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Darlington Memorial Library 

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University of Pittsburgh Library System 





JOH^ BLAIR LINN. I^^i-i^l'f 



18 8 3. 


'1 A^' 




I ASSUMED the responsibility of editing a history of Centre and Clinton Counties, in defer- 
ence to the request of Maj. Louis H. Everts, a gallant officer of the volunteer army of the 
United States. I did it because ever since the internecine strife has ceased, jMaj. Everts has 
' thrown his energy, time, and means into the publication of books illustrative of the history of 
J -^our State and country, and I was satisfied that he would spare neither .labor nor in 
making a complete history of the counties I have undertaken to descrilie. j\Iy acknowledg- 
ments are therefore made first to him, for his liberality in the illustrations, and the carle hfmu-he 
he gave me to make a liistory of Centre and Clinton Counties all it ought to l)c. If there is 
anv failure, it is on the part of the editor. 

I have also numerous friends to whom I should make acknowledgments for favors and 

r communications, particularly James Gilliland, Esq., of Washington, D. C, I>. S. ]\Iaynard, E-q., 
of New Jersey, whose zeal and accuracy in historical researcii cannot be surpassed. At hoii^e, 
Hon. A. G. Curtin was of invaluable assistance to me, and for local history I am under obliga- 
tion especially to Capt. Christian Dale, Samuel Potter, Peter Wilson, Capt. Jared B. Fislitr, 
Professor Henry Meyer, now a representative in the Pennsylvania Legislature, Dr. Williiuii I. 
Wilson, J. Dunlop Shugert, Rev. Frederick Kurtz, and Hon. L. A. Mackey, H. L. Dieffenb.-itii, 
and several other gentlemen of Lock Haven. I am indebted also to the various newspapcis of 
both counti&s for the many items of interest culled from their columns, and to all who have in 
any way contributed to make tliis work a success I make my most humble acknowledgments: _ 

John Bl.\ir Linx. 
Bellefonte, Pa., Jnn. 1, 1883. _ ■ 





I. — Indian Occnpation 

II— Biilil Eagle and Logan Chiefs 

HI— Indian Patlis— Territoiial Description- Streams and 


IV.— Tlio Discovery of Penn's Valley- Surveys of 1770 — 
Manor of Succoth — Manor of Nottingham— Snr- 

vevs 1769 

v.— The First Settler :... 

VI.— Norlhumlerhmd County Oiganizod— Assessment in 
Bald Eagle Township— Early Settlements— Potter 

Township Assessment and the Associators 

VII.— Bald Eagle and Pelin's Valley in 1775 

VIII.— Inhabitants of Potter Township in 177U— Residents 
of Bald Eagle and Potter— Events of the Bevolu- 

tion— Indian Massacre 

IX.— Events of 1779-84— The first Iron Company— Snr- 

veys and Retnrn of the Inhabitants 

X.— Election Districts and Lists of Settlers 

XI.— Erection of Mifflin Count.v— Lists of Inhabilants— 

Gen. James Putter's Death and Will 

XII.— Centre Furnace— Howell's Map of 1792— Rock Iron- 
works— Haines and Upper Bald Eagle in 1793 


XIII.— Schedule of General Election, Oct. 19, 1794— Turner 
Iron-Works- Miles' Rangers— Miles Township— 

Post-Offlces— Forges 

XIV.— Political— Alien and Sedition Laws— Additional Resi- 
dents and Officers, 1701-lSOU 

XV.— Population in 1800— Erection of Centre County and 

Boundary Lines 

XVI.— Organization of the County— Court Proceedings— 
Roads— Township Assessments— Upper Bald Eiigle 
and Spring Townships — Lower Bald Eagle Town- 

XVII.— Residents of Centre, Haines, and Miles Townships... 
XVHI.— Residents of Putton, Potter, Ferguson, and Half- 
Moon Townships 

XIX.— The First Murder in the County— United Brethren 
in Christ— Spring Township— Taxable and Elec- 
tion Returns 

XX. — Tavern Licenses and Roads — Political 

XXI.— Roan Diary— School of 1809— Howard and Walker 
Townships Erected — Lists of Inhabitants— Eagle 

Works Erected— Newhy's Case 

XXII.— Centre County in the War of 1812— Death of Sil- 


XXIII.— Centre Bank of Pennsylvania— The American Pa 


XXIV.— Rush Township Erected— Boggs Township Erected 
—List of Inhabitants— The Independent Repub- 
lican — Lamar Township and Early Settlers 

XXV.-^Political— Missionary— The Bellefonte Patriot- 
Judge Walker— James Monk tried for Murder — 
List of Witnesses in Monk's Trial— Revolutionary 

Soldiers— Stage-Routes 

XXVI.— Logan Township Erected— Ta.xable Inhabitants in 
1819— Henry Dale's House Robbed— Election Re- 
turns—Politics—Robbery at Potter's Mills 

XXVII.— Census— Locusts— Rains— Diseases— Politics— Cam- 
paign of ISKS 

XXVIII.— Political— Logan Branch Woolen-Factory— Agricul- 
tural Societies — Crops — Domestic Manufactures — 
Volunteer Companies — Hotel-Keepers — Centre 

County in 1825 

XXIX.— Iron-Works in Centre County in 182G— Canal Im- 
provements — Political — Centre Democrat and 
Centre Berichter Established— Election Returns, 

1826- Merchants of 1827 

XXX.— The Jackson Campaign— Ritner Campaign, 1829— 

Census — Temperance Society — Political 

XXXI. — Temperance Societies Formed — United States Bank 







Contest— Death of Gen. Bcnner— Election Re- 
turns, 1832 

, — Union Meetings— Encanijmients — Rain of Fire — Re- 
newal of the Deposits — Common Schools — Educa- 

— Politics— Iron- Works in Operation in 1830— Military 

Encampments — Buckshot War — Political 

-Erection of Clinton County — Opposition to Election 

of Dr. Strohecker 

Census of 1810- The Uanison Campaign- The 
Democratic Whig — The Tariff Issue — Temperance 


—Politics— Ofticial Return, 1844— Railroad Meeting— 
Me.\ican War Soldiers— Gen. Irvin Nominated for 

Governor— Official Returns in 1347-48 80 

—Incidents— The Grand Hunt— Census of 1850— 

Teachers' Institute 89 

—Union Township Erected— Post-Office— Railroads- 

Log-Floating — Temperance Meetings 91 

, — Snow-Storm — American Party — Democratic Watch- 
man Established— Jug Law— Farmers' High 

School 94 

XL.— Banking Firm— Bellefonte Gas Company— Belle- 
fonte Cemetery — Lock Haven and Tyrone Railroad 

— Political — Republican Mass-meeting 97 

XLI.— Encampment— Farmers' Mutual Insurance Com- 
pany—Snow Shoo Railroad— Bellefonte Fenciblcs 

—Central Press— D^alh of Judge Burnside 99 

XLII — A. 0. Curtin Nominated fur Governor— Election Re- 
lurns— I'opulation of Centre County in 1800- 

Robberies 101 

XLllI.— Events preceding the War of 1801-05- Enthusiastic 

Meeting of the People 104 

XLIV.— The Bellefonte Fencibles— Eagle Guards— Cameron 
Infantry and Three Months' Service— Hess' Com- 
pany captured — Muster-Rolls of Officers and Men 
of Capts. J. B. Mitchell, A. B. Snyder, Robert Mc- 
Farlane, and J. II. Stover's Companies — Killing of 
Augustus H. Poorman by Edward Lipton and Wil- 
liam Hays, on Nittany Mountain IOC 

XLV.— Three Years' Companies— Centre Guards (Fifth Re- 
serves) — The Independent Cavalry 108 

XL'^'r.— Penn's Valley Infantry— Company E, Forty-ninth 
Pennsylvania — Company G, Fifty-first Pennsyl- 
vania— Capt. J. Miles Green's Company 110 

XLVII— Furty-fllth Pennsylvania Regiment— Field and Staff 

from Centre County— Companies A, D, and E 113 

XLVIII.— Officers and Privates from Rush Township in Com- 
pany D, Fifty-third Regiment— tympany I — 
Company F, Filty-ninth (Second Cavalry) — Com- 
pany E, Seventh Cavalry, Capt. I. B. Schaeffer— 
Company E, Ninety-third Infantry, and Company 

B, One Hundred and Forty-flaii Pennsylvania 117 

XLIX.— Miscellaneous List of Soldieis enlisted from Centre 
County — Unknown Companies and Regiments — 
One Hundred and Sixtieth— Company II, Fifty- 
sixth Pennsylvania IIS 

L.— One Hundred and Forty eighth Regiment 122 

H.— One Hundred and Forty-eighth Regiment— Field, 

Staff, Line, and Privates 123 

LII —Historical Sketch of the One Hundred and Forty- 
eighth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers 131 

LIII— Nine Months' Troops— Centre County Militia— The 
Draft— Rolls of DiB'ereut Companies— Colored Sol- 
diers from Centre County IK 

LIV.— First National Bank— Centre Reiwrter— Philips- 
burg Journal — Bellefonte Republican — Belle- 
fonte National — Central Press — Undine Fire 
Company— Census of 1870— Election Returns of 
1872— Great Storm of 1874— Centre County Vet- 
eran Club— Official Tote of 1870- Eiots of July 21, 





1877— OfBciiil Vote of 1S80— Census Enumerators 
—Election Returns of 1S82 

-History of German Keforuied Cliurcli 

-Eiliiciitional Interests of Centre County — First 
Solluols — 01(1 Teachers — County Superiutendents 
— Tlie County Normal School 

-Roll of Attorneys 

-Civil List — Members of Congress, Senators, Judges, 

-Inttrnal Improvements— Roads— State Roads— Tlio 
TurnpikeEra— Canals— Railroads— Plank-Roads. 

-Pliysicians- Centre County Medical Society 

-Biographical and Genealogical 

-Bellefonte Borough — Tost-Office — Presliyterian 
Church — Bellefonte Academy — Borough Incorpo- 
ration— Bellefonte Water-Works— Early Merch- 
ants and Business Men— Bellefonte in 1824— Board 
of Health — Paper-Making.— PuUic Schools- 
Churches— Seminary— Cemetery— Fire Dopart- 
ment— Societies— Fenciblcs of 1880- Mills and 
Manufactures— Oldest Business Men in 1882— 
Hotels in 18S2— Biographical 

-Benner Township — First Surveys — Early Reminis- 
cences — Roopshurg — Churches— Tax-Payers in 
1854— Civil List— Benner Grange, No. 107 

-Boggb Township — Early Surveys — Early Incidents 

— First Church — Early Settlers — Industries- 
Churches— Schools— Civil List— Biographical 

-Burnside Township — Surveys and Land Suits — Set- 
tlers and Residents — Slessiah Church — Township 

-College Township— Schools— Villages— Churches— 
I'ennsylvauia State College — Township Organi- 

-Cuitin Township— Organization-Early Settlers- 
Churches — Roads — Schools — Lumber Business iu 
1880— Civil List 

-Ferguson Township — Early Settlers — Surveys- 
Schools — Churches — Societies— Mills — Soldiers' 
Club — Rocli Spring— Miniiig Company — Civil 

-GreggTownship-Eaily Surveys-Settlements, early 
and later — Early Schools — Churches — 
Places— Spring Mills— Physicians— Societies— Ac- 
ademy — Farmers' Mills — Penn Hall — Township 
Organization— Tax -Payers in 1827— Civil Li^it 

-Haines Township— Early Surveys— Early Seltlei-s- 
Burial-Places — Schools — Aaronshurg — Inhabit- 
ants of Aaronsburg in 1802 and 1810— First Store- 
keeper —Notices of some of the Residents— 
Churches— Academy— Woodward— Civil List 

-Half-Moon Township— Land Titles— Early Settlers 
—Tax-Payers in 1810— Old Citizens-Churches- 
Grangers— Scliools— Villages— Ore— Civil List 

-Harris Townsbiii— Surveys, Settlers, etc -Villages- 
Grangers — Academy— Churches — Schools— Bu rial- 
Places— Taverns— iSwnship Organization— Tax- 
Payers iu ISaO- Civil List 

-Howard Townshii>— Early Surveys and Settlei-s- 
Civil List — Borough Incorporation — Fron-Works.. 

-Huston Township— Surveys — Township Organiza- 
tion—Tax-Payers in 1810— Civil List— Early Set- 
tlors— Schools— IMigious— Furnaces 

-Liberty Township — Early Surveys and Settlers — 
Township Organization — Schools — Churches — 
Burial-Places—Eagleville— Societies 

-Marion Township — Settlements and Settlors — 
Churches— Cemeteries — Schools — Walker Post- 
Offlce— Seminary— Irun-Mines--Early Taverns- 
Early Physiciana- Township Organization- Tax- 
payers in 1841- Civil List— Grange 

-Miles Township— Surveys— General Sketch— Roads 

— Mills— First Stores — Towns — Post-Offices — 
Schools— Societies— Pliysicians— Military Organi- 
zation — Religious — List of Old Residents— Burial- 
Grouuds— Miscellaneous 




-Milesburg Borough — Post-Office — Revolutionary 
Soldiers— Giaveyard— Churches— Manufactures— 
Societies— Borough Incorporation 3G7 

-Patton Township — Early Settlers — Churches— 
Mining— Civil List 371 

-Penn Townshif) — Early Settlers — Churches — Organ- 
ization— Tax-Payers in 184j — Tnrnpikes — Vil- 
lages— Churches— Burial-Places— Societies 376 

-Pbilipsburg Borough— Founders of the Town— Post- 
Office— Schools — Churches — Bnrial-Places — Fi-' 
nancial — Manufactures — Water Company — Socie- 
ties — Press of Pliilipsburg — Military — Borough 
Incorporation 382 

-Potter Township — First Surveys and Settlors — 
Churches— Schools— Physicians— Banking — So- 
cieties— Villages-^Mills— Civil List 401 

-Rush Township— Early Surveys— Tax-Payers iu 

1830— Early Settlers 410 

-Snow Shoe Township— First Survey— First Settlers 
—Roads— Schools— Township Oi-ganizatiou-Tax- 
Payers in 18il—Villages —Churches— Miuiug- 
Lumbering 420 

-Spring Township — Early Surveys — Revolutionary 
Soldiers— Notes of Residents- Churches— Indus- 
tries— Villages— Grange 431 

-Taylor Township — Surveys — Pioneer Settlers — 
Roads— ludustrios—Schools— Religious — Burial- 
Places- Tax-Payers iu 1849— Civil List 439 

-Union Township— Early Settlers— Tax-Payers in 
1851 — Schools — Churches— Township Organiza- 
tion 443 

-Unionville Borough — lucorporation—Schools—Re- 

li;;iuu3— Grangers— Temperance 451 

-Walker Township — Early Settlers — Villages— 

Chnrches— Bnrial-Places 456 

-Worth Township — Surveys— Early Selllers — Pio- 
neer Roads— Mills-Schools— Keligions-Burial- 
Places— Villages and Merchants— JIanufactures 
—Tax-Payers in 1849— Township Organization 459 

XCI.— Notices of Paths and Indian Chiefs— Territorial His- 
tory— Officers' Survey— First Settlers 407 

XCir.-Fithian's Journal, 1775 471 

XCIII.— Committee of Safety— Kevoluliouary Soldiers 473 

XCIV.— Indian TiouUles— Great Runaway— Return of the 

Inhabitants— Laud Titles— Residents in 178> 475 

XCV.— Officers of Bald Eagle in 1785— James Harris' Jour- 
nal-Assessment of Pine Creek in 1780— Bald Eagle 
in 1787— Residents in Nippenose iu 1787- Lower 
Bald Eagle, 1788-92- Additional Residents, etc.... 478 
XCVI.— Residents of Bald Eagle iu 1793, Manied and Single 

—Assessment of Pine Creek, 1700 480 

XCVII.— Geological and Topographical— The Auroral and 
Matinul Rocks— Auroral Masnesian Limestone— 
Matinal Shales— Levant Gray Sandstone— Levant 

Red Sandstone— Levant White Sandstone 481 

XCVIII.— Region of the Seven Mountains- Seven Mountains.. 483 
XCIX.— Nittany and Bald Eagle Mountains- Short Moun- 
tain — Brush Mountain — Plateau of Nittany Moun- 
tain-Pleasant Valley-Little Valle.v— Nittany 
Mountain- Anticlinal Belt— Nittany Valley. An- 
ticlinal Axis — Nippenose or Oval Limestone Val- 
ley — Antes Gap — Sugar Valley 483 

C— Brush Valley— Penu's Valley —George's Valley— Nit- 
tany Valley— Sections opposile Mill Hall Gap- 
Sections near Jacksonville-Section of the Valley 

at Bellefonte Gap 487 

CI.— Organization— Civil List— Stale'presen- 
tatives— Delegates to Coiistitulinnal C.Miveulicui, 
1873— President Judges- Additional Law Jiulges 
-Associate Judges— Shcriffs-Distiiet Attorneys 
—County Comniifsioners— County Treasuiers— 
Register, Recorder, etc.- Prollionotalies- Coro- 



ners— Deimty Surveyors of Clinton County — 
County Auditors — Notaries — Sealers of Weights 
and Measures— A uclioueenf — Justices of the Peace 
fur Clinton County by Townships — Vote for Gov- 
ernor, 1841-1882 489 

Cir.— Clinton County in tlie Kehcllion— Eleventh Kegi- 
ment— Thirty-sixth Regiment (Seventh Reserves) 
—First Pennsylvania Cavalry {Forty-fourth Regi- 
ment) — Fifty-second Regiment — Fifty-eighth 
t Regiment— Eightieth Regiment (Seventh Cavalry) 
— Ninety-third Regiment — One Hundred and 
Tliirtyscventh Regiment— Two Hundred and Sev- 
enth Regiment 494 

cm.— History of Township Schools of Clinton County 512 

CIV. — Statistics, Agricultural Society, etc. — Censn*' ot ISoO, 
1860, 1870, 1880— Post-OfBces in Clinton County in 
1882, taken from Official Report of Post.Oflice 
Department 518 

CV.— City of Lock Haven— Distances— Allilude—Latitude 
and Longitude— Pioneer Land Locators — Pioneer 
Setllei-s— Jane Reed and the Indians— Pioneer 
Weddings— Mike Swartz and the Bear— A Rev- 
erend Patriot— Lost Treasure Found— Reed's Fort 
—Pioneer Beginnings in Old Town— Public Im- 
provements — Canal Riots — Capt. Samuel H. Wil- 
Bou— .Terry Church's Purchase- Rise and Growth 
of Lock Haven- Jerry Church's Folly- Lock 
Haven, Origin of Name and Original Survey — 
Lock Haven in 18;JS— Business and Prices in 1S41 
—Additions to the Original Lock Haven— West- 
ern, Northwestern, Fearon and alackey's,Quiggle's, 
Eastern, Price's, Irwin's, Gill's, Shaw, Blanchard 
& Co.'s, Myers', James Jcfferis', and Ball's Addi- 
tions — Court-Houses, Jails, Markets, and Public 
Buildings— Barker's Tavern Court-House- The 
JerryChnrchCourt House— The New Court-House 
and other Public Buildings— Hotels of Lock Haven 
— Civil Orgnnizatinn — Press of Lock Haven — Lock 
Havj;n Fire Department — Industries of Lock 
Haven— Bar of Lock Haven- Societies and Cor- 
porations — Lock Haven Gas-Works — Lock Haven 
Bridge Company — Banks of Lock Haven — Lock 
Haven Library Company — Lock Haven Water- 
Works — West Branch Boom Company — Great 
Island Presbyterian Church— Trinity Methodist 
Episcopal Church— Baptist Church— First German 
Evangelical Lnthcian Cliurch— St. Paul's Prot- 

• estant Episcopal church— Church of Christ (Di.s- 

ciples)— Firet Church of Ihe Evangelical Associa- 
tlon- St. John's Evangelical Lutheran Church— 
Imumnuel's German Evangelical Lutheran Church 
—St. Agnes' Geluian Roman Catholic Church— 
St. Luke's Reformed Chuich— Roman Catholic 
Chnrch— African Methodist Ep'scopal Church- 
Highland Cemetery — Educatioiuil— Albert N. 
Ranb— Lock Haven, Paist and Present- Police 
Department— Medical Profession— Hon. Charles 
A. Mayer— Hon. William Dunn— Justin J. Pie— . 
T. C. Hippie, Esq.- Cliarles Kreamer— Hon. S. 
Woods Caldwell— H. L. Iliffenbach— Col. Phaon 

Jarrett 519 

CVI.— Allison Townshili— Early Settlers— Fleuiingtou— 
Reformed Cemetery — Methodist Episcopal Church 
—Disciples' Church— Good Templars— Business 
Indnsli-ierf — James Welsh — William Karskaddon 
— Adam Gast — Great Island Cemetery — Lewis 

andConly 505 

CVII.— Bald Eagle Township- Pioneer Settlement— Mill 
Hall Borough— Pioneer ludustri.-s of Mill Hall- 
Borough Officers— Industries of 1882— Blethodist 
Episcopal Church— Bald Eagleand Nillany Valley 
Presbyterian Church— Christi in Church— Soci- 
eties and Postmiisters 5G9 

CVIII.— Beech Creek Towubliip and Borough— Geogi aidi- 
ical— Soil— Creeks— Miner.ils- Settlements— Mur- 
der of Reuben Giles— The Hollands Mjstery— 



ex VI. 


ex XI. 


The Great Ring Hunt- Other Hunting .Scones- 
Pioneer Schools, Pioneer Elections, Pioneer and 
Later Mills, etc. — Beech Creek Borough — Borough 
Officers — Methodist E|ii8copal CInircIi — Presbyte- 
rian Church — Cemeteries — Schools — Order* — Pro- 
fessions and Business Industries in 1882 .57(1 

— Castanea Township 58:', 

-Chapman Township— Young Woman's Creek— Pio- 
neer Hunting Scenes-Pioneer Settlers, how Ihcy 
lived and how they built — Villages — VonugWo- 
manstown — Hyner — Biographical: Hon. Amos 
C. Noyes, Charles K. Noyes, Robert Biidgens, 
Esq., John Scott Bailey, W. T. McCloekey 583 

-Renovo Borough- Philadelphia and Erie Railroad- 
Laying Out the Town — Early Stores and Indus- 
tries — Borough Incorporation — Officials — Presby- 
terian Church— St. Joseph's Catholic Church — 
Methodist Episcopal Church— Trinity Protestant 
Episcopal Church — English Lutheran Chnrch — 
Societies^Soldiers of the Union Army- Renovo 
Record rSi 

-Colebrook Township — Pioneer Settlers — Manufac- 
tures COl 

-Cr.awford Township GW 

-Dunstable Township— Village of Liberty— The Quig- 

ley Family— The Baird Family— Biographical GOii 

-Gallanher Township C09 

-Greene Township — Ligmsville Borough — Borough 
Officers- Sugar Valley Mutual Fire Insurance 
Company— St. Paul's Chnrch, Lutheran and Re- 
formed — Salem Evangelical Association Church — 
Biographical Gil 

-Grngan Township— Incidents of Pioneer Sotllers- 
Grngan Family— Schools— ClaHin Family— Settle- 
ments and Improvements C20 

-Keating Townshi|is (East and West)— Original Sur- 
veys—Pioneer Schools— Pioneer Taverns— Flood 
— Pioneer Busine-s Experiences — Flood of 1865 — 
Relics. Mining, etc.— Business of Keating 025 

-Lamar Township — Water. Minerals, etc. — Pioneer 
Settlors, Early Schools, etc.— Industries, Villages, 
etc. — Prominent ^fen of Lamar — Lutheran Chnrch 
— Reformed Church — Methodist Episcopal Church 
—Cemetery— Business Industries— Cedar Hill 
Cemetery — Soldiers' Monument — Bioi:raphical r.29 

-Leidy Townslii|i— Hammersley's Fork Post-Office 

and Cemetery 0^5 

-Logan Township— Pioneer Settlers— Villages and 
Churches— Reformed and Lutheran Chnrch— 
Evangelical Association Church — Booneville — Ln- 
theran Church— Evangelical Association Church 
— Gieenville— Lutheran and Reformed Church— 
The Evangelical Association Church— Post-Offlce 
— Judge I. Frantz C42 

—Noyes Township — Descriptive — Sliueralsand Indus- 
tries—Pioneer Settlers, where they lived and mills 
biiilt— Pioneer Schoids, Meetings, etc.— Hunting 
Panthei^- Shintown Settlement— Pioneer Land- 
warraiits- Cooks Run Settlement— Post-Offices 
and Stores-Pioneer T.iwnsliips- WestlJorl G46 

-Pino Creek Township— Description, Warrants, 
Biiilges, Roads, etc.— Pioneer Settlers, Schools, 
Pieachers, etc.— Big Runaway, Indi.iu Massacre, 
Hamilton's and others' Escape— Declaration of 
Pine Creek Independence- Pioneer Farming — 
Pioneer Mills. Wells, etc.- Villages— Alexander 
Hamilton— Phelps' Mills— The C.uderepcrt Boad 
—The White Family— Biographical G52 

-Poiter Township — Desciiptive — Pioi.eel-s aud 
Schools— Porter Township in the War of 1861-05 
—Owners of the McKibbeu Tract— Industiies— 
Churches- Mining— From 18011 to 1S20— Incidents 
— Clintoudalo— Yankeetown OiD 

-Wayne Townshili— Descriptive-Pioneer Settlers- 
Pioneer Schouls and Teachers— Iteligions— West 
Branch CampMce'ing Associution- JlcElhattan 




Gap— Koads—Eelics— National Transit Pipe-Line 

port Village- Woodward in the War of 18C1-G5— 

Station— James Cliatham 663 

Indian Relics— MineralBof Wood ward— MelliOdist 

. CXXVI.— Woodward Township— Descriptive— Pioneers and 

Episcopal Clinrch Cemetery — William Ricliie- 

Pioneer Beginnings — Dunnsburg Village — Lock- 


Achenljacli, George A GIT 

Alexander, Hon. Cj-rus T 246 

Alexander, Joseph 440 

Alexander, James 174 

Alexander, Josiah 174 

Alexander, William 174 

Alexander, William 174 

Alexander, William K 382 

Allison, William 175 

Allison, Matthew 174 

Anspach, John 174 

Antes, Philip 176 

Bailey, John S 590 

Bailey, Kichard 176 

Baird, David 608 

Barnhart, Henry 176 

Barnbart, Jacob 17G 

Barnhart, Mrs. Mary 176 

Bayard, A. W 170 

Bear, George 177 

Beaver, James Addanis 177 

Benner, Gen. Philip 178 

Benner, John 179 

Berry, Jacob 179 

Bierly, Anthony 179 

Bierly, Anthony, Jr 179 

Bierly, John 179 

Bierly, Nicholas 180 

Blakcly, Eliziibeth ISO 

Blarichai'd, John 162 

Bo;il, David ISO 

Boggs, Andrew 180 

Boggs, Jndge Robert 180 

Boggs, John 181 

Boggs, William 181 

Bollander, Steplien 181 

Bower, CM 252 

Brew, Thaddeus 181 

Brady, '.Nilliam Perry 181 

Bridgnns, Robert 590 

Brisben, William 181 

Brockerhoff. Henry 247 

Brown, Tliomas, Sr C.iS 

Brnggcr, Samuel 4.'-.0 

Bruugart, George 181 

Brnngait, Jacob 182 

Brurigart, Martin 1S2 

Bryson, Robert C 182 

Buchanan, George 182 

Buchtel, John 182 

Burcliheld, William 183 

Burnside, Hon. Thomas 1S3 

Burnside, James 1S4 

Bnsh, D. G 248 

Caldwell, Jane 184 

Caldwell, S. Woods 6C:! 

Caldwell. Thomas 184 

Callahan, Charles B 185 

Cambridge, Constans 185 

Campbell, Cleary 185 

Campbell, David 185 

Campbell, James W 185 

Canfleld, IraD 186 

Chambers, Elijah 186 

Chambers, James A 186 

Conser, John S 18G 

Conser, Levi 618 

Cook, Martha Walker 186 

Cook, William 180 

Cooper, Samuel M 186 

Cornian, George J 186 

Cnrtin, Constans 187 

Curtin, Roland 187 

Cnrtin, Roland, Jr 187 

Curtin, Hon. A. G 187 

Dale, Christian 188 

Dale, Henry 188 

Dartt, R. L 263 

David, Daniel 188 

De Haas, John Philip 188 

Dieffenbach, H. L 664 

Dobbins, Daniel 189 

Dougherty, James 189 

Downing, Thomas 189 

Dubb-s Oswald 189 

Duncan, James 301 

Dnnlop. James 180 

Dnnlop, John 190 

Dunn, William 659 

Earlle, Valenline 190 

Ferguson, Thomas 101 

Fisher, J. B 29G 

Fisher, Peter S 191 

Foster, Charles R 397 

Frank, George 192 

Frantz, Isaac G45 

Furey, John '. 192 

Furey, William, Sr 192 

Cast, Christian 192 

Cast, J.Nicholas 192 

Gill, William 192 

Glenn, John 193 

Graham, George 192 

Granily. Francis 192 

Gramly, John _. 193 

Granily, Adam '. 193 

Gray, Peter, Sr 193 

Gray, Peter B 193 

Gray, John L 193 

Gray, John 193 

Green, Joseph, Sr 190 

Green, Joseph, Jr 196 

Green, S. Miles 196 

Gregg, Hon. Andrew 193 

Gregg, Gen. John Irviii 195 

Gricst, A.J 451 

Grove, Daniel C 349 

Hale, James T 199 

Hale, John M 396 

Hale, R. 394 

Hall, John 108 

Harloff, Godfrey 198 

Harper, George 198 

Iliir.dd, Neil 198 

Harris, James ; 198 

Harris, James D 199 

Harris, Joseph 200 

HaiTis, William 200 

Harris, William 200 

Hasson,Jolin 200 

Haslings, Thomas 200 

Hayes, Thomas U 202 



Hazel, Jacob, Sr 200 

Hazel, Bernard , 200 

Henderson, Jonatban K 200 

Hilbish, D. J 3CG 

Hinton, William 200 

Hippie, T.C 560 

Holmes, Robert 201 

Holt, David W 397 

Homan, George 201 [ 

Houser, Jacob 201 

Hoy, Adam 201 | 

Hoy, Charles 201 

Hoy, George 202 

Humes, Hamilton 202 

Humes, Edward C 202 

Huston, Charles 202 

Irvin, John 20t 

Irvin, Vrnliam 204 

Irvin, Gen. James 205 

Jack, Andrew 205 

Jarrett, Fhaon 504 

Keller, D. C 415 

Kelly,James K 206 ' 

Kimport, Daniel 206 i 

Kooken, John K 206 

Kreamer, Andrew 206 ' 

Kreamer, Charles 503 

Kreamer, Jacob 206 

Kreighbaum, William 206 

Kryder, John 206 

Kurtz, Frederick 413 

Kurtz, Ludwig 207 

Lamb, David 207 ; 

Lauth, Bernard 329 ] 

Linn, James 207 l 

Linn, Hon. John Blair 254a | 

liinn, Samuel 162 

Livingston, Daniel - 208 

Livingston, George 208 i 

Long, John Jacob 209 I 

Loraine, Henry 394 

Lowrey, John G 209 

Ly tie, Isaac 209 

Lucas, Charles 209 

Mayer, Charles A 559 

McAllister, H. N 210 ' 

McAllister, Hugh Nelson 210 ; 

McCaman, John 211 I 

McCloskey, Joseph 211 

McCloskey, W. T 593 

McCormick, C. S 561 

McCormick, Robert , 561 

McCoy, J. M 267 

McEwen, Henry 211 

McKee, James 211 

McKinney, Isaac 211 

McKinney, David 212 

McKinney, John 212 

Meek, John B 213 

Meek, P. Gray 247 

Meek, E. H 213 1 

Meyer, Henry 214 

Meyer, Henry 214 

Miles, James 214 ; 

Mallory, Isaac 212 j 

Malone, Richard 212 

Martin, James 213 

Mayes, Thomas 213 

Miles, John 214 

Miles, Joseph 215 

Miles, Richard 215 

Miller, A. V 438 j 

Miller, Isaac 215 

Mllliken, James 251 

Milliken, Thompson 215 

Mitchell, John 215 ' 


Montgomery, John 216 

Molz, John 307 

Munson, Chester 399 

Musser, John 210 

Musser, P. T 307 

Noyes, A. C 588 

Noyes, Charles K 589 

Nultall, John 4(10 

Packer, James 217 

Packer, William F 217 

Patton, John 219 

Pearce, Marmaduke 219 

Petrikin, William 219 

Petrikin, Henry 220 

Petrikin, James N 220 

Pettit, William 220 

Pie, .Tustin J 300 

Potter, Fergus 220 

Potter, James 220 

Potter, Gen. James 402 

Potter, William 221 

Potter, Mrs, Lucy 221 

Pruner, David 1 222 

Pruner, Edmund J •.••■ 254 

Qu.ay, Joseph F 635 

Rankin, William 222 

Rankin, John 222 

Raub, A. N 5.57 

Ream, John F 22.i 

Reber, Abraham 223 

Keber, Jiicob 223 

Reynolds, John 223 

Reynolds, William F 240 

Rhone, Leonard 414 

Rhone, Michael 223 

Rich, Benjamin 451 

Rishel, John 224 

Royer, Christopher 224 

Royer, John S 224 

Ruhl, John 224 

Sankey, Thomas 224 

Sankey, William 224 

Scbaeffer, John A 224 

Schacffer, Nicholas 224 

Schall, John 225 

Sechler, Hammon 254B 

Schaffer, John U ; COO 

Shannon, John 225 

Shoemaker, John K 225 

Shugert, J. Dunlop 254a 

Shugert, Joseph B 225 

Smith, William 225 

Smyth, William 225 

Snook, Joseph v 619 

Spangler, Christopher 220 

Steiner,J.F 399 

Stewart, Dr. M •• ■■• *■!! 

Sussman, Abraham •" 226 

Swanzey, William 226 

Thomas, William A 253 

Thompson, .Tohn 317 

Thompson, John 227 

Thompson, Moses 277 

Tipton, A. S 282 

Tonner,John '227 

Tonner, John 227 

Treziyulny, Charles 22S 

Valentine, Bond 228 

Wagner, William, Sr 228 

Walbon, Henry 228 

Walbon, Michael 228 

Walker, John 228 

Waltsmith, Christian 228 

Weaver, .lohn 228 

Weaver, J. F 207 

Wilson, Peter 296 


Williiime, Benjamin 229 

Williams, James 229 

Williams, Joseph 229 

Williams, Joshua 229 

Wilson, P. B 229 

Wilson, Samuel 229 

Wilson, William P 229 

Wolf, Anthony 230 


Wolf, Hon. S. S 230 

Wolf, Franks 230 

Wolf, Jacob 230 

Wolf, D. M 297 

Wolf, William «2 

Wolfart, John 230 

Wolfavt, Philip 230 

Young, Robert 231 


Achenbadi, George A facing 017 

Alexander, C. T between 240, 247 

Alexander, Joseph facing 449 

Alexander, William K 382 

Allison, William facing 175 

Bailey, John S " 591 

Baird, David " 008 

Beaver, Gen. James A " 123 

Bhinchurd, Edmund " 244 

Blanchard, John " 1G2 

Bo«er,C.M " 252 

Bridgeus, Robert " 690 

Brockerhoff House, Allegheny Street between 234, 235 

Brockerboff Block, BishopStreet " 234,235 

Brockerhoff, Henry ".....facing 246 

Brockerhoff House, Bellsfonte between 232, 233 

Brown, Thomas, Sr facing 058 

Brugger, Samuel " 450 

Burnside, Thomas 183 

Bush Arcade between 238,239 

BuBh,D. G facing 248 

Bush House " 238 

Caldwell, S. Woods " 5G3 

Central Normal School ?. " 555 

Conser, Levi " 618 

Cou It-House, Bellefonte " 95 

Court-House, Lock Haven " 529 

Curtin, A. G " 101 

Dartt, B. L between 242,243 

Dieffenbach, H. L " 504,565 

Duncan, James 302 

Dunlop, James 190 

Dunn, William between 558, 569 

Fisher, J. B " 290, 297 

Foster, Charles R " 390,397 

Frantz, Isaac facing 045 

Gregg, Hon. Andrew 194 

Gregg, Gen. John Irvin facing 195 

Grenoble, I. J., Residence of " 293 

Griest, A. J between 450,451 

Grove, Daniel C facing 349 

Harris, James 199 

Hale, James T 199 

Hale, John M , between 396, 397 

Hale, R C " 396,397 

Hayes, Tliomas R facing 253 

IliUrish, D.J " 306 

Hippie, T. C between 560, 561 

H.dt, David W " 390,397 

Hoy, facing 201 

Humes, Edward C " 202 

Huston, Charles 202 

Irvin, Gen. James facing 205 

Jarrett, Phaon between 564, 605 

Keller, D. C 415 

Kreanier, Charles... facing 502 

Kijrtz, Frederick " 413 

Laulh, Bernard «* 329 

Loraine, Henry " 394 

liinn, Samuel « 163 

Linn, John Blair " 254a 

Map of Indian Land Improvements, Dunstable Township " 600 

Map showing Line between Centre and Union Counties " 61 


Map, Outline, Centre County facing 1 

Map, Outline, Clinton County " 467 

Map of Original Survey of Aaronsburg " 301 

Map of Original Survey of Bellefonte " 231 

Map of Original Survey of Burnside Township between 268, 269 

Map of Original Survey of Chapman Township, in 1794. " 582, 683 

Map of the Original Plan of Lock Haven facing 526 

Map of Original Surveys in Liberty Township ■' 336 

Map of the Neighborhood of Lock Haven prior to 1839 *' 519 

Map of Reed and Ford Surveys, Bald Eagle Township " 600 

Map of Sugar Valley Surveys, Logan Township '* 642 

Map of Territory of Centre and Clinton Counties in 1792 " 24 

McAllister, Hugh Nelson •' 210 

McCloskey, W. T " 593 

McCormick, C. S , between 560,561 

McCormick, Robert facing 561 

McCoy, J. M " 266 

Mayer, Charles A between 558, 569 

Medal of John Lucas ; 52 

Meeic, P. Gray facing 247 

Miller, A. V " 438 

Milliken, James " 261 

Motz, John C " 306 

Munson, Chester between .398, 399 

Musser, P. T facing 307 

Noyes, A. C " 58S 

Noyes, Charles B " 589 

Nuttall, John " 400 

Officere' Survey of 1769, Centre County between 8, 9 

Officers' Survey Clinton County between 408, 409 

Packer, William F facing 217 

Pie, Justin J " 600 

Pruner,E. J " 254 

Raub, Albert N " 657 

Residence of David Baird " 607 

Residence and stock farm of George R. Boak between 270, 271 

Residence and store of George R. Boak facing 269 

Residence of the late Henry Brockerhoff between 232, 233 

Rcsidencoof D. G. Bush " 238,239 

Residence of John T. Fowler " 442, 443 

Residence of M. Stewart " 270, 271 

Residence and business house of Strause, Lehman & Co facing 390 

Residence of Isaac Thomas " 241 

Residence of the late Reuben B. Valentine " 243 

Residence of W. H. Wigton " 384 

Residence of H. M. Webster " 587 

Reynolds, W. F between 246, 247 

Rich, Benjamin " 450,461 

Rhone, Leonard facing 414 

Stewart, Dr. M " 431 

Steiner, J. F between 398,399 

Suook, Joseph facing 619 

Sandy Ridge Fire-Brick Works " 418 

Sliaffer, John U : " 600 

Thompson, John " 317 

Thompson, Moses " 277 

Thomas, W. A between 252,253 

Tipton, A. S facing 282 

Weaver, J. F " 207 

Wilson, Peter " 296 

Wolf, D. M " 297 

Wolf, William " 412 







The Shawanese Indians were the earliest aborig- 
inal inhabitants of the territory of Clinton and Centre 
Counties of whom we have any reliable information. 
The Muncy tribe, one of the Delaware tribes, had 
preceded them, but as early as 1728 had removed 
farther westward to the head-waters of the Allegheny. 
According to Reichel,' the Shawanese were a tribe 
of Southern Indians who were expelled from their 
seats by the Spaniards of Florida and migrated north- 

In 1698 sixty families of them, the first to come to 
Pennsylvania, settled at Conestoga, with the knowl- 
edge of Markham, the Deputy Governor, and the 
consent of the Conestogas ; the Governor holding the 
Conestogas responsible for the good behavior of the 
Shawanese. From Conestoga they moved up the 
river, and built a town at " Pextaug" (Harrisburg 
now), and in April, 1701, William Penn ratified a 
treaty of friendship with the king of the Conestogas, 
and with the king of the Shawanese inhabiting at the 
liead of the Potomac. 

The Delawares and Shawanese were under the 
dominion of the Iroquois, better known as the "Six 
Nations," who had their council-house at Onondaga 
(now Syracuse, N. Y.). The executive deputy of the 
Grand Council of the Six Nations was Shikellimy 
(father of the celebrated Logan), and although the 
Delawares and Shawanese had their own kings, he 
was their real ruler as the representative of the Six 

• Memorials of tlie Moravian Cliiircli, Tol. i. page 103, by tlio late Rev. 
■\Villiani C. Beicbcl. From wliich we quote largely, than whom there ia 
no better authority upon the history of the aborigines of Peunsylvania. 

Nations. In 1728 he was appointed to reside among 
the Shawanese, and in that year came down and took 
up his residence at an old Muncy town, the site of 
which is about three miles above Lewisburg, in Union 
County, on the west bank of the river, where he was 
visited by Conrad Weiser in March, 1733, and accom- 
panied the latter on his journey to Onondaga. Slii- 
■ kellimy subsequently removed his post to Sliamokin 
(Sunbury now), where he died Dec. 14, 1748, and was 
succeeded by his son, Tachnachdoarus, better known 
as John Shikellimy. 

The Shawanese villages extended as far north on 
the North Branch as where Pittston now stands, and 
as early as 1732 a part of them drifted off to the Ohio 
country, and the Six Nations were asked by Governor 
Gordon to compel them to return. In 1739, Richard 
Penn treats with deputies of the Shawanese, who 
" were scattered far abroad from the Great Island to 
the Allegheny." By the Great Island is here meant 
Duncan's Island, at the mouth of the Juniata. In a 
message from the Six Nations to the Governor, in 
1743, they say they had given the river Juniata " to our 
cousins the Delawares and our brethren the Shawa- 
nese for a hunting-ground, and we ourselves hunt 
there sometimes," and requested the Governor " to 
take the Dutchman [meaning John Harris, who was 
clearing fields at the mouth of the Juniata] by the 
arm and to throw him over the big mountains within 
his own borders." They also desired tiiat he would 
remove by force all those who live on the Juniata. 
In April, 1749, they again complain to Conrad 
Weiser, at Shamokin, that some of the white people 
had settled almost at the head of the Juniata, that 
this country is their only hunting-ground, because 
" further to the north there was nothing but spruce- 
woods, and the ground was covered with palm-brusli ; 
not a single deer could be found or killed there." 



The proprietaries of Pennsylvania always recog- 
nized the Six Nations as the owners of the soil of the 
province, and made tlieir treaties of purchase 
1754. with them. In July, 1754, during the confer- 
ence which resulted in the deed of the 6th of 
that month, which, in the description of the land pur- 
chased, really embraced the greater part of the terri- 
tory of Centre County, Weiser and the Indians had be- 
fore them Lewis Evans' map, which they had all along 
consulted in their debates. They thought, therefore, 
that the waters of the Juniata (which were intended to 
be ijicluded in the purchase) ran a good way northward 
of the mouth of the Kaarondinhah (Penn's Creek). 
Accordingly they agreed upon the course in the deed, 
northwest and by west from a mile above the mouth 
of the creek, as including and conveying all the 
waters of the Juniata. But when they found out 
that the line as run by the compass would include 
the waters of the West Branch, they were very much 
dissatisfied. The massacre by the Indians of all the 
settlers on Penn's Creek, in October, 1755, followed, 
and tlie serious consequences likely to result to Brit- 
ish interests from insisting on the written boundary 
occasioned an application to the proprietaries by the 
government to limit the bounds of the purchase. Ac- 
cordingly a commission was sent over directing a 
treaty to be. held for that purpose, which, after great 
exertions to bring about an accommodation with the 
Delawares and Shawancse, was accomplished at Eas- 
ton on the 23d of October, 1758. By this treaty the 
northern limit of the purchase was defined by stop- 
ping the northwest course from the mouth of Penn's 
Creek at Buffalo Creek, and thence running due west 
to the Allegheny hills, whence the west line deflected 
southerly along the Alleglieny hills to the soutli limit 
of the province. 

At the treaty held at Albany in 1754, above re- 
ferred to, the Six Nations in their council placed 
John Shikellimy in charge of all the lands on the 
North Branch and those north of the West Branch, 
and on the 24th of December, 1754, he in person com- 
plains to Governor Morris of the encroachment of 
the Connecticut people upon the Wyoming lands. 
These encroachments were the result of a purchase 
by John Lydius, of Albany, N. Y., by deed of 11th 
of July, 1754, on behalf of the " Susquehanna Land 
Company," from some of the chiefs of the Six Na- 
tions, of tiiat portion of our State supposed and 
claimed to be within the charter bounds of the colony 
of Connecticut. The southern limit of their claim 
ran through Centre County a few miles north of Belle- 
fonte, and included nearly the one-half of the present 
territory of Centre and all of that of Clinton County. 

In 1754, Tanacharis, a Seneca chief, otherwise 
called Half-King, as representative of the Six Nations, 
.had charge of the lands south of the West Branch, 
with his post at Aughwick, on the present site of 
Shirleysburg, in Huntingdon County. He died 
shortly after Conrad Weiser's council with the In- 

dians there in September, 1754, and was succeeded 
by Scarrooyady, an Oneida chief. 

The Indians, true to their compact, withdrew grad- 
ually north of the limits of the purchase, 1754, and 
John Shikellimy speaks of the numbers coming to 
the West Branch and its tributaries, and complains 
as early as June, 1755, of the encroachments of white 
settlers north of the limits, which indicates early in- 
road of settlers into the southerly limits of Centre 
County. The defeat of Gen. Braddock almost com- 
pleted the removal from Aughwick, and on Septem- 
ber, 1755, Scarroyady is at Shamokin with twenty of 
his men, "got this far," and with Shikellimy's three 
sons was organizing a company against the French. 

In October of this year a force of French and In- 
dians computed at about fifteen hundred made their 
appearance near the mouth of the Bald Eagle fron\ 
Fort Duquesne, intent on making the Susquelianna 
the line of the French possessions. It was one of 
the advance parties of this expedition that swept all 
the settlers from Penn's Creek on the 16th of Octo- 
ber. Logan, who was friendly to the English, sent 
word of this invasion, and thereupon posts were 
established at Fort Lytleton, now in Fulton County, 
Fort Shirley, at Aughwick, Fort Granville, at the 
mouth of the Kishacoquillas, now in Mifflin County, 
and one called Pomfret Castle, on tlie present borders 
of Juniata and Snyder Counties, near Richfield. An 
advance body of Indians in the French interest had 
reached George Gabriel's, where Selinsgrove now 
stands, and proposed building a fort at Shamokin, 
where in the following year, although the land was 
not yet purchased of the Indians, at the request of 
the friendly Iroquois, Governor Morris directed Fort 
Augusta to be erected. 

On the West Branch a part of Shawancse and such 
of the Delawares as remained, influenced by Logan, 
John Tachnachdoarus, his father, and Andrew Mon- 
tour, remained true to the English, and offered to col- 
lect their people at Shamokin and make it a post 
against the French. From that post they constantly 
transmitted the Governor such information as they 
received affecting the interests of the province. In 
November they sent word that two messengers had 
come from the Ohio to the Indian town at the Big 
Island (mouth of Bald Eagle), and seeing an Eng- 
lishman that by accident happened to be there they, 
said, " Kill him." " No," said the Indians of the Big 
Island, " we will not kill him or suffer him to be 
killed. We have lived in peace many years with the 
English here; if you are so bloodthirsty go some- 
where else for blood : we will have no blood spilt 
here." The messengers were hostile Delawares. 

Logan and his two brothers, with all friendly to 
the English, were compelled to retire up the North 
Branch to Wyoming in the fall of 1755, and 
the whole West Branch country as far down 1755, 
as Sunbury was under the full control of the 
French and their Indian allies, the Delawares, and as 


far up the North Branch as Nescopeck there were no 1 
friendly Indians, except Paxinos, a Shawanese chief, 
who resided on the west of this river, a few miles from 

The scouts who, on the 3d of June, 1756, precetled 
Col. William Clapham's regiment (ordered to build 

Fort Augusta and occupy the confluence of 
1756. the two rivers), report McKee's house burned, 

George Gabriel's at the mouth of Penn's Creek, 
where Selinsgrove now stands, destroyed, and Sha- 
mokin uninhabited, the houses being burned to the 
ground. Col. Clapham built the fort in July and Au- 
gust, and the succeeding winter Maj. James Burd was 
in command, having arrived on the 8th of December. 
He represents the winter to liave been exceedingly 
severe, the West Branch frozen over, and the path up 
it so blocked with snow that the Indians he tried to 
send through to Chinklacamoose (Clearfield) on the 
1st of February, 1757, had to return. On the evening 
of the 7th of April, after dark, he started Capt. Wil- 
liam Patterson, with ten men, up the West Branch 
in search of intelligence. He returned on the 25th 
from Chinklacamoose, having seen no French or In- 
dians on their march ; also that the great path from 
Buchaloon's (on Lake Erie) passed by Chinklacamoose, 
and forked on the south side of the river forty miles 
this side of that place, one path taking to Fort Au- 
gusta, the other to Cumberland County ; that the 
houses at Chinklacamoose were all burned, and that 
no Indians had apparently lived there for a long time ; 
that he and his party lived on walnuts three days, 
they could find no game to kill, and had returned 
down the river upon rafts. 

The next light that gleams upon the topography of 
our region is from the journals of the heralds of the 

cross. In the summer of 1758, C. Frederick 
1758, Post undertook a perilous mission on behalf of 

the proprietary government to the Delawares 
of Ohio. He took the path along the east or left bank 
of the West Branch, and crossed the river at the Great 
Island on the 29th of July. Here he says, "My com- 
panions were very fearful, and we slept away from the 
road without a fire, but we could not sleep for bugs or 
mosquitoes." On the next day he forded Beech Creek 
on the left bank of it, came to the forks of the path ; 
one branch led southwest along the Bald Eagle, past 
the nest to Frankstown (near Hollidaysburg), the other 
due west to Chinklacamoose. Post took the latter; it 
led over the Moshannon, which he crossed on the 1st of 
August. Next day he arrived at the village of Chink- 
lacamoose, in "the Clearfields." Here he saw three 
hoops on a bush, to one there remained long white 
hair. On his return on the 18th of September he came 
to Great Island, " where we had nothing to live on, and 
had to lie by to hunt." Here he met twenty warriors 
returning from the inhabitants, with five prisoners 
and one scalp ; six of his warriors were Delawares, 
the rest Mingoes (i.e., Iroquois). 

As indicated bv Post's Journal, the paths through 
( ' " 

Centre and Clinton Counties were really only war- 
paths for incursions of the hostile Delawares and 
Shawanese in 1758, and this condition of things re- 
mained so for some years. In June, 17G.'?, .lohn 
Shikellimy, Nutinuis, and a few other friendly In- 
dians occupied the Great Island, but the great con- 
spiracy of Pontiac, which carried desolation around 
the whole frontier, drove them all to Fort Aiigusia. 
On the 25th of August, Capts. Patterson and Bedford 
arrived at Fort Augusta with one hundred and four- 
teen men on their way up the West Branch to destroy 
the Indian towns, but on the Muncy Hill they fell in 
with a strong party of Indians, and had a severe en- 
gagement, and after the loss of some men they fell 
back upon Fort Augusta. On the llth of September, 
Col. John Armstrong, who reached the Great Island 
from Cumberland County with a large party of vol- 
unteers, burned two hundred acres of corn, and de- 
stroyed, as the account has it, a prodigious number of 
Indian houses along the river down as far as where 
Lewisburg now stands, whence he turned off to go 
the nearest way to Carlisle. In the following year 
— Nov. 14, 1764, — on the banks of the Muskingum, 
Col. Bouquet compelled the Indians to give up their 
white prisoners and sue for peace, ending all the 
troubles with the Delawares and Shawanese until the 
drums of the Revolution began to echo along the 
shores of the West Branch, 



Of the chief named Bald Eagle, I have been able 
to ascertain nothing reliable except the manner and 
date of his death. The adventures of Capt. Samuel 
Brady, as related by Peter Grove, published in Jfr. 
Meginness' " West Branch Valley," were conjured by 
•the active brain of R. B. McCabe, and nothing relia- 
bly historical can be gleaned from them except the 
names of Peter Vincent, Capt. Forster, and the other 
scouts. The Indians JlcCabe named himself. And, 
as remarked by Isaac Craig, it is a great pity JlcCabe, 
in his " Kiskiminetas Papers" (Hazard, Pennsy/cania 
Register, vol. ix. 184), connected so much fiction with 

In No. VII. Hazard, 308, McCabe states that Bald 
Eagle (from whom the creek and ridges in Centre 
County were called, and the " Bald Eagle's Nest" from 
his camp) was of the party with Cornplanter who 
killed James Brady. (James Brady was killed above 
the Loyalsock, Aug. 8, 1778, and his death was 
avenged by the death of Bald Eagle, at the hands of 
Capt. Sam Brady, some years after on the Allegheny.) 

Withers, in his " Border Warfare," page 105, gives 
the correct account of the death of " Bald Eagle,"' 
deriving it from affidavits made at the time and loaned 


him by Maj. Isaac Craig. The date, according to in- 
formation given by Isaac Craig (letter March 13, 
1882, Allegheny, Pa.), "as in the autumn of 1773. 

Withers says, In one of Bald Eagle's visits to the 
Monongahcla he was murdered by Jacob Scott, Wil- 
liam Hacker, and Elijah Runner, at Hacker's, on the 
Jlouongahela, and his body placed in the stern of his 
canoe with a piece of johnny-cake in his mouth. 
The canoe floated down the river to the Province 
]dace, below Georges Creek (now New Geneva, Fay- 
ette Co.), where Mrs. Province, observing that 
something was wrong, had it brought to shore, and 
the friendly old chief was buried on the Province 
farm. (Craig's letter, .si/;^™.) Bald Eagle was a Del- 
aware chief, and spoke the Englisli language well. 
His death inflamed his tribe with ungovernable rage, 
and is said to have caused tlie war upon the Kenhawa, 
followed by Dunmore's expedition in 1774. 

Logan, who has left the impress of his name on 
many localities in this and other counties, was a son 
of Shikellimy, wlio was the governing chief of the 
Delawares and Sbawanese, set over tliem by the 
Six Nations about the year 1728. Sliikelliniy lived 
at Muncy old town, about three miles above Lewis- 
burg, on the river, where Conrad Weiser visited him 
in 1737. He had his post at Sliamokin (Sunbury 
now), and died there Dec. 17, 1748. 

His son Logan he named for James Logan, William 
Penn's secretary for the province. Logan was a resi- 
dent of Kishacoquillas valley as early as 1766, wlien 
the surveyors came into that valley, and the names of 
the localities he frequented and paths and streams in 
Centre County were well known and attached by the 
surveyors of 1769, — Logan's Camp (Blue Spring, the 
farm of J. D. Shugert), Logan's Gap (that through 
Nittany Mountain at Hecla), Logan's Branch (empty- 
ing into Spring Creek at Bellefonte). 

The late Edward Bell, Esq. (Jones' "Juniata Val- 
ley," ]iage 116), says he left Kishacoquillas valley in 
1771, which corresponds pretty well with Heckewel- 
der's statement that he was introduced to him as 
Bhikellimy's son in 1772, at the mouth of the Big 
Beaver, when Logan told him he meant to settle on 
the Ohio below Big Beaver. It also is consistent with 
the anecdote related by Mrs. John Norris: When my 
sister, afterwanls Mrs. James Potter (iTudge Potter), 
was just beginning to learn to walk (Mary Potter, 
ilaugliter of Judge William Brown, of Reedsvi lie, born 
June 15, 1770), my mother happened to express a rc- 
g ct that she could not get a pair of shoes to give 
jnore firmness to her little step. Logan stood by but 
said nothing. He soon alter asked Mrs. Brown to 
let the little girl go up and spend the day at his cabin. 
The cautious heart of the mother was alarmed at the 
proposition, but she knew the delicacy of an Indian's 
feelings, and she knew Logan too, and with secret re- 
luctance, but apparent cheeriulncss, she complied with 
liis request. The hours of the day wore very slowly 
a vay and it was nearly night and her little one had not 

returned. But just as the sun was going down the 
trusty chief was seen coming down the path with his 
charge, and in a moment more the little one was 
trotted into her mother's arms, proudly exhibiting a 
beautiful pair of moccasins on her little feet, the pro- 
duct of's skill. 

Judge Brown said Logan soon after went to the 
Allegheny, and I saw Jiim no more. Heckewelder 
says, I called at Logan settlement in April, 1773, and 
was received with great civility. In May, 1774, his 
family was murdered by some marauding whites, led 
by a man named Daniel Greathouse, and he himself 
came to an untimely end. Heckewelder says he be- 
came addicted to drinking, and was murdered be- 
tween Detroit and his own home at Miami. He was 
at the time sitting with liis blanket over his head, 
before a camp-fire, his elbows resting on his knees, 
when an Indian who had taken some offense stole 
behind him and buried liis tomahawk in his brains. 
In October, 1781, while a prisoner on my way to De- 
troit, I was shown the spot where this is said to have 

Loudon, in his Collections, says Logan could speak 
tolerable English, was a remarkably tall man, over 
six feet high, and well proportioned, of brave, open, 
and manly countenance, as straight as an arrow, and 
apparently afraid of no one. Some one, quoted by 
Mr. Jones, page 114, " Juniata Valley," in describing 
him to Mr. Maguire, says he saw Logan at Standing 
Stone (Huntingdon), and that he was a fine-looking, 
muscular fellow, weighing about two hundred pounds, 
had a full chest, and prominent and expansive fea- 
tures. His complexion was not so dark as that of 
the Juniata Indians, and liis whole action showed liis 
intercourse with the whites. 



The most traveled path was that from tlie Great 
Island on the northwest side of Muncy Mountain, 
.•^nd alongside of Bald Eagle Creek, near and on the 
site in most placesof the present road, crossing Bullet's 
Run where the road crosses. At Milesburg it parted, 
one path going southerly through the Gap to near 
Bufl'alo Run, then running southwest along the base 
of the mountain, passed through the George Gabriel 
tract, now Mrs. John B. Linn's, by the " Bufl^alo Lick," 
where it is still distinctly visible, the woods being in 
their pristine condition ; thence it enters James Re- 
side's tract, about forty perches southwest of the lane, 
and then passing by Eckley, at the Gap, it skirted the 
valley surveys (the path from the end of Nittany 
Mountain entering it at Kephart's) ; thence it passed 
through Matternville, and so on southwestwardly to 



Fraukstown. It is called in applications " the Indian 
or traders' jiath through the long limestone valley 
(Vom Bald Eagle's Nest to Frankstown," and is laid 
down upon Scull's map of April 4, 1770. 

Another path diverged from the warriors' path 
through the Gap at Mill Hall, and passing up Fish- 
ing Creek, crossed Nittany at Hcela by Logan's 
Gap to the head of Pcnn's Creek, whence it ran west- 
ward through the " Manor" and by the end of Nit- 
tany Mountain. 

Another well-defined path ran frojn the main path 
near Oak Hall northwesterly by Dale's mill, and 
along tlie present road between Benner and Patton 
townships, crossing Muncy Mountain at Kephart's 

Another, leaving the Nest, passing through the gap 
made by Spring Creek, followed the run on the James 
Armor's place, crossed the turnpike a few rods north 
of Sheriff Waddle's present residence, passing on to 
McBride's Gap. 

The path from the mouth of Beech Creek due west 
to Chinklacamoose, ' leading over the Moshannon, 
has been alluded to in Post's Journal, and was the one 
Inllowed by the Moravian Indians in 1772. 

George McCormick, in an old deposition, speaks of 
tlie path coming from Bald Eagle to his house (Spring 
Mills) ; here one fork, called Logan path, took off to 
KishacoquiUas {Mifflin County), the other, passing 
my place, went to Buffalo valley. 

Territorial Description.— The first purchase by 
the proprietaries of lands from the Indians which 
embraced any of the territory of Centre County was 
that of July 6, 1754. The northern line of this pur- 
chase, according to the deed, was to run from a point 
on the river one mile above the mouth of Penn's 
Creek, thence northwest by west as far as the prov- 
ince of Pennsylvania extended, to its western lines 
or boundaries. It is evident from the deed itself, 
independent of the subsequent assertions of the In- 
dians, that they only meant to include the head- 
waters of the Juniata; that the point to which this 
course would take the line was greatly mistaken, 
for the line would not strike the ivestera boundary of 
the province, but would cross the West Branch near 
the mouth of the Sinnemahoning Creek, and inter- 
sect the northern boundary a little west of Cone- 
wango Creek, in (now) Warren County. 

By the written terms of this purchase, the lands 
Avhere the Shawanese resided and the hunting-grounds 
of the Delawares were included. These Indians told 
Conrad Weiser at Aughwick, in September, 1754, that 
they did not understand the points of the compass, and 
if the line was so run as to include the West Branch 
of the Susquehanna they would never agree to it. The 
history of this eventful period is written in the blood of 

1 Chinllttcamoose, cormptcd from Achtscliingicliiinme, signifying " (' 
nlmoH Joins," in alluiiiun to the Horscslioe Bend in th*> stvi'am, whose 
cxtreniitii-B nlniost unite. The viUngo stood on the site of Clearfield 
town.— Jicic/icI, 2rantiactioiti of the Moraviun HUt. Soc, page 19. 

the whites who settled along Penn's Creek, who were 
murdered in October, 175.'5; and, as is well stated by 
JudgeCliarlcsSmitli, in a valuable notcon land titles,^ 
many of the Indian tribes, seeing their lands gone, 
joined the French, and in the following year fatally 
evinced their resentment at Braddock's Field. The 
settlers were driven into the interior, their improve- 
ments were laid waste, and desolation marked the 
path of the warriors. 

A satisfactory arrangement of this dispute was 
made in the treaty executed at Easton on the 23(1 of 
October, 1758, confining the northern bounds of the 
purchase to a west line from Buffalo Creek, in Union 
County now, to the east side of the Allegheny hills. 
Cumberland County had been erected Jan. 27, 1750, 
its jurisdiction extending over all lands lying west- 
ward of the Susquehanna River, and northward and 
westward of York County; accordingly, from 1758 to 
1771 all that part of Centre County, as now consti- 
tuted, south of a west line crossing Nittany Jlountain 
north of Rebersburg, and passing through Milesburg 
at the mouth of Spring Creek, and running to the 
east corner of Rush townsliij), and thence southwest- 
wardly, including Huston, Worth, and Taylor town- 
ships, was in Cumberland County, — that is to say, 
all of Penn's valley and the western end of Nittany 
valley, — and therefore during that period surveys were 
made by the deputy surveyor of Cumberland County 
and returned for that county. 

Th« act of March 9, 1771 (1 Smith's Laws, .3.30), 
erecting Bedford County out of part of Cumberland, 
bounded Bedford County northeasterly by a line run- 
ning I'rom the mouth of Shaver's Creek (at Peters- 
burg, Huntingdon Co.) nortln?ast to the line of Berks 
County. This line crossed Tiissey's Mountain at 
Pine Grove, and running near where Boalsburg now 
is. followed Nittany Mountain to the northern limit 
of the purchase-line of 1758, north of Hublersburg. 
Consequently, Ferguson, part of Harris, the whole of 
Benner and Spring, part of Walker, and all the town- 
ships westward of this line- were in Bedford County 
(the remainder east of that line being in Cumberlantl I 
until the erection of Northumberland County out of 
parts of Bedford, Berks, Cumberland, etc., on the 21st 
ofMarch, 1772(1 Smith's Laws, page 367). The south- 
ern line of Northumberland as thus erected, run- 
ning from Mateer's Spring, at the head of Mahan- 
tango Creek, in West Perry township, Snyder County, 
west by north to the top of Tussey's Mountain (in 
Harris township), thence southwesterly along thj 
summit of that mountain to the Little Juniata, 
brought all of the Centre County territory within 
the jurisdiction of Northumberland except the small 
portion of Harris township covered by the Bear 
Meadows and Seven Mountains, which remained in 
Cumberland County. 

An act passed the same day, defining the bounda- 

2 Laws of rennsjivaula, vol. ii. p. 120 (1810). 


ries of Bedford County, being contradictory and in- 
consistent with tlie above boundaries, on the 30th of 
September, 1779 (Smith's Laws, vol. i. page 473), 
an act was passed designating the boundary of Bed- 
ford County, which brought the northern line thereof 
up to a point three miles northeast from the extreme 
southern point, whence it ran " along the ridge divid- 
ing the waters falling into the Bald Eagle Creek from 
the waters of the Little Juniata" (from a point on 
Tussey's Mountain, ^bove mentioned, north 42J 
degrees west to the present corner of Half-Moon and 
Patton), to the Chestnut Kidge boundary between 
present Ferguson and Half-Moon and Patton, thence 
along the Chestnut Ridge to tlie head of the southwest 
branch of Bald Eagle Creek, from thence a straight 
line to the head of Moshannon Creek, thus bringing 
the larger portion of the present township of Ferguson, 
the southern portion of Half-Moon, and portions of 
Taylor and the lower end of Eush within Bedford 

The next change of county jurisdiction over part 
of our territory was made by the act of the 25th of 
September, 1787 (2 Smitli's Laws, p. 418), erecting 
Huntingdon County. This made Moshannon Creek 
the division line between Northumberland County 
and .Huntingdon, and, following the former boun- 
daries from the head of that creek, placed those parts 
of Ferguson and Half-Moon townships above de- 
scribed in Huntingdon County. 

On the li)tli of September, 1780 (2 Smith's Laws, 
page 493), the county of Mifflin was erected out of 
Cumberland and Northumberland. The division 
. line provided in the act followed the line of Hun- 
tingdon to the summit of Tussey's Mountain ; tlien'ce 
by that of Huntingdon and Northumberland to the 
head of the Moshannon (leaving the parts above 
stated of Ferguson and Half-Moon, etc., in Hunting- 
don County) ; thence down the Moshannon, and 
down the river, so as to include the whole of Upper 
Bald Eagle township, to the mouth of Beech Creek; 
thence to Logan's Gap in Nitt;iuy Mountain (now 
called Hecla Gap) ; thence to the head of Penn's 
Creek ; thence down the said creek to Sinking Creek, 
leaving George McCormick (now Spring Mills) in 
Northumberland County ; thence to the top of Jack's 
Mountain, at the line between Northumberland and 

The territory of the following townships and parts 
of townships was therefore in Mifflin County from 
Sept. 19, 1789, to Feb. 13, 1800, when Centre County 
was erected: Liberty, Curtin, Burnside, the western 
portions of Marion, Walker, and Gregg, all that of 
all townships in Centre County westward of them, 
except the parts of Ferguson and Half-Moon, etc., 
before indicated, while no portion of the present ter- 
ritory of Clinton came within the jurisdiction of 
Mifflin County. The eastern portion of the territory 
of Gregg township, all of the territory of Penn, 
Haines, and Miles were in Northumberland County. 

On the 13th of April, 1795 (3 Smith's Laws, page 
220), Lycoming was erected out of Northumberland, 
the south line to run from the Mifflin County line on 
the summit of Nittany Mountain. The effect of 
this was to place a small portion of the present terri- 
tory of Marion, and a large portion of Walker, from 
Hecla Gap eastward, within Lycoming County. 

Streams and Localities.— Bald Eagle was called 
by the Delawares Wapalanewach Schiec-hanne,' — i.e., 
the stream of the Bald Eagle's Nest. Bald Eagle's 
Nest, at the confluence of Spring Creek and Bald 
Eagle, was the residence of a noted Indian chief. On 
Scull's map of 1770 it is designated simply as " the 
Nest." On Lukens' survey of 1769 he marks it with 
a few huts, about forty rods from the junction of the 
streams southwestward, designating it as " BaldEagle's 
Nest or old town." The creek had its name as early 
as 17G6. 

Beech Creek, emptying into Bald Eagle at the pres- 
ent railroad station of that name, was called by the 
Delawares Schauwemfnsch-hanne, that is, Beech 
Stream. It had its translated name as early as 17G8. 
Buffalo Run dates back its name to 1769, derived 
from a buffalo lick on the farm now belonging to 
Mrs. John B. Linn, called in George Gabriel's appli- 
cation of April 1, 1769, " Old Buffalo Lick." 

Dewitt's Run, emptying into the Bald Eagle at 
Unionville, had its name as early as 1773, from Abra- 
ham Dewitt, a settler on the run. 

Elk Creek, in Penn and Miles townships, was so 
named by Samuel Maclay, deputy surveyor under his 
brother William, in 1766. 

Fishing Creek was called in the Delaware language 
Namees-hanne, that is, Fish Stream. 

Marsh Creek was a name applied to it by Charles 
Lukens in 1769. 

Little Moshannon in Delaware, Tankimoos-haune, 
—Little Elk Stream. 

Moshannon (boundary between Centre and Clear- 
field), corrupted from Mooshanne, that is, Elk Stream. 
Mudlick Run, above Julian, had its name from the 
lick on John Mattern's place before the year 1784. 

Muncy Mountain, originally applied to the moun- 
tain commencing at Montgomery Station, in Lycoming 
County, and ending at Tyrone. From Mins-ink, 
where there are Minsies. 

Nippenose, corrupted from Nipeno-wi, signifying 
like the summer, a name indicating a warm and 
genial situation, — Ni-pen, summer. 

Nittany Mountain, applied to the range commen- 
cing at Dale's Mills, in College township, and extend- 
ing down into Buffalo valley. Union County, within 
six miles of the river; so called as early as 1768. 

Penn's Creek, called in the deed of July 6, 1754, 
Eaarondinhah ; in that of 1758, John Penn's Creek. 

1 For tlio Del.iwn 
Hie late Rov. Winii 
actiuus of the Mon 

,ncl their interpret.itii 

; indebted to 

1 C. Reicliers research 
iau llistorical Society 

*B, published la the *' Tr; 


It was called by the settlers about its mouth, between 
175-1-69, and marked on Scull's map of 1759, Big Ma- 
hanoy, corrupted from Mahoni, a lick. It is styled 
Mahanoy in deeds as late as 1772. It has its source 
in the cave four miles northwesterly of Spring Mills, 
and empties into the Susquehanna at Seliusgrove, in 
Snyder County. 

Poe Creek derived its name from Capt. James Poe, 
son-in-law of Gen. James Potter. 

Pine Creek, emptying into the river two miles above 
Jersey Shore, is called in the Indian deed of 1768 
Tiadaghton. The Delaware name was Cuwenhanne, 
Pine Stream, — a stream flowing through pine lands. 
It was the northwestern boundary of the purchase of 
1768. Pine Creek, in Haines, was so named by Sam- 
uel Maclay when he surveyed Haines' land in 1766. 

Sinnemahoning, corrupted from Achsinni-mahoni, 
— Stony Lick. Sinking Creek, in Potter township, had 
its name as early as 1766. Spring Creek, emptying 
into Bald Eagle at Milesburg, w^as so called as early 
as 1769. 

Tussey's Mountain, so called from a family of that 
name, early settlers of Huntingdon County, com- 
mences about two miles west of Potter's Mills, forms 
the southern boundary of Ferguson township, crosses 
the Pennsylvania Railroad east of Spruce Creek, 
where it is tunneled, running southward. The 
mountains, in maps of 1826 called " Seven Moun- 
tains," in earlier maps are shown as continuations of 
Tussey, and were so regarded and spoken of in acts 
of Assembly of an early date respecting the county 

Wallis Run, which enters the Bald Eagle at Snow- 
shoe Intersection, was so called as early as 1769 from 
Samuel Wallis, of Muncy, who owned applications 
at the mouth and along the run. 

Scull's map of April 4, 1770, indicates the position 
of "the Nest," Great Plains (east of the fort). Big 
Spring (now Spring Mills), and the Indian path up 
the Buffalo Run to Frankstown. 



Penn's Valley. — Among the Potter papers I found, 
Oct. 3, 1882, a paper in the hapdwriting of William 

H. Patterson, without date, but, from its refer- 
1764. ence to Chief Justice Tilghman, must have 

been written prior to 1826, which gives the 
then tradition of the first entry of the white man into 
Penn's valley. W. H. Patterson was one of Judge 
Potter's first clerks at Potter's Mills. 

Alluding to a notice which Mr. Chief Justice Tilgh- 
man, as president of the Agricultural Society, takes of 
the valley, and prefacing the remark that a narrative 

of the events which led to the discovery of Penn'* 
valley would bo interesting, he says, "Capt. James 
Potter was a man of strong and penetrating mind, and 
one to whom early habits rendered a life of peril, toil, 
and enterprise familiar. Nature had given him a 
powerful and athletic frame of body, with a mind 
which might well give tone to an herculean frame. As 
an officer of the British Provincial army, engaged in 
the defense of the frontier, he conceived the natural 
idea that, inclosed by the range of mountains which 
on every side met his view on his return from Kittan- 
ning, there must be a fine country. After being or- 
dered to Fort Augusta, his idea of a fine country to be 
discovered again returned to him. Having obtained 
leave of absence, he set off with one attendant in 
the summer of the year 1764. Passing up the West 
Branch, he reached the mouth of Bald Eagle Creek, a 
distance of seventy-five miles. Then passing up Bald 
Eagle Creek to the place where Spring Creek enters it, 
a distance of thirty miles, they took to the mountains, 
and, having reached the top of Nittany Mountain, 
Capt. Potter, seeing the prairies and noble forest be- 
neath him, cried out to his attendant, ' By heavens, 
Thompson, I have discovered an empire !' Imme- 
diately descending into the plain they came to a 
spring, at a place which was in after-days of some 
distinction, now known by the appellation of ' Old 
Fort,' owned by Capt. Potter's grandson. 

" Here the adventurers found themselves out of pro- 
visions, and for two days and as many nights the flesh 
scraped from a dried beaver's skin was their only sub- 
sistence. With starvation staring them in the face, 
Capt. Potter determined on striking through the 
mountains for Fort Augusta, and by good fortune 
happened on a creek, to which they gave the name of 
John Penn's Creek, little dreaming it was the same 
creek which entered the Susquehanna at the Isle of 
Que, known as Penn's Creek. Pursuing the stream, 
they arrived where provisions could be had, and 
finally reached Fort Augusta. Capt. Potter and his 
companion communicated their discovery, and it so 
happened that an Indian, Job Chillow.ay, was at the 
fort on their arrival. Learning that they had been 
in the valley, and determining that if it must be lost 
to the Indians he at least would profit by their loss, 
he goes to Col. Hunter and sells to him the right of 
discovery. Col. Hunter makes speed to Philadelphia 
and sells his right to Reuben Haines. In the mean 
time Capt. Potter hurries to Philadelphia to make 
application and procure warrants." 

On this we remark that it is true that Capt. Potter 
was on the 2d of October, 1764, in command of three 
companies on the northern frontiers (Pa. Archives, 
2d series, vol. ii. p. 61-5), and possibly Thompson 
the Thomas Thompson alluded to in Fithian's Jour- 
nal, page 17, post. But we are satisfied the discovery 
was in 1759, just after the purch.ise of 1758, when 
Potter W.1S at Bedford (Ibid., p. 558), and had been 
just promoted captaiu of William Thompson's com- 


pany (Capt. Thompson having resigned), and that 
Capt. Thompson was his companion. The tradition 
is that Haines and Potter compromised, Haines taking 
the eastern end of Penn's valley up to Spring Mills, 
and Potter from there up. Certain it is that one of 
Potter's first warrants, of Aug. 1, 1766, was laid on 
the farm late Gen. George Buchanan's, just south of 
Penn Hall. 

That the discovery was made in 1759, or at least 
before 1764, is decided by the fact that the warrant of 
reservation of the manor of Nottingham, west of the 
fort, is dated Dec. 16, 1763, and is accurately de- 
scribed as near the Indian path from the head of 
Penn's Creek to old Frankstown. 

Surveys of 1766. — All of Penn's valley was within 
the purchase line of 1758, but it was not until after 
Col. Henry Bouquet had dictated his own terms of 
peace to the subdued Delawares and Shawanese, on 
the banks of the Muskingum, on the 14th of Novem- 
ber, 1764, and Lieutenant-Governor John Penn's 
proclamation thereof, Dec. 5, 1764, that settlements 
and improvements were resumed west of the Susque- 

On the 5th of August, 1765, the land-office was 
opened for settled lands only on the west side of the 
river, and on the 5th of August, 1766, it was opened 
for lands on the west side, on the same terms as for 
those on the east side. No more than three hundred 
acres could be applied for by any one without a 
special order, but this restriction was evaded by ap- 
plications in the names of friends or employees, who 
by deed-poll subsequently conveyed their right to 
the person paying the purchase-money. Baynton, 
Wharton, and Morris, for instance, used the names of 
their sailors, stevedores, and clerks. 

Their instructions required the deputy surveyors to 
survey for the use of the honorable the proprietaries 
one-tenth of all the land surveyed, or five hundred 
out of every five thousand acres. These proprietary 
lands were selected and surveyed first. Accordingly 
the first legal survey in Penn's valley was the " Manor 
of Succoth," made under the direction of William 
Maclay," deputy surveyor, on the 22d day of Septem- 
ber, 1766, described as on the head of Penn's Creek, 
above the great spring and northwest thereof. 

Manor of Succoth.— This survey calls for an elm 
which stood N. 37° W. 60 perches from the mouth of 
Sinking Creek (branch of Penn's) ; thence N. 70 E. 
97 perches to W. O. ; thence N. 53 E. 3G9 perches to 
a B. 0.; thence S. 59J W. 672 perches to a poplar; 
thence S. 48 E. 230 perches to a W. O. ; thence N. 63 
E. 168 perches to a walnut ; thence S. 37° E. 92 perches 
ta a W. O. ; thence N. 63 E. 115 perches to the elm ; 
and contained eight hundred and twenty acres and 
allowance. The Penns (of whom John lived until 
Feb. 9, 1795, when he died at the country-seat of 

1 Mnclay, flisl protlioiiolnry of Northumbcrlaud County, in 
1772, iiud United States senator, ITSO-Ul. 

Andrew Allen, in Berks County) held the manor until 
in January, 1791, when they had it divided into three 
purparts. No. 1, the western purpart, they sold to 
George Riddles (Gen. Potter's son-in-law) and George 
Woods. It contained two hundred and nine acres et 
al. No. 2, adjoining No. 1, they sold May 18, 1791, 
to John Harper. No. 3 was sold by the Penns to 
Archibald Allison, and embraces the property still 
owned by his descendants. 

Manor of Nottingham. — This was surveyed under 
Mr. Maclay's directions, Sept. 23 and 24, 1766, for the 
proprietaries. He began at a white-oak which stook 
on the west line of what is now Samuel Vantries' farm, 
1881 (near the Potter and Harris township line), and 
ran south 41 east 254} perches to a white-oak (along 
Vantries and Gingrich farms) ; thence north 49 east 851 
perches to a white-oak (about 200 perches easterly of 
old Fort Hotel, 1881) ; thence north 41 west 168; thence 
south 551 west 867 perches back to the beginning. 
This manor contained 1035 acres, and was held by the 
Penns until 1794, when they divided it into three 
parts, marked a white-oak for northwest corner and 
odd purpart: No. 1, on the west (next Vantries and 
Gingrich's), June 24, 1794, to Jacob Straub, 340 acres 
64 perches; No. 2, Feb. 7, 1794, to Michael, Jack, and 
William Young, 344 acres 148 perches; and No. 3 
(next to OBenkirk's, 1881), April 16, 1794, to Ger- 
ardus Wyncoop. In 1794 the Sunbury road to 
Huntingdon ran along the southern boundary of the 
manor. The manor in 1766 is described as being 
" near the Indian path leading from the head of Penn's 
Creek to Frankstown." This manor is wholly within 
Potter township, commencing near the school-house 
west of the Fort Hotel, bounded on the south by the 
public road to Boalsburg, and embraces Dr. W. I. 
Wilson's second farm, Maj. William F. Reynolds, and 
all the farms thence up to and including George 
Boal's, Leonard Rhone's, and E. Keller's. The south- 
west white-oak is still standing. 

The last survey made under the purchase of 1754, 
confirmed in 1758, was the " Matthew Troy," surveyed 
Sept. 28, 1768, by Samuel Maclay, patented March 
9, 1793, to Henry Falls and Fergus Potter, embracing 
now the Joshua Potter farm. Leech's, etc., and Harris 

There is a rude map annexed to the Indian deed of 
Oct. 23, 1758, intended to represent the waters in the 
line from Buffalo Creek (Union County) to the Alle- 
gheny Mountains, which line is represented as pass- 
ing very near the junction of Spring Creek with Bald 
Eagle. According to Charles Smith, Esq. (Smith's 
Laws, vol. ii. p. 122), the true line, relying on the 
correctness of Howell's map, would pass Bellefonte 
at the mouth of Logan's Branch of Spring Creek. 
So careful, however, were the proprietors at this 
period of offending the Indians by making surveys 
beyond the line, that the most positive instructions 
were given the deputy surveyors on this head, and as 
the line was not run, nor its exact position known, 

Original Survey of Lands along Bald Eagle Creek, 

— BY — 
In 1769. 


pany (Capt. Thompson having resigned), and that 
Capt. Thompson was his companion. The tradition 
is that Haines and Potter compromised, Haines taking 
the eastern end of Penn's valley up to Spring Mills, 
and Potter from there up. Certain it is that one of 
Potter's first warrants, of Aug. 1, 1766, was laid on 
the farm late Gen. George Buchanan's, just south of 
Penn Hall. 

That the discovery was made in 1759, or at least 
before 1764, is decided by the fact that the warrant of 
reservation of the manor of Nottingham, west of the 
fort, is dated Dec. 16, 1763, and is accurately de- 
scribed as near the Indian path from the head of 
Penn's Creek to old Frankstown. 

Surveys of 1766. — All of Penn's valley was within 
the purchase line of 1758, but it was not until after 
Col. Henry Bouquet had dictated his own terms of 
peace to the subdued Delawares and Shawanese, on 
the banks of the Muskingum, on the 14th of Novem- 
ber, 1764, and Lieutenant-Governor John Penn's 
proclamation thereof, Dec. 5, 1764, that settlements 
and improvements were resumed west of the Susque- 

On the 5th of August, 1765, the land-office was 
opened for settled lands only on the west side of the 
river, and on the 5th of August, 1766, it was opened 
for lands on the west side, on the same terms as for 
those on the east side. No more than three hundred 
acres could be applied for by any one without a 
special order, but this restriction was evaded by ap- 
plications in the names of friends or employees, who 
by deed-poll subsequently conveyed their right to 
the person paying the purchase-money. Baynton, 
Wharton, and Morris, for instance, used the names of 
their sailors, stevedores, and clerks. 

Their instructions required the deputy surveyors to 
survey for the use of the honorable the proprietaries 
one-tenth of all the land surveyed, or five hundred 
out of every five thousand acres. These proprietary 
lands were selected and surveyed first. Accordingly 
the first legal survey in Penn's valley was the " Manor 
of Succoth," made under the direction of William 
Maclay," deputy surveyor, on the 22d day of Septem- 
ber, 1766, described as on the head of Penn's Creek, 
above the great spring and northwest thereof. 

Manor of Succoth.— This survey calls for an elm 
which stood N. 37° W. 50 perches from the mouth of 
Sinking Creek (branch of Penn's) ; thence N. 70 E. 
97 perches to W. O. ; thence N. 53 E. 369 perches to 
a B. 0.; thence S. 59J W. 672 perches to a poplar; 
thence S. 48 E. 230 perches to a W. 0. ; thence N. 63 
E. 168 perches to a walnut ; thence S. 37° E. 92 perches 
tD a W. O. ; thence N. 53 E. 115 perches to the elm ; 
and contained eight hundred and twenty acres and 
allowance. The Penns (of whom John lived until 
Feb. 9, 1795, when he died at the country-seat of 

1 William Maclay, flist piotlioiiolaiy of Northumberlnnd Couuty, in 
1772, uud United Statea senator, 17S9-UI. 

Andrew Allen, in Berks County) held the manor until 
in January, 1791, when they had it divided into three 
purparts. No. 1, the western purpart, they sold to 
George Riddles (Gen. Potter's son-in-law) and George 
Woods. It contained two hundred and nine acres et 
al. No. 2, adjoining No. 1, they sold Jlay 18, 1791, 
to John Harper. No. 3 was sold by the Penns to 
Archibald Allison, and embraces the property still 
owned by his descendants. 

Manor of Nottingham. — This was surveyed under 
Mr. Maclay's directions, Sept. 23 and 24, 1766, for the 
proprietaries. He began at a white-oak which stook 
on the west line of what is now Samuel Vantries' farm, 
1881 (near the Potter and Harris township line), and 
ran south 41 east 2545- perches to a white-oak (along 
Vantries and Gingrich farms) ; thence north 49 east 851 
perches to a white-oak (about 200 perches easterly of 
oldFortHotel, 1881) ; thence north 41 westloS; thence 
south 552 west 857 perches back to the beginning. 
This manor contained 1035 acres, and was held by the 
Penns until 1794, when they divided it into three 
parts, marked a white-oak for northwest corner and 
odd purpart: No. 1, on the west (ne.xt Vantries and 
Gingrich's), June 24, 1794, to Jacob Straub, 340 acres 
64 perches ; No. 2, Feb. 7, 1794, to Michael, Jack, and 
William Young, 344 acres 148 perches; and No. 3 
(ne.xt to OBenkirk's, 1881), April 16, 1794, to Ger- 
ardus Wyncoop. In 1794 the Sunbury road to 
Huntingdon ran along the southern boundary of the 
manor. The manor in 1766 is described as being 
" near the Indian path leading from the head of Penn's 
Creek to Frankstown." This manor is wholly within 
Potter township, commencing near the school-house 
west of the Fort Hotel, bounded on the south by the 
public road to Boalsburg, and embraces Dr. W. I. 
Wilson's second farm, Maj. Williain F. Reynolds, and 
all the farms thence up to and including George 
Boal's, Leonard Rhone's, and E. Keller's. The south- 
west white-oak is still standing. 

The last survey made under the purchase of 1754, 
confirmed in 1758, was the " Matthew Troy," surveyed 
Sept. 28, 1768, by Samuel Maclay, patented March 
9, 1793, to Henry Falls and Fergus Potter, embracing 
now the Joshua Potter farm, Leech's, etc., and Harris 

There is a rude map annexed to the Indian deed of 
Oct. 23, 1758, intended to represent the waters in the 
line from Buffalo Creek (Union County) to the Alle- 
gheny Mountains, which line is represented as pass- 
ing very near the juixction of Spring Creek with Bald 
Eagle. According to Charles Smith, Esq. (Smith's 
Laws, vol. ii. p. 122), the true line, relying on the 
correctness of Howell's map, would pass Bellefonte 
at the mouth of Logan's Branch of Spring Creek. 
So careful, however, were the proprietors at this 
period of offending the Indians by making surveys 
beyond the line, that the most positive instructions 
were given the deputy surveyors on this head, and as 
the line was not run, nor its exact position known, 

s P 


Original Survey of Lands along Bald Eagle Creek, 


the end of Nittany appears to have been assumed as 
a station, and a west line from thence presumed to 
be the purcliase line. The error was on the safest 
side, although it is now known the end of Nittany 
is several miles within the deed of confirmation and 
surrender. In many instances applications, where it 
was probable they called for lands near the line, were 
retained in the oifice and indorsed, " quaere, if in the 

In a suit between Abraham McKinney and Jacob 
Houser, in the Circuit Court of Mifflin County, Hon. 
William Maclay's deposition was taken. May 1, 1800, 
at Harrisburg. He states the Michael Troy order, 
No. 2000, was executed by my brother, Samuel Ma- 
clay, under my directions, about the 28th of Septem- 
ber, 1768, and was upon what I considered as the line 
of the old purchase. I was employed by the pro- 
prietaries to pay 810,000, the price of the purchase 
made about that time, to Sir William Johnson, who 
acted as agent for the Six Nations. The Hues of the 
former purchase never were exactly run. A doubt 
had been entertained for some time. But the only 
object attended to, with respect to the line, was to 
avoid giving any offense to the Indians. They ap- 
peared content with that boundarj', and the making 
of this new purchase (1768) extinguished all conver- 
sation upon the subject. At the time that Troy's 
survey was made I considered the end of Nittany 
Mountain as a landmark in that line, and that the 
line should proceed west from it." 

Surveys of 1769. — The officers' surveys within the 

limits of Centre County are as follows :' Southwest 

corner of Lieut. Thomas Wiggins, which em- 

1769. braced the mouth of Beech Creek, next west 

of wliich was the " Capt. William Piper." 

Capt. William Piper's tract, 553 acres, was patented 
May 26, 1774, to John P. de Haas, and whicli the lat- 
ter named " Henrietta." Capt. William Piper lived 
during the Revolution near Watsontown, Pa. His 
only daughter married James Irvin, of Mercersburg, 
Pa. The Piper tract ran up the creek 302 perches, 
where it joined the Capt. Conrad Bucher tract. 

Leaving ihe officers' surveys and going up Beech 
Creek, Lukens or his assistants surveyed the "Grace 
Riche" warrantee Aug. 1, 1769, containing 319 acres, 
patented July 9, 1782. Grace Riche and Capts. Piper 
and Bucher had a common corner, a hickory. The 
original survey shows an island in the creek at the 
southeast corner of Grace Riche. From the hickory 
common corner the survey ran N. 30 W. 120 to a 
W. O. ; thence N. 140 to a locust; thence N. 75° E. 
194 to W. O. ; thence S. 15 E. 218 through the island 
to a W. 0. The town of Beech Creek is upon the 
Grace Riche. North of the Grace Riche, and in- 
cluding Beech Creek, is the Sarah Robinson, 486.49. 
Surveyed Nov. 1, 1769, northwesterly and including 

1 For the commeDcement and description of ofBcera' survey up to the 
Capt. Piper, see general history of Cliutou County. 

Beech Creek, the Jeremiah Sheridan, 328i, returned 
as surveyed by Charles Lukens, Nov. 4, 17C9. East of 
Grace Riche is the John Robinson warrantee. West 
of Riche the Thomas Wilson warrantee warrant, 
April 27, 1793, surveyed Sept. 17, 1794, patented May 
30, 1795. Across the creek from Capt. Piper's loca- 
tion, and south of it, Lukens surveyed the Margaret 
Bradford application, on top of part of which lies the 
William Scott, 308 acres, surveyed June 25, 1787. 
The John Potter and Jeremiah Jackson warrants of 
July 31, 1793, .surveyed Nov. 21, 1793, hitch on to the 
southwest white-oak of Margaret Bradford. 

Resuming the description of the officers' surveys: 
The Capt. Conrad Bucher tract lies on the north side 
of Bald Eagle Creek, and includes the mouth of Beech 
Creek. The survey ran from the Piper 241 perches 
up Bald Eagle, cro.ssing the mouth of Beech Creek, to 
a white-walnut. From the white-walnut its western 
line ran north 40 west, crossing Marsh Creek to a W. 
O. The Bucher contained 570 acres, and was pur- 
chased by Maj. de Haas, who had it patented to him- 
self. May 31, 1774. De Haas' heirs sold to C. Bechtol, 
April 15, 1793. 

West of the Bucher was the Capt. Nicholas Hou- 
saker tract. The proper spelling of the name was 
Haussegger. (I use the names as Lukens spells them 
in his returns.) Haussegger became colonel of the 
German Regiment, Pennsylvania Continental Line, 
but deserted to the British in July, 1778. Commenc- 
ing at the white- walnut, the Housaker ran 206 perches 
up Bald Eagle Creek ; thence north 40 W. 3G6 ; thence 
N. 59 E. 77i to a W. 0. ; thence N. 26 E. 188, cross- 
ing Marsh 'Creek, to a W. O. The Thomas King, a 
survey of Oct. 14, 1771, made by C. Lukens, on Marsh 
Creek, patented to Joseph Ligget, June 1, 1855, ad- 
joins on the north Housaker. The Housaker was 
patented to Thomas Willing, March 17, 1774, who 
sold to Gen. de Haas. The latter's heirs sold to 
George Ligget, Oct. 15, 1795, as containing 553 acres. 
Next west of Housaker is the Capt. Samuel Hunter, 
patented to him March 7, 1774. It ran up the creek 
251 perches; west line N. 40 W. 370, no calls; thence 
N. 59 E. 137, to a chestnut-oak ; N. 31 W. 30 to a B. 
O. ; N. 59 E. to line of Housaker. The Charles Bruce 
and Joseph Roberts warrants of March 16, 1794, re- 
surveyed Nov. 13 an€ 14, 1794, are located immedi- 
ately north of Capt. Hunter, the Charles Bruce attach- 
ing to the B. 0. Samuel Hunter was afterwards the 
celebrated Col. Samuel Hunter, of Sunbury, who wa.s 
lieutenant of Northumberland County during the Rev- 
olution, who lived upon the site of Fort Augusta, at 
Sunbury, and died April 10, 1784, and the land de- 
scended to his daughters, Mary, who married Samuel 
Scott, and Nancy, who married her cousin, Alexander 

West of Capt. Hunter was the Ensign James Fos- 
ter tract, 218 acres, patented May 31, 1774, to Maj. 
J. P. de Haas. It ran up the creek 93 perches, post 
corner; west line, north 40 west 396 to a white-oak. 



West of Foster was the Lieut. John Nice tract, 307 
acres. It ran up the creek 130 perches to a white- 
walnut; thence nortli 40 west 404 to a white-oak; 
north 35 east to a hickory ; north 59 east 85 to a white- 
oak of Foster. It was patented June 7, 1774, to Jacob 
Kern, who sold to Gen. de Haas. Gen. de Haas' 
heirs sold the southern half to John Schenck, May 
28, 1807. 

Next west was the Lieut. Charles Stewart tract, 
running up the creek 128J perches to a hickory from 
the white-walnut. West line, north 40 west 358 from 
hickory. The farms of the Fletchers, in Liberty town- 
ship, are on this tract. 

The next officer tract west is the Ensign Augustus 
Stein tract, patented March 17, 1774, to Jesse Lukens. 
Jesse Lukens sold to Gen. de Haas; It ran up the 
creek 140 perches from the hickory of Stewart to a 
lin of Lieut. Thomas Askey. Gen. de Haas' heirs 
sold this tract to Michael Schenck, May 17, 1796, 
and on it are the farms of E. Schenck's heirs, etc., in 
Howard township. 

The Lieut. Thomas Askey tract was No. 20, and 
the uppermost of the officer survey. It began at the 
lin of Ensign Stein; thence north 40 west 292 per 
ches to a post; thence south 55J west 116 perches to a 
white-oak ; thence south 77 west 144 perches to a white- 
oak still standing north of Howard (on land of Piper's 
heirs or Governor Packer's). From this white-oak the 
course and distance was south 18 east 152 perches to 
a hickory on the bank of Bald Eagle Creek ; thence 
down the creek to the place of beginning. It con- 
tained 288J acres, and was patented March 18, 1774. 
Lieut. Thomas Askey (or Erskine, as he wrote it him- 
self) died seized of this land at his death. Roland 
Cartier got a portion of it. The school-house is in it, 
and D. Schenck's heirs now own a part of it. Nelson 
Askey now (1882) still owns a part of this military 
fief of his ancestor. Lieut. Thomas Erskine was the 
only one of the officers except Lieut. James Hayes 
who complied with one of the original stipulations of 
the grant from the proprietors, which was a settle- 
ment on the land to protect the frontier. 

North of Lieut. Askey the Joseph Taylor warrant 
of June 16, 1794, is located; north of the Taylor the 
William Parker. warrant of Nov. 26, 1793, and north 
of Parker the Joseph Kelso watrant, March 16, 1794, 
and northeast of the Parker the Paul Custer warrant 
of June 16, 1794, — Sarah Custer, Samuel Custer. 
Samuel Custer corners on the Charles Brace chestnut- 
oak of the same batch of warrants, the latter adjoin- 
ing the Capt. Samuel Hauter. 

The officers' surveys all lie north of Bald Eagle 
Creek. South of Bald Eagle Creek, and immediately 
south of the Askey, the creek intervening, Charles 
Lukens surveyed in 1770 the Winston Dallam appli- 
cation of April 3, 1769. The village of Howard is in 
the southwest corner. Gen. de Haas owned it, and his 
heirs sold to Henry Fletcher, May 24, 1800, the east- 
ern portion. The William Austin warrant of March 7, 

1774, was located east of the Dallam, and the Howard 
Iron-Works are erected upon it, and the James Jones, 
a survey of Aug. 12, 1775. East of Jones, attaches 
the Rudolph Fletcher warrant of Oct. 22, 1824, and 
east of the Fletcher the Peter Lyttle, Christopher 
Smith surveys, 19th November, 1793, line the south 
bank of the creek ; south of which lies the Joseph 
Hiester warrant, 31st July, 1793, and east, lining the 
creek, the John Potter warrant of July 31, 1793, and 
the Jeremiah Jackson, of March 31, 1793. 

In November, 1769, Charles Lukens surveyed for 
Samuel Wallis the Joseph Wilson, Sr., tract, locating 
it on the west white-oak and hickory of Lieut. Askey. 
Wallis sold to James Packer, of Uchland township, 
Chester County, grandfather of Governor Packer, 
who sold to Job Packer, of Kenuet, in 1790. This 
land, or the greater portion of it, is still owned by 
Governor Packer's children, John A. Woodward, a 
son-in-law, living on it in 1882. The Joseph Wilson 
was located on both sides of the creek ; and west was 
the John Wilson, surveyed also, November 9th, for 
Samuel Wallis ; on this the elder Gunsaulus located, 
and a heavy suit arose. The George Knight adjoined 
the John Wilson, also a Wallis tract of the applica- 
tions of April 3, 1769, patented to Samuel Wallis, 
Oct. 27, 1783. 

North of the George Knight, John Wilson and 
Joseph Wilson, Sr., attach the Joseph Gresbury, 
Arthur Ford, Stanwick Ford, and John Reed sur- 
veys of October, 1793, on warrants all dated July 1, 
1784; north of the latter the Welch and Norris war- 
rants of March 1, 1830, were located, to which attach 
westerly and northerly the John A. Godfrey, Martha 
Godfrey, et al., warrants of March 16, 1794, known 
as the "Cuitin lands," which John T. Fowler pur- 
chased and operated upon in 1880. 

West of George Knight was the James Morton 
application (3d April, 1769), north of the creek, and 
south of and lining the creek the Michael Knight, 
surveyed in November, 1769, and patented to Wallis, 
at the western end of which is the Mount Eagle post- 
office, or town called Mechanicsville, located probably 
on the William Grossman warrant, 13th May, 1793. 

West of the James Morton, and including the 
mouth of Bullet's Run, in Howard township, Lukens 
surveyed the Thomas Poultney (Order No. 2, 3d 
April, 1769), July 21, 1769. Thomas Poultney sold to 
Jacob Leathers by deed dated May 10, 1793. Leathers' 
dscendants still own this land, or the greater portion 
of it. 

North of Leathers was what was known as Robert 
Richie's land, and on Bullet's Run, both sides, was 
the William Ramsay warrant of July 6, 1784. 

West of the Thomas Poultney was the Thomas 
Smith survey, 19th July, 1769, lying south of the 
creek. South of the Smith, the Mary Blaine warrant 
of July 1, 1784, belonging to Col. Ephraim Blaine. 

West of the Thomas Smith, and lying on both 
sides of the creek, was the Philip Gower tract, sur- 



veyed July 19, 1769. Philip Antes bought it of 
Wallis in 1787, and erected a mill there, and it is the 
present site of Curtin Station, Eagle Works, Roland 
post-ofRce. South of Philip Gover, Richard Miles 
laid a warrant July 26, 1797, south of the creek, 
and between the Mary Blaine and Thomas Smith 
and Ephraim Gover. Moses Boggs and Roland 
Curtin bought it in 1819; the works and village m.ay 
be partly in it. Ephraim Gover was surveyed July 24, 
1769, for Samuel Wallis, west of Philip Gover. On 
this Col. John Holt first settled, his cabin being near 
the run and east line of Gover, while Widow Magee'a 
cabin, a tenant of Wallis, was near the island, at the 
western side of the tract. A lawsuit arose between 
Holt and Wallis, which gave occasion to the deposi- 
tion of Mrs. Boggs, referred to hereafter. The old 
Barnhart homestead is located on the Ephraim 

West of Ephraim Gover, the Charles Worthington 
application was surveyed by Lukens for Samuel 
Wallis, July 18, 1769, de.scribed as one mile below the 
Nest. Wallis sold to Richard Malone, who located 
there as early as 1787. His granddaughter, Mrs. 
James Single, still resides on a portion of the war- 
rant, south of the creek. The Upper Eagle Works 
are also situated on it. 

The next survey west of the Worthington was on the 
Joseph Poultney application. No. 29, of 3d of April, 
1769, surveyed Oct. 28, 17G9, described as on the 
north side of the Bald Eagle, opposite "The Nest," 
near the fording, and including Poultney improve- 
ment. It commenced at a W. O. below the present 
iron bridge, and ran N. 30 W. 112 to a W. O., N. 60 
E. 68 to a small W. O., S. 20 E. 36 to a rock-oak, 
N. 60 E. 174 to a W. O. of Joseph Hopkins; thence 
N. 80 E. 150 to iron-wood of Charles Worthington ; 
then S. 10 E. 160 to a white-w.alnut on the bank of 
the creek, distance up the creek three hundred and 
thirty-five perches. This was the tract upon which 
Andrew Boggs, the first settler, located. Wagner's 
mill and Central City are upon it. It was sold by 
Poultney to and patented by Matthias Slough, Jan. 
19, 1773. His assignee's deed to Col. Samuel Miles 
is dated March 12, 1792. 

Next west of the Joseph Poultney came the Chris- 
topher Spayd. Central City is located on the eastern 
end of the Sp.ayd. Frederick Leathers bought the 
Spayd, May 16, 1791. Then west of the Spayd came 
the " Skepwith Coal," and the " John Worthington" 
west of the Coal, both belonging to Samuel Wallis. 
The southern portion of the Coal ran nearly to Wallis' 
Run, the northern portion running over a mile up the 
run, the Worthington embracing what is now " Snow- 
shoe Intersection," and running nearly two miles 
west of it. 

The Peter Graybill tract, on which Milesburg, south 
of the creek, and the William A. Thomas farm are 
located, and embracing Spring Creek, eighty-six rods 
above its mouth, was surveyed on the 18th of July, 

17C9. The title to Graybill application and survey 
became vested in Matthias Slough, whose assignees 
sold to Col. Samuel Miles, March 17, 1792. The 
Christopher Reigert, next on Spring Creek, em- 
bracing Linn & McCoy's iron-works (1881), is re- 
turned as surveyed July 14, 1769. The Reigert, 
from the draught, appears to have been laid west of the 
creek; and March 14, 1775, some one of Lukens' as- 
sistant surveyors laid the Richard Gr.aham, partly on 
top of the Reigert tract, and embracing both sides ot 
the creek ; and then Capt. William Gray, June 14, 
1775, laid the John Little, partly on top of Richard 
Graham, all which titles, after contest. Col. Miles had 
to buy, or did buy to save trouble. In 1854, when 
H. P. Treziyulny became county surveyor, the land 
down about there not having been taken up often 
enough, he had J. J. Lingle take it up again. 

The Griffith Gibbon, on the southern and western 
portions of which the greater part of the borough of 
Bellefonte stands, was surveyed July 20th. The two 
white-oaks at the northern end stood on opposite 
banks of the creek, nearly northward of the toll-gate 
(1881), and the two western white-oaks stood, one 
north of Spring Creek, from which the line ran N. 
30 E. 86, crossing Spring Creek just at the mouth of 
Logan's Branch, and along the branch to the other 
AV. O. 

The James Sharron and William Sharron, which 
adjoin Grifiith Gibbon on the west, were surveyed at 
the same time, though resurveyed by James Harris, 
"according to the old lines," in December, 1802. 
The James Sharron includes Buffalo Run up to 
Charles Witmer's farm, 1881, and the William Shar- 
ron includes Spring Creek up to Roopsburg. The 
application of James Sharron describes the land as 
lying " on the south side of Bald Eagle Creek, includ- 
ing a large spring at the mouth of the branch that 
comes out of the Nittany hills, and the William Shar- 
ron application of the same day, April 3, 1769, calls 
for land adjoining James Sharron. 

According to a memorandum in Samuel Wallis' hand- 
writing, found among Judge Huston's papers, dated 
Aug. 29, 1783 : " James Sharron lives in Shearman's 
Valley [Perry County now], near Hurley's Gap, and 
he, Sharron, had sold the tracts to William Lamb, 
who lives in Juniata, opposite John Harris, Esq. 
[John Harris, Esq., lived on the site of Mifflin, Ju- 
niata Co. I; that Lamb had sold the two tracts 
to Thomas Gordon, who now lives upon the Bald 
Eagle Creek, with a certain Jonas Davis [Davis 
lived adjoining Richard Malone] ; that Liinib settled 
upon the land previous to his selling to Gordon, and 
lived about two years upon it. There was a dispute 
arose about locations, and July 11, 17S9, Samuel 
Wallis made the following affidavit, which is at- 
tached to a draft of all the lands surveyed in 1769 
along Bald Eagle Creek, from and including the 
Joseph Wilson warrantee, on which the old Packer 
farm is located, near Howard borough, up to the 



mouth of Spring Creek, at Milesburg. This draft 
has 'Bald Eagle Nest or old town' marked on it 
as standing, three huts or cabins, about where Mill 
Street and Market Street in Milesburg intersect. 

"Samuel Wallis, on his solemn affirmation, accord- 
ing to law, did depose and say that in the summer of 
1769 he went up the Bald Eagle Creek, in company 
with Charles Lukens, the then deputy surveyor of that 
district, and among other business attended at mak- 
ing all the different surveys which are connected in 
this general draught; that a great number of people 
attended at the same time in order to get land sur- 
veyed, among whom was a certain Bsnjamin Brown, 
who showed an order in his own name, bearing date 
April 3, 1769, No. 158, and claimed the land which 
is included in Thomas Poultney's survey [this was at 
the mouth of Bullet's Run], alleging that his order 
was close located on that particular place, that 
Poultney's order did not describe it ; he uniformly 
insisted on having his order executed on that place, 
and did not set up a claim in any other place at that 
time ; that the tracts on the lower end of the draught 
in the names of George Knight, John Wilson, and 
Joseph Wilson were all surveyed at the same time, at 
the instance of this affirmant, who was then inter- 
ested in the fight to them, but has since sold and 
conveyed his right, etc." 

Lieut. Robert King, of the Twelfth Pennsyl- 
vania, who moved to Waterford, in Erie County, 
writes to Charles Huston, Esq., March 24, 1800, 
dating his letter at " King's Garden," to be put 
in the post-office at Pittsburgh : "You mention that 
Mr. Thomas Grant is concerned in the sute you are 
to soport ags. Gonsaulus. I should be one of the most 
ungrateful wretches on earth if I did not do every- 
thing that is in ray power to serve Mr. Grant, as I 
know him to be my pirticular friend. All I can rec- 
ollect concerning the business, I wa^ along with 
Messrs. Lukens, I think in the year 1769-1770, and 
perhaps 1771. I well recollect that Mr. Samuel Harris, 
of Loyalsock, attended the surveyors at some of these 
times, and got a number of surveys made for Samuel 
Wallis, dec'd, particularly on the waters of Marsh 
Creek, on the north side of the Bald Eagle. I am 
not certain whether they joined the officers' surveys 
or not, as I did not carry the chain the whole of the 
time. I was hunter for the surveyors, but if I recol- 
lect aright, there is a certain William Gill, who Mr. 
Grant knows, that lives on the waters of Penn's 
Creek, that was along, and employed as a chain- 
carrier. The tract of land, including Marsh Creek on 
north side of Bald Eagle's, and adjoining the officers' 
survey, was surveyed on an application of my own. 
Mr. Wallis had some surveyed above mine on Marsh 
Creek, one particularly in the name of Robert Gorrel, 



"An axo rang shandy amid rliose forost-sliailes, 
Wliiuli from crcHtioii's 'lawn towards tlie skk'S had towered 
In uiisliorii be;iuty; tli.-re with vigorous arm 
Wronglit a bold emigrant." 

The first emigrant to Centre County was Andrew 
Boggs. His settlement was upon the Joseph Poult- 
ney warrantee. Poultney, in his application, 
No. 29, April 3, 1769, describes the land he 1769. 
applies for as on the north side of Bald Eagle 
Creek, near the fording, including his improvement, 
marked on a white-oak " J. P." Poultney's improve- 
ment amounted to nothing more than marking his 
claim, and he sold his right to Matthias Slough, a land 
speculator of Lancaster. 

Andrew Boggs settled upon that part of the Poult- 
ney now owned by John M. Wagoner, and his house 
stood on the creek bank just east of the road where it 
turns northerly, where remains of it are visible. The 
present old log house west of the road is not the 
original Andrew Boggs house. The site is in the 
neighborhood of a hundred rods from the mouth of 
Spring Creek, on the north side of Bald Eagle. 

The deposition of Margery Boggs, widow of An- 
drew Boggs, was liaken Nov. 15, 1806, before William 
Petrikin, E-sq., at the late dwelling-house of Robert 
Boggs, Esq., deceased, in the presence of James 
Harris and John Diinlop, who were present for Wal- 
lis' heirs and John Holt, in an ejectment to April 
term, 1800, in MiiHin County, between Wallis' heirs 
and John Holt. 

Mrs. Boggs states they came the year the office was 
opened : " I believe it was in 1769." She was asked 
whether she ever noticed a tree on this place where 
you now live marked "J. P." She answered, "No, 
I never saw the tree; but Joseph Poultney told me 
that he had drawn this place at the lottery, and that 
he had put his name on a tree, pointing there with 
his finger to where the tree stood, and where there 
was then a hog-pen, but the tree was cut down. He 
told me at the same time if he could be any use to 
me in helping me to the place he would do it." 

She then goes on to state her knowledge of Chris- 
topher Cottenton, who, she says, lived on the same 
tract "where John Holt no>y lives" (1806), but in a 
house above his (towards Milesburg). " I was many 
a time at Cottenton's house; his wife died there, and 
I was there often during her sickness, when she died, 
and when she was buried. I do not know how much 
clear land he had, but myself and two or three neigh- 
bor women went there one day and asked his wife 
where he was ; she said he was down on the bottom 
clearing some land. The bottom lies below where 
John Holt now lives. On the island he had cleared 
land and raised hemp, the largest stock I ever saw, 
and had it snugly put up when we were driven away. 
He was a very industrious man, in good circumstances, 



and liad a parcel of good working boys. He re- 
mained until he was driven away by the Indians; he 
went away before us, but tliey were all gone away 
before us excejit three families. He told my husband 
often he was to buy the land of Wallis. He had 
horses, cows, and oxen, farming utensils. He lived 
on the place three years or more, and, as I heard, died 
on the road. John Kerr lived near Cottenton's. I 
cannot recollect when Cottenton and Kerr came, or 
which was first, but Kerr was gone before Cottenton 
was driven away. None of Cottenton's heirs ever re- 
turned to look after the place. John Kerr had no 
character for sobriety, industry, or anything. I have 
seen him walk arm and arm with the Indians, drunk 
frequently; he was always with the Indians if they 
had any liquor among them. He had neither horse 
nor cow nor anything I recollect of but his wife and 
children; his wife was a smart, active woman. He 
went off, I guess, of his own accord ; there was nobody 
driven off by the Indians for a great while after that. 
Kerr went to the Big Island, and lived on Capt. Parr's 
land there; after he was there awhile he enlisted and 
went off, and I believe he never came back again. 

"John Turner came to Cottenton's place after the 
war. John Turner had lived before the war, and be- 
fore he was driven away by the Indians, where Joe 
Boggs lived, on top of the hill on the tract Richard 
Malone bought of Samuel Wallis." 

Cross-examined by John Holt. 

Do you remember to see my father and Capt. Cal- 
lender out here? 

I remember to see Capt. Callender here and several 
men with him, but do not know whether your father 
was one or not. I remember to sec your father here 
with yourself; you was then a little boy. 

Do you remember that I came out here after the 
war and shot a turkey? 

I do; you came out on the 27tli of March, the year 
after Turner came. 

Was it the same house Cottenton lived in before 
the war that I came to when I moved up after the 

It was the very same house that Turner lived in ; 
but you never lived in that house, except a little while 
before your wife came out; there was no other house 
then in the place but one. 

The following is from*i letter of John O. Henning, 
of Hudson, Wis., dated Feb. 25, 1880: 

" I have it by tradition that my great-grandfather, 
Boggs, settled in the Bald Eagle Valley previous to 
the Revolution. My grandfather, Robert Boggs, was 
born a short distance below Milesburg, and my 
mother and myself were born on the same farm. 
There was an old hollow buttonwood-tree near the 
Bald Eagle Creek, on the Boggs farm, called the 
Eagle's Nest, from the fact that the old Indian chief. 
Bald Eagle, had occupied it for his wigwam. The 
story of my grandfather shooting an Indian who at- 
tempted to decoy him into ambush, by imitating a 

wild turkey, may still be remembered by some of your 
oldest citizens." 

Rev. John Harris Boggs, of Boone, Boone Co., Iowa 
(Sept. 18, 1882), says his grandfather, Andrew Boggs, 
and the first settlers crossed Muncy, Nittany, and the 
Seven Mountains to a mill on the Juniata for flour, and 
carried their wheat to market at Northumberland in 
canoes, returning home with their year's supply of 
necessaries, encamping on the bank of the river or 
creek every night. 

The Indian Logan lived at Hecla Gap, and my 
grandfather had gone to Philadelphia to recruit his 
stock of goods, and my grandmother was alone with 
the children. Logan's wife took a sack of corn on 
her pony to the mill on the Juniata, had it ground, 
and on her return, thinking that Mrs. Boggs might 
possibly be out of meal, instead of going home came 
around by the end of the mountain (Lemont), crossed 
into Bald Eagle valley and down to Boggs', and, not 
finding her at home, told her little girl to get some- 
thing to put some meal in, and thereupon emptied 
out about one-half the meal for them, threw the sack 
upon the pony, recrossed Muncy Mountain to her 
home. This was the woman who was afterwards so 
cruelly murdered, in April, 1774, near the mouth of 
Big Yellow Creek, not far from Wheeling, W. Y?., 
by Greathouse and his party. 

Jonas Davis settled near to Andrew Boggs. He 
was a quiet, orderly man, and his wife a religious 
woman. But he had a brother who was a ruffian, 
strong, very quarrelsome, and abusive, so much so that 
other settlers were under the necessity of carrying 
arms to protect themselves from his abuse. He would 
visit his brother on Sunday, and in order to vex 
Jonas' wile, would compel him to take his axe and 
fell trees. When Andrew Boggs, who was a powerful 
man, would get out of patience, he caught Davis and 
gave him a ilogging, which would keep him in order 
for some time, and when necessary would repeat the 



At the first court held for Northumberland County, 
at Fort Augusta, April 9, 1772, William Plunket pre- 
siding, with James Potter and John Lowdon, 
justices, Bald Eagle township was erected : 

Beginning at tiie Forks of Penn's Creek, thence by a 
north line to the West Branch of the Susquehanna, 
thence up the same to where the county line crosses 
it, thence by the county line south to the head of 
Little Juniata, thence down the same to the end of 
Tussey's Mountain, thence along the top of the same 
easterly to the place of beginning. 




A north line from the Forks (now Coburn Station 
on the Lewisburg and Tyrone Kail road) would ap- 
parently cross Bald Eagle Creek at its mouth, and 
therefore all the present territory of Centre was then 
in Bald Eagle township, except Haines township and 
the greater part of Miles, which were then in Buffalo 
township, and a portion of tlie Seven Mountain-, 
which was in old Penn's township, Northumberland 
County. The only officer whose name is preserved is 
that of Samuel Horn, constable. 

Indians were still in the neighborhood, and occupy- 
ing the opposite bank of Bald Eagle from Andrew 
Boggs' house. When infuriated by whiskey and any 
opposition they were to be feared. Mrs. Boggs re- 
lated that when her husband was away on one occa- 
sion, the squaws came to her and told her the men 
were having a carouse and they meant to hide them- 
selves, and cautioned her to leave her doors open that 
night in case they came to search for them. She did 
so, and long after nightfall the drunken band entered 
the house, searched it for their wives, and not finding 
them went off without molesting her or the family. 

The year 1772 is noted by the passage of the Mo- 
ravian Christian Indians through the territory em- 
braced in our history. They had settled. May 9, 1765, 
in what is now Bradford County, two miles below 
AVyalusing, and laid out a town named Friedens- 
hiitten. In 1768 their lands were sold from them by 
the Six Nations, and although the proprietaries forbid 
any surveys to be made near them, the disturbances 
consequent upon the Connecticut claim intervened, 
and having an invitation from the Delawares of Ohio 
to settle among them, it was deemed best by the 
Moravian teachers that they should accept it. 

On the 11th of June, 1772, two hundred and forty- 
four individuals, of all ages, with cattle and horses, 
started from the North Branch across the Allegheny 
Mountains, by way of Bald Eagle, for the Ohio. They 
set out in two bodies, the one by land under John 
Ettweiu, and the other by water under John Roth.^ 
The land travelers had seventy head of oxen and 
many horses, and after enduring incredible hardships 
reached the Great Island on the 29th of June. 

The river party, with the bell of their church on a 
canoe in the van of the fleet, passed down by Sun- 
bury and up the West Branch to the island, which 
they reached before the land travelers. From this 
point they proceeded together by land. 

Loskiel, the annalist of Moravian missions, gives 
the following notice of the. journey (Day's Hist. Col. 
Bradford County, page 140). In the absence of the 
original journal, we quote irom Day : 

" AVheu they arrived at the mountains they met 
with great difficulties in crossing them, for, not having 
horses enough to carry all the baggage, most of them 

1 Bishop de Schwcinitz, Life and Times of David Zcisbergcr, pnge 3~C, 
Tlie good bishop promised the editor u tratislalioii of tliat portion ol 
Ettweiii'8 journal relating their passage through the Biild Eagle country, 
but after patient search could not find the original. 

were obliged to carry some part. During a consider- 
able part of the journey the rattlesnakes kept them 
in constant alarm, as they lay in great numbers either 
in or near the road. These venomous creatures de- 
stroyed several of the horses, but the oxen were saved 
by driving them in the rear. The most troublesome 
plague in the woods was a kind of insect called by the 
Indians ' punks' (gnats), or living ashes, from their 
being so small as they are hardly visible, and their 
bites as painful as red-hot ashes." 

As soon as the evening fires were kindled the cattle, 
in order to get rid of these insects, ran furiously 
towards the fire, crowding into the smoke, by wliicli 
the travelers were much disturbed in their sleep and 
at their meals. These tormenting creatures are met 
with in a tract of country which the Indians call " a 
place avoided by all men." Some persons died during 
the journey, among them a poor cripple ten or eleven 
years old, who was carried by his mother in a basket 
on her back. James Gilliland, in his "Sketches of 
the Snow-shoe Region," 1881, says one of the party 
was buried at Moravian Run, where the Indian path 
crosses, about a mile west of Big Moshannon Creek, 
and from this the name was given the run. 

Reichel, who had the original journal before him, 
in 1872, quotes the entry : " July 14, 1772, we came 
to Clearfield Creek, so called by the Indians because 
on its banks there are acres of lands that resemble 
clearings, the buffalo that resort hither having de- 
stroyed every vestige of undergrowth, and left the 
face of the country as bare as though it had been 
cleared by tlie grub-axe of the pioneer." 

The earliest assessment of Bald Eagle township 
that can be found is that of 1773-74, just before Pot- 
ter was erected. It seems by a memorandum • 
made by Daniel Montgomery, in 1781, that 1774. 
the assessment list was carried away to Pax- 
ton in 1778 and was lost. The following names are 
found on a list entitled of " 1774:" 


Antes, Henry.. 


iks, Sa 

Bi.ggs, Andrew SOU 

BiiKlUwell, I'.ol.ert 300 

Ciinipliell, el.-aiv lUU 

far-iin, A.hiiii „. 200 

Dav s, Dauii-1 00 

lie«iir, AI.i^iImim (li-ii.u.t of Jului 

Fii-ii.iij;;, K..| I son 

Ikwitt ^^^ilI.,^l i SUO 

11. liiiMH, Ai..U;.« 3»0 

Fliiniiig, ,lMliu,fe.| 1004 

Heuiing, Itolieit, »r 

Fleming, Kobert, Jr 

Hall, Juhii 

Hotr, Gershuni 

Home, Sanjliel 200 

Long, t'ouk>ou 

Love, Itobert 160 

JlcKiiinev, David 300 

McSlichael, .lames 150 

Manning, John 

\\ i 



Tl)e officers of the Bald Eagle township for the year 
1773 were Samuel Horn, constable; Andrew Boggs 
and William McElhatton, supervisors; John Flem- 
ing and Cleary Campbell, overseers of the poor. April 
3, 1773, is the date of the deed of the Great Spring 
tract (Spring Mills) from Reuben Haines to George 
McCormick, the first settler of Gregg township, the 
ancestor of the Allisons. Haines' deed to John Wat- 
sou is dated the same day, for the Ludwick Sheets 
warrantee, which lies on the turnpike north and 
south, half-way between Spring Mills and Millheim, 
and John Watson was the first settler in what is now 
Penn township. Samuel Hoy, who settled east of 
him, W.1S the next settler In 1774. 

In a trial between Col. Samuel Miles, plaintiff, and 
James Potter and John Barber, Esq., had Nov. 30, 
1810, George McCormick and other old settlers were 
witnesses. George McCormick testified : 

" I was first in Pcnn's valloy in 1773, mid lived here in 1774. (Capt. 
James Putter's nppliealion def^uiilied liis land as ineluding tlie forks of 
tlie road in Bald Eaglo township.) I know the land upon which Mr. 
Barber lives. I liavo lived about two miles from it. The forks of the 
road were oil tlie tract in dispute. There are no forks fioni the Bald 
Eagle but the one. I was shown a corner tree, said to be a corner of 
the tract, just in the folks, and some time after I was called upon b3' Gen. 
Potter to cany cliiiin when the lines were run, and going around it in- 
cluded a jiart of George Woods' improvement; we went close to his 
dwelling house, but left it out; when we came to his improvement we 
were at the place of I'eginning. George Woods came in in 1775, and his 
bouse was two or three hundred perclies below the forks, and purchased 
of Potter tlnit jear, and liad twenty acres cleared before driven off by 
tlie Indians. He put up a cabin and a cabin larn. We built forts in 
1777. I abandoned the country in n*. J'led in the winter of deep snow; 
was away thiee years and ten months. I'led about the 12tli of April. 
Tlie settlers returned generally in 17S4. Woods did not return until 
17S5 orl7sn. Gen. Poller lived first on the north side of the Plains, 
lie claimed the tract adjoining Barber's, and sold one hundred acres of 
it to Geoige Woods. Woods held a piece in his own right, and I jmr- 
cliased it of him. Woods' house was about thirty perches from the land 
I bought. Then came a piece of land I don't know who owned ^Mr. 
Kerr here teslifies that this tract was the .Mexander Long, and still in 
Gen. Potter's family), then my land I bought of Haines (the Great 
Spring tract). 

'* I was acquainted up and down the valley, and knew no place called 
' the Forks' but this; one road went up and down the valley and one to 
SIcGrew's mills. Barber settled on the land after we returned from tlio 
war. McGrew's mill was begun the year after I came to the valley. A 
path came over at Logan's Gap; cannot say whether there was a path 
into tlie head of Brush valley or not. There was a path around the 
head of Nittany Mountain, and one went to Junkin's cabin and over to 
Stone valley. There Wiis a path from where I lived across George's val- 
ley to Kishacoquillas. McGrew broiiffit his family in, I think, in 1773. 
Woods' cabin was on the north side of Sinking Creek, fifteen or si.vtcen 
perches from the creek. He has since built on the other side. He re- 
moved to the south side on a purchase he made from Gen. Potter. I 
lived on the land I bought of Haines, .and understood by the 'Plains' 
that part of Penn's valley which had neither timber or water. Wilcot 
was the only settler in Penn's valley in 177:i. He lived where Earlys- 
lown now is. In 1774 I came, and there were only four settlers before 
me,— Potter, McGiew, J. McMullan, and Hubler. Four came the same 
day with me. Gen. Potter surveyed a road from Haines' road to where 
he lived, old foit, and soon after Gen. Potter went with the first militia. 

" The path came from Bald Eagle ; one fork, called Logan's fork, took 
off where I lived, and went to Kishacoquillas; this ten miles from the 
Great Plains. Tlie other fork from niy place went to Buffalo valhy. 
There was another fork in the plains, one branch of which led to Stand- 
ing Stone, ten or twelve miles from the forks which led to McGrew's 
mills. The forks to Standing Stone were above the Great niains. Don't 
lemi-mber of any fork leading to Brush valley. I knew Mr. Maclay and 
Potter; at great vaiiance before the war, not so much after. The plains 
came nigh to Sinking Creek." 

Christopher Henney testified : 

'* I b.jught the John Smith survey from John Nolley, who lioughl It 
from Gen. Potter. I have lived on It (ISIO) fifteen or sixl'en yean. 
Nelley lived there five years, and McGrew had lived there before lli« 
war. (The John Smilli adjoins Centre Hill, aud perhaps includes ilj." 

At May sessions of Northumberland County, Pot- 
ter township was erected out of Penn's, Buffalo, and 
Bald Eagle, bounded eastward by a north-northwest 
line from the top. of Jack's Mountain, by the four- 
mile tree on Reuben Haines' road, in the Narrows, to 
the top of Nittany Mountain ; thence along the top 
to the end thereof at Spring Creek, on the old path ; 
thence south-southeast to the top of Tussey's Moun- 
tain ; thence along the county line to the toj) of Jack's 
Mountain, and along the same to the beginning. 
Potter therefore included Brush valley and Penn's 
valley as far west as Lemorit, and a portion of Hart- 
ley township, in Union County.' 


Horses. Cattle. 

Alender, .Joseph 1 1 

Brown, Thomas 1 1 

Davis, Maurice 1 

Davis, Jonathan 1 

Hoy, Samuel 2 :i 

Livingston, John 1 1 

McCoiinell,.rolin 1 1 

McCormick, George 1 1 

McGrew, Joseph 1 1 and grist- and saw-mill. 

McMillan, Jo.seph 'J 1 

McXitt, Janic-B 1 1 

McNitt, John 1 1 one negro. 

McNilt. lli.l.iit 

McNitt, William 1 1 one servunt. 

Poller, Janie.s :i 4 three seivanla. 

Thomiison, William 1 1 maiked new settler. 

The first constable of the township was John Mc- 
Mullan, who was continued in 1775. 

The above assessment indicated the date of the 
erection of the first mill and saw-mill in the 
valley. McGrew mill was on the site of what 1775, 
is known as the Red Mill, in Potter town- 
ship, now (1882) owned by George M. Hortcr. The 
four McNitts were among the early settlers of Armagh 
township, Mifllin County, as was William Thompson, 
which would indicate that the lines of Potter included, 
or was then supposed to include, the east end of 
Kishacoquillas valley. There is a confusion in the 
legislative description of county boundaries appar- 
ently which I am unable to explain. The list al.*o 
fixes the date of Capt. (afterwards Gen.) Potter's re- 
moval from Buffalo valley to Penn^5 valley. A frag- 
ment of "a list of Capt. James Potter's vendue, 
April 7, 1774," on which the purchasers are Old 
Bufl'alo valley names, corroborates the assessment. 

May 20th, James Potter was returned elected ad- 
ditional member of Assembly, aud took his seat. 

June 8th, Daniel Long, a blacksmith, purchtised of 
Reuben Haines the Valentine Epler warrantee tract 

r As the line of Centre County in ISOO, as described in the act erecting 
the county, was to follow the eastward lines of Miles aud Haines, there 
must have been some lilteration of the east line of Haines [to which 
name Potter, in Northumberland County, was changed], changing it 
from a northu est line to a northeast line, before 1800. Howell's map of 
1702 6' ill shows the couisc of the cost line of Potter to be northwest. 



in Gregg township, wliere H. J. Herring, Esq., J. 
Condo, etc , now live, and on which the Lutheran 
Church now stands, east of Peun Hall. 333 acres 
were in the tract. Long sold to Adam Reed in 1794. 
Reed was also a blacksmith. 

June 17th, John Livingston bought of Haines 996 
acres, comprising the John Schyner, George Beckell, 
Jacob Miller, Warnick Miller, and Philip Young 
warrantees, along the north side of Penn's Creek, ex- 
tending from a point about 130 rods above the forks, 
west 532 rods to a white-walnut, and from the white- 
walnut 416 perches northerly to a white-oak, now oc- 
cupied by Harters, Stovers, Fiedlers, etc., in Penn 

July 18th, Congress recommended the colonies to 
embody all able-bodied men between the ages of six- 
teen and sixty into regular companies of militia. 
The Committee of Safety of Pennsylvania adopted a 
name already assumed by popular organization for 
the defense of American liberty, " A.ssociators," ap- 
proved, August 19th, rules for their government. 
By this name the militia of Pennsylvania was known 
during the campaigns of 1776-77, and the field or- 
ganizations as battalions. On September 12th the 
captains and officers of the Upper Division, as it was 
called, of the county met at Ludwig Derr's (site of 
Lewisburg), and elected James Potter, colonel, Rob- 
ert Moodey, lieutenant-colonel, John Kelley, first 
major, John Brady, second major. Of the Ninth Com- 
pany in this division John McMillan was captain, 
John McConnell, first lieutenant, John McCormick, 
second lieutenant, Charles Wilson, ensign, and forty- 
three privates. This represented the military strength 
of Penn's valley in 1775. 



The following extracts are from the journal of Rev. 
Philip V. Fithian, who visited Bald Eagle and Penn's 
valley in 1775 as a supply : 

"Jiilii .11,17"o.— Mr. Andrew Buggs lives here, twenty-fivo miles from 
Esq, Fleriiiuir's. Weiliitud on fiali-suckurs and cluibliB iiiid on venison. ^ 
It is u level, licli, pleasant spot, the broad creek running hy the door. 
Many of tlie trees on lliis road are cut by the Indians into strange fig- 
ures,— diamonds, .lealli heads, crowned heads, initial letters, whole names, 
dates of .vcars, and I lazes. Soon alter we had dined two Indian boys 
holted in (they never knoek or speak at the door) with seven lalge ji.-h, 
one would weigli two pounds. In return Mrs. Bciggs gave them bread 
and a piece of our venison. Down they sat in llie ashes before the fire, 
stirred np t!ic coals and laid on their flesh. When it was roasted they 
eat il in great mouthfuls, and devoured it with the greatest rapacity. 
When thi-y were fone Gillespie threw himself on a blanket and is now 
asleep; I sat me down on a three-legged stool to write. This house 
looks and smells like n shambles; raw flesh and blood, flsh and deer, 
flesh and blood in eveiy part, mangled wasting flesh on every shelf. 

1 Andrew Boggs died previous to 1770, (See hiographical sketch. 

Hounds licking up the blood from the floor; an open-hearted l{\ndlady ; 
naked Indians and children; ten hundred thousand flies; oh I I fear 
there are as many fleas. Seize me sdou, kind sleep, lock me in thy sweet 
embrace. Sleep to-night is gone. Four Indians came droving in, each 
with a large knife and tomahawk. Bless me, too, they are strapping 
fellows. All standing dumb before us, Gillespie chatters to them, I 
am glad to keep bent at my writing. For all this settlement I would 
not live here for two such settlements ; not for five hundred a year. 

" Tuesday, August Isf. — At prayers this morning we had these Indians. 
They sat motionless during the exercise. One ii-revcrent hunter too, a 
white man, lay all the time during prayers on a deer-skin on the floor. 
We liad a room fell of one and another and all were quiet. Mr. Boggs 
tells nio he knows of no families westward of this, and but one higher 
upon this creek. Some of the Indians here have the outside rim of 
their cars slitted and it hang;? dangling strangely. Some have rings and 
others drops of silver in their noses and ears, ruffled shirts, but many 
of these very greasy. On the trees near their camps are painted in red 
and black colors wild and ferocious animals in furious gestures. It is 
only eight miles distance to the foot of the Allegheny ; but it rises grad- 
ually, — in the neighborhood (if I may be allowed to call it so). On the 
banks of the creek is a large quantity of spruce-pine, bal-k black and 
fine. It is a straight tall tree; the leaves are thinner, longer, and of a 
deeper green than other pine. It makcsan excellentingredieut in table 

\" At ten I tojk my leave, crossed a gap - of Muncy ridge, and rode eigh- 
teen miles {hrongh wild barren woods without any trace of an habita- 
tion or road other than the blind, unfrequented path which I tracked at 
times with much difficulty. Two or three forsaken Indian camps in- 
deed I saw on the creek bank, and a little before sunset I arrived at 
Capt, James Potter's, at the head of Penn's valley. This ride I found 
very uncomfortable : my horse lame with Iiut one shoe, a stony road, I 
lost my way in the gap of the mountains, more tlnin ten miles of the 
way I must go and my poor horse without water, I let him feed, how- 
ever, in the woods, where there is plenty of good wild grass, I fed my- 
self on huckleberries. In these woods are very heanliful flowers, and a. 
great quantity, especially a large orange-colored lily, spotted with black 
spots, I saw here the first sloe ; it grows on a small bush like the hazle, 
ripens in the winter, and is now like a heart cherry. In these woods 
aie great identy <if wild cherries growing on low spray bushes, which 
are just now ripening, 

" ]yi:ditesday, August 2d. — An elegant supper, a neat house, all expres- 
sions of welcome, not a flea, not a chinch, as 1 know of, within eighteen 
miles, so that this morning, by God's mercy, I rise, iu part recruited 
from the ruins of many days' distress. Capt, Potter took nie walking 
over his farm. He owns here many thousand acres of fine land. Some, 
indeed, I saw, is a most fertile walnut hottom. One great inconvenience, 
however, attends the place, the want of water. Some few springs there 
are of good water and in jdenty. But there ought to be manj' unfailing 
brooks, Oats and flax here are not yet i ipe, aud tliei e is now the greatest 
hurry in getting in the wheat and rye. Afternoon I rode down the val- 
ley five miles to a smith's; 3 he would not charge me anything for shoeing 
my hoi^e. The people seem to he kind and extremely civil. Indians 
are here too. It was evening before the captain and I returned, AVe 
must pass by their camp. Ten sturdy, able-limbed fellows were sitting 
and lying around a large fire, hallooing, and in frantic screams not less 
fearful thiur infuriated demons, howling until we were out of hearing, 

" Tliursdarj, August 3d.—l miss here the shady, |>leasaijt banks of the 
Susquehanna, It is forty-two milfc to Northumberland and Sunbnry ; 
eight miles to the nearest place where Penn's Creek is navigjible with 
canoes, almost surrounded with hills and mountains ; only a few, and 
some of these few temporary, springs. The low bottoms now have scarce 
water snlficieiit to moisten a hog, which iu winter are continually flooded. 
Capt, Potter has tasted iu t.iue past some streams of the I'ietian spring. 
He has a uuniher of books; .lustice Blackstone's celebrated conmien- 
taries, Pope's woiks, Harvey's Meditations, many theological tracts; 
over these I am rambling to-day with a very bad headache and oppres- 
sion in my breast, the eflects of a deep-rooted cold which I have taken 
some nights past when I wee fighting with the fleas, 

*^ Friday, AwjuKtith. — The wciither has been for some time past cloudy, 
agneish, and uielancholy, I am less pleased with the valley, pcrliai)S 

- Gap between Milcshnrg and Bellefonte, His route was through Kit- 
tany valley, crossing Nittany Mountain, through McBiide's Gap, tho 
only traveled path Ihen ; tho distance to Gen. Potter's, as estimated by 
Mr, Fithian, would be pretty nearly correct, 

3 Daniel long, east of Penn Hall. 




that accouut or the want of company, not a house ia tlio 


"Saturday, Augnnt5th. — Cloudy and dull. It (s muster-dny, tho captain 
goea off early. 1 am not pleased with the captain's plan of farming. He 
has too extreme a scope of business. Four men servants, two hoys, more 
than two hundred acres of land cleared, much more now cutting do*vn ; 
two ploughs going in a tough rye stubhle, one pair of oxen in one and 
two horses on tho other ; both too weak. A large field of oats is ripe, 
ijome flax too ripe, and not yet pulled. But it is difficult to be nice in so 

** Sunday, Aitgitsi Gift. — Penn's Valley. J rise early, before any in the 
family, except a negro girl. Just at my bed-head a window, under which 
stands a table. Hero I laid down my clean linen, finished last night by 
Mrs. Potter. The night had buen very stormy; when I awoke I found 
a largo dog had jumped in through an open light of the window, and 
had softly bedded himBelf,dripping with water and mud, among my clean- 
washed clothes. At fii-st I felt enraged. I bore it, however, with a Sab- 
bath day's moderation. We have this morning a most violent storm. 
At one I began service in Cajit. Potter's house ; only eight men, and not 
one woman, beside the family, present. I preached two sermons, with 
only ten minutes' intermission. A most turbulent and boisterous day. 
I hojte my words were not wliolly without effect. My little audience 
heard with eagerness. Capt. Potter tells mo there are only twenty- 
eight families in the valley. Of these twenty-two are subscribers, and 
they have raided £40 in subscriptions as a fund to pay snjipliea. I am 
the second preacher who has been in the valley. Mr. Linn i was hero 
two Sabbaths past first of all, and I, by regular appointment, next. It 
rained without intermission all day. 

*' Moiidoy, AiiguBt 1th.— I must stay another day i 

morrow I am to have company c 
captain's sister, invited me to ride 
valley to one Mr. McCormick. [d 
I like this part of the valley bett 
turns. It is, however, still enconi 
people while wo wei 

er breakfast 
McCormick, i 


e valley. To- 
iss Potter, the 
lode down the 
Spring Mills.] 
i a brisk creek, good bot- 

passed with 


of the 
brought in a fine dofr. They have plenty 
uf venison ; I see no otln-r meat. I write these lines seated on a Jog, 
with my paper on tlie back of my pockot-book, under a large spruce- 
tree cluse- upon the banks of Penn's Creek, which runs on the north 
B de and at the very foot of Kgg Hill, which appears to me to bo a tall 
p'ne-covcred mountain. The creek runs foaming by me, enlarged by 
yesterday's great flood. Kear Mr. McCormick'a is a fine spring. It is 
bottomless, and lises about fifteen feet square from under a great bill 
in a' large body, I think full sufficient in steady course to turn a grist- 

"* No, madam, I must dry the butler first.' Mrs. Potter's girl was 
liringing in a plate of butter. It mined, and butter will retain the drops 
upon its BUI face. Innocent miss, therefore, witli great care for neatness, 
was holding the butter close loa large file. 'What are .\ou at there?' 
says Mrs. P.dter to Peggy. 'I am drying the butter, madam.' In 
this valley are large open plains, cleared either by the Indians or 
accidental fire. Hundreds of acres are covered «iih fine grass, mixed 
with small weeds and a great variety of flowere. Some conjecture that 
hot blasting fumes which arise from acres of brimstime have destroyed 
the timber, and they have found in places fine unmixed brimstone that 
will burn quite away without leaving any dross. 

" Taraday, Avgiittt 8(A.— Capt. Potter paid me for my supjdy £l 5s. Mr. 
Thompson came, atid we set out. 

" Crossing the Sevtni Mountains.— The first mountain we had tu climb by 
far exceeded all 1 have yet gone over. It is a h-ng sreep. The ascents, 
however, were trfling, for the road lies alongside of the mountain and 
winds gradually upwards, but the rocks, vast stones uf every size and 
shape, make it not only troublesome but dangerous to goover Ihem. On 
thetopof thid— oh, niurther!— atmther still higher. One who like me 
lias been little used to go over such higli hills can have by baredescription 
no conception, not even an idea, of the rough lomanlic prospect here,— 
a long view more than forty mile* over the tops of pine ridges through 
the long watm valleys. The highest tops of very tall trees are appar- 
kvo hundred or three hundred feet below us, and within gunshot 
js. I was afiaid my hoi-se would miss a step (which wuuld bo of 
er consequence than me walking a minuet) and blunder, for in such 
3 we should surely have trundled d..wn the hill like Sisyphus' always 
tiding stone. On we rode over the other mountain, and the other 
I the other, eighteen miles. On the summits of these hills is yet a 

ently t 

1 He refers here, no doubt, to his classmate, NVilliani L 
tor at Big Spring, now Newville, Cumbeiland Co., Pa. U 
father of James Linn, D.D., was not licensed until .he ye 

nn, D.D., pa; 
v. JuhnLim 

r 1770. 

great jilcnty of largo eweet litickloborries. My advice to all who ia 
future pass over these— and I give it na a friend to them, soul and body 

urney armed with i 
Being feeble, falJci 

.re of ]m- 
Innerif, they may, like the 
in high places and «wi-»r. 
iry riflge of our desired 
to it ten mile« from the 
Sai<l Thompson to her. 

nply that tin 

— is to enter upon tht 
tience and perseveraii 
Israelites long ago, commit sin in these .\meri 

"At last wo came in view from a lofty 
Kishacoqnilhis valley. We stumbled down i 
east end, to one Fleming's. Wo met a woma 
' How are your family, Margaret?' 'Thank ,v<>u. To 
are all on their feet, thank God.' Tlie woman meant i 
were all in health. 

^^Wedneadny, Aut/tutt 0th. — To-day I visited Ksq. Brown. 2 I sbonli] 
make his house my home by appointment of Presl-yrery, The Ksq.llvps 
in a pleasant spot on the creek, and veij near tho mountain. There irt 
a gap, too, through which runs tho creek and tho public road to thu 
Juniata. He has a grist-mill, saw-mill, and a large farm. I have heard 
no news since I left Chillisqnaque. The Esq. tells me that a ship has 
been brought into Philadelphia loaded with powder and arms which 
was destined to the southward for the negroes; that there ia nothing 
material since the skirDiiah at Bunker Hill." 

Here we close our extracts from tliis interesting 
journal. The reader may be interested in hearing of 
the subsequent liistory of the preacher. He joined 
the Revolutionary army as chaplain to a New Jersey 
battalion, and died of dysentery at Fort Washington, 
now in the limits of New York City, Oct. 8, 177G. 

Thomas Thompson, his companion over the Seven 
Mountains, died in Potter township in 1795. His 
children were Robert Thompson, Prudence, Cath- 
erine, and Henrv. 



From a petition of date Sept. 20, 1776, on file in 
the office of the Secretary of the Commonwealth, it 
will appear that the following were inhabi- 
tants of Potter township at that time. The 1776. 
application is for arms and ammunition for 
themselves, and for powder and lead for the Indian.-*, 
to enable them to get a living, so that they would not 
go to the enemy for a supply: 

Allender, Joseph. 
Arthur, Richard. 
Arthni-, Thomas. 
IJeil, Henry. 
Brogle, Fideller. 
Burk, Thomas. 
Caldwell, Charles 
Carr, Thoma-'. ' 
Cool, Samuel. 
Davis, Jonathan. 

Huston, John. 
Houston, Willi. 
Livingston, Da' 


, Mav 

Hall, John. 
Harper, Adiim. 
Hubler, Jacob. 
Hughs, John. 

Livingston, Danit-l. 
Livingston, John. 
Long, Daniel. 
Long, Michael. 
McCormick, George. 
McCormick, John. 
McCormick, Kubert. 
McCormick, Samuel. 
McDuw.-II, James. 
McGrew, Joseph. 
SIcMillen, John. 
McMilten, Thomas. 
McVicknr, Duncan. 
Miles, Enos. 

2 Judge William Brown lived at what was long kuon^ ; 
Mills, now ReedBVille, Mffliii Co. 



Miles, John. 
Mnore, Hngli. 
Mnrphj', Slicliael. 
OiT, John. 
Peterson, Garret. 
Reed, John. 
Reynolds, Adam, 
Richart, Joseph. 
SanUey, Richard. 
Stover, Adam. 

Stover, Jacob, 
Thompson, Tsaiab. 
Thompson, Thomas. 
Thompson, William, Si 
Thompson, Will 
Watson, .John. 
Willcott, John. 
Willson, Charles 
Willson, Williai 
Woods, George. 


At a meeting of the county Committee of Safety of 
Nortlnimberland, held Feb. 8, 1776, at Richard Ma- 
lone's, who lived near the mouth of Chillisquaque 
Creek, Potter township was represented by John Liv- 
ingston, Maurice Davis, and John Hall. 

The officers of Potter township in 1776 were: Con- 
stable, John McConnel ; supervisors, Joseph McGrew 
and George McCormick ; overseers, George Woods 
and Adam Harper. 

July 15th, the convention which framed the first 
Constitution of Pennsylvania met at Philadelphia, 
completing its labors on the 28th of September. The 
members representing Northumberland County were 
AVilliam Cooke, of Northumberland (town); James 
Potter, of Potter township ; Robert Martin, of North- 
umberland (town) ; Matthew Brown, of White Deer, 
now Union County; Walter Clark, of White Deer, 
now Kelly township, Union County; John Kelly, of 
same; James Crawford, subsequently of Wayne town- 
ship, Clinton County; and John Weitzell, of Sunbury. 

September 3d, the convention appointed Henry 
Antes and James Potter justices of the courts. Buf- 
falo, White Deer, and Potter townships were in the 
Third Election District of Northumberland County, 
and the first election under the Constitution for this 
district was held at Fought's mill (near Mifflinburg, 
Union Co.), November 3d. 

In February, 1777, John Livingston and John 
McMillan represented Potter township in the Com- 
mittee of Safety. Joseph McGrew was con- 
1777. stable of the township, and on the 9th of June, 
John Livingston was appointed one of the 
justices of the courts of Northumberland County. 

On the 5th of April, Gen. James Potter was com- 
missioned a brigadier-general of militia, and as early 
as the 19th of .Tune he was in active service near 
Philadelphia. The following is an extract from a 
letter to him at camp, dated at Fort Augusta (Sun- 
bury), Sept. 26, 1777, from Col. Samuel Hunter: "I 
received an express from Col. Crookson Long, at Bald 
Eagle, that he had discovered a party of Indian war- 
riors about forty miles above the Great Island, and 
upon making this known the inhabitants thereabouts 
fled from their places, which induced me to order up 
the first class of militia to the Great Island, to en- 
courage the people thereabouts. Two of the inhab- 
itants are missing, supposed to be captured." 
, Col. John Kelly, of Buffalo valley, was in Octo- 
ber sent up to the Great Island in command of fifty 
men, and had with him Job Chilloway, the friendly 
Indian, and found the inhabitants, to the number of 

five hundred men, women, and children, with the 
families of some friendly Indians, assembled at the 
mouth of the Bald Eagle, at Antes' Mill (opposite 
Jersey Shore), and at Lycoming Creek. 

Gen. Potter spent the summer and winter with the 
army, commanding his brigade, at Germantown, and 
occupying the picket lines of Washington's army 
while encamped during the winter at Valley Forge. 

In the suit of Miles vs. Barber, Nov. 30, 1810, Rob- 
ert McKim testified : " I came to Penn's valley in 

1777. George Woods then lived in a cabin, described 
by George McCormick {ante, 1773-74), within the lines 
of Potter's survey, the house and improvement on the 
north side. Another man was with me. We could 
not come through Kishacoquillas. My brother-in-law 
and Mr. McGrew's brother met us in the Narrows, and 
came back with us to the Great Plains. Some of the 
women took a path and went by Woods'. We took 
off at that fork and drove up near to McGrew's Mills. 
There were perhaps twenty settlers in 1777, and our 
first tax was in 1785. I removed in the spring of 

1778, came back in the fall, and wintered in the 
valley. I returned in 1784, brought my family in 
1785. George Woods came back in 1784. Can't tell 
when Barber settled, but it was before 1790. Barber 
built the house where Alexander lives, front of 
Gregg's house, and the tavern at Potter's Mills. I 
was at Woods' in 1784, when he lived on the north 
side of the creek. There was a settlement in Brush 
valley before I came. They came to mill. There 
was a road from Penn's valley around the end of 
Nittany Mountain. A path came over at Connelly's.'' 

According to a statement of Rev. J. H. Boggs, an- 
other alarm was given early in 1778. The date is 
fixed by the letter of Arthur Buchanan, referred to 
below. He says, — 

"My f.ilher (Judge Boggs) st.arted over the nionntiin fur aid to pro- 
tect them. He was aw.iy three days. • Allcr ho left my graiidniotlier 
took her little children upon Muncy Mountain, and remained there until 
ho returned with a parly of militia. As the latter came along the foot 
of the mountain tliey heard the cliildreu crying for bread. The militia 
were tiien divided among tlie settlers, and coiifideuce was partially re- 
stored, when one niglit, while the men were lying around the fire, my 
grandmotlier in a small bedroom adjoining, she heard sometbiiigat hi'r 
window which warned her of danger. She awoke tlio men, who imme- 
diately rushed out, but the Indians fled. It appeared lliey went imme- 
diately to tlie house of Jonas Davis, and one of them opened the door 
and stepped boMly in. One of the men hearing him enter sprang to 
the door, hut before the olhei s had time to act, the Indian escaped from 
him, and then discharged the gun at the door. The ball passed through 
and killed the soldier, who was on the next day taken np tomygranU- 
motlier's and buried. 

"The same party of Indians, as was supposed, passed over into Nittany 
valley, and killed Abraham Standford and part of his family. One of 
the boys they took with them, but after some years he escaped and re- 
turned to the setllements. In 184U I became acquainted with two of 
that boy's children iu Clariou County, Pa. After the runiiway. Judge 
Boggs, who was a boy of seventeen or eighteen, made several visits to 
the house to see after the stock, which was not mohstcd by the Indians. 
On one occasion he came suddenly upon an Indian, who recognized him 
and assured him of friendship on account of his father (then dead), who 
had been a 'big medicine-man' and a great friend of the Indians. 
They traveled together that day, slept in an empty cabin at night, and 
parted the ne.vt morning, taking different paths. The Indian went a 
few miles fuither, and surprised and murderetl a whole family which 
had retuiiiod, supposing the danger ha i passed." 



The following assessment of Bald Eagle township 
is dated May 1, 1778, and is published in full in order 

to show the residents immediately preced- 
1778. ing the "Great Runaway." A very few, 

such as Henry Antes, Isaac Bodine, etc., 
are not within the limits of the territory embraced 
in our history : 

Alexander, Jimies. Fleming, Robert, Jr. 

Anderson, John. Hail, John. 

Antes, Henry. Horn, Samuel. 

Bennett, William, Sr. Huff, Gerehoni. 

Bennett, William, Jr. King, Roheit. 

Boggs, Widow, 1 Liltle, John. 

Bodine, Isaac. Love, Robert. 

Bradley, Dominick. MeCoruiick, Alexander. 

Campbell, Cleary. McKibben, James. 

Campbell, William, Sr. Manning, John. 

Campbell, William, Jr. Matlock, Daniel. 

Carson, Adam. fliichael, Mary. 

Collinglon, Christopher. Miller, Henry. 

Cuthbert, James. Miller, Warnock. 

Davis, Daniel. Murray, James. 

Davis, Jonas. Tarsons, Thomas. 

Davis, Joseph. Stephens, Levi.2 

Devore, Daniel. Saltzman, Widow. 

Dickson, John. Seaton, James. 

Duckpan, James. * Sutton, Israel. 

Evans, Thomas. Whitman, John. 

Fleming, Robert (Creek). Wilson, Thomas. 

Fleming, Robert (Poinl). Wilson, William. 
Fleming, Joseph. 

Siitcile Men. 

Delong, David.3 McMichael, James. 

Fleming, Joseph. Mallock, Richard. 

Fulwizer, Henry. Reed, Alexander. 

Horn, Andrew. Reed, John. 
Layton, Andrew. 

Robert Love, Collecinr. 

The following names, being additional residents of 
Potter township in 1778, were taken from an assess- 
ment of that year and compared with that of 1774: 

Acres. Improved. Ilorses. Cattle. 

Arthur, Thacher ... 1 1 

Hall, John luo 25 2 2 

Harper, Adam, Sr 100 7 2 2 

Harper, Adam, Jr 

Hubler, Jacob IIIO 8 2 2 

Hughes, .John 60 4 1 1 

Huston. John 60 7 1 1 

Kasweih-r, George 200 8 ... 4 

King, William lUO C 4 2 

Long, Daniel 200 10 1 2 

McCauslin, James 60 ... 1 1 

McConnel, Robert 50 4 2 2 

McCormick, Robert ItIO 10 2 1 

McOrew, Robert 20 2 2 

McMillan, John 100 40 1 1 

McVickar, Duncan ,., 1 1 

Miles, Andrew 

Miles, Enos 100 12 

Miles, James {and one slave) 50 3 2 2 

Miles, Richard 100 G 

Orr, Jolin .,, 1 1 

J'etPl-8, Garret .-. 2 1 

I'iatt, Abraham 36 8 .,. 1 

Reynolds, Adam .,, 1 I 

Richardson, Joseph 50 5 1 

Robinson, Anthony 100 2 11 

Staudford, Jacob ... 1 1 

Stewart, Samuel 60 15 

Stover, Jacob, Sr 

Stover, Jacob, Jr 300 6 2 1 

Thompson, Thomas ... 1 2 

■Wat80n,John 100 20 2 1 

Willcot, John ... 2 4 

■Wilson, William 100 20 1 1 

Woo ds, George 70 10 1 2_ 

• This no doubt was the widow of Andrew, the first settler, and indi- 
cates his death occurring before this date. 

2 Judge Huston states that Levi Stephens was a chaplain of Bouquet's 
command, and assisted in making the officers' surveys. 

3 Lived where the village of Howard now stands. 

Kvane, Benjamin. 
Long, I*anl. 
Black, Conrad. 
McCashliii, Juhn. 
McCormick, John. 
McCormick, Samuel. 

McMillan, Thomas. 
Milligan, William. 
Reynolds. Adam. 
Stover, Adam. 
Stover, Juho. 

The names of Samuel Hoy and of the McNitts, 
with Joseph McMullen, disappear from this assess- 
ment. In 1778, John Watson was constable of Pot- 
ter; John McConnel and Jacob Stover, supervisors; 
Joseph Alender and Adam Harper, overseers of the 
poor. After this year there is no record of township 
officers until 1785. The county taxes, amounting to 
five hundred and thirty-two pounds, for the year 1778 
were wholly exonerated Dec. 21, 1782. 

May 9, 1778, Arthur Buchanan, who resided where 
Lewistown now stands, writes: I this moment re- 
ceived by Robert Moore an express, a letter from 
Capt. Bell, stationed at Bald Eagle, which informs 
me tliat Simon Vaugh, one of his company, was 
killed on the 8th inst. at the house of Jonas Davis,* 
on Bald Eagle Creek. Robert Moore was sent of ex- 
press to inform me of wliat had happened. As Moore 
came through Penn's valley he stopped at the house 
of Jacob Standford to feed his horse, where he found 
Standford killed, and seeing no one about the house 
he rode off. 

Again, on the 11th of May, Mr. Buchanan writes 
that he had just received intelligence by express from 
Maj. Miles, in Penn's valley, that on last Friday 
Jacob Standford, his wife, and daughter were killed 
and scalped, and his son, a lad often or eleven years, 
is yet missing, and tliat the savages ravage all parts 
of our frontiers in a very public manner. 

Jacob Standford resided within the present bounds 
of Potter township, about three miles west of Old 
Fort, near the path lliat came through the McBride's 
Gap. The bodies are buried in a cornerof oneof the 
fields on Ephraim Keller's farm, on the northwest 
corner of the manor, a little north of Leonard Rhone's. 
Henr}' Dale (grandfather of Capt. Cliristian), who 
lielped bury them, said four of the family were 
killed. The nearest neighbor to the Standfords was 
John Willcott (Earlytown), and the bod}- of the 
daughter who was killed was found on the path to 
Willcott's, to which place she was trying to make 
her way. 

The writer of an obituary of Robert Moore in The 
Centre Democrat of May 7, 18S1, giving a statement 
apparently received from Robert Moore, says he was 
returning from the Great Ishtnd to Brown Fort, now 
Brown's Mills (Reedsville), Mifflin Co., when he 
stopped at the cabin of Abraham Standford, a Ger- 
man, who lived on the farm now owned (1831) by 
Peter Ruble, in Potter township. On entering the 
cabin he discovered that none of the familv were in 

* Jonas Davis lived on south side of the creek, east of Ri:bard Ma- 
one's old place. 



the house, but going around the cabin towards the 
spring he saw the body of Mrs. Standford, scalped, 
and blood yet oozing from the wounds. At a few 
rods' distance lay the bodies of two children. Life 
was hardly extinct in the body of Mrs. Standford. 
The writer then goes on to say that Mr. Moore's 
horses having strayed among the Seven Mountains, 
the latter went in search of them, and discovered the 
body of an Indian, with his rifle and accoutrements, 
by a large pine log, under leaves, in a state of preser- 
vation; that after peace was restored Mr. Moore in- 
quired of an Indian chief called Capt. Hunt, who 
was with the party, who told hini that after the 
murder of the Standford family they held a council 
and determined upon an attack upon tlie inhabitants 
of Kishacoquillas valley, and had arrived at the 
gorge west of where William Thompson once lived, 
in the east end of the valley, near where the old Lew- 
istown road entered ; that accidentally the gun of one 
of their chiefs exploded, killing the owner. This was 
deemed an ill omen, a council was called", and the 
expedition abandoned, and so great was their alarm 
that, after covering the chief hastily with leaves, they 

Col. Hunter, in a letter dated at Fort Augusta, May 
14th, says an express has come in from Penn valley, 
informing me that the Indians had killed and scalped 
Jacob Standford, his wife, and two children, being all 
that was of the family. Immediately after receiving 
the news I ordered the seventh class of Col. John 
Kelly's battalion to march into Penn's valley, where 
the sixth class of that battalion was before. 

Col. James Potter, who had obtained leave of ab- 
sence from the main army, on account of the sickness 
of his wife, on the 9th of January, intending to re- 
turn in the latter part of April, on account of the 
troubles on the frontiers remained in Penn's valley. 
On the 17th of May he writes from the " Upper Fort, 
Penn's valley :"' Our savage enemy continue to mur- 
der, scalp, and capture. If there is not something 
done the country will be entirely given up to the 
savages. We have two forts in this valley, and are 
determined to stand as long as we are supported. 
The bearer, Maj. Miles, goes to apply for men to re- 
lieve Capt. Bell, etc. On the 31st of May, it appears 
by Col. Hunter's letter that all the inhabitants of 
Penn's valley were gathered at one place in Potter 
township, and a panic generally pervading the 
county. June 17th, Gen. Potter writes that Capt. 
Pealer's men in Nittany valley had discovered the 
tracks of about thirty Indians leading down Logan's 
Gap, and a woman and two children were missing at 
the head of Kishacoquillas valley, and one man 

The great runaway of July 7, 1778, drove most of 
the inhabitants over the mountains to Cumberland 

1 TIio lower fart M-as on the present furin of John Boweraox, ne-ir 
llublei'a Uuli, in Ilaiucs lowiistili. 

County, but they for the most part soon returned, 
and contemporary documents, such as the following, 
show they maintained their settlements during the 
winter of 1778 : 

" Penn's Vallet, Deer. 24, 1778. 
" One red Strea Steer, white on his Belly, apprised by us at twenty-two 
pounds, ten shillings, and one white steer Strea, apprised at iirteen 
pounds. Both of these steers at James Potter's, and apprised by us. 
"JouN Livingston, 
"James Adams." 
I " On the rjth of July, Col. Brodhead's regiment, on its way to Fort 
Pitt, was ordered to the West Branch ; part of Col. Hartley's regiment 
was on its way to Sunbury, and the militia were ordered up from Lan- 
caster and Berks, and the people came back to reap their crops. July 
24th, Col. Brodhead, then at Muncy, detached a captain and twenty-four 
men into Penn's valley to protect the reapers at Gen. Potter's place. 
Gen. Potter writes from Penn's valley, on the 25th, that "the inhabit- 
ants of the v.alley are returned, and were cutting their grain. He left 
Sunbury last Sunday afternoon, and the people were returning to all 
parts of the county. Yesterday two men of Capt. Finley's company, of 
Col. Brodhead's regiment, went out from this place on the plains a little 
below mj' fields, and met a party of Indians, five in number, whom they 
engaged. One of the 8oldiei"s, Thomas A'an Dorau, was shot dead; the 
other, Jacob Shedacre, ran about four hundred yards, and was pursued 
by one of the Indians. They attacked each other with their knives, and 
our excellent soldier killed his antagonist. His fate was hard, for 
another Indian came up and shot him. He and the Indian lay within 
a perch of each other. These two soldiers served with Col. Morgan in 
the last campaign. James Alexander, wlio in after-years farmed the 
Old Fort farms, casually kicked up a liunting-knife, so rusted as to indi- 
cate that it might have belonged either to the Indian or the soldier 
killed. Two stones were put up to mark the spot on William Henning'a 
place, one mile east of Old Fort Hotel." They are still there (1882). 



GE^'^. Potter writes to President Reed : 

" Penn's Vailey, May ID, 1779. 
" Capt. Carberry (of Hartley's regiment) left last Sabbath with ten of 
his horsemen, leaving his lieutenant and seven horsemen. He is gone 
to ButTalo valley. In a few days I expect the lieutenant to 
follow him. We will then be left in this valley with one lieu- 1779. 
tenant and fifteen men in three forts as a guard, and on the 
4tli of June their time will expire, and then most probably we in this 
valley will have to fly. There are no inhabitants but in Peun's valley, 
an<i they in forts." 

The departure of Hartley's regiment from the West 
Branch valley to join Gen. Sullivan's expedition was 
followed by the temporary abandonment of the settle- 
ments in Penn's valley, in July, 1779, and Armagh 
township (then in Cumberland) became the frontier. 
Gen. Potter retired to his farm on Middle Creek (now 
in Snyder County). He was elected a member of the 
Supreme Executive Council in 1780, and in May, 
1781, dates his letters from Middle Creek, and in 
1781 and 1782 is upon the assessment list of Penn 
township (now in Snyder County). In September, 
1781, he marched a body of one hundred and seventy 
men on a tour about the frontiers. On the 14th of 
November, 1781, he was elected vice-president of the 
State, and served as such until November, 1782. 



A letter from William Brown, Esq., shows the fact 
that Armagh township was still the frontier in April, 
1782, and the assessment books of 1782 show there 
were no inhabitants taxed in Bald Eagle, Potter, 
Muncy, or White Deer townships in that year, Col. 
Hunter's letter of the 8th of April, 1782, showing 
that the inhabitants refused to return to the neigh- 
borhood of Muncy, though he endeavored to get 
them to do so. 

As appears by George McCormick's testimony, the 
country was entirely abandoned in tlie hard winter of 
1779-80 and spring of 1780, and its history is a blank 
until 1784. 

July 26, 1784, Benjamin Davis, Maj. Lawrence 
Keene, and Joseph J. Wallis entered into an agree- 
ment to take up a large body of lands. The 
1784. cost of the lands were to be defrayed by Ben- 
jamin Davis, the locating and surveying by 
Messrs. Keene and Wallis, Davis' interest to be one- 
half, and Keene's andWallis' one-quarter each. Joseph 
J. Wallis was deputy surveyor. The agreement cov- 
ered twenty-four tracts which had been applied for 
before, and warrants issued for July 1, 1784. The 
twenty-four tracts were surveyed, or at least returned 
as surveyed, the 22d to 29th of November, 1784. The 
leading warrant, Benjamin Davis, commenced at the 
S. E. white-oak corner of the George Gabriel warrant, 
in Benner township, where the line ran S. 30 E. 497 
perches to a pine ; thence the lineof the warrants ran S. 
35 E. 191 to the Rock Iron-Works' land. Gen. Ben ner's; 
thence southwestwardly 6 miles and 177 perches, 
through what is known as the Barrens, to near the 
Pennsylvania Furnace Company's lands to a peak defi- 
nitely ending with the James Newport warrant, which 
adjoined the Robert Gover. The west line of James 
Newport was north 30 W. 265 to a pine. Its north- 
western limit included the Thomas West, Jr., war- 
rant, and then the line ran eastwardly along the 
southern lines of what are known as the Buffalo Run 
surveys, made by Thomas Smith, Esq., in 1770, to the 
Gabriel white-oak. From the pine of the Benjamin 
Davis (late the Judge Marshall farm) the line ran N. 
55 E., including the Christopher Gettig, Richard 
Rundel, Thomas Murgatroid, and Robert Barnhill 
warrants. The southern portions of Gettig, Rundel, 
and Murgatroid warrants interfered with Gen. Ben- 
ner's land, Thomas Evans, and Robert Boggs. In a 
contest with Benner and others. Col. Miles failed to 
establish his title for the southern portions of these 
three warrants, and the Barnhill warrant seems to 
have been abandoned, as subsequent warrants of 
quite a late date have been laid there. 

Gen. John Patton bought Joseph Wallis' interest 
as early as May 8, 1790, and subsequently Benjamin 
Davis' interest, and, in connection with Col. Samuel 
Miles, these tracts with other lands were held as ap- 
pendant to Centre Furnace and the Milesburg Iron- 

Samuel Hunter, member of the Council of Censors, 

having died, Gen. James Potter was elected in his 

place, and took his seat July 7, 1784. 

The journal of James Harris lias the following 
reference to surveys on the Moshannon, partly in 
Centre County. Mr. Brown's tracts are tlie .John 
Anderson, Gilbert Vaugh, John Vaugh, Jonathan 
Wales, and John Roll, which stretch from a birch 
on east side of Moshannon, ten miles or so above 
Osceola, and extending below and east of Houtz- 
dale. John Reed's survey embraced Thomas P. Cope, 
Tiiomns Billington, the Harrison, on one of which 
the John Harrison Osceola is built, and the Edmund 
Fletcher : 

" The 19th of Octoliei-, 17S4, left Esq. Brown goiog to get land sur- 
veyed over Alleghany mountain. Our company as follows; WillLim 
Brown, Esq., J. liarris, G. Meek, David Milligan, Andrew Small, Daniel 
Beats, and Thoa. Pearce. At J. Reeds we were joined by John Reed, D. 
Alexander and R. Alexander; the company, except Esq. Brown and 
myself, proceeded through Standingstone Valley, Mr. Brown and myself 
by Stone town on the 2ath. Proceeded to Esq. Canan's, where I left Jlr. 
Brown and Joined the company atPonnells SlilU, from thence marched 
about three miles and encamped on the waters of Spruce Creek ; on the 
2l6t advanced about four mites to one Stewarts at Warrior Marks, and 
waited till the moruing of the 22d and were joined by Mr. Brown and 
Mr. Canan ; the day proved rainy and unfit for crossing the mountain. 
2.'iU leftAVanior Harks and crossed over to Moshannon, encamped on 
this branch, Sunday the 2'lth Mr. Brown's horse left him and took the 
back track, the 25th Mr. Canan made a large survey fur Mr. Brown con- 
taining 2150 acres, including extensive beaver-damson both branches 
of Moshannon dam in pursuance of five warninte 400 on each, on the 
26th he [jerformed a large survey fur J. Eeed in pursuance of six war- 
rants of 400 on each, including the fork adjoining and below Mr. Brown's 
survey, the 27th left the forks of Qlusliannon and proceeding nearly a 
due west course about 8 miles struck the Clearfield Creek, just at tlie 
head of the narrows : were met by Mr. MiUerand two young men named 
Blitchell ; here an extensive rich bottom, a fine pleasant creek alwut 30 
or 40 yards wide, the upland not rich but in some places well timbered. 
The 28th five men by the name of Wickerts came to our camp said they 
claimed by improvement a great deal of land up this creek, say they will 
not sulTor it to be surveyed. Mr. Canan performs two surveys fur the 
southeast side of the Creek for Reed, Alexander A Co., tlie second in- 
cludes the mouth of a large rnn, and extends about one mile up it. 
There is said to be good land for three or four miles up this mn. Jas. 
Alexander's, including the mouth of this run, is in the name of John 

" KB— On the 28th George Meek killed one large buck, pretty fat not 
unwelcome news to the company. 

"The 29th Mr. Canan began a survey on the north west side above 
the narrows, was obliged to quit on account of rains. On the 30th Mr. 
Canan performed one of the surveys on the west side of Clearfield ex- 
tending it as high up as the Bickert's claim. The 30th we decampe<l 
and marched up the creek as far as the mouth of the Piney run. The 
31st moved up to the forks of Beaver creek and C'learfield, leaving Mr. 
Canan, John Reed, Wm. Miller, 4c., to perform their surveys. 

" The 1st of November began a survey at the month of Ueaver Creek, 
including the same on the evening of our return fell in with the fallen 
timber (blowed down by the hurricane in June) were benighted and met 
with much difflculty, got home about midnight. 

"2d, Rainy in the forenoon, surveyed some in the afterpart. 

"3d, Surveying. 

"4th, Rainy all day. 

"6tli, Surveying; am much afflicted with the rheumatism. George 
Meek kills one other buck. (Mr. Brown went down on the sixth to the 
other company.) 

"7tli, Rheumatism continues; we lay on Clearfield three days. 

"8tli, We decamped, and moved up Beaver Creek to a large beaver 
dam, and encamped on the northwest side below where our surveyed line 

"9th, David Milligan and .Andrew Small returned down to pilot up 
the other party, the day proved rainy and uncomfortable. 

" lOth, The day is dark and cloudy ; a branch fills in above this bea. 
ver dam on which is much good meadow laud, the upland adjacent U 



also good. Mr. Brown, Mr. Canan, &c., returns to camp. Mr. Caaan 
aud Dan. Beats take faick. 

" 11th, Kainy in the moruing:, in the afternoon surveying. 

" 12th, Surveying our old beaver-dams; the day is dark, cloudy, and 

near our old encampment in Jun 
nd encamp c 

"13th, We decamp and move up 
last on Beaver Creek, the weather rainy. 

" I4th, We left the Bejiver-creek and encamp on the Chest creek above 
the Kittaning path at a former encampment in June, the weather niiny. 

"15th, Dan Beiits returns home by the Kittaning path; we left the 
Chest and proceed southwest in search of our land on Blacklick; at 
about four miles we cross a large run supposed a branch of the Chest ; 
eight or ten miles we came upon the head branches of a run supposed to 
be that on which our land lies. Weather dark and rainy. 

"IGth. Mr. Brown and self go down the run to examine how the land 
lies, intending to return in about ono and a half hour, but, the weather 
being dark, and inadvertantly keeping too far from the main run, and 
following a large drove of elks, we came upon a creek of which our run 
i^ a branch, we got lost without gun, compass, sunshine, or fireworks. 
We traveled all day without fifteen minutes intermission until about 
one hour before night, when luckily we came within liearing of our 
horse bells, and from thence to our camp. 

" 17th, We are surveying, perform one survey. Cloudy all day until 
an hour before sundown when the sun appeared the first time for eight 
or nine days. 

" ISth, This morning a snow of three or four inches deep covers the 
ground ; in the afternoon finish a survey. 

" 19th, We intended to march ; proved rainy and snowy all day ; we 
stay in camp until the next morning. 

" 20th, We decamp, finding that this is not the land we had located on 
Black Lick; this being as we suppose a branch of Conemack, and sur- 
veying northwest fall upon Black Lick near our old encampment in 
June last, distance about five or six miles. Weather rainy in the afler- 

" 21st, Mr. Brown, Mr. Canan and myself go in search of the land lo- 
cated by the same route we discovered it in summer, we walk up the 
creek about two miles then leaving it to the eastward come upon our 
land and the spruce marked I H wliich is nut on a branch of Black Lick 
but as we suppose a branch of Conemack. Geo Meek and David Alex- 
ander go over the hills to Lick creek. 

"22d, Mr. Canan and a party go out to survey whilst the rest of the 
company, viz : Tho Pierce and myself move the camp and baggage to our 
land; they miss the camp and return, they left in the morning and stay 
tliereall night uuconifortably. George Meek and David Alexander join 
Pierce and I and on our marcli we encamp at the I II Spruce. 

"23d, In the morning we were joined by the surveying part}'. Mr. 
Canan sick. I go and finish Ihe surveying un Black Lick. 

" NB — On the 23d in finishing the survey much good land was left out 
on the west and south on the waters of Conemack. 

"24th, Steer homeward, cross the heads of Chest creek encamp on 
Clearfield creek about 4 milesabove the Kittanoing path ; we hear 2 shots 
one at dark and another after midnight, 

"25th, Geo Meek and D. Milliken go down to the path and return ; we 
then all move over the mountain by the path arrive at John Framan's in 
Frankstown settlement. 

'* 2Gth, A snow of 3 or 4 inches deep appears on the ground in the 
morning and continues raining and snowing most part of the day ; we 
travel on all day ; the company part at Ed Beaty's at Waterstreet. Mr. 
Brown and I go home with Esq. Canan. 

" 27th, Mr. Brown goes fur bis horse to the Warrior Marks and returns 
to Mr. Canan's. I drink cyder with Mr. Canan at Mr. Mitchell's aud 
Mr. Dean's his father-in-law. 

"28th, Sunday we go to the stone T. with Mr. Canan, hear Mr. Stevens 
a new Irishman preach, and we ride down to John Fees; meet with F 
Maybary an old acquaintance. 

" 2Dtli, We stop at J. McCays in Kishacoquillis Valley and make a sur- 
vey and then proceed down the valley to Mr. Brown's. 

"3Utli, I arrive at homo on Juniata." 

The following assessment of Bald Eagle township, 
dated Dec. 4, 1784, indicates who returned to their 
settlements during the summer of that year and orig- 
inal settlers of that year. Robert Fleming was as- 
sessor, Robert Love and Cleary Campbell, assist- 

Arthure, John. 
Balto, Adam. 
Bennett, William. 

Boggs, Margery. 

Bowen, Danforth. 

Campbell, Cloary. 

Carson, John. 

Clark, Frank. 

Clark, John. 

Davis, Jonas. 

Delong, David. 

Dewitt, Harnett. 

Fleming, Ezekiel. 

Fleming, John, Sr. 

Fleming, John, Jr. 

Fleming, Robert. 

Ghormley, Joseph. 

Gordon, Thomas (lived with Jonas 

Davis, at the Nest, in 1796). 
Horn, Samuel. 


Johuston, Richard. 

King, Joseph. 

Limber, C-ornelius. 

Love, Robert. 

McGrady, William. 

Mahan, William. 

Millegan, John. 

Murdoch, Alexander. 

Beligh, David. 

Richey, Robert. 

Richards, Casper. 

Richards, Frederick. 

Smith, Abraham. 

Stewart, Charles (only recent! 

Turner, John. 
Wilcot, Paul. 
Wilcot, Silas. 

Whitman, Jacob (taxed with 

Balto, John. 
Bowen, Danforth. 
Campbell, William. 
Carsou, James. 
Delong, Jonathan. 

Gilmore, Richard. 

Toung J/eji's Karnes : 

Horn, Andrew. 
Mahon, Alexander. 
Murray, William. 
Religh, David. 
Riclmrds, Frederick. 
Richards, Matthias. 
Rodgers, Thomas. 

In 1784 we note the settlement of Abraham Elder 
in the new territory of Half-Moon, then in Bedford 

In the territory west of Beech Creek and north of 
Nittany Mountain, circling around the end of Nit- 
tany west of Potter, we find the following additional 
residents on the assessment for 1785 : 

AUender, Joseph. 

Arthurs, Thomas. 

Askey {or Erskine), Capt. Thomas. 

Evans, David. 

Gonsaulus, Richard. 

Hamilton, Archibald. 

Hamilton, James. 

Holt, John. 
McConnel, Hugh. 
Malone, Francis. 
Malonc, Richard. 
Reed, John. 
Swansey, William. 
Williams, Capt. Jushua. 

Hamilton, John. 

Richard Malone bought the Charles Worthington 
tract (below the present, 1882, Thomas farm, in Boggs 
township), on both sides of the creek, in 1785, of 
Samuel Wallis, for thirty shillings per acre. He 
built on the part south of the creek. 



The act of Sept. 13, 1785, fixed the place of hold- 
ing elections for Potter township, with those 
of Buff'alo and White Deer, at Foutz mill, 1785. 
late Rockey's, a little east of Mifflinburg, in 
Buffalo valley ; those of Muncy and Bald Eagle at 
Amariah Sutton's, in Muncy township. 

In Bald Eagle township in 1786 we note 
the following additional settlers and improve- 1786. 
ments : 



UcGee, Jolm (on the Margaret 
Bradforil tract of Wullis", in 
Liberty townsliip). * 

McCracken, William. 

Mason, John. 

Michael, John. 

Quickley, Michael. 

Ramsey, James S. 

Kichards, FieUerick.^ 

Skidmore, Josljua. 

Spear, Alexander. 

Terwiliger, John. 

Westbrooke, James. 

Westbrooke, Eichard. 

Antes, Henry (grist-mill). 
Bennett, James (giist-mill). 
Crawford, Robert. 
Davis, William. 
Donelly, John. 
Hannah, David, 
llolt, Jacob. 
Hamilton, Hugh, 
fielford, Cliristopher. 
Gunsalus, Derick. 
King, Joseph. 
Knapp, Ebenezer. 
Limber, Joseph. 
Lucas, Benedict. 
McCormick, John (marked as non- 
resident ou ta.x-list). 

The assessment is dated May 17, 1786, from which 
the above extracts are taken. 

In September, 1786, the place for Potter was 
changed to George McCormick's (Spring Mills). 
The act erecting Mifflin County (1789) provided that 
all that part of Northumberland contained within 
the bounds of Mifflin, — i.e., that part of the county 
west of Spring Mills, — should be erected into an 
election district, and hold their elections at Enoch 
Hastings', and then the act of the 9th of April, 1791, 
changed the place of election for the part in North- 
umberland County from George McCormick's to 
Aaron Levy's house in Aaronsburg. 

At May sessions, 1786, Bald Eagle township, which 
extended along the south bank of the river from 
opposite the mouth of Lycoming Creek (Williams- 
port City bounds) westerly and northwesterly about 
seventy miles, was triparted by the Court of Quarter 
Sessions of Northumberland County. The most 
westerly portion from the mouth of Beech Creek was 
called Upper Bald Eagle, and embraced all of Centre 
County (now) except Harris, Potter, Gregg, Penn, 
Haines, and Miles townships. The middle portion 
embraced Beech Creek township, Bald Eagle, Lamar, 
Potter, etc., and was called Lower Bald Eagle ; and the 
portion easterly of the mouth of the Bald Eagle and 
southerly embraced Sugar valley, and was called 

There are no assessments of Potter, after the return 
of the inhabitants, to be found earlier than 1786, 
which is published in full below : 

Andrews, Miilcolm. 
Ayres, Abraliam. 
liunn, Frcdeilck. 
Cannon, James. 

Henney, Adam. 
Henney, Christopher, 
llennoy, Hieronymus, 
Hess, Matthias. 

CamaLan, William. 
CImmbers, Thomas. 

Habler, Jacob (grist- and saw- 

Cnnscr, Henry. 

Hubler, John. 

Elsey, Peter. 
Krtle. Valentine. 

Johnston, Alexander. 
Johnston, James. 

Garret, Jolm. 
Geiswet, George. 

Jordan, Benjamin (taxed with a 

Gibson, James. 

King, Francis. 

Glasgow, Samuel. 
Green, Thomas. 

King, William (taxed with a 

Hall, John. 

Lamb, William tgrist-mill). 

Harper, Adam. 

Long, Daniel. 

Hastings, John. 

Long, Michael. 

1 He is taxed with a grist- 

and saw-mill. These were erected at the 

Livingijton, Daniel. 
Livingston, David. 
McCashon, James. 
McConnell, John. 
McCormick, George. 
McCormick, John. 
McKim, Robert. 
McVickar, Duncan. 
Miller, Henry. 
Mitchell, John. 
Morrow, Andrew. 
Motz, John. 
Motz, Michael. 
Neely, John. 
Pennington, Robert. 
Piatt, Abraham. 
Pontius, George. 
Reynolds, Adams. 
Reinhart, George. 
Reinhart, Joseph. 
Robertson, Anthony. 

Roll, John. 
"Rwn, Joseph. 
Sandford, Abraham. 
Shingle, Philip. 


, Ada 

Stover, Frederick. 
Stover, Jacob. 


, Join 

Thompson, Thomas. 
Thompson, Robert. 
Ulse, Jacob. 
Vanhorne, Joseph. 
Van Ostrand, George. 
Van Ostrand, John. 
Watt, John. 
Watson, John. 
Weaver, David. 
Wilson, William. 
Wolfe, George. 
Woods, George. 

Gen. James Potter is marked as a non-resident, he 
having his residence in White Deer township, now 
Union County. Abraham Piatt, John Hall, and 
George Woods were the assessors. 

In 1787 we gather from the assessments 
additional residents in what became Upper 1787. 
Bald Eagle township : 

Adams, Nathaniel. 

Antes, Philip (taxed with grist- 

and saw-mill). 
Armstrong, Daniel. 
Baker, John. 
Bathurst, Laurence. 
Gonsalus, Emanuel. 

Harbison, John (one of the first 
settlers of Walker township). 

Lewis, Lewis, surveyor (father of 
David Lewis, the robber). 

McCalmont, Thomas. 

Terwiliger, Isaac. 

, Da 


Cole, Samuel. 
Lucas, Joseph. 

Single Men. 

Malone, Leslie. 
Malone, Richard, Jr. 

present town of Mill Hall, in Cliuton County, 

A letter from Samuel Wallis, dated Monday, Jan. 
10, 1787, fixes the date of Philip Antes' purchase. 
He says, " I have considered your proposition of pur- 
chasing the sur\-ey near Bald Eagle's Nest in the 
name of Philip Gover (on which Eagle Works are 
now situated, 1882) ; the price will be thirty shillings 
per acre, in four equal payments. If these letters 
will do, you may proceed to put up a small house 
upon it." Mr. Antes accepted the proposition, and 
moved upon the place in July, 1787. 

Daniel Turner took up the laud where Roopsburg 
now stands, on Spring Creek, Sept. 14, 1787, and the 
sad incident related by Judge Linn, illustrative of 
the hardships of the early settlers, is referable to the 
severe winter of 1787-88. Turner left for Clear- 
field County to hunt and trap. His family ran out 
of provisions, and his wife came to Lamb's, where 
Bellefonte now stands, to borrow some meal. Going 
back she took a different path ; the children started 
down to meet her, taking the usual path. They got 
bewildered and spent the night on the hills, the boys 
taking off their coats to cover the youngest children. 
When it got light they said they could not get the 
two youngest awake, and they went and reported at 
Nathan Williams'. The pure flakes of snow had 



fallen upon their little bodies, their upturned eyes 
were glazed over, and their little mouths half opened : 

" Not on tlty cradle-bed, 
Not on tliy mother's breast 
Henceforth BhiiU he thy rest, 

But with the quiet dead." 

They were buried on the side of the mound at the 
Great Spring. Long since in a happier world that 
poor mother has clasped her darlings in an eternal 

Monks, William. 
Russiter, Thomas (grist- and t 

Pennington, Isaac. 
Ream, Aliraham. 
Sliaw, William. 
Sankey, ■William. 
Watt, James. 

Allison, Archibald. 
Benn, Henry. 
Benn, Thomas. 
Crane, William. 
Hastings, Enoch. 
Hnnter, Andrew, of Dauphin Co, 
Miller, Henry (grist- and sai 



Boggs, Robert, 
Colbert, John. 
Delong, JonatliaD. 
Dewitt, P,aul. 
Erwin, John. 
Gomer, John. 
Hamilton, Thomas, 
llouser, Jacob. 
Lucas, Joseph. 
McCalmont, John. 
ItlcConnell, Hugh. 
McCracken, James. 

EAGLE IN 17,-I8. 

Maloiu-, Eranc 
Malone, Leslie 
Meyser, Amos. 
Parsons, Thorn 
Sennet, John. 
Stoy, John. 
Stratton, Lot. 
"Welsh, Joseph. 
Wilcot, Paul. 
Wilson, Thoma 
Wilson, Willia 

In 1788 the lands of Thomas Gordon, now Belle- 
fonte, changed on assessment to William Lamb. 

Jacob Houser, who was a millwright of Paxtang 
township, Dauphin Co., purchased, by deed dated 
Dec. 26, 1787, of Josiah Matlack the Isaac Catherell 
tract, on which Houserville is located, now (1882) in 
College township, to which he removed in 1788. 
\Vm. Connel, a tenant of Houser's/ settled upon the 
Caleb Jones tract, east of Catherell, as a tenant of 
Houser's, in 1788, and made the first improvement 
there, old Mr. Eckley and Eli Eckley coming there 
in 1794. Joshua Dale also came there in 1794. 

Robert Moore, in his deposition, taken in 1809, in 
the Banner and Honser suit, says that Nathaniel 
Adams cleared for Houser six acres of land where 
the old orchard now is (1809) in 1787, and that 
Houser built a cabin "near where the mill is since 
built" in the same year. "Connel also cleared .seven 
acres where Houser's house and barn now stands in 
1790." He speaks also of Dennis Kennedy as a 
tenant of Houser's. 

In 1788, Gen. James Potter erected a house upon 
the John McCoiiuel tract, where the village of Pot- 
ter's Mills now stands. The carpenter-work was done 
by John Barber, afterwards Esquire Barber. His 
bill for the carpenter-work is dated Aug. 6, 1788, 
amounting to fifty-three pounds. This was a large 
log-hewn house, many years afterwards used as a 
tavern. The merchant-mill and saw-mill were erected 

by him in 1788-89, — Jacob Houser, millwright, John 
Barber, carpenter, — and were not quite completed at 
the general's death in the fall of 1789. Thomas May 
also worked on the mills in the summer of 1789. 

March 19, 1789, Mifflin County was erected, taking 
from Northumberland County all of Upper Bald 
Eagle township to the mouth of Beech Creek ; 
thence by a straight line to Logan's Gap 1789. 
(Hecla) ) thence to the head of Penn's Creek ; 
thence down said creek to Sinking Creek, leaving 
George McCormick's (Spring Mills) in Northumber- 
land County; thence to the top of Jack's Mountain, 
at the Northumberland and Cumberland line. This 
boundary is indicated by a blue line on Howell's 
map of 1792, engraved for this history, 

It went by the name of Bald Eagle until Centre 
County was erected, in 1800, when it resumed the 
name of Upper Bald Eagle, changed, however, to 
Spring in 1801. The following is a full list of its 
taxable inhabitants thus transferred to Mifflin County, 
taken from an assessment made March 30, 1789: 

Adams, Nathaniel. 
Antes, Philip. 
Armstrong, Daniel. 
Arthurs, Thomas. 
.\skey, Thomas. 
Baker, John. 
Batliurst, Lawrence 
Boggs, Robert. 
Brown, John. 
Conkling, Joseph. 
Connel, Williaui. 
Connell.v, Isaac. 
Colvert, John. 
Grossman, William. 
Curry, John. 
Davis, Jonas. 
Delong, David. 
Belong, Jonathan. 
Dewitt, Bernard. 



Evans, David (on the Th< 

Ferguson, Thomas. 
Gardner, John. 
Gunsalua, Emanuel. 
Gunsillus, Richard. 
Gunsalus, Samuel. 
Hamilton, Archibald. 
Hamilton, Hugh. 
Hamilton, James. 
Hamilton, John, Sr. 
Hamilton, John, Jr. 
Harbison, John. 
Helford, Christopher. 

Holt, John. 
Houser, Jacob. 
Hunter, Andrew. 
Hunter, R..bert. 
Lamb, William. 
Lewis, Lewis. 
Lucas, Benedict. 
Lucas, Joseph. 
McCalmont, Hugh. 
McConnel, John. 
McCracken, James. 
McEwen, Francis. 
McEwen, Henry. 
McGec, John. 
Malone, Francis. 
Malone, Richard. 
Marsden, John, Sr, 
Marsden, John, Jr. 
Moore, Robert, 
liamsey, James. 
Reed, .lohn. 
Skidmoie, Joshua. 
Spear, Alexander. 
Story, John. 
Slratton, Lot. 
Turner, John. 
Turner, Daniel. 
Wnril, Edward. 
Welch, Joseph. 
Williams, Capt. Joshua. 
Wilson, Thomas. 
Wilson, William. 



When Mifllin County was erected, March 19, 1789, 
that portion of Potter township of Northumberland 
County bounded eastward by a line running from 
Nittany Mountain, southerly by the head of Penn's 

JLAP OF THE TEHiaT(niy or 

ill 17*).: 

■^ ■ .aii - 



Creek and Spring Mills to the Seven Mountains, and 
westerly by a line from the end of Nittany Mountain 
to Tussey, had the following inhabitants: 

Alender, Joseph. Konlle.v, Christoplier. 

Aiiilerson, John. King, Francis. 

Aniiro, Malcolm. King, WiMiiim (one slave). 

Ajcre, Abraliuni. Livingston, Jiiniea. 

B.'nn, Henry. BIcCasIion, James. 

Cannon, James. McConnel, Elizabeth. 

Carnahan, James. BtcEUiatlon, Alexander. 

Carnalian, William. McFadden, James. 

Colvert, John. McKim, Roliert. 

Corser, Anthony. llcVickar, Duncan. 

Corser, John. Maybury, John. 

Deneen, J.inies. Mayes, Thomas. 

Earnest. John. Mitchel, John. 

Elson, Henry. Moore, Abel. 

Elson, Teter. Moore, James. 

Franipton, Kalhaniel. Moore, Joseph. 

Gardner, James. Nelley, John. 

Gilmore, John J. Noble, Robert. 

Gliisgow, Saninel. Pennington, I^^aac (one slave). 
Gordon, Thomas (grist* and saw- Pennington, Robert, 

mill). Pinckerton, Andrew. 

Grefrg, Andrew. Pierce, Obediah. 

Hasting.", Enoch. Potter, James. 

Hastings, John. Ray, Robert. 

Hendrickson, Cornelias. Reynolds, Adam. 

Hnnter, Robert. Robertson, Anthony. 

Huston, James. SandTord, .\braham. 

Ingram, John. Sankey, Thomas. 

Jack, Jacob. Sankey, William. 

Johnston, Alexander. Thompson, Henry. 

Johnston, James. Thompson, Thomas. 
Wilson, William. 

.Tohnston, Richard. 
Jordan, Benjamin. 

Benn, Thomas. 
Farmer, Williar 
Hastings, Thon, 

Woods, George. 
Siitgh Men, 

Hnnter, William 
McCashon, .John 
Monks, William 

In that part of Potter township which remained in 
Korthumberland County (that is, from Spring Mills 
eastwardly) were the following inhabitants in 1789: 

Livingston, John, 
Long, Daniel. 

Allison, .Archibald. 
Biirtlow, Biirnett. 
Beamer, Adam. 
Black, Thomas. 
Conrad, John. 
Conser, Henry. 
Ertif, Valentine. 
Garret, John. 
Gast, Nicholas. 
Geistweil, John (single). 
Gibson, James. 
Hall, John. 
Hayes, James. 
Harper, Adam. 
Hazel, Jacob. 
Henney, Adam. 
Henney, Chri.stophor. 
Henney, Frederick. 
Henney, Hieronymna. 
Hess, Dewalt. 
Hess, Matthias. 
Hetzler, Balser. 
Hnbler, Jacob. 
Hnbler, John. 
Humlum, George. 
Huston, Paul. 
Jt-ssup, John. 
Kirk, Michael. 
Livingston, David. 
Livingston, Daniel. 

Long, Michael. 
Loomis. Joseph. 
McCormick, George. 
McCorraick, John. 
McCormick, Robert. 
Martin, Alexander. 
Martin, W'illiam. 
Miller, David. 
Miller, Daniel. 
Miller, Henry. 
Miller, Jacob. 
Miller, John. 
BHller, Joseph. 
Miller, Martin. 
Moore, Daniel. 
Motz, John. 
Motz, Michael. 
Morrow, .\ndrew. 
Musser, Philip. 
Nees, Peter. 
Nees, Philip. 
Piatt, Abraham. 
Pickle, Thomas. 
Pontius, George. 
Preston, William. 
Ramsey, John. 
Ream, Al)raham. 
Beinhard, George. 

Reldenbaugh, Henry. Stover, John. 

Ross, Joseph. Ulse, Jacob. 

Sheakle, Philip. Ulse, John. 

Shaw, Thomas. Van Ostrand, George. 

Shuck, John. Waldsmith, Chrlatiaa. 

Small, Andrew, Watson, John. 

Smith, James. Watt, John. 

Stover. Adam. Weaver, David. 

Stover, Frederick. Wolf, George. 
Stover, Jacob. 

According to the statement of his granddaughter, 
Mr-s. Eliza Mitchell, still living in Bellefonte (1882), 
Gen. Potter was assisting in raising a barn on the 
farm now occupied by James Runkle, about two miles 
east of the old fort, on the south side of the turnpike, 
where he injured himself by lifting. This occurred 
in the fall of 1789. His will isdated October 27th, prob- 
ably made after the accident. Desiring better medical 
attendance than the valley afforded, he was placed on 
a cot in a wagon and taken to Franklin County, where 
he died in the latter part of November. 

His will was proved at Lewistown on the 19th of 
December, Richard Johnston, William Munks, and 
William Carnaghan being the witnesses. 

He owned twelve hundred acres of land in a body 
surrounding the Old Fort Hotel, which he willed to 
his son James, " his heirs and assigns forever," also 
the William Nesbit warrantee tract adjoining and 
below McGrew's mill (that is, below where the Red 
Mill now, 1882, stands), and one hundred acres of the 
John McConnell warrantee, to include the mill-seat 
and mills erected thereon, etc., his sword, riding fur- 
niture, his negro man Hero, and mulatto man Bob. 
To his daughter Elizabeth, wife of James Poe, of 
Franklin County, inter alia, six hundred acres of land 
lying immediately west and adjoining the " Manor." 
Mrs. Samuel Vau Tries, of Bellefonte, still owns her 
share of the estate thus devised by her grandfather, 
Gen. Potter, to her mother, Mrs. Poe. 

Gen. Potter owned contiguous tracts of land in a 
continuous stretch from Earlytown down to within a 
mile of Spring Mills, varying in width from a mile to 
a mile and one-half wide, a distance of about seveu 
miles. The middle portion of this he willed inter alia 
to his daughter Martha, wife of Hon. Andrew Gregg, 
and the easterly portion, next to Spring Mills tract, to 
Mary Reynolds, wife of James Riddles. To Mrs. 
Gregg he gave his negro slave Daphne and Daphne's 
daughter Sal and son Bob. To his daughter Margaret, 
who afterwards married James Crouch, of Walnut 
Hills, Dauphin Co., inter alia, the Catherine Potter 
warrantee tract southeast of Linden Hall, on which 
Abraham Staudford then lived, and where he had given 
ground for a burying-ground and for a church for the 
West Penn's Valley Presbyterian Church. Mrs. W. 
W. Potter's (1882) farm is part of this tract. Mr. 
Crouch sold it without any reservation, and the bury- 
ing-ground had to be bought back for fifty dollars, 
the church site being removed to Slab-Cabin. 

Gen. Potter also made liberal bequests to his 
brother Samuel and sister, and to his namesakes, 



James Potter Jordan, son of Thomas Jordan, Jaraes 
Potter Murray, son of James Murray, James Potter 
Beard, son of his sister, Mary Beard, and provided 
for the continuance of his subscription for the sup- 
port of a minister in the West Penn's Valley Church 
for six years after his death. 

He also provided in his will for the removal of the 
bodies of his mother and his son John, who died at 
Middle Creek (some distance west of Middleburg, 
Snyder Co., where he resided for some years after 
1778), to the Staudford burying-ground, above alluded 
to, and erecting tombstones over their graves. The 
bodies, however, were never removed, and sleep in un- 
known graves hard by the banks of Middle Creek. 
The provision for marking his own grave was also 
neglected, and no one to-day can point out the grave 
of this brave Revolutionary general among those of 
the slumberers in Brown Mills graveyard in Franklin 

It appears by this will that Gen. Potter owned at 
his death six thousand and seventy acres of the best 
land in Penn's valley, beside land in the Kishacoquil- 
las valley, a thousand acres of land given him by the 
State on the Sinnemahoning, and in company with 
Timothy Pickering a residue of over fifteen thousand 
acres in the northwestern portion of Pennsylvania. 
One peculiarity of the will is that he gives his son 
James one-half more than each of his daughters, and 
provides that when the Pickering lands are divided 
James is to draw two shares and each of the daughters 

David Whitehill, Esq., came to Spring Creek in 
1789, according to his own statement in the Benner 
vs. Houser suit. 

The election for member of the Constitutional 
Convention of 1789-90 for Mifflin County was held 
for the townships of Bald Eagle and Potter at the 
house of Enoch Hastings, and Thomas Beale, of Mifflin 
County, was chosen. Northumberland County was 
represented by Simon Snyder (afterwards Governor) 
and Charles Smith. The Constitution of 1790 was 
adopted by the convention on the 2d of September, 

At February sessions of 1790 of the Quarter Ses- 
sions of Northumberland County, Abraham Piatt pre- 
sented a petition, whereon the court decreed, 
17dO. as recited, "with the consent of the inhabit- 
ants of that part of Potter township remain- 
ing in Northumberland County," that the name of 
Potter theretofore given to the division remaining in 
Northumberland County should be abolished, and 
ordered that hereafter it shall be known by the 
name of Haines. This was a compliment to Reuben 
Haines (brewer), of Philadelphia, who owned large 
bodies of land in the township. 

James Potter, Jr. (afterwards Jiidge Potter) estab- 
lished his residence at Potter's Mills, in 1790, and 
opened the first store there in November. Robert 
McKim and W. A. Patterson were his clerks. The 

first entry in the ledger is a charge, Nov. 8, 1790, 
Samuel Edmiston, one bushel of salt, ten shillings. 
In 1791 he erected the distillery. John Earnest was 
the distiller. Whiskey was sold from the distillery at 
the price of four shillings per gallon. The name of 
Gen. Potter's old army servant appears upon the 
ledger as "Hero Wade." 

The following additional residents of Potter were 
taken from the assessments, but in some cases it would 
appear not to be the date of the person named coming 
to the valley, as in the case of John Barber and Dr. 
Andrews it is evident they were early residents : 

Andrews, Dr. John, Jordan, Hugh. 

Barber, John. Kerr, William. 

Beer, Samuel. McKim, David. 

Beiin, Henry, Jr. Palmer, Solomon (father of Floyd). 

Biggs, Alexander. Pastorius, William. 

Clover, Paul. Potter, James (taxed with a grist- 
Clover, Philip. mill, saw-mill, and slave.) 

Davis, Joseph. Bankin, James. 

Frampton, Arthnr. Sankey, Ezekiel. 

Graham, James. Saiikey, James, 

Graham, John. Sankey, Jeremiah. 

Graham, Robert. Vanhorne, Joseph. 

Huston, Paul, Watson, James. 

Jack, Michael. Wilsou, Peter. 


Acres. Horses. Cattle. 

Anderson, John 150 2 1 

Allender, Joseph 60 2 2 

Burns * McBride 200 

Benn, Henry, Jr 150 2 2 

Biggs, Alexander 30 1 1 

Bear, Samuel 150 

Bariier, David 200 

Carnahan, William 100 2 2 

Carnahan, James 1 1 

Climpson, TJiomas 150 

Colbert, Johii 30 1 

Clover, Philip 200 

Corser, Anthony and John 100 2 2 

Dencan, James 100 1 2 

Dunlap, Alexander 200 

Davis, .Joseph 1 1 

Eyera & Foster 100 2 1 

Elson, Peter lOO 2 3 

Klson 4 Peter 300 

Earnest,John (1 still) 100 

Frampton, Arthur l.'iO 

Frampton, Nathaniel 50 

Gregg, Andrew 200 2 3 

Glasgow, Samuel 100 1 2 

Gardner, James 30 1 1 

Gordon, Thomas (1 grist-mill, 1 saw-mill) 50 2 2 

Graham, James 100 1 1 

George, William 200 

Huston, James 100 1 1 

Hurst, John 30 

Hunter, Williiim 60 

Hastings, John 2 2 

Hastings, Enoch 200 3 2 

Hendrickson, Cornelius 260 2 2 

Ingram, John 60 .. 1 

Jordan, Benjamin 60 .. • .. 

Jordan, Hugh 80 

Jack, Michael 100 1 1 

Jack, Jacob 1 2 

Johnson, Richard 100 1 1 

Johnson, Alexander 206 2 4 

Keatlev, Christian 160 2 2 

King, William (1 slave) 100 2 4 

Livingston, James 160 2 

McCashin, James 100 1 1 

McVicnr, Duncan 60 1 2 

McFadden, James I 2 

McConnell, Elizabeth 100 1 1 

McKim, Robert 100 2 2 

Jlloore, James (1 still) 1 1 

Moore, Abel 200 2 2 

Moore, Joseph 1 x 

Maybur.v, John 100 1 1 

Mayes, Thomas 10 .. 1 

Nealy. John 100 1 1 

Pastorius, William 150 1 1 

Pennington, Robert 150 2 2 

Pennington, Isa,ao (1 slave) 100 2 1 






Acre«. Uoraeii. Cattle. 

Potter, James (l alave, 1 gr 

8t-Diill, 1 saw-n 

lill). 200 



Swansey, William 

300 2 4 

Qiiinn, Thoinaa 












Turner, Daniel 

Reyr.oltiB, William 

Wilson, William 

100 1 



Sanford, Aliraham 




Ward, Edward 

50 1 1 





Vimhorn, Joseph 



WooJs, George 





289i. Alley, Franks & Co. 
302. Allan, Zuchariah. 

361. Hubey, Michael. 

Watson, Jaiiies 


200. Hunter, Ephralm. 

Young, Wiliiiim (1 still).... 




331. Bradford, William. 

300. Heisler, Daniel, Esq. 


254. Burns, John. 

300. Irwin, James. 


300. Burns, Cornelius. 

400. Ingersol, Jared. 

1200. Proprietaries, adjoir 

ing James Potter'd land and tbe PI 


300. Boggs, Andrew's heirs. 

400. Jack, James. 

1200. Wister, Cusper,join 

ng Potter's lai 

d and Nittany. 

300. Blair, Alexander. 

430. John, Mathias. 

300. Lattimer, James, oi 

Sinking Creelc, adjoining 

lands of Tliomas 

300. Barr, Uodson. 

800. James, Able. 


301. Brady, William Perry. 

405. Jones, James. 

300. Matlock, Josialijoi 

ning Enocti Hasting's land 

30C. Boggs, JunifS. 

424. Kerclier, Mary. 

300. Haines, Reuben, juining Tnssey's Mountain and Spring Creek. 

304. Binks, Christopher. 

306. Kercher, Ludowick. 

300. Cameron, Charles, j 

jiuing Joseph Allender. 

316. Carrudders, James. 

404. Klyne.John. 

300. McCIay & Shannon, 

joining Potter 

s laud. 

300. Coon-, Andrew. 

500. Knight, George and Michael. 

200. Clemaon, John, join 

ng John Hasti 


30G. Calhoou, James. 

244. Keeble, John. 

20U. McCIay, William, adjoining Penn's 


290. Clay, Alexander. 

300. Kimely, William. 

100. McCormick, George 

joining Georg 

3 Woods. 

374. Cotterel, Isaac. 

300. Lawyer, Christopher. 

lUO. Poller & McClay,ju 

niug Tussey Mountain. 

300. Calhoon, Catrine. 

250. Lusk, William. 

100. Hoover, Jacob. 

360. DeHa-ts, John Philip's heirs. 

324. Lippencott, William. 

50. Woohi-tou, on the road to Lewistoi 

, in the mo 


300. Dowdle, Michael. 

900. Levy, Aaron. 

300. DeHaas, Philip. 

COO. Lynch, Edward. 

IN 1792. 

900. Evans, Rowley. 

1000. Londen & Co. 

3000. Miles & Patten, Nittany valley of Spring Creek. 

397. Elliot, Israel. 

294. McCaine, Thomas, Esq. 

413. Elliot, Christopher. 

700. McMoultrie, David. 




294. Elliot, William. 

GOO. McAllister, Richard. 




500. Enwin, George. 

2300. Matlack, Josiah. 

Askey, Tbonias 




311. Frank, William. 

300. Morris, John, Jr. 

Antes, Fliilip(l null) 




400. Means, Robert. 

Adams, Nathaniel (I blill) 






324. Flahaven, Rodger. 

295. Matland, Samuel. 

Armsttorig, Daniel (poor) 

350. Funk, Henry. 

300. Miles, Samuel. 

320. Frey, George. 
400. Foster, Thomas. 

320. Morris, Phoebe. 



Boggs, Kobert 


900. Means, Hugh. 



200. Grable, Peter. 
300. Grable, George. 
264. Gorrel, William. 

200. Nailor, Ralph's heirs. 

400. Parker, Robert. 



1000. Pleasant, Samuel. 

Concklin, Jo&epb 



400. Guyer, Adam. 

192. Poultney, Thomas. 

Delong, David 




192. Hartley, Charles. 

3000. Patton, John 4 Co. 

Delung Junatbin 






1602. Hartley, Thomas, Esq. 
304. Horlon, Azariah. 

326. Patton, John. 

Dewit, Barnard 


300. Prouil, Robert. 

Evans, A7iiiab 



319. Richie, Grace. 



300. Hendricks, John. 

Kerguaun, Thomas (I still) 


Gardntr, John 




335. Hopkins, Josiah. 

26S. Robison, Ale.xander. 

Gunsalus, Richard 




340. Kubison, George. 




317. Henderson, Isabella. 

Hamilton, John, Jr 




202. Henderson, Daniel. 

121. Stratton, Thomas. 

Hamilton, Hu„h 




2400. Shippen, Josiah * Co. 



Hamilton, Archibald 




325. Hubley, John. 

At the March sessions 

Helford, Christopher 


of 1791 of MiffliQ County 

Hunter, Robert 






a petition from sundry citi 
sented, praying for annex 

zens of Bald Eagle was pre- 

ation to Potter, by 

Housei lacob 


reason of the inconvenier 
the extensive territory of 
court considered and grai 
same sessions, and designa 

ice attendant upon 1791. 
Bald Eaale. The 

Lewig, lean 









ted the application at the 

McUoDiull, IIllRh 



ted the territory to be an- 

McCHlmont TIiuuuls 



nexed as "lying within a 
the end of Nittany Mount: 
Moore's)' till it intersects 

lorthwest line drawn from 

McKwtii, Hei.iy 





tin (so as to include Robert 

McCi-acKcn Juines 



the Huntingdon County 




MhIoiip, UiLliiird Jr 


Marsdul), Jubu, Sr 




M»r4doii, John, Jr 




Armor, Thomas. 

Fredericks, George. 



Delong, George, 

Speer, Alexanilcr 


Holcomb, Stephen. 



Hamilton, Thomas. 
Jones, Peter. 
Lamb, Samuel. 
Lucas, Baptist. 
McClelland, Robert (grist-i 

McClure, John. 
McEwen, William. 
McLaughlin, Daniel. 
Templeton, John. 


In Bald Eagle, Joshua Williams is taxed with a mill, 
and Michael Jack, in Potter township, also a mill. 
Among the additional resident tax-payers of Potter 
were : 

Biirroii, John. 
Carothers, John. 
Carry, John. 
Chartiera, William. 
Concklin, Joseph. 
Dale, Christian. 
Davidson, John. 
Davidson, Alexander. 
Fulton, William. 
Graham, Robert. 
Hendrickson, Daniel. 
Henney. Stophel. 
Hicks, Jacob. 

Adams, James. 
Alston, Joseph. 

Hicks, Thomas. 
Huston, William. 
Iivin, John. 
Larimer, Robert. 
McCasbon, John. 
McCracken, James. 
Quinn, Matthew. 
Robinson, Simeon. 
Roll, John. 
Sankey, Elizabeth. 
Thompson, Robert. 
Williams, George. 

Single Men. 

Dnnlap, Samuel. 
White, John. 

An assessment made for Haines township April 7, 
1791, has in it the names of 

Archibald Allison. Rechtel. 
Thomas Bbick. 
Adam Beumer. 
John Conrad. 
Valentine Ertle. 
Nicholas Gost. 
Michael Koch. 
Adam Klingler. 
Daniel Kreamer. 
Malcolm Dunkel. 
Jacob Hazel. 
Barnet Hazel. 
Frederick Henney. 
John Livingston. 
Andrew Livingston. 
Daniel Livingston. 


Jacob Stover. 

John Motz (tv\ 

Michael Motz. 

John McCamant. 

James Moore. 

Philip Musser. 

Frederick Henney. 

Adam Neidigh. 

John George Wolf. 

C. Waldsmith. 

Jacob, Adam, Frederick, and Join 

John Jacobs. 
Joseph Davis. 
Abraham Piatt. 
Jolin Watson. 
Adam Harper. 



Col. John Pattox bought the Cornelius Connelly 
tract, " Morea," on which Centre Furnace was after- 
wards erected, the Dennis McGlatton, on 
1792. which the gristmill was afterwards erected, 
and the Joseph Barr warrantee tract, west of 
these, of Josiah Matlack, Sept. 29, 1790 ; the Morris 
Birbeck, north of these, April 3, 1792, and these 
four tracts were known as the Centre Furnace tracts 
proper. As before stated, there were some twenty- 
eight tracts, containing over eight thousand acres of 
what is now the best land in Benner and Patton town- 
ships, appurtenant to Centre Furnace domain and the 
Milesburg Iron-Works. 

In connection with Col. Samuel Miles (who had 
been colonel of the rifle regiment of which Col. Patton 
had been major in the camp.aign of 1776), Col. Patton 
erected Centre Furnace, in the fall of 1791-92, which, 
with a store at that point, was in operation under the 
firm-name of Miles, P.atton & Miles as early as 
May 2, 1792. This was the first blast furnace erected 
in Centre County. James Newell was manager for 
many years. Gen. John Patton died in 1802, at Centre 
Furnace, and Col. Miles, who resided at Cheltenham, 
in Montgomery County, but whose interests were rep- 
resented by his .sons Joseph and John, who resided in 
Centre County, died Dec. 29, 1805. The furnace was 
blown out in 1809, and laid idle until about 1825, when 
Joseph Green and Joseph Miles started it again. 

In 1832, Gen. James Irvin and his father, John 
Irvin, bought the interests of the Miles' in Centre Fur- 
nace and Milesburg Iron- Works. Operation ceased at 
Centre Furnace in 1858. 

Additional resident tax-payers in Upper Bald Eagle 
in 1792 were: 

Dill, Michapl. 
McGuii-e, JuuieB. 

Bright, George. 
Calvert, Job. 
Carutliers, James. 

Patton & Co. 
Sarrack, John. 

Single Freemen. 

Elson, Peter. 
Turner, Helinias. 


Allen, Joseph (taxed with a tan- Miller, Andn 

Miles, Patton & Miles (store and 

Straw, Thomas. 
Vandyke, David. 
Whitehill, David. 

Single Freemen. 

Pierce, Adam. 
Palmer, Floyd. 
Stewart, William. 
Straw, Joseph. 
Sullivan, Edward. 
Wilson, James. 

Bloom, William. 
Eakens, John. 
GrifFus, Adam. 
Geddes, John. 
Harper, Henry. 

Beckett, William. 
Christy, John. 
Cook, Thomas. 
David, Alexander. 
Graham, James. 
McKiiiney, John. 
Mitchell, Joseph. 

Howell's map of 1792, from which a map of the ter- 
ritory of Centre and Clinton Counties is copied, is an 
exceedingly accurate representation for this early 
period. James Potter (judge), as appears by a let- 
ter of Reading Howell, found among the Potter papers, 
furnished Howell with the profiles and information 
for the then Mifllin County : " Connelly's" was at Blue 
Spring, near Pleasant Gap ; " Malone's," Eagle Upper 
Works ; the upper " Potter's" is site of Potter's old 
fort; the lower "Potter's" is Potter's Mills ; "McCor- 
mick's," now Spring Mills ; " Hubler's" was a tavern 
a mile west of the present village of Woodward 
(Motz's tavern and mills) ; the spot marked "Iron" 
indicates the old iron-mine first opened in Patton, 
about the centre of the present township, and " Willy 
Brook," the stream starting near Centre Furnace, and 
running into Spring Creek. 

There is an account extant of Miles, Patton & Miles, 
of date Centre Furnace, Dec. 5, 1792, against Richard 



Malone, the then rich man of what is now Boggs 
township, which is of interest on the score of prices : 
May 2, 1792, Malone is charged with a lady's fine hat, 
£1 10s. Of/.; tea, 4 shillings per pound; one yard of 
lawn, 5s. 6rf. ; i quire of paper, 1 shilling ; 1 bushel 
of salt, 10s. ; loaf sugar, 2s. 6(/. per pound ; 4 panes 
of glass, 4s. ; 1 pair of shoes, 8s. 

With the account is a price-list for articles of pro- 
duce " at the works," which Miles, Patton & Miles 
consider to be liberal : Wheat, 4s.; corn, 3(/. ; large 
oats, 2Xs. ; ^mall do., ly^ijS. ; potatoes, 2s. ; turnips, 9rf. ; 
butter, 9rf. ; rye, 3s. " We give 3rf. cash for good 
merchantable pork." 



Askey, Roliert. 
Beuiier, Philip. 
Cok'y, Abrnbitni. 
GooclMlow, David. 
Gnnsalus, Derrick. 

EAGLE IN 1703. 

Jolinston, ThomiiH fgrist-l 
Leallicrs, Fifdeiick. 
McCioa, John. 
Mei'cer, Amos. 
Shiik, John. 

, Martin. 



Delviny, Jolin. 
Johnston, William. 
McClure, Hilgli. 
Turner, William. 

Watson, William. 
Wilson, John. 
Wilson, William (su 

Gen. Benner bought three tracts of land known as 
Eock Forge tracts, " John Gill," William Lippincott, 
and Christopher Binks, warrantees, from Josiah Mat- 
lack, May 2, 1792. William Williams and Conrad 
Reamy were his first tenants. Williams, on the trial, 
June 20, 1815, of the suit of Lauman's executors vs. 
Benner, testified that he lived on the Binks upper 
forge tract, now (1882) Mordecai Waddle's farm, from 
1793 to 1800, under Gen. Benner; that they made the 
first improvement in May, 1793, a house, two cooper- 
shops, and they commenced the forge and made iron 
at it in 1794, and a grist- and saw-mill and a number 
of dwellings were erected on the Binks tract ; that 
Reemy and one Stratton commenced clearing the 
John Gill the same year. It appears by the evidence 
in another suit between Isaac Jones, the master-me- 
chanic, and Gen. Benner, that the slitting-mill was 
built in 1799, and he commenced building the lower 
forge on the 20th of February, 1800, and the rolling- 
mill in 1803. Thomas Waddle, Esq., was Gen. Ben- 
ner's manager and business man about the works. 
Ampng his early employees were John Essington, 
James Harper, John Eckley, James Smith. Eock 
AVorks, after Gen. Benner's death, in 1832, were car- 
ried on by his heirs. In 1836 the lower forge went 
into the hands of Jacob Bergstrasser. He was suc- 
ceeded in 1844 by Samuel Edminson. John Irvin's 
and Henry Benners' interests were sold out by the 
sheriff in 1852, and Eock Works ended. The year 
1793 was the era of wild speculations in land. Under 
warrants dated July 1, 1793, Frederick Evans laid a 
large block of surveys on the mountain north of the 
Brush valley road leading to Buffalo valley, com- 

mencing with the William Barton, where Tunis' mill 
was erected afterward, and running northerly two 
miles, and east from the chestnut-oak corner of the 
William Barton five miles. These lie in Miles town- 
ship, and end with the John Thornburg. The Jacob 
Sigfried, Daniel Sigfried, and John Sigfried are 
laid on both sides of the public road through Brush 
Valley Narrows. More particular details of the sur- 
veys of 1792, 1793, and 1794 will be found in the re- 
spective township histories in which they are located, 
and thus be more readily comprehended. 

The following additional resident tax-payers ap- 
pear in Potter township in 1793 : 

Ardery, James. 
Barron, William. 
Benn, Thomas. 
Cochran, William. 
Caldwell, Hugh. 
Dale, Philip. 
Duffln, Hugh. 
Dugan, James. 
Everhait, Samuel. 

At the October election in 1793, Penn's valley gave 
only fourteen votes for Thomas Mifflin, Federal can- 
didate for Governor, while F. A. Muhlenberg had 
one hundred and fifteen. Bald Eagle gave one hun- 
dred and twelve for Mifflin and seventy-four for 


Foster, Jeremiah. 
Gearhart, John. 
Huston, Paul. 
Lnmbourne, Josiah. 
Miles, Patton & Miles' 
Michael, William. 
McKinney, Isaac. 
McSwords, .\rchihald. 

Adams, Jonathan. 

Lawyer, Peter. 

Allender, James. 

Letterman, Peter. 

Apple, Henry. 

McCorniick, Agnes. 

Apple, John. 

McGee, William. 

Bierly, Anthony. 

McGilliiird, John. 

Hollander, Henry. 

Miles, James. 

Bower, Jacob. 

Miller, John Sadler. 

Brown, John. 

Moore, George. 

Crees, John. 

Musser, Daniel. 

Cook, James, Esq. (t\ 

•0 slaves and Musser, Sebastian. 


Nees, Philip. 

Davis, Isaac. 

Neidigh, Solomon. 

Dunkle, Melcbior. 

Pauly, Thomas. 

Eakins, John. 

Phips, David. 

Emrich, Nicholas. 

Piatt, Ann (widow of Abraham). 

Ertle, Daniel. 

Pickle, Tobias. 

Ertle, Philip. 

Richards, Joseph, Jr. 

Felty, Conrad. 

Ridenbangh, John. 

Frank, Philip. 

Rishel, Adam. 

Freybergor, John. 

Rishel, Ludwig. 

Fulgate, Thomas. 

Rishel, Martin. 

Green, Joseph. 

Rhone, Michael (moved in 17r4 to 

Giist, Christian. 

Potter township, on the Manor"!. 

Grenoble, Lawrence. 

Sleeser, Tobiiis. 

Greymeyer, Fredk. 

Skillman, Jacob. 

Harris, Amos. 

Snyder, Nicholas. 

Henry, John. 

Storm, Christian. 

Hetzler, Jacob. 

Storm, David. 

Herman, Michael. 

Tillman, Andrew. 

Hoover, John. 

Tillman, Michael. 

Hosterman, Jacob. 

Voneida, Philip. 

Kern, Matthias. 

Weaver, John. 

Kreamer, Michael. 

Wise, John, 

Kryder, John. 

Woikiug, Uenry. 

Single Freemen. 

Bartner, Philip. 

Smith, William. 

■Wall, William. 

White, James. 

Jessup, Stephen. 

White, Jeremiah. 

Pickle, Christian. 

Wise, George (or Weiss). 






E, 1794. 

Adams, Richard. 

Killgore, David. 

Adams, William. 

Kline, Nicholas. 

Barnhart, Lawrence. 

Knox, Galljraith. 

Betchtol, Cluistian. 

Lee, William. 

Boggs, And lew (2d). 

McDonald, Joseph. 

Brewly, Isaac. 

McKinchan, Robert. 

Burns, Anthony. 

Messor, Amos. 

Caliill, Edward. 

Miles, Evan. 

Craig, Robert. 

Miles, Richard (saw-l 

Crape, Adam. 

Mitchell, David. 

Diehl, Micliacl. 

Packer, James (mill) 

Douglass, John. 

Perkins, Anthony. 

Evans, Thomas (living \ 

vith Gen. 

Reemy, Conrad. 


Rowan, Steward. 

Gillmore, John. 

Ronibangh, Simon. 

Hays, Richard. 

Shaler, William. 

Howard, Tlijmas. 

Straus, H. 

Jacobs, GeoTge. 

Sutton, Ephraim. 

Kennedy, Dennis (ou 


Vincent, Peter (saw-u 


Wentzel, Geoige. 



Boggs, Joseph. 

Johnston, David. 

Benner, Mordecai. 

Lewis, Jacob. 

Beard, John. 

Lee, Isaac. 

Elson, Henry. 

Vanglian, Thomas. 

The assessments of Potter and Bald Eagle, in Mif- 
flin County, subsequent to 1794 cannot be found, prob- 
ably taken out for some land trial and never returned, 
hence it is not possible to get the names of new set- 
tlers between that year and 1800, except in that por- 
tion of Centre County which was within Northumber- 
land County. 

The death of Wm. Sankey occurred in 1794; his 
children were Jane, Ezekiel, William, John, James, 
Eachel, Elizabeth, Ann, and Esther. 

May 2, 1794, is the date of a bill made out by 
Thomas Waddle for Gen. Benner against James Pot- 
ter for hauling eight barrels of whiskey to Lewisburg, 
four pounds, and shows the charge for transportation 
at that date ; distance about fifty miles. 







Penn's valley 

Penn's and Beavc 

Eisliing Creek 


Bald Eagle 


It will be observed one hundred and fifty-seven 
votes were cast for Samuel Maclay for Congress, while 
the Federal candidate, John A. Hanna, had only 
seventeen ; BaldEaglecast thirty-nine votesforSamuel 
Maclay, and two hundred and six for Hanna. Wil- 
liam Maclay (brother of Samuel) was the organizer of 
the Democratic party in the United States Senate in 
1791, and the conservative disposition of a majority 
of the voters in Penn's valley is shown as indicated 
by no change of side in politics in ninety years, ex- 
cept, perhaps, during the Know-Nothing party excite- 
ment of 1 854. 

In 1795, Daniel Turner (surveyor) erected what 
were known as Turner's Iron-Works on the main 
br.anch of Spring Creek, about one mile above 
Bellefonte. They consisted of a forge, grist- 1795. 
and saw-mill, located about a stone building 
still standing two hundred rods or thereabouts above 
the Brockerhoff mill at Roopsburg. Turner failed and 
the works were sold to William Grant, who conveyed 
them to Thomas Billington, and they were known as 
Billington Works. They were early abandoned as 
iron-works. Billington, who lived in Philadelphia, 
offered them for sale in 1807. The names of some' of 
Turner's workmen in 1795 were Ephraim Blackburn, 
Otho Spear, Andrew McMasters, Patrick McCarrigan, 
Samuel Curls, James Lindsay, Thomas Curry. Tur- 
ner's forge was called Spring Ci-eek Forge, as appears 
by a bill dated Jan. 25, 1797 : Sent per Samuel Sivils 
to Lewistown seventy-one bars of iron ; weight one 
ton and seven pounds. 

Thomas Thompson, of Potter township, died in 
1795. His children were Robert, Nancy, Prudence, 
and Catherine. In the same year Miles, Dunlop & 
Co. erected the first forge at what is now Linn & 
McCoy's works. The firm consisted of Evan Miles 
(cousin of Col. Samuel), Gen. Joseph Miles, Col. 
James Dunlop, and John Dunlop, his son, and Col. 
Samuel Miles, of Cheltenham, and it was first called 
Harmony Forge, for being built jointly by these 

In December, 1795, William Petriken, Esq., had 
closed up his business in Carlisle, and on the 1st of 
January he commenced business as tailor and mer- 
chant at Bellefonte. His first customer at Bellefonte, 
as appears from his ledger, was Daniel Turner, and 
from it we glean the names of residents in Bellefonte 
and neighborhood for want of assessments which can- 
not now be found. 

At Bellefonte were John G. Lowrey, James Harris, 
John Dunlop, John Wall, blacksmith; Alexander 
Deven, George McKee, William Lamb, William 
Pettit, James McCormick, Hugh Gallagher, on Buf- 
falo Run ; Andrew Boggs, William McKee, Logan's 
Gap ; Samuel Beck, William McClure, William 
Goodfellow, Galbraith Knox, Evan Miles, Jonathan 
Boggs, John Gilmore, Adam Crepes, Christopher 
Irvin, Capt. James Miles, James Smith, Spring 
Creek ; Joseph Boggs, James Williamson, Isaac 


McKinney, John Anderson, Penn's valley ; Alex- 
ander Davidson, Buffalo Run ; Andrew Miller, Buf- 
falo Run ; John Richards, Half Moon ; William Tip- 
ton, David Killgore, James Ramsey, boatman. Books 
were included among Mr. Petriken's sales. He has 
Mr. Swansey charged with Hervey's Meditations, 
7s. 6rf. 

Capt. Joseph Miles' "Rangers."— At the close 
of ITy.*) the French Directory had come into power, 
and early in 1796 signified its displeasure at the rati- 
fication of Jay's treaty with Great Britain. On the 
2d of July the Directory issued their celebrated de- 
cree " that all neutral or allied powers shall without 
delay be notified that the flag of the French Republic 
will treat neutral vessels, either as to confiscation, as 
to searches or capture, in the same manner as they 
shall suffer the English to treat them." Rumors 
reached the United States that measures hostile to 
American commerce were contemplated before this. 
In June a valuable ship called the " Mount Vernon" 
was captured off the capes of the Delaware by a 
French privateer from St. Domingo. This and other 
indignities roused the military spirit that had been 
slumbering since the Revolution. 

The Scotch-Irish settlers about Bellefonte being of 
a reading people, always have taken deep interest in 
political questions, particularly those which appealed 
to their patriotism. They were not slow in rallying 
to the support of the government, and, eminently 
practical, their first move was to form a military com- 
pany. The only names we can glean of the members 
of this company is from Esquire Petriken's daj'-book 
charges for making their uniforms; one pound, thir- 
teen shillings, nine pence was the cost of a uniform 
suit : 

Boggs, Robert. 
Civil, Samuel. 
Davids, Daniel. 
Dowling, Samuel. 
Filey, James. 
Goodfellcw, David. 
McGoven, William. 

McQuaid, James. 
Morien, Arthur, 
Keesides, James. 
Sliull, Philip. 
Spear, Otho. 
Summers, Uenry. 
Turner, Joseph. 

Miles Township. — As early as 1794 a petition was 
presented to the Quarter Sessions of Northumberland 

County for a division of Haines township, set- 
1797. ting forth that Penn's and Brush valleys were 

divided by a lofty mountain which renders 
communication diflScult, and praying that a division 
line be run along the Middle Mountain. The court 
appointed six commissioners, but their report cannot 
be found, or any record of the erection of Miles town- 
ship. The township, however, was organized in 1797, 
and an assessment made this year, upon which were 
the following taxable inhabitants : 

Adams, Jonatlmn. 
Andrews, Samuel. 
Apple, Andrew. 
Apple, Henrj'. 
Apple, John. 
Beeii, John. 
Bierly, .\ulhony. 

Bollander, Stepli 
Buchtel, Jol 
Buchtel, John, J 
Buchtel, I'eter. 
Clelland, Arthur 
Clelland, James. 
Erlle, Valentine. 


Oast, Christian. 

Cost, Nicholas. 

George, Joiin. 

Oramly, Fronds. 

Green, Samuel. 

Green, Thomas. 

Qutshall, Michael. 

Hazel, Barnet. 

ITazel, Jacob. 

Hess, Dewalt. 

Hull, Adam. 

Jessup, John. 

Johnston, 'William. 

Kern, Matthias. 

Kepler, Jacob. 

Kerman, Jacob. 

Krieger, Jacob. 

Kryder, John, Jr. 

McCammon, John. 

McKinney, John. 

McMullen, Bobert. 

Martin, William (shop-keeper). 

Allen, Uobert. 
Apple, Andrew, 
Bierly, Nichola 
Black, John. 
Buchtel, Martil 
Hazel, Jacob. 
Kepler, John. 

Meyer, Philip. 
Meyer, John. 
Miles, James. 
Miller, Adam. 
Moore, James. 
Njhart, Conrad. 
I'ickle, .lohn. 
I'iikle, Thomas. 
Pickle, Tobias. 
Prr-ston, Al.ijah. 
Reler, Abraham. 
SchaelTer, Nicholas. 
Shank, Dewalt. 
Shcnkle, John. 
Shenkle, Philip. 
Shively, Jidin. 
Shutt, Philip. 
Spangler, Christian. 
Wagoner, John. 
Walter, Jacob. 
Walter, Michael. 

Moore, John. 


, Patrick. 

Pickle, Christian. 
Pickle, John, Jr. 
Pickle, Tobias. 
Pickle, Simon. 
Spangler, George. 
Spangler, Jacob, Jr 

Allender, John. 
Armstrong, William. 
Berry, Jacob. 
Brown, Jacob. 
Brown, John (shoemaker). 
Bowerso.x, George. 
Carson, John. 
Carson, Robert. 
Charters, William. 
Cook, David. 
Dawson, James. 
Derflinger, John. 
Dunmcyer, Nicholas. 
Kspig, Christian (doctor). 
Graham, Patrick. 
George, John. 
Gray, David (one slave). 
Gunckel, Daniel. 
Gunckel, Philip. 
Gundy, Jacob. 
Hecknian, Peter. 
Hindman, Samuel. 
Housman, Andrew. 
Kreighbaum, John. 
Linn, Patrick. 

Lloyd, John. 
McBeath, John. 
McElwee, William. 
Mack, Rudolph. 
Martin, Robert. 
Minick, George. 
Mitchell, Jolin. 
Ox, Peter. 
Reed, Adam. 
Reed, Benjamin. 
Reed, Michael. 
Reynolds, James fretailer). 
Robb, John. 
Row, Dietiich. 
Scott, David. 
Sbafer, John. 
Shroyer, Jacob. 
Sowerwine, William. 
Spangler, John. 
Stroll, Frederick. 
Waldenberger, Daniel. 
Weaver, Michael, Sr. 
Weavei-, Michael, Jr. (retailer). 
Weaver, Adam. 
Williman, G.orge. 

Simjle JIfeii. 

Smith, James. 
Smith, William. 
Weise, David. 

, Henry. 

Bartges, William. 
Dunkel, Jacob. 
Carson, William. 
Harper, Jo!m. 
Hubler, Adam. 
Smith, Andrew. 

The first post-office established in Centre County 
was at Milesburg, March 13, 1797, and Joseph Green 
was appointed postmaster. Prior to this time the near- 
est post-otRce was Northumberland. Jesse Moore, of 
Potter, died in 1797; also Joseph Allender, of Bald 
Eagle. Allender's children were Alexander, Jame.", 
Joseph, and William, and four daughters. 



Bellefonte Forge (now Valentines & Co.) was erected 
by John Dunlop as early as 1798. John G. Lowrey 
was manager. A bill for iron, sent from Bellefonte 
Forge, June 19, 1798, to William Irvin, for ten hun- 
dred and ten pounds of bar iron, containing thirty- 
seven pieces, by James Lindsey, on account of John 
Dunloj), signed by John G. Lowrey, is still extant: 
1010 lbs., at $5.60, f56i=g'},. On the death of John 
Dunlop in 1815, these works were leased by the Valen- 
tine brothers and W. A. Thomas, and passed by pur- 
chase to them Oct. 1, 1821, in connection with John 
Dunlop's Logan Works and the mines, for $14,000. 
Samuel, Jacob, George, and Reuben were the Valen- 
tine brothers. The first rolling-mill was built by them 
and Mr. Thomas in 1824. In a letter from Col. Miles, 
addressed to Evan Miles, dated Dec. 27, 1798, he says, 
"I am trying to get some money for opening the 
Presque He Road and for the Bald Eagle Creek, but 
have very poor prospects. The bill for a new county 
was reported as unfinished business, but was postponed 
at the request of your own members. I shall not push 
it tills session for certain reasons." 



At the time of the accession of John Adams to 
the Presidency, March 4, 1797, party lines were 
drawn, and having been the candidate of Federalists, 
he and his measures were closely watched by a well- 
organized and very powerful opposition, known as 
the Republican party. The difficulties with the 
French Directory were the first to stare him in the 
face. The latter had treated our minister. Gen. 
Pinckney, in a very insulting manner, and he had re- 
tired to Amsterdam to await instructions. Outrages 
were committed upon our commerce by French ves- 
sels, and measures had to be taken without delay. , 

Congress was convened on the 15th of May. 
Among acts passed at this session was that of July 0, 

1797, laying duties on stamped vellum, parchment, 
and paper, which was very unpopular, principally on 
account of its title, as indicated in the following 
petition. Congress adjourned on the 10th of July, 
and the intolerance of the Directory continued ; fre- 
quent occasion was taken to insult the United States 
government, and in fact open wi'.r waged by the 
cruisers of France on our commerce. 

These indignities aroused public sentiment to such 
an extent that an act was passed May 28, 1798, .au- 
thorizing the President of the United States 

1798. to raise an army of ten thousand men for three 
years, of which Gen. ^Vashington was ap- 
pointed commander-in-chief June 25th. The act con- 
cerning aliens was passed, giving the President power 

to order aliens out of the United States, etc., and on 
the 6th of July, 1798, the act respecting alien enemies. 
These two acts, with that previously passed (June 18, 
1798) to amend the naturalization laws, requiring four- 
teen years' residence in order to become a citizen, are 
what were commonly known as the alien and sedition 

July 7, 1798, the act to declare the treaties hereto- 
fore concluded with France no longer obligatory 
upon the United States became a law, followed by 
acts to protect the commerce of the United States, etc. 

On the 9th of July, 1798, the other act referred to 
in the petition was approved. It provided for the 
valuation of lands and dwelling-houses, and created 
a host of commissioners, assessors, surveyors, and 
clerks. This was followed by the act of July 14, 
1798, imposing a direct tax of $2,000,000, of which 
the quota of Pennsylvania was $237,177^5%, on dwell- 
ing-houses and the lot ivhereon the same are erected, 
not exceeding ten acres in each case. Tills discrimination 
was in favor of holders of unseated or uncultivated 
lands, and was therefore obnoxious to the common- 
sense ideas of justice and fairness for which our Ger- 
man population are proverbial, as well as to their 
praiseworthy notions of economy in assessing and 
collecting the tax, evinced in their suggestion for 
Congress to direct the State to assess its population in 
the usual way. 

Congress adjourned on the 16th of July, and dur- 
ing the recess both Federalists and Republicans were 
actively engaged in measures for support or attack of 
the administration, and petitions were actively circu- 
lated among the people. Northumberland County 
was districted, and the following carefully-prepared 
petition was circulated in Haines township. It has 
no date, but is to be referred undoubtedly to the fall 
of 1798. The signatures marked with a * are in 
German, the body of the petition in English. 

In connection with this petition we have the inter- 
esting fact preserved by tradition that there was a 
prosecution under it against one at least of the in- 
habitants of what is now Centre County. Complaint 
was made against Thomas McComnion (McCalmont) 
for using seditious language, in 1798 or 1799. John 
G. Lowrey and Andrew Boggs, the lawyer, were sent 
down Nittany valley to arrest him. Mr. McCal- 
mont asked permission to go to the spring for a drink, 
and did not return. They were very glad lie did not, 
and returned to Bellefonte with a fixed resolution not 
to have anything more to do with the sedition law. 

" To [he Senate mid Honnf. of liepresentatU-es of the United States of 
AmP7-ica ill C<mijre»» uFSenihled. 

" The pt'litioii of tlio siibdcribers iiiliabitants of the couuty of North- 
iimberliuid, ill Ihe State of rolilisylvunia, 

*' RfspectfuUy Bhowcth 

" That while we are warmly attaclicd to the Union we cannot but ex- 
press our concern at several acts passed in the two last sessions of Con- 

"1st. The law for erecting a staniling arm}'. Whilst wo can assure 
your honorable body that wo are ready at any call to defend our country 
against any foreign enemy in case of on iuvasiou. 



"2d. The sedition n 
lore dlHUuion tlian u 

" 3d. The law for n 

id alien laws. Whilst we helieve them to produce 
lion, and to bear too much of the face of persc- 

a revenne on stamped vellum, parchment 
and paper. AVhite we believe the inconvenience of procuring and using 
stamped paper is too much felt by individuals, and the name of a stamp 
act odious to most Americans. 

"4tli. The law for a-seseing and coUectijig a direct tax, the great 
increase of revenue officei's, and the great expense necessary to levy and 
collect money under the new regulations are in our opinion serious ob- 
jections; but equal weight is the partiality which must necessarily 
attend its operation. 
"It is now welllviiown that the owners of houses in Pennsylvania will 
proportion to the value of their property tlian the 
ated lands. We think if Congress would direct each 
r proportion of the two millions of dollars in their 
own usual way, it would be less expensive and more equal. 

' " The humble prayer of your petiliouei-s, therefore, is that the subject 
we have mentioned may be taken into consideration by Congress, while 
wo deelare our desire that such a system of economy may be pursued as 
will be compatible with the dignity and security of our government, and 
that the wisdom of our Federal Legislature will select such methods of 
raising whatsoever revenue may be deemed necessary as will be least 
disagreeable to the pi-ople at large and best calculated to promote har- 
mony among the greatest body of our citizens." 

pay much ti 
holders of i: 
State to as- 

(Signed by) 

Christian Espich 
llichael Bollengi 
William Sowerw: 
John Young. 

*Nicholas Kurtz. 
*Kreilenck Ilennig. 
*Philip Danner. 
riiilip Dcwald. 
Iliehael Weaver. 
*IIenry Weiss. 
*Oeorgo Biecht [Bright]. 
*Geoige II. ss. 
Adam Ilul.ler. 
*I^liilip Franck. 



Jacob Larch. 
John Weaver. 
Lewis Wallmeier. 
Jacob Sheffer. 
*Weiland Schmitt. 
*John Krytzer. 
Jacob Skillman. 
*Ge.>rKe Miniiigh. 
»lichael Schafer. 
George Valor. 
Stophel Frank. 
Freclerick Kohler. 
*Johu Hesi. 
*Frantz lless. 
*Cliarles Hoy. 
♦Leonard Stephen. 
*George Kiesler. 
John Krilzer, Jr. 
*Jolin Herder. 
Valentine Eltel. 
♦Tobias Bickel. 
*Johu Punkel. 
*Adam Geho. 
Kicliolas Cast. 


an Cast. 

Anthony Wolf. 
•Daniel Master. 
George Wolf. 
George Wolf, Jr. 
♦Benjamin Rielf. 
Matthias Hess. 
♦Rudolph Mark, 
.^dam ^'eidigb. 

John Neidigh. 
♦Henry Wise. 
♦George Speis. 
Michael Wolf. 
Philip Gunckel. 
♦Jacob Killinger. 
♦George Trautner. 
Adam Smith. 
♦Jeremiah Trautner. 
♦Michael Meckel. 
♦Jacob Heltner. 
♦Adam Meckel. 
♦Jacob Browu. 
♦Samuel Herr. 
♦Frederick Stroh. 
James I>uncan. 
♦Daniel Gast. 
♦George Saartz. 
Patrick Linn. 
*,lacob Miller. 
♦Benjamin Uess. 
♦Samuel Herr. 
Adam Weaver. 
♦Dewalt Gast. 
♦George Schwartz. 
♦John Brown. 
Adam Harper. 
Philip Henny. 
Henry Harper, 
liobert McBeth. 
Andrew McBeth. 
John Hal per. 
♦George Bauersacker. 
Adam Harper, Jr. 
John Stover. 
♦Valentine Stover. 
Jacob Stover, Jr. 
Adam Stover. 
Jacob Stover. 
Frederick Stover. 
♦Michael Hess. 
Daniel Walterberger. 
♦Michael Hotz. 
John Dunk. 1. 
George Keisler. 
Michael He.«s. 
George Weis. 
Christian Stuun. 

Bolliiiger, Michael. IIe«B, David. 

Bright, George. Kern, 

Emerick, Christian. Lut/., 

Geho, Adam. Mcl'herson, John. 

Henney, Philip. Young, J.din. 


Brungart, Martin. Moore, Philip. 

Berry, Jacob. Meyer, Henry. 

Crane, David. Patterson, James. 

Duukel, Christian. Spangler, Peter. 

Little, John. Wortz. George. 

Lish, Zachariah. Wolf, George. 

Miller, Jacob. Wolfart, Philip. 

On the 1st of April, 1798, post-ofEces were estab- 
lished simultaneously at Aaronsburg and Bellefonte. 
James Duncan was appointed postmaster of the for- 
mer, and James Harris of the latter. 


Armstrong, William. Kreitzer, John. 

Bollinger, Michael. Mitchell, John. 

Bright, George. 0.\, Peter. 

Brown, John. Reynolds, James. 

Brown, John, Jr. Shaffer, Michael. 

Cliristmau, Felix. Shafer, Henry. 

Daneker, Peter. Smith, Adam. 

Dewalt, Philip. Smith, Wiant. 

Donner, Philip. Stephen, Leonard. 

Duncan, James. Storm, Christian. 

E«pich, Chiistian. Stroh, Frederick. 

Henny, Frederick. Wagoner, J.ihn. 

Henny, Philip. Weaver, Adam. 

Hess, George. Weaver, Micluiel. 

Iless, Samuel. Weiss, Henry. 

Kirk, Michael. Young, John. 


Albiight, Jacob. 
Beal, Dewalt. 
Deal, George. 
Buchler, John. 
Emerick, Casper. 
Fie, Henry. 
Fitler, Jacob. 
Grossman, Kichola 
Ilanse, Adam. 

Duukel, Jacob. 
Duukel, John. 
Ewing, John. 

Ilarter, John. 
Kister, George. 
Leiser, Matthias. 
Relgart, Joseph. 
Streby, John. 
Swartz, George. 
Weaver, John, Jr. 
Zetllemeyer, Godfrey. 

Single Freemen. 

Hess, John. 
Hed.linger, Jacob. 
Sweeney, Thomas. 

The act of March 1, 1780, abolished slaverj' within 
the State as to all persons thereafter born in the State, 
but there remained a number of registered 
slaves, and there were in 1799 a few jiersons 1799. 
within the limits of what is now Centre County 
who could be called slaveholders. The following 
advertisement is a relic of the institution : 

" 2s. Rewaed. 
" Ban away on the 2^ inst. Negroman John about 22 also negro girl 
named Flora about 18, Slender made speaks bad English andalillle 
French. Has a Scar on her upper lip and letters branded on her bre;ist, 
who ever secures the runaways in any place where their master &in get 
them shall have the above reward and reasonable charges paid by 

"John P.\ttox 
"Centre Fcbxace, Mifflin Cuu.nty 
"July 20,1799." 

1791.— Constable, R, Malone; Supervisors of Roads, William Swansey, 
Joshua Williams; Overseei-s of the Poor, I. Connelly, Thomas 



Supervisors of Roads, John Holt, 
•8 of the Poor, R. Malono, Robert 

1793.— Constable, Thomas Erski 

Christopher Ilelford; Oven 

1794.— Coiislable, ThomaBErskino; Supervisors of Roads, Robert Boggs, 

Thomas MfCommon ; Overseers of the Poor, AVilliam Lamb, Thomas 

171)5.— Constable, Thomas Wilson ; Supervisors of Roads, Robert Boggs, 

Christophor lielford; Overseers of the PoOr, Richard Malone, 

Henry McEwon. 
179G.— Constable, Juhn Holt; Supervisors of Roads, Francis McEwen, 

James Green ; Overseers of the Poor, James Packer, Joseph Allen- 

1797.— Constable, Joseph AUender; Supervisors of Roads, Christopher 

PeiglituI, Hugh Gallagher; Overseers of the Poor, James Miles, 

Pliilip Antes ; Fence- Viewers, Robert Boggs, Thomas Erskine; Au- 
ditors, R. DJiles, James Harris. 
1708.— Constable, William Riddles; Supervisors of Roads, James Dunlop, 

Frederick Leathers; Overseers of the Puor, Adam McKee, James 

Milfs ; Fence-Viewers, I. Connelly, James Packer j Assessors, Ilugli 

Gallagher, Philip Banner. 
1799.— Constable, William Connelly; Supervisors of Roads, R. Miles, J. 

Ilarbison ; Overeeers of the Poor, J. McCord, R. Gordon ; Assessors, 

J. Dunlop, James Green. 
1800.— Cunstable. William Connelly; Supervisors of Roads, Galbraith 

Knox, John Ilult; Overseers of the Poor, John Dunlop, James 

Miles; Assessors, Julin Uarbi&on, I^Iartiu Hoover. 



Population. — The census report for the year 1800 
indicates the number of inhabitants of those 
" portions of Mifflin and Lycoming Counties 

erected into Centre, as follows : 

B.ilil Engle aii.l Patton... 









s. Total 

(Luwei) B.iW E:\gh- 



Erection of Centre County and Boundary Lines. 

—Centre County was erected Feb. 13, 1800 (3 Smith's 
Laws, 407), with tlie following boundary: Beginning 
opposite the mouth of Quinn's Run, on the West 
Branch of the Susquehanna ; thence a straight line to 
the mouth of Fishing Creek ; thence to the northeast 
corner of Miles township (late Haines), including 
Nittany valley ; thence by the northeastern bounda- 
ries of the said township to the summit of Tussey's 
Mountain ; thence by the summit of said mountain, 
by the lines of Haines township in Northumberland 
County, Potter townsliip in Mitflin, and Franklin 
township in Huntingdon Ccjunty, to a point three 
miles southwest of the present line between Mifflin 
and Huntingdon Counties; thence by a direct line 
to the head of the Southwest Branch of Bald Eagle 
Creek ; thence a direct line to the head-waters of the 
Moshannon ; thence down the same to the Susque- 
hanna, and down the Susquehanna to the place of 

The northeast corner of Miles was the southeast 
corner of old Lamar, and Tusscy Mountain in the 

act must mean the Seven Mountains, which no doubt 
were considered a continuation of Tussey. Shortly 
after the erection of Potter, in 1774, its southern 
boundary must have been limited to the Seven 
Mountains, as the McNitts, who lived on the eastern 
portion of Armagh, disappear from the Potter assess- 
ment. But the processes of change of township 
boundaries cannot be traced by the records, and we 
are in doubt how the eastern line of Centre changed 
from a northwesterly line to a northeasterly line. 
When Hartley was erected, in 1811, the county line 
from the four-mile tree in the Narrows is spoken of as 
a south line. 

The change of direction of the northern portion of 
the east boundary line of Centre is explained by the 
annexation of some of the territory of Lycoming by 
act of Assembly of March 23, 1818. That part of 
Wayne township in Lycoming County which inckides 
the cast end of Sugar valley, beginning on the sum- 
mit of a mountain north of Sugar valley, at a water- 
pond on the division line between Lycoming and Cen- 
tre Counties ; thence an east course to the head- waters 
of Sinking Fishing Creek, including Henry Barner's 
farm ; thence a south course to the Union County 
line, .was annexed to Miles township. Centre County. 
This was the northeastern territory of the present 
township of Greene in Clinton County. 

However the change occurred, there was a difficulty 
and dispute about the line, arising from the fact, no 
doubt, that the act erecting Union County, March 22, 
1813, made no locally identified boundary, merely 
erecting all that part of Northumberland County lying 
on the west side of the river into a separate county to/ 
be called Union. 

The dispute was settled by the report of Jacob 
Kryder, of Centre County; James Dale, of Union; 
and John Hanna, of Lycoming County, who were 
authorized by act of Assembly, passed March 28, 1820, 
to employ two practical surveyors to run the division 
line between Union and Centre Counties, and the line 
agreed upon by the commissioners, or a majority of 
them, was to remain of record as the established line 
between the said counties. 

These commissioners, in a report dated May 23, 1820, 
state that they employed Abraham Weber, of Centre 
County, and Adam Wilt, of Union County, as sur- 
veyors, and that they ran and marked the line from 
Hendrick's saw-mill on Penn's Creek to the top of the 
mountain north of the Brush Valley road, according 
to a draft accompanying their report. 

The draft shows that they commenced at a spruce 
on the north side of Penn's Creek, opposite a small 
island, and ran N. 47° E. 40 perches to a spruce ; 
thence N. 83° E. 100 perches to a gum ; thence N. 
47° E. 1960 perches, crossing Cherry Run (twice), 
then Laurel Run, to the four-mile tree on the Penii'.s 
Valley road. At this point they have dotted " the 
old county line," as running across the road in the 
direction N. 22|° W. From the four-mile tree they 



ran N. 35°, 2250 perches to a pine north of Rapid 
Run and a little heyond the Brush Valley road. 

This was not the extent of the east line, hut proba- 
bly as far as settled the dispute. Just fifty years 
afterwards, April 1, 1870, R. F. Brown, of Union 
County; H. P. Treziyulny, of Centre; John Swart- 
zell, of Mifflin ; and Aaron K. Gift, of Snyder, were 
authorized by act of Assembly to run the boundary 
line between Union County and Centre, etc. (P. L. 

They reported Feb. 10, 1871, they had marked the 
line upon the ground and placed monuments at cor- 
ners and crossings of public roads : Beginning at the 
" Tea Spring" (which is on the Joseph Wister tract at 
John Zimmerman's, near head of Big Fisliing Creek), 
south forty-four and one-fourth degrees west five miles 
to a marked stone on south side of the public road in 
Brush Valley Narrows (about fifty perches west of 
where the road to McCall's mill enters the public road 
on the Jacob Sigfried tract) ; thence south thirty-eight 
and three-fourth degrees west seven miles to a marked 
stone on the north side of the turnpike in the Penn's 
Valley Narrows (on lines of Simon Snyder and Philip 
Gheer tracts) ; thence south forty-nine and a half de- 
grees west six miles and forty perches to a gum cor- 
ner, between counties of Centre, Mifflin, and Union 
(near the northwest corner of the Thomas Castoris 
survey; whole length of eastern boundary, eighteen 
miles and forty perches). 

The western and northern boundaries, being Mo- 
shannon Creek and the river down to Quinn's Run, 
need no remark ; from opposite Quinn's Run the 
boundary runs south to the mouth of Fishing Creek, 
and thence southeasterly along tlie old Lamar town- 
ship line to the old corner of Miles township, which, 
judging from the present maps, was somewhat east- 
ward of where Lamar (now Crawford), Wayne, and 
Greene townships, in Clinton County, corner. 

A change in the northern boundary resulted from 
an act passed March 27, 1819, providing that from 
and after the 1st of May next all thatj^part of the 
township of Bald Eagle beginning at the river oppo- 
site the mouth of Quinn's Run; thence along the 
division line of the counties of Centre and Lycoming 
one mile ; thence by a direct line to the mouth of 
Sinnemaiioning Creek, should be annexed to the 
county of Lycoming, that part opposite to the town- 
ship of Dunstable to be attached to that township, 
and that opposite to the township of Chapman to be 
attached to the township of Chapman. 

The line between Centre and Huntingdon was re- 
turned by James Hunter, Esq., the surviving com- 
missioner, as run and marked by himself and Robert 
Boggs, commissioners appointed under the act of Jan. 
7, 1801. They began at a B. O. on the top of Tussey's 
Mountain ; thence S. 58° W. 960 to a chestnut on the 
summit of Tussey's Mountain ; thence N. 70 W. 3494 
perches to a red-oak at the head-springs of Bald 
Eagle Creek, and the North Branch of the Little 

Juniata; thence North 84° W. 3640 to a red-oak at 
the head of Big Moshannon. 

Ahraham M. Elder, of Centre County, and Abed- 
nego Stephens, of Huntingdon County, two of the 
commissioners appointed by act of Assembly of lltli 
ofApril, 1848 (P. L., page 505), to run and mark the 
line between Blair and Centre Counties, reported Nov. 
IC, 1848, that they had run said line from a red-oak 
stump at the head-waters of the Juniata River and of 
Bald Eagle Creek S. 88} W. 4020 perches to the red- 
oak at the head of the Moshannon Creek. 

Joseph Deving, William P. Mitchell, and O. M. 
Irvine, commissioners appointed by the Courts of 
Quarter Sessions of Blair and Centre Counties, under 
the general act of April 17, 1876 (Pennsylvania Laws, 
42), made their report, filed Dec. 11, 1876, that they 
had commenced, Sept. 26, 1876, at the common cor- 
ner of Blair, Huntington, and Centre, where they 
found a pine stump and witnesses on the summit of 
Muncy Mountain (which is on a tract surveyed in the 
warrantee name of Christian Vanphole, warrant of 
8th of April, 1863). From this point they ran N. 
64] W. 246 perches to the head-waters of Bald Eagle 
Creek, where they made an elm corner. (This elm 
is on the Samuel Downing tract, warrant of 8th of 
December, 1784, about fifteen perches east of Dix 
Station, Lock Haven and Tyrone Railroad, which is 
on the division line between Samuel Downing and 
Joseph Downing warrantees, about 122 perches from 
their southern line.) From the elm they ran due 
west 3708 perches to the red-oak corner tree at the 
head of the Moshannon, bearing date of Elder and 
Stephen's survey of 1848. They re-marked the red- 
oak with witnesses to it. The corners and witnesses 
of Joseph Deving et a/, line are each marked by four 
notches, and the line trees by a blaze below a notch. 
Their terminus, the red-oak at the head-waters of the 
Moshannon, is on the Joseph Stroud warrant, Dec. 
26, 1793, on S. W. portion thereof. Running east 
from this red-oak the line enters what is known as 
the Morgan lands, at the N. W. corner of James 
Moore warrant, March 13, 1794, and passing through 
what is known as " the Moore settlement," crossing 
the Tyrone and Clearfield road south of Gardner's 
Station, leaving the Woomer heirs a little to the south 
of the line, enters the John Hoover warrant, Jan. 18. 
1794, at N. W. end, little south of its chestnut, and 
ends at the elm which is on the Susanna Lamb war- 
rant of 18th of January, 1794, Morgan tract, a little 
west of William Crane's house, between the public 
road and the railroad. 

The line as run in 1857 between Huntingdon, Mifflin, 
and Centre Counties, filed in the Quarter Sessions, 
Dec. 5, 1857, began at a white-pine on the summit of 
Muncy Mountain; ran south 68° E., at a mile and a 
quarter crossing Warrior Branch Run, between 6 and 
7 mile passing Pennsylvania Furnace, S mile W. O., 
9 mile Co. 0., to a stone heap 160 perches beyond 
(9 mile C. O.); thence N. 65° E. along top of Tussey's 



Mountain, at IJ miles crossing Indian path, 2 mile 
chest, oak, 3 mile chest, oak; thence crossing the 
road to Stone Valley, at 4 miles hemlock, five miles 
pine, 6 miles C. O., 7 mile white-pine ; at 7} miles 
changed course to N. 80 E. IGO to a white-pine; 
thence S. 40 E. 2 miles and 260 perches to a stone 
heap ; thence, skirting Big Meadow to the north, N. 
80 E., at 1} miles crossing path to Stone Valley, 2 
mile white-pine, 3 miles CO., and 150 perches to a 
stone heap for corner; thence S. 20 E., 1 mile through 
Big Kettle, to a stone-heap corner; thence North 60 
E., 1 mile pine, 2 mile a pine, then changed course N. 
65 E., one mile pine; thence N. 60 E. 73 perches; 
thence N. 45 E. 247 to pine ; thence over Bald Moun- 
tain N. 70 E., 2 miles B. O. at the turnpike to Lewis- 
town ; thence N. 75 E., at 1 mile yellow-pine, at 2 
mile CO. ; thence N. 60 E., 1 mile CO. ; thence N. 65° 
E. ; at 2 miles white-pine through path in Poe 
Valley at one-half mile, crossing Logan's path to 
a post-corner marked 12 mile; thence, at f of mile 
crossing Millheim turnpike, to 13 mile pine; thence 
same course 14 mile pine; thence to 15 mile white- 
pine, through tracts in the warrantee name of Ken- 
nedy, passing 16 mile white pine, 17 mile ch. o., 18 
mile w. pine near forks of Poe Creek and Swift Run 
■with Penn's ; thence N. 77° E. three miles to an old 
hemlock, corner north of Follmer's saw-mill, corner 
of Union County. This was surveyed and drafted by 
H. P. Treziyulny. No great reliance, however, can 
be placed upon the draught. He makes the distance 
from the Mifflin County line twenty-one miles to the 
Union County corner, which he specifies as a hemlock 
opposite to and 50 rods southward of the east line of 
William Harrison warrantee of 27th of March, 1793. 

An act of Assembly of 1835-36 provided that 
Daniel Hanna, of the county of Lycoming, Jos. F. 
Quay and Jacob Bolinger, of the county of Centre, 
be appointed commissioners to run and mark the 
division line between the counties of Centre and Ly- 
coming, beginning at the mouth of Fishing Creek; 
thence down the south side of Bald Eagle Creek to 
the Bald E.igle bridge (south of Lock Haven) ; thence 
to the dividing ridge between Nittany valley and 
Nippenose, so as to include all Nittany valley in 
Centre County ; thence a direct course to the Tea 
Spring, near the east end of Sugar valley. 

The final legislation upon the county line between 
Centre and Clinton was the act of Feb. 25, 1859, 
which authorized Joseph F. Quay, of Clinton County, 
and N.J. Mitchell and Henry P. Treziyulny, of Centre 
County, as commissioners to run the line, and the 
report of the said co7Hmissioiiera to be final and con- 

The report of Joseph F. Quay and Henry P. Trezi- 
yulny was filed, as directed by the act, on the 28th 
of November, 1859, and is as, follows : 

*' Beginning at a faUun sngar-tree corner on the lijink of tlie Snsque- 
liauiia Kiver, being acorneroftwo tracts of land surveyed in pnrsnance 
of warrants granted lo Itobert Iiwin and Josepb F. Quay, thence south 

four miles and two hundred and sixty perches to a stone heap, the south- 
west corner of tlie Martin Witbington survey ; then east along the divi- 
sion line of certain tracts of land (as per diagram on tile in the com- 
missioners* office) to a black-oak corner tree; thence south three miles 
to ac. o. corner tree, N. 60 E. two hundred and twenty perches to a hem- 
lock coiner; thence south thirty degrees east two miles and two hundred 
and forty perclies to a marked birch on tlie bank of Beech Creek ; thence 
down the middle of said creek, by the several courses thereof, eleven 
miles and iine-lnilf, to its junction with the Bald Kagle Creek; thenco 
crossing the Bald Kagle Creek, south thirty degrees east one hundred 
and ninety perches to a stone heap on topof Muncy Mountain, and along 
the top of said ridge south fifty-four degrees west one mile and fifty-six 
perches to a pine-tree; thence soutli twenty -nine degress east six miles 
and three hundred porches to a large stone Iioap on the tup of a moun- 
tain south of Sugar valley; thence north eighty degrees east four miles 
to a pine ; thence noi til eighty-five degrees east two and one-half miles 
to a pine; nortli eighty degrees east five and one-half miles to a pine; 
north seventy degrees east four miles to a double pine; thence north 
seventy-three degrees east three miles and two hundred and sixteen 
perches to a post at turnpike road leading from Loganville to the river, 
and along the said turnpike north forly-lliree west seventy-two perches 
to Tea Spring, the head of Fishing Creek.** 



AViLLlAM SWANSEY, Robert Boggs,' and Andrew 
Gregg,' the trustees specified in the act of Assembly 
erecting the county, met at Bellefonte on the 31st of 
July, 1800. A conveyance for one-half of the tract of 
land on which the town of Bellefonte was laid out, 
including a moiety of the lots in said town, as well as 
those sold or those not sold, was presented by James 
Dunlop and James Harris, Esqs., according to their 
bond given to the Governor. It was agreed that the 
sale of the lots should be indiscriminate, and the money 
arising therefrom should be divided equally between 
the proprietors and trustees, and that on the first 
Monday of September the residue of the part un- 
divided in the town should be laid out in lots of two 
and a half acres each and sold at public auction. It 
was also agreed that it would be injurious to the in- 
terest of the inhabitants to erect the prison in the 
public square, and that application should be made to 
the Legislature to vest the trustees with discretionary 
power to erect the prison in any other part of the town. 
On the 1st of September they met again, articled with 
Col. Dunlop and Mr. Harris for payment of one-half 
of the pi'ocecds of lots to be sold, and contracted with 
Hudson Williams to build the prison on such lotas 
should be designated. It was to be thirty feet long 
and twenty-five feet wide in the clear. Among other 
specifications, "there shall be an apartment in the 
cellar for a dungeon; said dungeon shall be twelve 
feet by nine in the clear, covered above with hewed 
logs laid close together under the plank of the floor, 
and a proper trap-door to let into the dungeon." The 

1 John G. Lowrey appointed March 4, 1S07, rice Robert Boggs, deceased. 

2 Andrew Gregg resigned, and Junics Potter (judge) appointed iu his 
place Feb. C, 1804. 



contract price for the jail was one thousand one hun- 
dred'and sixty-two dollars. 

The first court held in Bellefonte was the Quarter 
Sessions of November, 1800, before Associate Judges 
James Potter and John Barber, when, upon motion of 
Jonathan Walker, Esq., the following attorneys were 
qualified: Jonathan Walker, Charles Huston, Elias 
W. Hale, Jonathan Henderson, Robert Allison, Robert 
F. Stewart, William A. Patterson, John Miles, David 
Irvine, W. W. Laird, and John W. Hunter. 

The January sessions, 1801, were also held by Judge 
Potter and his associates; constables appearing for 
Upper Bald Eagle, William Connelly ; Lower 
1801. Bald Eagle, Samuel Carpenter; Centre, John 
McCalmont; Haines, Philip Frank; Miles, 
Stephen Bolender; Potter, Thomas San key ; Patton, 
Christian Dale. The following persons were recom- 
mended for license as inn-keepers : John Matthias 
Beuok, Aaronsburg ; Robert Porter, Franklin ; Thomas 
Wilson, Centre; James Whitehill, Potter; and Philip 
Callahan, Aaronsburg. 

Feb. 24, 1801, John Hall, David Barr, and Matthew 
Allison, county commissioners, levied the first county 
tax, amounting to seventeen hundred and fifty-five 
dollars and fifty cents. 

The first grand jury was assembled to April ses- 
sions, 1801, when the president judge, James Riddle, 
appeared on the bench for the first time in the county. 
The names of these jurors were William Swansey, 
Esq., James Harris, Esq., Philip Benner, Richard Ma- 
lone, John Ball, David Barr, William Kerr, Esq., 
Michael Bolinger, Esq., James Whitehill, William 
Irvine, John Irvin, William Earley, Esq., James 
Newall, Samuel Dunlop, Alexander Read, Gen. John 
Patton, John M. Beuck, James Reynolds, Michael 
Weaver, and Felix Chrisman. 

Additional persons recommended for license : Hugh 
Gallagher and Benjamin Patton, Bellefonte; Jacob 
Kepler and John Benner, Potter; John Motz and 
William Sowerwine, of Haines. 

The first case of notoriety, particularly from the 
array of counsel concerned, was George McKee m. 
Hugh Gallagher, 18th August, term 1801. McKee 
kept a tavern in a stone house on the lot where Thomas 
Reynolds now resides ; Gallagher, in a long frame 
house which stood in the lot now occupied by D. G. 
Bush, Esq. A wagon loaded with whiskey in barrels 
did not stand overnight in front of McKee's, as some 
one took out the pinnings, and it rushed, like the 
swine of old, down the declivity into the creek, and 
the whiskey floated off with its waters. Hi7ic illce 

The case, however, was slander. Gallagher said 
George McKee stole Samuel Lamb's saddle-bags. 
The counsel who appeared for McKee were Foulke, 
Reed, J. Dunlop, S. Duncan, Wallace, T. Duncan, 
McCullogh, Thompson, Miles, McClure, Kidd, Irwin, 
Allison, and Patterson. For Gallagher appeared Stew- 
art, Walker, Henderson, Rose, Huston, Hastings, 

Clark, Hall, Laird, Bonham, Gemmill, Burnside, 
Bogga, Orbison, Cadwalader, Canan, Smith, Carpen- 
ter, H. Dunlo]), Dean, Hepburn, and Bellas. After 
exhausting all the tactics known to lawyers in attack 
and defense, the case was finally marked settled. 

At the same sessions, upon the application of the 
grand jury, William Connelly was brought before the 
court for contempt in not attending upon them prop- 
erly, and for locking them up in the county prison 
and detaining them there a long time. 

Matthew Allison, Esq., John Dunlop, and Jacob 
Skillman were each fined six dollars for default after 
being duly summoned as grand jurors ; the first two 
named, however, were heard on oath, and the fine re- 
mitted. James Dunlop, Esq., another grand juror, 
was excused from attendance. 

Road Petitions, 1801. — January, 1801, upon the 
petition of William Tate for road from his house to 
the great road leading from Cadwallader's mills to 
the town of Bellefonte, Thomas Thompson, Philip 
Benner, Abraham Elder, James Hamilton, Peter 
Gray, and David Whitehall, Jr., were appointed as 
viewers, etc. 

Petition of Philip Benner, of Spring township, for 
road from his new rolling- and slitting-mill (on the 
west branch of Spring Creek) to Centre Furnace. 
The court appointed as viewers John Ball, Jacob 
Houser, James Whitehill, Robert Moore, Christian 
Dale, and Michael Jack. 

Petition of Christian Dale, of Patton township, for 
a road from his grist- and saw-mill on Spring Creek, 
" on the straightest and best direction, till it intersects 
Pittsburgh road, near Gen. Patton's." The court 
appointed James McFaddin, Thomas Ferguson, 
Enoch Hastings, Christopher Ketley, Adam Lever, 
and James Watson to view the premises, etc. At 
November sessions, 1801, Philip Benner, Michael 
Jack, James Newell, Abel Moore, Samuel Dunlop, 
and Thomas Ferguson, Esq., were appointed to review 
the ground, the road not having been laid out as per 
order of January sessions. 

April, 1801. — Petition of sundry inhabitants of 
Potter and Miles townships for a road " beginning 
at the Brush valley road near Robert Pennington's ; 
thence over said Nittany Mountain, through what is 
called Connelly's Gap, the nearest and best way to 
Milesborough." Viewers appointed by the court, 
Robert McKim, Alexander Johnston, William Ir- 
wine, Isaac Connelly, John Harbison, and Philip 

Petition of sundry inhabitants of Centre County 
for a road on the north side of Bald Eagle Creek, 
from Michael Shank's to the bridge over the Bald 
Eagle at Milesborough. John Dunlop, William Mc- 
Ewen, Esq., Thomas McCalmont, Esq., James Smith, 
William Thompson, and James Dunlop appointed 

August, 1801.— Petition of sundry inhabitants of 
Potter and Haines townships for a road from the 



great road near Ebenezer Miles', in Brush valley, to 
intersect the great road near David Craig's, in Penn's 
valley. John Crees, John Deberman, Archibald Al- 
lison, Evan Miles, David Crage, Adam Resil. 

Petition of sundry inhabitants of Centre township 
for a road from William Tipton's store-house to John 
Millers & Crows' mill. William McEwen, Esq., John 
Thompson, Philip Antes, James Miles, William 
Swansey, Esq., and Joseph McKibben. 

November sessions, 1801. — Petition of inhabitants 
of Spring and Centre townships for " a good road 
from James Miles' through Antes' Gap to Philip 
Antes' mill." Thomas McCalmont, Esq., William 
McEwen, Esq., Joseph Steer, George McKee, John 
Harbison, and Robert Gordon appointed viewers. 

Upper Bald Eagle or Spring Township.— The 
name of Upper Bald Eagle was changed to Spring 
in 1801. It embraced all of the present townships of 
Spring, Benner, Union, Snow Shoe, and Burnside, 
and all of Boggs except a strip along its eastern 
boundary, and the following is a copy of the taxables 
resident in the township : 

Achison, Juliu. 
Ackley, Joseph. 

Adams, Kichard (house and lot). 
Alexander, Joseph. 
Alexander, Williuni (hatter, Belle- 

Allender, Ale 


Allender, James. 

Armstrong, Daniel. 

Heard, George. 

Boadle, Benjamin. 

Benn, Henry. 

Benner, Philip (forge, griat- and 

Biggs, Alexander. 
Boggs, Andrew (saw-mill on Buf- 
falo Run). 
Boggs, Robert, Esq. 
Bogg.', Robert, Sr. (Spring Creek). 
Bowles, Francis. 
Bradley, Daniel (died in 1802). 
Buffinglou, Isaac (carpenter). 
Burns, Robert (trade). 
Burris, James. 
Carey, Richard (weaver). 
Caskey, John. 
Coleman, B;irtholomew (h< 

lot, miller). 
Connelly, Isaac, Esq. {< 
Connely, WilliaDi. 
Creps, Adam (weaver). 
Curtin, Roland (house 

Davidson, Alexander. 
Dunlop, Col. James (he 

Dnnlop, John (forge, 

saw -mill; furnace if 

in 1803). 
Emmoubeiser, John. 
Evans, Thomas (mnjor). 
Ferguson, James. 
Fetzer, Henry (weaver). 
Flegal, Valentine. 
Fleming, Jane, widow (li 

two lots). 
Foster, James (I; 

Milesborongh, w 

; and 

} slave). 


nd lot, 

grist- and 
first taxed 



Foster, William (trade; died in 

Gallagher, Hugh (one honsp, five 
lots, Bellefonte, tavern-keeper). 

Gates, Henry. 

Gordon, Robert. 

Graham, John. 

Green, James (liouse and lot, tav- 

Green , Joseph (liouse and lot, 
Blilesbo rough, tavern-keeper). 

Green, Thomas (boose and lot). 

Hall, John (house and lot, Belle- 
fonte, blacksmith). 

Harbison, Jolin. 

Harris, James. 

Hartshorne, Benjamin (tanner). 

Hinton, William. 

Hildebrand, Samuel. 

Holt, John. 

Hoover, John. 

Hoover, Martin. 

Houser, Jacob (grist- and saw- 

Huey, Robert. 

Kean, John. 

Kinear, Henry. 

Kinear, Thomas (trade). 

Kjler, Conrad (house and lot, 

Kline, Nicholas (weaver). 

Knox, Galbraitli. 

Lee, William (house and lot, shoe- 

McClain, Charles. 

McClelland, Thomas (house and 

McCord, John (honse and lot). 

McCormick, Samuel (saw-iuill in 

McDonald, John. 

McKee, Adam (one house, two lots, 
and distillery). 

McKee, George (trade and lot, dis- 

McKerrighan, Widow (house and 
two lots). 

McMiueny, Patrick. 

McMuUen, William (trade, house 

Eockey, Jacob (died in 1810). 

and lot). 

Robeits, Kdward. 

Malone, Richard. 

Scott, John. 

Martin, John (house and lot). 

Shark, John. 

Miles, Evan (house and lot, tailor). 

Shark, Jacob. 

Miles, James. 

Simpson, Nathaniel. 

Miles, Richard (one grist- and 


Smith, James, Sr. (still). 


Siuilh, James, Jr. 

Miles, Capt. Samuel (liouse 


Stepliens, Leonard (house and lot. 



Miles, James Little (shoemaker. 

Leets, John. 

house and lot). 

Thomas, Thomas. 

Miles, William (house and lot and 

Treaster, Michael. 


Turner, Daniel (forge, grist- and 

Neal, William (ciirpenter). 

saw-mills, now Roopsburg). 

Noble, Jacob (carpenter). 

Underwood, William. 

Parsons, David, 

Updegrove, Isaac. 

Parsons, Isaac. 

Vanawl, John. 

Parson.'*, Thomas. 

Walker, Andrew. 

Patterson, Samuel (house and 


Wallace. Robert (cooper). 
Wallers, William (cooper). 

Peight, Joseph. 

Welch, Joseph. 

Petrikeu, William (house and 


Williams, George (house and lot, 

tailor, Bellefonte). 


Pettit, William (house and 


Williams, John. 


Williams, Joseph (tan-yard). 

Pixler, Henry (trade). 

Williams, Joseph (foreman). 

Ramsixy, James. 

Williams, Capt. Joshua. 

Reamy, Conrad. 

Wilson, William. 

Resides, James. 

Wilherite, Michael. 

Riddle, William (house and 


Woods, John (cooper). 

mason, Bellefonte). 

Young, William (saw-mill in 1803). 


ij/Ze Freemen, 

Beatly, William (clerk). 

Low, James (trade). 

Bowels, David. 

Lowrey, John G. (clerk). 

Bowels, William. 

McKee, John (shoemaker). 

Calahan, Patrick (tailor). 

McNeely, John (mason). 

Calvin, Matthew (nailer). 

Mackey, Robert. 

Coulter, William. 

Marson, Yost. 

Dowliug, Samuel (collier). 

Mendenhall, William (house and 

Tetzer, Michael. 


Graham, Francis. 

Miles, Enos. 

Gniham, John. 

Miles, George. 

Harris, William, Dr. (Bellefonte). 

Miles, Jeshar (cabinet-maker, 

Huey, John (carpenter). 


Huey, Thompson. 

Miles, John (lawyer, Bellefonte). 

Hutchinson, James (smitli). 

Parsons, John. 

Hutchinson, John (carpentei) 

Pearce, Absalom (smith). 

Hutchinson, Samuel (caipeiiter). 

Treaster, Michael, Jr. 

Hutton, John, 

Stewart, Robert T. (lawyer, Belle- 

Irvine, David (lawyer, Bellefonte). 


Jones, Isaac (millwright). 

Vane, Mandeville. 

Kyler, Leonard. 

Updegrove, Isaac. 

Lee, Abraham (carpenter). 

Waddle, Thomas (clerk). 

Lee, Isaac (mason). 

Williams, Hudson (mason). 

Lee, Jacob. 

Zdnzinger, John. 

The quota of county tax for Upper Bald Eagle, or 
Spring, was $199.87. 

Lower Bald Eagle Township. — Lower Bald Eagle 
township in 1801 was bounded on the north and east 
by the river and the Lycoming County line, south by 
Nittany Mountain, west by a diagonal line running 
from the top of Nittany at Logan's Gap to the mouth 
of Beech Creek, thence up Beech Creek about thirty- 
five miles to the river. It therefore included the 
eastern (triangular) half of Walker, and a small 
triangle of Marion in Centre County, all of Porter, 
Lamar, and Bald Eagle townships, and northern end 
of Greene, and parts of Beech Creek, Chapman, and 
Grugau in Clinton County. 



The following were inhabitants in 1801 : 

Allison, Miitthew. 

Linn, Patrick (tailor). 

Biiin, John. 

Long, Jacob (tailor). 

Bodlo, Robert. 

McCIoskey. Joscl)h. 

Bolt, Jolin. 

McGaw, William (weaver) 

Dojce, Francis (blnck^mitli). 

lIcKibliu, David. 

Bojd, James (snw-mill). 

McKibbin, J.>seph. 

Bressler, George (two grist- and 

McKibWn, William. 

two Siiw-niill3). 

McMurray, William. 

Brown, Samuel. 

Blackey, Joseph. 

Brownlee, John. 

Miller, William. 

Caniphell, Allen. 

Montgomery, Willi im. 

Campbell, Cleary. 

Moore, William (still). 

Carpenter, Samuel, 

Morrison, Ale.tander. 

Curry, James. 

Morrisou, .Joseph. 

David, Daniel. 

Motz, Jacob. 

Davis, Joshua. 

Packer, Jacob. 

Dickey, Moses. 

Peoples, Nathaniel. 

Kvans, Jonathan (tanner). 

Pletclier, Samuel. 

Fares, Joel. 

Porter, Samuel. 

Fearon, John. 

Quay, Robert. 

Fiu.*, Knos. 

Reed, William. 

Foster, James 

Richards, Casper (two stil 

Fullertun, Thomas. 

Robinson, Alexander. 

Furst, George. 

Sa.vton, Samuel. 

Furoy, John. 

Sheaffer, Andrew. 

Gamble, James. 

Shields, John (tailor). 

Goodfellow, David. 

Spangler, John. 

Coodfellow, Thomas. 

Spanglcr, Peter. 

Gundy, Henry. 

Stewart, Archibald. 


Stephenson, John. 

ll:iys, James. 

Swinelieart, .Jacob. 


Templuton, Wiliiam. 

Hays, Robert. 

Viuegar, John (miller). 


Wants, George. 

Huff, Nathaniel (saw-mill). 

Watson, David. 

Hunt, William. 

Watson, John. 

Jobn.itoii, Catherine. 

Watson, William. 

Johuston, Joseph. 

Weaver, Andrew. 

Johnston, Joseph. 

Williams, Amos. 

Landenslager, Henry. 

Williams, Ellis. 

].eecb, Matthew. 

M'ilson, Sauiuel. 

Limber, Uiuhard (blacksmith). 

Yost, John. 

Lindsay, Muiigo. 



Allison, William. 

Jliller, James. 

B..yce, Thomas. 

Miller, John (weaver). 

Brownlee, Joseph. 

Mullen, John. 

D.ivid, Isiiac. 

Mullen, Patrick. 

David, James. 

Mullen, Philip. 

Dunlop, David. 

Fletcher, Samuel. 

F,-arou, William. 

Pletcher, William. 

Fryer, Thomas. 

Roush, John. 

Grier, John. 

Steel, James (cutler). 

Hess, .lacob. 

Wartinan. JIalthias. 

Larew, George. 

Findley, Matthew (distille 

Miller, Caleb 

Fiudley, James (distiller) 

In 1804, Joel Herr erected a grist- and saw-mill, 
which passed to John McGee in 1813. In 180-t also 
Nathan Harvey came in, and opened a store and mill 
in 1805; he built his forge in 1812. Dr. Alexander 
Lindsay is the first physician noticed in 1801; Dr. 
Joseph G. Andrew in 1806. John P. de Haas came 
on the list in 1807. John Fredericks' tavern, 1808. 
Robert Quay, grist- and saw-mill, 1809. John Dun- 
lop and William Beatty, store at Washington Mill in 
1810. The furnace in 1811, and the forge in 1813. 
Nathan and Samuel Harvey's fulling-mill iu 1815, as 
also Henderson & Quiggley's. 



In April, 1798, the inhabitants of Bald Eagle,' in 
Mifflin County, petitioned for a division of that town- 
ship equally by a line from the mouth of Antes Run 
up the said run to the head thereof, and from thence 
a southeast course to Potter township, and also from 
the mouth of said run (Curtin Station) a northwest 
course to the Susquehanna. At April sessions, 1799, 
the township was divided accordingly, and the di- 
vision adjoining Lycoming County named " Centre 
township," the other part to retain the former name. 
Centre township therefore embracetl the western half 
of the present township of Walker by a diagonal line 
running from Logan's Gap (now called Hecla Gap) 
towards Jacksonville, and all of Marion west of the 
same line continued towards the mouth of Beech 
Creek, all of the present townships of Howard, Lib- 
erty, and Curtin, and that part of the present town- 
ship of Beech Creek, Clinton County, lying west of a 
line running from about the mouth of Big Run to the 
south bank of the river about a mile southwest of the 
mouth of the Sinnemahoning, and a strip three- 
fourths of a mile wide along the east side of Boggs, 
Snow Shoe, and Burnside townships. 

The first officers of this township were: Constable, 
William Wilson ; Supervisors, David Lamb and 
Thomas Askey ; Overseers, Thomas Wilson and 
Henry McCalmont ; Assessor, John McCalmont and 
John Thompson; Auditors, Francis McEwen and 
John Mitchell. 

The territory above was called Centre township 
until January, 1810, when Howard and Walker were 
formed out of Centre, and the latter name disappears. 

First rate land valued at three dollars per acre; 
second rate at two dollars ; third rate, one dollar ; 
fourth at fifty cents per acre ; average rate per cent., 
five mills. 

Adams, Williai 
Antes, Philip, 

'iO acres cleared, cabin, 2 cows. 

'-milf, 40 acres cleared and house, 'J horses. 


Arthurs, Thomas, 10 a 
Askey, Thomas, 60 aci 
,\skey, William. 
Aston, Samuel, 60 acre 
Baker, John, 10 acres 
Bathurst, Lawrence, 3 
Beck, Samuel, 10 acre 

>s cleared and cabin, 
cleared, 2 houses. 

i cleared laud, 2 cabins. 

cleared and cabin 

Beightol, David, 50 acres cleared, he 

'-mill, 2 stills, 2 horses, G cow.*? 

Buyers, Jacob, 20 acl 
Cole, Samuel, 30 acn 
Dawson, James, 20 a 
Belong, David, .30 ac 
Dougherty, Abel, 10 
F.eetz, Paul, 5 acres 
Fulton, James. 20 ac 
Fulton, Peter, 3 cow 
Fulton, William, 3 c 

■es cleared ami cabin. 
!s cleared and cabin, 
cres cleared and cabin, 
res cleared and house, 1 co> 
acres cleared and house, 4 i 
cleared and cabin, 2 cows, 
res cleared, 2 cabins, 4 coW! 

• " Bald Eagle," of Mifflin County, was, before 17S3, known as " Upper 
Bald Eagle," of Northumberlaud Couuty. 



Giirduer, Jolin.lo acre 

B cleftreil and cabin, 3 cows. 

Skeltun, James, 15 ac 


trod, cabin, 1 horse, 2 calves. 

Gnilmni, FriinciH, 3 co 


Steere, James, 1 Iiors 

,1 co\ 

Gregg, Siinnie], 20 acre 

s cleared, cabin, 3 cows. 

Sleere, Josepli, 15 aci 

ea cU^a 

red, cabin, 2 stills, 3 horsps, 4 cows. 

Gunsiilus, Kicliiti-il, 30 

ici-ea cleared, house, I liors 

, 4 cows. 

Steele, Tiiomas, 1 lio 


Harrison, James, 8 

llelford, ChriatoplK 

Hoover, Michael, 2 

Hunter, Tliomas, 1 

Jacob, George, 10 a 

Jones, Peter, 10 acl 

Kunos, Daniel, 4 C( 

Lamb, David, saw-i 

Lamb, John, 20 acres 

Lamb, Samuel, 20 acri 

Lamb, William, 1 cow 

Leatliers, Daniel, 20 a 

Leathers, Jacob, 50 ac 

Ligget, George, Sr., 5C 

Ligget, George, Jr., 1 

Ligget, Thomas, 1 co\ 

Lucas, Baptist, 15 acre 

Lucas, Benedict, 20 ac 

Lucas, Benjamin, 18 a 

Lucas Charles, 10 acr 

Lucas, Joseph, 20 acre 

McUalmont, John, Sr., 30 acres cb 

McCalmont, John, Jr., 13 acres clc 

McCalmont, Tliomas, Sr., 30 acres 

McCalmont,, Jr., 1 cow. 

McElheny, John, 15 acres cleared 

McClelland, Robert, grist-mill, s» 

cleared, cabin, 1 horse, 2 ci 
iicrcs cleared, house, 2 hori. 

'es cleared and cabin. 

i cleared and cabin, 2 cows. 

11, 15 acres cleared, house, 1 hors 
; cleared, cabin, 3 cows. 
les cleared, cabin, 4 cows. 

acres cleared, house, 1 horse, 2 C( 
cres cleared, house, 2 horses, 6 co 
acres cleared, 1 horse, 3 cows. 

cleared and cabin, 1 horse. 1 cow. 
!S cleared and cabin, still, 1 horse, 5 cowa. 
■es cleared, 1 horse, 
cleared, cabin, 2 c^wa. 
cleared and cabin, 1 horse, 2 cows. 

lared anil cabin, 1 horse, 3 cows. 

ared, cabin. 1 liorse, 3 cows. 

cleared, still, I horse, 5 cow's. 

lill, and still, 30 i 

McClure, .lames, Sr., 
McClnre, John, Sr., 5 
McClure, Jonathan, 1 cow. 
McCrea, Anna, widow, 1 cow. 
McEwen, Francis, 20 acres cleared 
McEwen, Henry, Sr., griat- and Si 

s cleared, cabin, 4 cows, 
leared, cabiu, 1 horse, 4 cows. 

:aliin, 1 horse, 4 cows. 

v-mill,30 acres cleared, 2 horses, 3 

McEwen, Henry, Jr., 1 cow. 

McGee, James, 25 acres cleared, cabin, 4 cows. 

McGee, John, 15 acres cleared, cab*. 

McKee, William (Lick Run), 20 acres cleared, cabin, 1 horse, 3 cows 

McKee, William (Fishing Creek), 30 acres cleared, house, 2 liorsi 

McKinney, Isaac, 20 acres cleared, house, 1 horse, 2 cowa. 

Morton, Robert, 1 cow. 

Marsden. John, 20 acres cleared, house, 1 horse, 3 cows. 

Miller, John and Krause, grist- and saw-mill, 5 acres cleared, 1 hon 

es cleared, cabin. 

icres cleared, cabin, 1 horse, 3 cow 
icres cleared, cabin, I horse, 2 cow 
cleared, cabin, 1 horse, 4 cows, 
■es cleared, cabkii, 1 horse, 3 cowa. 

ired, house, 2 horses, 5 ci 

cleared, cabin. 

, 25 acres cleared, cabin, 

Milligan, Samuel, 4.7 aci 

Mitcliell, David, Sr, 10 

Mitchell, David, Jr , 40 

Mitcliell, John, 10 acres 

Mitchell, Samuel, 10 ac: 

Moore, Hamilton, 1 com 

Moore, John, 1 cow. 

Neff, John, 23 acres cler 

Ncwley, John, 30 acres 

Nesselrode, Christopher 

Packer, Aaron, 20 acres 

I'acker, Amos, tan-yard 

Packer, James, Sr., 10 ii 

Packer, James, Jr. 

Pletclier, Henry, 20 acres cleared, cabii 

Kind, AnibioBc, 15 aiTea cleared, 1 li.iri 

Ilorabangli, Simon, 25 acres cleared, ho 

Ross, Thomas, 20 acres cleared, 1 hors( 

Ryan, John, 1 cow. 

Sample, William, 5 acres cleared, cabir 

Sclieitck, Frederick, 15 acres cleared, li 

Schenck, Joliii,l cow. 

Schonck, Michael, Sr., 30 acres cleared, cabin, 1 

Schenck, Michael, Jr., 1 horse, 2 cows. 
Schenck, Daniel, 20 acres cleiired, 2 horses, 1 cow. 
Sharrock, David, 10 acres cleared, cabi:i, 1 coW. 

cleared, cabin, 1 horse. 

le, I ho 

, 70 acres cleared, 1 lionse, 2 horse 
, 1 horse, 2 cows. 

ea cleired, cabin. 1 horse, 4 cows, 
acns cleared, cabin, 2 stills, 1 hoi 

and lot of 2 acres. 

acres cleared, 1 cabin, 1 cow. 

cleared, 1 cabin, 1 horse, 1 cow. 

'8 cleared, house, 2 horses, 4 cowa. 
I acres cleared, house, 3 cattle. 

Sloner, Isaac, grist- a 

Swanney, William, Ei 

Templeton, John, call 

Thompson, John, 20 n 

Thompson, William,: 

Tipton, David, 2 cows 

Tiplon, William, lioiii 

Veiiner, Christopher, 

Wills, William, 8 acri 

Wilson,, 1 horse 

Wilson, Thomaa, 60 ai 

Wilson, William, Sr., 

Yariiell, Samuel (Ijlacksmith), 1 cow. 

Young, Robert, 20 acres cleared, 1 cabin, 1 cow. 

(Single freemen are each ta.xed 50 cents ; clerks and those lis 
23 cents in addition.) 
Askey, John. 
Askey, Robert. 
Askey, Samuel (carpenter). 
Fulton, Alexander. 
Laurey, George. 

McCalmont, Henry (blacksmith). 
McCalmont, Thomas (.lohu). 
McEwen, William. 
McKee, Thomaa. 
Marsden, Justice. 
Mitchell, Robert. 
Mitchell, Thomas. 
Packer, James. 
Tipton, William. 
Wilson, Thomas. 
Wilson, William. 

The proportion of taxes for Centre township for the 
vear 1801 was one hundred and seventy-four dollars. 

Haines Township. — Haines township in 1801 in- 
cluded that portion of Gregg (now) south of 
Brush Mountain and east of a line running 
through Spring Mill to the head of Penn's Creek, 
and all of Penn township. 

In that year its inhabitants were : 



Albright, Jacob (gun 
Albright, Jacob (wea 
Allison, Archibald. 
Armstrong, William (wago 

Anmen, Philip. 
Beainer, Adam. 
Beil, George. 

Bertins, William (or Bart is). 
Bench, John M. (inn-keepei). 
Bollinger, Michael (spiiiuin 

wheel maker). 
Bower, Jacob. 

Bowersox, George (blacksmith). 
Boyer, George. 
Bresaler, Michael (tailor). 
Bright, George (hatter). 
Brown, John (shoemaker). 
Brown, John (blacksmith). 
Urown, Jacob (weaver). 
Buchler, John. 
Burlier, Henry. 
Carson, Robert. 
Carson, John. 
Christnian, Felix (ii 
Clingler, Adam. 

Collier, William (mas 
Colman, Jacob (wago 


. Henry. 

Cook, James (grist- ar 
Dunan, .tames (l.soii). 
Dewalt, Philip (house 
Doniier, l'liili|i(slioen 
Dornnieyei . Jacob. 
Diiriiiiieyer, LinUvig. 


I -maker). 

ind li.t). 


, Nichola 

nineyer, Pete 


Duncan, Juliies (store-keeper). 

Duiikel, Melclnor. 

Elneiicll, Casper. 

Eniericli, Kichiilas (blacksmith). 

Emerich, Chiisti.iii. 

Ewing, Arcliibald. 

Filler, Jacob. 

Falgate, Thomas (or Folger). 

Franck, Philip. 

Fryberger, John. 

Ceho, Adam. 

Geisweit, John. 

George, Adam. 

Gephart, l%:hael (tanner, Mill 

Green, Joseph. 



Grenoble, Jacob. 

Motz, John (grist- and saw-mill). 



Grahom, Patrick. 

Motz, Michael. 

Dunkle, Jacob. 

McCormick, Robert, 

Grove, Josepli. 

MuBsir, Daslian. 

Dunkle, Henry. 

Paley, Elijah. 

Grove, Samuel. 

Miis.4er, Daniel. 

Kwing, John. 
Gerhard, Stophel. 

Grossman, Nicliolas (grist- anil 

Mnsscr, Jacob. 

Paley, Michael. 


Musser, Michael. 

Harper, John. 

Rishel, Jacob. 

Cunckel, Philip (grisl- and saw- 

Musser, Philip, Sr. 

Hauck, George. 

Rishel, John. 


Musser, Pliilip, Jr. 

Hess, Francis. 

Ross, James. 

Hall, Cornelius. 

Mussina, Lyon (hous 

e and lot). 

Hess, John. 

Row, Peter. 

Hall, John. 

Nees, George. 

Hubler, Henrj-. 

Shook, Charles. 

Hall, William. 

Kees, Peter. 

Isenbach, Frederick. 

Speis, George. 

llanua, Andrew. 

Nees, Philip. 

Kiemer, Ludwig. 

Strobe, Nicholas. 

Hans, Adam. 

Necs, William. 

Kurtz, Nicholas. 

Stover, John. 

Harper, Adam (fall 

ng-mill, 1803). 

Neidigh, A'lam. 

McBeth, Andrew. 

Wise, David. 

Ilarter, Andrew. 


McBeth, John. 

Wise, Martin. 

Ilartor, .Jacob. 

Orendorff, John. 

Ilarter, John. 

Ox, Peter (house and 


Jleckiiian, Peter. 

Pauly, Thumas. 

Miles township 

, besides 

its present territory, in- 

II«din-er, .Jacob (« 


Pontius, George. 

eluded that part 

of Gregj, 

' between Brush and Nit- 

lledrick, I'eter. 

Keed, Adam. 

Ilenne.v, Adam. 

Reed, Benjamin. 

taiiy Mountains w 

liich is east of the head of 

Henney, Philip (lin 

ise and lot). 

Eeed, Christian. 

Penn's Creek, all 

of Logan, and the south- 1801. 

Ilenne.v, Kreilerick 

Reed, Michael (saw-mill). 

western portion o 

' Greene 

townships (now in 

lle."S, Dewalt. 
IIe.«8, George. 

Ream, Abraham. 
Ream, John Frederick. 

Clinton); the northeastern 

portion of Greene (now) 

Hess, Jacob. 

Reynolds, James (house and lot). 

was annexed to 

Miles township from Lycoming 

Hess, Samuel. 

Rickart, Joseph. 

County March 23 


Hess, Michael. 

Hessler, Balser (Hetzler). 

Rishel, Lndwig (saw 
Rishel, Martin. 


The inhabitants of Miles township in 1801 were : 

Hessler, Balder, Jr. 



Hessler, George. 

Row, George (blacksmith). 

Albligbt, Frederick. 

Litlle, John. 

Holler, Joshua (Holder). 

Row, John (weaver) 

Albright, Henry (still). 

Long, George. 

Hostermau, Jacob. 

Shafler, Jacob (house 

and lot). 

Andrew, Samuel. 

McCamon, John. 

Husternian, Peter. 

Shaffer, Henry (hous 

e and lotj. 

Apple, Andrew. 

McCormick, James. 

Housman, .\ndrew. 

Shaffer, Michael. 

Apple, Henry. 

BlcKinney, John. 

Hownian, Philip. 

Sheep, James. 

Apple, Stophel. 

Meyer, Henry. 

Hubler, Adam (gr'is 

-and saw-mill). 

Sherer, Andrew. 

Berry, Jacob (still). 

Meckle, Adam. 

llubler, Jacob (g 

ist- and saw- 

Shook, Widow. 

Berry, Peter. 

Miles, Abieger. 


Shroyer, Jacob. 

Bierly, Anthony. 

Miles, Samuel. 

ICellj , James. 

Skilman, Jacob. 

Bierly, Nicholas. 

Miles, Susanna (I still). 

Kephart, Michael 

(tanner, Mill- 

Smith, Adam (house 

and lot). 

Bollander, Stephen. 

Miller, Jacob. 


Sniitli, Weyland (hoi 

so and lot). 

Brown, John. 

Moore, James. 

Kern, George. 

Snyder, Christian. 

Bruner, Peter. 

Neighart, Conrad. 

Kern, John. 

Snyder, Michael. 

Bach, Aaron. 

Patterson, Joseph. 

Kiltinger, Jacob (ho 

use, two lots). 

Snyder, Nicholas. 

Buchtel, John,Sr. 

Philips, John. 

Ivirk, Michael (hou 

86 and lot). 

Steamy, Christian. 

Buchtel, John, Jr. 

Pickle, Christian (tan-yard). 

Kister, George. 

Stephens, Leonard (h 

ouse and lot). 

Buchtel, Martin. 

Pickle, John, Sr. 

Iv reamer, Adam. 

Storm. David. 

Buchtel, Peter. 

Pickle, John, Jr. 

Ivreanier, Daniel. 

Stover, Adam, Sr. 

Clelland, Arthur. 

Pickle, Simon. 

Kreanier, Michael (saddler). 

Stover, Adam, Jr. 

Clelland, James. 

Pickle, Tobias, Sr. (grist- and saw- 

Ivreatner, John (carpentei). 

Stover, Frederick. 

Ertle, Valentine. 


Krep», Christian (li 


Stover, Jacob, Sr, 

Gast, Christian. 

Pickle, Tobias, Jr. 

Krei;;hbaun), John 

grist- and saw- 

Stover, Jacob, Jr. 

Gast, Nicholas. 

Pickle, Thomas. 


Stover, John. 

George, John (stills). 

Preston, Abijah. 

Ivreighbaum, Willi 


Strow, Frederick (house and lot). 

Gramly, Francis (saw-m 


Pi ice, Henry. 


e and lot). 

Swartz, George. 

Harloff, Godfrey. 

Beber, Abraham (distillery). 

Iv ryder, Jacob. 

Trail tuer, Jeremiah. 

Harmer, Georgy. 

Schenck, Dewalt. 

I.eiser, Matthias. 

Treaster, Martin. 

Harper, Henry. 

Schaefler, Adam. 

Lewis, Thomas (miller at Cook's). 

Voneida, Henry. 

Hazel, Bernhard. 

Schaeffer. Nicholas. 

Lilly, George (tann 


Wagner, John. 

Hazel, Jacob. 

Schott, Philip. 

Lutz, Widow (oil-m 


Walteberger, Daniel. 

Herring, Henry. 

Shirley, John. 

Liitz, John. 

Weis, George. 

Himes, Peter. 

Shangle, Peter.,Jobn. 


Kepler, Andrew. 

Simpson, William. 

McCleJiry, Th..mas 


Weaver, Adam. 

Kepler, John (blacksmith). 

Spangler, Christian. 

McCormick, Agnes 


Weaver, David. 

Kern, William. 

Spangler, Christopher. 

McElwee, William. 

Weaver, Jacob. 

Kern, Matthias. 

Spangler, George. 

Merks, David. 

Weaver, John. 

Kreamer, Abraham. 

Spangler, Peter. 

Merks, liudolph. 

Weaver, Michael, Sr 

Knamer, Daniel. 

Slahl, Frederick. 

Miller, Abraham. 

Weaver, Michael, Jr 

Kreamer, Jacob. 

Turner, Isaiah. 

Miller, David. 


Kreiger, George. 

Walker, John. 

Miller, Daniel. 

Wileman, Leonard. 

Kreiger, Jacob. 

Walter, Jacob. 

Miller, Jacob. 

Winkert, John (hous 

e and lot). 

Kreiger, Peter. 

Walter, Michael. 

Miller, Martin. 

Wise, Henry (house and lot). ' 

Kryder, John. 

Wolfart, Philip (distillery). 

Minnich, George. 

Wolf, George. 

Kreighbanm, William (distillery). 

Wolf, Anthony. 

Mitchell, John (hot 

so and lot). 

Wolf, Michael. 

Laesch, Zachariah. 

Worth, Henry. 

Mickel, Nicholas. 

Young, John (house 

and lot). 

Lants, Christopher. 
Leyman, Daniel. 

Worts, George. 



Apple, Andrew. 
Bierly, John. 
Bucher, Henry (juine 
Buchtel, Solomon. 
Bnaliong;, Kicliolas. 
CamtelttT, S«bjistian. 
Clelland, Arthur. 
Clellanil, Robert. 
Douglas, John (weav< 
Garret, Killian. 

Gramly, Adam. 
Hazel, Jacob. 
Long, .John. 
McCalniont, Matthew. 
Moore, John. 
Moore, Patrick. 
Pickle, Andrew. 
Pickle, Jacob. 
Pickle, Simon. 
Pickle, Thomas. 

The quota of county tax for Miles in 1801 was $176, 
an average rate of two and one-half mills. 

In 1804 the first store, kept by John McGee, is 
taxed. In 1809, Oswald Dubbs' grist-mill, saw-mill. 
In 1811, John Kleckner's grist-mill, Jacob Bollinger's 
store. In 1812, Paul Wolfe's grist- and saw-mill, add- 
ing a fulling-mill and distillery in 1813. James Par- 
kinson is taxed a schoolmaster in 1819. His name 
appears on assessments as early as 1805. 1819, Dubbs' 
grist-mill burned down ; rebuilt in 1821. 1820, John 
Foster, merchant. 1822, Jos. H. Madden. 



Patton township, at the erection of Centre County, 
embraced all the western portion of the county except 

portions of Ferguson, Half-Moon, and Taylor, 
1801. which were taken from Huntingdon County, 

— that is to say, Patton embraced that part of 
Harris township west of the end of Nittany Moun- 
tain, the eastern portion of Ferguson, the present 
townships of Patton, Huston, Rush. Ferguson was 
taken off the .southern end of Patton that year, and 
that portion of Rush west of the extension of the 
west line of Patton thrown into Half-Moon town- 
ship in January, 1802. 

Adams, William. 
Allendcr, John. 
Ardery, James. 
Ardery. George. 
Bradley, Manassiih. 
Brown, Tlionr.ts. 
Curry, John. 
Billon, James. 
Boughman, John. 
Kvans, David (grist-myi). 
Everhart, RumbacU. 
Flock, Henry. 
Gerhart, John. 
Gray, John. 
Gray, Peter, Sr. 
Gray, Peter, Jr. 

Hamilton, James. 

Hamilton, Hugh. 

Hartsock, Conrad. 

Hicks, Jacob. 

Hicks, Thomas. 

Killgore, David, Esq. 

Litmborn, Joseph (blacksmith). 

Lamborn, Josiah. 

Lamb, James. 

McCaly, James. 

McEwen, Joseph (weaver). 

McGonagal, James. 

McKnight, Alexander. 

Meal, John. 

OiH, Josf ph. 

Philips & Co. (grist- and 

Bea, David. 
Rea, Joshua. 
Rees, Christian J. 
Hockey, Henry. 
Sliiveiy, Andrew. 
Slioltz, John. 

Siggins, John. 
Simler, Henry. 
Smith, Arthur. 
Smith, James. 
Stratton, Lot. 
Turner, William. 
Wiley, William. 
Williams, John. 
Williams, William. 

Single Freemen. 
Curry, James. Lamborn, John. 

Curry, Tliomas. McCue, Neil. 

Donglnnan, John, Jr. Rea, Thomas. 

Hartsock, Henry. Pieraon, Robert. 

Lamboru, Isaiic. ' 

In 1806, James Glenn is taxed with a grist-mill 
and tavern; this was at Julian (now), and in the 
same year James Ardery with a tavern. 

Potter. — In 1801, Potter township embraced the 
western part of the present township of Gregg, from 
Spring Mills, all of Potter and the eastern 
half of Harris from the end of Nittany Moun- 1801. 
tain eastward, bounded by Nittany Mountain 
on the north and Seven Mountains on the south. In 
1801 the inhabitants were : 

Adams, Alexander. 
Alexander, James. 
Allen, Joseph (tan-yard). 
Andrew, John (doctor). 
Andrew, Samuel. 
Anspach, John. 
Ayers, Abraham. 
Barber, John, Esq. 
Barber, David. 
Beale, Philip. 
Bear, Samuel (cooper). 
Beltz, William. 
Bell, Tjiom:is (weaver). 
Benn, Henry. 
Benuer, John. 
Bloom, William. 
Boal, James. 
Boal, Henry. 
Bucher, Henry. 
Burcham, Abraham. 
Campbell, William. 
Cannon, James. 
Cliamhers, Elijah. 
Clover, Philip, Sr. 
Clover, Philip, Jr. 
Collier, William. 
Conrad, Peter. 
Conser, John. 
Craig, David. 
Creese, John. 
Crosthwaite, John. 
Dale, Cornelius. 
Davis, Joseph. 
Deckart, John. 
Derflinger, John. 



Douberman, Jolin. 
Dunlap, Alexander. 
Eakins, George. 
Earley. William, Esq. {i: 
Falls, Henry. 
Fishbaugh, John. 
Fishl.aui:h, William. 
Galbraitli, James. 
German, Jacob. 
Graham, Samuel. 
Graham, William. 
Gregg, Andrew, Esq. 
Gro>Bmau, Laurence. 
Harter, Chrislian. 
Hastings, Enoch. 
Hastings, Tliomas. 
Henderson, John. 
Henney, Christoplier. 

Huston, Catherine. 
Irviii, John (store), 
Irviu. William. 
Isenliauer, Peter. 
Jack, Jacob. 
Jack, Michael. 
Johnson, Alexander. 
Jones, John. 
Jordan, Hugh. 
Kean, William. 
Kephart, Henry. 
Kepler, Andrew. 

Kepler, Jacob. 

Ketlley, Chriitopher (weave: 

Kerr, John (blacksmith). 

Kerr, William, Esq. 

Kidd, David (blacksmith). 

King, Joiin. 

King, William. 

Kisuer, Henry. 

Koon, David. 

Krieger, Marli^. 

Livingston, Ji>hn. 

Livingston, Daniel. 

Livingston, William (caipen 

Long, Matlliew. 

Laurimoi-e, James. 

Love, DaviJ. 

Love, John. 

McBride, Aichibald. 

McBi ide, John. 

McCaskey, John. 

McChesney, Thomas. 

McClintock, John. 

McCloskey, William. 

McFaddin, James. 

McGinjiis, William (tailor). 

McGonegal, John. 

McJannet, John. 

McKiin, David. 

McKim, Robert. 

McLane, John. 

Mason, Jacob. 



, Ge( 

Holder, Jesst 
Holt, Evan. 

Mayes, Willial 
Mayes, Thomas. 
Meneigli, George. 
Meneigh, Jacob. 
Meredith, Thomas. 
Michael, William. 
Miller, Jacob. 
Milliken, Tliomas. 
Mooney, Archibald (tailor). 
Monks, William. 
Moore, Abel. 
Moore, Jamea. 
Murray, Levi. 



Neal, Henry (tailor). 

Nicholson, David (tailor). 

Orwig, Henry. 

Orwig, Syninel. 

Orwig, Peter. 

Palmer, Budd. 

Palmer, Floyd. 

Pa^toriiis, William. 

Pennington, Henry. 

Pennington. Robert. 

Penogle, John. 

Potter, Adam. 

Potter, Fergus. 

Potter, James, Esq. 

Rankin, James. 

Rankin, William. 

Read, Alexander. 

Reynolds, John. 

Reynolds, William. 

Rhinehart, George. 

Rliea, Joshua. 

Riddle, Jofaepli. 

Rishel, Adam. 

Risliel, Ludwig. 

Ritter, Israel. 

Rockcy, Honry. 

Rhone, Michael. 

Rubs, Joseph. 

Row], John, Sr. 

Row], John, Jr. 

Sample, John (blacksmith). 

Sandford, Abraham. 

Sankey, Jeremiah. 

Sankey, Samuel. 

Sankey, Thomas. 

Seighley, Jacob. 

Shulze, Christopher. 

Smith, Andrew. 

Smith, Conrad. 

Smith, Peter (George's valley). 

Benr, Andrew. 
Bear, John. 
Bloom, Isaac. 
Brooks, John. 
Bunker, William. 
Frampton, John. 
Gearhurt, AdaDi. 
Grier, David. 
Johustou, Alexander, Jr. 
Johnston, William. 
King, Marinus. 
Love, David. 
McClelland, Robert. 
McConuel, Jesse. 
McFaddin, Isaac. 
McElhenny, William. 
McGonagal, John. 
McKim, Robert, Jr. 

Smith, Peter. 

Smith, Jacob. 

Smith, Stephen. 

Smith, William. 

Spencer, Thomas (distillery, grist- 
and saw-mill). 

Spear, Samuel. 

Steel, John. ' 

Stetler, Jacob. 

Stiver, Michael. 

Sunday, Adam (carpenter). 

Tate, John. 

Tate, Robert. 

Treaster, Thomas. 

Van Home, Jane (tan-yard). 

Vandyke, David. 

Wagoner, John (grist- and saw- 

WassoD. John . 

Wasson, Thomas. 

Watson, James. 

Watson, Thomas. 

Watt, James. 

Watt, John. 

Weaver, Frederick. 

Welch, George. 

Wilson, Samuel. 

Wilson, William. 

Wilzel, Conrad. 

Wolf, Abraham. 

Wolf, Peter. 

AVonderly, Jacob (shoemaker). 

Woods, George (saw-mill and full- 

Workiiij^er, Henry. 

Wyncoop, Garret. 

AVyncoop, Mutthew. 

Yuuiig, Conrad. 

Young, Jacob. 

Palmer, John, 
rnstorius, Robert. 
Pastoriiis, Samuel. 
Pa.storius, William. 
Peters, Sliehael. 
Rights, Henry. 
Read, John. 
Rosa, James. 
Rye, Joseph. 
Sankey, Samuel. 
Seighley, Benjamin. 
Vandyke, David, Jr. 
Watson, William. 
Watt, John, Jr. 
Wilson, Charles. 
Wilson, Peter. 
Weitzell, Henry. 

John Irvin is taxed with store and tavern in 1803. 
In 1804, David Barber, James Collier, and Thomas 
Earley are taxed with taverns. Spencer's mill passed 
to Nicholas and Jacob Fye. 1805, Levi Murray with 
a tan-yard; in 1806, Malcolm Andre with tavern; 
in 1806, George Padget, schoolmaster ; 1807, James 
Quade, schoolmaster; 1807, Joseph Gilliland, cooper, 
and 1810 tavern at Spring Mills; in 1808, John Irwin, 
grist- and saw-mill ; 1809, Jacob Keller, grist- and saw- 
mill and distillery ; 1810, Evan Miles, tavern ; John 
Shaw, fulling-mill; William Smith, schoolmaster; 
John Moore, schoolmaster in Earlystowu. In 1812, 

Christopher Koonsman, tavern (two miles west of 
Spring Mills) ; 1813, John Kerr, tavern ; 1816, Dun- 
can & Foster's store at Spring Mills; Jacob Wolf, 
"doctor;" 1817, Walter Longwell, tavern at Earlyg- 

Ferguson Township. — Ferguson township was 
erected at January sessions, 1801, out of Patton, be- 
ginning at the line of Bald Eagle and Patton town- 
ship, near Robert Moore, so as to include his farm 
(now, 1882, William Thompson, south of Hou.serville), 
thence by a line through the Barrens to include Cen- 
tre Furnace and James Jackson's, near Half-Moon, 
the said line to be continued until it strikes the Hun- 
tingdon County line, thence along the line of Hunt- 
ingdon and Centre Counties till it strikes Tussey's 
Mountain, thence along the mountain to the line of 
Patton and Potter townships, thence along Patton, 
Potter, and a part of Bald Eagle to the place of be- 

This boundary embraced the present township of 
Ferguson, and the west half of Harris from the end 
of Nittany Mountain. , 

The following were residents in 1801 : 

Anderson, John. 

Barkman, John. 

Barr, David, Esq. 

Barr, Robert. 

Barron, John. 

Beal, Dewalt. 

Boal, David. 

Boreland, Andrew. 

Boreland, Archibald. 

Boreland, John, Sr. 

Boreland, John, Jr. 

Brisbin, William. 

Brower, Jacob (weaver). 

Corson, John. 

Cooper. James. 

Cox, Abraham. 

Crotzer, Anthony. 

Dale, Christian (grist- and saw-mill 

and tavern). 
Dale, Henry. 
Denny, Peter. 
Evans, Eleazer. 
Everhart, Christian. 
Everhart, Samuel. 
Fie, Henry. 

Ferguson, Thomas (gristmill). 
Glenn, James, Jr. 
Glenn, John, Sr. 
Glenn, John, Jr. 
Glenn, Robert, Sr. 
Glenn, Robert, Jr. 
Goheen, John (died in April, 1815). 
Haldeman, John. 
Harpster, Christopher. 
Hartswick, John. 
Hartsock, Jona. 
Hastings, Sarah. 
Hunter, Andrew. 
Hunter, Robert. 
Huey, Adam, 
ladings, William. 
Jack.son, James. 
Jackson, James, Jr. 
Kerr, James, Sr. 
Kerr, James, Jr. 

Lever, Adam. 

Liiigerfelter, John. 

MuBriile, James. 

McCormick, George, Sr. (grist- and 

McCormick, George, Jr. 

McCormick, James. 

McEIhatton, Alexander. 

McEwen, Joseph (weaver). 

McPhereon, Joseph, 

McWiilianis, Alexander. 

McWilliams, Henry. 

Meek, David. 

Meek, George. 

Meek, Robert. 

Meek, William. 

Miller, John (beaver dams). 

Miller, John (Cherry Creek). 

Mooney, Patrick. 

Moore, Robert. 

Morris, William. 

Newell, James (for Miles' Furnace, 
saw- and giist-mill). 

Patton, «eu. John. > 

Patton, John (farmer). 

Patton, James. 

Patton, Robert. 

Patton, Thomas. 

Plat, John. 

Porter, Robert (tavern and grist- 

Potter, Roliert. 

ReA, John. 

Richards, William. 

Rodden, Isaac. 

Stewart, Alexander. 

Stewart, Hugh. 

SIroup, Adam. 

White, John. 

Whitehill, David, Sr. 

Whitehill, David, Jr. (tan-yard). 

Whitehill, James (tavern). 

Whitehill, Joseph. 

Wilson, Thomas. 

Wiugleman, Matthew. 



Barr, John. 
IJarret, William. 

Cules, James. 
Cocliran, John. 
Buiilap, Mattliev 

Biitgle Men. 

Golicen, Joseph. 
Harpster, Joab. 
Mi-S«oril, Arcliil.ald. 
McCormicli, John. 

In 1803 occur the following additional assessments: 

Bail.v, Jolin (griat-mill). Ei-ldey, Joljn (miller). 

Baily, Eidiard. Fulton, Mr. (shoemaker). 

Bail}-, William. GarJiner, Robert (saw-njill). 

Bateman, Thomas. lloyt, David. 

Benner, Philip (store). Keassley, Samuel. 

Borah, Isaiah. Maloy, Bliihael. 

Campbell, Uobert. MtEntire, Alexander. 

Cay, William. Thompson, William. 

Dale, Felix (miller). Wallace, Robert. 
Deven, Joseph. 

Half-Moon Township. — That portion of the pres- 
ent township of Ferguson west of a line from a point 
three miles north si.xtyfive degrees east from the 
south coruer of Ferguson to the present corner of 
Half-Moon and Patton and the larger part of the 
present township of Half-Moon were in Franklin and 
Warrior Mark townships, Huntingdon County, before 
1800. Franklin was erected at March sessions, 1789, 
and Warrior Mark erected from Franklin at January 
sessions, 1798, of Huntingdon County. Warrior 
Mark was recognized as a township of Centre in the 
act of Feb. 25, 1801, annexing it and Patton to the 
First Election District, and directing their elections 
to be held in Bellefonte. 

At April sessions of 1801 (Centre County) petitions 
were presented to have all that part of Warrior Mark 
which fell into Centre County erected into a township 
to be called " Half-Moon," and at August sessions the 
people of Patton petitioned to have Warrior Mark 
annexed to Patton. Upon these petitions Thomas 
Ferguson, E.sq., James Watson, of Potter township, 
John Duijlop, David Craig, and Philip Benner were 
appointed commissioners. They not being able to 
agree, the court at January sessions, 1802, directed the 
old MiiHin County line to be continued in the course 
north forty-two and one-fourth degrees west, from the 
line of Ferguson till it would intersect the Moshan- 
non''Creek, and thaf part of the county lying north of 
Ferguson and west of said line should be called Half- 

Half-Moon, therefore, beside its present territory, 
then embraced that of the present townships of Tay- 
lor and Worth, and that part of Rush southwest of a 
line running through its pre-ent territory north forty- 
two and a quarter west from the present corner of 
Huston and Worth to the Moshannon. 

Ashtun, George (grist- 

Ashton, Owen. 
Bye, Hezekiah. 
Clemson, Thomas. 
Danghman, Frederick. 
Davidson, Phinehas. 
Dodson, John. 
Downing, Thomas. 
Elder, Abraham (still). 

England, Nun. 
Fagan, Herman. 
Fenton, Benjamin. 
Fletcher, Henry. 
Fngate, John. 
Gilpin, Thomas. 
Ilatlon, Eobert. 
Hollingsworth, David, Sr. 
Hollingsworth, David, Jr. 
Hollingsworth, Israel. 

John, Isaiah. 
Kelly, Wil'.iam. 
Kirk, Ezekiel. 
Kirk, Thomas. 
Lewis, John. 
Merryman, Elijah. 
Bloore, Elijah. 
Moore, Elisha. 
Moore, Isaac. 
Moore, James. 


, Jp 


Moore. Joseph. 
Jloore, Lydia. 
Moore, Robert. 
Moore, Thomas, Jr. (s: 
Moore, Thomas, Sr. 
Richards, John, 
Sadler, Richard. 

Brown, Michael. 
Brown, Thomas. 
Davis, Caleb. 
Kirk, John. 
Kirk, James. 
Richards, David. 

Scott, John. 

Spencer, John. 

Stewart, Alexander. 

Tate, William. 

Taylor, Jacob. 

Taylor, Thomas. 

Thompson, Caleb. 

Thompson, John. 

Thompeon, Thomas (returned to 

Huntingdon County). 
Underwood, William. 
Wall, Absalom. 
Way, Caleb. 
Way, Benjamin. 
Whippo, George. 
Whitson, John (ta 
Williams, George. 
Wilson, George. 

Turner, Thomas. 
Wall, John. 
Way, Eli. 
Whippo, Isaac. 
Wilson, George. 


In 1803, Benjamin, Richard, and Thomas Vaughan 
appear on the assessment; Christian Vanpoole, tan- 
ner, and Christian Emrigh, grist-mill, in 1805 ; Her- 
man Fagan, grist- and saw-mill, in 1807, as also Thomas 
Moore, Jr. ; Abraham Elder's grist- and saw-mills and 
tavern, in 1811, and H. Sharrers, powder-mill, 1810; 
Job Packer's store in 1812; Joseph Haggerty, grist- 
and saw-mill, 1813, and James Hylman, tannery, 1813. 
Thomas Moore's mill was at Loveville, and Joseph 
Haggerty one mile southwest of the stone house near 
Kelley mill. 



The first capital case tried in the county was that 
of a negro named Daniel Byers. On the evening of 
the 15th of October, 1802, a mulatto named 
James Barrows, in the employ of John Dun- 1802, 
lop, was shot dead upon his horse, as he was 
driving his team between Bellefonte and the Valen- 
tine Works. Of this murder Byers was tried and 
convicted, and the jury, in accordance with the law 
at the time, returned with their verdict a valuation 
of him, " valued him at two hundred and fourteen 

We give the following extract of a letter from a 
gentlemen at Bellefonte, Centre Co., dated Nov. 15, 
1802, to the editor of the Carlisle Gazette : 

*' Last week a Court of Oyer and Terminer was held in this town for 
this county by James Riddle, Esq., and the associate judges, at which 
court Negro Dan, aU<u Daniel Byers, was tried and found guilty of the 
murder of Jame.i Burrows, on the night of the 15th ult., near Bellefonte 
Iron-Works. The person murdered was a free mulatto, a wagoner to 
Mr. John Dunlop, the proprietor of the iron-works. He was married 



to n wliito woman, wlio 1ms borno five children to him, but who (It is 
8,wd) Imd formed an illicit connection soma lime before the murder with 
the murderer. The negro was the properly of Mr. .1. Smith, of this 
place. It appeared upon his trial that he had long premeditated the 
horrid deed, and had often attempted to pxecute it before the fatal night 
above mentioned. About six weeks before the murder the woman had 
Ifft her husband on account of a quarrel between them about this negro. 
She returned back again in a few days, but ever after this the negro on 
all occasions had expressed to those with he associated the most 
deadly rancor against him, and had frequfntly waylaid him to take his 
life. The night on which ho was murdered the mulatto man was bring- 
ing home a load of coals from about five miles fiorti the works. He was 
late out. The negro had made diligent inipiiry about him, found out where 
he was.had slipped out a rifle belonging to his master, waited for him 
on the roadside, under cover of a large tree, about half a mile from the 
■works, and when he came up close to him he shotThim through the body. 
Tlie bullet penetrated a little below his left breast, and came out close 
by his right shoulder. He was riding on the nigh horse behind, and 
stuck on for about twelve or fifteen perches. When he fell the wagon- 
wheels ran over Ihe length of hi< body, which was supposed to have oc- 
Ciisioned his death, until the bullet-hole was discovered by the inquest 
who sat on the body. 

*'The president prefaced the sentenro of d?ath by an address truly 
pathetic and affecting indeed. The court-house was crowded with spec- 
tators, and among them all I could not observe an eye that was not over- 
flowingwith tears. Uis voice was several times choked by the sensi- 
bility and emotions of his heart. 

"The woman now lies in prison unt I Ihe next Court of Oyer and 
Terminer. It would, therefore, be jjnproper to say anything relative 
to her case, as the freedom of speaking and writing ought never to be 
suffered to turn the streams of justice out of their legal course or natural 

Byerswas executed on the 13th of December, 1802, 
by James Duncan, Esq., then liigh sheriff. A large 
crowd, consisting of forgemen and other original 
characters, had assembled to witness the execution, 
and a company of horse, under the command of 
Capt. James Potter, was drawn up near the scaffold. 
With the first swing the rope broke, and Negro Dan 
fell to the ground unhurt. With that the crowd 
shouted, "Dan is free!'' and headed by Archy 
McSwords and McCamant, they made a move to 
rescue him. Sheriff Duncan, who always carried a 
lead-loaded riding-whip, drew it promptly, and 
struck McSwords a blow that might have felled an 
ox. McSwords scratched his head, and said, " Mr. 
Duncan, as you are a small man, you may pass on." 
With that Capt. Potter's company made a charge, 
and William Irvin, of the troop, leveled McCamaut 
with a blow of his sword, cutting his cap-rim through. 
Meanwhile, William Petriken stepped up to Dan, and 
patted him on the shoulder, saying, " Dan, you have 
always been a good boy, go up now and be hung like 
a man," which he did. 

United Brethren in Christ. — Rev. Christian New- 
comer, afterwards Bishop Newcomer, was the earliest 
traveling minister of this church that visited this 
county. From hisjournal^ under date of Sept. 10, 1802, 
we extract the following: " I preached at Mr. Heis- 
kel's from Luke xviii. 2'J ; the word spoken was accom- 
panied with power; some cried aloud. At night I came 
to my old friend. P. Crys (?), and was rejoiced to find 
him and some of his family in the narrow way that 
leads to life eternal. 17th. I rested here and visited 
several families in this neighborhood. I am now in 
Centre County. 18th. This forenoon preached at Mr. 

Gerhardt's ; at night I had a meeting at Mr. Duch- 
man's, where I was received by several of my old 
acquaintances with great joy. Sunday, 19th. This 
morning we held a love feast. I rode yet ten miles 
to Mr. Pflegel's, where I tarried for the night. This 
day I came through Bellefonte to Milesburg, where I 
preached in a school-house, both in German and Eng- 
lish. Lodged at Mr. Steffy's. 21st. This forenoon 
I preached at Mr. Brickly's, and in the afternoon 
rode to Mr. Kremer's in Penn's valley. Had a Mr. 
Knause for guide. 22d. This forenoon I tried to 
preach here, and in the afternoon rode about ten 
miles to L. Shidt's, who had come to Mr. Kremer's 
to pilot me." 

Under date of May 30, 1803, he records he "rode 
from Youngmanstown about twenty miles to Mr. 
Kremer's, in Centre County, where we lodged. 31st. 
To-day I preached in Aaronsburg; the work of grace 
appeared to be a strange doctrine in this place. May 
God grant the people knowledge. Rode yet about 
twenty miles to Mr. Miller's, where we stayed all night. 
June 1. Preached at Mr. Herzog's; here we had a 
blessed time, the word made considerable impression. 
Some were enabled to rejoice. June 2. We held an- 
other meeting at this place, and several were happily 
converted to God ; rode in the afternoon about twelve 
miles and preached to a small congregation at Mr. 
Hieskel's. 3d. I preached in Huntingdon County, 
near Spruce Creek, at G. M.'s." 

In 1802 the following new additional taxa- 1802. 
bles were in Spring township: 

Ackley, John. Ma«on, William. 

Ammerman, William. Meps, Thomas (forge). 

Bowes, Richard (weaver). Miles, John (house and lot). 

Bowman, Itichard (clerk). McClelland, Archibald. 

Brown, Michael. Miles, Richard (distillery). 
Brolosky, Henry L. (store-keeper, Qliddleton, William (cooper). 

Milesborough). McLenahan, Robert (store-keeper). 

Cain, John. Mooney, Arthur (forgeman). 

Campbell, Neal (forge hand). Sliller, John. 

Davis, Abel (house in Miles- Munimin, Jeremiah (tailor). 

borough). Martin, Samuel (sniith). 

Deal, Joshua. Patton, Benjamin (tavern-keeper). 

Devin, Widow (house in Belle- Pnssmore, Enoch (shoemaker). 

foute). Rodgers, W'illiani. 

D..uglierty, Daniel. Scowles, James (miller). 

Felzer, Mary. Slggens, Widow. 

Eckley, Eli. Siggens, George. 

Essington, John (forge). Smith, William. 

Fisher, William. Siinth, James (miller, grist- and 

Fisher, Michael. saw-mill, >lave). 

Green, Warnock (tavern). Steele, Krancis, Jr. 

Hair, Joseph. Siroh, Nicholas. 

Henry, James. Swl»s, Balser (collier). 

Hughey, Arthur (collier). Cuff, Tobias, 

llolconib. Widow. TanneUill, John (collier). 

Irvine, John. Turner, Isaiah. 

Irvine, William. Turner, John. 

Jameson, John. Turner, Josiph. 

Laskins, Edward (forgeman). Williams, Joseph (Ian-yard). 

Liplon, Robert (weaver). Williams, Joseph (forgeman). 

McCafferty, Dennis (collier). Williams, Matthew. 

Mcintosh, James (forgeman). Watson, Thomas (collier). 

Mejis, Malone, Widow. Yarnall, Samuel ^blacksmith). 

The following are the additional resident taxables 
of Spring township in 1803 : 



Adams, John. 
Bellew, Daniel. 
Culhoun, Jolin. 
Hunter, William. 
Iddings, Joliu. 
Irwin, John, 
BIcCutcheon, Julin. 

Mease, Julin, 
Orwig, Samuel. 
Stratton, Lot. 
"Weaver, Frederick. 
Wiley, William. 
Williams, Evan. 
Underwood, Williat 

1803. The following tavern-keepers were recom- 
mended for license at August sessions, 1803: 

James Green, Bellefonte. 
Benjamin Patton, Bellefonte. 
Hannah Green, Milesborough. 
Tliomas Wilson, Centre township. 
James Collier, Potter. 
John Benner, " 
John Irviii, 

CliriBtian Dale, Ferguson. 
Thomas Porter, " 

Ahraliam Elder, Half-Moon. 
Henry Simler, Pliilipsburg. 
Jolin Cnlbertson, Patton township. 
Israel Pennington, Bellefonte. 
Obadiah Allen, Aaronsburg. 
Christian Ulricli, 
Pliilip Dewald, " 

Widow Slotz, Haines township. 
George Brosius, " 
Tliomns Farley, Potter. 

August 16th, James Duncan, Esq., sheriff, made re- 
turn of sale of Gen. John Patton's interest in a vast 
amount of real estate lying on Slab Cabin and in Fer- 
guson townships, sold to Francis Gurney. 

1804. The following are the additional tax-payers, 
with additional improvements, in Spring in 1804 : 

Benner, Philip (taxed with rolling- 
mill and new forge). 
Dilman, John. 
Eves, Abraham. 
Fulton, David, 
llouser, Jacob (fulling-mill). 
Irvin, John. 
Lambourue, Lewis. 
Lytle, John. 
McBrido, John. 
McClelland, Archibald. 
McGee, John. 

Mease, Michael. 
Middleton, James. 
Miers, George. 
Miers, Michael. 
Pennington, Israel. 
Poorman, Michael. 
Boss, Samuel. 
Spencer, George. 
Spotls, David. 
Watson, James, 
Whitehill, John. 
Whilehill, Joseph. 

At January sessions the road from Philip Antes' 
mill through the gap in Muncy Mountain to inter- 
sect the road leading from Penn's valley to Bellefonte 
was confirmed and ordered to be laid out. 

Also the road from the Lycoming County line, be- 
ginning at the Bald Eagle Creek, opposite then Mar- 
tin's store, and running up Fishing Creek by way 
of Archibald Stewartson, Thomas Wilson, Elders 
spring, McKinney, Lambs, etc., to Allegheny Street, 
Bellefonte, by way of Howard Street, twenty-two and 
a half miles and fifty-four perches. This is what is 
now known as the Jacksonville road from Mill Hall 
to Bellefonte. 

Also the road from Abraham Elders in HalfMoon 
to Pliilipsburg was laid out by David Kilgore, Esq., 
Ezekiel Bye, John Gerhart, Peter Gray, Sr., Joseph 
Moore, and Caleb Way. 

At April sessions Jaines Ardery, of Potter, David 
Barber, of Potter, John McKee, of Bellefonte, Alex- 
ander Robinson, of Bald Eagle township, and Mary 
Allison, of Potter, were recommended to the Gov- 
ernor for license to keep tavern. At August sessions 
David Boal, of Ferguson, and Adam Bolander were 
recommended for license. 

The Hon. Thomas Cooper, commissioned for Frank- 
lin, Mifflin, Centre, Huntingdon, Bedford, and Som- 

erset Counties, as president judge of the courts 
thereof, sat at the November sessions of 1804. AVil- 
liam Alexander, of Bellefonte, and David Nicholson, 
of Ferguson, were recommended for license. 

Additional tax-payers and improvements in 1805. 
Spring township in 1805 : 

Benner, Philip (slitling-lt 
Bodel, Robert. 



side, Tin 

Cnlbertson, Mose 
Hastings, Thonia 
Loiigwell, Walte 
Monntz, Charles, 

Mountz, John. 
Sadler, Robert. 
Senser, George. 
Trezyulny, Chai 
Wigley, William 
Whippo, Isaac. 

At August sessions John Mitchell, of Aaronsburg, 
James Foster, of Milesborough, and Michael Shaffer 
of Millheim, were recommended for license. At No- 
vembersessions Archibald Allison, RobertMcClellaud, 
Conrad Young, Thomas Boyer, William Cottle, and 
James Alexander laid out the road from Kiddle's 
mill, on Penn's Creek, to the Bellefonte road, near 
Sinking Creek meeting-house. 

In October, 1805, Thomas McKean ran as the in- 
dependent Democratic candidate for Governor, and 
was elected in the State over Simon Snyder by five 
thousand one hundred and sixty-one majority ; the 
vote in Centre, however, stood as follows : 

Snyder. McKean. 

Bellefonte 2U 8 

Spring I'iU 41 

Leiitre til iA 

Potter 103 2'J 

Ferguson ti» ii 

Haines 264 'J 

Half-Moon M 36 

Palloii 35 4 

Bald Eagle U9 lU 

Miles 13U r. 

10-JG iiU3 



At January sessions Thomas Hastings, of Bellefonte, 
Michael Meese, of Centre, and John Dillraan, of Pot- 
ter, were recommended for license. At April 
sessions the road from Brush valley, at then 1806. 
Daniel Dubbs', to the road in Sugar valley was 
laid out, the road from Centre Furnace to Abraham 
Elders, in Half-Moon, and the road from Milesburg 
to Benedict Lucas', on the head of Bullet'^ Run. 
April 24th, Hon. Jona. Walker took his seat as presi- 
dent judge ; district, Bedford, Huntingdon, MiiHin, 
and Centre. 

At August sessions Negro Jacob was convicted of 
breaking into Benner & Cambridge's store, and sen- 
tenced to three years in the penitentiary ; and at the 
same sessions a private road was laid out from the 
meeting-house in Brush valley to John Schrock's in 
Sugar valley. This commenced at the church at 
Rebersburg, thence north 23y degrees west 148 



perches to Reber's house ; thence through Conrad 
Reber's hind by Jacob Bottorfhouse. 

At November sessions the road beginning atTliomas 
Spencer's mill, across the dividing ridge to the Fish- 
ing Creek road (leading from Bellefonte) at John 
Mitchell's, was laid out; also the road from Isaac 
Parson's house on the head-waters of Wallis' Run, to 
intersect the State road from Milesburg, on William 
Fisher's land (now Snow Shoe Intersection). 

James Poe, who was a son-in-law of Gen. Potter, 
and represented Franklin County in the State Senate, 
1803-7 and 1811-19, writes Judge James Potter from 
Lancaster, Dec. 13, 1806, that both branches voted on 
the 9th of December for United States senator. In 
three several trials there was a tie each time, Andrew 
Gregg receiving filty-four votes. Gen. John Steele 
fifty-tour. Mr. Gregg was finally elected Jan. 13, 
1807, having fifty-five votes, N. B. Boileau, forty, 
Gen. Steele, fourteen. 

Political Meeting'. — On Wednesday, July 15th, a 
number of the inhabitants of Centre County met, 
pursnnnt to a public notice, at the court-house, 
1807. for the purpose of expressing their sentiments 
on the attack made by the British frigate 
"Leopard" on the United States frigate "Chesa- 
peake." The meeting was a very large one consider- 
ing the season of the year. 

Gen. Philip Benner was called to the chair, and 
Joseph Miles appointed secretary. William Petrikin, 
Esq., opened the meeting by reading extracts from 
Norfolk papers, giving an account of the attack and 
the President's proclamation. Whereupon the fol- 
lowing were appointed a committee on resolutions: 
William Petrikin, Esq., James Harris, Esq., Col. 
John Young, John G. Lowrey, Esq., William Ran- 
kin, Esq., Roland Cartin, Esq., John Dunlop, Wil- 
liam Irvin, and Thomas Burnside, Esq. 

This committee prefaced their resolutions with a 
long preamble about the outrage, which "they viewed 
in all its prominent aspects as without a parallel in the 
annals of any nation," and "Resolved, That we pledge 
ourselves and all that is dear and precions to us to 
support with alacrity such measures as our govern- 
ment shall think proper to pursue for the purpose 
of avenging the outrage," etc. They further ap- 
proved of the proclamation made by the President, 
and enjoined upon the young men of Centre County 
" to form themselves intomilitary companies, equipped 
in our own manufactures, and to be ready at a mo- 
ment's warning to march to the scene of action." 

A copy of the resolutions was directed to be sent to 
the President, and a Committee of Correspondence 
was appointed, consisting of Col. James Dunlop, 
Thomas Burnside, James Harris, Roland Curtin, Wil- 
liam Petrikin, Philip Benner, Robert T. Stewart, 
Esq., Charles Huston, Esq., and Jonathan Walker, 

In 1807 there was no paper yet in Centre County, 
and the following is extracted from Matthew Huston's 

Republican Argus, of Northumberland, of December 

".Ma very large and reHpectHlile meetirif;ur tlic iiiliAliftants of Centre 
Biid Clrarfleld Counties, convened by public notice Ht tlie ciMirt-lioiii'e in 
tlio borougli of BeMefonte on tlie 24th duy of November. IS07, Tljomiiil 
Burnside, Esq., was ai>pointed chairman, iind I'uti-ick Cambridge, secre- 

" A letter from Berks County was produced and rend fi'oni the chair, 
containing an invitation toco-operate with llie Demicralsof tliat connly 
in pursuing such measures as might be deemeil best calculated to pro- 
mote harmony and union among tlie paity through, ut the Slate, relative 
to the ne.\t election for Governor. In itureuanceor whicli the lollowing 
resolutions were adopted, the vote being taken on each resolution eepa- 
rjitely : 

"Ist. That in the opinion of this mcoling, tlie conlidenre of the 
people of those counties (expressed at the general election of 1805 by 
such largo majorities) in the, virtue, and talents of Simon 
Snyder is not in the least degree impaired, but rather increased by liis 
subsequent public and private conduct. We will therefore support hint 
as a candidate for Governor of this Slate at the enmiiig genenil 

" 2d. That in the opinion of this meeting the Democratic members of 
the Legislature are the most suitable and best qualified body, when con- 
vened for that purpose in general meeting, to nouiitiiite candidates for 
those offices that are to be elected over tlie Slate at bug". We therefore 
think that the jiropo^ition of a State meeting of delegates from the 
several counties, as propcised by meetings lield in the city of Philadel- 
phia and county of Delaware, for the pnriKisu of nominating a candidate 
for the next Governor, is iinpiucticable, unnecessary, and iiregnant with 
the seeds of schism and division. 

" 3d. That our representative from these counties is hereby requested 
to lay these resolutions before the Democratic members of the Legis- 
l.ature; to attend tlieir meeting on behalf of his constituents, and 
zealously support the nominatioa of Siniou Snyder, of Northumberland 

"That the following Committee of Correspondence be apiiointed^For 
Bellefonte, William Petrikin; Spring township, George Iliilip Benner: 
Potter, William Irvin; Haines, James Duncan; Centre, Col. John 
Mitchell; Bald Eagle, Matthew Allison ; Ferguson, M j. John Cnlberl- 
son; Pattou, James Glenn; Half-Moon, Heruiau Kugan; Miles, John 
Kryder; for Cleai field, Robert Maxwell. 

" By order of the meeting. 

"Thomas Buexside, rresldeiil. 

" Patrick Camuridge, Secretary." 

An article follows this purporting to be from "The 
Mau in the Moon," pours a vial of wrath upon Wil- 
liam Rankin, then member of the Legislature, for his 
disposition to support Andrew Gregg for Governor. 
I quote part in order to give some idea of the style of 
political controversy of that day : 

" Not a rag left to bedeck ■William Rankin this year, tho' God knows 
he needssonie. His last year's jerkin was pretty well ruffled last winter 
at Lancaster. (Legislature then met there.) The Fed's and (Juid's cut 
the skirtsof his garments by his rump, as David did Saul's, and shaking 
them at the Democrats said, 'send some of the young uieu to fetch 

In April, 1807, the road leading from James Wat- 
son's mill in Potter to a school-house on the Brush 
valley road was laid out, and John Frederick was 
licensed to keep hotel at Mill Hall. 

In October, 1808, Simon Snyder was the regular 
Democratic candidate; James Ross, Federal; John 
Spoyd, Independent. Snyder's majority over 
both was twenty-four thousand three hundred 
and ninety-four. The vote in Centre County in detail 
was : 



Snyder. Rosh. Spoyd. 

Bi'Ilefonte norough 43 21) 1 

SpriME 21)0 44 1 

Centre 151 ^i 

Potfr :«0 11 5 

Fel-usuii...-. 11- 30 

Hjiiiies 302 4 1 

IlKll-Moon 110 11 

Patti.ll S4 

Bald EKKle IVl 17 

MiU-s IIW 1 1 

16U0 102 9 



Flavel Roan Diary.— "June 3, 1809, went to 
Centre County for balm of Gilead for Roan Clark, 
who is sick ; reached Aaronsburg at three, 
1809. Avhere met Evan Miles, and came on to George 
Woods'. We had Psalm-singing the old way 
and prayers. He is a very religious man. June 4th, 
called at Kern's. Stopped at Benner's (old fort), 
then to Ludwig Reiley's, on Hasting's place, where 
I got some leaves and branches. Stopped at Barber's 
tavern, and rode back to Eakers', twenty-four miles. 
5th, left Aaronbsurg with John Foster." 

Professor Meyer, speaking of the school law of 
1809, says,— 

" The l;iw for the ' ducation of Iho poor gratis was passed April 4,1S00. 
Tliere was more philanthropy in it than wisdom. Assessors were required 
to take a census of ' all children between the ages of five and twelve 
years, whose parents were unable to pay their achooliug,' tlms placing 
both parents and children in a very humiliating position. The object 
of the Uw was, therefore, not fully realized, for the reason that Ihe poor 
possessed as keen a sense of deliciicy as the rich, and wonld ra'her bring 
lip their cliildreu in ignorance than be classed among panpers. Tliisdis- 
crimination between rich and poor often engendered a spirit of caste 
among the schnhii"8 which environed the teacher with many perplexing 
difficulties. * Tlie purse-proud ones despised the paupers, and would not 
associate with them * Yet, notwithstanding this defect, the law accom- 
plished some good ; there are not a few citizens to-day— and among them 
some that are prominent — whose names may bo found on lists of poor 
children returned by assessors, and who received part of their education 
at the publ.c expense, though they would hardly now wish to acknowl- 
edge it. 

"In ceitain localities the law of 1809 prepared the way for the adop- 
tion of tlio school system submitted to the people under the legislalion 
of 1834 and 1S;J5. The necessity of the education of the poor as well as 
the rich was recognized by a majority uf the citizen!*, and as the former 
law was unpoinihir for reas-ms already stated; tlie latter was accejited 
because it made provision for the edui 
trnding any odious distinctions betweei 
several annual lists of poor children reported to t 
ers, it was found that assessors had no fixed 
out these lists ; one year there would be reported i 
a few. It is asserted tliat while the really needy w 
cial objects of chanty, not nnfrequently poisons i 
but having lea* self-respect, wonld hand in the n 
to be educated aMhe public expensi 
her of the children returned by the 

For instance, in the yeai 
and only three were 6 
and educated 13; Fergu 
must be supposed, howc' 

1 of the masses without in- 
1 and poor. In looking over 
I to the county comniis=iion- 
I jninciple in nuiking 
iiy. and the next but 
e luth to become spe- 
lietter circumstances, 
lesof their children 
found that buta^mall num- 
found their way to school. 
1825, Miles township reported 22 poor children, 
EUt to school ; Walker township returned 20, 
jou townsh p returned 48, and educated 0. It 
er, that the aversion to be classed among pau- 

pers was the only cause for the non-attendance of so largo a number of 
the poor children reported ; indifference on the part of parents, want of 
necessary clothing, and the great distance some had to the nearest 
school, from four to five miles, — these circumstances had an influence in 
swelling the number of those not attending. It would be interesting to 
know how many cliildren were educated at public expense from 18U9 to 
1835, but no records of this matter could ho found except for the year 
1825, when the number was 212. From 1810 to 1843 Centre County paid 
$'JGHG.G8 for tuition and stationery. 

"The foUowing is a form of a bill presented to the couuly commis- 
sioners for tuition of poor children : 

" Walker Township, Nov. 29, 1810. 
"Centre County, Pr. To Robert McBride, sdioolmaster, to the tuition 
of James and Kitty Ekin, Samuel and Jane Young, poor children, viz: 

James Ekin, 56 days, at 3 cents P D 
Kittv Ekin, 50 days, at 3 cents l» D 
Samuel Young. 4u days, at 3 cents 1» i 
Jane Young. 37 days, at 3 cents P I> 
To ^ fjuire of jiaper for Jane Y'ounp, 

81 r>8 

1 ()K 
1 20 
1 II 

Total Amount $582}^ 

" That the above-mentioned poor children a 
and write the English with Robert McBride, 

irning to Bpoll, read, 
eby certified by 
[N McCalmont. 
I. Smith." 

Howard Township. — Howard township was erected 
out of Centre at January sessions, 1810, or rather was 
the residue of Centre township after Walker 
township was carved therefrom at the same 1810. 
sessions. The southern boundnry of Howard 
commenced *' at the line of Spring township, between 
the two ridges of Bald Eagle (Muncy Mountain), in 
Antes' Gap, thence north about sixty degrees east 
along the same opening between said ridges until it 
intersected the line of Bald Engle township," a dis- 
tance of twelve miles ; " thence to the mouth of Beech 
Creek." It embraced its present territory, that of Lib- 
erty and Curtin, and a slice about three-quarters of 
a mile deep of the eastern sides of Boggs, Snow 
Shoe, and Burnside townships. 

Its inhabitants in 1810 were as follows : 

Antes, Frederick. 

Antes, John. 

Antes, Philip {grist and sa 

Askey, David. 

Askey, John. 

Askey, Samuel. 

Baker, Jacob (cjirpenter). 

Baker, Joseph (carpenter). 

Baker, Ross. 

Biithurst, Lawrence. 

Beightol, Christian (distille 

Beightol, David. 

Beightul, Jacob. 




Bitncr, John. 

Boggs, Moses. 

Boone, Jacob (s 

Bowes, Thnmas. 

Bowern, .John (distillery). 

B..«nian, Peter. 

Brickh-y, Michael. 

Byers, Jacob. 

Clark, John. 

Confer, Pliilip. 

Crawford, James, Esq. (shoemaker). 


Dougherty, Abel. 

Fulton, David (tailor). 

Fulton, Peter. 

Gardner, James, 

Gardner, John. 

Gardner, William. 

Gnnsalus, Richard. 

Hid ford, Mary. 

Hipsher, Daniel. 

Hipsher, Matthias. 

Holder, Jacob. 

Johnston, James (distillery). 

Kunes, Daniel. 

Lantz, Cliristian. 

Leathers, Daniel. 

Leathers, Jacob, Sr. 

Leathers, Jacob, Jr. 

Lee, Jacob. 

Leitch, Matthew. 

Ligget, Absalom (blacksmith). 

Liggot, George, Sr. 

Ligget, George, Jr. 

Linn, Andrew. 

Low, Patrick. 

Lucas, Benedict. 

Lucas, Biipli'^t. 

Lucas, Benjamin. 

Lucai, Cliarli-8. 

Lucas, John. 

Lucas, Joseph. 


Lucas, John, Jr, 

Lucns, Williiim. 

McCann, DarnabHS. 

McClure, James. 

McCluie, TlioiUHS. 

McGee, James, Sr. 

McGcp, James, Jr. 

Malott, John. 

Mareden, John. 

Mars.leD, Jonathan. 

Maraden, Justice. 

Martin, John. 

Meiise, Michael. 

Means, Arcliibald. 

Miors, SlaMhew. 

Miller, John (grist- and saw 

Neidley, John. 

Nesselrode, Christopher (saw 

Nesselrode, John. 

NefT, John (distillery). 

Packer, Amos (tan-yard). 

Packer, Eli. 

Packer, James (merchant). 

Askey, Pavid. 
Boone, John. 
Boone, Matthias. 
Byers, Thomas. 
Gardner, John, Jr. 
Gardner, Washington. 
Goodfellow, Isaac. 
Gunsalus, James. 
Guusalus, Samuel. 

Fletcher, Samuel. 

Reed, Blary. 

Reily, Hugh. 

KoMbaugh, John. 

Runner, Jacob (blacksmith). 

Schonck, Daniel. 

Scheuck, Frederick (blacksmith). 

Schenck, John. • 

Scheuck, Michael, Sr. 

Schencli, Michael, Jr. 

Shuck, Walter. 

Smith, John. 

Switzer, Joseph. 

Thompson, Robert (weaver). 

Tipton, David. 

Tipton, William (distillery). 

Tims, Absalom. 

Watkins, Samuel. 

White, John. 

White, Joseph, Sr. 

White, Joseph, Jr. 

Yarnell, Samuel. 

Single Freemen. 

Johnston, George (carpenter). 

Lee, Isaac. 

Long, Jacob. 

WcCiure, James. 

Fatten, John. 

Fletcher, He[iry. 

Lacy, George. 

Schc-nck, Rudolph. 

Smith, Aliraliam. 

Boggs & Curtin's forge i.s first taxed in 1813 ; James 
Crawford, Esq., grist- and saw-mill, 1815, transferred 
in 1816 to Isaac McKinney, who added carding- 
machine in 1819; Roland Curtin, furnace, 1819; nail- 
machine, 1820. In 1825 he acquired the grist- and 
saw-mill of Philip Antes by purchase. 

Walker township was erected at January ses- 
sions, 1810, and on request of the petitioners called so 
in honor of the president of the courts, Jonathan H. 
Walker, Esq. 

Its boundaries were as follows: '" Beginning at the 
line of Spring township, between the two ridges of 
Bald Eagle (Muncy Mountain) in Antes Gap; thence 
north about sixty degrees east twelve miles along the 
small opening between said ridges until it intersects 
the line of Bald Eagle township ; thence along the 
line of said township south about thirty degrees east 
six miles to the line of Miles township in the middle 
of the Nittany hills ; thence along said township line 
in said hills south about sixty degrees west twelve 
miles to the corner and line of Spring township; 
thence along the said line by the ridge gap and 
Lamb's Run to the place of beginning in Antes 
Gap." The real length of the north and south bound- 
aries are but ten miles ; its territory then included that 
of the present townships of Walker and Marion. 

The following were inhabitants of AValker (and 
Marion now) in 1810: 

Askey, James. Beck, Robert. 

Barr, William. Beck, Samuel. 

Beagly, Michael. Bell, James (weaver). 

Beck, James. Blakeney, John. 

Beck, John. Bowman, Peter. 

Beck, Nathaniel. Carson, John. 

Clark, James. 
Cooper, Ann. 
Duiikle, Jacob. 
Diinkb', John. 
Dnnkb-, Henry. 
Eld.-r, WilPani. 
Eineri.k, Jacob. 
Emeriik, Nicholas 

, David. 

, Thomai 


, Ale 

vedin 1S12 


Fnlton, John. 

Furey, William (n 

Graham, Francis. 

Hare, .loseph. 

Harrison, Jane (widow). 

Hoy, Henry (grist- and sa 

Hubler, .Jacob («aw-mill). 

Hutchinson, James (bhicksmitli)- 

Jamison, John. 

Joliuston, David (gri=t- and saw- 

Johnston, John. 

Johnsto[ibaugh, Frederick (car- 

Johnstonbangh, Jacob. 

Lamb, David. 

Lamb, John. 

L:imh, Samuel. 

Laesch, Za,chariah. 

Lefler, Adam. 

Leighly, Matthias. 

Leiser, Matthias. 

McCalmont, John. 

McCalmont, Tlinmas, Sr. 

McCalmont, Thomas, Jr. 

McClelland, Archibald. 

McCren, .lames. 

McKlhenny, John. 

MiE«en, Krainis (naw-mlll). 

.McEucn, William, Esq. 

SIcKee, Thonnis. 

MclCec, Willinni. 

McKinney, Isaac (dletilhry and 

McKinney, Samncl (rulling-mill). 
Means, Samuel fwraver). 
Bliller, John (weaver). 
Millikvn, Thomas. 
Mitchell, lluviU. 
Neil, Hugh. 
Uodgers, William (removed in 

Rose, Slary. 
Smyth, William. 
Snydei-, Henry. 
Snyder, John. 
Spencer, Tliomas. 
Steere, James. 

Steere, Joseph, Sr. (saw-raill). 
Stump, Jacob (weaver). 
Swaniey, William. 
Syler, Jlichael. 
Taggart, Samuel. 
Tliomi«on, John (removed 1812). 
Weaver, John. 
Wilson, John. 
Wilson, Thomas 
Wilson, Thomas 
Wilson, Willian 
Wilson, Willian 
Wilson, Willian 
Wooils, John. 
Young, Robert. 

1, Sr. 

1, Jr. 


1 (son of Willi! 

1 (sou of Thon 


Clark, James. 
Emerick, Adam. 
Emerick, John. 
Frederick, Thomas. 
Fulton, Alexander. 
Harrison, Thomas. 
SIcCrea, James. 
McCrea, John. 
McClelland, Hugh, Jr. 

In 1814, William Smyth is taxed with a tavern;' 
in 1816, John Snyder, Jr., with tavern and distillery ; 
and in 1821, Henry Hacker with a carding-machine. 

The population of Centre County in 1810 was as 


II, W 





on, H 












, J.ise 



, Sam 





B.ild K;ii;li. 

Included in above, one slave in Bald Eagle, nine- 
teen free negroes in Bellefonte, and ninety-five free 
negroes in the other townships. 

In 1810, Moses Boggs and Roland Curtin, Sr., 
erected a forge upon the )>resent site of Eagle Works, 
manufacturing hammered iron. This article chiefly 
found market at Pittsburgh, whither it was transferred 
by wagons. It was worth at the forge five cents a 
pound. The old Eagle Furnace was built by Mr. 
Curtin in 1818. Tlie ore was procured from Xittauy 



riavel Roan in 1810 made a visit to Centre County, 
of which he kept a journal : July 3d, fed at Miles', in 
Aaronsburg, and then went to Joseph Gilliland's. On 
the 4th he calls at Esquire Barber's and Woods', and 
attends a great entertainment at Hon. A ndrew Gregg's, 
from whence he goes to Mrs. Eaken's. On the 5th he 
stopped at Mrs. Vanhorne's tavern, who he remarks 
as a very fashionable old lady, and then dines at 
James Potter's, Dr. Dobbins being of the company. 
On the 6th he calls again at Barber's, took dinner 
with Joseph Gilliland, and riding on saw the grave 
where Nuby (Newby) was stolen from. Then I rode 
into the woods, and stripped and searched for a bug 
that was molesting me; stopped at Millheim and 
talked with the doctor about Nuby ; slept with Mc- 
Clung at Duncan's, etc. 7th, called at Minister Ilgeu's 
and at Motz's. 

John Newby came from Chester County; had been 
educated for the ministry, and was wealthy, but 
meeting with misfortunes lie came to Centre County 
and stopped with Joseph Gilliland, whom he had 
known in Chester County. Mr. Gilliland procured 
him a school, which he taught for some years; but 
intemperate habits got the better of him, and he came 
to Mr. Gilliland's to die. Dr. William Westhoven, 
then practicing in Millheim, attended him, and 
having for some reason a desire for a post-mortem 
engaged a couple of men to take up the body. After 
removing the body they failed to fill in the grave 
properly, and the robbery of the tomb was discovered. 
Newby's grave was in the old East Presbyterian 
churchyard, east of Penn Hall, and Dr. Westoven indicted for misdemeanor and tried at August 
term, 1810. Daniel Kennely, William Edmundson, 
Robert McClelland were witnesses. The doctor plead 
guilty, and was fined one dollar, with costs, and to 
confinement in the county jail for forty-eight hours. 
The excitement was so great Dr. Westoven removed 
the valley into Kishacoquillas. 

Newby's death from intemperance makes an anec- 
dote Hon. Andrew Gregg was accustomed to relate, 
.perhaps proper in the connection. Mr. Gregg and 
Robert Pennington were of the most powerful men 
physically of the valley. At a barn-raising sides were 
cliosen, and they were put at the head of the opposing 
co-workers. After raising a certain -barn a proposition 
was made for a drinking match, the whiskey as usual 
on such occasions being loose around, with tin cups 
for the thirsty. Gregg had to make choice of his 
party, and was looking over the crowd with that 
intent when some one whispered, "Take Robert Pen- 
nington." Mr. Gregg was taken aback, as Mr. Pen- 
nington was a local preacher, but adopted the s6g- 
gestion, and the result, he added, was " Robert drank 
them all drunk, and walked home at no apparent 

In January, 1811, licenses were recommended for 
Joseph Gilliland, of Potter, William Westhoven, of 
Haines, Enoch Hastings, of Bellefonte, John Brisbin, 

of Ferguson, and James Johnston, of Ferguson, to keep 
hotel. Also at April sessions for Elijah Chambers, 
of Ferguson, James Newell, Potter, Joseph 
Kl,eckner, Haines, and Thomas Paul, of Belle- 1811. 
fonte. At August sessions, 1811, the grand 
jury, John M. Beuck, foreman, recommended repairs 
to the jail on account of the escape of prisoners. At 
August sessions the road from Antes' mill to Marsh 
Creek, near Benjamin Lucas' mill-dam, three miles 
and a half. At the same sessions George Stover, of 
Aaronsburg, Frederick Dale, of Ferguson, Godfrey 
Harlofl', Miles, Isaac Goon, Patton, Samuel Miles, 
Aaronsburg, Cornelius Dale, Ferguson, John Wrigly, 
Philipsburg, were recommended for license to keep 



In September, 1812, a rifle company left Centre 
County commanded by Capt. Joseph Kleckner, Lieut. 
John Jones, Ensign Jacob Lutz, and proceeded 
to Black Rock. No roll of this company has 1812. 
been preserved. (See notice of this company 
in Potter township.) The following is a miscellaneous 
list of soldiers who either went from Centre County 
or afterwards resided in the county, without reference 
other than indicated to their companies, 1812-14: 

Armor, James, miinicd Rutli, daugliter of Gen. Benner; died Mnrch 24, 

1S77, nt Itis iilacc iwav BeUefonte, aged 82 years. He also served as 

quarteiniiiBter in tlie war of 1801. 
Armor, William, fifer Copt. W. F. Buyers' coninany; at Marcus Hook 

iu 1814; died in Bellefonte, July 31, ISol, agod 05. 
Ainior, Samuel, died in Potter townsliip, Octuln-r lOtli. 
Bayard, A. W., M.D. died Nov. 19, 1860, aged 71. He had a number of 

scars, and was buried witli the honors of war in the Bellefonte 

Brisbin, Joseph. 
Call, William, buried at Zion. 
Croneniiller, George. 

Dornblazer, John, died Oct. 17, 1862, buried at Jacksonville. 
Druekemiller, Michael, sjldier of war 1S12, died in Centre County, Juuo 

2:i, 1833, aged 73 years. 
Duffy, John, died at Boalsbnrg. 
Gdl, Jacob, died at Pleasant Gap, Dec. 22, 1880, aged 88. He belongjd to 

Capt. Ner Mi JJleaworlh's company, Marcus Hook, October, 1814. He 

was father of twelve children. 
Gill, William, Capt. Henry Miller's company, from New Berlin, Nov. 10, 

1814; died at Dcllefi.ute, Nov. 21, 1676, 89 years old. 
Hasson, Hon. John. 
Harris, Samuel, died Aug. 21, 1805. 
Harphani, James. 
Hubler, Jacob. 
Keller, Peter. 

Kelley, William, died in Huston township. 

Kliuo, J. Georife, born in New York ; died June 28, 1853, aged 63 years. 
Lambourne, Abraham. 
Lambourne, Isaac. 
Mallory, Isaac. 

Martin, James, buried at Jacksonville. 
Peters, Casper. 
Poorman, John. 
Reighard, Joseph. 
Schreffler, Cbailcs. 



Strotib, George. 

Simw, .lolin. 

Wiillz, Juhii G., (lied 16th Dec. 1870, nt Pleasant Gap. 

Wiley, Tlionias. 

M'ilrion, Saniuel Hunter, sergeant Capt. Buyers' company, Nortliumber- 
latiil County Blues. 

In 1870 there were still living in Centre County the following soldiers of 
the war of 1812: John i;ony, Charles Friar, William Gill, Jacob 
Gill, John Norman, George Swcetwood, John ShalTer, Michael 
Sliullz, John Suavely, and Peter Weaver, and the widows of five 
others,— Mi-s. Mary Smith, Mrs. Margaret Bathuret, Mrs. Catheriue 
llarpham, M]s. Ann Bryou, and Mi-s. Hannah Strok. 


The following is the roll of Capt. George 
Records' company of volunteers from Centre 
County May 5 to Nov. 8, 1813 : 

Captain, George Records, died in 18u0, in Huston township; buried in the 
Brown graveyard. 

First lieutenant, John Wilson. 

Second lieutenant, John Shannon, lived in Potter township ; thence re- 
moved to Venango County in 1827, eight miles east of Franklin, 
where ho died in 1.S73. 

Thiid lieutenant, Archibald Moore, son of Robert .Moore, resided above 



Ensign, Joseph Long. 

Sergeants, Isaac Lambourne (resided in Half-Moon), John Hunter 
(brother of Hubert Hunter, of Benncr township), Henry McEwen 
(of Walker township, son of Henry McEweu, of Potter, who wa5 a 
soldier of the Eevolutio)i), Peter Smith (removed from Potter town- 
ship to Venango County), Robert Eakon (of Haines township, re- 
i; oved to Wooster, Ohio; he was with Perry on the fleet, and had a 

Corjiorals, Thomas Green, Robert Tate, Henry Bathurat (resided near 
Cnrtin'd works, in Boggs township), George Freeby (resided in 
Penn's valley, and died there). 

Fifer, Samuel Dunn. 

Drummer, John Rice. 

Ackernian, John. 

Adiimson, William, resided near Spring Mills. 

Allison, Saniuel L., Cedar Spring, Nittany valley, son of Matthew Alli- 
Eun, Esq. ; died May 5, 18GG, aged seventy-six ; buried in Cedar Hill 
tienietery, Clinton County. 

Animerman, Joseph, lived in Boggs township. 

Askey, Samuel. Periy would not take Askey on the fleet because he was 
a married man ; died in Snow Shoe, May 25, 1857, aged eighty-one. 

Bardwell, Solomon. 

Beigcr, Jacob. 

Blair, William, uncle of Gen. Williiim H. Blair, of Bellefoute; removed 
to Richland County, Ohio; he had a medal. 

Bower.^, Joseph. 

Boyd, Alexander. 

Brady, William P., cabinet-maker in Aaronsburg many years ; sergeant- 
at-arnis of l^eiinsylvauia Senate. 

Brian, George. 

Bright, George, was a hatter, who resided in .\aronsburg, 

Brosiu-i, Jacob, resided on Buffalo Run. 

Cochran, Samuel. 

Cook, John.. 

Croneniiih-r, Martin, was a bl.icksmith of Aaronsburg; lie ixlso received 
a lor servic:es ou the fleet ; after the war ho removed to Pot- 
ter's Mills. 

Eaken, Robert, had a medal ; went to Ohio, near Wooster. 

Eiiierich, Joseph. 

Fleming, John. 

Gardiner, Samuel, the well-known tide pilot at Howard. 

Gibbons, John. 


, Jan 

llaserty, .lames, Bellefonte. 

HmII, John. 

llannah, Andrew, son-in-law of Jamca Cook, Esq., and lived below 

Spring Mills. 
Harper, George. 

Harper, Henry, from Miles township. 

Hoover, AVilliam, of Boggs township, died In Curwc-.isville from a fait. 
Huff, William. 

Kommercr, John. 

Landis, John. 

Long, David. 

Lucas, Julin, known as Perry John Lncas, received a medal; died in 
Snow Shoo, Sept. 27, 18.08, aged ninety years. 

Lucas, Noble, one-eyed man, resided in Boggs township. 

Lyons, William. 

McClain, John, Walker township. 

McClearn, Joseph. 

McClelland, Hugh. 

McClintock,Jolin, Penn's valley, near CiUiland's. 

McCloskey, Alexander, Potter township. 

McCoy, John. 

McCray. Robert. 

McKee, William. 

Mclvelips, Alexander. 

MeKiiiney, Samuel, Walker township. 

McNiuil, James, Lamar township, now Clinton County. 

McNilt, John. 

Mayes, William, lived and died in Potter township. 

Meanes, Edward, lived below Curlin's works. 

Mitchell, David, horn Nov. 28, 1700; died March 27,1843; was also on 
the fleet. His widow, Eliza, daughter of Hon. Andrew Gregg, still 
living in Bellefonte, 1881. 

Mitchell, James, brother of above, and of Hon. John Mitchell, mem- 
ber Congress and canal commissioner. 

Moore, John. 

Moore, William. 

Morrison, Joseph. 

Moyer, Henry. 

Murray, George, father of William A. Mnrraj-, Esq., member of House 
of Representatives, 1880-81. George Murray died in College town- 
ship Sept. la, 1878, aged eighty-seven yeai-s,six months, three days. 

Murray, William, brother of above, who were sons of Levi Murray, 

Newell, William, Ferguson township. 

Packer, Jolmston, sou of Aaron Packer, and cousin to the late Governor 
William F. Packer. Johnston Packer was drowned in BalJ Eagle 
Creek, near Howard, in 1824. 

Pearce, Brittain. 

Reichly, George. 

Rineheart, Frederick. 

Ross, James. 

Sawyer, William, tailor; lived and died in Marion township, July 27, 
1805, aged eighty nine. 

Senser, Jacob, fiom neighborhood of XJnionville. 

Sharp, David. 

Sheaffer, Michael. 

Shirk, John, lived near Milesburg. 

Shook, Charles. 

Silhammer, John, saddler, of Bellefonte; killed in action on the fleet, 
Sept. 10, lSl;i. 

Smith, Arthur, resided above XJnionville. 

Smitli, Joseph. 

Sniilh, Philip. 

Sniveley, John, died in Nittany valley; buried in St. Paul's, Lamar 

Steiilienson, Thomas, lived near McKibben's, now Potter township, Clin- 
ton County; buried Presbyterian churchyard at Jacksonville; died 
Feb. 2(i, 1878, aged ninety -one. 

Stewart, Archibald. 

Stewart, Hugh. 

Taylor, William. 

Underwood, John,' stoker for Gen. Bonner ; drowned in Harris Run, near 
Bellefonte, April, 1840. 

Wagner, Willi;ini. (Sec biographical sketches.) 

Williams, Enoch. 

Woolf, Jacob. 

Dr. Joseph Henderson was appointed from Centre 
County, on the recommendation of Hon. Andrew 

1 On the occasion of a militia battalion at Benuer Waddle's after the 
war, John Underwood seized a box of swarming bees, and marched 
against the formed regiment, and dispereed oQIcers and men half-way 
over the township. 




to" '3 

IN 1 I SI I sK>N^ Ol HIS 



Gregg, a lieutenant in the regular army, and served 
at Lundy's Lane and through the war. He was after- 
wards member of Congress from this district. 

The following ballad was printed at the office of 
the American Fatriof, Bellefonte, Feb. 4, 1814, and 
sold by the author, Samuel Taggert : 


Composed by Samdel Taggert. 

Tune: "Soldier's Return." 

■W'I)en poets strung their Iiarps and e 

Tire prnise of gallaiit Perry, 
And Ills brave crew did subdue 

Bold Barclay on Lake Erie; 
Wlien illuniiuatious' dazzling glare 

Had struck my mind with wonder 
Loud acclamations rent the air, 

I set me duwu to iiouder. 

I thought on those whom fate of w.n 

Had either killed or wounded. 
And from relations moved far, 

By strangers all suironnded ; 
I thought on Erie's watery bed, 

Where heroes now lie sleeping. 
Who for their country boldly bled, 

I scarce refrained from weeping. 

When lo ! a voice soon struck mine 

And stopt n>y meditation, 
An aged female there appeared 

To my imagination. 
She cries, Alas ! my son, my son. 

Art thou now gone forever? 
The cruel war has me undone — 

Behold thee shall I never ? 


With anxious eye I viewed the dame, 

Ami asked her why she grieved ; 
But deep distress had seized her frame, 
No answer I received. 

nier, thou art dead, 
1 foe ha?! slain thee, 
upport my aged head? 
tone left to maintain me 

, Sill 

I recognize the gallant youth, — 

He was a sadillc-maker ; 
I sympatliized with her in truth, 

And by her hand did take her. 
Your son has gaineil a lasting fan: 

When cowards are foigotten, 
And lisping babes shall sing his r 

When lie lies dead and rotten. 

In Bellefonte town his praise rebonnds, 

When in the hour of dangei: 
His gallant deeds will there be found 

Recorded in the ranger. 
Cool, firm, and calm, tliis brave young m 

For victory contended; 
Although grim death was near at hand. 

His couutry^s cause defended. 

A ball well aimed from Britons cam^. 

And on our di'ck did rattle ; 
This gallant youth picked the same, 

AUintlie heart of battle, 
And to the gunner this did say 

Witli cool dechiration : 
Return this bail ami fire away, 

They are flinching from their station. 

But fate decreed thi-; youth should bleed, 

Who feared no war's alarm : 
On the deatli list his name we read,— 

He died in victory's arms. 
In a watery grave this youth we li'ave ; 

May anguls guard his slnniber 
Till heaven's artiUery shall give 

Its hist tremendous thund(.-r I 



The Centre Bank of Pennsylvania was the style 
under which a quasi banking business was done by 
individuals under articles of association as 
early as November, 1813. in Bellefonte; 1813. 
Roland Ciirtin, Nov. 23, 1813, being its 
earliest customer. Thomas Buruside's name appears 



under date of November 24th; Philip Benner and 
John Dunlop, November 26th. Andrew Gregg was 
president, and .Tohii Norris, cashier. A note has 
been preserved issued 24th December, 1813, letter 13, 
No. 2858. The vignette is an agricultural scene, 
and the general engraving coarse. 

On the 23d of January, 1814, twenty-four directors 
were elected, as follows: Andrew Gregg, James Potter, 
Jr., James Duncan, John Irvin, Roland Curtin, 
James Harris, .Joseph Miles, Charles Huston, Thomas 
Burnside, Elisha Moore, John Dunlop, Philip Benner, 
John G. Lowrey, Isaac McKinney, Lyons Mussina, 
John Rankin, Hamilton Humes, of Centre County, 
William Brown, Jr., James Chreswell, and John Mc- 
Dowell, of MifHin County, John Turk and John 
Hays, of Lycoming County, William Hayes, of Union 
County, and Robert Allison, of Huntingdon. An- 
drew Gregg was elected president, and February 4th 
John Norris, cashier, calls for the seventh and eighth 
installments of stock to be paid in. 

On the 19th of March, 1814, Governor Snyder 
vetoed the bill establishing banking districts in the 
State and authorizing the incorporation of 
1814. a large number of banks, but on the 21st the 
act was passed by a two-thirds vote over his 
veto, Michael Bolinger, the member from Centre, 
and Hon. Thomas Burnside, State senator, voting for 
the bill. This act provided, inter alia, that the coun- 
ties of Centre, Clearfield, McKean, Lycoming, Potter, 
and Tioga should be a district, and might establish 
a bank, to be called the Centre Bank of Pennsyl- 

It was provided that five thousand shares might be 
subscribed for in the counties of Centre, Clearfield, 
and McKean, and five thousand shares in the counties 
of Lycoming, Potter, and Tioga, and when half the 
amount was subscribed and twenty per cent, paid in, 
letters patent should issue. The twenty per cent, 
seems to have beeu all that was paid in, amounting to 
fifty thousand dollars capital, in shares of fifty dollars 

Promptly on the 24th of March, Andrew Gregg and 
the other commissioners named in the act gave notice 
that books would be opened for subscriptions to the 
capital stock of the new bank at various public-houses 
in the different counties. From an interesting article 
prepared by E. C. Haines, Esq., of Bellefonte, for 
" Maynard Industries and Institutions of Centre 
County" (Republican office, Bellefonte, 1877), we ex- 
tract the following notice of this bank. Joseph 
Miles was teller and book-keeper. The bank was 
located in the corner room of the stone dwelling- 
house owned by the heirs of Roland Curtin, Jr., and 
occupied (1882) by Mrs. Eliza Curtin, his widow, on 
the corner of Allegheny and Howard Streets. 

Resting upon the floor a vault, so called, was pliiced, 
resembling a modern closet. It was securely fastened 
at the closing of the bank each day by a lock manu- 
factured by a clever blacksmith, a mechanic of the 

town. The main security consisted in the fact that 
a watchman, who nightly occupied a watch-house 
which stood at the edge of the pavement, was always 
on duty, and, it was said, never "bobbed" an eye. 
The watch-house octagonal, and resembled an 
old-fashioned lantern, diameter three feet one ijy five 
feet eight in height. Inside was a board six feet in 
length and inclined, which served as the resting-place 
of the watchman. 

It was the usual custom of the watchman to cry 
the hours of the night, which was done punctually 
by Eli Cadwallader, who was a cooper by trade, and 
performed this duty under the direction of the officers 
of the bank. " Half-past twelve o'clock and all is 
well," was his midnight announcement. Cadwalla- 
der was succeeded by Nathan Longhead. 

The following is a copy of one of the notes issued 
by this bank : 

"The Prcsidont and Biioclors & Co. of the Centre Bank of Pennsjl- 
vania promise to pay R. Allison, or bearer, on demand, five Dollai's. 
Bellefonte, 1st of June, 1815. 

"Jno. NoRttis, Ca»hUr. Andrew Grego, Prcs." 

Nov. 6, 1815, the bank declared a dividend of nine 
per cent., and in 1816 a dividend of eight per cent. 
Installments of stock, according to Mr. Humes, were 
paid by notes of the stockholders in many instances. 
On one occasion John Boyd, of Northumberland, 
came up with a large amount of notes for redemption. 
The directors were equal to the emergency. They 
gave Mr. Boyd a supper at Evan Miles' liotel, and 
treated him so cordially that he was persuaded to re- 
turn with the identical notes he brought. In 1817 
the bank suspended specie payment and made an 
issue of "shin-plasters," signed by the then teller, 
Joseph Miles. Before the suspension a farmer from 
Half-Moon brought in a large amount of notes for 
redemption. Mr. Norris not being able to convince 
him of the solvency of the bank, directed him to be 
paid in five-franc pieces. The farmer not being able 
to carry them conveniently, concluded to leave the 
funds on deposit, which, as Mr. Humes remarks, be- 
came a permanent one, in consequence of the bank's 

Oct. 12, 1826, John Norris, cashier, gave notice to 
the stockholders that an election would be held for 
five trustees to close the concerns of the bank on the 
20th of November. 

Sept. 1, 1835, James Gregg, agent, gives notice to 
all stockholders to meet the trustees on the 27th of 
October, when it is proposed to deliver over to the 
owners of the stock, or their representatives, bonds, 
notes, or judgments bearing interest to the amount 
of their stock. The aftairs of this bank were there- 
fore settled up without loss of capital at least. 

The American Patriot.— The first paper published 
in Bellefonte of which any files are preserved was 
issued Saturday, Feb. 15, 1814, by Alexander Hamil- 
ton, next door south of the bank, and called the 
American Patriot. The bank, which was known as 



the Centre Bank of Pennsylvania, was located in terson waa'United States collector, with his office at 

the house, corner of Howard and Allegheny Streets, ] Potter's Mills. The internal duty on pig-iron was 

now, 1882. I one dollar per ton, iron castings one dollar and fifty 

Mr. Hamilton's motto was: cents, leather five per cent, ad valorem, etc. 

"Tu speak his tlimiglits 
Is every fioeraim's right." 

No indication of his political sentiments can be 
gathered from editorials, as there are no political edi- 
torials, but his prospectus announces his principles to 1 
be "Democratic Republican, devoid of the factious 
spirit of Democracy, which unfortunately is too often 
taken as the most veritable testimony of Reijublican 
zeal," whatever that might mean. There are three 
volumes of his paper in existence. The last paper, 
No. 52, Sept. 22, 1817, no doubt closed his editorial 
career in Bellefonte. (Seebiogniphical sketch.) A list 
of the directors-elect of the bank on the 3d of Janu- 
ary, and that on the 10th of January (Andi-ew Gregg, 
Esq., was unanimously elected president), is the first 
and only local ; Tussey Furnace for rent by William 
Pattbn ; poem by Samuel Taggert, entitled " Perry's 
Victory ;" a call for an installment of Centre Bank 
stock subscription, John Nurris, cashier ; list of let- 
ters in Bellefonte post-office, Dec. 13, 1813, R. T. 
Stewart, postmaster ; W. C. Welch's advertisement 
for apprentices to the shoemaking trade; and Wil- 
iam Potter's advertisement of Slab Cabin lands, etc., 
are the only advertisements. 

The prices current for flour are noted in No. 7 : 
April 2, 1814, at Philadelphia, seven dollars and 
sixty-two cents per barrel, while at Baltimore the 
price was five dollars and seventy-five cents. W. 
H. Patterson, United States collector of Nineteenth 
District of Aaronsburg, gives notice that keepers 
of boarding-houses who also charge for liquor used 
in their houses, physicians, apothecaries, surgeons, 
and chemists are required to take out license. 

In May, 1814, Capt. William G. Green, Fourth 
Regiment U. S. A., opened a recruiting-office at 
Bellefonte, and with the aid of his drummer, Daniel 
Smith, obtained a number of recruits for the regular 
army. May 28th, the county commissioners advertise 
for workmen to erect the new jail. In June, Lewis 
Swinehart and John Smith had in operation a new 
carding-machine and factory in Potter township. On 
Tuesday, October 8th, occurred the sad accident which 
caused the death of John Dunlop, Esq., the promi- 
nent iron manufacturer. He was caught and severely 
crushed by a body of falling earth in a mine bank. 
James Whitehill had a tilt-hammer at the end of 
Nittany Mountain, where he manufactured spades 
and shovels. He is said to have manufactured the 
first double-bit axes. John Anderson also erected his 
fulling-mill on Beech Creek during this year. Job 
Packer also established his fruit-tree nursery on Bald 
Eagle. The act of Congress of 23d of December 
placed a duty of twenty cents a gallon on distilled 
spirits, in addition to license duty. William H. Pat- 



Erection of Rush Township.— At April sessions, 
1814, Rusli township was erected, or rather Half- 
Moon divided by the Bald Eagle Creek as a line. 
The commissioners for dividing the township were 
Roland Curtin, Charles Treziyulny, and John Don- 
lop. The petitioners had recommended the name of 
Perry for the new township they were asking for, with 
which recommendation the commissioners agreed, and 
recommended" to the court; "and as the name of 
Half-Moon would not be properly applicable to the 
remaining portion north of Bald Eagle Creek," the 
commissioners suggested to the court the propriety of 
calling it Rush township, "as a small tribute of re- 
spect to the memory of the truly venerable and super- 
eminent Dr. Benjamin Rush." 

The court (Walker, president) coincided with the 
views on the name of " Rush" for the northwestern 
division ; but said we are sorry we cannot agree with 
the views as to the name of the southeastern portion, 
and named the old Half-Moon portion "Jenner," 
"after the immortal Jenner, who under God has 
been the means of saving so many millions of lives." 
The people, however, were reluctant to part with the 
old name, and in January, 1815, the name of " Jen- 
ner" was altered to "Half-Moon." 

The boundary of Rush commenced at the red-oak 
on the Huntingdon County line at the head of Bald 
Eagle Creek ; thence ran along Bald Eagle Creek to 
where Martha Furnace is now ; thence by the line of 
Patton township to the Moshannon. It embraced all 
of the present townships of Taylor and Worth, except 
the strip between Bald Eagle Ci-eek and Muncy Moun- 
tain, and the portion of Rush west of the continua- 
tion of the line of Patton, as it then was, through the 
present country of Rush. 

At April sessions, 1815, commissioners having re- 
ported in favor of making the top of the Allegheny 
Mountain the boundary between Rush and Half- 
Moon townships, the court confirmed their report, 
and the wliole of the territory of the present town- 
ships of Taylor and Worth was placed within that of 
Half-Moon township. 

The inhabitants in Rush township in 1814 were as 
follows : 



CnuMocli, Tho 
Cniwel, Bnsil. 


, \Vi 

Englnnil, Job(l)lucl;9milh). 
Kiigliiml, Nun {miller). 
K.-].hiiit, Aiulrcw. 
I.i>rain, John (store). 
JlcCoy, Dennis. 

riiilips & Deweca (grist- 
riiilps, Ilnrilmnn. 
IteCB, John Christian. 
Simler, Charles (tavern). 
Siniler, Henry (slioeniukc 
Shultz, John. 
Spangler, George. 
Turner, Saninel 
Weld, John (carpenter). 

In 1817, Jacob Test is assessed with a tavern, and 
James McGirlc established his store. In 1819, Henry 
Lorain is assessed as postmaster, and Phillips & 
Dewees with a forge ; William Bagshaw, clerk and 
manager. James McGirk is assessed with a tan- 
yard in 1822, and Thomas Hancock, tavern. John 
Flegal, tavern, in 1824, and John Matthias, school- 
master, the same year; and Philips, Plumbe & Co., 
with screw-mill and machinery, tilt-hammer, and 
wire-drawing machinery. Screw-factory is assessed 
in 1822. 

Erection of Boggs Township.— On the 28th of 
August, 1814, the court confirmed the report of the 
commissioners appointed for the purpose of dividing 
Spring township, and named the western portion 
" Boggs," in honor of Hon. Robert Boggs, deceased. 

The boundary of Boggs commenced at a corner of 
Howard and Walker townships, between the two 
ridges of Bald Eagle (Muucy?) Mountain, in Antes 
Gap; thence south about sixty degrees west ten miles 
along the small opening between said ridge until it 
intersects the line of Patton township; thence along 
the line of Patton northward until it intersected 
the line of Clearfield County ; thence along the line 
of Clearfield County to the corner of Howard town- 
ship ; thence southward to the place of beginning in 
Antes Gap. 

Besides its present territory, Boggs then embraced 
that of Union, Snow Shoe, and Burnside townships. 

The eastern portion of the division of Spring was 
called Covington, after Leonard Covington, who fe.ll 
at the battle of Williamsburg, but at April sessions, 
1815, on the petition of the inhabitants of the town- 
ship, the township was awarded its old name, 

The inhabitants of the township of Boggs in 1815: 

Boggs, Ticrney (brewery and Dialt- 

Adams, John. 
.Alexander, James. 
Alexander, Joseph. 
Alexander, Willian 

Antes, Frederick. 
Antes, John. 
Baruhart, Henry. 
Bnrnhart, Philip, Sr. 
Baruhart, Philip, Jr. 
Barr, Henry. 
Barr, William. 
Batlnirst, Archibald. 
Berger, Jacob. 
Blair, Eleanor. 
Blair, David. 
Blair, William. 
Biggs, Henrietta (widow). 
Boggs, Moses (store). 

Boggs, Robert. 
Brooks, William. 
Baflfington, IsajLC. 
Oallioon, Peter. 
Campbell, Willian 
Collins, James. 
Crawford, Thomas 
Crow, John. 
Davis, Bianson. 


, Thomas. 

ti, James, 
n, Samuel. 


Eckard, Jacob. 
Eekley, Joliu. 
Eisenhower, Henry. 
Elder, 51oscs. 
Essingtou, Joseph. 

Farr, John. 
Feltzer, Widow. 
Feltzor, Michael. 
Fisher, William (saw-mill 
Foster, James, Esq. 
Foster, Walter. 
Green, Hannah (tavern). 
Green, James. 
Green, Joseph. 

id JoliB 



, San 

Green, Thomas. 
Wall, James. 
Wall, Thonuis. 
Henry, James, 
Hinton, Isaac. 
Hinton, John. 
Holmes, Tliomas. 
Holt, James. 
Holt, .Tolin. 
Hoover, Jacob. 
Hoover, John. 
Hntton, John. 
Hntton, Joseph. 
Iddings, James. 
Iddings, John. 
Irwin, John, Sr. 
Irwin, John, Jr. 
Jacobs, George. 
Kellinger, Jacob. 
Kirk, John. 
Lee, Abraham. 
Lee, Isaac. 
Lee, William. 
Leiliot, William. 
Lipton, Itobert. 
Little, Samuel. 
Lucas, John (tavern). 
Lucas, Nicholas. 
McClain, Chailes. 
McClure, Hugh. 
McCloskcy, Thomas. 
McMullen, Daniel. 
McMulleu, Widow. 
McWilliams, Alexande 
Malone. Widow. 
Moans, John. 
Meudeuhall, John. 

Adams, John. 

Adams, William. 

Barr, James. 

Barr, John. 

Blair, John. 

Clotz, Cliristopher. 

Curry, John (forgeman). 

Fetzer, Andrew. 

Greeu, Samuel. 

Hall, William. 

Henry, Thomas. 

Harris, John (shoemaker). 

Lee, William. 

Ilcmleuhall, Williai 
Middleton, JamcH. 
Mile*, Elim. 
Mil's, JanMr. 
IMilcK, John. 
Milea, Jom^iIl, 

gri4t- and saw 
Itliles, Sa«iuc.J. 
IPanions, Isaac, 
rarsuna, Jamei. 
ITareons, Tliomas. 
Il'ersone. losepli. 
(Peters, Aath^By. 
retejs, LawreiiCR. 
IPeters, Lcouard. 
IPoomian, Michael ^taTem). 
IPot«s, tThuiiax (sawviuill^ 
Dlober^e, James. 
Slockey, Uenry. 
Ross, Cast»er. 
(Russ^L, Jameg. 
Itynian, David. 
Sen'fer, George. 
Sen**er, Jacob. 
Seneer, John. 
Shirk, loltu, Sr. 
ShiTt, John, Jr. 
Shirks ffoscpk (ttan.;ar^). 
Shiric, Widow. 
Steel, BobeKfa 
Tavlor, CaJeb. 
Taylor, JouiUUan. 
Taylor, Philip. 
Tierne}', Padidc H. 
Tiley, Edward. 
M-alker, Andrew, 
Walker, John. 
Wallace, Robert. 
Walters, Chnstian. 
M'atson, Thomaa. 
Werti, Jacob. 
Wertt, George. 
White, Joseph, Jr. 
Withcrit'', JlichaeL 
Woods, William. 
Yelhci'S, Daniel. 

, Ezekiel. 


Lewis, Caleb. 
Lyttte, Samuel (weaver). 
McCIcao, Peter (shoeniak«r). 
McNeely, John (mason). 
Mulholland, Daniel. 
Kixou, Sanmel. 
PoortMan, MicliaeL 
Kussell, James (forgeman). 
Shirlc, Jacob. 
Senser, Jolm. 
Seuser, Frederick. 
Thompson, James. 

Miles' slitting- and rolling-mill added to forge in 
1819, now Liun & McCoy. Peter Hoover and John 
McKee, schoolmasters, 1823; John Boggs, 1825. 

In 1814 the din of arms quelled political clamor, 
and the election was altogether one-sided. The Ameri- 
can. Palriol published that Isaac Wayne, the 
Federal candidate, had withdrawn, and the 1814. 
vote on the 11th of October in Centre for Simon 
Snyder for Governor was 1 127 to 32 for Wayne. Bard 
for Congress had 1095 votes to 89 for John Blair. 
Jacob Kryder's vote for Assembly is not given, but 



Isaac McKinley had 366 for county cominissioner. 
John Banner had 570 votes to 483 for James Craw- 
ford and William Kerr. John Mitchel and Stephen 
Davis were elected auditors. 

February 9th, David Knox, son of Galbraith Knox, 

of Buffalo Run, was killed while felling a tree. The 

blow killed him instantly. February 18th, 

1815. Roland Ciirtin and Moses Boggs dissolved 
partnership, Roland Curtin becoming sole 

owner of Eagle Forge. On Friday, February 17th, 
the treaty of peace wag ratified by the United States 
Senate. Capt. Jonathan Kearsley (who was married 
to Miss Valentine) was appointed assistant adjutant- 
general United States army, to date from Aug. 20, 1814, 
■when he lost his leg near Fort Erie. 

The annals of this year chronicle the arrival of 
the Valentine brothers and William A. Thomas, as 
tenants of the iron-works of John Dunlop, deceased. 
They operated under a lease from Hon. Charles 
Huston and John G. Lowrey, administrators, until 
the 1st of October, 1821, when the forge and furnace 
tracts, together with the Galesburg ore banks, as 
they were called, were purchased by Samuel Val- 
entine, Jacob Valentine, George Valentine, Robert 
Valentine, and William A. Thomas, for the sum of 
fourteen thousand dollars, at Orphans' Court sale, of 
the real estate of John Dunlop; the latter's half-in- 
terest in the Washingtou Works was sold shortly after 
his death to Alexander Irvine, of Baltimore, for five 
thousand dollars. 

At January sessions a road was laid out from Miles- 
burg, commencing between John Shirks and Joseph 
Green and running to Goodfellow's, at Curtin 

1816. Forge, and the old road from near Antes' mill 
to opposite Milesburg bridge, so called. 

The tavern-keepers licensed in 1816 were : at Belle- 
fonte, E. Zimmerma)!, John Rankin, Joseph Butler, 
and Evan Miles ; Ferguson, John Robinson and John' 
Wagoner; for Potter, James Watson, Jr., AVilliam 
Keatley, John Ker, and Thomas Hemphill ; for 
Patton, Daniel O'Briau and Thomas McPherson ; 
for Milesburg, Hannah Green and John Lucas ; for 
Philipsburg, Jacob Test ; for Aaronsburg, William 
T. Brown and Christian Meeser; forMillheim, Chris- 
tian Goldman and Jacob Swentzel ; for Half-Moon, 
David Nicholson ; for Howard, William Gardner and 
Thomas B. McClure ; for Walker, John Snyder and 
William Smyth ; for Rebersburg, Zachariah Lesh ; 
Ferguson, John Campbell, Hugh McPherson ; Pot- 
ter, Samuel Davis; Ferguson, Frederick Dale; 
Haines, Abraham High; Ferguson, William Price; 
Boggs, Michael Poorjnan ; Haines, Israel Penning- 
ton ; Rush, Charles Semler ; Rush, Thomas Crad- 
dock; Ferguson, Cornelius Dale; Bellefonte, Ham- 
ilton Humes; Potter, David Overmyer ; Half-Moon, 
Abraham Elder; Haines, Mary Motz. 

In August the road from Pennsylvania Furnace to 
John Tiiompson's was laid out by way of John Bailey's 
mill, one mile, passing through Samuel Bryson, Rob- 

ert Garner, and Philip Beal & Co., six hundred and 
sixty perches, to Mrs. Weeks' ; thence three hundred 
and fifty perches to Joseph McPherson ; thence four 
miles and ten perches to the meeting-house road ; 
thence three hundred and thirty perches to the house 
of public worship ; thence along the old road to the 
house of John Thompson, Esq. 

In September, 1816, Hugh Maxwell removed The 
Advocate of the Union from Mifflinburg, in Union 
County, the name of which he changed to the Inde- 
pendent Republican. He continued this paper not 
quite a year at Bellefonte, and then removed to Lan- 
caster, Pa. 

September 21st, the Bellefonte Academy was re- 
opened, Mr. Chamberlin, a graduate of Dartmouth, 
taking charge of it. John G. Lowrey, president of 
the board of trustees. 

The nominations of James Monroe for President 
and Daniel D. Tompkins for Vice-President, made by 
a Congressional caucus at Washington and confirmed 
by a Legislative caucus at Harrisburg, met with but 
little opposition in this State. An opposition ticket 
was formed at Carlisle on the 19th of September. 

The vote in Centre and Clearfield for the regular 
ticket was only 479 to 242 for the opposition. 

Lamar Township Erected. — Lower Bald Eagle 
of 1801, or Bald Eagle, as it was called, after the name 
of Upper Bald Eagle was changed to that of 
Spring, was Aug. 27, 1817, divided, and that 1817. 
part of it between Muncy and Nittany Moun- 
tains erected into a township called "Lamar." 

Its boundary commenced at a chestnut at the then 
corner of Howard and Walker townships; thence 
down the opening between the two ridges of Bald 
Eagle (Muncy) Mountain north about sixty degrees 
east about twelve miles to the line of Lycoming 
County; thence along the line (then) of Lycoming 
and Centre Counties to the northeast corner of Miles 
township about six and a half miles ; thence south 
sixty degrees west along the line of Miles township 
about fourteen miles to a pine corner of Miles and 
Walker townships; thence north thirty degrees west 
six miles along the line of Walker township to the 
place of beginning. William McEwen, Moses Boggs, 
and John Mitchell were the commissioners who laid 
out this township. The north line passed directly 
through Harvey's Forge at Mill Hall, according to 
their draft. 

Judge Walker, who when quite a boy had served 
in the Revolution, was always desirous of perpetuat- 
ing the memory of its heroes in naming townships. 
His entry on this occasion is, " The last words spoken 
by the brave and unfortunate Maj. Lamar, on the 
night of the surprise at Paoli, and in the midst of the 
British were, ' Halt, boys, give these assassins one fire !' 
He was instantly cut down by the enemj'. Shall he 
not be remembered by a grateful country? He shall. 
In honor of this martyr and the cause of his country 
we named the within township Lamar." 



Maj. Marion Lamar, of the Fourth Pennsylvania 
Line, fell at Paoli, Sept. 20, 1777, and but for Judge 
AValker his name would have gone down in utter 
forgetfulness. The utmost historical research has 
developed nothing in relation to his antecedents or 
family. He had served as captain in Col. De Haas' 
battalion during the year 1776 in Canada, after which 
he was promoted major in the Fourth. 

Lamar Township. — The inhabitants of Lamar 
township in 1817 were as follows : 

AikenB, Andrew (weavci). 
Allison, ArcliiljalJ, Jr. 
Allison, Matthew. 


, Wi 


1 (shoemaker). 

(wagon- maker). 

Allsljaugh, Jacoh. 

Askcy, Samuel. 

Awl, Jiicuh (tan-y; 

Heard, William. 

Deightol, Abrahai 



Benuet, Charles. 

Best, Conrad. 

Best, Peter. 

Bowman, David. 

Brown, Jacoli, Sr. 

Brown, Jacob, Jr. 

Brown, James (tan-yard an' 

BiOM II, John (son of Jacob). 
Brown, John, Sr. 
Brown, John, Jr. (weaver). 


, Tin 

Brown, William. 

Brownlee, Elizabeth. 

Brownlce, June. 

Brownlee, John. 

Brownlee, Joseph. 

Bruce, James, Sr. (weaver). 

Bruce, Jamea, Jr. 

Ihuce, Bobert. 

Buttorf, Michael (blacksmith). 

Calhoun, Johu (blacksmith). 

Caison, William (well-digger). 

Clark, James (blacksmith). 

D.ile, Matthew. 

Douahough, James (miller). 

E.irs, Abraham. 

Elder, John (weaver). 

Essiek, Frederick D. 

Kiester, George, Sr. 

Eiester, George, Jr. (weaver). 

Fiester, Samuel. 

Fiester, Thomas. 

Free, George (millwright). 

Free, Joel (plasterer). 

Freel, Johu. 

Gamble, Joseph (saw-mill). 

Gordon, D..viJ. 

Green, Thomas (forgeman). 

Hagermau, William (well-digger). 

Uarvey, Kathau (saw-mill and 

Haslet, Samuel. 
Haslet, John. 
Haslet, James. 
Hart, Robert. 

Hartman, George (plasterer). 
Hartman, Jacob, 
llelter, Elizabeth. 
Held, Stephen. 
Uerr, Joel. 

Hrrr, Samuel. 

Iletherland, Jacob. 

ninton, Joseph (blacksmith). 

Hull, Johu (wheelwright). 

Hunter, George. 

Johnston, Joseph. 

Kratzer. Solomon (shoemaker). 

Lamb, William. 

Leidy, George (carpenter). 

Lyons, Joseph. 

McCafferty, Dennis. 

McCalmont, Henry (blacksmith). 

McClelland, Hugh. 

McConnel, William. 

McGaw, William. 

McGee, John (grist-, saw-mill, and 

McGouig.ll, Hugh. 
McKibben, Joseph. 
McKibben, William. 
McNall,.Iohn (weaver). 
Miles, Joshua. 
3Iartin, James. 
Miller, Jacob. 
Miller, John. 
Miller, William. 
Moore, Andrew, Sr. 
Moore, Andrew, Jr. 
Moore, Jacob. 
Moore, James. 
Moore, John. 
Moore, William. 
Porter, James. 
Porter, Samuel. 
Prior, John. 
l;i^hel, Adam. 
Bishel, John. 
Kishel, Philip. 
Bishel, \\ illiam. 
Kobb, John. 
Eobinson, Alexander. 
Pvobinson, Susan. 
Saxton, Samuel. 
Shields, John, Sr. (tailor). 
Shields, John, Jr. 
Shaeffer, Adam (inn-keeper). 
Shearer, George (shoemaker). 
Slagle, John. 
Smith, Peter. 

Smith, Samuel (blacksmith). 
Snyder, Elizabeth. 
Snyder, Hermau. 
Snyder, John (distillery). 
Sollz, John (weaver). 
Spangler, Adam (saw-mill). 
Stephenson, Johu. 
Sutherland, Edward. 
Syler, Frederick. 
Syler, Joseph. 
Syler, Michael (tailor). 
Syler, Peter. 
Taylor, Thumas (forgeman). 

Thompson, James (saw mill,<mith- Walker, Philip. 

Tlionipson, Mosos. 
Thompson, Samuel. 
Thompson, William. 
Tliorndyko, Joseph (dhtillerj). 
Valentine Ic TliomaH (furnace a 
forge — Wusliinglon Works). 

All, Joshua. 
Allison, Samuel. 
Boggs, WilliHm. 
Bruce, James. 
Bruce, Robert. 
Brown, John. 
Brown, Philip. 
Brown, William, 
Dale, M.itlhew. 
Aikens, Andrew 
Aikens, George. 
Elder, James. 
.Grier, John. 
Ireson, John. 

Wotwn, David. 
Weaver, John (miller). 
WhitemHli, Michael (forgemmD). 
WMlliamson, BoMcau. 
Williamson. Joseph. 
Wilson, ClinrlM. 
Wilson, Mark. 

Longebangli, George. 
Maj;a\v, Samuel. 
McKibben, Jamefl. 
Miller, Charles. 
Miller, John. 
Miller, Robeit. 
Moore, John. 
Sloore, James. 
S'ephenson, John. 
Syler, Benjamiu. 
Thompson, John. 
Wilson, Charles. 
Wilson, William C. 



The Politics of 1817.— In 1817 the gubernatorial 
contest was very earnest and exceedingly bitter. It 
was a war of factions in the Democratic party, as the 
Federal party was almost extinct. As early as Jan- 
uary 29th a meeting was held in Bellefonte to name 
delegates to the Carlisle Convention, which nomi- 
nated Joseph Hiester on the 4th of March. 

The signers to the call for this meeting were David 
Barr, William Irvin, Philip Wolfart, John Benner, 
John Hall, James Forster, and Henry McCamant. 
The convention which nominated William Findlay 
met at Harrisburg on the same day, John Rankin 
being the delegate. One hundred and thirteen dele- 
gates attended the latter convention, while the Car- 
lisle Convention had only thirty-nine delegates from 
ten counties east and four counties west of the Sus- 
quehanna. Mr. Findlay had seven thousand and 
fifty-nine majority in the State. The County Demo- 
cratic Convention was held on 13th of September. 
Delegates : Bellefonte, James Dundass ; Spring, Gen. 
Philip Benner, Capt. John Adams ; Bald Eagle, Da- 
vid Allen ; Lamar, Matthew Allison ; Miles, Anthony 
Wolf, Robert Tate ; Ferguson, Stephen Davis and 
Barton Hastings; Half-Moon, William McNull ; 
Boggs, Henry Barnhart ; Patton, Col. Mc- 
Pherson; Haines, Capt. John Keen; Howard, Jo- 
seph Baker; Walker, William Swauzey,Col. William 
Smyth ; Potter, William Rankin and David Barber. 
Jacob Kryder was nominated for Assembly, and John 
Shaffer for county commissioner ; Auditor, Matthew 



Missionary.— The first meeting of the Bellefonte 
Female Missionary Association was held Aug. 4, 

1817. The object was to aid the Board of Missions 
of the Presbyterian Church of the United States. 
Any person paying a cent per week could be a mem- 
ber. A treasurer and committee were its only officers. 
Eliza G. Dobbins was treasurer; Amelia Williams, 
Elizabeth Petriken, Hannah Miles, and Margaret 
Lyon were the committee. 

The Bellefonte Patriot.— In May, 1818, William 

Brindle issued the first number of the BeUefonte 

Patriot. He was succeeded by Henry Petri- 

1818. ken, May 10, 1821, who published the Patriot 
until December, 1823, when Thomas J. Petri- 
ken became editor. Henry Petriken resumed the 
paper in 1825 or in the beginning of 1826, and con- 
tinued it until the summer of 1832, when Joshua T. 
McCracken commenced issuing a new series with the 
title Bellefonte Patriot and Farmers' Journal, advoca- 
ting the election of Henry Clay for President. It 
became an opposition paper, and in 1835 advocated 
Ritner's election. June 25, 1836, Mr. McCracken 
retired, and it had Richard Smith Elliot for its editor, 
under the name of The Patriot. In 1837, William A. 
Kinsloe became editor and proprietor under the same 
title, and continued until the fall of 1838, when he 
removed the paper to Lock Haven, and changed the 
name to the Lycoming Eagle, which with erection of 
the county of Clinton became the Clinton Eagle. 

Judge Jonathan H. Walker.— Judge Walker 
having been appointed judge of the United States 
District Court for the Western District of Pennsyl- 
vania, took his leave of the people of the Fourth Dis- 
trict in an elegant letter addressed to them from Bed- 
ford, dated July 24, 1818. He commences it with 
"The tie which has bound us together for upwards 
of twelve years is broken, but the more intimate tie 
of affection can never be dissolved." After alluding 
to the kindness received, and some of the events of 
his earlier life, he states some maxims which he en- 
deavored to conform to in his judicial career. One 
was, "To avoid all appearances of evil." On this he 
remarks, " For this reason it was my invariable prac- 
tice to avoid all political association and meeting of 
every kind and nature. This maxim is considered as 
important for a judge as for a minister of the gospel. 
A party and electioneering judge is the greatest curse 
that ever fell upon a free people. Public satisfaction 
cannot be given, nor public confidence inspired. If 
he were as pure as the ermine of an apostle, his mo- 
tives would be often suspected, his motions jealously 
watched, and his most virtuous intentions constantly 
thwarted. I pity such an unfortunate judge," etc. 

Judge Walker was born near Hogestown, Cumber- 
land Co., and when quite a boy served in the army of 
the Revolution. He graduated at Carlisle, Sept. 26, 
1787, in the class with David Watts, Esq., and Rev. 
John Bryson ; studied law, married a daughter of 
Stephen Duncan, of Carlisle, and went to the towti of 

Northumberland in September, 1791, and established 
himself in the practice of law. Here his celebrated 
son, Robert J. Walker (LTnited States senator from 
Mississippi, 1836; Secretary of Treasury United States, 
1845), was born July 19, 1801. In April, 1806, having 
been appointed judge of the Fourth District, Judge 
Walker removed to Bellefonte. After he had been here 
some years. Governor Snyder offered to transfer him 
to the Northumberland district, but he was so popu- 
lar the people offered him every inducement to stay, 
the grand jury in a body asking him to decline Gov- 
ernor Snyder's proposition. Gen. Benner offering him 
the money to build any kind of house he liked, and a 
lot to build it upon. He accepted the general's oflPer, 
and built the stone building on Allegheny Street (now 
Mrs. John B. Linn's, Gen. Benner's granddaughter), 
which he occupied until his removal to Bedford in 

He was the first judge of the United States Court 
for the Western District of Pennsylvania, which was 
created by act of Congress of April 20, 1818. He died 
on a visit to his son Duncan at Natchez, Miss., in 
January, 1824. His daughter Martha was born in 
Bellefonte in 1807, and married Gen. William Cook, 
of New Jersey. 

It was not the custom (as the county elected a 
sherifl!' with Clearfield) to nominate a sheriff at the 
conventions. The candidates for sheriff api>ealed to 
the people through their cards advertised in the news- 
papers. Among them were Stephen Davis, of Fer- 
guson, John Wall, Jr., John Jlitchel, Joseph Butler, 
John Keen, of Millheim, and William Keatley. 

James Monks, a native of Potter township. Centre 
County, was tried and convicted at the November term 
of court, 1818, for the murder of Reuben Guild. The 
murder, which, from the prisoner's confession, appears 
to have been entirely unprovoked, took place on the 
evening of Sunday, Nov. 16, 1817. It appears from 
the confession of the prisoner, written in jail while 
awaiting execution, that he was returning to his 
home on Marsh Creek, Howard township, from 
Clearfield County, and met Guild, who was mounted 
on a horse, in a lonely part of the road. Having 
passed the time of day and proceeded a short dis- 
tance, an uncontrollable desire came upon Monks, 
who was armed with a gun, to shoot Guild. Appar- 
ently powerless to resist the impulse, he raised his 
gun and shot him through the body. The victim 
uttered a shriek and fell from his horse, and as 
Monks approached him said, "My friend, you have 
killed me." Monks, fearing that his shot had proved 
ineffectual, struck his victim two blows on the head 
witli his tomahawk, which silenced him forever. 

After finding a suitable place he hid the body, first 
stripping it of everything of value, even to the shoes, 
which he vainly endeavored to get on his feet, but 
found them too small. After disposing of all traces 
of the deed, as he supposed, he mounted the mur- 
dered man's horse and pursued his journey. It traus- 



])ired, however, that in his hurried prep<arations to 
get away, and being considerably under the influence 
of liquor, he dropped his song-book on the spot, 
which latter circumstance eventually led to his ar- 
rest on suspicion. 

On examing his spoils tlie next morning he found 
written upon the fly-leaf of his victim's pocket-book 
the following: "Reuben Guild's pocket-book. This 
pocket-book is my jiroperty now, but I know I won't 
own it long." The result of his night's work netted 
him a watch and a few dollars in money. 


Oj-cv & Terminer } November Term, 1618. 


Burnsiile V James Monks 

Puller J 

AVitnesses sworn on part < 

Com til.: 

.lolin Ilall, Jnn., 

Nnn ELigliinJ, 

Aaron Giiilil. 

Jus. \V. Gnilil, 

Dai.'l Kearney, 

Elizabclh Cradisb, 

Dan'l Barret, 

James Reed, 

Sam'l Coleman, 

James Carsou, 

Jolin Knox, 

Thomas Carson, 

George Brown, 

Andrew Allison, 

James Fnllerton, 

Tolbcrt Dale, 

Bobert Beers, 

James Blair, 

Jacob Michaels, 

Geo. Ttoss, 

Robert Rosa, 

Hugli Riddle, 

Amis Balhnrst, 

James McGhee, 

lleiir.v PetrikiD, 

Wni. Wood, 

John Lnras, 

John McEwen, 

John M. Horuer, 

Eve Gardner, 

Catherine Bitner, 

John Confer, 
John Ligjxet, 
Sam'l Gardner, 
John Wantz, 
Michael Meese, 
AVm. Gardner, 
Henry James, 
James Alexander, Jr., 
James Foster, Esq., 
M'ni. Alexander, Esq., 
Thos. Uemphill. 

Indicted for 

iiurder of the 

first desree. 

True Bill 

On motion of Thomas Bnvnside, 
attorney for defendant, an attach- 
ment granted for Barnard Brown 
& Sneannh Fnlton A Philip Confer, 
sen., absent witnesses, & the conrt 

diiect the 

the at- 

t, and by agreement the 
counsel for the prisoner dispenses 
with sending for Bernard Brown. 

And now on the iiCtli day of No- 
vember, 1S18, a jury of the connty 
being called, came namely, Robert 
McGonegle, Anthony Klechner, 
Ephram Lamhorn, John Johnston, 
Frederick Shenk, Absolem Lijiget, 
John Sherrick, William White, 
George Gramley, Samuel Wilson, 
Henry Barnhart and William 
Johnston, twelve good and lawful 
men of Centre connty, who being 
duly enipannelled, sworn and af* 
firmed, respectively, and charged 
on their oaths ami affirmations 
aforesaid after each of them being 
polled, they severally declared that 
they find the defendant, James 
Monks, guilty of murder of the 
first degree in manner and form as 
he stands indicted. 

And now on tlie •3ntli day of No- 
vember, 1818, W. W. Potter, on be- 
half of the prisoner, moved for an 
arrest of judgment and on the first 
of December, 1818, files the excep- 
tions to the indictment. And on 
argument the indictment held to 
be good, and reasons overruled by 
the court. And now on the fii-st 
day of December, in the year of 
our Lord one thousand and eight 
hundred and eighteen, the Court 
proceeds to deliver the sentence of 
the law : 

"James Monks, it is considered 
by the Court that you be taken to 
the Common Jail of the connty of 
Centre, there to remain until yon 
are taken to the place of execution 
and there to be hanged by the neck 
until dead. 

By the Court, 

l8t December, 1818." 

Monks was hung on Saturday, Jan. 23, 1819, by 
John Mitchell, Esq., then high sheriff. William 
Armor, a fifer of the war of 1812, played the " Dead 
March" under the gallows. An absurd rumor was 
started shortly after Monks' execution that he had 
been seen alive afterward, and he became a children 
"spook" for some years. The county paper of the 
day had sevgral articles, one favoring the apparition 
and arguing the possibility of his resuscitation, and 
others " pulling down the ghost." 

Samuel Wilson, of Potter, the last surviving juror, 
died Sept. 18, 1880, aged ninety years. 

Joseph, son of Reuben Guild, died some eight years 
ago at Powsheik, Iowa. It was his watch his father 
wore when murdered, and he was a witness in court 
to identify it. 

Revolutionary Soldiers.— In 1818 the following 
Revolutionary soldiers (pensioners) were residing in 
Centre County: Benjamin Carson, James Dougherty, 
Peter Florey, John Garrison, New York Line; Mungo 
Lindsay, Henry McEwen, Charles McLain (whodied 
Dec. 21, 1822), John McLain, New York Line ; Wil- 
liam Mason, Jacob Miller (second, who died May 21, 
1823), Anthony Peters, Edward Quigley (died April 
13, 1819), Conrad Rimmy, Nicholas Shanefelt (died 
Aug. 30, 1825), Absalom Tims, New Jersey Line; 
Isaac Wall (died May 31, 1825), Hazen's regiment; 
Joseph White, David Nelson, New York Line; Robert 
Young (died Nov., 19, 1824). 

Stage Routes. — A mail-stage ran between North- 
umberland and Bcllefonte; fare, four dollars and fifty 
cents. It left Northumberland every Friday at 5 
A.M. Passengers breakfasted at L. B. Stougliton's, at 
Lewisburg, and arrived at Jacob Maize's, in Mifiiin- 
burg, for dinner: at Henry Roush's (Narrows) about 
four, and at W. T. Brown's, at Aaronsburg, at 6 p.m. 
Left Aaronsburg at seven o'clock Saturday morning, 
got to Earleystown for dinner, and arrived at John 
Rankin's, at Bellefonte, at 4 p.m. Left Bellefonte 
every Monday morning at five, breakfasted at Ear- 
leystown, and arrived at Aaronsburg for dinner, etc. 

In May, 1818, Joseph Haggarty and Thomas Moore 
had a carding-machine in operation in Half-Moon, 
and Rankin and Steel had their machines in opera- 
tion in Bellefonte. Carding eight cents a pound, one 
pound of grease to ten pounds of wool. 



Logan Township appears on the list of townships 
in April, 1819. The record of its erection cannot be 
found, but it was bounded on the north by 
Lamar, eastwardly by the Lycoming County 1819. 
line, south by Nittany Mountain, west by 
Miles and Walker, and embraced the present town- 



ship of Greene, in Clinton, and all of what is known 
as Sugar valley. Its ta.xable inhabitants in 1819 were 
as follows: 

Bailey, Jacob. 

Kestetter, John. 

Bailey, Jolin. 

Kestetter, Rntloif. 

Bailey, Peter. 

Kestetter. Widow. 

Barley, Jacob. 

Ketncr, Michael. 

Barner, Beiijaniin. 

Kitchen, John. 

Burner, Uemy. 

Kleckner, Anthony (grist 

Beaver, Christian. 

siw-miU and tavern). 

Beaver, Henry. 

Lemy, Daniel, Sr. 

Beaver, John. 

Lemy, Daniel, Jr. 

Beaver, MicbaeJ. 

"Lemy, Henry. 

Boone, Jonathan. 

Lemy, Michael, 

Bressler, Michael. 

McKisson, Samuel. 

ISrumgard, Slartin. 

Mallory, Isaac. 

Colby, Chri-topher. 

Mallory, Calvin. 

Colby, John. 

Mayer, Conrad. 

Frevel, Jesse. 

Maj'er, John. 

Glantz, Henry, 

Morgan, William (fnlling-m 

Glantz, John. 

Myei-s, George. 

Greninger, Henry, Sr. 

Philips, John. 

Greninger, Henry, Jr. 

Riidebaugh, Daniel. 

Greninger, John. 

Kadebaugh, Peter, Sr. 

Greninger, Peter. 

Kadebangli, Peter, Jr. 

Groff, Abraham. 

Roads, John. 

Groff, Widow. 

Sheetz, John. 

Harlnian, Jonas. 

Schreck, Charles. 

Hann, Henry. 

Schreck, James. 


Schreck, John. 


Schreckengast, Philip. 

Heltman, WiJow. 

Snook, Matthias. 

Herring. Henry, Sr. (dislillery). 

Spangler, Frederick. 

Jones, Samuel, Sr, 

Spangler, Henry (saw-mill). 

Jones Samuel, Jr. 

Spangler, Michael. 

Kemble, Jacob. 

Strawsnyder, George. 

Keeler, Henry. 

Strawsnyder, John, Sr. 

Kelil, Jacob. 

Werkerly, John. 

Kebl, Michael. 

Wilaon, George. 

Kehl, Peter. 

Wolf, John. 

Kern, Jacob. 




Barner, Adam. 

Herring, Henry, Jr. 

Beaver, Christian. 

Herring, John. 

C;ilby, George. 

Kabb, Christian. 

Calby, Jacob. 

Kerstetter, Samnel. 

Greninger, Leonard. 

Sirawsnyder, John, Jr. 

Hauu, Philip. 

On Friday night, March 17, 1819, Henry D.ile's 
house was robbed in a singular manner, the partic- 
ulars of which we take from depositions taken before 
Judge Huston. 

Mr. Dale says, On that evening some person came 
near my house and hallooed. We were in bed, and 
got up and went to the door and asked what was the 
matter. He answered, Your son has killed himself. 
I asked. How? He said he had his powder-horn, and 
it caught fire and tore him amazingly all to pieces ; 
if you do not hurry, you will not see hira alive. I 
put on my clothes and told him to come in, but he 
said he was in a great hurry. I told my son to come 
and we would ride over, and told my wife to come 
with the lantern to let us get the horses out. We 
rode over, saw no light, and my son Samuel said 
nothing was the matter. I was afraid some injury 
was intended, and we turned to go home. At the 
end of the lane I met my wife, my youngest son, and 

a girl that lives with me, and Lewis Longwell, coming 
with the lantern. They said they were going to see 
Sam before he could die. I said nothing was the 
matter, but our house could be robbed. Longwell 
began to halloo, and we went around by the lane, and 
Longwell and the women went across the fields. I 
went into my room and found my chest broken open 
and the papers on the floor; searched but found no 
one, but found a window broken in. I took my rifle, 
put the dogs on the track which they took, and I fired 
my gun in that direction. Next morning I found a 
box and two pocket-books and about eighty dollars 
in money. There were four pocket-books taken. One 
had a ring in it and silver sleeve-buttons; another, 
belonging to my son, had four silver dollars in it. 
There were three purses, one with eight dollars in 
silver, French coin, etc.; another with small silver, 
seven or eight dollars ; another with seven dollars in 
silver. The prisoner has been at my house twice, 
once with a horse and cart selling goods, staying from 
Saturday until Monday. 

Mrs. Phillona Dale testified. After my husband and 
son had started the person hallooed again. I went to 
the door, and the man was standing near the porch. 
He said he had met my husband, and he told him to 
come for the rest of the family ; my son was just dying, 
— his arm blown off'. I said I could not go away. He 
said he understood we had a girl in the house. I 
asked his name; he said it was Reynolds. I asked 
him in ; he said he was in a hurry. I wakened up 
the girl, Longwell, and my youngest son, and we 
locked the house and started. I could not see the 
person's face well, but I thought on reflection it was 
the Yankee who stayed overnight with us. 

Cornelius Dale testified that Lewis Longwell, Leon- 
ard Stevens, and himself took the prisoner about two 
miles this side of Aaronsburg, at a smith-shop oppo- 
site Keen's place. Longwell rode p.ast him. He was 
walking inside of the fence. I told him I would shoot 
him if he did not give up, and he asked me if my 
name w-is Dale. He wet up to the waistband. 
We took him to Esquire Beuck, who examined him. 
He gave his name as Nehemiah Higbee. He was 
committed, William McMinn, constable, taking him 
to jail at Bellefonte, but he broke jail and never was 
heard of afterward. Lewis Longwell was a school- 
teaclier who boarded at Mr. Dale's. 

The delegates to the Democratic meeting held Sep- 
tember 16th, of which James Forster was chairman 
and Thomas Waddle secretary, nominated John Mc- 
Meens for senator, Patrick Cambridge for Assembly, 
James McGhee and Joseph Updegraff' for coroner, 
James Forster for commissioner, and William Kerr 
for auditor. In Brindle's Patriot of the 2.5th a ticket 
is proposed with Col. William Smyth for Assembly, 
Matthew Allison, E-sq., for commissioner, John Bailey 
and Jacob Bollinger for coroner. The proposer signs 
as from Haines township. The official return of the 
election was, — 



Mat 23, 1820. 
Copy of Draft attached to report of Jacob 
Snyder, James Dale, and John Hanna's line 
between Centre and Union Counties, Hen- 
drick's Saw-Mill on Penn's Creek, to the top 
of the mountain north of the Brush Valley 




. 828 I William Wilson 405 

Bladhew Allison 690 | James Forator.. 

Jnmes McOhec 691 1 Jacob Bnllinger 303 

Josepb Updcgruff. 46U | Juhii Builey 2Jl 

In Clearfield, William Smyth had 121 for Assembly ; 
P. Cambridge, 42; John Patton, 3. 

A report made of the Lick Run Sabbath-school, in 
Walker township, states that the school commenced 
on the 1st of August, 1819, and continued without 
much intermission ; the number of scholars in at- 
tendance from thirty to forty. Such of the scholars as 
could read the Scriptures were divided into four 
classes. The whole number of scholars that recited 
lessons had been twenty-five. The greatest number 
of verse.s recited at one time by one scholar was six 
hundred and ninety, and the ne.'it largest five hun- 
dred. This is from a report published in 1821. 

Politics. — The Democratic State Convention met 
at Lewistown, March 7th, nominating James Monroe 
for President, Daniel D. Tompkins for Vice-President. 
Gen. Philip Beuner was placed on the electoral ticket. 
Thomas Buruside was a delegate and secretary of this 
convention, and a resolution was passed fixing the 
third Thursday of May, and Lewistown as the place 
for all future conventions for nomination of candi- 
dates for Governor and for electors. William Find- 
lay was renominated for Governor. The Independent 
Republicans, as they were called, met at Carlisle 
March 4th, and nominated Joseph Hiester. Centre 
County was represented by William H. Patterson. 
Only twelve counties were represented. The resolu- 
tions adopted favored rotation in oflice, and opposed 
nominations made by oflSce-holders or legislative 
nominations. Hamilton Humes and Andrew Gregg 
were placed upon the State Committee. 

The Findlay County Convention met August 29th, 
James Duncan, chairman, Patrick Cambridge, secre- 
tary, and nominated William Smyth for Assembly, 
Jacob Bollinger for commissioner, John Patton for 
auditor. At the election Findlay received 1338 votes; 
Heister, 779; William Smyth, for Assembly, 1325; 
Jacob Bollinger, 1414. Findlay was defeated in the 
State 160.5 votes. December 15th a meeting of the 
Independent Republicans was called at Bellefonte 
for the purpose of making a fair selection and nomi- 
nation of persons to fill the county offices in the gift 
of the Governor. Governor Heister api)ointed Hon. 
Andrew Gregg Secretary of the Commonwealth, and 
made a pretty clean sweep out of all the county offices 
to which the Governor made appointments, who were 

all duly removed when Governor Shulze came in 
power in 1824. 

In June, 1820, the neighborhood of Potter's Mills 
was disturbed by the noted robbers Lewis and Con- 
nelly, who lurked in the Seven Mountains, 
and made incursions for purpose of plunder. 1820. 
Lewis was a son of Lewis Lewis, who was a 
surveyor in Nittany valley as early as 1770, under 
Charles Lukens. The terror in that neighborhood 
for some weeks was unbounded, and its shadows still 
linger in the traditions of the valley. Night after 
night men patrolled the valley, while the women 
shuddered and trembled at any approaching footstep. 

The following account of the pursuit and capture 
of these thieves is derived from the statement of one 
of the men who belonged to the poitsc: 

Hammond & Page, merchants of Bellefonte, were 
receiving at that time a stock of goods. They had 
three teams hauling them. One in particular, being 
loaded with the costliest goods, in crossing the Seven 
Mountains broke down, and it being late, they drove 
on to John Carr's tavern at Potter's Mills with the 
remaining wagons. Lewis and his party overhauled 
the goods and took such as suited them, and then 
started for Potter's Mills, with the intention of rob- 
bing Potter's store, but John Carr observed them at 
the shutters, and they fled and were followed by the 
few that could be gathered. Paul Lebo, a very active 
man, outran the rest so far that Lewis and Connelly, 
who had secreted themselves, captured Lebo, and 
Connelly had him nearly choked to death, and only 
at the earnest request of Lewis released him. The 
next place they were heard of was near Col. McKib- 
ben's, where they were diverting themselves on Sun- 
day shooting at marks. 

Word was immediately sent to Bellefonte, and 
search commenced. William Alexander, ex-sheriff, 
started down Nittany valley to collect men to go by 
way of the Great Island, and James McGhce, coroner 
of Centre County, with a posse consisting of John 
Mitchell, William Armor, Paul Lebo, Peter Deisal (a 
one-armed man), and Joseph Butler (sheriff of the 
county the next year), started by way of Karthaus to 
meet the other party at Lewis' mother's, on Bennett's 
Branch of the Sinnemahoning. They proceeded as 
far as Karthaus that night, deviating from the direct 
route to obtain a guide, who was Andy Walker, as he 
was familiarly called, a great hunter in B.ild E;igle. 
William Hammond joined them at Karthaus, and 
when they started the following morning their com- 
pany was increased by the accession of John Koons, 
Samuel Karnell, and Peter Bodey. 

The night they were at Karthaus, McGuire was 
captured near Great Island, which led the rest to burn 
part of their spoils, divide the rest, and to separate. 
On the 29th, McGhee's party lost their w.iy and en- 
camped in the woods. On the morning of the 30th 
they struck Trout Run, which empties into Bennett's 
Branch. Walker and Karnell started ahead to sec if 


Lewis had made his appearance at his mother's, and 
finding that he had not, they joined the rest of the 
party tliat night and crossed over the Driftwood 
Branch opposite Shepherd's, and upon inquiry found 
that two men, answering the description of Lewis 
and Connelly, had breakfasted there. The party, ac- 
companied by Shepherd, proceeded up the Driftwood 
Branch about eight miles, and not being satisfied that 
these were the men they rtturned down the stream. 
Five miles below they saw a man named Brooks en- 
gaged in gigging, who told them that Lewis and 
another man had passed that way, when they re- 
turned, with Brooks in their company, till they came 
within hearing of the robbers, who were shooting 
mark. Brooks took them to an eminence which over- 
looked and commanded their proceedings, and Mc- 
Ghee demanded their surrender. Their reply was, 
"Shoot and be damned! We'll shoot back." The 
posse fired, and Lewis fell at the first fire. Connelly 
escaped to the bank of the river, when he was struck 
by a ball which cut the rim of his abdomen, causing 
his entrails to protrude. 

The prisoners were conveyed to the Great Island, 
where they arrived Sunday, July 2d. Connelly died 
that night, and was buried near Great Island Ceme- 
tery (Lock Haven). Peter Deisal was said to be the 
one whose bullet ended Connelly's life. David Lewis 
was conveyed to Bellefonte, where, refusing to liave 
his arm amputated, he died in jail on the 13th of 
July. His remains were taken to Milesburg for 
burial. The following, published in the Bellefonte 
Republican in 1877, signed " Octogenarian," is inter- 
esting for its details : 

It was conceded on the return of the party to Belle- 
fonte that Peter Deisal wounded Connelly. Connelly 
was severely wounded in the groin, and could not 
be carried or transported over the rough roads to 
Bellefonte. He was taken in a canoe by some of the 
party down the West Branch of the Susquehanna to 
the " Big Island," now Lock Haven, at the mouth of 
the Bald Eagle Creek, where he died. Lewis lan- 
guished for weeks, and died in the Bellefonte jail. 
His arm was broken and the bone badly shattered. 
He was often solicited to have it amputated, and Dr. 
C. Curtin, a skillful surgeon practicing medicine in 
Bellefonte, proposed to do so to save his life. Many 
advised him to submit to the operation, but he obsti- 
nately refused. Gangrene supervened, and he died. 

The writer, though young, often saw and talked 
with Lewis while in prison. He knew his brothers 
well. Caleb Lewis, a single man, who worked at 
Milesburg Forge, was a common laborer for Joseph 
Miles and Joseph Green, then proprietors of the 
works. Caleb was a very civil and harmless man. 
Also Thomas Lewis, who at the time, with his family, 
lived in the stone house near Eoopsburg, then Bil- 
lington's old furnace. Old cinders and slag are still 
to be seen. Thomas was a harmless citizen. 

The step-mother of the Lewises, a Mrs. Leathers, who 

practiced midwifery, lived then in a house near the 
"old red barn" (and now the property of Seth H. 
Yocum, Esq.), on the turnpike northwest of Bellefonte. 
Many raids were made on that house by the citizens 
of Bellefonte before David Lewis was captured, sup- 
posing him to be there visiting his mother. But he 
was always apprised of their approach, as he kept 
videttes out, and always escaped, leaving his warm bed 
to be examined by his pursuers, who hotly chased 
him across Spring Creek, but "sparsely clad," and up 
the Sugar-loaf Mountain. Lewis, when in prison and 
speaking of these " fox-hunts," often laughed about 

David Lewis was a remarkable man. Very pleas- 
ant and agreeable in social conversation and manners, 
of fine figure and physique, his features regular and 
beautiful, quite an Adonis, about five feet ten and a 
half inches high, well proportioned, his arms tapered 
from the shoulders to the ends of his fingers, his legs 
from the hips to the ends of the toes, so that it was 
almost impossible to keep manacles upon him. He 
could slip all ordinary handcuffs over his hands with 
ease, also over his ankles. He was very agile and 
swift of foot. Had he pursued a different course of 
life he might have been a valuable citizen. Mild in 
disposition, he often restrained his companions in 
crime from excesses and murder. It is well said of 
him, it seems " that he took from the rich and gave 
to the poor." 

Connelly was vicious, savage, and vindictive. When 
the wagons containing store goods for Hammond & 
Page, merchants in Bellefonte, were robbed and plun- 
dered on the Seven Mountains, the party consisted of 
Lewis, Connelly, and a small man named Jeffries, 
whom Lewis said was an expert, a perfect ferret and 

About the time that Lewis arose from the midst of 
the "empty store boxes and rubbish," at the corner 
of Front and Market Streets, Harrisburg, where the 
wise men of the town met in council in the evenings 
to talk over and consult about the " affairs of the na- 
tion," of the risk men run in business on the " high- 
ways and by-ways" from robbers and cut-throats, and 
when " not the ghost," but the veritable highwayman 
and robber, David Lewis, rose up and exclaimed, " I 
am David Lewis, the robber, take me if you dare!" 
putting the whole squad to flight, running belter and 
skelter over tar-barrels and grindstones, skinning 
shins, which " H." so graphically described in the 
Patriot, this said David Lewis was looking and 
watching for Dr. Peter Shoenberger, of Huntingdon 
County, u rich iron-master, on his return from Balti- 
more and Harper's Ferry with a large sum of money, 
received for iron sold the United States for gun- bar- 

An inquest upon the body of David Lewis was 
held July 13th, before William Petriken, Esq., and 
the following jurors : Andrew Gregg, Thomas Burn- 
side, John Blanchard, Joseph Miles, James Dun- 



class, Henry Vandyke, Patrick Cambridge, John 
Rankin, James Rotlirock, Evan Miles, Thomas Hast- 
ings, Jr., Richard Miles, Jr., William Ale.xander, 
and John Irwin, Jr., who found that James McGhee, 
coroner of the county, with his posse, had gone in 
pursuance of the Governor's proclamation, as well as 
of a recent felony by said Lewis and others on the 
property of Hammond & Page, of Bellefonte, a part 
of the said goods having been found with said 
Lewis at his capture, and had come up with Lewis 
and Connelly on the Sinnemahoning, in the county 
of Clearfield, in the jurisdiction of said coroner, and 
requested them to surrender, which they both re- 
fused, and both fired upon the said coroner and those 
with him, and in taking said Lewis, said Lewis re- 
ceived a wound in his right arm by a bullet from a 
gun fired by one of the posse, which was the cause of 
his death. That the acts of the said coroner and his 
posse were performed in pursuance of and agreeably 
to the laws of the country, and that their conduct 
was marked by humanity and firmness, and that 
every attention was paid to the deceased which the 
situation of the country and the means in their power 
aflx>rded, and that since his delivery into the jail of 
Centre County, every attention, whether medical or 
otherwise, has been paid him which the town could 

Felix McGuire, the other robber, was tried August 
29tli, and sentenced to two years in the penitentiary 
at Philadelphia after the expiration of his term in 
Franklin County jail, out of which he had broken, 
and he was ordered to be delivered to the sheritiT of 
Franklin County. 

Governor Findlay, during his term, pardoned 
Lewis, who had been convicted of some offense, and 
the confession of David Lewis, edited, it is said, by 
James Duncan, of Carlisle, was printed as a cam- 
paign document, and contributed largely to Governor 
Findlay's defeat. Duncan was appointed auditor- 
general April 2, 1821, by Governor Heister. The 
confession states that Lewis was born March 4, 1790, 
at Carlisle. 



1820. The population of Centre County in 1820 was : 







]l. j 



Including one hundred and twenty-three negroes, 
thirty-six of the latter in Bellefonte. 

The number oftaxable inhabitants of Centre County 
in 1821, according to a schedule made to the 
county commissioners, was two thousand eight 1821. 
hundred and twenty and one slave. 

Tuesday, July 10th, a small shower of rain occurred 
at Bellefonte, accompanied with heavy thunder. It 
was succeeded by uncommon cold weather, and the 
next day the adjacent fields, woods, and roads were 
strewn with millions of dead locusts. They made 
their appearance about the 8th of June, and fields and 
gardens, orchards and mountain constantly and inces- 
santly resounded with the hoarse cry of "Pha-raoh, 
Pha-raoh," until their sudden demise on the 11th of 

August 1st, steeple of the court-house in Belle- 
fonte struck with lightning. The rod happened to be 
broken opposite one of the windows; the electric cur- 
rent divided, part entering the building, making con- 
siderable of a hole, another portion passing down the 
wall and killed eight sheep browsing by. 

The month of August was remarkable from the 
prevalence of dysentery, or bloody flux, as it was 
called. This disease was very fatal, and amounted to an 
epidemic. A writer in the Patriot says the prevalence 
of the disease in Bellefonte is owing to the filthy con- 
dition of the streets, hogs allowed to wallow in the 
mud, caused by leaking hydrants, sheep depositing 
their filth about the court-house. In September the 
disease ceased, and the town resumed its usual health. 

Among the candidates for sheriff" who announced 
themselves we select the following names: \Villiam 
McMeen, of Potter ; Benjamin Godwin, of Haines; 
Joseph Butler, of Bellefonte ; J. B. Shugert, John 
Rankin, and James Rothrock. For County Commis- 
sioner, John L. Gray, of Patton ; Thomas Hastings, 
of Bellefonte; Robert Elder, of Half-Moon; and 
Henry Sharrer. The Democratic County Convention, 
which met on the 21st of September, nominated Wil- 
liam Smyth for Assembly, John Adams for commis- 
sioner, Hugh L. McMeen for auditor. 

The election took place on the 9th of October. For 
Assembly, William Smythe received 1067; Moses 
Boggs, 541 votes. The result in the State was a Dem- 
ocratic victory; from being a minority in the House 
the Democrats secured a majority of about 41, and 
in the Senate a majority of 3. 

September 10th, the Democratic County Conven- 
tion assembled, James Dancan, chairman, and Wal- 
ter Longwell, secretary. Thomas Bnrnside was 
recommended for Congress, John Mitchell and 1822. 
Jacob Herring nominated for Assembly, John 
Hays for commissioner. At the election in October, 
John Mitchell and Martin Hoover were elected to the 
Assembly over Jacob Herring and Francis McEwen. 
John Mitchell's vote in Centre and Clearfield <\as 
1256; Martin Hoover, 975; J. Herring, 890; F. Mc- 
Ewen, 355. For commissioner, John Hays had 1338 
votes ; no opposition. 

The Marion Infantry, a Pcnn's valley volunteer 



company, was organized in 1822 under Capt. Michael. 
The successive captains were John Miller, John 
Eishel, J. B. Fisher, and John S. Horitz. 

The campaign for Governor opened as early as 
January 8th, in communications in the Patriot favor- 
able to George Bryan, for whom Henry Petri- 
1823. ken, the editor, expressed his preference. A 
meeting of the Democratic citizens of Clear- 
field and Centre was called, and held in the court- 
house at Bellefonte on the 29th of January ; Thomas 
Burnside presided, and Jacob Bollinger was secretary. 
The committee on resolutions were Col. William 
Smyth, Jacob Herring, Gen. Philip Benner, James 
Duncan, Francis McEwen, Henry Petriken, and John 
Hays. Jacob Herring and Henry Petriken were ap- 
pointed delegates to the proposed convention at Har- 
risburg, and requested to use every endeavor to procure 
an adjournment of the convention to Lewistown on 
the 3d of May. The delegates were instructed to 
support George Bryan, and in case the convention 
refused to adjourn to Lewistown, then to protest 
against any member of the Legislature or any of the 
officers of the government at Harrisburg being put in 
nomination. James Duncan was made senatorial del- 
egate by the conferees of the district ; George Bryan 
was also put in nomination by the Democratic citi- 
zens of Lycoming County, with the same instructions 
about an adjournment to Lewistown. 

The convention met on the 4th of March at Harris- 
burg, and refused to adjourn to Lewistown. The 
leading candidates were George Bryan (son of Judge 
Bryan), J. A. Shulze, and Samuel D. Ingham. Bryan 
led Shulze six voteson the first ballot, and on the third 
fell one behind Mr. Shulze. Then an adjournment was 
had to give Mr. Ingham's friends a chance to choose 
beween Mr. Shulze and Bryan. The result was the 
nomination of Mr. Shulze (through the defection pf 
James M. Porter, of Easton, as alleged by Mr. Pe- 

From the day (Feb. 27, 1808) when Samuel Maclay, 
United States senator, from Northumberland County, 
Daniel Montgomery, representing the district 
1823. of which Centre County was a part, and others 
signed the protest against congressional cau- 
cuses, " as being in direct hostility to the principles 
of the Constitution, as a gross usurpation of power 
not delegated by the people," etc., the public atten- 
tion had been directed to the subject of legislative 
caucuses, and their gross and manifest impropriety 
had forced itself upon the minds of the people of 
Pennsylvania. During the session of Congress pre- 
vious to the close of a Presidential term a caucus 
was held by the senators and members of Congress, 
who took a vote upon the candidates, and whoever 
thay agreed upon were recommended as the candi- 
dates of the party, and the nomination acquiesced in 
by the great body of the party until the standard of 
revolt to such dictation was set up on the occasion 
of such nomination of James Madison over George 

Clinton. As was alleged, had the unbiased voice of 
the people prevailed Mr. Clinton, it is almost certain, 
would have been the successful candidate. The 
same S3'stem of nominations prevailed in the States, 
acquiesced in almost necessarily from the difficulty 
and expense of reaching political centres before the 
era of public improvements. 

Nevertheless, the odium of the system aroused the 
Democracy thoroughly, and at a meeting of the board 
of electors for President, which met at Harrisburg, 
Dec. 5, 1815, a recommendation was adopted to the 
people to appoint delegates to attend a convention to 
be held at that place on the 4th of March for the sole 
purpose of nominating a candidate for Governor. 
This was followed subsequently by removing the 
place of holding the conventions from Harrisburg to 
other points in order to avoid governmental dictation 
of nominations. 

Accordingly, the convention which nominated Mr. 
Hiester in 1820 had assembled at Carlisle, and the 
one that nominated Mr. Findlay in the same year had 
met at Lewistown. The latter had resolved that the 
convention of 1823 should meet in the same place in 
May. This was prevented, however, by a call to meet 
at Harrisburg on the 4th of March, resulting in the 
nomination of Sir. Shulze on the 5th. Those dissat- 
isfied with this result united with the opposition in 
the convention held at Lewistown at the time desig- 
nated by the former convention on the 15th of May, 
and nominated Hon. Andrew Gregg, of Centre 
County, Secretary of the Commonwealth under Gov- 
ernor Hiester. 

Recurring to local politics, what was styled an In- 
dependent Republican meeting of the citizens of 
Centre and Clearfield Counties was held at Bellefonte 
on the 3d day of May, David Mitchell, chairman ; 
William Allison, secretary. The committee on reso- 
lutions consisted of William A. Patterson, James 
Potter, John Benner, James Harbison, and George 
Henning. John Thompson, Esq., was selected as 
delegate to the Lewistown convention, and Hamilton 
Humes, John M. Beuck, and David Lamb ajipointed 
a committee of correspondence. 

Mr. Gregg was nominated on the loth' as above 
stated, and in the next issue of the Patriot, Mr. Henry 
Petriken, in a double-leaded column and a half, gives 
twenty-seven reasons for not supporting Mr. Gregg, 
beginning with Mr. Gregg's vote on the Jay treaty, 
1795, and winding up with a charge of Mr. Gregg's 
opposition to Republican principles. The' bitterness 
engendered aroused the Irish blood of Mr. Gregg's 
friends and brought on personal encounters, notably 
one on the 19th of June, in which some of the princi- 
pal citizens of Bellefonte took a hand. 

The Democratic County Convention assembled on 

iTho vote ill convention: Andrew Grcgp, 01; N. B. Boilenu,9;iJona- 
tllllll Roberts, 2. G.ivcnior Hiester in ii letter to tho convention declined 
renomination. Col. James McFarlnne, of Mifflin County, was president 
of the convention. 



tlie 27th of August, Jacob Kryder, president; James 
M. Petrikin, secretary ; and the following ticket was 
placed in nomination : Senator, Thomas Burnside ; 
Assembly, John Mitchell and Martin Hoover; com- 
missioner, Joseph Gilliland ; auditor, James Craw- 
ford, who were all elected in October. The majority 
in the county for Shulze was 1146. Mr. Gregg only 
carried one township, that of Half-Moon. Vote: 
Shulze, 1895; Gregg, 749; and the majority in the 
State for Governor Shulze was 25,717. 

Tlie Federal party had altogether disappeared as 
such, and the dispute of the pamphlets and news- 
papers of 1823 was almost wholly whether to the 
Shulze or Gregg party belonged the regular mantle of 
the Democratic party. Both sides in all their pam- 
phlets claimed to be Democratic-Republican and the 
regular ones. Mr. Gregg's age was urged .against 
him by his opponents; they added five years to it, 
making him seventy-three, and argued against the 
propriety of electing a man so aged. One pamphlet 
asserted he was a foreigner, born in Ireland, and edu- 
cated for the ministry at Dublin, confounding him, 
no doubt, with his son-in-law, Roland Curtin. In 
none was his honesty or integrity ever impugned. 

He was attacked upon his political record, his vote 
in favor of Jay's treaty, and that he was opposed to 
the war of 1812. Mr. Gregg was not in the Senate 
when Jay's treaty was ratified, but as a member of 
tlie House of Representatives he conceived it to be 1 
his duty to vote fur the necessary appropriations to \ 
carry it into effect, in order that the plighted faith of 
the nation might be kept. As to the war of 1812, 
Mr. Gregg did not vote against the declaration of 
war, but he was of opinion that it would be better 
not to declare war until the country was better pre- 
pared to prosecute it with vigor. He accordingly 
used his influence to prevent a declaration at tliat 
time, and to procure the issuing of letters-of-marque 
and reprisal to protect our own commerce, and to 
bring the British government to reason by retaliation 
upon theirs. The disasters of the first campaign of 
the war of 1812 proved the correctness of his views. 
Finding, however, his opinion overruled, he voted for 
the declaration of war under a conviction that in so 
solemn a matter it was important the country should 
enter upon it with united councils, and he supported 
it as became a friend to the country and a senator 
from Pennsylvania. 

The real struggle in 1823 was between the outs and 
ins, the former always outnumbering the latter. Mr. 
Gregg as Secretary of the Commonwealth was to a 
certain extent held responsible for Governor Hiester's 
acts; at all events the "outs" believed their chance 
for office rested altogether upon a change of admin- 



The Bellffoiite Patriot of Jan. 7, 1824, now pulj- 
lished by Thomas J. Petrikin, commences the year 
with an article on the Presidential question. 
He is suspicious of Gen. Jackson because 1824, 
the Federal papers favor him, and says, 
Jackson "is a worthy man, but is too much dis- 
posed to cut the ears out of the heads of those who do 
not favor his designs," and after canvassing the merits 
of Adams and Crawford concludes that John C. Cal- 
houn is the favorite of the people of Pennsylvania. 

The State Convention convened at Harrisburg 
March 4th, John Mitchell, Martin Hoover, and 
Thomas Burnside representing Centre County. An- 
drew Jackson for President and John C. Calhoun for 
Vice-President were declared for, and an electoral 
ticket composed of gentlemen favoring those candi- 
dates was selected. Gen. Philip Benner, of Centre, 
being one. The caucus nominations by members of 
Congress at Washington of William H. Crawford, of 
Georgia, for President and Albert Gallatin, of Penn- 
sylvania, for Vice-President, was sat down upon by 
the convention by a vote of two yeas (for approving of 
the nomination) ; nays, one hundred and twenty-three. 

The county meeting, held on the 21st of August, 
Col. William Smyth, president, Patrick Cambridge, 
secretary, indorsed the nomination of Jackson and 
Calhoun, and placed John Mitchell in nomination for 
Congress. The Democratic local ticket was : for As- 
sembly, Jacob Herring and James M. Petrikin ; 
Sheriff', John Keen and Robert Tate; Commissioner, 
John D. McMullin. 

Opposition ticket, John Brown for Congress, Wil- 
liam Smyth for Assembly. John Mitchell had a ma- 
jority of eighty-seven in the district, and William 
Smylh and Jacob Herring were elected to the Assem- 
bly. On the Adams and Calhoun ticket Hon. Charles 
Huston was placed as an elector. 

Logan's Branch Woolen-Factory.— July 5, 1824, 
Gen. Philip Benner commenced operating a factory 
on Logan's Branch, the site of which is by Mordecai 
Waddle's residence (1881), where carding, fulling, 
and dyeing were done. William G. and Ephraim 
Williams carried it on. It was burned down on the 
night of Feb. 8, 1831, but forthwith rebuilt and in 
operation again in June, 1831. 

Agricultural Societies. — The first agricultural so- 
ciety for Centre County originated at a meeting held 
in Bellefonte on Wednesday evening, Aug. 25, 1824. 
John G. Lowrey was chairman ; Gen. Philip Benner 
and Gratz Etting, Esq., secretaries. 

In the act of Assembly, passed March 6, 1820, " for 
the promotion of agriculture and manufactures," pro- 
vision was made for the formation of such societies in 
counties where the county commissioners and two- 



thirds of the grand jury agree in uniting thereto. A 
bontis of fifty dollars for every member of the House 
the county was entitled to was allowed out of the 
county treasury. The meeting at Bellefonte ap- 
pointed a committee of one from each township to 
carry into effect the business of the act of Assembly. 

The officers elected Oct. 27, 1825, were Thomas 
Burnside, president; Gratz Etting, secretary ; and John 
Norris, treasurer; Directors, William Smyth, John 
Rankin, Andrew Hunter, John Thompson, John Fos- 
ter, John G. Lowrey, Isaac McKinney, George Shene- 
berger, James 0. Hannah, and Joseph Green ; Com- 
mittee of Correspondence, W. W. Potter, George Bu- 
chanan, James Duncan, William A. Thomas, and 
James Potter. 

The second exhibition of the society was held at 
Bellefonte on Monday and Tuesday, Oct. 16 and 17, 
1826. The domestic manufactures were placed in the 
society room in the south wing of the court-house, 
and the cattle, horses, etc'., shown on Judge Burn- 
side's lots. Andrew Hunter took the premium for 
potatoes, Abraham Flack for corn, Jacob Armagost 
on wheat, Joseph Miles for best drawn iron, Jacob 
Houser for cloth, Joseph Montgomery for leather, 
Mrs. George Sheneberger for butter, Jacob Roop for 
rifle, Jacob Kitlinger for best cider, Mrs. Waddle for 
linen, David Hunter for a colt, etc. 

The third annual exhibition and cattle show of the 
Agricultural Society of Centre County was held 
agreeably to the constitution, on the 17th and 18th 
days of October, 1827, at " Potter's Fort." The di- 
rectors attending were John G. Lowrey, William 
Smyth,' Andrew Hunter, John Thompson, John Fos- 
ter, George Sheneberger, and James C. Hanna, who 
made the following report, viz. : 

•' Crops. 

"Of and rye crops no stafeliicnts were received. Tlie onlv 
c.Mii cnips or wl.ich theiu was ■a»\- cvi.leiice i>iesented of tlio 
.piaolily luisid iieraeie was Iruin J;iiiies Laurinior.', Jr.. of 
I'atloii towiLsliip, iiro.luoB per aorB !,i.\lj-livo liusliels on fif- 
teen acres, tliB sample produced of good quality. Pieiiiinin 
awarded ?-|.00 

"A statement was Duxde for Jolm lieed, of Potter township, of a crop 
of oats of twelve acres, aud said to liave yielded seventy-five l.n-liels per 
aciP, but no satisfactory evidence produced, John Reeil being al>.si-nl. 

"A sample from a cro|i uf potatcies raised Ijy Jacob Ilerriiisr, Esi)., of 
Gregg lowiisliip, said to Imvo .^il■lded lliiee linndred ami filty l.n^ll.■ls 
per acie, but no salisfacl.ny evidence produced, Mr. Herring Ireiiin sick 
aud unable to attend. To Jlessrs. Keed and Herring premiums nuiy yet 
be award, ifany members of the Society cau make the ncccssaiy ccrlifi- 
cates respecting tllese crops. 

" Horses, Cattle, Ktc. 

"To n. G. lirisUn, Totter b.wnship, fur tlie best stallion tliorongh- 

lue.l liorau JS.OO 

"T.i .l.uiie-. r.itter. Putter tu»n,bip, fur tlie t.est slallion for saddle 

and l,;,rn.-s< COO 

"Tc llavi.i HuMei, Haines townsliip, for the best blallion lur slow 

di-in^lil 5.00 

"Tn 1... i_. l; ,.l, I -mu-Mii i,,ni,-l„|,, 1,,, l„^si M„ll„jn under 

1' : 4.00 

"T" .1.11,,. I;, Ml, r..ii.i i,'.un-i,i,,. III. I..-,.| I ,1 n,i,,e l'..r'i.aa'.i']e'or' ' 

liain.-.s 4.00 

"To.l.ihn .McCy, Poller tow n«liii.,loi tlie liestbiooil mare fur slow 

ilnoiglit 4.00 

"To William Ueaid, Spring lownsli p, for the best mare under three 

•Maisuld 4.00 

"To.leiemiiili Rankin, Polt.-rtuwiisliip,s..cuii. I best 4.00 

"Tu William livin, Potter towushii., for the best bull 4.00 

"To William Beard, Spring township, the best bull nnder two years 

old ,.. 

"To William Hughes, Potter township, the best milcli cow 

"To John Keed, Potter township, the best heifer 

" To James Alexander, Potter township, the best boar 


, thi 



, and Mr. Potter 

" 9Ir. Biisbin relinquished the wdiole of liis ] 
three dollars of his preminm, to the use of the Society, and Messrs. W. 
Irvin, W. Beard, Jonas Boal, and John McCoy gave each one dollar of 
their premiums to the use of the Society. 

"Domestic Manufactures. 
"To Mrs. Withington, Potter township, for the best wool 

"To Mr.s. Jolm 
"To Mrs. Benn 
'To Mrs. Spear 
"To Dr. Culiu 

township, fur se. 

liship, lur 111.- best ragcaipeting 3.00 

lii)p. tor the secuiid best 2 00 

Haiii.s tuwnsliiii, fur the best web- 


"ToMi>. \i III ill, > imp tuwiisbip, lur llieliest web diaper 2 00 

"To Mis.luiiii hvin. r.ilter tuwiisliip, fur ihe best coverlet 2.00 

"Tu same, (ur the secund Lest ].00 

"To Hi's. Kuiister, Haines township, fur the best counterpane 1.00 

" To Mi.s.Wilbinglon, Potter townshiii, lor the best pair knit woolen 

buse 1.00 

"To Mi^ r -M, II tuwii^hip, for the second best 75 

"ToMi"i I, I vMi-hip, for tile best pair cotton hose 100 

" To 


To Mrs. Ptuii 
Tu Mis Fulsl 
To Jlr, Kil/se 

I-, r.iii 

r. lliiii 
aid, 11, 

To Saniiul I',- 

Ui.l 1 

To P. Wilsuii. 
To Ilev. Ueui;, 

■ Mil. , 

imitation iif broadcloth 3.00 

be best web blanketing •'i.OO 

ilie second best 2.llil 

li .St pair plain hoots 1 llO 

.iJYeaiiieV.'!!"!!!!!"""!!!!!" 2^00 
s 2.011 

uf hi 

1 leallic 


" Several sides of sole leather, of Inirness leather, and lots of calf-skin 
were presented, all of them, in the opinion of the directors, of excellent 
quality and superior workm.rnship. 
"To George llostennan, Haines township, tor the best maple- 


"BIrs. M'ithiiigton relinquished thret 
lauiui'l Petlit three dollars of his, to tin 

dollars of her premiums, am 
use uf the Society. 
"Gratz Ettino, Secretary" 

Agreeably to the constitution an election was held 
for the officers of the society for the ensuing year, 
when the following persons were duly elected, viz.: 
President, John G. Lowrey; Secretary, Bond Valen- 
tine; Treasurer, Andrew Gregg, Jr. ; Directors, James 
Duncan, James Potter, George Sheneberger, Daniel 
O'Brien, William Patton, James Cook, William 
Smyth, James Irvin, William A. Thomas, Andrew 

The present society (1882) was organized Jan. 28, 
1851. Hon. George Boal was the first president, 
James Gordon, of Walker, TJiomas Mayes, of Potter, 
J. L. Gray, of Half-Moon, Michael Decker, of Gregg, 
vice-presidents ; J. T. Hoover, of Bellefonte, and ^V'. 
G. Waring, of Harris, secretaries; and annual fairs 
were held at different points in the county. In 
May, 1868, the society purchased of the trustee.s of 
W. A. Thomas' estate nineteen acres of ground near 
Bellefonte at two hundred dollars per acre, and ex- 
pended considerable money in fitting up one of tlie 
best natural fair-grounds in the State, and the exhibi- 
tions became permanent at Bellefonte. The officers 
for 1881 are E. W. Hale, president; S. D. Ray, secre- 
tary ; with an executive committee composed of Clem- 
ent Dale, Esq., of Bellefonte ; Austin Curtin, of Cur- 
tin; A. V.Miller, Pleasant Gap ; William Tliompson, 
Jr., of Lemont ; G. D. Green, of Patton ; and Isaac 
Fraiue, of Walker. 



Volunteer Companies,— A company called the 
Lamar Volunteer Infantry was in existence and 
trained with the militia in the spring of 1824. The 
Centre Gnards Volunteer Company was formed at 
Bellefonte in May, 1824. The uniform of the latter 
company was citizen's plain blue coat, white pants 
and vest, black cravat, citizen's hat, black cockcade 
and stockings. John Armor was orderly sergeant. 
Jealousy produced by the election of officers for the 
Centre Guards resulted in the formation in the same 
month of " The Farmers' and Mechanic Infantry." 
This is indicated in the advertisement for the forma- 
tion of the latter company : "Those belonging to the 
Guards allege that political distinction is to be intro- 
duced in the new company. Such is not the fact. The 
farmers and mechanics are on the one side, and the 
gentlemen or those who please to call themselves so on 
the other side," etc. 

Hotel-Keepers in 1825. — Bald Eagle. — 
llu;j;h White, J. Johnston, William Alexander. 

Bcllefouie. — William Fatten, John Rankin, Henry 
F. Tamany, Evan Miles, Joseph Butler. 

Boggs. — Daniel Barber, Robert Tipton, Archibald 
Moore, James Brown. William Hinton in 1826. 

Ferguson. — John Harter, John Barron, Jeremiah 

Haines. — C. Goldman, Jacob Swentzel, Abraham 
High. 1826, David Cooke, Israel Pennington, and 
Samuel Thomas. 

Logan. — Anthony Kleckner. 

Miles. — Jacob Snyder, Jacob K. Hetlinger, Leonard 

Patton. — Matthew Adams. 

Potter. — George Withiugton, John C. Coverly. 

Spring. — Paulser Sellers. 

Walker. — John Snyder. 

In August, 1825, the road from Aaronsburg to the 
Brush Valley Narrows, between Jlillheim and Brush 
valley, was laid out and ordered to be opened. 




A WEITER in the Bellefonte Patriot, under 

1826. date of Feb. 23, 1826, gave the following as 

the iron-works in Centre County at that time : 

" PetmsijUanm i'liniace.— Situated about twenty miles from Bellefonte, 
iiiiJ uu tlie margin of the county. The fnruaee, slack, nearly all tlie 
liiiililinjss, (irc-ljank, coaling-ground are within Centre County, and the 
Biipidies of provisions, etc., are principally derived from tliis counly. I 
am thus paiticulav, aa the Huutiugdon writer claims this furnace. It 
makes about fifloen hundred tousof pig-metal annually. II is the prop- 
eity of Jlessrs. Stewart & Lyon. 

•' Tassey Furnace.— Situated about fourteen miles from Bellefonte, at 
the foot of Tussey Mountain. I'his furnace has becu out of blast for 

and turn* 

entiurs Sc 

some years, Init Is capable of innklng npwnjd,! of one Ihounand tons of 
pig-metal annujilly. It l« al«o the property of iUmta. Stewnil 4 I,y..ii. 

" Onire /''iirnnce.— Situated about nine miles from Billofonte, dheclly 
oppokite the end of Nitlany Mountain. This furnace has not been in 
operation for a inimher of years, but iiroparations are now, and have been 
for some time, making by JUsars. Jliles 4 Green, and they expect to 
have it in blast in May next. It is capable of making flftceu hundred 
tons pig-metal annually. 

" Spring fiiriKice.— Situated about four miles from Bellefmte 
Creek. This furnace is capable of making upwardsof luie ihu 
pig-metal annually. It ia the property of Con. Benner. 

" iojan ParMdce.— Situated three miles from ISellefonIo, o 
Branch of Spring Creek. This furnace makes .aliont twelv 
tons of pig-metal annually. It ia tlie property of Jlcasrs. Vii 

"EaijU Furnace.— Situated about Ave miles from Belleronle, in Bald 
Eagle Valley, is capable of making twelve hundred tons of pig-metal 
annually. It is the property of Roland Curtin, E-q, 

"ilf(»(n( 7/cc/a Fiiniace.— Situated about seven miles from Bellefonte, 
in Logan's Gap of Nittany Mountain, was built the past season, and will 
bo in blast in a few days. This furnace ia expected to make twelve 
hundred tons of pig-metal annually. It ia the property of Judgu 31c- 

"Clearfield Furnace. — Situated on the Susquehanna Biver, and imme- 
diately within the lino of Clearfield County. This furnace is capable of 
producing twelve hundred tons of pig-metal annually. A cupola ia at- 
tached to it. These woiks may be fairly estimated as belonging to thia 
county, as neatly all the supplies necessary for carrying them on are 
drawn from it. Thedistance from Bellefonte isabout twenty-four miles 
and they are the property of P. A. Karthaus, Esq. 

" WaMngton Fiiniacc— Situated filteen miles from Bellefonle, on 
Fishing Cteek. This furnace litis not been in operation lor sonio years, 
but enterprising men have been lately examining it, anil it is belii-ved it 
will be in full opeiation the next or following season. It is capable of 
niaking twelve linndred tons of pig-metal annually. It is the pnipeity 
of 31r. Henderson. 

" PhiUpshiirg Forge. — Situated twenty-nine miles from Bellefonte, on 
the waters of the Big Mosliannon, makes about two linndred tons annu- 
ally. This enterprising company have also a manufactoty for making 
wood-screws, which are in every way superior to those imported. They 
are made with great facility and in great quantitiea. To tlie screw man- 
ufactory is attached a cupola. They are collectively the luoperty of 
Hardman Philips, Hsq., & Co. 

" Rock Forgen. — Situated about four and five miles from Bellefonte, are 
capable of making six liuiidred tons of iron annually. There is also 
a rolling-mill for rolling boiler, nail, slit, and sheet iron, and a nail man- 
ufactory cotiiipcted with these works, the property of Gen. Benner. 

" Bellefonle Forge. — Situated half a mile from Bellefonte, on Logan's 
Branch of Siiring Creek. Messrs. Valentines 4 Thomas, the owners of 
this forge, are at present engaged in erecting a new forge on the same 

stream, a short distance above their presei 
be in operation in June next. They also h 

" J?..;(inr;-iira(.— For rol I i tig bar iron fi-om 
these forges they expert to make eight bun 
nail, and slit iron annually. 

" Mttesbnroiig^i Forge. — Situated one mile 
in the gap of Miiucy Moiiiitaiii, on tlie wa 
forge is capableof making lourhuiidied ton 

It one, which 
live lately erected i 
the bloom. Colini 
dred tunsof bar, b. 

ally. Co 

xpected t 

Bald Eagle 
nnnally. It 

" Itolling-mtl.—Tor rolling boiler, sheet, nail, and slit iro 

" Xtiil .Maiutfaclnrii.—.\n of which do a considerable busi 
are owned collectively by Gen. Miles & Co. 

"Eagle Forje.— Situated five miles from Bellefonte, . 
Creek, is capable of making four linndred tons of bar iron 
is the property of Roland Curtin, Esq. 

" Washington F.irjs.— Situated flfteen miles from Bellef.inle, on Fish- 
ing Creek, is capable of making three hundred tousof bar iron annnallv. 
This forge has not been in operation a few yeai-s past, but It i.a nut 
much out of repair, and without doubt will be started shoitly. It ia Uie 
property of lilr. Henderson. 

"Harvey's Forge. — Situated about twenty miles from Bellef.aile. on 
Fishing Creek, is capable of making four hundred tons of bar irnn an- 
nually. This forgo is in a similar situation with Washington Forge. 

" From the above it appears the iron-works in this county are ca|uible 
of making annually eleven thousand tons of pigm.-tal and three t :oi:- 
sand one hundred tons of bar iron ; and this quantity, no doubt, would 
be greatly increased by increased fucililiesof trauspDrtatiuu to maik^-l." 



January 23ci, a large meeting was held at Belle- 
fonte, Gen. Benner presiding, with James Duncan 
and John G. Lowrey as secretaries, which passed 
strong resolutions in favor of a canal to connect the 
eastern and western waters of the State. 

On the 4th of March, 1826, the Democratic Con- 
vention, which met in Harrisburg, renominated John 
A. Shulze for Governor. Dr. William Darlington, of 
Chester County, was president of the convention. 
Henry Petrikin and Jacob Kryder were the delegates 
from Centre and Clearfield. The only ripple in the 
convention was caused by a resolution offered by Mr. 
Bull, of Bradford County, on confidence in the patri- 
otism and integrity of Gen. Andrew Jackson, and 
approval of his conduct. The resolution wa? opposed 
by Mr. Petrikin and others, as being foreign to the 
object of the convention, and as impolitic to indicate a 
choice of a candidate three years in advance, but it 
carried by a vote of ninety-three to seven. 

At a Democratic meeting held at Bellefonte on the 
29th of August, Thomas Burnside acting as president, 
and Walter Longwell and James Macmanus, Esq., as 
secretaries, Hon. John Mitchell was renominated 
for member of Congress. The committee upon reso- 
lutions was composed of James Duncan, Joseph Gilli- 
land, Henry Petrikin, John Rankin, and Gen. Philip 

The convention of delegates was held on the 12th 
of September, Walter Longwell chairman, and James 
Ferguson secretary, when the following ticket was 
recommended: Governor, J. A. Shulze; Congress, 
John Mitchell; Assembly, Greenwood Bell, of Clear- 
field, and James M. Petrikin ; Commissioner, Jacob 
Kryder; Auditor, Walter Longwell. 

There were no political issues thrust before the 
people during this year. The candidates for Congress, 
Messrs. Mitchell, Brown, and Allison, all being within 
the party pale, a preference was claimed and awarded 

the Centre County candidate, because Mifilin and 
Huntingdon had been served. Henry Petrikin, of 
Bellefonte, was nominated by the conferees of Ly- 
coming, Potter, McKean, Centre, and Clearfield to 
fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Judge 
Burnside in the State Senate. At a meeting of the 
citizens of Bald Eagle township, held at the house of 
Alexander Mahon, William Hazlett, president, Rob- 
ert McCormick, secretary, David Allen, of that town- 
ship, was nominated for Senate. The people of Clear- 
field County in several meetings expressed their 
preference for Martin Hoover. Gen. Philip Benner 
was also put in nomination by his friends in Centre 
County. James Macmanus, Esq., who had been a 
conferee to the District Convention, which, on the 
ISth of September, nominated Henry Petrikin for 
senator, had a diflicultj' about some matters with Mr. 
Petrikin, and turned in with the opposition to the 
Petrikin rule, as it was called, and a brisk battle 
commenced within the party. The time was too 
short, being only a fortnight before the election, to 
defeat Mr. Petrikin, but, aided by Roland Curtin, 
Sr., Andrew Gregg, Sr., he carried Centre County 
for Gen. Benner by a majority of seventeen votes. 
Mr. Petrikin, however, carried the district. Centre, 
Clearfield, Lycoming, Potter, and McKean, by a ma- 
jority of two hundred and eighty-four. This placed 
two more brothers in oflBoe, — John D. Petrikin was 
county treasurer, having succeeded James M., who 
was treasurer in 1825; James M. was elected to the 
House, and Henry to the Senate. On the Presiden- 
tial question at this date the Petrikins and Judge 
Thomas Burnside were for John Quincy Adams, Mr. 
Macmanus and his side of the house for Gen. Jack- 
son. The contest became warm and personal, and its 
influence can be traced in tlie results of local elec- 
tions for many years, in the establishment of the 
Centre Democrat by Gen. Benner, etc. 





















































IS,iM Eaylf 















For Governor, Mr. Shulze had no opposition. Mr. 
Mitchell's majority for Congress in the district over 
Mr. Brown was 1438; over Mr. Allison, 580. 

The Bellefonte Patriot of Nov. 16, 1826, records the 
fact that on Saturday previous a number of Virgin- 
ians made their appearance at Bellefonte, having 
before the dawn of day, in the name and by the 
authority of the commonwealth of Pennsylvania cap- 
tured and made prisoners two negroes a little distance 
from the town. They were claimed as runaway slaves. 
They were paraded through the streets, bound hand 
and foot with ropes, and taken to jail. There was 
many an eye to pity but none to save. 

During the day an investigation took place before 
Judge Burnside of the right of those claiming them 
to carry into bondage these miserable blacks, and 
resulted in their being awarded according to the evi- 
dence adduced, and, according to law, the property 
and slaves of those having them in custody. 

In 1827, William Cox Ellis, of Muncy, and Robert 
McClure, Esq., of Williarasport, were the 
1827. candidates for State Senate; Thomas Hast- 
ings, James M. Petrikin, Greenwood Bell, 
Esq., of Clearfield. 

For sheriff the candidates were Joseph Butler, John 
D. McMullen, John Neff, Robert Tate, Philip Benner, 
Jr., Robert Watson, John M. Rankin, Jacob Bollin- 
ger, and Robert Speer; for county commissioner, 
Anthony Kleckner, Edward Perdue, Robert Elder, 
and Balser Sellers. 

Mr. Ellis was nominated by the Lycoming conven- 
tion for the Senate, Henry Petrikin, conferee from 
Centre, agreeing thereto; "but the Democracy of 
Centre seemed," as expressed by a writer of the day, 
" to have choked on him, being so recently from the 
very head of the Federal party, and the worthy Mc- 
Clure, a more moderate Federalist, was elected.'" 

Merchants of 1827. — The following is a correct 
list of those persons who have been returned to the 
treasurer of Centre County as retailers of foreign 
merchandise, including wines and spirits : John Fors- 
ter, Jr., John McGhee, Huston & Irvine, Nathan 
Harvey (two stores), George Bressler, Plunibe & Mc- 
Girk, Duncan & Forster, Alexander Graham, Israel 
Bigelow, Norton & Wasson, James and John Potter, 
David Duncan, H. Philips & Co., Henry Lorain, 
James Kelogg, Jr., Cambridge & Petrikin, P. Benner, 
Jr., & Bros., Smith & Gregg, Samuel Patton, Samuel 

The following have been licensed as retailers of 
foreign merchandise only : James Johnston, William 
Bailey, James Irvin, Stewart & Lyon, Robert & 
James Cook, John Irvin, McKinney & Smyth, Ro- 
land Curtin, Valentines & Thomas, John Johnston, 
Isaac McKinney, Irvine & Smith, Henry Adams, — 
J. D. Petrikis, Trcmurer. 

In November or December, 1827, Gen. Philip Ben- 
ner established The Centre Democrat at Bellefonte. It 
was edited and published by Thomas Simpson. The 

general dismissed Simpson for an article abusive of 
his Quaker friend William Cox Ellis, and placed Wil- 
liam Piatt in charge. Piatt was succeeded by John 
Bigler, afterwards Governor of California, in 1830, 
and Nov. 19, 1831, John Bigler purchased the paper 
from Gen. Benner, and Dec. 7, 1831, commenced re- 
numbering the paper Vol. I., No. 1, as the Centre 
County Democrat. He completed two volumes, when, 
Jan. 10, 1834, Hon. S. T. Shugert became owner and 
editor, and resumed the old name Centre Democrat. 
In September, 1836, Col. E. V. Everhart became a 
partner of Mr. Shugert, but retired March 18, 1837. 
Col. Everhart died at Philadelphia, Aug. 4, 1854, 
aged forty years. In February, 1840, Mr. Shugert 
associated John T. Herd with him, but Mr. Herd re- 
tired in August, 1840. In the fall of 1842 it passed 
into the hands of John H. McFadden. 

Feb. 5, 1845, Mr. McFadden and Gen. William H. 
Blair entered into partnership in its publication. Sep- 
tember 16th, William H. Blair became the editor and 
proprietor. John H. McFadden died in 1850. 

Gen. Blair conducted it until May, 1852, when Col. 
James F. Weaver became proprietor, and edited it as 
a Democratic paper until Nov. 1, 1854, when it passed 
into the hands of M. P. Croswaitbe and W. W. Brown, 
and became the organ of the Know-Nothing party. 

Der Centre Berichter was established at Aaronsburg 
in July, 1827, by Adam Gentzel, price one dollar per 
year. With a short interval, in which it was published 
by John Finkel, it remained in the hands of Mr. 
Gentzel until 1847, when the office was purchased by 
Ludwig Kurtz, of York, who changed the name to the 
Demoh-atischcr Berichter und Centre County Unzeigcr. 
Fred. Kurtz succeeded his father in 1857, and con- 
ducted it for ten years. He was succeeded by Thomas 
J. Kister. Finally Philip D. Stover removed the 
office to Millheim in 1871, and sold out to George 
W. Foote in April, 1873. In May, 1876, Mr. Foote 
sold to Messrs. Walter and Deininger, who changed 
the name to the Millheim Journal. In May, 1880, Mr. 
Walter retired, and Mr. Bumiller became associate 
editor. It was at first a German newspaper. Mr. 
Kurtz, after some time, filled some columns with ar- 
ticles in the English language, and since May, 1880, 
it has been printed altogether in English. Its poli- 
tics have alwavs been Democratic. 



In 1828 the tone of the Patriot, Henry Petrikin's 
paper, was Adams ; but early in the year Jackson 
meetings were commenced. His friends in 
Howard township met at the house of John 1828- 
C. Grubb. Mr. Grubb was chosen chairman, 
James Gardner and Oliver B. McClure were appointed 



secretaries. The committee on resolutions were Gil- 
bert Leitch, David Askey, H. B. Packer, Henry Neff, 
and Jacob Baker. Roland Cnrtin, Samuel Gardner, 
Job Way, Jacob Neff, Samuel Cowperthwaithe, Sam- 
uel Helmon, and Philip Barnliart, Jr., were appointed 
a committee of correspondence. 

The following list contains the names of the gentle- 
men who are appointed committees of vigilance for 
the different townships to promote the election of 
Andrew Jackson : 

JBeHs/biite.— "William Petit, William Putter, James Macmaniis, Thomas 

McKee, Thomas Hastings, Jj\, Patiiek Cambridge, James Ilulh- 

Sogfjs Toivjiship. — Col. Henry Barnliart, Casper Peters, John D. Mc- 

Mullin, John W. Miles, Samuel Patton, Archibald Moore, Jacob 

Kitlinger, James Foster, Ksq., Thomas Watson, Frederick Malone. 
Bald Eagle. — William Richards, David Allen, Esq., Huz. Stevenson, John 

Kirk, .Tonathan Belong, John Smith. 
Ferguson. — George Sheneberger, Cul. James Johnson, John Thompson, 

E«\., Daniel O'Brjan, John Barter, William Mnrray, Esq., James 

Huey, P.M., George Colemoyer, George Boal, John Bell, Esq. 
Gregg.— JtAin Whiteman, Thomas McElhany, Esq , George Ilgau, George 

Hoy, John Shuck, Daniel Hoover, David Cook. 
Howard. — Roland Curtin, Samuel Gardner, Job Way, Samuel Cowper- 

thwaite, Philip Barnhart, Jr. 
Half-Moon.— John 0. Hartsock, Mattliew Diinond, Thomas Moore, Jr., 

John Blair, William M. Kelly, William Liglity, John L. Gray. 
Haines. — Jacob Kryder, Col. Adam Neidigh, Jacob Harter, John Morton, 

James James, Daniel Spyker, Jno. Uosterman, George Weaver, Adam 

GentzelI,Andrew Harter. 
Logan. — Authony Kleckner, John Shitz, John Shrock, Samuel McKisson, 

Esq. • 

iamar.— John McGhee, John Moran, Hugh McGonigle, George Ohl, 

David Allison, William Miller (Cedar Spring), William C. Wilson, 

Peter Best. ' 
STiks. — John Sheaffer, John G. Conser, Esq., George Bear, Esq., .Tacob 

Kreamer, George Gramlj', Christopher Spangler. 
Porter.— Peter Spangler, William Kert-, Esq., John Keller, Walter Long- 
well, George Jack, John Wheelen, Jr., John Duubermau, Andrew 

Barbar, Henry Pennington, George Withington. 
Pu«on.— Moses Thompson, William Williams, Robert Glen, Peter Gray, 

Capt. John Chambers, Kphraim Lamborn, Abraham Hartzogg, James 

Laurimore, J. William Henderson. 
Rush. — John B. Meek, Jacob Test, James Collins, James Kinnear, Jr., 

James McGirk. 
Sprmj.— Philip Benner, John Barr, Pulser Sellers, .Tohn McBride, Mat- 
thew Adams, John Weaver, Gilbrait Knox, Henry Hollabangh, 

James Sharp, 
irn/ier.— Robert D. McBride, Col. William Smyth, John McCalmont, 

Esq., James Hutchison, James Allison, James Sterret, Walter Wan, 

William McEweu, Jr., George Swartz, Henry Klopper. 

At the election, October 31st, the Jackson electors 
received in Centre County 1998 votes, and the Adams 
electors 453 votes. 

In 1828 the officers of the Centre Troo|) were Samuel 
H. Wilson, captain; John Rankin, first lieutenant; 
William Richard, second lieutenant; Benjamin Ben- 
net, cornet. 

Of business interests at Bellefonte were the Harris 
Mills, grist and saw, on the site of Reynolds' present 
Phoenix Mills; C. F. W. Seligman, drug- and grocery- 
store ; T. Keckeler's store; Harris & Smith, drug- 
and apothecary-store. In AValker township, George 
McCormick, fulling-mill, late Samuel McKinney's. 
In Howard townsliip, Montgomery & McFadden, 
tanners. Of hotels at Bellefonte were the Franklin 
(lately kept by William Patton), Benjamin Bennet, 

proprietor, and the Jackson Hotel. T. Hastings, Jr., 
opened in the house late occupied by the Centre Bank, 
on the southeast corner of Allegheny and Howard 

The Democratic Convention, which met at Harris- 
burg, March 4th, nominated George Wolf for Gover- 
nor, and the Anti-Masonic Convention, which 
met June 25th, nominated Joseph Ritner for 1829. 
Governor. Centre County was not represented 
at the latter Convention. We can find but one record 
of a political meeting. This was held by the citizens 
of Ferguson township at Daniel O'Bryan's tavern, 
James Lourimore, chairman, Reuben H. Meek, secre- 
tary. The committee on resolutions consisted of 
William McKee, George McCormick, and Ezra D. 
Brisbin. The resolution charged that George Wolf 
was nominated by Masonic intrigue, and therefore 
they would oppose his election and support Joseph 
Ritner as the Democratic-Republican candidate. The 
committee of vigilance appointed for the township 
consisted of Dr. Hugh Montgomery, Eli Hastings, 
Col. Joseph Watson, Hugh Laurimore, John Hess, 
George W. Meek, John Archy, and David Dale. 

In January, 1830, Joseph B. Anthony and A. D. 

Hepburn were candidates for State Senate to 

fill the vacancy occasioned by the death of '■°""- 

Robert McClure. 

On the 26th of January an Anti-Masonic county 
meeting was held in the court-house; William Mc- 
Minn presided, and John Campbell acted as sec- 
retary. The delegates appointed to the Harrisburg 
Convention were William Murray and William W. 
Huston. The committee of vigilance appointed for 
Centre County consisted of William Irvin, J. M. 
Petrikin, John Forster, Jr., Joseph Watson, James 
Hazlet, William McMinn, and William McEwen. 


Whiles. Colored. 

Bald Eagle 8:i5 8 

Bellelonte 009 67 

Bnggs l.ail 

Ferguson 1.7.i.T 5 

Gregg 1,5G4 

Haine:; 6 

Ilall-Moon !I'.I4 17 

Howard 1,'ilil 20 

Lamar l.-iU 15 

Loiian C(l:! 1 

Miles 1,0,H 

Patton 077 31 

Potter 1,87-2 10 

Rush 4111 7 

Spring I,:ill7 74 

Walker l,l)7li 4 

18,700 203 

Potter had one male slave and four females. 

June 24th, the nail-factory, rolling-mill, and saw- 
mill attached to the forge (now Linn & McCoy's, 
north of Bellefonte) of Joseph Miles were burned by 
an accidental fire; and the 11th of July the large 
stone house of Gen. Benner at Rock Forge, occupied 
by Tiiomas R. Benner, burned, supposed to have 
been the work of an incendiary. In October, Gen. 
Benner notifies his tenants to call and pay their rents, 
either at Rock Forge or Bellefonte. As he has over 



fifty tenants, he says he cannot ride around and 
settle with them. 

On the Fourth of July the Jackson men had a Dem- 
ocratic celebration ; Charles Treziyulny presided, Isaac 
Evans and Bond Valentine were vice-presidents, Dan- 
iel I. Pruncr and Thomas Hastings, Jr., were secreta- 
ries, John Bigler, afterwards Governor of California, 
read the Declaration, W. W. Potter, Esq., offered the 
resolutions. Among the toasts was the following odd 
one given by Robert McKim : The surviving sol- 
diers of the Revolution : may some Joseph place the 
silver cup of Benjamin in each of their sacks while 
they journey through the land of promise from 
"gloom to glory." The company, to the number of 
one hundred, partook of a sumptuous entertainment, 
])repared by William Armor. The only survivor of 
the long list of toast-givers that day is James Gilli- 
land, who resides near Washington, D. C. (1881). 

In the fall of 1830, Bond Valentine, of Bellefonte, 
and James Ferguson, of Clearfield, were named for 
Assembly at a meeting held in Howard township. 
John NefF, William Bard, Abraham High, Philip 
Dinges, were candidates for sheriff. A working- 
men delegate meeting was held at Walkerville, in 
Half-Moon townshij), on the 7th of August, and 
put in nomination John Scott, of Huntingdon, 
for Congress ; James Ferguson, of Clearfield, and 
John Hasson, of Centre, for Assembly ; William 
AVard, for sheriff; John Thompson, of Half-Moon, 
for commissioner ; John W. Miles, of Boggs, for 
auditor. Samuel Johnston was chairman of this 
convention, Samuel Casey, secretary. A paper signed 
by citizens of Howard, addressed to Henry Petrikin, 
asked him to be a candidate, and he consented. 
Robert Allison, Esq., ran as the Anti-Masonic candi- 
date for Congress. In Centre the aggregate vote for 
John Scott was 1359 ; for Allison, 865. Howard, 
Potter, Ferguson, Bald Eagle, Half-Moon, and Pat- 
ton gave Allison majorities. Potter was, perhaps, 
not Anti-Masonic, and Mr. Allison's large vote there 
was no doubt made by influential friends, but the 
votes of the other Penn's valley townships indicate the 
early stability of the Democracy : Haines, — Scott, 
229; Allison, 22. Gregg,— Scott, 122; Allison, 48. 
In Logan (Sugar valley), Scott had 56 ; Allison, 13. 
Rush's vote was Scott, 43 ; Allison, 5. The vote iu 
Miles was Scott, 92; Allison, 52. In Walker, Scott 
had 119 ; Allison, 14. Howard and Ferguson are 
the heaviest Anti-Masonic. Howard, for Allison 113 
to 43 for Scott; Ferguson, 128 for Allison, 55 for 
Scott. Mr. Allison carried the district by 878, the 
vote of Huntingdon County being the factor, — 2366 
for Allison, 947 for Scott. William Ward was elected 
sheriff of Centre County, and John Thompson, 
county commissioner. Henry Petrikin and Bond 
Valentine, both of Centre, were elected to the As- 
sembly over John Hasson and Lewis Smith. Hasson 
had 504 votes ; Smith, 298. Sheriff Ward received 
303 votes over the united votes of his competitors. 


Jlrceifis and ExpenflUurea of the Boronyh of liHl'ftmte^ eommencintj irirft, 

December, ISM, and ending iHlh Srpttmber, ISiO. 

K"C0ipt9 81(!24 0O 

lialunce duo treasurer J4.73 

Expenditures ?IO:i8.7.5 

By baliince due treasurer 814.75 

Delita due liy the borough $4iO.»25iJ 

Due the huruuKh «83.8'J 

Expenses of Iiiyjug pipes, etc, tliis summer not asrertiiined. 

FUANKLIN B. Smith, Treamrer. 

.lOUN BiGl.KR, 

Thomas JIcKef., 
John Ca=8idav, 

Commillfe of Totcn CoiindJ. 

In February, Humes and Proud started their Eagle 

Paper-Mill, near Bellefonte, manufacturing 

printing, writing, and wrapping paper. aoua. 

In March, 1831, James Smith, of Mill Hall, ran a 
line of stages between Bellefonte and the Great Island. 
The stage left Bellefonte on Mondays, Wednesdays, 
and Fridays, at eight o'clock a.m., and reached Great 
Island at one p.m., returning as far as Mill Hall. Oa 
the return it reached Bellefonte at four p.m. of alter- 
nate days, — Tuesdays, etc., — at the same time with the 
Harrisburg, Erie, and Pittsburgh stages. Fare from 
Great Island to Bellefonte, one dollar and twenty-five 
cents way passage; five cents per mile. 

At a meeting of the Centre County Temperance 
Society at April court, the following officers were 
elected for the ensuing year: President, Dr. John 
Harris; Vice-Presidents, William Pettit and Henry 
Vandyke; Secretary, Rev. James Linn; Managers, 
Alfred Armstrong, Dr. Charles Coburn, William Cook, 
James Hutchinson, Rev. George I. Miles, David Cook, 
Dr. Daniel Dobbins, and James Crawford. 

The Jackson Democratic County Committee this 
year consisted of William Kerr, Philip Benner, George 
Hosterman, Philip Walker, William W. Potter, George 
Sheneberger, Michael Sehaeffer, Henry Barnhart, 
John McCalmont, and Samuel Smith. 

On the 4th of July, 1831, the Democrats held 
another celebration at the Big Spring, at Bellefonte. 
W. W. Potter, Esq., James Gilliland, Samuel W- 
Beatty, John Bigler, Isaac Evans, James P. Gregg, 
Charles B. Callahan, Bond Valentine, Josiah Kent, and 
Edward J. Smith were on the committee of arrange- 
ments. Gen. Benner presided; William Carner, 
James Rothrock, Charles Treziyulny, and Isaac Evans 
were vice-presidents. The dinner was prepared by 
William Armor. 

The Jackson Democratic Convention met on the 
23d of August, Hon. Jacob Kryder, of Haines, pres- 
ident, H. B. Packer, of Howard, and Adam Gentzel, 
of Haines, secretaries. The delegates were: 

Haines. — Jacob Kryder, Adam Gentzel, Esq. 

jl/(7e«.— John SchaeflTer and George Gast. 

Logan.— Co\. Anthony Kleckner and James Schock. 

Gregg.— WaXter Longwell, John Henney, and Wil- 
liam Kerr, Esq. 



Ferguson. — Charles Carpenter. 
• Spring. — Gen. P. Benner and George Taylor. 

Boggs. — Thomas Watson and John Barnhart. 

Howard.— Co\. H. B. Packer. 

Bald Eagle. — James Small. 

Bellefunte. — D. I. Bruner. The conferees were in- 
structed to vote for John G. Lowrey for senate. 

Bond Valentine was nominated for Assembly, John 
Schaeffer, of Miles, for county commissioner, and John 
W. Miles, of Boggs, for auditor. 

The National Republican or Anti-Jackson Conven- 
tion was presided over by Hon. Thomas Burnside; 
James Duncan and George Valentine acted as sec- 
retaries. Committee on Resolutions, George Buch- 
anan, Charles Carpenter, William W. Houston, S. H. 
Wilson, and Thomas Craighead, Esq. ; County Com- 
mittee, Thomas Burnside, Michael Musser, Roland 
Curtin, Philip Wolfart, George Bressler, John Potter, 
James Duncan, W. W. Houston, and George Buch- 
anan. One of the resolutions was, — 

"Resolved, That as free citizens, who disdain all 
blind devotion to men, we cannot support the re- 
election of Gen. Jackson to the office of President of 
the United States when we firmly believe that he is 
governed more by selfish feelings to reward his par- 
tisans than to promote the public good ; that we are 
satisfied he is an enemy to public improvement and 
to the promotion of the industry of our country, etc." 

The Lycoming conferees (Messrs. Packer and Lloyd) 
for senator would not agree that Centre County should 
name her own candidate, and insisted that Henry 
Petrikin should be the candidate. Col. Anthony 
Kleckner and W. W. Potter, Esq., then withdrew, 
and nominated John G. Lowrey. Mr. Petrikin was, 
however, elected senator. 

Hon. Thomas Burnside was the congressional del- 
egate in the convention, Dec. 16, 1831, at Baltimore, 
which nominated Henry Clay for President and John 
Sergeant, of Pennsylvania, for Vice-President. It was 
styled the National Republican Convention. 

The following calculation, made by Wardman Phil- 
ips and George Valentine, derived from average re- 
turns submitted to the general convention of the 
friends of domestic industry assembled in New York 
in October from two counties most extensively en- 
gaged in the manufacture of iron, — namely, Centre 
and Huntingdon, — is sufficiently curious to be put on 
record : 

"Foreftch ton of bur-iron and castings made the following agricul- 
tural produce is found to be consuDied : 

"20 bushels of wheat and rye, average at 75 cents $15 00 

57 pounds of pork at 5 ^ 2>5 

43 pounds beef at 4 ].72 

10 pounds butter at Vl^/i l.lio 

2 bushels of potatoes at 30 60 

l^tou of bay, J7 3.50 

"For every ten tons of bar-iniu one bor-be is employed's w,>rlc,SU)0; and experience sli.iws that 
the mortality among horses so eniph.yed is per au- 
linm one in seven, and coustitutesa charge of per 

ton 1.43 

"For fruit and vegetables, uf which no return is made, 

we feel justified iu putting down 1,00 

" Making a total of. 827.25 

" Every five tons requires one able-bodied man throughout the year ; 
average of wages, one dollar per day ; e.\penses of taking to market, 
ten dollars per ton." 

November 19th, John Bigler, having bought out 
Gen. Benner, became proprietor and editor of the 
Centre Democrat; he had been connected with the 
printing-office for three years, he states. He changed 
the name to The Centre County Democrat, and com- 
menced a new volume. 

On the night of December 31st the grist-mill situ- 
ated at the mouth of Hoy's Gap, belonging to Hon. 
Isaac McKinney, was burned, together with a large 
amount of grain. 

December 24th, Valentine Ertle, an aged man, was 
committed to jail of Centre County for the murder of 
his own son. Both were under the influence of liquor 
and the father grappled the son by the throat and 
choked him until he fell and, it is believed, instantly 
expired. He was tried at April term, 1832, on an 
indictment for murder ; Macmanus, deputy attorney- 
general, conducting the prosecution ; the defense 
being conducted by Messrs. Blanchard and Potter. 
The jury found him guilty of voluntary manslaughter, 
and the court sentenced him to ten years' imprison- 
ment in the penitentiary ; but in consideration of his 
advanced age the court recommended the prisoner to 
the mercy of the Governor. In passing sentence 
Judge Burnside remarked that in every case which had 
been tried in the Court of Quarter Sessions the pres- 
ent term within his judicial district, the testimony 
showed that intemperance had prompted to the com- 
mission of the offenses ; that the case of the prisoner 
was a practical lesson to every man in the commu- 




COUNTY, 1832. 

With the respective diBtances of the piacea from Harrishurg. 

Aaroitshttrg. Adam Gentzel 88 miles. 

Bell-fmte. Hamilton Humes 85 " 

Bo:tlsbvrg. Charles Uaiuey ' 82 " 

Cedar Spring. Samuel H. Wilson 101 " 

Half-Moon. John Ulair 101 " 

Howard. Hezekiab li. Packer 95 " 

Logan.'^ John Zimmerman 92 " 

Mileshurg. Joseph Green, Jr.^ 87 " 

Millheim. Daniel Keen 80 " 

Mill Hall. Nathan Harvey 108 " 

AUtamj. H. W. F. Schullzo< 101 " 

Old Fort. George Yonngman 75 " 

Pldlip^bmg. John Plumbe, Jr 114 " 

Piue nrore Mitln. Daniel OUryan 8S " 

Potter's Mill. James Potter.. 71 " 

1 Charles Rainey died Nov. .'10, 1844, aged seventy-three years. 

2 The post-office of Logan removed to Hublersburg, and B. D. Hall 
appointed postmaster in July, 1839. 

3 Isaac BiifRngton succeeded Joseph Green in February, 1839, and con- 
tinued postmaster until May, 1849, when he resigned, and Joseph 
Schnell was appointed. J. S. Proudfoot succeeded Joseph Schnell in 

* Peter Pauley appointed in 1838, vice Scbultze, resigned. 



Qtiiglni il/i»«,i Mii-hnel Qiiigley 100 miles. 

iW/er«imrg2 Philip Reitzell 9:1 " 

Unriiig Milh. Duvi.l Dnnciin 80 " 

thigiir Vallei/. A. Kleckliei-s 102 " 

W'ulker* jiimes llutdiinson 93 " 

In connection with this the earliest complete list 
of postmasters of the county could he found, a 
brief sketch of the establishment of post-ofBces in the 
county, as far as could be ascertained by James Gilli- 
land, Esq., who searched the records at Washington 
City, is subjoined : 

Aaronnbttrg, April 1, 1798. James Omican, postmsister. 

BellefmU, April 1, 179S. James Haiiis, postmaster. 

BoaUburg, April 10, 182G. James lluey, postmaster. 

Ceiilre Furmice, Jnly 1,1799. Gen. John Pal ton, postmaster, died in 
1802. James Johnston was postmaster, Oct. 1, 1814, and Cliriswell White- 
hill, May 4, 1818. This office was discontinued June 17, 1824. 

Half-Moon, Oct. 1, 1817. Joseph B. Sbugert, postmaster. 

Lamar, Jan. 20, 1832. Joseph Gamble, postmaster. 

Lognn, Feb. 25, 1829. John Ziminei'man, postmaster. 

Mitesbiirg, March 13, 1797. Joseph Green, postmaster. 

Jl/Wf lf(///, April I, ISll. Benjamin Harvey, postmaster. 

Millheim, Dec. 2, 1820. Daniel Keen, postmaster. 

Nillani/, Oct. 30, 1S25. John Snyder, postmaster. May, 1830, John 
Snyder, Jr., postmaster. He declined, and n. F. W. Schultze appointed 
io May, 1830. 

OUI Fort, lute Earhjsbiirg (no date). John Benner, Jr., postmaster. 
March 23, 1833, Catherine Withinglon, postmaster. 

P.'inra Vallpy, Jan. 1, 1815. John Robeson, postmaster. 

PMIipsbtirg, July 1,1813. John Lorain, postmaster. April 3, 1815, 
W. P. Dewees, postmaster. 

Pine Grove Mills, April 12, 1812. Stephen Davis, postmaster. 

Pollers MUls, April 1, 1811. James Potter, Jr., postmaster. 

At a "Democratic-Republican meeting," convened 
at Bellefonte, January 24th, in accordance with the 
long-established usage of the Republican party of 
Pennsylvania (Bigler's Centre County Democrat), John 
G. Lowrey, Esq., was appointed president ; George 
Leidy, of Lamar, and William Kerr, of Potter, vice- 
presidents ; Gen. James Irvin, of Ferguson, and John 
SchaefFer, of Miles, secretaries. The committee on 
resolutions were John Bigler, James Potter, Jacob 
Kryder, Col. William Smyth, Maj. Henry Barnhart, 
George Sheneberger, Thomas Mcllhenny, John 
Thompson, Peter Best, and Henry Meyer. Their 
resolution favored the election of Gen. Jackson for 
President, William Wilkins for Vice-President, and 
George Wolf for Governor. W. W. Potter, Esq., and 
Adam Gentzel were appointed delegates to the Har- 
risburg Convention to nominate an electoral ticket 
and a candidate for Governor. 

In 1832, February 7th, a temperance society was 
formed in Ferguson and Potter townships, at a school- 
house in Boalsburg, with S. Miles Green, Esq., as 
president; Vice-President, George Sheneberger; Sec- 
retary, Jacob Bergstresser ; Treasurer, Thomas Raney ; 
George Boal, George Jack, John Gilliland, John Boal, 
and James Larimer, managers. 

1 Post-odice removed to Eagleville, and Dr. D. W. Roberts appointed 
postmaster in July, 1839. Established Jan. 12, 1828, Michael Quigley 
the first postmaster. 

- Established Feb. 1, 1827. 

3 George Aclienbaugh sncceeded A. Kleckner, March 9, 1838. 

< Established in 1826, James Hutchinson the first postmaster. He was 
BUCceeUcd by James McCuUough, April 2G, 1S33. 

The Lick Run Temperance Society was organized 
March 11th, Rev. D. McKinney, president; Thomas 
McCalmont, vice-president; H. W. F. Scliulze, sec- 
retary; William McCalmont, David Smith, and Jolin 
Milliken, managers. 

The Centre County Temperance Society met April 
23d, Thomas Burusiile, president ; William Pettit and 
Henry Vandyke, vice-presidents ; Rev. James Linn, 
secretary; Managers, Dr. John Harris, Dr. Daniel 
Dobbins, Dr. Charles Coburn, James Gilliland, John 
Bigler, Isaac Miller, L. K. Torbett, J. Sitman, and 
James Patton. 

The Democratic party had two wings. The Na- 
tional Republicans held their meeting April 24th, 
Gen. Joseph Miles, chairman ; William Smyth, Jr., 
secretary; Committee on Resolutions, John Blanch- 
ard, Roland Curtin, William W. Houston, Samuel H. 
Wilson, Samuel M. Green, Esq., Dr.'William Berry, 
A. W. Myers, and Michael Musser. Their resolu- 
tions were in favor of Henry Clay for President, as 
the champion of the American system and able advo- 
cate of protection to manufacturers. 

The Jackson Democratic meeting was held on the 
25th, William Smyth, president; Jacob Kryder and 
Joseph Gilliland, vice-presidents ; Andrew Gregg and 
John Shaffer, secretary ; committee to prepare an 
address, John Bigler, William Kerr, Charles Wilson, 
George Hubler, John Thompson, David Cook, John 
C. Conser, Samuel McKisson, and James McKibben. 
June 23d, the friends of Gen. Jackson held a meet- 
ing to make arrangements for celebrating the Fourth 
of July; Dr. C. Curtin, chairman; C. B. Callahan, 
secretary. On the committee were Bond Valentine, 
W. W. Potter, James Macmanus, J. M. Petrikin, R. 
C. Hale, Joseph Musser, J. M. Benner, William 
Ward, Isaac Miller, Charles McBride. 

The young men also held a meeting, William 
Bigler, chairman, and R. C. Boileau, secretary, and 
resolved to celebrate the Fourth. The committee of 
arrangements consisted of P. A. Smith, J. L. Miles, 
C. C. Hemphill, H. Kinuear, G. W. Curtis, D. W. 
Rankin, J. Blakely, Robert Beatty, and William 
Bigler, which met at Robert McConnell's house, and 
resolved that we will use no ardent spirits on this 
occasion; that Philip H. Smith, William Brattin, 
and J. Blakely be a committee to prepare toasts. 
Philip A. Smith delivered the oration, which was 
printed, and was a very sensible address. Fifty years 
are gone (1882), and none of the names above are 
now familiar to residents of Bellefonte or of Centre 

Judge Burnside (perhaps not being able to get up 
an opposition celebration) took his seat as president 
of a meeting of the temperance society in the court- 
house. Prayer was made by Mr. Linn, the Declara- 
tion of Independence read by James Crawford, and 
an address made by John Blanchard, Esq., on the 
evils of intemperance. Mr. Potter spoke in favor of 
the Colonization Society. A collection of forty dol- 



lars was raised for it, and then Judge Biirnside read 
Wasliington's Farewell Address. 

The people of Lamar and Bald Eagle assembled at 
a grove on the banks of Fishing Creek ; Nathaniel 
Holcomb, president ; Dr. Noah F. Essig and George 
Hosty, vice-presidents ; Capt. S. H. Wilson and A. 
H. Best, secretaries. Dinner was prepared by James 
Brown, the Declaration read by Capt. S. H. Wilson, 
toasts given by H. H. Kinne, " Internal Improve- 
ments;" S. Harvey, "Henry Clay and the Constitu- 
tion;" Dr. B. J. Berry, "The American System;" 
G. Furst, "The Signers of the Declaration;" John 
S. Furst, " Henry Clay ;" S. Calderwood, " Andrew 
Jackson." The following by W. H. Robinson prob- 
ably indicates the first abofitionist in that neighbor- 
hood : 

" May the time soon come when the swarthy sons 
of Africa shall 'be as free as the white population of 
the United States, and slavery no longer stain the 
annals of our history." 

On the 10th of July, 1832, Gen. Jackson vetoed 
the bill for the renewal of the charter of the United 
States Bank. This news reached Bellefonte July 1-lth, 
and alienated some of his warmest friends as will be 
seen in their change of politics, and also made new 
ones. This explanation is necessary to refute tlie 
charge of inconsistency or otherwise apparent fickle- 
ness of some of our leading men. The Scotch-Irish 
settlers were thinking men, had opinions, believed in 
doctrines, and regarded principles more than men. 

On the 4th of August a powerful address to the 
people of Centre County deprecating tlie course of 
President Jackson in vetoing the Bank Bill was is- 
sued, signed by John Blanchard, Anthony W. Myers, 
John Forster, Hugh White, Robert Lipton, Thomas 
Mitchell, Joseph Green, John Potter, and Philip 
Musser, Sr. It ended, " You can never support a man 
for the highest oflice in the nation who is determined 
to destroy an institution that has conferred such last- 
ing benefits on our country." 

Gen. Philip Benner died at Rock Works on the 
27th of July. An able obituary notice of him, written 
by John Bigler, appears in the Centre Count}/ Demo- 
crat of Aug. 4, 1832, the material portions of which 
will be found in the biographical sketch of Gen. 
Benner. Mr. Bigler says, "To every public work 
he was a liberal contributor. As an elector on two 
several occasions he represented in part the people of 
Pennsylvania in the Electoral College, and at all 
times expressed his high gratification in recording his 
vote for our venerable President, claiming him as a 
fellow-laborer and a co-patriot in the Revolutionary 
war. As a father he was remarkable for his kindness 
and indulgence to his children. As a friend he was 
unshaken in his attachments; his house was the seat 
of hospitality and kindness. Few men have descended 
to the grave whose loss will be so extensively felt and 
deplored. Gen. Benner established this pa|)er in 1827 
for the avowed purpose of supporting the election of 

our present worthy Chief Magistrate, and owned it 
up to November last, when it was purchased by the 
writer of this humble tribute of respect to his memory, 
and he can truly say that death has deprived him of 
an ardent and sincere friend." 

August 18th, Mr. Bigler states the Bellefonte Patriot 
has been purchased by the opponents of Andrew 
Jackson, and will henceforth support Henry Clay 
for the Presidency. " At this crisis, when press after 
press is purchased or subsidized by the enemies of the 
people and Andrew Jackson, I deem it a duty I owe 
to my Jackson friends explicitly to state that the 
Democrat will pursue the even tenor of its way as 
heretofore, supporting Democratic men and measures, 
unawed by any influence, and uncontrolled by pecu- 
niary considerations. The contest seems to have re- 
solved itself into the simple question whether the 
United States Bank or the people shall elect the 
President. I have steadily supported Andrew Jack- 
son since 1824, and have seen no cause to regret my 
course, etc." 

The Anti-Masonic Convention, which had met at 
Harrisburg on the 22d of February, nominated Wil- 
liam Wirt for President and Amos Ellmaker, of Lan- 
caster, for Vice-President. The National Republicans 
reassembled at Harrisburg on the 15th of October, 
and adopted the Anti-Masonic electoral ticket, with- 
drawing the names of Henry Clay and John Sergeant, 
and advised the support of the Wirt electoral ticket 
in order to confine all elements of opposition to the 
re-election of President Jackson. 

As early as January, 1832, attention was called to 
improving the navigation of Bald Eagle Creek by a 
public meeting, of which Hamilton Humes was pres- 
ident, and Joseph Miles, Esq., secretary. A com- 
mittee consisting of Hon. Thomas Burnside, W. H. 
Thomas, John Rankin, and others were appointed to 
secure an act of incorporation for that purpose with 
banking privileges. 

There were still living in 1882 in Centre County 
the following Revolutionary soldiers who were pen- 
sioned under the act of March 4, 1831 : Lawrence 
Bathurst, David Barr, Jacob Duck, John Elder, 
Ludwig Friedley, Henry Groninger, Richard Gon- 
salus, Jacob Kehl, William Kelley, of Half-Moon, 
now Huston, Daniel Livingston, David Lamb, John 
F. Ream, Evan Russell, Adam Sunday (in the Loop), 
Gideon Smith, Valentine Stober, Philip Wernsz, 
Daniel Waggoner; also the following Revolutionary 
soldiers who were not in the pension-list : Philip 
Barnhart, John Brisbin, Henry Dale, William Hin- 
ton, Andrew Jack, Samuel Jones, John Marsden, 
George Minick, William Patton, James Watt. 

In October an encampment was held near Belle- 
fonte by the following companies: The Huntingdon 
Infantry, Capt. William Williams ; Penn's Creek 
Rangers, Capt. George Michael : Lamar Infantry, 
Capt. John Smyth ; Centre Guards, Capt. E. Wil- 
liams ; Huntingdon Light Dragoons, Capt. Ores- 



well ; Penn's Valley Troop, Capt. George Buchanan ; 
and Centre Troop, Capt. 8. H. Wilson, Roland Cur- 
tin, Jr., orderly sergeant, continuing three days. Maj.- 
Gen. Irvin and Brig.-Gen. George McCulloch re- 
viewed the troops. 

The Democratic Jackson Committee of Corres- 
pondence in 1.S32 consisted of William W. Potter, 
Esq., William Ward, John Schaefter, Anthony Kleck- 
ner, Jacob Kryder, Philip B. Musser, Joseph Gilli- 
land, Daniel O'Bryan, John Bell, Robert Glenn, 
Samuel Lipton, William Gardner, John Smith, 
George Leidy, and John Emerick. The Jackson 
ticket had upon it Joseph Henderson for Congress ; 
Assembly, Bond Valentine and Henry Barnhart; 
Commissioner, John Hosterman ; Auditor, Andrew 
Gregg, Jr. 


lioggi 00' 116 

















































Vote Fon 



2S 20 2:i5: 32 
30| 30' 18.'! 31 
501 64 204 39 


87; lOi 851 67 

39: 22 40 40, 20 20 39 21 

Henderson's majority in the congressional district 
of Centre, Huntingdon, and Mifflin was 481, — Centre 
electing him. 

On the 2d of November the Presidential election 
took place. Gen. Jackson received 1961 votes, and 
William Wirt 725 in Centre County; Jackson's ma- 
jority, 1236. Miles township gave the highest relative 
vote, casting 170 for Jackson, 9 for Wirt. Jackson's 
majority in the State, 24,267. 

The victory was celebrated by a grand supper at the 
hotel of Joseph Musser, in Bellefonte, on Wednesday 
evening, November 28th, John G. Lowrey, Esq., pre- 
siding; Col. William McKibben, of Lamar, and Col. 
William Smyth, of Walker, vice-presidents; William 
Richards, of Bald Eagle, and Samuel Pettit, of Belle- 
fonte, secretaries. John Bigler, editor of the Centre 
Democrat (and afterwards Governor of California), 
read the toasts. Of those offering toasts, Hon. James 
Macmanus (1882) is the sole survivor. His was, 
"The resolutions of the Virginia and Kentucky Le- 
gislature in 1798, as penned by the venerated Jeffer- 

son : Theycontainthe true principles of Democracy, — 
State Rights and the rights of States." 

A commentary on this toast inopportunely soon 
followed, as the nc.\t issue of the Demoi-ral announces 
the passage of nullification resolutions by the Legis- 
lature of South Carolina, which Mr. Bigler in an able 
article deplores and denounces. 

November 12th, occurred the burning of Mr. Eck- 
hard's dwelling at Irvin's Forge (now Linn & Mc- 
Coy's), in which two of his children perished in the 



Jan. 7, 1833, a temperance society was formed at 
Mill Hall school-house, with Hugh White as presi- 
dent, and David Black, secretary, auxiliary 
to the Centre County Society. At January 1833. 
term of court (29th) a large meeting was held 
in the court-house to sustain the President and to 
approve of his proclamation against nullification. 
Col. William Smyth presided, with James Duncan 
and Philip Walker as vice-presidents, Andrew Gregg, 
Jr., and James Patton, secretaries. W. W. Potter, 
Esq., John Bigler, Jacob Kryder, William Carner, 
George Herring, George Leidy, and George Shene- 
berger, who were a committee on resolutions, re- 
ported, denouncing the ordinance of South Carolina 
as revolutionary, and approving the sjiirit and tone 
of the President's proclamation. 

On the evening of the 30th, a large meeting was 
held favorable to connecting Bald Eagle Creek navi- 
gation with the West Branch Division of the Penn- 
sylvania Canal. Hon. Thomas Burnside, George 
Bressler, John Blanchard, Gen. James Irvin, Jacob 
Kryder, W. W. Potter, and John Riinkin were ap- 
pointed a committee to confer with the canal com- 
missioners on the subject. 

February 2d, occurred the burning of Mr. Brown's 
house, near Curtin's works, in Boggs township, with 
two small children. In February the Centre Troop 
held a meeting at James Smith's tavern, in Mill Hall, 
Dr. Constans Curtin presiding, David Allison, secre- 
tary. A committee consisting of Capt. Samuel H. 
Wilson, William Richards, John Devling, Bart. Har- 
vey, H. Smith, M. B. Hammond, R. Dougherty, B. 
Fredericks, William Smyth, Thomas McGhoe, George 
Brown, Daniel Richards, and David Herr reported 
Union resolutions sustaining the President, and 
offering him their support and services. 

Lamar and Bald Eagle townships also held a Union 
meeting at Mill Hall, over which James Carskadden 
presided, Thomas A. Smith, vice-president, and Baker 
Longcake, secretary, which passed strong Union reso- 



February 25th, the Potter Township Temperance 
Society was formed; Robert S. Watson, president; 
Robert Pennington and Samuel Davis, vice-presi- 
dents ; William McCloskey, secretary. Joseph Gilli- 
land, Henry Boozer, John teller, Jr., and William 
McCloskey were appointed a board of managers. 

February 26th, the Boalsburg Temperance Society 
held its iirst annual meeting. George Sheneberger was 
elected president; Jacob Bergstresser, vice-president; 
George Jack, recording secretary ; Gen. S. M. Green 
corresponding secretary ; George Boal, Dr. T. Z. Cov- 
erly, William McKee, John Sankey, and Robert M. 
Huey, managers. 

The Union Temperance Society of Boggs township 
was formed in February, 1833, with James Alexander 
as secretary. 

Ferguson township had also its regular society. 

Monday night, March 11th, occurred the fire which 
destroyed Valentine & Thomas' nail-factories, near 

March 20th, Patton Township Temperance Society 
was formed ; William Henderson, president; Edward 
Miles, secretary. 

The Centre County Temperance Society in the 
spring of 1833 was a very formidable organization, 
with Hon. Thomas Burnside as president; James 
Duncan andCharles Carpenter, vice-presidents; James 
Gilliland, secretary. From the reports made to the 
county society we gather that the Spruce Creek So- 
ciety had 39 members ; Potter township, 27 ; Gregg, 
83; Howard, 50; Bald Eagle, 27; Walker had 100 
members; Bellefonte and Spring, 37; Patton, 11; 
Ferguson, 39; Boalsburg, 30 ; Boggs, 127; being an 
aggregate of 650 pledged members in the county. 

In the early part of May occurred a very high 
freshet in Bald Eagle. Spring Creek was never 
known to be so high. William Brindle, Esq., long a 
resident of Bellefonte, was drowned in his mill-dam, 
near Muncy, with one of his employes, while endeav- 
oring to prevent his lumber going out. 

On the 16th of May a colored woman, who had 
lived in Bellefonte for over six years, married, and, 
having several children, was remanded into slavery 
by the court in Bellefonte. 

On the 1st of June another flood occurred, the 
fulling-mill of McGhee's heirs, on Cedar Run, was 
entirely destroyed. Hoy's mill was very much in- 
jured, and Judge McKinney's saw-mill, half a mile 
below, demolished and swept away. Spring Creek 
never was so high since 1810. 

The Fourth of July was enthusiastically celebrated 
by the " Bellefonte Grays." At 10 o'clock they marched 
to the court-house and listened to an address upon 
temperance by Rev. James Linn, and at 2 p.m. par- 
took of a dinner prepared by William Armor. The 
young men of the town celebrated the day by a 
dinner at Morrison's Hotel. The Boalsburg Temper- 
ance Society also celebrated this day by addresses at 
the school-house, whence they marched to the spring 

on John Keller's farm, and partook of a dinner pre- 
pared by Mrs. Culbertson. The Lick Run Society 
and Sabbath-schools met at James Sterritt's and 
marched to the church, where Dr. E. L. Walker de- 
livered an oration, and Rev. D. McKinney made an 
address. Over four hundred people then sat down to 
a dinner prepared by the committee of arrangements. 
William Smyth presided, William Wilson acting as 
secretary, and many volunteer toasts were offered. 

The Methodist camp-meeting was held this year, 
commencing on the 9th of August, on Bernard Wag- 
oner's farm, in Potter township. 

Dennis McCae, of Milesburg, was killed by light- 
ning, July 24th. He was standing under a tree near 
his house. 

The United Brethren people held their camp-meet- 
ing near Martin Houser's, August 23d. 

The fertility of Penn's valley farms is evidenced by 
the fact that Peter Homans raised fifty-two bushels and 
one peck of wheat off one acre this summer. 

The Democratic county standing committee was 
composed as follows : W. W. Potter, Jacob Kryder, 
William Kerr, John Thompson, John Shaeffer, John 
McCalmont, Jacob Best, Charles Carpenter, and John 
Bigler. The convention met on the 27th of August; 
James Potter, president ; Capt. George Boal and John 
W. Miles, secretaries. Bond Valentine, Esq., declined 
a renomination for Assembly. Henry Barnhart and 
William Ward were put in nomination for Assembly ; 
William Smyth for county commissioner. 

In August, William Broom, in the employ of Val- 
entine & Thomas, was killed in the Seven Mountains 
in consequence of his team going over a precipice. 
He had two and a half tons of iron on his wagon, 
and while endeavoring to lock his wagon the bank 
gave way and he fell, the iron falling on him. 

At the election in October, Henrj' Barnhart er- 
ceived 1280 votes in Centre County, and 208 in Clear- 
field; Alexander Irvin, 1195 in Centre, and 699 in 
Clearfield. Ward's vote in Centre was 1239, in Clear- 
field 36. George Leidy, George Taylor, George Eil- 
ert, Josiah Delong, John Letterman, William Guth- 
rie, Samuel Ream, John Ligget, Sr., and A. W. Myers 
were candidates for sheriff". Leidy's vote was 987, 
Taylor's 671, Eilert's 530, Delong's 250, etc. 

The encampment was held this year October 18th, 
at Lewistown. The Centre Guards and Bellefonte 
Grays participated. Officers of Centre Guards: John 
Armor, captain ; S. Miles, first lieutenant ; William 
Riddle, second lieutenant. Bellefonte Grays: C. B. 
Callahan, captain; R. C. Hale, first lieutenant; J. 
R. Dopp, second lieutenant; John Bigler, orderly 

In November, Dr. C. B. Welch, of Bellefonte, was 
appointed assistant surgeon in the United States 
army, and stationed at Fort Smith, in Arkansas Ter- 

Saturday, November 16th, a record was made of 
work done by John Stanley, John Holt, and H. Hite 



at a single fire at Green & Irvin's forge (now McCoy 
& Linn) during the week. They made six tons and 
one hundredweiglit, and quit work between one and 
two o'clock on Saturday. 

The niainmoth radish of the year was raised by 
John Yargcr, in Walker township. Length, thir- 
teen and one-half inches; circumference, twenty- 
three inches; weight, ten and three-fourths pounds. 

On Wednesday morning, November 13th, about five 
o'clock, occurred the " rain of fire," or phenomenon of 
"shooting stars." The most brilliant corruscations 
spread over every quarter of the heavens. From the 
zenith to the horizon all was bespangled with shoot- 
ing stars or meteors. The phenomenon was attended 
at first with a crepitating or hurtling sound, which 
ceased at the approach of dawn, and the spectacle 
exhibited its splendors in silence. People imagined 
their houses on fire, and rushed out only to behold 
the heavens sprinkled with glories, — thousands of 
shooting stars going in a northwest direction, leaving 
brilliant tracks behind. There is a record of a simi- 
lar phenomenon having taken place on the 12th of 
November, 1799. 

President Jackson having determined to remove 
the government deposits from the United States 
Bank, and the Secretary of the Treasury, 
1834. William J. Duane, refusing to do so without 
the intervention of Congress, the President 
removed him on the 23d of September, 1833, and 
appointed Roger B. Taney in his room, and on the 
1st of October the deposits were removed and placed 
in certain selected banks in different parts of the 
country. Great commercial excitement and distress 
ensued upon the course adopted by the President; 
the business of the country was interrupted, and a 
complete and terrible panic followed. 

In Centre County, the Centre Couniij Democrat, 
edited by Hon. S. S. Shugert, in many able articles 
sustained the course of the President, while the 
Bellefonte Patriot, edited by Joshua T. McCracken, 
opposed " the usurpations of the executive govern- 
ment," to use its own language. On account of the 
number of able men who represented the business 
interests of Centre County at that time, all political 
questions were di.scussed at public meetings, and the 
sentiment of this community was regarded with great 
respect in other sections of the State. 

A call for a meeting of the Democratic citizens of 
the county favorable to the Rational and State ad- 
ministrations, to be held on the 26th of March, was 
headed by the venerable Andrew Gregg, and signed 
by upwards of six hundred citizens. The most nu- 
merous meeting ever held in the county convened on 
that evening at the court-house in Bellefonte. Col. 
Wm. Smyth presided; Jacob JCryder, John G. Low- 
rev, Joseph Gilliland, Andrew Hunter, vice-presi- 
dents ; James M. Petrikin and John Thompson, sec- 
retaries. The venerable Andrew Gregg addressed 
the meeting, recurring to olden times, and noticing 

briefly the most prominent mea.sures of every Presi- 
dent of the United State.*). 

The committee upon resolution.s were Hon. A. 
Gregg, John Rankin, John McCalmont, George 
Leidy, John Sliaeffer, W. W. Potter, Esq., James Gil- 
liland, Henry Vandyke, William Swanzey, Jos. B. 
Shugert, James Alexander, John Bell, John Big- 
ler, Jacob Baker, James Sterrett, and John Hoste- 

The resolutions reported by them deprecate the 
idea that the simple act of removing eight millions 
of deposits from one bank to several could cause the 
stagnation of trade and the destruction of confidence 
existing in the community, and attribute the dire 
results to the clamors raised by the LTnited States 
Bank, the protracted debates in Congress, and the 
abolition of credits on duties, and the course pursued 
by the bank in the curtailment of her discounts, and 
reassert confidence in the Kentucky and Virginia 
resolution of 1798-99 as sure and safe guards in the 
administration of government. Andrew Gregg, Sr., 
James Macmanus, and Reuben C. Hale, Esqs., were 
appointed a committee to transmit the resolutions to 
the representative in Congress and United States 

The opponents of the President's course held their 
meeting on the 25th of March (Tuesday), Josepli 
Miles, chairman ; Robert Hays, of Bellefonte, John 
Forster, of Haines, J. M. Benner, of Sjiring, J. D. 
Petrikin, of Gregg, vice-presidents ; Josejih F. Quay, 
of Lamar, and Samuel J. Green, of Boggs, secretaries. 
Animated addresses were delivered by Hon. Thomas 
Burnside and John Blanchanl, E~q., and the com- 
mittee upon resolutions were Thomas Burnside, John 
Blanchard, James McMasters, of Boggs, Hugh White, 
Bald Eagle; Francis Nixon, Walker; Wm. McMinn, 
Potter; John Mitchell, Ferguson; S. W. Leidy, 
Haines; Hugh McFaddin, Bald Eagle; James Brown, 
Lamar; Wm. G. Williams, Spring; George Boal, 
Gregg; Thomas Huston, Potter ; Frederick Friedley, 
Logan; David L Pruner, Bellefonte. Tlie resolutions 
deprecated the removal of the deposits as the great 
cause of the universal distress, recommended the ex- 
tension of the charter of the United States Bank, and 
approved of a convention to be held at Harrisburgon 
the 22d of May, and appointed as delegates thereto 
W. W. Houston, James Irvin, and Thomas Burn- 

Hon. Joseph Henderson presented the proceedings 
of both meetings in the House of Representatives, 
stating that the name of Hon. A. Gregg alone in his 
own State would command for the proceedings of the 
one meeting a respectful attention, and though he 
differed from sentiments contained in the proceed- 
ings of the other meeting, he would bear testimony 
to the high respectability of those whose names were 
attached to the proceedings, some of whom were too 
well known to require indorsement. 

Some of the names of the foregoing persons who 



were prominent in these meetings will afterwards be 
found connected with the Democratic and Whig par- 
ties, without reference to this apple of discord, but 
the fact nevertheless remains that the adherents of 
the United States Bank are styled " Whigs" by Mr. 
Shugert in theZ)e»iocrai! of July, 1834, and although 
the elections of 1834 showed that Gen. Jackson's 
course was largely popular with the mass of the 
people, there was no little dissatisfaction, and an op- 
position was organized under the name of " Whigs," 
determined to effect a change in the administration 
of public affairs. 

In Centre County the vote for Dr. Joseph Hender- 
son, Jackson candidate for Congress, was 1638; for 
James Milliken, opposition, 852. 

The inconveniences of travel in 1834 will appear 
by statement of schedule of Colders & Wilson, mail 
contractors. Passengers left Bellefonte at ten o'clock 
in the evening, traveling all night over the Seven 
Mountains, reached Lewistown at seven o'clock in 
the morning, where they remained until twelve 
o'clock, waiting the Huntingdon stage. 

Educational— 1834. — The following history of the 
adoption of the common school system has been fur- 
nished by Prof. Henry Meyer, of Eebersburg : 

Adoption of the Common School System. — 
The common school system was created by the law 
of 1834 and 1885. The frightful number of children 
growing up in ignorance led lo legislation on this 
subject. It was ascertained that out of about four 
hundred thousand children of the State only twenty 
thousand found their way to schools, such as they 
were. In this county the system was accepted when 
submitted to the people. No active efforts in the di- 
rection of free schools were made prior to the passage 
of the law of 1834 and 1835, but the consummation of 
this act was the signal for numerous men of generous 
hearts and comprehensive minds to rally round the 
banner of intelligence, and contend valiantly in the 
fierce struggle that followed for the adoption of the 
free school system. In general, the poor were in 
favor of tlie schools; the rich, who would have to 
bear the burden of heavy taxes, voted against them. 
Yet it would be injustice to the latter class not to 
state that there were noble exceptions, who did not 
"harbor the groveling fallacies that gold was prefer- 
able to knowledge, and that dollars and cents were of 
a higher estimation than learning." The first active 
measure required to jjut the schools into operation 
under the law of 1834 was an election of delegates in 
the several townships and boroughs of the county, 
who met in convention at the county-seat with th& 
county commissioners to deliberate on the question of 
acceptance of the free school system and rate of tax- 
ation for the support of the schools. But the action 
of the convention was not final, for the question was 
subsequently submitted to a vote of the citizens of 
the county. The following copy of the minutes of 
this convention, transcribed from the commissioners' 

journal, will show what action was taken by that 
body : 

" Beilefonte, Pa., Nov. 4, 1834. 

"Met agreeaWy to adjournment in conjunction with the delegates 
chosen according to the 3d Section of the Act of Aasembly entitled aa 
Act to Establish a General System of Edncation by Common Schools. 
The meeting was organized by appointing Rev. David McKinney, Presi- 
dent, and Dr. Curtin, Secretary. Tlie following-named delegates al*- 
peared from their respective districts, and upon the question, fjhall an 
apiiropriation be made for the support of common scliools? voted jis fol- 
lows : 

"Yeas— Dr. C. Curtin, Bellefonte; Thomas Watson, Boggs; George 
Bonl, Ferguson ;Samnel Cowperthwaite, Howard ; .Jolin Shields, Lamar; 
John Adams, Pat ton ; A R. Waite, Rush; William I'urcy, Spring; 
David McKinney, Waiker,— 9. 

"Nays— Daniel Kliue, Gregg; Robert Elder, Half-Moon; George 
Hubler, Haines; Paul Frantz, I.ogan ; Dr. Samuel Strohcclier, Miles; 
David Love, Potter,— li. 

" Bald Eagle sent no delegates. 

" A tax for the support of the schools was fixed at one and one-half 

A similar meeting convened at Bellefonte, May 4, 

1835, and the vote on appropriation resulted 

as follows: ^835. 

Yeas — John Harris, Bellefonte ; Samuel Hayes, 
Bald Eagle; John Mitchell, Ferguson; H. Y'arnel, 
Boggs ; James B. Moore, Lamar ; James Laurimore, 
Spring. Howard, Patton, AValker, and Rush Districts 
sent no delegates, but were to be considered the sam'e 
as the year before, — 10. 

Nays — George Hubler, Haines; John Walker, 
Miles; David Love, Potter. Gregg, Half-Moon, and 
Logan Districts sent no delegates, and were counted 
the same as the previous year, — 6. 

The tax was again fixed at one and one-half mills. 
It was decided that the district elections should be 
held May 23, 1835. 

The last convention of this kind was held May 2, 

1836, of which Gen. Joseph Miles was president, and 
John M. Rankin, secretary. 

The vote resulted as follows: 

Y'eas — Joseph Miles, Boggs; Hugh Mcradden,Bald 
Eagle ; J. M. Rankin, Ferguson ; George Boal, Harris ; 
James B. Shugart, Half-Moon ; Samuel Cowperth- 
waite, Howard; James B. Moore, Lamar; John Neff, 
Potter ; Silas B. Turner, Patton ; Henry Vandyke, 
Spring ; J. M. McCalmont, Walker. From Bellefonte 
borough and Rush township no delegates, — 13. 

Nays — Philip Wolfort, Miles; no delegates from 
Haines, Logan, and Gregg Districts, — 4. 

The delegates agreed on a tax of three mills, and 
appointed May 21, 1836, for the district meetings. 

It will be seen that the commissioners did not vote 
at any of these joint conventions. 

The common schools went into operation in the 
following districts in 1835 : Bellefonte, Boggs, Bald 
Eagle, Ferguson, Howard, Patton, Rush, Si)ring. 
Walker, and Lamar. Patton and Half-Moon ac- 
cepted in 1836. Logan became a part of Clinton 
County in 1839, and continued its struggle against the 
schools. Miles accepted in 1838, voted " no schools" 
by 116 against 87 in 1840, and adopted the system 
permanently in 1843. The vote of Haines iu 1838 



was 114 for and 1G8 against schools; in 1839, 33 for, 
187 against; in 1840, 62 for, 203 against; in 1841, 13 
for, 164 against. The schools went into operation 
finally in the fall of 1849, and the district forfeited 
over $4500 State approi)riation that had accumulated 
from year to year. Penn District, which was erected 
out of Gregg and Haines in 1845, accepted in 1847. 
Gregg accepted the system in 1838, as appears from a 
record of an election held March 16, 1838, showing 
that 102 votes were cast in favor and 100 against. 
Yet for the school year ending 1839 the township 
received from the county the sum of $88.77 for the 
education of poor children, and the free schools did 
not go into operation, probably, until the fall of 1839, 
and then only temporarily, for in 1840 the .system was 
again rejected by a majority of 82, out of a total of 282 
votes. The schools went into operation permanently 
in 1846. 



February 28th, Miller Horton and Henry F. 
Tamauy purchased, at a sale by order of Congress, 
the horse named Abder Hamon, presented by 
1835. the Emperor of Morocco to Gen. Jackson, 
President, and brought to New York in the 
brig "William Tell" from Tangier in November, 1834. 
He was kept in Bellefoute during the summer of 1836. 
He was a jet black, witli hazel eyes, fifteen hands 
high, of pure Arabian blond, of docile disposition, 
and remarkable for great attachment to his keeper or 
any small animal permitted to remain in his stable. 

September 11th, a great crowd gathered in Belle- 
fonte to the letting of the lower division of the Bald 
Eagle and Spring Creek Navigation Company Canal. 
The Howard dam was allotted to Joseph Harris, the 
Marsh Creek dam to Iddings, Moore & Malone, and 
the Beech Creek dam to Plerring & Morehead ; locks 
21 and 27 to George S. Armstrong; section 22 to Saul 
& Hugh McCorniick; section 24 to Irving, Herring 
& Tomb, etc. 

In 1835 occurred the division of the Democratic 
party between the adherents of Governor Wolf and 
Henry A. Muhlenberg, which resulted in the election 
of Joseph Ritner. The regular Democratic ticket in 
Centre was headed by George Wolf for Governor ; 
William F. Packer, of Lycoming, for senator; John 
Hasson, of Centre, and D.ivid Ferguson, of Clear- 
field, for Assembly ; Philip B. Musser for commis- 
sioner; Joseph D. Shugert for auditor. 

The ticket at the mast-head of the Bellefonte Patriot 
and Farmers' Journal, now printed and published by 
J. T. McCracken, was for Governor, Joseph Ritner; 
for Senator, Alexander Irvin, of Clearfield ; for As- 
sembly, George Buchanan, of Gregg ; for Commis- 

sioner, David Dale, of Harris ; Auditor, Gen. James 
Irvin, of Bogg.s. A reform meeting was held in Miles 
township at Philip Reitzell's,— Philip Wolfart, chair- 
man ; Samuel Plockenbury, secretary, — which pa-s-sed 
resolutions favorable to Joseph Ritner's election. 

The vote in Centre for Packer for senator was 1618; 
for Irvin, 1589. Lycoming beat her own candidate, 
W. F. Packer receiving only 1455 votes to 1773 for 

At the October election the vote in Centre County 
for a Constitutional Convention was 530, against 2341. 
The conservative German counties of the middle and 
southern portion of the State voted against a con- 
vention without regard to party, while the northern 
counties, including Clearfield and Lycoming, and the 
counties west of the Allegheny Jlountains voted for 
it by large majorities. 

Iron-Works in Operation in 1836.— Hannah 
Furnace, owned by George McCuUoch and T. Mc- 
Namara; Martha Furnace, owned by Roland 
Curtin; Julian, owned by John Adams; Ceu- 1836. 
tre Furnace and Milesburg Forges and Rol- 
ling-mill, owned by John Irvin, Gen. James Irvin; 
Eagle Furnace, F'orge, and Rolling-mill, owned by 
Roland Curtin ; Logan Furnace, Forges, Rolling-mill, 
and Nail-factory, owned by Valentines & Thomas; 
Rock Furnace, Forge, etc., owned by Gen. Benner's 
heirs; Hecla Furnace, run by John Mitchell, W. W. 
Miles, and G. S. Armstrong (this firm was dissolved 
March 14, 1837) ; Howard Furnaces, owned by Joseph 
Harris & Co. ; Washington Furnace and Forge, owned 
by A. Henderson ; Mill Hall Furnace, owned by John 
Mitchell & Co. The two latter are now, 1882, in Clin- 
ton County. The annual production of these works 
was about twelve thousand tons of pig-metal, four 
thousand five hundred tons of blooms, and two thou- 
sand five hundred tons of bar-iron and nails. 

The Democratic Anti-Masonic committee of cor- 
respondence this year was Dr. John Harris, Joliu 
Adams, Philip Reitzell, William Smyth, John Camp- 
bell, and Joshua T. McCracken. In April, Hamilton 
Humes, of Bellefonte, was appointed ajipraiser of 
canal damages by Governor Ritner. The Demo- 
cratic Anti-Masonic meeting, held April 27tli, was pre- 
sided over by William McMinn ; Benjamin Everhart, 
John Baker, John Adams, and Samuel Harris, vice- 
presidents; Robert Whiteliill and J. T. McCracken, 
secretaries; the Committee on Resolutions, James T. 
Hale, John Stanley, John Forster, Robert Hays, 
David Adams, William Marshall, William Shaw, 
John Boreland, Richard Riter, who reported resolu- 
tions favorable to the election of Gen. Harrison, and 
appointed the following delegates to the 19th of May 
convention, to be held at Harrisburg: John D. Pet- 
rikin, F. D. Whitehill, Ira Grossman, C. Colfelt, E. 
C. Humes, Dr. William Irvin, George W. Johnson, 
James T. Hale, and James Johnson. 

The Fourth of July was celebrated this year by the 
Bellefonte Grays by a dinner at Robert Furey's hotel. 



The Grays were Democratic, as appears by their 
toasts. Judge Burnside presided, with W. W. Potter 
and John Rankin, Esq., as vice-presidents; H. N. 
McAllister read the Declaration ; Judge Burnside 
was toasted by Capt. C. B. Callahan, " for his untiring 
efforts for the Bald Eagle and Spring Creek Canal ;" 
John B. Wagner, however, toasted William H. Har- 
rison as worthy the highest office within the people's 
gift; C. Reese gave for Martin Van Buren, "May 
every true Democrat go to the polls without fear or 
doubt;" S. T. Shugert's toast was, "The beauties of 
anti-Masonry, — a British bank chartered and a British 
poll-tax enacted, the rights of the people sold, the 
Constitution violated, and one thousand six hundred 
and forty-eight citizens of Centre County disfran- 

The Democratic (Masonic ticket) had this fall for 
its candidates, W. W. Potter for Congres.'? ; John 
Hasson for Assembly ; Commissioner, Col. Andrew 
Gregg; Auditor, John T. Hoover; Coroner, Samuel 
McKee ; Senatorial Delegate to the Constitutional 
Convention, John G. Lowrey. 

August 31st, James Parker, of Howard township, 
aged twenty-five years, was caught in the machinery 
of Howard Furnace and crushed to death. He 
passed around the crank, pressed between it and the 
head-block, through a space of about eight inches. 

Political. — In the Constitutional Convention which 
assembled at Harrisburg on the 2d of May, Robert 
Fleming, Esq., of Williamport, represented 
1837. the senatorial district composed of the coun- 
ties of Lycoming, Centre, and Northumber- 
land. William Smyth was the representative dele- 
gate for Centre, and Thomas Hastings, formerly 
hotel-keeper at Bellefonte and member of Assembly 
from Centre, represented Jefferson, Warren, and 
McKean, he having removed to Brookville. 

In April, J. F. McCracken left Bellefonte, but the 
Patriot shortly after resumed publication under W. 
A. Kinsloe, editor and proprietor, advocating the elec- 
tion of Gen. Harrison for President. 

In June, 1837, the price of wheat in Bellefonte was 
from $1.75 to SI. 80 ; depreciation of currency had its 
effect. This was also the era of shin-plaster (as it 
was called) currency, the county being flooded with 
them, although their issue was in direct violation of 
the act of April 12, 1828. 

An anti-bank meeting was held at Bellefonte June 
21st; John Hasson, Esq., president: James Bothrock 
and P. B. Musser, vice-presidents ; Albert Ammerman 
and Thomas McKee, secretaries; and Dr. S. Stro- 
hecker, William Smyth, John T. Hoover, John 
Thompson, and S. T. Shugert were appointed dele- 
gates to the 4th of July convention at Harrisburg. 

In July occurred one of the heaviest floods known 
for many years in Bald Eagle Creek. 

August 2d, the Bellefonte Lyceum was formed. 
John Hoff"man, W. H. Kinsloe, William Alexander, 
David Whitehill, John Cooper, H. Petrikin, John 

Mitchel, J. M. Hale, J. H. Morrison, G. T. Rothrock, 
C. B. Linn, Col. James Burnside, A. G. Curtin, and 
William Harris were of the original members. Presi- 
dent, James Gilliland ; Vice-Presidents, William 
Alexander and H. H. Kennie; Recording Secretary, 
W. A. Kinsloe; Corresponding Secretary, A. G. Cur- 
tin ; Librarian, S. T. Shugert. 

The Democratic convention met on the 29th of Au- 
gust; Col. William Smyth, president; Col. James 
Burnside, secretary. Dr. Samuel Strohecker was 
nominated for Assembly, William Furey for county 
commissioner, Harry F. W. Schultz for auditor. 

The opposition, denominated by the Centre Demo- 
crat as Anti-Masonic Shin-Plaster party, held their 
meeting August 30th, Joseph Harris presiding, as- 
sisted by John Foster, Jacob Walter, David Mitchell, 
of Ferguson, and Fleming McCormick as vice-presi- 
dents; David Duncan and David Daie, secretaries. 
It was addressed by Maj. Samuel H. Griffith, John 
G. Miles, of Huntingdon, and James Merrill, Esq., 
of Union County. They did not put a ticket in the 
field, but supported William Smyth, Jr., of Walker 
township, for the Legislature. At the election in 
October, Dr. Strohecker received fourteen hundred 
and forty-one votes to five hundred and twenty-seven 
for Smyth, Bald Eagle being tlie only township which 
gave a majority against Dr. Strohecker. 

October 19th and 20th, an encampment was held at 
the Old Fort, which was attended by the Bellefonte 
Grays James Gilliland, captain ; John H. Morris and 
S. T. Shugert, lieutenants. In October, also, the Bald 
Eagle Canal was completed as far as Howard, Mr. E. 
Morris, engineer, and was duly celebrated by an ex- 
cursion in a boat from Howard ; as the boat entered 
Marsh Creek dam a rainbow made its appearance, and 
was saluted with cheers and firing of a cannon. A 
handsome dinner was provided by Mr. Morris. The 
water was let in from Howard Dam on the 7th of 

The Centre County Temperance Society held its 
annual meeting November 27th, Gen. James Irvin in 
the chair, and was addressed by Hon. John Blanch- 
,ard. - A resolution in favor of the repeal of the license 
system, and in favor of the prohibition by law of the 
manufacture and sale of ardent spirits as a drink, was 
offered by James T. Hale, Esq., duly debated and re- 
ferred for action to the auxiliary societies. 

December 23d, the largest meeting ever held in that 
portion of Centre County assembled at Mill Hall, and 
passed resolutions favoring the erection of a new 

At the delegate convention held on Jan. 25, 1838, 
Hon. Jacob Kryder presided. Dr. Samuel Strohecker 
was elected delegate to the State convention 
and instructed to support Hon. William W. 1838. 
Potter for Governor. The Democratic meet- 
ing held in the evening, presided over by John Ran- 
kin, Vice-Presidents Archy McMullin, James Louri- 
more, George McCullogh, and John Henderson, 



indorsed this action, but on the 5tli of February, Mr. 
Potter in a letter positively declined being a candidate 
for the nomination. The State Convention on the 
5th of March, Gen. Abbot Green, of Union County, 
l)residing, nominated Gen. David II. Porter, of IIiiu- 
tingdon, for Governor. 

March 2d, Archibald McClarly was committed to 
jail in Bellefonte, cliargcd with the murder of John 
Nicely, in Boggs township. He was under the influ- 
ence of liquor at the time. He was tried at April 
term, the trial occupying from Wednesday until Sat 
urday, when he was found guilty of murder in the 
second degree and sentenced to the penitentiary for 
nine years. James T. Hale and R. C. Hale con- 
ducted the prosecution, and the prisoner was defended 
by W. W. Potter, Bond Valentine, and James Burn- 
side, Esquires. 

The Democratic, Anti-Masonic, Republican party 
(as they denominated themselves at this date) of Cen- 
tre County held a county meeting April 25th. Gen. 
James Irvin presided ; Vice-Presidents, John Gray, 
Jr., John Forster, Jeremiah Rankin, John Potter, 
David Dale; Secretaries, Robert Blakely and Wil- 
liam Faith. James T. Hale, Samuel J. Green, Col. 
William JIarshall, Dr. George B. Eiigles, James Al- 
lison, Abraham High, George S. Armstrong, James 
McFarlane, Dr. John Grossman, Benjamin Williams, 
Robert Pennington, Samuel K. Patton, Col. John 
Neff, David Ligget, and David Duncan were ap- 
pointed committee upon resolutions. This conven- 
tion appointed delegates to the young men's conven- 
tion at Reading, — George Grafuis, A. G. Curtin, E. C. 
Humes, Hudson Williams, Col. W. Irvin, Philip Wol- 
fart, Daniel Beuck, William Allison, John L. Gray, 
Wells Coverly, George Reitzel, etc. 

The Patriot having been removed by Mr. Kinsloe 
to Lycoming County and transformed into the Ly- 
coming Ea;/le, Mr. S. T. Shugert, of the C'jiilre Demo- 
crat, published, as he says, " the wise sayings and 
doings of the Federalists at their meeting," some two 
columns, "drawn up iu a style creditable to the 
writer; the plausible manner in which sophistry and 
misrepresentation are made to wear the appearance 
of reality and truth proved him a finished worker in 
the school of anti-Masonic jugglery." 

The annual temperance meeting was held April 
23d, Gen. James Irvin presiding. Rev. David 
McKinncy addressed the meeting. James T. Hale, 
from the committee on petitions to the Legislature, 
reported they had prepared petitions, secured a large 
number of signers, and forwarded them to the mem- 
bers of the Legislature, who had entirely neglected 
the prayer of the petitioners. 

James Gilliland was elected president for the ensu- 
ing year, Philip B. Musser aud Robert Watsou vice- 
presidents, Rev. James Linn corresponding secretary, 
William Alexander recording secretary. The Dem- 
ocratic convention met on the 29th of August, and 
nominated William W. Potter for Congress, Samuel 

Strtdiecker for Assembly, Jacob Bollinger for county 

Saturday morning. August 2fitli, Miss Caroline 
Humes, daughter of Hamilton Humes, left her father's 
house on horseback, accompanied by another young 
lady. They had gone but a short distance, when the 
horse upon which Miss Humjcs was riding took fright, 
ran with her nearly a mile, when she was thrown from 
him against a tree, and found apparently lifeless. 
She remained insensible until about twelve o'clock on 
Sabbath, when she died. She was only twenty years 
of age. 

At the fall election the candidates of the opposition 
were Gen. James Irvin for Congress, George Reitzel 
for Assembly, John Williams for commissioner. Por- 
ter's majority over Governor Ritner in the county was 
1122; Porter over Irvin, 1182. Patton, Howard, 
Harris, and Half-JIoon gave Ritner majorities. Rush 
was a tie, 22 to 22. 

•The Free Press was started Sept. 4, 1S.S8, and was 
edited for a while by a committee, — James T. Ilalc, 
Esq., and Dr. Harris, — but in a short time Isaac B. 
Gara became editor. This paper ceased in October, 

December 4th, occurred the initiation of the Buck- 
shot war by the election of two Speakers by the rival 
parties in the House; the Ritner men, led by Thad- 
deus Stevens, electing Thomas S. Cunningham, and 
the Democrats William Hopkins. The Democracy 
of Centre County took a large interest in these |)ro- 
ceedings, and a large meeting was held at the court- 
house in Bellefonte on Friday, December 14th. Col. 
William Smyth presided ; Col. Henry Barnhart, 
John Rankin, Esq., and James Gilliland, vice-presi- 
dents; Capt. Samuel H. Wilson, James Lourimorc, 
and George W. Hutchinson, secretaries. The meet- 
ing was addressed by Henry Petrikin and H. N. Mc- 
Allister, Esq. The meeting recommended their 
Democratic friends at Harrisburg "to persevere with 
peaceable but unyielding firmness in their opposition 
to the tyranny and usurpations of Governor Ritner 
and his officers." 

The Democracy of Penn and Brush valleys also 
assembled at Aaronsburg, in the German Reformed 
Church. Hon. Jacob Kryder presided, with Michael 
Bollinger, Jacob Mover, John Shook, John Shafcr, 
John Kreamer, Adam Harper, Philip Dennis, John 
Hostcrman, Esq., John Brown, and Daniel Spyker as 
vice-presidents; George Bear, Esq., Andrew Krcmer, 
H. B. Mussina, and David Kremer, secretaries. James 
Macmanus, Esq., and J. G. Conser, Esq., addressed 
the meeting, and a committee of twenty-two was ap- 
pointed to correspond with the Committee of Safety 
at Harrisburg, " to give practical proof of our devo- 
tion to the principles we this day avow." E. 0. Ev- 
erhart was chairman of this committee. 

A meeting of Democrats of Gregg, Haines, Miles, 
and Logan was also held in the German Reformed 
Church. On the 17th of Deeeuiber the war ended 


by the appearance of Mr. Montelius, of Union County, 
and Messrs. Butler and Sturdevant, of Luzerne, in the 
House over which Mr. Hopkins was presiding. 



The election of Governor Porter was followed in 
January by the appointment of James Gilliland pro- 
thonotary, and Henry F. W. Sehultze as reg- 
1839. ister and clerk of the Orphans' Court ; James 
Macmanus, Esq., as deputy attorney-general 
for Centre County ; Joseph B. Shugert, collector at 
Lewistown. In May, Jacob Bollinger, Esq., of Haines, 
was appointed deputy .surveyor. 

The agitation in favor of a new county to be called 
" Eagle," with the county-seat at Lock Haven, was 
early renewed. The contemplated dismemberment of 
CentreCounty was earnestly opposed in Centre County. 
A public meeting was also held at Bellefonte, March 
5th, presided over by George Boal, and resolutions 
offered by Gen. George Buchanan and James Gilli- 
land, embodying the reasons for opposition to the new 

On the same day a special election was held for 
State senator, vice Alexander Irvin, resigned. Anson 
V. Parsons and Maj. G. S. Armstrong were candidates. 
Parsons' vote in Centre was eleven hundred and ninety- 
two; Armstrong's, three hundred and fifty-four. Arm- 
strong was considered the candidate of the division 
as well as of the Whig party. Senator Parsons had 
hardly gotten into his seat when the House, over Dr. 
Strohecker's exertions, passed the bill for the erection 
of Clinton County by a vote of forty-seven to twenty- 

The Democrat of March 26th, commenting on this 
action, says, ''The majority of the members of the 
House have acted without reflection, and have done 
the people of Centre County a direct and unmerited 
injury. Our territory is compact, bounded by a nat- 
ural boundary, and the only citizens remote from the 
seat of justice arc in Logan township, a few of whom 
have to travel from twenty-five to twenty-eight miles 
and are unanimous in remonstrating against it. A 
gentleman from away down east (Jeremiah Church), 
who has traveled in different parts of the United 
States laying out towns, has laid out one on the Sus- 
quehanna, and desires to enhance the value of his 
lots and nuike a speculation ; hence the project of 
clipping Centre County and enriching himself at the 
expense of her citizens." 

A county meeting was held at Bellefonte, April 23d, 
presided over by Samuel Hays, of Bald Eagle; David 
Allison and John Henderson, of Lamar, Col. An- 
thony Kleckner, of Logan, and John Eraerick, of 

Walker, Vice-Presidents ; William Smyth, Jr., and 
John Brumgard, of Lamar, secretarie's. This meeting 
adopted a strong, embodying the reasons for 
opposing the new county, and appointed a committee, 
consisting of Gen. William W. Houston, Hon. Jacob 
Kryder, Bond Valentine, Esq., and Col. Anthony 
Kleckner, to take charge of the subject. 

The annual county temperance meeting also had a 
meeting the same day. William Smyth, Jr., was 
chosen president; William C. Welch and P. B. Mus- 
ser, vice-presidents; Rev. E. Kieffer, recording secre- 
tary; Rev. James Linn, corresponding secretary. 
Rev. Mr. Linn and James T. Hale were the speakers, 
and a resolution was passed approving of Mr. Cun- 
ningham's bill in the Legislature, allowing the peo- 
ple of the different townships to vote at the annual 
election whether or not they will have taverns in their 
respective townships. 

The act erecting Clinton County was approved by 
the Governor June 21, 1839. It passed the Senate 
against Senator Parsons' utmost endeavors, all the 
opposition except Mr. Bell, of Huntingdon, voting 
for it, and the Democrats all opposing it except 
Frailey, of Schuylkill ; vote was eighteen for to nine 

The Fourth of July was celebYated this year by 
the young men, who assembled at the court-house, 
Hon. W. W. Potter presiding; John Hoffman, Esq., 
was the orator, Col. James Burnside read the Dec- 
laration of Independence, Charles B. Calahan acted 
as chief marshal. The two military com))anies were 
present by invitation. The young men then proceeded 
to J. M. Benner's hotel for dinner. The Centre Guards 
took dinner at William Armor's. From the names of 
those giving toasts we gather some of the soldiers con- 
nected with this organization: Capt. A. G. Curtin, 
Lieut. Hess, C. B. Calahan, John Dale, Robert 
McCain, John AVatson, George Ross, William Swyers, 
Samuel Lipton, J. S. Proudfoot, William Reflle, J. M. 
Hall, Samuel Dixon. 

The Bellefonte Grays took dinner at the Washing- 
ton House, provided by William D. Rankin. Capt. J. 
H. Morrison, T. C. Brew, H. N. McAllister, Samuel 
Osman, Ellis Brown, William Derr, N. Hillbish, 
and Thomas Miller among the names of those offer- 
ing toasts. 

The regular Democratic Convention met August 
27th. Col. William Smyth was elected president, 
Jacob Forney, secretary, and the following dele- 
gates appeared : Bellefonte, William W. Potter and 
William Cook ; Boggs, Samuel Lipton and S. M. 
Hall ; Ferguson, George W. Meek and J. W. 
Mytton ; Gregg, Leonard Leidy and Henry Aalt ; 
Half-Moon, Henry Adams and Frederick Getz; 
Haines, Dr. J. Forney and George Swartz ; Howard, 
James Gardner and John Rupert ; Harris, George 
Jack and Christian Dale; Miles, Andrew Shafer and 
Melchoir Poorman ; Patton, Falser Sellers and R. 
Meek ; Potter, Samuel H. Wilson and John Love ; 



Rush, Samuel Way; Spring, Dr. Jolin Purdue and 
John Furey ; Walker, Col. William Smyth and H. F. 
Shulize, Esq. Tiiis convention nominated James 
Gilliland lor prothonotary ; John Toner Cor register 
and recorder; Capt. George Boal for assembly ; Com- 
missioner, James Alexander; Coroner, Falser Sel- 
lers; Auditor, Samuel H. Wilson ; and recommended 
Col. John Hii.sson for senator. 

Their resolution claimed the senator because the 
county had supported William F. Packer for senator 
in 1835, when Lycoming had herself defeated him ; 
that Centre had yielded the Constitutional Conven- 
tion delegate and supported Maj. Robert Fleming, 
and had also supported Anson V. Parsons for senator. 
This whole ticket, with the exception of John Turner 
for register and recorder, the coroner and auditor, was 
defeated at the fall election. 

It was still the rule to make no nomination for 
sheriff, and candidates ran independently. Among 
them were John Thompson, of Half-Moon ; Thomas 
C. Young, of Harris ; George Buchanan, William A. 
Davidson, of Spring; and Jacob Anspach, of Pine 
Grove Mills. 

A cloud soon arose upon the Democratic horizon. 
Miles township assembled in mass-meeting at the 
house of Daniel Cojiser in Rebersburg. Gi;orge Bear 
was cliosen president. Christian Grandy and Wendel 
Royer, vice-presidents; George Weaver and John 
Ruhl, secretaries. A committee to draft resolutions 
was appointed: John Reynolds, Adam Shafer, Jona- 
than Royer, Michael Ziegler, Daniel Gebhart, Daniel 
Conser, Samuel Couts, John Walker, John Bierlej', 
George Conser, William Poorman, William Walker, 
John Gebhart, John Granily, Henry Yeakly, George 
Burkert, Adam Bear, and Robert Varalzah. 

The meeting resolved that Capt. Boal's nomination 
■was unexpected and against the wishes of a large 
majority of the D.MUocrats of the county, and ap- 
pointed a committee consisting of John Shafer, 
George Smeltzer, John Weaver, Jacob Wolf, and 
Michael Erhart to address Dr. Stroliecker on tlie 
subject of accepting a nomination for Assembly. The 
doctor promptly accepted, and the meeting resolved 
to give him "almost a unaniiiiouj vote in the east 
end of the county because we know him." 

The senatorial conference met at Williamsport, 
September Hth, S. H. Wilson and S. T. Sliugerl rep- 
resenting Centre; William A. Petrikin and John 
Beunct, Lycoming; Charles G. Donnel and Stephen 
Glaze, Northumberland. Dr. H. B. Massey and Dan- 
iel Richards claimed seats as representatives of the 
new county of Clinton. The Centre conferees ob- 
jected to this, and they were not allowed votes in the 
conference by a vole of three to two, Glaze declining 
to vote. ^Ir. Donnel nominated J. C. Norton; Mr. 
Petrikin, Robert Fleming; and Mr. Shugert, John 
llasson. Fifleen ballots were had when Centre with- 
drew John Hasson and nominated James Macmanus. 
Finding nothing could be accomplished, Mr. Mac- 

manus' name was withdrawn, and the Centre con- 
ferees voted for J. C. Horton ; but Glaze, who was 
instructed for Horton, uniformly voted for Gen. 
Fleming, when the Centre conferees voted for Hor- 
ton. Finally the Centre conferees withdrew from the 
conference. Their action was indorsed by a large 
Democratic county meeting held at Bcllefonte, which 
resolved Col. John Hasson should be supported for 

Volunteer candidates sprang up. Charles Carpen- 
ter, of Ferguson, offered for prothonotary, William 
C. Welch, of Bellcfonte, and James J. Rodgers, of 
Gregg, for register and recorder, also Samuel John- 
ston, of Bellefonte. 

Col. Hasson's vote for senator in the county was 
1506, to 607 for Gen. Fleming. Lycoming, Clinton, 
and Northumberland voted nearly as unanimously 
for Gen. Fleming, and the district stood 4726 fur 
Fleming, 1884 for Hasson. Strohecker for Assembly 
had 1178 votes, 1004 for Boal. Gilliland was beaten 
by Carpenter just ten votes. Flaines stood firm for 
Gilliland, but Miles and Walker went strong for Car- 
penter. John Thompson's vote for sheriff was 1010, 
to 872 for Buchanan and 361 for Young. William 
Iddings was elected county commissioner over James 
Alexander by 90 votes. 

The death of Hon. W. W. Potter occurring October 
27th, a special election to fill his seat in Congress was 
ordered for November 20th. A delegate convention 
met on the 11th of November, John Enierick, of 
Walker, president, S. H. Wilson, secretary, and put 
Gen. George McCulloch in nomination, and appointed 
Col. George Hubler, of Haines, and George Jack, 
Esq., of Harris, conferees. The conference ratified 
this nomination. Gen. McCulloch had served in the 
Senate in 1835-36, and was an iron-master now lo- 
cated in Centre County. Gen. James Irviii was 
selected to oppose him. 

ci;xsus-Titi-: u.\niiisox c.^MP.Aifix-TiiE demo- 




roruLATiox of centre couxty.> 1840. 

1(V.2 Milos li:is 





1 '."vl 










Tutiil iv.-i'-)- 

Of whom two hundred and ninety-one were col- 
ored. In 1840 there were seven furnaces, nine forges 
and rolling-mills, and six hundred and three mcu 

1 riinlou Comity wiis uicclcil in ISin, rwliuius: llio nmi of rpiilr', 
uiid Jccri-u&iiii; to tlmt extout its rclutivo iioiiulatiou to fotmri' L-eusus. 



employed in the manufacture (including mining) of 
iron. Tliere were then only eighty-seven thousand 
bushels of bituminous coal raised, employing seven 
men, capital six thousand dollars, thirty-five grist- 
mills, sixty-one saw-mills, and one oil-mill. 

Political. — The Van Buren and Harrison campaign 
was opened in Centre County by a large meeting, held 
April 28th, at Bellefonte. Col. William Smyth pre- 
sided, with Andrew Hunter, of Potter, Cornelius Dale, 
of Harris, Hon. Jacob KryJer, of Harris, Anthony 
Wolf, of Miles, Samuel H. Wilson, of Potter, Maj. 
Henry Barnhart, of Boggs, vice-presidents ; Secre- 
taries, Dr. Jacob Forney and S. T. Shugert. Col. 
James Burnside and James Macmanus, Esq., were 
the speakers. 

The Harrison men held their meeting the next 
evening; Dr. John Harris and James T. Hale were 
the orators. One of the Democratic resolutions was, 
"We dare the Federalists to deny that William 
Henry Harrison was, in the days of the Keign of 
Terror, a Black Cockade Federalist." Another de- 
clared that Richard M. Johnston was the real hero 
at the Thames. 

The Democratic young men celebrated the Fourth 
of July in a grove on the banks of Spring Creek. 
Hon. George Kremer, of Union County, was present 
by special invitation and addressed the meeting. 
Capt. S. Hunter Wilson was chief marshal, and 
Hon. Thomas Burnside presided. Addresses were 
made by H. N. JIcAllister, E^q., Col. James Burn- 
side, and E. V. Everhart. Dinner was taken at the 
Mansion House, W. D. Rankin, proprietor. 

The citizens and soldiers celebrated tlie day at 
Milesburg. The Centre Guards were in attendance, 
under the command of Capt. A. G. Curtin. Henry 
Barnhart presided, assisted by William Iddings and 
George Grafius ; Constans Curtin and Zachariah 
Miles, secretaries. The Declaration of Independ- 
ence was read by John Watson. Capt. A. G. Cur- 
tin made a patriotic addrefs, and a dinner was served 
up by James McMasters. 

The Democrats of Miles and Gregg townships .also 
celebrated the Fourth at Aaronsburg ; John Hoster- 
man, president; Adam Sunday, John Homan, and 
Peter Zeigler, of Gregg, Anthony Wolf, of Miles, 
Philip Dinges, Jacob Lutz, George Hubler, and H. 
Gentzel, of Haines, vice-presidents; Leonard Leidy, 
of Gregg, Jacob Wolf, of Haines, and Thomas 
Wolf, of Miles, secretaries. The committee on reso- 
lutions consisted of Dr. Jacob Forney, of Aarons- 
burg; Philip B. Musser, John Shook, Sr., and Henry 
Winkleman, of Gregg; Adam Harper, Adam Stover, 
Jr., T. Hubler, Leonard Kerstetter, and Thomas Har- 
per, of Haines, and George Shaeffer, of Miles. B. 
F. Swartz, of Lowistown, addressed the meeting. 
Ancient Federalism, Bankism, and Abolitionism 
were condemned, and log cabin, with hard-cider 
lieroes, were at a discount. 

The Democratic Convention met August 25th, and 

elected John Emerick, of Walker, president ; S. T. 
Shugert, secretary ; and nominated George Boal, of 
Harris, for Assembly ; Thomas F. Stewart, of Fergu- 
son, for commissioner ; and James J. Rogers, of 
Haines, for auditor. At the Democratic meeting held 
the same day William Furey presided, H. N. McAl- 
lister, Hon. Thomas Burnside, and Gen. A. P. Wilson, 
of Huntingdon, were the speakers. 

In September, Nathan Sargent and the " Buckeye 
Blacksinith" appeared upon the scene, " and the iron- 
masters closed their works, and the ore-wagons and 
mule teams hauled the men out to hear the Smith of 
Whigery," as he was styled by the Democrat. 

A. P. Wilson, of Huntingdon, was the Democratic 
candidatefor Congress in the district, but was beaten by 
Gen. James Irvin. The official vote for the Van Buren 
electors in Centre County was twothousand two hun- 
dred and forty -two ; for the Harrison electors fourteen 
hundred and forty-eight; Democratic majority, seven 
hundred and ninety-four. 

July 2Gth, a Democratic meeting was held in Belle- 
fonte, Col. John Hasson, chairman ; Hon. Jacob 
Kryder, John Proudfoot, Maj. J. NefF, Agnew 
Sellers, John Hoslennan, William Smyth, 1841. 
John B. Meek, Samuel Strohecker, and 
others, vice-presidents. Hon. Thomas Burjiside was 
elected representative delegate, and James Macmanus 
senatorial, with instructions to support David R. 
Porter for renomination. 

On the 8th of May, 18-51, the Democratic Whiff, 
John Kidd Shoemaker, editor and publisher, wm 
started. His motto was, "The strongest of all govern- 
ments is that which is most free," W. H. Harrison. 
Mr. Shoemaker conducted this paper for over ten 
years, and July 23, 1851, associated John T. Johnston 
(present postmaster of Bellefonte, 1882) with liim. 
Mr. Johnston retired Sept. U, 1853. April 25, 1855, 
John K. Shoemaker leased the office of Whig to John 
T. Johnston, who became editor and proprietor, con- 
tinuing such until May 26, 1858, when Lsvi D. Reed 
and T. Newton Boyle became editors and publishers. 
Boyle retired in July, and Mr. J. K. Shoemaker as- 
sociated himself with Mr. Read in the publication 
until Aug. 18, 1858, when the Whig went out of exist- 
ence, the material being sold to John G. Kurtz, who 
started the Central Press. 

Levi D. Read served in the war of the Rebellioa in 
Company B, One Hundred and Tenth Pennsylvania, 
and died at Harrisburg, March 17, 1880. 

The Fourth of July occurring on Sunday, the 3d of 
July this year was elaborately celebrated, under the 
auspices of the Centre Guards and Bellefonte Infantry, 
by a public meeting, over which Maj. Andrew Gregg 
presided; Maj. William Burchfield and Capt. George 
Buchanan, vice-presidents; Capt. James Dunlap and 
S. T. Shugert secretaries. An elegant dinner was 
provided by Robert Furey, of the Pennsylvania House. 

On Monday, 5th, the severest hail-storm ever re- 
membered visited Bellefonte. The storm came from 



the northwest, and lasted one hour. Thousands of 
panes of glass were broken, and the wheat and grain 
in the neighborhood of town utterly cut up. Hail- 
stones fell from the size of a hazel-nut to that of a 

The tariff issue was strongly made in the campaign 
this year on the part of the Whigs. David R. Porter 
was the Democratic candidate for Governor, John 
Banks the Whig candidate. The county meeting held 
by the Whigs on the 25th of August was presided over 
by John Mitchell, of Harris township ; Joseph Baker, 
John Strohm, James Duncan, Sr., Samuel Everhart, 
and Edward Tate were vice-presidents ; Samuel R. 
Patton and J. K. Shoemaker, secretaries. The Demo- 
cratic meeting lield on the 24tli was presided over by 
Judge Smyth. At the latter James Macmanus, Esq., 
was nominated for Assembly, John G. Conser for 
county commissioner, John G. Lowrey for treasurer, 
H. Larimer and William Kerr, auditors. On Friday 
evening a lecture was to have been given on " Abo- 
lition." The lecturer was not allowed to occupy the 
court-house, and held forth on the steps, where he 
was pelted with eggs, which he took very patiently. 
The Whig nominees on the county ticket were: As- 
sembly, A. S. Valentine; Commissioner, John Motz; 
Treasurer, William Harris; Auditors, Thomas Huston 
and William Burnside. At the election held October 
12th, Porter received 2300 votes ; Banks, 1126; Le- 
moyne, the Abolition candidate, received one vote in 
Bellefonte and 12 in Half-Moon. Valentine's vote 
was 1122; Motz, 1132; Harris, 1133, and shows how 
closely party lines were drawn. 

The military encampment held at Springfield, alias 
Boalsburg, October ISth, was the largest and most 
imposing military spectacle ever witnessed in this 
section of the State. Col. Andrew Gregg was in com- 
mand, with staff, — R. C. Hale, lieutenant-colonel ; Wil- 
liam Burchfield and G. R. Ban-et, majors ; Capt. Beis- 
sel, adjutant. The reviewing officers were Maj.-Gen. 
Abbott Green and staff, Maj.-Gen. John Potter and 
staff, Brig.-Gens. A. P. Wilson and A. S. Wilson, ac- 
companied by Cols. Burnside and Andrews, of aides 
to the Governor. The following Centre County com- 
panies were present: Penn's Valley Troop, Capt. 

George Buchanan ; Pine Grove Troop, Capt. 

Bell; Washington Troop, Capt. Walters; Centre 
Guards, Capt. A. G. Curtin ; Bellefonte Infantry, 
Capt. J. H. Morrison ; Washington Infantry, Capt. 
Gregg ; Washington Guards, Capt. Patton ; Gates- 
burg Hornets, Capt. Featz; Nittany Riflemen, Capt. 
Coverly ; Boalsburg Riflemen, Capt. James Dunlap ; 
Marion Guards, Capt. Rissel, besides other companies 
from Miffliu and Clearfield Counties. 

In the Legislature the political complexion was as 
follows: Whigs, 17; Democrats, 15; Conservative, 1. 
In the House, Democrats, 63; Whigs, 37. During 
this campaign the opposition gave the Democratic 
partisans the name " Loco Focos." Governor Porter's 
majority in the State was 23,003. 

November 11th, Peter A. Karthouse, of Clearfield 
County, to whose enterprise this county was much in- 
debted, committed suicide at Baltimore. 

Temperance Societies.— Dec. 11th, the Washing- 
ton Temperance Society of Bellefonte was organized. 
This was followed by organizations at Milesburg, etc. 

This Washingtonian movement was started by mis- 
sionaries, as they were called, from Lewistown. It 
spread all through Centre County, and did much good. 
Among other features introduced was the establish- 
ment of a coffee- and reading-room at Bellefonte by 
McConnell & Keene. 

James H. Rankin was president of the Washington 
Society of Spring and Bellefonte; George Welch, 
secretary. At a meeting on night songs 
were sung by John Montgomery, Wesley Lambert, 
and W. H. Butler, and addresses delivered by Hon. 
John Blanchard, Joseph T. Hall, Frederick Smith, 
Col. James Burnside, and committees appointed to 
organize societies at Boalsburg and Jacksonville. 

At the home industry or tariff convention held at 
Harrisburg on the 22d of February, Centre County 
was represented by George Valentine, James D. Har- 
ris, and Edward McGarvey. February 1-lth, 
an anti-swearing society was started at Julian's 1812, 
Furnace, and a large number signed a pledge 
to abstain from profane swearing. 

Saturday, May 14th, John Wise, theaeronaut, of Lan- 
caster, made an ascent from Bellefonte, from the prison- 
yard, at ten minutes before 3 p.m. He said, when up 
about ten minutes, " the towns looked like a chess- 
board, with Milesburg linked to Bellefonte. At forty 
minutes after my departure I made the last signal for 
a hurrah from the spectators on the hill behind tlie 
court-house, and the answer reached me with a faint 
noise, resembling the screams of a child under a feather 
bed. At the height of a mile the balloon reached 
an easterly current, which carried it over Hecla 
Furnace and Nittany Mountain. The view was mag- 
nificent. A number of pillars of smoke were rising 
from the different iron-works dispersed through Cen- 
tre County. The endless and lofty Allegheny Moun- 
tains bounded the view in that direction. The lonely 
windings of the Erie turnpike were soon lost in the 
dark defiles of the mountains. Nature's fragrance 
perfumed the atmosphere with the sweet odor of its 
fruits. As I passed over Nittany Mountain, Penn's 
valley distinguished itself from its smaller neighbors. 
The verdnnt soil appeared to be more copiously charged 
with vegetation, and the fields appeared to be generally 
larger. At four o'clock I made arrangements to land, 
which was safely efl^ected in Brush valley, near the 
house of Mr. John Royer, fifteen miles from Belle- 

At the military election held in June, James Potter, 
Jr., was elected brigadier-general, Philip W. Barn- 
hart colonel {of One Hundred and Eleventh Regi- 
ment), William Tipton lieuteuant-colonel,and George 
H. Weaver major. 


Forthe Fourth of July celebration thisyearacannon 
was manufactured at the foundry of William Harris, 
in Bellefonte. The piece was cast solid and drilled. 
The celebration this year was under the auspices of 
the temperance societies, and addresses were made by 
Judge Burnside, James T. Hale, Esq., H. N. McAllis- 
ter, and John Blanchard ; Charles B. Callahan was 
marshal of the procession. There was also a celebra- 
tion at Milesburg, under the auspices of the Wash- 
ingtonian Temperance Society, Centre Guards, and 
the Sabbath-school. Rev. J. G. Miles delivered the 
address to the Sabbath-school, and A. G. Curtin the 
oration. At Beech Creek a liberty-pole one hundred 
feet high was raised, James Burnside, Esq., delivering 
an address, the Beech Creek Temperance Society 
and Howard AVashingtonian Temperance Society 
taking a prominent part in the exercises. 

In July. Rev. Thomas Hunt, the celebrated temper- 
ance lecturer, visited Centre County. The court-house 
could not contain the crowds that flocked to hear him. 
His addresses made a great impression. Robert 
Furey, who kept hotel, announced that if he was paid 
for his liquors on hand he would abandon the sale 
and become a member of the society. A price was 
put upon the stock, and a subscription raised, and the 
liquors were taken from the cellar and burned. 

August 5th, the workingmen of Centre County or- 
ganized an association. A. Ammerman, president; 
Jesse Clingcr, William Rogers, and John Taylor, 
vice-presidents; John Proudfoot, secretary; Abram 
Sweitzer, Neil Harrold, and William Pruner, corres- 
ponding committee. They declared themselves for a 
tariff, but independent of political parties. The Cen- 
tre Democrats' opinion of the movement was that it 
was an old trick of the Federal enemy. 



The Presidential question was early agitated in this 
year. A meeting held at the court-house in Belle- 
fonte, February 7th, over which William 
1843. Smith, Jr., of Marion, presided, with Jesse 
Williams, William Marshall, Esq., Daniel 
Beuck, as vice-presidents, George Buchanan and 
William Allison as secretaries, appointed thirty-two 
delegates to attend a convention at Harrisburg for 
the purpose of putting in nomination Henry Clay for 

The election this fall was remarkable from the fact 
that Gen. James Irvin, Whig, carried the county 
against George McCuUoch for Congress, and Joseph 
F. Quay, Whig, was elected State senator. Haines, 
Gregg, and Miles townships remain, however, stanchly 
Democratic. James Dunlap, the Whig nominee, was 

elected county commissioner, and William Harris, 
Whig, county treasurer. James Macmanus, Esq., was 
the successful candidate for the Legislature. 

The Fourth of July was celebrated by a great out- 
pouring of the people to Bellefonte to political meet- 
ings. The Democrats, marshaled by Capt. J. 
H. Morrison, formed a procession headed by 1844. 
the Milesburg Band. An arch mad.e by the 
ladies, under which huug the portraits of Polk and 
Dallas, next in procession ; then came Governor 
David R. Porter and the officers of the meeting, — • 
Judge Thomas Burnside, president; William Smyth, 
Sr., J. Thompson, Esq., William Ward, George Boal, 
C Trezyulny, John Gilliland, John G. Lowrey, John 
Netr, etc. The procession repaired to a grove at the 
west end of town, where a dinner was spread by Maj. 
Armor. There were three hundred and thirty-six 
voters in line. Col. James Burnside delivered an 
oration, and H. N. McAllister, Esq., read the Decla- 
ration of Independence. 

The Whig procession was headed by Tutton's 
Bellefonte Band, Gen. George Buchanan, marshal, 
and repaired to the spring, where a dinner was served 
by the ladies. Gen. James Irvin presided, assisted 
by David Dale, James Potter, William Murray, 
Samuel Askey, Roland Curtin, Sr., Daniel Shank, 
George Brown, J. W. Richards, George Zimmerman, 
Thomas McCalmont, Daniel Weaver, Hamilton 
Humes, vice-presidents ; Samuel R. Patton, Daniel 
Keller, Jacob Baker, secretaries. Maj. George S. 
Armstrong read the Declaration, and Dr. J. M. 
Thompson delivered an oration. The venerable Judge 
Charles Huston also made an address, and was fol- 
lowed by A. G. Curtin, Esq. 

On the 9th of August, a convention of those op- 
posed to the desecration of the S.ibbath was held at 
Bellefonte, Hon. William Smyth, president; Martin 
Houser and George Sheneberger, vice-presidents; 
Samuel Green and D. B. Canfield, secretaries. 
Among other resolutions was one, sadly needed, dis- 
approving of talking politics on the Sabbath. 

The Democratic ticket in 1844 was, for Congress, 
Dr. Joseph Henderson ; Assembly, Col. James Burn- 
side, of Centre, and Lewis W. Smith, of Clearfield ; 
commissioner. Christian Hoffer, of Potter township. 

The Whig ticket: John Blanchard, for Congress; 
William Murray, of Centre, and George Leech, of 
Clearfield, for Assembly ; John Fox, of Howard, for 
commissioner; auditor, John Lourimore, of Harris. 

The campaign of 1844 was earnestly fought upon 
the question of the repeal of the tariff of 1842, Clay 
and Frelinghuysen being the Whig candidates for 
President and Vice-President, Polk and Dallas Dem- 
ocratic candidates. At the gubernatorial election the 
vote in Centre County stood 2384 for F. R. Shunk,^ 

1 Henry A. JIuhleuberg, tlie nominee of tlio Democratic party for 
Governor, h:id ii strolie of iipoiilexy wliile Eilliiig on hia door-step in 
Rending, on Siitnrday evening, August lO'.li, iind died at four A.M. un 
Sabbath, and Francis R. Sliiinli was substituted as caudidatc. 



17S6 for Gen. Joseph Markle, Democratic majority 
averaging about 600 on tlie county ticket. Governor 
Sliunk carried tlie State by 4283 ni.ajority. At the 
November election tlie Polk and Dallas electoral 
ticket bad 565 majority in Centre County; in the 
State, 6332. Dr. Hugh Montgomery on the Polk 
and Dallas electoral ticket for Centre County. 


ShuiiU. Miiiklo. Polk. Cliiy. 

I!cIli.fonte Of. !i:! 00 01 

liu-cB l:t:l l.V) li) lli-i 

Fcrijusoii 1711 I'iT Ilia l:)7 

Gregg U19 H;> 2H K7 HO 77 41 S7 

Hams lia 241 l(;o 241 

Iliilf-SI..oii 114 01 y>:i 113 

HciWiinl 11) 172 117 inn 

HHiru-a , 204 IIU 318 117 

Wllnsliing 3:! 52 30 60 

Miles lr,2 40 ISl 37 

Million OS 21 1(12 22 

I'atton 35 54 31 SO' 

I'.'tH-r 2S2 132 277 144 

K'lKli 37 24 28 26 

PliriiiR 215 240 18G 25(1 

SiiowSlioe 23 IS 21 17 

Walker 150 50 172 60 

2384 1780 2425 ISOO 


Slmnk's muj. 098 Polk's maj. 505 

In March the appointment of James Macmanus, 
Esq., deputy attorney-general for Centre County, was 
petitioned for by the court, attorneys, grand jury, and 
county officials. This the attorney-general, John K. 
Kane, disregarded, and appointed, March 17th, B. 
Rush Petriken, Esq., and appointed Mr. Macmanu.s 
for Clearfield County. Mr. Macmanus sent back the 
latter deputation with a very sarcastic letter. Henry 
Petrikin was Deputy Secretary of the Commonwealth, 
and his nephew's appointment was attributed to his 

The year 1845 was marked by no particular events 
and the absence of Fourth of July celebrations. The 
lieat of the summer was excessive, in July the 
1845. thermometer ranging from ninety-eight to one 
hundred degrees, and a great drought. The 
elections in the fill were without political interest; 
volunteer candidates were plenty, but no break ef- 
fected of the Democratic line. 

The Bellefonte Division of the Sons of Temperance organized November 24th, with J. M. Wall, W. P. ; 
David C. Boal, W. A. ; David Moore, R. S. ; H. Trez- 
iyulney, A. R. S. ; Richard Miles, F. S. ; Gen. James 
Irvin, T. ; William Griffin, I. S. ; W. S. Tripple, O. S. ; 
Jeremy Wilson, P. W. P. The result of Rev. Thomas 
P. Hunt's labors in September. 

The Whig ticket had on it George Buchanan for 
Assembly ; P. B. Waddle for prothonotary ; C. G. 
Ryman, register and recorder; George Welch, 
urer. Democratic majority for James Burns, canal 
commissioner, 841. 

Thomas M. Hall was the first regularly nominated 
candidate of the Democratic party for sheriff'. Before 
this year, that office had always been left open to 
volunteers. Mr. Hall had for his opponents Peter B. 

Gray, Charles Carpenter, John D. Petrikin, and Sam- 
uel H. Stover. John D. Petrikin ran next to Hall. 

December IStli, the first meeting favorable to a 
railroad through Penn's valley was held; George 
Boal, president; Peter Neece, John Love, James 
Johnston, S. R. Patton, Henry Geist, and John 
Durst, vice-presidents; J. Blair Moore and George 
Jack, secretaries. Committees were appointed to 
petition the Legislature for an act of incorporation. 

December 24th, George Graham opened a mine of 
bituminous coal at Snow Shoe, striking a superior 
vein. The bank was situated near the turnpike, 
within one hundred and fifty yards of that worked 
by Austin Hinton. 

Early in January, Hon. George W.Woodward, judge 
of this district, was nominated as judge of the 
Supreme Court of the United States by Presi- 1846. 
dent Polk, but his nomination was not con- 
firmed by the Senate. 

January 27tli, the Centre County Colporteur Asso- 
ciation was formed; Hamilton Humes, president; 
James Armor, vice-president; James Macmanus, 
treasurer; and David Moore, secretary. This was 
auxiliary to the American Tract Society. The Laurel 
Leaf Division, No. 115, Sons of Temperance, at 
Mile.sburg, was instituted February 6th. February 
23d, the Centre Lodge, Independent Order of Odd- 
Fellows, was instituted in presence of a large number 
of brethren from adjoining counties. Henry Baker, 
Daniel Welch, C. H. Bressler, William Baker, P. B. 
Wilson were the committee on organization. 

March 14th occurred a very high flood in Buld 
Eagle, consequent upon sudden melling of the snow. 
Bullet Run dam was partly undermined, and said to 
have been the highest freshet since 1810. 

March 2Gth, Henry Irvin killed his father, Slatthew 
Irvin, near Pennsylvania Furnace, in Ferguson town- 
ship. They were both laborers at the furnace, and 
the son had mania-a-potu at the time and conceived 
that his father was the devil plotting his destruction. 
He left the mine-bank where he was at work and 
proceeded to his own house, where his father was in 
bed, and with an axe inflicted thirteen wounds upon 
the old man's head and nearly severed one of his 
arms. His father lingered from two o'clock in the 
afternoon until seven, when death relieved him. 
They had been on the best terms before the deed. 
Henry Irvin's trial took place on the 28th of .\pril, 
and he acquitted on the ground of insanity. 

August 24th occurred the accident at the mine- 
bank of Howard & Hecla works. The shaft was 
suddenly filled with water and mud, and John Lati- 
mer, John Daily, and John McCommon lost their 
lives. Latimer's body was not recovered until in 
December, when it was buried in Bellefonte. 

The repeal of the tarift" of 1842 in July of this 
year had its effect upon the county elections. William 
B. Foster, Jr., the Democratic candidate for canal 
commissioner, had onl)' 140 majority ; k. P. Wilson's 



majority for Congress was only 35 over Hon. John 
Blancliard ; Gen. Houston for Senate only 26 over 
William Harris ; John Revnolds for Assemblv only 6 
over William Allison ; Larimer for commissioner over 
John Mitchell, GO. Mr. Blanchard's majority in the 
district was 634; William Harris, 82. James M. 
Bower had 8829 majority over W. B. Foster, Jr., in 
the State, and the Whigs secured a majority on joint 
ballot in the Legislature of 21, and a majority of the 
Congressional delegation. 

Tuesday, December 29th, the Centre Guards, under 
Capt. Andrew Gregg, marched into Bellefonte with 
the expectation that their services would be accepted 
in filling up the Second Pennsylvania, but news ar- 
rived at 5 P.M. that a Carbon County company's ser- 
vices had been accepted. Arrangements had been 
made to transport the company in wagons to Pitts- 
burgh, and the disappointment was severe. After 
the letter from the adjutant-general was read, several 
of the company started to join the Danville com- 
pany, which was en rozi^e through Penn's valley. Dr. 
James M. Thompson followed the regiment for the 
purpose of obtaining the appointment as surgeon, but 
the place was filled before he reached Pittsburgh. 
Lieut. J. I. Gregg, of tlie Centre Guards, enrolled 
himself in the Ebensburg Guards. H. L. Armor 
(only son of William Armor), who had been a vol- 
unteer in the Vicksburg Guards, and was wounded at 
Monterey, returned when his regiment was disbanded, 
and waited for the arrival of tlie Centre Guards, then 
he also joined the Ebensburg Guards. 

Soldiers in the Mexican War.— In March, 1847, , 
John I. Gregg, from private in Second Pennsylvania, 

was promoted second lieutenant in Eleventh 
1847. Regiment of Infantry, and returning home 

was placed upon recruiting service. James 
Fulton, Jr., was shot while standing guard in the 
summer of 1847. James Shaw, who had a finger shot 
off at Cerro Gordo, died of dysentery. He was a 
printer of Bellefonte. His mother resided near Mill- 
lieim. Henry L. Armor died of dysentery at Puebla, 
July 14, 1847. In Capt. Irvin's company were Sergt. 
John A. Bayard, D. C. Kitchen, shot through the 
thigh with a musket-ball, and promoted corporal for 
his bravery; Wells, Fulton, Campbell, Neff, Rager, 
Diehl, Grossmeyer, William Ragar, William E. Erb, 
of Ferguson township. Daniel Poorman and Wil- 
liam Burchfeld belonged to the Columbia Guards, 
a Danville company; also George Wingate, who was 
born and raised in Ferguson township, and died at 
Jalapa, May 1, 1847, of brain fever, aged twenty. 
Daniel Poorman, formerly of the Centre Guards, died 
at New Orleans in January, 1848. He had been 
honorably discharged on account of sickness, and was 
on his way home. Dr. James Lourimore died Sept. 
28, 1844, soon after his return from Mexico; also 
Henry Eckley, early in August. 

It is proper here to state that the Marion In- 
fantry of Penn's valley tendered their services to the 

Governor for the war, but were too late to be ac- 

At the Whig State Convention held at Harrisburg 
on the 9th of March, Gen. James Irvin, of Centre 
County, was nominated as candidate for Governor on 
the first ballot. The general announced his accept- 
ance in a letter from Bellefonte on the 10th of March. 

In March, Lieut. T. F. McCoy, of the Juniata 
Guards, Capt. W. H. Irvin's company. Col. Ramsay's 
regiment. Eleventh Regiment U.S.A., enlisted some 
twenty men at Bellefonte for the war. 

In March, also, large collections were made for the 
suffering poor of Ireland and Scotland. The aggre- 
gate contribution of Bellefonte was $896 ; Marion 
township contributed 25 barrels of flour and 30 bush- 
els of wheat; Spring township, .$231 ; Gregg township, 
75 barrels of flour; Miles, 34 barrels; Penn, 35 bar- 
rels of flour ; Haines aggregated $76 ; Liberty, 54 
bushels of wheat ; Walker, 126 bushels of wheat, 21 
of rye; Ferguson, 300, and a box of clothing worth 
$75; Boggs township, 80 bushels of wheat, etc. The 
money value of the contributions from Centre County 
was $5291.09. 

The Hublersburg Division of the Sons of Temper- 
ance was formed May 25, 1847. W. P., W. P. Harris ; 
W. A., Henry McEwen ; R. S., David McCalmont; 
A. R. S., James W. Gamble ; F. S., Harrison Cleven- 
stone ; T., Daniel T. McKean ; C, John Divens ; A. 
C, W. McKean, Jr. ; I. S., Robert Williams ; 0. S., 
John Thompson. 

Early in September the water was let into the canal 
as far as Milesburg. 

The heavy rains of the 6th, 7th, and 8th of Octo- 
ber caused a great freshet. Bald Eagle Creek rose 
four feet higher than the flood of 1810. The dam at 
Hannah Furnace was swept away ; also the dam of 
Adams, at Julian, with a large amount of coal. The 
turnpike bridge at Milesburg and the Bald Eagle 
Canal were injured to the extent of six thousand dol- 
lars. At Lock Haven the water was four feet deep in 
the streets. 

At the fall election Governor Shunk carried Centre 
County by a majority of 695. The vote was: for 
Shunk, 2477; Irvin, 1782. 

In December, 1847, occurred the failure of James 
and John Potter, and on the 7th and 8th of December 
they confessed judgments upon their individual lia- 
bilities alone for $107,435, and on firm liiibilities with 
John Sterrett judgments were entered to the amount 
of $155,000. 

The judgments, with the exception of William Al- 
lison's of $15,421, and Gen. Simon Cameron's, $4769, 
were confessed with a stay of execution of one year. 
The personal property was sold upon Mr. Allison's 
execution, December 20th. The real estate, con- 
sisting of stone grist-mill, woolen-factory, houses, 
store, tavern, etc., at Potter's Mills, the red mill, the 
Irvin stone grist-mill. Old Fort property, etc., came 
under the hammer of the sheriff April 23, 1849. 



Governor Shunk resigned July 9, 1848, the office 
of Governor. He died on the 20tli. William F. 
Johnston, Spe.iker of the Senate, succeeded him. 
The c.inipaign following the Mexican war, in which 
opposition to the extension of slaverj' into the new 
Territories developed itself, the Free-Soil party nomi- | 
nating at Buffalo, August 9th, Martin Van Buren i 
for President, and Charles Francis Adams for Vice- I 
President, was one of great excitement in Centre i 
County. William F. Johnston had been nominated 
for Governor. A large Whig county meeting was i 
held at Bellefonte, August 30th, after the County 
Convention, which had put in nomination Thomas 
Hutchinson, of Potter, for Assembly, Christian Dale 
for commissioner. Gen. Irvin presided, with Peter 
AVilson, of Gregg, Jacob Thomas, of Haines, John 
Sankey, of Penn, David Musser, of Gregg, William 
Murray, of Ferguson, George W. Johnston, of Har- 
ris, and other vice-presidents; Samuel R. Patton, of 
Potter, and William Allison, of Gregg, secretaries. 
The taritf and opposition to slavery extension were 
boldly placed among the resolutions. Capt. W. H. 
Irvin, A. G. Curtin, and Samuel Linn were among 
the speakers, and the nominations of Taylor and Fill- 
more were heartily indorsed. The enthusiasm had 
no apparent elfect within the county, Longstreth 
having 895 majority over Johnston. The vote stood : 
Johnston, 1649 ; Longstreth, 2544. The county ticket 
varied very slightly from the State ticket. Governor 
Johnston carried the State by 225 majority, but Ner 
Middlesworth was beaten by Israel Painter for the 
office of canal commissioner by 1381 votes. In No- 
vember the Cass electors received 2611 votes ; Taylor, 
1856. Gen.Taylor'smajorityin the State, 13,538. In 
Centre County the Democratic gain over the vote for 
President in 1844 was just 186, perhaps just the relative 
increase of population ; the Whig loss from 1844 just 
four votes. What is singular, the Van Buren and 
Adams electors received one vote in Bellefonte and 
three in Half-Moon, otherwise the Whig vote would 
no doubt have been identical with that of 1844, — a 
remarkable instance of conservatism. 

1847. 1848. 

Sliiuik. Juliiistoii. Longstreth. 

BeUefonte 116 

B.ipgs 11)4 

IVrgilsoii 118 

Grtgg 81 

Hiiiiivs 106 

lliilf-Mooii .W 

lliinis 245 

HuwHid !I5 

Huston 57 

Liberty 44 

Marion 20 

5liles 37 

Ulilesliilrg H 

I'iiltun 54 

I'enn 37 

]'citt.-r 130 

Kush 27 

Snow Shoe 17 

Spring 234 

Taylor 1 ,, 

Walker 39 




In Marcli, 1849, the California fever struck Centre 
County. A party of six left Lewistown for the 
Golden Gate, — James K. Kelly, formerly of 
this county. United States senator from Ore- 1849. 
gon, 1871-77 ; Robert Beck, of Hecla ; W. H. 
Levy, of Bellefonte; John Hayes, of Spring Mills; 
James M. Duncan, Esq., and Dr. Andrew Kelly, 
brother of James K. 

March 10th, Robert Pennington's barn in Potter 
township was burned, with cattle, wheat, rye, and 
farming utensils. The fire was accidental. 

Early in April the body of a man was found in the 
upper mill-dam at Bellefonte so decomposed that be 
was not recognizable. It was understood, however, 
to be that of John Underwood, a soldier of the war 
of 1812, who had become addicted to excessive drink- 

Unionville, the new addition to the towns of Centre 
County, on the Bellefonte and Philipsburg turnpike, 
had its first Fourth of July celebration. Rev. A. Brit- 
tain presided, assisted by Thomas M. Hall, Casper 
Peters, James Alexander, Esq., Samuel Harris, B. 
Shipley, John Smith, and Thomas J. Geary as vice- 
presidents. The Declaration was read by Samuel 
Baker, of Howard, and addresses made by Rev. John 

A. Gere, Rev. C. Jeffries, and John B. Meek, Esq. 
Between four and five hundred persons sat down to 
a picnic dinner prepared by the people of the town 
and surrounding country. 

The Democratic county meeting was held August 
29th, Hon. George Boal presiding; vice-presidents, 
Adam Sunday, Maj. John Neff, and Thomas Mayes; 
William Furey and W. L. Musser, secretaries. Dr. 
Samuel Strohecker was nominated for senator, John 

B. Meek renominated for the Legislature; William 
Furey for treasurer, and David Jack for commis- 
sioner, by a convention held the same day, of which 
Dr. J. D. Canfield, of Walker, was president; George 
Jack, secretary. The Whig nominees were, for sena- 
tor, A. G. Curtin ; Assembly, Thomas Hutchinson ; 
Commissioner, Peter Wilson; Treasurer, William 

David Jack, candidate for county commissioner, 
died September 26th, aged forty-five, and Samuel 
Hess was nominated, October 2d, in his place. 
William F. Packer was nominated by the conferees 
for senator. In October John A. Gamble, for canal 
commissioner, had 2093 votes ; Henry M. Fuller, 
1382. Packer had, for senator, 1994; A. G. Curtin, 

November 22d, a meeting was held at Unionville, 
and arrangements made for a grand circular hunt on 
the 7th of December. The area embraced was six 
miles; the first line resting on Bald Eagle Creek, 



extending from Union and Boggs township line to 
Adams' Mill ; the second to extend from Union and 
Boggs line six miles into the mountains; the third 
line to square with the second line back of the Alle- 
gheny, parallel with the Bald Eagle line; the fourth 
line resting on the Turner farm, extending from the 
Bald Eagle six miles to the third or back line. George 
Weaver was appointed captain of the first line, Dr. 
James Irwin of the second, John Holt of the third, 
and Thomas Harbridge of the fourth. Eules: No 
fire-arms allowed, no spirituous liquors, no boys 
under sixteen years of age, no dogs, and every hunter 
to be armed with a good club. The object was to rid 
the country of the wolves and foxes which abounded in 
the valley. The circular hunt, however, proved a dead 
failure. By some oversight or mismanagement one 
of the lines was not closed, and when the other three 
converged to the ground agreed upon for closing they 
found it full of emptiness. A great number of deer 
and other game were seen by the hunters in their 
way, and had the lines been properly closed there 
had been rare sport. 

TJiomas Steeres was the projector of this hunt. He 
was born in Centre County in 1818 ; afterwards lived 
in Lancaster, where Thaddeus Stevens and he were 
friends. Mr. Steeres died in November, 1881, in CdI- 
orado, at Dean's Station, where he was engaged in 
the work of forwarding an extension of the Denver 
and Rio Grande Railway. 

November 15th, a party of hunters from Williams- 
port went up to a shanty near Mr. Eddy Lick's, in 
Centre County, to engage in a hunt. They spent the 
day walking to the shanty, where they arrived late in 
the evening, and on entering the hut to build a lire 
and prepare for lodging, a very disagreeable smell 
arrested their attention, and on striking a light and 
looking about they found a dead man lying in a cor- 
ner of the cabin. They were eight miles from a house ; 
night had hung her sable curtains and unloosed all 
her hobgoblins, not to mention the droves of wolves, 
bears, panthers, and wildcats which always infest 
the woods after dark. But these were tart and 
cheese-cakes compared with the society of a dead 
man. On went their knapsacks quicker by odds than 
they came off, and down the dark and winding path 
in Indian style, except that no one was behind, they 
scampered with sinews as elastic as if they had been 
renewed with rest and provender. At two miles they 
reached the second shanty : they did not venture in; 
who could tell upon entering they might not find 
another dead man, perhaps two, and indeed it was 
not to find a dozen. They resolved, there- 
fore, to encamp outside, build a fire, and awaited day- 
light, and dispatched a part of the company to the 
settlements for assistance to remove the dead man. 
Joseph Baumgarner, Esq., of Eagleville, held an in- 
quest on the 17th on the body of the man who was 
thus found in George Furst's camp, on Beech Creek, 
about thirteen miles above its mouth. The inquest 

judged him about thirty years old. An empty pocket- 
book, a comb and razor were all, save his clothing, 
found upon the unknown dead. 


White Colure.l. Totiil. 

Mules. Females. 

Bellefonte 641 641 94 1,179 

I!cj|.'!;s , 1,018 S9li 9 1,9:::! 

FerKiisoii ; 8:10 170 1 l,illil 

(irei;}; 7:19 I'lC, H \,AT.t 

IliUM SHiJcl I'elMi 1,2:U 1,220 2 2,454 

liiill M.iuii ;iri5 3:i0 29 714 

lliMii-^ 9S1 970 a ],9.i4 

II"».-ml GG4 028 1.292 

lliisl,>ii ISO KSS 1 375 

Lii"rtv 200 187 387 

Miuini. 289 :io0 69.) 

Jlilesburt' 2:):i 243 478 

Ililes , GO.) 040 1 1,:100 

Patturi 2.14 2l:j 45:1 

I'oUor 1,113 1,"S4 19 2,210 

Rnsli 184 1S7 ;i7l 

Siiuw Sliuo 2.'39 19:) 4:i2 

.SluiiiK 1,129 1,081 70 2,280 

T-.,vl..i- 172 177 349 

Wiilker G22 .^90 1,221 

Worth 158 144 302 

Tutal 11,784 11,328 243 2:i,355 

102 public schools, 3353 pupils; 3996 dwellings, 
4000 families ; 1229 persons who could neither read 
nor write ; 5101 horses, 5757 cows, 11,170 other cattle. 

January, 1850, all the cases upon the civil list were 
continued, and no business transacted except what 
could be done by the associate judges, on account of 
Judge Woodward's severe affliction. Miss Mary R. 
Benner, of Bellefonte, a daughter of J. Matlack Ben- 
ner, deceased, had accompanied the judge to his 
home on his return from court at Bellefonte to Wilkes- 
barre, and on the morning of January 19th, with 
Judge Woodward's eldest daughter, Ellen, aged fif- 
teen, and Miss Butler, went out to amuse themselves 
upon the ice formed by back-water of the river near 
Wilkesbarre. The ice broke under them and all three 
were drowned. 

In the summer of 1850, Henry Brockerhoff erected 
the building known as the Brockerhoff House, which 
he commenced the year before. The Whig county 
nominations, made in August, were William R. Har- 
rison, of Bellefonte, for A.ssembly; Philip B. Waddle 
for county commissioner. The average Democratic 
m.ijority in Centre County in 1850 was 810. Jaines 
H. Rankin was the first district attorney elected ; R. 
G. Durham was his competitor. Jacob Bollinger was 
elected county surveyor over W. G. Waring. Wil- 
liam H. Blair led the State and county ticket, having 
882 majority in the county. A vote was had on the 
amendment to the Constitution making the judges of 
the Supreme Court and judges and associates of the 
several courts elective. The vote in Centre County 
was 1637 for the amendment, 1038 against it, making 
a majority of 599 for the amendment. Except in 
Bellefonte, which .stood 88 for and 91 against, the 
Democratic districts voted for the amendment and 
the Whig districts against it. Bellefonte gave 49 
majority for the Democratic State ticket. 

Teachers' Institute. — Teachers' institutes were the 
result of a recommendation of the Slate Convention 



lield Jan. IG and 17, 1850, for their formation in the 
several counties of the Commonwealth. In pursuance 
of this, W. G. Waring published, Feb. 13, 1850, a call 
addressed to those intere.sted in education to meet at 
April court. The meeting, April 22d, was presided 
over by Rev. James Linn, when a committee consist- 
, ing of George Livingston, Andrew Gregg, and J. P. 
Packer was appointed. 

The citizens of Oak Hall School District having 
extended an invitation for the first institute to be 
held there, the above committee called a meeting 
of teachers for Monday, September 30th, at Oak Hall. 
There wns a small attendance, but the meeting was 
organized on the afternoon of October 1st by choice 
of Reuben Hunter, chairman, and John H. Hahn, 
secretary. A constitution was adopted, and the offi- 
cers for the ensuing year elected by ballot, as follows : 
James H. Rankin, Esq., president; George W.Haines 
and Rfibert Waring, vice-presidents; James M. Blair, 
corresponding secretary; William G. Waring, record- 
ing secretary; J. M. McMinn, librarian; John H. 
Hahn, treasurer. 

In the evening a spirited meeting was held, ad- 
dressed by the president and Messrs. Thomas, Holohan, 
McMinn, Rote, Blair, Haines, Heckendorn, who were 
followed by several of the citizens. The citizens then 
present thereupon held a meeting, and on motion of 
Joseph Baker, Esq., seconded by Henry S. Baker and 
Christian Dale, adopted and signed the following 
resolution, which was directed to be incorporated in 
the proceedings of the institute : 

" HesoJvtrd, That the Teachers' Institute formed in this place meets our 
approbation ; and lielieving that it is calculated to do nmcli good, we 
highly recommend it to tlio citizens of the county as worthy of their 
attention and encouragement." 

The citizens of Oak Hall recived a vote of thanks 
for their polite attention to the members, and the In- 
stitute adjourned to meet at Earleysburg school-house, 
near Old Fort, on the first Monday of October, 1851. 
A resolution was passed recommending the formation 
of district associations to hold monthly meetings. 

The Howard (District) Institute was the first aux- 
iliary institute formed under this resolution. It was 
organized at Howard, Jan. 18, 1851 : Orin T. Noble, 
president; Ezekiel Fletcher, secretary. 

The third annual session was called to meet at Mill- 
heim, October 4th, which on account of election ex- 
citement was perhaps not held ; but the meeting'called 
for Dec. 27, 1852, at Jlechanicsville, by W. G. Waring 
and J. D. Wingate, secretaries, was held, and was a 
great success. The generosity of the people of that 
place (now Mountain Eagle, 1882) was unbounded, 
and the directors resolved to add one dollar per month 
to the wages of teachers attending institutes. 

The fourth annual session of the County Institute, 
Orin T. Noble, president, continuing four days, was 
held at Pine Grove Mills, commencing Dec. 26, 1853. 
Messrs. E. Blakely, Abner Dale, A.B., vice-presi- 
dentii; J. D. Wingate, secretary; delegates elected to 

the State Teachers' Association, Orin T. Noble, J. 
D. Wingate, and John H. Orvis. Officers elected for 
1854: Wni. G. Waring, president; Miss Nancy M. 
Campbell and Win. Allen, vice-presidents; Abner 
Dale, secretary ; George Livingston, corresponding 
secretary; A. Armor, treasurer; J. D. Wingate, 
Misses M. V. Harris, E. Blakely, C. R. Hunter, and 
Dr. G. M. Swartz, managers. 

One of the resolutions of the meeting at Pine Grove 
is noteworthy : Tiiat we cannot hope to see universal 
and equal improvement through all the common 
schools of the county until they are put under the 
care of one responsible and efficient superintendent. 
Centre County was therefore of the first, through its 
Institute, to recommend the creation of the office of 
county superintendent. 



In January, 1851, Judge G. W. Woodward deliv- 
ered his last charge to the grand jury. The grand 
jury and members of the bar addressed letters 
to the judge expressing their high conimenda- 1851. 
tion and approval of the manner in which he 
had discharged his duties, to which the judge made 
very appropriate replies. 

Union township was erected out of Boggs at Janu- 
ary term, 1851. It was made by striking off the upper 
end of Boggs by a line a little above Ira Fisher's, near 
the mouth of Wallis' Run. 

In 1851 the post-offices of Centre County and post- 
masters were as follows : 

Aaronsburg. Daniel Benck. 
BellefmilK. J. K. Slioemaker. 
Boalshnrg. George W. Johnston. 
Centre Uiie. Joseph B. Shugert. 
Centre Hill. Jiiinos A. Boozer. 
Flemmg. J. F. Iliill. 
H,ilf-Moon. William Myers. 
Howard. Sarah E. Slerret. 
Httl}leri.huyg.'^ Antliony Garner. 
Julian. Jolin Adams. 
Miltebarg. Joseph Sclinell. 
Milllieim. W. C. Duncan. 
Martha. John H. Cook. 

Nit/aiDj. jr. Sliai'ffer, Jr. 
OU Fort. R. Gilliiand. 
Pater's Mills. James Potter. 
Pine Grore ililh. Samuel E.Shultz. 
Pl,ilipybnr,j. John G. Ruuk. 
Pleasant Gap. .1. II. Louriuiore. 
lteer,biirg. John U. Burkert. 
Stover's Place (in Ferguson). S. H. 

Spring Mills. David Dnncan. 
Woodicanl. John V. Molz. 
WaUer. J. M. McCnllougb. 
Ztm. S. F. Kodniau. 

Monday evening, March 3d, the fiuuring-mill of 
James D. Harris' heirs, in Bellefonte, was burned. 
Above six thousand bushels of grain were destroyed. 
D. W. McCoy, the occupier, was the heaviest loser. 

In October, 1851, occurred the first election for 
judges of Supreme Court, district, and associate 
judges. James Campbell, one of the candidates for 
the Supreme bench, ran behind on the Democratic 
ticket one hundred and forty-two votes in the county. 

' Mr. Brown succeeded Mr. Cam 
enty years. 

ISoG, aud held the office over 



Judge Coulter ran ahead of the Whig ticket one hun- 
dred and forty-two in the county, and was the only 
Whig candidate for Supreme judge elected in the 
State. William Marshall and Jacob E. Stover were 
the Whig candidates for associate judges, Samuel 
Linn, Esq., for Assembly. Governor Bigler's ma- 
jority in the county was one thousand and ninety-one. 
Two former residents of Centre County, and brothers, 
were this year elected Governors of two widely distant 
States. William Bigler, Governor of Pennsylvania, 
and John Bigler, Governor of California. 

For comparison with census returns for 1850 the 
vote for Governor is given by townships. Governor 
Bigler had thirty-six more votes in the county than 
the Democratic candidates forjudges of the Supreme 

Biglor. Johnston. 

Bellefonte 138 S8 

Boggs 119 141 

Feijiuson 174 1.51 

Gregg 228 70 

Iliiriis 174 248 

Hair-Miion Gl 73 

Haines 184 92 

Ilowitrd im 128 

Hnstin 3i; 64 

Liberty G4 60 

JInrion 1(12 19 

Miles 210 20 

Milesbuig 48 67 

Pattcm 20 7(1 

reun 22U 32 

I'ntlcr 331 lUO 

Knsh 58 .W 

Spring 261 2U7 

Snow Sllue 77 33 

Tiijlor 311 26 

Union 93 77 

Worth 35 32 

Walker 193 5U 

2974 1883 

Tuesday, January 20th, was remarked as the cold- 
est day experienced for many years, thermometer fif- 
teen degrees below zero at sunrise, at noon. 
1852. stood at zero, and at sunset four degrees below. 
In the spring of 1852 the Maine Liquor Law, 
as it was called, was largely agitated in the county, 
and many meetings held; committees were appointed 
to inquire the sentiments of nominees for the Senate 
and House upon the enactment of a law prohibiting 
the sale of intoxicating liquors as a beverage. The 
answers of .Tames W. Quiggle and Charles R. Foster 
were not satisfactory. John Thompson was nomi- 
nated for State senator, and Nathan J. Mitchell 
for Assembly, upon an anti-liquor ticket. This, 
however, did not vary the usual result in the county : 
George W. Woodward for supreme judge had ten 
hundred and thirty-nine majority. Foster for Assem- 
bly ran one hundred and twelve ahead of the State 
ticket. Mr. Mitchell carried the county north of 
Muncy Mountain except Rush and Snow Shoe hand- 
somely, and Harris township, Half-Moon, and Belle- 
fonte borough south of Muncy Mountain, but made 
no impression on the Democratic ranks of Penn's 
and Brush valleys. In November the Pierce electors 
had ten hundred and seventy-seven majority over the 
Scott electors. Col. James Burnside was on the 
Pierce and King electoral ticket. 

October 24th, the new Methodist Episcopal Church 
was dedicated in Bellefonte. Bishop E. S. Janes 
preached the dedicatory sermon from Ezra vi. 16. 
After him followed Rev. Henry Slicer, of Baltimore, 
who succeeded in securing enough money subscribed 
to pay the debt, about §2508.19. George W. Tate 
was the architect of the building. 

The Agricultural Society of Centre County having 
been started anew, the first exhibition under this or- 
ganization took place at Bellefonte, October 6th, 7th, 
and 8th. The executive committee consisted of H.N. 
McAllister, James Gordon, James Armor, Mordecai 
Waddle, J. G. Louriraore, and John S. Forster; 
George Boal, president ; George Buchanan, secretary ; 
and James F. Weaver, assistant secretary. The fair 
was held on Mr. McAllister's farm, east of Bellefonte, 
he having tendered the use of his field, farmhouse, 
and barn free of charge. 

Feb. 11, 1853, a large meeting was held at Old Fort 
favorable to a railroad from Lewisburg through 
Penn's valley. Hon. George Boal, president; 
H. S. Gross, Dr. Charles Smith, vice-presi- 1853. 
dents ; Col. John Love and J. I. Gregg, secre- 
taries. The meeting was addressed by Gen. James 
Irvin, Gen. George Buchanan, David Duncan, and 
Judge John Hasson. The act incorporating the 
Lewisburg, Centre and Spruce Creek became 
a law April 12, 1853. The Centre Democrat said, "It 
is very doubtful whether it will ever be opened." 

Benner township was erected out of Spring at 
April sessions, 1853, — a mere division of Spring town- 
ship by a line running from near Purdue's Gap 
southeasterly to Nittany Mountain. 

Railroads. — In 1853 there arose a rivalry between 
the people of Bald Eagle valley and those of Penn's 
valley in securing railroad facilities. The Lock 
Haven and Tyrone Company was authorized by act 
of 2Gth February, and the Lewisburg, Centre and 
Spruce Creek by act of April 12th. Preliminary 
surveys were made on both. The Penn's valley sur- 
vey was commenced at Lewisburg by John M. Sheafer, 
assistant engineer, May 13th. In a report thereof he 
says from the head of Penn's Creek Narrows to 
Spring Mills the line is a good one. Near Spring 
Mills the line strikes Sinking Creek, and follows it to 
near Centre Hill, which is the summit between Penn's 
Creek and Spring Creek, and the first summit of any 
consequence which is encountered from Lewisburg, a 
distance of forty -seven and a half miles. The heaviest 
grades necessary to overcome this summit will be 
fifty-two and eight-tenths per mile; ascending from 
Sinking Creek for about two and a half miles, and 
thirty-three feet per mile ; descending to Spring Creek, 
at or near Boalsburg, for three miles. From Boals- 
burg to Pine Grove, which is on the summit between 
Spring Creek and Spruce Creek, the steepest grade 
will be thirty-three feet per mile, and from Pine 
Grove to the mouth of Spruce Creek need not exceed 
thirty-three feet per mile. 



The Lock Haven and Tyrone Eailroad Company 
organized on the 10th of May, at Tyrone, — Maj. D. K. 
Jackinan, president; William H. Blair, secretary and 
treasurer, — and a survey was made by J. 1\[. McMinn, 
Esq., in July. He reports the summit of the road at 
Weaver's, at the source of the two Bald Eigle Creeks, 
forty-five miles from Lock Haven, and five hundred 
and sixty-four and eight-tenths feet above the waters 
of the canal in tliat city. The summit is two hun- 
dred and three feet liigher than the rails on the Penn- 
sylvania Railroad at Tyrone, a descent of twenty -six 
feet per mile down Little Bald Eagle Creek. From 
the summit to Milesburg he found the fall of Bald 
Eagle Creek to be eighteen feet per mile, from Miles- 
burg to Lock Haven six feet per mile, and no route 
in the State combining so many valuable advantages 
for a railroad. 

In August, 1853, the dysentery prevailed to an 
alarming extent in Buffalo Bun and Bald Eagle, 
the interments in the cemetery at Bellefonte amount- 
ing to ten a day for several weeks. Mr. Harris made 
forty coffins in one month at Bellefonte. 

In August, Col. Andrew Gregg was nominated by 
the Whigs and by the Temperance men as their can- 
didate for Assembly, and made an excellent run. 
The Democratic majority in the State ticket, October 
11th, for John C. Knox supreme judge was eleven 
hundred and seventeen, while Dr. Foster only had 
three hundred and seventy over Mr. Gregg. 

Log'-Floating. — With this year came the era of log- 
floating, which encountered violent opposition. A 
large meeting was held in Snow Shoe at the Askey 
school-house, presided over by (Perry) John Lucas; 
William Holt, Esq., and William Askey, vice-presi- 
dents, and AV'illiam Stewart, secretary. Dr. James 
Irvin made an address setting forth the grievances 
and injurious results of floating loose logs, and one 
of the resolutions " determined that at all hazards to 
our person and property the floating of loose logs in 
the Moshannon Creek shall from this night cease."^ 
John Askey and eleven others were appointed a 
committee to stop the grievance, "peaceably if they can, 
forcibly if they Jiiiist." 

An able address by Thomas H. Fulton, Esq., of 
Clearfield County, made to a lumberman's meeting in 
Karthaus township on the Fourth of July, states the 
settlers' side of the argument: "Let us examine for a 
moment the ruinous efl'ects log-floating would have on 
the development and prosperity of our now flourish- 
ing and interesting county if our ancient system of 
lumbering must go down and be superseded by the 
floating of loose logs out of the river. 

" The question naturally suggests itself. Who will buy 
those logs, who will pay for them, and where are they 
to be run to and manufactured into lumber? Will 
they be purchased, owned, floated, and manufactured 
into lumber by the labor and capital of the citizens of 

our county ? Will the net proceeds derived from the 
business be brought back and divided among the bone 
and sinew of our country, the hardy sons of toil, as it 
now is under our present system of lumbering? The 
whole working of the system will be the very reverse. 
The business of buying must all be done by mill- 
owners and boom-owners. The whole thing must be 
monopolized by a few foreign capitalists, who must 
locate themselves along the river from Lock Haven 
to Northumberland, erect booms in the river, and 
build mills sufficient to saw up, through the course of 
time, all the pine-trees in our country. Under aii 
arrangement of this kind the whole lumbering busi- 
ness of our country will be monopolized and con- 
trolled by a few wealthy, aristocratic capitalists, who 
are strangers to us, who will not become citizens of 
our counfry, whose feelings, sympathies, and interest 
are not with us, but must naturally be directed against 
our interest and prosperity. 

" In justice to ourselves, our country, and our pros- 
perity, we should cause the log-floaters to desist. If 
through our supineness and indifference to our inter- 
ests we let the thing run on a few years longer, it will 
then have arrived at a point beyond oiir reach and 
control. The time is here that requires firm, decided, 
and unwavering action. Anotlicryear or two, and you 
will see hundreds of thousands of dollars invested in 
closing the river below with new booms and building 
new saw-mills, . . . and hundreds and thousands of 
the honest, struggling sons of toil engaged in this 
country in the lumbering business, who, through the 
aid of our system, will be able to secure for them- 
selves comfortable and easy homes through life, that 
would bo compelled to seek other and new callings 
to obtain a livelihood." . . . 

Further he argues: "Neither is the log-floating 
system the interest of the laboring portion of our 
country. To give support to the system t!icy would 
not, as now, be employed in the spring to run lumber. 
Many of them have learned to navigate our river, and 
reduced it to a science, — made a regular and grand pro- 
fession of it. All this would be lost to them wholly if 
the floating system must be adf);)teJ. The hundreds 
and thousands of dollars spent in blowing out rocks 
and making this river fit for navigation would then 
be of no avail. 

"Gentlemen, the floating system is impracticable, 
and not adapted to our country, our streams, or our 
roads. It is all wrong, mad wrong from beginning 
to end ; and the sooner we bring it to a close the 
better it will be for ourselves, our country, and those 
who are engaged in it, and others who are about en- 
tering into it. I will venture to say there is not a 
school-boy in our land to-day but will tell you it is 
impossible to float our square timber from the head 
of streams to Port Deposit, owned as it is by hundreds 
of different individuals, and its places of market and 
consumption at every landing and town from North- 
umberland to Port Deposit. Even if it could be floated 



down, it coulil not be stopped at those points wliere 
needed ; neither would the owners be able to recognize 
it. No; you might as well attempt to lay a telegraph 
■wire to the moon, and to converse with the inhabit- 
ants of the lunar world, as to attempt floating square 
timber down this river and make it pay the owners, 
and su|)ply the Eastern market as we do." 

Time has long since silenced these objections. The 
anticipated curse was a blessing. The rafting busi- 
ness, whicli kept htilf the people of Clearfield drunk 
down the river several of the best months of the 
year, has wellnigh disappeared. The besom that 
swept away their lumber disclosed at its roots coal 
that has made or will make Clearfield one of the 
richest and most prosperous counties in the State. 

Temperance Mestin^fs.— In September " the Big 
Tent" was brought -into Centre County, and a series 
of temperance meetings advocating a prohibitory 
liquor law were held in different parts of the county. 
In Belk'fonte it was pitched upon the common near 
the Lutheran Church, and a laige meeting held under 
it. Hon. John Hasson presided, with Casper Peters, 
of Union township, Hamilton Humes and David 
Mitchell, of- Bellefonte, Archibald JIcMullen. of 
Boggs, Robert Pennington, of Potter, and William 
Foresmaii, of Snow Shoe, vice-presidents; William 
Thompson, of Harris, and Thomas Burnside, of Belle- 
fonte, secretaries; William Nicholson, of Philadelphia, 
was the principal speaker. 

In October, Monday 23d, occurred the earliest snow- 
storm (if which we have any record here. It com- 
menced in the morning and continued falling all day, 
clothing the earth in the habiliment of winter, and 
antici|)ating the bleak weather of Deceuiber. 




April l.jtii, occurred the remarkable snow-storm. 
The buds and blossoms were unfolding and garden 
being made after a season of very fine 
1854. weather. On Friday a cold rain fell, which 
changed on Saturday, loth, to sleet, which 
continued to fall all day ; on Sunday the snow was 
nine inches deep. It continued to snow until noon of 
Monday, reaching a depth of twenty inches. The 
storm was accompanied by wind i'rom the northeast. 
On Tuesday, 17th, the sun came out, and it soon dis- 
appeared. A similar storm is said to have occurred 
on the last of March, 1807. 

Political. — Governor Bigler was renominated by 
the State Convention of the Democracy for Governor, 
J. S. Black nominated forsupremejudge, and Henry S. 
Mott for canal commissioner. The WhigState Conven- 
tion put in nomination James Pollock for Governor 
on the 15th of March. The chairman of the conven- 

tion, ex-Governor Johnston, appointed Hon. A. G. 
Curtin, of Centre, chairman of the State Committee. 
In July hints came out of the formation of a singular 
fraternity, the " Know-Nothings," and in August it 
wfis reported to have two hundred members in Belle- 

July 2G, 1854, Hamilton Humes & Son completed 
their Logan Mill, a stone fiouring-mill on Logan 
Branch, beyond Mann's axe-factory, and commenced 
grinding flour there. 

The D.^mocratic county nominations were made in 
August. Hon. S. Stohecker, for Congress; A.ssembly, 
Maj. John Neff, of Potter; Sheriff', J. G. Larimer; 
Prothonotary, J. S. Barnhart; Register and Recorder, 
Michael Shaffer, Jr., of Walker ; Commissioner, D. 
Kimport, of Harris; Auditor, Christian Marks, of 
Half-Moon. M. P. Crosthwaite, it was alleged, fiiiled 
to get the nomination for register and recorder be- 
cause he had voted for Andrew Gregg, temperance 
candidate for the Legislature last year. A paper 
signed by a large number of Democrats requested 
him to run as an independent candidate. On Septem- 
ber 12th the Whig County Convention met, Henry 
Keller presiding, and resolved that it was inexpedient 
to nominate a county ticket. The Whig Congressional 
Conference also declined tonominatea candidate, and 
Rev. John J. Pierce, of Clinton County, appeared as an 
independent candidate against Allison White, and a 
full independent county ticket appeared on the mast of 
the Demacralic W/iiff, as Ibllows : Assenibly, David C. 
Boal ; Sheriff', Mordecai Waddle; Prothonotary, George 
B. Weaver ; Register and Recorder, M. P. Cros- 
thwaite; Auditor, L. C. Rankin. Jonathan Creamer 
and R. D. Cummings were also iiidependent candi- 
dates for sheriff'. As the results of tiie election, held 
Oct. 11, 1854, will always have interest, the official 
return is reproduced of the vote for su;)reme judge, 
and of the vote for and against prohibition of the 
sale of liquors: 

Black. Smyser. Uiiiiil. 


i ^ 



For Governor: Pulloik . 2774 

lliKler 2ll:i 

For Assembly: DoiiN 2*17 

Ned V.II17 

Wii.l.lli' 275:', 

WuiivcM- 21)19^ 

CruKtIiwaito 2KM 

Diividsim 2802 

The vote for Henry S. Mott, tbe Democratic can- 
didate for canal commissioner, was 4481 ; Darsie, tlie 
regular Whig candidate, received 391 votes in the 

At the spring election held February IGth, the 
mysterious " Sam" seemed to be about. In every 
township in the county except Haines the 
1855. Know-Nothing ticket was elected, and in 
Haines its candidate for justice of the peace 
was only defeated by a small m;ijority. Spring town- 
ship was carried without opposition. In Huston, 
"Sam's" men were elected by seventy-six majority, 
the Democrats polling one vote and the Whigs two. 

The grand jury having recommended on several 
occasions, particularly at January term, an alteration 
of her court-house to accommodate increase of busi- 
ness, the commissioners in April contracted with 
George W. Tate, architect, of BjUefonte, for the re- 
pairs, which were substantially the erection of a new 
building, at $9528, to be ready for use at next January 

In the spring of 1855 the military spirit of this 
county had quite departed, Bellel'onte had no compa- 
nies, and the review of the Second Volunteer Bat- 
talion, Col. P. B. Wilson, Maj. J. A. Fugate, on 
Saturday, May 26th, only embraced the Warrior's 
Mark Cavalry under Capt. Gates, and the Penn's 
Valley Cadets, Capt. Shaetfer. 

The locusts appeared in Centre County in the latter 
part of June and remained about ten weeks. A hail- 
storm which occurred on the 6th of July, making 
fires and overcoats comfortable on the 9th of July, 
hastened their departure. 

Tiie Fourth of July was celebrated with great spirit 
at Pine Grove Mills. Mrs. Jane Patton, the oldest 
inhabitant of that part of the county, had a special 
invitation to be present, but feebleness of age pre- 
vented. Rev. D. Mosser presided, Rev. T. Stevenson 
was vice-president, and John Bell, secretary. The 
Declaration of Independence was read by John B. 
Davidson, and the oration delivered by J. Elias 

The Good Templars, Temple of Honor, and Sons 
of Temperance, in conjunction with the Sabbath- 
schools and citizens of Milesburg, also observed the 
day. James Alexander presided; Thaddeus Brea and 
John Foresman, vice-presidents; John Curtin and 
James F. Weaver, acting as secretaries. The Decla- 
ration was read by James S. Hall, and Professor A. 
K. Browne, of Howard, delivered the oration. Grin 
T. Kuble, of Beech Creek, entertained the Sabbath- 
school scholars with interesting remarks. 

The Howard Lodge of Good Templars also, with 

the Pleasant Hill Sabbath-school, celebrated the day 
at the camp-ground near Frederick PJetcher's. John 
P; Packer presided ; Willliani R. Jenkins and J. M. 
Barnhart, vice-presidents; John F. Montgomery and 
Thomas Moffley, secretaries; T. T. Abrams, Esq., of 
Lock Haven, was the orator, the Declaration having 
been read by S. W. Pletcher. Elder Nathan J. 
Mitchell addressed the Sabbath-school. 

July was a remarkably wet month. From the 20th 
of July to the 5th of August it mined continuously. 
Grain sprouted and was a good deal damaged. Last 
year the drouth was quite as remarkable. Harvest was 
delayed until in August, and oats harvest commenced 
about the 12th. 

Rev. Dr. William J. Gibson, superintendent of 
common schools for the county, in his report of Au^. 
10, 1855, puts on record the names of some of the ex- 
emplary school-teachers of the year, as follows : John 
Bell, in Half-Moon District; John H. Stover, in 
Spring; M. A. Reber, Howard District, having charge 
of the school at Mechanicsville; Milton Campbell 
and Samuel 8. McCartney, of Ferguson District, and 
J. B. Ellis and Charles Hill, of the same district; 
Samuel Gramly, of Miles ; Grin T. Noble, of Liberty ; 
Samuel Kline, of Marion; John S. Bathurst, of H:ir- 
ris; C. P. W. Fisher, of Potter; James S. Hall, of 

August term of court was held in the basement of 
the Methodist Church. It was on this occasion Mr. 
McAllister's "sleeve caught the new inkstand (pre- 
sented by some one)" and ruined the road papers for 
that term. 

The Democratic County Convention met on the 
28th of August. After each member of the conven- 
tion had pledged himself that he did not now nor in- 
tended to belong to the "Know-Nothings," the fol- 
lowing ticket was put in nomination : Assembly, 
John Gilliland, of Potter; Treasurer, Isaac Bnfiing- 
ton, of Milesburg; Commissioner, Henry Mover, of 
Harris ; Auditor, John P. Packer, of Howard. 

On the 27th, at a meeting held at the B„»llefonte 
Academy, the Centre County Carson League was 
formed. Hon. John Watson presided ; Camper Pe- 
ters, of Union; George W. Meek, of FergUion ; James 
Alexander, of Milesburg; John Thompson, of Half- 
Moon ; W. A. Davidson, of Buggs; William S. Har- 
ter, of Penn ; Peter Wilson, of Gregg, and David 
Mitchell, of Bellefonte, vice-presidents ; George Jack, 
of Harris, and Abram Elder, of Half-JIoon, secre- 
taries. The object of the league was to secure the 
passage of a prohibitory liquor law; meanwhile to 
secure the faithful enforcement of all laws regulating 
the liquor traffic. A fund of one hundred thousand 
dollars and upwards was to be raised in equal shares 
of one hundred dollars, the sum thus subscribed to be 
assessed to pay the expenses of the association. 

August 8tli, the Centre Dragoons, a cavalry com- 
pany raised in Bellefonte, was inspected by Mtij. J. B. 
Fisher, and the following officers elected: Captain, R. 



D. Cummings ; first lieutenant, Isaac Lose ; second 
lieutenant, Joseph Sourbeck ; corporal, Silas Reecli. 

The " Americans" held their convention in Belle- 
fonte, September 12th, and nominated for Assembly, 
Jacob Struble, of Walker ; for Treasurer, George Liv- 
ingston, of Bellefonte ; Commissioner,Henry Keller, of 
Harris; Auditor, Daniel Hess, of Gregg, and instructed 
conferees for Col. Andrew Gregg fur State senator. 
This party elected its complete county ticket in Oc- 
tober. Nicholson, candidate for canal commissioner, 
had 182 majority over Plunier. The evenness of the 
vote was remarkable. Nicholson had 2033, Gregg (for 
senator) 2080, Struble 2028, Livingston 2031, Keller 
2020, Hess 2035. There was also a vote for and 
against a county poor-house: For, 1591; against, 
2014. Col. Andrew Gregg had 90 majority in the 
district over A. J. Deitrick. 

The Democracy were w-ithout an organ at the 
county-seat for about one year, when on the 2Sth of 
November, 1855, Henry Hays issued the Democratic 
Watchman in an office in the Brockerhoft' Eow, oppo- 
site the Conrad House. AVien Foruey became asso- 
ciate editor with the second number. Hon. S. T. 
Shugert, then acting commissioner of pensions at 
AV^ashington, was the projector of the paper and owner 
of the material. 

Jan. 7, 1857, John T. Hoover became proprietor 
and editor of the Watcliman, Henry Hays retiring. 
John T. Hoover retired, and was succeeded by S. S. 
Seely, of Jersey Shore, and B. R. Hall, of Centre 
County, June 4, 1857. Mr. Hall retired October 22d, 
and J. Smith Barnhart became associate editor, and 
it was published by Seely and Barnhart until May 9, 
18G1, when the establishment was purchased by S. T. 
Shugert, John T. Hoover, Dr. Samuel Strohecker, 
John HofTcr, and C. T. Alexander. They leased it to 
P. Gray Meek and C. T. Alexander. Mr. Meek with- 
drew in August, and was succeeded by Joseph W. 
Furey, Dec. 5, 1861. July 10, 1862, the interest of 
Strohecker, HofTer, and Alexander was purchased by 
P. Gray Meek, and Mr. Alexander retired. Oct. 18, 
1862, P. Gray Meek became sole projjrietor. 

Anti-Jug-Law Meeting. — The following record of 
the proceedings of a meeting in Aaronsburg is taken 
vei-batim from L. Kurtz's Dcmo/jratischer Jierichter, pub- 
lished at Aaronsburg, Oct. 5, 1855, as illustrative of 
the temper and spirit of the people of eastern Penn's 
valley : 

'TiiJaj-, Iho 2Slli of Spptsiubcr, was a groat day for tlie citizens of 
Aaronsburg and of Centre County, it liitviiig been the time fixed npon 
for llolJilig a meeting of tljo freemen of old Centre in orposilion to llie 
infamous jug law, and to show their disaiiprubalion to prcuchcrs min- 
gling in politics. 

"The weather was very flue; a brighter snn never shed his congenial 
rays npon mother earlh. The gathering numbered from flfleen huudred 
to two tliousand of the most respectable farmers and mechanics of old 
Centre; the meeting was orderly and well conducted, which iho honest 
portion of the opposition does not hesitate to acknowledge. 

"At 9.30 A.M. an eastern breeze, carrying with it the charming music 
of the Freeburg Brass Baud, told that the Haines township delegation 
was .approaching, and its entrance into our village was a glorious and 

grand one, — one hundred and twenty-five of tlie finest llorseB, enc7( one 
mantd imd decorated loHli a fla,j, made up this delegation. Besides this 
beautiful coi tege, old Haines was represented by aljont the same number 
ofpersonswlioeame in fn.m the country on foot. Well done, old Haines! 
hmg will your delegation be remembered by all who were an eye-witness 
of its entrance into Aaronsburg. 

" The Haines township delegation passed through our village and pro- 
ceeded to Hilllieim. where they awaited the ariival of the delegations 
from Binsh valley, Penn, Ciegg, Potter, etc. These delegations wero 
also very large, and abounded in flags anil banners. The delegatiotis 
were then escorted to Aatonsburg I'y the horsemen from Haines. Gen. 
George Buchainin was cliief tnar-hal fir the upper townships, and Cols. 
J. Wolf and G. Kurtz do. for Haines. 

'■ The large string of wagons, buggies, and liorscs a bitter pill for 
out petty little sanliedrini, but they had to take it, — there wafi no hiding 
in the corn-fields this time. 

" About one o'clock the meeting was organized, and the following gen- 

; ch.i 


" President, Oen. George Buchanan. 

"Vice-rrcsidents, Judge Strohecker, Samuel Sliafer, George Hnbler, 
John Kremer, George Shafer, John Weaver, of Wiles. 

"Gregg: Adam Fisher, Frederick Heckman, John Grove, Isaac Het- 

" Potter : 5[aj. John NefT, Uriah Slack, Henry Witmer, Col. W. Love, 
John Taylor. 

" Walker: John Orr, John Swartz, John G. Swartz, Dr. Peter Smith. 

" Penn : George Swartz, Robert Smith, Michael Gebhart, Michael Stover. 

"Haines: John Kremer, P. c, Samuel Miller, John Moyer, Samuel 
Martin, Michael Dangherty. 

"Secretaries, J G. My.r, Juliu C. Wolf, Maj. J. B. Fisher. 

" The cliuirlnan slat.d tlie ol ject of the meeting, and submitted .= omo 
very appiopiiate remarks in ri giird to siinijitnary laws enacted in oppo- 
sition to the expressed will nf the |ie..]ile. 

"Capt. Jacob Ziegb-r, fioin llin i iM.uig, was then introduced, and 
spoke lor about two and a lialt hunts. He dwelt ably and eloquently 
npiin tlie subject of snnie ministers i.f the gospel debasing their calling 
by meddling in politics, calling p.ililical meeting.s, and mounting the 
slump. He clearly explained to tli.nn the path which they are com- 
miudedtiiiinisiieliy the Holy Scii|diiie. While the captain dwelt thus 

bravely iil Ihi. snl je. t, his renitu Us riveted the attention ofthoenliro 

assemlily, anil all seiineil to say, ' Vcs, captain, you are right.' After ho 
got throii^li w.lh liulpit pnlilicians hi- turned his attention to the tem- 
perance nnivenieut, which he proved to be a sheer humbug and a matter 
of speculation by the Jlaiiie law advocates, and ably demonstrated the 
unjustness and uucon-^tilntionality of the jug hiw and all entire prohib- 
itory li.iuur laws. The captain's rennirks wore well received and will 
leave a f.ivorable and lasting impression npon the audience. 

"The committee tlien reported the lollotting preamble and resolu- 
tions, wliich were read, as Ibllows: 

*' \Viit-:Ki-:AS, We regiird the late act of Assembly, restrtiining the sale 
of liquor, or the enactment of an entire prohiliitory liquor law, as un- 
just, arbitrary, and unconstitutional, antagonistic in its operations to 
the best interests of the firmer, and a direct invasion upon onr rights, 
and an unwarranted infringenieiit up m our p 'rsoual, inherent liberties 
and privileges, bequeathed to ns by our Creator, and guaranteed to ns 
by our country's Constitnliun.— the nobU-st fabric of our forefatlio:-8. 
And,, to express our dsapprobation of the Christian ministry 
wantoidy deserting the sacred desk and aspiring b) political office, ami 
their interim-ddlins in p .lilies and affaiis of sla'e, with which the 
Clili-tiaii chiiicli has iian-lit lo ilu, inasniinh as sncli niiuecessa'y aud 
unanlliori/.ed internieiMliii- uii llnir pait must inevitably result in a 
relrogres.-ion of the Christian religion; and their example, by thus 
abandoning the responsible posts a3^iglled them by Almighty God, in 
surrendering tliemselves to the dictjites of political fanaticism, thereby 
sowing discord, dissension, and enmity in their coDgregatione, and 
among their fellow-men, "ill rvniiually be the means of overthrowing 
and entirely destroying tin- f iuiid.ili,in..r the Chrisliau faith, and result 
in the subversion of our republican lorin of government. Therefore, 

" Resolved, Tluit we arc opposed lo all class and special legislation, by 
wliich a few are benefited at the expense of the many, and the law- 
making power of the government prostituted to private Bl»ecuhition and 

" Itesohed, That we believe true morality and Cliristianily are only 
jiromoted by moral suasion, and that all attempts to force the people into 
measures against their will and judgment are pernicious in tlieir con- 
sequences, and calculatiil to luecd dissensions and disputes in our midst, 

" R.sohed, That the late act of Assembly deuoniiuated the ' Jug Law,' 



nithoiigli not entirely proliibifGry in its clinracter, yet is clearly in oppo- 
eitioii t<i the declaieil will of the people, besitlea being a fruitful means 
of niaking drunkards by tlio wholesale." 

The proceedings of the annual meeting of the 
Centre County Agricultural Society, held Jan. 23, 
1855, are interesting, as bearing directly upon the 
establishment of Pennsylvania State College within 
tlie bounds of Centre County. Hon. George Boal was 
re-elected president, with a vice-president from each 
township; D. Pruner, treasurer ; George Buchanan, 
secretary; and James F. Weaver, assistant secretary ; 
after which H. N. McAllister, Esq., offered the fol- 
lowing resolution : 

" That tlie establishment of an Agricultural High 
School for the education of farmers at an expense 
within the means of the great majority of the agri- 
cultural community is greatly to be desired ; and that 
our representative in the Senate and in the House of 
Representatives at Harrisburg are specially requested 
to vote for the organization of such school in some 
practicable form, with a suitable appropriation by 
the State for the endowment of the same." 

This resolution was discussed by Mr. McAllister, 
Bond Valentine, Judge Burnside, Gen. Buchanan, 
Hon. George Boal ; after which Gen. James Irvin 
took the iioor, and concluded some animating re- 
marks by offering to donate two hundred and fifty 
acres of land in Centre County near Centre Furnace 
for t'le proposed school, provided the same was estab- 
lished in Centre County. On the 22d of February, 
Gen. Irvin reduced his proposition to writing, wiiich 
was presented at a meeting of the executive commit- 
tee of the Pennsylvania Agricultural Society, and re- 
ferred to the trustees of the Farmers' High Scliool. 

On the 20th of June a committee of the trustees of 
the Farmers' High School, consisting of Governor 
Pollock, Hon. Frederick Watts, and Dr. A. L. Ehvyn, 
accompanied by Hon. William Jessup, Hon. A. O. 
Hiester, R. C. Walker, Esq., and others, visited Centre 
County for the purpose of examining the farms offered 
by Gen. Irvin. Gen. Irvin ofJ'cred them the choice of 
three farms. After the farms were examined the 
trustees and all the company repaired to the dwell- 
ing-house of Moses Thompson, at Centre Furnace, 
where one hundred and fifty persons were entertained 
by a sumptuous dinner prepared by Mrs. Thompson. 
On the 12th of September the board selected the 
farm of two hundred acres offered by Gen. Irvin, 
with a pre-emption for five years of two hundred 
acres adjoining, to be accompanied with a donation 
of $10,000, guaranteed by H. N. McAllister, Hon. 
A. G. Curtin, and Gen. Irvin on behalf of Centre and 
Huntingdon Counties. 

The building committee, consisting of Frederick 
Watts, H. N. McAllister, and Jaine.s Miles, gave notice 
that proposals would be received for the college edi- 
fice and barn ou the 7th of February, 18-36. The barn 
was let at $3500 ; James Ward, Bernard McLain, and 
George W. Tate, of Bellefonte, received the contract. 

Turner & Natcher were the contractors for the col- 
lege edifice, commenced in June, 1856. In tlie latter 
year the funds received were, from the State Society 
$10,000; from the citizens of Centre County $10,000; 
from the Commonwealth $25,000; from the estate of 
Elliot Crcsson ?5000. 

The Farmers' High School (then) was opened Feb. 
10, 1859, with W. G. Waring, general superintendent 
and Professor of Agriculture and Horticulture; J. S. 
Whitman, Professor of Natural Sciences; Samuel 
Baird, Professor of Mathematics; and R. C. Allison, 
Professor of English Literature. 



Humes, McAllister, Hale & Co.'s Banking Firm. 

— The popular demand for banking conveni- 
ences was strongly revived, and, in accord- 1856. 
ance therewith, A. G. Curtin, H. N. Mc- 
Allister, J. T. Hale, and E. C. Humes, Feb. 7, 1850, 
organized a private bank, as Humes, BIcAUister, 
Hale & Co. They obtained the services of W. M. 
Murray, of Pittsburgh, as cashier, who remained 
with them until June 10, 1858, when he was suc- 
ceeded by John P. Harris (who was clerk) as 
cashier. The enterprise prospered from the outset, 
and took rank at once as one of the safe and solid 
banking institutions of the country. Until 1864 the 
bank was a private corporation, and remained con- 
tinuously in the hands of the original partners, E. C. 
Humes being the president and J. P. Harris the 
cashier. June 8, 1864, the four members named, in 
conjunction with J. A. Beaver and Adam Hoy, or- 
ganized the First National Bank of Bellefonte under 
the United States National Bank Act. 

In March a town clock, costing the borough about 
seven hundred dollars, was placed in the cupola of 
the court-house in Bellefonte. 

Bellefonte Gas Company. — The Bellefonte Gas 
Company was incorporated April 11, 1856, and at a 
meeting of the corporators, on the 10th of May, Ed- 
mund Blanchard was elected president; Bond Valen- 
tine, treasurer ; and Jacob V. Thomas, secretary. In 
June this company purchased a lot at the corner of 
Spring and Lamb Streets, and contracted with Mr. 
William Helme, of Philadelphia, to put up the works, 
to be finished by the 1st of November, at the con- 
tract price of sixteen thousand five hundred dollars. 
Robert McKnight was appointed superintendent in 
November, 1856. The Tyrone and Clearfield Rail- 
road Ct.)mpany was organized May 5, 1856, with 
James T. Hale as president ; William Bagshaw, 
secretary; James E. Montgomery, chief engineer; 
and Josiah W. Small, Esq., treasurer. 



Bellefonte Cemetery.— On the 3d of May, James 
Burnside, Edward C. Humes, James T. Hale, and 
H. N. McAllister purchased between four and five 
acres adjoining the Bellefonte graveyard, and fenced 
it with a view to the formation of a cemetery. A 
meeting of the citizens was held on the 14th of June, 
and a resolution passed to connect the old graveyard 
therewith by removing the east fence, and that the 
corporation to be formed, called " The Bellefonte 
Cemetery Association," should take charge of the 
grounds. The cost of the purchase was $1313.24, 
and it was resolved that a further sum of $1686.76, 
making 13000 in all, could be properly expended in 
laying out and ornamenting the grounds. The stock 
was to be $3000, divided into sixty shares of $50 each. 

Political— First Eepublican Mass-Meeting.— 
The first mass-meeting of the Republican party was 
held in Bellefonte August 25th. John Thompson, of 
Half-Moon, presided. The vice-presidents were Fred- 
erick Burkert, of Miles ; Daniel Kuhns, of Liberty ; 
John B. Holloway, of Haines; James Ward, of 
Spring; Daniel Hess, of Gregg; Isaac Gray, of 
Half-Moon ; Jacob B.aker, of Howard ; Arthur Fores- 
man, of Liberty; Daniel MeOinley, of Bellefonte; 
0. C. Price, of Milesburg ; S. A. Brew, of Half- 
Moon ; Stephen McGonigle, of Taylor ; Henry Kel- 
ler, of Harris ; and John Baily, of Ferguson. Secre- 
taries, P. Benner Wilson, of Bellefonte; John C. 
Motz, of Haines; and J. M. Hunter, Esq., of Penn. 
Samuel Linn, H. N. McAllister, James T. Hale, 
and Gen. James Irvin were the speakers. The nom- 
inations of J. C. Fremont for President and W. L. 
Dayton for Vice-President were indorsed. 

The Democratic Convention met on the 26th of 
August, aud nominated tlie following county ticket: 
Congress, Dr. Benjamin J. Berry ; Assembly, John 
Smith, of Penn; Associate Judges, William Burch- 
field and Henry Barnhart, Sr. ; Commissioner, Jacob 
Pottsgrove ; District Attorney, James H. Eankin. 
William F. Packer was recommended for Governor. 
Allison White, of Clinton County, was nominated by 
the conferees of the district for Congress. The Re- 
publican nominees were, for Assembly, Jacob Struble, 
of Walker; Associate Judges, John Hasson, of Har- 
ris, John Adams, of Huston ; for Commissioners, 
Frederick Burkert, of Miles, J. F. Montgomery, of 
Howard; for District Attorney, William P. Wilson, 
of Bellefonte; for Surveyor, H. P. Treziyulny, of 
Milesburg; for Auditor, W. H. Swanzey, of Marion. 
W. A. Davidson, one of the county commissioners, 
died, and Jacob Ehrhartwas nominated by the Dem- 
ocrats for his unexpired term. 

Henry Harper, of Haines township, came with the 
Penn's valley delegation to the Democratic mass- 
meeting on the 24th of September, and while dining 
at the hotel, fell dead from his chair. • 

At the election in October, George Scott, for canal 
commissioner, had 2725 votes; Thomas E.Cochran, 
2404; and the county ticket without a variation of 

ten votes. For the lowest office on the ticket, the 
vote cast for William Kerr was 2725, and for W. H. 
Swanzey 2406, showing how closely party lines were 

The Fillmore and Fremont tickets were, at a Union 
Convention held on the 21st of October at Harrisburg, 
combined with Gen. James Irvin, of Centre Count}', 
as elector-at-large, with the name either of Fremont 
or Fillmore as the twenty-seventh elector, in order 
to determine the relative strength of the parties, and 
in case of success with the electoral ticket in the 
State the vote to be cast accordingly and proportion- 

In Centre County the Democratic or Buchanan 
electors received 2895 votes ; the straight American 
or Fillmore ticket, 552 ; on the Union ticket, Fre- 
mont, 390, Fillmore, 1400 ; Buchanan's majority over 
all, 553. 

Lock Haven and Tyrone Railroad. — That por- 
tion of the Look Haven and Tyrone Railroad be- 
tween Bellefonte and Tyrone was surveyed by John 
H. McMinn and a corps of engineers in October and 
November. A second act of incorporation was ob- 
tained Feb. 21, 1857. The commissioners met April 
13th and elected Dr. William LTnderwood, president ; 
James T. Hale, Gen. James Irvin, Harvey Mann, 
Dr. J. M. McCoy, W. H., Roland Curtin, 
E. C. Humes, J. T. Matthias, M. T. Millikin, L. A. 
Mackey, and John I. Thompson, managers. The 
managers then elected John T. Johnston, secretary ; 
Edmund Blanchard, treasurer; John MoMinn, en- 
gineer. The Western Division, with the Bellefonte 
Branch, thirty-three and one-fourth miles, was let to 
S. Brady & Co., for grubbing, grading, and finish- 
ing ready for the superstructure, $66,500, May 7th, 
and on Saturday afternoon succeeding, the president, 
with the engineer and corps, staked out one hundred 
feet of the road, and after reading the charter took 
formal possession by himself first breaking ground. 
All hands then went to work and graded the hundred 
feet. The Eastern Division of the road, between 
Milesburg and Lock Haven, was let to Samuel Brady, 
M.ay 20, 1858. 

Political. — Hon. William F. Packer, a nativo^bf 
Centre County, was nominated March 3d by the Dem- 
ocratic Convention at Harrisburg for Gover- 
nor ; his opponent was Hon. David Wilmot. 1857. 
A Republican meeting was held April 28th 
to indorse the nomination of David Wilmot. Hon. 
George Boal presided. Vice-Presidents were George 
Alexander, of Union ; John Hasson, of Harris ; Rich- 
ard Miles, of Liberty ; William Bell, of Spring; John 
Bailey, of Ferguson; Arthur Foresman, of Liberty; 
T. B. Rupert, of Walker, and John T. Johnson, of 
Bellefonte, secretaries. W. W. Brown, of Bellefonte, 
Peter Wilson, of Gregg, Henry McEwen, of Walker, 
William Levy, of Milesburg, and Frederick Burkert, 
of Miles, were the committee upon resolutions. Judge 
James T. Hale was the principal speaker. 



The nominations of both parties were made in 
August. The Republicans nominated Samuel Mc- 
Williams, of Ferguson, for Assembly ; Henry Mc- 
Ewen, of Walker, for sheriff; M. P. Crosthwaite for 
register and recorder; George B. Weaver for pro- 
thonotary ; William Baird, Jr., of Spring, for treas- 
urer ; George A. Stroup, of Harris, for commissioner. 

In October, William F. Packer's vote in the county 
was 26G3; David Wilmot, 2145. The vote for the 
county ticket did not vary much from that given for 
Governor on either ticket. Governor Packer's ma- 
jority in the State over Wilmot's and Hazelhurst's 
(Native) combined vote was 14,765, and the Demo- 
cratic majority on joint ballot in the Legislature was 
38. This ended what was known as the era of the 
American or Know-Nothing party reign in Pennsyl- 

Henry McLaughlin, former postmaster of Belle- 
fonte, was drowned on the 6th of July, in the river 
near Freeport, Illinois. He was seine-fishing and 
was attacked by cramp, as was supposed. He was 
engaged in the saddle and harness in Belle- 
fonte for a number of years, and was appointed post- 
master by President Polk. He removed from Centre 
County to Elk County, and there engaged in the 
lumber business, and about 1856 move! to Freeport. 
He left a son and a daughter in Elk Count}'. 

In September the great money crisis reached the 
central part of the State. The Lock Haven Bank 
suspended temporarily, and many other banks in the 



Om the 6th of October a grand military encamp- 
ment was held near Aaronsburg. Eight companies 
were in attendance : Washington Troop, Capt. Wolf; 
Centre Dragoons, Capt. Cummings ; Marion Infantry, 
Capt. Fisher; Brush Valley Guards, Capt. Faust; 
Centre Guards. Capt. Weaver ; Penn's Valley Cadets, 
Capt. Kepler; Washington Artillery, Capt. Eisen- 
huth ; Independent Troop, Lieut. Shaffer. The field- 
officers prese.nt were Gen. George Buchanan and staff. 
Col. Strohecker, Col. Wolf, Maj. Tolbert, Maj. Fisher, 
and Maj. Fugate. , 

Farmers' Mutual Insurance Company. — The 
Farmers' Mutual Insurance Company of Centre 
County, incorporated under act of April 24, 
1858. 1857, was organized Feb. 26, 1858, by electing 
the following board of directors : Henry Krebs, 
Samuel Hess, Philip Moyer, George W. Campbell, 
William Durst, Peter Hoffer, George Buchanan, Peter 
Zeigler, William C. Duncan, Amos Alexander, S. N. 
Strohecker, and Samuel Frank. On the 6th of March 

the board selected the following officers: President, 
George Buchanan; Vice-President, Philip Moyer; 
Treasurer, Henry Witmer ; Secretary, John Siian- 
non. Office of the company at Centre Hall. 

March 29tli, Allegheny and Bald Eagle Railroad 
Company (now Snow Shoe) let tlie whole of the Eastern 
Division, ten sections to William Fearon and Daniel 
Welch, the first two sections of the Western Division 
to John McDermot and Charles McCafferty, and the 
remainder of the Western Division, five sections, to 
George Graham, James Gilliland, and P. O. Laughlin. 
The trestle-work was taken by Robert Lipton, of 
Milesburg, at eight and three-quarter cents per cubic 
foot. The excavating was taken at eleven and twelve 
cents for earth, and rock at forty and forty-five cents 
per cubic yard. 

This road was located by William Harris, and to 
his untiring energy and perseverance in overcoming 
the many obstacles of location its successful accom- 
plishment is to be attributed. 

A new mail route was established in the spring of 
1858 from Bellefonte by way of Agricultural College 
to Pine Grove Mills. 

The charter of the " Nittany Association," the ob- 
ject of which was to protect its members against horse- 
stealing, was approved by the court Feb. 3, 1858. 
Its first officers were : President, John Swartz ; Vice- 
Presidents, George Brumgard, Henry Beck, and Zac- 
cheus Thomas ; Recording Secretary, A. Bartholomew ; 
Corresponding Secretaries, David Keller and William 
Myers ; Treasurer, George Shaffer; Branding Masters, 
jMichael Grove, George Swartz, and Samuel Best; In- 
spector of Arms, Samuel Walkey. 

The most notable local event of the year was the 
encampment of Gen. Buchanan's brigade at Camp 
Logan, on Valentine's Forge field, adjoining Belle- 
fonte, from 20th to 25th of September. Over eight 
hundred soldiers were in camp, and the visitors on 
review-day, Thursday, numbered over five thousand. 
The cavalry companies were Warriors Mark Cavalry, 
Capt. Hunter; Centre Dragoons, Capt. Cummings; 
Washington Troop, Capt. Wolf; Independent Troop, 
Capt. Dunlap; Nittany Troop, Capt. Smith; In- 
fantry, Bellefonte Fencibles, Capt. A. G. Curtin ; 
Nittany Blues, Capt. Tolbert; Washington Artil- 
lery, Capt. Eisenbaker; Brush Valley Guards, Capt. 
Faust ; Centre Guards, Capt. Weaver ; Marion In- 
fantry, Capt. Fisher; Penn's Valley Cadets, Capt. 
Kepler; Scott Infantry, Capt. George Dare, of Spruce 
Creek ; Union Guards, Capt. Joseph Johnston, of 
Petersburg; Lock Haveu Artillery, Capt. Jarret. 
Field-officers present: adjutant-general, E. C.Wilson ; 
inspector-general, Maj. Dodge; Maj.-Geu. John C. 
Watson, Fourteenth Division, with his aides, P. 
Benner Wilson and Maj. D. J. Nevling; staff, Maj. 
James S. Brisbin ; quartermaster, G. A. Garretson, 
division inspector, Lieut.-Col S. Doi-sey Green ; judge- 
advocate, Lieut. -Col. F. H. Lane; Brig.-Gen. George 
Buchanan, Third Brigade ; aides. Col. James P. 



Coburn, Col. C. P. W. Fisher; brigade inspector, 
Maj. J. B. Fisher; adjutant, William P. Macnianus; 
Maj.Gen. D. K. Jackman, of Eleventh Division, 
and staff, Col. John Smith and staff, etc. Among 
the pleasing incidents was a banquet given by the 
Fencibles to Gen. Jackman, his staff, and the Lock 
Haven Artillery. The oldest soldier in camp was 
Col. Andrew Gregg, who was in his sixty-ninth year. 
Hayes Hamilton gave a dinner at the Conrad House 
to Capt. Dare and his company, the Scott Infantry. 
Seventy-eight men at the table. Jere Butts was the 

May 26, 1858. After a number of meetings the 
name of " Bellefonte Fencibles" was adopted for a 
new military company raised in Bellefonte, and those 
present elected the following officers: Captain, W. M. 
Murray, by acclamation ; First Lieutenant, Dr. J. B. 
Mitchell; Second Lieutenant, William McClelland; 
Orderly Sergeant, E. M. Buchanan ; Music Sergeant, 
Cliarles "Bui lock; First Corporal, Isaac Way ; Second, Joseph Harris. It was organized July 10, 
1858, by Maj. Fisher, with A. G.Curtin ' as captain, vice 
W. M. Murray. A new cavalry company was also 
formed in Harris and Ferguson townships, called the 
Independent Dragoons: James Dunlap, captain; 
Daniel Wheeler, first lieutenant; Christian Mosch, 
second lieutenant. It was organized at Boalsburg, 
August 7th, by Maj. Fisher. Brig.-Gen. George Bu- 
clianan reorganized his staff as follows : Maj. Ed- 
mund Blancliard, judge-advocate; Maj. James P. 
Wilson, brigade surgeon ; Maj. C. P. W. Fisher, bri- 
gade quartermaster ; Capt. R. H. Duncan, brigade 
l)aymaster ; Col. James P. Coburn, aide-de-camp. 

The Democratic County Convention met on the 24th 
of August, Hon. William Burchfield, president; John 
Y. Forster and Maj. J. B. Fisher, secretaries. Dr. 
Samuel Strohecker was nominated for senator, Sam- 
uel Gilliland for Assembly, and Daniel Z. Kline for 
commissioner. The senatorial conferees agreed upon 
A. J. Dietrick, of Sullivan County, for senator. Jacob 
AV. Erhart, one of the county commissioners, having 
died, the convention was called together, and nomi- 
nated Thomas Wolf, of Miles township, for Mr. Er- 
hart's unexpired term, — two years. 

The Central Press.— September 3d, Wien Forney 
and J. G. Kurtz started the Central Press at Belle- 
fonte. A wide divergence had arisen in the Demo- 
cratic party, arising out of the Kansas policy of Mr. 
Buchanan, and what was termed the "Lecompton 
Swindle." Hon. Allison White had been a firm sup- 
porter of the administration, and Hon. James T. Hale 
was brought out in opposition to him for Congress. 
The Central Press, professing to be an independent 
political paper and not an independent Democratic 
paper, supported Judge Hale with very great ability 

1 Wlien Capt. Cuitin ivas elected Gorcrnor, in October, ISCO, Lieut. 
J. B. Blitcliell was elected captain, and William McClclIaud first lieuten- 
ant, and James A. Beaver second lieutenant. 

editorially, and with unexceptional tact and good 
judgment. Wien Forney retired Aug. 29, 1859, and 
Mr. Kurtz became sole editor and proprietor. John 
H. Stover, Esq., and James F. Riddle were associate 
editors, and Mr. Kurtz completed ten volumes in 
August, 1868, when he sold out the paper, and the 
name was changed to that of the Bellefonte National. 

The vote polled in the county in October was not 
a full one. In the strong Democratic townships it 
fell off considerably, while in the townships which 
gave Republican majorities the vote was full, and in 
some increased. The entire Republican ticket was 
elected. John M. Read, for supreme judge, had 304 
majority in the county ; James T. Hale, for Congress, 
641 ; Andrew Gregg, for senator, 536; Adam R. Bar- 
low, for Assembly, 297. Thomas Hutchinson and Fred- 
erick Burket were elected county commissioners, and 
Benjamin Shrack, auditor. The latter had 309niajority 
over Joseph Baker. James T. Hale's majority in the 
district was 1889, and Andrew Gregg's, 584. John M. 
Read, Republican candidate for supreme judge, car- 
ried the State by 26,968 majority. The State Senate 
stood 17 Democrats, IG Republicans; House, 32 Demo- 
crats, Republicans, 84 ; Republican majority on grand 
ballot, 36. In Congress twenty-one opposition mem- 
bers were elected to the House as against four regular 

On Friday evening, July 1st, Hon. James Burnside, 
president judge of this judicial district, was thrown 
from a buggy and instantly killed. Only a 
few minutes before the occurrence he had been 1859. 
on the street full of life, health, and vigor. 
He had been engaged during the day in making 
arrangements for the celebration of the Fourth of 

Judge Burnside was standing in front of his resi- 
dence with his wife and children, when his nephew, 
Harvey Mann, Jr., with his mother (a sister of Judge 
Burnside's), drove to and stepped out at the door. 
Mrs. Mann alighted, wdien an invitation was extended 
the judge by his nephew to take a seat in the buggy 
for an evening ride. Judge Burnside seemed to hesi- 
tate, and being assured there was no danger, he seated 
himself in the buggy, and before his nephew could 
seat himself by his side, and while in the act of step- 
ping in, the horse became frightened and started to 
run. Mr. Mann threw the lines to the judge, ahd the 
horse dashed off at a furious rate. At the corner, op- 
posite Rev. James Linn, where (1882) D. M. Wag- 
ner's residence now- is, in full view of the residence 
of Judge Burnside, where his wife and children and 
sister, Mrs. Mann, were standing, as the horse at- 
tempted to turn the corner one of the front wheels 
broke, upsetting the buggy and throwing the judge 
violently to the ground. Drs. McCoy, Potter, Mitch- 
ell, and Dobbins were promptly by his side, but he 
made but two or three convulsive gasps and ex- 

His remains were interred on Sabbath evening at 





five o'clock, accompanied by a large concourse of 
people, the Bellefonte bar, and members of the bar 
from other counties. 

Hon. James Gamble was appointed president judge 
iii July, by Governor Packer, to fill the vacancy 
caused by the death of Hon. James Burnside. In 
August the several conventions met. The Demo- 
cratic Convention was presided over by Hon. Samuel 
Strohecker. Seth Benner, William Allison, and John 
A. Hunter were placed in nomination for Assembly, 
and Seth Benner nominated on the third ballot. J. 
Gibson Larimer was nominated for county treasurer ; 
D. G.Bush, Esq., for district attorney ; Daniel Z. Kline, 
fur county commissioner; and Peter Hoffer, for audi- 
tor, and the judicial conferees instructed to vote for 
James Gamble for president judge. The Republicans 
renominated A. R. Barlow for Assembly, W. W. Brown 
for county treasurer; Joseph Fislier, of Boggs, for 
commissioner; Jere Mayes, of Half-Moon, for au- 
ditor; and John H. Stover, of Bellefonte, for district 
attorney, and recommended Hon. Samuel Linn for 
president judge. 

A singular aft'air occurred at Linn & McCoy's roll- 
ing-mill on Wednesday morning, August 24th, about 
seven o'clock. A man named Daniel Ihre thrust both 
of his arms between the blades of the shears, and in 
a moment both hands were cut off abnve the wrists. 
He was from Clearfield, and said he heard of these 
large shears at home, and walked to the forge for the 
purpose of cutting his hand.s off. He said they had 
ofl'ended against God and man, and he was afraid if 
he possessed them much longer he would be tempted 
by the devil to commit murder. He had already suf- 
fered imprisonment in the penitentiary on account 
of his hands, they having stolen horses against his 
will, for which he was tried and convicted at Lock- 
Haven. He stated that he had been in the rolling- 
mill the night before trying to open the gates to start 
the shears. When his coat was removed, it was found 
he had wound a handkerchief tightly around each 
arm, between the elbow and wrist, for the purpose of 
stopping the blood. 

September 10th, the Brady Guards, under Capt. 
Robert McFarlane, and the Penn's Valley Cadets, 
Capt. Brisbin, were united under the name of the 
Cameron Infantry, and organized by Brigade-In- 
spector Austin B. Snyder. 

At the October election, Judge Linn carried Centre 
County by 729[ majority, and the Republican State 
ticket, headed by Thomas E. Cochran for auditor- 
general, had 212 majority. The Republican county 
ticket was also elected down to county surveyor, E. 
Greene, who had 170 majority. 




White. Free Colored. Aggreg.ile. 
Male-. Ki-ni;ilc, 

Bcllcf.iiite n:,7 r.NS 132 H77 

Btiiiier 017 571 ;) IhPl 

ILejIgs SH7 7.W U ■ll--<l 

liuiiisiiie 2:17 ];i7 ... 434 

CiMtin 1.... Iii 112 ... 2)7 

FiTgnsoil 897 »<7 ... 1784 

Gies^' 7»4 771 1 l.'i.iO 

Iliiiiii'S -lit 741 I l.'ilO 

Iluir-Moou Xii :i.v.) li 7m;( 

Iljinis l(Kl.j ii:i4 111 IIU'J 

Huston 310 311) 4 Va 

Ilnwjiid .177 5^8 1 1III8 

Liberty 378 370 ... 748 

JLiii.iii 338 32:! ... Olll 

MileslMirg 2K0 .'ino 2 501 

Miles .57.5 572 ... 1147 

Piittou .321 31il 21 (il^ 

IVun „ .537 .517 ... IttVt 

P..tter 11(11 1117 5 2223 

Uiisli 330 344 ... 11811 

Snow Shoe 270 2:15 ... .505 

SlirinK 725 078 58 14111 

Tiivlor 179 173 ... 351 

Union IL 4(19 439 ... 848 

WiilUer 824 703 ... 1.587 

Worth 132 113 1 241) 

13,013 1.3,120 201 27,(«JU 

The Republican Convention which met in Harris- 
burg, February 23d, placed Hon. A. G. Curtiii in 
nomination for Governor. His return to Bellefonte, 
February 28th, was the signal of one of the most 
brilliant popular outbursts ever witnessed in Belle- 
fonte. After some congratulatory remarks by R. G., 
Dunham, Esq., Mr. Curtin addressed his townsmen, 
his last remark becoming a prophecy accomplished. 

*' Fellow Citizen's: — I am lie.^rtil.v obligeil to you for this waim 
greeting on returning to my home. It wiis e.xpected that the action of 
the convention which placed me in nomination would have been r.i:- 
ified on Saturday niglit in Pittsburgh, and but for tlio pliysxal prostra 
tion that followed an anxious and protracted contest, I would have been 
there in obedience to the unanimous call of the Allegheny County di-1- 
egates, the personal request of Mr, Howe, their candidate, and of llio 
gentlemen who were in Harrisburg to advance my interest?. I wa< 
pressed in Philadelijliia and other cities of the Comn^oawealth to bo 
present at public meetings on the same evening and for the same pn * 
pose. I am nios't happy to have been so controlled by circumstances as 
to first acknowledge the honor of my nominiilion at my own door; to 
be cheered lirst by the music of the band of the Fencibles, and to hear 
the congratulations of the people of the place where I was born, amon- 
whom I have always lived, and all of whom know me well. 

"In the long and active canv.ass which culminated in the actions of 
the convention, I felt that I had the sympathy of the people of Centre 
County, but had no reason to expect that so many good and true men 
would have gone to Ilarrisbnrg to surround and sustain me personally, 
to defend my honor, and contribute to my success. But one word, gen- 
tlemen, for all that— and tliat is taken warm from my heart— I am 

"In the presence of my neighbors I must thank the men of the Demo- 
cratic party of this county for the fairness with which they have treiite-l 
me up to this period of time, and make an open acknowledgment of tho 
kindness of the editors of that party in Centre County. They have al- 
ways s oken of me, when they had occasion, with respect, and have even 
vindicated my good name when it was .assailed. In the future I will 
not complain of an open, fair, and manly opposition from them, or of 
the paity which they serve. 

" When the Democratic Convention places before the people a canili- 
diite, let us pledge oursetVes to con Inct tli- p ilitijal campaign, which is 
abont opening, fairly and honorably on the issues that divide the two 
gnat parties of the State, which are broad and well defined; never con- 
dcsceud to personal hostilities, dcfaui ition, or detraction, but bear oir- 



selves so lofty in the figlit that our exnniiile may reflect itself on the 
action of the party and tlio man we oppose. It may be truly said that 
the convention of tlie 2'2d was tlie most enlightened body of men that 
ever assembled in Pennsylvania, and I feel that no candidate ever went 
before a convention in the State surrounded by so many and such stead- 
fast, faithful, and devoted fi'iendd. Vhen I reflect on their willingness 
to concede preferences and opinions, their disposition to harmonize the 
didcoi-dant political elements of the convention for my personal elevation, 
I am hnniiliated by a sense of my unworthiness, and deeply impressed 
with confidence and affection of my friend?. I will not speak of indi- 
vi-lnals. When you reail the proceedings of the convention you can 
readily select the names of my personal friends from what occurred in 
that body. Itis, however, proper that I should testify to the fnlelity and 
6a;;acity of your own representative in Congress, James T. Hale, who 
represented the sentiment of this county in the convention. 

" You will notice by the proceedings of the i 
other candidates for nomination have fallen grf 
of the nominee in a manner worthy of their 
and their position in our political party. Tlieri 
They are all pledged to an active and energetic 
nil well. I was the schoolmate of two of then- 

invention that all the 
efully into the support 
ligh character as men 
Eire no heart-burnings, 
upport. I know them 
and our intimate and 

uninterrupted friendship is now strengthened by such an exhibition of 
their true manhood. 

•'And now, fellow-citizens, for a time let us rest. When the national 
political organizations have indicated their candidates, and established 
for the two great parties their platforms of principles, we will open the 
campaign. I will perforin my duty by an activi^canvass over the entire 
State. It is a contest before lliree millions of people of a great State to 
be settled by more than four hundred tliousand Pennsylvanians iit the 
ballot-box. Whether it sbnll lesnlt in the election of the gentleman 
who shall be nominated at Heading to-morrow, or the nominee of the 
convention of the 22d of February, I shall be satisfied with the verdict 
(if the people. One of two men must bo elected Governor of Pennsyl- 
vania in October, and beftre I bid you good-night and thank you again 
for this pleasant and gratifying ovation, I cannot resist the expression 
of the well-settled conviction that that humble individual now stands 
before you." 

Tlie county convention of the Republican party 
met in August, and renominated Judge James T. 
Hale for Congress by acclamation ; William Cook 
Duncan was nominated for the Legislature over 
Samuel Mc Williams; George Alexander, for sheriff; 
John T. Johnson, for jirothonotar}' ; William Long- 
well, for register and recorder; John McCalmont, 
for commissioner; Auditor, J. C. Williams. Maj. 
John Hasson presided over this convention ; J. 
Irvin Gregg was secretary. 

The Democratic County Convention i>tas presided 
over by Maj. J. B. Fisher; R. N. Forster and John 
Bing, secretaries. John A. Hunter, of Half-Moon, 
was nominated for Assembly over William Allison, 
and J. S. Proudfoot, John Hoffer, and Jesse L. Test 
were renominated for prothonotary and register and 
recorder. Edward Kreamer, of Harris, was nomi- 
nated for sheriff; Amos Alexander, of Penn town- 
ship, for county commissioner; Thomas Yearick, of 
Haines, for auditor. 

The Constitutional party had met in Baltimore, 
and nominated John Bell, of Tennessee, for President, 
and Edward Everett, of Massachusetts, for Vice- 
President, and the National Republican Convention, 
which met at Chicago, May 16th, had nominated 
Abraham Lincoln, of Illinois, for President, i^nd 
Hannibal Hamlin, of Maine, fo,r Vice-President. 
The Charleston Deiriocratic Convention had ad- 
journed and reassembled in Baltimore, where, after 
the withdrawal of more than one-third of the dele- 

gates. Gen. Gushing left the president's chair of 
the convention, and Hon. David Tod, of Ohio, was 
elected presiding officer, whereupon Stephen A. 
Douglas was nominated for President, and H. V. 
Johnson, of Georgia, for Vice-President. The sece- 
ders noininated John C. Breckinridge for President, 
and Gen. Joseph Lane, of Oregon, for Vice-Presi- 
dent. By the action of the State Committee it was 
determined to unite the Democracy of Pennsylvania 
upon one electoral ticket, which was to vote as a unit 
for Douglas and Johnson, if the electoral vote of 
Pennsylvania would elect them, vice versa for Breck- 
inridge and Lane. 

At the October election Hon. A. G. Curtin was 
elected Governor of Pennsylvania by a majority of 
32,092 over Henry D. Foster. The Republicans 
elected a majority of the Legislature, the House 
standing 73 Republicans to 23 Democrats, and the 
Senate stood 27 Republicans to 6 Democrats. The 
official returns of both October and November elec- 
tions were as follows for Centre County : 

Curtin. Foster. Lincoln. Fusion. Bell. Douglas. 

Bellefonte 166 120 . 15G 114 ... 9 

Milesl.urg 85 4.5 87 4i ... 1 

Unionville 34 23 30 19 

B.iggs 280 92 272 S.5 

lienner 11.5 140 120 107 ... 12 

Burnside 07 31 4.5 21 

Curtin 34 28 30 20 

F.-if;iison 220 187 224 109 

Gi.--g 60 278 0:i 259 

Hiiine'i 124 200 115 180 1 

Half-Moon 117 49 112 42 

Harris 272 104 279 155 ... 2 

Howard 150 05 153 62 2 

Huston 83 19 80 12 

Liberty 110 40 110 20 

MarioTi 58 80 51 00 

Miles 05 213 60 187 

I'atton 99 38 89 37 

Penn 30 242 40 222 2 

Pi.tter 117 312 101 2S1 1 

Rush 87 60 72 47 4 

Spring 218 103 220 70 ... 2 

Snow Shoe 71 47 02 28 

Tavlor 03 13 64 13 

Uiih.n 95 30 88 20 

Walker 198 141 198 114 

Worth 68 49 48 34 

T..tal 3105 2824 3021 2348 10 20 

Majorities 341 573 

Lincoln's majority over all is 531. 

Judge Hale for Congress had a majority in the 
county of 332; Duncan, for the Legislature, over 
Hunter, 288 ; Johnston over Hoffer for prothonotary, 
219; Williams, for auditor, over Yearick, 226. 

The " Wide Awake" organizations were efficient 
workers in this campaign, visiting county and town- 
ship meetings, with their ranks illumined by torches, 
and exciting great popular enthusiasm by their 
marching and presence. 

An extensive robbery wtis committed in Penn 
township in November. A party of seven men, with 
features disguised and concealed, made a descent 
upon the house of Mr. Jacob Gentzel, residing in 
Penn township, this county, on Wednesday eve- 
ning, the 7th instant. The door was forced open 
with a stick of wood, and the whole party marched 
boldly in. Arriving at the room occupied by Mr. 
Gentzell and his wife first, a guard was placed 



over them, with pistols in their liands, with the 
instruction that if they moved or gave the least 
alarm to shoot them down. The remaindei; of the 
])arty then passed on to the room occupied by Mr. 
Heckman, father of MrN. Gentzel, a wealthy and 
highly-respected old gentleman, who had resided for 
some time with his son-in-law. Mr. Heckman was 
seized and a pistol presented to his breast, with the 
declaration that if he made any resistance he would 
be killed instantly. Leaving the old gentleman in 
the hands of a guard, the rest went to ransacking for 
booty. Having secured a double-bitted axe, they 
used it to force open a chest containing the old gentle- 
man's money, which amounted to between $1300 and 
$1400, of wliich $550 were in gold, $75 in bank-notes, 
and the balance, amounting to about $775, in silver. 

A succession of robberies was followed by the arrest 
of Lewis Sherman. On Saturday evening a party of 
seven men, under command of Mr. Ross, who had 
some property stolen, left Pine Grove for Stone valley. 
Arriving at the residence of Sherman some 'time 
during the night, the party remained in ambush 
until daybreak. Early in the morning Sherman was 
observed outside the door, but soon passed into the 
house. The party immediately surrounded the house 
and detailed a committee to arrest the object of their 
search. On application at the door they found it 
locked, and a voice from within informed them that 
any attempt to enter would be resisted with arms. 
They threatened to force the door, and after some 
parleying it was opened and they entered. The 
house was thoroughly searched, but no sign of Sher- 
man could be found. The carpet was removed from 
the floor, but no trap or door was discovered. Mrs. 
Sherman was seated near the fire, looking on with 
seeming indifference, and they requested her to re- 
move her chair, which was reluctantly done. On re- 
moving a piece of carpet that lay before the fire a 
trap-door was revealed, which was immediately raised, 
and there the individual sat that had long and suc- 
cessfully eluded the grasp of law and justice, fairly 
ensnared in a place which he supposed would escape 
the vigilance of the most adroit. He was immedi- 
ately secured, brought to this place, and confined in 
jail. He was once imprisoned in the Illinois peni- 
tentiary for robbing a bank, but effected his escape 
and returned to this State, locating in Stone valley, 
Huntingdon Co., where he had long been an object of 
terror and alarm to that entire region of country. 

On the 27th of July a robbery had been perpe- 
trated on the store of J. H. Hahn, a short distance 
below Boalsburg, in. this county. An entrance was 
effected at a back door of the store-room, and the 
goods carried across an orchard in the rear of the 
building, a wagon being placed there to receive them. 
The wagon was traced to Stone valley, but it could 
not be discovered where tlie goods were deposited. 
The arrest of Lewis Sherman induced Mr. Hahn to 
make an effort for the recovery of his goods. On 

the Tuesday subsequent to the arrest of Sherman, Mr. 
Hahn, accompanied by Mr., of Pine Grove, 
visited the premises of Sherman fur the purpose of 
searching for the stolon property. After examining 
the house from the garret to the collar they began to 
despair, when the .scrutinizing eye of Mr. Ross dis- 
covered an aperture in the ceiling, near the stove- 
pipe, and he proceeded to examine it. Silk, hose, 
hair-cloth, handkerchiefs, and every variety of small 
articles that could be admitted between the ceiling 
and upper floor were extracted from this hole. Rem- 
nants of goods were found that had been untouched 
webs when taken from the store. The property stolen 
amounted to between three and four hundred dollars, 
while the goods recovered did not amount to more 
than ten or twelve dollars. 

Eminger Rudy and Lewis Sherman were convicted at 
November term, but their sentence was deferred, and 
on Tuesday morning, December 11th, a stampede of 
the prisoners in the jail occurred. An old pick and 
an axe had been secured, no doubt from accomplices 
on the outside, with which they reopened the wall 
precisely where Kauterman made the breach in April 
last. In the evening previous the prisoners had been 
safely secured in their respective cells, and every pre- 
caution taken to guard against their escape, as Sheriff 
Alexander had received little assurance from public 
opinion that he would be able to keep them. Sher- 
man and one or two others were confined in a back 
cell, while two or three others were taken below and 
confined in a cell on the first floor. , Sherman divested 
himself of his manacles by the aid of a steel pen. He 
then opened the first lock with a wooden key, but the 
padlock being too low to be reached from the inside, 
he heated the poker (having a fire in his cell) and 
burnt the staple out of the door. The door opening 
into the front cell he opened with wooden keys, after 
which they immediately went to work on the outer 
wall, not, however, until they had spread a quilt upon 
the floor to prevent the falling plaster an I stones from 
making a noise. With the aid of their pick and axe 
the work of opening a wall that is now ready to tumble 
down under its own weight was doubtless soon effected. 
The cord was taken from the bed and attached to the 
iron bars of the window above, and by this they de- 
scended to the ground, four prisoners escaping, — Sher- 
man, Rudy, "Corn Doctor," and Kuhn. The other 
prisoners, refusing to go with them, were threatened 
with personal violence if they gave the least alarm. 
The "Corn Doctor" was serving out a sentence for 
stealing fifteen dollars from Miss Kate Gherret. He 
stuck fast in die wall a short time before he extricated 
himself. They left caricatures of the district attor- 
ney. Stover, Cyrus Strickland, and Sherifl'McCoy upon 
the wall. 





Early in January the Crittenden Committee, as 
it was callefl. of Border State members of Congress, 
of wliicli Judge James T. Hale was a member, 
1861. submitted their propositions of amendments to 
the Constitution, which they supposed would 
satisfy the South and put a stop to disunion measures. 
One was to the effect that all territory north of 36^ 
30' was to be free. South of this line, whenever one 
hundred thousand inhabitants shall form a State Con- 
stitution, they shall be admitted with or without slav- 
ery, as tlie people may determine. Judge Hale ad- 
vocated these propositions in the Republican caucus 
at Washington in an earnest and able speech. Wil- 
liam Bigler, then United States senator, proposed 
that the plan of Mr. Crittenden should be submitted 
to a direct vote of the people on the 12th of Febru- 

A Republican meeting was called during court 
week in January, at Bellefonte, and the committee 
on resolutions divided ; the majority report indorsed 
the Chicago platform ; this was advocated by W. W. 
Brown and J. Boyd Hutchinson. The minority re- 
port, read by H. N. McAllister, and advocated by 
him, approved of Judge Hale's course. On a vote 
being taken, only thirty-one persons stood up for the 
majority report, and that of the minority was indorsed 
with great enthusiasm. 

The delegates to the Democratic Convention of 
August last were recalled in convention on the 15th of 
February, J. B. Fisher, president, and J. D. Shugert, 
secretary, to elect delegates to the State Convention. 
Its position was indicated by the following resolu- 
tion : 

" That when the people of the North shall have 
fulfilled their oblig.ations to the Constitution and the 
South, then and not till then will it be proper to take 
into consideration the question of the right and pro- 
priety of coercion." 

It also indorsed Senator Bigler's and Representative 
Hale's course. 

Early in January letters received at Bellefonte in- 
dicated the startling fact that if Washington City 
was not put in a defensive attitude it would be 
seized upon by an armed mob, whose object would be 
to prevent the inauguration of President Lincoln. 
After a parade of the Bellefonte Fencibles on the 8th 
of January, they took action upon a proposition to 
offer their services for the defense of Washington 

When the proposition was laid before the company 
by Lieut. James A. Beaver, who had command of the 
company on the occasion, twenty-two men promptly 
affi.Ked their names to the following document, which 
had just been reported by a committee consisting of 

Lieut. James A. Beaver, Ensign John H. Stover, and 
Col. Austin B. Snyder : 

"In vie^v^)f the present distracted condition of national .ntfairs, ftnd 
under a fiim conviclion of the necessity of enforcing all laws enacted in 
couforniity to the Const itnt ion, of protecting the Constitution and main- 
taining tlio Union of the States which now exists, we, wliose names are 
herennto annexed, do lierehy solemnly bind onrselves.each to llie other, 
l.y the duty which we owe to our common conntry ami our individual 
honor, to hoM ourselves in readiness to march, at any time, in ohedience 
to the requisition of the Governor of rennsylvania, made for tliat pur- 

" Cyrus Strickland, Jcdin H. Stover, .Tohn A. Bodgers, Monroe Armor, 
William L.Raphilc, George A. Bhy.ird, Samuel Nichols, David Bnrlot, 
Austin B. Snyder, William ]>. Wilson, John B. Mitchell, James A. 
Beaver, Henry II, Ilontgonjery, Harvey S. Lingel, Cliarles R. Bullock, 
Jpremiah O'Lcafy, Ilcniy II. Stone, W. W. Mmitgomcry, David K. 
Tate, Eohert A. Cassidy, Chiirles H. Hale, James F. Riddle." 

Meanwhile their services were rendered upon a 
more pleasant occasion, — the inauguration of Gover- 
nor Curtin, which took place January Ifith, at Har- 
risburg. The flag of the Fencibles, which he had re- 
ceived on behalf of the company from the ladies of 
Bellefonte nearly three years before, waved over Gov- 
ernor Curtin's head when delivering his inaugural. 

The Independent Dragoons, Capt. James Dunlap, 
held a meeting at Pine Grove Mills, which was ad- 
dressed by L. Neff and Professors Patterson, of the 
Bialsburg, and Thomas, of Pine Grove Academies. 
This meeting passed resolutions favorable to any lion- 
orable compromise, and approved of Judge Hale's 
course ; and at the same time a paper similar to that 
printed above, signed by the members of the Fen- 
cibles, was signed by every member of the Dragoons 
except two. 

On Friday, April 12th, at half-p.ast four, the first 
gun was fired upon Fort Sumter: armed revolt was 
inaugurated. Discord ceased in Centre County and 
was succeeded by intense enthusiasm in support of 
the Union. The following editorial in the Central 
Press of the 18th of April portrays graphically how 
the news was received in Bellefonte, and what prepa- 
rations Centre County made for the war : 

"On Saturdity evening last a telegraphic dispatch was received which 
threw Bellefonte into a fever. It stated that Fort Sumter had been fired 
into and was replying' with two guns. The excitement became intense, 
and from about seven o'clock on Saturday evening tlie telegraphoflice 
was crowded with persons anxiously wailing to hear the news from tho 
scene of conflict. As dispatch succeeded dispatch the excitement sub- 
sided and was followed by a feeling of patriotic indignation at the con. 
duct of the Sontliern rebels. On Sundaj knots of peisons might have 
been seen congregating on the corners in the vicinity of tho telegraph- 
otHce, but, with the exception of one dispatch, no comninnication was 
had. On Monday the anxiety of our citizens was aroused to the highest 
pitch, and the streets presented a scene of unusual bustle and excite- 
ment. Dispatches were received announcing the evacuation of Fort 
Sumter, after a resistance of thirty-six hours to a terrible fire from the 
batteries which surround it, during which the fort suffered severely. 
The barracks having taken fire from the shot and shell of the rebels, 
fire was thus communicated to the magazine, which exploded, killing 
five of Anderson's men. After the surrender, Ma.i. Anderson and his 
command left for New York. A dispatch from Philadelphia represents 
the excitement there as intense. The dispatches of Monday evening 
stated that Fort Pickens had been reinforced by the Federal govern- 
ment on Sunday evening, and would now be able to resist any attack 
that ccnild be made upon it. The President has issued a proclamatiun 
calling an extra session of Congress and calling for seventy-five thou- 
sand men. Governor Curtin has offered the services of one hundred 



tlinnsand men ns Pennsj'Ivftnia'fl share of the required number. On 
Monduy evening the streets presented a scene oraninintion only equaled 
by that of tlie political excitement of the late campaign. The war 
news was tlio all-absorliiiig topic, and was discussed with an interest and 
determination which showed the most poi-fi'ct unaniniily in f.ivor of the 
maijitenanre of the Union and tlie enforcement of the laws. A meeting 
of llie Fencihles was called for Monday evening, and nt the hour ap- 
pointed the armory was crowded wilh personsauxiuus to hear the result 
of tlieir deliherations. The ranlis were fuller than they had been at any 
previous niectinc fur a year. The discussions were piirticipated in by 
quite a number, and resulted in the aiqtointment of a committee of five, 
whose business it would be to ascertain Imw many could be enrolled for 
active service. The Fencibles have, virtually, been a defunct institu- 
tion since hist fall, hut the reception of the war news has imparled now 
cnci-gies to it, and instead of blotting it out, has awakened it to a new- 
more than ever vigorous existence. Mr. Charles II. Dale, Esq , major 
of the Logan Battalion, having offered the services of bis command to 
the Governor, received a dispatch from Eli Sliver, Sccretvry of Slate, 
.a'nuit niuo o'clock on Monday evening, accepting the same, and in- 
forming him to hold bis command in readiness to march at short notice, 
riacurds were po-ted on Tuesday morning calling for a meeting of the 
Logan Battalion at the Arbitration Room on Tuesday, at one o'clock r m., 
for the purpose of taking action on Secretary Slifer's communication. 
Just at the moment when the meeting was to convene, and even while 
the courl-house bell pealed forth the summons for the assembling 
of the military, two dispatches were received from the Secretary of 
the Commonwealth, one addressed to Maj. 0. II. Hale, calling upon 
him to march to Uarrishurg inrmediately with his battalion, and an- 
other addressed to Capt. Robert McFarlaue, of the Cameron Infantry, 
of IJoalslinrg, ordering him to proceed to Ilarrisburg at once with his 
company. The <lispatche6 informed these gentlemen that arms and 
equipments would be furnished by tlio government. The meeting was 
orgaidzed by the selection of Mr. James Armor, a veteran of the war of 
1812, as president, who stated the object of the meeting in a most patri- 
otic speech, which moved the audience to tears. Arrangements were 
made for opening a recruiting-office at the armory for the enlistment of 
volunteers. The existing companies will leave as soon jis their ranks 
are filled. In the evening a dispatch was received by H. N. McAllister, 
Esq., requesting that a public meeting be called at once, and that the 
conijuiny be increased to one hundred men. A messenger from Capt. 
Robert McFarlane, of the Cameron Infantry, said that he would have 
between sixty and eighty men ready to march by Mond,ay or Tuesday 
morning next. Tlie armory presented a scene of the wildest excitement 
until a late hour in tlie evening. Runners were dispatched in every 
direction bearing posters calling for a meeting at the court-house on 
Wednesday, at two o'clock p.m. The national colors are waving from 
all the and public buildings." 

Enthusiastic Meetingof the People. — In response 
to the call issued on Wednesday morning for a meet- 
ing of the citizens of Centre County at the court- 
house, for the purpose of taking action on the late 
requisition made on this State for sixteen regiments 
of volunteers, one of the largest and most patriotic 
gatherings that has ever convened in this place as- 
sembled at the place designated at two o'clock p.m. 
on Wednesday. Maj. James Armor was called to the 
chair. Twelve vice-presidents and two secretaries 
were elected, after which, on motion of H. N. Mc- 
Allister, Esq., Hon. James T. Hale stated the object 
of the meeting in a brief but patriotic speech. 

The following subscriptions were made for the sup- 
port of the families of volunteers : 

... $150 

Robert Valentine 8300 

Samuel Unn IIW 

Im O. Miichel 100 

W. T. Valentine 200 

James T. Hale WO 

William F. Reynolds 200 

II. N. McAllistee -/OO 

li. B.Valentine 300 

M. T. MilliUen SOO 

William Rodgers ino 

K. C Humes '200 

James Gordon 100 

.\. S. Valentine 

McCoy, Linn & Co 

CvrusT. Alexander loo 

M. Waddle 100 

George Livingston..... luO 

Joseph Gresrg 100 

•lohn Brackliill 25 

George W. Tate 2.i 

Henry Vandyke ItH) 

Jcdin T. Johnslon 50 

William II. Longwell 50 

William Cahngau 25 

J. D. Turner 825 

S. Haupf. Jr., 4 Co 50 

Francis Jodon 25 

William H. Blair. 100 

J. 0. McMeen loO 

E.Green 50 

William J. Stein 26 

M. II L...I, 2.1 

William Miushiill 25 

lb-v.Tliom;i.s Sherlock 20 

R. O. Pnrbani 25 

John Tonnor 60 

.lames Alexand.T 25 

William McCaffcrtv :i 

A. A eiiiiaii 15 

George li. Iiuwuin- 20 

William .<.Triiiple 20 

John Wav 15 

Ferdinand Loel 25 

.loseph T. Comlv 10 I 

William S. Wolf. 10 

William Lew $10 

Samuel Harris iri 

William Fury 1" 

C. 4 J. I'urlin 100 

James Ward in 

.lohn M Wagner i'. 

Moses A. Loeb 15 

G. H. Weaver 2.-| 

George W. Jacks..!! 25 

A. M. Wl!ile 10 

William 1>. Wilson 100 

I'liilo Ward In 

S. L. Willits 25 

A. C. Iddings 25 

John A.lan!8 25 

Ailam H..V 25 

J..»e].l! H. Weaver 10 

WilliaU! Ci!iti!i 10 

Jes«e Kliiiger 10 

Dai!iel 3lcGi!.ley 10 

In Snow Shoe a company was formed, with James 
Gilliland as captain ; Dr. A. A. Yarington, first lieu- 
tenant; Samuel W. Askey, second lieutenant; and 
David Bells, orderly, and a resolution passed to 
tender its services. 

The Bellefonte Fencibles, Capt. John B. Mitchell, 
offered their services, and as promptly proceeded to 
Harri-sburg, one hundred and seventy-seven strong. 
The Eagle Guards, under Capt. A. B. Snyder, one 
hundred and twenty-five strong, soon followed. A 
third company was formed with the overplus (beyond 
the seventy-seven required) of these companies, under 
Capt. John N. Stover. Capt. Robert McFarlane left 
Boalsburg on the 19th with the Cameron Infantry, 
one hundred and twenty-seven men ; and Frank W. 
Hess, a school-teacher at Potter's Mills, took down 
some men, and organized a company from the over- 
plus Centre County recruits at Harrisburg. 

The people of Bellefonte in three days raised a fund 
of six thousand nine hundred dollars for the support 
of the families of those who had gone into the ser- 
vice. Home guards were organized in Bellefonte, — 
a company of fifty, between the ages of sixteen and 
twenty-five, under Capt. Robert A. Cassidy, and one 
composed of men between the ages of twenty-five and 
sixty, under the command of Capt. John H. Morrison. 
The Stars and Stripes were floating from nearly every 
house, and the heavy tread of the home guards march- 
ing through the .streets to the tap of the drum reminded 
people that grira-visaged war had come. 

The Centre Guards, enlisted for three years, was 
organized at Bellefonte, May 13th, choosing temporar- 
ily for oflicers J. Irvin Gregg, captain ; H. P. Petri- 
kin, first lieutenant ; Richard Diusmore, second lieu- 
tenant. This company marched on the 6th of June, 
and was mustered in as Company E, Thirty-fourth 
Regiment, or Fifth Reserves, June 21st. 

A police force was also organized by Burgess Ga- 
hagati: Chief, Charles Wilson; First Lieutenant, 
Adam Hoy; Second Lieutenant, John Bergstresser ; 
Privates, Benjamin Schrack, William H. Longwell, 
H. Crosthwaite, Delaune Gray, D.iniel McGinley, 
John McDermott, G. W. Thomas, William Valen- 
tine, J. J. Brisbin, R. A. Cassidy, and P. B. Wilson. 

The Curtin Mounted Rangers was also organized 
in May. Home guards were formed at Milesburg, 



Philipsburg, and Pine Grove. July lltli, Corp. 
Frank McGarvey, of the Centre Guards, came to 
Bellefonte to recruit twenty-four men, the companies 
having their complement increased to one hundred 
and one men. He enlisted and returned with nine- 
teen men within a week. 

Saturday, August lOch, the Independent Cavalry 
Company left Milesburg, one hundred and twenty 
strong, composed of wood-choppers, lumbermen, col- 
liers, all able-bodied men, under the command of 
Lieut. Lipton. This company was mustered in as 
Company E, First Pennsylvania Cavalry, or Forty- 
fourth Pennsylvania Regiment, Aug. 12, 1S6L 



The Fencibles were mustered into the Second Regi- 
ment, Col. F. S. Staumbaugh, for three months' ser- 
vice, April 20, 1861, as Company H of that regiment. 

Janiea A. Beaver, 1st lieut. ; Charles H, Hale, 
rnior, 1st sergt.-, Charles 11. Bullocli, 2d sergt.; 
sergt.; H. H. Montgomery, 4tU sergt.; Cyrus 
; Tliomas C. Crawford, 2d corp. ; John L. John- 
Harris, 4tli Corp.; George A. Bayard, musician ; 
died at Camp Scott, in May; brouglit 
[1 buried. 

Neff, Andrew G. (died at Harris- 

Nicholas, Samuel I. 

O'Leary, Jeremiah, 

Orner, William. 

Pennington, Henry C. 

Piper, George D. 

Bobb, Charles. 

Rosenstecl, J. M. 

Kouah, Simon. 

Rowan, George. 

Stone, Henry H. 

Stoneroad. Cnrtin P. 

Sclinell, Joseph, Jr. 

Schlem, J. W. 

Showalter, William. 

Smith, W. J. (died at Hagerstown, 
July 3d). 

ShaQgler, George W. 

Stewart, Josiah, 

Tate, Foster. 

Tate, John R. 

Tate, John. 

Tate, William., Isaac. 

Thomas, Joseph D. 

Valentine, A. S.,Jr. 

Van Valen, Waldo C. 

Waddle, James C. 

Ward, William. 

Wilson, Francis. 

Teager, Henry C. 

John B. Mitcliell, capt; 
2d lieut.; Monroe A 
John A. Bayard, 3rt 
Strickland, 1st corp, 
son, 3d Corp.; John 
Georgi' H. Burkert, 
home to Kebersburg 

Adams, F. B. 
Armstrong, G. W. 
Beale, Joshua W. 
Buller, Samuel. 
Calhoun, Henry. 
Cheeseman, It, C. 
Cortner, Albert U. 
Curtiu, John I. 
Dinges, Jacob. 
Di.\ou, Hezekiah. 
Fulton, James.i 
Fulton, Joseph H. 
Harris, James, 
Harris, Henry P. 
Harrold, Cornelius. 
Hart, William J. 
Haupl, Allison. 
Hays, M, 
Heverly, James. 
Hicks, Alfjed. 
Hughes, James. 
Jack, John T. 
Johnston, Walter S. 
Johnston, lHatlhew., 
Kelley, Thomas F. 
Lingle, Harvey S. 
Lucas, James G. 
Lucas, John M. 
McCaulay, William C. 
McNarmy, Barth. 
McCoy, William A, 
McGuire, William U. 
Miller. Abraham. 

1 James Fulton died of camp fever, at Milesburg Iron-Works, Sept, 9, 

The Second Regiment was ordered to Washington, 
and left on the 21st, but was, stopped at Cockeysville 
on account of burning of the railroad bridge ; thence 
it returned to Chambersburg, and was assigned to the 
Second Brigade, Col. Wyncoop, Second Division, 
Gen. W. H. Keim, and participated in Gen. Patter- 
son's campaign, and was mustered out of service July 
26th. James H. Dobbins, M.D., of Bellefonte, was 
surgeon of the Second Regiment. The Fencibles 
reached home July 29th, and were welcomed at the 
court-house. Judge Lewis addressing them. 

The Eagle Guards were mustered into the Fourth 
Regiment, Col. John F. Hartranft commanding, April 
19, 1861, as Company H of that regiment. 

Austin B. Snyder, capt. ; William H. Blair, 1st lieut. ; William L. 
Baphile, 2J lieut; James Hughes, 1st sergt; E. R. Goodfi-llow, 2d 
sergt; John S, Boell, 3d sergt; Joseph A, Clark, 4lh sergt,; Wil- 
liam C.Davis, 1st Corp.; James Bowling, 2d corp,; Charles Glenn,3d 
Corp.; L. B. Holt, 4th Corp. ; George Young, Emory Hutton, musl- 


Antes, Frederick T. Keyes, Stanley. 

Anderson, J. G. Knisely, George H. 

Ammerman, Thomas. Knoll, Ira, 

Barger, James, Kulp, James D, 

Barger, Constance. Laughliu, Michael, 

Barger, Jolin, Lehr, Jacob, 

Balhurst, Simeon. McCartney, James E, 

Beadlcy, Philip. . McLenehan, William. 

Bland, Edward. • Mackey, William, 

Bowers, Levi, Martin, Hugh, 

Clark, William. Miles, Richard. 

Cox, George. Miller, Samuel L. 

Curtin, James B. • Mullin, Frank. 

Doyle, Andrew. Parsons, David H. 

Bowling, Edward. Powers, Daniel. 

Drawker, Alexander. Powere, James. 

Emiuheiser, A. F. Sands, Henry. 

Fell, Charles. Schnell, Augustus T. 

Fink, John. Shirk, ■William, ' 

Funk, George, Shultz, William H. 

Funk, Joseph. Shelby, Joseph. 

Garner, Geor;:e W. Spears, Edward. 

Hamilton, Thomas B, Steel, C. P.= 

Harshberger, Abraham, Swerd, Wendell, 

Hayes, James, Sweyers, Daniel, 

Henry, John C. Swiler, John, 

Hintou, Robert Twitmire, Henry, 

Hollahan, John F, Waltz, Calvin, 

Hollobaugh, B. C. Wetsler, William W. 

Holt, Thomas. Wilson, John A. 

Huey, Sivmuel. Wilson, William, 

Htitton, Emery I, Wylaud, George G. 
Kenngott, Henry. 

The Fourth Regiment proceeded to Annapolis, 
Md., and on the 8th of May to Washington. It was 
assigned to the First Brigade, Third Division, of Gen. 
McDowell's army, and moved with the division to 
Centreville, but its term expired July 20th, and it 
was mustered out accordingly. The Eagle Guards 
reached Bellefonte July 30th, and were appropriately 
welcomed home. The whole company returned in 
good health except four. 

The Cameron Infantry was mustered into the Sev- 

- Discharged on account of sickness. May 11, 18G1. 



enth Regiment, Col. William H. Irwin, April 22, 1861 , 
as Company H of that regiment, of which Charles R. 
Foster was surgeon, and James M. Thomjison assistant 

Kubcrt McFnrlane, capt.; John Bonl, 1st lieut.; William N. Reiley, 'iJ 
lieut. ; Geiiige A. Jacobs, 1st sorgt. ; A. Boyd Hutcliiuson, 2(1 scigt. ; 
0. L. Greenongli, Sil sergt.; Adam lless, 4th seigt.; Gcorgo Croa- 
niillfr, 1st coip.; William Shoop, 2d Corp.; John Beck, 3il coip.; 
Henry Forbes, 4th Corp.; hospital nurse; John C. Fabcr, Willliafti 
irpster, musicians. 


Barto, Jacob. 

Johnstonbangh, Alpheus 

Beck, John. 

Kcphart, William P. 

Biiigam.-in, James A. 

Kiiwin, George. 

Blair, J. n. 

Koons, William S. 

Brown, G. \V. 

Lerich, John D. 

Brown, Jorejniah C. 

Lyie, Robert V. 

BnrchlieM, Aaron. 

Lytle, Griffith. 

BurohfieW, Penrose J. 

LjMIe, Isaac. 

Campbell, David S. 

McCool, Jacob. 

Cramer. Andrew G. 

McKeady, Daniel. 

Cornmessev, William B. 

Blallory, Harvey. 

Dale, Alfred. 

Blartz, John. 

Diinghenbaiigh, Jacob. 

Blayes, James I. 

Dennis, Samuel B. 

Sliller, John. 

Duffle, George. 

Jlinnick, Benjamin F. 

Eckenroth, Charles. 

Moore, Daniel. 

Eckenroth, Henry. 

Musser, William H. 

Evey, Henry. 

O'Brien, Daniel. 

Farber, John H. 

O^nian, George. 

Forbes, Henry. 

Parker; Daniel S. 

Fi.x, Joseph. 

Parsons, David S. 

Fulton, John. 

Keed, William. 

Garner, Daniel. 

Iloop, Samuel. 

Gray, William Y. 

Rhodes, Michael. • 

Ilarman, Charles C. 

Sherlhill, James. 

llaipster, John H. 

Shoop, James P. 

Hanison, Michael D. 

Singleton, George. 

Ilaugheuberg, Harrison. 

Stuart, James T. 

Haughenhorg, Hiram. 

Swinehart, Henry. 

Hook, John. 

Williams, Samuel H. 

lloy, John H. 

Wortz, Philip. 

Jacobs, John H. 

Yarnell, Harvey. 

Johns, David H. 

Many of this company re-enlisted for three years 
in the Forty-ninth, under Capt. John Boal. John 
Fulton and Daniel S. Parker were killed in a rail- 
road accident near Relay House, Md., when going 
out to service in September, 18G1. 

The Seventh Regiment was assigned to the Third 
Brigade of the First Division, Gen. George Cadwal- 
ader, in Gen. Patterson's command, and was discharged 
beyond Shepherdstown on July 22d. 

The Curtin Guards, Capt. Stover, were mustered, 
April 24, 1861, into the Tenth Regiment, Col. S. A. 

John II. stover, capt, Bellefonte; John A, Bodgers, Ist lieut., Belle- 
fonte; James P. Gregg, 2d lieut., Milesburg; George H. Stover, 
1st sergt., Aaronsburg; Jacob H. Meyer, 2d sergt., Bellefonte; 
Thomas B. Quay, 3d sergt., Salona; Jesse Lucas, 4tli sergt.. Snow 
Shoe James F. Kiddle, 1st Corp., Bellefonte ; Sidney T. MufHey, 2d 
corp , Bellefonte; Mark McKean, 3d Corp., Zion; John Williams, 
musician, Millheim; Joseph Frochmiller, musician, 

Alcrd, John, Bellefonte. Beck, Henry S., Brush Valley. 

Anderson, John, Bellefonte. Bell, Walter H., Aaronsburg, 

Barringer, Andrew,BoilingSpring. Blessing, Lewis, Brnsli Valley, 
Beuner, Harvey H., Bellefonte. Campbell, George, Unionville. 

Cook, Henry C, Aaronsburg. 
Cook, Lindsay N., Aaronsburg. 
Dixon, Samuel S , Bellefonte. 
Fulmer, Levi A., Rebersburg. 
Gunsauliis, John, Snow Shoe. 
Hanna, D. John, Snow Shoo. 
Ilendershot, David, Bellefonte. 
Hinton, Charles, Snow Shoe. 
Hinton, Joseph S.,Snow Shoe. 
Huntzelman, Michael. 
Jidinston, Charles. Milesburg. 
Keys, Ourtin, Milesburg. 
Lucas, Harrison, Snow Shoe. 
Lucas, William, Snow Shoe. 
McBriile, James E., Bellefonte. 
Olto, Samuel D., Millheim. 

Peters, Joseph J., Bcllofonle. 
Pruner, Daniel D., Bellefonte. 
Itodgers, George D., Bellefonte. 
llothrock, Thomas, Bellefonte. 
Shearer, Henry A., Zion. 
Showers, William, Zion. 
Spangler, Simon, Rebersburg. 
Speuce, John, Milesburg. 
Stone, Joseph G., Pleasant Gop. 
Tiucknliller, Joseph, Bellefonte. 
Ulrich, George, Millheim. 
Updegrove, Ellis. 
Walter, David, Aaronsburg. 
White, David, Milesburg. 
Williams, John, Milesburg. 
Winters, Charles H.i 

The Curtin Guards returned August 3d. 

Frank W. Hess, who was teaching school at Potter's 
Mills, recruited a company in part in that neighbor- 
hood, which was filled up (by conceding the first lieu- 
tenancy to Lieut. John B, Hoskins, of Schuylkill) 
with Lieut. Hoskins' recruited men from Schuylkill 
County. It became Company I, Fifteenth Regiment, 
Col. Richard A. Oakford, Fifth Brigade, Gen. J. S. 
Negley, Second Division, Gen. Keim. 

The following roll embraces only those members 
of the company from Centre County, with the addi- 
tion of a * to those captured : 

Frank W. Hess, capt.. Potter's Mills, afterwards maj 
B. Hutchinson,* 2d lieut.. Potter's Mills ; Wilso 
afterwards capt. Co. G, 2Uith Eegt. ; Isaac T. Cr 
Hess,* Corp. ; George Swiuehart, musician. 

Barger,* John. Betylyon,'' An 

Boyer, William J. 

Croswaithe, Lot. 
Earner,* Thomas. 

of caval 

ry ; 


P. Palm 



s, Corp. ; 



Gates, Jeremiah. 

Marks,* Isaac W., Centre Hall. 

Went,* G. W. 

Barrows, Frank. 

Decker, Thomas. 

Faust, Jacob. 

Ketner, George. 

Sankey, Henry P., Potter's Mills. 

Zettle,* James A., Potter. 

From a statement made by Henry P. Sankey> who 
was a private in Capt. Hess' company, and one of 
those captured, we glean the following particulars : 

On the morning of the 2d of July the army crossed 
the Potomac near AVilliamsport, Md., the Fifth 
Brigade having the right of the Second Division. 
About a mile from the ford Negley's brigade diverged 
from the turnpike leading to Martinsburg (the line of 
march of the main column) by a road leading to the 
right. Company I was then thrown forward to the 
right and left as skirmishers, and had advanced 
about two miles, when a halt was ordered for rest and 
to allow the brigade to catch up. Lieut. Hutchinson 
was with the skirmishers on the left, Capt. Hess and 
Lieut. Hoskins were with the flankers on the right, 
leaving the main portion of the company without any 
officer in command. 

Col. Ashby, with a battalion of cavalry dressed in 
the blue blouses of the Second United States Cavalry, 
surrendered by Gen. Twiggs' treachery in Texas, 

1 Charles H. Winters, son ot Samuel, died at Chambersburg, aged 
eighteen years. May 21, 1S61, of inHammatory rheumatism. His body 
w»s brought to his home at Rebersburg for interment. 



came from a tliick wood, and, dividing, a portion 
swooped down upon Lieut. Jolin B. Hutchinson's 
sljirmishers and captured them ; the other portion 
came out of a second woods into a field and rode up 
to the fence where the main portion of Company I 
was resting, and ordered the bars thrown down to 
allow then\ to pass into the road. Unsuspectingly 
this was done, when they shot down Patrick Glenen, 
a private of Company I, from Schuylkill County, 
and their leader cried out, " Surrender, you damned 
Yankees ! surrender to Jeff Davis !" Having no offi- 
cers to command them, and not even able to assemble 
for resistance, they were hurried off, forty-four men 
in all, according to Lieut. Hutchinson's statement. 

Mr. Sankey says they were hurried on to Martins- 
burg, where they were allowed to have something to 
eat, and then pushed on ten miles farther, where they 
passed the night in a stable. On the 3d they reached 
Winchester, where they were placed in jail, and re- 
mained until the 18th. The jail alive with vermin. 
On the 18th they were marched to Strasburg, eighteen 
miles, and on the 19th placed in the cars for Manassas 
Junction. Here the rebels were full of bad whiskey, 
and severely threatened " the damned Yankees." On 
the 20th they reached Richmond, where they were 
met by an excited, angry mob, and were in some fear 
of their lives at its hands, but were finally lodged in 
a tobacco manufactory, which had been converted 
into a prison. ' 

Here in one of the prison hospitals James A. Zet- 
tle, of Potter township, died on the Itith of September 
of typhoid fever. On the 25th of September they, 
with several hundred other prisoners of war, were put 
on the cars bound for New Orleans, where they were 
placed in prison among thieves and murderers, to 
endure the concomitants of Southern prison life — 
ants, cockroaches, and mosquitoes — until the 6th of 
February, 1862, when they were transferred to Salis- 
bury, N. C. They remained at Salisbury until the 
3d of June, when they were paroled and mustered 
out of service at New York on the 18th of June, 

August 18th, Sunday, Augustus H. Poorman was 
killed by Edward Lipton and William Hays at the 
residence of Elias Horner, on Nittany Mountain, six 
miles south of Bellefonte. The parties had been at a 
camp-meeting and were drunk, and on their way 
home met at that place, where a fight occurred, 
which resulted in the death of Poorman. They were 
tried at November term, Hale and McAllister for 
defendants, Macmanus, Wallace, and Kealsh for Com- 
monwealth. Hays was acquitted, and Lipton con- 
victed of manslaughter. 

The Democratic County Convention met August 
27th, and nominated the following ticket : Senator, 
William H. Blair; Assembly, Robert F. Barron, of 
Ferguson ; Associate Judges, Samuel Strohecker, of 
Miles, and John S. Proudfoot, of Milesburg; Treas- 
urer, Dr. John B. Mitchell, of Bellefonte; Commis- 

sioner, Amos Alexander, of Penn ; Auditor, Gen. 
George Buchanan, of Gregg. This convention de- 
clined a proposition of the Republicans to unite on a 
Union ticket. The Republicans nominated Samuel 
McWilliams, of Ferguson township, for Assembly ; 
Peter Wilson, of Gregg, and Jacob Baker, of How- 
ard, for associate judges ; C. G. Ryman, of Miles- 
burg, for treasurer; Tliomas Hutchinson, of Potter, 
for county commissioner; and J. H. McClure, of 
Bellefonte, for auditor. 



September 4th, Capt. Raphill's company of three 
years left Bellefonte for Harrisburg. Captain, Wil- 
liam L. Raphill ; First Lieutenant, James P. Hughes; 
Second Lieutenant, Henry H. Stone. This company 
not being complete was consolidated in Company 
B, One Hundred and Forty-lifth Pennsylvania, and 
Capt. Raphill appointed first lieutenant thereof. 

The Milesburg Infantry left Milesburg Aug. 21, 
1861, under Capt. J. IMiles Green, numbering about 
seventy-five men. This company was mustered into 
the Forty-ninth Regiment, Col. Wm. H. Irwin, as 
Company A; at its organization, September 14th. 

The McAllister Rifles, Capt. A. B. Snyder, num- 
bering nearly ninety men, left Bellefonte October 1st. 
It was mustered in as Company G of the Fifty-first 
Pennsylvania, Col. John F. Hartranft. 

In August a company was raised by Lieut. John 
Boal, of Capt. Robert McFarlane's company, and 
called the Penn's Valley Infantry. This company 
was mustered into the Forty-ninth Regiment, Col. 
Wm. H. Irwin. 

In October, Company D, Fifty-third Pennsylvania 
Regiment, Col. Brooke, was raised in Centre and 
Clearfield Counties. First Lieut. James S. Hall 
and Second Lieut. John Howe belonged to Centre 

September 12th, the B.ald Eagle Infantry, under the 
command of J. Irvin Curtin, left Howard with ninety- 
five men. This company was mustered in as Com- 
pany A of the Forty-fifth Pennsylvania, Col. Thomas 

At the October election Wm. H. Blair, for senator, 
had 703 majority ; Barron, for Assembly, .519 majority ; 
Strohecker, for associate judge, 404; Proudfoot, 452; 
Alexander, for commissioner, 670 ; Buchanan, for 
auditor, 517. Union and Clinton gave majorities for 
Johnston, and elected him over Col. W. H. Blair. 

Cul. Seneca G. Simmoas. 
Jolin Irvin Gregg, ciipt ; Juno 21, 1801 ; res. July 12, 1801, to accept 
Ecrvico ill Ihu n't'uUir annj- ; pro. to col. lulst Pa. (IGth Cav.) Nov. 



14, 18C2; to brov. brig.-gen. Aug. 1, 18C4; wounded nt Deep Bottom 
Aug. in, 1801 ; brov. niaj -gull. Mnich 13, 18C5; wounded at Sailor's 
Creek April 7, IbGu; captured April 8th; present nt headquarters at 
Gen. Leo's surrender; must, out Aug. 11, 1865; subseqiiL-ntly col, 
in the regular army. 

J, Harvey Larrimer, do.; May 15, 1801 ; pro. from Ist lieut.Co. C to cnpt. 
Co, E, July 12, 1861 ; to maj. May 1, 1863 ; killed nt Biislow Station 
Feb, 14, 1S04. 

nichard Dlnsmorc, Walker; June 'Jl, 1801; pro, from 2d lient, to 1st 
lieut. Sept. 17, 1802; to capt, March 6, 180:i; disch. March 12, 180,5, 

H. P, I'elrlken, Bellefonle, Ist lieut.; June 21, 1801 ; killed at Antic- 
lam, Sept, 10, 1802. 

Joseph P. Lucas, Boggs, 1st lieut, ; Juno 21, ISGl ; pro, from sorgt. to 2d 
lient, Sei>t. 17, 1S02; to 1st licut. March 5, 1863; wounded, with loss 
of leg, at Fredericksburg Dec, 13, 1863 ; disch. Sept, 17, 1863. 

David McIC. Belts, Burhsido, 1st lieut, ; July 0, 1801 ; pro, from musicLln 
Co, C to 2d lieut. March 5, 1802; to 1st lieut. Sept, 17, 1863; must, 
out with company June 11, 1804. 

Samuel W. Askey, Snow Shoe, let sergt.; June 21, 1861 ; must, out wilh 
ci.mpauy Jnne 11,1804. 

Irviu Dehiuey, Boggs, sergt.; June 21,1801; must, out with company 
June 11, 1804. 

Blartin V, Force, Walker, sergt. ; July 25, 1801 ; must, out with company 
June 11, 1804. 

Ularsliftll Cux, Buruside, sergt,; June 21, 1S61 ; must, out with company 
Juno 11, IS04. 

Joseph L, Watson, Jliles, sergt,; June 21, 1801 ; wounded nt Fredericks- 
burg Dec, 13, 1862. 

Hiiniilton Whisler, Bcuner, sergt.; June 21, 1861 ; killed at Fredericks- 
burg Dec, l:l, 1802, 

Samuel Gault, Snow Shoe, sergt,; July 2j, 1801; killed nt Fredericks- 
burg Dec, 13, 1802, 

Frank McGarvey, Snow Shoo, seigt.; June 21, 1801 ; killed at Mechan- 
icsville June -20, 1802, 

William B, Wertz, Half-Moon, Corp.; Jnne 21, 1801, to June 11, 1804. 

llicliard Mulroney, Snow Shoe, coiji, ; June 21, 1861, to June II, 1804. 

William Etters, Siiow Shoe, corp,; Dec, 23, 1863; trans, to 191st Regt. 
P. V. June 6, 1804 ; veteran, 

Ileury McCaaslin, Walker; Juno 21, 1861 ; disch, June 25, 1863, for 
wounds received at Fredericksburg Dec, 13, 1802, 

C, A, McLaughlin, Snow Shoe; disch, Nov. 211, 1802. 

Jolm Shively, Philipsburg, Corp.; disch, Nov. 211, 1802. 

William llinlon. Snow Shoe, corp : died Ocl. 4, 1802, of wounds received 
at Now Market CroRS-Boads June 30, 1802. 

David Fulton, Hecia, Corp.; killed at Fredericksburg Dec. 13, 1862. 

Kiuaiiuel Bower, Burn>ide; diid July 21, 1862, of wounds received at 
New Market Cross-Eoads June 3U, 1802. 

Benjaniiu 1!, Hall, Jlilcsl.urg. 


Askey, Eobert M., Snow Shoe ; June 21, lECI, to Jan, 11, 1864. 

Askey, James, BurnsiJe; Oct. 10, ItOl ; wounded June 30, 1802; disch. 

Dec. 2, 1862. 
Aston, Owen, Jr., Ilecla; June 21, 1861; disch, Oct. 16, 1802, for 

wounds received at Mechauicsville June 20, 1802. 
Arnold, William H., Bellulonte; .luiie21, 1801; disch, Oct, 0, 1862, for 

wounds received in action June 30, 1802, 
Askey, Jacob, Buruside; June 21, 1801; died at Camp Piei-pont, Va,, Nov. 

Askey, Robert M,, Snow Shoe; June 21, 1801; killed at Anlietam Sept. 

Boyles, James, Snow Shoe ; July 25, 1801 ; wounded at Wilderness M.ay 

6, 1864; absent in liosp. at muster out. 
Bullock, Parker W,, Boggs; Jnne 21, 1801; disch, Nov, 20, 1862. 
Bower, Jackson, Buruside ; wounded at Spottsylvania Conrt-House May 

10, 1804; trans, to Co, D, lillst Regt, P. V., Juno 11, 1804; veteran. 
Beightol.Joliu H., Snow Shoe; June 21,1861; killed at Mechauicsville 

June 20, 1SC2. 
Bradley, James, Walker; traus, to Co, D, 101st Regt, P. V., June 6, 

1804; vetei-an. 
Comer, Henry S., Walker; June 21, 1861 ; must, out with company June 

Comer, William, Hechi ; June 21, 1861 ; disch. June 21, 1863, for wouuds 

received in action Juno 30, 1862. 
Duseubury, William, Ilccln; traus. to Co. D, lOlst Regt, P, V,, June 0, 

)S61; vclerau. 

Elliot, George, Snow Shoo; June 21, 1801 ; dtoch, Nov. 20, 18«a, hy 0. 0. 

1.54, War Department. 
Etters, John B,, BiirnBldo ; June 21, 1801 ; died July 3, 1802, of wounds 

received n^Now Market Cross- Roads June 20, 1802, 
Eckley, Wharton, Snow Shoe ; Juno 21, 1801 ; killed at Mcchanlcsvillo 

Juno 20, 1802. 
Ennis, Dayton, Rush ; Juno 21, 1861 ; wounded and prisoner June 30, 

1802; died at New York Aug, 9, 1862. 
Fleming, Thomas E, ; June 21, 1861 ; absent, sick, at muster out, 
Fisher, Franklin, Bellefoiite; July 19, 1861 ; disch. on surg, cerllf, April 

24, 1863. 
Fraver, George, Taylor; Juno 21, 1861 ; disch. Oct. 23, 1862, for wounds 

received in action June 30, 1802. 
Gorman, Patrick, Snow Shoe ; June 21,1861 ; trans, from Vet, Res, Corps; 

must, out with company Juno 11, 1804 
Garritt, John H,, Walker ; June 21, 1801 ; disch, Feb, 27, 1803, for wounds 

received at Fredericksburg Dec. 13, 1802 
Glenn, Curtin A,, Milesburg; June 21,1861; killed at Fredericksburg 

Dec, 13, 1862, 
Green, Samuel, Snow Shoe ; Juno 21, 1801 ; deserted April 30, 1863. 
Ilames, William, Howard; June 21, 1801 ; trans, from Vet. Res. Corps; 

must, out with company June 11, 1804. 
Hughes, James, Howard ; June 21, 1801 ; disch. on surg, certif Feb, 0, 

Hintun, Harvey, How aid ; trans, to Co, D, 101st Regt, P, V., June C, 

1864 ; veteran, 
Hinton, George, Buruside; trans, to Co. D, 191st Regt, P. Y,, June 0, 

1804; veteran. 
Harnish, Allen, Worth ; June 21, 1801 ; died July 22, 1802, of wounds re- 
ceived at Mechauicsville June 26, 1862. 
Hinton, Isaac, Snow Shoe ; June 21, 1861 ; killed at New Market Cross- 

Roads Jnne 30, 1862. 
Halabaugh, Samuel, Bellefonte; June 21, 1861 ; died at Richmond Jan. 

22, 1803, of wounds received nt Fredericksburg Dec, 13, 1802, 
Kelly, Thomas, Snow Shoe; July 25, 1801 ; died Dec, IS, 1862, ol wounds 

received at Fredericksburg Dec. 13, 1862, 
King, William H„ Snow Shoe ; June 21, 1861 ; died .Tan, 18, 1804, at Con- 
valescent Camp, Va, 
Lucas, Isaac T,, Snow Shoe; Jnne 21, 1801 ; June II, 1S04, 
Lucas, Thomas B,, Snow Shoe ; July 25, 1801 ; disch. on surg. certif Dec, 

22, 1862 ; died May 31, 1803, at Snow Shoe, 
Lucas, Henry M,, Snow Shoe ; July 25, 1801 ; died Nov. 23, 1801, nt Camp 

Pierpont, Va. ; buried at Snow Shoe. 
Musser, John, Ferguson ; Sept. 1,1801; disch. on surg, certif Jan, '21, 

Murray, Joseph L., Snow Shoe; trans, toCo, D, lOlst Regt, P, V., JuneO, 

1804; veteran, 
MulhoHand, D. B,, Buruside; trans, to Co. D, 191st Regt. P, V,, June 0, 

1864; veteran. 
Murray, Patrick, Bellefonte; June 21, 1861; killed at Mechauicsville 

June 26, 1862. 
Mann, Joseph, Curtin; June 21,1861; killed at Gaines' Mill June 27, 

Michael, John H., Buruside; July 25, 1861; killed at New Market 

Cross-Roads Juno 30, 1862. 
McKean, James, Walker; June 21, 1861, to June 11, l'C4, 
McCaman, William, Howard; June 21, 1S6I, tii June 11,1804, 
McKinney, James, Howard; trans, to 191st Regt, P. A",, June 6,1804; 

McQuillan, Thomas, W(ilker; trans, to Co. D, 191st Regt, P, V,, June 

0,1804; veteran. 
Neal, David, Ferguson; Juno 21, ISGI ; disch. Oct. 9, 1862, for wounds 

received at Gaines" Mill Jnne 27, 1862. 
Osenwaltz, John, Snow Shoe ; Juno 21, 1801 ; disch. by G. 0. Nov, 20, 

Price, David, Snow Shoe ; June 21, 1801, to June 11, 1804, 
Parker, George E,, Rush ; trans, to Co. D, 191st Regt. P, V,, June 0, 1864 ; 

Kobb, Henry, Walker; Juno 21, 1861; com. 2d lieut, June 10, 1864; 

must, out with company Juno 11, 1864. 
Ross, Thomas, Buruside ; June 21, 1861 ; disch. Dec. 11, 1862. 
Eunk, John B,, Philipsburg; traus. to Co, D, 191st Eegt.P. V,, June 6, 

1804; veteran. 
Showers, Daniel, Walker ; June 21, 1801 ; wounded in action May 9, 1S64. 
Sniers, Joseph Y. ; July 25, 1801 ; prisoner fi-om May 23, 1864, to Apiil 

25, 1865; must, out June 6, 1865. 
Scott, Robert S , Snow Shoe ; July 25, 1801 ; nhsent, sick, at muster out 



Sweetwood, Levi, Snow Shoe ; July 25, 1861 ; trans, to Co. D, 191st Kegt. 

P. v., Juno 6, 1804; veteran. 
Shiffer, George W., Ferguson ; June 21, 18G1 ; disch. Nov. 20, 1862. 
Sarvey, Jobn, Burnside ; June 21, 1801 ; discll. on surg. certif. Oct. 26, '01. 
Shaner, Jolin.Boggs; July2o, 1S61; wounded June ao, 1862; disch. Oct. 

28, 1802. 
Treziyulny, J. F. P., Milesburg ; Juno 21, ISGl ; killed at Fredericksburg 

Dec. 13, 1802. 
■Williams, D.tvid, Philiiisburg; June 21, 1861, to June 11, 1804. 
Walter, John, Boggs; June 21, 1861, to June 11, 1864. 
Weaver, John T., Snow Shoe; Juno 21, 1861; discL. Jan. 26, 1863, for 

wounds received in action Jan. 30, 1862. 
White, James, Bollefoute ; Juno 21, 1861 ; disch. on surg. certif. Feb. 23, 

Williams, Herbert, Snow Shoe ; July 25, 1801 ; disch. for wounds received 

in action June 30, 1802. 
Tarncll, John B., Plnlipsliurg; June 21, 1861, to June 11, 1804. 

Miislered in ae Company E, iilh Pa. Sigl., or Isl Pa. Cav. 
Col. George D. Bnyard. 
Asst. Surg. Samuel Alexander, M.D., killed at Dranesville Nov. 26, 1861. 

Company C. 
Jonathari Wolf, Miles, capt.; res. Oct. 10, 1861. 
Eobert K. Liptou, Boggs, capt. ; pro. from 1st lieut. Oct. 1861 ; res. March 

31, 1862. 
Jeremiah Newman, Bellefonte, capt.; pro. to 1st lieut. March 1, 1802 : to 

capt. March 1, 1863 ; must, out Sept. 9, 1864. 
John A. Bayard, Bellefonte, 1st lieut. ; pro. from 1st sergt. Oct. 1861 ; 

res. Feb. 26, 1802. 
Samuel Liptou, Milesburg, 1st lieut. ; pro. to 2d lieut. May 1, 1862 ; to 

1st lieut. Feb. 10, 1803; res. March 18, 1803. 
Samuel T. Murray, Bellefonte, 2d lieut.; res. Dec. 1801. 
Charles L. Buffliigton, Milesburg, 2d lieut.; pro. from juivate to sergt.- 

maj. Nov. 23, 1801 ; to 2d lieut. and batt. adjt. Feb. 19, 1802. 
William C. Wilkey, Milesburg, q.m.-sergt.; pro. to sergt. January, 1862; 

wounded at Blieijlierdstuwn, Va., July 16, 1863 ; must, out with 

company Sept. 9, 1864. 
William Wilson (1st), Bellefonte, com.-sergt. ; pro. to sergt. February, 

1S63 ; must, out with company Sept. 0, 1S04. 
Jesse Frey, Boggs, sergt. ; pro. to sergt. November, 1861 ; trans, to bat- 

fcilion Sept. U, 1S04. 
William C. Murray, Milesburg, sergt. : disch. on surg. certif. Jan. 1, 1862. 
John L. Craft, Boggs, sergt.; pro. to sergt. September, 1862; wounded 
• July 28, 1864; trans, to batt. Sept. 'J, 1S04; pro. to 1st sergt.; to 

2d lieut. Co. F March 5,1865; trans, to 2d Eeg(. Prov. Cav. June 

17,1805; veteran. 
H. U. McCullougli, Milesburg, sergt.; killed at St. Mary's Church, Va., 

June 24, 1864. 
EdH io B. Holt, sergt.; pro. to sergt. Juno 10, 1863 ; trans, to 1st Pa. Cav. 
Jolin Williams, Boggs, sergt.; pro. to sergt. March, 1804; mustered out 

witli company Sept. 9, 1804. 
John Cooke, Milesburg, Corp. ; died Nov. 28, 1802; buried in Military 

Asylum Cemetery, D. U. 
Joseph Shook, UnioMVille, Corp.; disch. on surg. certif Oct. 14, 1862. 
WilliiMii Lnwicy, Ik-iiiier, corp. ; wound.-d at Brainly Station, Va., Juno 

9, ISCi:; ; Uillfd at lliiwes' Sl]..p, Va.. May 28, lfi64. 
Williaii] 11. l!iuk,Lilie:ty, coip. ; captiuvd atCidar Mountain, Va., Aug. 

:i, 1m;;; 1i;ui^, tr. Iiattalion Sept. 9, 1^64. 
Jos. [ill S. 111. Ill, llrlli'liiiite, Corp.; iliscli. Feb. 8, 1803. 
Williiiiii N , i;s« III tliy, Walker, Corp.; died July 23, 1804, of wounds re- 
ceived June ii, 1SC4; buried ii. National Cemetery, .\ilington. 
Samuel S. Krotztr, Spring, coij.,; must, out Sept. 9, ISQt. 
James V. Gault, Taylor, corp. ; woiindod at St. .Mary's Church, Va., June 

24, 1804. 
William Wyland, Boggs, corp. ; pro. to Corp. July 25, 1804. 

Anderson, Thomas K., Boggs; disch. Feb. 13, 1802. 
Bradley, John C, Walker ; disch. Jan. 10, 1863. 
Buck, William T., Marion ; disch. Jan. 16, 1803. 
Boell, Henry J., Bellefonte ; disch. Feb. 10, 1803. 
Bruss, George, Potter; died April, 1802, at Alexandria; grave 1106. 
Cheeseman, John, Boggs; must, out Sept. 9, 1864. 

Dewitt, Martin; Dec. 19, 1863; wounded and prisoner May 9, 1861 ; died 
at Audersonville Oct. 24, 1804; grave 11,394. 

Faucoy, Michael, Spring; disch. Aug. IS, 1862. 

Fulton, James, Walker; trans, to batt. Sept. 9, 1804. 

Fenton, Thomas B., Patton ; died March 18, 1802. 

Fell, Charles K., Boggs ; died August, 1803. 

Grassmire, William, Bellefonte; absent, in hospital, at must. out. 

Garrett, William, Spring; to Sept. 9, 1864. 

Gault, John J., Taylor; Feb. 20, 1804; 1865. 

Gisemite, Peter, Potter; disch. Sept. 1, 1861. 

Grant, Thomas W., Liberty; captured July 16, 1864; trans, to battalion 

Sept. 9, 1864 ; must, out July 15, 1805. 
Hunter, Daniel W., Walker; Sept. 9, 1804. 
llollaliaugh, Rankin, Boggs; disch. Jan. 4, 1804. 
Huller, Joseph, Spring; captured June 24, 1864; trans, to bait. Sept. 9, 

James, George, Milesburg; disch. Jan. 4, 1862. 
Kress, Mortimer, Benner; to Sept. 0, 1804. 
Keyes, Charles, Boggs; Sept. 9, 1864. 

Kearns, Patrick B., Bellefonte: wounded at Malvern Hill Aug. 10, 1804. 
Keys, James, Bellefonte; disch. Jan. 4,1862. 
Kline, Levi, Bellefonte; disch. Jan. 4, 1862. 
Kelly, Des Cartes, Harris ; di.sch. on surg. cert. March 10, 1863. 
Keyes, Abraham S., Milesburg; Aug. 12, 1861. 
Miller, James, Boggs ; Aug. 12, 1861 ; disch. Fob. 18, 1802. 
Mills, Samuel, Harris ; disch. Jan. 26, 1862. 
Morrison, Bernard, Spring; disch. Jan. 26, 1862. 
Miller, Abram V., Spring; April 1, 1862; discli. December, 1803. 
Martin, Hugh, Howard; disch. August, 1803. 
McMullin, Frank A., Boggs; trans. Sept. 9, 1864. 
Noll, John, Walker; wounded at Mine Run, Va., Nov. 27, 1803; died 

Jan. 19, ISO*; buried in Military Asylum Cemetery, D. C. 
Nyman, Milton, Bogjs ; disch. March 27, 1862. 
Nyman, Andrew B., Boggs; captured Nov. 16, 1803; died at Richmond, 

Va., March 9, 1864. 
Phnlon, Fenton, Spring; discli. March 27, 1803. 
Parr, Joseph, Liberty ; trans. Sept. 9, 1864. 

Reese, Valentine, Boggs; wounded at Cold Harbor, Va., May 30, 1864. 
Rider, James, Milesburg; Sept. 9, 1864. 
Rager, Alfred G., Boggs; Sept. 9, 1864. 
Roop, Ileuben, Harris; discli. March, 1863. 
Switzer, Crawford, Snow Shoe: Sejit. 9, 1804. 
Smith, David, Boggs; Sept. 9, 1864. 

Shilk, William, Milesburg; Aug. 27, 1861 ; Sept. 9, IS64. 
Summers, William, Boggs; Aug. 12, 1801 ; disch. Feb. IS, 1802. 
Stratton, Rufus D., Boggs; disch. Sept. 16, 1862. 
Struble, John C, Walker; trans. Sept. 9, 1S64. 
Saxton, Timolliy. Bellefoltte; Aug. 12, 1801 ; trans. Sept. 9, 1864. 
Swisher, Arthur, Union; Aug. 12, 1801. 
Sands, Henry D., Milesburg; disch. Oct. 9, 1862. 
Tate, David, Spring; Aug. 1, 1861; must, out Sept. D, 1804. 
Thomas, John H., Boggs; Aug. 12, IsOl ; disch. July 13, 1802. 
Ward, John, Snow Shoe : Aug. 12, 1861 ; disch. March 31, 1863. 
Watson, Stanley, Boggs; Aug. 12, 1801, to Sept. 9, 1804. 
Wilson, William (2d), Harris; Aug. 12, 1861, to Sept. 0, 1864. 
Witherite, William, Boggs; Aug. 12, 1861 ; died Oct. 27, 1863, Milit.iry 

Asylum, D. C. 
Wolf, Calvin, Snow Shoo; Aug. 12, ISGl, to April 0, 1802. 
Wilson, Thomas, Milesburg; Aug. 12, 1801 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps. 
Zechman, Heniy, Spring; Aug. 12, 1861 ; died June 13, 1864, of wounds 

received at Mill'oid Station ; buried at Alexandria, grave No. 2117; 




Company A, Forty-ninth Fennsyhania. 

Col. William H. Irwin. 

J. Miles Green, Milesburg, capt.; July 4, 1801; res. April 12, 1802. 

Andro« S. Davidson, Milesburg, 1st lieut.; July 4,1801; pro. to capt. 

May 12, 1802 ; res. Nov. 17, 1802. 
William D. Harper, Milesburg, 2d lieut.; July 4,1801; res. Feb. 20, 



Sergeartls, Aug. 19, 1861. 
.Tobn W. Spcnce, Milesbnr-g; disch. on surgeon's certificate. 
Jiinies A. Qiiiggle, Deocli Creek. Williiim Sellers, Liberty. 

J.ihii W. Slcvens, Liberty. 
Jolm M. Slovcua, Howiird ; disch. April 9, 1862. 

Corporiih, Aug. 19, 1801. 
Hiclmel JIcLimpiiliii, Milesbiirg. Lewis Wetzler, Boggs. 
William H. Confer, Howard : died May 24, 1802. 
Alexander W. Duke, Boggs; diacli. June 12, 1802. 
James Hill, Milesburg ; pro. to sergt.-nmj. May 12, 1804 ; diacli. Sept. 10, 

James A. Knole, Liberty; died Nov. 17, 1861. 
Daniel Swii es, Buggs. 

George W. Ilutton, Benner; must, out Sept. 9, 1864. 
Alex. J., Milesburg. 
Clement L. Murphy, Dogga, wagoner. 

Allen, Silas, Curtin. 
Ammerman, William U , Boggs ; pro. corp. June 17, 1804; must, out 

July 15, I860. 
Benner, John II., Benner. Bro^'n, Thomas, Beech Creek. 

Bowman, Samuel, Beech Creek. Cade, Charles W., Haines. 

Breath, Adam S., Howard. Cade, Erastua T , Haines. 

Bridgens, William A., Beech Creek. Confer, John, Liberty. 
Confer, J.anies M., Liberty ; died Nov. 13, 1861. 
Cnrrens, John, Beech Creek. Dale, Isaiah. 

Uckley, Joseph, Bogga; Aug. 19, 1801, to Sept. 15, 1864. 
Fennon, James H., Beech Creek. Farmer, Joseph, Boggs. 
Freim, Samuel F., Beech Creek. Fawver, James H. 

Haines, William, Howard; to Sept. 16, 1864. 
Ilarkless, George, Union ; to Sept. 15, 1804. 
Ilarleyraan, George F , Beech Creek. 
Ilarleyraaii, Thomas, Beech Creek. 

Ileaton, William, Boggs. Jodon, Peter, Clinton County. 

Iluir, William F., Beech Creek. Jones, H. P., Boggs. 

llvighey, James, Patton. Kaufman, D. M., Clinton County. 

Ilutton, George, Benner. Keys, Charles It., Blilesburg. 

Joilon, David, Clinton County. 
Kune3,Johu E., Liberty; to July 15, 1805. 
Lewis, William, Boggs. 

Lucas, Andrew, Boggs; wounded in action June 27, 1S02. 
Lucas Asbury W., Huston ; detached to Western Flotilla Jan. 15, 1862. 
Lucas, James S., Howard. McAfee, David, Patton. 

JlcCloskey, Campbell, Beech Creek. 

McGiuley, Edward, Boggs ; died July 25, 1862, at Harrison's Landing. 
McGiuley, I. G , Slile=hurg. McLaughlin, Michael, Milesburg. 

Martin, Andrew, Boggs. Miles, George W., Uuionville. 

Miller, Eli, Beech Creek. 

Miller, George W., Bellefonto ; disch. for disability. 
Miller, George, Boggs. 

Moses, Andrew, Boggs ; detached to Western Flotilla Jan. 15, 1862. 
Moyer, John, Patton. Murphy, C. L., Boggs. 

Myei-s, John S. Periy, Cluirles, Clinton County. 

Poorman, Joseph, Boggs. Potts, Israel. 

Keading, Amos, Clinton County. Kicker, John, Liberty. 

Pvigg, William. 

liose, Thomas, Boggs ; died August, 1862, in hospital in Philadelphia. 
Rose, William, Boggs. Kuple, Joseph, Clinton County. 

Ptyan, Timothy, Clinton County. Selzer, John, Mile^bnrg. 

Sennet, Michael, Boggs; disch. for disability at Washington. 
Shope, William E., Milesburg. Singer, William, Liberty. 

Sjianglcr, Jonas, Liberty. Slcwai f, William T., lii.ggs. 

Sunday, Lewis, Benner. Veinetter, Joseph, Clinton County. 

Walker, David, Boggs. Walker, Wilson. ' 

Walker, Williiim, Boggs. Williams, Valentino. 

Witheiite, George, Boggs. 

A\'olf, Charles, Slilesburg; detailed as brigade teamsfer July 12, 1802. 
AVorkman, Jacob, Liberty. 

EiiUslcd at EoahhuYfj, jliii;. 31,1861, awl vinsferi-d into the Uni'ed Stales ser- 
vice asComprtny G, Forty iiititli liegiate»t^ Jan. 11, 1802. 
The officers and privates of Ihiaconipany were transferred to Company 
- C, Koity-Minth R.-gimcut, and Cunipaiiy G was filled up wUh dvaflcd 

Jolm Boal, Harris, eapt. ; res. Oct. 25, 1802, on account of 111 lu-allli; re. 

entered the service, first as capt.of a militia company in emergency, 

1803; com. Aug. ll,1803,capt. of Co. A, 9th Pa. CBV.(!l2d Bcgt. Pa.); 

killed at Avorysboro', N. C, on Sherman's march, March 13, 180.') ; 

buried at Raleigh, N. C, sec. 20, grave 63. 
A. Boyd Hutchinson, Potter, 1st lieut.; pro. to cnpt. Oct. 20, 1862; 

wounded at Rappahannock Station Sept. 0, 18C3 ; at Cold Harbor 

.Tune 1, 1804; must, out Dec. 19, 1864. 
William Reed, Ferguson, 2d lieut.; disch. March 4, 1862. 


James P. Smith, Gregg ; pro. sergt.-maj. Nov. 1, 1S62 ; 2d lieut. Nov, 16, 
1862; Istlieut. Feb. 25, 1864; wounded and taken prisoner at O.ld 
Harbor Junel, 1804; capt June 3, 1866; must, out July 16, 1865. 

James T.Stuart, Harris; pro. 2d lieut. March 10, 1.S02; to 1st lieut. Nov. 
16, 1862; wounded at Rappahannock Station Seiil. 7, 1SG3; to capt. 
Feb. 25, 1864; wounded at Spottsylvania May 10, 1804; com. niaj. 
June 29, 1805; lleut.-col. July 14, 1865. 

William P. Kephart, Rock Forge ; pro. capt. Co. I March 3, 1804; killed 
at Spottsylvania May 10, 1804. 

Christian Dale, Harris; pro. 2d lieut. March 4, 1804; wounded at Spott- 
sylvania; 1st lieut. Dec. 18, 1804; capt. June 27, ISO.'.. 

George Ketuer, Potter; killed in action at Winchester, Va , Sept. 10, 

William P. Shoop, Harris; pro. to sergt. March 10, 1802 ; disch. by rea- 
son of disability Feb. 7, 1803; re-eutered the service as 1st lieut of 
U. S. colored troops. 

Jeremiah C. Brown, Harris; scrgt.; Nov. 11, 1862; disch. on cxpiratioa 
of term of service, Oct. 25, 1804. 

John ¥'. Woods, Gregg; disch. Oct. 31, 1864. 

Jacob McCoole, Kergnstm; reduced to private at his own request Nov. 1, 
1861 ; disch. July 15, 1865. 

William H. H. Musser, Gregg; wounded at Winchester Sept. 10, 1864 ; 
disch. Oct. 23, 1864. 

William Youtz, Potter; killed at Spoltsylvaiiia May 10, 1S04. 

Griffith Lytlo, Harris; wounded at Kapi>alianiiock Stalion Sept. 7, 1801, 
at Cold Harbor June 1, 1864; discb Oct. 23,1804. 

Jolm Miller, Harlis; pro. to sergt. Sept. 19, 1804; disch. July 15, ISG.'i. 

Musician James F.Henderson, Rock Forge; trans, to Invalid Corps 
Sept. 30, 1863. 

Musician James H. Henderson; pro. to private Nov. 1, 1862. 

William Shafer, Putter; wagoner; died of disease St-pi, 4, 1802. 

Albright, Israel, Potter; wounded at Cold Harbor Juiiel,lSC4; disch. 

Oct. 23, 1804. 
Albright, John, Potter, to Oct. 23, 1S04. 
Alters, William, Gregg; wounded at Cold Harbor June 1, 1S04 ; disch. 

Oct. 23, 1804. 
Ammerman, Joseph, Harris ; to July 15, 1805. 
Armbruster, Gottlieb, Gregg ; Aug. 31, ISOl, to July 16, 1865. 
Benner, Horatio M., Potter; killed at Hanover Conrt-Hoiiee May 10, 

Benner, John D., Benner; Jan. 30, 1802, to Jan. 30, 1S05. 
Boozer, William K., Potter; d scli. Feb. 6, IS63. 
Breon, James I., Gregg ; died of disease Dec. 15, 1862. 
Breyman, Willliam,'Potter; disch. Jan. 17. 1863. 

Burkhcimer, Jolm E., taken July 24, 1803, near White Plains, Va. ; ex- 
changed December, 1804; disch. Jan. 23, 1S65. 
Cain, Calvin, Gregg; sergt. March 4,1864; killed in action at Sailor's 

Creek, Va., April 6, 1865. 
Campbell, David S , Harris; disch. Nov. 10, 1863. 
Campbell, .losph C, Harris; corp. Oct. 23,1804; wounded at Cold Harbor 

June 1, 1S04; disch. July 16, 186S. 
Campbell. William F., Harris ; disch. Aug. 1, 1862. 
Colyer, William, Harris ; disch. Nov. 29,' 1804. 
Corbin, William, Harris; captured on picket July 24, 1863 ; died at An- 

dersonville, Ga., Aug. 22, 1864, grave No. 6237. 
Crothwaite, John T., wounded at Cold Harbor June 1, 1S64; disch Oct. 

23, 1804. 
Ducy, John M., Harris; wounded at Cold Harbor June 1. 1804 ; pro. to 

corp Sept. 19, 1804 ; died, April 8, 1865, in field hospital, of wounds 

received at Sailor's Creek, Va., April 0, ISOo. 
Dunkle, John N., Gregg; July 15, 1805. 
Dpgan, James, Han is; died of discise at .Mexaudria, Va., Dec. 2, 1S62, 

grave 669. 



Eclienrutli, Cliafli'S, Harris; disch. Foli. C, 1803. 

Fulton, John, Hiuris; killi'd by ciiUision of cars Sept. 21, 1861. 

Cilbtrt, DaviJ, Uiirris; niortiiljy wounded st Williamsburg May 5,1862; 

died at general hospital, I'liiladelphia, May 10, 1862. 
Gilbert, .liUnes, Harris; Oct. 23, 1804. 
Glenn, Tbonnis, Harris; pro. to Corp. Nov. 1, 1801 ; died at Alexandria, 

Va, Sept. 28, 1862. 
Harper, Jolin L., Poller; Oct. 2:i, 1864. 

Ilcwcs, William P., Potter; died ill llospital at Pliiladelpbia May 21,1862 
Hess, Joseph C, Potter; wounded on picket May 20,1864; disch. Dec. 8, 

Hoy, Jolin H , Harris ; disch. July 27, 1804, for disability. 
Johnston, HngliT., Spring ;sergt. March 4, 1804; 2d lieut. Dec. 17,1804; 

1st lient. Jniie 20,1805; must, out July 15,1805. 
Kaup, William, Harris; Oct. 23, 1804. 

Kennelly, Jiinies, Gregg; disch. Oct. 22, 1802, for disability. 
Kuarr, Levi P., Gregg; disch. Feb. 20, 1803, for disability. 
Koon, Peter, lliirns; disch. Sept. 18, 1802, for disability. 
Lauver, Charles, Potter; disch. .Ian. 31, 1SC3, for disability. 
Lauver, Henry E., Potter; di«li. Oct. 23, 1804. 
Liclily, William, Potter; disch. Oct. 23, 1864. 
Lo\vry,Joseiih, Beuuer; disch. Oct. 23,1804. 

Lowry, Lot, Benner ; died in general hospital of disease Dee. 15. 1862. 
Mclllialton, William, Harris; disch. Oct. 26, 1862, for disability. 
Mayes, Thomas C, Harris; disch. Oct. 23, 1804. 

Mussel, John, Penn ; killed on picket June 16, 1802, near Richmond, Va. 
Orr, Lut, Poller; died of diseiise Aug. 21, 1802. 

Parker, Daniel S., lienner; killed iu collision of cars Sept. 21, 1801. 
I'allen, James A., Harris; disch. Oct. 2i, 1864. 
r.ayniond, tavid, Pattou; disch. Juue l.S, 1862, for disability, 
r.aymond, Solomon, Marion; disch. June IS, 1802, for disabiliiy. 
llighter.J.imeB, Harris. 
Scriber, John E., Harris. 
Shoilhill, James, Pattou; disch. Jan. 30, 1803. 
Smith, Jaob, Harris; wounded at Cold Harbor June 1,1804; disch. July 

15, 1865. 
Taylor, William H., Potter; to Oct. 23, 1804. 
Thompson, George W., Huston ; to July 15, 1805. 
Toot, Tlionnis, Grejig; July 15, 1866. 

Toner, William 11,, Harris: disch, Oct. 14, 1802; disability. 
Wagner. D. F., liell.funle ; Oct. 23, lt(,4. 
Wilson, James, Doalsburg; died Aug. 14, 1862, of disease. 
Wolf, Frank C, Potter; wounded May 1, 1864 ; disch. Jan. 17, 1865. 
Working, Samuel, Potter; Oct. 23, 1864. 
Yeager, Andrew J., Huston ; captured May 26, 1804 ; died at Anderson- 

ville, Ga. 
Young, Israel, Harris; March 25, 1802, to March 25, 1805. 

Barto, Jacob, Ilalf-JIoon. Coil, Samuel, Ferguson. 

Frain, Cliarles D., Marion ; Sept. 1, 1801 : pro. to coip. May 12, 1804 ; to 

sergt. Nov. 30, 1804; disch. July 16, 1803. 
Fiavcl, John, Marion. 
Hai-dinglou, L., Marion ; died Jan. IQ, 1803. 
Hoilacker, James M., Liberty; Sept. 19, 1861, to April 21, 1802. 
Holmes, John, Marion. 

Kanp, William, Howard; Aug. 31, ISOl, to Oct. 23', 1804. 
Kliiig, Abialiiim, Jlarion. Moyer, John, Huston. 

I'otter, Israel, Liberty. 

Richards, John. Marion ; Aug. 14, 1861, to 1865. 
Ross, John, Bui iiside. Ross, John, Marion. 

Smith, Homer S,, Jlarion ; Aug. 16, 1801, to Oct. 2:!, 1864. 
Smith, JolLii 11,, million. Snyder, Stephen, Taylor. 

Transire, .Slepln ii, .'Maiion; Aug. 21,1861; pro. from sergt.-mnj. April 

7, l.-^OO, to 1st lient.; April 20, 1866. 
Wakefield, W. H , Jlai ion ; pro. Iroiu 1st lieut. to capt, Aug. 12, 1S62 ; to 

luaj. June 15, 1864; to col, Juue 14, 1866. 
Walkins, William, Marion; Aug. 14, 1801, to July 16,1805. 
Wenig, Calvin J,, Marion; Aug. 14, 1801, to July 16, 1805. 
Wilson, Oliver P , Walker. Wirlh, Jacob, Sliles. 

Wolf, Gideon, Marion; Aug. 31, 1801, to Oct. 23, 1804. 
Walizer, Andrew, Jlarion; Aug. 10, 1801, to July 15,1805. 
Col. Johu F. Harllanft. 
Date of uiuslcr, Oct. 17, 1861. 

Field mid Slnjf OJicers. 
Curtin B, Stoneroad, sergt.-maj.; pro. to 2d lieut. Co. G, June 25,1864. 
Daniel P. Bible, adjt. ; res. June 5, 1862. 

Company G. 
Austin B. Snyder, Bellefonto, capt. ; res. Feb. 12, 1802. 
William H. Blair, Bellefonte, capt.; pro. from 1st lieut. to capt. Feb. 12, 

1802; 10 col. 179th Regt. P. V. Doc. 19, 1802. 
John R. Gilliland, Snow Shoe, capt.; pro. to 2d lieut. March 1, 1802; to 

1st lieut. Jan. 11, 1863; to capt. Juue 3,1864; must, out Oct. 10, 

George B. Campbell, Union, 1st lieut. ; pro. to 2d lieut. Jan. II, 1863 ; to 

1st lieut. Juue 6, 1804 ; must, out Oct. 16, 1S04. 
Johu Guusallns, Snow Shoe, 1st lieut.; pro. to 2d lieut. Jan. 14, 1865; to 

1st lient. Feb. 13, 1805; must, out July 27, 1865; veteran. 
Curtin B. Stoneroad, Bellefonte, 2d lieut.; pro. from sergt. -niHJ. to 2il 

lient. June 26, 1804; to capt. Oct. 20, 1864 ; disch. Dec. 31, 1804, for 

wounrls received in action Aug. 19, 1804. 
George Decker, Walker, 2d lieut.; pro. to 2d lieut. Feb. 13, 1S65; must. 

out July27, 1S65; veteran. 
Edward Shannon, Union, sergt.; must, out with company July 27,1865. 
David Touts, Penn, sergt. ; must, ont with company July 27, 1866. 
D. C. Aninierman, Union, sergt.; pro. from Corp. to sergt. March 9, 1805 ; 

must, out July 27, 1865. 
Joseph A. Clark, Burnsidc, sergt.; must, out Oct. 10, 1864. 
Louis Cartinjoel, Benner, sergt. ; pi'o. to q.m.-seigt. March 9, 1805. 
Joseph J. Peter, Union, sergt, ; died at Bellefonte, Pn., April 6, 1805. 
Adam Grassmire, Spring, sergt.; disch. 
Josepli H. Ammeiman, Unionville, Corp.; to July 27, 1865. 
John F. Bower, Burnside, corp. ; Feb. 29, 1804, to July 27, 1865. 
Jacob Casher, Beuuer, Corp. ; pro. to corp. March 8, 1S05; must, out July 

27, 1806. 
Robert Hinton,Snow Shoe, Corp.; pro. to corp. March 9,1806; must, out 

July 27,1866; veteran. 
John E. Wilt, Gregg, corp ; killed at Wilderness May 6, 1864; veteran. 
James Howling, Bellefonte, Corp.; killed at Antietam Sept. 17, 1802. 
Hezekiah Dixson, Bellefonte, Corp.; disch. on >uig. cert. 
James Holmes, Marion, Corp.; disch. on surg. cert. 
James Elder, Marion, Corp.; to Oct. \0, 1804. 


Aninierman, Thomas, Union ; to Oct. 10, 1804. 

Allen, William, Ferguson. 

Aninierman, John E., Boggs; died at Covington, Ky. 

AUard, John, Bellefonte; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps. 

Bowes, Levi, Burnside ; to July 27, 1865. 

Beightol, Jacob S, Beuner; to Oct. 10,1804. 

Bruce, James, Boggs; disch. Nov. 28, 1804. 

Beightol, James, Snow Shoe; died at Snow Shoe. 

Baird, Tlieophilus, Ualf-Moou; discli. for wounds received at Camden, 
N.C. . 

Bowes, Rulland, Burnside ; disch. September, 1802. 

Cox, George, Spring ; Oct. 16, 1804, to 180.5. 

Carson, Frederick-, Snow Shoe; Sept. 2',l, 1804; drafted to Juno 1, 1806. 

Cramer, Henry, Oct. 10, 1801; died in Centre Co., Pa., March 10, 1804. 

Callalian, Charles, Walker; Oct. 17, 1801; trans, to 2d U. S. 

Dillon, Miles, Uniouville; Oct. 17, 1801; killed at Autietum, Sept. 17, 

Deckmun, Daniel, Spring ; Oct. 17, 1801 ; trans, to Vet. Kes. Corps. 

Dowling, Edward, Bellefonte; Oct. 17, 1861 ; iliscli, on surg. cert. 

Dolan, James, Ilellefonte; Oct. 17, 1801; disch for Wounds received at 
Newberne Feb. 8, 1802. 

Derstine, John F., Oct. 17, 1801, to Oct. 10, 1864. 

Ettcrs, B. F., Burnside ; Feb. 20, 1804 ; died May 24, 1804 ; buried iu Na- 
tional Cemetery, Ailington, Va. 

Felzer, Andrew, Boggs: drafted Sept. 27, 1804, to June 1, 1866. 

Fie, Joliu, Burnside ; Feb. 29, 1864, to July 27, 1866. 

Frieze, Daniel, Snow Shoe ; Oct. 17, 1861, to Oct. 10, 1804. 

Force, David, Burnside; disch. 1862. 

Frazier, Archy, Burnside ; died at Beaufort, S. C, 1802. 

Fisher, Jolin J., Union ; trans, to 2d U. S. Cav. Oct. 22, 1802 ; died March 
14, 1S0:1, at Washington, D. C. 

Ganimo, James, Boggs ; Oct. 17, 1861 ; drowned 1862. 

Ilollabaugh, K. C, Benner; to Juno 1, 1S66. 

Heiuel, John, Walker; to Juue 1, 1866. 

Hall, William P., Union. Hall, Andrew, Union. 

Hollabaugh, John ; drafted Sept. 27, 1864, to Juue, 1805. 



nooTan, John H., Uniouvillo. Irwin, Thomas, BurnsiJe. 

Jolineton, Barnlinrt, Bellffontp ; diach. 
King, Jnnips K., Murcli 20, 1804, to July 27, 18C8. 
King', Abniliam B.. March 29, 1864, to Jnl.v 27, 1805. 
Katon, Jamos F., Unlonville ; trans, to Vet. Kes. Corps. 
'Katon. Wesley, llnionvillo; died Sept. 23, 1802: buried in Military Asy 

luni Cemetery, D. C. 
Kearnes, John, Bellefonte; rtisch. Kearnes, Martin, Spring; disch. 
Killinger, Samuel, Bellefonte ; trans, to 2d C. S. Cuv. 
Lucas, Jauies G., Bnrnside ; Oct. 16, 1801. 
Loeb, Marx A., Bellefonte. 

Lucas, Jesse G., Snow Shoe; trans, to Vet. Kes. Corps. 
Meisse, George, Spring; to Oct. 10, 1804. 
Moore, William, Spring; disch. 

Morrison, Calvin S., Unionville; died at Covington, Ky. 
Miller, John, Spring; discli. for wounds received at Bull Kun. 
McCafferty, Thomas, Bellefonte; to July 27, IJ-OS. 

Noll, John S., Sept. 29, 1804 ; drafted ; disch. June 1, 1805. i 

Fletcher, Uenry, Sept. 28, 1804; drafted; disc.h. Jdne 1, 180.5. 
Poorman, Wilson, Snow Shoe; Sept. 27, 1804; drafted; disch. June 1, 

1805. ' 

roorman, James, Snow Shoe; Sept. 27, 1804 ; drafted ; to June 1, I860. 
Powers, Patrick, Bellefonte; disch. April 24, 1804; veteran. 
Powers, James, Bellefonte ; disch. for wounds received at Camden, N. C, 

April 19, 1802. 
Rogers, George W., Spring ; Oct. 16, 1804. 
Eapp, Jacol>, Burnside; tians. to Vet. Res. Corps. 
Resides, William, Benuer ; disch, for wounds received at Fredericksburg, 

Dec. 13, 1862.1 
Roan, Henry A., died at Covington, Ky., 1863. 
Sliowers, Daniel, Walker; trans, to 2d U. S. Cav. 
Search, William, Walker ; trans, to 2d U. S. Cav. 
Scolt, James A., Snow Shoe ; trans, to 2d U. S. Cav. 
Troy, Jeremiah, Half-Moon ; Sept. 3, 1803 ; died Aug. 1, 1804, of wounds 
received at Petersburg ; buried in 9tli A.C. Cem., Sleade Station, Va. 
Troy, John, Ualf-Moon ; Feb. 23, 1804; died at Hanisburg, Pa., March 

Troy, Samuel, Half Moon; died. 
WUsou, William P., Unionville; to Oct. 18, 1804. 
Watson, William, Burns de; disch. by special order. 
Wbippo, Newton. Union ; 1801 ; disch. on snrg. cert. 
Wenrick, William, Gregg; killed at Antietam Sept. 17, 1802. 
Watson, Jackson, Buruside ; 1801 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps. 
Wylands, Lewis A., Bellefonte; died. 

Youu", William, Walker; disch. for wonnds received at Antietam Sept. 
17,' 1802 ; rc-enl. Nov. 16, 1S03 ; killed at Petersburg June 18, 1804. 


x» A. 


Field and Staff Officers feom Centre Cou.vtt. 

John I. Cnrtin, col. April 13, 1803; lieut.-col. Sept. 14, 1802; brev. brig.- 

gen. Oct. 12, 1804. 
James A. Beaver, lieut. ; pro. to col. of USth Begt. Sept 12, 1862. 
Theodore Gregg, lieut.-coI.; pro. from Ciipt. of Co. F Sept. 23, 1804; pris- 

oner Sept. 30, 1804, to February, 1863. 
George L. Potter, surgeon ; res. Aug. 1, 1803. 
Theodore S. Christ, surgeon; pro. from asst. Aug. 4, 1862. 
Rev. William J. Gibson, chaplain, Oct. 1, 1861; res. Jan. 1, 1804. 
Harvey H. Beiiner, sergt.-maj. Nov. 1, 1801. 
Jacob Meese, sergt.-maj . Dec. 22, 1804. 
II. S. Thompson, sergt.-maj Feb. 8, 1805. 
Amos Mullen, q.m.-sergt. Oct. 21, 1801 ; prisoner Dec. 14, 1663, to Nov, 

19, 1804. 
Charles Cook, q.m.-sergt. May 21, 1805. 
W G Hunter, ho.'spltal steward, Nov. 20, 1861. 
Job. R. Strickland, musician, Sept. 15, 1861, to Sept. 27, 1862. 
J. H. Myers, Bellefonte, sutler. 

John I. Cnrtin, rapt.; pro. to maj. July 30, 1802. 

William W. Tyson, Spring township, cnpt.; pro. to 2d llcut. Dec.2, 1801 ; 
to 1st lieut. Aug. 17, 1802; to capl. Sept. 25, 1802 ; mint, out Oct. 2W, 
Rowland C. Cheeseman, Bogirs, capl.; pro. to lit sergt. Sept. 25, 1802; to 
2d lieut. March 18,1803; to capt. Co. F Sept. 29, 1864; wounded «t 
Blue Springs, Ky., Oct. 10, 180:1, and at Poler>burg, V«., June IS, 
1864 ; wounded and prisoner Sept. ■',», 1864 ; trans, from Co. F March 
24, 1865 ; wounded, with loss of right leg, at 1'elen.l.urg April 2, 
1865; brev. maj April 2,1805; must, out July 17, 1865. 
Theodore Gregg, Boggs, 1st lieut.; pro. to adjt. Oct. 2i, 1861. 
William P. Grove, Howard, Ist lieut.; pro. from 2d lieut. Oct. 22. 1861 ; 
died Sept. 22, 1802, of wounds rec. at South Mountain Sept. 14, 18G2. 
Cornelius W. Harrald, Bellefonte, 1st lieut.; pro. from 1st sergt. to 2d 

lieut. ; to 1st lieut. Sept. 25, 1802 ; res. Jan. 9, 1803. 
Waldo C. Vanvalin, Unionville, Ist lieut. ; pro. 10 1st sergt. Sept. 4, 1862 ; 
to 2d lieut. Sept. 25, 1802; to Ist lieut. March 18, 1S63; must, out 
July 17, 1805. 
Joseph Funk, Boggs, 2d lieut,; pro. from Ist sergt. Sept. 28, 1801; must. 

out July 17,1865. 
John F. Hollihan, Harris, 1st sergt.; pro. to Ist sergt. March 1,1863; 

wounded at Petersburg July 30, 1864; must, out Oct. 20, 1804. 
John Funk, Howard, 1st sergt.; pro. to 1st sergt. Oct. 10, 1804; must. 

out July 17, 1805. 
And. J. Goodfellow, Boggs, sergt.; wounded at Cold Harbor June 3,1804; 

pro. to sergt. Dec. 1, 1S64 ; must out July 17, 1805. 
Thomas Bathurst, Boggs, sergt. ; pro. to sergt, March 10, 1864; must. 

out July 17, 1865; veteran. 
John A. Daley, Cnrtin, sergt.; wounded at Cold Harbor June 3, 1804, 
and at Petersburg Sept. 30, 1864; pro. to sergt. Oct. 1, 1861; mnst. 
out July 17, 1805. 
Matthew Riddle, sergt.; pro. to corp. Jan. 1, 1865; to sergt. June 27. 

1805 ; must, out July 17, 1805. 
Jacob Meese, Howard, sergt.; pro. from corp. to sergt. March 23, 1804 ; 

to sergt.-maj. Dec. 22,1804. 
George W. Young, Bellefonte, sergt. ; pro. to sergt. Sept. 18, 1802 ; trans. 

to 61h U. S. Cav. Oct. 22, 1802. 
Theophilns Lucas; pro. to sergt. Jan. 1, 1865; must, out July 17, 1805. 
Thomas Craft, Corp. ; March 4, 1862 ; mnst. out July 17, 1865. 
Theodore Shirk, Boggs, Corp.; wounded at Antietam Sept. 17, 1862, and 
at Poplar Spring Church, Va., Sept. 30, 1864 ; must out July 17, 
Tlieo. G. Leathers, Howard, corp. ; must, out July 17, 1805. 
George I, Ferree, Corp. ; prisoner from Sept 30, 1804, to March 9, 1805; 

must, out July 17, 1865. 
David Williams, corp. ; prisoner from July 30 to Aug. 11, 1804; must. 

out July 17,1805. 
Philip Stout, prisoner from Sept. 30, 1804, to April 25, 1805 ; must, out 

July 17, 1805. 
Lewis C. Bullock, Huston, Corp.; must out Oct 20. 1804. 
Frank Ho"-an, Howard, Corp.; must, out Oct. 20, 1804. 
George W°Lo'ng, Howard, corp.; at Blue Springs, Ky., Oct. 10, 

1803: disch. on surg! certif. Oct. 4, 1804. 
Daniel Hannah, Boggs, corp.; disch. on surg. certificate July 27,1804. 
George Eminhizer, Boggs, Corp.; Aug. 15, 1802; wounded at Bine 

Springs, Ky., Oct, 10, 1803 ; disch, by G. 0. June 7, 1805. 
diaries Cook, Howard, Corp. ; pro. to com -sergt. May 21, 1S05. 
Andrew P. Grove, Howard, corp. ; captured ; died at Andersonville Nov. 

1, 1804. 
John H. Crock, Howard, corp ; captured Dec, 18, 1803; died at Audei- 

Bonville Aug, 1, 1804; grave 4512, 

Abraham Eminhizer, Boggs, corp,; died June 11,1804, of wounds re- 
ceived at Cold Harbor, Va,, June 3, 1804 ; buried in National Cem- 
etery, Arlington. 

John Whiteman, Howard, musician ; must, out July 17, 1805. 

Falkin B. Williams, Huston, musician ; wounded at Antietam Sept. 17, 
1802; at Blue Springs, Ky., Oct. 10, 1803; auJ at Petersburg Juue 
17, 1804 ; must, out July 17, 1865. 

1 William Besides was the first man who crossed the bridge at Antie- 
tam. He lost his left arm, and was wounded In the leg at Fredericks- 


Beck, David M,, Howard ; Aug. 10, 1861 ; must, out July 17, 1SG5. 
Botoff, Benjamin B., Howard ; Feb. 21, 1864; prisoner from Sept. 30, 

1864, to March 9, 1805 ; must, out July 17, 1803. 
Baker, Chalks J,,Uow.ird; died S' pt, 27, 1 802, of wounds received at 

Auliotam Sept, 17, 1802, 



Bailey, DaviJ M., trann. to eili U. S. Cav. Nov. 1, 1864. 

liodle, James, died April 10, 18G4, nt Aunapolis. 

Buyer, Abraliara, Curtin; captured Sept. 30, 1804; died at Salisljury, 

N. C, Nov. 1, 1804. 
Boyer, Jacob, Ciutiii ; discli. April 2.5, 1802. 
Brittori, Daniel F., discli. March 17, 1803. 
Coiiley, Jesse, Spring; trans, to Vet.Bes. Corps Oct. 11, 1803. 
Crock, Aaron, must, out July 17, 1805. 

Crock, Emauuel, Howard; died at Beverly, N. J., Oct. 3, 1804 ; veteran. 
Coyle, Porter, captured Dec. 18, 18C3 ; died at Andersouville, Ga., Nov. 

4, 1804; burial record April 9, 1804; grave 445. 
Campbell, Jacob, lioggs; killed at South Mountaiu Sept. 14, 1802; buried 

in National Cemetery, Antietam; section 20, lot C, grave 301. 
Cline, Joseph J., Huston; trans, to Otli U. S. Cavalry. 
Campbell, Thomas, Boggs; disch. Dec. 3, 1802. 
Duhaas, .lames, March 13, 1802; wounded at 'Wilderness May 0,1804; 

absent in hospital at muster out. 
Daughenbangh, 1!., disch. Keb. 14, 1803; re.-enl. March 10,1804; mus- 
tered out with company July 17, 1805. 
Dehaas, Thomas, disch. March 1, 1803. 

DriebelWs, Peter, March 12, 1802; trans, to Cth U. S. Cav. Oct. 27, 1802. 
Dreibelbis, Stephen, March 1, ise2; died of wounds received at South 

Mountain Sept. 14, 1802. 
Evy, Jeremiah, Benner; died at Crab Orchard, Ky., Nov. 8, 1803. 
Kcliley, William L.,Burnside; Sept 10, 1801 ; dischaiged, date unknown. 
Elian, William II., Gregg; died at Fort Seward, S. C, Dec. 14, 1801. 
Funk, William, Howard ; killed at South Mountain Sept. 14, 1802. 
Fravel, Jeremiah, Pattou ; disch. Fob. 10, 1803. 
Funk, George W., Howard ; disch. April 22, 1802. 
Falty, Jacob, Boggs; must, out July 17, 1805; veteran. 
Flack, William, Howard ; must, out Oct. 20, 1804. 
Glenn, James H., Benncf; killed at South Mountain Sept. 14, 1802. 
Gill, George W., Huston ; must, out Oct. 20, 1804. 
Glenn, Martin L., Benner; killed at Wilderness May 6, 18C4. 
Hulier, Noah N., Spring ; trans, to Otli U. S. Cavalry Oct. 27, 1802. 
Hunter, George F., Boggn; must, out Oct. 20, 1804. 
Haines, Eudolpli, disch. May 18, 1805. 
Heveily, John, Harris; must, out Oct. 20, 18C4. 
Haines, James P., Howard ; must, out Oct. 20,1804. 
Hart?ock, William A., Huston ; disch. Nov. 21, 1802. 
Haines, John, Liberty ; disch. Dec. 20, 1802. 

Holier, Belij. F., Howard ; trans, to Vet. lies. Corps Oct. 11, 1803. 
lU-nJeisholt, David, Spring; died at Mildred, Miss,, July 31, 1863. 
Hoover, Israel, wounded at AntieUini Sept. 17, 1802 ; must, out July 17, 

1805; veteran. 
Jidinsnii, Charles, Boggs; killed at Petersburg July 30, 1864; veteran. 
Knoll, Iia C, Howard; wounded at Cold Harbor Juno 7, 1854; trans, to 

Vet, lies. Corps Feb. 25, 1805. 
Knoll, Discordus, Howard ; murdered by a citizen at New London, Ky., 

Nov. 1,1803. 
Lucas, John M,, Feb. 22, 1864; W(mndcd at Spottsjivauia Court-Houso 

May 12, 1804; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps. 
Lucas James J., Boggs ; disch. Dec. 2.3, 1802. 
Leathers, William T., trans, to Olh U.S. Cavalry Nov. 1, 1864. 
Leathers. Theodore, must, out July 17, 1805. 
Long, John, Dec 24, 1801 ; disch. Sept. 24, 1862. 
Jliissor, Benjamin F., Boggs. 

Miller, Jacob V., Spring; killed at South Mountain Sept. 14, 1802. 
MehalTey, Michael P , Howard ; trans, to Vet. Bes. Corps Oct. 11, 1863. 
JIalligan, James, Howard ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Oct. 11, 1803. 
Miller, John, Bellefonte; Feb. 17, 1802; trans, to Olh U.S. Cavalry, Oct. 

Moore, John, March 13, 1802; disch: on surg. certif. Juno 1, 1803. 
Moore, George, JIarch 13, 1802 ; killed at North Anna May 27, 1804 ; 

Martin, Daniel, Boggs; died May 10, 1804. 
McElhoe, George W., Buggs; disch. April 22,1802. 
McMullen, William P., Boggs; must, out Oct. 2U, 1804. 
McElhoe, Calvin, Feb. 11, 1804; wounded at Cold Harbor June 3,1864; 

disch. July 12, 1803. 
Pifer, George D., trans, to Co. I, 53d Kegt. P. V., Oct. 10, 1861. 
Peoples, Wdliam W., must, out Oct. 20, 1864. 
Peace, Jai ins, Feb. 11, 1864; wounded at Petersburg June 11, 1864; disch. 

on surg. certif. May 7, 1865. 
Eobison, Thomas, disch. Oct. 27, 1802. 
Eeeder, William, Boggs: died of wounds received at South Mountain 

Sept. 14, 1802. 

Rossman, William, Boggs ; must, out July 17, 1865. 

Riley, John, discharged. 

Ryan, Edward, Howard ; trans, to 6th ¥. S. Cav. Oct. 27, 1862. 

Rupert, Kline Q., Feb. 20, 1864; must, out July 17, 1805. 

Sailor, Harland, trans, to U. S. Telegraph Corps, 1862. 

Saire, Andrew C, must, out Oct. 20, 1864. 

Stone, Joseph G., Spring; disch. Nov. 14, 1861. 

Smith, Augustus B., Howard ; must, out Oct. 20, 1804. 

Strunk, James 11 , Howard ; killed at South Mountain Sept. 14, 1862. 

Sbawley, David H., Boggs ; Aug. 15, 1802 ; died Feb. 20, 1865 ; buried at 

Alexandria, Va., grave 3010. 
Strickland, Ross J., Howard ; May 31, 1864'; captured July 30, 1864; died 

May 3, 1805, at Baltimore. 
Taylor, William W., Boggs; disch. Dec. 21, 1802. 

Taylor, Thomas, Boggs ; wounded at Antietam Sept. 17, 1802 ; discharged. 
Tate, Wesley V., Feb. 17, 1804; wounded at Wilderness May 0, 1804; 

must, out July 17, 1805. 
Vantilberg, Irvin Q., Aug. 0, 1801; trans, to Veteran Eefiorve. 
Walker, M. A., Boggs ; died Jan. 10, 1803. 
Walker, Michael, Boggs; died of wounds received at South Mountain 

Sept. 14, 1862. 
Wheeler, Samuel, Boggs; must, out July 9, 1805. 
Wilson, John A., Spring. 
Whiteman, Ross, Howard ; prisoner from Nov. 18, 1803, to April 17, 1804; 

must, out Nov. 1, 1804. 
White, John B., Howard; discharged; re-enl. Feb.l2, 1864; must, out 

July 17, 1865. 
Watson, Levi U., Boggs; disch. Dec. 21, 1862. 
Williams, John, March 3, 1864 ; disch. June 30, 1865. 
Williams, Thomas, Nov. 7, 1804 ; disch. May 10, 1805. 
Williams, Mesbach, Feb. 27, 1864; must, out July 17, 1865. 
Williams, James P., Feb. 27, 1864; died July 8, 1804. 
Young, George W., Spring ; wounded at South Mountain Sept. 14, 1862 ; 

must, out July 17, 1805. 
Tarnell, Reuben, Boggs, Aug. 10, 1801; died of wounds received at South 

Mountain Sept. 14, 1802. 



Austin Curlin, Boggs, capt;; Aug. IS, 1801; must, out Oct. 20, 1804. • 
Charles T. Fryberger, Boggs, capt. ; Aug. 15, 1801 ; pro. from 1st sergt. 

to 1st lieut. Nov. 24, 1804 ; to capt. Dec. 19, 1864 ; must, out July 17, 

James P. Gregg, Milesburg, 1st lieut. ; Aug. 16, 1861 ; killed at Poplar 

Spring Church, Va., Sept. 30, 1804. 
E. R. Goodfellow, Boggs, 2d lieut.; Aug. 15, 1861 ; killed at Wilderness 

May 0, 18S4. 
Joseph L. Hiuton,2d lieut.; Dec. 2, 1861 ; pro. from 1st sergt. to 2d lieut. 

May 20, 1865; must, out July 17, 1805; veteran. 
Andrew T. Boggs, Milesburg, 1st sergt.; pro. from sergt. to 1st sergt. 

May 21, 1805; must, out July 17, 1805. 
John H. Winters, Miles, sergt.; wounded at Cold Harbor June 3, 1804; 

pro. to sergt. Nov. 1, 1804; must, out July 17, 1805; veteran. 
Henry S. Krape, Howard, sergt. ; captured July 30, 1864; pro. to sergt. 

May 1, 1805; must, out July 17, 1805; died in 1876. 
Francis E. Shope, Milesburg, sergt. ; prisoner from July 30, 1864, to Feb- 
ruary, 1865 ; pro. from corp. to sergt. May 1, 1865 ; must, out July 17, 

1805; veteran. 
John B. Gill, Huston, sergt. ; Sept. 23, 1801 ; must, out Oct. 20, 1864. 
Abiel A. Yarrington, Snow Shoe, sergt.; March 25, 1862; must, out 

March 25, 180.">. 
Frederick Glossner, Liberty, sergt.; Sept. 23,1861; died July 23,1864, 

of wounds received in action July 8, 1804 ; buried at Philadelphia. 
James L. Yarnell, corp. ; March 7, 1804 ; pro. to Corp. Jan. 1, 1805 ; must. 

out July 17, 1865. 
William W. Wetsler, Milesburg, corp.; Feb. 14, 1862; prisoner from 

Sept. 30, 1864, to January, 1865 ; pro. to Corp. May 1, 1805 ; must, out 

July 17, 1865. 
John S. Fox, Corp.; Feb. 27, 1804; pro. to Corp. Jan. 1, 1805; must, out 

July 17,1805. 
Wilti^im T.. Closes, Milesburg, Corp.; Sept. 15, 1801 ; pro. to corp. March 

1, 1865; must, out July 17, 1805. 
John H. Bustellers, Huston, Corp. ; Sept. 23, 1861 ; pro. to Corp. June 1, 

1805; must, out July 17,1805. 
Harland, Sailor, corp. ; Feb. 18, 1804 ; wounded at Cold Harbor, June 3, 

1864; pro. to Corp. May 21, 1806. 
Michael C. Johnson, Benner, Corp.; disch. April 24, 1865, for wounds 

received in action. 



Cliai'les Tliiiton, Bellefonte, corp. ; Jan. 25, 18G2; prisoner for four and 
one-half niontlis; must, out May 1,1805; died April 2, 1870, aged 
Ihirty-six, of disease contracted in the service. 

John McClain, corp. ; captured ; died Nov. 15, 18G1, at Danville, Vh. 

Suniuvl Koop, Ilalf-Moon, Corp.; Sept. !.">, 1801 ; captured ; died Fob. 14, 
1805, at Salisbiiry, N. 0. 

Laird A. Uartle.v, Majion, corp. ; captured ; died Feb. 28, 1805, at Dan- 
ville, Va. 

James U. Kelso, Huston, Corp.; died March 21, 18C4. 

Adams, John, Huston ; discli. Sept. 30, 1803. 

Allen, Albert, Ferguson ; disch. Dec. 9, 1804, wounds received at Wil- 
Blarm, Cornelius, Sprinc; must, out Oct. 20, 1804. 
Batliurst. Jolin B., March 4, 1804 ; wounded at Cold Harbor June 7, 1864. 
Brown, William II., Feb. l.S, 1804; must, out July 17, 1SG5. 

Beoll, William, Sept. 2, 1801; must, out Oct. 20, 1804. 
Barger, Jolin, Boggs ; must, out Oct. 20, 1804. 

Bathurat, William IL, Howard; Feb. 10, 1804; killed at Cold Harbor 
June 3, 1804. 

Butler, Harvey W., Liberty. 

Blarm, James, Howard ; disch. April 11, 1802. 

ISrowu, Henry W., Oct. 18, ISCl ; disch. May 20, 1802. 

Brown, Josepli H., Howard ; Dec. 2, 1801 ; disch. Sept. 25, 1862. 

Baker, John R., Huston ; disch. Nov. 1, 1802. 

Butler, Reuben V., Howard; disch. Jan. 2, 1803. 

Barnto, Thomas, Marion ; trans, to Vet. Kes. Corps Nov. 18, 18G3. 

Cox, Abraham, must, out July 17, 1800. 

Cook, Harvey H., Feb. 13, 1864; wounded at Wilderness May G, 1804. 

C.rok, Samuel, Bellefonte; Oct. 8, 1801, to Oct. 20, 1804. 

Craig, George, Walker; must, out Oct. 20, 1864. 

Conway, Hugh, killed at Petersburg Jnne 27, 1804; buried in 9th Army 
Coips Cemetery, Meade Station, Va. 

Careons, George W., Walker; ilisch. Sept. 25, 1862. 

Dranmiond, Robert, Aug. 20, IKOl ; must, out July 17, 1865. 

Davis, Levi, Bcllefoute ; Sept, 15, 1801 ; died in Washington City Novem- 
ber, 1801., Jolin W., Marion; Sept. 15,1861 ; disch. June 6, 1865. 

Dehaas, Philip, Liberty ; Oct. 8, 1861 ; disch. for wounds received in ac- 

Evers, Thomas, Bellefonte; must, out July 17, 1865. 

Eldridge, James H., Howard; Dec. 2, 1861 ; must, out July 17, 1805. 

Fckley, William, Feb. 20, 1804. 

Folk, John, Feb. 20, 1804; wounded at Wilderness May 6, 1804. 

Folk, Henry, Bellefonte; wounded at Blue Springs, Ky., Aug. 10, 1803; 
must, out Oct. 20, 1864. 

Flick, William L., Uhion ; Sept. 15, 1801 ; killed at Cold Harbor Juno 3, 

Fulton, James A., Feb. 1.3, 1804; killed at Cold Harbor June 3, 1804. 

Free, Charles, Feb. 25, 1864; killed at Cold Harbor Jnno 3, 1864. 

Fellers, Daniel, Boggs; discli. Feb. 15, 1S02. 

Clossner, Daniel, Liberty; must, out Oct. 20, 1S64. 

Galbraith, William, Boggs; Nov. 1, 1862 ; prisoner from Sept. 30,1804, 
to Apr I 1, 180.1 ; disch. Juno 5, ISOo. 

GriHilh, Bufus, Feb. 25,1804; disch. June 23, 1805. 

Oardnei-, J. K., Howard ; discli. Sept. 25, 181,2. 

Garrett, Charles S., Walker; Sept. 15, 1801 ; disch. Jan. 24, 1803. 

Clenu, Chancey, Boggs; Feb. 14, 1802. 

Grant, Azariah. Liberty ; drowned in Chesapeake Bay Aug. 13, 1802. 

Hinton, James H., Feb. 25, 1864 ; nmst. out July 17, 1860. 

Holter, Henry S., Feb. 13, 1804; must, out July 17, 1805. 

Ilerr, John M., Worth ; wounded at Spottsylvaiiia Court-House May 14, 
1S04; must, out Oct. 20, 1804. 

Ilartigan, Michael, Spring; captured Nov. 16, 1863 ; must, out Feb. 8, 

Ileberly, Charles, Feb. 23, 1804; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Jan. 10, 1805. 

Hunter, William, Potter; Feb. 14, 1802; killed at South Mountain 
Sept. 14, 1802; buried iu National Cemetery, Antietam, sec. 26, lot | 
C, grave 2'JO. 

Holt, Norinan T., Milcsburg; Feb. 17, 1862; died Sept. 30, 1802, of 
wounds received at South Mountain ; Sept. 14, 1802, buried at 
Cypress Hills Cemetery, L. T. 

Kerr, John B., Unionville : must, out Oct. 20, 1804. 

Korchoff, Frederick, Curtin ; disch. Jan. 31, 1803. 

Kunes, William, Liberty ; Sept. 15, 1801 ; disch. Jan. 31, 1803. 

Kunra, Joseph, Liberty; Sept. 10, 1801 j died at Pope'a Plantalloii.g.C, 

May 10,1802. 
Kilniore, John W., died at Bay Point, S. C, Jan. 6, 1802. 
Logan, Roddy, Howard. 

Lucas, Nelson A., Walker; Juno 13, 1803 ; must, out July 17, 1805. 
Letterman, Zacliariah, March 4, 1864 ; must, out July 17, 1805. 
Laird, Jacob, prisoner from Sept. 30, 1804, to Feb. 1, 1865; must, out 

July 17, 1863. 
Lucas, .lohn T., Walker; wounded at Wilderness May 0, 1804, and »t 

Petersburg June 17, 1804 ; inust. out Oct. 20, 1804. 
Lyons, .lohn, Jan. 1, 1802 ; captured ; died Dec. 31, 1S64, at Salisbury, 

Long, Harrison, Curtin ; disch. on surgeon ^8 certificate Feb. 15, 1802. 
Lucas, Samu'l, Boggs; Dec. 2, 1801 ; died Sept. 10, 1602; buried in Mil- 
itary Asylum Cemetery. D 0. 
Lucas, Robert, Milesl.urg : disch. Sept. 15, 1862. 
Miles, Alfred, Penn ; must, out July 17, 1865. 
Mayes, Tlionias, Sept, 2, 1801 ; killed at Cold Harbor June .3, 1801. 
Michaels, Henry, Potter ; captured; died at Danville, Va., Nov. 1, 1804. 
Mooie, Alfred, Sept. 2, 1801; killed at Spoltsylvania Courl-Honse May 

12, iSB4. 
Malone, Daniel B., Boggs; discli. May 20, 1802. 
Muffley, Sidney T,, Bellefonte ; pro. to Ist lieut. and adjt. 17811i Regt. 

P. V. Dec. 2, 1802. 
McClain, George W., Feb. 29, 1804; must, out July 17, 1865. 
McNichol, Theodore, March 8, 1864 ; prisoner from July 30, 1S04, to 

Jan. 1800; nmst. out July 17, 1805. 
McGee, Patrick, Boggs; Feb. 14, 1802; prisoner from Sept. 30, 1S6I, lo 

Jan. 3U, 1865 ; must, out July 17, 1805. 
McCauley, W. C, Miiesburg; disch. 
McGinley, John,, Miiesburg; disch. 

McCanu, Wm. I., Bellefonte ; Sept. 15, 1861 ; disch. Dec. D, 1803. 
McDonald, John I,, Howard; trans, to Vet, Bes. Coi-ps Sept.], 180-3. 
O'Neil, Daniel W., Palton ; wounded at Petersburg July 30, 1861 ; must. 

out July 17, 1805. 
Orner, William, Boggs; disch. Sept. 22, 1862, for wounds received at 

I'iiickney Island, S. C. 
Parsons, David H., Oct. 12, 1801 ; must, out July 17, 1805. 
Peck, George M., Feb. 24, 1804; prisoner from Sept. 30, 1864, to Febru- 
ary, 1865. 
Fletcher, Emanuel, Liberty ; wounded at Petersburg July 30, * 864 ; must. 

out Oct. 20, 1864. 
Richards, Wm. G., Uninnville; Sept. 23, 1S6I, to July 17, 1865. 
Robinson, James H., Huston; Sept. 13, 1862; died Feb. 27, 1S64, while 

at homo on furlough ; veteran. 
Reber, Wm. A., Howard; prisoner; died at Aiidersonville, Ga,, Feb, 28 

Riddle, Matthew, Howard; disch. Dec. 17, 1802. 
Sward, M'endall, Sept. 2, 1861 ; must, out July 17, 1805; veteran. 
Slireffler, John, wounded at Cold Harbor July 3, 1804; veteran. 
Sands, Henry L., Feb. 21, 18C4 ; must, out July 17, 1865. 
Shewey, Andrew, Feb. 20, 18(i4; must, out July 3, 1S65. 
Sehenck, Daniel W,, Feb, 10, 1864; must, out July 17, 1865. 
Swisher, George, Spring; must, out Oct. 20, 1804. 
Sniitli, Charles, Bellefonte; Sept. 2,1801 ; disch. Nov. 13, 1804, for wounds 

received at CoM Harbiu- June 3, 1804. 
Smith, llonj. F,, Miiesburg; must, out Oct. 20, 1804. 
Simonds, George ; must, tint Oct 20,1804. 
Swaitz, William, Ciirtiu; wounded at Wilderness May 0, 1S64; disch. 

June 22, 1805; veteran. 
Strawcutter, A. J., Curliii ; wounded at Cold Harbor June 3, 1S04 ; disch. 

Feb. 28, 1865; veteran. 
Stevenson, Theo,, Sept. 2, 1861; killed at Poplar Spring Church, Va,, 

Sept. 30, 1804; veteran. 
Shirk, James A,, Feb. 20, 1804 ; prisoner at Cold Harbor June 4, 1804 ; 

died at Andersoliville, Ga,, Feb. 28, 1805. 
Strawcutter, Daniel, Curtin; died at Washington, D. C, Dec. 9 1801: 

buried in Military Asylum Cemetery. 
Sliffel, John, October, 1801 ; died at Newport News, Va., Aug 9, ISO.'. 
Spoils, Philip B,, Patton, Sept. 23, 1801 ; died Oct. 3, 1802, of wounds le- 
ceived at Antietam Sept. 17, 1862; buried in National Ccinolery, 
■ sec. 26, lot B, grave 190. 
Thompson, Nathan I., Liberty ; died May 22, 1802. 
Tlioiniison, John D., Liberty ; disch. on snrg. certif. 
Thomas, Napoleon B, Miiesburg; died at Seabrook, S, C, March 2, 1802; 

bulled at Hilton Head, S C. 
Weaver, John W., Feb. 20, 1864 ; must, out July 17, 1SC5. 



Williiims, Thiiddeiis S., Huston; Oct. 1, 1861; prisoner from Sept. 30, 

1804, to January, 1805 -. discli. by G. 0. June 21 , 1865. 
Williams, Edward, Walker; Oct. 1, 1861 : wonnded at Spottsylvania May 

16, 1804 ; trans, to Vet. Kcs. Corps Feb. 26, 1805 ; veteran. 
Wilson, Wellington W., Potter; Sept. 23,1861; killed in action Jnly 13, 

1864; buried in 9th Army Corps Cemetery, Meade Station, Va.; 

Wantz, Amos, Liberty ; captured July 30, 1864; died at Danville, Va., 

Oct. 7, 1804. 
Waters, Abrabam, Feb. 29, 1804 ; captured June 12, 1804 ; died at Ander- 

Bonville Oct. IS, 1804 ; grave 11,108. 
Williams, Mark, Huston; died at Knoxville, Tenn., Dec. 21, 1863. 
Williams, Lawrence, Huston ; March 2, 1862. 
Wilson, Henry, Benner ; disch. Jan. 12, 1863. 
Williams, William S., disch. Feb. 21, 1863. 
Williams, George, Huston ; disch. Jan. 31, 1863. 
Weaver, William A., Sept. 15, 1861; captured; died at Andcrsonville 

Feb. 28, 1805. 

Company E. 

Henry Stevens, Ferguson, capt.; res. Nov. 28, 1861. 

JohnO. Campbell, Ferguson; pro. from lat lieut. to capt. Nov. 28,1861; 

died May 7, 1804, of wounds received at Wilderness May 6, IS64. 
John Beck, Half-Moon, capt. ; pro. from sergt. to 1st lieut. Nov. 28, 

1861 ; to Ciipt. May 7, 1864 ; must, out July 17, 1865. 
Amos W. Haiper, Ferguson, 1st lieut.; pro. from sergt. to 1st lieut. 

Nov. 24, 1804 ; must, out July 17, 1805. 
John Irvin, Ferguson, 2d lieut.; disch. Jan. 18, 1805, for wounds re- 
ceived at Spottsylvania May Is, 1864. 
Armstrong S. Bailey, Fergus<m, 2d lieut. ; pro. from 1st sergt. to 2d lieut. 

April 22, 1805; must, out July 17, 1865. 
William H. Musser, Fer;;uson, 1st sergt.; pro. to sergt. Nov. 25, 1864; 

to 1st sergt. May 1, 1865 ; must, out July 17, 1866. 
Joseph Bailey, Ferguson, sergt.; pro. from Corp. to sergt. June 1, 1804; 

must, out July 17, 1805. 
George W. Lower, Ferguson, sergt.; pro. to sergt. May 1, 1865; must. 

out Jnlyl7, 1805. 
AVilliam Bell, Ferguson, sergt.; pro. to sergeant May 1, 1865; must. 

out July 17,1865. 
Henry Irvin, Ferguson, sergt.; pro. from corp. to sergt. May 1, 1805; 

must, out July 17, 1805. 
William S. Koons, Ferguson, sergt. ; killed at Poplar Spring Church, Va., 

Sept. 30, 1864. 
William H. Poorman, North Worth, corp. ; must, out July 17, 1S05. 
Frederick H. Weston, corp. ; Feb. 29, 1864; pro. to corp. May 1, 1865; 

must, out July 17, 1805. 
Joseph B. Merriman, Taylor, corp.; pro. to Corp. May 1, 1865; must, out 

July 17, 1805. 
John Giles, Ferguson, Corp.; disch. on surgeon's certificate June 8, 1865. 
Homer S. Thompson, Gregg, Corp.; pro. to sergt.-maj. Feb. 8, 1805. 
John Campbell, Ferguson, Corp. ; killed at PitersUurg July 30, 1804. 
Henry Elleuberger, Ferguson, Corp.; killed at Poplar Spring Church, 

Va., Sept. 30, 1864, 
William Osman, Ilalf-Moon, musician ; must, out July 17, 1865. 

Ameigb, John, Taylor; Sept. 15, ISOI ; disch. Feb. 14, 1803. 
Bartol, Henry, Ferguson; Sept. 15, 1801 ; must, out July 17,1865. 
Batenian, William II,, Ferguson ; died at Washington, D. C, Juno 15, 

1864, of wounds received at Cold Harbor June 7, 1864. 
Batliurst, Antes, June 12, 1863; trans, to Vet. Res. 
Bressler, Henry, Ferguson ; must, out Sept. 14, 1804. 
Biiteman, Joseph P., Half-Moon ; disch. by G. 0. May W, 1805. 
Bodle, Samuel, Ferguson ; must, out Oct. 20, 1864. 
Bailey, Isaac, Ferguson ; discli. on surg. ceitif Feb. 16, 1862. 
Beck, Jacob, Half- Moon ; disch. on surg. certif. April 11, 1862. 
Bailey, Alfred, died Nov. 24, 1801. 

Bell John^ Ferguson ; killed at South Mountain Sept. 14, 1862. 
Bailey, Uicharil, died Oct. 18, 1863, of wounds received at Blue Springs, 

Ky., Oct. 10, 1803. 
Bailey, James M., Ferguson; Sept. 11, 1801 ; died at Knoxville, Tenn., 

Nov. 3, 1803. 
Cox, Augustus H., Ferguson; Sept. 15, 1861; must. out Oct. 20, 1804. 
Campbell, M'illiam, Worth; died May 7, 1864, of wounds received at 

Wilderness May 0, 1804. 
Cramer, Samuel, Ferguson; Sept 15.1861; died July 0, ISOl.of wounds 

received at Cubl Harbor June 3, 1804. 
CaUorwood, John, Tajlur; disch. on siirg. ccvtif. Nov. 18, 1802. 

Chronister, Stewart, Half-Moon; drowned April 16, 1862, in service in 

South Carolina. 
Chronister, John D., Half-Moon ; died Sept. 26, 1862, of wounds received 

at South Mountain Sept. 14, 1862 ; buried in Nat. Cem., Antietam, 

sec. 26, lot C, grave 337. 
Ellenbarger, William, Ferguson ; Sept. 15, 1861 ; must, out July 17, 

Eyer, Samuel, Ferguson ; Sept. 15, 1861 ; absent, sick, at must. out. 
Ellenbarger, C, Ferguson ; Sept. 15, 1861 ; disch. on surg. certif. 
Fry, William, Boggs ; Oct. 17, 1861 ; disch. on surg. certif. April 24, 1864. 
Fry, William H., Ferguson. 
Funk, Henry P., Half-Moon; Sept. 15, 1801; died Nov. 20, 1863, of 

wounds received in action Nov. 10, 1803 ; buried at Knoxville, Tenn., 

grave 58. 
Goldman, Noah S., Ferguson; Sept. 15, 1801; disch. on surg. certif. Nov. 

12, 1802. 
Gates, Caleb, Ferguson ; Sept. 16, 1861 ; died Dec. 6, 1863, of wounds re- 
ceived at Knoxville, Tenn., Nov. 27, 1863. 
Herbeling, John G., Ferguson ; Sept. 15, 1861. 

Harper, Amos K., Ferguson ; Fob. 29, 1804 ; must, out July 17, 1805. 
Haldeman, Reuben, Fergu.?on ; Sept. 15, 1801 ; killed at Wilderness May 

0, 1804 ; buried in Wilderness burial-grounds. 
Hunter, William, Feb. 24, 18C4 ; killed at Wilderness May 6, 1861; 

buried iu Wilderness burial-grounds. 
Harpster, Daniel B., Half-Moon ; Sept. 15, 1861; captured ; died at Sal- 
isbury, N. C, Fob. 9, 1865. 
Irviu, Andrew, Ferguson ; Sept. 15, 1861 ; must, but July 17, 1805. 
Jackson, William A., Rush ; Sept. 15, 1801 ; disch. on surg. certif. Juno 

10, 1803. 
Kennedy, David A., Half-Moon ; Sept. 16, 1861 ; must, out July 17, 18G5. 
Krider, Josiah, Ferguson ; Sept. 16, 1861; died Dec. 1, 1803, of wounds 

received in action Nov. 16, 1863. 
Lennon, John II., Ferguson; Feb. 28, 1861; trans, to Vet. Rcb. Corps 

Jan. 1, 1865. 
Lott, James, Ferguson; Sept. 15,1861 ; disch. on surg. cerlif. April 22, 

Lightner, David, Ferguson ; Sept. 16, 1861 ; died Sept. 26, 1862, of wounds 

received at South Mountain Sept. 14, 1862; buried in National Cem- 
etery, Antietam, sec. 26, lot D, grave 341. 
Miller, Henry, Ferguson ; Sept. 15, 1861 ; must, out July 17, 1865. 
Mitchell, Alfred, Taylor; Sept. 15, 1861 ; must, out Oct. 20, 1804. 
Murphy, George W., Ferguson; Sept. 15, 1801 ; must, out Oct. 20, 1864. 
Mayes, Thomas J., Ferguson ; Sept. 28, 1801 ; disch. by special order 

June 8, 1806. 
Mingle, George, Ferguson ; March 22, 1864; died Jlay 5, 1805, of wounds 

received at Petersburg Apiil 2,1865; buried at Alexandria, grave 


, Fergu 

Sept. 15, 1861 ; disch. on surg. cerlif. Dec. 15, 

Mayes, Jai 

Merriman, George W., Taylor; Sept. 16, 1801 ; disch on surg. certif. Feb. 

Marks, George JI., Half Moon ; Sept. 15, 1801 ; discli. on surg. cerlif. Feb. 

Miller, Wm, Ferguson; Sept. 15, 1801; died at Camp Nelson, Ky, Oct. 

McWilliams, T. B., Ferguson ; Sept. 16, 1S01 ; killed at Antietam Sept. 

17, 1802. 
McOlellan, Wm , Ferguson ; Sept. 15, 1801 ; drowned at Fredericksburg 

Jan. 9, 1803. 
Poorman, W. A., Worth ; Sept. 16, 1801 ; must, nut July 17, 1805. 
Peiry, John C, Ilalf-Moou ; Sept. 15, 1861 ; died at Fortress Monroe, Va., 

Jan. 1,1862. 
Rider, Michael C, Ferguson ; Sept. 15, 1861 ; mint, out Oct. 20, 1864. 
Ray, David, Ferguson ; Sept. 15, 1801 ; died Sept. 1, 1864. 
Ryder, John G., Ferguson ; Sept. 15, 1861 ; disch. on surg. certif. Aug. 

23, 1862. 
Ryder, John W., Ferguson ; Sept. 15, 1861 ; disch. July 10, 1802. 
Sims, Wesley, Ferguson ; Sept. 15, 1861; died at Knoxville, Tenn., Jan. 

16, 1864 ; grave 86. 
Sharer, Abraham, Walker; Sept. 15, 1801 ; died Jan. 15, 1865. 
Tboinpson, H. F., Walker; Sept. 15, 1801 ; died at Fredericksburg May 

8, 1864, of wounds received at Wilderness May 6, 1864. 
Vandyke, Beiij. C, Spring; Sept. 15, 1S61 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps. 
Weston, George W., Spring; Feb. 26, 1804; wounded at Spottsylvania 

Courtllouse May 12, 1864; disch. on surg. certif. Jan. 1, 1805. 
Way, Jacob E., Spring; Feb. 24, 1804; disch. on surg. ceitif. May 18, 




Way, Daniel, Spring; Ftl>. 24, 18G4 ; killed at Petersburg June IS, 1S64. 
Weston, GruffluB, Spring; Sept. 15,1801; discli. on surg. cerlif. April 9, 

Weston, Frnnci< A., Ferguson ; Sept. 15, 1801 ; died at Camp Casey, Md., 

Not. 13, 1801. 
Ward, Jacob, Ferguson ; Sept. 15, 1861 ; died at Crab Orcbard, Ky., Oct. 

Beuner, Thomas K., Co. F; May, 1804, to July 17, 1865. 



James S. Hall, Eusli, 1st lient.; to capt. Oct. 30, 1872 ; must, out Oct. 7, 

Robert Miisser, Rush, Corp.; 2d lieut. .\ug. 6, 1804; Ist lieut. Nov. 2, 

1804 ; must, out June 30, 1865. 
John Howe, Bush, 2d lieut.; res. Nov. 24, 1802. 
Joseph Williamson, Rush, 1st sergt. 
A. P Ammornian, Rush, sergt.; captured Aug. 26, 1804; discb. July 27, 

G. W. Dacey, Rush, sergt.; wounded. 
Alfred Weston, Rush, sergt. 

Henry Cnshard, Rush, Corp.; must, out June 30, 1865. 
W. E. Beales, Rush, corp. ; must, out June 30, 1805. 
William Dolph, Rush, Corp.; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Feb. 15, 1804. 
W. H. Denning, Rush, Corp. 
Peter Weber, Rush, musician ; must, out June 30, 1865. 


Bailey, Samuel, Rush. 
Carter, E. M., Rush. 
, Boss, Rush. 

Beates, John, Rush. 

Cotwell, John, Bush. 

Perry, Charles, Rush. 

Howe, E. Elis, Rush. 

Jeffries, William, Rush ; died Dec. 1, 1801 ; buried in Military Asylum 
Cemetery, Washington, D. C. ' 

Libl'y, Horatio. Rush. 

Laird, Levi, Rush; must, out June 30 1865. 

Ludy, Clark, Bush. Lucas, J. M., Rush. 

Laffiu, Michael, Bush ; must, out June 3D, 1866. 

Matti-y, J. P., Rush ; must, out June 30, 1805. 

WcMullen, J Madison ; killed at Fair Oaks June 1, 1862. 

McGuire, Thomas ; died Jan. 3, 1863 ; buried in Military Asylum Ceme- 
tery, D. C. 

Murphy, Lorenzo. Nelson, D. C, Rush. 

Plank, Matthias, Rusli; disch. January, ISGo, for wounds received. 

Peters, Samuel, Bush ; must, out Nov. 7, 1S64. 

Richards, Henry, Huston. Eogers, Philip, Rush. 

Slatterly, Daniel, Ku.<h ; died at Newark, N. J., Feb. 5, 1863. 

Stevenson, Theodore J., Bush. Test, John M., Bush. 

White, A. J., Bush; died Sept. 17, 1862; buried in National Cemetery, 
Antietam, sec. 20, lot A, grave 10. 

Wilcox, Heury, Rush. 

Company I. 

George D. Pifer, 2d lieut.; 1st lieut. Dec. 13, 1862 ; capt. Sept. 14, 1864 ; 
m;ij. Dec. 13, 1804. 

Israel A. Kline, sergt. ; killed at Hatcher's Bun, Va , March 31, 1805. 


Col. B. Butler Price. 

P. Benner Wilson, capt., Aug. 18,1801; pro. major Oct. 28, 1802; trans, 
to 1st Prov. Cavalry June 17, 1S05. 

George W. Watson, 2d lieut.; disch. Dec. 11, 1802. 

George \Y. Hartley, Walker, q.m.-sergt. Sept. 14, 1861 ; died June 26, 
1864, of wounds; buried in Milit:iry Asylum Cemetery, Washing- 
ton, D. C. 

Henry Mallury, Harris, com.-sergt. ; trans, to Co. F, 1st Prov. Cav., June 
17, 1865. 

Frank T. Wallace, Bellcfonte.Nov. 20, 1861; captured July, 18C4 ; diach. 

May 19, 1860. 
James Miller, Hoggs, sergt., 1861 to 1865. 

George W. Singleton, U irris, sergt.. 186! ; di«' h. June 28, 1805. 
Adam Casper, Potter, sergt., Dec. 23, 1801 ; disch. Dec. 20, 18G5. 
Henry McEwen, Walker, sergt. 

Calvin II. Mallory, sergt., Nov. in, 1861 ; diich. Dec. 26, 1804. 
George Noll, Ferguson, Corp., 1861; di^ch. 1865. 
James McDonald, Huston, Corp., 1801 : disch. 1805. 
Charles Smith, Feiguson, corp, Nov. 20, 1861 ; d sch. Dec. 13, 1804. 
George A. Kennedy, Walker, bugler, Dec. 14, 1861. 

Bland, Edward, Howard ; Nov. 9, 1801. 

Bodle, Benjamin, Harris; Dec. 23, 1861 ; disch. Dec. 26, 1804. 
Booths, Jackson H., Ferguson; Nov. 20, 1861. 
Garner, William G. ; Feb. 15, 1804. 
Crocks, John, Feb. 20, 18114. 
Carr, William, Bellef.mte; Aug. 13, 1801. 

Decker, Aaron; Feb. 15, 1804; killed at Oak Swamp, Va., July 1, 1804. 
Donahoe, Hugh D., Potter; Jan. 12, 1802. 
Ehret, William G., Feb. 24, 1804. 
Emrich, George, Feb. 20, 1804. 
Gill, William H., Huston ; ISOl; disch. 1805. 
Gross, William, Palton ; 1801 ; disch. 1805. 
Glenn, William F , Bellefonte; Jan. 15, 1803. 

Hendei-son, Eleazer, Huston; Dec. 19, 1801 ; must, out Deo. 19, 1804. 
Henderson, David H., Huston; Jan. 15, 1802. 
Johnston, William, Huston; Feb. 13, 1802. 
Kellets, Charles, Huston ; Nov. 9, ISCl ; disch. Dec. 13, 1804. 
Lewis, Stephen A , Rush ; Nov. 2(1, 1801. 
Mahaffy, Christian, Ferguson ; Nov. 20, 1801. 
Myers, Aaron B., Patton ; Nov. 20, 1801 ; disch. June 13; 1865. 
Nyhart, Daniel, Walker. 

Nyhart, William H., Walker; Sept. 16, 1861 ; disch. 1805. 
Potter, John, Harris; Oct 20, 1801 ; died Jan. 7, 1864; buried iu Mili- 
tary Asylum Cemetery, Washington, D. C. 
Reed, John, Bellefonte ; Oct. 29, 1861 ; disch. December, 1864. 
Sarapsel, Samuel, Palton : Feb. 13, 1862. 
Sones, John N., Patton; 1861; disch. 1805. 
Stiver, Williiim, Huston; Nov. 20, 1861. 
Shope, Samuel W., killed at Malvern Hill, Va., July 28, 1864. 
Swaub, Daniel, Huston. 
Tims, Lewis L., Worth ; Jan. 15, 1862. 
Wilson, Charles, Walker; Sept. U, 1801. 
Woods, William H , Huston ; Sept. 14, 1861. 

Col. Wynkoop, serving in Teuuessee and Georgia. 

Capt. I.srael B. Schaeffer, Walker township ; Oct. 29, 1801 ; must, out Nov. 
10, 1804. 

James P. Hughes, Benner, sergt. ; Nov. 20, 1861. to Nov. 20, 1861. 

W. C. Hughes, Marion, corp. ; disch. June 23, 1805. 

Thaddeus Longwell, Corp.; Oct. 29, 1801; died March 26,1802, near 
Nashville, Tenn. 

Lewis Catherman, Walker, farrier ; died Oct. 15, 1804. 

Catherman, Benjamin, Aug. 20, 1802; died Jan. 17, 1864. 
Haslet, Jesse F., Walker; Aug. 20, 1862; disch. June 23, 1865. 
Buyer, George, Walker; Aug. 20, 1802; died at Nashville Jan. 7, 1803. 
Smith, George, Walker ; Aug. 20, 1862. 

Smith, Isaac, Walker; Aug. 20,1862; disch. Juno 23, 1805. * 
Strunk, James, Marion ; Oct. 29. ISOl ; died Nov. 29, 1801, at Harrisburg. 

Col. Rev. J. M. McCarter. 
G.B, Shearer, Walker, capt.; Oct. 20, 1801 ; killed May 5,1802. 
Ed. H. Rogers, Walker, calit. ; Oct. 20, 1801 ; killed May 5, 1SU4. 
W. W. Eogers, Walker, l»t lieut. ; Oct. 26, 1S61 ; res. Dec. 13, 1803. 
Henry Fishel, Marion, corp. : Oct. 12, 1801 ; discli. Nov. Ill, 1862. 
Bobert Tate, Spi ing, Corp. ; Oct. 13, 1861 ; disch. April 26, 1803. 
Cbai lis 11. Robb, Walk.T, Corp. ; Oct. 12, 1801 ; died July 10,1863 ; buried 
at Portsmouth Grove, B. I. 



Duckliciiiior, Jolin, Wiilkcr; Oct. 20, ISOI ; wounded at Petersburg 

Miireli 2fi, 1805. 
Binlts, Philip, Walker; Oct. 12, 1801; died Aug. 31, 1802; buried in 

Cypress Hill Cemetery, grave 2.10. 
Ciinipliell, Kobert R., Walker ; Oct. 12, 1801 ; discli. Feb. 7, 1803. 
Ciitnor, .loseph, Walker; Oct. 12, ISOl ; discb. Doc.C, 1862. 
Keliiiiilee, David, Marion. 
Uaiilt, Francis, Spring. 
Irvin, Henry, Walker; Oct. 12, 1801; wounded May 31, 1802 ; discb. Oct. 

24, 1802. 
Osburn, William, Marion. 
Itobb, George, Walker; Sept. 21, 1801 ; wounded May 6, 1804, and May 

2.i, 1S0.-1 ; must, out June 27, 1805. 
Snyder, D. B., Walker; Oct. 12, 1801 ; discb. July 20, 1802. 
Snyder, Abe., Walker; Oct. 20, 1801 ; must, out June 27, 1805. 
Snyder, Theodore, Walker; Oct. 12, ISGl ; discb. Nov. 10, 1802. 
Shelbey, .losepb. Walker ; Oct. 12, 1801 ; died Sept. 28, 1802 ; buried in 

Nalional Cemetery, Antietnni, section 20. lot D, grave 4U7. 
Smith, Jolin, Walker; Oct. 12, 1801 : discb. Oct. .■;, 1802. 
Tate, Jolin, Spring ; Oct. 12, 1861 ; must. out. Oct. 14, 1804. 
Warner, Lemuel, Walker; Oct. 12, 1861 ; iliscli. Sept. 24, 1802. 
Young, P., Walker; Feb. 26, 1804 ; wounded at the Wilderness 
May 5, 1804. 


William L. Eapbile, Bellefonte, 1st lieut.; Aug. 10, 18pl ; res. Aug. I, 

Harvey II Beuner, Bellefonte; Sept, 2, 1861 ; pro. to 2d lieut. from sergt.- 
inaj. July 7, 180.1 ; discb. Dec. 5, 1864, for wounds received at Peters- 
burg June 17, 1864. 

Austin Garnian, Bellefonte, sergt.; pro. to sorgt. May 20, 1802; discli. 
Dec. 24, 1S04. 

Wbilaker, James, Bellefonte, musician ; Si-pt. 2, 1801, to July 17, 1805. 

Bocll, William, Bellefonte; Sept. 2, 1801, to ISO.".. 

Bower, Frederick, Spring; So|>t. 2, 1801, to Dec. 14, 1862. 

Brown, Harvey, Bfllefonte; Sept. 2, 1801, to Oct. 20, 1804. 

Byke, Samuel, Haines ; Aug. 20, 1861, to Feb. 13, 1863. 

Contner, Alfred, Bellefonte. 

Cox, Abraham, Spring; Sept. 6, 1861. -to July 17, 1865. 

Dixson, Samuel T., Bellefonte ; Sept. 2, 1861, to Oct. 9, 1802. 

Drumnionil, Robert, Bellefonte; Aug. 20, 1861, to July 17, 1865. 

Griifflus,! Abraham, Bellefonte; Aug. 20, 1861; pro. to 2d lieut. U. S. 
nrniy Nov. 20, 1861. 

Griffltb, Joseph, Spring ; Sept. 2, 1801, to Oct. 31, 1862. 

Hinton, James, Bellefonte ; Aug. 20, 1801, to Aug. 30, 18C3. 

Ickboff, Willi.ani, Bellefonte; Oct. 1, 1801, to 1865. 

Leber, Jacob, Benner; Sept. 2, 1801, to 1865. 

Long, Jobn, Spring; Sept. 2, 1861, to Oct. 20, 1864. 

McAllistei-, Henry, Bellefonte ; Sept. 2, 1801, to Oct. 24, 1802. 

Miller, Jobn, Bellefonte ; Sept. 2, 1801, to July 5, 1803. 

No]ilisker, Samuel M., Sept. 11, 1862, to 1805. 

Pruner, Robert, Bellefonte; Aug. 14, 1801. 

Raphile, Joseph, Bellefonte; Sept. 2, l.SOl, to Dec. 2, 1862. 

Sager, George, Spring; Oct. 14, 1861, to July 17, 1865. 

Shirk, .Tames, Spring; Sept. 2, 1861. 

Stone, Herbert, Bellefonte; Sept. 2, 1861, to Oct. 24, 1862. 


Aloxnndfr, C, Milesburg; 19tb Cav. 

Allison, William, Potter; H, Slst; killed Deo. 13, 1802, at Fredericks- 
burg, Vn. 
Anderson, Elijah, Taylor; F, Ist Art. 

1 For gallant conduct at Gaines' Mills, Lieut. Grafflns was breveted 
first lieutenant, and after the battle of Antietam promoted to first lieu- 
tenant of Second United States Infantry. Ho died of congestion of the 
biain at Brook Station, Va., June 0, 1863. 

Antes, Frederick, Boggs; lOtli Cav. 

A»key, Robert S., Bnrnsido ; 51«t. 

Baker, Francis, Harris; Anderson troop. 

Biitliurst, S. B., Huston ; I, fi4th. 

Ritburst, William, Liberty ; U, 7tli Res. 

Barnhart, Demetrius, Huston; I, 84lli, Nov. 4, 1802; captured at Mine 
Run Nov. 7. 1863. 

Baniat, William, Marion ; E, 1st Art. , 

Barber, Wilson, Penn; I, 56lh. 

Bathurst, Samuel, Walker; D, l.-.2d. 

Blair, Jeremiah, Ferguson; 4otli. 

Bell, James A., Bellefonte ; A, litb U. S. Inf. 

Beamer, W. B., T.iylor; D, 5lli Res. 

Benner, Henry, Taylor. 

Bebel, William, Taylor; F, 143d. 

Beeder, Daniel, Worlli ; C, 5th lies. 

Benner, John D., Potter; G,40tb. 

Beck, Isaiah, Half-Moon ; cavalry. 

Bell, Robert W., Haines; I, 50th; killed at Gettysburg ; Nat. Cem,, sec. 
A, grave 40. 

Biddle, Alfred, Bonner; F, 12tb Cav. 

Bixler, Reuben, Burnable; A, 1st Cav. 

Bilger, Thompson, Ru>h ; C, 5th Res. 

Bland, Edward, Huston ; C, oth Cav. 
Boell, .lobii, Bellefonte; I, 53d Rigt. 
Bowers, Frank, Bellefimte; 8tb Cav. 
Bowers, Samuel, Bellefonte; 81b Cav. 

Dowers, Jacob. Belleronte ; 8tli Cav. 

Boyle, James, Bellefonle; 8tb Cav. 

Boyer, Samuel, Curtin; I, 50tb Regt. 

Buck, Thomas, Marion ; Olli U. S. Cav. 

Buck, William, Marion ; 6tli U. S. Cav. 

Boileau, Michael D., Rush ; D, 5tb Res. 

Biiltoii, Ezra, Patter ; E. 57lli Regt. 

Burnside, C. H., Bellefonte; gunboat " Sangamon." 

Burns, Jobn, Bellefonte: 8tli Cav. 

Burnet, Henry, Huston; A, 55th Regt. 

Burngamer, Henry, Potter; E, 67tb Regt. 

Buttorf, David, Potter; 18tb Regt. 

Bottoif, William, Potter; ISlli Regt. 

Bind, William R., Harris; C, 18tli Regt. 

Carlton, Thomas, Pattou; Anderson Cav. 

Callahan, John, Bellefonte ; E, Ist Pa. Cav. 

Chronister, Jacob, Half-Moon ; I, 5tb Reserves; June 21, 1861, to June 

11, 1804. 
Clapbam, Thomas, Penn; A, 62d Regt. 
Clapp, S., Spring; E, 57tli Regt. 
Cook, Samuel N,, Bellefonte; 5th Regt. Mounted Inf., Ky. ; captured; 

died at Cahoba, Ala. 
Cook, Henry H., Bellefonte; K, 12."itb Pa.; Aug. 14, 1802, to May 18,1803. 
Connelly, J. T., Taylor ; C, 4'Jtli Regt 
Corromasser, J. L. ; A, 22d Pa. Cav. 
Crotzer, Samuel, Potter; I, 50tb Regt. 
Crombie, F. S., Worth ; lOtli Cav. 
Grayton, Murtagli, Marion ; E, 51st Regt. 
Crominger, Henry, Rush ; D, J9th Regt. 
Curtin, James B., Boggs; Anderson Troop. 
Darrab, Jobn, Bellef..nte; C, 38tb Pa.; accidentally killed on railroad, 

near Cainp Curtin. 
Devine, Peter, Benner; 51st Regt. 
Detiick, Jeriy, Potter; F, 107th Regt. 
Dowling, James G., Bellefonte ; E, 51st Regt. 
Bowling, Edward, Bellefonte; 51st Regt. 
Dunkle, W. H., Howard; I, 50tli Regt. 
Durey, William, Bellefonte ; ,84th Regt. 
Durer, John, Bellefonte; 84th Regt. 

Durst, Alfred, Potter; H,51st Regt.; Nov. 10, lS01,to July 27,1805. 
Elbs, John, Half-Moon; 1st Cav. 
Elliot, George, Milesburg; E, .50ib Regt. 
Emerick, Jacob, Ferguson ; I, 51st Regt. 
Ennis, Levi, Rush ; K, 1st RiHes. 
Etters, Francis, Burnside; 13tb Cav. 
Etters, Henry, Burnside; 13th Cav. 
Faber, Henry, Bellefonte; G. 4.5tb Regt. 
Ferry,, Liberty; B, lltli Inf. 
Fillmore, Jacob, Potler; D, ISOtli Regt. 
Fora, Philip, Liberty ; B, 11th Rigt. 



Foresman, Jum-'s A., Mariiin ; D, 49th Rogt. 

Fnrpy, Freilerkk, Bellefonle; 19th Ciiv. 

Frain, SiimucI, Mnvinli; D, 49lh Epgt.; Aug. 10, 1801, to Sept. 10, 1804. 

Freeze, I-<iael, Snow Shoe; K, let Reserves. 

Fniik, Henry P., Ferguson; E, Ujth Regt. 

I-yke, Jiiculi, UHlMIoon ; 49th P.i. 

(iniy, Willhim, Half-Moon ; 09th Pii. (2il Cav.). 

Carlier, J. M., Han is; 5th Cav. 

Calbraith, Daniel, Liberty; B, llth Regt. 

Glenn, Daviil, corp. ; K, 42il Rogt. ; May 29, 1801, to 1864 ; wounded, with 

loss of arm. 
Gohecn, Joseph, Ferguson ; 8M Pa". 
Gordon, Robert, Wallier; L, Anderson Cav. 
Grenoble, Israel .T., Greg^'; I, 148th Regt ; Sept. 19, 1802; wounded, 

with loss of leg, at Po Run May 10, 1804. 
Graham, John K., Rush ; K. 48th Regt. 
Grater, Robert, Howard ; C, 5th Reserves. 
Grubb, Solomon, Spring; F, 50th Regt; 1801 to 1803. 
Haines, Jacob, Rush ; U. S. marine. 
Hale, Charles W. ; aide to Gen. Sturgis, 9th Army Corps. 
Hale, Klias, Rush; frigate " Miunoaota." 
Harding, Jewett S., Miles; H, 51st Regt.; Nov. 10, ISGl ; wounded at 

Bull Run Aug. 30, 1802 ; disch. Nov. l:), 1802. 
Harnden, John, Half-Moon ; C, 49th Regt. 

Harper, Isiiac, Rush ; D, 5th Res. ; June 21, ISCl, to June 28, I860. 
Harsbberger, Abraham, Walker; D, 123d Regt.; 1802 to 1803. 
Henderson, Alexander, Haines. Herbick, William, Potter. 

Hess, Frankliu, Potter. Holt, Lemuel, Milesburg. 

Horner, George, Half-Moon. Humphries, William, Rush. 

Hunter, William, Walker. 
Huston, Franklin, Walker; 19th Cav. 

Johnston, Walter, Bellefonte. Johnston, Richard, Bellefonte. 

Johns, David, Half-Uoon. 
Irvin, William E., Howard; Anderson Troop. 
I^^sctt, Henry D., Harris; Anderson Tniop. 
Keller, Joseph, Spring; 0th Cav. Kearn, John, Penn. 
Kinsloe, Alfred, Bellefonte; A, 19th Cav. 
Kepliart, J. Miles, Bellefonte ; q.m. S4lh Regt.; Dec. 20, 1801, to Dec. 

31, 1804. 
Kepliart, M. C, Bellefonte ; Anderson Troop. 
Kestler, Jeremiah, Haines; F, 12th Pa. 
Kuarr, Henry, Liberty. Knarr, John, Liberty. 

Koons, James H., Liberty. Krider, Samuel, Potter. 

Kirkwood, James, Rush ; 2d Pa. Cav. 
Lanck, B. S., Rush ; 59th Pa. 
Lee. Charles, Spring; Olh Pa. Cav. 
Lingle, Fisher D., Liberty; 1st Cav. 
Lingle, Harvey S., Bellefonte ; Anilerson Troop. 
Lingle, Lycurgus, Bellefonte; Anderson Troop. 
Little, Samuel, Potter; E, 57th Regt. 
Lippincott, Charles E., Walker; C, 52d Regt. ; killed at Fair Oaks, Va., 

May 31, 1802. 
Long, Eilw.ard F., Haines; I, 56tll Regt. 
McCartney, James, Half-Moon ; C, 49tli Regt. 
McCloskey, James J., Potter ; U, 49th Regt. ; Aug. 15, 1861, to Oct. 24, 

McCoy, William, Boggs ; U. S. navy. 
McDowell, Alexander, Huston ; 12th Cav. 
McEllaney, John, Pattou ; 12th Cav. 
McEwon, Samuel S.,Uuiouville; H, 61st Regt.; Oct. 20, 1861, to April 

18, 1864. 
McKinney, David, Bellefonte; Anderson Troop. 
McMinn, Erskine, Potter; E, 57th Regt. 
McGrady, Daniel, Worth; 49th Pa. 
McQuillan, John, Taylor; C, 49th Regt.; Aug. 15,1801 ; killed June 28, 

McQuillan, Joseph, Taylor ; C, 49th Regt. 
McQuillan, Richard, Taylor; C, 49th Regt. 
Marks, William, Harris; 42d Pa. 
Meekly, John, Benuer ; B, 12lh Cav. 
Bliller, Samuel, Snow Shoe ; Anderson Troop. 
Miller, Isaac, Walker; IE. 49th Regt. 
Miller, James C, Snow Shoe ; C, 5th Reserves. 
Miller, Joseph, W'alker; I, Olh Cav. 
Milligan, William, Liberty; D, llth Pa. 
Minnick, Benj. F., Potter; A, .')4th Regt. 
Myers, Samuel, Ferguson ; I, 51at Regt. ; Sept. 28, 1801. 

Myer^, George, Ferguson , I, 5l8t Regt. ; drowned. 

Myers, Jacob H., Ferguson ; Nov. 28, 1801, to July, 1803. 

Mynis, William, Rush; D, 5th Reserves. 

My ton, Isaac, Bellefonte; 9tli Cav. 

BIyers, Jackson, Banner; I, 5l8t Regt. 

Herman, Solomon, Spring; Anderson Troop, 

Neir, Luther, Potter; 1, 115th Regt. 

Nail, Emanuel, Walker; K, 13l8t Kegt. 

Orr, Lott, Potter; II, 40th Regt. 

Parker, A. M., Ilaincs; Anderson Troop. 

Palmer, Solomon, Potter; 100th Pa. 

Peters, John, Taylor ; 13th Cav. 

Price, Frank S., Taylor; D, 49th Regt. 

Pruner, Daniel D., Bellefonte; llth Pa. 

Pruner, Joseph D., Bellefonte, 

Raynon, F. G., Taylor; D, 4jlh Regt. 

Raney, William H., Worth; 55th Pa. 

Rank, Marcus, Bellefonte ; F, 12lh Cav. 

Red, Thomas, Liberty; E, 7th Pa. 

Reeder, Daniel, Worth ; 5tli Reserves. 

Reber, William F., Ferguson ; asst. surg. 

Ro.^sman, Klias, Walker; D, 1st Cav. 

Roiisli, James, Penn; I, Sflth Regt. 

Runiberger, George, Ferguson ; 5th Reserves. 

Sankey, Joseph C, Gregg; I, 01st Regt. 

Sankey, James W., Potter; H, 49lli Eegt. 

Sarvey, John, Potter; E, 57th Eegt. 

Sellera, P. E., Palton: F, 107th Regt.; April 27, 1802; wounded May 18, 

1804; disch. June 5,1805. 
Sizer, Jacob, Bellefonte; iUtli Pa. 
Singleton, Thomas, Harris; D, 42d Regt. 
Sheffler, Jeremiah, Haines; G, 58tli Regt. 
Shannou, Patiick, Ferguson ; 10th Pa. 
Shannon, Thomas, Ferguson; 49tli Pa. 
Shannon, Porter, Huston ; 9th Cav. 
Showers, Samuel, Spring; Anderson Troop. 
Shook, Joseph, W'alker; E, 1st Reserves. 
Smith, Charles, Rush; Ist Artillery. 
Smith, William, Bellefonte ; 42d Regt. 

Smith, Columbus, Rush; 149th Regt.; Aug. 20, 1802, to 1805. 
Smith, Daniel, Rush ; 143th Kegt. ; missing at Wilderness May 5, 1SC4. 
Smith, Francis, Rush ; 149th Kegt; 1862 to 180.'). 
Smith, William, Rush; 149th Regt.; 1802 to 1805. 
Schnell, Augustus C, Bellefonte; Anderson Troop. 
Snyder, Albert, Walker; 3d Pa. Art. 
Snook, Matthias, Miles; C, 7th P.a. 
Snyder, Thompson, Liberty ; 1st Pa. 
Spear, Edward, Gregg; M, 3d Pa. Art. 
Spangler, Herain, Liberty ; llth Pa. 
Stein, Jacob, Rush; 13th Pa. Cav. 
Stover, Jlichael H., Haines; locth Regt. 
Stover, George, Pattou ; 130tb Regt. 
Stevens, Thaddeus, Half-Moon ; 49tU Pa. 
Steel, Harvey, Patton ; 18th Regt. 
Stonebreaker, W. H., Ferguson ; G, 5th Reserves. 
Straus, H. P., Walker ; 1.50th Regt. 

Stover, John H , Spring; C, 52d Regt.; Oct. 17, 1861, to March 1, 1802. 
Slitzer, John T., Spring. Struble, Lot, Walker; Anderson Troop. 

Thomas, Joseph D., Spring; Anderson Troop. 
Thompson, J. S., Harris; Anderson Troop. 
Thui^oD, William, Potter; Anderson Troop. 
Tibbens, Daniel, Walker; D, 1st Cav. 
Tibbens, John, Walker ; D, 1st Cav. 
Truxall, Frank B,. Bellefonte; Bucktail Regt. 

Troy, Thomas, Half-Moon ; I, 51st Kegt. ; Sept. 28, 1801, to July 27, ISGj. 
Tubbs, Nathan A., Liberty ; G, 1st Bucktails, 42d Pa. 
Ulrich, George, Penn; Anderson Cav. 
Wagoner, William, Uuionville; K, Anderson Cav. 
Wagner, William, Potter; 15th Cav. 
Wallxer, William, Walker; D, 49th Pa. 
Waniz, Hezekiah, Lilairty; B, llth Pa. 
AVallcer, Jonathan, Walker. 
Watts. Coleman, Harris; Anderson Troop. 
Weaver, Thomas, Miles; H,51stRegt.; Nov. 10, 1861, to 1864. 
Westniore, George, Harris; Anderson Troop. 
Williams, Daniel F., Huston; K, 42d Regt.; May 29, 1861, to Tec, 22, 




Williams, David, Huston ; K. 42cl Regt. 
Wirtli, Jiimes, Miles ; D, 11th Pa. 
Wiith, Franklin, Miles; D, 11th Pa. 
Wirtz, James, Huston ; 5lii Reserves. 
Wirtz, Tliomas, Huston; 6th Reserves. 
■Wilson, Charles T., Bellefonte ; Anderson Cav. 
Wilson, J. Calvin, Bellefonte; Andersoa Cav. 
Wolf, Gideon, Walker; D, 4nth Regt. 
Young, George W., W.jrtli ; H, 5th Reserves. 


Bathnrst, James, Howard. 
Blair,, Ferguson. 
Brown, John, Union. 
Chi\se, George W., Ferguson. 
Durges, Jeremiah K., Potter. 
Fraile.v, Martin, Spring. 
Furraan, Edward, Woith. 
Hutfman, A., Ferguson. 
Hiibler, Henr.v, Howard. 
Kreamer, William, Marion. 
McBride, Daniel, Bellefonte. 
Slann, Joseph, Curtin. 
Quinn, Patrick, Bellefonte. 
Khannen, John, Ferguson. 
Spiller, Peter, Spring. 
Summers, James, Bellefonte. 
Taylor, William, Half-Moon. 

Oliver, Liberty. 

Frederick, Miles. 



Wi liter 

r,, Bnrnside. 

n, Edward, Bellefonte. 

T, Joseph, Renner. 

3, Lewis, Potter. 
Force, Martin, Howard. 
Fnltz, George, Miles. 
Hartzel, Daniel, Miles. 
HolTnian, John, Potter. 
Hunter, William, Penn. 
McCurdy, W. Scott. Ferguso 
McDoniild, John, Gregg. 
Ohl, Henry. 

Scott, Robert, Bnrnside. 
Shirk, Alexander, Spring. 
Stover, Jo!in,Bcnner. 
Tate, William, Half-Moon. 
Riddle, David, Liberty. 
Wagner, David, Liberty. 
Wyland, George, Bi-llefoiito 

The Fifty-sixtli Pennsylvania Regiment, Col. S. A. 
Meredith, afterwards Col. J. W. Hoffman, had of its 
staff from Centre County Lieut.-Col. John T. Jack, 
Jan. 30, 1865; resigned March 15, 1865; Surgeon 
James P. Wilson, Oct. 15, 1861, to April 23, 1862, 
and the following officers and soldiers : 

George Corman, Spring, capt. ; Nov. 4, 1861 ; killed at Bull Run Aug. 29, 

George H. Stover, Haiues, 1st lieut. ; Nov. 4, 1861 ; disch. Nov. 8, 18G2. 
Michael Runkel, Bellefonte, 2d lieut. ; July 1, 1862 ; to 1st lieut. Aug. 8, 

1862; to capt. Jan. 31, 1SC3 ; wounded with loss of arm May 6,1804; 

disch. Aug. 17, 1804. 
John D. Ilubler, Hainea, 1st sergt. ; Nov. 17, 1861 ; pro. 2d lieut. Nov. 8, 

1862 ; to 1st lieut. Jan. 1, 1863 ; wounded at Gettysburg July 1, 1863 ; 

disch. July 26, 1804. 
George T. Michaels, Walker, 2d sergt.; Nov. 5, 1861 ; wounded at Get- 
tysburg ; to 1st lieut. April 9, 1864 ; to capt. Sept. 3, 1864; com. 

major May 17, 1805 ; must, out with the company July 1, 1805. 
John P. Hoke, Walker ; Nov. 24, 1801. 

William W. Kreamer, Haines ; Nov. 11,1861; disch. February, 1803. 
John Limbert, Uaiiies; Nov. 17, 1861 ; pro. 2d lieut. Dec. 27, 1864; to 

1st lieut. March 17, 1805. 

Thomas Richardson, Gregg; Dec. 17, 1861 ; trans., 1861, to Batt. B, 1st 

Pa. Artillery. 
Jeremiah Sweeney, Snow Shoe ; Nov. 23, 1861 ; disch. Feb. 21, 1SC3. 
Nelson Lucas, Snow Shoe ; Dec. 15, 18 — ; killed at Gaines^ Mills. 
James F. Strong, Gregg; Nov. 2-"), 1861; wounded at Bull Run ; in Gen. 

IIosji. at New York in August, 18C3. 
Reuben Peters, Spring; March 9, 1862. 

Albright, Samuel ; Feb. 18, 1802, to July 1, ISM. 
Aston, David, Walker ; Dec. 2, 1801, to July 1, 1805. 
Broolts, Henry ; Dec. 20, 1801 ; re-enl. Feb. 1, 1804. 
Craig, David P., Walker : Dec. 17, 1801, to Dec. 12, 1804. 
Daughenbangh, Jncob, Harris. 

Dinger, Jacob H., Bellefonte; pro. to sergt, Dec. 19, 1862. 
Dresher, Stephen, Potter; Nov. 16, 1861. 
Dunn, Michael, Potter. 

Fii|:an, Rodger, Spring; Nov. 5, 1861, to July 1, 1865. 
F.sber, William, Spring; Dec. 16, 1801. 

Flora, Samuel, Spring; Nov. 11, 1801. 

Geistweit, Peter, Spring ; Nov. 24, 1861 ; trans, to Invalid Corps 1864. 

Gladfelter, John ; Dec. 3, 1861 ; disch. Feb. 11, 1803. 

Grubb, Solomon, Spring; Jan. 17, 1862; wounded at Beverly Ford; 
must, out July 1, 1865. 

Guipe, William, Walker ; Jan. 17, 1862, to 1864 ; trans, to Bat. B, 1st Pa. 

Grenoble, William, Walker; Dec. 17, 1861. 

Hackenberry, Green W., Snow Shoe; 1804; to Bat. B, 1st Pa. Art. 

Harnish, John M., Walker; Nov. 6, 1801 ; wounded at Gettysburg. 

Harnish, Jacob, Walker; Dec. 7, 1801; disch. Jan. 5, 1803. 

Horner, William W., Spring; Nov. 24, 1801 ; disch. December, 1862. 

Krise, Henry, Haines ; Dec. 16, 1861 ; died Oct. 16, 1863. 

Lepley, Sophares, Dec. 25. 

Lucas, James M., Snow Shoe ; Nov. 9, 1861 ; died March 11, 1864 ; buried 
at Culpeper Court-House, sec. A, row 4, grave 129. 

McGonigal, Daniel. 

Minnich, John W., Walker; Dec. 21. 

Musser, Ralph M., Penn ; Nov. 17, 1861, to 1865. 

Oswald, Reuben, Snow Shoe ; dis'cli. May 20, 1802. 

Peters, Reuben, Spring; March 9, 1802 ; disch. February, 1803. 

RoBsman, Henry, Walker; Dec. 11, 1861, to July 1, 1805. 

Russell, Frank H,, Haines; Dec. 19, 1861; disch. May 8,1862. 

Smith, Henry, Spring; Nov. 22, 1801 ; wounded at Beverly Ford June 9, 
1863; disch. Nov. 22, 1864. 

Tate, Winfield S., Snow Shoe; March 1, 1802. 

Walter, Daniel C, Gregg; Nov. 20, 1861; died in hospital near Wash- 
ington Oct. 5, 1802. 

Walter, David C, Howard ; Dec. 8, 1801, to Feb. 10, 1805. 

Waltz, Calvin, Spring; Nov. 10, , to Feb. 11, 1805. 

Waltz, Robert, Spring; Dec. 24; corp. 1803. 


Adam, William H., Taylor; Co. D. 

Albert, M., Potter. 

Amey, Ale.\ander, Worth; Co. K, Dec. 19, 1861. 

Bennett, John, Taylor. 

Burns, W. D., Bellefonte. 

Behel, Jacob, Taylor; Sept. 3, 1802; died at Falmouth, Va., January, 

Behel, Edmund, Taylor; Dec. 19, 1801. 

Crosbie, William E., Worth; Oct. 24, 1801. 

Crowell, Francis, Rush. 

Dixon, James, Taylor; Dec. 19, 1861, to 1S65. 

Dougherty, Thomas, Taylor; Oct. 24, 1861, to Oct. 24, 1804. 

Faust, Henry, Rush ; Dec. 19, 1861, to June 28, 1865. 

Fiiik, John S., Taylor; Dec. 19, ISOl. 

Fink, John A., Taylor ; Dec. 19, 1801. 

Fink, Michael, Taylor ; Dec. 19, 1861. 

Uurdman, David, Taylor; Dec. 19, 1801, to June 28, 1865. 

Jones, Levi, Worth; Oct. 24, ISOl; disch. Feb. 17, 1802. 

Kooken, R^v. John R., captain Co. C ; died of wounds received at Fred- 
ericksburg Dec. 14, 1802. 

Lego, Martin W., Taylor; Dec. 19, ISCl ; sergt. 

Lego, Thomas P., Taylor; Dec. 19, 1801. 

Markley, John M., Taylor ; Dec. 19, 1801. 

Mayes, William, Snow Shoe; Dec. 19, 1861, to June 28, 1865. 

Mose, Daniel, Taylor. 

Nearhoff, John, Taylor; Oct. 24, 1801, to June 28, 1805. 

Newman, Benjamin, Taylor; Dec. 19, 1801 ; died July 12, 1864, of wounds 
received at Petersburg June, 1864; buried in National Cemetery, 
Portsmouth Grove, R. I. 

Newman, John, Taylor ; Dec. 19, 1861 ; wounded at Petersburg March 
31, 1801. 

Newman, Richard, Taylor ; Oct. 24, 1801, to Oct. 24, 1864. 

Osterman, John, Rush. 

Spitler, Perry, Taylor; Oct. 24, 1861. 

Stonebreaker, John, Taylor ; Dec. 19, 1861. 

Stonebreaker, Abednego, Taylor; Dec. 19, 1861, to June 28, 1865. 

Woomer, Porter, Taylor ; Dec. 17, 1801. 

This company left Bellefonte Dec. 19, 1801, for Harrisburg. 
William W. Brown, Bellefonte; resigned May 25, 1802. 
John T. Jack, Harris ; pro. lat lieut. July 25, 1862 ; maj. May 9, 1863. 



Eobert B. Burger, Billtfunt"; Nov. 8, 18C1 ; 2d liellt. Apiil 16, 1803; 

c.ipl. Miiy 2.'i, 180.1; wouiiilod MiiylS, 1804; disdl. Sept. IS, 18C4. 
Alexander D. Tiinyer, IlHiTis, Feb. 13, 1802; sergt. Jbii. 17, 1804; 2d 

lieiit. May 3, 1804 ; wounded at Cold lliirlior May 6th ; Ist lieut. May 

ICth ; capt. Oct. ICIli ; discli. March 10, 1805, Burg. cerlif. 
S. U. Berinison, Feb. 12, 1802; Corp. Nov. 10, 1802; 1st Bergt. May 10, 

1804 ; 2d lieut. Juno 16, 18G4 ; 1st lieut. Oct. 16, 1864 ; capt. Juuo 4, 


First Lieutenciiits. 
James H. Rankin, Bellofonte ; Oct. 13, 1801 ; res. March 27, 1862. 
William T. Brisbin, Harris; Oct. 30, 1801; 2d lieut. Aug. 5, 1862 ; discb. 

surg. certif. Dec, 4, 1802. 
Henry Eby, Iliirris; Dec. 1, 1801 ; pro. to sergt.; wounded at Gettysbui'g 

July 1, 1803; pro. to 2d lient. Feb. 10, 1864; 1st lieut. April 28, 

1864; killed in the Wilderness May 6, 1804. 
William P. Cnrwin, wounded at Laurel Hill, Va., May 12, 1864; sorgt.- 

niaj. Dec. 28, 1804; 1st lieut. Juno 8, 1805. 

Second Lieuienants. 

James J. Brisbin, Bellefonte; Oct. 30, 1861 ; res. Oct. 31, 1862, and pro- 
moted in the reirular service. 

S. H. Williams, Hair-Moon; Feb. 13, 1802; from musician to 1st sergt. 
Oct. 10, 1801; 2d lieut. Nov. 23, 1804; capt. Co. I March 30, 1803. 

David E. P. Gill, Huston; Dec. 2!, 1801; wounded at South Mountain 

Sept. 14, 1804 ; disch. on account of wounds Jan. 13, 1803. 
James M. Perdue, Ualf-Moon ; Dec. 23, 1861 ; disch. on surg. certif. of 

John Ualdeman, Harris; Jan. 19, 1802; sergt. March 20, 1804; wounded 

May 6, 1804; discli. Feb. 15, 1805. 
Adolph Singleton, Palton; Feb. 13,1862; wounded at North Anna; 

disch. July 1,1805. 
Cyrus Strickland, Bellcfonte; Dec. 23, 1861 ; wounded at Rappahannock 

Station, Va. ; disch. on surg. certif Jan. 23, 1803. 
Frederick Censor, Union; Feb. 13, 1802; wounded at Gettysburg; ap- 
pointed sergt. Dec. 1, 1863; wounded and captured May 5, 1864; 

prisoner at Andersonvillo and Charleston, S. C. 
Elisha J. Smith, Rush ; wounded at Gettysburg and at North Anna; 

must, out with company July 1, 1865. 

11. P. Blair, Harris; Feb. 2, 1862; appointed Corp. Sept. 1, 1864; July 1, 

John Steere, Union, Jan. 19, 1802, to July 1,1803. 
Joseph Piper, Jan. 28, 1802, to July 1, 1S05. 
Thomas Animerman, Boggs; Jau. 19, 1802; wounded May 8, 1864; must. 

out July 1, 1805. 
John H. Falier, Half Moon ; Doc. 23,1861 ; sergt. April 11,1803 ; wounded 

May 10, 1S64 ; killed at Dabney Mills Feb. 6, ISOs! 
Daniel O'Brien, Ferguson ; Dec.23, 1S61 ; died of typhoid fever at Acquia 

Creek May 30, 1802. 
Tlieodore Lucas, Union ; Feb. 13, 1862 ; disch. C. C. April 29, 1869. 
JainesF. Lucas, Union; Feb. 13, 1802 ; disch. July 1,1865. 
George Swineharf, Harris, musician; Oct. 1, 1801 ; trans, to Vet. Res. 

Corj.s Dec. 12, 1863. 

Banks, John, Sept. 24, 1863; drafted; wonnded at North Anna May 23, 

1864; July 1,1803. 
Barr, Samuel, Harris; Dec. 23, 1861 ; disch on surg. certif 
Beatty, Josiah, Worth ; Jan. 18, 1802 ; killed near Petersburg, Vn., Juno 

18, 1804. 
Benuett,.WilliamT,, Potter; Oct. 1,1801; wounded at Gaines' Mill Aug. 

29, 1862; discli. for wounds. 
Blair, Robert F., Harris; disch. on surg. certif May, 1862. 
Blake, Henry, Union ; Oct. 1, 1861 ; Jan. 20, 1865. 
Blake, James H., Oct. 1, 1861 ; accidentally wounded July 21, 1862 ; died 

Oct. 5, 1862; buried at Military Asylum Cemetery, Washington, D. C. 
Bncker, William L., Harris ; Dec. 23, 1861 ; disch. on snrg. certif 
Calhoun, Harrison, Unionvillo; July 1, 1865. 
Campbell, Jolin, Harris; discli. on surg. certif. 
Campbell, Milton, Sept. 23, 1863; drufled : wounded, with loss of leg. 

May 23d; died May 30, 1864; grave 1780, Alexandria, Va. 
Cowker, David, Worth; July 1, 1805. 
Culver, William, Harris. 

Curvin, Lew is, Harris; Feb. 12, 1S02, to July 1, 1865. 
Dewitt, William, Sr., Boggs; Jan. 19, 1862, to Feb. 2, 1865. 

Dewitf, William, Jr., Boggd; Jan. 19, 1802, to July 1, 1805. 

Eckley, George, Feb. 14, 1862; wonnded June 18, 1864, at Petemburg, 

and died July 12, 1864 ; Imried at Chester, Pa. 
Emerick, J.din, Harris; March 1, 1862, to Feb. 12, 1805. 
Kaiiver, floury, Half-Moon ; Feb. 13, 1802, to July 1, 1865. 
Frain, John, wonndeil at Gaines' Mills, with loss of hand, Aug. 28, 1862 ; 

Vet. Res. Corps July 1, 1803. 
Fiy, William H., Ferguson; wounded at Laurel Hill May 12, 1864; died 

May 16,1864. 
Gingher, John, Boggs; Dec. 2, 1801, to July 1, 1865. 
Gilbert, Joseph, Harris; Deo. 3,1861; wounded at Gaines' Mills Aug. 28, 

1862; to Vet. Eos. Corps. 
Gill, James, Worth; Dec. 23, 1862; wounded at Spottsylvania May 10, 

1864; disch. ou surg. cerlif May 16, 1865. 
Ilahn, Charles H., Harris; Dec.23, 1861;'wonnded and discharged. 
Hall, Robert, Union ; disch. on surg, certif April 5, 1862. 
Harner, Samuel, Harris ; Dec. 23, 1861 ; absent, sick, in hospital at must. 

Hoop. Charles, Harris ; Dec. 23, 1861 ; disch. on surg. certif 
Jloover, John T., Worth ; Dec. 23, 1861 ; trans, to Battery B, U. S. A. 
Koon, David, Harris ; killed at Gettysburg July 1, 1803. 
Koon, Samuel, Harris; Feb. 11, 1802, to Jan. 24, 1805. 
Krcamer, William, Worth ; Jan. 18, 1802; killed at Petersburg June 18, 

Lightnor, Thomas, Ferguson ; Feb. 12, 1802 ; killed in a railroad col- 
lision at Fredericksburg, Jan. 13,1863; buried at Fredericksburg, 

div. D, sec. C, grave 77. 
Lucas, Benjamin, Boggs; disch. on surg certif April, 1862. 
Lucas, George A., April, 1864, to July 1, 1803. 
Lucas, Orlando C, Union; Feb. 14, 1862; accidentally wounded, and 

trans, to Vet. Res. Corps. 
McAfee, Thomas, Patton; died Dec. 21, 1S02. 
McKinney, Perry, Gregg; Feb. 25, 1802, to Feb. 27, 1865. 
MarUle, John, Patton ; Dec. 23, 1861 ; died April 20, 1803 ; buried in Mil- 
itary Asylum Cemetery, D. C. 
Slartin, Ciiarles, Half- Moon : Feb. 18, 1802, to July 1, 1865. 
Martz, George, Harris ; Jan. IS, 1862 ; wounded at Fredericksburg in the 

arm; disch, June 21, 1805, on surg. certif. 
Mason, Lewis F,, Potter; Dec. 21, 1861 ; com. 1st lient. Co. I, 83d Pa. 
Moore, Jacob B., Patton; Dec. 23, 1861 ; disch. on surg. certif 
Myers, Isaac, Half-Mooi: ; Dec. 23, 1861 ; disch. on surg. certif 
Parsons, George, Bellefonte; Jan. 18, 1862, to July 1, 1805.' 
Pifer, William U., Ferguson; Jan. 18, 1802; killed in the Wilderness 

May 6, 1864. 
Scholl, Aaron E , Bellefonte; Nov. 8, 1861, to Jan, 30, 1865. 
Stoey, Thomiis, Unionvillo. 
Steere, Isaiah B., April, 1864; wounded at Petersburg Juno 18,1804; 

di-sch. July 1, 1865. 
Stone, Samuel H., Patton; Feb. 13, 1862; wounded Juno 2, 1864, at Cold 

Harbor; disch. Feb. 17, 1803. 
Strotton, John M., Union; died Sept. 2, 1802; buried at Military Asylum 

Cemetery, D. C. 
Saniehart, George, Harris. 

Swisher, John, Unionvillo; Feb. 12, 1862, to July 1, 1805. 
Saitzer, Daniel, Half-Moon. 

Sayer, Joseph, diiifted; Sept. 19, 1864, to May 31, 1865. 
Ward, John, Patton ; Feb. 13, 1802 ; wounded, with loss of leg, July 1, 

1803, at Gettysburg; disch. May 21, 1804. 
Way, Caleb E., Patton; Fob. 15, 1802, to Feb. 15, 1863. 
Williams, Jesse, Huston, Jan. 26, 1862, to July 1, 1865. 
Walleslaugle, Abraham, Unionvillo ; disch. ou surg. certif 
Touug, David, Patton ; Feb. 12, 1862 ; wounded at Gainesville. 

In the One Hundred and Sixtieth Pennsylvania 
and Fourteenth Cavalry were, among others, — 

James B. Curtin, Nov. 20,1861; private in Anderson Troop; pro. Ist 

lieut. Co. L, Oct. 10, 1802 ; to Co. I, Penn. Cav., Feb. 28, 1864 ; disch. 

Sept. 21, 1804. 
Michael M. Miisser, sergt.; Oct. 3, 1862; com. 2d lieut. May 29, 1SG5, 

of Co. K ; must, out June 21, 1865. 
Caleb M. Keidiart, Nov. 30, IS61, Anderson Troop ; pro. 1st lieut. Co. H 

March 1, 1803 ; disch. May 8, 1863. 
Joseph E. Thomas, Awg. 22, 1802 ; pro. to sergt. March 1, 18C3 ; 2d lieut. 

Co. A, 180th Regt., Sept. 10, 1363 ; to capt. March 1, ISfiS. 
Hervey S. Liiigle, Oct. 3, 1862; pro. to 1st lieut. Co. G May 8,1803; 

killed at Mossy Creek, Teun , Dec. 29, 1863. 





Jan. 17, 1862, Capt. D. McMurtrie Gregg, of United 
States regulars, was coininissioned colonel of 
1862. Eighty-ninth Regiment (Eighth Pennsylva- 
nia Cavalry) ; brevet brigadier-general Nov. 
29, 1862. 

February 26th, the cars commenced running regu- 
larly on the Snow Shoe road from Bellefonte to Snow 

Letters received from Capt, Schaeflfer's company. 
Seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry, state the fact that 
nearly the whole, company were badly poisoned from 
provisions tlie rebels had left behind near Bowling 
Green, Ky. Several of the men died, and only about 
eight were fit for service at the writing. Among 
those who died was Thaddeus Longwell. He died at 
the hospital at Nashville, Tenn. 

In April, Valentine & Co. built their branch road 
from Bellefonte to their iron-works. 

Corp. Walker, of Forty-ninth, killed at Yorktown, 
was buried at Milesburg on the 7th of May; Capt. 
Green B. Shearer, of Company E, Ninety-third Penn- 
sylvania, was killed at Williamsburg, Va., May 5th. 
He died at the head of his company, the shot enter- 
ing his left groin and passing through the hip. He 
was buried on the plantation of Thomas Whitaker, 
about half a mile southeast of Williamsburg. 

The People's County Convention, as it was called, 
met on the 26th of August, John Turner, chairman ; 
R. H. Duncan and William Shordledge, secretaries. 
William Harris was nominated for Assembly, Lewis 
Hess, of Potter, for county commissioner, W. H. 
Blair for district attorney, H. P. Treziyulny for 
county surveyor, William H. Armstrong for Con- 

The Democratic County Convention was presided 
over by Hon. Samuel Strohecker ; James Foresman 
and J. P. Gephart, secretaries. Robert F. Barron 
was nominated for Assembly, William Farey for 
county commissioner; District Attorney, William H. 
Blair ; Auditor, W. J. Kealsh ; and Deputy Surveyor, 
Alexander Kerr. Maj. William F. Reynolds was 
unanimously nominated for Congress. 

On the 21st of July, Governor Curtin issued a proc- 
lamation calling upon the people of Pennsylvania to 
respond to the requisition of the President for twenty- 
one new regiments, and to recruit the regiments al- 
ready in the field. This contemplated the reception 
of volunteers for nine and twelve months. This sys- 
tem not being satisfactory to other States, Governor 
Curtin, at the request of the War Department, on the 
29th of July recalled former orders so far as they had 
not been acted upon, and commenced issuing authori- 
ties to recruit for three years or the war. 


Hale.Kiish: C. 

Cornelius, George I., Ferguson ; T, wounded at Fredericksburg Dec. 131h. 
Cornelius, Josliua, Fergnson; I. Crane, Benjamiii S., Rush ; C. 

Dile, William P., Ferguson ; Ist lieut. I; pro. to capt. Dec. 2S, 1803. 
Denny, Albert, Rush : 0. Binges, II., Bellefonte; I. 

Di nges, Jeremiah N., Ferguson ; I, wounded at Fredericksburg Dec. Wtlu 
Dougherty, Henry A., Knsh; C, wounded at Fredericksburg Dec. l:)th, 
Doiph, Isaac, Rush ; 0, died, Feb. 10, 1863, of wounds received at Fred- 
Dowling, Edward, Fergueon ; pro. to Corp. March 1, 18G3. 
Enieigh, Reuben, Ferguson ; I. 

Foy, William F., Howard; I, pro. to Corp. March 1, 1803. 
Haines, John P., Howard ; I. How, Sijnire, Rush ; C. 

Hudson, John, Rush ; C. Kennedy, William, Ferguson. 

Kinsloe, Albert, Rush; C. 

KihCh, John, Ferguson ; I, disch. on surg. certif. March 4, 18G3. 
Laird, Henry S., Ferguson ; I, wounded at Fredericksburg Dec. 13th. 
Moore, David T., Patton ; I. 
fllorgan, Benjamin, Ferguson ; C, corp. 

Morgan, John, Rush ; C, 2d lient. Randal, Perry 0., Howard; I. 
Ileeder, Robert B., I. Russell, William, Ferguson; I. 

Simms, John W., Ferguson ; I. Tate, Williiini E., I. 

Thompson, John H., Ferguson ; I, pro. to sergt. Aug. 27, 1803. 
Thompson, Hiram, Patton ; I. Wagner, David, Liberty. 

Weston, Frederick, Ferguson ; I. 

Centre County promptly responded to the appeal. 
A mass-meeting was held at Bellefonte on Saturday, 
August 2d, presided over by S. T. Shugert; vice- 
presidents, Moses Thompson, Gen. George Buchanan, 
George Gates, William Allison, Robert Campbell, 
John Adams, William C. Duncan, John Sankey, and 
others ; secretaries, D. J. McCanii and John T. Hoover. 
Hon. Samuel Linn, Hon. John S. Proudfoot, Cyrus 
T. Alexander, Robert Forster, William Musser, Jere- 
miah Mayes, Samuel Vantries, James Duncan, and 
William Allison were appointed a committee upon 
resolutions, the most important of which was, Ee- 
solved, That we will furnish our quota of men to meet 
the requisition, and that we will raise the amount of 
funds necessary for the purpose. It was recommended 
to the commissioners to pay a bounty of fifty dollars 
to each recruit and make a loan for that purpose, and 
the loan was subscribed for on the instant. 

Penn's valley cheerfully gave up her sons, and 
Capt. Robert McFarlane, with one hundred and thirty 
men, left Boalsburg on the 10th of August. Dr. 
George H. Fairlamb's company, one hundred and 
twenty-five strong, left Bellefonte on the 14th. On 
the 15tb, on the way to Harrisburg, one of the cars 
caught fire, and John Andreas, a German belonging 
to Dr. Fairlamb's company, leaped from the cars and 
was almost instantly killed. The above companies 
were shortly followed by Capt. James F. Weaver, the 
two Capt. Forsters, Capt. Andrew Musser, and Capt. 
Dolan's companies, and in the short space of one 
month seven companies were recruited and mustered 
into the service. 

On the 8th of September the regiment known as 
the One Hundred and Forty-eighth was organized at 
Camp Curtin, composed of the .above seven companies 
from Centre County, two companies raised in Jeffer- 




son and Indiana Counties, and one in Clarion. The 
field and staff were witli a few exceptions from Centre 
County, and the regiment lias talcen its place in his- 
tory as a Centre County regiment. 

The next day after organization it was assigned to 
duty guarding the Northern Central Railway, with 
headquarters at Cockeysville, Md., and was ordered 
to the front on the 7th of December, arriving at Fal- 
mouth, Va., after the battle of Fredericksburg had 
been lost, from which time onward Centre County 
blood crimsoned every battle-field of the Army of the 




Field and Staff Officers. 

James A. Beaver, cul. ; July 22, 1801 ; pro. fmiil licnt.-col. 4olli Regt. V. V. 

Sept. 4, 1802; to brevet brig.-gcii. Aug. 1, lSC-4 ; wouuded at Chiin- 

cellorsvillo, Vii., M«.v 3, ISKi, at Culd Harbor June 3, and at Petera- 

burg June 10, 18G4; discli. December 22d, for wounds, witli loss of 

leg, received at Ucani's Station Aug. 26, 1804. 
James F. Weaver, col. ; June 1, I80o. 
Hubert .MeFai lane, lient.-eoj. ; Aug. 27, 1802 ; pro. from capt. Co. G Sept. 

8, ISCi; discli. on snrg. ceitif. Nov. 4, 1803. 
Georgo A Faiilainli, lieut.-col, ; Aug. 22, 1802; pro. from capt Co. II to 

major Sept. 7, 1802; to lieut.-col. Nov, 15, 1801; wonnded at Chan- 

cellorsville, Va.,IIay 3, 180:i,and atSpoltsylvania Court-HouseMay 

12, 1804; prisoner from May 12 to Sept. 22, 1804; disch. on surg. 

cerlir. Feb. 24, 1805. 
James F. Weaver, lieut.-col. ; Sept. 1, 1802; pro. from maj May 15, 1805 ; 

com. col. June 1,1805; must, out June 1, 1805. 
Robert II. Foreter, maj.; Sei>t. 1, 1802; pro. from capt. Nov. 15, 1803; 

wounded at Petersburg, Va., June 18, 1804; disch. on surg. cert. 

Jan. 8, 1805. 
George A. Bayanl, maj. ; Au?. 22, 1802; pro. from capt. Co. H May 17, 

1805; com. lieut.-col. Juno 1,1805; must, out June 1, 1805. 
Robert Liptoli, adjt.; Sept. 1, 1802; pro. from private Co. B Sept. 8,1802 ; 

died at Mile.sbnrg, Pa., April 2U, 1803. 
Jo'seidi W. Bluftiey, adjt. ; Sept. 1, 1802 ; pro. from sergl.-maj. May 1, 1803 ; 

disrh. on surg. cert. Marcli 28, 1805. 
John O. Kurtz, q.m. ; Sept. 11, 1802; discb. on suig cert. April 28, 1804. 
Samuel D. Musser, q.m.; Aug. 28, 1802; pro. from q.m.-selgt. May lU, 

1804; must, out June I, 1805. 
Calvin P. W. Fisher, asst. surg. ; Sept. 12, 1802; disch. on surg. cort, Juno 

12, 1803. 
James P. Olenkirk, com.-sergt. ; Aug. 18, 1862 ; pro. from sergt. Co. G 

July I, 1804; must, out June 1, 1805. 
Lewis W. Ingram, com.-sergt.; Aug. 10, 1802 ; pro. to q.m. 8l8t Regt. 

P. V. June 27, 1804. 
William II. Slayes, hosp. steward; Aug. 27, 1802 ; pro. from private Co. 

C Nov. 1,1863; com. 2d lieut. Co. C Juno 1,1865; must, out June 

1, 1805. 
Jacob B. Krieder, hosp. steward ; Oct. 8, 1802 ; disch. Oct. 17, 1803. 
■William II. llarpster, prin. mus. ; Aug. 27, 1802; pro. from musician Co. 

C July 1, 1803; must out June 1, 1805. 
Samuel D. Otto, prin. mus.; Aug. 27, 1802; pro. from musician Co. C 

Marcli 1, 1804; must out June 1, 1805. 
Robert A. Cassaitay, prin. mus. ; Aug. 10, 1802; pro. from private Co. H 

Sept 8, 1802; trans, to 19th Regt, Vet Res. Corps; disch. July 13, 


Company A. 

1863 ; 

Bubort H. Forsfer, capt; Sept. 1, 1802; pro. to maj 

wounded at Chancellorsville. 
John L. Johnson, capt; Aug. 10, 1802 ; pro. from Ist lieut. Co. H Nov. 

15,1803; wounded at Cold Harbor, Vs., Juae 2!, 1SG4; disch. June 

4, 1865. 
Simon S. Wolf, Ist liput ; Aug. 30, 1802 ; disch. on snrg. cert Sept. 25, 

1863; died Jan. 1, 1875, is buried at Centre Uall. 

Wesley W. Belrly, 1st lieut; Aug. 25, 1802; pro. from Ut scrst. to 2d 

lieut. Oct 31 ; to 1st llcnt. Nov. 15, 1803 ; woundeil and caiKurM June 

20, 1804 ; died at Peteisbnrg. Va .Sept. 2,18C4, of wounds rcc. in action. 
Simon M. Spangler, Miles, l«t lieut; Aug. 2.i, 1802; pro. from l«t K-Tgl. 

Nov. 30, 1804 ; wounded May 12, 1804, at Spottaylvania ; must, out 

June 1, 1805. 
Erastus J, Burkert, Miles, 2d lieut; Aug. 31,1802; disch. on surg. cert 

June 20, 1803. 
Daniel E. Shaffer, Miles, 2d lieut; Aug. 2.5, 1802; pro. fiom sergt. Nov. 

15, 1863; died at Madi«onliurg, Pa., Sept. 12, 1Sr,t. 
Jared I. Jones, Miles, 2d lieut; Aug. 25, 1802; pro. from sergt Nov. 30, 

1804; must out June 1, 1805. 
John A. Miller, Miles, 1st sergt; Aug. 25, 1802; pro. from Corp. Dec. 7, 

1804 ; must out June 1, 1805. 
Thomas P. Meyer, Miles, sergt; Aug. 25, 1802; pro. from corp. Dec. 7, 

1804 ; must, out June 1, 1805. 
William Harper, Miles, sergt; Ang. 25, 1802; pro. fiom corp. Nov. 16, 

1R03; disch. by G. 0. June 20, 1865. 
Henry Miller, Miles, sergt; Aug. 25, 1802 ; pro. from Corp. April I,lSGo; 

must, out June 1, 1805. 
Daniel Weaver, Miles, sergt.; Aug. 25, 1802; pro. fiom coip. April 1, 

1805; must, out Juue 1, 1805. 
George W. Leitzell, Peiin, sergt; Aug. 25. 1802; pro. from Corp. Feb. 25, 

1803; wonnded July 2d at Gettysburg; trans, to Vet Kea. Corjis 

March 17, 1805. 
Ellas Slinglc, Penn, sergt. ; Aug. 25, 1802 ; died July 31, 1803, of wounds 

received in action at Getty^burg July 2, 1803. 
Samuel R, Gettig, Miles, Corp.; Aug. 25, 1802; pro. to Corp. Nov. 10, 

1803; taken prisoner Aug. 25, 1804, at Ream's Station, Va.; niiut 

out June 1,1865. 
Jacob Breckbill, Miles, corp. ; Aug. 25, 1862 ; pro. to corp. Dec. 7, 1864 ; 

must ont June 1, 1805. 
Benjamin Beck, Miles, Corp.; Aug. 25, 1862; pro. to corp. Dec. 7, 1864; 

wounded at Five Forks, Va., March 31, 1805, to June 24, 1805. 
Mana.*;ses, Gilbert, Miles, Corp.; Aug. 25, 1802; pro, to corp. April 1, 

18C5; severely wounded July 2, 1803, at Gettysburg; must, out June 

1, 1805. 
George Corman, Miles, corp.; Aug. 25, 1802; prisoner from July 2 to 

Aug. 2, 1863; pro. to corp, April 1, 1865 ; must, ont June 1, 1865. 
Henry Ci-onse, Miles, corp.; Aug. 25, 1862; pro. to corp, April 1,1865; 

must out June 1, 1805. 
Frederick Limbert, Miles, Corp.; Aug. 25, 1802; wonnded July 2, 1803, 

at Gettysburg; pro. to Corp. April 1, 1S05; must, out June 1, 1805. 
David Rossman, Miles, Corp.; Aug. 25, 1802; wounded at Sputtsylvania; 

pro. to Corp. April 1, 1805 ; must, out June 1, 1805. 
Levi Strayer, Miles, Corp.; Aug. 25,1802; disch. on snrg. certif. April 4, 

Henry Meyer, Miles, Corp. ; Aug. 2.5, 1802 ; wounded May 10, 1804, at Po 

River, and discb. on snrg. certif Sept 10, 1804. 
Thomas E. Royer, Miles, corp, ; Aug. 25, 1802; wounded Jlay 12,1864, at 

Spottsylvania ; trans, to 61st Co., 2d Batt., Vet Res. Corps, Jan. 20, 

1864; disch. Aug. 24, 1865. 
George M. Rupp, Haines, corp.; Aug. 25, 1802; wounded May 12, 1864, 

at Spottsylvauia ; trans, to 5l8t Co., 2d Batt., Vet. Res. Corps, Feb. 

9, 1805. 
Amos Erhard, Miles, Corp. ; Aug. 25, 1862 ; wounded July 2, 1863, at Get- 
tysburg ; trans, to Co. C, 24tli Regt P. V., Jan. 20, 1864 ; disch. June 

Daniel Sliafcr, Miles, corp. ; Aug. 25, 1802 ; died March 0, 1803, at Fal- 
Jacob Laiiich, Penn, corp. ; Aug. 25, 1802 ; killed at Gettysburg, Pa., 

July 2, 1803. 
Daniel Miller, Miles, corp, ; Aug. 25, 1862; died Aug. 8, 1864; buried 

in National Cemetery, .\rIington, Va. 
John B, Zeigler, Penn, musician ; Aug. 25, 1862, to June 1, 1865. 


Bierly, Solomon, Miles; Aug. 28, 1862 ; wounded June 13, ISOl, in Vir- 
ginia; di.sch. Aug. 22, 1803. 

Bierly, Charles W., Sliles; Aug. 25, 1802; wounded at Gettysburg; 
trans, to Vet. Res. Corps March 15, 1804. 

Bierly, James B., Gregg; Aug. 25, 1802; died at Falmouth, Va., Feb, 24, 

Boob, Levi, Miles; Aug. 28, 1862; wounded with loss of arms at Po 
River ; disch. with surg. certif. May 24, 1804 ; buricil at Uurtleyton, 
Uuion Co., Pa. 



Boob, Natlmniel, Miles ; Aug. 28, 1862 ; taken prisoner at Renin's Station, 

Va., Aug 23, 18G4 ; must, out Jnne 1, 1803. 
Boob, William, Miles; Aug. 23, 1862; wounded and captured at Po 

Boner, Daniel, Miles ; Aug. 28, 1R62, to June 1, 18G3. 
Boj-er, Adam, Miles: Aug. 25,1802; wounded July 3, 1803, at Gettys- 
burg; trans, to 108th ; to 2d Batt. Vet. Res. Corps March 17, 1865 ; 

disch. Aug. 23, 1803. 
Bressler, David, Penn ; Aug. 28, 1802; disch. on surg. certif. May 25, 

Conger, Henry G., Miles; Aug. 25, 1802 ; disch. on surg. certif. March 

2, 1803. 
(torman, James, Miles ; Aug. 25, 1862 ; must, out June 1, 1865. 
Dale, Solomon, Harris; Sept. 1, 1862 ; missing in action at Spottsylvania 

Court-House March 10, 1864. 
Deininger, H. 0., Penn ; Aug. 25, 1862 ; disch. July 14, 1865. 
Edii-man, Ellas, Miles; Aug. 25, 1802; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps April 14, 

1804; disch. by G.O.June 1,1865. 
Emerick, Jacob, Miles ; Aug. 25, 1862 ; wounded at Chancelbirsville, Va., 

May, 1863 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps March 17, 1804 ; disch. Sept. 0, 

Vulmer, Isaiah, Aug. 25, 1802; wounded at Po River, Va., and died 

some lime after ; buried in Poplar Grove Cemetery, Petersburg, Va. ; 

div. 8, sec. E, grave 151. 
Fulmor, Levi H., Miles ; Aug. 25, 1802 ; disch. on surg. certif Feb. II, 

Fulraer, William, Miles; Aug. 25,1862; killed at Po River, Va., May 

10, 1804. 
Garrett, Griffith, Miles; Aug. 25, 1802; died May II, 1803. 
Gilbert, Samuel, Peun ; Aug. 25, 1802 ; wounded at Po River, Va., May 

10, 1864 ; trans, to Co. B, I8tli Begt. Vet. Res. Corps, Sept. 1, 1804 ; 

disch. by G. 0. June 17, 1805 ; dead. 
Grim, Adam, Walker; Aug. 25, 1802 ; prisoner from Aug. 25, 1804, to 

March 14, 1805; disch. by G. 0. June C, 1805. 
Grim, John, Miles; Aug. 25,1802; must, out June 1, 1865. 
Gniss, Martin. Gregg ; Aug. 25, 1802 ; died Feb. 17, 1803. 
Gneiser, Maltliias, Miles; Aug. 25, 1862; wounded at Gettysburg, Pa. 
HalBy, John W., Howard ; Aug. 25, 1802 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Nov. 

13, 180 1. 
Harper, Simon, Miles; Aug. 25, 1802; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Sept. 1, 

1863; disch. July 12, 1805. 
Held, Charles H., Penn; Aug. 25, 1802; must, out June 1,1805; buried 

at Millheim, Pa. 
Johnson, Jacob D.; Aug. 25, 1802; trans, to Signal Corps April 10, 

Kleiufeller, Aaron, Miles; Aug. 25, 1862; disch. on surg. certif. March 

Kreamer, Gideon, Miles; Aug. 25, 1862; absent, sick, at muster out. 
Kreamer, Jesso, Penn; .\ng. 25, 1862; G. 0. May 20, 1805. 
Krape, Samuel, Penn ; Aug. 23, 1802 ; died April 14, 1803, at Falmouth, 

Lamy, Michael, Penn; Aug. 25, 1802; disch. on surg. certif. Feb. 23, 

Lanich, George W., Penn ; Aug. 25, 1802 ; disch. June 0, 1805. 
Lanich, Henry, Penn; Aug. 29, 1862 ; dishonorably discliarged Juno 7, 

Long, Daniel, Miles; Aug 25,1862; wounded at Chancellorsville; miss- 
ing at action at Petersburg June 25, 1804. 
Long, Jesse, Miles; Aug. 25, IS62; prisoner from Aug. 25,1804, must. 

out June I, 1803. 
Maize, Israel, Penn; Aug. 25, 1802; taken prisoner at North Anna, Va ; 

diedSept. 22, 1804. 
Miller, Aaron, Miles; Aug. 25, 1802; killed at Gettysburg July 2, 1863. 
Miller, John, Miles; Aug. 25, 1802; discli. on snig. certif. May 17, lS63. 
Meyer, Josipti, Miles; Aug. 25, 1802; disch. May 17, 1865. 
Meyer, William P., Miles; Aug. 23, 1802; killed at Deep Bottom, Va., 

Aug. 14, 1804. 
Otto, Israel, Peun; Aug. 25, 1862; wounded; disch. by general order 

July 3, 1803. 
Otto, William, Penn ; Aug. 23, 1802 ; must, out Jnne 1, 1865. 
Befsli, John E., Miles; Aug, 25, 1802; disch. on surg. certif. April 1, 

RoBsman, David, Miles. 
KoUBh, Jackson E., Miles; Aug. 25, 1802. 
Smith, Levi H., Miles; Aug. 25, 1802; trans, to Co. C, llth Regt. Vet. 

Res. Corps, April 14, 1864; disch. July 8, I8C5. 
Strayer, Samncl, Miles; Aug. 25, 1862; must, out June 1, 1865. 

Stover, Ellas, Miles ; Aug 23, 1862 ; disch. on surg. certif. June 20, 1864. 

Stover, Simon M., Miles ; Aug. 23, 1862 ; died April 9, 1863, at Fal- 
mouth, "Via. 

Strong, John, Miles; Aug. 25, 1862; must, out June 1, 1865. 

Walker, Ira, Miles; Aug. 23, 1862. 

AVeiglit, John, Miles; Aug 25, 1802; died July 24, 1805, of wounds re- 
ceived July 2, 1803, at Gettysburg, Pa. 

Weight, William, Grejig ; Aug. 25, 1802; trans, to Co H, 24th Regt. Vet. 
R»s. Corps, April 14, 1804; discli. Jnne 30, 1804. 

Weirich, Thomas G., Miles ; Sept. 1, 1802; absent, wounded, at muster 

Weis, Solomon, Miles; Aug. 25, 1802. 

Weiser, Charles W.; Aug. 25, 1802; wounded July 2, 1803, at Gettys- 
burg, Pa. 

Wolf, Charles A., Miles; Aug. 25, 1802; died at Falmouth, Va., Feb. 9, 

Wolf, Franklin, Miles; Aug. 25, 1862; killed at Po River, Va., May 10, 

Wolf, Harry, Miles; Aug. 23, 1862; died at Salisbury, N. C, June 29, 

Wolf, Samuel, Penn; Aug. 2.3, 1862 ; died Feb. 22, 1863, at Falmouth, 

Company B. 

James F. Weaver, Milesburg, capl.; Sept. 1, 1802; wounded at Po 
River, Va., May 9, 1804; pro. to maj. March 7, 1803. 

William D. Harper, Boggs, capt. ; Aug. 29, 1802 ; pro. to sergt. Oct. 22, ' 
1802 ; to 1st lieut. March 1, 1803 ; to capt. March 7, 1805 ; wounded 
at Petersburg, Va., June 22, 1804 ; must, out June 1, 1803. 

Jabez C. P. Jones, Milesburg, 1st lieut.; Sept. 1,1802; disch. on sur- 
geon's certificate Feb. 10, 1863. 

James E. McCartney, Milesburg, 2U lieut. ; Sept. 1, 1862 ; commissioned 
1st lieut. Feb. 1, 1805 ; disch. on surgeon's certificate Feb. 24, 1805. 

David H. Swyers, Boggs, 1st sergt. ; Aug. 29, 1802; pro. to corp. Oct. 1, 
1803; to 1st sergt. Aug. 1, 1804; wounded at Po River May 10, 
1804, and at Five Forks, Va., March 31, 1805; commissioned 1st 
lieut. March 1, 1805 ; disch. June 3, 1S65. 

Samuel L. Barr, Benner, 1st sergt.; Aug. 29, 1802; pro. from sergt. Aug. 

1. 1803 ; wounded at Bristol Station, Va., Sept. 14, 1803; pro. to 2d 
lieut., 18th Begt. Vet. Res. Corps, June 18, 1804; disch. Jnne 30, 

John B. Like, Boggs, 1st sergt.; Aug. 29, 1802; died at York, Pa., Dec. 16, 

Michael F. Connor, Milesburg, 1st sergt. ; Aug. 29, 1802; pro. from sergt. 

Dec. 27, 1802; killed at Cliancollorsville, Va., May 3, 1803. 
George W. Lucas, Snow Shoe, sergt.; Aug. 29, 1802; prisoner from 

Juue 10, 1801, to April 28, 18(15; disch. May 10, 1805. 
Thomas T. Taylor, Boggs, sergt. ; Aug. 29, 1802 ; pio. to sergt. May 27, 

1803; commissioned 2d lieut. and must, out June 1,1803. 
Alfred C. Moore, Benner, sergt.; Aug. 29, 1S02 ; pio. to sergt. Nov. 19, 

1803; wounded at Five Forks, Va., March 31, 1803; disch. May 22, 

Constance Barger, Boggs, sergt.; Sept. 1,1802; pro. to corp. Nov. 19, 

1863; to sergt. Aug. 1, 1804; wounded at Five Forks March 31, 

1805 ; must, out June 1, 1805. 
George R. Huston, Unionville, sergt.; Aug. 29, 1802; pro. from corp. 

Dec. 27, 1862; wounded at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, 1803; trans, to 

901h Co., 2d Bat. V. R. C, Dec. 14, 1803 ; disch. Aug. 28, 1865. 
W. J. J. Davidson, Boggs. sergt. ; Aug. 20, 1802; pro. from Corp. March 

19, 1803 ; died at Potomac Croel^, Va., May 2, 1803. 
Jacob Itoop, Benner, sergt. ; Aug 29, 1862 ; pro. from corp. Aug. 1, 1803 ; 

killed at Po River, Va , May 10, 1804. 
George P. Hall, Union, corp. ; Aug. 29, 1802 ; pro. to corp. Nov. 9, 1802 ; 

wounded at Gettysburg July 3, 1803 ; disch. Miiy 20, 1805. 
Samuel R. Mitchell, Union, Corp.; Aug. 29, 1802; pro. to corp. May 27, 

1863; disch. June 4,1865. 
John D. Lucas, Milesburg, Corp.; Aug. 29, 1802; pro. to corp. Nov. 19, 

1603; must, ont Jnne 1,1805. 
Edwin Searson, Benner. Corp.; Aug. 29, 1802; pro. to Corp. May 12, 

1804; wounded at Gettysburg July 3, 1803, and at Cold Harbor June 

6. 1804 ; disch. Aug, 9, 1805. 

Benjamin F. Han is, Half-Moon, Corp. ; Aug. 29, 1802 ; pro. to corp. Aug. 
1, 1804; must, out Juno 1, 1866. 

William B. Peters, Uniunville, Corp.; Aug. 29,1862; wounded at Wil- 
derness, Va., May 4, 1804; pro. to corp. Sept. 29, 1804 ; disch. June 12, 

Allen S. Ammerman, Union, corp.; Aug. 29, 1802; pro. to corp. Feb. 28, 
1805 ; must, out June 1, 1805. 



David SiUort, Ben nor, Corp.; Sept. 1,1862; pro. to Corp. Doc. 27,1862; 
trans to Vet. Kes. Corps Feb. 1, 1804. 

Edward II. Poornmn, Benner, Corp. ; Sept. 1, 18C2; trans, to Vet. Kes. 
Corps April 2U, 1804. 

0. W. Viin Vulin, Unionville, corp. ; Sept. 1, 1862 ; pro. to Corp. Mnrcli 
17,1803; wounded at Gettyabiirg July 2, ISCI : pro. to 1st lieut.lUt 
Kegt. U. S. C. T. Oct. 11, 1804; must, out Dec. 10, 1805. 

W. C. Aninicrnmn, Uninn, Corp. ; Auc 20, 1802 ; wounded at Cli«ncel- 
loisville, Va., May 3, 1803; died May 31st of wounds received at 
Spntlsylvania Coiirt-IIouse May 12, 1864; buried in National Ceme- 
tery, Arlington, Va. 

Natliaiiiel Beerly, ISoggs, musician; Aug. 29, 1802, to June 1, 1809. 

Emory Uutton, Benner, musician ; Aug. 29, 1802, to Juno 1, 1805. 


Adams, John, Feb. 18, 1804 ; disch. July 13, 1805. 

Adams, Nelson, Union; Aug. 29, 1802; wounded at Five Forks, Va., 

March 31, 1805; discli. June 0, 1806. 
Ammerinau, David A., Unionville; Aug. 29, 1802 ; died July 5th of wounds 

received iit Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, 1803 ; buried in National Ceme- 
tery, sec. B, grave 33. 
Amnicrnian, John, Milesburg; Aug. 29,1802; wounded at Gettysburg 

July 2, 1803 ; captured at Ream's Station, Va., Aug. 23, 1864; died 

at Andersonville Feb. 19, 1805. 
Ammernian, Joseph, Harris; Aug. 29, 1802; wounded at Pu River May 

10, 1804; discli. on surg. cerlif. March 30, 1805. 
Ammernian, R. W., Milesburg; Aug. 29, 1802; wounded, with loss of leg, 

at Po Kiver, Va., May 10, 1804 ; disch. May 30, 1865. 
Barger, James, Doggs ; Sept. 1, 1802, to June 1, 1805. 
Beers, Reuben B., Spring; Aug. 29, 1802. 
Beerly, Mesulani, Boggs; Aug. 29, 1802; died at Falmouth, Va., Feb. 8, 

Bennett, George, Curlin; Sept. 1, 1802; died at York, Pa., March 23, 

1803; buried in Prospect Hill Cemetery. 
Biddle, John W., Paltou ; Sept. 1, ISOt ; prisoner from June 16, 1864, to 

April 28, 1805; disch. May 29, 1865. 
Billet, George, Bell.funle; Aug.29,lS6i; JuneI,lSC5. 
Blower, Austin, Feb. 18, 1804; trans, to Co. I, 53d Regt. P. V., June 1, 

Bryan, Samuel, Boggs; Sept. 1, 1802 ; June 1, 1805. 
Blower, James R., Union ; Sept. 1, 1SC2 ; wounded at Gettysburg July 2, 

1803; captured at Petersburg June 2, 1801; died at Audeisonvillc 

Oct. 18, 1S04. 
Brower, Philip, Boggs ; Sept. 1, 1802, to June 1, 1805. 
Brown, Michael, Boggs; Aug. 20, 1S02; wounded at Chancellorsvllle May 

3, and Gettysburg July 2, 1S03; trans, to Vet. Ues. Corps. 
Bush, Michael, Haines ; Aug. 19, 1863, to May 31, 1S03. 
Conaway, Thomas A., Burnside; Sept. 1, 1803; wounded at Spottsyl- 

vauia Court-House May 12, 1804 ; must, out June 1, 1S65. 
Davis, Abel, Boggs; Aug. 29, 1802; killed at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, 

Doughnian, Frederick, Boggs; Sept. 1, 1862 ; disch. on suig. certif. Jan. 

1, 1865. 
Draneker, Alexander J., Milesburg; Feb. 28, 1S04; wounded at Po River 

May 9, 1864; trans, to Co. I, 53d Regt, June 1, 1865. 
Durst, John L.; Aug. 31, 1803; drafted; trans. to Vet. Res. Corps April 

2", 1804; disch. by G. 0. July 19, 1805. 
Edmiston, William A., Benner; Sept. 1, 1S06 ; wounded at Po River, Va , 

May 10, 1864; trans, to Co. I, 0th Vet. Res. Corps; disch. July 3, 

Ehrhorn, John C., Milesburg; Sept. 1, 1862, to June 1, 1805. 
Flick, Jacob, Union; Sept. 1, 1S05; wouiiJed at Ream's Station, Va, 

Aug. 25, 1804 ; disch. on surg. certif. Mnrcli 0, 1803. 
Harris, George \V., Benner; Aug. 29, 1862; disch. for wounds received 

at Five Forks, Va., Maich 31, 1865. 
Harris, Valentine, Benner; Aug. 29, 1862; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps July 

27, 1863. 
Hines, Jiimcs, Walker; Aug. 23, 1802; captured atSiiIesburg,N. C, Dec. 

12, 1804. 
Hugg, Enoch, Unionville; Sept. 1, 1802; disch. on surg. certif. April 12, 

Huling, Samuel, Burnside ; Sept. 1, 1862 ; disch. by G. 0. June 2, 1865. 
Hurts, Charles F., Boggs; Sept. 1, 1802; captured at Strawberry Plains, 

Va., June '22, 1804; must, out June 1, 1805. 
Huston, James, Unionville; Aug. -.O, 1SC2; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps 

Sept. 17, 1863. 

Iddlngs, .Joseph, Union; Aug. 29, 1802; wounded at Cliuncslloravllle 

May 3,.1803 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Cor|« June 27, 1801. 
Irwin, Thomas N.; March 1, 1804; trans, to Co. I, 63d Pii , June I, IS&I. 
Keller, Joseph, Boggs; Aug. 2, 1802; died at Fulmoulli, Va., Apiil4, 

Keller, William, Spring; Aug. 29, 1802; prisoner from Aug. 25lh to 

Oct. 7, 1804; disch. June 29, 1865. 
Killinger, Abraham, Bellefonte; Aug. 29, 1802: died at Washinglun, 

D. C, Sept. 16, 1863; buried in Military Asylum Cemetery. 
Kline, David, Huston; Sept. 1, 1862; disch. October I8lh for wounds re- 
ceived, with loss of arm, at Petersburg June 22, 1804. 
Kreps, W. H., Walker ; Aug. 20, 1802, to June f>, l(iC5. 
Liplon, Robert, Milesburg ; Sept. 1, 1802 ; pro. adji. Sept. 8, 1802. 
McGarvey, Charles, Unionville; Aug. 20, 1802; disch. on surg. certif. 

March 11, 1863. 
Moore, Charles, Benner; Aug. 29, 1^2; wounded at Five Forks, Va, 

March 31, 1805; died at Washington, D. C, April 7, 1863; l,urie.l in 

National Cemetery, Arlington. 
Muffley, Joseph W., Howard; Sept. 1, 1802; pro. to sergt.-niaj. Sept. S, 

Parsons, Wilson J., Union; Aug. 29, 1803; trans, to 162d Co., 2d Bait. 

Vet. Res. Corps; ilied Feb. 'i.i, 1805; buried in PopLir Grove Na- 
tional Cemetery, Petersburg, sec. D, grave 105. 
Peters, John, Unionville; Aug. 20, 1802; died near Morrisville, Va., 

Aug. 17, 1803. 
Pheasant, George, Howard; Sept. 1, 1802; killed at Gettysburg July 2, 

Poorman, James, Spring; Feb. 15, 1804; trans, to Co. I, 53d Pa., June 1, 

Quick, Thomas, Spring; Aug. 29, 1862; wounded at Cold Harbor, Va., 

June 3, 1864; disch. on surg. certif. Jan. 4, 1805. 
Reiter, Joseph F., Boggs; Sept. 1, 1862; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Apr. I 

'20, 1804. 
Richards, Armor, Unionville; Sept. 1, 1803; died at Philadelphia Nov. 

17, 1804. 
Roan, Andrew B., Benner; Aug. 29, 1862, to June, 1805. 
Rose, James, Boggs; Aug. 29, 1802; trans, to V.^t. Res. Curp=. 
Sailor, Beijjaniin, Boggs; Sept. 1,1802; died at Cockeysvjlle, Md, Oct. 

27, 1S02. 
ShinU, John J , Huston; Sept. 1, 1862, to June 12, 1805. 
Sliroyer, James, Boggs; Aug. 29, 1862; died at Coekeysville, Md., Dec. 

3, 1862. I 
Sbroyer, William H., Boggs; Aug. 29, 1802 ; died at Potomac Creek, Va., 

May 29, 1863. 
Shultz, Jacob, Boggs; Sept. 1, 1802 ; disch. on surg. cert. Aug. 20, 1803. 
Spoils, John, Huston ; Sept. 1, 1802; killed at Sliotlsylvauia Courl-House, 

Va., May 12, 1864. 
Stone, George, Patton ; Aug. 29, 1862, to July 12, 1805. 
Stone, William, Pattou; Aug. 29, 1862; died at Falmouth, Va., Feb. 0, 

Vanralen, James W., Unionville ; Sept. 1, 1802, to June 1, 1805. 
Walker, Matthias, Boggs; Aug. 29, 1802; wounded at tliancellorsville 

May 3, 1803; died at Milesburg, Pa., Dec. 4, 1^64. 
Walker, George, March 14, 1804 ; wounded at Po River May HI, 1604, and 

at Five Forks March 31, 1S63; tnius. to Co. I, 5)d Regt.; discli. 

June 10, 1805. 
Walter, Charles C, Benner; Aug. 29, 1802, to June 1, 1SG3. 
Watkiiis, Alexauder C.', Snow Shoe; Sept. 1, 1802; discli. on burg. certif. 

Jan. 1,1S65. 
Watkins, Benjamin F., Snow Shoe, Aug. 29, 1862 ; wounded at Spottsyl- 

vania Coui tllouse May 12, 1804 ; absent at muster out. 
Wells, S.imuel, Sept. 1, 1803 ; disch. on surg. cert. Jan. 1, IS6o. 
Wertz, William H., March 15, 1864; trans, to Co. I, 53d Regt., June 1, 

Wolf, Henry, Patton : Aug. 29, 1862 ; died near Stevensburg, V,a., April 

10, 1804; buried in National Cemetery, Culpeper Court-Hoiise, 

block 1, section A, Nov. 7, grave 215. 
Wylali, Peter, Bog^ ; Aug. 20, 1802 ; absent, sick, at muster out. 


Robert 51. For.ster, Harris, capt.; Aug. 30, 1802 ; killed at Gettysburg 

July 2, 1803. 
Jacob B. Edmonds, capt. ; Aug. 27, 1802; pro. from Ist lieut Co. G Nor. 

15, 1803; killed at Petersburg June 22, 1804. 
William E. Graham, Harris, capt. ; Aug. 27, 1802 ; pro. from corp. to 2d 

lieut. Aug. 1, 1804 ; to capt. Oct. 3, 1^04 ; res. March 2, IS03. 



John F. Benner, Harris, capl. ; Aug. 27, 1862; pro. from sergt. to 2il 
lieut. Oct. 3, 1864 ; to capt. May 1.1, 1865 ; must, out June 1, 1865. 

^Villiani H. Bible, RuBli, 1st lieut.; Aug. 30, 1802; killed at Cliaucellurs- 
villeMayS. 1863. 

Jacob S. Lender, Walker, 1st lieut. ; Aug. 27, 1802 ; pro. from sergt. Oct. 

31. 1803 ; killed at Cold Harbor June 3, 1804. 

David C. Ealslon, Harris, 1st lieut. ; Aug. 27, 1802 ; pro. from sergt. to 

2d lieut. Aug. 26, 1863 ; to 1st lieut. July 31, 1804 ; killed at Beam's 

Station Aug. 25, 1864. 
Samuel Everliart, 1st lieut.; Aug. 18, 1802; pro. from sergt Co. G Oct. 

3, 1864 ; com. capt. Jlarcli 1, 1805 ; killed at Five Forks March 31, 

Bauiel Slniey. Hanis,lst lieut.; Aug. 27, 1862; pro. to corp. Oct. 1,1863; 

to sergt. Oct. 1 , 1804 ; to 1st lieut. May 17, 1805 ; must, out June 1, 

Francis Stevenson, Patton, 2d lieut. ; Aug. 30, 1802 ; killed at Chancel- 

lorsville May 3, 1S03 
Ezra B. Walter, Walker, 1st sergt. ; Aug. 27, 1862 ; pro. from sergt. May 

17, 1863 ; mnst. out June 1, 1805. 
Frederick Yocum, Walker, sergt.; Aug. 27, 1802; disch. Feb. 21, 

1865, for wounds received al Sliottsylvania Court-House May 12, 

John Craig, Patton, 1st sergt. ; Aug. 27, 1802; disch. on surg.certif. May 

6, 1865. 
Charles C. Harman, Harris, 1st sergt. ; Aug. 27, 1802 ; died at Washing- 
ton, D. C, July Ist, of wounds received at ChaucellorsviUe May 3, 

James Knox, Benner, seigt, ; Aug. 27, 1862 ; pro. to sergt. May 17, 1865; 

must, out June 1, 1865. 
John F. S»iler, Beuuer, sergt.; Aug. 27, 1802; missing in action at 

Petereburg June 22, 1864. 
William C. Iluey, Harris, sergt. ; Aug. 27, 1802; wounded at Chaucel- 
lorsviUe May 3, 1863; pro. Irom corp. Aug. 27, 1803; trans, to Co. 

B, 12th Eegt. Vet. Kes. Corps, Feb. 15, 1804 ; disch. June 28, 1803. 
Abraham G. Garter, Foiguson, sergt.; Aug. 27, 1802; pro. from corp. 

Jau. 5, 180) ; killed at ChaucellorsviUe, Va., May 3, 1803. 
James K. P. Ward, Half-Moon, Corp.; Aug. 27, 1802; pro. to Corp. Nov. 

1, 1804 ; must, out June 1, 1805. 
Abraham Wertz, Half-Moon, corp. ; Aug. 27, 1802 ; pro. to corp. Nov, 1, 

1804; must, out June 1, 1805. 
James Elleubavger, Ferguson, lorp.; Aug. 27, 1802; pro. to corp. Feb. 

21, 1865 ; must, out lune 1, 1805. 
John G. Robinson, Half-Moon, Corp.; Aug. 27, 1802 ; pro. to Corp. May 

17, 18l'5 ; must, out June 1, 1805. 
Christian Lowry, Benner. Corp.; Aug. 27, 1862; pro. to corp. Aug. 15, 

1864; must, out June 1, 1805. 
Michael Hall, Taylor, Corp. ; Aug. 27, 1802 ; pro. to corp. May 17, 1S65 ; 

must, out June 1, 1806 
Patrick Campbell. Bellefonte, Corp.; Aug. 27, 1862; pro. to corp. May 

17, 1865 ; must. o\it June 1, 1805. 
Christian Swart/., Walker, corp.; Aug. 27, 1862; disch. Sept. 2l8t for 

wounds received at Chancellorsville May 3, 1803. 
Samuel Botlorff, Spring, Corp.; wounded at Chancellorsville May 3, 

1863 ; trans, to Vet. Kes. Corps Feb. 10, 1864. 
James Kay, llairis, Corp.; Aug. 27, 1802 ; wounded at Gettysburg July 

2, 1803; Iraiis. Vet. Kes. Corps Feb. 15, 1804; disch. June 20, 1805. 
James T. Beck, Marion, corp. ; Aug. 27, 1802 ; pro. to corp. Dec. 7, 18Cj ; 

killed at Chancellorsviile May 3, 1803. 
William T. McCaluiont, Marion, Corp.; Aug. 27, 1802 ; Jiro. to corp. Juno 

25, 1863 ; killed at Gettysburg July 2, IS&i. 
Nathan M. Yuruell, Harris, corp. ; Aug. 27, 1802 ; killed at Chancellors- 
ville May 3, 1803. 
Hiland Biddle, Pallun, corp. ; Aug. 27, 1802; pro. to corp. Aug. 25, 1803; 
, died Dec. 2Sth of wounds received at Peteisburg Oct. 8, 1SG4. 
Thomas C. Keyes, Bellefonte, Corp.; Aug. 27, 1802; killed at Beams' 

Station Aug. 25, 1804. 
John G. Maltern, Half-Moon, corp. ; Aug. 27.1802; pro. to corp. April 

1, 1864; killed at Spottsylvania Court-House May 12, 18G4. 
Law B. Bathurst, Boggs, musician ; Aug. 27, 1802, to June 1, 1805. 
William 11. Harpster, Half-Moon, musician; Aug. 27,1802; pro. to prin- 
cipal musician July 1, 1863. 
Samuel D. Otto, Milesburg, musician ; Aug. 27, 1802 ; pro. to principal 

musician March 1, 1804. 


Adams, Albert, Harris; Aug. 27, 1802; wounded at Po Kiver, Va., May 

10. 1804 ; died .lune 11, 1864 ; buried in Nat. Cem., Arlington, Va. 
Bumbargcr, Thaddeus B., Liberty ; Aug. 27, 1802, to June 1, ISGo. 

Brown. George, Harris; Aug. 27, 1862, to June 1, 18a5. 

Baily, Isaac, Half-Moon ; Aug. 27, 1862; trans, to Co. D, 19th Regt. Vet. 

Res. Corps, Feb. 14, 1804 ; disch. April 18, 1SG5. 
Baird, Jacob, Harris; Aug. 27, 1862; killed at Chancellorsville May 3, 

Coble, John, Jr., Harris ; Aug. 27, 1862, to Jnne 1, 1805. 
Carter, Jacob L., Ferguson ; Aug. 27, 1802 ; wounded at Gettysburg July 

2, 1863; disch. July 29, 1805. 
Garner, James, Patton; Aug. 27, 1802; captured near Petersburg Oct. 

27, 1861; died at Salisbury, N.C., Nov. 22, 1804. 
Cai tin, H. J., Patton ; Aug. 27, 1802 ; disch. on surg. cert. Aug. 17, 1803. 
Carson, William, Ferguson; Aug. 27, 1862; disch. December 24th for 

wounds received at Spottsylvania Court-House Slay 10, 1804. 
earner, William, Harris; Aug. 27, 1802; wounded at Chancellorsville 

May 3, 1803; trans, to Vet. Bes. Corps Sept. 1,1803. 
Campbell, William, Patton; Aug. 27, 1S62; killed at Chancellorsville 

May 3, 1803. 
Cronemillcr, Reuben, Harris; Aug. 27, 1802; died June 4th of wounds 

received at Chancellorsville May 3, 1863. 
Carver, Joseph, Bellefonte; Aug. 27, 1862; killed at Gettysburg July 2, 

1803; buried in National Cemotei-y, sec. F, grave 27. 
Cline, John A., Patton; Aug. 27,1802; died at Cockeysville, Md.,Dec.8, 

Dearmout, J. P., Benner; Aug. 27, 1802, to June 1, 18i'5. 
Dorman, Jacob, Walker; Aug. 27, 1802 ; killed at Chancellorsville May 

3, 1863. 
Fulton, Llwellyn, Harris ; Aug. 27, 1862, to June 1, 1865. 
Funk, Martin, Half-Moon ; Aug. 27, 1802 ; wounded at ClmnccUorsvillo 

May 3, 1803; trans, to Vet. Res. Coi-ps May 3, 1865. 
Freed, Abraham, Patton; Aug. 27, 1802; died near Falmouth, Va., Jan. 

10, 1.S03. 
Garbrick, Amos, Walker; Aug. 27,1802; wounded at Chancellorsville 

May 3,1803 ; disch. June 1,1805. 
Grater, Robert, Howard ; Aug. 27, 1862, to 1805. 
Gates, George, Ilalf-Moon ; Aug. 27, 1802; disch. on surg. cert. April 20, 

Gates, Daniel, Ferguson ; Aug. 27, 1862 ; died near Falmouth, Va., April 

4, 1803. 
Gill, Samuel, Ferguson ; Aug. 27, 1602 ; killed at Deep Bottom, Va., Aug_ 

14, 1804. 
Johnson, Andrew, Half-Moon; Aug. 27, 1802; disch. May 19, 1805. 
Johnstonhaugh, J. C., Feb. 25, 1804 ; trans, to Co. K, 53d Eegt., June 1, 

Jackson, John, Harris: Aug. 27, 1862 ; wounded at Chancellorsville May 

3, 1863; trans, to 51st Co., 2d Batt., Vet. Res. Corps, Nov. 16, 1863; 

disch. Aug. 20, 1805. 
Kreps, David, Ferguson ; Aug. 27, 1802 ; wounded at Gettysburg July 2, 

1803 ; disch. Feb. 4, 1804. 
Lytle, William, Half-Moon ; Aug. 27, 1802; disch. on surg. certif. March 

30, 1803. 
Lambert, William B., Bellefonte; Aug. 27, 1862; disch. Sept. 24, with 

loss of left arm, wound received at Chancellorsville May 3, 186:i; 

died at Bellefonte March 29, 1808, aged twenty-flvo years. 
Lee, Joseph S., Walker; Aug. 27, 1802; wounded at Chancellorsville 

May 3, 1803; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps June 10, 1S04. 
Lawson, Samuel, Patton ; Aug. 27, 1802 ; deserted Dec. 13, 1802. 
Lytle, Ephraim, Half-Moon ; Aug. 27, 1862; deseited June 2S, 1803. 
Malts, Fabian, Patton; Aug. 27, 1802; wounded at Five Forks, Va., 

March 31, 1805; disch. July 18, 1803. 
Mayes, James I., Benner; Aug. 27, 1802; disch. on surg. ccrlif. March 

14, 1803. 
Mnyes, Lewis ; died at Salisbury, N. C, Nov. 21, 1864. 
Mayes, William H., Harris; Aug. 27, 1862; pro. to liosp. steward Nov. 1, 

Muslenian,Wm., Ferguson ; Aug. 27, 1802; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Jan. 

1, 1864 ; disch. Juno 17, 1805. 
Markle, Henry W., Walker ; Aug. 27, 1.862; died June 6th, of wounds 

received at Chancellorsville May 3, 1803. 
McBath, Thos , Ferguson ; .\ug. 27, 1862; wounded at Deep Bottom, Va., 

Aug. 14, 1864 ; tran«. to 3d Co , 2d Batt., Vet. Res. Corps; disch. on 

surg. certif. Aug. «, 1866. 
Mclverson, John, Patton; Aug. 27, 1862; died at Falmouth, Va., March 

17, 1863. 
Neil, Robert C, Patton ; Aug. 27, 1802; disch. on surg. certif. Aug. 20, 

Nichols, Samuel, Bellefonte; Aug. 27,1802: trans, to 27th Co., 2d Bait., 

Yet. Kes. Corps, Sept. 30, 1804 ; disch. June 29, 1805. 



Soms, Wni. U., Harris; Ang. 27, 1862; killed at Chanoelloreville May 

3, 1863. 
Osman, Lpmuol, Harris; Aug. 27, 1862; wonnd«d at Cold Harbor Juno 

3,1864; disch. Aug. 2, 18C5. 
Osman, George. Harris; Aug.27,1862; killed at GettysLurg July 2,1863; 

buried in National Cemetery, sec. B, gmve 63. 
Pennirigton, Henry, Patton ; Aug. 27, 1862, to June 1, 180.5. 
Ports, John W., Aug. 31, 18C3 ; drafted ; discli. Feb. 10, 1865, for wounds 

received nt Po Iliver May 10, 1864. 
Paul, Arcliiliald S., June 1, 180^1; drafted; trans to Co. K, 53d Begt., 

June 1,1805. 
Pottsgrove, George G., Half-Moon; Aug.27,1862; trans, to 51st Co., 2d 

Pntt., Vet. Res. Corps, Nov. 16, 1863; discli. Aug. 26, 1805. 
Ross, Diiviil, Ferguson ; Aug. 27, 1862, to June 1, 1805. 
I!i»li, Daniel K., Ferguson ; Aug. 27, 1802, to May 3, 1805. 
Koyer, John, Ferguson ; Aug. 27, 1802; died at Wasliiugton, D. C, June 

30, 1S03. 
S« iler, Pmitb, Liberty ; Aug. 27, 1802 ; missing in action at Spottsylvania 

Court-House Miiy 12, 1864. 
Swarty,, Henry, Walker; Aug. 27, 1802; disch. on surg. certif. April 11, 

Smylho, Wni., Marion ; Aug, 27, 1862 ; disch. Dec. Bth, for vonnds received 

at Cbancellorsville May 3, ISK). 
Sowers, Henry, Han is; Ang. 27, 1862: discli. Teh. 24, 1864, for wounds 

received at Cbancellorsville May 3, 1803. 
Slickler, Win., Harris; Aug. 27, 1862; disch. on Surg, certif. July 10, 

Swiler, Cbristiim, Benner; Aug. 27, 1S02; wounded at Chancellorsville 

May 3, 1803; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Sept. 30, 1863. 
Shiiver, Jacob W., Gregg; Aug. 27, 1SG2; wounded at Chancellorsville 

May 3, 1803 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Sept. 12, 1803. 
Sowers, John C, Harris; Ang. 27, 1862; wounded at Cbancellorsville 

MnyS, 1863; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Nov. 13, 1803; disch. Aug. 21, 

Segiior, Simon, Ferguson; Aug. 27, 1862 ; killed at Chancellorsville May 

3, 1863. 
Thomas, John, Ferguson ; Aug. 27,1802; wounded at Chancellorsville 

May 3, 1S03; Irans. to Vet. Res. Corps Nov. 18, 1864 
Tiuikeuiniller,Zac., Walker; Aug. 27, 1862; trans, to Vet. Ees. Corps 

May 3, 1804; disch. July 3, 18C5. 
Vaughn, Christian, Union; Aug. 27, 1802; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps 

Sept. 1, 1863. 
Whilebill, Andrew G., Harris; Aug. 27, 1802 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps; 

disch. June 27, 1805. 
Williams, Thomas, Harris ; Aug. 27, 1862 ; disch. Nov. 23d, from wounds 

received at Chancelloraville May 3, IfiKJ. 
Yetlers, Joseph, Ferguson ; Aug. 27, 1862; wounded at Chancellorsville 

May 3, 1863 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps May 3, 1864. 

Andrew Mnsser, Haines, capt. ; Aug. 30, 1862; died at Potomac Creek, 

Va., May 14, 1863. 
Alfred A. Rinebart, Gregg, capt. ; Ang. 28, 1802; pro. from sergt. to 2d 

lieut. March 1 ; to capt. Aug. 27, 1863; wounded at Po River May 

10, 1864 ; disch. May 15, 1806. 
John E. Thomas, Ferguson, 1st lieut. ; Aug. 30. 1802 ; res. Feb. 7, 1863. 
Israel F. Mnsser, Milllieim, 1st lieut. ; Aug. 28, 1862 ; pro. from Ist sergt. 

March 1, 1803; died at Potomac Creek May 26, 1863. 
John A. Burchfield, Ferguson, 1st lieut.; Aug. 28,1802; pro. from Ist 

sergt. Aug. 27, 1863; must, out Juno 1, 1865. 
Lewis C. Edmonds, Haines, 2d lieut. ; Aug. 28, 1862 ; res. Feb. 7, 1863. 
William Gemmill, Penu, 2d lieiit.; Aug. 28, 1802; pro. from 1st sergt. 

Nov. 16, 1863 ; res. April 1, 1804. 
Luther D. Kuitz, Haines, 2d lieut. ; Aug. 28, 1862 ; pro. from Ist sergt. 

April 22, 1804 ; must, out June 1, 1805. 
J. J. Fleming, WaHier, Ist sergt. ; Aug. 28, 1862; pro. 1st sergt. April 22, 

1864 ; must, out June 1, 1865. 
William D. Ross, Harris, sergt. ; Ang. 28, 1862 ; pro. from Corp. Aug. 30, 

1863 ; mnst. out June 1, 1865. 
S. P. Lansberry, Marion, sergt. ; Ang. 28, 1862 ; pro. from Corp. Jan. 21, 

1865; must, ont June 1,1865. 
Henry C. Campbell, Ferguson, sergt.; Ang. 28, 1802; pro. from corp. 

March 14, 1865 ; must, out June 1, 1805. 
Allen B, Cross, Ferguson, sergt. ; Aug. 28, 1862 ; pro. from corp. Jan. 1, 

1S65; must, out June 1, 1865. 
George M. Boal, Potter, sergt.; Aug. 28, 1862; pro. to q.m. 83d Regt. 

March 25, I860. 

Samuel D, Mnsser, Ferguson, sergt.; Aug. 28, 1gC2; pro. to q.ln..«ergt. 

Sept. 8, 1862. 
John C. Balhgate, Harris, sergt.; Aug. 28, 1862 ; wonnded at Bethesda 

Church, Va., May 30, 1864; trans, to Co. C, 14tli Ilegt. Vet. Bes. 

Corps, March 14, 1806; disch. July 8, 186.5. 
Samuel Harshbargor, Gregg, sergt.; Aug. 48, 1862; killed at Oianccb 

loisvillo May 3, 1863. 
William Hollowa.v, Haines, Corp.; Aug. 28, 18G2; pro. to corp. Jan. 1, 

1865 ; must, out June 1, 1865. 
David L. Kerr, Centre Hall, corp.; Aug. 28, 1862; pro. to corp. Feb. 28, 

1804 ; must, out Juno 1, 1865. 
John H. Odenkirk, Potter, corp. ; Aug. 28, 1862 ; trans, to Signal Cori'S 

April 2, 1804. 
John C. Rote, Haines, Corp. ; Aug. 28, 1802; trans, to Vet. Res. Corjis 

Sept. 1, 1864. 
Simon Vonada, Aaronsburg, Corp.; Aug. 28, 1862; trans, to Vet. Res. 

Corps March 14, 1864. 
Charles F. Speaker, Woodland, Corp. ; Aug. 28, 16C2 ; trans, to Vet. Res. 

Corps March 14, 1804. 
Daniel C. Ilolloway, Haines, corp.; Ang. 28, 1862, trans, to Vet. Res. 

Corps March 14, 1804. 
James Osmau.corp.; Blarcb 22,1863; pro. to corp. March 14, 1805; trans. 

to Co. H, 53d Regt., June 1, 1805. 
William Bilde, Benner, corp.; Aug. 28, 1802; died at Potomac Creek 

May 10. of wounds received at Cbancellorsville May 3, 1863. 
William Weaver, Ferguson, Corp.; Aug. 28, 1802; killed at Chancellors- 
ville May 3, 1803. 
George W. Seal, Potter, corp. ; Ang. 28, 1862; killed at Petersbnrg June 

16, 1863; buried in Poplar Grove National Cemetery, Petersburg, 

div. D, s«c. C, grave 148. 
John B. Holloway, Haines, musician; Aug. 28,1862; disch. June 1,1865. 
Franklin G. Mattern, Half-Moon, musician; Aug. 28, 1802; trans, to 

Vet. Res. Corps Aug. 10, 1863. 


Allen, George W., Ferguson; Aug. 28,1802; disch, April 20, 1865, for 

wounds received at Chancellorsville May 3, 1863. 
Acker, David, Haines; Aug. 28, 1862 ; died at Potomac Creek June 3, 

of wounds received at Chancellorsville May 3, 1863. 
Bullick, Robert G., Fergu on ; Aug. 28, 1802; wounded at Po River May 

9, 1864 ; absent in hosiiital at muster out. 
Bower, Michael, Aaronsburg; Aug. 28, 1862 ; mnst. out June 1, 1865. 
Brown, Nathaniel, Gregg; Aug. 28, 1862; disch. on surg. cerlif. Aug. 11, 

Bloom, Benjamin F., Ferguson ; Ang. 28, 1862; died at Potomac Creek 

June 11th, of wounds received at Chancellorsville May 3. 1863. 
Bell, Archihald M., Haines; Aug. 28, 1803; died at Washiugtoii, D, C, 

Oct, 17, 1863. 
Bohn, George W.,Oct. 12, 1863; substitute; died Jan. 12, 1864. 
Carter, William A., Ferguson ; Ang. 28, 1802; wounded at Spottsylvania 

Court-House May 12, 1804 ; disch. July 28, I8O5! 
Dresher, James J., Potter; Aug. 28, 1862; must, out June 1, 1865. 
Dennis, Samuel B., Ferguson ; Aug. 28, 1862; must, out June 1, 1S65. 
Davidson, Louis H., Gregg; Ang. 28, 1862 ; trans, to 96tb Co., 2d Butt., 

Vet. Res. Corps, April 2, 1804; disch. Ang. 28, 1865. 
Durst, Franklin, Potter; Aug. 28, 1862 ; killed at Cliaucellorsville M.ay 

3, 1863. 
Durst, John, Potter; Aug. 28, 1862; died at Harrisburg, Pa., October 

6th, of wounds received at Gettysburg July 3, 1863. 
Dnukle, Jacob, Haiues; Aug. 28, 1862; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps March 

16, 1864. 
Etters, David, Benner; Aug. 28, 1802; wounded and captured at Spott- 
sylvania Court House Jlay 12, 1864. 
Fisher, Jacob A., Haines ; Aug. 28, 1802 ; must, out June 1, 1805. 
Fortney, John U , Ferguson ; Aug. 28, 1862 ; must, out June 1, 1865, 
Fortney, David F., Ferguson ; Aug. 28, 1802 ; disch. on surg. certif. Feb. 

19, 1863. 
Fo.\, Emanuel D., Haines; Aug. 28, 1S62 ; died at Falmouth, Va, Jan. 

28, 1803. 
Fraser, Alfred W., Haines; Ang. 28, 1862; killed at Chancellorsville 

Mays, 1863. 
Glim, Henry, Potter; Aug. 28, 1862; disch. on surg. certif. Jan. 10, 

Gable, William, Haines; Aug. 28, 1862; died at Cockeysville, Md., Xov. 

14, 1803. 
Hursbarg, David, Gregg: Ang. 28, 1862; wounded at Chancellersville 

May 3, 1863 ; disch. Jnnclo, 1806. 



Heberling, Williani F., Terguson ; Aug. 28, 1862, to July 3, 18G5. 
Harner, Jacob, Haines; Aug. 2S, lS(i2 ; captured at Spottfeylvania Court- 

HoHse May 12, 1864; discli. June 1, 1865. 
Hart, Cliaiics, Harris-; Aug. 23, 1862; discb. Sept. 14th for wounds re- 
ceived at Ch.incpllorsville May 3, 1863. 
Harter, Daniel U., Haines; Aug. 28, 1862; trans, to Vet. Kes. Corps 

Nov. 19, 1864. 
Ilolloway, S. H., Haines ; Aug. 28, 1862 ; killed at Chancellorsville, Va., 

May 3,1863. 
Hnll, Abraham, Haines; Aug. 28, 1862; killed at Beams' Station, Va., 

Aug. 25, 1865. 
Heim, William, Miles; Aug. 28, 1862. 
Iniboden, P. S., Ferguson; Aug. 28, 1862; killed at ChancellorBville 

May 3, 1863. 
Koch, Jacob, Potter; Aug. 28, 1862, to June 1, 1865. 
Kreanier, Joliu L., Haines ; Aug. 28, 1862, to June 8, 1865. 
Kepler, John M., Ferguson ; Aug. 28, 1862 ; wounded at Five Forks, Va., 

March 31, 1865; discb. June 12, 1865. 
Krape, William B., Gregg; Aug. 28, 1862; discb. March 3, 1863, for 

wounds received in action. 
Keys, David S., Milesburg; Aug. 28, 1862; discb. on surg. certif. Aug. 

14, lS6:i. 
Koch, Tasker K., Potter; Aug. 28, 1862; died at York, Pa., Jan. 1,1863. 
Kain, Jacob G., Gregg; Aug. 28, 1862 ; killed at Chancellorsville May 3, 

Knarr, William, Gregg; Aug. 28, 1802; killed at Chancellorsvillo May 

Koch, Franklin B., Potter; Aug. 28, 1862; killed at Chancellorsville 

May 3, 1863. 
Long, William, Potter; Aug. 28, 1802; must, out June 1,-1865. 
Lytzel, Emanuel M., Haiues; Aug. 28, 1862: died at Cockeysville, Md , 

Dec. 12, 1862. 
Ljizel, Samuel, Haines; Aug. 28, 1862; killed at Chancellorsville May 

Long, Henry, Potter; Aug. 28, 1862; killed at Chaucellorsville May 3, 

Lj'tzel, Jacob, Gregg ; Aug. 28, 1802. 

Lytzel, George, Haiues, Aug. 28, 1862; disch. March 28, 1803. 
Miller, David, Potter; Aug. 28, 1862; must, out Jnne 1, 1865. 
Miller, Daniel, Haines; Aug. 28, 1802; disch. on surg. certif. March 3, 

Murphy, John A., Ferguson ; Aug. 28, 1862; killed at Uhancelloravillo 

May 3, 1863. 
Osman, Daniel, Potter; Aug. 28, 1S02 ; killed at Cboncellorsville May 3, 

Pugh, John, Feiguson ; Aug. 28, 1802, to June 1, 1865. 
Kankin, Alfred A., Putter; Aug. 28, 1862; absent, sick, at must. out. 
Beeser, George M., Benner; Aug. 28, 1862; discb. on surg. certif. March 

3, 1863. 
Kunklo, Charles D., Potter ; Aug. 28, 1862 ; trans, to Vet. Ees. Corps Dec. 

18, 1863. 
Heed, William A., Potter; Aug. 28, 1862; trans, to Co. U,53d Eegt., June 

1, 1866; discb. July 14, 1865. 

Earasey, diaries A., Ferguson ; Aug. 28, 1862 ; pro. to sergt.-maj. Aug. 

2, 1864. 

Eeeser, Jacob, Benner ; Aug. 28, 1802 ; wounded and captured at Spott- 

sylvauia Oourt-House May 12, 1804 ; died at Eichmond, Va., July 14, 

Eeeser, •George H., Fillmore. 
Keed, John, Pine Grove. 

Stover, John Y., Haiues; Aug. 28, 1802 ; disch. June 27, 1805. 
Stair, Jacob, Ferguson; Aug. 23, 1802; disch. on surg. certif. Jan. 10, 

Stover, TliaddcusD., Haines; Aug. 28,1862; discb. Sept. 20th, for wounds 

received at Chancellorsville May 3, 1803. - 
Stover, Cornelius, Haines; Aug. 28, 1362; died at Potomac Creek May 

19) of wounds received at Chancellorsville May 3, 1863. 
Stover, John J., Haines; Aug. 28, 1862; killed at Spottsylvania Court- 

House May 12, 1364. 
Shannon, Samuel, Potter; Aug. 28, 1802; accidentally killed at Carlisle, 

Pa., Jan. 5, 1865. 
Shepherd, George, Potter; Aug. 28, 1862. 

Weaver, David 11., Ferguson; Aug. 28, 1862; disch. June 7, 1866. 
Weaver, Henry U., Haines; Aug. 28, 1862 ; discb. June 3, 1865. 
Wance, David H.. Harris; Aug. 28, 1S62; discb. Juno 2, 1866, for wounds 

received in action. 
Winklebleck, S. P., Haines; Aug. 28, 1862. 

Wolf, David N., Gregg ; Aug. 28, 1862 ; disch. May 10, 1865, for wounds 

received at Chancellorsville May 3, 1803. 
Wolf, Jonathan E., Haiues; Aug. 28, 1802; died at Falmouth, Va., May 

12, 1863. 
Young, David H., Ferguson ; Aug. 28, 1862 ; disch. March 28, 1864, for 

wounds received at Chancellorsville May 3, 1803. 


XY F. 

Martin Dnlan, Boggs, capt.; Sept. 8, 1862; disch. Sept. 8, 1863. 

Wni. P. Wilson, Potter, capt.; Sept. 1, 1862; pro. from 1st lieut. to capt. 

Nov. 15, 1863 ; to brev. maj. Dec. 2, 1864, to biev. lieut.-col. March 

13, 1865 ; to capt. and aidede-cunip May 14, 1805. 
Jacob Breon, Potter, capt.; Sept. 1, 1802 ; pro. Iioni sergt. to 1st sergt. 

March 8,1863; to 2d lieut. Nov. 16, 1863; to capt. May 15,1865; must. 

oiit June 1,1805 
George T. Curvan, Half-Moon, 1st lieut.; Sept. 9, 1862; pro. from 1st 

sergt. to 2d lieut. March 2, 1863; to 1st lieut. Nov. 15, 1803; discb. 

Nov. 21, 1804. 
Wm. Lucas, Suow Shoe, 1st lieut; Sept. 1,1802; pro. from corp. to lat 

sergt. March 28, 1865; to 1st lieut. May 15, 1865; must, out Juno I, 

Wm. J. Mackey, Bogg«, 1st sergt.; Sept. 1, 1802; pro. from sergt. May 

15,1865; com. 2d lieut. May 18, 1805; must, out June 1, 1S65. 
Jeremiah Sankey, Pottej-, 1st sergt.; Sept. 1, 1802; com. 1st lieut. Feb. 1 

1865; died at City Point, Va., March 29, of wounds received at 

Petersburg March 25, 1865. 
Robert A. Henry, Potter, 1st sergt.; Sept. 1,1802; killed at Po Kiver, 

Va., May 10, 1864. 
Simeon Bathurst, Boggs, sergt.; Sept. 1, 1862; pro. to corp. April 17, 

1863 ; to sergt. Feb. 26, 1865 ; must, out June 1805. 
Samuel Staig, Burnside, sergt. ; Sept. 1, 1S02 ; pro. to corp. Sept. 11, 1801; 

to sergt. May 10, 1S06; must, out June 1, 1865. 
David Burrell, Gregg, sergt.; Sept. 1, 1862; discb. Feb. 20, 1865, for 

wounds received at Deep Buttuni,Va., Avg. 14, 1804. 
Henry Heaton, Boggs, Corp.; Sept. 1, 1302; pro. to Corp. Sept. 11, 1804; 

absent, sick, .it musler out. 
Asa P. Lcigbtly, Boggs, Corp. ; Sept. 1 , 1802 ; pro. to corp. Feb. 26, 1864 ; 

must, out June 1, 1865. 
Wm. Baiuey, Boggs, Corp. ; Sept. 1, 1862; pro. to corp. Feb. 20, 1804; 

must, out June 1, 1865. 
David Irviu, Unionville, Corp.; Sept. 1, 1862; wounded at Po Eiver, 

Va., May 10, 1864; pro. to Corp. JIurch 25, 1805; must, out Juuo 1, 

Wm. A. Jacobs, Half-Moon, corp. ; Sept. 1, 1302 ; pro. to corp. March 26, 

1865; must, out June 1, 1865, 
George W. Steffey, Half Moon, corp. ; Sept. 1, 1802; pro. to Corp. May 10, 

1865; must, out June 1, 1865. 
James Potter, Potter, corp. ; Sept. 1, 1302 ; trans, to Vet. Kes. Corps Sept. 

12, 1803. 
Eeuben W. Shirk, Potter, corp. ; Sept. 1, 1802 ; trans, to Vet. Ees. Corps 

April 18, 1804. 
Constance Ilinton, Snow Shoe, Corp.; Sept. 1, 1802; trans, to Vet. Re.s. 

Corps Jan. 30, 1805. 
Williani H. Burrell, Gregg, Corp. ; Sept. 1, 1802; pro. to Corp. Jan. 12, 

1863; killed-at Gettysburg July 2, 1803; buried in National Ceme- 
tery, section E, grave 7. 
Stephen Kennelly, Gregg, corp.; Sept. 1, 1802; pro. to corp. Sept. 28, 

1863 ; killed at Po Eiver May 10, 1804. 
Martin T. Irvin, Unionville, Corp. ; Sept. 1, 1802 ; pro. to Corp. April 26, 

1864; killed at Po Kiver May 10, 1864. 
Daniel Shaffer, Potter, Corp.; Sept. 1, 1862 ; died at Potter's Mill, Centre 

Co., Pa., April 9, 1863. 
Thomas J. Minich, Potter, musician ; Sept. 1, 1802, to June 1, 1805. 

Armstrong, George, Bellefonte ; Sept. 1, 1802; discb. Aug. 10, 1805. 
Bebers, David, Patton ; Sept. 1, 1862; must, out June 1, 1865. 
Bermoy, John, Burnside; Sept. 1, 1802; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Dec. 

15, 1863. 
Boyer, Elias, Boggs ; Sept. 1, 1802 ; trans, to Vet. Ees. Corps Jan. 2, 1805. 
Cooliey, John, Potter; Sept. I, 1862; wounded and captured at Po liiver, 

Va., May 10, 1364 ; died at Eichmond June 19, 1804. 
Cares, William, Potter; Sept. 1, 1862, to June 1, 136.5. 
Crawford, Heniy, Gregg; Sept. 1, 1802, to June I, 1805. 
Cryder, Asher, Spring; Sept. 1, 1862, to June 1, 1865. 
Confare, John, Potter; Sept. 1, 1862; disch. on surg. certif. March 20, 




Culver, Lr>\vi8 W,, Snow Shoe; Si-pt. 1, 1802 ; tiuns. to Vet. lies. Corps 

Sept. 12, 1803; iliscli. July 1, 1805. 
Crjdcr, Solomon, Spring; Sept. 1, 1802; died iit Cockejsvillo, Md., Oct. 

(i, 1802. 
Dunkle, George W., Gregg; Sept. 1,1802; discli. on Burg.certif. March 5, 

Fleming, James E., Walker; Sept. 1, 1802; captured ; died at Saliahury, 

N. C, Dec. 27, 1804. 
Graham, II. H., Snow Shoe; Sept. 1, 1802; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Feb. 

15, 1804. 
ilaruier, George W., Howard ; Sept. 1, 1802 ; disch. Dec. 29, 1863, surg. 

Howard, John W., Snow Shoe ; Sept. 1, 1802 ; trans, to Vet. Ites. Corps 

April 15, 1804; discli. July 3, 1805. 
Henry, James, Potter; Sept. 1, 1802; disch. June 1, 1865. 
Jacobs, John H., Hall-Moon; Sept. 1, 1802; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps 

Sept. 12, 1S03. 
Ketner, Miles T., Potter; Sept. 1, 1802; disch. on surg, certif. Jan. 10, 

Little, David J., Snow Shoe; Sept. 1, 1802; absent, sick, at muster out. 
Lucas, John D,, Snow Shoo ; Sept. 1, 1802 ; wounded at Gettysburg July 

2, 1803. 
Li ogle, John, Potter; Sept. 1,1802; disch. on surg. certif. March 5, 1803. 
Leightner, William U., Ferguson ; Sept. 1, 1802 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps 

Sept. 12, 1803. 
Little, Benjamin, Potter, Sept. 1, 1802; killed at Spottsylvania Court- 

Uuuso May 12, 1804. 
Maekey, Martin 11., Uoggs; Sept. 1, 1802, to May 23, 1805. 
Mills, John, Biiggs ; Sept. 1, 1802 ; wounded at Roams' Station, Va., Aug. 

25, 1S04; must, out June I, 1805. 
Miller, William, Gregg; Sept. 1, 1802; prisoner from Aug. 23, to Nov. 30, 

1804; must, out June 1, 1865. 
JIcEntyre, Patrick, Boggs; Sept. 1, 1802; must, out June 1, 1805. 
Mc.Xbee, Luke, Milesburg; Sept. 1, 1802; missing in action at Spottsyl- 
vania fourt-IIouse May 12, 1804. 
Olrewalee, David, Snow Shoe; Sept. 1, 1802; died at Falmouth, Va., April 

3, 1803. 
Parker, William A., Boggs; Sept. 1,1802; wounded at Reams' Station 

Aug. 25, 1804 ; must, out June 1, 1805. 
Peny, William, Sept. 1, 1602; disch. Dec. 19, 1864, for wounds received 

at Gettysbui g July 2, 1803. 
Pi nnington, John, Potter; Sept. 1, 1802; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Feb. 

15, 1804. 
Prouilfuot, James B., Milesburg; Sept. 1, 18G2, to June 20, 1805. 
Sentnian, Joseph, Half-Moon ; Sept. 1, 1802 ; wounded at Five Forks, Va., 

March 31, 1S05; disch. June 2, 1805. 
Sniiih, Philip T. B., Benner; Sept. 1, 1802; wounded at Petersburg, Va., 

June 18, 1804; must, out Juno 1, 1805. 
Swab, lid«ard, Haines; Sept. 1, 1802, to June 1, 1805. 
S« ab, John, Boggs ; Sept. 1, 1802, to July 12, 1805. 
bteflTy, William 0., Ferguson : Sept. 1, 1802; captured at Gettysburg July 

2, 1803 ; died at Kiehmoud Jan. 17, 1804. 

Steffey, George W., Half-Moon ; Sept. 1, 1862; killed at Gettysburg July 

3, 1803. 

Watson, Washington ; Sejif. 1, 1802; absent, sick, at muster out. 
White, David, Milesburg; Sep . 1, 1S02; must, out June 1, 1863. 
^^■atkins, William, Howard ; Sept. 1, 1802 ; died June lUlli, of wounds re- 
ceived at Chancellorsville May 3, 1803. 


Robert McFarlane, Harris, capt.; Aug. 27,1802; pro. to lient.-col. Sept. 8, 

James J. Patterson, Harris; capt., Aug. 27, 1802; pro. from 1st lieut.Sept. 

8, 1S02 ; disch. on surg. certif. Dec. 3,.1804. 
Isaac Lytic, Harris, caiit.; Aug. 18, 1802; pro. from 1st sergt. to2J lieut. 

Sept. 9, 1802; to Ist lieut. Nov. 16, 1803; to capt. Dec. 22, 1864; 

wounded at Spottsylvania Court-IIouse May 12, 1804 ; disch. on surg. 

cerlif. Jan. 25, 1805. 
Juhu II. Harpsler, Poller, capt. ; Aug. IS, 1802 ; wounded at Gettysbnrg 

.Inly 3, 1803; pro. from Ist sergt. to 2d lieut. Nov. 15, 1803; to Ist 

lieut. Dec. 22, 1864 ; to ca'yt. Feb. 9, 1805 ; must, out June 1, 1866. 
Jacob B. Edmonds, Harris, 1st lieut. ; Aug. 27, 1802 ; pro. from 2d lieut. 

Sept. 8, 1862 ; to capt. Co. C Nov. 15, 1803. 
Joseph Fox, Half-Moon, 1st lieut.; Aug. IS, 1802; wounded at Reams' 

Station Aug. 20, 1804 ; pro. from sergt. to 2d lieut. Dec. 22, 1804 ; to 

Ist lieut. Feb. 9, 1805 ; must, cut June 1, 1805. 

John W. Stuart, Harris, 2d lieut. ; AuR. 18, 1802 ; pro. from iwrgt. Feb. 

9,1806; wounded at Po River May 1(1, 1864; must.out June 1,180.'.. 
William L. Tayb.r, Huston, let sergt. ; Aug. 18,1802; pro. to«eigt. July 

1, 1864 ; to 1st sergt. Feb. 6, 1865 ; must, out June 1, 1805. 
Robert H. Patterson, Harris, Ist sergt.; Aug. 18, 1802; pro. sergt. Jan. 

5,1803; to Ist soigt. Kov. 15, 1803; disch. on surg. certif. Feb. .5, 

James P. Slioop, Potter, sergt.; Aug. 18, 1802; pro. from Corp. Oct. 3, 

1804; must, out Juno 1,1805. 
John Marlz, Harris, sergt.; Ang.-18, 1S02 ; pro. from corp. Jan. 1,1803; 

must, out June 1,1805. 
Illiiel B. Snyder, Half-Moon, sergt. ; Aug. 18, 1802 ; pro. from Corp. Feb. 

9, 1SG5 ; must, out Juno 1, 1805. 
David II. Hoany, Poller, sergt. ; Aug. 18, 1802 ; pro. from Corp. Feb. 0, 

1865; must, out June 1, 1805. 
Samuel Everhnrt, llariis, sergt. ; Aug. 18, 1862 ; pro. to sergt. Nov. 15, 

1803 ; to 1st lieut. Co. C Oct. 3, 1864. 
James P. Odenkirk, Potter, sergt.; Aug. 18, 1802; pro. to com. sergt. 

July 1, 1804. 
James M. Royer, Penn, sergt. ; Aug. 18, 1802; disch. June 4, 1865. 
Lot E. Ketner, Potter, corp. ; Aug. 18, 1862 ; pro. corp. April 27, 1864 ; 

must, out June 1, 1865. 
Daniel Royer, Miles, Corp.; Aug. 18, 1802; pro. corp. May 12, 1804; 

prisoner from Aug. 25, 1864, to Feb. 28, 1865 ; disch. June 0, ISa'i. 
William A. Jacobs, Harris, Corp.; Aug. 18, 1862; pro. corp. Oct. 3, 1604; 

must, out June 1, 1866. 
Joseph S. Harpster, Half-Moon, corp. ; Aug. 18, 1862 ; wounded and ral>- 

tured at Spottsylvania Cnit-IIonse May 12, 1804 ; pro. to Corp. Feb. 

9, 1806 ; must, out June 1, If 05. 
James B. Irviii, Bellefoiite, Corp.; Aug. 18,1802; wounded at Peters- 
burg Oct. 26, 1S64; pro. to corp. Feb. 9, 1805; must, out Juue 1, 

William L. Bottnrff, Harris, corp. ; Aug. 18, 1862 ; pro. corp. Feb. 9, 1SC5 ; 

must, out June 1, 1865. 
Anthony Knopf, Harris, Corp.; Aug. 18, 1802; pro. Corp. Feb. 0, 1803 ; 

wounded at Po River Jlay 10, 1804, and at Five Folks SIai\h 31, 

1805; disch. May 31, 1805. 
William Berry, Harris, corp. ; Aug. 18, 1S02 ; pro. to corp. Jan. 5, 1803 ; 

pro. to hospital steward U. S. A. July 28, 1804. 
George Glenn, Harris, rorp.; Aug. 18, 1802; pro. to corp. Aug. 27, 1803; 

disch. on surg. certif. Jan. 0, 1865. 
Daniels. Keller, Harris, Corp.; Aug. 18, 1862; wounded at Cliaucelloi-s- 

ville, May 3, 1803 ; trans, to 112th Co., 2d Bait., Vet. Res. Corps, Feb. 

15,1804; disch. Aug. 19, 1865. 
George W. Ward, Ferguson, Corp. ; Aug. 18, 1862 ; killed at Chauccllors- 

ville May 3, 1863. 
George J. Dnffey, Harris, Corp.; Aug. 18, 1802; killed at Spotlsylvania 

Court-IIouse May 12, 1804; buried in Wilderness burial-ground. 
William S. Van Dyke, Harris, corp.; Aug. 18, 1802; killed at Spottsyl- 
vania Court-Houso May 12, 1864. 
Daniel SclireitlBi , Haines, mnsiciaii ; Aug. 18, 1862, to June 1, 1865. 
Matthias Rider, Fergusou, luusieian ; Aug. 18, 1802, to June 0, 1805. 

Allen, Henry C, Ferguson ; Aug. 18,1802, to June 1, 1865. 
Allen, John H., Ferguson; Aug. 18, 1862, to Juue 1, 180.5. 
An.lrews, Jacob B., Harris; Aug. 18, 1862, to June 1, ISOo. 
U.iil. y, William, Half-Moon ; Aug. IS, 1862, to July 12, 1803. 
Haker, George K., Harris ; Aug. 18, 1862, to June 1, 1805. 
Beans, Nathan E., Half- Moon ; Aug. 18, 1802, to 1865. 
Bowers, John, Penn; Aug. 18, 1862; captured at Reams' Station, Va., 

Aug. 23, 1864. 
Brisbin, Brice D., Potter; Aug. 18, 1802, to May 30, 1803. 
Bcnskotre, V. W., Potter; Aug. 18, 1802; disch. on surg. certif. Jan. 0, 

Beans, Benjamin F.. Half-Moon ; Aug. IS, 1S62; killed at Reams' Station, 

Va., Aug. 26, 1864. 
Condo, Daniel, Gregg; Aug. 18, 1862, to ,Tune 1, 1865. 
Condo, Jared, Gregg; Aug. 18, 1802, to June'l, 1805. 
Condo, Charles M., Harris; Aug. 18, 1802 ; drowned in Gunpowder Creek, 

Md., Sept. 21,1802. 
Condo, Benjamin D., Haines; Aug. IS, 1802; died June ITlli, of wounds 

received at Cold Harbor June 3, 1804 ; buried iu National Cemetery, 

ArltDgton, Va. 
Davison, John, Harris; Aug. 18, 1862, to June 1, 1803. 
Dunkle, Benjamin F, Gregg; Aug. 18, 1802; wouuded; disch. on surg. 

certif Jan. 13, 1865. 



Devore, William, IIiilr-Moon ; Aug. 18, 1802; killed at Deep Bottom, Ya., 

Aug. 15, 1804. 
Eckinroth, Henry, Harris; Aug. 18, 1802; wounded at Chancellorsville, 

Vh., with loss of arm. May 3, 1803; disch. on surg. certif. Nov. 21, 

Flisclier, Hinry, Potter ; Aug. 18, 1862 ; disch. on surg. certif. Jan. 16, 

Gilbert, John, Ferguson; Aug. 18, 1802; disch. on surg. certif. July 21, 

Gilbert, George W., Harris; Aug. 18, 1862;' killed at Spottsylvania 

Court-House May 12, 1804. 
Hartley, Jackson, Harris; Aug. 18, 1862, to June 1, 1865. 
HcSB, Friincis M., Potter; Aug. IS, 1862, to June 22, 1865. 
Hoffner, Jonathan, Taylor; Aug. 18, 1802 ; absent, wounded, at muster 

Holahan, William C, Harris; Aug. 18, 1802; pro. to 2J lieut. 28th Eegt. 

U. S. C. T. Nov. 28, 1864; must, out Nov. 8, 1806. 
Isliler, William A., Bonner; Aug. 18, 1802 ; disch. on surg. certif. Oct. 9, 

Ishler, George W., Benner ; Aug. IS, 1802 ; died May 6th, of wounds re- 
ceived at Chancellorsvilie May 3, 1803. 
Johnstonbaugh, Tliomas, Harris; Aug. 18, 1862, to June 1, 1865. 
Kellcy, Samuel, Potter ; Aug. IS, 1802, to Juno 1, 1805. 
Kohn, George, Harris ; Aug. 18, 1862; absent, wounded, at muster out. 
Koonsiunn, William, Potter ; Aug. 18, 1802 ; disch. on surg. certif. March 

6, 1S63. 
Koonfair, David, Potter ; Aug. IS, 1862 ; killed at Cold Harbor, Va., June 

2, 1804; buried in National Cemetery, sec. B. 
Lee, Thomas J., Harris ; Aug. 18, 1802, to June 1, 1805. 
Lylle, Samuel T., Harris ; Aug. IS, 1802 ; trans, to Vet. Ees. Corps Feb. 

15, 1S64; disch. June 30, 1SC5. 
Martin,Jamesr., Harris; Aug. 18,1802; trans, to Co. F, 10th negt.Vet. 

Ees. Corps; disch. June 20, 1805. 
Miller, David W., Harris; Aug. 18, 1802, to June 1, 1S05. 
Mitchell, Wm., Ferguson ; Aug. 18, 1802, to Juno 1,1865. 
Myers, John, Harris; Aug. 18, 1802, to June 1, 1805. 
Moyer, John H., Harris; Aug. 18, 1802, to June 1, 1805. 
Murphy, Adam T., Ferguson ; Aug. IS, 1802, to June 1, 1805. 
Marks, Isaiah W., Pottci ; Aug. IS, 180i; wounded; disch. May 10, 

Musser, Daniel G., Ferguson ; Aug. 18, 1802; died Jan. 11, 1863. 
Myers, Amos, Harris ; Aug. 18, 1802; killed at Geltysbnrg, Pa., July 3, 

McCool, David, Harris ; Aug. 18, 1802; wounded at Cold Harbor June 3, 

McUhattan, D. D., Harris; Aug. IS, 1802, to June 1, 1805, 
McGuire, Wi:iiam W., Bellefunte; Aug. IS, 1802; died M.ay 9lh, of 

wounds received at Chancellorsville May 3, 1863 ; buried in Militaiy 

Asylum Cemetery, D. C. 
Mcllhattan, George U., Harris; Aug.lS,lS02; died June oth, of wounds 

received at Spottsylvania Court-House May 2, 1804; buried in 

Nalioual Cemetery, Arlington, Va. 
I'iige, Reuben Harris; Aug. 18, 1802, to June 1, 1S05. 
Euyer, Abraham M., Warren ; Aug. IS, 1SC2 ; died of wounds received at 

Tolopotoniy, Va., May 31, 1805. 
P.ced, Reuben, Ferguson ; Aug. 18, 1862 ; wounded at Spottsylvania 

Couit-IIouso May 12, 1864; must, out June I,1S0.J. 
Reel, Samuel T., Harris; Aug. 18, 1862; Wounded at Reims' Station 

An-. 25, 1804; must, out June 1, 1805, 
Riley, John, Harris ; Aug. 18, 1S02, to June 1,1865. 
Ross, Alexander B , Gregg ; Aug. 18, 1802 ; wounded at Chancellorsville 

May 3, 1803; trans, to Vet. Ees. Corps; disch. June 27, 1805. 
Rnmbarger, John H,, Ferguson : Aug, 18, 1S62, to June 7, 1805, 
Shaffer, George, Spring ; Aug. IS, 1S02; tians. to Vet. Res. Corps M.arch 

20. 1804 ; disch. June 22, 1S05. 
Singleton, Thomas, Harris; Aug. 18, 1802 ; wounded at Po River May 

10, 1804 ; must, out June 1, 1805. 
Stover, D.iviil, Ferguson ; Aug. 18, 1802, to June 1, 1S65. 
Sweetwoud, Hiram, Ferguson ; Aug. IS, lf.02, to June 1, 1805. 
Shives, David W,, Potter; Aug. IS, 1S02; died at York, Pa,, Dec, 14, 1802, 

of wounds received in action. 
Swiuehart, William II,, Harris; Aug, 18, 1802; killed at Po River, Ya,, 

May 10, 1804, 
Snyder, Samuel H,, Harris; Aug, 18, 1802; died Aug, 25, 1864; buried 

in National Coujetery, Arlington, Va, 
Thompson, James A,, Harris: Ang, 10, 186-', to June 1,1805. 
Thompson, A., Potior; Aug. 18, 1802; killed at Cold Harbor 

Juno 1, 1804 ; buried in National Cemetery, Richmond, sec. C, div. 

4, grave 07. 
Went, George W., Potter; Aug. 18, 1862 ; wounded at Deep Bottom, Va., 

Aug. 16, 1804. 
Wingard, William, Potter; Aug. 18, 1802; absent at must. out. 
Williams, James A., Ferguson; Aug. 18, 1S62; killed at Gettysburg July 

2, 1803. 
Williams, William, Harris; Aug. 18, 1862; died at Philadelphia Nov. 11, 

Webb, Samuel W., Ferguson ; Aug. 18, 1802; killed ot Chauccllorsville, 

Tarnall, H. H., Harris ; Feb. 2-5, 1864 ; trans, to Co. B, 63d Kcgt., June 

1, 1805; disch. June 30, 1865. 
Young, John T. ; Feb. 25, 1804 ; trans, to Co. B, 53d Kegt., June 1, 1865 ; 

disch. June 30, 1865. 
Yarlett, George W., Ferguson ; Aug. 18, 1862; captured at Reams' Sta- 
tion, Va., Aug. 25, 1864 ; died at Salisbury, N. C, Jan. 7, 1805. 
Yontz, John E , Potter ; Aug. 18, 1802 ; trans to Vet. Ees. Corps Feb. 15, 



George A. Fairland, Bellefonte, capt. ; Aug. 22, 1862 ; pro. to maj. Sept. 

7, 1802. 

George A. B.ayawl, Bellefonte, capt.; Aug. 22, 1802; pro. from let lieut. 

Sept. 7, 1802; captured at Strawberry Plains, Va., Juuo 22,1804; 

pro. to maj. Blay 17, 1S05. 
H. H. Montgomery, Bellefoute, capt.; Aug. 11, 1862; pro. from sergt. to 

2d lieut. Oct. 30, 1803; to 1st lieut. July 31, 1804; to capt. May 0, 

1805; must, out Juno 1, 1805. 
John L. Johnston, Bellefoute, 1st lieut.; Aug. 16, 1862 ; pro. from Ist 

sergt. Nov. 1, 1862; to capt. Co. A Nov. 15, 1802. 
James B. Cook, Bellefonte, 1st lieut.; Aug. 17, 1872; pro. to Ist sergt. 

Sept. 7, 1802 ; to 1st lieut. Nov. 15, 1803 ; died June 1st of wouuds 

received at Po River May 10, 1804. 
Alexander Gibb, Bellefoute, 1st lieut. ; Ang. 10, 1802 ; pro. from Corp. 

to sergt. Sept. 7, 1862; to 1st sergt. Nov. 16, 1863; to 2d lieut. Sept. 

8, 1864 ; to 1st lienl. May 6, 1806; must, out June 1, 1865. 
William H. Slephens, Worth, 2d lieut.; Aug. 22, 1862; pro. to chaplain 

Sept. 7, 1862. 
John A. Biiyard, Bellefonte, 2d liout. ; Aug. 16, 1802; pro. from sergt. 

Nov. 1, 1802; died August 1st, of wounds received at Gettysburg 

July 3, 1803. 
John A. J. Fugate, Woith, Ist sergt. ; Aug. 10, 1802 ; pro. corp. Nov. 17, 

1802; to sergt. Jan. 1, 1863; to 1st sergt. Sept. 8, 1804; commissioned 

2d lieut, June 1, 1805; must, out June 1, 1805. 
Darius L. Sanders, Howanl, sergt ; Aug. 10, IsOi; pro. corp. Jan 5, 

1S63; sergt. Nov. 15, 1S03; wounded at I'o River May 10, 1804; 

disrh. May 22, 1865. 
D. II. Baumgardner, Huston, sergt.; Aug. 16, 1802; pro. corp. Si'pt. 1, 

1863; sergt. Dec. 1, 1804; must, out June I, IS05. 
Samuel B. Wyland, lioggs, sergt. ; Aug. 16, 1802; pro. Corp. Dec. 1, 1804; 

sergt. Jan. 1, 1805 ; must, out June 1, ISOo. 
John I'reeze, Snow Shoe, sergt.; Aug. 10, 1862; pro. corp Nov. 1, 1804 ; 

sergt. Jan. 1, ISCJ; wounded at Petersburg April 2, 1S05; disch. 

July 27, 1805. 
Samuel McKinley, Boggs, sergt. ; Ang. 10, 1SC2; pro. sergt. Sept. S, 1802; 

killed at Gettysburg July 2, 1803. 
William Ward, Boggi, sergt.; Aug. 10, 1802; pro. sergt. Sept. 1, 1S0:1 ; 

captured at Petersburg Juno 18,1804; died at Andorsouvillu Dec. 1, 

Hiram K, Miller, Spring, sergt, ; Aug, 10, 1802; pro, corp. Jan. 1, 1863; 

sergt, Nov, 15, 1803; prisoner from June 17, 1804, to Apr,l 28, 1805; 

(liseh, July 11, 1S05, 
Thouuis Joiloii, Spring, sergt. ; Oct. 10, 1802; pro. corp. March 5, 186:!; 

sergt. Dec. 1, 1S04; captured at Petersburg June 17, 1804; died at 

Andersonvillo Oct, 24, ISOi, grave 11,430, 
Ephraim Kliuger, Bellefunte, corp,; Ang, 10,1802; pro. Corp. Sept. 1, 

1863; captured at Po River May 10, 1804. 
James Ludwig, Worth, corp.; Aug. 10, 1802; pro. Corp. Nov. IS, 1S63 ; 

missing in action at Boydton Plank-Roid, Va., Oct. 27, 1S64. 
George W. Farnsler, Woilli, Corp.; Aug. 10,1802; pro. to corp. Jan. 1, 

1865; must, out June 1, 1S6J. 
Ilardnian, Richard, Rush, corp.; Ang. 16, 1^02; pro. tocorp. Jan. 1, 1865; 

must, out June 1,1865. 
Robert Blackburne, Bellefonte, corp. ; Aug. 10, 1802; pro. to Corp. May 

20, 1805; must, out Jnue 1, 1865. 
Wash. G. Broady, Bjllefonte, corp. ; Aug. 16, 1502 ; pro. to Corp. M; y 20, 

1SC3; must, out June I, 1863, 



Juhn D. Wagner, Huston, Corp. ; Aug. 16, 18G2; pro. to corp. Nov. 18, 
1803; disch. May 15, ISGo, for wounds received nt Po Kivcr May 10, 

W. W. Montgomery, Liberty, Corp.; Aug. 16, 1862; discli. Fell. 28, 1863. 

Riclmrd Miles, Snow Slioe, Corp. ; Aug. 16, 1802 ; discli. July 13, 1863, for 
wounds received at Cliancellorsville Mny 3, 1803. 

George H. Neimnn, Bellefonte, Corp. ; Aug. IC, 1862; pro. to corp. Jan . 
1, 1863; wounded at Cliancellorsville May 3, 1803; trans, to Vet. 
Res. Corps .Tan. 15, 1864 ; discli. July 5, 1865. 

Peter Krantz, Worth, corp.; Aug. 10,1862; pro. to Corp. Sept. 9, 1803 ; 
died at Pliiladelpliia Sept. 3, 1864. 

William McDonald, llnstoii, corp. ; Aug. 16, 1802 ; pro. to corp. Nov. 15, 
1863 ; died at Wasliingtm June 20tb, of wounds received at Po River 
May 10, 1864. 

Sylvester W. Sanders, Howard, corp. ; Aug. 10, 1862 ; pro. to corp. Sept. 
1, 1803; captured June 22, 186*, at Strawberry Plains, Va.; died at 
Camp Parole, Annapoli.-^, Dec. 26, 1804. 

Sylvester Dill, Boggs, Corp.; Aug. 16, 1862; pro. to corp. Oct. 1, 1864; 
captured at Petersburg Oct. 27, 1864; died Jan. 17, 1865, at Salis- 
bury, N. C. 

Matthew B. Lucas, Snow Shoe, corp. ; Aug. 10, 1802 ; pro. to corp. Jan. 
1, 1803 ; killed at Chancellorsville May 3, 1803. 

William Yenger, Bellefonte, musician; Aug. 16, 1862; trans, to Co. E, 
14th Kegt. Vet. Kes. Corps; disch. July 28, 1865. 

Robert A. Cassady, Bellefonte, musician; Aug. 10, 1862; pro. to prin- 
cipal musician, Sept. 8, 1862. 


Butler, Samuel, Spring ; Aug. 16, 1862 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps April 

15, 1864. 
Beals, James E., Rush; Aug. 10,1862; died Aug. 8th, of wounds received 

at Gettysburg July 2, 1863; buried in National Cemetery, sec. C, 

grave 85. 
Cass.idy, Robert, Taylor; Aug. 16. 1862 ; wounded at Spottsylvania Court- 

House Mny 12, 1864 ; must, out June 1, 18(.5. 
Carlton, John W., Bellefonte; Aug. 10, 1862; killed at Spottsylvania 

Court-House May 12, 1804. 
Ciissman, John A-, Snow Shoe; Aug. 16, 1862; discb. on surg. certif. 

April 15, 1803. 
Clapp, Hiram H., Spring; Aug. 10, 1802; killed at Cold Harbor Jan. 3, 

Oipenliaver, W. B., Tiiylor ; Aug. 10, 1802. 
Clark, tliles. Rush ; Aug. 10, 1802. 

Dolph. John, Bush ; Aug. 16, 1862; trans, to V. E. C. March 9, 1864. 
Elder, Robert, Worth; Aug. 10, 1802; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Feb. 15, 

1804; disch. July 14, 1865. 
Flack, Nelson, Pp;-ing; Aug. 10, 1802, to June 1, 1805. 
Farley, Daniel G , Bellefonte ; Aug. 16, 1862, to June 1, 1805. 
Frantz, Jacob, Worth; Aug. 10, 1862; disch, December 13th, for wounds 

received at Ream's Station Aug. 25, 1864. 
Flinn, Michael, Bellefonte; Aug. 16, 1802; killed at Cliancellorsville 

May 3, 1803. 
Garrett, Charles, Spring; Aug. 16, 1802, to June 1, 1805. 
Gahagan, John W., Bellefonte; Aug. 16, 1802; disch. May 30, 1803, for 

wounds received in action. 
Gunsalus, Samuel, Snow Shoe; Aug. 10, 1802; killed at Spottsylvania 

Court-House May 10, 1864; buried iu the Wilderness burial-grounds. 
Green, John, Snow Shoe; Aug. 10, 1802; died, August 1st, of wounds 

received at Gettysburg July 2, 1803; buried in National Cemetery, 

Gephart, Thomas, Walk«r; Aug. 16, 1862; died March 5, 1863. 
Oooden, David, Snow Shoe; Aug. 10, 1S62. 
lluilson, Robert, Rush ; Aug. 16, 1862, to June 1, 1805. 
Ilanes, George, Howard; Aug. 10, 1862; disch. on surg. certif. .\pril 15, 

Hunter, Francis J., Spring; Aug. 16, 1862; disch. July 20th, for wounds 

received May 3, 1863. 
Ingram, Lewis H., Bellefonte; Aug. 16, 1802; pro. to conimissary-sergt. 

Sept. 5, 1802. 
Jones, Edward P., Worth; Aug. 10, 1802 ; wounded at Gettysburg July 

3,1863; must, out June 1, 1865. 
Jones, George T., Worth ; Aug. 16, 1862 ; disch. Feb. 9, 1864, for wounds 

received May 3, 1863. 
Johnston, John, Boggi; Aug. 10, 1802; disch. on surg. certif. M.iy 20, 

Kelley, Robert J., Worth; Aug. 16, 1802; wounded nt Spollsylvauia 

Court-House May 12, 1864. 

Knippenburg, IljCnrtin ; Aug. 10,1802; disch. on (nrg. certif. June 2C, 

Lambert, Osborne B., Bellefonte; Aug. 10, 1802, to June 1, 1805. 
Long, George H., Bellefonte; Aug.l6,180i; wounded May 3, 18M; ditch. 

Jan. 18, 1804. 
Lucas, William J, Snow Shoe; Aug. 16, 1862; disch. March 18, I8C.i, for 

wounds received May 12, 1864. 
Lebkechcr, Michael, Spring; Aug. 16, 1602; disch. September 181b, for 

wounds received May 3, 1863. 
Ludwig, William, Worth. 

Miller, W. S., Spring ; Aug. 16, 1862; killed May 3, 1803. 
Montgomery, W. F., Bellefonte; Aug. 16, 1802; wounded and captured ; 

died Dec. 10, 1864, at Salisbury, N. C. 
Mclntire, Spencer, Rush ; Aug. 16, 1862, to June 1, 1805. 
McKinney, William, Snow Shoo, Aug. 16, 1862, to Juno 1, 1865. 
McClellan, H. J., Rush ; Aug. 13, 1863 ; drafted. 
Newcomer, John B., Bnrnside; Aug. 16, 1862, to May 25, 1865. 
Oliver, William, Potter; Aug. 16, 1802 ; disch. on surg. certif. July 6, 

Orris, William, Snow Shoe; Aug. 16, 1862 ; disch. Aug. 20th, for wounds 

received May 3,1863. 
Rank, Oscar L., Rush ; Aug. 16, 1862, to June 1, 1865. 
Ross, Matthial M., Snow Shoo ; Aug. 16, 1862; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps 

March 20, 1864. 
Rankin, .John R. M., Worth; Aug. 16, 1802; died at Alexandria, Va., 

July 1,1863; grave 872. 
Reeder, Frederick, Boggs; Aug. 16,1802; died of wounds received May 

3, 1863. 
Spoils, Jacob, Huston ; Aug. 16, 1862, to June 5, 1365. 
Stiner, David, Benner ; Aug. 10, 1862, to Juno 1, 1865. 
Sanders, Thomas B., Howard: Aug. 16, 1862, to Juno, 1865. 
Shullz, William A., Boggs ; Aug. 16, 1862, to May 3U, 1865. 
Shunk, Jacob, Boggs; Aug. 16, 1802; disch. on surg. certif. Sept. 22, 

Sweetwood, Amos, Benner; Aug. 16, 1862 ; died near Falmouth, Va., 

April 1, 1803. 
Sweetwood, Isaac, Gregg; Aug. 10, 1802; killed at Po River May 10, 

Stewart, James, Spring; Aug. 16, 1862; killed at Gettysburg July 2, 

Test, James M., Bellefonte ; Aug. 10, 1802 ; killed May 3, 1863. 
UzEcl, John, Snow Shoe; Aug. 10, 1862; disch. Sept. 8, 18G3. 
Ulrich, Samuel, Worth; Aug. 16, 1802. 
Walker, Philip, Boggs; Aug. 16, 1802, to June 19, 1865. 
Whipp, Charles 0., Worth ; Aug. 16, 1862 ; wounded May 3, 1863 ; disch. 

March 9, 1804. 
Woodring, David W., Worth ; Aug. 16, 1862 ; disch. for wounds received 

May 3, 1803. 
Wants, Ulysses, Liberty ; Aug. 10, 1802 ; killed May 3, 1863. 
Yeager, Harrison, Huston ; Aug. 10, 1862 ; killed May 3, 1803. 
Yothei-s, .\donirani, Huston; Aug. 10, 1S62; died at Falmouth, Va., 

June 9tli, of wounds received May 3, 1863. 
Zimmerman, Benjauiin, Ru^h ; 16, 1862; wounded May 3, 1863; 

trans, to Vet. Res. Corps; discb. June 27, 1865. 
H. II. Jloutgoniery, G. W. Farnsler, and J. H. J. Fugato were in 

twenty-seven skirmishes and engagements. 


noble, Israel J., Sept. 19, 1862; v 
River May 10, 1804. 

undcd, with loss of limb, at Po 



Foe the following sketch of the services of the 
One Hundred and Forty-eighth Pennsylvania the 
editor is indebted to 3Iaj. R. H. Forster, taken from 
his address before the Veteran Club at Howard Sept. 
20, 1877. 

" Early in the month of August, 1862, and partly 



with a view to save Centre County from the opera- 
tions of the draft then pending, it was thought that 
a regiment of volunteers niiglit be raised in addition 
to the numerous companies already in the field from 
the county. Under the inspiration and influence of 
many prominent citizens, public meetings were held 
in various portions of the county, and earnest appeals 
were made to the young men to enlist, especially to 
those of some of the townships which up to that time 
had not given as many men to the army as it was 
thought they might. By energetic and unceasing 
efforts, before the end of the month came, seven com- 
panies, numbering over six hundred men, were re- 
cruited and taken to Camp Curtin, at Harrisburg. 
For the time being it was thought this about ex- 
hausted the material of the county. These seven 
companies were composed entirely of Centre County 
men, except a sturdy little band from the wilds of 
Cameron County who joined Company F at Harris- 
burg. Three other companies, two from Jefferson and 
Indiana and one from Clario'n, were united to the 
seven, and formed the regiment known as the One 
Hundred and Forty-eighth. The regiment was or- 
ganized on the 8th day of September, 1862. The 
Centre County companies were A, B, C, D, F, G, and 
H ; the Jefferson and Indiana and Clarion companies, 
E, I, and K. The regiment marched from Camp 
Curtin on the evening of the 8th of September, and 
immediately began its career of service. 

" The Army of the Potomac had been withdrawn 
from the Peninsula, Pope had been forced back to 
the defenses of Washington, and Lee was about to 
invade Maryland. To protect the northern commu- 
nications with Washington, therefore, became an 
tirgent necessity, and the One Hundred and Forty- 
eighth was one of the regiments placed on duty along 
the railway north of Baltimore. Starting by rail 
from Harrisburg, the morning of the 9th found us at 
Cockeysville, fii'teen miles from Baltimore. Citnips 
were formed atCockeysville, Luthersville, Gunpowder 
Bridge, Phcenix, and Glencoe, covering about twelve 
miles of the railroad, with the regimental head- 
quarters at Cockeysville. Tiie battles of South Moun- 
tain and Antietam were in the mean time fougiit, and 
the tide of war again flowed back to Virginia. We 
still remained in Maryland, and under a rigid system 
of drills and inspections the regiment made rapid 
progress in discipline, and in all the duties of the 
soldier in camp. About the only drawback to effi- 
ciency was in the arms received at Harrisburg, a 
short, heaVy, unwieldy, worthless gun, surmounted 
by an ugly sabre bayonet, and called the Vincennes 
rifle, calibre G9. When we joined the Army of the 
Potomac, carrying these ugly implements of destruc- 
tion, though they were not very dangerous, the boys 
were often taunted with being heavy artillery or dis- 
mounted cavalry, or a between the two, the gun 
representing the one arm of service and the sabre- 
bayonet the other. To their credit, however, be it 

said, they bore all with as good grace as possible, 
though sometimes it did make them a little angry. 
These arms were afterwards exchanged for bright 
new Springfield rifles, and there were no more jeers 
or tau'uts. 

"The armies in Virginia confronted each other at 
Fredericksburg, and in the month of December the 
One Hundred and Forty-eighth was ordered from the 
pleasant camps of the past three months to the front. 
Passing through Baltimore and Washington, a tire- 
some march to Liverpool Point, thence by ferry-boats 
across the Potomac to Acquia Creek Landing, an- 
other march of twelve or fifteen miles on a cold, 
dreary, drizzly afternoon and night to Falmouth, and 
on the ISlh of December we became a part of the 
Arjny of the Potomac, joining the First Brigade, 
First Division, Second Army Corps. From that time 
until the end of the war the fortunes of the regi- 
ment were identified with the operations of that 

" We marched to Chancellorsville, and in the strug- 
gle of May 1, 2, and 3, 1863, the metal of our ranks 
was first tested, and the severity of the test is shown by 
the long sad list of killed and wounded. The result 
of the battle was unfortunate, and we tramped back, 
through mud and rain, to the old camp near Fal- 
mouth. The prospect was not encouraging. A short 
ten days previous we had gone forth cheerful and 
buoyant, with full ranks in splendid array. Just 
before we started the Governor of the State looked 
upon us, his neighbors and friends, with pride swell- 
ing his warm heart, and he spoke eloquent, hopeful 
words to us. After our return he saw us again, and 
to him what a sorrowful contrast ! The ranks were no 
longer full ; many noble fellows, well known to him, 
had fallen; many others were suffering from painful 
wounds; and withal there was no success to cheer 
and compensate. Vain indeed were his efforts to con- 
ceal his sad emotions. Looks or words could not hide 
them, and few that heard his touching and pathetic 
address in that dismal camp will ever forget it. Among 
those who fell were Lieuts. William H. Bible and 
Frank Stevenson, both of Company C. Both were 
well known in the regiment and sadly missed. Lieut. 
Bible was cast in nature's biggest mould. His tall, 
commanding form always attracted notice, while his 
many excellent traits had drawn nearly all of his 
brother officers towards him in ties of warm friend- 
ship. Lieut. Stevenson also had many friends, who 
will not soon permit the remembrance of his happy, 
jovial disposition to drop from memory. 

" But it is not for soldiers to brood long in gloom 
and despair over the past. A few weeks given to rec- 
reation, and the regiment was once more ready for 
the field whenever the summons should come. For 
this we did not have long to wait. Lee had began 
his movement north which culminated at Gettysburg, 
and early in June, with the Second Corps, we started 
in the same direction, marching by way of Stratford, 


Dumfries, and Occoquau to Centreville, and from 
Centreville to Thoroughfare Gap, where we remained 
a number of days. Here we found some of the cav- 
alry of the enemy liovering on our rear and flanks. 
Tliey were not in suflicient force to do much damage, 
l)ut could cause annoyance, delay movements, occa- 
sionally kill or wound a skirmisher, and pick up the 
stragglers. Thus it happened when we started from 
the Gap we were obliged to make the march witli 
some circumspection, and in coming out the head 
and flanks of the column were covered by a portion 
of the One Hundred and Forty-eighth deployed as 
skirmishers and flankers. There was little or no 
delay in the march, though a battery in position near 
Haymarket for a short time made it slightly un- 
pleasant for the rear. Thence we moved by Gum 
Springs to tlie Potomac, which was crossed at Ed- 
wards Ferry, and we reached the Monocacy, near 
Frederick, in JIaryland, on the 28th day of June. 
On the 29th we marched to Uniontown, and it will 
long be remembered by those who made it as the big 
march. The distance was thirty-five miles and the 
time twelve hours. It was an exhausting day's work, 
and many were the stragglers left by the wayside. 
We rested over the 30th, and on the 1st day of July 
went to Gettysburg by way of Taneytown. It is a 
singular fact that while approaching Gettysburg not 
a sound of the conflict then raging between the ad- 
vance portions of the two armies reached our ears, 
and not until about dark, when an ambulance with 
the body of the lamented Gen. Reynolds passed us, 
did we know that there had been a fight that day. 
During the night of the 1st we bivouacked to the 
right of the Taneytown road, within two miles of the 
battle field. On the morning of the 2d we advanced 
to the front, after an inspection of arms, prepared to 
bear our part in the great battle of the war. The ac- 
tion of the 1st had not been favorable, though it 
probably secured to the Army of the Potomac the 
strong position held on the 2d and 3d, against which 
Lee hurled his forces in vain. 

"The One Hundred and Forty-eighth went through 
the actions of the two days with great credit, and suf- 
fered severely in killed and wounded. The heaviest 
loss occurred in the evening of the 2d, while the regi- 
ment was engaged in front of Round Top. Capt. 
Robert M. Forster, of Company C, was killed, and 
Lieut. John A. Bayard, of Company H, mortally 
wounded. Capt. Forster was an able oflScer, and 
his death was a great loss. As a disciplinarian he 
had no superior in the regiment, and took great pride 
in always having his company in good condition for 
duty. Lieut. Bayard was a fine drill-master, and the 
ease and grace with which he handled a company on 
parade was often a subject of remark. 

" After the battle we remained on the field over the 
4th, and then moved around to the Baltimore turn- 
pike, at Ten Taverns. From there we marched by 
way of Taneytown and Middletown back to Frederick, 

and from Frederick by way of Crampton'g Gap to the 
Potomac, near Williamsport, where we were again in 
the presence of Lee's arjny, the position of the One 
Hundred and Forty-eighth being directly in front of 
St. James' College. Lee withdrew across the river, 
and we then marched to Harper's Ferry, passing over 
the old battle-field of Antietam, and in a very few 
days we were again upon the ' sacred soil' of Virginia. 
We nuirched down Loudon valley, st<^ipping at Snick- 
er's, Ashby's, and Manassas Gaps, without encounter- 
ing the enemy. Then we reached Warrenton, and 
from there moved across the Orange and Alexandria 
Railroad to Morrisville, a short distance from Kelly's 
Ford, on the Rappahannock. 

"The summer campaign now ended, and we went 
into camp to remain a number of weeks. It was here 
that the boys had a story about the colonel being lost 
one night while on picket duty. As the story ran it 
might be called ' TIlc Adventurer of a lost Colonel in 
Search of a Picket Line.' It was a dark, gloomy 
night, and in going to'visit the line it is supposed he 
made a slight mistake in direction, and in wandering 
through the woods became somewhat bewildered. 
Suddenly the boys on duty were startled by a loud, 
strong voice crying through the darkness, ' Ho, boys I 
Ho, boys!' The voice was at once recognized, and 
soon the ' lost was found.' Of course the wags of the 
regiment would try to get as much fun as possible out 
of the mishap, and for several days mysterious cries 
of ' Ho, boys ! Ho, boys !' were heard about the camp. 
They usually came from behind a tree, a tent, or from 
some place of concealment where the eyes of officers 
could not penetrate. 

" In the month of September of this year — 1863 — 
began what has often been described as the 'cam- 
paign of manojuvrea,' and not until December did 
the army rest. Crossing the Rappahannock, we first 
pushed forward to the Rapidan, that narrow stream 
at many points only separating the picket lines. 
After remaining here for a week or ten days, we were 
relieved by a division of the Sixth Corps, and marched 
back to the neighborhood of Culpeper Court-House. 
Lee was soon discovered to be moving on the flank of 
the army, and on the 13th of October we began the 
retrograde march to Bull Run and Centreville. On 
the morning of the 14th the enemy struck us at 
Auburn Mills, or, as the boys prefer to call it, ' Coftee 
Hill,' and on the afternoon of tlie same day at 
Bristoe. It was a race to Bull Run, and the Army of 
the Potomac won. Our friends of the other side fol- 
lowed up, but did not push things to extremes, and 
there was no fight. Cautiously they withdrew, de- 
stroying the railroad as they went, and it became our 
turn to follow. Forward again, and we were soon 
beyond the Rappahannock, making the fifth time that 
we crossed and recrossed that stream thus far in this 
campaign. On the 2tith of November we started 
across the Rapidan to Mine Run. Nothing came of 
the movement, and the morning of the 1st of Decern- 



ber found us back on the Culpeper side of the river. 
In these manoeuvres no general engagement took 
place, but our marches and countermarches by day 
and night were still attended with great toil and 
many hardships. On the 7th we went into winter- 
quarters near Stevensburg. Here we remained, with 
the exception of a day or two spent at Morton's Ford, 
on the Kapidan, where we made a demonstration in 
aid of a cavalry raid, until May, 1864. We were in 
comfortable cantonments, and the winter passed 
pleasantly enough for soldiers. The regiment re- 
ceived an addition to its strength of two hundred and 
eighty-three drafted men and substitutes in fall of 1863. 
These, with men returned from the hospitals, gave us a 
regiment once more strong in numbers. The new men 
aided by the old material made rapid improvement in 
drill and discipline, so that when the campaign of 
1864 opened we flattered ourselves that the regiment 
■was in a fine state of efficiency. ' Colonel,' said the 
general commanding the Second Division of our 
corps, ' you have a regiment there that I have always 
thought I Avould like to command : there is no 
militia about it.' This to our colonel we regarded as 
a handsome compliment. In the reorganization of 
the army we clianged to the Fourth Brigade, our 
division and corps associations remaining the same. 

" May 3, 1864, we broke camp and entered upon that 
series of fierce and bloody struggles which marked 
the way from the Rapidan to the James. We crossed 
the river at Ely's Ford on the morning of the 4th, 
and at noon of that day were at Chancellorsville, the 
scene of our first fight just one year before, where we 
bivouacked on the old battle-field. On the morning 
of the 5th we moved a few miles to the right, and 
took position on the left of the line of battle in what 
is historic as the battle of the Wilderness. In this 
grapple of giants we were fortunate enough to suffer 
no great loss. The 5th, 6th, and 7th passed, and we 
then followed in the flank movement to Spottsylvania, 
our corps keeping position along the Brock road 
until everything had passed. We spent one day at 
Todd's Tavern, and reached the Po River on the 9lh. 
In the action of the 10th the regiment was roughly 
handled, and met with severe lossesin killed, wounded, 
and missing, the aggregate being about two hundred. 
On the 12th, in the famous and brilliant charge of 
the Second Corps, the regiment was prominent and 
distinguished. The action began at early dawn, con 
tinned throughout most of the day, and cost us another 
large list of killed and wounded. The lieutenant- 
colonel was among the wounded, and was so unfor- 
tunate as to be taken prisoner. With that bravery 
and impetuosity so characteristic of him, he was last 
seen going over the captured breastworks of the 
enemy, waving his sabre in the air aud shouting, 
'Come on, boys! this is the last day of the Rebel- 
lion!' and it might have been nearly so had proper 
preparations been made to follow up the morning's 
work of the Second Corps. Among the killed of the 

One Hundred and Forty-eighth in these operations 
were Capt. Thompson Core, of Company K, Lieut. 
John A. McGuire, of Company I, and Lieut. James 
B. Cook, of Company H. The latter was well known 
in Bellefonte, where he bad many friends, as he also 
had in the regiment. Lieut. McGuire was a brave 
Irishman, who embodied all the inspirations of the 
robust, rugged soldier. He was uncultivated, and 
yet an excellent drill-master, seeming to know by in- 
stinct, as it were, all that was in the books and how to 
use it. It was a rare and enjoyable sight to see him 
exercising a company in the skirmish drill. The loss 
of Capt. Core was a grievous one, and came unex- 
pectedly from a wound in the arm. The wound was 
severe, though not at the time considered dangerous. 
Erysipelas supervened and caused his death. He 
was a large man, big-hearted and good-natured, and 
by his unfailing kindness had endeared every one to 
him. He was also known in the regiment as a model 
of devotion to duty, always to be relied upon under 
any circumstances, and never disappointing expecta- 
tions. An instance of this may be given : One night 
while we were in bivouac on the banks of the Rap- 
pahannock, Capt. Core was on picket duty in charge 
of a detail from the regiment. In the morning we 
crossed the river, and by an oversight the pickets 
were not relieved and were thus left behind. After 
we had proceeded a mile or more the oversight was 
discovered, and a discussion arose as to whether it 
was worth while to send back after them, some think- 
ing that they might relieve themselves and follow of 
their own accord. The colonel desired to know who 
was in command, and was informed that it was 
Capt. Core. 'Then go back immediately and relieve 
him. Core will not leave without orders if he stays 
there until doomsday.' 

" From .the lines around Spottsylvania another 
flank movement was begun on the night of the 20th 
of May, and on the 23d we reached the north bank of 
the North Anna River, only to find the enemy in po- 
sition on the opposite side. On the 24th the Second 
Corps crossed over and took up a position for assault. 
No general attack was made, however, and during the 
night of the 26th we withdrew. The movement back 
commenced at dark, but the skirmishers were not 
withdrawn until day began to dawn on the morning 
of 27th. They were closely followed, and some of the 
One Hundred and Forty-eighth made a narrow escape 
from capture. The turning movement was continued 
to the left, and after crossing the Pamunkey River 
near Hanovertown, the enemy was again encountered 
in position at Cold Harbbr, in front of the Chicka- 
hominy. This was on the 3d of June. An assault 
was gallnntly made, but in the end it was not success- 
ful. Our division entered the enemy's works at one 
point, but being unsupported could not hold them, 
and was forced back a short distance. Here Lieut. 
Jacob S. Lander, of Company C, killed. He was 
a gentle, amiable officer, and was much lamented. 



The lines remained for some days in close contact, 
and preparations were made for siege operations, but 
they were soon abandoned. It was then determined 
to move south of the James River, and Petersburg 
was reached on the 16th of June. In the operations 
around Petersburg the regiment was constantly en- 
gaged. It took part in actions of the IGth, ISth, and 
22d, experienced hard fighting, and met with very 
serious losses. On the 22d the flank of the division 
was turned and a considerable number of officers and 
men of the regiment were taken prisoners. Capt. 
Jacob B. Edmonds, of Company C, was killed, and 
Lieut. Wesley W. Bierly, of Company A, was mor- 
tally wounded. Lieut. Bierly fell into the hands of 
the enemy and died in Petersburg. The regiment 
was also engaged at Deep Bottom, July 28th, at Straw- 
berry Plains, August 14tli, and at Ream's Station, 
August 25th. In the last action Lieut. David G. 
Ralston, another officer of Company C, was killed. 

" Upon the return of the regiment to the front at 
Petersburg, it was next for some time on duty at Fort 
Haskell and Steadman and Battery No. 10, and in 
the early part of October changed its arms for the 
Spencer repeating rifles. It was one of the regiments 
selected by the corps commander to be thus armed, 
which was a compliment for past services and gal- 
lantry. On the night of the 27th of October a detail 
of one hundred men of the One Hundred and Forty- 
eighth made an assault upon a fort in the enemy's 
line, and carried it, capturing part of a Virginia regi- 
ment. The prisoners were sent to the rear, but as the 
assaulting party was not supported the fort could not 
long be held, and in falling back a considerable num- 
ber were killed and wounded. It was a brilliant feat 
of arms, and added to the reputation of the regiment, 
but it may be considered doubtful whether the gain 
compensated for the loss. Following this, the regi- 
ment did garrison duty in Forts Sampson, Gregg, 
and Cummings. 

" We now come to the final campaign in the spring 
of 1865, which resulted in the fall of Petersburg and 
the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia at 
Appomatox. We find the One Hundred and Forty- 
eighth at Hatcher's Run, March 25th, where Lieut. 
Jeremiah A. Sankey, of Company F, was killed, and 
at Adams Farm, near Five P^orks, on the 31st, where 
Capt. Samuel Everhart, of Company C, was killed. 
The fall of Capt. Everhart made the seventh officer 
of Company C killed on the field of battle during its 
term of service. It seemed almost like a fatality to 
be an officer of this company, for its record in that 
respect is without example in the history of the Penn- 
sylvania volunteers. 

"Lee, with the remnants of his army, was now in 
full retreat. The Army of the Potomac was close 
upon his heels, and at Sutherland's Station, on the 
Southside Railroad, the One Hundred and Forty- 
eighth did splendid work on the skirmish line. By 
a .skillful and finely-executed flank movement, which 

permitted an enfilading fire with tlie repeating rifles, 
nearly an entire brigade was compelled to throw down 
its arms and surrender. For this the regiment wa.s 
highly complimented by the general commanding 
the division in a special order. The results were 
seven hundred prisoners, two pieces of artillery, and 
two flags. It participated in the final action at Farm- 
ville on the 7th of Ajiril, and was present at the sur- 
render at Appomatox on the 9th. 

" The end had come, and the Army of the Potomac 
retraced its footsteps to the neighborhood of Alexan- 
dria, passing on the way through the city of Rich- 
mond, so long the objective-point of its operations. 
After taking part in the grand review at Washing- 
ton, the One Hundred and Forty-eighth came to 
Harrisburg, where, on the 3d day of June, 1865, it 
was mustered out of service and ceased to be, except 
as it lives in history and in the recollections of its 
many friends." 



The following is a list of Centre County soldiers 
who enlisted in the nine months' service in August, 
1862, before orders were changed : 

Aug. 12, 1S02, to June 1, 1803. 

Brewer, Green, Liljerty. Fulger,, Walker. 

Degiin, George, Lilierty. Kissinger, Jacob G., Walker. 

Delong, Jubn, Liberly. Ketner, Jacob, Miles, 

Fetil, George, Miles, corp. Kling, Henr^-, Marion. 

Foust, Benjamin N., Liberty. Reed, TliouLis, Howard. 
Fravel, Micliael, Liberty. 


Ang. 10, 1802, to May 18, 1803. 
Magill, Thomas, Taylor. 
Miller, William, Taylor; corp. 
Vanghan, George, Taylor; wounded at Antietam Sept. 17, 1802 ; discli. 

April 1,1803. 
Vanghan, Henry, Taylor ; discli. Dec. 10, 1802. 

Centre County Militia, 1862.— On the reception 
of the Governor's proclamation calling fifty thousand 
militia into the field on the 11th of Sejitember, a 
meeting was held at Bellefonte and a volunteer com- 
pany formed, with H. N. McAllister, Esq., as cap- 
tain. This company was ordered into the service on 
the 15th of September, and promptly left for Harris- 
burg, one hundred and eight strong. 

Quite as promptly a company volunteered in Fer- 
guson township, under command of Capt. William 
Burchfield, and marched on the 16th of September. 

The " Hasson Guards," called in honor of Judge 
John Hasson, who was among the first to enroll his 
name and who had served in the war of 1812, was a 
volunteer militia company from Harris township, 
under the command of Capt. David Wilson. 



These companies were arranged in the Twenty- 
third Regiment (Col. George P. Wiestling), and of 
the militi.T, concentrated near Hagerstov.n, under 
Gen. John F. Reynolds, at the time of the battle of 
Antietam, and served until the discharge of the regi- 
ment, Sept. 30. 1862. 

Of'tlie staff, Austin B. S:iyder, lieutenant colonel, 
Joseph E. Mitclieli, adjutant, and James M. Thomp- 
son, surgeon, were from Centre County. 

Ciipt., Djivid Wilson; tst Lieut., G. A. .liicobs ; 21 Lieut., S. B. Gross- 
manu ; Serjits., Alfred Dale, Arliuu Hess, James II.i^sou, Jolin I. Thump- 
son, Charles ShafTsr ; Corps., Thomiis Hile.v. Peter Schreck, AJiini Stover, 
J. B. Hiltchinson,D. A. Stuitt, Enwnuel Wolfe, Israel Coudo, J. T. For- 
ner; Musici.xus, Jonathan Kreamer, George U. Jiickl ; Privates, George 
W. Alien, Be.ijaniin II. Amey, William R. Darnea, D. W. Baker, Thomp- 
son B,irr, Samuel Barr, John S. Baihnrst, .lohn Breser, W. H. Beuner, 
James Bons, John Brooks, William Oimphell, David Corbin, Coroelius 
Dale. Philip Dale, Thomas Dale, Thomas E. Davis, John Davis, Miobiiel 
Durstine, William Dale, AVilliam Everliart, William Geistvveil, John B. 
Ouhei'U, Adam Ilartsock, Hanison Hagheiil.err.v. John Hiasnn, A. B. 
Henilerson, Tlionia.s Hess, E. A. Ileston, William Hess, Isaac Hoffman, 
Jo-iab Ilaldeman, Clifistian Hiraser, Martin HonsiT, Jr., William H.>y, 
Ilicbard Herman, Emanuel Is'.iler, William Jadcs.m, Alexander John- 
ston, Isaac Kiinp, Rndolph Krise, Oliver Love, John Lndvvi- John 
Ljtle, HeMTy Jlaikle, Lewis Mayes, S. H. Me.vers, Alfred P. Meyer, 
.1. JI. Morgan, John Miisselnian, Joseph E. Mitchell (pro. adjutJint), 
L. B. Mcliilire, Willi.un McFarlane, S. P. Palmer, W. S. Palmer, Samuel 
I'atton,W. D. Rankin, James R ley, James A. Hockey, r.obert A. Sankey, 
W.S. Shires. Isaac Seltzer, William Speese, W. II. Stiver, A. G. Shiies, 
Jami-sM. Thompson, William Tliom|i3un, Joseph Ti-cssler, Martin Treas- 
tt-r, T. G. Vantries, Cyrus W.isson, John Wassoii, Jr., Dr. W. W. While, 
.lohn Williams, Ji-., John Wirts, Jr., Thilip Wirts, Robert Willenmeycr, 
Isaiic Woomer, J. .It. Zimmermnn. 

Capt., William Biirchfield; 1st Lieut., W. W. Mayes; 2d Lieut., Alex- 
ander Sanqde ; Sei'gts., B. J.Ljiporte, G M. ICeiiler, J.ames II. Mitchell, 
John A. Hunter, Henry Budge; Corps, John Musser, Jr., Henry M. 
Meek, G. D. Danley, Emanuel Bolenger, Joseph Ward, James Miller, 
Peter Wolf, .Tohn Stover; Musicians, John G. Hess, Jacob Nicholas; 
I'rivates, J. G. Archcy, J. G. Bailey, Isaac Beck, John Chase, R. P. Ciaig, 
Jacob Erb, Joseph B. Erb, Robert Eson, Samuel Felty, Jesse R. Flora, 
T. S.Glenn, Wilson G.irdner, R. F. Gates, Tliomas Gates, W. B. Glenn, 
Kenhen Hammer, G. W.Keichline, Thomas Knsteubader, John S. Lyile, 
M. G. Lightuer, Isaac Long, James W. Louriraore, William Musser, Jr., 
W. D. Ross, William Stover, F. B. Stover, Samuel Stewart, George 



Capt., II. N. McAllister, Esq.; 1st Lieut., Daniel McGinley; 2d Lieut., 
J. B. Bulls; Sergts . J. M. Armor, W. S. Tripple, A. S. Valentine, Wil- 
liam, Delaune Griiy; Corps., A. Foresman, John Moran, Wil- 
liam H. llnmes.John P. Harris, John C. Boxtresser, William Shovtledge, 
William P. Duncan, II. C. Crosthwaito; Musician, Samuel H.Cook; 
Privates, E. M. Blanchard, Demetrius B.irnhart, John Bl.and, W. H. 
Bing. Edmund Blanchard, J. M. Biooner, J. W. Bennei-, David Bech- 
dol, John W. Cook, William Cook, W. D. Clark, George W. Cochler, R. 
D. Cummings, U. N. Crostliwaite, Edward Bowling, W. H.Durstine, Ed- 
ward do Haas, Jonathan Belong, Thomas Dorris, W. C. Davis, William 
Eckert, D. W. Eberliard, W.P. Fnrey, Charles II Free, Theodore Gordon, 
William Gialflus, F. P. Green, William Galhraith, E. J. Gilleland, An- 
drew Glenn, Adam Hoy, Francis Ilina, N. M. Hoover, Enoch Hastings, 
Frank Hillebish, Allison Hanpt, J. C. Henry, H. P. Harris, S. Hocken- 
bnry, II. P. Haupt, J. D. Harris, James Hall, H. C. Holter, M. P. Hol- 
ier, G. W. Jackson, W. W. Kepliart, T. J. Kurtz, C. W. Lambert, J. S. 
Loneberger, H. C. Loneberger, James Long, John Ligget, J. K. Leathers, 
W. W. Montgomery, J. F. Musser, Thomas Miles, Andrew Morrison, 
Peter Marliii, William McCafferty, William McCleuahan, Charles Mc- 
Bride, George McGnire, Frank McCoy, Thomas Norman, O. 0. Osmer, 

1 George B. Jack appointed drum-major of the regiment. 

2 Josepii E. Mitchell apiminted adjutant of the regiment. 

S. C. Fletcher, Thomas Pnidue, S. W.Pletchcr, Reuben Fletcher, George 
R.wan, James F. Riddle, James U. Rvukin, Simin Bo ish, William 
Snyder, W. J. Slein, Roger G. Savage, Benjamin Schrack, Willam 
Schr.ack, Levi Straub, William Shnwaltor, W. B. Savage, Isaac Shney, 
9. K. Spaugler, S. P. Slienk, D. W. Slienk, Irvin E. Slienk, David K. 
Tate, T. M. Tonner, .lacoh V. Thomas, Joseph Thompson, E. M. Valen- 
tine, Jacob D. Valentine, Bond Valentine, Jr., John D. Wingate, Ja 8 

M. Ward. Philo Ward, Frank S. Wilson, John M. Weldon, William P. 
Wilson, Henry C. Yeager. 

in August, 1862, Sergt. James B. Curtin returned 
to Bellefonte to recruit for tlie Anderson Cavalry, now 
the One Hundred and Sixtieth Pennsylvania, or Fif- 
teenth Cavalry. Among the recruits were Harvey S. 
Lingel, Charles Wilson, Michael Musser, Calvin Wil- 
son, David McKenney, John Irwin. Jr. They were 
recruited especially for Gen. Biiell's body-guard. 

In September, 1862, occurred the death of Capt. 
Josiah Baird, son of William Baird, Sr., of Centre 
County. Capt. Baird was killed in a skirmish with 
guerrillas at Glasgow, Mo. 

In August, Governor Curtin visited Washington 
and secured the promulgation of an order to divide 
the State into districts, composed of counties or sub- 
divisions of counties, each district to be credited 
against the draft with all volunteers enrolled from 
that district then in service. On the 19th of Septem- 
ber, 1862, the following w,as the number of militia at 
home and the number of volunteers in the army, to- 
gether with the number from each township and 
borough. The enrollment figures include every man 
between eighteen and forty-five years, whether they 
were in the service or not. The quota of this county, 
all the calls for three years' and nine months' men in- 
cluded, was 1593. It will be seen that 352 more men 
were furnished than were called for. Snow Shoe is 
the banner township, having furnished seven-tenths 
of her militia : 


Militia. teers. 

Potter 30.5 l.i7 

Harris 20t 142 

Ferguson 228 11,0 

Patton VO 40 

Half-Moon 84 fiO 

Worth 58 34 

Taylor 6.'i 31 

Huston 4C 03 

Unioiiville 38 27 

Wilesbnig .W 53 

Bellefonte 218 13G 

Union 80 43 

Boggs 1114 115 

Bciiner 210 74 

Spiiiig I'.iO "JO 

Gregg 22J 4.i 

Haines 1S.5 67 

I'enn ITS 3U 

Miles 180 7!) 

Walker 1S8 127 

Marion 98 35 

Howard 142 79 

Liberty 124 68 

Curtin 01 8 

Rush 117 79 

Show Shoe 39 91 

Buruside 4U 47 

Total 3710 1'.I45 

Aggregate 560 L 

In the fall of 1862 the Democratic congressional 
conferees (C. T. Alexander and H. L. Dieft'enbach of 
the conferees protesting) declined to make a nomina- 
tion for Congress. William H. Armstrong was the 



regular Republican nominee, Judge James T. Hale 
running as an independent candidate. Judge Hale 
had 1290 majority in Centre County, and 352 in the 
district. Isaac Slenker, Democratic nominee for 
auditor-general, had 831 majority. The whole Demo- 
cratic county ticket had an average majority of 850. 
Capt. AVilliam H. Blair, who was on both tickets for 
district attorney, was elected unanimously. Total 
vote cast in the county, 4543. 

The Bald Eagle Valley Railroad was finished to 
Bellefonte, and the first passenger train ar- 
1863. rived at 7 p.m. on the 2d day of January. 

February 2d, the remains of Lieut.-Com- 
mander Thomas McKean, who was killed 
in the naval service on the Bayou Teche, La., on 
the 14th of January, were brought to Bellefonte 
and interred. He was a son of George Buchanan, 
Esq., of near Spring Mills. A graduate of the Naval 
Academy at Annapolis, June 9, 1856, he was attached 
to the "Constellation," Capt. Bell, in the Mediterra- 
nean. Nov. 4, 1858, he was promoted master, and 
July 17, 1860, lieutenant, and in 1861 lieutenantcom- 
niander, he commanding the gunboat "Calhoun" 
when he lost his life in the service of his country, at 
the early age of twenty-four years. 


irarrU Toifiis'.ip.— Alfred Dale, George Kline, David Siiilling, C. B. 
SliiilTer, James, Andrew Griffin, Thomas Pennington, James 
Kimport, Wallace Pearce, Shannon Boar, William Poadford, A. J. Sheare, 
Danii'l Horner, David Heed, J. A. Hockey, William Stover, Jacob Fox, 
William Jackson, Jacob Stoner, John Spiker, Thomas Miller (colored), 
R. H. Potter, Samuel Kimport, James Dusey, Michael Derstine, Daniel 
Kimport, 11. P. Sankey, Jacob Markle, Emannel Cronemiller, Benjaniiu 
Brooks, James D. Gordon, John From, John W. Shiiey, Archy Moon, 
Benjamin Ossman, Samuel B. Wilson, James Riley, Jacob Sliuey, Alfred 
Meyers, Thomas llfss, Levi Karner, John Koon, Jeremiah Oliver, W. 
H. Groh, John Boal, Emanuel Ishler, Benjamin Kreamer, Ephraim 
Gales, Frank McLean, Robert Lisle, Abraham Tumore. 

Frguson Totcnship. — Franklin Dermit, George W. Archy, David Reed, 
Hiram Hendricks, George Harpster, John W. Adams, Samuel Rossman, 
S. II. Pylc, Jonas Lipart, J. B. Deligc (colored), Jacob Bottorf, William 
E. Meek, Adam Felty, S. M. Stonebraker, Henry Gates, Samuel Marklo, 
John Archy, E. Housman, Peter Wolf, John Housman, Frederick Bot- 
toif, Davi.l Ro-enburg, James Snyder, Henry Bridge, George Crone- 
miller, Samuel Shearer, William H. Custaborder, Emanuel Erb, John 
Cnslaborder, Albert Waring, Emanuel Sunday, Thurman Cockindople, 
Wilson Gardner, George Kepler, John E. Thomas, James R. Jamison, 
Thomas Custaborder, Jesse Shroyer, Emanuel Bolinger, J. M, Ilubler, 
A. D. Uausman, Joseph Kellerman, John Rider, Theodore Weaver, 
Benjamin Corl, John Peon, Ellis Lytle, Jacob Krider, William E. Lyon, 
Daniel Benner. 

Half-Moon Township.— Tla.yii Matteru, Samuel Troy, D. A. Herman, 
Jeremiah Way, P. \V. Burkct, George Basor, George Ricker, Samuel 
Henderson (colored), John Griffin, .lohn G. McKinney, Samuel Ginse- 
more, I.V.Gray, Martin Gates, Isaac Beck, James Robinson, Wesley 
Miller (colored). 

Pallon TowiDtliip. — Jesse Fredericks, Jacob Houtz, John Mattern,John 
Kerner, William Reed, John Dillon, Samuel Wellere, Daniel Suilzer, 
Green Gray. David Moore, Charles Gummo, Daniel Zones, John Gainer. 

Second Distbict, composed of Potter, Guegg, Penn, Uai.nes, and 
PoWcr.— Richard Mulligan, Daniel Weaver, Jacob Dinges, George Sto- 
ver, Lafayette Neff, We C. Earner, John Strong, William Durst, James 
R. Foster, W. A. Murray, James M. Thompson, Adam Smith, Jacob 
Royer, George Garbrich, Joslah Taylor, Lewis Henry, William Royer, 
John Yager, Samuel Harpster, William Lee, Allen Bartholomew, Wil- 
liam Royer, John C. Fake, John R. Sawyers, \V, P. Parmer, Jonathan 

E. Royor, Samuel Slack, Levi Waltem, James Alexander, Joseph Bit- 
ncrs, Anthony Slater, John Barber, William Colcer, George B. Ilaui«l.r, 
Malchai Crotzer, Ailam, Oliver Lovo, Michael Coofarc, II. SI. 
Seltzer, Daniel McClintock, Thomas Raymond, Philip Dumt, Uriah t>. 
Assninn, John B. Ditner, James Ort, .liilin A. Mariz, .lohn WilkliiBon, 
Daviil Gingericli, S. G. Shannn, J. J. Farner, John Slack, H. Moyer, Jonoli 
Foot, George W. Shaffer, John Showers. 

Ore.TO.— John Rieni, J. W. C'onley, William F. Rarick, Perry Siglcr, 
Samuel Rininger,' William Gooilheart, Jacob Wolf, Ebonezcr Harriii, 
Michael Duck, Freilerick Jam son, J. B, Fisher, Reuben Clinc, James 
Duck, H. Snyder, William Neiss, P. S. Coonfer, Daniel Trcnler, David 
Breon, JaineH Breon, J. P. Ross, Percival Neirlioot, Amos Reedcr, S. J. 
Herning, H. Duck, A. G. Bnrrell, II. Zeigler, A. Yarick, Ellas JInrvey, 
Israel Yarick, Josejih Zeigler, William Ifoman, Peter Weaver, David 
Barree, Peter Smith, Samuel Jamison, George Grenoble, H. Roush, 
Thomas Decker. 

P<im.— David Meiss, U. Ulricli, Daniel Isenhuth, Elins Worf, P. S. 
Mnsser, John Ilarler, II. Keen, H. Kreamer. William Wortz (farmer), 
Uriah S. Weirich, Jonathan Sherman, Jacob Gepheart, John Trank, 
Philip High, II. H. Weisei-, George Royer, Elias Cojifer, Philip Krider, 
John Bairn, John Wirth, Enninuel Swartz, Solomon Denger, David Ettle, 
J. V. Forster, Daniel W. Si'igh, Elias Stover, George Smith, Jac. San- 
ders, H. M. Swiirtz, Samuel Wolf, George Isenhuth, Peter Rairich, Wil- 
liam Miller, Franklin Knorr, Jacob Fillz, J. II. Auman, Isaac Lcmg, 
Frederick Kathernnin, John Brought, Reuben Swartz, George Wolf. 

Hiu«es.—S. Ettinger, S. Fryer, A. Winkliblich, Benjamin Stover, Noah 
H. Weaver, John Benada, J. A. Haines, W. C. Hublcr, Israel Stover, 
William Oliver, John Thomas, Thomas Ehrhart, Isaac Neff, Charles 
Horner, Emanuel Mussei-, Charles Smith, Samuel Brown, G. W. Stover, 
Lewis Long, Jonathan Ilarter, Samuel Beaver, Aaron Weaver, John 
Martin, Thomas Harper, Geolge M. Stover, Andrew Bell, Israel Snyder, 
Adam Stover, Samuel Eby, Jacob Venada, John Royer, Absalom Musser, 
Daniel Lawher, Cornelius Bower. 

Miles— Hey. T. B. Buck, Daniel Long, Tliomas Shearer, Reuben Gram. 
ley, Joseph Burleigh, Charles Heinbach, Anthony Detler, H. W. Kreamer, 
John Geiser, H. R. Feidler, John Wolf, Augustus Kreamer, H. Gramley, 
John Ednian, II. Loophold, H. J. Simbert, W. J. Hosterman, John S. 
Beck, Reuben Kreamer, John Wolf, Peter Kerlin, George Raber, Hiram 
Stutterbich, Samuel R. Faust, William Tyson, Jonathan Auman. 
Third District — Walker, Howard, Liberty, Curtin, and Marion. 

TTaHier.— Michael Shubb, Benjamin Berk, Isaac Botley, Miller McCain, 
David Walkey, Daniel Johnst .n, J. A. Stover, Isaiah StiTible, Dovid 
Mechtley, George Neighart, Henry Yocum, William Sanders, John 
Sprowl, Adam Decker, J.acob Garbrich, I. J. Best, J. S. Swartz, Lot 
Struble, Ilezckiah Siu-ole, Benjamin Aston, H. S. Mitchel, Jacob Bryan, 
Jacob Harnish, William Orner, Joshua Butler, Jacob Harsliharger, John 
G. Shaffer, George Rlssman, C. C. Rodgers, Benjamin Winkleman, J. E. 
Hass, William Whippo, Daniel Miller, Absahiin Snyder, H. Showers, B. 
J. Sbaffor, Adam SUKeuu, William Smively, Isaac Hoffman, W. M. 
Dunkle, I. E. Long, Fr.ank Walker, Philip Gephart, Michael Miller, P. 
S. Yeager, John Bradly, Jarob Dunkle, Daniel Derman, W. W. Rodgers. 

HouKird.— Anthony Gallaher, A. S. llolter. Nathan liid.lle. Rev. J. B. 
Polsgrove, Hiram T. Lucas, Jacob Long, Joseph L. Holter, John G. 
WoHz, R. V. Butler, James Gallaher, John Bodle, Agnew aioore, Abra- 
ham Pyley, C C. Rodgers, Throden Rebor, David Cox, Bud Butler, Wil- 
liam Taylor. Robert Miles, Andrew Hallern, Thomas Taylor. 

ifterfy.— Daniel W. Ueroig, Samuel Boyer, Jacob Crotzer, Jacob Glnss- 
ingei-, William W. Spangler, Peter Martin, Joseph Thiunpson, John Long, 
James I. W'illiams, James R, Bomgardner, David B. Galbrailh, S. H. 
Kunes, Ch.arles Eolopin, James H. Fletcher, George W. Moon, John D. 
Thompson, Chailes A. Courier, H. Glossinger, Benjamin Liggilt. Thomas 
I.ingle, William Snyder, John C. Bowers, John Liggett, Tliomas SI. 
Bowes, Franklin L. Bechtol, Daniel Kline, Thomas Buller,CliarlesStall, 
Jolin Bard, J. B. Potts, Samuel P. Shank, Georgo W. Lucas, S. S. 

Ci"(fii.— John Confer, James Lucas, Joh^i H. Andereon, Siimuel Wat- 
kins, F. S. Welch, William James, Warren Lncas, Wm. Lucas, W. Birr. 

Jlfcirioii.— David Tanyer, J. K. Miller, Robert SIcAlment, Frank 
Streamer, Robert Harris, C. B. Sayer. Philip Haines, Daniel Keuly, 
D.aniel Gordon, William Garbrich, Juhii Beck, Isaac Rush, Nathan Beck, 
Samuel Shott, John Spade, Frank Buck. 

Fourth District — Boogs, Sxow Shoe, Union, Burnside, Milesburo, 


Bogt/s roipiisliji.— John L. Shope, R. V. Ammerman, Thomas Walker, 
Patrick Dalley, Matthias Evans, John Bricker, John Nyman, Williaw 



Letclms, Pavid Poovmnn, Alexander Duke, C. L. Murphy, Thomas Tye, 
E. Shrojer, G. W. Shope, James L. Butler, William Taylor, P. Hauley, 
Adam Ginger, A. Walker, William Eoae, M. Walker, James Heverly, U. 
C. Evans, George Funk, Jr., E. Poorman, William liiley, William Hiigg, 
Mlllon Nyman, Daniel Poorman, Elisha Walker, H. A. Butler, George 
Witherite, William Miller. 

Vition Toit'ntthip. — H. Hoover, D. Underwood, James Miller, D. Spfitta, 
Harris Kirk. Thomas Sensor, J. G. Hall, George Eastman, Ezra Fisher, 
T. Irvin, Harrison Way, U. Spotts, H. Meade, J. H. Shipley, 


! Till 

SnowSlioe Towmhip. — John Quick, Ottis Sherwood, John Bechtol, John 
Hagen, George Quick, Christian Cook, Joseph Rechtol, Jeremiah Sankey, 
Michael Coiiciy, Michael Joico, John Weaver, Diehard Swartz, Robert 
Ilazlett, Thomas Watson, John Delong, John Graham, James Beniier, 
Roland Bowes, William Freeze, William Dowe, John McCIoskey, John 
Ropp, John Dasey, John Solt. 

Uiirnside. — Jacob Reasoner, I. H. Bates, Martin Murphy, WMUiam 
Eckley, Silas Dixon, John Eisenhower, John Sarvey, John Miller, Roland 
Boas, R. C. Blulhollaiid, George R. Boak, Joseph Miller, Nicholas Kech- 
Der, George Fye, A. Eisenhower. 

Mileshtirg.—Jixmoa G. McMeen, W. C. Murray, W. T. Hall, Robert 
Reed, Robert Thompson, Ed. Mills (colored), Isaac Strong, Robert Burley, 
J, C. P. Jones. 

UiihnviUe. — James Somerville, Lawrence Petei"s, Jacob H. Smith, 
George Swartz, Harris Ammerman, Albert Ammernian. 

Fifth Distiiict, composed of Rush, Worth, Taylor, and Htiston. 

J?iis;i.— Theodore S. Adams, L. W. Johnson, R. M. Potter, Peter Moyer, 
Charles J. Adams. Heraan (colored), John D. Gill, A. J. McLellan, 
George Craljtrec, Juhn Bennett, Daniel McGrady, John Moore, James 
A. Lukius, H. P. Graham, Robert Gordman, John Glosser, John S. Funk, 
John Henchen (lolored), Frederick Ash, William Hodsou, Thomas F. 
Twiggs, John Crabtreo, David Siiolts, Martin Brooke, James Guncheon, 
Guslavus Hahan, Franklin Fox, William Gaylor. 

Word,.— J. W. Stanford, William Younger, hevi 3. Jones, James Mc- 
Monigal, C. Reese, George W. Miller, John W. Reese, Dennis Reese, 
John Stevens, Joseph Cowlier, Abraham France, Levi Reese, J. H. Cow- 
lier, James Wilson, James Carson, Abraham Clapper, Wilson Williams. 

rojlor.— Richard Langhton, Matthew Adams, William Thompson, 
Ebenezer Woomer, M. S. Fink, William Bichel, Joseph Cowher, John 
Miller, Borjamin Vanghem, W. 11. Adams, P. C. Spetler, Joseph 
Vaughem, W. K. Plumber, Edward 'Bechel, Thomas Connally, H. 
Woomer, Philip Hoover. 

Ha.toii.— Elijah Williams, Henry Lee, George W. Williams, John S. 
Thompson, Lereuzo Hartsock, Wilson Dillon, Calvin Williams, P. W. 
Hall, John Parsons, Martin Shirk, Valentine Boyer, Reuben Richards, 
Daniel Ycutliers. 

rii District — Bf.llefonte, Bexn 


Eelle/oule B-roiigh.—G. M. Yocnm, John Derry (colored), C. McAfferty, 
William Undei kotier, James Dolan, Rudy Powers, D.S.Wagner, J. Hney, 
Rev. Bernard, F. Loeli, Edward Blanchard, John Meise, J. D. Sliugert, 
Charles Green (colored), George F. Harris, Moses A. Loeli, P. Gray Meek, 
Jumes Swartz, H. H. Vandyke, G. W. Downing, Rev. Mauser, Thomas 
Doras, T. Green (colored), John Moran, William Ichoff, P. McAfTrey, J. 
Weaver, A. Banm, Jacob Williams (colored), N. M. Hoover, William 
Homer, Jeremiah Xolan, S. Lyan, A. Green (colored), Edward Mills 

BeiiiKT Toiemhip.—'W. J. Benner, E. Carver, Daniel Swartz, H. H. 
Poorman, William Mechtly, A. J. Tate, Elias Bristline, Jacob Dawson, 
William Hower, H. Laurimer, George Straub, William B. Turner, D. 
W. Power, A. Loneberger, S. F. Ishlcr, I. Emericli, H. Tresler, B. F. 
Fisher, J. R. Martin, M. Meise, M. Houscr, S. Carnoval, A. B. B'shel, J. 
Smith, Thomas Perdue, E. Roan, 0. P. Hassinger, J. Meise, Charles 
Resides, Levi Palf, George Seigle, Alexander Cartwright, William Meyer, 
J. M. Brown. 

Sfiriiiij roimiship.—A. Fyke, R. McAfferty, A. Fyke, W. H. Shank, A. J. 
Swartz, Philip Imniel, Isaac Haupt, I. Gill , Isaac Bliller, E. R, Noll, John 
Kimniey, D. Kauffman, James Brooks, A. Haupt, George Elmer, J. H. 
Ilickoff, J. B.Miller, J. H. Barnhart, G. W. Thomas, James Waddle, W. 
H. Mattern, John Wilson, William Jodon, H. Noll, Joseph Raphile, Wil- 
liam Jennings, George I. Keeler, M. Cunningham. D. M. Hubler, F. S. 
Heverly, Jesse Tanyer, William E. Miller, John Priester, John Musser, 
William Stewart, Bond V.ileiitiiie, Joseph Shirk, J. M. Keeler, S. Ray- 
mond, William Grove, George Drown, Jacob Gross, A. Tyson, J. Swartz. 

On the 15th of June the President called for one 
hundred tliousand men, to serve for six months, un- 
less sooner discharged, — fifty thousand from Pennsyl- 
vania, the invasion of the State by Gen. Lee's army 
being imminent. Governor Curtin immediately her- 
alded the call by a proclamation, and the next day, 
Tuesday, June 16th, a company was organized under 
Capt. Austin B. Snyder, and ready to march. Penn's 
valley responded forthwith, with a company com- 
manded by Capt. John Boal. These companies 
were organized into an independent battalion under 
Lieut.-Col. Robert Sitzinger, and served in Somerset 
and Bedford Counties, guarding the borders of the 
State, with headquarters at Berlin, Somerset Co. 
They were discharged the service Aug. 8, 1863. Two 
other companies, raised for the same service, com- 
manded by Capts. Dale and Houston, were mustered 
into the Forty-sixth Pennsylvania Militia, serving 
nearly two months. The assistant surgeon of the 
Forly-sixth, Dr. Eeuben Hunter, was also from 
Centre County. 

June 16 to Aug. 8, 1863. 
Capt, Austin B. Snyder; First Lieut., Thos. C. Crawford; Second Lieut , 
A. C. Furst ; Sergts., Daniel Seyden, Frank S. Wilson, E. M. Valen- 
tine, Mark McKean, Edmund Blanchard; Corps., Benjamin Eicli, 
Perry Campbell, John Moran, H. B. Hall, George F, Hariii, A. J. 
Griest, James Rosausteol, Win. B. Savage; Musician, John Mc- 


John M. Allison. 
Joseph Apt. 
J. B. Antes. 
P. B. Armor. 
James Armor. 
J. W. Bollinger. 
Edward Brown. 
Henry L. Crist. 
W. S. Cadwalader 
Thomas C. Croft. 
B. Comley. 
Eugene Carter. 
Calvin Chi 

J. Y. Dale. 
W.C. Davis. 
Wm. Echart. 
D, W. Eberhart. 
John Eckley. 
Jonathan Folk. 
W. P. Furey. 
John Folk. 
S. H . Free. 
C. H. Griftith. 
John Goodfellow. 
W. E. Griffith. 
Joseph Greist. 
Penn Greist. 
Charles Greist. 
H. P. Haupt. 
Frank Hillibush. 
Enoch Hastings. 
Charles Heichell. 
Samuel Harris. 
Harlan Hickten. 
James Hinton. 
Norman M. Uoovei 
George Hall. 
George Hoover. 
W. A. Hartsock. 

Hickman Ingram. 
Thos. J. Kurtz. 
W. W. Kephart. 
J. I. Keys. 
Eobert Keys. 
John Long. 
Andrew Loneberger. 
Edward Lipton. 
Isaac Mitchell. 
John Movvrey. 
Thomas Miles. 
.Tacob Myers. 
Richard Jlilea. 
Giatz Miles. 
Frank Miles. 
Frank Miller. 
George McBiide. 
G. H. McGuire. 
Wm. McCully, 
Henry McAllister. 
D. McClellan. 
Wm. McMullen. 
C. C. Proudfoot. 


1 Pars 

David Parsons. 
Byers Price. 
Tiionins Rothrick. 
John T. Reeder. 
John Eider. 
Wm. Rich. 
Isaac Strong. 
W. H. Swansey. 
C. C. Shirk. 
James Sulinell. 
Levi Stnuil. 
George Sharp. 
Alfred Smith. 
J. W. Shutledge. 
Joseph Smith. 



Jacob St.>ver. 
John Trciister 
Juc.ib D. Vale 
E. A. William 

James P. Willinms. 
George Willhims. 
Mesliack WilliamB. 
Gtoige U. Weaver. 



Sworn into the service at Berlin, Somerset Co., Juno 25th, 

pany D. 

Capt, John BoaI;l Ist Licnt., John B. llntcliinEon ; 20 Lieut., Andrew 
Gregg, Jr.; 1st Scrgt., W. P. Palmer; 2il Sergt., Alfred Dale; 3d 
Sergt., Morlimore longwell ; 4th Sergt., J. M. Clayton ; 6th Sergt., 
J. T. Earner; 1st Corp . John Barber; 2d Corp., John A. MonteliuB; 
3d Corp., Thomiison Barr ; 4tli Corp., John F. Van Valzali; Sth 
Corp., John I.Potter; 0th Corp., Thomas B. Hallahan; 7th Corp., 
James U. Forster; Sth Corp., John I. Thompsou. 


W.M. Atkinson. 
John Brant, 
r.euben Baker. 
Ilirnm Bates. 
James Bailey. 
D. W. Baker. 
Thomas U. Baker, 
ravid Barree. 
Richard Conley. 
George C. Cadwalader. 
John Campbell. 
Alexander Crane. 
J. A. Dubbs. 
Georgi E. Dcmuth., 
T. R. Davis. 


I Durst. 

K. H. Duncan. 
T. A. Elder. 
John Eaton. 
G. D.Gilliland. 
O.scar Greeu. 
K. Gahignn. 
John Goheen. 
Theodore Gordon. 
James Harkins. 
A. Boyd Henderson. 
Tlionias W. Ilutchini 

el Ha 


i V. Irwi 

John n. Miller. 
71. W. Morrow. 
William Marshman. 
John E. Murray. 
Samuel Blayes. 
Thomas Mayes. 
J. A. McClay. 
J. L. McClanahan. 
S. S. Myer. 
Frank Milliken. 
C. A. Newhall. 
U. Osman. 
James Osman. 
Williitm S. Palmer. 
S. P. Palmer, Jr. 
W. W. Parry. 
B. C. Patterson. 
John Peters. 

T. I. Russell. 

Jacob Rohm. 

A.J. Shires. 

J. A. Seidle. 

J. W. Sweetword. 

Henry Y. Stitzer. 

Stewart Savior. 

A. C. Smith. 

John Shoop. 

Eobert A. Sankey. 

Samuel Tresher. 

Martin Triester. 

J. M. Thompson, Surgeo 

T. C. Van Tries. 

George Wasson. 

P. E. Wilson. 

William Worl. 

James Weaver. 

John J. Williams. 

John Young. 

H. U. Yarnell. 

Fiank B. liett. 

T. Johnson. 

W. M. Jthnsonbangh. 

J. C. Johnsonbaugh. 

J. Kisterbock. 

Miles T. Ketuer. 

G. Letterman. 

J. H. Lee. 

James I. Lytle. 

Williaoj P. Lackey. 

July 1, 1863, to August 19, 1863. 
Company A. 
Capt., William P. Dale; 1st Lieut., .Tames I. Koss; 2d Lieut., B. J. La- 
pute ; Sergts., W. N. Mayes, T. Weaver, Hugh A. McGonigle, Henry 
Bridge ; Corps., D. K. Stonebreaker, E. W. Erb, Joseph Ward, Robert 
Cox, Samuel U. Bailey, J. M.Cooper; Musicians, A. E. Clempsou, 
John G. Hess. 


John Adams. 
D. B. Allen. 
John G. Arcliey 
John Bail. 
W. H. Bailey. 
Robert G. Brell, 


John M. Barr. 
■William Cole. 
John Chase. 
Joseph B. Erb. 
Jesse R. Flora. 
Thomas Glenn. 

1 Capt. John Boal was commissioned captain in the Ninety-second 
Pennsylvania, or Ninth Cavalry, and was killed at Averysboro', N. C, 
March 10, 1805; buried in National Cemetery at Raleigh, sec. 20, grave 
No. 53. 

W. B. Glenn. 
Wilson Gardner. 
Thomas Gates. 
George W. Harpste 
George Ilarpster. 
N. H. Irvih. 
S. C. KaMupfer. 
Patrick Langhlin. 
John S. Lytle. 
Ellis Lytle. 
Miles M. Mayes. 
Mai tin L. Miller. 
Joseph Myers. 

John S. McCurdy. 
Nowton B. McBIurray. 
C. B. McDonald. 
Jacob Nicholas. 
Solomon Palmer. 
Ellis Pouat. 
David N. Bhodr «. 
Sidney P Scliall. 
John E. Thojnua. 
Simon Ward. 
Robert L. Williams. 
Joseph M. Worts. 


Capts., C. F. Huston (pro. licut.-col. July 8, 1803), W. A. Thomas; Ist 
Lieut,, C. M. Kephart; 2d Lieut., John F. Weaver; sergts., John R. 
Tate, James G. Marshall, Joseph R. Irwin, Bond Valentine, Simon 
Loeb; Corps., W. S. Tate, P. J. Haines, Levi Miller, J. S. Harding, 
W. R. Jenkins, David W. Weaver, B. F. Hinton, Henry Hotter, 
Joseph H. Huston (pro. to hospital steward July 8, 1803) ; Musiciaiis, 
Samuel H. Cook, William Hoy. 


Thomas Askey. George W. Morris. 

Robert Adams. John Miller. 

Samuel T. Askey. John W. Miller. 

Dezra Billot. William R. Miller. 

Gilbert S. Baruett. John Martin. 

A. L. Belts. Isaac Midlany. 
Samuel Bike. Thomas Norman. 
Josiah H. Brown. D. W. Powers. 
Sylvester Bambough. Michael Packer. 
Frederick W. Carson. William Packer. 
John A. Close. William Pheasant. 
John A. Callahan. David W. Pletcher. 
John Dunkleberger. James Rowan. 
Reuben, Fishburn. Simon Roush. 

E. P. Foresman. Thomas Reed. 

John Fye. John Rossman. 

John N. Frazier. Jesse Stewart. 

Samuel Gault. Mailan Saylor. 

Taylor Gunsalus. S. P. Swarlz. 

B. F. Hoy. Jacob Sizer. 
A. B. Hughes. James Stine. 
Philip L. Haines. Isaac Thomas. 
Edward Ide. Joseph P. Thompson. 
Alfred Kinsloe. Geo. W. Weaver. 
Adolphus Loeb. Elias Wallizer. 
John Long. John A. Yearger. 
Daniel E. Little. 

The Democratic Convention wliicli met in August 
was presided over by Col. Reuben Keller, Fred. Kurtz, 
of Potter, and D. H. Yeager, of Snow Shoe, secre- 
taries. Cyrus T. Alexander, Esq., was nominated for 
Assembly; James H. Lipton, of Milesburg, for pro- 
thonotary; J. P. Gephart, o/ Millheim, for register 
and recorder; John Shannon, for treasurer ; Richard 
Conley, for sheriff; James Forsmaii, for county com- 
missioner; J. W. Snyder, of Ferguson, for auditor; 
and the nomination of Hon. George W. Woodward 
for Governor was indorsed. 

*The Republican Convention nominated for Assem- 
bly, R. H. Forster; Sheriff, James Dunlap ; Treas- 
urer, George H. Weaver; Protbonotary, John T. 
Johnston; Register and Recorder, Samuel Haupt; 
Commissioner, John McCalmont ; Auditor, James 

Governor Curtin bad beeti renominated by the Re- 
publican State Convention, and Daniel Agnew nom- 



inated for Judge of the Supreme Court against Hon. 
W. H. Lowrie. Governor Curtin's majority in tlie 
State was 15,435. Woodward and Lowrie's vote in 
Centre County were 3058 respectively ; Curtin, 2714; 
Agnew, 2680 ; and the whole Democratic County 
ticket was elected by an average majority of 300. 

Colored Soldieri. — In the Sixth Regiment, United 
States Colored, we find the following names of Centre 
County soldiers in Companies F and G, Aug. 26, 
1863, to Sept. 20, 1865 : 

Dprr.v, Winhini, BeUefoiito ; kiUcd at Petersburg July 8, lSG-1. 

Green, William, Bellefonte: discli. Sept. 20, 1SC5. 

Dclige, Alexander, Patton. 

Di'lige, Hartsock, Patton ; died at Wilmington, N. C, Aug. 3, 1SG3. 

Joliusfun, Washington, Bellefonte ; discli. July 12, 1865 

Johnston, Jloses, Bellefonte ; drowned in James liiver Aug. 29, 1804. 

Lee, Benjamin, Bellefonte. 

Lee, Charles, Show Shoe, Corp.; disch. Sept. 20, 1805. 

Miles, Lewis, Bellefonte; disch. Sept. 20, 1865. 

■Whitten, John C, Bellefonte. 

Whitton, John, Patlon. '» 

Worley, Aaron C, Bellefonte. 

As an addendum of the military history may be 
placed a partial list of soldiers buried in Bellefonte, 
in the Union, Quaker, New and Old Catholic Ceme- 
teries : 

Col. George Dare, 511i Pa. Kes. Vol. 

Capt. Richard Dinsmore, 5th Pa. Res. Vol. 

Capt. McKean Buchanan, U.S.N. 

Capt. Evan Buchanan. 

Capt. Sanuiel L. Barr, l-48th Pa. Vol. 

Lient. James B. Cool;, H8th Pa. Vol. 

Lieut. Hardinan Petriken, 5th Pa. Res. Vol. 

Lient. H. II. Lingle, Auderaon Cav. 

Lient. John A. Bayard, 148th Pa. Vol. 

Lient. A. Giaffins, U.S.A. 

Lieut. I. Mnsser, 148th Pa. Vol. 

Lieut. H. Erhard, 14Sth Pa. Vol. 

Lieut. Sol.imoii Norman, 184th Pa. Vol. 

Lieut. C. M. Kephart, IClh P.a. Cav. 

Lient. Daniel Pruner, lOlh Pa. Cav. 

Lieut. William Lambert, U.S.C.T. 

Robert Gordon, Andersou Cav. 

Henry McAllister, 148th Pa. Vol. 

Charles Burnside, U.S.N. 

Irwin Keys, 184th Pa. Vol. 

Joseph G. Stone, 45tli Pa. Vol. 

James Ford, l.itli Ind. Vol. 

Edward Bland, 2d Pa. Cav. 

Timothy Sexton, 1st Pa. Cav. 

Joseph Fulton, 2d Pa. Cav. 

Stanley Keys, 1st Pa. Cav. 

Samuel McKinney, 2d Pa. Cav. 

John H. Kline, 148lli Pa. Vol. 

Samuel Butler, 148lh Pa. Vol. 

Jerry O'Leary, 2d Pa. Vol. 

Jacob V. Miller, 45th Pa. Vol. 

Daniel Crathian, regiment unknown. 

Charles K. Bullock, 2d Pa. Vol. 

Jacob Zimmerman, 7lh Pa. Cav. 

Ciipt. Charles H. Hale, 19th Inf. U.S.A. 

A. C. Stiner, 4th Pa. Vol. 

John Light, 93d Pa. Vol. 

"William Eccard, regiment unknown. 

John L. Given, 131st Pa. Vol. 

Sauiuel McKinney, 3d Pa. Vol. 

James M. Ward, 40th Pa. Vol. 

Michael Hazel, regiment unknown. 

Andrew Hazel, regiment unknown. 

0. N. Mo.ire, regiment unknown. 

James Hinton, 46lh Pa. Vol. 

Charles McBride, 1st Bat. Pa. Mil. 
A. W. Bayard, Pa. Mil. W.arof 1812. 
William Armor, Pa. Mil. War of 1812. 
Sebastian Wliitmer, Pa. Mil. War of 1812. 
David Mitchell, U. S. N. War of 1812. 
Austin Alexander, 45tb U.S.C.T. 
Wil.TOn Williams, U.S.C.T. 
Lewis Mills 6tb U.S.C.T. 
Edward Mills, 0th U.S.C.T. 

Wednesday morning, January 20th, occurred the 
greatest fire ever known in Bellefonte, burning up the 
BrockerhoflF row, the Pennsylvania House, 
kept by John Copenhaver, and what was 1864. 
known as the Arcade, which included W. F. 
Reynold's bank, Orvis and Alexander's law-offices. 
Dorr's store, and Sternberg's. In the Brockerhoff 
row were Mr. Brockerhoff's store, Harris' drug-store, 
McClellan's tailoring establishment, Livingston's 
book-store, Montgomery & Sons' tailoring estttblish- 
ment. The fire raged from one until six in the 

Dr. Evan Pugh, president of the Agricultural Col- 
lege, died April 29th, aged thirty-six years and ten 
months. He was born in East Northampton town- 
ship, Chester County, of Welsh descent, and of the 
fifth generation from the emigrant ancestor, John 
Pugh, from whom both of his parents were descended. 
In the autumn of 1853 he went to Europe and spent 
four years in the universities of Leipsic, Gottingen, 
Heidelberg, and in Paris, and became distinguished 
especially in the department of practical chemistry. 
On his return in the autumn of 1859 he assumed the 
presidency of the Farmers' High School, now the 
State College. During the summer of 1863, while re- 
turning from a business trip at night, he was thrown 
over an embankment and received injuries from which 
he never fully recovered. His energy, however, never 
flagged. On 23d of April, 1864, he lectured before 
the senior class, and then endeavored to complete a 
communication he was preparing to lay before the 
Legislature, but the hand of death was upon him. 

Dr. Pugh was gifted with a mind of unusual vigor, 
enriched by ripe scholarship and varied culture, and 
to these he united a temper genial, fearless, and just, 
and a mature judgment. He was passionately fond 
of scientific research, yet had the talent of felicitous 
instruction and of successful administration. He was 
distinguished for high-toned purity in thought and 
deed. He was married, Feb. 4, 1864, to Miss Rebecca 
Valentine, of Bellefonte, and his mortal remains rest 
in the cemetery of Bellefonte, awaiting the resurrec- 
tion of the just. 

The following soldiers from Centre County were 
enlisted by Capts. Patterson and Weaver, in Febru- 
ary and March, 1864: 

Adams, John, Bellefonte ; Co. B, 148th Regt.; trans, to Vet. Kes. Corps; 

disch. July 13, 1865. 
Allen, George N., Harris; Co.C, 148th Regt. ; wounded at Po River May 

10, 1864 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps ; disch. Nov. 21, 1865. 
Austin, George W., Walker; 201h Pa. Cav. 
Baker, Daniel W., Co. C, 14Sth Regt. ; disch. June 30, 1865. 
Beverly, Charles, 45th Regt. 



Bollorf, Ilonry A., Harris ; Co. G, 148tli Regt. ; discli. Juno 30, 1805. 
Bill liner, Ansliii, Bellcfontf, 14811i Regt. 

Bullock, Hurry (J., Bellufuiilo; Co. B, 148lli Kegt. ; disch. Feb. 18, 1864. 
Cluplmni, John, Harris; Co. A, 148tli Regt. ; diseh. June 30, I8G3. 
Close, William H., Potter; Co. 11, 148lh Regt. ; wouuJeJ at Spottsylva- 

nia May 10, 1804 ; iliscli. June 8, 1805. 
Confare, Henry, Co. D, 148tli Regt. ; killed at Petersburg March 25, 18G5 ; 

buried in Poplar Grove Cemetery, div. C, sec. H, grave 12., Andrew N., Harris ; Co. C, 148lh Regt.'; disch. June 8, 186.5. 
Bale, William, Ilarria; 148tli Rest. 
Davis, Tlioma.1 R., Harris; Co. D, 148th Regt.; wounded and captured at 

Ream's Station, Va., Aug. 25, 1804; disch. June 3, 1S68. 
Draucher, Alexander J., Walker; Co. B, H81h Regt.; wounded at 

Spottsylvania May 10, 1864; disch. June 5, 1865. 
Fishel, Ilonry, Bellefonto; Co. B, 148th Regt.; wounded May 12, 1804; 

trans, to 2d Vet. Res. Corps March 14, 1805. 
Fulton, Robert, Bellefonte; Co. H, 148ih Regt.; wounded Sept. 10, 1804. 
rulton, Wm. H., Harris; Co. G, 14Sth Regt.; wounded at Spottsylvania 

May 12, 1864 ; disch. July 21, 1S05. 
Funk, John T., Harris; Co. H, 148lh Regt.; Fob. 7, 1864, to June 1,1865. 
Funk, Samuel M., Harris; Co. H, 14Slh Kegt.; Feb. 7, 1804, to June 1, 

Gahiigan, Lewis, Harris; Bat. G, I. 11. Art, 
G.isbrick.W. H., Walker; Co. G, USthRegt.; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps; 

disch. Aug. 11, 1865. 
Gates, Tlionias J., Harris ; Co. G, 148th Regt. ; disch. July 15, 1865. 
Gaiilt, .John J., Belleronle; Ist Pa. Cav. 
Gilbert, Moses, Polter; Co. A, 1481 h Regt.; wounded at Spottsylvania 

May 12, 1804 ; disch. June 1, 180.'.. 
Gilbert, Noah, Bellefonte; Co. A, llsih Regt. ; killed at Po River May 

10, 1864. 
Griffith, Rufus, Potter; Co. D, 451h Regt.; disch. Juno 23, 1S65. 
Gross, John, Walker ; 20lh Pa. Cav. 
Haldalniin, Balser, Walker; 201h Pa. Cay. 
Ilaldiiman, Samuel, Walker; 20tli Pa. Cav. 
llanier, Samuel, Harris ; Go. G, 148th Regt. ; killed near Peterehurg, Va., 

Oct. 20, 1804. 
Huuael, Benjamin, Walker; Co. G, HStli Regt.; disch. May 15, 1805. 
Irvin, Tliomas H., Harris; Co. B, 148lli Rigt. ; disch. Aug. 18, 1805. 
Johnitonbaugli, J. C , Harris; Co. C, 14Slh licgt.; June 10, 1865. 
KL-lltrman, William H., Harris; Co. 11, llStli Regt.; wounded May 10, 

1804, at Po River; disch. May oil, 1800. 
tucas, William, Potter; 4oth Pa. Regt. 

Mc.Mlister, Henry V., Bellefonte ; Co. D, USIli R.'gt. ; died at Bellefonte 
August 11th, of wounds received .it Cold Harbor, Va., June 3, 1864. 
JlcClain, George W., Patton; 148th Rigt. 
McColse, Samuel, Harris ; 148lh B .gt. 
SIcGuire, John, Bellefonte ; 148th Regt. 

Mayes, Lewis C, Harris ; Co. C, 148tli liegt. ; captured at Boydton Plank- 
Road Oct. 27, 1804; died at Salisbury, N. C, Nov. 21, 1804. 
Mayland, Robert, Bellefonte; 148th llegt. 
Miller, John W., Potter; Co. H, 1481li Rest.; June, 1805. 
Jlorris, George W., Walker; lOtli Pa. Cav. 
Noll, John, Spring ; 19lh Cav. 
Pennington, II. C, Spring; 43th Regt. 

Pool man, Janios, Bellefonto ; Co. B, 148th Regt. ; June, 1805. 
Potter, George W., Spring; 45lh Pa. 
Power, Daniel, Potter; 19th Pa. Cav. 
Bnger, Samuel J , Harris; Co. G, 148ih Regt. ; captured near Petersburg 

Oct. 27, 1804 ; died at Salisbury, N. C-, July 27, 1865. 
Reeder, John F., Bellefonte ; Co. A, 148th Regt. ; June, 1864. 
Kiddle, Matthew, Spring; Co. A, 45th Pa.; pro. to Corp. Jan. 1,1865; 

sergt. Juue27, 1805; must, out July 17, 1805. 
Sellers, James C, Harris ; Co. G, 14Slh Regt. ; June 30, 1865. 
Shearer, James W., Harris ; 1481h Regt. 
Sl.ively, John W., Bellefoute ; Co. A, 148th Kegt. ; disch. Sept. 2, 1804, 

on surg. certif. 
Shoop, William P., Harris; 14S(h Regt. 
Showers, George, Walker; 148tli Regt. 

Sleese, James A., Bellefonte; Co. H,14Slh Regt.; June 21, 1805. 
Stewart, Josiah, Spring; 19th Cav. 
Stonebreaker, Jeremiah, Bellefonte; Co. H, 148th Regt.; wounded at Five 

Forks Blarch 31, 1805 ; disch. June 1, 1805. 
Stouebreakcr, Valentine, Bellefonte ; Feb. 10, 1804 ; disch. May 10, 1865. 
Sunday, .lacob W , Bellefonte; Co. B, 148lh Regt. ; June 30, 1865. 
Tate, Eli P., Harris; Co. C, 14Sth Regt.; wounded at Five Forks March 
31 , 1805 ; trans, to Co. K, 63d Pa. 

Walker, George N., Potter; Co. B, 148tli Regt.; wounded at Po Bivcr 
May 1(1, 1804, and at Five Forks March 31, 1865; dUch. June 10, 

Walkor, John D., Potter; 148th Regt. 

Wassoii, George, Harris; Co. G, 148th Regt.; disch. June 30, 180.5. 

Wliippo, Williiini, Walker; 20th Pa. Cav. 

Williams, Robert, Potter; 148lli Regt. ; afterwards Co. K, 53d Regt. 

Wortz, William II., Potior; Co. B, 148th Regt. ; Juno 30, 1805. 

Yearger, ,Min A., Bellefonte; ist Pa. Cav. 

Young, John T., Harris; Co. G, 148th Regt. ; June 30, 1863. 

When the One Hundred and Fortj'-eighth was 
mustered out, June 1, 180-5, terms liad 
not expired were transferred to the Fifty-tliird Penn- 
sylvania, and served therein until the muster out-of 
that regiment, June 30, 186.5. 

The brave determination and wonderful phvsical 
endurance of William H. Kellerman, whose name 
appears upon the above list, deserves a place among 
these records of soldiers from Centre County. In an 
assault made on the 27tb of October, 18G4, by a de- 
tachment of one hundred men from the One Hundred 
and Forty-eighth, Kellerman was cut oft', and unable 
to regain our lines. Determined not to be captured, 
he concealed himself among some low bushes, and 
the enemy advanced tlieir picket guard beyond him. 
He remained concealed for eight days, subsisting on 
roots and barks. The cold was so severe that his feet 
were badly frozen. On the evening of the eighth day 
the rebels were late in posting their guard, and Kel- 
lerman succeeded in crawling and rolling himself 
outside of their line. By careful nursing and medi- 
cal treatment he recovered. Gen. Meade, admiring 
his fortitude, gave him thirty days' furlough. 

In September, 1864, Capt. Wilson P. Palmer, of 
Potter's Mills, raised a company partly in Centre 
County. This became Company G of the Two Hun- 
dred and Tenth Pennsylvania, Col. William Sergeant, 
organized Sept. 24, 1864, and mustered out May 30, 
1865. Capt. Palmer had been a sergeant in Capt. 
Frank W. Hess' company, and as one of the captured 
of the company experienced the miseries of prison 
life for nearly a year in the South, from July 3, 1S61, 
to May 25, 1862. The following list embraces only 
those members of Company G who were from Centre 
County : 

Wilson P. Palmer, capt, Potter's Mills. 

John Berry, 2d lleut. ; from private Sept. 18, 1864 ; wounded at Hatcher's 

Run, Va., Feb. 0, 1805 ; pro. to 1st lieiit May 10, 1805. 
John Barber, Ist sergt; from private Jan. 1, ISO.'.; com. 2d lient. May 

10, 1805. 
Jolin Palmer, sergt., Potter's Mills. 

William S. Shires, Potter's Mills. . 

John C. Faber, Potter's Mills; died MaylO, ISOo; buried in National 

Cemetery, Arlington, Va. 
Andrew II. Foust, corp. 
Richard Newman, Corp. 
Potter Tate, Corp. 

Robert R. Pott, Corp.; killed at Gravelly Run, Va , March 31, 1865. 
Thomas T. Palmer, musician. 

Baree, David. 
Campbell, Samuel E. 
Evans, Lot R. 
Kaistetter, John. 
McCloskey, Edward J. 


McConnick, John J. 
Oberdorf, Henry C. 
Oberdorr,John C. 
Osnnin, Israel. 
Rockey, Jacob, 



Baymond, Solomon B. Toner, William II. 

Sliaffer, Washington. Watson, James B. 

.Stover, William H., woniided; dis- Wilkinson, John. 

charged by gen. order June 24, 


In May, 1864, quite a number of men were enlisted 
in Centre County by Abraham V. Miller, Calvin Wolf, 
H. C. Pennington, for the One Hundred and Eighty- 
F9urth Regiment, Col. John H. Stover, who was pro- 
moted from major of the One Hundred and Sixth 
Penn.sylvania. Col. Stover was wounded at Peters- 
burg and Ream's Station, and was mustered out with 
the regiment July 14, 1865. George H. Stover was 
quartermaster, and mustered out with the regiment. 

Company E was enlisted in Centre County, and was 
under the actual command of Abraham V. Miller, of 
Pleasant Gap, until he was wounded, June 22, 1864. 

Francis Jones, trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Feb. 25, 186.5. 
Thomas Shaffer, from corp. August 31st; must, out July 14, 1805. 
John II. Tate, from. Corp. December 30lh ; must, out July 14, 18G5. 
Isaac N. KeynolJs, from corp. March 1, 1805 ; must, out July 14, 1805. 
Samuel Eihold, May 1, 1865; must, out July 14, 1805. 
William C. McCaulay, killed at Cold Harbor June 3, 1804. 
William H. Shank, died at Salisbury, N. C, Dec. 18, 1804. 

George W. Strawser, July 14, 1805. 
Daniel Jones, July 14, 1805. 
Frederick Smith. 

James Harkins, wounded at Cold Harbor June 8, 1804. 
Stanley Watson, disch. Feb. 20, 1805. 
Alexander Park, died at Eichmond June 30, 1804, of wounds received at 

Petersburg June 22d. 
John A. Close, died June 23, 1805. 
Stephen Cannon, captured Aug. 14,1804. 

Albright, William H., July 14, 1865. 
Armstrong, .lushua, died July 23, 1864, at Washington, D. C; buried in 

Arlington Cemetery. 
Baker, John C, disch. April 23, 1865. 

Barger, Williiim, prisoner from June 22, 1804 ; disch. May 29, 1866. 
Barrett, George M., captured June 22, 18G4. 
Beamer, Samuel, captured; died at Andersonville Sept. 15, 1804; grave 

Bearman, Frederick, prisoner Sept. 28, 18G4, to March 14, 1865. 
Bennett, John H., captured Juno 22, 1804 ; died at Andersonville Feb. 17, 

1805; grave 12,005. 
Botlorf, John, June 14, 1805. 
Bridge, William C, disch. Juno 10, 1805. 

Carpouter, Henry, died June 4, 1805; bilried at Arlington, Va. 
Carver, Henry, captured June 22, 1804; died at Milieu, Ga. ; buried in 

Lawton National Cemetery, sec. 8, grave 19. 
Felzer, Michael, trans, to Vet. Kes. Corps., William M., killed at Cold Harbor Jun'e 4, 1804. 
Hick, Lafa.vette, died at Andersouvillo July 30, 1804; grave 4307. 
Folk, Joshua. 

Friel, MiHiacl, July 14, 1805. 
Fry, Matlock, July 14, 1805. 
Funk, George W., discb. Juno 15, 1805. 
Gay, Nicholas. 

Gingery, David, disch. April 8, 1805. 
Groddie, Henry, captured Aug. 14, 1864, Deep Bottom. 
Haines, John, died at Andersonville Oct. 4, 1804; grave 10,284. 
Ilalderman, John, July 14, 1865. 

Henderson, David, -wounded June 4, 1864, at Cold Harbor. 
Hemy, Isaac, Juno 14, 1865. 
Henry, John, June 14, 1865. 
Henry, Lewis, June 14, 1805. • 

Kays, J. I. G., Co. G ; died at Milosbivg Jan. 26, 1869. 
Kays, Itobert, killed at Cold Harbor June 4, 1804. 

Loder, Alexander, disch. Juno 3, 1865. 

Lucas, Andrew, July 14, 1805. 

Lucas, William, July 14, 1865. 

McMullen, William N., July 14, 1865. 

Marklcy, Ellas, died at Wjishiugton Dec. 30, 1664. 

Mull, Christian, July 14, 1865. 

Murphy, John E., July 14, 1865. 

Musser, Theodore F., July 14, 1865. 

Park, James, killed at Cold Harbor June 3, 1864. 

Penrose, Solomon, killed at Petersburg June 27, 1801. 

Powers, Isaac, died at Washiugton of wounds received at Petersburg 

June 27, 1804. 
Rhine, Joseph, trans, to Vet. Corps. 
Rhue, David, July 14, 1865. 
Kider, John, May 15, 1863. 
Roar, Daniel, captured June 27, 1864. 
Roar, Sampson, captured Aug. 14, 1864. 
Robinson, David, July 14, 1805. 

Robinson, William, captured Aug. 25, 1804, at Ream's Station. 
Roush, Simon P., captured Juno 22, 1864. 
Seemore, William, captured June 22, 1864. 
Sennett, John, captured Aug. 14, 1864. 
Shaffer, John, disch. May 15, 1865. 
Shank, Michael G., roust, out July 14, 1803. 
Spitzer, Daniel C, must, out July 14, 1805. 

Stauffer, William R., trans, to Vet. Res. Corps; disch. Sept. 13, 1865. 
Steel, Jacob, July 14, 1805. 
Stine, John B., died at Washington July 3, 1864. 
Stinglo, Lewis, killed June 1, 1S64, accidentally. 
Swineford, Henry, disch. June 7, 1803. 
Turner, Tliomas, July 14, 1S65. 
Walker, George. 
Watson, George, killed June 12, 1864, at Petersburg, Va.; diviiion C, 

section D, grave 46, Poldar Grove. 
Watson, John, captured June 22, 1804. 
Watson, Thomas, must, out July 14, 1865. 

Welch, Walker C, died of wounds received at Petersburg June 22, 1804. 
W'elters, Asa H,, captured June 22, 1804. 
Witiuer, John E., disch. Feb. 1, 1305. 
Worley, James L., captured Aug. 25, 1804. 
Wolf, Fisher C, disch. June 7, 1864. 
Wolf, Jacob H., July 14, 1805. 
Young, John H., trans, to Norlhwest Department Nov. 18, 1864. 

Foust, William L., killed at Petersburg June 22, 1864; buried at Poplar 

Grove, division C, section D, grave 109. - 
Gault, Samuel, Jr., taken at Ream's Station Aug. 25, 1804 ; exchanged 

March 13, 1865 ; in Libby, at Belle Isle, Va., and at Salisbury, N. C. ; 

must, out June 14, 1865.' 
Renninger, John, captured; died at Salisbury, N. C, Oct. 20, l.*64. 
Stickler, John, July 14, 1865. 
Shirk, Samuel, July 14, 1805. 
Thomas, Joseph L., July 14, 1805. 


Rl'SH: E.NEOLLED 153; Drawn 30. 

R. Everets, H. Antes, J. W. Adams, C. R. Foster, H. Dorey, T. Iliiison, 

D. a. Smith, T. B. Poller, Reynolds Everets, N. Bostander, William 
Adams, William lloslin, A. Mattey, J. M. Wagner, J. D. Gill, W. S. 
Sterret, A. Hancock, T. Stevenson, U. Hinton, J. Eakley (colored), J. K. 
Nichols, D. Edminson, T. Archey, D. Hudson, J. Williamson, M. Welsh, 

E. M. Beal, L. J. Batchlur, J. Murphy, J. D. Lydia, P. Sigfarty, A. 
Harter, William Ayers, A. J. llershey, Cliarles Martin, B. S. Craiu. 

BoGGS: Enrolled 171; Drawn 34. 
Patrick Hanley, Lewis Watson, George W. Watson, A. C. Checseman, 
B. Lucas, William Besides, William Yearicks, L. G. Cartwright, Samuel 
Gonser, John Delany, Adam Walker, William Miller, E. M. Poorman, 
A. Bartlirop, William Rose, H.A.Butler, Andrew Lucas, D. M. Poor- 
man, R. Iddings, Joseph Naff, D. D. HoUohaugh, Samuel Charles, John 

1 Of the Gault family the father, SainM, Sr., was killed at Freder- 
icksburg Dec. 13, 1802 ; two other sous, John and James, were in Fii-st 
Pennsylvania Cavalry, Forty-fourth Pennsylvania. James was wounded 
five times, and carries a Minic-ball in his body. 



Bryan, Jr., II. V. Ammciman, U. F. Shope, John Riley, C. Shearer, H. 
n. Holt, J. H. Thomas, S. Bathurat, Jackaon Fltzer, II. L. B.ithurst, 
Williiim Curtin, John Eoush. 

ToTTEK: Enrolled 229; Draws 29. 
William C. Farner, William Zettler, J. Armstrong, J. Bctner, J. Shan- 
non, D. Kimpoit, William Myera, John Snyder, V. Moor, J. C. Boal, D. 
Keen, George Wan-en, Martin Seitzel, Jainea Armegast, J. B. Flesner, 
George llofl'er, Joseph Sliiigle, Samuel Reesman, John Snyder, John 
Mover, .lamea McClintock, 11. Fry, John Hannah, M. D. Osnicr, John 
Slack, William L. Holmes, Jacob Strohm, John Johnson, John Garner. 

Miles: E.nrdlled 127; Drawn 18. 

John Worth, John Harper, John F. Beck, Samuel Franli, Daniel 
Ruush, Joel Morris, H. W. Kreamer, William Krouse, Samuel Drnni- 
cart, John K. Burkct, Charles Isleman. James Gramley, Joel Doobler, 
Thomas Charles, Daniel Gravely, Charles Bate, C. Mooding, Jonathan 

Howard: Enrolled 141; Drawn 17. 

C. Dehaas, James Butler, E. Packer, J. Delhi, John Packer, Jr., John 
W. Bower, N. Foy, William Foy, Thomas Cox, B. Miles, B. V. Butler, 
Joseph Packer, B. Bland, D. B. Fletcher, H. Bickcl, Theodore Miller, 
R. Bowes. 

Uaines: Enrolled 130; Drawn 17. 

W. W. Bell, H. Althous, William Stover, William Condo, .Joshua 
Sherman, B. Kar.<tetter, L. Steers, J. Harper, M. Bower, John Kreamer, 
Jacob Reed, William N. Weaver, L. Stover, Samuel Bricker, Israel 
Stover, Israel Stover, M. Stover. 

Snow Shoe : Enrolled 89 ; Drawn 17. 

Charles Smith, John T. Clark, George Livingston, Daniel McDivit, 

George Weaver, John, A. Crissman, Daniel Little, H. H.Lucas, 

Patrick Longhery, A. Haut, Daniel Fi-ieze, Richard Swartz, Edward 

Foresman, Joliu Uagan, Ale.\ander Watkins, William Frieze. 

Curtjn: Enrolled G2; Drawn 17. 

C. Dehnas, K. Watkins, S. C. Brickly, S. Glassuer, John Brown, Levi 

Danghenbangh, H. Watkins, W. Tipton, N. McCluskey, J. P. Dehaas, 

L. W., James M. Packer, D. M. Shank, John Wanlzell, H. Prince, 

D, McCloskey, William Dicky. 

Huston: Enrolled 50; Drawn 14. 
E. W. Hall, Joseph Noel, William Nelson, H. Lee, Jesse Williams, 
Thomas Bennett, John Paisolis, E. W. Kelterman, — . C. Henderson, 
B. Steward, —. S. Thompson, John Sliver, D. 

William S. Willit 

P.itton: Enrolled 5:i: Drawn 11. 
Aaron Delige (col), Jacob Hicks, Daniel Jones, John Hight, John 
Moran, Jacob Beehre, Daniel Wallois, Green Gray, H. Gross, George 
Biddlc, James Biddle. 

Taylor: Enrolled 57; Drawn 9. 
B. Crane, L. Merryman, R. Hendeison, M. Vickery, T. Pink, P. Spit- 
ter, James Vanghan, William Calderwood, George Vaughan, 

Worth ; Enrolled 64 ; Drawn 8. 
B. B. P. Gill, W'illiam Decker, A. Clapper, J. W. Slanport, Job Wil- 
liams, II. Woodriiig,0. M. McGrady, William Young. 

Union : Enrolled C9; Dr.vwn G. 
T. Scnser, H. Hoover, J. Spools, William Spools, George Hoover, Wil- 
liam Iddings. 

Benner: Enrolled 153; Drawn G. 
A. J. Shivery, 'Williani Eckley, Joseph Rigliter, John Dale, D. Mc- 
Bride, 0. W. Bottorf. 

Gregg: Enrolled 101; Drawn 5. 
Joseph L. Smith, D. Wolf, H. Whitelcather, Samuel Ycarick, Charles 



Burnside; Enrolled 38; Drawn 4. 
Johu Thomas, James Marshal, Joseph Eisenhower, William Eckley. 

3IARI0N : Enrolled TG ; Drawn 3. 
Eliaa Hoy, D. Caraner, George S. Iloy. 

Tlie following are the names of the men and sub- 
stitutes passed into the service, with the general re- 
sult of the examination: 

Pallon.— Aaron Delige (colored), John n.Reod.auhstUutiifor D.Zoncs. 
Homard.—CuMa Dehass. 
Marion. — David Caraner. 

Orir/ia.— James M. Packer, O. W. Brown, substitute for J. Brown, B. 
L. Mann, eubatitute for G. W. Mann. 

Btuh.—M. Ryan, substllulc for J. H. Wagoner. 
Boggi.—G. W. Harkina, aubstilute for A. Barthur-t. 
Snow Shoe. — George Samington (colored), Harrison Lucas. 
Ciiion.— Thomas Sensor. 

General liemlt. 

Drafted men held 7 

Substitutes accepted ."i 

Paid couilnntation.. 71 

Exempted for disability 47 

Exempted for all othercauaes -. la 

Total examined 148 

The following of Penn township were drafted June 
16th; Daniel Horter, Daniel Bradley, David Philliijs, 
John Stover, Isaac Fultz, Williani Nees, Andrew Al- 
bright, Josiah Ale.xander, William Young, G. W. 
Stover, Uriah Merrick, Peter Keen, Henry Keen. 

Benner Township.— Michael Fishhurn, Mart Houser, Robert Glenn, 
Charlea Witmer, B. V. Hunter, Amos Koch, C. P. Itimmey, Peter Mayes, 
William Cox, Jacob Homan, Zach. Leatherman, Isaac Powers, J. W. 
Glenn, John Bowers, W. A. Kerlin, Fred. Houser, Abner Ri.lcr, William 
Witmer, Robert Herman, J. H. Reeser, John Klinger, John Rerick. 
David Lohr, John Boal, Robert Kendal, Johu Rishel, Benjamin Bituer, 
Lewis Haas, Levi Miller. 

Patton Township.— Jerome Reese, D. S. Womar, 0. Wesley Cray, 

John F. Garner, Chambers, John Biddle, Stiphvn Haten, Mibs 

Matten, James Huey, G. \V. F. Gray, William Reed, Dr. J. M. Bu=li, 
Char les Gnino, Huston Hartsock, Samuel T. Gray, William Rowan. 

The following wounded soldiers were brought to 
the hospitals in and about Washington from June .3d 
to June 18th : 


Co. A. — W. Daughenbaugh, A. Emmeneiser, Thomas Long, A. J. Good- 
fellow, C. McElhoe, Ross Wliiteman, John B. White, B. Uanes, W. Koss- 
man, G. Brewer, John Daly. 

Co. B —J. M. Small, J. Sourbeer. F. I. Kelar, I. T>. Fetteiiberger, H. 
Keiff, W. F. Ilersey, T. Reltenhouse, E. F. Doiy, George Lmdsey, C. V. 
Lanagan, I. Wolf. 

Co. D.— Charles Smith, J. Sheffler, A. J. Stonecutter, James Fldrige, 
Joseph Judy, A. T. Baggs. C. Bland, William Acklcy, J. W, Dolan. 

Co. E.— Henry Gile, Thomas M.Lingle, Josiah D.rvad, J. Ueord (died), 
W. A. Poorman, A. W. Harper, Samuel Creamer, W. Allery, J. R. Pheas- 
ant, W. B. Glann, W. R. Bell, Samuel Ezer, J. W. 31yci-s, A. Willson. 

Co. A.— E. M. L. Peters, J. Sumf, F. Peter.'', J. A. Slioonniaker, 0. C. 
Beck, George Deufer, G. W. Biugmau. 
Co. E.— T. J. Wilt. 
Co. G.— E. Cook, W. Rhone. 


Co. G.— John Herikle, Williani Mowriy, George Johnson, James King, 
L. Carlivel, Thomas Mascr, M. llallabauch, N. R^ey, George Dumont. 

Co. D.— J. T. Morton, W. McDowell, W. C. Simungton, Johu Barues, 

1 Dar 

Co. H.- J. Holn 

i, Samuel Stein, A. Clink, W. Weller. 

Co. A.— S. Bierlcy, John F. Reeder. 
Co. C— Abraham Fink, D. Beck. 
Co. E — G. Goodman. 
Co. G.— B D. Coudo,W.GceInch. , 
Co. ll.-G. W'. Constable, John McDowell (died). 
Co. I.— A. A. Dennis, Harvey Chrislman (dead), Joseph .\. MuTliy. 





First National Bank.— June 8, 1864, the First 
National Bank of Bellefonte was organized under the 
laws of the United States. The board of directors 
included all the stockholders save Governor Curtin, 
who was residing at Harrisburg. E. C. Humes was 
chosen president, ajid J. P. Harris cashier, and as 
such officials they have steadily served the bank to 
the present day. The capital stock, originally fixed 
at fifty thousr.nd dollars, was, in January, 1865, 
increased to one hundred thousand dollars, at which 
it now remains. The present directors, July, 1882, 
are E. C. Humes, A. G. Curtin, J. A. Beaver, A. 
Hoy, and Thomas R. Hayes. The building now 
occupied as a banking-house was built by the bank 
in 1872 at a cost of twenty-five thousand dollars. 
From the quarterly report, made May 6, 1881, are 
taken the following statistics : 

Lonnsnnil diacoiints ?3sn,62.'>.70 

lli-al estute, etc 27,2S9,ul |«iiil ill IIIU.CIIIOUO 

Siiii'liH :i.i,0(l|i.llO 

ri,.liM.I,d I rnlil- Il,r,.;7.ii4 

Oiil-t;Mi.liiiL' rinuliilion ',ilJ.()0:i.(IO 

U^■llo^it»Blll■.it■lt toclicdi 17(j,:«l7..51 

Time ci-rtilji.iiti.-s of ilc-posil 142,i;44.:i3 

In October the Democratic candidates were : For 
Congress, Theodore Wright ; Assembly, C. T. Alex- 
ander ; for Commissioner, John L. Gray ; and for Au- 
ditor, John Rishel. 

Stephen F. Wilson, of Tioga, was the Republican 
candidate for Congress. Wright's majority in the 
county was 920 ; Alexander over Forster, 886 ; Rishel, 
for auditor, 895. The army vote, however, reduced 
Wright's majority to 687, Alexander to 660, and 
Reshel's to 727. 

The official home vote for the McClellan electors 
in November was 3256; for the Lincoln electors, 
2410; majority, 846 for McClellan for President. 

The Democratic Convention this year was presided 

over by William F. Reynolds. Frederick 

1865. Kurtz was nominated for Assembly, J. D. 

Shugert for county treasurer, H. Y. Stitzer 

for district attorney, and Joshua Potter for county 


The Republica'ns nominated Gen. James A. Beaver 
for Assembly, Capt. R. C. Cheeseman for treasurer, 
Thomas Hosterman for county commissioner, R. G. 
Durham for district attorney, and Job W. Packer for 
auditor : 

The totnl vote poUcd for Col. W. W. n. D.ivis for Au- 
ditor-General, »iis 2019 

Total vote for tieu. John F. Hurtruiift 2744 


rroilerid; Kinl/,' m;ii-irilv over Gen. Beivverwaa 142 

t^lmSf-it ">" '■ >"""> 2a^ 

l',.lti-r.jv.i II,, -Inn, .ill ].H 

The Democratic Convention held on the 14th o 
August, 1866, nominated Frederick Kiirtz for Assem- 
bly ; J. P. Gepliart for register and recorder; 
James H. Lipton for prothonotary ; Daniel 1866. 
Z. Kline, of Howard, for sheriff; John Hos- 
terman, of Potter, and William Allison, Jr., of How- 
ard, for associate judges ; William Furey for commis- 
sioner; and John H. Orvis, Esq., was appointed chair- 
man of the county committee. At the conferees' 
meeting Theodore Wright was nominated for Con- 

At the October election Clymer's majority over 
Gen. Geary was 471 ; Kurtz over Stuart for Assembly, 
502 ; Gephart over Miles, 478 ; Lipton over Bejnner, 
480 ; Kline over Whipps, 504, etc. Total vote, 6656. 

On Sunday, April 7th, occurred a disastrous fire at 
Stormstown, in Half-Moon township. It commenced 
in the public-house of George Mattern, and 
in less than three hours the entire portion of 1867. 
the town lying between the Port Matilda road 
and Capt. Hunter's residence, being two-thirds of the 
place, was destroyed. The following were the sufferers: 

Miles and George Gray, store, partly insured ; 
George Mattern, house, store-room, and furniture, no 
insurance; Jacob Pottsgrove, house, store-room, sad- 
dler-shop, and furniture, partly insured; Barlow & 
McKinney, store, insured ; J. V. Gray, two store- 
rooms, dwelling-house, store goods, and furniture, 
partly insured; Horace Lever, house and furniture, 
insurance expired on the 15th ult. ; James Perdue, 
house and furniture, partly insured ; John Robison, 
house and furniture, no insurance: David Moore, 
furniture and household goods, no insurance; Mr.i. 
Fanny Douglas, household goods, no insurance ; 
Henry Adams, tenant-house, no insurance; Charles 
Linn, household goods, no insurance ; David McKin- 
ney, dwelling-house, shop, confectionery, and furni- 
ture, no insurance; A. R. Barlow, dwelling house and 
furniture, partly insured; Dr. Edward Perdue, furni- 
ture and medicines, no insurance; post-office, witli 
all the mail matter; Mrs. Neal, furniture, c'tc, no in- 
surance; Joseph Gingerich, dwelling, tenant-house, 
and furniture, no insurance; J. H. Griffin, dwelling- 
house, no insurance; W. W. McKinney, dwelling- 
house, sliop, and furniture, no insurance ; Robert 
Elder, two tenant-houses, no insurance; Samuel 
Henny, furniture, etc., no insurance. And in addi- 
tion to these losses, all the stables and outhouses on 
the south side of the street and east of the road lead- 
ing to Pine Grove; provisions, clothing, bedding, in 
fact, everything that fire could destroy was burned. 

In May, 1867, the erection of the new jail at Belle- 
fonte wa-s commenced by Charles McCafferty & Co., 
and June 20, 1867, the Bellefonte Glass- Works was 
started, and completed in November. In June, 1867, 
occurred a big flood in Bald Eagle, sweeping away a 
good deal of railroad track and many small bridge.=. 
Prices of products reached the highest figures known 
heretofore in October, 1867. White wheat, per bushel, 



S2.25; red wheat, $2.20; rye, $1.25; corn, shelled, 
SI. 20; oats, 55; barley, 90 cents; buckwheat, $1.10: 
clover-seed, $7.50; potatoes, 90 cents; eggs, 30 cents 
per dozen ; butter, 35 cents per pound. In June, 
1868, liowever, wheat reached $2.70; rye, $1.50; 
corn, shelled, $1.10; and potatoes, $1.75 per bushel; 
oats were 65 cents. 

The Democratic Colinty Convention in August 
nominated S. T. Shugert for senator, over Col. R. 
Keller; P. Gray Meek was nominated by acclamation 
for Assembly; A. C. Geary, of Walker, for treasurer; 
William Keller, of Potter, for commissioner; for 
jury commissioner, John Shannon, of Potter; audi- 
tor, Solomon Etiinger. 

S. T. Shugert and Charles J. T. Mclntire were the 
Democratic candidates for senator in the district ; 
Samuel MuVitty and John K. Eobison the Republi- 
can candidates. 

The Republican Convention nominated William 
P. Wilson for senator; for Assembly, Josiah Neff, of 
Potter; Treasurer, B. 0. Deininger, of Penn ; County 
Commissioner, William Stewart, of Snow Shoe ; Jury 
Commissioner, Col. Andrew Gregg; Auditor, A. S. 
Tipton, of Curtin. 

At the election, Sharswood's majority over Wil- 
liams for judge of the Supreme Court was 683 ; Meek, 
lor Assembly, 615. For senator, S. T. Shugert had 
686 majority. Mr. Shugert had, according to the 
official returns, a majority of 22, but his election was 
contested and J. K. Robison was seated. 

The Centre Reporter was established at Centre Hall 
in April, 1868, by P'rederick Kurtz. The Philipsburtj 
Journal was established in September, 1868. 
1888. by Ellsworth & Dutcher. In May, 1876, 
David Jlurphy became connected with it, and 
in July, 1877, Bender & Beck, and in 1882 the paper 
is published by W. J. Bair, editor and publisher. 

The Wallace Run Tannery was erected in 1867 by 
James L. Somerville and R. T. Downing, near the 
intersection of the Tyrone and Lock Haven Railroad 
with the Snow Shoe, and went into operation on the 
1st of January, 1868, with a capacity of tanning and 
finishing six thousand hides per year. 

The Centre County Banking Company was organ- 
ized Jan. 6, 1868, under articles of partnership be- 
tween H. N. McAllister, James A. Beaver, A. G. 
Curtin, James Milliken, E. C. Humes, Henry Brock- 
erhoff, J. P. Harris, P. B. Wilson, J. T. Hoover, 
Adam Hoy, Constans Curtin, W. P. Wilson, J. D. 
Shugert, and F. S. Wilson, under the firm-name of 
Milliken, Hoover & Co., or the "Centre County 
Banking Company," with a capital stock of seventy- 
five thousand dollars. H. Brockerhoft', J. A. Beaver, 
A. Hoy, J. P. Harris, and P. B. Wilson were chosen 
directors. H. Brockcrhoff, president; J. D. Shugert, 
cashier; John Kurtz, teller; and Charles Cook, book- 

Upon the death of John T. Hoover, Oct. 7, 1868, 
the name of Milliken, Hoover & Co. was dropped, 

and that of the Centre County Banking Company 
alone used. 

The present oflleers (1882) are Jameg A. Beaver, 
president; directors, Constans Curtin, A. G. Curtin, 
James A. Beaver, Adam Hoy, and E. C. Humes; 
cashier, teller, and clerk, as above. 

The company erected an imposing building on 
the northwest corner of High and Spring Streets in 
December, 1881-82, occupying it on the 1st of April, 
1882. Besides banking-room, vault, and directors' 
room, it contains on the sqcond floor elegant busines.s- 
and audience-rooms, occupied by the Young Jlen's 
Christian Association, and on the third floor a mag- 
nificent hall. The banking-room is supplied with all 
modern conveniences. Col. George W. Tate was the 
architect and builder. 

Feb. 7, 1868, the telegraph-wires were extended to 
Bellefonte. The nominees of the Democratic party 
were John H. Orvis, for president judge (Hon. Samuel 
Linn having resigned); D. G. Bush, for Congress; 
P. Gray Meek, for Assembly ; H. Y. Stitzer, for dis- 
trict attorney; John Bing, of Unionville, for county 
commissioner; and William P. Mitchell, for county 
surveyor. L. A. Mackey, of Lock Haven, was nom- 
inated by the conferees for Congress. The conference 
for president judge was protracted by adjournments 
from Bellefonte to Clearfield, and from Clearfield to 
Bellefonte. Finally, September 3d, after the two 
hundred and twentieth ballot, the name of .Tohn 
H. Orvis was withdrawn, and on the two hundred 
and twenty-first ballot Messrs. Shugert, Fortnev, 
Brown, Deese, and Achenbach voted for Hon. Charles 
A. Mayer, Mr. Alexander for George E. Barrett. 
Hon. A. C. Noyes was district elector on the Demo- 
cratic Presidential ticket, which was Horatio Sey- 
mour, for President; Gen. Frank P. Blair, of Mis- 
souri, for Vice-President. 

The Republican uominees were William H. Arm- 
strong, for Congress; Col. Theodore Gregg, for As- 
sembly; Thaddeus P.Stevens, for district attorney; 
James C. Williams, of Philipsburg, for commissioner ; 
John H. Mitchell, of Harris, for auditor. George 
M. Yocum, Esq., was chairman of the county com- 
mittee. Boyle's majority for auditor-general in the 
county over Gen. Hartranft was 377, and the whole 
Democratic ticket was elected by majorities ranging 
from that to 454, Mr. Mackey's majority, which was 
the highest. The following were the majorities for 
auditor-general : 

Bellefonte 69 






l!.-iiner .'i^ 

Million _.__ j< 




Uiiipies 111! 

IVnii _ 






The majority for the Seymour electors over the 
Grant electors in November in the county was 232. 

The Bellefonte Republican was established by A. B. 
Hutchinson & Co., W. W. Brown and A. B. Hutchin- 
son editors, Jan. 6, 1869. June 8, 1870, E. 
1869. B. Barger purchased the Bellefonte National 
(John G. Kurtz having sold the Central Press 
in September, 1868, to a number of gentlemen, who 
■ had changed its name to the Bellefonte National), and 
consolidated it with the Republican, Mr. Hutchinson 
retiring. In November, 1872, the Republican estab- 
lishment was sold by the sheriff, and the paper was 
suspended until Jan. 8, 1873, when E. T. & R. P. 
Tuten reissued it. On the 1st of March, 1875, E. T. 
Tuten became editor and pro'prietor. W. W. Brown 
published a paper called Brown's Bellefonte Republi- 
can from Feb. 6, 1873, until July, 1874. The Belle- 
fonte National was conducted by C. B. Gould, of Em- 
porium, who was succeeded by E. H. Kinsloe. 

The Centre County Sabbath-School Association 
was organized at Bellefonte April 6th. Col. James F. 
Weaver, of Milesburg, was chairman of the meeting, 
and James A. Beaver secretary. The officers elect 
were: President, James A. Beaver; Secretar}', G. M. 
Yocum ; Treasurer, H. Y. Stitzer. 

The conventions in August made the following 
nominations: Jacob G.. Meyer, of Haines, for As- 
sembly ; John Moran, of Bellefonte, for prothonotary ; 
Eegister, John H. Morrison ; Eecorder, Israel Gren- 
oble ; Sheriff, Daniel W. Woodring ; _Treasurer, Si- 
mon S. Wolf; Commissioner, Joseph McCloskey, of 
Curtin ; Auditor, D. H. Yeager, of Snow Shoe, were 
the Democratic nominees. Eepublican nominees : 
Assembly, James L. Colburn ; Prothonotary, Samuel 
G. Barr ; Eegister, William Curtin ; Recorder, Daniel 
Eote ; Sheriff", Jeremiah Batts ; Treasurer, Roth Cad- 
walader ; Commissioner, Lewis Hess ; Auditor, Ben- 
jamin Liggett. 

Eugene F. Johnston, who had killed Lewis Eunis 
at Philipsburg on the 13th of July, was tried at Au- 
gust term for murder before Judges Mayer, Allison, 
and Hosterman. H. Y. Stitzer, Adam Hoy, and Judge 
Samuel Linn for the commonwealth ; Messrs. Orvis, 
H. B. Swope, W. A. Wallace, and Mr. Cottrell, of 
New York, for the defense. He was convicted, and 
sentenced to eight years in the penitentiary. 

At the October election, Asa Packer's majority over 
Governor Geary in Ce,ntre County was 362. Sheriff 
Woodring received the highest majority on the 
county ticket, — 613. 

Democratic ticket in 1870 : L. A. Mackey for Con- 
gress, C. T. -Alexander for senator, P. Gray Meek for 
Assembly, John G. Sankey, of Gregg, for com- 
missioner; William Burchfield, of Harris, for 
jury commissioner; Dr. J. M. Bush for auditor. 

Republican county nominations : W. H. Armstrong 
for Congress, W. P. Wilson for Senate, R. H. Duncan 
for As'sembly, Daniel Malone for commissioner, John 
1. Thompson for auditor. 

The Democratic senatorial conference put R. B. 
Petrikin, of Huntingdon, and Dr. D. M. Crawford, of 
Juniata, upon the ticket for Senate. D. W. AVoods, 
of Lewistown, and William P. Wilson, of Bellefonte, 
were the Republican candidates. At the election 
Sherwood's majority over Mr. Armstrong was 788 ; 
Crawford and Petrikin had 556 majority ; Meek, for 
Assembly, had 714 majority ; Commissioner Sankey 
had 693 majority. 




















Hovviud Boi-ough... 












The following is a statement of the condition of the 
lumber trade of Centre County in 1870, with the names 
of the operators: 

There are six. distinct lumber districts in Centre 
County, known as the "Beech Creek," the "Snow 
Shoe," the "River, orKarthaus," the " Mosliannon," 
the "Philipsburg," and the "Bald Eagle" districts. 

The Beecli Creek district is entirely a log-floating 
district, that is, the logs are cut along the upper 
branches and small tributaries of Beech Creek, in tiic 
wilds of Snow Shoe, deposited in these streams, and 
floated to the main stream by means of artificial 
floods, or "splashes," and then carried by the spring 
freshets to the mills built at the mouth of the creek, 
or at Lock Haven, to be manufactured into boards. 
The amount of logs run out of Beech Creek in a single 
season has reached thirty million feet, and for this 
season will be twenty-two million feet. The most 
extensive operators are Messrs. Saylor, Day & Morey, 
Parsons & Sons, Brown, Hastings & Co., Thomas & 
Mason, and Long & Devling. The mill of Mes-irs. 
Saylor, Day & Morey, at the mouth of Beech Creek, 
is one of the most complete in the country, h.aving a 
capacity of twelve million feet per annum. A large 
amount of lumber made by this firm is worked by 
them into flooring and siding. Their facilities for 
shipping, either by rail or canal, are most excellent. 

The Snow Shoe district, furnishing the " Snow Shoo 
lumber,'' is that part of Snow Shoe township that has 
its outlet by means of the Bellefonte and Snow Shoe 
Eailroad. The lumber from this district is all shipped 
in the shape of boards or shingles, manufiictured at 
mills in the vicinity of the railroad, and connects 
therewith by means of lateral roads of from half a 
mile to two miles in length. The operators here are 
the Bellefonte and Snow Shoe Railroad Company, 
Beech Creek Lumber Company, Moshannon Lumber 

1 Ninth Wnnl, 1127; South M'linl, 090'; West Ward, 529. 
- Curtin from Howard, 1S57. » Doalabiirg, 371. 



Company, P. B. Cryder & Sons, and Williams & Cox. 
These parties have now an aggregate of ten million 
feet of logs in their mill-pools for this season's sawing. 

The township of Biirnside comprises the River, or 
Karthaus district, and is the only district of the copnty 
where the good old custom of rafting is carried on. 

This district sent this year to market by the Susque- 
hanna River seventy-five rafts of the best quality of 
pine and oak. The rafts average about seven thou- 
sand cubic feet each. The principal operators here 
are Messrs. Rhoads & Smith, Boak & Hertline, James 
K. Boak, Dr. M. Stewart, and W. & J. H. Holt. But 
few boards are made here, the only mills being those 
of Rhoads & Smith, Dr. M. Stewart, and Capt. Wil- 
liam White, the two former cutting about one mil- 
lion feet each, and the latter five hundred thousand 
feet yearly. 

The Moshannon district is another log district, and 
furnishes her quota of logs to the amount of tw.enty 
million feet annually. The heaviest operator here is 
that prince of loggers, John Ardell, Jr., who alone 
will this year cut and float over eleven million feet of 
logs, the largest amount, we think, put in by any one 
single logger in Pennsylvania. The greater portion 
of these logs are from the lands of the Beaver Mills 
Company, and have to be hauled a distance of two to 
four miles to a small stream, and there "si)lashed" 
six miles to the Moshannon Creek. 

Mr. Ardell had one hundred and fifty teams con- 
stantly employed, skidding and hauling logs. Nearly 
all the logs from this dLstrict are floated down the 
Susquehanna to the beautiful and enterprising city 
of Williamsport, and there manufactured into boards. 

The Philipsburg district lias its outlet by the Tyrone 
and Clearfield Railroad, and is one of the most im- 
portant in the county. While contributing many 
logs to the "Mosliannon district," it sends by rail- 
road eighteen million feet annually to market. In 
this district the logs are manufactured ;it home into 
boards and shingles, and the boards are worked up 
into flooring, or made into mouldings, sash, doors, 
etc., adding increased value to the material and em- 
ployment to a greater number of persons. The prin- 
cipal operators here are Messrs. Munson, Jones & 
Co., Long & Sons, J. S. Ellis, J. Whitcomb, and 
others. Messrs. Lawshe & Co., whose splendid mill 
is in the beautiful and romantic young town of 
Osceola, in our sister county of Clearfield, receive a 
large portion of their stock of logs from Centre 
County lands. 

The last district to be noticed is the Bald Eagle, 
rendered famous for its " white oak" lumber and 
beautifully manufactured shingles. This district 
manufactures about twelve million feet of oak, pine, 
and hemlock into lumber each year. This is made 
at mills a short distance from the railroad and shipped 
from Hannah, Martha, Matilda, Julian, Unionville, 
and other points.' These mills, operated by Messrs. 
Jack Thompson, Samuel Milliken, Ardell & Co., 

George W. Hoover & Co., G. W. Alexander, Ben- 
jamin Rich, and otjicrs give eini.loyment to many 

In addition to tlie foregoing there is considerable 
lumber made in Penn's valley, and some logs are 
floated from the lower part of the county. 

Haying thus given a description of each district, 
we now make a condensed exhibit of the sum total : 

District. Feet Lumber. Pit Sr. Amimnt. 

Beecli Cri'ek ii.dtm.dOO $10(10 t'-20 (KK) 

SnnwSIioe lli,(Hl(),(KK) ir, txi ].i(l,U<KI 

PliiliiisUiiiK IS, I II 1(1,1 II 10 17 ijo 3()00(«i 

BkI'I liijilo l-.',lllllj,(l(in Ki (HI , rj-J,(l(MI 

M..sliiiiiM..ii 2ii,(iUli,li(M feet Icigg 1(101) 'im',iiuo 

"■>'i-i "I'lii^t l,.-,iiil,nll0 15 0(1 2--',.'i«l 

lliver Duliii;! 6-J5,000 15 78,760 

Tutal •. Sl,109,'i50 

The Democratic County Convention nominated the 
following ticket: For Assembly, P. Gray Meek, of 
Bellefonte; for Associate Judges, W. W. 
Love, of Potter; Henry Dopp, of Howard; 1871. 
for Treasurer, James F. Weaver, of Miles- 
burg; for Commissioner, Samuel F. Foster, of Pot- 
ter ; for District Attorney, John F. Potter, of Belle- 
fonte; for Auditor, Robert F. Holmes, of Marion ; 
for County Surveyor, W. P. Mitchell, of Howard. 
Hon. Jacob G. Meyer was president of the conven- 
tion; John HofFer and J. Newton Wolf, secretaries. 

The Republicans nominated the following ticket: 
Assembly, Robert McFarlane; Treasurer, George A. 
Bayard ; Associate Judges, David M. Wagner, B. F. 
Liggett; Comrai.^sioner, Andrew Swartz; District 
Attorney, Isaac Lytle. 

The Democratic majority 492 in Centre County. 

The Catholic c'emetery at Bellefonte was dedicated 
Sunday afternoon, 20th of August. 

The Undine Fire Company.— A permanent or- 
ganization of a new and independent fire company 
was effected on Tuesday evening, the 22d of August, 
composed of thirty-two members, and to be known 
as the LTndine Fire Company, of Bellefonte, Pa. 

A constitution and by-laws for the government of 
the company were adopted, and the following-named 
gentlemen elected officers for the ensuing year: Pres- 
ident, Pi-of. D. H. Hastings; Vice-President, Adolph 
Loeb ; Foreman, Amos JluUen ; Assistant Foreman, 
John I. Morris; Second Assistant Foreman, Edward 
Nolan ; Third Assistant Foreman, James I. Sommer- 
ville; Secretary, John G. Love ; Assistant Secretary, 
George N.Hale; Treasurer, John L. Kurtz; Tiller- 
man, Moses Jlontgomery. 

The nominees of the County Democratic Conven- 
tion were : For Congress, Henry Sherwood {subject to 
the decision of the Democratic congressional 
conferees) ; Constitutional Delegate, P. Gray 1872. 
Meek (subject to the decision of the Demo- 
cratic senatorial conferees). Democratic countv 
ticket: For Assembly, John H. Orvis; for Prothon- 
otary, Aaron Williams ; for Register, John H. Mor- 
rison ; for Recorder, Israel J. Grenoble; for Sherifl", 
Benjamin F. Shaffer; for Commissioner, Austin Hin- 



ton ; for Coroner, Dr. P. S. Fisher ; for Auditor, John 

The Republican ticket was as follows : Congress, 
Sobieski Ross, of Potter County; Delegates to Con- 
stitutional Convention, Dr. John McCulloeh, of Hun- 
tingdon County ; Dr. J. P. Sterrett, of Juniata County. 
County ticket: Assembly, J. G. Kurtz, of Haines 
township; Sheriff, Levi A. Miller, of Bellefonte; 
Prothonotary, S. A. Brew, of Bellefonte ; Register, 
etc., Henry Eckenroth, of Spring township; Recorder, 
Andrew Gregg, of Potter township; Commissioner, 
John I. Thompson, of Huston township; Auditor, 
William J. Thompson, of Potter township; Coroner, 
C. P. W. Fisher, of Harris township. 

Ex-Governor William Bigler retired from the posi- 
tion of delegate at large to the Constitutional Con- 
vention on the Democratic ticket, and Governor 
Curtin's name was substituted. John M. Bailey, of 
Huntingdon, and Andrew Reed, of Lewistown, were 
the senatorial district candidates of the Democratic 

The general results of both elections of 1871 and 
1872 are here given for facility of comparison : 



























w ■ »* 
































7T""i ' (( 















Democmtic mnjotlty... 




The Democratic ni.njority in the senatorial district 
was two hundred 'and fourteen. Messrs. Reed and 
Bailey, Democrats, and John McCoilough, Republi- 

can, were elected to the Constitutional Convention. 
H. N. McAllister, of Bellefonte, of the delegates at 
large, was elected. 

The following notice was published by the hotel- 
keepers of Penn's valley in February, 1873, not to 
influence sales, as they say, but "as a rate according to 
their individual judgment and consciences." 

" AVe, tlie iiiidereigncd Hotel-keepers of Penn's Vallej', in order to 
keep our hotels open for the accominodfttion of the piiblie, do bind our- 
selves to llie strict oliservaiice of tlie following rates of Hold bith in case 
the qualitied voters of this county declare for Ao Licaise : 

"Board per week (with fire) $8.00 

lininil per weeklwilhout fire) 6.00 

Tiible-board per week 5."0 

Me.ila 75 

Loilninfis 75 

llorse-leed .50 

Ha.v 50 

Keeping leani ill stable without feed 60 

Keepilii; team overnight 3.00 

Drovers' horses per day 1.00 

" John Spanglf.r, Centre IlaH. 

" Georgb Miller, Woodward. 

"Charles Smith, Jr., Old Fort. 

" Frederick Faiirion, Spring Milla. 

"W. L. MussER, Miniieim. 

" Jonathan Kreamer, Slillheim. 

"John Limbert, Aaronsburg. 

" KoBEET Craig, Pine Grove." 

The following is the vote on the question of for 
and ac/ainst license for the sale of intoxicating drinks 
in February, 1873 : 

Dhlricts. ' For. Against. 

Bellefonte, N. W 30 141 

Helletonte, S. W 95 S3 

Bnllefonte.W. W 15 75 

llowaul 10 61 

MilesbillK 9 50 

I'hililHl.iirg 49 143 

Unionville 1 68 

Beiiuer 73 90 

Bogga 22 17!) 

Burnsido 10 25 

Curlin 11 43 

Ferguson !I2 180 

Gregg 109 79 

llaiiii-s , 93 103 

BInlr-Moou 17 SO 

Harris 08 201 

Howard 37 75 

Huston 35 SO 

Liberty ?. 37 119 

Ilnrioii 27 52 

Miles 77 102 

P.Utoii 43 64 

Penn 90 133 

Poller 154 144 

Rush 05 34 

Snow Shoe 62 74 

Spring 88 141 

Tavlor: 20 19 

Uriion 00 109 

Walker 76 103 

Worth 28- 04 

Total 1603 3001 


Uiijority 1438 

On the 6th of May, on the occasion of the death 
of Hon. H. N. McAllister, of Bellefonte, ex- 
Governor Curtin having ofl'ered appropriate 1873. 
resolutions, followed them in the presence of 
the members of the Constitutional Convention with 
an eloquent address. 

The Bellefonte Car Manufacturing Company met 
on Saturday, May 31st, and eft'ected a permanent 
organization by the election of the following officers: 
President, Hon. William McClellau, of Chambers- 



burg ; Vice-President, Hon. A. G. Curtin ; Directors, 
George C. Wilkins, Tyrone; E. C. Humes, Ed. 
Bhmcliard, D. G. Bush, Bellefonte; Treasurer and 
Secretary, E. M. Blancliard. 

Tiie board of directors then elected the following 
officers: Superintendent, Jaclc MeClellan, of Cham- 
bersburg; General Foreman, John Strike, of Cham- 
bersburg; Purchasing Agent, S. Austin Brew, of 

The Democratic Convention made the following 
nominations: For Senate, P. Gray Meek (subject to 
the decision of the district conferees) ; Democratic 
county ticket, — for Assembly, John H. Orvis; for 
Treasurer, John B. Mitchel, of Ferguson township; 
for Commissioner, John G. Sankey, of Centre Hall ; 
for Jury Commissioner, Michael Grove, of Benner; 
for Auditors, A. J. Greist (three years), Samuel Frank 
(two years). 

T. M. Hall was of the convention. 

The Rei)ublican nominations were: For Senator, 
John Irwin, Jr.; for Assembly, Levi A. Miller; for 
Treasurer, Col. George A. Bayard ; for Commissioner, 
Samuel Gramley; for Jury Commissioner, Benjamin 
Ligget; for Auditors, Dr. J. M. Blair (two years), 
Andrew Gregg (three years). 

The Democratic majority on the State ticket for 
James R. Ludlow for Supreme Judge was 388; John 
H. Orvis had 767 majority for Assembly, and Samuel 
Gramley, Republican, was elected county commis- 
sioner by 34 majority. 

The official vote on the adoption of the new Con- 
stitution was, for adoption 2011, against 1077. 

The Great Storm. — A tremendous storm of wind, 
rain, and hail visited this section of the State on the 
4tli of July, but was much severer in other 
1874. localities than in our own immediate neighbor- 
hood. At Beaver Mills it first seemed to as- 
sume the form and force of a tornado. Here it broke 
the dishes on the dinner-table that had been spread 
in the woods for a dancing party, and blew things 
round promiscuously. Sweeping down the mountains 
it crossed Bald Eagle at Julian, leveling to the earth 
a large bank barn of Mr. Alexander, destroying five 
stables, upturning fruit-trees, twisting the timbers out 
of shape in the new Methodist Episcopal Church, in 
which at the time a festival was being held, break- 
ing windows, and doing a large amount of damage to 
buildings, orchards, and crops. Passing on, it crossed 
into Buffalo Run valley, about five miles west of this 
place, where it seemed to do the most damage. 
Within a distance of two and a half miles of Fill- 
more seven barns were unroofed and torn up, sheds 
by the dozen were blown down, orchards and fences 
were leveled, fruit and grain and corn and vegetables 
beaten into the ground, the roads filled with fallen 
trees, the fields washed, and the entire strip of 
country visited by it almost devastated. One and a 
half miles south of Buffalo Run hail-stones meas- 
uring seven and eight inches were picked up, the 

bark was hammered from fruit-trees, and young pines 
thirty feet high were stripped completely. On across 
the Barrens, by the State College, Lemont, and Boals- 
burg. it swept, leaving it as it had left other places, — 
farms without crops, orchards without fruit, and fields 
without fences. In this section the principal damage 
to buildings outside of shattered windows was the 
unroofing of Mr. William Thompson's bouse, the 
destruction of Emanuel Mnsser's barn, and some 
slight damage to the new Presbyterian Church at 
Lemont. All along the line of the storm the fences 
and buildings and trees that withstood it present the 
appearance of a family that has had the smallpox. 
The damage to timber, orchards, and farms cannot 
be computed. Many farmers lost their entire crop; 
some are sowing buckwheat where they were growing 
corn, and have turned their cattle to graze in their 
wheat-fields. Crows and other birds, as well as 
chickens and ducks, were killed by the hail-stones. 
About the same time another storm passed across the 
upper end of the county, cutting things up generally. 
Scarcely a pane of glass was left in the houses at 
Stormstown, and in the vicinity of Meek's Church it 
,blew a perfect hurricane, destroying orchards, fences, 
and timbers. 

The Democratic County Convention nominated the 
following ticket: For Congress, C. T. Alexander ; for 
Senate, P. Gray Meek ; for Judge, John H. 
Orvis ; for Assembly, S. T. Shugert, Simon S. 1874. 
Wolf; for Commissioner, J. Newlin Hall ; for 
District Attorney, Jack L. Spangler ; for Countv Sur- 
veyor, J. H. Keifsnydcr; for County Auditor, Adam 

L. A. Mackey, Esq., was nominated by the Con- 
gressional conferees for Congress, and W. A. Wallace, 
of Clearfield, for senator by the senatorial conferees. 

The Republican County Convention put in nomina- 
tion the following ticket: Assembly, J9hn Boozer, of 
Potter township; commissioner, John T. Ross, ot 
Harris township ; district attorney, John G. Love, 
Esq., of Bellefonte ; county auditor, 0. Perry Jones, 
of Philipsburg; county surveyor, Joseph Devling, of 
Bellefonte. J. B. McEnnally, of Clearfield County, 
was the Republican nominee for additional law judge. 
The election took place this year lor the first time in 

The majority for John Latta, Democratic candidate 
for Lieutenant-Governor, was 9Go. Cyrus T. Alexan- 
der, Independent Democrat, beat L. A. JIackey three 
votes in the county for Congress. Yearick, Demo- 
cratic candidate for auditor, had 910 majority ; and 
the State went Democratic by 4679 majority. 

Centre County Veteran Club.— The Veteran Club 
of Centre County was organized July 4, 1874, at the 
court-house in Bellefonte, Gen. Beaver, from the com- 
mittee on organization, presenting a draft of consti- 
tution and by-laws. The following otBcers were 
elected : President, James A. Beaver, colonel One 
i Hundred and Forty -eighth, brevet brigadier-general. 



Bellefonte; Vice-President, James Armor, war 1812, 
Bellefonte; Secretary, D S. Keller, corporal One 
Hundred and Forty-eighth, Bellefonte; Treasurer, 
Austin Curtin, captain Forty-fifth (Boggs township), 
Roland, and as additional members of the executive 
committee: James F. Weaver, colonel One Hundred 
and Forty-eighth, Milesburg; William A. Ishler, pri- 
vate One Hundred and Forty-eighth, Benner town- 
ship ; E. C. Cheeseman, major Forty-fifth, Bellefonte; 
G. W. Gray, sergeant Ninety-third, Milesburg ; Chris- 
tian Dale, captain Forty-ninth, Benner township. 

It was resolved that the next (annual) meeting be 
held at Milesburg, Sept. 17, 1874, the same to take the 
shape of a " basket picnic." 

Gen. Blair was the orator on the 17th of September. 
Over seventy names were enrolled that day. William 
Gill, James Armor, and Benjamin Frank represented 
the veterans of 1812, and William Sharp those of the 
war with Mexico. Governor Curtin, Gen. John I. 
Curtin, and Col. Theodore Gregg were elected hon- 
orary members. 

At a special election held in February, W. K. Alex- 
ander was elected to the Legislature, to fill the 
1875. vacancy caused by the death of S. S. Wolfe. 
Mr. Alexander's majority over George W. 
Campbell, of Harris, was 160. 

The nominees of the Democratic party in August 
were : For senator, P. Gray Meek isubject to the deci- 
sion of the Democratic district conferees) : for sheriff, 
Levi W. Munson ; for treasurer, D. A. Musser ; for 
prothonotary, Aaron Williams ; for register, W. E. 
Burchfield; for recorder, W. A. Tobias ; for commis- 
sioners, Henry Mingle, J. Newlin Hall; for coroner. 
Dr. Joseph Adams ; for auditors, A. J. Griest, Joseph 

Dr. T. J. Boyer, of Clearfield, was the nominee for 
the Senate. 

The nominees of the Republican Convention were : 
For sheriff, David Glenn ; for treasurer, George A. 
Bayard; for prothonotary, H. A. Snyder; for register, 
John A. Lehr ; for recorder, R. C. Neal ; for commis- 
sioners, Andrew Gregg, W. W. Rogers ; for coroner, 
E. A. Russell ; for auditors, James B. Curtin, William 

The Junior Sons also nominated a ticket: Sheriff, 
George Alexander, Unionville ; treasurer, W. F. Cor- 
ter, Liberty; prothonotary, Abel Campbell, Snow 
Shoe ; register, Robert Stine, Patton ; recorder, J. S. 
Proudfoot, Milesburg; commissioner, Allen Bartholo- 
mew, Half-Moon; auditors, C. H. Hess, William 
Cronable ; coroner, Dr. A. E. Russell. 

Local Option ticket: Sheriff, George Alexander, 
Union township; treasurer, William F. Courter; 
prothonotary (no nomination) ; register, R. H. Stine, 
Patton township; recorder (no nomination); com- 
missioners, Robert Glenn, Ferguson township, Allen 
Bartholomew, Half-Moon ; auditors, C. B. Hess, Fer- 
guson township, William Grenoble, Walker township; 
coroner, Dr. E. S. Dorworth. 

In November, Pershing's vote for Governor was 
3504 ; Hartranft's, 2097 ; Brown, Temperance, 590. 
The vote for sheriff was : Munson, 3325 ; Glenn, 
2042; Alexander, 837. 

The Democratic Convention met August 8th, — 
Adam Hoy, Esq., president; Solomon EUtinger, of 
Haines, John A. Roop, of Harris, and C. M. 
Bower, Esq., of Bellefonte, secretaries, — and the 1876. 
following ticket was nominated : For Congress, 
D. G. Bush (subject to the decision of the district con- 
vention) ; for senator, P. Gray Meek (subject to the 
decision of the district convention) ; for representa- 
tives, James F. Weaver, of Milesburg, William K. 
Alexander, of Penn ; for associate judges, Samuel 
Frank,, of Miles, John Divens, of Walker; for jury 
commissioner, John Rishel, of Gregg. 

Hon. L. A. Mackey was nominated by the conferees 
for Congress, and S. R. Peale for the Senate. 

The Republican Convention was presided over by 
Henry Kelhir, of Boalsburg; Austin Curtin, Jr., 
and John Spear Thompson, secretaries. The county 
ticket was as follows: Congress, Richard V. B. Lin- 
coln ; Senate, J. Spear Thompson ; Assembly, Wil- 
liam McFarlane, George H. Zeigler ; associate judges, 
Jacob Baker, George Ottenkirk ; jury commissioner, 
Henry Keller. 


Presid't. Congr'ss. Senat' 

Bellefonte N.W, 
S. W 
" W.W 
Milesburg Boroi 
Pliilipsburg " 






Feigiisou, old ... 














Snow Shoe 






12:1' 101 

S7l 1(12 

.M in; 

.591 121 


210 111! 

ijai 100 

84i 101 

1041 lie 175 

17l| 17li[ 60 
IGO 174! 2.01 

160 167 

01 iia 

17.5 ISi: 



The following is the official vote fpr congressman 
from this the Twentieth District: 

Mackpy. Lincoln. 

Clinton n/jjr. i.fiiii 

Centre 4,1 llJ :i,2:i7 

Clenrfleld 4,^u7 2,:i3.'i 

Elk l.-iT.i (i.-> 

Mifflin I,liU2 1.7J0 

Uuiou ),3M 2,220 

lG,22n 11,1'ja 


Mackey'9 majority 5,(130 

Officers of Tilden and Hendriclis Club : President, 
Joe W. Furey ; Vice-Presidents, A. B. Snyder, Joseph 
Fox; Secretary, John Keichline; Treasurer, John H. 

The Hayes and Wheeler Club perfected their or- 
ganization by the choice of the following officers : 
President, Maj. P. B. Wilson; Vice-Presidents, J. V. 
Thomas and David M. Glenn ; Corresponding Secre- 
tary, Edward T. Tuten ; Recording Secretary, Dana 
L. Woolley. 

The following churches were dedicated in the cen- 
tennial year: 

August 1.3th, Methodist Episcopal Church, corner 
of Howard and Spring Streets, in Bellefonte, Rev. 
G. W. Miller, pastor. The building committee com- 
posed of Messrs. G. W. Tate, D. Z. Kline, W. V. 
Hughes, M. W. Cowdrick, J. G. Love, William 

The German Reformed Church at Hublersburg, 
G. P. Hartzell, pastor, October 1st. 

The United Brethren Church, near Nittany Hall, 
A. E. Evans, pastor, December 31st. 

At the present time, July 4, 1876, there are in this 
county and its boroughs 170 Sabbath-schools, in- 
cluding 3 Roman Catholic and 1 Jewish and Hebrew 
Sabbath-school. The Protestant schools, 166 in num- 
ber, have a total membership of over 12,000. These 
schools report 320 of their number added to the 
churches within the last nine months. Of the 170 
Sabbath-schools now in operation in the county 100 
are connected with some religious denomination, 70 
are Union schools carried on only by members of dif- 
ferent religious denominations ; 107 of the 170 schools 
use the international series of Sunday-school Scrip- 
ture lessons. At the middle of this,.the fir»t centen- 
nial year of our nation's history, we have in Centre 
County and its boroughs a complete total of 125 
churches and 170 Sabbath-schools. 

October 5tb, Miss Lizzie Ihling made a balloon 
ascension from the fair-ground, of which she gave 
the following account: 

"I started at three o'clock five minutes, thermom- 
eter sixty degrees. Five minutes it took me to get 
in the thick clouds that overhung the earth like a 
pall. I heard shouting all round below, clear down 
to Milesburg, the balloon moving in that direction as 
it entered the cloud. My barometer marked two 
thousand five hundred feet. Oh, what a solemn 
thing it is to be involved in these dense meteors! I 

got upon my knees, with note-book in hand, to de- 
scribe the scene. The attitude of kneeling was ap- 
propriate, as well as comfortable, while describing 
the mysterious majesty of nature. I had a moment 
before viewed the handiwork of God's beautiful crea- 
tion, of mountain and valley, rivulets and velvet green 
fields, with towns and villages of men, now I was 
basking in a milk-white vapor. How strange the 
contrast! These clouds looked sulky black from be- 
low, but milky white within them. I could see 
nothing around me, above nor below, but this vapor, 
and as soon as I was completely buried in it all the 
shouting ceased. A death-like silence pervaded this 
solemn chamber. Presently I heard quite distinctly 
the tinkling of a cow-bell, and, supposing I had 
crossed over to Bald Eagle valley, I came down grad- 
ually. When I came out of the cloud I found my- 
self right above the mountain-top, and again the 
shouting of the jieople reached my ears. I sailed 
along the line of the back for neatly half an hour, 
hoping to drift on one side or the other, but the 
'Amazon' plodded her weary way right along this 
highway, and again I went up into and above the 
layer of cloud until I reached the sunshine at a 
height of four thousand feet. Here was a new scene. 
There was a mountain and a valley in the cloud sur- 
face, and presently the 'Amazon' drifted to the cloud- 
valley, and I opened the valve to come down again 
below the clouds to look for a clear spot to light on. 
I found myself moving for Curtin's works, and at four 
o'clock and five minutes I landed on Mr. Austin Cur- 
tin's farm, where I was surrounded by many people. 
I was surprised to see Mr. Curtin, as I had seen him 
near me at the start, and then again I saw Mr. E. 
Foster and Professor Wise coming up, who started 
with a coach from the fair-ground when I did, but 
when I found that I was not more than five miles 
from Bellefonte my surprise was over. Five miles an 
hour is a slow gait for an air-ship, but then when it 
is considered that I had such formidable obstacles in 
the way, if they were but watery vapor, and I had to 
travel, as it were, blindfolded, so far as the earth was 
concerned, it was getting along well enough. 

"Just before I landed I crossed a graveyard, in 
which I saw a man, and I called on him to take hold 
of my trail-rope, but he answered, ' It is too high ; I 
cannot reach it ;' but he followed me briskly, and 
when he came up he said, ' I knew there was a 
woman in it when I heard your voice, and I ran as 
fast as I could.' 

"Immediately after entering the cloud upon my 
start I heard the band of music playing. It was like 
an enchantment, and how I wished all my friends 
below could be up with me in the cloud-heaven to 
listen to its symphonious strains. My aeronautic dis- 
play may have been interesting to my audience on 
account of its variety, but to me it was truly novel 
and sublime, as it was my first experience in the art 
on a rainy day." 



Officers of (he Centre County Veteran Cluh. — Presi- 
dent, Gen. James A. Beaver, of Bellefonte; Vice- 
President, Lieut. George M. Boal, of Potter; Secre- 
tary, D. S. Keller, of Bellefonte; Treasurer, Capt. 
Austin Curtin, of Boggs. And as additional members 
of the Executive Committee: Bellefonte borough, 
Lieut. H. H. Benner; Howard borough, W. B. Smith ; 
Milesburg borough. Col. James F. Weaver; Phillips- 
burg borough, Capt. C. T. Fryberger ; Unionville 
borough, George Morrison; Benner township, Wil- 
liam A. Ishler; Boggs, George G. Tate; Burnside, 
John B. Newcomer; College, Lieut. John W. Stuart; 
Ciirtin, John A. Daily ; Ferguson, William Fry ; 
Gregg, R. H. Duncan; Haines, Lieut. L. D. Kurtz; 
Half-Moon, Capt. W. G. Bigelow ; Harris, George K. 
Baker; Howard, John Holter; Huston, John S. 
Thompson; Liberty, Capt. J. A. Qnigley; Marion, 
Capt, S. H Bennison; Miles, Capt. W. F. Bailey; 
Patton, David Reed ; Penn, Charles H. Held ; Potter, 
Capt. W. J. ThonTpson ; Snow Shoe, Capt. C. P. Stone- 
road ; Spring, John R. Tate; Taylor, John Snyder ; 
Union, Franklin Lee; Walker, Christian Swartz; 
Worth, Charles 0. Whippo. 

Officers of the dntre County Teachers' Institute. — 
President, H. Meyer, county superintendent; Vice- 
President, J. W. Gunsalus, Miss Rosa Woods; Sec- 
retary, C. L. Gramley. The instructors will be N. C. 
Schaffer, D. M. Wolf, W. A. Krise, T. M. Balliet, C. 
L. Gramley, and George W. Groff. 

Officers of the Young Men's Christian Association. — 
President, James L. Sommerville; Vice-President, G. 
A. Harbaugh ; Recording Secretary, Newton S. Bai- 
ley ; Corresponding Secretary, J. Calvin Weaver; 
Treasurer, Isaac Mitchell ; Executive Committee, 
James A. Beaver, D. S. Keller, Professor Balliet, Levi 
Straub, John S. Lyon, and John Ray. The prospects 
before the association for the present year are very 

Valentipes & Co., of Bellefonte, received the di- 
ploma and medal of the Centennial Exhibition for 
pig and wrought iron. The medal is a beautiful 
bronze afiair in a velvet-lined morocco case, contain- 
ing on one side the figure of a female in a sitting 
posture, with a wreath in her outstretched hand, as 
if holding it forth to crown the head of some worthy 
recipient. Her other hand rests on a shield by her 
side, and she has at her feet various industrial and 
artistic devices. Above and below and in front and 
rear are four other small figures, each having a sig- 
nificant meaning, and a circle of stars, thirty-eight in 
number, surrounds the whole. On the reverse side 
the words " Awarded by United States Centennial 
Commission" are inclosed in a wreath, while on the 
outside of the wreath are the words " International 
Exhibition, Philadelphia." The diploma is very 
handsome, and contains the words: "International 
Exhibition, 1876. Certificate of Award. Valentines 
& Co., Bellefonte, Pa. Pig and Wrought Iron. No. 
492. — Group I. United States Centennial Coaimis- 

sion in Accordance with the Act of Congress. Phila- 
delphia, September 27, 1876." 

The new German Reformed Church at Jackson- 
ville was dedicated February 18th, Rev. J. G. 
Slioemaker, of Aaronsburg, preaching the dedi- 1877. 
catory sermon. 

Riots of July 21, 1877.— The news concerning 
the railroad strikes caused much excitement in Belle- 
fonte on last Saturday night and Sunday. The ter- 
rible affair at Pittsburgh and the orders issued for 
the military created a tremendous impression, and 
crowds of people remained up all of Saturday night, 
the neighborhood of the Bush House and telegraph- 
office being thronged with people all day on Sunday. 
A portion of the military company, under command 
of Capt. Van Valin, left for Altoona on Sunday 
morning, on the same train that conveyed the Wil- 
liamsport and other companies, and many were the 
rumors that reached town concerning them. Among 
others was one that they had been captured by the 
strikers between Tyrone and Altoona and their arms 
taken from them ; another that they had stacked their 
arms, and that the strikers had rushed upon and 
seized them. Still another report said that the com- 
pany, or a large portion of it, had gone over in a 
body to the strikers, refusing to fight against them. 
All these stories turned out to be untrue, the mili- 
tary having safely reached Altoona without any par- 
ticularly startling adventures. Gen. Beaver, the com- 
mander of this military district, also went to Altoona 
on the same train, accompanied by Col. P. B. Wilson 
(just elected colonel of the Fifth Regiment in place 
of Col. Milliken), Judge Orvis, D. H. Hastings, and 
Jack L. Spangler, Esqs., as aides, and others. The 
train from Williamsport did not arrive here until 
Sunday morning, although expected and waited for 
until about two o'clock by a large crowd. After that 
hour many persons went home to bed, but quite a 
number stuck it out till morning. All sorts of opin- 
ions were expressed upon the troubles, but it was 
easy to perceive that the sympathy of the people 
generally was with the strikers, although it was 
feared that their cause had been injured by the acts 
of violence that had been committed by mobs uncon- 
nected with them. All day Sunday there was more 
or less excitement, as the reports from Pittsburgh 
reached this point, which continued until the news- 
papers were received on Monday, when the news was 
eagerly devoured, even the boys on the streets seem- 
ing as. much interested as anybody else. 

Monday evening witnessed a stirring and exciting 
time in Bellefonte. About seven or half-past seven 
o'clock a great crowd assembled in the Diamond in 
front of the First National Bank, and for a time was 
quite noisy and turbulent. Several drunken men were 
in the crowd, and a large number of workingmen from 
the and other places. The outcry was for 
a couple of our citizens who, it was alleged, had made 
remarks derogatory to the workingmen as a class, and 

RIOTS OF JULY 21, 1877. 


wliom the crowd seemed to desire to punish in some 
way. Cries of "Bring them out!" ''Duck them!" 
etc., were indulged in amid mucli laughter and some 
cursing. At this point Mayor Lyon mounted the 
steps and made an address, in which he pointed out 
the folly and shame of such a course of proceeding, 
and urged the crowd in an eloquent manner and 
witli words of truth and soberness to desist from their 
threatened design, and to peaceably separate and go 
home to their beds. " I am looking upon and ad- 
dressing a Centre County audience," said the mayor, 
" men of muscle, of brains, and, I earnestly hope, of 
good sense too, — men who would work if they liad 
work to do, and who I know have many privations 
and hardships, but who will, I trust, show their man- 
hood and patriotism by keeping the peace and allow- 
ing no violation of the law or destruction of property." 
The mayor continued at some length, and his address 
seemed to have the desired effect, for the crowd di- 
rectly left that locality, and all seemed to be safely 
over. Pretty soon, however, a rush was made in the 
direction of Valentines' stores, and in a moment the 
street and sidewalk was a regular jam of people. 
Here the same old cries were renewed, and threats 
made as to what the crowd would do in case they 
should get their hands on anybody. Sheriff Munson 
and his posse, together with Mayor Lyon and his po- 
lice, took possession of the entrance of the stores, in- 
side of which the lights were lowered and the blinds 
let down over the \yindows. The crowd did not ap- 
pear to be in a very fierce mood, however, and seemed, 
with the exception of a couple of drunken men, as 
much intent on fun as anything else. The objects of 
their wrath were not to be found, however, and after 
hooting and howling and threatening for a time, they 
finally dispersed without doing any damage. At a 
later hour, about ten o'clock, a few individuals under 
the influence of benzine made an attack on the new 
lock-up, threatening to tumble it into the creek. 
That building, however, resisted their efforts, and 
still stands a monument of the enterprise of the Town 
Council. Finally, grown tired of their own foolish- 
ness, the crowd dispersed, and all was peace once 

Tuesday Night's Re.stles.s?jess. — Apprehensive 
from the proceedings of Monday night that there 
might be trouble on Tuesday night. Sheriff Munson, 
at the request of a number of nervous citizens, on that 
evening swore in a hundred deputies to assist liim in 
preserving order in case of an outbreak. Intelligence 
of this fact having been bruited about, there w,as a 
general flocking of the people to the Diamond on that 
evening, and many persons came into town from the 
country, anticipating a high old time in the way of a 
riot. Reports got out that a meeting of the workingmen 
was to be held in the court-house at four o'clock in 
the afternoon, and one at seven o'clock in the evenino 
on Half-Moon hill, but neither of them came off. Al 
the latter hour, however, the streets were full of people 

talking and commenting on the state of affairs, some 
commending the appointment of the hundred depu- 
ties as a wise precautionary measure, and others con- 
demning it as a piece of foolishness, more likely to 
create a disturbance than to suppress one. The new 
deputies all wore a white ribbon as a badge of their 
oflSce, and were marched in a body, under the com- 
mand of Capt. Curtin, down High Street to the depot, 
where they were manceuvred and several times 
marclied upon a hooting and jeering crowd of men 
and boys, scattering them right and left. Nobody, 
however, appeared to be angry. All were laughing, 
and several times the crowd burlesqued the sheriff's 
posse. Altogether, we doubt if there were a dozen 
men in the whole assemblage that felt in any way dis- 
posed to riot or damage anybody. For the .sake of 
the good name of our town we are sorry for the exag- 
gerated reports of trouble that have gone over the 
country, and can assure our readers that at no time 
since the strike began has there been any difficulty or 
danger in this place, except on Monday evening last, 
when a few men and boys foolishly undertook to 
punish one of our citizens for doing exactly what thetj 
claim the right to do, and what every man has the 
right to do, — express his opinions. They did not 
succeed, and since that time, witii the exception of 
the noise made by a couple of drunken darkeys and 
the crowd gathered to see the police squad march on 
Tuesday evening, our town has been as quiet and 
peaceful as a Sabbath morn. 

In 1877, under the working of the Constitution of 
1873, there was but one ofiice to be voted for, that of 
district attorney. David F. Fortney, Esq., was nomi- 
nated by the Democrats, and Clement Dale, Esq., by 
the Republicans. 

The Democratic majority on the State ticket in the 
county was, for Trunkey, 11.30. Sterrett, Republican, 
had 1885 votes; Bentley, Greenback, 4l'.5 votes. 
Fortney's majority for district attorney was 1103. 

The tide of emigration westward struck Centre 
County in the spring of 1878, and on March 5th sw-ept 
away a large body of emigrants. The number 
leaving this county for the land of the setting 1878. 
sun on tliat day was one hundred and eighteen, 
of whom one hundred and twelve were bound to 
Kansas City and various points in the State of Kan- 
sas ; two were going to St. Louis, one to Atchison 
(Kansas), and three to Fort Wayne, Ind. The follow- 
ing list gives the names of the persons from this 
county, with the places from which they departed 
and the names of the points to which they were 
bound : 

G L Ricl 01 I iinni Hayes City. 

Lll/i It I 

li b Ki kt-r 

) I LI I l!l It 

I all I W I 

HI«W \w<!\ 

I) 1 M »ii.) 

J II Nuilioiit 

n M \niM)ri 

W (.BOi^i unci fin >1 

W SiiiMlj ml fun 

/LI Ctlni Sp 

V I I It-ivei 



Wesley Siinvely, NittnnyHall Hojes City. 

Gi'uvffo Uilfjer iuui family, Snyder County " 

OlmilesTnuri niwl fiimily, Mul-lon townsliip 

Jnstie Kussiiiaii, Wulkpi- townsliip " 

Franl< Di-ity niiU fiiiuily, Hmvard 

Afi»m Krepsi,' " " 

J. Reeiler, " " 

Lewis Coninian, '' '• 

W. H. Miller, " " 

.Inimlhiin Wiintz, " 

IlenrvHarm, " 

W. Lotler, " 

J. B. Suit anil family, Potter townsliip Florence. 

.1. .1. Noll anil family, Spring township Pealiody. 

Samuel Tilieiis, " " 

V. Lealior, " " " 

Mrs. Lamb and family, Marion " 

C. T. Zimnioimaii and family, Marion ,... 

J. 0. Barnhart, Boffgs township " 

.Iiisi-pli Williamson and family, Philipsbuig......'. Salina. 

II. Vrain nnil family. Walker 

W. H. Weise and family, Harrisburg 

G. W. Baily and wile, Ferguson " 

L. Musser, " " 

William liarr, " " 

David Reed and family, Patton " 

William Wallace, Patton 

Pliilip Fortney, " " 

Kilgar Iteed and family, Philipsburg " 

Miss Parsons, .Inlian 

Mrs. Aikey, Mari.m Abilene. 

Tboiiias Noll and family, Spring township Atchison. 

U. Markle, Cedar Springs " 

W. T. Richards. Potter township " 

David Stover, Ferguson Elsworth. 

William Slovcr, College 

.1. Loiik, tnwn^lliI. " 

W. Lc.i.k, UlilHiii rnniilv " 

W, P. y..\, r.ln .-|,iiii-~ Wilson. 

II, Ge]ili;u 1 iiiHJ 1 ii.ujv, W;,ll,i.r Solomon Cily 

O. A. Slieaici. W.ilUi-r 1.. unship " 

B. Packer and wife, Howard " 

Emma Smith Valley Falls. 

.1. Fearon, Beech Creek Harshall. 

P. Lowrey, Perry Coiinly Lincoln. 

.1. Tivaster, Walker township " 

Rohert Ross, Ferguson St. Louis. 

Robert Mayes, College township Kane, 111. 

George Waves, " 

Samuel Mayes, " " 

W. G. Coiisnr and sons, Rebershurg Kansas City. 

Luther Coulter, Miles township 

Thomas Coulter, " " 

Charles Struiik, " " 

The following emigrants left March 4, 1879: J. H. 
Young, of Miles, to Cedron, Lincoln Co., Kan. ; Jona- 
than Kreamer and family (four persons), of Miles, to 
Valley Falls, Kan. ; Henry Shearer and family (five 
persons), of Walker, to Peabody, Kan.; Harvey 
Hauk, of Gregg, to Beloit, Kan. ; W. Frederick, to 
Ohio, and then to Kansas ; H. A. Wolf, of Miles, to 
Valjey Falls, Kan. ; William A. Marshall and family 
(three persons), of Benuer, to Victoria, Kan. ; P. H. 
Shires, of Potter, to Mansfield, Webster Co., Mo. 
Harry Hackenberg, of Potter, to Greenwood, Kan. 
Samuel McClintock, of Potter, to Peabody, Kan. 
B. F. Henneigh and wife, to- Pawnee County, Kan. 
Henry Laird, of Boggs, to Russell County, Kan. 
Elmer Roller,' of Fillmore, to Troy, Kan.; George 
Reber, of