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Al I i N 1. 1 MINI , h'HHI U. 1 IBRAM> 


3 1833 01148 4109 


extended history of its 
Southern Coast Counties 

J. M. Guinn, A.M. 

Complete in two volumes 

Volume II 

Historic Record Company- 
Los Angeles, Cal. 





Adams, Thomas G 1020 calender, Harry R 742 Fairchild, John A 714 

Adloff, Jacob 975 Campbell,' Eugene, M. D 1044 Ferguson, William 1076 

Alderson, Joshua H 781 Campbell, George W.. M. D....1007 Flint > Frank P $ 47 

Armstrong. Alfred C 1052 Carpenter, Richard B 1004 Follansbee, Elizabeth A.. M. D. . 875 

Carson, John M S33 Forbes. James 905 

B Carter, Hon. Henry E 976 Fnrman, Charles 659 

Baker, Dona Arcadia 641 Carter, Marion D 1009 Foshay, James A 673 

Baker, John H 910 Chambers, Judge Joseph F 7$2 Foy, Samuel C 777 

Baldwin, James V 989 Chapman, Alfred B 1027 Francisco, Andrew W 1067 

Bandini. Don Juan 635 Chapman, Charles C 683 Francisco, J. Bond 568 

Bandini, Juan B 528 Chapman, Frank M 703 Fredericks, Capt. John D 1029 

Bard. Cephas L 1087 Clapp, William T 724 Frederickson. Judge William... 660 

Bard. Thomas R 5" Clark. Eli P 599 Fremont, John C 677 

Barker, Obadiah T 967 dine, John C 527 Fre - V ' Joseph W 868 

Barlow. Walter J.. M. D 735 dough. Frank S 1038 

Beckett. Wesley W., M. D 571 Cochran, George 1 727 G 

Benedict, Walter S 1028 Cochran. Guy. M. D 1035 Ganlm0I1] Ansel E 8 4g 

B?ntz J° hn C 88 ^ Courts, Cav, J 886 ^.^ ^^ c 

Beveridge. John L 1102 Cowan. William K 687 Q c , avton H I0 - 3 

Bicknell, John D 579 Croft, Thomas F 1038 Q Rkhard * 

Bixb >- Fred H 997 Crow % Pro f. George R 6.3 Gaylord> Robert H Io6 , 

Bixby, John W 983 Crump, Edward S 900 ^ James A ^ 

Bixby Jotham ... 505 Giddings Joshua R ^ 

Blanchard, James H. 962 ^ Edward w ^ 

Bohrmann, Henry C io^s n . n w 

Bouton, Gen. Edward 755 Dalton. E. H 986 g^r J ^W. ig 

Bovard, George E, D. D 1091 Davis. Charles C 588 • 

Boynton, Frank P ois Davisson. John H. M. D 938 ^VbeT P Z 

Bradley. Edward R„ M. D 1078 De Groot, William E 839 ^ reen ' „ p , r ., 

Bragdon, Charles C 1031 Dennis, Mrs. Mary ED 895 £««!. Hon. R M 551 

Braly. John H 579 Dodson. Arthur M 93. £«««' ?*? ^ ,'" «™ 

Brice. James L to68 Dodson, James H 932 Groenendyke. Edward H 610 

Briggs. Mrs. Anna L 728 Dodson, John F 032 Gulnn > J ames M ™ 72 

Briggs. Mrs. Mary A 811 Dorsey. Stephen W 815 

Brodrick. William J 746 Dow, Herbert G 1075 H 

Brown, Charles C 1051 Dozier, Melville 820 Haas, Walter F 881 

Brown, Harrington 890 Dudley. T. Horace 1098 Haddock, Charles G 1026 

Browning. Charles C, M. D 785 Durrell, George A 942 Hafen, Conrad 792 

Bryant, Ernest A., M. D 765 Hagan, Ralph. M. D 700 

Bryson, Frank 844 F Hahn - Hon - Benjamin W 596 

Bullard, Frank D, M. D 919 Hamburger. Asher 1085 

Burks. Dana 109S Edgar, William F., M. D 621 Hammon, Hon. Percy V 1019 

Burnham, David R 795 Elliott. Dr. Thomas B 773 Hancock, Major Henry 984 

Burnham, William P 1070 Ellis. H. Bert. M. D 655 Hardwick, James J 923 

Byrne, Callaghan 799 Emery, Grenville C 833 Harkness, Lamon V 648 



-.. S6S Lawler, Hon. Oscar SV Parker. Millard M 974 

P 'f 1 P« se - N'les 56 

» I ft Bradner W 627 Pease. Sherman 1041 

Hon. Walter R 600 Germain 9/9 

Henry .1 W Perk.ns^ Hon. D. 1 1100 

: I ndley, Walter, M. D 1032 Pierce, Clarence W M. D 843 

!l 1028 Lips, Walter 924 Pierce, Hon. Fred E 1008 

«* Pierce. Judge H. A 717 

M 96S Lopizich, John 1071 Pitman, John S 683 

\1 5(37 Lowe, Thaddeus S20 Pomeroy, A. E 853 

508 Lowe. Thaddeus S. C 618 Ponet, Victor 1025 

713 Lull, Linford C 997 Porter, Andrew 617 

811 Pottenger, Francis M, M. D.... 707 

863 Mc 

572 McAdam, James 891 

945 McCaldin, William J 091 Rendall. Stephen A 826 

'"•' McCartney, Hon II S. G 829 Reynolds, David H 878 

514 McCoy, Hon. Alexander 790 Reynolds, Isaac J 1052 

973 M inder B 1000 Richardson. A. Joseph 885 

'•-" McDonald, Frank A 847 Rindge. Frederick H 51" 

7-'2 McGarvin, D C 1084 Robbins, A. S 1066 

McGue, Robert K 721 Roeder, Louis 731 

McKinlay, Samuel 816 Rowan. George D 613 

858 McLachlan, Hon. James 566 Rowan. Robert A 613 

805 McNally, Andrew 778 Rowley. Quentin J 945 

•■• 7'0 Rule, Ferd. K 1089 

M Ryan. Andrew W 1080 

1 eph 889 Ryder, Fred L 906 

699 Marble, John M. C 591 R yu s, Harmon D 1069 

II 699 Markham, Hon. Henry IT 5S5 

704 Marsh, Joseph E 819 S 

917 Marsh, Robert 825 „ ^ , . „, 

..918 Mem,,. Lewis 1015 l*™*' * dW " ?/ " '" ^ 

66, Savage Hon. William H 933 

John I0 95 ***■ J ° S T ! P /.""A I 

Mills. Henry W 04. Seabert Franklin A 1056 

[ilner, John 8 S o * ; lph '. > *". E ' " f* 

Col. James 1 .054 ' ? '"''T J f 2 

... 669 ' "" er ' Eeon l 8 ° 3 

i D 960 ™ er> Reuben 749 

... 994 Mullen. Andrew 903 M, " r, »- AndreW S - M D ' 82 

Claire W... . Sibley. Mrs. George W 927 

irphy, William W., M. D 1070 ", Charles 736 

Skillen, Charles M 643 

x Slaughter, Frank R 914 

Slauson, Jonathan S 679 

!E?£rEL-£:::::::::3JS£7$ r 


Nevin, William (, oRe ,. . TT ,, , '* 

ryB u* Sny^r, Hon Meredith P 647 

3 SUnton, Wilham 995 

S earns Don Abel 641 

3 Stem. Fredenck W io39 

p Stephens, J udge Albert L j(a 

Stewart, Gideon T 693 

intci Milt< n I) «, c to i„- ,,- „, ^ 

■ \t i, '5» stokes, r-rank 1049 

hAm ■• K48 Story, Francis Q 6 Z 

M 864 Story, Hampton I .....'. £4 


Strong, Frank R 576 U Widney, Joseph P 952 

Stuart, Holloway 1 906 Umsted Jesse R Io6 Wilbur, Judge Curtis D 835 

Summerfield, J. W 1017 Wills, John A 909 

Summerland, Theodore 796 Witmer, Henry C 821 

Summers, Mrs. Emma A 800 Wolf skill, Joseph W 969 

Summers, William H 857 Vavra - A - Ste P han QI 4 Wood, John W 1018 

Sutton, D. J 1041 Viole, Jules 1043 Woodhead, Charles B 1065 

Visscher, Louis G., M. D 1079 Workman, Elijah H 990 

Workman, William H 537 

W Wright, Cyrus 1047 

Thomas, G. Roscoe 1055 Walker, Frank 871 

Thompson, George F 892 Ward, Ben E 1045 Y 

Thorpe, Spencer R 861 Warner, Adam D 903 

Threlkeld, James B 1035 Washburn, William J 1086 Youn & Rev ' Wllllam S 8 7 8 

Toberman, Major James R 553 Waters, Russell J 1093 

Townsend, Stephen 955 Weid, Otto 1048 

Transue, Hon. J. P ion Welch, William 766 Zahn, Johann C. M. D 1061 

Turner, Joseph S., M. D 956 Welsh, Joseph 895 Zobelein, George 812 

?/y/^n > r /■-} 




O you youths, western youths, 
So impatient, full of action, full of manly pride and 

Plain I see you, western youths, see you tramping with 
the foremost, 

Pioneers ! O Pioneers ! 

Have the elder races halted? 
Do they drop and end their lesson, wearied, over there 

beyond the seas? 
We take up the task eternal, and the burden, and the 

Pioneers ! O Pioneers ! 

All the past we leave behind ; 
We debouch upon a newer, mightier world, varied 

world ; 
Fresh and strong the world we seize, world of labor 
and the march, 

Pioneers ! O Pioneers ! 

We detachments steady throwing, 
Down the edges, through the passes, up the mountains 

Conquering, holding, daring, venturing, as we go, the 
unknown ways, 

Pioneers ! O Pioneers ! 

We primeval forests felling. 
We the rivers stemming, vexing we, and piercing deep 

the mines within ; 
We the surface broad surveying, and the virgin soil 

Pioneers ! O Pioneers ! 

Raise the mighty mother mistress, 
Waving high the delicate mistress, over all the starry 

mistress, (bend your heads all,) 
Raise the fanged and warlike mistress, stern, impassive, 
weaponed mistress, 

Pioneers ! O Pioneers ! 

See, my children, resolute children, 
By those swarms upon our rear, we must never yield 

or falter, 
Ages back in ghostly millions, frowning there behind 
us urging, 

Pioneers ! O Pioneers ! 

All the pulses of the world, 
Falling in, they beat for us, with the western move- 
ment beat; 
Holding single or together, steady moving, to the front, 
all for us. 

Pioneers! O Pioneers! 

Lo ! the darting bowling orb ! 
Lo! the brother orbs around! all the clustering suns 

and planets; 
All the dazzling days, all the mystic nights with dreams, 
Pioneers ! O Pioneers ! 

Has the night descended? 
Was the road of late so toilsome? did we stop dis- 
couraged, nodding on our way? 
Yet a passing hour I yield you in your tracks to pause 

Pioneers ! O Pioneers ! 

Till with sound of trumpet. 
Far, far off the day-break call— hark! how loud and 

clear I hear it wind; 
Swift ! to the head of the army ! — swift ! spring to your 

Pioneers ! O Pioneers ! 

When Jotham Bixby, the subject of this sketch, 
just turned twenty-one, set sail from Boston, 
March i, 1852, aboard the clipper Samuel Apple- 
ton, Captain Doane, bound for a voyage of one 
hundred and fifty days around the Horn for 
San Francisco, it was doubtless because a certain 
adventurous fire was still steadily burning in his 
veins unquenched from that which prompted his 
emigrant ancestor, Joseph of that name, to come 
over from England in the early years of discov- 
ery and clear a farm in the virgin forests of 
Massachusetts, and which, a little later, while 
this splendid mother of Colonies in the first flush 
of her early matronhood as a Commonwealth 
was busily engaged in bringing forth, suckling, 
weaning and sending out to the frontier so many 
others of her sturdy offspring, impelled the sons 
and grandsons of that emigrant to themselves 
blithely and bravely cut loose from parental tie<= 
and as they became of age set their faces res- 
olutely in the direction of more room. Thus it 
happens that we find many apparently unrelated 
families of this name, which is rather an odd one. 
widely scattered over the continent, from New 
England, New York and Missouri to Indian Ter- 



rit. rv. California and Manitoba, all sprung from 
nun who were pioneers of their own particular 
ubt all tracing to a common 
origin in this single Puritan ancestor. 

The branch of the family now in question set- 
tled in Maine toward the end of the eighteenth 
century on the hanks of the Kennebec river, then 
an outpost of civilization. Here, in the second 
generation, one of the sons. Amasa, married 
Fanm Weston, granddaughter of Joseph Wes- 
ton, one of the most active and capable of the 
pioneer settlers who in the first year of the war 
of the Revolution volunteered as a woodsman 
guide to accompany the ill-fated expedition of 
Benedict Arnold through the pathless forests of 
Maine against Quebec, and lost his life in the 
patriotic discharge of that service. 

Under this roof-tree were reared to maturity 
eight sons and two daughters, all of whom soon- 
er or later removed to California, and of whom 
Jotham and his older brother, Marcellus, who 
came out together around Cape Horn, are now, 
fifty-five years later, the only survivors. 

These two brothers went at once to the mines, 
and for several years followed the washing of 
gold with varying hut rather indifferent sne- 
er--. Here, through the exercise of that thrift 
and frugality which had been instilled into them 
in a home where principle and character and com- 
mon sense constituted the animating spirit rather 
than mere idle catchwords of daily life, they 
ged t" save a few thousand dollars, which 
the) first invested in a small mountain farm sup- 
plying produce to the mines. 

• mi, having sold this, they invested in a 

heep, which were 
then valued at about $<> a head. During the 
I [863 and 1864 these flocks, 
which m the meantime had materially increased 
in numbers, were maintained with great diffi- 
culty by the partners on free government range 
in the foothills and mountains of San Luis Obispo 
If the crop of acorns in the latter year 
had not proved exceptionally abundant they would 
probabf) have lost everything, hut through this 

• ntial circumstance and their own ui 
. living with their sheep a- diil tl 

triarehs of old, they saved most of them. 

\l»:tit this time the half interest of Marcellus 
in the sheep business was bought by the firm 

of Flint, Bixby & Co., composed of another 
brother, Llewellyn, who was the first of the fam- 
ilv to come to California, and two cousins, Ben- 
jamin and Thomas Flint. This firm was already 
well established and doing business on an ex- 
tensive scale, and through them the new firm of 
I. Bixby & Co., then formed with Jotham Bixby 
as half owner and managing partner, was en- 
abled to buy lands in Southern California and 
abandon the at best uncertain practice of graz- 
ing on the free ranges. 

As an indication of the wildness and inac- 
cessibility of Los Angeles county at this time, 
as late as 1866, it may be mentioned without im- 
propriety that one of the chief impelling motives 
which induced the elder brother to sell out his 
half interest to the wealthier firm, whose mem- 
bers indeed did not have to live here, was the 
fact that he dreaded to bring his family into so 
rough and distant a region, as it was then viewed 
even in the not over-thickly settled districts of 
Central California. 

Rancho Los Cerritos was purchased by J. Bix- 
by & Co., in 1866, from John Temple, a well- 
known trader and land holder who had come to 
this coast also, as it happened, from Massachusetts 
long prior to the Mexican war, and who died 
in San Francisco soon after making this sale, 
his widow, who was a daughter of one of the 
old established Spanish families, thereupon re- 
moving with her daughter and son-in-law to 
Paris, never to return to the Pacific coast. 

The great drought above referred to had all 
hut exterminated the formerly extensive herds 
of cattle throughout Southern California, the 
country being of course entirely without trans- 
portation facilities, and as these cattle ranges 
were now lying idle and unproductive of any 
revenue to their owners they were held at what 
at the iirexent day seems an absurdly low value. 
Los Cerritos, which contained twenty-seven thou- 
sand acres of the best grazing lands in the Los 
\ngel< - valley, embracing the present flourishing 
farming districts of Clearwater, Hynes and 
Llewellyn, and the townsites of Los Cerritos and 
Long Beach, was bought for $20,000, and paid 
for out of the first two clips of wool sold by the 
new owners. 

I rom this time dates an era of steady progress. 
The close of the Civil war sent hitherward many 



homeseckers out of both disbanded armies, farm- 
ing settlements were started in some of the choice 
alluvial lands of the San Gabriel and other ir- 
rigible valleys of the county, and many of the 
larger grants which had hitherto been used for 
grazing alone were opened for settlement, their 
owners being tempted to part with portions of 
their holdings through advancing values. The 
first sales from Los Cerritos were made along 
the northern boundary contiguous to the colony 
of Downey. Then followed fourteen hundred 
acres to the Wilmington Colony, and later in 
1884 six thousand acres off the north to the 
California Co-operative Colony, and four thou- 
sand acres on the ocean side called the American 
Colony tract. Here is now situated the city of 
Long Beach, whose growth has appeared as a 
marvel of these latter years of improved electric 
transportation, but is, after all, only the natural 
outcome of her peculiarly favored situation up- 
on gently sloping hills fronting the most at- 
tractive of sea beaches, while, moreover, she is 
no doubt destined to reap high benefits from im- 
provements now in progress in the harbor of San 
Pedro, a large part of which lies within her cor- 
porate borders. More recent sales from this 
rancho embrace one of seven thousand acres to 
Senator Clark, of Montana, and one of one thou- 
sand acres to Mr. Skinner and others, of Florida, 
all of which make up one of the richest and most 
productive bodies of farming land in the New 
River district. Mr. Bixby still retains personally 
some thirty-five hundred acres of the rancho 
surrounding the original adobe ranch house, 
built and first occupied by Mr. Temple, and 
where he made his own home for so many years, 
and to this he devotes much of his time in per- 
sonal direction of operations in dairy farming, 
and the growing of barley and alfalfa, never hav- 
ing lost a primary interest in the live stock and 
farming business. 

Other extensive properties were acquired by 
him and by the firm in which he was half-owner 
and managing partner, from time to time since 
coming to Los Cerritos. Some of these con- 
sist of sixteen thousand acres of Los Palos Ver- 
des rancho, situated on the coast between Red- 
ondo and San Pedro, six thousand acres of farm- 
ing lands in Los Alamitos rancho near the Beet 
Sugar factory, seven thousand acres of the rancho 

Santiago de Santa Ana lying between Santiago 
creek and the Santa Ana river in Orange county, 
a little foothill orange ranch in Temescal canon, 
Riverside county, certain landed and livestock 
interests in Arizona, various holdings in the 
cities of Long Beach and Los Angeles, and in 
other localities. 

Mr. Bixby was elected president of the first 
bank established in Long Beach, and still remains 
at the head of that institution now called the 
National Bank of Long Beach, the growth of 
which has been steady and rapid while practicing 
a policy of conservatism and security in loans 
and investments. He is one of the stockholders, 
though not a controlling owner, in the Long 
Beach Hotel Company, and other enterprises 
which have been started with a view to develop- 
ing the resources of the town in which the latter 
years of his life have been cast, and in the 
growth and prosperity of which he has always 
taken a lively interest. Mr. Bixby has never 
been in any strict sense a speculator, all of the 
properties which he now owns having been 
purchased with a view to permanence of invest- 
ment. It was his good fortune to come early to 
a favored region and to acquire large interests 
here ; to him was also given the clear head and 
sober judgment to manage these interests some- 
times through seasons of prosperity and again 
of perplexity and discouragement, but always 
with skill and a good measure of that success 
which comes alone from correct perception and 
appreciation in the use of figures as applied to 
receipts and disbursements in business. Califor- 
nians, indeed, of that day and training were more 
generally actuated, it may be, by the principle 
known as "live and let live," than those schooled 
in an environment of more exacting commercial 
competition. In this prevailing spirit of fair 
dealing among Californians, which, of course, 
like most rules, was not without its exceptions, 
it is believed that the student of social condi- 
tions may find an item of real compensation for 
many of the hardships and drawbacks of a life 
so far removed from the great metropolitan cen- 
ters of social and industrial activity. At all 
events to those who know Jotham Bixby best it 
is not necessary to enlarge upon this side of 
his character as a business man. 

In 1862 at San Juan, San Benito county (then 

51 18 


in the county of Monterey), Jotham BSxby mar- 
ried Margaret Winslow Hathaway, daughter of 
Rev. George W. Hathaway of Skowhegan, Me. 
This marriage followed an engagement made 
some time before on a visit by Mr. Bixby to his 
old home, and for this purpose this handsome 
young woman came out alone under the protec- 
; acquaintances, on the long steamer trip 
by way of the Isthmus. An older sister was at 
the time married to Llewellyn Bixby, who was 
to become her future husband's partner, and they 
were living in San Juan. Here the young couple 
made their first home, and their oldest son, 
George Hathaway, was born. Later at Los Cer- 
ritos and Los Angeles six more children were 
born, of whom tun, their daughter Fanny Wes- 
ton and their son Jotham Winslow, are now liv- 
ing. Both these suns are married and there are 
now six grandchildren of whom one is the son 
. f their si n Harry Llewellyn, wdio died in 1902. 

Larger fortunes than Mr. Bixby's are not un- 
11 among those who have combined the 
exceptional opportunity of early residence in Cal- 
ifornia, good judgment in investing and close 
study in the handling of their affairs, but in this 
it least the best legacy which will be left 
b\ the pioneer father to his offspring, when in the 
days to come, let us hope still many long years 
distant, his soul goes faring forth out of an out- 
worn tenement, to join those of his own forbears, 
will be a name unsullied by personal misconduct, 
dice or any meanness. More than this, on 
the positive side to those who really know him 
will be revealed a depth of kindness and con- 
siderateness t< ward others but thinly veiled un- 
der habits of reserve and unostentation border- 
ing on diffidence. 

How are the strong, simple men of that gen- 
eration to be replaced under these more artificial 
and tense conditions of American society? The 
answer comes through an appreciation of the 
spirit of the virile verses of the poet Whitman, 
which have been prefixed to this article. 

Hail and all hail our fearless, able, generous 

r the good of the Republic may 

the line example and stirring memories of your 

adventurous lives prove a beacon guide alike to 

leaders and to hosts of many a stalwart genera- 

- Americans vet unborn! 

CLAUDE S. HOLM AX. To her noble, self- 
sacrificing pioneers, no less than to her enterpris- 
ing business men of later days. Southern Califor- 
nia owes her remarkable progress. To their zeal 
and energy will prosperity be indebted, and 
among the names worthy of perpetuation in the 
future is that of Woodford C. Holman, a pioneer 
of 1849. A native of the south, he was born in 
Woodford county. Ky., March 18, 1824. To him 
more than to the average boys with whom he 
associated came the privilege of obtaining good 
school training, first receiving instruction in a 
private school, and following this by a course in a 
private academy. The same year that John C. 
Fremont, the famous pathfinder, set out to find 
the Pacific coast, also found Mr. Holman making 
his way across the plains with ox-teams. He ar- 
rived in Oregon after a most perilous trip, during 
which he had many narrow escapes from the 
Indian's tomahawk, as well as suffering from 
the encroachments of wild animals. His destina- 
tion, McMinnville, Ore., was finally reached and 
there he settled down content with his surround- 
ings in the west until the news of the finding 
of gold in California made all other places pale 
in comparison. Coming to the state during the 
same year he stopped for a time in San Francisco, 
but finally made his way to the mines, where it 
proved a rich harvest was awaiting him. During 
the ten years which he spent in the mines he also 
carried on a merchandise business in San Fran- 
cisco, both of which avenues were productive of 
large incomes and made him a wealthy man. His 
association with Los Angeles dates from the year 
1870, at which time he purchased large tracts 
of real estate in what later became the corporate 
limits of the city. In addition to carrying on 
general farming he also gave considerable at- 
tention to horticulture, setting out groves of 
lemons, oranges and deciduous fruits, besides 
shrubs of various kinds. Selling a part of his 
ranch he removed into the city of Los Angeles 
in 1890, and from that time until his death. May 
-'.)■ [898, was unable to attend to any business on 
account of ill health. 

A man of unusual ability and versatility, Mr. 
Holman was perhaps even better known as an 
author and lecturer than in the commercial world. 
Hi- early pioneer experiences in the west and ex- 
tensive travels in the old world furnished him 




with valuable material from which to draw, and 
whatever came from his pen or lips had the sound 
ring of truth and substantiality. His subjects 
on the lecture platform were almost always in the 
line of agriculture, gold-mining or early Califor- 
nia history, on any or all of which subjects he 
was perhaps as well able to speak authoritatively 
as any who ever came to the west, not excepting 
his great contemporary, John C. Fremont. 
Among other books of which he is the author we 
mention but one "The Old Pioneer," which is 
not only interesting in the extreme, but claims 
the added merit of being instructive as well. 
Personally Mr. Holman was a man of unimpeach- 
able character, great force and energy, and- all 
who were privileged to know him felt that they 
were in the presence of a pure. God-fearing man. 
His earth life came to a close in McMinnville, 
Ore., May 24, 1898, while on a visit to his 
brother, Daniel Holman. 

A native son of the state, bom in Los An- 
geles June 10, 1874, Claude S. Holman received 
his entire training in the common and high schools 
of this city and county and when still comparative- 
ly young began to assist his father in looking 
after his business interests. Starting out in busi- 
ness on his own account some time later, he be- 
came associated with W. I. Hollingsworth under 
the firm name of W. I. Hollingsworth & Co., real 
estate brokers, a partnership which existed for 
ten years and during which time a large volume 
of business was transacted. At the end of this 
time, however, the partnership was dissolved, 
since which time Mr. Holman has continued in 
the real estate business alone, handling Los An- 
geles business property exclusively. His local 
office is in the Union Trust building. 

A marriage ceremony celebrated October 16, 
1901, in Los Angeles, united the lives of Claude 
S. Holman and Miss Elizabeth Lebus, the latter 
a daughter of Lewis and Martha C. Lebus. Mr. 
and Mrs. Holman have two children, Margaret 
and Katherine. At this writing Mr. Holman is 
erecting an elegant modern residence on Hamp- 
shire street, between Wilshire boulevard and 
Seventh street, which when completed will rep- 
resent the acme of perfection in the builder's 
art. Mr. Holman is a member of but one fra- 
ternal order, the Free and Accepted Masons, his 
membership being in Southern California Lodge 

of Los Angeles. The fine personal character- 
istics which stood out so prominently in the father 
and made him a man among men, are found in no 
less degree in the son, who in following his high 
ideals is setting an example which the rising gen- 
eration would do well to take for their arxiicle. 

man of exceptional talent, high character, a 
statesman of eminent ability, and a distin- 
guished lawmaker ex-Senator Bard has left 
the impress of his individuality upon the legis- 
lation which was enacted during the period of 
his connection with our national legislature, 
and no man of this state has a wider or more 
favorable reputation among his former col- 
leagues of the senate. His is a family which 
has for many generations been one of promi- 
nence, antedating the founding of the United 
States government on this continent, and 
while on a trip to Italy in 1905 Mr. Bard suc- 
ceeded in tracing his lineage back through the 
British Isles, through France and into Italy, 
where in the ninth century the family left its 
record, at Ft. Bard, Piedmont. The history of 
the family in America begins with Archibald 
Bard who came from the north of Ireland, and 
settled near Gettysburg, Pa. The next in line 
was Richard Bard who was born in Pennsyl- 
vania, served in the French and Indian war, 
and in April. 1758, after Braddock's defeat he 
and his wife were captured by the Indians 
and held for a ransom. Mr. Bard succeeded 
in making his escape after ten days' captivity, 
but his wife was carried away and held cap- 
tive for two years and five months before her 
whereabouts were discovered and her release 
secured by the payment of forty pounds ster- 
ling to the Indians. Richard Bard also served 
in the Revolutionary war. Captain Thomas 
Bard, the son of Richard, was born in Frank- 
lin county. Pa., and took part in the second 
war with Great Britain in 1812. This brings 
us to Robert M. Bard, the father of Thomas 
R. He was born at Chambersburg. Pa., being 
an attorney of prominence who was consid- 
ered the leader of the bar in his section of the 
state. He was also a strong man in political 
circles and the year before his death was nom- 

5 12 


inatcd by his -party as a member of congress. 
His death occurred in 1S51. at the age of for- 
ly-one years, in Chambersburg, a most suc- 
cessful and promising career being cut off in 
the prime oi life. David and William, broth- 
; Richard Bard, were the founders of 
Bardstown, Ky. 

On his mother's side, also, Mr. Hard has in- 
herited good blood. She was Elizabeth Lit- 
;le. born in Mercersburg, Pa., the daughter of 
Dr. Peter W. little, who was born in York 
county, Pa., was a graduate of the Jefferson 
Medical College of Philadelphia, read medi- 
cine under Dr. Benjamin Rush of Philadel- 
phia, spent his lifetime in the successful prac- 
tice of hi- profession ami died at Mercersburg. 
His wife was Mary Parker, a daughter of Ma- 
jor Robert Parker, who was an officer in the 
Revolutionary army, and in private life after 
the war conducted a merchandising business. 
Hi- -ister was the wife of General Andrew 
Porter, whose great-grandson is General Hor- 
ace Porter, late ambassador to France. While 
visiting her son Mrs. ]■'.. L. Bard died at 
Berylw 1, his home, near Hueneme, in Ven- 
tura county, on the anniversary of her birth- 
day. December 7. 1881. There were four chil- 
dren in the family, two daughters who reside 
in Chambersburg, Pa., and two sons. The 
younger son. I )r. Cephas I.. Hard, was the 
Foremost physician in Ventura county for 
many years and died in [902, loved and re- 
! by all who knew him. A sketch of his 
life appears elsewhere in this volume. The re- 
maining son is Thomas Robert Bard, who 
was born in Chamber-burg, Pa., December 8, 
1841, and spent his boyhood days in that 

After preliminary work in the public 
Schools Mr. Bard attended Chambersburg 
Vcademy and graduated from that institution 
when seventeen years of age. Having decided 
la 1 he sei ured an opportunity to 
under Judge Chamber-, a retired su- 
preme justice of Pennsylvania, but soon 
learned that his tastes inclined to a more 
active occupation and he secured a position 
on a railroad corps and worked for a while on 
the Huntington & Round Top Railroad in 
Pennsylvania. After ihis he re umed the 

study of law for a short time, then accepted 
an offer from his uncle by marriage, David 
Zeller, to enter his office as bookkeeper, he 
being engaged in a grain and forwarding busi- 
ness at Hagerstown, Md. These were excit- 
ing days, for at this time the Civil war broke 
out and Mr. Bard, who was an enthusiastic 
reader of the "Atlantic Monthly" and the 
Xew York Tribune, which publications print- 
ed strong abolition articles, was one of very 
few people in Hagerstown who openly es- 
poused that side of the question before the be- 
ginning of the war. 

While the war was yet in progress Mr. 
Bard became an assistant to the superintend- 
ent of the Cumberland Valley Railroad, hav- 
ing charge particularly of the movement of 
trains carrying military supplies. While an 
incumbent of this position he became ac- 
quainted with Colonel Thomas A. Scott, sec- 
retary of war, and president of the Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad, and was induced by him to 
take charge of his large land holdings in Cali- 
fornia. Mr. Bard started about the 20th of 
December, 1864, via the Panama route, spent 
Christmas of that year on the sea, and ar- 
rived in San Francisco January 5, 1865. 
While a part of Colonel Scott's property was 
located in Humboldt and Monterey counties 
the greater area of the three hundred and fifty 
thousand acres of land was located in Los An- 
geles and Ventura counties, and in the last 
named locality Mr. Bard made his home. 

Mr. Bard was the pioneer in the develop- 
ment of the oil fields of that section of the 
state, and as superintendent of the California 
Petroleum Company sunk some of the earliest 
oil wells in California on the Ojai ranch. The 
results of this work were not equal to the ex- 
pectations of the company, and in 1868 the 
work was abandoned. Among other oil en- 
terprises in which he was interested and was 
the organizer are the Union Oil Company of 
California, the Torrey- Canon Oil Company 
and the Sespe Oil Company, of which he was 
president, both of which were ultimately ab- 
sorbed by the Union Oil Company. In 1868 
he subdivided the Rancho Ojai and sold it as 
small ranches and a little later disposed of the 
Rancho Canada Larga in the same way. It 



is a notable fact that while there has been 
much trouble over titles to lands comprised in 
the various grants in this state, there have 
never been any controversies over the acres 
disposed of by Mr. Bard. In 1871 he built the 
wharf at Hueneme and laid out the town. He 
subsequently acquired the ownership of this 
wharf from Colonel Scott, built warehouses, 
enlarged and improved the landing and ex- 
ploited its advantages until it became a very 
important shipping point, handling more ag- 
ricultural products than any other wharf 
south of San Francisco, it being possible for 
him to secure cheap transportation rates on 
account of the returning lumber schooners 
from ports below. The building of the wharf 
at Hueneme encouraged others to engage in 
such enterprises at places on the coast, as ex- 
posed and unprotected as was Hueneme ; and 
as the mechanics whom he employed on the 
Hueneme wharf were desirous of securing 
further employment in their business, they 
took contracts in his name, but on their own 
account, to build wharves along the channel. 
Among others were the wharves at More's 
landing, Gaviota, Santa Cruz Island, and the 
wharf built for the Los Angeles & Independ- 
ence Railroad at Santa Monica. 

Mr. Bard next subdivided for Colonel Scott 
the Rancho El Rio de Santa Clara o la Colonia 
and secured some undivided interest for him- 
self in that grant. He became one of the prin- 
cipal owners of the ranchos Simi and Los 
Posas, and bought as well, from the company 
he represented, the San Francisco ranch 
which he afterwards disposed of to Henry 
Newhall. He was largely interested in sheep 
raising several years ago and at one time he 
and his co-partner owned thirty-five thousand 
head. During the dry years following 1875 
thousands were lost, but the business was con- 
tinued, and later success made the venture a 
profitable one as a whole. Since its building 
Mr. Bard has been president of the Hueneme 
Wharf Company and was one of the organ- 
izers of the Bank of Ventura, serving as pres- 
ident of that institution for many years. He 
was likewise an organizer of the Hueneme 
Bank and is now its president. He was one 
of the supervisors of Santa Barbara county 

and when Ventura county was created he was 
one of the commissioners appointed to organ- 
ize this county. Although in charge of such 
extensive business interests, no movement 
calculated to be of material benefit to his sec- 
tion of the state went without his support, 
and both time and means were freely given to 
every interest deserving the attention of a 
good citizen. 

The political career of Mr. Bard has been 
a long and honorable one which culminated in 
a term in the United States senate. He was 
sent as a delegate to the Republican National 
Convenion in 1884 when James G. Blaine was 
nominated for the presidency, being the only 
elector from California sent to the electoral 
college in 1892. At a special session of the 
state legislature in 1900 Mr. Bard was elected 
to the United States senate by a unanimous 
vote of the Republican members of the state 
senate and served his term with great credit 
to himself and satisfaction to the people whom 
he represented. Whenever a question came 
up for his decision he studied the pros and 
cons of the matter deeply before expressing 
an opinion, which however when once arrived 
at was almost invariably right. He made an 
especially thorough study of the Panama Ca- 
nal project, even before assuming his sena- 
torial duties at Washington, and in the con- 
sideration of the amendments to the first Hay- 
Pauncefote treaty his colleagues accorded to 
Senator Bard the credit of having offered cer- 
tain suggestions which resulted in several of 
the important amendments to that document. 

When Mr. Bard assumed his duties as su- 
perintendent of the lands and wharf at Hue- 
neme he met with opposition from some of 
the residents. His life was even threatened at 
times and it is said that upon one occasion a 
gibbet had really been erected for his execu- 
tion. Mr. Bard felt himself in the right on 
disputed questions, however, and pursued the 
even tenor of his way apparently unconscious 
of trouble, and the time came when even those 
who were once his pronounced enemies be- 
came his stanch friends. 

It was in 1876 that Mr. Bard began to im- 
prove the grounds of his beautiful home and 
make it what it is today, one of the finest res- 



idence places in the state. There are fifty 
i of ground attached, half of which is laid 
out in a park and contains trees, plants and 
rs rom all pan- of the world. Floricult- 
ure has always been one of the most pleas- 
urable recreations of Mr. Bard, and in his 
flower gardens are found many fine roses 
which were originated on his grounds. 

His marriage, which occurred in 1876. 
united him with Miss Mary, daughter of C. O. 
Gerberding of San Francisco, founder of The 
Evening Bulletin of that city. She was a 
native of San Francisco, and became the 
mother of eight children: Beryl P..: Mary L.. 
wife of Roger ( i. Edwards of Saticoy; Thom- 
as G. ; Anna G. ; Elizabeth Parker ; Richard ; 
Philip: ami Robert. All are now living ex- 
cept Ruber;, who died at the age of two years. 
Mr. and Mrs. Bard also opened their home to 
an adopted daughter, Alethea Maiden, a 
young English iady. 

Mr. Bard was made a Mason in Ventura 
and is now a member of Oxnard Lodge, F. & 
A. M.. and of Oxnard Chapter, R. A. M., and 
of the Ventura Commandery, K. T. He is a 
member and liberal supporter of the Presby- 
terian Church, and a man of superior integrity 
and rectitude. There is a pronounced yet 1111- 
explainable influence felt in the presence of 
some people that can be accounted for in no 
other way than that it is caused by the in- 
ward thoughts and high motives of the per- 
son to whom they are ascribed. When in the 
presence of such a man one feels, instinctive- 
ly, that he has lived a pure and upright life 
and is one who can be trusted implicitly with- 
out fear that any confidence imposed in him 
will be betrayed. There is no necessity to 
eulogize a man of the well known reputation 
and eminence of Senator Bard, vet it will not 
be .mt of place to mention that he possesses 
1" a remarkable degree this personal magnet- 
ism, as it is popularly called. While naturally 
endowed with the qualities which win the love 
of his fellow men, there is a 
in all his actions without 
which it would be impossible for him to live 
the blameless life he has with a career so 
filled with public and private duties as have 
fallen to his share. 

finest residences to be seen in Los Angeles is 
that owned and occupied by Mrs. Hughes, at No. 
34 St. James Park, where with true California 
hospitality she entertains her hosts of friends, 
who come from the most cultured and refined 
homes of the city. On the maternal side she 
comes from Revolutionary stock, her great-grand- 
father participating in that struggle as a lieuten- 
ant. Her grandfather, Conrad Miller, fought 
there under Colonel Bower in the Fifth Virginia 
Cavalry. His marriage united him with Mar- 
garet Groscup, a native of Philadelphia, Pa., and 
the daughter of Col. Nicholas Groscup, a title 
which he won at the siege of Quebec, in the 
French and Indian war. Conrad Miller also par- 
ticipated in that conflict and it was on the battle- 
field that he met Colonel Groscup. The latter 
was a large landowner in Kensington. Frances 
Miller, the daughter of Conrad and Margaret 
(Groscup) Miller, became the wife of William 
Harvey, and to them was born a daughter, to 
whom they gave the name of Margaret. When 
about ten years of age Margaret Harvey went 
with her parents to Philadelphia, there becom- 
ing a pupil in Miss Ashton's Seminary, at that 
time one of the most noted ladies' schools in 
the east. 

In Philadelphia Margaret Harvey became the 
wife of Hon. Isaac Walker Moore, whose fore- 
fathers on both sides came to this country with 
William Penn, settling in Chester county. Pa. 
The land on which this early immigrant settled 
at that time is still in the possession of and the 
home of one of his descendants. Mr. Moore was 
born and reared in Pennsylvania, and was a grad- 
uate of the University of Pennsylvania. Besides 
being an artist of considerable note, he was no 
K~s well known in legislative halls, being a mem- 
ber of tin' Pennsylvania legislature. His death 
occurred in Philadelphia, and his remains lie 
buried in Laurel Hill Cemetery. 

Mrs. Moore's second marriage occurred in 
Philadelphia and united her with William F. 
Hughes, a resident of that city. Personally he 
was a man of commanding proportions, whose 
qualities of head and heart were no less con- 
spicuous, and in whatever circles he moved he 
was well known a- a man of thorough business 
integrity, on whose word one might rely most im- 

dL*. f J/. $£ 




plicitly, it being as good as his bond. Besides 
being president of the City Bank of Philadelphia, 
he also rented from the state and superintended 
the farming on League Island, having charge of 
it for twenty-seven years, and after his lease ran 
out the island was sold to the government. Some 
time prior to his death he had a magnificent 
bronze statute of himself executed by a noted 
sculptor and placed on the family lot in Laurel 
Hill Cemetery in Philadelphia. Here his remains 
are interred, his death having occurred in that 
city April 5, 1871. 

Owing to the ill-health of her daughter, 
Josephine, Mrs. Hughes found it necessary to 
seek a more even climate than prevailed in the 
east and in the hope of finding a suitable location 
in California she started for the west April 15, 
1874, in company with her son, Walter S. After 
a stay of two weeks in Santa Barbara she came 
to Los Angeles, and so charmed was she with the 
city from the first that she decided to make it her 
future home. Returning to Philadelphia for her 
family in June, the following October found her 
again in Los Angeles, she having made the trip 
with a party of fourteen by way of the Isthmus 
of Panama. The party received royal treatment 
throughout the trip, and what is usually looked 
upon as a trying ordeal proved one of the most 
delightful experiences in Mrs. Hughes' life. They 
sailed from New York on board the battle ship 
Richmond, and before debarking at Panama a 
ball was given in their honor. From Panama to 
San Francisco they sailed under Captain Dear- 
born, who also showed them many courtesies, and 
from the latter city they sailed back to San Pedro, 
thence to Los Angeles. 

At the time Mrs. Hughes came to Los Angeles 
there were only two vacant houses in the city, 
one of which she secured, this being on Second 
near Broadway ; there she made her home until 
removing to Hill street between Third and 
Fourth. Still later she purchased a ranch near 
Anaheim, upon which she made her home until 
1885. in which year she once more took up her 
residence in Los Angeles. In 1875 she purchased 
twelve and one-half acres on Adams and Figueroa 
streets, extending north to Twenty-third street. 
The purchase price of this property was $275 per 
acre, and after holding it for six months she sold 
the entire tract for $9,000, thus nearlv trebling 

her original investment. It was in 1887 that she 
bought her present home on St. James Park, 
where she has a comfortable home set in the 
midst of well kept grounds. Mrs. Hughes is 
much loved by her many friends, all of whom re- 
ceive a cheery uplift whenever they come under 
the spell of her sunny disposition. While on a 
visit to the state in 1874, Edwin Forest, the noted 
actor, remarked to Mrs. Hughes as his prophecy, 
that in fifty years the actors, artists and singers 
of the world would be from Southern California, 
for, being reared under these beautiful skies, and 
in the midst of its magnificent scenery, to say 
nothing of its salubrious climate, they could not 
be other than artists. Mrs. Hughes was a charter 
member of the Woman's Club of Los Angeles, 
but is not connected with the club at this writing. 

Frederick H. Rindge holds a place in the an- 
nals of Southern California unsurpassed by 
that of any other citizen, won not by his great 
wealth nor yet by his use of it, but by the in- 
herent qualities of noble manhood which dis- 
tinguished his career. His death, which oc- 
curred in Yreka, Siskiyou county, Cal., August 
29, 1905, removed from the society that had 
known him, a philanthropist, a Christian gen- 
tleman, a successful financier and a man of 
affairs, and above all a man of noble mental 
and moral stature, unswerving integrity and 
honesty of purpose, whose life, though closing 
in comparatively early manhood, was ever a 
power for good and an influence toward bet- 
ter, purer and higher things. His is a career 
which will never pass from the memory of 
those who have known him, for its influence 
will live for all time in the lives of the many 
who have felt the power of his strong, earnest 
and upright manhood. 

Mr. Rindge was the representative of an old 
eastern family, the name having been estab- 
lished in New England during the colonial 
period of our country. His father, Samuel 
Baker Rindge, was a prominent woolen im- 
porter and manufacturer of Cambridge, Mass., 
where his citizenship was productive of much 
material benefit to the city. Frederick H. 
Rindge was born in Cambridge in the year 



[857 and spent his boyhood and young man- 
hood- in that city. His preliminary education 
was received in private schools and with tutors 
with whom he prepared for college, entering 
Harvard University one year before President 
Roosevelt. During his third year his health 
became impaired. A few years later he re- 
ceived a degree from his Alma Mater. He suc- 

! to the large estate left by his father, 
a care and a responsibility which generally 
taxes men of his age to their utmost capacity. 
That he proved equal to the task is evidenced 
by the fact nf his successful career, during 
which he doubled his wealth. He brought to 
bear upon tin- business interests left him by 
his father the same ability and energy which 
have characterized his efforts in all enter- 
prises, lie was a true philanthropist, studying 
the needs of the human family and endeavor- 
ing to uplift it in ever) waj he could. He be- 
lieved that people should not wait until they 
died to make their bequests, but should make 
them during their lifetime. Following out this 
belief he gave liberally to many causes and 
studied closel) tin- effect it had upon the com- 
munity where he gave it. Several substantial 
monuments were the result of his generosity 
t" his home city, as well as an imposing city 
hall and a handsome public library which he 
built and presented to Cambridge. His crown- 
ing gift was the erection of the Rindge Manual 
Training School, which was conducted at his 
own expense for the period of ten years, when 
it was turned over to the city of Cambridge. 
This was the first manual training school in 

ite of Massachusetts, and from it sprung 
up a system of schools which is now a pride 
to the state. As a direct result of the estab- 
lishment of the Rindge Manual Training 

1 tin- Massachusetts state legislature 
passed a law making compulsory the estab- 
lishment of similar schools in all cities over 
twenty thousand population. 

Tin- interests of Mr. Rindge became identi- 
fied with those mI' Angeles in [887, when 
he became a resident of Southern California. 
\ detailed description of bis association with 
business enterprises since that date would form 
a history of itself, for as he was ever found 
ready to espouse the cause of public or pri- 

vate interests he was called upon daily to lend 
the influence of his name and wealth to incipi- 
ent plans. He early established his interests 
here on a firm basis, one of his first invest- 
ments of importance being the purchase of the 
Malibu ranch, above Santa Monica, where he 
made his home for a large portion of the time. 
That magnificent expanse of mountain and 
valley were a source of much pleasure to him, 
and there he expended much money in bring- 
ing the lands to a state of high cultivation 
and beauty. He erected a fine home, and al- 
though far removed from neighbors or settle- 
ment it was supplied with every modern con- 
venience. In 1904, at a great expense, he 
built a wagon road up the coast for the con- 
venience of the ranch interests, and as the 
house had been destroyed a few years before 
by fire it was Mr. Rindge's intention to build 
again, as life on this vast estate held a pleasure 
for him surpassed by no other. Malibu ranch 
stretches as a shoe string along the coast line 
from a point a little north of Arch rock far 
beyond Point Dume into Ventura county. It 
is a mile wide at some points and at others 
broadens out, containing in all about twenty 
thousand acres of land. 

In the city of Los Angeles Mr. Rindge be- 
gan to make judicious investments in the busi- 
ness districts shortly after his location in 
Southern California, and that his vision at 
that early date was keen and sure is evidenced 
by the fact that his property has about doubled 
in value up to the present time. Tine Rindge 
block, at the northeast corner of Third and 
Broadway, was owned by him. and it was 
largely through his aid that the handsome 
Conservative Life building, at Third and Hill 
streets, was built. Apropos of this building 
may be mentioned Mr. Rindge's association 
with the Conservative Life Insurance Com- 
pany, an organization established in this city 
about six years ago, when he was elected 
president and thereafter he discharged the 
duties of that office. His moral influence was 
as keenly felt in this line as in all others that 
engaged his attention, fellow officers and all 
employes experiencing the kindliness of his 
nature, the friendliness and generosity char- 
acteristic of his dealings with those about him. 



Through his activities as president of the 
Maclay Rancho and Water Company, Mr. 
Rindge was instrumental in opening up for 
settlement thousands of acres in the San Fer- 
nando valley, while in the central portions of 
the state he also conducted several large af- 
fairs, including both arid lands and those sus- 
ceptible of cultivation. As president of the 
Middle River Navigation and Canal Company 
and the Rindge Land and Navigation Com- 
pany he was instrumental in starting enter- 
prises which will reclaim thousand of acres of 
peat and tule lands near Stockton. Over twen- 
ty-five thousand acres have already been re- 
claimed. Mr. Rindge was also identified with 
other corporations of similar nature, giving to 
all the same ability, energy and enthusiasm 
which insured the success of all enterprises 
fostered by him. 

The spiritual life of Mr. Rindge was one of 
power and influence. He lived in close touch 
with high ideals and made his everyday life 
conform to them. He was for many years a 
member of the Westlake Methodist Episcopal 
Church, with whose interests he was largely 
identified, contributing to all charities and the 
various building enterprises which have dis- 
tinguished this denomination in Los Angeles. 
At the sessions of the general conference, 
which were held in this city, he took a promi- 
nent part, and was the leader of a laymen's 
evangelistic movement which was far-reaching 
in its effect. While a resident of Santa Mon- 
ica he built the First Methodist Episcopal 
Church of that city on the site of the old 
building. A man of pronounced prohibition 
views, a few years ago. when Santa Monica 
abolished the saloons, he agreed to pay from 
his personal funds any deficit which might be 
caused in the city treasury from the lack of 
saloon license money. As president of the 
Young Men's Christian Association Mr. 
Rindge was most active in the support and 
upbuilding of this institution, a power in both 
its spiritual and material existence, and was 
one of the most enthusiastic supporters for the 
new building which the association contem- 
plates putting up. 

One of the most beautiful homes of Los An- 
geles, reflecting without and within the cult- 

ured and refined tastes of its owner, was oc- 
cupied by Mr. Rindge and his family, the lat- 
ter consisting of his widow, two sons and one 
daughter: Samuel, aged seventeen years; Fred- 
erick, aged fifteen years ; and Rhoda, aged 
twelve years. 

In closing this brief review of the life of 
one of Los Angeles' great men it is only fitting 
to recall the tributes paid to his memory by 
those who knew him best. His inheritance 
was much, for coming of the best New Eng- 
land stock there was much in his character to 
remind one of the beautiful simplicity, the 
sturdy independence, the rugged, unpreten- 
tious honesty and unswerving integrity in all 
things which went to make up the good Ameri- 
can citizen of fifty years ago. Engaged at 
all times in forwarding great movements and 
in a notable manner a man of affairs, he still 
realized that business was not all of life, but 
that the amenities between man and man were 
as great a matter as the transaction in hand. 
Every man, of high or low estate, felt his kind- 
liness of heart and responded impulsively to 
the hand of hospitality held out to them. His 
manhood stood out as something unquestioned, 
as something always understood, for as has 
been said of him the strong, forceful qualities 
of his character were inherent and were always 
prominent in his dealings with men. Such a 
man cannot die nor can never pass from the 
memory of man. His visible presence is lost 
for a little while, but the atmosphere created 
by his nobility of soul, his honesty of purpose 
and his honorable manhood will still be felt 
as a power toward better and higher things. 

HON. OSCAR LAWLER was born in Mar- 
shalltown, Iowa, April 2, 1875, a son of William 
T. and Margaret (O'Conner) Lawler. The 
father served in the Civil war in a New York 
regiment for three years and was wounded in 
battle. After the close of hostilities he removed 
from Dunkirk, N. Y., to Iowa and located in 
Marshalltown, thence in 18S6 came to Los An- 
geles, where he now resides with his wife. 

Mr. Lawler attended the public schools of 
Marshalltown until he came to Los Angeles in 
1888. In 1891 he became secretary to United 

521 1 


States Circuit (then District) Judge Erskine M. 
Ross, and while acting in that capacity studied 
law. being admitted to the bar in April. 1896. 
He at ..nee began the practice of hi- profession 
and has continued thus occupied to the present 
writing, the firm now being known as that of 
Lawler. Allen. Van Dyke & Jutten, with offices 
in the Equitable Savin-- Hank building. This 
firm has an extensive practice and is one of the 
strongest and most influential law firms of the 
city. In December, 1905, Mr. Lawler was ap- 
pointed by President Roosevelt to the office of 
United State- attorne) for the Southern District 

fornia, entering at once upon the discharge 
of hi- duties, which have since occupied a large 
part of hi- attention, lie takes a broad interest 
in all public affairs, is a Republican in politics 
and has taken an active part in the affairs of the 
party in Southern California. In 1904 he was 
chosen as delegate to the Republican Xational 
Convention held in Chicago, which nominated 
Theodore Roosevelt for president. 

The marriage of Mr. Lawler occurred in Los 
Angeles and united him with Miss Hilda Brode, a 
native daughter of this city, and they are now the 
parent- of two children. Charles B. and Helen 
Jane. In his fraternal relations Mr. Lawler is as- 

d with the Masonic organization, belonging 

I lati Lodge No. 290, F. & A. M., of which 

he i- past master; Signet Chapter X.'. ?~. R. A. 

M.: Los Angeles Commandery No. 9. K. T. ; and 

Al Malaikab Temple, V \. ( >. X. M. S. In ( )cto- 

06, in San Francisco he was chosen junior 
grand warden of the Grand Lodge of Califor- 
nia. IK- i< also identified with the Knights of 
Pythias. He i- a membei of the Chamber of 
Commerce, the Los Angeles Bar Association, the 
Municipal League, and socially is prominent in 
the Jonathan and Concordia Clubs. 

THADDEUS Li AYK. A name which will 
1 t<> live in the histor) of California as 
long a- the state itself has been made memor- 
able through the achievements of Thaddeu- S. (". 
Lowe, the father of our subject. -Hi- acl 
nient- in the scientific and engineering world 
have been a- extensive a- the) have been import- 
ant, but without doubl the crowning effort of his 
life was the building of the railroad from the 

base to the summit of Mount Lowe, in the Sierra 
Madre mountain-, and which was so named in 
his honor. He was born in Jefferson, X. H., 
August 20. 1832, and in the subscription schools 
of that place he laid the foundation for the 
wide knowledge which he possesses today. As a 
child he was an inveterate reader, and his great- 
est happiness consisted in delving into the hid- 
den deeps of scientific problems. When he was 
still a young man his genius was recognized, and 
was put to practical service during the Civil war 
through his invention of a system of signalling, 
and valuable instruments 'for atmospheric inves- 
tigation. While chief of the aeronautic corps 
during the w'ar he constructed and operated the 
largest aerostat ever built. He was also the in- 
ventor of the first artificial ice manufactured in 
the United States, which dates back to the year 
1865, and two years later he refrigerated the 
first steamship ( the William Taber of Xew 
York ) for the transportation of meats and food, 
a system which has transformed the whole phase 
of transporting perishable goods. Since 1888 
he has been a resident of Pasadena, Cal. 

A son of this distinguished resident of Pasa- 
dena is Thaddeus Lowe, vice-president and gen- 
eral manager of the California Coke and Gas 
Company, also holding these positions in the 
branch company known as the Valley Gas and 
Fuel Company. The business was organized in 
1902 and incorporated the same year with a cap- 
ital stock of $1,000,000. The present officers of 
the company are Horace M. Dobbins, president; 
Thaddeus Lowe, vice-president and general man- 
ager; D. J. Macpherson, secretary; and Caroline 
W. Dobbins, treasurer, all of the officers being 
residents of Pasadena and vicinity. The Valley 
1 '.a- and Fuel Company, which is an off-shoot of 
tlie parent company, are sellers and distributers of 
gas to the city of Pasadena, South Pasadena and 
Alhambra, while the Long Beach Gas Company, 
still another branch, furnishes gas to the city of 
Long Beach and vicinity. 

Thaddeus Lowe is a native of New Jersey, 
born February 18. 1870. and was educated prin- 
cipally in We-t Newton, Mass. In the year 1890 
he came to California and for several years was 
superintendent of the Pasadena Gas and Elec- 
tric Company. In addition to supplying gas to 
Pasadena ami the surrounding towns and vil- 

<*/ %ihn / Ul^-(AJXuA^j^U^^ 



lages the California Coke and Gas Company, with 
its branches, also manufacture and handle gas 
meters, gas ranges, gas heaters, regulators and 
all fixtures necessary to heating plants. The gas- 
generating plant of the company is located at 
Dolgeville. Air. Lowe's wide experience along 
the line in which he is engaged has made him 
conversant with all of its various departments, 
and it is but natural that he has experienced a 
phenomenal success. 

HOMER LAUGHLIN. The name of Homer 
Laughlin is synonymous with all that has stood 
for the highest development in the city of Los 
Angeles during the last decade, and to those who 
know him it speaks eloquently of the worth and 
works of the man. A true cosmopolitan, he is 
equally at home in the city of his adoption or the 
state of his birth, his loyalty to the one in no wise 
detracting from his loyalty to the other; his 
friends of the west, although of more recent ac- 
quisition, holding the same place in his regard 
as his friends of the east. Los Angeles is proud 
to claim him as a representative citizen and place 
his name in the list of those who have done most 
for the promotion of enterprises calculated to de- 
velop the resources of the city. 

Scotch-Irish ancestors have given to Mr. 
Laughlin the salient points of his character, the 
name being to-day a prominent one in western 
Pennsylvania and eastern Ohio. James Laugh- 
lin, the grandfather of Homer Laughlin, was born 
in Maryland, where he spent his young manhood, 
eventually removing to Pennsylvania, where his 
death occurred when past middle life. He was 
survived by his wife, formerly Nancy Johnson, 
a native of Pennsylvania, and who died in Ohio. 
In their family was a son, Matthew, who was 
born in Beaver county, Pa., March 31, 1799, and 
in the vicinity of his birthplace was reared to 
years of maturity. Inheriting the instinct which 
brought to American shores the first emigrating 
ancestor, he became a pioneer of Ohio in the days 
when the middle west was as unknown as the 
Pacific coast at the time of the discovery of gold 
in California. He was a man of strong business 
ability, high principles and the qualities which 
make the best type of citizen, and although he 
never enjoyed the advantages which belonged to 

the era of his children, yet he acquired a broad 
fund of information and a financial success in 
life. He was known for the period of forty-five 
years as postmaster, miller and merchant at 
Little Beaver, Columbiana county, Ohio, and 
finally he removed to East Liverpool, where his 
death occurred in 1876. His wife, formerly 
Maria Moore, was a native of Columbiana coun- 
ty, Ohio, her birth occurring in 1814. She sur- 
vived her husband and later went to Pittsburg, 
Pa., where she died June 19, 1888. Her father, 
Thomas Moore, was born in the vicinity of Bel- 
fast, Ireland, where he received an excellent edu- 
cation. Of an enterprising disposition he de- 
cided to seek a fortune in the western world and 
accordingly came to the United States. In the 
employ of the government as a civil engineer he 
was sent to Ohio when it formed a part of the 
Northwestern Territory. He continued to make 
that section his home until his death, which oc- 
curred in Columbiana county at the age of sixty- 
six years. He married in America Nancy Lyon, 
who was born in Beaver county, Pa., and died in 
Ohio at an advanced age. 

Homer Laughlin was born in Columbiana 
county, Ohio, March 23, 1843, an d in the vicin- 
ity of his home received a primary education in 
the common schools. Later his studies in the 
Neville Institute were interrupted by the call to 
arms for the maintenance of the Union. On the 
12th of July, 1862, he offered his services, en- 
listing in Company A, One Hundred and Fif- 
teenth Ohio Infantry, under Capt. H. R. Hill, 
and immediately accompanied his regiment to 
the front, remaining actively engaged until the 
close of the war. In Murfreesboro, Tenn., he 
was mustered out of service and received his 
final discharge in Cleveland, Ohio, July 7, 1865, 
after which he returned to his home and as- 
sumed once more the duties of civic life. Dur- 
ing the years which he had spent in the army 
he had passed from boyhood into manhood and 
thus his outlook upon life and its responsibilities 
had perceptibly changed. Following his dis- 
charge from the army he engaged in the oil 
regions of Pennsylvania in the boring of wells, 
putting down twelve in a little more than a year. 
Deciding then to take up active business life he 
went to New York City and together with a 
brother began the importation of china from 



England, which was disposed of here through 
a wholesale and retail trade. After three years 
he returned to I ihio and -till in partnership with 
his bn ther built the first white-ware pottery es- 
tablished in East Liverpool, Ohio, and together 
the two conducted their interests until 1877. He 
then purchased the entire business interests and 
since that time has carried on a constantly in- 
creasing trade under the name of the Homer 
Laughlin China Company. The demand for this 
ware has called for constant improvement in 
method and equipment and is now numbered 
among the important enterprises not alone in 
the city where it is located, but of the United 
Slate-, in that the product is shipped to every 
state in the Union. In 1876 he received the 
highest prize at the Centennial Exposition and 
in 1 S7<> hi- work was recognized at the Cincin- 
nati Exposition by the presentation of a gold 
medal, and in 1893 he was awarded three dip- 
lomas and a medal at the Columbian Exposition 
at Chicago, 111., for both plain and decorated 

The business experience of Mr. Laughlin has 
well fitted him to pass judgment upon the op- 
portunities presented by any section of the coun- 
try, and when in 1894 he purchased property in 
l.«i- Angeles it might well be considered a move- 
ment after thoughtful and mature deliberation. 
Subsequently event- have proven the wisdom 
of his choice and have brought to him large 
financial returns for the money invested in 
realty in this city. Three years later he estab- 
lished his home in Los Angeles and at that time 
zed a corporation known as the Homer 
Laughlin China Company to carry on that busi- 
East Liverpool, Ohio. In 1897 and 1898 
ted the magnificent structure known as 
tin Homer Laughlin building, located on Broad- 
way between Third and Fourth streets, which 
wa- tin- first fireproof building in Southern Cali- 
fornia and i- equipped with all modern con- 
venience-. Up to [905 the building was ade-' 
quate lor the demand- made upon that location, 
but in that year he built a re-in forced concrete 
which continues his building 
from Bn idwa} through to Hill street, and giv- 
ing him a depth oi three hundred and twenty- 
seven feet and a frontage of one hundred and 
twenty-one fed, both on Broadway and Hill 

street. This was the first building of its kind 
ever erected in Los Angeles and indeed on the 
Pacific coast, being entirely of re-inforced con- 
crete, faced with white enamel terra cotta, and 
absolutely fireproof. In addition to his building 
operations he has taken a prominent part in 
other enterprises, serving as director in the 
American National Bank and various organiza- 
tions. He served as a member of a committee 
of three to select and purchase a lot for the new 
Giamber of Commerce building, and this pur- 
pose accomplished he became a member of the 
building committee which erected the magnifi- 
cent structure now occupied by this department 
of the city's activities. 

Until her death the home of Mr. Laughlin was 
presided over by his wife, formerly Miss Cornelia 
Battenberg, a woman of gracious presence, cul- 
tured and refined, and a welcome addition to the 
social life of Los Angeles. Their union was 
blessed by the birth of two children. Homer, Jr., 
a chemical engineer and a graduate of Stanford 
University, and Guendolen Virginia. His home 
and interests in this city, Mr. Laughlin has given 
personal time and attention to the duties which 
he considered of vital importance in citizenship. 
Politically he upholds the principles of the Re- 
publican party and has always been a stanch sup- 
porter of this platform. He is known and held in 
the highest esteem by a large majority of the 
former and present day leaders of the party, dur- 
ing his long residence in Ohio numbering among 
his warmest friends the late William McKinley, 
an attachment which continued unabated up to 
the time of the latter's death. Mr. Laughlin was 
chairman of the reception committee when the 
late President McKinley. with his wife and cabi- 
net, visited Los Angeles, and while here were the 
guests of Mr. Laughlin. For several years he 
held the presidency of the Lmited States Potters' 
Association and for twelve years served as chair- 
man of the executive committee. In his fra- 
ternal relations Mr. Laughlin has been associated 
for many years with the Masonic organization, as 
a member of the Allegheny Commandery of 
Knights Templar visiting Europe in 1871 with a 
partly of forty representatives, known as the First 
1 irusaders. 

In summing up the life of Mr. Laughlin it 
would be impossible to close without brief men- 

^ '. * A^o-L^. 



tion of some of his personal characteristics, for it 
is through their exercise that he has won his high 
position financially and socially. A man of strong 
intelligence and mental power, he has still not 
allowed this to be the dominant force of his life, 
but with its cultivation has also developed a 
kindly personality, a ready and stanch friendship, 
and a citizenship whose influence for good is felt 
wherever his name is known. 

JOHN C. CLINE. One of the prominent 
citizens of Los Angeles and Southern Cali- 
fornia is John C. Cline, who has been identi- 
fied with the material growth and progress of 
this section since his first venture in young 
manhood. He is the descendant of an old 
Maryland family, his paternal grandfather, 
Casper Cline, being a native of that state and 
a large farmer and land-owner ; he was a cit- 
izen of worth and ability, holding a position 
in his home community by virtue of his many 
sterling traits of character. He served as cap- 
tain in the war of 1812 and otherwise partici- 
pated in public affairs to the benefit of the gen- 
eral community. He married Catherine, 
daughter of Col. Robert Evans, from whom 
our "Fighting Bob" is descended. This fam- 
ily came originally from Wales and were lo- 
cated for years on the Howard Woods tract 
of Baltimore, which is now embraced in the 
Druid Hill Park. Of the family of Casper 
Cline a son, George T., became a successful 
lumber manufacturer and millionaire landown- 
er of Chicago, where he died in 1906. Another 
son, John A., was born in Frederick. Md., an 
inheritance of his being the pioneer spirit 
which induced his Scotch-Irish ancestor to seek 
a home in America in an early day. for in 
1848 he set out to seek his fortune in newer 
lands. He went first to Australia and in Bal- 
larat engaged in mining for a time, then went 
to Melbourne and became proprietor of the 
Spreadeagle hotel, the largest concern of its 
kind in that city, and at the same time con- 
ducted a hotel in Ballarat, between which cities 
he ran the stage line. After quite a number 
of years spent in Australia, during which time 
he met with much success in his efforts, he re- 
turned to Maryland and thence, with his broth- 

er, George T. Cline, went to a point on Lake 
Michigan and engaged in the lumber business. 
He remained connected with this enterprise 
until 1869, when he placed his interests in his 
brother's hands and with his family came to 
Southern California with the intention of mak- 
ing the City of the Angels his permanent home. 
Here he lived in retirement until his death, 
which occurred in July, 1896. He was promi- 
nent in fraternal orders, being a member of the 
Odd Fellows organization and also the Knights 
of Pythias, while politically he was always 
a stanch advocate of Republican principles. 
He was a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church and was liberal in his support of all 
charitable movements. His wife was former- 
ly Agnes Neven, a native of Aberdeenshire, 
Scotland, and a daughter of William Neven, 
a large landed proprietor of Scotland, who was 
an extensive traveler both in the United States 
and Australia, it being in Melbourne of the lat- 
ter country that Mr. Cline met and married the 
daughter. She .is now making her home in 
Los Angeles. They became the parents of the 
following children : John C, of this review ; 
William H., George T. and Casper W., all 
three merchants of Los Angeles. 

John C. Cline was born in Ballarat, Austra- 
lia. May 2, i860, and shortly afterward was 
brought to America by his parents, who again 
located at their old home in Frederick, Md. 
From that place he accompanied them to the 
middle west, passed a brief time there, and then 
in 1869 came to Los Angeles, Cal. where he 
has ever since remained. He received a pre- 
liminary education through the medium of the 
public schools, and after graduating from the 
high school completed a course at La Fetras 
Business College. His first work was on a 
railroad survey corps under Chalmer Scott for 
the Southern Pacific Railroad Company be- 
tween Yuma and Port Ysabel, Mexico, and up- 
on his return from this trip he was appointed 
deputy by city surveyor Hansen. Later he 
served as deputy county assessor, and in 1883 
was elected township constable, and at the 
close of this term was appointed deputy sher- 
iff under Sheriff Kays, a position which he held 
for six years. In 1892 he was elected sheriff 
of Los Angeles county by a large majority and 



against the concentrated Democratic forces. 
This office he held from January. 1893, to Jan- 
uary. 1895, discharging the duties devolving 
upon him with credit to himself and to his 

Having always ^cen identified with the Re- 
publican party from the time when Republicans 
were in a hopeless minority. Mr. Cline was the 
original McKinley organizer in the state, be- 
ginning his work in the Sixth and Seventh 
congressional districts a year and a half before 
the general campaign was begun. In 1896 he 
was sent as a delegate to the state convention, 
where he did effective work for the party's in- 
terests. In 1899 he received the appointment 
9f collector of customs for the district of Los 
Angeles, which contains three ports of entry. 
Port Los Angeles, San Pedro and Santa Bar- 
bara, which means a large and important bus- 
iness to look after. The thorough knowledge 
of the territory embraced in the district as well 
as the excellent business training which Mr. 
Cline was able to bring to bear in his new oc- 
cupation proved of invaluable service to him 
and gave him the success in this line which 
had attended all his other efforts. His re-ap- 
pointment four years later by President Roose- 
velt was heartily endorsed by both business 
and political men of Southern California, who 
had come to appreciate highly the ability of 
Mr. Cline, and his thoroughness and painstak- 
ing care demonstrated in his business. At the 
close of his second term Mr. Cline retired from 
the office. 

Mr. Cline has always been much interested 
in the growth and development of Los Angeles, 
and has aided materially in its upbuilding. He 
owns valuable property here, which he has 
improved. In this city. October 12, 1885, he 
married Miss Margaret Terry, a native of La- 
fayette. Ind., and they are the parents of two 
children. J. Banning and Harry W. Mrs. 
• line is a daughter of George and Louisa 
(Stout) Terry, the father a descendant of the 
Terry and Mills families of New Orleans, La., 
who later became early settlers of Indiana. 
Terry's grandfather had a factory run 
1 power for the manufacture of large 
'■grandfather" cabinet clocks, made with wood- 
en wheels, of which he was the inventor and 

the first builder in this country. The Stout 
family were originally from New Jersey, and 
they too became early settlers in Indiana. 

In the midst of his busy career Mr. Cline 
has still found time to ally himself with frater- 
nal organizations, being a member of Los An- 
geles Lodge No. 42, F. & A. M., Los Angeles 
Consistory, and Al Malaikah Temple, A. A. O. 
N. M. S. It was Mr. Cline who added to the 
success of the annual Fiesta by his organiza- 
tion of the first club of Cabaleros, which is now 
a feature of the parade each year. At the time 
of President McKinley's visit to Los Angeles 
in 1901 he acted as grand marshal of the Fiesta 
parade, was grand marshal of the Free Harbor 
Jubilee, and also of the Fiesta parade at the 
time of President Roosevelt's visit in 1903. 
He was a leader in the organization known as 
"Teddy's Terrors," a political club, and remains 
an active member of the same, while he is oth- 
erwise active in political movements. He is a 
citizen who justly merits the high esteem in 
which he is held, whose personal efforts have 
always been for the upbuilding of the place, 
and whose public and private life have con- 
tributed to the best in American citizenship. 

JUAN B. BANDINI, second son of Don 
Juan, was born at San Diego in 1833. While 
yet a lad he was for several years in the service 
of the American Merchant Marine. At the age 
of sixteen he came to Los Angeles, entering the 
office of his brother-in-law, Don Abel Stearns, 
as clerk. Later he became manager of his fath- 
er's property in Lower California. During the 
Civil war Mr. Bandini was a soldier of the 
Union. He was lieutenant of Company B, First 
California Cavalry, serving in his own state and 
in Arizona for eighteen months, when he was 
honorably discharged. After his sister Arcadia, 
Mrs. Baker, became for a second time a widow 
he took charge of her large interests at Santa 
Monica, where he lived until his death, which 
occurred in August, 1905. 

Mr. Bandini was twice married. His first 
wife was Esperanza, daughter of Jose Diego 
Sepulveda, a prominent and wealthy member of 
a family renowned for its great possessions. The 
children from this marriage were two daughters, 



who became noted belles of Los Angeles. Ar- 
cadia, the elder, married John T. Gaffey of Los 
Angeles. Dolores, the younger sister, by her 
marriage with Russel Ward, entered a prominent 
English family, the Wards of London, which 
have produced many persons of note in artistic 
and literary circles. Mrs. Ward is now a widow 
with two children. Her only son, Cecil Mon- 
tague, entered the English navy while quite a lad, 
and at the writing of this sketch is sub-lieutenant 
on the flag ship Triumph of the Channel fleet. 
Mrs. Ward and Mrs. Gaffey each possess a com- 
fortable inheritance from the wide acres of their 
mother's family. They are gracious, accom- 
plished women, loved and honored by all who 
know them. Some time after the death of his 
first wife Mr. Bandini married Miss Caroline 
Moreno of San Diego. She died in 1874. 

Juan B. Bandini was a valued member of the 
society of Elks ; he was a man of charming man- 
ners, deeply beloved by a wide circle of friends. 

years of an eventful career found their 
fulfillment in the life of one of Los Angeles' 
old pioneers — William Hayes Perry, whose in- 
herited traits of character led him not only to 
seek his fortunes among the less tried oppor- 
tunities of a new country, but to establish a 
home and surround it with all the refining and 
uplifting influences which accompany prog- 
ress and development. His parents were pio- 
neer settlers of Ohio, where they endured the 
privations and hardships incident to life in a 
new country, establishing a home and giving 
of the best of their efforts in the development 
of the commonwealth. Their son, William 
Hayes Perry, born in Newark, Ohio, October 
17, 1832, was reared among the primitive sur- 
roundings of a pioneer home, in the midst of 
whose duties he attended the rude school in 
pursuit of whatever education it was possible 
for him to procure. Following the custom of 
the early days he became an apprentice in 
youth and learned the trade of cabinet-maker, 
which occupation was interrupted by the ac- 
complishment of his desire to try his fortunes 
in the land but shortly before made famous by 
the discovery of gold. In 1853, immediately 

following his majority, he joined a party of 
about fifty men and women made up at Coun- 
cil Bluffs, Iowa, and with them began the us- 
ual perilous journey whose destination was, 
"the land of sunshine and flowers." The party 
had with them a large band of cattle, sheep 
and horses (Colonel Hollister, of Santa Bar- 
bara, bringing back with him to the coast a 
large number of stock), and this presented 
quite a temptation to the Indians, who con- 
stantly attacked them. Not until February, 
1854, did the party finally reach Los Angeles. 
The first employment of Mr. Perry in the 
then small city of Los Angeles was at his 
trade of cabinet-maker and in this work he 
managed to accumulate some means. After 
one year occupied thus he opened the first fur- 
niture store and factory of the town, in part- 
nership with an acquaintance, the firm name 
being Perry & Brady. Enterprise and ability 
were the only requisites of the business, as 
there was no competition demanding a display 
of capital. The firm grew in importance, and 
after the death of Mr. Brady in 1858 the late 
Wallace Woodworth purchased an interest in 
the business, which was then known under 
the name of Perry & Woodworth ; in 1864 S. 
H. Mott purchased an interest in the business 
and they were henceforth known as Perry, 
Woodworth & Co. The original business of 
the firm was the manufacture and sale of 
furniture, but other interests later became a 
part of the organization. In 1865 Mr. Perry, 
through Captain Clark, applied for a franchise 
to furnish gas for the city, and combining 
with others built the works and began the 
manufacture. In 1873 the firm of Perry, 
Woodworth & Co. changed from the manu- 
facture of furniture and the cabinet business 
to dealing in lumber, mouldings, doors, sash, 
blinds, builders* hardware and finishing sup- 
plies of all kinds. With the growth of the 
city and the demands upon their business, the 
plant was enlarged and constantly improved 
with all modern devices in machinery and gen- 
eral equipment. Their plant was located on 
Commercial street, extending through to Re- 
quena street, where they built a branch 
of the Southern Pacific Railroad for the ac- 
commodation of their interests. This plant 



was put up in 1899, the original building- hav- 
11 destroyed by fire. The death of Mr. 

\\ hvorth occurred in 1883, after which the 

business was incorporated as the W. II. Perry 
Lumber & Mill Company, and this today is 
one of the strongest firms of its kind on the 
Pacific coast. They own timber lands in va- 
rious places along the coast, logging camps, 
sawmills, vessels, wharves, spur tracks to the 
railroads, and handle the lumber from the tree 
to the structure into which the finished product 
goes. This has brought to the company prof- 
its undivided by successful competition, and 
has also proved a wonderful power in the work 
of development of the Pacific coast country. 
Mong this same line of business Mr. Perry or- 
ganized the Los Angeles and Humboldt Lum- 
ber Company, of San Pedro, with the object of 
sending lumber to all points in Arizona ; and 
also the Pioneer Lumber and Mill Company, 
of Colton, near this city, to supply the coun- 
try adjacent to that point. The Los Angeles 
Storage Cement and Lumber Company, which 
supplies to builders of Los Angeles lime, plas- 
ter, fire-brick, cement, hair and other materials 
used on buildings, is another corporation in 
whose organization he was the most prominent 
factor and the controlling element. 

Mr. Perry's identification with the business 
enterprises of Los Angeles was such in 
the past years that scarcely an improvement 
or mark of development missed the mas- 
terful touch of his hand. In 1868 the waters 
of the Los Angeles river had been leased to a 
company with the privilege of laying pipes in 
the streets of the city and supplying water to 
the citizens. The company did not meet with 
the success it had anticipated and after eleven 
years had not succeeded in establishing a 
sound financial basis. At that time (1879), 
Mr. Perry was elected president and general 
ger of the company, and continued to 
act in that capacity until the sale was made 
to the city. Seeing that the supply would 
not equal the demand he purchased 
three other small companies, becoming presi- 
dent and manager of them as well. Under 
his able supervision the stockholders retired 
from the water company very rich men. 

Mr. Terry was, perhaps, associated as presi- 

dent and director of more companies than any 
other one man of Los Angeles, his many busi- 
ness interests constantly calling upon him for 
the benefit of his experience. In banking cir- 
cles he was eminently prominent in South- 
ern California, serving as a director in the 
Farmers' & Merchants' Bank of Los Angeles, 
with which institution he became connected 
at an early date in its history, contributing 
materially to its substantial growth and pros- 
perity. He was a stockholder in the Ameri- 
can National Bank of this city, and likewise 
identified with the Nevada Bank and the Union 
Trust Company, of San Francisco. Besides 
being president of the W. H. Perry Lumber 
& .Mill Company, he was president of the Pio- 
neer Lumber & Mill Company: president and 
director of the Southern California Pipe & 
Clay Company ; while he formerly served as 
president of the Cosmopolis Mill & Trading 
Company, of Grays Harbor, Wash. He was a 
stockholder in the Charles Nelson Shipping 
Company, of San Francisco, which has large 
timber, mill and railroad interests in. Hum- 
boldt county ; in the Vallejo & Napa Elec- 
tric Railroad ; the Gas Consumers' Associa- 
tion and the National Electric Company, both 
of San Francisco; the Bard Oil & Asphalt 
Company ; the Olinda Crude Oil Company ; 
the Western Union Oil Company, of Santa 
Barbara ; and was formerly in the Reed Oil 
Company, of Kern county. He was one of 
the original stockholders in the Home Tele- 
phone Company, of Los Angeles. Although 
so constantly occupied every enterprise with 
which he was connected has profited largely 
by his unusual business ability and wide ex- 
perience. He was largely interested in real es- 
tate in Los Angeles, his faith in the permanent 
prosperity and growth of this city being un- 
bounded and surely justified in the light of his 

The home life of Mr. Perry was not the least 
of a successful career, for it is one thing to 
found a fortune and another to establish a 
home and rear a family that shall add honor to 
the name. In 1858 he was united in marriage 
with Miss Elizabeth M. Dalton, the daugh- 
ter of a pioneer of Los Angeles, and herself 
one of the courageous, self-sacrificing women 



who faced the hardships of the frontier life. 
Side by side they walked together when the 
road was rough, youth, courage and confi- 
dence promising them something that the 
future held for them. After a happy married 
life of nearly a half century the bond was brok- 
en by the death of Mr. Perry October 30, 1906. 
Six children blessed their union, of whom one 
son and two daughters are living: Charles 
Frederick is located in Washington and is en- 
gaged in the lumber business ; Mary Barker be- 
came the wife of C. M. Wood ; and Florence, 
the wife of E. P. Johnson, Jr., both being resi- 
dents of Los Angeles, and with their mother 
are prominent in the select social circles of 
the city. The eldest daughter, Mrs. Wood, 
is one of the most accomplished musicians 
of Los Angeles, having received her educa- 
tion in Milan, under the tuition of Anton 
Sangiovanni, one of the most noted instruc- 
tors of that city. She made her debut in 
Milan and during her engagement there made 
a favorable impression on the musical world. 
Mr. and Mrs. Perry had nine grandchildren 
in whose lives their own youth was renewed. 
Mrs. Wood's children are named in order of 
birth as follows: Elizabeth Marie, Florence 
Perry, William Perry and Mona Chapman ; 
those of Mrs. Johnson, Katherine, Robert, 
Margaret, Eleanor and Edward P. 

The characteristic traits of Mr. Perry which 
helped bring about his financial success 
also made their impress upon his personality. 
By inheritance he was endowed with many of 
the qualities which make a successful fron- 
tiersman — personal fearlessness, a cheerful 
optimism in the face of reverses, a spirit of 
conscious ability and perseverance — and these 
have proven potent factors in his career. In 
the early days of the state he was foremost 
among the citizens in preserving good gov- 
ernment and peace, it being necessary to 
guard the families from the lawless Mexican 
element. Many times he had occasion to wish 
himself out of the country, but with the per- 
sistence characteristic of his entire career he 
remained a helpful element in the troublous 
times and with the passing years mounted 
to a position of prosperity in a manner well 
worthy of emulation bv the Younger genera- 

tion. He had taken time to ally himself with 
the Masonic organization, being a member of 
the blue lodge, chapter and commandery, and 
was a Thirty-second degree, Scottish Rite Ma- 
son. When he arrived in Los Angeles, now 
a little more than a half century since, he was 
penniless, friendless and alone. The journey 
had been a hardship, having worn out his 
shoes by constant walking and his only clothes 
were in rags, and he was thus left without 
sufficient clothing in which to make applica- 
tion for work : he therefore sought the only 
way open to him by going to a clothier and 
asking him for a suit of clothes on credit. He 
was trusted, and he let that lesson sink deep 
into his life, giving to others the faith that 
was given to him, and extending a helping 
hand to many who would have sunk to utter 
failure and insignificance but for the help 
which he gave at the time most needed. The 
position given Mr. Perry was not his alone as 
a man of business ability, but as a liberal and 
loyal citizen, an honorable man and a stanch 
friend. His death October 30. 1906, removed 
one of California's great and honored pioneers. 

JOHN M. CARS* IN. So closely associated in 
the historv of Southern California are the names 
of Carson and Dominguez, that to mention one 
is to call the other vividly to mind. The latter 
carries one back to the period when Los Angeles 
county was divided into a few great ranches, the 
proprietors of which were much like the patri- 
archs of old, — at the head of almost an army of 
servants — a necessity in caring for the vast flocks 
and herds, which were driven long distances at 
certain seasons of the year for water and pastur- 
age. Those days of long ago furnished Cali- 
fornia with a romance especially her own. fitting 
reminders of which are seen in the fine, though 
now crumbling missions. As early as 1795 there 
were five ranchos in private possession, held un- 
der provisional grants, and among these the third 
in size and importance was the famous San Pedro 
or Dominguez rancho, occupied by Juan Jose 
Dominguez with about one thousand head of cat- 
tle, under permission given by Governor Fages. 
After the death of the original occupant the 
rancho, which comprised ten and one-half leagues 



of land, was granted by Governor Pablo de Sola, 
December 31, 1822, to Sergeant Cristobal Dom- 
inguez, a- nephew ami heir of Juan Jose. The 
of Don Cristobal three years later brought 
another change in ownership, the estate then fall- 
ing to bis son Manuel, then a young man of about 
twenty-two years of age. Of excellent repute 
and a man of large influence, it was only natural 
that lie should figure prominently in the public 
life of the period, one of the most stirring and 
tragic epochs in the history of the state, during 
which time Spanish rule gave place to Mexican 

In 1828 Manuel Dominguez was elected and 
served as a member of the "Illustrious Ayunta- 
miento of the city of Los Angeles." and the fol- 
lowing year was elected a delegate to nominate 
the representative to the Mexican congress. In 
1832 he was made first alcalde and judge of the 
first instance for the city of Los Angeles; in 
[833-34 was elected territorial representative for 
I .. 1- Angeles county, in the latter year being called 
to a conference at Monterey. During 1839 he 
was elected second alcalde of the city of Los 
Angeles, and in May of 1843 be was elected 
prefect of the second district of California. It 
was during the same year that two military com- 
panies were formed for the defense of the county 
and of one of these he was made captain, but 
upon the suppression of the office the year follow- 
ing he returned to private life. He was not long 
permitted to enjoy this privilege, however, for 
in 184c; he was elected a delegate to the first con- 
stitutional convention which assembled at Mon- 
nd winch formulated the first constitution 
ilifornia. In [852 he was elected super- 
visor of the county, in this as in all previous posi- 
tions acquitting himself nobly and retiring there- 
after to private life, followed b) the love and 
respect of the many who had been brought in 
daily contact with him during his public career. 
Many positions of importance were offered and 
even pressed upon him, hut he steadily refused 
their acceptance, as his private affairs by this 
time had assumed such proportions as to require 
his whole attention. In 1855 the San Pedro 
rancho was portioned between himself, his broth- 
er Don Pedro, and his nephews, Jose Antonio 
Aguirre and Jacinto Roeha, his own portion com- 
prising tw< m five thousand acres, which included 

Rattlesnake Island in San Pedro bay. On this 
property be made his home the remainder of his 
life, which came to a close October 11, 1882, at 
the age of seventy-nine years. For a number of 
years prior to bis death he was almost blind, but 
instead of casting a gloom over his life the mis- 
fortune seemed rather to bring out more distinct- 
iv the fine and noble qualities of his nature. Well 
educated, intelligent and widely read, he was a 
man of unimpeachable character, and was a fine 
type of the old Spanish gentleman, and at the 
same time a true-hearted American citizen. In 
1827 he married Maria Alta Gracia Cota, a 
daughter of Don Guillermo Cota, who served as 
a commissioner under the Mexican government. 
His death in 1882 broke a relationship which had 
existed for fifty-five years, and as they bad been 
united in their aims and ambitions in life, they 
were not 'long separated in death, her demise oc- 
curring the following year, March 16. Of the 
ten children who blessed their marriage, six 
daughters were living at the time of the mother's 
death, and among them the large parental estate 
was divided, Victoria Dominguez, among the 
others, receiving four thousand acres of the old 
San Pedro rancho. 

The union of the Dominguez and Carson fam- 
ilies dates back to July 30, 1857, when Miss 
Victoria Dominguez became the wife of George 
Carson, the representative of an old eastern fam- 
ily, but a resident of California for over half a 
century. Born in Jordan, X. Y., March 3. 1832, 
he was a son of John and Sophia (Cady) Carson, 
both also natives of the Empire state. When 
George Carson was a lad of twelve years, in 1844, 
the family removed to the middle west, settling in 
St. Charles. 111. During the war between Mexico 
and the United States he enlisted in Colonel New- 
berry's regiment, serving until the close of the 
conflict and receiving bis discharge at Santa Fe. 
X. Mex. Thereafter he remained in both Xew and 
Old Mexico for a number of years, coming to 
Los Angeles in the year 1853. In partnership 
with a Mr. Sanford he established a hardware 
business on Commercial street in this city which 
was a credit alike to the proprietors and Los An- 
geles, hut at the end of nine years the partnership 
was dissolved. Mr. Carson thereafter giving his 
attention to the management of the large estate 
to which his wife bad fallen heir. Continuing the 



policy which had prevailed for so many decades, 
he, too, became an extensive stock raiser, giving 
the ranch his entire personal attention through- 
out the remainder of his life, which came to a 
close there November 20, 1901. Fraternally he 
was a Mason. His widow is still living and 
makes her home on the estate which has been 
handed down from her forefathers from one 
generation to another. A plan has been proposed 
to restore the old adobe house formerly the home 
of Manuel Dominguez to its old-time splendor. 
In order to preserve the lineaments the whole 
structure is lined with brick and concrete, making 
it even more substantial than when originally 
bui't, and it is the intention of the heirs to leave 
this as a home for coming generations. 

Born of the marriage of George Carson and 
Victoria Dominguez are ten living children, of 
whom John M., the subject of this sketch, is the 
oldest son, his birth occurring in the family home 
in Los Angeles at the corner of Second and Main 
streets, April 12, 1862. After attending the pub- 
lic schools of this city he took a course in Santa 
Clara College, acquitting himself with honors. 
When his school and college days were over he 
returned home and assisted his father in the care 
and management of the ranch, later running a 
part of the ranch on his own account. The death 
of his father, however, placed the entire ranch 
under his care, a responsibility which his previous 
years of training had well qualified him to as- 
sume. Of later years the Pacific Electric Rail- 
way has been constructed from Los Angeles to 
Long Beach, passing the San Pedro rancho. A 
station on the line of the road at this place has 
received the name of Carson in honor of the 
present occupant and his father. 

John M. Carson was married in San Francisco 
November 24, 1891, with Miss Kate Smythe, a 
native of that city, where the family had been 
represented for many generations. Four children 
have been born to Mr. Carson and his wife, John 
Victor, George Earl, Valerie S. and Gladys G. 
Mr. Carson is affiliated with a number of frater- 
nal societies, among them the Knights of the 
Maccabees and the Royal Arcanum, besides which 
he is a prominent member and worker in the 
Chamber of Commerce of this city. Pride of 
family has ever been a marked characteristic of 
the Dominguez blood wherever found, and is 

being nobly sustained in the present generation 
by John M. Carson, who now has charge of the 
ancestral ranch. 

represented by William H. Workman boasts 
an ancestry which has given to its descendants 
sturdy qualities of manhood and insured the 
success of their careers. The paternal grand- 
father, Thomas Workman, was a native of 
England and a prominent yeoman of West- 
moreland county ; the maternal grandfather, 
John Hook, inheriting from German ancestry 
a strong character, was born in Fincastle, Va., 
and served under General Washington in the 
Revolutionary war. His wife was Elizabeth 
Cook, a relative of the distinguished traveler 
of that name. As early as 1819 the Hook 
family located in Missouri, which was then 
the frontier, where the Indians preyed upon 
the settlers and constantly threatened their 
lives and property. It required courage to 
face these dangers and ability to establish a 
home in the midst of the wilderness. David 
Workman, the father of William H, married 
Nancy Hook, and born of this union were three 
sons, of whom the eldest, Thomas H., was 
killed by the explosion of the steamer Ada 
Hancock, in Wilmington Harbor, April 27, 
1863. The second son, Elijah H, settled at 
Boyle Heights; while the third, William H., 
is the subject of this review. 

He was born in New Franklin, Howard 
county, Mo., in 1839, and accompanied his 
parents to California, the family crossing the 
plains with ox-teams in 1854, taking six 
months to make the trip. This was the third 
trip of the father, who had just returned east 
to bring his wife and children to the Pacific 
coast. He came first in 1849 to seek his for- 
tunes in the mines ; returned home, then in 
1852 came back to the state and again in 1854. 
His brother William came as a trapper from 
Santa Fe with John Rowland, and while on a 
visit to this brother he conceived the idea 
from him to bring his sons to this state and 
enable them to start in life and make a home 
in California, and make "men of his boys," 
this suggestion coming from his brother 



Their first location upon their arrival in the 
state was in Los Angeles, making the trip 
through the mining section of Northern Cali- 
fornia, whence they came by boat to this city. 
Previous to his location in the west William 
11. Workman had attended the public schools 
in Boonville. Mo., where he obtained an ele- 
mentary education, after which he pursued a 
course at F. T. Kemper's Collegiate Institute, 
and later learned the printer's trade with the 
Boonville Observer. Following his settlement 
in Los Angeles he followed this trade in the 
office of the Southern Califoniian, which was 
published by Butts & Wheeler, on the corner 
of Court and Spring streets, in a corrugated 
iron building brought from England by Hen- 
ry Dalton, the owner of the Azusa ranch. 
Later he worked in the office of the Los An- 
geles Star, located on Spring street opposite 
the Temple block. After a brief time spent 
in this position he clerked for a time, then 
accepted the offer of employment to carry 
messages on horseback between Los Angeles 
and San Bernardino for the Banning Trans- 
portation Company. These were the early 
days of the state and the very beginning of a 
civilization which should one day place Cali- 
fornia on a par with all other states of the 
Union; but at that time the country was 
sparsely settled, hardships were the lot of the 
many and only the far-sighted pioneer could 
look to a future beyond his primitive surround- 
ings. In the early years of his manhood Mr. 
Workman engaged with his brother, Elijah 
11.. in the establishment and management of 
a harness and saddlery business, and from a 
modest beginning this grew into a lucrative 
and important enterprise which continued suc- 
cessfully for twenty-one years. 

In the meantime, in 1867, Mr. Workman 
married Miss .Maria E. Boyle, the only child 
of Andrew Boyle, the first settler of Boyle 
Heights. His old brick house, built in 1858, 
still standing as a historical landmark of the 
East side, is being preserved by Mr. Work- 
man. Although at this time he was identified 
with rerd estate transactions in Los Angeles 
his interests naturally became centered in 
Boyle Heights, ami through his efforts was 
■1 much of tin- improvement of this sec- 

tion of the city. To induce settlement Mr. 
Workman built a carline (the second line in 
the city) on Aliso street and Pleasant avenue; 
in 1886 he built the First street line and after- 
wards was instrumental in building one on 
Fourth street, extending through Boyle 
Heights and then on Cummings, and though 
at first it was operated by mule-teams once 
every hour it afforded ample transportation. 
A later enterprise required an expenditure of 
$30,000 as a bonus on the part of Mr. Work- 
man to assist the traction company to connect 
Los Angeles with the south side of Boyle 
Heights through on Fourth street, he having 
to secure the right of way, which with the 
cutting down of the street took two years. 
In numerous other ways he also sought to 
improve the locality, in conjunction with Mrs. 
Hollenbcck, Mr. Workman donating two- 
thirds of the land for that which is now known 
as Hollenbeck Park, the two later giving it 
to the city. 

With the passing years Mr. Workman had 
also assumed a place of importance in the 
public affairs of Los Angeles and was called 
upon to fill many offices of trust and respon- 
sibility. As a Democrat in his political affili- 
ations he occupied a prominent place in the 
councils of his party, and in 1873 was nomi- 
nated for the legislature. Being anti-monoply 
he was defeated in the election that followed. 
As a member of the city council for several 
terms he was instrumental in bringing about 
needed reforms, and in 1887 and 1888 served 
acceptably as mayor of the city, giving an 
earnest and conscientious fulfillment of duty 
which won for him the commendation of all 
parties. This being in the year of the great 
boom when property ran to such incalculable 
heights in value, Mr. Workman's strict ad- 
herence to his official duties and the conse- 
quent neglect of his personal interests is all 
the more commendable. In 1900 he was elect- 
ed city treasurer by a majority of one hun- 
dred and thirty votes and again proved his 
efficiency in official position ; two years later 
he was enthusiastically re-elected by a major- 
ity of three thousand votes, and upon the ex- 
piration of his term was elected a third time 
by twenty-three hundred majority. This be- 




ing the year of the Republican landslide shows 
more fully the esteem in which he is held by 
the citizens of Los Angeles. During his term 
of service the grand jury took up the matter 
of keeping money in various banks of the city, 
the city not owning a vault. This being 
against the law Mr. Workman had to provide 
for the occasion and he did so by hiring 
guards and a vault for the protection of the 
money. Although this movement withdrew 
from circulation over $2,500,000 it proved no 
detriment to business interests. Mr. Work- 
man was one of the stanch advocates of the 
scheme for bonding the city for $2,000,000 in 
order to secure funds for the purchase of a 
water plant, and with the city attorney, W. 
B. Mathews, went east to float the bonds, but 
on account of the low rate of interest — three 
and three-fourths per cent — encountered many 
difficulties in disposing of them. They final- 
ly succeeded, however, in New York City, 
and this movement proved very advantageous 
in the growth and development of Los An- 
geles. After retiring from the office of city 
treasurer he assisted in organizing the Ameri- 
can Savings Bank, of which he is now presi- 
dent. As a charter member and first vice- 
president of the Los Angeles Chamber of 
Commerce Mr. Workman has always main- 
tained a prominent place in the advancement 
of this organization. Fraternally he is a 
Mason, having been made a member in 1861 
and holds membership in the Los Angeles 
Lodge and Chapter. 

Mr. Workman has been versatile in his tal- 
ents and accomplishments. He has made his 
own way since the early years of boyhood 
and has won his way step by step to a position 
of honor among the representative citizens of 
Southern California. He has established a 
home and reared a family of children of whom 
any parent might well be proud. His chil- 
dren, three sons and four daughters, Boyle, 
Mary, Elizabeth. William H., Jr., Charlotte, 
Gertrude and Thomas E., appreciate fully their 
father's standing as a prominent citizen of 
their native city. The family home at No. 
357 South Boyle avenue is in the center of a 
well-kept lawn, spacious grounds, and there 
their friends are always welcome and the 

stranger given the warm hand of fellowship. 
Mrs. Workman presides over the home with 
a quiet dignity and has reared their children 
to ways of usefulness. 

Mr. Workman is a pioneer and is justly 
proud of his connection with the Pioneer As- 
sociation of Los Angeles County and the His- 
torical Society of Southern California, the 
former of which he was instrumental in or- 
ganizing. He has served as its president three 
terms and has always taken a deep interest in 
the preservation of early historical data. He 
recalls the days when a vineyard occupied the 
ground now a part of the railroad terminals 
of the city ; in the early '70s he was a member 
of the board of education and assisted in hav- 
ing the first high school building erected in 
the city, where the present courthouse stands, 
since which time he has taken a never failing 
interest in the advancement of educational 
standards. He has contributed liberally to- 
ward all movements calculated for the growth 
of the city, having given lots for the building 
of five different churches regardless of de- 
nomination, and supports all charitable enter- 
prises with equal liberality. To young and 
old he is "Uncle Billy." To celebrate his 
fiftieth anniversary as a citizen of Los Angeles 
he banqueted five hundred pioneers and served 
them with a Mexican menu from which to se- 
lect their favorite dish, in memory of the early 
customs of Southern California. The event 
marked an epoch in the history oi our beau- 
tiful southern city. Mr. Workman has truly 
won a place of exceptional prominence in the 
citizenship of Los Angeles, where he has been 
actively associated in business for many years. 
It has been said of him by those who know 
him best that he is generous to a fault, pos- 
sesses the confidence of the people, and no 
man in Los Angeles stands higher in the es- 
timation of the representative men. He has 
not been entirely free from reverses, but at 
the same time has ably managed his affairs 
and these entrusted to him : conscientiously 
discharged the duties of the offices to which 
he has been elected, often to the detriment of 
his personal affairs. In the evening of his 
days he can look back upon a life well spent 



and forward without fear to whatever future 
awaits him, for he has lived in all conscience 
for and toward the right. 

in his kind of work, Charles Sumner Greene, 
the Pasadena architect, was born October 12, 
1868, in Cincinnati. Ohio. His father, T. Sum- 
ner Greene, M. D.. also a native of that city, 
was descended from the same stock as Gen. 
Nathaniel Greene, of Revolutionary fame. His 
mother, Lelia A. Greene, nee Mather, is de- 
scended from Rev. Cotton .Mather. Dr. Greene 
served four years in the Civil war. He entered 
as a private, but reached the rank of captain 
before the close of the war. It was in the South 
after the war that he met and married Miss 
Mather, who was at the time visiting relatives 
in Louisiana. Fourteen years after his marriage 
he commenced the study of medicine and after 
completing his college course he began to prac- 
tice in Cincinnati. Later he moved to St. Louis, 
Mo., where after a few years he succeeded very 
well in his profession. 

It was here that Charles Sumner Greene re- 
ceived his primary education in the public schools 
and afterwards took the course at the manual 
training school of Washington University. In 
1889 he was sent to Boston to enter the Massa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology. After finish- 
ing his course there he began work with a Boston 
firm of architects. He remained in that city 
several years and was connected with a number 
of noted men of the profession, among them H. 
Langford Warren, R. Oipston Sturgis, and 
Winslow ami Wetherell. 

In 1891 Dr. Greene came to California for 
the benefit of his wife's health, and two years 
later he induced his two sons, Charles Sumner 
ami Henry Mather Greene, to settle here. In 
1893, in partnership with his brother, Mr. Greene 
1 a modest little office in Pasadena and 
began to practice his profession. For the fol- 
lowing -even years he found but little encourage- 
ment. Year after year he battled and lost, but 
canu- off the richer in experience and still true 
to hi. ideals. In 1001 the office was moved to 
Los Angeles, but he still continued to be called 

the Pasadena architect. In February of this 
same year he was married to Miss Alice Gordon 
White, of Pasadena, formerly of England. One 
month later they set sail for London, where Mr. 
Greene spent some time in studying the later 
art movements. Before returning home he vis- 
ited France and Italy. 

A new inspiration, gathered from the broaden- 
ing influences of travel, was at once felt and 
soon brought success. The sympathy he so long 
sought began at last to make it possible to realize 
some measure of his ideal in house building for 
the home. It is this great vital theme that con- 
cerns the welfare and happiness of the nation. 
To him it is the one great interest. In his own 
words this is how he explains his attitude to 
man and art: 

"I am an American. I want to know the 
American people of today and the things of 
today. It is my earnest endeavor to understand 
the lives of men and women ; then perhaps I may 
be able to express their needs architecturally. I 
seek till I find what is truly useful and then L 
try to make it beautiful. I believe that this can 
not be done by copying old works, no matter how 
beautiful they may seem to us now. When con- 
fronted with the actual facts I have not found 
the man or woman who would choose to live in 
the architectural junk of ages gone. The Romans 
made Rome and the Americans — well ! — they are 
making America. Who could live in a house 
of two hundred years ago and be happy if we 
had to conform to all the conditions of today? 
How in the name of reason, then, can we copy 
things two thousand years old? Is the Paris 
opera house built onto the front of a railway 
station or a Greek temple plastered over the en- 
trance to an office building good art? One is 
apt to seize the fact for the principle today and 
ignore the very lesson time should teach. The 
old things are good, they are noble in their 
place ; then let our perverted fingers leave them 

"Let us begin all over again. We have got 
to have bricks and stone and wood and plaster; 
common, homely, cheap materials, every one of 
them. Leave them as they are — stone for stone, 
brick for brick, wood for wood, plaster for plas- 
ter. Why are they not better so? Why disguise 
them? Thought anil care are all that we need, 

C= ^^^^Oy^^^ 



for skill we have. The noblest work of art is to 
make these common things beautiful for man." 

In 1901 Mr. Greene built his own house on 
Arroyo Terrace, where one may get one of the 
finest views in Pasadena. Subsequently he de- 
signed most of the houses in that locality, which 
has been called "Little Switzerland," with, how- 
ever, more readiness than propriety. And 
whether it is for sight of the village or the view 
it is certain that no appreciative tourist consid- 
ers his itinerary complete without this little cir- 

Mr. Greene's influence on the domestic archi- 
tecture of Southern California is plainly to be 
seen and to those who may appreciate his work 
it appeals mainly through its frank simplicity 
and its great originality. 

HERMAN W. HELLMAN. The enter- 
prises sustained by the financial aid and un- 
erring business ability of Herman W. Hell- 
man have given to Los Angeles within the 
past few years a decided impetus toward a 
phenomenal growth and development. For- 
tunately a wise conservatism has held in check 
any movement which might have tended to 
inflate values, attract the speculator, and thus 
produce a condition disastrous to permanent 
development, Mr. Hellman's long association 
with the banking institutions of this city prov- 
ing his peculiar fitness as a leader in financial 
circles. A resume of the life of this substan- 
tial pioneer is one which cannot fail to inter- 
est those who have witnessed his rapid rise in 
the business world, his subjugation of obsta- 
cles in his path, and the position of esteem 
and respect which he has won among the citi- 
zens of the city. 

Born September 25, 1843, in Bavaria, Ger- 
many, he was the son of natives of that coun- 
try, by whom he was reared to the age of 
fifteen years, receiving a practical training in 
the common branches of study and also the 
foundation for the principles which have dis- 
tinguished his business career. At the age of 
fifteen years he decided to try his fortunes 
away from the shelter of the paternal roof, 
and accordingly took passage on a vessel 
bound for California. The city of Los An- 

geles and its vicinity attracted him first and 
practically continuous has been his residence 
since. From the time of his location in the 
city he was interested in commercial affairs, 
accepting, in June, 1859, a position as freight 
clerk in the forwarding and commission busi- 
ness at Wilmington, conducted by Gen. Phi- 
neas Banning. He held the position until ac- 
quiring some means, when he resigned and 
returning to Los Angeles he connected him- 
self with the stationery business in partner- 
ship with a cousin. After conducting a suc- 
cessful enterprise for several years Mr. Hell- 
man withdrew to take up the work on his 
own responsibility, also dealing in fancy 
goods, for which he found a constantly in- 
creasing market. Having been absent from 
his native land for nearly eleven years, he dis- 
posed of his business interests in March, 1870, 
and spent the following year in Germany and 
other countries of Europe, enjoying the asso- 
ciations of his boyhood years. Returning to 
Los Angeles in November. 1871, he entered 
into partnership with Jacob Haas, a former 
schoolmate of his, and established a wholesale 
grocery business under the firm name of Hell- 
man, Haas & Co., and for the ensuing nine- 
teen years catered to an extensive trade 
throughout Southern California, Arizona, New 
Mexico, and Texas, the strong, forceful man- 
agement of the men who had proven their 
ability adding materially to the commercial 
supremacy of this section of the state. In the 
meantime Mr. Hellman had become associ- 
ated with various enterprises in Los Angeles, 
an important movement being the purchase of 
stock in the Farmers' & Merchants' Bank. In 
1890 he retired from the firm of Hellman, 
Haas & Co., disposing of his interest to Haas, 
Barnett & Co., and became vice-president and 
local manager of the Farmers' & Merchants' 
Bank, since which time he has became one of 
the most widely known bankers in the state of 
California. Shortly after his assumption of 
duties in this bank the financial panic of '93 
brought disaster to many of the monetary in- 
stitutions throughout the United States ; the 
security with which this bank stood out among 
others whose doors were closed either tempo- 
rarily or permanently, and the long era of 



prosperity which has followed that crisis, are 
largely due to the wise conservatism and sa- 
gacious judgment of Mr. Hellman. That the 
deposits have increased from $2,300,000 to 
S8,ooo,ooo since his association with the bank 
are an evidence of the confidence inspired by 
the policy which has been elemental in the 
building up of this bank. Outside of his asso- 
ciation with the Farmers' & Merchants' Bank 
Mr. Hellman has been intimately identified 
with other financial institutions of the city, 
in July, 1903, accepting the presidency of the 
Merchants' National Bank, after his resigna- 
tion in May, of the vice-presidency of the 
former institution. At the present writing he 
is acting as president, vice-president and di- 
rector in twelve other banks, in this city and 
Southern California, in the business of all 
bringing to bear that energy and ambition 
which have assured his success in whatever 
enterprise he has been engaged. Mr. Hellman 
has also been associated with other business 
movements in Los Angeles, one of the most 
important being the erection of an imposing 
eight-story and attic building, fireproof and 
modern in every particular, and accounted one 
of the finest office buildings west of New York 
City. The material used in the exterior is a 
native light gray granite in the lower two 
stories, and hydraulic pressed brick and terra 
cotta in the upper stories; the corridors are 
floored and wainscoted with white Italian mar- 
ble. The finish of the ground floor is of ma- 
hogany and all the office floors of quarter- 
sawed white oak. The Security Savings Bank, 
one of the largest institutions of its kind in the 
west, and other business enterprises, occupy 
the first floor, while above are well-equipped 
offices, well-lighted and ventilated, and with 
hot and cold water and every modern con- 
venience : in the basement is one of the finest 
grille rooms in Los Angeles, The Bristol. 
This immense building was erected at a cost 
"< 10.000. and represents one of the larg- 
est individual investments of this character in 

The home of Mr. Hellman is presided over 
by his wife, formerly Miss Ida Ileimann, with 
whom he was united in marriage in Italy, 
July 26. 1874. Mrs. Hellman was born in Tre- 

viso, near Venice, Italy. She. is a woman of 
rare culture and refinement and well endowed 
by nature with those qualities which have won 
for her a wide friendship and esteem. She is 
the mother of two daughters, Frida, married 
to L. M. Cole, of Los Angeles, and Amy, and 
two sons, Marco and Irving. Mr. and Mrs. 
Hellman are prominent members of the Re- 
formed Jewish Congregation B'nai B'rith, Los 
Angeles, of which he was president up to 
1901 ; under his administration there was erect- 
ed on the corner of Ninth and Hope streets 
the elegant temple, one of the most beautiful 
houses of worship in the city of Los Angeles. 
The family are liberal supporters of all char- 
itable movements, whether of the city, county 
or state, and arc intensely loyal to the inter- 
ests of Southern California. 

Notwithstanding his engrossing business 
cares Mr. Hellman has found time to associate 
himself with clubs and fraternal organizations, 
being a member of the California, Jonathan, 
Concordia and several other clubs of the city 
and county, and is prominent in Masonic cir- 
cles. He became an apprentice Mason in Sep- 
tember, 1869, and on March 21, 1870, passed 
to the degree of Fellowcraft ; and June 14, 
1870, was raised to the sublime degree of Mas- 
ter Mason, in Pentalpha Lodge No. 202, of 
which he is still a member. On the 10th of 
July he was advanced to the honorary degree 
of Mark Master; inducted and presided in 
the Oriental chair as past master July 17, re- 
ceived and acknowledged Most Excellent 
Master August 8, and exalted to the sublime 
degree of Royal Arch Mason August 14, 1883, 
in Signet Chapter No. 57, of which he is still 
a member. In 1906 he also took the Scottish 
Rite and is now a Thirty-second degree 
Mason ; and is also a Shriner, belonging to 
Al Malaikah Temple. 

In reviewing the life of Mr. Hellman an 
impression is gained not of the opportunities 
which presented themselves throughout his ca- 
reer, but by the manner in which he under- 
stood and grasped a situation. Practically 
empty-handed he came to the Pacific slope in 
boyhood, at a time when the country was law- 
less, when the survival of the fittest was the 
unwritten decree. when it was far easier to sink 



into insignificance with the multitudes than 
to rise to the heights which few were success- 
fully attempting. That he proved himself ca- 
pable of holding his own in the beginning, 
the later position which he assumed as factor 
in the most important enterprises of this sec- 
tion of the Pacific coast have demonstrated. 
The multifold duties which are his as one of 
the most prominent citizens and business men 
of the city have not overburdened him, but 
have rather spurred him on to stronger and 
more forceful thought and effort and have 
brought out all the latent ability with which 
nature endowed him. His position to-day is 
one acquired by the few even where oppor- 
tunities have abounded as in Southern Cali- 
fornia, for it requires a quick, mental vision 
and an unerring decision to know and improve 
the opportune time. Loyal to the country of 
his adoption and the city wherein has been 
passed his eventful career, Mr. Hellman is 
honored as a citizen whose worth and works 
have been tested. 

HON. FRANK P. FLINT. The career of 
the Hon. Frank P. Flint, United States sen- 
ator from California, has necessarily been brief 
as he is still a young man, his future, how- 
ever, promising much if his past is a criterion. 
Although not a native son of California all 
but the first seven years of his life have been 
spent in the state, where his parents, Francis 
Eaton and Althea (Hewes) Flint, located in 
1869. They were both descendants of old 
New England families, the paternal ancestor, 
Thomas Flint, having emigrated from Eng- 
land in 1642 and located in Salem, Mass., 
where members of succeeding generations be- 
came prominent in public affairs. 

At North Reading, Middlesex county, 
Mass., July 15, 1862, Frank Putnam Flint was 
born, spending the first seven years of his 
life in his native state, when he accompanied 
his parents to their newly established home 
in San Francisco. In that city he attended 
the public schools and acquired a substantial 
foundation for the real experiences of life, 
later taking up the study of law, which he 
had decided to make his life work. Interrup- 

tions came from time to time in the midst of 
his efforts, but nothing daunted he continued 
perseveringly, taking up the work again in 
1888, having previously spent two years in 
Orange county, Cal., engaged in farming. In 
the last-named year he located in Los An- 
geles, where he entered upon a clerkship in 
the United States marshal*s office. Three 
years later (1891) he was admitted to the bar 
and after one year's practice was appointed 
assistant United States attorney under Hon. 
Matthew T. Allen, with whom he formed a 
partnership the following year which contin- 
ued until January 1, 1895. The election at 
that time of Judge Allen to the bench as a 
superior judge of Los Angeles county dis- 
solved the relationship, when Mr. Flint be- 
came associated with Donald Barker under 
the firm name of Flint & Barker, which is 
to-day recognized as one of the leading law 
firms of the state. They have been asso- 
ciated with cases of state-wide importance, 
and the ability with which they were man- 
aged have brought the members of the firm 
prominently before the legal fraternity of the 
state. The extent of their clientele has 
brought them lucrative returns. 

Mr. Flint first became identified with poli- 
tics as a member of the political organiza- 
tion known as the Blaine Invincibles, being 
then a resident of San Francisco, where, in 
1884, he cast his first vote for Blaine as 
president. His support has ever since been 
given to the principles of the Republican 
party, upon locating in Los Angeles at once 
taking an active interest in political affairs of 
municipality, state and nation. Combining 
with unquestioned ability the art of meeting 
men and issues in a frank, public-spirited 
manner, with none of the aggression which 
instinctively antagonizes, he has always held 
a high place among the prominent men of the 
Republican party, and has been chosen to 
represent them at numerous local conven- 
tions. He was made a member of the Re- 
publican state executive committee and was 
also an alternate to the national Republican 
convention at St. Louis, which nominated 
William McKinley for president in 1896. On 
the 8th of April of the following year Presi- 



dent McKinley appointed him to the position 
of United State- attorney for the southern dis- 
trict of California, which office he held ac- 
ceptably for four years. In response to an 
urgent request of a large number of the citi- 
zens of Los Angeles, Mr. Flint consented, on 
the 9th of July. 1904, to become a candidate 
for the position of United States senator from 
California, and following covered the entire 
state during the presidential campaign of that 
\ear, delivering speeches in the interest of the 
national Republican ticket at all of the prin- 
cipal points in the state. The first joint ballot 
of the legislature, January II, 1905, gave to 
Mr. Flint the senatorship, and March 4, 1905, 
he took the oath of office, succeeding Hon. 
Thomas R. Bard. The future promises much 
in the career of Senator Flint and the people 
of Southern California confidently look to him 
for support of measures which mean the fur- 
ther development of the country which he and 
they have reclaimed and made the garden spot 
of earth. 

The home of Mr. Flint is brightened by the 
presence of his wife, formerly Katherine J. 
Bloss, daughter of Henry A. Bloss. and a wo- 
man of rare traits of character which have 
given her a prominence in social and church 
circles where she is best known. Their union, 
which was solemnized February 25, 1890, in 
Los Angeles, has been blessed by the birth 
of two children, Katherine and William. In 
addition to the many exacting duties of his 
practice and his association with the political 
affairs of the state, Mr. Flint is prominently 
identified with tin- growth and development of 
Los Vngeles and of Southern California, up- 
holding it-- interests as a member of leading 
clubs, fraternal societies and commercial or- 
ganizations, baing vice-president and a di- 
rector of the First National Hank and the 
Equitable Savings Bank. 

HI >N. JAMES A. GIBSON. A man who 
has served with honor and credit in official posi- 
tion and made for himself an enviable reputa- 
tion in private law practice is lion. Janus A. 
nlier of the law firm of Bicknell, 
Gibson & Trask of Los Angeles. He is of 

Scotch-Irish ancestry, and his father, Thomas 
Gibson, sacrificed his life for love of his adopted 
country. He enlisted in a Massachusetts regi- 
ment of volunteers in the Civil war. in which 
he was killed while in active service. As a young 
man he had settled at St. Johns, Newfoundland, 
where he clerked for an uncle, a leading mer- 
chant of that city. Later he removed to Massa- 
chusetts, and Boston became the native city of 
the son. The mother was born in Ireland, but 
in girlhood lived in Marblehead, Mass. ; she 
passed away some months before the father's 
death and thus the boy was left an orphan at a 
very early age. He was cared for by an aunt 
until old enough to earn his own living, and was 
little more than a child when he accepted the 
first opportunity that offered and went on a cruise 
at sea. At seventeen years he secured employ- 
ment in a large manufacturing establishment in 
Massachusetts with a view to becoming a me- 
chanical engineer, and continued at the work 
until he had attained practically the management 
of one of the departments. At the same time 
he commenced the study of law, but had not 
finished his readings when he came to San Fran- 
cisco in 1874. He remained in that city only a 
short time before removing to San Bernardino 
and having continued his law work was admitted 
to the bar in the district court of San Bernar- 
dino county June 13. 1879. Later he attained 
the right to practice in the superior courts and 
supreme court of California, and in the federal 
courts of the United States. 

His first official honor was an election to the 
judgeship of the superior court of his county, 
having for several years conducted a private 
practice that convinced his constituents that he 
was thoroughly qualified to satisfactorily and 
honorably acquit himself of the duties of that 
important office. So well did he succeed in this 
that he was soon chosen for a higher position 
and on May 3, 1889, resigned from the superior 
bench and received the appointment as a mem- 
ber of the supreme court of California commis- 
sion, retaining that position until January, 1891, 
when he resigned in order to again take up his 
private practice. He removed to San Diego 
and became a member of the firm of Works, 
Gibson & Titus and was not long in attaining 
the high position among the leading attorneys of 

U£4\ , 



that city that his talents entitled him to. Judge 
Works ultimately withdrew from the firm to 
establish a partnership with his son, and the 
two remaining members continued the law busi- 
ness as Gibson & Titus. June i, 1897, Judge 
Gibson desiring to locate in a city of larger 
opportunities, dissolved his connection with the 
San Diego firm and removed to Los Angeles, 
where he joined Messrs. Bicknell and Trask in 
the formation of what is now recognized as one 
of the strongest law firms in Las Angeles — a city 
boasting many attorneys of more than usual abil- 
ity and prominence. He has been especially 
prominent in connection with a number of im- 
portant corporation cases, and the esteem in which 
he is held by the legal fraternity in the state is 
evidenced by his election to the office of vice- 
president of the American Bar Association for 
California. He has also been president of the Los 
Angeles Bar Association. While filling official 
position politics was necessarily held in abeyance 
by Judge Gibson, yet he is a strong believer in 
the principles advocated in the platform of the 
Republican party. Fraternally he is affiliated 
with the Masonic lodge ; and he has been con- 
nected with military affairs of the state, having 
held offices in the first brigade with the rank of 
major. He was also for two terms a trustee of 
the Southern California Hospital and is actively 
interested in all matters of social and civic in- 
terest to the public. 

In 1882 Judge Gibson was united in marriage 
with Miss Sarah A. Waterman, who died some 
years later, having become the mother of two 
children, James A., Jr.. and Mary W., both of 
whom survived her. He was afterward mar- 
ried to Miss Gertrude Van Norman, a native of 
1 'hiii. two children also blessing this union, 
Martha A. and Horace V. 

HON. P. M. GREEX. The death of Mr. 
Green March 23. 1903, closed a career of dis- 
tinct usefulness which had extended over a 
period of many years, the greater part of 
which was associated with the origin and up- 
building of one of Southern California's most 
beautiful residence cities, Pasadena. His 
identification with its history dates back to 
the days of the Indiana Colony, or, as it was 

also known, the San Gabriel Orange Grove 
Association. As early as 1873 he was one of 
the twenty who organized and incorporated 
the company, acquiring the right of title to 
over three thousand acres of land, which was 
subdivided into homesteads of from fifteen to 
sixty acres. In a word, this was the begin- 
ning of Pasadena, and from then until his 
death Mr. Green never ceased to cherish and 
strengthen its interests and enterprises, many 
of which he founded. The regard in which he 
was held may be best illustrated perhaps by 
quoting from the tribute from the officers of 
the First National Bank of Los Angeles, of 
which he was vice-president : "He was an 
honest man. a just man, firm in his convic- 
tions of right 'as God gave him to see the 
right,' ami withal was possessed of a pecu- 
liarly sweet temperament. He was the friend 
of everybody. His sympathies were bound- 
less and his charity for all mankind immeas- 
urable. In his death the commonwealth loses 
one of its best citizens, and the financial com- 
munity a splendid exponent of business right 
living, his home the exquisite tenderness of 
a model husband and father, and the bank a 
faithful officer and friend." 

The history of the Green family can be 
traced to Nathanael Greene, the Revolution- 
ary patriot and general from Rhode Island, 
and the friend and coadjutor of General Wash- 
ington. From North Carolina, whither the fam- 
ily finally drifted, they removed to Kentucky, 
and it was in that state that Lot Green, the 
father of P. M. Green, was born and reared. 
From there he removed to the adjoining state on 
the north, and in Rush county, Ind., was known 
as a citizen of considerable importance, hav- 
ing served his community as an educator and 
as a justice of the peace. In politics he was 
a Whig and in religion was a member of the 
Missionary Baptist Church. His wife before 
her marriage was Annie Cooper, who from 
her birth until her marriage was a resident of 
Kentucky, her father being a minister in a 
Baptist church there. Of the eight children 
born to these worthy parents only one is now 
living. Mrs. A. O. Porter, of Pasadena. 

Perry M. Green was born in Rush county, 
Ind.. May 7. 1838. and was next to the young- 


est in the family. When he was only about 
lour years old his life, was saddened by the 
death of his mother, and the death of his father 
three years later left him desolate indeed. 
From the age of seven until he was fourteen 
he was eared for by his older brothers and sis- 
ter-, and then started out for himself by ac- 
cepting a clerkship in a store. As the work 
was not to his taste he gave it up and hired 
out as a farm hand, receiving $7 a month for 
his services. Subsequently, however, he re- 
sumed clerking for a time, but relinquished 
this to enter Richland Academy, for which 
training he had been saving his earnings for 
-oim time. When he was nineteen years old 
he began to read law in the office of Davis & 
Wright, of Shelbyville, and at the age of 
twenty-one was admitted to the bar of In- 
diana, thereafter engaging in practice in Shel- 
byville for five years. During most of that 
time he was city attorney, a position in which 
he made quite a brilliant record. In 1865 he 
removed to Indianapolis, where he became a 
member of the firm of Campbell & Green, 
manufacturers and wholesale and retail deal- 
ers in drugs. This association existed until 
187,}, when he disposed of his interests in In- 
diana and came to California, a change which 
was brought about by the ill-health of his 
wife. As a member of the Indiana Colony he 
was entitled to a choice of lots, and purchased 
sixty acres in the southern part of Pasadena, 
and there it was that he gained his first expe- 
rience as a horticulturist. To one of his ver- 
satile abilities and large ambition it was dif- 
ficult to confine himself to one line of en- 

1. and thus it was natural that from time 
to time we find him adding to his responsibili- 
ties and business connections. In 1885 he or- 
ganized the Pasadena Hank with a capital 
stoek of $50,000, and was made its president 
and manager. In the following year this was 
incorporated as the bust National Bank of 
Pasadena, with a capital stock of $100,000. 

nnection with the parent institution a 
savings department was organized in 1901 
under the title oi the Pasadena Savings, Trust 
& Safe Deposil Company, capitalized at $50,- 
000, .Mr. Green also being president of this 
institution. He was a stockholder in the Los 

Angeles Savings and Trust Company, and was 
a director and the vice-president of the Los 
Angeles National Bank. 

A subject which was uppermost in the mind 
of Air. Green during the early days involved a 
plan which would provide adequate irrigation 
facilities in order to cultivate the land to the 
fullest extent. The first enterprise of the 
kind organized in the locality was the Pasa- 
dena Land and Water Company, of which Air. 
Green was a director for over twenty-five 
years. He was also one of the organizers and 
a director in the first gas company established 
here, as well as a director in the first street- 
car company in this city. In later years he 
became associated with Al. H. Sherman and 
E. P. Clark in the construction of the Pasa- 
dena and Los Angeles Electric Railway. Still 
another interest which was very close to his 
heart was the Throop Polytechnic Institute, of 
which he was president, director and one of its 
most liberal supporters. 

From the foregoing it might be concluded 
that Air. Green gave the best of himself and 
the most of his time to the multitudinous in- 
terests with which his name was associated, 
but in reality they took a second place in his 
esteem, no one being a greater lover of home 
and family than Mr. Green. His marriage oc- 
curred in Shelbyville, Ind., October 30, i860, 
and united him with Miss Henrietta Camp- 
bell, whose father, John S. Campbell, was 
born in Delaware, reared in Philadelphia, and 
later became a pioneer of Indiana. One daugh- 
ter, Alary, blessed the marriage of Mr. and 
Mrs. Green, and since the death of Mr. Green 
the mother and daughter have continued to 
reside in the old family residence in Pasadena, 
which has been the scene of so many happy 
gatherings. Upon the organization of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church of Pasadena in 
1873 both Air. and Airs. Green became charter 
members, and from then until 1901 he held the 
office of trustee. For some time he was also 
a director of the Y. M. C. A. organization of 
Pasadena, greatly encouraging it by his ever- 
ready aid and sympathy. From its earliest 
days he was a member of the Pasadena Board 
of Trade and a warm ally of all organizations 
and movements for the commercial upbuild- 



ing of Southern California. A strong advo- 
cate of Republican principles, it was on that 
party's ticket that in 1879 ne was elected to 
the state legislature as representative from Los 
Angeles county. During the session of 1880 
he introduced a bill for the establishment of 
a state normal at Los Angeles, a measure 
which did not carry at that time, although he 
had the satisfaction of knowing that it was 
carried during the next session. Among his 
friends he numbered Frank P. Flint, member 
of congress, Judge M. T. Allen. Judge Conrey, 
Gen. M. H. Sherman and E. P. Clark, besides 
many other men of equal note, including the 
bar of Los Angeles. As the last mark of re- 
spect to one of Pasadena's best-beloved citi- 
zens every business house in the city was 
closed during the progress of the funeral, and 
his body was laid to rest in the city which he 
had nurtured and tended as his own child. 

name is better known or held in higher appre- 
ciation in Southern California than that of Major 
James R. Toberman, one of the most prominent 
factors in the upbuilding and development of re- 
sources of this portion of the state. His life 
history, in view of his connection with the high- 
est interests of the state, is of interest to all who 
know him either personally or through the in- 
fluence of his far-reaching efforts, and it is fitting 
that his name should appear among the repre- 
sentative citizens of Southern California, where 
he has been located since the pioneer days of the 

Major Toberman is a native of Virginia, and 
was born June 22, 1836, a son of John and Eliz- 
abeth ( Campbell ) Toberman ; on both sides of 
the house he is the descendant of fine ancestry — 
German on the father's side and Scotch on his 
mother's, the paternal grandfather having served 
throughout the Revolutionary war in a Virginia 
company. John Toberman was born the year 
that Washington died, grew to manhood in Vir- 
ginia, there married and learned the trade of 
cabinet-maker, and after his removal to Missouri 
in 1845 began making wagons. At the age of 
fourteen years James R. Toberman left school 
to assist his father in earning a livelihood for 

the family, finding employment as a clerk in a 
small country store ; the first year he received as 
remuneration only his board and clothes and the 
second year was transferred to another store on 
the Missouri river where he was paid $10 a 
month for his services, a part of his work there 
being as clerk on the levee. He was evidently 
able to display considerable business ability even 
at his youthful age, because he was approached 
during this time by another merchant who offered 
him $25 per month for his services. He ac- 
cepted this position and for two years worked in 
a large wholesale house in Sibley. Resigning 
at the expiration of that time he returned to his 
home town — Carrollton — where a college had re- 
cently been built, intending to take a course in 
the institution, but after six months he changed 
his plans and instead entered the county clerk's 
office as assistant. During the three years he 
held the position he acquired a knowledge and 
experience which proved of far more benefit than 
any collegiate training could have done. He then 
became deputy circuit clerk, from which office 
he resigned and on October 25, 1859. he started 
for California, with two young men companions 
taking a hack to the nearest railway station, 
thence by Chicago to New York City, and there 
embarking on a steamer bound for Colon ; after 
crossing the isthmus they again took passage 
on a steamer and subsequently arrived in San 
Francisco. There Mr. Toberman remained for 
a brief time, later went to Sacramento and from 
that point crossed the mountains to Virginia 
City, New, and there began mining when there 
were only three houses built in that place. Not 
successful in his efforts, however, Mr. To- 
berman was forced to sell his pack animal, as he 
had spent the greater part of his savings in the 
heavy expenses of the trip, and following this be 
engaged in prospecting over the country. Tiring 
of the life, he went by foot to Sacramento, spend- 
ing the nights under the stars and traveling 
steadily by day toward his destination. When 
he reached Hangtown be bad but $12, but he 
continued his way to Sacramento, where he se- 
cured a position as night cashier in the Crescent 
City hotel. He remained in this employment 
until the fall of i8f>o. when he went to Napa, 
thence to San Francisco and finally to San Jose, 
where he worked in a store at the New Almaden 



quick silver mines. In Santa Cruz he engaged 
in the sawmill business and made some money, 
with which, in the spring of 1863, with a friend, 
he came to Southern California and thence by 
ox trams went to El Paso, where his friend had 
some mining claims. However, because of the 
Indians, they were finally driven out of that loca- 
tion and Mr. Toberman came to Los Angeles, 
where he had been appointed United States rev- 
enue assessor b) President Lincoln, his term of 
office dating from .May 4, 1864. He served six 
years in this capacity, but in the meantime (1865) 
he was appointed the agent for Wells Fargo & 
Co. Express, and two years later he was made 
secretary of a gas company which was just then 
organized. At this time he bought his first ranch 
and the following year he built his first house in 
Los \ngeles, which is still standing. On the 2d 
of June. 1867. he married Miss Emma J. Dye, 
a daughter of George W. Dye, an emigrant of 
.Missouri who crossed the plains with mule-teams. 
and they began their housekeeping days in their 
new home. 

The commercial interests of Los Angeles have 
always had in Air. Toberman an earnest and 
practical factor. As early as 1868 he engaged 
with Mr. Hellman in the organization of the first 
bank in Southern California, which institution 
was known as Hellman, Temple & Co., a private 
banking concern. When Mr. Toberman resigned 
from his connection with the express company 
he sent to San Francisco and asked a friend, 
W illiam Pridham, a messenger of the company, 
to come south and succeed him and he is today 
the incumbent of that office. The banking inter- 
ests eventually proved too wearing for Mr. To- 
berman and he early retired from the concern 
with which he had identified his interests, only 
urne the weightier responsibilities of pub- 
lic office, being elected in [869 councilman from 
his ward, and after an acceptable service, in 
[872, was chosen to the position of mayor of 
I os Angeles. He was candidate for this office 
I a Mexican, who had served in this ca- 
pacity for years, but an evidence of the major's 
popularity was recognized in the large majority 
he received at the election, I lis service as mayor 
is known to the early residents of the city and 
to re elect him in 1S7S to the same office, 
during which administration he proved his loy- 

alty and patriotism in his efforts to advance the 
best interests of the city, expending much of his 
own means in a legal contest with the gas com- 
pany for the welfare of the city, and winning the 
suit. He was elected the third time to this office 
January I, 1880, and served until 1882, among 
his most successful achievements during his third 
administration being his reduction of taxes from 
$1.82 on the hundred dollars to one per cent 
on the same, putting the city out of debt. Near 
the close of his administration he signed a con- 
tract with a St. Louis man for an electric light 
plant, which he set in operation on the last day 
of his administration, by pressing a button. He 
was also one of the strong advocates for the 
Southern Pacific Railroad and finally secured its 
admission into the city by voting a tax of 
$500,000. No man has been more prominent in 
his efforts to advance the interests of Los An- 
geles, and no man is given more credit for his 
unselfish interest in the welfare of the public. 
What he has accomplished cannot be written, for 
it is that upon which the present city's greatness 
is built. Be it said, however, that Major Tober- 
man occupies a unique position in the minds and 
hearts of those whom he has helped in the past 
years by his conscious integrity in his official ca- 
pacity, his faithful discharge of every duty that 
fell to him. and his manifest belief in the future 
of the city he has helped to build. 

Mr. Toberman acquired his title of major by 
serving from 1 864 to 1 868 as quartermaster on 
the staff of General Banning, and it is as Major 
Toberman that he is known throughout Southern 
California. Since 1864 he has been identified 
with the Masonic interests of Los Angeles, hav- 
ing been made a Mason in the first lodge organ- 
ized in this city. Me has reared his two sons, 
Ralph S., born March 29, 1868, and Homer J., 
born July 7, 1872, in the same broad environment 
he believed in when he chose California for his 
permanent home : the elder is engaged in a gro- 
cery business in Hollywood while the younger, 
who married in 1898, died in 1900, leaving a son, 
James W. The major is a thorough Californian 
and intensely alive to the interests of his adopted 
state. It was not until 1871 that he made a visit 
to his eastern home and since his return to this 
state has been more than ever impressed with the 
possibilities of its future. Those who know him 



best place him highest among the citizens of Los 
Angeles, where as a pioneer he witnessed the 
magnificent upbuilding and participated in the 
development of his adopted state. 

STODDARD JESS. The history of the 
Jess family in America dates back to the 
grandfather, John L. P. Jess, who was born 
in Nova Scotia, of English descent, and who 
there grew to manhood and established home 
ties. Subsequently he brought his family 
to the United States, and for many years the 
name was a prominent one in the vicinity of 
Fox Lake, Dodge county, Wis., where he then 
settled. Among the children who made the 
trip from Nova Scotia to Wisconsin was 
George Jess, the father of Stoddard Jess. 
Among the adventurers who came across the 
plains in 1850 as a result of the discovery of 
gold was George Jess. An experience of two 
years in the mines, however, satisfied him that 
his forte did not lie in working in the mines. 
and it was with a good deal of satisfaction that 
he turned his steps toward Wisconsin. For 
some time he carried on farming and merchan- 
dising in Dodge county, both of which enter- 
prises he gave up later to establish a bank 
in Waupun, that state. From then until the 
year 1885 the banking firm of George Jess & 
Co. was one of the solid monetary institutions 
of Dodge county. Relinquishing his interests 
in the state in that year he came to California, 
spending the remainder of his life in Pomona. 
From whatever standpoint his life was viewed 
it showed him to be a man of versatile quali- 
fications, and while he was a resident of Wis- 
consin he represented his district in the state 
legislature, besides filling many city offices of 
trust. Politically he was a Republican, and 
fraternally he was a Royal Arch Mason. His 
religious home was in the Unitarian Church. 
The lady whom he chose as his wife was be- 
fore her marriage Maria Theresa Judd, a na- 
tive of Dutchess county. X. Y., and a daugh- 
ter of Stoddard Judd. The latter was a prac- 
ticing physician in New York state until set- 
tling as a pioneer in Wisconsin. Under Presi- 
dent Polk he received the appointment of 
United States land office receiver at Green 


Bay, going from there to Fox Lake in the 
same capacity some time later. Well known 
alike in the political and legislative affairs of 
the then territory he was worthy of much 
credit for the part he took in the organization 
of the state during its formative period. He 
was a member of the first and second con- 
stitutional conventions that formed the con- 
stitution of the state, and served several terms in 
the state senate from his district. Politically he 
was a Republican, and fraternally he took an 
active part in the work of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, having been a mem- 
ber of the order for many years. 

Stoddard Jess, who bears the given name of 
his illustrious maternal grandfather, was born 
in Fox Lake, Dodge county, Wis., December 
3, 1856, and was the only child born of the 
marriage of George and Maria T. (Judd) Jess. 
His initial school training was received in the 
public schools of Fox Lake, after which he 
matriculated with the University of Wiscon- 
sin, graduating therefrom in the class of 1876. 
Immediately thereafter he became associated 
in the bank of George Jess & Co. in the ca- 
pacity of cashier, during this time also serving 
as a member of the city council for a number 
of years. During 1883 and 1884 he filled the 
office of mayor of Waupun, an honor indeed, 
for he was then less than thirty years of age. 

Coming to California with his parents in 
1885, Stoddard Jess organized the First Na- 
tional Bank of Pomona in 1886, remaining as 
its cashier until January, 1898. In whatever 
locality Mr. Jess resided his qualities for guid- 
ing and directing affairs of a public nature 
were soon recognized and thus it was that 
while he was still a comparatively late ac- 
quisition to Pomona, he was made its first 
treasurer. He took an active part in the or- 
ganization of the board of trade, and for the 
first two years of its existence was its presi- 
dent. For many years he was a member of the 
board of library trustees, and during the last 
three years of his residence there was presi- 
dent of the board. The strenuous life which 
he had lead finally began to tell upon his 
health and a complete rest and change of 
scene were prescribed as the only restorative. 
Resigning his position as cashier of the bank 



in 1898 he began a course of travels that ex- 
tended over six years, during which time he 
completely recovered his former health. It 
was in 1904 that he was tendered his present 
position of vice-president of the First National 
Hank of Los Angeles, and the same year he 
located in this city with his family. The First 
National J Sank of Los Angeles ranks high 
among the monetary institutions of the state, 
and is the largest hank in the city, thus Mr. 
Jess' call to the position of vice-president was 
a double honor. Since locating here he has 
also become interested in a number of other 
interests and has been made a director in the 
following institutions: Los Angeles Trust 
Company, Metropolitan Bank and Trust Com- 
pany, L. D. Powell Company (law book pub- 
lishers), and the Huntington Beach Company; 
of the latter company he is also vice-president. 
In Monroe county. Wis., in 1879, Mr. Jess 
was united in marriage with Miss Carrie Helen 
Chenoweth, a native of that part of Wiscon- 
sin, and a daughter of Benjamin Chenoweth, 
representative of one of the old families in the 
southern part of that state. One son, George 
Benjamin, has been born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Jess. As will be seen from the foregoing Mr. 
Jess is thoroughly conversant with banking 
affairs, and at one time he was a member of 
the executive council of the California Bank- 
ers' Association. He is also well known in 
fraternal circles and was made a Mason in 
Pomona Lodge No. 37, F. & A. M. He has 
since taken all of the degrees of the order, 
now belonging to the chapter and commandery 
:i > Pomona, the consistory of Los Angeles, and 
also to the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine of Los 
Angeles, He is also identified with the Ben- 
evolent Protective Order of Elks of Pomona. 
The Republican party has a stanch supporter 
in Mr. Jess, and the business element of the 
city of I. os Angeles find his membership in 
the Chamber of Commerce of material assist- 
ance in discussing the matters that come be- 
fore that body. Notwithstanding the multi- 
plicity of affairs that enter into the life of Mr. 
Jess, lie yet tin,]s tin," for recreation of a 
purely social nature, the Jonathan Club, I mo,. 
League Club and California Club all welcom- 
ing him as one of their members. M r . J ess [ s 

of the same religious belief as was his father, 
and is a member of the Unitarian Church of 
Los Angeles. 

FRANK M. KELSEY. As an off-shoot of 
the First National Bank of Los Angeles, so to 
speak, the Metropolitan Bank and Trust Com- 
pany of this city came, into being May 1, 1905, 
with a capital stock of $250,000, and a surplus 
of $25,000. The entire stock is owned by the 
parent organization, and the directors of the 
former bank hold the same relation in the newer 
organization, these two facts combining to give 
it the stability and prestige which, though so 
young an organization, places it among the re- 
liable monetary institutions of the city and state. 
The Metropolitan gives considerable attention to 
the enlargement of its trust department, while at 
the same time it transacts a general commercial 
and savings bank business. The bank building is 
a three-story structure on the northwest corner 
of Sixth and Spring streets, owned by the com- 
pany, and admirably located in the heart of the 
business district. Under the direct supervision 
of its president, Frank P. Flint, and Frank M. 
Kelsey, vice-president, a conservative business is 
conducted which reflects great credit upon the 
wise judgment and keen discrimination of its 

Mr. Kelsey is proud of the fact that he is a 
native Californian, for he is intensely loyal to the 
state and devoted to its progress along every line 
of advancement. He was born on a farm in the 
San Joaquin valley March 31, 1857, a son of Dr. 
J. M. Kelsey, who though a native of Ohio spent 
his most active and influential years in the Golden 
state, whither he came as a pioneer. Having re- 
ceived his diploma from one of the most cele- 
brated medical colleges of the Union, Dr. Kel- 
sey located for practice in Stockton, where his 
reputation as a practitioner of merit made his 
services in great demand, which incidentally made 
him a man of large means. He was also well 
known in political and business circles, having 
served for two terms as county treasurer of 
Santa Clara county as a Republican candidate, 
and at the time of his death, in 1877, he was 
president of the Stockton Savings and Loan So- 
ciety. His marriage united him with Miss Algie 



C. Childers, who though born in Missouri spent 
the greater part of her life in California. 

Mr. Kelsey's earliest recollections take him 
back in memory to Stockton, where he attended 
the public schools and prepared himself to enter 
as a student in the University at Berkeley. Two 
years in that institution marked the limit of school 
days, for upon leaving the university in 1878 he 
entered upon a business career by establishing 
himself in the real estate business in Abilene, 
Tex. His efforts in this undertaking resulted in 
a flourishing business, but thinking he saw even 
better prospects in the growing city of Los An- 
geles he gave up his interest in the south and 
located in Los Angeles in 1886 and engaged in 
the real estate, insurance and surety bond busi- 
ness until becoming connected with the banking 
business. While still continuing his interests in 
this line he promoted the plan which finally re- 
sulted in the organization of the Metropolitan 
Lank and Trust Company, assisting in the per- 
fection of the new institution under the banking 
laws of the government, since which time he has 
held the office of vice-president. 

Mr. Kelsey's married life began in 1879, dur- 
ing which year he married Miss Ada Field, a 
daughter of Benjamin F. Field, an old resident 
of Stockton. Three children have blessed the 
marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Kelsey, as follows: 
Jack M., who was born while his parents were 
residing in Texas ; Van R., and Lawrence F., 
the latter of whom is still in school. Following 
in his father's footsteps in the matter of politics, 
Mr. Kelsey is a Republican in his views, and fra- 
ternally is identified with the Masons, Knights 
of Pythias and the Maccabees. By right of birth 
he is eligible to the Native Sons of the Golden 
West, a privilege which he is proud' to avail him- 
self of, hence his membership in Ramona Parlor. 
In Los Angeles, where he has made his home for 
so many years, he has a host of warm personal 
friends, to whom his prosperity is a source of 

NILES PEASE. The commercial activity 
of Los Angeles has had in Niles Pease, for- 
merly president of the Niles Pease Furniture 
Company, one of its strongest and most suc- 
cessful men and one who has added steadilv 

to its prestige for the past twenty years. 
When he first came to the Pacific coast it was 
after a period of twenty-four years of success- 
ful work as a manufacturer and merchant in 
his native town, and with the capital and ex- 
perience thus gained easily established himself 
in a secure business position here. The suc- 
cess achieved by Mr. Pease has been the re- 
sult of earnest, indefatigable labor, sturdy ap- 
plication and well-directed zeal, and bespeaks 
possession of the strongest characteristics of 

Mr. Pease is of eastern birth and ancestry, 
the name being widely known and honored 
in Connecticut, where his grandfather, Simeon 
Pease, enlisted for service in the Revolution- 
ary war. His parents, Wells and Betsey 
Pease, were also natives of Connecticut, where 
in the vicinity of Thompsonville, on the 13th 
of October, 1838, their son was born. He was 
reared to young manhood in his native local- 
ity, receiving his education in the public 
schools until he was eighteen years old, when 
be became apprenticed to learn the trade of 
tinsmith. Three years later he engaged in 
this occupation, establishing a manufactory 
and dealing in stoves and tinware. He met 
with success in his enterprise and gradually 
enlarged his operations until he was well 
known throughout the state and largely iden- 
tified with its business interests. In 1876 he 
suspended this branch of his business, and 
devoted his efforts entirely to the sale of fur- 

Finally deciding to locate on the Pacific 
coast, Mr. Pease sold out his interests in 1884 
and in the same year came to California, where 
he identified himself with the Los Angeles 
Furniture Company as a partner in the con- 
cern. They established a store at No. 122 
South Spring street and began business. At 
the end of the year Mr. Pease purchased the 
entire interest of the business, and as his trade 
increased enlarged his operations and added 
to his stock. In 1887 he removed to the Har- 
ris block, between Third and Fourth streets, 
on South Spring, and there he had a well- 
equipped carpet and furniture salesroom. 
With the splendid increase in patronage which 
came with the passing years Mr. Pease found 



it necessary to seek more commodious quar- 
ters, and accordingly, in 1897, moved into the 
large five-story building at No. 439 South 
Spring street, this being built by L. Harris at 
that time to accommodate the Xiles Pease 
Furniture Company. On the 25th of Septem- 
ber, 1897, this business was incorporated under 
the latter name, his children being taken into 
the concern. With the passing of years they 
built up one of the largest and most extensive 
trades in Southern California, their patronage 
extending also to Arizona. December 1, 1905, 
the business passed into the hands of the Pa- 
cific Purchasing Company, the latter repre- 
senting the combined business of five similar 
enterprises in this city. 

In February, 1905, Mr. Pease incorporated 
the Niles Pease Investment Company, a close 
family corporation. This company has erected 
a magnificent reinforced concrete building on 
Hill street, between Sixth and Seventh streets, 
seventy-five feet front and eight stories, which 
is occupied by the Pease Brothers Furniture 
Company and is the finest establishment of 
its kind west of Chicago. His two sons, Sher- 
man and Herbert, have large interests and 
manage the business. 

Vside from his other interests Mr. Pease 
has been interested for a number of years in 
various enterprises. He served for some years 
as a director of the Columbia Savings Bank ; 
is at present a director in the Central Bank of 
Los Angeles ; the Dollar Savings Bank and 
tin Provident Building and Loan Associa- 
tion ; is a prominent member and a di- 
rector of the Los Angeles Chamber of Com- 
merce; and for four years, ending January 1, 
1906, served as president of the Merchants' 
and Manufacturers' Association. Ever since 
deciding to cast in his fortunes with those of 
the commercial interests of this city, Mr. 
Pease has taken a deep interest in the ad- 
vancement of its best interests, and has added 
the force of a solid and substantial man of af- 
fairs to the municipality's growth. In his po- 
litical convictions he is a Republican, and 
while a resident <>f Connecticut, in 1876, was 
chosen by his party to the state legislature, 
where lie serve'l with credit to himself and 
with satisfaction to his constituency. Frater- 

nally he is a Knight Templar and a Thirty- 
second degree Mason and stands exceptionally 
high in the organization. For some years he 
has been identified with the Unitarian Church, 
to whose philanthropies he is a liberal con- 
tributor, and served as trustee of the church 
for some time. 

The marriage of Mr. Pease occurred in 
Thompsonville, Conn., March 25, i860, and 
united him with Miss Cornelia Gleason, a na- 
tive of that place, and born of this union are 
the following children : Grace G., Jessie F., 
Sherman, Jewell, Anna, Herbert and Flor- 
ence. Mr. Pease is passing on to a peaceful 
and happy old age, surrounded by the com- 
forts and luxuries which his years of labor 
and effort have brought him, serene in the 
conviction of duty cheerfully done wherever 
met in his noteworthy career; of success 
achieved; of friendships won; and ranking as 
one of the representative men of Los Angeles 
and of Southern California. 

In the fall election of 1906 Mr. Pease was 
urged very earnestly by prominent citizens to 
be a candidate for councilman of the Fourth 
ward of the city. He did not desire any public 
office, but as a matter of duty to a city he 
loved he consented and was elected for a term 
of three years, ending January 1, 1910. At the 
time of organizing he was unanimously chosen 
as their president, a position which will occupy 
much of his time during these years. 

EDGAR EUGENE SELPH enjoys a high 
position in the citizenship of Los Angeles county, 
where he has been located since 1898, and from 
that date to the present writing he has taken an 
active part in the advancement and development 
of this section of Southern California. Although 
not a native Californian, he was born on the 
Pacific coast and all his life has been passed here. 
His father, William Selph, came to California in 
the early days of the state in search of gold, cross- 
ing the plains from Tennessee, his birthplace, and 
following this pursuit for some time. Deciding 
to locate in Oregon, in 1852 he went north to that 
state and there combined his trade of blacksmith- 
ing with the occupation of farming. He was 
first located in the vicinity of Salem, but finally 



removed to Jackson county, where he is still liv- 
ing at an advanced age. His wife, formerly Julia 
Chitwood, a native of Iowa and of English de- 
scent, went to Oregon in 1853, there married, and 
there her earth life came to close in 1872. Air. 
and Mrs. Selph became the parents of four chil- 
dren, three of whom attained maturity, one 
daughter and one son only surviving at the 
present time. 

Born in Salem, Marion county, Ore., in i860, 
Edgar Eugene Selph spent the years of boyhood 
and young manhood in his native state. Because 
of the moderate means of his parents he was early 
compelled to depend upon his own efforts, and, 
nothing daunted by the prospects, he set out in 
the world at the age of twelve years. His first 
employment was on a farm, where he worked for 
some years. In the meantime he secured a com- 
mon school education through an attendance of 
the district school nearby and qualified himself 
for a teacher. Not content with what he had 
gained he worked his way through McMinnville 
College, which he entered in 1880, and where he 
remained for five years. While teaching he began 
the study of law under W. D. Fenton, one of the 
foremost lawyers in Portland, Ore. Being ad- 
mitted to the Oregon bar in April. 1890, he began 
his professional career in his native state. He 
had built up a large general practice when, in 
1898. he decided to locate in Southern California 
because of his wife's health. He first made his 
home in Pasadena, but later came to Los An- 
geles and here he has since resided. 

Mr. Selph succeeded in building up a large 
general practice in this section, and now ranks 
among the ablest attorneys of Southern Califor- 
nia. At the same time he has taken a keen in- 
terest in public affairs, and is a member of the 
Chamber of Commerce of Los Angeles. In Feb- 
ruary. 1906, he was appointed deputy attorney- 
general to succeed J. C. Daly of Ventura and was 
re-appointed in January of the following year 
by Attorney-General Webb, an appointment which 
he held until March, 1907. when he resigned to 
accept the office of justice of the peace of Los 
Angeles township. Politically he is a stanch ad- 
vocate of the principles of the Republican party 
and seeks in every way to advance their best in- 
terests. Fraternally he is also prominent, hav- 
ing been made a Mason in Tillamook, Ore., and 

is now a member of Palestine Lodge Xo. 351, F. 
& A. M., of Los Angeles, of which he was the 
first master ; Signet Chapter No. 57, R. A. M. ; 
Southern California Commandery No. 49, K. T. ; 
and Al Malaikah Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S. 
He was made an Odd Fellow in Sheridan, Ore., 
and is now a member of Commercial Lodge in 
Los Angeles ; and is also affiliated with the Wood- 
men of the World and the Fraternal Brotherhood. 
Personally Mr. Selph has won a wide circle of 
friends through the demonstration of the highest 
traits of character both as a man and citizen, and 
as a representative of the best in American citizen- 
ship he is held in the highest esteem by all who 
know him. 

ARTHUR C. HARPER, the present mayor 
of Los Angeles, is a man and citizen who has 
ably demonstrated his ability along both 
business and municipal lines, although deeply 
engrossed in financial enterprises of import- 
ance throughout his commercial career in this 
city, keeping in close touch with the municipal 
affairs. Because of this observation and past 
interest he was in possession of such informa- 
tion as enabled him to assume intelligent and 
practical control of the city government when 
entering upon his administration as the city's 
chief executive. Mr. Harper is one of the 
early residents of this section of Southern 
California, where he has practically spent his 
entire life, being but two years old when 
brought to the state by his parents, Charles F. 
and Martha W. (Mullen) Harper. Both father 
and mother were of southern birth and lineage, 
the former born in North Carolina July 14, 
1832, and the latter in Mississippi, June 17, 
1838. The maternal grandparents were George 
and Mary (Cross) Mullen, residents of the 
south, where they passed their entire lives. 
Charles F. Harper engaged as a hardware 
merchant in Mississippi after the close of the 
Civil war (in which he participated first as 
a soldier in the Fourteenth Regiment Missis- 
sippi Infantry, and later on detached service), 
and upon disposing of his business enterprise 
in 1868, came to Southern California. He at 
once established a similar enterprise in Los 
Angeles, at the corner of Spring and Temple 



streets, and from this small beginning has 
grown one of the most extensive concerns of 
its kind in this city. He finally retired from 
the active management of affairs, which had 
been incorporated in 1880 as the Harper-Rey- 
nolds Company, and is now making his home 
in Hollywood on a beautiful estate known as 
the Ceilia Vista, so called because of its loca- 
tion on the mountainside overlooking the 
beautiful Cahuenga valley. His wife enjoys 
with him the evening of their days in their 
beautiful home. Five of their ten children sur- 
vive, and in Southern California are active in 
various pursuits. 

Arthur C. Harper was born in .Mississippi 
March 13. 1866, and in the month of June, two 
years later, was brought to Los Angeles. Here 
he received his education through the medium 
of the public schools, becoming a student in 
the high school and graduating therefrom in 
June. [885. From boyhood he had received 
business training from his father, and upon 
leaving school he at once entered his father's 
store and prepared to master the details of the 
business. That he succeeded is demonstrated 
by the fact that he soon became known among 
the most prominent business men of Los An- 
geles, gradually relieving his father of much 
of the management, and to-day is recognized 
as a business man of unusual ability and 
executive requirements. During his years of 
business association he kept in close touch 
with all municipal improvements, and when 
in 1906 he received the election of the Demo- 
cratic Miters to the office of mayor, there were 
many who marveled at the ease and confidence 
with which he assumed the reins of govern- 
ment. It was nut, however, a misplaced judg- 
ment from a careless or superficial study of 
the conditions, but was rather the thoughtful 
research of a man and citizen bent upon the 
practical enlargement and improvement of af- 
fair-. X.i citizen at the time of his election 
could hav< been found to more perfectly grasp 
the detail- and mure intelligently manifest his 
abilit) in .nil. with the situation. His popu- 
larity as a citizen and a business man has fol- 
lowed him into his official position and he is 
than justifying the high regard which 
him there. Much is expected of him, 

and from his past record much will be re- 
ceived during his administration. 

In addition to his interests in the Harper- 
Reynolds Company, Mr. Harper is associated 
with various business concerns, being presi- 
dent of the Consolidated Pipe Company, was 
cashier of the State Bank & Trust Company, 
of which he is now vice-president ; organized 
the Southwestern Packing Company and was 
a prominent factor in 'the organization of the 
St. Louis Brick Company, and is also largely 
interested in many important real estate deals, 
as well as oil wells and gold mines. Socially 
he is a member of the Jonathan and Athletic 
Clubs, the Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion and the Democratic Club, in which he is 
an officer, and fraternally is identified with the 
Masons, being a Shriner ; belongs to the Ben- 
evolent Protective Order of Elks, the Eagles 
and Fraternal Brotherhood, and in spite of the 
many demands made upon his time is actively 
interested in all of them. His home is located 
in Los Angeles at No. 1128 West Twenty- 
eighth street, and is presided over by his wife, 
formerly Miss Minnie Hamilton, whom he mar- 
ried in chis city. They have five children, 
three sons and two daughters. Both as a man 
and a citizen Mr. Harper enjoys the esteem of 
his fellow citizens, honored for his sterling 
integrity, and with the confidence and trust of 
the people whom he is serving, bids fair to 
bring to his adopted city a material improve- 
ment and betterment in the municipal condi- 

heights to which men can rise are limited by their 
mental endowments and their physical powers. 
A rugged and stalwart physique, capable of long 
endurance, is not less necessary to success than a 
strong intellect and broad mental gifts, and the 
man who possesses the two qualifications enjoys 
the open sesame to power and prominence. In 
studying the success which Mr. McLachlan has 
attained and the prominent position to which he 
ha- risen we find that he owes much to a "sound 
mind in a sound body," for he inherited from a 
lung line of Scutch ancestors a robust constitu- 
tion, remarkable power of will, and a mind re- 



sponsive to training and cultivation. With these 
qualities, backed by tireless industry and energy, 
he has steadily worked his way forward unaided 
by moneyed friends or prestige until now he is 
in a position commanding the respect of all who 
know him. 

The bleak and rock-bound coast of the shire 
of Argyll. Scotland, was the home of generations 
of the McLachlan family, and Congressman Mc- 
Lachlan was born there in 1852, being a son of 
poor parents of honored name and honorable 
ancestry. When he was three years of age the 
family sought the larger opportunities of Amer- 
ica and crossed the ocean to New York, where 
they settled on a farm in Tompkins county. In 
that locality he learned the first lessons of life, 
attended country schools and aided in the farm 
work at home. Eager to acquire knowledge, and 
being a diligent student, he was ready to begin 
teaching when only sixteen years of age, and at 
that time took up the calling near his home. In 
his leisure hours he continued his studies so that 
he -fitted himself for a college course, and with 
the money earned in teaching he paid his ex- 
penses while at Hamilton College. From that 
institution he was graduated in 1878. after which 
he took up the study of law, and in 1880 was 
admitted to practice by the supreme court of the 
state of New York. Opening an office at Ithaca, 
N. Y., he built up a growing practice in that city 
and continued there until 1888, when he removed 
to California and took up professional practice in 
Pasadena, his present home. 

Ever since early youth Mr. McLachlan has 
been an active worker in the Republican party 
and has been prominently identified with political 
affairs in the various places of his residence. He 
is a forceful and convincing speaker and is con- 
sidered one of the best campaigners in the state. 
The first office he filled was that of school com- 
missioner of Tompkins county, to which position 
he was elected on his party ticket in 1877. Two 
years after coming to Los Angeles county he was 
elected district attorney and the splendid record 
which he made in that office not only established 
a precedent difficult to be surpassed by his suc- 
cessors, but also it brought him before the pub- 
lic in such a favorable light that his name was 
deemed worthy of consideration for higher offi- 
ces. The seventh district chose him to be their 

representative in the Fifty-fourth Congress, and 
again he was chosen to serve in the Fifty-seventh 
session. The ability with which he met his duties 
and the support which he gave to measures for 
the upbuilding of the coast country deepened the 
admiration of the people for his sterling qualities 
and led to his re-election as a member of the 
Fifty-eighth Congress. At this election he re- 
ceived nineteen thousand four hundred and seven 
votes, while the Democratic candidate, Carl Alex- 
ander Johnson, received eight thousand and 
seventy-five ; the socialist candidate, George H. 
Hewes, twelve hundred and sixty-one ; and the 
Prohibitionist candidate, Frederick F. Wheeler, 
eleven hundred and ninety-five. 

In 1904 Mr. McLachlan was elected to the 
Fifty-ninth Congress by an increased majority ; 
in 1906 w ? as re-elected to the Sixtieth Congress, 
and now devotes his attention largely to the dis- 
charge of his responsible' duties as representative 
of his district in the capital city of our nation. 
Most conspicuous among his services may be 
mentioned his efforts to secure the harbor at San 
Pedro and the million dollar appropriation for a 
postoffice at Los Angeles. In committee work he 
has been prominently connected with the river and 
harbor committee and as a member thereof he 
has worked in the interests of Southern Califor- 
nia. In every association of statesmanship his 
uprightness and sincerity of purpose have never 
been questioned, even by those whose opinions 
bring them into affiliation with other parties than 
his own. 

On the 26th of December, 1887, Mr. McLach- 
lan was married to Minnie J. Jones of Groton, N. 
Y.. and they came to California on their wedding 
trip. The\' had no intention of remaining per- 
manently, but finally concluded to make Pasa- 
dena their permanent home. Mr. McLachlan did 
not return east again until seven years later, when 
he went to Washington as representative to Con- 
gress. Mrs. McLachlan died of pneumonia Jan- 
uary 30, 1907, while Mr. McLachlan was hasten- 
ing home from Washington to be at her bed- 
side. Four children were born of the union of 
Mr. and Mrs. McLachlan: Anita J., Gladys K.. 
Marjorie J. and Douglas J. The family occupy 
a comfortable residence in Pasadena set in the 
midst of a well-kept lawn and attractive sur- 



J. BOND FRANCISCO. Nowhere on the 
American continent lias Nature so combined and 
blended her inexhaustible store of attractions as 
in Southern California, a fact which Edwin For- 
est, the noted actor, realized when he prophesied 
that actors, artists and singers, after searching 
the world over for an ideal spot, would finally 
locate in Southern California in preference to 
Southern France or Italy. It is unnecessary to 
enumerate the numerous instances of the fulfill- 
ment of this forecast further than to say that 
the histrionic profession was until recently here 
represented by the famous Modjeska, while art 
and music combined are represented by J. Bond 

It is shown from the early records that the 
Francisco family is of Spanish origin, although 
the representative from which Mr. Francisco de- 
scends subsequently established the family in 
France. From there its members found refuge 
m England as a result of the persecutions of 
the Huguenots, to which sect they belonged, and 
the first representative in the United States was 
Henry Francisco. For many years the family 
was identified with the Empire state in the vicin- 
ity of Whitehall, but in time became equally 
well known in Cincinnati. Ohio, where the father 
of J. Bond Francisco, Andrew W. Francisco, 
Sr., was born and lived the greater part of his 
long and useful life. A man of versatile talents 
and accomplishments, he was well known in 
newspaper circles as the founder of the Cincin- 
nati Enquirer, and as editor and proprietor of 
thi ' incinnati Penny Press, the Cincinnati Times 
and the Ohio State Journal of Columbus, and 
also the Commercial Telegram of Toledo. While 
connected with the latter paper he became in- 
ed in tin- Los Angeles Times through the 
influence • >( his friend < icneral Otis, and in the 
year [883 he took up hi> residence in this city. 
Always an anient Republican, his friends of like 
belief soon recognized his ability and fitness for 
public office, and the fulfillment of these duties 
resulted in his retiring from newspaper work al- 
r. At the time of his death he was serv- 
ing as the collector for the port of I. (is Angeles, 
to which he had been appointed by his old-time 
friend William McKinley. Mr. Francisco passed 
away in Los Angeles in 1897, while his wife, 
formerly Mis- Ella C. Clark, died here in 1893. 

Of the six children born to Andrew W. and 
Ella C. (Clark) Francisco, J. Bond is the fourth 
in order of birth and was born in Cincinnati, 
Ohio, December 14, 1864. Coming to California 
with his parents during boyhood, he early dis- 
played a taste for both music and drawing, his 
first training in the former art being under the 
direction of Prof. Herman Eckhardt, a noted 
violinist, who came to this country with Jenny 
Lind. He further pursued his musical studies 
abroad with Professor Wirth in Berlin, Benno 
Walter of Munich, and with the famous Leonard 
of Paris, during this time appearing frequently 
as the principal artist at musical gatherings in 
these three cities. While abroad he also studied 
painting with Hans Fechner and Franz Lippisch 
of Berlin, Nauen of Munich, and while in Paris 
he attended the famous academies Julian and 
Colarossi, studying under such masters as Bou- 
guereau, Fleury, Rixens, Coutoir, Dagnan and 
Blanc. While Mr. Francisco confines himself to 
no particular line of painting, the fact that he is 
a great lover of mountain and marine scenery 
finds these subjects more often depicted than 
any others, and while in Europe he made many 
sketches of the natural scenery in Switzerland, 
Tyrol, France and Germany. Probably none of 
the many California scenes which have been pro- 
duced under his brush has attracted the attention 
and favorable comment bestowed on his "Ma- 
tilija," which shows a sunset in the mountains. 
This now hangs in the rooms of the California 
Club, of Los Angeles, the gift of J. S. Slauson, 
Sr., who paid $2,000 for it. For several years 
Mr. Francisco maintained a studio in the Blan- 
chard building, where he received pupils from 
all over the United States, lessons being given 
in charcoal and oil. from cast, still life, heads, 
costumed figures and the nude. 

As is natural to expect Mr. Francisco's home 
is a "thing of beauty" and that it is a perpetual 
joy to him is best told in his own words : "The 
hours in which I may enjoy it are all too few." 
Here many musicians, artists, actors and numer- 
ous other persons of note have been hospitably 
received and entertained. Mr. Francisco's mar- 
riage was celebrated in Los Angeles and united 
him with Miss Nanette Gottschalk. They have 
one daughter living, to whom they have given 
the name Nanette Louise. Their first born, 

Tt.yfCL^ ^ 



Yvette, died at the age of three years. Airs. 
Francisco comes of a family well known in Los 
Angeles, she being the daughter of the late Judge 
Louis Gottschalk, of St. Louis, Mo., who before 
coming to the west had served as lieutenant- 
governor of Missouri and consul to Stuttgart. 
Socially Mr. Francisco is a member of the Sun- 
set and University Clubs, and fraternally is a 
Mason. Mr. Francisco and his wife are honored 
wherever known, for the talents which have 
brought him professional prominence are no less 
conspicuous in private and social life. 

medical profession of Los Angeles has in the 
above named gentleman a skilled and suc- 
cessful practitioner, who has done no little 
toward establishing the prestige which the city 
enjoys in this particular. Dr. Beckett is a 
native of the Pacific slope and although not 
born in California has spent all but the first 
few years of his life in the state. His father, 
Lemuel D. Beckett, who was born in New 
Jersey in 1818, became a farmer and merchant 
upon attaining years of maturity. In his native 
state he married Miss Sarah S. Chew and to- 
gether they made the trip across the plains to 
Oregon in 1852. Their home remained in that 
state for some years, when they located in 
California, where Mr. Beckett died April 27, 
1885, being survived by his wife until February 
22, 1905, when her death occurred at the home 
of her son, Dr. Beckett. Benjamin Chew, 
who was for many years Chief Justice of 
Pennsylvania, was a great uncle of Dr. 

May 31, 1857, in Forest Grove, Washington 
county, Ore., occurred the birth of Wesley 
Wilber Beckett, whose later boyhood years 
were spent principally in California, whither 
his parents removed. His elementary educa- 
tion was received in the public schools of the 
state, after which he became a student in 
Cooper Medical College, intent upon following 
the line of work which he had mapped out 
for himself. Later he matriculated in the 
College of Medicine of the University of South- 
ern California, graduating April 11, 1888. In 
the meantime he went to New York City and 

pursued a complete course of special studies 
in the New York Post-Graduate School and 
Hospital, receiving there the practical ex- 
perience which so ably fitted him to take up 
the practice of his profession, which he did im- 
mediately upon his location in Los Angeles 
in February, 1889, following his graduation. 
His work as physician and surgeon has won 
for him merited fame and financial returns and 
brought him a constantly widening circle of 
influence and usefulness. As a surgeon he 
ranks exceptionally high in Southern Califor- 
nia and has successfully performed many diffi- 
cult and dangerous operations. In the prime 
and vigor of progressive manhood, he takes 
the keenest interest in the advancement of his 
profession and is accounted one of the most 
thorough students in his line of work, devot- 
ing much time to the study of various medi- 
cal journals which always form a large part 
of his library. He has also won a position 
of prominence as a contributor of valuable 
articles to the Southern California Practitioner 
and to eastern publications, while as a mem- 
ber of the State Medical Society, in which he 
has served as vice-president, the Los Angeles 
County Medical Association, and the Southern 
California Medical Association, in both of 
which he was formerly president, his opinions 
are highly esteemed. 

Not alone for his work as a professional 
man, however, is Dr. Beckett held in high 
esteem, but also through his identification with 
many of the most important movements in 
public affairs. He is associated as director 
with various enterprises, among them the 
Pacific Mutual Life Insurance Company, the 
Broadway Bank & Trust Company, the Cali- 
fornia Hospital Company, and others of equal 
prominence. He holds the chair of gynecology 
in the medical department of the University 
of Southern California, in which institution he 
is also officiating as trustee, and has also 
served for one term as a member of the board 
of health of the city of Los Angeles. He is 
a member of the Los Angeles Chamber of 
Commerce. He is specially active along edu- 
cational lines, his early training, which was 
that of a school teacher for six years in San 
Luis Obispo county. Cal.. and also as deputy 



superintendent of schools in that county for 
two years, having served to keep his interest 
alive to advancement along this line. As a 
Republican in politics he gives his support 
to the men and measures of this party, al- 
though he is broad-gauged in his views and 
always interested in the maintenance of good 
municipal government. He is held in high 
regard by the Masons, of which organization 
he is a member, while in the work of religious 
advancement he is just as active. He belongs 
to the Westlake Methodist Episcopal Church, 
in which he officiates as trustee, and as has 
truly been said of him his hand is always 
giving support and help to those in need about 
him. His genial nature and genuine sym- 
pathy have combined to make of him a char- 
acteristic physician — successful but never de- 
spoiled of the gentler qualities of manhood ; 
firm but never harsh in the treatment he 
gives his patients; honest, liberal and optimi- 
stic in the face of much that might have 
changed his early views of life. 

Dr. Beckett's residence is architecturally one 
of the most beautiful in Los Angeles. It is 
on Harvard Boulevard, commanding a magni- 
ficent view of mountains, valley and city. It 
is presided over by his wife, formerly Miss 
Iowa Archer, whom he married on New Year's 
1 lay in 1882. She is the daughter of William C. 
and Mary M. Archer, early pioneers of Cali- 
fornia, who came to the state when their 
daughter was but four years old, her birth 
having occurred in Iowa. She is a woman of 
education and refinement and has impressed 
upon her sons, W'ilber Archer and Francis H., 
the qualities of manhood which have given to 
this family their place among the representa- 
tive citizens of Los Angeles. 

among the younger generation of influential men 
in Los Angeles is Rufus L. Horton, one of the 
leading attorneys and counsellors at law in this 

city. The record shows the Horton family to be 
of English origin, the immigrating ancestor to 
the new world establishing the family name in 
tin beautiful Mohawk valley. X. Y., during the 
early days of thai now prosperous commonwealth. 
A son of William Horton. the father of our sub- 

ject, Richmond Horton, was a native of the 
Empire state, but the pioneer spirit of his fore- 
fathers was strong within him and led him to 
seek a home in the newer surroundings in Mich- 
igan during his early manhood. He was ac- 
companied on this removal by his wife, who 
prior to her marriage was Anna M. Smith, a 
native of New Jersey. In Berrien county Mr. 
Horton became well known in commercial circles, 
having established a large flour and lumber busi- 
ness there which netted him a good income and 
placed him among the financially strong men of 
his community. Throughout his life he was a 
strong supporter of Masonic principles, and both 
in Michigan and in California, whither he came 
in 1887, he took a prominent part in the work of 
the order, especially in Los Angeles. Here as 
well as in Michigan he also became an integral 
part of the business community. 

During the residence of his parents in Michi- 
gan Rufus L. Horton was horn in Xiles, Sep- 
tember 2, 1861. He received his common and 
high school education in Ohio and attended 
college in Dallas, Tex., where he lived for ten 
years before he removed to Los Angeles in 1887. 
As his father was in comfortable circumstances 
he was free to follow his studies unincumbered 
by the thought of self-support, a condition which, 
coupled with the fact that he realized his privi- 
leges and made the most of his opportunities, re- 
sulted in his gaining a good education in the 
public and select schools. A predilection for 
the study of the law having early manifested 
itself he took up its mastery in earnest, passing 
the examinations with honors and being admitted 
to the bar in 1887. Opening an office for the 
practice of his profession in this city during the 
same year, his practice has since had a steady and 
continuous growth, with the result that today he 
is classed among the highest legal authorities in 
Los \ngeles. His office is located in the Henne 

Aside from his profession there is probably no 
subject in which Mr. Horton takes such a keen 
interest as in the matter of education, an in- 
terest which has been practically demonstrated in 
his service on the school board of this city. While 
a member of that body he was chairman of the 
high school course of study and purchasing com- 
mittee. It is safe to say that the Republican party 





has few if any more stanch defenders than Mr. 
Horton, whose campaign speeches ring forth 
party principles with no uncertain sound, and 
being an emphatic and convincing speaker natur- 
ally, his words have weight not only with those 
of like faith, but those of the opposite party are 
also led to adopt his views. Though he is actively 
interested in both local and state political affairs 
he is in no sense a politician, as that word is 
usually interpreted, and aside from his position 
on the school board has never consented to hold 
public office. He is a member of the University 
Club, the Chamber of Commerce and is also 
affiliated with the Masonic bodies. 

Mr. Horton was married July 15, 1890, to 
Millie Kurtz, the daughter of Dr. Joseph Kurtz, 
one of the pioneer physicians of Los Angeles. 
On the 10th of December, 1893, a son was born 
to Mr. and Mrs. Horton, to whom they have 
given the name of Joseph Kurtz, in honor of 
his maternal grandfather. The family home is 
pleasantly located at No. [633 West Twenty- 
fifth street. 

GEORGE W. LASHER, M.D. There are 
many who claim that no city in the United 
States can vie with Los Angeles in respect to 
the ability and skill of its physicians and sur- 
geons. Certainly it is true, that as a class, 
they are unsurpassed in intelligence and broad, 
professional knowledge. In the list of these 
men the name of Dr. Lasher occupies a promi- 
nent position. During the long period of his 
residence in Los Angeles he has established 
a valuable practice and a reputation for skill 
in his profession. Not only is he held in high 
esteem by permanent residents of the city, but 
there are frequent demands made on his time 
and professional services by visitors from the 
east, who have sought our genial clime in the 
hope of regaining health. 

The doctor is a descendant of an old and 
honored eastern family. The first American 
representative probably came from Germany 
prior to 1710. This was Sebastian Loscher 
the spelling of the name afterward being 
changed to its present form : he located in New 
York state, where he reared his family. Con- 
rad B., who represented the fifth generation. 

married and spent his entire life in that state. 
He was a participant in the Revolutionary 
war, serving in the Eleventh New York regi- 
ment. By occupation he was a farmer, fol- 
lowing this calling throughout his active years. 
At the time of his death he had reached the 
ripe age of ninety years, longevity being a 
distinguishing characteristic of the family. 
His son George C. married Catherine Decker, 
the daughter of German parents. In their 
family was a son, Robert W., who in young 
manhood followed his early training and en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits in his native 
state, where he now resides. He married Miss 
Eva Phillips, who was of Scotch-Irish and 
German parentage and transmitted the best 
qualities of these sturdy nations to her de- 
scendants. Born of this union were eleven 
children, five sons and six daughters, all of 
whom attained maturity. Two sons, Madison 
and Harmon, served in the Civil war, the for- 
mer being deceased, while the latter is now a 
resident of Germantown-on-the-Hudson. 

Born in Columbia count}, N. Y., May 15, 
[845, George W. Lasher passed the years of 
his boyhood on the paternal farm on the banks 
of the Hudson river. He received the rudi- 
ments of an education in the nearby district 
school, while at the same time he was the re- 
cipient of a practical training which has been 
no small factor in the success of his years of 
maturity. His common school course was 
supplemented by attending Hartwick Semi- 
nary, Otsego county, N. Y.. three miles south 
of Otsego lake, and in one of the most beauti- 
ful localities of the state. Grounded in the 
principles of his studies he finally took up 
teaching, following this for several terms, 
after which he read medicine with Dr. J. B. 
Hamilton, professor of surgery in Rush Medi- 
cal College, of Chicago, and ex-surgeon-gen- 
eraj of the LTnited States Marine service. In 
1872 he completed the course of stud}- in Rush 
Medical College and was graduated therefrom 
with honors, when he began the practice of 
his profession in Carrollton, 111. For ten years 
he remained in that location and became 
widely known throughout Greene county as 
one of the most successful physicians and sur- 
geons it afforded. In 1883 he was attracted 



to the west and accordingly came to Los An- 
geles, Cal., where he has ever since remained. 
He at once established a practice which with 
the passing years has grown to remunerative 
proportions, bringing him large financial re- 
turns and at the same time extending his circle 
of acquaintances and friends until he is one of 
the best known of the medical men of South- 
ern California. He is identified with various 
medical societies, among them the American 
Medical Association, California State Society, 
District and County Medical Associations, 
and was one of the founders of the school of 
medicine of the University of Southern Cali- 
fornia, in which he has been a professor of 
surgery since its organization. 

The doctor is a courteous gentleman, an up- 
right and progressive citizen and a man of 
such firm principles and honorable course of 
living that he deservedly enjoys the confidence 
of all who know him, and holds a high place 
in the citizenship of Los Angeles. 

throughout the state of California may be found 
the descendants of the pioneers of 1849 ar >d 
almost invariably they occupy positions of honor 
and high esteem among their associates, while in 
every instance chief among their characteristics 
is a deep affection for their home state and a 
loft) pride in its constant progress. None is 
more loyal to his city and commonwealth than 
Frank R. Strong, who is a native son of Califor- 
nia and one of the leading real-estate operators 
of Los Angeles. Descended from Vermont an- 
cestry, he is a son of Dr. Daniel Strong, a 
■ of [849 via Cape Horn to the Pacific 
coast. In common with the large majority of 
pioneers he tried his fortune in the mines and, 
like them too, he gained little save experience 
from his mining ventures, yet in other lines of 
activity he met with gratifying success. As early 
as [869 he became interested with Thomas Scott 
in the development of San Diego and there he 
remained a citizen until his death in 1888, mean- 
while accomplishing much in the interests of the 
city's permanent growth. At the time of the 
building of the Central mow the Southern) Pa- 
cific Railroad lie was interested in the project, 

bought stock in the company and served as a 
member of its board of directors. Other move- 
ments of like importance received the benefit of 
his encouraging sympathy and practical aid. 

After coming to the west Dr. Strong met and 
married Miss Mary Cadien of Stockton, a native 
of Milwaukee, Wis., and in later years a resident 
of San Diego, where she died two years before 
his demise. Two daughters and one son were 
born of their union, namely : Mildred, deceased ; 
Lottie, wife of Warren F. McGrath of Los An- 
geles ; and Frank R., who was born in San 
Diego, January 5, 1871. The last-named received 
his education in the grammar and high schools of 
San Diego and in a commercial college. On 
starting out to earn his own livelihood he turned 
his attention to the real-estate business and se- 
cured employment with the Easton-Eldridge Com- 
pany of San Diego, under whom during the four 
years of his service he gained a thorough knowl- 
edge of local land values as well as the laws re- 
garding titles, sales and deeds of sale. 

After a brief experience as a real-estate broker 
in San Diego, under the firm title of Strong & 
Arms, in 1895 Mr. Strong gave up his office in 
that city and came to Los Angeles, which with 
shrewd foresight he believed to be the best open- 
ing for operators in real estate. For five years 
he conducted a partnership with F. 1!. Wilde, one 
of the originators of the Easton-Eldridge Com- 
pany and when their relationship was discontinued 
he formed a partnership with George W. Dickin- 
son as Strong & Dickinson. In his well-equipped 
office on Second and Broadway he superintends 
large interests and negotiates important transfers 
of property, also engages in the handling and sub- 
division of large tracts of suburban real estate, 
and fills the office of president of the Los An- 
geles Abstract and Title Company. Few men 
have wider interests than he in real-estate opera- 
tions, and his name is now on the directors' list 
of twenty-five different land corporations, which 
indicates the wide range of his activities and in- 
terests. Indeed few men have gained greater suc- 
cess than he in the management of real-estate 
affairs and while selling and buying for others 
he has also bought to a large extent for him- 
self, so that he now owns considerable valuable 
city property. While living in San Diego in 1892 
he married Miss Pari Flagg of that city, by 


<rtut* ErrtuoJ^i-tstf. 



whom he has one daughter, Mildred. Reared in 
the Republican faith, he has always allied himself 
with that party and has been actively identified 
with its local affairs. The only fraternal or- 
ganization with which he is identified at this writ- 
ing is the Ramona Parlor, Native Sons of the 
Golden West, while socially he is a member of the 
Union League and Los Angeles Country Clubs. 
Movements for the development of his home city- 
receive his stanch support. Loyal to the city, 
optimistic regarding its future, keen and dis- 
criminating as to investments, he finds in his 
chosen occupation a congenial field for his 

narily I deem it well for a person to leave his 
biography to be written by others after he 
has completed his career. 

Yours very truly, 

John D. Bicknell. 

JOHX D. BICKXELL, answering our re- 
quest for the data for a brief sketch of his life, 
wrote us as follows: 

Los Angeles, Calif., Nov. 5, 1907. 
Historic Record Co.. Los Angeles, Calif. 

Gentlemen : Answering your request that I 
furnish you a sketch of my life to be used by 
you in your History' of Los Angeles and Envi- 
rons, will state that I was born in Chittendon 
county, Vermont, June 25th, 1838. About the 
year 1850 my parents removed to Wisconsin. 
Was educated in the public schools, Albion 
Academy, and the State University of Wiscon- 
sin. Moved to Howard county, Missouri, early 
in 1859. In the spring of i860 joined a company 
of immigrants and crossed the plains from 
Missouri river to California with an ox train. 
I had charge of the train. Was five and one- 
half months making the trip to Sacramento. 
In 1862 was prospecting in the wilderness lying 
north and east of Fort Walla Walla, in the 
State of Washington. Returned to Wisconsin 
in the year 1863 and entered the University of 
that state. Was admitted as an attorney at law 
in the Supreme Court of the State of Wiscon- 
sin in 1865. Commenced practice of law in 
Dade county, Missouri, in the spring of 1867, 
and remained there until 1872. when I moved 
to Los Angeles, and ever since that time until 
very recently have been in the active practice 
of my profession in this city. Whatever record 
I have made as an attorney at law is incor- 
porated and forms a part of the records of the 
courts of this state. While it is true I have had 
more or less to do in helping our citizens in 
building up Los Angeles, from a town of about 
eight thousand inhabitants in 1872, to its pres- 
ent population, yet it does not occur to me that 
there are any facts other than above stated 
which would be of anv general interest. Ordi- 

JOHN HYDE BRALY. In the colonial days 
of our history John Braly, a Scotch-Irish Presby- 
terian, left the land of the Covenanters and found- 
ed a home among the pines of North Carolina. 
He reared a family of four sons, of whom the 
youngest, James, was born during the war of the 
Revolution. He grew to manhood in his native 
state and in 1799 married Ruth McCullough, a 
daughter of one of the first families of the Caro- 
linas, and like himself reared in the Presbyterian 
faith. The spirit of immigration was strong up- 
on them, and in 181 1 they became pioneers of the 
territory of Missouri, then the frontier, event- 
ually locating in St. Louis county, where they 
spent the remainder of their lives. They reared 
a family of seven children, namely : Frank, John 
E., James, Finis, Carolina, Ann and Ruth. The 
second son, John Eusebius Braly. was born in 
North Carolina January 28, 1805, and was there- 
fore a little more than six years old when the 
family removed from the Atlantic coast to the 
Mississippi valley. Among the primitive sur- 
roundings of a beginning civilization he grew to 
manhood, and May 6, 1829, was united in mar- 
riage with Susan Hyde. She was also a native 
of North Carolina, her birth occurring July 3, 
1805. Her father. John Hyde, born in South 
Carolina, was a descendant of Lord Hyde, of 
England. He married Elizabeth Shuck, of Penn- 
sylvania, and in 1816 they moved with their fam- 
ily of ten children to the territory of Missouri, 
and settled in Franklin county, where Mr. Hyde 
was shortly afterward assassinated by Indians, 
The life of the pioneer mother in the rearing of 
her large family, in the midst of trial, privation 
and danger, was one which surely tried her soul, 
but as surely proved her right to be enrolled 
among the beginners of a nation. Both herself 
and husband were strong Methodists and reared 
their children in this faith. 

Their heritage of pioneer instinct proved 
stronger than the comforts of a well-established 
home, and in 1847 John E. Braly and his wife, 
with their seven children, followed the westward 

,-)SI I 


trend of civilization for the land that then was 
but little known — California. They began the 
journey in the spring of the year, equipped with 
ox-teams and all necessary provisions; at Fort 
Hall they met General Harney, who told them of 
the California revolution and the Donner dis- 
aster and persuaded them to change their course 
toward ( (regon. The trials of that journey can 
never be realized by the present generation, who 
cross the continent in less than three days, en- 
throned in the luxury unsurpassed by all the 
comforts and elegance of home, — Pullman, din- 
ing and observation cars. They might be said 
to have crept westward, covering a small portion 
of their journey each day, traveling across bar- 
ren tracts of land, under a burning, pitiless sun, 
with danger always with them and a constant 
outlook required to guard against a surprise 
from the Indians; however, they reached Dr. 
Whitman's mission in October, all surviving the 
strain and hardships of the wearisome trip. After 
resting they went on to The Dalles, and there 
learned of the dreadful massacre by the Indians 
of the mission they had just left. Everything but 
beds and clothing were left at The Dalles, while 
the party worked their way in Indian boats under 
the pelting rains and snows down the Columbia 
river to the present site of Portland, arriving on 
Christmas Day, 1847, after a journey of nearly 
nine months. 

Oregon did not remain their home long, for 
on Christmas of 1850 they were permanently 
located in the Santa Clara valley, where the 
father and mother passed the remainder of their 
lives. Mr. Braly was a Cumberland Presbyte- 
rian preacher and one of the organizers of the 
first church of that faith in Oregon in 1848, also 
"Hi of the three ministers that organized the 
first Cumberland Presbyterian presbytery of Cal- 
ifornia at his own home in Santa Clara in 1851. 
Throughout his entire life he was a devoted ex- 
ponent of his religious beliefs, and better even 
than his precepts was the exemplification in his 
the highest Christian ideals. Vie was 
nniversall) honored for the qualities of his man- 

h 1. dei lonstrated in all his walks of life, — 

his patience and courage in the midst of a pioneer 
civilization ; his persistence in the face of all 
obstacles; the triumphant culmination of his life 
— June 10, 1898, — "falling asleep in Jesus." In 

his wife he had a worthy helpmate and one who 
never failed him in all their years of union, — a 
tender, gracious, womanly woman, a faithful 
Christian, and unselfish in her wifehood, mother- 
hood, and the sisterhood which she gave to all 
mankind. She was spared to bless the younger 
generation for an unusual number of years, pass- 
ing away in 1898, when nearly ninety-three years 
old. Her seven children were all natives of 
Franklin county. Mo., and named in order of 
birth were as follows: Sarah Ann, James Co- 
lumbus, John Hyde, Margaret Elizabeth. Frank 
Clark, Susan Isabella and Eusebius Alexander. 
Some years prior to their passing away both her- 
self and husband made their home with their eld- 
est daughter, Sarah, who married Dr. Benjamin 
Cory, of San Jose. 

The third child in the family of his parents, 
John Hyde Braly was born in Franklin county, 
Mo., January 24, 1835, and as a lad of twelve 
years accompanied his parents across the plains 
to the section of country which has ever since re- 
mained the scene of their activities. The trip, 
which to the elder members of the family meant 
grave responsibilities and burdensome duties, was 
to him one long summer of novelty and interest 
— the camping places, the gorgeous scenery, the 
gayly decorated tribes of Indians who forced them 
to pay tribute in the shape of flour and bacon, all 
remain in his memory as links in a chain which 
led to their far-away home in the Mississippi 
valley. Their arrival at the mission in Oregon 
was not so much an event in their journey as 
their leaving it, a movement impelled by the 
premonition of the mother of the family, who, al- 
though ill with the mountain fever, was so im- 
portunate in her desire to go that she was placed 
on a bed in a wagon, and the march was resumed 
toward The Dalles, which place was reached in 
about three weeks. There the news had preceded 
them of the terrible massacre at the mission, 
which meant the beginning of the Cayuse war. 

Leaving their wagons, cattle and nearly all of 
their effects at The Dalles, they took Indian 
canoes and moved down the Columbia river, 
finally reaching the Cascade Falls. There the 
men built a flat boat on which they floated down 
below the falls to the mouth of the Willamette 
river, and worked their way up to where Port- 
land now stands. It was then a dense forest. On 



Christmas eve, for the first time in nearly nine 
months, the Braly family found themselves under 
the shelter of a roof, and the pattering of the 
rain above them must surely have sounded like 
the sweetest music in their ears, knowing they 
were safe from its discomforts. The early spring 
of '49 found them en route once more for Cali- 
fornia, and in July they reached a little settle- 
ment on the Sacramento river called Fremont, 
where they stopped, built a log house and called 
the place their home until December of the fol- 
lowing year. The Santa Clara valley held out 
attractions which made them seek that spot for 
a permanent home and near the old mission of 
Santa Clara was established the family home- 
stead, which so remained up to the death of the 
father. While living in Fremont the two sons, 
James and John H, freighted provisions and all 
kinds of miner's supplies to the mining camps 
of Roses Bar, Nevada, Grass Valley, etc., finding 
it a lucrative occupation. On one six days' trip 
one wagon and team earned $600, while a driver, 
hired for one trip, was paid at the rate of $16 
per day, or one ounce of gold dust. 

Mr. Braly was seventeen years old before he 
acquired the rudiments of an education, beyond 
such instruction as that received in the home, as 
there were no school facilities in those early 
pioneer days. About that time a county sub- 
scription school was organized and the elder Mr. 
Braly subscribed for five scholars. John H. 
Braly became a student and there acquired the 
thirst for knowledge which led him eventually 
into the paths of an educator. Until attaining 
the age of twenty-one he availed himself of the 
opportunities presented by the schools of the 
Pacific coast, among them the University of the 
Pacific, when he gained the consent of his parents 
to return east to complete his education. In 
November, 1856. he took passage on the John 
L. Stevens to Panama, crossed the Isthmus, and 
on another steamer made the journey to New 
Orleans via the beautiful bay of Havana. At 
New Orleans he took passage on one of the mag- 
nificent steamers on the Mississippi river to 
Tennessee, where in Lebanon he spent the en- 
suing three years of his life as a student of Cum- 
berland University. Diligence and persistence 
won him the honors of his class in his graduation, 
and in the summer of 1859 he once more found 

himself a resident of California. Shortly after 
his return to the state he was called to the man- 
agement of a little college in Old Sonoma Town, 
in Sonoma county, known as Cumberland Col- 
lege, where he presided as president for two 
years. Mr. Braly had not contemplated follow- 
ing this occupation upon his return to California, 
having planned to take up the study of law, but 
finding himself without means and with the abil- 
ity to enter this field of labor he felt impelled to 
take this step. It is certain that he could never 
regret the active, earnest service of the ensuing 
twenty-five years, for his usefulness could not 
have been surpassed in any other field of labor. 
He brought to bear in his work of instructor a 
characteristic enthusiasm and energy, a conscien- 
tious preparation and oversight, which accom- 
plished results that placed him among the suc- 
cessful educators of the state. Resigning his po- 
sition in 1861 he was married in the fall of that 
year to Miss Martha Jane Hughes, of Hayward, 
Alameda county, Cal. Together they established 
a boarding and day school in the beautiful little 
valley of San Ramon, Contra Costa county, in 
which location Mr. Braly continued for two or 
three years. Disposing of these interests he then 
returned to his farm in Santa Clara county and 
at the same time that he carried on agricultural 
pursuits taught the neighborhood school. In 
1865 he rented his farm and assumed charge of 
the St. Helena schools in Napa county, in which 
occupation he continued for two years, when he 
once more returned to Santa Clara county, where 
he was elected county superintendent. He was 
one among the first trustees of the State Normal 
School when it was located in San Francisco, and 
also became a member of the board of trustees 
when it was located in San Jose, being one of the 
building committee that erected the first normal 
building. In the spring of 1873 he was elected 
vice-president of the San Jose Normal School, 
which position he held for eleven years, resign- 
ing December 20, 1883. 

Mr. Braly's retirement from educational work 
was for the purpose of taking up some line of 
business which would enable him to give his chil- 
dren better advantages. He had met with con- 
stant success as a teacher, his enthusiasm and en- 
ergy as well as ability, a motive power in many of 
the noteworthv achievements in the county. He 



loved his work and gave himself to it, retiring 
before enthusiasm was lost. In 1883 he located 
with his family in Fresno, organized the first bank 
there, the First National, and also planted an 
orchard and raisin vineyard just outside the town. 
Success accompanied both efforts and Air. Braly 
found himself well launched upon the business 
life which he had essayed. During his residence 
in Fresno he organized the Selma Bank and the 
Bank of Tulare, and had the management of all 
three banks until his removal to San Diego in 
the winter of 1887-8. In the latter city he or- 
ganized the Bank of San Diego and soon con- 
solidated it with the First National of that place, 
of which he had the management for two years, 
during the terrible tumbling of values and de- 
pression following the bursting of the boom. 

Perhaps the most trying part of Mr. Braly's 
life was passed in San Diego. In April of 1888 
he lost a daughter and the following spring Mrs. 
Braly's mother, Mrs. Hughes, who was making 
her home with the family, also passed away. His 
health became impaired and he found it necessary 
to give up all business. After resigning his posi- 
tion in the bank and selling out his interest in 
San Diego, he returned t6 the old home in San 
Jose. There they spent the winter of 1890 in the 
midst of the scenes of his early activities and 
brightest days. In the following spring they re- 
turned to Southern California and in Los An- 
geles became identified with business interests, 
chief of which was Mr. Braly's connection with 
the Southern California Savings Bank. Through 
this movement great tilings have been accom- 
plished, the bank growing from a modest begin- 
ning to one of the most substantial banks of this 
character on the Pacific coast. This bank was 
organized on the [6th day of January, 1885, and 
was first located on the corner of Spring and 
Court streets, in a small room 20x40 feet. In 
1891 Mr. Braly and his son, Arthur H. Braly, 
became actively identified with its affairs, two 
years later Mr. Braly becoming president and his 
son cashier. Through the trying times of '93 
Mr. Braly gave hi- strongest efforts to sustain- 
ing the bank and succeeded in keeping its doors 
open, continuing in business and at the same time 
enlarging its quarters and adding equipment. 
Nearly one year passed before the bank felt safe 
in risking a small mortgage loan. Gradually con- 

fidence was restored, business improved and the 
future assumed a brighter outlook. Prosperity 
returned in full measure and with it the for- 
tunes of the Southern California Savings Bank 
were assured. The business continued to grow 
until in March, 1902, the directors, believing in 
the future of the city of Los Angeles and South- 
ern California, concluded on the erection of a 
substantial building. Today one of the most 
beautiful business blocks in the city is the result 
of this decision. It stands at the corner of Fourth 
and Spring streets, a twelve-story, fire and earth- 
quake proof building and is owned by the Union 
Trust Company, until recently bearing the name 
of the Braly Building, in honor of the man who 
was a prime factor in its erection. The first floor 
of this building is occupied by the bank which has 
for its home one of the finest rooms west of the 
Mississippi river; the public space is wainscoted 
in oriental marble, the counter fronts being of the 
same ; the screens above the counters are of solid 
bronze metal of beautiful design and workman- 
ship, while the interior fittings are of solid ma- 
hogany. A waiting room, equipped with cozy 
seats, desks and telephones, is a feature of note. 
Lighting and ventilation have received particular 
attention and are among the most noteworthy 
features of the building. The offices above are 
especially handsome, roomy, light and well venti- 
lated, and both attractive and convenient for the 
conduct of business. 

Mr. Braly's home is located at No. 38 St. James 
Park and well indicates the refinement and cul- 
ture of its occupants. Mrs. Braly is a woman of 
gracious dignity and kindliness and during the 
years of their married life has proven a faithful 
helpmate in all her husband's undertakings. She 
was born in Washington county, Mo., November 
23, 1842, a daughter of Zachariah Hughes. He 
was a native of Blount county, Tenn., born in 
1795, a high-grade, Protestant, Irish gentleman, 
in quality and character a great and good man. 
He was twice married and was the father of thir- 
teen children. His second marriage, with Per- 
melia Edgar Jamison, occurred in April, 1832, he 
being a widower with six children and she a 
widow with two. She was a niece of the Rev. 
Finis Ewing. founder of the Cumberland Presby- 
terian Church. She was born in Gallatin county, 
Kv.. Ma\ 26. 1806, and in her eighteenth year 

\/(ytCtA J ^L 




was married to John Jamison, by whom she had 
two children. Left a widow when twenty-four 
years old, she married Mr. Hughes two years 
later and became the mother of seven children : 
Jabez, Fisk, George, Wesley, Martha Jane, Lucy 
and Frank. Mr. Hughes died at his beautiful 
home at Eden Vale, Alameda county, September 
22, 1867. Mrs. Hughes shortly afterward be- 
came a member of her daughter's home, where 
she remained until her death at San Diego, before 
mentioned. She was a woman of rare worth of 
character, revered and beloved by husband, chil- 
dren and neighbors. It has been beautifully said 
of her, "love controlled her heart and love con- 
trolled her tongue." With her husband she had 
become a pioneer of California in 1852, he hav- 
ing previously made a trip in 1849, re- 
turning home in 1851, and bringing his 
family across the plains a year later. In 
Eden Vale they established one of the 
most beautiful homes in Alameda county, where 
he and his wife lived and toiled for their children 
until the day he passed to the still brighter home 

The name of John Hyde Braly swells the roll 
call of men who build for all time, and whose in- 
terest^ are of such practical and essential nature 
that their successors must follow closely in their 
footsteps or lag behind in the march of progress 
and civilization. The superstructure of his life is 
founded upon the resources of a great, new state, 
and upon those universal principles of toleration 
and humanity which man, from the age of civil- 
ization, has cherished as his highest ideals. He 
has always been devoted to the cause of education, 
encouraging a high standard and personally in- 
teresting himself in the erection of many schools 
in both Santa Clara and Los Angeles counties. 
It has been said of him that no appeal for assist- 
ance in behalf of a worthy public enterprise of 
whatever nature was ever made to him in vain. 
He is a man of great generosity of heart, con- 
tributing liberally and cheerfully of his means 
toward the relief of suffering wherever he sees 
it. In religion he is a member of the Emanuel 
Presbyterian Church. His religion is a part of 
his life, living and giving the two principles up- 
on which he has done business. He is widely 
known as a man of unimpeachable honor, and all 
his transactions in business are free from that 

narrow and selfish spirit so characteristic of the 
modern commercial world. He is liberal in char- 
acter, broad in his friendships, and in spite of en- 
grossing cares has never allowed business to be 
the chief and only aim of his life; he is a promi- 
nent Mason, being a Knight Templar and a thirty- 
second degree Scottish Rite Mason ; is a valued 
member in social circles ; and a husband and 
father whose happiest hours have been passed in 
the sacred atmosphere of home. He has two sons 
and one daughter living (having lost two daugh- 
ters and one son) : Arthur H, vice-president and 
cashier of the Southern California Savings Bank; 
Harold H, a mining and civil engineer ; and 
Emma Louise, who is now the wife of H. G. 
Bundrem, a harness merchant of Los Angeles. 
They have been faithfully reared in the belief of 
their ancestors, all being members of Emanuel 
Church. From whatever point of view Mr. 
Braly 's career be regarded it may safely be said 
that he is one of the representative men of Los 
Angeles. The record of his well-spent and nobly 
inclined life is one to which his descendants may 
revert with feelings of pride, conscious of the 
knowledge that he is entitled to a conspicuous 
place in the historical literature of the state of 
California, in whose early development he took 
an active and important part. 

Markham family, represented in California by 
Hon. Henry H. Markham, former congress- 
man and governor of the state, was established 
in America during the colonial period of our 
history. In Connecticut the name flourished 
for many generations, a motive power in polit- 
ical, professional and business life of New 
England. In Brookfield, Conn., March 2, 1738, 
occurred the birth of Brazilla Markham, to 
whom manhood brought the responsibilities of 
business life. He settled in Pittsford, Vt., 
and later in Essex county, N. Y., his death 
occurring in the latter state, in the town of 
Wilmington, June 1, 1824. His wife, formerly 
Ann Whittaker, was born September 1, 1758, 
and died in Wilmington in 1804. In their 
family was a son, Nathan B., who was born 
in Pittsford, Vt., April 27, 1796, and who in 
manhood followed the training of his youth 



and engaged in a business career. For many- 
years he was located in Wilmington, N. Y., as 
an iron manufacturer. Later in life he re- 
moved to Manitowoc. Wis., where his death 
occurred January 22, 1882. He was a man of 
strong integrity and honor and became one 
of the most prominent citizens in the com- 
munity he made his home. Fraternally he 
was a Royal Arch Mason ; politically he was 
a Whig during the existence of that party, 
and afterward became a stanch Republican. 
He was early taught the principles of patriot- 
ism, and as a lad of eighteen years served as 
a minute man in the war of 181 2, participating 
in the battle of Plattsburg, in 1814. The mus- 
ket he carried is now in the possession of his 
son, Hon. H. H. Markham, who values it 
highly. The fortunes of Nathan B. Markham 
were allied by marriage with those of an old 
Scotch family long established on American 
soil. Susan McLeod, to whom he was united 
in Wilmington, New York, May 10, 1827, was 
born in Sullivan, N. H., September 22, 1801, 
a daughter of Deacon Thomas and Patty 
(Wilder) McLeod, natives respectively of 
Boston, Mass., and Sullivan. N. H. In 1790 
Mr. MeLeod located in Sullivan, where he re- 
mained for some years, later removing to 
Essex county, N. Y., where he engaged in 
farming until his death. He was an influential 
man in the county and held a prominent place 
in the Presbyterian Church. His wife, born 
in 1794, was the representative of an old co- 
lonial family of New England. On October 
15, 1882, less than a year after her husband's 
death Mrs. Markham passed away. She was 
the mother of ten children, six sons and four 
daughters, all of whom lived to manhood and 
womanhood. Four of the sons became law- 
yers and were prominent in their profession. 
J. D. is a practicing attorney in Manitowoc, 
Wis.; Alice married John Killen and died in 
Manitowoc, Wis.; Byron, deceased, was a 
business man of New Lisbon, Wis. ; Perley 
in Benzonia, Wis.; Elisha Alden re- 
sides in Groton, Mass.; Clarissa became the 
wife of Nelson Darling and died in New Lis- 
bon; Delia died in New York; Henry H. is 
the subject of this review; Earl died in Nee- 
nah, Wis.; and George C. is an attorney and 

first vice-president of the Northwestern Mu- 
tual Life Insurance Company of Milwaukee. 

Henry H. Markham was born in Wilming- 
ton, N. Y., November 16, 1840, and was there 
reared to young manhood. A common school 
education was supplemented by a course in 
Wheeler's Academy, Vermont, from which in- 
stitution he was graduated in the spring of 
1862. Removing to Manitowoc about this 
time, in the same year he enlisted in Company 
G, Thirty-second Wisconsin Infantry, for 
service in the Civil war, and from Madison 
was ordered into camp in Tennessee. His 
services following were those of hardship and 
danger, but were borne with the courage and 
fortitude which were a part of his inheritance. 
He marched with Sherman to the sea, and 
thence started north through the Carolinas, 
receiving a wound at River's Bridges, Salt 
Kahatcha river, S. C, February 3, 1865, which 
incapacitated him. He was sent to Beaufort, 
S. C, whence upon his recovery he went north 
and was mustered out of service in Milwaukee 
July 23, 1865, with the rank of second lieuten- 

Immediately following his return to civic 
life Mr. Markham entered the law office of 
Waldo, Ody & Van, of Milwaukee, and pur- 
sued his studies with such persistence that he 
was admitted to the bar of the state and the 
United States supreme court in 1867. He at 
once began the practice of his profession in 
Milwaukee and two years later took into part- 
nership his brother, George C. Markham. 
They were successful in building up a large 
and constantly increasing clientele, whose de- 
mands upon the time and attention of Mr. 
Markham told seriously upon his health. 
Much against his desire he was compelled to 
relinquish his practice in 1879 and on the 22d 
of February of that year he came to Pasadena, 
Cal., where he hoped to recover his strength 
and vigor. Shortly after his arrival he pur- 
chased twenty-two and a half acres between 
Fair Oaks and Orange Grove avenues. In 
1887 he erected a magnificent residence on 
Pasadena avenue, and has since then beauti- 
fied the grounds and surroundings until he 
has made of his home one of the most delight- 



ful and attractive places in Southern Cali- 

It was almost impossible for Mr. Markham 
to do otherwise than take a prominent part in 
political affairs of his community, as he was 
peculiarly equipped by education and expe- 
rience to become a leader among men. In 
1884, chosen by his party as a candidate for 
congress from the Sixth District (which in- 
cluded the counties from San Mateo to San 
Diego, fourteen in all), he threw himself act- 
ively into the canvass and visited all but three 
of the counties. He was elected by a majority 
of five hundred votes, his predecessor, a Dem- 
ocrat, having received thirty-two hundred plu- 
rality. Significant of his success was the fact 
that upon the expiration of his term his own 
party held the convention open two days wait- 
ing for his acceptance and the Democrats tele- 
graphed him that they would put no one in 
nomination and the election would be his with- 
out opposition. He declined the honor, how- 
ever, and returned to his California home. Al- 
though as a congressman Mr. Markham ac- 
complished much for his district the greatest 
feature of his work was the recognition he 
secured for Southern California, which up to 
that time had scarcely been regarded as a 
community of any size or power. Through 
his efforts a United States court was estab- 
lished in Southern California and also as a 
member of the committee on rivers and har- 
bors he was instrumental in starting a move- 
ment in favor of a harbor here. Loyal to the 
cause of the soldiers who served with him in 
the Civil war he was active in securing the 
establishment of one of the National homes in 
Santa Monica, which has since become known 
as the Pacific Branch of the National Home 
for Disabled Soldiers, and he was afterward 
elected by congress as a manager of these 
homes and devoted much time to their direc- 
tion, exercising supervision of the one at Santa 
Monica. Upon being elected governor he re- 
signed his office as manager. Through Mr. 
Markham was secured the transfer of the head- 
quarters of the regular army from Arizona to 
Los Angeles, and in this city they remained 
until the second administration of Cleveland, 
which meant the bringing into the state of 

about $3,500,000 annually. In order to assist 
the old soldiers in securing pensions he hired 
?.n assistant and paid him $75 per month out 
of his own pocket. In the meantime, finding 
the appropriation for the Home to be insuffi- 
cient, he went to Washington, D. C, at his 
own expense and secured an appropriation of 
$187,000 for its completion. 

He became candidate at the earnest de- 
mands of the citizens of Southern California, 
and in opposition to ex-Mayor Pond, of San 
Francisco (Democratic), he was elected gov- 
ernor in 1890, receiving a majority of eight 
thousand votes, and on the 7th of January of 
the following year took the oath of office. In 
January, 1895, his term of service completed, 
he retired once more to private life. During 
his administralion occurred the Columbian 
Exposition at Chicago and for this he secured 
an appropriation of $300,000, which was the 
largest raised by any state, with the exception 
of Illinois, and selected a board of commis- 
sioners, to whom he gave entire charge. This 
exhibit was a motive power in the attraction 
of thousands to the state of California. Among 
other important movements he secured the 
adoption of the Australian ballot system in 
the state, which is now a part of every party 
platform. He compelled the Southern Pacific 
Railroad to pay back-taxes amounting to $1.- 
300,000, and in countless ways gave to the 
upbuilding of the state and the development 
of its best interests. One important pledge 
made by him in the executive position was 
carried out — that the state tax should not ex- 
ceed fifty cents on the valuation of $100. 

In Chicago, 111., Governor Markham was 
united in marriage with Miss Mary A. Dana, 
who was born in Wyoming, 111., and educated 
in Rockford Female Seminary, from which 
institution she was graduated. Her father, 
Giles C. Dana, a business man of Waukesha, 
Wis., traced his ancestry to an old eastern 
family, among other colonial men of power 
and prominence claiming relationship with Is- 
rael Putnam. Mr. and Mrs. Markham became 
the parents of the following children: Marie, 
a graduate of Leland Stanford University in 
the class of 1900; Alice A., educated at Throop 
Institute ; Gertrude ; Hildreth ; and Genevieve, 


who died in Sacramento in 1891, at the age of 
seven years. In his fraternal relations Mr. 
Markham is identified with the Masonic or- 
ganization, being a member of Corona Lodge, 
F. & A. M.; Pasadena Chapter, R. A. M. ; 
Pasadena Consistory, Pasadena Commandery, 
K. T.; and Al Malaikah Temple, A. A. O. N. 
M. S., of Los Angeles. In memory of his 
"days and nights on the battlefield" he is a 
member of John F. Godfrey Post, G. A. R., 
and the California Commandery Loyal Le- 
gion. In local affairs no citizen has taken 
greater interest in the upbuilding of the city 
of Pasadena and the general welfare of South- 
ern California. He was instrumental in or- 
ganizing the First National Bank of Pasa- 
dena, in which he served as a director, while 
he was also identified with the movement 
which resulted in securing the street railways 
for Pasadena, and the building of the Santa 
Fe Railroad. Fie was most active in his ef- 
forts to secure a harbor for Southern Califor- 
nia, realizing keenly the need of one, and in 
this connection it is impossible to estimate the 
value of his labors. In April, 1904, he was 
again elected by congress as manager of the 
National Home for the period of six years. 

It is not necessary to eulogize on the life of 
Governor Markham, for wherever his name is 
known it is honored. His life has been one of 
prominence, and through it all he has main- 
tained the high standard of excellence which 
has made it possible for him to stand fear- 
lessly in the light of public scrutiny. He 
seemed endowed by nature with those quali- 
ties essential to leadership — a keen, forceful, 
logical mind, an unusual executive ability, and 
added to this an unswerving integrity and 
honor which have given him a wide and last- 
ing influence. No public man of California 
has retired to private life with more of honor 
or esteem by his fellow citizens, whether of 
his party or another; so strong lias been the 
impression made by him that his deepest in- 
terest lay in an advancement of the state's 
• ■ Ifare rather than his own. 

<H XKI.i'S CASSAT DAVIS. Among the 

ys of Los Angeles is Charles Cas- 

vh, who is prominent in legal, financial 

and social circles. Of a strong personality, great 
force of character, and rare mental attainments, 
he is justly entitled to the honorable position that 
he holds as one of the most brilliant lawyers of 
the city ; through persistency of purpose and zeal, 
intelligently and unerringly directed, he has 
achieved success at the bar and in financial cir- 
cles. He is and has always been an inveterate 
worker, deep thinker and great traveler; has a 
high sense of honor and integrity ; belongs to a 
good family ; is of a genial and hospitable nature ; 
extremely cool, self possessed and calculating un- 
der trying conditions ; and a gentleman under all 
circumstances. His caution is large, but it is 
offset by a large hope ; his moral faculties are 
stnmg and active ; his intuitions and first impres- 
sions and presentiments have almost invariably 
been correct and have been his guide in a large 
measure in his successful dealings with strangers 
and with men in general. He is possessed of 
unbounded benevolence, is philanthropic, large- 
minded, liberal and public-spirited and has always 
been in advance of his times in all matters re- 
lating to public welfare. He is a natural critic 
and has an analytic mind : is a high idealist 
and a man of great order, a lover of art, books 
and nature. There is an undercurrent of thought 
and philosophy permeating his nature ; he spares 
neither time nor labor in any cause or other busi- 
ness in which he is engaged. 

Mr. Davis was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 
1851, of Welsh and Huguenot stock; his parents 
were Timothy J. and Caroline M. (Cassat) 
Davis, both natives of Ohio. His paternal grand- 
parents came from Wales, where the estate has 
been in the family for more than five hundred 
years ; they located in Ohio during President 
Madison's administration. On the maternal side 
the family can be traced back to the Guizot fam- 
ily in France, Huguenots who were forced to flee 
to Holland at the time of the revocation of the 
Edict of Nantes ; later the family immigrated to 
America, where they changed the name to Cassat. 
Mr. Davis' grandfather, David Cassat, was a tan- 
ner in Ohio; he married Miss See of an old Vir- 
ginia family, who. when they became pioneers of 
( >hio, freed their slaves. Mr. Davis is the oldest 
of a family of five children and was educated in 
the public schools until he entered the Ohio Wes- 
leyan University at Delaware, where he was 

u / 



graduated in 1873 with the degree of A. B. and 
in 1876 received the Alaster's degree. Entering 
Columbia College Law School he was graduated 
in 1875 with the degree of LL. B., and at once 
began the practice of his profession in Cincinnati. 
He rose rapidly to public notice and in 1880 was 
elected to the Ohio state legislature, and also for 
five years of the time that he was located in his 
native city he served as attorney for the Ohio 
State Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to 

In 1885 Air. Davis removed to Los Angeles, 
since which time he has been actively and suc- 
cessfully engaged in the practice of law. For 
six years he was a director of the Society for 
the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. In 1897, 
1898, 1899 ar *d J 900 he was a member of the 
Los Angeles Board of Education, serving for 
the last three years as president of that body ; 
upon his election to the school board he found 
affairs so corrupt that with Judge N. P. Conrey 
he started an investigation which resulted in the 
removal of Webb and Adams and broke up the 
. unlawful ring. In 1904 he was elected on the 
Non Partisan ticket as a member of the Board 
of Education, resigning in the spring of 1906. 
He served efficiently as president of the Los An- 
geles Highway Commission in 1904 and 1905 ; 
was director of the Municipal League from 1900 
to 1905 and attorney for the League in the Dav- 
enport "Recall" suit : also president of the Eco- 
nomic League for two years ; director of the 
Landmarks Club ; member of the advisory board 
of the Southwestern Archaeological Society ; and 
socially belongs to the Sunset, Jonathan, Univer- 
sity and Sesame clubs. 

Mr. Davis has taken an active and prominent 
part in every reform movement that has been 
started in Los Angeles. Since the time when he 
was prime mover in the cleansing of the Board 
of Education from its corrupting influences he 
has been ready to give of his time and means 
towards any purpose that tends to raise the moral 
status of the social and political world. Though 
comparatively young in years his strong personal 
attributes have long since been generally recog- 
nized, and these characteristics, taken in conjunc- 
tion with his manifest public spirit, his breadth 
of mind in viewing all public affairs, and his 
generosity of heart, have given him a place in 

the esteem of thoughtful and discriminating men 
which few attain at his time of life. His work 
is making a marked impress upon the trend of 
events in Southern California, and the record of 
his life is entitled to a place of distinction in the 
annals of the state. 

COL. JOHX M. C. MARBLE. Among the 
prominent financiers of Los Angeles mention 
belongs to Col. John M. C. Marble, who has 
been a resident of the city and an upbuilder 
for nearly twenty years. Mr. Marble is the 
descendant of two old Eastern families, among 
the earliest settlers of New England. The pa- 
ternal ancestor, his great-grandfather, was 
born in Boston and married Sally Bullard. 
They had a son, Eleazer, born May 4, 1762, 
who became a resident of Vermont, and re- 
moved from that state to Wyoming Valley, 
Pa., and married a widow Thomson, whose 
maiden name was Mary Richards. Their 
youngest son was Ebenezer Marble, born in 
Wilkesbarre, Pa., in 1805. He married Han- 
nah Carey, of Careytown. now a part of 
Wilkesbarre ; their second child, the subject 
of this sketch, was born July 27. 1833, and hav- 
ing lost his father in infancy, was then raised 
by his mother's family until the death of his 
mother's grandfather. John Carey, of Carey- 
town, in 1844. 

The Carey family is of English origin; good 
authority in the mother country says they have 
nothing to oppose that the family was founded 
in England by the son of the Roman general, 
Carus. who was a general in Briton in A. D. 
282. The pedigree of the family was drawn up 
by the Royal College of Heralds by command 
of Queen Anne Boleyn, commencing with date 
1 170, Adam de Kari. 

The emigrating ancestor was John Carey, a 
descendant of Sir Robert Carey, a cousin of 
Queen Elizabeth of England, who upon the 
completion of his education in France sailed 
for the new world to try his fortune. He 
landed in Massachusetts in 1634 and soon aft- 
er joined the Plymouth colony, where he be- 
came active in public affairs, was highly re- 
spected and influential. He married Elizabeth 
Godfrey, daughter of Francis Godfrey, and ear- 



ly acquired large land holdings at Bridgewa- 
ter. He reared a large family of sons and 
daughters, of whom Francis, his second son, 
was born in Duxbury. Mass.. January 19. 1649, 
and was reared in Bridgewater, where he mar- 
ried Hannah, daughter of William Brett. Born 
of this union were two sons and four daugh- 
ter-, of whom Samuel, the eldest, a native of 
Bridgewater, married Mary Poole in 1704. 
\\ ith the removal of his son, Eleazer (next to 
the youngest in a family of nine children) to 
Dover, Dutchess county, N. Y. (Eleazer mar- 
ried Miss Stnrdevant), the name was carried 
westward, for from Dutchess county he went 
on to Wyoming Valley, Pa., in 1769. The 
family suffered in common with all the pio- 
neers of that valley, so awfully stricken by pri- 
vations and by Indian atrocities during the 
Pennemyte and Revolutionary wars. One of 
the family, Samuel, was captured at the 'Wyo- 
ming massacre; was first adopted in the family 
of a chief, later bartered back and forth and 
held in bondage by his savage captors; finally 
turned over to the British as a prisoner of war 
and at the close of the war liberated as such. 
The second son, John, was born at Bonds 
Bridge, Dutchess county, X. Y., in 1756, came 
with his father to Wyoming Valley in 1709. 
enlisted in boyhood in the Continental service, 
serving during the entire Revolutionary war. 
He was with Washington at Valley Forge and 
participated in many of the important engage- 
ments of the struggle. He was in the com- 
panies that were ordered to the relief of the 
Wyoming Valley settlers and although they 
made forced marches, still arrived too late to 
prevent the massacre. He owned considerable 
land in Luzerne county and was a man and 
citizen widely respected and esteemed. He 
reared a family of children, one son, John, mar- 
rying in young manhood and passing away at 
an early age. He left a daughter, Hannah, 
who was reared by her grandfather; she mar- 
ried F.benezer Marble and was left a widow in 
early womanhoi d. 

Their son. John Minor Carey Marble, as has 
been previousl) stated, was reared in the home 
of his great-grandfather until he was in his 
twelfth year, when the latter passed to his re- 
ward. With his mother he then removed to 

Putnam county, Ohio, where two of his un- 
cles had located ; his education was received in 
the private schools of the period and Wilkes- 
barre Academy, later supplementing this 
training with a course in the Wyoming Sem- 
inary at Kingston, and the public schools of 
Ohio. In Ohio he accepted a position as clerk' 
in a mercantile establishment, after which, at 
the age of seventeen years, he became a part- 
ner in the business at Kalida, and the follow- 
ing year went to New York City and purchased 
his first stock of goods. His first marriage 
occurred in 1861 and united him with Mary L. 
Coleman, daughter of Dr. G. D. Coleman, of 
Maysville. Ky., her grandparents being resi- 
dents of Lebanon. Ohio. At her death in Del- 
phos. she left one son, Guilford, who became a 
prominent attorney and politician of Ohio, 
and died at the age of forty years. 

Mr. Marble's civic pursuits were interrupted 
by the Civil war. when he enlisted for service 
in the One Hundred Fifty-first Regiment, Ohio 
Infantry, in which he was commissioned 
colonel, and which took a prominent part in 
the defense of Washington. He continued ac- 
tively in the mercantile business until 1864, 
when with others he organized the First Na- 
tional Bank of Delphos. he being cashier and 
later president. In 1872 he removed to V T an 
Wert, Ohio, when he purchased an interest in 
the First National Bank of that city and suc- 
ceeded his father-in-law. Dr. Charles Emerson, 
who had removed to Colorado, in the presi- 
dency. He continued at the head of this insti- 
tution until he disposed of his interests, when 
he organized the Van Wert National Bank, in 
which he served as president. Because of his 
wife's health (he having in the meantime mar- 
ried a daughter of Dr. Emerson) he made a 
trip to California, and so impressed was he with 
the climate and the opportunities he believed 
the country had in the future, that he decided 
to locate here permanently. He returned home 
and in October, 1888, having disposed of con- 
siderable of his property, he returned with his 
family to the Pacific coast. In Los Angeles 
he began at once the organization of the Na- 
tional Bank of California, and opened busi- 
ness on the corner of Second and Spring streets 
in September, 1889. He continued as presi- 

; f/ j^^y^ 



dent of this institution until 1906, when he 
resigned and disposed of his interests. In the 
meantime he had also been instrumental in the 
organization of the Home Telephone Company, 
and served as its president from the time of 
inception to 1906, when he resigned ; was like- 
wise one of the organizers of the Union Home 
Telephone & Telegraph Corporation, in which 
he acted as president until his resignation in 
September. 1907. His entire life in manhood 
has been passed in active business affairs and 
through his efforts has come a large develop- 
ment of natural resources. While a resident 
of Ohio he assisted in the organization of the 
Cincinnati, Jackson & Mackinac Railway Com- 
pany, built the first five miles of road, and re- 
mained with the enterprise until it was suc- 
cessfully completed to a system of three hun- 
dred and forty-six miles. He then declined the 
presidency, which was accepted by his old 
friend, Hon. Calvin Brice. In Los Angeles he 
has lent his aid freely to the advancement of 
public interests and no man is more depended 
upon to give his support as a liberal, public 
spirited citizen. 

.Mr. Marble's second marriage occurred in 
1870, in Van Wert, and united him with Eliza- 
beth Emerson, who was born in Ohio; her 
father, Charles Emerson, was born in Mariet- 
ta, Ohio, August 6, 1812, a son of Caleb and 
Mary (Dana) Emerson, early settlers of Ohio 
from Massachusetts. The great-great-grand- 
father, William Dana, was captain of artillery 
during the Revolutionary war. Caleb Emer- 
son was a prominent attorney and journalist 
of Marietta, while Charles Emerson was a 
physician and merchant, first in Gallatin, Ohio, 
and from that point he went to Van Wert, 
where he was active in banking circles for 
many years, being president of the First Na- 
tional Hank. In 1870 he removed to Greeley, 
Colo., where he organized the pioneer bank of 
the city, and conducted same until his retire- 
ment to Denver, in which city his death oc- 
curred August 23, 1896. His wife was in maid- 
enhood Margaret Bayman Grier, a widow 
when she married Dr. Emerson ; she died in 
1869. Mrs. Marble received her education in 
the ( )hio Female College at College Hill. Ohio, 
and is now the mother of three children, name- 

ly: Elizabeth Dana, John Emerson and Will- 
iam Care}', the two sons engaging with their 
father in The John M. C. Marble Company. 
Mr. Marble is a member of the California 
Commandery Military Order of the Loyal Le- 
gion, Sons of the Revolution, and Grand Army 
of the Republic, and in religion both himself 
and wife are members of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church. He is an ardent supporter of 
Republican principles in his political convic- 

CHARLES F. HARPER. One of the most 
enterprising citizens of Los Angeles is Charles 
F. Harper, whose association with the busi- 
ness interests of this city have resulted in the 
development of one of the largest hardware 
concerns of the section. Mr. Harper is of 
southern birth and lineage, having been born 
in North Carolina in 1832, a son of John Suggs 
and Nancy (Gibbons) Harper, both also na- 
tives of that state. The father died many 
years ago. survived by the mother, who made 
her home in Los Angeles until 1871, when 
her death occurred. She had two children, of 
whom only Charles F. is now living. The 
family eventually became residents of Missis- 
sippi, in which state Mr. Harper entered the 
service of the Confederate army, intending to 
join the Fourteenth Regiment Mississippi In- 
fantry, but was at once put on detached serv- 
ice, being in the arsenal for a year and a half. 
Later he was transferred to the navy works, 
remaining there until the close of the war. 
Among the engagements in which he partici- 
pated was that of Selma, Ala. 

Upon the declaration of peace, Mr. Harper 
returned to Columbus, Miss., and again took 
up the hardware business he had established 
in 1854, and which he conducted successfully 
for three years. Attracted to the Pacific coast 
by the glowing reports of opportunities there, 
Mr. Harper brought his family to California 
in 1868 after disposing of his business inter- 
ests in Mississippi. In Los Angeles he at once 
established a hardware enterprise in the Allen 
block, at the corner of Spring and Temple 
streets, then the center of the business district. 
This modest beginning of nearly forty years 



ago bore little promise of attaining its present 
large proportions, but its growth has been 
commensurate with the advancement and pro- 
gress of the city, and in proportion to his ef- 
forts in behalf of the latter the same measure 
of prosperity has been meted out to Air. Har- 
per. This enterprise was incorporated about 
1880 as the Harper-Reynolds Company, of 
which Mr. Harper still retains the leadership, 
although until recently the active management 
of the company has been in charge of his son, 
Arthur C. Harper. 

Since 1895 Mr. Harper has been a resident 
of Hollywood, where he owns a beautiful es- 
tate of four hundred and eighty acres known 
as Ceilia Vista (named by Bishop Fitzgerald, 
and meaning sky view), lying on the mount- 
ainside, from whose base to the summit ex- 
tends one of the finest orchards to be found in 
the state. Wide driveways, lined on either 
side by stately palms of large size, add grace 
and beauty to the landscape. Here with his 
wife, Mr. Harper is enjoying the evening of 
his days. Before marriage Mrs. Harper was 
Miss Martha W. Mullen, she too being of 
southern birth, born in Mississippi, June 17, 
1838. They became the parents of ten chil- 
dren, of whom only five attained maturity : 
Edward J., who was born in Mississippi, is a 
minister in the Presbyterian denomination, 
and now is pastor of the Knox church of Los 
Angeles ; Arthur C, who was also born in Mis- 
sissippi, had charge of his father's interests in 
the hardware store until elected to fill the 
office of mayor of the city; Albert G., whose 
birth occurred in Los Angeles, is interested in 
the Consolidated Pipe Company, of which his 
br< ther, Arthur C, was president, and of which 
Augustus I)., the next child in order of birth, 
is manager; the youngest of the children, is 
Benjamin W., who was also born in Los An- 
geles, and is now a practicing dentist of Hol- 

In his political convictions Mr. Harper is a 
stanch advocate of Democratic principles, and 
lias always taken an active interest in the ad- 
vancement of his party. The only fraternal 
organization with which he is identified is the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, while his 
wife belongs to the Rebekahs. He is a mem- 

ber of the Pioneer Society of Los Angeles 
County and a member of the Confederate Vet- 
erans, Camp No. ~j. Mr. Harper occupies a 
high place in the esteem of his fellow citizens, 
appreciated alike for his splendid business 
qualities and his personal character. 

HON. BENJAMIN W. HAHN. Illinois has 
been generous in her supply of notable residents 
to Pasadena, and among these Mr. Hahn takes 
high rank. He was born in Chicago August 28, 
1868, and is a son of Samuel and Barbara Hahn. 
During his earlier years the father was a car- 
penter and builder, a trade which he followed in 
Chicago with splendid success for many years. 

Benjamin W. Hahn attended the common 
schools of his native city, and from the time 
of leaving school until he reached his majority 
he was employed with the Chicago White Lead 
and Oil Company, gaining versatile knowledge 
during this time. Coming to California in 1887, 
he located in Pasadena and some time later began 
the stud\' of law under the direction of Messrs. 
Metcalfe and McLachlan. The latter, Hon. 
James McLachlan, is now a member of congress 
from Los Angeles county, Cal. On April 3, 
1891, Mr. Hahn was admitted to the bar of the 
superior court, later to the supreme court, and 
finally to the United States supreme court. It 
was with this prestige that he opened an office in 
Pasadena and began the practice of his profes- 
sion, first alone, but later in patnership with 
his brother, Edwin F. Hahn, under the firm 
name of Hahn & Hahn. The firm conduct a 
corporation practice almost exclusively, having 
interests all over California and Arizona. Ben- 
jamin Hahn has charge of the Los Angeles 
office, in the new Citizens National Bank build- 
ing, where he has a large private law library 
and a fine suite of rooms, and numbered among 
his clients are many of the influential and wealthy 
corporations and residents of this western metrop- 
olis. The brother, Edwin F. Hahn, has charge 
of the Pasadena office. 

Mr. Hahn has always been a stanch defender 
of Republican principles, and it was on the ticket 
of his chosen party that, in 1902, he was nom- 
inated state senator from the Thirty-sixth sena- 
torial district of California, in which bodv he 


5! 19 

was a recognized leader. He served on several 
important committees, notable among them be- 
ing the committees on finance, judiciary, corpora- 
tions, banks and banking, and code revision. In 
addition to his public life Mr. Hahn has filled an 
important place in the private affairs of his home 
city, and among other interests directed the or- 
ganization of the Metropolis Trust and Savings 
Bank, Bankers Savings Bank, the Sierra Land 
and Cattle Company, as well as the Universal 
Order of Foresters. He is also well known in 
the realm of journalism as the founder of the 
Pasadena Daily News, which is now one of the 
leading news sheets of the city. 

In San Bernardino, Cal., November 9. 1892, 
Mr. Hahn was united in marriage with Miss 
Grace Virginia Gahr, of that city, a daughter of 
R. P. Gahr, who is well and favorably known 
there. One son, Herbert L., has been born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Hahn. 

ELI P. CLARK. One of the most impor- 
tant movements contributory to the growth 
and development of Los Angeles has been that 
fostered by Eli P. Clark, whose association 
with the promotion of railroad enterprises in 
this city for the past fifteen years has given 
to him a prominent place among the repre- 
sentative men of Southern California. A re- 
sume of his life is in brief a history of the 
progress of the city, for the enterprise with 
which he has been connected is one of the 
strongest factors in its upbuilding, and as 
such is interesting to read by those who know 
either the man or the city. 

The Clark family were among the pioneers 
of Iowa, where, in Iowa City, on the 25th of 
November, 1847, Eli P. Clark was born. When 
he was eight years old his parents removed 
to Grinnell, Iowa, then but the beginning of 
a city, and there he attended the public schools 
and later Iowa College, which was established 
there. His first experience in the battle of life 
was teaching one term of school in his eight- 
eenth year, and in this work he acquired the 
discipline and self-control which have marked 
his success in other lines. About 1867 the 
family removed to southwestern Missouri to 
escape the rigors of Iowa winters, and follow- 
ing this Mr. Clark remained at home engaged 

in farming with his father during the sum- 
mers, while he taught school in the winter 
months. Becoming interested in the possibili- 
ties held out to the man of courage and hardi- 
hood by the newer sections of the southwest 
he decided to locate in Arizona for a time, and 
accordingly, in the spring of 1875, became one 
of a party to cross the plains for that terri- 
tory. This experience was one which required 
courage in as great measure as in the earlier 
days of the country, because travel was 
fraught not only with danger from the Indians, 
but as well from lawless white bands. They 
came through safely, however, and after a 
three months' journey, made by way of the 
old Santa Fe and Fort Wingate trail, arrived 
at Prescott. 

The associations Mr. Clark formed in that 
city proved the foundation for his operations 
later in Los Angeles, as one of his first ac- 
quaintances was his present partner, M. H. 
Sherman,. who was then principal of the Pres- 
cott high school, the first public school or- 
ganized in the territory. He met with suc- 
cess, also, in his ventures in that city, follow- 
ing mercantile enterprises for a short time, 
and also serving as postmaster for nearly a 
year. In the winter of 1877, under the firm 
name of Clark & Adams, he began the manu- 
facture of lumber, operating three sawmills 
and selling his product extensively throughout 
the territory. The prominence of Mr. Clark 
was not only a commercial one, for he quickly 
rose to a position of importance in political 
affairs, as a stanch Republican being chosen 
territorial auditor in 1877, succeeding himself 
four terms and serving for ten years. It was 
during these years that he formed the ac- 
quaintance of Genera! Fremont, while he was 
governor of Arizona, and counts the friend- 
ship which grew out of their official relations 
as one of the most pleasant in his life. 
Through his association with the interests of 
the territory as ex officio state assessor (made 
so by territorial enactment) he was instru- 
mental in bringing about many improve- 
ments which are now the law of the land. It 
was in that city also, on the 8th of April, 
1880, that he was united in marriage with 
Miss Lucv Sherman, a sister of his friend, 



M. H. Sherman, and tliere he made his home 
until January, 1891. 

In the month and year just mentioned he 
joined General Sherman in Los Angeles, in 
answer to the latter's oft-repeated requests 
that he do so, and became the vice-president 
and manager of the newly organized Los An- 
geles Consolidated Electric Railway Company. 
Mr. Clark had already established prestige for 
himself in the matter of promoting railroad 
facilities for Arizona, having been active in 
procuring favorable legislation to encourage 
the building of a road from Prescott to Mari- 
copa, and afterward was instrumental in hav- 
ing a bill passed in the legislature of 1885, 
granting a subsidy of $4,000 per mile for a 
road to be built from Prescott to connect with 
the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad. He helped 
to organize the first company and became its 
first treasurer and secretary, and finally turned 
over the organization to Thomas S. Bullock, 
who financed and built the Prescott & Arizona 
Central Railroad, which afterward gave way 
to the Santa Fe, Prescott & Phoenix Railroad, 
one of the best railroad properties in the west. 
After locating in Los Angeles Mr. Clark co- 
operated with General Sherman in the build- 
ing of the present street railway system, 
known as the Los Angeles Railway, their sale 
of a half interest in their property to the bond- 
holders having taken place in 1895, after its 
successful financial establishment. To them 
is due much credit for this enterprise, because 
at the time of the foundation of the work Los 
Angeles was only a small city and to all in- 
tents and purposes gave no evidence of a fu- 
ture which could make this venture a safe 
investment. In face of hostile opposition and 
discouraging obstacles they carried the enter- 
prise to completion and but a little later were 
justified in their gigantic undertaking. In the 
year 1895 Mr. Clark conceived the idea which 
has resulted in the famous "Balloon Route," 
his first stej) being the purchase of the old 
steam road known as the Los Angeles & Pa- 
cific Railroad, and following this with the con- 
struction of the Santa Monica, Ocean Park, 
Playa del Rev. Hermosa, and Redondo lines, 
via the beautiful city of Hollywood, compris- 
ing a system of nearly two hundred miles 

which traverse one of the finest, if not the 
finest, section of Southern California. With 
the completion of further improvements now 
in prospect the Los Angeles Railway will be 
known as the finest electric road system on 
the Pacific coast. The dominant character- 
istics of Mr. Clark are in a large measure re- 
sponsible for the success of this enterprise, 
which has probably meant more to Los An- 
geles as an attraction for tourists than any 
other one feature of the section. Mr. Clark 
well merits the position he holds among the 
prominent men of Southern California, all pro- 
moters and financiers instinctively looking to 
him and others of his class for an upholding 
of the prestige which has made Los Angeles 
famous wherever the name is known. 

young in years Hon. Walter R. Leeds has al- 
ready won for himself a position among the rep- 
resentative citizens of Los Angeles and Southern 
California, establishing himself as a successful 
exponent of the law and proving so able an 
advocate of Republican principles that he was 
elected to the state legislature and served effi- 
ciently during the session of 1907. He is a na- 
tive of Ohio, his birth having occurred in Cin- 
cinnati September 19, 1876. His preliminary 
education was received in the public and high 
schools of Los Angeles, whither he was brought 
by his parents in childhood, and after his grad- 
uation from the latter he began the study of law 
(1895) in the offices of Davis & Rush. Two 
years later he was admitted to the bar, being 
then just twenty-one years old. In 1900 he was 
appointed secretary of the Republican county 
central committee, was reappointed for three 
terms and served steadily until May, 1906, when 
he resigned. In the fall of 1906 he received the 
nomination on the Republican ticket to the state 
legislature, as representative from the Seventieth 

In Los Angeles, November 25, 1903, Mr. 
Leeds was united in marriage with Miss Anna 
Fay, a native of Muskegon. Mich., and the 
granddaughter of the late T. D. Stimson, a prom- 
inent capitalist and lumberman of Michigan, 
Washington and Southern California. She is a 


cii: 1 , 

woman of rare worth and culture, finely edu- 
cated, having graduated from Notre Dame Col- 
lege in Indiana. One son, Walter R., Jr., has 
been born to Mr. and Mrs. Leeds. Fraternally 
he is a member of East Gate Lodge No. 290, F. 
& A. M., Signet Chapter No. 57. R. A. M., 
Southern California Commanderv No. 9. K. T., 
and Al Malaikah Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S. 
He is also a member of the County Bar Asso- 
ciation and the California Club. 

CHARLES W. SMITH. Preceded by over 
forty r years of activity in railroad circles in 
the central and eastern states, Charles W. 
Smith came to Pasadena in 1897 with the ex- 
pectation of retiring to private life, but as on 
a previous occasion he again acceded to the 
importunities of friends to once more asso- 
ciate himself with the work, with the result 
that he was made president of the Pasadena & 
Los Angeles Electric Railway, later known as 
the Los Angeles & Pasadena Electric Railway 
Company, of which he is still the president. 
Prior to 1902 he was vice-president of the 
Pasadena & Mount Lowe Railway Company, 
and general manager of the Los Angeles Rail- 
way Company. 

At the time the colonists settled in New 
England a representative of the Smith family 
left Litchfield, England, and locating in Con- 
necticut, there founded a settlement to which 
he gave the same name of his home town in 
England. A son of this immigrant, William 
D. Smith, was born in Litchfield, Conn., in 
1805 ! l ater he removed to Berkshire county, 
Mass., where he grew to manhood and fol- 
lowed carriage manufacturing. Still later in 
his career he made his home in Homer, Union 
county, Ohio, where, in March of 1848, he and 
two of his children died of cholera. During 
young manhood he had married Almira Gott, 
who was born in Austerlitz, Columbia county, 
N. Y., the daughter of Story Gott, born in 
Connecticut of English and Scotch descent. 
After his service in the Revolutionary war he 
took up farming in Columbia county, N. Y. 
Of the nine children born of the marriage of 
William D. and Almira Smith, six grew to 
mature years and three of the number are now 

living, those besides Charles W. being Mrs. 
Mary A. Fairbanks, mother of Charles W. 
Fairbanks, vice-president of the United States, 
and Mrs. Cecilia J. Ritchie. One son, Will- 
iam Henry, became well known in the literary 
field, his initial training along this line gain- 
ing a great impetus while making verbatim re- 
ports of the proceedings in the Ohio legislature 
during the early '60s. Later he became an 
editor and publisher in Cincinnati, and in 1869 
originated the WTstern Associated Press of 
the United States, of which he was manager 
until within two years of his death, which oc- 
curred in 1896. At the time of his death he 
was engaged in the compilation of a History 
of American Slavery, which was almost com- 
pleted ; as was also the biography of ex-Presi- 
dent Rutherford B. Hayes, a work which he 
had undertaken in compliance with a request 
found in the latter's will. These have both 
been completed since his demise. 

Austerlitz. N. V.. was the birthplace of 
Charles W. Smith, and September 5, 1831, the 
date of his birth. When he was eleven vears 
old he removed with his parents to Union 
county, Ohio, and there until he was eighteen 
years old he studied under difficulties in the 
primitive schools of pioneer days. At this 
latter age he began to turn his education to 
some account by teaching during the winter 
months, and later he learned the trade of har- 
ness-maker and saddler in Woodstock, Ohio. 
The completion of his trade was almost iden- 
tical with his introduction into a field which 
had no connection whatever with his previous 
years of training, namely, the beginning of 
his railroad career. This was brought about 
by the building of railroads into the section of 
country around his home. On March I, 1855, 
he was appointed agent at Woodstock for the 
Columbus, Piqua & Indiana Railroad, from 
there went as their agent at Columbus, and a 
year later became general freight agent of the 
road with headquarters at the same place. Be- 
tween the years 1857 and 1870 numerous 
changes and consolidations were recorded in 
connection with the company, but through 
them all he was retained in his position. The 
opening of the Union and Central Pacific led 
to his acceptance of the position of general 



freight agent of the Central Pacific Railway 
Company, with headquarters in Sacramento, 
but on account of failing health he was obliged 
to resign his position two years later and re- 
turn east. Subsequently he was general man- 
ager of the Indianapolis, Bloomington & West- 
ern Railroad, with headquarters in Indianapo- 
lis, a position which he later resigned to ac- 
cept a position with the Chicago, Burlington 
& Quincy Railroad as traffic manager, with 
headquarters in Chicago. For one year, dat- 
ing from May I, 1880. he held the office of 
traffic manager of the New York, Lake Erie & 
Western Railroad, with headquarters in New 
York, resigning this to become general man- 
ager of the Gtesapeake & Ohio Railroad, with 
headquarters in Richmond, Ya. January 1, 
1886, he was elected vice-president and gen- 
eral manager of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa 
Fe Railroad, headquarters in Topeka, Kans., in 
addition to which in 1888 he also acted as 
general manager of the Atlantic & Pacific 
Railroad. The great physical and mental 
strain which he had been under for so many 
years began to make inroads upon his health 
to such an extent that a change was impera- 
tive, and accordingly in 1890 he resigned his 

It had been Air. Smith's intention to discon- 
tinue railroad work permanently when he re- 
signed from the Santa Fe employ, but late in 
1895 he was persuaded to act as receiver for 
the Atlantic & Pacific road, which in the mean 
time had failed and was in the hands of a re- 
ceiver distasteful to the bondholders. Under 
the careful management of Mr. Smith the af- 
fairs of the company were brought to a satis- 
factory conclusion and July 1. 1897, the road 
was absorbed by the Santa Fe system. It 
was at this juncture that he came to Pasadena 
with no thought of ever again taking up rail- 
roading, but once again he was persuaded to 
enter the field, through the importunity of 
friends who owned the bonds of the Pasadena 
& Los Angeles Electric Railway, his election 
to the presidency following. On February 1. 
he was made general manager of the 
Los Vngeles Railway Company, and at once 
assumed the duties of the office, with head- 
quarters in I.os Angeles. After holding the 

position for about eighteen months he re- 
signed, August 1, 1 901, and was elected vice- 
president of the company, a position for which 
his extensive knowledge and excellent judg- 
ment well qualify him, and he still occupies 
this worthy position. He also held the same 
office in the Pasadena & Mount Lowe Rail- 
way, which by purchase became a part of the 
Los Angeles system June 1. 1901. In Febru- 
ary, 1902. all of these roads except the Los 
Angeles Railway were consolidated into the 
Pacific Electric Railroad Company. His son, 
William Henry, was formerly manager of the 
northern division. 

The multiplicity of interests in railroad cir- 
cles which have made such large demands 
upon Mr. Smith's time and energies have in 
no way impaired his interest in the welfare of 
his home locality, and the Pasadena Board of 
Trade and the Los Angeles Chamber of Com- 
merce have received much encouragement and 
benefit from his membership therein. At the 
time of the Civil war he was a member of the 
Union League, and a stanch believer in the 
principles of abolition, while in politics he is 
now a stanch Republican. In his religious in- 
clinations he is a believer in Universalism, and 
while in Chicago became a member of St. 
Paul's Universalist Church, from which his 
membership has as yet not been transferred. 
He belongs to the California Club and is a 
Thirty-second degree Scottish Rite Mason. In 
1852 he was made an Odd Fellow and has 
passed all the chairs, becoming a member of 
the Grand Lodge of the State of Ohio. 

In Woodstock. Ohio, Mr. Smith married 
Miss Marceline M. Sprague, who was born in 
Woodstock. Vt., the descendant of a family 
which had been represented in New England 
for many generations. They became the par- 
ents of three children : Kate, who became the 
wife of Chauncey Kelsey and wdio died in 
Richmond, Ya. ; Ella, who died at the age of 
five years ; and William Henry, who is a resi- 
lient of Pasadena. Tn taking a retrospective 
glance at Mr. Smith's life it will be admitted 
that the success which has followed him 
throughout his business career has been little 
short of marvelous. When only a boy in years, 
at the age of fifteen, he was compelled to de- 



pend on his own resources, working as a farm 
hand for a shilling a day at first. His rise 
from this humble position to his present stand- 
ing in railroad circles tells more effectively 
than can words of his fitness for the career 
which he has followed, and California may be 
congratulated upon claiming as a resident one 
of the successful railroad men of the country. 

me with a letter to the New York newspapers. 
He said, "We all came here as helpless as you. 
You are sure to strike into the swim some- 
time." I met the newspaper moguls on Park 
Row— The World. The Herald. The Sun. All 
took my address. The managing editor of The 
World gave me some desultory work for a lit- 
tle while. When the little work at The World 
was over. I had only $2 left and was absolutely 

JOSEPH SCOTT. Strickland W. Gillilan, 
the famous humorist, now on the Baltimore 
Sun. was doing newspaper work in Los An- 
geles, and referring to Mr. Scott, had the fol- 
lowing characteristic comment to make : 

"To arrive friendless in a strange land, to 
fail in finding newspaper employment even 
though armed with a letter from John Boyle 
O'Reilly ; to reach one's last $2 bill and take 
a job of hod-carrying, and to resign the posi- 
tion as deputy hodman to accept a position as 
professor of English and rhetoric in a college 
— sounds romantic, doesn't it? Sounds as if 
it were fiction rather than real life. But it 
isn't, and the man who had this career, full 
of pluck, perseverance and pathos, lives in Los 
Angeles today. You probably know him. He 
is a successful lawyer, and he is called 'Joe 

"No matter how many years ago. he landed 
at Xew York. He was a stocky, sturdy, ath- 
letic chap, twenty-one years old. a graduate 
of Ushaw College in the north of England, and 
modestly bearing the honor of having matricu- 
lated with a gold medal in London Univer- 
sity. He had been a leader in athletic sports 
in his college, had specialized in history and 
literature, and had left with the idea that he 
would come to this country and be a great 
journalist. He went to Boston soon after his 
arrival, and there met John Boyle < >'Reilly. 
the poet-refugee, who gave him letters to the 
newspapers of the 'Hub.' 

" 'The managing editors,' said Mr. Scott, 'to 
whom I presented this raft of letters, all took 
my name and earnestly assured me that they 
would let me know when there was an open- 
ing. I was so verdant I believed them. I said 
tn myself, "It's coming: Its coming." They 
haven't sent for me yet. O'Reilly then armed 

R. H. H. Chapman, formerly managing edi- 
tor of The Herald. Los Angeles, draws the fol- 
lowing pen picture of Mr. Scott: 

"That a sound mind is master of a sound 
body is well evidenced by the subject of this 
sketch. To the keenness with which he pur- 
sued athletics in hi^ youth, Joseph Scott at- 
tributes that physical vigor which today en- 
ables him to get through a vast amount of 
work and preserve excellent health. Sturdy 
ancestors who feared God and loved their fel- 
lows are responsible for this fine specimen of 
muscular Christianity. His father's people 
have lived in Cumberland for many genera- 
tions, and form a line of what is known as Bor- 
der Scotch. His mother. Mary Donnelly, is 
pure Irish, from the country of Wexford, of 
Vinegar Hill stock. And judging not only by 
the distinctive Hibernian traits in Joseph 
Scott's character, but also by a charming 
photograph of his mother, his son and himself, 
which was taken during his trip to the old 
country several years ago, he 'favors' his 

"When just twenty years of age, possessing 
only rugged health, an excellent education, 
and a few letters of introduction, Mr. Scott 
sailed for Xew York. Ambitious as he was, 
no toil was too lowly for him to try, and for 
ten months his energies were spent in shovel- 
ing coal and carrying a hod. 

"At last his opportunity of deliverance came, 
and the transition was as sudden as it was ex- 
traordinary. ( )ne Tuesday in February. 1890, 
he was carrying a hod: on the following 
Thursday he was instructing the senior class 
of rhetoric at Allegany College. For three 
years he occupied the chair of professor of 
rhetoric and English literature in that institu- 
tion, pursuing his work with the same dili- 



gence and enthusiasm as he had used in shov- 
eling coal. In his spare moments he studied 
law, too, and in June. 1893. came to California. 
Ten months later he was admitted to the bar 
by the supreme court, and commenced to 
practice his profession in Los Angeles." 

Joseph Scott has risen to a position, both in 
his profession and in public affairs, of which 
any man might well lie proud. He was born 
in Penrith, Cumberland county. England, July 
16, 1867. Mr. Scott is essentially a self-made 
man, and his indomitable traits of character — 
honesty and integrity — have made him one of 
the most prominent figures in the state of 
California. At the time when Joseph Scott 
entered upon his labors at the bar of Los An- 
geles, it comprised many of the ablest lawyers 
of California, among whom was the late 
Stephen M. White; but the young man rapidly 
fought his way to the front, for his honest 
countenance, straightforwardness of speech 
and forceful oratory made him a power before 
a jury. He won his cases and grew in favor 
and popularity until he stands today as one of 
the must successful practitioners at the bar, 
for he has the reputation of being a lawyer 
whose presence in a case means honesty and 
fair dealing. In his intercourse with his 
brethren at the bar he is manly, kind and con- 
siderate, and before the court he is modest and 
courteous, but marked by a dignity which 
makes him a leader among men. 

Withal. Joseph Scott is a man among men 
and is very much beloved by his fellow towns- 
men, lie is now serving his second term as a 
member of the non-partisan board of educa- 
tion, being the president of the present board. 
IE- is the president of the Newman Club, a 
director of the Chamber of Commerce, director 
of the Equitable Savings Bank and a member 
of the California Club. He was a member of 
the Charter Revision Committee, which shaped 
the present charter. Joseph Scott has served 
this community well and it is probable that in 
the future lie will have opportunities to serve 
it better. Me i- a man of domestic tastes and 
a firm believer in the Rooseveltian theory. He 
was married Jim, o. [898, to Miss Bertha Roth, 
a native daughter of the Golden West, and six 

beautiful, sturdy children, viz. : Joseph, Jr., 
Mary, Alfonso. George. Cuthbert and John 
Patrick, grace their home. 

HON. ABBOT KINNEY. The genealogy of 
the Kinney family is traced to England, whence 
some of the name came to America as early as 
1634. In religious faith they were Nonconform- 
ists and possessed the zeal, fervor and enthusiasm 
characteristic of those who refused to conform to 
the established church. Seeking freedom of re- 
ligious thought and worship they naturally were 
attracted to New England, and there and in New 
York the descendants of the original emigrants 
ever since have been prominent in the most se- 
lect social circles. One branch of the family be- 
came established in New, Jersey and at Brookside, 
that state, Abbot Kinney was born in 1850. Not 
only is he a descendant of colonial ancestors 
through his father, but his maternal progenitors 
also were pioneers of the new world, having 
crossed the ocean to this country in 1636. As 
a boy he was singularly favored. It was his 
privilege to pass several years in the home of 
his uncle, United States Senator James Dixon, 
at Washington, D. C, where he became acquaint- 
ed with the families of Lincoln. Grant, Sherman 
and other men illustrious in the annals of the 
nation. After having availed himself of the edu- 
cational advantages of Washington he was sent 
abroad to study and for a time was a student in 
Heidelberg, also had the privilege of a Parisian 
education. The chief benefit accruing from his 
studies abroad was the acquisition of ability as a 
linguist, yet there was another advantage scarce- 
ly less important, viz. : the gaining of a thorough 
knowledge of European races and customs. At 
the completion of his language and scientific 
studies he made a walking tour of parts of the 
continent and by this mode of travel he gained an 
insight into the daily life of the people, their 
habits, peculiarities, pleasures and toils. 

Returning to the United States with a mind 
broadened by the highest culture and by cos- 
mopolitan experiences, Mr. Kinney engaged in 
translating for President Grant a history of the 
Civil war written by the Comte de Paris, and 
the time devoted to this congenial work proved 
as delightful as any period of his youth. After- 



ward he engaged in commercial activities with an 
energy as noticeable as that characteristic of his 
literary pursuits. As a member of the tobacco 
house of Kinney Brothers, he made his office 
headquarters in New York City, and for a time 
was a buyer for the firm in the south, but ulti- 
mately went abroad for the firm. While procur- 
ing the famous brands of Turkey for the New 
York establishment, in 1875 he witnessed the 
massacre of the Bulgarians and was the last man 
to leave Salonica, in Macedonia, before the gen- 
eral slaughter took place in that city. In 1877 
he relinquished the work of wholesale buyer and 
began upon a tour of the world, which lasted for 
three years. During one year of the time he re- 
mained in Egypt, where he acted as commissioner 
to ameliorate the condition of an Egyptian prov- 
ince, whose people were suffering from a fearful 
plague of small-pox and famine. After leaving 
Egypt he traveled in other countries and mads 
a special study of their government, progress and 

The progress of Air. Kinney's world wide tour 
brought him in due time to Southern California, 
which he speedily decided was the most attractive 
country visited in all of his travels, and he deter- 
mined to establish his home in the midst of an 
environment so picturesque. It was during 1880 
that he became a permanent resident of the state 
and since then he has engaged extensively in hor- 
ticultural pursuits. Among his first purchases 
was that of five hundred acres near Sierra Madre, 
of which tract he planted two hundred acres in 
citrus fruits. More recently he has acquired 
other holdings, his principal orange grove being 
known as Kinneloa rancho near Pasadena. Since 
coming to the state he has been deeply interested 
in the welfare of the Indians. During 1883 he 
and Helen Hunt Jackson were appointed com- 
missioners to report upon the needs of the South- 
ern California Indians, and his report induced the 
government to endeavor to ameliorate their 
needs. Largely through his efforts the reserva- 
tion plan was abandoned and lands were allotted 
in severalty to heads of Indian families, with time 
limit, to insure the preparation of the red men 
for civilization. 

The interest constantly maintained by Mr. Kin- 
ney in the preservation of the forests of Califor- 
nia has led him to accept positions of an official 

nature connected with that work. From 1884 
until 1887 he acted as chairman of the state board 
of forestry and had charge of the first surveys 
for forest reservations. The beautiful valley of 
Yosemite, with its remarkable natural beauties, 
he believes to be one of the wonders of the 
world, and it has been his persistent aim to rid 
the park of the abuses of overcharge, poor roads, 
the herding of stock on the lands, and the in- 
adequate stage accommodations. Cnder appoint- 
ment from Governor Budd he became a member 
of the Yosemite commission in June, 1897, and 
immediately afterward was chosen presiding offi- 
cer of the body, in which capacity he labored with 
rare intelligence and unwearying energy to effect 
reforms needed in the management of the park. 
At the time of his appointment there was only one 
regular stage service to the park. The road over 
which this ran was improved and two other roads 
were fitted out with regular service via stage- 
coach. All of the old indebtedness was paid, and 
for the first time in many years the park was out 
of debt. The herding of stock on the land was 
forbidden, and prices for the entertainment of 
visitors were reduced to reasonable rates. While 
the commission did not attain all of its ambitions, 
its work was performed with zeal, discrimination 
and executive ability, and was the means of arous- 
ing the people from the indifference regarding 
the valley and awakening in them a pride in its 

Fond of the best literature, Mr. Kinney has 
been interested in securing good reading matter 
for the people. For two years he maintained a 
reading room at the Soldiers' Home, and he also 
established public libraries in Santa Monica and 
Pasadena. While advocating the acquisition by- 
all of the broad culture gained from the best 
books and from travel, lie is nevertheless intense- 
ly practical and has little sympathy for the mere 
"book-worm," who remains blind to the practical 
affairs of everyday. His love for literature has 
not been allowed to shut him out from sympathy 
with his fellowmen, but on the other hand he is 
keen to promote any reform for the benefit of 
the people and quick to aid any movement for 
the upbuilding of the race. While he has accom- 
plished much as an author and litterateur, he has 
also been a prominent figure in affairs of his 
city and state, and has thus gained a rounded 



character devoid of eccentricities. The title ot 
his works indicate the wide range of his mind. 
Among them may be mentioned "The Conquest 
of Death," which he wrote especially for his 
children and which deals with the attainment and 
perfection of the best of the race; "Tasks by 
Twilight," a plea to save the children from the 
attempt to make their minds perforin what their 
bodies cannot hear up; "Money," "Under the 
Shadow of the Dragon," "Protection vs. Free 
Trade." "Australian Ballot," "Forestry," "Euca- 
lyptus," etc. All of these works are written after 
deen study upon their varied subjects and they 
prove the author to be a deep thinker as well as 
the possessor of a fine command of language. 

For two years Mr. Kinney devoted much of his 
time to assisting in the enactment of the Austra- 
lian ballot law. During that time he wrote many 
pamphlets and newspaper articles on the subject 
and made frequent addresses to public assemblies 
in order to familiarize the people with the Aus- 
tralian system of voting. Through membership 
in the Citizens' League as well as in other organ- 
izations, he has aided numerous movements for 
the general welfare. One of his projects was to 
secure the removal of local and state taxes on 
ocean-going ships owned by Californians, his 
position being that, as the state cannot protect 
property on the open ocean, it cannot justly im- 
pose taxes on the same. In order to relieve the 
drought crisis he favored the issuing of permits 
to stock owners. Each permit-holder by law 
would be responsible for a specified district and 
would be obliged to guard against fire. By adopt- 
ing a system of that kind constant fighting over 
public- pastures would end. 

Four years after coming to California Mr. 
Kinney married the daughter of Judge James D. 
Thornton, and their union has been blessed with 
five sons. Mrs. Kinney traces her ancestry in a 
collateral line to Thomas Jefferson and is a direct 
danl of Mildred Washington, a niece of 
George Washington. Both in this country and 
abroad Mr. Kinney lias been acquainted with 
many men of renown. During his travels in the 
old world he nut Von Moltke, Victor Emanuel, 
Napoleon 111. Emperor of Austria, Abdul Aziz. 
Ismael Pasha and others, while in our own land 
he knew Lincoln, McClellan, < irant. Hancock, 
Farragut, Seward, Sherman. Thurman, Bavard, 

Randall, as well as many statesmen of later fame. 
With some of these he was intimately acquainted 
and their memory is enshrined within his heart 
among the priceless recollections of earlier years. 
During his half-century or more of life he has 
traveled in many lands, won the friendship of 
many of the greatest intellect of the day. tasted 
of life's joys and successes, and with patriotic 
fervor has labored to promote the welfare of his 
countrv and his fellowmen. 

Union Savings Bank of Pasadena, of which Mr. 
Groenendyke is the efficient cashier, was launched 
on the financial sea January 3, 1895, under the 
guidance of H. M. Gabriel and Robert Eason. 
With a board of directors composed of men no 
less capable than themselves they weathered the 
storms of ten years, in the meantime increasing 
their original capital stock from $50,000 to 
$100,000. At the end of this time the stock- 
holders disposed of their interest to the present 
owners, who came into possession March 1, 1905. 
The officers of the institution are now, Holloway 
I. Stuart, president; C. W. Smith, vice-president; 
and Edward H. Groenendyke, cashier, all of whom 
are men of known financial ability. The present 
capital stock of the bank is $100,000, the same 
as at time of purchase, and the surplus and undi- 
vided profits amount to $75,000. The location of 
the bank in the center of the business district 
makes it easy of access for all patrons of the 
commercial and savings departments, as well as 
the safety vaults. This latter department is the 
most complete and up-to-date of which any bank 
in the city can boast. Everything connected 
with the vaults is of the latest manufacture, and 
all of the finishings and furnishings are of the 
most improved character. 

Edward H. Groenendyke. the cashier of the 
Union Savings Bank, is a native of Indiana, bora 
in La Fayette in December. 1877, and is a son 
of John and Ellen Groenendyke. While he was 
still a youth his parents removed to the west, 
his primary and common-school education being 
received in the schools of Pasadena. This train- 
ing was followed by a course of three or four 
years in Throop Polytechnic Institute. Upon 
leaving college he went to Los Angeles and 



there put into practice his years of business train- 
ing as a clerk in a real-estate office. Subse- 
quently he branched out into business on his own 
account, in J902 organizing the Los Angeles 
Trust Company. For three years, or until March. 
1905. he filled the position of secretary in the 
latter company, resigning on the date last men- 
tioned, however, to accept his present position a^ 
cashier of the Union Savings Bank of Pasadena. 
In April, 1894, Mr. Groenendyke was married 
to Miss Vera M. Morehous, a daughter of Col. 
C. P. Morehous, who is a well-known and much 
respected citizen of Pasadena. A thorough busi- 
ness training and complete understanding of the 
intricacies and details involved in banking have 
been the secret of Mr. Groenendyke's success, 
and when to this is added his charm of person- 
ality, which makes a friend of every acquaintance, 
the reason for his rise in the business and social 
world is explained. 

GEORGE D. ROWAN was born in Corfu, 
X. Y.. in 1844. He was reared in Batavia, N. 
Y., where his father, James Rowan, was en- 
gaged in mercantile pursuits. At the age of 
twenty he went into business in partnership 
with his brother-in-law, E. B. Millar, at Lan- 
sing, Mich., where they conducted a wholesale 

In 1873 Mr. Rowan married Miss Fannie 
Arnold, a native of Sand Lake, Rensselaer 
county, N. Y., where her father, George Ar- 
nold, was engaged as a woolen manufacturer. 
A few years later the firm of E. B. Millar & 
Co. moved to Chicago, where they are still one 
of the largest concerns of the kind in that city. 
The city interests were looked after by Mr. 
Millar while Air. Rowan went to the Orient, 
and in Yokahoma made his home for a little 
over a year. 

In 1876, owing to his health, Mr. Rowan 
came to Los Angeles and opened a grocery 
store on North Main street, which he conduct- 
ed until 1884. He then moved to San Francis- 
co, and for a short time was engaged as a com- 
mission merchant with the firm known as Jen- 
nings & Rowan. In 1885 he returned to Los 
Angeles, and went into the real estate busi- 
ness, which he conducted until 1888, during 

which time he became associated with Col. J. 
B. Lankershim and O. H. Churchill in a num- 
ber of transactions. In 1889 he retired from 
active business and became a resident of Pasa- 
dena. In 1893 the partnership with Col. J. B. 
Lankershim was dissolved. In 1898 Mr. Row- 
an returned to Los Angeles, where he made 
his home until his death, which occurred Sep- 
tember 7, 1902. 

Politically Mr. Rowan was an adherent of 
Republican principles. He also was one of the 
early members of the Chamber of Commerce. 
He left a family of eight children, Robert A., 
Fred S., Earl Bruce, Paul, Philip D., Benja- 
min, Fannie F. and Flossie, all of whom are 
now living. 

ROBERT A. ROWAN was born in Chi- 
cago, August 27, 1876. At the age of three 
months he came to Los Angeles with his par- 
ents, and his education was received in the 
public schools of Los Angeles and Pasadena. 
His first business experience was in New 
York City, where for about a year he was em- 
ployed by the firm of Ward & Huntington, ex- 
porters of hardware to South America. 

In 1897 Mr. Rowan went into the real estate 
business, and in 1905 the business was reor- 
ganized and incorporated under the name of 
R. A. Rowan & Co., real estate brokers, with 
R. A. Rowan as president, F. S. Rowan secre- 
tary and P. D. Rowan treasurer, with offices 
on the second floor of the Herman W. Hell- 
man building. In partnership with A. C. Bil- 
icke, the Hotel Alexandria was built during 
the years 1905-1906. 

Mr. Rowan was married February 28, 1903, 
to Miss Laura Schwarz, of Los Angeles, a 
daughter of Louis and Lena Schwarz. 

PROF. GEORGE R. CROW. The life of 
Prof. George Rush Crow reflects the highest 
ideals and strongest principles that animate man- 
kind toward a plane of better morals, a kindlier 
brotherhood, a broader living, and in the evening 
of his days it is possible for him to look back 
over a fast-fleeting vista of years without regret, 
and forward without fear to that which awaits 
him in the Providence of God. For over twenty 



years be lias been a resident of Southern Cali- 
fornia, in the "land of sunshine and flowers" re- 
newing bis youth and adding by the power of 
the genial clime, the fragrant-laden winds of the 
sun-kissed Pacific, to his mental and physical 
being, until today he is not known among his 
friends as a man of advancing years, but rather 
as one who has within him the perpetual foun- 
tains of springtime. 

Professor Crow is a native of Ohio, in which 
state his grandfather, William Crow, a native 
of Virginia and a member of a distinguished 
family of the Old Dominion, settled in the early 
days of the Northwest territory. He became a 
pioneer farmer of Pickaway county and besides 
acquiring financial independence for his family, 
early assumed a place of importance among the 
upbuilding factors of that portion of the state. 
His death occurred January 15, 1814, his wife, 
Susanna, having passed away five years earlier, 
the last resting place of both being in Pickaway 
county. The professor's father, David Crow, 
was also a native of Virginia and was only a 
lad in years when he accompanied his parents to 
Ohio in 1802. Ten years later he served in the 
War of 1812, after which he married and estab- 
lished a home among the pioneer conditions of 
Pickaway county. Like his father he engaged in 
farming and like him, also, was successful in his 
labors and became known as one of the prosper- 
ous citizens of his community. His wife, Mary 
Connelly, was a native of Maryland, from which 
state she accompanied her parents to Ohio, and 
there married, in the vicinity of Salem Church, 
and passed the remainder of her life. Mr. Crow 
died October 31, i860, and his wife passed away 
on the 2 1st of January three years later. They 
became the parents of ten children, five sons and 
five daughters. 

George Rush Crow was born near Circleville, 
Pickaway county, September 26, 1832, and on his 
father's farm spent the years of his boyhood. 
His preliminary education was received in the 
district school in the vicinity of his home ; this 
amount of training was sufficient for the average 
farmer lad, but, endowed by inheritance from 
strong, colonial ancestors, with pronounced lit- 
erary ability and studious habits, he was never 
satisfied until able to take the course at the Ohio 
Wesleyan University, from which institution he 

was graduated with honors in the year 1861. 
His studies were shortly afterward interrupted 
by his enlistment in 1862 for service in the Civil 
war ; he participated in all of the important en- 
gagements of the Army of the Cumberland, and 
for distinguished services at the battle of Mur- 
freesboro was raised to the rank of captain. On 
account of his special qualifications he was as- 
signed to the corps of engineers, and suffice it 
to say he acquitted himself with the honors which 
had become recognized thus early as the result 
of the personal excellence he always sought in 
whatever he undertook. After the close of the 
war he located in Illinois and in Logan county 
engaged in agricultural pursuits for several years. 
In the meantime, four years after his graduation, 
his alma mater conferred upon him the degree of 
Master of Arts for merit in literary work. These 
interests he had kept up and had gradually come 
to be known as a man of erudition and one 
who was always in close touch with advancement 
in every line. In August, 1870, he was elected 
to the chair of Latin language and literature in 
the Illinois Wesleyan University, at Bloomington, 
III, and for ten years rendered exceptional serv- 
ice toward the advancement of educational work 
in this institution. 

The resignation of Professor Crow from his 
position in the Illinois Wesleyan University was 
induced by his desire to locate on the Pacific 
coast; in 1883, after severing business connec- 
tions in the east, he came to Los Angeles and 
since that date has been largely identified with the 
progress and development of this section of the 
state. As president of the Long Beach Land & 
Water Company he took a prominent part in the 
erection of the first hotel and the building of 
the first steam railroad to that resort. Here in 
1885 he inaugurated the Chautauqua Assembly 
of Southern California, which has ever since 
held annual assemblies at Long Beach. Great 
praise is due Professor Crow for his wise man- 
agement in freeing the assembly from a burden- 
some debt and placing its affairs on a solid 
financial basis. A summer school has also been 
established at Long Beach, to which enterprise 
in numerous ways the professor largely con- 

In bis religious life Professor Crow has given 
the added impulse of active living, relying not 




alone upon his own faith, but exemplifying every 
day his belief in the religion of the Apostle James 
that "faith without works is dead." During his 
entire life he has been a member of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church, and for almost the life 
of the average man he has proven a factor in its 
development and upbuilding. For a number of 
years he has served as a member of the board 
of trustees of the First Methodist Episcopal 
Church of Los Angeles, and as president of the 
same for a large part of this time was instru- 
mental in advancing the best interests of the de- 
nomination in Southern California. Pre-emi- 
nently of an aggressive spirit, it has been the 
part of Professor Crow to be actively identified 
in all movements with which his name is con- 
nected ; and characteristic of his strongest traits 
is also the success which has attended his efforts 
in all lines, for he gives to everything that claims 
his attention the same energy and thought which 
have distinguished his entire career. He is 
broad-gauge, thoroughly in touch with modern 
methods and thought, and still found foremost 
among the men seeking to advance the country's 
best interests. His aims and ambitions have al- 
ways been high, and however far short he may 
fall of a perfect attainment he has still steadily 
bent his steps toward the standard of excellence 
chosen by him in the early morning of life as the 
most priceless possession the world could give 
him. Such men cannot fail to have their influ- 
ence and the world cannot but be better for their 
having lived. 

In Topeka, Kans., October 14, 1869, Professor 
Crow was married to Elizabeth M. Kanaga, a 
native of Urbana, Ohio. Four children have 
been born of their marriage, Marie, Chauncey, 
Florence Elizabeth and G. Maurice. The second 
daughter, Florence E., became the wife of Bert 
F. Mull, of Columbus, Ohio, their marriage be- 
ing celebrated August 24, 1898. The youngest 
son, G. Maurice, was married in June, 1903 to 
Edna Davenport, of Los Angeles, and the 'fol- 
lowing children have been born to them, Virginia 
Florence and Elizabeth Davenport Crow. 

though many years have elapsed since the 
death of Andrew Oliphant Porter, he is still 

remembered by the pioneers of Pasadena and 
revered by those who knew him personally in 
his citizenship, as well as by those who knew 
only his name as connected with the upbuild- 
ing and development of this section of South- 
ern California. Mr. Porter was a native of 
Indiana, his birth having occurred in Law- 
renceburg July 17, 1819; he was there reared 
and educated and launched in a business ca- 
reer. In the early '50s he was attracted to 
California by the discovery of gold, engaged 
in mining for some years, and then in 1857 
returned to his Indiana home. Later he lo- 
cated in Shelbyville, Ind., and was there en- 
gaged as local agent for the Indianapolis, Cin- 
cinnati & Louisville Railroad, now the "Big 
Four." A man of business judgment and en- 
ergy, he also engaged in the grain business and 
invested in real estate, purchasing land for 
$25 an acre which he later sold for $90. Later 
he associated himself with William Elliott and 
others in the conduct of the Shelby Mills, 
much of the management devolving upon him, 
his splendid integrity and trustworthiness be- 
ing relied upon to protect his partners' inter- 
ests. The reputation he early established in 
business remained with him throughout life, 
and never was his trust misplaced or betrayed. 
After fifteen years spent in his eastern home, 
in 1873 Mr. Porter came again to California, 
being one of the twenty-eight pioneers of Pas- 
adena who formed a company and purchased 
four thousand acres of land upon which the 
town now partly stands. The colony estab- 
lished by these men was called the Indiana 
colony. Many of them are still living in Pasa- 
dena and have reason to look with pride upon 
the results of their early efforts. Mr. Porter 
had great confidence in the future of Southern 
California and without hesitation invested his 
means in real estate, which as time passed rose 
in value and eventually made him a wealthy 
man. In 1875 he built one of the first substan- 
tial and beautiful homes on Orange Grove 
avenue, in what is now South Pasadena, lo- 
cated on elevated ground which afforded a 
magnificent view of the city below, the valley 
and mountains. He originally owned quite a 
large tract here, but as property increased in 
value for residence purposes he sold the land 



until he had left but three acres surrounding 
hi.s home, and which was cultivated and im- 
proved with all the trees, shrubbery and flow- 
ers native to the state. The death of Mr. Por- 
ter occurred January i", 1888. 

Mr. Porter was twice married, a son by his 
first marriage, Omer T. Porter, having died in 
Los Angeles. He married in 1865 Miss Anna 
Green, and they became the parents of three 
children, one a son, William, having died in 
California at the age of eight years, and Don 
Carlos is now a prominent lawyer of Pasadena 
and Los Angeles, connected with the firm of 
Porter, Sutton & Cruickshank, with offices in 
both the above named cities. Mr. Porter was 
a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
a consistent Christian, and a citizen of worth 
and works. He was universally known as the 
peacemaker because of his pacific disposition 
and was often called upon to settle disputes; 
he was public-spirited, kind and generous to 
a fault and unostentatious in all his gifts. He 
gave his best efforts toward the advancement 
of public interests of Pasadena, being instru- 
mental in securing the water supply of Pasa- 
dena in the early days, and was also interested 
in the organization of the First National Bank 
of that city. 

name of Prof. T. S. C. Lowe is well known 
anions the scientific men of the United States, 
he being the inventor of the Water Gas System, 
on which has been built up some of the largest 
industries of the world, and also the original 
inventor of the Compression System of artificial 
ice making and refrigeration, now in general 
use. He is a native of New Hampshire, his 
birth having occurred in Jefferson, August 20, 
1832. He received a preliminary education 
which was only the foundation for the informa- 
tion which In- afterward acquired through read- 
observation and experience. As a very 
young man In- was named among the scientists 
who would effect changes beneficial in the eco- 
nomic life of the nation, and as early as 1856 he 
constructed balloons in order to study atmos- 
pheric phenomena. During the Civil war he was 
chief of the Aeronautic Corps, which he himself 

organized, and in 1862 devised a system of sig- 
nalling of much value to the cause. Later he 
invented valuable instruments for atmospheric 
investigation. He constructed and operated the 
largest aerostat ever built, same having an at- 
mospheric displacement of more than sixteen 
tons. He invented also the compression ice 
machine system and with it made the first arti- 
ficial ice and fitted out the first steamship with 
his refrigerating machinery for food preserva- 
tion and transportation, which has marked a 
revolution in the world's food supply. The 
patent of the water gas revolutionized the gas 
industry, and for some time he has been putting 
into use his discoverv of a new system for the 
production of coke and gas of high quality from 
petroleum oil products. This led to the organi- 
zation of the Lowe Anthracite Gas and Power 
Company. This oil-coke will take the place of 
charcoal for all purposes, in fact there is no use 
either domestic or manufacturing where coke or 
anthracite coal is employed, for which this will 
not prove far superior. The Lowe system can 
produce gar as a by-product, free of cost in any 
portion of the United States, from oil where it 
is the cheapest, and from bituminous coal while 
making metallurgical coke and other smokeless 
fuel as a substitute for anthracite. 

Professor Lowe has also given to the world 
the beauties of the famous Lowe railway, which, 
climbing a dizzy height of about three thousand 
feet by means of a double cable and known as 
the " inclined railway," the line then winds sev- 
eral thousand feet higher amid the grandeurs 
of a scene unsurpassed among even the beauties 
of scenic Italy. This inclined railway was the 
first ever operated by water power and gas en- 
gines. It is also the first instance of an all up- 
grade railway operated by rail, which has now 
become common on all mountain scenic roads. 
In honor of his achievement the peak was named 
Alt. I. owe by government officials. He has also 
perpetuated his name by the erection of the Lowe 
Observatory, slightly above the head of the in- 
clined railway. 

Personallj Professor Lowe has not allowed 
his intellectual qualities to supplant those of a 
warmer nature, and although he has of necessity 
given the greater part of his time and attention 
to scientific pursuits, yet he possesses a kindli- 




ness of character, and simplicity of manner which 
have won him many friends, especially among 
those who have visited the observatory and seen 
him at his work. 

The life history of Dr. Edgar is one of unusual 
interest. Fnil of incidents, stirring and ad- 
venturous, it possesses that fascination which 
attaches to all lives that present the spectacle 
of small beginnings and large achievements, 
and of success wrested from adverse circum- 
stances. Through a career which began in 
1823 and ended in 1897 he was a witness of 
much of the remarkable development of the 
United States, no part of which was more in- 
teresting to him than the Golden state, where 
the happiest years of his life were passed. 
A surgeon among surgeons, few there are if 
any who saw more active service than did he 
during the twenty years passed on the fron- 
tiers of Oregon and California and in the Civil 

( )n both sides of the family Dr. Edgar was 
descended from military antecedents, one 
grandfather being a captain of light artillery 
in the Revolutionary war, and the other a 
captain of infantry in the war of 1812. The 
martial spirit of the paternal grandfather was 
strongly implanted in his son, for at the age 
of seventeen years William Hamilton Edgar 
enlisted from his native state, Virginia. After 
his honorable discharge from the service and 
when peace once more reigned, he settled for 
a time in Kentucky, but later went to Mis- 
souri. A man of unusual strength of char- 
acter, honest and industrious, he impressed 
all with whom he came in contact, and none 
more so than his own children, who honored 
and revered him to the end of his days. The 
last years of his life were spent under Cali- 
fornia skies, and it was while living in San 
Bernardino in 1866 that he answered the final 
roll-call. In death he was not long separated 
from the wife of his youth, for two years 
later she too passed away. After the death 
of her husband she made her home with her 
son William in Drum Barracks, near Wilming- 
ton. Five children were originally comprised 

in the parental family, but all arc now deceased. 
The only daughter died in infancy ; one of 
the sons, who was a soldier, died in Santa Fe 
in 1846; another, who was a lawyer by pro- 
fession, died in Los Angeles in 1862; still 
another died in 1874 at the Edgar rancho at 
San Gorgonio, Cal. ; the eldest child in the 
family and the last survivor was William F. 

William Francis Edgar was born on a farm 
in Jassamine count}-, Ky., in March. 1823. 
Nothing worthy of note occurred in his life 
until he was eight years old, when he became 
a pupil in the log schoolhouse about three 
miles from his father's home. The path was 
cut through a heavy dark forest, and this the 
child traveled over twice a day alone in pur- 
suit of his early schooling. When the family 
located in Missouri he enjoyed better priv- 
ileges, completing his non-professional course 
in Bonne Femme College in Boone county. 
After the panic which swept over the country 
in 1837 the family removed to St. Joseph, and 
there he made his first step toward self-sup- 
port. The thought paramount in his mind 
however was to secure the means with which 
to pursue his studies, for ere this he had made 
up his mind to become a physician. While 
working in a drug store as clerk he devoted 
every spare moment to the study of medicine 
and chemistry and in this way prepared him- 
self both financially and mentally to enter 
the medical department of the University of 
Louisville, from which in 1848 he graduated 
with high honors under Prof. Samuel Gross. 
At the beginning of the second session of his 
college career he with two fellow students was 
appointed assistant demonstrator of anatomy, 
an appointment which he held until he entered 
the army. Life on the frontier in Missouri 
gave him an excellent opportunity to get an 
insight into army life and after making the 
acquaintance of several army surgeons the 
trend of his professional training had been 
decided. After taking his degree he presented 
himself before the army examining board in 
New York and out of scores of candidates he 
was one of four who successfully passed the 
the rigid test. 

The public life of Dr. Edgar began with his 
appointment as assistant surgeon in the United 



States army in the spring of 1849. At Jeffer- 
son Barracks he was assigned for duty first 
at Fort Leavenworth, but was later trans- 
ferred to Oregon, traveling by steamer to old 
Fort Kearny. While en route Asiatic cholera 
broke out among the passengers, and both on 
board ship and on the well-trodden path to 
the gold fields the doctor tended many a sick 
and discouraged wayfarer, giving his services 
gratuitously. Subsequently he was ordered to 
Vancouver, later to The Dalles, and while at 
the latter place, in the spring of 1851, orders 
from the government brought about changes 
which finailv placed Dr. Edgar under com- 
mand of Major Philip Kearny, with head- 
quarters at Sonoma, Cal. There he was as- 
sociated with men who years afterward be- 
came famous for their gallant services in the 
Civil war, notably Joseph Hooker and George 
Stoneman. From Sonoma Dr. Edgar was sta- 
tioned successively for a short time at Fort 
.Miller, the Yosemite valley, and toward the 
close of 1853 was ordered to Fort Reading, 
where now stands the town of Redding, 
Shasta county. The severe physical strain 
which he had been under during the past 
years had begun to tell on his constitution and 
made him an easy prey to the malarial ten- 
dencies by which he was surrounded in camp. 
One chill December night while suffering 
with malarial fever he arose from his sick 
bed in answer to summons to attend a com- 
rade who had met with a severe accident, and 
upon his return to his own quarters at day- 
break he was seized with vertigo and fell un- 
conscious, stricken with paralysis. At this time 
he was a young man of only thirty years. 
In response to orders from his commandant 
he was relieved from duty and taken to the 
home of a friend in Tejon valley, where he 
received careful nursing and by the last of 
March following was able to walk. The 
three months leave of absence which was 
granted him was spent for the most part in 
Kentucky and Missouri, and upon its expira- 
tion lie reported for duty at Jefferson liar- 
racks, mar St. Louis. Assigned to the Sec- 
ond United States Cavalry corps he there be- 
associated with such men as Robert E. 
Lee, Mbert Sidne) John-ton. William J. Mar- 

dee and George H. Thomas, who were later 
to shine with such brilliancy in the Civil con- 
flict. After a brief stay in Texas, whither 
the command had been ordered, Dr. Edgar 
was sent to Fort Meyers, in Florida, where 
there was a scarcity of medical men. In the 
latter part of 1856 he was ordered to New 
York, and the year following he was once 
more at his post at Fort Miller, Cal., under 
command of Captain Ord. 

The breaking out of the Civil war was re- 
sponsible for the events in the next epoch in 
the career of Dr. Edgar. In November, 1861, 
he was ordered to report at Washington, be- 
ing among the last of the regular troops to 
leave the Pacific coast. As surgeon with the 
rank of major he was assigned to General 
Buell's command in Kentucky, reorganizing 
and taking charge of the general hospital at 
Louisville. Once more his health failed un- 
der the pressure of professional duties, ex- 
posure and fatiguing travel, and against his 
wishes he was retired from active service, be- 
ing assigned to duty in the medical director's 
office in the department of the east, with head- 
quarters in New York. It was in the latter 
city, March 8, 1866, in the Church of the 
Nativity, that he was united in marriage with 
Miss Catherine L. Kennifer. a lady of many 
excellent qualifications. Memories of the de- 
lightful climate and sunny skies of Califor- 
nia made Dr. Edgar a willing victim, when, 
after the close of war, he was once more or- 
dered to this state, a pleasure which was en- 
hanced by the fact that his parents had located 
here to spend their remaining days. With 
the exception of a few years of private prac- 
tice in Los Angeles Dr. Edgar spent the re- 
maining years of his professional career at 
Drum Barracks. In the meantime he had pur- 
chased a large ranch at San Gorgonio, San 
Bernardino county, which until 1874 was man- 
aged by his brother Francis Marion, but upon 
the death of the latter in that year he himself 
assumed charge of the property. Selling a 
portion of it in 1881. he finally disposed of 
the remainder, in 1886 selling it to the San 
Gorgonio Investment Company. Los An- 
geles never had a more true-hearted, devoted 
citizen than Dr. Edgar, his love for his adopt- 


- • 



ed city expressing itself in endless ways. Be- 
sides being a member of the County Medical 
Society he was a member of the Southern Cal- 
ifornia Historical Society, the Library Asso- 
ciation of Los Angeles, the first agricultural 
society of this city and also its successor the 
Sixth District Agricultural Association, and 
the Main Street and Agricultural Park Rail- 
road Company. Not only was he a member 
of the foregoing organizations, but in nearly 
all he served in some official capacity, being a 
director of the last-named for more than fif- 
teen years. The death of Dr. Edgar, August 
23, 1897, closed a career filled with noble deeds 
and self-sacrificing devotion to his fellowmen, 
and was a complete fulfillment of the motto 
which he had adopted as his guide in early 
college days: 

"Honor and shame from no condition rise ; 
Act well your part ; there all the honor lies." 

JOSEPH KURTZ, M. D. It has been the 
privilege of Dr. Kurtz to witness the develop- 
ment of the west during the more than forty 
years of his identification with its history. 
With a robust constitution and a good educa- 
tion in the university of Giessen as his chief 
assets he left the Fatherland in young man- 
hood determined to make a name and place for 
himself in the new world. The history of his 
life in the years which have intervened attests 
more plainly than can words that his ambi- 
tion has been realized, for today he ranks high 
in the medical circles of Southern California, 
being known as one of the most able and one 
of the oldest practitioners in this section of 

As has been intimated Dr. Kurtz is a native 
of Germany, born in Oppenheim, Hesse-Darm- 
stadt, in 1842, the son of parents who were also 
natives of the Fatherland. His boyhood train- 
ing was not unlike that of the average Ger- 
man youth and as is customary in that coun- 
try he attended the gymnasium. During his 
school days he recognized a predilection for 
the medical profession and following his gym- 
nasium course he attended the medical col- 
lege at the University of Giessen for two years. 

In 1862. when twenty years of age, he came 
to the United States, and for about a year 
was employed as a pharmacist in Pottsville, 
Pa. The year following he served as a stew- 
ard in the Jarvis army hospital in Baltimore, 
and in 1864 went to Chicago, where for sev- 
eral years he was engaged in the drug busi- 
ness. A desire to see the far west prompted 
him to make the trip by way of Panama in 
1867, landing at San Francisco, but early in 
the following year he came to Los Angeles, 
a city which was destined to be his future 
home and the scene of his brilliant career. 
Soon after reaching this city he resumed his 
interest in the drug business, following this 
until he was once more enabled to take up his 
medical studies. Going to San Francisco he 
matriculated in Toland Medical College and 
upon the completion of the course, in 1872, 
graduated with the degree of M. D. It was 
with this preparation that he returned to Los 
Angeles and opened an office for the practice 
of medicine and surgery and from the first 
his practice has continued to grow until he is 
now ranked as one of the brightest lights in 
the medical profession in Southern California. 
Of late years, however, he has made more of 
a specialty of surgery. In 1889 he went to 
Europe to take a special course in medicine 
and surgery, studying in Munich, Berlin and 
Heidelberg, and again in 1903 he went abroad, 
this time to attend the clinics of Dr. Lorenz, 
the celebrated orthopedic surgeon in Vienna, 
at the same time continuing his researches in 
Berlin, Munich and Paris. To Dr. Kurtz is 
due not a little of the credit for the establish- 
ment of the medical college carried on in con- 
nection with the University of Southern Cali- 
fornia, he being one of the most active advo- 
cates and workers in its organization, and ever 
since its founding he has held the chair of 
surgery. In addition to this he is president of 
the Los Angeles College Clinical Association. 
For fifteen years he was surgeon for the 
Southern Pacific Railroad Company, and is 
now consulting physician for the Santa Fe 
Railroad Company. 

In Chicago in 1866, Dr. Kurtz was united in 
marriage with Miss Ida Felbert, who like 
himself was a native of Germany, her birth 


occurring in Carlsruhe. Baden. Five children, 
two sons and three daughters, have been born 
of their marriage and all are worthily filling 
their respective places in the world. The eld- 
est son, Carl, who graduated from the Belle- 
vue Hospital Medical College, Xew York City, 
is a practicing physician in Los Angeles, and 
is professor of gynecology in the medical col- 
lege connected with the University of Southern 
California. The other son, William, is in the 
employ of the Home Telephone Company in 
San Francisco. Millie is the wife of R. L. 
Horton. of Los Angeles ; Christine is the wife 
of J. M. McGary, also of this city; and Cath- 
erine, the youngest member of the family, is 
still at home with her parents. Mrs. Kurtz 
and her daughters are members of the Epis- 
copal Church, taking an active part in all the 
activities connected therewith. As is natural 
to suppose Dr. Kurtz is actively interested in 
whatever tends to advance the science of medi- 
cine, and he holds membership in the Ameri- 
can Medical Association, State Medical Asso- 
ciation, Los Angeles County Medical Associa- 
tion and the Southern California Medical Asso- 
ciation. The organization of the German hos- 
pital of this city is due to the earnest efforts 
of Dr. Kurtz, who has been its manager ever 
since, and he was also one of the organizers of 
the Turn-Verein of this city, the meetings 
which finally brought about the organization 
being held in his office over thirty-seven years 
ago. Another social order with which he is 
connected is the University Club. The sub- 
ject of education for the young is one which 
appeals very strongly to him and for about ten 
years he served on the board of education of 
either the city or county, and for four years 
of this time was president of that body. He 
also served a- coroner of Los Angeles county 
for three terms of two years each, a position 
for which he was well qualified, and one which 
he filled creditabl) to all concerned. Though 
nominally Dr. Kurt/ i- a Democrat he is not a 
partisan, and in the casting of his ballot the 
fitness of the candidate for the position has 
ni-i. weighl than party name. During his 
long connection with the city of Los Angeles 
Dr. Kurtz has gained and maintained a high 

position in medical annals, and in business 
and social affairs he is also well known and 

highly respected. 

JOHN XEWELL HUNT. Among the pub- 
lic officers of Los Angeles county who have 
distinguished themselves for their faithfulness 
to the duties imposed upon them by their ac- 
ceptance of official position, is John Newell Hunt, 
the present incumbent of the office of county 
treasurer. He was born in Dewitt county. III, 
near Clinton, February 20, 1863, the youngest in 
a family of ten children. The paternal family 
were residents of New Jersey, from which state 
the grandfather immigrated to Springfield, Ohio, 
and there engaged as a hotel man until his 
death, which occurred in 1845. His son, John B., 
born in Springfield, Ohio, became a physician in 
young manhood and in the year of his father's 
death located in Illinois, where he pursued his 
profession for some years. In 1882 he came to 
the Pacific coast and as a retired citizen located 
in Los Angeles, where his death occurred in 
1891. lie is survived by his wife, formerly Sa- 
rah Barnett, a native of Springfield, Ohio, and 
daughter of Samuel Barnett ; she still makes her 
home in Los Angeles. 

One of two living children, John Newell Hunt 
was reared in his Illinois home and educated in 
its public schools. He accompanied his parents 
to Southern California, where his first occupa- 
tion was as a horticulturist in South Pasadena. 
A part of the property upon which he was em- 
ployed he sold in 1886 as acreage and a part 
as a subdivision to the city, and in the follow- 
ing year he entered the Southern California Sav- 
ings Bank as teller. He rose to the position 
of cashier, remaining connected with the insti- 
tution for seven years. In the meantime he had 
established himself among the citizens of worth 
and ability and was taking an active part in the 
affairs of the Republican party, of wdiose prin- 
ciples he was always a stanch adherent. In Janu- 
ary, 1895, he accepted a position in the office of 
the county tax collector, the incumbent at that 
time being A. H. Merwin, acting as cashier until 
January, 1899, when he received the appoint- 
ment to the position of chief deputy tax col- 
lector under John H. Gish. Re-appointed in 


January, 1903, by Col. W. O. Welch, he served 
in this positon until January, 1907. In the mean- 
time, in the fall of 1906, he was nominated on 
the Republican ticket and endorsed by the other 
parties, for the office of county treasurer, and 
being elected took the oath of office in January, 
1907. Although but a brief time has elapsed, 
the preparation that Mr. Hunt had received for 
the office along the splendid line of business 
training, and the manner in which he has grasped 
affairs, speak well for a successful tenure of 

In Los Angeles Mr. Hunt was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Hattie Collins, a native of Pon- 
tiac. TIL. and they are the parents of the fol- 
lowing children : Harry, Grace and Edward. 
In his fraternal relations Mr. Hunt is identified 
with the Masonic organization, having been 
made a member of the order in South Pasadena 
Lodge No. 367, F. & A. M., in which he is now 
acting as secretary, and socially is identified with 
the Union League Club. He is prominent in 
politics and active in the advancement of the 
principles he endorses. In religion both himself 
and wife are members of the Presbyterian Church, 
and are liberal in their support of all its char- 

BRADNER W. LEE. The records of the 
Lee family since its location in America dur- 
ing the colonial period of our history form 
an interesting account of one of the most 
prominent names of the western world. The 
emigrating ancestor was Nathaniel Lee, who 
was born in the city of Dublin, Ireland, of 
English ancestry, in the year 1695. He was 
a commissioned officer in the British army, and 
at the time of the Rebellion and accession 
of George the First, he sided with the "Re- 
volt ;" his property was confiscated, and while 
yet a single man. in 1725. he emigrated to 
America and settled on the banks of the Hud- 
son, near the village of Fishkill, in Dutchess 
county, N. Y., where he soon married Mar- 
garet De Long. Of this union were born 
three sons, Thomas, Joshua and John (who 
died at the age of twelve years), and four 
daughters, Margaret, Patience, Polly and 
Sally. The father attained the advanced age 

of ninety-eight years, and both himself and 
wife were interred in the cemetery at Dover, 
Dutchess county, N. V. 

Thomas Lee was born at the family resi- 
dence November 15, 1739, and before attaining 
his majority — on the 22nd of July, 1760, he 
married Watey Shearman (or Sherman, 
as it is variously spelled), born December 9, 
1743. Shortly afterward Mr. Lee purchased a 
farm near Fishkill, at a point called Quaker- 
town, and there made his home for some years. 
At the outbreak of the War of the Revolution 
he was among the first to respond to his coun- 
try's call, and in the years of that long, and 
at times well-nigh hopeless struggle, his name 
appears frequently in the published military 
records of the part taken by New York. IE- 
was commissioned second lieutenant in Capt. 
Jacob Rosecrans' Dutchess County Company, 
Col. lames Holmes. Fourth Regiment, New 
York Continental Line, June 30. 1775. This 
was one of the first four regiments of the Con- 
tinental Line organized in the Colony of New 
York upon the Establishment of 1775. by act 
of the Provincial Congress at its session of 
June 30. 1775. He was promoted to first lieu- 
tenant, same company and regiment. August 
3, 1775, serving in this command until No- 
vember, 1776. At the session of the Provin- 
cial Congress, November 21. 1776, four 
additional battalions of the Continental 
Line of the State of New York were 
authorized, and a list of the officers 
and their rank arranged. In this list 
appears, in the Fourth Battalion. Col. Henry 
B. Livingston. William Jackson's Company, 
Thomas Lee. first lieutenant, ranking tenth in 
the battalion. The minutes of this session 
further show that Col. Lewis Du Bois was 
being urged for appointment as colonel of one 
of the four battalions, but was left out of the 
arrangement, the records saying: "That from 
the quota of this state being assessed so low 
as four battalions many good officers will be 
unprovided for. That sundry applications 
have been made to your Committee for Com- 
missions by Young Gentlemen of Fortune and 
Family whose services your Committee are 
under the disagreeable necessity of declining 
to accept." 



It resulted finally in a fifth battalion or 
regiment of the Continental Line for the state 
of New York being authorized and Col. Lewis 
Du Bois appointed colonel thereof with the 
"rank of fourth colonel of the New York 
forces." In this regiment Thomas Lee was 
commissioned captain of the Eighth Company 
of date November 21, 1776, and following this 
participated in the battles of Forts Montgom- 
ery and Clinton. White Plains and other en- 
gagements along the Hudson. The muster roll 
of his company is preserved in the New York 
archives at Albany, X. Y., and is published in 
Vol. I. New York in the Revolution, Albany, 
1887. He was a member of a general court 
martial held by order of General Washington 
near White Plains. This court was composed 
of Brigadier-General McDugall, president, a 
colonel, a lieutenant-colonel, a major and ten 
captains. Col. Morris Graham was tried be- 
fore this court on the charge of cowardice at 
the Battle of White Plains, preferred against 
him by Col. Joseph Reed, General Washing- 
ton's secretary, and was acquitted, the evi- 
dence showing that his movement of troops 
from which the charge arose was directed by 
his superior officer. Captain Lee was also a 
member of a general court martial held at 
Fort Montgomery, April 30, 1777, by order of 
Gen. George Clinton, composed of Col. Lewis 
Du Bois. president, fifteen captains and two 
lieutenants. Nine men were tried before this 
court, charged with treason, convicted and sen- 
tenced to death. This court again met May 2, 
1777. and proceeded to try sixteen additional 
men charged with treason, convicted them, 
and sentenced them to death, but recom- 
mended seven of them for mercy. Gen. George 
Clinton, however, disapproved the recommen- 
dation, urging a severe example to deter oth- 
ers from like crime. His recommendation was 
followed, and the prisoners ordered executed. 
The weekly returns of forces at Fort Mont- 
gomery for the months of May, June and July, 
1777. show the presence there of Captain Lee 
and his company, and he continued at this 
post and participated in the battles of Fort 
Montgomer) and Clinton. After this latter 
engagement the regiment went into camp at 
the Heights of New Windsor. On October 

14. 1777. at this place, Captain Lee served 
as a member of a general court martial ap- 
pointed by Gen. George Clinton. The court 
was composed of Colonel Du Bois, president, 
two majors and ten captains. Daniel Tavlor, 
charged with being a spy. was tried before 
the court, convicted and sentenced to death. 
This sentence was approved and ordered car- 
ried into execution. In a letter dated Novem- 
ber 24. 1777, from Gen. George Clinton to 
Gen. Israel Putnam, from New Windsor, state- 
ment is made that "Captain Lee was per- 
mitted to return with his Family & Effects 
to New York agreeable to your first letter." 
On March 1, 1778, returns of the regiment 
show Captain Lee at New Windsor. On. May 
19, 1778, Captain Lee resigned. On Febru- 
ary 18, 1779, at Fort Ranger, Capt. Thomas 
Lee served as president of a court martial of 
inquiry for the purpose of trying Melkiah 
Grout, a justice of the peace, who had at- 
tempted to exercise jurisdiction within New 
York in the disputed territory known as the 
New Hampshire grants, when he had been 
appointed to office in New Hampshire. He 
was found innocent and set at liberty. On 
the 19th of October, 1779, Captain Lee was 
transferred to Col. Zephania Piatt's regiment, 
New York Militia, Dutchess County Associ- 
ated Exempts, in which command he served 
for some time. The returns from the regiment 
November 9. 10, 14 and 17, of the year 1779, 
show Captain Lee and company at Camp 
Fishkill. Subsequently he was commis- 
sioned and served as captain in Col. 
Lewis Du Bois' Regiment, New York Militia 
Levies of the State to re-inforce the Armies 
of the United States, July 1, 1780. 

After the close of his services in the army 
Captain Lee removed to Hudson, Columbia 
county, N. Y. In the spring of 1790, with 
his large family, together with a few of his 
friends, he emigrated to western New York, 
settling upon the western shore of Seneca lake, 
in the then county of Ontario, in what is now 
the town of Milo, near the present village of 
Perm Yan, now in Yates county. He pur- 
chased a tract of three hundred acres of land, 
erecting thereon a log house and a flour mill, 
near the falls of the outlet of Crooked lake. 



or Lake Keuka. The following spring he 
built a large residence of Colonial architecture 
upon another portion of his farm, in which he 
resided until his death, when it passed to his 
son, Dr. Joshua Lee, who later rebuilt it and 
lived there until his death, and it continued 
for many years a prominent landmark. It was 
destroyed by fire a few years since. Captain 
Lee was one of the most prominent of the 
early settlers of western New York, and his 
name is frequently mentioned in the history 
of Yates county. He served as supervisor of 
the town of Jerusalem in 1792, being its first 
one. He died January 22, 1814, at the age of 
seventy-five years, and his wife on October 
14, 1833, at the age of ninety. Their last rest- 
ing place is in the cemetery at Penn Yan„ 
N. Y. They had reared a family of six daugh- 
ters and four sons, namely : Abigail, Nancy, 
Mary, Patience, Elizabeth, Thomas, Jr., 
Watey, James, Joshua and Sherman. All of 
these children attained years of maturity, mar- 
ried and reared large families, and resided in 
Yates county, X. Y., in the vicinity of Penn 
Yan, and the sons of Captain Lee became 
prominent in the early civil and military his- 
tory of their state, and all acquired comfort- 
able competences. Abigail married Joseph 
Ross and while a widow removed, with her 
family, to "Illinois, where her sons, Joseph, 
Ossian M., Nathan, and Thomas, became 
prominent among the early pioneers of that 
state. Her grandsons. Hon. Lewis \Y. Ross 
and Gen. Leonard Fulton Ross, attained dis- 
tinction and prominence in the political and 
military history of Illinois. Among others of 
her descendants who have attained distinction 
are Commander William Kilburn, of the navy. 
a graduate of the Naval Academy at Annap- 
olis; his son. Capt. Dana Willis Kilburn, of 
the Army, a graduate of the West Point Mili- 
tary Academy ; Gen. Charles L. Kilburn, also 
a graduate of West Point, now deceased ; and 
Hon. Paris Kilburn, formerly Surveyor of Cus- 
toms, Port of San Francisco, and president of 
the State Board of Harbor Commissioners. 
Hon. John Wesley Ross, LL. D., was formerly 
postm?ster of Washington. D. C. and presi- 
dent of the Board of Commissioners of the Dis- 
trict of Columbia, and lecturer in the law de- 

partment of Georgetown University. Nancy 
married Hezekiah Keeler. Mary married Joshua 
Andrews, and her grandson, Charles Asa Bab- 
cock, was educated at the Naval Academy at 
Annapolis, holding the rank of commander in 
the Navy at his death. 1'atience married Lewis 
Birdsall, a son of Col. Benjamin Birdsall, 
prominent in the Revolutionary and early po- 
litical history of New York. Her grand- 
daughter. Sophia Birdsall. daughter of Dr. 
Lewis A., formerly director of the mint in 
San Francisco, became the first wife of Hon. 
Milton S. Latham, formerly governor of Cali- 
fornia and United States Senator therefrom. 
Elizabeth married Lambert Van Alstyne. 
Dr. Joshua became a distinguished phy- 
sician and surgeon, and was one of the 
popular men of his day in Yates county. 
He was surgeon of the One Hundred and 
Third New York Regiment in the war of 
1812, was at the battle of Queenstown, and 
was one of the first who crossed the river on 
that occasion in the discharge of his duties. 
He was a member of the New York Assembly 
for 1816, 1817, 1833, and a member of the 
Twenty-fourth United States Congress in 
1835-1837. He was elected to the assembly 
in 1817. defeating his brother, Thomas, Jr., 
who was the opposing candidate. Thomas 
Lee, Jr., was a man of great force of charac- 
ter and engaged in large business enterprises. 
He was a colonel in the war of 1812. and after- 
wards served as a colonel in the New York 
militia. He also held many town and county 
offices, and served in the New York Assembly 
in 1816, finally emigrating in 1822 to Detroit, 
in the territory of Michigan, where he was a 
member of its first Constitutional Convention. 
He afterwards resided at Dexter. Mich. Sher- 
man Lee was a major in the war of 1812, and 
afterwards colonel of the One Hundred and 
Third New York Militia Regiment. James 
Lee was commissioned by Governor Morgan 
Lewis as an ensign in the New York Militia 
in 1805. This commission is now in the pos- 
session of his grandson, Bradner Wells Lee, 
of Los Angeles, Cal. Many of the descend- 
ants of Captain Lee and his children have 
served with distinction in the civil and mili- 
tary departments of the government, adding 



honor to the name bequeathed to them by the 
Revolutionary hero. 

James Lee, the second son of Captain 
Thomas Lee, was born January 15. 1780. and 
in young manhood married Sarah Smith, 
who was born August 3. 1784, daughter of 
Richard Smith, of Groton, Conn., who re- 
moved to Penn Yan, X. Y., in 1790. He was 
one of a committee of three sent out from 
Connecticut in 1787 who purchased a large 
tract of land near Penn Yan for a Society of 
Friends. He became one of the most promi- 
nent of the early settlers of that county, and 
was a man of large property interests. His 
son. Col. Avery Smith, was colonel of the 
One Hundred and Third New York Regiment 
in the War of 1812, and also served in the New 
York Assembly several terms. James Lee died 
in Milo, N. Y., in 1868, his wife having passed 
away January 11, 1858, in her seventy-fourth 
year. They reared a family of ten children, viz. : 
Elizabeth A., Daniel S.. Mary, Avery Smith, 
Sarah Jane, David Richard, Susanna Wag- 
ner. James Barker, Russell Joshua and Sophia 
P., all of whom married and reared large fam- 
ilies. Their sixth child, David Richard Lee. 
was born at Milo, X. Y., January 2~, 1815, and 
in young manhood became a farmer and mer- 
chant. He settled at East Groveland, Liv- 
ingston county. X. Y., in 1849, ar, d made that 
place his home until his death, which oc- 
curred March 11, 1886. By marriage, June 
14, 1849, he allied himself with an old and 
prominent family of America, Elizabeth 
Northrum Wells becoming his wife. She was 
a daughter of Isaac Titchenor and Charity 
(Kenyon) Wells, and her paternal ancestry 
can be traced back to the time of William 
iln ( 1 mqueror. 

The Roll of Battle Abbey contains the name 
of this ancestor of the Wells family, "R. de 
Euille" or \\ elles. Euille or Welles bore the 
same arms with slight variation. The 
name ramifies in many directions, and among 
man} different families, Vallibus, Welles. Lee, 
Millburn, Molbeck, Mollineaux (or Miller), 
D'Everaux, Wassa, Washbourn (afterwards 
Washington), Burn, Hurtburn, Heburn, etc. 
The ancestor was named Euille (a spring or 

water) in Xormandy, and originated also the 
root of Vernon. 

The origin of the dc Welles family of Lin- 
colnshire, Barons by summons to parliament. 
was in the Yaux (or Baux, or Bayeux. or de 
Vallibus) family of France, one of the illus- 
trious families known to history. The deri- 
vation is traced to the year 794, from which 
period they held the highest rank, personally 
and by royal inter-marriages. It was founded 
in England after the Conquest, by Harold de 
Yaux (a near relation of William the Con- 
queror) and his three sons. Barons Hubert, 
Ranulph and Robert, all surnamed de Valli- 
bus. The descent is through the younger son, 
Robert, whose grandson. William, had four 
sons. Robert de Dalston, Baron ; Adam and 
William de Welles, of Lincolnshire, 1194, and 
Oliver de Vallibus, prior of Pentnev Abbey. 
Adam de Welles died without issue and his 
brother, William, thus became founder of that 
long line of noblemen of Lincolnshire. The 
family of Vaux derived its surname from a 
district in Xormandy, where it was originally 
seated. In 794 of the Christian era a branch 
is found in Provence. 

The English branch of the Wells family 
from which Mrs. Elizabeth X. Lee is descend- 
ed, contains among its progenitors Bishop 
Hugo de Welles. He became one of the most 
important men in England, being advanced to 
the See of Lincoln as archdeacon and Lord 
Chancellor of England, was chief of the ba- 
rons, instrumental in obtaining from King 
John, in 1215, the great Magna Charta, pre- 
pared by his own hand in 1207, and being 
Lord Chancellor, was the most confidential 
advisor to the king. His very numerous and 
important official acts and history are given 
in Rymers' "Foedera," "Parliamentary Rolls," 
Hume's and other English histories. The 
progenitor of the Wells family in America, 
from whom .Mrs. Lee is a direct de- 
scendant, was Hugh Welles (as the name 
was then spelled), born in Essex coun- 
ty, England, in 1590. He emigrated from 
Essex county to America in 1035, with 
his brothers Richard, Joseph. George ami 
William, coming in the ship Globe, which 
-ailed from Gravesend August 6. 1635. and 



landed at Boston the same season. Thence 
he removed in 1636 to Hartford, Conn., where 
he was one of its first settlers. Soon after the 
autumn of 1636 he removed to Wethersfield, 
Conn., being one of its first settlers and the 
first of the name of Welles there. He lived 
there the residue of his life, dying in 1645. 
He was appointed and served as an ensign 
in the Colonial service, and was a kinsman 
and contemporary of Thomas Welles, the first 
governor of Connecticut. Three descendants 
of Hugh Welles served in King Philip's War, 
one of these, Capt. Thomas Welles, serving in 
the Falls fight. The line of descent is traced 
from Hugh Welles to Thomas, Noah, Jona- 
than, Jonathan 2nd, Colonel Daniel, Ira, and 
Isaac Titchenor, who was born in Vermont. 
Jonathan Wells 2nd served in the Revolu- 
tionary war as lieutenant-colonel of the Nine- 
teenth Connecticut Regiment, while various 
other members of the family were associated 
with the affairs of the colonies, serving in 
colonial wars as commissioned officers. 

Mrs. Lee survives her husband and still re- 
sides on the old homestead at East Groveland, 
where her family was reared. They were the 
parents of four children, namely : Bradner 
Wells, born May 4, 1850; Franklin Scott, born 
February 2, 1852; James Avery, born July 31, 
i860; and Charles Bedell, born November 7, 
1854, the latter dying January 14, 1862. 

Bradner Wells Lee is now one of the most 
prominent lawyers of Los Angeles, where he 
has been located since 1879. In his birthplace, 
East Groveland, Livingston county, N. Y., he 
received his early education, and later took up 
a private course of study. In 1871 he went 
to Holly Springs, Miss., where under the in- 
struction of his uncle. Col. G. Wiley Wells, he 
prepared for the legal profession. His uncle 
at this time was United States district attor- 
ney of the Northern District of Mississippi, 
and was subsequently a member of congress 
from that state, and later United States con- 
sul-general to Shanghai, China. Mr. Lee was 
admitted to the bar in Mississippi in 1872, 
after which he held the position of assistant 
United States attorney until 1879, resigning 
therefrom in the last named year in order to 
come to Los Angeles. He here associated 

himself with Judge Brunson and Col. G. Wiley 
Wells in the law firm known as Brunson, 
Wells & Lee, having been admitted April 30, 
1879, in the Supreme Court, to practice in all 
the courts of the state of California. The old 
business then organized is still in existence, 
the firm name having been successively 
changed to Wells, Van Dyke & Lee; Wells. 
Guthrie & Lee; Wells, Monroe & Lee; Wells 
& Lee; Wells, Works & Lee; Works & Lee; 
and Works, Lee & Works, who now have 
their offices in suite 820 in the H. W. Hellman 
building. The old firm had their offices in the 
Baker block for eighteen years, then in the 
Henne building for eight years, and then re- 
moved to their present location in one of the 
finest office buildings in the city of Los An- 
geles. Here they have one of the largest pri- 
vate law libraries in the state, collected by 
Col. G. Wiley Wells. 

During almost the entire period of his resi- 
dence in Los Angeles Mr. Lee has participated 
in its prominent legal contests and has been 
connected with some of the most noted liti- 
gations in the history of the state. A stanch 
Republican, he has served continuously since 
1896 as chairman of the Republican county 
central committee, and still holds that posi- 
tion ; and from 1902 to 1904, inclusive, served 
as a member of the executive committee of 
the Republican state central committee. In 
1898 he was elected trustee of the state li- 
brary at a joint session of the senate and as- 
sembly and was re-appointed by Governor 
Gage in 1902, and again by Governor Pardee 
in 1906. He is a charter member of a number 
of societies, among them the California So- 
ciety of Colonial Wars, serving as its first 
historian and present chancellor ; the Califor- 
nia Commandery of Foreign Wars, of which 
he is vice-commander, the late General Shafter 
being commander; and has been a member of 
the Los Angeles Bar Association since its or- 
ganization ; and in the Chamber of Commerce 
has served on the law committee and is now 
a member of the Harbor committee. Since 
1894 he has served as a director and treas- 
urer of the California Society Sons of the 
Revolution. Fraternally he is a member of 
Southern California Lodge, No. 278, F. & A. 



M.; Signet Chapter. Xo. ?j, R. A. M.; Los 
Angeles Commandery, No. 9, K. T., and Al 
Malaikah Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S. His 
public honors have been equal to the success 
he has achieved in his chosen profession, but 
he has not cared for official recognition. He 
has served frequently as a delegate in the 
various state, county and city conventions of 
his party, and was chairman of the Repub- 
lican county convention of 1906. Governor 
Pardee tendered him the appointment of su- 
perior judge when the legislature increased 
the number for Los Angeles, in 1905, but he 
declined. He has also been urged by his 
friends to be a candidate for the office of su- 
perior judge, but has steadfastly refused, how- 
ever, never shirking the duty or using his in- 
fluence and working faithfully for the success 
of the Republican party. Socially he enjoys 
the esteem of his fellow citizens, and as a 
charter member of the Jonathan Club since its 
organization has been active for two terms as 
a director, and is a member of the Union 
League Club. He gives his support to the 
charities of the Emanuel Presbyterian Church, 
of which he is a member. 

The marriage of Air. Lee occurred in Phila- 
delphia. Pa., October 16, 1883. and united him 
with Miss Helena Farrar, who was born in 
that city and reared in Washington, D. C, 
receiving her education in Notre Dame, Mary- 
land, and at Mount De Sales Academy, in Bal- 
timore. Born of this union were three sons, 
Bradner Wells. Jr., who was born January 
20. 1886; Kenvon Farrar, born February 2S, 
1888; and Guilford Richard, born October 20, 
1890, and died August 5. 1891. Both sur- 
viving sons are being educated in the 
Harvard Military School at Los Angeles, 
and preparing to enter Leland Stanford, Jr.. 
University. The ancestry of the Farrar fam- 
ily is traced back to Gualkeline or YValkeline 
de Ferrariis, a Norman of distinction attached 
to William, Duke of Xnrmandy, before the 
Invasion of 1066. From him the English and 
American branches of the family are de- 
scended. Henry de Ferrars, his son, is on the 
roll of Battle Abbey (a list of the principal 
commanders and companions in arms of Will- 
iam the Conqueror), and was the first to settle 

in England, which he did immediately after 
the Conquest, and became a citizen of much 
eminency for both knowledge and integrity. 
Among the noted Farrars in New England 
were Stephen Farrar, who was delegate to 
the proposed Congress at Exeter; Timothy 
Farrar, justice of the peace of Hillsboro, and 
later a member of the convention to frame a 
constitution for New Hampshire, was also a 
member of the committee to petition the pres- 
ident for the repeal of the Embargo Act, and 
with Stephen Farrar and others was a founder 
of the New Ipswich Academy. Deacon Sam- 
uel Farrar was chairman of the first commit- 
tee of correspondence in November, 1773, and 
was afterward a member of the great Middle- 
sex Convention of August 30, 1774, which led 
off in the Revolution, and a member of the 
first Provincial Congress which met October 
11, 1774, and at sixty-six years took part in 
the battle of Concord ; Major John Farrar, 
whose three sons were Minute Men in the 
Revolutionary war ; Jonathan Farrar, who was 
lieutenant and commander of the Guard at the 
North Bridge, Concord, at the time of the 
British attack on Concord, April 19. 1775; 
and Hon. Timothy Farrar. of New Ipswich, 
N. H.. who served as a judge of the courts 
in New Hampshire from 1775 to 1816, in- 
clusive, in the course of which time he 
occupied every seat from that of junior jus- 
tice of the county court in 1775, to that of 
chief justice of the Supreme Court, to which 
he was appointed February 22, 1802. Over 
twenty by the name of Farrar were graduates 
of Harvard University. A complete genealog- 
ical record of the family is contained in Vol. 
VI of the New England Historical and 
Genealogical Register of October, 1852. Mrs. 
Lee's direct ancestor was Jacob Farrar. who 
was born in England, there reared and married, 
and with his wife and four children emigrated to 
America about 1040. He located in Lancaster, 
Mass., and became a prominent citizen, and 
after the burning of the town by the Indians, 
during King Philip's war, he removed to Wo- 
luirn, Mass., where his death occurred in Au- 
gust, 1677. The town of Lancaster was in- 
corporated May 18. 1653, and among the 
original proprietors were John and Jacob 



Farrar. A son of Jacob Farrar, also called 
Jacob, was born in England about 1642, came 
to Lancaster with his parents, here attained 
manhood and married Hannah, daughter of 
George Hayward. He was killed by the In- 
dians during King Philip's war, August 22, 
1675, and soon after his death the widow re- 
moved with her children to Concord, N. H. 
Their son, George Farrar, was born in Lan- 
caster, Mass., August 16, 1670, and was taken 
by his mother to Concord when about five 
years old. He was reared in the town now 
known as Lincoln and tradition relates that 
when he was twenty-one he had twenty-five 
cents in money, which he gave away in order 
to start with absolutely nothing. He became 
very successful in business, and before his 
death in Lincoln, May 15, 1760, owned large 
tracts of valuable land. His wife was, in 
maidenhood, Miss Mary Howe. They had a 
son, also called George, who was born in Lin- 
coln, N. H, February 16, 1704, married 
Mary Barrett, of Concord, and engaged as a 
farmer until his death in 1777. His son, 
Humphrey Farrar, was born February 23, 
1741, and in manhood married Lucy Far- 
rar, later removed to Hanover, and finally to 
Colebook, N. H., where he died. His son, 
William Farrar, was born in Hanover, N. H, 
September 13, 1780, graduated from Dart- 
mouth College in 1801, and settled in Lancas- 
ter, N. H, where he died in March, 1850. His 
son, Col. William Humphrey Farrar, was born 
in Lancaster, N. H„ in 1828, educated in Dart- 
mouth College, after which he took up the 
study of law in the office of the distinguished 
statesman, Hon. Daniel Webster, then with 
Hon. Caleb Cushing, who became attorney 
general of the United States. Under President 
Pierce's administration he was appointed 
United States district attorney for Oregon, be- 
coming then a practitioner in Portland, and 
standing high in his profession. He served as 
mayor of Portland and was also in the Oregon 
state legislature. He was also a member of the 
first Constitutional Convention of Oregon. 
Later he returned east and resided, practicing 
law in Washington, D. C, where he married 
Miss Cora Stansbury, of Baltimore, and Mrs. 
Lee is the only child of this marriage. While 

in Oregon, Mr. Farrar served as a colonel in 
the Indian war, and justly earned, by his irre- 
proachable citizenship, the high esteem in 
which he was held. His death occurred in 
Washington, D. C, in 1873. 

DON JUAN BANDINI, who was one of 
the most able men of early California, was the 
son of Capt. Jose Bandini and his wife, Ysi- 
dora Blanca y Rivera. Don Jose Bandini, 
founder of the family in America, was a native 
of Andalucia, Spain. At an early r age he en- 
tered the navy, and as lieutenant on the Span- 
ish vessel Nymphia he was present at the 
battle of Trafalgar. He afterward became 
captain and acting commander, with title of 
almirante, over a squadron in South American 
waters. In his flag ship La Reina he twice 
visited California. The ship's lantern, some 
silver curtain-rings, and a rare old painting 
called the "Madonna of the Moors," taken 
from the cabin of La Reina, are still in pos- 
session of the family. Capt. Jose Bandini 
made several voyages from Spain to the new 
world. For a time his home was at Lima, 
Peru. He was married in 1796 to Ysidora 
Blanca y Rivera, a Spanish lady of good fam- 
ily. He had seven children, only one of whom 
ever came to North America. Having left the 
navy on account of ill health, being a sufferer 
from gout, Captain Bandini, now a widower, 
accompanied by his youngest son, Juan, came, 
in 1822, to San Diego, Cal., where he took up 
his residence. Later he moved to his son's 
home on the Jurupa rancho, where he died in 
April, 1841. He was buried under the flag 
stones in the church of the San Gabriel Mis- 
sion. Among the Spanish manuscripts, now 
the property of the University of California, 
are several from the pen of Captain Bandini, 
which, when they are made public, will no 
doubt throw further light upon the history 
of this brave officer. 

There is some doubt as to the birthplace of 
Don Juan Bandini. The testimony of his 
elder children is to the effect that he was a 
native of Castile, Spain. Don Jose, father of 
Don Juan, although a commander in the Span- 
ish navy, had a home and owned much prop- 



erty in Lima, Peru, and it is, perhaps, for this 
reason that some of the records have it that 
his son was born in Peru. With his father, 
Don Juan came to California just about the 
time he attained his majority. His first ap- 
pearance in public life was as a member of the 
assembly or deputation which met at Monte- 
rev in 1827-28. From 1828 to 1832 he was 
commissioner of revenue for San Diego. In 
1832 he was a leader in an uprising, some- 
times called the Bandini Rebellion, against 
the tyranny and incapacity of Governor Vic- 
toria, whom Mr. Bandini and his associates 
succeeded in displacing. In 1833 Mr. Bandini 
was sent to the City of Mexico as a member 
of Congress. Among other acts, he offered 
a resolution urging the founding of an acad- 
emy in California, showing the great need 
there was for such an institution. In 1834 he 
was appointed inspector of customs for the 
southern province of California, and in 1838 
administrator of the San Gabriel Mission. 
From 1842 to 1844 he held various public offi- 

Like many of the leading Californians, Don 
Juan Bandini had been for a long time thor- 
oughly dissatisfied with the misrule of the offi- 
cials appointed by the Mexican government 
for the territory. For this reason, upon the 
coming of the Americans, he decided to assist 
them, believing that the government of the 
United States would be much superior to that 
of Mexico. He gave liberally of horses, cattle 
and supplies to Commodore Stockton and. his 
troops. He also gave possession of a wing of 
his house in San Diego, which was a very 
large one, to the American commodore for 
himself and staff. For these acts Mr. Bandini 
lost his vast Mexican possessions, the Guada- 
lupe, Tecati. and other ranchos, which are to- 
day veritably "no man's land," since, without 
the signature of the Bandini heirs, no man can 
hold title, and that family are still debarred 
from their rights. In 1847 Mr. Bandini was 
oni of the seven leading men of the state, 
Spanish and American, appointed by John C. 
Fremont under orders of Commodore Stock- 
ton to meet as an assembly to arrange laws 
for the new territory. On account of the de- 
parture 1 I Stockton and the disagreement be- 

tween General Kearney and Fremont which 
resulted in the removal of the latter from his 
position as governor, this assembly was never 

Mr. Bandini was a lawyer of ability and a 
ready writer. His articles upon the land ques- 
tions published shortly after the war were con- 
sidered a most able exposition of the subject. In 
the so-called "Bancroft Library" now. happily, 
in the hands of the State University, and soon 
to be opened to the public, there are some 
twenty-eight of his manuscripts, one of them 
a history of California from its discovery to 
the time of the Mexican war. Beside his Mex- 
ican possessions Don Juan had large holdings 
in Southern California. Among these was the 
Jurupa rancho, the present site of Riverside, 
and a large portion of the land where San 
Diego now stands. At the latter place was 
the Bandini homestead. The house was very 
large, being two-story and surrounding a large 
court. Here for many years was dispensed 
that hospitality for which the Californians 
were noted. Bancroft says of Mr. Bandini 
that he must be regarded as one of the most 
prominent men of his time and place. Gen- 
eral Fremont, between whom and himself 
there existed a warm friendship, spoke of him 
in the highest terms, and says that he was a 
native of Spain. 

Don Juan Bandini was twice married. In 
1823 he was married to Dolores, daughter of 
Capt. Jose Estudillo, a distinguished citizen 
of the province, who for many years held the 
position of commandante at Monterey, later 
occupying a like position in San Diego. The 
second wife of Don Juan was Refugio, daugh- 
ter of Capt. Santiago Arguello, and grand- 
daughter of the pioneer Capt. Jose Dario Ar- 
guello, one of the foremost men in the settle- 
ment of the territory. As the representative 
of Spain he it was who conferred upon the 
twenty-four families which founded Los An- 
geles title to their lands. He was for some 
time acting governor of California, leaving that 
position to become governor of the peninsula. 

Dona Refugio, by virtue of her noble pres- 
ence and character, her youth and beauty, as 
well as her position as wife of Don Juan Ban- 
dini, was, perhaps, the most prominent woman 



^Ah^u^cLxL^ (fi cU, foakx 




Stearns would have been considered so cred- 
itable as his earnest endeavor, during the 
rears preceding the Mexican war, to win the 
misgoverned, neglected province of Califor- 
nia to consent to a peaceful annexation to the 
United States. As the confidential agent of 
the government at Washington, Mr. Stearns 
worked in the south, as did Mr. Larkins in the 
north, toward this end. They had almost suc- 
ceeded, when the untimely ebullition of Com- 
modore Jones of the American navy in assum- 
ing that there was a state of war and taking 
possession of Monterey, made the Califor- 
nians suspicious of the brotherly intentions of 
the United States. The American commodore, 
when he discovered what a grave mistake he 
had made, did all that was in his power to 
undo the harm. Patiently Mr. Larkins and 
.Mr. Stearns went on with their plans for a 
peaceful solution of the difficulties that were 
troubling California. So wise were their plans, 
so strong their influence over the prominent 
men of the territory, that the}' began 'to have 
hopes of success, when the episode of the Bear 
Flag and the events which followed that 
movement precipitated war. 

Mr. Stearns was devoted to the interests of 
the Californians. He was a member of the 
famous convention which drafted the consti- 
tution of 1849, representing the district of Los 
Angeles; later he was assemblyman, super- 
visor and councilman. In 1868 he built the 
Arcadia block on the Los Angeles street front 
of his property. It was the largest business 
block in town, and around it centered the in- 
terests of the city for many years. In its sec- 
ond story was Stearns hall, where took place 
many social and political events of interest 
in the history of the pueblo. Mr. Stearns was 
one of the largest land owners in California, 
and at his death, which occurred in 1871, left 
a large estate to his widow. 

No account of the life of Don Abel Stearns 
or of the history of the city of Los Angeles 
would be complete without mention being 
made of his wife, who is now Arcadia Bandini 
de Baker. One spring morning many years 
ago the ceremony took place at the San Ga- 
briel ^lis-ion, which united this lovelv young 
girl of sixteen to a man older than her father. 

whose features were considered by the people 
of his time to be unusually homely. One 
might naturally exclaim, "What a sacrifice!" 
but, although Mrs. Stearns became the social 
leader of Los Angeles and vicinity, acknowl- 
edged by Americans and Californians to be 
one of the most beautiful women in a country 
renowned for its lovely women, yet the match 
was a happy one. Through his life Don Abel 
was proud of the attention paid his wife, 
whose beauty it was his delight to adorn, 
while Mrs. Stearns was fond and proud of her 
genial and clever husband. Mr. Stearns' herd- 
ers made up a little song over which their 
master often chuckled ; translated it was some- 
thing as follows : 

"Two little doves sang on a laurel. 
How lovely Dona Arcadia, how homely Don 

After the unfortunate flag raising of Com- 
modore Jones he hastened to San Pedro and 
there waited on his ships while he sent a mes- 
senger up to his countryman, Don Abel, urg- 
ing him to mediate between him and Governor 
Micheltorena, who was at that time living in 
Los Angeles. Mr. Stearns succeeded in ar- 
ranging a meeting at his house, and the fo'- 
lowing is the account given by Dona Arcadia 
of the historic event : 

"We gave a dinner to the governor, the 
commodore and their attendants; everything 
was very friendly; they seemed to enjoy them- 
selves and the uniforms of the two countries 
were most beautiful. On the next day but one 
the governor gave a ball, which was to be at 
his house, the only two-story house in Los 
Angeles. To show the Americans how patri- 
otic were the people of California, the gov- 
ernor requested, in the invitations, that all 
the ladies wear white with a scarf of the Mexi- 
can colors, red, green and white. Of course 
we gladly complied, though some of us had to 
work hard to get our costumes ready. 

"The day of the ball came, but with it came 
rain, such a storm as I had never seen. As 
it drew toward evening the water came down 
faster and faster. The governor had the only 
carriage in California, and this he was to send 
for the Commodore, Mr. Stearns, Ysidora, and 



myself, but the poor young officers had to 
walk, and their faces were long when they 
looked at the rain, then at their fine uniforms 
and shiny boots. 

"Our California horses were unused to pull- 
ing loads, and in the storm refused to work, so 
the cholo soldiers of the governor served as 
horses ; they took us as safely, and we had a 
delightful time. Everybody was happy ; the 
commodore and the governor sat together and 
exchanged courtesies and compliments." 

Some years after the death of Mr. Stearns 
his widow married R. S. Baker, a native of 
Rhode Island, who had large sheep interests 
in Southern California. Mr. and Mrs. Baker 
built the Baker block at the corner of Main 
and Arcadia streets, which is a model of sub- 
stantial construction. Mr. and Mrs. Baker 
and Senator Jones gave the land, three hun- 
dred and fifty acres, for the Soldiers' Home, 
near Santa Monica. Mr. Baker is deceased. 
Mrs. Baker lives in Santa Monica. She is one 
of the largest land owners in Southern Cali- 
fornia. She enjoys the best of health, and is 
a most delightful and correct relator of the 
events of early California which go to make 

CHARLES M. SKILLEX. Like many an- 
other of the brave defenders of the Union dur- 
ing her Civil strife Giarles M. Skillen (famil- 
iarly known as "Major") returned from the bat- 
tlefield with the full conviction that from hence- 
forward the plan of his life must lie along lines 
which he had little anticipated when he entered 
the service. In young manhood his tastes and 
ambition led him to take up the study of law, 
and to fit himself for the profession he had ma- 
triculated as a student in the University of Mich- 
igan in Ann Arbor in 1861. It was not long 
after this that the whole country was thrown 
into confusion by the breaking out of the war, 
and among those who enlisted in the country's 
service from Ohio was Mr. Skillen, who after 
one year's term in college had become the pride 
of his instructors, who found in him an ambitious 
and promising student. Entering as a private 
in Company F, One Hundred and Twenty-first 
Ohio Infantry, he was later promoted to ser- 

geant of his regiment, his superior officer being 
Colonel Reed, of Delaware, ( >hio. The rigors 
of warfare and camp life soon began to make 
inroads upon Mr. Skillen's health and while on 
a forced march from Louisville to Perryville he 
was stricken with progressive paralysis, a malady 
which had been threatening for some time. Go- 
in^ into camp at Louisville he there received 
ever) attention possible, but all seemed of no 
avail and in 1863 he was honorably discharged. 
Although his service had been short he had nev- 
ertheless proved himself worthy of promotion, 
and without his knowledge, while his regiment 
was on dress parade in Louisville, he was chosen 
and later commissioned a captain. Returning 
to his Ohio home, being unable to resume his 
law studies he instead became interested in a 
manufacturing business in Mount Vernon, that 
state. After following this with a fair degree of 
success for some time, in 1874 he came to the 
west in the hope that a change of climate and 
surroundings might hasten the recovery of his 
health. In this he was not disappointed, and the 
thirty years and more that -he has been a resident 
of Pasadena have been the happiest and most 
useful years of his life. 

The ancestry of the Skillen family is traced to 
the Highlands of Scotland. The grandfather, 
John Skillen, married a lady from the Lowland 
country, a Miss Douglass. The first immigrant 
of the family was George Skillen, the father of 
our subject, who came to the United States 
during young rhanhood and settled in Xew York 
City, where he was subsequently married.. By 
trade he was a painter and grainer in imitation 
of woods and marble, an expert workman in his 
line, and in the eastern metropolis where he made 
his home for a time he executed many large 
contracts. Subsequently he removed to Knox 
county. Ohio, where his wife, who was formerly 
Hannah Davies. a native of Wales, passed away. 
He survived a number of years, passing the 
evening of his days in the Land of Sunshine and 
Flowers, and died at the home of his son in 
Pasadena, when over ninety-three years of age. 

Of the four children born to his parents Giarles 
M. Skillen was the second in order of birth and 
is now the only survivor. His birth occurred 
while the family were residing in Xew York- 
City, December 28, 1838. As his parents re- 



moved to Ohio while he was still young his early 
life was associated almost wholly with that state, 
and especially with Knox county, where his pa- 
rents settled and where he attended school. From 
his father he learned the painter's trade, but 
as his tastes inclined him more toward a pro- 
fessional career he did not follow it. but instead 
began to read law under the direction of Sapp & 
Simon of Mount Vernon. Subsequently he ma- 
triculated as a student in the law department 
of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, 
as previously stated. The breaking out of the 
Civil war and his subsequent illness put a stop 
to further progress in the line of his profession, 
and indeed for several years after 1863 he was 
unable to carry on any business. Shortly before 
coming to Pasadena however he was engaged 
in the manufacturing business in Mount Vernon. 
Since locating in Pasadena Mr. .Skillen has 
become interested in the real-estate business, a 
number of large subdivisions bearing his name. 
In [880 he purchased fifteen acres, including the 
land between Los Robles and east Colorado 
streets, which he platted into Skillen's subdi- 
vision. This land, which had previously been 
used only as a sheep pasture, was laid out into 
fine ranches, which with the securing of water 
made the raising of oranges a very lucrative 
venture. The main thoroughfare through this 
subdivision was made to run parallel with Los 
Robles street and this he named Euclid avenue. 
a name of which all Ohioans are proud. Still 
later Mr. Skillen divided the property into lots, 
from the sale of which he realized handsomely. 
In partnership with Samuel Stratton he also pur- 
chased property on the corner of Colorado street 
and Marengo avenue, which was subdivided and 
known as Skillen and Stratton's subdivision. The 
these lots also netted the owners a good 
income on their investment. Resides his con- 
nection with real estate matters Mr. Skillen's 
name has become well known in affairs which 
affect even more directly the city's welfare, lie 
was one of tin- organizers of the electric light 
i\ and served as one of its directors until 
the plant was -old. lie was also instrumental 
in having easl Colorado street widened from a 
it streel to its present width of one hun- 
dred feet. At first the idea met with considerable 
opposition on the part of landowners, who were 

opposed to it on account of the heavy expenditure 
which it would involve. As proof of his sin- 
cerity in promoting the undertaking, for $5,000 
Mr. Skillen purchased fifty feet frontage on the 
street from the last and only owner who would 
not sign the petition, and on this one act of 
business depended the widening of the now one 
hundred foot thoroughfare of Pasadena. All 
are now grateful to Mr. Skillen for his per- 
sistency in carrying the measure through, for 
collectively and individually all have been bene- 
fited thereby. 

In 1865 Charles M. Skillen was united in 
marriage with Miss M. Jennie Stephens, a native 
of Pennsylvania, and later a resident of Mount 
Vernon, Ohio, where her father, William Ste- 
phens, was an old resident and much-esteemed 
citizen. Her brother, Capt. Harrison Stephens, 
was also well known in educational circles in that 
part of Ohio. One son has blessed the mar- 
riage of Mr. and Mrs. Skillen, Dr. Ralph G. 
Skillen. who graduated from the Pennsylvania 
College of Dental Surgery in April, 1897. Be- 
fore his graduation, in 1896, he was demonstrator 
in the Pennsylvania Dental College; in 1897-98 
was chief demonstrator of crown and bridge work 
and dental anatomy in the Medico-Chirurgical 
College of Philadelphia, Pa.: and from 1898 to 
1900 held the chair of crown and bridge work 
and oral surgery in the dental department of the 
University of California. He is not following 
the practice of his profession, however, but as 
a member of the firm of Skillen & Skillen is 
engaged in a confectionery business in Pasadena. 
Mr. Skillen's early religious training was re- 
ceived in the Episcopal Church, and since coming 
to this city he has been a contributor to various 
denominations here represented. Mrs. Skillen 
is a member and liberal supporter of the Meth- 
odist Gutrch. Though he has always been in- 
terested in Republican politics Mr. Skillen has 
never been induced to accept public office, not- 
withstanding many flattering offers. In Monte- 
zuma. Iowa, he was made a Mason in 1864, his 
membership subsequently being transferred to 
Mount /ion Lodge Xo. 9 of Mount Vernon, 
( )hio, and still later he was one of the organ- 
izers of Pasadena Lodge No. 272. He is now 
a member of Corona Lodge of Pasadena and is 




a thirty-second degree Scottish Rite Mason, and 
also belongs to Al Malaikah Temple, A. A. O. N. 
M. S., of Los Angeles. 

are names so closely associated with the per- 
manent development of Los Angeles that the 
mention of the city's growth brings to the old 
residents thoughts of the personality of these 
citizens and their important contribution to 
local progress. None has been more active 
than Mr. Snyder in promoting measures for 
the welfare of the city ; none has been more 
deeply interested in municipal affairs, and 
few have been more influential in fostering 
enterprises necessary to the city's material, 
commercial and educational growth. Hence 
al annals his name is worthy of perpetu- 
ation, and a complete history of the place could 
''ten without giving due mention to 
iship of this prominent man. 
r, er family is of southern origin, 
North C lina becoming the scene of their 
labors during the colonial period of our coun- 
try. At Lexington Court House, in that state, 
October 22, 1859, Meredith P. Snyder was 
born, the son of K. D. and Elizabeth (Heiher) 
der. Both parents passed away when their 
(1 in years, and the estate be- 
hless by the devastating ef- 
ir he was compelled to seek 
lood . -. n life. Of a studious na- 
ture through inheritance he devoted all the 
time he could possibly spare to securing an 
education, accumulating sufficient means to 
give him considerable collegiate training, al- 
though he did not g . luate. In 1880 he be- 
came a resident of Los ' ngeles, where he has 
since made his home and successfully estab- 
lished for himself a place among the repre- 
sentative men of this city. His first occupa- 
tion was as clerk in a furniture store, after 
which he engaged in like capacity for B. F. 
Coulter Dry Goods Company and had charge 
for four years of the drapery department. 
Following this clerkship he engaged in the 
real-estate business for eight years, when, for 
a similar period, he was at : .he head of the 
M. P. Snyder Shoe Company, a business which 

is still successfully carried on although un- 
der different management. 

A Democrat in his political convictions Mr. 
Snyder early became associated with this party 
in Los Angeles and was chosen to represent 
the people in various positions of trust and 
responsibility. For tweive years he was the 
leader of the Democratic party in the city and 
practically controlled their movements. Elect- 
ed in 1891 a member of the police commission 
he served acceptably until the expiration of 
his term, when he was re-elected. Two years 
later he was elected to represent the second 
ward in the city council, where he took an ac- 
tive part in all movements tending toward the 
upbuilding of the town. Careful and dis- 
criminating in his public office as he has al- 
ways been in business life, he considered the 
worth of all measures introduced before giv- 
ing them his support, and after having once 
made up his mind nothing could swerve him 
from his point. An evidence of his standing 
as a citizen and his prominence in the Demo- 
cratic party was his nomination in the fall of 
1896 for the office of mayor. His election by 
a large majority followed and in January, 
1897, he took his seat and began an adminis- 
tration which has meant no little in the wel- 
f re of the city. Although exercising a con- 

illing influence in local affairs this influ- 
ence was used only for the best purposes and 
for the distinct good of the municipality. Be- 
tween the expiration of this term and his re- 
election in 1899 he engaged in the real-es- 
tate business, his interests being confined to 
acreage subdivisions, in which he met with 
success. Again chosen to the office in 1899 
he began his administration in 1900, and was 
re-elected in 1902, closing his third term as 
mayor of the city of Los Angeles in 1905. His 
record is one which may well be emulated by 
aspirants to this office, because he had always 
in mind the welfare of the municipality, its 
growth and upbuilding, ami with this his aim 
made a success of his work. His reasons for 
political actions have always been based upon 
sound judgment and common sense, a careful 
study of the point in question from all view 
points, after which he has taken decisive ac- 
tion. He is universally esteemed by thought- 



ful men whether of his party or another, and 
justly named among the men who have done 
much for the upbuilding of the city. 

Like all men who work for the good of a 
municipality .Mr. Snyder's hobby was and is 
municipal ownership of the water supply. 
Before his entrance into official politics he 
served as secretary of a municipal water works 
club and very strongly advocated a supply of 
pure water, firmly believing that the city 
would need an unlimited supply. Not liking 
the methods employed by the old water com- 
pany he fought them for twelve years, en- 
deavoring to induce them to sell out to the 
city. He was elected to the office of mayor on 
the platform of municipal water works owner- 
ship. Tie finally induced the old company to 
set a figure of $2,000,000, at which time he 
opened a campaign, taking the platform and 
working to have the city bonded for that 
amount. When success attended his efforts 
and the bonds were floated in New York City 
by attorneys Dillon and Hubbard it was found 
they were faulty and could not be disposed of 
until they were out of the hands of the water 
company. After considerable discussion the 
water company agreed to deed the works to a 
trustee and the city selected the same man 
and even though Mr. Snyder had fought them 
for years, yet the water company chose him 
as the party and for fifteen days he was sole 
owner, without bond, of that all-important 
source of the city's development. By this 
means the bonds could be negotiated and from 
this the present system has developed. He 
appointed the first commission which was the 
one that brought about the present Owens 
river project. In 1904 Mr. Snyder organized 
the California Savings Bank and became its 
president. A company had secured the char- 
ter for a bank but were unable to effect its 
organization, finally giving the entire matter 
into the hands of Mr. Snyder. They began 
with a capital stock ol $300,000 and in the 
brief time that has elapsed have become one 
of the strong banking institutions of this city. 
Their growth has been phenomenal and they 
now find their building, located at the corner 
of Fifth and Broadway, inadequate for their 
needs. In the near future they contemplate 

the erection of a new building, Mr. Snyder 
is vice-president and director of the Gardena 
Bank & Trust Company and one of the original 
stockholders in the Central Bank. 

The home of Mr. Snyder is presided over 
by his wife, formerly Miss May Ross, with 
whom he was united in 1888. She is a daugh- 
ter of William W. Ross, who served in the 
body guard of President Lincoln during the 
Civil war and later became a prominent citi- 
zen of Topeka, Kans., where he served as 
mayor and in other prominent positions. Her 
uncle, Hon. Edmund G. Ross, was governor 
of New Mexico and also served as United 
States senator. Mr. and Mrs. Snyder have 
one son, Ross. In his fraternal relations Mr. 
Snyder is a Royal Arch Mason, a member of 
the Elks, Knights of Pythias, and various 
others, being very prominent in these circles. 
In his business transactions he has been open 
and always in favor of a square deal. While 
a prominent Democrat his election as mayor 
was upon a much broader basis ; it was "For 
the people and by the people." While in of- 
fice he gave his undivided attention to the peo- 
ple's interests with the same fidelity that he 
would give to his own. Such men as he build 
for all time and leave a monument to their 
memory in substantial form, as well as a heri- 
tage to their posterity and an example worthy 
of emulation. 

LAMON V. HARKNESS, a resident of 
Pasadena, is a native of Ohio, his birth occurring 
in June, 1S52. He is the representative of an 
old New York family prominent in the history 
of that state, where his father, Stewart Y., was 
horn, there reared to manhood, educated and 
launched in business life. The elder man was 
one of the original incorporators of the Stand- 
ard Oil Company and took a prominent part in 
the early history of the company, being one of 
the large stockholders. In Ohio, where he es- 
tablished his home 111 mature years, he became 
a citizen of worth. His son, Lamon Y. Hark- 
ness, attended the public schools in pursuit of 
an education up to his eighteenth year, at which 
time he put aside his studies to enter upon a 
business career, inheriting to a large degree the 



sound business judgment and acumen which had 
brought success to his father. He established 
himself in New York City and there maintained 
a profitable business for many years, at the same 
time dealing extensively in the stock of the 
Standard Oil Company. 

Like the greater part of the population of 
Southern California, Air. Harkness first visited 
this section during the winter months, and after 
spending one season here was loath to pass an- 
other amid the rigors of his eastern home. Sev- 
eral years were thus passed — spending his sum- 
mers in his eastern home and the winters in 
Southern California — and so charmed was he 
with the conditions that he finally concluded to 
purchase property in Pasadena, and he now 
spends much time at his magnificent residence at 
No. 1 20 1 South Orange Grove avenue. He also 
owns valuable properties, among them the old 
Reed place of thirteen acres, familiarly known 
as Carmelita Ranch. Here he is building a 
beautiful residence on a sightlv location known 
as Oak Knoll. He has retained his eastern in- 
terests, however, owning extensive farms in 
Kentucky, where he breeds the world-famous 
Kentucky horses. In spite of his many business 
interests Mr. Harkness is an ardent sportsman, 
enjoying the gun and rod and being a valued 
member of various similar organizations of 
Southern California. 

years a resident of Southern California, was 
born in Waukesha, Wis., July 18, 1845: his 
parents were John P. and Elizabeth (Quarles) 
Story. He was reared in his native place and 
educated in its public schools, graduating from 
the High school before his sixteenth birthday. 
His first independent employment was as a 
teacher in the common schools, engaging at 
this work for one term, when he entered East- 
man's Business College, of Poughkeepsie, N. 
Y.. and later was graduated therefrom. He 
then entered a commercial life as bookkeeper 
in a large importing and commission house in 
Boston, and the second year was given entire 
charge of his department at a fair salary. De- 
riding to enter more fully into a commercial 
life by dealing in' wools himself, he resigned 

his position, and for the following six months 
was engaged in the sorting department of a 
large woolen mill, working twelve hours each 
day, and learning the various qualities of all 
kinds of wool. He received no remuneration 
for this work or for the following six months, 
which were passed in grading wools by the 
fleece for mercantile purposes. 

Entering the work upon his own responsi- 
bility. Air. Story engaged first as a broker and 
dealer, and the following year purchased a 
mill for preparing wools for the market, the 
main object being to perfect his knowledge as 
to the shrinkage of wools. In the same year 
he began the importation of wools and con- 
tinued to increase his business. At the time 
of the great Boston fire of 1872 he was occu- 
pying the lofts of one of the most substantial 
granite buildings in the city, largely filled with 
imported wools. The granite was reduced to 
fine pebbles and sand; the wool utterly de- 
stroyed. The failure of the local insurance 
companies necessarily caused the failure of 
other enterprises, and among these Mr. 
Story's enterprise was named. However, he 
was undaunted by the catastrophe which left 
him $10,000 in debt, and through the help of 
his uncle, with whom he was living, and Sam- 
uel H. Rindge, father of the late Frederick H. 
Rindge, of Los Angeles, he was enabled to meet 
his liabilities as they fell due. Mr. Story him- 
self speaks of this time with more satisfaction 
than of any other period of his life, for in the 
upbuilding of his fortunes on the ashes of his 
first effort he developed traits of character that 
have brought him personal success and estab- 
lished his manhood. 

However, the steady night and day work 
gradually told upon Mr. Story's health and 
finally led to his permanent location in South- 
ern California. The winters of 1875. 1876. 
1877, 1878 and 1879 were spent in traveling 
throughout Southern California, and in the 
spring and summers of the years from 1876 to 
1879 he engaged in the wool business with B. 
P. Flint & Co., of San Francisco. He then 
returned to Massachusetts and passed a part 
of the year 1879 and all of 1880 in Salem and 
Boston. In 1881 he again located in San Fran- 
cisco and made that city his home until March 



two years later, when he removed perma- 
nently to Southern California, in Alhambra, 
establishing his home and setting out an 
orange orchard. 

The identification of Mr. Story with the ma- 
terial development of this section of Southern 
California dates from the time of his location 
in Alhambra. He at once gave his time and 
attention to all movements tending toward the 
promotion of the interests of the community, 
being largely instrumental in the building of 
the San Gabriel Valley Rapid Transit Railway 
to Monrovia and Pasadena and acting as its 
treasurer and for a part of the time its man- 
ager, up to the time it was sold to the Pacific 
Improvement Company of the Southern Pa- 
cific Railway. In 1891 he joined the Chamber 
of Commerce, and in 1896 was elected a di- 
rector, and in 1902 its president. He has 
served on its directory continuously since his 
election, in 1896, and during this period, be- 
sides the duties pertaining to the regular stand- 
ing committees, assisted in the following en- 
terprises more or less connected with the 
Chamber's work : Chairman of the Citrus 
Tariff Executive Committee, which secured a 
duty of a cent per pound on all citrus fruits, 
in 1897. and preserved the citrus industry to 
this state ; as chairman of the Executive Com- 
mittee of the Nicaraguan Canal Association, 
which stayed in the fight until Congress passed 
a bill to build the Panama Canal in 1899; in 
1898 was appointed chairman of the local Na- 
tional Educational Association convention, 
which, after months of arduous labor, brought 
to Los Angeles in July, 1899, over twenty- 
three thousand people, a very large proportion 
of whom were teachers, and very probably 
gave the state the best advertising it had re- 
ceived up to that time. The Chamber of Com- 
merce passed the following resolution, com- 
mending "the pre-eminent services of Director 
Francis Ouarles Story": 

"Whereas. It is known to the members of 
this hoard that Director Story accepted the 
appointment somewhat reluctantly, but having 
accepted, he addressed himself to the vexing 
problems presented with such industry, skill 
and fidelity as t < > meet and receive the volun- 
tary acknowledgment from the officers and 

members of the National Educational Associa- 
tion that all promises made by this Board of 
the Executive Committee, when that commit- 
tee visited this city last October, have been 
more than fulfilled, and that they had never 
before found such thorough preparations made 
by a local committee in their behalf. 

"Therefore, Be it resolved : That we hereby 
tender to Director Story the sincere thanks 
of this Chamber of Commerce for his success 
in guiding, as its chairman, the deliberations 
and actions of the Executive Committee, and 
hereby express the appreciation of this board 
of the compliment conferred upon it by his 
extraordinary services as its representative on 
this important occasion." 

Again, in February, 1907, Mr. Story was 
made chairman of the local Executive Commit- 
tee of the National Educational Association, 
and during that summer about thirty-five thou- 
sand educators visited Southern California. At 
the time of the great San Francisco disaster of 
1906 he was elected chairman of the Chamber 
of Commerce Citizens' Relief Committee, in 
behalf of the sufferers, and by a great effort 
of personal time and attention they succeeded 
in raising $250,000 for the purpose. In 1901 
Mr. Story was made chairman of the Chamber 
of Commerce Building Committee, which suc- 
ceeded -in raising subscriptions to the bonds 
necessary to build the new Chamber of Com- 
merce building, which cost, with the lot, 
nearly $350,000. In January, 1903, he was ap- 
pointed chairman of the Chamber's General 
Methodist Conference Committee, which 
raised the funds necessary to bring the Inter- 
national Methodist Conference to this city. 
( )n the 12th of March, 1906, he was made 
chairman of the Executive Committee of the 
Citrus Protective League of California, which 
organization he assisted in effecting, and 
which, on the 20th of February, 1907, succeed- 
ed in reducing the rate on citrus fruits to the 
east ten cents per hundred and making a sav- 
ing to the growers of over $700,000 per year. 
In addition to his engrossing interests through 
his connection with the Chamber of Commerce 
he has been one of the most active citizens in 
the advancement of the orange industry, in 
1896 being made president of the Alhambra 





Orange Growers' Association, and the follow- 
ing year was elected president of the Semi- 
Tropic Fruit Exchange, and has held both 
offices continuously since. He had also served 
as vice-president of the Southern California 
Fruit Exchange since 1898, and was a similar 
officer in the California Fruit Agency during 
its existence, and upon its dissolution was 
elected president of the California Fruit 
Growers' Exchange. The entire handling 
of exchange affairs is marked by the 
finest executive ability, the keenest finan- 
cial thought and a high character of pro- 
cedure that gives it respect in America and 
Europe. Everyone in the directorate feels 
that this is a life work, and attends to his du- 
ties accordingly. At the head is F. Q, Story, 
the president, who is one of those responsible 
lor the organization of the exchange, and who 
made its probabilities and possibilities so pre- 
eminent that all interested saw the advantage. 
His personal probity, earnestness and ability 
place him in the front rank of the captains of 
industry, only in his case the profits are not 
all for himself but are shared equally by all 
exchange growers — according to the amount of 
fruit furnished by each. The gross sales of 
the California Fruit Growers' Exchange for 
the season of 1006-7 amounted to between 
$18,000,000 and $19,000,000. In October, 1907, 
Mr. Story was elected president of the Grow- 
ers' Supply Company, a company of $500,000 
capacity. For many years Mr. Story has 
served as a director in the First National 
Bank, has served as its vice-president, and is 
now a member of its financial and executive 

In 1876 Mr. Story was united in marriage 
with Miss Charlotte Forrester Devereux. a 
daughter of Gen. George H. Devereux, of 
Salem, Mass. She was a woman of rare worth 
of character, educated and cultured, and was 
prominent in the social life of Alhambra. She 
passed away on the 10th of August, 1897. Mr. 
Story is a man of many parts, socially enjoy- 
ing an association with his fellow-men and as 
a member of the California Club a power in 
the organization. He has built upon an in- 
heritance of sterling qualities a character of 
undoubted worth, trained in childhood to a 

reliance upon himself and a demonstration of 
his abilities. He has never placed undue stress 
upon family heritage, but nevertheless he is 
proud of the name which he bears, being a 
grand-nephew of the noted jurist, Joseph 
Story, while in his own immediate family his 
eldest brother is Major General John P. Story, 
of the United States army, who was chief of 
artillery for a number of years, and his second 
brother is William Story, of Colorado, who 
was the youngest United States circuit judge 
ever appointed. In personal character Mr. 
Story is a genial, broad nature, with a kindly 
hospitality which has won him a wide circle 
of friends ; an entertaining companion because 
of his wide fund of information ; a loyal citizen 
whose liberality in the matter of contributions 
to the general upbuilding of his adopted state 
and community are unsurpassed ; and all in all 
is held in high appreciation by those who have 
known him during his long residence in the 
Pacific state. 

H. BERT ELLIS. A. B., M. D. Univer- 
sally recognized as one of the leading physi- 
cians of the state. Dr. H. Bert Ellis occupies 
a merited position of prominence among his 
contemporaries and enjoys the highest con- 
fidence of those who have sought his advice 
professionally. In Los Angeles, where he has 
made his home many years, he is regarded as 
a citizen of more than ordinary importance, 
for he has so thoroughly interested himself 
in questions concerning the physical welfare 
of the community that he has brought about 
results of incalculable benefit. He is unques- 
tionably a man of much native ability and 
with this has brought to bear in the prose- 
cution of his profession an application and 
earnestness and an intense love of the work 
which have given to him a merited success. 

A descendant of stanch English ancestry, 
Dr. Ellis was born in Lincoln. Me., May 17, 
1863, a son of James Henry Ellis, who traced 
his antecedents to one of the lord mayors of 
London. His mother, Annie M. (Bullard) 
Ellis, descended in a direct line from William 
Bradford, second governor of Massachusetts 
and the head of the little colony of Puritans 

i;.-)( ; 


at Plymouth. J. H. Ellis, who was born in 
Middleboro, Mass., April 23, 1836, became one 
of the leading dental surgeons of the maritime 
provinces and from 1867 to 1883 was located 
in Fredericton, New Brunswick. His wife was 
also a native of the Bay state, and was born 
August 21, 1838. H. Bert Ellis received his 
primary instruction in the public school near 
his home, and later attended and graduated 
from the high school, where he prepared for 
more advanced work. Entering Acadia Uni- 
versity, YVolfville, Nova Scotia, in 1881, he 
was graduated from this institution three years 
later, after which he came to California and for 
one year was engaged in agricultural pursuits 
and business enterprises in Los Angeles and 
Pasadena. Following this he became a student 
in the medical department of the University of 
Southern California, from which institution he 
was graduated in April, 1888. Having served 
for a portion of this time as interne at the Los 
Angeles County Hospital, he was equipped 
with both a thorough knowledge of his profes- 
sion and some practical experience, and in ad- 
dition to this he went at once to Europe, 
where he pursued a post-graduate course at 
the universities of Gottingen, Germany, and 
Vienna, Austria. Returning to his home in 
Los Angeles he began a practice of his profes- 
sion, which has continued up to the present 
time. He has met with unusual success and 
has built up a large and constantly increasing 
practice. Since 1893 he has devoted himself 
exclusively to the treatment of diseases of the 
eye, ear, nose and threat, and has won wide 
distinction in this important and difficult field 
of labor. 

Many positions of trust and responsibility 
have been filled by Dr. Ellis, among them that 
of lecturer on physiology in the College of 
Medicine of the University of Southern Cali- 
fornia, to which he received appointment in 
October, 1889. shortly after establishing his 
practice. In October of the following year he 
was elected professor of the same department 
and continued to act in that capacity until 
January, 1896, when he was elected to the 
chair of ophthaimotology, and in November, 
[898, was further honored by being made 
treasurer of the college of medicine. He is 

prominently identified with medical organiza- 
tions, having served officially in many of them. 
As president of the Southern California Med- 
ical Society in 1899 an< 3 1900 he took an active 
part in its affairs. He was senior vice-presi- 
dent of the American Medical College Asso- 
ciation, and has served constantly as secretary 
or assistant secretary of the Los Angeles 
County, Southern California, State and Amer- 
ican Associations, the American Medical Ed- 
itors Association and of the Doctors Social 
Club of Los Angeles. Socially he is prominent 
as a member of the California, Jonathan, Uni- 
versity and Union League Clubs, and of the 
Science Association of Southern California. 

In his political affiliations Dr. Ellis adheres 
to the principles advocated in the platform of 
the Republican party and gives his support to 
its men and measures. During the years 1903 
and 1904 he was a member and president of the 
Board of Education of the city of Los An- 
geles. Fraternally he is prominent among the 
Masons and Elks. In personal character the 
doctor is such a man as one of his profession 
should be, possessing the rare qualities of good 
cheer and sympathy, a patience born of long 
experience in an alleviation of the ills of man- 
kind, and confidence which instinctively wins 
the trust of those about him. He has many 
friends professionally and socially, and is just- 
ly considered one of the able men of the city. 

in Holland July 21, 1834, and in his native city 
of Utrecht he attended a select school and ac- 
quired a thorough commercial education, apply- 
ing himself with the persistence which has been 
a noteworthy feature in his career. He was but 
sixteen years old when he followed the westward 
trend of civilization, taking passage on a vessel 
bound for New York City, and bringing with 
him the strongest auguries for future success, not 
by an inheritance of wealth or business oppor- 
tunities aspiring to a position in the western 
world, but depending instead upon the qualities 
with which nature had so liberally endowed him. 
He remained a resident of New York City until 
[856, when he came as far west as Chicago and 
in the ensuing five years began the upbuilding of 





his financial and political fortunes. At the first 
call for troops upon the breaking out of the Civil 
war he with countless other stanch patriots en- 
listed in the Twenty-fourth Illinois Infantry, 
which regiment formed a part of the Army of 
the Cumberland, and participated in its battles 
and minor engagements. His faithful service was 
attested by the fact that he received constant pro- 
motion until at the end of his enlistment he was 
brevetted major for gallantry and meritorious 
services. In the fall of 1864 he was honorably 
discharged after a service of three years and 
three months. 

Returning to Chicago Major Klokke engaged 
in the fur business in which he had been formerly 
interested. His absence from the city during his 
days of warfare had not diminished the respect 
with which associates were beginning to view 
him, but had rather served to strengthen it, and 
his rise in public importance rapidly followed 
his return to civic life. As a Republican in his 
political affiliations he was prominent in the coun- 
cils of his party, and through its influence was 
called upon to fill various positions of trust and 
responsibility. In 1872 he was elected a member 
of the board of police commissioners, and the 
many reforms which were instituted during his 
tenure of office were largely due to his efforts. 
In 1877 he was nominated and elected county 
clerk of Cook county, and for the ensuing five 
years discharged the duties incumbent upon him 
in a manner reflecting credit upon himself and 
with great economy to the county. 

Upon the expiration of his term as county 
clerk Major Klokke went abroad and spent some 
time in traveling through Europe, during which 
trip he passed considerable time in his old home. 
Later, after returning to Chicago, he decided to 
locate in California and accordingly in 1888 came 
to Los Angeles, which city has ever since re- 
mained his home. He has invested largely in real 
estate holdings here and much of his time is 
occupied in looking after these interests. He 
owns a fine orange ranch, which is conducted 
under his personal direction and supervision. His 
home is located at No. 2105 South Figueroa 
street, and is one of the beautiful residences of 
the city, modern in all its appointments and rep- 
resenting the spirit of hospitality possessed by 
its owner. Outside of his personal interests 

Major Klokke has not engaged actively in busi- 
ness affairs in Los Angeles. The municipal life 
of the city, however, has felt the force of his 
influence, for his loyalty as a citizen prompts 
him to give his best efforts toward an upright. 
clean city government, and throughout his entire 
residence in Southern California his name has 
ranked foremost among those men regarded as 
the support of our civic welfare. As a director 
of the Chamber of Commerce for twelve consecu- 
tive years he was a power in its upbuilding and 
advancement. At the present writing ( 1906) he 
occupies the presidency of the Municipal Art 
Commission of Los Angeles. 

Although busy with business and political af- 
fairs Major Klokke has also found time for the 
social side of life. He is a member of the Grand 
Army of the Republic and of the military order 
of the Loyal Legion Association of Southern 
California, of which for two terms he was the 
president. Fraternally he is a Master Mason. 
Major Klokke is a man of parts, all of the vari- 
ous avenues of life in which he has sought dis- 
tinct inn yielding returns in response to his mas- 
terful touch. At the same time he has retained 
a genial, courteous disposition, a broad hospi- 
tality and kindliness, giving the best of his life 
in his daily associations — in friendship, business 
and political affairs. 

family descends from Scotch and English an- 
cestry and has been identified with the new 
world ever since the period of our colonial 
history. One of their representatives in the 
Revolutionary war was Miles Forman, whose 
son, Sands, engaged in agricultural pursuits 
in Tioga county, N. Y., for many years and 
until his death. The wife of Sands Forman 
was Mary Mathews, a native of Tioga coun- 
ty and the daughter of Isaiah S. Mathews, a 
Revolutionary soldier. Among their children 
was a son, Edward, who was a member of 
an Illinois regiment during the Civil war. An- 
other son, Charles, whose name introduces 
this narrative, and who is the only member 
of the family on the coast, was born and 
reared near Owego, Tioga county, N. Y., and 
in 1853 came via Panama to California, arriv- 



ing at the Golden Gate with many other east- 
erners on board the famous old ship, John L. 
Stevens. At that time his uncle, Col. Ferris 
Forman, was postmaster at Sacramento and 
he was given employment in the postoffice, 
later, at the close of the term, going- to Wash- 
ington, D. C, in order to close the accounts 
with the government. Not only was Colonel 
Forman a veteran of the Mexican war and a 
colonel in the Civil war, but he also was hon- 
ored with office as secretary of state, and his 
nephew on returning from the east became 
deputy for one term in the secretary's office. 
From there he went to Nevada and became 
connected with the Eclipse Mill and Mining 
Company, the Piute Mill and Mining Com- 
pany, and other similar enterprises near Vir- 
ginia City and at Gold Hill. While there he 
served as major-general of the Nevada Vol- 
unteers under Governor John H. Kinkead. 

As early as 1865 General Forman had made 
investments in Los Angeles property and in 
1882 he removed his family to this city, al- 
though he did not take up his permanent resi- 
dence here until five years later. At that time 
he became interested in the City and Cen- 
tral Railway Company, of which he was gen- 
eral manager as well as vice-president. Af- 
ter eighteen months the title was changed to 
the Los Angeles Cable Railway Company and 
in 1X90 he disposed of his interest in the plant. 
On account of somewhat impaired health he 
relinquished active business affairs for a time, 
but was still able to superintend his invest- 
ments and mining interests. On the recovery 
of his health he again took up commercial and 
ether activities. At this writing he is presi- 
dent of the Kern River Company, which be- 
gan construction work in 1902 and has built 
canals, tunnels and flumes extending over 
twelve and one-half miles. The water is taken 
from the river at Kernville and at the end of 
the flume at Borel there are five water-wheels 
yielding eighteen thousand seven hundred and 
fifty horse-power, conveyed to Los Angeles 
with hut a small loss in transmission. In ad- 
dition 1.1 tlic presidency of this company he 
aided in organizing and acts as secretary of 
the Pacific Light and Power Company, which 
is the parent company of eight similar organi- 

zations, including the Kern River Company, 
Mentone Power Company, San Gabriel Elec- 
tric Company, Sierra Power Company and 
San Bernardino Gas and Electric Company. 

In Los Angeles occurred the marriage of 
General Forman to Mi^s Mary Gray, member 
of an old family of Southern California, and 
by this union there are two children, Charles 
and Eloise. In politics General Forman was 
a Democrat until the silver craze, and since 
then supports Republican measures and can- 
didates, while socially he holds membership 
with the Jonathan Club. Besides his city 
real estate he is the owner of a ranch of three 
hundred and twenty acres on the Los Ange- 
les river four miles from the city, where he has 
one hundred and fifty acres under cultivation 
to walnuts. 

A prominent attorney and police judge of Los 
Angeles, William Frederickson is associated 
with the public interests of the city in such a 
way as to bring out the highest qualities of his 
character and advance the welfare of those about 
him. He was horn in Hackensack, X. J., a son 
of Erasmus and Johanna H. (Thorn) Frederick- 
son, both natives of Denmark. The father was 
a sailor and in 1849 came around Cape Horn to 
San Francisco and like hundreds of others 
rushed to the gold fields, where he was very 
successful. He returned to Denmark the follow- 
ing year and was there married. Immediately 
afterward he returned to the United States with 
his bride and, locating in Hackensack, N. J., en- 
gaged in steamboating. He became the owner 
of a line of boats plying the Hudson river be- 
tween New York City and Albany. In 1866 he 
removed to Giampaign county. 111., and there 
followed farming until his death, which occurred 
in [884. He is survived by his wife, who now 
makes her home in Oklahoma City. 

Horn March 5. 1865, William I- rederickson 
was taken by his parents to Illinois when a vear 
old, and in Champaign county was reared to 
young manhood. He received a preliminary 
education through the medium of the public 
schools, graduating from the Giampaign high 
school and then entering the Universitv of 




Illinois, which he attended until the close of his 
junior year. He then took up the study of law, 
with H. M. Beardsley, of Kansas City, Mo., and 
was admitted to the bar in 1890. He practiced 
law there in partnership with his preceptor, 
afterwards mayor of Kansas City, until 1892, 
when he located his law office in Chicago. In 
1898 he volunteered in Company C, of the First 
Illinois Regiment, for the Spanish-American 
war. and. was sent to Santiago, Cuba, where he 
remained until the close of hostilities, when he 
was mustered out of service with his regiment 
in Chicago. In 1900 he came to Los Angeles 
and for two years was on the editorial staff of 
the Los Angeles Herald, and was then appointed 
prosecuting attorney by City Attorney Mathews, 
in which position he served for four years. In 
1906 he was elected police judge of Los Angeles 
on the Republican and Nonpartisan ticket and in 
January. 1907, took the oath of office and is now 
presiding over Department No. 2. 

Mr. Frederickson was united in marriage in 
Los Angeles, in July. 1904. to Miss Jane Sheaff, 
and born of this union is one daughter, Han- 
sena. Mr. Frederickson is a member of the Los 
Angeles Bar Association, the Union League and 
Countrv Clubs. 

JOSEPH MESMER. The name of Mesmer 
is well known among the business men of Los 
Angeles, where both father and son have taken 
a promiment part in the material advancement 
of the city's best interest. The pioneer. Louis 
Mesmer, brought his family to Southern Cali- 
fornia in August, 1859, and since that date 
he has not only accumulated personal inde- 
pendence along financial lines, but has as well, 
given his best efforts toward the general up- 
building of the city. A native of Germany, 
born in Surburg, Canton Sulz, in what was 
then the province of Alsace, France, on the 
20th of February, 1829, he was still a youth in 
years when he left the paternal home in the 
village of Surburg and went to the city of 
Hagenau, nearby, where he served a four 
years' apprenticeship to learn the trade of 
bread baker. Following this he met with suc- 
cess in various parts of his native country, but 
with an ambition beyond his opportunities he 

steadfastly turned his face toward the west- 
ern world. Ultimately he embarked at Havre 
for New York City, thence he went to Syra- 
cuse and from there to Buffalo, in the last- 
named city accepting employment at his trade 
as a journeyman. After acquiring proficiency 
in the English language, he removed to Ohio 
and in Tippecanoe City established a bakery 
which he conducted successfully for a period 
of three years. 

Attracted to the remote west he left his fam- 
ily in Tippecanoe City (having in the mean- 
time married Miss Katherine Forst), and in 
the spring of 1858 sailed from New York City 
via the Isthmus of Panama for San Francisco. 
The gold fields throughout the entire Pacific 
coast held his attention for some time, but not 
meeting with the success anticipated, he aban- 
doned mining and went to Victoria. British 
Columbia, and opened a baker)'. Here his op- 
portunities for making money were most 
abundant, but desiring at this time to send for 
his family he disposed of his interests and 
returned to San Francisco. Upon the arrival 
of his wife and his son, Joseph, he severed 
his business connections in that city and came 
to Southern California and located at Los An- 
geles, which at that time was a small frontier 
town containing about thirty-two hundred in- 
habitants, consisting principally of Mexicans, 
Digger Indians and about seven hundred 
Americans and foreigners. The main portion 
of the city then extended from First street 
north to College street, and from the edge of 
the hills on the west to Alameda street on the 
east, comprising an area of about twenty-five 
of the present city blocks. There were no 
through cross streets running east and west 
from Aliso street on the north to Ninth street 
on the south, the latter named street at that 
time being a lane twenty-five feet wide. First 
street extended from Fort street (now Broad- 
way) on the west to Los Angeles street on the 
east, and Los Angeles street was but three 
blocks long, extending from Arcadia and Ali- 
so streets to First street. San Pedro street 
was just as. it is now except that it has been 
widened. There were a number of residences 
on Main street south of First to what was 
then called Ogier's lane and is now Winston 



street ; also on San Pedro to Third streets, 
on Aliso street east to Lyon, and on Macy 
street east to Los Angeles river. This also 
was the only avenue to the eastern portions of 
the county. There was a small group of 
houses located on the southwest corner of 
Spring and Sixth streets, a few on the Mis- 
sion road just north of Macy, and others scat- 
tered among the orchards, vineyards and gar- 

The principal business district was bounded 
by Commercial street, which was only one 
block long and was located between Main and 
Los Angeles streets ; Los Angeles street, one 
block north from Commercial to Arcadia and 
Aliso street ; and Xegro Alley, which ex- 
tended north from Aliso to Plaza streets. 
Nearly all of the houses were built of adobe 
blocks, which are made of earth and straw 
molded and dried in the sun, of a size twenty 
inches long, fourteen inches wide and five 
indies thick. There were about a dozen brick 
houses and a few frame dwellings. L T pon his 
arrival in the city Air. .Mesmer went with his 
family to the Lafayette hotel (now St. Elmo), 
Louis Eberhardt proprietor, and after looking 
about for a short time in search of a promis- 
ing business opening, decided to purchase the 
Ulyard bakery which was located on the south- 
west corner of Main and First streets where the 
Xatick house now stands. On the opposite 
corner lived Dr. Frechmann, whose daughter, 
Bertha (now the widow of Fred Morsch), 
attended the public school on the northwest 
corner of Spring and Second streets, where 
the Bryson block now stands, often taking 
young Joseph Mesmer to school with her. Mr. 
Mesmer conducted the Ulyard bakery for two 
years, meeting with great success. In 1861 
he undertook (the first and only time it has 
been attempted in this city) to make matzas 
(Passover bread eaten by the Jewish people 
durnig Passover), which he sold to Jews all 
over Southern California. The same year he 
disposed of this business to the father of ex- 
Mayor Thomas E. Rowan, and purchased the 
Xew York bakery, near the southwest cor- 
ner of Third and Main streets, the former pro- 
prietors having been Peter Baltz and Henry 
Kuhn. from this bakery bread was supplied 

not only to a large number of city patrons, 
but also to the government troops at Camp 
Leighton, which was located about where the 
Playa del Rey car tracks now cross First 
street, near the town of The Palms. Los An- 
geles county. Later the business at and sur- 
rounding Camp Leighton became so extensive 
that he found it advisable to build a bake oven 
and temporary building on the camp premises. 
This oven stood for many years after Camp 
Leighton had been abandoned, a solitary mark 
of the place which had once been the scene of 
important military activities. 

After conducting the Xew York bakery for 
about a year Mr. Mesmer sold that business 
and established another near the southwest 
corner of Los Angeles and Commercial streets, 
just north of John Coder's wagon shop, con- 
tinuing also the business at Camp Leighton. 
The location at Los Angeles and Commercial 
streets was occupied for six months, then the 
bakery was removed to where the old First 
National Bank building now stands on Main 
street south of Commercial street. From 
there he continued to supply his city custom- 
ers and the federal troops who had meanwhile 
changed their quarters from Camp Leighton to 
Highland Park, about where the Occidental 
College grounds are now located. After con- 
ducting the bakery at the Main street location 
for fifteen months Mr. Mesmer decided that 
he could make more money by establishing a 
trading expedition into Arizona than he could 
in the bakery business and so he, in partner- 
ship with a very good friend by the name of 
Yander, purchased two big prairie schooners 
and loaded them with provisions to sell to the 
miners and campers of Arizona. They suc- 
ceeded in disposing of their stock at satisfac- 
tory prices and were much elated over their 
success. However, when homeward bound, 
sand storms arose, covering up the springs 
along the road and as a result their horses died 
of thirst on the Mojave desert and the men 
were forced to abandon their wagons. Crest- 
fallen and discouraged and financially much 
worse oft' than before they started, they re- 
turned to Los Angeles on the over-land terri- 
torial stage. During Mr. Mesmer's absence 
Mrs. Mesmer conducted the bakery business, 



also a boarding house. Shortly after his re- 
turn Mr. Mesmer purchased the United States 
hotel from Otto Stressforth and during the 
following five years built up a large and lucra- 
tive business. At the same time he purchased 
all of the present Main street frontage and 
built thereon the United States hotel building. 
After this period of good business prosperity 
Mr. and Mrs. Mesmer sold their business and 
rented the property to Hammel & Bremer- 
mann and decided that their well earned lab- 
ors entitled them to a visit to their native land. 
Taking their three children, Joseph, Louis An- 
thony and Mary Agnes Christina (the latter 
two having been born in Los Angeles), they 
went to New York via the Panama route. 
From March. 1869, to May, 1870, was spent 
visiting friends and relatives in the east and in 
the old country and the return trip was made 
from New York by rail to San Francisco, 
the Union & Central Pacific Railroad having 
been just completed at that time. Shortly after 
his return to Los Angeles Mr. Mesmer pur- 
chased the Dr. R. T. Hayes home on Fort 
street, the site which is now occupied by the 
Mason Opera House building, and the family 
resided there for over twenty years. 

Joseph Mesmer, who was the oldest son of 
his parents, was born in Tippecanoe, Miami 
county, Ohio, November 3, 1855, and was 
brought by his father to Los Angeles in 1859. 
During the years that his parents conducted 
the United States hotel he was known by, and 
knew more people than any other person in 
the city, and as a boy attended the weddings of 
the parents of many of the men and women 
now prominent in Los Angeles business, social 
and professional circles. Among them were: 
Mr. and Mrs. Jerry Newell in i860; Mr. and 
Mrs. J. Henry Dockweiler in 1862; Mr. and 
Mrs. Samuel Meyer in 1862 or 1863: Mr. and 
Mrs. Carl Burkhardt and Mr. and Mrs. Andrew 
Lehman in 1863; Mr. and Mrs. John Rumph. 
Mr. and Mrs. Louis Roeder and Mr. and Mrs. 
Louis Breer all about the years 1864 and 1865. 
At the weddings of the last two couples named, 
relatives and friends drove out to the Boni- 
face Hoffman place at San Gabriel, opposite 
the old Mission Church, where under the large 
sycamores the marriages were celebrated in 

the usual festive picnic way, dancing, singing 
and playing games in regular old German fash- 
ion. He also attended the weddings of Mr. 
and Mrs. Herman Heinsch, Mr. and Mrs. Lo- 
renz Leek, Air. and Mrs. Jacob Kuhrts, Mr. 
and Mrs. John Benner, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas 
E. Rowan. Mr. and Mrs. Isaac R. Dunkelber- 
ger, Mr. and Mrs. Hen C. Trueman, Mr. and 
Mrs. Charles Howard, Mr. and Mrs. Jean 
Cazaux, Mr. and Mrs. James Craig, and Mr. 
and Mrs. Joe Smith, all of which took place 
between [864 and 1868. In his boyhood days, 
while roaming around the country or deliver- 
ing bread to customers, Mr. Mesmer traveled 
nver almost every yard of territory now with- 
in the confines of this city. He could at that 
time speak the Spanish language as fluently as 
a native born. 

Tlie education of Mr. Mesmer was received 
in the public schools of Los Angeles and while 
in Furope he attended college at Strassburg, 
Germany. After his return from Europe he 
entered the employ of Ralph Leon and re- 
mained with him until his father required his 
services in the wine business, in which he was 
then engaged, ami after working at that em- 
ployment for about five years he then estab- 
lished a business of his own, opening The 
Queen Shoe Store. On March 22, 1879, he was 
married to Miss Rose Elizabeth Bushard, the 
wedding taking place in St. Yibiana Cathedral ; 
the large edifice was crowded with friends of 
the contracting parties anxious to witness the 
ceremony. They are now the proud parents 
of five children : Louis Francis. Mary Jose- 
phine, Junietta Elizabeth, Beatrice Evalynne 
and Aloysius James Joseph. 

In 1887 Mr. Mesmer was elected a member 
of the Board of Freeholders to frame a charter 
for the city of Los Angeles: in 1893 he was 
appointed a park commissioner. He has al- 
ways been most active in all public matters 
and has been conspicuously active in the open- 
ing, widening and improving of the streets, 
nrnn- than a dozen of our public thorough- 
fares owing their opening and widening to his 
efforts. To him also is due the credit of secur- 
ing the $280,000 in subscriptions toward the 
purchase of the free site for the postoffice and 
federal building. He also assisted in secur- 



ing subscriptions to the amount of $32,000 to- 
wards assisting the Chamber of Congress in 
the purchase of a building site. It was mainly 
through his efforts that the Alcatraz Paving 
Trust was broken up. This act alone has 
saved to the property owners in the paving of 
the streets fully twenty-five per cent, besides 
allowing the purchase of a local product in- 
stead of sending money away for Alcatraz 
bitumen. He was also largely instrumental in 
securing the locating of the Public Market at 
Third and Central avenue. 

On January 30, 1906, Mr. Mesmer sold out 
The Queen Shoe Store after a successful busi- 
ness career of twenty-seven years. He is now 
president of the St. Louis Fire F.rick and Clay 
Company; also as vice-president of the West- 
ern Lock and Hardware Company, both of 
which manufacturing establishments give 
promise of future greatness. Although solicited 
in the past by several of the large banking 
institutions of this city to become a bank direc- 
tor Mr. Mesmer has repeatedly declined until 
quite recently, when he allowed the use of his 
name as a director in the Home Savings Bank. 
He is a member of the California and Jona- 
than Clubs and belongs to the fraternal order 
of Elks, Knights of Columbus, the Young 
Men's Institute and several other charitable 
and beneficial societies. He has also been 
many times honored with the presidency of 
numerous political, social and improvement 
clubs. Accompanied by his family Mr. Mes- 
mer recently returned from an extended trip 
of over thirteen months, visiting many of the 
important cities of the United States, Canada 
and Europe, and over twelve countries. The 
entire trip was replete with pleasure. 

LEON LOEB. The firm of H. Newmark 
& I o., in which Mr. Loeb has been a partner since 
the year 1892, is one of the largest exporter- of 
hides and allied commodities in Southern Califor- 
nia, with office and salesroom at No. 414 to 428 
Commercial street, Los Angeles, 

A native of France, Leon Loeb was horn in 
Strasburg June 13. [845, the eldest of ten chil- 
dren born to his parents, Jacob and Rosalie 
(Levi) Loeb, both of whom were also born in 

Strasburg. Up to the time of the Franco-Prus- 
sian war they had known no other home than 
their birthplace, but when Strasburg fell into the 
hands of the Germans after one month's bom- 
bardment they removed to Paris, there spending 
the remainder of their lives. In Strasburg, where 
his father was known as one of the foremost busi- 
ness men, Leon Loeb gave the first sixteen years 
of his life towards acquiring an education, attend- 
ing a gymnasium there. At this early age and 
alone so far as relatives were concerned, he left 
home and friends in 1861, going direct to St. 
Imier, Switzerland, where he secured a position 
as bookkeeper in a watch factory. Five years 
in this position gave him the necessary courage 
and experience to venture further, and in 1866 
he was among the passengers who debarked at 
Grey Town, Nicaragua, from the ship Santiago 
de Cuba. Reaching the Pacific coast, he there 
took passage on the Moses Taylor, which in due 
time reached the harbor of San Francisco. After 
looking about in that metropolis for three weeks 
he came on the ship Oriziba to Wilmington, from 
there coming to Los Angeles, which has ever 
since been his home. As he was thoroughly 
proficient in his line it was not long before he 
had secured a position, this being as bookkeeper 
and clerk for S. Lazard & Co. Some years later 
this firm was succeeded by the firm of Eugene 
Mever & Co., wholesale and retail dealers in dry- 
goods, then located on Spring street. Mr. Meyer 
retired from the firm in 1884, after which 
business was carried on under the name of Stern, 
Calm & Loeb until 1888, Mr. Calm at that time 
withdrawing from the firm. Business was con- 
tinued under the name of Stern, Loeb & Co., until 
1892. at which time Mr. Loeb retired from the 
dry-goods business, shortly after which he be- 
came associated with his father-in-law, Harris 
Newmark, in the exporting of hides. Under the 
firm name of H. Newmark & Co. (which is 
composed of Harris Newmark, Leon Loeb and 
A. Brownstein) hides and leather are shipped 
to all parts of the country, no other house in a 
similar line on the Pacific coast enjoying a patron- 
age of equal proportions. 

Harris Newmark. the senior member of the 
firm of II. Newmark & Co., was a native of 
Germany, born in the village of Lobau July 5, 
[834, a son of Philip and Esther (Meyers) New- 



mark. At the age of fourteen he became self- 
supporting, and when less than twenty years old 
set sail for the United States, sailing from Liver- 
pool on the Star King July 10, 1853. He saw 
Los Angeles for the first time October 22, 1853, 
and without loss of any time secured a position 
as clerk with his brother Joseph, who was already 
established in business here. Although on com- 
ing here he was without means in a financial 
sense, he possessed a fund of determination and 
ambition that was of more real value to him 
than a bank account, and in the course of ten 
months he had accumulated sufficient to enable 
him to open a small store on Commercial street. 
Giving this up in 1862, for three years he was 
interested in the commission business, and from 
1865 until 1886 was connected with the whole- 
sale grocery house which has borne his name and 
which under his able management grew within 
a few years from a small, unpretentious enterprise 
to its present proportions. Though he has been 
retired from the firm since 1886, business being 
carried on under the name of M. A. Newmark 
& Co.. he still stands at the head of the firm of 
H. Newmark & Co., besides which he has 
numerous outside investments which yield him 
handsome returns. By his marriage with Sarah 
Newmark in 1858 eleven children were born, one 
of whom, M. H., is prominently connected with 
the wholesale grocery house of M. A. Newmark 
& Co., founded by his father. For many years 
Mr. Newmark served as president and trustee of 
the Hebrew Congregation, and since 1856 has 
been identified with Lodge No. 42, F. & A. M., 
of Los Angeles. In manner he is courteous and 
affable, readily making friends, and what is better, 
he has the happy faculty of retaining them. 

By the marriage of Leon Loeb and Fstelle 
Newmark, who was born in Los Angeles the 
daughter of Harris Newmark, three children were 
born, Rose. Joseph Philip and Edwin J. From 
his earliest association with the city Mr. Loeb 
has been interested in the Independent Order of 
( )dd Fellows, and is one of the oldest members 
of Los Angeles Lodge No. 35, with which he is 
still identified As would be natural to expect 
from a man of Mr. Loeb's interest in commercial 
affairs he is a member of the Chamber of Com- 
merce, to whom the city is indebted in a great 
measure for the rapid advancement which the 

city has enjoyed in the past few years. For 
fifteen years he served as the consular agent for 
France, and upon his retirement he received from 
the French government for his services, the decor- 
ation of Knight of Agricultural Merit and Officer 
of Academy. Politically his sympathies are in 
accord with Republican principles, towards the 
endorsement of which he may always be de- 
pended upon. Although Mr. Loeb is a very busy 
man, he still finds time for social intercourse and 
recreation, all of which he finds in the Concordia 
Club, of which he is an active member. To an 
exceptional degree Mr. Loeb possesses the 
genuine esteem and admiration of a host of 
friends and acquaintances, who are drawn to 
him not alone for his upright business methods, 
but for the charm of personality which is peculiar 
to his make-up and which all who meet him feel 
instinctively. The family have a commodious 
residence at No. 837 Westlake avenue, Los An- 

period in the history of our country the pa- 
ternal great-grandfather of Mr. Morehous im- 
migrated to the United States and settled as 
a pioneer of New York state. At the time of 
the Revolutionary war he took sides against 
the Mother country from whence he came and 
was one of the most active defenders of the 
young colonists' cause. Among his children 
who also came to the new world at the same 
time was Philo Morehous, he also becoming 
an early settler in the Empire state. In his 
family was another Philo Morehous, who was 
born in Monroe county, N. Y., and in later 
j ears became a prominent figure in financial 
and railroad affairs throughout the east and 
middle west. A man of keen judgment and 
foresight, and possessing the necessary com- 
plement of large executive ability, he finally 
concentrated his efforts in a line for which he 
had special adaptation, namely, the construc- 
tion of railroads, and at one time was promi- 
nently connected with the Vanderbilts in the 
building of the Lake Shore road, and after- 
wards in the Lake Shore and Michigan South- 
ern Railroad. In fact, his best years were 
spent in railroading and banking in the east 



and also in Illinois, and at the time of his 
death, in 1881, he had been a resident of Chi- 
cago for a number of years. His marriage 
united him with Miss Katherine Winegar, 
who, like himself, was a native of the Em- 
pire state. 

While his parents were residents of Indiana, 
Clinton P. Morehous was born in Elkhart 
January 4, 1845, and he received his first 
school training in the temples of learning in 
his birthplace. There also he prepared for 
entry into college, and thereafter took up and 
completed a four-year course in Hillsdale 
College, in Michigan. His college days over, 
he returned to his home in Indiana, and with- 
out loss of time, he enlisted his services in the 
cause of the north, the whole country then 
being in a state of turmoil incident to the 
Civil war. As a member of Company I he 
enlisted in the Fifteenth Indiana Volunteer 
Infantry, Colonel Acker commanding the regi- 
ment. At the close of the term for which he 
enlisted he was honorably discharged and 
again returned to his Indiana home. His first 
experience of a business nature was received 
in his father's bank in Elkhart, and later he 
became connected with the Lake Shore Rail- 
road, being one of the stockholders of the 
company for a number of years. His identi- 
fication with California, and with Pasadena in 
particular, dates from the year 1875, when, in 
the prime of life, he came to the growing west 
to share in its prosperity. He has lived to 
realize his expectations, but the years which 
have intervened have chronicled their share of 
the fluctuations which come to every newly 
settled country, all of which he has safely 
weathered. His business interests since locat- 
ing here have been principally in stocks and 
in real estate, and aside from the duties con- 
nected therewith he is now living practically 

In 1880 -Mr. Morehous was married to Miss 
Ida Cook, a native of Rhode Island, and their 
only child. Vera May, is now the wife of E. 
H. Groenendyke, cashier of the Union Savings 
Bank of Pasadena. Mr. Morehous is fratern- 
ally associated with the Knights of Pythias, 
and is socially identified with the City Valley 
Hunt Club, one of the oldest clubs in South- 

ern California, and the Balso Chico Gun Club, 
one of the wealthiest social organizations of 
the state. The latter club owns a tract of three 
thousand acres on the Huntington electric rail- 
road, at Newport and Long Beach. The style 
of architecture employed in the club buildings 
is peculiarly artistic, and the interior plan is 
on the order of a first-class hotel, making it 
possible for members and their families to 
spend their summers together there. During 
the winter season the club is occupied by its 
members who delight in shooting small game, 
ducks abounding in that vicinity during cer- 
tain seasons. In 1896 Mr. Morehous erected 
the fine residence in which he and his wife 
now live. The many dependable qualities 
which have distinguished the life of Mr. More- 
hous during his residence in Pasadena have 
called forth the esteem and respect of his 
fellow-townsmen, and he has attained an en- 
viable position as a citizen of Los Angeles 

teemed clergyman, pastor of the Knox Presby- 
terian Church of Los Angeles, is a man of edu- 
cation and culture and bears fitly and well the 
name of Giristian. He is a deep thinker, an 
eloquent preacher, and as broad and liberal in 
his spirit as he is sincere and devout in his con- 
victions. A native of the south, he was born in 
Columbus, Miss., September 13, 1863, a son of 
Charles F. and Martha (Wheeler) Harper, of 
whom a more extended account may be found on 
another page. In the spring of 1868, when Ed- 
ward J. was a lad of five years, the family re- 
moved to California, settling in Los Angeles, 
which at that time bore little promise of attain- 
ing its present size and commercial importance. 
His first school training was received in the pub- 
lic schools of this city, where he displayed un- 
usual ability as a student. Subsequently he 
entered the high school and here, as in the gram- 
mar school, he showed remarkable aptitude and 
upon his graduation in 1883 he delivered the 
valedictory of his class. Later he entered the 
University of Southern California, remaining 
until the close of his junior year, when he en- 
tered Yanderbilt University of Nashville, Tenn., 




graduating from the latter institution in 1889 
with the degree of S. T. B. 

Returning to California after his graduation, 
Mr. Harper entered the ministry of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church South, his first charge 
being in San Luis Obispo. Subsequently he was 
appointed pastor of the church in San Ber- 
nardino, having been ordained as a minister of 
the denomination in 1891 in that city. From San 
Bernardino he went successively to Downey and 
Redlands, in the latter city organizing the con- 
gregation and building the church edifice. After 
giving up this charge he was not actively asso- 
ciated with the ministry for a time, having been 
called south to assume the position of financial 
secretary of the Wesleyan College for Ladies, 
a position which he held for two years. This 
is the oldest woman's college in the world and 
the first college ever chartered for women. Re- 
turning to California at the end of two years, 
Mr Harper was appointed to a pastorate in San 
Francisco, filling the same for two years, and 
thereafter located once more in Los Angeles. 
Here, as in his former charges, he continued the 
work of upbuilding and spreading the gospel of 
peace and good-will, and as an evidence of his 
accomplishments may be seen the Woodlawn 
Church at the corner of Woodlawn avenue and 
Fortieth street. Thus far in his career he had 
espoused the belief and doctrines of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church South, but owing to a 
change in his belief in favor of the Presbyterian 
Church he joined the latter denomination in Sep- 
tember, 1906, and is now pastor of the Knox 
Presbyterian Church of this city, located on 
Thirtieth street near Main. 

In Nashville, Tenn., Mr. Harper was married 
to Miss Myrtie Roberts, who was born in Ken- 
tucky and received her training in the south, 
having been educated in Price's College for 
young ladies at Nashville. March 25, 1907, Mr. 
Harper received the appointment of city forester 
for Los Angeles, a position recently created and 
one for which the applicants were required to 
pass the civil service examination. Mr. Harper 
passed the test with the highest percentage and 
as a result was appointed to the position, and 
April 1 took the oath of office. In national 
politics he espouses Democratic principles, but 
in local affairs he puts man ahead of party, vot- 

ing for the candidate best qualified for the posi- 
tion in question. Under the administration of 
Mr. Harper the church of which he is pastor 
has prospered in all of its departments, and 
throughout the community his influence for good 
has been felt and appreciated. 

JAMES A. FOSHAY. The services ren- 
dered by Prof. James A. Foshay in an educa- 
tional line in Los Angeles have been such as 
to ineradicably associate his name with this 
work, although he has recently resigned his 
position as superintendent to enter upon the 
responsible duties which are his as president 
of the Fraternal Brotherhood. Since 1895 he 
has served as superintendent of the schools in 
the city of Los Angeles and with each passing 
year has contributed more and more to their 
improvement, his peculiar fitness for the work 
serving to bring out the highest capabilities of 
the teachers under his supervision. He is a 
native of Cold Spring, N. Y., born November 
25, 1856, a son of Andrew Jackson and Eme- 
line (Griffin) Foshay. The father was born 
January 21, 1830, on a farm in Kent, N. Y., 
where his parents, Lynes and Ruhannah 
(Smalley) Foshay, spent their entire lives. 
The professor's great-grandfather, John Fo- 
shay, served in the Revolutionary war with 
distinction, as did also the maternal great- 
grandfather, John Smalley. 

Reared to young manhood in his native 
state, James A. Foshay received a preliminary 
education in the district school in the vicinity 
of his home, after which, in 1875, ne entered 
what is now known as the State Normal Col- 
lege at Albany, N. Y.. from which he was 
graduated with honors. For the ensuing three 
years he taught in the public schools, at the 
close of that time being elected school commis- 
sioner of Putnam county, N. Y. Re-elected to 
the office, he combined with the discharge of 
his duties those of secretary of the New York 
State Association of School Commissioners 
and Superintendents. He gave to each the at- 
tention and characteristic energy which have 
distinguished every phase of his career, and in 
1885 was re-elected to that important trust. 

Mr. Foshay came to California in 1887 and 


located in Monrovia, Los Angeles county, 
where he secured a position in the grammar 
schools, and in the following July was elected 
principal. A year later he was appointed a 
member of the Board of Education of Los An- 
geles county, and in 1891-92 served as presi- 
dent. In all public capacities he gave evidence 
of his unusual ability and also of the thorough- 
ness of his work, gradually assuming a promi- 
nence which called him to higher positions 
than any he had yet filled. In 1893 he became 
deputy superintendent of the schools of the 
city of Los Angeles under Professor Brown, 
and was re-elected the following year. In 1895 
he was chosen superintendent, entering upon 
his important duties before reaching his thirty- 
ninth birthday. The marked success of his 
first eight years in California was but a pro- 
phecy of his future career, for he has in every 
way lived up to the promise of his young man- 
hood. Eleven years have passed since he as- 
sumed the responsibilities of this position and 
each term has witnessed his resumption of the 
duties incumbent upon him as superintendent, 
and to his efforts are due the great progress 
and development which have characterized the 
public schools of this city. When he took 
charge of the work there were only ten thou- 
sand, one hundred forty-four pupils, while 
there are to-day thirty-four thousand, seven 
hundred and ninety-five: the school property 
at that time was valued at $740,670 and to-day 
al S_\h7o,ooo. 

The educational work of Dr. Foshay has 
been far-reaching, its influence keenly felt 
throughout Southern California, and indeed 
thoroughly appreciated all over the state. In 
1898 he attended the convention of the Nation- 
al Educational Association (of which he was 
second vice-president), and against considera- 
ble opposition secured the next meeting in Los 
Angeles, where the following year a most en- 
tertaining and successful session was held. He 
has proven an upbuilding factor in the South- 
ern California Teachers' Association, having 
served efficiently as president. He was also 
elected a member of the California Council of 
Education, the National Council of Education, 
and a director of the Southern California Acad- 
emy of Sciences, lie lias also taken an active 

part in musical culture and literary societies. 
He has made many addresses upon important 
educational topics indicative of his mental at- 
tude and thought, and these have proven a 
source of study and development of inestimable 
value to the teachers under him. The crown- 
ing work of Dr. Foshay was his successful ad- 
vocacy of the scheme of bonding the city in 
1905 for $780,000 for the purpose of raising 
funds to add to the public school buildings and 
equipment : through some defect in the bonds 
this matter was taken to the supreme court 
and in February, 1906, was approved, when 
the bonds sold for $7,000 premium. He also 
labored zealously at this time to have the 
building power transferred from the council to 
the Board of Education, and succeeded in ac- 
complishing this end. As advisor of the board 
all plans for building and remodeling were 
submitted to him for approval before being 
carried out. Significant of the high esteem in 
which Professor Foshay is held was the ccn- 
ferring upon him of the degree of Doctor of 
Pedagogy by his alma mater; this is a degree 
that cannot be earned by the passing of exam- 
inations, but is given to those only who have 
distinguished themselves as educators. 

Dr. Foshay's prominence in fraternal circles 
(being a Knight Templar Mason and hav- 
ing served as eminent commander of Los 
Angeles Commandery No. 9, and also as grand 
master of the Grand Lodge of California) has 
given him a wide acquaintance throughout the 
state and the entire Pacific coast, as well as 
the United States, and this was the means of 
his being elected to the presidency of the Fra- 
ternal Brotherhood at a large salary. Dr. Fo- 
shay takes a broad interest in all questions of 
the day and a personal stand that leaves no 
room for doubt as to his convictions. In poli- 
tics he endorses the principles advocated in the 
platform of the Republican party and votes 
that ticket, although in the smaller sense of 
the word he is not a partisan. He is a mem- 
ber and director of the University Club. 

Dr. Foshay's home, located at No. 1023 
West Sixth street, is presided over by his wife, 
formerly Miss Phebe Powell Miller, with 
whom he was united in marriage March 18, 
1885. She was born in Carmel, Putnam coun- 

ryTrA-n C - tfi^t-i^u*^-^ 



ty, N. Y., May 2, 1856. a daughter of John 
Griffin and Phebe Powell (Carpenter) Miller, 
both of whom were natives of Amavvalk, 
Westchester county, same state. Both Dr. Fo- 
shay and his wife are members of the Baptist 
church and are prominent in social circles. 

A resume of the salient points in the career 
of Dr. Foshay bring out forcibly his natural 
traits of character and the ability which is his 
both through inheritance and years of study 
and training. These have made it possible for 
him to grasp the opportunity which his keen 
perception recognized, and have brought to 
him a thorough understanding of the situation. 
The ability, tact and power of decision might 
in themselves never have accomplished their 
ends ; to those who know him these seem but 
subordinate qualities, for that which makes 
them forceful is the sincerity of the man, his 
honesty of purpose, and the fearless manhood 
which has stood for the right against every ob- 
stacle during the course of his splendid career. 

out American history and story no name is 
more familiarly known than that of John C. 
Fremont, the Pathfinder of the Rocky Mount- 
ains. School children of all ages read and reread 
with renewed delight and interest his encoun- 
ters with the dusky foe on the plains and ex- 
ploits of thrilling adventure throughout his en- 
tire career on the western frontier. His fear- 
less and daring spirit was no doubt an inher- 
ited tendency, for it is known that the founder 
of the family in America was a man of large 
undertakings and indomitable courage. Born 
in France at a time when the edict of Nantes 
was still in effect, he lived there contented 
with his surroundings and privileges until the 
revocation by Louis XIY, when he was sent to 
Canada as an officer in the troops, and there 
he eventually settled with his family. There 
the family became well known, the famous Dr. 
Charles James Fremont being a member of this 
branch of the family. The grandson of this 
immigrating ancestor. Louis Rene, was the 
founder of the family in the United States, his 
later years being spent in Giarleston, S. C. 
his death occurring: there in 1818. In Virginia 

he married Anne Beverly Whiting, whose 
aunt, also a Miss Whiting, became the wife of 
John Washington, and held George Washington 
in her arms at the time of his christening. 

Born in Savannah, (ia., January 21, 1813, John 
Charles Fremont, of this sketch, was a lad of 
five years when the death of his father cast the 
first shadow over his young life. Remaining 
with his widowed mother in Charleston, he there 
became a pupil in the public schools, where he 
displayed an aptitude and receptivity which made 
him a delight to his teachers. One especially, 
Professor Robertson of the University of South 
Carolina, took a keen interest in him ami gave 
him outside assistance in his studies that was 
of untold advantage to him. Circumstance over 
which he had no control, however, put an end 
to his school days, and at the age of nineteen 
the support of his mother, brother and sister fell 
upon his young shoulders. From his earliest 
school days he showed a fondness for mathe- 
matics, and it was along this line that he bent 
his keenest energies. Naturally he sought em- 
ployment which would make use of his train- 
ing, and this he had no difficulty in finding. His 
first practical work was as a surveyor in the rice 
lands of South Carolina, a task which involved 
considerable risk to life, and was paid for ac- 
cordingly. From 1833 to 1835 he was a teacher 
of mathematics on the sloop-of-war Natchez, and 
later became assistant to Capt. W. G. Williams 
of the United States topographical engineers. 
Subsequently he was appointed an assistant to 
Mr. Nicollet, who under the direction of Gen- 
eral Sibley, with headquarters at old Fort Snell- 
ing, explored the country north of the Missouri 
river, at the same time discovering its source. 
In May, 1842. he set out on another expedition, 
his object this time being to survey beyond the 
Rocky Mountains by the south pass, one of the 
members of his party being Kit Carson, the noted 
trapper and scout. On this occasion, on Au- 
gust 15. he scaled the peak that is now known 
as Fremont's Peak. 

With a band of thirty-nine trusty men Mr. 
Fremont set out in May of 1843 ior tlle P ur - 
pose of finding a path to the Pacific ocean. In 
his equipment he had the first India rubber boat 
ever constructed, and this was also the first boat 
that ever floated on Salt Lake, the explorers 



sighting this body of water for the first time 
September 6, 1843. It is a fact worthy of note 
that the maps which Mr. Fremont made of the 
country at this time were the same ones which 
Brigham Young used in making his way to 
that garden spot. Proceeding toward the coast, 
Mr. Fremont reached California in the middle 
of the following December, and in March of 1844 
reached Sutter's Fort, near Sacramento. Hav- 
ing accomplished the purpose for which he came 
he began to retrace his steps on the 24th of the 
same month, reaching Kansas July 1, 1844. 
Starting on his third expedition in 1845 ne 
finally reached Monterey, the old capital of Cal- 
ifornia, there raising the first American flag on 
Gaviota Peak, when threatened with attack by 
Castro's men. From Monterey he went to Kla- 
math lake. Working under the direction of orders 
received from Washington to defend the interests 
of the United States in California and to pro- 
tect American settlers, with Stockton and Sloat 
he soon wrested northern California from Mexi- 
can rule, and July 4, 1846, was elected governor 
of California. By the treaty of Cahuenga, on 
January 13. 1847, ' le concluded articles of capit- 
ulation which left the territory in the possession 
of the United States. During the memorable 
year of 1849 he was elected United States senator 
from California, taking his seat September 10, 
1850, the day after the state was admitted into 
the Union. He and his wife though southerners 
were advocates of a free state and it was largely 
through his influence that it was admitted as 

In September, 1853, Mr. Fremont made his 
fifth expedition across the continent, and three 
years later became the recognized leader of a 
new political party whose slogan was "Free soil, 
free speech, freedom and Fremont." The Re- 
publican convention of June, 1856, witnessed 
his nomination for president. Returning to Cal- 
ifornia in 1858, a few lears later, at the outbreak 
of the Civil war. lie was made major-general 
of the regular army, commanding the western 
department, with headquarters in St. Louis. At 
the hands of President Lincoln in March of 
[862 be was given command of the mountain 
district nf Virginia, Kentucky and Tennessee, 
and in 187S was appointed governor of Arizona. 
Further promotion and honor awaited him, for 

by act of congress he was made major-general 
of the regular army in 1890, and put on the re- 
tired list. He was not long spared to enjoy his 
new honors, however, for death came to him a 
few months afterward, July 13, 1890, while on a 
temporary visit in New York City. 

In Washington, D. C, October 19, 1841, oc- 
curred the marriage of John C. Fremont and 
Jessie Benton, daughter of Thomas H. Benton, 
United States senator from Missouri. Opposi- 
tion to the marriage on the part of Mr. Benton 
proved no bar to the consummation of the plans 
of the young people, for they were quietly mar- 
ried without his knowledge or blessing. Sub- 
sequently Mr. Benton became reconciled to their 
marriage and in later years he became Mr. Fre- 
mont's stanchest friend. Five children blessed 
the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Fremont, but of 
these two died young. The eldest, Elizabeth Mc- 
Dowell Benton Fremont, was born in Washing- 
ton, D. C, in 1842. and as long as her parents 
lived continued to make her home with them. 
She has been a resident of California since June, 
1849. living first in San Francisco, later in Los 
Angeies, and in 1904 came to Long Beach, al- 
though she still retains her home in Los Angeles. 
The next child, John Charles, named for his illus- 
trious father, was born in San Francisco in 
April. 1851, one of the first American children 
born in the state. As an officer in the United 
States navy he participated in the Spanish-Amer- 
ican war and later was made commander of the 
U. S. Ship Florida. His marriage was with 
Sallie Anderson, who is a daughter of Gen. 
Adna Anderson, who laid out the Northern 
Pacific Railroad. Their three children are : John 
Charles (who is the third of that name and the 
second to serve in the United States navy) : 
Jessie Benton and Julia Van Wyck. Francis 
Preston Fremont was horn in Washington, D. 
C, in May. 1855. and is a major in the United 
States Army. His marriage united him with 
Caroline Townsend, a daughter of John D. 
Townsend, a prominent attorney of New York 
City, and they have one son, Benton Fremont. 
During the same vear in which General Fre- 
mont died congress granted a special pension 
to his widow, following which the women of 
California united in giving her a beautiful res- 
idence in Los Angeles. She was born in May, 



1824, and died at the home just mentioned De- 
cember 27, 1902. General Fremont's remains 
were interred on the beautiful banks of the 
Hudson in New York, and at her death her 
ashes were taken east and placed beside his re- 
mains. A woman of many charming traits of 
character, she was an inspiration to all with 
whom she came in contact, and though dead she 
yet speaks, for she was a writer of considerable 
note. Not only are her writings entertaining, 
but they claim the greater merit of truth, and are 
based on her experiences in this western frontier. 
Notable among the productions from her pen 
are : "A Year of American Travel ;" "Souvenirs 
of My Time ;" "A Sketch of Senator Benton ;" 
"Stories of the Guard." and "Will and Way 
Stories." At the time of her death she was en- 
gaged in the preparation of her autobiography. 

Colonel Fremont was in Paris with his wife 
and daughter in 1851 and '52, during which time 
Napoleon declared himself emperor, and they 
were honored guests at the last birthday dinner 
given in honor of the duke of Wellington. They 
were also presented at court. In 1869, General 
Fremont, wife and daughter again went abroad, 
this time visiting in Copenhagen and Denmark 
particularly. Mrs. Fremont owned the first car- 
riage that was even seen in California, it having 
been built for her in the east and brought around 
the Horn. It was so arranged that she could 
use it as a bed at night, and in this conveyance 
she and her eldest daughter made many trips 
throughout the state with Colonel Fremont. 

ord of the life of the late Jonathan Sayre Slau- 
son is in brief a history of the progress and de- 
velopment of Los Angeles and Southern Califor- 
nia during the past thirty years. Without eulogy 
cr embellishment it shall stand in fee simple of 
all that his living meant in all departments of 
activity — financial, political and moral, — and give 
to him a place among the honored names of our 
western commonwealth. Born in Westtown, 
Orange county, N. Y., December 11, 1829, he 
was one of a family of thirteen children, his 
parents. David H. and Elizabeth (Sayre) Slau- 
son, being natives of Connecticut. The paternal 
ancestors came from Hampshire, England, three 

brothers immigrating to the western world during 
the colonial period of our history. They became 
earnest, patriotic and loyal citizens and served 
valiantly in the Revolutionary war, in which two 
of the brothers perished. The remaining brother 
located in Connecticut after the close of hostili- 
ties and there reared his family and engaged in 
pursuits which brought him a competence. David 
H. Slauson removed to Orange county. N, Y. 
where he became known as a prosperous and 
successful farmer, rearing his children to ways 
of usefulness and inculcating habits of thrift 
and industry which spoke largely in their suc- 
cess in later life. 

The childhood and youth of Jonathan Sayre 
Slauson was passed upon his father's farm, where 
he became familiar with the first duties of life, 
before reaching his teens learning to plow a 
straight furrow, milk the cows, and perform other 
labors of more responsibility. In fact, responsi- 
bility was the watchword of the earlier years of 
his life, for that which did not fall to his lot in 
the natural course of events he sought with a 
persistence that gave him the most beneficial 
training of his life. Like the other farmer lads 
of his home vicinity he attended the public schools 
and like them also was supposed to have ac- 
quired sufficient education at the age of sixteen 
to enable him to pursue the graver responsibili- 
ties without further study. However, he was of 
too ambitious a turn of mind to be satisfied, and 
after clerking until 185 1 in a store in Middle- 
town, Orange county (where his mother located 
with her family after the death of the father), 
he took up the study of law. For a time he 
was engaged in reading in the office of a local 
lawyer, after which he entered the New York 
State Law School at Poughkeepsie, and was 
graduated therefrom in the fall of 1854. The 
following year found him located in New York 
City, where he opened an office and began the 
practice of his profession. Success was a part 
of the man, a logical outcome of his efforts, and 
that he won a place of prominence among the legal 
fraternity of New York City was never a matter 
of surprise to those who had known him best 
and could fitly appreciate his persistence and his 
courage and unconquerable determination to 
overcome all obstacles. Failing health induced 



him 'to abandon his practice and at the same time 
he sought a change of climate. 

Deciding to follow the westward trend of emi- 
gration, Mr. Slauson came to Nevada in 1804, 
and in Austin, a city in the central part of the 
state, he engaged actively in mining pursuits for 
several years. The last year of his residence 
there he resumed his law practice in partnership 
with Hon. C. E. De Long, who in the latter part 
of 1868 was appointed United States Minister 
to Japan by President Grant. While a resident 
of Austin Mr. Slauson was thrice honored by the 
mayoralty of the town, and left a record that 
was gratifying to his constituency. The success 
with which Mr. Slauson met while in Nevada 
brought him satisfactory financial returns and 
in the year 1868 he decided to retire from his 
labors in that locality, and accordingly settled 
in San Francisco. 

Coming to Los Angeles in 1874 Mr. Slauson 
was content to make this city his home for the 
balance of his life. His association with public 
movements of importance began at once and con- 
tinued unabated up to the time of his death, his 
first efforts being given to the founding of the 
old Los Angeles County Bank. He devoted ten 
years to the upbuilding of this institution, and at 
the end of that period, in 1885, when he sold to 
John E. Plater, it was recognized as one of the 
strongest banking houses in the state. As a di- 
rector of the railroad and wharf built at 
Santa Monica nearly thirty years ago by Senator 
John P. Jones he was prominent in its upbuilding, 
and was also actively indentified with the first 
>treet railroad lines of this city. 

One of the most important movements of Mr. 
Slauson was his purchase prior to 1885 of the 
Azusa ranch, comprising some fifty-eight hun- 
dred acres of choice foothill land lying about 
twenty-three miles east of this city. At about the 
same time he purchased the San Jose Addition 
ranch, adjoining the ether property, making a 
total of thirteen thousand six hundred acres of 
land, the market value of which was little ap- 
preciated at that time. The first purchase of 
fift\ eight hundred acres (with the exception of 
five hundred acres which he reserved for his 
"\mi private use) was sold to J. D. Bicknell, 
1. W. Hellman and others. ( (rganizing the Azusa 
Land and Water Company for the improvement 

of this immense property he became and re- 
mained its president and its motive power during 
the life of the corporation. With characteristic 
energy he threw himself into the task of sub- 
dividing and settling up the famous old ranch. 
The town of Azusa was laid out and the follow- 
ing year the completion of the Santa Fe Railroad 
gave an added impetus to the work which was 
being prosecuted under his direction. In the 
same year the San Jose Addition ranch was also 
disposed of and Mr. Slauson having relieved him- 
self of these cares prepared to give his attention 
to the improvement and cultivation of the five 
hundred acres. From his efforts has grown up 
the most extensive and finest citrus estates in 
California, known as the Azusa Foot-Hill Citrus 
Company, oranges and lemons being produced 
in quantity and quality that exceed every other 
individual effort in the state. This company was 
composed of Mr. Slauson and his children, their 
united effort bent to bring about the success in 
this venture. In addition to this large property 
Mr. Slauson had extensive landed interests in the 
city of Los Angeles and adjoining it, while with 
his children he was active in the improvement and 
cultivation of a two hundred and fifty acre 
orange grove situated in the same foothill belt 
with his Azusa property. 

Public enterprises had in Mr. Slauson a stanch 
supporter and one who made his personal inter- 
ests parallel with those of his adopted city and 
fellowmen. He served efficiently as a director in 
the Southern Pacific Railroad Company and some 
of Mr. Huntington's electric lines, and as a mem- 
he r of the Chamber of Commerce he was active 
in all its movements from the time of its organi- 
zation, serving successively as president, and dur- 
ing the ceremonies incidental to the laying of the 
corner stone of the new building in March, 1904, 
he made the speech in honor of the event. A 
few of the institutions that owe their origin and 
success to him are the Boys' Home at Garvanza, 
established by the matron, Mrs. Watson, and Mr. 
Slauson. He assisted materially in establishing 
the Young Men's Christian Association and was 
always a liberal contributor to that institution. 
The orphan asylum owes its origin to Mr. Slau- 
son, who together with his son-in-law, Mr. H. L. 
Macneil, gave $1,000 each and together they were 
instrumental in obtaining $19,000 toward that 




end. The Salvation Army Rescue Home was 
purchased and turned over to them free of debt. 
To commemorate those brave soldiers who died 
for their country in the Spanish-American war 
he assisted in raising a fund for the erection of 
the monument in Central Park. It is eminently 
fitting at this point to speak of Mr. Slauson's re- 
ligion, not in a separate paragraph nor in a place 
remote in the history of his life, for it was the 
mainspring and motive power of his existence. 
In the early years of his life he became a member 
of the Presbyterian Church and wherever he 
made his home was active in the support of this 
denomination, although giving liberally to all 
others. When he first came to Los Angeles 
there were but five weak Protestant churches be- 
tween San Jose and the Mexican line, and up to 
the year 1887 there were but five churches in 
this county that he had not assisted in starting. 
Into the organization of churches and kindred 
institutions in Southern California he put $45,- 
000 of his own private fortune in the twelve- 
years between 1875 and 1887. He was a man of 
broad gauge and earnest and sympathetic by na- 
ture, and he was thus able to be in touch with 
many whose lives knew nothing but sin. No 
help was more generously given to the Salvation 
Army than that of Mr. Slauson and he came to 
be known as "Sergeant Nellie Truelove's best 
private." What he has done will never be 
known, not only that his lips are still, but be- 
cause the influence of his living can never be 
calculated. True-hearted and sympathetic in the 
midst of his busy cares, he thought no time lost 
that was spent in a word of cheer, a hand-shake 
of friendliness, a material evidence of encourage- 
ment. Up to his last illness he retained the per- 
sonality which had endeared him to countless 
hosts of friends and made him universally loved 
wherever known. In social life he occupied to 
the verv last an unexcelled position, remaining 
one of the most popular and effective toastmast- 
ers and responders at banquets in the city. He 
served efficiently as president of the Sunset Club, 
and was a motive power in the advancement of 
its interests and popularity among the exclusive 
set who are its members. 

Thus the life that ended December 28. 1905, 
removed from all avenues of activity a man of 
unexcelled strength and power, whose influence 

shall be felt long after he has become but a 
memory. He was one of those men the poet 
meant when he wrote 

"Lives of great men all remind us 

We can make our lives sublime ; 
And departing, leave behind us, 
Footprints on the sands of Time." 

This brief history of his life could not more 
fitly be closed than with a quotation whose 
imagerv calls to mind the fairest in nature, and 
the most godly in mankind: 

"But December is upon us. The midnight of 
tin- year is nigh. The days grow shorter, with 
an added touch of cold to the air, and now and 
again a storm adds to the impulse to withdraw 
ourselves indoor. You draw near the hearth 
upon which fire is kindled and throw on the oak 
logs. You watch the flying of the sparks as they 
hit the coals. You see the flames leap up spite- 
fully to the attack. You note how long and ac- 
tively the old oak withstands the onset. It is 
a titanic fight between Nature's forces ; the 
toughened sinews of the oak, knit and strength- 
ened by years of struggle against the wind, yield 
not to the subtler stirrings of the heat without 
much explosion and rending of fiber. Then it 
seems to enter into the spirit of the game and 
the fiber burns with fiercer intensity, more than 
accomplishing what it was intended for. Grad- 
ually the flame dies out and there is left our 
oak intact, transformed into a glowing ember, 
quickly and gently dispensing the garnered sun- 
shine of a century to the well-being and comfort 
of us all. 

"So it is with the life of our friend. In him 
the fires of youth have died out. His soul, like 
the glowing embers of the rugged oak, looks out 
through his kindly eyes and he dispenses naught 
but comfort and good cheer to all who come 
within his presence." 

CHARLES C. CHAPMAN was born in 
Macomb, McDonough county. 111.. July 2, 1853. 
His father, Sidney S., was a native of < )hio, 
and his mother, Rebecca J. Chapman, of Ken- 
tucky. Her parents. David and Eliza Clarke. 
removed to Illinois when she was a child two 
vears of age. They were pioneers of that sec- 



tion, where they spent the remainder of their 
lives, both living to a ripe old age. 

The parents of our subject were married in 
Macomb in 1848. To them were born ten chil- 
dren, seven of whom reached mature years, 
and of this number all are now living save 
Emma E., who became the wife of L. W. B. 
Johnson. The mother of our subject passed 
away January 2, 1874, in Chicago; his father 
in that city in October of 1893. after having 
led an active life, following for years the bus- 
iness of contractor and builder. Both were 
members of the Christian Church, having 
united with it shortly after marriage. 

Charles C. passed his boyhood in Macomb, 
where he received only a common school edu- 
cation. At eleven years of age he became a 
messenger boy, and while in this service car- 
ried the dispatch announcing the assassination 
of President Lincoln. The following three or 
four years he was employed as a clerk in his 
uncle's store, attending school part of the time. 

In 1868 the family moved to Vermont, a 
neighboring village, where Charles worked 
with his father in the building business, learn- 
ing the bricklaying trade. Shortly after the 
Chicago fire he went to that city and joined the 
great army of workmen in its rebuilding. In 
1873 he erected over twenty brick residences 
in that city. His father, who had the contract, 
being sick, the entire responsibility fell upon 
our subject, who was then only twenty. After 
this he engaged in the mercantile business in 
Chicago, but in 1876 returned to Macomb to 
join his uncle in the compilation and publica- 
tion of a history of McDonough county. This 
completed, he went to Galesburg and began in 
the same line for himself. This was the begin- 
ning of the business of publishing local histor- 
ical and biographical works, which was subse- 
quently not only extensively followed by our 
subject, associated with his brothers, under the 
firm name of Chapman Brothers, and Chap- 
man Publishing Company, but by many other 
companh s. 

The firm built up a large printing and pub- 
lishing business in Chicago, Charles filling all 
departments of the work, from canvassing 
through the country to general manager. 
While going about the country, either upon a 

borrowed horse or in an old rig which he had 
purchased for a few dollars, his ambition 
reached the point that he desired to have his 
name upon a large business building in Chi- 
cago. Within ten years this ambition was 
gratified. Chapman Brothers erecting several 
large buildings in that city, all of which they 
occupied at different times. 

In 1894, on account of his wife's poor health, 
Mr. Chapman came to Los Angeles, since 
which time he has been actively engaged in 
the culture of the orange. His Santa Ysabel 
Ranch at Fullerton is one of the most highly 
improved and valuable orange properties in 
California. He has made a close study of 
growing and marketing this fruit, and is rec- 
ognized as authority upon the subject. His 
Old Mission Brand oranges have become fa- 
mous, and for ten years have stood at the head, 
making the record for prices each year. He 
has been a favorite speaker at horticultural 
conventions and farmers' institutes for years. 
He has written much that is valuable to grow- 
ers and shippers upon the growing and mar- 
keting of the orange. 

Mr. Chapman is a Republican and has taken 
some interest in politics. He was elected one 
of the first trustees of Fullerton. serving as 
chairman of the board, and re-elected for a 
second term. He was appointed by Governor 
Pardee in 1903 as a trustee of the State Nor- 
mal School of San Diego, was reappointed by 
him and later by Governor Gillette. In 1907 
he was elected a trustee of the Pomona College 
at Claremont, Cal. 

Aside from attending to his ranches, Mr. 
Chapman has engaged in other lines of bus- 
iness. He is a director of the Commercial Na- 
tional Bank, Los Angeles, the Riverside Na- 
tional Bank of Riverside, and of the Farmers 
and Merchants Bank of Fullerton. He served 
as president of the latter institution for some 
years. He is president of two mining com- 
panies and interested in other corporations, 
besides luuing large real estate interests in 
1 ,os Angeles and elsewhere. 

When a young man of sixteen, Mr. Chapman 
united with the Christian Church, since which 
time he has been more or less active in vari- 
ous departments of church work, and for some 

i k^-^T^r^^-^ 



three years filled the pulpit in the Christian 
Church at Anaheim. He is at present, and has 
been for some years, president of the Southern 
California and Arizona Christian Missionary 
Society. He has taken part in the dedication 
of twelve or fifteen churches, being the speak- 
er and making the appeal for money, and in a 
special as well as general way assisted many 
churches. While in Chicago he served for sev- 
eral years on the General Board of Managers 
of the Y. M. C. A., and also on the Board of 
the West Side Department. He is now filling 
the same position in Orange county. The larg- 
est of his philanthropic enterprises is the build- 
ing of a hospital at Xantungchow, China. 

In 1884, at Austin, Texas, Mr. Chapman and 
Miss Lizzie Pearson were united in marriage. 
To them were born two children, Ethel M., 
June 10, 1886, and Charles Stanley, January 
7, 1889. Mrs. Chapman departed this life at 
Los Angeles, September 19, 1894. September 
3, 1898, in that city, he was united in marriage 
to Miss Clara Irvin. 

Mr. Chapman is what is commonly spoken 
of as a self-made man. While having but mea- 
ger opportunities in the school room he may be 
regarded as fairly well informed along the or- 
dinary lines of human activity. Having no 
other legacy than a sound body, a disposition 
to deal fairly and honestly with his fellowmen, 
a distaste for liquors, gambling and dissipa- 
tion, he has made for himself a name respected 
among his fellows and accumulated a com- 

WILLIAM K. COWAX. The pioneer in 
the automobile business in Southern Califor- 
nia is W. K. Cowan, who has represented the 
Rambler on the Pacific coast since 1890, first 
having the agency for the Rambler bicycles 
in Southern California and then the Rambler 
automobiles as soon as their first model ap- 
peared. The admirable traits of character 
which have distinguished the career of Mr. 
Cowan are a direct inheritance from southern 
lineage, the name having been established in 
Virginia during the colonial period of our 
country's history. His paternal grandfather, 
Alfred Cowan, was a native of that state and 

a pioneer settler of Tennessee, where, in 
Blount county, he established his home. He 
became a commanding figure in Tennessee 
politics and served his county in the state 
legislature. Later in life he removed to Green- 
field, Mo., and there passed the evening of his 
days. Air. Cowan's father. H. G. Cowan, was 
born in Blount county, Term., and became 
a farmer near Greenfield, Mo., from which state 
he went to the Mexican war as a member of 
a Missouri regiment. Throughout the Civil 
war he served as a non-commissioned officer 
in a Missouri regiment, and his name is there- 
fore enrolled among the veterans of two wars. 
About 1S68 he located near Fort Scott. Kans., 
and homesteaded and improved a claim, mak- 
ing this his home until his removal to Douglas, 
Kans.. in 1876. He later farmed near Baldwin 
City, Kans., and was still later a resident of 
Lawrence, and in 1888 came to Los Angeles, 
which has ever since remained his home. In 
comparative retirement from business and 
other cares he is passing his latter days among 
delightful surroundings, and though eighty 
years of age, is in possession of those faculties 
which have placed him in the front ranks of 
noble and patriotic citizens. In his youth he 
married Eliza Garrison, a native of Indiana, 
and a daughter of Mark Alexander Garrison, 
who was born in the eastern section of the 
country and became a pioneer of Missouri and 
Kansas, his death occurring near ( Mathe, in 
the latter state. 

The eldest child in a family of six children, 
all of whom are living. W. K. Cowan was born 
in Greenfield, Dade county. Mo.. March 
17. 1863. His preliminary education was re- 
ceived through an attendance of the public 
schools in the vicinity of his home; later he 
became a student in Baker University at Bald- 
win City and attended this institution for two 
and a half years. He then entered Park Col- 
lege in Missouri, and remained for two years 
and a half, but left during the junior year to 
learn the jewelry business under William 
Rowe, in Lawrence, Kans. After mastering 
the craft he removed to Los Angeles in 1887 
and found employment with Mr. Harris, the 
jeweler, for a year. He then established a 
business of his own in this line, being located 



■ in South Spring street, and continued here for 
two years when he went to Chicago in order 
to take a course in the watch-making school. 
This finishing touch to his already extensive 
knowledge of the jewelry business made him 
a peer of the master mechanics in his line. 
L'pon returning to California he located in 
Riverside and engaged in business on Main 
street until 1892. While in that city he be- 
came interested in the sale of bicycles and was 
the first man there to carry a stock of bicycle 
goods, his stock being disposed of in 1892 in 
order i<> start a similar enterprise in Los An- 

Arriving in Los Angeles once more he 
opened a bicycle shop on the corner of Spring 
and Fifth streets and carried the Rambler as 
a leader. He is the oldest Rambler agent on 
the coast, and at one time had the agency for 
entire Southern California and Arizona, but 
after 1896 had charge only of Southern Cali- 
fornia. Mr. Cowan was also the first man in 
Southern California to engage in the automo- 
bile business, as he was agent for the Rambler 
bicycles taking the agency for the Rambler 
automobile as soon as its first model appeared. 
He went east to their factory and ordered five 
automobiles from the first model. In 1903 
he saw the need of a garage and at once 
planned and built the present garage at No. 
830-834 South Broadway, which was the first 
large garage in the city. Since then he has 
established a very large sale of automobiles, 
as the Rambler is a very popular machine, hav- 
ing stood the test in every possible way. He 
has the exclusive agency for Southern Cali- 
fornia and has appointed agencies for the ma- 
chine in other important cities of this section. 
In connection with his garage he has a well- 
equipped machine shop, and is also engaged 
in manufacturing what is known as Cowan's 
storage batteries, which not only have a large 
sale in Southern California, but are shipped to 
different points on the Pacific coast. This 
manufactory is the only cue of its kind in 
Southern California. 

In Los Angeles Mr. Cowan was united in 
marriage with Martha Hare, a native of New 
Y'irk City, but who came at an early age to 
California, where she was reared and educated. 

They became the parents of two children, but 
the little daughter, June, died at the age of 
six years. William K., Jr., is three years old. 
Mr. Cowan is fraternally associated with the 
Masons, having been made a member of the 
organization in Southgate Lodge, No. 320, F. 
& A. M., and is a member of Los Angeles 
Consistory No. 3, 32 Mason, and is 
also identified with the United Moderns. He 
was one of the organizers of the Automobile 
Dealers' Association of Southern California 
and acted as its first president, and is also 
prominent in the Merchants' & Manufacturers' 
Association and in the Chamber of Commerce. 
Socially he belongs to the Jonathan Club. On 
all national issues he is an advocate of Re- 
publican principles; in religion he is a mem- 
ber of the Congregational Church and a lib- 
eral contributor to its charities. Since his lo- 
cation here Mr. Cowan has demonstrated per- 
sonal qualities of character which have justly 
placed him among the representative citizens 
of Los Angeles. His stanch integrity in all 
matters of business, his uniform courtesy and 
frank friendliness have combined to win for 
him both the respect of his business associates 
and their friendship as well. 

JOHN S PENCE PITMAN. On the paternal 
side Mr. Pitman descends from Quaker an- 
cestors, both his grandfather and grandmother 
adhering to the teachings of George Fox, who 
founded the Society of Friends in the middle of 
the seventeenth century. For many years Xehe- 
miah and Mary (Rodman) Pitman lived the 
peaceful, law-abiding life of that sect in their 
native surroundings in New Jersey. In that 
state John Pitman was born, September 16, 1815, 
growing to manhood there, and there also formed 
domestic ties by his marriage with Elizabeth 
Spence, she being a native of Elizabethtown, N. 
J., and a daughter of John Spence. He removed 
to New York City and later to Philadelphia, and 
in 1857 carried out a plan which had been form- 
ing in his mind for some time, and that year 
found him a settler in Cedar county. Iowa. In 
Tipton, that county, he engaged in farming 
throughout the remainder of his life, his death 
occurring in Boone county in 1880, throughout 

sUCC/frf/rSr / , 




his long and useful life having followed the 
teachings of his noble parents. 

While John and Elizabeth (Spence) Pitman 
were still residents of the Empire state their son 
John Spence was born in New York City August 
8, 1845. He was a lad of about twelve years 
when his parents settled in Cedar county, Iowa, 
and it might be said with truth that his life really 
began from this period, for after attending school 
for a time he began to provide for his own sup- 
port by working as a farm hand on the near by 
farms. The firing on Fort Sumter aroused his 
patriotic zeal to take a hand in quelling the dis- 
turbance which that shot created, but it was not 
until the following year, when he was seventeen 
years old, that he finally enlisted in the service. 
As a member of Company B, Twenty-fourth 
Iowa Infantry, under command of Col. E. C. 
Byarri, he went with his regiment to the front, 
participating in many of the hard-fought battles 
of the war. At the battle of Winchester, Sep- 
tember 19, 1864. he suffered the penalty of his 
patriotism, receiving a gun-shot wound that 
disabled him from further service, and from then 
until his discharge, in January, 1865, he was con- 
fined in the hospital. 

As soon as his health would permit after he 
had spent some time in recuperating, having in 
the mean time returned to his Iowa home, he 
took up his studies once more, taking up a course 
in Mount Vernon College. Upon leaving col- 
lege he went to Boone county and accepted a 
position as deputy recorder under A. J. Barklev, 
an office which he held for three years and two 
months, at the expiration of this time going- into 
the mercantile business in partnership with W. C. 
Budrow, under the firm name of Budrow & Pit- 
man. Two years later this partnership was dis- 
solved, Mr. Pitman thereafter carrying on a simi- 
lar business alone in Ogden, Iowa, for a number 
of years, and at the same time served as post- 
master for twelve vears. 

Disposing of his interests in Iowa in 1889 Mr. 
Pitman came during the same year to California, 
locating in Santa Ana, and remained there for 
three years and a half, during which time he 
served as deputy county recorder and was elected 
a member of the board of city trustees, which 
he resigned to come to Los Angeles. The family- 
home at No. 1330 Wright street was graciously 

presided over by his wife until her death, which 
occurred May 1, 1906. Prior to her marriage 
in 1868 she was Sarah A. Brown, a native of 
Pennsylvania and a daughter of Thomas and 
Esther Brown. Her grandfather Gregg was a 
major in the Revolutionary war. Various mem- 
bers of the Gregg family have been prominent 
in the political life of Pennsylvania from the 
early days of that commonwealth. The only 
daughter born of this marriage, Mary E. Dennis, 
is a well-known physician of this city, while the 
only son, Homer K., is pastor of the Presbyterian 
Church at Modesto, Cal. Mr. Pitman built the 
United Brethren Church at the corner of Hope 
and Pico streets and for four years served as its 
pastor. In 1897 ne was elected by the annual con- 
ference of the church as the superintendent of 
their churches of the state, serving four years. 
He resigned in the fall of 1900 and removed to 
Catalina, where for three years he carried on a 
mercantile business. Selling out he returned to 
Los Angeles and for two years lived retired. 
Since 1905 he has been serving as secretary and 
treasurer of the Eldorado Consolidated mines, in 
which he is a heavy stockholder, the company 
having thirty-four claims in Riverside county 
which are being rapidly developed. 

Politically he is a Republican, and active in the 
workings of the party. He served for one term 
as a member of the school board from the Fourth 
ward. Fraternally he is a member of the Masonic 
body at Los Angeles, and is also identified with 
Stanton Post, G. A. R. 

WILLIAM J. McCALDIN. A compara- 
tively brief time in the life of William J. Mc- 
Caldin was passed as a citizen of Pasadena, 
yet he is remembered by early residents of that 
city as an upbuilder and a progressive spirit 
which added no little toward the advancement 
and development of this section of Southern 
California. The exigencies of an eastern cli- 
mate forced him to leave the scenes of his 
business activities and the success which had 
always accompanied his efforts enabled him 
to bring with him to Southern California a 
fortune which was at once invested in real 
estate, and its consequent improvement and 
development gave to Mr. McCaldin a place 



among the citizens whose work contributed 
toward the permanent prosperity of the city. 

.Mr. McCaldin benefited by an inheritance 
of the sterling traits of character which were 
noticeable features in his successful career, 
being the descendant of a Scotch-Irish family 
of worth and ability. He was born in Belfast, 
Ireland, in 1847, a son of William and Sarah 
(Bell) McCaldin, natives respectively of Ire- 
land and Scotland; the father died at the age 
of thirty-seven years, while the mother at- 
tained the ripe age of ninety-four. They had 
five sons, of whom William J. was the first to 
come to America, the others following him 
later and engaging in business with him. He 
had received a good education through an at- 
tendance of the public schools and a college 
there, and in young manhood he sought a new 
home and wider opportunities on this side of 
the Atlantic. Soon after his arrival in New 
York City he engaged in the coal business, 
later drifting into the shipping business, when 
he began building and buying vessels, tugs and 
canal boats, and eventually working up an ex- 
tensive business in this line — used principally 
in the merchant marine trade. His interests 
were on the East river, where he owned tugs, 
canal boats and schooners used in the coal 
trade, as well as transatlantic and West Indian 
trade. He owned the South Portland for many 
years, but finally sold her to San Francisco 
parties, and this boat was afterward lost on 
the Pacific coast. Notwithstanding he was al- 
ways actively engaged in business affairs he 
was a progressive and liberal citizen in every 
respect and gave liberally of both time and 
means toward the furtherance of any plan ad- 
vanced for the betterment of his community, 
being one of the most active of the business 
men in the establishment of a produce ex- 
change in Xew York City, as well as countless 
other enterprises of public import. 

His health breaking in [885, Mr. McCaldin 
sought a milder climate, and in Southern Cali- 
fornia established his home. He was located 
for a time ill Sierra Madre Villa and then re- 
moved to Pasadena, where he invested about 
$200,000 in real estate. Here he made his 
home up to the time of his death, which oc- 
curred in 1892. He made a place for himself 

among the enterprising and progressive citi- 
zens of Pasadena and Los Angeles, and at the 
same time built up a wide circle of friends, 
w-ho appreciated him for the sterling traits of 
character always manifested in all his dealings 
with the public. He voted the Republican 
ticket, but did not aspire to official recogni- 
tion ; in religion he was a member of the Pres- 
byterian Church. Fraternally he was a Mason 
of Knight Templar degree. 

In New York City, in 1871, Mr. McCaldin 
was united in marriage with Miss Alice Ledi- 
ard, who now survives her husband. They 
had two daughters, Alice, now the wife of 
Senator H. S. G. McCartney, of Los Angeles, 
and Sarah, who died in Pasadena in 1894. Mrs. 
McCaldin is the descendant of an old French 
family, the name being originally Le Diard, 
but it was changed to its present spelling by 
her father, Charles Redmond Lediard. The 
latter was born in Bristol, England, and there 
graduated in medicine and pharmacy. At the 
age of twenty-five years he served as the 
youngest member of Parliament. Afterward 
he removed to St. Vincent's, West Indies, and 
there Mrs. McCaldin was born. He became 
the owner of a valuable estate abounding in 
forests of mahogany and rosewood, and also 
engaged in the drug business and the practice 
of dentistry in New York City, where he after- 
ward located. His death occurred in Brook- 
lyn, N. Y., in November, 1892, at the age of 
seventy-six years. He was also prominent in 
public affairs and interested in the develop- 
ment of whatever community he made his 
home, giving liberally toward this end. He 
was associated with the Masonic organization, 
having taken the thirty-second degree, and in 
religion was a member of the Episcopal 
Church. His wife was in maidenhood Mary 
Pollard, who was born in London, England, 
and died in Brooklyn. She was the daughter 
of Dr. Pollard, who died in France. Mrs. 
McCaldin was educated in the Morris Female 
Institute, of IVIorristown, N. J., after which 
she was married, and twelve years later be- 
came a resident of Southern California, where 
her home has been ever since. She is, how- 
ever, an extensive traveler, having made the 
trip across the continent twenty-three times. 


Since her husband's death she has devoted her 
time to the management of her estate and has 
displayed unusual business ability and judg- 
ment along this line. 

GIDEON TABOR STEWART, a retired citi- 
zen of Pasadena, brought with him to Southern 
California when he came here the magnificent 
record of a successful lawyer and man of affairs. 
He was born at Johnstown, N. Y., August 7, 
1824, and was named for Judge Gideon Tabor, 
his parents being Thomas Ferguson and Petreshe 
(Hill) Stewart, descendants of Scotch-Irish an- 
cestry. His father was a contractor and builder 
at Schenectady, N. Y., where his grandmother, 
Elizabeth (Ferguson) Stewart, daughter of Dr. 
Thomas Ferguson, of Stewart Town, Ireland, 
opened the first English school and academy, 
which continued under her auspices until it was 
merged in Union College. She was well edu- 
cated and a very successful teacher, among the 
pupils attracted to her instruction being Richard 
Yates, afterward governor of Illinois. Mr. Stew- 
art's mother was a daughter of the distinguished 
divine and Revolutonary patriot, Rev. Nicholas 
Hill, whose family located in Schenectady from 
Londonderry, Ireland, near the beginning of the 
eighteenth century. The maternal great-grand- 
father, Henry Hill, was a prominent citizen of 
Schenectady and a loyal patriot to the cause of 
the colonies, and because of his fearlessness in 
upholding the cause was arrested by the British 
soldiers and so cruelly tortured that he died in 
less than a year thereafter, this being about the 
commencement of the Revolution. Two of his 
sons, Nicholas and Harry, inspired by his patriot- 
ism and loyalty, enlisted in the cause of the col- 
onies, in the Second New York Regiment, and 
were with Washington at Valley Forge and 
Yorktown and remained until his army was dis- 
banded in 1783. Then, for the first time since 
leaving their home for the dangers and hard- 
ships of camp life, they returned to Schenectady, 
where Nicholas completed his studies and entered 
the Christian ministry, rounding out the years of 
a well-spent life on his beautiful farm by the 
Mohawk, opposite the city of Amsterdam, where 
he passed away at the advanced age of ninety 
years. He reared a family of children who per- 

petuated the honorable name, Nicholas Hill, Jr., 
being celebrated as the owner of the largest pri- 
vate law library in the United States as well as 
the most lucrative practice ; and John L. Hill, an 
eminent lawyer, and leading counsel for defend- 
ant in the famous Tilton vs. Beecher case. Mr. 
and Mrs. Stewart had four sons who sought the 
legal profession, while a fifth, Alexander A. Stew- 
art, was a prominent merchant of Columbus and 
during the Civil war was a government con- 
tractor, furnishing uniforms for the soldiers. He 
was a strong temperance advocate, and father of 
Rev. George B. Stewart, president of Mt. Auburn 
( N. Y. ) Theological Seminary. Of the four sons 
who studied law Merwin Hill graduated with 
honors at Union College, but died when preparing 
for the bar; James Ferguson graduated from 
Oberlin College, went with early settlers to Cali- 
fornia and was one of the oldest lawyers of San 
Francisco when he died in 1893, leaving a son 
and grandson as worthy members of the bar of 
that city ; Nicholas Hill, Jr., was both scholar and 
lawyer, and acquired fame as an educator, being 
at the head of the principal institution in the state 
of Florida, at Ouincy, where he died in 1858; 
and Gideon Tabor, of this review, completes the 

Orphaned by the death of his mother in his 
infancy, Gideon Tabor Stewart received parental 
training from his father, who placed him in Ober- 
lin Institute at an early age. However, he left 
the studies of this institution to read law in the 
office of Jairus Kennan, of Norwalk, Ohio, re- 
maining with him from the spring of 1842 for the 
period of a year, when he went to Columbus and 
entered the law office of Hon. N. H. Swayne, 
afterwards a justice of the United States su- 
preme court. Going to Florida a year and a half 
later, he spent two winters with his brother, 
Nicholas, and after returning to Norwalk he was 
admitted to the bar August 14, 1846. He became 
a partner of Jairus Kennan, with whom he prac- 
ticed for some time. January 26, 1866, he was 
admitted to practice in the supreme court of the 
United States, being at that time a resident of 
Iowa. He had located in the latter state shortly 
after the outbreak of the Civil war and there 
purchased the Dubuque Times, the only daily 
Union paper in the north half of the state at 
that time. Mr. Stewart was a stanch Union man 



and being physically disqualified for field service 
resolved to give his time and attention to interests 
which might operate in favor of the cause he 
espoused. The Confederate forces then held the 
greater part of the lower Mississippi river and 
its valley, and were fast moving in the direction 
of Dubuque, then a very important military point 
on the Mississippi river, anticipating its speedy 
capture and the reduction of Iowa to slave terri- 
torv. Dubuque county and city were in the cen- 
ter of the lead mining industry, which attracted 
there a large foreign-born element in its popu- 
lation. This, from its anti-negro antipathies, 
found no difficulty in attaching itself to the pro- 
slavery side of politics, and by its vote largely 
controlled the elections. It was therefore for 
the purpose of bringing before the minds of this 
population the true condition of affairs and not 
as stated by the radical Democrat paper of the 
place, the Dubuque Daily Herald, whose editor 
was arrested and placed in prison by the National 
government because of treasonable acts and pub- 
lications. Soon after the close of the war Mr. 
Stewart sold the Dubuque Times and its printing 
office for the same price that he bought them, 
although he had nearly doubled the paper in size 
and much increased its market value, for the rea- 
son that he wished to return to Norwalk and 
resume his law practice. Its purchaser was a 
prominent Republican and from that time it re- 
sumed its former party control. 

Returning to Norwalk in the latter part of the 
vear 1866 Mr. Stewart resumed his law practice 
and continued it successfully until December, 
1901, when by advice from his physician he came 
to Southern California. Since that year he has 
continued to make his home in Pasadena, leaving 
his business and property at Norwalk in the care 
of his sons. He is eighty-three years old, hale 
and hearty in appearance, and retaining the cheer- 
ful manner and charm of personality which have 
won him a host of friends wherever he is known. 
1 If the children born to himself and wife (who 
was formerly Abbv X". Simmons, of Greenfield, 
Huron county, where their marriage occurred in 
1857), all are living, one daughter and three sons. 
Mrs. Stewart passed away in February, 1899, at 
their home in Norwalk. 

In addition to the engrossing interests entailed 
by his large law practice, which has included 

many important cases in Ohio (the printed law 
records and briefs of his supreme court cases 
alone making four large volumes), Mr. Stewart 
has taken an active part in public affairs, both* 
state and national. He was one of the organizes 
of the first east and west railroaa through Nor- 
walk. named the Cleveland, Norwalk & Toledo 
Railroad, and which now forms a part of the main 
line of the railway from New York to Chicago. 
He was three times elected by Whigs and Free 
Soilers as auditor of Huron county, and zeal- 
ously opposed the extension of slavery. When 
news came of the influx of slaveholders and their 
slaves, with the consequent fighting and blood- 
shed, in Kansas, Mr. Stewart organized a com- 
pany of about a hundred settlers from Huron 
county, and going to the garret of the court 
house, brought down a supply of guns and equip- 
ment of the old militia training system, with con- 
sent of the commissioners, to arm the men. By 
his contribution and that obtained by him from 
others, these arms were well cleaned and re- 
paired. His deputy auditor went with the com- 
pany, their wives and. children for permanent 
settlement there. By their attitude they were 
allowed to settle there and live in peace until the 
outbreak of the Civil war. Originally Mr. Stew- 
art belonged to the old Whig party and at the 
commencement of the war he became a Repub- 
lican, but at its close passed into the Prohibition 
party, where he has ever since remained one of 
its most devoted advocates. For fifteen years 
he was a member and for four years chairman of 
its national committee, and was unanimously nom- 
inated by three state conventions of the party 
in ( )hio for president of the United States, but 
each time declined to be a candidate for that 
office. At one time he was candidate of the party 
for vice-president of the United States, was three 
times its candidate for governor of Ohio, and 
nine times its candidate for judge of the supreme 
court of the state. He was grand worthy patri- 
arch of the Sons of Temperance, and three times 
elected grand worthy chief Templar of the Good 
Templars of Ohio; and was prominent in the 
Maine law and other temperance movements. He 
was president of the Law Library Association of 
Huron county at Norwalk, and one of its organ- 
izers. He has been engaged in many business 
and commercial enterprises, in the early years of 

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his practice having edited the Norwalk Reflector, 
the Whig organ of Huron county, and was for 
several years half owner of the Toledo Blade. 
He is a life member of the American Bible So- 
ciety; has been for many years president of the 
Firelands Historical Society, of which he was 
one of the founders over forty years ago and 
which has published over three thousand pages 
of historic collections. He was one of the found- 
ers and first officers of the Whittlesey Academy 
of Arts and Sciences at Norwalk (and is its only 
surviving charter member), which has maintained 
a large library and reading room with valuable 
courses of lectures. He was also one of the 
pioneers of the Scotch-Irish Society of America 
and director of the Western Reserve Society of 
the Sons of the American Revolution, and is now 
vice-president of the California Humane Society. 
In addition to all the activities mentioned, he has 
written and published a volume of poems and 
also a historic booklet on ex-presidents John and 
John Ouincy Adams. As a speaker he is fluent 
and ready and has been called upon for many 
political speeches and numerous finished addresses 
on other subjects, during his long and useful 
life. It is something to have lived as Mr. Stew- 
art has done ; to have steadily and conscientiously 
erected the structure which indicates his aims 
and purposes in life; to have won success finan- 
cially and in the eyes of his fellowmen ; and with 
all to have retained to the evening of his days 
the personality which has distinguished him in 
bis career. 

JOHN H. JONES. One of the most es- 
teemed and helpful citizens of Los Angeles 
was the late John H. Jones, who as a pioneer 
of the state of California and an early settler 
of this city gave liberally of time and means 
toward its upbuilding and development. Mr. 
Jones was the son of an Englishman, and was 
born in Greenbush, N. Y., March 31, 1834; his 
parents, James and Sarah (Olds) Jones, grew 
to maturity in England, where they married 
and acquired a competency which enabled 
them to retire from active business pursuits 
on coming to America. Their two other chil- 
dren, a son and daughter, were both born in 
England, and both died when past middle age. 

James Jones died in Massachusetts, where he 
bad made his home in retirement, typical of 
the best in an English gentleman's life; held 
in high esteem by those who knew him best, 
for the sterling traits of character which dis- 
tinguished his citizenship. 

John H. Jones was but a lad in years when 
he lost his father, his early training thus de- 
volving upon the mother, who gave to him 
by inheritance and precept the unswerving 
principles which were always his most notice- 
able characteristics in both public and private 
life. He received his early education in the 
public schools of Massachusetts, and in. that 
state spent the first years of his manhood. 
Shortly after his marriage he decided to seek 
his fortune in California, the land of his boy- 
hood's dreams, and accordingly took passage 
on a vessel commanded by a friend of his. 
This brought to the Pacific coast a cargo of 
goods via Cape Horn. The journey was made 
in safety, and soon after his arrival Mr. Jones 
found employment as a clerk in Los Angeles. 
Later he went to Santa Barbara and engaged 
extensively in trading, and at the same time 
began to speculate in lands. Considerable of 
the down-town property of Los Angeles was 
owned by Mr. Jones at one time, his first 
home being at the corner of Fifth and Main 
streets, where he lived for more than twenty- 
eight years, while he also lived for a brief 
time on Broadway, between First and Second 
streets. He had the utmost confidence in the 
future possibilities of the city of Los Angeles 
and indeed of all Southern California, and the 
greater part of the property that he purchased 
was at once improved under his direction, 
Chester block being erected by him, also two 
flat buildings on Ottawa street and one on 
Twenty-seventh street. At the time of his 
death he had under construction a large ware- 
house on Los Angeles and Fifth streets. He 
was very successful in his business ventures 
and acquired a large fortune, but despite the 
affluence and its consequent influence which 
came to him, he remained ever the same ge- 
nial, helpful friend to his associates, the same 
practical and liberal citizen, the simple, kindly, 
courteous gentleman which was his due 
through inheritance and training. He was lib- 

71 Ml 


eral but unostentatious in his giving, the Golden 
Rule remaining his maxim throughout his en- 
tire life. In politics he was a Republican, and 
as a member of the city council for one term 
he was a power for the advancement of the 
city's interests. His death occurred suddenly 
at his home, No. 258 East Adams street, Feb- 
ruary 12, 1903. removing a citizen who had 
won the high position he held in the esteem of 
his fellow townsmen, and who left behind him 
a record of quiet, honest and earnest integrity 
which has placed his name on the roll of hon- 
ored pioneers of the city. 

Mr. Jones* wife was formerly Miss Carrie 
M. Otis, a native of Massachusetts and a 
daughter of the Boston family of that name. 
She was reared in her native state and edu- 
cated in its schools, after which, November 24, 
1854, she was united in marriage with Mr. 
Jones. She remained in Massachusetts when 
her husband came to California, joining him 
in 1858, making the journey by the Isthmus 
of Panama and the trip from San Pedro to Los 
Angeles was made by stage. It may be- imag- 
ined that the little pueblo with its adobe 
houses and its uncivilized, foreign appearance 
struck the Boston-bred girl unpleasantly and 
did not speak eloquently of the pleasures of 
her future home. In the years that followed 
she made many trips back to the eastern home, 
being a passenger on one of the first trains 
eastward after the completion of the transcon- 
tinental railroad. However, she too became 
imbued with the future greatness of the coun- 
try and has come to love the sunny skies of 
Southern California, where she still makes her 
home. She has developed business ability 
which has enabled her to look after her own 
affairs in an efficient manner, and her judic- 
ious management has resulted in a material 
increase of the property left her by her hus- 
band. Like her husband, she is liberal and 
public spirited, and like him also is unosten- 
tatious in her giving, although her name can- 
not but be associated with many charitable en- 
terprises. Sin- assisted in building the first 
Episcopal Church on Temple street and was 
associated with the early-day leaders in ben- 
evolences. She is a Unitarian in her church 
affiliations. Recently she gave to the Young 

Women's Christian Association the sum of 
$20,000 to assist in the erection of their new 
home building, and in numberless other enter- 
prises of similar character she has been and is 
likewise interested. She takes a keen inter- 
est in the development and upbuilding of Los 
Angeles, and is always found foremost among 
the citizens who are seeking to promote the 
general welfare. Among her holdings mention 
may be made of the three valuable corner 
properties located as follows : two on Fifth 
and Spring and one on Fifth and Main streets, 
which she has leased for a term of vears. 

RALPH HAGAN, M. D. The medical pro- 
fession in Los Angeles has many members who 
have achieved prominence in their chosen field of 
labor, and of these the subject of this sketch is 
one of the foremost. In the prime of life, he 
possesses that enthusiasm, energy and vitality 
which are essential to the highest success, and 
being an earnest student, his mind is ever open 
to conviction and progress. He is a son of Mar- 
tin Hagan, M. D., who was born in Tuscarawas 
county, Ohio, in 1832, and in that state grew to 
manhood. During young manhood he prepared 
himself for the medical profession by taking a 
course in Starling Medical College at Columbus, 
Ohio, and soon after his graduation therefrom 
became assistant surgeon in the One Hundred 
and Fifty-first Ohio Regiment, and was later 
made surgeon of the Sixty-first Ohio Regiment. 
The war ended, he returned to his home in Tus- 
carawas county, where for two terms he served 
as county treasurer. At the end of this public 
service he once more resumed his medical studies, 
taking -a course in the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons in New York City. Having obtained 
the degree of M. D. in the latter institution he 
located in St. Paul, Minn., for the practice of 
Ins profession, building up a fine private practice, 
in addition to acting in the capacity of surgeon 
for several railroads in that city. The severe 
strain of constant application soon began to tell 
on his own health and in 1 881 he took a trip to 
Honolulu, intending to remain one year. So 
pleased was he with the salubrious climate of 
that country that he was loath to leave, and the 
one vear lengthened into three. During this time 

Pla^Jt U x 



71 k; 

he had not been idle, but on the other hand 
found considerable opportunity to practice his 
profession, having been appointed physician to 
the insane, and also acting as physician to the 
royal family. 

Upon leaving the island in 1884. instead of re- 
turning to Minnesota, Dr. Hagan located in Los 
Angeles, where for about thirteen years he car- 
ried on a lucrative practice. He gave this up 
however in 1897, from that time until his death, 
in 1902, when in his sixty-ninth year, living re- 
tired. During his residence here he served as 
health officer several years and was also county 
physician for some time. Prominent in Grand 
Army and Masonic circles, he was also well 
known in Republican gatherings, but in none of 
these was he more interested than in the medical 
societies to which he belonged, and in all of which 
his opinion and judgment had great weight. His 
marriage united him with Rose Armstrong, who 
was born in Port Washington, Ohio, a daughter 
of William Armstrong, one of the most promi- 
nent merchants in the latter city. Mrs. Hagan 
is still living and makes her home in Los An- 

Of the three children who originally comprised 
the parental family two are living, and of these 
Ralph Hagan is the youngest. Porn in St. Paul, 
Minn., May 13, 1872, he was there reared and 
educated until he was nine years old. when with 
his parents he spent three vears in Honolulu. 
Upon coming to Los Angeles in 1884 he resumed 
his studies in the public schools of this city, fol- 
lowing this training by taking a high school 
course. Supplemented by a careful and thought- 
ful observation of the practice of medicine as fol- 
lowed by his talented father this preparation 
well fitted him to become a pupil in the medical 
department of the University of California, which 
he entered in 1892, and from which he gradu- 
ated in 1895. For one year thereafter he acted 
as house surgeon in the Los Angeles county hos- 
pital, giving this up to fill his appointment as 
police surgeon, a position which he held from 
January, 1897, until January, 1901. Since the 
latter date he has given his attention almost ex- 
clusively to his private practice, making a spe- 
cialty of surgery, and is also on the staff of 
physicians in charge of the Pacific hospital, the 
Sisters' hospital, and Los Angeles Hospital, be- 

sides which he acts as medical director of the 
Los Angeles Life Association and examiner 
for several fraternal societies. 

Dr. Hagan's home at No. 758 Lake street is 
presided over by his wife, to whom he was mar- 
ried in Los Angeles in 1897. am ' wno was i° r ~ 
merly Mamie A. Berke. a native of Faribault, 
Minn. Her father. Ferdinand Berke, who par- 
ticipated in the Civil war. died in Los Angeles 
in 1902. While professionally Dr. Hagan is a 
very busy man. he yet finds time for relaxation, 
and indeed he considers it a necessity to his well- 
being, thoroughly believing in the saying that 
"All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy." 
For two years he was secretary of the Los An- 
geles Driving Club, of which he is still a member. 
His love for man's best friend, the horse, is one 
of his strongest characteristics, and he owns a 
number of fine animals. His fraternal associa- 
tions are numerous and include membership in 
the Woodmen of the World. Knights of the Mac- 
cabees, Red Men, Eagles and Benevolent Pro- 
tective Order of Elks. His membership in the 
last-mentioned order is in Lodge No. 99, at Los 
Angeles, of which he is past exalted ruler, and 
now has charge of the southern jurisdiction of 
California m the capacity of district deputy grand 
exalted ruler. Politically he allies himself with 
the Republican party, and in the interest of good 
citizenship is a member of the board of police 
commissioners of this city. Taken all in all. Dr. 
Hagan is a man of the times, progressive and 
public-spirited, helpful to his city, and one whom 
it is a pleasure and honor to know. 

COL. FRANK M. CHAPMAN, of Covina, 
Cal.. is a native of Illinois, having been born 
in Macomb, McDonough county, in that state, 
on the first day of the year 1849. He is the eld- 
est of a large family of children born to Sid- 
ney S. and Rebecca Jane Chapman. His fa- 
ther was born in Ashtabula county. Ohio, in 
1826, and was a descendant of one of three 
brothers who came from England to Massa- 
chusetts about 1650. He came to Macomb 
when a young man and in 1848 was united in 
marriage with Rebecca Jane Clarke, the eld- 
est daughter of David and Eliza (Russell) 
Clarke, natives of Kentucky and early pioneers 



of central Illinois. Colonel Chapman's boy- 
hood was passed at Macomb. There he attended 
the common schools ami engaged in various 
occupations until he answered the last call 
made by President Lincoln for soldiers. He 
enlisted in Company C. One Hundred and 
Thirty-seventh Illinois Infantry. Though a 
mere boy in years he was accepted and with 
his regiment went south, where he remained 
until after the close of the war, when he was 
honorably discharged. 

Upon his return home our subject engaged 
at clerking in a store until 1868, when he went 
to the neighboring town of Vermont and en- 
gaged in business for himself. After the fire 
in Chicago in 1871, there being a great de- 
mand for bricklayers in that city, and having 
learned that trade with his father, who was a 
builder, lie went there and for a while was 
foreman for a large building firm. For a while 
he engaged in building and contracting in that 
city for himself, when he again drifted into 
mercantile life. This he followed with vary- 
ing success until he began the study of medi- 
cine. He entered Bennett Medical College, 
Chicago, and was graduated with the class of 
1877. The following year Mr. Chapman, with 
his brother Charles C. embarked in the pub- 
lishing business. Prosperity attended this en- 
terprise and the business grew until Chapman 
Brothers (as the firm was known) erected their 
own building and owned a large printing plant 
in Chicago. For many years the firm did an 
extensive and prosperous printing and publish- 
ing business, and at the same time engaged 
extensively in the real estate business, and also 
erecterl many large buildings in Chicago. 

On the second day of December, 1894, 
Colonel Chapman, with his family, landed in 
California, taking up his residence in Los An- 
geles, lb-re he lived for a year, when he re- 
moved to Palmetto Ranch, at Covina, at which 
place he is extensively engaged in orange 
growing. Since taking up his residence here 
he has been identified with almost every local 
enterprise inaugurated by its people, and is 
regarded a- one of the substantial and highly 
respected citizens of the community. 

Colonel Chapman was united in marriage 
with Miss Wilhelmina Zillen, September 9. 

1886. To them have been born four children: 
Frank M.. Jr.. born at Chicago. 111.. July 17. 
1888; Grant, also at Chicago, June 11. 1891 ; 
Grace, born in Los Angeles, October 18, 1895: 
and Clarke, born at Covina, February 21, 1898. 
Mrs. Chapman was born in Friedrichstadt, 
Schleswig-Holstein, German}-, July 2, 1861. 
She is the daughter of Wilhelm Ferdinand and 
Louise (Fencke) Zillen. and came with her fa- 
ther to the United States in 1866. 

Politically Colonel Chapman has been a life 
long Republican and has taken more or less 
active part in politics. He has been a dele- 
gate to many conventions. He represented the 
twenty-fifth ward in the city council of Chi- 
cago, and while chairman of the committee 
on railroads he was author of the ordinance 
demanding the elevating of steam railways, 
thereby doing away with grade crossings. 

The subject of our sketch was appointed 
lieutenant-colonel of the National Guards by 
Governor Henry Gage, and reappointed by 
Governor George C. Pardee, and Governor 
James N. Gillette, having served on the staff of 
these three governors. 

Colonel Chapman and family are members 
of the Christian Church, and not only take an 
active part in church work, but are identified 
with every movement for the betterment of 
their communitv. 

age of the Jones family is traced to Wales, 
whence the first of the name in America 
crossed the ocean to Virginia during the colonial 
period of our nation's history. Among the de- 
scendants of this immigrant was Thomas Jones, 
the grandfather of Captain Jones, who among 
other children reared a son John on the old Vir- 
ginia plantation. Following the traditions of his 
predecessors he too became a large land holder, 
at one time owning six hundred acres well 
stocked with cattle, horses and mules, in the 
raising of which and in the care of his large prop- 
erty he kept a large number of slaves. The pro- 
verbial southern hospitality had been meted out 
to him in generous measure, to the end that he 
was known far and wide and had friends and ac- 




quaintances innumerable. Throughout his ma- 
ture life he enjoyed the close companionship and 
sympathetic co-operation of his wife, who prior 
to her marriage was Mary Booker, she like him- 
self being a descendant of Welsh ancestors. 

Among the seventeen children born into the 
home of John and Mary (Booker) Jones was J. 
Pembroke, born on the Virginia plantation near 
Hampton, February 28, 1825. Every advantage 
for his care and training was bestowed upon him 
with a generous hand by his parents, and for 
nine years he received instruction from the same 
private tutor. Thereafter he prepared for entry 
into William and Mary College, a non-sectarian 
educational institution in Williamsburg, Va., 
founded in 1693. He pursued his studies in that 
institution for some time, and upon leaving col- 
lege in 1842 entered the navy and went to sea, 
where he received his nautical training. Before 
he was twenty-one years of age he had circled 
the globe. In the meantime war had been de- 
clared and waged between Mexico and the United 
States and he was one of the navy officers who 
participated in that struggle. He graduated from 
the naval academy where he received his promo- 
tion and from that time served in the navy until 
the cloud of the Civil war spread its blighting 
gloom over both north and south. Loyal to the 
section of country which was his own home as 
well as that of innumerable ancestors in times 
past he returned to the south in her hour of need 
and engaged in the service, having command of 
various ships, besides at one time having com- 
mand of the torpedo defenses. Following the 
war he engaged in the mercantile marine serv- 
ice, after which he accepted the chair of mathe- 
matics in the University of Georgia. Subsequent- 
ly he gave up that position to take up farming 
in Fauquier county, Va., where he remained 
seven years, when he was selected by the South 
American government to take charge of their 
torpedo defenses, his fame having preceded him. 
After spending two years in Argentine he re- 
turned to Virginia and in Albemarle county re- 
sumed agricultural operations, following this for 
about six years. 

It was during this time that Mr. Jones' life 
was saddened by the death of his wife, who was 
formerly Mary Willis. One son, Pembroke, was 
born of this marriage ; he is now a well-to-do 

resident of New York City. After the death of 
his wife Captain Jones traveled for a time, visit- 
ing many of the southern countries. The present 
wife of Captain Jones was formerly Miss Geor- 
gia Newton, of Norfolk, Va., and together they 
are spending their declining years amid happy 
surroundings in Pasadena, having a palatial resi- 
dence at No. 127 North Madison avenue. Though 
in his eighty-second year Captain Jones enjoys 
a fair degree of health and it is the wish of his 
friends that he may be spared to them for many 
years. The reputation of the south for hospitali- 
ty is sustained in his home. Hosts of friends 
testify to his unfailing cordiality, genial tempera- 
ment and broadminded fellowship, while temper- 
ate habits, lofty principles of honor and keen 
sagacity have united to form a personality of re- 
markable strength and power. He is next to the 
oldest graduate of the naval academy, now living. 

M. D. There are few physicians in Los An- 
geles county who have enjoyed greater oppor- 
tunities for medical research, both at home and 
abroad, than has Dr. Pottenger, and few who 
have obtained a greater degree of success in 
the accomplishment of his undertakings, 
namely, the mastery of a new field of scien- 
tific investigation and its practical application. 
Dr. Pottenger's work in the field of tubercu- 
losis has been that of a pioneer on the western 
coast. His establishment of the Pottenger 
Sanatorium for Diseases of the Lungs and 
Throat conducted on ethical lines, his efforts 
to arouse interest in the prevention of tuber- 
culosis throughout the state by organization 
and teaching, his numerous contributions to 
various medical journals in the scientific in- 
terest of this cause, have rendered him well 
known as a leader in this great work not only 
on the Pacific coast, but throughout the United 
States, and his name is not unknown in for- 
eign countries. His writings on tuberculosis 
have often been quoted in the continental 
medical journals, and through his writings and 
his travels he has become known to and made 
acquaintance with many of the world's lead- 
ing men who are interested in tuberculosis. 

The records of the Pottenger family show 



it to be of English origin, the first representa- 
tive on American soil coming over at the time 
Cecil Calvert made the journey and settling in 
Maryland. It became one of the substantial 
families in the vicinity of Baltimore, flourish- 
ing there for many generations. Later on we 
find a branch of the Pottenger family among 
the early pioneers of Hamilton county, Ohio, 
where they developed large farming interests 
and started a settlement which they named 
New Baltimore. Thomas Pottenger, the father 
of Dr. Pottenger. was born there and in after 
life engaged in farming near this place. With 
true patriotic zeal, at the time of his country's 
need, he abandoned his own interests to serve 
in the northern army, becoming a member of 
the One Hundred and Thirty-ninth Ohio Vol- 
unteer Infantry. After the war he returned 
to his former peaceful pursuits and carried on 
his farm for many years. As on the paternal 
side, so on the maternal side the doctor is of 
English lineage, being a descendant of Crom- 
well. His mother, Hannah Ellen Sater. was 
also born at New Baltimore, and in honor of 
her familv when the government established 
a postoffice at New Baltimore, the name of 
Sater was given to it. The children resulting 
from this union are all living: two married 
daughters, Nellie M. Fonts and Elda P. Scheer- 
ing, residing in Indiana and Ohio respectively ; 
three sons, Milton Spenser, a graduate of the 
literary department of Otterbein University 
(Westerville, Ohio), a practicing attorney in 
Cincinnati : Francis Marion, the subject of 
this biography ; and Joseph Elbert, who after 
graduating from the University of Southern 
California in both academic and medical de- 
partments, continued his medical studies 
abroad, and is now associated with his brother 
in the Pottenger Sanatorium at Monrovia. 
Both parents are still living and make their 
home with their sons at Monrovia. 

Dr. Pottenger was born near New Balti- 
more, Hamilton county, Ohio, September 27, 
[869. A farmer's son, his education was be- 
gun in the district schools of his own neigh- 
borhood. Later on he attended Otterbein Uni- 
versity, and graduated from the academic de- 
partment in [892 with the degree of Ph. B. In 
1804 he graduated from the Cincinnati Col- 

lege of Medicine and Surgery, receiving the 
degree of M. D., and also the gold medal for 
highest standing in his class. Immediately 
following his graduation from the Cincinnati 
College of Medicine and Surgery he married 
Carrie Burtner. whom he first became ac- 
quainted with while both were students and 
class-mates at Otterbein University, and ac- 
companied by her he spent nearly a year in 
graduate work in Vienna, Berlin, Munich and 
London. Thereafter he returned to Hamil- 
ton county. Ohio, taking up the practice of 
medicine in Norwood, a suburb of Cincinnati. 
Soon afterward he was appointed assistant to 
the chair of surgery in his alma mater, the 
Cincinnati College of Medicine and Surgery. 
Owing to the ill-health of his wife Dr. Pot- 
tenger came to the west in 1895 in the hope 
that under the sunny skies of California she 
might regain her normal strength and vigor. 
After remaining in Monrovia for eighteen 
months, however, during which time every- 
thing possible was done for her recovery, he 
finally returned with her to Germantown, 
Ohio, her childhood home, and there her death 
occurred two years later. During the two 
years spent in Germantown Dr. Pottenger 
temporarily gave up the practice of medicine 
and devoted his time to the care of his wife 
and the study of tuberculosis. In his spare 
moments, however, he interested himself in 
history and political economy, and obtained 
from Otterbein University by the presenta- 
tion of a thesis dealing with certain phases of 
the tariff question, his degree of Master of 
Philosophy which was later changed to that 
of Master of Arts (1905). After the death of 
his wife Dr. Pottenger returned to Monrovia 
and again took up the practice of medicine, 
giving special attention to diseases of the nose, 
throat and chest. For the purpose of more 
thorough training along these lines he returned 
east the following year, and for some time did 
graduate work in New York and other eastern 
cities. Returning to Monrovia once mure he 
again took up his practice there, and in Octo- 
ber, 1901, he established an office in Los An- 
geles, limiting his practice to diseases of the 
chest, being the first physician on the western 
coast to limit his practice to this special line. 



At this writing he has an office in the O. T. 
Johnson building. 

On the 29th of August, 1900. Dr. Pottenger 
married Adelaide Gertrude Babbit, a native of 
Keeseville, X. Y.. a graduate of the State Uni- 
versity of Vermont, and teacher of Greek and 
Latin in the Monrovia high school at the time 
they first met. Two children have been burn 
to them. Francis Marion, Jr.. and Robert 

It was in 1903 that Dr. Pottenger inaugur- 
ated the plans for his sanatorium for the treat- 
ment of lungs and throat. The beginning was 
small, showing accommodation for only eleven 
patients, but in three short years it has grown 
to be the largest private sanatorium for tuber- 
culosis in the United States, far exceeding the 
founder's most sanguine expectations. It now 
furnishes accommodations for ninety patients, 
but even this capacity has been outgrown as 
is shown by the long waiting list. 

The sanatorium is located in a natural park 
of forty acres which occupies an eminence 
above the city of Monrovia in the foothills of 
the Sierra Madre mountains, and which com- 
mands an extensive view of the San Gabriel 
valley with its world-famed orange groves. 
The buildings are so constructed that the pa- 
tients' rooms face the south with bay window- 
frontage, and in addition to the main buildings 
there are numerous tent houses and bungalows 
for the accommodation of patients. The build- 
ings are equipped with all modern conven- 
iences, such as steam heat and electric light, 
and the kitchen is thoroughly up-to-date, being 
equipped for steam cooking and sterilizing of 
dishes. The purest of water is supplied from 
springs in the near-by mountains. In March, 
1905, Dr. Pottenger incorporated the institu- 
tion under the name of the Pottenger Sanato- 
rium for Diseases of the Lungs and Throat. 

During the year 1905 Dr. Pottenger was 
sent as a delegate from California to the Inter- 
national Tuberculosis Congress which met in 
Paris October 2 to 7. While abroad he con- 
tinued his studies and investigations along the 
line of his specialty, visiting for this purpose 
the leading sanatoria of Germany, Switzerland, 
Austria, Belgium, France and England, and 

meeting many of the recognized authorities on 
tuberculosis in the world. 

The scientific work which Dr. Pottenger has 
accomplished, together with his contributions 
to the literature of tuberculosis, has made him 
a recognized authority on the subject of dis- 
eases of the lungs and throat. He also enjoys 
the honor of being the author of the movement 
for the prevention of tuberculosis in California, 
his interest in the subject resulting in the or- 
ganization of the Southern California Anti- 
Tuberculosis League in 1903. of which he 
served as president until 1906. He is chief of 
the medical staff of the Helping Station of the 
Southern California Anti-Tuberculosis League, 
and is professor of clinical medicine in the 
University of Southern California, delivering 
a course of lectures on the subject of tubercu- 
losis. His love of and devotion to his profes- 
sion are shown by his activity in the various 
Ideal and national medical societies. He holds 
membership in the following: American Med- 
ical Association. American Climatological As- 
sociation, American Academy of Medicine, 
American Therapeutic Society, the National 
Society for the Study and Prevention of Tu- 
berculosis, Medical Society of the State of 
California, the Los Angeles County Medical 
Society, Southern California Medical Society, 
the Los Angeles Clinical and Pathological So- 
ciety, and the Los Angeles Academy of Medi- 
cine, of which he is ex-president. He is also 
founder and ex-president of the Southern 
California Anti-Tuberculosis League, and is a 
corresponding member of the International 
Central Bureau for the Prevention of Tubercu- 

Although deeply interested in medical pur- 
suits this does not exclude him from other in- 
terests. He is connected with various busi- 
ness enterprises, among other things being a 
director of the American National Bank of 
Monrovia. Tn his religious belief Dr. Potten- 
ger is a Unitarian. The only social club to 
which he belongs is the University Club of 
Los Angeles. Politically he is independent, 
not being an adherent of either of the political 
parties, although this must not be construed 
as indicating a lack of interest in the welfare 
of his nation or municipality. On the other 



hand he takes a keen interest in questions of 
political, social and historical interest. He 
holds membership in the American Academy 
of Political and Social Science, in the Califor- 
nia State Society for Charities and Correc- 
tions, also in the Southwest Society, a branch 
of the Archaeological Society of America. In 
his own town he has served as city council- 
man. He can always be counted on to assist 
any movement for the betterment of the com- 

In this review of the life and work of Dr. 
Pottenger it will be seen that he is a man of 
deep research and careful investigation and is 
eminently gifted with the capabilities of mind 
which are indispensable to the success of a 
physician. Personally he is a pleasant, genial, 
kindly man, of high social qualities, and much 
beloved by his patients and associates, and 
highly respected by the medical profession and 
an extensive circle of friends. 

JACOB JEPSEN. The business life of Los 
Angeles received a vital stimulus when Mr. Jep- 
sen established the nucleus of the present flour- 
ishing business now being carried on by his sons. 
When he came tn this city in 1891 he started in 
business in an unpretentious way, but year by 
year added to his stock and enlarged his quar- 
ters until at the time of his death, December 12, 
1895, he commanded one of the largest retail 
and wholesale harness and saddlery establish- 
ments in the city. Since his death the business 
has been continued, first under the name of the 
Jepsen Saddlery Company, and now as the Main- 
W'inchester-Jepsen Company. Throughout its 
existence the business founded by the elder Mr. 
Jepsen has been synonymous with square deal- 
ings and honest goods. The establishment of a 
prosperous business was but one of the accom- 
plishments of Mr. Jepsen's life, for in the quiet 
routine of his daily duties he was unconsciously 
rearing a monument to his name in the many 
1 kindness rendered to the less fortunate, 
lending encouragement to the discouraged, in 
fact, impoverishing himself that his fellow-man 
might not lack creature comforts if it lay in his 
power to supply them. 

Jacob Jepsen was the representative of a fine 

old Danish family, and his father, also Jacob 
Jepsen, was well known in the vicinity of Hover, 
Denmark, as a manufacturer of harness and 
saddles. Before her marriage the mother was a 
Miss Mommsen, she being closely related to the 
noted historian of that name. Of the children 
born into the parental family three became resi- 
dents of the United States, Jacob and Fred, the 
latter formerly a resident of Yonkers, N. Y., 
now of Santa Monica, Cal, and Marie, Mrs. 
Adam Miller, who lived for many years in San 
Francisco and died in 1901. Jacob was born in 
Hoyer, Denmark, January 25, 1838, and grew 
up to a sturdy manhood under native skies. As 
his parents were fairly well-to-do he received 
good educational advantages. After his school 
days were over he became an apprentice under 
his father, learning the saddlery business in all 
of its details. As a member of the Danish army 
he served in the Schleswig-Holstein war, where 
he became known as one of the best shots in the 
Danish army. 

It was about the year 1866 that Mr. Jepsen 
left the familiar scenes of his native land and 
embarked for Australia, settling in Brisbane, 
Queensland. It was not long afterward, in the 
same year in fact, that he formed domestic ties 
by his marriage with Miss Emma A. Goeldner, 
who though a resident of Australia was a native 
of Geipsdorf, near Berlin, Germany. She was 
a daughter of Carl Goeldner, a well-known busi- 
ness man of Geipsdorf, who became one of the 
earlv German settlers of Queensland, whither he 
went to follow mining at the time of the rush 
to Ballarat. After continuing at mining for 
some time he gave it up and settled down to the 
peaceful life of farmer and cattle-raiser. His 
marriage united him with Eleanor Arlt, who 
was born in Geipsdorf, Germany, and who died 
in that country prior to the removal of the hus- 
band and children to Australia. 

Of the two children born to Air. and Mrs. 
Goeldner Mrs. Jepsen was the eldest. She went 
to Australia with her father and sister in the 
sailing vessel Diana, going around Cape Horn, 
and during the six months they were en route 
they saw England, Ireland and Brazil, putting 
in at Bahia, where for a time they enjoyed the 
beautiful tropical climate of that country. The 
only cloud over the otherwise pleasant visit was 

Al'MtCtTT^^ ^Jfa ' cYk 


71 :: 

the sight of slavery, which was still in vogiie. 
On their arrival at Brisbane it was necessary to 
travel inland through the camps of the black 
natives in order to get to the German station 
or missionary settlement which had been estab- 
lished by Queen Augusta. The year following 
their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Jepsen with her 
sister, Auguste (later Mrs. John Menzel) came 
to San Francisco. On the trip from Sydney to 
San Francisco they came on the sailing vessel 
San Juan, landing at their destination after a 
voyage of three months. This boat went down 
on the return trip, but fortunately the passengers 
were all saved. Mr. Jepsen's first impression of 
San Francisco was not altogether pleasing, in 
fact more than once he regretted that they had 
ever left Australia. Mrs. Jepsen distinctly re- 
calls the family migrations, for at the time she 
left her native land for Australia she was a child 
of thirteen years and a half. 

After carrying on a successful saddlery busi- 
ness in San Francisco and Oakland for a time 
Mr. Jepsen removed his home and business in- 
terests to Napa, continuing there for fourteen 
years, or until 1891, which year witnessed his 
removal to Los Angeles, and the establishment 
of the business that now bears his name, as pre- 
viously mentioned. From the modest beginning 
that was started on the bay has since grown one 
of the largest wholesale and retail harness and 
saddlery establishments on the Pacific coast, and 
altogether they own and manage several large 
stores. Since the death of Mr. Jepsen the busi- 
ness has been conducted by his sons, Jacob and 
Carl, who inherit their father's business acumen, 
and in continuing his wise policy and methods 
are meeting with great success. 

Six children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Jep- 
sen : Jacob, Carl, George, Esther, Edward, and 
Emma ; the two last mentioned are deceased. 
Mrs. Jepsen is an active member of the Emanuel 
Presbyterian Church, as was also Mr. Jepsen. 
His religion was a part of his daily life and per- 
meated every thought and act. None appealed 
to him in vain for sympathy and help, and both 
were given with a lavish hand. He thoroughly 
believed in a practical religion and exemplified 
this belief in his daily life. Fraternally he was 
identified with the Masons, the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, and the Ancient Order 

of United Workmen, for many years being the 
local head of the latter body. In all of his phil- 
anthropical work Mr. Jepsen had the cheerful 
co-operation of his wife, who is loved and re- 
vered for the noble qualities of her character. 

growth of a city, no factor is more potent than 
its street railways. Outlying tracts of fine 
land, commanding sweeping vistas of mount- 
ain, valley and ocean remain ranch property, 
or lie in fallow fields until touched by a car 
line, when there soon follows a speedy trans- 
formation into graded streets, green lawns, 
spacious grounds and all that goes to make a 
desirable residence district and the ranch land 
becomes valuable suburban real estate. No- 
where has there been a more striking illustra- 
tion of this statement than in Los Angeles, 
with its almost unprecedented growth and the 
rapid expansion of its boundary lines, owing 
unquestionably in a large measure to its splen- 
didly equipped electric railway lines. 

The impetus to improved street car service 
in this city was given by the late William S. 
Hook, when he, in company with his brother, 
Thomas J. Hook, obtained franchises and con- 
structed the traction car system, with its hand- 
some coaches and superior equipment. The 
traction lines ran through the southwestern 
part of the city, which had been previously 
scantily supplied with transportation facilities 
and was so sparsely settled that only a far- 
seeing business acumen would have ventured 
on such an outlay of capital. Mr. Hook's 
foresight was justified by the results ; for the 
growth that followed in the southwest, in 
sightly residence tracts, traversed by wide 
boulevards, lined with elegant residences, was 
almost magical. Los Angeles felt a thrill of 
new life, real estate values advanced and it 
was not long until other capitalists, seeing the 
trend of the pace set by the traction lines, in- 
augurated similar improvements in the general 
street car system of the city, extended old lines, 
built new ones and contracted a net-work of 
inter-urban tracks. 

William Spencer Hook was a true son of the 
progressive middle west, born in Jacksonville, 



111.. .March 20, 1840. His educational advan- 
tages -were limited, for at the early age of 
twelve years he left school and began the con- 
flict with the world of affairs, as an employe 
in the private bank of M. P. Avers. He re- 
mained with this bank until he worked his 
way up to a partnership and became a silent 
partner in the firm of M. P. Avers & Co. 
About this time Mr. Hook, looking for other 
business investments, became interested in 
street railways. He purchased the horse car 
line of Jacksonville, converted it into an elec- 
tric system and remained in its management 
until 1895. when he removed to Los Angeles. 

Never a robust man. Mr. Hook's failing 
health was the incentive for his first visit to 
this city in 1894. Seeing the rapid growth of 
Los Angeles and discerning its future possibil- 
ities, he purchased the traction franchise and 
began building the road in the spring follow- 
ing, and at that time became a permanent 
resident. He was the principal owner of the 
traction company stock and the general man- 
ager until 1903, when he sold out and the 
road passed into other hands. 

Mr. Hook was entirely a self-made man, ris- 
ing to a commanding position in the world's • 
activities solely by his own efforts. He was a 
man of excellent judgment and fine executive 
ability, thorough and systematic in business 
affairs and withal very retiring in disposition, 
finding his greatest happiness in his home and 
family. In politics Mr. Hook was a stanch 
Republican, but never aspired to office nor 
cared for public preferment. In 1896, Mr. 
Hook built a handsome residence at the corner 
of Adams street and Vermont avenue, where 
his widow and the two sons who survive him 
reside. His death occurred June 24. 1904, in 
Philadelphia, Fa. ; his remains were interred 
in his native town, Jacksonville, 111. 

JOHN A. FAIRCHILD. The Fairchild fam- 
ily, represented in Los Angeles by John A. 
Fairchild, a pioneer upbuilder of the resources 
of Southern California, was established in this 
country prior to the Revolution, in which his- 
toric struggle the paternal ancestor achieved 
prominence as a soldier.. lie survived the perils 

of warfare and returned to civic life, in the 
upbuilding of which he gave the same unselfish 
effort and energy- which had characterized his 
military career. He reared a family of children, 
of whom a son, John, married Tryphena Arm- 
strong, the representative of another distin- 
guished family of colonial prominence, and be- 
came an early settler of New York. His inter- 
ests were identified with the military affairs of 
the state, where he was familiarly known as Cap- 
tain Fairchild. 

In Cattaraugus county, N. Y., July 20, 1849, 
occurred the birth of John A. Fairchild, one of 
the children born to John and Tryphena Fair- 
child. He was fortunate in the possession of 
high traits of character, receiving both through 
inheritance and the training which his parents 
were able to give him. His preliminary educa- 
tion was received in the common schools of his 
native state, after which he prepared and entered 
Lawrence University, at Appleton, Wis., where 
he pursued his studies for a time. Laying aside 
the means of theoretical knowledge he came to 
California in the fall of 1867 and here took up 
the practical side of life. For four years he was 
interested in the drug business in Nevada City, 
hut later he removed to San Jose and followed 
the same business for another four years. While 
a resident of San Jose he also became interested 
in the banking business, assisting in the organi- 
zation of what is now known as the First Na- 
tional Bank, and later he accepted the position 
of cashier of the Commercial Bank of San Diego. 
Deciding to locate in Los Angeles, in 1883 he 
came to this city, where he has ever since re- 
sided. Various business interests have felt the 
force of his ability and energy, among them the 
Los Angele> Railway Company, whose cars were 
then operated by horses. He was a promoter 
of the enterprise and one of the principal stock- 
holders of the company, retaining his connection 
with it for nine years. Meanwhile, two years 
prior to severing his connection with this enter- 
prise, he had become interested as a contractor 
on public works. Upon his withdrawal from the 
Los Angeles Railway Company he organized a 
company for the purpose of carrying on this 
work, interesting F. W. Gilmore and George R. 
Wilton, the firm becoming known as the Fair- 
child-Gilmore-Wilton Company. Their growth 




from that date has been continuous and rapid, 
and in 1902 they incorporated under the above 
style, with a capital stock of $50,000, with Mr. 
Fairchild as president, Mr. Wilton vice-president, 
and Mr. Gilmore secretary and treasurer. The 
business of the firm was originally the construc- 
tion of asphalt pavements, but it has since in- 
cluded public works in general; so successful has 
been the conduct of their business that they are 
known all over the Pacific coast and also as far 
east as Salt Lake City, Utah, where they have 
had extensive contracts for improvements. In 
Los Angeles they are the best known company 
of this character, employing from five to six 
hundred men and one hundred teams, and enjoy- 
ing an enviable reputation as to promptness, in- 
tegrity and thorough responsibility. 

In addition to the engrossing interests of his 
contracting business, Mr. Fairchild is connected 
with various other enterprises of note, now serv- 
ing as president of the Consolidated Sheep Ranch 
Mining Company, of Calaveras county, Cal. He 
has the highest ideas as to the duties of a citi- 
zen, and although far too busy in business pur- 
suits to seek or accept official recogniton, has 
always given his strongest efforts to advance 
the interests of the Republican party, whose 
principles he heartily endorses. He takes a keen 
interest in a clean municipality and gives his 
influence toward this end. He has an enthusi- 
astic belief in the future of Southern California 
and especially of Los Angeles and has invested 
his means liberally. His home, a model resi- 
dence in all its appointments, is located at No. 
837 Burlington avenue, and is presided over by 
his wife, a woman of refinement and culture. 
She was formerly Miss Augusta Barker, of Wal- 
worth county. Wis., where her father. Frank 
Barker, was a pioneer resident. Mr. and Mrs. 
Fairchild are the parents of three children : Ray 
L., located on one of his father's ranches as 
manager; Lila J., wife of John G. Mott, an at- 
torney of Los Angeles; and Helen M.. wife of 
Nathaniel W. Myrick. Mr. Fairchild is a promi- 
nent Mason, being a member of Southern Cali- 
fornia Lodge No. 278, F. & A. M., Signet Chap- 
ter No. 57, R. A. M., Los Angeles Commandery 
No. q. K. T. ; and is also a Shriner. Socially 
he holds membership in the Jonathan Club. 
As a pioneer of California Mr. Fairchild ex- 

perienced the hardships and trials of a beginning 
civilization. Without means he began at the 
foot of the ladder upon his arrival in the state, 
from San Francisco, where he arrived on the 27th 
of October, 1867, going at once to Nevada City, 
where he spent nearly four years in the drug 
business. That he succeeded in the accumula- 
tion of means with which to engage in business 
enterprises was never a matter of surprise to 
those who knew him and the characteristic qual- 
ities of his manhood. In his enterprises in Los 
Angeles he has again succeeded and has risen 
to a position of financial and business import- 
ance, recognized as a citizen of enterprise and 
ability, and is held in the highest esteem by a 
large circle of friends and acquaintances. 

JUDGE H. A. PIERCE. No name is bet- 
ter known in the official life of Los Angeles 
than that of Judge Pierce, who as an attorney- 
at-law and justice of the peace has adminis- 
tered to the needs of the public for many 
years. He is the descendant of an old New 
England family, his birth having occurred in 
Derby, Orleans county, Vt., March 2, 1839 '< 
his grandfather, John F. Pierce, was a farmer 
in New Hampshire and served seven years 
under Washington in the Revolutionary war. 
He was prominent in local affairs and died at 
the advanced age of one hundred and four 
years. His father, John F., Jr., was born in 
Swansea, N. H., in 1795. In manhood he be- 
came a fine cabinet maker, being a man of 
unusual brilliancy and ability along mechani- 
cal lines. He served in the war of 1812, 
emulating the patriotic example of his sire. 
He located in Vermont and there his death 
occurred in 1884, at the age of eighty-nine 
years. He was a cousin of Franklin Pierce, 
a president of the United States. By mar- 
riage Mr. Pierce allied himself with an old 
Massachusetts family, his wife being, in 
maidenhood, Abigail Fisk. of Templeton, 
Mass., who also passed away in Vermont at 
the age of eighty-four years. They became 
the parents of five sons and two daughters, 
all of whom attained maturity, and two sons 
and one daughter are now surviving: II. A., 
of this review ; Horace A., a miner of Nome, 



Alaska: and Mrs. Emma L. Jordon, of James- 
town, N. Y. 

H. A. Pierce was the fourth child in the fam- 
ily of his parents. He received his preliminary 
education in the public schools of Derby, and 
then became a student in the Newberry Colleg- 
iate Institute, where before he was nineteen 
years old he held the chair of elocution. It was 
just about that time that he felt so strongly 
attracted to California that he gave up all his 
interests at home, and at once embarked on 
the George Law to Aspimvall, thence on the 
Golden Gate to San Francisco, where he ar- 
rived in February of that year (1857). His 
tastes being all literary, mining did not prove 
so strong an attraction to him as pedagogical 
work, and he was shortly after his arrival en- 
gaged in teaching in Contra Costa county. 
Later he went to Cacheville, Yolo county, and 
established a private school, with tuition 
placed at $5 per month for each pupil. The 
need of such an institution was quickly proved 
by the number of pupils enrolled, as he soon 
had one hundred in attendance. For a time 
following that he was interested in mining 

The breaking out of the Civil war proved 
the mettle of many men, and especially of 
those who were located on the Pacific coast, 
far away from the seat of difficulties, and with 
news so long in reaching them that it re- 
quired a stanch and patriotic soul to compre- 
hend the struggle soon to be begun. Mr. 
Pierce, with a Mr. Lippett, at once set about 
raising a regiment of men, and soon had a 
thousand who were willing to return east and 
take part in the struggle. However, the ex- 
pense of transporting them to New York City 
was so great, and as so many more than were 
at first needed responded to the first call of 
the president, it was thought better by the 
government to disband them than to attempt 
their transportation. This was done, but Mr. 
Pierce returned east and enlisted for service. 
In the meantime- he studied law, and on the 
29th of January, 1866, was admitted to prac- 
tice in the supreme court of the United States, 
in Washington, I). C. He has been a member 
of that bar longer than any other lawyer west 
of the Rocky mountains. He began the prac- 

tice of his profession in Washington, and con- 
tinued in that location until 1869, when in the 
spring of that year he went to Dakota, where 
he was appointed adjutant-general of the ter- 
ritorial government, with offices at Yankton. 
After two years he went to Arkansas, and in 
Pine Bluff practiced his profession, and also 
engaged in journalistic work, owning and edit- 
ing the Jefferson Republican and the Arkansas 
Patriot. For three years he was next located 
in Fort Smith, where he served as circuit su- 
perintendent of public instruction, which in- 
cluded five counties in northwestern Arkansas. 
He remained in this location until 1874, when 
he removed to Chicago, 111., there practiced 
law for a time, and then was again established 
in Pine Bluff, thence removing in the spring 
of 1879 to Topeka, Kans. After eleven years 
in that city Mr. Pierce came to Southern Cali- 
fornia, practiced his profession in Santa Ana 
for two years, and then located in Los An- 
geles, where he has since remained. While 
a resident of Topeka he had a large and lucra- 
tive law practice, and was in every way 
equipped for the position of justice of the 
peace, to which he was appointed in 1903. In 
the fall of 1906 he was nominated on the Re- 
publican ticket to this office and was elected 
by a large majority. 

Throughout his entire career Judge Pierce 
has been a public speaker, being forceful and 
eloquent and unafraid of argument or issues. 
In i860 he stumped California for Abraham 
Lincoln, and for his second nomination in 1864 
canvassed the states of Pennsylvania, New 
Jersey and New York, as he was then in the 
east for service in the Civil war. He first en- 
listed in the Thirty-second Massachusetts 
Regiment and was at that time (1864) detailed 
to the headquarters of General Grant, where he 
served until the close of the war. During the 
campaign for Grant in 1868 he spoke one hun- 
dred and nine times. He has been active in 
every national campaign from the time of 
John C. Fremont to Theodore Roosevelt, and 
has spoken in twenty-seven different states of 
the Union. He was a national delegate to the 
convention of 1868 and was chairman of the 
Virginia delegation at the nomination of Gen- 
eral Grant. He has been stanch in his adher- 

7^o^,i K.Jg£« 



ence to the principles of the Republican party, 
and is accounted one of the strong men of 
Southern California in his efforts to advance 
these interests. 

Judge Pierce has been twice married, the 
first union occurring in Washington, 111., and 
uniting him with Mrs. Helen (Corwin) Fisher, 
whose name is familiar to readers of fiction, as 
for many years she wrote for the New York 
Weekly, the New York Ledger, Harper's and 
Saturday Night. In 1873 she entered into a 
contract with Street & Smith with a remuner- 
ation of $5,000 a year, at that time the highest 
salary paid a woman writer in America. 
Among her works of fiction are "The Curse of 
Everleigh," "Lady Violet," "A Woman's 
Master." etc. Her death occurred in Los An- 
geles April 4, 1900. On the 24th of May, 1905, 
the judge married Miss Nellie May Allee, a 
native of Cleveland, Ohio, and a woman of 
rare worth and character. Judge Pierce is 
identified with the Masonic organization, hav- 
ing joined the order in 1861 in Mt. Moriah 
Lodge No. 44, of San Francisco, where he held 
membership for forty-four years, being now a 
member of Los Angeles Lodge No. 42. He 
is also identified with the Odd Fellows, being 
past officer of the Encampment and Canton ; 
the Knights of Pythias, and was commander 
of Division No. 8 of the Uniform Rank in To- 
peka, Kans. ; and the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen. In memory of his "days and nights 
on the battlefield" he is prominent in the 
Grand Army of the Republic. He enjoys a 
large circle of friends who have been won by 
his personal attributes of character — his quiet 
yet unswerving integrity, his frank friendli- 
ness and cordiality, and the liberality and loy- 
alty of his citizenship. He keeps in touch with 
every forward movement of the day and is 
thus an entertaining companion, and is espe- 
cially interested in furthering all movements 
tending toward the advancement and upbuild- 
ing of his adopted city and state. 

names of honored pioneers who have come and 
gone in the march of progress of the beauti- 
ful commonwealth of California, that of Rob- 

ert Karr McGue is remembered as one who 
braved the perils of the early days and amid 
a beginning civilization established a home 
and a heritage, building up for himself a place 
among the helpful citizens. He was a native 
of the state of New York, his birth having 
occurred in Princetown, Schenectady county, 
in 1820. The family was of Scotch origin, the 
paternal grandfather, John, having emi- 
grated from Scotland prior to the Revo- 
lutionary war. in which conflict he par- 
ticipated. The father, James, was born in 
New York and engaged as a farmer until his 
death, which occurred in 1832. The family 
name had always been known as MacGough 
until after his death, when the children changed 
it to the present spelling. The mother was, be- 
fore marriage, Agnes Smealie, of Scotch de- 
scent. She was born in Princetown, N. Y., the 
daughter of John Smealie, who was born near 
Edinburgh, Scotland, and came to New York 
state when twenty-one years of age. After the 
close of the Revolutionary war. in which he 
participated, he settled down to the life of a 
farmer. In the parental family there were 
four sons and thiee daughters, of whom James 
became a pioneer of Kansas, in which state 
his death eventually occurred ; he had two 
sons, John J. and William E.. both of whom 
served in the Civil war. John died in Chariton 
county, Mo. Kelly was born in 1824, in young 
manhood became a farmer at Princetown, N. 
Y., and was actively interested in Republican 
politics. In religion he was a member of the 
Presbyterian Church. He came to Los Angeles 
in 1883 and died in February, 1884; he mar- 
ried Catherine Nancy Ingersoll. who was 
born in Princetown and died in Los Angeles 
in 1893, leaving four children, namely: Wil- 
lian James, who died in Schenectady, N. Y., 
in 1900: Agnes, who married Nicholas Myers 
and died in Schenectady. N. Y.. in 1883: 
Tohn P., of Los Angeles, who married Emily 
Elizabeth Ingersoll, of Ottawa. 111., and 
Abraham L.. a resident of Los Angeles. Rob- 
ert Karr was the youngest son of the McGue 
family, while the daughters were Jane, who 
married John Morrison and died in De Kalb, 
111., in 1888; Ellen, who married William 
Radlev and resides in Rockford. 111., and 


Mary, who married Daniel Brewer and died 
in Chariton county. Mo. 

Robert Karr McGue received his education 
through the medium of the public schools of 
Princetown. X. V.. where he passed the first 
years of his manhood. In 1846 he decided to 
try his fortunes in the more remote west, and 
accordingly started overland. In Michigan he 
spent two weeks in the home of his brother, 
James, then he went to De Kalb county. 111., 
and there entered a farm of one hundred and 
sixty acres of land that is still owned by the 
family. In 1852 he started across the plains 
bound for California, equipped with four yoke 
of oxen and necessary supplies for a journey 
that lasted from May 1 to November. With- 
out serious mishap he arrived in the state, and 
like the countless others who sought the west 
about that time, he at once engaged in min- 
ing. From northern California he drifted into 
Arizona, intending to follow a similar occu- 
pation, but was driven out by the Indians ; he 
then went to New Mexico and mined for a 
time, thence going to Montana and Idaho, and 
from there to the Frazer river. He continued 
mining until 1867, and during the year fol- 
lowing he came to Southern California, and 
here prepared to indulge his taste for raising 
fine stock. He had met with success in his 
long years of mining enterprises and had ac- 
cumulated a fortune and this he invested in 
Southern California. He purchased a tract of 
one hundred and sixty acres of land at the 
corner of Vermont and Vernon avenues and 
there developed a ranch. This property, which 
at his death contained one hundred and fifty- 
nine acres, was willed to his nephews. John 
P. and Abraham L. McGue, and at that time 
was officially appraised at $20,000. In 1905 it 
was sold by them for $210,000, and was laid 
out as a subdivision of the city known as 
Vermont Avenue Square, which has since been 
rapidly built up with handsome homes. Mr. 
McGue died in August, 1884. In his fra- 
ternal relations he was identified with the In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows, and polit- 
ically was a stanch adherent of the principles 
advocated in the platform of the Republican 
party. At the time of the Civil war. when it 
required courage to give support to the Union 

in the western states. Mr. McGue was fearless 
in his utterances of loyalty, proving the pa- 
triotism which was his by inheritance. He 
took an active interest in educational affairs, 
and gave an acre of his property for school 
purposes and also assisted materially in the 
erection of the building. 

He was a member of the Presbyterian 
Church all his life and was always found ready 
to support any charity brought to his atten- 
tion. His death removed from his community 
a citizen of unusual worth and ability, a man 
of recognized breadth of mind and the most 
humane qualities of heart, a friend to the 
friendless and one who never failed to hold 
out his hand to all in need. He had won a 
place for himself in the hearts of his friends 
and neighbors, wdio revere and honor his mem- 
ory for the good he tried to do, often referring 
to him as the Good Samaritan. Modest and 
retiring in disposition, amiable under all cir- 
cumstances and with nothing but kindness and 
goodwill for his fellow citizens, he was no less 
admired and loved for these qualities than for 
the stanch integrity of his character and the 
unswerving honor which was manifest in all 
his business dealings. 


the Superior Court of the state of California in 
and for Los Angeles county, elected in Novem- 
ber. 1906, is a direct product of the frigid north, 
where his childhood was spent as a ward of his 
uncle. Rev. George H. Bridgman, president of 
Hamline University, St. Paul. Minn., at which 
institution he received his academic education. 
At the State University of Minnesota he re- 
ceived his legal education and was from there 
admitted to practice in 1893. and the same year 
became the assistant attorney or general trial 
lawyer fur the Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad. 
which position he held until his removal to Cali- 
fornia in 181)7, when he located and engaged in 
the practice of his profession at Santa Monica. 
Up to the time of his elevation to the bench he 
had been actively engaged in his profession and 
attained more than ordinary success as a lawyer. 
being widely known in Los Angeles county and 
throughout Southern California. For seven 


vears he was the attorney-general for the vast 
and varied interests of ex-Senator John P. Jones, 
and attorney and trustee under the will of the 
late Andrew J. W. Keating, who left a fortune, 
which during Judge Hutton's trusteeship has in- 
creased in bulk from less than a quarter-million 
to nearly two million dollars. 

Judge Hutton has been an extensive traveler, 
and knows the American continent better than 
most men, and is at home anywhere from Alaska, 
where he caught trout, to Washington, D. C, 
where he has appeared as attorney before the 
United States Supreme Court. He believes in 
the great west, its present and future, and has 
contributed to various well-known western mag- 
azines and other publications, among which may 
be mentioned Out West, The West Coast. Pacific 
Monthly, his favorite themes being "California 
Missions," "Early Religions," "Education." and 
"Agriculture." He is a public speaker of note, 
and his oration at the funeral of Senator Patton 
at Ocean Park in December of 1906 was a classic 
in all that the word implies. 

FraternalH- Judge Hutton is a prominent 
member of the Masonic Order, the Knights of 
Pythias, and the Elks. Of a religious and public- 
spirited nature, he is ever ready to give his ener- 
getic support to any movement tending to the 
betterment or improvement of the religious, 
moral and municipal conditions of the commu- 

Judge Hutton possesses ability, dignity, firm- 
ness and courage, and is clear and direct in his 
statements, his decisions are well considered and 
he has bv these qualities and his uniform cour- 
tesy and patience earned the good will and con- 
fidence of the members of the Los Angeles bar; 
while on the bench he is quiet and reserved, ami 
conducts his court with dignity. In chambers 
he is genial, cordial and approachable, anil in 
private life social and friendly. He was thirty- 
seven years old August 5th of this year (1907). 

During his career Judge Hutton has repeat- 
edly demonstrated a depth of wisdom that is 
deeper than the law and a kindness of heart that 
is seen all too seldom. Nowhere were these 
qualities more clearly shown than in the case of 
Mrs. Mary Blanchard, who was brought before 
him on the complaint of insanity, sworn to by 
her husband. After listening to the halting 

testimony of the witness. Judge Hutton ex- 
pressed the opinion that the woman was not in- 
sane, but that she was merely hungering for a 
little kindness. The case had not seemed strange 
or extraordinary to those gathered in the court 
room until Judge Hutton spoke. That his point 
was well taken is best shown in the fact that 
when her case came up before the insanity com- 
missi, m a few days later she was discharged as 
sane and went home with her husband. In com- 
menting on the case the Los Angeles Times 
speaks as follows : "Judge Hutton had seen a 
deeper question than a woman's sanity in the 
case of Mrs. Mary Blanchard. He had recog- 
nized a woman's need, which is universal and 
eternal. The universal suggestion of the case, 
in which a woman with a temporarily unbalanced 
mind sobbed out a bitter truth without reserve, 
was shown in instant response to that sugges- 

"Letters poured in upon the judge, who was 
impelled to be more human than judicial in that 
striking moment, congratulating him on a rare 
judgment which reached deeper into life than 
written laws can ever go. Women called up 
Mrs. Hutton on the telephone and told her she 
should be proud of her husband, and she said 
she was. And men. who perhaps themselves 
have been forgetful of the little amenities of 
life which women crave, but never ask for till 
their nerves and minds are shattered, told him 
he had done well. 

"Men and women wrote to others about the 
case, startling in its simplicity and its awful sig- 
nificance. One woman wrote to her attorney, 
enclosing a check and directing him to learn if 
Mrs. Blanchard's material needs were met. and 
to use the money, if required, to pay for her 
care in a sanatorium till peace and quiet and ' a 
little kindness ' should restore her nerves and 
mind to health." 

In 1897 Judge Hutton was united in marriage 
with Dolores Egleston, a daughter of S. J. Egles- 
ton, one of the founders of the city of Spencer, 
Clav county, Iowa. They have one son. George 
Robert Egleston Hutton, eight vears old, the 
pride of his parents and the central attraction 
of a home that Judge Hutton finds to be the 
brightest spot on earth and where he spends his 
leisure hours to the exclusion of societv and 



politics. He is a man of stem and strict habits, 
whose life is dominated by two leading desires 
— first to enjoy his home and family, and second 
to succeed in his profession. He is possessed 
of a most unusual memory and rarely forgets the 
doctrine of any case he has once studied. Since 
his elevation to the bench he has impressed the 
bar and the public with his persistent and un- 
tiring diligence, with his keen analysis of facts, 
his clear perception of the truth and his tireless 
search for every possible legal principle that 
might aid him in reaching a correct and accu- 
rate conclusion. 

WILLIAM T. ("LAPP. The beautiful city 
of Pasadena, or as it has been aptly called 
"Crown of the Valley." was entirely unknown 
as early as 1873, in the latter part of which year 
land to the extent of four thousand acres was 
purchased in that vicinity by the Indiana Colony, 
an organization which had its inception in In- 
dianapolis, Ind. The leaders of this enterprise, 
D. M. Berry and others, assumed the great re- 
sponsibility of the purchase of the San Pasqual 
rancho, which was one of the old Spanish grants 
and comprised some of the choicest land in this 
part of the state. The land was deeded to a 
Mr. Croft, who in turn deeded all of his right, 
title and interest therein to the San Gabriel 
• Irange Grove Association, the latter assuming 
all obligations, according to previous agreement. 
( )n January 27, 1874, the colonists assembled 
"ii Reservoir Hill and each made selection of his 
own choice of lots in the tract as platted by the 
colony's surveyor, equal to his number of shares 
of stock in the association. The land which 
Mr. (Japp selected consisted of sixty acres in 
Division E, and extended from the Arroyo Seco 
to Fair Oaks avenue on California. A part of 
this acreage he has since disposed of, although 
he still owns four hundred feet on Huntington 
terrace, and two hundred and eighty feet on 
California street. In [905 he erected a fine resi- 
dence on Huntington terrace, in the W. T. Clapp 
tract, in which he is now spending his declining 

The earliesl ancestor of the Clapp family of 
whom we have any definite knowledge is the 
grandfather, Charles Clapp, a native of North- 

ampton, Mass., who during his earlier years was 
a manufacturer of hats ; he died in South Deer- 
field, Mass.. when in his ninety-third year. The 
history of the maternal ancestors can also be 
traced to that state, the grandfather, Simon 
Huntington, carrying on a farm in Hinsdale, 
Mass., where he died at the age of seventy-five 
years. In Worthington, that state, the father, 
Levi Clapp, was born in 1796, and in addition 
to manufacturing hats, an art which he learned 
from his father, he carried on a men's furnish- 
ing store in Worcester, Mass., his death occur- 
ring in that city at the age of sixty years. His 
marriage united him with Sarah Huntington, 
\\1k> was born in Hinsdale, Mass., and they be- 
came the parents of three sons, as follows : Lewis 
H. ; A. Huntington, who at the time of his death 
in New York City in 1900 was filling the office 
of secretary of the Home Missionary Board of 
the Congregational denomination ; and William 
T., the latter born in Worthington, Hampshire 
county, Mass.. January 17, 1821. Considering 
his early surroundings he obtained a good edu- 
cation, attending at first the common schools, 
and later the local academies. The same thor- 
oughness which was a distinguishing character- 
istic in his school life was later exhibited, when, 
at an early age, he prepared himself for business 
life by learning the tanner's trade. From 1845 
until 1868 he owned and operated a tannery in 
Massachusetts, and for a time owned and op- 
erated two plants. For a number of years after 
closing out his business he traveled throughout 
the United States, visiting California among 
other states, and in 1873 he located here perma- 
nentlv. His first wife, Miss Ophelia E. Billings, 
a native of South Deerfield, Mass.. died in that 
state leaving three children, Frederick Arthur, 
Jennie Huntington and William Billings, who 
accompanied him to the west. The first church 
and the first schoolhouse erected in Pasadena 
were built on Mr. Clapp's property, and the 
school was taught by his daughter, Jennie H. 
She is now the wife of Rev. F. J. Culver, a Con- 
gregational minister. In Pasadena Mr. Clapp 
was united in marriage with Mrs. R. E. Burn- 
ham, a native of London, England, who came 
to America with her parents and settled in New 
York. By her former marriage she has two 
-oils, Fred R. ami Howard, the latter a mining 




engineer in the gold fields of Johannesburg, 
Africa ; his brother also having a wide reputa- 
tion as a mining engineer, as well as for his 
remarkable explorations in the wilds of that 
interesting country. Mrs. R. E. Clapp passed 
away in Pasadena in 1 905. 

During his early voting days Mr. Clapp was 
a loyal Whig, and upon the absorption of that 
partv by the Republicans he continued to up- 
hold the principles of the latter. In his religious 
belief he is a Congregationalist, and in his fra- 
ternal associations he is a Knight Templar Ma- 
son, having attained the thirty-second degree. 
Though his step is less elastic than formerly 
and the frost of many years has tinged his locks 
Mr. Clapp still enjoys excellent health and it 
is the wish of his friends that he may be spared 
to them for many vears to come. 

GEORGE I. COCHRAN. Few names have 
been more prominently identified with the devel- 
opment of natural resources in Southern Cali- 
fornia than that of George I. Cochran, profes- 
sional, financial and industrial factor during the 
period of his seventeen years' residence in the 
city of Los Angeles. Credit is due him for the 
efforts he has put forth in his association with 
important movements ; the success achieved is 
a part of the man — native ability, perseverance 
and energy — combined with the conservatism 
made progressive by decision of character, and 
by the demonstration of these qualities he holds 
the position he has thus won. 

Mr. Cochran fortunately brought to bear upon 
his lifework qualities inherited from a family 
whose name has been made honorable by deeds 
of various members. His father, the Rev. 
George Cochran, D. D., of Toronto, Canada, 
was a prominent minister in the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, by which he was sent as a mis- 
sionary to Japan in 1873. George I. Cochran 
was then ten years old, his birth having occurred 
in the vicinity of Toronto July 1, 1863, and there- 
after he spent six years in the eastern country. 
Upon the return of the family to Toronto in 
1879 tne elder man resumed his work in that 
city and his son entered the Toronto University, 
and was later called to the bar at Osgoode Hall, 
Toronto, where he began the practice of his 

profession under the favorable circumstances 
engendered by his native qualities, and education 
acquired by application and will, and the position 
of esteem and respect which he had already won 
among the younger generation of the citizens of 
that city. In March, 1888, he came to California, 
and with the decision of character which has 
ever distinguished his career made his interests 
at once parallel with those of his adopted state 
and city. Opportunity is for the man of action 
and hence when the time came for Mr. Cochran 
to assume a prominent place in the affairs of 
Los Angeles he unhesitatingly faced the respon- 
sibilities and fulfilled the trust which be had 
won during the preceding five years. This wa- 
in 1893, at the time of the financial crisis, when 
Air. Cochran was attorney for the Los Angeles 
Clearing House and directed its legal affairs and 
counseled its business interests through the panic 
which prevailed in all business circles. Since 
that time no citizen of Los Angeles has been 
more prominently identified with its growth and 
upbuilding. In the organization of the Broad- 
way Bank and Trust Company he was a most 
important factor and has held continuously the 
office of vice-president since its inception. This 
institution has become one of much importance 
in the monetary affairs of the city, its growing 
demands calling for an enlargement of the 
counting room, which occupies the larger part 
of the Broadway side of the imposing Bradbury 

Mr. Cochran was formerly a member of the 
firm of Cochran. Williams. Goudge, Baker & 
•/handler. He gives much of his time and atten- 
tion to the concerns of the corporation known 
as the Pacific Mutual Life Insurance Company 
of California, the largest life insurance company 
in the west, with an income of over $4,000,000 
per year, and serves as its president, in active 
charge of its business. Mr. Cochran is also in- 
terested as a director in the Los Angeles Trust 
Company, Edison Electric Company, First Na- 
tional Bank of Los Angeles and the Rosedale 
Cemetery Association ( vice-president of the lat- 
ter), which owns one of the most beautiful 
plots of ground in the city of Los Angeles; 
was for many years secretary and director of 
the United Gas, Electric & Power Company and 
was largely instrumental in its consolidation with 



the Edison Electric Company ; and was also one 
of the chief factors in the enterprise known as 
the Seaside Water Company, which supplies water 
for Long Beach, San Pedro and Wilmington for 
irrigation and domestic purposes, while recently 
he has taken a prominent part in the opening up 
of the addition to Los Angeles known as the West 
Adams Heights tract. This achievement has been 
of such vast importance in the opening up of a 
beautiful residence district to the people of the 
city that Mr. Cochran has once more won for 
himself the unqualified commendation of the 
populace. He also has some interests in Santa 
Barbara, "the city by the sea," where he acted 
as director in the street railway company, while 
the Artesian Water Company, a local organiza- 
tion that has prospered exceedingly by the rise 
in real-estate values in the neighborhood of Los 
Angeles, is indebted to Mr. Cochran, its presi- 
dent, for legal and business advice at all board 

Soon after his arrival in California Mr. Coch- 
ran was united in marriage with Miss Alice Mc- 
Clung, a native of Canada and a friend of 
several years' standing. She died June 16, 1905. 
Mrs. Cochran presided with gracious dignity in 
the beautiful home which they established on 
Harvard boulevard, a residence reflecting with- 
in and without the cultured and refined tastes 
of the family. Their home life was permeated, 
not with the spirit of self-seeking, but with a 
spirituality which had come through long asso- 
ciation with high ideals. Their membership was 
enrolled in the Westlake Methodist Episcopal 
Church, which Mr. Cochran, with a few asso- 
ciates, was instrumental in founding, and since 
then he has been one of the most important factors 
in its progress and upbuilding. He was a member 
of a commission of fifteen appointed by the Gen- 
eral Methodist Conference to consider and report 
a plan, if feasible, to consolidate the big benevol- 
ences of the church, and the report was almost 
unanimously adopted by the succeeding General 
Conference. He also takes a keen and active in- 
terest in all educational matters, seeking to ad- 
vance the best interests of the educational in- 
stitutions in Southern California. He is one of 
the trustees and also treasurer of the University 
of Southern California, and one of its most 
liberal supporters. He has been far too busy 

a man to seek political prominence and although 
a stanch advocate of Republican principles has 
confined his interests along these lines to the 
support he could give the men and measures of 
his party. He has always been, however, a 
strong advocate of the necessity of the moral 
obligation of citizenship and has never shirked 
a responsibility placed before him, a part of his 
work being done as a member of the executive 
committee of the county central committee for 
many years. On April 3, 1907, Mr. Cochran was 
united in marriage with Miss Isabelle M. Mc- 
Clung, a sister of his first wife. 

In the truest sense of the word Mr. Cochran 
is a Californian, for his interests are one with 
those of the beautiful state he has made his 
home, and in the past years he has spared neither 
time, expense nor personal attention in his efforts 
to advance the general welfare. And Los 
Angeles has few citizens who have done more 
for the general weal than he. Few progressive 
or moral movements inaugurated in recent years 
have lacked his support, nor has any enterprise 
to which he has given his consideration failed of 
success. He is truly a representative of the type 
of men who have made Los Angeles what it is 
to-day, strong in mentality, forceful in the dom- 
inant qualities of manhood, and withal so far 
removed in thought and deed from self seeking 
and self aggrandizement that he has been en- 
abled to wield more than a passing influence in 
contemporary affairs. 

women, no less than to men, of heroic character 
and unflinching purpose, is due the unprecedented 
growth and development of Southern California 
during the past few years, and prominent among 
these is the head of a successful real estate firm 
— Mrs. Anna L. Briggs. She is a native of 
Denver, and in maidenhood was Anna McKay. 
Her father, William J. McKay, was born in 
Canada, in the province of Ontario, while her 
grandfather, X. J. McKay, was born in Eng- 
land, a descendant of the McKay clan famed as 
the most northern clan of Scotland. The elder 
man came to America in an early day and lo- 
cated in Ontario, where he engaged as a fanner 
until his death. In young manhood William J. 





McKay crossed the plains to Denver and in the 
vicinity of Golden followed agricultural pur- 
suits. While a resident of this state the Civil 
war broke out and he enlisted for service as a 
soldier in a Colorado regiment. In 1891 he de- 
cided to locate on the Pacific coast and accord- 
ingly came to Southern California and is now 
living retired in San Diego. By marriage he 
allied himself with a descendent of one of the 
first governors of Massachusetts, his wife being 
Miss S. J. Sewell, who was born in Chillicothe, 
Ohio ; she is also living and is spending the even- 
ing of her days in peace and plenty in this south- 
ern clime. 

The younger of two children, Anna L. Mc- 
Kay received her education in the public schools 
of Denver and the Denver University, from 
which institution she was graduated in 1887 with 
the degree of B. S. The following year she 
came to California and engaged in teaching in 
the Pacific Beach College, holding the chair of 
art and languages. She resigned this position 
the following year to enter the San Francisco 
School of Design, thence going to Hoyt's Oak 
Grove School as a teacher. It was in 1894 that 
she first came to Los Angeles and here she at 
once engaged in real estate operations, which she 
continued for two years, when she became one 
of the organizers of the Briggs-Spence Fruit 
Company, wholesale shippers of California 
fruits. This enterprise was closed out in 1898, 
since which time she has devoted her time en- 
tirely to the real estate business. In the mean- 
time she had married George M. Briggs and the 
real estate business became known as the Anna 
L. Briggs Co., with offices at Nos. 409 and 410 
Fay building ; she carries on a general real estate 
business, having laid out Vermont Place and 
several other tracts. Her other interests are 
varied, one of which was to assist in the organi- 
zation of the Women's Goldfield Mining Ex- 
change, she serving as secretary and treasurer, 
while she is also a member of the Pacific Coast 
Women's Press Club and the Chamber of Com- 

George M. Briggs is a native of Brooklyn, 
N. Y., born of an old Connecticut family, and 
made his first trip to California in 1880. He 
located in the state in 1887 and for many years 
was engaged in the fruit business, being now 

associated with the California Canners Associa- 
tion. He is prominent in public affairs, and 
politically is a stanch advocate of the principles 
of the Republican party. Mr. and Mrs. Briggs 
are the parents of one son, Russell M. 

LOUIS ROEDER. The citizens of Los 
Angeles whom Destiny has attracted hither 
during the recent era of remarkable develop- 
ment cannot form an adequate conception of 
the environment under which the pioneers 
were thrown. Spanish supremacy was at an 
end, but American enterprise had not yet be- 
come interested in the sleepy little hamlet and 
to a man whose habits of observation were 
merely superficial the possibilities of the place 
seemed meagre and limited. Among the home- 
seekers arriving here during the '50s, few re- 
main to the present day, and one of the few 
is Louis Roeder, who came to Southern Cali- 
fornia during the latter part of 1856, only a 
few years after he had left his native land, to 
carve out a fruitful future in the undeveloped 
regions of the new world. 

On the farm in Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany, 
where he was born January 28, 1832, Louis 
Roeder passed the uneventful years of early 
youth, and aided his father, Nicolaus, in the 
care of the land. He also learned the trade 
of wagon maker, at which he served a full 
apprenticeship, between fourteen and nineteen 
years of age. At the expiration of his time he 
decided to settle in the United States and at 
once left the old home to make a livelihood 
upon the shores of an unknown world. On the 
2nd of July, 185 1, he landed in New York City, 
joining an uncle and soon securing work at his 
trade. In the spring of 1856 he took passage on 
the steamer Jonathan to Nicaragua, and, land- 
ing there, was obliged to wait for three days 
before it was possible to continue the journey 
to California. May 10, 1856, be landed in the 
harbor of the Golden Gate. Work was scarce 
in San Francisco. Man}' men were vainly 
seeking for employment. While he sought 
work he not only had to pay his own board, 
but did the same for a friend, a cabinet-maker, 
destitute and out of employment. After a time 
he was hired for $28 a month and board, and 



continued in the same position for six months, 
meanwhile saving his earnings in order to se- 
cure the amount necessary to defray his ex- 
penses to the southern part of the state. The 
steamer from which he debarked at San Pedro 
on the 28th of December, 1856, brought the 
news of the election of James Buchanan as 
president of the United States, and it was thus 
Mr. Roeder's privilege to witness the celebra- 
tion of an election in true western style. In 
Los Angeles he secured employment with the 
only wagon-maker in the town, the owner of 
a small shop on Los Angeles street, between 
Commercial and Laguna streets. While still 
tilling this position he made his first invest- 
ment in city property, for he had abundant 
faith in the future of the place and felt no hesi- 
tancy in investing his earnings in real estate. 
Buying a lot with sixty-foot frontage on Main 
street for $700, he built a shanty of primitive 
architecture and meagre dimensions, and this 
lie rented, at the same time rooming there. 

After having worked as a salaried employe 
for a considerable period, Mr. Roeder felt jus- 
tified in embarking in business for himself. 
Accordingly, in 1863, he rented a site on the 
corner of Main and First streets, and in 1865 
formed a partnership with Louis Lichtenber- 
ger in the wagon-making business, the part- 
ners in 1866 purchasing a lot at No. 128 South 
Main street and erecting a small shop. Three 
years later a two-story wagon shop was erect- 
ed at the northwest corner of Second and Main 
street, and this was also utilized as a black- 
smith shop. After a partnership of five years, 
Mr. Roeder sold his interest to his partner for 
$13,000 cash. Shortly afterward he erected a 
building opposite the site of the German Bank, 
on the corner of Main and First streets. His 
next step was a trip to San Francisco, where he 
invested in tools and stock, and return- 
ing embarked in business on a large scale. Dur- 
ing the five years of his connection with the 
business at that point he became the owner of a 
lot, 150x100 feet, on the corner of First and 
Spring streets, where now he owns a two- 
story building. After a long and arduous busi- 
ness career in 1885 he sold out his equipment 
and retired from the wagon-manufacturing 

Some years after coming to Los Angeles 
Mr. Roeder established domestic ties. During 
May of 1863 he was united with Miss YVil- 
helmina Hoth, who was born in New York 
and in 1856 came to San Francisco, thence ac- 
companying her father to Los Angeles in 
1861. Six children were born to the union of 
Mr. and Mrs. Roeder, namely: Henry, who is 
engaged in business in Los Angeles as a dec- 
orator and paper hanger; Elizabeth, wife of 
Charles Dodge of Ocean Park ; Carrie, Mrs. 
Frank Johansen, of Los Angeles ; Minnie, Mrs. 
John Joughin ; Anna C, at home ; and Louis 
Jr., who is manager of a drug store in Los An- 
geles. The family have a pleasant home at 
No. 1 137 West Lake avenue and are surround- 
ed by the comforts rendered possible by Mr. 
Roeder's long and active business life. As early 
as 1858 he became connected with Lodge 
No. 35, I. O. O. F., in Los Angeles, and he is 
also a member of the Turn-Verein. Since be- 
coming a citizen of the United States he has 
voted both the Democratic and Republican 
tickets and maintained a warm interest in the 
welfare of his adopted country and the pro- 
mulgation of its principles, but always de- 
clined office, with the exception of a service of 
four years in the city council during an early 
period in the city's history. During his service 
the franchise was granted to the Los Angeles 
City Water Company, an important movement 
in the development of the city, although it was 
many years before there was anything like an 
adequate supply of this much-needed commod- 
ity. Though his life has been one of great ac- 
tivity and though he has now reached an age 
and position when retirement and total release 
from business cares would be expected, such 
is his temperament we find him still lingering 
in the commercial and civic activities of his 
municipality, still keeping in touch with every 
phase of local progress, and still lending his 
generous assistance to movements for the pub- 
lic welfare. 

official life of Los Angeles has in Judge Cham- 
bers a practical and efficient citizen, whose best 
efforts are given toward the advancement of law 
and order in his capacity of justice of the peace 

<i?2^'Zn/~7/0 f&^tT 




of the city. He is a native of Clinton count}-, 
111., born April 3.. 1862, the elder of two chil- 
dren in the family of his parents. Samuel and 
Lucy (Dodge) Chambers. His father was born 
in Genesee, N. Y„ a son of James, who removed 
to Macon county, Mich., and engaged in farm- 
ing. Samuel Chambers removed to Clinton 
county. 111., and engaged in farming for a time, 
then returned to Michigan and located in Lowell, 
where he is now residing. His wife, who was 
born in New York and reared in Michigan, died 
while they were residents of Illinois. 

Joseph F. Chambers attended the public 
schools of his native state in pursuit of a pre- 
liminary education, after which he entered the 
state normal at Ypsilanti, Mich. After two years 
he returned to Illinois and made that place his 
home for a time, and then again returned to 
Ypsilanti and studied law in the office of Capt. 
E. P. Allen, but gave it up to go to Trinidad, 
Colo., thence removing to Deming, N. Mex., and 
from there to Roseburg, Ore., where he spent 
one year. In 1884 he came to Los Angeles and 
entered the law offices of Canfield & Dameron. 
George Holton was then serving as district at- 
torney and soon after his arrival here Mr. Cham- 
bers was appointed clerk in Judge Austin's 
court; he continued the study of law and was 
admitted to the bar in 1890. He continued as 
clerk in Judge Austin's court until he opened a 
law office in Los Angeles and began the practice 
of his profession. Appointed to the office of 
deputy district attorney he discharged the duties 
of that position until he received an appointment 
to the office of deputy city attorney, his duty- 
then being the prosecution of all city cases. Later 
he became prosecuting attorney for the police 
court, which position he held until the fall of 
1902, when he was elected city justice of the 
peace and in January, 1903, took the oath of 
office. He was re-elected in the fall of 1906, and 
is now discharging the duties of this office in 
Department 1 of the city court. He is a widely 
informed lawyer, in touch with all progress and 
advancement, and in the position he is now occu- 
pying capable of doing much for the betterment 
of humanity. 

In Los Angeles Judge Chambers was united 
in marriage with Miss Euphemie Moffet, a na- 
tive of Iowa, and they are the parents of two 

children, Rofena and Josephine. In his frater- 
nal relations Judge Chambers is a Mason, having 
been made a member of the organization in 
Palestine Lodge Xo. 351. F. & A. M., of Los 
Angeles, and also belongs to the Modern Wood- 
men of America and the Knights of Honor, in 
the latter being past director. Politically he is 
a stanch adherent of the principles advocated in 
the platform of the Republican party, and be- 
longs to the Union League Club and the Count) 
Republican League. 

Among the names of distinguished physicians 
holding prominent place in the medical pro- 
fession is that of Dr. W. J. Barlow. Though 
born of a long line of eastern ancestry, the 
west has claimed him and welcomed him, as 
the west always welcomes the brain and the 
strength of the sons of the east and is proud to 
enroll them as her own. The homely but oft- 
heard expression that "blood tells" has be- 
come axiomatic, and if the saying is as true 
as believed to be the Barlow family may just- 
ly lay claim to whatever distinction lies in be- 
ing well descended. The American branch 
of the Barlow family, from which Dr. Barlow 
is descended, dates from colonial days when 
Samuel Barlow, the founder of the family in 
America, was among the early colonists who 
emigrated from England in 1620 and settled 
in Massachusetts. Those were days of trial 
and tribulation and the men who unflinch- 
ingly faced them were worthy progenitors of 
a race to be that should point with pride to 
the line from whence they sprang. Among 
the numerous descendants of Samuel Barlow 
was Joel Barlow, the distinguished author and 
philanthropist, and also of the immediate 
family of which Dr. Barlow is a member. 

Dr. Barlow's great -great-grandfather, John 
Barlow, was a native of Fairfield, Conn., and 
a merchant by trade. He married Sarah Whit- 
nev, of the well known New England family. 
Their son John married Larana Scott, and the 
son of the latter, also John, married Julia Ann 
larvis, whose family name is prominent in the 
history of Connecticut. Though of English 
descent they were true American patriots, her 


grandfather being a soldier in the Revolution. 
She was also a niece of Bishop Jarvis, the first 
bishop consecrated in America, and the sec- 
ond bishop of Connecticut. 

Dr. Barlow's father was 'William H. Bar- 
low. He was born in Connecticut, afterwards 
removing to Ossining, N. Y.. where he en- 
gaged in business as a hardware merchant. 
He was a man of sterling qualities, a devout 
member of the Episcopal Church, and a mem- 
ber of the Masonic fraternity. He married 
Miss Catherine Stratton Lent, also a native 
of Connecticut, a daughter of Robert and 
Catherine (Stratton) Leut. Her mother was 
a Van Weber, descendant of Aneka Jans of 
Xew York City, whose vast estate was the 
subject of litigation for many years, and be- 
came a cause celebre in the annals of the New 
York State bar. The Leut family were orig- 
inally from Holland. The proper name. Van 
Leut. became in time shortened to Leut. 
Catherine Stratton Barlow, who died in 1891, 
became the mother of nine children. 

Dr. Walter Jarvis Barlow was born at Os- 
sining, Westchester county, N. Y., January 
22, 1868. and his early boyhood years were 
passed at his home on the banks of the pictur- 
esque Hudson. Graduating from Mt. Pleas- 
ant Military Academy in 1885, he entered Co- 
lumbia University and received his degree of 
B. A. in 1889. In 1892 he graduated from the 
College of Physicians and Surgeons and re- 
ceived his degree of M. D., which was fol- 
lowed by three years as interne in a New York 
City hospital. Too close attention to study 
had somewhat undermined his health and he 
sought to regain it through traveling and a 
year's sojourn in the mountains of Southern 
1 lalifornia. As ^oon as his health was restored 
he located in Los Angeles and engaged in the 
practice of his ] rofession. His specialty is in- 
ternal medicine. 

In 189S Dr. Barlow married Miss Marion 
Brooks Patterson, of Los Angeles, and a na- 
tive of Dunkirk, X . Y. They have three 
children. Walter Jarvis, Jr., Catherine Leut 
and Ella Brooks. 

Dr. Barlow has achieved an enviable posi- 
tion in his chosen profession, and is held in 
high esteem among the fraternity of which he 

is an honored member. His culture, refine- 
ment and worth are well established and uni- 
versally recognized in the community. He 
holds the chair of clinical medicine in the Medi- 
cal College of Southern California; is a 
member of the American Medical Association ; 
member of the Clinicalogical Association; 
member of the Chamber of Commerce ; and 
vice president and director of the Merchants' 
Trust and Savings Bank. In 1902 he founded 
and incorporated the Barlow Sanitarium for 
the poor consumptives of Los Angeles county, 
which has proven more than a success. 

CHARLES SILENT. The city of Los An- 
geles, while surrounded by the advantages with 
which a prodigal nature has endowed this sec- 
tion, owes the greater part of its growth and 
prosperity to the indomitable will and tenacity of 
the far-seeing and persevering men of business 
and finance who have made their personal inter- 
ests one with the advancement and development 
of the resources of Southern California. Promi- 
nent among this class of citizens is Charles Silent, 
one of the pioneers of the early '50s, and a man 
whose life has been marked by the hardships and 
privations characteristic of the first days of state- 
hood. Undaunted by all such obstacles, cour- 
ageous in the face of all difficulties, he steadily 
rose to a position of affluence and influence and 
is to-day numbered among the representative men 
of Los Angeles. 

From German ancestry Judge Silent inherited 
the traits of character which laid the foundation 
for his success. He was born in Baden. Ger- 
many, in the year 1843, and five years later was 
brought to America by his parents, who estab- 
lished their home in Columbus, Ohio. In that 
section he spent the following eight years of his 
life and there accepted the responsibilities of life 
when only twelve years old, being forced by 
necessity to take up the burden of self-support. 
In [856 he left home and started for California 
alone, the journey being made by way of the 
Isthmus of Panama. He was but thirteen years 
old when he landed in San Francisco, but, un- 
daunted by the prospect of holding his own in the 
new country which was attracting men of all 
elates and conditions, he went at once to the 



mines of Amador county and began the struggle 
for a foothold. 

Although but scant scholastic training had been 
the portion of this lad, yet he had early deter- 
mined to make his success in the line of profes- 
sional work, and during these years of struggle 
and adversities he kept this aim constantly in 
view. At the age of seventeen years he success- 
fully passed the teacher's examination and se- 
cured a certificate which gave him the right to 
conduct a school and for the following three 
years he was so occupied. At the same time he 
continued his studies with a view to entering col- 
lege before completing his law work, which he 
had some time before taken up, and in i8<>_' he 
became a student in the University of the Pa- 
cific, at Santa Clara, Cal. Following his com- 
pletion of the course he became principal of the 
Santa Clara public schools, which position he 
held until 1866, discharging the duties with an 
efficiency which won for him the commendation 
of pupils and parents. In the meantime he had 
been devoting all his spare time to the study of 
law and upon the termination of his work in 
Santa Gara he entered the law office of S. F. & J. 
Reynolds, of San Francisco, as a student. Upon 
his return to Santa Clara he was appointed one 
of the deputy county clerks, in which position he 
familiarized himself with pleading and practice 
and with the public records of the county. Being 
admitted to the bar in 1868, he immediately be- 
came a member of the law firm of Moore & 
Laine, one of the leading firms of the legal fra- 
ternity of San Jose. For ten years he remained 
a resident of San Jose and engaged in a highly 
successful and remunerative practice. About this 
time he went to Arizona, where he had just been 
appointed a judge of the supreme court, and for 
two years he continued to perform the duties of 
this position. At the expiration of that time he 
resigned to establish a general practice in Tucson, 
Ariz., which in the three years of his residence 
there grew to remunerative proportions. On 
account of impaired health he was forced to re- 
linquish his law practice in 1883, following which 
he spent about two years in rest and travel. De- 
ciding to locate in Los Angeles, he came to this 
city in 1885 and has ever since made it his home, 
building up a general practice in his profession, 
to which he returned with renewed energy and 

vigor with returning health. He has won for 
himself a place of importance and prominence at 
the Los Angeles bar and is one of the best-known 
and most successful lawyers of Southern Cali- 

In addition to his professional interests Judge 
Silent has always identified himself with move- 
ments calculated to advance the general welfare 
of the community in which he has made his home. 
While a resident of San Jose he was instrumental 
in the building of the railroad between San Jose 
and Santa Clara, which was one of the first rail- 
roads constructed south of San Francisco. In 
educational affairs he was equally active and was 
one of the foremost men in the establishment and 
construction of the State Normal School, the first 
in the state, while he gave much time and atten- 
tion toward the promotion of movements to im- 
prove and beautify all public school buildings 
as well a- the city itself. He devised the plan 
and secured the passage of a law by which the 
city of San Jose constructed a beautiful drive a 
distance of six miles to its great public park. He 
was the head of a corporation which, under his 
supervision, constructed a railroad from Santa 
Cruz along the San Lorenzo river to the town 
of Felton, and is now a part of the railroad 
running from Santa Cruz across the mountains 
to Oakland. It was through his far-seeing judg- 
ment that the Santa Cruz mammoth trees, which 
lie along this road, were saved from the sawmill 
and were preserved as a pleasure resort. 

In Los Angeles the judge has been equally 
public spirited and has been identified with innu- 
merable enterprises which have given t<> the 
city its prestige among other attractions of South- 
ern California. As a member of the Chamber 
of Commerce he has taken a keen and active 
interest in all movements of that organization. It 
was through his efforts largely that the army of 
unemployed men in 1897 were set to work in the 
improvement of Elysian Park, and in recognition 
of his services in this direction the Merchants' 
and Manufacturers' Association made him an hon- 
orary life member. One of the residence show 
places of Los Angeles also owes its existence to 
Judge Silent, that of Chester Place, where he has 
his home, a stately old mansion reflecting the cul- 
ture and taste of by-gone days. With numerous 
other enterprises his identification has also been 


such as to influence largely the trend of advance- 
ment, and to no one man is more credit due for 
the progress and upbuilding of the city. He is 
held in the highest esteem by all who have known 
him during the years of his residence in Cali- 
fornia, honored alike for the qualities of mind 
and heart which have distinguished his profes- 
sional and business career. 

In his political preference Judge Silent is a 
stanch advocate of the principles of the Repub- 
lican party, and although eminently broad minded 
and liberal in his views, has conscientiously sought 
to advance the interests he endorses. He has 
always taken a prominent part in public affairs 
and would have been chosen to high places of re- 
sponsibility if his consent could have been gained 
by those desirous of so honoring him. By the life 
he has led, however, he has wielded a wider influ- 
ence and a more lasting one, for he has shown 
himself to be a liberal and earnest citizen, looking 
toward the advancement of the general welfare 
first and always without thought of personal re- 
ward ; a sincere and helpful friend ; and an im- 
partial and discriminating judge. He merits the 
position he holds as a representative citizen of 
Los Angeles. 

WILLIAM LACY. One of the pioneer busi- 
ness men of Southern California who left his 
imprint upon the community was William Lacy, 
a native of England, born in London, June u, 
1835, and there he was reared to years of ma- 
turity. In young manhood he decided to seek 
his fortune among the larger opportunities of 
the western world, and accordingly located in 
I Hindis, and near the city of Chicago met and 
married Isabella Rigg, also a native of England. 
born and reared in Northumberland. It was in 
1S64 that they first became numbered among the 
pioneer citizens of California, in that year mak- 
ing the journey to the Pacific coast via the Isth- 
mus of Panama, and locating in Marin county, 
where in Bolinas Mr. Lacy established a general 
merchandise business. Four years later he dis- 
posed of these interests and going to San Diego 
became interested in the upbuilding and develop- 
ment of that place as one of its pioneer resi- 
dents. ( Ipportunities presenting themselves in 
Los Angeles, he came to this city in 1874, and 

until the time of his death, August 7, 1897, at 
the age of sixty-two years, was foremost in the 
advancement of all projects which had for their 
end the upbuilding and development of the best 
interests of the general community. He was first 
and for some years engaged as cashier of the 
Commercial, now the First National Bank, dis- 
charging the duties of this office in an efficient 
manner, while he at the same time gave thought 
and enterprise to other lines. Giief among these 
was the organization of the Puente Oil Company, 
in which he was the prime mover, and after the 
completion of the enterprise they at once began 
prospecting and developing wells in the great 
Puente oil field, the second oil field to be de- 
veloped in Southern California. The responsibil- 
ities of the presidency of this company proving 
too engrossing with his other interests, he finally 
resigned the cashiership in order to devote his 
time and attention to the other project and to the 
close of his career remained actively identified 
with the oil interests of this section. Later he 
also became interested in the real estate of the 
city and in the passing years laid out several 
additions to East Los Angeles, which have ma- 
terially extended the corporate limits. In the 
municipal advancement of the city he was always 
active and no citizen took a keener interest in 
the upbuilding of the general welfare. 

In his political affiliations Mr. Lacy was a 
stanch adherent of the principles advocated in 
the platform of the Democratic party, and al- 
though never desirous of personal recognition 
always gave his aid in the advancement of these 
interests. His wife survived him some years, 
passing away in Los Angeles in February, 1905. 
They were the parents of six children, namely: 
William, Jr.. president of the Lacy Manufactur- 
ing Company ; Richard H, secretary and treas- 
urer of the Lacy Manufacturing Company; Ed- 
ward, engaged in the mines of Old Mexico; 
Fred G., who died at the age of twenty-eight 
years ; Sophia and Isabelle, of Los Angeles. 

RICHARD H. LACY, a native Californian and 
one of the successful manufacturers of Los An- 
geles, was born in Marin county, August 14, 
1866, a son of William Lacy. During his youth 
Richard H. Lacy was educated in the public and 

Y /'-t^T*— -£■ (. 



high schools of Los Angeles, after which he took 
a commercial course in one of the business col- 
leges of the city. He was only a young man 
when he became interested with his father in the 
organization of the Puente Oil Company, in 
which he became a director and is still occupy- 
ing that position. It was in 1885 that the exten- 
sive manufactory owned by the Lacy brothers 
was established, the plant being located on Al- 
pine street and consisting only of an equipment 
for the manufacture of oil tanks and water pipes. 
During the next twelve years, or up to the time 
of their incorporation as the Lacy Manufacturing 
Company, they constantly increased the business 
capacity and at the present writing own a plant 
on Main and Date streets which covers an entire 
block, and where they turn out everything in 
plate and sheet steel work. This is one of the 
most extensive manufactories of the city and has 
added no little to the business upbuilding of the 
place through the employment of a large force 
of men and a constant output of product. Will- 
iam Lacy acts as president of the company, while 
Richard H. is secretary and treasurer. They have 
demonstrated their ability among the business 
men of Southern California, have built up a luc- 
rative business, and have added to the general 
prosperity of the section. 

The marriage of Mr. Lacy occurred in Los 
Angeles and united him with Miss Maude Sul- 
livan. As did his father, Mr. Lacy takes an 
active interest in all matters of public import 
and can always be counted upon to further any 
movement advanced for the general welfare of 
the community. He is active in financial affairs, 
being a director in the United States National 
Bank of Los Angeles, and also belongs to the 
Merchants & Manufacturers Association, in the 
advancement of whose interests he takes an 
active part. Personally he is esteemed by all 
who know him. and is universally placed among 
the representative citizens of Los Angeles and 
of Southern California. 

JAMES D. GRAHAM. The greatest pos- 
sible good to the community of which he is 
a resident comes through the efforts and abil- 
ities of James D. Graham, a well-known and 

popular educator of Southern California, who 
for seventeen years was connected with the 
schools of Pasadena, first as principal, then as 
supervising principal, and for five years as 
superintendent. Preceded by many years of 
valuable experience in the educational field 
he took up the work in Pasadena with a full 
understanding of the duties which lay before 
him, and that he made a complete success of 
the undertaking may be readily seen by a re- 
sume of his career. From the ten public 
schools of the city about fifty-five hundred 
pupils came under his special care and train- 
ing, and with the support and assistance of the 
one hundred and fifty teachers under his charge 
a permanent and ennobling work was accom- 
plished, gratifying in the extreme to those 
immediately involved, but no less so to par- 
ent- and citizens. In June, 1907, Mr. Graham 
was elected superintendent of the schools of 
Long Beach, and resigning his position in 
Pasadena he assumed his new duties in the 
September following. Here he has the assist- 
ance and co-operation of one hundred teach- 
ers in the training of the four thousand pupils 
under their care. 

A descendant of Scotch ancestors. James D. 
( iraham was born in Peterborough, Ontario, 
November 22, 1858. and until he was six years 
of age was reared in his birthplace. Even at 
this early age he had been initiated into the 
school room, and upon the removal of the fam- 
ily to Lakefield in 1864 he continued his studies. 
Afterward he prepared for college at the Peter- 
borough Collegiate Institute, earning the 
wherewithal for this course by teaching for 
three and a half years. Subsequently he en- 
tered the literary department of Toronto Uni- 
versity, studying there for three years, when 
he accepted a position as principal of the Lake- 
field public school, later returning to the uni- 
versity and finishing his course. In 1888 he 
graduated with the degree of A. B.. and three- 
years later the degree of A. M. was conferred 
upon him by his alma mater. It was with the 
above training that Professor Graham came to 
California in 1888 and entered into educational 
work in a field that was waiting for a man of 
his breadth of knowledge and executive abil- 
ity. During: his first year in the west he be- 



came an instructor in the department of 
science and mathematics at the University of 
Southern California. For eighteen months he 
acted as private tutor in the family of Daniel 
Freeman. It was in the latter part of 1890 
that he went to Pasadena and accepted the po- 
sition of principal of the high school, and so 
satisfactory were his services that at the end 
of two years he was elected supervising prin- 
cipal of the school system, a position for which 
he had special qualifications. During the long 
period of his association with educational work 
there the standard of the curriculum was ele- 
vated, new methods of instruction were intro- 
duced and the whole tone of the school work 
raised to a point which has made the schools 
of Pasadena rank second to none in the state. 
In addition to his duties as principal Professor 
Graham served a term of two years as a mem- 
ber of the Los Angeles county board of educa- 
tion, and for one year was president of that 

After locating in California Professor Gra- 
ham formed domestic ties by his marriage 
with Miss Elizabeth E. Rust, a daughter of 
Horatio X. Rust, a well-known resident of 
South Pasadena. Five children have blessed 
their marriage, Donald R.. Katherine M., 
James D.. Jr., Robert H. and Malcolm E. 
While in Pasadena the family had a pleasant 
home at No. 500 Ellis street, and since coming 
to Long Beach they have resided at No. 1123 
Cedar avenue, which Mr. Graham owns. Every 
project which tends to broaden or strengthen 
educational facilities has in Professor Graham 
a stanch supporter. He was a member of the 
hoard of freeholders who prepared the charter 
adopted by Pasadena, being especially inter- 
ested in the educational department. In 1905 
In- was elected president of the Southern Cali- 
fi rnia Teachers Association, serving one term. 
1'olitically he is a Republican, and fraternally 
he is a member of Pasadena Lodge Xo. 272. 
I-. i\: A. M.. and Pasadena Consistory Xo. 4. 
From tlie date of its organization he was a 
member of the Hoard of Trade of Pasadena. 
Socially he belongs to the Twilight Club and 
i~ also a member of the Cosmopolitan Club of 
Long Beach, for many years he has been ac- 
tively identified with the National Educational 

Association and is also a member of the State 
Teachers Association. In his religious affilia- 
tions he is a member of the Presbyterian 
Church of Long Beach and for many years he 
was superintendent of the Sunday school with 
which he was associated in Pasadena. Pro- 
fessor Graham's father, Robert Graham, is a 
well-known citizen of Lakefield, Ontario, 
where he has been engaged in a general mer- 
cantile business since 1864. Before her mar- 
riage his wife was Miss Jessie Menzies, a na- 
tive of Perthshire. Scotland, which was also 
the birthplace of Mr. Graham. The mother 
passed away September 3, 1906. Four sons 
and one daughter were born to these worthy 
parents, ami three sons are in business with 
their father. 

men who possess a strong faith in the future of 
Los Angeles and who give evidence of that faith 
through their large business transactions and 
extensive investments, mention properly belongs 
to Harry R. Callender, of Wright & Callender 
Company, real-estate dealers, through whose 
office a large share of the business of this city 
and outlying territory passes. Mr. Callender is 
a native of Illinois, born in Chicago April 13, 
1871. the son of William Henry and Martha 
I Clarke) Callender, the former horn in Pitts- 
field, Mass., and the latter also a native of that 
state. Mr. Callender has no personal knowledge 
of his father, for when he was only a year and 
a half old his mother was left a widow, thus 
his training and care fell entirely to his mother. 
His earlier years were associated with the mid- 
dle west, and there also he received his initiatory 
school training. For some time he attended a 
private school in Dayton, Ohio, and about 1886 
went east to complete his education, becoming a 
student in Chauncey Hall, in Boston, Mass. 
Later he entered the Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology, becoming a member of the class of 
1803. but ill-health interfered with his gradua- 
tion and in reality brought his school life to a 
cli ise. 

Believing that complete restoration to health 
awaited him in the west, he went to Xew Mex- 
ico and for eight months lived on the plains. 



This temporary isolation from friends and fa- 
miliar scenes was not without its compensation, 
for at the end of that time he was sufficiently 
lecovered to consider returning home. How- 
ever, before returning to Boston he decided to 
visit California, and in October. 1892, came to 
Los Angeles as a tourist. Quick to see the pos- 
sibilities of the growing metropolis, he decided 
to remain and cast in his lot with the business 
interests of the town, a decision which has re- 
sulted in large financial returns to himself and 
has been of untold advantage to the city which 
he has since called home. In 1894 he engaged in 
the insurance and real-estate business with E. D. 
Silent, and during the following two years he 
was interested in the oil-producing business. 

It was in 1897 tnat Mr. Callender turned his 
attention more exclusively to the real-estate busi- 
ness, associating himself at that time with Gil- 
bert S. Wright, under the name of Wright & 
Callender. In [906 the business was incor- 
porated as the Wright & Callender Company, of 
which Air. Wright is president and Mr. Callen- 
der secretary and treasurer. Numerous tracts 
have been laid out and sold by the company in 
home lots, besides which they do an extensive 
business in handling both residence ami business 
property, making a specialty, however, of the 
latter. They now have in course of erection one 
of the finest office buildings in Los Angeles, 
known as the Wright & Callender building, lo- 
cated on the southwest corner of Hill and Fourth 
streets. This is what is known as the class A 
type of building, modern in construction and 
finish, ten stories in height, and is strictly fire- 
proof. The exterior finish is of Roman pressed 
brick and terra-cotta, the entrance lobby is 
walled with marble, with solid marble stairway 
to second story and basement, and the floors are 
of mosaic tiling. Special thought has been given 
to the artistic value of both construction ami 
finish, so when completed the building will be 
pleasing and homelike as well as safe and com- 

.Mr. Callender was married in Los Angeles. 
January 11. igoo, to Miss Ada Patterson, a na- 
tive of Ohio, and two children have been bora to 
them, Harry Rea. Jr., and Virginia Patterson. 
Mr. Callender finds needed relaxation from busi- 
ness responsibilities in the various fraternal and 

social organizations which claim his membership, 
among the latter being the California Club, Uni- 
versity Club, Los Angeles Athletic Club, Los 
Angeles Country Club and the Automobile 1 lub 
of Southern California. He is a Mason of the 
thirty-second degree and also belongs to the 
Shrine. Politically he is a hearty supporter of 
Republican principles. As is natural for one as 
keenly in touch and sympathy with his home 
city as is Mr. Callender he is a member of the 
Chamber of Commerce, now serving as a direc- 
tor, and is also a director and the treasurer of 
the Municipal League. As a business man of 
Los Angeles Mr. Callender takes high rank, and 
if his success in the years which have passed can 
be taken as a criterion, a brilliant future lies be- 
fore him in the business world. 

As a successful physician and county coroner. 
Dr. Roy Stanley Lanterman has risen to a 
high place in the esteem and respect of his 
fellow citizens of Los Angeles — city- and 
county. A native of Lansing, Mich., he was 
born Jul} - 20, 1869: his father, J. L. Lanter- 
man. was born in Blairstown, X. J., thence re- 
moved in young manhood to Lansing, Mich., 
and there engaged as a dentist. In 1874 he 
gave up his practice and coming to California 
located his family in Oakland. Later he came 
to Southern California and purchased La Ca- 
nada rancho. which comprised six thousand 
acres, upon which at first he engaged in rais- 
ing cattle, but later engaged as a horticultur- 
ist, having seventy-five acres in fruit. He has 
sold a large part of the ranch and is now re- 
tired from the active cares of life, and is mak- 
ing his home in Los Angeles. His wife, 
Amoretta Chrisman, also a native of New 
Jersey, died in 1903, leaving three children: 
Stella, wife of L. X. La Fetra, of Glendora ; 
F. D.. of Los Angeles; and Roy S., of this 

A child of five years. Roy Stanley Lanterman 
was brought to California and in the public 
schools of the state he received his first educa- 
tional training. Later he attended McPherron's 
Academy, still later was a student in the Uni- 
versity of Southern California, and graduated 



from the medical department of the University 
of Maryland in Baltimore in 1893. He then 
assisted in the Bayview Hospital for a time 
and gave his attention to nervous diseases, 
after which he took a special course in gyne- 
cology and general surgery with Drs. Kelley 
and Cameron. Returning to Los Angeles in 
1895 he began the practice of his profession in 
Santa Monica and continued so occupied for 
four years. He then located on La Canada 
rancho and improved one hundred acres, put- 
ting it all under irrigation and raising fruits. 
Later he subdivided about sixty acres of the 
property. In 1903 he resumed the practice of 
medicine, locating in Los Angeles at the cor- 
ner of Fourth and Spring streets, and now has 
offices in the Grosse building. In 1906 he was 
nominated on the Republican ticket to the of- 
fice of county coroner, was elected, and in 
January, 1907, took the oath of office for a 
term of four years. 

In Santa Monica Dr. Lanterman was united 
in marriage with Miss Emily C. Folsom, a 
native of Washington. D. C, and daughter of 
Dr. Edward C. Folsom, a practicing physician 
of Santa Monica, who served in the Civil war 
and was afterward an officer in one of the de- 
partments in Washington. Dr. Lanterman 
and his wife have two children. Lloyd and 
Frank. Mrs. Lanterman is a member of the 
Congregational Church. The doctor is asso- 
ciated fraternally with the Knights of Pythias, 
Woodmen of the World, and the Eagles, is a 
member of the State Medical Association, and 
is also enrolled among the enterprising citi- 
zens who make up the Chamber of Commerce. 
The high position Dr. Lanterman holds among 
the citizens of Los Angeles has been won by 
personal effort and the demonstration of fear- 
less, upright characteristics. At the time of 
the great earthquake and fire of San Francisco 
he left on the first relief train from Los An- 
geles for that distressed city and established 
the relief hospital located in the Jefferson 
Square building at the corner of Octavia and 
Golden date avenue, and this he kept in opera- 
tion for nineteen days, treating about two 
thousand patients. So important was this 
work done by Dr. Lanterman when first estab- 
lished that General Funston requested that. he 

continue it as long as possible. This spirit of 
devotion to his profession and the cause of 
humanity has been evident in all that Dr. 
Lanterman has done since locating here, and 
it is through such demonstration that the pub- 
lic has come to regard him as one of the safe, 
conservative and yet progressive men among 
its citizens. 

WILLIAM J. BRODRICK. With the pass- 
ing of William J. Brodrick, another pioneer of 
the state crossed the unknown desert separating 
the valley of toil and suffering from the land of 
gold by the side of the ocean of eternal peace. 
October 18, 1898, he laid aside the responsibilities 
of life, which, it is said by those who knew him 
best, were borne with the courage and fortitude 
which distinguished his entire career. Mr. Brod- 
rick was not an American by birth, having been 
horn in Cambridge. England, January 2, 1847, 
but the loyalty with which he upheld the insti- 
tutions of his adopted country proved his title 
true to the best strains of English blood and 
American citizenship. As the son of an army 
officer he received a good education, and in [865, 
then a youth of eighteen years, crossed the Atlan- 
tic to New York City, where he sought to obtain 
a livelihood. After a few years spent in that lo- 
cation he made a trip to South America, visiting 
1 Vru and Chili ; returning to the United States, 
he came to California in the year 1869 and in the 
city of Los Angeles made his home for the re- 
mainder of his life. As soon as the laws permitted 
he became a naturalized citizen of the country 
he had learned to respect for its liberal institu- 
tions, his loyalty and support ever afterward be- 
ing given with his citizenship. 

Mr. Brodrick entered into the insurance busi- 
ness as a li ical agent for old-line companies, estab- 
lishing his office in this city and proceeding to 
build up a liberal patronage. Through a pleas- 
ing personality he won friends before demon- 
strating his business ability; he retained the es- 
teem thus won by an exercise of tact and the 
sagacious judgment with which nature hail so 
liberally endowed him. I lis methods were laid 
strictly on business lines and could not but in- 
spire respect among his associates. He gradually 
assumed a place of importance in the public 




affairs of the city and up to the time of his death 
remained actively identified with many of the 
most important movements in its development. 
Upon the organization of the Main Street and 
Agricultural Park Railway Company he became 
an officer and shortly afterward was chosen pres- 
ident, which position he retained to the time of 
bi> demise; he was also vice-president and audi- 
tor of the Los Angeles City Water Company, in 
which he had served as a member of the board 
of directors since its organization. For several 
years he was identified in like capacity with the 
Crystal Spring Land & Water Company ; and as 
a director in the Metropolitan Building & Loan 
Association his ripened judgment meant valu- 
able assistance in the promotion of its interests, 
as it did also in the Puente Oil Company, in 
which he was very active. 

Regardless of his engrossing personal affairs 
Air. Brodrick was ever found ready to lend him- 
self heartily to all public enterprises of the city, 
county cr state. As a member of the Chamber 
of Commerce and Board of Trade he was active 
in his efforts to advance their interests, and was 
also prominent in various social clubs of the city, 
among them the California and Jonathan Clubs. 
For over four years lie served on the board of 
fire commissioners of Los Angeles, being recom- 
mended to the position by the comptroller of 
currency, who had just had reason to compli- 
ment him upon the performance of his duties as 
receiver of the First National Bank of San Ber- 
nardino; properly estimating the executive quali- 
ties as demonstrated by Mr. Brodrick and realiz- 
ing the need of adequate protection from fire and 
the presence of such men on the board, he was 
generous in his praise and recommendation. That 
Mr. Brodrick fulfilled the high expectations of his 
friends was evidenced by the reforms which were 
instituted during his tenure of office. 

On the 8th of May, 1877, Mr. Brodrick was 
united in marriage with Miss Laura E. Carlisle. 
She is a native of Los Angeles and a daughter of 
Robert S. and Francisca (Williams) Carlisle, the 
former of whom was born in Kentucky, the repre- 
sentative of a Virginia family of English ancestry. 
As a boy he went to Mexico and later came to 
Los Angeles, where in 1857 he married Fran- 
cisca Williams. Later he became the owner of 
the Chino ranch of fifteen thousand acres, upon 

which he engaged in stock-raising until his death, 
which occurred in 1865. He is survived by his 
widow, who now makes her home in Los Ange- 
les, at the corner of Flower and Washington 
streets. Mrs. Brodrick was educated at Laurel 
Hall, in San Mateo county. Of the seven chil- 
dren born to her four are living, namely : Fran- 
cisca, Anita, Lucy and Eugene Carlisle. Her 
home, located at 1936 South Figueroa street and 
numbered among the most beautiful residences of 
the city, is presided over with gracious dignity, 
the appointments without and within bespeaking 
the culture and refinement of its occupants. She 
enjoys the esteem of a large circle of friends 
who appreciate her womanly qualities and in 
social life she exercises a wide influence. 

Mr. Brodrick was a member of St. Vincent's 
Church, of Los Angeles, and his interment is in 
Calvary Cemetery. With his death was lost to 
the city one of its best citizens, both in a personal 
and a wider sense, because he acquired not only 
a financial success, but enjoyed as well the un- 
bounded confidence of all who knew him. He 
was far-sighted and discriminating in judgment 
and unerringly invested his means in that which 
would bring him increased financial returns ; 
and in an unexcelled spirit of generosity this 
ability was freely used for the benefit of whoever 
sought his advice. Although of English birth 
he was American in the broad sense implied by 
that term, in life and character displaying the 
best traits of this citizenship ; he was a typical 
Californian in his hospitality and a westerner 
when viewed in the light of his energy and en- 
terprise. His ideals were high and governed all 
his actions ; his motives were never questioned 
by those who knew him best and appreciated him 
most for the qualities of character so rarely met 
with, so steadfastly disciplined, so honestly mani- 
fested. It is enough to say that he was rep- 
resentative of the type of men who have made 
California what it is to-day. 

REUBEN SHETTLER. In the making of 

his choice of a permanent location as 
well as in his identification with a grow- 
ing industry Mr. Shettler feels that he 
has been especially fortunate. His in- 
terest in Los Angeles dates from the year 



1895. when for the first time he came 
hither to spend a season where the climate 
was less trying than in the middle west, where 
the greater part of his life had been spent. 
Alter a number of seasons similarly spent he 
decided to take up his permanent residence 
here, a decision which has proven of mutual 
benefit to Mr. Shettler and to Los Angeles as 
well. Born in London, England, in 1853, he 
was a lad of seven years when with his parents 
he came to the United States and settled on 
a farm near Canandaigua, Ontario county. X. 
Y. He was educated principally in the public 
schools of that vicinity and at the age of 
twenty years he took up the burden of self- 
support. Of a mechanical turn of mind natur- 
ally he looked for employment in that line and 
was more than ordinarily successful in his ef- 
forts. Going to Battle Creek, Mich., in 1873 
lie took up mechanics, having a natural in- 
clination for that line of work, and in his ex- 
perience in running threshing machines made 
observations which led to the manufacture of 
the Shettler thresher. The machine was at 
first manufactured at Battle Creek by the 
Upton Manufacturing Company, but later the 
plant was moved to Port Huron, Mr. Shettler 
becoming largely interested in the company, 
and until 1885 was superintendent of the plant. 
In the mean time Mr. Shettler invented the 
friction clutch for use in the mechanism of 
traction engines and threshers, a basic patent 
which marked the beginning of the great suc- 
cess in the running" of rapid moving machinery. 
Prior to this the positive clutch had been the 
embodiment of the highest knowledge along 
this line. The friction clutch is now used uni- 
versally the world over and it can be safely 
said that automobiling would not be a success 
were it not for the basic principle which it in- 
volves. It was in t886 that Mr. Shettler lo- 
cated in Lansing. Mich., and established him- 
self in the jobbing business, representing the 
Huber Manufacturing Company, manufactur- 
ers of threshers and heavy machinery. The 
business grew to large proportions and gave 
greal promise of continued success, but not- 
withstanding this Mr. Shettler finally with- 
drew his interest in the business, having in the 
meantime become largely interested in the 

manufacture of automobiles. Coexistent with 
his invention of the friction clutch was the pos- 
sibility of its application to the running gear 
of the automobile, and his interest in the manu- 
facture of this machine may be said to date 
from this time. In 1886 he rode in a steam 
automobile, made by R. E. Olds, a car which 
was afterwards sold in Australia. Two years 
afterwards, in 1888, Mr. Shettler became as- 
sociated wilh Mr. Olds in the manufacture of 
gas engines and gasoline automobiles, Mr. 
Shettler being the first person interested with 
Mr. ( Hds in what later became the Olds motor 
works. In 1903 Mr. Shettler organized the 
Reo Motor Car Company, of which he is still 
vice-president, and during that year the com- 
pany erected shops in Lansing and began the 
manufacture of the Reo automobile. The sale 
of the Reo in the Lnited States has eclipsed 
that of any other automobile, a statement 
which is borne out by the fact that in 1907 
they manufactured forty-two hundred and 
fifty cars, the business amounting to $4,500,- 
000. As an index of the business which they 
expect to do during the year 1908 it may be 
said that they have increased the size of the 
plant to an extent that will enable them to 
turn out one-third more business than during 
the previous year, or over six thousand cars. 
As an indication of the appreciation in which 
t'ne employes of the company are held it may 
not be out of place to here mention that dur- 
ing the year 1907 the company paid to them a 
dividend of five per cent on the amount of 
their yearly wages, this applying to each and 
every employe. 

Mr. Shettler's marriage united him with 
Sarah B. Thorpe, who was born in Tecumseh, 
Mich., a descendant of Governor Winslow of 
Massachusetts. She is a woman of rare liter- 
ary qualities and is well known in club circles 
in Los Angeles, being a member of the Ebell, 
Friday Morning and Ruskin Art Clubs, as well 
as of the Young Woman's Christian Associa- 
tion. Both Mr. and Mrs. Shettler are mem- 
bers of the Episcopal Church, and politically 
Mr. Shettler is a Republican. Their only son, 
Leon T., is tlie Pacific coast agent for the Reo 
automobile. In addition to the business in- 
terests already mentioned Mr. Shettler was an 



important factor in financial circles in his for- 
mer home city, being one of the organizers of 
the Capitol National Bank of Lansing, and he 
is now a director of the American National 
Bank of Los Angeles. Personally no one is 
held in higher esteem than Mr. Shettler. 
Qualities of a high order endear him to a large 
circle of friends, both in business and social 
life. No worthy undertaking is carried for- 
ward without his support, in fact no one ap- 
peals to him in vain for sympathy and help, 
and much of his means is given for the uplift- 
ing of his fellowmen. Though at one time he 
was very actively identified with business af- 
fairs, he is now living practically retired. 

MILTON D. PAINTER. To mention the 
name of Air. Painter suggests at once one which 
is synonymous with it, La Pintoresca, the famous 
winter resort of which he is the proprietor. Its 
commanding position, being located between 
Pasadena and the base of the Sierra Mad re 
mountains, on an elevation one thousand feet 
above sea level, gives an outlook over the 
San Gabriel valley, the ocean thirty miles distant, 
the lowlands and foothills and towering mount- 
ain peaks, to say nothing of the thriving orange 
and lemon groves, and fields and gardens irides- 
cent with Nature's handiwork in the many ex- 
quisite flowers which flourish in this climate. 
What was known as the Painter hotel was found- 
ed in 1887 by the father, John H. Painter, and 
his two sons, Alonzo J. and Milton D.. the build- 
ing then having a capacity of sixty sleeping 
rooms, but in 1807 it was enlarged and re- 
furnished throughout, and from the latter date 
has been known by the euphonious name La 
Pintoresca. In connection with his hostelry Mr. 
Painter also carries on a livery business, chiefly 
for the accommodation of his guests, however, 
and not for financial gain. 

The earliest ancestor of the Painter family 
of whom we have any authentic knowledge is the 
great-grandfather. Jacob, a son of John and 
Susanna Painter, who was born August 21. 1764, 
and died Mav 9, 1851. His marriage united him 
with Mary, daughter of Robert and Abigail 
Hunt, who was born July 25, 1768, and died 
September 7, 1818. The son of Jacob and Mary 

Painter, David was born February 4, 1792, and 
on October 2j, 1813, he married Ann Webb, 
who was born June 12, 1787, of Pennsylvania 
parentage. Some time after his marriage David 
Painter removed to Salem, Ohio, where he set- 
tled down to agricultural pursuits, and there 
he died in August, 1866, his wife following him 
one year later. On the old homestead in Col- 
umbiana county their son, John H., was born 
September 3. 1 8 1 9. From Ohio he removed to 
what was considered the far west in 1844, taking 
up land in Cedar county, Iowa, where his fam- 
ily joined him the following year. With the 
growth and upbuilding of that commonwealth 
no name is perhaps any better known than that 
of Painter, and during the twenty-one years he 
made his home in Cedar county he entered into 
all phases of its life — political, social and com- 
mercial — and at one time served as justice of the 
peace. Subsequently he made his home in Mus- 
catine, Iowa, for fourteen years. His identifica- 
tion with California began in 1880, when he 
came to Pasadena, where he soon became as 
well known for business sagacity and judgment 
as he had been in the middle west. Besides buy- 
ing and selling land quite extensively he assisted 
in the building of the old original Painter house 
in 1887. His earth life came to a close April 9, 
1891, eleven years after coming west, and his 
wife died July 20, 1899. She was formerly 
Edith Dean, born in Ohio August 5. 1821, a 
daughter of James H. Dean, who was born in 
New York state April 14, 1799. His marriage, 
September 27. 1820, united him with Eleanor M. 
Winder, who was born in Virginia March 17, 
1799, and died in February, 1891. while he him- 
self passed away in Columbiana county, Ohio. 
March 28, 1885. Jonathan R. Dean, his father, 
was born May 26, 1776, and July 12, 1798, mar- 
ried Hannah Tuttle, who was born June 9. 1778, 
and died in October, 1851 ; his death occurred in 
September, 1840. Of the eight children born to 
John H. Painter and his wife six grew to years 
of maturity, as follows: Louis M.. who served 
in the Civil war and died when in his twenty- 
fifth vear; Ellen, Mrs. J. C. Michener; Esther, 
Mrs. L. H. Michener; Milton D. ; Alonzo J., 
deceased; and Mrs. Imelda A. Tebbetts. 

It was while the family was residing in Cedar 
county, Iowa, that Milton D. Painter was born 


in Springdale March 29, 1852. Until he was 
fourteen years old he attended the district schools 
near his home, and then entered the Muscatine 
schools, graduating from its high school five 
years later. His first work was as clerk with a 
lumber firm, then for five years he was in a 
wholesale grocery, and for the same length of 
time worked as a bookkeeper in Marshall county. 
Iowa. It was with this practical knowledge that 
he came to Pasadena in 1883, his father having 
located here three years previously. As has been 
previously stated he was associated with his 
father and brother in establishing the Painter 
hotel, a connection which existed until the death 
of the father and brother, when the management 
of the property fell into his hands. He is other- 
wise interested in real-estate, and is prominently 
connected with railroad interests in this city. In 
1885 he organized the North Pasadena Water 
Company and at the time of its incorporation 
was chosen secretary, and is now also the presi- 

.Mr. Painter's marriage, which was celebrated 
in Muscatine, Iowa, May 4, 1876, united him 
with Miss Mary E. Joy, who was born in Evans, 
N. Y. The history of the Joy family can be 
traced back to the time of King Henry VII I. 
of England, where the records mention one 
George Joy, who in 1517 was admitted as a 
fellow to Peterhouse College at Cambridge. Old 
manuscripts also mention that he was a "'learned, 
pious and laborious reformer in the reign of 
Henry VIII." In the Herald's College, London, 
may be seen the grant of a coat of arms to the 
descendants of Thomas Joy. The crest is a vine 
stump, with a dove standing between two 
branches, while the motto is "Vive la Joie.*' The 
earliest record of Thomas Joy in America bears 
date of 1634, and it is thought that he emi- 
grated from Hingham, Norfolk county, Eng- 
land, with a colony of about eight hundred per- 
sons who crossed the Atlantic in 1630, under the 
leadership of Governor Winthrop. The latter 
thus speaks of Mr. Joy: "There was a young 
fellow, Thomas Joy, whom they had employed 
to get hands fur the petition. He began to be 
very busy, but was laid hold on and kept in 
in "is four or five (lavs, and then he humbled 
himself, confessed what he knew, and blamed 
himself fur meddling in matters not his. and 

blessed God for the irons upon his legs, hoping 
they would do him good while he lived. So he 
was let out upon bail." In 1646, with his wife 
and four children, Thomas Joy moved from Bos- 
ton to Hingham, Mass., where he erected a mill 
which he conducted the remainder of his life, his 
death occurring October 21, 1678. He married 
Joan Gallop, the daughter of John Gallop, a 
celebrated Indian fighter and trader, who, with 
a son, served in the Pequod war and received 
large grants of land from the government. His 
wife was Hannah Lake, a niece of Governor 
Winthrop. John Gallop was killed in the fight 
with the Indians at Narragansett, December 19, 
1675. Of the eight children born to Thomas 
Joy and his wife the fourth son was Joseph Joy, 
born January 2, 1645, an d who married Man- 
Prince, August 29, 1667. L T pon May 26, 1690, 
their son, Joseph. Jr., married Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Capt. James Andrews. Their son David 
and his wife, Ruth, who were married in 1718, 
had a son. David, Jr., who married Elizabeth 
Allen. The next in line of descent was David 
the third, who in 1776 married Hannah Part- 
ridge, of Guilford, Vt. One of their children 
was Ira Joy, the grandfather of Mrs. Mary E. 
Painter, who in 1815 married Clarissa Ludlow. 
In 1S00 he went with his father to Onondaga 
county, N. Y.. and later went to Erie county, 
that state, where he accumulated considerable 
property, in fact Buffalo stands on a portion of 
his old homestead. As a contractor he assisted 
in the construction of the Erie Canal. In 1854 
he removed from Buffalo to Michigan, and his 
death occurred in Galesburg, that state. Will- 
iam H. Joy, his son and the father of Mrs. 
Painter, was born in Tompkins county, N. Y., 
October 24, 1819, and on October 24, 1843, he 
married Marion W. Ingersoll, at Evans, N. Y., 
their marriage resulting in the birth of thirteen 
children, of whom nine are still living. From 
Buffalo, which was then a small town. William 
H. Joy removed to Muscatine, Iowa, there be- 
coming agent for the United States Express 
Company, a position which he held until he was 
fifty-six years of age. He died when in his 
fifty-eighth year, his wife having died in 1870, 
about five years previous to his demise. Their 
daughter, Mrs. Painter, was born at Evans. X. 
Y. August 12, 1854, growing to womanhood in 

.._-,,.--••- -'^^ 



&. dSovJoi- 




Muscatine. Iowa, which was her home until the 
removal of the family to California. Her eldest 
child, Joy Painter, was born in Iowa March i, 
1879, and died in infancy. The living children 
are Charles Wilfred, horn in Muscatine, Iowa; 
Robert Alden and Marion, who were born in 
Pasadena. Mr. and Mrs. Painter took an im- 
portant part in the organization of the First 
Congregational Church of Pasadena, and were 
no less influential in founding the North Con- 
gregational Church, with which congregation 
they now worship. Personally Mr. Painter is 
a man of earnest, positive nature, of absolute 
fearlessness in matters of right and wrong, and 
of noble characteristics, all of which attributes 
bind him to his manv friends. 

GEN. EDWARD BOUTON, one of the 
representative citizens of Los Angeles, and a 
pioneer in its development and upbuilding, is 
the descendant of an ancestry which has given 
to the world many eminent men as warriors, 
statesmen and financiers, and — not the least 
among them — patriots who in the time of need 
have freely sacrificed everything of a personal 
nature to give to the cause of their country. 
They are one of the oldest families of America 
and previous to their location on American 
soil trace their genealogy back to the fifth cen- 
tury, where they were identified with the 
Visigoth clan, and the head of the Salian tribe, 
under King Hilderia, A. D. 481, who at his 
death left his son. Clovis, king of the tribe. 
This king as is well known in history eventu- 
ally embraced the Christian faith, which ex- 
ample was followed by many of his people, 
among whom were the ancestors of the Bou- 
ton family. The ancient Bouton shield or 
coat-of-arms had the following motto on a 
groundwork on perpendicular lines, "De 
Gules a la Fasce d'Or," which is old French. 
and its translation means a force as of a leop- 
ard when its attacks with its red mouth open. 
This coat of arms is still borne by the Count 
Chamilly, at present residing in Rome. 

Members of the Bouton family distinguished 
themselves in French history for many gen- 
erations, the military and court records 
abounding with their name and the valor of 

their deeds for two centuries. Nicholas Bou- 
ton, born about 1580, bore the title of Count 
Chamilly, he being the direct ancestor of Gen. 
Edward Bouton ; he was a Huguenot, and 
with his three sons, Herard and John (twins), 
and Xoel Bouton, was a refugee during the 
violent persecution of the Protestants by the 
Roman Catholics' during the predominance of 
the Guises in France. Later, the intolerance 
of the Catholics being over, Noel Bouton 
further advanced the honors of the family and 
was made Marquis de Chamilly, and in 1703 
became the marshal of all France, a life-size 
portrait of himself being placed in the gallery 
of French nobles at Versailles, France, where 
it is still to be seen. The Irish branch of the 
family was founded by a descendant of a 
brother of the marquis, who, in the reign of 

Louis XIV of France, rose to the rank of 
Premier Valette de Chambre, and died upon 
the scaffold in the prison of the Luxembourg 
in 1794, for his opposition to priest and king. 
This was Herard Bowton, who with his twin 
brother, John, received his education in the 
family of a priest in Ireland. Upon the revo- 
cation of the Edict of Nantes Herard Bowton 
returned to Ireland, still following the for- 
tunes of Marshal Tehomborge, under whom 
he served in the Protestant army under 'Wil- 
liam III, risking life and fortune in behalf of 
civil and' religious liberty. He particularly 
distinguished himself as a fearless and valiant 
soldier at the battle of the Boyne, July 1, 
1690, and was rewarded for his services with 
a share of the confiscated lands situated in the 
county of Ballyrack. The present Lord Mon- 
tague Bowton is a lineal descendant of Her- 
ard Bowton, who presumably returned to 
France after the battle of the Boyne. 

There is a tradition in the Bouton family 

i ob 


regarding the origin of the name, which re- 
lates that in the twelfth century an ancestor 
serving as chorister in the chapel of the duke 
of Burgundy founded his name and fortune 
and that of his family by striking down with 
his official baton an assassin who made an at- 
tempt on the life of his master. This act 
raised him in the ducal chapel to the position 
of page of honor to the duke of Burgundy, 
and his gallant achievement was properly 
commemorated by heraldic inscription on a 
shield which the family have ever since borne, 
viz.: De Gules a la Fasce d'Or. with the 
surname of Baton (since corrupted into Bou- 
ton) bestowed upon him by the duke. The 
change of Baton to Bouton was, it was said, 
in allusion to the brightness of the buttons 

with which as a page his coat was adorned. 
Despite this tradition, however, there were 
officers by the name of Bouton in William 
the Conqueror's army in 1060, a century ear- 
lier than the incident related of the chorister 
in the duke of Burgundy's chapel, this being 
the first advent of the Boutons into England. 
Honors came to the family in their new 
environment and in the civil, political and re- 
ligious life of England they early played a 
prominent part ; under the names of Boughton, 
Rouse and Broughton, two members were 
at the same time peers of England and six 
others represented seats in the English Par- 
liament. Rouse Boughton's ancestors were of 
very high antiquity in the counties of Surrey, 
Worcester, Warwick, Gloucester and Here- 
ford; in a history of Worcester it is men- 
tioned that its patriarchs of that shire accom- 

panied the Conqueror to England, and the 
statement is confirmed by the Battle Abbey 
Roll. The name of Boughton became merged 
into Rouse by Thomas Philip Rouse Bough- 
ton, who assumed the name of Rouse and took 
up his residence at Rouse Leach. This gen- 
tleman, as Thomas Rouse, Esq., served as high 
sheriff of Worcester in 1733. Charles Wil- 
liam Boughton, Esq. (second son of Schuck- 
burgh Boughton, Esq., of Poston Court, 
County Hereford, and grandson of Sir Wil- 
liam Boughton, fourth baronet of Lawford, 
County Warwick), assumed the surname of 
Rouse and represented the boroughs of Ever- 
sham and Bramber as Charles William 
Boughton Rouse, Esq. Boughton Rouse was 
chief secretary of the board of control and 
was created a baronet June 28, 1791, but soon 
afterward he inherited the baronetage of his 
own family, the Boughtons. Sir Edward 
Boughton, of Barchester, County Warwick, 
was created a baronet August 4, 1641. The 
Boughtons held baronetcies in England for 
eleven generations. To go back to an early 
descendant of the first English Bouton, we 
find William Bouton, who, according to tra- 
dition and history, was a Burgundian soldier 
of fortune who served in the army of Edward 
III of England when he invaded France in 
1356. He attained the title of Sir William 
Boughton, having won the personal favor of 
King Edward at the battle of Portiers, ever 
afterward followed his fortunes, and at the 
close of the campaigns returned with him to 
England. His estates were situated on the 
banks of the river Avon, and the manor house 
was known as Lawford hall, and was built by- 
Edward, son of Sir William, during the reign 
of Queen Elizabeth. Edward Boughton was 
high sheriff of the county and member of the 
shire, and after death his body was consigned 
to the family vault under the church at New- 

The ancestor who located the name on 
American soil was John Bouton, a lineal de- 
scendant of Count Chamilly. In July, 1636, 
at the age of twenty years, he embarked at 
Gravesend, England, in the barque Assurance, 
and landed at Boston, Mass., in December of 
the same vear. Earlv in the settlement of 



Hartford, Conn., he moved to that place, and 
in 1671 and for several years subsequent, he 
was a representative in the general court of 
the colony of Connecticut. Several succeed- 
ing generations were born in Connecticut, a 
son of the English emigrant, John Bouton, Jr., 
being a native of Norwalk, born September 
30, 1659. He married and reared a family, 
among his children being a son, Nathaniel, 
who was also born in Norwalk, in 1691, while 
his grandson, Daniel, son of Nathaniel, was 
born at New Canaan, township of Stratford, 
Conn., October 24, 1740. Daniel Bouton be- 
came captain of a company of Connecticut 
volunteers during the Revolutionary war and 
distinguished himself in the long and ardu- 
ous struggle, while his son, Russell Bouton, 
served his country well in the war with Eng- 
land in 1812. Russell Bouton was also a na- 
tive of Connecticut, born at Danbury, Octo- 
ber 31, 1790; at Reading, Conn., May 16, 1814, 
he married Mary Hinsdale, a daughter of 
Moses Hinsdale, who rendered valuable serv- 
ice in the Revolutionary war by the manu- 
facture of one hundred cannon for the co- 
lonial troops, from metal, mined, smelted and 
cast by himself, and for which he received 
nothing, simply because of the inability of the 
infant government to pay. Russell Bouton and 
his wife remained residents of Connecticut 
until 1821, and then moved to the township 
of Howard (now Avoca), Steuben county, N. 
Y., where Edward Bouton, the subject of this 
sketch, was born April 12, 1834. 

The years of youth and young manhood of 
Edward Bouton were passed upon the pa- 
ternal farm, where he interspersed an attend- 
ance of a country school at Goff's Mills with 
the duties incident to his home life, as his 
elder brothers had left home to start in life 
for themselves and his father was an invalid. 
He was thus early trained in self reliance and 
habits of industry, working in his father's 
fields from the age of thirteen years to the 
age of seventeen. He subsequently studied in 
Rodgersville Academy, where, as an evidence 
of his industry as a scholar, it may be cited 
that during a full term there were but two 
recitations that were not marked perfect, and 

also at Haverling Union School, at Bath, 
N. Y. 

Commercial activity, however, attracted the 
young man, and his twentieth birthday found 
him head clerk in the extensive dry goods 
store of Joseph Carter at Bath ; this interest 
was later consolidated with the store owned 
by Martin Brownwell, and this immense stock 
of goods was sent to LeRoy, N. Y., there to 
be placed in a store and closed out. Mr. Bou- 
ton was given entire charge of this enterprise 
and so well did he execute the task that it was 
completed the first of March, 1855, when he 
returned to Bath. There, with his former 
employer, he entered into partnership and es- 
tablished an extensive grocery, provision and 
produce business, buying and shipping wool, 
grain and produce of all kinds. Two years 
later he purchased his partner's interest in the 
business and built the largest store in Steuben 
county, locating purchasing agents at all the 
stations on the main line of the Erie Railway 
from Corning to Dunkirk, and on the Buffalo 
branch from Corning to Buffalo. For two 
years the superintendent of the Erie Railway 
reported that over half of the wool, grain and 
produce passing Corning eastbound on the 
road belonged to Ed. Bouton, as he was fa- 
miliarly called. When the great panic of 1857 
struck New York, closing every bank in the 
state except the Chemical Bank and John Ma- 
gee's Steuben County Bank at Bath in twenty- 
four hours, Mr. Bouton had about $1,250,000 
invested in wool stored in Pine street, the de- 
cline in the price of which in one day amount- 
ed to fully $100,000. The Erie Railway re- 
quired consignees to pay freight and remove 
goods in twenty-four hours, but at this time 
Mr. Bouton's shipments filled and blocked 
the entire Duane street pier in two days, and 
there was not a commission merchant in New 
York City who could receive the goods and 
pay the freight. Air. Moran, the president of 
the Erie Railway, authorized Mr. Bouton to 
move his goods and pay the freight at his con- 
venience. He rented and quickly filled a large 
storehouse on Dey street. All business was 
paralyzed and nearly all shippers but Mr. 
Bouton ceased trying to do business. Soon 
the hotels, boarding houses and private fami- 



lies were seeking supplies of butter, eggs, 
cheese and kindred articles, of which Mr. Bou- 
ton held the principal available supply in the 
citv. John Magee, who left an estate valued 
at $80,000,000. had such implicit confidence in 
Mr. Bouton's great energy and strict integ- 
rity, and deemed his business so beneficial to 
the community that he promptly rendered 
financial aid, requiring no security except that 
all advances should be paid in a reasonable 
time. In 1859 Mr. Bouton sold out his busi- 
ness in Bath, and going to Chicago, engaged 
in the grain commission business, owning ves- 
sel property on the lakes, and doing a grain 
and lumber shipping business. 

Mr. Bouton had in his family records num- 
berless examples for his action in 1861, when 
he closed up and sacrificed his newly estab- 
lished business to engage in the War of the 
Rebellion, for it is said that of the many Bou- 
tons throughout New England during the 
Revolutionary war there was not an able- 
bodied man who was not serving his country, 
and the records of the War department show 
that every northern state and over half of the 
southern states were represented by Boutons 
in the Union army during the War of the Re- 
bellion, three of them attaining the rank of 
brigadier-general. It is undoubtedly a his- 
torical fact that for some fourteen centuries 
members of this family have proven them- 
selves valiant soldiers on many of the impor- 
tant battlefields of the civilized world, and al- 
ways on the side of loyalty, religious liberty 
and better government. Mr. Bouton at once 
raised a battery for service in the Civil war, 
familiarly known as Bouton's battery, its offi- 
cial designation being Battery I, First Regi- 
ment. Illinois Light Artillery. At the 
time he organized this famous battery it was 
costing the state of Illinois $154 per capita to 
recruit, transport and maintain troops previ- 
ous to being mustered into the United States 
service. Bouton's battery cost the state only 
$13.20 per capita, the balance of the expense 
being paid out of the private purse of General 
Bouton. 'This battery rendered important 
service throughout the entire struggle, from 
the battle of Shiloh to those of Nashville and 
Franklin, three years later, in the first named 

conflict performing deeds of valor which 
meant no little in the winning of the Union 
forces. A detailed account of the participa- 
tion of Bouton's battery is herewith given, in- 
asmuch as its action during the first day of the 
conflict was one of the most potent factors in 
giving the victory on the following day : At 
about three in the afternoon of the first day 
the Union forces were compelled to retire 
from a timbered ridge about a third of a mile 
out from Pittsburg Landing. Some eight hun- 
dred yards in front of this ridge was the green 
point where the Hamburgh and Purdy Retails 
formed a junction. Here was concentrated a 
large Confederate force. When the Union 
forces fell back from this ridge, Bouton's Bat- 
tery, having a commanding position, held its 
ground and a detachment of the Fifty-third 
Ohio Infantry remained in supporting distance 
in the rear. If the Confederates gained the 
ridge their guns could sweep the Landing and 
the intervening space, and necessarily the fate 
of the Union army depended upon the pos- 
session of this ground, until night, or until 
Buell came. A Rebel battery of six six- 
pounder guns took position well in front and 
opened fire at about six hundred yards distant 
on Bouton's left front, which was promptly 
answered. It seemed that all other firing in 
the vicinity for the time was suspended, and 
the two opposing batteries occupied all atten- 
tion. For a half hour the combat raged furi- 
ously, when a Mississippi battery of four 
twelve-pounder howitzers took position and 
opened fire on Bouton's right front at short 
range, thus bringing him under a heavy cross 
fire. The latter then wheeled his right section 
of two guns under First Lieutenant Harry 
Rogers, and brought it to bear on the Missis- 
sippi battery. The failure of both batteries to 
drive him from the ridge called for Jackson's 
Brigade of Mississippi Infantry, which charged 
his battery in front, advancing between the 
two batteries on the right and left. This 
charge was met with guns double shotted with 
canister, which sent them back in broken dis- 
order. The fight between the batteries went 
on until the approach of night, just as Bouton 
fired his last round of ammunition. Then he 
fell hick to the main line in front of the Land- 



ing, taking off two guns (one disabled) by 
hand, with the aid of men from the Fifty-third 
Ohio, the horses on these guns having been 
killed. Bouton's Battery had been reported 
captured some two hours before, and when 
he turned up all right and it was ascertained 
that he had held the ridge against such odds, 
such a cheer of triumph was given as made the 
welkin ring. It meant victory for the morrow. 
The next day, with five guns re-supplied with 
ammunition, Bouton's Battery made a dash 
across an old cotton field, under a terrific fire 
of both infantry and artillery and occupied and 
held a position from which two batteries had 
been driven, and with canister at short range 
materially aided in driving Breckenridge from 
nearly the same ground occupied by Sher- 
man's division at the commencement of the bat- 
tle. In this famous artillery duel Bouton's 
Battery fired five hundred and forty rounds of 
ammunition, being more than reported by any 
other Union battery during the entire battle. 
It has been stated by General Halleck that in 
his opinion one thousand men saved the day 
at Shiloh, most conspicuous in the number 
being Bouton's Battery of Chicago. 

Captain Bouton, commanding his battery in 
person, first attracted the attention of his su- 
perior officers and brought to him another 
honor of distinction. In consultation with 
General Thomas on the one hand and his six 
division commanders on the other. Gen. 
Stephen A. Hurlburt, commanding Depart- 
ment of West Tennessee and Northern 
Mississippi, made choice of Captain Bouton, 
at that time chief of artillery of the Fifth Di- 
vision of the Sixteenth Army Corps, Sher- 
man's old Shiloh Division, to command one of 
six colored regiments which had been or- 
ganized in May, 1863. It was a happy choice 
that placed Captain Bouton in this position, 
for he brought to bear the same thoroughness, 
capacity for discipline and general ability 
which had distinguished him thus far in his 
military career. Less than two years later 
General Marcy. inspector-general of the United 
States army, after a thorough personal inspec- 
tion, pronounced three of the colored regi- 
ments in General Bouton's command, "in drill, 
discipline and military bearing equal to any 

in the service, regular or volunteer." Another 
instance of his courage on the field was an 
occurrence of July 13, 1864, a month after the 
disaster to the Union troops at Guntown, 
Miss., when in command of about four thou- 
sand, five hundred men, white and colored, he 
made a inarch of twenty-two miles in one day, 
from Pontotoc to Tupelo, Miss., guarding a 
heavy train of three hundred wagons and 
fighting at the same time four distinct battles, 
each successful and against superior odds. 
Generals A. J. Smith and Joseph Mower, com- 
manding corps and division, respectively, de- 
clared this achievement unsurpassed within 
their knowledge. 

During his army career General Bouton was 
several times mentioned in terms of commen- 
dation, especially for strict integrity, by both 
President Lincoln and Secretary of War Stan- 
ton, on one occasion Secretary Stanton saying 
that he was one of the few army officers who 
had been able to handle Confederate cotton 
without being contaminated. In recommend- 
ing General Bouton's promotion to brigadier- 
general General Grant said : "I consider Gen- 
eral Bouton one of the best officers in the 
army, and there is not one whose promotion I 
can more cheerfully recommend." Generals 
Halleck and Sherman pronounced him the best 
artillery officer in the army, General Halleck 
saying that he had never seen a better bat- 
tery than Bouton's either in Europe or Amer- 
ica, and that less than a thousand men had 
saved the day at Shiloh, most conspicuous 
among the number being Bouton's battery of 
Chicago. General Sherman said on one occa- 
sion : "Bouton was as cool under fire and as 
good an artillery officer as I ever knew, and 
there is no living man whom I would rather 
have handle my artillery in a hard fight." Gen- 
eral Washburn said that General Bouton'- de- 
fense of the rear of the vanquished Union 
forces, under General Sturgis, on their retreat 
from Guntown, Miss., to Germantown, Tenn., 
for two days and nights, a distance of eighty- 
one miles, with but a handful of men against 
the incessant and impetuous attacks of Gen- 
eral Forrest's victorious army, constituted one 
of the most heroic deeds recorded in history. 
Generals A. J. Smith and Joseph Mower both 



pronounced him the best brigade commander 
they had ever seen. When General Smith's 
veterans of the Sixteenth Corps were, for the 
third time, repulsed before the Spanish Fort 
at Mobile, he said to Colonel Kendrick : "I 
wish to God Bouton were here, he would go 
in there like a whirlwind." 

To show how the general was regarded by 
the Confederates, the following incident may 
be narrated : Soon after his promotion to be a 
brigadier-general, and when thirty years of 
age, he had some pictures taken at Oak gal- 
lery in Memphis, Term. One of these was ob- 
tained by the Confederate General N. B. For- 
rest from one of Bouton's officers, who was 
taken a prisoner of war. This picture General 
Forrest sent to Mobile, where hundreds of 
copies were made and distributed among the 
Confederate soldiers in the southwest. When 
Mobile was captured, both Gen. A. J. Smith, 
commanding the Sixteenth Corps, and Colonel 
Kendrick, formerly of General Bouton's com- 
mand, reported finding many of the pictures 
with the order endorsed upon them to kill or 
capture this officer at any cost or hazard. 

General Bouton's business ability, however, 
was not lost during his service in the war, 
and it was brought into play at a time when 
his country had most need for it. Memphis, an 
important river port, and geographically cen- 
tral to a large and wealthy cotton growing 
country, was a point not easily controlled sat- 
isfactorily to the general government and in 
the interest of the people. After many fail- 
ures and losses, and when confusion and dis- 
trust had long run riot. General Bouton was 
appointed provost-marshal of the city, which 
made him, for the time, dictator in affairs mili- 
tary and civil, including all trade privileges 
and care of abandoned property, of which 
there was much ; prisons, scouts, detectives, 
the police and sanitary regulation of the city, 
in short, everything in and immediately adja- 
cent to the city. With the most careful man- 
agement an expenditure of $9,000 a month was 
necessary to efficient government. In the ex- 
ercise of his usual fidelity and the appoint- 
ment of only the most trustworthy subordi- 
nates in every department, he soon introduced 
order ; collected and disbursed moneys ; paid 

all past indebtedness, heavy as it was, and 
current expenses ; and at the end of six months 
handed the government of the city over to the 
newly elected municipal officers and turned 
over several thousand dollars to the special 
fund of the War department. Another serv- 
ice which marked General Bouton as a man 
of unusual business sagacity was an act of his 
while serving as provost-marshal. Col. Sam 
Tate, of the Rebel army, came in to take the 
prescribed oath of allegiance, and having done 
this he expressed a desire to recover control 
of the Memphis & Charleston Railroad, of 
which he was president. The government, no 
longer needing the road for military purposes, 
General Bouton drew up a plan or agreement 
at the suggestion of Gen. John E. Smith, by 
which not only this but other southern roads 
in this section, were finally returned to their 
owners. One of the first and principal stipu- 
lations in the agreement was that no claim 
should ever be made against the government 
for the use or damage to said roads while 
they were being used for military purposes. 
All parties in the interest of the company hav- 
ing signed the agreement. General Bouton 
proceeded in person to New Orleans and to 
Nashville and secured the approval of Gener- 
als Canby and Thomas, department command- 
ers. Colonel Tate then went to Washington 
to complete with General Grant, the secretary 
of war, and the quartermaster-general, all ar- 
rangements for the transfer of the property. 
No sooner had he done this than he presented 
a claim against the government which Presi- 
dent Johnson, an old friend of his, ordered 
paid. Enemies of President Johnson charged 
that he received a part of this, and during the 
impeachment trial desired General Bouton's 
evidence on the contract. But, at the sug- 
gestion of General Grant, he never appeared. 
After Johnson's death it developed that he had 
never received a dollar of Tate's money. 

On February 28, 1866, on the voluntary 
recommendation of Generals Grant, Sherman 
and Rollins, General Bouton was offered a 
colonelcy in the regular army, which he de- 
clined. This was over five months previous 
to Gen. Nelson A. Miles' appointment to a 
colonelcy in the regular army, so that the ac- 



ceptance of this position would have enabled 
General Ronton at the present time to occupy 
the position of retired commander-in-chief of 
the army. 

It was in August, 1868, that General Bouton 
first came to Southern California, to make his 
home here ever since and assist materially in 
the development and upbuilding of the sec- 
tion. He first engaged in the sheep raising in- 
dustry, and the following year his ranges cov- 
ered the Boyle Heights country, while in 1870 
he had a camp on the ground now occupied by 
the thriving little city of Whittier. In 1874 
he purchased land in the San Jacinto valley 
and ranged his sheep over the present sites of 
Hemet and San Jacinto. Among his other 
possessions he for many years owned the 
ocean front at Alamitos bay from Devil's Gate 
to the inlet of the bay, while the famous arte- 
sian wells north of Long Beach were bored 
by him, and what is generally known as the 
Bouton water introduced into Long Beach 
and Terminal Island. It was in the early '70s 
that General Bouton experimented with and 
succeeded in producing on his old place, at the 
corner of College and Yale streets, what be- 
came known as the Eureka lemon, a fruit of 
superior growth and quality, the buds of which 
he at that time distributed to several nursery- 
men. For a number of years General Bouton 
has been extensively engaged in mining in 
Arizona and that portion of San Bernardino 
county bordering on the Colorado river, and 
in this line has met with the success which has 
characterized all his other efforts. He has, 
too, remained a potent factor in the develop- 
ment of the city of Los Angeles ; has perfect 
confidence in its future; and in his efforts 
gives freely of time and money to further 
every movement advanced for its welfare. The 
general has been twice married, his first wife 
being Miss Margaret Fox, whom he married 
January 20, 1859; she was born in Avoca, N. 
Y., and died in California August 14, 1891. In 
San Diego, Cal., March 22, 1894, General Bou- 
ton was united in marriage with Miss Elsa 
Johnson, who is connected with some of the 
best families in Sweden. One child, a son, has 
been born to them. 

The characteristics of a warrior are to a 

certain extent those of a pioneer, and both 
these opportunities have been in large meas- 
ure General Bouton's to exercise. When he 
came to Southern California there were but 
two houses on Boyle Heights where he ranged 
his sheep ; throughout this portion of the state 
was the same wilderness lands. To him and 
others of like calibre is owed the present-day 
greatness of this section, for no burden was 
too heavy, no undertaking too difficult for 
these hardy pioneers, and in their achievement 
is the unparalleled development of Southern 
California. A story which illustrates the dar- 
ing of General Bouton is the following, which 
appeared in the St. Louis Republican January 
8, 1891, in an article entitled, "Stories of 
Pioneer Daring:" "An equally remarkable dis- 
play of pure nerve was the exploit of Gen. 
Edward Bouton in a lonely pass in Southern 
California in 1879. A quiet, gentle-voiced, 
mild-mannered man, one would hardly sus- 
pect in him the reckless daring which won him 
distinction in some of the most desperate en- 
gagements of the Civil war. It was he of whom 
General Sherman said in my hearing: 'He was 
the most daring brigadier we had in the west.' 
The terrific artillery duel • between General 
Bouton's Chicago battery and two rebel bat- 
teries at Shiloh, and the desperate three hours 
at Guntown. Miss., when he and his brigade 
stood off the savage charge of nearly ten 
times as large a force, with the loss of nearly 
two-thirds of their number, will be remem- 
bered as one of the most gallant achievements 
of the great war. And the courage which 
does not depend on the inspiration of conflict 
and of numbers is also his. 

"In July, 1879, he had occasion to visit his 
great sheep ranch in the wild San Gorgonio 
Pass, California. The country was then in- 
fested with notorious Mexicans and American 
bandits, and travelers always went armed. 
General Bouton and his partner were driving 
along the moonlit forest road, when three 
masked men sprang suddenly from the bushes 
and thrust in their faces a double-barreled 
shotgun and two six-shooters, at the same 
time seizing their horses. It was understood 
that the general was carrying $18,000 to buy 
a band of nine thousand sheep, and this the 



highwaymen were after. They made the trav- 
elers dismount and fastened their arms behind 
them with chains, closing the links with a pair 
of pinchers. Another chain was similarly fast- 
ened about General Bouton's neck, and one of 
the desperadoes, a cocked revolver in hand, 
led him along by this, while the other two 
held shotgun and revolver ready to shoot at 
the slightest resistance from the prisoner. So 
the strange procession started off, the high- 
waymen desiring to march their prisoners 
away from the road to some secluded spot 
where their bodies could be safely concealed. 
Their intention to rob and then murder, fully 
established by later developments, was per- 
fectly understood by the captives, and the gen- 
eral decided if he must die he would die try- 
ing. As they trod the lonely path in silence, 
he felt along the chain which secured his 
wrist, with utmost caution, lest the bandit 
behind with a cocked shotgun should perceive 
his intent. Slowly and noiselessly he groped 
until he found a link which was not perfectly 
closed, and, putting all his strength into a 
supreme effort (but a guarded one) he 
wrenched the link still wider open and man- 
aged to unhook it. Without changing the po- 
sition of his hands perceptibly he began to 
draw his right cautiously up toward his hip 
pocket. Just as it rested on the grip of the 
small revolver concealed there, the highway- 
man behind saw what he was at, and with a 
shout threw the shotgun to his shoulder. But 
before he could pull the trigger. Bouton had 
snatched out his pistol, wheeled about, and 
shot him down. The desperado who was lead- 
ing Bouton by the chain whirled around with 
his six-shooter at a level, but too late, a ball 
from the general's revolver dropped him dead. 
The third robber made an equally vain attempt 
to shoot the audacious prisoner, and was in 
turn laid low by the unerring aim. It was 
lightning work and adamantine firmness, three 
shots in half as many seconds, and every shot 
a counter." 

Thus it will be seen that the traits which 
have made of General Bouton a soldier, pion- 
eer and the founder of a western civilization, 
are an inheritance, and not the accident of 
nature. The career of the Bouton familv has 

ever been synonymous with civilization. When 
it spread abroad among the nations it carried 
with it a higher grade of civilizing influences, 
which have left their impress upon the people 
with whom they came in contact, and the name 
has always been the harbinger of civil and 
religious liberty. Their descendants are by 
comparison numerous as the leaves of the for- 
est, and dispersed in almost every clime. It 
has taken deep root, and its fruits are found 
in other as well as in their own native Bur- 
gundian soil. For the principle of civil and 
religious liberty Sir William Boughton in 1356 
joined the standard of Edward III of England, 
when he invaded France, and for the same 
principle Herard Bowton followed the fortunes 
of William III of England, who, under Tehom- 
borge at Portiers and at the battle of the 
Boyne fought nobly for liberty. Again in the 
western world and amid a new civilization the 
name became distinguished in patriotism, and 
loyalty from the Revolution to the close of 
Civil strife, and when the days of warfare are 
ended the name becomes equally distinguished 
in the simple, practical duties of an American 
citizen's life. Such is Gen. Edward Bouton 
to-day, and as such he occupies a prominent 
place in the esteem of his fellow citizens — ■ 
honored for the magnificent record he has 
given to the world and for the example of 
manhood he has left for his coming genera- 
tion, and again honored for the part he has 
plaved in the civic life of the nation. 

tified with many important movements connected 
with the development of Los Angeles, Judge Al- 
bert Lee Stephens is named among the promi- 
nent citizens of this city and held in high esteem 
for the position he has taken in the life of the 
community. He is a native of Indiana, having 
been born in Warren county January 25, 1874; 
his father, E. E. Stephens, was born in Cincin- 
nati, of an old Virginia family, the great-grand- 
father having served in the Revolutionary war 
under General Washington and endured the 
hardships of Valley Forge, while he also served 
in the war of 181 2. E. E. Stephens engaged in 
the pork packing enterprise in Cincinnati for 




some time, later removed to Indiana, and in 
1884 he decided to locate in Southern California. 
After coming to the city of Los Angeles he fol- 
lowed a mercantile business for some time. He 
was appointed government meat inspector in 1895 
and has held the position ever since. His wife, 
who is also living, was formerly Araminda Rice, 
a native of Ohio, born near Cincinnati. They 
are the parents of two sons and four daughters, 
all of whom are living. 

Albert Lee Stephens was the second child in 
the family of his parents. He was brought to 
Los Angeles when about ten years old, and here 
in the public schools he received a preliminary 
education. His business training was received 
in his father's store, while at the same time he 
took up the study of law in the effort to equip 
himself for a professional career. Admitted to 
the bar in 1899, two years later he began the 
practice of his profession and at the same time 
became a student in the law department of the 
University of Southern California, where he also 
acted as an instructor. He graduated in 1903 
with the degree of LL. B. and has since continued 
both his practice and teaching, at the present time 
acting as instructor in the conduct of cases in 
court in the University of Southern California. 
Since 1906 he has practiced law in partnership 
with his brother, Jess E. Stephens, who was ad- 
mitted to the bar in that year. Mr. Stephens 
early became identified with public affairs and 
was looked upon by the conservative element 
among the citizens as a man of sound judgment 
and executive ability and although a Democrat 
in his political convictions he has never been un- 
duly narrow or partisan. It was on the Nonpar- 
tisan and Democratic ticket that he was nomi- 
nated in 1906 to the position of justice of the 
peace for Los Angeles township, and in the elec- 
tion that followed he was elected by a plurality 
of about fifteen hundred votes. He took the oath 
of office January 7, 1907. and has since con- 
ducted the affairs of this office in an eminently 
capable manner. 

Mr. Stephens takes time to associate himself 
with fraternal organizations, having been made a 
Mason in Hollywood Lodge, F. & A. M., and 
has since become a member of the Los Angeles 
Consistory and Al Malaikah Temple. He be- 

longs to the Los Angeles County Bar Associa- 
tion and the Chamber of Commerce, and takes 
a prominent part in all movements advanced for 
the welfare of the general community. 

ERNEST A. BRYANT, M. D. It is cer- 
tain that skilled physicians and surgeons, like 
the subject of this article, are in great demand 
wherever they elect to make their place of 
abode, and it is only the mediocre who are 
left behind in the race towards success and 
prominence. Although not a native of the 
United States, so much of Dr. Bryant's life 
has been passed on this side of the border that 
his strongest interests are here, and the loy- 
alty of his citizenship is a part of his life. 
He was born in Woodstock, Ontario, in 1867, 
a son of Dr. J. H. Bryant, a successful physi- 
cian, who left his native state of New York 
to practice his profession in Ontario. In 1868 
he removed with his family to St. Paul, Minn., 
where he practiced his profession for many 
years, when he came to California and made 
Los Angeles his home until his death in 1901. 
His wife was Mary Louise Dunn, born in New 
York and died in St. Paul, Minn. Dr. Bryant's 
grandparents on the paternal side came from 
England, and on the maternal side from Ire- 

Ernest A. Bryant spent his boyhood days in 
the middle west, his parents having located in 
St. Paul, Minn., where he received his educa- 
tion. This was augmented by a medical course 
at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadel- 
phia, he having previously studied under a 
preceptor in St. Paul. He was graduated in 
1890, receiving the degree of Doctor of Medi- 
cine, and following this event became interne 
in St. Agnes Hospital, Philadelphia, where he 
remained for a period of eighteen months. 

In 1891 he came to California and locating 
in Los Angeles, at once established a general 
practice of medicine, which speedily grew to 
one of remunerative proportions. For six y r ears 
he was police surgeon and surgeon-in-charge 
of the Emergency Hospital, besides which he 
continued the general practice of his profes- 
sion until he was appointed superintendent of 



the Los Angeles County Hospital. He re- 
mained so occupied for a period of four years, 
and during this time rose to prominence among 
the physicians of Southern California, which 
resulted in his appointment as chief surgeon 
of the Pacific Electric Railway Company, 
while he also serves in the same capacity for 
the Los Angeles Railway Company, the Inter- 
urban Railway Company, the Redondo Rail- 
way Company and the Los Angeles Pacific 
Company. He is also consulting surgeon 
for the Southern Pacific Railway Company, 
and surgeon in charge of the Sisters Hos- 
pital. The many responsibilities which have 
fallen to him in the various positions he has 
been called upon to fill are borne by the doctor 
in a creditable manner, neither lightly, as one 
who cannot understand responsibility, nor with 
a gravity which impels gloom in the midst of 
illness or accident ; but with cheeriness born of 
his confidence in his own skill and an optim- 
ism which invests him with all the attributes 
a patient could desire. He is very popular 
among those with whom his duties lie, and is 
highly esteemed both as a physician and as a 

In 1904 Dr. Bryant was united in marriage 
with Miss Susanna Bixby, a daughter of John 
Bixby, a prominent citizen of Los Angeles 
county, and born of this union are two child- 
ren. Susanna P. and Ernest A.. Jr. Dr. Bryant 
is identified with various medical associations, 
among them being the Clinical and Patholog- 
ical Society of Los Angeles, the Los Angeles 
County Medical Society, the Southern Cali- 
fornia Medical Association, the State Medical 
Society, the American Medical Association, 
the Pacific Coast Association, Railway Sur- 
geons and the International Association of 
Railway Surgeons. He holds the chair of pro- 
fessor (if clinical surgery in the Medical Col- 
li ;ge of the University of Southern California, 
and is a competent expounder of the science. 
I >r. Bryant, politically, is a stanch Republican, 
and socially is prominent in club life, being a 
member of the Jonathan, California, Los An- 
geles Country and Union League Clubs. As 
an enthusiastic automobilist, he is a member 
of the American Automobile Association and 
the I. os Angeles Automobile Club. Through 

constant research the doctor keeps in touch 
with modern methods and at all times brings 
them to bear in his practice. 

nominee of the Republican party at the elec- 
tion of 1902 Air. Welch was chosen to fill the 
office of county tax collector for a term of four 
years, receiving at the polls a majority of 
about ten thousand votes. Since he took the 
oath of office in January of 1003, to the pres- 
ent time, having been re-elected to the same 
office in 1906, he has given his entire time and 
attention to the details of his official position 
and superintends the work of the sixteen men 
employed to assist in his department, besides 
taking charge of the eighty extra men secured 
during the months of October and November. 
Prior to entering upon official life he had been 
variously interested and had gained a wide ex- 
perience throughout the west while working at 
railroading and telegraphy. 

A native of Kendallville, Noble county, Ind., 
William Ormond Welch was born January 20, 
1863, being a son of David S. and Sarah Buf- 
fum (Hayward) Welch, born near Lockport, 
N. Y. The father, who was a merchant by oc- 
cupation and a stanch Republican in politics, 
settled at Kendallville in early life and there 
died about 1871. His widow makes her home 
in Pomona, Cal., and one of their sons, Charles 
Sumner, resides at Wichita, Kans., where he 
holds a position as trainmaster with the Mis- 
souri Pacific Railroad Company. The only 
daughter is now deceased. The other son, 
William O., was reared in Indiana until 1878, 
when he removed to Paola, Miami county, 
Kans., and there attended the high school, lat- 
er taking a commercial course in the Paola 
Normal. The first work which he secured as 
telegraph operator and station agent was in 
the employ of the Kansas City, Fort Scott & 
Gulf Railroad Company. After two years with 
them he entered the Topeka office of the su- 
perintendent of the Santa Fe system. In 1882 
he went to Tucson, Ariz., as operator for the 
Western Union Telegraph Company. Later 
he was employed as assistant dispatcher for 
the Texas Pacific Railroad at Marshall, Tex., 



and next secured employment as operator and 
agent at Deer Lodge and Melrose, Mont., with 
the Utah Northern Railroad. Returning to the 
employ of the Western Union Telegraph 
Company he was with them in Deming, N. 
Mex., and during this time occurred the strug- 
gle with the Apaches and the capture of Gero- 

Upon coming to California during the year 
1886 Mr. Welch embarked in horticultural pur- 
suits at Pomona, where he set out and im- 
proved an orange grove of twenty acres, re- 
taining the ranch until 1904, when he sold it at 
a fair profit. Meanwhile he had become inter- 
ested in the business of buying, drying and 
shipping fruit, and for three years had carried 
on a growing business with a partner, but at 
the expiration of that time he sold his interest. 
On coming to Los Angeles in 1894 Mr. Welch 
was employed for a year as deputy county re- 
corder under Arthur Bray. For four years he 
was deputy tax collector under A. H. Merwin 
and for a similar period he held the same posi- 
tion under John H. Gish, meanwhile acquiring 
a thorough knowledge of the work of assessing 
and collecting, so that he was well qualified to 
fill the position of collector when elected to 
the office. Always stanch in his allegiance to 
the Republican party, he is one of the influen- 
tial members of the Republican League of Los 
Angeles and in other ways has aided in local 
party affairs. While living in Pomona he was 
initiated into Masonry and now holds mem- 
bership with South Gate Lodge in Los An- 
geles, also with Signet Chapter of this city, 
and is a 32 Scottish Rite Mason. His mar- 
riage was solemnized in Los Angeles and unit- 
ed him with Miss Eva Dell Roberts, who was 
born in Otoe county, Neb., her father, John 
Roberts, having migrated from Ohio to Ne- 
braska in a very early period of that state's de- 
velopment ; eventually he closed out his inter- 
ests there and came to California, becoming 
prominent in civic affairs in Long Beach, 
where at one time he was honored with the 
office of mayor. 

In 1887 Mr. Welch became identified with 
the National Guard of California, having been 
promoted while in Pomona to the captaincy 
of Company D. Upon coming to Los Angeles 

he was appointed to the office of assistant ad- 
jutant general on the brigade staff with the 
rank of lieutenant colonel. During the Span- 
ish-American war he served as major of the 
Seventh Regiment California Infantry, and af- 
ter being mustered out at the close of the war 
he resumed the office of assistant adjutant 
general. He is now serving as a member of 
the examining board for the First Brigade, 
having in charge the examining of officers as 
to their fitness for office in the National Guard. 
The personal character of Mr. Welch has 
been such as to win for him a wide esteem 
wherever known, and the manner in which he 
has discharged all official duties in the years 
of his experience in Southern California has 
given him a position of importance among the 
citizens of this section. His success to the 
present time is an augury of what may be ex- 
pected for him in the future, for he is a citizen 
of worth and works and can always be count- 
ed upon to uphold public honor in whatever 
position he may be placed. 

years previous to his death, Cornelius G. Har- 
rison had retired from the business activities 
which had so long engrossed his attention, and 
in the city of Pasadena rounded out the years 
of his busy life. He was a native of Illinois, 
having been born in Belleville in April, 1829, 
a son of James and Lucinda (Gooding) Har- 
rison, who were pioneers of the Prairie state 
when it was the home of the Indian. The 
son received his early education through the 
medium of the common school in the vicinity 
of his home, later entering a select school, and 
finally McKendree College at Lebanon, where 
he pursued his studies and graduated. The 
gold excitement of California induced him to 
try his fortunes in the Pacific state, and ac- 
cordingly he crossed the plains in 1851. For 
two and a half years he was successfully en- 
gaged in the mines of Placerville (then Hang- 
town). Returning to Illinois he invested his 
means in a flour mill in Belleville, an enter- 
prise which soon grew to profitable propor- 
tions. In spite of this fact, the memories of 
California induced his emigration once more, 


and in 1864 he disposed of his effects and 
crossed the Isthmus of Panama, thence going 
to San Francisco, and located in Healdsburg, 
Sonoma county, where he remained about 
eighteen months. He then removed to Los 
Gatos, Santa Clara county, and operated a mill 
for about three years. From there he removed 
to San Jose, and for a time engaged in real 
estate operations, later becoming identified 
with the First National Bank of San Jose as 
a director, vice-president and later president. 
After remaining in that city for sixteen years 
he finally moved to Los Angeles in 1886 and 
dealt to some extent in real estate. Still later 
he assisted in the organization of the Title, In- 
surance & Trust Company, becoming its first 
president and remaining identified with that 
institution until his retirement in 1895. when 
he gave up business activities and established 
his permanent home in Pasadena. He spent 
his time thenceforth in looking after his pri- 
vate interests until his death, which occurred 
in September, 1904. Mr. Harrison was a man, 
of ability and energy, an entertaining compan- 
ion through his wide information acquired 
from reading, and a man and citizen held in 
high esteem by his numerous friends. In all 
things he was public spirited, giving liberally 
of his means to advance the interests of his 
home state and city. 

In 1857 Mr. Harrison married Miss Sarah 
Spruance, a native of Illinois, and a daughter 
of Benjamin and Rachel ( Mines) Spruance, 
and born of this union were four children, 
only one son, Lewis G., now surviving, he be- 
ing a resident of San Francisco. Mrs. Harri- 
son resides in the beautiful home on Pasadena 
avenue, which has been the home of the family 
for more than a decade. In his political affil- 
iations Mr. Harrison was a pronounced Re- 
publican, but never cared for official recogni- 
tion, preferring instead the quiet contentment 
of his home circle. 

( I \IUI \V. MURPHY, M. D. Inheriting 
the qualities which have distinguished him in 
his line of work. Dr. Claire \Y. Murphy is 
named among tin- successful physicians and sur- 
geons of Los Angeles, where he has been en- 

gaged in the practice of his profession ever since 
the completion of his studies. The doctor may 
be said to be a life-long resident of Los Angeles, 
as he was only a lad in years when brought to 
this city by his parents, his father. Dr. W. W. 
Murphy, becoming a prominent physician and 
surgeon here, where he is still engaged in prac- 
tice. (His life-history will be found on another 
page of this volume.) Claire W. Murphy was 
born in Decatur county. Iowa, July 20, 1870, 
and in his native city received the rudiments of 
an education, after which he completed his 
studies in the public and high schools of Los 
Angeles. Inheriting the taste which led to his 
selection of medicine and surgery for his life- 
work, he read medicine with Dr. George W. 
Lasher, a noted physician of this city, after com- 
pleting the course in St. Vincent College. Later 
he became a student in the medical department 
of the University of Southern California, from 
which institution he was graduated in 1891. 
Following this he went to Boston, Mass., and 
matriculated in Harvard Medical College, doing 
post-graduate work in 1894. Returning to Los 
Angeles, he began a practice of his profession, 
which has resulted in more than ordinary suc- 
cess. He has risen steadily in the ranks of 
physicians and surgeons, significant of his abil- 
ity and his place among the men of this pro- 
fession being the position of consulting surgeon 
of the Los Angeles College, which he held for 
six years. For sixteen years he has also held 
the position of professor of anatomy in the col- 
lege of medicine. University of Southern Cali- 
fornia, and a like position in the dental college 
in the same institution, where he proved himself 
master of the situation. For a man of his age- 
he has had a wide and successful experience, 
while actual practice has enriched the knowl- 
edge constant!} gleaned from all sources afforded 
by medical journals, associations, etc. He is 
prominent as a member of the American Medical 
Association, State Medical Society, Southern 
California Medical Society, Los Angeles County 
Medical Association and the Academy of Medi- 
cine of Los \ngeles. 

The home of Dr. Murphy is presided over by 
his wife, formerly Miss Blossom Williamson, of 
Lincoln, Neb., whom he married in 1899. They 
have one son, Warner Williamson Murphy. In 


JB& — ^ 



his fraternal relations the doctor is identified 
with the Masonic organization, being a member 
of Hollenbeck Lodge Xo. 319, F. & A. M. ; 
Signet Chapter, R. A. M. ; Los Angeles Com- 
mandery, K. T. ; Al Malaikah Temple, A. A. O. 
N. M. S. ; Los Angeles Consistory, and he lias 
taken the thirty-second degree. He is also a mem- 
ber of the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, 
and belongs to the University Club. As a phys- 
ician Dr. Murphy takes first rank and is held in 
the highest esteem by all who have known him, 
both in a professional way and socially. He has 
many friends who appreciate his qualities of 
manhood and honor him for his citizenship, 
which means the co-operation in all movements 
pertaining to the advancement of the city's best 

was one of the founders of Pasadena and gave 
to the city its beautiful name, was born July 
20, 1824, at Brockport. X. Y. He came of a 
long line of sturdy Xew England ancestors, 
several of whom were officers in the Conti- 
nental army and navy. Of these his mother's 
father. Rev. Thomas Balch, had a most inter- 
esting career. As a young lad he served as 
"powder monkey" under John Paul Jones dur- 
ing his celebrated encounter with the Serapis. 
Later he was taken prisoner and carried to 
Ireland, where he spent many months on board 
a prison ship and suffered great privations. 
At the close of the war he returned home and 
graduated from Harvard, and later from the 
Dedham (Mass.) Theological Seminary, which 
was founded by his father and was the first 
theological school in America. In the war of 
1812 he resigned his pastorate and entered the 
navy as chaplain. He was an officer on the 
Constitution at the capture of the Gurriere. 

John Eliot, apostle to the Indians, was a 
great-grand uncle of Dr. Elliott. Deacon 
George Sumner, that beacon light of old Xew 
England, was also an ancestor. His father, 
Dr. John Brown Elliott, was a physician well 
known and beloved throughout central New 
York. He had two sons ; of these Ezekiel 
Brown Elliott, the elder, was, like his brother. 
a graduate of Hamilton College. He early 

entered the treasury department at Washing- 
ton. He soon rose to be the foremost math- 
ematician of the United States. For many 
years and until the close of his life he held 
the position of government actuary, all bills 
of congress in the department of finance pass- 
ing through his hands for investigation and 
approval. His rectitude in this important and 
dangerous position was absolute. 

Dr. Elliott, who was the younger brother, 
after graduating from Hamilton College in the 
class of 1844, began the study of medicine. 
During this period he taught in a seminary 
in Xew York, spending his leisure hours in 
literary work. He soon proved to be a ver- 
satile writer and was connected with several 
leading journals of Xew England. His writ- 
ings over the signature of "Col. Muzzy" were 
widely read. During his residence in In- 
diana he wrote and published much in regard 
to the preservation of the native trees and the 
need of replanting the forests. After graduating 
from Jefferson Medical College Dr. Elliott ac- 
cepted a position as assistant physician in the 
Indiana hospital for the insane, and moved to 
Indiana, where he remained until he again 
moved westward, this time to California. 
From the first an ardent abolitionist, he 
was the onlv man in the state of Indiana, 





soil ticket. 

While still physician at the Insane Asylum 
Dr. Elliott married Miss Helen Agnes Brown, 
of Goshen, Ind. Miss Brown was the youngest 
daughter of Ebenezer Brown, one of the 
builders of the Erie canal. After this great 
project was completed Mr. Brown moved 
with his family to Xorthern Indiana, where 
he remained until his death. After leaving 
the hospital for the insane Dr. Elliott pur- 
chased a farm on the western outskirts of 
Indianapolis. This was improved by a land- 
scape gardener into a lovely home. Preced- 
ing the war Dr. Elliott was physician on the 
famous Underground Railway, a station of 
which was located near his house and many 
a wear\ r despairing slave was blessed by his 
skilful attentions. Apropos of this, when, 
shortly after the war. the doctor ami his fam- 
ily entered one of the leading hotels of Mon- 
treal, he was recognized by some of the col- 


ored servants, most of whom were escaped 
slaves, and the devotion and gratitude be- 
stowed upon him by these poor creatures was 
pathetic if a little embarrassing. During the 
war Dr. Elliott was appointed by Governor 
Morton as special surgeon to look after the 
welfare of the Indiana soldiers. This duty 
he faithfully performed, visiting the armies of 
the Potomac and Cumberland. He was an 
actor in the chaos which reigned at the time 
of the first Battle of Bull Run and was with 
Grant's army at the siege of Vicksburg. 

About 1861 Dr. Elliott gave up the practice 
of medicine and opened a commission busi- 
ness in grain and flour, building in Indianap- 
olis on the banks of the Pogues run the first 
grain elevator in Indiana. During this period 
he was for some time president of the Board 
of Trade, and was also commercial editor of 
the Indianapolis Journal, but it is for the build- 
ing up of its superb school system that the 
people of Indiana's capital hold him in grate- 
ful remembrance. For twelve years he gave 
the best of his strength and time to the school 
interests and the result is a common school 
system which is, in many respects, second to 
none in the world. 

In 1872. discouraged by the severity of the 
climate of the middle west, Airs. Elliott pro- 
posed to her husband that they remove to a 
region where the changes of temperature were 
less extreme. California was her choice, as 
all her life she had desired to see the land 
of gold and oranges. This proposition Dr. 
Elliott discussed with his brother-in-law. D. 
M. Berry, who was enthusiastic over the 
scheme. Many of their business associates 
became interested and an association was 
formed called the California Colony of In- 
diana with an enrollment of a hundred names, 
of which some sixty were then heads of fam- 
ilies, leading business men of the Hoosier me- 

In the summer of 1873 this colony sent out 
to the Pacific coast Mr. Berry and Gen. Nathan 
Kimball as agents employed to purchase land. 
While these gentlemen were traveling over 
Southern California examining various ranches 
the panic of that period overwhelmed the 
business centers of the cast and only a few 

of the original subscribers to the colony were 
able to carry out their part of the scheme, so 
the colony was dissolved. After many dis- 
appointments and much delay Mr. Merry, 
Thomas H. Croft, of Indianapolis, Judge B. 
S. Eaton, of Los Angeles, and others, succeed- 
ed in re-forming the colony in Los Angeles 
under the name of the San Gabriel Orange 
Grove Association. Half of this syndicate was 
formed by five of the surviving members of 
the original colony, one of whom was Dr. 
Elliott. Three thousand nine hundred and 
sixty-two acres of land lying north of Los 
Angeles at the foot of the Sierras was imme- 
diately purchased at the price of about $12.50 
per acre. This land is included in the present 
limits of Pasadena and South Pasadena. The 
first payment was made December 27, 1873, 
and the final one December 27, 1874. 

On the first day of December, 1874, Dr. El- 
liott and family reached Los Angeles. He im- 
mediately began to build on his property on 
the San Pasqual rancho, as the purchase was 
then called. His selection for his home was 
at a point on the banks of the Arroyo Seco 
nearly opposite the Scoville grade, then called 
the Fremont trail and later improved and 
owned by Mr. Scoville. The doctor built a 
large square, two-story frame house with 
double gallery and wings, much like the homes 
to be found south of the Mason and Dixon line. 
Here he entered with enthusiasm into the life 
of a rancher. A hard life it was, indeed, call- 
ing for an unlimited output of money, time 
and strength, but his delight in his semi-trop- 
ical home, his faith in California and its future 
never wavered. 

To the colonist in those days land was val- 
uable only in proportion to the number of 
oranges it would raise per acre. It was not 
long before Dr. Elliott began to realize that 
this was a mistaken point of view. He saw 
that the country's chief asset was its climate. 
"Not in oranges," he prophesied, "will its 
wealth be in the future, but as a health re- 
sort, the land will become famous and the 
homes of health-seekers will cover its plains 
and valleys." Thinking this he would have 
formed an association to buy more land, all 
now incorporated in the city of Pasadena, but 




the}' called him visionary and said that it 
would be fifty years before he would get a 
return from his investment. After a year or 
two, during which time the settlement had 
been known in Los Angeles as the Indiana 
Colony, it was decided that the place must 
have a name. Foreseeing this Dr. Elliott had 
written to a college mate of his who was mis- 
sionary to the Indians in the northern Mis- 
sissippi valley asking for some Indian name 
signifying Crown or Key of the valley, the 
site of the little village being practically the 
key to the beautiful San Gabriel valley. In 
answer a number of Indian names with this 
signification were received, but Pasadena, a 
Chippewa name, was the one chosen by Dr. 
Elliott and later by the colonists at their year- 
ly meeting. 

In all things relating to the highest good of 
Pasadena Dr. Elliott was ever deeply inter- 
ested. He was alert to preserve the oak trees, 
to lay out wide streets, and to retain the 
musical Spanish names. He and Thomas H. 
Croft were the first board of trustees of the 
first church of Pasadena, the Presbyterian, 
numbering in 1906 over seven hundred mem- 
bers. Dr. Elliott's death occurred August 13. 
1881, at the age of fifty-seven years. There 
survive him his wife, Helen A. Elliott, and 
four children: Mrs. Arturo Bandini, Mrs. 
Arthur Ayres, Whittier Elliott, and Agnes 
Elliott. Mrs. Ayres' home is in Berkeley, Cal., 
while the remainder of Dr. Elliott's children 
still live in Pasadena. 

Washington, D. C, under the shadow of the 
Capitol, September 23, 1830. His father was 
Capt. John Foy, a native of Ireland, and for 
many years superintendent of the Capitol 
grounds. His mother was Mary Calvert, a 
native of the state of Kentucky, and daughter of 
Christopher Calvert, a Virginian, claiming de- 
scent from George Calvert, first Lord Balti- 
more. Capt. John Foy and Mary Calvert were 
married at her father's house near Lexington, 
Ky., November 11. 1817, by the Rev. W. Bad- 
den, a French Catholic missionarv. and they re- 

sided in Washington until the death of Captain 
Foy in July. 1833. 

Samuel Calvert Foy was not quite three 
years of age at the time of his father's death. 
His mother returned to her people in Ken- 
tucky and there her three sons, James Calvert, 
John Moran, and Samuel Calvert, grew to man- 
hood. Samuel was educated at Morgan Aca- 
demy, Burlington, Ky., a school famous in its 
day. and boasting such well-known teachers 
as McGuffey and Ray. On leaving school, he 
went to Covington, Ky.. where his mother, 
who had married again, was then residing. He 
learned the harness trade in Cincinnati, with 
the founder of the house of Perkins, Campbell 
& Co. In 1841; he left Kentucky and moved to 
Natchez, Miss., where he followed his trade 
until 1852. In that year he caught the gold 
fever and sailed for California, going by way of 
Havana and the Isthmus of Panama. Land- 
ing in San Francisco, he stored his trunk and 
set out for the mines. Footsore and weary, he 
reached Douglas Flat, and was walking half 
heartedly through the camp, when a hearty 
voice called out, "Why. hello, Sam," and there 
were his two brothers, Jim, afterwards Colonel 
James Foy of the Twenty-third Kentucky In- 
fantry, and John, well known to all the early 
residents of Los Angeles and San Bernardino 

In 1854 Mr. Foy left the mines. He came 
to Los Angeles and finding a good opening, 
sent to San Francisco to the firm of Main & 
Winchester for goods and established the bus- 
iness which has long been advertised as the 
"oldest business house in Los Angeles." In 
1855 his brother John came south and the 
brothers formed a co-partnership which was 
managed for about ten years by John M. Foy, 
while Samuel C. Foy looked after extensive 
cattle interests in the northern portion of the 

In October, i860, Samuel Calvert Foy and 
Lucinda Macy, daughter of Dr. Obed and Lu- 
anda Folk Macy. were married in Los Ange- 
les. They made their home in San Joaquin 
county until 1865, when they returned perma- 
nently to Los Angeles. The brothers then dis- 
solved partnership, Samuel C. Foy continuing 
the Los Angeles house, and John Foy establish- 


ing- himself in the same line of business in San 

In politics Mr. Foy was a splendid example 
of an old-line Democrat. Never a politician, 
but always a close and sharp observer, he had 
the clearest understanding of the meaning and 
value, the full significance of the political prin- 
ciples he professed. He was a man who knew 
no fear, and during the troubled months fol- 
lowing the assassination of President Lincoln 
he paced the streets of Los Angeles at night to 
preserve order, the city's first peace officer. 
He was a zealous member of the Masonic fra- 
ternity until failing health forced him to leave 
the work to others. 

After a life well spent he died at his home 
in Los Angeles in 1901. His wife and six 
children survived him. These children were 
one son, James Calvert Foy. and five daugh- 
ters, Mary, Cora, Edna and Florence Foy, and 
Mrs. Alma Foy Woolwine. Mr. Foy passed 
on to his children the heritage of his good 
name, as had his father and his father's fa- 
thers. He was a thoroughly honest man, 
whose name was as good as his bond. His 
chief joy was his family and he was proud to 
give his children the best educational advan- 
tages. He was a useful citizen and a patriot; 
one of the pioneers of California, whom her 
native sons should be proud to emulate. 

ANDREW McNALLY. The name of An- 
drew McNally is well known in Southern Cali- 
fornia as well as on the other side of the con- 
tinent, for in this sunny clime he established one 
of the most beautiful homes of Altadena, and in 
the great city of the middle west he contributed 
his time, energy and ability to the development 
of a successful business enterprise. The traits 
which distinguished his character were an inher- 
itance from Scotch ancestry, his grandfather 
being known in Scotland because of his ability 
to improve and intelligently cultivate his farm. 
His father was also born in Scotland, and there 
married a daughter of Holland, combining the 
sturdy qualities of that hardy nation with those 
of his own land. They had a large family and 
Andrew McNally, the eighth in order of birth, 
was early forced to seek his own livelihood. He 

received his early education in the common 
schools and was then apprenticed to learn the 
trade of printer. He mastered the details and 
continued to work at the trade in Chicago, and 
from the humble beginning of a youth rose to 
the position which was his as a partner in the 
world-known firm of Rand, McNally & Co., 
whose atlases of the world are used in every 
schoolroom on the globe. His success in this 
line was not due to accident or good fortune, 
but resulted wholly from the application of his 
own natural ability, coupled with his indefatig- 
able, energy and perseverance. It is not to be 
presumed that there were no difficulties in his 
pathway, but that the obstacles were overcome 
is indisputable proof of the latent qualities of 
the man. Suffice it to say he did succeed and 
rose to a position of unusual esteem among the 
business men of Chicago, being universally com- 
mended for his straightforward dealing in all 
matters of business, the stanch integrity of all 
his methods, and the genuine business ability 
which brought the large financial returns for 
the efforts of the firm. 

This perhaps was the lifework of Mr. Mc- 
Nally. And yet in no less degree a part of his 
success was that which he named as his recrea- 
tion. He was a man of versatile ability and 
throughout his entire life left no effort unmade 
to broaden his own life and character and make 
more complete the lives of those about him. 
Home life appealed to him forcibly, even at 
the time that he was seeking to build up a suc- 
cessful business enterprise. In Chicago he owned 
various residences which he beautified in every 
possible way. He was burned out in the great 
fire of 71, finally purchased a farm of eighty 
acres at Elmhurst and found some pleasure in 
the cultivation of the land. He returned to Chi- 
cago, however, and eventually erected five stone- 
front houses on Park avenue, opposite Lincoln 
Park, one of which he occupied himself, and 
the others he gave to his married son and daugh- 
ters. This remained his Chicago home. It was 
about 1880 that he came to California and near 
Pasadena purchased four hundred acres of land, 
now in what is known as Altadena. a place named 
by himself. He built a modest house on one 
side of the tract, at the same time planting on 
about ten acres of the ground orange and lemon 




trees and many kinds of shade and ornamental 
trees and laying out flower beds and setting out 
shrubbery. The next winter he occupied his 
own house and enjoyed his improving ranch. 
Other easterners of financial means wintering 
in the beautiful climate and seeing the results 
of a little intelligent culture purchased individ- 
ually parcels of the original four hundred acre-. 
each making liberal improvements and erecting 
handsome buildings until Altadena has become 
far famed in its perennial beauty. For six years 
prior to his death Mr. McNally had left the 
management of his business entirely to others 
and devoted himself to the culture of flowers and 
the raising of song birds, which were imported 
by him from nearly all lands ami climes, ac- 
climated and turned loose with their broods. His 
conservatory was a place of beauty, the tropics 
having been searched for exotics — palms and 
ferns from Japan and the East Indies, and in- 
deed from almost every country of the world. 
He also became the owner of a twenty-five hun- 
dred acre ranch known as La Mirada, and here 
he had large lemon groves and grain field, hav- 
ing given it every possible attention until one 
thousand acres were cultivated. 

The connection of Mr. McNally with all pro- 
gressive and enterprising movements for the ben- 
efit of the community in which he lived — Chicago 
or Southern California — was well known, both 
enjoying his assistance, whether material or only 
a word of advice. Age did not lessen his in- 
terest in everything that appealed to the intelli- 
gent and the progressive. Practical, thorough 
and receptive of the new ideas in the industry 
to which he devoted his life, he was also a far- 
sighted and sagacious man in all the wider fields 
of business energv in which he was engaged. 
As chairman of the finance committee of the 
World's Fair in 1903 he exercised considerable 
influence in the raising of ten million dollars 
among the merchants of the city. He was a 
member of the Old Time Printers' Association, 
the Knights Templar and the Union League 

In his home life, however, Mr. McNally's 
greatest enjoyment was found. His w^ife. a 
woman of rare qualities of character, cultured 
and refined, was before marriage Miss Adelia 
M. Highland, a native of Chicago and the rep- 

resentative of an old family of prominence. Their 
union w^as blessed by the birth of four children, 
one son and three daughters, namely : Frederick 
G., now a prominent business man of Chicago; 
Helen P.., Mrs. Belford ; Nannie M.. wife of 
E. P. Xert, president of the Pasadena Tourna- 
ment of Roses Association and secretary of the 
Southern California Horse Show; and Elizabeth 
P., Mrs. Henry P. Clow, of Chicago. 

Mr. McNally's character was an unusual com- 
bination of qualities; possessing great talents for 
business, diligent in whatever labor he under- 
took, and yet combined with a temperament of 
such, force and personality, a nature of amiabil- 
ity, patience and sympathy, it was but natural 
that he should have an extensive acquaintance 
and that his reputation should have been world- 
wide. Pie possessed rare qualities of character 
and throughout his entire life had sought only 
to develop that which was best and highest within 
him. living up to his ideals to the time of his 
death, which occurred on the 7th of May, 1904. 

JOSHUA H. ALDERSON. It is always 

interesting to chronicle the life history of the 
pioneer who endured the privations of this 
new country and passed through the hard- 
ships and dangers incident to crossing the 
plains in the days following the gold discov- 
ery in California. Mr. Alderson was born in 
Wilkesbarre, Pa., May 9, 1836. He was the 
son of John and Margaret (Wilson) Aider- 
son, natives of England, who were farmers in 
Luzerne county, Pa., where he was reared and 
educated in the public schools. He learned 
the mason's trade under his brother, and in 
1852 he started for California, coming by rail 
to Iowa, the end of the line, and thence by ox 
teams across the plains to California. He fol- 
lowed mining a few years and then returned 
east by way of the Tsthmus of Panama. The 
next year he again crossed the plains to Cali- 
fornia, and this time the train was attacked by 
Indians, when they had a serious time. The 
train just in advance of them was attacked 
by the Indians, and all of the party were killed 
with the exception of one man, who made 
his way back and warned the train of which 
Mr. Alderson was a member, and thus enabled 



them to be prepared and resist the onslaught 
of the red men. The train continued on to the 
coast, but Mr. Alderson remained in Nevada, 
where he followed mining in the vicinity of 
Austin, White, Price and Eureka. Returning 
to New York state he married in Owego. and 
immediately brought his bride to Eureka, Nev., 
and there engaged in the livery, teaming and 
freighting business on a large scale. At the 
same time he was in the timber business and 
the burning of charcoal. He also had valuable 
mining interests, owning the Woo Hop mine 
on Treasurer Hill, and was interested in the 
Tern Piute and Banner mines. During all of 
these years he engaged in stock ranching. 

In 1884 Mr. Alderson removed to Colorado 
and followed mining and prospecting in Rico 
and Durango. In 1887 he located in Los 
Angeles, and with Mr. Kincaid built the stores, 
livery and business houses on the corner of 
Figueroa and Pico streets, which enterprise 
showed them to be men of far-seeing judg- 
ment, as many at that time considered it an 
impracticable venture because of being so far 
from the then center of town. 

Three years later Mr. Alderson was among 
the first developers of the local oil field and 
put down nine wells, all of which are produc- 
ers, and from that time on until his death, on 
the 22nd of January, 1902, he was actively en- 
gaged in this enterprise, being at the time of 
his demise president of the Newhall Oil Com- 
pany. He was also connected with other im- 
portant enterprises, serving as president of the 
Banner Mining Company. 

Mr. Alderson's marriage occurred in Owego, 
N. Y„ March 12, 1874. and united him with 
Mi-- Mary E. Wood, who was born in Eu- 
phrata, that state, a daughter of William and 
Hester (Horning) Wood, also natives of that 
state. Her father was a builder in Tioga 
county and there he reared his family. Since 
her husband's death Mrs. Alderson has re- 
sided at her home on South Hoover street 
with her only child, Edith W., a graduate of 
the Los Angeles State Normal school. Mr. 
Alderson was a very energetic and public- 
spirited man, ever ready to aid in the develop- 
im ni and building up of the community where 
he lived. He was well and favorablv known 

and was much esteemed by those who were 
his associates, both socially and in a business 
way. Fraternally he was a Master Mason, and 
politically always voted the Republican ticket. 

a representative of the homeopathic school of 
medicine there is perhaps no physician of Los 
Angeles more deserving of mention than Dr. 
Shorb. Years of painstaking and thorough 
preparation, together with subsequent practical 
experience, qualify him to fill a high position in 
the medical profession and to maintain a de- 
served reputation for skill and proficiency. His 
identification with California dates from the year 
1 87 1, at which time he located in Los Angeles, 
and at this writing his office is in the Grant 
building. The Shorb family is directly descend- 
ed from the reigning house of Prussia, the wife 
of Jacob M. Shorb (the immigrating ancestor 
of the family in the new world) being a daugh- 
ter of the royal line of Hohenzollerns. This 
ancestor settled in the upper part of Maryland, 
where the family became well and favorably 
known. He was a man of considerable wealth, 
owning a large fleet of trading vessels which 
were marked with the royal coat of arms. Some 
of the personal possessions of this ancestor are 
now heirlooms in the family. One of the dis- 
tinguishing marks of the royal descent of the 
family is seen in the marking of the hair, which 
is a distinct dark stripe in white on the lower 
part of the head. Prince Henrv while on a visit 
to this country noted this distinguishing mark in 
a lady whom he met at the White House, thus 
tracing her relationship to the family. 

A native of Ohio, Dr. Shorb was horn in 
Canton, Stark county. April 12, 1837. into the 
home of Adam L. and Maria L. (Rowen) Shorb. 
His family being in comfortable circumstances, 
it was possible for him to secure advantages 
denied those of humbler birth and surroundings, 
and it is but fair to say that he made the most 
of his opportunities and advantages. His earli- 
est years were associated with Stark county, 
where he first attended public school, later at- 
tending a select school in the same locality. From 
an early age his studies were directed witli the 
medical profession in view as their objective 



point, hence his higher training in Canton Acad- 
emy, which he entered in 1854. His medical 
training was begun in the city of Canton, where 
he read medicine under the direction of Drs. 
Mathews and Estep, well-known physicians and 
surgeons of that city. Subsequently he entered 
Pulte Medical College at Cincinnati, Ohio, 
graduating with honors from that institution 
with the class of 1879. Wisely divining that the 
newer west extended greater opportunity for 
establishing a growing practice than his home 
locality he lost no time in carrying out his plans. 
His selection of Topeka, Kans.. proved a wise 
one, for from the first his practice grew and his 
reputation as a well-qualified physician gave him 
a standing in the community which was well 
deserving of his untiring zeal as a practitioner. 
Believing that an even greater outlook awaited 
him in the far west he came to Los Angeles in 
1871, the wisdom of the change being demon- 
strated in increased popularity in the line of his 
profession, the homeopathic school having no 
more astute follower in this city than is found 
in Dr. Shorb. 

In Xewark, Ohio, in 1868, Dr. Shorb was 
united in marriage with Miss Martha L. Blanch- 
ard, a native of that city and a daughter of 
George A. Blanchard. a man of considerable 
means and well known as a capitalist there. Al- 
ways a student of his profession the doctor loses 
no opportunity to keep in touch with advanced 
thought in the medical world, and among other 
strictly professional organizations is a member of 
the Homeopathic State Medical Society and the 
Southern California Medical Society. Aside from 
his profession the doctor finds time for recrea- 
tion and social intercourse, nowhere more enjoy- 
able than in the gatherings of the Masonic 
brethren, he being a member of Pentalpha Lodge 
Xo. 202. F. & A. M., Acacia Chapter No. $2, 
R. A. M., and he is a thirty-second degree 
Mason, all of his associations being in Los An- 
geles. Local interests of a commercial character 
also claim the doctor's attention, he being a 
stockholder in the Security Trust Bank, and he 
also owns considerable real estate in the city, as 
well as a choice piece of ranch property, the 
latter of which is now occupied by a tenant. The 
familv home in at Xo. i2(> r j North Flower 
street. Progressive and liberal, the doctor can 

always be depended upon to take a helpful part 
in all movements that will mean improvement 
or better facilities for the comfort and conve- 
nience of the public, and in many ways he ex- 
hibits a praiseworthy loyalty to the city of his 

experience gained by active professional work, 
first in a small Illinois town near the Missis- 
sippi river, later in hospitals and asylums of 
New York, and ultimately in the far west on 
the shores of the Pacific ocean, has given to 
Dr. Browning a broad and humanitarian out- 
look upon the science of materia medica and, 
supplemented by thorough study and post- 
graduate work, has brought him a high rank 
among the physicians of Southern California. 
Fate brought him to the west when he had 
high hopes of success in his eastern home. 
Already he had won a distinct position in hos- 
pital and asylum practice and had made a 
study of alienation to such an extent that he 
was offered an influential place at the head of 
an asylum on the Sound. All his hopes and 
ambitions he had to lay aside, for he had con- 
tracted tuberculosis and a change of climate 
was imperative. The misfortune of ill-health 
which brought him to the western coast 
proved, however, to be his greatest fortune, 
for he regained health, established himself in 
practice, took up citrus-fruit raising, acquired 
lands and other holdings, and has risen to 
high rank as a specialist in the treatment of 

The life which this narrative depicts began 
in the home of Rev. E. C. and Sophia ( Pen- 
nock) Browning, natives, respectively, of Illi- 
nois and Indiana, and in 1861, at the time of 
the birth of their son, residents in the vicinity 
of Denver, Hancock county. 111. At the close 
of the war the family removed to northeastern 
Missouri, where the father became a leading 
minister of the Christian Church and org-- 
nized the Missouri State Board of Home Mis- 
sions, of which he was chosen the first secre- 
tary, and served in that office for man}- years. 
Later he was called to Arkansas to take up 
pastoral and home missionary work in the 



interests of the church. Meanwhile the son 
had been sent to the Christian University at 
Canton, Mo., one of the early educational in- 
stitutions of the Christian Church. From 
there he went to the University of Missouri 
as a student in the medical department, from 
which he was graduated in 1883 with the de- 
gree of Doctor of Medicine. 

From boyhood it had been Dr. Browning's 
ambition to become a physician. While at- 
tending the public school at the age of nine 
years he organized a physiology class, that 
study not being taught regularly in the school. 
His tastes and inclinations drew him into the 
profession and constant study brought him 
earl}- success in its practice. After complet- 
ing his university course he returned to Han- 
cock county, 111., and took up professional 
work. Possessing the confidence of old ac- 
quaintances as to character and integrity, it 
was not long before he also gained their con- 
fidence as to professional ability, and he prac- 
ticed for five years in Hancock county with 
growing success. In order to take up post- 
graduate work he went to New York City, 
where he studied in the University of the City 
of New York. For one term he was con- 
nected with the New York House of Relief, 
and later was retained on the medical staff 
of the New York City Asylum for the Insane 
at Blackwell's Island. 

Upon coming to California in 1891 Dr. 
Browning traveled through the country in 
order to find a desirable location and eventu- 
ally settled at Highland, San Bernardino 
county, where he began to make a special 
study of tuberculosis, at the same time carry- 
ing on a general practice. His pleasant home 
was in the midst of a grove of citrus trees, 
which he planted, and later he bought other 
lands suitable for fruit-growing. On the in- 
corporation of the First Bank of Highland 
he was chosen a director and elected vice- 
president, and continued in that office until 
his removal from the town. In the organiza- 
tion of the Highland Fruit Growers' Asso- 
ciation he was actively interested, and for a 
time held office as vice-president, his able 
services being of value in the upbuilding of 
the concern. He was one of the incorporators 

and secretary of the Highland Domestic 
Water Company. During March of 1905 he 
removed to Monrovia and became associated 
with Dr. Pottenger in the incorporation of 
the Pottenger Sanatorium for the treatment 
of diseases of the chest and throat. Of this 
company he is vice-president, and his entire 
attention is given to its development, for 
which work he has an office in the O. T. John- 
son building in Los Angeles. 

After taking up medical practice in Illinois, 
Dr. Browning married Miss Helen Tillapaugh, 
who was born near Denver, Hancock county, 
and received a public school and collegiate 
education, supplemented by special training in 
music at Jacksonville, 111. They have an only 
child, Helen Gilberta. Mrs. Browning is a 
daughter of Gilbert Tillapaugh, who removed 
from New York to Illinois in a very early day, 
settled upon an unimproved tract of land and 
developed a valuable farm. Eventually he 
disposed of some of his Illinois holdings and 
came to California, since which time he and 
his wife have made their home in Los An- 

Fraternally, Dr. Browning is identified with 
the blue lodge and chapter of Masonry in Red- 
lands, the Commandery of San Bernardino, 
Council and Shrine in Los Angeles, and he 
also is a charter member of the Benevolent 
Protective Order of Elks at Redlands. Along 
the line of his profession his associations are 
extended and important, including member- 
ship in the American Medical Association, the 
California, Southern California and Los An- 
geles County Medical Societies, the Los An- 
geles Academy of Medicine and the Los An- 
geles Medical and Pathological Association, 
also the National Association for the Advance- 
ment of Sciences, the National Association for 
the Prevention and Cure of Tuberculosis, the 
Southern California Anti-Tuberculosis League 
(of which he acts as secretary) and the Amer- 
ican Archeological Association. On various 
occasions articles from his pen have ap- 
peared in medical and scientific journals 
anil frequently he has delivered lectures 
on subjects pertaining to his special- 
ties. Both the lectures and the arti- 
cles prove him to be a close student of his 




profession, a keen inquirer after truths, and 
the possessor of extended knowledge as a spe- 
cialist, — a type of those earnest, studious, 
forceful and logical physicians to whose re- 
searches is due the progress of the profession 

the old settlers of Los Angeles and its promi- 
nent business men mention belongs to E. H. 
Kincaid, who has won for himself a com- 
petency since coming to Los Angeles and has 
also added materially to the growth and up- 
building of the city. He was a pioneer of the 
state in the "days of old, in the days of gold"; 
he experienced the ups and downs of life in 
those early and primitive days, the hardships, 
privations and perils incident to the miner's 
career ; he saw the western land when it lay 
a desert with nothing to presage its great pos- 
sibilities, its wonderful development and un- 
surpassed beauty in "fields of grain and golden 
fruit"; he has witnessed, too, and participated 
in the efforts which have made California what 
it is to-day — one among the greatest of the 
states of the nation. And to these pioneers 
belong the credit of the achievement and the 
consequent gratitude of the present generation. 

Born in Caledonia, Elk county, Pa., March 
2, 1833, Eugenio Hough Kincaid was the sec- 
ond in a family of five daughters and three 
sons born to his parents, Eusebius and Sa- 
mantha (Pasco) Kincaid. His father was born 
in Canada in May, 1808, a son of Dr. Noah 
Kincaid, who served in the war of 1812. The 
latter emigrated from Scotland to Canada and 
there engaged in the practice of medicine, 
later locating in Elk county. Pa., where he 
spent the remaining years of his life. He mar- 
ried Lydia Hough, whose eldest son. Rev. 
Eugenio Kincaid, was for many years a Baptist 
missionary in Burmah, India. During a revo- 
lution in that country he was captured and 
held prisoner, condemned to be beheaded, but 
a kind Providence intercepted the plans and 
he escaped, thereafter continuing his work in 
the missionary field. Eusebius Kincaid en- 
gaged as a lumberman and farmer in Elk 
county, of which he was the first high sheriff, 
being a popular and prominent citizen of that 

section. In 1850 he removed to Portage, Wis., 
where his death occurred in the early '60s. 
His wife was born in New Jersey in June, 
1808, a daughter of Zophar D. Pasco, the rep- 
resentative of an old eastern family; she died 
in Los Angeles in 1882. 

E. H. Kincaid received his education in the 
common schools of Pennsylvania, after which, 
when seventeen years old, he accompanied his 
parents to Wisconsin, traveling by team to 
Buffalo, thence on the lakes to Detroit, then 
on the Michigan Central Railroad to New 
Buffalo, then by boat to Chicago, finally by 
steamer to Milwaukee, where they hired teams 
and drove to Portage. There he helped his 
father clear the land upon which they made 
their home. Later he attended the University 
of Wisconsin, then took a commercial course 
in a business college in Madison, after which 
he taught school for a short time. In 1857 he 
came to California via New York City, where 
he took passage on the Illinois to Aspinwall, 
and on the Pacific side sailed on the Golden 
Age to San Francisco. Following his arrival 
he went to the mines of Calaveras county, 
where he spent two years, and having secured 
a profit for his work he returned to his home 
in Wisconsin, making the journey the way he 
had come. After a short stay in Wisconsin 
he went south and traveled over the states 
of Mississippi, Texas, Louisiana and Arkan- 
sas; he was in Mississippi in January, 1861, 
just before the war broke out. Pie returned 
then to Wisconsin and in the spring of that 
year started across the plains, traveling by 
horse-teams to Salt Lake City. He there se- 
cured employment in the building of the first 
overland telegraph lines from Salt Lake City 
to Ruby valley, a distance of three hundred 
miles, and after the completion of this work- 
he came on to Sacramento, Cal., with the same 
company, having charge of the telegraph out- 
fit. This company afterward became the 
Western Union. Mr. Kincaid remained with 
them eighteen months, and then went to Ne- 
vada. There he engaged in teaming between 
Virginia City and Austin, and at the same time 
was interested in mining, and finally in the 
cattle business. This last-named occupation 



proved a successful one and he remained on a 
ranch until 1872. In this year he sold his 
ranch and coming to Los Angeles purchased 
fifteen acres on the corner of Pico and Fi- 
gueroa streets and set out what became one 
of the finest orange ranches in this section, 
property which he continued to cultivate for 
some years. Associated with Mr. Alderson, 
Mr. Kincaid started a business center at the 
above, building business houses there, in what 
was then considered the country and before 
the horse-car lines had been extended out that 
far. They were much ridiculed for their vent- 
ure, but time has proven that they were not 
mistaken in the city's possibilities, for that lo- 
cation is now the center of population and in 
a score of years bids fair to be the business 
center of this great city. In 1887 Mr. Kincaid 
laid out in city lots his fifteen acre ranch pre- 
viously mentioned, this being known as the 
Kincaid tract. He disposed of the most of 
this property with the exception of twelve lots 
on Pico between Figueroa and Trenton streets, 
which he has since improved with a handsome 
business block. In addition to the property 
just mentioned Mr. Kincaid also purchased a 
hundred acre ranch at Lugo. Outside of look- 
ing after his property interests he is retired 
from active business cares and is enjoying the 
evening of his days in well-earned retirement. 
Mr. Kincaid's home is located at Xo. 1189 
East Fifty-third street and is presided over by 
his wife, formerly Miss Charity S. Mills, who 
was born in Peru, LaSalle county. 111., the 
daughter of Freeman and Minerva Grace Mills, 
natives of Pennsylvania and Massachusetts re- 
spectively. In 1852 Mr. Mills came to Cali- 
fornia, and five years later, in 1857, was joined 
by his family at Woodbridge, San Joaquin 
county. Mr. Mills was sheriff of the county 
and a farmer in that locality, and there both 
himself and wife passed away. They became 
the parents of seven children, four sons and 
three daughters, of whom Charity S.. Mrs. 
Kincaid, was the fourth in order of birth. She 
was a graduate of the State Normal, and her 
marriage occurred in Woodbridge, Cal., in 
1S67. ten years after coming to the State. 
Born of the union of Mr. and Mrs. Kincaid 
are the following children: Allie, a graduate 

of the Los Angeles Normal, and an artist; 
Freeman M., a graduate of the University of 
California, and now in the postal service of 
this city ; Claude E., a mining man of Rhyo- 
lite ; Elmer L., a stenographer in Los Angeles ; 
Ralph, a merchant and rancher at Lugo; Wal- 
ter, an assayer at Los Angeles ; and Mary, a 
pianist, at home. Mr. Kincaid is identified 
fraternally with the Masonic organization, hav- 
ing been made a member of this order in Bel- 
mont, Nev., and in Austin, same state, was 
raised to the degree of Royal Arch. He is now 
a member of Pentalpha Lodge No. 202. F. &■ 
A. M., of Los Angeles. Politically he has been 
a stanch advocate of Republican principles 
since the time of John C. Fremont, casting his 
first vote for him in 1856. 

of the late Hon. Alexander McCoy, of Pasadena, 
was also widely and favorably known throughout 
Illinois, where from 1850 until his removal to 
California in 1888 his legal accomplishments won 
him the reputation of being one of the most bril- 
liant lawyers of the middle west. He was a man 
of strong personality, great force of character 
and rare mental attainments, to which were also 
added a persistency of purpose and zeal, intelli- 
gently and unerringly directed, which led to his 
notable achievements at the bar, the influence of 
his masterful intellect being felt by judge and 
jury as well as by his associates and clientele. 
Even larger honors came to him when, in the 
fall of 1864, his constituents made him their can- 
didate to the legislature of Illinois. During the 
session of 1865 he was awarded the chairmanship 
of the committee on judiciary, an honor which 
gave him the first place upon the floor as a legis- 
lator. There as in his private legal practice he 
was a recognized leader, and no matters of im- 
portance were ever considered settled that had 
not been brought before his consideration. While 
in the legislature his achievements were of great 
value to the state, and particularly that portion 
represented by him. 

( )f Scotch descent. Alexander McCoy was 
born n<-ar West Alexander. Washington county. 
Pa.. October 26, 1818. the son and grandson of 
John and Daniel McCoy respectively, the lat- 



ter a captain in the Revolutionary war. His 
mother, Jane (Brice) McCoy, was a daughter 
of Rev. John Brice, who organized and was the 
first pastor of the First Presbyterian Church of 
what was formerly known as Three Ridges, but 
is now West Alexander, Pa. To a primary edu- 
cation gleaned in the schools of his birthplace 
Alexander McCoy later added preparation for 
Washington College through a preceptorship 
under Rev. Dr. McClusky and other eminent men, 
entering that institution in 1842. For some time 
after his graduation he taught school in his home 
vicinity and later became a teacher of languages 
in the Vermilion Institute at Haysville, Ohio. 
Thus far his efforts had been but stepping-stones 
toward the plan which he had marked out as his 
future career, the entering wedge of which was 
taking up the study of law in the office of Given 
& Bancroft at Millersburg, Ohio. Always a great 
student and possessing a comprehensive mind, he 
naturally made rapid progress in his studies, and 
after a thorough preparation was admitted to the 
bar by the supreme court of Ohio in the winter 
of 1850. Immediately thereafter he removed to 
Peoria, 111., where he opened an office for the 
practice of his profession. This was a time when 
a great contest was being waged in the court of 
Peoria and adjoining counties between parties 
holding lands under tax titles accruing under the 
state authorities and parties claiming the same 
under patent given to soldiers for said lands by 
the general government. In order to obtain a 
clear understanding of the facts in the case Air. 
McCoy spent nearly a year in the county clerk's 
office of Peoria county, where the tax titles origi- 

In Peoria, February 1, 1851, Mr. McCoy en- 
tered into partnership with Henry Grove, under 
the firm name of Grove & McCoy, and from the 
first they were accorded patronage from the best 
and most influential residents of that city. After 
about six years of unbroken and ever increasing 
practice Mr. McCoy was, in the fall of 1856, 
elected state's attorney for what was then the 
sixteenth judicial district, for a term of four 
years. The strain of added duties in connec- 
tion with his heavy private practice finally proved 
too much for his physical endurance and in 1858 
the partnership was annulled. However, return- 
ing health finallv enabled him to resume his du- 

ties as prosecutor in his district, and at the close 
of his term, so thoroughly were his ability and fi- 
delity appreciated, that he was nominated and 
elected his own successor for another term of 
four years. In 1861, with continued improvement 
in health, the desire to take up private practice 
once more led to his association with Hon. N. H. 
Purple, ex-judge of the supreme court of Illi- 
nois, and under the name of Purple & McCoy 
the}' carried on an excellent practice in all of the 
courts for about two years, or until the death of 
Judge Purple in August of 1863. As has been 
previously stated, it was in the fall of 1864 that 
Mr. McCoy became a candidate for the legisla- 
ture, his career in that body adding still greater 
honors to his brilliant achievements. With the 
close of his term in the legislature, in the spring 
of 1867, he formed a partnership with Judge M. 
Williamson and John S. Stevens, a partnership 
which existed under the name of Williamson, Mc- 
Coy & Stevens until the death of Judge William- 
son in 1868, after which it became McCoy & 
Stevens. A large and lucrative practice was 
accorded them, including not only practice in 
the surrounding counties, but in the supreme 
court of the state and the circuit and district 
courts of the United States at Giicago. Yielding 
to the persuasions of friends, in May of 1871 he 
took up Its residence in the latter city and sub- 
sequently formed a partnership for legal practice 
with George F. Harding. They had been estab- 
lished in business but a few months when the 
great conflagration of October, 1871, crossed 
their path and Mr. McCoy's valuable and exten- 
sive law library was completely destroyed. Un- 
dismayed by their losses, however, they once 
more established themselves in business at an- 
other location and the following year admitted 
Lorin G. Pratt into the partnership, the firm of 
Harding, McCoy & Pratt carrying on a lucrative 
practice until Mr. Harding's retirement from the 
firm in 1875. Under the name of McCoy & 
Pratt business increased with rapid strides, in- 
cluding litigation in all of the courts, and dur- 
ing the last five years included considerable rail- 
road litigation. The sudden death of Mr. Pratt 
of heart disease September 23. 1881. once more 
left Mr. McCoy alone in business. An inveterate 
worker, he undertook the care of the large prac- 
tice alone, working early and late in handling the 



large volume of business which his clients were 
loath to place elsewhere. The strain of over- 
work, however, began to tell upon his constitution 
to such an extent that his retirement from prac- 
tice was advised. Subsequently he removed to 
California, in the winter of 1888, and his death in 
Pasadena February 10, 1893, ended a career of 
usefulness from a professional standpoint, and 
left to mourn his loss a widow and a son, besides 
innumerable friends and associates. The son, 
Alva D. S. McCoy, is a graduate of the Califor- 
nia State University at Berkeley and the Cooper 
Medical College of San Francisco. Since his 
graduation he has been located in Pasadena as 
a practicing physician. He married Helen, a 
daughter of Rev. L. P. Crawford, of Pasadena, 
and they have one son, Donald. 

Mr. McCoy formed domestic ties by his mar- 
riage, October 7, 1857. to Miss Sarah J. Math- 
ews, of Lee, N. H.. a woman of excellent mental 
qualities and a graduate of the female seminary 
at Mount Holyoke, Mass. At her death in 1863 
she left a daughter Sarah, who died in 1892. Mr. 
McCoy's second marriage occurred June 23, 
1869, and united him with Miss Lucinda E. Dut- 
ton. a native of Xew York, one who in every 
way, mentally and socially, was a fitting com- 
panion. Immediately thereafter, with his wife 
and daughter, he went abroad, making a complete 
tour of England and the continent, and upon his 
return to Peoria in 1870 once more resumed his 
legal practice. Though passed to that bourne 
whence no traveler returns, the influence of Mr. 
McCoy's life will ever remain an inspiration to 
those who were privileged to know him. A gen- 
erosity of heart and highmindedness of motive 
in all acts, public or private, displayed a person- 
ality that was broad and deep and one that cir- 
cumstances or ulterior influences could not alter 
one iota. 

CONRAD HAFEX. Across the vista of 
passing years the thoughts of this old pioneer 
often revert to the year 1868. with its exciting 
journey across the plains and its train of expe- 
riences in the far west. The ranks of the pio- 
neers are fast thinning out, but fortunate it is 
that some still remain to receive the appreciation 
of a younger generation and to enjoy the bless- 

ings of a twentieth-century civilization. The 
past and the present seem to be brought nearer 
together when it is remembered that these men, 
still active factors in our development, were wit- 
nesses of our history. Born in Scherzingen, 
Canton Turgau, September 11, 1824, Conrad 
Hafen was a child of six years at the death of 
his father, Casper Hafen, who was a shoemaker 
by trade. Five children were born of his mar- 
riage with Barbara Venk, and Conrad was next 
to the youngest of the number. Under the sunny 
skies of his native land he passed his boyhood 
and youth, interspersing attendance at the public 
schools with such work as he could find to do. 
Living in an agricultural community it was 
quite natural that in selecting a calling he should 
give his preference to farming, and this he did, 
and in addition to raising the products common 
to the average farm he also raised grapes in 
large quantities. As long as he remained in his 
native land he continued to follow this life, dis- 
continuing it however in i860 to make his home 
in the new world, concerning which he had 
heard very favorable reports as a place where 
a young man with push and energy could ad- 
vance rapidly and make a name and place for 
himself. His hopes and aspirations at that time 
were not in vain, for with the passing of the 
years he has been enabled to win success in spite 
of difficulties, and today is one of the best be- 
loved citizens of Los Angeles, which he has 
seen develop from a small town of five thousand 
inhabitants to its present size and standing 
among the cities of the world. 

Landing on the shores of the new world at 
Castle Garden, N. Y., Mr. Hafen went from there 
by rail to Omaha, Neb., where he outfitted with 
ox-teams and wagons and the other necessities 
essential for a trip across the plains. Three 
months of hard travel, interspersed with numer- 
ous attacks from hostile Indians, finally brought 
the party to their journey's end at Salt Lake 
City. In that locality Mr. Hafen remained for 
two years, following fanning in the mean time, 
and later carried on a similar business near 
Santa Clara, Utah. After making his home in 
Utah for eight years, or until 1868, he once 
more took up the westward march and with a 
six-horse team made his way to Southern Cali- 
fornia, crossing Death Valley by way of Cajon 



Pass and reaching Los Angeles December 16. 
Here the climate and conditions were such as to 
remind him of his experiences as a vineyardist 
in his native land, and for two years he rented 
a vineyard in this locality. The undertaking 
proved a success, judged from the fact that he 
afterward purchased land on what is now the 
corner of Central avenue and Fourteenth street 
and set out a vineyard of his own, in time having 
one of the largest and most productive vine- 
yards in the locality. Finally, in 1878, he dis- 
posed of the property and has since lived re- 
tired, now making his home in a comfortable 
residence at No. 1156 San Julian street. Not 
only as a vineyardist is Mr. Hafen well known, 
but his name has been perpetuated in the Hafen 
house, which he erected in 1876, and some years 
later, in 1899, he built the new Hafen house on 
South Hill street. This latter hostelry he dis- 
posed of in 1905. Many residences scattered 
throughout the city have also been erected by 
Mr. Hafen. 

During young manhood and while still a resi- 
dent of Switzerland, Mr. Hafen formed domes- 
tic ties by his marriage with Miss Margaret 
Hafen, who like himself was born in that coun- 
try. She died in Los Angeles. January 7, 1901, 
having become the mother of five children, of 
whom three are still living, as follows : Louis, 
Elisa, the wife of William Brice ; and Ida, Mrs. 
Dedrich, all residents of Los Angeles. Politically 
Mr. Hafen is a Republican. Personally he is a 
man who stands high in the estimation of those 
who know him, all appreciating his fine qualities 
of manhood and generosity of heart. Liberal to 
a fault, he gives of his means with a lavish hand, 
and many have reason to bless him for benefac- 
tions and kind, friendly advice. 

triotism has ever been a prominent character- 
istic of the Burnham family, but in none of its 
representatives has the expression of this 
quality had better opportunity than in the life 
of Major David R. Burnham. When the first 
gun that opened the conflict between the north 
and the south was fired he was a young man of 
twenty-six years, full of vigor and patriotic 
ardor, and when the call came for able-bodied 

men he was among the first to offer his serv- 
ices. From Carbondale. Pa., where he was 
born November JO, 1835, he enlisted in his 
country's service August 28. 1861, and was 
made first lieutenant of the Sixty-seventh 
Pennsylvania Volunteers. From time to time 
he was honored with promotion by his su- 
periors, who recognized in him qualities of 
leadership and a knowledge of military tactics 
not possessed by the average soldier. June 20. 
1863, he was made ordnance officer of the 
Third Division. Third Army Corps of the Po- 
tomac, and on November 6 of the same year 
was made captain of his regiment. During his 
service of four years he had encountered many 
hard-fought engagements, and was a partici- 
pant in the following battles: Winchester, 
Maryland Heights, Mine Run, Wilderness, 
Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg and 
Monocacy, and also participated in the mili- 
tary operations in the Shenandoah Valley. 

After the close of the war Mr. Burnham be- 
came second lieutenant of the Thirty-fifth In- 
fantry, Regular Army of the United States, 
where as in his previous service, he was ad- 
vanced for meritorious deeds, his commission 
bearing date June 18. 1867. August 12. 1869. 
this regiment was consolidated with the Fif- 
teenth Infantry and became the Fifteenth 
United States Infantry, in which he served as 
second lieutenant, and it was while in this 
command that he was promoted to first lieu- 
tenant January 1. 1875. His promotion to the 
captaincy of his regiment occurred October 
31, 1884, a commission which he held through- 
out the remainder of his service. For some 
time he had been failing in health, but was 
unwilling to resign from the army. Con- 
tinued ill health, however, finally made a 
change necessary and he retired from the 
service Tune 15. 1891. In recognition of his 
faithful service in years past he was promoted 
to major on the retired list April 23, 1904. 
After the failure of his health Major Burnham 
sought the mild climate of California in the 
hope of regaining his former strength, a hope 
which has been realized to its fullest expecta- 
tion, for since coming to Pasadena in 1896 
he has practically renewed his youth. 

Major Burnham was united in marriage 



February 22, 1859. with Olive E. Powers. 
who. like himself, is a native of Pennsylvania, 
her birth occurring in Milford, where her 
father, Edmond Powers, was a well-known 
citizen. Two sons, William P. and Ralph B., 
were born to Mr. and Mrs. Burnham, a sketch 
of the former appearing elsewhere in this vol- 
ume. The family home is one of the finest 
residences in Pasadena, and here with his wife 
Major Burnham is passing his later years i- 
the rest from care which his many years of 
meritorious service make possible. He is a 
member of California Commandery, Military 
Order Loval Legion of the United States. 

through prominence in the commercial circles of 
Los Angeles, but also by reason of identification 
with civic progress and local politics. Air. Sum- 
merland ranks among the well-known men of the 
city. Many years have passed since he came to 
the then small town of Los Angeles and since 
then he has associated himself with every move- 
ment tending toward the development of local 
resources and the increased prosperity of the peo- 
ple. As earlv as 1888 he was first chosen a mem- 
ber of the city council from the eighth ward, 
serving two terms of two years each, and during 
this time he gave much attention to the duties of 
the office, favoring every project for the intro- 
duction of modern improvements and for the ad- 
vancement of business interests. From 1894 un- 
til 1808 he served as county assessor. During 
[902 he was elected councilman for one term from 
the fourth ward, and following his re-election in 
1904 he served as president of the council until 
1906. Under his executive leadership the coun- 
cil accomplished much for the benefit of the city 
and instituted many improvements rendered 
nece^ary by the town's rapid upbuilding into a 
commercial metropolis. Not tin- least of these 
improvements was the inauguration of the < )wens 
river project, laying the plans now on the eve 
of success which will bring to Los Angeles an 
abundant supply of pure mountain water for all 
time to come. At the convention held in Santa 
Cruz in September. H;:><>, he received the nomi- 
nation of the Republican party as railroad corn- 
ier of the third district anil was , lei ted 

by a very large majority. In January, 1907, he 
entered upon the duties of the position, to which 
he gives the required time and attention. 

Shortlv after the marriage of Isaac Summer- 
land and Eliza Fellows, which was solemnized in 
their native England, they crossed the ocean to 
the United States and settled in Pennsylvania, 
where their two children, a daughter and son, 
were born. For a time they lived in Cumberland 
county, Pa. The father came to California in 
1852. and ten years later he was joined by his 
family, they making the journey by the water 
route. At first they made their home in Yuba 
and Plumas counties, hut eventually settled in 
Lake county, where the mother died in 1883, 
and the father and sister three years later. The 
only surviving member of the family is Theo- 
dore, a native of Cumberland county. Pa., born 
September 6. 1852, and the recipient of a public- 
school education in the home neighborhood. 
After coming to the Pacific coast he was a stu- 
dent for a short lime at the Xapa Collegiate In- 
stitute. On taking up life's activities he assisted 
his father in a store in Greenville. Plumas 
county, and later was employed by the Wells- 
Fargo Express Company in Marysville. 

An appointment as agent of the Pacific Mutual 
Life Insurance Company brought Mr. Summer- 
land to Los Angeles in 1877. from which point 
he had charge of the company's policies and busi- 
ness covering a very large territory. Later he 
established an independent life, fire and accident 
insurance business, of which he was the local 
agent, and since then he has continued doing a 
general insurance business in this city. For three 
years he served as special agent of the Liverpool, 
London and Globe Fire Insurance Company of 
Southern California. The demands of his busi- 
ness affairs and the discharge of his official duties 
occupy hi- tune and attention, yet he finds leisure 
to promote outside movements and to identify 
himself with the Los Angeles Chamber of Com- 
merce. For some years he has been a leading 
local worker in the Benevolent Protective Order 
of Elks, being first past exalted ruler of Lodge 
No. 99, in I. os \.ngeles. A firm believer in the 
high principles for which Masonry stands, he has 
been a member since he was of age and is now 
associated with Los Angeles Lodge No. 42, F. & 
A M., as well as the chapter in this city, and is 

v txW^Xi^VVk/v 




also a member of the Knights of Pythias. So- 
cially he is a member of the Union League Club, 
and politically he has always been a very active 
worker in Republican ranks. Alike in fraternal 
relations, business affairs and official positions 
he has proved energetic, resourceful and capable, 
and his citizenship has been an honor to himself 
and to his city. 

Mrs. Summerland was formerly Mrs. Estelle 
(Sallady ) Unger, widow of the former city audi- 
tor, Elijah I nger. She was born in ( )hio and 
came to California with her parents when a child. 

CALLAGHAX BYRNE. Probably there 
is no one in all Los Angeles county who is 
not familiar with the name and location of the 
Byrne building in Los Angeles. This was one 
of the first instances of the use of light-colored 
brick south of San Francisco, and so pleasing 
has it become to the eye that the precedent 
thus established has since been followed by 
all erecting modern office buildings. 

.Mr. Byrne is a native of the sunny south, 
having been born in Xew Orleans, La. Dur- 
ing his boyhood years his parents came to 
California and established their home in San 
Francisco, so that practically his entire life 
has been passed in this state. His education 
was received in the parochial schools of that 
city, and he was graduated from St. Ignatius 
College. During his early boyhood years he 
was associated with men of large real estate 
interests, and although he did not enter that 
field at first, he soon drifted into it. and with 
resulting credit to himself and to the city 
to which he later moved. Soon after leaving 
college he became assistant passenger ami 
ticket agent and cashier of the San Francisco 
& North Pacific Railroad, otherwise known 
as the Donahue line, and also auditor for the 
same company. He has held large tru^t- o' 
honor and retains the confidence of all who 
know him for his unquestioned integrity. 

It was in 1882, while on his way to the 
Mardi Gras in New Orleans, that Mr. Byrne 
first saw the city of Los Angeles. From 
that time on he did not cease to persuade 
his relatives and friends to invest in this city, 
so favorable had been his first impressions. 

and he, his mother, Mrs. Margaret Irvine, and 
his brother, began investing in real estate 
here as early as 1886. It was in 1892 that 
Mr. Byrne located in the city permanently, 
and has since thrown his whole life into the 
upbuilding and advancement of its best in- 
terests. Wisely foreseeing the need of a mod- 
ern office building in a city that was making 
such rapid strides in population he set about 
drawing the plans for such a structure, the 
classical front and general plan being the 
joint design of himself and his brother. James 
W. Byrne, of San Francisco. The building 
is admirably located on the corner of Third 
and Broadway, covering a ground space 
120x105 feet, and is five stories in height. It 
is his present intention to enlarge the build- 
ing by the erection of two additional stories. 
( )f classical design and architecture, it is con- 
structed of what is called Roman brick, 
shipped from Lincoln, Placer county, this 
state, a brick which is more expensive than 
that used in the construction of any other 
building in Los Angeles. As has been pre- 
viously stated, the Byrne building was the 
first light-colored building erected in this city, 
and furthermore was the first modern office 
building to appear on Broadway. The struct- 
ure has been a model for most of the office 
buildings that have since been erected in this 
city. If there is one feature more than an- 
other that makes the Byrne building attract- 
ive to tenants it is the fact that it is so ar- 
ranged as to be well lighted at all times, in 
fact the light problem was one of the prime 
considerations with Mr. Byrne in drawing 
the plans of the building. 

Quality and not quantity has been a prin- 
ciple that Mr. Byrne has rigidly adhered to 
throughout his life. He did more than any 
other man to impart the irreproachable char- 
acter to Broadway that it now enjoys by 
awaiting tenants of stores who would create 
a fashionable shopping district and give the 
locality a metropolitan tone from the start. 
This was never better illustrated than at the 
time tenants were seeking admission into the 
Byrne building after its _ completion: only 
those were admitted who bore the highest 
reputation ; as a consequence a number of the 

-MM I 


stores remained idle for a time. From the 
first Mr. Byrne has endeavored to raise or 
rather keep high the standard of Broadway as 
a high-class commercial street, and the fore- 
going incident is a practical demonstration of 
his sincerity in the matter. At one time there 
was an attempt to prevail upon property 
owners to permit a saloon on the block, and 
when the matter was placed before Mr. Byrne 
for his opinion he made the most of the op- 
portunity to plead for the maintenance of a 
clean thoroughfare, one in which ladies would 
feel free to transact business without embar- 
rassment. This influence had the desired re- 
sult, as is seen in the fact that from Second 
street to Fifth on Broadway, a distance of 
more than two thousand feet, not a single 
saloon is to be seen, something unequaled in 
a non-prohibition city. The effect of this is 
that property on that street rents and sells 
for a higher price than on any other street in 
the city, and the location of the Byrne build- 
ing is the choicest shopping corner in the city. 
Air. Byrne initiated removing poles from the 
streets by having owners consent to the pres- 
ent system of running the trolley wires to 
the buildings. 

In addition to his property interests in Los 
Angeles, Mr. Byrne owns valuable land in 
Santa Barbara, most of which is on the ocean 
front ; lemon groves in Montecito, and oil 
lands, as well as valuable property in Orange 
county, Santa Clara valley, and in San Fran- 
cisco, also property interests in other states. 
From the foregoing it is easily seen that Mr. 
Byrne is a public-spirited man in the best 
sense of that word. He is one of the mem- 
bers of the Chamber of Commerce of Los 
Angeles, has been chairman and on commit- 
tees of the Fiesta, and is a stockholder in 
numerous financial institutions both in Los 
Angeles and San Francisco. Socially he is a 
member of the Jonathan Club. He is a 
widower, and his only child, a son. Callaghan 
Byrne. Jr.. is now a bright lad of six years. 

Mr. Byrne is of a retiring, kindly nature, 
with literary and artistic ability. He enjoys 
traveling, a pleasure which has taken him over 
the greater part of the world, he having been 
several times to Europe, and in every state 

in the Union. He and his mother and brother 
lost a very valuable collection of paintings, 
marble and bronze statuary, brie a brae and 
library in the San Francisco conflagration. He 
has declined political offices and directorships 
of institutions, even the presidency of a bank, 
preferring to be free to travel, as he has a 
sufficiency of worldly goods. 

highest qualities of womanhood and the strong 
capabilities necessary to a business life may go 
hand in hand has been demonstrated in the career 
of Mrs. Emma A. Summers, one of the most suc- 
cessful operators in oil lands and real estate of 
Southern California. Born and bred in Ken- 
tucky, she spent the earlier years of her life in 
Hickman, where her father. Capt. \Y. L. Mc- 
Cutcheon, engaged as a merchant and banker. 
He was a native of Tennessee and was descended 
from an old southern family, originally of 
Scotch-Irish extraction ; he spent the last years 
of his life in Kentucky, where he rose to promi- 
nence in the business world, as well as winning 
a large circle of friends who held him in the 
highest appreciation because of his sterling traits 
of character. His wife, formerly Jennie E. Gar- 
rison, was a native of Tennessee, and a daughter 
of Major J. E. Garrison, a large planter of that 
state ; she still survives and makes her home in 
Kentucky. A relative of the McCutcheons is 
Gen. John Thomas McCutcheon, of Virginia, 
while other members of the family have risen to 
prominence in various walks of life. 

Emma A. McCutcheon received a preliminary 
education in the select schools of Kentucky, after 
which, having developed unusual musical tastes, 
she was sent to Boston, Mass., where she took a 
complete course in the New England Conserva- 
tory of Music. The talent then developed has 
remained an important one throughout her entire 
life, and after she came to Los Angeles she util- 
ized it b\ organizing a large class of music pupils, 
some of whom have been verv successful in the 
work. Shortly after returning to her home in 
Kentucky .Mis-. McCutcheon became the bride of 
A. C. Summers, and together they located their 
home in the western country. In the same year 
that they removed to Fort Worth, Tex., they 



: ' 





came on to Southern California, this being in 
i NX i. and it was here that Mrs. Summers began 
the development of the business ability which has 
distinguished her among the financiers of this 
part of the Pacific coast. She at once began deal- 
ing in real estate, in which she was very suc- 
cessful. At the time of the first oil activity in 
this section (1892). when oil was discovered in 
the vicinity of her home on California street, 
Mrs. Summers secured a good location for her 
first well, which is evidenced when it is known 
that the well is still producing ( 1907). It is lo- 
cated on Court street, near Temple, in what was 
formerly the very heart of the oil belt. Since that 
day Mrs. Summers has sunk many wells in vari- 
ous parts of the oil field and to-day is the larg- 
est individual operator in crude oil in California 
and is frequentlv referred to as the "oil queen." 
a title that she has earned by virtue of her ex- 
tensive and stupendous operations in the oil fields. 
She maintains a suite of handsome offices in the 
Herman W. Hellman building, where she con- 
ducts her extensive affairs, having held contracts 
at different times with such oil-consuming plants 
as those operated by the Los Angeles Railway 
Company, the San Pedro, Los Angeles and Salt 
Lake Railroad, the Redondo Railway Company, 
the Pacific Light & Power Company, the Ice & 
Cold Storage Company, besides a number of oil 
refineries and practically every large hotel, laun- 
dry and machine shop in the city. 

Having always acted independently in her oper- 
ations Mrs. Summers is entitled to the full meas- 
ure of credit for her unparalleled success. Her in- 
heritance of business ability and judgment has 
been supplemented by a wide training in the busi- 
ness world, contact with financial enterprises and 
business men. and It is thus that she has broad- 
ened into the practical, thorough business woman 
she is, despite the fact that she is of an artistic 
temperament and well developed along those 
lines. She occupies her old home on California 
street, where she has lived ever since coming to 
Los Angeles, and here gives free rein to her 
artistic tastes. She has built up for herself a 
wide circle of friends, wdio appreciate her for her 
womanly characteristics rather than for the un- 
usual ability which has brought her success in 
the financial world. She is a member of the 
Chamber of Commerce and active in all move- 

ments brought forward for the advancement of 
the city's interest. In religion she is a member of 
the Episcopal Church. 

LE< >X T. SHETTLER. While yet a young 
man, Leon T. Shettler has won a reputation 
111 the business world which might do credit 
to a man many years his senior. This is due to 
no reflected influence from his father, Reuben 
Shettler, at one time an active business man in 
Lansing. Mich., but who is now living retired 
in Los Angeles. For a more extended account 
of the life of Reuben Shettler the reader is re- 
ferred to his sketch, which appears elsewhere 
in this volume. Leon T. Shettler was born in 
Tecumseh, Lenawee county, Mich., December 
27, 1879, and in his home city he attended the 
common schools, later attending the high 
school at Lansing. At the close of the junior 
year, however, he discontinued his studies and 
at the same time began an apprenticeship in 
the ( >lds gas engine works, a step which he 
was led to take through inherited mechanical 

At the close of his apprenticeship he be- 
came private secretary to Mr. Peer, who rep- 
resented the Huber Manufacturing Company, 
of Lansing, Mich. After holding this position 
for some time he resigned the office in 1902 
and came to Los Angeles, believing that in the 
west larger opportunities awaited him than in 
the middle west. With a capital of $500 he 
established himself in the automobile business 
on Sixth street near Spring, at first handling 
the Oldsmobile exclusively, having the agency 
for this machine throughout Southern Califor- 
nia. During the time which he held this 
agency, from October 4, 1902, until January 1, 
1905, he built up an excellent business, but 
notwithstanding this he sold out his business 
on the date last mentioned and returned to 
Lansing in order to familiarize himself with 
the mechanism of the Reo automobile. This 
he accomplished by entering the factory, 
which had been in operation only a few months. 
and after applying himself for six months he 
was thoroughly familiar with every part of the 
machine. With the knowledge which he had 
acquired and with a full line of Reo automo- 



biles he returned to Los Angeles July I, 1905, 
opening a garage at Xo. 415 South Hill street. 
From this beginning has developed a large 
sale of Reo cars on the Pacific coast, in fact 
it is conservatively estimated that he has 
placed over one thousand cars of that make 
on the road during this time. To such an ex- 
tent did the business grow that during the year 
1905. the same year in which he established 
the business, he was justified in erecting a 
garage of his own at No. 633 South Grand 
avenue. This is a structure 65x165 feet, built 
according to plans prepared by Mr. Shettler 
for his special purpose, which provides ac- 
commodation for the largest stock of auto- 
mobiles in Los Angeles. Some idea of the 
magnitude of the business transacted by Mr. 
Shettler may be gained when it is known that 
he employs twenty salesmen to represent the 
Reo automobile throughout Southern Califor- 
nia, besides which he maintains a facsimile of 
his Los Angeles garage in San Diego, the lat- 
ter having been established in 1907. A num- 
ber of men now prominent in automobile cir- 
cles on the Pacific coast owe their position 
either directly or indirectly to Mr. Shettler, 
Laving been brought to the west by him or 
through his influence. Among them may be 
mentioned H. M. Hanshue, at one time em- 
ployed in the Olds factory in Lansing, and now 
the manager of the San Diego branch above 
mentioned. Mr. Hanshue has the reputation 
of being the best driver on the Pacific coast. 
Another representative from the Olds factory 
is F. E. Hughes, who is now filling an impor- 
tant position as one of the sales managers of 
the Western Motor Car Company of Los An- 
geles. Jack Stoner, who came to the coast in 
[902, is now the Pacific coast manager for the 
Standard Automobile Company of San Fran- 
cisco, and I*". A. Bennett, now located in Port- 
land, is well known as one of the largest auto- 
mobile dealers on the Pacific coast. 

In Lansing, Mich., Mr. Shettler formed do- 
mestic ties by his marriage with Miss Frances 
Lemon, who was born in Byron, Shiawassee 
county, Mich. Tiny have a pleasant and com- 
modious residence at Xo. 1718 Lennox avenue, 
where they both dispense a gracious hospi- 
tality tn their many friends. Few men are bet- 

ter versed in the automobile business than Mr. 
Shettler, and as secretary and treasurer of the 
Automobile Dealers Association of Southern 
California he is filling a position for which he 
is in every way qualified. He is also a mem- 
ber of the Chamber of Commerce of Los An- 
geles, and in his political inclinations he is in 
sympathy with Republican principles. Proba- 
bly no one in automobile circles on the Pacific 
coast is held in higher esteem than Mr. Shet- 
tler, who has reached his present success 
through the exercise of high principles of 
honor in all of his dealings and he may justly 
be proud of the success which has come to 
him. Xot unlike his father, he too is lavish 
of his gifts to the deserving and unfortunate, 
but all of his benevolences are bestowed in such 
an unostentatious manner that none but the 
recipients know of the good he accomplishes. 

HAMPTON L STORY. Among the first 
families of New England was that of the Storys, 
established on American soil by an Englishman 
who crossed the ocean about 1640 and reared a 
family amid the privations and hardships of a 
frontier country. Succeeding generations re- 
mained residents of New England and in Ver- 
mont became prosperous farmers. Elijah Story, 
a native of Pennington, Yt., married a Miss 
Beaman and reared a family, among whom was 
a son, Andrew. Fie became a prosperous farmer 
and married Adaline Read, a native of A r ermont 
and likewise the representative of an old New 
England family. Born among the mountains of 
Vermont, in the township of Cambridge, June 
17, 1835, Hanmton L. Story was a son of An- 
drew and Adaline Story, and on the parental 
farm he attained years of maturity. He attended 
the public schools in pursuit of an early educa- 
tion, later a select school, then the Vermont 
Academy at Bakersfield, and still later the acad- 
emy at Fairfax, same state. 

Well equipped for the battle of life as far as 
education was concerned, Hampton L. Story- 
then left his native state and coming as far west 
as Illinois taught school for four winter terms. 
He had previously taught one year in Vermont, 
and after completing his fourth term in the 
Prairie state he returned to his native state and 

//-I ^/Qr+^-l^if - 



there engaged in the music business in the ca- 
pacity of salesman. Wishing to try his ability 
along independent lines, he then opened a store 
and stocked it with musical instruments and met 
with a success which encouraged him later to 
engage in the manufacture of instruments in a 
modest way. His business career was interrupt- 
ed by his enlistment in 1863 in the Twelfth 
Regiment Vermont Infantry, when he was at 
once ordered to the front and participated in 
many important engagements, among them Get- 
tysburg and Chancellorsville. After his honor- 
able discharge he returned to Vermont and en- 
gaged again in his commercial enterprise, finally 
entering into a partnership to do business in 
Chicago under the firm name of Story & Camp, 
which connection continued successfully from 
1867 to 1882. In the last-named year Air. Story 
sold his interest and formed a partnership with 
Mr. Clark in the manufacture of pianos and or- 
gans, and later with his three sons began the 
enlargement of their enterprise. This is now 
one of the most noted concerns of the United 
States, the plant, which is located at Grand 
Haven, Mich., covering over four blocks and 
being one of the largest concerns of its kind in 
the world. It is thoroughly equipped with the 
most modern and improved machinery and pro- 
duces pianos and organs of a superior quality 
and tone, which are shipped to all parts of the 
globe. The business offices are in Chicago, 
where its active affairs are transacted. Mr. 
Story passes his winters in his beautiful home at 
Altadena, while his summers are spent in Chi- 
cago and at the factory with his three sons. 

Mr. Story's first trip to California was made 
in 1882, when he interested himself in several 
upbuilding enterprises in San Diego, among 
them the building of the Coronado hotel, one 
of the most noted resorts in the extreme part of 
Southern California ; was also president of and 
built the Coronado railroad, some twenty-five 
miles in length, and was similarly connected with 
the first street railway of San Diego ; he was the 
promoter of the ferry system from San Diego 
to Coronado and the installation of the water 
system ; was instrumental in getting the Santa 
Fe Railway built into the city ; as well as being 
identified with numerous other enterprises which 
had for their end the development and upbuild- 

ing of the place. During this period he became 
connected with the interests of Escondido, assist- 
ing in the building of that town and at the pres- 
ent writing is serving as a director in the Escon- 
dido Land & Water Company. The greater part 
of his San Diego interests he disposed of in 1888. 
Five years later he came to Altadena and pur- 
chased a tract of ten acres, which was known 
as the Woodbury homestead. He at once re- 
modeled the house, laid out the grounds in a 
most artistic manner, set out trees and shrubs 
and various plants, and planted a portion of the 
land to lemons. This is now one of the most 
beautiful homes in Altadena. and when Mr. 
Story comes to the coast for the winters it is a 
time of recreation and pleasure for him. How- 
ever, all of his time is not given over to pleasure, 
for ever since his location here he has taken an 
active interest in the development of the section, 
the water system of Altadena finding in him a 
practical promoter, and also served as president 
of the company known as the Rubio Land & 
Water Association, and during his incumbency 
of ten years the greater part of its development 
was made. He was active in the organization of 
the Altadena Improvement Association and for 
two years served as its president. 

Mr. Story has been twice married, his first 
wife being a Miss Fuller, by whom he had two 
sons, Edward H. and Frank F. In 1876 he was 
united in marriage with Miss Adella B. Ellis, 
and born of this union are James E. and Ada, 
the latter the wife of R. H. Ripley. Mr. Story 
is associated with several important social clubs 
of the section, among them the Valley Hunt 
Club of Pasadena, the Sierra Club of the state 
and the California Club of Los Angeles, while 
he belongs to the Grand Arm}- of the Republic 
of San Diego, the Knights of Pythias, the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows and the Masonic 
lodge of Burlington, \'t. He is recognized as 
one of the enterprising citizens of Altadena. a 
successful business man. and a cultured and 
scholarly gentleman. 

medical profession in Los Angeles has no more 
brilliant exponent than Dr. Jenkins, whose abil- 
ities come to him as an inherited tendency 



through several generations, his father, uncles 
and grandfather following this profession in the 
British army and navy medical service and in 
private practice. The family originally flour- 
ished in England, where the name was well 
known as one of the old country families, dat- 
ing back many centuries, and the emigrating 
ancestor established the name in Canada, here 
as on the other side of the water producing men 
who added luster to a name already held in high 
repute. Four sons of Grandfather Jenkins fol- 
lowed the medical profession in England, and 
all their sons chose the same calling, preparing 
for their life work in hospitals and medical col- 
leges in London and on the Continent. Among 
the sons was F. D. Jenkins, the father of Dr. 
Jenkins, who after completing his medical train- 
ing in England came to America and entered the 
University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, from 
which institution he also graduated. For some 
time he practiced as a physician and surgeon 
in Michigan, but the last twenty years of his life 
were spent in Riverside, Cal., where he lived an 
ideal retired life among his orange groves until 
his death. He held membership in several 
European scientific associations and was an au- 
thority in analytical chemistry. He possessed 
the highest medical and surgical qualifications 
of Great Britain. 

On the maternal side Dr. Jenkins is of Irish 
descent; his mother, in maidenhood Miss M. E. 
Hale, was born in Ireland, a direct descendant 
of the noted Sir Mathew Hale. She is still liv- 
ing and makes her home in Riverside. 

The only son in a family of three children, Dr. 
J. F. T. Jenkins was born in Toronto, Canada, 
April 19. 1854, and received his early training 
in the schools of his home city. Supplementary 
to hi^ preliminary education he took a course in 
the Upper Canada College, and later entered the 
medical department of the University of Louis- 
ville. Ky.. graduating with first honors from 
that institution in 1878 with the degree of M. I).. 
receiving a gold medal. He then spent one year 
in the Toronto General Hospital and in Trinity 
Medical College, Toronto, after which he be- 
came a student of the medical faculty of the 
University fit Bishop's College, Montreal, now 
amalgamated with McGill University of the 
same city, graduating the following year as 

valedictorian of his class with the degrees of 
C. M., M. D. Under the terms of amalgamation 
between the two universities. Dr. Jenkins as a 
graduate of Bishop's College will receive the 
degrees of M. D., C. M., from McGill Univer- 
sity, ad eundem statum. Even this preparation 
did not satisfy his ambition and to further qual- 
ify himself for his profession he continued his 
studies, becoming a member of the College of 
Physicians and Surgeons, Quebec, and then went 
to London, England, and Paris, France, study- 
ing in the hospitals and colleges there. While 
abroad he made a tour of the continent and 
after visiting all the principal cities he returned 
to his home and engaged in the practice of medi- 
cine in Montreal, following this uninterruptedly 
until he came to California. The year 1893 wit- 
nessed his arrival in Los Angeles, and in that 
section of the city now known as Union Square 
he opened an office for the practice of his pro- 
fession at the junction of Union, Hoover and 
Twenty-fourth streets. Dr. Jenkins has the dis- 
tinction of being the pioneer physician in that 
part of the city, for at that time Hoover street 
formed the western boundary of the city, and 
in the intervening years he has seen the city 
limits extend many miles beyond and the space 
built up with beautiful residences. 

In Louisville, Ky.. Dr. Jenkins was married 
to Miss M. E. Pelot, who was born in Charles- 
ton, S. C, and was educated in Louisville, Ky. 
Dr. and Mrs. Jenkins have two children who are 
in every way a credit to their parents. The 
eldest, Dr. J. Evan, has followed in the foot- 
steps of his father in the selection of a profes- 
sion and is now one of the rising young sur- 
geons of Los Angeles, having graduated from 
the medical department of the University of 
Southern California in 1903 and passed the 
State Board of Medical Examiners the same 
year ; he was appointed by the board of super- 
visors interne at the County Hospital, which 
position he filled for one year, leaving it at the 
expiration of that time to fill a similar position 
in the California Hospital for another term. 
Liter he took a post-graduate course in the 
larger eastern hospitals and is now associated 
with his father in general practice. The other 
child. Shirley, graduated from the Los Angeles 

1M fH. /O^^?/?' 



high school and was recently married to Ralph 
Getchell Dow of Los Angeles. 

No opportunity for furthering his knowledge 
in his chosen profession is neglected by Dr. Jen- 
kins, as is attested by his membership in a num- 
ber of medical societies at home and abroad, of 
which we might mention the State Medical 
Association, American Medical Association and 
the Los Angeles County Medical Society. Prob- 
ably no one in the profession in Los Angeles 
holds a higher position in the esteem of pro- 
fessional men and laymen than Dr. Jenkins, and 
the productions of his scholarly pen have had 
wide circulation in American and foreign med- 
ical journals. Both Dr. and Mrs. Jenkins are 
much loved and respected by their many friends 
and no service which they can render their fel- 
low-men is withheld for lack of sympathy or 
good-will. In Louisville, Ky.. in 1877, Dr. Jen- 
kins was made a Mason in Robinson Lodge No. 
266. He has passed through all the chairs in 
Odd Fellowship and is a member of Los Angeles 
Tent No. 2 of the Knights of the Maccabees, 
also examining physician for the life insurance 
department of that order. During his more than 
thirty years' continuous practice he has held 
various appointments as medical teacher, prac- 
titioner and medical journalist. With his wife 
he is an attendant at St. John's Episcopal Church, 
and politically he espouses Republican principles. 

are among the earliest American pioneer fam- 
ilies of Los Angeles, coming here in 1849, 
when it was a small pueblo with a few adobe 
buildings clustered around the plaza. The 
father of the family was Dr. Leonce Hoover, 
born in Canton Argau, Switzerland ; he gradu- 
ated from a medical college and was a surgeon 
in the army of Napoleon. Later he came to 
the United States and became a practicing 
physician in New Albany, Ind. The name in 
Switzerland was Huber and was changed to 
Hoover by the doctor when he took out his 
naturalization papers. In 1849 ne started with 
his family, consisting of his wife and four chil- 
dren, for California, crossing the plains with 
ox teams and wagons. Vincent was then 
twenty-three years of age ; another son, John, 

aged twelve, died of cholera en route. From 
Salt Lake they came by the southern route to 
the Chino ranch, and then came on to the 
pueblo of Los Angeles. Dr. Hoover was al- 
ready advanced in years and wished to retire 
from practice, but this he was not allowed to 
do, for he was soon forced to visit the sick, 
and being a very able and successful practi- 
tioner his desires in the matter were not con- 
sidered and he continued the practice of medi- 
cine until his death, in 1862. Dr. Hoover was 
a cultured and refined gentleman of scholarly 
attainments and a fine linguist. His wife, 
Eva. died in Los Angeles in 1852. The oldest 
in the family was Charles Hoover, a wholesale 
druggist in New Albany, Ind., where he died. 
Of the two daughters, Anna M. died in Los 
Angeles in 1856. Mary A. became the wife of 
Samuel Briggs, a native of Claremont, N. H., 
who came to California in 1861 and to Los 
Angeles in 1863, and was for many years agent 
for the Wells Fargo Express Company. His 
demise occurred in 1884. 

Vincent A. Hoover was born in Pennsyl- 
vania in 1826 and received his education in 
the schools of New Albany, Ind. In 1849 ne 
accompanied his parents to California, driving 
an ox team, and in 1850 he and his father went 
to the placer mines in northern California, 
wdiere they found very rich placers, but were 
driven out by the hostile Indians. During this 
time the family lived at the old Wolfskill vine- 
yard, and orange grove, the present site of the 
Southern Pacific depot. On his arrival in Los 
Angeles he went to work and in 1851 he had 
accumulated sufficient funds to purchase 
twelve acres of land on Mesa street, which he 
at once began to improve. He was one of the 
first to engage in horticulture in Los Angeles 
and he set out and developed the valuable 
orchard which he sold in 1870. Thereafter he 
engaged in dealing in real estate in the city 
and building up and developing his property, 
in time becoming one of the leading business 
men and capitalists of the place. His busi- 
ness judgment was frequently sought and he 
was for many years, or until his death in 1883, 
an appraiser for banks. After his death Mrs. 
Briggs administered the estate and has since 
invested and reinvested in Los Angeles city 



property, having been exceptionally success- 
ful and demonstrated her executive and busi- 
ness ability. The result is she owns valuable 
inside property in this city that has grown 
from the little Mexican pueblo she saw in 
1849 unt il ^ is now a large metropolitan city. 
In 1898 she built her present comfortable 
residence at Xo. 739 Garland avenue. Her 
only child, Lilly, is the wife of Dr. Granville 
McGowan, a prominent physician of Los An- 
geles, who in 1906 accompanied her on a seven 
months' tour to Europe, visiting Spain, Italy, 
Switzerland, France, Germany, Belgium, Hol- 
land and England. She is a most liberal and 
charitable woman, ever ready to aid in building 
up and beautifying the city of her adoption. 
She is an active member of the Episcopal 

Vincent A. Hoover was one of the true pio- 
neers of Los Angeles, always having faith in 
the future of the city. With Colonel Baker, 
William Ferguson and Mr. Haley he purchased 
thirty-two acres on Twenty-third and Hoover 
streets and laid out what is now Union Square. 
Like his father he was an exemplary and noble 
man of fine feelings, ever ready to help those 
win 1 were less fortunate. He was honored 
and respected by his friends for his honesty, 
integrity and great moral worth, and is often 
spoken of as one of the most enterprising citi- 
zens of his time. He was temperate in all his 
habits, was a true Christian, and was a mem- 
ber of the Episcopal Church. While not an 
aspirant for office he was a stanch Republican 
and active in the councils of the party. 

GEORGE ZOBELEIX. It was in 1867 that 
Mr. Zobelein first came to California and the 
following year that he located in Los Angeles, 
and it may Ik- truly said of him that he has never 
regretted his choice of a home. He has been 
very successful in his enterprises and is now the 
owner of extensive and valuable real estate, 
which has increased in value many times since 
he first acquired it. 

Mr. Zobelein inherits his sterling traits of 
character from German ancestors, his own birth 
having occurred in Bavaria, Germany, August 
12, 1845. His father, Conrad Zobelein, was a 

brewer in the Fatherland, where his death oc- 
curred when his son George was a child of five 
years. The latter acquired his first knowledge 
of business affairs in his uncle's mercantile estab- 
lishment and when sixteen years of age he en- 
tered upon an apprenticeship to learn the busi- 
ness systematically. In 1867, at the age of 
twenty-two, he came to the United States, land- 
ing in New York City, then by way of the Isth- 
mus of Panama he came to California. For one 
year he was engaged in the mercantile business 
in San Francisco and then, in 1868, came to Los 
Angeles, where with the passing years he has be- 
come one of the city's enterprising and progres- 
sive citizens. He followed mercantile enter- 
prises here for a time, and then went to Inyo 
county and followed a similar enterprise. Re- 
turning to Los Angeles in 1876 he filled a posi- 
tion as bookkeeper in the New York brewery for 
five years and at the expiration of that time he 
purchased an interest in the Philadelphia brew- 
ery, which was then known as the D. Mahlsted 
& Co. brewery. In 1882 Joseph Maier bought 
out the interest of Mr. Mahlsted and the firm 
then became known as Maier & Zobelein, under 
which name it was incorporated in 1893. Air. 
Maier served as president of the company until 
1904, when Mr. Zobelein was elected to the of- 
fice, a position which he held until June, 1907, 
at which time he sold his interest in the company. 
This step was immediately followed by the pur- 
chase of the controlling interest in the Los An- 
geles Brewing Company, of which he is now 
president and manager. This is one of the larg- 
est and best appointed breweries on the Pacific 
coast and dates its origin from the year 1897. 
From an unpretentious beginning, covering a 
comparatively small space, the plant has grown 
steadily from vear to year and now covers eleven 
acres of land, with an abundance of the best 
brewery water. The exceptional facilities for 
procuring good water has been a large factor in 
the production of a superior article, and hence 
is accountable for the steady increase of the 
brewery's output. 

Mr. Zobelein's time and attention have not 
been wholly absorbed in the business just men- 
tioned, but on the other hand he has been inter- 
ested to a considerable extent in the improve- 
ment of his real estate in Los Angeles, which 





has become very valuable. His ninety-acre tract, 
known as the Zobelein tract, on South Jefferson 
between Figueroa and Main streets, is one of the 
sightly additions to the city and has proven a 
source of large profit to all concerned. 

Early in life Mr. Zobelein formed domestic 
ties, marrying Brigida Alvarez, who was born in 
Sonora, Mexico, and they are the parents of the 
following children: John G., Edward, George, 
Philip and Rose, the latter still at home with her 
parents. In the midst of his busy cares Mr. 
Zobelein has taken time to interest himself in 
social and political affairs, and is associated with 
the Turn-verein of the city; he votes the Demo- 
cratic ticket ; and as a member of the Chamber of 
Commerce seeks the advancement of his adopted 
city. A straightforward, liberal and progres- 
sive citizen, he possesses traits which have won 
for him a place in the municipal life of Los An- 

STEPHEN W. DORSEY. The interests 
of a general public have always lain parallel 
with those of a personal nature in the career 
of Hon. Stephen W. Dorsey, one of the most 
substantial and enterprising citizens of Los 
Angeles, where he is held in the highest es- 
teem for the characteristics which have dis- 
tinguished his citizenship. The descendant 
of French antecedents, he was born February 
28, 1844, in Vermont and inherited the sterling 
qualities of the natives of that section. His 
boyhood years were passed upon the paternal 
farm, his home duties alternating with an at- 
tendance of the public schools, in which he re- 
ceived a substantial education. To this train- 
ing he later added by taking a course in the 
college at Oberlin, Ohio, in which state he 
answered the call of his country by enlisting 
as a private in the First Ohio Light Artillery, 
accompanying his regiment to the front and 
serving with distinction throughout the entire 
war. He took part in over twenty of the 
bloodiest battles, being wounded four times. 
Step by step he advanced until he had held 
every rank in his regiment, and as a colonel 
at twenty-two he returned to civil life. Dur- 
ing his army service Mr., Dorsey formed the 
acquaintance of Hon. Thomas A. Scott, one of 

the assistant secretaries of war, whose duties 
were the control of the transportation of troops 
and supplies, and through his association in 
this work Air. Dorsey became interested in the 
possibilities of a railroad career. Through Mr. 
Scott, then president of the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road, he became actively identified with rail- 
road work in the southwest, assisting in tin- 
reorganization and construction of the lines 
which had been demoralized during the font- 
years of devastating war. Following this he 
took an active part in the incorporation and 
construction, as chief engineer, of the Texas 
and Pacific, Little Rock and Fort Smith, and 
Arkansas Central Railroads, locating his home 
in the state in order to more fully devote his 
time and attention to the work in hand. He 
was one of the most successful men of the 
day in this line of work and is widely known 
among the enterprising railroad men of the 

Mr. Dorsey's interest in Republican politics 
had in the mean time made him a well-known 
figure in the gatherings of the party and as 
early as 1868 he was made a member of the 
Republican National Convention. The same 
honor came to him in the years 1872, 1876, 
1880 and 1884, thus proving his ability to take 
a hand in the important affairs which come 
before that body. He was also a member of 
the Republican National Committee during all 
those years. In 1872 he was made assistant 
secretary of the Republican National Commit- 
tee, in 1876 was made vice-chairman and in 
1880 was made chairman of that body, conduct- 
ing the famous Garfield campaign. In the 
mean time, in 1875, he was elected to the 
United States senate from Arkansas as a Re- 
publican, receiving all the votes of the legis- 
lature, including forty-two votes from Demo- 
cratic members. While in the senate he was 
chairman of the District of Columbia Com- 
mittee, a member of Appropriation and Rail- 
road Committee and served his constituency 
well and faithfully, winning a lasting com- 
mendation from those who had been influen- 
tial in placing him in this important position. 
The senate knew Dorsey was there. 

In the mean time Mr. Dorse}' had become 
interested in mining, in 1873 acquiring an in- 



terest with the late Senator Chaffee of Colo- 
rado in the mines at Central City. Five years 
later they were again associated in the mines 
at Leadville. Colo., where they met with more 
than ordinary success. Mr. Dorsey was also 
interested in the Silver Cliff and Aspen mines, 
the latter the great Colorado silver camp, 
and in 1 89 1 . at the time of the Cripple Creek 
discoveries, he acquired property in which he 
still retains a controlling interest. Becoming in- 
terested in the mines of the southwest he came 
to California and began an investment which 
has resulted in large financial returns. He was 
first interested in the California King, a prop- 
erty which has developed with the passing 
years into one of the best producing in the 
state. He has since disposed of his interests 
for a handsome sum and has been acquiring 
large holdings in various portions of South- 
ern California, Arizona and Sonora, Mexico, 
and is expending generous sums in their de- 
velopment. His interests in Arizona include 
among other valuable property a connection 
with the Gold Roads Extension Company, 
which owns claims on the vein adjoining those 
now being so successfully operated by the 
Gold Roads Mines and Exploration Company 
of this city and the copper mines at Clifton. 
Mr. Dorsey's identification with the mining 
interests of this country have materially ad- 
vanced the welfare of this section, contribut- 
ing immeasurably to its growth and develop- 
ment. He holds a position of unexcelled rank 
among mining men of the southwest, who hon- 
or him for the business ability, sagacity and 
judgment displayed throughout his long asso- 
ciation in this line of work. 

Mr. Dorsey 's home is located on Figueroa 
street, one of the most beautiful residence 
highways of the city of Los Angeles, and is 
111 every way a credit to the taste of its owner, 
being located in the midst of well-cultivated 
grounds which speak eloquently of the tropi- 
cal climate of the section and reflect both in 
exterior and interior the refinement and cul- 
ture of tin family. Mr. Dorse}' is an earnest 
citizen am 1 , contributes to the advancement of 
the city's government to the best of his abil- 
ity, lie lias always been a man of power and 
ability, his personality winning him many 

friends, while his business ability has built up 
for him a place of importance among the 
financially successful men of Southern Califor- 

SAMUEL McKINLAY, remembered through- 
out Los Angeles county as one of the early pio- 
neers of the section, was a native of Ireland, his 
birth having occurred in County Antrim May 
12, 1836. His boyhood years were spent in his 
native country, and there he received his edu- 
cation. At the age of nineteen years he immi- 
grated to the western world, locating in Canada 
West, where he studied civil engineering and 
surveying under the instruction of an uncle who 
had previously settled there. It was in 1863 thai 
he first came to California, making the journey 
by way of the Isthmus of Panama. He spent 
one week in San Francisco, thence went to Gold 
Hill. Nev., and engaged in mining and prospect- 
ing in the vicinity of Belmont and White Pine. 
Seven years of the miner's life was sufficient for 
Mr. McKinlay and in 1870 he gave it up, going 
first to Sacramento, where on the 14th of March 
he was united in marriage with Elizabeth Logan 
Orr, then together they came to Southern Cali- 
fornia. Mr. McKinlay had heard much about 
the possibilities of this section, its equable cli- 
mate, etc.. and he decided to make this his per- 
manent home. Accordingly he purchased a tract 
of eighty acres, then remote from the city's 
limits, but now a part of the municipality. The 
house erected after his purchase is still standing, 
having been moved ten feet from its original lo- 
cation because of the putting through of a street. 
The land was entirely uncultivated and unim- 
proved and to this effort he gave all his time 
and attention throughout the remainder of his 
life. He engaged in raising nursery stock and 
also carried on general ranching and brought 
his property to rank with the best improved and 
most highly cultivated in the community. 

The death of Mr. McKinlay occurred October 
29. 1898. He was survived by his wife, who 
now resides on the home place. She was also 
horn in Ireland, in County Londonderry. She 
came to Philadelphia, Pa., with her older sister 
July 31. 1847, lived with friends there until 
[866, when she journeyed to California and made 




her home with a brother-in-law in Sacramento 
until her marriage. Mr. and Mrs. McKinlay 
became the parents of one child, Samuel, Jr., 
whose death, June 24, 1894, preyed upon the 
father's mind until his own passing away four 
years later. He was a young man of much 
promise, a graduate of the Los Angeles high 
school in 1889, and at the time of his death a 
practicing attorney in this city. Mr. McKinlay 
was a stanch Republican in his political convic- 
tions and although never desirous of official rec- 
ognition personally yet gave his efforts toward 
advancing the interests of the principles he es- 
poused. He was a member of the Presbyterian 
Church and helped build the first church of that 
denomination here. He was a man of much 
worth and held in the highest esteem by all who 
knew him, either sociallv or in a business way. 

JOSEPH E. MARSH. Many generations 
of the Marsh family had lived and died in Eng- 
land prior to the removal of the immigrating 
ancestor to the shores of the New World. 
Locating in New Hampshire, he became an 
integral factor in all of the stirring events of 
colonial times, and was known as one of the 
upbuilders of that commonwealth. Subse- 
quent generations followed in his footsteps, 
and in that state the grandfather of Joseph E. 
Marsh, John Marsh by name, became a man 
of influence and prominence, commercial, so- 
cial and political matters alike receiving an 
impetus as a result of his superior knowledge 
and judgment. Politically he was an old-line 
Whig. His son, Joseph, was also a native 
of New Hampshire, born in 1799, and spend- 
ing his entire life in that state. The mental 
qualities for which his progenitors were well 
known were bequeathed to him in a generous 
degree, and not unlike them also he was very 
prosperous as a tiller of the soil. He married 
Rhoda R. Gage, who was also a native of 
New Hampshire and a daughter of Daniel 
Gage, an early resident of the state, and a 
general merchant in the town of Pelham, 
N. H. 

Joseph E. Marsh was born in Pelham. N. 
H., September 2, 1836, on his father's farm 
in that localitv, and it is needless to say that 

he became familiar with the duties connected 
therewith at a very early age. A great shadow 
darkened an otherwise happy childhood when 
he was a child of twelve years, the death of his 
mother, January 10, 1848, leaving a blank 
which could never be filled, and though this 
occurred nearly sixty years ago, so indelibly 
was it stamped on his young mind that the 
passing of years has not eradicated it. His at- 
tendance at the district school was followed 
by a course in Phillips Academy, in Andover, 
Mass., there preparing for the higher training 
in Dartmouth College, which he entered in 
1856, graduating therefrom in 1858. Return- 
ing then to his New Hampshire home he spent 
two years on the farm, in the meantime mak- 
ing plans and preparations to engage in a dif- 
ferent line of endeavor. Leaving the locality 
which had been the home of so many genera- 
tions of the family, he went to the Mississippi 
valley and in Charleston, Coles county. 111., 
he worked in a flour mill. Disposing of his 
interests in Coles county in 1876, he removed 
to Little Rock. Ark., where he and a partner 
purchased a flour mill which they remodeled 
and carried on with excellent results for ten 
years. This mill was equipped for the old 
burr process of milling, but before long they 
had the entire plant overhauled and remod- 
eled, installing new machinery and a complete 
roller process. As they had anticipated be- 
fore making these improvements, the business 
was soon doubled and trebled, and they be- 
came recognized as the leading millers in the 

In 1886, while making his home in Little 
Rock, Mr. Marsh came to California on a visit. 
and the result was that he became less satis- 
fied with his surroundings and prospects in 
the south. Prompted by his better judgment, 
he sought to dispose of his holdings in Little 
Rock and locate in this state, a plan he was 
enabled to carry out in 1887. Coming direct 
to Los Angeles he purchased an orange grove 
of twenty-eight acres not far from this city, 
and until 1902 was very successful as a horti- 
culturist. In the year last mentioned, how- 
ever, he sold his ranch and began dealing in 
real estate in Los Angeles, being associated 
in the business with his son. Robert. The 



combined efforts of father and son have re- 
sulted in the establishment of an immense 
business, and it is safe to say that even though 
Los Angeles gives a home to more real estate 
dealers than to any one other class of trades- 
men, the office of Robert Marsh & Co., in the 
Hellman building, shows the largest amount 
of business done in one office in the city. 

In 1862 in Pelham, N. H., Mr. Marsh was 
united in marriage with Martha J. Atwood, 
who, like himself, was born in Pelham, N. H. 
Of the five children born to them, only two 
are now living: Robert, who is associated 
with his father in the real estate business 
under the name of Robert Marsh & Co. ; and 
Florence A., the wife of Col. A. Andrews, who 
is a prominent coal merchant in New Orleans, 
La. The political issues of the day form a 
matter of considerable interest to Mr. Marsh, 
who is an uncompromising Republican, al- 
though his interest in the party has never led 
him to desire public office. Fraternally he is 
identified with the Masons. He is a member 
of Emanuel Presbyterian Church, to whose 
maintenance he contributes generously. Per- 
haps the most distinguishing characteristic in 
the make-up of Mr. Marsh is a quiet dignity 
which one recognizes at a glance as the mark 
of a true gentleman. In his intercourse with 
his fellows he is considerate, courteous and 
kind, and in his home he is everything that a 
husband and father should be. The family 
home is a neat substantial residence at No. 
672 South Bonnie Brae street. 

MELVILLE DOZIER. When the massacre 
of St. Bartholomew's day forced many Hugue- 
nots to flee from France and seek refuge in other 
lands the Dozier family found a haven of safety 
in America, the opening of the new world to 
colonization giving them an opportunity to trans- 
plant their race into a country where toleration 
of religion might be anticipated. The early emi- 
grants settled first in Virginia, and later genera- 
tions established the name in South Carolina, 
where it flourished for many years. The first 
member of the family of whom we have any 
definite knowledge is the great-grandfather, John 
Dozier, who was born in South Carolina. He 

grew to manhood and became well known in that 
commonwealth as a planter of considerable 
wealth. As a defender of the young colony he 
fought gallantly in the Revolutionary war. He 
spent his entire life in the south, and among the 
children born into his family was another John, 
who was also born in South Carolina. Emulat- 
ing the example of his father, he, too, became a 
large cotton planter in that state, where his en- 
tire life was spent and where he reared his chil- 
dren, among whom was Anthony White Dozier. 
He too was a native of Black Mingo, S. C, in 
which state he also became a large cotton planter, 
having a plantation of six thousand acres and 
two hundred and fifty slaves. From the earliest 
days members of the family had been prominent 
in the civil life of the community, being repre- 
sented in the legislature of the state, and other 
members becoming lawyers and physicians of 
note. Anthony White Dozier was not an ex- 
ception to the precedent established by his father 
and grandfather and he too represented his com- 
munity in the state legislature and was a mem- 
ber of the Secession convention. In 1869, four 
years after the close of the Civil war (in which 
conflict six of his sons participated) he came to 
California and located at Rio Vista, Solano 
county, where he spent the remainder of his life. 
His marriage united him with Mary Catherine 
Cuttino, a native of Georgetown, S. C, and the 
daughter of Peter Cuttino, a prominent merchant 
of that city. Peter Cuttino's marriage with 
Martha Gaillard united him with a family equal- 
ly prominent with his own in France, from which 
country members of both families fled on ac- 
count of the persecution which the Huguenots 
were forced to suffer. Mrs. Mary Dozier passed 
away in California in 1873, about four years 
after the removal of the family to the west, 
having become the mother of thirteen children, 
ten of whom were sons, and, as has been pre- 
viously stated, six of them took part in the Civil 

The seventh son in this large family was Mel- 
ville Dozier, born in Georgetown, S. C, May 
22, 1846, and reared on his father's large plan- 
tation. Following his preparatory school train- 
ing he entered the State Military Academy at 
Charleston, S. C, and it was while a student 
there, in the spring of 1864, that the whole school 



entered the Confederate service as a part of 
General Jenkins' brigade, Air. Dozier being a 
non-commissioned officer. With the rest of the 
battalion of cadets Mr. Dozier served until the 
close of the war and then resumed his studies, 
entering Fr.rman University at Greenville, S. C, 
from which he graduated in 1867 with the de- 
gree of Ph. B. The following year he came to 
California by way of Panama and went direct 
to Solano county, where as a teacher in the 
grammar schools he began a training which has 
since developed steadily, until today he is known 
as one of the most prominent educators in 
Southern California. In 1874 he became prin- 
cipal of the Santa Rosa high school, a position 
which he filled with great credit to himself for 
ten years, resigning at that time to accept a 
position in the Los Angeles State Normal, which 
had been organized just two years previously. 
He first filled the position of professor of sci- 
ences and mathematics, but later when the school 
had increased considerably in size, he assumed 
the chair of mathematics and filled this position 
until July I, 1906, when he resigned, after twen- 
ty-two years of faithful service in the Normal 
school ; or thirty-eight years of educational work 
in California. He served as vice-principal of 
the Normal, being elected to that position after 
the resignation of Prof. C. J. Flatt. Through- 
out his life Professor Dozier has been a con- 
tributor to scientific journals, and both as a 
teacher and writer has contributed largely to- 
ward elevating the educational standard of 
Southern California. Probably no member of 
the Southern California Academy of Sciences 
has taken a more interested part in its advance- 
ment than has Professor Dozier, who became one 
of its earliest members and for several years was 
president of the organization. At this writing 
( 1907) he is secretary of the academy. In 
March of this year he was appointed by the 
board of public works as auditor of the Los 
Angeles Aqueduct, and having assumed the 
duties of the position is now engaged in prose- 
cuting the work in hand. 

1 >n the first of June, 1874, Professor Dozier 
was united in marriage with Miss Elizabeth 
Edwards, their union being celebrated in Green- 
ville, S. C. She was born in Alabama, of Welsh 
descent, the daughter of Prof. P. C. Edward-. 

instructor of Greek and Latin in Furman Uni- 
versity. Professor and Mrs. Dozier have one 
child living, Melville, Jr., who is a graduate of 
the University of California, from which he re- 
ceived the degree of B. S. During the building 
of the Long Reach electric line, the Whittier 
line and the Glendale line he was constructing 
engineer in charge of the work, and is now chief 
engineer in charge of the Vallejo & Northern 
electric railroad, which is being constructed in 
the Sacramento Valley. With his wife Professor 
Dozier is a member of the Baptist Church, in 
which he has been a deacon for over thirty- 
three years. Socially he belongs to the Univer- 
sity Club and the City Club and is also a mem- 
ber of the Los Angeles board of education. As 
an educator probably no one has done more to 
advance the standard of education in Southern 
California than Professor Dozier. Personalis he 
is a man of noble impulses and all in all may be 
counted an acquisition in whatever community 
he mav choose to enter. 

of Los Angeles has had in Henry Clayton Witmer 
one of its strongest upbuilders, both in a financial 
and social line, for parallel with his numerous 
successful business enterprises has always been 
his best efforts toward a helpful and loyal citizen- 
ship. Mr. Witmer is a native of the middle west, 
his birth having occurred in Rock Grove in the 
northern part of Illinois, August 25, 1856. His 
parents were natives of the state of Pennsylvania 
and his father a descendant of Swiss ancestry. 
When their son was two years old they removed 
to Juda, Green county. Wis., in which small 
town he was reared to manhood, receiving his 
education in the public school and later taking a 
five months course in a commercial college in 
Milwaukee. In beginning his business career Mr. 
Witmer had several natural advantages, among 
them inherited traits of character and the system- 
atic training received throughout the years of his 
minority. The death of his father in 1876 placed 
a burden of management upon this youth, not 
only the care of several farms devolving upon 
him, but the responsibilities of keeping the books 
and money and paying the bills of the largest 
grain and stock dealer in the county. He dis- 



charged the duties with efficiency and at the time 
of attaining his majority was recognized as a 
business man of enterprise and ability. He be- 
came notary public for the village, was elected a 
member of the school board, and at the same 
time published a paper called the "Latest News," 
himself acting as editor, type-setter and printer, 
and gathering some of his news by means of a 
wire connected with his office. Later, with his 
brother, Joseph Witmer, he organized a private 
bank at Juda, under the name of Witmer Broth- 
ers. In 1882 they with others established the 
Citizens Bank at Monroe, Wis., and Henry C. 
Witmer became vice-president of this institution. 

Deciding to locate on the Pacific coast Mr. 
Witmer came to California in 1884 and locating 
at once in Los Angeles became interested in the 
development of the city. With others he took 
up the project of constructing a cable railroad up 
Second street over Bunker Hill, which enterprise 
opened up the western hills to settlement. In 
connection with Walter S. Newhall and the late 
Edward A. Hall, Mr. Witmer helped organize 
the Los Angeles Improvement Company, which 
exi>ts to-day as one of the upbuilding factors in 
the city, throughout the years of its continuance 
in business having given an impetus to numerous 
enterprises potent in the prosperity of the city. 
Among such was the organization of the Califor- 
nia Bank in 1887, in which Mr. Witmer served as 
president for a number of years. January 1, 1903, 
this institution was converted into the Amer- 
ican National Bank, the vice-presidency of which 
.Mr. Witmer resigned in July, 1904. In the man- 
agement of this enterprise he was always a mov- 
ing spirit, his interest and enthusiasm continuing 
unabated in times of stringency as well as finan- 
cial prosperity, his first thought and effort 
being for the advancement of those enterprises 
which represented so large a part of his life. In 
his bank relation to-day he occupies a place on the 
directorate of the First National Bank and the 
Metropolitan Bank & Trust Company. 

Mr. Witmer was among the first members en- 
rolled in the Chamber of Commerce and remains 
to the present time connected with this organiza- 
tion. During the first three years of its existence 
he was one of the directors and at times when 
the funds ran low, paid its bills out of his own 
pocket. To Mr. Witmer is largely due the credit 

for the widening of Broadway, from Second to 
Ninth, the street in the early days being known 
at Fort street ; this project met with opposition 
ami it was only after a long and hard struggle 
that it was accomplished. It was a step absolutely 
necessary at that time in the development of the 
city, for business had even then outgrown the 
limitations of Main and Spring streets, where up 
to this time it had been confined. Mr. Witmer 
was the chairman of the committee and worked 
persistently toward the end he had desired. This 
was done by individual effort, as at that time 
there was no law for doing the same. He was 
also associated with the project of cutting a 
tunnel through to Hope under Bunker Hill, 
west on Third from Hill street. This great public 
work has opened up the western hills to the 
business center of the city and has greatly en- 
hanced the value of property on Hill street near 
Third. He has continued to take an interest 
in all public enterprises, having been appointed 
a member of the committee (of which he was 
chairman) to investigate matters relating to the 
Owens river project and to submit a report, 
which was favorably passed upon later. 

In the midst of his engrossing business re- 
sponsibilities Mr. Witmer has still found time to 
devote some attention to outdoor pursuits, which 
appeal irresistibly to a man of his temperament. 
In the vicinity of Lordsburg, at La Yerne, is 
located a beautiful orange and lemon grove, the 
result of his persistent efforts to produce a 
superior article and the prices he has received 
have more than justified his plan of efforts. He 
has ably developed the property and made of it 
one of the beautiful spots of Southern California. 
He has a beautiful home in Los Angeles, presided 
over by his wife, formerly Miss Alice Petterson, a 
native of San Francisco, Cal., their union having 
taken place in 1898. At the time this residence 
was built there were only a few residences on the 
hills a mile west of the City Hall. Mr. and Mrs. 
Witmer have one son, Joseph P. Witmer. 

In his personal characteristics Mr. Witmer is 
a man of strength and power. Inheriting from 
sturdy Swiss ancestry the qualities noticeable in 
the government of that people, he has added to 
these self-restraint and discipline learned through 
contact with the business world and a broad 
knowledge of human nature. His life-work is 




based upon underlying principles of greatness — 
absolute fairness to himself and to all men, an un- 
swerving integrity in all dealings. He is distinctly 
public-spirited and takes a lively interest in all 
matters pertaining to the advancement of the 
general welfare. Independent in politics and 
strong in his convictions against the liquor traffic, 
he seeks to advance the principles he endorses. 
While a resident of Green county he served as 
a member of the County Republican Central Com- 
mittee during the Garfield-Arthur campaign, and 
during the course of the summer placed a flag 
bearing the names of these candidates on the top 
of a peak over Devil's lake so high that no one 
had the temerity to try to pull it down. It has 
been thus with all his undertakings in life since 
arriving at manhood's estate — a desire to excel, 
to hold high rank among those with whom he 
worked, and his ability to lead has been ably 
demonstrated during his long residence in Los 
Angeles. Physically he is slight of build, but the 
active outdoor life which he has led as much 
as possible outside of his business pursuits has 
given him strength and endurance. Bicycling, 
mountain climbing, and long tramps over the 
country have formed the greater part of his 
recreation in the vacations he has allowed him- 
self, and it was during one of these tramps over 
the Sierras, at Lake Tahoe, that he first met 
the lady who afterward became his wife. It is 
enough to say that he has been a successful man, 
acquiring liberal means, financially, constantly 
enlarging his circle of friends by a winning per- 
sonality and his adherence to friendship, and 
building up for himself a place of prominence in 
the citizenship of Los Angeles. 

ROBERT MARSH. When a man's fathers 
for generations back have taken a prominent 
part in the history of affairs the sons come 
naturally into the inheritance of a gift for 
leadership in whatever line of activity their 
tastes may lead them to engage. When we 
say that Robert Marsh stands for all that is 
progressive and upbuilding, a glance into his 
ancestry will reveal that these are inborn 
characteristics. His great-grandfather, John 
Marsh, was an influential and prominent citi- 
zen of New Hampshire, and in that state his 

grandfather, Joseph Marsh, was born, resid- 
ing there throughout his life. The father, Jo- 
seph E. Marsh, was born at Pelham, N. H., 
in 1836, on a farm and received a college edu- 
cation at Dartmouth ; but becoming restive 
after his return to the farm from college, he 
decided to go west, making his first move to 
Charleston, 111. Several years later he went 
to Little Rock, Ark., and engaged in flour 
milling, at which employment he was en- 
gaged while in Charleston. In 1886 a visit to 
California determined him to make this state 
his home, and upon his return to Little Rock 
he immediately disposed of his property there 
and came to Los Angeles, where he has since 
resided. In 1862 he was married to Martha 
J. Atwood of Pelham, N. H. Of the five chil- 
dren born to them but two survive, Florence 
A., the wife of Col. A. Andrews of New Or- 
leans, La., and Robert Marsh, the subject of 
the sketch. 

Robert Marsh was born in Charleston, Coles 
county. 111., was taken witli the rest of the 
family by his father to Little Rock, Ark., and 
in 1887 came to California, which state has 
ever since been his home, with the exception 
of two years spent in New Orleans, La., where 
he was engaged in the wholesale coal business. 
His education was in the public and high 
schools and when but sixteen years of age he 
started out on his business career. The first 
three or four years he clerked in a book and 
stationery store, but working for others at a 
salary b\ r no means satisfied the young man's 
ambitions, and his desire to become independ- 
ently established led him into a partnership 
with Mr. Bumiller, the firm of Bumiller & 
Marsh soon attaining a leading place among 
the hatters and furnishers retail establish- 
ments in Los Angeles. It was after dispos- 
ing of this business that Mr. Marsh went to 
New Orleans and conducted a wholesale coal 
business. Two years at this convinced him 
that neither the location nor business was 
giving scope to his best talents, and returning 
to Los Angeles he began the real estate busi- 
ness in which he has been so very successful. 
It was no sudden trick of fortune that en- 
abled Mr. Marsh to reach the present high 
place in the business which has the sharpest 



competition of any in the city, for the list of 
enterprising real estate firms in Los Angeles 
is a long one. Starting out in a small way, 
by cautious moves, a close study of situations, 
and fair and honest treatment of customers, 
Mr. Marsh has made a minimum of unprofit- 
able deals, has been enabled to see the best 
points for initial exploitation, and inspired 
the public with confidence in those ventures 
which his firm supports, through a clean rec- 
ord during the years in which his business has 
been growing to its present proportions. To- 
day he is undoubtedly one of the largest real 
estate dealers and among the leading men of 
the city. Among the city tracts he has suc- 
cessfully handled are the Country Club Park, 
Country Club Terrace, Westchester Place, 
Western Heights, Arlington Heights, Arling- 
ton Heights Terrace, Mt. Washington, and 
Central Industrial Tract, which latter was one 
of the first industrial tracts put on the market 
here. It was Mr. Marsh who first saw the 
possibilities for the improvement of the lands 
bordering on the Pacific at the mouth of the 
San Gabriel river, and he was the original 
promoter in the organizing of the syndicates 
that improved Alamitos Bay, West Naples, 
East Naples, as well as being the chief mover 
in the San Gabriel Improvement Company. 
He also took initiative steps in the handling 
of Venice, Venice Canal Subdivision, and the 
Short Line Beach. All of these sections have 
had phenomenal sales, and in their exploita- 
tion and sale are embraced a large part of the 
remarkable property of the city of Los An- 
geles, to which they are tributary. 

Mr. Marsh does not confine his real estate 
operations to these outlying districts, how- 
ever, but has played quite as prominent and 
important a part in the handling of inside 
business property, being a large owner of city 
holdings. Banking and commercial enter- 
prises receive a share of his attention, and in 
both it is considered a distinct element of 
strength to have his name connected with the 
various undertakings. Being so closely iden- 
tified with a business which gains so much 
advantage from the general advertising of the 
southern part of California, his membership 
in the Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce is 

a natural sequence. A popular club man, he 
holds membership in the California Club, 
Athletic Club, and the Los Angeles Country 
Club. Lodges, too, have his interest, and a 
list of those to which he has sworn allegiance 
includes the Southern California, F. & A. M., 
Signet Chapter, R. A. M., Los Angeles Com- 
mandery, K. T., Los Angeles Consistory, and 
Al Malaikah Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S. In 
religious affiliation he is a Presbyterian, being 
a member of Emanuel Church, to the support 
of which he is a generous contributor, as well 
as to the various benevolences and charitable 
interests which are brought to his attention. 

In the home life of Mr. Marsh there is noth- 
ing lacking. He was married in 1898 at Al- 
hambra to Miss Ceceil Lothrop, a native of 
Galveston, Tex., and a graduate of Mills Col- 
lege, Oakland. They have one child, a daugh- 
ter, Florence Louise, and their home residence 
is one of the most comfortable and hospitable 
in Westchester Place. Their beach home is at 
Alamitos Bay. Upright in business, affable 
socially, Mr. Marsh makes many friends and 
keeps them. Politically he is a stanch Repub- 

the esteemed and honored pioneers of Los An- 
geles mention belongs to Stephen Arnold Ren- 
dall. one of the upbuilders of the city and a 
prominent factor in its development. He was 
a native of England, his birth having occurred in 
Somersetshire March 6, 1837, an d was a kd of 
nine years when he accompanied his parents to 
the United States. His home was in Joliet, 111., 
until he attained manhood, and there he received 
his education. Partaking largely of the spirit 
which had induced his father's emigration to a 
western country, in 1861 Mr. Rendall came to 
the Pacific coast and here became a part of the 
civilizing element. He remained in Los Angeles, 
the city which had been his objective point, for 
a time, and then went to San Francisco and 
there followed mining for some years. In May, 
1866, however, he returned to Los Angeles and 
engaged in business, the city at that time giving 
but little promise of becoming the metropolis of 
the southern coast, but Mr. Rendall with a rare 






faith, when considered in the light of the time 
and conditions, began at once to invest in real 
estate, which in later years became very valuable 
indeed. In 1870 he again went north and estab- 
lished his home in Santa Rosa, putting up a resi- 
dence on the corner of B and Fourth streets, 
and improved it with flowers and shade trees. 
The place was conspicuous in the early days by 
a magnificent climbing rose, which covered the 
entire side of the house. Eventually the com- 
mercial interests of the city brought Mr. Ren- 
dall's home within the business district and a 
brick business block now occupies the site. At 
the time of his location in the north Mr. Rendall 
undertook the management of a large ranch near 
Santa Rosa. In 1867 he introduced into the 
state the first Angora goat industry, importing 
from Asia a billy goat which cost him $250x3 
and two ewes. Within a few years he had a 
magnificent herd numbering between three and 
four thousand head and for that time he was the 
largest breeder in California. 

In 1884 Mr. Rendall returned to Los Angeles 
with the intention of making this city his per- 
manent home. He at once devoted his entire 
time and attention to the real estate business and 
became the owner of valuable property, at one 
time being the owner of forty-five acres extend- 
ing from Second street and fronting on Main 
street, and also owned one hundred and forty- 
five acres in the Westlake district. A part of 
this he subdivided and sold, and this is now the 
most desirable high-grade residence section in 
Los Angeles. He built a comfortable home at 
Ninth and Alvarado streets, and there passed the 
evening of his days. His death occurred Decem- 
ber 15, 1905, at Phoenix, Ariz., where he had 
gone in the hope of finding relief from asthma, 
from which he had been a sufferer for many 
years. His death removed from Los Angeles a 
citizen who was justly esteemed for his many 
admirable traits of character, his integrity of 
purpose and unswerving honesty in all dealings, 
the kindly hospitality of his nature and its at- 
tendant liberality endearing him to a large circle 
of friends. His name will ever occupy a place 
in the annals of the city as a pioneer of worth 
and works. 

May 24, 1870, Mr. Rendall was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Cecelia Murrav Barnes of Salem. 

111. They became the parents of the following 
children: Mrs. Julia Roberts; Robert Stephen 
Rendall, and Nellie Rendall (who died in in- 
fancy) ; Cecelia ; and Daisy Rendall. The family- 
are identified with the Episcopal Giurch, of 
which Mr. Rendall was also a member. In con- 
nection with the interest of the Rendall family 
in Los Angeles it is not out of place to mention 
the fact that Stephen A. Rendall made the first 
and only large picture of Los Angeles ; this is 
now the only picture in existence which shows 
the city as it looked in 1867. This picture was 
taken in sections, is complete in every detail, and 
is undoubtedly a most valuable aid in preserving 
the earlv history of Los Angeles. 

success which has come to Hon. Herbert S. G. 
McCartney has been entirely the result of his 
own efforts, for with nothing but personal 
attributes he has faced the world and made for 
himself a place among its most honorable citizens. 
He has been three times elected to the state legis- 
lature and as the people's choice for senator has 
worked faithfully and well for his constituents 
and has advanced their interests in every possible 
avenue. The senator is a native of one of the 
most progressive states of the middle west — 
Illinois — and was born near Springfield, Octo- 
ber 26, 1865. His grandfather, Robert McCart- 
ney, a native of Ireland, immigrated to America 
when a boy of sixteen years. He first located in 
Pennsylvania, thence came to Youngstown, Ohio, 
in which state he passed the greater portion of his 
manhood. He rose to a position of respect among 
his fellow citizens, accumulating property as a 
canal and railroad contractor, and taking an active 
interest in the upbuilding and development of that 
section of the country. He was a Presbyterian in 
his religious belief and gave liberally to the char- 
ities of his denomination. His son, Robert J., born 
in Youngstown, Ohio, removed to Illinois in 
voung manhood and followed farming near 
Springfield ; he married Margaret Greenwood, of 
Sangamon county, III, and a daughter of Thomas 
Greenwood, a farmer and early settler of that 
section. They were descendants of the Green- 
wood family which came from England in 1782 
and located in Virginia. Mr. McCartney finally 



removed to Taylor county, Iowa, and located in 
the vicinity of Bedford, then returned to Illinois, 
where his wife passed away ; he then again located 
in Iowa, and from there went to Nodaway coun- 
ty. Mo., in 1886, making this last-named place his 
home until 1906, when he retired from the 
activities of a farmer and came to Los Angeles, 
where he is now living. He is hale and hearty 
and takes a keen interest as he has always done 
in public affairs. He has always been liberal 
and patriotic and at the time of the Civil war 
with a partner he raised a company of men for 
service, but the quota being full they were re- 

The eldest of seven children born to his parents, 
Herbert S. G. McCartney was reared on the 
paternal farm in Illinois and Iowa and received 
a preliminary education through the medium of 
the public schools. He graduated from the 
Marysville high school in 1887, and at once be- 
gan teaching in the public schools of Missouri, 
where he was then a permanent resident. It was 
two years later he decided to come to the Pacific 
coast and accordingly he located in Glenn coun- 
ty, Cal., and there followed grain farming for 
about five years. In 1894 he came to Pasadena 
and in the meantime, having studied and com- 
pleted the prescribed course in law, he was ad- 
mitted to the bar in October of the following 
year and at once began the practice of his pro- 
fession in Los Angeles. He rose steadily to a 
high position among the attorneys of this city. 
and in 1902 was nominated on the Republican 
ticket to the state assembly and elected by a large 
majority. During the session he served as chair- 
man on the committee for the constitutional 
amendment in 1903, and also helped to elect 
George C. Perkins to the United States senate. 
He was otherwise active in legislative affairs, 
securing the passage of several important bills. 
Re-elected in 1904 by an increased vote of con- 
fidence he was instrumental in the passage of 
twenty-six bills, helped elect Senator Flint to the 
United States Senate, and served efficiently as 
chairman of the committee on rules and regula- 
tions. In November, 1906, he was elected State 
Senator, and during this session secured the 
passage of thirty-one bills, among them the State 
pure food law, which hears his name, and laws 
of taxation and revenue, and much needed legis- 

lation in domestic affairs. He also served as 
chairman of the committee on revenue and taxa- 
tion. Since 1905 he has been a member of 
the state commission on revenue and taxation. 
Senator McCartney has an excellent reputa- 
tion as a legislator for the many beneficial laws 
he has secured in the interest of society. He is 
at present deputy district attorney of Los An- 
geles county. 

In Pasadena Mr. McCartney was united in 
marriage with Miss Alice McCaldin, a native of 
Brooklyn, N. Y., and they are the parents of 
three children, Florence, William H. and Albert J. 
In his fraternal relations Mr. McCartney was 
made a Mason in Monrovia, Cal. ; he is also as- 
sociated with the Odd Fellows and is a member 
of Los Angeles Lodge No. 99, B. P. O. E. He 
is an ardent Republican, a member of the Union 
League Club, and in the line of his profession 
belongs to the Los Angeles County Bar Associa- 
tion. For three years he was a member of the 
Eighth California National Guards, of Glenn 
county, and later was transferred to Company I, 
Seventh Regiment, this being from 1892 to 1895. 

BYRON L OLIVER. Though not a native 
of the state, Mr. Oliver has been a resident of 
California from his earliest recollection, and 
hence is a typical Californian in his tastes and 
ideas. At the time of his birth, January 12, 
1872, his parents were residents of Champaign, 
111., but while their son was a mere child, they 
located in Los Angeles, Cal. Upon reaching the 
proper age he became a pupil in the public 
schools of this city, later entered upon a high- 
schools course, and finally, after his graduation 
from the high school, went to Ann Arbor. Mich., 
ami entered the law department of the University 
of Michigan, from which he was graduated in 
)unv, 1894. A predilection for the legal pro- 
fession was recognized at an early age, and in- 
deed his entire training had been with the idea 
of taking up a legal course at the end of his 
preliminary work. 

L'pon his graduation from Ann Arbor in 1894 
Air. Oliver returned to Los Angeles and opened 
an office in the Byrne building preparatory to 
establishing a law practice. From the first his 
efforts met with a gratifying degree of success, 




and step by step his business has grown until his 
clientele now numbers many of the prominent 
and representative citizens of Los Angeles and 
vicinity. He has confined his efforts to civil 
practice exclusively. While he has won renown 
as a legal practitioner he is equally well known 
in Republican politics, and in 1898 was men- 
tioned as a candidate for congress ; he was de- 
feated in the nomination by a small majority in 
favor of Hon. James McLachlin, the present 
member of congress from his district. As a 
speaker his arguments are clear and forceful. 
and as a stump speaker he has taken an active 
part in campaigns throughout the state. 

In fraternal circles Air. Oliver is no less promi- 
nent than in the political arena, holding member- 
ship in Pentalpha Lodge No. 202, F. & A. M., 
Signet Lodge No. 57. R. A. M., and Los An- 
geles Lodge No. 99. B. P. O. E., in which latter 
body he is now serving as past-exalted ruler. 
He is a member of the Jonathan Club, ex-presi- 
dent of the Union League Club, a member of 
the Chamber of Commerce, and of the Los An- 
geles County and State Bar Associations. As 
will be seen from the foregoing, Mr. Oliver is 
interested in a number of matters outside of his 
profession, none of which, however, have ab- 
sorbed his attention to the detriment of his 
clients, but his peculiar and happy make-up, in- 
cluding versatility and concentration in generous 
proportions, make it possible for him to pass 
from one problem to another with perfect ease 
and harmony. When a boy he determined to 
become a lawyer and he has that love for the 
profession without which there can be no success. 

D. Mr. Casson in The Romance of Steel and 
Iron, in Munsey's, says, quoting from a re- 
mark of Carnegie: "Thomas and Gilchrist, 
two young English chemists, were the in- 
ventors of the basic process by means of which 
steel could be made from ores that were high 
in phosphorus. Those two young men did 
more for England's greatness than all her 
kings and queens put together. Moses 

struck the rock and brought forth water, but 
they struck the useless phosphorus ore and 

transformed it into steel— a greater miracle." 
Davies and Bunsen and Bessemer and Edison 
and hosts of other miracle workers at once 
spring to the memory, master minds of the 

To the true schoolmaster may we rarely 
point, perhaps, as belonging to this company, 
but his contribution to the cultivation and 
growth of such minds can be placed second 
to no other influence. In the onrush of the 
centuries he is lost sight of, but his silent, 
plodding, fostering, painstaking efforts in the 
early training of such master minds have made 
the wonderful march in progress of this twen- 
tieth century possible. 

The full sweep and greatness of the work 
of the true schoolmaster possibly may have 
never possessed the minds of the parents of 
Dr. Emery, but they were enterprising and in- 
telligent people, and at least were impressed 
with the usefulness and nobility of the 
teacher's calling, and early determined upon 
this profession for their son. 

One of the earliest and most vivid incidents 
in his early life was the witnessing, at the 
age of six. the climbing up of his father on 
top of the old-fashioned stage coach en route 
with other 49ers to the El Dorado of the 
Pacific. California. Thereafter, and especially 
after his father's return, it was determined 
that he become a teacher in this land of prom- 
ise. Nearly half a century was to pass be- 
fore its fulfillment. Meantime the loss of 
parents necessitated self-support, and he be- 
came a teacher in the public schools of Maine 
at the age of sixteen, and thereafter, until his 
graduation from Bates College at the age of 
twenty-five with the degree of A. B., he fought 
his way singlehanded, depending upon teach- 
ing as his only source of income for his ex- 
penses at the preparatory schools of Corinna 
Union Academy, and Maine State Seminary 
and in Bates College itself. He was an as- 
sistant for a time in Corinna Union Academy 
during his preparatory work, and in Maine 
State Seminary after his graduation. He also 
organized and was principal of The Edward 
Little high school. Auburn. Me., and super- 
intendent of schools of the same citv. and 



later became principal of the Grand Rapids 
high school, Michigan. 

But his greatest work in the east, a work 
in which he has great pride and extending 
through a quarter of a century, was begun as 
usher in the Lawrence grammar school in Bos- 
ton in 1872. After a nine years' sen-ice in 
this school among impressionable, bright boys 
of Irish descent, he was given a year's leave 
of absence for study abroad, which he spent 
mainly in the University of Gottingen, Ger- 
many. On his return he was elected master 
in the Boston Latin school, where for the 
next fifteen years he helped prepare boys for 
Harvard University and other universities and 
colleges of the east. His department in the 
Latin school was mathematics, and in colla- 
boration with William F. Bradbury, head mas- 
ter of the Cambridge Latin school, he edited 
a series of algebras which are still used, not 
only in the Boston schools, but in many other 
important educational centers of the east, as 
also in the Harvard school of Los Angeles. 
The history of this school really began in 
'49. when the father of the founder mounted 
the stage coach, as already related, and finally 
reached California around the Cape to mine 
for gold, and to drink in the wonderful pos- 
sibilities and beauties of the state for the pleas- 
ure and enchantment of his family on his re- 
turn to the east two years later. 

The corner stone was laid in 1000. The 
founder, cherishing and treasuring up this boy- 
hood knowledge, had come at last from the 
oldest and most renowned school in the United 
States, the famous Boston Latin school, 
founded in 1635, to build up here in Los An- 
geles, this magically growing and marvelous 
city of the west, a school, the Harvard school, 
which profiting by the past, might have the 
right to claim not only equality with the old 
school in general, but in many things supe- 

A more suitable completion of this historic 
sketch the writer could hardly hope to pre- 
pare than the following fitting and discriminat- 
ing tribute to the school, and its founder, ap- 
pearing in the Graphic of August 25, of the 
current vear : 

"To thine own self be true. 

And it must follow, as the night the day. 

Thou canst not then be false to any man." 

These are the words carved on the pro- 
scenium arch of the handsome assembly hall 
which is as it were the heart of the Harvard 
school. Dr. Emery sets before himself, his 
faculty and his boys the highest ideals. How 
well those ideals have been reached can only 
be realized by a personal inspection of Har- 
vard school. 

Most of us know some of the Harvard boys 
and we must have been impressed by their 
manliness and by their gentlemanly bearing. 
The tcne of a school is found more surely in 
the boys themselves than in the buildings, 
however fine the latter may be. But un- 
doubtedly, surroundings have an incalculable 
influence upon the upbuilding of youthful 
character, and Dr. Emery's inspiration in 
founding and developing Harvard school has 
been that only the best is good enough— to 
make good workmen good tools are essential. 
Any Angeleno interested in the subject of 
education — and who is not' — will find he will 
be more than repaid by an inspection of Har- 
vard school. Doubtless he will be surprised 
to realize the extent to which this institution 
has grown, quite keeping pace with the phe- 
nomenal growth of Los Angeles during the 
last six years. There can be. indeed, very 
few men who have built better, more wisely, 
and with a higher aim than Dr. Emery. And 
he has done it without flourish of trumpets 
or a sign of vainglory. The modesty of the 
head-master will impress you equally with his 
quiet force. He will tell you, "My aim was 
to found a decent school. I like that word 
'decent' : it means a great deal and is a favorite 
adjective of President Roosevelt." And 
surely, the noble buildings of Harvard school, 
and. more, the mental and moral atmosphere 
of the place, impress the visitor that "what- 
ever things are comely and of good report" 
are faithfully observed in the class rooms, in 
the dormitories and in the campus. 

Harvard school is intended to fit boys for 
college, for the technical schools, for the gov- 
ernment schools and for business careers. The 



general equipment and the special provisions 
for special studies are unsurpassed by any 
school anywhere. The faculty is carefully se- 
lected, consisting of fourteen resident mas- 
ters, drawn from the foremost universities of 
the country. 

The completion of Harvard hall about a 
year ago marked a new era in the history of 
the school. It was built at an expense of 
$60,000 and is a model structure in every re- 
spect. The upper and lower schools are now 
divided, the former occupying Harvard hall 
and the latter has all to itself the old Har- 
vard, now Junior, hall. The Lower school 
also has its own gymnasium, tennis courts and 
baseball field. 

The central feature of Harvard hall is its 
magnificent assembly hall, a lofty and impos- 
ing room, 60x50 feet, with stage and gallery, 
and a seating capacity of four hundred and 
fifty. The assembly hall has a marked dig- 
nity both in architecture and decoration. ( In 
the first floor also is a large study hall, a 
finely equipped library, the headmaster's of- 
fice, the editorial room of the Sentinel, ami 
several recitation rooms ; on the second floor 
the commercial department and typewriting 
rooms are located, the mechanical and free- 
handed drawing rooms, a lecture room that 
would be a credit to any university, flanked 
by the chemistry and physical laboratories. 
In the basement are most commodious locker 
rooms, a splendid gymnasium, shower baths, 
the armory, the bicycle room, lavatories that 
are a model of convenience and sanitation, 
and the heating and ventilating systems. The 
recitation rooms, large and airy as they are, 
are supplied constantly with fresh air by the 
most perfect system ever invented. 

The school owns a magnificent campus of 
ten acres, on which the best advantages are 
furnished for the pursuit of all wholesome ath- 

In six years Harvard school has grown be- 
yond its founder's most sanguine expectations, 
and no man can foretell its future. One thing 
is certain, that the influence of the school 
upon this community is for the very best. It 
is a sure foundation, inspired by high ideals 
and built on a noble plan. 

HON. CURTIS D. WILBUR. The versatile 
ability as displayed by Judge Wilbur, among the 
most prominent of the rising men of Los An- 
geles, has enabled him to practice law with 
gratifying results and further to fill the position 
of judge of the superior court with the same im- 
partiality of judgment and keenness of dis- 
crimination characteristic of him in all the 
affairs of life. Horn in Boonesboro. Iowa. 
May 10, 1807, he is the descendant of a family 
long established in America, later members lo- 
cating in ( )hio, where, in Cumberland, his 
father, Dwight L. Wilbur, was horn. The elder 
man was reared to young manhood in his na- 
tive state, and upon the opening of the Civil war 
lie enlisted 111 the Eighty-seventh Ohio Infan- 
try, serving until the surrender to Stonewall 
Jackson, when he received honorable discharge 
and returned to his home in Ohio. Following, 
he took up the study of law, which he completed 
in the University of Michigan and in 1866 lo- 
cated in Boonesboro, Iowa, and began a practice 
of his profession. He remained in that location 
until 1882, when he removed to Jamestown. X. 
Dak., and combined the real estate and loan busi- 
ness with the law. Five years later he came to 
California and located at Riverside, where he 
engaged in the real estate business, meeting with 
a success which placed him among the promi- 
nent citizens of that section. A Republican in 
politics, he gave his support to the men and 
measures of that party, and in fraternal circles 
was known among the Masons and the Ancient 
Order of L : nited Workmen. His death occurred 
August 10, 1903, removing from the community 
a citizen of worth and works. While in Ohio he 
married Miss Edna M. Lyman, whose ancestors 
came to America in the latter part of the seven- 
teenth century. Her mother was a sister of Rev. 
Franklin W. Fisk. D. D.. president of the Chi- 
ca:_;< 1 Theological Seminary from its organiza- 
tion to 1900. 

Curtis D. Wilbur spent his boyhood years in 
his native town and in Jamestown, in the latter 
city attending the high school for one year, after 
which, on account of his excellent scholarship, 
lie was selected by a committee as appointee to 
the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis. 
Md. Upon the completion of the four years' 
course he was graduated in 1888, at the age of 



twenty-one years, being; third in a class that 
originally numbered ninety-three, thirty-five of 
whom were successful in graduation. During his 
last year he was appointed cadet lieutenant of a 
company. In the meantime his parents had lo- 
cated in Riverside, Cal.. and following his gradu- 
ation he came to the Pacific state, where he has 
since made his home. He resigned from the 
navy and at once began the study of law. getting 
in from eight to ten hours a day in his home for 
about sixteen months, after which, in October, 
1890, he was examined before the supreme court 
of the state of California' and was admitted to 
the bar. In Los Angeles he was for three years 
in the office of Brunson, Wilson & Lamme. In 
January, 1899, he accepted the position of chief 
deputy district attorney of Los Angeles county 
tendered him at that time. This office he filled 
with distinction until he was elected to the 
bench, which occurred in 1903, since which time 
as judge of the superior court he has been one of 
the strongest men in the legal fraternity of this 
city. The responsibilities of a juvenile court fell 
upon Judge Wilbur with his election to the bench, 
this law having been passed in 1903, his first 
work being the inauguration of the system which 
has since meant so much to the youth of Los 
Angeles. His name is inseparably associated 
with the juvenile court, for in his work he has 
brought to bear a patience and tact, an insight 
into human nature, and a helpful friendliness, 
which have won for him the affection of all chil- 
dren and the stronger esteem of the parents and 
those interested in such work. Since 1905 he 
has had charge only of the juvenile court and 
general litigation, having previously combined 
with these efforts probate work. Judge Wilbur 
also caused the grand jury to investigate the 
placing of public moneys in private institutions. 
The result of this action was an amendment to 
the constitution, permitting the depositing in 
public banks of about $50,000,000, the interest 
on which means a revenue of $1,000,000 from 
this source alone. 

Not only is Judge Wilbur honored for his 
splendid ability, hut is as well held in the highest 
esteem for his personal character, which marks 
him as a man apart from the great majority of 
those about him. lie is a member of the First 
Congregational Church of Los Angeles, in which 

he officiates as deacon, and ever since his loca- 
tion in the city has been prominent in the Chris- 
tian Endeavor Society of his church, having 
served for several terms as president. His deep 
interest in boys has always been one of his 
strongest characteristics and it is with them that 
he has met with the greatest success in his career. 
In the Sunday School he has a class of one hun- 
dred and twenty between the ages of fifteen and 
twenty years, and his influence over them is un- 
bounded. For some time he served as com- 
mander of the Boys' Brigade of Southern Cali- 
fornia and during his administration he organ- 
ized thirty companies and in other ways was 
instrumental in adding to the growth and devel- 
opment of this society. At the last California 
State Conference of Charities and Corrections, 
Judge Wilbur was elected state president for 
the year 1907. His capacity for work and inter- 
est in all movements tending toward the moral 
uplift of the community are unlimited, and no 
one ever appeals in vain to him for sympathy or 
material help. 

Judge Wilbur has been twice married, his first 
wife being Ella T. Oiilson, a native of Massa- 
chusetts. After her death he married Miss Olive 
Doolittle, and they are the parents of one daugh- 
ter and three sons : Edna May, Lyman Dwight, 
Paul Curtis, and Ralph Gordon. The judge is 
identified with the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen fraternallv. 

JOSHUA R. GIDDINGS. No more beauti- 
ful, quiet and restful spot could be found than 
the Mountain View Cemetery of Pasadena. The 
original plot, comprising twenty-two and a half 
acres, was selected, purchased, platted and incor- 
porated in 1882 by Levi W. Giddings, and artist- 
ically arranged into lots 20x20 feet each. He 
himself was the first president of the organiza- 
tion, a position which he held for some time or 
until followed by E. H. Royce. Since 1898 
I. R. Giddings has filled the position of president. 
The original acreage of the cemetery has been 
mine than doubled since its organization, now 
comprising fifty acres. 

A native of Ohio, Joshua R. Giddings was horn 
in Ashtabula county October 10. 1858, a son of 
Levi W. and Luna A. (Wilder) Giddings, na- 




tives of Ohio and New York respectively. When 
their son was about two years of age the family 
removed to Marshalltowri, Iowa, where they made 
their home for fourteen years. Coming to Cali- 
fornia in 1874. they located first in Pasadena, 
later made their home in Los Angeles for a 
short time, going from there to San Jose, and 
again in 1878 located in Pasadena. Here they 
both passed away, the father in 1892 and the 
mother in 1905. While in Iowa Joshua R. Gid- 
dings received a fair common school education 
and upon coming to California he attended the 
Los Angeles high school and the state normal at 
San Jose. The large undertaking inaugurated by 
his father in platting and laying out the Mountain 
Mew Cemetery made an opening for him when 
his school days were over, and until the death 
of the father the two were associated in its man- 
agement. As president and manager of the cor- 
poration he is conducting affairs along the policy 
adopted by his father, with the result that Moun- 
tain View Cemetery cannot be equalled from an 
artistic point of view. He has also dealt quite 
extensively in real estate, much of which he still 
owns. Perhaps his largest and most important 
undertaking along this line was the purchase of 
twenty acres on east Colorado street, which he 
subdivided, and from the sale of lots he received 
handsome returns on his investment. He also 
owns the old home place of sixty acres in Alta- 

In Pasadena, in 1879, Joshua R. Giddings was 
married to Miss Jennie Hollingsworth, a native 
of Iowa, and a daughter of Lawson D. and Lu- 
cinda (Maudlin) Hollingsworth, natives of Ohio 
and Indiana respectively. From Peoria. 111., 
where they were pioneer settlers. Mr. and Mrs. 
Hollingsworth located in Iowa City. Iowa, and 
in 1876 came to California, settling in Pasadena. 
After residing here nearly thirty years both 
passed away on the same day, January 2~j, 1903. 
They were affectionately known throughout the 
surrounding country as Grandpa and Grandma 
Hollingsworth. Mr. Hollingsworth built and 
conducted the first grocery store here, and a son, 
Dr. H. T. Hollingsworth, now of Los Angeles, 
was the first postmaster. The parents belonged 
to the Society of Friends. Mr. Hollingsworth 
took an active part in the growth and develop- 
ment of Pasadena, the public school, water com- 

pany and all matters of moment receiving his 
stanch support. He owned fifty acres of land in 
the heart of the city. To him was due credit for 
introducing a number of new fruits into this 

Six children have been born to the marriage of 
Mr. and Mrs. Giddings, Lawson, Levi, Joseph, 
Blanche, Paul and June, two of the sons assisting 
their father in the management of the cemetery. 
Mr. Giddings takes an intelligent interest in local 
affairs, endeavoring by all means within his power 
to promote the welfare of the town and county 
with which his name has been associated for so 
many years. He is a namesake of Joshua Reed 
Giddings, who was elected to the legislature of 
Ohio in 1826, and in 1838 was made a member 
of congress, where he became prominent as an 
opponent of slavery. In 1 8f> 1 he was appointed 
consul-general to British North America, and 
he died in Montreal May 27, 1864. He was a 
brother of Joseph R. Giddings, the grandfather 
of our subject. 

WILLIAM E. DE GROOT. Not long since 
there passed from the citizenship of Los An- 
geles one of the most earnest and forceful 
men identified with the business interests of 
the city — William E. De Groot, wdio had been 
established in this state since 1887, from then 
until his death prominent in local movements 
for the development of Southern California. 
Mr. De Groot was a native of New York, and 
was born November 26, 1858. He was edu- 
cated in the public schools of his native state 
until the age of fourteen, when he started out 
on his life work. He remained a resident of New 
York until 1880, when he located in the mid- 
dle west, choosing Chicago for his first lo- 
cation. Shortly afterward he went to St. 
Paul, Minn., and engaged in business as a 
merchant tador. Attracted to the Pacific coast 
about this time he came to Los Angeles in 
1887, and from that date up to the time of his 
death he remained an important factor in pub- 
lic enterprises. Although various enterprises 
occupied his time, his first work of importance 
was the laying out of Knob Hill tract, prop- 
erty located just north of Westlake Park, and 



disposal of the lots. A little later he be- 
came interested in the local oil industry, and 
still later was one of the foremost promoters 
of this enterprise during the Bakersfield ex- 
citement. He was the sole promoter of the 
immense enterprise known as the Reid Oil 
Company, and was active for many years in 
its management and upbuilding. Success ac- 
companied his efforts and during his connec- 
tion with this business he accumulated a fort- 

The greater portion of Mr. De Groot's time 
was spent in Los Angeles and from this point 
he exercised a controlling interest in move- 
ments calculated to upbuild and develop the 
southern coast. In East San Pedro he became 
interested in the Crescent Wharf and Ware- 
house Company and was president of the same 
up to the time of his demise, continuing prom- 
inent in the development of this enterprise. 
Chief among his latest ventures in Los An- 
geles was his erection and furnishing of the 
Hinman, one of the most luxurious and tho- 
roughly modern of the magnificent apartment 
houses which this city affords for the comfort 
of the countless guests that flock to Los An-' 
geles. The building was something over a 
year in the course of construction, being com- 
pleted in December, 1903, and elegantly fur- 
nished by a New York house, in which city 
Mr. De Groot spent considerable time in at- 
tending to the details of the business. Al- 
though so recently established, the enterprise 
was proving a financial success, as had all 
others that had felt the master touch of Mr. 
De Groot, — a man of strong and unerring 
judgment, executive ability, and withal a nat- 
ure of such strength of purpose and power, 
that he could not help but win an enviable 
place for himself among the citizens of this 
western commonwealth. May 18, 1904, with 
no warning as to the nearness of death, he 
died of heart failure, being then just in the 
prime of life and the power and vigor of man- 
hood. Many friends felt his loss and his pres- 
ence was missed in the business circles of the 
city. He left a widow, formerly Miss Adalena 
Hinman, a native of Michigan and a daughter 
of A. B. Hinman. They were the parents of 
two children, a son and daughter. 

fluences which tended to mould the character of 
Mr. Gottschalk in his youth were such as cluster 
around the Rhine country in Germany, for there, 
near the city of Solingen, he was born July 31, 
1819. There also his father, Frederick John A. 
Gottschalk, was born December 28, 1795, his 
mother's birth occurring in the Fatherland also. 
She was Miss Margaret Roenchen, the daughter 
of a government official in that country. 

When a lad of twelve years Ferdinand Gotts- 
chalk accompained his parents to America, the 
vessel on which they took passage from Rotter- 
dam casting anchor on this side of the Atlantic 
at Baltimore, in October, 1831, after eighty- 
two days spent in transit. Two years and a half 
after their settlement there they removed to St. 
Louis, Mo., and there it was that the father's 
earth life came to a close December 18, 1865. 
His wife died on June 29, 1849. An excellent 
training in the schools for which the Fatherland 
is noted was the equipment with which Ferdinand 
Gottschalk came to this country, supplementing 
this by attending a private school in Baltimore 
and the only public school of St. Louis. Ap- 
proaching an age when the masculine mind natur- 
ally turns to thoughts of a business career, it was 
while in the schools of the latter city that an 
opportunity was offered him to become clerk in 
a general store in that city, an offer which he 
seized with avidity, for he was ambitious to get 
a start in the business world. The same per- 
sistency and concentration of purpose which he 
had learned during his school years entered into 
his new duties, and the four years which he 
spent in the mercantile business not only gave 
him a practical training in methods, but enabled 
him to lay by the means with which to learn a 
trade. Having in the mean time determined to 
master the carpenter's trade he devoted his means 
and the time to its accomplishment, attending 
private night schools to learn designing and 
architectural drawing, at the same time working 
in his father's shop. After he had mastered this 
he began working at the carpenter's trade with 
reference to house construction in St. Louis, later 
engaging in contracting and building there on his 
own account, a calling which he followed with ex- 
cellent results as long as he continued in that 
city. During the early part of the '70s he made a 




trip to California with his wife, and liking the 
climate he made another trip and the third time, 
in 1 88 1, located permanently to avoid the cold 
winters and hot summers, at the same time set- 
tling in Los Angeles, which has since been his 
home. He was the first St. Louis man to locate 
in Los Angeles. 

January 7, 1840, Mr. Gottschalk was united in 
marriage with Maria L. Gill, a native of Jack- 
son county, 111., in which state the family name 
was well known, her father, James Gill, having 
settled there as a pioneer from Kentucky during 
the very early days. Of the three children born 
to Mr. and Mrs. Gottschalk, Nancy L. became 
the wife of Judge Gottschalk of St. Louis, both 
now deceased ; Sarah H. is now the wife of 
Charles H. Matthay, and the mother of one child, 
Ferdinand L. ; and Charles makes his home with 
his parents. Mrs. Nancy L. Gottschalk was the 
mother of four children, of whom three are now 
living: Louis F., in New York; Ferdinand C, 
of Los Angeles ; and Mrs. J. Bond Francisco also 
of Los Angeles. Mr. and Mrs. Gottschalk take 
great pride in their great-grandchildren. Politic- 
ally Mr. Gottschalk has always favored Repub- 
lican principles, and cast his first presidential ballot 
for Benjamin Harrison. It was upon the Benton 
Anti-Slavery ticket that in 1852 he was elected 
to represent his district in the Missouri legis- 
lature and as soon as the Republican party was 
organized joined its ranks, subsequently repre- 
senting his constituents in the senate of that 
state. He served in the legislature from 1852 
to 1881, during which time many important 
measures yet in existence were enacted as laws. 
Since coming to Los Angeles Mr. Gottschalk 
has accumulated considerable valuable property 
and is counted one of the well-to-do residents of 
this prosperous city. Although now in his eighty- 
seventh year he is hale and hearty, ami in the 
enjoyment of all his life-long faculties is spend- 
ing bis last years in quiet contentment, free from 
remorse which too often accompanies the ac- 
cumulation of wealth. 

The supreme medical director for the Frater- 
nal Brotherhood and surgeon-general of the 
Uniform Rank, is Dr. C. W. Pierce, one of 

the able physicians of Los Angeles and a pop- 
ular and highly esteemed citizen, whose ef- 
forts have brought him personal success as 
well as added to the material upbuilding of the 
city. His father, James Washington Pierce, 
was born in Dutchess county, N. Y., there 
grew to y r oung manhood, and then became a 
farmer in Delaware county, that state. His 
pursuits were interrupted by the breaking out 
of the Civil war, in which he enlisted. His 
last days were spent in retirement in Los An- 
geles, where he was a prominent figure in the 
circles of the Grand Army of the Republic. 
Dr. Pierce's mother was Frances Clark, daugh- 
ter of Charles Clark, a successful farmer of 
New York. She survived her husband and 
now makes her home in Los Angeles. For 
more complete details refer to the sketch of 
Hon. F. E. Pierce, which appears elsewhere 
in this volume. 

Clarence Warner Pierce was born in Dela- 
ware county, N. Y., May 29, 1871, and after 
receiving a preliminary education through the 
medium of the common schools, attended Col- 
gate Academy in Hamilton, N. Y., for more 
advanced instruction. He came to Los An- 
geles in 1892 and engaged in the mercantile 
business with his brother under the name of 
the Pierce Furniture Company, after two years 
taking up the study of medicine. He finally 
entered the medical department of the Univer- 
sity of Southern California and was graduated 
therefrom in 1898 with the degree of M. D. 
He first engaged as the resident physician at 
the California Hospital for a year, then went 
east and for a season was in Bellevue Hospi- 
tal College. Returning to Los Angeks, he 
practiced for several years, and in 1902 was ap- 
pointed police surgeon for a term of two years. 
Upon the expiration of his term he again took 
up a general practice, and in December, 1905, 
was made supreme medical director of the Fra- 
ternal Brotherhood by its executive council. 
January 5, 1906, he was elected to this office 
at the special meeting of the Supreme Lodge 
in Los Angeles, and in addition to the im- 
portant duties which this entails upon him he 
has still carried on his general practice, which 
is fast growing to large proportions. He is 
thoroughly progressive and keeps in touch 



with every forward step taken by his profes- 
sion, and is affiliated with many societies, 
among them the Alumni Association of the 
Medical Department of the University of 
Southern California, the American Medical and 
State Medical Associations, the Southern Cal- 
ifornia and Los Angeles County Medical So- 
cieties, and the Clinical and Pathological So- 
ciety of Los Angeles. 

In Boston, Mass., Dr. Pierce was united in 
marriage with Miss Florence Cook, a native 
of Chelsea, that state, and they have one daugh- 
ter, Lorna Catherine. Fraternally the doctor 
is associated with various organizations, hav- 
ing become a member of La Grande Lodge 
No. 9, of the Fraternal Brotherhood, and 
served on its examining board until election 
to the present position he holds. He is a 
charter member of the Uniform Rank of the 
Fraternal Brotherhood, which he helped to or- 
ganize, and of which he is now surgeon-gen- 
eral. He was made a Mason in Pentalpha 
Lodge No. 202, F. & A. M., of Los Angeles, 
and now belongs to Signet Chapter No. 57, 
R. A. M., Los Angeles Commandery No. 9, 
K. T„ and Al Malaikah Temple, A. A. O. N. 
M. S. He was made an Odd Fellow in Amer- 
ica Lodge, of Los Angeles, and is also a mem- 
ber of the encampment, and is also identified 
with the Woodmen of the 'World. He belongs 
to the Jonathan and University Clubs, two of 
the prominent social organizations of Los An- 
geles. In religion he is a member, of the 
.Memorial Baptist Church, and liberally sup- 
ports all its charities. Politically he is a stanch 
advocate of Republican principles. Dr. Pierce 
is public-spirited and enterprising and brings 
to his chosen work an intelligent study and re- 
search which places him in the front ranks of 
those similarly occupied. 

FRANK BRYSON. The public interests of 
Los Angeles have in Frank Bryson an earnest 
and loyal supporter, his personal affairs always 
lying parallel with those of general growth. Al- 
though young in \rars he has the advantage of 
a connection with Southern California interests 
through his grandfather and father, both of 
whom were prominent citizens of Los Angeles, 

upbuilders and promoters, and left the name of 
Bryson indelibly stamped upon the progress and 
advancement of the city and section. The grand- 
father was John Bryson, Sr., a name familiar 
in the annals of the city; he inherited the splen- 
did traits of character which made his career 
successful from Scotch-Irish ancestors, who set- 
tled in Lancaster county, Pa., where he was born 
June 20, 1819. He was one of the eldest in a 
large family of children and early became de- 
pendent upon his own resources. He became a 
cabinet maker and followed this occupation for 
more than twenty years. He lived in Ohio for 
a time, then went to Iowa, and made his home in 
Washington, the county seat of Washington 
county. There, after years of effort, he suc- 
ceeded in acquiring a fortune, with which he 
came to Los Angeles in 1879 and invested in 
various avenues which contributed no little to- 
ward the material development of the city and 
also the upbuilding of his personal fortunes. 
Tlie Bryson block stands to-day as a monument 
to his faith in the city which had just passed 
through the perils of a "boom,"' this being erected 
in 1888. a year after the close of activities here. 
He served efficiently as mayor and brought to 
hear in his administration the same qualities 
which had given him personal success, while 
other official honors could have been his had he 
been disposed to accept them. He was both 
brawn and brain in the advancement of the 
city, the power behind the apparently hopeless 
condition of affairs. As such his name to-day 
holds a prominent place among the citizens of 
Southern California. His son, John Bryson, Jr., 
was born in Iowa, and in manhood engaged in 
the lumber business in Red Oak, where he made 
his home until 1877. ^ n tms > car ' le brought 
his family to Los Angeles and here established 
a lumber business which was known as Bryson 
& Sons Lumber Co.. and continued in this busi- 
ness until his final retirement from the active 
cares of life. His wife, formerly Mary Washam, 
was born in Missouri of an old southern family, 
and died in Los Angeles. 

The only child of his parents. Frank Bryson 
was born in Red Oak, Montgomery county, Iowa, 
May 21, 1872. He was only five years old when 
brought to Los Angeles, and here in the public 
schools and also private institutions he received 

w. Q? vO^ ^ 



his preliminary education, attending Professor 
Henderson's school in Los Angeles, and Pro- 
fessor Stoneman's school at San Gabriel. He 
was then sent east to attend high school in Ham- 
burg, Iowa, from which he was graduated, then 
attended Tabor College, in Tabor, Iowa. In his 
senior year he left college and going to Wyom- 
ing engaged in the cattle business in the employ 
of the Middlesex Live Stock Company, of Bos- 
ton, remaining with them for about three year-. 
Going at the expiration of that time to Seattle, 
Wash., he became purser on the steamer Has- 
salau running out of that city ; at the time of the 
fire in that city in 1889 he came to Los Angeles. 
Here he entered the employ of the Los Angeles 
Hat Company, later became manager of the 
Harris & Frank Clothing Company, continuing 
with them for six years. The ensuing four years 
were spent as manager for Mullen & Bluett, 
after which he established the firm of Bryson & 
Logan, hatters and haberdashers. Eighteen 
months later he sold out to his partner and then 
assumed the management of the new store opened 
by Harris & Frank on South Spring street, con- 
tinuing with them until January 1, 1907. In the 
meantime he was nominated by acclamation on 
the Republican ticket to the office of public ad- 
ministrator and was later elected by the second 
largest majority on that ticket. On the 7th of 
January he took the oath of office and is now 
devoting his entire time and attention to these 
interests, his office being in the Bullard block. 

In Los Angeles, March 4, 1894, Mr. Bryson 
was united in marriage with Miss Margaret 
Beaver, a native of Toronto, Canada; she is a 
member of the Episcopal Church. In his fra- 
ternal relations Mr. Bryson is a Mason, having 
been made a member of the order in Southern 
California Lodge No. 278. F. & A. M. ; and is 
also a member of Signet Chapter Xo. 57, R. A. 
M. ; Southern California Commandery Xo. 9, K. 
T.; and Al Malaikah Temple, A. A. O. X. M. S.. 
being a member of the patrol. He also belongs 
to Marathon Lodge Xo. 182. K. of P.. to the 
Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, being past 
exalted ruler of Lodge Xo. 99, and a delegate 
to the Grand Lodge at Denver in 1906; and the 
Knights of the Maccabees, being past commander 
of Los Angeles Tent No. 2. For six years, from 
1887 to 1893, he served in Company F, Seventh 

Regiment of the California National Guards. 
Politically he is a stanch advocate of Republican 
principles. In his personal traits of character, 
Mr. Bryson is a noteworthy citizen — gifted with 
business ability which is winning him financial 
returns, stanch in friendship which has given him 
many friends, and loyal in the discharge of all 
duties which have come to him in a public or 
private capacity. 

the young men of affairs who are contributing 
towards enhancing the business and commer- 
cial importance of Los Angeles, we find F. A. 
McDonald, who is the son of Alexander B. 
McDonald, president of the Occidental Trust 
and Savings Bank, ami whose biography ap- 
pears elsewhere in this work. He was born 
at Sauk Center, Minn.. December 8. 187'). and 
received his education in the public schools 
and at Fargo College. At the age of seventeen 
he left college while in his senior year to ac- 
cept the position of managing editor of the 
Fargo Daily Argus. During this time he be- 
came interested in politics and took an active 
part in forwarding the interests of the Repub- 
lican party and with great credit to himself. 
After three years he resigned as managing 
editor of the Argus and he and his father were 
among the first to begin the settlement of the 
Mouse River Valley in North Dakota. In- 
ducing settlers to locate there they established 
a mail route and laid out the town of Ren- 
ville. This occupied a period of three years, 
when, on account of his health and needing a 
business respite, he entered the law depart- 
ment of Northwestern University, where he 
attended until March. 1903. His parents lo- 
cating in Los Angeles permanently at that 
time, he decided to cast his lot here, too, and 
soon became largely interested in real estate. 
He was well and favorably known and was 
successful in his operations. In the spring 
of 1906 the mines of Nevada attracted his at- 
tention to such a degree that he concluded to 
engage in mining and established an office in 
the Bradbury building, where he is now ex- 
tensively engaged in handling stocks and 
bonds, having incorporated the F. A. McDon- 



aid Company with a capital stock of $250,000. 
He is president of the company. He is also 
engaged in developing mines in South Ne- 
vada, having organized the Mohawk Junior, 
of which he is secretary. He is also secretary 
of the Goldfield Gold Elk and the Daisy Ex- 
tension. Mr. McDonald is also interested in 
copper mines at Yerington, New, and in Ari- 

In Los Angeles Mr. McDonald married Miss 
Clara Milner, who is a native daughter of Los 
Angeles and the daughter of the late John 
Milner, who was cashier of the Farmers' and 
Merchants' Bank from the foundation of that 
institution until his death, and who receives 
no small credit for the success of that institu- 

Mr. McDonald organized the Los Angeles 
Mining Exchange and is an active member. 
He is a member of the Fargo Lodge, A. F. & 
A. M., also the Consistory and Al Zagal Tem- 
ple, X. M. S., and was the youngest thirty- 
second degree Mason and Shriner in the 
United States at the time of his admission. 
He is a member of Fargo Lodge, B. P. O. E. 
Mr. McDonald is just completing a $25,000 
residence on Alvarado Terrace, one of the ele- 
gant residences in the city. He has one of 
the finest private art collections, including 
many paintings of the old masters. Though 
young in years, his strong personal attributes 
are generally recognized and these character- 
istics, taken in conjunction with his manifest 
public spirit, his breadth of mind and his gen- 
erosity of heart, have given him a place in the 
esteem of his associates which few men attain 
at his age of life. 

JOHN PALLADY. The years that have 
elapsed since the death of John Pallady have not 
effaced from the minds of those who knew him 
the splendid characteristics and qualities of man- 
hood shown in his career in the middle west, 
principally in Illinois and Iowa, where he was 
well known as a merchant and farmer. He was 
the representative of an old French family, his 
father, John Pallady, having been born in France 
in the latter part of the nineteenth century. 
While still a voting man he came to the new- 

world and finally settled at Malone, Franklin 
county, N. Y. The second war with England 
made demands upon the service of those able to 
take up arms in defense of the young country, 
and among those who responded to the call was 
John Pallady, Sr. 

It was while the family were making their 
home in Plattsburg, Clinton county, N. Y., that 
John Pallady, Jr., was born July 10, 1822. He 
removed with the family to Franklin county, and 
in Malone Academy received the finishing touches 
to his educational training. His school days 
over, he entered enthusiastically upon the busi- 
ness life which lay before him, engaging in the 
boot and shoe business in Malone. The attrac- 
tions and inducements of the middle west, how- 
ever, subsequently induced them to locate in 
Springfield, III, there, as in the east, Mr. Pal- 
lady continuing in the boot and shoe business, to 
which he also added dealing in harness. Still 
later they removed to Atlanta, Logan county, 
111., he continuing the same line of business, 
which had grown in magnitude and warranted 
the erection of a large store building to accom- 
modate his stock. There also they erected a 
commodious residence, in which the family re- 
sided as long as they made their home in Illinois. 
Upon disposing of their interests in that state 
Mr. and Mrs. Pallady removed to Wayne coun- 
ty, Iowa, and near Corydon improved a fine farm 
and built a large brick residence and farm build- 
ings in keeping. Upon this farm of three hun- 
dred and twenty acres they made a specialty of 
stock-raising, and in this as in previous under- 
takings they made a success. His death on his 
Iowa farm May 31, 1893, brought to a close a 
life of usefulness, one which reflected credit not 
only upon himself, but one which had done much 
for the upbuilding and betterment of his fellow- 
citizens, for in whatever community he made his 
home his interests and influence were always on 
the side of the better element and no worthy 
cause was allowed to lag for want of his support. 
During young manhood he united with the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Giurch, and throughout life he 
adhered to the teachings of the faith to which 
he gave allegiance. Fraternally he was a Mas- 
ter Mason, and in his political preferences he 
espoused Republican principles. 

In Malone, N. Y., November 28. 1842, John 



Pallady was united in marriage with Miss Mary 
J. Spencer, a native of that city, born February 
6, 1825, the daughter of James C. and Mary 
(Thomas) Spencer, natives of Massachusetts and 
Brattleboro, Yt., respectively. Mr. Spencer was 
a farmer and stock dealer in the vicinity of Ma- 
lone, and his death occurred in Albany. Mrs. 
Pallady is of English descent on the maternal 
side, her grandfather, John Thomas, having been 
born in London, England. After the old family 
home in London was destroyed by fire the Metho- 
dists purchased the property and subsequently 
erected the first church of that denomination in 
London. Under the altar of this primitive struc- 
ture repose the mortal remains of John and 
Giarles Wesley, the founders of Methodism. 
Upon coming to the United States Mr. Thomas 
settled in Brattleboro, Vt, where he rounded out 
a creditable career as vineyardist and farmer. 
Following in her religious faith the teachings of 
her parents, Mrs. Pallady is a Methodist, having 
been converted at the age of ten years. At that 
early age, too. she united with the church, and 
throughout her life she has exemplified the sincer- 
ity of her belief. Nature gifted her with a fine 
voice, and throughout her life her singing has 
been greatly appreciated in the communities 
where she has made her home. She was the eld- 
est of seven children, of whom four are living, 
and she was educated in Malone Academy. 

Of the seven children born to the marriage of 
Mr. and Mrs. Pallady six grew to years of ma- 
turity as follows : Emma E., Mrs. Capt. Bos- 
well, of Oregon ; Melville J., who died in Kan- 
sas ; Loyal, a resident of Oklahoma, as is also 
Albert, the youngest child ; Flora, at home ; and 
George, who still makes his home in Wayne 
county, Iowa. Some years after the death of 
her husband Mrs. Pallady removed to California 
and settled in Pasadena, and for a number of 
years has owned and occupied the residence at 
No. 827 W. Washington street. Wherever cir- 
cumstances have placed her Mrs. Pallady has 
radiated an influence that purifies and uplifts 
those about her, her kindness and rare worth of 
character endearing her to all. Mrs. Pallady and 
her daughter Flora, who has been very active 
and useful in the church, are members of the 
First Methodist Episcopal Church of Los An- 

ANSEL E. GAMMON. Pasadena is the 
home of a number of octogenarians who have 
come here primarily for their health, and in se- 
curing the prize for which they came have thus 
added years to their lives. In 1899, at the age 
of seventy-five, Mr. Gammon came to Pasadena 
in the hope of restoring his lost health, and the 
fact that he is now well and strong for a man 
of nearly eighty-three years speaks volumes for 
what the climate has accomplished in his case. 
The records do not state in what year the Gam- 
mon family became established on American soil, 
but it is known beyond a doubt that the family 
is of Scotch-Irish origin and that its appearance 
in America ante-dated the Revolutionary war. 
The grandfather, Daniel Gammon, who was born 
in Gorham, Me., was a participant in that strug- 
gle when only sixteen years of age, and took part 
in the memorable battle of Bunker Hill. The 
second war with England found his son. Samuel 
Gammon, among the defenders of the colonies, 
rendering a creditable service, for which he re- 
ceived a pension throughout the remainder of his 
life. Samuel Gammon was also born in Gor- 
ham, Me., his wife, formerly Malinda Quint, 
also being a native of that state. 

Ansel E. Gammon was born in Somerset 
county, Me.. March 1, 1824, and considering 
the difficulties and disadvantages under which all 
children of that early period labored in secur- 
ing an education he became fairly well informed 
and subsequently was privileged to attend a se- 
lect school at Lexington, Me. His first effort 
at gaining a livelihood was as a helper in the 
logging camps of his native state. When he was 
nineteen years old, in 1843, ms parents removed 
to what was then considered the west, locating 
on a farm in DeKalb county, 111., and Mr. Gam- 
mon vividly recalls the hardships they had to 
endure from the lack of necessities. He was an 
adept with the axe, however, and with this he 
started for Chicago, about sixty miles distant, 
and through the winter of 1843-44 he chopped 
cord wood west of what is now Lincoln Park, 
in that city. In the spring he returned to De- 
Kalb county and engaged in farming near Shab- 
bona Grove until 1852. when he went to Living- 
ston countv and remained. Upon the outbreak 
of the Civil war he enlisted in Company D, Fifty- 
second Illinois Infantrv. Colonel (later Briga- 



dier-General) Sweney commanding the regiment. 
With his regiment Mr. Gammon went south and 
was assigned to the Army of the Tennessee, be- 
sides many other battles participating in the bat- 
tle of Fort Donelson. After this memorable 
struggle he lay sick in the hospital for some time 
and was finally discharged on a physician's cer- 
tificate of disability. Returning to Illinois, he 
located first in Odell and engaged in the hard- 
ware business and later, in 1875, went to Chi- 
cago, where he engaged in a general teaming 
business. Notwithstanding the fact that the 
business was remunerative he disposed of it in 
1883 and with his son, John P., went to Wyo- 
ming and engaged in the stock business, making 
a specialty of handling horses and cattle, and 
built up one of the finest ranches of the country 
at that time, remaining there from 1883 until 
1893. Thereafter he returned to Chicago and 
lived retired until he came to California. 
Throughout his life Mr. Gammon thus far had 
worked unceasingly and the constant strain had 
made inroads upon his constitution to such an 
extent that he was advised to try the climate of 
California in order to recuperate his strength. 
It was this advice that brought him to Pasa- 
dena in 1899, and the fact that he is now hale 
and hearty and in the possession of all of his fac- 
ulties at over eighty-three years is proof con- 
clusive that he made no mistake in locating in 
this garden spot. 

In 1852 Mr. Gammon married Miss Sophia 
Wilber, and they had four children, as follows : 
John P., who is now conducting a large horse 
ranch in Wyoming; Malinda, who died aged 
seventeen years, and Marinda, a twin, who with 
her husband, Allen W. Greenman, resides in 
Idaho; and Jennie G., who is the wife of W. S. 
Metz, of Sheridan, Wyo., who is engaged in 
the stock business in the adjoining state of 
Montana. In 1877 ^ r - Gammon was again mar- 
ried, Maria Wise of Pittsburg, Pa., a lady of 
culture and refinement, becoming his wife. Mr. 
Gammon is the proud grandfather of thirteen 
children and has five great-grandchildren. Both 
himself and his wife are members of the Con- 
gregational Church, to whose support they both 
give liberally. Politically he is a Republican, 
supporting its principles from the time of cast- 
ing his vote for J. G. Birney, the anti-slavery 

candidate for president in 1844. He is a mem- 
ber of the Grand Army of the Republic, belong- 
ing to John F. Goddard Post of Pasadena, and 
is a member of the lodge, chapter and com- 
mandery in Masonary, all of Pasadena. 

Rev. E. H. Gammon, a brother of Ansel E. 
Gammon, was for many years prominently con- 
nected with the Methodist Episcopal Church and 
at the time of his death was a member of the 
Rock River Conference. He was also the founder 
of Freedman's Theological College at Atlanta, 
Ga., devoting a large part of his means for the 
construction of the buildings. On account of 
trouble with his throat he resigned from the 
ministry and engaged in the hardware and 
agricultural implement business, which with other 
business investments resulted in the accumula- 
tion of a large fortune, and at his death he left 
about $500,000 to Freedman's College. 

JOHN MILNER. Prominent among the 
men to whom the city of Los Angeles is deeply 
indebted for its wonderful development, rapid 
progress and present prosperity, was the late 
John Milner. During his residence here of a 
quarter of a century he was identified with the 
establishment of various beneficial measures, by 
his enthusiastic and able support contributing to- 
ward their success. He was recognized as a man 
of unquestioned integrity, straightforward and 
honest in all of his transactions, and as one of 
the most successful and competent financiers of 
his time. A native of Germany, he was born, 
February 5, 1834, in the city of Hanover, where 
he received a collegiate education. 

Leaving the Fatherland at the age of nineteen 
years, John Milner immigrated to the United 
States, and for about five years resided in the 
city of New York. In 1858 he made his first 
trip to California, coming via the Isthmus, and 
for about two years was employed in mining. 
In i860 he returned to the east, and upon the 
breaking out of the Civil war entered the quar- 
termaster's department, in which he served until 
the close of the conflict. Mr. Milner then came 
again to Los Angeles county, and, under Cap- 
tain Swazey, served in the quartermaster's de- 
partment in Wilmington for a number of years. 
Resigning from the army, he entered the em- 



ploy of General Banning, becoming business 
agent for the Los Angeles & Wilmington Rail- 
road Company, with headquarters in Wilming- 
ton. In 1874, giving up that position. Mr. Milner 
became associated with the management of the 
newly organized Farmers and Merchants Bank 
of Los Angeles, first as secretary, and then as 
cashier of the institution. Showing marked 
financial ability, he retained this responsible 
position until his sudden death, April 2j, [895. 
For twenty-one years Mr. Alilner was connected 
officially with the bank, and by his superior busi- 
ness tact and judgment did much toward plac- 
ing it among the strong and substantial financial 
institutions of Southern California. A man of 
rare ability, quick and accurate in discernment, 
he was ever equal to all emergencies, and exerted 
a good influence in business circles. Inherent 
in him were the qualities of a noble manhood, his 
unselfishness, amiability, broad views, and high- 
minded principles winning him the esteem and 
love of all with whom he was brought in con- 
tact. His death was a public loss. 

Mr. Milner was a stanch Republican in poli- 
tics, a member of the Grand Army of the Repub- 
lic, a devoted Episcopalian, and belonged to the 
Masonic order. Mr. Milner was happy in his 
social home life. Mrs. Milner came to Califor- 
nia in 1861, and since 1864 has been a resident 
of Los Angeles. 

A. E. POMEROY. The association of A. 
E. Pomeroy with business affairs of Los An- 
geles during the past twenty-five years has 
contributed materially to the development and 
advancement of various enterprises which 
have resulted in the commercial supremacy of 
this city. He became a resident of Southern 
California in 1881, removing at that time from 
Santa Clara county, where, in San Jose, he 
had taken a prominent part in public affairs 
for a number of years, having served officially 
as county clerk and commercially as cashier 
of the San Jose "Savings Bank. His executive 
ability, received both through inheritance and 
training, was such as to enable him to acquire 
a high position among the enterprising citizens 
of Los Angeles by reason of his efforts to ad- 
vance its interests commercially. 

Born in New England of ancestry long 
established on American soil and participants 
in her movement for independence and suprem- 
acy, Mr. Pomeroy inherited the traits of 
character which have long distinguished the 
citizens of this section of our country. His 
education was received in the public schools 
of California, and he is a graduate of the Uni- 
versity of the Pacific, San Jose, Cal. After 
his school days were over he engaged in an 
independent effort to gain a livelihood. He 
became a pioneer of California in 1853 and 
since that date has given his efforts toward the 
advancement of the commonwealth, believing 
firmly in the future of the state and manifest- 
ing his faith in a substantial manner. While 
in San Jose he took an active part in the city's 
advancement, rising to a position of promi- 
nence among the business men, as county clerk 
of Santa Clara county discharging his duties 
in an able and efficient manner. In his ca- 
pacity of cashier of the San Jose Savings Bank 
he was instrumental in furthering the bank- 
ing interests of that city and won for himself 
a high reputation fur his sagacity and judg- 
ment in financial matters. 

The change of location for Mr. Pomeroy, 
while it was a loss to the city of San Jose, 
was a distinct gain for Los Angeles, for with 
his residence he has given a loyalty that could 
not but make him a helpful citizen. His in- 
terests have been mainly along the real estate 
line since his location here, his success being 
such as to place him prominently among the 
business men.- He has been associated with 
manv of the most important movements in the 
development of Southern California, being a 
member of a syndicate that laid out various 
tracts, among them the Temecula and San Ja- 
cinto ranches; the towns of Puente, Gardena, 
Alhambra and Long Beach ; the Iowa tract, 
San Bernardino: the Burbank and Providencia 
ranches upon which the town of Burbank 
stands ; and was also active in the development 
of Hermosa and Sunset beaches. Although 
eminently progressive Mr. Pomeroy is also 
conservative and never allows his enthusiasm 
to blind his judgment, holding persistently to 
the line which has been proven successful by 
years of experience. 



Mr. Pomeroy holds various positions of 
trust and responsibility, among which is the 
vice-presidency of the State Mutual Building 
and Loan Association, to which office he was 
elected by the board of directors in 1893. This 
association was organized in 1889 under the 
laws of California and has since assumed a 
place of importance in the business life of the 
city, being managed by men of pronounced 
ability whose private careers have manifested 
the fitness of their present appointments. He 
was also one of the organizers of the Union 
Savings Bank of Los Angeles and has served 
as a director and taken an active interest in its 

In 1871, in San Jose, Cal., Mr. Pomeroy was 
united in marriage with Miss Florence A. 
Wilcox, a native of Connecticut and their 
home is now located at No. 217 West Adams 
street. They have one son, Walter V. Pome- 
roy. The family are members of the First 
Methodist Episcopal Church, in which Mr. 
Pomeroy has served for many years as trustee, 
while his wife is active in the various ladies' 
societies and both are uniformly liberal in their 
support of all charities. In his fraternal rela- 
tions Mr. Pomeroy is a thirty-second degree 
Scottish Rite Mason and socially is a member 
of the Union League Club and the City Church 
Federation Club. Educational matters have 
also claimed a large share of the attention of 
Mr. Pomeroy and as trustee of the University 
of Southern California he has taken an active 
interest in its upbuilding. For three years he 
served as president of the board of education 
of Los Angeles and for eight years was one. of 
the trustees of the state normal school, offi- 
ciating for a part of that time as president of 
the board of trustees. Thoroughly in touch 
with modern methods and thought, Mr. Pome- 
roy holds a place among the progressive and 
broadminded men of this city and is always to 
be found in the rank of citizens seeking the 
mental, moral and physical welfare of its resi- 

P. MAX KUEHNRICH. A high position in 
the financial life of Los Angeles has been won 
by Mr. Kuehnrich, one of the most enterprising 
citizens of this section, and one who is deeply 

interested not only in the personal upbuilding 
of his fortune, but in the advancement and wel- 
fare of his adopted home. Mr. Kuehnrich was 
born in Erlau, Saxony, Germany, February 29, 
1868, a son of Robert and Clara (Lauger) 
Kuehnrich, honored residents of that section, 
the father being a successful agriculturist of 
Saxony. He received an excellent education in 
the gymnasium and the L T niversity of Leipsic. 
When but nineteen years old he came to the 
United States and after remaining a short time 
in New York City went to Milwaukee, Wis., 
and there engaged in newspaper work. Later 
he was similarly occupied on the Bcllcstrictic 
Journal, of New York City, and several brewer's 
trade journals, remaining so occupied until 1897, 
when he came to Southern California, and in 
Los Angeles organized the Los Angeles Brew- 
ing Company, of which he has ever since re- 
mained president and active manager. The plant 
was completed in 1898 and the manufacture of 
beer begun at that time ; since then the enterprise 
has been largely increased, and has now a cap- 
ital stock of $500,000 with $300,000 paid in. 
Thev own eleven acres of land on East Main 
and Moulton streets, three acres being covered 
with brick buildings of modern architecture, 
fully equipped for their manufacture, which has 
been increased to a capacity of six hundred bar- 
rels per day. They have two ice machines, each 
with a capacity of seventy-five tons, and have 
on their property several wells with an abun- 
dance of water whose excellence aids greatly in 
the manufacture of a brew of superior quality. 
This was the first company in California to ship 
beer to the Orient, the first shipment being made 
in [899, since which time they have built up a 
large trade across the water, and also ship to 
Nevada, Arizona. Xew Mexico and Old Mexico, 
as well as all over the state of California. Their 
exhibits won medals at both the St. Louis and 
Portland expositions. The enterprise is one of 
the most prominent of Los Angeles and is an 
active force in the upbuilding of manufacturing 
interests of this section, and to Mr. Kuehnrich 
is largely due the credit for the success the com- 
pany has won. He is a man of undoubted busi- 
ness ability, shrewd and practical in judgment, 
and knows and grasps an opportunity for the 
advancement of his enterprise. 





In Chicago, 111.. Mr. Kuehnrich was united 
in marriage with Miss Fannie Oppenheimer, a 
native of Nuremberg, Germany, and born of this 
union are two children, Elsa and Flora. The 
social organizations of Los Angeles have in Mr. 
Kuehnrich an active and helpful member, as he 
is associated with the California, University and 
Jonathan Clubs, as well as the Turn-Verein 
and several singing societies, himself being a 
musician of much ability. Fraternally he is a 
prominent member of the Benevolent Protective 
Order of Elks. He takes a practical interest in 
the development of public interests, and as a 
member of the Chamber of Commerce is a power 
in its upbuilding. Politically he gives his sup- 
port to the Republican party, of whose principles 
he is a stanch advocate. 

tired capitalist of Los Angeles, William Har- 
vey Summers has taken a prominent part in 
the upbuilding and development of this section 
of the country, and thus holds a place of im- 
portance among the representative citizens. 
He is a native of the middle west, his birth 
having occurred in L 7 pper Alton, 111., Decem- 
ber 16, 1830. He is the descendant of an old 
Virginia family, whence the paternal grand- 
father, William Summers, immigrated to Ken- 
tucky in the days of its early settlement. He 
reared a family, among whom was a son, Har- 
vey Simpson, who was born in the Blue Grass 
state, August 20, 1800. there reared to man- 
hood and taught the trade of saddler and har- 
ness-maker. This occupation he followed for 
some years in his native state, finally removing 
to Upper Alton, 111., where he continued in 
the saddler and harness business. He was 
elected justice of the peace, which position he 
held up to about the time of his death, which 
occurred in his eighty-third year. He married 
Elizabeth Beam, who was born in Ohio, the 
daughter of James Beam, a pioneer of that 

The boyhood of William Harvey Summers 
was passed in the place of his birth, where he 
received an education in the common schools. 
He did not care to follow the trade of his 
father, but early evinced an aptitude for busi- 

ness life which enabled him to retain success- 
fully his first position as clerk in a general 
store. In 1852, in the employ of William J. 
Gage & Co., he went to Greene county, 111., 
where he conducted the affairs of the com- 
pany. In connection with this branch store 
the company also operated a grist and saw 
mill, which proved a factor of importance in 
the upbuilding of this enterprise, as patrons 
came from many miles in every direction to 
this mill. Mr. Summers became a part owner 
in the merchandise business and continued 
with this firm until the business changed 
hands, when he returned to his home at Upper 
Alton. 111. That winter he read Charles Nord 1 
hoff's book on California which told so many 
glowing stories of that state and especially of 
San Diego, that lie decided to come to Califor- 
nia to see the country. Accordingly, in 1870, 
he made the journey by way of the Central 
Pacific Railroad to San Francisco and then 
by boat to San Diego. Preceding his return 
to Illinois in 1873, he was located for a short 
time in Los Angeles, and coming back to this 
state in 1874, he returned to Los Angeles, 
where he purchased a half interest in a candy 
business, the firm being known as Penoyer & 
Summers. Disposing of his interest in this 
business the following year, he removed to 
Sonoma county and purchased three hundred 
and fifty acres of land and engaged in farm- 
ing and stock-raising. Xot meeting with the 
expected success in this undertaking, he re- 
turned to Los Angeles in 1876 and engaged in 
buying and selling real estate, his means ac- 
cumulating until he became owner of valuable 
property consisting of the Summers block on 
Spring street, the Cleveland hotel between 
Grand avenue and Olive on Third street in 
this city and five hundred and sixty acres of 
farming land in Greene county. 111., which 
brings him in a good income. 

Mr. Summers has been four times married, 
his first wife being Miss Miranda Wheeler, a 
native of Ohio, who came with him a bride to 
bis western home. His second wife was Miss 
Lottie De Groot, and the third Miss Emma De 
Groot. a sister, both of Los Angeles. He was 
fortunate in having lovely wives, but unfor- 
tunate in their untimely deaths. May 31. 1900, 



he married Miss Kittie Keating, of Litchfield, 
111., his present wife, who was the daughter of 
a very dear gentleman friend of his early days. 
Mr. Summers is interested in various charita- 
hle enterprises, regardless of denomination, to 
which he liberally gives his support. His 
home is located at No. 407 South Grand ave- 
nue, where he is surrounded by the comforts 
which his early years of industry have made 
possible. In his political convictions he is a 
stanch adherent of the principles advocated in 
the platform of the Republican party and for 
a time, when he had charge of the Illinois 
stores, served in the capacity of postmaster. 
Otherwise his life has been too busy to seek 
or accept official recognition. 

In reviewing the life of Mr. Summers an im- 
pression is gained not of the opportunities 
which presented themselves in his career, but 
rather of the rugged and unswerving charac- 
ter of the man. He has met with obstacles — 
perhaps greater than those that fall to the lot 
of the average man, for through a misfortune 
in nowise the result of his own mistakes he 
was compelled twice to begin a career, — but 
he has allowed nothing to discourage him, 
nothing to defeat his object which was to gain 
the competence the world owes every citizen. 
He has risen steadily to a position of financial 
success, and at the same time has won the 
esteem and confidence of all who know him as 
a recognition of his integrity, his citizenship, 
and the practical use of the talents which were 
his both by inheritance and training. 

JULIUS A. JACOBS. Preceded by years of 
conservative commercial experience, Julius A. 
Jacobs came to Pasadena in 1888, and in the 
years that intervened between that time and his 
death, August 29, [901, he formed an integral 
part of the business and social life of his home 
city. As a dealer in fuel and feed he established 
and maintained a commendable business, and by 
his upright methods and straightforward dealings 
won what was of even greater value from a per- 
sonal standpoint, the confidence and respect of 
his fellow citizen-. Since his demise the business 
has been continued under the management of 

Mrs. Jacobs, with the assistance of her elder son, 
Julius R. 

Julius A. Jacobs was a native of the Father- 
land, born in Freienwalde March 30, 1844. While 
he was still a young lad he was influenced by 
some relatives who had visited their home to 
make his home with them in the new world, and 
when only thirteen years old he embarked on a 
vessel which in due time landed its passengers in 
the port of New Orleans. As may be expected 
he had some difficulty in adjusting himself to 
the conditions and customs of his new home, not 
the least of which was mastering the language, 
but youth and perseverance bridge over many 
obstacles, which was the case in Mr. Jacobs' ex- 
perience. From New Orleans he went to Shreve- 
port. La., where he secured a clerkship in a gen- 
eral store. Upon relinquishing this position he 
was taken into partnership in a general merchan- 
dise business conducted by his relatives, this be- 
ing one of the largest and most flourishing stores 
in the city and one well known throughout the 
south. Soon afterward Mr. Jacobs established a 
wholesale and retail fancy dry-goods business 
which grew to large proportions and which he 
conducted until his removal to California. He 
was the first merchant to introduce lady clerks 
in northern Louisiana and the first to use the 
penny in change. While in Shreveport he became 
an important factor in the public life of the city. 
and during the last year of the Civil war served 
efficiently as assistant postmaster; prior to this 
he had been a soldier in a Confederate regiment. 
Upon disposing of his interests in Shreveport 
Mr. Jacobs came directly to Pasadena, Gal., and 
as in the south he entered the commercial life 
of his adopted home, the change in commodities 
handled marking the only difference, for the same 
enterprise which had been the keynote of his suc- 
cess in the south was visible here also. 

In [871, in Shreveport, La.. Mr. Jacobs was 
united in marriage with Miss Lillian M. Dawes, 
a daughter of Richard and Rosaline (Yenni) 
Dawes, her parents being old-time residents of 
that southern city. Four children blessed the 
marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Jacobs, named as fol- 
low- : Maude A., the wife of Thaddeus A. Win- 
ter, and a resident of Colville, Wash. ; Julius R., 
who also at one time lived in that northern state, 
hut since the death of his father has been a resi- 

-£$.(71. <^h*npjt.^, 



dent of Pasadena, where with his mother he is 
continuing the business established by the senior 
Mr. Jacobs ; and Aileen and Rodney A., both at 
home with their mother. Though the victim of 
a lingering illness, having suffered with Bright's 
disease for a number of years, the immediate 
cause of Mr. Jacobs' death was heart trouble. 
Several months before his death, with his wife 
and younger son, Rodney, he took a trip north 
to visit his two eldest children, Maude and Julius 
R. He spent the summer on the Sound and died 
at the home of his daughter in Washington, his 
remains being brought to his home in Pasadena 
for burial. His funeral was conducted by the 
Knights Templar, being the first to be held under 
their auspices in Pasadena. He was an attendant 
of the First Presbyterian Church, of which Mrs. 
Jacobs is a member. Fraternally he was a Mason, 
belonging to blue lodge, chapter and comman- 
dery, also to the Scottish Rite and Shrine, all of 
Southern California. One of the influences which 
led Mr. Jacobs to select Pasadena as his future 
home was the moral tone of the town. He gave 
iiberallv towards its upbuilding, this also being 
true of all places where he had interests. As 
did her late husband, Mrs. Jacobs takes a keen 
interest in all matters affecting the welfare of 
her home city. She is also a prominent factor in 
the social life of the city, and is a lady of much 
culture and refinement. Among other organiza- 
tions which claim her membership may be men- 
tioned the Shakespeare Club. In 1904 she erected 
her present residence at No. 168 North Marengo 
avenue, a structure which is a model architec- 
turally, and which in its fittings and appointments 
reflects great credit upon its owner. 

has given to the Pacific coast many men of 
culture and broad mental attainments and 
among them few have excelled the late Spen- 
cer Roane Thorpe, whose versatility of mind 
and force of personality impressed every mem- 
ber of his circle of acquaintances and every 
locality of his residence. The traits which 
made him a leader among men came to him as 
an endowment from a long line of gifted an- 
cestors both on the paternal and maternal 
sides. Through his father, Thomas James 

Thorpe, he traced his lineage to England and 
to a long line of barristers and counselors-at- 
law. Through his mother, who was Sarah 
Ann Roane, a daughter of Lafayette Roane, 
he was a descendant in the third generation 
of Judge Spencer Roane, a Revolutionary hero, 
who later became one of the jurists of Vir- 
ginia. The wife of Judge Roane was Ann 
Henry, daughter of Patrick Henry of Vir- 
ginia. The statue of Patrick Henry and the 
portrait of Judge Spencer Roane in the state 
house at Richmond show the important place 
these two patriots held in the early history of 
the Old Dominion. One of the counties in 
what is now West Virginia received its name 
from the Thorpe family. 

P)Orn in Louisville, Ky.. in 1842. Spencer 
Roane Thorpe received his education prin- 
cipally in St. Joseph's College at Bardstown, 
Ky. At the opening of the Civil war. fired 
with an enthusiastic devotion to the land of 
his birth and the home of his ancestors, he 
gave himself to the cause of the south. For 
one year Re served as a member of the Second 
Regiment of Kentucky Infantry. Upon the 
disbanding of that regiment he joined Mor- 
gan's Cavalry, in which he was promoted to 
I;e a lieutenant and later commissioned cap- 
tain. In the battle of Condon, Ind., he was 
three times wounded and left on the field for 
dead. In that way he fell into the hands of 
Federal troops and was sent to a hospital, but 
was soon transferred to Johnson Island, where 
he suffered the fearful hardships of a cold win- 
ter, insufficient nourishment and other priva- 
tions. When released from the island he was 
a physical wreck and never afterward did he 
fully recover from the effects of that time of 

Going to Louisiana and seeking an opening 
for the earning of a livelihood. Mr. Thorpe 
taught school until he was physically and fi- 
nancially able to take up the study of law, 
which he pursued under the preceptorship of 
Judge E. N. Cullom of Marksville. La. After 
having been admitted to the bar he took up 
professional practice and continued in the 
same until he left the south. Meanwhile he 
devoted much time to the acquisition of a thor- 
ough knowledge of the French language, with 



which he became thoroughly conversant. In- 
deed, his command of the language was so per- 
fect that the United States government re- 
tained his services as attorney in all the 
French cases that arose on account of the 
Civil war, and in all of these cases he was 
successful. As soon as he had accumulated 
sufficient money he began to invest in lands 
and city property and became the owner of a 
fine plantation. For some time he was a 
member of the board of trustees of the Louisi- 
ana State University, and for one term he held 
the office of district attorney. 

During 1877 Mr. and Mrs. Thorpe made 
their first trip to the Pacific coast and spent 
six months in California. In 1883 they re- 
turned as permanent residents, settling in San 
Francisco, but in 1886 they removed to Ven- 
tura county and settled three miles east of 
Ventura, buying lands in the Santa Clara val- 
ley that have since become famous. The wal- 
nut grove of one hundred and fifty acres which 
Mr. Thorpe set out and improved is said to 
be the finest orchard of the kind in the entire 
county, and he also owned farms in various 
parts of the valley on both sides of the river. 
In 1889 he established his residence in Los 
Angeles, although afterward he continued to 
spend considerable time in Ventura county in 
the supervision of his extensive landed in- 
terests, and he died on his Moorpark ranch 
September 1, 1905, at the age of sixty-three 
years. Of genial and companionable person- 
ality, he enjoyed intercourse with his fellows 
and maintained a warm interest in the various 
organizations of which he was a member, 
namelv: the Masons, the United Confederate 
Veterans, the Sons of the Revolution and the 
Society of Colonial Wars. 

The marriage of Mr. Thorpe was solemnized 
at Marksville, La.. January 20, 1868, and 
united him with Miss Helena Barbin, who 
was born and reared in that town, and re- 
ceived an excellent education in private 
schools supplemented by study in the Convent 
of Presentation at Marksville. She was one 
of nine children, five of whom survive, she 
being the only member of the family in Cali- 
fornia, Her father, Ludger, the first white 
child born at Marksville, was the son of an 

attorney who was sent to Marksville as the 
judge of the parish. The first member of the 
Barbin family in America came from Paris to 
New Orleans and held a commission from the 
king of France as a custom-house official. The 
mother of Mrs. Thorpe was a native of the 
parish of Avoyelles and bore the maiden name 
of Virginia Goudeau, her father, Julian, being 
an extensive planter of that parish and a de- 
scendant of French ancestors early established 
in New Orleans. Mrs. Barbin died some years 
ago, but the father is still living and now 
makes New Orleans his home. 

Mrs. Thorpe is allied with movements for 
the upbuilding of the race and is also promi- 
nent in social circles and a member of the 
Daughters of the Confederacy. Since the 
death of her husband she has made her home 
in Santa Paula, but spends a considerable por- 
tion of each year in Los Angeles. In her fam- 
ily there are five children, namely : Helena, 
wife of Dr. Edwin J. Riche, of Marksville: 
Andrew Roane, attorney-at-law, of Eureka, 
Cal. : Virginia Roane, wife of Harry L. Dun- 
nigan, of Los Angeles; Spencer Guy, teller of 
the Broadway Bank and Trust Company ; and 
Carlyle. cashier of the Farmers and Merchants 
Bank of Santa Paula. The eldest son received 
his education in St. Vincent's College and 
later entered the dental department of the Uni- 
versity of Michigan, from which he received 
the degree of D. D. S. However, he did not 
take up dental practice, but instead turned his 
attention to the study of law and in due time 
received admission to the bar in San Francisco, 
since which time he has engaged in profes- 
sional work at Eureka, this state, where he 
ranks among the leading members of the pro- 

WILLIAM J. SHERRIFF. Among the citi- 
zens of Los Angeles who have aided materially 
in the city's upbuilding and development during 
the past seven years is William J. Sherriff, a 
successful business man before locating here and 
since his removal to the Pacific coast prominent 
in commercial affairs. Mr. Sherriff first came 
to California in 1887 from his native city, Pitts- 
burg, Pa., where he was born February 20, 1841. 



His father, John H. Sherriff, was born in Law- 
rence county. Pa., where he engaged as a cop- 
persmith and manufacturer until his death. He 
was of Scotch descent, the paternal ancestor be- 
ing one of three brothers who immigrated to this 
country at the time of the Revolutionary war 
and participated in that historic struggle for in- 
dependence, while his son fought gallantly dur- 
ing the war of 1812. Air. SherrifFs mother was 
formerly Sarah McGraw, also a native of Penn- 
sylvania, and the descendant of another old 
Scotch family. Of her three sons and three 
daughters all but one son are now living ; besides 
William J. two sons, Henry Clay and Charles 
F., participated in the Civil war. 

William J. Sherriff was reared to young man- 
hood in Pittsburg, where he attended the public 
schools in pursuit of an education. He learned 
the trade of coppersmith and plumber, but his 
civic pursuits were interrupted by his enlistment 
in 1862 in the One Hundred and Forty-second 
Pennsylvania Infantry, as a private in Company 
I. Following his enlistment he served in the 
Army of the Potomac and participated in the 
battle of Gettysburg, being in the first army corps 
that opened the fight. The first day he was 
wounded three times, twice in the right leg and 
once in the left ; three days later was captured 
and later was retaken by his own regiment. He 
received an honorable discharge in June, 1864, 
being at that time a cripple from the effects of 
his wounds. He returned to Pittsburg and there 
looked after his father's wholesale hardware 
business. In 1865 he succeeded his father in 
business, an enterprise which had been established 
in 1820, and following this he engaged in the 
manufacture of copper, brass and iron goods, 
managing the foundry, machine shops and the 
finishing of the articles. While thus occupied 
Mr. Sherriff patented twenty inventions which 
proved of invaluable help in the manufacture of 
his goods. A little later he organized and in- 
corporated what became known as the J. B. Sher- 
riff Manufacturing Company, with himself as 
president, and he and his father the principal 
stockholders. This enterprise continued under 
his management until 1896, when they sold out. 
In the meantime, in 1887, Mr. Sherriff had come 
to California and becoming interested in the 
country and its future he decided to make this 

place his permanent home. Accordingly, in 1892, 
he established the Keystone Mining & Manu- 
facturing Company at Santa Paula, and while 
looking after the management of this concern he 
also engaged in stock-raising and farming on 
a ranch of two thousand acres in the Santa Clara 
valley. Sixty acres of this ranch were devoted 
to orchards, while he also gave some attention 
to the cultivation of beans. Until 1901 Mr. 
Sherriff continued thus occupied, when he sold 
out his interests with the exception of two hun- 
dred acres which he still owns, and in that year 
he located in Los Angeles. Here he purchased 
land and laid out what is known as Sherriff place, 
situated on Washington street, between Tober- 
man and Union avenues, and which now has 
fifteen residences on it. Besides this he also owns 
other valuable property in this city. He has 
taken a deep interest in other matters of public 
interest, assisting in the organization of the 
National Bank of Commerce, of which he is a 
director, and is likewise identified with the Man- 
hattan Savings Bank, of which he has served as 

In Pittsburg, in 1865, Mr. Sherriff was united 
in marriage with Miss Charlotte M. Seiferheld, 
a native of Ohio; they became the parents of 
one daughter, who died in 1886. They have 
since adopted a daughter, Florence Sherriff. Mr. 
Sherriff is a member of Stanton Post No. 55, G. 
A. R., and politically is a stanch advocate of Re- 
publican principles. He is a member of the 
Christian Giurch and liberally supports all its 
charities. In all his associations Mr. Sherriff 
has proven himself a man of strong character and 
integrity, helpful as a business man in the pros- 
perity of the general community, a practical 
friend to all who enjoy his friendship, and an 
earnest, liberal and public-spirited citizen, whose 
best efforts are always given toward the upbuild- 
ing and development of public interests. 

ED W. HOPKINS. The present county 
assessor of Los Angeles county has made his 
home in the city of Los Angeles for seventeen 
years or more and meanwhile has formed a cir- 
cle of business and social acquaintances extend- 
ing throughout his home city and county. He is 
a native of the middle-west, born in Oskaloosa, 



Mahaska county. Iowa, March 25, 1863, the son 
of Dr. John Y. Hopkins, the latter a native of 
Ohio and the descendent of English antecedents. 
After preparing for the medical profession in his 
native state he became a pioneer physician and 
surgeon in Iowa, locating in Oskaloosa. During 
the Civil war he volunteered his services, becom- 
ing surgeon of the Thirty-third Iowa Infantry. 
Some years after the close of the conflict, in 
1869, he removed from Oskaloosa to Guthrie 
Center, and there continued to follow his pro- 
fession until his death. His marriage united 
him with Miss Mary Needham, she, too, being 
a native of Ohio and the daughter of David 
Needham. Mr. Needham descended from a long 
and noble line of New England ancestors and 
he himself became an early pioneer of Ohio and 
later of Iowa. The mother died in St. Louis, 
Mo., in 1894. 

Seven children were born into the parental 
household and five are still living, as follows : 
F. M. is a resident of Iowa; W. C. is in San 
Francisco ; H. L. is in Los Angeles ; E. W. is 
the present county assessor of Los Angeles coun- 
ty : and C. W. is a physician of this city. Next to 
the youngest of the family, E. W. Hopkins was 
a child of about six years when the family home 
was transferred from Oskaloosa to Guthrie Cen- 
ter, and consequently his education was received 
in the latter place. As a supplement to his com- 
mon-school training he took a course in Simp- 
son College at Indianola, later returning to 
Guthrie Center to devote his attention to the 
study of law. He passed a creditable examina- 
tion and was admitted to the bar in 1887. For 
two years he practiced his profession in Seward 
county, Kans., and in 1889 he went to Portland, 
Ore., remaining there until 1891, when he came 
to Los Angeles, which has since been his home 
and the scene of his activities. Four years after 
locating here, in 1895, he was appointed a deputy 
county assessor and continued in the capacity of 
a deputy in the assessor's, auditor's and collec- 
tor's offices for Los Angeles county up to tin- 
year 1903, when his efforts were concentrated 
as deputy assessor, and in January, 1907, he was 
made chief deputy. After the death of Ben E. 
Ward he was appointed by the county board of 
supervisors to the office of county assessor, his 
appointment bearing date September 4, 1907. 

Mr. Hopkins' marriage, which occurred in 
Los Angeles, united him with Miss Martha Mc- 
Yicker, a native of Ohio, and six children have 
been born to them. Decidedly Republican in his 
political opinions, Mr. Hopkins has always given 
his support to the principles of the party which 
he supports, and for years has been prominent in 
local affairs, and has served as a member of the 
Republican county central committee. His 
father's service in the Civil war makes him eli- 
gible to the order of Sons of Veterans, and his 
name is enrolled among the members of that 
society. Throughout his career as a public offi- 
cial Mr. Hopkins has won a host of friends on 
account of his unswerving devotion to his duty 
and honesty of purpose, and all who know him 
admire him for his pleasing personality. 

CHARLES M. PARKER. A man of ability 
and integrity, enterprising and practical, Charles 
M. Parker is well known in the business circles 
of Pasadena, with whose changing fortunes he 
is well acquainted, his residence here dating back 
to the year 1885. The fact that he had faith to 
believe in the final supremacy of the settlement 
of that day is proof positive of the possession of 
an optimistic and persevering nature, to which, 
more than to any other one quality, his success 
may be attributed. 

Charles M. Parker is a native of the rugged 
state of Maine, born in Jay, Franklin county, 
November 17, 1843, the son of parents who knew 
the value of an education and hence gave their 
son every opportunity in that direction which it 
was in their power to bestow. His primary edu- 
cation was gained in the schools of his home 
town, and from there he went to Kent's Hill, 
Kennebec county, Me., and matriculated as a stu- 
dent in the Maine Wesleyan Seminary and Fe- 
male College, and later attended AVesleyan Uni- 
versity of Middletown, Conn., from which latter 
institution he was graduated in 1868. There- 
after he put his scholastic training to use by 
taking up the teacher's profession, for a time be- 
ing an instructor in Kent's Hill, Me., and from 
there going to the Wesleyan Female College at 
Cincinnati, Ohio. Returning to the New Eng- 
land states from there, for fifteen years there- 
after he was professor of Latin in the Wesleyan 




Academy at Wilbraham, Mass. It was at the 
close of his term in this latter institution that 
he came to the Pacific coast country and took up 
work of a very different nature and in surround- 
ings that in comparison to the established condi- 
tions in the east were new and untried. Settling 
in Pasadena when it was comparatively a small 
town, he soon discerned the great possibilities 
offered by the place and its surroundings and at 
once began the work of promoting enterprises of 
the greatest public utility. Among these may be 
mentioned the Lake Vineyard Land and Water 
Company, which was organized in 1883 by a 
number of public spirited citizens, and which was 
incorporated the following year for $250,000. 
For nearly a score of years past its officers have 
been : Giarles M. Parker, president ; George A. 
Durrell. secretary ; the San Gabriel Bank acting 
as treasurer; while the directors are J. N. Allin, 
James Clarke, C. C. Brown, E. H. Royce. F. D. 
Stevens, and William R. Staats. The Lake 
Vineyard Land and Water Company supplies 
water for irrigation and domestic use to a large 
territory, including the greater portion of the 
citv east of Fair Oaks and south of Mountain 
street. Besides his important position as presi- 
dent of the latter company Mr. Parker is also a 
director and stockholder in the First National 
Bank of Pasadena, director and stockholder in 
the Pasadena Grocery Company, and is interested 
in other business enterprises in the city also. 
Considering his keen interest in matters of edu- 
cation it is but natural to find him a member of 
the school board of Pasadena, and in that body 
his ideas are w r ell received and have considerable 
weight with his co-laborers. He is also a mem- 
ber of the board of trustees of the First Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church, of which he is a member, 
and was the first president of the local Y. M. C. 

August 17. 1S71, Mr. Parker was married to 
Miss Mary E. Hatch, like himself a native of 
Maine, her birth occurring in Sanford, York 
county. Mrs. Parker's father, Stephen Hatch, 
was descended from an old established New Eng- 
land family, and he himself was a well-known 
figure in the town of Sanford. Four children, 
three daughters and one son, have blessed the 
marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Parker, as follows : 
Emma E., Mary M., Edith B. and Carl H. All 

are well educated and are graduates of Pomona 
College. The son is preparing for a profession- 
al career and is now a student in Rush Medical 
College, Chicago. 111. With their three daughters 
Mr. and Mrs. Parker form a happy home circle, 
and in their pleasant residence at No. 476 South 
Los Robles avenue they entertain their many 
friends in a royal and hospitable manner. Be- 
sides his association with the Lake Vineyard 
Land and Water Company for the past sixteen 
years many other enterprises have benefited by 
Mr. Parker's clear and penetrating judgment, 
nowhere more essential, perhaps, than in settling 
up estates, and as executor or administrator his 
services have been of inestimable value upon a 
number of occasions. Apart from his business 
capability Mr. Parker is admired for his fine 
personality, for in him is found that strong 
mental and moral timber which, more than any 
other agency, has contributed its telling strokes 
toward the supremacy of the state of California. 

JOHN HENDERSON The mining inter- 
ests of the southwest have in John Henderson, 
one of its most successful advocates, for with- 
out means he began life and is now comfort- 
ably established and secure in the possession 
of that competence which is the aim of every 
man. Mr. Henderson inherits the sterling 
traits of character which have distinguished 
his career, being a native of Scotland, born in 
the city of Edinburgh February 17, 1856. He 
was the fifth son in the family of his parents, 
Alexander and Katherine (McGuire) Hender- 
son, and grandson of Morris Henderson; the 
two elder men engaged in the coal mines of 
Scotland throughout their entire active lives. 
The father, now quite advanced in years, is 
visiting his son in Pasadena, the mother hav- 
ing died in 1899 m Mexico. 

John Henderson was educated in the com- 
mon schools of Scotland and later attended 
the South Sidney Academy in Canada, where 
his parents had located. After leaving school 
he engaged in the copper mines of Newfound- 
land for the period of four years, when he 
came to the United States, and in Tucson, 
Ariz., engaged in the gold and copper mines 
of that section. In 18S5 he went to Sonora, 



Mexico, and became actively identified with 
several of the most prominent companies ope- 
rating in that section, and at present is act- 
ing as a stockholder and general manager in 
four companies, namely : the Porvenir de So- 
nora, S. A., the Reina de Cobre, S. A., the San 
Felipe Mining Company and the El Oro. He 
is also interested in the internal development 
of the southwest and is actively associated 
with the new railroad, Arizona and Gulf, he 
having secured the concession for the build- 
ing of same. 

In 1S82 Mr. Henderson married Miss Eliza- 
beth B. Marshall, of Newfoundland, and they 
are now residing at No. 335 South Los Robles. 
in a handsome residence modern in all its ap- 
pointments. They are the parents of the fol- 
lowing children: John R., Alexander, Mary 
S., Harry S., Florence Elena, Louise H. and 
Lawrence M. Mr. Henderson is esteemed as 
a citizen and ranked among the progressive 
spirits of Pasadena. 

ter of a century has passed since Mr. Frey located 
in the city of Los Angeles and during that time 
he has witnessed and participated in the wonder- 
ful development which has marked this beautiful 
southern city. A native of the middle west, Mr. 
Frey was born in Battle Creek, Mich., February 
22, 1846. Two brothers served in the Civil war 
— Andrew, in the United States navy, aboard the 
flagship Black Hawk, and James in Company C, 
Second Regiment Michigan Infantry, the latter 
being wounded and captured at Fort Saunders 
and spending eighteen months in Confederate 
prisons. He now resides in East Leroy. Mich. 
Their father, Joseph Frey, was born in Switzer- 
land, and in young manhood he immigrated to 
America and located in West Alexandria, Ohio, 
thence going to Michigan, where he was one of 
the early pioneer settlers. 

Joseph Washington Frey was reared in Michi- 
gan and educated in the public and high schools of 
Battle Creek, after which he attended Albion Col- 
lege. Although only a hoy he volunteered twice 
for service during the Civil war and was rejected 
both times. Reared in an atmosphere of business 
affairs, it was natural that he should seek this 

work for his first independent employment, ac- 
cepting a position as traveling salesman for Burn- 
ham & Co., of Battle Creek. This took him 
throughout all the states east of the Mississippi 
river and added immeasurably to his business 
training. In Battle Creek he engaged in the 
manufacture of furniture for nine years, mak- 
ing a specialty of manufacturing tables. In 
1883 he decided to make a change of location and 
accordingly sold out his interests in Battle Creek 
and came at ence to the Pacific coast, establish- 
ing himself in Los Angeles, which was then a 
city of twelve thousand inhabitants. He began 
work as a manufacturer of mantels and as a 
carver in wood, his being the first business of the 
kind in Southern California and the second on 
the coast. He established his business first at 
Kerckhoff & Cuzner's mills, and later removed to 
a location on North Main street, near the Plaza, 
and here he conducted a constantly increasing 
business for sixteen years. In his work Mr. Frey 
has shown the sagacity and unerring judgment of 
a successful business man, believing firmly in the 
future of the city in which he located so many 
years ago, and at a time when there was absolutely 
no promise of its coming prosperity. He has used 
California woods in the manufacture of mantels, 
thus utilizing home products anil encouraging 
home industries to such an extent that he is justly 
named among the leading manufacturers of the 
city and one of the men to whom much credit 
is due for the promotion of such upbuilding en- 
terprises. Besides manufacturing and selling his 
own goods, he imports carved mantels from 1 taly 
and France. He continued to build up his busi- 
ness, finally locating on South Broadway between 
Fifth and Sixth streets, where he had both 
factory and store for about eight years, and then 
in 1903 he built a factory on Los Angeles street 
near Twelfth, a brick building 50x150 feet in 
dimensions and two stories in height, and here 
he turns out the finest work of the kind in South- 
ern California, having furnished ninety per cent 
of the best houses in Southern California with 

Mr. Frev was one of the men who assisted in 
the organization of one of the greatest develop- 
ing influences of Los Angeles — the Chamber of 
Commerce, — and he has since remained a stanch 
supporting member. From the time of its or- 





ganization up to within a brief time he was also 
an active member of the Merchants & Manu- 
facturers Association. He has not allowed his 
business occupations, however, to so engross his 
attention that he has found no time for pleasure 
pursuits, and for eighteen years he has been a 
member of the Recreation Gun Club, of which 
he is now acting as commissary. Politically he is 
a stanch advocate of the tenets of the Republican 

FRANK WALKER. The industrial calen- 
dar of Los Angeles contains the name of no 
citizen whose abilities have resulted in more 
lasting good to the city than that of Frank- 
Walker, who, since early manhood, has found 
an outlet for his unusual adaptability in sev- 
eral avenues of activity throughout the west, 
aside from his chosen occupation of building. 
He is the son of Francis and Elizabeth (Hud- 
son) Walker, who were hardy pioneers of 
Canada and who reared six boys to years of 
usefulness, Frank Walker being the youngest 
of the family and the only one in California. 
Born on March 2<j. 1843, within eighteen miles 
of Niagara Falls, Mr. Walker is a native of 
the town of Kincardine, Canada West, where 
he spent his childhood and young manhood, 
but the greater portion of his life since he 
was twenty years of age has been passed in 
business activities west of or in the Rocky 
mountain districts. 

The year 1864 witnessed the arrival of Mr. 
Walker in California, the journey west being 
accomplished via Panama, on the steamer 
Ocean Queen to Aspinwall. and aboard the 
Golden Age to San Francisco, arriving in the 
latter city May 7, twenty-four days after leav- 
ing New York City. Soon after coming to this 
state he went to Eureka. Humboldt county, 
and engaged in lumbering for a time, after- 
wards going to Big Bend, near the headwaters 
of the Columbia river in British Columbia, but 
filled with the desire to see more of the coun- 
try, he went to Idaho, where he helped to 
build the first mill on the famous Poor Man 
mining claim at Silver City, and later had 
charge of mills on the Carson river in Nevada 
for about three years. In 1870 'he returned to 

San Francisco and engaged in building and 
contracting, three years later changing his loca- 
tion to Santa Barbara, where he erected some 
of the first brick blocks in that town. Among 
the buildings he erected in Santa Barbara may 
be mentioned the Odd Fellows' building, the 
city hall, the Stearns building, and many pri- 
vate residences. Fie also constructed the first 
street railway in Santa Barbara, that from the 
wharf to the Arlington hotel. Journeying to 
Old Mexico in 1879 in search of more prolific 
fields, Mr. Walker engaged in mining in San 
Antonio and also built and operated a mill for 
the San Antonio Mining and Milling Com- 
pany. Not content, however, with Mexico as 
a permanent abiding place, he removed to 
Tombstone, Ariz., a year later, where he be- 
came prominent in the upbuilding of this then 
wild mining center, building the first water 
works in the town, furnishing plans for and 
taking charge of the construction of the court 
house, one of the finest in the territory, and 
the city hall. He erected numerous business 
houses and furnished the architectural plans 
for several other buildings, both public and 

Led by climatic as well as business consid- 
erations to cast his lot with the people of Los 
Angeles, he became identified with this city in 
1885 and engaged in building and contracting 
until 180.2. meeting with fair success, and at 
the end of that time removed to San Francisco, 
where he remained five years. Returning to 
Los Angeles, where he has since been located, 
he looked after his previously acquired inter- 
ests here and continued in the general con- 
tracting and building business. Mr. Walker 
has erected many residences and flats in dif- 
ferent parts of the city, though his activities 
have by no means been confined to this one 
line of business. He patented the solar heater, 
that device used so extensively in Southern 
California, and which has proved such a con- 
venience and comfort to so many families. 
This solar heater is manufactured by the Cali- 
fornia Water Heater Company of Los Angeles. 

Mr. Walker has one son. Frank H., whose 
birth occurred in Santa Barbara. He received 
his education in Stanford University, and is 
now engaged in the wholesale handling of 



stoves and ranges in San Francisco. He was 
formerly private secretary to the president and 
general manager of the Frisco Road, with 
headquarters in St. Louis, Mo. Up to 1895 
Mr. Walker shewed commendable activity in 
the Republican party, in the principles and 
issues of which he then had great faith, but 
undergoing a change in his political views, he 
later affiliated with the Democrats, by which 
party he was elected to the city council in 
1900 as representative of the Third ward, tak- 
ing his oath of office in January of that year. 
He has also been chairman of the zanja com- 
mittee, a member of the land committee, and 
of the water supply committee. Of late years 
Mr. Walker has affiliated with no political 
party, preferring to be independent in politics. 
He is a member of the Chamber of Commerce, 
the Los Angeles Pioneers, and is associated 
with the Santa Barbara lodge and chapter of 
Masons, and the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, both lodge and encampment. Per- 
sonally he is a man of sound commercial 
astuteness, irreproachable integrity, esteemed 
by all who know him and occupies a promi- 
nent place as a citizen. While in the council 
he opposed and was the means of preventing 
the street railway corporations from getting 
the celebrated freight-carrying franchise, 
which would have allowed freight cars to run 
on some of the principal streets of the city. 

JOHN LANG. One of the old settlers and 
prominent pioneers of Los Angeles was John 
Lang, whose death, December 9, 1900, removed 
from the community a practical and helpful citi- 
zen whose best efforts had always been given fi >r 
the upbuilding and development of the city and 
section. He was a native of England, his birth 
having occurred in Devonshire December 9, 
1826. He received his education through the 
medium of the common schools, after which he 
learned the trade of blacksmith. The discovery 
of gold in California led to his immigration to 
the state in 1840, but after spending a year there 
went to Australia. After a short stay in the lat- 
ter cotmtrj be returned to California, and from 
here went to < Iregon, where he participated in 
the Rogue River Indian war. A trip to Cali- 

fornia was followed by a time spent in the mines 
of the Fraser river, when he again returned to 
California and engaged in placer mining. He 
was last located in this occupation at Caribou 
mines, and there he established a hardware busi- 
ness, with blacksmithy attached, besides hand- 
ling wagon makers' supplies. 

While a resident of British Columbia, in Vic- 
toria, in 1866. Mr. Lang married Mrs. Rosina 
Everhardt, who was born in Stuttgart, Germany. 
She came to California in i860, having come with 
a sister. Mrs. Louisa Messer, to New York City 
In 1854. She made the trip to the Pacific coast 
by way of the Isthmus of Panama and upon her 
arrival in San Francisco was there married to 
Joseph Everhardt. He was also a native of Ger- 
many, born in Kur-Hessen ; in young manhood 
he immigrated to America and in New York City 
established one of the finest restaurants of that 
day. In 1849 l ie came to San Francisco, where 
he opened the first restaurant, after which he con- 
ducted the Russ Garden restaurant in that city. 
Coming to Los Angeles in 1854 he conducted the 
Ballonia hotel — the first of this city, and was 
then proprietor of the La Fayette hotel until 
i860, when he sold out and returned to San 
Francisco. After his marriage there in i860 he 
went to Sonoma, bought and ran the Sonoma 
hotel for one year, then went to Victoria. British 
Columbia, where he conducted the hostlery 
known as the Everhardt hotel until his death, 
which occurred in 1864. They had two sons, 
Louis, of Portland, Ore., and Joseph, who died 
in Victoria. 

Until 1872 Mr. Lang continued engaged in 
the mining business, and then came to Los An- 
geles and purchased nine acres of raw land, 
located on Twelfth between San Pedro and Main 
streets, and at once began its improvement by 
setting out an orchard. This property was later 
sold as a ranch, but other property which he pur- 
chased at that time has since become valuable in 
their possession as business blocks. Among 
these was a lot on South Broadway, extending 
from Broadway to Hill, a depth of sixty feet. 
This Mrs. Lang sold in December, 1906, on Hill 
street for $120,000, while she still retains the 
frontage on Broadway, where she built a cottage 
in 1N72. They also owned property on Main 
street and on South Spring, where she put up the 

£&*U&& t ffitL<J>U 



Wilcox annex a few years after her husband's 
death. Mr. Lang was always prominent in the 
development of the city in which he made his 
home, was very liberal in all his dealings, was 
public-spirited in every way, and all in all was 
accounted one of the foremost citizens of Los 
Angeles. He was a member of the California 
Pioneers in San Francisco, and in religion at- 
tended the Unitarian Church, of which his wife 
is a devoted member. Mr. Lang was very strict 
in his adherence to the highest principles of life, 
was possessed of unswerving integrity, and was 
justly esteemed among those who knew him best. 
Besides his wife, who resides at No. 915 South 
Alvarado street, he left two sons, Albert George, 
a graduate of the high school of Los Angeles 
and University of California, and now a whole- 
sale commission merchant of San Francisco ; and 
Gustav John, a diamond setter in Chicago until 
his father's death, when he returned to Southern 
California to look after the interests of the fam- 
ily. Mrs. Lang is prominent socially and in re- 
ligious affairs, and as an officer in the German 
Benevolent Society assists materially in the ad- 
vancement of those interests. She takes a keen 
interest in the development of Los Angeles and 
has a firm faith in its future progress and ad- 

To be descended from ancestors who assisted 
in the establishment of American independence 
and in framing the laws that became the foun- 
dation of the new national life, is a distinc- 
tion of which any true patriot may be justly 
proud. To the prestige of such ancestry Dr. 
Follansbee has added the honors of a broad 
and liberal professional education and as- 
sured success, so that both by reason of dis- 
tinguished lineage and personal prominence 
she is entitled to the influential position she 
occupies in the citizenship of Los Angeles. 
The line of her maternal genealogy is traced 
back to that gallant soldier of the army of 
patriots, Col. William Mackintosh, whose his- 
tory with the record of his brave services is 
preserved in the archives of the State House 
at Boston. Born at Dedham, Norfolk county, 
Mass., June 17, 1722, Colonel Mackintosh was 

a son of William and Johanna (Lyon) Mac- 
kintosh, and a grandson of William and Ex- 
perience Mackintosh. His public service be- 
gan during the French war, and he was pres- 
ent at Crown Point, Lake Champlain and 
Lake George, receiving a commission as en- 
sign September 9, 1755, at Lake George. Dur- 
ing the war, and in recognition of his faithful 
services, he was promoted to be first lieuten- 
ant, the commission to the office bearing date 
of March 13, 1758. At the expiration of the 
war he returned to his home. 

Some years afterward, when the struggle 
with England commenced, Lieutenant Mac- 
kintosh was qualified by experience in mili- 
tary tactics to be of distinct service to his 
adopted country, whose cause he espoused 
with all the ardor of his enthusiastic nature. 
The memorable engagements at Lexington, 
Concord and Bunker Hill gave him his first 
baptism of blood in the cause of independence. 
With his sons he was present at Dorchester 
Heights. On the same night there were pres- 
ent, with their horses and oxen, Dr. Follans- 
bee's great-great-grandfather, Henry Dewing, 
Esq., with his sons, and another great-great- 
grandfather, James Tucker, Esq., also accom- 
panied by his sons. On the 14th of February, 
1776, by the council of the state of Massa- 
chusetts, Lieutenant Mackintosh was appoint- 
ed colonel of the first regiment of militia in 
the county of Suffolk. Under this appointment 
he went into the army and was engaged in 
many of the important battles of the Revolu- 
tion. By General Washington he was desig- 
nated as "an efficient officer and a brave man." 
Hanging in the library of Charles Gideon 
Mackintosh of Peabody, Mass., an uncle of 
Dr. Follansbee, is a personal letter from the 
General to Colonel Mackintosh. 

But it was not only in the field that Col- 
one! Mackintosh rendered valuable service to 
the country. In 1779 he was a member of the 
convention which framed the constitution of 
the commonwealth of Massachusetts, and in 
1788 he was a member of the convention that 
framed the constitution of the United States. 
After an unusually active and influential ca- 
reer he passed into eternity January 3, 1813, 
at his home in Needham, Mass. It had been: 



his privilege to participate in two of the early 
wars of our country and to contribute to the 
glory of American arms. When the second 
struggle with England arose he was an aged 
man, no longer able to endure the vicissitudes 
of the camp and the battlefield, and death came 
to him ere his country had gained its second 
victory in the conflict with the mother coun- 

The line of descent is traced through Col- 
onel Mackintosh and his wife, Abigail Whit- 
ing, to their son, Gideon, who married Me- 
hitable Dewing. Their son, Gideon, Jr., mar- 
ried Nancy Sherman, and among their chil- 
dren was a daughter, Nancy Sherman Mac- 
kintosh, who became the wife of Capt. Alonzo 
Follansbee. The Sherman ancestry is dis- 
tinguished in the annals of New England, and 
is traced to England, where Dedham, Essex, 
was the seat of the family even before the 
opening years of the sixteenth century. There 
Edmond Sherman founded a school, Sher- 
man Hall, which is still in existence. In the 
same town there stands a church that was 
"restored" by a friend of Edmond about the 
same time that the latter built, endowed and 
presented to the town the hall above-men- 
tioned. One of the conspicuous adornments 
of the church is a stained-glass memorial win- 
dow dedicated to Edmond. By his second 
wife, Anne Cleve, Edmond Sherman had sev- 
eral sons, from one of whom the present Earl 
of Rosebery is descended. 

Another member of the family, John, had a 
son of the same name, who about 1634 emi- 
grated from England to the new world with 
his cousins, Rev. John and Samuel Sherman. 
The last-named was the ancestor of Gen. Will- 
iam Tecumseh Sherman and United States 
Senator John Sherman. John, the ancestor 
of Roger Sherman, served as a captain of the 
militia. In 1635 he settled at Watertown, 
Mass., with his wife, Martha, daughter of 
Roger Palmer, of Long Sutton, Southampton, 
England. The lands granted him were ad- 
jacent to those owned by the ancestors of 
President Garfield. He was a surveyor as 
well as a farmer and aided Governor Win- 
throp in fixing the northern boundary of Mas- 
sachusetts. For a time he served as clerk of 

Watertown, which he also represented in the 
general court, and in addition he held the office 
of steward of Harvard College. His son, Jo- 
seph, married Elizabeth, daughter of Lieut. 
Edward Winship, of Cambridge. Born of 
their union were eleven children, the ninth 
being William, father of Roger Sherman. 
Soon after his marriage to Mehitabel Well- 
ington he removed to Newton, Mass., and from 
there to what is now Canton, Norfolk county 
(then a part of Stoughton). The record shows 
that their marriage was solemnized at Water- 
town, Mass., September 3, 1715 ; the bride, 
who was his second wife, was a daughter of 
Benjamin Wellington, Esq., of that place, and 
was baptized March 4, 1688. While they were 
residing at Newton, Middlesex county, their 
son, Roger, was born April 19, 1721, he being 
the third child of their union. 

In Roger Sherman the earlier generations 
of the family had their most distinguished rep- 
resentative. Mention of his service as jurist 
and statesman appears in numerous historical 
works, among them being Lamb's Biographi- 
cal Dictionary, the National Cyclopedia of 
American Biography, Universal Cyclopedia, 
Genealogical Dictionary of New England, 
Town Records of Stoughton (Canton), Mass., 
also those of Watertown and Milton. Dur- 
ing 1743 Roger Sherman moved to New Mil- 
ford, Conn., and in June, 1761, became a resi- 
dent of New Haven, that state, where he died 
July 23. 1793. His public service began in 
1755, when he represented New Milford, 
Conn., in the general assembly, to which po- 
sition he was later again elected, serving from 
1758 to 17(11. In 1764 he was elected to rep- 
resent New Haven in the legislature, and two 
years later he was honored by being chosen as 
a member of the senate, serving as such until 
1785. Meanwhile he was a judge of the su- 
perior court from 1766 until 1789. His activity 
as a patriot began with the effort of the 
crown to enforce the stamp act, which he op- 
posed with all the energy of his forceful mind. 
On the repeal of the act in 1766 he was a 
member of the committee of three appointed by 
the legislature to prepare an address of thanks 
to the king. In 1774 he was chosen a mem- 



ber of the committee to consider the claims of 
the settlers near the Susquehanna river. From 
1774 to 1 78 1 he was a delegate from Connec- 
ticut to the Continental Congress, also in 
1783-84. serving on the most important com- 
mittees. With Jefferson, Adams, Franklin 
and Livingston, he was chosen, June 11, 1776, 
to draft the Declaration of Independence, of 
which he was one of the signers. He assisted 
in preparing the Articles of Confederation 
and those of the Connecticut Council of Safe- 
ty in 1777-79. The convention of 1787, of 
which he was a member, became famous for 
its Connecticut Compromise, and all histor- 
ians agree that Mr. Sherman was solely re- 
sponsible for that plan of action, by which 
was made possible a union of the states, also 
a national government. Roger Sherman was 
the only delegate in the Continental Congress 
who signed all of the four great state papers 
which were signed by all of the delegates of 
all of the colonies, namely: the Declaration of 
1774, the Declaration of Independence, the 
Articles of Confederation and the Federal 
Constitution. Together with Judge Richard 
Long he revised the statute laws of Connecti- 
cut in 1783. To prevent a Tory from becom- 
ing mayor of New Haven, he was chosen the 
first incumbent of that office in the. city and 
continued in the office until his death, also 
was serving as senator when he passed from 
life's activities. From 1765 until 1776 he held 
office as treasurer of Yale College, from which 
institution in 1768 he received the degree of 
Master of Arts. 

In the town of Stoughton (now Canton), 
Mass., Roger Sherman was united in marriage 
by Rev. Samuel Dunbar with Elizabeth Hart- 
well, eldest daughter of Deacon Joseph Hart- 
well of Stoughton. Her death occurred in 
New Haven, Conn., October 19, 1760. The 
eldest son of the union, Capt. John Sherman, 
was born in New Milford, Conn., September 
5, 1750: married at Milton, Mass., October 7, 
1793, Annie Tucker, daughter of James 
Tucker, Esq., and a native of Milton, born 
September 27, 1763. The captain died at Can- 
ton, Mass., August 8, 1802. Among his chil- 
dren was a daughter, Nancy, who was born 
at Canton, Mass., November 28, 1794, and 

died in the same town September 19, 1836. 
In her home town, November 5, 1812, she was 
united in marriage with Gideon Mackintosh, 
Jr., who was born May 13, 1789, and died 
September 19, 1859. Their daughter, who bore 
her mother's name, was born at Canton, July 
10, 1813, and is still living, making her home 
at Dedham, Mass. Nancy Sherman Mackin- 
tosh became the wife of Capt. Alonzo Follans- 
bee at Canton, Mass., October 2^, 1836. The 
captain was born at Pittston, Me., August 19, 
1809, and died January 6. 1857. Born in Pitts- 
ton, Me., Elizabeth Ann Follansbee was taken 
to Brooklyn, N. Y., by her parents, where 
they resided until the death of her father. For 
four years she spent her time abroad in school, 
and after her return continued her studies in 
Boston. For a time she taught in the Green 
Mountain Institute and later in Hillside Sem- 
inary at Montclair, N. J., but resigned her 
work in the east on account of delicate health. 
Coming to California in 1873 she taught in 
Napa City, studied for one term in the Uni- 
versity of California, and then matriculated 
in the medical department of the University 
of Michigan. Just prior to the date of her 
graduation she accepted a position as interne 
in the New England Hospital for Women and 
Children in Boston. In 1S77 she was gradu- 
ated from the Woman's Medical College of 
Philadelphia and won the prize of $50 for the 
best essay of the graduating class, her sub- 
ject being "Review of Medical Progress." 

After her graduation Dr. Follansbee began 
to practice in San Francisco, but was obliged 
by reason of health to seek a different climate, 
and in February, 1883, came to Los Angeles, 
where under the influence of a beneficent cli- 
mate she was soon restored to strength and 
entered actively upon professional work. Upon 
the organization of the medical department of 
the University of California she was called to 
the chair of diseases of children, in which 
specialty she has won a widely extended repu- 
tation. Organizations connected with the pro- 
fession enlist her warm interest, and she has 
been actively associated with the Los Angeles 
Countv, Southern California, California State 
and American Medical Associations. While 
her chosen profession has commanded her time 



and strength, it has not done so to the exclu- 
sion of other avenues of mental activity ; on 
the other hand, she is familiar, to an unusual 
extent, with literature and art. She has given 
deserved honor to her ancestors through her 
association with the Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution and the Colonial Dames of the 
State of Connecticut. 

DAVID H. REYNOLDS. Since taking up 
his residence in Pasadena Mr. Reynolds has sub- 
stantially impressed his merit upon the com- 
munity and as one of the settlers of the early 
'80s has naturally witnessed many changes, and 
has contributed in no slight degree to the well- 
being of his surroundings. 

A native of Pennsylvania, he was born near 
Hollidaysburg, Blair county, January 18, 1852, 
and is a son of Holliday and Nancy (Sneath) 
Reynolds, they too being natives of Pennsylvania. 
The father died when he was two years of age, 
and his mother subsequently became the wife of 
Henry H. Visscher, but his death in 1900 left 
her a widow a second time, and she now resides 
in Pasadena with her son David H., she hav- 
ing settled here in 1882. Mr. Reynolds' oppor- 
tunities for acquiring an education were of the 
meager sort, and at first consisted of common- 
school privileges only, such as were provided 
in Nebraska as early as 1858, his parents having 
removed to that frontier state when he was a 
child of seven years. The instruction of the 
early subscription school left much to be desired 
and those who were ambitious sought other ways 
of increasing their information. Among this 
number was Mr. Reynolds, who was later privi- 
leged to attend Russell's military school at New 
Haven, Conn., pursuing his studies there for 
some time. 

Upon leaving school and returning to the west 
Mr. Reynolds once more took up life in Ne- 
braska, engaging in the cattle business on the 
North Platte river, an undertaking in which he 
met with success from the first, and which con- 
tinued as long as he remained in the business in 
that location. In 1875 ne disposed of the greater 
part of his cattle in that state and transferred 
his interests to the adjoining state on the west, 
Wyoming, where for some time he was con- 

nected with an English company engaged in the 
cattle business. His business associations with 
the latter company were mutually pleasant and 
profitable and existed for about nine years, or 
until 1884, in which year he severed his connec- 
tions with the company and has since made his 
home in Pasadena. He has never married, and 
now resides with his mother. They have a very 
pleasant and commodious residence at No. 289 
South Madison street, which they own, besides 
which they have other valuable property in the 
city. Mr. Reynolds' efforts as a cattle raiser in 
Nebraska and his later efforts in Wyoming were 
fortunate financially, so much so in fact that since 
coming to California he has not engaged in any 
active business, his time being occupied in look- 
ing after his real-estate holdings. 

D. D. The superintendent and a trustee of the 
Hollenbeck Home for the Aged, Rev. William S. 
Young, was born on a farm near Parkersburg, 
Chester county, Pa., July 11, 1859. He received 
his early education in the public schools of his 
home town, later attending Parkersburg Classi- 
cal Institute, West Philadelphia Academy, West 
Chester State Normal School, and in June, 1876, 
entered Lafayette College at Easton, Pa., grad- 
uating from the classical course of that institu- 
tion in 1880. Subsequently he entered upon a 
course in Union Theological Seminary, New 
York City, graduating from the same in 1883. 

During the year last mentioned (May 11, 
1883) Mr. Young formed domestic ties by his 
marriage with Miss H. Jannette Lewis. From 
July of that year until November, 1884, he en- 
gaged in home missionary work in Turner and 
other small towns near Salem, Ore. The ill- 
health of his wife, however, made a change of 
climate necessary, and November 15, 1884, he 
arrived in Los Angeles, where Mrs. Young 
passed away October 26, 1887. In 1884 Mr. 
Young took charge of the Presbyterian church 
at Glendale, and at the same time organized the 
work of the Boyle Heights Presbyterian Giurch 
of Los Angeles. After one year of divided ef- 
forts he discontinued the Glendale charge and 
gave all of his time to the Boyle Heights Church, 
continuing there until 1896, during which time 




two church buildings and the manse were erected. 
From 1896 until January, 1907, was spent in or- 
ganized work, developing and building up Knox 
Presbyterian Church of Los Angeles. 

In the meantime, in November, 1906, Mr. 
Young accepted the superintendency of the Hol- 
lenbeck Home for the Aged, of which he has 
been trustee since 1902. For many years he has 
been identified with the broader church exten- 
sion work of his denomination. September 11, 
1890, he was elected permanent clerk of the 
presbytery of Los Angeles for a term of three 
years, and again, on April 14, 1897, he was 
elected to the same position, which he held until 
September 2j, 1899. At tnat time he was 
elected stated clerk, a position which he has con- 
tinued to hold up to the present time. Since 
1892 he has also been stated clerk of the synod 
of California. Mr. Young has also been greatly- 
interested in higher education, and he it was who 
called the first meeting which resulted in the or- 
ganization of Occidental College of Los Angeles, 
from the organization of which he has been a 
member of the board of trustees and the secre- 
tary of the board. In the year between Dr. G. 
W. Wadsworth and Dr. John Willis Baer he 
filled by appointment of the board of trustees the 
office of president pro tern of the institution. 
During this time he was permitted to see the suc- 
cessful consummation of the effort to provide 
the first block of $200,000 endowment on the 
scheme of the reverse bond, of which he was 
the author, and the chairman of the endowment 
committee. , 

Mr. Young received the honorary degree of 
doctor of divinity from Wabash College, Indiana, 
in 1902. On June 25, 1889, he was married to 
Miss C. Adele Nichols, who was graduated in 
1882 from Mount Holyoke College, and at the 
time was teaching in the Los Angeles city 
schools. Dr. and Mrs. Young have traveled ex- 
tensively in this country and abroad. Five chil- 
dren have been born of their marriage. 

WALTER F. HAAS, one of the most prom- 
inent attorneys in the city of Los Angeles at 
the present time, has for the past ten years 
been so closely identified with the official life 

of the city, and so instrumental in the settling 
of its important legal cases, that it would be 
impossible to write a civil history of the city 
without frequent mention of his name. Early 
trained in matters political by a father, who 
was prominent in Missouri politics, he is well 
versed in the tenets of the Republican party, 
with which he has always affiliated, and his 
comprehensive education and experience in the 
expounding of law gives to his opinions on 
legal and economic subjects particular weight. 
While he has efficiently filled the office of city 
attorney for one term, his preferences are for 
the regular practice of his profession, so he 
declined a renomination and since his retire- 
ment from the office has become more promi- 
nent than before. 

As his name indicates, Mr. Haas is of Ger- 
man descent. His grandfather, who was born 
in Landau, Palatinate, Germany, was a suc- 
cessful business man and at one time mayor of 
his native town ; he came to America in 1845, 
settled in St. Louis, Mo., and died there. His 
father, John B. Haas, was also born in Ger- 
many, and was brought with the rest of the 
family to St. Louis in 1845. He engaged in 
mercantile pursuits there for a time, and in 
1853 crossed the plains by ox-team to Eldo- 
rado county, Cal., where he engaged in mining 
and merchandising. He contracted mountain 
fever, however, and returned to Missouri in 
1868, married Miss Lena Bruere of St. Charles, 
then settled at California, Mo., where the son, 
Walter F., was born in 1869. The mother was 
a daughter of Jean Bruere, a native of Co- 
logne, and a member of an old French Hugue- 
not family, who owned large shipyards at 
Cologne. Mr. Haas, the father of our subject, 
was greatly interested in political affairs in 
his state and was a member of the Missouri 
legislature for one term, being sent from Moni- 
teau county. Again coming to California in 
1884 he made his home in Los Angeles, where 
now, at the age of seventy -four, he lives with 
his wife, who is sixty-seven years old. retired 
from active business life. During the Civil 
war he was president of the Union League, El- 
dorado county, Cal. 

Walter F. Flaas was fifteen years old when 



he came to this state, and after the completion 
of his course at the Los Angeles high school 
in 1889 he entered the office of Houghton, Si- 
lent & Campbell, with whom he read law until 
his admission to the bar of the state in 1891. 
During the following years he was engaged in 
building up a lucrative general law practice, 
gaining an enviable reputation for legal knowl- 
edge, and on the strength of this and his per- 
sonal popularity was nominated by the Repub- 
lican party to the office of city attorney. His 
opponent was a man whom the Democrats 
picked as the strongest lawyer in the city in 
"their ranks, and while the fight was a hard one 
during the campaign, Air. Haas received the 
flattering majority of fourteen hundred and 
fifty-six votes. Declining a renomination in 
1900 he and Mr. Garrett formed a partnership 
for the practice of law in Los Angeles; in 
April, 1906, Mr. Dunnigan was added to the 
firm which is now Haas, Garrett & Dunnigan. 
November 12, 1900, Mr. Haas was employed 
to bring action and suit in the case of the city 
of Los Angeles vs. the West Los Angeles 
Water Company, being instructed by the city 
to complete and try the case, which lasted 
until May 30, 1901 — just seventy-six days. 
Eleven days were occupied in the argument 
alone, but he won the city's cause, which re- 
sulted in saving to the municipality all the 
water of the San Fernando valley for the badly 
needed water supply. This was the greatest 
case ever tried here, having cost the city $42,- 
000, the testimony covering ten thousand 
pages. The service alone was sufficient to 
insure him the grateful appreciation of the 
citizens had he done them no further service. 
He has, however, ever since been active in 
looking after their welfare in various capaci- 
ties and is still rendering important work in 
other causes of public weal. In 1902 he served 
on the charter revision committee, which pre- 
pared amendments to the charter, including 
those on initiative, referendum and recall. In 
1904 he was appointed on the first city and 
county consolidation committee for the con- 
solidation of certain city and county offices, 
such as assessors, tax collectors, auditors, 
treasurers, etc. A complete report was made 
by the committee, including the drafting of 

the necessary statutes, but they were killed in 
the legislature of 1905. In 1906 he was ap- 
pointed on the present city and county consoli- 
dation committee and is chairman of the com- 
mittee on public utilities, is a member of law 
and other committees, and in addition to all 
these duties he finds time for the practice of 
civil law, filling at the same time the office of 
city attorney for Monrovia. 

Public and professional duties do not re- 
ceive all the time and talent of Mr. Haas, as 
will be understood when it is known that he 
is a director in the German-American Savings 
Bank, vice-president of the C. J. Kubach Com- 
pany, president of the Tampico Land, Lumber 
& Development Company, which is interested 
in improving and developing lands at Tampico, 
Mexico, and he also finds opportunity for at- 
tention to other important enterprises. In 
1903 he was made a Mason, becoming a mem- 
ber of Palestine Lodge No. 351, F. & A. M. 
He is a member of the Chamber of Commerce 
and the Union League Club, and last, but not 
least in importance, lectures on public corpor- 
ations and municipal law in the law depart- 
ment of the University of California. Walter 
F. Haas is still a young man, hardly in his 
prime, and judging from the character of serv- 
ice he has rendered in public and private life 
his friends are certainly warranted in looking 
for still greater things from him. 

JOHN C. BENTZ. One of the unique and 
interesting enterprises which adds activity to the 
business life of Pasadena is the establishment 
presided over by Mr. Bentz, his stock of Japan- 
ese and Chinese art goods attracting many ap- 
preciative patrons. It was in 1895 that the 
nucleus of the present successful business was 
inaugurated by himself and his brother in part- 
nership, an association which continued two 
years, at the end of which time John C. Bentz 
purchased the interest of his brother and has 
since conducted the business alone. The build- 
ing now occupied by Mr. Bentz was erected ac- 
cording to his own plans and ideas and is well 
arranged and conveniently located for the pur- 
poses to which it is devoted. It is a brick struc- 
ture. 50x85 feet, two stories in height with base- 




merit, and in the conduct of his business he uses 
the first floor and the basement. The stock 
which he carries is large, varied and well select- 
ed, and consists of pictures and relics, records, 
bronze statues and an exquisite assortment of 
silks from the Orient. 

A native of the Empire state, John C. Bentz 
was born in Erie county, near Buffalo, in [868, 
a son of Rev. Henry Bentz, who owned a farm 
in that vicinity. In connection with its manage- 
ment he also filled the pulpit of the Presbyterian 
Church in that vicinity, and as soon as his sons 
were old enough to take charge of the farm he 
relinquished farming and gave his time exclu- 
sively to his ministerial duties, devoting the best 
years of his life to this vocation. John C. Bentz 
was primarily educated in the schools in the 
vicinity of his home and also attended and grad- 
uated from the high school. This served as an 
excellent preparation for his future college train- 
ing, and thereafter he matriculated as a student 
in the college at Hastings. Neb. With the close 
of his college life in 1892 he came to California, 
and for two vears was variously engaged. As 
has been previously stated, it was in 1895 that- 
in company with his brother he opened a curio 
shop in Pasadena from which the present busi- 
ness owned by John C. Bentz has been evolved. 
His success may be attributed to the careful 
studv which he makes of the demands of his 
patrons, who appreciate the dependable, high- 
class goods which he carries, to secure which he 
makes annual trips to Japan and China. Fra- 
ternally Mr. Bentz belongs to the Woodmen of 
the World, and in his political sentiments is a 
Republican, although at no time has he ever had 
any desire for public recognition. Besides the 
fine residence occupied by Mr. Bentz's family he 
also owns other valuable property in Pasadena, 
the fact of his large investments proving unde- 
niably his faith in the supremacy of the west in 
general, and of Pasadena in particular. 

Bramton, Canada, in 1854. a son of Andrew 
and Catherine ( Knox) Richardson, the father 
a native of Edinburgh, Scotland, and the 
mother of Cumberland, England. Andrew 
Richardson was engaged in the hotel business 

on 1 he < '.rand Trunk Railroad, but later lo- 
cated on a farm twenty mile-, from Guelph, 
Ontario, where he cleared the timber from the 
lands, built a home, and began the cultivation 
of the soil. He remained in this location 
throughout the remainder of his life with the 
exception of the last five years, when he re- 
moved to Tacoma, Wash., where both himself 
and wife died. He was a man of sterling traits 
of character, of unswerving integrity and hon- 
esty of purpose, and wherever he made his 
home was held in the highest esteem by all 
who knew him, either socially or in a business 

Brought up on the paternal farm in On- 
tario, A. Joseph Richardson received his edu- 
cation through the medium of the public 
schools, whose Sessions were held in log houses 
in wdiat was then a new country. He remained 
at home as was the custom in those days until 
attaining his majority, when he went to work 
on adjoining farms and thus continued for the 
ensuing four years. By 1879 he had saved up 
$500 and with this as his capital he purchased 
his father's farm and implements, agreeing to 
pay the balance of $4,000 in the next few years. 
After two years he discovered that he could 
make only enough to pay the interest on the 
debt, so he sold out and in 1881 came to the 
Pacific coast, and having previously learned 
the framing of buildings he secured employ- 
ment with the Pacific Bridge Company, whose 
headquarters were in Portland. He was asso 
ciated with this company in Oregon for the 
ensuing three years, acting as foreman of their 
work, and at the end of that time he had accu- 
mulated $3,500. With this he engaged in a 
general contracting business and met with a 
gratifying success, working from fifty to one 
hundred men and in the ten years he was thus 
occupied clearing $50,000. The panic which 
1 ccurred about this time swept away his for- 
tune, and for the next four years he steadily 
lost the foothold he had gained. At the end 
of that time he sold his outfit, paid his liabili- 
ties, and with $45 as his total assets again 
started out in the business world. He went up 
the Columbia river to Cascade Locks and as 
he alighted from the train he was accosted by 
a man who asked him for two bits with which 


to buy a meal. Mr. Richardson invited him to 
come and dine with him, and during the meal 
the man. — Mr. Giles by name, and a miner by 
occupation — told him his experiences and that 
he was going back to the Cceur d'Alene mines, 
where he had received good wages the year 
before. Mr. Richardson became interested and 
wanted to know if there was any likelihood of 
his being able to secure work as a builder, and 
upon being assured that he could earn $i a 
day more than a miner he decided to try his 
fortunes in that section of the northwest. Mr. 
Giles was without money and had intended to 
ride the trucks to the mines, but Mr. Richard- 
son bought a ticket for him also and the two 
made the trip together. The day following 
his arrival at Wallace Mr. Richardson secured 
employment as a carpenter on the Masonic 
Temple at $4 per day. When he had saved 
$100 he bought one thousand shares of the 
Mammoth Mining Company's stock and in 
sixty days sold it for $1,000. This gave him 
the capital he needed and he at once began 
mining and continued uninterruptedly at this 
occupation for the ensuing ten years, develop- 
ing and operating various mines. Among 
these was the Snowstorm, which advanced 
from fifteen cents to $4 ; the Tamorac ; Chesa- 
peake ; Snowstorm Extension ; Benton and 
others too numerous to mention. 

In 1901 Mr. Richardson located in Los An- 
geles, since which time he has continued ac- 
tively engaged in the developing and operating 
of mines. He maintains a suite of offices at 
No. 610, du and 612 Chamber of Commerce 
building, and here with others he incorporated 
the Whipple Mountain Gold & Copper Min- 
ing Company, of which he is vice-president 
and secretary, and they are now actively en- 
gaged in the development of the mines which 
are located in San Bernardino county. He 
was also active in the organization of the 
Idaho Lead Silver Mining Company, of which 
he is vice-pr