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: •! 

Uniw of 

llew Hampshire 





Carroll County, 

New Hampshire. 


We tell to-day the deeds of story, 
Ami legends of the oiden time, 
win]. voiFes, from an ancient glory, 
sun charm us as a silver chime. 

The oM ami new join loving hands, 
The pasl before the present stands; 
The ages give each other greeting, 
And years recall their oM renown, 
Their acts of fortitude repeating 
That won for them historic crown. 

The wheels now roll in lire ami thunder, 

And bear us on with startling speed; 
They shake the dust of nations under 
The Mowers of forest, mount, and nirad. 
The oldtimc worthies siill are near, 
The spirit of the past is here; 
And where we tread, old Indian builders 
Looked forward through the mists of time 
A.S we look hack. The scene bewilders! 
And all the distance is sublime. 

— Adapt* (/. 



BOSTON, mass. 


Copyright, 1889, 
By W. A. Fergusson & Co. 



FROM innumerable sources of information, — many of them broken, 
fragmentary, and imperfect, — from books, manuscripts, records, and 
private documents, we have gathered much of value respecting this 
land of Carroll and its savage and civilized occupancy. In our labors 
we have endeavored to separate truth from error, fact from fiction, as they 
come down to us from the half-forgotten days in legend, tradition, and the 
annals of the past. 

We express our thanks to those who have willingly given of their 
time and labor to aid us; to those who have contributed the illustrations, 
thereby adding much to the value of this work ; to those whose cheering 
words and earnest assistance have ever been at our service ; and to all, 
for the uniform courtesy extended unto us during our sojourn in this 
most picturesque of counties. 



Organization — Towns Included — Addi- 
tions — Boundaries — Name — Strafford 
County — Area — Location and Boundaries 

— Population, Agriculture, Manufactures, 
and Wealth — Statistics from Census of 1880 

— Financial Condition — Altitudes. 

ii. Geology 4 

Rock Formations — Rock Systems — The 
Age of Ice — Glacial Drift — Lower Till — 
Upper Till — Champlain Period — Kames 

— Recent or Terrace Period, etc. etc. 

III. Geology.— (Continued) 8 

Modified Drift, etc. — Saco River- Pine 
River — Ossipee Lake — Altitudes around 
Winnipiseogee Lake — Departure of the Ice 
Sheet — Lake Basins — Terraces — Kames 

— Clay — Dunes — Lake District Elevations 

— Conway Bowlders — The Washington 
Bowlder — Ordination Rock — Madison 
Bowlder — White Mountain Granites. 

IV. Minerals 16 

(upper — Arsenic — Galenite and Silver — 
Bornite — Sphalerite — Pyrite — ( Ihalcopy- 
rite — Arseuopyrite — Fluorite — Hematite 

— Magnetite — Tin — Limonite — Quartz 

— Beryl — Epidote — Mica — Feldspar — 
Tourmaline — Chiastolite — Fibrolite — 
Apatite — Scorodite — Calcite — Novaculite 

— Gold. 

V. Flora 19 

Alleghanian. Canadian, Arctic or Alpine 
Divisions — White-Pine — Pitch and Bed 
Pine — Hemlock — Oaks — Chestnut — But- 
ternut — Elm — Maples — Birches — Beech 
Black and White A-h— Black. Choke, 
and Fire Cherries — Black Spruce — White 
Spruce — Balsam-Fir — American Larch — 
Poplar — Small Trees and Shrubs — Alpine 

VI. Inkivx History 23 

Aboriginal Indians — Iroquois — Mohawks 

— Algonquins — New England Tribes — 
Wigwams — Social Life. Government, and 
Language — Food — Religion- Taratines 
War. Famine, and Plague — Nipmucks 
Passaconawav — Wonalancet - Kancama- 


gUS — LOVewell'S Enterprises. Buttle, etc. 

— Death of Paugus — Abenaquis — St 
Francis Village —Bounties for Scalps and 

VII. Early History 39 

The Sokokis and Pequawketi — Eastern 
Boundary Line — Walter Bryant's Journal 

— Continuation of Boundary Line — Rang- 
ing Parties and Military Occupation — 
Early Grants — Townships Granted — 
First Settlement — Early Censuses — Pop- 
ulation, Polls, and Real Estate — Rapid 
Increase — Early Selectmen. 

VIII. Early Land Grants, Titles, etc. . 44 
Grants by James I — North Virginia — Ply- 
mouth Company — Captain John Smith — 
New England — Sir Ferdinando Gorges 
and Captain John Mason —Province of 
Maine — Laconia — First Settlement of 
New Hampshire — Annulling of Plymouth 
Charter — Death of John Mason — Liti- 
gation — Robert Tufton Mason — Gov- 
ernor Benuing Wentworth — Twelve Pro- 
prietors and their Grants — Legislative 
Settlements of Mason's Grant. 

IX. Early Settlers 50 

Character of Early Settlers of New Hamp- 
shire — Concerning the Houses, Manner of 
Living, etc. — ''The Meeting-house" — 
Minister — Traveling — Labor — Chil- 
dren — Carroll County Pioneers — Hard- 
ships — Privations — ^Sufferings — Educa- 
tion — Dress, etc. 

X. Primitive Manners and Customs . 55 

Clearing Land— Planting — First Crops- 
Preparation of Flax — Carding — (Jarments 

— IIoum's— Modes of Traveling— Food 
Primitive Cooking— " Driving" —Game 

— Liquors — Tools— Spinning— Loom and 

XI. Roads G3 

Indian Trails — Roads, Turnpikes, and 
Highways — Earlj Post-routes— Extracts 
from Governor and Lady Frances Went- 
worth's Letters— Return of the Governor's 
Load to Plymouth — A Coach and Sis 







Turnpikes — Canals — Railroads 

Na\ igation. 
\n. i;i you noNAKi Period lnd w ar 

OV 1812 7: '' 

The Association Test — Patriotic Spirit- 
Colonel Poor's Regiment — Bounty and 
Encouragemenl —Nam''- of Recruits — Col- 
one ] Badger's Return — Colonel Badger's 
Reporl to Committee oi Safety— Names of 
Officers and Soldiers -.Scouting Parties — 
Wakefield Wolf eborough — Effingham— 
Moultonborough — Tamworth — Conway 
Sandwich— Tenth and Fourteenth Regi- 
ments— War of 1812. 

White Mountains 87 

Topography — Mt Starr King Group — Mt 
. arter Group -Ml Washington Range- 
Cherry Mountain District — Mt Willey 
Range — Passaconawaj Range — Albany 
Mountains— Pequawkel Area— History — 
Mythology — First Visited — Winthrop's 
Account — Darby Field's Ascent — Josse- 
lyn's Description — " The Chrystal Hills" 

— Later Visits — Western Pass or 
•• Notch " — First Settlement — Scientific 
Explorations- Scenery of the "Notch" 

— Nash and Sawyer's Grant — "A Horse 
through the Notch" Sawyer's Rock — 
Fir-t Articles of Commerce — Tenth 
New Hampshire Turnpike — Brackett's 
Account of Naming and Ascertaining the 
Heights — Other Scientific Visitors — 
Hardships of Early Settlers — First 
Bouse in the " Notch " — Crawford's 
Cabin on the Summit — Summit House — 
Tip-top House — First Winter Ascent- 
Carriage Road — Glen House— Ml Wash- 
ington Railway — Mountain Tragedies — 
••Anion- the Clouds" — Signal Station- 
Mi Washington Summit House. 

XIV. Scenery^ Attractions, Tradi- 

I ion-. \Mi Legendsoi C vrroll, 101 
Observation Points: — Copple Crown - 
Moose Mountain — "Tumble-down Dick" 
\li Delighl Green Mountain Ml 
Prospecl Pockel Hill Batson Hill — 
Trask's Hill Whiteface and Cotton Moun- 
tains -Ossipee Mountains Mt Shaw — 
i issipce Park - Whittier Peak Uncle 
Tom's Hill Red Hill Mt Israel Sand- 
wich Dome Mt Whiteface Passacona- 
waj The Potash Ml Paugus — Mt 
\\ onalancel Mt Chocorua Apostrophe 
to Chocorua Gow Hill Hear Mountain 
— Table Mountain .Mote Mountain 
i; igle and White-horse Ledges Haystack 
Mountain Cathedral Ledge Devil's 
Den Mi Attitash Conway's Green 


Hills — Mt Kearsarge — Thorn Mountain 
— Iron Mountain — Double-head — Spruce, 
Black, and Sable Mountains — Baldf ace — 
Lyman, Glines, and Cragged Mountains. 
XV. Scenery, Attractions, Tradi- 
tions, and Legends of Car- 
roll. — (Continued) 10 9 

Character of First Settlers — Lake Winni- 
piseogee— Squam Lake — Squaw Cove — 
Sandwich Notch — Chocorua — Paugus. 
NVI. Scenery. Attractions, Tradi- 
tions, and Legends of Car- 
roll. —(Concluded) 125 

( lhampney Falls —Bear Camp River — The 
Great Carbuncle— Saco River — The Story 
of Nancy — Carter Notch — Pinkham Notch 

— Boott's Spur — The Crystal Cascade — 
Glen Ellis Falls — Goodrich Falls — Con way 

— Echo Lake — Diana's Bath — Artists' 
Brook — Thomas Starr King — The Poet 

XVII. Military History 134 

Military Affairs in Carroll County Prior 
to 1861— Soldiers in the Rebellion 1861 
to 1865. 

XVIII. Masonic, Odd Fellow, Medical, 
and Temperance Organizations, 186 

MASONIC. — Morning Star Lodge, Wolfe- 
borough— Charter Oak Lodge, Effingham 

— Unity Lodge, Union — Carroll Lodge, 
Freedom — Red Mountain Lodge, Sandwich 

— Ossipee Valley Lodge. Centre O-sipeC — 

.Mount Washington Lodge, North Conway 

— Officers of the Grand Lodge. Odd Fel- 
lowship.— Saco Valley Lodge, North Con- 
way— Bear Camp Lodge, Sandwich —Cold 
River Lodge. Tamworth — Osceola Lodge, 
Barl lett — Trinity Lodge, Eaton — Fidelity 
Lodge, Wolf eborough — Crystal Lodge, 
Madison — Carroll County Medical Society 

— Work of the Woman's Christian Tem- 
perance Union. 

XIX. Newspapers and Manufactures, 'j-il 
Newspapers — Charles H. Parker— Timber 
and Lumbering— Maple-sugar Making — 
< >ther Resources — Healthfulness — Why 
Manufacturers Should Locate Here- Em- 
igration Should Tend Hitherward. 

XX. State and County Officials . . • 232 

Delegates to Constitutional Conventions- 
Early Representatives -Classed Representa- 
tives Members of Congress —State Coun- 
cillors -Presidents of the Senate — State 
Senators — Justices of Court of Sessions 

Justices of Court of Common Pleas 
County Justices— Clerks of Superior Court, 
Court of Common Pleas, and Supreme 



. ii LPTBB r.\i;i'. 

Court— Judges of Probate— Registers of 

Probate and Deeds — Treasurers — Solici- 
tors — Sheriffs — Commissioners. 

\\i. Courts and County Buildings . 23s 
History of the Courts— The Superior Court 

of Judicature — The Inferior Court of 
Common Pleas — The Court of General Ses- 
sions of the Peace — Prohate Court — Trial 
Terms — Court-House — County Farm, 
House, and Jail. 

XXII. Courts, Lawyers, and Notable 

Trials 242 

Introduction — James Otis Freeman — Sam- 
uel Emerson — Samuel Peabody — Judge 
Charles A. Peabody— Ira A. Bean— Lawyer 
Everett — Robert Tibbets Blazo— William 
M. Weed — Nathaniel Quimby — Aaron 
Beede Hoyt — Neal McGaffey — John Me- 
Gaffey — Judge David Hammonds Hill 

— Erastus P. Jewell — Henry Asa Folsom 

— A. Birnay Tasker — Levi Folsom — Henry 
C. Durgin — George P. Davis — Elbridge 
Fogg — Charles E. Hoag— Horace L. Had- 
ley — William B. Fellows — Alonzo Mc- 
Crillis — David McCrillis — Samuel Hidden 
Went worth — Paul Wentworth — Moses J. 
Wentworth — George Wiuslow Wiggin — 
Alpheus B. Stickney — William Quinby — 
Aaron Beede, Jr — JohnPeavey — Zachariah 
Batchelder— Joseph Farrar— Charles F. Hill 

— William Copp Fox — Edwin Pease — 
George E. Beacham— Sewall W. Abbott — 
Joseph Tilton — David Copp, Jr — Amasa 
Copp — William Sawyer — Josiah Hiltou 
Hobbs — Luther Dearborn Sawyer — George 
Y. Sawyer — Hon. Joshua Oilman Hall — 
John Paul — Amasa C. Paul— Charles Ches- 
ley — Frank Hobbs — Charles W. Sanborn — 
Edward A. Paul — Arthur L. Foote — Josiah 
Dearborn — Samuel Q. Dearborn — Hayes 
Lougee — John Sumner Kunnells — Orestes 
Topliff— Nicholas O. Blaisdell — Elmer 
Smart — Josiah H. Hobbs — Uriah Copp, 
Jr — Sanborn B. Carter — Buel Clinton 
Carter — Samuel D. Quarles — Frank Weeks 

— Oliff Cecil Moulton — George Barstow 
French — Charles B. Oafney — Zara Cutler 

— Benjamin Boardman — < >bed Hall — Hon. 
Joel Eastman — Francis Russell Chase — 
diaries B. Shackford — John Colby Lang 
Wood — John B. Nash — Frederic B. Os- 
good— Hon. O. W. M. Pitman Seth Wy- 
man Fife — John Bickford — James A. 
Edgerly — Conclusion — Notable Trials. 


Kingswood — Grant — Grantees Associ- 
ates—Township Delined— Wolfeborough 


Addition, etc. — To] tography — Bays— Lake 
Wentworth — Ponds — Mountains— Abori- 
gines— Name — Survey — < lommittee for 
Settling — .'Miles Road Elisha Bryant- 
Drawing of Lots - - First .Mills — The Neck 
—First Settlers —Forfeitures — Charter — 
Action of Town in First Meetings — Fair — 
Quaint Records — Officers — Prosperity and 
Depression — Ammunition — Committee of 
Safety — I uventories of 177G — Governor 
Wentworth and his Farm. 

XXIV. Wolfeborough. — (Continued) . 29G 

Something about the Proprietors — Early 
Settlers — Early Families and their Descend- 

XXV. Wolfeborough. — (Continued) . .312 
Revolution — Proprietors and the Laud 
they Owned — Schools — Advancement of 
the Town — Wolfeborough Village about 
1800 — Action of Town in Civil War- 
Later Chronicles — Civil List. 

XXVI. Wolfeborough. — (Continued) . .325 
Church History — Town Meeting-house — 
Rev. Ebenezer Allen — Congregational 
Church — North Wolfeborough Congrega- 
tional Church — First freewill Baptist 
Church — Rev. Isaac Townsend — Deacon 
B. F. Parker — Second Freewill Baptist 
Church — First Christian Church — Second 
Christian Church — Second Advents — First 
Unitarian Society — Church Buildings. 

XXYII. Wolfeborough.— (Continued) . 347 
Schools — Early Teachers — " Master Con- 
nor" — School Districts — School Com- 
mittees — School Money — Wolfeborough 
and Tuftonborough Academy — Incorpora- 
tion — Charter — Lot — Proprietors — Acad- 
emy Building — Chapel — Pewholders — 
Trustees of Academy— Preceptors — < Ihris- 
tian Institute — School Money for 1888 — 
Number of Scholars — Social Library — 
Brewster Free Academy — Temperance. 

XXVIII. Wolfeborough. — (Concluded) . 356 
MilN and Manufactures — Early Stores 
and Traders— Taverns — Hotels — Summer 
Boarding-houses — Insurance Company— 
Banks — Physicians — Fatal Casualties — 
Fires — Societies— Brewster Memorial Hall 

— Present Business Interests--- Pen Pic- 
ture"— Financial Condition— Biographical 


Location and Surveys — Grant — Names of 
( ; rantees— Bounties to Settlers — Bounties 
to Mill-builders — Petition of Proprietors 

— Incorporation — Name. 

\ 111 



XXX. Moultonborough. — (Continued) . 306 
Boundaries— Mbultonborough Neck and 
Long Island — Brown Family — Easl Moul- 
ton borough — Moultouborougb Fulls — 
Moultonborough Corner — Red Mountain 

The Cook Family — Ossipee Mountain - 
Ossipee Park— B. F. Sbaw— Pond9 and 
Streams Little Winnipiseogee Pond — Red 
Hill River Gristmill -Sawmill Emery's 
M il Is — Indian Occupancy, Relics, etc. — 
Early Prices. 

XXXI. Moultonborough.— (Continued) 401 
Firsl Town-meeting — Inventory — Divi- 
sion Line: Jonathan Moulton— Moulton- 
borough and Sandwich Social Library — 
Colonel Nathan Doit— 1820 — Early Set- 
tlers and their Descendants — John Mars- 
ton Richardson Family — Smith Family — 
Lee Family — Evans Family — The Sturte- 
vants— Moulton, Bean, and Ambrose Fami- 
lies, etc. —Early Life— Prominent Natives 
not Residents — Temperance Question. 

XXXLT. Moultonborough.— (Continued) 407 
Ecclesiastical — First Meeting-house — Con- 
gregational < ihurch— Covenanl Presented— 
Signers — Petition in Relation to Rev. 
Samuel Perley — Rev. Jeremiah Shaw — 
Salary — Ordination — Rev. Joshua Dodge 

— New Church at the Corner — Metho- 
disl Church- Pastors — Freewill Baptisl 
Church — Christian Baptists and Advent- 

XXXIII. Moultonborough.— (Concluded) 410 
Physicians— Business Men — Other Sketches 

— Action of Town in the Rebellion — Civil 



Introduction — Boundaries — Description 

- Scenery —Township Granted — Names 
on Firsl Inventory -Petition pf Woodbury 
Langdon -other Petitions— Reception of 
Petition-, etc. Act of Incorporation — 
Record of First Town-meeting— First 
Roads First Settlers — Town-house — 
Public Library. 

XXXV. Tuftonborough. —(Continued) . 430 
i longregational Church — Methodist Epis- 
copal Church -First Christian Church- 
ed Christian Church— Firsl Freewill 

Baptisl Church A<lv<-it Church — Tem- 
perance — Schools. 
x XXVI. Tuftonborough.— (Concluded) 436 
Civil War— Postoffices- -Villages— Islands 
ties — Civil Fist Biographical 


Incorporation and Description— Early Set- 


t lers — First Town-meeting — Records of 
L795 Inventory of 1796 — Further Town- 
meetingi — The Haven Farms — Religious 
Societies — The Great Rebellion— Business 
Interests, etc. — Prominent Families— Civil 


Wakefield — Original Name — Incorpora- 
tion — Changes — Surface — Bodies of 
Water— Extract from Proprietors' Records 
—Petition for Incorporation — First Town 
Officers — Civil List. 

XX XIX. Wakefield. — (Continued) . . 468 
Topography — Masonian Proprietors— East 
Town — Early Settlement — Lots — Early 
Settlers — Lieutenant Jonathan Oilman — 
Captain Jeremiah Gilinan — John Horn — 
( Japtain David Copp — Deacon Simeon Dear- 
I >orn — John Dearborn — Josiah Page — 
John Kimball — Noah Kimball — Colonel 
Jonathan Palmer — Andrew Gilman — 
Clement Steel — Benjamin Perkins— Rev. 
Avery Hall — Samuel Sherborn — William 

XL. Wakefield.— (Continued) .... 473 
Early Settlers Continued — Samuel and 
Joseph Haines — Robert Hardy — Extract 
t rom Diary of RobertHardy — -Josiah Hun- 
ford — Samuel. Samuel, Jr, and Ahner 
Allen— Nathaniel Balch— Eliphalet Quimby 

— Daniel Hall — Samuel Hall — John Scrib- 
ner — Reuben Lang — Jacob Lock — Weeks 
Family — Mayhew Clark — Nathan Mor- 
dough — Joseph Maleham — Daniel Horn 
— John Huggins — Benjamin Safford and 
others — John Wingate — Eliphalet Phil- 
brook — Captain Robert ('alder — Captain 
Joseph Manson — Joseph Wiggin — Richard 
Dow — Isaac Fellows — Nathan Dearborn — 
Thomas Cloutman — Benjamin and David 
Horn — Simeon, Isaiah, and Jacob Wiggin. 

XLI. Wakefield.— (Continued) .... 478 
Wakefield in the Revolution — Extracts 
from Records — Signers of Association 
Test— Captain Gilman — Militia Officers, 
Requirements, and Supplies — Early Roads 

— Some Acts whicli make for Peace and 

XLII. Wakefield. — (Continued) ... 481 
Transition State — Petition for Repeal of 
Lumber Act — Petition Relative to Arrears 
of Taxes — Tax List of 1795 — Town Busi- 
ness—War of 1812 — John Paul— Wake- 
field in 1817 — Extracts from Town Records 
and Action of Town — From 1817 to 1842 

— The Poor in Town — The Mexican War 
— War for the Union — Action of Town in 
the Rebellion — Town Debt. 



CHAPTER l ' v '' 1 

Xl.lll. Waki'i ii i i>. (< lontinued) . . • 187 
Ecclesiastical History- < lentennial Poem 
FirstChurch- -Organization FirstMem- 
bers Early Action Rev. Asa Piper 
l;. iv. Samuel Nichols Rev. Nathaniel 
Barker — Martin Leffingwell Joseph B. 
Tufts Rev. Daniel Dana Tappan Rc\ . 
Al\:m Tobej Rev. Sumner Clark — 

• Rev. George O. Jenness Rev. Alberl II. 

Thompson -Rev. Lyman White- Early 
Historj "T Church ami Society— Deacons 

— Other Members — One Hundredth Anni- 
versary -Second Congregational Church 
— Organization — Original Members —Min- 
isters Deacons — Sunday-school- Free- 
will Baptist Churches — Methodisl Epis- 
copal Church — Second Advent Church 
Episcopal Church — Meeting-houses, etc. 

XLIY. Wakefield.— (Continued) . . . 506 
Education, Early Provisions for — Teach- 
ers' Wages First Schools Districts — 
School Committees — Common Schools — 
Dow Academy — Wakefield Academy — Col- 
legiates — Teachers, etc. — Libraries — 


xi.v. Wakefield. — (Concluded) . . . 514 
Development — Union Village — Railroads 

— Wolfboro Junction — Manufacturing — 
Population — Polities — East Wakefield — 
Taverners and Traders — Early Prices 
.North Wakefield and Wakefield Corner 
— Physicians Longevity, etc — Biographi- 
cal Sketches. 


Situation— Original Grant — North Effing- 
ham ■ Area — Surface — Boundaries 
Indian Relics — Proprietors' Meeting — 
Conditions of Charter— Survej Early 
Scii lements — Association Test — Early Ac- 
count- Pay of Town Officers <i\il List. 

XLYII. Effingham.— (Continued) . . . 538 
Roads and Bridges -Highway Districts in 
wi-j Mails, Postoffices, Stage Routes 
Effingham Fall-- South Effingham— Hunt- 
ress Neighborhood Merchants — House 
on Green Mountain— [ce Cave. 

SLVIII. Effingham. -(Concluded) . . 547 
Preaching— < fhurches- Schools — Higher 
School- -Physicians — Sheriff— F. W. 

\LI\. FREEDOM 560 

incorporation -Description — Boundaries 

— Population Freedom Grange -Manu- 
facturing Mercantile Houses Physicians 

— lion. Zebulon Pease Savings Bank — 
Baptist Church — Christian Church. 


L. Freedom. (Concluded) 667 

Civil List Town Annals Biographical 

l.l. OSSIPEE :.:•.» 

Description -Lake-. Streams, and Ponds 

— Origin of Name — Boundaries and 
Changes [ncorporation Forts Indian 
Monumental Mound -"Where some of the 
Early Settlers lived Early .Mill- Stores 
and Trader-. 

LIL Ossipee. (Continued) 589 

What the Early Records Contain Early 
Taverners- Early Marriages — First In- 

LIII. Ossipee. — (Continued) :»:u 

Gleanings from Town Records — Action of 
Town in the War of 1861 — Later Chroni- 
cles— Condition of Schools. 

L1Y. Ossipee. — (Continued) 603 

First Congregational Church — First Meet- 
ing-house — Freewill Baptist Churches 
First Methodist Episcopal Church. 

LV. Ossipee.— (Continued) 615 

Villages ossipee — Centre o-sjpee — 
West ( >ssipee — Ossipee Valley — Moul- 
tonville — Water Village — Leighton's 
Corners — Family and Personal Sketches. 

LVI. Ossipee. — (Concluded) 633 

Civil List — Statistics — Biographical 


Charter — Boundaries — Names of Grantees 

— Additional Grant — First Meeting of 
Proprietors — Orlando Weed — Terms of 
Sei i lenient — ( it her Set t lers — Further En- 
couragement — Drawing of Lots — Daniel 
Beede's Survey — Committee to Prosecute 
Colonel Jonathan .Moult on — Proprietors' 
Gift to Sandwich. 

LVIII. Sandwich. — (Continued) . . . . 640 
Situation — I lealtlifulne-- -Scenery Sand- 
wich Dome — Red Hill Pond — Wentworth 
Ilill — First Birth— Selectmen's Return in 
1775— Some Residents in 1776— French 
and Indian War— Revolutionary Soldiers 

— Earlj Traders — Lower Corner — Centre 
.Sandwich. 1800-10 — Business Centres- 
Early Industries I'liy-icians Dentist 
.Mill- and Manufactures Merchants 
Sandw ich < 'attic Freshet- Longe> ity 

— Summer Boarding-houses, etc. etc. 

l.l X. SANDWicn. (Continued) 664 

Characteristics of Early Settlers — Emi- 
gration— Early Population — Early Com- 
merce and Highways — Place of Settlement 

— Colonel Jonathan Moulton — The Asso- 



ciation Test— Signers' Names— Inventor j 
df its:; Persona] Sketches. 

I,\. Sandwich. — (Continued) 677 

Church Bistory — Elder Jacob Jewell — 
Calvinistic Baptists — Freewill Baptisi 
Church — Sketches of some of its Pastors 

— North Sandwich Freewill Baptisl 
Church — Methodism — Congregational 
Churches — The Friends — Education — 
Sandwich Library Association. 

I. XI. Sandwich.— (Concluded) .... 694 
Excerpts from Early and Late Town 
Records Action of Town in Civil War — 
civil List — Biographical Sketches. 


Name — Surface — Bodies of Water — 
Boundaries — Chocorua Lake — Tarn worth 

— Grantees — First Settlers and Set- 
tlements—Progress and Prosperity — 
"Siege of Wolves" — Trout — Tamworth 
Village — South Tamworth — Hotels — 
Tamworth Inn — Tamworth Iron Works 

— Chocorua House — Merchants of Tam- 
worth Iron Works — Cottages — First 
Inventory — Water-powers, Mills, and 

LXIII. Tamworth.— (Continued) . . . 743 

Town Annals from 1777 — Action of Town 
in Civil War — Soldiers in Organizations 
outside the State — Civil List and Later 

LX1V. Tamworth. — (Continued) . . . 75G 
Church History — Arrangements for Set- 
tling Mr Samuel Hidden —Parsonage — 
Letter of Acceptance — Organization and 
Ordination — Original Members — Rev. Mr 
Hidden*- Pastorate — The Hidden Monu- 
ment - Other Pastors— Deacons— Free- 
will Baptists — Rev. John Runnels — 
Second, Third,, and South Tamworth Bap- 
tist Churches— Rev. David Bean— Metho- 
disl Episcopal Church— "Reminiscences 
of Rev. Samuel Hidden" — Education. 

LXV. Tamworth. (((included) .... 765 

s " Citizens, Families, and Business 

[ntcrests- Biographical Sketches. 

I.WI. A I. KAN V 7S-2 

Grant Boundaries Grantees — Descrip- 
tion Seltlemenl Petition — Orlando 
Weed Colonel Jeremiah Oilman — 
A Hard Family — Population— Albany in 
1868 Timber Lands — Freewill Baptisl 
Church Union Chapel of Chocorua — 
Civil List. 

I.WI I. EATON 788 

Date of Grant— Description — Number 


of Polls hi 1783 — First Town-meeting— 

Additions to Town — Eaton Centre — 
Snowville — Mills — William Robertson 

— Other Early Settlers — Sketches — 

LXVIII. Eaton.— (Concluded) 795 

War of 1S12 Action in Civil War — Civil 
List and Extracts from Town Records — 
Inventory, Valuation, etc., 1889 — Bio- 
graphical Sketches. 


Organization — Description — Boundaries 

— Some Early Settlers — Mills — Silver 
Mine — Physicians — Early Taverns — 
Traders — Silver Lake — Silver Lake Yi\- 
lage — Bickford's Cave — Madison Village. 

LXX. Madison. — (Concluded) 809 

Town Annals — Freewill Baptist Churches 

— Rev. Charles E. Blake — Civil List — 


Introduction — Conditions of Charter and 
Boundaries — Grantees — Pequawket — 
The Original Proprietors and List of 
Settlers — Andrew McMillan's Petition 

— Roads — Prominent Settlers — Signers 
of Association Test — Early Mills — Early 
Prices — Early Innkeepers — Early Taxes 

— Early Music — Early Survey — Freshet 
of October, 1785 — Inventory of 1794. 

LXXII. Conway. — (Continued) . ... 826 

Extracts from Proprietors' Records — 
Annals from Town Records — Action in 
the Civil War— Civil List. 

LXXIII. Conway.— (Continued) . . . .843 
Brief Sketches of some of the Early Set- 
tlers, their Families and Descendants — 
Physicians — Schools. 

LXX IV. Conway. — (Continued) .... 859 
Ecclesiastical — First Preaching — What 
Rev. Timothy Walker wrote — Mr Moses 
Adams — Rev. Mr Porter's Letter — 
( 'hurch Organization — Covenant — Sign- 
ers — First Minister — Other Pastors — 
Second Church — Meeting-houses — Bap- 
tist Church — Protests — Organization — 
Petition for Incorporation — Pastors — 
Reorganization — Other Pastors — Con- 
way Freewill Baptist Church — Methodism 
in Conway — Episcopal Church. 

LXXV. Conway. — (Concluded) .... st;> 
Industrial Development — Mills, Tanneries, 
and Stores in 1832 — Largest Tax-payers in 
1832— Chaises in 1S32— Conway in 1858 
and 1S72 — Farms, etc. — Conway Village 
in 1879 — Conway Savings Bank — Sturte- 

Index to Towns. 



rant's Peg-wood Mill — Bennett's Spool 
Factory — Conway House — Pequawkel 
House — other Business [nterests — North 
( lonway - Scenery -Libraries — North < !on- 
way Water-works, etc. — Railroad Stations 

— Hotels — Kearsarge House— North Con- 
way House Sunset Pavilion — Bellevue 
House — Eastman House— Artists' Falls 
House— McMillan House— Randall House 

— Moat Mountain House — Past and 
Present Business Men and interests — The 
interval* — Intervale House, etc. — Kear- 
Barge Village— Merrill House — The Orient 

— The Ridge — Redstone — Centre Conway 

— Cotton's Manufactory — Centre House, 
etc. — South Conway — Green Hills — 
Conway Street — East Conway — Bio- 
graphical Sketches. 


Description — Scenery — Mountains — Rivers 

— The Saco — Incorporation — Grant — 
Lieutenant Vere Roysc — Pioneers — Rela- 
tive to a Bridge over East Branch — Roads 
and Bridges — Signers to a Petition — An- 
drew McMillan's Petition — Mills — Some- 
thing Concerning Early Settlers — Names 
on the Tax-list of 1811. 

I. XXVII. Bartlett. — (Continued) . . .917 
Town Annals and Civil List — Action of 
Town in the Rebellion. 

EX XV III. Bartlett. — (Concluded) . . .927 
Early Hotels and Staging — Physicians — 
Bartlett Village— Bartlett Land and Luni- 

" I'M. I 

ber Company -Kearsarge Pi Company — 
Description Business interests Glen 
Station — Later Hotels Resources Free- 
will Baptist Church Methodisl Episcopal 
Church Chapel of the mils — Biographi- 
cal Sketches. 


9 il- 

ex XX. JACKSON in;, 

Introduction -Scenery — Situation Moun- 
tains incorporation — Grants — Firsl Set- 
ters - Petitions — First Town-meeting — 
First Road — Inventory of 1801 — Some 
Early Settlers and their Descendants — 
Personal Sketches. 

LX.XXI. Jackson. — (Concluded) .... 956 
The First Schoolhouse — Early Teacher- 

— School Surroundings, etc. — Freewill 
Baptist Church — Rev. Daniel Elkins and 
Other Pastors — The Protestant Chapel 
Association — Temperance — Libraries — 
Manufacturing and Merchants — Hotels — 
Centennial Celebration — Civil List — 
Action of Town in the Rebellion — 
Character of the People — Glen Ellis Falls 

— Biographical Sketches. 


Description — Population — Families —Ac- 
tion of the Proprietors — Early Settlers — 
Extracts from -Town Records — Chatham 
in the Rebellion — Reminiscences of Samuel 
Phipps, Jr — Church History — Education 

— Civil List — Biographical Sketches. 






< HATHAM 977 


BATON 788 








OSSIPEE .">7'.» 









MOUNT A\I> LAKE CHOCORUA engraving ... 106 


WEED, COL WILLIAM M engraving ... 245 

HILL, JUDGE DAVID H. 1 engraving ... 249 

EASTMAN, HON. JOEL engraving ... 266 

PITMAN, HON. G. W. M engraving ... 270 

AVERY, SAMUEL engraving ... 373 

PICKERING, DANIEL engraving . . . 380 

BROWN, ADAM engraving . . . 383 

HUGGINS, SAMUEL engraving ... 386 

HUGGINS, JOHN P engraving ... 388 

WHITTON, HON. THOMAS L engraving ... 389 


PEAVEY, COL JOHN engraving ... 447 

SANBORN, IK»N. JOHN W engraving . . . 521 

GARVIN, CAPTAIN EBENEZER engraving . . . 524 

CANNEY, MOSES]? engraving . . . 527 


DEMERITT, JOHN engraving . . . 557 

TOWLE, ELI AS engraving . . . 574 

THURSTON, JOSIAH engraving ... 576 


QUARLES, LIEUT-COL SAMUEL I) engraving ... 638 

GRANT, NATHANIEL. M.D engraving . . . 040 

WHITE. CHARLES, M.D engraving ... 706 

WHITE, CHARLES HENRY, SURGEON U. S. N. . . engraving ... 708 

COOK, JOHN engraving . . . 709 

COOK, ASA S engraving . . . 711 


WENTWORTH, COL JOSEPH engraving ... 714 

HOYT, AARON BEEDE engraving ... 715 


MARSTON, HON. MOULTON H engraving ... 719 

HEARD, HON. WILLIAM A engraving ... 720 

FELLOWS, COL ENOCH Q. . engraving . . . 723 


SKINNER, DANIEL M engraving . . . 727 

STEVENSON, JOHN M engraving ... 777 

PERKINS, TRUE engraving . . . 779 

PERKINS, EDWIN R engraving ... 780 

SNOW. EDWIN engraving ... 799 

MASON, NATHANIEL E engraving ... 895 

ABBOTT, HIRAM C engraving . . . S9S 

\ an appreciation of many kindnesses and valuable assistance rendered in preparing this History, the 
engraving of Judge Hill is contributed by the publishers. 

Biographies and Illustrations. 



MoKTON, LEANDEF. S engraving . . . 901 

MORRILL, JOEL E ,.','.'. 903 

PITMAN, HON. LTCURGUS engraving ! ! '. 903 



PENDEXTER, SAMUEL engraving . '. ! 937 

PENDEXTER, CHARLES C engraving . . . 938 

PENDEXTER, SOLOMON D sngraving . . . 939 

PITMAN, HON. JOSEPH engraving . . '. 940 

TRICKEY, CAPTAIN JOSHUA engraving . . . 967 

WENTWORTH, GEN. MARSHALL C engraving . . . 969 

BTILLLNGS, NICHOLAS T engraving . . . 972 



CLAY, ITHIELE engraving . . . 985 



Carroll County. 



Organization — Towns Included — Additions — Boundaries — Name — Strafford County — 
Area, Location, and Boundaries — Population, Agriculture, Manufactures, and Wealth — Sta- 
tistics from Census of 1880 — Financial Condition — Altitudes. 

CARROLL COUNTY was created by an act of the state legislature approved 
December 23, 1840, which also formed Belknap county. The language 
of the act concerning the towns embraced in Carroll county is " the said 
count}' of Carroll shall contain all the lands and waters included within the 
following towns and places, which now constitute a part of the county of 
Strafford, to wit: Albany, Brookfield, Chatham, Conway, Eaton, Effingham, 
Freedom, Moultonborough, Sandwich, Tarn worth, Tuftonborough, Ossipee, 
Wakefield, and Wolfborough, and the said towns be, and the same are hereby, 
severed and disannexed from the county of .Strafford." 

By an act of the legislature approved January 5, 1853, Bartlett, Jackson, 
and lint's Location were disannexed from the county of Coos and annexed to 
( arroll county. 

Boundaries lid ween Belknap and Carroll counties were established in 1841 
thus: "Beginning at the easterly termination of the line dividing the towns of 
Meredith and Moultonborough; thence running easterly to the southerly point 
of Long Island in Winnipisseogee lake; thence easterly to the westerly termi- 
nation of the line dividing the towns of Wolfborough and Alton ; and all the 
lands and waters lying northerly of said line and between that and said towns 

History of Carroll County. 

of Moultonborough, Tuftonborough, and Wolfborough shall constitute a part 
of said county of Carroll." 

The town of Madison was incorporated from the western part of Eaton in 

Carroll county received its name in commemoration of Charles Carroll of 
Carrollton, one of the most distinguished of the signers of the Declaration of 
Independence, and by the diversified and lovely character of its bewitching 
scenery is keeping the name a household word in the cultured minds of both 
the old and new worlds. No other county in the state presents more attrac- 
tions to the traveler, and none other has received such a wealth of tribute 
from pen of poet or gifted litterateur. 

Strafford county, from which Carroll was formed, was one of the five origi- 
nal counties of New Hampshire, being made by the same act which created 
Rockingham, Hillsborough, Cheshire, and Grafton, March 19, 1771. Many of 
the towns in Carroll have a much older corporate existence than the county, 
and some of them are as old as the five first counties. The early or pioneer 
stage belongs here rather to the towns than to the county, and will receive 
attention in their history. 

Carroll county contains an area of nearly six hundred square miles, is sur- 
rounded on the north by Coos and Grafton counties, east by York and Oxford 
counties in Maine, southeast by Strafford county, southwest and west by Belk- 
nap and Grafton counties, and lies between 43° 28' and 44° 35' north latitude, 
and 3° 20' and 6° 10' longitude east from Washington. 

Population, agricultural and manufacturing statistics from census of 1880. — 
The entire population of Carroll is 18,291, an improvement over 1870, which 
showed 17,332, and a falling off from 1860, which gave 20,465, and from 1850, 
which was 20,157. Albany had in 1880, 361 ; in 1870, 339 ; Bartlett and 
Hailes Location, 1,044 in 1880; Brookfield 1880, 428; 1870, 416; Chatham 
1880, 421; 1870, 445; Conway 1880, 2,094; 1870, 1,607; Eaton 1880, 629 ; 
1870,657; Effingham 1880, 865'; 1870,904; Freedom 1880, 714; 1870, 737; 
Hart's Location 1880, 70 ; 1870,26; Jackson 1880,464; 1870,474; Madison 
1880, 586; 1870, 646; Moultonborough 1880, 1,254; 1870, 1,299; Ossipee 
L880, 1,782; 1870, 1,822; Sandwich 1880, 1,701; 1870, 1,854; Tamworth 
1880, 1,274 ; 1870, 1,344 ; Tuftonborough 1880, 923 ; 1870, 949 ; Wakefield 
1880, 1,392 ; 1870, 1,185 ; Wolfeborough 1880, 2,222 ; 1870, 1,995. 

In 1880 Carroll county had 2,753 farms, with a total of 168,232 acres of 
improved land, while 158,019 acres were mountain, woodland, and forest, and 
10,213 acres additional were unimproved. The aggregate value of these farms 
was 84,431, o72, including land, fences, and buildings; of farming imple- 
ments and machinery, 1164,626 ; livestock, $703,680 ; estimated value of farm 
products, $844,849. 

There were raised 733 bushels of barley, 1,046 bushels of buckwheat, 

The County of Carroll. 

86,455 bushels of Indian corn, 35,227 bushels of oats, 1,337 bushels of rye, 
14,713 bushels of wheat, 310,937 pounds of maple sugar, 9,874 gallons of 
maple syrup, 40,869 tons of hay, 229,610 dozens of eg^*, 7,970 pounds of 
honey, 241,050 bushels potatoes, 6,974 fleeces of wool, weighing 32,100 pounds. 
an annual value of orchard products of $82,032, and 7,778 bushels of beans. 

There were 3,402 horses on the farms, June 1, 1880, 4,035 working oxen, 
6,082 milch cows, and 8,294 other cattle. 0,974 sheep (excluding spring Lambs), 
3,476 swine, 32,100 pounds of wool clipped in the spring, 33,238 gallons of 
milk sold and sent to factories, 465,476 pounds of butter made, and L9,684 
pounds of cheese. 

Tin' assessed valuation of real estate was $4,374,291, of personal property, 
$1,439,936. There were 96 manufacturing concerns, with $2,056,245 capital; 
employing 780 operatives, who were paid $251,300 annually, and producing 
$1,707,626 in goods. The financial condition of the county at the end of the 
last fiscal year is thus given by the county commissioners: — 

The County debt May 1, 1889, was : — 

Bonds at G per cent. $9,100.00 

„ 4 „ 10,000.00 

Interest on Bonds, 557.86 

Call Notes at 4 per cent. 16,029.97 

Interest on Notes to May 1, 1889, 660.16 

Bills and orders outstanding, 200.00 

The < iounty has assets : — 

( Iounty Farm and Buildings, $20,000.00 

Personal Property at the Farm, 5,626.43 

Cash in hands of Treasurer, 5,804.98 

Costs and Fines due County, 200.00 

( ash due from the towns of Albany and Chatham, 202.69 

The debt, less fines, cash in treasury, and cash due from Albany and Chatham, is 
$60,340.32, and the reduction of the debt for the year is $11,007.22. 

In 1880 the county had a bonded debt of $198,370, and a floating debt of 
8269,019, making a total indebtedness of $467,389. 

Altit„<Irs. — Mt Washington, 0,29:5 ft; Mt Adams, 5,704 ft: Mt Jefferson, 
•"..71 1 ft; Mt Clay. 5,553 ft; Mt Monroe, 5,384 ft; Mt Little Monroe, 5,204 ft : 
Mt Madison, 5,365 It; Mt Franklin, 4,904 ft; Mt Pleasant, 4,764 ft: Mt Clin- 
ton, 4,320 ft: Mt Jackson, 4,100 ft; Mt Webster, 4,000 ft; Mt Crawford, 
3,134 ft; Mt Willey, 4,300 ft; Mt Nancy, -,800 ft; Giant's Stairs, 3,500 ft; 
Boott Spur, 5,524 ft; Boott Deception, 2,44s ft; Mt Carter, north peak. 4,s:*,o 
ft ; Mt Carter, south peak, 4,702 ft; Mt Moriah, 4,653 ft : Mt Royce, 2,600 ft; 
Mt Wildcat, 4,350 ft: Mt Whit. 'face, 1,007 ft (the northern elevation 175 
higher): Mt Passaconaway, 4,200 ft; Mt Osceola, 4,397 ft: Sandwich Dome 
(Black Mountain), 3,999 ft: Mt Resolution, 3,400 ft; Trimountain, 3,393 ft: 

History of Carroll County. 

Silver Spring Mountain (est.), 3,000 ft; Green's Cliff, 2,958 ft; Table Moun- 
tain. 3,305 ft; Mt Israel, 2,880 ft; Mt Chocorua, 3,540 ft; Mt Kearsarge 
( Pequawket), 3,251 ft; Red Hill, south peak, 1,709 ft; Red Hill, north peak, 
2,038 ft ; Ossipee Mountain, 2,361 ft ; Mt Shaw, 2,956 ft ; Green Hills, 2,390 
ft; Copple Crown, 2,100 ft; Great Moose Mountain, 1,404 ft ; Tin Mountain, 
L,650 ft ; Mt Baldface, 3,600 ft; Double Head, 3,120 ft; Iron Mountain, 2,000 
ft; Mote Mountain, 3,200 ft; Mote Mountain, south peak, 2,700 ft; Lake of 
the Clouds (Blue Pond), 5,009 ft; White Mountain Notch, 1,914 ft; Saco 
Pond (head of Saco River), 1,880 ft; Saco River (at Willey House), 1,300 ft ; 
Fabyan's, 1,571 ft; Base of Mt Washington, 2,668 ft; Ossipee Lake, 408 ft; 
Mountain Pond, 1,300 ft; Six-mile Pond, 456 ft; Chocorua Lake, 550 ft; Bear 
Camp Pond, 600 ft; Dan Hole Pond, 775 ft; Pine River Pond, 550 ft; Prov- 
ince Pond, 525 ft; East Pond (Lake Newicha wan nock), 499 ft ; Horn Pond, 
479 ft; Lovell's Pond, 550 ft; Smith's Pond, 525 ft; Red Hill Pond, 590 ft; 
Long Pond, 505 ft; Squam Lake, 510 ft; Lake Winnipiseogee, 496-502 ft; 
Wakefield Summit, 690 ft ; Wolfeborough Junction, 574 ft ; West Ossipee, 
428 ft; Conway, 466 ft; North Conway, 521 ft; Upper Bartlett, 660 ft; 
Jackson, 759 ft; Drakesville (Effingham), 381 ft; Freedom, 396 ft; South 
Tamworth, 630 ft ; Sandwich, 648 ft ; Tuftonborough, 889 ft ; Moultonborough 
Centre, 581 ft ; Water Village (Ossipee), 745 ft. 



Pock Formations — Rock Systems — The Age of Ice — Glacial Drift — Lower Till — 
Upper Till — Champlain Period — Karnes — Recent or Terrace Period, etc. etc. 

ROCK FORMATIONS. — These are the fundamental characters of the 
geological book, and, before we dilate on the later periods, due attention 
must be given to the backbone of the edifice. 
The rocks of Carroll county, beginning with the lowest, are the Acidic and 
Basic groups of the unstratified, and the Azoic, Eozoic, and Paleozoic groups of 
the stratified rocks. Of these, the oldest, or bed-rock, is a very coarse granite, 
or gneiss, conceded now to be of eruptive (volcanic) origin, that, with different 
arrangements of the same constituents, is given different names. Ledges of 
these rocks show large quadrangular patches of feldspar of a light color, 

Geology. 5 

varying from a fraction of an inch to three <>r more inches in length. Quartz 
ami feldspar, with white and black mica, and sometimes hornblende, are the 
constituent elements of those primitive or acidic rocks, sienite, granite, and 
porphyry. These iinstratified fundamental rocks are the oldest rocks in New 

Hampshire, and form the vast volume of the White Mountains, and nowhere in 
New England can he found a Wetter opportunity to read in the earliest pages of 
the " Book of Nature " than is presented in the scarred rocks, wild gorges, and 
precipitous chasms of these eternally enduring and ever magnificent creal ions of 
a God nt Power. A brief mention of the rocks is sufficient for our purpose in 
this volume, but the aspiring student who would pursue their study in the 
interest of science or for personal gratification will find that Professor 
Hitchcock and his co-laborers have thoroughly and. exhaustively covered the 
ground in that excellent monument to their scientific attainments, " The Geology 
of New Hampshire." 

Rock Systems. — Prof. C. H. Hitchcock gives as the rock systems of the 
White Mountain district: 1. Laurentian, represented by the porphyritic 
gneiss, and Bethlehem group. 2. Atlantic, consisting of the Lake or Berlin 
and Montalban or White Mountain gneisses, and Franconia breccia. 3. Lab- 
rador. 4. HuronioM. 5. Merrimack schists. 6. Andalusite schist group. 7. 
Eruptions of porphyry. 8. Eruptions of the Conway, Albany, and Chocorua 
granites and sienites. 9. Formation of the Mt Pequaivket (Kearsarge') or Mt 
Mute porphyritic breccia. 

The Age of Ice. — It is perhaps desirable to devote some space in this 
volume to the Age of Ice, as in this period and those immediately following, 
when the colossal ice-sheet, which was so thick that the top of Mount 
Washington was deeply covered, was removed, and the surface, soil, and water- 
courses of the county were formed, the lakes established in their boundaries, 
and the conditions necessary to civilized occupancy were arranged and 

The indications of a glacial period are probably as well shown in this section 
of New England as anywhere in the world. Underlying the modified drift are 
often found masses of earth and rocks mingled confusedly together, having 
neither stratification nor any appearance of having been deposited in water. 
These are the glacial drift, or till. This drift frequently covers the slopes, and 
even the summits, of the highest mountains, as well as the lesser elevations. 
It contains bowlders of all sizes, up to thirty feet in diameter, which have 
nearly all been carried southward from their native ledges, and can be traced, 
in some instances, for a hundred miles, southward or southeastward. Wherever 
till occurs, the ledges have mostly been worn to a rounded form, and, if the rock 
be hard, it is covered with long scratches, or striae, in the direction of the 
course taken by the bowlders. Geology now refers these to a moving ice-sheet 
which spread over this continent from the north, and, as before stated, was of 

Histoby of Carroll County. 

sufficient thickness to cover even Mount Washington. This ice-sheet was so 
much thicker at the north than in this latitude that its great weight pressed the 
ice steadily onward and outward to the south-southeast. The termination of 
this ice-sheet in the Atlantic, southeast of New England, was probably like 
the great ice-wall of the Antarctic continent, along which Sir J. C. Ross sailed 
450 miles, finding only one point low enough to allow the smooth white plain of 
the upper surface to be seen from the mast-head. This extended, apparently 
boundless, and was of dazzling whiteness. 

There was a long, continuous period of glacial action, with times of retreat 
and advance, but never a complete departure and return of a continental ice- 
sheet. The motion of this ice, being caused by its own weight, must have 
been slow indeed. Over the highlands between the St Lawrence river and 
Hudson bay the ice-sheet was three or four miles in thickness; over Greenland 
much thicker, and over the White Mountains it reached nearly or quite to the 
line of perpetual snow. The till, or coarse glacial drift, was made by the long- 
continued wearing and grinding of the ice-sheet. As this slowly advanced, 
fragments were torn from the ledges, held in the bottom of the ice, and worn 
by friction upon the surface over which it moved. This material, crushed 
beneath the ice into minute fragments or fine powder, is called the Lower Till. 
While the lower till was being made under the ice, large quantities of coarse 
and line matter were swept away from hill-slopes and mountain-sides, and 
carried forward in the ice. As this melted, much of this matter fell loosely on 
the surface, forming an unstratified deposit of gravel, earth, and bowlders. 
This deposit geologists call the Upper Till. Usually this is found above the 
lower till, the line of separation being at a distance of from two to twenty feet. 
The departure of the ice-sheet was attended by a rapid deposition of the 
abundant materials therein contained. The retreat of the ice-sheet was 
toward the northwest and north, and it is probable that its final melting took 
place mostly on the surface, so that, at the last, great amounts of its deposits 
were exposed to the washing of many streams. The finer particles were 
generally carried away, and the strong current of the glacial rivers transported 
coarse gravel and bowlders of considerable size. 

When these streams entered the valley from which the ice had retreated, or 
their currents were slackened by less rapid descent, a deposition took place, 
where the channel was still walled by ice, in succession of coarse gravel, fine 
gravel, sand, and fine silt or clay. These deposits filled the valleys, and 
increased in depth in the same way that additions are now made to the 
bottom-lands or intervals of our large rivers by the floods of spring. They are 
called Modified Drift, and geology gives this name to the period from the 
depart uk; of the iee-sheet to the present. This modified drift occurs in almost 
every valley of New Hampshire, and comprises the intervals which are annually 
overflowed, and the successive terraces which rise in steps upon the sides of the 

Geology. 7 

valley, the highest often forming extensive plains. Dr Dana has given the 
name of Champlain Period to the time of the deposition of bhe modified drift 
daring the melting of the ice-sheet. During the Champlain period, the ice 
became molded upon the surface, by the process of destruction, into great 
basins or valleys : at the last, the passages through, which the melting waters 
passed off came gradually to coincide with the depressions of the presenl 

These lowest and warmest portions of the land were first herd from the 
ice; and, as the melted area slowly extended into the continental glacier, its 
vast Hoods found their outlet at the head of the existing valley. In these 
channels were deposited materials gathered by the streams from the melting 
glacier. By the low water of winter, layers of sand were formed, and by the 
strong currents of summer, layers of gravel, often very coarse. These layers 
are irregularly bedded, here sand, and there gravel, accumulating, and inter- 
Btratified without much order with each other. 

These, the oldest of our deposits of modified drift, are long ridges, or 
intermixed short ridges and mounds, composed of very coarse water-worn 
gravel, or of alternate gravel and sand irregularly bedded. Wherever the 
ordinary fine alluvium occurs, it overlies or partly covers these deposits. The 
geological name for these is Karnes. 

The extensive level plains and high terraces bordering the New Hampshire 
rivers were also deposited in the Champlain period, as the open vallej's became 
gradually filled with great depths of gravel, sand, and clay (alluvium), which 
were brought down by the glacier rivers from the melting ice-sheet, or washed 
from the till after the ice had retreated, and which were deposited in the same 
way as those made by high floods at the present day. During the recent or 
terrace period, the rivers have cut deep and wide channels in this alluvium, and 
the terraces mark heights at which, in their work of erosion, they have left 
portions of their successive flood-plains. 

The lenticular accumulations of till which have been observed east of Lake 
Winnipiseogee lie most frequently on the northwest side of hills, which was 
struck by the full force of the ice-current. 

The hill upon which Sandwich Lower Corner is built may serve as an 
example. The north side of this hill is a smooth lenticular slope of till, but 
ledge appears at its top and on its south side. Fernald's hill in Tuftonborough, 
a mile east of Melvin village, also has a very regular north and northwest slope 
of till. 

A bed of stratified gravel and sand occurs in the lower till of this deposit. 
The highest point of this hill is ledge, which forms all its southeast side, being 
ID many places precipitous. A similar mass of lower till, with modified drift 
beneath or enclosed in it, lies on the northwest side of a hill two miles 
northeast of Wolfeborough village. Pray hill, north of Tine River pond in 

8 History of Carroll County. 

Wakefield, has a fine northwest slope of till, while its southeast slope is ledge. 
Fogg's Ridge, one mile south of Pocket hill in Ossipee, is the only true 
lenticular hill seen in Carroll county. This is a typical example, showing no 
ledges for 100 feet below its highest point. Its whole northwest and north 
slopes appear to be composed of till; on the south and southeast, ledges form 
the base of the hill, extending halfway to its top. 



Saco River — Pine River — Ossipee Lake — Altitudes Around Winnipiseogee Lake — 
Departure of the Ice-sheet — Lake Basins — Terraces — Karaes — Clay — Dunes — Lake Dis- 
trict Elevations — Conway Bowlders — The Washington Bowlder — Ordination Rock — Madi- 
son Bowlder — White Mountain Granites. 

TYTODIFIED DRIFT. — The southeastern part of the White Mountain 
district is drained by the Saco, which has its farthest sources in Saco 
r pond and Mt Washington river. The watershed at the Crawford 

house, which divides this from the Lower Ammonoosuc river, is formed by 
a deposit of very coarse modified drift, which was swept down into this 
mountain-pass in the Champlain period. Its height is 1,000 feet above the 
sea ; and Saco pond, which fills a depression in this deposit, is 20 feet lower. 
The small stream which issues from this pond passes through the White 
Mountain Notch, falling 600 feet in the first three miles, and nearly as much 
more in the next nine miles. Along this distance it flows between' lofty 
mountains, whose sides are often precipitous walls of rock. A fine view of 
this part of its valley is afforded from the top of Mt Willard. Far above 
rise the rugged heights of Webster and Willey, almost vertical in their upper 
part, but below bending in graceful, regular curves, composed of materials 
which have fallen from each side, and form an apparently smoothed hollow 
for highway and river. The principal superficial deposits along this steep 
portion of the river are such rocky debris as has crumbled from the mountains, 
or the equally coarse unstratified till. In the bed of the stream these mate- 
rials have become water-worn, but only limited deposits of gravel and sand 
are found. 

At the west line of Bartlett the Saco is 745 feet above the sea. In the 


next eight miles, to the mouth of Ellis river, i1 descends aboul 30 feet to the 
mile, flowing over modified drift. This consists of gravel and Band, and above 
Rocky Branch these occupy an area one fourth to one half a mile wide, which 
lies mostly on the south side of the river, forming a nearly continuous interval 
10 to 15 feet in height, which slopes with the stream, and irregular terraces 
which reach 25 feet higher. 

From den Station in Bartlett to Conway Corner, the alluvial area averages 
fully a mile in width, lying in nearly equal amount on each side of the river. 
The greater portion of this is interval from 10 to 20 feet in height, which is 
often seen to be composed of coarse gravel overlaid by fine silt, as on Andros- 
coggin river. The flood-plain of the Champlain period is shown in the higher 
terraces of sand or tine gravel, 40 to 60 feet above the river, which are nearly 
continuous on both sides. North Conway is built on a wide portion of the 
east terrace. The form of these terraces, with their surfaces level, but usually 
narrow and bounded by steep escarpments, and their correspondence in 
height on opposite sides of the valley, make it easy to understand that a wide 
plain once reached across the intervening area. 

Along Seavey's falls, the Saco is bordered on both sides by slopes of till 
and ledge. The modified drift of the highest terrace, however, is continuous 
between Pine and Rattlesnake hills, and thence extends two miles to the east 
on the north side of the river; on the south it reaches from Conway Centre 
to the northeast side of Walker's pond, and thence is nearly continuous, 
though narrow, eastward to Maine line. East from the outlet of Walker's 
pond, the interval between this terrace and the river on the south is not wide, 
but on the north it extends from one half to one mile from the river, rising 
with a gentle slope to a height about 25 feet above it. On this side the most 
elevated part of the alluvial area, as at Conway street, is only a few feet 
above the reach of high water. The ancient flood-plain, from 40 to 50 feet 
above the present river (as shown by its terrace on the south), may have 
extended over this whole area. It would then appear that the river here 
began its excavation on the north side, and has been gradually cutting its 
channel deeper as it has slowly moved across this area southward. Remnants 
of the former high flood-plain are thus found at a nearly constant height above 
the river for fourteen miles, sloping in this distance more than 100 feet. The 
height of Saco river at the state line is about 400 feet above the sea. 

From the modified drift of Pine river, Ossipee lake, and Saco river, we 
learn the history of this part of New Hampshire in the Champlain period. 
After the ice-sheet had retreated from the coast, it seems for a long time to 
have still covered the Ossipee lake basin and the valley of Pine river and 
Balch ponds. The kames of this valley were deposited during this time in 
the channel of a glacial river, which carried forward its liner gravel and sand 
to form the plains that extend southeast from Balch pond. The coarse 

10 Histoey or Carroll County. 

material and irregular surface of nearly all the modified drift along the 
upper part of Pine river indicate that masses of ice still remained at the time 
of its deposition. 

After this the ice-sheet disappeared from the broad, low basin of Ossipee 
lake, and again, for a long time, had its terminal front at the border of the 
low area from which it had retreated. Its moraines fill the west and higher 
side of the narrow valley between Madison and Conway. These gradually 
change, as we come to the centre of the valley, to ordinary water-kames. This 
appears to have been the first outle't from the melting of the ice-sheet over the 
Saco valley and the southeast side of the White Mountains ; and the material 
brought down was spread out to form the extensive sand-and-gravel plains 
about Ossipee and Silver lakes. The comparatively small amount of levelly 
stratified drift associated with the kames in Madison and Conway makes it 
probable that the present outlet by Saco river was opened before the ice here 
had wholly disappeared. 

The lowest points of the watershed around Winnipiseogee lake are: — 
Summit on railroad between Meredith village and Pemigewasset valley at 
Ashland, 166 feet (ten feet below the natural surface) ; at two and a half 
miles north from Meredith village, about 140 ; at same distance north from 
Centre Harbor, about 100, these points being the lowest between this and 
Squam lake ; the Varney pass, between Moultonborough and the Bear Camp 
valley, about 150 ; summit on railroad between Wolfeborough and Salmon 
Falls valley, 164 ; between Smith's pond and Cook's pond, about 200 ; summit 
on railroad between Alton bay and Cocheco valley, 72 ; and near Lily pond in 
Gilford, between the lake and Long bay, about 75 feet. The two last of these 
places show by their modified drift that they were formerly outlets of the lake. 

These lake basins lie upon the south side of the White Mountains, from 
which source we might expect a greater depth of ice to move southward and 
cover this area near the close of the glacial period than would at that time 
remain in other parts of the state to the east and west. The ice-sheet proba- 
bly lay over Squam and Winnipiseogee lakes in a broad, mountain-like ridge 
till after it was almost wholly melted away over the lowlands of York county, 
Maine, in the basin of Ossipee lake, and for some distance along the Bear 
( lamp valley. The departure of the ice-sheet along the Merrimack and 
Pemigewasset valley appears also to have proceeded more rapidly than upon 
the higher land on its east side, so that over Winnipiseogee and Squam lakes 
the drainage from the melting ice was outward both to the east and west. 

The noticeable feature in the surface geology of these lakes is the absence 
of modified drift. Their shores are chiefly of coarse glacial drift or till with 
occasional ledges. The basin of Ossipee lake, on the contrary, is characterized 
by very extensive, and probably thick, deposits of modified drift, presenting 
a remarkable contrast. These deposits are also abundant in the Pemigewasset 

Geology Continued. Modified Drift, Kto. 11 

valley on the west. Their conspicuous absence from these intervening basins 
needs to be accounted for, and this seems to he due to differenl rates of 
progress in the departure of the ice. The later continuance of the ice-sheel 
over these lakes turned all the drainage from the south side of the White 
Mountains into the Ossipee basin and Pemigewasset valley, and even caused 
the modified drift which was contained in this part of the ice to be mostly 
carried away. 

At the head of Moultonborough hay we find swampy land along its 
east shore for a mile, and, farther east, an extensive deposit of sand, undulat- 
ing and partly covered with pines, reaching a mile from the lake, with its 
highest portions 40 feet above it. 

The next modified drift is four miles to the southeast of Melvin village. 
Melvin river here brought down in the Champlain period a small plain of 
gravel and sand, which, since that time, has been partly excavated by the 
stream and partly undermined and carried away by the lake, so that it forms 
a terrace '20 feet high. Another tributary to the lake, a mile farther southeast, 
is bordered by terraces of similar height near its mouth. 

( )n the northeast side of Twenty-mile bay, two miles south from Melvin 
village, a bold shore of coarse till, with many large bowlders, is bordered by 
an old beach, about oOO feet long and 100 wide, which slopes from the water's 
edge to ten or twelve feet above high water. It is composed of fine stratified 
sand, which is clayey below a foot or two of the surface. 

Karnes. — The oldest of our deposits of modified drift are long ridges, or 
intermixed short ridges and mounds, composed of very coarse water-worn 
gravel, or of alternate layers of gravel and sand irregularly bedded, a section 
of which shows an arched or anticlinal stratification. Wherever the ordinary 
tine alluvium also occurs, it overlies, or in part covers, these deposits. An 
interesting series of kames extends from Saco river to Silver lake, and from 
Ossipee lake southeasterly along Pine river, and by Pine river and Balch ponds 
into Maine. About three miles south of Melvin village there is a kame 
extending two thirds of a mile from northwest to southeast along the top of 
a hill about 100 feet above the lake. It does not form a definite ridge, and 
could hardly he distinguished from the till by its contour. Its materials are 
coarse and fine gravel ami sand interstratilied. Bowlders are enclosed in many 
portions, hut a well 30 feet deep encountered no bowlders, being all the way 
through sand or fine gravel. Nineteen-mile hay and brook are a half-mile 
farther south. Here the road passes over the alluvium brought down by this 
brook, which, like that at the head of Twenty-mile bay, is only three or four 
feet above the lake. Nineteen-mile brook is bordered by considerable widths 
of low alluvium for two miles above its mouth to where it is crossed by the 
mail, a mile and a half south, for Centre Tuftonborough. 

From the brook to this village, and for a half-mile farther north, kanie-like 

12 History of Carroll County. 

deposits of limited amount are seen here and there, at heights of 100 to 200 
feet above the lake. East from this road, interesting kames extend more than 
a mile along the northeast side of Nineteen-mile brook. These cover a width 
of a fourth of a mile, consisting of successive small plains from half an acre 
to two or three acres in extent, usually surrounded by hollows, and rising one 
after another from 30 or 50 to 100 feet above the stream, or fully 150 feet 
above the lake. These small level-topped deposits consist of sand and water- 
worn gravel, with the largest pebbles about one foot in diameter. Bowlders 
are occasionally but not frequently enclosed. These kames begin about two 
miles southeast from that described between Twenty-mile and Nineteen-mile 
bays. These, and the similar deposits which occasionally appear about Centre 
Tuftonborough, probably had a common date and cause. Advancing to the 
southeast we leave the modified drift, but cross a watershed which is probably 
lower than the highest of these kames, and thence follow Hersey brook to 
Lake Wentworth. A sandy plain, about 50 feet above the pond, or 75 feet 
above the lake, is found on the west side of this brook near its mouth, covering 
about half a mile square. The shores of this pond, like those of the lake, are 
almost entirely till or ledge. 

Upper Beech pond, covering perhaps 150 acres, and about 300 feet above 
Winnipiseogee, is situated a mile and a half northeast from the kames last 
described. Its outlet is to Ossipee lake by Beech river, but only a very slight 
barrier at its southwest side prevents its flowing to Winnipiseogee lake by 
Nineteen-mile brook. This barrier consists of a kame, which in its northwest 
portion is a nearly level plain three or four acres in extent, but for several 
hundred feet southeast from this it is narrowed to a mere ridge. The gravel 
of the small plain is but slightly water-worn, the rock fragments being from 
a foot to a foot and a half in size. The ridge consists of sand or fine gravel, 
in which fragments larger than six inches are uncommon. 

This whole deposit is bounded by steep slopes, both against the pond and 
on the opposite side. The height of the plain is 20 to 30 feet above the pond, 
while its southwest slope falls abruptly to 20 or 30 feet below it. Large 
springs, fed from the pond, issue at the bottom of this bank. Except at 
this point and its outlet, this pond is surrounded by high hills; no other 
kame-like deposits occur on its shores or in the steeply sloping valley that 
descends towards the southwest from this barrier. 

The shores of the lake through Wolfeborough have no modified drift worthy 
of note. 

On the east side of Squam lake, in Moultonborough, are frequent deposits 
of clay. This was used for brick-making sixty years ago. The side of Red 
hill, which rises near at hand on the east, is said to have in many places (to 
a height 300 feet above the lake) a stratum of clay underlying one to three 
feet of coarse till. On the north side of this lake the clay in the southwest 

Geology Continued. Modified Deipt, Etc. L3 

corner of Sandwich, which was extensively worked for brick-making sixty 
years ago, appears to belong in the same class. 

At Wolfeborough, the hillside of till southeast from the "Bridge" has an 

underlying- stratum of clay. Wells at the Glcndon house, aboul twenty-five 
feet above the lake, show some six feel of till, then an equal depth of clay 
with till beneath. Near the Pavilion, about fifty feet above the lake, a well 
showed eight feet of eoarse till, then two feet of ferruginous earth, then twelve 
feet of clay free from stones, and underlaid by the compact, stony, lower till. 
About thirty rods southeast from the last, a well passed through eight feet of 
till, and then through four feet of clay underlaid by till. About the same 
distance farther southeast a well found this layer of clay only one foot thick. 
occurring ten feet below the surface. The last two places are only a few feel 
higher than that near the Pavilion. Nearly all that part of the village which 
lies southeast from the "Bridge " is built on a thick mass of till, which encloses 
a continuous stratum of clay. Northeast from the Pavilion a slope descends in 
about twenty-five rods to a small pond, which is tributary to the lake and of 
the same height. This slope has a surface of till with numerous bowlders; but 
excavations for brick-making show that the clay beneath has a thickness of 
fully twenty feet, with its bottom resting on till only a few feet above the 
lake. The till on the surface is from one to eight feet deep. This clay is 
free from pebbles, and is finely laminated in its lower portion, while its upper 
part sometimes crumbles into small angular pieces. No deposits of clay appear 
to occur in the thinner till which covers the hillside northwest from the 
" Bridge." 

At the northwest ends of Rattlesnake and Davis islands, deposits of clay 
are found similar to that of Clay point, and, in former times, it was excavated 
at both these places for brick-making. 

The series of kames in Tuftonborough and Wolfeborough was probably 
formed at nearly the same time by a glacial river from the northwest, after 
the ice had disappeared from the south end of the lake, and from the basin 
of Lake Wentworth. 

hums. — Wind-blown banks of sand, or dunes, apparently isolated on the 
hillsides, are occasionally found along the east side of Connecticut and 
Merrimack valleys and southeast of Ossipee lake, at heights varying from 
the Level of the highest terrace or plain to 200 feet above it. These patches 
of sand are very conspicuous because they are often destitute of vegetation. 
being blown in drifts by the wind. They vary in size, the longest sometimes 
covering an acre or more, with their thickest portions from 10 to 15 feet in 
depth. These dunes appear to have been swept up from the broad plains of 
the Champlain period, before forests had fully covered the land, by the strong 
northwest winds, which we may suppose prevailed then the same as now. Since 
the clearing awa\ of the forest, the upper portion of these trains of sand has 

14 History of Carroll County. 

sometimes been carried several hundred feet onward, and from thirty to fifty 
feel higher. The excavation of the old drifts has been six or seven feet in 
depth, as shown by great stumps, beneath which the sand has been swept away. 
These dunes are ridged, channeled, and heaped up by the wind in the same 
manner as the more extensive dunes of a seacoast. 

Lake District Elevations. — The Ossipee mountains have an area in oval 
form of from six by ten miles, and are situated in the adjoining- corners of 
Ossipee, Tamworth, Moultonborough, and Tuftonborough. The Bear Camp 
river flows along the northern side. Two streams flowing east have cut very 
large valleys out of the eastern side, the largest, LovelFs (Lovewell's) river ; 
the smaller, a tributary of Pine river heading in Dan Hole pond. The highest 
Ossipee mountain has an altitude of about 2,000 feet. Red hill was named in 
1 7 *, * 7 Mt Wentworth by Dr Dwight, in honor of Gov. John Wentworth. Its 
length is three miles, with a breadth of one half that distance. It lies in 
Moultonborough and Sandwich. Green mountain (Effingham) is about four 
miles long and shaped much like Red hill. The sandy plains of Ossipee, 
Freedom, and Madison have an elevation of from four hundred to five hundred 
and fifty feet. Between Ossipee and Passaconaway mountains in Tamworth 
and Sandwich, the average elevation is from five hundred and fifty to six 
hundred and fifty feet. The highest points in Tamworth are Chatman's, Great, 
and McDaniel's hills. The soil here is much better than in the sandy plains 
eastward, and the extensive meadows along the Bear Camp river are profitable 
to their owners, as well as gratifying to the eyes of the artistic visitors. Bear 
Camp river has its source in several streams flowing from the south side of the 
Sandwich and Albany mountains. It passes through Tamworth in an easterly 
direction, and receives a considerable stream coming from Albany, in Ossipee, 
and falls into Ossipee lake on its western border. 

Conway Bowlders. — Prof. E. J. Houston described a large bowlder in 
North Conway in much detail in the Journal of the Franklin Institute, in 
1871. He calls it the Pequawket bowlder. " It is of coarse granite, with 
a preponderance of feldspar, considerable quartz, and very little mica. The 
general form is that of a paralleloped, one of whose longer sides is partly 
buried. The length is 52 feet 6 inches; greatest breadth, 21 feet; greatest 
height, 33 feet 2 inches ; and it is estimated to weigh 2,300 tons. Several 
Large fragments surround the mass, seemingly once connected with it. One 
is 31 feet 7 inches long, 15 feet 3 inches broad, and 11 feet 7 inches high. 
Several spruces and beeches conceal the bowlder from the road. A few 
hundred feet below the Pequawket is another mass 31 by 18 by 21 feet." 

The Washington Bowlder is about a mile northeast from Conway Centre, 
near Pine hill. Its dimensions maybe expressed by about 30 feet wide, 40 
long, and 25 high. It is one of the notable objeets of Conway, and is composed 
of the granite for which the town is famous. 


Bartlett Bowlder. — This is not so noted for size, as position. It has the 
typical shape of glaciated stones, is 15 feel long, L2 feel wide, 10 feet high, 
and rests upon four smaller blocks. The entire assemblage rests on stratified 

sand; hence it was moved to its present position at the time of the inciting of 
the ice. 

Ordination Rock. — This is in Tamworth, west of the centre village, and 
has a Hat top reached by artificial steps, and is surmounted by a monument. 
It is :'>() feet long, 20 feet wide, 15 high, and composed of Conway granite. It 
came from the north or northeast. This rock takes its name from the fact that 
on September 12, 17i»2, Rev. Samuel Hidden was, on its top, ordained pastor of 
the First Church of Tamworth. [See Tamworth history elsewhere in this 

Madison Bowlder. — The largest of these glacial "travelers" on this 
continent is perhaps the one situated in the northwest [tart of Madison, 
not far from the White Ledge quarries. Its length is 75 feet, height from 
the surface of the ground 38 feet, and it has six sides, respectively 32, 22, 75, 
31, 14, and 40§ feet, making a circumference of 214| feet. The existence 
of this rock is known to comparatively few; it is rarely visited, and was first 
examined and measured by B. F. Clark and C. W. Wilder about 1887. It is 
granite of a porphyritic texture, and closely resembles the rock forming the 
summit of Mt Willard. The lower ends are scow-shaped, and the mass rests 
apon a bed of pieces of rock of the same material. A few bowlders are near 
by, one or two of them being as large or larger than Ordination Rock. One 
end and one side have evidently been polished in its journey hither. 

White Mountain Granites. — These are the Conway, Albany, Chocorua, and 
sienite groups. Certain portions of these mountains can be quarried and made 
a marketable commodity. Other parts are unsuitable for building purposes, 
because they easily disintegrate. This disintegration is caused by the presence 
of innumerable pores in the feldspar which admit water charged with carbonic 
acid. The Conway granite mountains are not of this character. The other 
varieties also afford grades of building-stone which has only to be utilized to be 
appreciated. The liner grained varieties of Conway marble near the Portland 
and Ogdensburgh railroad are very durable. 

16 History of Carroll County. 



Copper — Arsenic — Galenite and Silver — Bornite — Sphalerite — Fyrite — Chalcopyrite 
— Arsenopyrite — Fluorite — Hematite — Magnetite — Tin — Limonite — (Quartz — Beryl — 
Epidote — Mica — Feldspar — Tourmaline — Chiastolite — Fibrolite — Apatite — Scorodite — 
< alcite — Novaculite — Gold. 

COPPER. — On Eastman's hill, Jackson, native copper was found while 
Masting for tin ore, and in connection with other copper ores. 
Arsenic. — Native arsenic is a rare mineral in the United States, and 
almost its only localities are in New Hampshire. It has been seen at the tin 
mine in Jackson. It occurs in thin layers in a dark-blue mica schist, associated 
with iron and arsenical pyrites. 

Galenite. — Galena is common in New Hampshire. It occurs in small beds 
and veins, and though it has never been found in such large quantities as to 
make it a profitable lead ore, yet the uniform presence in it of varying 
amounts of silver has always made it a mineral of great interest, and numerous 
attempts have been made to mine it. It is well to bear in mind that no 
marked success has ever yet attended these operations. The galenas that 
are found in these highly crystalline regions are often quite rich in silver ; 
and, as rich ores have been found in this state, the zeal in searching for them 
has always been active, but the amount of ore is always small and its 
extraction difficult. In Madison, where the surface indications were promising 
and extensive operations begun, the money expended was lost, and the 
workings long abandoned, but lately the mine has been again opened with 
flattering prospects. Galena may be found in Madison, near White pond in 
Tamworth, and in small quantities scattered through the rocks in general. 
The galena from Madison was assayed and 94 ounces to the ton obtained 
with a large per cent, of silver. Though it is widely distributed, it ma} r be 
quite safely affirmed that New England will never add any very great amount 
to the world's production of silver. 

Bornite. — Sulphide of copper occurs sparingly, associated with other 
copper ores, in Jackson. 

Sphalerite. — At Madison there is a large vein of zinc blende. 

Pyrite. — Iron pyrites is very common, both in masses and as a constituent 
of the rocks. It forms a large proportion of the material of some metallic 
veins. At Red hill, in Moultonborough, it is to be obtained in abundance. 

Minerals. 17 

Chalcopyrite is widely distributed over the state in varying amounts, but 
never in such quantity as to make workable deposits, although openings have 

been made with the hope of profit. It is found in Madison and Jackson. 

Arsenopyrite. — Large masses of the non-crystalline variety are found at 

Fluorite is found at the Notch in beautiful sea-green octahedrons, of the 
size of hickory nuts and of perfect form. It occurs in the quartz veins. 
These green octahedrons are found on Mts Crawford and Webster, at Bemis 
brook, and, indeed, all along the White Mountain Notch. It is also found at 
.Jackson in crystals of green, white, and purple. Fluor spar also occurs as a 
microscopic ingredient of the granites and sienites on Chocorua mountain. 

Hematite. — A part of the iron ore in the beds at Bartlett and Jackson is 

Magnetite. — Large amounts of magnetic iron are associated with the 
hematite at Bartlett. It is also found on Thorn mountain, in Jackson. 

Tin was first discovered in the United States in 1841, at Jackson. Large 
excavations have been made with the idea of extracting the ore, but no 
quantities sufficient to yield metal of consequence were found. The tin at 
Jackson is dark-colored and opaque, except in the thinnest fragments. The 
veins arc from half an inch to several inches wide, but they are mostly filled 
with arsenopyrite, chalcopyrite, and other minerals. The veins are in mica 

Limonite. — Bog iron ore has been found in the bottom of Six-mile pond, in 
Madison, also in Moultonborough. 

Quartz. — Common transparent, glassy quartz forms a large proportion of 
our rocks, and is, moreover, found in the most grand and beautiful crystalliza- 
tions. Fine, large, clear crystals arc found at Bartlett and the White 
Mountain Notch. Smoky quartz is found at Bartlett and the Notch. Quartz 
of a delicate rose color, called rose quartz, occurs in mica schist rocks in the 
White Mountains, and is quite abundant on Mt Washington; much of it is 
annually carried away by tourists. Amethyst, or purple quartz, is found at 
Mt Cr;i\\ ford. 

Beryl. — The largest beryls of the world are in New Hampshire. Professor 
Hitchcock obtained one for the state museum weighing half a ton. Smaller 
but much more perfect crystals are found in the islands of Lake Winnipiseogee, 
Chatham (in the stream near the path to Baldface), and at many places in the 
White .Mountains. 

Epidote fills a vein in Jackson, from which immense crystals have been 
taken, some of which were eight inches in diameter and of a tine green color. 
Smaller but better crystals, and also twins, are more common. 

Mica in New Hampshire is an important mineral from an economic stand- 
point, and a most common and interesting rock constituent. The color of 

18 History of Carroll County. 

granites, as well as many schists, is largely due to the kind of mica they 
contain. Granites that contain the white micas are light colored, while the 
black micas make the granite dark colored in proportion to the quantity of 
mica contained. 

Feldspar. — In a county like Carroll, which is covered by crystalline 
rocks, feldspar is, next to quartz, the predominant mineral. 

Tourmaline. — Localities of note for black tourmaline are Moultonborough 
and White Mountain Notch (very large). All through the White Mountains 
little tourmalines are seen here and there scattered through the schists. 
Sometimes they are very abundant and of considerable size, and sometimes 
small and sparsely disseminated. 

Chiastolite. — The variety of andalusite called chiastolite is abundant in 
the state. It abounds on some parts of Mt Washington, in Albany, and other 
places in Carroll county. 

Fibrolite exists in some of the schists of the White Mountains in such 
amounts as to give a character to the rock. 

Apatite is found in Jackson. The augite sienite of Jackson is filled with 
very perfect crystals which are large enough for optical examination. The 
gabbros at Mt Washington contain apatite in fine crystals of some size. 

Scorodite, the hydrous arsenate of iron, is said to have been found at the 
tin mines in Jackson. 

Calcite. — Crystals of calcite are found at the Notch. 

Novaculite, or oil-stone, so highly prized for sharpening tools, exists in 
Tamworth of a black color. 

Gold has been mined for to some extent, although geologists consider it 
not present in any quantity. The " Diamond Ledge Gold " mine was opened 
near Sandwich Centre in 1877, and a yield of $49 a ton was claimed. A 
company is now developing a property in Sandwich. Certain quartz veins in 
Ossipee and Wakefield have been supposed to contain gold. 

Floba. 10 



Alleghanian, Canadian, Arctic or Alpine Divisions — White-Pine — Pitcb and Red-Pine — 

Hemlock — Oaks — Chestnut — Butternut — Elm — Maples — Birches — Beech — Black and 
White Ash — Black, Choke, and Fire Cherries — Black-Spruce — White-Spruce — Balsam-Fir 
— American Larch — Poplar — Small Trees and Shrubs — Alpine Plants. 

CARROLL COUNTY is on the transition line between the southern or 
Alleghanian division of New England flora and the northern or Canadian 
division. If we were to attempt to draw an abrupt line of division, it 
w.mld run from the Maine line in Conway to Lake Winnipiseogee, marking an 
elevation of from live to six hundred feet above the sea; but an arbitrary line 
cannot be drawn. The two divisions interweave, advance and retire, and 
intermingle with each other for some distance. In the northern section are the 
black and white spruce, arbor-vita', balsam-fir, sugar-maple, and beech. In the 
southern division are the chestnut, white-oak, etc.; while the range of the 
various [lines and walnuts, red-oak and hemlock, and the white or river maple 
is principally confined to this division. The White Mountains introduce 
another division of flora into this county — the Arctic or Alpine, which is not 
that of trees, but only of dwarfed and abnormal growths and mossy and lichen- 
oid plants. We will enumerate a few of the principal plants of each division, 
and refer the reader for further information to the proper botanical works. 

White-Pine. — During the Indian occupation the territory now Carroll 
county was covered with heavy forests. The king of all the towering growths 
was the massive white-pine. At the commencement of European possession of 
this state all the river valleys were filled with a stately growth, reaching in 
some cases to a height of two hundred and fifty feet, and a diameter of from 
four to six; feet. This was an undeveloped mine of untold wealth. After 17-11 
there was a special reservation in all of the royal grants of "all white-pines tit 
for masting the royal navy," and wherever the wilderness was traversed by the 
surveyors of the royal forest, the "broad arrow" was stamped upon the most 
splendid specimens. To cut these stamped trees for any other purpose than 
masts in the royal navy was, under British law, a felony, and punishable 
by a tine of £100 sterling for each ••mast-tree" cut down. This arbitrary 
reservation caused great indignation in the thickly settled portions of the 
colony, and was, doubtless, one of the causes leading to the independence of 
the colony. Only here and there are scattered isolated white-pines of the 
original growth : the lumberman's axe has cut the rest away. 

20 History of Carroll County. 

Pitch and Red Pine. — The pitch-pine grew in numbers on the sandy plains 
and drift-knolls from Lake Winnipiseogee to North Conway, and yet is found in 
plenteous numbers of smaller trees. The handsome red-pine was scattered in 
groups, according to its companionable way, over the same territory, and went 
to a higher altitude, going up the Saeo valley to the head of the Notch. This 
is a very ornamental tree, of rapid growth, and worthy of special attention for 
its beauty. 

Hemlock. — The hemlock is as much at home in this county as in any part 
of the state, and was in great abundance in early days. It has not been so 
closely cut off as the white-pine, and will be a valuable product for years. It 
does not often ascend high on the mountain-sides, and may be said to be found 
at and below the foot of the mountains. It is frequently of immense size. A 
tree cut in Moultonborough was ( J0 feet long, with 290 rings of growth. 

Oaks. — The white-oak extended, and is now found, in the southern part 
of the county as far north as Ossipee lake. Its limit in altitude is about live 
hundred feet above the sea. The scrub, pin, or barren oak lives in sterner 
air, and is found as high as the sandy plains of Madison and Conway. The 
charming chestnut-oak finds one of its few abiding-places in New Hampshire 
in Ossipee, where it flourishes abundantly. The yellow-oak is usually a 
companion of the white-oak, and is found in the lower towns of Carroll. The 
red-oak is the hardiest of the oaks, and grows as high up as the lower part of 
the Notch, or to about one thousand feet above tide-water. 

Chestnut. — The chestnut, like the white-oak, is found in the lower part of 
the county. In a few localities near Lake Winnipiseogee, where the water 
modifies the temperature, it grows at a greater height than its real limit of 
altitude — four hundred feet above the sea. 

Butternut. — This grows along the borders of the streams to the base of the 

Hickory. — The shell-bark variety clings around the vicinity of Lake 
Winnipiseogee and the lower lands of the county. 

Elm. — The American elm, singly or in groups of very small numbers, adds 
a picturesque charm to the river landscapes all through the county, and follows 
them closely to the mountains. 

Maples. — The sugar or rock maple is a valuable economic factor in the 
wealth of the section where it is found, producing valuable timber and the cele- 
brated maple sugar and sirup. It grows in good soil, and, easily transplanted, 
makes one of the finest shade-trees. The red-maple gives the brilliant scarlet 
hue to the autumnal foliage, and its plenty and habitat will then be shown to 
be universal in the county below mountain altitudes. 

Birches. — The black, yellow, and canoe birches occupy the same range for 
the most part as the red-oak, yet the canoe or paper birch attains the highest 
elevation, its white bark showing in striking contrast with the deep-green 
foliage of the spruces and firs upon the mountain-sides. 

Flora. 21 

Beech. — This is one of the common trees of the county belo\* the fool of 
the mountains, not so numerous in the Notch as lower down, however, h is 
not a stately tree; almost always it is low, with " long diverging arms, stretch- 
ing outward at a large angle." 

Bhiili <nnt White Ash. — -These trees occur in the lower altitudes of the 
county, and approach the mountains, hut do not ascend them. 

Bl<ic/,\ Choke, and Fire Cherries. — These are found in the intervales as 
natives, and the latter varieties spring up thickly as second growth in some 
places where the land has been cleared. 

Black-Spruce. — This magnificent tree rises to the height of the lower 
forest, hut adds to the general effect as much by its sombre masses of color as 
by its outline ; the elegance peculiar to it in isolated positions is usually not 
attained in any great perfection in the thick woods. It makes huge forests 
itself, redolent of healing perfume, carpeted inimitably with thick mats of fresh 
moss. Here the spruce has sometimes attained enormous size. Josselyn, in 
1672, tells of spruce-trees "three fathom," eighteen feet, round about. Its 
blackish-green foliage appears along the mountain-sides, and, with the fir, it 
is the last of the aborescent vegetation to yield to the increased cold and tierce 
winds of the higher summits. Since the comparatively recent discovery of its 
excellence in lumber, extensive lumbering operations have been carried on, and 
the original growth is fast passing away. Unlike the white-pine, however, a 
new growth springs up, and, with proper attention and care, the supply may be 
kept up for a long period. 

White-Spruce. — This differs from the preceding in being of less size, having 
a lighter color and a more graceful habit. 

Balsam-Fir. — This is a lovely tree, of rare elegance of form, and has the 
most beautiful foliage of any of the evergreens, and also the smoothest trunk. 
The fir, intermingled with the black-spruce in about equal numbers, gives to 
the White Mountain scenery one of its most peculiar features. 

American Larch. — This tree, known also as the tamarack, or hackmatack, 
is chiefly found in swamps of small extent, and is a very graceful tree. It is 
deciduous, but bears many of the characteristics of the evergreens. 

Poplar. — Two varieties occur in Carroll county. One, a small tree, common 
in light soil, springs up in great abundance where woodland is cleared away. 
This is the American aspen, and closely resembles the aspen of Europe, so cele- 
brated by the poets. It ascends, in burnt lands, several thousand feet up the 
mountain-sides. The other is a larger tree, often attaining considerable size. 
In spring the young leaves are covered with white down, by which the tree can 
be distinguished a long way off. The dark color of its bark gives it the name 
"black-poplar." Its wood is in great demand for the manufacture of wood- 

Small Trees and Shrubs. — Among these we mention the mountain-ash. 

22 Histoky of Carroll County. 

mountain-laurel, red-cedar or savin, juniper, witch-hazel, striped-maple or 
moosewood, mountain-maple, cranberry (high bush) or pembina, several alders 
and willows, blackberry, raspberry, elder, blueberry, mountain holly. The 
shrubs grow smaller and smaller as the mountains are ascended. The mountain- 
aster and golden-rod, the white orchis, white hellebore, wood-sorrel, and 
Solomon's seal ascend into the "black growth," while the clintonia, bunch- 
berry, bluets, creeping snowberry, and purple trilliums keep them company and 
cease to grow at about the same altitude. The red-cedar is found in Hart's 
Location and other places. 

Alpine Plants. — -An Alpine or Arctic vegetation is found on the treeless 
region of the upper heights of Mt Washington and adjacent peaks, where 
alone are found the conditions favorable to their growth. They are of great 
hardihood, and sometimes bloom amid ice and snow. The region they occupy 
is a wind-swept tract above the limit of the growth of trees, and is about eight 
miles long by two miles wide. Here dwell about fifty strictly Alpine species, 
found nowhere else in the state. About fifty other species are "sub-Alpines," 
and are found elsewhere in New Hampshire, and along the base of the White 
Mountains. These occupy the ravines and lower portion of the treeless region, 
but not the upper summits. The firs and spruces become more and more 
dwarfish as they ascend the mountain, at last rising but a few feet, while their 
branches spread out horizontally for a long distance, and become thickly inter- 
woven. They present an almost even upper surface, strong enough for a man 
to walk upon. These dwarf trees at last disappear, giving place to the dwarf 
birch, Alpine willows, Labrador tea, and Lapland rhododendron, which spread 
out over the nearest rocks after rising a few inches above the ground, thus 
gaining the warmth which enables them to live in spite of cold and storm. On 
the mountain-tops these disappear and are succeeded by the Greenland sand- 
wort, cassiope, diapensia, azalia, Alpine bearberry and heath, mingling with 
Antic rushes, sedges, and lichens. On some of the warmer spots of the higher 
elevations grow the Alpine violet, the eyebright, mountain cudweed and sorrel, 
and the beautiful grasses which are found on the summits of the Alps in 

The various trees brought in by Europeans have adapted themselves well to 
their surroundings ; the locust especially seems to thrive. It is not necessary 
for the purpose of this work to enumerate these. 

Indian History. 23 



Aboriginal Indians — [roquois — Mohawks — Algonquins — New England Tribes — Wig- 
wams — Social Life, Government, and Language — Food — Religion — Taratines — War 
Famine, and Plague — Nipmucks — Passaconaway — Wbnalancct— Kancamagus — Lovewell's 

Enterprises, Battle, etc. — Death ol Paugus — Abenaquis — St Francis Village — Bounties for 
Scalps and Prisoners. 

WHEN the Europeans first landed on the Continent of America, the 
Indians who inhabited the Atlantic slope and dwelt in the valleys of 
the Connecticut and St Lawrence, in the basin of the Great Lakes, 
and the fertile valleys of the Alleghany region, were composed of two greal 
nations and their sub-divisions. These were soon known to the whites under 
the French appellation of Iroquois and Algonquins (Ale-zhone-ke-we-ne, people 
of one language). These nations differed in language and lineage, in manners 
and customs, in the construction of their dwellings and boats, and were heredi- 
tary enemies. 

The Iroquois proper, who gave their name to one division, the ablest and 
most powerful of this family, were the Five Nations, called by themselves the 
Ho-de-no-sau-nee, "the people of the long house." They compared their union 
of five tribes, stretched along a narrow valley for more than two hundred miles 
in Central New York, to one of their long wigwams containing many families. 
Among all the aborigines of America there were none so politic and intelligent, 
none so warlike and fierce, none with such a contrasting array of virtues and 
vices as the true Iroquois. All surrounding tribes, whether of their own fam- 
ily or of the Algonquins, stood in awe of them. They followed the warpath, 
and their warcry was heard on the banks of the Mississippi, on the shores of 
the Gulf of Mexico, where the Atlantic breakers dash in Massachusetts Bay, 
and the high tides rise and fall in the Bay of Fundy. "Some of the small 
tribes were nearly exterminated by their ferocity and barbarity. They were 
more cruel to the Eastern Indians than those Indians were to the Europeans." 
The New England tribes, with scarce an exception, paid them tribute : and the 
Moiitagnais, far north on the Saguenay, called by the French "the paupers of 
the wilderness," would start from their midnight slumbers at dreams of the 
Iroquois, and run, terror-stricken, into the forest. They were the conquerors 
of the New World, and justly carried the title of "The Romans of the West." 
The Jesuit father, Ragueneau, wrote, in l(i50, in his " Revelations des I In ions,"' 

24 History of Carroll County. 

" My pen has no ink black enough to paint the fury of the Iroquois." The 
tribe which guarded the eastern door of the typical long house was the most 
active and most bloodthirsty one of this fierce family, the dreaded Mohawks, to 
whom the Connecticut River Indians gave the appellation of Ma-qua-ogs, or 
Maquas — " man-eaters." The Mohawk country proper was west of the Hud- 
son river, but by right of conquest they claimed all the country between the 
Hudson and the sources of the north and easterly branches of the Connecticut, 
and by virtue of this claim all the Indians of the Connecticut valley paid 
them annual tribute. 

The few tribes of the Iroquois were surrounded on all sides by the much 
more numerous Algonquins, to which family all the New England tribes 
belonged. Along the valley of the St Lawrence dwelt the Algonquins proper, 
the Abinaquis, the Montagnais, and other roving tribes. These tribes were 
often forced, during the long Canadian winters when game grew scarce, to 
subsist on buds and bark, and sometimes even on the wood of forest trees, for 
many weeks together. From this they were called in mockery by their bitter 
enemies, the Mohawks, " Ad-i-ron-daks," tree-eaters. The late B. D. Eastman, 
who fairly reveled in aboriginal languages, gives this concerning the Abinaquis, 
in his sketch of North Conway : — 

" The Ale-zhone-ke-we-ne confederacy, located in the northeast, on territory 
between Mass-ad-chu-set, ' near the great hills or mountains,' now called Massa- 
chusetts, on the south, and Heeh-sepe, 'chief river,' now called St Lawrence, 
on the northeast, were called the Ab-e-na-kies. This name is thought to be a 
disguise of the name Wan-ban-ak-kees, which by some Indians is pronounced 
Oob-an-ak-kees. This name was probably applied to distinguish them as the 
people dwelling in the region of the Wan-ban-ben, ' Aurora Borealis,' or 
' Northern Lights.' So the name Abenakees appears to mean the ' Northern 
Light People.'. The elements of this name has place in many Indian names in 
the country they occupied. Their confederate sign manual or totem was * Great 
Bear,' Masse-machks, which is a corruption of the Ale-zhone-ke-we-ne term for 
' Great Bear,' Mishe-mo-kweir. Probably the name Mich-mack and Merrimack 
had their origin from this name — one given to the Indians resident on the 
river, the other the river itself." 

Wig/rams. — The Algonquin Indians made their wigwams small and round, 
and for one or two families only ; while the Iroquois built theirs long and 
narrow, each for the use of many families. The Algonquin wigwam was made 
of poles set up around a circle, from ten to twelve feet across. The poles met 
at the top, forming a circular framework, which was covered with bark-mats or 
skins: in the centre was the fire, the smoke escaping from a hole in the top. 
In these wigwams men, women, children, and dogs crowded promiscuously 
together in complete violation of all our rules of modern housekeeping. 

Social Life, Government, and Language. — The government of the Indian 

Ini>ian History. 25 

was completely patriarchal. The only law was the custom of the tribe; 
conforming to that, he was otherwise as free as the air he breathed in follow 

the bent of liis OWD wild will. In his solitary cabin he was the head of his 
family, and his"squaw" was hut his slave to do the drudgery. Over tribes 
were principal chiefs called sachems, and lesser ones called sagamores. Tin; 
direct succession was invariably in the female line. The war-chiefs were only 
Leaders in times of war, and won their distinction only by their valor on the 
warpath. The Indian Language, in the language of modern comparative 
philology, was neither monosyllabic like the Chinese, nor inflecting like thai of 
the civilized Caucasian stock, hut was agglutinating, like that of the northwest- 
ern Asiatic tribes and those of southeastern Europe. They express ideas by 
stringing words together in one compound vocable. The Algonquin languages 
were harsh and guttural, not euphonious like that of the Iroquois. Contrast 
the Algonquin names A-gi-o-cho-ok, Co-os, Squa-ke-ag, Am-os-ke-ag, Win-ni-pi- 
se-o-gee, Waum-bek-ket-meth-na, with Hi-a-wath-a, O-no-a-la-go-na, Kay-ad-ros- 
se-ra, Ska-nek-ta-da. 

Food. — The Indians had fish, game, nuts, berries, roots, corn, acorns, 
squashes, a kind of bean called now "seiva" bean, and a species of sunflower, 
with roots like an artichoke. Fish were speared or taken with lines, nets, or 
snares, made of the sinews of deer or fibres of moosewood. Their fish-hooks 
were made of the bones of fishes or of birds. They caught the moose, the 
deer, and the hear in the winter season by shooting with bows and arrows, by 
snaring, or in pit falls. They cooked their fish by roasting before the fire on the 
end of a long stick, or by boiling in closely woven baskets, or stone or wooden 
vessels. They made water boil, not by hanging over the fire, but by the 
constant immersion of hot stones. The corn boiled alone was " hominy ; " 
with beans, "succotash." 

Religion. — The aborigines had but a vaguely crude idea, if an idea at all, 
of religion. They had no priests, no altars, no sacrifice. They had "medicine- 
men" — mere conjurors — who added nothing to the mysterious awe and super- 
stition which enveloped the whole race. The Indian spiritualized everything 
in nature: heard "aery tongues on sands and shores and desert wildernesses," 
saw ••calling shapes and beckoning shadows dire" on every hand. The flight 
or cry of a bird, the humming of a bee, the crawling of an insect, the turning 
of a leaf, the whisper of a breeze, all were mystic signals of good or evil 
import, by which he was guided in the most important undertakings. lie 
placed the greatest confidence in dreams, which were to him revelations from 
the spirit-world, guiding him to the places where his game linked, and to the 
haunts of his enemies. He invoked t heir aid on all occasions to instruct him 
how to cure the sick, or reveal to him his enemies. 

Three centuries of contact with our civilization has unchanged him, and he 
is still the wild, untamed child of nature. " I Ie will not,'* says Parkman, v> learn 

26 History of Carroll County. 

the arts of civilization, and lie and his forest must perish together. The stern, 
unchanging features of his mind excite our admiration from their immutability; 
and we look with deep interest on the fate of this irreclaimable son of the 
wilderness, the child who will not be weaned from the breast of his rugged 

A powerful confederacy of tribes occupied New Hampshire and Maine 
when Captain Smith sailed along the coast and named New England. The 
leading chief was the one who ruled over the Penobscot tribe, which dwelt 
along the river of that name. Shortly after this (1615) the Taratines sent 
war parties from Acadia and captured the chief village of the Penobscots, and 
nearly exterminated the tribe. This dissolved the confederation, and a season 
of civil war and anarchy ensued. The Taratines, flushed with victory, sent 
forces by land and sea against the various tribes, and conquered all opposition. 
It was a war of extinction to the weak tribes. There was no time for hunting, 
fishing, or corn-planting, and a grievous famine fell on those whom the toma- 
hawk had spared. Closely following this, and in conjunction therewith (1616), 
a mysterious plague developed rapidly near the sea, and raged through a wide 
extent of territory for three successive summers, sweeping away whole tribes, 
and leaving a solitude in the most populated sections. Nine tenths of the 
Indian population was exterminated by the combined action of the three forces 
of war, famine, and pestilence. As these ceased, new tribal arrangements were 
formed, and a confederation of thirteen tribes was organized with the historic 
Passaconaway, of Pennacook, as bashaba, or chieftain. 

The tribes were then located throughout this northern and eastern section 
substantially thus : the Taratines occupied the Penobscot valley, and drew 
tribute from surrounding tribes. They were a kindred tribe to the Abenaquis, 
which held its territory from the St Lawrence and Lake Champlain to the 
Kennebec. The New Hampshire tribes were known as IVipmucks, fresh-water 
people. The Nipmucks were composed of the Nashaways, living on the 
Nashua river ; the Souhegans, in the Souhegan valley ; the Squamscotts, 
around Exeter; the Pascataquakes, between Dover and Portsmouth; the 
Newichawanocks, along Salmon Falls river; the Amoskeags, at and around 
Manchester; the Pennacooks, around Concord; the Winnipiseogees, south 
and west of the lake of that name ; the " swift deer-hunting Coo-ash-aukes, , ' 
on the Connecticut; the Pemigewassets, in the valley of that name; the 
Ossipees, around Ossipee lake and along the north shore of Winnipiseogee 
lake; the Pequawkets, in the Saco valley; the Anasagunticooks, a powerful 
tribe, controlled the territory of the Ameriscoggin (Androscoggin). 

The Massachusetts occupied the lands around the bay of that name and the 
adjacent islands. What is now Vermont was a contested ground, where no 
tribe had a permanent home. It was the beaver-hunting country of the 
Mohawks, also claimed, and at times occupied, by the Abenaquis. 

Indian History. 27 

Passaconawav was in authority from before 1(520 to 1<>60. He was a better 
friend to the whites than they were to him. lie restrained his warriors from 
making war on the English for many years, and kept the peace (hiring the 
exciting period of King Philip's War. His warriors later could not be held 
hack from war on the whites, and he resigned the chieftainship to his son 
Wonalancet. In 1685 Wonalancet was succeeded by Kancamagus, his 
grandson, an able and adroit statesman and a brave and skilful warrior. 
He was abused and ill-treated hy the English, whose friendship he tried 
hard to retain, and hecame their dangerous enemy. He planned and 
conducted in person the attack on Dover, which proved so disastrous to 
both whites and Indians. This was in 168f>, and the result was the virtual 
sweeping out of existence of the Pennacooks. 

Passaconaway, Wonalancet, and Kancamagus were all of them men of more 
than ordinary power ; equal in mental vigor, physical proportions, and moral 
qualities to any of their white contemporaries. 

From this time the northern tribes of the broken confederation remained 
in hostility to the English, and war and warlike forays existed for a long term 
of years. The Indians had been foolishly repulsed by the English, and were 
stanch and valuable allies of the French. "The war on the part of the 
Indians was one of ambushes and surprises." They were secret as beasts 
of prey, skilful marksmen, swift of foot, patient of fatigue, familiar with 
every path and nook of the forest, and frantic with the passion for vengeance 
and destruction. The laborer in the field and the woodman felling trees were 
shot down by skulking foes who were invisible. The mother left alone in the 
lumse was in constant fear of the tomahawk for herself and her children. 
There was no hour of freedom from peril. The dusky red men hung upon the 
skirts of the colonial villages "like the lightning on the edge of the cloud." 

Military expeditions from Massachusetts and the lower New Hampshire 
settlements, also composed of " skilful marksmen," tireless woodsmen, and 
daring adventurers, thirsting for vengeance and destruction, were often 
sent out. 

The most important of these in far-reaching consequences of crushing the 
Indian strength in this part of New England, and securing peace and immunity 
from attack, were under the leadership of Captain John Lovewell, and have made 
Carroll county historic ground. The stirring adventures and tragedies enacted 
on and near the soil of what we now call Carroll county, where he and most of 
his heroic party met death bravely, carrying death at the same time to their 
enemies, have been finely given by Hon. John H. Goodale in his History of 
Nashua, written for J. W. Lewis & Co.'s History of Hillsborough County, and 
we copy his very graphic account, which will show that neither the English nor 
the Indians were governed much by humanity or the principles of the gospel 
of peace. 

28 History of Carroll County. 

" With the exception of General John Stark, no other name in the colonial 
annals of New England is so well known as that of Captain John Lovewell. 
He was horn in that part of old Dunstable which afterward fell within the 
limits of Nashua, in a cabin near Salmon Brook. He was the oldest son of 
John Lovewell, who came over from England about 1670. His grandfather 
served in the army of Oliver Cromwell. His father appears to have fought 
under the famous Captain Church during King Philip's War. He was a man 
of unusual courage and physical vigor. At the time of his death, in 1752, he 
was probably a centenarian, but not, as erroneously reported, one hundred and 
twenty years old. 

"Captain John Lovewell, Jr, was, like his father, a man of great courage 
and ready to engage in daring enterprises. During his boyhood Dunstable was 
constantly assailed by merciless savages, and at a very early age he began to 
engage in scouts, which required the exercise of the utmost caution, prompti- 
tude, and bravery. At eighteen years of age he was actively engaged in 
exploring the wilderness to find the lurking-places of the Indians. Having 
the qualities of leadership, his ability was early recognized, and at the age of 
twenty-five he ranked as the best equipped, most daring and versatile scout in 
the frontier settlements. This was no trivial compliment, for no township in 
New England had, in the first half of the eighteenth century, a more 
experienced, adroit, and courageous corps of Indian fighters than Dunstable. 

" The fate of Lieutenant French and his party, in September, 1724, had 
a dispiriting effect on the inhabitants of Dunstable. But Captain John 
Lovewell, Jr, then thirty years old, was determined to carry the war to 
the strongholds of the savages and destroy them, as Captain Church had 
destroyed the followers of King Philip. ' These barbarous outrages must 
be stopped, and I am ready to lead the men who will do it,' was his declaration 
to his comrades. Joined by Josiah Farwell and Jonathan Robbins, a petition 
was sent to the General Court of Massachusetts for leave to raise a company 
to scout against the Indians. The original petition, signed by them, is on file 
in the office of the Secretary of State in Boston, and is as follows : — 

The humble memorial of John Lovewell, Josiah Farwell, Jonathan Roberts, all of 
Dunstable, sbeweth : 

That your petitioners, with near forty or fifty others, are inclinable to range and to 
keep out in the woods for several months together, in order to kill and destroy their enemy 
Indians, provided they can meet with Encouragement suitable. And your Petitioners are 
Employed and desired by many others Humbly to propose and submit to your Honors' consid- 
eration, that if such soldiers may be allowed five shillings per day, in case they kill any enemy 
Indian, and possess his scalp, they will Employ themselves in Indian hunting one whole year; 
and if within that time they do not kill any, they are content to be allowed nothing for their 
wages, time and trouble. 

John Lovewell. 
Josiah Farwell. 
Jonathan Robbins. 
Dunstable, Nov., 1724. 

Indian HISTORY. 29 

"This petition was granted, with, the change of the compensation bo a bounty 
of one hundred pounds per scalp. Volunteers came forward with alacrity, the 
company was organized, and the commission of captain given to Lovewell. 

i- With this picked company Captain Lovewell started on an exclusion 

northward to Lake Winnipesaukee. On the 10th of December, 17-4. the 
party came upon a wigwam in which were two Indians — a man and a boy. 
They killed and scalped the man, and brought the boy alive; to Boston, where 
they received the promised bounty and two shillings and sixpence per day. 

M This success was small, but it gave courage, and the company grew from 
thirty to eighty-seven. They started the second time on January 27, 172">. 
Crossing the Merrimack at Nashua, they followed the river route; on the east 
side to the southeast corner of Lake Winnipesaukee, where they arrived on the 
9th of February. Provisions falling short, thirty of them were dismissed by 
lot and returned home. The company went on to Bear Camp river, in Tain- 
worth, where, discovering Indian tracks, they changed their course and followed 
them in a southeast direction till, just before sunset on the 20th, they saw- 
smoke, by which the} T judged the enemy were encamped for the night. Keeping- 
concealed till after midnight, they then silently advanced, and discovered ten 
Indians asleep round a lire by the side of a frozen pond. Lovewell now 
resolved to make sure work, and placing his men conveniently, ordered them 
to fire, live at once, as quickly after each other as possible, and another part to 
reserve their fire. He gave the signal by firing his own gun, which killed two 
of them ; the men, firing as directed, killed five more on the spot ; the other 
three starting up from their sleep, two were shot dead on the spot by the 
reserve. The other, wounded, attempted to escape across the pond, was seized 
by a dog and held fast till they killed him. In a few minutes the whole party 
was killed, and a raid on some settlement prevented. These Indians were 
coming from Canada with new guns and plenty of ammunition. They had 
also some spare blankets, moccasins and snowshoes for the use of tire prisoners 
they expected to take. The pond where this success was achieved is in the 
town of Wakefield, and has ever since borne the name of Lovewell's Pond. 
The company then went to Boston through Dover, where they displayed the 
scalps and guns taken from the savages. In Boston the} r received the bounty 
of one thousand pounds from the public treasury. 

"Captain Lovewell now planned the bold design of attacking the Pequaw- 
kets in their chief village on the Saco river, in Fryeburg, Maine. This tribe 
was powerful and ferocious. Its chief was Paugus, a noted warrior, whose 
name inspired terror wherever he was known. To reach Pequawket was a task- 
involving hardships and danger. There is no doubt that Captain Lovewell 
underestimated the perils of the march and the risk from ambuscades. One 
hundred and thirty miles in early spring, through a wilderness not marked by a 
trail to a locality never visited by the invaders, but every rod familiar to the 

30 History of Carroll County. 

wily foe, were serious disadvantages. Besides this, the company, at the start, 
only consisted of forty-six men. They left Salmon brook on the 16th of April, 
1725. They had traveled hut a few miles when Toby, an Indian, falling sick, 
was obliged to return, which he did with great reluctance. 

"At Contoocook (now Boscawen) William Cummings, of Dunstable, became 
so disabled by a wound received from the enemy years before that the captain 
sent him back with a kinsman to accompany him. They proceeded on to the 
west shore of Ossipee lake, where Benjamin Kidder, of Nuffield (now London- 
derry), falling sick, the captain halted and built a rude fort, having the lake 
shore to the east and Ossipee river on the north side. This was intended as a 
refuge in case of disaster. Here Captain Lovewell left with Kidder the 
surgeon, a sergeant, and seven other men as a guard. He also left a quantity 
of provisions to lighten the loads of the men, and which would be a needed 
supply on their return. 

" With only thirty-four men, Captain Lovewell, not disheartened, proceeded 
on his march from Ossipee lake to Pequawket village, a distance of nearly 
forty miles through a rough forest. None of the party were acquainted with 
the route. Of the thirty-four in the company, only eight were from that 
portion of Dunstable now included in Nashua. The others were from neigh- 
boring towns, largely from Groton, Billerica, and Woburn. Dunstable fur- 
nished the captain, lieutenants, and nearly all the minor officers of the expedi- 
tion. The eight men from Dunstable were Captain John Lovewell, Lieutenant 
Josiah Farwell, Lieutenant Jonathan Robbins, Ensign John Harwood, Sergeant 
Noah Johnson, Corporal Benjamin Hassell, Robert Usher, and Samuel Whiting, 

" On Thursday, two days before the fight, the company were apprehensive 
that they were discovered and watched by the enemy, and on Friday night the 
watch heard the Indians rustling in the underbrush, and alarmed the company, 
but the darkness was such they made no discovery. Very early in the morning 
of Saturday, May 8, while they were at prayers, they heard the report of a gun. 
Soon after they discovered an Indian on a point running out into Saco pond. 
The company decided that the purpose of the Indian was to draw them into an 
ambush concealed between himself and the soldiers. The inference was a mis- 
take, and a fatal one to a majority of the party. Expecting an immediate 
attack, a consultation was held to determine whether it was better to venture 
an engagement with the enemy or to make a speedy retreat. The men boldly 
answered : ' We have prayed all along that we might find the foe, and we had 
rather trust Providence with our lives, yea, die for our country, than try to 
return without seeing them, and be called cowards for our conduct.' 

"Captain Lovewell readily complied, and led them on, though not without 
manifesting some apprehensions. Supposing the enemy to be in front, he 
ordered the men to lay down their packs and march with the greatest caution 

In man History. 31 

and in the utmost readiness. In this way they advanced a mile and a half 
when Ensign Wyman spied an [ndian approaching among the trees. Giving a 
signal, all the men concealed themselves, and as the Indian came nearer several 

guns were fired at him. He at onee fired at Captain Lovewell with beaver 
shot, wounding him severely, though he made little complaint, and was still 
able to travel. Ensign Wyman then tired and killed the Indian, and Chaplain 
Frye scalped him. They then returned toward their packs, which had already 
been found and seized by the savages, who, in reality, were Lurking in their 
rear, and who were elated by discovering from the number of the packs that 
their own force was more than double that of the whites. It was now ten 
o'clock, and just before reaching the place, on a plain of scattered pines about 
thirty rods from the pond, the Indians rose up in front and rear in two parties, 
and ran toward the whites with their guns presented. The whites instantly 
presented their guns and rushed to meet them. 

" When both parties came within twenty yards of each other, they tired. 
The Indians suffered far the more heavily, and hastily retreated a few rods into 
a low pi ne thicket, where it was hardly possible to see one of them. Three or 
tour rounds followed from each side. The savages had more than twice the 
number of our men and greatly the advantage in their concealed position, and 
their shots began to tell fearfully. Already nine of the whites were killed and 
three were fatally wounded. This was more than one third of their number. 
Among the dead were Captain Lovewell and Ensign Harwood, and both lieu- 
tenant Farwell and Lieutenant Robbins were injured beyond recovery. Ensign 
Wyman ordered a retreat to the pond, and probably saved the company from 
entire destruction, as the pond protected their rear. 

"The fight continued obstinately till sunset, the savages howling, yelling, 
and barking, and making all sorts of hideous noises, the whites frequently 
shouting and huzzahing. Some of the Indians, holding up ropes, asked the 
English if they would take quarter, but were promptly told that they would 
have no quarter save at the muzzles of their guns. 

"About the middle of the afternoon the chaplain, Jonathan Frye, of 
Andover, who graduated at Harvard in 1723, and who had fought bravely, fell 
terribly wounded. When he could light no longer, he prayed audibly for the 
preservation of the rest of the company. 

"The light had lasted nearly eight hours, and at intervals was furious. The 
reader will understand that it was very unlike a battle between two parties of 
civilized infantry. In lighting these savages, who concealed themselves behind 
trees, logs, bushes, and rocks, the whites were compelled to adopt similar 
tactics. In such a light, while obeying general orders, each soldier fires at the 
toe when he can discern an exposed head or body. This Pequawket contest 
lasted from ten in the morning till night, but it was not continuous. Then- 
were intervals of nearly or quite half an hour, which were hardly disturbed by 

32 History of Carroll County. 

the crack of a single musket. But in these intervals the savages were skulking 
and creeping to get a near view and sure aim at some white soldier, while our 
men were desperately on the alert to detect their approach and slay them. 
Noticing a lull among the warriors, Ensign Wyman crept up behind a bush 
and discovered a group apparently in council, and by a careful shot brought 
down their leader. 

" It was in the latter part of the fight that Paugus, the Indian chief, met his 
fate. He was well known by most of Lovewell's men, and several times he 
(ailed aloud to John Chamberlain, a stalwart soldier from Groton. Meanwhile 
the <nms of both these combatants became too foul for use, and both went 
down to the pond to clean them. Standing but a few yards apart, with a small 
brook between them, both began to load together, and with mutual threats 
thrust powder and ball into their weapons. Chamberlain primed his gun by 
striking the breach heavily on the ground. This enabled him to fire a second 
before his foe, whose erring aim failed to hit Chamberlain. 

" At twilight the savages withdrew, disheartened by the loss of their chief. 
From information afterwards obtained, it is believed that not more than twenty 
of the Indians escaped unhurt, and, thus weakened, they did not hazard a 
renewal of the struggle. But our men, not knowing their condition, expected 
a speedy return. About midnight, the moon having arisen, they collected 
together, hungry and very faint, all their food having been snatched by the 
Indians with their packs. On examining the situation, they found Jacob 
Farrar just expiring, and Lieutenant Robbins and Robert Usher unable to rise ; 
four others, namely, Lieutenant Farwell, Frye, Jones, and Davis, very danger- 
ously wounded, seven badly wounded, and nine unhurt. 

" A speedy return to the fort at Ossipee was the only course left them. 
Lieutenant Robbins told his companions to load his gun and leave it with him, 
saying, 'As the Indians will come in the morning to scalp me, I will kill one 
more if I can.' One man, Solomon Keyes, of Billerica, was missing. When 
lie had fought till he had received three wounds, and had become so weak that 
he could not stand, he crawled up to Ensign Wyman and said: 'I am a dead 
man, but if possible I will get out of the way so that the Indians shall not 
have my scalp.' He then crept away to some rushes on the beach, where, dis- 
covering a canoe, he rolled over into it. There was a gentle north wind, and 
drifting southward three miles, he was landed on the shore nearest the fort. 
Gaining strength, he was able to reach the fort and join his comrades. 

"Leaving the dead unburied, and faint from hunger and fatigue, the 
survivors started before dawn for Ossipee. A sad prospect was before them. 
The Indians, knowing their destitution, were expected at every moment to fall 
upon them. Their homes were a- hundred and thirty miles distant; ten of 
their number had fallen, and eight were groaning with the agony of terrible 
wounds. After walking a mile and a half, four of the wounded men — 

I n i > i a n History. 

Lieutenant Farwell, Chaplain Frye, and Privates Davis and Jones were 
unable to go farther, and urged the others bo hasten to the fort and send a 
fresh recruit to their rescue. The part)' hurried on as fast as strength would 
permit to the Ossipee fort. To their dismay they found it deserted. One of 
their number, in the first hour of the battle, terrified by the death of the 
commander and others, Bneakingly had fled to the fort and gave the men 
posted there so frightful an account that they all fled hastily toward Dunstable. 
Fortunately, some of the coarse provisions were Left, but not a tithe of what 
were needed. Resting briefly, they continued their travels in detached parties 
to Dunstable, the majority reaching there on the night of the 13th of May, 
and the others two days later. They suffered severely from want of food. 
From Saturday morning till Wednesday — four days — they were entirely 
without any kind of food, when they caught some squirrels and partridges, 
which were roasted whole and greatly improved their strength. 

"Eleazer Davis and Josiah Jones, two of the wounded, who were left near 
the battle-ground, survived, and after great suffering reached Berwick, Me. 
Finding, after several days, no aid from the fort, they all went several miles 
together. Chaplain Frye laid down and probably survived only a few hours. 
Lieutenant Farwell reached within a few miles of the fort, and was not heard 
of afterwards. He was deservedly lamented as a man in whom was combined 
unusual bravery with timely discretion. There is little doubt but he and 
several others of the wounded would have recovered if they could have had 
food and medical care. Their sufferings must have been terrible. 

"The news of this disaster caused deep grief and consternation at Dun- 
stable. A company, under Colonel Tyng, went to the place of action, and 
buried the bodies of Captain Lovewell and ten of his men at the foot of a tall 
pine-tree. A monument now marks the spot. The General Court of Massa- 
chusetts gave fifteen hundred pounds to the widows and orphans, and a 
handsome bounty of lands to the survivors." 

In the fight which resulted so fatally to Captain Lovewell and a majority of 
his command, the numbers engaged were inconsiderable. But, while tempo- 
rarily disastrous, the results proved of incalculable advantage to the border 
settlements. From that day the courage and power of the red men were 
destroyed. They soon withdrew from their ancient haunts and hunting 
groundsill New Hampshire to the French settlements in Canada. No subse- 
quent attacks by an organized force of Indians were made upon Dunstable, 
and their raids made afterwards at Concord, Hillsborough, and Charlestown 
were merely spasmodic efforts, instigated, and in some instances led, by French 
officers. Yet such had been the experience of the past that for years the 
pioneer settlers listened in the still watches of the night for the footfall of 
the stealthy savage ; the musket was the companion of his pillow, and in his 
sleep he dreamed of the fierce yells of the merciless toe. 

34 History of Carroll County. 

The expedition of Captain Lovewell was no doubt hazardous in view of the 
difficulties of the march and the small number of his men. One fifth of his 
force, besides the surgeon, was left at the fort at Ossipee. Captain Lovewell 
intended to surprise Paugus by attacking him in his camp. Unfortunately, the 
reverse happened. Paugus and his eighty warriors were returning from a jour- 
ney down the Saco, when they discovered the track of the invaders. For forty 
hours they stealthily, followed and saw the soldiers dispose of their packs, so 
that all the provisions and blankets fell into their own hands, with the knowl- 
edge of their small force. Thus prepared, they expected from their chosen 
ambush to annihilate or to capture the entire party. 

Thus ended the memorable campaign against the Pequawkets. Deep and 
universal was the gratitude of the people at the prospect of peace. For fifty 
years had the war been raging with little cessation and with a series of sur- 
prises, devastations, and massacres that seemed to threaten annihilation. The 
scene of this desperate and bloody action at Fryeburg is often visited, and in 
song and eulogy are commemorated the heroes of " Lovewell's fight." 

[Suncook, now Pembroke, was granted originally in May, 1727, by Massa- 
chusetts to Captain Lovewell and his faithful comrades, in consideration of their 
services against the Indians. There were sixty grantees, forty-six of whom 
went with Lovewell in his last march to Pequawket. The others were among 
those who were in his first enterprises.] 

Abnaquis. — A veil of romance surrounds this now really extinct people. 
The French, who have been in circumstances to know them best, award them a 
high place, with, perhaps, a kinship with that peculiar European people, the 
Basques. The Jesuit father, Eugene Vetromile, in his work, " The Abnakis 
Indians," expresses the French view of them in these words : " The Abnakis 
bear evident marks of having been an original people in their name, manners, 
and language. They show a kind of civilization which must be the effect of 
antiquity and of a past flourishing age. We never read of their having been 
treacherous, nor of a want of honor or conscience in fulfilling their private or 
public word. They had a regular method of writing, like the Chinese, Japanese, 
etc., but with different characters." 

On a map published in 1660, the Abnaquis (Abnaquotii) are located 
between the Kennebec (Kinibakius fluvius) and Lake Champlain (Lacus 
Champlenius), occupying the head-waters of the Kennebec, the Androscoggin 
(fluvius Amingocoutius), of the Saco (Choacatius fluvius), and another 
unnamed river, perhaps the Presumpscot. Here they were located for 
many generations antecedent to this date. That branch of them in the 
Saco valley and Carroll county territory, known as Sokokis, Ossipees, and 
Pequawkets, was noticed by the earliest navigators. Captain John Smith, in 
1614, mentions, among other names, that of Sawogotuck (Saco) ; and La Hon- 
ton says: " The Sokokis were one of the tribes of the country." Gorges calls 

Indian History. ;;;, 

them Sockhigones. Two of their chiefs, about L640, conveyed Lands. Their 

names were Fluellen and Captain Sunday, and who succeeded them is well 
known in history . 

Charlevoix mentions them, and says. "They were one of the tribes thai 
founded the settlement at St Francis, Canada, where some of their descendants 
still reside." Williamson, in his "History of Maine." says "they were a num- 
erous people, and that their original place of residence was on the islands, near 
the falls of the Saco, a few miles from the sea; and that, at an early period, 
they employed English carpenters to build them a strong fort of timber, four- 
teen feet high, with flankers." This was to protect themselves from the 
Mohawks. He also states that there were two branches, one of which had its 
residence on the banks of the Ossipee, and the other on the alluvial land in the 
bends of the Saco, at and above the present town of Fryeburg. At the treaty 
of peace, held at Sagadahoc in 1702, there were delegates from those inhab- 
iting at Winnesockee, Ossipee, and Pigwacket. At the attack of Falmouth, 
now Portland, in August, 1676, it is stated the sagamore of Pegwacket was 
taken and killed ; and also, by an Indian that was taken, the army was informed, 
11 Y' at Pegwacket there are twenty English captives." Belknap mentions that 
Natambomet, sagamore of Saco, signed a treaty of peace in 1685; and in 1702, 
in the treaty before referred to at Sagadahoc, Governor Dudley met, among 
delegates from other tribes, Watorota-nunton, Hegon, and Adiawonda, chiefs of 
the Pequawkets. The latter name figures in the annals of the tribe for the 
next half-century. In the treaty made at Portsmouth, in 1713, with all the 
eastern Indians, the Pigwockets are mentioned, but the names of their dele- 
gates cannot be identified. In that of 1717, held at Arrowsic, on the Kennebec, 
two of their chiefs, Adeawando and Scawesco, appear, and sign the treaty with 
a cross. They were probably, at that period, as numerous as any of the eastern 
tribes, although a considerable part of them had gone some years before to join 
the settlement at St Francis. 

The valleys of the Ossipee and Bear Camp rivers were possessed by them, 
and here was the place of burial. The mound resulting from this rite is still 
plainly to be seen. [See description in Ossipee.] 

The precise period when they permanently left the lower part of the Saco 
is unknown, but it is likely it preceded the early settlement there. With 
their change of residence, they soon changed their name of Sokokis, and were 
known as Ossipees and Pequawkets. The latter has been written in a great 
variety of wa} r s. It is found with at least twenty variations. At the time of 
Lovewell'8 light, it seems mainly to have been written Pigwocket. Belknap 
wrote it Pequawket, and he has generally been followed by succeeding histo- 
rians; but Judge Potter, in his "History of Manchester," spells it Pequau- 
Quauke. The true meaning of the word is "crooked place." It is, like most 
Indian names, a compound word, made up from Peque or Pequau, crooked: auk, 

36 History of Carroll County. 

place or locality; et, a verbal termination, meaning "it is," or "here it is" — 
Peqnauket. It is singularly expressive of the locality ; for here the Saco 
makes perhaps the most remarkable crooks or bends of any stream in New 
England, running a distance said to be about thirty miles to gain less than six. 
Eliot, in his Indian Bible, and Roger Williams use nearly the same word to 
express crooked or winding. Of their numbers at the time of the battle with 
Lovewell, it can only be conjectured ; but we now know that all the tribes had 
been much reduced by pestilence. In this action they must have lost fifteen 
or twenty of their warriors killed or badly wounded. Paugus (the oak) and 
Wahawah (the broad-shouldered) were brave and daring leaders, but they 
were war-chiefs, not treaty-makers nor principal chiefs, though Paugus had 
been long known as a chief leader in their forays against the frontiers. Adea- 
wonda had represented the tribe at treaties for more than twenty years pre- 
vious. In 1726, Captain John Giles, who commanded the fort at Saco and had 
a long experience with all the Indians in Maine, made a list of the men over 
sixteen years in the various tribes, which is preserved in the " Maine Historical 
Collections." He puts down " the Paquakig (Pequawkets) as only twenty- 
four fighting men." This was, no doubt, correct. He says, " Their chief is 
Edewancho" (Adeawando). At the close of Lovewell's War, a treaty was 
made, to which the Pequawkets were a party ; and from that period we hear 
nothing of them for several years. They had suffered too severely by the 
hands of Lovewell and his company to wish for another trial. They found 
they were not secure in their remote village, and a part of them — the most 
warlike — emigrated to Canada. Those who remained always advocated and 
practised peace with the whites, while the emigrants to Canada became our 
bitterest enemies. 

In Rev. Mr Smith's journal, kept at Falmouth, we find under date of July 
9, 1745: "Several gentlemen are with the Mohawks, down at St Georges, 
treating with the Penobscott Indians about peace. About twenty Saco Indians 
are at Boston, pretending to live with us." 

At the treaty of Falmouth in 1749, the Pigwacket Indians are named as 
being present ; but it was decided by the commissioners that, as they had not 
been engaged in the war, it was not necessary that they should join in the 

There is no doubt that, soon after the close of Lovewell's War, a part of 
the tribe, with their neighbors, the Anasagunticooks and Noridgewocks, 
emigrated to Canada, and among them their chief, Adeawando, where he was a 
favorite of the governor-general, and, as he had been at Pequawket, their 
statesman, but not their military chief. In 1752 Captain Phineas Stevens 
proceeded to Canada as a delegate from the governor of Massachusetts to 
("liter with the St. Francis tribe and redeem some prisoners they had taken 
from New England. In a conference held at Quebec, " Atewanto" was the 

Indian History. 37 

Chief speaker,' and made an eloquent reply, in which be charged the English 
with trespassing on their lands. " He said. • We acknowledge no other land of 
yours but your settlements, wherever you have built; and we will not consent, 
under any pretext, that you pass beyond them.' 'The lands we \)n<,si'±<, have 
been given us by the great Master of life. We acknowledge to hold only from 
him." " J 

In a Letter from Jacob Wendell, a resident of Boston, but dated New York, 
1749 (see N. V. Col. Hist. vol. vi.), he says, "That, in the beginning of the war 
with France (1745), some men, women, and children, of a tribe called by US 
Pigwackett, came to a Eort near where they lived, and desired that they might 
live among the English ; for that they desired they might not be concerned in 
the war : and they lived some time at the fort ; but, when war was proclaimed 
against the eastern Indians, they were brought up to Boston, where good care 
was taken of them by the government, a suitable place, about fifty miles from 
Boston, provided for them to live at, where there was good fishing and fowling, 
and their clothing and what else they wanted provided for them by the 
government. ( hi the application, this summer, of the eastern Indians to 
Grovernor Shirley for peace, and the messengers promising to call in all the 
heads of the tribes concerned with them in the war, it was concluded by the 
governor, if these Pigwackett Indians desire it, they should go down there ; 
and I am informed by Mr Boylston, who left Boston some time after me, that 
he saw those Indians there, and the commissary-general told him he had orders 
to provide for and send them all down to Casco bay, where the treaty was 
appointed ; that, I believe, the account thereof may be sent to Canada before 
now, and the St Francois satisfied. Thus I have given your Excellency a true 
account of these Indians; and hope, when the governor-general has it sent 
him, he will send home the poor prisoners belonging to this as well as to the 
neighboring provinces." 

It may be inferred from this letter that when the war of 1745 began, instead 
of joining the other eastern tribes against the whites, they remembered 
LovewelFs fight twenty years before, and were so determined to preserve their 
neutrality, that they left that part of the country, and only returned when 
peace was to be made. 

Of that part of the tribe which remained but little more can be ascertained. 
Douglass the historian, who wrote about 1750, says, "The Pequawket Indians 
live in two towns (probably at Pequawket and at Ossipee),and have only aboul 
a dozen fighting-men. They often travel to Canada by way of Connecticut 

After the conquest of Canada and the occupation of the Saco vallej by the 
whites, the remnant of the tribe remained about the upper part of Connecticul 
river till the beginning of the Revolution. The last trace of them, as a tribe, is 

1 Sec Kidder's Abanaki Indians, " Maine Bistorical Col." vol. vi. 

38 History of Carroll County. 

in a petition to the government of Massachusetts, dated at Fryeburg, in which 
they ask for guns, blankets, and ammunition for thirteen men who are willing 
to enroll themselves on the patriot side. This document was indorsed by the 
proper authorities, and the request was granted. In Drake's "Book of the 
Indians" is the following: "With the Androscoggins, the Pigwackets retired 
to the sources of the Connecticut river, who, in the time of the Revolu- 
tion, were under a chief named Philip." [The signer of the famous deed of 
June 8, 1706, conveying northern New Hampshire and a part of Maine to 
Thomas Eames and others.] 

Long after this, solitary members, and sometimes a family, lingered around 
the vicinity of their ancient home, and the old people of a generation ago 
remembered the names of Old Philip, Tom Hegon, and Swarson, and also the 
fact that a number of them were engaged in the colonial army of the Revolu- 
tion, for which they received suitable rewards. The central metropolis of the 
Abenaquis Indians was St Francis, 1 midway between Quebec and Montreal, 
on the St Lawrence, where it receives the St Francis river. This was in easy 
communication with the New England frontiers, here were planned many bloody 
expeditions against the lower New Hampshire settlements, and here were paid 
by the French the bounties they allowed for English scalps and prisoners. 
This wealthy Indian settlement held up the hands of New Hampshire Indians 
in their attacks, and joined them in their raids to glut their revenge in the blood 
of the New Englanders. Their trails came down the Pemigewasset, the Notch, 
and other defiles of the mountains, and their jubilant cries as they returned 
laden with prisoners, scalps, and spoils were heard among the pines of Winni- 
piseogee and Ossipee, and were reflected from the rocky sides of the mountain 
passes. This village was a city of refuge for all the outlawed savages of 
English territory, and here after their crushing defeats were gladly received 
the remnants of the followers of Philip, Mesandowit, Wahawah, Kancamagus, 
and Paugus. [In 1755 the English government declared all Indian tribes in 
this section, except the Penobscots, " enemies, traitors, and rebells," and offered 
a bounty of £250 for each scalp of a killed Indian, and <£300 for each Indian 
prisoner delivered at Portsmouth.] 

The passing away of these broken bands took away the fear of savage men 
from the Wmnipiseogee and Saco regions, and they were soon opened to civil- 
ized occupancy. "Thus the aboriginal inhabitants, who held the lands of New 
Hampshire as their own, have been swept away. Long and valiantly did they 
contend for the inheritance bequeathed to them by their fathers ; but fate had 
decided against them, and their valor was in vain. With bitter feelings of 
unavailing regret, the Indian looked for the last time upon the happy places 
where for ages his ancestors had lived and loved, rejoiced and wept, and passed 
away, to be known no more forever." 

' SI Francis de sale- gave name to this village. 

Earl's History. 



The Sokokis and Pequawkets — Eastern Boundary Line — Walter Bryant's Journal — 
Continuation of Boundary Line — Ranging Parties and Military Occupation— Early (.ranis 
Townships Granted — First Settlement — Early Censuses — Population, Polls, and Real 
Estate — Rapid Increase — Early Selectmen. 

FROM the time of Darby Field's visits to the White Hills (1632-1642) and 
that of Thomas Gorges and Richard Vines, who came up the Saco from 
the settlement at the mouth in canoes in August, 1642, for many years 
the territory now Carroll county knew nothing of the white man. The Soko- 
kis and Pequawket Indians had unmolested occupancy of the Saeo valley, 
where the cornfields grew as luxuriantly for them as if they were the men of 
to-day. Their villages were scattered here and there in the fertile vale, the 
chief one being along the river stretching from Conway into Fryeburg. They 
were brave, full of war, great in hunting and deeds of valor. Before the 
defeat of Lovewell (1725), in which one of their chiefs, Paugus, was killed, 
they were numerous and prosperous. They numbered about 500 warriors in 
their palmy days, but were broken and scattered after that terrible fight, which 
not only killed one sixth of their ablest men, but demonstrated that the 
English were determined to occupy the lands they had known as theirs. 

Remnants of their tribe and the Ossipees continued to occupy the country, 
and the white man at once made preparations for settlement. Three town- 
ships were laid out on the east shore of Winnipiseogee in 172(5, and were 
surveyed in 1728. But terror of Indians prevented establishment of homes, 
and there were only occasional trapping and hunting expeditions to this 
country (of which no records have been preserved) until the question of 
the '-astern boundary of New Hampshire became a subject of reference to 
commissioners. The claims of New Hampshire as to the line were "that the 
boundary line of New Hampshire; should begin at the centre of Piscataqua 
harbor, and so pass up the same into the river Newichawannock, and through 
the same into the farthest head t hereof, and from thence northwestward (that 
is. north, less than a quarter of a point westwardly) as far as the British 
Dominions extends." etc. The commissioners reported in September, 17 ; '7. 
that this line, after leaving the farthest head of Pascataqua river, should " run 
north, two degrees west, till one hundred and twenty miles were finished. ' 

Massachusetts appealed from this decision, and in 174o. all delays being 

40 History of Carroll County. 

exhausted, the lords in council sustained the commissioners' report. In the 
same year arrangements were completed for the survey and establishment of 
proper designations, and the next spring, very early, Walter Bryant, a royal 
surveyor, with his corps of assistants, spotted and measured it about thirty 
miles. This was the first definite act of occupation of this part of the state 
by colonial authority. It was a difficult undertaking. All the tangled 
wilderness was rendered more difficult to penetrate by the deep and thawing 
snows, and the fear of Indians was not an imaginary danger. We reproduce 
his journal. 

1741. March 13. Fryday. I set out from New-Market with eight men to assist me, in 
running and marking out one of the Province Bounderys — lodged at Cochecho. 

14. Saturday. Sent our Baggage on loging sheds to Rochester from Cochecho under the 
care of three men, the other five continuing with me at Cochecho, it being foul weather. 

I.!. Sunday. Attended Public worship at Cochecho and in the evening went to Rochester 
and lodged there. 

16. Monday. Travelled through the upper part of Rochester and lodg'd in a Loging 

17. Tuesday. Went on Salmon Fall River & travell'd up said River on the ice above the 
second pond and campt. 

18. Wednesday. Went to the third pond, & about two of the clock in the afternoon it 
rain'd & snow'd very hard & oblidg'd us to camp — extream stormy that night and two 
men sick. 

10. Thursday. Went to the head of Nechawannock River and there set my course, being 
North two Degrees West, but by the needle North Eight Degrees East, and run half a mile 
on a neck of Land with three men — then return'd to the other five & campt. 

20. Fryday. Crost the head pond which was a mile over, and at two hundred rods 
distance from sd head pond was another which lay so in my course that I crost it three 
times, and has communication with Monsum River as I suppose — from the last mention'd 
pond, for six mile together I found the land to be pretty even, the growth generally White 
and Pitch Pine. (N. B. At the end of every mile I mark'd a tree where the place would 
admit of it, with the number of miles from the head of Nechawannock River.) Went over 
a mountain from the summit of which I plainly see the White Hills & Ossipa Pond, which 
[pond] bore about North West and was about four mile distant. There also lay on the north 
side of said Mountain at a mile distant a pond in the form of a Circle, of the Diameter of 
three miles, the East end of which I crost. I also crost the River which comes from the 
East and runs into said pond & campt, had good travelling to-day & went between seven 
and eight miles. 

21. Saturday. In travelling five miles (the land pretty level) from the place where I 
campt last night, I came to a river which runs out from the last mention'd pond & there 
track'd an Indian & three Dogs, kill'd two Deer & Campt. 

22. Sunday. Remain'd in my Camp & about nine o'clock at night the camp was hail'd 
by two Indians (who were within fifteen rods of it) in so broken English that they called 
three times before I could understand what they said, which was, " What you do there," — 
upon which 1 spoke to them and immediately upon my speaking they ask'd what news. I 
told them it was Peace. They answer'd, " May be no." But however, upon my telling them 
they should not be hurt, and bidding them to come to the Camp, they came and behav'd very 
orderly and gave me an account of Ossipa pond & River, as also of a place call'd Pig- 
wacket. They told me the way to know when I was at Pigvvacket was by observing a 
pertain River which had three large hills on the southwest side of it, which narrative of said 
Indians respecting Ossipa, &c, 1 found to correspond pretty well with my observations. 

Kaim.y History. n 

They also informed me of their names which were Sentur ,v Pease. Sentur Is an old man, 
was in Capt. Lovewell's fight, at which time he was much wounded and lost one of 1 » i — 
eyes; the other is a young man. They informed me there Living was at Ossipa pond. They 
had no gun hut hatchett and spears. Our snow shoes being something broken thej readily 
imparted wherewith to mend them. They would hwe purchased a gun of me, but could not 
span' one. They were very inquisitive to know what bro't Englishmen so far in the woods 
in peace, whereupon I inform'd them. Ami upon the whole they said they tho't it was war 
finding Englishmen so tar in the woods <$ further that there were sundry companys oi 
Indians a hunting <S they believed that none of sd companys would lei me proceed it the) 
should meel with me. 

23. Monday. Parted with Indian- & went to Ossipa River which is fifteen mile from 
the head of Salmon Fall which number of miles I mark'd on a pretty large Tree that lay 
convenient. And in my return I found on said Tree a sword handsomely form'd grasp'd 
by a hand, i One mile from Ossipa River came to a mountain from the top of which I saw 
the White Hills. Travel I'd over five large mountains. Campt. 

24. Tuesday. Found the snow very soft to-day, so thai we sunk half leg deep in snow 
shoes. See where two Indians had Campt on Hemlock Boughs. Campt. Snow'd all night. 

25. Wednesday. Continued snowing all day & night. The general depth of the snow 
with what fell last nighl & to-day was four foot and an half to live feet deep. 

26. Thursday. The Weather fair <& (dear and in my travel to-day saw the White Hills 
which were West and by North from me, and about seven miles distant, as near as I could 
guess. I also see Pigwaket Plain or Intervale Land as also Pigwaket River which ruus from 
the North West to the South East and cuts the aforesaid Interval to two Triangles, it lying 
North A: South about eight miles in length & four in breadth. About two or three miles 
beyond Pigwaket I saw a large body of Water three or four miles long & half a mile broad, 
but whether River or Pond I do not know. 

27. Fryday. Finding the travelling Difficult by the softness of the snow and the h'ivers 
and Brooks breaking up. together with some backwardness in my men to venture any further, 
1 concluded to return, which I did accordingly, and on Wednesday the first of April we got 
safe back to New Market and all in good health. 

Walter Bryent. 

In 1768 this line was continued to the neighborhood of Umbagog lake 
by Isaac Rindge and a corps of men, and by this time the progress of the 

settlements northward had reached north and east of hike Winnipiseogee. 

From 174.") to 1741>. however, and from 17o4 to 17t><», the horrors of Indian 
wars on the frontiers had prevented settlements being formed, hut ranging 
parties had penetrated the wilds, and quite a number had become somewhat 
conversant with the country we are considering. 

In the autumn of 1746 the regiment of New Hampshire troops commanded 
by Colonel Atkinson was ordered into the Winnipiseogee country to make 
winter quarters, and as a picket-posl against the incursions of French and 
Indians from Canada. The regiment built a strong fort in Sanbornton, at 
the head of Little Bay, and named it Fort Atkinson. The troops remained 
Inn- for nearly a year in idleness, tinder the lax discipline of the provincial 
commanders, and much of the time was spent in fishing and hunting excur- 
sions among the mountains and on and along Lake Winnipiseogee, in which 
the character and capabilities of the country as far north as the Sandwich 
Range were defined and minutely studied. 

42 History of Carroll County. 

The soldiers carried back the most glowing reports of the country, and, 
as Potter says, " the expedition, apparently so fruitless, had its immediate 
advantages, for, aside from the protection afforded by it, the various scouts 
and fishing expeditions explored minutely the entire basin of the Winnipi- 
seogee, and turned the attention of emigrants and speculators to the fine 
lands and valuable forests in that section of the province. And as soon as 
the French and Indian wars were at an end in 1700, the Winnipiseogee basin 
was at once granted and settled." 

Timothy Nash, Benjamin Sawyer, and other hunters had traversed the 
region of the White Mountains and Pemigewasset valley before the French 
and Indian wars, and now returned to make permanent camps in this paradise 
of game. They, as well as the soldiers, carried to the settlements below 
wonderful stories of this land of richness and marvels, and the colonists now 
had opportunities for peaceful explorations under advantages unknown before. 

Lake Winnipiseogee was carefully measured and mapped in 1753, and soon 
the lake and river basins in all the northern part of the state were visited by 
prospectors, for a colonizing fever had broken out among the people of the 
old towns of Massachusetts, Connecticut, and New Hampshire, and after 
the conquest of Canada (1760) the lands prospected were laid out, granted, 
and settled in rapid succession. Under Governors Benning Wentworth and 
John Wentworth hundreds of grants were issued, and complaints were rife 
that exorbitant fees were taken for passing patents of land, that some of the 
best land in the province was granted to people of Massachusetts and Con- 
necticut with views of personal reward, that members of the Wentworth 
family and their intimate friends were almost invariably placed among the 

There was undoubtedly much truth in these charges, and there was 
evidently great favoritism in the distribution of grants. One incident showing 
the looseness in which this matter was treated has come down to us in nearly 
every work of history published concerning the state, and is as follows : — 

In 1763 General Jonathan Moulton, of Hampton, a personal friend of Gov. 
Benning Wentworth, and a grantee of Moultonborough, hoisted a British flag 
upon the horns of an enormous ox weighing 1,400 pounds, which he had 
fattened for the purpose, and with drum and life accompaniment and a great 
parade, drove it to Portsmouth as a present for the governor. He refused all 
compensation, but as a slight token of esteem from so dear a friend, he would 
accept a charter of a small gore of land he had discovered adjoining Moulton- 
borough. The governor pleasantly had the grant issued. It conveyed to the 
wily general 26,972 acres of land, now comprising the towns of New Hampton 
and Centre Harbor. [For authentic statement see Moultonborough.] 

Mark Hunking Wentworth, whose name appears so often in the charters 
of towns, was a brother of Benning Wentworth, and father of John Went- 
worth, who succeeded his uncle as provincial governor. 

Eari/5 Bistort. \:\ 

Townships granted. — The country in Vermont and New Hampshire along 
the Connecticut, the territory along the Androscoggin, the Sain, and in the 

Winnipiseogee hike section was speedily disposed of. Sandwich and Moulton- 
borough were granted in 1763; the various grants constituting Adams, in the 
decade From 17t'. I id 177! : Conway, 17<>5; those organized into Bartlett, from 
1765 to 1772: Burton, Eaton, and Tamworth in L766; Chatham, 1767: Wolfe- 
borough, 1770; Chadbourne's and Hart's Location, 177-. 

Settlements were begun almost simultaneously in Sandwich. Moulton- 
borough, Conway, and other places in 1763, 1764, and 176"). The forests 
resounded with the woodman's strokes; the hand of industry rapidly, and as 
if by enchantment, laid open new fields and erected commodious habitations; 
commerce was extended. The ways over which came the early pioneers could 
not he dignified with the name of roads; they passed through deep and 
tangled forests, over rough hills and mountains, often along and across trouble- 
Some and dangerous streams, not anfrequently through swamps of jungle-like 
growths, and miry and hazardous, where wolves, bears, and catamounts 
obstructed and alarmed their progress. The forests they could not cut down 
as they passed along; the obstructing rocks they could not remove; the 
swamps they could not make passable by causeways; over the streams they 
Could not make bridges; but over and along these paths (often but a mere 
trail indicated by "blazes'" or "spots" cut from the sides of trees) men, 
women, and children ventured through the combination of evils, penetrated 
the recesses of the wilderness, climbed the lulls, wound their way among the 
rocks, carefully avoiding surprises from venomous reptiles warming themselves 
in the rays of the sun, struggled on foot or on horseback through the ooze 
and mire of the swamps, and swam or forded among the treacherous quick- 
Bands of deep and rapid streams. 

In 1773 a census of the province was taken by order of " His Excellency, 
John Went worth, Governor." There was now a permanent population of 
1,194, divided thus: East Town 248, Leavitt's Town 111, Moultonborough 263, 
Sandwich 204, Wolfeborough 165, Conway 203. 

In 1775 there had been a gain of nearly thirty-three per cent., as the 
population was 1,579, divided as follows: Wakefield 320, Leavittstown 83, 
Wolfeborough 211, Ossipee 26, Conway 273, Tamworth 151. Sandwich 243, 
Moultonborough 272. 

In 1777 were taxed on polls and real estate on towns reported, Sandwich 60 
polls, £53 3s. Op., ratable estate; Wolfeborough 44 polls, estates .£107 4s. 7p. ; 
Wakefield si polls, estates £135 8s. 3p. 

The growth was now rapid and valuable. The families of wealth and 
consideration, who had waited for the pioneers t<» prepare the way for their 
coming, had now brought flocks and herds, and cast in their lot with the 
advance guards of civilization. By 1 T '. > « > the population had increased 2<>() 

44 History of Carroll County. 

per cent, in fifteen years. It was now, in spite of the losses of the Revolution, 
4,850, distributed in the towns of Conway 574, Eaton 253, Effingham 154, 
Ossipee 339, Wakefield 646, Wolfeborough 447, Tuftonborough 109, Moulton- 
borough 565, Sandwich 905, Tamworth 266, Albany 133, Bartlett 248, Chat- 
ham 58, Hart's Location 12, Burton 141. 

The increase and inlhix of inhabitants during the last decade of the last 
century was nothing less than marvelous. The nineteenth century com- 
mences with fifteen towns in Carroll county territory, having 9,519 inhabitants: 
Adams 180, Bartlett 548, Brookfield 504, Burton 264, Chatham 183, Conway 
705, Eaton 381, Effingham 451, Moultonborough 857, Ossipee 1,143, Sandwich 
1.413. Tamworth 757, Tuftonborough 357, Wakefield 835, Wolfeborough 941. 

Town organizations had early introduced the law and order of old commu- 
nities. Four towns had duly elected selectmen in 1773. Conway elected 
Abiel Lovejoy and John Webster ; Sandwich, Bagley Weed and Daniel 
Beede ; Moultonborough, Bradbury Richardson and John Adams ; Wolfe- 
borough, Benjamin Folsom, Thomas Taylor, and James Connor. 

Within less than forty years from the granting of the first town in this 
territory, the land of the Indian and his barbarous companions, the wolf, the 
panther, and the bear, had been reclaimed to civilization, and a new epoch 
commenced. The history of one race upon this soil had been closed, and the 
history of another, a higher and a civilized race, begun, and the materials for 
a fruitful and a promising chapter wrought out. Savage possession was 
succeeded by Christian occupancy. 



Grants by James I — North Virginia — Plymouth Company — Captain John Smith — New 
England — Sir Ferdinando Gorges and Captain John Muson — Province of Maine — Laconia — 
First Sett lenient of New Hampshire — Annulling of Plymouth Charter — Death of John Mason 
— Litigation — Robert Tuftou Mason — Governor Benning Wentworth — Twelve Proprietors 
and Their Grants — Legislative Settlements of Mason's Grant. 

IN 1606 ;i belt of twelve degrees on the American coast, embracing nearly all 
the soil from Cape Fear to Halifax, was set apart by James I for two rival 
companies. One, North Virginia, included the land from the forty-first 
degree of north latitude to the forty-fifth; the other extended from the thirty- 
fourth to the -thirty -eighth degree. 

Kaima Land Grants, Titles, Etc. i.~, 

The northern portion was granted to the "Plymouth Company," formed in 
the west of England. The king retained the power of appointmenl of all offi- 
cers, exacted homage and rent, and demanded one fifth of all the gold and sil- 
ver found, and one fifteenth of all the copper for the royal treasury. "No! an 
elemenl of popular liberty was introduced into these charters; the colonists 
were nol recognized as a source of political power; they were at (Ik; mercy of 
a double-headed tyranny composed of the king and his advisers, the Council 
and its agents." 

A new charter was given to the Council of Plymouth, November 3, 1620, 
granting the lands between the fortieth and forty-eighth degrees of north lati- 
tude, from sea to sea, as " New England in America." All powers of legisla- 
tion, unlimited jurisdiction, and absolute property in this tract were given by 
this Charter. The name originated with the celebrated Captain John Smith, 
who. during the years from 1605 to 1616, was the greatest American explorer. 
He made a map of the American coast from Cape Cod to Penobscot in 1614 
and called it "New England." The name came into favor with the sovereign, 
and has been indelibly stamped upon this section of America. 

Sir Ferdinando Gorges and Captain John Mason were prominent members 
of the Council of Plymouth. A man of intellect and courage, a most brilliant 
naval officer, and a leading spirit in many prominent historical events in Eng- 
land. Gorges had always a desire to create a new nation in the barbaric lands 
of America. He had been associated with Raleigh in founding the settlements 
in Virginia, and it was through him that the exploration and map of New Eng- 
land were made by John Smith. Fitting out several expeditions which came 
to naught, he at last became associated with Captain John Mason, a kindred 
spirit, who had been governor of Newfoundland. The meeting of such men 
struck coruscant and rapid sparks of enthusiasm, In quick succession they 
secured various charters, which were intended to, and really did, cover most of 
the territory now in this state. 

The "Province of Maine " was granted by King James to Gorges and 
.Mason, August 10, 1622. This grant was bounded by the rivers Sagadahoc 
( Kennebec) and Merrimack. Palfrey says : "In the same year (1622) the Coun- 
cil [of Plymouth] granted to Gorges and Mason the country bounded by the 
Merrimack, the Kennebec, the ocean, and the river of Canada, and this terri- 
tory was called Laconia." It received its name from the number of lakes lying 
within its territory, and by some was considered to reach beyond the Great 
Lakes. The imperfect knowledge of the country possessed by the Council 
caused them to make such vague description of the lands in the patent and the 
intended extent of territory as to cause innumerable disputes in after years. 

The first settlement of New Hampshire was undoubtedly made in two 
places in the same year (1623). An "Indenture of David Thomson" has been 
preserved that shows that David Thomson came over in the spring of L623 in 

46 History of Carroll County. 

the ship "Jonathan," and settled at "Little Harbor" (Portsmouth), in pursu- 
ance of an agreement he had made with Abraham Colmer, Nicholas Sherwill, 
and Leonard Pomerie, merchants of Plymouth, England, and that neither 
Gorges and Mason nor the Laeonia Company had anything to do with this. 
In (lie same year Edward and William Hilton made a settlement at Dover 
under a patent from the Plymouth Council, which conflicted with that given 
lo the Laeonia proprietors. 

The first ship which came out in the interests of the Laeonia Company was 
the " Warwick," which sailed from London in March, 1630, with Walter Neal, 
governor, and Ambrose Gibbons, factor; instead of commencing a settlement, 
they found one of several years' existence when they reached the mouth of the 

Various patents were granted. Mason and Gorges divided their territory. 
Mason's patents covered the Upper and Lower Plantations, and the settlers 
obtained patents from the Council to protect their rights. In 1634 Thomas 
Williams was appointed governor, and under his wise administration^ great 
improvement was made in the settlements. Laborers, materials for building, 
settlers, cattle, and everything necessary for prosperity came rapidly over from 
England. In 1635, however, the Plymouth Council was compelled to give up 
its charter to the king, and the different provinces from the Hudson to the 
Penobscot were assigned by lot to the twelve living members of the corpo- 
ration, and the colonists had no title to the lands they had subdued and 
cultivated, nor any hope of redress. 

The annulling of the charter caused New Hampshire and Massachusetts to 
belong to Gorges, Mason, and the Marquis of Hamilton, who drew them by lot. 
Neither Mason nor Gorges ever realized his hopes of an English manor here. 
Mason died within a year from the annulling of the Plymouth charter, and "his 
immense estate was swallowed up in outlays, supplies, and wages, and at his 
death his New Hampshire claim was valued at £10,000." By will he devised 
his manor of Mason Hall to his grandson, Robert Tufton, and the residue of 
New Hampshire to his grandson, John Tufton, requiring each to take the name 
of Mason. 

John Tufton Mason died in infancy. Robert Tufton Mason became of age 
in 1650, and in 1052 Mrs Mason sent over Joseph Mason to secure her rights. 
Massachusetts courts decided adversely to her claims, and matters rested thus 
until after the restoration of Charles II, when the king's attorney-general (in 
1662) decided that Robert Tufton Mason "had a good and legal title to the 
province of New Hampshire." The colonists had a long season of trouble and 
persecutions under the various royal governors appointed in the interest of 
Mason, but defeated all his attempts to recover the cultivated lands. 1 

1 In 1661 Fluellen, head chid of the Sokokis, conveyed to Major William Phillips, of Saco, Maine, a tract of 
land bounded in part by " a line running up the Ossipee river from the Saco to Ossipee pond, thence to Ossipee 
mountain, thence to Bumphrej < lhadbourne's logging camp." No title to lands in New Hampshire was perpetu- 
ated from this conveyance. 

Early Land Grants, Titles, Etc. 17 

In 1686 Mason Leased a tract of a million acres of unoccupied Lands in the 
Merrimack valley to twenty individuals for an annual rent of ten shillings. 

The Masonian claims were afterward presented by one Allen, who died in 
1705. His son Thomas renewed the suits commenced by his father, and on 

petition to the queen was permitted to bring a writ of ejectment in the New 
Hampshire courts. After a full hearing, the case was decided against him. 
Taking an appeal to the English courts, the case had not come up for healing 
when he died. Then litigation was stopped for years. 

There is scarcely a land controversy on record which has created so many 
lawsuits, or continued so many years, as this claim of Mason to New Hamp- 
shire. And the end was not yet. During the contentions over the boundaries 
between New Hampshire and Massachusetts more than thirty years later 
(1~:'>S), some astute lawyer discovered a lineal descendant of Captain John 
Mason, bearing the name of John Tufton Mason, and succeeded in getting him 
to make claims to all the lands granted to Captain John Mason, alleging a flaw 
in the conveyance to Allen. The claim proved a good one, and the heirs of 
Mason were again in possession. 

After George II had quieted the boundary question alluded to above, he 
made New Hampshire an independent royal province (1741), with Benning 
Wentworth, Esq., as governor. The same year Mason came again to New 
Hampshire, and in 1744 Governor Wentworth brought a proposition to buy 
Mason's claim before the Assembly. Action by that body was, however, 
delayed by the excitement incident to the Louisburg expedition, in which 
Mason was personally engaged. After his return from military life, Mason, in 
174ti. informed the Assembly that he would sell his claim to private individuals 
if that body did not take speedy action on his proposition. After prolonged 
discussion, the Assembly accepted his terms; but while they were delaying, 
Mason deeded the property to these twelve prominent gentlemen of Ports- 
mouth, receiving therefor the nominal price of £1,500: Theodore Atkinson, 
Mark H. Wentworth, Richard Wibird, John Wentworth (son of the governor), 
George Jaffrey, Nathaniel Meserve, Thomas Packer, Thomas Wallingford, 
Jotham Odiorne, Joshua Pierce, Samuel Moore, and John Moffat. Atkinson 
had three fifteenths, M. H. Wentworth had two fifteenths, and all the rest 
one fifteenth each. These men were afterwards known as the Masonian 

Professor Sanborn says: u This deed led to long and angry disputes 
between the purchasers and the Assembly. They at one time agreed to 
surrender their claim to the Assembly, provided the land should lie granted by 
the governor and Council. The Assembly was jealous of these officers, and 
would nut accept the offer. The people murmured, the legislators threatened; 
but the new proprietors stood firm. They proceeded to grant new townships 
on the most liberal terms, asking no reward lor the lands occupied by actual 

48 History of Carroll County. 

settlers, only insisting on immediate improvement in roads, mills, and churches. 
Tlie\ reserved in each town one right for a settled minister, one for a par- 
sonage, one for a school, and fifteen rights for themselves. This generous 
conduct made them friends, and they soon became popular with all parties. 
The heirs of Allen threatened loudly to vindicate their claim, hut never 
actually commenced a suit. So the matter ran on, under the new proprie- 
torship, till the Revolution, like a flood, swept away all these rotten defences, 
and gave to actual settlers a title, in fee simple, to their farms." 

The hound of these grants on the west was limited to threescore miles, 
and in time a dispute arose on two points: where the exact limit should be 
fixed, and whether the western boundary should be a carve or a straight line. 
Dr Belknap says on this : — 

The Masonian proprietors claimed a curve line as their western boundary, and under the 
royal government no one had controverted that claim. When the war with Great Britain was 
terminated by the peace of 17s:j, the grantees of some crown lands with which this line inter- 
fered petitioned the Assembly to ascertain the limits of .Mason's patent. The Masonians at 
the samo time presented a petition showing the pretensions which they had to a curve line, 
and praying that a survey of it, which had been made in 176S by Robert Fletcher, might be 
established. About the same time, the heirs of Allen, whose claim had long lain dormant for 
want of ability to prosecute it, having consulted counsel and admitted some persons of prop- 
erty into partnership with them, entered and took possession of the unoccupied lands within 
the limits of the patent, and, in imitation of the Masonians, gave general deeds of quitclaim 
to all bona fide purchasers previously to the first of May. 17S">, which deeds were recorded in 
each county and published in the newspapers. They also petitioned the Assembly to estab- 
lish a headline for their patent. After a solemn hearing of these claims, the Assembly 
ordered a survey to be made of sixty miles from the sea on the southern and eastern lines 
of the state, and a straight line to be run from the end of one line of sixty miles to the end of 
the other. It also passed an act to quiet all bona fide purchasers of lands between the straight 
and curve lines, so far as that the state should not disturb them. This survey was made in 
1787 by Joseph Blanchard and Charles Clapham. 

The line begins on the southern boundary, at Lot No. 18. in the town of Rindge. Its 
course is north, thirty-nine east. Its extent is ninety-three and one-half miles. It ends at a 
point in the eastern boundary which is seven miles and two hundred and six rods northward 
ill (.real Ossapy river. This line being established as the headline or western boundary of 
Mason's patent, the Masonians. for the sum of forty thousand dollars in public securities and 
eight hundred dollars in specie, purchased of the state all its right and title to the unoccupied 
lands between the straight line and the curve. The heirs of Allen were then confined in their 
claim to those waste lands only which were within the straight line. They have since com- 
promised their disputes with the proprietors of eleven of the fifteen Masonian shares by deeds 
of mutual quitclaim and release. This was done in January, 1790. 

In the original grant to Mason, November 7, 1(329, it was made to include 
"all that pari id' the mainland in New England lying upon the seacoast, 
beginning from the middle part of Merrimack river, and from thence to 
proceed northwards along the seacoast to Pascataqua river, and so forwards 
up within the said river and to the furtherest head thereof, and from thence 
northwestward, until threescore miles be finished from the first entrance of 
Pascataqua river; also, from Merrimack through the said river and to the 

Early Land Grants, Titles, Etc. pi 

furtheresl head thereof, and so forwards up into the lands west wait Is. until 
threescore miles be finished; and from thence to cross overland to the three- 
score miles end. acconiptcd from Pascal a<| ua river." 

This grant, as modified and confirmed April 22, 1635, kept the same bounds 
and language. The Masonians, says Hammond, in their eagerness, perhaps, to 
make the most of their patent, claimed that the crossline from the southwestern 
to northerly bound should be a curve line, or the are of a circle of sixty miles 
from a point on the seacoast. But evidently the quantity of land taken in by 
a sweep of sixty miles would depend much on the starting-point, and much 
more whether it would be a straight line or a eurve. This caused much dispute 
and litigation. The curve line drawn on Carrigain's map (1816) commences at 
the southwestern end, in Fit/.william, and in its sweep across to the north- 
eastern bound passes through Marlborough, Roxbury, Sullivan, Marlow, Wash- 
ington, Goshen, New London, Wilmot, Orange, Hebron, Plymouth, Holderness, 
Campton, Sandwich, Burton, to or near the south line of Conway. In a note 
on his map, Mr. Carrigain says: "A survey made in 1768 carried the eastern 
end of the Mason curve line ten miles further down; hence the straight line of 
1TS7 runs to the S. W. corner of Rindge." In conformity to this statement, 
the straight line drawn on Belknap's map (1791) commences on the western 
end. in Rindge, and runs through Jaffrey, Peterborough, Greenfield, Frances- 
town, Weare, Hopkinton, Concord, Canterbury, Gilmanton, across Lake Winni- 
piseogee, Wolfeborough, Tuftonborough, to Ossipee. 1 It will be seen that the 
difference in land between the two lines was well worth some litigation. The 
ad of June 28, 1787, quieted the titles of all bona fide purchasers of the lands 
in dispute. The Masonian proprietors held title to much of the land in the 
southern half of what is now Carroll county, and the controversy we have thus 
reviewed is a part of its history. 

'The committee appointed to run this line says in its report to the House, February 1, 17ss, that they did 
run it bom " about 70 rods below Colonel Badger's house [Gilmanton] across a small part or corner of the 
Gore over Rattlesnake Island in Winncpeseochee I'oml to Wolfboroughj about 2 rods north of Ebeue/.er Horn's 
bairn, ami other places as noted on the plan." 

50 History of Carroll County. 



Character of Early Settlers of New Hampshire — Concerning the Houses, Manner of 
Living, etc. — " The Meeting-house " — Minister — Traveling — Labor — Children — Carroll 
Count}' Pioneers — Hardships — Privations — Sufferings — Education — Dress, etc. 

CHARACTER of Early Settlers of New Hampshire. — The people 
of Carroll county, as well as those of the other counties of the state, 
have a personal interest in the characters and aims of the early settlers of 
New Hampshire. It is of interest to them and their descendants whether the 
early proprietors and settlers were actuated merely by a sordid love of gain, or 
whether, with the business enterprise they manifested, there was not also a 
design to plant on these lands the Christian religion and to uphold the Chris- 
tian faith. Were we to believe all that was said by the men of the 
Massachusetts Colony, we would pronounce them godless, lawless persons 
" whose chief end was to catch fish." Rev. James de Normandie, in his 
excellent " History of Portsmouth," in speaking of the long and bitter 
controversy on this subject, says : " All of the proprietors interested in the 
settlement were of the Established Church, and it was only natural that all 
of the settlers who came out with them should be zealous in that faith. 
Gorges and Mason, Godfrie and Neal, Gibbons and Chadbourne, and 
Williams, and all the names appearing on the colonial records, were doubt- 
less of this faith. Among the earliest inventories of the colony's goods we 
find mention of service-books, of a flagon, and of cloths for the communion 
table, which show that provisions for worship were not neglected, and of what 
form the worship was." Gorges, in defending his company from various 
charges before the English House of Commons, asserts that " I have spent 
c£ "20,000 of my estate and thirty years, the whole flower of my life, in new 
discoveries and settlements upon a remote continent, in the enlargement of my 
country's commerce and dominions, and in carrying civilization and Christianity 
into regions of savages." In Mason's will were instructions to convey 1,000 
acres of his New Hampshire estate " for and towards the maintenance of an 
honest, godly, and religious preacher of God's Word, in some church or chapel 
or other public place appointed for divine worship and service within the county 
of New Hampshire;" together with provisions for the support of a "free 
grammar school for the education of youth." No better proofs could be given 

Early Skttlkks. ;,\ 

that the aspirations of these energetic men, from whom many of the citizens of 

this county claim descent, were high, moral, and religious. 

Concerning the houses, manner of living, etc., of the early inhabitants of New 
Hampshire, Professor Sanborn says: "The primitive log-house, dark, dirty, and 
dismal, rarely outlived its first occupant. The first framed houses were usually 
small, low, and cold. The half-house, about twenty feet square, satisfied the 
unambitious. The double house, forty by twenty feet in dimensions, indicated 
progress and wealth. It was designed for shelter, not for comfort or elegance. 
The windows were small, without blinds or shutters. The fireplace was suffi- 
ciently spacious to receive logs of three or four feet in diameter, with an oven in 
the back and a line nearly large enough to allow the ascent of a balloon. One 
could sit in the chimney-corner and see the stars. All the cooking was done by 
this fire. Around it also gathered the family at evening, often numbering from 
six to twelve children. The furniture was simple and useful, all made of the 
wood of the native forest trees. Pine, birch, cherry, walnut, and the curled 
maple were most frequently chosen by the 'cabinet-maker.' Vessels of iron, 
copper, and tin were used in cooking. The dressers, extending from floor to 
ceiling in the kitchen, contained the mugs, basins, and plates of pewter which 
shone upon the farmer's board at the time of meals. The post of the house- 
wife was no sinecure. She had charge of the dairy and kitchen, besides 
washing and mending for the ' men-folks,' spinning and weaving, sewing and 
knitting. The best room, often called the 'square or spare room,' contained a 
bed, a bureau or desk, or a chest of drawers, a clock, and, possibly, a brass fire- 
set. Its walls were entirely destitute of ornament. It was an age of simple 
manners and industrious habits. Contentment, enjoyment, and longevity were 
prominent characteristics of that age. Prior to 1820, there were nearly four 
hundred persons who died in New Hampshire between the ages of ninety and 
a hundred and live years. Fevers and epidemics sometimes swept away the 
people, but consumption and neuralgia were then almost unknown. Their 
simple diet and active habits were conducive to health. 

"' The meeting-house 1 was a framed building. Its site was a high hill; its 
shape a rectangle, flanked with heavy porticoes, with seven windows upon each 
side. Every family was represented here on the Sabbath. The clergymen, 
who were often the secular as well as the spiritual advisers, were settled by 
major vote of the town, and tax-payers were assessed for his salary according 
to their ability. The people went to church on foot or on horseback, the 
wife riding behind the husband on a •pillion.' Chaises, wagons, and sleighs 
were unknown. Sometimes whole families were taken to ' meeting ' on an 
ox-sled. The meeting-houses had no stoves or furnaces, so that the worshipers 
were dependent for their comfort upon the ardor of the minister's exhortations 
and the fervor of their own religious emotions. Traveling was difficult and 
laborious. Neither men nor women were ever idle. Books were few: news- 

52 History of Carroll County. 

papers were seldom seen at the country fireside. News from England did not 
reach the inland towns until five or six months after the occurrence of the 
events reported. Intelligence from New York reached New Hampshire in a 
week. In 1816 travel was mostly on horseback, the mail being so carried in 
many places. 

" Inns or taverns in the thickest settlements were found in every four to 
eight miles. Feed for travelers' teams was : half-baiting of hay, four cents ; 
whole baiting, eight cents ; two quarts of oats, six cents. The bar-room fire- 
place was furnished with a loge/erhead, hot at all times, for making ' flip.' The 
' flip ' was made of beer made from pumpkin dried on the crane in the kitchen 
fireplace, and a few dried apple-skins and a little bran. Half-mug ' flip,' or 
half-gill ' sling,' six cents. On the table was to be found a ' shortcake ' and 
the ever-present decanter or bottle of rum. 

" Women's labor was fifty cents per week. They spun and wove most of 
the cloth that was worn. Flannel that was dressed at the mill, for women's 
wear, was fifty cents a yard ; men's wear, one dollar. 

" Farmers hired their help for nine or ten dollars a month — some clothing 
and the rest cash. Carpenters' wages, one dollar a day ; journeymen carpenters, 
fifteen dollars a month ; and apprentices to serve six or seven years had ten 
dollars the first year, twenty the second, thirty the third, and so on, and to 
clothe themselves. 

"Breakfast generally consisted of potatoes roasted in the ashes, a ' bannock ' 
made of meal and water and baked on a maple chip set before the fire. Pork 
was plenty. If ' hash ' was served, all ate from the same platter without plates 
or tablecloth. Apprentices and farm-boys had for supper a bowl of scalded 
milk and a brown crust, or bean porridge, or ' poprobin.' They had no 
tumblers, nor were they asked if they would have tea or coffee ; it was, ' Please 
pass the mug ! '" 

The children of those days were expected to be quiet in the presence of their 
parents, and respectful in their manners and speech. " Early to bed and early 
to rise " was punctiliously enforced. Their food was plain, and with pure air 
and industrious habits they made stalwart men and long-lived women. 

Carroll Count// Pioneers. — Two classes of persons, with very distinctly 
marked characteristics, penetrated this wilderness. The leaders were men of 
intelligence, energy, perseverance, and some had property. They had two 
objects in view: to furnish permanent homes for themselves and their posterity, 
and to acquire wealth by the rise of their lands. They brought horses, coWs, 
swine, and sheep, and could supply their tables with meat, and in a short time 
had comfortable houses. Many of these pioneers were people of limited means 
and but little of this world's goods, but their brave hearts and willing hands 
stood them in good stead, and they patiently endured privations, sufferings, 
and discouragements unknown at the present day. Settlers. 53 

,Hardshiqp% of the Settlers. — It is difficult for the present generation to con- 
ceive the hardships of the pioneers who a century and 1 v ago invaded these 

forest wilds and determined to wring a livelihood from lands upon which the 
shadows of mountains lay ai morn or eventide. Whether we read the accounts 
of the early inhabitants in Jackson, Conway, Bartlett, Albany, Ossipee, Sand- 
wich, Wakefield, Wolfeborough, etc., the trials are essentially the same. The 
perils of isolation, the fear of Indian raids, the ravages of wild beasts, the 
wrath of the rapid mountain torrents, the obstacles to communication which 
the vast wilderness interposed, — every form of discomfort and danger was 
apparently indieated h} r these grand mountains as impassable barriers to intru- 
sion and occupation. But the adventurous spirit of man, implanted by the 
Supreme Being for his own wise purposes, carries him into the tangled forest, 
into new climates, and to foreign shores, and the great work of civilization 
goes on from year to year, from decade to decade, from century to century, and 
these forest solitudes are transformed into smiling fields, with manufactories 
and villages scattered through the intersecting valleys. 

Privations, eta. — Living at a distance of many miles from the seaporl 
towns, all heavy articles, such as salt, iron, lead, and in fact everything indis- 
pensable to civilized life that could not be procured from the soil or forest was 
obliged to be transported upon the backs of men or horses. One man once 
went eighty miles on foot through the woods to a lower settlement for a bushel 
of salt, the scarcity of which had produced sickness and suffering, and returned 
with it on his back. Several of the earliest settlers lived for years without any 
neighbors fur miles. One man was obliged to go ten miles to a mill, and would 
carry a bushel of corn on his shoulder, and take it back in meal. But often 
these brave men did not even have the corn to be ground : they were threat- 
ened with famine, and were obliged to send deputations thirty, fifty, and sixty 
miles to purchase grain. These families were tried by the freshets that tore up 
the rude bridges, swept off their barns, and even floated their houses on the 
meadows. On the Saco intervale, in the year 1800, a heavy rain swelled the 
river so that it iloated every cabin and shed that had been built on it. 

Many times, when by their industry and hard work the settlers had accu- 
mulated provision for the future, the bears would come down upon them and 
steal their pigs or anything else they could take. Meal and water and dried 
fish without salt was often their diet for days, when game was shy or storms 
prevented hunting. Pluck, perseverance, and persistenc}' - were the cardinal 
virtues of these pioneers, and, endowed with strong and vigorous constitutions, 
they cultivated the spirit of endurance so necessary to their condition in life. 

They suffered much from the inadequate legislation of those early times, 
and their patience was often tried to the utmost, when they sent petition alter 
petition to the legislature without receiving an answer until years had passed. 

As soon as possible after these people had made rude habitations in which 

54 History of Carroll County. 

to abide, they would make arrangements for the preaching of the gospel and 
the education of their children. A primitive structure of rough logs was 
rolled up for a schoolhouse. This was lighted by an occasional pane of glass; 
and here their religious services were often held, and here the same desire 
for learning was kindled and fed as in the convenient and pretentious edifices 
of to-day. There were but few props and helps to climb the hill of learning, 
but many a man has taken his place among the cultured people of the land 
who was taught his A B C\s in just such a schoolhouse. 

The dress of these pioneers was necessarily simple and of their own manu- 
facture. The women were obliged to work very industriously, so many duties 
devolved upon them. Many of them would work from eighteen to twenty 
hours a day. They would card and spin the wool from their sheep, weave and 
color it (in some primitive way), then cut and make their plain garments. 
They had neither the means nor opportunity for fine clothes, but they were 
dressed neatly and generally scrupulously clean. Before they raised sheep, the 
men wore garments made of mooseskin, and towcloth was also used largely 
for both men and women. No luxuries, no laces, no " lingerie," in which the 
women of the present take so much pride. Linen and tow were used instead 
of cotton, and dressed flax was to some extent an article of export. 

Hard wood was cut from large tracts of land and burned to obtain ashes, 
which the early settlers leached and boiled into " salts," and carried where they 
could find a market. Those who had no team either drew their load by hand 
or carried it on their backs ; and the man who could not carry a hundred 
pounds on his back was not fit for a pioneer. Money was so scarce that the 
most that could be obtained went for taxes. In winter the snow was so fear- 
fully deep that the few families with their homes at some distance from each 
other could not keep the road or marked ways open, and consequently great 
suffering often ensued. 

But these hardships, privations, and sufferings did not dwarf their intellects 
or diminish their physical powers, and a good character of solidity, intelligence, 
and industry has ever been connected with the inhabitants of this county. 
Men distinguished in the domains of law, literature, medicine, and science 
with just pride point to Carroll County as the place of their birth, while the 
county with equal pride claims them as her sons. 

Primitive Manners and Customs. 



Clearing Land — Planting — First Crops — Preparation of Flax — Carding — Garments — 
Booses — Modes of Traveling — Food — Primitive Cooking — "Driving" — Game— Liquors 
— Tools — Spinning — Loom and Weaving. 

THE early inhabitants were generally small farmers, depending mainly on the 
animal products of their farms for their sustenance. In the winter some 
attention was given to the manufacture of staves and oars, with which a 
portion of their groceries were purchased. The early spring was devoted to 
sugar-making, while the principal part of the summer season was occupied in 
"clearing land" and raising crops. Trees were usually felled in June, as then 
they were in full leaf. The branches were "lopped" and the trees left to 
"dry" for several weeks. They were then set on fire, and the leaves and 
small branches burned. If it was intended to put the land into rye, the 
principal grain crop, the scorched trunks were at once "cut up" and "piled," 
and the "heaps burnt off." In piling and burning, the father and sons were 
frequently assisted by the female members of the family; and at the close of a 
day thus spent in " the lot " the whole group would have well passed for 
"contrabands." The ashes left from the burning heaps were gathered and sold 
to " the storekeeper," who had " a potash " connected with his little grocery. 
Sometimes the felled trees, after being " burned over," were permitted to 
remain until the following spring, when they were cut, piled, and burnt, and 
the land planted to Indian corn by the method termed "under the hoe;" the 
fanner, after removing a little of the burnt surface of the earth with a hoe, 
would loosen and raise a small portion of the soil. At the same moment a 
nimble boy or girl would deposit a few kernels of corn beneath the hoe, and 
the work of planting was completed. The crop would require little or no care 
until the harvest, but sometimes it would be necessary to cut down a few 
tender weeds. Early in the autumn, before gathering the corn, the land was 
sown with winter rye, which was "hacked in" with hoes. Subsequently grass 
seed was sown. The harvest of rye would come off in July or August of the 
following year, leaving the soil, if there had been a "good catch." which was 
usually the case, well swarded. The hay crop the succeeding year was 

56 History of Carroll County. 

generally very heavy. So rankly would it grow as to render the use of the 
rake in gathering it unnecessary. 

Grain was threshed with flails in the fields on plats of earth rendered hard 
by beating. It was winnowed by being shaken in a strong current of air. 
That portion of it mixed with the earth was fed out to swine or used for seed. 
Sometimes threshing-floors were built of timber and boards. Corn was husked 
in the open air, and secured in eorncribs or small latticed buildings. Portions 
of the corn-fodder, straw, and hay were deposited in stacks, the barns, or, more 
properly, hovels, being too small to contain the whole. A roof of split-stuff, 
or boards, was usually placed over the stack. 

Wheat, oats, and potatoes were but little cultivated. Turnips were a 
common crop. Flax was an important product. It did not succeed well on 
" burnt ground," and it was the custom with those who were making new 
farms to hire it grown on the plowed lands of the first settlers. It was 
harvested by being pulled from the roots and tied in small bundles. 
Then, after being exposed to the sun for a few days, the bolls were threshed to 
obtain the seed. Subsequently it was taken to the field and thinly spread on 
the surface of the ground, until the straw became so much rotted as to be 
easily broken. It was then gathered into bundles again and stored, where it 
usually remained until the early spring of the following year. March was 
accounted the best month for "-getting out flax." It was first "broken," by 
being repeatedly beaten in a machine with wooden knives, or teeth, termed a 
"break," until the straw was reduced to small fragments, leaving its external 
covering, a strong fibre, uninjured. It was then "swingled." This was done 
by suspending it beside an upright board fixed in a heavy log, and beating it 
with a large wooden knife, until the greater portion of the shives and coarser 
fibres was removed. It was then hackled, or combed, by being repeatedly 
drawn through a machine of strong pointed wires attached to a wooden base. 
It was sometimes again subjected to a similar process, a finer instrument being 
used. What remained was termed flax ; that which had been removed by the 
several processes, tow, of which there were three kinds — fine tow, coarse tow, 
and swingle tow. " To get out flax " required a certain degree of skill and 
practice, and persons who were adepts at the business were accustomed to go 
from place to place for that purpose. The manner of spinning flax was 
peculiar. It was first wound about a distaff made of the terminating twigs of 
the pine bough, fastened together in such a manner as to form a globular- 
shaped framework. This distaff was attached to a small wheel called a "linen 
wheel." This was moved with the foot, the hand being employed in drawing 
out the flax, and occasionally applying it to the lips, for the purpose of 
moistening it. Flax-spinning furnished an opportunity for a class of social 
interviews called "spinning-bees," when the women of a neighborhood would 
take their wheels to one house and spend the afternoon in busy labor and talk, 

Primitive Manners \m> Customs. 57 

permitting the friend whom they visited to have the benefil of their toil. Tow 
was carded with hand cards, and spun in a manner similar to wool. Swingle 
tow was used in the manufacture of meal-bags and straw ticks. Combed tow 
formed a pari of towels, coarse tablecovers, and common outer garments. Ii 
was sometimes used for under garments, in which case, it is said, flesh brushes 
and hair mittens were rendered unnecessary. Flax and woo] were the principal 
materials from which were manufactured the cloth and clothing of the family. 
Occasionally small purchases of cotton would be made, hut this was very little 
us.mI. Nut ciily was there a supply of (doth sufficient for home uses manu- 
factured, but also a little for sale. Hence, in setting up housekeeping, it was 
necessary to provide the young couple with a Large and a small spinning-wheel, 
a loom, reeds, harnesses, warping bars, spools, and quills. These were regarded 
as matrimonial fixtures, and a young woman was not considered as " fit to be 
married " until she had supplied her wardrobe, dining-room, and bed-chamber 
with the manufactures of her own hands. 

Garments were made in the family. Sometimes a tailor would he applied to 
for the purpose of "cutting out" a coat. This was usually the only required 
aid from abroad. The rest of the household apparel was made by members of 
the family. In warm weather almost every one went barefooted. In the 
autumn the shoemaker with his kit, consisting of a hammer, a strap, and a few 
knives and awls wrapped up in his leather apron, went from house to 'house 
for the purpose of ''shoeing'* the several families, his employers furnishing the 
material — leather, thread, and bristles, and even the resin and tallow used in 
manufacturing the wax. Pie was also expected to provide a lapstone and lasts. 
If the latter were wanting, blocks of wood were shaped to accommodate the 
several members of the family. The cordwainer was generally a jovial fellow, 
full of fun and stories, and pretty sure to give the unlucky urchin who might 
chance to stand near his elbow a thrust in the ribs. Cattle were also frequently 
shod upon the farmer's premises. They were "cast" on beds of straw and 
securely hound, their feet pointing upward. In this position the shoes were 
secured to them. 

Much of the woolen cloth designed for men's clothing was woven with a 
wale, and colored a yellowish brown with the bark of the yellow oak. Blue 
was a color greatly in vogue, and an indigo dye-pot was found in almost every 
chimney-corner. This color, however, was generally combined with some other 
in the manufacture of cloth. A "copperas color and blue check" was regarded 
as very desirable for female attire. 

The clothing consisted principally of home manufactures. In winter the 
men sometimes wore deerskin garments, but more frequently short woolen 
frocks and trowsers. In summer the same style was preserved, hut the material 
changed, tow-and-linen being substituted for wool. Holiday garments were 
made of thick -full-cloth." Nearly every substantial citizen was the possessor 

58 History of Carroll County. 

of a grayish-white "great-coat," which lasted a lifetime. Boots were almost 
unknown, shoes and buskins being- worn in winter. The buskin was simply a 
footless stocking fastened to the shoe for the purpose of protecting the foot 
and lower part of the leg from the snow. The "go-to-meeting" dress of a 
woman consisted of a bonnet called a calash, which resembled a chaise-top, a 
short, loose gown, a skirt, an apron, and a handkerchief fastened about the 
neck. A hooded cloak, somewhat similar to the style of the present day, 
usually of a red color, was worn in winter. The stylish ladies wore straw 
bonnets; one, with an occasional bleaching, would last for a decade. They 
also dressed more elaborately than the common class. The Vandyke was 
also worn. 

Shoes, and generally stockings, were worn to church. With many it would 
have been regarded as an unwarrantable waste to have worn shoes on the way. 
They were carried in the hand until the place of meeting was nearly reached, 
and then put on, to be taken off again on the return. Some of the more 
wealthy wore coarse shoes on the road, and exchanged them for " moroccos " 
when near the church door. Such carefulness was necessary in order that a 
person might preserve suitable apparel for holiday occasions, since a young 
woman with her week's wages could only purchase two yards of cotton print. 
"Fancy goods" bore a corresponding price. 

The walls of many of the houses were constructed of logs, which, however, 
usually were hewn and the interstices between them filled with clay mortar. 
The better class of the people had frame-houses covered with rough boards and 
unpainted. The interior was seldom completely finished. The rooms were 
separated by a ceiling of boards, sometimes planed and occasionally paneled, 
but more frequently rough. Chimneys were built of rough stone, and topped 
with laths plastered with clay. In the better class of houses they were built 
of brick. In all cases they were very large and provided with spacious fire- 
places. The oven opened into the fireplace. In some instances it was built in 
the open air, but not frequently. These large chimneys were more easily 
constructed of coarse materials than smaller ones, and were also necessary on 
account of the large fires kept burning in the cold season. These fires could 
not be dispensed with, the houses being so openly constructed as to readily 
admit the open air. The hovels for the shelter of stock consisted of walls 
built of hewn logs fastened at the corners, and covered with a roof similar to 
that placed over the haystack. 

The mode of traveling was principally on foot. Few horses were owned by 
the people. These were used for horseback riding. It was a common practice 
for two persons to ride at one time, usually a man and a woman — the man 
riding before on a saddle, and the woman upon a pillion attached to the saddle. 
Not unfrequently one child, and sometimes two children, would be carried 
at the same time. Wheel carriages were rarely used by the inhabitants. In 

Peimitive Manners am» Customs. 59 

the winter season sleds drawn bj horses and oxen were in common use. I 
sleds were also used for drawing hay from the fields and other burthens in the 
summer season. 

The food of the people was quite simple. Rye and Indian corn were the 
principal grains raised. These were ground at the grist-mill, hut not bolted. 
The coarse bran was separated with a hand sieve, and when it was desirable 
t<> obtain tine flour, the silted meal was shaken in a fine sieve. Various hut 
simple were the ways of cooking these meals. Some of the methods are still 
in use. The « rye-and-Injun " Loaf will probably be retained to the latest 
posterity. One mode of preparing bread then very prevalent is now entirely 
out o\' use. the baking of bannocks. It was in this manner: Thick hatter was 
spread upon a plate or small sheet of iron, sometimes upon a bit of board, and 
set up edgewise before the kitchen fire. Where the family was large, a con- 
siderable many of these would be before the lire at the same time. Rude as 
this method may seem, it required some skill to properly manage the baking. 
(are must he taken that the bread did not burn or slide down on the hearth- 
stone. When one side was sufficiently baked, the bannock must be "turned," 
that the other side might he presented to the fire. To do this skilfully was 
regarded as a very desirable attainment. Meats were somewhat sparingly eaten. 
Beef and mutton could not well be afforded on account of the scarcity of 
eattle and sheep. Pork was not very abundant; for although almost every 
family kept swine, they were required to obtain their living by running at 
large during the summer season, and were but little fattened in the fall. Some 
wild meats were eaten, and a good supply of fish was obtained from the brooks, 
ponds, and lake. 

One very common dish was "bean porridge," prepared by boiling meat, 
beans, and Indian corn together. "Boiled corn " was much eaten. The shelled 
kernels were first slightly boiled in weak lye, by which means the hulls were 
removed. They were then repeatedly rinsed in pure water in order to remove 
the alkaline matter, and afterwards subjected to several hours' boiling. When 
sufficiently cooked the corn was served up with milk or molasses. Roasted 
potatoes, boiled fish, and butter furnished a healthful repast. Boiled meat, 
turnips, and brown bread afforded a substantial dinner. Poultry, bacon, and 
were eaten to some extent. Puddings were very common. Fine meal 
bread, sweetened with maple sugar or West India molasses, and [ties sometimes 
graced the supper table. " Hasty pudding and milk" was a very common dish. 
especially for children. 

This simple manner of living rendered the people of that time hardy and 
capable of performing a large amount of labor. It was not an uncommon 
thing for a man to fell an acre of trees in one day. To be sure, this was done 
in part by ••driving.*' as it was termed. This was the method: A considerable 
number of trees were cut partly off; then one very large and favorably situ- 

60 History of Carroll County. 

ated was selected, which in falling would strike others, and these again others, 
until scores, and perhaps hundreds, would come crashing down at the same 
time. Still it required much physical energy and strength to accomplish that 
amount of labor in so short ;i time. Piling was also very heavy work, and 
occasioned a lively competition. Two persons generally worked together, and 
it was regarded as disreputable for one to permit his end of the log to fall 
behind that of his fellow-laborer. 

Hunting and fishing were the principal amusements of the settlers, and in 
this profit was chiefly considered. In the fall bears were quite troublesome in 
the eornfiehls, and were destroyed in various ways — sometimes by being 
caught in log traps, or by being shot with guns set for the purpose, and some- 
times by direct hunting. Their flesh in the autumn or early part of the winter 
was considered very good. In the winter deer were taken in considerable 
numbers. Other wild game was hunted ; some for flesh, some for fur, and 
others to prevent depredations on the growing crops or domestic animals. At 
this period liquors were in common use, although seldom drunk immoderately 
except on extraordinary occasions. When friends met at the store or at their 
own house, "a treat" was expected, and the storekeeper would have been 
regarded as niggardly who did not offer his customer a dram if he had made a 
considerable purchase. On all public occasions and social feasts liquors were 
provided, generally at the expense of the managers. Laborers, especially if the 
toil was uncommonly severe, expected their allowance of grog ; even the house- 
wife on washing day did not hesitate to take a " drop sweetened." It was 
always kept on hand for visitors, and however scanty and coarse might be the 
food offered, if the bowl of toddy or mug of flip was forthcoming the claims of 
hospitality were satisfactorily complied with. A bowl of toddy consisted of a 
half-pint of rum mixed with sugar and water, and was regarded a drink for 
four persons. A mug of flip was composed of the same materials but drunk 
warm. Town officers were supplied with liquor at the expense of the town, 
and frequently furnished it for persons calling at the town office on business. 
Sometimes the whole company present would be invited to drink. At the 
"vendue" of two vagrants in 1784, in Wolfeborough, twenty-one bowls of 
toddy were drunk at the expense of the town. At the sale of the pews of the 
Wolfeborough meeting-house in 1791, liquors were provided by the selectmen. 
Notwithstanding the general use of intoxicating drinks at this period, drunken- 
ness was not very common. 

The axe was the universal and most important companion of a settler in a 
New England forest. This, as well as all other farming tools composed of iron 
or steel, was manufactured by the village blacksmith. It was usually quite 
heavy, and clumsily made. Sometimes it was broad on the edge, being shaped 
somewhat like the broad-axe. The hoe consisted of a small plate of hammered 
iron, to which was fastened a socket. Through this the handle was put, and 

I'uimitivi; Mannkks and Cist. .ms. 61 

fastened with wedges. The shovel was made of firm wood, and the blade 
occasionally bordered with iron, or "shod." The "plo\>* irons" consisted of 
two parts, the colter and the " chip-and-wing," or share. The "wood-work" 
was made at the farmer's house. In constructing it timber was nol sparingly 

used. Tl Eurrow-board " was taken from a winding tree. The plow, being 

short and clumsy, would nol well turn the sward, but seemed to be designed 
mainly for rooting. It was. however, an implement not much needed, as most 

of the cereal and root crops were raised Oil a "burn." The harrow was made 

of the forking branches of a tree, into which wooden teeth were driven. 

It has been before said that hay was drawn to the stack or hovel upon sleds. 
This was usually the case. Sometimes a sledge was used. This consisted of 
two Ion-- poles, fastened together with cross-bars. The lighter ends of the poles 
were attached to a horse, while the others dragged on the ground. The first 
attempt to manufacture wheels was in this manner: Large trucks were formed 
of plank. Two of these were placed together in such a position that the grains 
of wood in one would cross those of the other, and fastened with tree-nails. 

( )n tl utside of this apology for a wheel was fixed a cleat of ver} r firm wood 

on which the axle might rest. Block wheels followed these. They were 
constructed much like those used at the present time, only the felloes were 
much larger and were not ironed. 

The flail with which grain was threshed consisted of two stout cudgels 
fastened together with a cord or leathern string. The one held in the hand 
was called "the staff," and was a little longer than the other, which was termed 
the •• swingle." It was quite common for two persons to thresh together, each 
striking the grain alternately arid with equal rapidity. Occasionally the flail 
string would break, throwing the swingle high in the air, which in its descent 
was liable to give the laborer a blow on the head. One grindstone and a cross- 
cut saw generally answered for an entire neighborhood. The principal 
mechanical tools owned by a farmer were, with the exception of the axe, a 
gouge and a pod-auger. The gouge was a necessary accompaniment of the 
auger, as it wa^ difficult to enter wood with the auger until a hole was first 
made with the gouge. Besides these were the frow, an elongated wedge used 
in riving timber, and the shave. These last-mentioned tools were \\sv(\ chiefly 
in manufacturing shingles, which were then rived and shaven, and were much 
superior to those of the present time obtained by sawing. 

In preparing wool, cotton, and tow for spinning, it was necessary that tl 
substances should first be formed into "rolls" with hand cards. These rolls 
were a little more than a foot in length; those of wool and cotton being round, 
and those of tow flattened. Carding parties were quite common, when several 
neighbors would each take a small bundle of wool, or more frequently cotton. 
and a pair of cards, and spend the afternoon in forming rolls, taking tea with 
the family which they visited. It was nearly as much labor to caul as to spin 

62 History of Carroll County. 

a certain quantity of the raw material. Wool, cotton, and tow were spun on a 
••hum' wheel.'" This machine consisted of a narrow bench standing on the 
legs, the forward end being more elevated than the back. At the forward end 
were two small posts nearly perpendicular. To these was attached an iron or 
steel spindle, kept in plaee with " ears," formed of hemlock twigs or corn husks. 
At the hack pari of the bench arose another small post inclining backward. 
Near the top of this was a short axle on which revolved a broad-rimmed wheel 
about four feet in diameter. A band of twisted yarn passed from the wheel to 
a grooved "whirl" on the spindle. In spinning the roll was taken in the left 
hand and attached to the spindle; at the same moment a brisk motion was 
given to the wheel with the right hand, the spinner slowly stepping back and 
drawing out a thread of yarn. Usually a small wooden pin was carried in the 
right hand with which the wheel was moved. This was called a " wheel-pin."' 
The yarn was wound from the spindle .with a reel into skeins. Each skein 
consisted of seven knots of forty threads, and each thread was required to be 
six feet long, so that a skein of yarn was one continuous thread 1,680 feet in 
length. It was a daily stint to spin five skeins of wool yarn, or to card and 
spin three skeins. A woman performing this amount of labor usually received 
fifty cents a week and board. The yarn intended for warp was subsequently 
wound on spools, which were hollow cylinders of wood, with a ridge at each 
end. This was done in the following manner: The skein of yarn was stretched 
on a "swift," or revolving reel, and the spool was placed on the spindle of the 
wheel before described. Then, by a continuous turning of the wheel, the yarn 
was transferred from the swift to the spool. The spools were then set in a 
frame called a "spool frame/' being kept in their places with small wooden 
rods, and the threads from the several spools were carried collectively around 
wooden pins set in another frame called " warping bars." This process was 
denominated warping, and was the last step preparatory to putting the yarn 
in the loom for weaving. 

The loom to be found in almost every farmhouse consisted of a stout frame 
of wood about six: feet long, five feet broad, and five feet high. At one end 
was a large cylinder around which the warp was wound. This was called the 
'•yarn beam." At a little distance from this was suspended " the harness," con- 
nected with cords to pulleys above and treadles below. The harness was made 
by connecting two slender shafts with numerous threads. By knotting these 
threads of twine, ••eves'* were formed through which the threads of the warp 
were carried separately. Near the harness and immediately before it hung the 
lathe. This was a wooden frame, the upper part of which rested on the 
timbers of the Loom in such a manner that it could easily be swung forward 
and backward. At the lower part were two cross-bars, one of which was 
movable. Between these cross-bars, which were grooved on the inner edges, 
was fixed the "slaie," now usually termed the reed. This was a frame three or 

Roads. 63 

four feel Long mid four inches broad, in which were set, in an upright position, 
small slips of reed or minute slats. The threads of the warp were drawn 
through the interstices between these slats, then carried over a square timber 
called the "breast beam," and finally connected with a small cylinder called 
the "cloth beam," situated in the lower part of the loom. Fronting the breasl 
beam was placed a high scat for the weaver. The " treadles " (in weaving 

plain cloth two were used) were narrow hoards, one end of each attached to 
the framework of the loom, and the other to the harness. The manner of 
weaving was as follows: A quill, usually the woody stock of some plant, from 
which the pith had been removed, was wound with woof yarn and fixed on a 
small rod in a hand shuttle. By the action of the treadle on the harness the 
alternate threads of the warp were separated. With one hand the operator 
then threw the shuttle between these threads thus separated, and with the 
other brought forward the lathe containing the "slaie." This pressed the 
wool-thread close to the one which preceded it. The lathe was then swung 
hack, the foot pressed on the other treadle, the upper ami lower threads of the 
warp, by the action of the harness, were made to cross each other, and thus 
confine the woof in its place. The shuttle was then thrown hack through the 
new opening between these threads of the warp, and the lathe again brought 
forward: and this course being continued, the web of cloth was at length 
produced. To weave five yards of cloth was the allotment for a day's work. 
When more complicated webs were woven, four or more treadles were used. 



[ndian Trails — Roads, Turnpikes, and Bighways — Early Post Routes — Extracts from 
Governor and Lad} Frances Wentworth's Letters— Return of tin- Governor's Road to 

Plymouth — A < each a i id-six — Turnpikes — Canals — J {ail roads — Lake Navigation. 

INDIAN TRAILS. — A trail existed very early (probably before the discovery 
of America by the whites) from the Ammonoosuc valley, through the 
Notch to North Conway, where it divided, one trail following the Saco to 
the sea, the other pursuing the general route of the railroad southerly through 
this county. Another greal trail Left the Pemigewassel valley at Holderness, 
skirted the northern edge of Squam lake, and then struck through Sandwich 

64 History of Carroll County. 

to the Bear Camp valley, which it followed till it joined the previously described 
one; thence it went down the Ossipee to its junction with the Saco. From 
near Kusump pond a smaller trail left this, wound around the east side of Red 
Hill, and passed through Moultonborough, Tuftonborough, and Wolfeborough 
t<> the south side of Winnipiseogee. Along these routes, in the early French 
;iih1 Indian wars, marched the hostile Canadian Indians on their way to the 
lower settlements, and along them they brought the scalps and prisoners 
acquired in their bloody forays. It is probable that other trails led through 
Sandwich and Pinkham notches, but they were not main thoroughfares of 
travel, were not so well defined, and traces of their existence were soon lost 
when they were unused. 

_Ro«</x, Turnpikes, and Highways. — The Indian trails, kept somewhat worn 
by hunters and trappers, were better than a, trackless Avilderness, but they did 
not meet the demands of the pioneers. In 1722 a road had been cut out 
to the eastern shore of Winnipiseogee, a block-house erected, and a guard 
stationed there. This is the first road of which we have record. No more 
roads were undertaken until after the peace of 1760. The settlers who shortly 
after this came hither came by the Salmon Falls river, from Gilmanton to the 
ninth shore of the lake in boats, and hastily prepared, first, marked trails, 
along which men and horses could pick their way, and later, cut out roads about 
eight feet wide, corduroying the swamps and marshy places at the crossings 
of streams. These were not much like our later roads, but the pioneers were 
able to drive cattle along them, and to travel on foot and horseback with- 
out serious detriment to their progress. In laying out some towns, the 
surveyors laid out range-ways, but these followed the arbitrary lines of the lots, 
and were of little avail for highway purposes. The narrow roads were unsuited 
to the needs of a rapidly increasing population, and in all town and proprietors' 
meetings roads was the most important subject of discussion, and petition after 
petition was sent to the legislature concerning them. July 27, 1767, the pro- 
prietors of Fryeburg voted to lay out two open roads, one on each side of the 
Saco, and these were soon met by the Conway settlers. A road of quite a good 
character was very early constructed from Wolfeborough to Conway, and the 
fust mention of Wolfeborough in the state documents in the office of the 
Secretary of State is in relation to making a road from that place to Stonington. 
This was in legislative records of action done October 26, 1768, brought about 
by the report of a committee appointed March 12, 1767, to look out and mark 
roads from Upper Coos to Pigwacket. 

In 1772 Colonel Joseph Whipple moved from Portsmouth to Jefferson, 
coming to Wolfeborough, Conway, and through the White Mountain Notch, 
hoisting his cattle over the rocks at the head by ropes and tackle he had 
brought with him. The next year Nash and Sawyer's Location was granted 
for building a road through that tract. In a letter written by Colonel Whipple 
to the chairman of the Committee of Safety, October 13, 1776, he says : — 

Roads. 55 

The Committee <>f Safety for this state having by an advertisement bearing date the 
25th of July past verj 3eriouslj and urgently recommended to the inhabitants & proprietors 
of the several Towns and Tracts <>r Land therein to repair their Roads and Bridges so 
that Warlike & other Stores mighl be transported for the defence & use of the inhabitants ol 
the Frontier Towns, particularly the Road leading from Wolfeborough through Conwaj to 
the Upper Cohos, <& the said recommendation having been totally disregarded, excepting 
only by the Mason ian Proprs who have repair'd their Road from Wolfeborough inwards 
Conway.) • • • From the Upper Cohos down to Conway the Bridges are lifted out of place bj 
a Remarkable Freshei which happened a year pasl . which renders passing almost impracl icable 
for horses & totally SO lor a Carriage Of any kind, & also many Trees (Windfalls) lying 
across the roads. 

June IT. L786,the Assemblj enacted that a "posl set off every other Monday 
from Portsmouth, and from thence proceed through Newmarket, Durham, 
Dover, Rochester, Wakefield, Ossipee Gore, andTamworth to Moultonborough ; 
theme through .Meredith. Gilmanton, Barnstead, Barrington, and Dover to 
Portsmouth." The fourth state post route, established December 6, 1791, came 
from Portsmouth once a fortnight to Dover, Rochester, Wakefield, Ossipee, 
Tamworth, Sandwich Center, Holderness, Plymouth, Meredith, etc., as before. 
The only postoffice in the county (Strafford), until after 1800, was at Dover, and 
the Sun, Dover Gazette and Strafford Advertiser frequently contained advertise- 
ments of Letters for residents of Tamworth, Sandwich, Wakefield, and other of 
our towns. The post-rider received <£12 a year for service on the above route, 
which he accomplished on horseback, occupying a week in its transit. Samuel 
Bragg, afterward publisher of the above-mentioned paper, was post-rider for a 
long time on this route, beginning about 1795. Postage on letters was 4d 
under forty miles, and 6d for every forty miles. 

In 1792 the state laid out a road four rods wide from Conway to Shelburne. 
President D wight, of Vale College, came to Conway from Jefferson in 1797 
through the Notch, and makes no complaint of had roads, except that the first 
two miles of the Notch is so steep as to make horseback riding seriously incon- 
venient, and says from Bartlett to Conway they "passed through a good road." 

Hon. John Wentworth, royal governor, early planned to make manorial 
possessions in Wolfeborough, and in a letter dated April 5, 1758, now on file in 
Halifax, he says: " A road may he easily made from Quebec to Winnipiseogee 
which would immediately communicate with all the populous and most fertile 
parts of New England at one third of the distance, trouble, time, and expense 
of any other route.'" In 1768 lie began a large plantation in Wolfeborough, on 
which he expended large sums, and erected an elegant country house. As 
much of the materials was brought from Portsmouth, and the ladies of the 
-royal household" could not be expected to travel otherwise than by 
carriages, a suitable road of forty-five miles was made and completed by 177". ' 
In a letter written from this place by Lady Frances Wentworth, wife of the 
governor, October 4, 1770, are several allusions to the road as follows 

2 Thc usual way was to ride on horseback, the lady seated ou a pillion behind the man. 

66 History of Carroll County. 

believe we shall soon get to town [Portsmouth]. You may easily think I 
dread the journey, from the roughness of the carriage, as the roads are so 
bad, and I as great a coward as ever existed. . . . The governor would 
attempt, and effect if possible, to ride over the tops of the trees on Moose 
Mountain, while poor I even tremble at passing through a road cut at the 
foot of it. . . . The roads are so precarious in the winter months, that it is 
impossible. ... I hope the roads will be better next year." 

lion. Peter Livius, afterward Chief Justice of Canada, had set up a 
country establishment in Tuftonborough, nine miles from the governor's house 
in Wolfeborough as early as 1765. There might or might not have been a road 
to his place ; transportation was easier on the lake. 

Through the influence of Governor Wentworth the Assembly passed a bill 
continuing the road from the governor's house to Plymouth. This was laid out 
in 1771, the committee for that purpose making return under date of 
September 20, 1771. They say : — 

Which road is marked for three rods wide, beginning at the Governor's House in Wolfe- 
borough aforesaid, running from thence north. 27° east, 1 mile :ind ^ to Mr. Rindges, — from 
thence west, 45° north, i mile on Wolfeborough road, — from thence west, 4° north, 7 miles to 
Miles road, so called, — from thence west, 45° north, | mile to Squire Livius', — from thence 
north, 40° west, 5 miles on Miles road to Melvin river, — from thence north, 32° west, 3 miles 
& i on said rode to Colonel Moulton's, — from thence north, 3f west, 1 mile to Ebenezar Blak 8 , 
— from thence west, 20° south, G miles & £ to Senters, — from thence west, 40° north, 8 miles 
& h to Shepherds, — from thence north, 20° west, 1 mile & h to Squire Liver inore's. — 
from thence north, 25° west, 2 miles & 3 to Pemagawasset river at the entrance of Mill 
Brook. The whole of which being computed to be 3G mile & |. 

This road was continued to Dartmouth College in Hanover, and we are 
informed that "the same year that the highway was laid out, the governor and 
his lady passed over the route in their coach. The style of this equipage 
attracted much attention, and the coach was a source of much wonder, as it 
was the first four-wheeled carriage ever seen in that section of the state." 
This carriage was a " coach-and-six," with mounted guards in livery (their 
usual method of journeying), and the trip was to attend the first commence- 
ment of Dartmouth College, as the same authority quoted above informs us. 
The towns provided themselves with local roads soon after their settlement, 
but the streams were troublesome. The fierce mountain torrents swelled them 
enormously in volume, sometimes causing them to rise twenty and twenty-five 
feet in a single night. The bridges would be swept away like so many straws. 
Gradually, however, these were made capable of resistance, and more scientific 
in their construction. An act was passed by the legislature of 1786 "for 
altering, repairing, and making fit for the passing of carts and waggons the 
road from Conway to the Upper Cooss." The road to Thornton through Sand- 
wich Notch, called the old county road, was opened in 1796. Later, in 1804, 

Roads. 67 

i lie •■ ( rreal Ossipee Turnpike " was chartered to run from Thornton through 
Sandwich, Tamworth, Effingham, and Ossipee to the state line. 

The most important Legislation concerning early roads was the incorporation 
of the Tenth New Hampshire Turnpike from the wesl line of Bartlett through 

the White Mountain Notch. This was done December "JS, l,si>:;. Xhe distance 
was twenty miles, and the expense of building it $40,000. Until the advent of 
railroads, this was the great outlet of the Upper Coos country, and the thor- 
oughfare over which its merchandise came from Portland and Portsmouth. 
Daily, in winter, lines of teams, from half a mile to a mile in length, with 
tough Canadian horses harnessed to "pungs" or red sleighs, would pass down 
on their way to market with pot or pearl ash, butter, cheese, pork, lard, peltry, 
etc., and return with well-assorted loads of merchandise (New England rum 
tilling a liberal space), while the drivers tilled the rude taverns of the Craw- 
fords, Rosebrooks, and others with a wild hilarity. The Sandwich Notch road 
was also an out lei of the Pemigew : asset and Coos countries, and much travel 
came through it toward and from the eoast towns. 

l\\ L820 tin' mads were generally in good condition, the plow and scraper 
dning admirable service, and considered as valuable adjuncts as the road 
machines are in 1889. Plank roads were established in some places, and did 
good duty, but their day did not last. Stage wagons began to appear. 

Among the early proprietors of the four-horse coaches from Lowell to 
Conway were .John L. and James Hanson, and, later, John Brewster and 
others. In 1856 Elisha P.Allen purchased the route from Dover to Conway 
from Cyrus K. Drake, of Effingham, and in 1808 sold it to L. D. Sinclair, who 
conducted it until the opening of the Portsmouth, Great Falls, and Conway 
railroad. In 1860 Mr Allen established a line from Wolfeborough to North 
Conway, the first line from the south to go beyond Conway. Charles Gilman, 
later, became proprietor. In early days a stage line ran from Concord to 
Conway, where various lines made a common stopping-place. In time the 
southern terminus of this route was changed, as the railroad from Concord was 
completed northward. It reached Meredith about 184o, ami has continued 
there in winter, arid in summer at Centre Harbor, ever since. The eastern 
terminus was changed to West Ossipee on the opening of the Portsmouth, 
Great Falls, and Conway railroad. 

Canals. — In 17i»7, when the .~>.000-acre farm of Governor John Wentworth 
in Wolfeborough was advertised to be sold at auction, it was said to be 
'•bounded by Smith's Pond — said pond discharges itself in the great Wini- 

pisdiv Lake : from thence there will be a canal c munication with Boston in a 

few years." This expectation was never to be realized, but this record is of 
value as showing how early canals were thoughl of and deemed of value. A 
charter was obtained in 1811 to cut a canal and lock all the falls between 
Winnipiseogee lake and the Cocheco branch of the Pascataqua in Dover 

68 History of Carroll County. 

(twenty-seven miles). The fall of 452 feet required 53 locks, and the expense 
was estimated at $300,000. The charter was renewed later (about 1820), 1 and 
the possibilities of the Winnipiseogee gravely discussed in this manner: — 

The opening <>f this canal will extend to more than 1,400 miles, bordering on the lake and 
rivers, the full benefits of a boat navigation to Portsmouth. The communication might 
extend beyond the lake nearly to the Pemigewasset river. Great advantages would result. 
The immense quantities of fine timber on the borders of the lake and its numerous islands 
would then offer facilities in the building of vessels of war unequalled in the United States. 
In connection with the safe and commodious harbor at Portsmouth, the opening of this canal 
would seem to be an object meriting the attention of the National Government. 

Before definite action was taken on this, railroads and their possibilities 
began to be discussed, and in time revolutionized all preconceived ideas of 

Railroads on Carroll Territory, — The following charters have been 

1847, July 2! Conway and Meredith Railroad Company. From west 
village in Conway to some convenient point on Boston, Concord, and 
Montreal railroad in Meredith. 

1868, July 3. New Hampshire Central railroad. From line of Maine in 
valley of Great Ossipee river, in Freedom or Effingham, to the Northern 
railroad in Danbury. 

1871, July 15. Wolfeborough and Alton railroad. From some point in 
Alton to connect with Portsmouth, Great Falls, and Conway railroad, in 
Ossipee or Wakefield. 

1872, July 4. Iron Mountain railroad. From Bartlett, through Bartlett 
and Conway to any convenient point to connect with other railroads. 

1874, July 9. Swift River railroad. From some point in Conway to 
connect with Portsmouth, Great Falls, and Conway railroad, to height of land 
in Waterville, Allen's or Elkins's grants. 

1870, July 2. Sawyer River railroad. From some point in Hart's 
Location, westerly, up valley of Sawyer river, to some point at height of 
land dividing waters which flow into Sawyer river from those which flow into 
Pemigewasset river. 

The Portsmouth, Great Falls, and Contra// railroad, chartered June 30, 
1865, is the successor of the Great Falls and Conway railroad, chartered June 
10, 1844. It runs from Conway Junction, at North Berwick, Maine, to North 
Conway, seventy-two and one-fifth miles; three miles of the south end being 
in Maine. It was completed to North Conway June 24, 1875. In 1871 it was 
leased to the Eastern railroad, and, with that, passed into the control of the 
Boston and Maine railroad, which now operates it. 

Wolfeborough railroad, from Wolfeborough Junction, Wakefield, to 

1 Little Pigwackel canal was incorporated June '24, 1819. 


Wolfeborough, twelve miles, was incorporated July I. L868, and completed 
August L9, L872. It was leased January 6, L872, to the Eastern for sixty-eight 
\ ears, and is now a part of the Boston and Maine m stem. 

Portland and Ogdensburgh railroad. A charter was granted July •;, I 
(succeeding others granted earlier and Lapsed), for a railroad from the west 
line of Maine through Conway, Bartlett, White Mountain Notch, Carroll, 
Bethlehem, and Littleton, with the proviso if a route from Littleton to Si 
Johnsbury, N't, was found impracticable, the company could build the road 
from Carroll to Whitefield, Dalton, and Vermont line. This road runs about 
thirty-five miles in Carroll, through the picturesque Saco valley and the wildly 
romantic scenery of the White Mountain Notch. It was completed to Fabyan's 
August 7, 1N~.~>. 

Navigation. — During the early history < 1' this vicinity, great difficulty was 
experienced by the settlers in transporting goods and household necessities 
from the distant markets of Dover and Portsmouth. The roads consisted only 
of "bridle-paths," which were only wide enough for a single horse, and all the 
articles had to be carried upon horseback, or oftener on the backs of the 
settlers themselves. At last the} T got tired of these means of transportation, 
and constructed a road from Dover to Alton bay about the commencement of 
the present century. From Alton bay the supplies were distributed by means 
of boats, and almost simultaneously with the construction of this road the old 
" Gundalow " boat was built by Joseph Smith, of Dover, to carry the goods and 
passengers across the lake to their point of destination. This was a huge, flat- 
bottomed, unwieldy craft, propelled by sail if the wind was favorable, and 
when it was not. by large oars. It ran no regular trips, but visited the Weirs, 
Meredith village, Centre Harbor, and several other points when necessary. 
After running a number of years, it was shipwrecked on "Great Boat 
Ledge " in a heavy gale. 

In 1830 a stock company was formed for the purpose of building a steam- 
boat, and work was soon after commenced upon it at Lake village, and it was 
completed in 1833 and named the "Belknap." Great difficulty was expe- 
rienced in getting up through the channel at the Weirs, on account of the low- 
water. Like the old "Gundalow," it ran no regular trips, visiting all points on 
the lake when necessary. It was about one hundred feet in length, and llat- 
bottomed. The engine was in no way in proportion to the size of the boat, in 
headwinds hardly able to hold its own. and making a noise that could be heard 
for miles. The time' employed in making the trip between Alton ba\ ami 
Centre Harbor, when t lie wind was favorable, was nearly six hours. Now the 
time made between these two points is two hours, regardless of wind or 
weather. Captain W. A. Sanborn, of the Weirs, was her captain, and Perkins 
Drake, of Lake village, her pilot. In November. IS II, it was wrecked on what 
is now Steamboat island. Several unsuccessful attempts to get her off the bar 

70 History of Carroll County. 

were made, the last being on the Fourth of July of the next year, when the 
efforts of forty men tailed to move her, and she was left to her fate, and, after 
removing her engine, boiler, and ironwork generally, she finally went to pieces. 
'Thus ended in disaster and evil forebodings the career of the pioneer steamboat 
mi the lake. The "ribs" and other portions of the hull are still to be seen, 
and afford the curiosity seeker an interesting object for investigation. 

A few years afterwards a charter for the " Winnipiseogee Steamboat 
Company" was obtained, which resulted in the construction of the " Lady of 
the Lake" in 1849. This boat was designed to run between Weirs, Centre 
Harbor, and other places about the lake. Her first captain was William 
Walker, of Lake village. Not long after, she fell into the hands of the 
Boston, Concord, and Montreal railroad, in whose interest she still remains. 
During her career she has undergone some changes, was burned in 1867, 
immediately rebuilt. In 1882 nearly a new hull was added, and extensive 
improvements made both above and below the lower deck. At present she 
is regarded as being as stanch and fleet as at any time since the original 
eonstruction. Since the days of Captain Walker she has been commanded 
by Eleazer Bickford, of Meredith, Stephen Cole, of Lake village, Winborn 
Sanborn, and J. S. Wadleigh, of Laconia, the latter being her present captain. 
Her route during the season lies between Weirs, Centre Harbor, and Wolfe- 
borough, several trips being made daily in connection with the time-table of 
the Boston and Lowell railroad at Weirs. 

Next on the list came the " Long Island," built by Perley R. and George 
K. Brown, of Long Island, with a carrying capacity of about one hundred 
passengers. This boat was designed for general commerce about the lake. 

About this time Langdon Thyng constructed the "Jenny Lind" (at first 
a horse-boat) at Lake village, whose carrying capacity was about the same as 
that of the " Long Island." 

This brings us down to the building of the " Red Hill " by the " Red Hill 
Steamboat Company," at Lee's Mills, in Moultonborough, with Allen Bumpus 
as her captain. This boat was of uncouth architecture, and built for the trade 
between the "Mills" and Alton bay. The hull of this boat was modeled 
something like that of a scow. She was very laborious in her movements. 
The " Red Hill '" was finally sent "up in a balloon" by the bursting of her 
I Miiler. Remnants of her hull can still be seen on the shore at Alton bay, 
just below the bridge that crosses the Merry Meeting river. Charles 
Brown, of Lake village, next came out with the " Naugatuck " (afterward 
sold to Sweet & Morrison, of Wolfeborough), which is still in existence, 
though a little the worse for wear. About this time Abram Guptil, of 
Wolfeborough, built the "Dolly Dutton." Both the last-named boats had a 
carrying capacity of about one hundred passengers. We have next to speak 
of the "Seneca," of about the same size, which finally went ashore on the 

IJo.VKS. 71 

"Goose Egg," a dangerous rock on the Moultonborough coast. Uriah Hall 
was her captain, residing al Melvin village. Hall subsequently constructed 
the " Ossipee," another specimen of the laboring craft. Ansel Lamprey built 
tlic "Gazelle," al Tuftonborough, a Little later on, which subsequently came 
into ilif possession of Dearborn Haley. 

In those days came the introduction of the steam yachts, such as the 
"Pinafore," "Nellie," "Bristol," etc., the " Nellie " being the first propeller 
ever introduced to the lake. The "Nellie" was originally a steam launch used 
at Portsmouth, from whence she was taken to the lake by George Duncan. 
Soon after she became the property of Dearborn Haley, at Wolfeborough. 
Later on she was owned by a Mr Waldron, at Farmington, bul still remained 
in the lake, being used by the summer boarders at the Wmnipiseogee House al 
Alton bay. under the management of A. < >. Philips & Co. A Eew years 
previous to this epoch came the "Union," Captain John Tabor, of Wolfe- 
borough, a craft with eminent renown, and always a constant attendant at the 
Alton bay camp-meetings in their early stages. The "Mayflower," built at 
Wolfeborough, with several owners, put in an appearance about this time as a 
freight-boat more particularly, did good service, and was quite a favorite with 
small excursion parties. 

At the time of the completion of the Cocheco railroad between Dover and 
Alton bay. it became advisable to open communication with the various towns 
which lined the shores of different parts of the lake, and for that purpose a 
steamer was constructed at Alton bay, called the "Dover." This was about 
the year 1.S52. Captain Winborn Sanborn, of Gilford, was her first captain. 
Augustus Wiggin, of Tuftonborough, at that time acted as captain's clerk, 
and some time afterward the "clerk" became the captain. Owing to some 
oversight in the location of the Dover's engine and boiler, she settled at the 
how. and large quantities of stone were placed in the stern to counteract that 
influence and make her assume a natural position in the water. Later on it 
became necessary to increase her size, and an extension of about twenty feet 
was made in the centre. Thorough repairs were made otherwise, and her name 
changed to the "Chocorua," Captain Wiggin still master. The pilot-house is 
now used as a wellcurb in the yard of Joseph L. Avery in Wolfeborough. The 
''Chocorua " did good service lor several years, but it became necessary to have 
a new boat, and the "Mount Washington" was constructed about ]*~'2. Cap- 
tain Wiggin assumed command, and with a popular notion of -what to do and 
how to do it," has succeeded in making his route one much sought alter by 
tourists and pleasure-seekers. The " Mount," as she is familiarly termed, is a 
model of neatness and workmanship, and said to be the fastest boat on the 
lake. Following the advent of the "Mount Washington," the "Chocorua" 
lay in the dock at Alton bay that season, and underwent the process oi 
decomposition to a certain extent. The apartments composing her upper 

72 History of Carroll County. 

decks were sold to various parties thereabouts (principally those connected 
with the camp-meeting association ) and utilized for lodging-rooms, being located 
mostly about the vacant space near the passenger depot. The pilot-house was 
secured by "Aunt Mary " Ryan, of the "Alton Bay Cottage," who set it up 
mi the lawn for a sort of a summer-house, or "lovers' retreat." 

The first horse-power craft ever on the lake was built and owned by Captain 
David Parsons in 1838, at Long Island. About the year 1875 Dearborn 
Haley, of Wolfeborough, built the |' Maid of the Isles,"' a propeller, with an 
engine of one hundred and twenty horse-power, and capable of carrying five 
hundred passengers. The "Maid" was of a very fine model, with upper and 
lower (leeks, and calculated to be very fast. 'T is said that her owner intended 
that she should be a sort of "mediator" between the "Lady" and "Mount." 
She was used only a part of two seasons, and subsequently lay "moored" in 
the " offing " near Wolfeborough, until she sank. She was afterwards raised and 
towed to a position on the back side of Long Island. She is said to have cost 
about twenty thousand dollars. The failure of this craft was due to her 
immense draught of water, about seven and a half feet. Her captain was 
Anson Lamprey, of .Long Island. Since that time has come " Mineola," a fine 
little steam yacht; the "Maud S." of South Wolfeborough; the " Gracie " of 
Meredith village; the "Undine" and " Laconia " of Lake village, and several 
other crafts of this class among the batch of steam yachts. 

The "James Bell " was built and owned by Messrs Wentworth & Sweet, of 
Centre Harbor, in 1859, who sold her to the Boston, Concord, and Montreal 
railroad, since which she has been used as an excursion boat, with head- 
quarters at Lake Village. Stephen Wentworth was her first captain. The 
" Bell "' was thoroughly repaired during the summer of 1882. 

The " Winnipesaukee," Captain Robert Lamprey, Jr, formerly on the line 
between Lake village and Long Island, makes her headquarters at Tufton- 
borough, and is run mostly for freighting purposes. This brings us down 
to the "Belle of the Wave," built at Long Island by Arthur H. Lamprey (a 
son of Uncle Robert). The "Belle" was a propeller, carried a forty horse- 
power engine, and was rated for one hundred and twenty-five passengers. Her 
model was perfect for attaining speed. The "Belle" was burned at Long 
Island in the fall of 1884, and the next year was replaced with a larger and 
better boat of similar build, called the "Lamprey," commanded by Captain 
George Lamprey. 

Several steam yachts have been since added to the flotilla on the lake, and 
many small sailing craft, and a new " Maid of the Isles." 

Revolutionary Period and War of L812. 73 



The Association Test — Patriotic Spirit — Colonel Poor'- Regiment — Bounty and Encour- 

agement — Names of Ueeruits Colonel Badger's Return — Colonel Badger's Reporl to C - 

tnittee of Safety Names of Officers and Soldiers — Scouting Parties— Wakefield •— Wolf e- 
borough — Effingham — Moult onborough — Tamworth — Conway — Sandwich — Tenth and 
Fourteenth Regiments — War of 1S12. 

THE full history of New Hampshire's services in the Revolution lias not yet 
been written. Other states have claimed honors that were justly hers, 
and no held is more deserving the pen of a painstaking and accurate his- 
torian, more rich in its offered wealth of material, or would bring a better 
reputation ; and it is to be hoped that soon some able writer will treat of this 
subject fully, and show the truth, that no state surpassed or even equaled the 
patriotism of this state in munificence of gifts, ability, and wealth of service, 
devotion, and sacrifice, or furnished a larger per cent. From the commence- 
ment of the Revolution the hard}' sons of the pioneer towns of Carroll stood 
as an advance guard and pickets, not only to protect their own settlements, but 
to warn and defend the lower country against attacks from the north. They 
Btood in the very highways of Indian travel, along which their war parties 
roamed in the olden times, and right courageously they did their work. Isaac 
W. Hammond, the indefatigable state historian, is now engaged in compiling 
further information concerning the soldiers and their service from the rolls and 
papers in the national archives. 

The Association Test was in reality a declaration of independence by the 
New Hampshire people, and preceded that of the national Declaration by some 
months. It was a bold movement in this manner to resist the high authority 
of King George. If the cause to which these patriotic citizens pledged them- 
selves had been defeated, they would have been subjected to a cruel death as 

This declaration, by the order of the General Congress, was sent on April 
1 _'. 1776, to the inhabitants of New Hampshire: — 

We the subscribers do hereby solemnly engage, and promise, that we will, to the utmost 
of our power, at the risque of our lives and fortunes, with arms, oppose the hostile proceed- 
ings of the British fleets and armies against the United American Colonies. 

74 History of Carroll County. 

This was signed by eight thousand one hundred and ninety-nine persons in 
the state ; seven hundred and seventy-three refused to sign. Not all who did 
not sign were Tories or unfavorable to the cause of the Americans ; some were 
Quakers and their religious principles prevented ; others were not courageous 
enough. The residents of the towns then organized in Carroll county territory, 
though few in numbers, responded nobly to the call for support to the cause of 
liberty. Those who did not sign the Associated Test in Sandwich were of 
Quaker proclivities in most instances. 

In the call for troops which hostilities brought, they gave of their best and 
their bravest, and from Bunker Hill to Saratoga and Yorktown their blood was 
shed in every important action, and earnest, long, and continued service was 
given in those humbler but exhausting marches and forays which are not sus- 
tained by the excitement of battle, and require nerve, fortitude, and patriotism 
of the purest character. In this chapter we have endeavored to gather the 
names of the gallant men who gave and periled life for the freedom we enjoy 
to-day, and to lay a humble laurel wreath upon their brows. 

May 2-1, 1775, the "Fourth Provincial Congress" of New Hampshire 
appointed Enoch Poor, of Exeter, colonel of a regiment of troops to be raised as 
the Second New Hampshire Regiment, and that day issued orders for the 
enlisting of ten companies of sixty-two men each. In Captain Benjamin Tit- 
comb's company on June 13, we find from Wolfeborough Jeremiah Gould, 
Ichabod Tibbetts, James Lucas, and Moses Tibbets. 

In August, 1775, General Washington planned an attempt to capture 
Quebec. The troops were placed under the command of Benedict Arnold, then 
colonel. The gallant heroes waded through swollen streams of ice-cold water, 
pathless forests and almost impenetrable swamps. Their clothes became so 
dilapidated as to furnish but slight protection against the rigor of a Canadian 
winter, and many were barefoot for days before they reached Quebec on the 
eighth of November. Elkanah Danforth, of Tamworth, was one of this noble 
band in Captain Henry Dearborn's compairy. 

The bounty and encouragement offered by the state of New Hampshire to 
each non-commissioned officer and private soldier was one blanket or eighteen 
shillings annually ; twenty shillings per month, to be paid semi-annually. The 
additional encouragement offered by Congress was twenty dollars bounty ; one 
hundred acres of land; a suit of clothes annually, to consist of two linen hunt- 
ing shirts, two pairs of overalls, a leathern or woolen waistcoat with sleeves, 
mil' pair of breeches, a hat or leathern cap, two shirts, two pairs of stockings, 
and two pairs of shoes, all equal to the value of twenty dollars. 

Among General John Sullivan's troops stationed at Winter Hill near Boston, 
(1775-76) the twenty-fifth company was from Wakefield, officered by Captain 
David Copp, Lieutenant Andrew Gilman, Second Lieutenant Samuel Walling- 
ford, and was composed of sixty-three men. 

Revolution.\i;\ Period \\i> Wab op L812. 75 

Captain James Osgood, of Conway, recruited a company at Charlestown 
for Colonel Timothy Bedel's regiment, and was captured ai the disastrous 
defeat at the Cedars. The enlisting was done January, February, and March, 

From Colonel Joseph Badger's return of officers in his regiment, made 
March 5, L776, we extract: "Second Company in Wolfeborough not yet 
Returned. Sixth Company in moultonborpugb Officers, Nathaniel Ambrose 
Captain, Johu Adams Firsl Lieutenant, William Plaisted Second Lieutenant, 
Joseph Richardson, Ensign. Eighth Company in Sandwich. Officers, Daniel 
Beede, jr. Captain, Joshua Prescott, First Lieutenant. Josiah Bean. Second 
Lieutenant, Jacob Weed, Ensign. Tenth Company, Wakefield, vacant. 
Eleventh Company. Leavittstown, vacant. Thirteenth Company, Tamworth, 
Officers, Stephen Mason, Captain, Jonathan Choat, First Lieutenant, John 
Fowler, Second Lieutenant. Jonathan Burgees, Ensign." 

Joseph Senter, of Moultonborough, was made lieutenant-colonel of the 
regiment raised in June, 1776, to reinforce the army in Canada, commanded 
by Colonel Isaac Wyman, of Keene, and rendezvoused June 22 at Haverhill. 
Colonel Badger reports July 15, 177<i, to the Committee of Safety "that the 
officers have returned the names of the men as sent for excepting two wanting 
from Leavittstown and two from Middletown and as there is no militia officers 
chosen there the selectmen and Committee of Safety say that their men are so 
many gone in the warr that they cant Raise any more as to Leavittstown, if 
there should be Danger of Indians I think they are Exposed as they are the 
outside and the selectmen Dont Incline to spare any out of their town, and so 
1 shall Come four short of the Number sent for which I hope you 1 please to 
abate as Leavittstown, Tamworth and Sandwich are frontier towns. 7 ' July 
23, 177<>, he reports " Eight wanting of the Number Required which are 
from Leavittstown two from Tamworth two. The Reasons are as follows 
(viz.) Leavittstown having no officers nor selectmen nor Committee of safety I 
applycd to thos Parsons Esq who said they were so Exposed being the frontier 
town that he thought it would not be safe to spare any men out of that town, 
and Did not think he could possibly Raise any. The Cap', of Tamworth 
writes to me that the state of their town, is that they have fourteen men now 
in the service and but twelve men at home fit for Duty but with Great Diffi- 
culty he had obtained one man who appealed on muster Day but on hearing 
his Complaint and the Captains Letter by advice of Dea c Knowles the muster 
master I released him." 

Joseph Leavitt, of Wakefield, Joseph Leavitt and John Fullerton, of Wolfe- 
borough, are mentioned as privates in Captain John Moody's Company, mus- 
tered and paid at Exeter, December 23, 1776. 

Twenty officers recommend " Lieut. Colonel Senter as Proper person for a 
field officer in one of the batallions to be raised in the state and humbly pray 
that he may be advanced to be a Colonel." 

76 History of Carroll County. 

Benjamin Dodge, of Wakefield, acknowledges at Dover, January 27, 1777, to 
have received "Twenty pounds as a Gratuity or Bounty from the State of New 
Hampshire for having enlisted as a soldier in Capt. Benjamin Titcomb's com- 
pany in Col. Poor's regiment." 

In Colonel Joseph Badger's return, made June 19, 1777, "of the Names 
of the Men Enlisted from the tenth Regiment of Militie in the State of 
hampshire Commanded by Joseph Badger Esq r for Compleeting the three 
Regiments alotted to this State as their proportion of the Continental Armey 
as follows (vis)," we find Pearson Huntriss, of Conway, hired by Gilmantown, 
enlisted for three years in Captain Drew's Co. ; John Garlin, Moultonborough, 
three years, Captain Livermore's Co. ; Moses Kelsey and Mark Blackey (Will- 
iam Blake?), Moultonborough, three years, Captain McClary's Co.; Joshua 
Thornton, James Mason, Ebenezer Clark, Moultonborough, three years, Captain 
Gray's Co. ; John Sanderson, Jr, Stephen Atkinson, Moultonborough, three 
years, captain unknown ; Abiel Stevens, Phineas Stevens, Obadiah Dudey, 
Jacob Eastman, William Row, all of Tarn worth, three years, Captain Liver- 
more's Co. ; William Hilton, Elisha Winslow, Sandwich, three years, Captain 
Weare's Co. : Moses Paige, Sandwich, three years, Captain Livermore's Co. ; 
Nathaniel Knowles, Sandwich, three years, Captain Stone's Co. ; Nathaniel 
Brown, Moultonborough, three years, hired by Sandwich, Captain Livermore's 
Co. ; James Flagg, Moultonborough, three years, hired by Sandwich, Captain 
Gray's Co. (died September 24, 1777, from wounds received at Saratoga, Sep- 
tember 19); Thomas Sprous, Wolfeborough, three years, Captain Beal's Co.; 
Enoch Thomas, John Piper, Wolfeborough, three years, Captain Gray's Co. ; 
Joshua Edgerley, George Fall, Wakefield, three years, Captain Clark's Co.; Ben- 
jamin Dodge, Wakefield, three years, Captain Heard's Co. ; Thomas Rawlings, 
Bradstreet Taylor, Wakefield, three years, Captain Robinson's Co. ; John Gil- 
man, Jonathan Quimbey, Paul Sanborn, William Willey, Wakefield, three years, 
not assigned; Levi Lamper, Samuel Dearborn, Leavittstown, three years, Cap- 
tain Weare's Co. " Sandwich have Rais'd 6 wants 0. Moultonborough have 
Rais'd 8 wants 0. Tarn worth have raised 5 want 0. Wakefield have Returned 
9 wants 0. Leavitts Town have Returned 2 wants 0. Wolfeborough have 
Returned 3 wants 4." 

Among the men enlisted from Colonel Bartlett's regiment of militia of 1777 
for the Seventh Regiment of Militia in the Continental Army New Hampshire 
Battalion was Alexander Magoon, Moultonborough, three years. 

Nathan Hoit, Moultonborough, was ensign in Captain Livermore's company, 
Colonel Scammell's regiment, raised in 1776. 

On a muster roll of Captain James Gray's company, Colonel Scammell's 
regiment (Adna Penniman, second lieutenant), the names of these Carroll 
county men appear. " Mustered from April 1st to July 2d. They each 
received <£20 state bounty. Moultonborough, James Mason, Ebenezer Clark, 

Rbvoltjtionari Period am. Wab of L812. 77 

Joshua Thornton, Fifer. Wolfeborough, Enoch Thomas, John Piper, David 
riper. Sandwich, .lames Elagg." 

Bradbury Richardson, of Moultonborough, was second major in Colonel 
Stickney's regiment, Stark's brigade, July, 1777. Among the other officers 
were Lieutenant John Adams, Moultonborough ; Lieutenant Josiah Bean, 
Sandwich; Carr Leavitt, ensign, Effingham. 

Lieutenant-colonel Joseph Senter, of Moultonborough, was in command of 
a regimen! raised for the relief of Rhode Island, and was in service there from 
June 25, 1777, until January 8, 1778. 

Captain Nathaniel Ambrose's company, in Colonel Welch's regiment of 
volunteers, marched from Moultonborough and towns adjacent, .September 30, 
1777, and joined the Continental Army under General Gates at Saratoga; and 
after the surrender of General Burgoyne, marched with the guard as far as 
Northampton, in the state of Massachusetts Bay, whore they were discharged. 
The names of the men, who were not all from the towns now comprising 
Carroll county, we give here: Nathaniel Ambrose, captain; John Kimbal, 
lieutenant: Ebenezer Blake, William Pike, sergeants; .John Larey, Adam 
Brown, corporals; Philip Connor, John Mead, James McCrellis, David Watson. 
Pearson Smith, Moses Senter, Richard Boynton, William Gilman, Benjamin 
Sanborn, Jonathan Edgerly, Moody Bean, Ebenezer Meloon, John Glines, 
Moses Chandler, Elias Smith, Jonathan Paige, Richard Sinkler, Josiah 
Sanborn, Jonathan Morrison. Joseph Badger, Jr, Noah Dow, Benjamin Dow-, 
John Moody. Thomas Taylor, Jacob Smith, privates. 

In a return of New Hampshire men in Colonel Jackson's Massachusetts 
regiment, enlisted in 1777 and 1778, are the names of John Twiman, 
Geremiah Whiton, and William Straw, of Conway; three years' men. 

Colonel Badger mustered into service in 1779, Daniel Bridges, July 15, for 
the war. Wolfeborough ; Joseph Ames, July 14, one year, Tamworth : Jonathan 
Morgin, July 14, one year, Wakefield ; Nathan Lee, July 14, one year. Moul- 
tonborough : Edward Wells, William Ferguson, July 14, one year, Sandwich. 
He also mustered, for Colonel Hercules Mooney's regiment in Rhode Island, 
Rufus Adams, Moultonborough ; Reuben Libbey, Wolfeborough: Josiah 
Parsons. Sandwich, and James Clark, of Wakefield. 

In Captain Benjamin Whitcomb's Rangers, in 1779, Joseph Chandler. John 
Bo\\. Moultonborough; Nathaniel Knowles, Sandwich. 

James Mason was colonel of the Third New Hampshire regiment in 1779. 
He was from Moultonborough. 

After the capture of Colonel Joseph Whipple at Jefferson, in August, 17*1. 
the town of Conway raised scouting parties, consisting of Captain James 
Osgood and three men, Lieutenant Ezekiel Walker and nine men. and Elijah 
Dinsmore and two men. These were on duty from ten to twenty-eight days 
from August 16, 1781, at Conway and adjacent towns. At the same time 

78 History of Carroll County. 


the Committee of Safety took immediate measures for the defence of the 
inhabitants of that section, placing a force there under the direction of Colonel 
Joseph Whipple and Colonel David Page, for the protection of the northern 
frontiers, consisting of forty-nine officers and men. 

In the muster roll of the men raised to recruit the three New Hampshire 
regiments in the Continental Army till the last day of December, 1780, 
mustered at. Kingston by Josiah Bartlett, were : Leonard Weeks, Wakefield ; 
Samuel Neal, Daniel Cary, Robert Glines, Moultonborough; Sargent Kimball, 
Jonathan Hilyard, Simeon Smith, Sandwich; James Fullerton, James Wiggin, 
Wolfeborough. Jesse Whitten, Wolfeborough, was in service as a privateers- 

They were in service from August 29, 1781, to November 6, 1781, and 
commanded by Captain James Smith and Lieutenants Josiah Sanborn and 
Peter Gilman. Sergeant James Blake's party of eleven men "for the defense 
of the Upper Coos " was in service seven months and eighteen days from April 
13, 1782. Sergeant Philip Page and five men were drafted for duty at 
"Androscoggin River" in 1782, and were in service from August 19 to 
November 25, 1782. 

March 31, 1781, the General Assembly voted that David Page, Esq., of 
Conway, be appointed lieutenant-colonel of the Nineteenth regiment, and Mr. 
Jonathan Palmer, of Wakefield, first major of said regiment. 

Among the soldiers left at Sorell, Canada, from Colonel Bedel's regiment, 
Captain Green's company, in May, 1770, on the retreat from Quebec, were 
Ebenezer Hall, Stephen Webster, Samuel Chace, William Vittuin, of Tam- 
worth, and Joseph Chandler, of Moultonborough. 

Wakefield. — Among the recruits for the three New Hampshire regiments 
mustered at Kingston in 1780 by General Josiah Bartlett were : July 4, Leonard 
Weeks, of Wakefield, who enlisted for Greenland; July 10, Samuel Johnson, 
of Middleton, who enlisted for Wakefield ; Amos Hodgsdon and Ebenezer 
Hill; July 27, Jacob Welch, of Wakefield, enlisted for Rochester. 

Jonathan Hasseltine is returned, February, 1781, as a private in Captain 
Benjamin Ellis's company, Colonel Scammell's regiment. 

Benjamin Dodge is given as a soldier enlisted for the war in a return of 
Captain Fogg's company of the Second New Hampshire regiment, made 
February 14, 1781. 

The following names appear on the muster roll of men mustered by Samuel 
Folsom in 1781, to fill up the army: Andro Quinbey, 30 years old, 5 ft. 8 in. 
tall, light complexion, mustered March 21 for three years; John Watson, 20, 
i') It, light complexion; Nathan Watson, 18, 5 ft 8 in., dark (engaged for 
Kensington), and John Marlin, 31, 5 ft 7 in., dark, were mustered in April 17. 

Among the West Point men of 1781 appear Paul Sanborn and John Hill, 
mustered in from Wakefield, August 20. John Pike Hilton, Henry Pike, 

Revolutionary Period and Wak of 1812. 79 

Dearburn Lovering, and Joseph Lovering, of Wakefield, were privates in 
Captain Jacob Smith's Rangers in 1781. Each served one month thirteen 

days, and was paid X'-\ bounty. 

Wakefield advanced, in 1770, to James (dark, a six months' soldier for 
defence of Rhode Island, £(50 state bounty, £44 10s. Inanity and travel 
money, by authority of Avery Hall and Samuel Hall, selectmen ; also the same 
in Jonathan Towle. 

Avery Hall and John Wingate, selectmen, return as Wakefield soldiers 
then in service: Thomas Rawlings, George Fall, Benjamin Dodge, Jonathan 
Morgan, and William Went worth, for the war: Andrew Qnimby (died in 
service, 1782), John Watson, John Marlin, for three years. Simeon Dearborn, 
in behalf of the town, explains : "N. B. Thomas Rawlings was an Inhabitant 
of Wakefield A: was ingaged in the war by and for said Town — George Fall 
was a hired man by Sand. II all of Wakefield & in his service for a year before 
his inlistnieni & was considered as an Inhabitant of Wakefield A: Taxed 
accordingly William Went worth was an Indented Servant with Mr. Avery 
Hall of Wakefield several years before his Inlistment to my Sertain knowledge 
as I now have bis Indenture in keeping. Jonathan Morgan was an inhabitant 
of Effingham or Parsonstown at the time of Enlistment & had been for one or 
two years preceding that time & had at that time A: now has a family there 
which has drawn supplys from Wakefield ever since his Inlistment — for the 
Reasons foregoing I think all the above mentioned persons ought to be 
Reckoned to Wakefield & no other Town." 

January 22, 1785, Avery Hall, selectman, receipts for <£20 17s. Id. for 
provisions supplied to Continental soldiers in the year 1778-79. 

Captain Jeremiah Gilman and fifteen men were in the Bennington 
expedition in 1777. 

Peter Barter, Captain Bell's company, Colonel Hale's regiment, was taken 
prisoner on the retreat from Ticonderoga, and was wounded in the thigh at 
Monmouth. Timothy Ricker and Jonathan Quimby were in the Second New 
Hampshire regiment: Joseph Green in the Third New Hampshire regiment: 
Dearborn Lovering and Joseph Dearborn in Captain Smith's company ; Joseph 
Edgerly in Nathan Hale's Second battalion; Joshua Edgerly was in Captain 
Carr's company. 

Wblfeborough. Inly 8, 1780, James Fullerton, 24, and James Wiggins. 10, 

wen- mustered into service at Kingston. The latter enlisted June 29 and 
served five months twenty-six days. Fullerton enlisted June 2 ( .». served six 
months eighteen days. 

Daniel Bridges served in Captain Gilman's companj "during the War." lb 
was paid £60 Continental bounty, ,£!>0 state bounty. 

John Piper was corporal in Captain Jacob Smith's Rangers in tall of 1781. 
In 1775 seventeen shillings and sixpence was abated from the taxes ot 
Wolfeborough, "being for the poll-tax of soldiers." 

80 History of Carroll County. 

July 7, 1779, Henry Rust, Ebenezer Meder, Matthew S. Parker, selectmen, 
give an order on Constable John Sinclair for =£46 16s. in favor of Ensign 
Reuben Libbey, this being- in full for his bounty as a six months' man in service 
at Providence, R. I. 

1779. Ephraim Ham was in Colonel Evans' regiment in May of this year. 

The selectmen of 1 770 certify, July 9, that Sachariah Bunker, Moses 
Tibbetts, [chabod Tibbetts, William Twombly, Samuel Mellows, Garret 
Byron, and Archibald Gamble had gone out of Wolfeborough into the army. 

Effingham. — Jacob Scagell is returned as a private from Leavittstown in 
his company, February 13, 1781, by Captain Isaac Frye, First New Hampshire 
regiment, Eliphalet Webb was mustered, August 8, 1781, among the " West 
Point men " from Effingham, and served six months. 

Benjamin Lamprey enlisted August 4, 1782, filling the town's quota of one 
man, and received an order for the " Twenty pounds or Sum Granted by the 
General Court as a Bounty for Incorragment to Towns for Hiring Soldiers for 
Three years' service or During the war." January 3, 1786, signed by Weare 
Drake, Jeremiah Marston, and William Taylor, selectmen of Effingham. Asel 
Derburn received =£3 bounty and enlisted August 8, 1781, in Captain Jacob 
Smith's company, from " Levetstown." Samuel Smith, husbandman, of 
Leavittstown, was mustered and reviewed June 17, 1775, by Enoch Poor. 
Jacob Brown, selectman, returns under date of May 8, 1782, Samuel Lear, as 
" the men claimed by Ossipee Gore which were engaged for the War and 3 
years." Eliphalet Sias enlisted as a private in Captain Jacob Smith's company 
of rangers, August 28, received .£3 bounty, served one month nineteen days. 
Pay, £2 a month. 

Tamworth. — Among the West Point men of 1781, John Watson, of 
Loudon, enlisted July 25, for Tamworth. Joseph Eaton Kennestone enlisted 
in Captain Jacob Smith's company of rangers, served one month fourteen 
days. Ebenezer Keniston was one of the recruits of 1782. Richard Jackman 
served six months. Samuel Yeaton was also one of the recruits of 1782. 

Joseph Ames enlisted July 6, 1779, for one year, and received =£60 bounty. 

( iharles Hackett enlisted during the war, April 2, 1781, but is reported as "a 
previous deserter," and probably again deserted, as the record continues, "and 
is a deserter." 

Up to 17*3 Tamworth had advanced state bounties to soldiers to the 
amount of forty-eight pounds, seventeen shillings, and seven pence. 

June 12, 17S4. Nicholas Kinestone, of Tamworth, gives an order on the 
state treasurer to pay William Eastman wages due him for six months' service 
as a private soldier in Colonel Read's regiment, Captain Dustin's company. • 

At Tamworth, June 23, 1784, David Kinerson certifies " having been a 
six-months'-man for the Town of Newmarket, in the year 1780." 

Moultonborough. - Joseph Chandler was a private in Major Benjamin 
Whitcomb's Rangers, enlisting November 8, 1776. 

Revolutionary Period and Wab of 1812. 81 

Samuel Neal (Captain Gilman's company), Daniel Carj ("never joined"), 
Robert Glines, were mustered for Moultonborough, July 6, 1780, as recruits, 
enlisting June 27. 

John lu>\\ enlisted November 10, 1776, mustered January 1, 1777. 

Stephen Atkinson, enlisted June 1, 1777, is given ;ts a private on the return 
of Captain Frye's company, First New Hampshire regiment, made February 13, 

James Mason enlisted January 25, 1781, in Captain David McGregore's 

Among Folsom's recruits in 1781, we find William Kimbal, aged L9, 5 It 
6 in. high, dark complexion, enlisted May 24, and mustered June 13, "for the 
War,*' and William Thompson, 22, 5 ft 5 in. high, dark complexion, enlisted 
May 24, mustered June 19, "for the War." 

Hugh Kelsy and Moses Kesa received <£3 for enlisting in Captain Jacob 
Smith's company, August and September in 1781. 

Nathan Lee, Jr, enlisted August 9, 1779, filling the town quota, and 
received .£60 bounty. 

An abatement of the town tax was made in 1775 of 10 shillings and five 
peine for poll-taxes of soldiers. Ephraim Drake, Andrew Cummings, Joseph 
Chandler, John Glines. 

William Page and Stephen Webster enlisted April 5, 1778, served three 
years, and were discharged. 

Samuel Smith is certified to as a three years' soldier, June 11, 1781, by 
Nathaniel Morse and Joseph Ayers, selectmen. 

We the subscribers hereby acknowledge ourselves inlisted private soldiers to Serve in 
one of the three Continental Battallions of the State of Newhampshire, to Serve until the 
Last Day of December Next, and promies to be Subject to the Rules and Regulations of the 
Continental army Daring Said term as witness our hands June the 28th 1780. 

tesi Eben r Smith Daniel Cary. 

Robert Glines. 

Samuel Neale. 
(or the town of moultonborough. 

Contra//. — Enumerated Liste of all the Men In Conway that is able to Bear 
aims From Sixteen, and upwards, June 10, 1775. 

Cap David Page Thomas Russell Jedediah Spring 

Lieu 1 James Osgood Amos .Merall w Seath Spring 

Ens" Joshua Heath Enoch Merall Thomas Spring 

Benjamin Osgood Joab Abbott Jeramiah page 

Thomas Merell Ju r Leonard Haraman John Willson 

John Webster William Whett w Samuel Willson 

William Knox Antony Emery w Isaac Saltmascb 

w Ezackel Walker Joseph Thompson Jeremiah Harrington 

W Amos Thomson Samuel Randell w Bben r Smith 

Joseph Colbie James Prenee w Crestefor Hountos 


History of Carroll County. 

Enoch Webster 
Eben 1 Burbanck 

w William Abotl ' 
Josiah Dollife 
William Dollife 
Jolin Dollife Ju 1 
Joseph Odell 
Jonathan Cochran 

w Eben r Varnani 
Benjamin Varnam 
John Ares 

Abiather Esteman 
Noah Eastman 
Samuel Springer 
w William Merell 
Daniel Peabody 
Thomas King 
Archibald Sterling 
Joseph Lovees 
Benj a Heath 
phillip page 
Joshua Killey 

James Hountos 

Robert llearll 

James Hearll 
w Samuel Thompson 

Joseph Hull 

Timothy Walker Jr 
w Benjamin Crockett 

florence MacColey 

John Osgood 

Total Number Gl 

You will finde w. at the beginning of every Mans Name that is gown to the 

The A Larm Least Men 
Colonel MacMullen Esq 1 ' Thomas Merall Esq r Thomas Chatburn Esq r 
Byell Lovejoy Esq'' Cap' Timothy Walker Lieu 1 Hugh Sterling Lieu' Neathanal 
Smath John Dolife Leonard Hearman Abraham Colbie Invaleds 1 10 

A true List 

Daniel Page. 

Two men from Conway enlisted for three months' service at West Point in 
General Arnold's command. 

Benjamin Dockom, Conway, is a private in Captain Livermore's return of 
Third company, First New Hampshire regiment made February 15, 1781. John 
Morrell was returned as a private in Captain Benjamin Ellis's company, 
Colonel Scammell's regiment, February, 1781. Henry Hill, 17 years old, dark 
complexion, 5 ft 6 in. high ; Nicholas Coffen, 17, dark complexion, 5 ft 
5 in. high ; Thomas Gates Leach, 16, dark complexion, 5 ft high, all living 
in Conway, enlisted on March 2, 1781, the first two for three years, the 
last for the war. Benjamin Heath, private, is returned as a member of 
Brigadier-General Hazen's regiment in 1781. Seth Spring is first sergeant of 
Captain Jacob Smith's company of rangers. He enlisted August 1, 1781, from 
Conway, served on northern frontier one month nineteen days, received £3 
bounty, <£4 18s. Od. pay. Stephen Merrill and Elijah Densmore enlisted 
September 1, 1781, from Conway with <£3 bounty each, and served two months 
one day in same company. 

Captain James Osgood and Lieutenant Ezekiel Walker enlisted August 16, 
1781, with the following men as scouts, and were employed by the town of 
Conway for from ten to twenty-eight days: Ebenezer Hall, Stephen Webster, 
Jonathan Philbrick, Philip Page, Joshua Kelly, Peter Coffin, John Chase, 
Austin George, Charles Hill, John Chase, Jr, John Wilson, Jeremiah Lovering, 
Captain Elijah Dinsmore, Seth Spring, and Stephen Merrill. 

Phillip Page, sergeant, and privates Reuben Moulton, John Sanborn, Charles 

i hilled at Saratoga, September 19, 1777. 

Revolutionary Period and War of 1812. 

Hacket, I );i\ id Blake, John Briant, were •• draughted " from ( !olonel Richardson's 
regiment to serve as a " Scouting party on the Andrewscoggins River" in L782. 
The pay-roll was attested June !•'>. 1783, by David Page, Esq., of Conway, 
before Nathaniel Folsom, J. P. 

Benjamin Heath (Hazen's regiment), John Twyman, and Jeremiah Whitam 
(Jackson's regiment) are returned as soldiers from Conway in March, 1784. 
Samuel Wilson and Florence McCalley are also found in records with date of 
service or regiment. David Page, in behalf of the selectmen of Conway, in a 
••true Return," June 9, 1781, claims them, and supports the claim by various 
depositions, etc. [Rev. War Rolls, vol. iii, pp. 012, l!13.] 

Sandwich. — Andrew McGaffey, lieutenant, of Sandwich, was pensioned 
June 1 , 177'.'. for disability received from wounds obtained June 17, 1775, at 
Bunker Hill. He was a sergeant in that action, was shot through the body, 
and for some days considered mortally wounded, but, recovering, he was 
commissioned first lieutenant of Captain MeClary's company of the Third New 
Hampshire battalion in November, 1770. His old wound broke out seriously 
in November, 1778, and he was debarred from active service, and as he was 
thereby "rendered incapable of supporting himself and family by bodily labor," 
he was placed upon half-pay and pensioned. [Rev. War Rolls, vol. iii, pp. 
415, 41(3.] 

In 1779, July 27, Josiah Parsons enlisted for one year in Colonel Mooney's 
regiment for the defence of Rhode Island, and was paid X30 bounty, and £15 
for travel to Providence. 

Sandwich advanced for bounties to Continental soldiers, prior to 1780, 
628 3s. 6d. The town afterward advanced bounties amounting to <£25 18s. 8d. 

Nathan Noles (Nathaniel Knowles) served in Major Benjamin Whitcomb's 
Hangers, enlisting March 1, 1777, for the war. 

Sargent Kimball, Jonathan Hilyard, Simeon Smith, were "inlisted" June 
27. 17*0. Kimball served six months two days, Hilyard six months three days, 
Smith five months twenty-five days. Hilyard received £817 3s. as wages, and 
Smith c£7S1 13s. Od. Jonathan Willard was one of the recruits of 1779 
mustered by Major William Scott; so was Sergeant Kimble and Simeon Smith. 

Benjamin Short is given as of "Sandige"in the return of Captain Isaac 
Fa ru ell's company, First regiment, made February 14, 1781. He was born in 
New London. Conn., in 17'i<> : enlisted December 5, 1770, for the war. In 
February, L781, Nathaniel Phillips is reported as a private credited to Sandage 
in Captain Benjamin Ellis's company, Colonel Scammell's regiment. William 
Hilton, lifer. Sandwich, was serving February 14, 1781, in Captain Moses 
I Alston's company. Second New Hampshire regiment. 

Among Samuel Folsom's recruits, 1781, we find William Forginson (Fer- 
guson), age 17, 5 ft 4 in. tall, dark complexion, who was mustered March 
3 -tor the War:" also, Edward Wells, 5 ft 7 in. tall, 39 years, light 
complexion, mustered Ma\ 2 Eor the war. These received <£60 state bounty. 

84 History op Carroll County. 

Captain Jacob Smith, the gallant leader of the rangers of 1781, was of 
Sandwich. This company was in service two months and a fraction. 

The Tenth regiment of militia was divided November 3, 1780, and the 
Fourteenth regiment organized from the towns of Wakefield, Middleton, 
Wolfeborough, Effingham, Ossipee Gore, Eaton, Conway, Tuftonborough, 
Moultonborough, Sandwich, and Tamworth by the General Assembly, which 
chose as field officers Major Bradbury Richardson, colonel, Captain David Copp, 
Lieutenant-colonel, Captain David Page, first major, Mr. David Folsom, second 
major. March 31, 1781, " David Page, Esq., of Conway," was appointed 
lieutenant-colonel of this regiment, and Mr. Jonathan Palmer, of Wakefield, 
first major. The civil titles given in the last appointment indicate that the 
feeling was prevalent that the militia would not be as a body called into active 
military operations. 

January 10, 1782, Colonel David Page was empowered to raise twelve men 
as a scouting party for Shelburne and the Upper Coos, and he was directed to 
call on Conway and neighboring towns for supplies for the men, who were to 
be officered with one " Sarjeant," the officers and men to have the same pay 
and rations as the Continental Army, and to be under the directions of Colonel 
David Page. March 27, David Page, Esq., was directed by the General 
Assembly to enlist eight men to serve until November next to aid in defending 
the western and northern frontiers. 

No military operations on an extended scale occurred on this soil during the 
Revolution, and no battle was fought here, but the dread of hostile invasion 
from Canada and of the incursions of bands of hostile Indians hung heavy 
over the households, many of whose protectors were battling in the army at all 
points from Ticonderoga to Yorktown, from Charlestown to Trenton, and with 
Sullivan in his campaign against the Indians of Western New York. Their 
descendants of to-day cannot have the faintest appreciation of the worry, care, 
and responsibilities appertaining to life in Revolution days among Carroll's now 
most peaceful vales and plains. 

War of 1812. — New Hampshire was in 1812 as well prepared for military 
operations as at any time up to 1861. The militia, under the supervision of 
adjutant-general Michael McClary, a soldier of the Revolution, was a well-disci- 
plined and well-regulated body, commanded, to a great extent, by men who had 
seen active service. Colonel Potter says : " Such men, taught in the school of 
experience, brought military skill and pride, without which skill is of little 
avail, to the organization and completion of our military system/' 

Carroll county's territory responded well to the call, and proved that her 
sons kept up their ancient reputation for valor. The rolls of the companies 
mustered during the first two years of the war do not give the residence of the 
soldier, and it is groping in the dark to gather those belonging to any particu- 
lar locality. In 1814 the residence of some is given, and their names will be 

Revolutionary Period \m> War op L812. 85 

found below. Many from Carroll count} town.-, served in Captain Phineas 
Stone's, Captain Hugh .Moore's, Captain John Marsh's, Captain John Willey's, 
Captain William Courson's, and Captain Johnson I). Quimby's companies, and 
we give their names here. The same names sometimes appear in several com- 

CAPTAIN STONE'S COMPANY. — Nathaniel X. Shannon, lieutenant, Tim 'thy 
Clark, Nathaniel Glines, Moses J. Glines, John Holmes, John Rogers, Jacob 
Wallace Wolfeborough; Jonathan Palmer, Asa Clay. David Downs, Otis D. 
Densmore, Lynes Hoit, Libbeus Hayford, Isaac Meeder, Herman Rogers, Tam- 
worih : Jonathan C. Johnson, William McGaffey, Moses Prescott, Jonathan 
Bryant, Ebenezer Burley, Amos Church. John Elliot, John Fogg, Jos i ah Far- 
well, -lames George, Joseph Graves, William Hodge, Ephraim K. hamper, Noah 
Moulton, John Shaw, Josiah Smith. Orlando Weed, Sandwich; Josiah Jenness, 

CAPTAIN Moore's Company. — Abraham Menston, lieutenant, Stephen 
Fowler, Thomas Leavit, Dearborn Leavitt, Dearborn Lovering, Effingham; 
Joseph Dame, ensign, Robert Quimby, Wakefield; John Fullerton, sergeant, 
John Drew, sergeant, Mark Lucas, Walter Avery, Ichabod Cook, Theodore 
Ewins, Jacob Harvey, Joseph P. Judkins, Andrew Lucas, Natli. D. Richard- 
son, William Tripe, Wolfeborough; John Templeton, John Horsham. Daniel 
Moody, William Watson, Ossipee ; Nathaniel Chase, Job Colcord, Nathaniel 
Hodgdon, John Hanson, Joseph L. Perry, George Wiggin, Tuftonborough. 

Captain Marsh's Company. — John Marsh, captain, Eli Glines, lieuten- 
ant, James Lang, sergeant, David Allen, sergeant, Ebenezer Wileason, Abraham 
Colby, Marshal Ileninan. Samuel Lurk, Joshua Bickford, Isaae Bickford, Col- 
man Colby, Ezekiel Currier, Samuel Clerk, Stephen Danford, Isaac Davis. Jr. 
James Drew. Samuel Drown, Adams Forrist, Simon Furmold, Enoch Folsom, 
Andrew Ham, Samuel Harriman, Robert Meeder, Martin Mush, John Nason, 
Natli. Remmick, Benj. Stacy, Wm. Stacy, James Hoyt, Eaton; Jona. Stark. 
lieutenant. J;iiues Farrington, sergeant, Ira Crocker, sergeant, Samuel Stark, 
Andrew Boswell, William Boswell, Nathaniel Coffin, Daniel Crocker, Jeremiah 
Eastman, Moses Harriman, David Harriman, Hamilton Edmunds. Charles Hods- 
don, Conway; Jonathan Smart, Samuel P. Daniels, Ossipee; Isaac Davis, 2d, 
Humphrey Mason. Thomas Varney, Asa Clay, David Downs, Otis Densmore, 
Isaac Meeder, Herman Rogers, Orlando Weed, Tamworth; Daniel Kimball, 
John Kimball, Wm. Taylor, Pearson Kenison, Samuel Stewart, Win. Tripe. 
Benj. Hables, Effingham; Wm. Ayres, .Matthew Wentworth, Zachariah Nock. 
Jona. Nock, Wakefield; Ebenezer Burley, John Elliott, Jeremiah Elliott. John 
.Josiah Farwell, Jona. C. Johnson. Jona. Smith, John Shaw, Sandwich; 
John Holmes. Moultonborough. 

Captain Willey's Company. — Thomas Vesey, lieutenant, George Smith, 
David Dull, Daniel Morrison. Levi Chase, Josiah L. Abbott. Tuftonborough; 

86 History of Carroll County. 

Joshua Gilman, sergeant, Benj. T. Hall, Samuel Frost, Jonathan Edgerly, Peter 
Hawkins, David Taylor, Benjamin Russell, Nath. Glidden, Benjamin Clough, 
Samuel Greenleaf, John Gile, Jeremiah Champion, James Nichols, Effingham ; 
Reuben Wyman, Lieutenant, Jeremiah Cranmore, Robert Harriman, John Phipps, 
Jr, John Levitt, Jr, Chatham; Jesse Page, Mitchell Emerson, Edmund Hamilton, 
Ivorv Perkins, Stephen Littlefield, Daniel Ordway, Nathaniel Sawyer, Jesse 
Merrill. Conway; John Levitt, Aaron Rumney, John Hatch, Eaton; John 
Burnham, Daniel Gray, John Lucy, Adams ; Luther Harriman, Bartlett ; David 
Allen, Burton : Joseph Hoit, John Shepard, Stephen Edmunds, Joseph Gray, 
John A. Wiggins, John Rogers, Stephen Hawkins, Thomas Frigs, John Willey, 
Daniel Drew, Jesse Hall, Wolfeborough ; Daniel Young, Jeremiah Brown, 
Nathan Watson, Joseph Stagpole, Walter Cate, Reuben Plummer, John Dore, 
John Cook, Wakefield ; Jona. Wiggin, Phineas Hammond, Levi Abbott, Levi 
Pray, Moses Skedgule, Nath. M. Meserve, Reuben Davis, Oxsvpee ; William 
Mallard, Moultonborough. 

Captain Courson's Company. — John Cook, sergeant, John Johnson, 
Levi Bean, William Burley, James Bean, 3d, Eben. Blake, John Cook, Jr, George 
Downs, Oren Fogg, Josiah Ladcl, Aaron M. Walton, Amos Quimby, Benj. 
Elliott, Josiah Thrasher, Jedediah Watson, Samuel Smith, Sandwich ; Thomas 
Leavitt, Benj. Crafts, John Hartford, Moses Huchins, Stephen Hodgdon, John 
Mclntire, John Wallace, William Morrill, Moultonborough ; Stephen Richards, 
Henry B. Hatch, Hezekiah Cook, Edmund Crockett, Benj. Gardner, David Gil- 
man, 3d, Samuel Holmes, George Low, Daniel Sanborn, Stephen Smith, Samuel 
Savage, David Woodman, Tamworth. 

Captain Kimball's company contained five men from Wakefield, John M. 
Copp, Edward Witham, Gilman Cloutman, John Brown, and one man, John 
Hodge, from Brookfield 

Lieutenant Nathaniel Burley, of Sandwich, raised a small company in Sep- 
tember and October, 1814, in which were these men from Sandwich : John Til- 
ton, Nathaniel Ethridge, Timothy Peasley, John Donovan, John Hackett, John 
Moulton, Jedediah Skinner, John Smith. 

( 'apt:! in -lames Hardy's company, all enlisted August 11, 1814, were Nathan- 
iel Abbott, Frederic Ballard, James L. Gowdy, Stephen Grant, Daniel Page, 
•Joseph Page, Hiram Pierce, Obadiah Witham, Wakefield; James Drew, Joseph 
Pitman, George Stevens, Stephen Young, Brookfield. 

In Captain John D. Harty's company were Ichabod Cook, Stephen D. 
Hutchins, David Page, Jonathan Willard, Wakefield; Samuel Cate, Levi 
Douglass, Stephen Giles, Samuel Tibbetts, Brookfirld. 

Neal McGaffey, of Sandwich, served in Captain Hayes's company. 

CAPTA in Quj mby's Company. — Jonathan Bean, lieutenant, John McGaffey, 
ensign, Enoch Tewksbury, Freeman Jewell, Daniel Tewksbury, Samuel Beede, 
Henry Thrasher, Joseph Thrasher, Thomas Bryer, Moses Maxfield, Nathan 

White Mountains. 87 

Mason, Abel Morrill, Joseph Hadley, John Hadley, Winthrop Hadley, Stephen 
Quinby, Jerry Eliot, Frank Eliot, John Eliot, Josiah Webster, Jedediah 
Skinner, John Currier, Benjamin Currier, Benjamin Morse, Stephen Atwood, 

Daniel Fogg, John Fogg, Oren Fogg, William McGaffey, John Atw 1. Moses 

Worthen, Samuel Worthen, Asa Pettingill, Stephen Bennett, Abner Be stt, 

John Bennett, Reuben Bennett, Amos Bennett, William Burleigh, Ephraim 
Dockum, David McCrillis, Neal McCrillis, Josiah Bean, Andrew Bean, Josiah 
McGaffey, Samuel McGaffey, William Chase, Amos Neally, Henry Weed, Robie 
French, George Hoyt, John Fellows. Philip Heath, John Tilton, Samuel Cor- 
liss, Joseph Corliss, James Corliss, Hezekiah Webster, John S. Webster, John 
S. Quinby, Joseph L. Quinby, Asa Quinby, Daniel Quinby, Amos Quinby, 
James Quinby, John Quinby, Nathaniel Pettingill, Moses Quinby, Stephen 
Fellows, Jr, Abel Morrill, Nehemiah Webster, Samuel B. Quinby, John Shaw, 
Alexander Rowe, Samuel Straw, all of Sandwich. Eliphalet Maxfield, Eli- 
phalet Maxfield, Jr, Moses Maxfield, Stephen and Jacob Quimby, Enoch Colby, 
Josiah Bates, Henry .Jewell, Amos Quimby, Asa Pettengill, Sherburne Fogg, 

Joseph Webster, Thos. Blackey, Andrew and Bean were in Lieutenant 

Enoch Quimby's ( !o. 



Topography — Mt Starr King Group — Mt Carter Group — Mt Washington Range — 
Cherry Mountain District — Mt Willey Range — Passacon away Range — Albany Mountains — 
Pequawket Area — History — Mythology — First Visited — Winthrop's Account — Darby Field's 
A-ci-iii -Josselyn's Description — "The Chrystal Hills** — Later Visits — Western Pass or 
"Notch" -Firsl Settlement — Scientific Explorations — Scenery of the "Notch** — Nash 
and Sawyer's Grant — "A Borse Through the Notch"" — Sawyer's Rock — First Articles of 
C merce — Tenth New Bampshire Turnpike — Bracken's Account of Naming and Ascer- 
taining the Beights — Other Scientific Visitors — Bardships of Early Settlers — First House 
in the "Notch" — Crawford's Cabin on the Summit — Summit House — 'Tip-top House — 
First Winter Ascent — Carriage Road- -Glen Bouse— M1 Washington Railway — Mountain 
Tragedies -"Among the Clouds"- -Signal Station — Mt Washington Summit House. 

THE WHITE MOUNTAINS cover au area of 1,270 square miles, bounded 
by the Maine line on the east, the Androscoggin river and the Grand 
Trunk railway on the northeast and north, the Connecticut river valley, 
or an irregular line from Northumberland to Warren, on the west, the region 
of Baker's river on the southwest, and the Pemigewasset river and the lake 

History of Carroll County. 

district on the south. The Saco river cuts the White Mountains into two 
aearly equal parts. Professor Hitchcock groups the mountains in ten sub- 
divisions:—!. Mt Starr King group. 2. Mt Carter group. 3. Mt Washington 
range, with a Jackson branch. 4. Cherry Mountain district. 5. Mt Willey 
range. 6. Mt Carrigain and Osceola group. 7. Mt Passaconaway range. 
8. Mts Twin and Lafayette group. 9. Mts Moosilauke and Profile division. 
LO. Mt Pequawket area. These mountain groups differ much in geological 
character, age. and topographical features. 

1. Mi Starr King Group is embraced in the remote portions of Gorham, 
Randolph, Jefferson, Lancaster, Stark, Milan, Berlin, and the whole of 
Kilkenny. It is bounded by the Upper Ammonoosuc and Androscoggin rivers 
on the north and east, by Moose and Israel's rivers on the south, and the 
Connecticut slope on the west. The longest diameter of this group is sixteen 
miles; the greatest width thirteen miles. The shape of the area is oval- 
elliptical, more pointed at the north than south, and comprises about 150 
square miles. The Upper Ammonoosuc river flows in a broad valley in 
Randolph and Berlin, and thereby divides the group into two parts. Its 
source, called the "Pond of Safety," is nearly 900 feet above Milan water- 
station, and there is a depression in the ridge in the south towards Jefferson. 
Geologists state that the northern portion of the Starr King region was once 
a large plateau through which water has cut the numerous valleys now found. 
Not less than seven streams have cut notches into this plateau, — the three 
most prominent ones being from Berlin, Stark (Mill Brook), and Lancaster. 
There is a central ridge through Kilkenny, the Pilot mountain range, connected 
by a valley with Mt Starr King in Jefferson. A branch diverges from this 
range to Pilot mountain in Stark. Green's ledge and Black mountain are 
spurs to the east from the Pilot range. From Mt Starr King to Berlin Falls 
runs an irregularly curved range, composed of Pliny, Randolph, and Crescent 
mountains, and Mt Forest. Mts Starr King, Pilot, and Randolph are the 
culminating points, being in height 3,800, 3,0-10, and 3,063 feet respectively. 

2. Mt Carter Grrowp lies in Shelburne, Bean's Purchase, Chatham, and 
Jackson. There is a heavy range from Gorham to Jackson, quite near the 
Peabody and Ellis valleys, while, on the east, the slope towards the Andros- 
coggin is quite gradual. Mt Moriah is one of* the most northern peaks of this 
chain. Rev. T. Starr King says: "Mount Moriah should be seen from the 
bend of the Androscoggin, a little more than a mile north of the hotel (in 
Gorham). Here its charming outline is seen to the best advantage. Its crest 
is as high over the valley as Lafayette rises over the Profile House." Mt 
Moriah and Mt Carter are separated by Imp mountain. Wild river occupies 
a broad valley in Bean's Purchase, trending northeasterly. The highest part 
of Carter range is next Peabody river. The western slope is much steeper 
than the eastern. A wild, deep notch lies in the edge of Jackson, from which 

White Mountains. 89 

the easl branch, of Ellis river flows southeasterly. Several tributaries flow to 
Wild river from the smith, from the range which runs easterly to form the 
entire western and southern edge of the Wild river basin. This range curves 
to the mirth, near the Maine Line, where Mt Royce stands immediate!} on the 
border. Five spurs run into Jackson and Chatham. One runs from Height's 
mountain to Spruce and Eagle mountains, near Jackson village. Another 
comes down from Carter mountain and embraces Black and Tin mountains. 
Another includes Double-head mountain and lies immediately west of the easl 
branch of the Saco and Wildcat Branch. The two others run from Baldface 
mountain: one takes in Sable mountain in Jackson and its foot-hills; the other 
includes Mts Eastman and slope in Chatham. Some of the wildest, grandest, 
and most beautiful scenery of the White Mountains is in this district. 

8. Mi Washington Range. — The main range of Mt Washington extends 
from (iorham to Bartlett, about twenty-two miles. The culminating point is 
central, with a deep gulf towards Gorham, a slope on the north, formed 
partially by the westerly Mt Deception range, which also produces the broad 
Ammonoosuc valley on the west, in connection with the axial line of summits. 
There are two principal valleys on the south, the more westerly occupying the 
depression of Dry or Mt Washington river, and the easterly passing down the 
slope of Rocky branch, which travels easterly near its termination, and parallel 
with the Saco in Bartlett. Starting with the Androscoggin valley, the range 
commences in the low Pine mountain. In the southeast corner of Gorham 
this is intersected by the pass of the Pinkham road between Randolph and the 
(ilen House. Next, the land rises rapidly to the top of Mt Madison, 5,400 
feet. The range now curves westerly, passing over the summits of Adams, 
Jefferson, and Clay. From the gap between Clay and Washington the best 
view can be obtained of the deep abyss in which the west branch of Peabody 
river rises. From Washington the east rim of the Great Gulf is easily 
discerned, for on it the carriage road to the Glen House is located. From 
- Bine Pond," or "Lake of the Clouds," and the height south of Tuckerman's 
ravine to Madison, it is easy to imagine an elevated plateau out of Washington, 
which rises, say N00 feet. Tuckerman's and Huntington's ravines have been 
cut out east of Washington. Tuckerman's runs easterly, holding the head- 
waters of Ellis river. Huntington's commences at the southern angle of the 
carriage road, at the fifth mile-post, and runs towards the first. 

Past Mt Washington the main range drops to the pass of the Lake of the 
Clouds — the source of the Ammonoosuc river. The first mountain is 
Monroe, then comes Mts Franklin, Pleasant, Clinton. Jackson, and Webster, as 
named. Mt Webster is a long mountain with a steep side towards the Saco, 
and. being directly opposite the Willey House, forms one of the chief features 
of the Notch. From Monroe to Webster the east flank of the mountains is 
washed by the powerful Mt Washington river, the proper continuance of the 

90 History of Carroll County. 

Saco valley, which formerly was called Dry river. This heads in Oakes's gulf, 
from the east side of which two ranges run southerly. The western one 
follows the Saco t<« a point opposite "Sawyer's rock," having, in the lower part 
of its course, Giant's Stairs, Mt Resolution, Mt Crawford, Mt Hope, and 
"Hart's ledge." The eastern one is not conspicuous and not named. This is 
skirted by Rocky Branch on the west and Ellis river on the east. Near 
Jackson it makes an eastern curve, and ends in Iron mountain. 

4. Cherry Mountain District. — Mt Deception range consists of four peaks 
— Mt Mitten, Mt Dartmouth, Mt Deception, and Cherry mountain. It is 
separated by a considerable valley from Mt Jefferson, and its gentler slope lies 
on the northern flank towards Israel's river. The road from Fabyan's to 
Jefferson passes between Cherry and Deception. Cherry mountain has a 
northerly spur of large dimensions, called Owl's Head, where occurred the 
great slide of 1885. 

5. Mt Willey Range starts from near the White Mountain House in Carroll, 
and ends in Mt Willey. Its northern terminus is low, the highest peak being 
at the southern end of the range. Six granitic summits appear before reaching 
the high summit of Mt Tom, just back of the Crawford House. The stream 
forming "Beecher's Cascade" passes between Mt Tom and the next summit 
south, which was named Mt Lincoln, but, as that name was already occupied 
by a peak in Franconia, was rechristened Mt Field by Professor Huntington. 
From Mt Field to Mt Willey the high land is continuous, reaching an elevation 
of 4,300 feet. It then drops off abruptly and terminates. Ethan's pond, the 
head of the Merrimack river waters, lies a little to the southwest of the 
precipice. The Field-Willey range is directly opposite Mt Webster, and the 
valley between these is the most striking part of the White Mountain Notch, 
the head of which is formed by Mt Willard, only about 550 feet above the 
Crawford plain. Mt Carrigain, a lofty, conical summit, 4,678 feet high, is a 
continuation of the Mt Washington range. 

Passaconaway Mange has an easterly course. Its most massive mountain is 
Black Mountain, or Sandwich Dome, on the line between Carroll and Grafton 
counties. This is 3,999 feet high at United States Coast Survey Station. 
Majestic Passaconaway Mountain (4,200 feet high) is a sharp dome, thickly 
wooded. It lies a little north of the main ridge, and is in Grafton county, as 
is Whiteface, although the perambulations of the west line of Albany on the 
early surveys run on the west side of these mountains. From Passaconaway 
to Chocorua, low, ragged mountains occupy the space. Chocorua is the 
sharpest of all the mountains in the state, and is easily recognized on this 
account. Its cone is formed by an uncommon variety of granite. From 
Chocorua east, the mountains gradually drop down to the Conway plains. 

The Albany Mountains are divided by Swift river into two parts. On the 
north side are Mote mountains, and mostly unnamed peaks along the south 
bank of the Saco in Bartlett. 

WlUTK Moi NT.UNS. 91 

The Pequawket area embraces the conical Kearsarge Mountain, which, on 
the south, has a connection with those tall piles of granite in Conway called 
( rreen Hills. 

History. — The first European who gives a report for publication concerning 
these mountains was Verrazano, a Florentine navigator, who sailed along the 
New England coast in 1524, and spoke of "high mountains within the Land." 
On Ribero's map of 1529, thej are indicated, and marked "montanas." They 
are shown on Cabot's map (1544) as "montagnas," and from that time are 
regularly assigned a place by map-makers. The name "White Mountains" is 
first connected with these elevations in print by Josselyn in his " New England 
Rarities Discovered," printed in 1<!72. This writer, in his "Voyages," 
published a year or two later, gives us the best part of the mythology of 
our highest hills. The story, as Josselyn tells it, is curious enough; ami its 
resemblance to one of the most venerable of Caucasian traditions should seem 
to suggest some connection of the people which transmitted it with the common 
Asiatic home of the bearded races. "Ask them," says Josselyn, "whither they 
go when they dye? they will tell you, pointing with their ringer to Heaven 
beyond the White Mountains, and do hint at Noah's Hood, as may be conceived 
by a story they have received from father to son, time out of mind, that a great 
while agon their Countre}* was drowned, and all the People and other Creatures 
in it. only one l } "ir l nr and his Webb, foreseeing the Flood, fled to the White 
Mountains carrying a hare along with them, and so escaped; after a while the 
Powaw sent the Hare away, who not returning, emboldened thereby, they 
descended, and lived many years after, and had many children, from whom the 
Countrie was filled again with Indians." The Indians gave the mountains the 
names of Kan-ran-vugarty (great white gull likeness), Waumrbek-Jcet j meth-na 
(white greatest mountains), and A</iorko<;hook (hills over there). The English 
name of our mountains, which had its origin, perhaps, while as yet they were 
only known to adventurous mariners, following the still silent coasts of New 
England, relates them to all other high mountains, from Dha/cala-Griri, the 
White Mountain of the Himalayas to Craig Eryri of Snowdon of Wales; but it 
is interesting to find them also, in this legend, in some sort of mythical connec- 
tion with traditions and heights of the ancient continent, the first knowledge 
of which carries us back to the very beginnings of human history. Dr 
Belknap says that Captain Walter Neale, accompanied by Josselyn and Darbj 
Field, sel out, in 1632, to discover the "beautiful lakes" report placed in the 
interior, ami that, in the course of their travels, they visited the White Moun- 
tains. Merrill, in L817, after an examination of the best authorities, concludes 
that Walter ami Robert Neal, and others, visited the mountains in 1631, hut it 
is to Darby Field, of Pascataquack, that the credit is now generally assigned 
of being the first explorer of the White Mountains. Accompanied by two 
Indians. Winthrop tells us, Field climbed the highest summit in L642. We 

92 History of Carroll County. 

believe, with Judge C. E. Potter, that Belknap's account is correct, and Field's 
first visit was in 1632. It appears that "within twelve miles of the top was 
neither tree nor grass, but low savins, which they went upon the top of, 
sometimes but a continual ascent upon rocks, on a ridge between two valleys 
filled with snow, out of which came two branches of Saco river, which met at 
the foot of the hill where was an Indian town of some two hundred people. 
. . . By the way, among the rocks there were two ponds, one a blackish water, 
and the other a reddish. The top of all was a plain about sixty feet square. 
On the north side was such a precipice as they could scarce discern to the 
bottom. They had neither cloud nor wind on the top and moderate heat." 
This appears to have been in June, and a short time after he went again, with 
five or six in his company, and " the report he brought of ' shining stones,' etc., 
caused divers others to travel thither, but they found nothing worth their 
pains." It is passing strange that men reputed honest could make such a wild 
report of regions that required no invention to make them attractive and 
wonderful. Among those who expected rich treasure from these mountains 
were the proprietors, Mason and Gorges, and no discouragement could lessen 
their hopes. The Spaniards had found riches in the mountains of Mexico and 
Peru; why should not these New Hampshire mountains prove equally rich in 
the precious metals? In August of the same year, another party, led by 
Thomas Gorges, Esq., and Richard Vines, two magistrates of the province of 
Sir Ferdinando Gorges, set out on foot to explore " the delectable mountains." 
(Winthrop's History calls this " Darby Field's second visit.") " They went up 
Saco river in birch canoes to Pegwaggett, an Indian town. From the Indian 
town they went up hill mostly, for about thirty miles in woody lands, then 
about seven or eight miles upon shattered rocks, without tree or grass, very 
steep all the way. At the top is a plain about three or four miles over, all 
shattered stones, and upon that is another rock or spire, about a mile in height, 
and about an acre of ground at the top. At the top of the plain arise four 
great rivers, each of them so much water at the first issue as would drive a 
mill : Connecticut river from two heads, at the northwest and southwest, which 
join in one about sixty miles off; Saco river on the southeast; Amascoggin, which 
runs into Casco bay at the northeast, and Kennebeck, at the north by east. 
The mountain runs east and west thirty miles, but the peak is above the rest." 
There can be but little doubt that Darby Field, the first explorer, entering 
the valley of Ellis river, left it for the great southeastern ridge of Mt Wash- 
ington, the same which has since been called Boott's Spur. This was the "ridge 
between two valleys filled with snow, out of which came two branches of Saco 
river," and it led him, as probably the other party also, to the broadest spread 
of that great plain, of which the southeastern grassy expanse, of some forty 
acres, has long been known as Bigelow's Lawn, and the "top" to the north, 
where the two ponds are, furnished Gorges with a part, no doubt, of the sources 
of his rivers. 

Win ri: Mm stains. 93 

"Fourscore miles," says Josselyn, "(upoE a direct line) to the northwesl of 
Scarborow, a ridge of mountains run northwesl and northeasl an hundred 
Leagues, known by the aame <>f the White Mountains, upon which lieth snow 
all the year, and is a Land-mark twenty miles off at sea. It is rising ground 
from thf seashore to these Hills, and the} are inaccessible bul by the Gullies 
winch the dissolved Snow hath made; in these Gullies grow Savin hushes. 
which being taken hold of are a good help to the climbing discoverer; upon 
the top of the highesl of these Mountains is a large Level or Plain of a day's 
journey over, whereon nothing grows hut Moss: at the farther end of this 
Plain is another Hill called the Sugar loaf, to outward appearance a rude heap 
of massie stones piled one upon another, and you may. as you ascend, step from 
one stone to another, as if you were going up a pair of stairs, hut winding still 
about the Hill till you come to the top, which will require half a day's time, 
and yet ii is not above a Mile, where there is also a Level of about an acre of 
ground, with a pond of clear water in the midst of it, which you may hear run 
down, hut how it ascends is a mystery. From this rocky Hill you may see 
the whole Country round about; it is far above the lower Clouds, and from 
heme we beheld a Vapour (like a great Pillar) drawn up by the Sun Beams 
out of a great Lake or Pond into the air. where it was formed into a Cloud. 
The Country beyond these Hills Northward is daunting terrible, being fnll of 
rocky Hills, as thick as Mole-hills, in a Meadow, and cloathed with infinite 
thick Woods." 

Gorges and Nines' party named these mountains the u Chrystal Hills," but 
their provisions failed them before the beautiful lake was reached, and though 
they were within one day's journey of it, they were obliged to return home. 
Josselyn also says : " One stately mountain there is, surmounting all the rest, 
about fourscore miles from the sea; between the mountains are many rich and 
pregnant valleys as ever eye beheld, beset on each side with variety of goodh 
trees, the grass man-high, unmowed, uneaten, and uselessly withering, and 
within these valleys spacious lakes or ponds well stored with fish and beavers; 
the original of all the great rivers in the countrie, the snow lies upon the 
mountains the whole year excepting the month of August; the black Hies are 
so numerous that a man cannot draw his breath but he will suck of them in. 
Some suppose that the White Mountains were first raised by earthquakes, but 
they are hollow, as may be guessed by the resounding of the rain upon the 
level on the top." The pond on the top in this account may have been due to 
extraordinary transient causes; it is not mentioned by the other visitors of the 
seventeenth century, and has not been heard of since. 

We aext hear of an ascent of the White Mountains by a ■• ranging company," 
which ••ascended the highest mountain on the N. W. part." so far as appears 
the first ascent on that side, April 29, 17^5, and found, as was to be expected, 
the snow- deep and the Alpine ponds frozen. Another ranging party, which 

;»4 History of Carroll County. 

was "in the neighborhood of the White Mountains on a warm day in the 
month of March," in the year 1746, had an interesting and the first recorded 
experience of a force, which has left innumerable proofs of its efficiency all 
through the mountains. It seems that this party was "alarmed with a repeated 
noise, which they supposed to be the firing of guns. On further search they 
found it to be caused by rocks falling from the south side of a steep mountain." 

The Western Pass (Notch*) of the mountains was undoubtedly known to the 
Indians, but we have no account of its use by the English till after 1771, when 
two hunters, Timothy Nash and Benjamin Sawyer, passed through it. It is 
said that Nash, in pursuit of a moose, drove it into a deep gorge, and expected 
an easy capture. The moose, however, took an old Indian trail, which brought 
it safely to the other side of the mountain. A road was soon after opened by 
the proprietors of lands in the Upper Cohos, and another, through the Eastern 
Pass, was commenced in 1774. Settlers began now to make their way into the 
immediate neighborhood of the mountains. The townships of Jefferson, Shel- 
burne (which included Gorham), and Adams (now Jackson), successively 
received inhabitants from 1773 to 1779, and the wilderness, if as yet far enough 
from blossoming, was opened, and to some extent tamed. 

It was now that the first company of scientific incpuirers approached the 
White hills. In July, 1784, the Rev. Manasseh Cutler, of Ipswich, a zealous 
member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Rev. Daniel 
Little, of Kennebunk, also a member of the Academy, and Colonel Joseph 
Whipple, of Dartmouth (now- Jefferson), the most prominent inhabitant of 
.the Cohos country, visited the mountains " with a view to make particular 
observations on the several phenomena that might occur." The way by which 
Cutler ascended the mountain is indicated by the stream which bears his name 
in Belknap's and Bigelow's narratives, and was doubtless very much the same 
taken and described by Bigelow. President Dwight passed through the Notch 
in 1797, and a second time in 1803, and his beautiful description of the scenery 
is still valuable and correct. He says: "The Notch of the White Mountains 
is a phrase appropriated to a very narrow defile extending two miles in length 
between two huge cliffs, apparently rent asunder by some vast convulsion of 
nature. The entrance to the chasm is formed by two rocks, standing perpen- 
dicularly at the distance of twenty-two feet from each other; one about twenty, 
the other about twelve feet in height. Half of the space is occupied by the 
brook, the head stream of the Saco, the other half by the road. When we 
entered the Notch we were struck with the wild and solemn appearance of 
everything before us. The scale on which all objects in view were formed 
was the scale of grandeur only. The rocks, rude and ragged in a manner 
hardly paralleled, were fashioned and piled on each other by a hand operating 
only in the boldest and most irregular manner. As we advanced, these 
appearances increased rapidly. Huge masses of granite, of every abrupt form, 

\\ ' 1 1 iii: Mountains. 95 

and hoary with a moss which seemed the product of ages, recalling to the mind 
the ' Saxum vetuBtum* of Virgil, speedily rose to a mountainous height. Before 
us tlic view widened fast to the southeast. Behind us it closed almosl instan- 
taneously, and presented nothing to the eye but an impassable barrier of 
mountains. About half a mile from the entrance of the chasm we saw in full 
view the most beautiful cascade, perhaps, in the world. Ii issued from a 
mountain on the right, about eight hundred feet above the subjacent valley, 
and at the distance of about two miles limn US. The stream, which I shall 
denominate the 'Silver cascade/ ran over a series of rocks, almost perpen- 
dicular, with a course so little broken as to preserve the appearance of an 
uniform current, and yet so far disturbed as to be perfectly white. At the 
distance of three quarters of a mile from the entrance, we passed a brook 
known as the 'Flume.* The stream fell from a height of 240 or 250 feet over 
three precipices : down the first and second it fell in a single current, and down 
the third in three, which united their streams at the bottom in a fine basin 
immediately below us. It is impossible for a brook of this size to be modeled 
into mure diversified or more delightful forms, or for a cascade to descend over 
precipices mure happily fitted to finish its beauty. The sunbeams, penetrating 
through the trees, painted a great variety of fine images of light, and edged an 
equally numerous and diversified collection of shadows, both dancing on the 
waters, and alternately silvering and obscuring their course. Purer water 
never was seen. Exclusive of its murmurs, the world around us was solemn 
and silent. Everything assumed the character of enchantment: and, had I 
been educated in the Grecian mythology, I should have been scarcely surprised 
to find an assemblage of Dryads, Naiads, and Oreades sporting on the little plain 
beneath our feet. As we passed onward through this singular valley occasional 
torrents, formed by the rains and dissolving snows at the close of winter, had 
left behind them, in man}' places, perpetual monuments of their progress in 
perpendicular, narrow, and irregular paths of immense length, where they had 
washed the precipices naked and white from the summit of the mountain to 
the base. Wide and deep chasms also at times met the eye, both on the 
summits and the sides, and strongly impressed the imagination with the 
thought that a hand of immeasurable power had rent asunder the solid rocks, 
and tumbled them into the subjacent valley. Overall, hoary cliffs, rising with 
proud supremacy, frowned awfully on the world below, and finished the 

This incident connected with the rediscovery of the Notch is interesting. 
On the report of its rediscovery to Governor Wentworth, he warily agreed to 
grant Nash and Sawyer a tract of land if they would bring him down a horse 
from Lancaster through this Notch. By means of ropes they succeeded in 
getting the horse over the projecting cliff, and down the ragged pathway of the 
mountain torrent, and brought him to the governor. When they saw the horse 

96 History of Carroll County. 

safely lowered on the south side of the last projection, it is said that Sawyer, 
draining the last drop of rum from his junk-bottle, broke the empty flask on 
the rock, and named it "Sawyer's Rock," by which name it has ever since been 
known. The earliest articles of commerce taken through the Notch appear to 
have been a barrel of tobacco raised at Lancaster, which was carried to Ports- 
mouth, and a barrel of rum, which a company in Portland offered to any one 
who should succeed in taking it through the pass. This was done by Captain 
Rosebrook, with some assistance, though it became nearly empty "through the 
politeness of those who helped to manage the affair.*' 

The first person passing through the Notch to settle in the lands northwest 
was Colonel Joseph Whipple, who came from Portsmouth in 1772. He brought 
tackles and ropes by which his cattle were brought over the precipices along 
the way. In 1803 the legislature authorized a lottery for the building of a 
turnpike through the Notch of the White Mountains twenty miles in extent at 
an expense of forty thousand dollars. (It was customary in the early history 
of the country to raise money by lottery for the general welfare. Roads were 
built, literary institutions founded, and religious societies aided by this ques- 
tionable means.) Tickets were issued exceeding the prizes by the sum of 
thirty-two thousand one hundred dollars, but through the failure of agents, the 
loss of tickets, and the expense of management, only fifteen hundred dollars 
came into the state treasury. This road, winding down to the west line of 
Bartlett through this gigantic cleft in the mountains, presents to the traveler 
"some of the most sublime and beautiful scenery which the sun, in his entire 
circuit, reveals to the curious eye." In July of this year, Dr Cutler visited 
the mountains a second time, in company with Dr W. D. Peck, afterwards 
Professor of Natural History at Cambridge, Mass. In 1816 Dr Bigelow, Dr 
Francis Boott, Francis C. Gray, and Chief-Justice Shaw visited the mountains. 
In 1819 Abel Crawford opened the footway to Mt Washington, which follows 
the southwestern ridge from Mt Clinton. July 31, 1820, Mts Pleasant, Frank- 
lin, Monroe, Jefferson, Madison, and Adams were named by Messrs A. N. 
Brackett, J. W. Weeks, Charles J. Stuart, Esq., General John Willson, Noyes 
S. Dennison, and S. A. Pearson, Esq., of Lancaster, with Philip Carrigain and 
Ethan Crawford as guide, who ascended the southwestern ridge by the new 
path, from the head of the Notch, and explored the summits of the whole 
range as far as Mt Washington. In August, 1820, an exploring company took 
the height of the mountains with a spirit-level, and were seven days in this 
slow, fatiguing labor. This must have been the first party that passed the 
night upon the summit. 

From the manuscript account of this exploration we are privileged to 
extract. The account was written by Adino N. Brackett, Esq., of Lancaster, 
a gentleman of great intelligence, a practical surveyor, and clerk of the 
Superior Court for ten years. Major John W. Weeks was at that time county 

White Mountains. 97 

treasurer of Coos county, and afterwards a member of Congress. Richard 
Eastman, Esq., was a leading citizen of Lancaster, ami represented thai town 
in the General Court for many years. Charles J. Stuart, Esq., was a brilliant 
lawyer. ICdwanl B. Moore became a prominent physician. Turner Stephen- 
son was afterward judge of probate of Cob's county. So it will be seen that 
these observers were well calculated for their mission of investigation, and 
were not ignorant and heedless spectators, but true scientific explorers. 

"The White Mountains are situated in the northern part of the state of 
New Hampshire. The latitude of the highest peak is 44° 30' north, or very 
near it, the variation amounting to a few minutes only, if any. Every 
geographical writer in this country, and some beyond the Atlantic, have 
noticed these mountains, and all agree in assigning to them a greater altitude 
than any in New England, if not in the United States. Notwithstanding this 
acknowledged fact, no two writers agree in assigning to the White Mountains 
the same height. Had the variation between them been trilling, the public 
might have rested satisfied, or, at least, have taken the accounts they have 
given as correct. 

"But when they differ in the single circumstance of their altitude more 
than three thousand feet, the public curiosity, instead of being gratified, is 
perplexed, and seeks for something approaching to certainty. As to the cause 
of this difference it is unnecessary to inquire. But it is believed to be out of 
the power of any person to take the heights of mountains correctly, especially 
such as the White Hills, without using a spirit or water level. This mode is 
so long, and generally so laborious, that few have courage to undertake it. 
Notwithstanding all this, the heights of the White Mountains were taken in 
August, L 820, by John W. Weeks, Richard Eastman, Charles J. Stuart, and 
Adino N. Brackett. To accomplish this undertaking they spent seven days, 
and during live of them were attended by Amos Legro, Joseph W. Brackett, 
and Edward B. Moore as assistants. For the first two days they had the 
company of Turner Stephenson, then a member of college, and Charles Going. 
The whole party was from Lancaster. The altitude! of the mountains, above 
low water-mark in Connecticut river near the court house in Lancaster, with 
the names of the principal peaks, will first be given. 

" Mt Washington rises above the river at the place before mentioned 5,850 
feet, and is known by its being the southern of the three highest peaks .' 
above Austin's, in Jefferson, 5,450 feet; above Crawford's, 4,781 feet; above 
the turnpike where the path crosses it, 4,43b feet. Mount Adams, known by 
the sharpness of its termination, and being the second to the northward of 
Mt Washington, 5,383 feet above the river. Mt Jefferson, known by being 
situated between the two first, 5,281 feet. Mt Madison, known by being the 
eastern of the range, 5,039. Mt Munroe, known by being the first to the south 
of Mt Washington, 4,932 feet. Mt Franklin, known by its level surface, 

98 History of Carroll County. 

and being the second to the south of Mt Washington, 4,470 feet. Mt 
Pleasant, or Dome Mount, known by its dome-like appearance, and being 
the third to the southward of Mt Washington, 4,339 feet. Seven of the 
party before mentioned continued on and about the mountains five days, and 
encamped on them four nights, two of which were passed without any other 
covering than the blankets which were borne along by their attendants, and 
the jutting- rocks with which the mountains abound. The rocks and damp 
moss also furnished their resting-place, and the heavens their canopy. The 
night following the 31st of August, 1820, was passed within ten feet of the 
summit of Mt Washington. No human being, it is believed, ever passed a 
night there before. Nor should we, had two of our party, who left the others 
to explore the northern peaks of the range, returned in season to enable us, 
before the commencement of darkness, to descend the mountain." 

Benjamin D. Greene, Esq., collected the plants of the southwestern ridge in 
1823, and the same year, Henry Little, a medical student, explored this part 
of the mountains. In 1825 William Oakes, Esq., and Dr Charles Pickering, 
made, together, extensive researches of much interest. Dr J. W. Robbins 
explored carefully the whole range in 1829, descending into and crossing the 
Great Gulf, and traversing for the first time, so far as scientific interests were 
concerned, all the eastern summits. Mrs M. M. Hills, of Dover, traveled to 
the top of Mt Washington in the summer of 1835, in company with her 
husband and two or three other clergymen. They went up on horseback from 
the Crawford House and traveled along the top of the other mountains to 
within three miles of the summit of Mt Washington, but the last three miles 
they had to travel on foot. There was no house on the summit then, but the 
day was clear and beautiful, and highly enjoyed by all. One of the party, 
Rev. Mr Thurston, felt inspired to preach a short sermon from the text, " The 
devil taketh him up into an exceedingly high mountain, and sheweth him all 
the kingdoms of the world and the glory of them." This was probably the 
first sermon ever preached on the summit of Mt Washington. Mrs Hills was 
one of the first women who went to the summit. The party were twelve 
hours in going and returning, and Mrs Hills stood the journey as well as the 
men ; in fact, Mas less fatigued than most of them. Rev. T. Starr King, 
whose artistic appreciation and eloquent writings did so much to bring this 
region into notice, came here in 1837. In 1840 a party, including Dr Charles 
T. Jackson, reached Mt Washington on horseback by the way of the Notch. 

First Settlers. — In 1792 Captain Rosebrook established himself and home 
on the site of Fabyan's, and opened the first house for summer visitors there 
in 1808. Abel Crawford settled at Bemis in 1793. Ethan A. Crawford 
succeeded to the Rosebrook place in 1817. But thirty years before any of 
these thought of making a home in this wild region, so runs the story, 
Thomas Crager sought among the solitudes of the mountain rocks relief for 

Wiiltk Mountains. 99 

a grief so intense as almosl to craze him. His wife had been executed as a 
witch ; his little daughter Mary, his only child, had been carried into captivity, 
and after a long and unavailing search for her among various tribes, he wenl 
up to (lie mountains, and lived for a long time in a cave where the pure water 
and air of the region brought health and strength, protected Prom the evil 
intent of the Indians by their belief in his being the adopted son of the Great 
Spirit. After long years lie found his daughter among the Indians of eastern 
Maine, married, and living as a squaw. Many wild legends are told of Crager 
and the Indian captor of his daughter, but the fact of his existence and 
residence here is all we need record. 

The First House in the Notch was the historic Wille}- House. It was kept 
as a public house for some years, then abandoned, and again occupied in 1825 
by Samuel Willey, Jr, who, with his wife, five children, and two hired men 
perished in the great slide of August 28, 1826. 

As there would be a dozen people desirous of visiting the mountains 
coming to Ethan A. Crawford's hostelry, in 1821 he most effectively advertised 
it by cutting a path, which shortened the distance, and made it easy to go up 
the mountain. Soon after this, increased travel brought a demand for some 
place on the summit where visitors could pass the night, and Ethan constructed 
a stone cabin, near the large spring of water, and furnished it, first with a 
large supply of blankets and soft moss for beds, and afterwards with a small 
stove, an iron chest to hold the blankets, and a long roll of sheet lead, as a 
register of names of visitors. 

The first hotel on Mt Washington was the old Summit House, built in 1852 
by L. M. Rosebrook, N. R. Perkins, and J. S. Hall. The Tip-Top House was 
built in 1853, by John H. Spaulding and others. He was part owner of that 
and the Summit House, and conducted them for several years. The present 
Summit House was built in 1872. The old Summit House was torn down in 
the spring of 1884, to give place to a new building, used as lodging-rooms for 
the employes of the hotel. 

The first //'inter ascent of Mt Washington was made by Lucius Hartshorne, 
a deputy sheriff of Coos county, and B. F. Osgood, of Gorham, December 7, 
L858. John II. Spaulding, Franklin White, and C. C. Brooks, of Lancaster, 
made the ascent February 19, 1862, and were the first to spend the night on 
the mountain in winter. 

Th' carriage road from the Glen House to the summit of Mt Washington 
was begun in 1855, under the management of D. O. Macomber, C. H. V. 
Cavis being surveyor. The first four miles were finished the next year. 
Financial troubles stopped the work for a time, but the road was finally opened 
August 8, 1861. It is eight miles long, and has an average grade of twelve 
feet in lOO. The ascent is made by stages in four hours, and the descent in 
an hour and a half. 

100 History of Carroll County. 

The Glen Rouse, at the eastern base of Mt Washington, is fifteen miles 
north of Glen station, eight miles south of Gorham, and has a full and 
unobstructed view of the highest peaks of the Mt Washington range. Mt 
Washington is ascended from the Glen by the carriage road, eight miles long, 
(ilcn Ellis Falls, and Crystal Cascade, near the Glen, are two of the finest 
waterfalls in the mountain. Tuckerman's ravine is most easily reached from 
the Glen House. 

The Mt Washington railway was projected by Sylvester Marsh. The 
building of the road was begun in 1806, and finished in 1869. The ascent 
is made by the railway from the west side, and the carriage road from the east. 
The railroad is three miles long, and has an average rise of one foot in four, 
the steepest being thirteen and one-half inches to the yard. The grade is 
overcome by means of cog-wheels working in a cog-rail in the centre of the 
track, and powerful brakes on engines and cars insure safety. No passenger 
has been injured since the road was opened. The running time is one and 
one-half hours, and only one car is run with each engine. 

Mountain Tragedies. — The destruction of the Willey family by a landslide 
in the White Mountain Notch occurred August 28, 1826. Frederick Strick- 
land, an Englishman, perished in the Ammonoosuc ravine in October, 1851. 
Miss Lizzie Bourne, of Kennebunk, Maine, perished on the Glen bridle-path, near 
the summit, on the night of September 14, 1855. Dr B. L. Ball was lost on 
Mt Washington in October, 1855, in a snowstorm, but he was rescued after 
a two days' and nights' exposure without food or sleep. Benjamin Chandler, 
of Delaware, perished near Chandler's Peak, half a mile from the top of Mt 
Washington, August 7. 1856, in a storm, and his remains were not discovered 
for nearly a year. Harry W. Hunter, of Pittsburgh, Pa, perished on the 
Crawford bridle-path September 3, 1874, a mile from the summit. His 
remains were found nearly six years later, July 14, 1880. On the north 
side of Cherry mountain occurred the noted landslide of July 10, 1885. 
This was the largest slide ever known in the mountains. Donald Walker 
was the only one who lost his life. July 24, 1886, the great snow arch in 
Tuckerman's ravine fell, and instantly killed Sewall Faunce, of Boston. 

The first number of Among the Clouds, the first daily newspaper published 
in the White Mountains, and the only one printed on any mountain in the 
world, was issued July 18, 1877, by Henry M. Burt, of Springfield, Mass. 
The paper records much that pertains to the exploration of the White Hills 
and the development of its unexplored resources. Almost every week some- 
thing worth preserving about the mountains is printed in its columns. It is 
indispensable to the enjoyment of those who reside for the season among the 
mountains. When the season is fairly open, Mr. Burt receives, by telegraph, 
the full list of the daily arrivals at the principal hotels in the mountains, and 
publishes it in the following issue. Two editions are published daily, one at 

Scenery, Attractions, Traditions and Lecknds. 101 

1 P.M. and one ;i( 5 A.m., each summer, from July to the close of the season. 
The afternoon edition contains the names of the arrivals on the morning train 
from Fabyan's, and on the stages from the Glen House. The publication office 
is the old Tip-Top House, nicely fitted up, ami equipped with a steam-engine 

and I loc cylinder press. 

The signal station at the summit was established in 1S70. Prof. J. H. 
Huntington, of the State Geological Survey, was at the head of the party that 
spent the first winter here. The building occupied, by the observers was erected 
in 1873. 

The Mi Washington Summit House, with nearly one hundred sleeping- 
rooms, is a commodious and comfortable hotel. 



Observation Points: — Copple Crown — Moose Mountain — "Tumble -Down Dick" — Mt 
Delight — Green .Mountain — Mt Prospect — Pocket Hill— Batson Hill — Trask's Hill — 
Wliiteface and Cotton Mountains — Ossipee Mountains — Mt Shaw — Ossipee Park — Whittier 
Peak — Uncle Tom's Hill— Red Hill — Mt Israel — Sandwich Dome — Mt Whitefaee — 
Passaconaway — The Potash — Mt Paugus — Mt Wonalancet — Mt Chocorua — Apostrophe 
to Chocorua — Gow Hill — Bear Mountain — Table Mountain — Mote Mountain — Eagle and 
White-horse Ledges — Haystack Mountain — Cathedral Ledge — Devil's Den — Mt Attitash — 
Conway's Green Hills — Mt Kearsarge — Thorn Mountain — Iron Mountain — Double-head — 
Spruce, Black, and Sable Mountains — Baldface — Lyman, Glines, and Cragged Mountains. 

ClLTUIvED taste has ever admired the scenery of Carroll county. 
Mountain sublimity of such magnificent character as to bring the name 
of "Switzerland of America ;" long reaches of water prospects rivaling 
in beauty and artistic effects the Bay of Naples and the Gulf of Venice ; 
dream-like bits of pastoral gentleness and softness stretching away like dreams 
of the future, — these have been admired and praised and rehearsed in story 
and in song, and have stimulated the pencils and brushes of true artists from 
the dawn of civilization on this section down to the present. Hither came 
Dr Jeremy Belknap and President Dwight, of Yale College, in the latter part 
of the eighteenth century, forerunners of the great caravans of summer 
travelers which have annually, for many years, and in steadily increasing 
numbers, made their pilgrimages to the mountains and the lakes, the intervals 

102 History of Carroll County. 

and the pine-woods of this most richly endowed of counties. The pure 
balsamic air, the crystal water, the gorgeous atmospheric effects and colorings, 
add their potent charms to the other beguiling influences, and " who comes 
once will come again," and again, and again. So it is that the scenery is a 
great economic factor in the material as well as immaterial wealth of the 
county, and a somewhat minute account of many things that go to make the 
sum total of the quite elastic expression scenery will be in order in a work 
of this character. First and most prominent are the mountains ; not those 
superior ones of the Presidential range, but the many peaks of less elevation 
which add to the beauty of the prospect in various parts of the county, and 
also serve as desirable points of observation. 

Copple Crown (Brookfield), seen from afar, is a moderate peak with long 
and gradual slopes on its sides. It is not difficult of ascent from Wolfe- 
borough, and furnishes a most lovely view of Lake Winnipiseogee and 
surroundings. Thirty other of the lovely lakes dotting the country here- 
abouts can be seen from its summit, 2,100 feet above the sea. From twenty 
to twenty-five miles of a most lovely landscape are here at the command of 
any one for very slight exertion. 

Moose Mountain, in the south of Brookfield, is attractive in its way. 
" Tumble-Down Dick" one mile north of Copple Crown, is a high hill easily 
accessible, and takes its name from a picturesque cliff on one side, where 
a blind horse, "Dick," is said to have "tumbled down." An Indian legend 
is said to exist concerning the name and its origin. 

Mt Deli<jlit, further north, well deserves its name. 

Green Mountain (Effingham ) is a prominent object, as it is higher than the 
Ossipee mountains (2,500 feet), and furnishes an extended and magnificent 
view. It was originally known as " Seven Mountain." The shape of the 
range has been compared to Red Hill, yet its dimensions are larger, with a base 
about four miles in length. The ascent is made from Effingham Falls, and from 
Drakesville on the south side. A small hotel, burned about 186(>, was erected 
on the top. On the east flank of the mountain is a deep, cavernous hole in 
which snow remains nearly all the year. 

Mount Prospect has rocky sides and summit, and although of inferior 
elevation will well repay a visit. It is northeast of Green mountain. 

Pocket Hill, 1,000 ft altitude, is in the southeast part of Ossipee. A finer 
view is given from it than from many higher elevations. 

Batson Hill, Trash's Hill, Whiteface, and Cotton mountains are minor 
elevations in Wolfeborough affording fine views. 

The Ossipee Mountains cover an area of about sixty square miles, and 
are a, great addition to the scenery of the county. From every side they are 
beautiful as salient points in the view, while from their slopes and summits 
wonderful panoramas of beauty stretch out in various directions. Most of the 


peaks art 1 , however, covered by a dense growth of birch, spruce, Larch, etc. 
Seen from the While Mountains the Ossipees stretch oul like a long blue wall. 
Although of primitive rock, the hills of this range arc smooth and round, with 
sides capable of cultivation t * » the top. The main range runs north and south, 
terminating al thenorthin Black Snout (Mt Shaw) at the corners of Tamworth, 
Sandwich, and Moultonborough. From this range long spins run to the east, 
which are intersected by Lovewell's river and two branches of Bear Camp river. 

Mount Shaw, in the southeast portion of the Ossipee mountains, was 
formerly called Melvin Peak, and earlier, Black Snout. At their annual 
town-meeting in 1882, the people of Moultonborough rechristened it in 
honor of P. F. Shaw, of Lowell, Mass, who had done much to improve, 
beantify, and make known the scenic attractions of this section. An 
observatory was erected on the top, the platform being located at exactly 
3,000 feet above the sea. The view of lake, mountain, and rural scenery 
presented from this was one of much more than ordinary beauty. A well-made 
path affords easy access to the summit, but the observatory has been taken 

Ossipee Park. — This lovely spot lias been created by the artistic taste of 
B. F. Shaw, developing and harmonizing art with nature. This estate is 750 
feet above Lake Winnipiseogee, and 1,233 above the sea. On a lawn of 
five acres fronting the lake is the Hall, a select house of entertainment. 
A mountain brook falls 250 feet in one mile, as it passes through the grounds, 
affording most exquisite cascades and natural beauties. 

Oxxipee Falls, or "Falls of Song," shoot down 35 feet over rough, black 
rock into a deep pool of great transparency. The width of the stream is here 
about 18 feet, and a tradition is preserved that John Chamberlain, who after- 
ward killed the great chief Paugus in the Pequawket fight where Captain 
Lovewell was killed, was fleeing from a band of Indians. They had almost 
reached him, and knew that he could not escape them, as the gulf of nearly 
twenty feet in width would be impassable. To their astonishment he made 
a lea}), cleared the chasm, and bounded away unharmed. His leading pursuer 
undertook the same feat, fell short, and was found a lifeless corpse at the 


Whittier Peak, a northern summit of the Ossipees, was given this name by 
M. F. Sweetser, the cultured editor of Osgood's ''White Mountain Guide.'* in 

h r of the venerable Quaker poet, whose gifted muse has so often snug of 

these mountains and the valley at its base. "It is composed of a succession 
of highly inclined ledges, ascending so continuously that tin' forest cannot 
obtain lodgment, and only a few small trees are scattered along the slope." 
It is easy of access, 1,000 feet above the sea, commands a rich and extensive 
view, and is near the north line of the town of Ossipee. "The crest is clear 
and sharp, formed by two low ramparts of rock, between which is a tiny giassy 

104 History of Carroll County. 

(hsipcc Mountain is (lie name applied to the high range on the northeast of 
the Ossipee range, and is often visited by tourists from West Ossipee and Bear 
Camp valley. 

Uncle Tom's Hill (Mqultonborough) presents a fine view of rich pastoral 
beauty, lovely lake scenery, and sweeping mountain conformations. 

Red Hill. — This is a noted and beautiful eminence, commanding a varied 
and enchanting prospect of Lake Winnipiseogee and the surrounding country, 
which Barstow describes thus: — 

Scarcely <a stone's throw from the summit is the little Lake Squam, its waters clear as 
crystal and sprinkled with green islands, some of them no wider than a small grass-plot, 
some spreading out into fields and pastures, with hills that send forth man} r a rivulet into the 
bosom of the lake. Ascending towards the summit of the mountain, the trees appear slender 
and graceful, and seem to stand for ornament amidst the blueberry and sweetfern, which bear 
their fruit and fragrance almost to the mountain's top. The traveler daily and hourly 
discovers some new attraction in these sweet abodes of nature. To-day a clear atmosphere 
presents a change of hue, and flings over all a new enchantment. 

Nothing can exceed the splendor of sunrise on this mountain, in a calm summer's morning. 
The stillness of the place, the placid serenity of Winnipiseogee, the vai-ying positions of 
objects, as the morning mists rise, and change, and pass before the sun, now brooding low on 
the waters, now sailing slowly over the islands, and wreathed in ever-varied forms around 
their green promontories, — these and other features present a view abounding in wild beauty 
which exists where art has not usurped dominion over nature. Here some bright basin is 
seen to gleam, and anon the eye catches some islet, half-veiled in mist and reddening with 
the first blush of morning. Sometimes, by a pleasing delusion, the clouds become stationary, 
and the island seems to move and to be slowly receding from the veil of mist. The eye dwells 
with delight on the villages of the wide country and the hundreds of farms and orchards 
which adorn the whole extent of the landscape. The fertile islands of the lake are scattered, 
and when clothed in the deep green of summer, or waving with luxuriant harvest, they 
appear like floating gardens mirrored in the waters. The hills and woods, the shores and 
eddies, the coves and green recesses, the farms and houses, sometimes retiring from the 
waters, sometimes approaching to the margin of the lake, all form a picture for the lover of 
nature to gaze upon with delight. Italian, Alpine, or Highland scenery can hardly surpass 
this magnificent view. 

Mount Israel, 2,880 feet, is northwest of Centre Sandwich, and is composed 
largely of ledges of a high inclination. The United States Coast Survey has a 
post of observation here. From Mt Israel is given one of the most lovely of 
views, including as it does the ever-beautiful Squam lake on the south, or 
rather, west of south, and Winnipiseogee on the southeast. 

Sandwich Dome, lying partially in the west part of Sandwich, has long been 
popularly called " Black Mountain." As this possesses no individuality, the 
later name has been generally accepted. Its flattened dome rises 4,000 feet 
above the sea. On its topmost crest stands a beacon marking it as a station 
of the United States Coast Survey. The long upper ridges are bare of trees, 
and swell into minor elevations, between which are stony levels and tangled 
thickets. " From its position in regard to the White and Franconia mountains 
and the level stretches of the lake country, Sandwich Dome commands one of 

Soenbbt, Attractions, Traditions and Legends. 105 

the grandest and mosl fascinating panoramas in New England." The ascenl 
is not easily made, but the prospect well rewards the Labor. 

Mount WTiiteface takes its name from the white rocks on its southern Bide, 
marking the track of a great landslide which look the earthy covering down 
into the valley in 1820. All the other sides are dark with foliage of the dense 
woods thai cover them. Lumbermen are now removing the birch and spruce, 
and their roads will aid the traveler in his ascent. Whitel'ace is one of the 
principal peaks of the Sandwich ranee, having an elevation of 4,007 feet at 
the United States ('oast Survey station. Beyond and above this, the mountain 
rises from lf>0 to 200 feet, reaching probably a height of 4,175 feet. The new 
from the summit, which hears a huge pile of great white stones, is of un- 
surpassed beauty even among mountain prospects. Parties sometimes camp 
overnight on the summit, where water and wood are easily obtained, to enjoy 
its charming sunrise and sunset views. 

Passaconaway, one mile and a half northeast of WTiiteface, is connected 
with it by a high ridge. It preserves the memory of the most venerated of 
the old Indian chieftains of New Hampshire, and its finely modeled dome 
attracts attention from every point of observation. It towers above Whiteface 
and Chocorua, "remote, inaccessible, silent, and lone." Thick woods cover 
it to the summit and tourists do not frequently ascend it. 

The Potash, near the foot of Passaconaway, is easily ascended, and affords 
a fine view to the north and northeast. The white granite of which the top 
of this mountain is composed attracts attention to it from a long distance. 

Mo/mf Paugus commemorates the gallant chief of the Pequawkets who fell 
in Lovewell's fight. It lies, low and massive, between Passaconaway and 
Chocorua. It formerly was called various names, such as Hunchback, Deer, 
Frog, Middle, Berry, and Bald. 

Mount Wonalancet, thus christened by Lucy Larcom, commemorates the 
son of Passaconaway, who succeeded him as bashaba of the confederated 
Indian tribes. Wonalancet is a small, well-formed cone southwest of Paugus. 

Mount Chocorua, grandest of New England mountains after the Presidential 
range, and in many ways superior to them. No other peak has been so sung 
in song, celebrated in legend and story, or, from its form, would attract such 
quick attention. Starr King fairly revels in delight as he pours out expression 
after expression, never tiring or halting in the artistic enthusiasm called forth 
by this grim citadel of nature. "It is everything that a New Hampshire 
mountain should be. It bears the name of an Indian chief. It is invested 
With traditional and poetic interest. In form it is massive and symmetrical. 
The forests of its lower slopes are crowned with rock that is sculptured into a 
peak with lines full of haughty energy, in whose gorges huge shadows are 
entrapped, and whose cliffs blaze with morning gold." 

Chocorua stands on the site of one of those islands of porphyritic gneiss 

106 History of Carroll County. 

which was the first dry land in this stale, shooting up from the ocean and 
forming the base of all our geologic history. The present peak is but the 
pigmy remains of the mighty shaft that towered here before the glacier drift, 
but it now lias a sternness and a grandeur which gives a witchery to the 
ascent. The view from Chocorna is one of the noblest seen in New England, 
rivaling that from Mt Washington, Kearsarge, Carrigain, and, to many, is 
unsurpassed anywhere. 

Encircled by rare scenery, with a beautiful lake of sylvan loveliness at its 
base, where immense pines tower in dark-green splendor, Chocorua, in its lonely 
solitude and exquisite quietude, possesses peculiar elements of attraction. 
Seen from Tarn worth, the mountain presents a green ridge surmounted by one 
of white, both stretching eastward ; between these a deep ravine, along which 
a path leads up to the summit. Above, the whole zone of the upper mountain 
is bare to desolation; nothing growing except in the hollows between the lower 
peaks. Many years ago the enormous conical crag was marred and torn by 
lierhtninff, and but a few charred trunks remained from the fire thus kindled in 
its gigantic primeval forest. 

Various versions of the death of the mysterious chieftain from whom the 
mountain derives its name, and of the legends connected with the peak and 
lake, will be found in another chapter. The venerable Joseph Oilman, of 
Tamworth, says he used often to converse with an old settler who knew 
Chocorua well. He was a real person, and not a mere myth. 


Thou lone and shattered column ! Thou dost stand 
In mournful grandeur gazing o'er the land ; 
A gloomy past behind thee ; and before, 
In distance vast, the sullen surges roar. 
Tby silence and thy aspect correspond, 
And indicate a weird and ghostly bond, 
Whereby thy stern black peak feels human woe, 
Thy lava veins with human passions flow. 

The mountains in the west have thrust thee out 
From their companionship, and all about 
They keep a solemn watch that thou dost stay 
An exile from their grim and awful company. 
For what fell deed or what mysterious crime 
Did these huge forms call thee to court sublime? 
Didst thou above them daringly aspire 
And first receive the lightning's lurid fire ? 

No answer comes. Chocorua silent stands 

Forever gazing out across the lands 

Where once the Indian chieftain roved 

Wbo gave it name, and its stern wildness loved. 

106 History of Carroll County. 

which was the first dry land in this state, shooting up from the ocean and 
forming the base of all our geologic history. The present peak is but the 
pigmy remains of the mighty shaft that towered here before the glacier drift, 
but it now has a sternness and a grandeur which gives a witchery to the 
ascent. The view from Chocorua is one of the noblest seen in New England, 
rivaling that from Mt Washington, Kearsarge, Carrigain, and, to many, is 
unsurpassed anywhere. 

Encircled by rare scenery, with a beautiful lake of sylvan loveliness at 
base, where immense pines tower in dark-green splendor, Chocorua, in its 1< 
solitude and exquisite quietude, possesses peculiar elements of attr 
Seen from Tamworth, the mountain presents a green ridge surmounted 
of white, both stretching eastward ; between these a deep ravine, 
a path leads up to the summit. Above, the whole zone of the upj 
is bare to desolation ; nothing growing except in the hollows betwe 
peaks. Many years ago the enormous conical crag was marred . 
lightning, and but a few charred trunks remained from the fire thus 
its gigantic primeval forest. 

Various versions of the death of the mysterious chieftain from whom th 
mountain derives its name, and of the legends connected with the peak and 
lake, will be found in another chapter. The venerable Joseph Gilman, of 
Tamworth, says he used often to converse with an old settler who knew 
Chocorua well. He was a real person, and not a mere myth. 


Thou lone and shattered column ! Thou dost stand 
In mournful grandeur gazing o'er the land ; 
A gloomy past behind thee ; and before, 
In distance vast, the sullen surges roar. 
Thy silence and thy aspect correspond, 
And indicate a weird and ghostly bond, 
Whereby thy stern black peak feels human woe, 
Thy lava veins with human passions ilow. 

The mountains in the west have thrust thee out 
From their companionship, and all about 
They keep a solemn watch that thou dost stay 
An exile from their grim and awful company. 
For what fell deed or what mysterious crime 
Did these huge forms call thee to court sublime? 
Didst thou above them daringly aspire 
And first receive the lightning's lurid fire ? 

No answer comes. Chocorua silent stands 

Forever gazing out across the lands 

Where once the Indian chieftain roved 

Who gave it name, and its stern wildness loved. 





Grow Mill, the site of the first settlement in Madison, is a minor elevation 
famishing an admirable view. 

Bnir Mountain is a long lino of heavy ridges in Albany and Bartlett, 
between Swift and Saco rivers. The height is probably 3,000 Eeet. It is 

a wild section of heavy forests, and few haw ventured to ascend the height. 
Those who do this will obtain, in line weather, a magnificenl view of Mi 
Washington and surrounding peaks. It is best reached from Upper Bartlett. 

Table Mountain, a level, wooded elevation, lies between Hear and Mote 

Mote (Moat) Mountain is about three miles long, with a north and a south 
[icak of considerable altitude, connected by a ridge along which are several 
rocky elevations. The north peak is 3,170 feet high, the south 2,740, Red-ridge 
peak 2,760, Bear-ridge peak 2,790. The west spur of the mountain consists 
of four peaks about 2,900 feet high. This mountain is geologically the newest 
one of the White Mountains. Its base is surrounded by half-detached hills 
with steep rocky sides, and from their fanciful appearances the}* have acquired 
peculiar cognomens. On the south are Eagle ledge and Haystack; on the 
east, on the Conway line, are White-horse and Cathedral ledges. These 
last are singular and regularly arching cliffs facing North Conway village. 
The White-horse bears a very curious resemblance to a white horse in the 
act of rearing. This is occasioned by the intrusion of white rock iu the 
face of the ledge. This ledge is 960 feet in height. The Cathedral is just 
north of the last, and is 700 feet high. It receives its name from a curious 
rock cavity 100 feet above the meadows at the foot. This cave is about sixty 
feet high and forty feet in length. The arched roof sweeps up with the grace 
and regular curvature of a model Gothic cathedral of the Middle Ages. 

The DeviVs Den, in the lower part of the same cliff, is formed by a huge 
piece of the face of the rock falling upon other detached fragments in such 
a way as to leave an opening large enough for fifty persons. A ponderous 
mass divides the cavern into two parts — one light, airy, and spacious, the 
other gloom)- and contracted. 

Mount Attitash is the name applied to the tall north spur of Mote mountain, 
from which Humphrey's ledge is projected into the Saco valley. The name is 
given from its luxuriant growth of blueberries, which the Indians called 
"attitash." J 

Conway's Green Hills need no description at our hands, for tourists and 
summer tamers in the Saco valley have climbed them for the past eighty 
years, and admired the loveliness of the scene presented, and the wonderful 
gradations and exhibitions of color in the air and foliage. They cover 
an area of near sixteen square miles, and show eight well-defined summits, 
the highest one reaching to 2,-390 feet above the sea. The view from Artist's 
Hill has elicited much praise. Higher than this rises Peaked mountain, a 

108 History of Carroll County. 

narrow ridge of rocks and a fine view-point. Black-head, or Black-cap, the 
highest of the peaks, is not a good point of observation. Green and 
Rattlesnake mountains are names given to other peaks. Middle mountain 
is the pleasantest peak to visit, as a walk of little more than a mile from 
North Conway brings one to the top. An extended view of great 
attractiveness is here spread out. 

Mount Kearsarge ( Kiarsarge), or Pequawket, is yearly visited by thousands 
of people. Its form is a sharp, symmetrical cone, rising to 3,251 feet above the 
sea. Starr King called it the " queenly mountain," and wished to name it 
" Martha Washington." The view is but little inferior to that from Mt 
Washington, and equals airy mountain of its altitude in New England. 
The United States sloop-of-war "Kearsarge," which sunk the Confederate 
steamer " Alabama " in the Great Rebellion, took its name from this mountain. 

Thorn Mountain (Bartlett) is a high and rocky knoll at the south end of 
the ridge on which Tin mountain is located. It is one of the easiest ascents to 
make, and the view is splendid from its top. 

Range after range sublimely piled on high, 
Yon lofty mountains prop the incumbent sky. 
Such countless tops ascend, so vast the heap, 
As if when gushed the deluge from the deep, 
The rushing torrents wrecked the guilty world, 
And all the rocky fragments thither whirl'd. 

Iron Mountain (formerly Bald or Bald-face) is in the northwest part of 
Bartlett and southeast part of Jackson. It is a heavy, low eminence, 
containing immense bodies of iron of rich commercial value. The State 
Geological survey made its height 2,000 feet. It commands a fine view 
of the Presidential range. 

Double-head is the name given to two flat-topped peaks in the east part of 
Jackson from the earliest days. A fine prospect is presented to those who take 
the trouble to make the somewhat difficult ascent. 

Sprwe mountain is the summit of the low range called Eagle mountains 
from the number of eagles that formerly frequented them. 

Black and Sable mountains, also in Jackson, present fine views. Wild 
Cat (Hight's) and Carter's mountains are classed with Jackson scenery in 
the guide-books, and are partially in that town. 

Boldface (Chatham) is a frowning mountain 3,600 feet high, so called 
from the white character of the fine-grained rock forming its upper portion. 
Connected with this on the west is "Mount Sable," spoken of above, and 
Mts Eastman and Slope on the southeast. Mt Eastman was covered with 
forests, on which lumbermen are rapidly at work. It is about 3,000 feet in 

Scenery, Attractions, Traditions and Legends. L09 

Lyman, Gl'mcx, and Qragged mountains lie on the western side of Eaton, 
are of inferior elevation, with views of considerable merit, but nol to be 
compared to many of the others we have mentioned. 

One of the mountains of Albany was named a few years since ffibbard 
mountain in honor of .Judge E. A. Hibbard, of Laconia. It is the second 
elevation east of Passaconaway, and is 3,200 feet high. 

These are the chief observation points outside of the White Mountain 
Notch, the scenery of which is noted elsewhere in this volume. We have 
described hut one or two of the prospects afforded from these eminences, 
as this belongs more appropriately to the guide-books, among which Osgood's 
and Eastman's stand in the front rank, giving full information. 




Character of First Settlers — Lake Winnipiseogee — Squam Lake — Squaw Cove — 
Sandwich Notch — Chocorua — Paugus. 

WE of to-day have little comprehension of the first settlers. Strong, 
Long-limbed, stalwart, and vigorous, they were for the most part men 
of physical prowess and activity, but unlearned, and mere children in 
all that appertained to intellectual culture and attainments. They had been 
reared in an atmosphere clouded with witchcraft, in a period when learned 
ministers of the gospel believed in visible appearances of Satan and his 
messengers, and accounted for all matters apparently mysterious by the direct 
intervention of the devil, who, to their abnormal imaginations, possessed vastly 
more power than all the hosts of heaven. The old hunters were men of 
credulous superstition, and around each locality of the new country lingered 
weird legends of the Indian occupancy, which found congenial resting-places 
in the wondering minds of the new inhabitants. ( )f a truth, these were as true 
children of nature as those aborigines whose dwelling-places they occupied, 
and along whose trails they chased the bear and moose. "They were simple 
and open as children, yet with the depth and strength n\' men. Nature had as 
yet no name to them. To these wild, deep-hearted men all was aew, not 
veiled under names or formulas; it stood naked, Hashing in on them there, 

110 History of Carroll County. 

beautiful, awful, unspeakable." Nature was to them what to the thinker 
and prophet it forever is, preier-natural. And so, mingled with their belief in 
their Bible and its appearances of spirits and devils, were their beliefs in the 
spirits around them, malignant and friendly, in the evil eye and the powers of 
witchcraft, and they clung to them with the earnestness of the martyrs of the 
early Christian era; to them they were eternal verities and actualities. 

Remembering this, we will here, associated with scenery and attractions, 
transcribe some of the legends handed down from their day, and although we 
may smile at them from the sublime heights of our critical and philosophical 
wisdom, let us treat them tenderly as valuable pictures of the mental moods 
and characters of those who carved the way for us to walk in to-day. 

The Winnipiseogee Lake District. — This consists largely of the 
hydrographic basin of Winnipiseogee lake, with sandy plains carrying the 
tributaries of the Saco. It is normally a plain with four isolated mountain 
masses imposed upon it. These are the Gunstock and Belknap mountains, 
Red hill, Ossipee mountains, and Green mountain in Effingham. All of these 
mountains are composed of igneous material, which seems to have been poured 
out over an uneven floor deposited in the Montalban period. This hydrographic 
basin comprises about three hundred and fifty square miles. Its farthest points 
are nowhere more than seven miles distant from the lake, while the height of 
the divide separating it from the Cocheco valley is only seventy-two feet at the 
lowest place. The hills around the lake are steeper than is common in other 
parts of New Hampshire. 

Lake Winnipiseogee lies in Belknap and Carroll counties, is quite irregular 
in form, nineteen miles long, with a breadth of from one to eight and one- 
fourth miles. According to the Lake Company's surve} r , there are 267 islands, 
ten of them exceeding one hundred acres in area, some thickly settled, with 
productive farms. The area of the lake, exclusive of its islands, is sixty-nine 
and eight-tenths square miles. By the Lake Company's dam at the outlet of 
the lake, a depth of six feet is made available in dry seasons for the use of 
manufacturing companies below. The top of this dam is 502 feet above tide- 
water. The lake forms a valuable economic factor in the prosperity of the 
whole state, as it is a natural reservoir of stored power for the millions of 
spindles along the Merrimack. 

Winnipiseogee is quite irregular in outline. Its general course is south, 
25° east, with several long bays or arms. The broken shore-line trends in 
various directions, enclosing broad expanses of water among its numerous 
islands. There are two parts which are locally called " The Broads." From 
Centre Harbor there is a straight waterway of nearly twenty miles. "The 
Broads " merging with each other in the middle of the lake, with the long 
bays and smaller coves spreading irregularly on all sides, cause the map or 
view of the lake to suggest a huge crab with broad back and long and short 

Scenery, Attractions, Traditions am. Legends. 111 

daws. There are three greal bays. Northwesl Cove, or Meredith bay, is on 
the west side; Moulton borough bay, on the east or " back " side, is larger than 
some lakes; Merry Meeting, or Alton, bay, is the extreme southeastern part of 
the Lake. 

Lake Winnipiseogee, according to modern philologists, takes its name from 
the Algonquin words winne, beautiful, nipi, water, kees, high, auke, place. The 
[ndian pronunciation, in their deep guttural and strong nasal tones would be: 
merely, " whin-nip-ee-soog-kwa." According to B. I). Eastman, a competent 
authority in the signification of Algonquin words, the host translation of the 
words would be, "Good water with large pour-out place," or, "with abundant 
outlet.*' This would appear to be more in harmony with fact than either "The 
beautiful water of the high place," or "The smile of the Great Spirit." 

To the Indian this lake was a much-traveled thoroughfare in winter, and in 
summer a granary affording him easily acquired food, while the rich laud 
along its shore, cultivated by the squaws, provided corn and beans for 
his sustenance when fish and game were scarce. It was a neutral ground, 
on and around which met and congregated the aborigines as do the whites 
of this generation. It is generally shallow, while islands of varying size 
and appearance, from wild, gloomy-foliaged Rattlesnake, to sharp, jutting 
rocks just large enough to furnish room for a small cottage or tent, clot its 

Under the shimmering summer sun some of these lie like bits of tropic 
scenery with their towering forest trees, wild in matted and tangled under- 
growth, and great moss-covered rocks on which golden and black rattlesnakes 
bask in the glowing heat; on the largest of others are farms of excellent and 
highly cultivated land; others, long since cleared, are used solely for pasturage, 
and herds of cattle and sheep are finely kept on them; others are used as 
resorts of picnic and excursion parties, which come from near and far to 
worship nature in one of her loveliest temples ; others are the summer resort 
of loons, ducks, geese, herons, and other wild fowl. 

In early days, when their progress was unimpeded, salmon and shad came up 
the Merrimack until they reached the mouth of Winnipiseogee river, when 
they would separate, the salmon going up the Pemigewasset, and the shad up 
the Winnipiseogee to the lake, where they swarmed in countless myriads. 
Many were caught in the " ah-que-dau-ken-ash " or weirs made by the Indians 
at the foot of the lake. The shad are here no longer, hut lake-trout, pickerel, 
ciisk, perch, are present in large quantities. The trout ranges in weight from 
three to thirty pounds, but the pickerel is the most numerous and most 
valuable of the lake fishes. 

For its size, Winnipiseogee has an extremely limited watershed, and it 
has been considered a wonder that it could maintain so steadily its maximum 
depth. No stream of any magnitude finds its way into it, while it discharges 

112 History of Carroll County. 

an important river, and constantly maintains full banks. The steady flow of 
its waters evidently comes from powerful and numerous springs boiling up 
from its bottom. Its depth was measured by the Lake Company when the 
survey was made. The deepest place was off the east shore of Rattlesnake 
island, opposite to its southern and lowest peak. Here it was over 200 feet 
deep. Between Rattlesnake and Diamond islands soundings were made with 
Imi! torn at 190 feet : opposite Fort and Gerrish points in Alton bay, 100 feet; 
in "The Broads'" between Rattlesnake and Cow islands, from 100 to 150 feet; 
between Cow island and Centre Harbor from 50 to 75 feet. 

The pre-glacial outlets of the lake-basin were two: one along the present 
course of the Winnipiseogee river, and one from Alton bay southeast toward 
Cocheco river. Both of them are partially filled with till, or modified drift ; 
yet it is certain that if these were fully removed, a large portion of the lake 
would remain, bordered by rock on all its sides. 

The beauty of Winnipiseogee lake is owing to its multitude of irregularly 
grouped islands, to the three long bays or arms into which its north end is 
divided, and to the winding outlines of its shores. The watershed which 
bounds its basin reaches no point more than seven miles distant from the lake. 
It passes over Belknap, Copple Crown, and Ossipee mountains and Red hill, 
which rise from 1,500 to 1,900 feet above the lake ; but its other highest points 
are hills of half tins height, or less, which descend steeply to the west and 
south shores, but have more gentle slopes on the east and north. Somewhat 
farther distant, at the north, the view from Winnipiseogee embraces Chocorua, 
Paugus, Passaconaway, Whiteface, and Sandwich Dome, which form the 
southern front of the White Mountains ; and from many parts Mt AVash- 
ington is also visible. To know this scenery fully, the lake must also be seen 
from the mountains and hills by which it is environed. The most magnificent 
of these views is that from Red hill, which overlooks both Winnipiseogee and 
Squam lakes. 

The scenery on the shores of this lake has been celebrated in song and 
afforded rich material for the artist. The lake itself more than realizes 
Walter Scott's enthusiastic description of Loch Katrine. Its broad expanse of 
blue and limpid waters, dotted with fertile islands, is environed with a belt of 
luxuriant soil ; its far-stretching arms diversify with mimic promontory, creek, 
and bay, the country upon its borders ; on the right are the Ossipee mountains 
with their wood-crowned summits; to the left rise the twin domes of the 
Belknap peaks, and in front looms high the imposing Sandwich range ; these 
all combine to give splendor and grandeur to the view. When the green 
fields around this lake were the homes of savage tribes, when the Indian's 
canoe sprung unmolested over its bosom, and the smoke of his camping-fires 
curled above its beautful islands, his untutored imagination might readily haue 
looked upon this scene as the chosen residence of the " Great Spirit of Peace." 

Scenery, Attractions, Traditions and Legends. L13 

When one for the lirst time sails on Winnipiseogee's beautiful waters, these 
words of Buchanan Read's poem come involuntarily to mind: — 

My soul to-day 

Is far aw ay, 

Sailing the Vesuvian Bay ; 

My winged boat, 

A bird afloat, 

Swims round the purple peaks remote; — 

Round purple peaks 

1 1 Bails, and seeks 

Blue inlets and their crystal creeks, 

Where high rocks throw, 

Through deeps below, 

A duplicated golden glow. 

I heed not, if 

My rippling skill' 

Floats swift or slow from cliff to cliff; — 

With dreamful eyes 

My spirit lies 

I'nder the walls of Paradise. 

But there is no need to describe, or rather, attempt to describe, the fairy- 
like scenery of this most popular resort. The pens of the most gifted of 
European and American visitants have written of it in most mellifluous poesy 
and vivid and speaking prose, while artists have used their pencils and brushes 
and brightest colorings to portray its kaleidoscopic loveliness. But all in vain ! 
No word of printed page or written scroll, no sketch-book or square of canvas, 
ever held its witching, soft, immeasurable beauty. Far beyond the I>a\ of 
Naples, the lakes of Switzerland and Scotland, or the wondrous witcheries 
of far Cathay, does its almost supernatural beauty touch the heart of its 
beholder. A new existence belongs to that favored being. As panorama 
alter panorama of ever-changing, ever-shifting combinations of mountain, 
water, and sunlight glide by, the gates of the "spirit-land" seem to have 
rolled one side, and allowed its loveliness to escape — more rich, more rare, 
more celestial with each new combination. What wonder that even the wild, 
barbaric hearts of the savages were awestruck at its entrancing tenderness, 
which called up all tin; better elements in their nature, and in whispered 
accents called it "the smile of the Great Spirit"? 

Squam Lake — " The most beautiful Lake in New England." Its name in 
the Algonquin language was Wonne-assquam-auke^ " the beautiful-surrounded 
by water-place," according to some authorities; according to Judge C. E. Pot- 
ter, Kfex-re-hun/r-)iij>-ee, "the goose-lake of the highlands,'* contracted into 
Kusumpy by the English. Captain John Lovewell, in his journal under date 
February 10, 1724, says, "We travelled L6 miles & camped at the tenth side of 

114 History of Carroll County. 

Cusumpe pond." Captain Samuel Willard says, " 1725, Saturday, September 
25. . . . Followed y e Indians, and a little before we come to Cusumpy pond 
we found where fchey broke one Canoe & coming to y e pond could follow 
them noe further." Jeffrey's map, 1755, says "Kusumpe;" Blanchard's map, 
1761, and Holland's map, 1784, "Cusumpy Pond;" the latter adds, however, 
"Squam Lake." Belknap's map, 1791, and Carrigain's map, 1816, call it 
"Squam." Farmer and Moore's " N. H. Gazetteer," 1823, calls it "Sullivan 
or Squam lake." Among the many poetic inspirations caused by this lovely 
sheet none breathe its restful quiet in a higher degree than this gem written by 
Judge D. H. Hill. 


A peaceful lake, by frowning woods o'erhung, 

Sleeps like bright waters among Alpine hills: 

No voice is heard, nor lisp of human tongue, 

Nor sound, save gentle moan of purling rills; 

'T is far away, beyond the purple mountains, 

Beyond the sunset clouds of golden hue; 

Far in the west among the crystal fountains 

That gush from earth to smile 'neath skies of blue. 

When sinks the sun o'er wooded hills to rest, 

While golden radiance of the burning west 

Fades o'er the billows with the fading day ; 

When midnight lamps o'er moon-bright waters play, 

And crimson clouds, tinted with fiery hue, 

Look from the waveless depths to depths of blue; 

When myriad stars burn in the silent lake, 

While Hashing waters round dark islands break ; 

When gleaming wavelets at the set of sun 

Bask in his glories when his course is run; — 

As breaks the sweet, wild vision on the eye, 

We dream we roam in classic ltaty. 

Squaw Gove, on Squam lake, derives its name from a block of granite on 
one of its ledges that had the appearance of the figure of a woman. This 
block was removed some years since. The Indians invariably had a legend for 
everything that differed from ordinary nature, and of this block of granite 
they had this tradition. 

Many years ago, when the red man was lord of this soil, Waunega, an old 
chieftain, lived on the shore of this cove. The squaw of his early youth had 
long ago gone to the beautiful land beyond ; as time passed, he became lonely, 
and longed to have his wigwam once more made cheery by the pleasant voice 
of woman, and that woman he had seen and loved. The Princess Suneta, it 
was ; she was young, beautiful, and graceful as the deer which ran over the 
hills, and, withal, possessed a skill in housewifery surpassing the maidens in all 

Scenery, Attractions, Traditions am. Legends. L16 

the region. Her home was across the lake, and her father the proud sachem of 
an allied tribe. Suneta and Anonis, a young warrior, Loved each other, but her 
father's will was law; he favored his friend and ally, Waunega. 

So the marriage least was made ready, and after the dusky women and 
brave warriors had danced and feasted, Waunega and his bride, the beautiful 
but sad-hearted Suneta, rowed over the lake to her future home. But Anonis 
was not at the banquel ; the youth's heart was heavy with grief because Sun- 
eta was taken from him. That night there was a fearful storm. Waunega 
slept the sleep of old age, while the sorrowful Suneta lay sleepless, moaning 
over her fate and the loss of her lover: suddenly a hand toUched her face; a 
low. well-known voire whispered, "Come, the night is dark and stormy; my 
canoe is on the lake. My beloved. I cannot live without you; you are mine. 
Death awaits me to-night if I bear not my Suneta away in my arms." 
'•Anonis, my heart is yours, and for you only can I sweep the hearth, and 
welcome thy homecoming with the trophies of the hunt, and sing my sweetesl 
songs. Without thee, I cannot live. But listen to the storm! The Great 
Spirit is angry even now, and will punish me." "Thou art mine, ami I love 
you.'" answered Anonis. "Come to the strong arms, Suneta, which will ever 
protect you from all wrath." 

In the darkness the lovers lied to the shore, but the old chieftain, awakened 
by the noise of the storm, missed his bride, and seizing his strong bow and 
quiver, hastened out in search of Suneta. The storm grew wilder, the thunder 
rolled, the lightning Mashes became more vivid, and Waunega perceived the 
two lovers entering the canoe, and immediately discharged an arrow, when, 
with a loud cry, Anonis sank in the raging waves. Suneta reached a ledge, 
and looked up as if imploring the Great Spirit. But Waunega cried, " May 
the lightning blast her! Let the Manitou make of her an example to coming 
time!" His words were answered. Even as he spoke, there came a Hash and 
a peal of thunder that made; the mountains totter and the rocks tremble. 
Astounded at the effect of his words, Waunega plunged into the seething 
waters, and the proud old chieftain was seen no more at the council tires oi his 

The morning sun never shone on a fairer day than the morrow, but what a 
change! Od the rock where Suneta had clung had appeared the huge block 
of granite which gave the name to the cove. 

S, iii,I, rirh Notch. — • 

"Through Sandwich Notch the west wind sang 
Good-morrow to the cotter." 

This pass is 1,417 feet above the sea: there is a high, rugged road running 
through it from Sandwich to the Mad River valley, a distance of about ten 
miles. The best time for a drive through this notch is in the late autumn. 

116 History of Carroll County. 

when between the trees, bare of foliage, can be seen the rough rocks and wild 
chasms that seem to be lit hiding-places for fierce wolves, bears, and catamounts, 
and one momentarily expects to see one of these savage creatures leaping from 
his lair in pursuit of food for his insatiate appetite. But in this wild defile 
there is also a luxuriance of beauty rarely seen. In the rockiest part of this 
rugged pass, huge bowlders stand like impregnable fortresses to guard the way, 
with their tops covered with exquisite rock-ferns to such a depth and in such 
profusion and abundance that one is almost tempted to stop and spend the 
night on such a beautiful couch, with only the canopy of heaven above, were it 
not that the yawning rocks on either side are but too suggestive of what may 
be concealed in their deep gaps. 

Chocorua is well calculated for legendary attachments. One says that the 
chief whose name this lonely mountain bears, for some unknown crime, was 
banished to this region, and limited to a narrow strip of land extending from 
the Bear Camp across the mountain on to the Saco, death being the penalty of 
his leaving it without permission. Another tells us that he was an Indian 
chieftain of the Ossipees, who loved too well his native wilds to retreat with 
the most of his tribe to Canada after the famous Lovewell light, and with a few 
followers sought the fastnesses of the almost impenetrable wilderness around 
this mountain, which he held as a place of observation. Here rangers, desirous 
of gaining the blood-money offered by Massachusetts for Indian scalps, 
attacked them, killing all but the chief, who retreated to the top of the 
mountain, where he vainly pleaded his personal friendliness to the whites, 
and offered himself a prisoner. His pursuer was unmoved, the bounty was too 
tempting. Chocorua then, raising himself to his full height, called on the 
Great Manitou to curse the land in its occupancy by the whites, and leaped 
from the dizzy height to the plain below. 

The cattle of the settlers who came to the north side of the mountain for 
years died strangely and mysteriously, and Chocorua's curse was kept in mind 
as the cause thereof, until modern science found an excess of muriate of lime 
in the water of the valley, and saved further deaths by giving the afflicted 
animals soapsuds as a drink. 

Another story says that he was killed by a brother of two rangers who fell 
in Lovewell's defeat, as an act of personal vengeance. Still another, that of 
Lydia Maria Child, places his existence at a later period, and that he met his 
fate at the hands of an early settler, Cornelius Campbell, whose family he had 
murdered as the supposed assassins of his son. Another one still says that 
Chocorua went to Canada with most of the Ossipee and Pequawket Indians 
after the Lovewell fight, and returned in 1701 to seek revenge, and was shot 
on the mountain. 

The following poetic version, from the talented pen of a lifelong resident of 
Carroll, is of such a high standard of merit as to show that constant familiarity 

Scenery, Attuactions, Traditions and Legends. 117 

with the glorious scenery of the mountains does nol stultify the imagination 
nor render their beauties and grandeur commonplace. 



From the northerly confines of Carroll county, stretching toward Bethlehem 
from the lake region of New Hampshire into the dark bosom of the untraveled 
wilderness, is the mysterious mountain-land, shut in by everlasting barriers. 
There many hundred mountain summits vise into the cold, solemn spaces of 
h.aven, in a solitude as ancient as the memory of man. Seldom has the 
human voice been heard there, and only 

" Pale echo sits upon the voiceless mountains." 

The southerly chain of this system is the Sandwich range, commencing 
westerly with the Sandwich Dome, and extending to Chocorua as the great 
easterly terminal. Of all the mountains of the range, this is the most famous. 
1 1 stands far eastward from the other high peaks, weird and ghostly and grim in 
its solemn loneliness, as if defiant in its isolation ; as if, in some long-forgotten 
age, it had been cast out from the brotherhood of mountains. Some time the 
lightnings that have played round its brow have blasted its forest trees, or fires 
kindled by human hands have gnawed like "eternal hunger" on its sides, and 
many hundred feet of the high mountain walls have been laid bare ; only a vast 
tower of bald, gray granite rises into the grim solitude of the north. Here, 
according to tradition, was the Indian prophet's home, here was his " holy of 
holies,"* and here was the scene of his tragic death. 

The following poem was written for the "Poets of the Granite State," at 
the request of Bela Chapiu : — 

Sing me a song, a pleasing song, of the wild granite hills; 
Some weird old legend of the north, whose mystic romance thrills 
Both heart and brain, at thought of deeds that long ago had birth 
Among those ancient hills that stand like giant kings of earth. 

Sing of the buried treasures in the eastern desert caves; 

The wild bird's mournful burden, as he screams o'er Indian waves; 

The notes of desolation chant, heard in the desert land, 

Where in a gloomy silence still the moldering temples stand. 

'T is thine to trace the shadowy realms where holiest truths are wrought, 
And summon wild imaginings from the free world of thought i 
"r is thine to trace the welcome light, burst ing I hrough desert gloom. 
And hear the singing angels chant, 'mid silence of the tomb; — 

118 History of Carroll County. 

By outspread tranquil waters, 'neath the summer skies that sleep, 
In the lone glens and solemn groves, where whispering breezes creep, 
Deep in the aneient forest dark, 'mid awful forms and wild, 
Where Nature in a thousand shapes speaks to her chosen child; — 

Where far o'er mighty ocean's waste the traveler can descry 
Dark incense from the burning hills curl upward to the sky; 
Where war hounds and the vulture trace the conquering army's tread, 
And ghostly catacombs appear, homes of the ancient dead. 

Where'er the dews of genius fall, go to that pleasant clime, 
And mark the footprints — listen to the voices of old Time, 
And sing of the imperial hills; thy romance summon forth, 
And sing some mystic song of old, some legend of the north. 

Along the margins of the lakes, 
Among the northern hills that sleep, 
The wild bird's music scarcely breaks 
The silence that the waters keep, 
And twilight shadows gently creep 
Along the wild indented shore ; 
And over all the watery floor 
A mirrored surface softly shines : 
In its calm depth, the silent pines 
And the grim mountains seem to stand 
Like giant watchers o'er the land. 

Scarcely two centuries are gone, 
Since o'er that pleasant mountain-land, 
Where wild Chocorua's tower of stone 
Seems like an ancient king to stand ; 
The warriors of another race 
lake shadows roamed o'er lake and hill ; 
And now, as ancient legend says, 
Their conscious spirits roam there still, 
Guarding the lonely burial-place 
Where sleep the warriors of their race. 

'T is said that aneient legends show 

In the old ages long ago, 

During Charles Stuart's reign of blood, 

From seaside town oft wandered forth 

('Mong the dark forests of the north, 

Far in New Hampshire's deepest wood, 

Where rocky hills their vigils keep, 

And lakes round frowning mountains sleep) 

Proud spirits of bold Cromwell's band, 

Who left their homes and native land 

To seek some wilder, lonelier home 

Where Stuart's power might never come. 

By Burton's lake, whose waters lie 
In tranquil sleep, where cloud and sky 
And mount, and fiery sunset-gleam, 

Scenery, Attractions, Traditions and Legends. 119 

In depth ol' wayeless waters, 3eem 
Like visions wild in fleeting dream, 
Lived in i liai old historic day 
The prophet chief, < ihocorua. 

Declining day's last sunlighl fell 

< >Vr that wild region of i he north ; 
Westward, deep gorge and mighty dell, 
Whence mountain rivers issue forth, 

In the increasing darkness slept. 
The panther started from bis lair; 
The wolf from out his cavern crept ; 
'Mong tangled hemlocks lay the hear, 
Gorging himself in darkness there. 

On such an eve < Ihocorua stood 
On that lone height, "The Prophet's Home; 
Beneath him lay the unbounded wood, 
Deep gorge, where tumbling torrents foam. 
Towering aloft great Minden ' rose, 
The dark-browed monarch of the west, 
Stately and grand, in stern repose 
Lifting to heaven his wooded crest. 

On this wild scene the prophet gazed 
While daylighl deepened into night; 

When, on the Indian's vision, blazed, 
Beside the eastern lake, a light; 
\ single camp-fire shone afar 
Through the dark pines like evening's star, 
Lighting the sacred burial-place 
Where slept the heroes of his race. 

He knew it was no meteor lamp, 

As ofttimes flashes <>n the eye 

Amid the exhalations damp 

Where the low, misty moorlands lie; 

Strangers e'en now from eastern waves 

Were feasting by his fathers' graves, 

Who came from regions far away, 

To roam o'er sacred lands at will, 

By mountain, forest, lake, and hill, 

Nor recked where sleeping warriors lay. 

'T was a tier that historic day 

I When tidings o'er the sea were blown 

Thai Cromwell's power was passed away, 

And Stuart sat. on England's throne) 
That thronging o'er the Atlantic tide 

< 'ame fugitive and regicide 
From Albion's fairy isle, in quesl 
Of safety in the distant west . 

Bui messengers of kingly wrath, 

In sunless forests far away. 


120 History of Carroll County. 

Traced through dark woods the wanderer's path, 

Where streams down lonesome valleys play; 

Hunted through gloomy waste and wild, 

Driven through noisome fens to roam 

\\\\h Nature and her savage child, 

The hunted outcast found his home; 

In lonely vales his camp-fires burned, 

Then to remoter wilds he turned, 

To granite mountains, white and cold, 

Where ancient Indian legends told 

Once dwelt the Prophet-Kings of old. 

Leader of that Cromwellian band, 
Cornelius Campbell led them forth 
Over the vast, untrodden land, 
O'er mountain, vale, and barren sand, 
Back to the cold, enchanted north, 
Where Burton's ancient mountains rise, 
Where her pure, azure lakelet lies, 
And weird Chocorua meets the skies. 
O'er river, plain, and forest wide, 
With that bold leader came his bride; 
She came, capricious Nature's child, 
A priestess, to that desert wild ; 
As watch-fires on some lonely height 
Light the dark woods like sunset's smile, 
As star on ik Ethiop's brow of night " 
Gilds the dark waters of the Nile, 
So that young fairy of the woods 
Gladdened those savage solitudes. 

'T was on November's waning day, 

The sun in southern skies hung low, 

Pale light on dying woodlands lay, 

That northward stretched for leagues away, 

To glittering hills in wastes of snow. 

By Burton's lake " the prophet stood," 
While evening shadows gently fell 
O'er fading lake and darkening wood; 
When from a gloomy mountain dell 
Came the fierce panther's savage yell ; 
That strange, wild, piercing, awful cry 
Rose upward to the vaulted sky, 
Fearful as ncaring thunder's jar, 
Then died in mountain glens afar. 

Nearer, again, that awful cry 
Froze the quick blood with curdling chills; 
An hundred echoes made reply, 
Pealing along the northern hills. 

From out the dusk a stranger came ; 
The monster met him in his path 
With quivering limb and eyes of flame, 
Writhing in wild, terrilnc wrath. 

Soknkiiy, Attractions, Traditions am, Legends. 121 

Willi upraised arm the stranger spoke 
In Hash of fire and wreath of Bmoke; 
He spoke as the Great Spiril speaks 
In clouds bej ond the mountain peaks, 
When jagged, arrowy lightnings fly 
Through dark pavilions of the sky, 
Ami shuddering mountains make reply. 

Soon ebbed the monster's life away, 
And dead at I lampbell's feel he lay. 
Amazed the prophet stood, and saw 
The thrilling seene with solemn awe. 
Ami oft, in mountain solitudes, 
Wandering beneath the midnight sky, 
Met these stern tenants of the woods 
As uneventful years rolled by. 

Bui sorrow, anger, wrath, and gloom 

Were " -reeding in the days to come;" 

When from his kindred, friends, and home 

The prophel turned, alone to roam 

O'er howling wastes, and wandered forth 

Deep in the desolate, wild north, 

To visit tribes, remoter far, 

In realms beneath the northern star. 

His son, the child of many a prayer, 
His twilight star, his people's [.ride, 
(Trusted to Campbell's guardian care) 

Like a frail floweret drooped and died. 

With ancient kings his grave was made, 
And in the sombre hemlock shade, 
To dreamless sleep the hoy was laid. 
From mound where ancient sagamore 
Sleeps on the lonely, peaceful shore, 
A midnight wail rose to the sky ; 
Only bleak nature made reply; 
Its burden all the forest, stirred; 
Such bitter, grieving, anguished cry 
As once from mourning Kama heard. 

As one whose farewell glance is cast 
To graves where sleep the kindred dead, 
Turning from tender memories past 
And sacred joys, forever lied, 
Invokes the God of heaven and earth 
To give some new creation birth, 
Some consecration, that may rise 
From the crushed heart that bleeding lies, 

So. from that lowly, sacred tomb, 
The prophet turned back to the gloom 
And cold, Strange mystery of night. 
The heavens, in starry silence bright, 
"Over the empty spaces" hung; 

122 History of Carroll County. 

Nor breath of heaven, nor human tongue, 

Nor aught the solemn silence stirred, 

Save midnight wail of forest bird, 

Or lordly river, gliding slow 

Through ancient woods with peaceful flow. 

No passion darker or more fell, 
Within the human breast e'er burned ; 
Nor lit with blacker fires of hell, 
Than in that breast for vengeance yearned, 
As, in his wild, bewildered brain, 
Gradual the awful thought had birth, 
' By Campbell's hand his boy was slain : 
His race was stricken from the earth." 
'T was midnight's hour of holy rest ; 
He saw the stars sink' down the sky 
Beyond the mountains of the west, 
And cold, bright meteors gliding by, 
And ghostly mountains towering high. 
The glorious pageant of the hour 
Gave his mad brain intenser power. 

Where Burton's ghostly mountain throws 
His gloomy shade at day's calm close, 
A streamlet plays, with gentle moan, 
Down from Chocorua's heart of stone ; 
And weird shapes, with avenging frown, 
From dizzy mountain heights look down; 
And where that gentle streamlet plays, 
Among those rocky solitudes, 
'Mid sylvan scenes, in other days, 
Cornelius Campbell's cottage stood. 

His bride, the beautiful and young, 
(Like some rich gem of purest ray, 
Idly by jeweled fingers flung 
To gloomy ocean depths away), 
Was the bright star, the constant light, 
That beamed on that wild desert land; 
None walked the earth in purer white; 
None wielded power with gentler hand. 

O'er his rude empire of the north 

Cornelius Campbell wandered forth. 

At eve of that eventful day, 

His wife and child all ghastly lay 

In the long, dread, appalling, deep 

Silence of the eternal sleep ! 

He knew the tierce avenger's brand ; 

He knew what dread destroyer's hand 

Had placed Death's seal on Beauty's brow; 

Only grim vengeance nerved him now. 

Saw ye Chocorua's cold, gray height 
Radiant in gold at set of sun? 

Scknkky, Attractions, Traditions and Legends. L28 

Know ye at morn's returning light, 
What tlftils <>!' darkness had been done 
Beneath the holy stars of oighl ? 

The sun, adown the golden west, 

O'er Passaconway's d< ■ was set, 

When mi < Shocorua's cold, sharp crest 
The stern, avenging warriors met. 
The prophet spoke: " We ineel at last; 
And now for one no morn shall rise. 
Then let his farewell glance be east 
Up to the solemn, starry skies; 
For wrongs that may not be forgiven 
Cry out for vengeance up to heaven."' 

Willi hand uplifted to the sky 
Cornelius Campbell made reply: 
"Speak you of wrongs yet unforgiven? 
Wrongs thai cry up from earth to heaven? 
By Him who kindled the great sun, 
1 swear no wrong by me was done; 
But crimes my lips forbear to tell, 
Such as insatiate fiends of hell 
Might plot, in your wild brain were planned, 
And wrought by your twice murdering hand. 

We meet in deadliest hate, alone 
On this bleak mount, this tower of stone, 
In the cold silence of the sky; 
Xow, witness heaven's avenging eye! 
I '11 hurl you from this mountain's brow- 
Down to that yawning gulf below, 
Where only bird or beast of prey 
Shall bear your whitened bones away." 

( hocorua spoke : " Where in the deep, 
Wild north, earth's ancient mountains rise, 
Where bright 'Siogee's waters sleep, 
And under yet remoter skies, 
Our warriors roamed o'er all the land. 
On this great mount whereon we stand 
Have prophets, kings, and heroes stood, 
And gazed on earth's vast solitude. 
N'o fitter place beneath the sky 
Than this wild home in upper air, 
Hallowed by many a prophet's prayer, 
To wreak dire vengeance, or to die." 

One moment of hate'- deadliest strife. 
Like tigers grappling, life for life, 
And the last prophet of his land 
Lay crushed beneath his conqueror's hand. 
He knew the fatal grasp; his last, 
Despairing glance to heaven was cast, 
As if in see u ith dying eyes 
The sleamintr lake- of Paradise. 

124 History of Carroll County. 

The victor dragged him to the brow 

Of the dread mount whereon they stood; 

Pointing to awful depths below, 

He spoke : " Deep in yon gloomy wood 

The gray wolf hungers for your blood ; 

And grim death waits — Now, murderer, go." 

Down to a yawning, sunless vale, 
O'er frowning battlements, he fell. 
Bang from his lips a wild death-wail, 
And barren hills gave back his knell. 
A fiery star, a meteor bright, 
Shining athwart the sombre sky, 
Hung on the orient brow of night: 
Each star looked down with solemn eye ; 
Round Whiteface, baleful meteors swung; 
Minden's dark brow was bathed in light : 
A death-song on the winds was sung, 
Ne'er heard till that strange, wrathful night. 
Pale lights danced over lake and wood; 
The chainless Saco blushed in blood ; 
And pitying angels, hovering nigh, 
Walked the cold heavens with mourning eye. 

A graceful Indian legend floats over the placid waters of the gem-like Lake 
Chocorua to this effect : that the stillness of the lake was sacred to the Great 
Spirit ; if a human voice was heard while crossing its waters, the offender's 
canoe would instantly sink to the bottom. 

Paugus, mighty monument of a mighty warrior, strangely enough presents 
the symbol of peace. From Albany rises the solid granite mass of this moun- 
tain, a huge pile of rock scaled over with forests, and o,000 feet high. On its 
side stands out a spur whose upper crest shows the perfect image of a lamb's 
head on a gigantic scale. Eye, mouth, nose, ear, and forehead are exact ; even 
the chest and back are clearly delineated. Here it has stood for ages, an object 
of veneration to the aborigines, a natural symbol of the Christian's Prince of 

Scenery, Attractions, Traditions and Legends. L25 




Champney's Falls — Rear Camp River — The Great Carbuncle — Saco River — The svtory 
of Nancy — Carter Notch — Pinkham Notch — Boott's Spur — The Crystal Cascade — Glen 
Ellis Falls- -Goodrich Falls — Conway — Echo Lake — Diana's Bath — Artist's Brook — 
Thomas Starr King — The Poet Whittier. 

CHAMPNEY'S FALLS, Albany, are most surely worthy of the tourist's 
attention, and will repay the time and trouble it takes to visit them. 
Professor Huntington says: "There are two streams and two falls, but 

they are so near together that they are collectively known as Champney's 
Falls. They arc on a small stream flowing from the south into Swift river, 
nearly two miles from the road. A person who goes without a guide and 
follows down the stream will be at first disappointed; for all that is seen 
is a small stream, with a few massive blocks of a granitoid rock. It is true 
that even here are immense caverns, and here the stream runs between two 
blocks, and then over another, when it falls on the great sloping ledge, and 
goes bounding along until it tumbles over a, precipitous ledge, and is lost to 
view. We see where the water takes its leap, yet nowhere does there seem 
to be anything remarkable. Then we climb along the ledges, and, by following 
a rough path, get to the base of the falls, yet there is nothing striking. 
We are about to turn away sadly disappointed, when the eye catches a 
sunbeam reflected from the water that seems struggling through the leafy 
foliage. Then, just there, not a dozen rods away, but almost hidden by the 
trees, we discover one of the most beautiful falls in New Hampshire. We 
stand just at the c<]^r of the fall, on the stream we followed down. The 
sunbeams fall aslant through the trees; the eye follows the high perpendicular 
ledge that runs at right angles to the stream, and through the leaves of the 
trees we see the water come over the Ledge, fall down and strike the rock, 
that projects just enough to throw the water in spray and break, for an instant 
only, the continuity of the stream. In the entire fall there are three such 
projections: after t he last fall the water rests in a quiet basin, where it flows 
"Ut and runs into the stream. The entire fall may be sixty feet; opposite. 
thirty feet distant, is a high ledge; probably where this gorge now is there was 
once an immense trap-dyke that has been disintegrated and carried away. 


12 6 History of Carroll County. 

Bear Camp River. - Loveliest of the streams of the many lovely ones of 
the Granite State, the Hear Camp river has been immortalized by one ot 
America's greatest poets, and words of ours would be faint beside these 
exquisite lines of J. G. Whittier. 

A gold hinge on the purpling hem 

Of hills, the river runs, 
As down its Long, green valley falls 

The last of summer's suns. 
Along its tawny gravel-bed 

Broad-flowing, swift, and still, 
As if its meadow-levels felt 

The hurry of the hill. 
Noiseless between its banks of green 

From curve to curve it slips; 
The drowsy maple-shadows rest 

Like fingers on its lips. 

A waif from Carroll's wildest hills, 

Unstoried and unknown ; 
The ursine legend of its name 

Prowls on its banks alone. 
Yet (lowers as fair its slopes adorn 

As ever Yarrow knew, 
Or under rainy Irish skies, 

By Spenser's Mulla grew; 
And through the gaps of leaning trees 

Its mountain cradle shows 
The gold against the amethyst, 

The green against the rose. 

Touched by a light that hath no name, 

A glory never sung, 
Aloft on sky and mountain-wall 

Are God's great pictures hung. 
How changed the summits, vast and old! 

No longer granite-browed, 
They melt in rosy mist ; the rock 

Is softer than the cloud ; 
The valley holds its breath ; no leaf 

Of all its elms is twirled ; 
The silence of eternity 

Seems falling on the world. 

Slow fades the vision of the sky, 
The golden water pules, 

And over all the valley-land 
A gray winged vapor sails. 

I go the common way of all ; 
The sunset lires will burn ; 

Scenery, Attractions, Traditions and Legends. 127 

The flowers will blow, the river flow, 

w hen l no more return. 
No whisper From the mountain-pine 

Nor Lapsing stream shall tell 
The stranger, treading where I tread, 

Of him who loved them well. 

Farewell! these smiling hills must wear 

Too soon their wintry frown; 
Ami snow-cold winds from off them shake 

The maple's red leaves down. 

Bui I shall see a summer sun 

Still setting broad and lovi ; 
The mountain slopes shall blush and bloom, 

The golden water flow. 
A lover's claim is mine on all 

I see to have and hold — 
The roselight of perpetual hills. 

And sunsets never eold. 

The Great Carbuncle. — According to the Indians, on the highest mountain, 
Kan-raTi-vugarty, suspended from a crag overlooking a dismal lake, was an 
enormous carbuncle, which many declared they had seen blazing in the night 
like a coal of fire. Some even asserted that its ruddy glare lighted the rocks 
by night, while by day its rays were dazzling as the sun. The Indians, 
however, declared that no mortal hand could hope to grasp this great fire- 
stone. It was, they said, guarded by the genius of the mountain,, who. on 
the approach of explorers, disturbed the waters of the lake, so that a dark 
mist arose, in which the daring adventurers, perplexed and then bewildered, 
wandered into the troubled waters, and were hopelessly lost in its dismal 
depths. Several wizards and conjurers of the Pequawkets, emboldened by 
their success in exorcising evil spirits, made the ascent of the mountain. 
They never returned, and doubtless were either petrified or thrown down 
some wild and fearful precipice info a still more terrible chasm. 

Although no one returned, still the belief continued in the existence of 
this great carbuncle, and their imaginations were inflamed with the desire 
to see and behold this precious jewel. Crawford shows that the belief in 
its existence and attempts to secure it existed among the whites as late as 
his day. 

Sam River. — Sullivan says in his - History of Maine" that in October, 
lTTo, the Saco was found to swell suddenly. As there had not been rain 
sufficient to account for this increase of volume, people were at a loss how- 
to explain this phenomenon, until it was finally discovered to be occasioned 
by a new river having broken out in the side of the White Mountains. 
When this river issued, a mixture of iron ore gave the water a deep-red 

128 History of Carroll County. 

color, and the people inhabiting the section declared the river ran blood, 
and regarded it as an evil omen for the success of their arms in the 
struggle between the colonies and Great Britain. 

The Story of Nancy. — -Nancy's Rock, Nancy's Brook, and Nancy's Mountain 
in Bartlett receive their name from Nancy Barton, the first white woman to 
voluntarily pass through the Notch. She came from Portsmouth as cook for 
Colonel Whipple, of Jefferson, and kept a boarding-house for the men employed 
by him. She was faithful, industrious, and hard-working. Tradition says 
she once rescued the colonel from captivity by giving rum to his Indian captors 
until they were helplessly intoxicated, and then cutting- the ropes by which he 
was bound. Her life was one of toil and little recompense, but she saved from 
each year's wages until she acquired quite a sum. 

She was sought in marriage by one of the colonel's men in 1788, and it was 
arranged that they should go to Portsmouth with the next party, and settle 
down there to the enjoyment of married life. She entrusted her savings to her 
lover, and made her preparations to go. But her lover was faithless. Colonel 
Whipple did not desire to lose his competent cook, and they contrived to make 
their start while Nancy was at Lancaster on a conveniently arranged errand. 
She, however, heard of their departure on the day they went, walked to 
Jefferson, found the report true, tied up a small bundle of clothing, and started 
on foot to overtake her lover at his first camping-place, the Notch, thirty miles 
distant, along a snow-covered trail indicated only by spotted trees in the dense 
forest. She traveled all night, and reached the camp to find them gone, and 
the camp-fire extinguished by the rapidly falling snow. Trying in vain to 
rekindle it, she hastened along their track, fording the icy waters of the Saco 
several times, until exhausted nature gave out. The chilling wind had turned 
her saturated clothing to sheets of ice, upon which clung the thick masses of 
the falling snow. She sank down on the south side of the brook in Bartlett 
which bears her name, and was speedily chilled to death. A party which had 
started to rescue her after the storm began found her body not long after. 

It is said that, on hearing of her terrible fate caused by his dastardly 
conduct, the recreant lover became insane and died a horrible death. The 
early settlers believed that his restless ghost haunted the place of her death, 
and that its cries and lamentations were often heard. 

Carter Notch. — We condense from Drake's graphic account of his visit to 
this notch, given in "The Heart of the White Mountains," the following 
description: - w By half-past seven of a bright and crisp morning I was climbing 
the steep hillside over which Jackson Falls pour down. On arriving at the 
top, instead of entering a difficult and confined gorge, I found a charming and 
tolerably wide vale, dotted with farms, extending far up into the midst of the 

" Half a, mile above the falls the snowy cupola of Washington showed itself 

Scenery, Attractions, Traditions and Legends. 129 

Over Eagle mountain for a few moments. Then, farther on, Adams was seen, 

also white with snow. For five miles the road skirts the western slopes of the 
valley* which grows continually deeper, narrower, and higher. Spruce moun- 
tain is now on our Left ; the broad Hanks of Black mountain occupy the right 
side of the valley. Beyond Black mountain Carter Dome lifts its ponderous 
mass, and between them the dip of the Perkins Notch, dividing the two 
ranges, gives admittance to the Wild River valley, and to the Androscoggin in 
Shelburne. Before me the grand, downward curves of the Carter Notch 
Opened wider and wider. 

" Burying ourselves in deeper solitudes, we descended to the banks of the 
Wildcat at a point one and a half miles from the road we had left. We then 
crossed the rude bridge of logs, keeping company with the gradually dimin- 
ishing river, now upon one hank, now on the other, making a gradual ascent 
along with it, frequently pausing to glance up and down through the beautiful 
\istas it has cut through the trees. 

"We were now in a colder region. The sparseness of the timber led me to 
look right and left for the stumps of felled trees, but I did not see fifty good 
timber-trees along the whole route. An hour and a half of pretty rapid 
walking brought us to the bottom of a steep rise. We were at length come to 
close quarters with the formidable outworks of Wildcat mountain. The 
brook has for some distance poured a stream of the purest water over moss 
of the richest green, but now it most mysteriously vanishes from sight. From 
this point the singular rock called the Pulpit is seen overhanging the upper 
crags of the Dome. 

"We turned sharply to the left, and attacked the side of Wildcat mountain. 
We had now attained an altitude of nearly 3,000 feet above the sea, or 2,2o() 
above the village of Jackson ; we were more than a thousand feet higher 
than Crawford Notch. 

"On every side the ground was loaded with huge gray bowlders, so pon- 
derous that it seemed as if the solid earth must give way under them. Some 
looked as if the merest touch would send them crashing down the mountain. 
Undermined by the slow action of time, these fragments have fallen one by 
one from the high cliffs, and accumulated at the base. Among these the path 
Serpentined for half a mile more, bringing us at last to the summit of the spur 
we had been climbing, and to the broad entrance of the Notch. ' 

"Fascinated by the exceeding strangeness of everything around me, I 
Advanced to the edge of the scrubby growth in order to command an unob- 
structed view. How still it was! I seemed to have arrived at the instant a 
death-like silence succeeds the catastrophe. I saw only the bare walls of a 
temple, of which some Samson had just overthrown the columns. The light of 
a midday sun brightened the tops of the mountains, while within a sepulchral 
gloom rendered all objects — rocks, trees, cliffs — all the more weird and fan- 
tastic. 1 was between two high mountains, whose walls enclose the pass. 

130 History of Carroll County. 

"Overhanging it 1,500 feet at least, the sunburnt crags of the Dome 
towered above the highest precipices of the mountain behind me. But 
what is this dusky gray mass, stretching huge and irregular across the chasm 
from mountain to mountain, completely filling the space between, and so 
effectually blockading the entrance that we were compelled to pick our way 
up the steep side of the mountain in order to avoid it? 

"Picture to yourself acres upon acres of naked granite, split and splintered 
in every conceivable form, of enormous size and weight, pitched, piled, and 
tumbled about like playthings, tilted, or so poised and balanced as to open 
numberless caves, and the mind will then grasp but faintly the idea of this 
colossal barricade, seemingly built by the giants of old to guard their last 
stronghold from all intrusion. It is evident that one of the loftiest precipices 
of the Dome has precipitated itself in a crushed and broken mass into the 

"Previous to the convulsion, the interior of the notch was doubtless nar- 
rower, gloomier, and deeper. The track of the convulsion is easily traced. 
From top to bottom the side of the mountain is hollowed out, exposing a 
shallow ravine, in which nothing but dwarf spruces will grow, and in which the 
erratic rocks, arrested here and there in their fall, seem endeavoring to regain 
their ancient position on the summit. There is no trace whatever of the 
debris ordinarily accompanying a slide — only these rocks. 

" We felt our way cautiously and slowly out. In the midst of these grisly 
blocks stunted firs are born, and die for want of sustenance, making the dreary 
waste bristle with hard and horny skeletons. The spruce, dwarfed and 
deformed, has established itself solidly in the interstices ; a few bushes spring 
up in the crannies. With this exception the entire area is devoid of vegeta- 
tion. The obstruction is heaped in two principal ridges ; from a flat rock on 
the summit of the first we obtained the best idea of the general configuration 
of the notch ; and from this point, also, we saw the two little lakes beneath us 
which are the sources of the Wildcat. Beyond and above the hollow they 
occupy, the two mountains meet in the low ridge constituting the true summit 
of Carter Notch." 

Pinkham Notch presents some of the wildest sylvan scenery in all the 
mountains, such a profusion of rich foliage being exceedingly rare. It takes 
its name from Daniel Pinkham, an early resident of Jackson. In 182-1 he 
commenced a road through the wilderness, which, about twelve miles in length, 
connected Jackson with Randolph. The notch is situated at the Glen Ellis 
Falls, where the mountains are only a quarter of a mile apart. 

Booths Spur is the highest curve of the massive granite spur rooted deep in 
the Pinkham defile. It is nearly three miles long, and the sky-line of the 
ravine's head-line is about 5,000 feet above the sea. 

The Crystal Cascade, one of the most beautiful waterfalls of the White 

Scenery, Attractions, Traditions and Legends. 131 

Mountains, is on Ellis river, below the outlet of Tuckerman's Ravine, and on 
the west side of the Pinkham Notch. It vies with the; (lien Ellis Falls in 
Loveliness, hut is very unlike it. The kaleidoscopic effect of different combi- 
nations of rocks, trees, and water is wonderful, and nature has entirely outdone 
herself in producing this preeminently picturesque of cascades. Its setting of 
moss-grown cliffs is wild ami impressive; the rocks and trees on either side 
partially exclude the light and lend their sombre shadows to the romance of 
the scene : while through these shades the cascade gleams like a silver stream. 
Down it comes, Leaping, dancing, tripping, widening its pure tide, then, gush- 
ing through a narrowing pass in the rocks, it reaches a curve, where, winding 
around, it sweeps along, scattering its diamond sprays over the green mosses 
on the gray and purple rocks. 

A legend comes down concerning this beautiful cascade which is well worth 
repetition. In the olden days, when this lovely valley, now Jackson, was occu- 
pied by the red man, there was enacted a tragedy of "true love never runs 
smooth/' wherein a young warrior and a true-hearted maiden met a watery 
death. As was customary among these savage tribes, the chief had selected a 
lover for his daughter, hut as she evidently preferred another, and one high 
and renowned of a neighboring tribe, when he brought his gifts of feathers 
and fur and demanded his bride, the father could not honorably refuse. He 
called a council of his braves, and in solemn conclave they concurred that the 
beautiful maiden should be the bride of the one most skilful in drawing the 
bow. A mark was set up and the two warriors took their stand. Although 
he who had won the girl's heart was an expert with Cupid's arrows, his rival 
was the victor in this trial of skill. But before the echoes of the triumphant 
shouts of the assembly had died away, the two lovers had grasped hands and 
were running through the dense forests. They were quickly pursued, and it 
soon became a race of life and death. Finding their pursuers gaining upon 
them, the lovers reached the verge of the cataract and, clasped in each other's 
embrace, threw themselves into its rushing waters. Often when the glittering 
mists are ascending the falls, imaginative observers perceive two airy forms 
hand in hand. 

Glen Ellis Vails are on the Ellis river at the base of Wildcat mountain. 
They were formerly known as the Pitcher Falls, in allusion to their shape, hut 
received the present name in 1852. This fall is probably the finest in the 
White Mountains. The solitude is deep, dark, and intense, with its stately 
pines, funereal cedars, and sombre hemlocks. Through the trunks of trees the 
mad seas of foam conic spurting along the rocky gorge ; we hear the echo of 
the roar, and feel as if we too must rush along impelled by the energy of the 
rushing water; then we are hushed and silenced by the thought of the grand- 
Bess and majesty of the power which moves these waters in this very heart of 
mountain wildness. From the rocks above where the torrent descends is the 

132 History of Carroll County. 

best view of the falls. Here the cataract leaps eighty feet to carry its contri- 
bution to the Saco, and the grim, fierce wildness and savage force and beauty 
make a deep and abiding impression upon the beholder. The stream is clear 
and cold, having conic from the snows of Tuckerman's Ravine. 

Samuel Adams Drake, in his "Heart of the White Mountains," thus 
recounts a legend of Ellis river. An Indian family living at the foot of a 
lofty peak near the source of Ellis river had a daughter more beautiful than 
any maiden of the tribe, possessing a mind elevated far above the common 
order, and as accomplished as she was beautiful. When she reached a proper 
age, her parents looked around them for a suitable match, but in vain. None 
of the young men of the tribe were worthy of so peerless a creature. Sud- 
denly this lovely wildflower of the mountains disappeared. Diligent was the 
search, and loud the lamentations when no trace of her light moccasin could 
be found in forest or glade. The tribe mourned her as lost. But one day 
some hunters, who had penetrated into the fastnesses of the mountain, dis- 
covered the lost maiden with a beautiful youth, whose hair, like hers, floated 
down below his waist, on the shore of a limpid stream. On the approach of 
the intruders the pair vanished. The parents of the maiden knew her com- 
panion to be one of the kind spirits of the mountain, and henceforth con- 
sidered him as their son. They called upon him for moose, bear, or whatever 
creature they desired, and had only to go to the water-side and signify their 
wish, when, lo ! the animal came swimming toward them. 

This legend resembles one of those marvelous stories of the Hartz Moun- 
tains, in which a princess of exceeding beauty, destroyed by the arts of a 
wicked fairy, was often seen bathing in the river Use. When she met 
a traveler, she conducted him into the interior of the mountain and loaded 
him with riches. 

Goodrich Falls (Jackson) is at the junction of the two branches of Ellis 
liver. The height of the rock at the right from the water is eighty feet. 
There is a large circular pool of great depth below the fall. When the river 
is full, the water pours a broad, beautiful sheet over the dam, covering the 
rocks and throwing np clouds of spray, sometimes to the height of one hun- 
dred feet. 

Contra!/ seems to be the grand gateway to the White Mountain region. Its 
location is romantic and delightful, and wealth and taste have been united to 
enhance its superior natural advantages. Here the outlines of Kearsarge, the 
big Mote, and the legendary Chocorua are sharp and well defined, and the view 
of the White Mountains, rising over the Saco meadows, bursts upon the 
traveler like an enchanted view. This entrance to North Conway is said to 
be the most beautiful and most imposing introduction to the White Mountains. 
"Nature has formed here a vast ante-chamber, into which you are ushered 
through a gateway of mountains upon the numerous inner courts, galleries, 


and cloisters of her most secluded ret reals. The mountains fall back before 
the flood of the Saco, which comes pouring down from the summit of the 

Notch, and is joined by the Swill river, which, having just escaped from iis 
mountain last ness. comes rollicking and leaping over its stonj bed. Here the 
valley between the gentle slopes of the Kearsarge and the abrupt declivities 

of Mote enclose a verdant and fertile spot of land enchanting to the beholder. 
It is skirted on one side by thick woods, behind which precipices one thousand 
feet high rise black and threatening; overlooked on the other by a high 
terrace, along which the village stretches itself." And here, at the village, 
one can see the White Mountains in all their grand and beautiful metamor- 

Echo Lake (Conway) lies in front of "The Cathedral." It covers but a 
few- acres, ami has a bright, sandy shore. The water is clear, and the reflection 
of White Horse Ledge shows beautiful tints, and the echoes float back from 
the purple glens like fairy bugles. 

I >i<i mi's Hath. — -Not far from "The Cathedral "is a cascade falling down 
a long, irregular staircase of broken rock. One of these steps, a solid mass 
of granite, extends for more than a hundred feet across the bed of the stream, 
and is twenty feet high. Unless the brook is full, we see a score or more 
crystal streams gushing or spurting from the grooves they have channeled in 
the hard granite, and falling into basins they have hollowed out. It is these 
stone cavities, out of which flows the purest and clearest water constantly, 
that give to the cascade the name of Diana's Bath. 

Artist' x Brook has furnished abundant and exquisite material for the land- 
scape painter; and, as we linger near it or wander on its banks, it sings to us 
from that sweet song of Tennyson : — 

I el uit tor over stony ways 

In little sharps and trebles; 
I bubble into eddying bays, 

T babble on the pebbles. 

Thomcw Starr King, in his "White Hills," first appealed to the great circle 
of the lovers of nature in her grandest and most beautiful creations, and they 
have come from near and far, in answer to his cheery call, to enjoy the marvels 
he has described in language as purely classic as ever Homer sung. 

The poet Whittier has done a wonderful work for all this section. Inder 
his pen of witchery Lake Winnipiseogee and Squam, Bear Camp and Saco, 
Chocorua and Kearsarge, glowing in fairy light and coloring, draw nearer to 
the great pulsating hearts of humanity, and the craggy, solemn mountains 
gleam in purple and gold and crimson, while oldtime legends, revivified, 
speak to us of Borrow, suffering, and the tender sympathies evoked by that 
unerring touch of nature which "makes the whole world kin.** Thousands 

134 HrsTOKY or Carroll County. 

on thousands of visitors bring their wealth hither and scatter it freely all 
along the fascinating pilgrimages that have been so ably described, and drawn 
rich reward for their time and money expended in the lake and mountain 
region. The number of visitors will steadily increase, so long as Chocorua's 
"horn of shadow" pierces the water, so long as the "smile of the Great 
Spirit *' sends its witching dimples toward the sunlight, so long as the awful 
majesty of Mt Washington and kindred peaks look over the border with their 
eternal watchfulness, or the Saco brawls with its rippling melody through the 
mighty valley of the Notch, or the magic colors on Red Hill steal splendor 
from the morning sunlight to add new charms to their already perfect 

Never will the fields or mills of Carroll county bring in a greater revenue 
than is brought annually as an offering to the bare rocks, towering mountains, 
silvery lakes, and dreamy valleys with which nature has so richly endowed 
her. The sick and wornout children of men who fly to these healthful lake 
and mountain sides, gain fresh inspiration from the balmy pine-scented breezes 
and pure waters gushing from fountains stored beneath the bases of the mighty 
granite mountains. 



REBELLION 1861 TO 1805. 


Faint the din of battle bray'd, 
Distant down the hollow wind, 
War and terror (led before, 
Wounds and death remained behind. 

— Penrose. 

And loving words shall tell the world 
Their noble deeds, who 'gainst the wrong 
The Hag of freedom first unfurled, 
And suffering made the nation strong. 

And glistening eyes shall throb with tears 
At names that, stamped on history's page, 
shall aye go ringing down the years, 
The heroes of this patriot age. 

IT is with great diffidence that I attempt to compile the following chapter 
and do so only at the urgent request of the publishers and others. My 
authorities will be "Old Militia Records," "Adjutant-General's Reports — 
1865 and 1866," " New Hampshire in the Rebellion," Colonel Henry O. Kent 

Military Afpairs. 135 

in "History of Coos County," and all other reliable records that may ionic 
to hand. 

Carroll county is peopled by a set of hardy yeomanry. Their ancestors 
fought tlic Indians and British ere emigrating hither; and ever since there 
lias been a sharp contest, not only with savage beasts and more savage Indians 
at first, but all the time with the stubborn soil and severe climate. In the very 
nature of things, therefore, the people may be somewhat conservative, perhaps, 
and "go slow." but they are hardy and rugged as the White Mountains at 
whose base they dwell and whose invigorating air they breathe. 

Carrol] county had been too recently settled to furnish a great many 
soldiers for the war of the Revolution (see Revolution), but (juite a number 
of the survivors of that war settled here afterwards, and thus the military 
spirit was fostered and became embodied in the "Old Militia/' from which 
a reasonable quota enlisted in the War of 1812-15. 

In fact, during a period of about forty years, from 1810 to 1850, the militia 
was a great institution in New Hampshire. 

Every able-bodied man between the ages of eighteen and forty-five, except 
Quakers and a few others specified in the statute, was obliged to do military 
duty; so that the whole military force of the state, if mustered altogether at 
one time and place, would have made a display as formidable, in appearance at 
least, and much more picturesque, as the whole army of the Potomac at its 
first great review at Washington in September, 1861, under General McClellan, 
consisting of 4"2 regiments in 8 brigades and 1 divisions, in all about 30,000 men. 

The dress and uniforms were about as various as the tastes of the wearers, 
and many of the Toe-nail and String-bean companies, or Bare-foot Rangers and 
Barn-yard Cadets (as they were often called by the profane), could give points 
to the hosts of Gibeon when they went to meet Joshua at the camp at Gilgal, 
and then " take the cake ; " while many of them, as well as a large majority of 
the uniformed companies, would bear favorable comparison with the crack 
companies of to-day. 

The old regiments were composed of all arms — artillery, cavalry, infantry, 
and rifle (like a miniature army corps) — -and consisted of at least eight com- 
panies of infantry, and one each of the others. 

The cavalry (or troop, as it was called), in its palmiest days, with their neat 
gray uniforms and bright buttons, black glazed caps with tall white plumes, 
and prancing horses covered with gay trappings, would rival in appearance an 
equal number of the soldiers of the cross, under Prince Conrad or Richard 
Cceur-de-Lion ; and although they might not be as formidable in the field, yet 
no doubt they fullilled their destiny just as well. 

Farewell, old troop, farewell ! " We ne'er shall see thy like again/' 

The artillery, with their blue swallowtail coals and brass bell-buttons, white 
pants with a wide red band near the bottom, large Hat chapeaux with tall black 

136 History of Carroll County. 

plumes tipped with red, and each armed with a sword, numbered about as 
many men as an infantry company, and cherished and nursed their little four 
or si\ pounder brass cannon with a truly fatherly care. They manoeuvred the 
piece with two long drag-ropes, the platoons respectively hold of each ; so they 
never marched much by the Hank, but in single file, with the whole broadside- 
to the front, and it took about as much space for them to manoeuvre as it would 
for the "Great Eastern." It fulfilled its day, however, and was a wonder to 
the small boys, while the old fieldpiece is chiefly remembered for its Fourth of 
July salutes, and the astonishing feats of agility it caused some of the horses 
and their riders to perform on the muster field. 

The rifle companies were composed of officers and men who took great 
pride in their appearance and wore neat and jaunty uniforms. 

There was also now and then a company of "light infantry," neatly 
uniformed, which added much to the gay appearance of the regiment. 

It could be easily told where a regimental muster was to be held, for as 
you observe clouds of all sizes and directions move toward the body of a 
thunderstorm, so, muster morning, every road from every direction was more 
or less filled with soldiers and speetators wending their way to the muster 
field. The soldiers were generally astir long before the break of day, ready 
to call upon their officers and give them a good heavy salute with their guns, 
and were usually called in and " given something " to warm them up before 
starting for the field. 

The first sight that greeted the eye on entering the muster field was tents 
for various purposes, side-shows, such as the striped pig, fat man, man with 
no legs, or something else to catch money. There were also peddlers of all 
kinds, singing, fiddling, etc., to attract attention. One particular person, who 
attended these musters every year, was a deaf man who sold gingerbread; 
and he always said it was " baked last night after two o'clock." It was a 
perfect gala day for old and young. There was always liquor to be had, and 
occasionally a soldier perhaps fell a victim to this all-powerful foe, and at night 
would get scattered all along the road with his accoutrements until he found 
a resting-place and went to sleep under the lee of some friendly wall, 
reminding one, on a small scale, of the appearance of the highway between 
Manassas Junction and Washington after the disastrous defeat of Bull Run. 
Many of us, I think, would be glad to see some of those old muster days 
again, with the rum and cider left out. 

There was generally a sham fight in the afternoon of muster day between 
more or less of the independent companies, beginning and ending in noise and 
smoke. I don't think they tried to imitate any battle like Bunker Hill, as I 
have seen done in Massachusetts, but, if your fancy was lively enough, you 
might imagine yourself at the skirmish of London Hill, where a promiscuous 
rabble, armed with all sorts of weapons, defeated some of the best troops of 

Military Affairs. 137 

England under Colonel Grahanie of Claverhouse. But with the Scotch 
Covenanters it was no sham fight. Though using carnal weapons, they ye\ 
relied mi a higher power: ami after hearing exhortations from such men as 
Peter Pound-text, Gabriel Kettle - drummle, Habakkuk Mucklewrath, and 
Ephraim Macbriar, and all joining in singing the Seventy-sixth Psalm, — 

In Judah's land *;<h1 is well known, 
I li< i » .- 1 1 1 1 1 ■ 's in [srael greal ; 
In Salem is his tabernacle, 
In Zion is his seal, 

they rushed upon the foe and gained a complete victory at the time; but in 
the next skirmish, at Bothwell Bridge, they were themselves completely 
overwhelmed by the Duke of Monmouth. 

The arms and accoutrements of the did militia would, no doubt, compare 
favorably with those of the volunteer troops at the commencement of the 
Rebellion — all raw militia at lirst. Probably some muskets had flint-locks, 
and some percussion : and possibly, now and then, one with no lock at all ; 
and there might be an occasional bayonet lacking. An old militia veteran told 
me not long ago that a captain of the company in North Sandwich at one 
time ordered his men to all appear the next muster day with bayonets, so it 
appears that previous to that time they had not all had them. Bayonets 
did n't lav round loose then, and the few Lacking them went to Mr Thrasher, 
the blacksmith, to get them made. So he made their bayonets all right except 
the shank : he couldn't make a socket very well to lit on the muzzle, but, 
instead, made them so as to tit inside. When muster day came they all 
had bayonets fixed, and when the inspector inspected the new-fangled 
arrangements, he asked the soldier if there were any more bayonets like 
that in the company. The man stuttered badly, and in attempting to answer, 
began to stamp and catch hold of his hat rim, and finally got out, " Ye-ye-ye- 
yes, and the man that made "em." 

for a generation prior to 1850 Carroll virtually contained within its limits 
the Nineteenth. Twenty-seventh, and Thirty-sixth Regiments, Seventh Brigade, 
Second Division : Brookfield, to be sure, belonged to the Thirty-third in another 
county, but Centre Harbor, in Belknap, belonged to the nineteenth in Carroll. 
| >f course Carroll furnished (except Centre Harbor's proportion) the officers 
for its own regiments, about forty colonels in all, with those of Lesser grade in 
proportion; and also a fair share of brigadier and major generals, whose com- 
mands extended far beyond the county limits. Some of the latter likewise 
held high ci\il offices and were well known throughout the state. Especially 
is this true of Major-General Johnson 1). Quimby and Brigadier-General 
Daniel Hoit, both of Sandwich, whose earliest commissions date back to 1810, 
and who went through all the grades up from fourth corporal. Following these 

138 History of Carroll County. 

were Major-General George P. Meserve, of Jackson ; Gen. Henry Hyde, of 
Ossipee ; Gen. George W. Hersey, of Wolfeborough ; Gen. Samuel Knox, of 
Conway; Gen. Nathaniel B. Unit, of Moultonborough ; Gen. Cyrus K.Drake, 
of Effingham; and Gen. Enoch Q. Fellows, of Sandwich. 

The militia laws were changed somewhat in 1S47 or 1848, and again in 
1851, when (raining and regimental musters ceased. The laws were again 
modified in 1857 by dividing the state into six brigades and three divisions. 
Carroll, Belknap, and Stratford counties constituted the Second Brigade, First 
Division, of which Enoch Q. Fellows was commissioned brigadier-general May 
14, 1858. No active service was required, however, except by volunteer 
companies, .which could be organized and formed into regiments anywhere 
within the limits of the brigade. Before much, if any, progress had been 
made under that statute, the Rebellion of 1861 broke out, and then every 
energy was put forth to send troops into the field. 

To be sure there were a few old military organizations still in existence, 
namely, Governor's Horse Guards, Amoskeag Veterans, the Lyndeborough 
Artillery, and a very few volunteer companies besides. These different com- 
mands went into camp at Nashua, by invitation, for a three days' muster, in 
the autumn of 1860. This might be called the last expiring spark of the old 
state militia (which had virtually been dead for the last ten years), and when 
the emergency came the next spring, the state had no organization whatever 
ready to take the field. It was fortunate for New Hampshire that she had a 
governor at that time (Ichabod Goodwin, of Portsmouth, elected March, 1860, 
term expired June, 1861) of such executive ability, energy, wealth, lofty 
patriotism, high character, and perseverance as to enable him to procure all 
the needed assistance from the banks ; by which means he met the first call 
of the President, and inaugurated the splendid system by which the state 
was enabled to send the succeeding commands to the field with such complete 
outfits as to elicit the admiration of those from other states. 

Joseph C, Abbott, of Manchester, was at this time adjutant and quarter- 
master general, having been appointed in 1855. 

Nathaniel S. Berry, of Hebron, elected in March, 1861, was inaugurated 
governor in June of that year, and the legislature at that session ratified 
the previous action of Governor Goodwin. Governor Berry was succeeded in 
June, 1863, by .Joseph A. Gilmore, who in turn was succeeded in June, 1865, 
by Frederick Smyth. Throughout the war these chief magistrates devoted 
nearly their whole time while in office to the state, exercising the great power 
entrusted to them generally with a wise discretion, and were held in high 
esteem by her soldiers. 

Adjutant-General Abbott was confronted by an appalling emergency, with- 
out arms or equipments. He was active and zealous, and entitled to great 
credit for his labors in fitting out the earlier regiments, which went to the 

Military Affairs. 139 

front exceptionally well provided. He resigned in the Bummer of L861, and 
by authority of the War Department raised the Seventh Infantry, going oul 
as its lieutenant-colonel. lie became colone] on the death of Colonel Putnam 
(killed at Fort Wagner), was promoted to brigadier-general, was commandant 
of the city and district of Wilmington, N. C, and, after the war, a senator 
from North Carolina at Washington. Ho subsequently engaged in business 
in North Carolina, where he died. 

General Abbott was succeeded as adjutant-general of the state by ex- 
Governor Anthony Colby, of New London, who, in turn, was followed by his 
son, Daniel E. Colby, who held the office until the accession of Governor 
Gilinore in 1864, when Natt I lead, afterwards governor, was appointed, hold- 
ing the place until his accession to the chief magistracy, when Mayor Cross. 
of Manchester, was appointed. He was succeeded about 1877 or '78 by the 
present incumbent, Gen. A. D. Ayling, of Massachusetts. 

The Colbys, father and son, were reliable, earnest men, who brought to 
their duties devotion and painstaking care. General Head became at once 
favorably and widely known, and his excellent administration of the office 
had much to do with his advancement to the executive chair. It is but an 
act of justice to say that the present adjutant-general himself, a veteran of the 
war, by his zeal in perfecting the invaluable records of the soldiers of the 
state and his ability in their preparation, as well as by his general efficiency, 
merits recognition from New Hampshire soldiers among the executive officers 
who organized, equipped, and forwarded our troops. 

The " boys " who, during the process of organization and muster, became 
familiar with the State House and its officials, will remember Hon. Thomas L. 
Tullock, Hon. Allen Tenney, and Hon. Benjamin Gerrish, consecutively secre- 
taries of state. Mr. Tullock died in Washington, after having long held 
important offices there ; Mr. Gerrish died in Boston in 1885, after having been 
consul at Nantes and Bordeaux, France ; while Mr. Tenney is a successful 
lawyer at Norwich, Conn. Neither will they forget their enthusiastic friend, 
Ibni. Peter Sanborn, the state treasurer, nor his flights of rhetoric, perhaps, in 
the course of his remarks to the different regiments as they were drawn up in 
the State House yard to receive their colors. I will just remark here that if 
Colonel Sanborn's eloquence sometimes reached the gilt eagle on the cupola, 
probably that of some colonels in responding didn't get much higher than 
those perched on their llagstaffs. 

I am aware that the duties of etiquette must be performed, but I know of 
at least one colonel who considered such ceremonies, of which there were 
several, as among the most embarrassing ordeals of the service (I mean the 
responding part ). Colonel Sanborn, having long ago retired from public life, 
still survives on the paternal farm at I Iampton, enjoying a vigorous and honored 
old ao-e. 

140 History of Carroll County. 

( )u the reception of the proclamation of the President, issued April 15, 1861, 
calling for 75,000 men for three months, recruiting offices were opened in 
twenty-eight different stations in the state, including Conway in Carroll (Joshua 
Chapman, enlisting officer). 

The enthusiasm did n't appear as great in Carroll at first, perhaps, as in the 
lower part of the state, consequently comparatively few went in the earlier 
regiments; but as the war progressed she became fully aware of the gravity 
of the situation, and proceeded accordingly to fill her required quota. 

The First Infantry was raised for three months' service, and although 
twenty-three men enlisted at Conway, none of them appear to have gone in the 
First, but twenty of them served in some other command. So far as I have been 
able to learn seven men only went in the First Regiment from this county, 
namely, Enoch Q. Fellows, Daniel R. Kenney, Johnson D. Quimby, William 
H. Emery, Samuel Webster, John B. Waldron, and Abner S. Towle ; the five 
first named being residents of Sandwich. E. Q. Fellows was first lieutenant 
and adjutant, afterward colonel of the Third and Ninth ; D. R. Kenney was 
captain of Company B, afterward sergeant in the Eighth, and subsequently 
promoted to captain in the Second Louisiana Volunteer Infantry. J. D. Quimby 
was a private in the First, reported as residence "unknown ;" he was afterward 
corporal in the First New England Cavalry, also first sergeant in the Eighteenth 
New Hampshire Infantry, and credited to Sandwich, where he was born. Samuel 
Webster, who died February 3, 1864, was a sergeant in the First, recorded 
residence " unknown," afterward credited to Dover as first lieutenant First 
New Hampshire Heavy Artillery, but his native place was Sandwich. William 
H. Emery was a private in the First, credited as residence " unknown," after- 
ward a sergeant in the Third, credited to Sandwich, where he belonged. John 
B. Waldron was a sergeant in the First, recorded as " unknown ; " afterward 
credited to Dover as first sergeant, Company H, Sixth New Hampshire, 
now of Tuftonborough, and so I give this county the credit for him. Abner 
S. Towle was a private, of Effingham. 

The regiment was organized and mustered at Concord ; was entertained 
magnificently at. Worcester, Mass., in Mechanics' Hall, by the citizens ; received 
an ovation and was presented with a beautiful silk flag in New York, May 26, 
by the sons of New Hampshire resident in that city. This was the day of 
Colonel Ellsworth's funeral, and the streets were so crowded as to cause a 
delay of several hours, during which all who could viewed the colonel's 
remains as they lay in state in the mayor's office in the city hall. At length 
the regiment proceeded on its way to Washington, where it arrived the next 
day, and after a few days was sent to the Upper Potomac, where it formed a 
pari of General Patterson's command during its period of enlistment. It was 
composed of the finest material, and was admirably officered and drilled. It 
wore gray uniforms, as did the Second and Third at first, and was ordered to 

Military Affairs. 


wear a strip of white factory cloth uound the arm, in order to be distinguished 
from tlic enemy, who also wore gray. Its field officers were: Colonel Mason 
\V. Tappan, of Bradford, who afterwards declined the colonelcy of one of the 
Later regiments; Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas J. Whipple, a veteran of tin; 
Mexican war. subsequently colonel of the Fourth, and now an eminent lawyer 
of Laconia ; Major Aaron F. Stevens, of Nashua, subsequently colonel of the 
Thirteenth, brevet-brigadier-general, and member of Congress. Colonel 
Tappan, then attorney-general of the state, died early in 1S87, at his home 
in Bradford. 

The Second Infantry. About double the number required having enlisted 
under the call for three months, the balance were ordered to Portsmouth, where 
the most of them enlisted for three years, and formed the main body of the 
Second ; a few, refusing to enlist for three years, were sent as a garrison to Fort 
Constitution at the month of Portsmouth Harbor, from which they were dis- 
charged the ensuing summer. Thomas P. Pierce, of Nashua, a veteran of the 
Mexican war, had been commissioned colonel. Deelining to serve for three 
years, he resigned, and Gilman Marston, of Exeter, was appointed colonel; 
Frank S. Fiske, of Keene, lieutenant-colonel, and Josiah Stevens, Jr, of (Jon- 
cord, major. Colonel Marston served through the war with distinction, was 
promoted brigadier-general, and is now, in his halt; old age, an active and 
eminent lawyer at Exeter, and has recently been United States Senator, 
appointed by Governor Sawyer. Lieutenant-Colonel Fiske resigned after a 
year's service, and is now elerk of the United States district court in Boston. 
Major Stevens subsequently resigned, and died at Manehester about 1875. 

On its way to the front, the regiment, in passing through Boston, received 
a magnificent welcome at the hands of the sons of New Hampshire resident in 
that city. It was reviewed by Governor Andrew from the State Flouse, dined 
in Music Hall, and paraded on the Common. The record of this famous regi- 
ment would constitute the record of the army of the Potomac, in which it 
sen id through the war, reenlisting at the expiration of its three years of duty. 
It was a nursery, like several other of the early regiments, from which eame 
many accomplished officers for other regiments; it received and assimilated the 
Seventeenth Regiment in 1863, and a great number of reeruits, and during its 
entire service was conspicuous for bravery, soldierly conduct, and untiring 
devotion to the cause. It was mustered out at City Point, Va, November IS, 
and paid off at Concord November *2ti, 181!."). 


Charles n. K<>-^. B, 

William II. Tucker, !•', Corporal, 

■ lame- A. WIggin, 1', Musician, 

Boberl Brown, F, 

James Breanehen, l\ 

Samlu Ich 



John s. Varney, l>, promoted Corporal, 

wounded Beverely July •-', 1863, Wolfeborongh 

Charles n. Eastman, K, promoted flrsl 

Sergeant, Conway 

A li(n < >. Sarriman, F, „ 


History of Carroll County. 

William II. Goldsmith, !•', promoted Coi - - 

John II. Leach, F, 
John A. Plummer, F, 
Calvin B. Peterson, F, 



Stephen R. Tibbetts, F, Tuftonborough 

George S. Vittum, F, wounded severely 

July 2, 1863, died of wounds July 13, 

1863, Sandwich 


< lharles Y". Allen, 


Thomas Jones, 


John Antoni, 


Thomas King, 


Frank Antone, 


Henry H. Lane, 


John Beckley, 


Leonard Leslie, 


Sewall l). Bachelder, C, 


James Leonard, 


Edward Baker, 


Timothy McCarthy, E, 


John J. Broderick, 


John McNaley, 


Jules Chamnia, 


Thomas Maley, 


Jerre Cronin, 

Hart's Location 

Frank Monroe, 


John Farrel, 


John Roberts, 


William Frasier, 


Alba L. Smith, G, 


Charles Hall, D, 


Peter Smith, G, 


John Harvey, 


Charles H. Smith, G, 


Thomas Hayes, 


Thomas Thornton, G, 


Michael Harrington, 


Robert Thompson, 


John Johnson, 


Lambertus 15. Wathy, 


A few of the above-named recruits were mustered in some time in 1863, but 
nearly all late in 1864. 

Reenlisted Veterans, Second Regiment. — William H. Goldsmith, F, wounded 
June 7, 1864, Ossipee; Franklin W. Heath, D, Ossipee; Allen O. Harriman, 
F, Conway ; James Mayhew, F, Conway ; these veterans were all mustered in 
again January 1, 1864. 

The Third Infantry. — This command was organized at Concord in the 
summer of 1861, and from excellent material. Enoch Q. Fellows, now 7 living 
at Sandwich, an undergraduate of West Point, and the adjutant of the First 
Regiment, was its colonel ; John H. Jackson, of Portsmouth, a veteran of the 
Mexican war, now an inspector in the Boston Custom House, lieutenant- 
colonel ; and John Bedel, of Bath, also a Mexican veteran, afterward brevctted 
brigadier, who died in 1875, major. The first colonel, several commissioned 
and non-commissioned officers, and over half of Company G, with Pierce L. 
Wiggin, captain, were from this county. 

The Third was first assigned to duty on the seaboard in the South, serving 
with distinction at Hilton Head, Charleston, Fernandina, Fla, and other 
strategic points. It was mounted for about three months while in South Caro- 
lina and Florida-. Joseph C. Wiggin, of Sandwich, who went out as first 
srr-cant of Company G, and afterward promoted to second lieutenant, was 
killed August 22, 1862, on Pinckney Island, S. C, while in command of a 
picket guard. The regiment served with the army of the James, and took part 
in tlic closing scenes before Richmond. Like the First and Second, it furnished 
iiiaii\ officers for later regiments, and received a large number of recruits. Its 

Mii.ri'.\i;v Affairs. 

1 i:: 

record was highly honorable; il was engaged in desperate battles, did garrison 
and fortification duty, and in all respects won fairly the high reputation thai 
has always . been accorded to it. It was mustered, oul July 20, 1865. William 
II. Trickey, of Wolfeborough, enlisted in Company (i as a private, was pro- 
moted successively to corporal, sergeant, first sergeant, second lieutenant, first 
lieutenant, captain, major, and wounded twice, was Tor a long time in the rail- 
way mail service, and was installed as pastor of the I 'niversalist church at 
South Newmarket, N. II., June 21, 1889. 


Enoch Q. Fellows, Colonel, Sandwich 

Win. H. Trickc\ seeabove), Wolfeborough 

Andrew J. Wadlia, 2d Lieut, 1st Lieut, Capt., 

w ounded, Wolfeborough 

Pierce I.. Wlggin, Captain, Ossipee 

Joseph c. Wiggin, Sergeant, 2d Lieut, killed, 

Amasa M. Knowles, < • , Sergeant, Effingham 

\\m. II. Emery, G, Sergeant, Sandwich 

Joseph A. Peavey, G, Corporal, died of 

disease, Ossipee 

John Gove, G, Corporal, Sandwich 

Thomas II. Know les, < >. I lorporal, Effingham 

Win. II. Burbank, G, Corporal, 1st Serg't, Sandwich 
Win. ( '. Piper, G, Corporal, ,, 

Martin B. Kclley, G, Musician, ,, 

Adolphus l-;. Hoj t, (., Wagoner, 
Joseph II. Allen, G, 
Charles II. Brown, G, died of 

( >s.~ipee 
Afoul tonborough 
( Issipee 

George B. Bickford, G, wounded, 

John P. Brown, G, 

Wm. W. Ballard, G, 

liana A. Cbesley, G, 

I'enno Chick, G, 

John EL Clements, <;, died at Hilton Head, 

John E. Chick, G, promoted Corporal, died 

of wounds, Tamworth 

Lucien Eastman, <;, killed June i, 1864, „ 

Clnuies II . Edge 11, G, promoted Sergeant, ,, 
George A. Ellis, G, promoted Corporal, Wakefield 
Hollis I). Emerson, G, wounded twice, < tssipee 

John K. Furguson, G, Moultonborough 

!■' rank N . Fobs, < < , Sandwich 

Charles Fogg, G, died or disease, Sandwich 

Lorenzo Ford, <;, wounded June 16, 1862, ,, 

Asa I'. French, i • , Effingham 

James M. Grant, G, Tamworth 

Lowell Glidden, o, Wolfeborough 

Frank Glidden, G, Effingham 

Albert Gilman, G, promoted Sergeant, 

wounded, Tamworth 

Samuel F. Hodkins, G, ,, 

Edwin I). Haw kins, G, ,, 

George Knox, G, Ossipee 

Josiah A . Lai Id, ( ;, died of disease, Moultonborough 
.James il. Mel ri His, G, Sandwich 

Albion Moulton, G, Tamworth 

James W. .Mead, G, Wakefield 

Benjamin F. Peavey, G, Ossipee 

Albert Paris, G, promoted Sergeant, Wolfeborough 
Horaces. Parrott, G, Sandwich 

George II. Page, G, Effingham 

George E. Piper, G, killed at Fort Wagner, Sandwich 
George O. Sceggell, G, promoted Corporal, 

wounded, ossipee 

John L. Sceggell, G, „ 

.Moses Stiles, G, ,, 

Edward Towusend, G, Wakefield 

David I'. S. Vittuin, G, Tamworth 

William O. Weed, Ci, „ 

Charles Wiggin, G, died of wounds, ,, 

Edgar II. Watrous, G, Sandwich 

Charles II. Wentworth, G, Ossipee 

Marshall P. Wentworth, G, 
George T. York, G, Sandwich 

A-a F. Sanborn, I, died Nov. 21, 1861, Wakefield 

Oliver Watson, K, promoted First Sergeant, 

wounded, Sandwich 

John Gove, of Sandwich, appears in the above list as having been mustered 
as a corporal with the rest of the regiment, but is not officially accounted for 
in the adjutant-general's report. The fact is, he was commissioned as second 
lieutenant, hut was rejected by the examining board at Concord, consequent 1\ 
he did nnt leave the state ; but he was a good man. had been one of the leading 
men in town. and. if he had continued with the regiment, would undoubtedly 
have made a good record for himself. 


History of Carroll County. 


Charles Alson, 

Charles 11. Bates, 

Louis < iouden, 

Robert Curtis, 

Thomas Denny, 

Charles W. Fanton, 

Daniel W.Gilbert, wounded Auj 

Charles Klein, 

Theodore Mority, 

Timothy C. O'Keefe, 





16, 1864, 



John Peacock, C, wounded severely May 16, 

George Papino, 
Barney Quinn, C, 
Edward W. Richardson, 
Albert P. Richardson, 
Thomas Scott, 
John Wilson, 
James E. White, A, 
John Williams, 





I see no reason why James E. White is placed, here among the recruits, the 
most of whom were mustered in the latter part of 18G4, while he was mustered 
in originally with the regiment in August, 18*51. He was a good soldier, 
wounded May 13, 1864, and died of wounds August 16, 1864, after about three 
years' service. 


Joseph II. Allen, G, wounded severely May 

14, 1864, Tamworth 

William II. Burbank, G, wounded May lti, 

1864, Tamworth 

John F. Brown, G, ( (ssipee 

Fenno Chick, G, died of disease Oct. 18, 1864, ,, 
James T. Corson, G, wounded Aug. 16, 1804, Bartlett 
Wm. II. Emery, G, wounded May 15, 1864, Tamworth 
George A. Ellis, G, Corporal, ,, 

Lorenzo Ford, G, Sandwich 

Lowell Gliddcn, G, Ossipee 

Alfred C. Moody, B, Wakefield 

James W. Meads, G, Tamworth 

James II. McCrillis, G, Sandwich 

Albion Moulton, G, wounded May and Aug., 

1S64, died of wounds Sept., 1864, Tamworth 

William C. Filter, G, Sandwich 

George M. Phelps, G, ,, 

Moses Stiles, G, Tamworth 

Edward Townsend, G, Wakefield 

David P. S. Vittum, G, Tamworth 

Marshall P. Wentworth, G, ossipee 

Charles 11. Wentworth, G, ,, 

Edgar II. Watrous, G, Sandwich 

George T. York, G, ,, 

The Fourth Infantry. — -This command was officered by Colonel Thomas J. 
Whipple, Lieutenant-Colonel Louis Bell (mortally wounded at Fort Fisher, 
January 15, 1865), and Major Jeremiah D. Drew, of Salem. Colonel Whipple 
served in the First as lieutenant-colonel, in which Lieutenant-Colonel Bell and 
Major Drew were captains. 

It was a valuable and efficient three-years regiment, originally part of the 
force on the South Atlantic coast. There were no officers, and but few men, 
who went in it at first from this county. Its service was at Hilton Head, Fer- 
nandina, Charleston, and in the army of the James, before Petersburg and 
Richmond. It was mustered out August 27, 1865. Lieutenant-Colonel Bell, 
then colonel of the regiment, was brevetted brigadier-general for meritorious 
conduct at Fort Fisher, receiving the commission on his death-bed. 


Lorenzo D. Lane, A, died of disease Sept. 11, 

is<;:{, Wakefield 

Benjamin P. Wltham, A, ,, 

David A. Witham, A, 
Charles D. Wentworth, I), Moultonborough 

Lyman II. White, D, Moultonborough 

Charles F. Brigham, II, Sandwich 

George Evans, II, died of disease March -2, 

1862, Moultonborough 

Joseph James, II, Tamworth 




Qeorge Bellini, 

( isslpee 

( iwrii McCabo, 


William 11. Claua, 

( "iiw aj 

John Maloney, 


James < lolller, 


Charles Miller, 


William Dlgnam, 1 ! . 


John Etemson, 


Adolphus Graul, 


A lexander Smith, 


John Harrington, A, 

( >-si|)('C 

John Shaw, 


Qeorge L. Bartford, 


James Thompson, 


George 1 1 , Barper, 

< isslpee 

Charles Talbot, 

< (ssipee 

William JohnBon, 


George J. Webber, 11, 


Henr\ Jones, 



William I). Wyman, E, 


William korh, 


Jolin Williams, 


James H. Lambert , 



William F. Harm an, D, Musician, Effingham 

Lorenzo i>. Huntress, F, ,, 

Addison A. Parker, D, Wagoner, fiioultonborough 

Charles K.Miller, F, Sergeant, wounded 

May It;, 1864, Effingham 

Henry A. Spencer, F, ,, 

With very few exceptions, the recruits for the Fourth Regiment were mus- 
tered in 186-) and 1804, and all of the veterans remustered in January and 
February, 1864. 

The Fifth Infantry. — This command had a notable record for daring 
bravery, and was one of the conspicuous regiments of the volunteer service. 
This was largely due to the personnel of its first commander, Colonel Edward 
Ephraim Cross, of Lancaster, who had shared largely in the adventurous life 
of the southwestern frontier. Leaving home at an earl)'- age, he had been a 
newspaper reporter at Cincinnati and Washington, and wagoned the first 
printing-press across the plains to Tucson, in Arizona, where he established 
a paper. Engaged in warfare with the Apache and other tribes, he 
subsequently took service with the republic of Mexico until he came north 
to offer his services to his native state in the summer of 1861. His cam- 
paigning life and familiarity with the ways of regular soldiery gave him 
a position and influence that added Sclat to his recruiting, and procured for 
his regiment, from the outset, a reputation for dash and effective work. 

This regiment went into camp at Camp Jackson, at Concord, on the 
bluffs opposite the lower, or Federal, bridge, with Edward E. Cross as colonel, 
Samuel G. Langley, late adjutant of the Second, lieutenant-colonel, and Will- 
iam W. Cook, of Boston, major. Colonel Cross, after a most gallant and 
brilliant career, fell mortally wounded at Gettysburg while commanding the 
First Brigade of the First Division of the Second army corps. Lieutenant- 
Colonel Langley resigned after about a year of service, and died in Washington 
in 1808. Major Cook died since the close of the war. 

As with the Second, so with the Fifth: the limits of a chapter would 
utterly fail to give its history. It furnished gallant officers for later regiments, 
received many recruits, and was always conspicuous for its bravery and heroic 


History of Carroll County. 

work. It was in the Peninsula, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Virginia cam- 
paigns, and its colonel made the proud boast to a friend that at the disastrous 
charge at Fredericksburg, " his dead lay nearer the enemy's rille-pits than those 
of any other regiment in the army of the Potomac." 

While a veteran of the Fifth remains, its deeds of daring, its amateur 
engineering, its marches, and its conflicts will be as fresh in their memories 
as the rollicking strains of "One-eyed Riley!" and their services will have the 
appreciation that follows honest endeavor. 

The number originally mustered in with this fighting regiment from Carroll, 
though not large, shared proportionally in its many privations, hardships, 
and casualties, and furnished more than its quota of commissioned and non- 
commissioned officers. 

The regiment was mustered out July 8, 1865. Of the 2,047 regiments on 
the Union side during the war, the Fifth New Hampshire heads the list in losses 
in battle. 


Richard R. Davis, H, Captain, Wolfeborough 

Henry B. Randall, H, 1st Scrgt, 2d Lieut, 

John W. Fogj?, H, Sergeant, 

Lewis A. Chesley, H, Corporal, ,, 

Edgar Avery, H, ,, 

John F. Corson, H, killed June 30, 1862, ,, 

William Hussey, H, died of disease Dec. 13, 

1861, Wolfeborough 

William H. Hayes, H, 

Caleb T. Keniston, H, ,, 

Charles E. Tibbetts, H, 
Daniel Kimball, H, died of wounds June 15, 

1802, Wolfeborough 

Simeon B. Kenney, H, ,, 

Charles Tibbetts, H, „ 

Charles A. Libbey, II, ,, 

Ezra Nutt, H, „ 

William 15. Nason, H, 
John Sargent, II, died of disease Dec. 22, 

1861, Wolfeborough 

Ezra Tibbetts, H, „ 

.lame- W . Hooper, II, ,, 

Samuel Thomas, II, ,, 

William C. Maleham, H, 

John C Wallace, H, killed Dec. 13, 1862, ,, 

Charles A. Warren, II, died of wounds June 

'->, 1862, Wolfeborough 

Charles E. Sargent, II, ,, 

Jeremiah young, H, 

Charles (). Doe, H, musician, „ 

Benjamin F. Blaisdell, II, 

Sampson W. Townsend, 
wounded June 3, 1864, 
William <;. Allen, II, 
Mark G. Allen, D, 
John Doyle, H, 
Charles L. Hubbard, II, 
Charles A. Burbauk, B, 

E, 2d Lieutenant, 



Stephen Emery, B, Bartlett 

James C. Chesley, H, Brookfleld 

John C. Allen, H, 

Samuel M. Allen, H, „ 

John F. Chesley, II, „ 

Daniel Libbey, G, 2d Lieutenant, Tuftonborough 
Janvrin W. Graves, H, 2d Lieut, 1st Lieut, 

Capt., Tuftonborough 

John P. Canney, H, promoted Sergeant, ,, 
John H. Graves, H, Sergeant, died of dis- 
ease Dec. 20, 1861, Tuftonborough 
Charles H. Horn, II, „ 
Mark G. Chase, H, 

Andrew J. Fobs, A, killed July 2, 1S63, „ 

David B. Bean, H, „ 

Smith P. Davis, H, Moultonborough 

Albert Shaw, H, „ 

George W. Shaw, H, ,, 

Charles S. Sanborn, H, ,, 

Nathan II. Holmes, H, ,, 

Benjamin II. Rogers, H, Corporal, „ 

Converse C. Randall, H, died of disease 

Sept. 27, 1862, Moultonborough 

Joseph Whitten, II, 

John Bennett, H, ,, 

Charles O. Rogers, H, ,, 

Charles H. Dame, H, killed, Ossipee 

Henry Eldridge, H, „ 

Noah Shaw, II, ,, 

Jacob C. Clough, II, Corporal, ,, 

Alvah II. Garland, H, ,, 

James M. Ricker, II, „ 

Aaron N. Hanson, H, promoted Sergeant, ,, 

Charles A. Roberts, H, ,, 

Daniel C. Eaton, B, died of wounds July 2, 

1863, Sandwich 

Thomas C. Blanchard, H, died June 12, 1862, „ 
Charles H. Eaton, II, „ 

Military Affairs. 


George 8. Cook, H, 
llc/.ekiiih Davis, II, 
Daniel K. 1'arrotl, II, 

Ahin Gilman, n. 

William II. Da\i-, 
Willam BlgelOW, II, 


.lolm e. Avery, II, 
Freeman ISldridge, n, 
A lviu (i. Ila\ ward, !•', 
Joseph Dow ncs, ii, 
John ( '. Foss, H, 
Henry Bickford, II, 

Sandw Ich 





Henry Birmingham, 
Harry Burns, 
\v llllam Brow a, 
Frank Carpenter, 

• lame- II. Delacy, 
Michael Donnelley, 
James Pole] , 
John H. Garland, 
James Harvey, K, 
William s. Kimball, A, 
Charles King, 1), 
William Miller, 
Adam Miller, 
Martin McKenney, 








James McLoon, 
Edward McDonald, 
John McKeever, 
Peter McCabe, K, 
Wlnslow Norcutt, 
Thomas Prindible, 
Charles Shanley, 
George E. Sweet, 
Enos Stebedore, K, 
Charles II. Tibbetts, 
John Velon, G, 
Henry Weaver, 
Nathaniel Walsh, 




Conu ay 



Mark Allen, II, wounded June 3, 1864, Wakefield 
John Doyle, II, „ 

Charles EL Eaton, II, promoted Corporal, 

killed June 18,1864, Sandwich 

Elijah F. Marden, B, wounded June 17, 1864, 

promoted 2d Lieutenant Oct. 28, 1864, Wakefield 

Simeon 15. Kenney, Tuftonborough 

Ezra Tibbitts, H, Wolfeborough 

Ira Whittle, H, died April 6, 1864, „ 

Joseph Whittier, killed Aug. 25, 1864, 


The most of the recruits of this regiment were mustered in the latter part 
of 1864, and all the reenlisted veterans in January and February, 1864. 

Tin 1 Sixth Infantry. — This regiment was organized at Keene, in November, 
1861. General Nelson Converse, of Marlborough, of the old militia, was its 
colonel; Simon G. Griffin, of Nelson, late captain of Company B, Second 
Regiment, lieutenant-colonel ; and Charles Scott, of Peterborough, major. 
It served in several departments, being first ordered to the southern Atlantic 
coast, at Hatteras Inlet, N. C, and Roanoke Island; it then became a part 
of Burnside's corps, serving in Virginia, Maryland, Tennessee, and on the 
Mississippi. It took part in the momentous battles of South Mountain, 
Antietam, Second Bull Run, Fredericksburg, the siege of Vicksburg, and the 
closing scenes of the war with the army of the Potomac, in 1864 and 1865, 
and was mustered out July 22, 1865. 

This was an excellent regiment in discipline and effectiveness. Colonel 
Converse, its original commander, served only a few months, when Lieutenant- 
Colonel Griffin assumed command. He distinguished himself as an officer, and 
received the highest promotion accorded to a New Hampshire soldier, being 
brigadier and brevet-major-general. His home is now in Keene, although he 


History of Carroll County. 

has large interests in ranch property in Texas, to which he devotes considerable 
of his time. Nearly all of Company D of this regiment, both officers and 
men, went from this county with Samuel D. Quarles as captain, who after- 
ward was severely wounded and promoted to major and lieutenant-colonel, 
and is now a lawyer in large practice at his old home in Ossipee. 
The list below shows the casualties to have been numerous. 


Samuel D. Quark's, D, Captain, Major, Lieut- 
Colonel, wounded severely May 18, 1864, Ossipee 
Josiah N. Jones, D, first Lieut, promoted 

Captain Co. F, Wakefield 

Josiah Prescott, D, 1st Sergeant, 2d Lieut, 

killed 2d Bull Run, Aug. 29, 1862, Sandwich 

Robert T. Brown, D, Sergeant, 2d Lieut, Tam worth 
Henry J. Smith, 1), Serg't, died Jan. 21, 1862, Ossipee 
Orrin Paul, D, Sergeant, Eaton 

Joseph Mead, D, Corporal, Bartlett 

John G. Brown, D, Corporal, Eaton 

Samuel F. Lewis, D, Corporal, < (sslpee 

Mark Robertson, D, Corporal, killed 2d Bull 

Run, Eaton 

William H. Hanson, D, Corporal, missing 2d 

Bull Run, Ossipee 

Leander W. Brewster, D, Cor., died April 7, 

1862, Ossipee 

Hiram Jones, 1), Corporal, Wakefield 

John D. Sias, D, Corporal, Ossipee 

James S. Hunt, D, Musician, Chatham 

John G. Mason, D, Musician, Tamworth 

Greenleaf M. Abbott, D, Ossipee 

Frank Atwood, D, Sandwich 

Pembroke M. Blaisdell, D, promoted Serg't, Madison 
HoseaQ. Blaisdell, D, 

John Canney, D, Ossipee 

Fayette Charles, D, Conway 

James C. Clough, D, missing 2d Bull Run, Effingham 
Horace Clough, D, Effingham 

Eliphalet Clough, D, ,, 

John A. Dame, D, killed at Fredericksburg 

Dec. 13, 1862, Ossipee 

Frank E. Davis, D, missing 2d Bull Run, Wakefield 
Joseph G. Edwards, D, Effingham 

Augustus M. Edwards, D, ,, 

Charles Edwards, D, missing 2d Bull Run, ,, 
John F. Fall, D, died Feb. 22, 1862, < >ssipee 

Lorin Ferrin, D, Eaton 

Jeremiah Goldsmith, D, died of disease, 

Nov. 26, 1862, Ossipee 

William Goodwin, I>, Chatham 

Daniel P. Grant, D, Moultonborough 

Upton Hammond, D, Ossipee 

Addison G. Harmon,D, Madison 

Josiah D. Hatch, 1>, Albany 

John Hamilton, D, Conway 

William H. Ham, D, Albany 

Azros A. Ilarriman, D, Eaton 

James M. Ilarriman, D, died Jan. 20, 1862, Chatham 
Joseph D. Hawkins, D, Eaton 

Orrin J. Hawkins, D, missing 2d Bull Run, ,, 

Benjamin Heath, D, Conway 

Marquis L. Heath, D, ,, 

John F. Hutchins, D, missing, 2d Bull Run, Madison 
Thomas O. Hutchins, D, missing 2d Bull Run, „ 

Phinehas Keith, D, 
Jonas Kimball, D, 
William Kimball, D, 
Charles H. Kimball, D, 
Barzilla W. Leighton, D, 
Horatio Littlefield, D, 
William Willis Mead, D, 



Sewell McDaniel, D, missing 2d Bull Run, Sandwich 
Horace F. Mclntire, D, Conway 

John A. Nute, D, missing 2d Bull Run, Sandwich 
Thomas J. Nute, D, Wolfeborough 

William H. Palmer, D, Eaton 

Hiram S. Prescott, D, also 2d Mass. Cavalry, 

died in hospital, Sandwich 

Edward Roberts, D, Tamworth 

Samuel Ross, D, Albany 

Isaac B. Sawyer, D, Wolfeborough 

Horace Sceggell, D, missing 2d Bull Run, Ossipee 
Elias W. Smith, D, died March 30, 1863, Freedom 
Nathan Stacy, D, Madison 

Stephen F. Stacy, D, died of disease, Dec. 

11,1864, Madison 

Charles H. Tasker, D, missing 2d Bull Run, Ossipee 
Albion P. Thurston, D, „ 

James A. Tucker, D, Wakefield 

William E. Tucker, D, „ 

Cyrus B. Vittum, D, Sandwich 

William H. Wallace, D, „ 

David L. Wentworth, D, Brookfield 

Daniel H. Willey, D, Albany 

George H. Willey, D, missing 2d Bull Run, Conway 
Larkin E. Woodman, D, Tamworth 

Oren M. Goldsmith, G, died Jan. 22, 1862, Ossipee 
John Hanson, G, ,, 

Oliver Tasker, G, ,, 

John M. Emery, I, Sandwich 


Charles B.Abbott, D, died of disease, Nov. 

27,1864, Ossipee 

Almon Allard, D, Eaton 

Marcus Aldrich, I, wounded Sept. 30, 1864, 

Peter Anderson, I, Jackson 

Military Affairs. 


Edmund K. Brown, Ossipee 

John Brown, D, promoted Corporal, died oi 

wonnds, Ossipee 

Eollls Beau, n, (rounded May 12, 1864, Baton 

i Itto Backer, 15, Wolfeborough 

John Banzlger, K, ,, 

Boberl Banzlger, K. wounded May 18, 1864, ,, 
Louis Bender, B, Effingham 

John Butler, F, Moultonborough 

1 1 1 • 1 1 1 - > Bow ler, E, ,, 

William Baragan, I, Wakefield 

George W. Baxton, Ossipee 

William Buttrey, „ 

Edward K'. Bowman, I, Tamworth 

Alfred Burdett, Conwaj 

Antonc Boppe, C, ,. 

James Burk, Tuftonborough 

Benjamin F. Brown, F, ,, 

William Burns, „ 

Martin Birch, G, „ 

August Brown, Effingham 

James <>. Clements, n, died o£ wounds, 

William Collins, F, prisoner Sept. 30, 1864, 

John Cammel, Wakefield 

Edward Church, I, Moultonborough 

Denis i larney, C, Conway 

David Cochrane, Madison 

James Cross, Brookfield 

William II. Dame, 1), wounded May 0. 1864, Ossipee 
George Diesenbachcr, I'., Wolfeborough 

Loren Drew, D, ■ Eaton 

Joseph Durand, A, Effingham 

John Doolittle, Brookfield 

Michael Dugan, A, Jackson 

Percy Durgln, If, wounded July 17, 1864, died 

of wounds Sept. lit, 1864, Tamworth 

William Duck, A, Sandwich 

David Delancey, K, Tuftonhorough 

John Day, I), „ 

Gfeorge n. Emerson, D, wounded June 3, 

1864, Ossipee 

James Evans, C, wounded June 3, 1864, 

Francis N. Klwell, E, wounded May 6, 1804, 

Gottlob Eichiholz, K, Conway 

John Folsom, D, wounded June 23, 1864, Ossipee 

Michael Furay, I, Conway 

Charles Grunenthal, D, Effingham 

John Green, II, Moultonborough 

William Garner, F, Ossipee 

Thomas Gearj , <;. wounded Oct. 1, 1S64, Tamn orth 
Charles Gibson, B, Ossipee 

James Golden, H, wounded Maj 6, 1864, and 

June 3, 1864, I Issipee 

< barles A. Gilman, C, Sandwich 

Joseph Greer, Tuftonborough 

John C. Hanson, D, Ossipee 

Daniel Hanson, Jr, D, wounded May 6, 1864, „ 
William Howard, I, killed Spottsylvania 

May 12, 1864, Tuftonborough 

John llogan, A, ,, 

Christian llartman, K, Wolfeborough 

Jacob Hunziker, K, wounded May 12, L864, 

Peter Hanson, Wakefield 

Michael Eerrln, F, prisoner Oct. I, 1864, 

Ludwlg Henby, F, Wakefield 

Michael Eolllnshod, I, wounded May 12, 1864 

and June 19, 1864, killed June 24, L864, Freedom 
William D. Hambert, B, 
John T. Hams, Brookfield 

John Henderson, Sandw Ich 

• lames Harris, n 
James Ilillis, A, ,, 
Hose Hartford, D, Conway 
Peter Belyorsen, K, killed July 8, 1864, „ 
John Jennison, Tuftonborough 
Andrew Jones, D, wounded June ±1, 1864, 

died of wounds July ■'!, 1864, Eaton 

William II. Johnson, D, Wolfeborough 

< }eorge Jackson, „ 

Richard O. Jordan, E, Tamworth 

Edward King, A, Wakefield 

George Lewis, II, ,, 

Peter Light, G, ,, 

Timothy Larel, ,, 

William Linten, Tuftonborough 

Martin Leonard, E, wounded Oct. 1, 1864, Sandwich 
Joseph Morse, C, missing Pop. Grove Church 

Sept. 30, 1864, Ossipee 

John Murther, F, wounded July 30, 1864, 

Emile Muldaur, A, Wolfeborough 

Frank Meier, 15, wounded May 18, 1864, ,, 

Louis Malara, A, Effingham 

James McCockrin, K, Moultonborough 

Nichols Marteel, A, ,, 

Trueworthy L. Moulton, B, missing Wilder- 
ness May 6, 1864, Wakefield 
John Myers, A, ( Issipee 
August McKen/.ie, I, wounded June 23, 1864, 

Charles Martin, Ossipee 

George McArdle, Jackson 

Warren Morrill, F, Sandwich 

Samuel Murdoek, I, Conway 

Anton Myers, K, killed Cold Harbor June 3, 

1864, Conway 

Thomas Murray, C, ,, 

William M tiller, Wolfeborough 

James O'Connor, II, Jackson 

John H. Peavey, D, missing 2d Bull Run, 

Aug. 29, 1862, Ossipee 

i Jeorge I'almer, D, Eaton 

Rubin Pierre, A, wounded May 12, 1864, Effingham 
Francesco Ponte, F, wounded May 12, 1864, Wakefield 
George Pierce, C, Moultonborough 

Thomas Parker, B, Wakefield 

Nil hula- Pie-back, K, Tuftonhorough 

John H. Randall, Wolfeborough 

Charles Reiff, B, prisoner Pop. Grove Ch. 

Oct. 1, 1864, Wolfeborough 

Michael Roberts, Sandwich 

• lame- Kile\ . „ 

Edgar Sanborn, i>, wounded May 6, 1864, died 

of disease July 30, 1864, Ossipee 


History of Carroll County. 

Theodore Ballshaw, Wakefield 

Charles Snyder, D, Effingham 

Jens Marinus Schon, K, ,, 

George Scott, (i, wounded May 6, 1SG4, miss- 
ing Pop. Grove Sept. 30, 1864, Moultonborough 
William Smith, G, Wakefield 

George Smith, F, Moultonborough 

• lames Smith, A, Ossipee 

John Sullivan, A, missing Pop. Grove Sept. 

.in, 1804, Moultonborough 

Henry Smith, B, Wakefield 

John SUchelman, Jackson 

William Stratton, A, wounded July 30,1804, 

died of wounds July 31, 1864, Sandwich 

(Jeer.-.' Sullivan, Tuftonborough 

Robert Travers, A, ,, 

Theodore Van Ackersori, G, wounded July 

27, 1864, Conway 

Adolphe Vincent, B, 

John Wood, D, wounded May 18, 

of wounds May 31, 1804. 
Thomas Wallace, 
Joseph Wright, 
John A. Williams, E, 
Charles Webb, 
Henry Wagner, K, 
Isaac Willan, G, wounded June 21, 
Joseph P. Wilson, B, 
Francis Williams, 15, 
William Wilson, B, 
Harry Wilson, F, 
John Welch, 
John Weaver, K, 
John Waltch, 
Daniel Williams, D, 
William Young, 

1864, died 





1804, Freedom 








Pembroke M. Blaisdell, D, Sergeant, missing 

in action May 0, 1804, Madison 

John G. Brown, D, 1st Sergeant, killed July 

30, 1804, Conway 

Hosea Q. Blaisdell, D, Corporal, wounded 

May 9, 1864, Madison 

Joseph G. Edwards, 1), Corporal, wounded 

May 18, 1804, Effingham 

William Goodwin, D, Chatham 

Addison G. Harmon, D, Sergeant, prisoner 

Pop. Grove Sept. 30, 1S64, Madison 

John Hamilton, D, Corporal, prisoner Pop. 

Grove Ch. Sept. 30, 1864, Conway 

John G. Mason, D, Musician, Tamworth 

William E. Tucker, D, Corporal, prisoner 

May 6, 1864, Wakefield 

Cyrus B. Vittum, D, wounded May 6, 1804, Sandwich 
David L. Wentworth, D, Brookfield 

The above-named recruits and veterans were mostly mustered in and 
remustered the latter part of 1863 and early in 1864. 

The Seventh Infantry. — This command, raised under exceptional cir- 
cumstances, by authority of the secretary of war, went into camp at Manchester 
in October, 1861, with Lieut. Haldiman S. Putnam, of the Regulars, — a native 
of Cornish, in Sullivan county, — as colonel, Joseph C. Abbott, late adjutant- 
general, as lieutenant-colonel, and Daniel Smith, of Dover, as major. 

This regiment, which was exceptionally well prepared by drill and discipline 
for its later experience, left the state on January 14, 1862, and was sent by 
transport to the Dry Tortugas, Fla, where it garrisoned Fort Jefferson and 
other important works. In June it was sent to Beaufort, S. C, and then to 
St Augustine, Fla. It participated in the historic attack on Fort Wagner, 
Charleston harbor, July 18, 1863, where its colonel was killed after having 
effected an entrance to the fort, although our forces were afterward repulsed. 
It served with the Tenth Corps during the closing scenes of the war near 
Petersburg and Richmond. It engaged in storming and capturing Fort Fisher, 
near Wilmington, N. C, and through all its arduous service acquitted itself 
with great persistence, devotion, and bravery. It was mustered out July 22, 
1865, and reached Concord early in August of that year. 

So far as the records show, there appear to have been but very few, only 
two at first, from this county, though the rolls of all the companies show 

Military Affairs. 


residence "unknown" of nearlj all its members, making accuracy of compi- 
lation uncertain. 

Charles P. Kenlaton, l, Tamworth Jesse C Fenlng, I, 



Patrick Barritt, D, 

Joseph Hanks, II, 

Daniel Burns, i>, wounded 

Charles Brown, A, 
John Butler, A, 
William Birnle, A, 
Lulgl Cappelli, P, 
Henry n. Churchill, A, 
John Clark, F, 
Michael Daley, C, 
Aglsto Delhuons, E, 
Charles J. Drennan, E, 
Oeorirc K. Downs, 
William KilV, I, 
William Frazor, I, 
A.UgU8t Frank, E, 
James Parley, 6, 
.lames Gunnell, 
Samuel Hughs, I, missing 
Fell. 90, 18fi4, 

Waldemar Hoff, P, 

John II. Harriman, B, miss 

Peb. 30, 1864, 
Charles Ilelmer, E, 
Michael Hollosen, G, 
Howard Barley, G, 
Edward Hill, K, 
William Jones, A, missing 

Albert Johnson, A, 
Joseph Knox, G, 

aeverel) Peb. 20, 













at Olustee, Fla, 

Log, Olustee, Fla, 






in action, Oct. 1, 




Thomas Kuran, A, Moultonborough 

John King, A, Sandwich 

Michael Kelley. G, Tamworth 

John McDonald, P, wounded May 14, l»a, 

John Mayer, 15, wounded May 10, 1864, 

Patrick McGuiness, H, Moultonborough 

Daniel Mullen, II, Tamworth 

John Maddock, II, Jackson 

William Moore, Effingham 

William Nichols, B, missing, Olustee, Fla, 

Peb. '20, 1864, Moultonborough 

Nicholson Murdock, G, missing, Olustee, Fla, 

Feb. 20, 1804, 
Jerry Ryans, C, 
Peter Sinclair, B, 
Gurgan Sunberman, 

Feb. 26, 1804, 
James P. Spiller, I, 
Wilmot Sanford, I, 


Wake Held 

G, wounded mortally 




Frederick Stoumeier, I, ,, 

Robert J. Thomas, K, captured, Olustee, Fla, 

Feb. 20, 1804, 
Clements Volgel, H, ,, 

George Von Martini, II, Wolfeborough 

William Wallace, II, wounded May 11, 1864, 

John Williams, First, D, Jackson 

George Wilson, D, Tamworth 

Patrick Walsh, D, missing near Richmond, 

Oct. 6, 18G4, Jackson 

Reenlhted Veterans. — Ivoiy Abbott, I, killed by shell near Petersburg, Va, 
August 27, 1864, Ossipee ; Hazen P. Carlton, H, Jackson ; Moses Ferrin, H, 
Tamworth; Silas Leroy, G, Ossipee. 

The recruits for this regiment were mustered in the latter part of 186:5 and 
in 1864, and all the veterans remustered in February, 1864. 

Tin' Eighth Infantry. — This three-years regiment was organized at Man- 
Chester, served valiantly on the Atlantic and Gulf coasts, at Baton Rouge, 
Port Hudson, and Sabine Pass, Texas; reenlisted, and underwent all the hard- 
ships of battle, siege, and sickness in an unhealthy climate being finally 
mustered out at Concord in January, 1865, and its veteran battalion in October 
of the same year. Its officers were: Hawkes Fearing, of Manchester, colonel; 
Oliver W. Lull, of Milford, who had been an aid to Gen. George Stark, of 
the state service at Portsmouth, and who was killed at Port Hudson, lieutenant- 
colonel; and Morrill B. Smith, of Wakefield, major. 


History of Carroll County. 

For a time this regiment was mounted, and known as the Second New 
Hampshire Cavalry. Carroll was well represented in this regiment by officers, 
non-commissioned officers, and men. Major Morrill B. Smith, though then tempo- 
rarily living in Concord, was a lifelong resident of Wakefield, had been a 
colonel in the old state militia, and was the only brother of the young and 
gallant Lieutenant Smith of the United States army, who was killed while lead- 
ing a forlorn hope in an attempt to scale the ramparts of Chapultepec, near the 
city of Mexico, in the Mexican war, in less than four years after he was 
graduated from West Point. 

Major James R. Newell, born in Rrookfield, December 5, 1839, enlisted in 
1861 in the Eighth New Hampshire Volunteers, and served faithfully during the 
war, participating in over forty actions. June 14, 1863, then a first lieutenant 
and acting captain, he led his company in a disastrous charge on rebel earth- 
works in the rear of Port Hudson, where, out of a total of 227, his regiment 
lost 126 men. Here he was severely wounded, and was captured. Escaping 
after some weeks, he was engaged in nearly every battle fought in the Depart- 
ment of the Gulf, and also did admirable service as a scout amid almost insur- 
mountable obstacles and difficulties. He was promoted for personal gallantry 
to all offices from the ranks up to major, was a brave and gallant soldier, and did 
honor to the service and himself. He died in Wolfeborough, March 1, 1880, 
and the G. A. R. Post at that place is named in his honor. 


Morrill B. Smith, Major, Wakefield 

George F. Richardson, E, 1st Lieut, Oapt. 

James R. Newell, I, Serg't, 2d Lieut, 1st Lieut, 

Capt. E, Major, Wolfeborough 

Elphonzo G. Colby, I, Captain, ,, 

Smith N. Welch, B, Effingham 

Charles Young, B, Ossipee 

Daniel R. Kenney, D, Serg't, Capt., 2d La. 

Vol's, Sandwich 

Charles c Iloyt, D, Corporal, Moultonborough 

Eli N. Cotton, D, „ 

Brackett IS. Lamprey, D, ,, 

Alonzo G. Lamprey, D, died of disease, 

February i), 1sg2, Moultonborough 

William B. Young, I), died Feb. 2, 1SG2, 

George JI. Hurd, 1, 1st Serg't, killed Oct. 28, 

L862, Wolfeborough 

Solomon (i. Pool, I, Sergeant, Freedom 

Charles F. Brewster, I, Serg't, died June 22, 

1862, ( (ssipee 

George Elliott, I, Corporal, Wolfeborough 

James \Y. Johnson, I, Cor., promoted Serg't, 

Daniel W. Stoakes, I, Cor., died Nov. 1, 1S62, 

John D. Goodwin, 1, Wagoner, died Nov. 20, 

1862, Eaton 

James C. Blaisdell, I, promoted Cor., died 

Sept. 20, 1864, Tamworth 

John C. Blanchard, I, Eaton 

John L. Hodge, I, died March 29, 1863, Ossipee 

Horatio G. Sawyer, 1, Bugler, promoted 2d 

Lieutenant, Ossipee 

Charles T. Burnham, I, Wakeiield 

Joseph P. Burbank, I, Tamworth 

George W. Chesley, I, promoted Corporal, Etlingham 
John Colby, I, Tuftonborough 

Hanson L. Dore, I, promoted Corporal, died 

October, 1863, 


Tobias M. Elliott, I, 



AVilliam M. Elliott, 



John H. Emery, I, 


Augustus D. Ferrin 



Luther E. Head, 1, 


Samuel Henderson, 



William Jenness, I, 


John Lovering, 1, d 

ed July 24, 



Joseph Moody, I, 


Charles E. Moulton, 



Thomas J. Moulton, 



Henry Marchington 

. I, 


Charles N. Moulton, 



Urias Richards, I, 


John S. Stokes, I, 


Benjamin Stokes, 1, 


Elias Towle, 2d, I, 


Military Afpa crs. 


Brastue Ward, l, Freedom 

,i. 3epb in x inn % , I, died March -'. 1863, ,, 

Jeremiah i>. Tlbbltts, [, w olfeborough 

Berber) I - .. Tlbbltts, i, died January :», 18H8, 

John B. Lamprey, Tuftonborough 


Frederick (.. n. Unslle, 

William D. Adams, 

George \ . Bonn, 

John Collin-, 

Henry i). ( base, H, Mini .July 

Nlchele < lose . 

August? I lase, B, 

Tlmothj Concklin, B, Missing 

Roads, I. a, April 8, 1864, 
Peter I astague, I . 
John Crawford, B, 
Louis De I. a Val. K, Missing 

Roads, I. a, April S, 1864, 
Julius Dusch, D, 
Joseph French, II, w Frank, E, 
Hen Gardner, 
Michael K. Kennej , C, 
Eteorge Kneller, E. 
Edward Krebs, F, 
Thadeus Low, E, died May i">, 
John Meyer, D, 


'I'm i i i w orih 

28, 1864, Sandwich 

Sabine < Iross 

Sabine Cross 

Samlw ich 




Charles F. Miller, C, Sandwich 

Henry Mun/.er, C, „ 

Berman G. Miller, G, Tamworth 

Adam Meyer, C, Effingham 

Benjamin Morrill, E, Tamworth 
James Noyce, Wolfeborough 
Hermann Rock, Moultonborough 

Nicholas Roman, C, Sandw Ich 

Andrew Roch, ,, 

Peter Rarmej . I , Tamworth 
Eben Richards, Wolfeborough 

Kerl Steins, II, Effingham 

Henry Scott, (', promoted Corporal, Tamworth 

Otis Sammet, ,, 

George Seaver, Sandwich 

Jacob Spies, ,, 

William i:. Thompson, II. Wakefield 
William II. Ware, C, promoted Serg't, Tamworth 

Ludwig Wachner, Sandwich 

Henry Wagner, E, Wakefield 

John Young, E, „ 

Tteenlisted Veterans. — George W. Chesley, I, sergeant, Freedom; Merrill 
Dow, H, died of disease August 13, 1864, Wakefield; George Elliott, I, ser- 
geant, Wolfeborough ; Tobias M. Elliott, I, Wolfeborough; Samuel H. Hender- 
son, I, captured Sabine Gross Roads, La, April 8, 1864, Eaton; Luther E. 
Head, I, Tamworth ; James W. Johnson, I, sergeant, captured Sabine Cross 
Roads, La, April 8, 1864, Wolfeborough; Henry Marchen ton, I, Wolfeborough ; 
William Rounds. I. bugler, Freedom; L T rias Richards, I, Freedom; John S. 
Stokes, I, corporal, Freedom; Horatio G. Sawyer, I, bugler, promoted 2d Lieu- 
tenant, Ossipee : Benjamin Stokes, I, Freedom ; Jeremiah D. Tibbitts, I, 
corporal, Wolfeborough. 

The recruits for this regiment were mustered late in 1863 and in 1864, and 
all the veterans in January, 1864. 

The Ninth Infantry. — This regiment was recruited more slowly than its 
predecessors, and was, perhaps, the first thai experienced to any considerable 
extent the effect of the "bounty" system. 

It went into camp in Concord in June, 1862, and left for the front August 
2"), under Colonel E. Q. Fellows, formerly of the Third. It was a gallant regi- 
ment, and performed heroic service. 

In less than three weeks from the time it left the state, it fought in the 
battles of South Mountain and Antietam, where Lieutenant-Colonel Titus was 
wounded early in the action, leaving Colonel Fellows the only field officer, the 
major not having then joined the regiment. It lost heavily at Fredericksburg, 


Histoby of Carroll County. 

the battles of the Wilderness in 1864, and the closing conflicts of the war. Its 
service was in the Ninth Corps, under Burnside, in Maryland, Virginia, Ken- 
tucky, .Mississippi, and Tennessee, and it was mustered out in June, 1865. 
Josiah Stevens, Jr, who was major Cor a few days in the Second, was appointed 

lieutenant-col 1. and on his resignation the same day, Herbert B. Titus, of 

( hesterfield, late lieutenanl in the Second, who had been commissioned major, 
was immediately promoted to lieutenant-colonel, and George W. Everett, of 
New London, was commissioned major. 

The viv Eew who went from Carroll at first were nearly all commissioned 
and non-commissioned officers. William N. Cook, of Wakefield, the first adju- 
tant, died before joining the regiment, and George H. Chandler, of Concord, 
a brother of Senator Chandler, was commissioned adjutant, and on the death of 
Major Everett, August -1, 1 SOS, was promoted major, and afterward lieutenant- 
colonel. After the war Lieutenant-Colonel Chandler became a successful 
lawyer ai Baltimore, and died within a few years. 


i Q. Fellows, Colonel, Sandwich 

w in. v Cook, Adjutant, died 9, 1862, Wakefield 
.luliii S. Emerson, assistant Surgeon, Sandwich 

Albert <•. Merrill, l>, second Lieutenant, Conway 
Henry a. Boothby, L>, Corporal, promoted 

first Sergeant, wounded twice, Conway 

Uosea A. Pettengill, C, Sergeant, Sandwich 

Orsmon Drown, I), woumleil May 12, 1864, 

killed, Spottsj Ivania, Va, May 17, 1804, Bartlett 
Mark G. Staples, 11, Corporal, Wakefield 

Martin J. McGraw, II, died Dec. 4, 1802, Wakefield 
Charles A. Wood, K, Cor., died Dec, 1S62, Freedom 
George M. Loring, K, wounded Dec. 13, 1862, Ossipee 
William Buttles, K, killed in action, July 30, 

1864, Tamworth 

Samuel C. Meader, K, wounded at Antietam, „ 
William II. Nichols, K, died at Paris, Ky, 

Oct. 29, 18G3, Wakefield 

Eben Eldredge, K, Ossipee 

Jacob C Dore, K, ,, 


Daniel Babb, D, prisoner, paroled Oct. 18, 

L864, died Nov. l, 1864, Conway 

John Brush, ll, wounded July 30, 1S04, Effingham 
Henry Colin, E, Sandwich 

ii < arter, B, cai.tur.-d Sept. 30, 1864, 
paroled Oct. 7, 1864, Wakefield 

Martin Dodd, A, Wolfeborough 

Daniel Grant, B, Jackson 

Marquis Heath, D, died July 30, 1864, Conway 

.lame- Moran, G, Effingham 

William C. Mclntyre, D, Eaton 

William B. Perkins, D, killed in action May 

12, 1864, Conway 

William Smith, G, Wolfeborough 

Harry Simer, G, Chatham 

James Smith, G, Brooklield 

James Smith, G, Sandwich 

Thomas Stevens, G, missing in action, Sept. 

30, 1864, Madison 

John Welsh, A, missing at Fop. Grove Ch., 

Sept. 30, 1804, Conway 

'l'!"' above-named recruits were all mustered in 1863 and 1864. 

The Tenth Infantry. — This command, popularly known as the Irish regi- 
ment, was organized at Manchester, and principally from that city and southern 
portions of the state. It went into camp in August, 1862, and was mustered 
the September following, Michael T. Donohoe being colonel, John Coughlin, 
Lieutenant-colonel, and Jesse T. Angell, major. It was a part of the Ninth 
Corps, and served in Virginia and the Carolina**, being engaged in the opera- 


lions of 1864-65, iii the reduction of Petersburg and Richmond, and 

mustered out June 21, 1 8(35. 

Colonel Donohoe had served as captain in the Third Regimenl for 
was an accomplished and meritorious officer, and was advanced to the ran] 
brigadier. He has, since the war, been engaged in railway pursuits, and is at 
present an inspector of the postoffice department. Lieutenant-Colonel Coughlin, 
after serving with distinction, entered business in Washington after the war, 
where he has attained affluence. 

So far as the records show, none were mustered in at first IV this county, 

and only two appear to be credited as recruits: George W. Coffran, Com 
wounded severely June 3, 1864; and Daniel McKenzie, Bartlett. The rolls 
show a large number "residence unknown," but I think it safe to say that lew 
of those were from Carroll. 

The Eleventh Infantry. — This command was recruited in August, 1862, 
and went into camp at Concord, leaving the state September 11. It was a 
part of the Ninth Corps, served in Virginia, Kentucky. Tennessee, and was 
engaged at Fredericksburg, Vicksburg, the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Peters- 
burg, and the closing scenes of the war. It was a regiment composed of 
admirable material, occupied a large share of public attention, and did excellent 

Its original officers were Walter Harriman, of Warner, colonel, Moses N. 
Collins, of Exeter, lieutenant-colonel, and Evarts W. Farr, of Littleton, major. 
Colonel Harriman was brevetted brigadier-general, and after the war was for 
several years secretary of state, also governor, and naval officer of the port of 
Boston. He died June 1, 1884. Lieutenant-Colonel Collins was killed at 
the Wilderness, May 6, 1864, and Major Fair served through the war. was 
elected to Congress in 1878, and reelected in November, L880. He died the 
December following, at his home in Littleton. 


Oilman Bickford, C, wounded severely, Dec. 

18, 1862, Tainworth 

Bonce F. Benn, < !, ,, 

George W. Chandler, C, wounded Dec. 13, 

1862, Bartlett 

George W . Oilman, 0, Tannvorth 

David M. Oilman, C, wounded Dee. 13, 1862, 

Tamvt orth 
Cyrus B. James, C, died of disease, Nov. 11, 

L862, Tamwortb 

James C. Johnson, C, wounded Dec. 13, 1863, 


Henry T. Page, C, 

Levi F. Stanley, C, wounded June 17, 1864, 
promoted Corporal, missing Sept. 30, L8< 1, 


David J. Sanborn, C, 

Joel S. Sanborn, C, wounded Dec. 18, 1862, 


John Tredrlck, Jr, K, Wakcfleld 

i:u:vi:nti[ i:k<.imi:xt i:i;< 1:1 its. 

•lame- M. Brown, K, died of disease, April 

30, 1864, Freedom 

James Bly, Bartlett 

Edward Boucher, K, wounded severely, June 

l7| | BartleU 

John S. Collins, Bedom 


History of Caeroll County. 

William Baker, F, died oi wounds received, 

June it. I Wolfeborough 

Henrj Davis, Jackson 

James D Albany 

John Doyle, Wakefield 

Eugei H.missingal PegramHouse, 

\ a, Sept. 30, 1864, Wolfeborough 

i'. ter Parnan, ,> 

John M.Goodwin, C, died of disease, April 

in, 1- Baton 

George A. Lewis, E, wounded May <'>, 1804, 

Love, ,, 

Lewis LaMarsh, !•', wounded June 10, 1864, Eaton 
Jacob Bfaihoefer, Wakefield 

Boberl Miller, H, Wolfeborough 

William Minnie, D, wounded June L6, 1864, 

missing In action July SO, 1864, Albany 

Charles Schmidt, Wakefield 

John Sullivan, E, died of wounds near 

Petersburg, Va, Aug. 29, 1864, Freedom 

John Szulezewski, K, Brookfield 

Antonio Tomas, Wakefield 

John Turner, E, wounded severely July 30, 

1864, Freedom 

George Williams, ,, 

Fritz Winter, Wolfeborough 

John Wall, 
John Williams, B, missing near Petersburg, 

Va, July 30, 1864, Wolfeborough 

John Walker, „ 

John C. Wentvvorth, E, wounded severely 

July 30, 1S64, died Aug. 17, 1864, Bartlett 

George Weller, Wolfeborough 

Charles Lamprey (enlisted from Epsom), 


These recruits were mustered in late in 1863 and early in 1864. 

The Twelfth Infantry. — This command was raised within less than one 
week, in August, 1862, in the region around Lake Winnipiseogee. It was 
understood that the men were to select their own officers, and detachments 
and companies were made up from localities, so that the aggregate was more 
like the muster of a highland clan than like a common regiment. It was the 
fervent desire of all that the veteran, Thomas J. Whipple, a soldier of two 
wars, late of the First and Fourth, and one of the most accomplished officers 
in the state, should be placed in command ; but the Executive failed to ratify 
this wish, and Joseph H. Potter, a New Hampshire man, and an accomplished 
officer of the regular army, was commissioned colonel, with John F. Marsh, 
of Nashua, as lieutenant-colonel, and George D. Savage, of Alton, as major. 

The regiment served with distinction in Virginia during its entire enlist- 
ment. This county was well represented in the Twelfth. Its chaplain, Thomas 
I.. Ambrose, from Ossipee, was wounded severely July 24, 1864, and died 
of wounds, August 19, 1864. Nearly the entire Company K, officers and men, 
were from Wolfeborough and Tuftonborough; while large details of other 
companies were from Moultonborough and a few other towns. William P. 
Ham, of Sandwich, who went out as a sergeant in Company I, and was 
promoted to second lieutenant, was severely wounded at Cold Harbor, June 3, 
1864, and died of wounds the fifteenth of the same month. The casualties in 
this regimenl were exceptionally numerous, and those who went from Carroll 
fully shared in them, as the list below will show. Colonel Potter survived the 
war, and has recently gone upon the retired list of the army as a brigadier. 
Major Savage, a great favorite with all the "boys," was long a popular character 
at all soldier gatherings, and died greatly lamented, within a few years, at his 
home at Alton. 

The veterans of New Hampshire have two notable reminders of the gallant 
Twelfth — Colonel Nathaniel Shackford, the indefatigable secretary of the 


Veterans' Association, and the "Memorial Stone" at the Weirs, thi 
comrade Woodbury Sanborn, now of Lowell. 


Thomas L. Ambrose, Chaplain, wounded 

severely July 24, 1864, died of wounds 

Aug. l'.t, 1864, OBBipee 

John m. Emerson, Q, 1st Lieut, Moultonborough 
William P. Sam, I, Serg't, promoted 2d 

l.ieut, Juno :i, 1864, died June 15, ist;4, Sandwich 
Silas May, K, Captain, wounded May :i, 1863, 

William F. Dame, K, 1st Lieutenant, Tuftonborough 
Ephralm W. Rloker, K, 2d Lieut, promoted 

1st Lieut, Tuftonborough 

Adams Eastman, A, wounded May 9, 18G4, 

missing at Bermuda Hundred, Nov. 17, 

1S64, Bartlett 

Alpheus Llttlefleld, A, 

Elbrldge Jacobs, G, Sergeant, Moultonborough 

Charles W. Hoit, G, Cor., Serg't, wounded 

severely June 8, 1864, Moultonborough 

Charles W. Drown, G, Wagoner, ,, 

Edward IT. Clark, G, captured on picket at 

Bermuda Hundred Nov. 17, 1S64, Moultonborough 
David Clement, G, „ 

George B. Clement, died at Falmouth, Va., 

Dec. 9, 1862. Moultonborough 

Henry P. Dow, G, ,, 

Charles F. Garland, G, ,, 

Charles II. Borne, G, wounded May, 1864, ,, 
Albert W. Ilayford, G, Tamworth 

William L. Johnson, G, ,, 

Thomas Kelley, G, Mounded May 3, 1863, 

John 15. Lelghton, G, wounded May 3, 1863, ,, 
Lyman F. Moulton, G, ,, 

Edwin W. Shannon, G, wounded May 3, 

1863, Moultonborough 
Alfred G. Sanborn, G, promoted Corporal, 

wounded May 3, 1864, Tuftonborough 

Levi Whiting, G, Tamworth 

Joseph F. Wentworth, G, promoted Cor., 

killed Gettysburg July 2, 1863, Moultonborough 
Wm. B. Worth, G, killed Chancellorsvllle 

May 3, 1863, Moultonborough 

John w. Babb, II, Bartlett 

George i\ Dlnsmore, H, ,, 

John II. Dearborn, II, ,, 

Beuben Emery, II, killed May 3, 1868, 
Joshua S. Hill, H, died Sept. 1, 1863, Conway 

John W. Hill, II, missing in action June 3, 

1864, Bartlett 
Samuel A. Seavey, K, 1st Sergeant, Tuftonborough 
David P. llaines, K, Sergeant, Wolfeborough 
Marquis D. L. McDuffee, K, Serg't, wounded 

May ::, 1863, Tuftonborough 

Freeman 0. Willey, K, sergeant, ,, 

Joseph Morgan, Jr, K, Sergeant, Wolfeborough 

Jacob 15. Tattle, Iv, Corporal, ,, 

Charles Sullivan, K, Corporal, killed (ban 

cellorsville May 3, 1863, Tuftonborough 

Enoch C. Piper, K, I or., promoted Serg't, 
wounded twice, died of wounds \ 
1864, Tuftonborough 

Daniel W. Horner, K, Corporal, 

< lharles A . Warren, K, ( orporal, capture.! on 
picket at Bermuda Hundred, Nov. it, 
1864, Wolfeborough 

William 15. Bandall, K, ( orporal, 

Wilbra W. Sweet, K, Corporal, 

John L. Canney, K, Corporal, Tuftonborough 

Jacob Hans K, Musician, Wolfeborough 

Charles EL Adjutant, K, died May 7, I 


Samuel D. Adjutant, K, ,, 

Charles Blake, K, died Jan. 9, 1863, 

Charles ii. Bickford, K, Wolfeborough 

Nathaniel W. Bradley, K, 
Amos E. Bradley, K, wounded June 2, 1864, ,, 
George II. Blake, K, ,, 

Noah E. Colcord, K, Tuftonborough 

George T. Clark, K, ,, 

William D.Clark, K, 

Thomas C. Dame, K, ,, 

Greenlief Davis, K, Wolfeborough 

Samuel S. Eaton, K, ,, 

Abial C. Eaton, K, wounded June, 1864, ,, 

Japhet Emery, K, died Jan. 27. 1864, „ 

Dexter J. Folsom, K, promoted Sergeant, 

wounded several) May 16,1864, Effingham 

Everett E. Fall, K, wounded May :5, 1868, 

William B. Fullerton, K, Wolfeborough 

George B. Frost, K, wounded Maj 3, 1868, ,, 
George W. Horn, K, ,, 

Munroe Hartshorn, K, ,, 

Thomas K. Horn, K, ,, 

Oscar F. Horn, K, ,, 

Joseph Hodsdon, K, wounded May •'!, 1863, 

Franklin Hodsdon, K, died Jan. 14, 1863, „ 
Frank L. Holmes, K, ,, 

Joseph N. Hersey, K, died Dec. 27, 1862, 
Timothy A. Daley, K, „ 

John M . Kimb:ill,.K, Wolfeborough 

.lame- W. Libbey, K, died Aug. 27, 1863, „ 
Daniel Leary, K, promoted < or., killed Chan- 

cellorsvllle Maj 3, 1863, Tuftonborough 

Levi W. Ladd, K, wounded severelj June :;, 

1864, Tuftonborough 

Russell Moulton, k, killed June 8, 1864, 

James Moulton, K, wounded June 3, 1864, ,, 

Jacob Moulton, K, died Feb. 22, 1864, 

Asa B. I'ipei', K, wounded June '-', 1864, „ 

Joseph F. Plummer, K. ,, 

Joseph T. Phillips, K, Effingham 

William B. Pierce, K . Wolfeborough 

William Peavej . K, 
John w. Stevens, K, promoted < or. 


History of Carroll County. 

Ephraim W. Bicker, K, promoted Serg'l and 

2d Lieut, Tuftonhorough 

James P. Smith, K, killed al Gettysburg July 

2 t i- Wolfehorougb 

Isaac Stevens, K, wounded .inly !), 1864, ,, 

Lorlng Stoddard, K, wounded Maj 3, 1863, „ 
James H. Seavey, K. Tuftonborough 

Franklin Stewart, K, died May 27, L863, 
George W . Swett, K, died Jan. 15, L863, „ 
John Thomas, K , ,, 

James E.Tibbcts, K.dled Jan. 16, 1863, w olfeborough 
Moses Thompson, 2d, K, ,. 

Moses F. Thompson, K, Wolfeborough 

John M. Thompson, K, wounded severely, 

died of wounds June 16, 1S64, Wolfeborough 
George D. Wiggin , K, Tuftonborough 

James S. Wiggin, K, promoted Corporal, 

wounded severely June 3, 1864, Tuftonborough 
John T. Wiggin, K, „ 

Charles B. Wiggin, K, „ 

Levi H. Wiggin, K, ,, 

John A. Wiggin, K, wounded May 3, 1863, 

ami June 1864, Tuftonborough 


John Adams, D, 

Joseph Anderson, 

Charles Brown, E, killed Cold Harbor, \'a, 

June ::. 1864, 
Thomas Barry, K, 
Andrew Brackett, K, Musician, 
George Ford, K, Musician, 
Edward S. Hinds, C, 


Benjamin Kimball, K, 



Jackson Lafleur, A, 



Thomas Murphy, 



Samuel J. Nutt, F, 



John M. O'Brien, Musician, 



Michael Robinson, II, Musician, 



Edward Stanley, K, 



William Stearns, 


The above-named recruits were mustered in at different times during 1863 
and 1864. 

T/ie Thirteenth Infantry. — This regiment went into camp at Concord, in 
September, 1862, with Aaron F. Stevens, of Nashua, late major of the First 
Regiment, colonel; George Bowers, also of Nashua, a veteran of the Mexican 
war, lieutenant-colonel; and Clement Storer, of Portsmouth, major. It left 
the state early in October, and its service throughout was in Virginia. It was 
mustered out June 20, 1865, and arrived home about the first of July. It 
was engaged at Fredericksburg, Suffolk, Drury's Bluff, Petersburg, and, in 
other notable conflicts, and on all occasions won and maintained high credit. 

Colonel Stevens was brevetted brigadier, and Avas subsequently a member of 
Congress. I [e was distinguished as a public man and lawyer, and died early in 
1887, at his home in Nashua, honored and respected by all. 

Company A of this regiment went from this county, chiefly from the 
eastern and northern part, with William Grantman, of Wakefield, as captain, 
ami Buel C. Carter and Charles B. Gafney, of Ossipee, as first and second 
lieutenants. Captain Grantman was subsequently promoted to major and 
Lieutenant-colonel; Lieutenant Carter to captain and assistant quartermaster; 
Second Lieutenant Gafney to first lieutenant and captain ; and Sergeant Henry 
Churchill, of Brookfield, to second lieutenant. Captain Carter was wounded, 
and after the war practised law several years in Wolfeborough, till, his health 
failing, he moved to Rollinsford, and died a few years later. He was a good 
Lawyer, bright, young, and ambitious, but ill-health crippled him, and death cut 
him down in the midst of his career and usefulness. 

Military Affairs. 159 

This biographical sketch from the pen of Captain Gafney may not be 

amiss : — 

Buel Clinton Carter was born In Ossipee, \. B., Januarj 20,1840. He attended thecomi i bcI I, "Tl 

.\.:nltiii \ at Wolfeborough, fitting tor college ill I'hlillps i iitei Icadem He entered •» 

graduating In 1863. He was a classmate with W. n. n. Mm-raj , Joseph Cook, and i>. II. Chamberlain, ol 

Carolina. On bis return home from college his aer\ Ices were offered In organizing Company V.Thirtcenl 

Hampshire Volunteers, and he was mustered luto the service as a Brsl Lieutenant. At the battle ol 

burg, December 13, 1882, he was severely wounded, in July, 18( med captain, and In 1864 

as captain and acting quartermaster, and assigned to dutj In the artlllerj brigade ol the Eighteenth Axmj 


In 1865 be was brevetted major, and was mustered oul of the Bervlce at the close of the war. and was 
subsequently deputy collector of Internal revenue Cor southwestern Virginia. On his return from the army and 
his official duties In Virginia, he commenced the study of hi- profession In the office of his father, Sanborn B. 
Carter, Esq., and alter admission to the bar, located at Wolfeborough n here for ten . ears he had a lucrative and 
successful practice, holding tor several terms the office of prosecuting attorney for Carroll county, in i 
reason of tailing health, — " the sequence of exposure in army life," — he was compelled to relinquish bo 
temporarily, and removed to Rollinsford (to a farm two miles northeast of Dover) where he sought t" regain 
his health and strength by devoting his time to out-of-door pursuits. In 1870 he became a member "i the law 
linn of Carter ami Nason, ami practised his profession in Dover. In 1881 he wa- appointed hank commissioner, 
and held that office at the time ol' his death, December 1 1. 1886. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Gran tm an was mustered first May -!•'!, 1861, as a 
private in company H, First Massachnset ts Infantry, where he served over .1 
year, being wounded three times at the first battle of Bull bun. and twice near 
Yorktown. While recovering from these wounds he happened to be in \V 
iield at the time the Thirteenth Regiment was being raised, and al the earnest 
solicitation of the citizens of that town he consented to accept the captaincy 
of company A, which was raised through the patriotic efforts of himself and 
others. He was subsequently promoted to major and lieutenant-colonel, and 
commanded the regiment (when not sick), while Colonel Stevens was in com- 
mand of a brigade, but was finally reluctantly compelled by continued ill-health 
to leave the service, and has since the war been in business in Boston. Lieu- 
tenant Gafney was severely wounded near Petersburg, .lime 15, 1864, was 
promoted to captain, and is now a successful lawyer at Rochester, in the prime 
of life, and with bright prospects of success before him. It appears from the 
record that Lieutenant Churchill, of Brookfield, was a very efficient officer, and 
would have made a large mark had his health been good. "He was brave, 
prompt, fa i tli ful, and thorough as a soldier : genial, companionable, quick-witted, 
and honest to a fault." His constitution becoming undermined 1>\ the climate, 
he was finally compelled to leave the service, and died March L9, L 885, from 
the immediate effects of a very peculiar accident. " He was employed in the 
United States mail service, having charge of the mails at the railway station at 
Concord. Early one evening he went from his work to his home, and Bat down 
to take off his Congress boots. While removing one of them, the elastic sides 
clinging somewhat, by a sudden jerk he broke the bone of his leg just above 
the knee. The bone was shattered, his vitality had been so much reduce. 1 
that the bone would not knit; pieces soon came out, and blood-poisoning 


History of Carroll County. 

ensued. He said that a shell had come very near or grazed his leg, and he had 
alwavs felt a degree of lameness in it after that occurrence." 

Those from this county in this regiment, besides these named above, shared 
all its vicissitudes, and are worthy of the honors bestowed on this gallant 


William Grantman, A. Capt., Major, Lieut 

i ,,1, Wake Held 

Bliel <'. (arler. A, Isl Lieut, ('apt, A. Q. M., 

wounded December 13, 1862, Ossipee 

Charles B. Gafney, A, 2d Lieut, 1st Lieut, 

wounded severely June 15, 1864, Ossipee 

Henrj Churchill, A, Serg't, 2d Lieut, Brookfleld 

I. uke Nicker son, A, 1st Sergeant, died Jan. 7 

1863, Madison 

( lharles II. Smith, A, Sergeant, Wakefield 

George E. Goldsmith, A, Serg't, promoted 1st 

Serg't, wounded at Cold Harbor, died 

July 29, 1864, Tuftonborough 

Mark W. Roberts, A, Sergeant, died Aug. 28, 

[863, Effingham 

Jasper U. Warren, A, Cor., promoted Serg't, 

promoted Capt., CJ. S. C.T. Brooklield 

Josiah (. Flanders, Cor., promoted Serg't, 

wounded June 2, 1864. Madison 

Gilman Davis, A, Cor., promoted Serg't, 

wounded May 7, 1864, killed May 8, 1864, 

Enoch l>. Elwell, A, Cor., promoted Serg't, 

wounded June 3, 1864, died June 5, 1864, Eaton 
E. Hewitt Vining, A, Corporal, Wakelield 

Leander B. Abbott, A, Corporal, Ossipee 

Robert C. McDaniels, A, Corporal, Wakelield 

Nathaniel V. Meserve, A, Cor., promoted 

Serg't, killed May 13, 1864, Wakefield 

■n ll. Jackson, A, Musician, died of 

disease, Madison 

Theodore G. Allard, A, Eaton 

George Abbott, A, Bartlett 

Lewis Abbott, A, ,, 

William Abbott, A, Jackson 

Levi M. Ames, A, Wakefield 

James <>. Applebee, A, promoted Cor. Wakelield 
John A. Beacham, A, Woll'eborough 

Andrew Uerry, A, Brookfleld 

Aaron K. Blake, A, promoted Sergeant, 

wounded, died of wound, Brooklield 

J< eG. Berry, A, Brooklield 

Elijah B, Baxter, A, Effingham 

lli-iin J. Bean, A, Eaton 

Jeremiah Q. Brown, A, Ossipee 

David < (inner. A, )( 

John I!. ( miner, A, ,, 

Joseph i lilley, A, ,, 

John J. ( tut is, A, promoted SerR't, wounded 

June 15, 1864, died of wounds July 31, 

1861, Brookfleld 

Mark A. L. < olbath, A, „ 

Danil I I . Drew, A, Wakelield 

Charles E. Davis, A, Eaton 

John L. Drew, A, Eaton 

Elijah M. Dinsmore, A, wounded severely 

June 1, 1864, Jackson 

George E. Dearborn, A, Tuftonborough 

Daniel W. Emerson, A, Wakelield 

George W. Ferrin, A, Madison 

George S. Frost, A, promoted Cor., wounded 

severely June 15, 1864, died of wounds 

June 18, 1864, Madison 

William K. Fellows, A, wounded severely 

June 1,1864, Wakelield 

Walter Ford, A, transferred to navy April 

27, 1864, Effingham 

Andrew J. Ford, A, ,, 

Edwin II. Glidden, A, Wakelield 

Nathaniel W. Gray, A, wounded Dec 13, 

1862, Madison 

Ansel B. Green, A, ,, 

George W. Gray, A, ,, 

Timothy Gilman, A, „ 

James F. Gerals, A, died February 25, 1863, 

William II. Glidden, A, wounded severely 

June 15, 1864, Effingham 

Samuel Harvey, A, ,, 

Harrold Hardy, A, Ossipee 

John W. Hodsdon, A, promoted Corporal, ,, 

Charles H. Hurd, A, Freedom 

George W. Hutchins, A, wounded May, 1864, 

promoted Sergeant, Wakelield 

Jeremiah G. Hodgdon, A, promoted Cor., 

promoted Serg't, Wakelield 

Charles P. Hanson, A, promoted Corporal, 

promoted Serg't, Jackson 

Luther H. Harriman, A, Effingham 

George F. Harmon, A, killed May 12, 1864, Madison 
Orren W. Harmon, A, promoted Corporal, 

promoted Serg't, promoted 1st Serg't, Madison 
Charles A. Hammond, A, Ossipee 

Charles A. Hawkins, A, died Aug. 7, 1863, Eaton 

John Johnson, A, Effingham 

George A. Kennison, Ossipee 

Diamond Littlefield, Madison 

William Milliken, A, Effingham 

Daniel E. Meserve, A, died March 9, 1863, Wakelield 
Freeman Nute, A, Bartlett 

James Nute, A, ,, 

Francis Peters, A, transferred to navy April 

4, 1864, Wakelield 

Thomas L. Pickering, A, ,, 

Charles Pike, A, Ossipee 

Asa Pray, A, promoted Corporal, ,, 

George Z. Ricker, A, killed in action June 15, 

1864, Brooklield 

Military Afpaibs. 


Abraham Roberts, A, promoted Corporal, Baton 
Mark Rcrotck, A, Wakefield 

Turner N. Sew nrd, A, 
George w. Sawyer, A, promoted Corporal, 

promoted Serg't, Wakefield 

Henry E. Bias, A, < tsslpec 

Charles W. Thompson, A, wounded twine, „ 

Tlmothj < . Taylor, A, promoted Corporal, 

wounded severely June 15, 1864, Effingham 

James ll. Thursl \, Eaton 

Andrew J. Wentworth, A, Wakefield 

Qeorge )•:. Wentworth, a, promoted I or 

poral, wounded September 29, 1864, Wakefield 

John E. \\ iih.un, \. proi 

promoted Si rj 't, n ... 


Stephen ,\. Wentwortli \. 

John <'. Waldron, \. 

Cj ru~ Whltten, \, transferred t- navj Iprll 

'• l86 *. elleld 

M j ion i>. ^ onng, \. 

Ceorim < Ihue, I . Scrgeanl died '■' 

l883 " ikQcld 

George P. Blake, P, 
Thomas Goodhue, P, 


George P. Bennett, A, promoted Corporal, 

killed June 15, 1864, Wakefield 

Albert P. Craton, A, died April IS, lsia, Albany 
Qeorge Emerson, A, wounded June i">, 1864, Ossipee 

William II. Gerall . \ 

John A.Nichols, A, promoted < lorporal, 

Charles Nute, B, Bartlett 

These recruits were mustered in 1863 and 1864. 

The Fourteenth Infantry. — This was the lust three-years regiment. It was 
composed of excellent men, who discharged their duties with exemplary fidel- 
ity and honor. It was mustered at Concord, September 24, 1862, and left the 
state the latter part of the ensuing October. It first reported at Washington 
and spent the winter in picketing forty miles of the Potomac, did provost and 
guard duty in Washington in 1863, and the next spring was ordered to New- 
Orleans, but came north the next summer, when it went into the Shenandoah 
Valley, engaging in the historic campaign of that year. The succeeding Janu- 
ary it was sent to Savannah, Ga, coming north again in July, heing mustered 
out at Concord on the twenty-sixth of that month. 

It was originally commanded by Robert Wilson, of Keene, colonel ; Tileston 
A. Barker, of Westmoreland, lieutenant-colonel ; and Samuel A. Duncan, of 
Plainfield, major. Colonel Wilson was honorably discharged September 6, 
1864, when Major Alexander Gardner was promoted to colonel, and mortally 
wounded at Opequan Creek the nineteenth of the same month, dying the 
eighth of October following. 

In this regiment a large majority of company K came from this county, 
chiefly from Sandwich. Oliver II. Marston, of Sandwich, now of Stoneham, 
Mass.. was captain, occasionally in command of the regiment, and was subse- 
quently promoted to lieutenant-colonel ; Moulton S. Webster, of Sandwich. 
was the first second lieutenant, afterward promoted to first lieutenant, mortally 
wounded at Opequan Creek, Va, September 19, 1^64, and died in Sandwich, 
November 5 following. "Moulton S Webster Post. No. 68, G. A. II.." Centre 
Sandwich, is so named in his honor. 

Company K was composed of good men. Many were wounded, and died oi 
wounds or disease; while some are yet living to enjoy the honors they won. 

162 History of Carroll County. 

and are filling honorable positions in the community. William A. Heard, of 
Sandwich, went out as quartermaster, and is at present United States bank 
examiner for Maine and New Hampshire. William F. Quimby, a grandson of 
General J. D. Quimby, of Sandwich, went out first as a sergeant, was wounded 
at Opequan Creek, September 19, 1864, was subsequently promoted to second 
Lieutenant, and has been for the past two years one of the selectmen of Sand- 
wich. Benjamin F. Fellows, the quartermaster's sergeant, another grandson of 
General J. D. Quimby, has been one of the selectmen of Sandwich several 
years, and is the present representative to the legislature. 

In fact, General Quimby, though dead, was largely represented in the war 
of the Rebellion by those of not very distant kin, both in the army and navy, 
and in all grades, from that of private to colonel. One nephew, six grandsons, 
and live grandnephews served. One grandnephew was adjutant of one New 
Hampshire regiment and colonel of two; and one was colonel of the Thirty- 
eighth Illinois Volunteers. One grandson served through the war while very 
young, afterward graduated at West Point, and after entering the United States 
service as lieutenant, was severely wounded while fighting the Indians in the 
Northwest, and is now a captain in the regular army. One grandnephew was 
in the marine corps, and as corporal commanded one of the guns on board the 
Kearsarge when she sunk the Alabama. 

Of course a good deal could be written in reference to the efforts made to 
raise a regiment, or company even, and what is true of one might apply to all, 
perhaps, by changing names and places. And at the risk, possibly, of being 
tedious or prolonging this chapter to an undue length, I will insert a little 
history relating to the Fourteenth Regiment and Company K, as a partial but 
very mild illustration of the manner in which regiments were made up, to 
more or less extent, during the war. 

When the call for troops in 18(32 was issued, an effort was made to raise 
a company in Sandwich. The first enlistment, under Oliver H. Marston and 
William M. Weed as recruiting officers, was July 30, and continued till the 
roll numbered eighty-five. In the meantime a public meeting was held, at which 
the town voted to give $100 bounty to each enlisted man. In two weeks from 
July 30 they were ready for work and were drilled two or three times a week 
by O. II. Marston and M. S. Webster, the latter having the benefit of previous 
military experience as a sergeant in the Sixth Massachusetts Militia for some 
years. Early in September a meeting of the recruits was held, which resulted 
in the election of the following officers: Calvin Hoit, captain, O. H. Marston, 
first lieutenant, Moulton S. Webster, second lieutenant. This election took 
place with the expectation of filling out the company in Concord by single 
recruits ; hut upon arriving at Concord, September 19, it was found impracti- 
cable. Jason I). Snell, who had been but a short time discharged from the 
regular army, had raised twenty-three men in Pembroke, given them thorough 

Military Affairs. 

and successful drill, and arrived with them in Concord. He offered to 
his force with that from Sandwich upon condition that he should have the 
lieutenancy, and one of his men, J. M. Prentiss, the position of sergeant. Hi 
offer was accepted, and O. H. Marston was commissioned captain, Jason D. 
Snell first lieutenant, and M. S. Webster second lieutenant. It was the last 
company of the Fourteenth which went into camp a1 Concord. 'This arrange- 
ment was a compromise, as was the case in the organization of nearly every 
regiment which left the state, and probably made no particular difference in 
the final result or fortunes of any one except Calvin Hoit. The governor and 
council finally decide who shall be commissioned, and in this case, if Sandwich 
had raised at the time from twenty to thirty more men, no doubt the firsl 
election of officers would have been ratified. Calvin Hoit was an officer in the 
old militia, held different commissions in the rifle company of the Nineteenth 
Regiment several years, was its captain, and a good one too, from L841 to L8 16, 
and no doubt would have made a good captain in L862. He is a brother of 
the late Dr Otis Hoit. 

It required some skill and patience to finally arrange the commissions 
satisfactorily in the late war. I suppose every regiment and company had 
similar experience to this, only many cases were more intricate and difficult. 
A company of from 64 to 100 men can have but three commissioned officers. 
The field officers of a regiment are first appointed, and a camp established 
somewhere to receive the men and organize. Probably 100 men or 50 are 
already on the ground, and thereafter, until the regiment is full, squads of 
from 10 to 40 men are continually arriving in charge of some one individual 
who confidently expects a commission, and if he cannot get one perhaps he will 
not go at all. Now, as there can be only three commissions issued for about 
100 men, while it takes four or five of these squads to make up the company of 
100, and each headed by a prominent candidate for captain, or first or second 
lieutenant at least, the result is that there is a good deal of diplomacy required 
and displayed, and as a consequence some are satisfied with what they get, and 
many, of course, dissatisfied. 

Lieutenant Webster was born in Sutton, Vt, October 9, 1823, and not long 
after removed with his parents to Sandwich, where he resided (except a few 
years in Massachusetts) until he joined the brave band of volunteers for the Civil 
War. He held the position of second lieutenant in Company K, Fourteenth 
New Hampshire, until he was mortally wounded. September 19, 18G4. at the 
battle of Opequan Creek. He lived to reach his home in North Sandwich. 
and died soon after. He was a faithful, conscientious officer, and universally 
respected as a man. James Y. Webster, of the United States Signal Service, 
is his only brother. Corporal Oceanus Straw was horn in Sandwich, N. H., 
December 28, 1823. He was a farmer; resided in Sandwich at the time of his 
enlistment, August 14, 1802, in Company K. He was mortally wounded 


History of Carroll County. 

September L9, L864, at Opequan, died in hospital at Winchester, Va, 
September 26, and was buried in the National Cemetery there. 

Company K had the two tallest men in the regiment, Benjamin Estes, from 
Sandwich, and Herman Blood, from Pembroke, each six feet and four inches in 
height : also, the shortest man, John Atwood, from Sandwich, five feet, five 

The average height of the men from New England, and in fact most of the 
northern states, was live feet ten inches, and they were capable of doing most 
anything required of them, either physical or intellectual. 


William A. Beard, Quartermaster, Sandwich 

Albert P. Hussey, 0. M. Serg't, promoted 1st 

Lieut, Wolfeborough 

Oliver II. Marston, K, (apt., Lieut-Col, 

Moulton S. Webster, K, 2d Lieut, promoted 

1st Lieut, Co. B, wounded Sept. 19, 1864, 

Benjamin F. Fellows, K, promoted Q. M. 

Serg't, Sandwich 

James H. Gilman, K, 1st Serg't, wounded 

Sept 19, 1864, Sandwich 

O. C Mason, K, 1st Serg't, promoted 2d 

Lieut ami <Japt., wounded Sept. 19, 

1864, Sandwich 

James M. Parrott, K, Sergeant, ,, 

Benjamin C. Skinner, K, Sergeant, ,, 

Oceanus straw, K, Cor., wounded Sept. 19, 

1864, died Sept. 26, 1864, Sandwich 

Jeremiah s. Smith, K, Cor., wounded Sept. 19, 

1864, Sandwich 

Russel] Graves, K, Corporal, ,, 

Lemuel F. Vittum, K, Cor., promoted Serg't, 

i feorge X. French, K, Corporal, „ 

Enoch S. Eastman, K, Corporal, Tamworth 

Daniel B. Gilman, K, Corporal, Sandwich 

.1. Marcellus Smith, K, Musician, ,, 

.John L. Smith, K, Musician, „ 

Benjamin F. Sawtell, K, Wagoner, died May 

14, 1864, Sandwich 

John Atwood, K, ,, 

Harrison Atwood, 2d, K, wounded Sept. 19, 

1864, died of wounds, L864, Sandwich 

Thomas s. Adams, K, died Oct. 26, 1864, 

Moulton borough 
Warren .1. Brown, K, promoted Corporal, 

John C. Bigelow, K, „ 

William II. II. Bennett, K, promoted Cor- 

poral, Sandwich 

Amos \V. Bennett, K, ,, 

Samuel P. Leede, K, Corporal, promoted 

Serg't, Sandwich 

Silas J. Bryant, K, died Sept. 15, 1863, Sandwich 

Jesse H. Cook, K, ,, 

James E. Chase, K, ,, 
Ebeuezer H. Dale, K, wounded Sept. 19, 1864, 

died Nov. 23, 1864, Sandwich 

Ezekiel E. Dustin, K, ,, 

Benjamin Estes, K, ,, 

William H. Estes, K, „ 

John Fry, K, ,, 

John M. Gove, K, promoted Corporal, ,, 

John W. Goss, K, „ 

Joseph L. Huntress, K, died July 19, 1864 „ 

Andrew Huntress, K, ,, 

John D. H. Hill, K, „ 

Alonzo C. Hadley, K, ,, 

George Haddock, K, ,, 

John Kent, K, ,, 

John S. Morse, K, „ 

Isaac G. Moouey, „ 

Asa Magoon, K, w r ounded severely, ,, 

Henry II. Moulton, ,, 

Henry Plummer, K, ,, 

John M. Prescott, K, died Nov. 28, 1862, ,, 

James W. Pearl, K, ,, 
William F. Quimby, K, promoted Cor. and 

Serg't, wounded Sept. 19, 1864, promoted 

2d Lieut, Sandwich 

George D. Quimby, K, died Dec. 14, 1862, ,, 

Herbert II. Smith, K, ,, 
Samuel S. Smith, K, promoted Corporal, 

wounded Sept. 19, 1S64, Sandwich 

Lewis Q. Smith, K, promoted Corporal, ,, 

Moses L. Smith, K, died Dec. 8, 1862, ,, 

Daniel M. Smith, K, promoted Corporal, ,, 

Edwin D. Sinclair, K, ,, 

William H. II. Sinclair, K, ,, 

Henry H. Tanner, K, ,, 

Edward E. Tanner, K, died May 19, 1863, „ 

Henry A. Tilton, K, ,, 
Giles s. Vittum, K, wounded Sept. 19, 1864, 

died Oct. 9, 1864, Sandwich 

Samuel F. Vittum, K, ,, 
James M. Wallace, K, died Sept. 25, 1S63, 

Alfred Wallace, K, „ 

John I'. Bennett, K, 
George I lubois, 


Sandwich i James Emerson, K, wounded Sept. 19, 1864, 
Wolfeborough Chatham 

Miutaky Affairs. 

Edgar Barrlman, Chatham 

Amos Earrlman, K, died of wounds received 

sept. 19, 1864, ( batham 

Phelman i [arrlman, K, ,, 

i iiri Man K rau , 

William II. ii. u ai ,,,,. i, ,iic. I June ■ 

Tlie above-named recruits were mustered in December, 1863, and early in 

The Fifteenth Infantry. — This was the first of the nine-months regiments; 
went into camp at Concord in October, L 862, leaving the state Novembei I _'. 
serving with General Banks's command on the lower .Mississippi, taking part in 
the siege of Port Hudson and other operations in that region, and was mus- 
tered out at Concord, August 13, 1863. 

Carroll was represented by Jeremiah F. Hall, of Wolfeborough, surgeon, and 
a very few men. 

John W. Kingman, of Durham, was its colonel. George W. Frost, of New- 
market, lieutenant-colonel, and Henry W. Blair, who had raised a company at 
Plymouth, major. William M. Weed, of Sandwich, was originally commis- 
sioned lieutenant-colonel, but resigned before being mustered in, for reasons 
perfectly satisfactory to himself and friends acquainted with the circumstances. 
During the latter part of the war he was state agent and paymaster of New 
Hampshire soldiers. Colonel Kingman, after peace was restored, was 
appointed governor of Wyoming Territory, where he now resides. Major 
Blair, promoted to lieutenant-colonel, entered political life, was a member of 
the house and senate, was twice elected to Congress, and is now serving on his 
second term in the senate of the United States. 

The Fifteenth was a good regiment, and during its brief service performed 
important and valuable duties. 


Jeremiah F\ Hall, Surgeon, 
William P. Gilman, *', 
Henry M. Bryant, D, 




Charles I.. Bryant, l>. 
Truew orl li\ L. Moulton, F, 


TJtr Sixteenth Infantry. — This was the second of the nine-months 
regiments. It went into camp at Concord in October, 1862, was mustered 
with the minimum number allowable for a regiment — after great effort to 
secure such number — about the middle of the succeeding month, joining 
Banks's expedition on the lower Mississippi. It suffered terribly from sickness, 
although it lost no men in battle, and was depleted far beyond the average 
mortality of conflict. It was at New Orleans, Baton Rouge, and Tort Hudson. 
came north the following summer, and was mustered out Augusl 20, 1863. 
In the organization of this command, Rev. .lames Tike, a presiding elder ol 
the Methodist church, and one of its ablest ministers, was colonel : Henry 
W. Fuller, of Concord late lieutenant in the First Regiment, Lieutenant- 


History of Carroll County. 

colonel; and Samuel Davis. Jr, of Warner, major. Colonel Pike was after- 
ward elected to Congress, and made an unsuccessful run for governor. He is 
still Living at South Newmarket. Lieutenant-Colonel Fuller was brevetted 
idier-general, and after the war became a practising lawyer in Boston, 
where he died a tew years since. This regiment did its duty well, and 
accomplished all that was assigned to it. Nearly all of Company B went from 
this county, chiefly Prom Wolfeborough and Bartlett, with Albert J. Hersey 
as captain: Albert W. Wiggin, second lieutenant, afterward promoted to 
lirst lieutenant : and Alvah S. Libbey, first sergeant, afterward promoted to 
second lieutenant, all from Wolfeborough. 


Alberl J. Elersey, B, Captain, Wolfeborough 

Albert W. Wiggin, I'.. 2d Lieut, promoted 

1st Lieut, Wolfeborough 

Alvah s. Libbey, B, 1st Serg't, promoted 2d 

Lieut, Wolfeborough 

Ceorge I'. Cotton, B, Sergeant, ,, 

Nathaniel K. Scribner, 15, Corporal, died June 

20, 1863, Bartlett 

Lewis !•'. Davis, 1?. Corporal, Wolfeborough 

Harlin 1'. (rain, B, Corporal, ,, 

George Goodhue, B, Corporal, Brookfield 

Charles 1'. Randall) 1!, Musician, died July 

3, 1S63, Wolfeborough 

Peter C. Seavey, B, Musician, „ 

Mollis l'. Chapman, B, Wagoner, ,, 

Leouidas J. Avery, B, died July 26,1803, „ 

Charles II. Bickford, B, 

Nathaniel 1). Bla/.o, B, died Aug. 7, 1863, Bartlett 
John C. Caryl, 15, Wolfeborough 

Thomas Chase, B, ,, 

Joseph W. Chamberlain, B, Ossipee 

William Corson, 15, Wolfeborough 

Joel E. < ook, l'., 
James W. Cross, 15, promoted Corporal, ,, 

.lame- C. Dwight, 15, ,, 

Albert Emery, 15, Bartlett 
Mo-,- Emery, B, Wolfeborough 

Nathaniel I). Farn-worth, B, ,, 

B. Fogg, 15, M 

e W. Frost, B, died April 28, 1863, ,, 

Francis A Dale, 15, Jackson 

Benjamin c. Garland, B, Bartlett 

Alpha W. Hall, B, promoted Corporal, ,, 

Charles C. Hall, B, died June 22, 1863, Bartlett 

Elias M. Hall, B, 

Geoi-ge W. Hayes, B, died April 13, 1863, ,, 

Joseph P. Heath, B. Wolfeborough 

Charles E. Johnson, B, „ 

Ezra F. Johnson, B, ,, 

Ezra II. Keniston, 2d, B, ,, 

John S. Kenison, B, died June 7, 1863, Bartlett 

David G. Kimball, B, died April 29, 1863, 

John W. Lee, B, ,, 

Woodbury L. Leavitt, B, ,, 

John H. Loud, B, „ 

Jonathan Mead, B, Bartlett 

Levi Moulton, B, „ 

Leander Nute, B, „ 

Andrew F. Parker, B, ,, 

John C. Parker, B, ,, 

Phineas Parker, B, ,, 

William A. Parker, B, promoted Corporal, ,, 

Joseph H. Bicker, B, died July 24, 1863, 

Daniel Rollins, B, ,, 

Charles G. Sherwood, B, died June 14, 1863, ,, 
Cyrus F. Stanton, B, Bartlett 

Edward Turner, B, Wolfeborough 

Benjamin Trickey, B, ,, 

Joseph J. Whitten, B, ,, 

William P. Ames, I), Tamworth 

Elden Eastman, E, Bartlett 

Albion G. Goodrich, E, ,, 

John W.Philbrick, E, 

The Seventeenth Infantry. — Although this county furnished no men for 
this regiment, its history is so exceptional as to call for a brief review of the 
facts attending its formation and service. 

In August, 1862, the President issued his call for 300,000 men for nine 
months. Governor Berry, on reception of this call, convened his council, and 

srmined to call for three regiments of volunteers, first appointing their 
field officers and assigning the Fifteenth to the first congressional district, the 

Militari Affairs. [67 

Sixteenth to the second district, and the Seventeenth to the third 
embracing the counties of Cheshire, Sullivan, Grafton, and C thai the 

officers being thus selected, volunteers would understand with whom they were 
to serve. 

The field officers of the Seventeenth were Col 1 Henry < >. Kent, of 

Lancaster; Lieutenant-Colonel Charles II. Long, of Clare it; and Major 

George H. Bellows, of Walpole. The records of the adjutant-general's office 
Bhow that 7i»l men at once volunteered in the territory assigned for this 
regiment. Almost an entire company was raised at Lancaster and in I 
county, although it was in excess of all quotas, and equal zeal was manifested 
elsewhere. The Fifteenth and Sixteenth regiments were at this time in pn 
of formation and in camp at Concord. The War Department requesting 
urgency in forwarding troops, the state authorities, contrary to the under- 
standing when the field officers were appointed, ordered the companies first 
raised, irrespective of location, first into camp, thus assigning several hundred 
men raised for this regiment to the Fifteenth and Sixteenth, its numerical 

Thus denied the men enlisted for it, the Seventeenth went into camp at 
Concord in November, 1862, just as the Sixteenth left the state. 

A regimental organization was perfected and drill and discipline commenced 
and continued. All through that dreary winter its officers were assured the 
command should be filled, but volunteering had ceased, the governor in person 
ordered the acceptance of substitutes discontinued, and no resources remained 
save the unfilled quotas of dilatory and unwilling towns. An attempt was 
made to secure the enforcement of a state draft authorized by the law and 
under the control of a board of draft commissioners. A draft was ordered 
for December 24, 1862, but it Avas postponed to January 8, 1863, and 
finally abandoned. With the surrender of the draft, all hope of aid from 
the state was given up, and February !» the regiment was furloughed to April 
1. when, it was said, decisive measures would be taken to put the command 
upon active service. This interval and the early part of April was spent 
in earnest efforts by the field and line officers, through memorials to members 
of Congress, to induce the War Department to convert the regiment into 
batteries of artillery, to send it out as a battalion, or to place it on detached 
service, that officers and men might together serve out their enlistment at the 
front. These requests were not approved, so that when the regiment reassem- 
bled in April, nothing remained but to follow a special order of the War 
Department which mustered out its commissioned and non-commissioned 
officers, and transferred the enlisted men to tie' Second Infantry, then at home 
on furlough, which was done April 16, 1863. 

The men of the Seventeenth, thus taken from their own office 
command, found congenial association with the soldiers of that admirable 

[68 History of Carroll County. 

regiment, the Second, exhibiting a high order of discipline and bravery at 
Gettysburg, losing as heavy a percentage in dead and wounded as any 
command in that historic engagement. At the close of their term of enlistment 
they were mustered out, but so conspicuous had been their work that the 
commanding officer of the Second, Colonel Edward L. Bailey, now of the 
regular army, issued a special commendatory order, which we reproduce: — 

Headquarters Second New Hampshire Volunteers, 

Point Lookout, Maryland, September 22, 1863. 

General Okdek No. 14. 

Soldu rs of the Seventeenth,— Aroused by the necessities of your country, you assembled under a gallant and 
accomplished leader, with justly high hopes, to lead with him a brilliant career. After months of uncertainty, 
you Were consolidated with the Second. 

Fovi had no choice in your disposition. You have comported yourselves as men should, and have secured the 
respect of comrades and officers. During the terrible contest (Gettysburg) you stood shoulder to shoulder with 
the familiars of fifteen battles, fighting as valiantly. 

Ed. L. Bailev, Colonel, Second New Hampshire Volunteers. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Long, as recited elsewhere, became subsequently captain 
of Battery A, and colonel of the first and only regiment of heavy artillery. 
At the close of the war he returned to his home at Claremont. Major Bellows 
afterward served, with the same rank, in command of a battalion of infantry 
raised for service in that section of Virginia, near Washington, under control 
of the Union forces, wherein the state government, under Governor Pierpont, 
exercised authority. 

With the untoward circumstances attending this regiment, arising out of 
the presumed exigencies of the service, it is a gratifying reflection that the 
officers and men of the Seventeenth Infantry did their whole duty wherever 
placed, obeying orders wholly unfortunate and destructive of their pride and 
hopes with soldierly alacrity; that the men, in the most desperate conflict of 
th<' war, elicited special mention for their bravery, and this command enjoys 
fraternal recognition and equal regard from the members of every war 
organization from the state. 

The above sketch of the Seventeenth, from the pen of Colonel Kent, is the 
best history of that regiment published, and in the fewest words. 

The Eighteenth Infantry. — This was the last regimental organization 
mustered, and was made up of men who enlisted indifferently for different 
terms of service. Recruiting commenced in July, 18(34, but with the 
organization of six companies the quota of the state was filled. During 
the next spring three more companies were sent out, but Company K 
was stationed at Galloupe's Island, Boston Harbor, and was never ordered 
to the front. The regimental organization was Thomas L. Livermore, of 
Mil fold, who had served in the First and with distinction in the Fifth, 
colonel; Joseph M. Clough, of New London, who was a first lieutenant in 

Miutaky Affairs. 


the First and had an excellent record as a captain in the Fourth, and who 
lias since commanded the militia of the state as brigadier-general, lieutenant- 
colonel; and William I. Brown, of Penacook, former adjutanl of the Ninth, 
major. This command was engaged in front of Petersburg and had an 
honorable record. It was mustered oul at Concord by detachments in June, 
July, and August, 18i>f>. Charles II. Bell, since governor, was originally 
commissioned colonel, and .1. W. Carr, of Manchester, formerly of the Second, 
lieutenant-colonel, but each resigned before muster. George I". Hobb 
Wakefield, was adjutant, Moses T. Cate, of Wolfeborough, quartermaster, 

John S. Emerson, of Sandwich, late assistant-surgi f the Ninth, was 

surgeon, and nearly enough officers, non-commissioned officers, and men 
went from Carroll county, chiefly from Conway and Sandwich, to make one 
minimum company had they all been together. 


George F. Hobbs, Adjutant, 
Moses T. Cate, Quartermaster, 
John S. Emerson, Surgeon, 
George B. Thorn, E5, promoted 2d 

Albert C. A). bolt, A, 

James L. Bodge, A, 

Joseph A. Cloutman, A, 

Charlee E. Keyes, A, 

Lucius II. Lovejoy, A, 

John O. Mason, A, 

Johnson 1). Quimby, C, 1st Serg't 

George S. Cook, C, Corporal, 

Frank N. Foss, C, Corporal, 

Lorenzo I>. Bean, C, Musician, 

Edmund < '• Bennett, ( ', 

George B. Hoynton, C, 

Albert Eogg, C, 

Bezekiah T. Fogg, C, 

Tobias N. Fernald, C, 

( lharles A . ( rilman, C, 

William X. Bart, C, 

Charles E. Mudgett, C, 

John Miller, C, 

William II. Scrlggins, < . 

William L. Tappan, C, 

Bewell J. Choate, I), died City 

Oct. »t, 1864, 
< al\ in Durgin, D, 
Samuel Q. Dearborn, I), 

John C. l>a\ is, l>, 

John Fry, 1), 

James A. I.eavitt, D, 

John Stitson, D, 

Charles I>. Swett, D, 

Thateher M. Thompson, E, Serge 

Charles A. Brotton, I-:, Corporal, 

John ( arson, E, Corporal, 

George W. Bean, E, 

Reekie! W. Burbank, E, 

Amoi W. Beuuctt, E, 




Lieut, Conway 




, Sandwich 


Point, Va, 






James Carter, E, < onway 

Henry Cook, E, 

"William F. Dennett, E, 

Mark W. Dennett, E, „ 

Reuben Eastman, E, ,, 

David B. Hill, E, 

Charles W. Heath, E, 

Lorenzo F. Hale, E, ,, 

Charles A. Bill, E, 

George A. Heath, E, ,, 

John 15. Kendall, E, 

Edwin A. Keith, E, „ 

1 1 ugh M (Norton, B, ,, 

John Mason, E, ,, 

Ormond W. Merrill, E, ,, 

Benjamin N. Merrow, E, ,, 

Joseph P. Pitman, E, ,, 

Orrin Seavey, E, „ 

Freeman G.Thompson, E, Ossipee 

David Brown, F, Tamworth 

Frank K. Bobbs, F, promoted Sergeant, Ossipee 

Harris W. Morgan, F, Wolfeborough 

Dana Weeks, P, Chatham 

Charles It. Smith, Effingham 

Andrew McDonald, C, wounded March .29, 

1865, Sandwich 
John Drowne, G, 
Benjamin B. Thompson, Captain Compan; i. 

u olfeborough 

Chauncy Barriman, G, Eaton 
Albert Paul, G, 

Nicholas E. Whiting, I, Corporal, ,, 

Robinson Blalsdell, i. . Madison 
Enoch L. Drew, I, promoted Corporal, 

Josephus Glldden, l, Effingham 

Timothy Gllman, l, died of dla Madison 
Royal Harmon, I, 

i-aac m . Barmon, I, ■■ 
Simeon W. Hatch, I, 

Eugene Barriman, l, « 


History of Carroll County. 

John I>. Lord, l, 

N;iih;m Stacy, l, promoted Corporal, 

Samuel 11. K. Stacy,.I, 

Benjamin P. Wakefield, I, 

M.hin B. Tasker, K, Sergeant, 

Charles F. Burleigh, K, 

.i. Cone Beede, i\, 

M i Bean, i\. 

George W. Bacon, K, 


Edward W. Burnham, K, 
Cliaiies S. Cloutman, K, 
Thomas Flaherty, K, 


Darius W. Ham, K, 



Luther 11. Ilairinian, K, 


Charles S. Hill, K, 



Samuel Thompson, K, 



Jesse Watson, K, 



Thf Light Artillery. — This organization, which was a very complete and 
perfect one, was raised at Manchester in the summer of 1861. It was the only 
light battery recruited in the state. Its organization was George A. Gerrish, 
of Portsmouth, captain : Fred M. Edgill, of Orford, and Edwin H. Hobbs, of 
Manchester, first lieutenants; and John Wadleigh and Henry F. Condict, of 
Manchester, second lieutenants. It served with the army of the Potomac 
through the war, and distinguished itself in all its principal battles. In 1864 
it was designated as Company M of the First Heavy Artillery, to allow that 
command to muster as a regimental organization. While the artillery service 
of the army of the Potomac was exceptionally good, this battery maintained a 
rank for excellence and bravery with the best. It was mustered out in June, 

The Heavy Artillery. — Immediately upon the consolidation of the Seven- 
teenth with the Second, Lieutenant-Colonel Long, of the former regiment, 
obtained authority to raise a company of heavy artillery to garrison Fort Con- 
stitution in Portsmouth harbor. This company was soon raised, Lieutenant- 
Colonel Long being its captain, he taking with him several non-commissioned 
officers of the Seventeenth. Later, Captain Ira McL. Barton, of Newport, of 
the Fifth, and late captain in the First, obtained authority to raise a second 
company for garrison duty at Fort McClary, across the Piscataqua from Fort 
Constitution. These two companies, A and B, were mustered during the 
summer of 1863. In the early autumn of 1861 authority was granted to 
augment this nucleus to a full regiment of twelve companies of 1,800 men. 
The attractions for this enlistment were great, and recruiting went on briskly. 
Companies A and B had, at this period, been for some time in the defences of 
Washington on the line of earthworks north and west of the city, and the new 
companies were forwarded to the same assignment as fast as mustered. 
Recruiting lagged with the organization of the eleventh company, and in 
order to give the command a muster of regimental officers, the light battery, 
which had been in active service since 1861, was designated as Company M, 
ami transferred to the " Heavys." Colonel Long being mustered, and the 
regimental organization thus completed, the battery was ordered on detached 
service under General Hancock's command, so that its only connection with 
the regiment was to enable it to muster as a complete organization. Battery A 
was ordered back to Fort Constitution, Portsmouth, in January, 1865, and 

Military Affairs. 


Battery B in February following. Colonel Long was assigned bo duty in 
command of a brigade in Elarden's Division, and Lieutenant-Colonel McL. 
Barton commanded the regiment, h was a splendid bodj of men capable of 
performing most efficient service. It remained in the defences about the 
Capitol, save batteries A, B, and M, until the Bunimer of L865, when it was 
ordered to New Hampshire, and mustered out June L9, L865. The field officers 
were Charles II. Long, of Claremont, colonel ; Ira McL. Barton, of Newport, 
lieutenant-colonel; George A. Wainwright, of Hanover, Dexter <i. Reed, 
formerly second lieutenant in the First [nfantry, of Newport, and Frederick 
M. EdgUl, of Orford (of the light battery), majors. Colonel Long resides in 
Claremont. Lieutenant-Colonel McL: Barton went to Arkansas, reached the 
grade of general of militia, was active in local military troubles, and died not 
inaii\ years after the close of the war. Major Wainwright, who was adjutant 
of the Seventeenth, resides in Hanover. 

Although there was no company organization in the heavj artillery from 
this county, there were large delegations of several companies, chiefly from the 
towns in the central part; some of the men served in the light batteries also. 

'The county was well represented in the artillery. 


< >ssipee 


( >ssipee 


< >ssipee 

Perry C. Moore, A. Serg't, Ossipee 
Albert II. Leonard, A, Corporal, ,, 

John A. Frost, A., Corporal, ,, 

A lonzo Cushlng, A . 

George De Marsh. \ . 

Robert c. Gunnison, A, 

Peter Marquet, A. 

Charles W. Page, A, promoted Corpora 

< (beroii Payne, A , 

Henry Philbrick, A, 

John Sanborn, A, 

Edward Smith, A. 

Charles Willey, A, 

Granville w . Bragg, B, Moultonborough 

Daniel I lovt qs, B, Tamworth 

Nathaniel Meserve, B, Freedom 

Alvah s. Libbey, <;, isi Lieut, promoted 

Capt. Wolfeborough 

G 'ge w. Home, G, 2d Lieutenant, „ 

William l). Haley, I., promoted Com. Serg't, 

Calvin S. Adams, A, Wakefield 

\ - < look, B, Sandwich 

John W. l'o_'-, I), Serg't, promoted 1st Serg't, 

w olfeborough 
Horace II. Moulton, I), 
Edward P.'Eastman, I), 
Jeremiah Kimball, l>, 
Joseph p. Heath, <;, Sergeant, 
Roah shaw , <;, Corporal, 
Charles S. Parris, «., Corporal, 
George S. Parker, '.. Corporal, „ 

Benjamin Kennison, G, Corporal, Albany 


Coim n\ 




William I'. Thurston, <;, Corporal, 
James Stevenson, G, < lorporal, 
Mayhev. C. Allard, <;, 
( }eorge A . Adams, i ., 

• Iiilni M. A\er\ . ( ., 
Nathaniel \\ . Brj ant, < .. 

< leorge F. ( ate, G, 
William K. ( lhase, • ., 
James E. Dure, <;, 
Daiah K. Drew, G, 
Charles ■•. Edgerly, <;, 
Elbridgc Gerry, G, 
< harles F. Garland, < ;. 

Orin A. Hidden. (,. 
Frank B. Horn, • ■. 
John I'., dames, (., 
< reorge -i . Jordan, < i, 
Ezra II. Keniston, (i, 
Caleb T. Keniston, G, 

John Kane, (J, 
( Jeor.ije I - kimliall, «i. 
F.Kimball, G, 
Slilhnan S. Kent, ' r, 

Charles ii. Lyman, G, 

Jonathan Q. Mason, (i, 
Thomas F. Mar-ton, G, 

l.e\\ IS C. MelTnu . I .. 
.lames Marden, ( ,, 

i Nason, G, 
Gilbert M. Nash, G, 

William II. P 
Charles Roberl , I ■ 

Alexander E. Raitt, G, 


w olfeborough 










u ohteborough 






History of Carroll County. 

Samuel Stokes, G, 

Allium I). Thurston, G, 

Daniel Thurston, <i, 

William M. Tow Le, Q, 

Samuel Ward, G, 

e W. Warren, »., 
, .1. Whltten, G, 

Franklin Wilkinson, (i. 

Blram Pray, K, < orporal, 
Gideon Gllman, K, Corporal, 
Jacob Abbott, k, 
Stephen Bean, K, 
Edward EL Blckford, K, 
Alfred M. Cate, K, 
John Edgerlj , K, 
John W. Folsom, K, 
George M. D. Garland, K, 
Samuel E. Eanson, K, 
John F. Hanson, K, 
Charles H. Larrabee, K, 
Ivory Miliken, l>, 
James M. Moulton, K, 
James Miliken, K, 

Henry ('. Nichols, K, 
Henry A. Neal, K, 
Thomas J. Orne, K, 
Martin V. Eticker, K, 
Robert G. Boss, K, 
John II. Stiles, K, 
Samuel E. Wentworth, K, 



• >ssipee 




Charles Young, K, 
Allien 11. Sanborn, L, 
John Davis, L, 
Charles W. Dame, L, 
Hiram O. Tuttle, L, 
Leavitt Alley, L, 
Charles Davis, L, 
William T. Dorr, L, 
William H. Donnelly, L, 
Henry Eldredge, L, 
Elijah S. Haley, L, 












George F. Hobbs, L, promoted Adj't, 18th 

N. H. Vol. Inf. Wakefield 

Joseph W. Johnson, L, Tuftonborough 
George M. Lewis, L, Effingham 

Daniel McFarland, L, Tamworth 

John A. Peavy, L, Tuftonborough 
Freeman Richards, L, Freedom 

Nehemiah C. Snell, L, Madison 

George L. Stackpole, L, Tuftonborough 
Charles E. Thurston, L, Eaton 

James It. Thurston, L, ,, 

Joseph D. Tuttle, L, died at Fort Slocum, 

D. C, Sept. 27, 1864, Effingham 

Diamond L. Dana, M, Madison 

James E. Ferren, M, ,, 

Sewell E. Glidden, M, „ 

Charles Harmon, M, „ 

Charles Spring, M, Brookfleld 

Th e Sharpshooters. — There were in the service two regiments of picked 
marksmen equipped with superior weapons for special or detached duty, as 
their designation indicated. From the nature of the organization it was 
impossible that the companies should serve in regimental order, and they were 
scattered as the exigencies of the service required. Company G of the 
Second regiment, ninety-eight officers and men, had a number of its best men 
from Carroll, and was mustered at Concord December 10, 1861. It performed 
the duties entrusted to it with devotion and unflagging zeal. Not exempt from 
casualties, its record of dead and wounded was equal to that of the most daring. 
In every respect these men were most creditable soldiers and admirable repre- 
sentatives of the stanchest element of the county. The state was not 
represented in the Field of the original organization, but later the field officers 
from New Hampshire in this command were: Major E. T. Rowell, of Company 
F, and Major Amos B. Jones, of Company E. George A. Marden, since 
speaker of the Massachusetts House, and on the regimental staff, was a sergeant 
in ( lompany G. Major Rowell and Major Marden both reside in Lowell. The 
sharpshooters served in the Virginia campaigns and were at South Mountain, 
Antietam, Fredericksburg, Second Bull Run, Gettysburg, and in the Valley. 
The original men were mustered out in December, 1864, and those of the 
three companies remaining were consolidated and made Company K of the 
Fifth infantry. 

Military Affairs. it- 


Bosea Rej mil. is, I-', Wakefield 

Joseph Sanborn, G, Cor., promoted Serg't, 

« ounded, Tamu orl ii 

James ^. Webster, G, Cor., wounded, 

Antletam, Sandwich 

Charles IS. Qulmby, G, „ 

H llllam ll. Dai Is, G, promoted < orporal, 

transferred to Bth N. 11 . Jat mdwlch 

Daniel N. Smith, <., wounded June .".. 1864, 
True l). Moulton, '. Tamworth 

Freeman Sanborn, < ., 
Isaiah II. Wlggba, (., .lie. I or ,i ; 

Recruits for Sharpshooters. — Andrew Berry, G, died at Brandy station, Y.i. 
April 7, 1864, Tamworth; Alvin G. Hayward, F, transferred to Fifth 
Hampshire, Eaton; Joseph Murry, Chatham. 

Reenlisted Veterans, Second United States Sharpshooters. — Ira S. Bla 
promoted corporal, G, wounded June 16, 1804, died of wounds October -~. 
L864, Tamworth ; William H. Davis, G, promoted corporal, Sandwich; James 
M. Gilman, G, corporal, transferred to Fifth New Hampshire, Tamworth; 
George A. Langley, G, promoted corporal, transferred to Fifth New Hamp- 
shire, Tamworth. 

The First Cavalry. — There was but one cavalry regiment proper from i In- 
state, and that was organized for three years somewhat late in the war. As 
stated, the Eighth Infantry, then in Louisiana, was for a time mounted and 
known as the Second New Hampshire Cavalry, but its service was more partic- 
ularly as infantry. Early in the war a battalion of four companies of New 
Hampshire men was raised and incorporated with the First Rhode Island Cav- 
alry. It was found that the union of companies from different states in one 
regiment was not altogether desirable, and this battalion was made the nucleus 
of the First Cavalry. This regiment and battalion served in Virginia and 
Maryland, and was first united in March, 1865. It left the state December 
22, 1861, was made a regiment January 7, 1864, and mustered out July 21, 
I860. It was composed of good material and did excellent service. The 
heaviest wholesale desertion of the war was of several hundred "bounty- 
jumping" recruits, who had been mustered to fill the regiment, and who broke 
away at Giesborough Point, below Washington, in the autumn of 1863, to the 
relief of the good soldiers left, who were in no way responsible for the presence 
or absence of these "scalawags.'" Its original ofiieers were : David 15. Nelson, 
major of battalion. Regimental: John L. Thompson, who died recently in 
Chicago, colonel; Ben T. Hutchins, lieutenant-colonel; Arnold Wyman, .1. 
F. Andrews and John A. Cummings, majors. One captain, Pierce L. Wiggin, 
formerly captain in the Third, and a few men were from this county. 


William A. Allard, I, Sergeant, Moultonborough I John G. Sanborn, I, 
Johnson D. Qulmby, I, promoted Corporal, Sandwich 


History of Carroll County. 


Pierce L.Wlggin, C, Captain, Ossipee 
Stephen K. Tlbbltts, C, wounded June 3, 1864, 

Thomas Barnes, i>. >> 

< ieorge Brown, l>, >> 

Charles Burke, D, >, 

John Knight, l>. >> 

James McGuire, D, Wakefield 

William Channel". I I . ,, 

Hiram Peck, G, >> 

Jnlm Williams, G, Wakefield 
John C. Caryl, 1, commissioned Serg't, pro- 
moted 1st Lieut, Brookfield 
( 'harles II. Norton, I, Wakefield 
Nathaniel H. Munsey, M, died of disease, 

Nov. 17, 1864. Albany 

Thomas Richie, M, Eaton 

John Clark, Wakefield 

Charles Whitehouse, Albany 


Sewell i;. Aldricb, mustered Aug 
Samuel Adams, Jan. 8, 1864, 
John T. Adams, April 30, 1864, 
Oliver L. Mini. Ma> 13, 1864, 
John Delaney, Oct. .">, 1863, 
Martin v. Drew, Dec. 23, L863, 
Hezekiah Davis, Jan. 5, 1864, 
Samuel Floyd, Jan. -J, 1834, 
John ( . Frost, Aug. 27, 1864, 
[ra B. Gould, June 26, 1864, 
Charles il. Home, Jan. 5, 1864, 

22, 1863, Conway 






John McLachlin, Sept. 24, 1863, 
Horace S. Parrott, Jan. 1, 1864, 
Daniel F. Parrott, Jan. 1, 1864. 
Enoch J. Quimby, Oct. 1, 1863, 
George W. Ramsdell, Aug. 21, 1863, 
Michael Sullivan, Aug. 20, 1863, 
Thomas B. Seaver, Aug. 25, 1863, 
Patrick Sherry, Dec. 23, 1863, 
Michael Scanlan, Jan. 1, 1864, 
George Williams, Jan. 13, 1864, 





Only a few returns were ever received of this corps, but several others were 
transferred to it from different regiments from time to time, and possibly others 
enlisted in it whose names were not returned and do not appear here for that 

Statistics. — From carefully compiled tables in reports of the adjutant- 
general it appears that during- the war the entire number of commissions 
issued was 2,362, while the entire number of officers who received them was 
L,601. The total number of enlisted men was 31,426. The number "killed 
or died of wounds" was 1,538. "Died of disease," 2,541. Mustered out at 
expiration of service, 11,264. 

An analysis of all statistics made in that office leads to the conclusion that, 
leaving out men transferred and twice enumerated, New Hampshire sent 30,000 
different men into the field. Estimating in the same proportion it would 
appear that of this number Carroll county furnished 1,300 men. 

The entire muster of 30,000 is thus accounted for, by the same authority: — 

Killed or died of wounds 5percent. 

Died of disease 8 „ 

Honorably discharged for disability 15 „ 

Deserted 10 ,, 

Transferred to Invalid Corps, Army and Navy 3 ,, 

Promoted to commissioned officers 2 ,, 

Nol officially accounted for 2 ,, 

.\ii cut when regiment was mustered out 3 „ 

Rcenlisted 5 

Mustered out at the expiration of term 37 „ 

Otherwise unaccounted («v 4 )( 

Tota' 100 per cent. 

Military A-Ppairs. 175 

The percentage of "desertions" from Carrol] is much less than the ab 

figures, while the casualties and muster mit are correspondingly greater. 

New Hampshire employed three state military agents, with the ran] 
colonel, for two or three years before the el use of the war. One was stationed 
iu New York, one in Philadelphia, and one in Washington, I >. ( . The one 
stationed in Washington was Hon. Laikin I). Mason, of South Tamworth, 
therefore it seems proper thai his name and services should be mentioned in 
connection with the officers and men who wenl from Carroll. Colonel Mason, 
now nearly eighty, was horn and has always lived under the brow of Ossipee 
Mountain, and, I suppose, expects to die and he buried there. Me is too well- 
known, both in this county and state, by those of the present generation to 
need an extended notice here. For forty years he has been very prominent in 
political affairs, having been a member of the House and Senate previous to 
the war: during the war. as stated above, slate military agent : since the war 
judge of probate till disqualified by age, and since that a candidate Eor gov- 
ernor of the state. Some might think the military office he held was a 
sinecure, but it was one of the most difficult and arduous. How well he 
filled it is shown in a few words from the adjutant-general's report, in which he 
says : — 

Too much praise cannot be awarded to Colonels Mason, Corson, and Bowe for their 
Faithful and efficient services and untiring devotion constantly rendered by them in the 
arduous duties that have devolved upon them and which they have discharged in the Bl 

honorable and successful manner. 

In order to give a little insight into their duties 1 take the Libert} to insert 

here a short report from Colonel Mason himself, which I find in the same 
report: — 

Washing roN.D.t .. February 20 
Brigadier-General Natt Head, Adjutant-General, State of New Hampshire: — 

General, I have the tumor to acknowledge the receipt of your communication, requesting of mo some 
description of my duties ana an account of mj operations as New Hampshire State V gent, and 1 hasten to 
respond, li is the duty of the stair Agent when a battle is pending to gather in quantltj such stores a 
required for the relief of won m lea Boldiers; to have several assistants ai ha ml to move al the earliest moment 
to the Bcene of suffering and administer relief; to see that the Unties of deceased soldiers from hie state are 
properly buried and secured against depredations, and that such bodies as are called Cor bj friends are properlj 
prepared ana forwarded to their homes; to visit hospitals or cause them to be visited, and such luxuries supplied 

its are necessarj to the soldiers' comfort ; to keep an exact registry of all men in hospitals, \\ ith their c pany, 

regiment, and residence. Soldiers are mustered for paj every two months; but it is a very common tiling for 

a soldier to be transit on muster day and fail to get mustered, or, if mustered, he is liable to leave his place 

before the arrival of his paymaster, and hence lose one or more musters; so that several month- may elapse 

before hi- accounts are corrected. The State Agent has ready access to the rolls, and it is his am, to follow 

from office to office until he gets the account- adjusted, « hen he receives an order for | 

muster rolls this class of applicants are very numerous, and there is seldom a single daj when some appll 

[or assistance of this kind are not made, it is the dutj of the State Agenl to make applications for the transfer 

of soldiers in the various hospitals to their ow n state. Since December l. IS64, l have made applications for the 

transfer of several hundreds of New Hampshire soldiers to the Webster General Hospital at Man 

Men u ho are absent on furloughs frequently tail to return in season, supposing they are properly reported by 

their attending physician, and ere thej are aware, find themselves In 3ome military prison or pi 

with the charge of desertion against them, [tlsthedutj oi the Stat< \ t t to collect all facts In their favor and 

170 History of Carroll County. 

present for their benefit, and if there appears no evidence of fraudulent intention on their part, he can 
generally get Informalities overlooked and the delinquent ordered to duty without censure. The correspondence 
attending my duties requires the writing of more than twenty letters per day, several of which are official and 
baveto be copied. 1 am prepared at all times to give the name, company, regiment, and town of every New 
I t.i,, lf , lierin this department, and can give much information concerning our soldiers in other depart- 

ments. I am causing a journal to be prepared which will be of interest to the New Hampshire people. I receive 
such articles of comforl as the people at home see (it to supply for the soldier, and distribute these goods to 
,,„•!, ... . i them most. 1 am much assisted in this duty by New Hampshire men, resident in this city. 

I frequently find a New Hampshire soldier sick with some disease that requires the tender treatment and pure 
, in order I'm- In- recovery. At present he is entirely out of money. As State Agent I supply all 
such sums as are necessary to enable him to accomplish his object. The rooms of the agency are open day and 
nighi for tin' benefit oi the New Hampshire soldier, and when he applies for anything in my power to afford, he 
r turned empty away. Soldiers can always Jiud refreshments and sometimes rude lodgings at the rooms 
of the agency. I at present employ one male assistant in canvassing hospitals, and one lady assistant in 
preparing records and giving information to applicants during my absence from the rooms, and I employ 
assistants transiently, as exigencies arrive. 

1 have the honor to be, General, 

Very respectf ully, your obedient servant, 

L. D. Mason, Military State Agent of New Hainpshire. 

Iii the limited space of a single chapter not much more can be done than to 
give a list of names with the companies and regiments on whose rolls they 
appear. As previously stated, I think but few credited to this county, and 
especially those who were originally mustered in with regiments, are put 
as residence "unknown," yet I have noticed a few, and no doubt there are 
others whose names will not appear here for that reason. It would indeed be 
gratifying to give, if possible, a list of all natives of the county who have 
been connected with the military service at any time, and especially of those 
serving in the Rebellion, either in other states, or credited to towns in other 
counties in this state. With a few exceptions, however, about all that is known 
til t lie latter class appears on the Grand Army of the Republic rolls. The 
following are a few exceptions, and without doubt there are others: James W. 
I but, formerly of Sandwich, then of Lowell, distinguished himself as a captain 
in the Sixth Massachusetts in its passage through Baltimore April 19, 1861, 
and was afterward promoted to major. After the war he returned to Lowell, 
where he died a few years since. Samuel Merrill, a former resident of Tam- 
wni th, which he at one time represented in the Legislature, afterwards of Iowa, 
was colonel of one of the early Iowa regiments, subsequently was elected 
governor of the state, and is at present one of her wealthy bankers. Benjamin 
K. Quimby, born in Sandwich, son of Colonel Joseph L. Quimby, went out 
as a sergeant in the Tenth Vermont, was promoted to captain in a colored 
regiment, taken prisoner with others, and died in a rebel prison. Austin 
Quimby, near of kin to the latter, was a corporal in the marine corps, and 
commanded one of the guns on the upper deck of the Kearsarge, when she 
sunk the Alabama in the harbor of Cherbourg, France, one Sunday morning 
in sixty-two minutes. Harvey M. Weed, formerly of Sandwich, served as 
sergeant in the Fourth New Hampshire. Lyman P. Lillie, of Sandwich, 
enlisted in Lynn, Mass., and served in Company L, Fourth Massachusetts 
Heavy Artillery, under Captain James McDavitt, of Lynn. He died of 

Military Affairs. 177 

typhoid fever in Washington, D. C, al the early age of eighteen j 

body was sent to Sandwich by the company for burial in chargi I I plain 

McDavitt, who uvni to Washington for thai purpose. 

There were also a Pew others, native born or former residents, cre< 
elsewhere, as follows : — 

Daniel 8. Beede, ol Sandwich, Adj't, 12th 

N. II. Meredith 

Ambrose II. Mudgett, i>r Sandwich, 12th 

v ii Holdcrnesa 

David 0. Burleigh, of Sandwich, 2d Lieut, 

1st Lieut, Uapt., Lth n. ii. Laconia 

Dexter B. Fogg, of Sandwich, 12th N. n., 

wounded, < lentre I [arbor 

William H. Skinner, of Sandwich, Unknown 

Dr A. M. Howe, of Sandwich, Surgi ill. 

v"ol. |||i , 

Emerson ll. Kimball, ol Sandwich, M 

Vol. \\ i 

Frank P. Uoulton, of Sandwich, lth M 

Ucavj Vrtiller m 

Samuel Webster, ol Sandwich, Si 

N. II. Inf., Isl Lieut, 1st N. H. H Vrt. L) • 

Under older service. — Captain Paul Wentworth, War of L812, father of 
Honorable "Long John." Dr James Norris, of Sandwich, was surgeon's mate 
in the navy many years ago, his commission being dated December 10, L814, 

and signed by President Madison. He resigned after serving thirteen years, 
was pensioned about 1S."><> by special act of Congress, and died a few years 
later. He was a man of scientific attainments, and well remembered by the 
older residents. 

His father, James Norris, a soldier in the Revolution, was honorably dis- 
charged after six years* service at the close of the war. Otis Hoit, m.i>.. of 
Sandwich, then living in Framingham, was surgeon of a Massachusetts regimenl 
under Colonel Caleb Cushing in the Mexican war. afterward went to Hudson. 
Wi>., where he became a banker, and served in the United States land office 
under President Pierce, accumulated a large landed property, and died there 
two or three years ago. Dr Charles II. White, who was born in Sandwich ami 
whose homestead is there still, is at present, and has been for many years, a 
surgeon in the United States navy. Moses Peaslee, a Quaker, for many ye rs 
a resident of Sandwich, served in the Mexican war, and was turned out of the 
Society on account of it. William M. Etuinery, of Newton, Mass.. a retired 
builder and owner of many buildings (including Hotel Effingham) in Boston, 
who died February 11,1889, in Gainsville, Fla, where he owned an orange 
grove, was born in Effingham, and served in the Civil War as second lieutenant, 
first lieutenant, and captain in the Second Massachusetts Cavalry. 

The late Bradbury C. Davis, for many years a resident of Sandwich, al one 
time one of the select men. and the father of William II. Davis, of the Second 
United States Sharpshooters, was a veteran ^\ the Florida war. 

Nehemiah R. Moulton, a native of Albany, being in Vermont at the time. 
enlisted in one of her regiments (Twelfth, I believe), and was killed in the 
battle of Fredericksburg. Dr I-:. ( c >. Marston, of Sandwich, served, since the 
late war, three years in the regular army, in Troop K. Eighth Cavalry, lighting 

178 History of Carroll County. 

[ndians in Arizona and Mexico. Daniel A. Hill, formerly of Sandwich, served 
in the late war in Company G, Second Massachusetts Cavalry; was captured 
by Mosby's guerrillas, who, after taking his shoes and stockings, compelled 
him to march a hundred miles barefoot, and subsequently released him. Hiram 
S. Prescott, also of Sandwich, served in the same regiment. 

Genera] Ceorge M. Atwood, born in Sandwich September 17, 1817, was 
grandson of Captain Jonathan Atwood, of the Revolution. He filled many 
military offices in the state service of Maine, and in 1856 was adjutant-general. 
In 1st; -1 he was made colonel of the Twenty-fourth Maine, and served in 
Louisiana and the lower Mississippi, participating in the siege of Port Hudson. 
His war record was excellent, and lie was offered a general's commission if he 
would remain in service, which he declined on account of imperative private 
affairs at home. He died May 22, 188!*. He was president of the Maine 
Veteran Association. 

Present residents born elsewhere and credited outside : Lyman B. Wade, 
now of Sandwich, Fourth New Hampshire, Centre Harbor ; Moses C. Berry, 
now of Sandwich, Thirty-third Massachusetts, Parsonsfield, Maine ; Stephen 
D. Huse, now of Sandwich, Eighteenth New Hampshire, Harvard, Mass. ; 
George W. Tibbetts, sergeant, Brookfield, killed at Gettysburg. 

Having thus far gleaned all I could from the records and other sources 
within my reach, still without being satisfied, and with a view of gaining 
more information, I caused the following notice to be put in The Sandwich 
Reporter : — 


Possibly there may be now and then a veteran of the late war whose birthplace was in 
Carroll county, and yet was credited to some locality outside of the county limits : and whose 
name is neitber on the Grand Army of the Republic rolls, nor in the Adjutant-General's 
Report of 1865 66; as well as some now resident in the county, but who also were credited 
elsewhere, and do not appear as above specified. If any one knowing of such will be pleased 
to send their names, birthplace, present residence, and in what organizations they served, 
to E. Q. Fellows, Centre Sandwich, N. II.. without delay, such information will appear in the 
county history, now in preparation, and help complete a chapter. Those coming under one 
class would be like the case of Governor Merrill, of Iowa. It is well known that he was a 
former resident of Tamworth, but he was colonel of an Iowa regiment, and his name docs 
not appeal- on any of the rolls above indicated. So there may be those now residing in the 
county, but then living in some other state or some other part of this state, and whose names 
an- on neither of the rolls indicated above. It is of the above two classes that information 
is especially solicited; likewise of any whose residence was put as " unknown" in the Adju- 
tant-General's Report, but are known to have been, or ought to have been, credited to Carroll. 

Will the Granite State News copy? 

This notice elicited a few replies, but only one name, which is inserted 

above. From other sources we find that Edgar A. Stevens and Frank C. 

'•ns. of Chatham, brothers, served in Eleventh Maine; another brother, 

Mill tai:\ A l I All:s. 


Elmer L. Stevens, in Company (i. Tenth Maine; Daniel \V. Atkinson, of 

Eaton, in Tenth Massachusetts Battery; John Et. Stacy ^Madison), in Sec I 

Massachusetts [nfantry. 



• William K. Smith, i>. Sergeant, 4th v II.. Laconia 
Oliver Watson, l\, Isl Sergeant, 3d \. II.. 

wounded Deep Bottom, V&, Sandwich 

• I'.enj. M. Nutter, <i, 13th Maine, severely 

wounded, Sandwich 

l,e«is Q. smith, K, Corporal, Uth N. II. 
Benj. F. Fellow 3, K. Q. M. S., 14th N. II. 

• Albert S. Moulton, A. 6th N. II. „ 
' Horace F. Bean, C, Sergeant, Uth X. II. 
Fred. P. Smith, G, 2d Mass. Cavalry, „ 
Edward 8. Hinds, C, 12th N. H. 

John P. Canney, H, Sergeant, 5th N. II. „ 
♦William II. Felch, 1'.. 1st R. I. II. A. 

Charles A. Gilman, C, 18th N. II. „ 

John O. Cook, K, 5th Massachusetts, ,, 

■ lame- V. \\ eb-ter. G, ( or.. 2d Reg. U. S. S.S., 

wounded Antietam, 
►John W. Goss, K, Ifth s. II. 
William II. Scriggins, C, 18th N. H. 
John Atwood, K, Uth N. II. 

• Dennis F. Carter, C, 29th Maine, 
Benjamin II. Heath, E, 3dN. II. 
Charles M. Bagley, A, 6th N. II., dead, 
Charles E. Mudgett, C, 18th N. II. 

llo-ea Pettengill, C, Wagoner, nth N. II. ,, 

Lorenzo I). Bean, C, Drummer, 18th N. II. ,, 

Joseph Huntress, Contract Surgeon, dead, Tamworth 
Alfred Wallace, K, 14th \. II. Sandwich 

► Samuel Butterfleld, <;, 17th U.S. Regulars, 

wounded, Sandwich 



•lames M. Parrott, K, 14th N. II., di 

Daniel F. Parrott, ll, .", 1 1 > v 11 , dropped, Sandwich 
Charles F. Burleigh, K, 18th N. II. 
Charles II. Philbrick, E, 2d V II.. dropped, 
Amos '.ale, G,8th V 11. Rochester 

Ell \. Cotton, D, Corporal, 8th N. II., 

dropped, Moultonborough 

John II. Plummer, 1, 6th N. II., dropped, sandwich 

William A. Heard, O. Master, I llh V II. 

Enoch Q. Fellow 3, Adj'l of the 1st, Col. 3d 

and 9th N. II. Sandwich 

Albert Fogg, C, 18th N. II. 

Clinton A. Shaw, G, l_>th V II. Moultonborough 

Nathaniel W. Bryant, G, 1st N. II. 11. A. 
Samuel F. Vittum, K, 14th N. II. Tamworth 

Samuel Parker, F, 5th N. 11. Sandwich 

Harrison Dow, G, 4th Vt, dropped, Tamworth 

Eward W. Burnham, K, 18th N. II. Sandwich 

*Jerome\ itt. 15th Ma--, and 3d it. I. 1 . 
lieiir\ T. Page, C, nth N. II. Tamworth 

William I'. Gilman, C, 15th \. II., dead, 
William II. Wallace. D,6th v ll. Sandwich 

Franklin Grace, E, 12th Maine, Tamworth 

John N. Campbell, H,3d N. ll. Sandwich 

'Warren W. Carter, I), 2d R. I. Cavalry, 
Thomas F. Gault, C, 56th Mas-. ,, 

Lemuel F. Vittum, K, Sergeant, Uth \. II. „ 

Hezekiah T. Fogg, C, 18th N. 11. 

The above list shows residence at the time of joining the post; the Lis! 
below shows the birthplace of those born outside of county limits. 

William E. Smith, 
William II. Felch, 
< lharles A. Gilman, 
John w. 1 01--. 

William II. Scriggins, 
Dennis F. Carter, 

Benjamin H. Heath. 
Charles M. Bagley, 
Samuel Butterfleld-, 
•lame- m. Parrott, 
Daniel F. Parrott, 
Charles F. Burleigh, 

Lynn, Mass. 

1 [olderness 




Saco, Me 



Standish, Me 

Lynn, M a 3 

Gilman ton 

Charles H. Philbrlc 

AmOS < .ale. 

John 1 1 . Plummer, 

William a. Heard, 

Clinton A. Shaw, 

Samuel Parker, 

Harrison DOW, 

Jerome Leavitt, 
Henry T. Page, 
John N. Campbell, 
Warren w. 1 
Thomas E. Gault, 


i>o\ er 


Wayland. M 


Canada, B. D. 

< iilmanton 

l.i\ ermore, Mi 



Waj land, M 

i ... 

k Transferred. 


History of Carroll County. 


Thomas Lees, B, 2d Lieut, 2d N. ll. V. Wolfeborough 
Charles S. Paris, (., Cor., Isl N. II. II. A. 
Jasper ll. barren, I a. Serg't, 13th N. ll. V. 
| r.Capt., 25th l . s. ( . T. 

\\ olfeborough 
Joseph P. Beath, I B, 16th N. ll. V. 

|G,S( i-i. Isl N. ll. II. \. 

Richard R. Davis, ll, Capt., 5th N. ll. \ ., 

dead, w olfeborough 

Moses !•'. Thompson, K. 12th N. ll. V., dis- 

cli.-n Mitchell, Da 

Alvah S. Libbey, j B, 2d Lieut, 16th \. ll. V. 
j (.. Capt., 1st N. 11. H. A. 

Isaac st. ■yen-. K. 12th V ll. V. ,, 

S i Stinchfteld, ll. 10th Maine, dropped, 
John II. Loud, B, 16th N. II. V. 
James Stevenson, 6, Cor., Isl X. II. II. A. „ 
Prank B. Horn, G, Isl N. ll. II. A. 
James A. O'Conner, A, Charier Member, 

dead, \\ olfeborough 

James Bresnehen, P, 2d N. II. V. ,, 

Charles ll. Born, II, 5th N. II. v., wounded In 

righl leg, dead, Tuftonborough 

Jonathan u . Sleeper, II, Saddler, 1st N. II. 

i a\ . Wolfeborough 

Benjamin K. Webster, K, lltli N. II. V*. 
W Borne, t K, 12th N. H. V. 

}G, 1st Lieut. N.II. II. A. 
Joseph P. Kenney, ll, .">tli N. II. V., dropped, 

l-aiah Piper, A, lath N. II. V., dropped, 

Now Durham 
Daniel W. Borner, K, Serg't, 12th N. II. V. 
j wounded Chancellorsville, Va, 
( ,, Gettysburg, Pa, 

John S. \ arnej . D, Cor., '2d X. II. V. Wolfeborough 
John B. \\ aldron, \ B, Serg't, 1st N. H. v. 
I II, ,,' 6th 

John A. Wiggin, K. 12th X. II. V. Wolfeborough 

Alvin Gilman, ll, lih X. H.V., wounded at 

Aniieiaiii, Wolfeborough 

ge P. Kimball, G, 1st X. II. II. A. „ 

Alfred M. Gate, K, 1st X. II. II. A. „ 

George P. Cotton, B, 16th X. II. V. 
John A. Smith, <', 1st Maine II. A., wounded 

Petersburg, Va, Wolfeborough 

Daniel P. Copp, B, llth X. II. V., dropped, „ 
George II. Waklron, G, X. ll. S. M. 
George W. Elliott, I. Serg't, 8th N. II. v., 

de-id, Wolfeborough 

Jacob Bauson, A, uih v ii. v., dead, ,, 

■ i. Frederick Sumner, I, 19th Maine v., trans- 
ferred, Wolfeborough 
Jones Harden, G.lstN. II. II. A., dropped, ., 
M. Elliott, 1, 8th X. II. v., dropped, ,, 
Thoiua- Chase, B, 16th X. II. v., wounded in 

knee, dead, Wolfeborough 

Isaiah K. Drevi , G, IstN. H. H. A. 
i zra B. Tebbitts, K, 5th X. ll. v., dropped, „ 
William II. Dame, I), 6th N. II. \ .. wounded 

al hattleof Wilderness, Va, Ossipee 

Samuel F.Lewis, D, i;tii x. II. V. Ossipee 

George E. Kimball, G, IstN. H. H. A. Wolfeborough 
Jacob J. Hammond, (1, 1st Maine V. 
J I, 10th „ 
) G, 29th „ 
{ G, U. S. Army 
7 years, II months' service Wolfeborough 

George O. Sceggell, G, Cor., 3d N. H. V. Ossipee 

James Evans, C, 6th N. II. V., transferred, 

Thomas E. Mitchell, II, 1st Serg't, 5th N. H. V., 

dropped, Wolfeborough 

Daniel W. Shaw, E, 3d N. H. V. Ossipee 

Henry Cook, E, 18th N. H.V., dropped, Wolfeborough 
Asa Pray, A, Cor., 13th N. H. V., transferred, Ossipee 
Richard R. Cotton, I A, 17th N. II. V. 
j I, 18th „ 

Charles W. Thompson, A, 13th N. H. V., 

transferred, Ossipee 

Marshall P. Wentworth, G, 3d N. II. V. 
John Folsom, I), 6th N. II. V., dropped, „ 

Frank W. Heath, D, 2d N. II. V., dropped, 
Harris W. Morgan, F, 18th N. II. V., dead, 

Henry C. Nichols, K, 1st N. II. H. A., trans- 
ferred, Ossipee 
George W. Chesley, I, 8th N. H. v., trans- 
ferred, Ossipee 
Frank R. Hobbs, F, Serg't, 18th N. H. V., 

transferred, Ossipee 

William Corson, I!, 16th N. II. V., dropped, 

John A. Burrows, A, Cor., 8th Mass. 

Chelmsford, Mass., 
Freeman D. Gove, B, Serg't, 18th Maine, 

dropped, Tuftonborough 

Benjamin Stokes, I, 8th N. II. V., dropped, ,, 
John D. Morrison, I E, Cor., 98th 111. Inf. 
\ C, „ 8th Vet. 

Calvin Iloyt, E, 10th N. II. V. 

Charles E. Johnson, B, 16th N.H. V. Haverhill, Mass. 
Timothy A. Haley, K, 12th N. II. V. Tuftonborough 
Charles J. Wood, E, 13th N. H. V., trans- 
ferred, Wolfeborough 
Charles H. Tebbetts, G, 5th X. II. V. 
George W. Peaslce, G, Cor., 7th N. II. V. 
Henry E. Sias, A, 13th N. H. V., trans- 
ferred, Ossipee 
John A. Geralds, F, 9th N. II. V., dropped, 

John Tebbetts, I, 8th N. II. V. 

Jonas Kimball, D, 6th N. H. V. Ossipee 

Alonzo T. Grant, K, 9th Maine, Wolfeborough 

Darius W. Ham, K, 18th N. II. V. 
Edward E. Fall, K, 12th N. H. V. Tuftonborough 

M. I). L. McDuffee, K, 12th N. II. V. „ 

Jeremiah B. Cook, G, Cor., 6th N. H. V. Wolfeborough 
Elijah S. Haley, L, 1st N. II. II. A. Tuftonborough 
David A. William, A, 4th N. II. V., dead, 

Daniel W. Emerson, A, Cor., 13th N. H. V. 


Military Affairs. 

William K. Fullerton, K, I -Jiii N. II. \. Wolfeborough 
Ezra i'.. Tebbetts, n, 5tb n. ii. v., dropped, 

Albert W. Wlggin, B, 1st Lieut, 16tfa n. ii. V. 

Joseph L. Seavey, M, 4th Mass. n. a. „ 

Orlando F. Davis, \, uii, v ll. \ . „ 

Isaac Roberts, k, 103d U.S. C.T. 
Amos Vermitt, 1, 18th n. ii. \'. 


Henry Eldrldge, H. 5th N n. \ . 
Alonzo (, i., 9th v n \ . 
Greenleaf i>. Davis, K, 18th n. ii. v. di 

\\ olfi 
Daniel Llbbej , n, 2d Lieut, 5th \. n. \ . 

Alonzo Nun, I i , 5th Maine, 
I C, 10th ,, 

Jasfi b ii. w \ki:i s, Commander. 



Frank K. Hobbs, F, Sergeant, 18th x. n. 

Ossipee Valley 
John W. Folsom, 'Nad, Centre Ossipee 

Charles II. Larabee, K, 1st v II. II. A. Ossipee 

\. V.. Spear, H, 7th Maine Vol. Centre Ossipee 

Hiram Pray, K, 1st N. II. II. A. Ossipee 

George M. Loring, K, 9th N. II. Inf. ,, 

John B. Dearborn, K, 1st Maine Cavalry, ,, 

George W. Chesley, I, 18th X. H. [nf. 
Charles E. Keyes, A, 18th x. n. inf. 
John B. Conner, A, 13tli N. II. Int. 
Robert G. Ross, K, 1st N. II. n. A. 
Henry Eldridjre, II, 5th X. H. Inf., transferred „ 
Thatcher S. Thompson, Centre < issipee 

Tobias Pernald, ('. 18tb N. II. Inf. Ossipee 

Noah Shaw, H, 5th \. II. Inf. Effingham 

Joseph W. Chamberlin, B, 16th N. II. Inf. Ossipee 
Albert C. Abbott, A, 18th N. H. Inf. 
John M. Brown, C, 1st N. II. Cavalry, 
[ra i lough, <;, 3d N. II. Inf., suspended, 
Frank W. Barker, B, 32d .Maine Inf. 
George E. Goodhue, B, 16th N. II. Inf. 
•lame- Milliken, K, 1st X. II. H. A. 
John B. Davis, F, 1-1 N. II. II. A., dropped, 

George R. Abbott, 9th Mass. Battery, Ossipee 

A-a Pray, A. 13th X. H. Inf. 

Henry C. Nichols, K, 1st X. II. II. A. „ 

• al\ in Brown, 15, 7th X. II. Inf. 
James M. Moulton, 1st X. II. II. A. „ 

Eben Eldridge, K, 9th X. II. Inf. 
Nathaniel Meserve, B, 1st N. H. II. A. 
Jacob C. Dore, K, 9th X. II. Inf. ,, 

Andrew .1. Wentworth A, 13th X. II. Inf. 

Wolfboro' Junction 
Joseph Glidden, 18th X. II. Inf., suspended, 

Effingham Centre 
Charles W. Thompson, A, 13th X. II. Inf., 

dead, Ossipee 



i >ssipee 

John A. Nichols, A, 18th x. n. Inf. 

W. II. II. Clough, F, 9th Maine in!., dropped, ,, 

E. It. Bickford, K, l-t N. II. II. A. 

Thomas J. I >rne, K, 1st N. H. H. A. „ 

Samuel Moulton, K, 9th N. ll. inf. Freedom 

Martin Drury, <;, 6l8l Ma--, inf. Wolfboro' Junction 

Benjamin F. Peavey, G, 3d N. H. Inf. Ossipee 

David liar i, C, Blaine Cavalry, Freedom 

John Sanborn, A, 1st X. II. H. A. 

John Giles, I, 9th X. V. Inf. Madison 

Mark A. I,. Colbath, A, 1:1th X. II. Inf. 

Wolfboro' Junction 
Albert W. Leighton, P, 44th Mass. Inf. Ossipee 

Samuel Q. Dearborn, l>, 18th X. II. Inf. Effingham 

Mayhew c Allard, G, i-t X. II. II. A. Freed 

John Stltson, D, 18th X. II. Inf. Effingham 

Joseph Kimv, G, 7th X. H. Inf. Ossipee 

Jacob L. De Molt. I. S. Navy, 

John II. Beacham, A. 13th N. II. Inf. 
Charles Eastman, -F, 1st Maine Cavalry, sub 

pended, Ossipee 

James H. Thurston, A, 13th X. II. Inf. E Lton 

Thomas Goodwin, B, i-t Mass Inf. Ossipee 

Simeon W. Hatch, 18th N. H. Inf. 
Stephen Bean, K. i-t x. II. II. A. 
John F. Hanson, K, 1st X. II. II. A. 
Levi F. Whiting, G, 12th X. II. Inf., also G, 

l>t N. ii. ll. A. Tamwortfa 

I). O. Sanborn, alias D. <). Wentworth, A, 

3Stb Mass. Inf. Tamworth 

Albion Hay ford, C,48th Mass. Inf. 

Samuel I. Finer- II, IJIh Maine Inf. Madison 

Joseph C. Perrlng, I, 7th X. it. inf. 

Henry Richburg, Ipee 

Henry E. Sias, A, 13th X. II. Inf. 

John Storer, F, 8th Maine Inf. 

George W. Sawyer, A, 13th X. H. Inf. Wakefield 

William II. Davis, F, 7th X. II. Inf. Tamworth 

The above-mentioned post was named in honor of Thomas L. Ambrose, "I 
Ossipee, chaplain of the Twelfth New Hampshire Regiment, who was severely 
Wounded -Inly 24, 18G4, and died of his wounds A.ugus1 L9, 1 S64. 

Chaplain Ambrose, after graduating from Bowdoin and Andover Theological 
Seminary, was at once ordained, in his native town, to tin- ministry, and as a 


History of Carroll County. 

missionary to Persia, to which distant iield of labor he proceeded within a few 
months, and passed nearly three years among the mountain Nestorians with 
gratifying success, till he was prostrated by a fever in 1861; when he reluc- 
tantly returned to this country by the advice of his physician. A change of 
climate proving favorable to his health, and being filled with a strong desire to 
be of service to the country, which he found disturbed by civil war, he accepted 
the chaplaincy of the Twelfth, tendered him by Governor Berry. He was 
taken prisoner with Colonel Potter at Chancellorsville, but soon after released. 
Having studied medicine to some extent, he volunteered during the latter part 
of his service to perform duties at the hospital in addition to his labors with 
the regiment. While walking from headquarters to the hospital one morning, 
he was shot by a concealed enemy and died not long after. He possessed a 
pleasing address, warm and earnest sympathies, and an unblemished Christian 
character which endeared him to every one in the regiment, so that the soldiers 
called him the " model chaplain," which title he richly deserved. 



It. F. (lark, I!, 15th Mass. Inf., Antictani, Conway 
('. A. Broughton, E, I8tli N. IT. Inf. 
Peter Mitchell, K, 13th N. II. Inf., Fort Harri- 
son, Conway 
S. A. Evans, Surgeon, 14th Maine Inf. ,, 
James May hew, F, 2d N. II. Inf., Malvern 

Hill, Albany 

George F. Red ton, K, 23d Maine Inf. Conway 

Isaac M. Kallock, II, 32d Maine Inf., Peters- 
burg Mine Explosion, North Conway 
I . . w. Purrlngton, E, 14th N. H. Albany 
George W. Philbrook, I?, 23d, and I, 29th 

Maine, Centre Conway 

Ormond W. Merrill, E, 18th N. H. Inf. 
G. F. Boston, 9th Mass. Bat'y, North Conway 

Frank Eastman, H, 27th Maine Inf. Conway 

W. Bean, E, 18th N. II. Inf., dead. 
nnin Robertson, H, 7th N. H. Inf., Fort Wag- 
ner and Olustee, Fla, Conway 
\ an. A. Pray, K, 22d Mass. Inf. North Conway 
Joseph P. Pitman, E, 18th N. II. Inf. Centre Conway 
Charles A. Hill, E, 18th N. II. Inf. Conway 
Lorenzo T. Hale, E, 18th N. II. Inf. Centre Conway 
Charles H. Eastman, F,2d N. II. Inf. North Conway 
George W. Marden, A, 5th N. II., Hatcher's 

Run, North Conway 

w. n. Hanson, 2d N. II. Inf. „ 

■ I. II. Stinson, C, llth Maine Inf., dead. 
Henry Mull, II, ith Mass. Inf. Conway 

Samuel Ward, <;, 1st N. II. Art., dead. 
George W. Gray, A, L3th N. II. Inf. Madison 

M h Boyce, <;. 13th \. II. Inf. Conway 

Nathan Stacy, D, 6th N. II. Inf. Madison 

Charles II. Williams, K, -ttli N. II. Inf., dead. 
John M.i .tiinii.-iii. A, l'Jtli Mass. Inf., dead. 

Elisha M. Dinsmore, A, 13th N.H. Inf. 

Lower Bartlett 
John M. Gile, F, 29th Maine Inf. North Conway 

Marshall C. Wentworth, I, 6th Maine, battle 

of Five Forks, etc. Jackson 

Henry A. Warren, K, 25th Maine Inf. Conway 

Josiah C. Flanders, A, 13th N. H. Inf. Madison 

Freeman (>. Hodge, 5th Vt Inf. Jackson 

Joseph Mead, D, 6th N. H. Inf. Centre Bartlett 

Albra Garland, I, 27th Maine Inf. Centre Conway 
Samuel M. Harmon, 7th N. H. Inf. Madison 

Edgar E. Stevens, A, llth Maine Inf., 

Hatcher's Run, Bartlett 

Charles W. Willey, K, 2d Maine Inf. 
John H. Sanders, I, 19th Maine Inf., Mine 

Run, Bartlett 

L. E. Howard, E, 18th Maine Inf., Cold 

Alpha W. Hall, B, 16th N. H. Inf. 
J. F. Robinson, Oth Maine Bat'y 
John Eastman, M, 32d Mass Inf. 
Andrew T. Parker, B, 16th N. H. Inf. 
William S. Dinvmock, 15th Maine Inf 
Anson J. Bishop, F, 57th Mass. Inf. 
Freeman Nute, A, 13th N. H. Inf. 
James Reba, E,- 9th Maine Inf. 
Frank W. Brown, 1st Maine Bat'y, 
William II. French, G, 13th Maine Inf. 

Centre Conway 
William C. Davis, C, llth Maine Inf., Deep 

Bottom, North Conway 

Andrew P. Webber, G, 9th Maine Inf. Albany 

Archibald Allen, I, 1st U. S. Art. Bartlett 

W. S. Abbott. 
Wiley Walker, H, 23d Maine Inf. North Conway 


North Conway 

Military Affairs. 

Joseph I). Hawkins, i >. i;i ii \ . 1 1 . 1 1. 1. Centre Conway 

(.hark- K. Holmes, B, I7lh U. S. Inf. 

w. a. sioanr, Kith \t 1 1 1 1" . , Winchester, Va, 

Sept. I", 1864, Conwaj 

Kdu in M. r"oung, 1st D. ( < av. 

• lam. Nate, 

George P. Dlnsmorc, n, 12th n. ii. Inf. 

SONS of vi<:terans. 



Dennis K. ( alter, Saco, Die, 

Harlan B. Ham, 

William E. Smith, 

l.i'\ i I.. Magoon, 

Will O.Cook, 

Frank If. Lowell, Kennebunk, Me, 

William Heard, 

Samuel l.eavitt, Mlddleton, Mass. 

Lew i- B. Smith, 

Will 8. l.eavitt, Mlddleton, Mass. 

Fred ('. (iilman, 

George S. Gault, Salmon Falls, 

Barker Plummer, Farmington, 

Henry < >. Fogg, 


Frank li. Atw I, 

l'.\ run i lines, 
George Fogg, 
Leslie smith, 

W ill \. \ t ^^ I, 

Charles E. Mudgett, 

• lame- (.. l.ea\ itt, Middleton, Mi 

Ed. Angler, Randolph, Mass. 

Frank W. Scriggins, 

Closes P. Page. 

Uriah McDaniel. 

Herbert L. Brown. 

Demeritt Smith. 

In the above list the place of residence is indicated, as shown from Descrip- 
tive Book, also birthplace if different from the then place <>l residence. 

The camp is at present inactive. 

Joe E. Watson, of Sandwich, now of Bronson, Mich., son of Sergeant 
Oliver Watson, of the Third New Hampshire, is Adjutant of the Michigan 
Division Sons of Veterans. 


(JANUARY 28, 1889. 


•Toll ii A. Nichols, I lap tain, 

Allium F. Abbott, 1-t Lieutenant, 

KIiiilm- L. Lorlng, 2d ,, 

Charles S. Bean, chaplain, 

George II. Abbott, l-t Sergeant, 

Red E. Bean, Quartermaster Sergeant, 

Kmery Bloody, Color Sergeant, 

( barles I. Ross, S. G. 

I'ltniier F. Fall, !'. Musician, 

David Page, Corporal of the Guard, 

< >.-sipee 

John E. Pray, Captain of the Guard, 06sipee 

William (i. Abbott, Pickel Guard, 

Lyford A. Abbott, Brother, 

George A. Redlon, ,, .. 

JOShua E. (he-ley, „ ,, 

George W. Lew is, „ 

John W. Nichols, ,, .. 

Frank Moody, ,, 

Noah Shaw, ,, Effingham 

Edward G. Emerson, ,, Madison 

In the foregoing pages I have endeavored to be accurate in the statement 
:>f facts, and have spent more time on one or two individual names than 
1 thought first it would require for the whole chapter; nevertheless there 

1x4 History of Carroll County. 

are inevitable inaccuracies, arising partly from the fact that the official 
list in the "Adjutant-General's Report" is not absolutely correct, both in 
reference to names and residences. This, no doubt, is owing to several 
reasons, all growing out of the peculiar circumstances at the time; the 
haste, the excitement, the rush, and all combined, made it almost impos- 
sible for every residence to be given or understood distinctly, in which 
case it would be recorded as " Unknown," and the same might be true 
as to the name itself : so that, in some rare cases, by the time the name 
appears in the " Adjutant-General's Report," the man himself could not 
tell who he was, or where he lived. For instance, William W. Ballard 
is recorded in one place as William N. Ballard, and Edmund C. Bennett 
as Edward C. Bent; and there are several more similar cases of which I 
knew personally, and corrected; but there are some names that will appear 
wrong in spelling perhaps, or something else, because they appear so in 
the official report, or will not appear at all perhaps, for the same reason, 
or because the residence appears as "unknown," or is wrongly recorded. 
According to "Adjutant-General's Report," three men of the Fourteenth 
Regiment, by the name of Haggett, are recorded as from Pembroke, while 
in the history of the Fourteenth two appear as from Sandwich, in which 
case I follow the "Adjutant-General's Report," for seemingly good reasons. 

President Lincoln, in his message to Congress, July 4, 1861, among other 
things, said: — 

There are many single regiments whose members, one and another, possess full practical 
knowledge of all the arts, sciences, professions, and whatever else, whether useful or elegant, 
is known in the whole world, and there is scarcely one from which there could not be selected 
a president, a cabinet, a congress, and perhaps a court, abundantly competent to administer 
the government itself. 

Having served at the front nearly two years in close connection with ten 
New Hampshire regiments and scores from other states, I know that those from 
New Hampshire were considered the equals of any (to say the least) in all 
respects; and the soldiers from Carroll were as good as those from other parts 
of the state. 

If the whole story could be written of all who went from this count}' only 

— of their acts of bravery, heroic fortitude under trials, of their many marches, 

campaigns, and sufferings, it would fill a volume as large as this, read like one 

of Scott's romantic tales, and tell the whole history of the war. 

Military Affairs. 


There never has been but one such war as this, and never will be anotli 
The opposing parties were of the same Language, nationality, skill, com 
perseverance, thus causing more than twice the losses in campaigning and bat- 
tles, than (excepting the foolhardy and disastrous Russian campaign > the French 
suffered under the greal Napoleon. Of all that went from New Hampshire 
than one half returned. All alike, whether thej returned or not, offered their 
lives as a sacrifice on their country's altar. Their patriotism was manifi 
by their willingness to serve. Those who survived at least had the satisfaction 
of knowing they did their duty. Of those who died it may be written : 

<>n fame's eternal camping-ground, 

Their silent tent s arc spread ; 
And glory guards with solemn round, 

The bivouac of the dead. 

The "Grand Army of the Republic" is a grand benevolent institu- 
tion, a natural sequel of the war of the Rebellion of an entirely pacific nature. 
non-partisan and non-sectarian, to whose motto, " Fraternity, Charity, Loyalty," 

none can reasonably object. It has been the means of binding together more 
closely those who participated in the stirring scenes of those eventful years. 
A casual observer might suppose, perhaps, that its energies were mostly devoted 
to the celebration of Memorial Day, when, in fad. so far as material benefit 
is concerned, that is but a small part of the aim of its founders. It has 
expended in a quiet way, from a fund raised by a small sum which each 
member contributes quarterly, many thousands of dollars c\rry year for the 
last twenty years, in aid of needy surviving comrades, and in paying the 
funeral expenses of those deceased. At present it is a vast organization 
numbering something- less than half a million, and is about ;it its climax. 
Organized in 1866, it has been in existence twenty-three years, and will 
continue for twenty or twenty-live years longer, when its active benevolence 
will cease, as there will be none to give and none to receive ; when the pleasing 
and mournful ceremonies of Memorial Day will be among the thing- of the 
past; and. thenceforward those who have been members of the "Grand Arm\ 
of the Republic,'" with none living to continue the ceremony of Decoration 
Day for them, must be content to. let 

The mountains weep in crystal rill; 
The Mowers in tears of balm distill; 
Through the loved groves let breezes sigh, 
And oaks, in deeper groan, reply; 
And rivers teach their rushing waves 
To murmur dirges round their graves. 

186 History of Carroll County. 



.Masonic. — Morning Star Lodge, Wolfeborough — Charter Oak Lodge, Effingham — 
Unity Lodge, Union. — Carroll Lodge, Freedom — Red Mountain Lodge, Sandwich — Ossipee 
Valley Lodge, Centre Ossipee — Mount Washington Lodge, North Conway — Officers of the 
Grand Lodge. Odd Fellowship. — Saco Valley Lodge, North Conway —Bear Camp Lodge, 
Sandwich --Cold River Lodge, Tarn worth — Osceola Lodge, Bartlett — Trinity Lodge, Eaton 
— Fidelity Lodge, Wolfeborough — Crystal Lodge, Madison — Carroll County Medical Society. 

THE lodges forming the "sixth masonic district" of New Hampshire were 
(•(instituted May 17, 1876, into that body, and are Morning Star, Red 
Mountain, Unity, Ossipee Valley, Carroll, Charter Oak, Mt Washington, 
Libanus. All save the last are in Carroll county. H. A. Hayes was its first 
District Deputy Grand Master, and Charles A. Varney, Grand Lecturer. 

The first lodge of Ancient Free and Accepted Masons held in America met 
in Boston, Mass., July 30, 1733, under a commission from the Right Honorable 
and Most Worshipful Anthony, Lord Viscount Montague, Grand Master of 
England. The first lodge instituted in New Hampshire was St John's Lodge, 
No. 1, at Portsmouth, in 1730. The first lodge in Carroll county territory was 
Morning Star Lodge, No. 17, organized at Moultonborough in 1804. 

Morning Star Lodge, A. F. and A. M., No. 17, Wolfeborough.— [By F. W. 
Prindall.] Many among the early settlers of Sandwich, Moultonborough, etc., 
were from Portsmouth, and towns in its vicinity, and had there been made 
members of the fraternity. After their removal to this new country their 
hearts longed for brotherhood intercourse and a masonic home that they could 
attend. At the request of John Anthony, Nathan Hoit, Lott Cooke, Noah Rob- 
inson, Job Sheldon, Jonathan Wiggins, and Charles Little, of Moultonborough, 
recommended by St John's Lodge, No. 1, Washington Lodge, No. 13, and Olive 
Branch Lodge, No. 16, this warrant of dispensation was granted by the Most 
Worshipful Grand Lodge of Ancient Masons in New Hampshire: — 

i L. s.] l'.\ authority rested in me as Grand Master of Masons in and throughout the State of New Hampshire] 
Be it known, that I, Thomas Thompson, on application and proper recommendation of John Anthony, 
Nathan Hoit, and others, all master masons, for a new Lodge to be constituted and holden at Moultonborough, 
in this state, do hereby empower said Anthony and others to assemble at said Moultonborough, as a Lodge of 
Masons; to perfect themselves in the several duties of Masonry; to make choice of officers; to make regulations 
and by-laws, and to admit candidates into the first degree of Masonry, all according to the ancient customs of 
Masons : 

This Warrant of Dispensation to continue in full force and authority for nine months from the date hereof. 
Given under my hand and the seal of the Grand Lodge, the 24th day of October, a.l. 5804. 

Thomas Thompson, Grand Master. 
Attest : L. SPAULDING, Grand Secretary. 

Masonic and Otheb Organizations. [87 

The first meeting at which work was done was Noveml>er 20, 1804, when 
John Cahoon, of Lyndon, N't. was initiated. The firsl annual communication 
was held December 18, 1804. John Anthony was chosen \V. M. : Noah 
Robinson, S. W. ; Lotl Cooke, -). W. ; Charles Little, Secretarj ; and Jonathan 
Wiggins, Treasurer, pro tern. At the nexl meeting, Januar) 24, L805, il was 
"voted that Bro. Jonathan Anthony procure eighteen chairs Eor the use of the 
lodge exclusive of one for the Mast, and procure 'spermcite' candles for the 
use of the lodge." The hour of assembling was then one o'clock p.m. April 
27, L805: " Voted, thai the R. W. M. petition the Grand Ledge for a charter, 
and thai we be installed at Moultonborough, St John's day, in June next." 
At this meeting arrangements were perfected for the consecration. A glorious 
time was anticipated. The secretary was directed to advise the public by 
publishing ;i notice in the New Hampshire Gazette and (h-*/*-/, >• Bro. Nathan 
Unit was to act as marshal; Mr I. Beede was "extended an invitation to come 
and deliver a sermon without expense'.'; Bro. James ( ). Freeman was to 
prepare and deliver an oration: Brothers James ( ). Freeman, Nathaniel 
Shannon, Jonathan Wiggins, Charles Little, and James W. Means were com- 
mittee mi refreshments. The house for the reception of the Grand deputation 
of the Grand Lodge was the inn of Mr George Freese, and the place to open 
the Grand Lodge was at the house of Bro. Jonathan Wiggins. Brothers 
Sheldon and Little were to provide "musick," if they thought best. For some 
reasons the consecrating ceremonies were postponed until the 30th day of 
September, 1805. On the 30th day of May, 1805, the following was issued 
from the Grand Secretary's office : — 

PORTSMOl l II, Maj 30, A.l. 
To John Anthony, .)Fa</' r, and tli< .1/' rubers <>/ Morning Star Lodgt , No. 17, Moultonborough : — 

He it known, that, on proper application, the Grand Master has seen lit to continue your Dispensation in 
full force ana authority for twelve months from the dale thereof: that is, to the fourth day of October, a.i,. 

And be it known, that the Morning Star Lodge is hereby permitted to pass to the degree of a Fellow Crafl 
the three following Brethren, namely, Asa Crosbj . Nathaniel shannon, James Otis Freeman. 
r.v order of the Grand Master. 

I,. Spaolding, i. ran. i Secretary. 

The lodge, though very enthusiastic, contained but twelve members. 
September 16, 1805, Brothers Sheldon and Little were instructed to procure 
twelve aprons for the use of the lodge. 

At a special Grand Lodge, holden in the lodge-room at Moultonborough. 
Monday. September 30, A.L. 5805, for instituting and consecrating Morning 
Star Lodge, there were present R. W. Lyman Spaulding, Special (J rand 
Master: R. W. John Harris, Deputy Grand Master; Rev. George Richards, 
Past Grand Master; W. Robert Fowle, Senior Grand Warden: W. Thomas 

Chadbourne, Junior Grand Warden: Dr Robbins, Grand Treasurer; 

Henry Hubbard, Grand Secretary: Mr Noyes, Senior Grand Deputy; 

[88 History of Carroll County. 

\1, Walker. Junior Grand Deputy; William White, Grand Marshal; 

William Webster, Grand Pursuivant; Messrs Hutchins, Lord, Butler, and 
Clark, Grand Stewards; Captain Shepard, Grand Tyler. 

After opening the Grand Lodge the proceedings and records were 
examined, and in several instances found faulty, but the lodge is reported 
to "have some respectable men and intelligent masons." After the Right 
Worshipful Master had addressed the lodge on the impropriety and impru- 
dence of giving admissions invariably to applicants in a short but piquant 
address, they proceeded to the ceremony of consecration. Hon. Nathan Hoit 
was placed in the chair, and a procession formed which moved to the meeting- 
house accompanied by music, where the Throne of Grace was addressed by 
Rev. George Richards. A discourse from Rev. Robert Fowle followed, when 
Nathan Hoit was invested with the badge of Master, John Anthony installed 
S. W., James O. Freeman, J. W., Jonathan Wiggins, treasurer, Charles Little, 
secretary; etc. Music closed the exercises, when they repaired to the lodge- 
mum where a repast was served. 

Below we give a copy of the charter, a document highly prized by the 
members of this lodge for its antiquity and the excellent condition in which it 
has been preserved. It is written on parchment in a neat and legible hand, 
and is remarkable for the correctness of the spelling, and is free from the 
old-fashioned " s " so common in instruments of those days. 


To all the Fraternity to whom these Presents shall come: — 

The Grand Lodge of the most Ancient and Honorable Society of Free and Accepted Masons for the State of 
New Hampshire sends greeting. 

WiiEKEAS a petition has been presented to us by John Anthony, Nathan Hoit, Lott Cooke, Job Sheldon, 
Jonathan Wiggin, Godfrey Waldo, Noah Robinson, and Charles Little, all ancient free and accepted Masons, 
praying thai they, with such others as shall hereafter join them, may lie erected and constituted a regular lodge 
of Free and Accepted Masons — whirh petition appearing to us as tending to the advancement of Masonry and 
the good of the < Iraft, 

Know ye therefore, that we, the Grand Lodge a foresaid, reposing special trust and confidence in the prudence 

and fidelity of our beloved brethren above named, have constituted and appointed, and by these presents do 

constitute and appoint them the said John Anthony, Nathan Hoit, Lott Cooke, Job Sheldon, Jonathan Wiggin, 

Godfrey Waldo, Noah Robinson, and Charles Little, a regular lodge of Free and Accepted Masons, under the 

title and designation of .Morning star Lodge, No. 17, hereby giving and granting unto them and their successors, 

full power and authority to convene as masons, within the town of Moultonborough, in the County of Strafford 

and State aforesaid— to receive and enter Apprentices, pass Fellow Crafts, and raise Master Masons, upon the 

nt of such moderate compensations for the same as maybe determined by the said lodge; also, to make 

of a Master, Wardens, and other office bearers, annually, or otherwise, as they shall see cause; to receive 

and collect funds for the relief of poor and distressed brethren, their widows or children, and in general to 

i all matters relating to masonry, which may to them appear to be for the good of the Craft, according to 

the ancient usages and customs of masons. 

And we do hereby require the said constituted brethren to attend the Grand Lodge at their quarterly 
communications and other meetings by their master and wardens, or by proxies regularly appointed; also, to 
keep a fair and regular record of all their proceedings, and lay them before the Grand Lodge when required. And 

we do enjoin u] ur brethren of the said lodge, that they be punctual in their payments of such sums as may 

for the supporl of the Grand Lodge — that they behave themselves respectfully and obediently to 
their superiors in office, and in all 'other respects conduct themselves as good masons. And we do hereby 
declare the precedence of the said lodge, in the Grand Lodge and elsewhere, to commence from the date 

Masonic and Otheb Organizations. 

in testimony whereof , We, the Grand Master, Deputy Grand m.i ter, and Grand Wai 
power and authority to ns committed, have hereunto set our hands, and caused the Beal ol tin 
be affixed at Portsmouth this twenty-fourth daj ol October, a.d. 1804 and \. i i804 


• Iiiiin U< (Ms i,„ K Senior Grand Warden. 
Edward j. Long, Junior Gram 
Attest : L. Spaulding, Grand Secretary. 

Thia lodge continued in a prosperous and successful condition, and did for 
those times a Large amount of work, enrolling among its members some of the 
tin >st influential and substantial men of that time within its jurisdiction, which 
covered an immense section of territory, for its first initiate was a residenl near 
the Canada lino: while there were applications from near Rochester and along 
the western side of the hike. For several years it flourished finely. We have 
no means of knowing how, or in what kind of a room, the lodge held its meet- 
ings, nor how elaborately it was furnished, but there was some pride in the 
fittings, for, June 8, 1808, the lodge voted to purchase a carpel for their hall. 
What a palatial appearance must have greeted the candidate when " brought to 
light " amid the glow ol' those illustrious luminaries, the " spermcite ! " 

The lodge, November 2, 1808, voted its assent for a lodge at Sanbornton, 
and March 29, 1809, for a lodge at Rochester. About this time interesl ap- 
pealed to wane; little work was done, and the last record of the Lodge a' 
Moultonboiough was January 3, 1812, at which Samuel Meder was chosen 
master, and William Freese representative to the Grand Lodge. 

At the session of the Grand Lodge, January 25, 1815, Morning Star Lodge 
was represented by Edward B. Neally, master; Josiah Bartlett, senior warden. 
probably as proxies, as none of these names appear on the records. At the 
next session, June 12, 1816, appears on the records: — 

Morning Star Lodge, No. IT, proposed to resign their charter to the (J ram I Lodge, ana it was voted to accept 
oi Bald Charter, which was accordingly delivered to the <;. secretary. 

It does not appear that any representative of the lodge was present. From 
this date the lodge was dormant until June 9, 1819, when the following i- 
reeorded by the Grand Lodge: — 

These petitions of Asa Perkins and others, for the removal of Lodge No. 17. from Moul- 
tonborough to Wolfeborough, were referred to Bros. Pierce, Webster, and Sandborn. 

To tht Most Worshipful Master, Wardens and Brethren of tin Grand Lodgeofthe Statt of New Hampshire :- 
We, the subscribers, tree and accepted Master Mason-, ana members of Morning Mar Lodge, No. l7,organized 
ana established at Moultonborougb in said state, respectfully represent : that, agreeable to a vote oi said I 

and tin- consent of the Grand Lodge, in tli.' year a. i.. 5816, we deposited our charter in the archives "t the Grand 
Lodge of New Hampshire for a certain lime, ami as we expected "ii Mich conditions thai we could withdraw it 
at any period within the time specified, ami that it should not affect our standing or deprive US Of our right- ami 
privilege- a- tree and accepted Masons : the time long since has expired. 

Wherefore your petitioners praj thai the old < lharter o! said Lodge maj he restored t" them with all the 
rights ami privileges "i regularly constituted lodges, a- long a- we conform to the constitution oi Masonrj ; thai 

190 History of Carroll County. 

having the prosperity of the fraternity at heart, we are willing and zealous to exert our best endeavors to fur- 
i ],,.,- promote and diffuse the genuine principles of Masonry; that for the conveniently of our respective dwell- 
in-- and for other g I reasons, we arc very desirous of having the old Charter restored to us and permanently 

established a( Wolfborough in said slate; the locality of the place and the respective dwellings of most of your 
petitioners arc such that a lodge can be formed without inconvenience or encroachment upon our avoca- 
tion-, which will greatlj enhance our privileges and give us a better opportunity in promoting and diffusing the 
true and genuine principles of Masonry to those who arc worthy and well qualified. In duty bound we ever 
pray. Wolfborough, May 12, a.l. 5819. Bartho. Gilman, Samuel Meder, John Piper, .Tun., Ichabod Libbey, 
John Piper, Wm. < ihamherlain, Nathl. Shannon, Wm. C. Freese, Ichabod Shaw, Jonathan Copp. 

To the Most Worshipful Master, Wardens and Brethren of the Grand Lodge of the State of Netc Hampshire : — 

We, the subscribers, Master Masons and members of other Lodges in this state, Inhabitants of Wolfborough 
and its vicinity, respeel fully represent, that it is our hearty and sincere desire that the Charter of Morning Star 
Lodge, formerly established at Moultonborough, may be restored, together with its constitutional rights and 
privileges, to the foregoing petitioners Members of said Lodge, and be established at Wolfborough, where we 
have every reason to hope that Masonry might flourish; considering the locality of the place, the situation anil 
respectability of the members of said Lodge. Therefore your petitioners pray that you grant the request of the 
before mentioned petitioners, so that we may receive instruction and the benefits of masonry ourselves by 
aiding and assisting the further promotion of its genuine principles to others, whereof we ever pray. 

Wolfborough, May It, a.l. 5819. Asa Perkins, Warren Smith, Levi Merrill, Benjn. Fullerton, John 

The committee to which was referred this petition reported that the prayer 
thereof be granted, which report was accepted, and the lodge instructed to 
elect the same master that was installed last previous to the depositing of their 

After remaining silent six years, seven months, and twenty-nine days, 
.Morning Star Lodge, No. 17, again began to manipulate the trowel to 
"spread the cement of brotherly love and affection." On the first day 
of September, 1819, it held its first communication at the "Inn" of Daniel 
Libbey in Wolfeborough. This inn was located at "Goose Corner." The large 
two-story building occupied by William Rendall as a dwelling is said to be 
the house. There were present Samuel Meder, Jonathan Copp, John Piper, Jr, 
Jedediah Chapman, John Piper, Levi and Asa Merrill. The lodge was opened 
in ancient form on the E. A. degree, and Brother Jonathan Copp chosen Master, 
pro tern.; Samuel Meder, S. W., pro tern.; John Piper, J. W., and Asa Perkins, 
secretary, pro tern. At the next meeting at the same place, September 29, it 
was voted : — 

Brother Samuel Meder be authorized to procure the furniture, jewels, bydaws, and all other property 
belonging to this lodge, from Moultonborough to our lodge room at Libbey's Inn, in Wolfeborough, before 
our next regular communication, and in case of the disability of Brother Meder, Brother Copp is to see that 
this vote is fulfilled according to its intent and purposes. 

Agreeable to the above vote, Brother Copp had procured them at the 
next communication. October 27, 1819, these officers were elected : Samuel 
Meder, W. M. ; Jonathan Copp, S. W. ; William C. Freese, J. W. ; John 
Piper, Jr, treasurer; Levi Merrill, secretary; William Chamberlain, S. D. ; 
John Piper, J. D. ; Ichabod Libbey, S. S. ; William Chamberlain, J. S. ; 
[chabod Libbey, tyler. 

Masontc and Other Organizations. 191 

After the removal, the hour of meeting was 

From l to 8 PJf., on the Wednesday of or preceding everj urn of tbe moon, "and the annual choice ol ofl 
trae a< the regular lodge-meeting preceding the (estiva! ol 81 John the Evangelist, and each member p 
every quarterly communication the sum <>r flftj cents In lieu of evening fees, while visiting brothei 
exempt from all fees at his first sitting, after which he was to pay twenty cents evening fee i \ and I I 
were to each paj evening fees of like amount. Pees for Initiation were twelve dollars ; F. < . or M. M. foui 

dollars. Everj memberwho did not attend punctually at the hour to which he was umm I and keep bin 

place while in the lodge, « as lined or ol herwlse deal! with as a majority though! proper. 

The members of the lodge at this time were Jonathan Copp, Levi Merrill, 
Lyford Shorey, William Piper, Samuel Leavitt, John Piper, David V. Libbey, 
Samuel Meder, and Thomas Rust. 

June 21, 18-0, Brother Joseph Farrar made this proposition, which was 

enacted as a law July 10, 1820: — 

That every use of anient spirits or wine be totally interdicted at any and every future i munlcatiOO Ol the 

lodge, excep! when attended by a visiting brother not amenable to 'tis regulations, nor at such time, unless 
specially directed by the .Master. 

This caused dissatisfaction among some of the older masons who were 
accustomed to the use of wine when called from "labor to refreshments, 1 ' 
and about this time there appears to be a lack of interest and enthusiasm 
in the lodge. 

Brothers Asa Crosby, Samuel Meder, and Jonathan Copp were appointed 
a committee, November 15, 1820, to procure chairs and pedestals for the use 
of the lodge, and December 13 the lodge purchased a tyler's sword of Bro. 
Levi Merrill. February 14, 1821, the annual election of officers was changed 
to April. The first expulsion was June 13, 1821. December 5, 1821, the 
lodge voted to buy one copy of " Speculative .Masonry," and January 2, 1822, 
bought of Daniel Brewster a Masonic Chart for two dollars. 

The first clergyman made a mason was Rev. Joseph Kellum, of Tufton- 
borough, February 6, 1822. On account of his profession, his fees were 

June 9, 1824, voted to furnish "Master's Jewel" and belts for the 
three principal officers. August 16, L826, the lodge voted to remove to 
a hall which Bro. Jon a Copp was then preparing. This hall was situated 
directly opposite where the lodge was holding its meetings, and was in 
the second story of the store in which Mr Copp was trading. September 
4, 1826, a committee was appointed to examine the hall and move the 
furniture; said committee consisting of Brothers Joseph W. bang, John 
Piper, and Samuel Meder. The committee made this report : 

Bro. Jon« Copp agrees to furnish a hall ana a room adjoining, with a stove In each room, for the 

MorniugStar Lodge, No. it, for the considerate t $12 per year, or at that rate as long as the lodge sees Ql 

to occupy it for masonic purposes. The above hall is to be ready at all times for regular and spe< la! 

[92 History of Carroll County. 

The lodge was now in a flourishing condition. The D. D., L. B. Walker, 
in his report to the Grand Lodge, June 12, 1827, says: — 

i have \ (sited Morning star Lodge, No. 17, at Wolfeborough. The Lodge is respectable for the number and 
masonic acquirements of its officers and members, and lias recently much improved in the quantity and quality 
of iis work. Harmony and good fellowship prevail among them. 

It appears that this continued, for the D. D., Charles Lane, in report June 
10, 1828, says: — 

Morning Star Lodge, No. 17, at Wolfeborough, is in a flourishing situation, and appears to keep pace with 
Ihe growing condition of Masonry in this state. 

The second expulsion was May 5, 1830, publicly announced in the Masonic 
Mirror. May 5, 1830, resolutions were presented on the death of Bro. John 
Pike, who died April 20, 1830, the first instance on the records. 

About this time the interest again declined, the treasury was depleted, and 
tut tire prosperity in a precarious condition. The records show that, April, 
1829, there was $ 133. 38 uncollected annual dues, and October 27, 1830, a vote 
was passed 

To postpone the settlement with Bro. Copn until the next communication, and have a committee chosen to 
use their influence to get the lodge together at the next communication, and assist the treasurer in collecting the 

Little more was done, or at least recorded, the most important action for a 
long time being November 7, 1832, when it was " voted that Masonic Hall be 
let to parties for a ball by Bro. Asa Crosby." 

At the annual communication of the Grand Lodge, June 12, 1838, the 
Grand Seeretary was requested to make a statement showing when each lodge 
last made returns, and make report at next annual. In 1839 he reported, and 
in the list was "Morning Star Lodge, 1831." In 1840 a committee of two was 
appointed to compare this report with returns received after that report was 
made. Their report was substantially the same, and was recommitted to the 
same committee to recommend some action. They reported this resolution: — 

Resolved, That the following named lodges, having neglected to make returns to the Grand Lodge within 
the time required by the Grand Regulations, he, and hereby are, stricken from the Grand Lodge Books, and 
their charters are hereby declared forfeited. 

Iii this list was Morning Star Lodge. During a lapse of twenty-three years 
the charter remained in the archives of the Grand Lodge. June, 1854, the 
Grand Lodge was petitioned for the restoration of the charter by Thomas 
Rust, William Chamberlain, William P. Edgerly, William Piper, T. E. Lang, 
and Thomas Shannon. At a session of the Grand Lodge, June 12, 1855, the 
petition was presented by Bro. Josiah B. Edgerly, and referred to the standing 
committee on lodges, who reported : — 


Masonic and Otheb Orqanizatio 198 

The committee baring full confidence In tbe good standing, skill, and ability ol r. 

recommend that, by virtue ol a resoluti C this Granil ed al their annual commuu 

5844, the M. W. Grand Blaster be authorized to return the charter asked tor. 

And it was voted to return the charter, and this warrant issued: — 

( UNCORD, .hiii. 

i~~ / Byvlrtueol power and authority In me vested bj the (.rami Lodge < > t the itatc ol New Uamp hire, 
< -U * 'nil power and authority la hereby granted and given to Thomas Rust, William Chamberlain, William 

P. Edgerly, William Piper, John Piper, Thomas E. Lang, and Thomas Shannon, former membi 
Morning Star Lodge, No. IT, at Wolfborough, and such oilier brethren as maj n loclatc with them, to call a 
meeting oi Bald Lodge, eleol "Hirer-, adopt by-laws, and exercise ana enjoj all thi 
pertaining to Lodges oi Master Masons, they conforming al all times to the rule.-, regulations, ana requlri 
ol the Grand Lodge ol New Eampshire. 

Given under my hand ana the seal ol the Grand Lodge iiii- thirteenth daj ol June, a.i>. 1855, \.i. 

[i ii. G. Jordan, Grand Master. 

Agreeably to notice, Morning Star Lodge mel al brother Thomas Rust's 
office, September 19, a.l. 5855, and opened a w - Lodge of Master Masons," in 
due and ancient form, at which were present 11. W. District Deputy Josiah B. 
Edgerly: Bro. Thomas Rust, S. W. ; William Chamberlain, William Piper, 
Dudley L. Libbey, John Avery, Bro. D. T. Parker, of Humane Lodge, No. 21, 
and proceeded to the election of Thomas Rust, Master; William Chamberlain, 
S. W. : Dudley L. Libbey, J. W. ; John Avery, secretary; Thomas J. Tibbetts, 
treasurer. These were appointed: Bro. Samuel Reynolds, S. D. ; William 
Piper, J. D. ; Joseph V. Wiggin, tyler. 

The lodge assumed work under very favorable circumstances, and increased 
in membership rapidly. The by-laws were ordered printed in pamphlet form 
June 15, 1856. The first masonic funeral conducted by the lodge was thai of 
Bro. Andrew J. Fullerton, October 13, 1856. Brothers John M. Brackett, Abel 
Haley, and Blake Folsom were chosen a committee to furnish the hall Decem- 
ber 10, 1856. 

September 2, 1858, bought a masonic library of Bro. Robert Morris. 
October 20, 1858, Brothers John Wingate, Thomas Rust, and William C. Fox 
were appointed a committee to prepare rules and regulations for the govern- 
ment of the library, but there does not appear by the records that the committee 
ever reported. This library consisted of main' valuable works: many cannot 
now be found. June 27, 1*00, assented to the establishment of Red Mountain 
Lodge, of Sandwich. September 26, 1 S00, purchased chandelier for $20. May 
22, 1861, first public installation of officers. May 7, L862, voted to meet at 
4 p.m. until otherwise ordered. In 1865, by vote of the lodge, the secretary 
prepared a printed list of all the members from 1804 to 1865, giving date of 
initiation, passing, and raising. 

The officers-elect of Morning Star for 1867 were publicly installed May 15. 
the brethren inarching in a body from the lodge-room to Rollins' Hall. I lie 
ceremonies were performed by It. W. D. D. Grand Master John Blackmer. 

194 History of Carroll County. 

July 10, 18(37. Brothers Charles H. Parker, C. Moulton, and Nathaniel Mason 
were appointed a committee to take into consideration the propriety of removing 
the lodge-room to sonic more convenient hall. August 14, 1867, it was voted 
to lease the new hall in Goodwin's block on Main street, the present place of 
meeting, for ten years at $ 100 per annum ; also, that the funds on hand, $800, 
be expended in furnishing the same, and if insufficient an additional sum of 
8100 be raised by subscription. This room was fitted and furnished and the 
lodge took possession January 4, 1868. This hall was richly furnished and is 
one of the tinest and best-arranged lodge-rooms in Carroll county. About this 
time dissatisfaction was expressed by some of the older members on account of 
the change, and some withdrew. For a time the life of the lodge was only kept 
up by great efforts. In 1880 interest was revived and new members were 
added rapidly. In 1882 Bro. George F. Horn was elected master. Mr. 
Horn became deeply interested and devoted a great amount of time to the 
cause, infusing new life and energy into the body. There was soon much im- 
provement ; the lodge-room was beautified, new implements introduced, and 
"more light" shone all about. He encouraged and greatly promoted the social 
virtues, and many enjoyable evenings were passed in the lodge-room. Decem- 
ber 12, 1883, under his direction a convention was held here of nearly all the 
lodges in the county. This proved not only an enjoyable but a most profitable 
occasion. Work was exemplified in each of the degrees by different lodges 
with a view to the perfection of the work, and great good resulted. During 
Brother Horn's term of office much time was devoted to the ritual work, and 
Morning Star was credited with being one of the best and most accurate work- 
ing lodges in the district. Mr. Horn was also district deputy grand lecturer of 
the district, which office he filled with credit to himself and with honor to his 
lodge ; he was also the first district deputy grand master which this lodge 

The lodge is now in a prosperous condition. 

The first public funeral which Morning Star Lodge attended was that 
of Brother George H. Hicks, of South Wolfeborough, September 19, 1869. 
October 5, 1870: The first Grand Lecturer from Morning Star Lodge was 
Brother Henry R. Parker, who was installed in open lodge by W. M. Levi T. 
Haley, by order of M. W. G. M. John R. Holbrook, over lodges No. 17, 57, 58, 
62, 63, 74, and 78. 

I M i kicks.— Worshipful Masters. 1804,. John Anthony; 1805, Nathan Hoit; 1806, James Otis Freeman; 1807, 180S, 
1809, 1813, AsaCrosby; 1810, [chabod Shaw ; 1811, 1812, 1820, Samuel Meader; 1821,1822,1823,1824,1825, 1826,1827, JoJ 
athanCopp; 1828,1829, 1830, Thomas Bust; 1831, Levi Merrill; 1855, 1856, Thomas Rust; 1857, 1858, 1859, 1S60, 1862, 1803, 
Abel Haley; L861, 1864, John Wingate; lso:>, C. F. Parker; 1866, 1867, 1871, William C. Fox; 1868, Henry Kust 
Parker; 1869,1870,1875, 1876, Levi T. Haley; 1872, ls7:i. 1S74, 1879, 1880, 1881, Oliver Dowlin; 1877, 1878, C H. 
Tebbetts; 1882, 1883, 1884, George K. Horn; 1885, 1886, J. F. Gridley; 1887, 1888, W. J. Mattison; 1880, Sewall 
W. Abbott. Senior Wardens. IS04, Nathan lloit; 1805, John Anthony; 1806, 1825, Asa Crosby; 1807, 1808, 1809, 
[chabod Shaw; 1810. 1822, Samuel deader; 1811, 1812, 1813, William C. Freese; 1820, 1830, Jonathan Copp; 1821, 
1829, Levi Merrill; 1823, John Piper, Jr; 1824, David Clark; 1826, 1827, 1831, Thomas Rust; 1828, Nathaniel Horn; 

Mas.. m.' \nd otiirk Organizations. 


L855, William Chamberlain; 1866, Abel Haley; 1857, 1884, J. W. Wery; 185 . 

Wingate.Jr; 1861, Henry Rust Parker; 1862, 1866, William C. Fox; 1863, ( Q i 

1888, Levi T. Haley; I860, 1870, 1872, 1875, L876, Charles ll. Tebbetts; 1871, I87U J n i: 

II. Scott; 1884, J. E. Grldley; 1885, 1886, W. J. klattlson; 1887, « i ii u vblj 

Llbbey. Junior Wardens. 1804, Loll Cooke; 1805, J. Otie Freeman; 1806, Nathaniel Shan, 

lsl -- Jonathan C« ; 1810, William I bamberlaln; 1811, Willi.,,,, Uean; 1813, Jededlah < hapma 

Merrill; 1831, Samuel Meader; L822, 1823, Asa I rosby; 1824, 1825, 1820 1827, L831, William Piper i-- 
Colbj ; 1829, 1830, Andrew Wlggta; 1855, Dudley I.. Llbbej ; 1856, John Averj . 1857, R. R Davl 
Wlngate,Jr;1859, Henry P. Glldden; 1860, Henry R. Parker; 1801, 1862, LevM Plpei ■ i . 
G.P.Nowell; 1866, C. H. Parker; 1866, 1867, 1877, 1878, J. ll. Rust; 1868, C. F.Chase; i860, Charl, 

ls7 "'- 1 ,NV - ^ery; 1871, Oliver Do wlln; 1872, 1873, Francis Jadard ; 1874, 1875, i-;,;, rge E. Chamberlain : 

1883, J. E. Grldley; 1884, J. G. Cate; 1885, F. \\ . Primlall; 1886, C. I.. Horn; L887, - u \i,i„„i ; i»- 
Llbbey; 1889.G.E. Llbbey. Secretaries. 1804, I harles Little; 1805, N. Shannon; 1806, .i. Copp 1807 Samuel 
Meader; 1808, 1809, John W. Bean; 1810, William C. Freese; 1811, 1812, L813, Benjamin Holt; 1820,' Samuel 
Farrar; 1821, As, Crosby; 1822, David T. Llbbey; 1823, David Clarke; 1824, 1825, 1826 ph W. Lang 

1827, 1828, 1829, 1831, Samuel Leavitt; 1855, John Avery; 1856, W. c. Fox. From 1857 to i-;i (inclusive .Thomas 
Rost; IS -. I-;:. 1874, l'.. A. Morgan; 1875 to 1881, Alexander ll. Durgln; 1882, 1883, 1884, F. u Prlndall; 1886 
Joseph Lewando; 1886, i^>7, 1888, 1889, A. ll. Fowler. 

Charter Oak Lodge, No. 58, A. F. <)'• A. J7., Effingham. — [By Frank W. 
Barker.] The first steps toward the organization of a masonic lodge in 
Effingham were taken January 1, 1855, when a petition was presented to the 
Grand Master, asking for a dispensation to form a lodge to lie known as 
Charter Oak Lodge. This petition was signed by Cyrus K. Drake, Benjamin 
F.Taylor, John C. Leavitt, 2d, Thomas P. Drake, Silas M. Morse, Aligns us 
Colley, and Joseph P. Emerson. 

A dispensation was granted February 2, by I. G. Jordan, Grand Master. 
Cyrus K. Drake was named as Master, Joseph P. Emerson, Senior Warden 
John C. Leavitt, 2d, Junior Warden. The first meetings were held in the hall 
in the third story of Thomas P. Drake's store. 

The next session of the Grand Lodge granted a charter bearing date of 
June 13, 1855, to Cyrus K. Drake, John C. Leavitt, 2d. Thomas P. Drake, and 
Silas M. Morse, of Effingham, and Joseph P. Emerson, Bartlett Doe, and John 
Bailey, of Parsonsfield, Maine. 

They held their first meeting under the charter, June 23, and elected Cyrus 
k. Drake, Master, Joseph P. Emerson, Senior Warden, .John C. Leavitt. 2d, 
Junior Warden. 

The following were then elected as members of the lodge: Dr John Black- 
mar, Silas M. Morse, Jr, Josephus L. Drake, Levi Champion, Janus Walch, 
Archelaus Hayes, Seth C. Lane, John Leavitt, 2d, Lewis A. Leavitt, Otis 
Ruiuery, Nathan W. Titcomb, William Powell, Nathaniel Paul, David Wedg 
wood, Jonathan M. Bm lev, Charles G. Wilkinson, Morris 1). Rumery, Morris 
H. Leavitt, Daniel Wood, William L. Taylor, Henry A. F. Colcord, Alvah S. 
Libbey, and Joseph Wedgwood. 

Josephus L. Drake was elected secretary, Levi Champion, treasurer. Henry 
A. F. Colcord, representative to the Grand Lodge. John Blackmar and Silas 
M. Morse, standing committee. 

The master-elect then made the appointments of John Blackmar, Senior 

196 History of Carroll County. 

Deacon, Archelaus Hayes, Junior Deacon, Charles G. Wilkinson and Morris H. 
Leavitt, stewards ; John Leavitt, 2d, marshal, Henry A. F. Colcord, chaplain, 
Janus Walch, tyler. 

Thf Lodge was publicly constituted and the officers installed July 4 ; Most 
Worshipful 1. G. Jordan, Grand Master of Masons in New Hampshire, presid- 
ing. The ceremonies were held in the Baptist Church at Drake's Corner and 
in an adjoining grove. Carroll Lodge, of Freedom, and Freedom Lodge, of 
Limerick. Maine, were present and a large number of the members of other 
lodges, and also many people from the surrounding towns. An address was 
delivered by the Rev. Bro. J. Milton Coburn, of Manchester; subject, "Inde- 
pendence of Character the Ideal of a true Mason." After-dinner speeches 
were made by Grand Master Jordan, Rev. Bro. Elbridge Cox, of Freedom, 
Bro. F. R. Chase, of Conway, Bro. A. McArthur, of Limington, Maine, and 
Bro. Calvin Topliff, of Freedom. 

At a special communication held February 21, 1857, the lodge voted "To 
build a Masonic Building for a Masonic Hall and other purposes." This build- 
ing was erected the following year, and the hall dedicated with the usual cere- 
monies in August, 1859. 

Soon after the formation of this lodge Miss Ellen M. Stuart, daughter of 
the custodian of the historic Charter Oak at Hartford, Conn., presented it with 
a piece of that venerable tree, which is still preserved in the lodge-room. 

The original jurisdiction of this lodge included nearly all of the town of 
Ossipee, and until the organization of Ossipee Valley Lodge obtained consid- 
erable material from there. It also made masons of quite a number of persons 
resident in Cornish, Porter, and Parsonsfield, Maine. At the present its juris- 
diction consists of portions of Effingham, Ossipee, and Wakeheld. 

' A list of Masters : Frank W. Barker, 1873, 1874, 1878, 1879, 1880, 1881, 
1882, 1883; George P. Beal, 1876; John Blackmar, 1859; Jeremiah W. Dear- 
born, 1866, 1867, 1869; Alvah Doe, 1860, 1861, 1870; Alex. M. Drake, 1871, 
L872 ; (\ rus K. Drake, 1855, 1856,1857, 1858; Josephus L. Drake, 1864, 1865; 
Joseph P. Emerson, 1862, 1863; Milton C. Morse, 1885; Melvin H. Nutter, 
1887, 1888 ; C. Frank Uowe, 1884 ; L. Irving Rowe, 1889 ; Aldo M. Rumery, 
1875, 1876, 1877 ; David Wedgwood, 1868. 

District Deputy Grrand Masters : Cyrus K. Drake, John Blackmar, Jere- 
miah W. Dearborn, Frank W. Barker. 

Unity Lodge, No. G2, A. F. and A. M., of Union. — [By Charles W. Home.] 
On the ninth day of June, 1857, a.l. 5857, Charles C. Hayes, Alvah Runnells, 
Joseph Sharpe, (diver Seavey, Dr William B. Reynolds, James Tucker, Dr 
A. I). Merrow, and Hosea Runnells w T ere granted a charter by the "Most 
Worshipful Grand Lodge of the State of New Hampshire, constituting them," 
and w -such others as shall thereafter join them," a regular lodge of Free and 
Accepted Masons.' The first officers were James Tucker, Worshipful Master; 

Masonic ani> Otheb Organizath 

Charles ( '. Hayes, S. \\ r . ; Oliver Seavey, J. W. ; William B. Keynold 
fcary; Lewis Pluraer, treasurer ; Herbert F. Stevens, S. I >. : Alvali Runnel 
I).: Lewis Pluiner, chaplain; A. I). Merrow, S. s. : A.. J. Lord, J. S.; II 
Runnells, fcyler. Bro. James Tucker continued to fill the master's chair 

until May, L862, when Charles E. Swinerton was elected. II scupied that 

position for one year and was succeeded bv Herberl F. Stevens, who served 

two years. John U. Simes, of Milton Mills, was the uexl i der. He served 

one year and gave way to Hon. Asa M. Brackett, who served six years in 
succession. Now Herbert F. Stevens again takes the "gavel" for one year. 
( lharles A. Varney sen es three years and makes room for ( lharles ( '. I Ia\ es for 
two vears. Albert O.Robinson, Hiram O. Stevens, Frank B. Drew, Charles 
W. Home, and A. H. Chamberlain have each been master. 

This lodge, like most country lodges, has had its days of adversity as well 
as prosperity. In December, 1870, the building in which the lodge-room was 
Located was burned, and the lodge lost all its property excepl an organ, the 
records, and' the altar. There was no insurance, and but a few dollars in the 
treasury. The members at once called a meeting and began to plan for the 
future. They did not, as is too often the case under such circumstances, solicit 
aid from other lodges, but, like true masons, put their hands into their own 
pockets and. with a small sum loaned by one of the brethren, soon had a 
complete new outfit and a comfortable, well-arranged lodge-room. From that 
time the lodge has prospered financially, its only loss being from a deposit of 
two hundred dollars in the savings-bank at Wolfeborough. This lodge now has 
one of the best-equipped halls in the county and a fund of six hundred dollars. 
This lodge has been instituted nearly thirty-two years, yet all of its past 
masters arc living, and only two of the charter members have died. Dr William 
B. Reynolds and Joseph Sharpe. The membership is now one hundred and 
twenty-five. Bro. Bard B. Plumraer has held the office of secretary for seven- 
teen years, and Charles W. Home has filled more chairs than any other 
member, having held every office except secretary, treasurer, and marshal. 
Brothers Asa M. Brackett and Charles A. Varney have each served several 
terms as district deputy grand lecturer, and as district deputy grand master for 
this ( No. 6) district. 

Officers for 1889: Alexander H. Chamberlain, W. M. : J Frank Farnham, 
S. \\\: Frank H. Moore, J. W. : Fred. E. Stevens, treasurer; Bard B. 
Plumraer, secretary ; Daniel S. Burleigh, chaplain ; Jacob S. Adams, marshal; 
George W. Burleigh, S. D. ; Myron L. Johnson, J. 1 ). : Joseph L. Johnson, S. 
S. ; Samuel I). Jones, J. S. ; John F. Moore, tyler; Fred. F. Stevens, repre- 
sentative to the Grand Lodge: Charles W. Home. John F. Simes, -'. Frank 
Farnham, standing committee. 

Bro. Asa M. Brackett was born in Wakefield, December 1 I. L839. lie was 
a farmer in early life, has been thirteen years in the employ of the Eastern 

l'.is History of Carroll County. 

railroad as carpenter, and is now bookkeeper in the Portsmouth navy yard. 
He became a member of the lodge March 10, 1863, was master in 1868, and 
held the positiorj several years, reelected in 1878, and was in office four years 
more ; lecturer in 1868, and district deputy grand master in 1882, 1883, 1884. 
He represented Wakefield in the legislature in 1870-71. 

Carroll Lodge, No. 57, A. F. <f A. M., Freedom. — [By A. R. Bennett.] 
This was chartered August 18, 1853. its officers were Calvin Topliff, W. M.; 
Elias Towle, S. W. ; John M. Lord, J. W. ; Augustus D. Merrow, secretary ; 
Horace P. Wood, treasurer; Levi Clough, S. D. ; Cyrus Fowler, J. D. ; Taylor 
Lougee, tyler. The masters and terms of service from organization have been : 
Calvin Topliff, 1*53 to 1859 and 1861 to 1867; Cyrus Fowler, 1859 to 1861; 
.lulu, Parsons, 1867 to 1869; James Milliken, 1869 to 1872, 1877 to 1879, 1883 
to L884; Charles Parsons, 1872 to 1871; William J. Bennett, 1874 to 1877, 
1879 to 1881; Wentworth Tyler, 1881 to 1883; Charles H. Andrews, 1884 to 
1886; Almon R. Bennett, 1886 to 1889. The present officers are Almon R. 
Bennett, W. M.; George I. Philbrick, S. W. ; John E. Perkins, J. W. ; Stephen 
A. Stokes, S. I).; Ralph G. Foster, J. D. ; George F. Huckins, secretary; 
Elias I. Fowle, treasurer; Nathaniel Meserve, tyler; William W. Furbush, 

A comfortable hall for a lodge-room was completed and dedicated in June, 
1854. The lodge has made over two hundred masons, is well officered, is in 
hue working form, and a very prosperous condition financially and otherwise. 
Ii has endeavored to exercise the fraternal spirit of the order, and inculcate its 
tenets of friendship, morality, and brotherly love. It has been tried and fully 
tested ; but has ever become purer, and its principles have shone the brighter, 
and its infiuence been widened. It has justly merited and fully obtained the 
respect and goodwill of this locality. During the last few years a large num- 
ber of the best class of the young men in its jurisdiction have become members 
and at present constitute the greater part of the officers. I am pleased to 
report Carroll Lodge in a very prosperous condition. 

Re<l Mountain Lod<je, No. 68, A. F. $■ A. M., Sandwich Centre. — [By Dr 
S. B. Wiggin.] In 1859 Dr Tristram Sanborn and a few other Masons became 
interested in having a lodge established at Sandwich, and, on petition to the 
Grand Lodge of New Hampshire, received a dispensation under which they 
held (heir first meeting in Odd Fellows' Hall, Sandwich Centre, August 24 
of that year. There were present Dr Tristram Sanborn, W. M. ; Rev. J. P. 
Stinchfield, S. W., and Elijah Skinner, J. W. The other members were 
Aaron B. Hoyt, David Haines, and Drs Moses Ho}t and Thomas Shannon. 
September 28, the first work of the lodge occurred in bestowing the E. A. 
degree upon C. C. Fellows, M. H. Marston, and W. A. Heard. There being 
at this time a deficiency in working members of the new lodge, a dispensation 
was granted Morning Star Lodge, No. 17, to pass and raise Brothers C. C. 

Masonic ani> Otheb Organizations. 199 

Fellows, W. A. Heard, and M. II. Marston to the Sublime D M 

Mason at a special meeting held in Wolfeborough November 2, L859. Decem- 
ber 6 of tin- same year Brother Sanborn died, and the lull,, win- dispensation 
was received from the Grand Lodge: — 

To whom il may concern: Whereas on the twenty-sixth day of August, 1859, I granted :i 
Dispensation to certain Brothers at Sandwich, N. II., to form a new Lodge by the name ol 
Red Mountain Lodge, No. 68, in said town of Sandwich, and appointed Brother Trl 
Sanborn to be their ftrsl Master under said Dispensation, etc. : And u hereas, in the Providence 
of the S. G. M. of T. 1 ., our said Brother Tristram Sanborn has been removed from his 

Lodge by the hand of death : And whereas the brethren of said Lodge have petiti 1 the 

Grand Master to appoint as his successor Brother C. C. Fellows to fill the vacancy under the 
dispensation aforesaid ; Therefore be it known, that by the power in me vested, I do herebj 
appoint the said Brother C. C. Fellows to l>e their Master under the said I lispeusation until the 
annual meeting of our Grand Lodge in June next. Given under my hand and the seal <>i our 
Grand Lodge at Dover on the fourteenth day of December, a.i>. 1859, a.i.. 5859. Mosi - 
Paul. G. M. 

In December a dispensation was granted Blazing Star Lodge, No. 11. to 
pass and raise Druthers Daniel G. Beede and William M. Weed. E. A., of tins 
lodge, to the Sublime Degree of Master Mason, at a special communication 
held at Concord December 26,1859. In April, 1860, a code <>t' by-laws and 
rules of order were adopted. The lodge acted under its dispensation till June 
If.. L860, when it received its charter from the Grand Lodge. In addition t<> 
its original petitioners. Brothers C. C. Fellows. \Y. M. Weed, D. (i. Beede, Dr 
Eben Wilkinson, and W. A. Heard were charter members. The lodge was 
organized with C. C. Fellows, W. M. ; W. A. Heard, S. YV. : and I ). G. Beede, 
.1. \Y. Brother Fellows remained master four years, and subsequently tilled 
the chair at five different times. He was also Grand Pursuivant of the Grand 
Lodge from 1861 to 1863 inclusive, and District Deputy Grand Master in L86-J 
and 1st;."). From its charter till his death in April, 1888, Brother Fellows was 
closely identified with the affairs of the lodge and did more to promote its 
interests than any other member. He was a true mason in ever} sense of the 
word, and in his death the lodge met with an irreparable loss. In L864 Daniel 
G. Beede was elected Worshipful Master, and in lN6/>, 1S66, 1867, was succeeded 
by W. A. Heard, and he, in 1868, by C. C. Fellows. In 1868 the Lodge 
purchased the hall which it has occupied since that time. A tew years since 
a banquet-hall and kitchen were added. In 1869 Dr John Blackmer, who had 
previously been District Deputy Grand Master, joined this lodge and became 
its master and was again elected in 1870. Perhaps the lodge has never had a 
more polished worker than Brother Blackmer. In the death of Elijah Skinner, 
this year, the lodge lost its first charter member. In L871 Bro. W. A. Heard 
was again elected Worshipful Master. Up to this time Brother Fellows 
had made all the records of the lodge, though other members had been 

200 Hlstoky of Carroll County. 

secretaries, and probably so good a record with so legible penmanship is rarely 
found. The next master was James E. French, elected in 1872 and 1873. 
At this time the treasurer reports the lodge free from debt and a balance of 
$79 in the treasury. In 1874 Dr Blackmer was again chosen Worshipful Master, 
ami was succeeded in 1875 and 1876 by W. A. Heard. Brother Heard was 
.me of the besl masters of the lodge, always presiding with dignity and 
rendering the work in an accurate and impressive manner. Subsequently the 
masters were as follows: 1877, 1878, 1879, 1881, C. C. Fellows; 1880, A. P. 
Jaclarcl; 1882, S. 15. Wiggin ; 1883, 1884, Oilman Moultou ; 1885, 1880, 
Wilson I). George ; 1887, 1888, Edwin M. Heard. 

At the present Bro. Wilson D. George is the best posted in masonic 
work of any member of the lodge and delivers the lectures with a solemnity 
never equaled here. The officers of 1889 are Charles B. Hoyt, W. M. ; J. A. 
Smith, S. W. ; Dr E. W. Hodsdon, J. W. The present number of members is 
fifty; whole number made masons here, one hundred and seventeen; number 
who have joined from other lodges, ten. The lodge meets the Monday 
evening on or before the full moon, and the annual meeting, at which officers 
are elected, is the regular meeting in January. Red Mountain Lodge has 
resident members in Tarn worth, Moultonborough, and Centre Harbor, and 
dt hers who retain their connection with the parent lodge are scattered in 
different parts of the country. During our history there has been but one 
temporary suspension and no expulsion, thus showing not only that harmony 
and decorum have prevailed to a remarkable degree, but the marvelous strength 
of the " mystic tie." The masters have with fidelity impressed upon the 
members the gravity of their moral and masonic obligations, and their duty 
to the Supreme Ruler of the Universe. 

Members who have acquired more than merely local fame are Aaron B. 
Hoyt, Daniel G. Beede, and Alonzo S. Kimball, as educators; Hon. M. H. 
Marston, as member of governor's council; W. M. Weed, nineteen years clerk 
of supreme court and ten years representative to the legislature; Colonel E. Q. 
fellows, military officer; Hon. W. A. Heard, clerk of supreme court and 
national bank examiner; Hon. L. D. Mason, judge of probate; Dr Charles H. 
White, surgeon of very high standing in the United States navy, now occupying 
the position of inspector; Dr George N.French holds a responsible position 
in United Stfrtes treasury department; among other members who deserve 
special mention as having occupied positions of trust and honor are L. G. 
(lark, lion. .1. E. French, Colonel Oliver H. Marston, Hon. O. G. Hatch, G. W. 
Wiggin, Esq., G. L. Clark, and Paul Wentworth, Esq. 

Prom the Grand Lodge Report of 1887: — 

Red Mountain Lodge, No. OS, Centre Sandwich. I visited this Lodge at their regular 
communication in October. The day was fine and the drive delightful. My visit was a 

Masonic and Otheb Organizatio 201 

surprise to .-ill bul the Worshipful Master. The Lodge has nol had any work for two 
previous, bul the Master Mason degree was well rendered, and the lecture and en 

in a very impressive ma sr. Records are well kept, and finances in good shapi 

brethren were present from Centre Barbor, Meredith, and Ashland, i ig thnra i 

Worshipful Brother Thomas P. Cheney, of Ashland. After work a fine collation h 
and I wish to return my thanks for marked hospitality. 

W hi i am <'. Sinclair, Grand Lecturer, Sixth Masonic l» 

Ossipee Valley Lodge, No. ;.,'. A. /•'. a- .1. .1/.. Centn Ossipee.- - [Bj Henry 
\\ Abbott.] This lodge has an existence of a full quarter of a century, and it 
seems fitting to now record the chief facts of its history. It derived it> life 
from the following dispensation : — 

To whom ii may concern: Know ye thai 1, Jonathan Everett Sargent, Most Worshipful Gi ind M 
Free and Accepted Mason- in the State of New Hampshire, bj the power ana authority in me vested bj the 
Grand Constitution oi tin' Gi - and Lodge of the State aforesaid, ami upon the petition of a constitutional number 
or Master Masons, properlj \ ouched, and recommended as in good ami regular standing, setting forth thai the) 
arc desirous of forminga new Lodge, in the Count} of Carroll and 3tate aforesaid : ami whereas there appears 
tome to be good ana sufficient cause for granting the prayer of said petitioners, 

Now therefore by virtue of the power in me vested, as aforesaid, l do hereby grant thismj dlspensati 

authorizing and empowering Brother Dearborn I gee to act as W. M. : 15 rot her Humphrey Scammon in act as 

S.W.; ami Brother John W. Merrow to act as J. W. of a new Lodge of free and Accepted Masons, to be holden 
at -aid ( (ssipee, 10 he named ami designated a- "( tssipee Valley Lodge." 

And 1 do hereby further authorize and empower the above-named Brethren with the necessary assistance and 
constitutional members to form, open, and hold Lodges of Entered Apprentices, Fellow Craft, a 
ami therein to initiate (raft and liaise Candidate- to the sublime degree oi Master Mason, agreeable to the 
ancient landmark- oi the order ami i he Con -til hi ion of the < fraud Lodge of the State of Sew Hampshire and 
not otherwise. 

And thi- dispensation -hall remain and lie in force until the annual communication ol said (.rand I . 
June next, unless s< er revoked by me or by order of said Grand Lodge. 

In wiine-- whereo! I have hereunto set mj hand and caused the seal of the Grand Lodge to be affixed at 
Wentworth this 2Tth day of October a.i.. 5864, a.i>. 1864. 

. ~-~ J. Everett Sargent, ( frand Master. 

■ t !-■*■ \ Horai i. in \m.. Grand Seen 

The names of the original petitioners were: Sanborn B. Carter, John ('. 
Bickford, John P. Roberts, Edward I\ Hodsdon, Lewman G.Moulton, Frank K. 
Bobbs, Dearborn Lougee, Alvah Moulton, Humphrey Scammon, John W. Mer- 
row, Joseph Hodgdon, Charles L. Connor. Woodbury B. Sceggel. 

It will be tin' dun of -aid new Lodge, and they are hereby required, to return this dispensation, w ith c 

tran8Cript of all proceedings had under the authority of the same, together with an alt, '-ted copj of i; i 
law.-, to our (.rand Lodge at its annual communication in June next, tor examination, ami for such further 
action in tin- prem ill i"- deemed proper. 

.1. Kvkki i i S wa.KN r, Grand M 

This lodge was first located at Centre- Ossipee, most of the charter members 
hailing from Charter Oak Lodge. The lodge in its infancy received constanl 
visits from many of the members of other lodges, especially Charter Oak lodge, 
who rendered them every assistance in their power, giving them such instruc- 
tions from time to time as the case required. 

202 History of Carroll County. 

It appears by the records that the most frequent visitors were J. W. Dear- 
born, Josephus L. Drake, A. G. Barker, A. M. Drake, Cyrus K. Moor, S. M. 
Morse, Charles B. Gafney, Joseph Emerson, and James Gate. These, with 
others from the same Lodge, as well as from Carroll, made up a good company 
of workers who believed in working while the day lasts, and, judging from the 
amount of work they performed, their day must have lasted from sun to sun 
( from sunset until sunrise) and their supper in the morning was often a part of 
the programme. 

At a stated communication of December, 1864, Sanborn B. Carter and Rev. 
T. V. Haines were chosen to prepare a code of by-laws, which were accepted by 
the lodge. January 17, 1865, the application of George W. Tebbetts, m.d., a 
well-known and highly esteemed physician, was received, and also that of Levi 
F. Smith. They were the first to receive the degrees of masonry in the lodge. 
Thus the wheel had started and every revolution brought in applications. On 
the fourteenth of February, 1865, live candidates were elected for the E. A. 
decree. March 14. six candidates were balloted for and accepted, among them 
Nathaniel Grant, m.d. He received the E. A. degree, April 11, the degree of 
F. C. May 16, degree of M. M., August 8, 1865. Though the oldest person who 
is a member of the lodge, as well as one of the oldest citizens of the town, 
being 87 years of age. his familiar face is often seen in the lodge-room to wit- 
ness the work in the different degrees and to partake of such refreshment as 
may be prepared. 

At the April communication of 1865, the applications of four persons were 
received and placed on file ; three of them were rejected on ballot and so 
declared. May 30, 1865, Sanborn B. Carter was elected to represent the lodge 
in the Most Worshipful Grand Lodge, which was held in Concord the following 
month, to execute the order of the Most Worshipful Grand Master, as specified 
in the dispensation previously granted. He did so, and the lodge received its 
charter, dated June 11, a.d. 1865. 

The next three principal officers of the lodge were John W. Merrow, W. M., 
Joseph Hodgdon, S. W., and Edward P. Hodsdon, J. W. During the hot 
months of July and August no meetings were held. This was frequently the 
custom, to resume work in the fall with renewed vigor. In November, voted to 
pay a member $30 for an installation supper furnished; also, voted to have one 
hundred copies of by-laws printed. 

January 2, 1866, agreeable to the by-laws, the lodge elected officers. At 
the installation of these officers, fourteen members from Charter Oak and 
several from other lodges were present. Edward P. Hodsdon was installed 
master, and served as such during 1866 and 1867, doing a large amount of 
work on the different degrees, many special meetings being necessary to 
confer the degrees upon the applicants who were accepted. 

In 1*67 the lodge received the first application of a clergyman for the 

Masonic and Otheb Organizations. 

degrees of masonry. It was referred to a committee for investigation. He 

was rejected on ballot. 

At the election of officers in 1868 John ('. Bickford waselected master. The 
lodge enjoyed an unusual degree of prosperity during this year until October 
8, when a proclamation was issued by J. W. Dearborn, I). I). <i. M.. for- 
bidding them to confer any degrees until matters had been adjusted, the Lodge 
having admitted a candidate who resided beyond the bounds of its jurisdiction, 
and who had previously been rejected by another lodge. Ou November 3 an 
order was received from A. M. Winn, Grand Master of New Hampshire, to 
notify all members to be present at the stated communication the following 
month to transact business pertaining to the interest of the lodge. Accordingly 
they met as requested on the first day of December. Grand Master Winn 
being present took the chair, and organized a grand lodge for the adjustment of 
difficulties between this and other lodges ; and after a due examination of the 
facts presented him, and after admonishing the lodge as to its future course, 
declared it in working order, and directed the W. M. to resume charge. 

January 5, 1809, at a regular meeting appropriate resolutions on the death 
of a charter member, Alvah Moulton, m.d., were read and accepted. On the 
first day of June, 1869, a special meeting was held to take action in regard to 
moving the lodge, and after some discussion it was voted to move to Wesl 
Ossipee ; for reasons which do not appear on record the lodge was never moved. 
October 9 the lodge voted to procure a hall at Moultonville, a distance of about 
one mile away, which was done, said hall being over the store formerly owned 
by L. D. Moulton, now deceased, who was a member of the order. 

May 17, 1870, John C. Bickford was reelected master, and served until 

L873. Since the institution of the lodge up to this time it had had a g 1 

amount of work, but during this year there was only a small amount don.-. 
The meetings were regularly held, yet only a small number were in attendance. 
During 1*71 it was evident that the lodge was struggling for an existence 
against a strong wave of adversity. A few members regularly me1 until Sep- 
tember, when their meetings ceased, and until February 18, L873, none were 
held. Notwithstanding tins sad state of affairs, there remained a little spark 
of love tor the order burning bright in the breasts of some of the members of 
this once flourishing lodge, and they, desiring to revive it. application was 
made by John C. Bickford to Nathaniel W. Cumner, Grand Master, when the 
following dispensation was granted : — 

i (face of Grand (faster of Ancient Free and Accepted Masons in the State of New Hampshire, 

M \\, in -i i k, v i!.. Jan. 81, l-7:i. 
Whereas, application has been made to me by Worshipful Brother J. C. Bickford for Ossipee \ 
Lodge, No. 74, for permission to elect officers: Therefore know ye thai [, N. W. I umner, Graml Master a 
and Accepted Masons of New Hampshire, grant this my dispensation thai Ossipee Valley Lodge, No. 74, may 
elect their officers agreeable to the usage and custom of the Crafl on the eleventh daj of February; due and 
timely notice of the o i , j i • i • i of the aforesaid meeting having been given. 

Given under my hand this thirty -first da} oi January, k.L. 5873, i.d. 1^7;. 

N mil \\ . i i mm i:. Grand Master. 

204 History of Carroll County. 

Agreeable to the foregoing dispensation a meeting was held and Hiram 
Pray was elected master, and until this day he is called by many of the 
members •• Master Hiram," and the inclemency of the weather does not prevent 
••.Master Hiram" from putting in an appearance at every meeting, being 
usually the first to arrive. 

At the lirst regular meeting after its revival the lodge received five appli- 
cations for the degrees. All the candidates were accepted at a subsequent 
meeting, when two more applications were received: Rev. Joseph P. Frye, 
pastor of the church at Moultonville, and Oliff C. Moulton, a son of one of 
the charter members, a promising young lawyer at Ossipee. During this year 
the Lodge seemed to enjoy an unusual degree of prosperity. February 17, 
L874, the lodge publicly installed its officers. Hiram Pray was again installed 
master', lie having been previously elected. During this year only a few were 
added to the members, while several took demits, having moved from within 
the jurisdiction of this lodge. 

February 1, 1875, a funeral-lodge was held at the court-house at Ossipee 
for the burial of Oliff C. Moulton. There were present forty-two members of 
the order. After the usual masonic ceremonies appropriate resolutions were 
adopted, to be spread upon the records of the lodge. February, 1876, the 
newly elected officers were installed by P. M. Charles Parsons, of Carroll 
Lodge, Daniel Abbott being master-elect. At the next regular meeting the 
application of Rev. William C. Bartlett was received, who subsequently 
received the three degrees of ancient craft masonry, and is still a member 
of the lodge. 

Notwithstanding the amount of work that had been done, the lodge was 
in a poor condition financially, having only a small amount in the treasury. 
The rent of the hall that it occupied was more than it could afford to pay. 
During this period of financial embarrassment it was voted to accept the 
proposition of John W. Merrow to finish a hall in the attic of his store, 
the rent of which was to be ten dollars per year, the lodge to fit the hall for 
its occupation. This was not a suitable place for a masonic hall and really 
was a disgrace to the institution of Freemasonry, notwithstanding that it 
was the best that could be done under the circumstances. The lodge had to 
borrow nearly as much money as was in the treasury to finish the attic for its 
home. But the members resolved that the lodge should not go down, and, 
prompted by that zeal which characterizes the hearts of every true member 
of the order, they pushed forward, laboring under the great disadvantages 
with which they had to contend and preserved the life of the lodge, constantly 
desiring that further light might be given them to guide them in the path of 
progress and prosperity. 

Daniel Abbott was reelected master in 1877, 1878, and 1870. In 1878 the 
treasurer reported the lodge free from debt with the exception of a note of 

Masonic and ( > in 1:1: ORGANIZATIi 

twenty-five dollars due a member. On the same evening that their unfl 
big financial condition was presented, an application was received and j 
on file. Notwithstanding thai the} were in debt, he was rejected at the 
meeting, he not being considered a suitable person to receive the d< 
of masonry. Thus acting true to their masonic principles, the members then 
as they ever have since, kept their doors guarded against the admission of 
all questionable characters. 

From June, 1878, u> January, 1879, no meetings were held, as eral 

previous meetings there were barely enough present to constitul ility. 

From January until May, 1879, meetings were held, with a small number, 
however, often no more than four or five members being present. They thru 
adjourned, and no more meetings were held until December. 

February, L880, Frank W. Heath was installed master. The lodge now 
seemed to enjoy a better degree of prosperity than during the two previous 
years, having conferred the degrees upon several candidates, among the num- 
ber Rev. Charles W. Dealtry, pastor of the Freewill Baptist church at Water 
Village. At a public installation of officers, January I'ti. lss|. diaries L. 
Connor was installed master. During this year the following were elected to 
receive the degrees: J. H. Connor. Sewall W. and Henry F. Abbott, and 
Inglis L. Pineo. 

January. 1882, Charles A. White was elected master. The officers were 
publicly installed in the presence of a large company to witness the ceremo- 
nies. This was a prosperous year for Ossipee Valley Lodge. The total 
receipts were #241. Among the number admitted this year was Pearse 
Hawkey, of English origin. When a certain member jokingly told him he 
would "back down"' during the conferring of the third degree, he made 
answer, "Perhaps you don't know who I am. I will tell you; I am Johnny 
Bull, and am not to he backed <h>u',i by any one I see around me." lie was 
gently reminded that Johnny Bull was once hacked down upon the Ameri- 
can continent, and he had better not he t sonfident. However, he was 

willing to bet the cigars, which he willingly paid after the degree was conferred 
and the lodge closed. Brother Hawkey was a highly esteemed member, ami 
tilled the office of secretary faithfully until his death three years later. 

Daniel Abbott was elected master for L883. During his term of office 
several special meetings were held to do the work required. Total receipts for 
the year, $236.50. Henry F. Abbott was elected and served .is master during 

! the years of 1884 and 1885. During his term of office the same interest was 
manifested that had existed the two previous years, especially in the ritualistic 
work, each officer doing his utmost to render it correctly and in an impressive 
manner. A goodly number of members were present regularly at the meetings. 
New regalias had been procured. Total receipts tor L884 were #245.10, which, 
added to what was already in the treasury, placed the Lodge in easy circum- 

•jim; History of Carroll County. 

stances. All the disadvantage under which they now labored was the size of 
their hall : it qoI being large enough to accommodate the members attending, 
something had to be done. Accordingly a meeting was held March 3, 1885, to 
take action in regard to procuring a different lodge-room, and fitting it up suit- 
ably. After some discussion a motion was carried by a two-thirds vote in favor 
of moving to Centre Ossipee to occupy the hall where the lodge was first insti- 
tuted. Accordingly the lodge was moved thither, permission having been 
granted by -John Francis Webster, Grand Master. 

Perfect harmony does not always exist in any society, though harmony in 
masonry is a submission to the will of the majority. The receipts for the year 
were $99.50. Thus the treasury afforded ample means to fit 'and furnish 
a Lodge-room in a neat and tasty manner, which was done, leaving a goodly 
amount in the treasury with which to relieve a sick and distressed worthy 
I not her should occasion require. 

January 5, 1886, a funeral-lodge was held at Moultonville, to perform 
the last sad duties of respect over the remains of Pearse Hawkey, secretary of 
the lodge, a highly esteemed member, whose many virtues will long be cher- 
ished in the hearts of the brethren. A committee was chosen to accompany 
his remains to Salem, Mass., for interment. 

At the annual communication of 1886 Willie C. Sinclair was elected 
master; he was reelected in 1887 and filled the office with credit to himself and 
honor to the craft. He was appointed district deputy grand lecturer by 
Grand Master Burleigh in 1886 and 1887, and district deputy grand master 
in 1888 and 1889. In June, 1886, the lodge sustained the loss of a good mem- 
ber and a highly esteemed citizen, John W. Folsom, after a long and severe 
sickness. He was laid to rest by the hands of the brethren, after which appro- 
priate resolutions were adopted and spread upon the records. 

At a stated communication, August, 1886, the lodge-room was well filled to 
witness the work in the Master Mason's degree. Twenty-five visiting members 
from Morning Star and four from Charter Oak lodges being present. After 
the lodge was closed a bountiful supper was served, when the visiting brethren 
repaired to their homes, no doubt arriving there in season for an early 

June 24, 1887, John W. Merrow, a charter member and first junior warden 
of the lodge, having received the final summons from the Supreme Grand 
Master of the Universe, the lodge was again called to mourn the loss of a 
worthy member, whose remains were deposited in their last resting-place by the 
members of the fraternity who, in token of their brotherly love, caused the 
charter and lights to be draped in mourning for thirty days. George L. Cate 
was elected and served as master during the year 1888. The usual harmony 
prevailed and it proved to be a prosperous year, although during the year the 
lodge was twice alarmed by the Grim Tyler and two members were called from 

Masonic \m> Otheb Organizations. 

its circle: Lewman G. Moulton, a charter member, and one who alwa 

tested a deep interest in the welfare of the lodge and mas y, and who put 

forth his best endeavors to promote its prosperit} during the da 
through which it was called to pass; also. Orlando L. White, a merchanl 
at Centreville, and a highly esteemed citizen of the town, a true and faithful 
brol her. 

Many other members have been called over the dark river, we trust to i 
in peace on the other shore. Among them was Sanborn B. Carter, who was 
buried with masonic honors .Inly 11, 1881. 

The three principal officers now arc (uglis L. Pineo, W. M.; George L. 

Young, S. W. ; George ( >. Bean, J. W. Their ability cai i be questioned, 

and with the other officers they manifest a deep interest in the working of the 
lodge and the preservation of the old landmarks of masonry. 

Mi Washington Lodge, .1. /•'. ,\- A.M., No. 87. North Conway.— [By W. A. 
Fergusson.] The early records are complete. Bro. J. M. Gibson, the secre- 
tary, with thoughtful care remembering that in the years to come the circum- 
stances attendant on the organization and full establishment of the lodge would 
be of great interest, has spread them upon the records in clear-cut penmanship 
like engraver's text. From them we extract: — 

The subject of organizing a masonic lodge in North Conway having been 
discussed on several occasions hy master masons residing in this town, it was 
deemed advisable that a meeting should take place at which the matter could 
be more fully considered. Agreeably to appointment a number of brethren as- 
sembled in the orifice of the Washington House mi the evening of the twenty- 
fourth of November, 1868, where they were welcomed and accommodated by 
Bro. .lames M. Gibson, then an "entered apprentice." There were present 
at this meeting the following brethren of the Masonic Fraternity: Brothers 
William C. Eastman, Augustus Eastman, J. Cummings Eastman. Edwin < . 
Stokes, Haskett D. Eastman, John C. Davis, Nathaniel Faxon, Allien Barnes, 
master masons of Carroll lodge, No. 57 : Rev. T. B. Newby, chaplain of 
Adelphic lodge, No. 848, New York City: Brother -lames M.Gibson, entered 
apprentice of Carroll lodge. 

On motion Bro. William C.Eastman took the chair, and Brother Newby 
acted as secretary. On motion it was 

Resolrrd. that iii the opinion of this meeting we ought to proceed to obtain a dispensation 
tu enable us to work in accordance with the principles of our order, from the Grand Lodge "I 
the state of New Hampshire. 

Previous to the passage of the above resolution, it was stated by some ot 
the members of Carroll lodge that the distance to that lodge being about 
twenty-two miles it was practically impossible for them to enjoy any of the 

•jus History of Carroll County. 

privileges of masonry, and they considered the formation of a lodge in Con- 
wax to be desirable and necessary. An informal ballot for officers of the new 
Lodge (supposing one should be established) was then taken, electing Nathaniel 
Faxon, W. M. ; T. B. Newby, S. W. ; William C. Eastman, J. W. ; Augustus 
Eastman, secretary, treasurer, and S. D. ; Edwin C. Stokes, J. D. ; J. C. 
Eastman, lyler. 

The question of naming the lodge was then brought up. Bro. William 
('. Eastman suggested "Pequawket," but this was not adopted, and Brother 
Newby proposed "Mount Washington," giving these reasons for its acceptance: 

First, Ml Washington, one of the greatest natural curiosities of the world, second to only 
one mountain this side the Rocky Mountains in height, is in full view of our town, and is vis- 
ited annually by thousands from all parts of our country and Europe, has formed an object of 
interest to poets and artists for many years, and is intimately connected with most interesting 
events in the private history of most of us. It is an object of which the people of Conway 
feel justly proud. As it has honored us, let us accordingly honor it. Secondly, I find upon 
investigation that General George Washington, America's noblest patriot, was made a mason 
in lodge No. 227 of the registry of the Grand Lodge of Ireland, which was held in the distin- 
guished Forty-sixth British regiment while on duty in this country. For these reasons then, 
brethren, and in order that we may jointly honor one of Nature's fairest works and one of 
her noblest sons, I move that the lodge to be established in North Conway be called Mt 
Washington lodge. 

The reasons were deemed satisfactory by the meeting and the name unani- 
mously chosen. The lecture on the E. A. degree was rehearsed, and the meet- 
ing adjourned. A dispensation was soon granted in accordance with the 
request of the brethren as to name and officers with lodge-number 87. The 
first regular communication of Mt Washington lodge of Free and Accepted 
Masons, acting under a dispensation properly granted, was held at the Wash- 
ington House, North Conway, on Wednesday, January 27, a.l. 5869. 
| Arrangements had been made to hold the meetings during the winter at this 
hotel.] There were present Nathaniel Faxon, W. M. ; George H. Willard, S. 
W. { I'm dill.): William C. Eastman, J. W. ; brothers Augustus Eastman, 
Edwin ('. Stokes, Bennett P. Strout, J. M. Gibson, Albert Barnes, J. C. East- 
man. The minor officers were elected, namely, J. M. Gibson, secretary; B. P. 
Strout. treasurer; Augustus Eastman, S. D. ; E. C. Stokes, J. D. ; Albert 
Barnes, steward: George W. Barbour, chaplain; J. C. Eastman, tyler. 

Work was ready for the new organization, seven applications for member- 
ship coming in at this meeting. The lodge voted to purchase twelve collars, 
twelve jewels, a sash, square and compasses, and a copy of Mackey's Masonic 
Jurisprudence. The " quarterages " were established at one dollar annually, 
this year in advance. Thirty-five dollars was received at this meeting with the 
petitions of the applicants for membership. 

The lodge is now an entity, starting off in, it is hoped, a long and useful 
existence, in good spirits, " harmony," and with money in its treasury. 

Masonic and Other I h 

At a stated comraunicatioE held Februarj 24, LKt>0, \ 
Loammi B. Dame, George I'. Boston, James T. Randall, Ezni I;. I 
Samuel D.Thompson were elected as candidates. The lodge voti 
three charts sent bj Brother Newbj for the use of tin D 

dexter made application for membership. Ma\ 19, 18GU, n le 
Hall as a place of meeting was received ami accepted. -Inly 21, lift) eopii 
the by-laws were ordered to be printed. About this time a charter of the 
was obtained, as at this meeting measures were taken to pay the expi 
the delegates " who obtained the charter." Rev. Thomas B. \ewh\ tcndei 
resignation as Senior Warden October 20, as he was about removing from tin; 
state. He had been of valuable service in forming and establishing 
workings of the lodge, and was voted the thanks of the lodge for the efficient 
manner in which he had done his duties. 

The lodge was consecrated and officers installed, for the first time, I ►ecembcr 
16, I860, the ceremonies being conducted by J. W. Dearborn, l>. I>. <.. M ; \. 
Doc. D. G. M.; A. M. Drake. G. S. W. ; F. \V. Barker, G. J. W. ; A. M. 
Rumery, G. T. ; J. L. Drake, (i. S. ; C. K. Moore, (i. ('.: J. P. Emerson, <.. M. 
The incoming officers were \ T . Faxon, W . M. ; William C. Eastman, S. W. ; 
Arthur L. Meserve, J. W. ; Isaac E. Merrill, treasurer; J. M. Gibson, secretary; 
Augustus Eastman, S. D. : E. C. Stokes, J. D. ; S. I). Thompson, marshal; 
Bennett P. Strout, chaplain; Albert Barnes, E. \l. Eastman, stewards: J. < . 
Eastman, tyler. 

Death first visited the lodge January 30, l s 7<i. when Dr Loammi I'>. Dame, 
of Bartlett, one of the first masons made in the lodge, was called to the 
above. The record says : — 

A special meeting was called February 2, 1870, for the purpose of attending the funeral ><\ 
our worthy and well-beloved brother Loammi B. Dame Alter the usual ceremonies al the 
Lodge-room, the brethren formed into procession and escorted the remains to the ' "n_ 
tional church, and from thence to the cemetery where the masonic burial services were 
performed according to the ancient usages of the craft. A goodly number of brethren were 
present from Pythagorean lodge, Fryeburg. 

March 16, 1870, one of those pleasant incidents occurred on which memory 
loves to linger. Again from the records: A beautiful copy of the Holy Bible 
was presented to this lodge this evening accompanied by this lett< 

Worshipful Master, officers, and members of Mi Washington lodge ol Freein 
Please accept from us this Bible ■■!- a slight token of <>ur regard. Value it as a gift from ili"-< 
who have a just regard for your cause, ami whose best wishes you will always have. Tin 
denied admission within the secret portal- of Masonry, we have no desire for the knov l< 
oi your mystic band, and as long as we are assured that you acknowledge God as lh< 

Master of us all, and accept this Bible as your guide, we will do! question tl 

debars us from participation in your meetings. May yon be faithful to tl 

210 History of Carroll County. 

thai when summoned from earth (as has recently been one of your number) you may meet 
the approval of Bira in whose presence is fullness of joy and at whose right hand there are 
pleasures forevermore. Mrs .'. Cummings Eastman, Mrs J. M. Gibson, Mrs William C. 

Eastman, Mrs S. D. Th pson, Mrs Moses Chandler, Mrs J. T. Randall, Mrs M. A. Dame, 

.Mrs !•:. C. Stokes, Mrs I. E. Merrill, Mrs Albert Barnes, Mrs E. E, Eastman, Mrs I. M. 
Chase, Mrs Sumner •'. Eastman. 

( )n motion it was voted to copy the above letter into the records of this 
Lodffe, and Bro. A. L. Meserve was directed to express the thanks of the 
Lodsre in a suitable letter to be sent to the donors of the Bible. 

January 24. 1872, George F. Boston was elected representative to the 
Grand Lodge. February 21, it was voted to procure two dozen aprons for the 
use of the lodge. April 4, at a special meeting, a committee was appointed to 
ascertain the cost of land for a site of a masonic building, and the cost of 
erecting one. April 17, a- building committee was appointed consisting of Dr 
William H. Bragdon, Augustus Eastman, George F. Boston, Albert Barnes, 
Hiram II. Dow, A. L. Meserve. Resolutions regretting the sudden death of 
Isaac E. Merrill on March 21, 1872, are spread upon the records. He was one 
of the liist four to be made a mason here, and one of the first two "raised." 
He succeeded Dr Dame as treasurer, and was a valued member. 

Members "raised'' in 1860: Loammi B. Dame, Isaac E. Merrill, Samuel D. 
Thompson, George F. Boston, James T. Randall, Ezra R. Eastman, Mahlon L. 
Mason. Arthur L. Meserve, Moses Chandler, Angevine Pitman: in 1870: 
Daniel E. Pendexter, Isaac J. Hill, Sumner C. Eastman. Isaac M. Chase, 
George G. Lucy, Orren Seavey, Hiram H. Dow, Frank George, G. W. Me- 
serve, Chase B. Perkins, George Pinkham. No clear records are shown from 
this last record until February 17, 1875, when the officers for the year appear 
to he George F. Boston, W. M. ; W. C. Eastman, S. W. ; Lycurgus Pitman, 
J. W. ; Gideon H. Allen, treasurer; Jonathan C. Ela, secretary; Joseph F. 
Dinsmore, S. D. ; Frank M. Black, J. D. ; James G. Martin, tyler. Quite 
an interest seems to prevail in favor of masonry, and much and pleasant 
labor goes on in the lodge-room. March 17, Gideon H. Allen and William H. 
Bragdon were chosen to revise the by-laws. October 13, Bro. Albert O. 
Phillips. District Deputy Grand Master, being present, exemplified the work, 
and instructed the lodge as to the "ancient landmarks." November 10, Bro. 
G. F. Boston was chosen to confer with committees of Odd Fellows and Sons 
of Temperance lodges concerning the purchase of an organ. 

1876, January 5, officers elected for ensuing year: George F. Boston, 
W. M.: .Joseph F. Dinsmore, S. W. ; James G. Martin, J. W. ; Moses Chand- 
ler, treasurer; Hiram II. Dow, secretary; William H. Bragdon, representa- 
tive to the Grand Lodge; G.F.Boston, J. C. Ela, S. D. Thompson, H. II. 
Dow. Moses (handler, trustees. January 19, public installation of officers. 
L877, January 1, the members number eighty-five. January 24, officers 

Masonic and Otheb Organizations. _'ii 

elected: Lycurgus Pitman, W. M. ; Joseph F. Dinsmore, S. \V.: Uberl 
Barnes, J. W.; George F. Boston, treasurer; Hiram II. Do 
William II. Bragdon and Nathan Whitaker, standing committee; S. D. 
Thompson, representative to the Grand Lodge; S. D. Thompson, G. I. I '. 
ton, II. II. Dow, James M. Gibson, and Lycurgus Pitman, trustees. Brothers 
Dinsmore and Barnes declining to serve, May 23, Ezra R. Eastman was elei ted 
Senior Warden and Samuel D. Thompson Junior Warden. 

L878, January 1, eighty-five members arc reported. Januarj L6, offii 
elected: Lycurgus Pitman, W. M.; William II. Bragdon, S. W.; Henn 
Hedstrom, -I. W.: George F. Boston, treasurer; Hiram II. Dow, Becretar) ; 
John C. L. Wood, representative to Grand Lodge: .lames M.Gibson, Hiram 
H. Dow, Lycurgus Pitman, George F. Boston, John ('. L. Wood, trustees. 
February »i, installation of officers by Right Worshipful District Deputy 
Grand Master II. A. Hayes. October 9, the lodge voted to allow Bro. 
Ernest H. Owen to conclude his degrees of masonry at Amherst, N. II. 

187!'. Januarj r 1, lodge now has ninety-nine members, and is in flourishing 
condition. This year the three degrees have been conferred on Brothers 
Augustus Bowie, William Pitman, Daniel Mason, Elvin II. Washburn, Mel- 
ville C. Sturgis, Edwin C. Thompson, Marshall C. Wentworth, George R. 
Carson, Lyman II. Charles, .Joseph II. Pitman, E. B. Packard, G. B. Trickey, 
Charles .1. Poole. January 8, officers elected: Lycurgus Pitman, W. M.: 
Ephraim E. Hodgdon, S. W. ; Marshall C. Wentworth. .1. W. : Levi .1. 
Ricker, treasurer; Charles J. Poole, secretary; Augustus Eastman, repre- 
sentative to Grand Lodge: Lycurgus Pitman. .John C. L. Wood, Levi .1. 
Ricker, Charles J. Poole, Hiram II. Dow, trustees. January ■"' , ». officers 
installed by Right Worshipful District Deputy Grand Master ('.A. Varney. 
The year commences, with a good amount of work, prosperously. April -. 
a communication was received from Carroll Lodge, of Freedom, giving permis- 
sion to Mt Washington Lodge to confer degrees upon Bro. George W. M. 
Pitman. April 30, something unparalleled in the history of masonry in the 
world occurred at this communication. The degree of Master Mason was 
conferred upon Bro. George W. M. Pitman by his son. Lycurgus, assisted 
hy four other sons and one son-in-law; the names and stations were these: 
Lycurgus, W. M. ; Joseph H., S. I). ; William, S. A. ; Winthrop M. and Ange- 
vine as F. C.'s; George R. (arson, .1. D. 

January lo, 1<sso, shows one hundred and ten members. February 5, 
officers installed by Kev. D. D. G. M. Charles A. Varnev as follows: Ephraim 
E. Hodgdon, W. M.: Marshall C. Wentworth, S. W. : Joseph II. Pitman, 
.). W.; Levi .I. Picker, treasurer; George R. (arson, secretary; James D. 
Martin, S. D. ; Alfred Eastman. J. I).: Jonathan Gale, chaplain: Augustus 
Howie, marshal : .John W. Babb, S. S. : .lames L. Gibson, J. S. 

October 14, this resolution among other- was passed by the Lodge : 

212 History of Carroll County. 

hal in the death of Angevine Pitman this Lodge laments the loss of a brother 
ever ready to proffer the hand of aid and the voice of sympathy to the needy and distressed 
<>l the Fraternity; an active, though quiet, member of this lodge, whose utmost endeavors 
were exerted for the welfare and prosperity of the brotherhood, and who was a friend and 
companion esteemed by us all. 

1881, January 13. Sickness must be prevailing in the community, as the 
Worshipful Master appoints as "sick committee," brothers J. W. Babb, W. E. 

('has,'. W. S. Carter, E. A. Stevens, C. E. Gale. Officers elected: E. E. 
Hodgdon, W. M.: J. II. Pitman. S. W. : Alfred Eastman, J. W. ; L. J. Ricker, 
treasurer; J. L. Gibson, secretary; M. C. Wentworth, representative to the 
Grand Lodge. January 17. This communication was called for the purpose of 
attending the funeral of Bro. John C. Davis. January 23. This commu- 
nication was called for the purpose of attending the funeral of Bro. F. W. 
Grover. 1882, .January 12. Public installation and ball. The by-laws were 
changed in April. In 1883 a public installation of officers occurred. Novem- 
ber 10, 1886. A Kranich & Bach piano was presented to the lodge by the 
ladies of North Conway and vicinity; the committee of presentation being 
Mrs L. W. Brock, Mrs A. C. Bragdon, Mrs H. K. Dinsmore, Mrs L. J. 
Pitman, Mrs J. L. Gibson. September 29, 1887, the thanks of the lodge 
were voted to Saco Valley Lodge, I. O. O. P., for their generous offer of the 
free use of their lodge-room to hold meetings in until the completion of the 
Masonic Hall. November 17, Masonic Hall was dedicated. This was the old 
building made fifteen feet longer, fitted up with a lodge-room in the third story, 
and covered with a mansard roof. 1888, Public installation January 24. 
Bro. Lycurgus Pitman, acting as District Deputy Grand Master, George F. 
Boston, as Grand Marshal. April 6, a beautiful bookmark for the new Bible 
of the lodge was presented by Miss Minnie E. Pitman. In May, Bro. 
Lycurgus Pitman receives the appointment of District Deputy Grand Lecturer 
for the Sixth Masonic District of the State. September 20, the lodge voted 
to send $25 for aid of brethren in Jacksonville, Florida (yellow fever epidemic). 
Public installation of officers, December 25. 1880, June 6, Centennial year of 
Masonry in the United States, celebrated by a public installation and supper. 
The h.dgc is a ha rnionioiis and flourishing one; the interior of the lodge is 
arranged in artistic manner, and presents the appearance of a dream of beauty. 
Cultured taste is shown everywhere. The officers for 1889 are James L. 
Gibson, \V. M. (fifth year); George F. Wolcott, S. W. ; Horace W. Harmon, 
.I.W.: Alfred Eastman, treasurer ; William C.Eastman, secretary; Augustus 
Eastman, S. D. ; Charles W. Nute, J. D. ; Ezra R. Eastman, F.W.Russell, 
stewards: Charles II. Whitaker, chaplain; Joseph H. Pitman, marshal; 
George W. Gordon, tyler ; David G. Dolloff, representative to the Grand 
The membership is one hundred and twenty. The following have 
been Worshipful Masters: Nathaniel Faxon, two years ; Augustus Eastman, two 

Masonic ani> < )i n 1 : i : ( )i:i, \nixati. 

vcars; William C. Eastman, one year ; George F. Boston, two I 

Pitman, three years ; Ephraira E. Hodgdon, two years ; William II. I: 
one year: James L. Gibson, five years. 

Ofpicbbs Of 'nil-. Grand Lodge furnished bi Carroll County. 

Through the kindness of George P. Cleaves, Grand Secretary, we are enabled 
togive'the following list: Ezekiel Wentworth, Ossipee, Grand Steward, L82G 
to L 829, inclusive. Cyrus K. Drake, Effingham, District Deputj Grand Master, 
L856, l^.'.T, 1862, 1st;:;. Christopher C. Fellows, Sandwich, Grand Pursuivant, 
L862, L863; District Deputy Grand Master, 1864, 1865. Jeremiah W. Dearborn, 
M.D., EfiBngham, Grand Lecturer, 1864, 1865, 1866, 1867; District Deputy 
Grand Master, 1868, 1869, 1870, 1871. John Blackmer, M.D., Sandwich, 
District Deputy Grand .Master. L866, L867. Asa M. Brackett, Wakefield, 
Grand Lecturer, 1868; District Deputy Grand Master. L882, L883, L884. 
Henry R. Parker, Wolfeborough, Grand Lecturer, 1869, 1870, 1871. Rev. 
Thomas B. Newby, Conway, Grand Chaplain, 1 stilt. Charles A. Varney, 
Union, District Deputy Grand Master, 1877, 1878, 1879, 1880, L881. Ge 
F. Horn, Wolfeborough, Grand Lecturer, 1882, 1888, 1884; District Deputy 
Grand Master, 1885. Frank (Francisco) W. Barker, Effingham, Grand Le 
tuicr. L885, District Deputy Grand Master. L886, 1887. William ('.Sinclair. 
Ossipee, Grand Lecturer, 1886, 1887: District Deputy Grand Master, l v ^^. 
Lycurgus Pitman, North Conway. Grand Lecturer. 


This Fraternity lias for many years existed in Carroll county, and carried 
on a most beneficent work within its borders. It is deemed fitting to here 
preserve in perpetuity the short records some of the brothers have compiled, 
that in after years those who laid the foundation-stones shall not be forgotten 
in the noble edifice they have helped to erect. 

Saco Valley Lodge, No. 01, 1. 0. 0. F., North Conway, was instituted April 
19, 1848, at Conway Corner, by Grand Representative Timothy G. Senter, for 
Grand Master, George W. Towle, with these charter members: Francis R. 
Chase. Samuel W. L. Chase, Charles C. Cloutman, Henry E. Fast man. Gideon 
R.Hart, Elijah Stanton. Brothers F. R. Chase and Cloutman were initiated in 
Winnipiseogee Lodge, No. 7, Laconia, in April and September, 1845; Eastman 
in Motolinia Lod-e. No. L8, Rochester, May I. L846. Brothers I'- R. Chase, 
Eastman, and Stanton passed the chairs, and Brother Chase was admitted to 
the Grand Lodge in 1849, the only one of the charter members ever admitted 

jl i History of Carroll County. 

to thai body. In 1849 he was elected Grand Warden, in 1850 Grand Repre- 
sentative to the Sovereign Grand Lodge for 1850 and 1851, and was in good 
standing when the lodge disbanded in 1861. None of these charter members 
are now members of the lodge, but four of them were in good standing when 
the lodge ceased to work. 

July 22, 1875, the lodge was resuscitated by Special Commissioner Joseph 
Kidder, and located at North Conway. Among the petitioners for the restora- 
tion of the charter were these members of the old lodge: Albert Barnes, 
('handler E. Chase, Joseph F. Dinsmore, Andrew Dinsmore, Reuben Eastman, 
William C. Eastman, Joseph Pitman, Christopher W. Wilder, and Orrin 
Seavey, all of whom were initiated in 1848, excepting William C. Eastman, 
initiated in 1852; and all are now members except two, J. F. Dinsmore, who 
died April 2(3, 1877, and Andrew Dinsmore, who withdrew from the lodge 
November 9, 1880. 

But three have been admitted to the Grand Lodge : William C. Eastman in 
187 ( .», Reuben Eastman in 1880, and Christopher W. Wilder in 1879. Fifteen 
past grands of this lodge have been admitted to the Grand Lodge. 

There are now sixty-seven members. The officers May, 1889, were George 
A. Wagg, N. G. ; John B. Hobbs, V. G. ; E. F. McFarland, secretary ; Reuben 
Eastman, treasurer; W. W. Pease, J. A. Barnes, F. P. Allard, trustees; 
Charles H. Whitaker, chaplain. 

Bear Camp Lodge, No. 37, I. 0. 0. F., Sandwich, was instituted May 15, 
1851, by Grand Master John T. Stevens, with these charter members: Nathaniel 
1 Jerry, Norman G. French, Ebenezer Horn, Jr, Nathaniel Johnson, Caleb M. 
Quimby, William M. Weed. All were initiated in Winnipiseogee Lodge, No. 7, 
Laconia: Horn, November 24, 1846; French, Johnson, and Quimby, February 
4, 1851 ; Berry and Weed, March 4, 1851. Brothers Horn and Weed were the 
only ones who passed the chairs, and were admitted to the Grand Lodge, the 
first in 1855, the latter in 1852. Brother Quimby dropped his membership in 
IS;').'!. French in 1857, Berry and Weed in 1859. Johnson withdrew from the 
lodge in 1852. 

This lodge had an existence of fourteen years, and was declared defunct by 
the Grand Lodge in 1865. At that time there were but four members in good 
standing: Ebenezer Horn, Jeremiah S. Dinsmore, William S. Prescott, and 
•lames M. Smith, all past grands. Ten past grands were admitted from it to 
the (J rand Lodge, but never held office in that body. There were seventy- 
seven candidates initiated by the lodge, and it built a good hall which, after the 
representative of the Grand Lodge had visited Sandwich, collected the effects 
of the Lodge, and turned them over to the Grand Secretary, was sold to the 
Freemasons. The number was given to Mt William Lodge, North Weare, 
February 27, L878. 

Cold Hirer Lodge, No. J/O, I. 0. 0. F., Tamworth, was instituted March 25, 

Masonic and Otheb Okganizations. 215 

ISaii, by Graud Master John Peabody, with Edward W. Bradbury, An 
W. Hill. Davids. Hidden, Nathaniel Johnson, William L. Johnson, Joseph B. 
Kennison, and William ( ). Weed as charter members. All these 
Nathaniel Johnson (sec Bear Camp Lodge) were initialed in Bear ('amp 
Lodge, Sandwich, during the year 1851. The charter members all passed the 
chairs, but Brother Johnson was the only one who entered the Grand Lodge 
which he did in 1855. The Lodge was disbanded in 1860, having during thai 
time initiated forty-three candidates and admitted two brothers l>\ card. The 
charter members, except Brother Hill, who dropped his membership in L859, 
were in good standing when the lodge was closed, and although reports had 
gone to the Grand Lodge thai but three meetings had been held for the 
there were thirty-four members in good standing on the honks. The number 
of the lodge was given to Unity Lodge, Hinsdale Only two past grands of 
Cold River Lodge entered the Grand Lodge. 

Osceola Lodge, No. 27, I. 0. 0. F., Bartlett, was instituted May 25, 1877, by 
Grand Master Alonzo F. Craig, having as charter members Thomas Black, 
Frank W.Brown, John O. Dodge, Leonard Foster, Caleb F. Ordway, Sidne} 
W. Peakes, Humphrey I*. Richards, Frank A. Rodgers, Edward C. Thompson. 
Uriah M. Wright, Sanford E. Whitten. Brothers Black, Dodge, Foster, Ord- 
way. Peakes, Thompson, Wright, and Whitten were initiated in Saco Valley 
Lodge, North Conway, as follows: Thompson, August 19, 1875; Foster, 
December 21,1875; Black, .January 25,1876: Ordway, Peakes. and Wright. 
April, 1876; Dodge and Whitten, July 18, 1 <ST< > : Richards was initiated in 
Saco Lodge, No. 2, Saco, Maine, July 20, 18<J'.>, and Rodgers in Dirigo Lodge, 
No. 63, Milo, Maine, March 26, 1873. Brothers Brown. Peakes, Richards, 
Thompson, and Wright have passed the chairs. Brother Brown was admitted 
to the Grand Lodge in 1878, Richards in 1879, and Thompson in 1884. 

Osceola Lodge took the number of Pemigewasset Lodge of Bristol, which 
disbanded January 2, 1856. Only six of the eleven charter members are now 
members, three having withdrawn from the lodge and two dropped their 
membership. Seven past grands have been admitted to the Grand Lodge. 

Trinity Lodge, No. 63, I. 0. 0. F., located at Snowville, in Eaton, was 
instituted May 5, 1880, by George A. Robie, acting (hand Master, assisted by 
George W. Gordon, Deputy Grand Master, C. E. Chase, Grand Warden, 
Joseph Kidder, Grand Secretary, and William Boyington, Grand Guardian. 
The charter members were Edwin Snow. Andrew J. While. Aimer ( '. Wake- 
field, Benjamin F. Wakefield, Clinton S. Warren, and Horace M. Thompson. 
The lodge experienced a very slow growth for several years, owing to the 
prejudice against secret orders then existing in its vicinity. As the purposes 
of the order became better underst 1. and it was relieved of this unjust oppo- 
sition, the lodge increased in membership very rapidly, and has added forty- 
eight initiates to its charter members. Considering the territory accessible 

216 History of Carroll County. 

to the lodge, it has enjoyed a notable degree of prosperity, and although it 
recently parted with eleven of its active members in the institution of Crystal 
Lodge, Madison, it is still in a flourishing condition with an active member- 
ship of thirty-six. 

Fidelity Lodge, X". 71, 7. 0. 0. F.. Wolfeborough, was instituted March 15, 
L886, by District Deputy Grand Master John A. Glidden. The charter mem- 
bers were Darius F. Ham, George F. Horn, Herbert M. Horn, Joseph Lewando, 
William J. Mattison, Downing V. Osborne, Charles H. Parker, Charles W. 
Sylvester, Fernando Willand, Edgar F. White. Brother Ham was initiated 
in Mechanics Lodge, No. 13, Manchester, February 7, 1872; Mattison in 
Miltonia Lodge, No. 52, Milton Mills, November 4, 1879, and George F. Horn 
in the same. March 14,1884; Willand in Belknap Lodge, No. 14, Meredith, 
September 8,1879; White in Equity Lodge, No. 33, East Northwood, March 
17. L880; Sylvester in Blue Hill Lodge, No. 79, Blue Hill, Maine, June 7, 1881; 
Osborne in Kennedy Lodge, No. 57, Rochester, May 12, 1885 ; H. M. Horn in 
Caledonia Lodge, No. 6, St Jolinsbury, Vt, September 6, 1885; Parker in 
Wecohamet Lodge, No. 3, Dover, October 16, 1844, preparatory to becoming 
a charter member of Swamscot Lodge, No. 8, Newmarket ; Lewando in Suffolk 
Lodge, No. 8, Boston, Mass. (He afterward became a member of Orient 
Lodge, No. 17, East Portland, Ore.) Everett S. Albee, Joseph P. Heath, and 
Edward E. Gate were made members under a dispensation on the evening of 
the organization of- Fidelity Lodge. Bro. Charles H. Parker passed the chairs 
in Swamscot Lodge, and was admitted a member of the Grand Lodge of New 
Hampshire in 1847, and was in the same year appointed District Deputy 
Grand Master for that district. He was appointed District Deputy Grand 
Master for this district in 1886, holding the office two years. He is the Nestor 
of the lodge, his work and walk for nearly half a century in Odd Fellowship 
causing him to be held in great veneration and esteem. Brothers White, 
Sylvester, Lewando, Heath, and Gate have passed the chairs. Sylvester and 
Lewando were admitted members of the Grand Lodge in 1888. C. W. 
(iilman was elected Noble Grand in December, 1888; and the same year 
Joseph Lewando was appointed District Deputy Grand Master. 

For nearly two years the lodge held its meetings in Masonic Hall. In 
1888 it rented the third story of Union Block, and fitted up a hall and side- 
rooms in a line manner at an expense of over #1,000. 

( 'rystal Lodge, No. 77, I. 0. 0. F., Silver Lake, Madison, was instituted 
September 18, 1888, by Grand Master Folsom, assisted by Grand Secretary 
Kidder and several grand officers pro ton. appointed for the occasion. It is 
the last lodge instituted in the jurisdiction and, of course, the youngest on the 
list. The projectors of the lodge are young men full of zeal and thoroughly 
indoctrinated with the principles of the order and will neglect no proper 
opportunity nor Hag in their efforts to make Crystal Lodge a success among its 
sister lodges. 


The charter members were John A. Forrest, Jr, Fred I.. Moore, \l 
Robertson, Samuel .1. Gilman, George M. Atwood, Lewis N. Knox, Josiah C. 
Flanders, Charles E. Bickford, James O. Gerry, and Frank 11. Kennett, ten in 
number. Two other petitioners failed of having their names on the list, 
namely, Edwin Blake and Edgar F. White, simply because their withdrawal- 
cards were not received in season, under the law regulating such matters. \ 
the charter members came from Trinity Lodge, No. 63, Eaton, where they were 
severally initiated thus: Flanders, June Is L884: ; Atwood, Februar} 3, i 
Fmrest, kennet t, and (Jerry, February 24, L885 ; Knox and Bickford, February 
•"., L886; Robertson, July 20, 1887; Gilman, September 28, same year; M 
January 25, 1S88. 

On the evening of the institution, which was a stormy one. rendering trav- 
eling exceedingly difficult along the dark country roads, hut live candidates 
presented themselves for initiation and the degrees. Four of these were resi- 
dents of Madison: Jesse E. Lyman, William C. Lord, John F. Chick, and John 
T. Frost. The fifth, Everett W. Ivenerson, lives in Tarn worth. 

The following were duly elected and installed as the first list of officers for 
the lodge, namely, noble grand, Dr George M. Atwood: vice grand, Mark E. 
Robertson; secretary, Lewis N. Knox; treasurer, Charles E. Bickford; warden. 
John A. Forrest; conductor, Samuel J. Gilman; outside guard, Frank B. Ken- 
nett; inside guard, Josiah C. Flanders; chaplain, Rev. Edwin Blake. 

Carroll County Medical Society was organized June 2ti. 1883, by 
virtue of a charter obtained from the New Hampshire State Medical Society, 
June 20, 1883, by Dr William H. H. Mason. The charter members were' 
William H. H. Mason, Frank L. Judkins, Thomas E. Hubbard. Nathaniel II. 
Scott, Melvin A. Harmon, James C Bassett, Jeremiah W. Dearborn, and J. M. 
Leavitt. The officers for the year 1883-84 were William H. II. Mason. 
president; J. W. Dearborn, vice-president; James ('. Bassett, secretary; J. M. 
Leavitt, treasurer. Officers for 1885: J. W. Dearborn, president ; M. A. Har- 
mon, vice-president; J. C. Bassett, secretary: J. M. Leavitt, treasurer. Offi- 
cers for 1886: M. A. Harmon, president: William H. Bragdon, vice-president ; 
J. C. Bassett, secretary ; J. M. Leavitt, treasurer. Officers for 1887: W. H. 
Bragdon, president ; A. L. Merrow, vice-president : M. A. Harmon, secretary ; 
J. M. Leavitt, treasurer. Officers for 1888 : A. L. Merrow, president: J. F. 
Scruton, vice-president; M. A. Harmon, secretary; J. M. Leavitt, treasurer. 
Officers for 1881 >: J. E. Scruton, president; X. II. Scott, vice-president; M. A. 
Harmon, secretary ; J. M. Leavitt, treasurer. 

This society meets twice a year : its annual meeting is at the court-house at 
Ossipee, and the semi-annual arranged for by a committee, or by vote ol the 
society. This latter meeting combines pleasure with business; partakii 
the nature of an excursion, each member inviting his family and friends. It is 

218 History of Carroll County. 

made as social, instructive, and enjoyable as possible, and is one of the most 
pleasant features of the society. 

Original Members. — W. H. H. Mason, Frank L. Judkins, Thomas E. Hub- 
bard, Nathaniel H. Scott, M. A. Harmon, James C. Bassett, J. W.Dearborn, 
A. D. Merrow, George W. Lougee, James M. Leavitt. 

Members, July 29, 1889. [Furnished by Dr M. A. Harmon, secretary.] 
Frank L. Judkins, N. H. Scott, M. A. Harmon, J. W. Dearborn, A. D. Merrow, 
(i. W. Lougee, -James M. Leavitt, IT. I. Berry, John E. Scruton, W. H. Brag- 
don, George M. Atwood, Joseph H. Pitman, R. H. King, E. W. Hodsdon, 
Samuel W. Roberts, diaries F. Roberts, C. B. Cotton, W. G. Martin, David 
Watson. William M. Moore, of Provincetown, Mass., G. H. Shedd, of Frye- 
burg, Maine. 

Work of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union. — [By Mrs Fanny M.' 
Grant.] March 7, 1882, Mrs Asa Tuttle, of Dover, organized the first local 
Union in Carroll county at Centre Sandwich, with Mrs E. R. Beede, president; 
Mrs L. W. Stanton, corresponding secretary; Mrs Annie R. Folsom, recording 
secretary ; Mrs George MeGaffey, treasurer. In addition to these officers, 
there were eleven members, making fifteen in all. They adopted this constitu- 
tion, prepared by the State Executive Committee for local unions who wished 
to become auxiliary to the state unions: — 

Article I. This organization shall be known as the Woman's Christian 
Temperance Union of Centre Sandwich, auxiliary to the Woman's Christian 
Temperance Union of the State of New Hampshire. 

Art. II. The object of this union shall be to educate public sentiment up 
to the standard of total abstinence, train the young, save the inebriate, and 
secure legal prohibition and complete banishment of the liquor traffic. 

Art. III. Any woman may become a member of this organization by 
signing the constitution, and by payment of fifty cents per year into the 
treasury. She shall also sign this pledge : "I hereby solemnly promise, God 
being my helper, to abstain from all distilled, fermented, and malt liquors as a 
beverage, including wine, beer, and cider, and to employ all proper means to 
discourage the use of, and traffic in, the same." Gentlemen may become 
honorary members by signing this pledge, and paying fifty cents a year into 
the treasury . 

The State Annual Convention of that year was held at Deny, September 
•Jti and 27, and Mis C. C. Fellows was sent as delegate. As it was something 
new in the annals of the town to send women as delegates, the credentials read 
"To whom it may concern," and was signed by the president. There being 
no other union in the county and. Mrs Fellows being the only representative 
therefrom, she was chosen by the convention assembled to serve as president of 

Masonic and Otheb Organizations. 219 

Carroll County Union; bul she, having recently moved into the county, fell 

that she was too much of a stranger to do the work justice, declined, ;it the 
same time recommending Mrs Asahel Wallace, of Sandwich, who was eli 
;ui(l entered upon her labors with great energy. At the next state convention, 
held in Milford, September -I and 25, L884, Mrs Wallace reported eleven 

unions formed at an expense of twelve dollars, and only five towns in the 
county where there were no unions. This had been accomplished by visiting 
from house to house in the day, and speaking in the evening, through much 
hard work and many prayers of faith. 

At the next state convention, held in Great Falls, September i!'.' and 30, 
L885, Mrs Wallace gave a detailed and a most encouraging report of work 
done. Eight more unions had been formed and several county conventions 
held. This year there were six towns represented by delegates: Sandwich. 
Moultonborough, Wakefield, Union, Brookfield, and Wolfeborough. Several 
of these new unions presented their first report which showed they hail made 
a good beginning. Brookfield received special mention in the annual report of 
that session. At this convention it was voted to institute a new department 
for the "suppression of Sabbath-breaking." Mis Ira T. Wallace, of Centre 
Sandwich, was chosen superintendent of this department. The state conven- 
tion of 188(3 was held at Littleton. Previous to this the countj presidents 
reported individually, giving a summary of work done, hut for lack of time it 
was voted that in future the reports he sent to the corresponding secretary, 
Miss Wendell, and she report by counties. In her report for this year. Miss 
Wendell said : " Carroll county was organized last year and now has fifteen 
unions, though not all in active operation; the county president reports good 
work done in old unions and in organizing new ones; the Woman's Christian 
Temperance Union, uniting with the men's organization called the Carroll 
County Temperance Association, have held nine county conventions which have 
done much to awaken the people." Brookfield's union, though in one of the 
smallest villages, does not lack for enterprise. It has a membership of about 
forty, a juvenile society, and public meetings are held monthly with good 
attendance. South Tamworth reports they are holding the fort, and trying to 
keep the boys from drinking cider. Centre Sandwich and Union always semi 
good reports. The other unions are Albany, Conway, Effingham Falls. Baton, 
Madison. Moultonborough, Tamworth, Tuftonborough, Wakefield, Wolfe- 
borough, ami East Wolfeborough. Three unions in the county having 
never taken any active steps were dropped from the report. 

At the state convention for 1887, held at Manchester. Carroll county was 
reported as having held seven county conventions, the Woman's < hristian 
Temperance Union holding the forenoon session, and the Carroll County I em- 
perance Association (which had done much towards awakening temperance 
sentiment in the county), the afternoon. The total number of active unions in 

220 History of Carroll County. 

the county is thirteen with a membership of two hundred and twenty; nine- 
teen union signals taken. Three unions have juvenile societies, and three are 
holding public meetings. All unions have distributed literature; three have 
used the monthly readings, and two have loan libraries. 

The state convention of L888 was held at Keene, the corresponding secre- 
tary reporting Carroll county as having- held five county conventions with good 
success and attendance. Other meetings were held in various places with 
good results. Two new unions formed at Ossipee and Centre Ossipee which 
have started with promise. Each union has about twenty members and several 
honorary members. The one at ( Vntre Ossipee has had several public meetings 
and entertainments, organized a juvenile society, and introduced temperance 
songs into the day-school. Much active work has been done in the town of 
Wolfeborough to check the tide of intemperance. 

At this convention, Mrs Fanny M. Grant, of Centre Ossipee, was elected 
president of the county in place of Mrs Asahel Wallace. During the amend- 
ment campaign for constitutional prohibition, Mrs Grant was a member of the 
state committee for Carroll county, and did all in her power to further the 
good cause. The ladies of all the unions did very active work, and it was 
greatly owing to their efforts that Carroll county gave a majority for the 

In February, 1884, a department for the "suppression of impure literature " 
was taken up by the National Woman's Christian Temperance Union. Miss 
Lucy .1. Holmes, of Derry, being national superintendent, Mrs C. C. Fellows 
was invited to take charge of the work in New Hampshire. In February, 
188"), she started the work. She sent circular letters to all ministers, editors, 
superintendents of schools, presidents of colleges, and principals of high 
schools and seminaries, asking the minister to preach one sermon at least on 
the subject ; the editor to suppress all tending to deprave, and publish only the 
pure: and the superintendents of educational institutions to look well after 
the morals of teachers and pupils. She sent circular letters with petitions to 
every town according to population, to presidents of unions, and where there 
were no unions, to ministers and postmasters. She received returns from sixty- 
two towns, and more than thirteen thousand signatures. Just at this stage of 
her labors she received an injury to her right hand which prevented her writing 
and her husband came to the rescue. He made all copies, directed and sent all 
mail matter, prepared the petitions and put them in proper shape to present to 
the legislature, furnished the money, postage, and stationery needed, and then 
drew up the hill for presentation to the legislature. He furnished means and 
encouraged his wife to go to Concord and place "the yards of names" in the 
hands of Rev. .lames Thurston, who took charge of the petitions, presented the 
l.ill to the house, and ably assisted in securing its passage. Mrs Fellows gives 
great credit to Miss Holmes for earnest advice and continued assistance, and to 

Newspapers am> Manufactub 221 

Miss Wendell who drafted the petition-headings and rendered gn 
by her zeal in sending directions and advice. Mrs Fellows said : •■ I,, 
forward, I could not see how anything could be accomplished, but in loo 
back I was reminded of thai memorable sentence, ' I came, I saw, I conquei 
The women of the National Woman's Christian Temperance Union oi 
this department ; a good sister of Carroll county took the work in hand, and 
working with a will, received help from sisters all over the state. The bill 
presented to the legislature: they passe. I the act; it became a law, and the 
work was done. 



Newspapers — Charles IT. Parker— Timber and Lumbering — Maple-Sugar Making — 
Other Resources — Healthfulness — Why Manufacturers should Locate here -Emigration 
should tend hither ward. 

CARROLL County Newspapers. — In January, L841, Junot J. White- 
house began the publication of a newspaper at Smith Wolfeborough, then 
a flourishing business centre. Tins was a great undertaking. The new 
paper had quite an amount of legal and other advertising, and was uell- 
conducted, but it had a short life. It was called the Carroll County />'■ publican. 
It w as a four-paged, six-column paper; price, "81.50 in advance, $1.75 if not 
paid within six months, or two dollars if not paid before the end of the year." 
It was devoted to miscellany, politics, and general news. In polities it was 
Democratic, although it advocated the abolition of slavery. The next efforl 
to establish a paper in the county was made by John F\ Roberts, who in Jan- 
uary, 1856, issued the first copy of the Carroll ('<>n,it;i Pioneer. Mr Roberts 
was a practical printer, having given three veins' time in Boston and New ^ oik 
to the business. A.t the above date he came to Wolfeborough and opened an 
office in the Bank building. The Pioneer was a six-column paper devoted to 
politics, local and general news, and miscellany. In politics it was Repub- 
lican. Mr Roberts was an excellent printer, a hard-working honesl man of fail- 
ability, ami by great effort continued the publication of the Pioneer up to 
March, 1858, when it was sold to I). Warren Furber, by whom its publication 
was continued for some months, and then removed to Rochester. I he P 
was published Thursdays at *1 per year in advance, or $1.25 at end o\ year. 

222 History of Carroll County. 

Having disposed of the Carroll County Pioneer, Mr Roberts removed to 
< >ssipee and stalled a job office. In May, 1859, he commenced the publication 
of the Carroll County Register, which he continued to publish till a few weeks 
before his death, a period of nearly six years, when he sold his subscription list 
t.i the Granite State News. The Register was a five-column, four-page paper 
issued every Thursday morning as " A family newspaper, devoted to the 
interests of Carroll County in general." Terms, single subscriptions, in 
advance, $1 : live copies, $4 ; twelve copies, $9. Mr Roberts worked hard both 
early and late, but failed to make his business a success. He evidently 
made the mistake often made by men who lack experience in the newspaper 
publishing business. To induce patronage he made his prices both for sub- 
scriptions and advertising too low, and endeavored to make up for the loss by 
overwork. Such a course may answer for a time, but in the end results in 
tail inc. as it did in Mr Roberts's case. Too close application brought him to 
an early grave. 

The Granite State News was started by James R. Newell, at Wolfeborough, 
November 1, 1860, and printed on a second-hand press over fifty years old. 
The News was at first a six-column paper, issued weekly at "one dollar a year 
in advance, or $1.25 if not paid within the year." 

In his "Introductory " Mr Newell said: — 

Tt will be the aim of the publisher to make the News a family paper — one which will be 
entertaining to all. We shall devote particular attention to the collection and publication of 
items of local news, in order that persons who formerly resided in this vicinity, and who have 
removed to other places, may, by subscribing for the News, be kept informed of everything 
of interest that transpires in the neighborhood of their former homes. 

Mr Newell edited and personally conducted the paper until December 5, 
1861, when he enlisted as a private in Company I, Eighth New Hampshire 
Volunteers, and left his business in charge of Charles H. Parker, the present 
publisher. Mr Newell was the only person in the office who had a competent 
knowledge of the printing business, and Mr Parker soon found his position 
to be anything but a sinecure. With a small list of subscribers, an office 
wanting in almost everything (including experienced workmen), with very 
little advertising and less job custom, the prices of stock and wages constantly 
increasing, it was well, perhaps, for the enterprise that the new publisher was 
entirely ignorant of the requirements of a successful printing and newspaper 

I" give one illustration of the enormous expense incident to the publishing 
ol a newspaper in those " war times," the white paper for the newspapers, which 
could be bought before the war for nine cents a pound, rose in price to twenty, 
twenty-two, twenty-live, and even as high as thirty-two cents a pound. As 
the subscription price— too low at first — was unchanged, the profits would 
necessarily be imaginary. 

Newspapers and Manufaoti 

At the end of four years Mr Newell, finding thai there was no pros] 
making the News self-sustaining, decided to sell out if possible; if not, 
discontinue the publication of the paper. It was in the middle of the 

for the reelection of President Line. .In when this conclusion v died. 

Thinking it would not help the matter any in Nr« Hampshire, to Imve it 
abroad thai a Republican paper had died for want of support in the midsl of 
a hot campaign, Mr 1'arker purchased the establishment, increased the prici 
§1.50 per year in advance, boughi the subscription list of the Carroll I 
Record published at Ossipee, and by putting in from fifteen to sixteen hours 
for a day's work, practising the closest economy, and making " typos " of hi.> 
girls when they should have been in the schoolroom, seven years more 
added to the life of the News. 

Duiing this period some prominent Democrats came to the conclusion thai 
a Democratic county ought to support a Democratic paper, and, by donating 
$500 in cash, and guaranteeing five hundred subscribers, induced Mr Elijah 
( loulliard, an excellent printer of long experience, to commence the publication 
of the Carroll County Democrat. The Democrat run two or three year- and 
died of starvation. 

In \x~~2 the publisher of the News enlarged his paper to seven columns per 
page, and. with the assistance of a friend, purchased a Fairhaven power-press. 
Before this purchase there had only been one press in the office, which had 
been used for all purposes. This was the one purchased by Mr Newell for 
fifty dollars when the News was founded. It was a " patent-lever" press made 
in 1804; a press that lias a history, and which is still in use in the .V, ws office, 
and yet capable of doing the best of work. The purchase of the new press 
and the application of steam-power relieved the publisher from a degree of 
hard labor which was beginning to tell upon a strong physical constitution, he 
having been his own pressman always, as well as editor, devil, and all hands, 
as circumstances required. 

In December, 1879, Mr Parker enlarged the News to an eight-column paper, 
with no increase in subscription price. From that date to the present the 
prosperity of the News has continued, and it has been a most valuable party 
aid, as well as a good local paper. 

In 1879, George C. Furber, so long an able publisher of the Republic at 
Littleton, established the While Mountain Record, weekly, ai North Conway. 
lie made it an active Democratic paper, and beyond question alienated support 
that a neutral or independent sheet would have had. It had an existence oi 
something over a year and was in quite a flourishing condition when the 
pressure of other business caused the withdrawal of Mr Furber. who took the 
■•plant " with him. In 1880, Mr Furber published a summer paper. The Idler, 
a very handsome and ably conducted journal, which did ^"'l service in 
preserving much of historical information in that section. It is a matter ol 
regret that its publication was not continued. 

224 History of Carroll County. 

After the discontinuance of the Record, Van Cullen Jones continued the 
name in a paper which he conducted weekly for one summer. Some year or 
so later, J. A. Seitz, who had been publishing an independent religious journal, 
The True Religion, at Norway, Maine, removed his office to North Conway, 
and in connection with that paper began the publication of a local weekly, 
The White Mountain News. Edward H. Crosby took the News after two 
years' time, but it soon died. 

Eastman's Monthly Ray, a four-column, eight-page "Congregational journal 
lor the church, the Sunday-school, and the home," was published at Centre 
( >ssipee lor a time from April, 1881. Its price was fifty cents a year. 

The Carroll County Pioneer, was established at Wolfboro Junction, in 1881, 
by George S. Don-. It is a weekly Democratic paper of seven columns, pub- 
lished Fridays at one dollar a year in advance. Mr Dorr is a young man of 
exceedingly good ability, of fine poetic taste, and justly acquired popularity, 
and is a " born editor/' 

Sandwich Reporter. — The first number of this paper was issued at Sand- 
wich Lower Corner, June 7, 1883, by Charles H. Blanchard, editor and 
proprietor, who still publishes it. In February, 1881, a power-press was 
introduced, and the office is now supplied with two presses and about sixty 
fonts of type, and does some very satisfactory job-work. The Reporter is 
published weekly, has 810 circulation, and costs one dollar a year. It has 
been a valuable medium for the preservation of historical and genealogical 

Charles II. Parker, the veteran publisher of the Granite State News, is the 
one par excellence to be mentioned in connection with the press of Carroll 
county. He was born in Portsmouth, May 26, 1819, and is thoroughly a 
" self-made " man, having made his way through life entirely by his own 
exertions. When a lad of seven he was apprenticed to a farmer for seven 
years, hut broke away at the age of eleven, continuing, however, to work at 
farming until he was seventeen. In 1831 he came to Wolf eboro ugh, but as 
lie desired to be near his mother who needed his aid, he went to Newmarket 
where she resided, and became an operative in a cotton factory. With a great 
desire for knowledge, his opportunities for learning had been most limited, 
but now, during his spare hours, he applied himself to study, and acquired 
proficiency in the branches taught in common and high schools. An oppor- 
tunity offering, he became with great diffidence, a teacher in a back district 
in Lee : succeeding finely, he opened a private school in Newmarket. After 
a few weeks he was induced to take charge of one of the village schools, and 
taught seven years — twenty-one terms — in one room. After this he taught 
three terms in Searsport, Maine, then, coming to Wolfeborough, he taught six 
or eight winter terms in the village school. His principal business here for 
some time was official ; lie was deputy-sheriff eight years, and sheriff five 
years ; in 1858-59 he was representative of Wolfeborough in the legislature. 

Newspapers and Mani i \< i 

In 1860, at the request of Mr Newell, Mr Parker became editor of the 
until a permanent one was procured. Thirty years have passed, and lie ha 
laid down the editorial pen. He purchased the office in L86-! and 
been its publisher. Under his managemenl the O-ranite 8 < X 
been positive and aggressive, in strong Logic and plain, crisp English dealing 
stalwart blows in advocacy of the righl as he saw the right. Truth was truth 
ami must bespoken. He lias had strong opposition, but no one has alii 
that he did not believe what he wrote. Expedienc} and time-serving have had 
no tolerance from him. And he has ever been the advocate of those things 
that benefit and uplift mankind. Originally a Democrat, he was one of the 
few who organized the Liberty party (the first anti-slavery party) in this state, 
and from that time he has affiliated with the partj demanding freedom for all. 
Ilr is ;i Freemason, an Odd Fellow, a Unitarian, and. with almost radical 
views in favor of temperance, has been connected with all societies originated 
to advance that cause, and his trenchant pen has done good service in its 
advocacy. He married Sophia Blaisdell, a native of Middleton, and has four 
daughters: Abbie (Mrs Fred \V. Prindall), Fannie (Mrs George F. Mathes), 
Alice M. (Mrs Charles Thompson ), Nettie (Mrs Edwin L. Furber). 

The frosts of age are gathering round his head, but the lire of his mind 
burns brightly, the keen touch of his humor is as delicate as ever, and we 
voice tin' desire of all in wishing him a long continuance of his useful career. 

Timbeb and Lumbee. — The vast quantity of early white-pine which 
would have been so valuable to-day was practically exhausted long ago, and do 
data are left to estimate either its amount or value. Some, even at an early 
period, went down the Ossipee and Saco, more went from Lake Winni 3 
to the mills at Meredith, the Weirs, Gilford, and Meredith Bridge, and so on 
down to the Merrimack, while some went by the way of Alton to the Lower 
country. Much was cut, used, burned, and wasted by the first settlers. Mow- 
ever it was used and what its valuation, concerns us of to-day nothing in 
tracing an outline of the timber production of the last fifty years. 

The first large operator on the Merrimack and its head-waters who touched 
the county on its western side was Nicholas G. Norcross, who had previously 
acquired the title of '•Timber King of New England" from his extensive 
business in .Maine. In 1X44 he established himself on the Merrimack, and, 
expending more than $ 100,000 in purchasing rights at the principal falls, 
blasting rocks, removing obstructions, and adapting and improving the river- 
channel, changed the former laborious and tedious method of locking rafts 
around the falls into the " driving " of logs down the river. His operations 
took in a portion of Sandwich, and his men worked on different parts <>l the 

The first real lumbering in Tamworth, Ossipee. Sandwich, and Albany was 
done by Josiah Thurston, of Freedom, and John Demeritt, of Effingham, 

226 History of Carroll County. 

about L855, and the liisi great drive was bought by Horace Hobson. Mr 
Thurston was an active operator for nearly a quarter of a century. J. P. 
Cushing, of Tamworth, was several years in the business, in 1870 contracting 
to nvt l.iioi). (Hid feel per annum for a term of years, but later confined his 
attention to manufacturing. For the first ten years nothing but white-pine 
was sent off. Then, as pine grew scarce, hemlock and spruce became the 
staple products. Attention began to be given to the hard-wood growth about 
twenty years ago. 

In 1883 and L884 Towle & Keneson were operating extensively in Tam- 
worth in spruce and hemlock, employing from forty to seventy-five men. In 
Ins.") and 1886 John L. Peavey & Son had a mill in the southern part of 
Ossipee, and operated in spruce, hemlock, and hard wood. They were also in 
Albany working largely. They placed a mill there in 1855 and another in 
1857. In 1885 they began on birch, maple, and beech, which they sawed into 
flooring from one to three inches in thickness. The output from their mills 
in Albany has been from one to three millions per annum. This firm is one 
of the heaviest in the county, and has a mill now in Wolfeborough. 

In 1868, when a concerted movement was made to advance the Great Falls 
and Conway railroad from Union Village to West Ossipee, a meeting was 
arranged between the prominent officials of the Eastern Railroad Corporation 
and leading citizens of the count}'- at Union Village, at which these citizens 
gave carefully prepared estimates of the support various towns in the county 
would give to the proposed extension of the railroad. Ossipee was represented 
by Asa Beacham, Joseph Q. Roles, Henry J. Banks, Samuel D. Quarles, and 
Lorenzo D. Moulton. Their estimate of what Ossipee would send to market 
over the road was: timber, 376,000,000 feet; wood, 141,000 cords ; bark, 50,000 
cords; available sites for mills and mills for lumber production within six 
miles distance, 40; merchandise tonnage per annum, 1,500 tons. Charles 
Cook, of Tamworth, estimated that his town would send: timber, 100,000,000 
feet; wood, 2,000,000 cords; shoe-pegs, 6,000 barrels; hay-rakes, 2,000 dozen; 
merchandise tonnage per annum, 750 tons. Henry J. Banks gave an estimate 
for Sandwich : lumber, 5,000,000 feet ; wood, 1,000,000 cords ; bark, 3,000 
cords; merchandise tonnage, 220 tons. William H. Allen estimated that 
Conway would send : lumber, 300,000,000 feet ; and a merchandise tonnage of 
1.5(10 tons a year. John M. Nickerson said that Albany offered "large 
quantities of hemlock, pine, spruce, maple timber and wood growth covering 
thousands of acres around the base of Chocorua mountain." 

In 1872 statistics were furnished to the Portland and Ogdensburgh railroad 
along its route as follows : — 

Chatham has 100,000,000 feet of hemlock and spruce lumber standing. There is a large 
amount of poplar. 

Newspapers am. Manufactures. 

Bartlett has -'^.oon acres of w led land, and 150, ,000 feel ol spruce and h 

ready for the lumberman. Barfc for tanning is available in unlimited quai 

birch, beech, and poplar are abundant. There are six water-powers ; one, Goodrich Fa 

Kllis river, has 100 feel descent . 

Jackson lias 19,000 acres of wooded territory. 100,000,000 teel ol lumber available f<u 

use, stlj spruce and hemlock, especially spruce, rt is of large size. Several water-powers 

arc unoccupied on Kllis river. 

Hart's Location. A. good deal of spruce, hemlock, and s pine adapted to clapboards 

are standing upon ii . 

Conway has four water-powers, pari improved, with thousands ol cords ol popiai 
pulp, excelsior, etc., in the vicinity ; 20,000,000 feel of pine are still standing in the town, with 
hard and soft wood, spruce and hemlock. 

The tow ns of Freedom. Effingham, and Ossipee run and will continue to run i heir lumber 
largely down the river to be cut up by its water-powers, or al Steep Falls on the Saco, from 
whirl i poinl it, will take rail to Portland. 

Iii 1876 Albany whs furnishing much lumber, mostly hard wood. Ossipee 
was doing a large business in manufactured lumber, produced bv F. K. Hobbs 
& Co., J. B. Moulton and the heirs of L. I). Moulton, and others. Towle 
& Keneson and Thurston & Towle, of Freedom, were lumbering extensively 
in Ossipee and South Tamworth in hemlock and spruce, which was driven 
down the various streams leading to the Saco. Charles McKenney and 
Horace llobson, of Maine, were operating quite heavily in Ossipee. Bartletl 
Bros, of South Tamworth, were manufacturing lumber on a large scale 
at their mills at that place. In 1880 Mr Hobson cut about 3,000,000 feet in 
Bartlett and Jackson. 

Since the early operations in pine in Moultonborough, lumbering has 
been carried on more or less by small operators, never attaining high propor- 
tions. Emery's newly refitted mill lias revived it somewhat, about 2,000,000 
feet being cut in the winter of 1888-89. 

Colonel John Peavey, for many years the largest operator in Tufton- 
borough, informs us that in 1823, when he went into trade, the most of the 
lumbering of the town was in red oak "shook"' for molasses hogsheads. A 
large quantity was manufactured here, the home price being about fifty cents 
and the Dover price about one dollar. They were; drawn by teams to Dover, a 
trip occupying tour days. Captain Tristram Copp used to own a large team 
with which he would draw " shook " down, and load back with goods. There 
were also a great many beef-barrels made for the Dover market. Considerable 
pine was standing when the Boston, Concord, and Montreal railroad was built. 
This became quite valuable with the advanced facilities of transportation, and 
it was cut, drawn to the lake, rafted, and floated to Lake Village. The price 
in the log on the shore of the lake ranged from live to ten dollars per 

John L. Peave\ Informs us that in L852, when his knowledge of lumbering 
details began, the lumber interest of Tuftonborough was connected with 

228 History of Carroll County. 

the old-pine mentioned above, hemlock, and oak. The hemlock was less in 
quantity than the pine and was sawed at Lake Village and Wolfeborough 
mills. The oak was for hogshead staves and found a Boston market. Colonel 
John Peavey was doing more in lumbering than all other operators. He 
employed a large crew for those days — twenty men. Wages was sixty-five 
cents a day. More or less was done in a small way until 1881, when John L. 
Peavey began quite extensive operations on the Whitehouse lots in old-pine 
and oak. He employed thirty men, used a portable sawmill to cut his logs, 
and got out "shook" and ship-timber. The last went to Gloucester, the 
•• shook " to Portland and Boston, and the pine mostly to Nashua and Boston. 
He operated here two years, getting out 1,500,000 feet annually. 

The primitive growth of pine in East Sandwich is said to have been 
unsurpassed in New Hampshire as regards size and quality, but it was carried 
down the river many years ago when it was worth two dollars per thousand, 
and it is not often now that one of the old king pines can be seen. In a not 
very extensive manner many small operators have cut off a very large amount, 
including pine, hemlock, poplar, and birch. A disastrous wind of a cyclonic 
character prostrated much timber in Sandwich in 1883, including whole groves 
of massive hemlocks. In 1884 John L. Peavey located his mill on the 
W. M. Weed lot, and employed seventy-five men. This had been considered 
the heaviest hemlock growth in the county before the hurricane, and the trees 
then lay in an apparently inextricable confusion piled thirty feet high in some 
places. From one hundred acres of this mass Mr Peavey cut that year 
1,600,000 feet, mostly in boards sent to Massachusetts. No lumbering of 
consequence is now done in Sandwich. 

A correspondent from Conway, under date of February 1, 1879, thus sums 
up the production of lumber: — 

There will be about one million feet of lumber in the logs landed on the banks of the 
river near this place to float down in the spring to mills below. Tliere are manufactured at 
Hie peg-factory one thousand cords of birchwood per year. This requires two hundred 
thousand feet of poplar boards for boxes, which are also manufactured here. Also, about six 
hundred cords of birchwood are cut into spool timber; one thousand cords of oak are cut 
into -laves and made into shooks for the West Indian trade, and about live thousand cords of 
hemlock bark sent from this station during this winter. W. H. Allen sends from this station 
a large amount <>f manufactured pine and spruce lumber, cut at the base of Chocorua moun- 
tain, from as good quality of timber as grows in New England. 

A i this writing (1889), besides the mills of Mr Peavey in Albany, there 
are two others on Swift river, owned and operated by George Sanders, of 
Nashua, and Haven Quint, of Conway. The Bartlett Land and Lumber 
Company are getting from Albany most of their supply for their mill in 
Bartlett. Commencing about 1874, this company has produced from three to 

Newspapers and Mam facti 

five million of feel annually of pine, spruce, and hemlock; the • nine hi 
been much less in quantity in recent years. This is shipped by rail to 
Portland. In Bartletl in addition to this compam are < . I'. Buffuni 
large operators, and several others who ship from Glen Station. 

J.F.Smith lias ;i mill ;it Avalanche Station, in Hart's Location, ami is 
doing quite an extensive business in the production of Lumber. 

Henry Heywood has been producing aboul 3,000,000 feel of Bpru 
.lacks.. n annually in 1888 and L889. 

.Messrs Towle & Keneson, of Freedom, operate in Tamworth and Sand- 
wich, on Ossipee mountains, and for several years have cut from :'.. 1,000 in 

1,000,000 feet annually. 

Davis & Hodsdon, of Centre Ossipee, carry on lumbering in Ossipee and 
Albany. Mr Hodsdon (Arthur E.) lias also formed a partnership with 
('. B. Gafney, of Rochester, as Hodsdon & Gafney, for lumber operations 
in Wakefield and Ossipee. 

In Wolfeborough are the manufacturing and lumbering linns of Libbey, 
Yarney & Co., Hersey Brothers, and A. Wiggin & Son. They get out pine 
hemlock, and hard-wood lumber. 

Poplar used to be in fair demand for shingles, boards, etc. ; in later years 
both poplar and spruce have been in great demand for the manufacture of 

Maple-Sugar Makln<:. — [By Dr S. B. Wiggin.] In the early history 
of Sandwich ' but little attention was paid to sugar-making. At first, in 
clearing the farms, the early settlers did not reserve the sugar-mapli 
that when the industry was found to be of some importance, many who 
desired to engage in it had to go back on the mountains and the uncleared 
lands to find the maple-trees. But now the rock-maple is as carefully 
preserved as the apple-tree, and the income of the sugar-orchard is frequently 
greater than from the apple-orchard. Seventy-live years ago the axe and gouge 
were used in drawing the sap from the tree, and it was caught in troughs 
scooped from logs of wood. The sap was then "boiled" in iron kettles 
suspended over an open fire, usually made between two logs of wood lying- 
parallel on the ground. The kettles were hung from a pole placed \\\ two 

crotched stakes driven into the ground. The implements used and the sugar- 
camps, when there were any, were of the rudest kind. The sugar then made 
was very dark in color and very strong in taste, owing to foreign substances 
constantly getting into the sap, and its almost continual burning on the sides oi 
the kettles as the flames of the lire wrapped around and above them. Then, 
when a man went far away from his dwelling to make sugar, he would 
sometimes remain in the woods through the season, living on potatoes and 
salt pork, or some such rough fare, his camp being made of a lew poles covered 

■This article, while speaking ot Sandwich, applies to the whole "i < arroll county where the mapli 

230 History of Carroll County. 

with spruce or hemlock boughs. When these camps were pitched near where 
bears made their winter quarters, occasionally Bruin walking abroad in the 
warm spring days would call upon the sugar-maker. Sometimes the bear and 
sometimes the sugar-maker would beat a hasty retreat, and sometimes "fight" 
would be shown, but no serious casualties are recorded by early historians. At 
the end of the season the man would pack up his troughs beneath some large 
bury his kettles in the ground to remain till the next season, then take his 
sugar or syrup upon his back and return home. 

The sugar thus made was of so inferior a quality that it had little market 
value, vet it was the almost exclusive ""sweetening" in the families where it 
was made. But time has wrought a great change, not only in the process of 
manufacture, but in the product. Instead of the axe, gouge, auger, and 
trough, small bits, and metallic, or nicely turned spouts are used; tin buckets 
have replaced the troughs and later wooden buckets; galvanized iron pans and 
evaporators set in well-built arches have taken the place of kettles; tin-lined 
tanks are used as receptacles for the sap; the utmost care is taken, and cleanli- 
ness is carefully observed in the manufacture ; comfortable framehouses have 
taken the place of the ruder huts, and instead of the dark, coarse sugar and 
black syrup, sugar is made almost rivaling the refined in whiteness, syrup clear 
as crystal, and both of the most delicious flavor. The market value has trebled 
in the last half century and the quantity made is many times greater. Now 
nearly every farm has its sugar orchard or " sap yard," and the industry is one 
of the most important. 

The annual product is about eighty tons and 't is said that one hundred 
tons have been made in one season in town. Quite a good many of the farmers 
of Sandwich make from fifteen hundred to two thousand pounds annually, and 
several make about three thousand pounds each. The sugar and syrup find a 
ready market in the large cities as a luxury, and the town derives quite a 
revenue from the sale. One farmer, William McCrillis, of Whiteface, has kept 
an account of the sugar he has made since 1841, and the aggregate is 80,770 
pounds. The largest amount he made in any one year was 8,900 pounds in 
1879. John Cartland this year, 1889, made 400 gallons of syrup and some 
sugar. O. L. Ambrose made 2,700 pounds of sugar. Herman H. Quimby, 
John Foss, Charles Foss, Herbert E. Moulton, Jonathan Tappan, Gilman Moul- 
ton, Stanley F. Quinby, Charles O. Smith, B. F. Fellows, Samuel Chase, 
George W. Smith, Noah S. Watson, George Beede, Lewis Q. Smith, Larkin D. 
French, Sumner Watson, and perhaps others, make from 1,500 to 2,500 pounds 
annually. Although not producing so large a quantity as some of the above 
mentioned, George H. Smith should have the credit of making sugar of the 
finest quality ever obtained from the maple-tree. 

Other Resources of Carroll County. — In addition to the timber and lumber 
and maple-sugar interests, there are other resources of the county. But far 

Newspapers and Manupactur] 

transcending all others are the scenery, the salubrious atmosphere, am 
sports .it' fishing and hunting. The latter is however of little avai 
the wilderness region, but the streams are still alive with trout and the lakei 
with various varieties of edible and "gamy " fish, pickerel, bass, and lake-trout. 
Public policy and individual benefit would seem to Indicate thai h vigorous 
course of game-protection should be rigorously maintained, and thai 

means should lie adopted to make the plains, mountains, and valley8 of < '.u mil 
county appropriate portions of one vast park wherein the multitudes of sum- 
mer visitants, who now flock into every town, would be bul the pioneers of still 
greater and ever-increasing numbers coming out of the heated and over- 
crowded cities. These cities are increasing yearly in population by thousands 
of inhabitants who must have country enjoymenl and a playground some- 
where. No other section combines the features of pleasantness to alias does 
Carroll county, and every resident should labor to add to its (harms and 

Healthfullness. — Malarious diseases, end tracing the various forms of inter- 
mittent, remittent, and autumnal fevers, and those febrile ailments coming from 
miasmatic sources, are almost entirely unknown. There is sufficient humidity, 
and in places sufficient accumulations of vegetable matter in the soil to give 
origin to these affections, but the low summer temperature and the influences 
of the mountain breezes forbid their generation. Epidemics and infections, 
such as cholera and yellow fever, can never prevail here, excepl in isolated 
cases by direct importation, as the three essential conditions for their develop- 
ment are absent. These are a high temperature, great moisture, and a stagnanl 
condition of the atmosphere, and are found here rarely and only for a day or 
so at a time, causing entire exemption. The conditions for freedom from pul- 
monary diseases are eminently found here. Air highly oxygenized and charged 
with ozone gives life and soothing to the lungs inhaling it. and with proper 
care from undue exposure carries healing with it to those who come from other 
places with lungs already diseased. Sufferers from asthma and hay-fever find 
great relief in many instances. 

Why manufacturers should locate here. — It is well known that the burden 
of the day's work is felt by the operative to be much heavier in summer than 
in winter. The winter's cold can be so guarded against or mollified that 
throughout the whole establishment average temperature can be secured 
most contributing to vigorous exertion. But the heat of summer pervades and 
penetrates everywhere. Brought in at every window or opening for the neces- 
sary supply of fresh air it cannot be shut out or qualified. It oppresses the 
worker with a languor rarely experienced in out-of-door avocations, and renders 
it impossible for him to do so much or do so well as he can easily do in cool 
weather. Here where the summer temperature is low, where it rises above the 
point of comfort only a few days in the whole season, operatives can perform 

232 History of Carroll County. 

leu per cent, more Labor under the same conditions than can be done in sections 
nut possessed of this cool atmosphere. All along the railroads are magnificent 
water-powers idle or only partially used, and everywhere fuel for steam-power 

can be procured at a merely nominal figure. Already at Union and Wolfe- 
borough, blanket, shoe, and excelsior factories are located, while in Conway, 
Tamworth, etc., peg and spool mills do a thriving business. 

Emigration should tend hitherward. — Immigrants from northwestern 
Europe, British Isles. Germany, Holland, Belgium, Norway, Sweden, and Den- 
mark incur far less risk to their health in removing to such a climate as that of 
Carroll county than to the interior, western, or southern [tortious of the United 
Suites. Much of the lands now considered worthless in the wilderness moun- 
tain dist licts are better adapted to cultivation and will produce better crops 
with less labor than many sections of Scandinavia or Germany. 



Delegates to Constitutional < inventions — Early Eepresentatives — Classed Representa- 
tives—Members of Congress — State Councillors — Presidents of the Senate — State Senators 

— Justices of Court of Sessions — Justices of Court of Common Pleas — County Justices — 
Clerks of Superior Court, Court of Common Pleas, and Supreme Court — Judges of Probate 

— Registers of Probate and Deeds — Treasurers — Solicitors — Sheriffs — Commissioners. 

DELEGATES to Constitutional Conventions. — None of the Carroll 
county towns were represented at the Convention of 1778. Among the 
delegates to the convention at Exeter, February 13, 1781, to " consider the 
Constitution formed by a Convention of the United States'' were: Sandwich 
and Tamworth, Daniel Beede; Conway, Eaton, Burton, etc., David Page; Wake- 
field, Effingham, etc., Nicholas Austin; Moultonborough, Tuftonborough, 
Wolfeborough, and Ossipee, Nathaniel Shannon. James Brewer, of Sandwich, 
etc., appears also on record as a member of the Constitutional Convention 
of L781. 

The Convention of 1788 which adopted the Federal Constitution was com- 
posed in a great measure of the state's strongest men, and there was much 
diversity in their counsels. Some thought that it conferred too many powers 
upon the general government, and were jealous of the rights to be relin- 
guished by the state. Those of the delegates from our territory who believed 

Statk AND ( 'nl'NTV < > I I'll I A l.s. 

thus and voted against adoption were: Conway, Eaton, Burton, and I. 
tions. David Page, Esq.; Wakefield, Effingham, el .. \ ., \., ; 
for adoption were : Sandwich and Tarn worth, Daniel Beede; Moultonboro 
Tuftonborough, Wolfeborough, and Ossipee, Nathaniel Shan i. 

L791. Sandwich, etc., Daniel Beede; Moultonborough, etc., Colonel Nathan 
Hoit; Wakefield, etc., Captain David Copp; Couway, etc., David Pi 

1850. Albany, James Ham: Bartlett, G. W. M. Pitman; Brookfield, John 
Churchill; Chatham, Russell Charles ; Conway, Joel Eastman; Eaton, Joseph 
E. Perkins; Effingham, Jeremiah Leavitt ; Freedom, Elias Rice; Moulton- 
borough, Jonathan S. Moulton; Ossipee, John Brown, Sanborn B. Carter; 
Sandwich, Joseph Wentworth, Lewis Smith; Tamworth, True Perl 
Waketield, Thomas W. Mordough; Tuftonborough, Abel Haley; Wolfebor- 
ough, Thomas L. Whitton, Henry B. Rust. 

1876. Albany, Hiram Mason: Bartlett, George W. M. Pitman. Frank 
George; Brookfield, Dudley C. Colman; Chatham, Osborn Anderson; Con- 
way, Hiram ('.Abbott, Jeremiah A. Farrington; Eaton, Benjamin !•'. Wake- 
tield; Effingham, John V. Granville: Freedom, Stephen Danforth; Hart's 
Location, John O. Cobb; Madison, James J. Merrow; Moultonborough, 
W. II. II. Mason; Ossipee, Sanborn l>. Carter. Samuel D. Quarles; Sandwich, 
John H. Plumer, Paul Wentworth; Tamworth, Nathaniel Hubbard; Tufton- 
borough, Marquis D. L. McDuffee ; Wakefield, John W. Sanborn: Wolfebor- 
ough, Jethro R. Furber, Thomas L. Whitton. 

1889. Bartlett, G. W. M. Pitman: Brookfield, etc., Dudley C. Colman; 
Chatham, Charles H. Binford ; Conway. Lycurgus Pitman. John B. Nash; 
Eaton, Francis M. Hatch; Effingham, Francisco W. Parker: Freedom, 
William H. Furbush; Jackson, Hart's Location, etc., Charles W. Gray ; Albany 
and Madison, Augustus Lary ; Moultonborough, Wesley J. Wilkins; Ossipee, 
David W.Davis; Sandwich, Joseph H. Quimby; Tamworth, Arthur E. W 
gin; Tuftonborough, James A. Bennett: Waketield, John W. Sanborn: 
Wolfeborough, Alvah S. Libbey, George F. Mathes. 

Members of the House of Representatives for the colony of New Hampshire. 
January. March, June, September, and November sessions, 1776. Leavitts- 
fcown, Waketield. and Middleton, Mr Nathaniel Balch; Moultonborough, Sand- 
wich, and Tamworth, Daniel Beede, Esq. Wolfeborough was classed with 
New Durham, etc. 

1776-December session, and to December, 1777. Leavittstown, etc., 
Simeon Dearborn: Moultonborough, etc., Jonathan Moulton. Esq. Conway 
classed with Upper Coos. 

1777-1778. Leavittstown. Mr Nathaniel Balch: Moultonborough, etc., 
Bradley Richardson, Esq.; Wolfeborough, etc., Thomas Tash. No other 
towns represented. 

1778-1779. Conway, Thomas Chadbourne, Esq.; Sandwich, etc., Daniel 


History of Carroll County. 

Beede, Esq.; Wakefield, etc., Simeon Dearborn, Esq.; Wolfeborough, etc., 
Thomas Tash, Esq. 

1778-1780. Wakefield, etc., Simeon Dearborn, Esq.; Sandwich, etc., Jona- 
than .M. Hilton, Esq.; Conway, Thomas Merrill; Wolfeborongh, etc., Matthew 
S. Parker. 

1780-1781. Wakefield, etc., Simeon Dearborn; Sandwich, etc., David 
Folsom, Esq. Wolfeborongh and Conway not represented. 

L781-1782. Wakefield, etc., Captain David Copp; Sandwich, etc., Daniel 
Beede; Conway, etc., David Page. 

The treaty of peace between Great Britain and the United States of 
America was signed in Paris, September 3, 1783. The constitution containing 
bill of rights and form of government agreed upon by the delegates of the 
people of the state of New Hampshire in a convention held at Concord on 
the first Tuesday of Jane, 1783, had been submitted to and approved by the 
people, and established by their delegates in convention, October 31, 1783, to 
take effect in June, 1784. 

June 2, 1784, the first legislature under the State Constitution met at 
Concord. It was perhaps as distinguished a body of men as ever met for 
council or deliberation in the limits of this state. Those from the towns of 
Carroll county were : Sandwich and Tamworth, Daniel Beede, Esq. ; Moulton- 
borough, Tuftonborough, and Ossipee Gore, Colonel Bradbury Richardson; 
Wakefield, Effingham, etc., Captain David Copp; Conway, Eaton, Burton and 
Locations, Colonel David Page. These members were paid six shillings a day 
for their services. 




Silas Meserve. 

A. 1805. — Adams, < 'hathain ; Loca- 
tions ami Gores : — T. 
( lhadbourne's, Gaffer's, 
M. II. We n (worth's, 
Rogers and Treadwell's, 
Martin's, Tlieo. Dame's, 
Sherburne's, et. al.,.Tno. 
Hurd'S, Stephen Hol- 
land's, Arch Stark's, 
Samuel Hale's, Francis 
Green's, R i a d ge and 
Pierces', Vere Royce's, 
Win. Stark's, Philip 
Bailey's, Robert Fur 
nass'.-, Samuel Gilmans, 
McMillan's, David Gil- 
man's, Gridley's, Gray's, 
Nash ami Sawyer's. J 

1806.— Same as A, IMC), ami Bartlett, 

Silas .Meserve. 

1807. — Same as A, 1806, save j 

Theo. Dame's Loca- J Silas Meserve. 

tion. ' 

1808. — Same as A, 1807, Silas Meserve. 
1S0O.— Class A, 1807, Silas Meserve. 

1810. — Class A, 1807, Silas Meserve. 

1811. — Class A, 1807, Silas Meserve. 
1812. -Class A, 1806, save the") 

several Locations and j 

Gores therein men- [ David Badger. 

tioned (Adams, Chat- | 

ham, and Bartlett). J 

1813. — Ciass A, 1S12, save Chat- , 

ham, Adams, and { David Badger. 
Bartlett. ' 

1814. — Class A, 1813, J. Pendexter. 

1815. — Class A, 1813, J. Pendexter. 

1816. — Class A, 1812, Asa Eastman. 

1817. — Class A, 1812, J. Pendexter, Jr. 
1818. — Class A, 1813, Jonathan Meserve. 

State and < !ountt < >ffici \i.s. 

l.siii. — Class A, 1818, Jonathan (deserve. 
1830.— Class A, 1818, J. Pendexter, Jr. 
1821. ( lass \. 1818, Btophen Meserve. 

1823. Class A, 1818, Stephen Meserve. 
182 I. Class A, 1818, Stephen Meserve. 

1824. Class a. L818, Stephen Meserve. 

1825. i la-- a, 1818, Stephen Meserve. 
IS26. -Class Sl, 1813, J. Pendexter, Jr. 
ls-27. — < la-- a. 1818, Stephen Meserve. 
[828. Class A, 1818, Stephen Meserve. 

No classed towns In 1829 and 1830. 
1881. — Barton and Chatham, Samuel Dearing. 

Jackson and Bartlett, George P. Meserve. 
1832. Barton and Chatham, L. Richardson. 

Bartlett and Jackson, George P. Meserve. 
1883.— Albany and Chatham, David Allard, Jr. 
1834. \ Ibanj and Chatham, J. K. Eastman. 
isi.'i. — Aliian\ and Chatham, Samuel Dearing. 
1836. Albany and Chatham, Reuben Wyman. 
k:t. — a iiiany and ( lhatham, Samuel W . Merrill. 
1838.— Albany and Chatham, Reuben Wyman. 
1839.— Albany and Chatham, Samuel W. Merrill. 

i > in- l Perkins. 

1840. klban ind Clial 

1843. \ll.:in;. . ,i [>||t c , 


1879. -lari,-, ,n. Llvermi ,, , 

Han a Location. > 

1880 Bl Jacl and Llv- /,, , 

111 V, I 

1882 83 Albanj and Madison, Josian H. ii 

Mart- Location 

and Jackson. 

1884 85. — Albanj and Madison, Jan 

Jackson and Hart's / , .. , 

; .i B. Prlcl 

IS86 -7. Albanj and Madiaon, William Kennctl 

Jackson and 

Hart's Loca ' < mslow P. Oilman. 

tlon, etc. ' 

18S8-89. - Allium and I , . ...... 

Langdon M. Aiki. 
Madison. ' 

Ja< kson and Hart's / , „ .... 

e B. Perkins. 

Location. > 

Representatives in Congress. — Obed Hall, Bartlett, 1811; Benning M. 
Bean, Moultonborough, 1833-1837. 

State Councillors. — Samuel Quarles, Ossipee, 1814, 1815, 181<'» ; John M. 
Page, Tamworth, 1817, 1818, 1819; Richard Odell, Conway, 1820, 1821, L822; 
Daniel Hoit, Sandwich, 1825, 1826; Benning M. Bean, Moultonborough, 
L829; Richard Russell. Wakefield, 1832; Henry 15. Rust, Wolfeborough, 1840, 
1S41 ; John C. Young, Wolfeborough, 1846: Zebulon Pease, Freedom. I s 17. 
1848; Abel Haley, Tuftonborough, 1853, 1854; Thomas L. Whitton, Wolfe- 
borough, 1858, 1859 ; John W. Sanborn, Wakefield, 1863; John M. Bracket*, 
Wolfeborough, 1864, 1865; Ezra Gould, Sandwich, 1870 ; Alphonso 1 1. Hum. 
Wolfeborough, 1871 ; Moulton H. Marston, Sandwich, 18.75, l s 7i'<: Arthur L. 
Meserve, Bartlett, 1881, 1883. 

Presidents of Tin- Senate. — Benning M. Bean, Moultonborough, 1832; 
George W. M. Pitman, Bartlett. 1871 ; John W.Sanborn. Wakefield, 1875. 

State Senators. — Nathan Hoit, .Moultonborough. IT'.'T. 1798, 1790: 
Nathaniel Shannon. Moultonborough, 1805, 1806, 1807. 1808,1817, 1818; 
Samuel Quarles, Ossipee, 1810,1811,1812; Daniel Hoit, Sandwich, 1820, 1821, 
1822, 1823; Benning M. Bean, Moultonborough, 1824, 1825, 1826, 1831 ; Ezekiel 
Wentworth, Ossipee, 1829,1830; Henry B. Rust, Wolfeborough, L830 ; Jona- 
than T. ('has.-. Conway, 1835, 1836; Neal McGaffey, Sandwich, 1837, 1- 
Zebulon Pease, Freedom. 1843, L844; Artemas Harmon, Eaton, 1846; Abel 
Haley, Tuftonborough, 1850, 1851 ; Joseph Pitman, Bartlett, 1851 ; Obed Hall, 
Tamworth, 1854, 1856; Larkin I). Mason, Tamworth, 1855 ; Samuel Emerson, 
Moultonborough, L859; W. II. II. Mason. Moultonborough, L865 ; Edwin 
Pease, Conway, 1868; Ezra Gould, Sandwich, 1869; G. W. M. Pitman, 
Bartlett. 1870, 1871; Otis O. Hatch, Tamworth. 1873: John W. Sanborn, 
Wakefield. 1874, 1875; Levi T. Haley, Wolfeborough, 1883; Asa M. Bracket*, 
Wakefield, 1885; Lycurgus Pitman, Conway, l vx 7. 

History of Carroll County. 

Justices of Court of Sessions. — John Pendexter, Bartlett, C. J., 1820; 
Samuel Quarles, Ossipee, 1821, 18^2; Samuel Quarles, Ossipee, and John M. 
Page, Tamworth, L823; Samuel Quarles, C. J., Ossipee, and John M. Page, 
Tamworth, L825. 

Justices of Court of Common Pleas. — John Pendexter, Jr, Bartlett, 1833, 
L842; (Firsl District) Samuel Quarles, Ossipee, 1821. [Henry B. Rust, 
Wolfeborough, Strafford county.] 

n ni ii Justices. Court of Common Pleas. — Obed Hall, Bartlett, 1805; 
Nathan Hoit, Moultonborough, 1809, 1810, 1811; Silas Meserve, Bartlett, 1811 ; 
Nathaniel Rogers, Wolfeborough, and John Crocker, Eaton, 1841, 1842; 
Nathaniel Rogers and Thomas P. Drake, Effingham, 1843, 1844, 1845, 1846; 
Thomas Rust, Wolfeborough, and Thomas P. Drake, 1847, 1848, 1849, 1850, 
L851, L852, 1853, 1854. 

Clerks of Superior Court and Court of Common Pleas. — Francis R. 
Chase, Conway, 1841, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1845, 1846, 1847, 1848. 

Clerk of Superior Court, — Francis R. Chase, 1849, 1850, 1851, 1852, 1853, 
L854, 1855. 

Clerks of Supreme Court. — William M. Weed, Sandwich, 1856 to 1874; 
William A. Heard, Sandwich, 1874 to 1887 ; Aldo M. Rumery, Ossipee, 1887, 
present incumbent. 

Judges of Probate, — Henry Rust, Wolfeborough (Strafford county), 1773 ; 
Ebenezer L. Hall, Bartlett (Coos county), 1811 ; Jonathan T. Chase, Conway, 
1841 to 1856; Joel Eastman, Conway, 1856 to 1868; Larkin D. Mason, Tam- 
worth, 1868 to 1874. G. W. M. Pitman, Bartlett, 1874 to 1876; Larkin D. 
Mason, Tamworth, 1876 to 1880; David H. Hill, Sandwich, 1880, present 

Registers of Probate, — Obed Hall, Tamworth, 1840 to 1851 ; Sanborn B. 
Carter. Ossipee, 1851 to 1856; Daniel G. Beede, Sandwich, 1856 to 1872; 
C. W. Wilder, Conway, 1872 to 1876 ; Samuel B. Wiggin, Sandwich, 1876 to 
1879; Jeremiah A. Farriugton, Conway, 1879 to 1883; J. C. L. Wood, Con- 
way, L883 to 1885; Edgar Weeks, Ossipee, 1885 to 1887; Dana J. Brown, 
1887, present incumbent. 

Registers of Deeds. — Isaac Thurston (appointed) served from February 15, 
to A | nil 20, 1841 ; Joseph Wentworth, Sandwich, 1841,1842; Loammi Hardy, 
Wolfeborough, 1843, 1844, 1845, 1846, 1847, 1848, 1849, 1850, 1851, 1852, 
L853, 1854, 1855, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1859, 1860, 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865, 
Is.;,;, L867, L868, L869, 1870, 1871,1872, 1873; Sanborn B.Carter, Ossipee, 
L874, L875, 1876, 1877, 1878, 1879, 1880; Aldo M. Rumery, Ossipee, 1881, 
L882, 1883, 1884, 1885, 1886, 1887; James O. Gerry, Ossipee, 1887, present 

Treasurers. — George P. Meserve, Jackson, 1839, 1840 ; John P. Pitman, 
Bartlett, 1840, 1841, 1842, 1843, 1844; Zebulon Pease, Freedom, 1841, 1842; 

State and Coi n r\ < >fficj \i.s. 

Brackett Wiggin, Ossipee, L843, L844; Joshua N. C'ate, Brooktield, l 
1846; Dudley Pike, Brookfield, isiT. L848; Moulton II. Marstou, Sand 
1849, L850; Stephen W. Perkins, Eaton, L851, L852; I. .i,,,,,. 

1853,1854,1855; Daniel Brackett, Wakefield, L856; \. ..,,•, <;. Smith, Tam- 
worth, is.')?, 1858; Moses Merrill, Ossipee, 1859, I860; John <i. Robi 
Tamworth, 1861, 1862; Benjamin .M. Mason. Moultonborough, 1863, 1864; 
Alvin M. Davis. Freedom, 1865, 1866; Thomas Nute, Ossipee, 1867, I 

1869; Jacob Manson, ( >ssipee, 1870, 1871; Joseph W. G Iwin, W 

borough, 1872, 1873; John Haley, Tuftonborough, 1874, 1875; Joseph Q. 
Roles, Ossipee, 1876, 1877, 1878 ; Charles W. Fall, Ossipee, 1-7'.'. 1880, 1881, 
1882,1883; Henry W. Furber, Wolfeborough, 1883, 1884, 1885, 1886, 1887; 
George I. Philbrick, Freedom, 1887, present incumbent. 

Solicitors. — Zachariah Batchelder, Wolfeborough, 1841, 1842, 1843, 1844, 
1845; Sanborn B. Carter. Ossipee, 1846, 1847, is 18. 1849, L850; Samuel 
Emerson, Moultonborough, 1851,1852, 1853, 1854, 1855; Luther I). Sawyer, 
Ossipee. 1856, 1857, 1858, 1859, I860: Charles Chesley, Wakefield, 1861, 1862, 
1863; Josiah II. Hobbs, Madison, 1864, 1865, 1866, 1867, 1868, L869, 1870, 
1871, 1872, 1873; Oliff C. Moulton, Ossipee. 1874, 187.7: Buel C. Carter, 
Wolfeborough, 1876, 1877; Paul Wentworth, Sandwich, 1877, 1878, 1-7'.'. 
1880; John B. Nash, Conway, 1881, 1882, 1883, 1884: Frederick B. Osgood, 
Conway, 1885, 1886, 1887, 1888; Paul Wentworth, 1889, present incumbent. 

Sheriffs. — Obed Hall, Bartlett, 1812; George P. Meserve, Jackson, 1839, 
1840, 1841 : James Garvin, Wakefield, 1841, 1842. 1843, 1844, 1845; Jonathan 
Wedgewood, Effingham, 1846, 1847, 1848, 1849, 1850; Joseph Wei, i worth. 
Sandwich, 1851, 1852, 1853, 1854, 1855; Enoch Remick, Tamworth. 1856, 
1857,1858,1859,1860; Charles H. Parker, Wolfeborough, 1861, 1862, 1863, 
1864; Leavitt H. Eastman, Conway, 1865, 1866, 1867, 1868, 1869, 1870, 1871, 
1-72. 1873; Levi T. Haley, Wolfeborough, 1874, 1875; John Demeritt, Effing- 
ham, 1876, 1877, 1878; Levi T. Haley, Wolfeborough, 1879, 1880, 1882 to July 
1,1883; Andrew J. Milliken, Wakefield, 1883, 1884, 1885, 1886, 1887, 1888, 
1 889, present incumbent. 

Coi:ntv Commissioners. — G. W. M. Pitman (Bartlett), John X. Lord 
(Freedom), Augustine D.Avery (Wolfeborough), 1856, 1857; John N. Lord. 
(.. W. M. Pitman, Charles Nowell (Wolfeborough), 1858; G. W. M. Pitman, 
Charles Nowell, Arthur ('. Quimby (Sandwich). 1859; Charles Nowell, 
Arthur C. Quimby, Christopher W. Wilder (Conway), I860; A. I . Quimby, 
C. W. Wilder. Joseph Q. Roles (Ossipee), 1861 ; C. W. Wilder. J. Q. I: 
Ebenezer Garvin (Wakefield), 1862; J. Q. Holes. E. Garvin, Cyrus K. Drake 
(Effingham), 1863; E. Garvin, C. K Drake. Joseph E. Perkins (Eaton), 
1864; Philip D. Blaisdell (Tuftonborough), C. K. Drake. J. E. Perkins, i 
P. 1). Blaisdell, J?E. Perkins. Joseph B. Trickey (Jackson,. I860; P. D. 
Blaisdell. J. B. Trickey, Alphonzo II. Lust (Wolfeborough), 186-1 ; Joseph B. 

History of Carroll County. 

Trickey, A. II. Rust, Bennett 1'. Strout (Conway), 1868; A. H. Rust, B. P. 
Strout, Joseph Pitman, Jr (Bartlett), 1869; B. P. Strout, J. Pitman, Jr, John 
M. Emerson (Moultonborough), 1870; J. Pitman, Jr, J. M. Emerson, Her- 
bert F. Stevens (Wakefield), 1871; J. M. Emerson, H. F. Stevens, George 
!•'. Lord ( Freedom), L872, L873; G. F. Lord, Silas Snow (Eaton), Asa Chan- 
dler (Chatham), 1874; Jonathan VV. Sanborn (Brookfield), S. Snow, A. 
Chandler, 1875; A. Chandler, J. W. Sanborn, Arthur L. Meserve (Bartlett), 
L876; A. Chandler, J. W. Sanborn, A. E. Meserve, 1877; A. L. Meserve, 
John II. Plumer (Sandwich), Charles H. Osgood (Conway), 1878; Hezekiah 
Wilhmd (Wolfeborough), J. H. Plumer, C. H. Osgood, 1879; H. Willand, 
J. H. Plumer, C. H. Osgood, 1880; Jacob Manson (Ossipee), Lowell Ham 
(Tamworth), James O. (Jerry (Madison), 1881 to July, 1883; John F. Fox 
(Tuftonborough), Edwin F. Brown (Moultonborough), John Hodge (Jack- 
son), 1883 to 188") ; Jeremiah A. Farrington (Conway), Alfred Brown (Wolfe- 
borough), Robert H. Pike (Wakefield), 1885 to 1887; R. H. Pike, Edwin 
Snow (Eaton), Walter A. Sherburne (Wolfeborough), 1887 to 1889; Edwin 
Snow, \V. A. Sherburne, Samuel G. Wentworth (Moultonborough), 1889 
to 1*91. 



History of the Courts — The Superior Court of Judicature — The Inferior Court of 
< lommou Picas — The Court of General Sessions of the Peace — Probate Court — Trial Terms 
— Court-House — County Farm, House, and Jail. 

JISTORY of the Courts. — Previous to 1770 the whole of New 
Hampshire, for all financial and judicial purposes, was a single court. 
r All business of a public nature was transacted at Portsmouth, Exeter, 

and Dover; and the bulk of it at Portsmouth, which had a population of 
over four thousand, was the residence of the royal executive officers, and 
practically the provincial capital. As the province increased in population, 
other and smaller political divisions, with suitable courts, were demanded by 
the people. John Wentworth, the second of that name, was appointed 
governor in 1767, and one of his first measures considered the formation 
of various counties in the province, and the creation of a judicial system 
of adequate proportions. The matter was debated in several sessions of the 
assembly, favored by the governor as calculated to develop the province 
/;l " objed to which he devoted all his energies), and opposed by the 

( JOTJRTS AND ( lOUNTY I'.i il in 

residents of the three principal towns and contiguous country, with tin 
thai it would increase the provincial expenses without corresponding 
fcages. The discussion was 1 i 1 1 : 1 1 1 \ ended by a division of the province into 
five counties, with an ample judiciary system. The acl constituting 
took effect in the spring of 1771, and was entitled " An Acl for dividing the 
Province into Counties, and for the more easy administration of Justice." 
This act created three courts of justice the Superior Courl of Judicature 
the Inferior Court of Common Pleas, and the Court of General Sessio 

The Superior Court of Judicature had cognizance of all questions of law 
and divorce, and finally was clothed with equity powers, and was intended 
as the supreme tribunal of the province. It existed until L813, when the 
Federalists, then in power in the state, to get rid of politically obnoxious 
judges, abolished it, and erected the Superior -Judicial Court, which was over- 
turned in 18K! by the Democratic Republicans, and the Superior Courl of 
Judicature reerected. No attempt was made to interfere with this courl of lasl 
resort until 1855, when, under the brief term of power of the "Know-Noth- 
ing" party, il was again abolished and the Supreme .Judicial Courl re-created. 
This was superseded in 1874 by the Superior Court of .Judicature, which 
continued in being- until 1876, when it was succeeded by the presenl Supreme 
Court. It would appear that the legislature could, constitutionally, get rid of 
obnoxious judges by changing the name and some of the minor functions of 
a court : and the great height to which partisanship has been carried has 
almost caused tins court to be a mere shuttlecock in the hands of the 

The Inferior Court of Common Pleas was the court for the disposition and 
settlement of all ordinary controversies. It continued in existence under the 
name first given it, and the Court of Common Pleas, from 1771 until L859, 
except for five years, from 1820 to 1825, when it was discontinued. In 1859 it 
was abolished and its business transferred to the Supreme Judicial (dun. It 
was again revived in 1874, and after two years' existence its business was 
handed over to the Supreme Court. 

The Court of General Sessions of the Peace had for its judges all the 
justices in commission of the county. It had a limited jurisdiction in criminal 
complaints and was accompanied by a grand and petit jury. It had the entire 
control of the financial affairs of the county. The number of justices com- 
posing the court depended on the number in commission, sometimes more. 
sometimes less, and the law did not require the justice to reside in the county 
tor which he was commissioned, and it was a matter of choice with the justices 
as to how many should sit at any particular term. It was a cumbersome and 
unwieldly institution, and in 1 7*. >4 its functions were given to the < ourt ol 
Common Pleas; some of the judges of the last court, called side ju 
attending to financial and special committees formed to la\ out highway-. In 

240 History of Carroll County. 

I 855 a board of county commissioners was created to act with the court in 
conducting the financial matters of the county and in laying out highways. 
By tlif organization of this board the services of side judges were dispensed 

The sessions docket, now a branch of the business of the general term of 
the Supreme Court, but formerly of the Common Pleas, is all that now remains 
of the Court of General Sessions of the Peace, and treats only of entries for 
the laying out of highways. 

Probate Court. —This has jurisdiction of the probate of wills, of granting 
administrations, and of all matters and things of probate jurisdiction relating 
to the sale, sett lenient, and final distribution of the estates of deceased persons. 

I I has original jurisdiction in relation to the adoption of children, assignments 
dt' dower and homesteads in estate of deceased persons, in the appointment and 
removal of guardians of minors, insane persons, spendthrifts, together with 
other powers unnecessary to mention. It has been also a court of insolvency 
for some years. 

The Trial Terms for the County of Carroll are held at Ossipee on the third 
Tuesday of each April and October. 

The Probate Court is held at Conway on the first Tuesday of January, May, 
and September; at West Ossipee on first Tuesday of February, June, and 
October: at Ossipee Corner on first Tuesday of March, July, and November; 
at Wolfboro Junction on first Tuesday of April, August, and December. 

Court-House. — In 1839 the northern part of Strafford county had 
attained such importance and had so much business in the courts that the 
county delegation of that year decided to build a court-house in that section 
and hold regular terms of court there. This action occurred on Saturday, and 
the delegation adjourned to meet for further consideration of the subject on 
Monday afternoon at four o'clock. Ossipee was represented in this delegation 
by a keen, far-seeing man of great executive ability, Asa Beaeham, who at 
once saw that the town who could present the most liberal offer on Monday 
would be the one most likely to secure the location. Immediately he started 
for Ossipee (a long ride by private eonve3 r ance), and as the county delegation 
was going up the steps to meet on Monday, joined them. The question of the 
location came up, and Mr Beaeham handed to the chairman a subscription list 
of 1850 seen led by him during his brief visit home. This was to be applied 
toward the building of the court-house if it was located in Ossipee. No other 
town had any proposition to make, and Mr Beaeham succeeded in getting the 
location. The building was at once built, in season for the April, 1840, term 
of Strafford county court of common pleas which was held there. Carroll 
county was created in that year, and had a court-house already provided upon 
its organization. Thus did Ossipee become the county-seat through the energy 
of Mr Beaeham and the public spirit of Judge Quarles and other citizens. 

('OUKTS AND ( <>l NT\ I'.l ll.m ._. , , 

The court-house is sixty-four by forty feel in u e, and two stories high 
mounted by a belfry of appropriate heighl containing a bell. A brick wing 
twelve feel square and two stories in height was built in L856, making twi 
proof rooms for the preservation of records, etc. At the same time the house 

was raised and remodeled. Iii L887 a similar wing was buill on the other side 
of the house. The building now contains a court-room forty-five by forty feet, 
offices for the registers of deeds and probate, clerk of the court, county clerk, 
and county commissioners, and four capacious and safe depositories of county 
and other documents. 

Counts Farm, House, and Jail. — In 18b M .i the county commission! 
on behalf of the county purchased two farms containing two hundred and fifty 
a.ics of Land in Ossipee for a county farm. The farms were aboul one mile 
from Ossipee station in a tine, commanding situation, of excellent soil, and the 
commissioners could not have equaled the advantages here presented in an\ 
other part of the county. The citizens of Ossipee contributed about one 
thousand of the live thousand five hundred dollars purchase money. 

In 1*70 the house was erected substantially as it is at present. The main 
part is sixty by thirty-four feet in size, with practically three stories; the L 
part seventy by thirty-six feet, three stories high: the woodshed sixty b\ 
twenty feet, two stories high, the upper one fitted up as ;i ward for insane 
inmates. The work was well done and the house well planned for its purpose. 

One of the finest barns in the northern pari of the state was built on this 
farm in 1874 at a cost of six thousand dollars. It was one hundred and twenty 
feet long, forty-live wide, with a cellar costing one thousand dollars. This was 
burned December 15, 1884, by an Indian boy of eleven years, who having 
obtained a match set fire to the hay in front of the cattle to see them jump. 
The barn was consumed with twenty cattle and other property amounting to 
three thousand dollars. Another barn was built in 1885. This was our 
hundred feet long and forty-five feet wide, and cost three thousand two 
hundred dollars. 

In L871 a jail thirty-six: by fourteen feet in size, with four double cells, was 
built as an annex to the county house. The superintendent is the jailer. 

Fifty acres have been added to the farm since the original purchase. The 
institution has accommodations for eighty persons; the average number of 
inmates for the last years has been sixty. There has been a great increase in 
the number of insane in recent years : there are now twenty cases among the 
inmates, ten of them incurable. 

The superintendents have been Thomas Xute, one year: Sias M. Giles, 
three years (died in office) ; Jacob Manson, three years; Porter Philbrick, three 
years; W. A. Sherburne, three years; Jacob Manson from L884. 

242 History of Carroll County. 


COURTS, lawyers, and notable trials. 


The night of oblivion so quickly throws into obscurity the lame and merits, the talents and worth, and 
especially the individual characteristics of lawyers, — most of whom possess some marked peculiarity worthy 
of remembrance, that 1 think every one must be pleased with this design. — Colonel Thomas J. Whipple. 

SCARCELY ;t half-century has passed since the political creation of Carroll 
county; ye1 in that brief space, so short in the great sweep of ages, 
so vast in the history of two generations, much has transpired that should 
not be forgotten, and many men of marked personality have been notable 
actors on the scene, whose memory should be preserved for the generations to 
come. Their molding fingers have shaped the institutions of the state ; their 
wisdom is impressed upon its legal lore ; and their penetrating voices have 
been heard above the uproar of an exciting age. When a later generation 
shall take the places of those now living, or recently dead, and gather "ripe 
clusters of wisdom from their experience," they will have gone to mingle with 
things mysterious and eternal, like birds of passage, the stridor of whose great 
wings breaks for a moment the sky's deep silence; then pass to the unseen, 
unknown, and unheard "in realms beyond our sphere." In some degree it is 
hoped the purpose of these brief sketches may be accomplished by preserving, 
as truthfully as may be, some pictures of these stern, material men, whose 
names were, or even now are, household words on the lips of many. 

By an act of the legislature of 1839, the court of common pleas was to be 
held at Ossipee, annually, on the third Tuesday of April, in and for the county 
of Strafford, but it was provided that "no grand jury should ever attend, or be 
drawn or summoned to attend, the term of said court already established." At 
the April term of this court, in 1840, the eminent jurist, John James Gilchrist, 
was the presiding judge; Thomas Drake, of Effingham, and Nathaniel Rogers, 
of Wolfeborough, were side judges ; Francis R. Chase was clerk, and Jonathan 
Wedgewood, of Effingham, high sheriff. On those cases so entered, or perhaps 
transferred from the old Strafford docket, appear the names of forty-seven 
lawyers, among whom were men very eminent in after years. Three at least 
became judges of the highest court in the state; three became United States 

ttors; one became minister to the court of Spain; one a justice of the 
United States Supreme Court: and one a President of the United States. 

Of those who have passed their active lives in the county we shall speak 
more fully than of those who were born here but who made their reputations in 

Courts, Lawyers, am. Notable Tria 

other states and counties ; and we hope so to presenl them thai thej may 
momenl step from the halls of their mysterious silence thai the world 
once more on them in their manliness, their dignity, their 

austerity, ami their genialitj . 

When the writer of these sketches was admitted to the practice of law in 
L865, in April, the \vn day thai the funeral observances in honor of Abraham 
Lincoln were taking place, the members of the Carroll bar were nearly all i 
men. Among them were Samuel Emerson,Ira Bean, Obed Hall, Joel Eastman, 
Josiah Dearborn, Zachariah Batchelder, Luther I). Sawyer, Sanborn l'». Carter, 
and Edwin Tease — all gone " into the Silent land/' their eyes forever closed 
on the great lights of the material universe. 

Famous Lawyers. — In addition to the resident lawyers who constantly 
practised in the county, it can hardly he amiss to speak of those in other coun- 
ties who have occasionally practised in this county court. The eleganl and 
genial and courtly Franklin Pierce; the massive Christie, who was the worthy 
rival of the professional giants of New England : the melodious and persuasive 
James Hell : John P. Male, whose marvelous tact was ever present, and who. 
when occasion demanded, could "soar to the gates of light"; Nathan Clifford, 
a ponderous volume of learning; and many others of equal distinction whose 
names should be written in this book. We scarcely dare speak of them, for with 
many we had little or no personal acquaintance, and only knew them by tradi- 
tion and their recorded contributions to the legal lore of the state. Nor must 
we omit the attorneys-general of the state who, by virtue of their office, have 
been [tartly ours. Distinguished among these were Lyman B. Walker. John 
Sullivan, the two ('larks, William ('. and Lewis \V.. Mason W. Tapp an. and 
the present official, Daniel Barnard. These men form a legal constellation to 
which we ever turn with reverence and gratitude. 

Hut there is still another class without a review of whom this work would 
be incomplete: those lawyers, now living or hut recently deceased, from other 
counties who have shared with us the labors ami responsibilities of the bar. 
Among these we would name Colonel Thomas .1. Whipple, one of the most 
brilliant men in the state, and, in force of originality, the most wonderful man 
we ever saw; Samuel M. Wheeler, of whom Jeremiah Smith said "no man so 
well understood the human nature of the average juror*': George W. Stevens, 
a man of apparently sluggish temperament, but who, when his lifeblood was 
stirred, assumed tremendous proportions: Ellery A. Ilihhard. who worked like 
the forces of gravitation, calmly and dispassionately, hut always eff 
William J. Copeland, a master in the ait of cross-examination; Joseph II. 
Worcester and Charles B. Gafney, representatives of one of the strongest law 
firms in the state ; James A. Edgerly, Thomas .1. Smith, and many otl 

Samuel Emerson, son of John Emerson, was born February 4, 1792. He 
was educated at Atkinson academy, and was graduated from Dartmouth in 

244 History of Carroll County. 

l s 14. lit- read law with Kent & Chester, practised in Sandwich about two 
pears, and afterwards removed to Moultonborough, where he passed the 
remainder of his life and married Mary Moulton, daughter of a merchant 
there. .Mr Emerson was county solicitor for some years, and state senator 
from distrid No. 6 in 1859. He was a brother of Rev. John Emerson, once a 
missionary to the Sandwich Islands. 

As a lawyer, Mr Emerson was in the front rank in Carroll county. He 
made .Moultonborough the common centre where legal advice was given for 
Moultonborough, Sandwich, Tuftonborough, Centre Harbor, and some other 
towns, and as a counselor he took high rank. He also prepared his cases with 
great diligence and was especially acute as a special pleader. He did not excel 
as an advocate. He believed so fully in his client and his interests that he 
presumed that the jury would have equal faith in them. Estimating Mr 
Emerson as a whole, he may justly be accorded a high place among lawyers in 
the county, and even in the state. His practice was very large up to 1860. 

James Otis Freeman was born at Coventry, Conn., September 22, 1772, 
and died at Sandwich, March 30, 1815. He was graduated from Dartmouth 
College in 1797, and practised law in Sandwich and Moultonborough. Next to 
Joseph Tilton he was probably the earliest of the Carroll county lawyers. 
Seventy-four years have passed since his death, and the generation with whom 
he lived has gone from the earth, hence it is not easy to learn very fully of his 
personal and professional character. Only tradition has preserved the generally 
accepted fact that he was a man of great professional brilliance, who, under 
more favorable circumstances, might have been a great leader in his profession. 
Samuel Peabody was born in 1775, and was graduated at Dartmouth 
College in 1803. Daniel and Ezekiel Webster were in college during a part of 
his course. He commenced the practice of law in Sandwich at what is now 
generally called the Lower Corner about 1807. He subsequently moved to 
Tamworth and afterwards to Massachusetts. He died in 1859. He was a 
lawyer of -nod attainments, and many tributes from the press of New Hamp- 
shire and Massachusetts gave utterance to the high estimation in which he was 
held. Of his snns, one is a distinguished physician in San Francisco. 

Judge Charles Augustus Peabody, son of Samuel Peabody, was born 
in Sandwich, July 10, 1814. He became, and still is, a very eminent man. He 
has won an enviable reputation as judge in the highest courts in New York, 
and has in addition that strength and dignity of character that always accom- 
panies an extensive inlluence. His legal learning has contributed much to the 
judicial hire of his adopted state, and he is a man of whom Carroll county is 
justly proud. 

Ira A. Bean was born not far from 1799. He married Eliza, daughter of 
General Daniel ffoit, of Sandwich, and practised his profession, the law, there 
for several years. He then removed to Ohio, and continued for many years in 

■ .■ 


( OTJRTS, LAWYERS, \M> \<>r \i:|.i: Tin \ 

the practice of law, and was also in political Life, and was at one time n member 
of the Ohio senate. About L856 he returned to Sandwich, pursued his pi 
sion and engaged in farming until aboul L869 or L870, when lie again went to 
Ohio, where he suddenly died. Mr Bean was a member of the New Hampshire 
house of representatives in l s >'>> and L867, and on the judiciary committee. 
He was a read} debater. As a lawyer he held a respectable rank, bul his chief 
strength was as an advocate. Me was a idear. sharp, and incisive speaker. 
Lawyer Everett practised in Sandwich a few years noi far from I s !''. to 

I s-JO. He then went to Meredith. He is remembered only by il Ide'sl 

people, lmt is regarded as having been a man of much ability. Lawyer Gran! 
was also in Sandwich a short time about 1820. 

ROBERT TlBBETS BLAZO was born AugUSl 11. IT'.'T. After he attained 

his majority, he attended academies and fitted lor college at Wolfeborough. 
Iii 1825 he entered the office of Emerson & Hoyt, studied law. and was 
admitted to practice in L830, and pursued his profession four jrears at Moulton- 
borough and live years at Sandwich Centre, then removed to Parsonsfield, 
Maine, where he has continued to practise, and is now (Iss'.yi the oldest 
member of the York county bar. He unites strong business qualities with 
his Legal attainments. 

William McGaffey Weed, 1 son of William and Rebecca (Foss) Weed, 
was horn at North Sandwich, July 29, 1814. 

Jonas Weed was the first American emigrant, and came in the fleet of 
lt>3<>, probably in the ship with Sir Richard Saltonstall. 

The ancestors of William M. Weed were prominently connected with the 
early settlement and development of what is now Belknap and Carroll coun- 
ties. In IT'il the first cart-path was made from Epsom to the Gilmanton line, 
and among the men who cut it was Orlando Weed. January 10. 1762, he 
brought his wife to Gilmanton, his being one of the three lirst families settling 
there. This was a winter of fearful severity, snow lying nearly six feet on a 
level. The first birth in Gilmanton was that of his daughter Dorothy, born 
October 13, 1762. 

Mr Weed became the settling agent of the proprietors of Sandwich, as 
narrated elsewhere, but soon after pitching here he discovered iron ore in 
Burton, and removed thither, as he was a machinist and saw prospective 
wealth in developing the mineral resources, lie erected a rude smithy and 
succeeded in producing a coarse steel out of which he made good springs 
traps. His first work was to forge an anvil, and then to construe! the tools he 
needed. Tradition says that lie also forged anchors which lie drew to Ports- 
mouth over the rough roads on a ear made of two poles. He was prominent in 
all town matters, filled responsible positions, and died in Albany at more than 
ninety years of age. His sons Henry and Bagley remained in Sandwich. 

1 I5y w. A. FerguBson. 

246 History of Carroll County. 

Bagley was one of the first to locate in the east part of the town. Henry was 
agent for his father in his granted lands. He located on the Giles L. Moulton 
place, was a millwright by trade, and built the first mill in town on the outlet 
of Little pond. This was to grind corn, and the pendle-stock running into the 
pond was made of the then abundant clear white-pine, and is now quite well 
preserved. Henry had among his children, Henry, 2d, born 1751, Elisha, 
Susanna, Phebe, Jacob. Henry Weed, 2d, became the owner of one or two 
lots of land and erected the first mill on the privilege since known as Weed's 
Mills. This was a combined carding and grist mill and an old-fashioned up-and- 
down sawmill. A brisk village soon sprang up under his operations here, which 
freshets, Moods, and the changed conditions of business long ago obliterated. 
Some kind of a mill has most of the time occupied his first location. In 
connection with his son William he constructed mills in various parts of the 
state, continuing, however, his residence at Weed's Mills, where he died 
January 24, 1821. He was prospered in business, a Congregationalist in 
religion, and a Federalist in politics. His wife was an Eastman, and they 
had Hannah, Sally < married Roby French), Phebe (married a Drake), William, 

Henry succeeded to the mill property, while William became possessed of 
the farm originally cleared by his father, lying about one mile south of the 
Mills, near the Freewill Baptist Church and now owned by W. M. Weed. 

William Weed was born on this farm October 22, 1774. He became noted 
as a machinist and millwright, and from early life was engaged in mill-building 
in various places in this state and Vermont. He married, March 19, 1801, 
Rebecca, daughter of Jacob and Margaret (McClary) Foss. She was born 
November 15, 1775. Their children were Hannah, Melinda, Jacob (who lived 
on the ancestral farm until his death), Harvey M., William M., ({race E. Mr 
Weed was never a public man, his business preventing his acceptance of 
political or public office. He was a strong Congregationalist, and one of the 
founders of the pioneer temperance society of America — the Washingtonian. 
He died January 5, 1864, aged eighty-nine, surviving his wife fifteen years. 

William M. Weed attended Gilmanton academy and the classical depart- 
ment of New Hampton Institution, but as his health failed he relincpuished col- 
lege aspirations. For some years he taught district and high schools. In 1886 
he went into merchandising in the Daniel Little store at Sandwich Lower 
( Diner, and in 1845 built a brick store near by. He was in trade fifteen years, 
and has always resided here. Public-spirited and active, no man in Sandwich 
has been more often or more continuously in office. He was inspector of the 
Seventh Brigade New Hampshire Militia, with rank of major on the staff of 
General Nathaniel B. Iloit in 1843 and 1S44 : in 1846 and 1847, engrossing 
clerk of the state legislature and one of the selectmen of Sandwich; in 1846, 
commissioned colonel on the staff of Governor Anthony Colby; in 1853, chair- 

Courts, Lawyers, and Notable Tru 24' 

man of the board of selectmen; in L854, L855, L867, . - 
is?:!. L876, and L877, he represented Sandwich in the legislature; in I85i 
a delegate a1 large bo the Republican national convention al Philadelphia which 
nominated John C. Premonl for President; April. L856, received the api 
menta of clerk of the court of common pleas and clerk of the supreme 
judicial court, which offices he held until October, L874; in L857, L858, 1859 
and L860 he was moderator of the annual town meeting; in l^til he was 
chosen overseer of the poor, agenl to pay aid-money to the families of soldiers 
in the civil war. and agent to fill the quota of the town for soldiers under tin- 
calls of the President for troops, and was continued in these offices until the 
close of the war. October 7. L862, he was commissioned lieutenant-coloi 
the Fifteenth Regiment New Hampshire Volunteers; in 1871 he was a commis- 
sioner to reimburse the towns of the state for bounties paid for soldiers. Whig 
and Republican in politics, he was one of the state central committee from 
1s4.~> to 1 s ~t), and was absent from only three meetings in all those years. 

In connection with his other numerous duties he had commenced the study 
of law with Samuel Emerson in 1848, and in October, L874, was admitted to 
the bar. Since he became a voter, Colonel Weed has given much attention to 
town matters and lias been absent from annual and fall meetings but twice, and 
then was detained by illness. He has ever been one of the town's most pros- 
perous and leading citizens, while in private and social life he has won perma- 
nent and numerous friends. Like his ancestors, he is a Congregationalist and 
a liberal supporter of the faith. 

Colonel Weed married in 1850 Eliza N., daughter of Elisha Hanson, then a 
prominent citizen and merchant of Sandwich. Mrs Weed is a pleasant and 
intelligent lady. Their children were Herbert l'\. educated at Andover and 
Phillips Exeter academies, and Clara Belle, a most promising young lad\ who, 
after rapid educational progress for four years in the seminaries of West Leba- 
non and Bradford, Mass.. died at the age of nineteen years. 

Nathaniel Quimby, born about 18ul, in Sandwich, was son of Enoch 
Quimby and brother of the well-known John S. Quimby, who died in Sand- 
wich about 18o3 or 1854. He studied law in Sandwich with Samuel 
Peabody part of the time, it is believed. He never practised in the town, 
and removed so long ago that the generation that knew him as a Sandwich man 
has passed away. He was a man of culture and ability. 

A.ARON BEEDE IIoyt, born in Ossipee in 1802, was graduated from Dart- 
month ( 'ollege in 1822. He appears to have once been a law partner with I Ion. 
Samuel Emerson at Sandwich, but abandoned law in early life and became a 
teacher. He was a scholar of vast acquirements in the varied fields ot learning, 
and look rank in this respect much higher than in the law. which he never liked. 
(See Sandwich. ) 

Neal McGafpey was son of Samuel McGaffey, and grandson of John 

2 1 8 History of Carroll County. 

McGaffey, an ancient resident of North Sandwich, whose title-deeds are dated 
in 1780. He was also brother of Eliphalet and Josiah McGaffey, who lived and 
died in the Whiteface neighborhood, and an uncle of John McGaffey, of Chicago. 
He removed from Sandwich in early life and became a successful lawyer in Ohio, 
afterwards in Michigan and Texas. 

John McGaffey was born in Sandwich, April 20, 1833, went to Ohio in 
1 853, married Louisa A., daughter of F. W. Pratt, Esq., April 1, 1855. lie read 
law with Hon. Richard A. Harrison, of London, Ohio, and was admitted to the 
bar in October, I860. He has been journalist and lawyer, and is now practising 
in Chicago. Of his children two sons and two daughters survive; the sons are 
practising lawyers in Chicago; the younger, Ernest, is rising in the higher walks 
of literature. His writings have attracted very considerable attention, but it is 
yet too early to fix his literary rank. He gives evidence of decided originality, 
and strikes poetic veins worthy "of the great days of old." 

John McGaffey has traveled extensively in his own country, has been .con- 
nected as editor or correspondent with several of the leading journals of the 
West. He is very happy in his domestic relations; his wife is a most estimable 
woman, and his children have attained such positions in society as to be equal 
to the best expectations of their father. His professional rank is gratifying, 
commanding the respect of the court and his legal brethren, as well for his legal 
abilities as for his social qualities. 

Lady Blessington once said to N. P. Willis: "Mr Willis, I receive letters 
very frequently from New England and other parts of America from strangers 
whose names I have never heard ; most affectionate letters, wherein they refer 
to some of my own writings in terms of greatest kindness, sometimes compli- 
menting me in most delicate language and apparently good faith, and they 
evince a knowledge of literature that astonishes me. What am I to make of 
this, Mr Willis? Are they sincere, or do they presume upon my vanity?" 
Mr Willis replied: "They are your sincere admirers, and this you would more 
easily perceive if you knew that in almost every village of New England, 
and scattered upon many of its farms, are persons of wonderful taste and 
culture who are familiar with all the great writers upon both continents, and 
with the leaders in literary society." Lady Blessington then said : "And do 
you believe, Mr Willis, that these are the people who write to me? To know 
this would be most gratifying." 

We introduce this conversation (a memory of something read a quarter of 
a century ago ), to say that such as the people above described were the father 
and mother of John McGaffey, common people with uncommon taste and 
culture. Mr McGaffey is a man of extensive reading and culture, and all 
that is beautiful, original, tender, stern, or mighty in language is written upon 
his soul and molds his very being. He is one whom Sandwich would welcome 
back to look once more upon her native majesty. 


Courts, Lawyers, am> Notable Trials. 249 

Judge David Hammonds Hill 1 is a native of Berwick, Maine, « 
he was born Dei-ember 1-, 1833. 

In L662 some of the sect, called Quakers ram,, from En land !< 
Here they met great persecution; they were invited to Kittery, wenl thither 
established their faith there, anil returned to Dover to undergo severer tribula- 
tions and cruelties than they had experience A before ; bul h\ their faithfuli 
endurance, and exemplary walk in life the} overcame opposition and built up 
a goodly people in New Hampshire and in Maine The ancestors of Judge 
Hill were of this faith, and possessed the plain, unostentatious, industrious, and 
sober characteristics of the Friends. His father, Oliver, was a farmer of fair 
education for his days, whose good judgment and strong common-sense caused 

him to stand high among his associates. He married Lucinda Han »nds of 

the somewhat distinguished Maine family of that name. When David was 
nearly four years old (1837) the family removed to Sandwich in this county 
and became permanent residents. 

David had early aspirations for knowledge, was fitted for college under 
private teachers and the academy at Wolfeborough, hut on account id ill-health 
did not enter college. In place of this he became a popular teacher in .Maine. 
New Hampshire, and Massachusetts for several years. Without at the time 
intending to become a lawyer, he read law with Samuel M. Wheeler and 
Joshua G. Hall, of Dover. As he progressed, he was more and more inter- 
ested in the profession, decided to devote himself to its practice, and supple- 
mented his studies with the advantages of Harvard Law School. He was 
admitted to the bar at the April term of court at Ossipee in 1865, opened an 
office at his home, Centre Sandwich, and has since been in active practice. He 
has been no noisy or cunning pettifogger seeking to profit in pocket or reputa- 
tion by the disputes of the people, no stirrer up of strifes, but one who remem- 
bered that the peacemakers are blessed. He is not a student of commentaries 
and reports, and delves not in the realm of must} and timeworn statutes, but 
he quickly seizes upon the strong points of a case, carries them in his mind, 
takes time for deliberation and reflection, and by an intuitive comprehension of 
the underlying principles of justice, is able to arrange his ease so that it will 
hang upon a few hinges fastened upon the eternal verities of truth. Thus in 
his presentation of a case he is original, strong, and sagacious, and has con- 
ducted important causes to success. He is regarded as a safe ami sensible 
counselor and a sound lawyer of eminent integrity. 

In 1*70-71 he was representative to the legislature from Sandwich and 
served on two important committees^ that of the judiciary, and a special 
committee to investigate the affairs of the Concord and Northern railroads, and 
from his convictions wis forced to submit a minority report on the latter, in 
Opposition to all but two of his colleagues, and to support his report in the 

•By W. A. Fergus Son. 

250 History or Carroll County. 

house. He was beaten in that body, but the senate sustained him by a vote 
of eight to four. He attracted the attention of the leading legislators, and 
it is not too much to say if his inclinations had carried him into legislative life 
he would have fairly ranked with the state's best known and ablest men. 
In his town he is popular and highly esteemed. He was its treasurer for two 
years, and selectman for live. June 6, 1880, he received the appointment of 
judge of probate, and still holds the office, and while very important and 
strongly contested cases have come before his court (notably the Isaac Adams 
and Dr S. A. Bemis will cases), no appeal from his decisions has ever been 
sustained. " He has shown signal ability as a judge of probate, and if the 
absence of error in professional practice is a proof of learning, he certainly 
In ilds a very respectable position." 

He married, June 4, 1865, Mary, daughter of William E. Moulton, of Par- 
sonsfield, Maine. Their children are Walter D. H. and Bertha Mary. Judge 
Hill has been an active Whig and Republican, is a shrewd and sagacious 
politician, and prominent in the councils of his party. In religion the judge 
is a Unitarian, with very strong predilections, however, for the manners, 
thought, and associations of the Friends. He fully believes in the movings of 
the Spirit. 

He is a lover of literature, and had circumstances led him the proper way 
would have been a shining light in the galaxy of its stars. Possessed of a 
wonderfully retentive memory, a vivid and exalted imagination, poetic powers 
of a line order, and a wealth and exuberance of classic diction, he writes well 
on any subject on which he tries his pen; but it is in grand and lofty fields, 
descriptions of the solemn mountains and the rich and varied scenery of the 
lakes, appreciation of the nobler qualities of humanity, and keen and accurate 
analyses of human nature, that he excels. His poem of "Chocorua" has 
elicited high praise. He is full of anecdote and traditional lore and is apt in 
quotations of sayings and in descriptions of people. He is a capital com- 
panion : his insight into human nature enables him to adapt himself pleasantly 
to the society he is in, while his rare conversational powers and fund of humor 
cause him to become at once its central figure. His memory of poetry and 
gems of prose is simply marvelous ; he will quote poem after poem by the hour 
while time to the listeners passes on its way unheeded. Combine with these a 
candid honesty, a kindliness of heart which never fails to win friends, a delicacy 
as tender as a woman's, and a quiet unconsciousness of any superior merit, and 
the reason of his great popularity is apparent. 

Erastus P. Jewell was born in Sandwich in 1836, and educated at com- 
mon and high schools and the seminary at New Hampton. He was a son of 
Mark F. Jewell, a farmer of high personal character. Mr Jewell commenced 
the study of law with Colonel Thomas J. Whipple about 1860 or 1861, was 
admitted to the bar in Belknap county about 1805, and soon after entered into a 

Courts, Lawyers, ami Notable Trials. \",i 

partnership with Colonel Whipple, which was dissolved a 
Jewell practised alone for a number of years, then formed a partnership 
Charles F. Stone. This is now one of the strongest Law firm 
county. Mr Jewell has been ver\ successful in his profession. Hi pn 
tion for the trial of cases is peculiar to himself, and his methods would no( 
always he adopted by many, and perhaps would not be always suited to 
others. He is in no sense a plodder ; bis discernmenl is verj quick. Hi 
well to see what is involved in his ease, anticipates with greal correctness what 
is likeh to be the ruling of the court, judges well where the hinges on which 
the decision will turn need to be made strong, and defends and strengthens 
those hinges with great tenacity, and does not trouble himself much about 
matters on which some counsel would expend much time and labor. 

The result is that he is usually successful, at least he wins a good propor- 
tion of verdicts. He is a very pleasing and effective advocate, ami has the 
respect of the court and the confidence of the jurors. But he is much more 
than a Lawyer. He has a fine taste for the elegant, impressive, and original in 
literature, and considerable creative power in this direction ; is one of the fair- 
est men in his estimate of his political opponents and professional rivals: he 
has a vein of genial humor ; his shafts are keen, but carry no malice. In short. 
Mr Jewell is one of those men whose character a biographer likes to delineate. 

Henkv Asa FOLSOM was born in Sandwich about 1845, the son of Ji 5S 
and Elizabeth ( Varney) Folsom. He was graduated at Dartmouth in the 
of 1871. He had considerable interest in educational matters during his 
college course. He read law and was admitted to practice about L874, ami for 
a season practised in Boston. He returned to Hanover and was made prof 
of municipal law in Dartmouth College, where he continued until his death in 
1887. He was a man of rare scholarship, a thoroughly educated lawyer with a 
mind of a judicial nature, and his analysis of principles was remarkably Lucid 
and clear. 

A. Bernay Tasker, of Sandwich, is a son of Rev. Levi lb Tasker, formerly 
of the same town. Mr Tasker was educated at New Hampton and was for a 
season a student of Amherst College. He read law with David II. Hill at 
Sandwich, practised his profession for a time at Boston and Peabody, Ma--., 
and subsequently returned to Sandwich, where he has been engaged in his Law 
business for the last five years. Mr Tasker is one of the most exact and 
scholarly men in the Carroll county bar, and we could scarcely name a man in 
the county better versed in the principle- of the common law. Delias held 
several local places of trust, and is considerably engaged in probate pra 
and is regarded as a safe and valuable counselor. In politics he is a Republi- 
can, and in religious matters liberal. 

Levi Folsom, of Tamworth, commenced the pra law at Soul 

Tamworth not far from L850. He was a genial, scholarly man ^\' apparently 

History of Carroll County. 

good prospects when lie emigrated to the West, and is, T believe, still living 
there. He was a brother of John T. I). Folsom, for many years postmaster at 
South Tamworth. 

Henri C. Dtjrgin, formerly of Sandwich, now of Lynn, Mass., commenced 

the study of law with David II. Hill, and afterwards studied with David O. 
Allen at Lynn. He graduated with high honors at the Boston Law School, yet 
practised his profession but a short time, abandoning it when a good business 
prospect opened for him. 

George 1'. Davis, of Parsonsfield, Maine, read law with David IT. Hill, 
Luther Moore, of Limerick, Maine, and Charles Clifford, then at Harvard Law 
School in 1868. On his return he finished his studies in the office of David II. 
Hill, and was admitted to the Carroll county bar in 1877. He is now in Par- 
sonsfield, practising law, teaching, and farming. 

Elbridge Fogg was born in Sandwich about 1841, and remained there 
during his boyhood. He became a lawyer and emigrated to Pennsylvania, 
where he married the daughter of a prominent Quaker. She was a lady of 
much refinement. Mr Fogg was just achieving success in his profession when 
in the "springtime of life " he died, leaving many friends to mourn him. He 
was son of Stephen Fogg, now of New Jersey. 

Charles E. Hoag, at the age of nineteen, having had meagre opportuni- 
ties for education, became ambitious to do something more than he had yet 
done, and seemed to feel like Albert Pike, 

" Who knew not the bent of his own mind 
Until the mighty spell of Coleridge 
Had waked his hidden powers."' 

He commenced the study of law with David H. Hill at Sandwich about 
1871, then went to Peabody, Mass., and entered the law ol'tice of his uncle, 
Sidney Bancroft, and was admitted to the bar about 1875 ; practised in Peabody 
and built up a lucrative business, from which he retired a few years since and 
devoted himself to journalism. He is a man of clear judgment, unusual fore- 
cast into the probabilities of events, an inveterate fighter, and whoever drives 
him from his positions must fight for every inch he gains. 

HORACE L. Hadley, born in Sandwich about 1838, received his prepara- 
tory education there, studied law with Sidney Bancroft at Peabody, Mass., and 
was admitted to the bar not far from 1861. After years of successful practice 
he went to Washington, Ohio, where he continued in law. Mr Hadley had great 
faith in the possibilities that come to those persons who by ambition and per- 
severance are worthy of them, and by his own example he has 

'* Taught to all men, commons, lords, and kings, 
That some things can be done as well as other things." 

Courts. Lawyers, and Notable Trials. 

Wn.i.i am B. Fellows, sou of ( lolonel Enoch Q. Fi llov 
wich, July 5, L858, prepared for college al New Hampton, and was gradu 
from Dartmouth in the class of L880. He read law with Hon. E. \. 

[Iil>l>anl, uf Laconia, was admitted to the bar in L883, and i imenced pra 

in Ashland, where he continued one year, then removed to Til , taking the 

law business of W. D. Hardy. In L881 he was sergeant-at-arms of the New 
Hampshire senate; was private secretary of Senator Pike in the Forty-eighth 
Congress; clerk of the committee on claims, and private secretary of Senator 

Cheney during his term. He is county solicitor of Belknap i nty. Mr 

Fellows is fertile in resources, lias strong originality, ability of a high de 
both natural and acquired, and will unquestionably take a high place in liis 

ALONZO McCRILLIS, formerly of Sandwich, was a lawyer (if considerable 
repute, but he soon removed to Maine, and there his reputation as a man of 
business and a lawyer was made. He was related to the McCrillis families 
now living in Sandwich. He recently died, having attained a good old ag 

DAVID McCRILLIS, another lawyer of Sandwich birth, also related to 
William McCrillis, went to Great Falls, and there established a lucrative 
practice. He died at an early age, when bright prospects were before him and 
professional and political honors were of easy attainment. 

Samuel Hidden Wentworth, son of Paul and Lydia C. Wentworth, 
was born in Sandwich and graduated from Harvard in 1858. He has received 
the degree of a.m., and from the Harvard Law School the degree of 1.1..1;. He 
practises law in Boston, where he resides. 

Paul Wentworth, son of Colonel Joseph and Sarah .1. Wentworth. was 
born in Sandwich, graduated from Harvard in 1868, commenced the stud} of 
law soon after with Hon. Ira Eastman, was admitted to the bar in Merrimack 
county in .June. 1872, and returned to Sandwich, where he has since been 
engaged in the practice of his profession. He has been county solicitor several 
years under both appointive and elective systems, and is the proem incumbent. 
lie was superintending school committee and a member of the hoard of educa- 
tion in Sandwich, lie was a delegate to the constitutional convention in L876, 
and representative in 1878, and has served as chairman of the selectmen. He 
is a member of the Ked Mountain Lodge of Freemasons. He married Ellen F. 
Duncklee in Concord, November 18, 1872. Their children are Louisa C, 
Joseph, and John Paul. He is a well-read lawyer, an effective advocate, 
personally popular; a genial companion, scholarly in his tastes, a favorite with 
his professional brotherhood, and has a delightful home amid scenes SO beautiful 
thai we alniosl wonder how such lovely prospects ever got • > astia\ from 

Moses J. Wentworth, brother of Paul, was graduated in the same class 

from Harvard. He went Wesl and was graduated from the law department of 

254 History of Carroll County. 

the Chicago university, and received the degree of ll.b. ; then engaged 
in business Eor his uncle, Hon. John Wentworth, of Chicago, whose vast estate 
is Left chiefly in Ins care. He is a man of strong business ability ; practises law, 
and represented bis adopted city in the legislature in 1874, 1876, 1878, and 


George WlNSLOw WlGGlN was born in Sandwich, March 10, 1841, and 
educated at the common and high schools in that town and at Phillips Exeter 
academy, where he took a four years' course and prepared to enter Harvard 
as a sophomore. He was engaged in teaching in Massachusetts for a few years, 
then studied law with Hon. Samuel Warner at Wrentham, Mass., and was 
admitted to the bar in Norfolk county, September 25, 1871. He has been for 
many years in the practice of his profession at Franklin, Mass., and now 
practises also in Boston, and has acquired a lucrative business and a high 
professional reputation. His natural abilities, which were of a high order, 
have been developed by ambition and diligence until congressional honors have 
come within easy reach, but he seems disinclined to grasp the prize, preferring 
to attain excellence in his chosen profession rather than such position as he 
might obtain by a mixture of politics and law. He was county commissioner 
of Norfolk county in 1879, 1881, 1884, and elected in 1887 for three years. 

Alpheus B. Stickney was a native of Sandwich. He went West in 
early life, practised law, and is now one of the first business men of the 

William Qutnby, son of William F. and Martha Quinby, was born in 
Sandwich. He was graduated from Dartmouth College and then engaged in 
educational affairs in Washington, I). C, and subsequently admitted to the bar 
after a course of preparation at a law school. He is a young man and has not 
bad time to establish a reputation in law, but has established one as a scholar 
of rare attainments and a successful man in educational matters, and a brilliant 
career as a lawyer can lie confidently predicted of him. He now resides in 
Washington, D. C. 

Aaron Heede, Jr, son of Aaron and Mary (McGaffey) Beede, was born 
in Sandwich about 1860. He prepared for college whenever and wherever he 
could: entered Bates College at Lewiston, Maine, with a poor preparation; as 
a sophomore his rank as a scholar had improved; as a junior he stood high, and 
he finally graduated the first man in college. He read law, and was admitted 
t<> practice in Maine and was in legal business there for a short time success- 
fully. He has also studied theology. It is uncertain whether law or the gospel 
should claim him. He has good health and courage, strong ambition, strong 
will, high aspirations, and plenty of native talent, and if his future life is 
guided by proper conservatism he can hardly fail to become a power in the 

Colonel John Peavey, for long years a prominent business man of 

Courts, Lawyers, \\i» Notarlb Trials. 

Tuftonborough, was admitted to the bar in Carroll county aboul 1852 

statute lawyer. He filled manj responsible positions abh ; was ie 

of Strafford county, and was appointed bank c missioner by Governoi ' 

Berry. He was a business lawyer and. Later in life, removed to Mich 
where he is now, at the age of eighty-five, busily engaged in procuring pene 

and olher legal labors, and in (lie enjoyment of good health. 

Zachariah Batcheldee was one of the marked iii.-ii who have passed 
away within the last quarter of a century. He was born in Beverly, M 
IT'. 1 -"), but his parents moved to Sunapee in his early youth. He was a graduate 
of Dartmouth College. After passing some years in teaching and thestud\ of 
the law. he went to Wolfeborough and established himself in the profession and 
business of his life. It had been his cherished hope to enter the ministry, 
which for some time he kept in view in his studies. Bui as time passed and 
he gained nearer and more definite views of the duties of the sacred office, his 
strong natural diffidence and self-distrust led him to the conclusion that he was 
better adapted to some other profession. Mr Batchelder was thoroughly edu- 
cated and kept up his interest in classical learning until the close of his life. 
He was a man of very high attainments in the law, strictly accurate in the 
drawing of briefs, these being without a (law. He was the scholar of the 
county, although Aaron B. Hoy t may have been his equal in general learning. 
Mr Batchelder was one who ought to be long remembered, as his influence 
extended far beyond the usual duties of his profession. 

JOSEPH FARRAR, a native of Vermont, came to Wolfeborough from 
Chelsea, where he had been admitted to practice. He was here early in the 
century, and after the building of the Pickering store had his office in the 
upper story. He is remembered as a man of medium size, pleasant manners, 
and if not as scholastic as Batchelder, was sate in counsel and well posted in 
common and statute law, and no mean antagonist in the courts. He shared the 
practice of this part of the county for a long time with Zachariah Batchelder. 

Charles F. Hill was a native of Limerick, Maine, lie read law with his 
uncle, Joshua Hill, of Frankfort, and practised a few years at Searsport. He 
then came to Wolfeborough, where he acquired a lucrative practice and was a 
hading member of the Carroll county bar. About twenty years ago he went 
to New Jersey, and died in Newark. February 1 2, 1889, al the age of aboul 
sixty-seven years. He was a lawyer of marked ability, a convincing and able 
advocate, and a man of high personal and professional character. Hon. 
Joel Eastman regarded him as a very strong advocate. His wife v 
(diaries II. ami Benjamin F. Parker. His sou, C. E. Hill, is president of the 
common council of Newark and a lawyer of good repute. 

William Copp Fox was born at Wolfeborough, December- 1 . 1 . 1827, was 
educated at Wolfeborough and Gilmanton academies, and was graduated from 
Dartmouth in 1852. He read law- with Batchelder, of Wolfeborough, and 

256 History of Carroll County. 

Hobbs, of Wakefield, and has since been in the practice of his profession in his 
native county. In his early life he was engaged in educational interests, was 
for a time principal of Wakefield academy, and two years school commissioner 
of Carroll county. He was president of Wolfeborough Savings Bank for six 
years, and is now president of Carroll County Bar Association. Mr Fox has 
become migratory in his habits within a few years, and as winter approaches 
our northern clime he goes with the journeying birds to the warm regions 
around the Gulf of Mexico. At the time of this writing he has just returned 
from his orange groves in Florida. 

Mr Fox is a well-educated lawyer and is regarded as a safe counselor and 
has had a lucrative business. He has hardly been willing to devote himself 
entirely to his profession, but believes he can enjoy life better to cultivate his 
love for the higher walks of literature. He is a poet of considerable reputa- 
tion, and at a meeting of the Grafton and Coos Bar Association he read an 
original poem that attracted much attention. He also has a great love for 
social matters and is a very companionable man. He delights in the sports of 
the lake, in boating and fishing, and in the latter accomplishment he is a worthy 
rival of Izaak Walton. At his solicitation many an eight pound trout has 
come up from the dark depths of " 'Siogee's waters" to spend his remaining 
life under sunny skies, and it might be said of Mr Fox as Saxe said of " The 
Cold Water Man": — 

Many a gudgeon of the lake 

(If he could speak to-day) 
Would own, with grief, this angler had 

A mighty taking way. 

No man has a keener sense of the beautiful in nature or art or language, 
lie sees and appreciates wit when it floats in a form so delicate that it requires 
explanation to the average mind. 

Edwin Pease, son of Hon. Zebulon Pease, was born at Freedom, 
April 2:5, 1827, and died at Conway, August 31, 1879. His rank as a lawyer 
was fair. He represented his town two terms, and was state senator in 1868. 
lie was a war Democrat. He was not what is called a successful man in a 
worldly sense, but he won the regard ami goodwill of nearly every one with 
whom he came in contact. His honesty was unquestioned. 

George E. Beaoham was born at Wolfeborough, May 12, 1852. Among 
his paternal ancestors was one who came to this country during the Revolu- 
tionary war and settled in Ossipee. His boyhood history is about the same as 
the average son of the New Hampshire farmer, who has the ambition to make 
the besl of his natural talents and opportunities. In 1873 he commenced the 
study of law in the office of William J. Copeland, and was admitted to the bar 
in 1876. Mi' Beacham was elected a member of the New Hampshire house of 

Courts, Lawyers, am. Notable Trials. 

representatives before he was thirty years old, and at the age of thirl 
appointed associate justice of the police court al Somersworth. II. is a law 
partner of the firm of Beacham & Foote thai has offices al Wolfh 
tion and Great Falls, and does business in Strafford and Carroll counties and 
York county, Maine 

Sbwall W. A.BBOTT was born iii Tuftonborough, April 11, L859. II 
educatioD at district schools was largely supplemented by attendanci 
Tamworth high school, Hebron academy, Colby university, Maine, and Union 
Law ( lollege, ( Ihicago, where he look high rank, and was admitted to the bar in 
l Sv:> >. Aiter a practice of about a year he returned to his native state March. 
1885; he passed a legal examination at Concord, and December 15, 1885, he 
established himself in the profession of law at Wolfeborough. He \& a wide- 
awake man, quick, alert, and persistent, and has many of the qualities which 
constitute a bright lawyer and live citizen. lie is a Republican in polities, and 
Unitarian in religious sentiment. 

Joseph Tn/roN was horn at East Kingston, August, 1774, was graduated 
at Harvard in L797, admitted to the bar in 1800, and opened ; If i< - . ■ in Wake- 
field near the Piper schoolhouse. lie removed t<> Rochester in L 805, to Exeter 
in L809, where he died March 28, L856. From 1815 to L823 inclusive, he rep- 
resented Exeter in the legislature, and was esteemed and respected tor his hon- 
esty and ability. He practised his profession in the days of many distinguished 
lawyers, and ranked creditably among them for his legal lore. 

David Copp, Jr, son of David Copp, of Wakefield, was horn about 1 77<». 
was educated at Phillips Exeter academy, and studied law with lion. W. K. 
Atkinson, of Dover. He subsequently removed to New Orleans, where he 

A.masa COPP was born in Wakefield, October 8, 1788, and was graduated 

from Dartmouth in 1811. He read law with Hon. \V. K. Atkinson and A s 

Kent, and practised in Chester and Wilton, and later in Wakefield, where 
he died January 7. 1871. He was a man of large and powerful physical 
frame, loved hunting and hard exercises in the swamps and on the mountains, 
and with preeminent natural talents failed to make the best of them, ami 
consequently his position as a lawyer was not quite what due diligence might 
have made it. Such at least seems to be the estimate placed mi him by lion. 
Charles II. Bell. 

William Sawyer, one of the older lawyers of Carroll county, was gradu- 
ated al Harvard College in L 801, and after reading law with Henrj Mellen, of 

Dover, came to Wakefield about 1805, where he died in L860. lie was a man 
to be remembered as one of the strictest integrity, and won the right to be 
spoken of as the "honest lawyer."" and ever exerted his influence foi good. 

Josiah Hilton Hobbs, of Wakefield, was born in Effingham in IT 
His rank as a lawyer was very high. Thirty-five years have elapsed since his 

History of Carroll County. 

death, and o!' the generation that knew him but few survive, but they still 
remember his strength as a lawyer. Hobbs and Eastman were generally 
arrayed against each other in the leading cases in the county, and were some- 
times associated. Eastman was the greater as an advocate, but Hobbs in the 
leading specialties of law was more learned. His mastery of the law was 
much of the same nature as so greatly characterized his gifted son, Frank 
Hobbs. Hon. Joshua G. Hall and Hon. John W. Sanborn, who knew him 
well, agree in ranking him very high, not only among the leading lawyers of 
the county, hut of the state. 

Luther Dearborn Sawyer, son of Timothy Sawyer, was born in 
Wakefield, March 7, 1803. lie prepared for college at Phillips Exeter acad- 
emy, and was graduated from Bowdoin in 1828. He read law with Sawyer & 
Hobbs, was admitted to the bar in 1882, and practised his profession in Ossipee 
from 1832 till 1859, with the exception of one year when he was in practice 
at Sandwich Centre. He resided a short time in Dover and in Massachusetts, 
where he held the position of trial justice. The last twenty years of his life 
were passed in Wakefield in the active business of his profession. In 1846 
he was assistant clerk of the New Hampshire senate; he held the office of 
county solicitor for Carroll county for several years, and was a representative 
in the legislature in 1859 and 1860. 

Mr Sawyer was a firm friend and admirer of Hon. Joel Eastman, and 
believed that the people of New Hampshire ought to have placed Mr Eastman 
in ('(ingress in his midday strength. Mr Sawyer did excellent service as a 
lawyer. He caused satisfactory adjustment of many difficulties, and used the 
confidence reposed in him in the interests of peace. He was a ready debater 
and an interesting man in conversation; he had an extensive acquaintance 
with the members of the profession in New Hampshire for two generations. 
He died in duly, 1884, the oldest member of the Carroll County Bar, and the 
president of its association. Mr Sawyer had a vast fund of information 
relating to distinguished lawyers and statesmen in this and other states, and 
his personal recollections of Hale, Bell, Pierce, Bartlett, Christie, Sullivan, 
and others afforded vivid pictures of these eminent men. 

GEORGE Y. Sawyer was born in Wakefield in 1805, commenced the 
practice of law at Laconia, and removed to Nashua in 1884. He soon attained 
a high professional standing and an extensive practice, and, when a member 
of the legislature, had great influence in shaping its action. In 1855 he was 
appointed judge of the court of common pleas, and afterwards of the 
supreme judicial court. He died in 1882. He was unquestionably a very 
able man, and both as lawyer and advocate his rank was very high. He 
addressed a court or jury with great force and eloquence. George Ramsdell, 
of Nashua, regarded him as one of the best special pleaders in the state. 

Hon. Joshua GlLMAN II all was horn in Wakefield about 1826. He was 

Courts, Lawyers, a.nd Notah 

educated al Wakefield and Gilmanton academies and a! Dartmouth, 
was graduated in 1851. He then traveled somewha! In Liu- southi 
and on his return commenced the study of law in Dover witl D 
Christie, the educator, probably, of more eminenl lawyers than am other man 
in New Hampshire. Mr Hall practised his profession a few years in W 
then wen 1 to Dover, where he entered into a partnership with lion. Samuel 
M.Wheeler. This law linn was a v«n\ strong one. From abo ul iKoh 
ten years thereafter Wheeler & Mall were the immediate rivals of Mr Chi 
then in the maturity of his vast legal power.-, and it is credil enough to 
i ha i they won their full share of verdicts in their contests with thai pro I 
giant. This firm soon after dissolved, and Mr Mall has continued in pr; 

Dover since, with the exception of the years IV 1 S T ( .' to L883, while lie 

a member of the Forty-sixth and Forty-seventh Congresses. 

Mr 1 1 all has from time to time held other positions of much importance. He 
was for nearly ten years solicitor of Strafford county; Tor two years mayor of 
Dover; two years state senator; United Mates district-attorney for the district 
court of New Hampshire; in addition to many offices of t rust in banking and 
other institutions, and special appointments from the supreme court in railroad 
matters and business of a similar nature. He is and has been for many 
a very strong lawyer. Frank Hobbs, when in the fulness of his powers, was 
accustomed to say that Joshua G. Hall was his strongest opponent, and added : 
"To begin with, the beginning, Joshua is an excellent lawyer and his learning 
is thorough; and a yet stronger (dement is that lie rarely errs in judgment; 
and in addition to all, his personal and professional honesty so commend them- 
Belves both to the court and to juries that his statements are generally accepted 
as gospel." 

John Paul, formerly of Wakefield, was admitted to the bar. He has 
been a teacher at West Lebanon and other places. He has a farm in Sullivan 
county, where he resides. 

Amasa C. Paul, of Wakefield, received the degree of ll.b. at Columbia 
university in 1882, and is now in Minneapolis, Minn. 

CHARLES CHESLEY was horn in Wakefield. April L2, L827. He was grad- 
uated at Bowdoin College in 1852. He was engaged in teaching for two or 
three years after leaving college. He studied law with Hon. John Hickman, ol 
West Chester, Pa, and Messrs Woodman & Doe, of Dover, and was admitted 
to the bar in Carroll county in November, L856, and commenced the pra< 
of law at Wakefield in January, 1857. He was county solicitor in 1861, 
and 1st;:',; was connected with the board of enrollment for the firsl 
Bional district of New Hampshire from June, L863, to June. L865. Hi 
employed in the law branch of the office of the commissionei of interna] 
revenue at Washington, D. C, from June, 1865, until July, 1872, and i 
office of the United States attorney-general on business before the I 

260 History of Carroll County. 

States court of claims from July, 1872, to October, 1872, and was solicitor 
of internal revenue from October, 1872, until July, 1888. In November, 
1 859, Mr Chesley married Mrs Sarah E. Twitchell, a native of Wakefield, 
whose maiden name was Swasey. Mrs Chesley died at Washington, D. C, 
August 20, 1888. John II. Chesley, Mr Chesley's only child, is engaged in 
mercantile pursuits in Washington, where Mr Chesley is at present remaining. 

Mr Chesley is descended from one of the distinguished families of the 
county, and has been very successful in business, being one of the most ready 
ami efficient men in public life in clerical matters and in all those qualities that 
make an officer thai can be relied on. His active life has been almost entirely 
passed in public service. He is one of those men whom his native town and 
county highly appreciate. 

FRANK HobbS, a lawyer of commanding ability, practised mostly in 
Carroll and Strafford counties from about 1866 to 1877. He was a son of 
Josiah Hobbs, a lawyer of marked distinction at Wakefield. He was grad- 
uated from Dartmouth College about 1NIJ2 and read law with the eminent Daniel 
M. Christie, of Dover, who could number among his students Chief Justice 
Perley, John P. Hale, Chief Justice Doe, ex-congressman Joshua G. Hall, 
ex-judge Jeremiah Smith, and many others equally distinguished. Mr Hobbs 
married Emma Josephine, daughter of Mr Christie. 

Early in his practice Mr Hobbs flashed into distinction like a meteor in the 
starry midnight. Colonel Thomas J. Whipple, who knew him well, spoke of 
him as " the first lawyer in New Hampshire of his years. 1 " His strong quality 
as a lawyer was his ready discernment of distinction in legal principles, and his 
discussions of intricate points arising in the progress of a trial were listened to 
by the court with profound interest and by the bar with frequent astonish- 
ment, lie was an aggressive and bold practitioner, and gave great promise at 
the age of thirty-six years to be one of the shining lights of the profession; 
but a mental malady fell on him, from which he will probably never recover. 
We might speak" of him as Whittier spoke of his friend, J. O. Rockwell, as 

One whom the winds visited roughly 

And the passer-by smote down in wantonness. 

Charles W. Sanp.orn, son of Hon. John W. Sanborn, was born in Wake- 
lield, December L9, L849. He prepared for college at Phillips Exeter academy, 
and was graduated at Dartmouth College in the class of 1872. He read law with 
Luther I). Sawyer, George William Burleigh, and finished his legal studies with 
Chief Justice Doe. He was admitted to the bar about 1879. He married Addie 
E.Smith, December, L872, and died January 17, 1886. His career was brief, 
and not many young men could look into the future with brighter hopes of 
success than Mr Sanborn, whose natural endowments and extensive culture 

Courts, Lawyers, and Notable Triai 261 

were equaled by few. Bui just as broader fields were opening before him, 
season when he might have soared into the free world of action, he 
while his young ambition was bul partly realized. 

Edward A. Paul, of Wakefield, was admitted to the bar while the 
cessful founder and principal of the high school in Washington, I >. < '.. where he 
met an untimely death by accidenl a horse colliding with the bicycle he was 
riding— April 2, L888, at thirty-two, much lamented. He married, June, I 
Sarah II. Woodman, the great-granddaughter of Parson Hidden, of Tamworth. 

A.RTHUB I.. Foote was born a1 Lewiston, Maine, December -■'>. 1863, and 
was educated at the Great Falls high school, where he graduated in 1883; he 
then commenced the study id' law with George E. Beacham and William <■. 
Pierce, and was admitted to the bar at Concord, .Match, 1887. He thereupon 
entered into partnership with George E. Beacham a1 Wolfboro Junction, and 
they ate engaged in the luisiness of insurance as well as law. Mr Foote i- a 
young law yet- of good general learning, a man who attends diligently to his 
professional duties, has rare conversational powers, and is growing in reputa- 
tion with his increasing years. It is not so easy to predicl the future as to 
record the past, and in speaking of rising young men like Mr Foote we cannol 
speak as we can of the man whose record is made and the sum total of whose 
life is complete. But so far as human judgment can he made from facta 
already historic, we are justified in predicting for Mr Foote a future of high 
and worthy achievement. 

In the autumn of 1864 ex-Governor Emory Washburn, then one of the law- 
professors at Harvard, said to the students: "Many young men fail to become 
leading lawyers from causes of which they are unaware. Some from inexcusa- 
ble neglect of their business: some get too much involved in politics; some 
neglect their profession for other business, while others arc so ill-mannered or 
dishonest that few clients can he found who are willing to emploj them, and 
they fail as lawyers and never understand t he reason why." He then added : 
"Bul an instance of a well-read, diligent, honest, courteous young lawyer, who 
has fairly good ability, failing to become a successful lawyer is exceedingly rare." 
This remark, coming from a man of keen observation and extensive experience. 
is worthy of being remembered. 

Josiah Dearborn was horn in Effingham, September 25, L790, and died 
March 31, 1873. He fitted for college at Fryeburg academy. He studied 
law with Samuel Cushman, of Parsonsfield, Maine, and William Sawyer, of 
Wakefield, and commenced practice in Effingham in L819, and had quite 
an extensive practice. He had a very thorough knowledge of the common 
law, prepared his cases with greal care, and had withal that quality which is 
so absolutely requisite in all professions, excellent judgment. In addition to 
this he was cool and self-possessed in difficUH cases, and kept his temper 
under admirable control, and his* duents could rely on his besl powers in the 

262 History of Carroll County. 

management of their business. He was one of that circle of venerahle men 
whom in l s iiO we used to look 14M.11 in the Carroll county bar, and whose 
heads, white with the wisdom of age, seemed like the fathers whose mantles 
were so soon io fall on the present generation. Such men were Josiah Dear- 
born, -loci Eastman, Ira A. Bean, Zachariah Batchelder, Obed Hall, and 
Luther D. Sawyer, all passed now into the courts eternal. 

Samuel Q. Dearborn is a son of Josiah Dearborn, of Effingham. He was 
graduated at Dartmouth in the class of i860, and read law with his father and 
also with Hon. Daniel M.Christie. On admission to the bar lie returned to 
Effingham, and has since divided his time between general business and the 
practice of his profession. Mr Dearborn is devoting much energy to the educa- 
tion of his children, and with apparent good success. 

Hayes Lougee, formerly of Effingham, practised law for a few years in 
Mo ul ton borough, is now in Boston, and still has some clients in Carroll county. 
He read law with Colonel Thomas J. Whipple, and was admitted to the bar in 
Belknap county. He is a bold practitioner, and wins a fair proportion of 

John Sumner Runnells, son of Rev. John and Huldah (Staples) 
Bunnells, was born at Effingham, N. H., July 30, 1846. He fitted for college 
at New Hampton, and was graduated at Amherst College in 1865. He read 
law with Samuel M. Wheeler at Dover, and finished his law studies in Iowa. 
He was American consul in England, and soon after was appointed state 
reporter of the supreme court of Iowa. He is, and for many years has been, 
attorney for the Pullman Car company. 

As a student at Amherst he was one of the most brilliant of all its distin- 
guished alumni, and is reported to have ranked first among its many graduates 
as a Greek scholar. He is a polished, bright, and effective orator, and one of 
the most talented men that ever emigrated from New England. 

Orestes Topltff, son of Dr Calvin Topliff, of Freedom, died about 
twenty-five years ago, in early life. He was a lawyer of very considerable 
promise and was already attaining local eminence at the time of his death. He 
had natural abilities of such an order that he might have reached a rank quite 
above the average lawyer. 

Nicholas G. Blaisdell was born in Madison, where he died a few years 
since. He received a good academic education and was graduated from the 
Harvard Law School. He did but comparatively little in the practice of his 
profession, devoting nearly the whole of his active life to business in Massachu- 
setts and New York, passing his last years in Madison. 

Elmer Smart, of Rochester, formerly of Freedom, was born about 1860. 
On completing his academical studies, he was engaged in teaching for a few 
years. He commenced the study of law with Judge Andrews, of Maine, but 
completed his law studies with Worcester & Gafney of Rochester, was 

Courts, Lawyers, and Not v bi i Ti 

admitted to the bar in 1887, and has already established a verj fair m 
Rochester. He has held local offices of considerable importance, and with 
good health, industry, and ambition there seems to lie no reason win 
not lis^ to eminence in Ins profession. 

JosiAH II. Hobbs, 1 son of Dr Daniel S. and Judith <i. II. .hi,-., was born in 
Madison, December 22, L834. His father was a man of cultivated taste an. I 
excellent medical knowledge and ability; his mother, of active temperament, 
keen intuitions, and sagacious common-sense, a valuable residenl of the commu- 
nity, a woman well fitted to discharge the important duties of a ther. The 

education of Josiah commenced in early years under her instruction, was i - 

tinned at Parsonsfield (Maine) seminary and Fryeburg academy, where he was 
fitted for college. He entered Dartmouth in the class of l s -">»'>. was duly grad- 
uated and in due time was made A.M. Ex-Governor Prescotl was n member 
of the same class. In 1857 Mr Hobbs went to Albany, N. 5T., entered the office 
of a prominent lawyer as a student and enrolled himself as a member of the 
Albany Law School, then in its palmiest days, and was graduated from that 
institution in 1859, receiving the degree of LL.B. In the same vear he 
commenced practice in Madison, where he has since been Located. He was 
appointed county solicitor in 1864, again in 1869, and held the office ten years. 
He has been much in town affairs, and bears the reputation anion- his towns- 
men of strict honesty and capability in the discharge of important official 
functions. He lias ever been identified with the Republican party and is an 
energetic worker for its principles. By close attention to business he has done 
much work which has caused him to stand well among his brethren, and he has 
been prominently mentioned for positions requiring legal erudition in a more 
than common degree. Mr Hobbs married, January 3, 1878, Mary E. Erwin, a 
member of the distinguished Erwin family of western New York. They have 
one child, .Josiah Irving, horn June 11, 1880. 

URIAH COPP, Jr, of Ossipee. was a young man of marked ability thirty 
years ago, and was frequently engaged as a teacher in local high schools. He 
was a lawyer, hut emigrated to the West in the early days of his practice. 

Sanborn B. Carter was horn February 20, L819, and died Jul} 8, L881. 
In the years of his active life he was almost constantly in public positions of 
trust, the variety of his offices having been as extensive as that of any man 
perhaps who ever lived in the county. He held the offices of school committee 
of his town, school commissioner of the county, moderator sonic fifteen years, 
town clerk a number of years, representative to the legislature several \ 
a member of the judiciary committee in 1*70. county solicitor five years, 
ter of probate live; years, register of deeds seveu years, twice a member oi 
constitutional convention. He read law with Hon. John T. Paine, ol 
Massachusetts, and Hon. Charles Woodman, of Dover. Mr Carter wi 

1 By W . A 1 . r_.i-s..]i 

264 History of Carroll County 

Lawyer of good repute; courteous and agreeable in his manners, he was person- 
ally popular, and in probate practice he was once regarded as the leading lawyer 
in the county. He was a Democrat in politics. He was one of five persons 
who established the Episcopal church in Dover. Mr Carter was badly injured 
in the terrible railroad collision on the Boston, Concord & Montreal railroad 
near Weirs in 1852, from which he never fully recovered. 

IJrjEL Clinton Carter, a son of Sanborn B. Carter, was born in Ossipee, 
January 20, 1840. lie was graduated from Yale College in 1862, in the class 
with \V. H. H. Murray and Joseph Cook. On his return from college his 
military lite commenced. (See Carroll in the Rebellion.) When Major 
Carter returned to civil life he commenced the study of law with his father, 
ami after admission to the bar located at Wolfe bo rough, where he remained 
ten years and had a successful practice, and also held the office of prosecuting 
attorney tor the county for several terms. In 1879 he became a member of 
the law firm of Carter & Nason, at Dover; in 1881 he was appointed bank 
commissioner, and continued in that office until his death at Rollinsford, 
December 11, 18S6. " Major Carter was a, sincere friend, an able lawyer, an 
honest man ; noble and generous in all the acts of a busy and useful life." 

Colonel Samuel D. Quarles, of Ossipee, born January 16, 1833, is one 
of the marked men of Carroll county. He is a son of Judge Quarles, and was 
educated at the common and high schools of his native town, at the academy 
at New Hampton, and had a special course at Michigan University, Ann 
Arbor. He then entered upon the study of law with Luther D. Sawyer at 
Ossipee, and was admitted to the bar of Carroll county at Ossipee in October, 
1861. He held the office of school commissioner of the county two years, 
ending August, 1861, but resigned to enter the military service of the country. 
(Set; Carroll in the Rebellion.) Colonel Quarles was railroad commissioner of 
New Hampshire in 1X(>9, 1870, and 1871. As a lawyer Colonel Quarles takes a 
high position. He is diligent in his examination of the merits of his eases, 
fortifies weak places with jealous care, and develops his strongholds with 
much force. He is diligent in his examination of all law questions that can 
come to bear on the evidence, is not often surprised, and is fertile in resources 
beyond must men. It is no common thing to see Colonel Quarles apparently 
laid out and beaten by some adverse ruling of the court, or some apparently 
unanswerable argument of his opponent, but wait one minute! the colonel 
is mi his feet again with four times his original strength, supplementing his 
old doctrine with some new principle that he makes as clear' "as if written 
with a sunbeam," and the chances are that he comes out a winner; for, like 
General Zachary Taylor, he never knows when he is beaten. He is exceed- 
ingly well versed in the common law and statute law, and almost knows the 
reported cases by heart. 

Frank Weeks was horn in Wakefield, August 31, 1851. After having 

( !ourts, Lawyers, a.nd Nog \ bi i in 

acquired a good academic education, he commenced the study of li 
Colonel Samuel D. Quarles, and was admitted to practice aboul l s 7'>. II 
once entered upon the practice of bis profession al Ossipee, where he has 
Bince continued, having established a good business, and is growing in reputa- 
tion. He is a diligent practitioner, a good financier, prompt in pursuance of 
his business, and is already one of the rising Lawyers of the county. 

Oliff Cecil Moxjlton, son of Hon. Lewman G. Moulton, born about 
L849, died in Ossipee. January, L875. He received a good education, com- 
menced the study of law, was graduated from Harvard Law School and 
admitted to the bar, and shortly after lie was appointed bj Governor Weston 
and his eouneil solicitor for Carrol] county and devoted himself to the duties 
of his ot'liee ami profession. His future seemed brighl with promise of high 
success, and his friends were justly gratified with honors so early won. with 
higher prospects rising in his future, when suddenly he fell before the relei 
hand that "loves a shining mark." 

George Barstow French, son of .lames French. was horn at Tufton- 
borough, November 27, 1846, and was graduated from Dartmouth College in 
the class of 1872, and read law with lion. Bainbridge Wadleigh, of Milford. 
He is in practice at Nashua, and is a very thorough, able, and successful law- 
yer, and is recognized in his part of the state as in the front raid-: of lawyers, 
and he is constantly adding to his already wide reputation. Mr French was 
admitted to the Suffolk county bar in May, 1876, and in September of the 
same year was admitted at Nashua. 

CHARLES B. GAFNEY, whose parents died while he was yet young, was in 
early life a resident of Ossipee, and Sanborn B. Carter was his guardian, lie 
attended the high school at Sandwich, then under the care of Daniel G. Beede, 
and acquired a very good education. The breaking oul of the war took him 
away from his professional studies, hut soon after his return he commenced the 
practice of law in Wolfeborough. He passed several reasons in Washington, 
D. C, in the employ of Hon. Jacob H. Ela and Hon. Aaron II. Cragin, 
during their service in Congress between the years L868 and L873, arid sub- 
sequently settled down seriously to the legal business as a member of the 
lirm of Worcester & Gafney at Rochester. This firm has become one of the 
strongest law- firms of the state. They are engaged in nearly all the leading 
eases in Carroll and Strafford counties, and have quite an extensive business in 
other counties. Mr Worcester has long been regarded as a thorough lawyer, 
and .Mr Gafney, from his large experience and practice, has risen to a leading 
position as a trial lawyer and is a very strong advocate. 

ZARA Cl TLER was horn aboul L785, and came to Conw;i\ near 1815, from 
Lunenburg, Vermont. He married Man. a daughter of Mary Waldo, the 
daughter of General Israel Putnam, who. when necessity required, would light 
his own imperious countrymen, or successfully defy the mandates ol British 

History of Carroll County. 

generals, or drag the wild beasts from their lair. Mary Waldo lies buried in 
the cemetery near Conway Corner, and on her monument is inscribed: "Mary 
Waldo, daughter of Gen. Israel Putnam. Died November 29, 1825, aged 72 
vcars, 6 months, and 8 days." Mr Cutler probably commenced the practice of 
law in (\)ii\\a\ and there remained during his life. He was a reputable lawyer, 
a good citizen, interested in the welfare of his town both as to its social and 
religious progress. As an advocate he was not above the average. Twenty- 
eight years have passed since his death, and only the older persons remember 
him, as his contemporaries have long since traveled the silent road. Some of 
his children still survive. 

Benjamin Boardman was a lawyer of considerable reputation and 
marked ability, who came to Conway not far from 1828. He was the rival of 
Joel Eastman, whom he found a "foeman worthy of his steel," and it is 
believed that he developed the fighting qualities of Joel to a very great 
degree. Tradition preserves this : that when there came an antagonistic 
clash between Eastman and Boardman, the elements were much disturbed and 
the "portents of war hung on all the arches of the horizon." Boardman was 
keen and acute, and Joel's indignation " burned like a fiery oven." Mr Board- 
man later removed from the town. 

Op.ed Hall, of Tamworth, son of Ebenezer L. D. Hall, of Bartlett, 
practised law many years in Carroll county, and died, aged seventy-eight years, 
in May, 1873. He read law with Governor Lincoln, of Maine. He held 
many local offices. He was at one time somewhat engaged in educational 
matters. He was register of probate some } r ears, state senator from district 
No. 6, and, after the formation of Carroll county, a leading Democratic 
politician for man}- years. He possessed good native ability, and in his earlier 
days was a good lawyer, and with more diligence and devotion to his pro- 
fession would have been an abler man. 

Hon. Joel Eastman was a name in the central and northern portions of 
New Hampshire that for half a century was the theme of many a story and 
was heard by many thousands, nine tenths of whom never saw the stern, 
austere, commanding man by whom that name was borne. Jurors and wit- 
nesses attending court, who noted and admired his conscious strength before a 
jury and his original sentences and his terrible arraignment of those whom he 
regarded as guilty, and listened to his words of burning indignation as he 
related the story of their crimes or sufferings, would, as they were best able, 
tell their families or neighbors, sometimes in feeble language and sometimes 
witli vivid likeness, of his remarkable doings and sayings. Hence his name 
became almost a, household word. He was one of those men whose personality 
ought to be preserved in picture and story. 

Joel Eastman was descended from a family of repute both in England and 
America. He was fifth in descent from Samuel Eastman, Esq.; the line being 

g& m* 




< ^pAz*-i^C <^ZL^£t^t^c< 

( Joubts, Lawyers, am. \.,i ^ble Thi 

Samuel 1 , Thomas 2 , Edward 8 , Joel 4 , Joel 6 . Joel Eastman 4 , born N 
1760, in Kingston, died March 23, L849. He married I 
Sandown; she was born April 23, I7<>J, and died Septeml 
the advanced age of one hundred and five years, five months, and 
She was a woman of remarkable natural endowments, and from her he 
Joel inherited his strong vitality. He was born February 22, IT'. 1 -, in - 
and died in Conway, March L6, L884, and was graduated from ham:. 
College in 1822, I believe, in the class with ( !hief Justice Pei U y and othei ' 
Hampshire men who afterwards became -ready distinguished. He \v; 
relative and personal friend of Daniel Webster, whom he resembled. M 
Eastman came to Conway and made his home there in 1826. Ele manic-, I 
Ruth Gerrish Odell in December, L833. A.bouI L847 his nephew and name- 
sake. Joel Eastman Morrill, became a member of his household, and the 
engraving which accompanies this sketch is his tribute to the memory of his 
honored uncle. 

Joel Eastman once held the office of United States district-attorney for the 
district of New Hampshire, and for several years represented Conway in 
the legislature. He was supported for the office of United States senator in 
the legislature of 18f>4, which resulted in no election for an\ of the rival candi- 
dates; but the contest was really a victory lor .Mr Eastman's party, as it left 
two vacancies to be filled (in 1855), when John I'. Hale and .lames Hell were 
elected United States senators. He was also judge of probate for Carroll 
county from 1856 to 1868, when he retired, having attained the age of seventy 
years. I le was the oldest member of the national Republican convention that 
nominated General Garfield and supported Mr Blaine until he was withdrawn. 
He was also a member of the national Whig convention in 1840 that nominated 
the fust President Harrison. It is needless to say that all his official duties 
were discharged with commanding ability. Had he resided in Exeter or 
Concord there is scarcely a doubt but that he would have passed many 
of his life in Congress. 

Hon. James Bell, of Gilford, once said :" When -loci Eastman was admitted 
to practice it was believed that he would he the leader n\' the New Hampshire 
War: hut he Went up to Conway, and being possessed of a delightful farm on 
the Saco, and becoming interested in farming and politics, he did not devote 
himself to his profession so entirely as to secure his largest development 
as a lawyer." However, he was well versed in the common and statute 
law, ami in his power of construction was one of the firsl of lawyer-. I'm 
analyze principles and throw- his comprehensive common-sense into the 
analysis was a peculiarity of Joel Eastman. It is probable that Eim 

Batchelder were re ready with the changes and revisions of law. and in the 

extent and fulness of learning the older Josiah Hobbs, of W 
superior to Eastman, but his great strength lay in. hi- convincing pow< 

268 History of Carroll County. 

advocate. Like strong men generally, he was not cunning. The lion-hearted 
King Richard could more easily cleave bars of steel and hearts of oak than 
sever the light scarf of silk with slight but dexterous stroke. Luther D. 
Sawyer, speaking of this distinguished advocate of New Hampshire, said : "I 
have listened with intense pleasure to Sullivan and Bartlett, Christie and John 
P. Hale, Frank Pierce, Thomas J. Whipple, and James Bell, but I never yet 
heard the lawyer that could heat and belt and thump and whack facts into a 
jury better than Joel Eastman." 

If yon would see him in his exalted mood, imagine him arguing facts to a 
jury wherein his convictions are in entire harmony with his duty and position. 
You see a man not above the middle height, his brow stern as the mountains of 
the north, his deep-set eye recalling the description that Barlow in his "Vision 
of Columbus" gives of John Adams when making the last great speech in 
favor of the Declaration of Independence: — 

From all the guileful plots the veil he drew ; 
With eye retortive looked creation through. 

I lis arm upraised and all gestures made with his clenched fist, his speech 
strong, indignant, and impetuous, court, lawyers, jurors, and spectators 
listening in silent wonder, and the advocate speaking thus, — 

Look at the daily newspapers of the time and you will find the history of our country has 
become darkened and is one vast history of crime. Why is it so? Because American jurors 
have not the virtue to respect their oaths and render verdicts according to the facts proved. 
And so it will ever remain while jurors are so weak or so wicked as to love the criminal 
better than the victim, and, from personal or partisan prejudice, or from sympathy with 
crime, continue to violate their sacred oaths and prostitute official duty to allow the criminal , 
to go •' unwhipt of justice. '' If / had been attacked as my client has been, and should go 
before a jury of my countrymen and that jury should weakly or wickedly refuse to give me 
justice, I would curse the country that could produce such a jury. My client is a non-com- 
batant ; lie would not tight. He is an aged man and could not fight; and this lawless villain 
knew that such were his principles and condition, and thus presumed upon the safety of an 
attack. It the lawless ruffian had attacked me as he did this old gentleman, I would have 
returned his assault, and with fist or, if it had been necessary, with bludgeon, by the God that 
made me. 1 would have felled him to the earth! 

Francis Russell Chase, son of Jonathan Chase, was born about 1818, 
and his home was for a large portion of his active life in Conway. His father, 
although not a lawyer, had quite an extensive knowledge of law and was for 
about fifteen years judge of probate for Carroll county. Francis was little 
more than twenty-one years of age when the county of Carroll was carved 
out of the old county of Strafford. He became clerk of the court until 
about 1855, when the old court was abolished and a new one established. He 
read law with Judge Dana or Judge Joel Eastman, perhaps with both. He 

( lOURTS, LAWI BRS, LND N'mi \i;i.i. Tr] 

married Huldah Perlej Fessenden, of Fryeburg, Maine. He practised hi 
Eession in this county, extending his business also into Oxford couul M 
In L854 he was speaker of the New Hampshire house of represe 
IsTI he represented Nmthfield in the legislature. II. ■ was an apl and n 
speaker, a companionable man. bright, sharp, and keen, and with stricl devotion 
in his profession might have become a siill stronger lawyer. 

Charles B. Shackford, son of Samuel B. Shackford, of Conw 
born in Barrington, December 28, L840. II. ■ was graduated al Bowdoin in 
L863, and soon after entered the law office of Wheeler <& Hall al Dover. He 
subsequently attended Harvard Law School and was admitted to urai 
in Massachusetts, afterwards in New Hampshire, and pursued 1 1 i.-> profession al 
Dover lor several years. He was assistant clerk of the house of representa- 
tives in 1864 and 1865, clerk in 1866 and 1867, appointed solicitor of Strafford 
county in 1876, and held the office until the adoption of the new constitution, 
and continued to hold this position by successive elections till his death in 
1881. He married Caroline, daughter of Moses A. Cartland, of Lee, October 
26, 1869. Readers of Whittier will remember Mr Cartland, and will doubtless 
recall the tender tribute which Mr Whittier paid him in the poem " M. A I 
With broad culture, strong native ability, and high moral elevation, with social 
and domestic relations of a very pleasant character. Mr Shackford's high aspira- 
tions were leading him up to a proud eminence when, January 2, 1881, he died, 
leaving a very large circle of appreciating friends who had based high expecta- 
tion mi the bright promises of his future. 

John Colby Lang Wood was born in Freedom, July 6, 1847. His educa- 
tion was obtained at common and high schools of Freedom and New England 
Masonic Charitable Institute of Effingham. He was graduated at Bryant & 
Stratton's Commercial College. Portland, Maine, in 1*66. He then engaged in 
trade at Freedom, then came to Conway in 1868 and carried on merchandising 
until 1880. He built a store in 1873. He commenced to read law with II. >n. 
•loci Eastman in 1874, then studied with Josiah II. Hobbs, of Madison, and 
was subsequently, 1880, at the Boston Law School, and was admitted to the 
bar at Concordat the March term. L881, and has since practised in Conway. 
He belongs to these masonic bodies: Mt Washington Lodge, Conwaj ; North 
Star Chapter, Lancaster: St Grerard Commandery, Littleton: Orphan Council, 
No. 1. Dover. He is a director in Conway Savings Lank, and has been its 
president. He was register of probate from July, L883, to July, l ss -">. and 
among the best of the registers of the county, all of whom have been men of 
excellent official ability. He has been for about four years assistant assessor ol 
internal revenue for the first district of New Hampshire, and still holds the 
position (1889). He is a Democrat in his political views. Mr Wood discha 
his official duties with care and capability. 

John B. Nash, now a practising lawyer in Conway, was born in Windham. 

270 History of Carroll County. 

.Maine. May 17. 1848. His common school education was supplemented by 
attendance at the academy at Gorham, Maine. He studied law with Hon. 
Joel Eastman and was admitted to the bar at Concord in August, 1878, one of 
the first under the new order and rules for the examination and admission of 
students. He commenced practice at Conway and soon established a good 
Legal business in the county, and has already acquired a reputation. He has 
frequently held town offices, has been county solicitor for four years, and was a 
member of the constitutional convention of 1889. 

Mr Nash is a popular man and enjoys the respect and friendship of his pro- 
fessional associates. He is generous in his action and liberal in his opinions, is 
not slow to make himself understood, for he is a positive man in his expression 
of his views and reasons. He is a rapid speaker, has a very ready command of 
language, and shows the false positions of his opponents with a great deal of 
force. He identifies himself with his client's cause, and whatever subject is 
under his consideration receives the full force of his mental activities, and at 
the time is the thing of vital importance. He has a keen, robust humor, and 
an original expression of it. As a man and a lawyer, Mr Nash is one rising to 
a leading position. He is ever in the lead in progressive movements, and was 
the first man in Carroll county to subscribe for its history. He is now doing 
good work on the board of education in Conway. 

Frederic B. Osgood, son of James and Jane (Harnden) Osgood, was born 
in Fryeburg, Maine, November 10, 1852. He was educated at Fryeburg 
academy and Bowdoin College, where he graduated in the class of 1875. He 
commenced the study of law with Major D. R. Hastings, of Fryeburg, and 
was admitted to the bar in 1877 at the December term of the Oxford county 
court. He began the practice of his profession at North Conway, and with 
the exception of a six months' absence from the state has been located' there. 
He was elected county solicitor in 1884 and has held the office two terms, 
from July, 1885, to July, 1889. He was made a Freemason at Pythagorean 
Lodge, Fryeburg, about 1878, and still holds membership there. He is a 
member of Saco Valley Lodge of Odd Fellows, North Conway. Mr Osgood is 
a natural student, a man of scholarly instincts and much culture, and when 
fully aroused and persuaded of the correctness of his position speaks with 
much eloquence. He has an earnest and powerful nature, and often speaks 
like one born to command. 

Hon. George W. M. Pitman, 1 son of Joseph and Joanna (Meserve) 
Pitman, was born in Bartlett, May 8, 1819. He lived with his parents until 
he was twelve years of age, then went to the tavern of his cousins, Stephen 
and Ezra Meserve, located where Pitman Brothers' East Branch House now 
stands, remaining there three years, and then returned to his home. He 
was educated at the public schools and North Conway and Fryeburg, Maine, 
1 \\y W. A. Fergusson. 

;i;S : " >>5. : -' 

COUHTS, L V.WYEKS, AND Not \r.; i. i'i 

academies. In the fall of L840 he married Emeline, da 

Ann M. (Davis) Chubbuck, and continued In- resid in Barth 

he has always made his home. The children of Georgi W. M. . and !. 
Pitman were: — (1) .loan M., married Lyman Charles; (2) Marj \. 
(3) Angevine (dec. >: < I > Winthrop M. ; 1 5 i I. ci i \\ 

(7) Adnali. married Charles E. Wingate, resides in Lawrence, M 

(8) l^vi ('.: (9) Joseph II.; (10) Emma, married George \. < 

(II) A-ndrew .1. Mrs Pitman died March 1. L 889, aged -i<i\ six -. 
five months. Her eight living children are estimable citizens, prominent in 
society and business. She was a woman of sterling < ihristian principle, and her 
influence will be felt for good during Long years. 

Judge Pitman was engaged in teaching for some five or six years, then in 
BUrveying, for which lie had fully qualified himself, lie has done much in 
surveying and platting, probably more than any other man in the state, and bo 
fully demonstrated his ability that he has frequently been called upon as an 
expert. Many of the original surveys in the White Mountain region were 
made by him. Studying law, he began practice in 1855, in which he has con- 
tinued ever since. He conducted merchandising fr 1850 until l v ^. 

Liberal in religion and a sound Democrat in politics, he has represented all 

the various town offices, including chairman of the hoard of select n. for b< i 

twenty years; served as county commissioner from L856 to 1859, inclusive; 
judge of probate, 1*74 to 1 n 7 < *> (said to have been tin; best for length of service 
the county has ever had) ; member of the legislature twelve terms, from I s -"". 
to 1869; of the senate in 1*70 to 1*72. and president of that body during his 
second term. lie enjoys the distinction of being the only citizen of the 
who has been honored by a seat in three constitutional conventions. Another 
circumstance concerning the Pitman family is worthy of note: Judge Pitman, 
his father Joseph, and his son Lycurgus, three generations, have each been 
chosen state senator. 

Judge Pitman has been for many years a man of extensive influence, as i- 
shown by the record of his serving so many terms in important positions. His 
dignified appearance and affable and genial nature have made him a favorite 
among the people; while his sterling integrity, ripened judgment, and large 
experience in public and private affairs have made him a desirable representa- 
tive to protect their interests. Judge Hill says of him: ••Judge Pitman 
man of quick perceptions, of strong natural abilities, a genial companion, and 
his conversational powers are of a high order, lie has for many years I 
leading lawyer of Carroll county." 

Seth Wvmax Fife, son of Moses and Eliza Fife, was born in Chatham, 
December 10, 1846. He was educated at the common schools and Fryeburg 
and Norway (Maine) academies, and read law with < . ( . Sandi son, ol 
Norway, and was admitted to the ( >xford county bar in 1 v o". 1 1 then ent 

_:_ History of Carroll County. 

Harvard Law School, and after graduation established himself in the practice of 
law at Fryeburg, where he has continued in his professional labors; he has 
also been engaged in insurance business, and in educational matters to some 

.Iioin Bickford, formerly of Ossipee, after being admitted to the bar, 
went to Manchester, and is now and has been for some time an acceptable 
clerk of the police court of that city. 

Jambs A. Edgerly was born in Wolf eborough about 1846, and read Law 
with William ,1. Copeland, of Great Falls. Mr Edgerly, after liis admission 
to the bar. became law partner of Mr Copeland. and so continued till the death 
of Mr Copeland. He has an extensive practice in York. Strafford, and Carroll 
counties, and is a rising man in his profession. 

There are some whom we have doubtless passed by who might worthily 
be commemorated here : some among the living, and some whose very names 
are forgotten. Of those here represented, we have endeavored to present 
their virtues, but only in the lightest way to recall their frailties, for human 
frailty is manifested everywhere. The larger number of those whose charac- 
ters have been delineated here have been worthy men, and have adorned the 
highest places in a noble profession. 

Of the living, many are walking the "border-land." and looking across to 
the ''bright, unearthly shores." They have seen many of their rivals fall 
beside them and have paid tender tribute to their virtues. But we turn 
tenderly to the dead, to those who, being invoked, cannot answer. " The}" 
have canceled all they have done or said." and gone to "the presence chamber 
of the King of kings." They have passed: the venerable in years: manhood 
in its prime has "thrown its last fetters off:" aspiring youth has soared from 
its mortal habitation to the mysteries that lie beyond the material wall that 
shuts us from the land only seen in holy vision; and as we contemplate these 
wondrous tilings of the mortal and the immortal, we recall the language of 
Wallace as he invokes the silent sleepers of Greenwood: — 

Where are ye, lost sunbeam* of the soul? 
Are ye where great Orion towers, and holds 
Eternity on Ins stupendous brow? 
Or where pair Neptune in the shadowy space 
Shows forth how far. in his creative mood, 
In pomp, and silence, and concentred brows. 
Walked forth the Almighty? Haply ye are gone 
Where ether being roundeth into shapes 
Of bright beatitude. 

NOTABLE Trials. — Many interesting trials have taken place in this 
county which, for the time, created a deep concern. A few criminal trials 
are worthy of record, as these excited a deep and far-reaching interest. 

Courts, Lawyers, am. Notable Tr] 

Aboul L865 or 1866, in the town of Effingham, i . 
with one or more friends, was Bitting beside hia own home, ta 
rest after dinner. A young man, Mr Frost, was seen approaching with .. 
hut there was in the minds of the partj no suspicion of hostile intent. 1 
had been supposed to be a man very easily disturbed, and had blamed M D 
for sonic trivial act wherein Day had performed some act of kind 
mother of Frost which Frost had refused or neglected to do. I 1 
suspicion that Frost regarded him as unfriendly. As Frost approached, he 
came deliberately near to Day. Leveled his gun, and at once shot him ; 
The act was deliberate and with no attempt at concealment. There w 
possible defence except the common pica of insanity. 

In the following autumn, at the October term of court. Frost was indicted 
for murder, and tried at the same term. Hon. Henry A. Bellows and I! 
Jonathan E. Sargent presided. William ('. Clark was attorney-general. .1 
H. Hobbs, county solicitor. George W. Stevens was assigned as se 
counsel, and Sanborn B. Carter as junior counsel, for the defence. The object 
of the attorney-general appeared to be to have a perfectly just trial and 
at the truth. The plea of insanity was very unpopular, and while Mr Clark 
searched vigorously every test to ascertain the probability of the plea ol 
insanity being just or otherwise, when the hypothetical questions were asked 
of Dr Tyler of the Somerville (Mass.) Asylum for the Insane, and of Dr 
Bancroft of the New Hampshire Asylum for the Insane, the answer- were 
awaited with much interest. 

Those eminent physicians agreed that insanity was indicated by the sup- 
1 conditions. Those answers substantially settled the is The jury 
gave a verdict of "Not guilty by reason of insanity," and Frost was committed 
to the insane asylum, where lie died a few years later. At that time Carroll 
county had not had many trials of such nature, but within twelve years the 
reputation of the county as being the "wickedest in the country" was rising 
fast, and by the time that the last Buzzell trial was concluded we had 
approached near the head of the list in that unenviable direction. 

Trial of Joseph B. Buzzell. — In the late autumn of 1874 the town I'. 
field was the scene of one of the most appalling murders that ever dark 
the history of crime. < >ne evening a family consisting of an aged lady, M - 
Hanson, and her son. a man approaching middle age. and her daughter Susan, 
a young lady of good repute, was sitting quietly in a well-lighted room, 
engaged in conversation and such other matters as are incident tosuch 
So tar as they knew they were at peace with all the world, exci pt tl 
the daughter, had a suit with Joseph B. Buzzell of the same town t 
damages for breach of contract on the part of Buzzell to marry the plaintiff, 
Susan. At a previous term of the court the cas< \ 1 and the hearing 

was to take place at an early day. 

27 I History of Carroll County. 

Suddenly, amid the rattling and crashing of glass, was heard the explosion 
of a heavily Loaded gun, and the lamps in the room went ont. The fear and 
dismay of the family can be imagined. They recovered from their surprise, 
lighted a lamp, and then was revealed the broken window, and Susan lying 
dead, shot by some one from outside. Hon. John W. Sanborn and Frank 
Hobbs, the counsel for Miss Hanson in the breach of promise suit, at once pro- 
ceeded to take steps for a thorough investigation. .There was no ground for 
suspicion against any person except Mr Buzzell, and he was a man of fair repu- 
tation, had held offices of trust in his town, and was at the time engaged in 
Wolfeborough at his trade as a stonemason. It was ascertained that he came 
from Wolfeborough on the evening of the tragedy and returned early next 

Next day the excitement was at fever heat, and when the daily newspapers 
on the following evening announced the murder and its circumstances, there 
was a general feeling of horror that a peaceful home could be so invaded. 
Levi T. Haley, at Wolfeborough, asked Mr Buzzell if he had heard of the 
murder at Brookfield on the last night. Buzzell replied, " A murder?" Haley 
answered, "Miss Hanson was shot at Brookfield last night." "Not Susan!" 
said Buzzell. "Yes," Haley replied, "Susan Hanson was shot through the 
window last night at her own home at Brookfield and is dead." Buzzell so 
mastered his emotions as to leave Mr Haley in doubt as to the effect produced. 

Buzzell was arrested ; a preliminary trial was had, and he was held to 
answer to the April term of court, when he was indicted and put on trial. 
The attorney-general, lion. Lewis W. Clark, now judge of the supreme 
court, Frank Hobbs, of Dover, and the county solicitor conducted the prosecu- 
tion, and Cyrus K. Sanborn and William J. Copeland defended Buzzell. 
Judge Isaac W. Smith presided. John Gove, of Sandwich, was foreman of 
the jury. The outside sentiment was very strong against Buzzell. The court 
used all precaution to have a fair trial, but even then the strong feeling against 
the respondent seemed floating in the air, and a sentence of "guilty" was pre- 
dicted with confidence by a large majority of persons attendant. The theory 
of the state was that Buzzell committed the murder in person, with the weapon 
in his own hand, at about ten minutes past seven o'clock in the evening. The 
time of his starting from Wolfeborough became very material. The witnesses 
differed somewhat in relation to this, many fixing it at near half-past five 
o'clock, but the testimony was not uniform. The distance was about nine 
miles, over a very rough and hilly road, across the spur of a mountain of local 
lame known as " Tumble-down Dick." The jury was taken over the road 
which it appeared Buzzell had traveled the night of the murder. It was 
claimed that BuzzelPs horse had been driven over this road at some time 
between the murder and the trial, and had made the trip in less time than the 
weighl of testimony indicated. 

Courts, Lawyers, am. Notable I'i 

Bui the question what was the weight of testin y wiis much tli 

Much testimony showed that Buzzell was traveling verj leisu 
t i 1 1 1 1 > 1 1 \ indicated thai on the lower pan of the route those who saw hi in in 
tlic dusk saw him driving rapidly. Boot-tracks were seen in n garden - 
Hanson house thai were said to be made 1>\ Buzzell'a 
same size. The tracks of a horse's fool on a road where the tnurdi 
posed to have passed were believed to have hern made h\ a shoe the - 
as a blacksmith believed was worn by Buzzell's horse, and which he liin 
put on the horse's feet. The cross-examination seemed to elicit from the wit- 
ness thai the same track would have been made by one third of the horses trav- 
eling upon our roads. All these slighl circumstances weighed but little. The 
trial was conducted with masterly ability on both sides. Frank Hobbs for the 
state, and MrCopeland for the defence, chiefly pul in the evidence, and each 
disputed point was thoroughly discussed before the court, and each devel 
all there was in his ease. Attorney-General Clark made the argument to the 
jury for the state, which was worthy of his high reputation as a jury advo 
Mr Copeland in an argument of four hours and forty minutes made a trium- 
phant defence, and Buzzell was acquitted. 

The public at large believed Buzzell guilty and fell thai a terrible crime 
was to go unpunished. Severe expressions were indulged in against the jury. 
While many individual jurors might have believed or had strong suspicions 
that Buzzell was guilty, partly because they could see how he might have had 
a motive that would influence some men, but which to others would be do 
motive at all, they still failed to see that legal evidence existed. Could they 
say. on their oath to render a verdict according to law and evidence, that it 
was proved beyond a reasonable doubt that Joseph 15. Buzzell was there after 
his return from Wolfeborough and committed that murder in person at or 
about ten minutes past seven (such being the theory of the state)'.' It seems 
that most persons will say that whatever the fact was. the jury was justifled in 
finding that on the lirst trial the murder was not proved against Buzzell beyond 
reasonable doubt. 

Buzzell's Second Trial. — After his discharge Buzzell went to his home and 
folk, we<l his usual pursuits, but the disturbed elements did not assume their 
original serenity. A bitter feeling had been engendered, not to be quieted this 
Bide the grave. In the neighborhood several fires, apparent!) incendiary, blazed 
up in the silence of the night, and whether there was any evidence pointii 
Buzzell or otherwise, he was, by some of his former opponents in the first 
regarded as a dangerous man. At length one Charles Cook, a singular boy 
who had lived much in Buzzell's family, made a startling disclosure that 
renewed all the interest in the Susan Hanson murder. This boy. who had 
much less wit than the average boy in some directions, and much more in 
others, made statements that indicated that Buzzell did nol commit the murder 
in person, but procured it to lie done. 

27i; History of Carroll County. 

What should l>e done? A trial had been held. Buzzell's life had once 
been placed in jeopardy, and now came a proposition to again jeopardize it. 
The court refused to grant a new trial until the full bench should pass upon it 
as a question of law whether one who had once been tried for a crime as prin- 
cipal could again be tried for procuring another to commit the same crime. 
This seemed a matter of grave consideration. But the court, after a full 
examination of authorities, said : u One who has been acquitted as a principal 
in a murder may be convicted as an accessory before the fact in the same mur- 
der." In reasoning on this the court further said : " In murder, the felony of 
an accessory is not the act of a principal, and the felony of a principal is not 
the act of an accessory. In fact, they are different acts done at different times 
and different places. In law they are different crimes." — 58 New Hampshire 
Reports, page 257. 

Buzzell was again put on trial for the crime of procuring the murder of 
Susan Hanson. Hon. Mason W. Tappan was attorney-general ; Frank Hobbs 
again aided the state in the trial, and before the evidence was closed the 
case was substantially settled against Buzzell. Hon. William L. Foster and 
Hon. Clinton W. Stanley presided. Copeland and Edgerly again conducted 
the defence. The only possible chance for the defence after the decision of 
the court granting a new trial was to break down the testimony of Cook, the 
principal. The trial was a stubborn one from the first, and was again con- 
ducted with ability, but the defence had a hard contest, and Buzzell was 
convicted and sentenced to suffer the punishment of death. He was executed 
on the day appointed. The general public accepted the verdict as a just one, 
but for the immediate parties the history was sad in the extreme. 

So passed Joseph B. Buzzell and Susan Hanson from the earth. Few lives 
so pleasant in the beginning have had so sad a termination. They had walked 
together the rosy paths of childhood. In the early days of youth and maiden- 
hood they had looked down the vistas of the future and saw bright prospects 
toward the "sunset land." One passed to the eternal world 'mid night and 
darkness and horror, while the murdering rifle became the death-angel calling 
in the night's deep silence. The other suffered upon the gallows the penalty of 
an outraged law, far from the ministrations of kindred and home, in expiation 
of a fearful crime. Fiction furnishes few parallels for such fearful realities. 

Trial of Sylvester W. Cone. — In the late summer or early autumn of 187(3 
the peace of the quiet old town of Tamworth was suddenly broken by an 
event as startling as it was unexpected. The report ran through the commu- 
nity that Paul Williams had been killed by Sylvester W. Cone. Cone was a 
man forty-five years old or thereabouts, a man quite widely known, having a 
reputation something more than local. He had become possessed of a pleasant 
home on the easterly shore of Lake Chocorua, a beautiful sheet of water lying 
at the base of the mighty mountain whose name it bears. He had, within a 

( Iotjrts, Lawyers, and Not \m i Tri \ 

year or two previous, married his firsl cousin, Miss Anna Cone, of I'. 
vania, ;i young Lady whose age scarcely exceeded twent} years. 

Mr Cone was a presentable man when seen at his best, and by his manm 
and conversation impressed many people as a gentleman. He talked intelli- 
gently and sometimes sensiblj of things "mental, moral, natural, and divine." 
With ;ill these pleasing qualities, he was yet an unpopular man. His temper 
was unpleasant, his manner at times insolenl ; his promises lie more "i 
disregarded, ami some of his neighbors considered him as a d id ., 

malicious man. Whether there was any reason for such opinion perhap.* 
lie best judged by his subsequent conduct. Many of his neighbors 
insulting remarks toward him. and ii required but little irritation to cause 
him t<> become very disagreeable. lie was hist becoming an Ishmael in his 

< hi the morning of the tragedy, a Sabbath morning, several young men had 
come down from Albany to bathe in the lake near his dwelling. He. as usual. 
resented this and ordered them away. They refused to go. Insulting language 
was used, probably on both sides. Cone seemed ready for a conflict, and the 
other. party seemed to enjoy his excitement. Cone went at once to his house 
and armed himself with a heavily loaded gun. His wife, guessing hi- purpose 
and knowing his reckless lawlessness, and fearing for the result, tried to keep 
him from going into danger, where she foresaw thai the life of himself or of 
some of the other party would be endangered. But Cone was resolute and 
determined to maintain what he deemed to be his just rights, even at the 
expense of human life. 

When ('one again sought the intruders they appeared to have gone on, and 
he passed on to a place among the pines near what was termed the "Narrows" 
bridge. Here he discovered that between himself and his house was Paul 
Williams with a. horsewhip. His escape was difficult or impossible by land 
without an encounter. Either from the fear that he must stand up and receive 
a most fearful horsewhipping, or from a very light estimate in which he held 
human life. Mi- ('one at once shot Williams, who died in a very shorl time. 
The whole community cried out with indignation and demanded ' 

The particulars of his arrest are not material, but at the next term of the 
supreme court .Mr ( "one was indicted for the murder. Hon. \V . II. II. Allen 
presided. Hon. Mason W. Tappan was attorney-general, and Buel C. Carter, 
solicitor of the county. The defence was conducted by Copeland and I'.dgerly. 
of Great Falls, aided by Quarles, of Ossipee, and Hobbs, of Madison. 

The defence set up the plea of insanity, and also urged the stress of circum- 
stances as a full or partial justification. It was argued against the last position 
that Cone was safe in his own house, that he was in no sense in d I life 

or limb until he deliberately armed himself with a deadly weapon and sought 

J7^ History of Carroll County. 

an encounter, and that even then, if he was put in peril of bodily harm, he had 
deliberately put himselrf there with the full purpose of having a hostile 

The trial lasted many days. The demeanor of Cone was variable. For 
most of the time he conducted himself properly, but when the trial was over, 
in presence of the court and counsel, he became enraged and, as J)r Holmes 
would express it, he seemed "like a hawk with a broken wing." 

This trial was one of the most exciting and interesting ever conducted in 
the county. Mr Copeland, who led in the defence, was at his best, and on the 
points of evidence and many of the discussions arising before the court on the 
admissibility of evidence, gave proof of vast learning and capacious equipment 
for the conducting of such cases. His argument was ingenious and well calcu- 
lated to distract the attention of the jurors from the material fact of the mur- 
der to the remoter matters of the alleged hostility of Otis G. Hatch to his 
client, and to (-one's apparent unsoundness and irresponsibility. In all the 
discussions before the court Mr Copeland had proved himself an unquestioned 
match for Mr Tappan. He was even more ready and apt in his fine distinc- 
tions. Mr Tappan rose, commenced his argument slowly, with no evidence 
ot' excitement or of much enthusiasm. He began: "Gentlemen of the jury, 
If you had not sat here through many days and listened to the evidence in this 
case, but were dependent for your knowledge of it upon the argument of my 
eloquent brother, you would hardly know who was on trial, or for what offence. 
You would be quite likely to consider that Otis G. Hatch was on trial for con- 
spiracy against a poor, suffering martyr by the name of Sylvester W. Cone. 
You would hardly dream that Cone himself was on trial for one of the most 
cold-blooded and detestable murders that ever darkened God's fair earth." 
Mr Tappan then referred to Mr Hatch as one who felt that justice required 
that the offender should be held to punishment, and he (Tappan) trusted that 
the time might never come when such a murder could be committed without 
the entire community feeling outraged, and added that the indignant feeling of 
Mr Hatch was one of the best indications of a healthy public sentiment. 

During the first hour Mr Tappan 's efforts seemed directed toward the dis- 
pelling of the impression Mr Copeland had made touching Mr Cone's claim to 
martyrdom. The next ninety minutes he devoted to the more particular con- 
sideration of the evidence. The defences of the criminal were fading " like a 
wreath of mist at eve." The pretence of insanity looked flimsy and shallow. 
The conduct of Mr Cone was reviewed with fearful force against him, and 
during the last half-hour the utterance of Mr Tappan was slow; "his breath- 
ings," as used to be said of Curran, "were deep and fearful." It was one of 
the most terrific arraignments ever heard in Carroll county. 

Mr ('one was found guilty of manslaughter and sentenced to thirty years 
imprisonment in the state prison, where he now remains. 



By B. F. Parker, Esq. 


Kingswood — Grant — Grantees — Associates Township Defined— Wolfeborough Addi- 
tion, etc. — Topography — Bays — Lake Wentworth — Ponds— Mountains Aborigii 
Name — Survey — Committee for Settling— Miles Road — Elisha Bryanl Drawing of Lots 

First Mills — The Neck — First Settlers — Forfeitures — Charter — Action of Town in l'ii-t 
Meetings— Fair — Quaint Records — Officers— Prosperity and Depression — Ammunition— 
Committee of Safety — Inventories of 177<» — Governor Wentworth and his Farm. 

THE first town organization to which we have claim was Kingswood, char- 
tered October -*K 1737, by Governor Belcher, and comprehending tin- 
towns of Middleton, New' Durham, New Durham Gore (n<>\\ Alton), 
and part of the towns of Gilmanton, Wakefield, and Wolfeborough. By the 
conditions of the grant the proprietors were each to build a dwelling-house 
and settle a family in the town within five years. They were to build a 
meeting-house within the same time and settle an orthodox minister within 
seven years. Should wars occur, the time for doing these things was to be 
extended. They were also to reserve three hundred acres of land for the first 
ordained minister that should settle in the town, three hundred acres for the 
second, six hundred acres for parsonages, and three hundred acres for the 
of schools. 

Its boundaries were partially surveyed, and at a meeting of thi pi p 
held in January, 1738, it was voted to survey our hundred and twenty I 
lots of three hundred acres each ; one to be for the use of scho for a 

parsonage, one for the firsl minister, sixty for sixty settlers, and sixty for the 
sixty proprietors, [t was also voted that the first settlement should be m the 

280 History of Carroll County. 

southerly corner of the town, which would be within the present limits of 
New Durham. It is possible that a few persons might have settled there, as 
eleven years alter that town was granted to Ebenezer Smith and others. 
Certainly there were no settlements within the present boundaries of 

The Masonian Proprietors, at a meeting held in Portsmouth, October 5, 
L759, disposed of the principal part of the territory now constituting the town 
of Wolfeborough by the following grant: — 

Whereas, sundry young gentlemen of the town of Portsmouth, in said Province, have 
applied to said proprietors, and represented that they were disposed to make a settlement of 
a new Plantation, and to advance all such sums of woney, from time to time, as should he 
necessary to a vigorous Prosecution of that design, if they could obtain the title of said 
proprietors to a suitable tract of land for that purpose ; and, thereupon, have requested sucli 
a ( I rant ; and said proprietors being willing to encourage a proposition so likely to be of 
public utility: Therefore — Voted: That there be, and hereby is granted unto William Earl 
Treadvvell, Henry Apthorp, Ammi Ruhamah Cutter, and David S o wall , all of Portsmouth 
aforesaid, and such others as they shall admit as associates with them, and their respective 
heirs and assigns forever, all the Right, Title, Estate, Property and Demand of said proprie- 
tors, of, in and unto a certain tract of laud in the Province aforesaid, Equal in Quantity to 
thirty-six square Miles; Bounded as follows, viz. beginning at the north easterly corner of 
a tract of land granted by said proprietors to Jonathan Chesley and others, known by the 
Name of New Durham, then running North Forty-eight Degrees East, on the Head or upper 
Line of a Tract of Land called Middleton, and on that called Salmon Falls — Town, or as 
those head Lines run, joining thereon, and running so far as that a Line running from thence 
Six Miles North West, and then South West to VVinnepiseoky Pond, and then by the side of 
said Pond, joining thereon, until the aforesaid Corner first mentioned bears South East to the 
said Corner, makes up the aforesaid Quantity of thirty-six square Miles; Excepting and 
reserving as is herein after Expressed, and on the Conditions and Limitations and Terms 
herein after declared, to have and to hold the said granted Premises, with the Appurtenances 
to them, the said William Earl Treadwell, Henry Apthorp, Ruhamah Cutter, and David 
Sewall, and their Associates, their Several and respective Heirs and Assigns, forever, on the 
Terms, Reservations, Limitations and Conditions following: viz. — First, that the said Tract 
of Land be, at the Cost of the Grantees and their Associates, laid out, as soon as may be, 
into four equal Parts, both for Quantity and Quality, and one of said Parts, to be determined 
by Lot, be, and hereby is Excepted and Reserved to the said proprietors, and their Assigns; 
which Quarter Part shall be also laid out, at the expense of the said Grantees and their 
Associates, when required by said Proprietor, into twenty Shares or Lots; three of which 
-hall he for the following Public Uses, Viz. one for the Use of a School, one for the Use of 
I he first Minister of the Gospel who shall settle there, the other for the Use of the Ministry 
of the Gospel who shall settle there forever; and the other seventeen Lots to be for the Use 
of the other Persons to whom they shall fall by Lots, hereafter to be drawn, their Heirs and 
Assigns; by which Method also the aforesaid Lots for public Uses shall be determined; and 
all necessarj Public and General Highways shall be laid out in the Reserved Quarter, at the 
Expense of Hie said Grantees and Associates, no Highway to be less than two rods wide; 
and all the Shares. Pots and Divisions in said Quarter Part, shall not be liable to any charge 
in settling, and carrying this Proposal into Execution, until the same shall be improved by 
i he respective < >\\ ners. 

Secondly, — the said grantees shall have ten Families settled on said three Quarters of 
said Tract of Land, within three years after a Public Peace shall be concluded between the 

'Town of Wolpeborough, 

English, French and indians; and within eighl years after such h P, . 

Families settled there, and a Convenient House buill for the Public Worship < 

uecessarj Highways shall be laid oul through the said Land of the Breadth afoi 

the said matters and Things are to be done at the I barge and e 

their associates. Provided, that, If, after such a Peace, a War with the Indians should 

commence, before the Expiration of the several Periods before Limited, the like i 

be allowed as before specified after thai impediment shall be removed. Moreover all Whit*- 

Pine Trees fit for his Majesty's Use in the services of the Royal Navy, are I 

to his Majesty's Use, his Heirs and successors for that purpose, that now are, or bei 

shall be growing on said Land. 

\ml in <'asc the said Grantees and Associates shall neglect and omit to perforin the 
Articles, Matters or Things before mentioned i>y them to be done, or that shall be add 
Agreement between said proprietors and them, according to the true Intern and Mi 
hereof , and within the Time limited for that purpose, il shall and may be lawful to an 
-aid Proprietors, and they are hereby authorized, either by themselves or any ol them, their 
Agent or Agents or Attorneys, in their Names to Enter and take Possession ol said Grantees 
Premises, and Become Reseized thereof, and be again instated as in their former Estab 
as if this Grant had never been made; and further, it is agreed, and this Condition added, 
thai the Grantees Lots shall not be subjected to any Tow n or Parish char-.- or Tax, either by 
act of Assembly, or otherways, until they shall be respectively Settled or Sold; but the 
Grantees and their Associates shall keep and save them wholly indemnified from the same, 
and also that neither the Grantees nor their Heirs shall be, by Virtue of this Grant, bound 
or held to Warrant the said Grantees Premises to the Grantees or their Associates; and that 
there be also reserved in the most convenient Place in the said three Quarter I'art- ol said 
Tract hereby granted, Ten Acres of Land, to be laid out by the said Grantees and their 
Associates in, or as near as can be, in a Square, for Public Uses for the Benefit ol the inhabi- 
tants of the said Tract herein described ; Viz. for a Training Field, Burying Ground and anj 
other Public Uses. 

Treadwell and Apthorp were merchants, Cutter was a physician, and 
Sewall an attorney. On the twenty-fourth of the same month, these four 
persons, "in consideration of the sum of five shillings," by deed admitted 
twenty associates, granting to them " twenty-four and twentieth parts of three 
quarters of said tract of land, excepting only ten acres which were to be held 
in common for public uses." 

These associates were : Daniel Pierce, Esq., Paul March, Joshua B racket t, 
gentlemen; John Kludge, Daniel Rihdge, John Wentworth, George Meserve, 
Robert Odiorne, Jotham Kludge, Samuel Moffatt, Thomas Wentworth, 
merchants: George King, Henry Rust, John Parker, [saac Rindge, mariners, 
all of Portsmouth; William Parker, of Kingstown, gentleman; Nathaniel 
Peaslee Sargent, of Haverhill, county of Essex, province of Massachu 
Bay, attorney at law: Daniel Treadwell, of New York, province of New York, 
gentleman: Thomas Darling, master of the mast-shin called the Strafford, and 
John Long, master of the mast-ship Winchester, hoth Lately of Portsmouth. 
These twenty-four persons constituted the "Proprietors of Wolfeborough, 
and were joint owners of three quarters of the traci of land ceded by the 
"Masonian Proprietors," who still retained the remaining quaiti 

282 History or Carroll County. 

The original township was thus defined: Beginning at a point about one 
mile southeasterly of South Wolfeborough village on the line of New Durham, 
and running northeaster])- six miles on the line of that town and Brookfield, 
thru turning af a right angle and running northwesterly by Dimon's Corner, 
and nearly on the line of the road leading from that hamlet to Water Village, 
tn Tuftonborough six miles, then southwesterly by the border of that town 
to Lake Winnipiseogee seven miles, then by the shore of the lake and the 
town of Alton to the starting-point. 

In 1800 a tract of land known as "Wolfeborough Addition " was annexed 
1>\ legislatorial act. It extended the northeasterly line of the town one mile 
and seventy rods to North Wakefield village, then ran northwesterly three miles 
and two hundred and thirty rods, where tliere was a set-off of eight} r -three 
rods towards Wolfeborough ; then the northwesterly line continued one mile 
and three-fourths. In the "addition" there were five lots: three of about 
1,000 acres each, owned by Jonathan Warner, James Stoodly, and Dr Hall 
Jackson ; two of about 500 acres each, owned by (leorge Meserve and Stephen 
Batson. The inhabitants of this territory had always acted with those of 
Wolfeborough in town affairs. 

By an act passed June 27, 1849, a portion of Alton was annexed to this 
town, and June 26, 1858, a part of Tuftonborough was annexed. The town 
now has a border-line of about thirty miles, or, including the sinuosities of the 
lake shore, thirty-five miles, with an area of about 28,000 acres. 

Topography. — Several bays set in from Lake Winnipiseogee. The one 
lying directly south of Wolfeborough village is the most important. Sur- 
rounded with islands, it is a safe and commodious harbor; connected with 
this by a narrow strait is a smaller bay which flows to the foot of the Smith's 
river falls. A large bay is formed by the projection into the lake of the 
peninsulas Wolfeborough Neck and Tuftonborough Neck. Previous to the 
settlement of Wolfeborough, a heavily ladened boat bound for Moultonborough 
was by stress of weather driven into this bay, and remained during the winter, 
and this gave it the name of "Winter Harbor." 

In the south central part of the town is Lake Wentworth, formerly called 
Smith's pond. It is a fine sheet of water about three miles in diameter, and 
has twenty-one islands; several of these are quite small. The largest, Stamp 
Act (formerly called Mill) Island, contains ninety acres. Triggs Island has 
twenty acres. Jotham Rindge, Governor Wentworth's factotum, placed cusk 
in Lake Went worth, and from these probably Lake Winnipiseogee and other 
waters were supplied. Llisha (ioodwin deposited black bass in this lake. 
These have increased remarkably in numbers, and Wolfeborough has become 
a noted resort for lovers of piscatorial sport, whose votaries furnish employ- 
ment to skilful guides during the summer, a veteran one being John A. 

Town of Woli ebohoi gh. 

The Ponds are : Rust's < formerly Middle 
Beech, Batson's, and Lang's (Levis"). The most important in 
Smith's river, the outlet of Lake Wentworth and Crooked pond, which li 
fall "t twenty-eighl feet, and on which is situated Mill YTllage. South W 
borough is mi the outlel of Rust's pond. The surface of Wolfeborough is 
generally uneven, although there are meadows of considerabli mi 

the borders of Lake Wentworth ami its tributaries, and some small plains 
in other Idealities. 

Mountains. — Along the northern border is a line of high hills. The prh 
pal peaks arc Stockbridge, Beacham, and Moody mountains. On the north- 
easter^ border there are four distinct elevations, of about the same heighl ami 
nearly equi-distant from each other- Batson, Trask, Whiteface, ami Cotton 
(Cutter's) mountains. They are about L,200 feel above the ocean ami 700 
above hake Winnipiseogee. There is a deep, narrow valley between Batson 
and Trask mountains, through which passes the mad leading from Wolfe- 
borough to Ossipee. Whiteface has a nearly perpendicular precipice oi 
oral hundred feet on its eastern side. The rain which falls within a circle 
than one mile in diameter on the top of Cotton mountain reaches the ocean by 
three rivers, the Saco, the Piscataqua, and the .Merrimack, whose outlets are in 
three states. Numerous pictures of beautiful landscape scenery may lie seen 
from these elevated points. The most extensive scenic view is from the top of 
Trask mountain. From this point can be seen both the Kearsarge of Conway 
and the kearsarge of Warner. These two peaks strikingly resemble each 

The Soil of Wolfeborough is generally fertile, although in various place-, dis- 
similar in character. It is, however, meagre in mineral products. Bog-iron 
ore, garnets, and quartz crystals have sometimes been found. Coarse granite 
abounds, but good building stone is scarce. There are several deposits of clay 
and a few mineral springs, whose water is supposed to possess curative proper- 
ties. Its primitive forests were diversified. Tine prevailed in the central [.art 
of the town, beech in the northern part. Maple, oak, and hemlock grew almost 

Aborigines. — Little is known of the aborigines of this section. They were 
probably subject to the Pennacook*; whose headquarters were on the .Merri- 
mack, [ndian relics have frequently been found on the borders of the ponds 
and streams. A stone health and several caches were discovered near ! 
Wentworth: a small plot of cleared hufd now enclosed within Pine Hill i 
tery has ever been called the -Indian Dance." 

At a meeting of the town proprietors, held at the house of Joht -. in 

Portsmouth, on the fourteenth day of November, L759, of which Danii 
Esq., was appointed moderator, and David Sewall, clerk, i! was voted "that the 

284 History of Carroll County. 

township, in honor of the late lamented and illustrious General Wolf, deceased, 
be called WOLFBOROTTGH." General Wolfe had recently fallen at the head of 
the English army, in a successful engagement with the French on the Plains of 
Abraham, near Quebec. The error in the orthography of Wolfe's name was 
transferred to the name of the town. This has been variously written Woolf- 
borough, Wolfsborough, and now Wolfeborough. 

At this meeting of the proprietors, Daniel Rindge, George Meserve, and 
A. I{. Cutter were appointed a committee to procure a survey and division 
of the township into four parts. A tax was assessed for defraying the cost of 
surveying and other current expenses. 

The survey and division of the town was made by Walter Bryant, Jr, who 
constructed a camp for shelter near the present site of the South Wolfeborough 
woolen manufactory. Its exact locality is still pointed out. The work was 
completed in 1762. The grantors drew the northern quarter of the township, 
which was the least valuable division. This was afterwards known as the 
"Lords Quarter.'' This title is now, however, applied to a district comprising 
the northwestern portion of the division. 

At a meeting of the proprietors in April, 1762, Paul March, John Wentworth, 
and A. R. Cutter were appointed a committee to settle five families in the 
township, and were authorized to grant a tract of land to the same not exceed- 
ing one thousand acres, and to pay each settler a sum not exceeding two hun- 
dred and fifty pounds old tenor. 

January 11', 1763, the committee on settlements was authorized to settle 
seven additional families, ''provided that the expense of settling the seven fam- 
ilies did not exceed fourteen hundred acres of land and fourteen hundred 
pounds old tenor." ( )n the seventeenth of October following, the same 
committee, with the addition of Daniel Pierce, was instructed to make a 
load in said township. 

In March, 1764, this committee was directed to grant one additional thou- 
sand acres of land to encourage settlements, and in May were instructed to 
publish in the newspapers notices of the favorable terms which were being 
offered to settlers in Wolfeborough, and also to procure a survey for a road. 
This road was "spotted" by John McDuffee and "cut" by Josiah Miles the 
same season. The next year Miles built bridges across most of the streams 
over which the road passed. This was called the Miles road, and is in the 
main the same as that from New Durham to Tuftonborough through Wolfe- 
borough village. 

Up to this period no success had attended the efforts to effect a settle- 
ment in the township. The proprietors now granted full discretionary power 
to the committee on settlements, and voted additional sums of money for 
accomplishing the object. Still failing to secure settlers, they, in October, 
1765, voted to lay out their portion of the township into twenty-four shares 


of equal value reserving one hundred acres around the falls on Smith's 
river for ;i mill privilege, and a tracl of 1,050 acres in the south pan of the 

town for Elisha Bryanl and others, who proposed to be< ■ settlers, h is 

said that Bryant and three sturdy sons afterwards came to the place, and 
converting the camp formerly occupied l>\ Walter Bryanl into a dwelling, 
commenced felling trees. They, however, remained but a short time. The 
elder Bryant complained thai the limpid stream flowing near his temp. 
domicile furnished an unpalatable beverage. The tract was divided into 
seven lots, and was evidently intended for seven families, h subsequently 
reverted to the proprietors. 

A contracl was made with Paul March to procure a survey of the town for 
twenty-tive pounds, lawful money. The survey was immediate!} commenced 
by Walter Bryant, Jr, and completed within the year. 

On the nineteenth of February, 17dd, the proprietors met at the inn of 
Captain Zachariah Foss, in Portsmouth, for the purpose of drawing their 
respective lots of land. It appears that after the twenty-four lots had beeu laid 
out. there remained a tract bordering on Tuftonborough, and extending from 
the lake to the "Lords' Quarter, 7 ' 302 rods wide at the easterly end, 186 rods 
at the westerly, and comprising 1,750 acres. Of this tract Daniel Pierce, by 
agreement, took one thousand acres, afterwards known as the Great Lot, ami 
gave to the proprietors a quitclaim of his right as a grantee, and also as a 
grantor. It was thus that the lots numbered eleven and fifteen in the grantors' 
quarter came into the possession of the grantees. 

The remaining 750 acres of this tract, together with lots twenty-two ami 
twenty-three, were granted to Paul March on condition that he should waive 
all other claim to a right as a grantee and settle nine families thereon by the 
tilth day of the following October. This tract, which embraced 1,670 acres, 
extended from Tuftonborough line to the Varm-v road. Here were made the 
first permanent settlements in town, but not at so early a date as that ag 
on, and it is evident from subsequent proceedings of the proprietors that some 
portion of the tract came again into their possession. 

Having completed these arrangements with Pierce and March, the drawing 

Drawing of Lots. — The lots were drawn in the following order: — 

No. I of 640 acres by Jonathan Rindge. 

18 (!00 ,, rohn Rindge. 

7 642 rohn Wentworth. 

I 560 „ John Lang- 

19 560 „ Nat Ifl 1'. Sargent. 

■2\ 600 , lohn Park 

15 COO „ Henry Rust. 

i:i isi) „ George Kin-. 

12 550 Thos. Wentworth. 

286 History of Carroll County. 

No. 8 G48 acres Daniel Kludge. 

9 642 ,, Henry Apthorp. 

M iso ,, Daniel Treadwell. 

17 GOO „ Robert Odiorne. 

20 710 „ Win. E. Tredwell. 

2 GOO „ Win. Parker, Jr. 

11 550 ,, Joshua Brackett. 

21 650 ,, George Meserve. 

16 440 „ David Sewall. 

3 5.">0 ,, . Thomas Darling. 

10 048 ,, Samuel Moffatt. 

5 648 ,, Isaac Rindge. 

6 648 „ A. It. Cutter. 

It was required by the Masonian Proprietors that their quarter should be 
divided into twenty shares, or lots, at the expense of the grantees. Fifteen 
shares in all the Masonian grants were for the purchasers of the patent, two for 
their attorneys, and three for public purposes. In this case, however, their 
reservation was divided into eighteen shares, which were drawn as follows : — 

Lot No. 9 for the Ministry. 

,, 17 John VVentworth. 

,, 15 Joshua Pierce. 

,, 12 George Jaffrey. 

,, 6 Thomas Packer. 

,, 14 John Moffatt. 

,, 11 D. Pierce and M. Moore. 

„ 2 Mark H. Wentworth. 

,, 1 Thomas Wallingford. 

,, 18 The First Minister. 

,, 7 John Rindge. 

„ 13 : Solley & Marsh. 

,, 8 Meserve, Blanchard & Co. 

,, 5 Robinson & Mason. 

„ 3 Richard VVibird. 

,, 16 Jotham Odiorne. 

,, 1 The School. 

,, 10 Theodore Atkinson. 

These lots, with the exception of one, averaged about three hundred acres. 
This contained live hundred. 

At the meeting for drawing lots, it was voted that each proprietor should 
settle one family on his "right" on or before the first day of March, 1709, or 
forfeit two hundred acres of land. On the twenty-second day of the following 
May it was voted to grant to George Meserve forty-five pounds, lawful money, 
the mill lot, and Mill Island, on condition that he should erect a sawmill and a 
gristmill at the falls on Smith's river, the sawmill to be completed by the last 
of November, and the gristmill in two years from the date of the grant. 

Town «>f Wolfeboroi gh. 

Meserve erected a sawmill and perhaps an inferior gristmill, but not v, 
the time specified in the agreement. The sum of inone} stipulated 
him in L768, but his claim to the mill privilege and Mill Island was dec 

When the survey of the township was made by Bryanl in L765, he estimated 
the Neck at 1,200 acres, and divided it into two lots, numbered fift 
twenty-four. The former was drawn by Henry Rust, the latter l>\ John 
Parker. Subsequently, when an actual survey of it was made, it was found 
to contain only 547 acres. In July, 1766, the whole trad was confirmed to 
John Parker, and it was voted to granl to Henrj Rusl as much land (out of 
the 1. 050 acre tract once granted to Elisha Bryant and others, and now 
declared forfeited) as would make his share equal to one of the other proprie- 
tors. Six hundred acres were laid out for him, which was reallj a very valuable 
lot, including as it did the falls on the outlet of Middle pond. 

During the summer of 17f>7, the first trees for a permanent settlement v. 
felled by Benjamin Blake and Reuben Libbey. Here happened one of those 
casualties so common to new enterprises. They were felling the last tree they 
designed to cut, when Libbey 's leg was broken. Blake sel the bone as well as 
he was able, and placed Libbey beside a log, sheltering him from the rays of 
the sun with brush. He left him their small remnant of food and a bucket of 
water, and set out for Gilmanton. He was absent two days. Libbey, in the 
meantime, having drunk the water left him, suffered greatly from thirst as well 
as from the swarms of annoying insects. On the evening of the second day 
help arrived, and an examination by the medical attendant showed that Blake's 
surgery required no emendation. 

In the spring of 1 708. Benjamin Blake, William Fullerton, Joseph Lary, and 
James Lucas commenced, settlements. Blake arrived a little before the others, 
and with the aid of his wife erected a log house, in which he resided with his 
family eighteen years. He was from Epping, and commenced operations on 
the lot of hind now occupied by his great-grandson. Fullerton. Lary, and 
Lucas came from Suncook (now Pembroke), fullerton settled on the farm 
now occupied by Rev. Seth Hinckley; Lary on that occupied by James 
Wiggin, and Lucas on that now in the possession of L 11. Manning. These 
persons settled under the patronage of Paul March, and received each one 
hundred acres of land on the .Miles road and fifty acres on Pine Hill. 

The same year Thomas Taylor and Thomas Piper settled under the same 
conditions as Blake, Fullerton, Lary, and Lucas. Taylor remained but a short 
time, and the lot came into the possession of Jonathan Chase. Jacob Folsom 
Boon after purchased the place, and it is now occupied b\ his grandson, John <I. 
Folsom. Samuel Meader occupies the lot on which Piper set tied. Wentworth 
also sent men to make an opening on his lot in 17''> s . 

Four proprietors failed to put families on their respective lots seasonal 

288 History of Carroll County. 

and two hundred acres of each lot were forfeited. October 11, 1769, these 
forfeited hinds were granted to " His Excellency, John Wentworth, Esq., 
on condition that lie complies with the terms of settling said rights within 
twelve months from this date." The governor eventually obtained possession 
of the whole of these four lots and also of others. The same year the 
proprietors built, or perhaps only "cut," several roads. This was the case 
with three miles of the proprietors' road to Conway. It was several years 
before this was completed. This is the road which passes through Cotton 
valley over llawley hill and Trash mountain towards Ossipee Corner. 

October 11 it was voted " that the mill-stream and privilege which had been 
granted George Meserve was, on account of conditions broken by him, forfeited 
and reverted to the proprietors." March 28, 1770, the same was granted to Dr 
A. R. Cutter and David Sewall, "on condition that they have a good gristmill 
built to the acceptance of the proprietors in eighteen months from date, and 
that they keep said mill and the sawmill in good order and repair." Cutter 
and Sewall retained an interest in the property for several years. There were 
yet a few hundred acres of land unappropriated, and the road building com- 
mittee was authorized to give to each settler fifty acres, except to an investor. 

At the same time " Captain Henry Rust, Dr A. R. Cutter, and John Parker 
were appointed a committee to apply to the governor and council to incor- 
porate the township." They were successful, and a charter was granted 
August 21, 1770. 


Province of New Hampshire, George the Third, by the Grace of God, King of Great 
Britain, France and Ireland. The Defender of the Faith, &c. 

To all people to whom these presents shall come, Greeting: 

Whereas our loyal subjects, inhabiting a tract of land within our said Province of New 
Hampshire, known by the name of Wolfborough, have humbly petitioned and requested us 
that they may be erected and incorporated into a township, and enfranchised with the same 
powers and privileges with other towns within our said province, and which they by law hold 
and enjoy ; And it appearing unto us to be conducive to the general good of our said province, 
as well as to the said inhabitants in particular, by maintaining good order, and encouraging 
the culture of the land, that the same should be done ; Know ye, therefore, that we, of our 
special grace, certain knowledge, and for the encouragement and promotion of the good end 
and purpose aforesaid, by and with the advice of our trusty and well beloved John Went- 
worth, Esq., our Governor and Commander-in-Chief, and of our Council for said Province of 
New Hampshire, have erected and ordained, and, by these pi'esents, for us, our heirs and suc- 
cessors, do will and ordain, that our loving subjects residing on the tract of land aforesaid, or 
that shall hereafter reside and improve thereon; (the same being butted and bounded as 
follows: Beginning at the northeasterly corner of a tract of land called New Durham, then 
running north forty-eight degrees, east on the head or upper line of a tract of land called 
Middleton, and on that called Salmon Falls town or East town, or as those headlines run, 
joining l hereon, and running so far as that a line running from thence six miles northwest, and 
then southwest to Winnipiseokee Pond, and then by the side of said pond joining thereon, 
until the aforesaid corner first mentioned bears southeast; and then running southeast to the 

Town of Wolfeboroi gh. 

said corner, which completes bhirty-sis square miles, the cont< i 

be, and bythese presents are declared and ordained to be n town uorpoi 

erected and incorporated into a body politick and corporate, to have cou 

sion !mic\ er, by the name oJ Wolfbokoi gh, \\ itli all powers, uuthorities, prl> 

cities and franchises, which any other towns in said Province bj law hold and enjoy • \ 

reserving to us, our heirs and successors, the Full power and right "i dividing 

ii shall appear necessary and convenient for the inhabitants thereof; ulso reserving 

heirs and successors, all white pine trees which are <>v shall be found, growing ami 

within and upon the said i racl of land, fn for the use of our royal navy. Tin- -aid inhab 

by these presents shall have and enjoy the liberty and privilege ol holding an 

Man within the said town 5 which Fair shall be held and kept on the flrsl Tu< »wlng 

the twenty-first day of September annually. 

Provided nevertheless, and it, is hereby declared i hat i his charier :md grant i- not intended, 
and shall not, in any manner, be con -trued to a ileei the private property ol the soil within the 
limits aforesaid ; and. a- the several towns within our said province, are, by the laws thereof 
enabled and authorized to assemble, and, by the majority of the voter- present, to choos 
officers, and transact such a Hair- a- in the said laws are declared; We do, by these pr< 
nominate and appoint Mr Jotham Rindge to call the first meeting of said inhabitants, to !>■• 
held within the said town, on the 28th day oJ September inst., giving legal notice ol the time 
and design of holding .such meeting; after which the annual meeting of said town shall I"- 
held therein for the choice of said officers, and the purposes aforesaid, on the last Tuesday of 
March annually. 

In testimony whereof, we have caused the seal of our said Province to be hereunto 

Witness, our truly and well beloved John Wentworth, Esquire, our Governor and Com- 
mander-in-Chief aforesaid, the twenty-first day of August, in the tenth year ol our reign, 
Anno Domino Christi, 1770. 

Bj His Excellency's command, with advice of Council. 

.1. WENTWOR I II. I . 8. 

Agreeably to the foregoing charter, the inhabitants, being duh notii 
mot on the twenty-eighth day of September, 1770. and made choice of the 
following officers: "Mr James Lucas, moderator; Mr Jotham Rindge, town 
clerk: Captain Thomas Lucas, .John Sinclair, and Jacob 3 L, selectmen ; 

Thomas Taylor, constable: Benjamin Blake, Samuel Tibbetts, Aaron I 
and Benjamin Folsom, surveyors." At the annual town meeting held ai John 
Sinclair's on the twenty-fifth day of March, 1771, Thomas Lucas was elected 
moderator; John Flagg, town clerk ; and Lucas, Sceggell, and Sinclair, se 
men: Ithiel Clifford, constable; Benjamin Folsom and Samuel Tibbetts, sur- 
veyors of highways; Benjamin Folsom and Thomas Piper, fence viewers: 
Benjamin Folsom and Thomas Piper, hog reeves, h was voted to build a 
pound on Samuel Tibbett's lot ; the same to he twenty feel square and seven 
feel high. This pound was built by Andrew Wiggin, Jr, for twelve shil 
he having made the lowest bid for the contract. Samuel Tibbetl 
pound-keeper, to which office he was reelected for many years. Pound-ki 
and hog reeves were much more important officers than now. < attle and 
swine being allowed to mam ai Large in the woods, it became neces have 

definite regulations in regard to them. Hence the relative impoi I 

-'.hi History of Carroll County. 

offices. The ramblings of domestic animals rendered them so familiar to the 
wild tenants of the forest, that deer have been known to herd with young 
cattle and follow them to the farmyard. 

Fair. — In the charter of the town permission was granted to hold an 
annual fair. This was held for quite a number of years, commencing on 
Tuesday and continuing throughout the remainder of the week, during which 
time the festivities were kept up without intermission. This festival was 
held in a public inn kept by Joseph Lary. Jockeys from distant towns were 
accustomed to visit the place on these occasions, and antiquated nags, rejuve- 
nated by the pharmaceutic skill of the trickster, would change owners half a 
score of times. The road fronting the diminutive tavern was used as a race- 
course, and horse and foot races, wrestling, throwing quoits, and other 
gymnastics occupied the day, while the night was spent in telling stories, 
card-playing, and dancing. The more staid portion of the population visited 
these scenes but little. Confined to severe labor during most of the year, as 
were the people generally, and unrestrained by the influences of religious 
training, it is not strange that in a time of relaxation from toil they should 
give unbridled license to fun and frolic. Though obstreperous their mirth 
and rough their sports, quarrels seldom occurred. They sought pleasure, rude 
though it might be, and would not have this marred by brawls. At length, 
however, the questionable character of these fairs led to their discontinuance. 

At the annual meeting in TXTJ^ " John Sinkler " was chosen town clerk, 
and as a literary curiosity, the record of that meeting is inserted verbatim et 
literatim. It is, however, proper to observe that the records of the town were 
generally well kept, and that " Mr Sinkler " served as town clerk only one 

Province of New hamsher County of Starford. 
At the aneuil town meting of the freeholders ;ind inhabetens of the town of Wolfsborough 
met at John Sinklers the 30 Day of march 1773 

I Voted thomas Lukes moderator 2 John Sinkler town clerk 3 Bengmon folsom 
4 thomas tayler 5 James Connor Selekmen 6 Joseph Lary Constable 7 thomas Lukes 
Benjamin folsom sevairs of high ways 8 thomas Piper Bengmon folsom hog Reeves 
!) Bengmon Blake Jorge Woodhouse fence viewers 10 thomas Piper Jonathan Harsey Dear 

I I Voted to Raise Ave Pounds Lawfull money for a scoole 

12 Voted that the Rods Be Repaired By urate. 

13 Voted Cornel henery Rust Capt thomas Lukes Commety men 
11 that the Seleckmen By A Book to keep their A Counts in 

15 thomas Piper Culler of Lumber 

16 Samuel Tebbetts Chose Pound Keeper 

17 Jacob Scegil Chose Juery men. 

It will be seen that there was then a town officer termed deer-keeper, 
whose business was to prevent the destruction of that animal at unseasonable 

Town of \v< >l,feb< >roi gh. 

times. This was the first instance in which the town voted to i 
although it is pretty certain thai the selectmen had pr. 
assessments. Jurors al this period were chosen al town el 

'I'hc firsl Legal instrument issued by the town authoril 
highway surveyor's warrant. Here is a copj of it: 

Province ol Newhamshirc County ■■! - 
To Capt. Thomas McLucas one of the Sevars of Wolfborough for the Coranl 

You are in his Majesty's (name) Required in Lavy and I the inhul 

Estats as they are Sel Down in this List of Rats Delivered to you the total to 
thirteen Pound five shillings and Sixpence Lawful] Money which Mone} yo 
..I' -.1 [nhabitanes and Estats in Labor at Two Shilings Pr Day which you an 
the Main Road from Tuftinborough Line to Birch Camp So Coled ami it an 
[nhabitans Shall Neglect or Refuse to Pay the above Sura or Sum- Given to you in -.1 
l.i-i you are to Distraint on the Goods Chatels or Estats and them safely Ceap the 

of four Days at the charge of the owner or owners of sd <; 1- and < batels and it -.1 

owner or owners Shall Not Pay sd sum or sums within -.-ml I'm.' Days you are to ■ 
ami -HI at Publick Vendue, to pay sd sum oi- sums with Incidental I harges a- the Law 
Directs, ami Return the over Plush money it any there be ameadtly to the owner or owners. 
Dat.d at Wolfborough this 2 Day of September 177;; and in the L3th year of Hi- Maji 

I'.enj. Folsom, | 

Thomas Taj lor, Selectmen. 

James < lonnor, j 

In November, 177-5, the proprietors voted to raise thirty pounds, lawful 
money, " towards building a meeting-house not less than 30 by 1" feet," ami 
appointed Colonel Henry Rust and Dr A. R.Carter a committee to attend to 
the matter. At the annual meeting in March, 1771. the subject was brought 
before the citizens of the town, who voted not to raise any oione} for that 
purpose. Hence the attempt to build a meeting-house at that time failed. 

In 1774 Matthew Stanley Parker was chosen town clerk. He held the 
office several years. At this election tithing-men, auditors, and cullers 
lumber were added to the list of town officers. The town also voted to raise 
live pounds for a school, to he added to the sum raised the preceding year for 
that purpose. It is somewhat doubtful if this or the other sum 
expended. Probably neither was ever collected. In August of this year the 
town voted to raise six pounds, six shillings, to hire a minister at the rate of 
twenty-one shillings a week. 

From 1770 to 1775 Wolfeborough enjoyed greal prosperity, and there was a 
Large increase in its population. In the northeast part Governor Wentworth 
was making extensive improvements. His agents gave employment to many 
laborers, and persons of rank and property were proposing to 
Substantial families were likewise settling in the southwesl part, and il 
probable that it would become one of the most important towns in the pro ince. 
But in 177.7 a great change took place. Governor Wentworth, its principal 

292 History of Carroll County. 

patron, was compelled to abandon his estate and leave the country. Many of 
his political adherents pursued a similar course. Persons of wealth who 
through his influence had settled in town left it; and others who contem- 
plated making it their place of residence abandoned the purpose. Laborers 
who had found constant employment and ready pay now sought other sections 
of the country, or awaited the slow though sure return of labor bestowed in 
converting the dense forests into fruitful fields. The unsettled condition of 
the country, arising from the revolt of the people against the regularly consti- 
tuted forms <>!' government, rendered it difficult to enforce such rules and 
regulations as were conducive to the general welfare. 

At a town-meeting held March 13, 1775, it was voted to raise fourteen 
shillings, that sum being the town's proportion of the expense of sending dele- 
gates from the colony of New Hampshire to the Continental Congress; and at 
the annual meeting, held on the twenty-eighth of the same month, it was voted 
to raise fifteen pounds for the purpose of hiring preaching the ensuing summer. 
These sums were assessed by the selectmen, but could not be collected, as a 
portion of the people refused to acknowledge their authority. 

It appears that in 177o a sum of money was raised to purchase a town stock 
of ammunition. At a town-meeting held in June, 1775, Moses Ham was 
appointed an agent to expend the money for the specified purpose. He visited 
Portsmouth, purchased powder and lead which he manufactured into " bullets." 
The stock consisted of twenty-six pounds of powder and sixty-five pounds of 
bullets. On the seventh of August the town appointed "a committee of 
safety," consisting of Moses Wingate, Moses Ham, Robert Calder, John Sin- 
clair, and James Connor. At the same meeting Moses I lam was chosen a 
delegate to the Provincial Congress. At a meeting of this congress, held on 
the twenty-fifth of the same month, it was recommended to the selectmen of 
the several towns in the province to number and classify the inhabitants of 
their respective towns, and also to ascertain the number of firearms and the 
amount of ammunition within their precincts. They were also required to 
use their influence in restraining the people from "burning their powder in 
shooting birds and other game/' 

Agreeably to these instructions, an inventory of the town of Wolfeborough 
was taken. It here follows: — 

Males under 1(! years of age 57 

,, between 16 and 50 years of age, not in the army 53 

,, above 50 years of age 4 

,, absent, in the army 4 

Females of all ages 91 

Slaves 2 

Firearms fit for use, ineluding pistols .">f 

Number of pounds <>l powder, private property 5 


The four persons absent in the army were probably Enoch I 
Piper, John Piper, and [chabod Tibbetts. 

From an inventory taken in L776, there were in the northeasterly i -r. 
the town IT ratable polls sixteen years of age and upwards, II cows, I i 
and I horse. Another list about the same date reads thus: 

Hide and wife and six children, one house; Durgiu and wife; Calder ami wife nn 
children, one bouse, one barn; Cotton and wife and eighl children, one hou«<\ one 
Shortridge and wife and four children ; Frosl and wife and seven children; Samuel i 
Jr, and wife and six children, one bouse, one barn; Joseph Keniston and wife und 
children, one barn; Leavitt and wife and two children, one bouse, one barn; Furber and 
wife and three children, one house; Pribble and seven children; Lary and wife and 
children, one house, one barn; Glynn, one house, one barn ; Triggs and wife and one child. 

Governor Wentworth and his Farm. — Sir John Wentworth, a.m.. ll.d., .1 
descendant of Elder William Wentworth (one of Rev. John Wheelwright's 
company at Exeter in 1638), was sun of Mark Hunking Wentworth, grandson 
of Lieutenant-Governor John Wentworth, and nephew of Hon. Benning Went- 
worth, his immediate predecessor as governor. He was born in 1736, graduated 
from Harvard in 1755, and became associated with his father in his I 
mercantile business. lie went to England as agenl of the province, and his 
talents commended him to the ministry, while his high social position, suave 
manners, correct literary tastes, and brilliant conversational powers made him 
strong friends in prominent positions. Through his personal influence he 
secured the repeal of the odious Stain}) Act, and when not thirty-one was 
appointed governor of New Hampshire, and also "surveyor of the king's 
woods" for North America. lie entered upon his gubernatorial duties in 
17»>7. Rev. Dr Dwight wrote of him: — 

Governor John Wentworth was the greatest benefactor of this province. He was a man 
of sound understanding, refined tastes, enlarged views, and a dignified spirit. His manners 
were elegant and his disposition enterprising. Agriculture here owed more to him than any 

oilier man. He originated building new roads, and improved old ones. He was very popular, 
had an unimpeachaWe character, and retired with a high reputation. 

His administration ended with the uprising of the people which began the 
Revolution. At first the governor thought he could secure the repeal of the 
obnoxious laws, but he was not in England and could not. His last act as 
governor was to prorogue the Assembly in September, L775. Notwithstandin 
his great personal popularity, the rising tide of independence -wept him 
his influence together out of the country. He was later created a baronet, and 
was governor of Nova Scotia from .May. L792, to April. L808. His wife was 
Frances, widow of Theodore Atkinson, Jr. 

At the drawing of lots in Wolfeborough, Governor Wentworth drew "lot 

294 History of Carroll County. 

No. 7."" (On this lot is now the farm of Timothy Y. Cotton.) Later he 
secured five lots bordering on Lake Wentworth, extending from the "sands" 
to Stephen Ourginjs farm. These six lots and one other in the "grantors'" 
division made him the owner of nearly four thousand acres. It appears from 
a letter written by the governor, April 25, 1768, to Colonel Thomas M. Waldron, 
of Dover, that it was not alone the desire to form an English countiy-seat here 
that caused him to obtain and develop this land, but that his chief object was 
to rapidly develop the resources of the province, and that he looked for others 
to follow his example in this field. In the same letter he writes: "Mr Benja- 
min Hart, overseer of my designations in the wilderness, and Mr Webb, who is 
to reside there as farmer, are now on their first expedition to clear a few acres 
and build a humble habitation for me.'* In 1708, 1769, and 1770 a large force 
of laborers was employed here, a- great extent of forest cleared away, iields 
sown, orchards planted, a large garden laid out, and the mansion erected. The 
site of the house was on a small plain about one hundred rods from Lake 
Went worth. 

This house was one hundred feet long and forty feet broad. It had two 
stories: the upper eighteen, and the lower ten feet high. It fronted both east 
and west. A hall twelve feet wide extended across it, entered at each end by 
Large doors. The principal room in the upper story was the "East India 
chamber," the walls covered with finely painted paper, representing life scenes 
in the East. Here was a white marble fireplace ; on each side were niches in 
which to place statues. On the same floor were the " green room " and the 
"blue room," and the "king and queen's chamber." In the last was a fireplace 
of gray marble. Here were likewise niches, and in them were placed statues 
of the king and queen. In the lower story were the porch (built without the 
main building), storeroom, kitchen, dining-room, sitting-room, and library. In 
this was a black marble fireplace with a tile hearth. A narrow passage 
extended from the main hall to the east end. The western part, two fifths of 
the building, remained unfinished. Tradition says this west end was intended 
tbr ;i court-room, and about this time the Assembly passed an act to "eventu- 
ally hold the courts of Strafford county one half the time at Wolfeborough." 

The expense of erecting this edifice must have been very great. Some of 
the material was brought from England; other portions obtained at Ports- 
mouth, and transported as follows: taken to Lake Winnipiseogee with teams, 
boated across the lake, then conveyed to Lake Wentworth, and floated to its 
place of destination. The two large, old-fashioned chimneys were made from 
bricks that it is said were made at the foot of the falls in Smith's river, from 
clay brought from Clay point, four miles distant. The house was ready for 
occupancy in 1770, as witness this mention in the New Hampshire Gazette of 
-Inly 17, 1770: "Last Tuesday His Excellency, our Governor, set out for his 
country-seat on Winnipiseogee pond, and we hear his lady sets out next week 

Town of \V<>u ebi iri >ugh. 

for the same place, to reside during the summer season." Extensivi inn 
infills went on. A pari of several hundred acres was fenced; the f< 
made by first digging a ditch twelve feel wide, and witli the earth thrown 
forming an embankment on the outer side; upon this were placed large fallen 
lives. This park was stocked with moose and deer. A mall bordered with 
elms (some of them still standing) extended Prom the lake past the bouse into 
the grounds. The "Rockingham," a two-masted boat, was placed in I. 

Wentworth and a sloop in Lake Winnipiseogee. Substantial and mi 

farm buildings were built and solid stonewalls abounded. (The remai 
the "governor's road" can be traced by the stone bridges, facings, and 
walls along it.) 

The people of this town justly regarded Governor Wentworth as a bene- 
factor, lie furnished them employment, paid them liberally, and evinced .1 

deep interest in their welfare. Had he remained in the C nr\ and retained 

his official position, the town would probably have become one of the mosl 
important in the province; hut he was obliged to relinquish his estate and 
government and leave his country. He removed from Wolfeborough only his 
plate a nd line stud of horses, and left a large herd of ueal cattle of superior 
breed, all his furniture, utensils, and provisions. There were also left behind 
two slaves. 

When he went away the governor evidently intended to soon return, but 
the excitement of the people of the lower towns and the widening breach 
between the people and the government prevented it. He died in 1820, 
eighty-three. In the same year his residence here was burned, and a verj large 
[»ine-tree on Mt Delight, under which he and his family not infrequently dined, 
was shattered by lightning. 

The estate was confiscated not long after. The cattle were used for beef in 
the colonial army and the other effects wasted and sold for small sums. 

In 1780 two brothers, Andrew and John Cabot, of Beverly, Mass., pur- 
chased the farm with the intention of making it a stock farm. They cleared 
and improved more land, built' a stone fence, erected two hams, a large stable, 
and other farm buildings. They also built the Stoddard house, intending it for 
a private academy ami residence of the teacher. They purchased the fines! 
breeds of horses and cattle. At one time they had twenty-five horses and 
about one hundred neat cattle on the farm. 

The Cabots died, and in or about L805 Daniel Raynard becai wn 

most of the land, paying $17,000 for it. lie brought to town the 
carriage of pleasure. After his death in a few years, th< 
reduced by repeated sales to a moderate sized farm, which, in 1823, Mrs 
Raynard exchanged for one in Tuftonborough, where she resided unti 
death. She was cousin of lion. Thomas L. Whitton, her maiden name ; 
Margarette Whitton. Mr Whitton and his sons now own th the 

296 History of Carroll County. 

governor's buildings stood. The barn built by the governor blew over; the 
buildines erected by the ("abets have been removed, and most of the stone 
fences have tumbled down. 'Flic orchard has a few old scraggy trees standing, 
while the fields and the gardens have been converted into sheep pastures. 
Time and -the woodman's axe" have, however, spared a few of the elms that 
shaded the mall, while in tin' cellar over which once stood the stately mansion 
art' the stumps of trees which grew in a vain attempt to hide the sorrowful 
ruins of former greatness. 


Something about the Proprietors — Early Settlers — Early Eamilies and their Descendants. 

SOMETHING about the Proprietors. — Richard Wibird was one of the 
purchasers of Mason's Patent. He was educated at Cambridge and 
graduated in 1722. Soon after he engaged in merchandising, which he 
followed through life. In 1739 he was appointed one of His Majesty's council, 
and in 1756 judge of probate. He retained these offices until his death in 

Thomas Packer, a purchaser of Mason's Patent, was the sheriff of the 
province of New Hampshire who executed Ruth Blay in December, 1708. 
He died in 1771. He is represented as an upright man, faithful in the 
discharge of his official duties, but rigidly severe in the execution. 

Theodore Atkinson was the largest owner of the Masonian claim, having 
purchased one fifth of it. He was educated at Harvard, where he graduated in 
171S. Soon after he was appointed a lieutenant, and in 1720 clerk of the 
court of common pleas. For many years he commanded the first regiment of 
militia in the province. He held the offices of collector of customs, naval 
"Hirer, and sheriff. In 1734 he was admitted to a seat in the council, and in 
1741 appointed secretary of the province. He was one of the delegates to the 
congress that met at Albany in 1754. He was afterwards appointed chief 
justice of the superior court, He died in 1779. 

Mark II. Wentworth, father of Governor John Wentworth, was a merchant 
and furnished many masts and spars for the British navy. His various branches 
of business brought him a large fortune. He was one of the original purchasers 
of Mason's Patent, of which he owned two fifteenths. A large claimant 
against the confiscated estate of his son, he generously withdrew his claim 

T<>\\ \ OF WOLFEB< m QH. 

that other creditors might be paid in full. He was for man 
of the provisional council. He died in L785. 

George Jaffrej was appointed one of the provisional council in 11 
held the office of treasurer. II.' was Eor many yea of the M 

Proprietors, of whom he \\ as one. 

John Parker, second s< f William Parker, Esq., was Winn in 1732. In 

1771 he was appointed sheriff of the province, and after its division into coun- 
ties, sheriff of Rockingham county. When the federal governmenl went into 
operation he was appointed marshal of the district of New Hampshire. I 
offices be held until his death, which occurred in 1791. He was nevi r married, 
hut educated several nephews. 

Joshua Bracketl was born in Greenland in May, L733, and graduated al II 
van! College in 17">_. He then applied himself to the study of theology and 
preached a short time. He afterwards relinquished this employment for the 
practice of medicine. In 1783 the Massachusetts Medical Society elected him 
an honorary member, and in 1791 "he was complimented by his Alma Mater 
with a medical doctorate." When the New Hampshire Medical Society was 
organized in 1791, he was elected the first vice-president, and in 1793 succeeded 
Governor Bartlett as president. He laid the foundation of a medical library in 
this society by presenting it with one hundred and forty-three valuable b 
A short time before his decease he requested his wile to convey certain prop- 
erty, worth about fifteen hundred dollars, when she should no Longer need it. 
to the University of Cambridge, for a professorship in natural history and 
botany, sciences for which he had great taste. He was appointed judge of the 
maritime court for this state at the beginning of the Revolution. He died in 
1802. He gave his nephew. John Brackett, one hundred acres of land out of 
his proprietor's lot, No. 11. 

Daniel Pierce is represented as being "affable, judicious, and sensible," and 
a friend to the poor. lie held the offices of recorder of deeds and justice of 
the peace many years: and in 1766 was appointed one of Mis Majes 
council. He usually acted as moderator at proprietary meetings. He died in 

David Sewall, after practising law for awhile in Portsmouth, removed to 
York county, Maine. He was afterward judge of the Tinted States circuit 
conn . He frequently visited Wolfeborough, being for many years .i joint 
owner with Dr (utter of the mills on Smith's river. 

William Parker, Jr, was probably a brother of John Parker, and s< n of 
William Parker, Esq., of Portsmouth. He died in L81 .;. 

Jotham, John, Daniel, and Isaac Rindge were relatives "( Governor W 
worth. Jotham appears to have had the care of the goven He 

was authorized to call the first meeting of the inhabitants of W 
and was appointed the first town clerk. Daniel was a member of the provin- 
cial council, appointed in 1 776. 

298 History of Carroll County. 

Isaac Rindge was quite prominent; aided in establishing the northeast 
boundary, and during Governor Went worth's operations erected a house here. 
As he was a loyalist, the Provincial Congress directed him, November 15, 1775, 
to remove himself to some place at least fifteen miles from Portsmouth, there 
to remain until he was granted leave to go abroad. This restriction was 
removed January 3, 1 7 7 < > . Wolfeborough was doubtless the place of his exile, 
as he evidently lived here before and after Governor Wentworth left the town. 

Annni Ruhamah (utter was born at North Yarmouth, Maine, in 1735. He 
was son of the first minister of that place, and was educated at Harvard, 
where he graduated in 175*2. He studied medicine with Dr Clement 
Jackson, of Portsmouth. Soon after he was appointed surgeon of a regiment 
raised to oppose the French and Indians, and was present at the capture of 
Louisburg. lie returned to Portsmouth, and his practice soon became exten- 
sive. He was offered a seat in the provincial council, but declined. He 
readily espoused the cause of his native country in her struggle with Great 
Britain. Being earnestly solicited, he took charge of the medical department 
of the northern army. On the surrender of General Burgoyne, he returned 
home. He was delegate to the convention that formed the constitution of 
the state ; this is the only instance of his leaving his professional duties 
to discharge those of political life. He was for several years president 
of the New Hampshire Medical Society. He was an honorary member of 
the Massachusetts Medical Society and the Massachusetts Humane Society. 
He took a deep interest in the affairs of Wolfeborough, was for many years 
a proprietor of lands within the town, and was accustomed to make many 
visits, both friendly and professional, to its citizens. He lived a Christian 
life and died in the act of prayer, on the eighth day of December, 1820, aged 
eighty-six years. 

Thomas Wallingford was a native of Somersworth. In early life he was 
in indigent circumstances. He engaged in mercantile business and was very 
successful. By becoming one of the purchasers of Mason's Patent he acquired 
a great landed interest in various parts of the province. He commanded a 
regiment of militia, and was one of the judges of the superior court. He 
was taken suddenly ill at a public house in Portsmouth, where he died on 
I he fourth of August, 1771. 

•lot ha m Odiorne was a member of the council and a purchaser of 
M;i -oil's Patent. 

.lames Stoodley was a noted taverner of Portsmouth. His hotel, on Daniel 
street, was burned in 1761, and rebuilt. It had a place for some years in the 
" almanack " as being the usual resort for entertainment of travelers from 
Boston to Maine. 

Jonathan Warner married a cousin of Governor John Wentworth, and 
was one of the council previous to the Revolution. His tax in 1770 was 
exceeded in amount by only two persons. 

Town of Wolpeborough. 

George Meserve, Esq., born in Portsn th, was in 

Stamp Act was enacted in L765, and appointed the agenl for distribu 
stamps in Nt'\v Hampshire. Three days after his arrival in H 
burned in effigy, and on his arrival there was surrounded 1>\ a tin 
crowd, to pacifj whom he made a public resignation of his office on the 
parade. .Much of his large landed property here was confiscated during the 
Revolution, but he retained, evidently, the title to some. He was a Ioa 
and left the country before hostilities began. 

Kaim.y Settlers, am» Other Sketches. Benjamin Blake was the 
first permanent settler, lie was a hardy and somewhat eccentric man. When 
pressed with labor, he would remain in his Held for several days in succession, 
taking his food and sleeping on the bare earth; and it was do unusual 
occurrence for him in the winter season to visit his bam and feed his si 
before he had put on the usual habiliments of the day. He served in the 
army, and when returning from Ticonderoga walked home barefo 
although the ground was partially covered with snow. His wife, whose 
maiden name was Conner, was a large-sized, athletic woman. They had 
several children. Jonathan, a son horn soon after their arrival in Wolfe- 
borough, afterwards became one of the most prominent citizens. He served 
the town as one of the board of selectmen eighteen years, frequently presided 
at town-meetings, and was several times a member of the state legislature. 
He has quite a number of descendants distinguished for large size and great 
strength. He died February 12, 1824. aged ninety-two. 

Reuben Libbey felled trees in 1767, on the lot of one hundred acres which 
he purchased of John Parker. He chose the lo1 on Wolfeborough Neck 
furthest from the mainland, as it lay near the water-route to and from 
Moultonborough. He brought with him a horse, a yoke of oxen, and a few 
sheep. These were the first animals of the kind in town. He married Sarah, 
daughter of William Fullerton. This was the first marriage solemnized in 
town. The ceremony took place under an oak-tree near Smith's bridge, and 
was conducted by a clergyman from Portsmouth visiting the place. Libbey 
became noted as a bear hunter. In one season he killed thirty-six. He was 
uneducated but had good ability, and did considerable business. Ik acted 
as constable and selectman for several years and was the second representative. 
He was deputy sheriff about twenty years. 

Joseph kaiy married Hannah Blake, and moved to Gilead, Maine, in IT 
His brother Jonathan was selectman and lieutenant of the training hand. II 
was father of the first white child born in the town. 

From tin- purchase of Mason's Patent in 1746 land speculation ran high 
New Hampshire. Numerous grants of townships were made, and i 
number of persons had thus become landed proprietors. All were 
Becure settlers, that they might realize pecuniar} advantage Erom their 

300 History of Carroll County. 

possessions. Land was necessarily held at a low price, even in the more 
densely populated towns, and comparatively few persons could be induced to 
endure the privations incident to a pioneer life, when they could purchase a 
farm in a settled neighborhood for a mere trifle. There were no roads leading 
to Wolfeborough. It was a long time after the building of the Miles road 
through the town he fore a road was opened through New Durham, lying south- 
east of it, and cutting it off from the lower towns. Travel and transportation 
were carried on principally over the lake. Yet after a settlement was once 
begun, few towns had a more rapid increase of population. 

The earl\ settlers were generally poor, consisting mostly of persons who 
were willing to bear the toils and endure the hardships inseparably connected 
with an attempt at a settlement in the New England forest wilds. They 
possessed strong muscles and determined wills, and these constituted their 
principal capital. There is little doubt but that emigration to this town was 
much stimulated by the example and influence of Governor Wentworth, and a 
very few men of property were induced to become citizens. 

For a few years the settlers were subjected to many inconveniences. Those 
living in the west part drew their hay six or eight miles on hand-sleds, taking 
it from the meadows near Smith's pond, or from the opposite shore of Lake 
Winnipiseogee. Meal and other necessary articles of food were brought on 
the shoulders of men from Gilmanton, Rochester, and more distant towns. 
Horses and oxen were not generally possessed, and the implements of labor 
were ill constructed. Hence there was a great demand for physical strength. 
Happily the men and women of that day had a large stock of this, and were 
not unwilling to use it. It was no unusual occurrence for the wife to aid the 
husband in piling logs for burning and in other laborious occupations. 

However hard may seem to have been the lot of the early settlers to us, 
it is probable that they were quite as happy as we are. Their simple wants 
were easily supplied, while we are the slaves to a thousand fancied needs. 
The woods furnished abundance of game, and the lakes, ponds, and streams a 
supply of fish, although some years elapsed before the art of taking the salmon 
I rout was well understood. Samp was obtained by beating the Indian corn in 
huge wooden mortars, while occasionally the luxury of fine meal was allowed. 

Their simple food and earnest labor rendered them proof against the 
assaults of dyspepsia and other kindred diseases. 

William Fullerton was drowned while attempting to ford the strait between 
the inner and outer bays near Smith's bridge. This event happened not long 
after he had removed his family to the township. His widow, Mary Fullerton, 
received a dveA of the land pledged to him, and managed to retain possession 
of the same and rear a family of eight children, one born shortly after the 
decease of her husband. Fullerton's posterity is quite largely represented 
in town. 

Town of Wolfebouough, 

John Fullerton was a son of William. The prop] 
in 177". voted to give him a Lol of one hundred acres provided Ik 
within one year, ereel on it. a house sixteen feel square, clear th 
for the |>l<>\\. and have a family living on the same. He cleared a small \ 
of land and erected the frame of a house. Soon after he enlisted in 
revolutionary army, where he remained during the war. While absent, ti 

several inches in diameter grew within the uncovered liouse-fri On 

return he round thai his lol had been forfeited and was in possessi »f I 

March. He bought it from him for a small sum. 

.lames I. mas, of Irish ancestry, was the head of a numerous family ><\ that 
name many members of which still reside here. Mr Lucas was model 
of the first town-meeting held in town. His house-lot is now occupied by 
I. B. Manning. 

.lames Lucas. Jr, for several years held the offices of town clerk ami select- 
man; he owned a farm on which now stands a part of Wolfeborough villi 

Andrew Lucas was also son of .lames Lucas. 

Thomas Lucas was probably a brother of James Lucas, lie wa 
the first hoard of selectmen, and held the same office several times afterwards. 
He frequently presided ;it town-meetings. 

Jacob Sceggel was elected selectman at the organization of the town, and 
reelected the following year. 

John Flagg came from Portsmouth. He was a man of propert} and 
influence. He purchased four hundred acres of land in tin- westerly part of 
the town. He held the office of town clerk in 1771-72, and soon after left 

John Sim lair was town clerk in 177 : '. He several times acted as modera- 
tor at town-meetings, and was a selectman two years. He kept the first 
tavern in town. 

Thomas Taylor came from Grilmanton during the first year of settlement. 
Ih was one of the hoard of selectmen in 177:!. and soon after returned to 
Gilmanton. His son. Wiggins 'Taylor, was probably the first male child born 
in town. 

Aaron Frost received his land of <■ ge Meserve for settling. Ih- was 

distinguished as a hunter. 'Taking a small quantity of meal and salt, his 
traps, gun. and ammunition, he would for weeks together hunt game in the 
mountains. He was a large-sized, stout, athletic man. lie was once nearly 
matched in strength and agility in a desperate encounter with a h 
she-bear, just robbed of her cubs. He espied her swimming in Smith's pond, 
and. seizing a wooden lever, met her before she reached the sit 
no ways inclined to avoid the combat, and for awhile - the battle hung in i 
scale." At length hrute force was obliged to yield to human I 

the intrepid hunter secured his prize. IT- took a load ol clapl 

302 History of Carroll County. 

a hand-sled to Dover, exchanged them for a grindstone, which he brought 
home, performing the distance of seventy miles in two days. He was the 
ancestor of ( 'urtis J. Frost. 

Captain Henry Rust, afterward colonel, was the only original proprietor to 
make a permanent home. His lot of six hundred acres included a portion 
of Rust's pond and South Wolfeborough village. He began improvements in 
L768, and for some years passed his summers here with his two sons Henry and 
Richard, preparing a home and clearing land. He built a log house, which 
was burned, destroying their clothes, provisions, guns, and ammunition. One 
winter the boys, one fourteen, the other twelve years, remained here to take 
care of stock, and for nine weeks saw no white person. Colonel Rust was 
appointed judge of probate for Strafford county in 1773, and was for many 
years a kind, obliging, and leading citizen. He was a firm man, lixed in his 
opinion, but conscientious and just. When sworn in judge of probate he 
took the oath of allegiance to the crown, and after the state government was 
established, considered that oath so binding as to refuse to take one of 
allegiance to the state. He had three sons and four daughters. 

Colonel Rust served eight years as selectman. His son Henry served as 
town clerk five years and as representative to the state legislature four years. 
His son Richard served as town clerk four years and as selectman nine years. 
His son-in-law, Matthew S. Parker, served as town clerk nine years and as 
selectman six years ; and his son-in-law Isaiah Home served as town clerk four 
years, as selectman four years, and as representative six years. His grandson, 
Henry Rust Parker, served as selectman seven years ; his grandsons Isaiah 
Greene Orne and Charles Barker Orne, served as selectmen each one year. 
His grandson, Thomas Rust, served as town clerk two years and as selectman 
three years, and as county justice. His grandson, Henry Bloomfield Rust, served 
as selectman one year and as representative six years. He was a member of 
the state senate, councillor, and a judge of common pleas. His great-grandson, 
Samuel S. Parker, served as town clerk two years and as selectman one year. 
His great-grandson, George Rust, served as selectman two years; and his great- 
grandson, Alphonzo H. Rust, has served as representative twice and councillor 
twice. John H. Rust, a great-great-grandson, has been selectman twice. The 
colonel and his descendants have held the office of town clerk twenty-six times, 
of selectman forty-five times, of representative eighteen times, since the organi- 
zation of the town. 

Iihicl Clifford was an early settler. 

Lemuel Clifford, his son, married Betsey, a daughter of William Fullerton. 
This marriage took place at Governor Wentworth's mansion. The governor, 
attired in scarlet, and his lady, dressed in blue, honored the occasion with their 
presence and provided the nuptial feast. One day while Lemuel was absent, a 
deer came into the little inclosure where their house stood. His wife Betsey 


thinking such an opportunity for obtaining venison I 
Beized her husband's gun and broughl down the intruder at th 
examination it proved to be one thai escaped from the governor 1 pai 
shown by a marked strap aboul its neck. Knowing " Lem 1 ' partiality 
governor, and fearing his displeasure, she removed the strap and kepi her 
husband in ignorance of the rightful ownership of the game. SI d to 

have been a woman of greal strength. 

Matthew S. Parker was a brother of Johu Parker, proprietor oi W 

borough Neck. This tract, with the excepti f the settler's lol given to 

Reuben Libbej , came into his possession. Here he cirri,,! a house and resided 
for awhile. He was a well-educated man and far better qualified for the ti 
action of Legal business than any other person then living in town. II.- was 
for some years the only justice of the peace, an office then regarded as quite 
important. He died suddenly in 1788 at the age of thirty-nine years. At the 
time of his death he held the offices of town clerk and selectman, as he had 
done almost continuously while he resided in town, lie married Anna. 
daughter of Colonel Henry Rust. His son. Henry Rusl Parker, resided in 
town, was a merchant and farmer and prominent in town affairs. Many of his 
descendants occupy responsible positions. Deacon Charles I\ Parke]-, cashier 
of the Lake National Bank, is a representative of the family here. 

Ebenezer Meader came to town a young man, and was the firsl blacksmith. 
In L770 he purchased the farm now in possession of his descendants. Tradi- 
tion says that he took with him to his new home a cow and a pig; , that 
when he was drafted in the Revolution the people, who needed his sen 
sent a substitute in his place. A small dwelling yet standing on the Varney 
road was built with nails made by him on his anvil. He was several times 
selectman. His great-grandson. Samuel A., occupies the homestead. 

Samuel Fox came to Wolfeborough early: settled in Pleasant Valley, and 
afterwards changed farms with Elder Isaac Townsend. Here he passed mosl 
of his life. It is the John L. Wiggin farm, lying north of the Maine-road 
cemetery. He was quite active in town affairs. His son John studied for 
the ministry at Gilmanton, but, not preaching long, became connected with 
insurance, and conducted this for many years. 

Isaac Martin came from Massachusetts with his father in L780, being then 
si\ years old. The father died soon alter, in March, and was buried in a e 
the locality of which was lost. When twenty-one years old he commi 
felling trees on the Banfield farm, but finding the growth wry heavy he 
up the attempt, and took up a portion of the Governor Wentwortl 
where he lived until his death, at the agi ghty-nine. Nil 

plateau where he made his home has borne the name <A' Martin a Hill. 1 1 - 
Daniel was selectman and representative. The sane- offices havi by 

his grandson, James II. Martin, who resides in Wolfebori 

804 History op Carroll County. 

Ebenezer Home came from Dover in 1775, having exchanged property in 
that town with John Flagg for his lot of four hundred acres. His son William 
left town early. Stephen, Isaiah, John, and Benjamin settled near their father 
on portions of his estate, now for the most part in the possession of their 
descendants. John had seventeen children, and Benjamin fourteen. Isaiah 
became one of the Leading men in the town; married a daughter of Henry 
Unst. He dropped the H from his name. His family have since written it 
( >rne. He had two sons, Henry H. and Woodbury L. Henry H. practised 
law a few years. He married Caroline Chaplin, a lady who acquired some 
celebrity as an authoress. Ebenezer, the patriarch of this family, was very 
vigorous. He married a second wife when he was eighty years old, and could 
walk several miles with ease when ninety-five. He died aged ninety-nine years 
and six months. George F. Home is one of his descendants. 

Jacob Home removed from Somersworth about 1800. He was a blacksmith 
as well as a farmer. He was the first owner of a wagon in town. His wife was 
a Twombly, and lived to be nearly one hundred years old. They had ten 

Jesse Whitten was born in Brentwood. In 1779 he removed to Wolfe- 
borough, being then fourteen years of age. Three years after he sailed on board 
a privateer. He remained at sea about one year, when the war closed. He 
afterwards purchased a piece of wild land, and cleared a farm on what is now 
known as Whitten's Neck. He was one of the original members of the first 
church organized in town, and was known as a very zealous religionist. He 
was small of stature, but remarkably agile. He had some reputation as a root 
and herb doctor. He had a family of twelve children. Mr Whitten died at 
the age of ninety-three years. Joseph W. Whitten is Ins grandson. 

Enoch Thomas served in the Revolutionary war. His descendants now 
reside in Tuftonborough. 

Robert Calder settled in the easterly part. His farm became a portion of 
the Cabot estate. He served as selectman several times. He afterwards 
removed to Brookfield, and held the office of deputy sheriff. 

Moses Ham held the office of selectman several years, and was delegate to 
the Colonial Congress. He occupied other posts of honor and trust, and 
while he remained in town was an influential citizen. 

Thomas Triggs settled on the farm now occupied by David Chamberlain. 

Joseph Keniston settled on the farm now owned by Stephen Nute, situated 
in the addition. 

Thomas Piper came from Suncook. He had seen service in the French and 
Indian war. He was the first miller in town. His sons, Thomas, David, and 
John, enlisted in the Revolutionary war. John had twenty-one children, 
twenty of whom married, and nineteen were present at his burial. Timothy, 
: ther son, had thirteen children. Twelve of these married. They would 

Town OF WOLI BB0R01 <;n. 

average in weight about two hundred pounds. John and Tim 
man} years citizens of Tuftonborough. David spenl his life in W 
Charles F. Piper, the popular merchanl a1 the "bridge," is a grandson i I J 
He has been mail agent, town clerk, postmaster, and represenl 
witli marked ability in all relations. 

Thomas Stevenson removed Prom Dover to Wolfeborougli in I" 1 "'.. H< 
employed somewhat as a school-teacher. He served .1- a town clerk m. 
ami as selectman thirteen years. He had a family of ten children thai 
adult age. His son Samuel has served as selectman in town. A grandson, 
Henry Stevenson, a successful builder in Boston, has been a member of the 
Massachusetts legislat nre. 

John Chamberlin was a resident of Brookfield, where he w.i- selectman for 
many years, and several times representative to the legislature. He married, in 
1774, Mary Jackson ; in 1794, Joanna Banfield. He came to Wolfeborough in 
1 822 and pur< based of William Triggs the farm qow occupied by Mrs David 
Chamberlin. lie had a large family id* children, and many of his descendants 
are now living in Wolfeborough. David, his eleventh child, was a farmer, 
tanner, and shoemaker, and lived on the place until his death. His son. I I 
E. Chamberlain, is a farmer, tanner, and shoemaker, and resides on the old 
homestead. I ra, tenth child of John Chamberlin, was ;i farmer, which avoca- 
tion his son, John A. Chamberlain, follows. John A. has been supervisor 
several years. Jason Chamberlain, a former resident of this town, removed to 

Marblehead, Mass.; at his death he bequeathed $500 for the j r <<\' W 

borough and $500 for those of Tuftonborough. Dudley Chamberlain, son of 
John, came to Wolfeborough about 1800, settled on a farm near Frost's Corner. 
I lis son Daniel became a prominent hotel proprietor in Boston. 

Dr Reynold Fernald came from England to Portsmouth. His grandson, 
Deacon James Fernald, was an early resident id' Wolfeborough. Betsey, 
daughter of the deacon, married Rev. Ebenezer Allen. John, a son 1 
Fernald. settled in Brookfield ; his son John came to Wolfeborough with 
Governor Wentworth; one of John Jr's daughters married Captain James 


James Mersey, of Newmarket, had ten children, of whom Jonathan, born 
1746, and Jemima (Mis John Piper), born 1750, settled here. Jonathan 
received a deed of one hundred acres from Daniel Fierce in November, 1777, 
for which he agreed to nay live shillings (one dollar) and build ;i house equal 
to eighteen feet square within the year, and for ten consecutive years 
annually three acres of land. (This land was part of the Great Lot. He 
eventually became a large landowner. His son James settled in I niton 
borough, had the title of captain, and became wealthy. His grandsoi : 
W.. was prominent in military affairs ami became brigadier-general "l the N 
Hampshire militia; ( iharles II.. son of General H irsey, 

306 History of Carroll County. 

Dartmouth, and was for a time preceptor of Wolfeborough and Tuftonborough 
academy; but most of his life has been passed in mercantile business in Boston 
and Wolfeborough. Samuel, son of Jonathan, the first of the family here, 
settled in Tuftonborough, where he has many descendants, good and useful 

Daniel and George Brewster, descendants of Elder William Brewster, of 
Mayflower fame, came early to this town with their father. They were farmers. 
George Flagg, son of Daniel, lived on the farm until his death. A son of his, 
Eli V., for many years a shoe-dealer in Dover, has been mayor of that city. 
Another son, George F., now represents this branch of the family here. 

George Brewster had several children, one of whom, Daniel, succeeded him 
on the home farm. He had three sons, Nathaniel T., John L., and Jonathan M. 
The younger two received a collegiate education. Nathaniel T. occupies the 
old homestead and now owns twelve hundred acres of land and seventy neat 
cattle. John L. has been a teacher, a banker, and superintendent of schools 
of Lawrence, Mass., where he resides. He is a trustee of the estate of his 
uncle, John Brewster, and a trustee and treasurer of the Brewster Free Acad- 
emy. Jonathan M. became a Freewill Baptist minister, and died some years 
since in Providence, R. I. 

John Brewster, another son of George, left home in early life and not long 
after began trading in a small way in Boston. He was subsequently a banker, 
and, meeting with success, became wealthy. In his last will, after making 
ample provision for his only son and other relatives and friends, he devised the 
annual income of the residue of his estate, which exceeded one million dollars, 
chiefly for the benefit of his native town, Wolfeborough, and the neighboring 
town, Tuftonborough. He bequeathed to the Wolfeborough and Tufton- 
borough Academy $10,000 annually with these conditions: that its name 
should be changed to that of the Brewster Free School or Academy, and 
that there should be no restriction on its pupils in relation to age, sex, or color, 
but that all should be required to possess a " good moral character." He also 
made provision for erecting a town hall for Wolfeborough at a cost of $85,000, 
and for furnishing a free library. The balance of the income was to be applied 
" one half for the use of the academy, the other to be used equally for the 
support of the 'worthy poor' and the common schools in Wolfeborough and 

The Muggins family is of English origin. Samuel, third in descent from 
the emigrant, passed his youth in Wakefield, and from there went to Massachu- 
setts. In 1818 he purchased the Deacon Wormwood farm, where he resided 
until his death. His sons, Nathaniel, Samuel, and John P., have all been 
successful and prominent in hotel business in New York city. John P. is now 
the owner of the Cosmopolitan Hotel in that city. 

Jonathan Chase was one of the early settlers, locating on the lot Thomas 

Town or Wolpeborough. 

Taylor occupied for a short time; and here in L784 his claughtei \| 

Edgerly, was born. Mrs Edgerly died January 20, I- 

5 months, and 28 days, and for aboul ninety years had been a ( i 

was an energetic, industrious woman, doing whatever she had to do witl 

her strength. Thomas Chase, her brother, settled neai Ne Durham line. lb 

was also a worker, and luult on his farm two thousand rods of good stone wall. 

His son, Charles F.Chase, lias served a- selectman, and occupies tin- faun. 

Henry II. Chase is a grandson of Thomas. 

Jacob Folsom came from Newmarket aboul L790, and purchn ed n Fa 
Jonathan Chase, since known as the folsom farm. His son, John I 
married Hannah, daughter of Jonathan Blake. Ho was deacon of the i 
Christian Church. Deacon Folsom remained on the farm until his death. II a 
widow occupies the homestead and is ninety-two years old. John G. Folsom 

has charge of the estate. Blake Folsom, son of Deacon John and 

Folsom, is a leading business man of the town, which he has represented, and 
has been president of the Lake National Bank. 

James Connor, from Henniker, was an early settler, and occupied the lot 
now owned by Samuel W. Tetherly. He had little education, bul with 
natural abilities served several years acceptably as selectman. lie built the 
first cider-mill in town. There was considerable rivalry between him and his 
brother-in-law, Benjamin Blake, concerning their farmwork. On visiting 
Blake one day Connor discovered that he was intending to finish haying on the 
morrow, his grass being all cut. Connor still had grass standing, but, 
determined not to be outdone, he cut his grass that night, put it in the barn, 
and early the next morning called on Blake and informed him that he was "done 

Colonel William Cotton, a trader of Portsmouth, came to Wolfeborough in 
L781, being then forty-three years old, and opened a store and a tavern. He 
brought with him eight children, the oldest eighteen years of age. The most 
of them settled in the same neighborhood, and in CSTo their descendants pos- 
sessed sixteen hundred acres of land in moderate-sized farms, many of them 
adjoining, and the name " Cottonborough " has been given to the locality. 
Colonel Cotton and his children were of large stature. The colonel's height 
was six feet four inches. He was prominent in the councils of the town in its 
early days, and his descendants have often represented Wolfeborough in the 
legislature. Colonel Cotton had fifty-nine grandchildren, all but live of whom 
reached mature age; forty-six married and had issue. A great- i 
Dudley 1'. Cotton, acquired wealth in trad.' in the West Indies. Timotl 
Cotton, another great-grandson, is a resident here ami is a farmer. 

Robert Hardy came from Exeter to Wakefield in L772. I! Dudley 

came to Wolfeborough in 1788, and purchased the lot of land on which I 
Hardy now lives of James Sheafe, of Portsmouth, for 1360. Mi Hard} 
a major in the militia. 

History of Carroll, County. 

t ornelius Jenness came from Rochester to Ossipee; in 1791 removed to 
Wolfeborough, and settled on the farm now occupied by his great-grandson, 
Cyrus Jenness. His son John had twelve children, and his son Joseph 
eleven. There are several representatives living in the northeast part of the 
town. Sarah A. .Jenness. a descendant of Cornelius, enjoys the honor of 
being the first daughter of the county to graduate as a, physician. 

Elisha Goodwin came from New Durham. He was a miller at Mill Village, 
lie had twelve children. One son, Elisha, built the Goodwin block in 1871. 
.I. W. Goodwin, another son, has held numerous positions of trust, and was 
appointed postmaster under Cleveland's administration. 

Ahrani Prebble had a settler's lot of one hundred acres on the Packer right, 
being number six of the Lords' Quarter. He soon sold it to the Haines family 
and removed to Ossipee. His grandson, Valentine B. Willey, is a resident 

Samuel Tibbetts settled on the lot now occupied by Blake Folsom as a 
milk farm. He was a framer of buildings, and was the first pound-keeper. 
The family remained on this lot many years. 

-lot ha m. Stephen, and Nicholas Nute, brothers, came from Milton in 1798, 
and settled on what is now known as Nute's Ridge. Their descendants still 
reside there. Tristram, Paul, and James Nute, brothers, came from Madbury 
about L800, and settled in the Lords' Quarter. George W. Nute represents 
one branch of this family. 

John Bickford was the pioneer of the family in America. He left England 
to avoid conscription, came to Wolfeborough early, and was a weaver. His 
son Jonathan was a millwright and farmer; he settled on land now occupied 
by his grandson, Joseph H., son of James Bickford. The family have served 
the town as selectmen and representatives. Wilmot Bickford settled on the 
farm where Thomas .1. Bickford now resides. 

Benning Brackett, brother of Dr Brackett, proprietor of lot number 
eleven, had seventeen children; .John, the eldest, born in 1768, came here 
when a young man, married Betsey Folsom, and settled near Brackett's 
Corner. John M. Brackett, their son, was born in 1807, always resided in 
Wolfeborough, and died December, 1887. In earlier life he was an extensive 
farmer, lmt for many years was officially connected with banking and other 
corporations. He was long president of Lake Bank, and treasurer of 
Carroll County Five Cents Savings Bank. He was treasurer of the latter at 
the time of its failure. For many years lie was one of the most prominent 
Republicans in the state, and was frequently mentioned as candidate for 
governor. He was a representative to the legislature in 1855 and 1857, 
a messenger (1858) to carry the electoral vote for Fremont and Dayton 
to Washington, a member of the council of Governor Gilmore in 1804, and 
a member of the council of Governor Smythe in 18(35. No member of the 
council during these two important years rendered more faithful service. 

T<»\vn op Wolfeborough. 309 

Colonel .Mark Wiggin was born in Strathara, October 25, L746. He mar- 
ried Betsey Brackett, born November 26, 17 Is. ||,. W as appointed captain 
in the Continental Establishmenl in 1 T T < *> : September 25, 1777. a major in 
Colonel Drake's regiment; February L3, 177s. then a major in Colonel 
Whipple's regiment, was appointed a recruiting officer; November 24, L781, 
commissioned lieutenant-colonel in the Firsl Regimenl of New Hamp- 
shire militia; December, 1779, he was sent with £20,000 to the commanding 
officer of the New Hampshire line to be used for recruiting purposes. The 
trunk in which lie carried this money is now in the possession of George C. 
A very, his great-grandson. In 1778 he was appointed justice of the peace 
for Rockingham county, and represented Stratham four years in the legisla- 
ture. He came to Wolfeborough prior to 17*. >7, became a farmer and also 
taught school, and served the town in its official affairs. 

William Rogers, accompanied by his aged father, Charles Rogers, came from 
Alton in 177'.', and purchased of .Judge Sewall one hundred acres of land for 
four pounds of beaver fur. He was a man of considerable business ability. 
His son Nathaniel was one of the most enterprising men of the town, a success- 
ful farmer, and also interested in trade and manufactures. He was one of the 
lirst judges of common pleas in Carroll county. He was very liberal in his 
religious and political opinions, and an early advocate of temperance. 

Moses Thompson came from Deevfield and was a thriving farmer. Three 
of his sons, Benjamin F., William, and Moses, have occupied official positions. 
Several members of the family still reside in Wolfeborough. William C. 
Thompson is of this family. 

About 1796 Samuel. William, and Benjamin Nudd came here from Green- 
land and settled in the north part of the town. George Nudd's daughter 
Mary was a graduate of State Normal School, Salem, Mass.: was class poet. 
In 1863 she wrote a poem for the "Triennial Convention of the Alumni." 
In 1872 she married Thomas Robinson, a professor in Howard University, 
Washington, D. C. 

Joshua Haines came from Greenland to Wolfeborough in 1784 with his 
sons, Jacob, Matthias, and Joseph. They settled on lot number six in the 
Lords' Quarter. This lot originally belonged to Thomas Packer, who deeded 
one hundred acres of it to Joshua Haines in 1772. Joshua Haines was born 
in 172:'>. and died aged ninety. Jacob was a farmer. He lived on what is 
known as Haines' Hill. He was captain in the militia in 1795, served in town 
offices and as representative. Matthias was also a farmer and conversant with 
town affairs. Joseph was a farmer, and worked for five dollars per month to 
pay for his lot of land. Among their descendants are Joseph !(., who has 
represented his town four times; George A., who has been a teacher, on the 
board of school committee, and is a farmer. 

Jethro Furber settled in town quite early. He was from Durham and had 

310 History of Carroll County. 

many descendants. Some were fanners; others engaged in trade. Henry W. 
Furber and Edwin L. Furber are representatives of this family. 

John Shorey came to Wolfeborough in 1796. He purchased one of "the 
6fty-acre lots " on Pine Hill, granted by Paul March to the first six settlers on 
the main road, each of whom was entitled to one hundred and fifty acres. This 
was sold to Shorey by Abigail, widow of Thomas Piper. John Shorey was a 
Revolutionary soldier. His son Joseph made the watering-trough which has 
been by the roadside a hundred years. One son, Lyford, died at the age of 

Josiah Willey came from Dover. At the age of eighteen he enlisted in 
the Revolutionary army. Of his children Valentine was a farmer and a 
mill man. He was clerk and deacon of the Second Christian Church. His 
son. Valentine B. Willey, succeeded him in business. 

Samuel Nowell came here from Boston about 1790. He was one of the 
'■ Boston Tea Party." 

George Warren was a drummer in the Revolutionary war. He resided in 
Portsmouth. His eldest son, John, settled in Brookfield near Wolfeborough 
line. With the latter town he held his most intimate relations. He had 
twenty children who reached mature age. Jasper H. is a resident here. The 
family possessed much musical talent. 

In 1700 .lames, William, John, and Joseph Cate came from England to 
Portsmouth, and settled in that and neighboring towns. Neal Cate, grandson 
of . I anies, settled in Brookfield about 1790, on a farm adjoining Wolfeborough. 
He had ten children. Daniel, his eldest son, located on a farm in this town 
in 1821. He married a daughter of Nathaniel Willey. Mr Willey lived to 
the age of ninety-five, and his wife to the age of ninety-four ; they had been 
married seventy-five years. Mr Cate and his wife had been married sixty 
\ ears. At the time of their death Mi' Cate was eighty-eight years old, Mrs 
Cate eighty-one. They had eight children. Moses T. and John G. have been 
trailers and manufacturers. Two sons of Moses T. have received a collegiate 
education. One lias entered the ministry; the other, E. E. Cate, has practised 
law. .lames Cate received a lot of land from his father, on which Charles J. 
Cate now lives. 

John Bassetf came from Lynn, Mass., in 1790; settled on "the Bassett 
place." Two sons, Daniel and John, came with him; they were industrious, 
hard-working men. Daniel remained here many years, then removed to Minne- 
sota, where his sons, Daniel, Jr, and Joel, reside. The Bassetts were Quakers. 
George W. Bassett is a son of .John. 

The Pickering family came from Greenland. John settled here about 1810 ; 
In- Imilt a large hotel which he managed for several years. Daniel, his 
brother, came later; opened a general store. He married Sarah, daughter of 
Joseph Farrar, Esq. Mr Pickering became eventually the largest dealer in 

Town of Wolfeborough. :;i 1 

goods iii the vicinity; he managed a farm and was interested in various manu- 
factures. He was postmaster for many years. He died in L856, aged sixty 
years. A son died young; his daughter, Caroline (Mrs Charles Rollins). 
resides in Boston. Mr and Mrs Rollins occupy the homestead as a summer 


Moses Thurston came from Stratham in IT'.'T and cleared a farm in the 
Dortheasterlj part of the town. He had two children, Isaac, a merchanl in 
Ossipee, which town he represented in the state Legislature. James lived od 
the home place. He served Wolfeborough as selectman live years and as 
representative two years. Stephen Thurston, brother of Moses, came aboul 
the same time and so did two sisters, oue the wife of Thomas 15. Wig-gin, the 
other the wife of Isaac Wiggin. 

William Mason came from Stratham. He was a man of several trades, and 
broughl n[) seven children. His wife's father, a member of his family, was a 
Revolutionary pensioner. 

John L. Piper came from Stratham about 1800. He built a house in L802 
on the site of the Charles F. Parker house, and a store where the bank 
building stands. He was in trade for a long time. He served as selectman. 
His grandson, Jonas W. Piper, has had a long service in town offices; he is a 
descendant of Major Jonas Wilder, an early settler of Lancaster. 

Tobias Banfield came from Portsmouth about 1812 and purchased the farm 
since known as the Banfield farm. He had eight children. Of his children, 
Joseph became a clergyman; his son Everett C. became a lawyer, and after 
several years' residence in Washington, I). C, where he held an important 
government office, returned to Wolfeborough ; Joshua was for many years a 
merchant in Dover; Nathaniel served as selectman; he was the father of 
A. W. Banfield, a merchant in Boston for a long time. The family is now 
represented in Wolfeborough by Ira Banfield, son of Tobias. He has been a 
member of the legislature and is treasurer of Wolfeborough Savings Bank. 

Abel Haley, at the age of two years, removed with his parents from Roch- 
ester to Tuftonborough in 1810, where he eventually became a leading citizen, 
holding the various offices that his townsmen could bestow upon him. At the 
establishment of the Lake Bank, he removed to Wolfeborough and was its 
cashier. His son, Abel S., has a successful business in Faneuil 1 1 all market. 
Boston; Levi T., another son, resides in Wolfeborough and has been engaged 
in various kinds of business. He has been senator, and was sheriff of Carroll 
county when the Prookfield murderer, Joseph W. Buzzell, was executed. 

Jeremy Towle, in 1820, purchased of Joseph Yarney and Echabod Libbej 
the George Jaffrey lot, No. 12, in the Lords' Quarter, containing three 
hundred acres, for eight hundred dollars. This was in the most hilly part of 
the town. Mr Towle and several sons cleared farms and resided here for a 
long time, giving the name of the family to the locality. 

312 History of Carholl County. 

Joseph Clark came from Greenland in 1817 and passed the remainder of his 
life here. He was a cabinet-maker. Of his family of eight children two 
resided in town. Mary (Mrs Samuel Avery) and Enoch, who followed the 
avocation of his father. Enoch had ten children; his son, Greenlief B., occu- 
pies the homestead. 


Revolution — Proprietors and the Land they Owned — Schools — Advancement of the 
Town— Wolf eboro ugh Village about 1800 — Action of Town in Civil War — Later Chronicles 
— Civil List. 

Revolution. — Agreeably to a notice issued by Colonel Joseph Badger, 
the citizens, at the annual meeting in March, 1776, made choice of the follow- 
ing military officers: John Sinclair, captain; Andrew Lucas, first lieutenant; 
Jonathan Lary, second lieutenant, and Reuben Libbey, ensign. Early in 
1777 a requisition for additional soldiers was made, the following reply to 
which will explain itself. 

Wolf borough, Jan. 19, 1777. 
Sir: There having a vote passed the Honorable Council and Assembly, for each town to 
make up their lull quota of men for the three years' service in the Continental Army, occa- 
sions my troubling you with this line to ask your advice in relation to what can be done 
respecting that affair with this town ; the particulars of which (as I informed you last July 
at Exeter, when I was sent down by the town on the same business) are these: In the year 
177"i there were orders issued by the General Court for the number of all souls, at which time 
there were ten or twelve more ratable polls than there are at present — there being now only 
forty-four. Now, the proportion for this town, I imagine, was made by the return given in 
that year, which occasions the call for soldiers from this town to be two or three more than 
it- proportion (which I understand to be every eighth man, agreeably to a vote of the 
Assembly), the inhabitants having depreciated instead of increasing. Now, if you recollect, 
I related these particulars to you, likewise shew you the necessary certificate to prove the 
same, when I saw you at Exeter. I endeavored to lay the affair before the Honorable Com- 
mittee of Safety, then sitting, hut the multiplicity of business then before your Honors 
prevented me. I think you told me you mentioned it before the committee adjourned, and 
it was concluded that the town might make itself easy if it had sent its proportion according 
t(. the present number of it- inhabitants. The present order is for the muster master to hire 
all delinquent men, and charge the respective towns with the cost. Now, if you can help 
as in the affair, thai we maj a- i~ most just ) slum that difliculty, I shall take it as a particu- 
lar kindness done to 

Your most Obedient and very Humble Servant, 

Matthew S. Parker. 
John W'eni worth, Esq. 


This letter availed nothing for the town. 

At the annual meeting in 1777. provision was made for the supporl of 
Samuel Mellows, a poor child, who was to be provided with •• proper victuals 
and clothing in the cheapest manner." This was probably the first pauper 
case ever brought to the notice of the town. At this meeting the acl 
recently passed by the state of New Hampshire regulating the price of sundry 
articles was read. Among the articles enumerated in this act, of which there 
were forty, were the following, which were not to be sold above the prices 
set against them, namely: wheat 7s. 6d., rye Is. 6d., coin 3s. 6d., oats 2s., peas 
8s., beans 6s., potatoes 2s. per bushel; cheese 6d., butter 1<»d., pork id., beef 
3d., and mutton 3d. per pound; West India rum 6s. 8d., New England rum 
3s. 10d., and molasses os. 4d. per gallon. 

At a meeting held on the eighteenth day of June, Matthew S. Parker, 
Joseph Lary, and James Conner were appointed a committee to hire two men 
to complete the town's quota for the continental service. These three and 
Captain Thomas Lucas, Moses Wingate, Jonathan Lary, and Reuben Libbey 
were appointed a committee to regulate the prices of sundry articles, and 
they were to constitute the Committee of Safety for the year. The committee 
to hire soldiers secured [chabod Tibbetts and David Piper, paving one #110 
and the other $100. They were to serve three years, from June, 1777. 

Inventory taken June 24: Number of polls eighteen years old and 
upwards 44, slaves 1, horses and colts 21, oxen 3N, cows 54, young cattle L02, 
acres of tillage land 88, mowing land 150, pasture land 97. July 1, agreeably 
to a vote passed in the House of Representatives, the following list of men 
belonging to the "Train Band" in the town of Wolfeborough, under com- 
mand of Captain John Sinclair, was made, namely, Andrew Lucas, first 
lieutenant: .Jonathan Lary, second lieutenant; Reuben Libbey, ensign; 
Andrew Wiggin, clerk; Jonathan Mersey, drummer: John Lucas, lifer; 
Aaron Frost, Joseph Leavit, Lemuel Clifford, and John Fullerton, sergeants ; 
Samuel Tibbetts, Jr, Samuel Hide, Enoch Thomas, and David Piper, corpo- 
rals: Richard Lust. James Conner, James Lucas, Jr, William Lucas, and 
•lames Lucas, :5d. Samuel Tebbetts, Sr, Edmund Tebbetts, Joseph Lary, 
Ebenezer Meder, Benjamin Blake, James Fullerton, William Fullerton, John 
Piper, Jeremiah Could, James Wiggin, [chabod Ham, Henry Lust. Jr, Grafton 
Nutter. George Glynn, Matthew S. Parker, Joseph [venniston, Moses Wingate, 
William Rogers, John Wadley, soldiers. Of these, Edmund Tibbetts, John 
Piper, [chabod Ham, William Fullerton, and .lames Wiggin were under 
Eighteen .years of age. .lames Lucas. Sr, Thomas Lucas, and Ithiel Clifford, 
being more than sixty years old, were exempted from doing military service, 
as also was Thomas Piper, on account of being a miller. 

Captain John Sinclair, William Lucas. John Lucas, Benjamin Blake, 
Andrew Wiggin. and Moses Ham immediately responded to the call for 
soldiers made in September, 1777. 

314 History of Carroll County. 

These were substantia] citizens, induced by a love of country to enter the 
armv . The} had the pleasure of being present at Burgoyne's surrender. 
Business was al this period generally prostrated, and taxes were very 

.1 ligt of the proprietors of lands in Wolfeborough in 1778 and the amount 
which they severally possessed. A little more than one-fourth part was owned 
by residents: Proprietors of Mason's Patent, 5,100 acres ; Jonathan Warner, 
esq., tOO acres; .lames Stoodley, esq., 400 acres; Doctor Hall Jackson, 400 
acres : George Meserve, esq., 2,050 acres; Governor Wentwortb/s estate, 3,282 
acivs; Doctor A. I{. Cutter, 1,048 acres; Daniel Pierce, esq., 900 acres; Daniel 
Rindge, esq., 648 acres; Doctor John Brackett, 450 acres; Thomas Went- 
worth, esq., 450 acres: Captain George King, 480 acres; David Sewall, esq., 
246 acres; William Torrey, esq., 650 acres; Nathaniel P. Sargent, esq., 460 
acres; Colonel Henry Rust, 600 acres; James Connor, 100 acres; Captain 
Thomas Lucas, 310 acres ; James Lucas, jr, 100 acres ; Captain John Sinclair, 
116 acres: .lames Lucas, 3d, 40 acres; Joseph Leavitt, 100 acres; George 
Glynn, 648 acres ; Thomas Triggs, 100 acres; Aaron Frost, 100 acres ; Abraham 
Prebble, 100 acres: Samuel Tibbetts, jr, 100 acres ; Jonathan Lary, 150 acres; 
Samuel Hide, 100 acres; Samuel Glover, 100 acres; Samuel Emerson, 100 
acres ; Robert Calder, 150 acres; Grafton Nutter, 100 acres; Benjamin Blake, 
100 acres; Oliver Peavey, 100 acres; Ithiel Clifford, 100 acres; Lemuel Clif- 
ford, 100 acres; Robert Estes, 100 acres; Widow Mary Fullerton, 150 acres; 
John Fullerton, 100 acres; Jonathan Hersey, 50 acres; William Hersey, 50 
acres: .lames Hersey, 100 acres; Moses Ham, 500 acres; Joseph Lary, 100 
acres; Andrew Lucas, 150 acres; Reuben Libbey, 100 acres; Eben Meder, 
100 acres ; Thomas Piper, sr, 100 acres ; Matthew Stanley Parker, 447 acres ; 
Samuel Tibbetts, sr, 100 acres ; Enoch Thomas, 100 acres ; Andrew Wiggin, 
100 acres : William Rogers, 100 acres; Colonel Jonathan Moulton, 100 acres; 
John B. Hanson. 100 acres ; Moses Varney, 114 acres. 

In January, 177*, the town hired Nathan Watson, supplying him with a 
gun which cost sixteen dollars, a knapsack which cost one dollar, and a blanket 
which cost four dollars ; and also paying him a bounty of twenty dollars. The 
gun was furnished by .James Connor, the knapsack by James Lucas, 3d, the 
blanket by Eben Meder, and the money for the bounty by Moses Wingate. 
These articles were borrowed, and their value afterwards refunded to the 
several owners by the town. 

At the annual meeting in 1779 the town chose Ebenezer Horn, Sr, Lieu- 
tenant Jonathan Lary, and Matthew S. Parker a committee to hire a preacher 
four months " on as reasonable terms as they can," and that he preach one third 
of the time on the northeast side of Smith's pond. It was also agreed to alter 
the main or Miles road so that it would better accommodate the public, and also 
t ( » la road across the heath to the mills, and likewise one from the mills 

to ,. road. 

Town of vVolfeboroi oh. :;i. 

[n July, 1779, a requisition was made on the town for one soldier for 1 
Rhode Island expedition. K was difficult to obtain a man. Finally an agree- 
ment was made with Reuben Libbey by which he was to serve in the army six 
months. The town was to pay him for bounty and travel forty-six pounds, 

sixteen shillings, and harvest his hav crop. A labor tax of one hundred days' 
work was apportioned among the inhabitants. The balance of the labor, after 
gathering the hav. if there should be any, was to he worked out <>n the 


In 177'.» Wolfeborough was "classed" with New Durham and the Gore. A 

the elections were held iii Xew Durham, a long distance from Wolfeborough, 
but few dt' its citizens attended. Thomas Tash. of New Durham, generalh 
represented the district. This year Matthew Stanley Parker was Wolfe- 
borough's first representative. In September, 1779, another soldier was called 
for. and Thomas Piper was appointed an agent to procure one. 

In June, 1780, other soldiers were required for six months' service. The 
town hired .lames Wiggin and James Fullerton, paying as a bounty to Wiggin 
thirty bushels of corn, and to Fullerton fifteen bushels of com and twenty 
days' work in haying. Specie was now almost unobtainable, and paper money 
nearly valueless, and resort was had to various commodities for a currency. In 
this region Indian corn became a standard article, and the prices of labor aiul 
other articles were reckoned by it. Taxes were becoming so burdensome that 
the inhabitants could by no means pay them in full. On account of its finan- 
cial difficulties, the general government supplied the army directly with such 
articles as the respective states produced. Beef was one assigned to New- 
Hampshire, and Wolfeborough was required to furnish in 1781 3,875 pounds. 
At a town-meeting held in September, Lieutenant Eben Horn, Captain John 
Sinclair, and Joseph Lary were appointed a committee to purchase beef. Cattle 
were purchased and driven to Dover, wdiere they were taken in charge by the 

Rum was also furnished by New Hampshire for the army, and Wolfe- 
borougb paid a rum tax in 1781 of fifty-eight dollars in specie. In 1782 a 
tax of four hundred and fifty pounds was assessed, of which less than one- 
twentieth pari was for town expenses; the rest went to the state to meet the 
exigencies of the war. This year the town again declined sending a delegate 
to a convention to frame a state government. 

The year 1781 was distinguished for town-meetings and taxes. Of the 
former, there were no less than nine, and of the latter more than the people 
could pay. A town-meet ing was called on March 1 for the purpose of adopting 
measures to procure five additional soldiers to serve during the war. This 
meeting was adjourned to the fifteenth, when Jonathan Lary, Eben Meder, and 
Reuben Libbey were appointed a committee to procure the soldiers. This 
committee, on the third day of April, had accomplished nothing, and .James 

History of Carroll County. 

Connor, Andrew Wiggin, and James Lucas wore appointed in their stead. 
This committee was equally unsuccessful. In July a requisition was made for 
two additional three months' men. The town was probably unable to meet 
either demand. The regiment formerly under the command of Colonel Joseph 
Badger, of Gilmanton, having been divided, Wolfeborough was included within 
tin- limits of the one commanded by Colonel Bradley Richardson, of Moulton- 
borough. Agreeably to a notice issued by the colonel, the militia of the town, 
on ilit; seventh day of August, met and made choice of Joseph Lary for 
captain. William Lucas, first lieutenant, Aaron Frost, second lieutenant, and 
Enoch Thomas, ensign. 

S iptember 1 a requisition was made on the company "to raise and equip 
three able-bodied men and forward them to Colonel David Page, of Conway, 
immediately." These men were to be employed as scouts in defence of the 
northern frontier and were to serve three months if needed. They were to 
receive three pounds bounty and two pounds per month, the money to be 
advanced by the town. David Piper, John Piper, and Jeremiah Sinclair went 
on this expedition. David Piper acted as sergeant and John Piper as corporal. 
They were absent a little more than two months. 

Schools. At a town-meeting held on the eighth day of May, 1781, it was 
voted that the part of the town on the southwest side of Smith's pond hire 
Mi Andrew Collins to preach and teach school for the term of twelve months, 
upon his good behavior, the selectmen being authorized to contract with him 
and provide proper accommodations. The fitting up of a room for the school 
and religious meetings was not a very expensive affair, as will be shown by the 
following letter : — 

To the Honorable Gentlemen, the Select men of t lie town of Wolfborough, chosen for accom- 
modating necessary conveniences for said town in a.d. 1781: — 
Before you, the said Selectmen, is herein laid the accompt for providing the necessary 

articles for the accommodating uf a school in said town, by John Lucas, viz : 

To 11!) feet of boards $0.45 

To making a Preaching Desk 55 

To making one Writing Table 82 

To lour benches 55 

To one Water Bucket 25 

To one hundred nails 40 

Gentlemen, the above-mentioned school accommodations are all provided according to 

your order given, and the humble request of your affectionate well-wisher, 

Andrew Collins, S. M., 

Under the direction of the Selectmen. 
WOLPBOROl GH, May 22, 1781. 

On the seventeenth day of the same month (May) Mr Collins commenced 
abors, receiving rate of eight dollars per month, exclusive of board. His 


firsl term continued eleven weeks, when Mr Collins made a new contracl with 
the select men. 

This day agreed with Henry Rust, James Conner, and Ebenezer Meder to keep school in 
Baid town i<> the I7tli day of May, 1782, to teach reading, \\ riting, and arithmetic, at -i\ silver 
dollars per month ; the said selectmen paying for my board, the said school to be kept where 
the seleol men shall order. 

Andrew < Iollins, Schoolmaster. 

Mr Collins appears afterwards to have been shorl of funds. This note 
illustrates the epistolary style of that day: — 

October 16, 1781. 
Mr. Libbey : 

tfir, — After bidding you God speed this morning, I should be exceeding glad if you 

would let me have a small triflo of money. I am sorry to trouble you, but I hope you will 

excuse my necessity. If you can let me have ten shillings by the hand of the bearer I shall 
give you no more trouble at present. 

Sir, I am with all respect 

Your affectionate Friend and Humble Serv't, 

Andrew Collins. 

The "bearer" brought to him six shillings. 

There does not appear to have been a perfect agreement in relation to hiring 
Mr Collins. A proposition was brought before a town-meeting held November 
13, when it was voted seventeen to thirteen to hire him. It being intimated 
that the matter was not well understood by the inhabitants of all sections of 
the town, another meeting was called on the twenty-ninth day of the same 
month, when it was again voted to retain his services — twelve voting in the 
affirmative, and nine in the negative. It is probable that lie left the town the 
next spring. It is also evident that his was the first school here. 

17S2, December. The town voted to hire a teacher six months the 
approaching year. The teacher was Isaiah Home. He received eleven dollars 
per month, inclusive of board. The school was kept three months only. 

In November, 17*:}, the following inventory was taken: — 

Number of polls from eighteen to seventy-five years of age . . . 58 

■•icres of tillage land (i.'i 

acres of mowing land 324 

acres ,,f pustule; land 351 

horses .{•_• 

oxen 60 

cows LOO 

young horses and cattle 7"> 

318 History of Carroll County. 

Tillage land sufficient to produce twenty-live bushels of com, mowing land 
sufficient to produce one ton of hay, and pasture land sufficient to pasture one 
cow was accounted an acre. 

This year two vagrant persons living in town, leading idle and dissolute 
Lives, were arrested and bound out to masters for their maintenance, showing it 
to be ill*' prevailing sentiment of the times that "he who would not work 
should not eat."* 

At the annual meeting, twenty-ninth of March, 1784, the town elected five 
selectmen, the only time in its history when more than three persons were 
chosen. They were: John Martin, Richard Rust, Isaiah Home, William 
Lucas, and Andrew Lucas. Also voted to build a bridge across the mill-pond 
tin Smith's river. 

March 21, 1785, the legal voters of Moultonborough, Wolfeborough, and 
Ossipee Gore met at the house of Jonathan Chase, in Wolfeborough, and 
elected Ensign Reuben Libbey a representative to the General Assembly. Mr 
Libbe\ was a person of good natural abilities, but uneducated, rough in his 
manners, and indifferent as to his apparel. 

At the annual meeting in 1785 it was voted to lay out the road now 
extending from the back road to F. B. T. Leavitt's house. This year a school 
was kept by Nehemiah Ordway for seven dollars per month. 

Up to ITS"), the settlements had been principally in two localities: one 
section embracing that portion lying along the main road and including 
the mill neighborhood and a few scattered settlements in Raccoonborough and 
Pine 1 1 ill districts, denominated the southwest part; and the other, the region 
about the governor's farm, with an occasional settlement along the way to 
Dimond's Corner, and in the neighborhood of that locality known as the 
northeast part. The central portion was more sparsely inhabited, as the soil 
was too moist to produce good crops. 

In 1781 the eitizens of the northeast part, as well as those of the second 
division of Middleton (now Brookfield), petitioned to be set off into a new 
town. In ITS.") the eitizens of the southwest part of Wolfeborough offered a 
remonstrance. As it will show somewhat the condition of the town, we give 
some extracts. The remonstrants, after expressing their surprise at the unrea- 
sonableness of the petitioners, urge that their prayer should not be granted, 
from the following considerations: — 

First, because tin- number of families in the town of Wolfborough does not exceed forty, 
and those in the town of Middleton not more than twice that number; so that to divide two 
Buch -mall number of inhabitants so as to make three towns would be very injurious and 
expensive i<> the inhabitants as well as fco flic community at large; that the people of the 
whole town of Wolfborough together are poorly able to support proper town government, 
ami, by reason of their low circumstances and the difficulties of the late times, have never 
been able to settle a minister of the gospel, or eveu to hire necessary schooling for their 

Town of Wolfeborough. 319 

children ; and now to cu1 off one quarter or one third of said inhabitants would entirely oblit- 
erate all prospect of enjoying such blessings for a long time to co , as there are ool any 

settlers in the towns adjoining to be united to us. and bul little prospect of there being anj at 

present, as the lands are held by the proprietors in large bodies and are not to be c i :it 

without a large price being given therefor. Secondly, that, although the inhabitants who 
have petitioned Cor a separation may ool exceed the number above mentioned, yet that part of 
the lands they desire to have cut off is above one half of the value, as to the quality ol the 
whole town, the middle pan being exceeding poor ami but little thereot suitable Cor settle- 
ment. Thirdly, thai your remonstrants mostly live on one direct road in the sou