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Full text of "History of Cheshire and Sullivan counties, New Hampshire"

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J. W. LEWIS & CO. 




PHIL IDE] nil v. 



In presenting this work to the public, the publishers claim that they have 
at least endeavored to faithfully fulfill their promises. The most competent 
persons have been employed in the preparation of the work, and it is sincerely 
hoped that readers in the various towns of the counties will find the narratives 
! of their special localities interesting and instructive. The work has been com- 
piled from authenticated and original sources. 

The preparation of the "History of Cheshire and Sullivan Counties" upon the 
within elaborate plan imposed upon both editors and publishers a task of no 
small magnitude, and one which they have keenly felt. They submit the work 
to the public trusting that their just expectations may be fully realized. 

The Publishers. 



























SURRY 342 

TROY 346 
























( MTY 384 







Appleton, Jesse R 191 

Ball, David 582 

Boyden, Elijah 302 

Boyden, Frederic 368 

Briggs, Oliver L 522 

Buffnm, C.T 106 

Buffuni, Haskell 518 

Burt, William H 15 

Carpenter, Algernon S 112 

Cole, Theodore. 520 

Dickenson, Ansel 584 

Elliot, J 104 

Esty, Henry 524 

Faulkner, F. A 12 

French, Abijah 516 

Frost, Rufus S 300 

Fuller, John II 108 

Graves, Josiah G 454 

Greenwood, Colonel ,W. H 304 

Ilaile, William, Ex-Governor 367 

Hale, Samuel W 107 

Harris, Gordis D 109 

Hemenway, Luther 306 

Holhrook, Daniel H 110 

Holbrook, John J Ill 

Know] ton, James ::il 

Lane, F. F 11 

Leonard, Levi W 103 

Map (outliue) of Counties 1 

Map — plan of Westmoreland 466 

McCollester, Rev. S. H 295 

Patten, Daniel W 528 

Robertson, George 371 

Stearns, John 37-1 

Thompson, Albert 525 

Turner, James B 583 

Twitchell, Dr. Amos 113 

White, Shubael 527 

Whitney, Charles 308 

Winch, Nathan 310 



Adams, Daniel N 356 

Baker, Edward D 15 

Balcom, George L 131 

Barton, L. W 302 

Clark, Judge William 132 

Colby, Ira 13 

Dunbar, George W 165 

Eastman, Charles H 134 

Farwell, George N 130 

Fisher, Leonard P 139 

Freeman, P. C 14 

G Ihue, David P 362 

Goas, B. F 177 

Craves, L. J 137 


Hall, Rufus 178 

Hatch, Mason 298 

Howard, Rev. Lewis 359 

McDaniel, Charles 363 

Parker, H. W 9 

Quimby, Samuel 358 

Richards, Josiah 138 

Runals. A > 382 

Sanborn, Thomas 300 

Smith, Alvah 1H4 

Swett, John L 297 

Tolles, Nathaniel .'. 135 

Wait, A. S 16 





Apple ton. Jessie R 191 

Ball, David 582 

Boyden, Elijah 302 

Boyden, Frederic 368 

Brings, Oliver L 522 

Buffum, Caleb T 106 

Buffum, Haskell 518 

Burt, Charles W 19 

Burt, Lieutenant-Colonel William II 15 

Carpenter, Algernon 8 112 

Chamberlain Family , 513 

Cole, Theodore 520 

Dickinson, Ansel 584 

Elliot Family 104 

Esty, Henry 524 

Faulkner, Hon. F. A 13 

Faulkner, Francis A 12 

French, Abijali 516 

Frost, Bufus S 300 

Fuller, John H Ids 

Graves, Josiab G 454 

Greenwood, Colonel W. II '. 304 

Gustine, Edward 113 


Haile, William 367 

Hale, Ex-Governor Samuel W 107 

Harris, Gordis D 109 

Heinenway, Luther 306 

Holbrook, Daniel H 110 

Holbrook.J. J ill 

Horton, Edgar K 530 

Horton, Egbert C 530 

Knowlton, Janus 311 

Lane, F. F 11 

Leonard, Levi W. C 193 

McCollester, Rev. S. II 295 

Patten, Daniel W 528 

Robertson, George 371 

Stearns, John 374 

Thompson, Albert 525 

Turner, Family ;,83 

Twitchell, Dr. Amos 113 

White, Shubael 527 

Whitney, Charles 308 

Wilkinson, Solon S 313 

Winch, Nathan 310 



Adams, Daniel N ."•. 356 

Baker, Edward D 15 

Balcom, George L 131 

Barton, L. W 302 

Clark, William 132 

Colby, Ira 13 

Dunbar, George W 165 

Eastman, Charles II 134 

Earwill, George N 130 

Fisher, Leonard 1' 139 

Freeman, P. C 14 

Goss, Benjamin F 177 

Goodhue, David P 362 

Graves, L. J 137 


Hall, Rufus 178 

Hatch, Mason 298 

Howard, Rev. Lewis 359 

McDaniel, Charles 363 

Parker, II. W 9 

Paris, Sherman, residence of 33 

Quimby, Samuel 358 

Richards, Josiah 138 

Runals Family (the) 382 

Sanborn, Thomas 300 

Smith, Alvah 194 

Swett, John L 297 

Tolles, Nathaniel 135 

Wait, Albert S 16 





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Geographical — Topographical — Geological — Botanical — 
Manufactures — Courts and County Buildings — County 
Officers — Aboriginal Occupancy — Population from 1867 
to 1880. 

Geographical. — The province of New 
Hampshire was divided into five counties in 1771. 
One of these was named Cheshire, deriving its 
name from a county in the west of England, cele- 
brated for its manufacture of cheese; hence, 
the name originally. Keene and Charlestown 
were made the shire-towns. July 5, 1827, the 
county was divided, the northern portion taking 
the name of Sullivan County. This division 
left Cheshire County with its present limits, 
situate in the southwestern part of the State, 
bounded on the north by Sullivan County, east 
by Hillsborough County, south by the State of 
Massachusetts, and west by the west bank of 
the Connecticut River. It extends its greatest 
length thirty-one miles north and south, and 
twenty -six miles in extreme width east and 
west. It contains twenty-three towns, eight of 
which were incorporated in the reign of George 
II., — namely, Chesterfield, Hinsdale, Keene, 
Richmond, Swanzey, Walpole, Westmoreland 
and Winchester, — ten in the reign of George 
III., — namely, Alstead, Dublin, Fitzwilliam, 

Gilsum, Jaffrey, Marlow, Nelson, Rindge, 
Surry, Stoddard, — and five under the govern- 
ment of New Hampshire, — namely, Harris- 
ville, Marlborough, Roxburv, Sullivan and 

Topographical. — The surface of Cheshire 
County is greatly diversified. From the valley 
of the Connecticut on its west to the towering 
height of Grand Monadnock on the east, rising 
to an altitude of three thousand one hundred and 
eighty-six feet, is a succession of hill and valley 
and plain, in various places of great natural 

Numerous lakes and ponds feed a network of 
streams of greater or lesser extent. The Con- 
necticut River is the largest stream in both 
State and county. Rising among the mountains 
of the extreme north of the State, it flows in a 
southerly direction, forming the boundary line 
on its west low-water bank between the States 
of New Hampshire and Vermont ; thence, pass- 
ing through the States of Massachusetts and 
Connecticut, it empties into Long Island Sound. 

Its valley is noted for its productiveness. Ex- 
cluding the falls, the average fall of the river 
is about one and one-half feet to the mile. At 
Bellows Falls its descent is forty-nine feet, 
furnishing ample power for manufacturing uses. 

Other streams lend beauty and utility to the 
surface of the county, the principal of which 
are the Ashuelot, Cold and branches of the 


Contoocook. The Aslmelot River, rising in 
numerous ponds in Washington", Sullivan 
County, flowing in a southwesterly direction 
through the towns of Mario w, Gilsura, Surry, 
Keene, Swanzey, Winchester and Hinsdale, 
where it empties into the Connecticut, is one of 
the most important manufacturing streams in 
the State. All along its course are many im- 
proved water-powers. It is fed by branches 
from ponds that have been converted by dams 
into reservoirs, and thereby affording many 
water-powers of themselves. One of these rises 
in Stoddard and flows through the northwest 
corner of Nelson, southeast corner of Sullivan 
ami northwest corner of Roxbury to Keene, 
and one from Dublin through Marlborough to 
South Keene, where it joins the branch from 
Stoddard. Another stream comes from Troy, 
flowing through the southwest corner of Marl- 
borough and joins the Aslmelot in Swanzey. 
The Aslmelot is about forty miles in length, 
from its source to the Connecticut ; falls about 
one thousand feet, and drains a basin of three 
hundred and seventy-five square miles, or two 
hundred and forty thousand acres. 

The Cold River, rising in Sullivan County, 
flows, in a southwesterly direction, seventeen 
miles through Alstead and Walpole, and 
furnishes water-power to a limited extent. It 
drains a basin of sixty thousand acres nearly. 

The branches of the Contoocook River, in 
the eastern portion of the county, furnish some 
good water-powers. The Partridge Brook, 
rising in Lake Spofford, flows through Chester- 
field and Westmoreland, where it empties into 
the Connecticut, is a rapid stream, falling five 
hundred feet in its course of nearly six miles, 
and affording constant water-power, but only 
partially utilized. In a tabulated form we give 
the principal bodies of water in the county, 
with ana of each in square miles and decimals 
thereof, with altitude in feet above the sea, 
and towns where located, — 

Area. Altitude. 

Warnn Pond, Alstead 0.5 550 

Spofford Lake, Chesterfield 1.0 738 

Breed Pond, Nelson 0.7 1250 

Woodward Pond, Roxbury 0.3 1150 

Swanzey Pond, Swanzey 0.2 

Stacy Pond, Stoddard 0.7 

Area. Altitude. 

Spoonwood Pond, Nelson 0.25 

Long Pond, Nelson and Hancock 1.2 1338 

North Pond, Harrisville 0.2 1218 

Geological. — When, in the beginning:, this 
planet, earth, was hurled, revolving, into space 
by the power of an Almighty hand, a seething, 
fiery, gaseous mass of molten elements, it 
gradually took form from its revolutions, and 
thereby consistence and compactness. In the pro- 
gress of centuries the surface became crusted 
over, holding within its bosom a mighty mass of 
molten matter, frequently convulsed by throes of 
sufficient power to elevate mountain heights and 
depress to ocean beds, separating, disintegrating 
and mixing the earth's crust in a manner to 
print in ineffaceable characters the great story 
of the Creation, — a creation not yet completed. 
In Cheshire County we find those characters 
frequent and prominent. Briefly — very briefly, 
for space forbids otherwise — we will endeavor 
to sketch a few of the more prominent " Foot- 
prints of the Creator." From the elementary 
or molten period the earth passed into the 
igneous period. We now see the unstratified 
rocks, of which the enduring granite is the low- 
est of the series and the great frame-work of the 
earth's crust, and by far the most abundant, 
rising to the greatest heights, thrown up by 
the subterranean forces. From an endless 
monotonous plain these forces are now operat- 
ing with a power beyond all human conception 
to transform this plain into a broken surface, 
from mountain peak to ocean bed. Of granite, 
Cheshire County contributes her full share of 
earning the sobriquet of the "Granite State." 
Her quarries of granite are unsurpassed. The 
coarser granites are of the oldest formation. 
Cotemporary with the beginning of the 
igneous period, the atmosphere, heavily 
charged with minerals in a gaseous form, 
condensing from the enecf of the cooling earth, 
was deposited, forming another coating of rock 
material. This was the vaporous period. So 
far the earth had been surrounded by an 
atmosphere so dense and dark that the light of 
star nor moon nor sun could penetrate. Now 
the progress of creation was ripe for the settling 
of the atmospheric moisture into the hollows of 


the earth. It became nearly covered with 
water. This is the aqueous period. Then came 
the long, cold night, when the summer sun 
failed to thaw the snow and ice that gathered 
in mighty masses, covering mountains in 
height, forming glaciers of continental extent, 
that planed and transformed the rugged 
volcanic surfaces into new vestments, and 
printing its history in characters the plainest of 
all. An enormous mass of ice, thousands of 
feet in depth, moved down the valley of the 
Connecticut, grinding, crushing, planing its 
way. A tributary glacier flowed down the 
Ashuelot Valley. This mass of ice pressed so 
heavily downward as to compact the earth into 
the lower hill, or, what is generally known, 
and appropriately so, as hard pan. 

This ice-sheet carried along in its track huge 
fragments of detached rock, which, grinding 
and rounding, it deposited in the form of boul- 
ders, generally upon the higher lands. In var- 
ious places they are plentiful. The glaciers 
moved in a southeasterly direction, and this 
movement must have resulted from a different 
chorography of country than exists at the present 
time. The interior of the continent must have 
been elevated many feet. This elevation and 
after-depression must have been of slow prog- 
ress. This movement is still operating in var- 
ious places. As the glacier moved down the 
valley, hard -rock fragments were frozen into 
the bottom of the ice-sheet ; these, driven along 
by fearful power, acted as chisels or gouges, 
deeply scratching the ledges along the course of 
its progress. These strise are everywhere found. 
Mount Monadnock is striated from base to brow. 
Mr. G. A. Wheelock, a local geologist of repute, 
entertains the belief that this mountain was an 
island in a sea of icebergs, which struck equally 
strong upon the northwest and southeast sides. 
Could our rocks be uncovered from the over- 
lying earth, they would generally show the result 
of their mighty planing and rounding in their 
striae. Now the continent slowly depresses, a 
geological spring-time dawns, a warmer climate 
prevails, the vast fields of ice and snow melt 
rapidly, mighty floods pour down the valleys 
with resistless fury. Changes impossible to be 
wrought by a moving river of ice, mountain- 

high, are easily effective before a rushing torrent 
of water. Now comes the era of modified 
drift, with its deposits of stratified, water-worn 
gravel, sand, clay or silt, an era extending from 
the departure of the great northern ice-sheet 
down to the present time. The glacial or drift 
period embraces two eras, — the drift and the 
alluvium. The former is characterized by re- 
peated elevations and depressions. It was then 
a " foundering land, under a severe sky, beaten 
by tempests and lashed by tides, with glaciers 
choking its cheerless valleys, and with countless 
icebergs brushing its coasts and grating over its 
shallows." The alluvium era witnesses the per- 
fection of the earth to an extent that fits it as 
the proper abode of man. 

" From harmony — from heavenly harmony — 
This universal frame began ; 
From harmony to harmony, 
Through all the compass of the notes it ran, 
The diapason closing full in man." 

The eastern portion of the county is a prime- 
val ridge, though it was submerged at times, 
and is underlaid by the oldest rock formations. 
This ridge belongs to a chain of ridges that was 
the first to appear above the ocean. The de- 
pression of the Connecticut Valley, that embraces 
a large portion of the county, carries with it the 
later rocks, and has been, and is, the source of 
drainage of the highlands to the northward. 

The eastern part of the county, comprising 
portions of Jaffrey, Dublin, Harrisville, Nelson 
and Stoddard, rests upon the edge of a large 
area of porphyritic gneiss. Another area of it 
forms the elevated and rugged portions of the 
towns of Chesterfield, Swanzey, Winchester and 
Hinsdale, while it appears in Fitzwilliam, Jaf- 
frey and Marlow. A variety of gneiss known 
as the protogene gneiss extends from the State 
line, through Winchester, Richmond, Swanzey 
and Keene, to Surry, where it changes its form 
and extends to and into Sullivan County. In 
Surry and Keene the protogene is often found 
of a deep red color. Encircling this protogene 
we find hornblende, schist, and, girting this, 
quartzite. A large surface area of the Montal- 
ban schist in one tract extends from Stoddard to 
the State line through the towns of Rindge, 
Fitzwilliam, Richmond, Troy, Jaffrey, Marlbor- 


ough, Roxbury, Sullivan, Nelson and Stoddard. 
These rocks are feldspathic and ordinary mica 
schist. The mica is seen in large spangles, 
either black or white. In Rindge a variety is 
found in which quartz predominates, heavily 
charged with iron pyrites, that decomposes when 
brought in contact with the atmosphere; the 
rock crumbles and the soil is colored reddish- 
yellow from the presence of the iron peroxide. 

The Montalban rocks in Cheshire County 
arc supposed to be of the same age with that 
which composes the summits of the higher 
White Mountains. A band of micaceous 
quartzite, full of fibrolite, two miles wide, crosses 
the towns of Marlow, Alstead, Gilsum and 
Surry, carrying gigantic veins of granite, in 
which the mica plates arc large and of commer- 
cial value. For many years they have been 
mined in Alstead for glass. The latest group 
of rocks so far found in the county are known 
as the Coos group. Its constituents are quartz- 
ite, argil lite and calcareous schist. A large 
area of Walpole is covered by the former, and 
ii is found in all the towns adjoining the Con- 
necticut River. Mount Wantastiquet, in Hins- 
dale and ( liesterfield, is composed of argillaceous 
and mica schist. The eruptive rocks are very 
sparingly represented in this county. The only 
eruptive rock of any extent in the valley of the 
Connecticut in this county is found in West- 
moreland and forms most of the hill southeast 
of the west depot. Inclosed in the Montalban 
schists of Fitzwilliam, Troy, Marlborough and 
Roxbury we find oval deposits of eruptive 
granite. These are extensively quarried, and 
are held in high repute for building and monu- 
mental purposes. Permeating Surry Mountain 
are veins of quartz, bearing metalliferous depos- 
its. A large outlay has been expended in efforts 
to mine it, but not, so far, with success. De- 
posits of infusorial silica, formed of decayed 
organisms, are found of excellent quality in 
various place- and especially so in Fitzwilliam. 
Bog iron-ores of the nature of ochre occur at 
Chesterfield, Walpole, JafFrey and Surry. 

BOTANICAL. — From papers prepared by 
William F. Flint, B.S., of Winchester, we 
glean the following facts relating to the botany 
of Cheshire County. Altitude has much to do 

in the distribution of plants. A large part of 
the area of the county has an altitude of more 
than five hundred feet above the sea-level. 
Following the trend of the Montalban rocks, 
in the eastern part of the county we find vege- 
tation of the Canadian type. In the valley of 
the Connecticut and of its tributaries we find a 
larger number of species, some characteristic of 
Southern New England. The county was 
formerly covered by a dense forest, through 
which the sun scarcely penetrated at mid-day. 
Along the valleys of the Connecticut and 
Ashuelot Rivers were forests of the finest white 
pine,' the most valued of our timbers, and 
reserved by King George in his grants of the 
several townships for His Majesty's navy. I lis 
officers provoked the displeasure of the early 
settlers by carving their "broad arrows" on the 
tallest mast-trees. The higher lands were 
covered with heavy growths of hemlock, 
maples, birches, beeches and red oak, while belts 
>f spruce were common. 

The original . forest presented the same 
characteristics as at the present day, save the 
restrictions imposed by the lumberman. The 
old pine forests are represented by thick, 
thrifty growths of their saplings. These are 
general all over the county. • Their conversion 
into wooden-ware has been and is a source of a 
large industry and of much wealth. Next to 
the pine, the hemlock is the most frequently 
found of any conifer; originally they competed 
with the pine in diameter and height. In the 
cold swamps of the river towns and throughout 
the eastern towns we find the black spruce and 
the balsam fir, and upon the dry drift knolls 
and sandy plains we find the pitch-pine. In 
the cold peat swamps and springy lands of 
Fitzwilliam, Rindge and Jaffrev we find the 
tamarack in abundance. A variety of the yew, 
generally known as the "ground hemlock," is 
common. Passing from the sombre evergreen, 
we turn to the deciduous trees, presenting every 
phase of change, from the leafless branches of 
winter-time to the delicate green of spring, the 
full foliage of summer and the gorgeous hues 
of autumn, when nature's artist paints with 
every conceivable shade of color in tints that 
art cannot produce, and giving to the American 



forests a beauty nowhere else to be found. Of 
the deciduous trees, the maple is the best 
represented. The white maple is mostly found 
in the valleys, upon the intervale lands. The 
red maple is common everywhere. The rock 
or sugar maple is the largest of the genus, is 
found in all of the towns, and fills an impor- 
tant part in the economy of the county, furnish- 
ing both sugar and timber. The largest groves 
of the rock maple are found in the northern 
and eastern towns of the county. Gilsum, 
particularly, is noted for its manufacture of 
sugar. The birch is generally found, but 
attains its fullest development in the eastern 
towns. The gray and black birch are more 
common in the southern and southwestern 
towns, while the yellow and white birch arc 
found everywhere. The bass is quite common 
upon the banks of the river terraces. The 
black cherry and the white ash are found 
sparingly in nearly all the deciduous forests. 
Confined to a strip of territory five to ten 
miles wide, bordering the Connecticut River, 
we find the elm, chestnut, white oak, black oak 
and three species of the hickory. The red oak 
is very generally distributed. Upon the 
alluvial soil of the Connecticut we find the 
cottonwood, the butternut and the balm of 
Gilead, or balsam poplar. Two species of the 
poplar are found, — the one of small dimensions, 
often springing up in great abundance where 
woodlands are cut away ; the other, the black 
poplar, is of more pretentious proportions. In 
spring its young leaves are clothed with white 
down, that can be seen a long distance, and 
thereby readily distinguished. Of the shrubby 
plants, the heath family has about twenty 
species in the county. This is a family distin- 
guished alike for beauty and abundance of 
bloom, and for economic purposes. Included in 
this family are two cranberries, three species oi 
blackberry and the huckleberry. The rhodo- 
dendrons are the finest of the heaths. The 
maximum species is found in Fitzwilliam and 
Richmond. To this family belongs the kal- 
mias, including the mountain laurel, found in 
the southern portion of the county. The rose 
family is numerously represented. Of the 
herbaceous plants we have a large family. 

Wild flowers abound everywhere. The space 
of this article will not permit us to mention but 
few of the species of vegetation with which the 
Creator has made glad our fields and forests. 

Soil and Staple Productions. — Natur- 
ally, in a county so greatly diversified in eleva- 
tion by valleys, plains and hills, we should find 
the soil varying materially ; even the intervale 
lands along the several streams bear very little 
similarity in fineness or productiveness. Often 
we see the lesser streams dividing: lands of 
striking dissimilarity and of natural fertility. 

The intervale lands along the Connecticut 
River are proverbial for grain-growing capa- 
city. Some of the finest farms in the entire 
State are found in the four towns bordering 
upon this stream. Along the Ashuelot Valley 
are extensive plains, whose soils widely vary, 
and, lacking the dense fogs of the former 
stream, is subject to later frosts in the spring 
and earlier in the autumn. Many fine farms, 
however, are found along this stream. The 
uplands are of a granitic nature, and, as a 
general rule, far less productive than in former 
times; much of it is too rough for cultivation, 
and is better adapted to the growing of timber 
than of grain. The plain lands are easier to 
cultivate, but require the best of husbandry to 
produce satisfactory results. 

Judicious drainage has converted many un- 
sightly, worthless swamps into the best of grass 

The census of LS80 conveys an idea of the 
county staple productions. With 2836 farms, 
embracing an area of 233,84") acres of improved 
land, there was grown 14,165 bushels of barley, 
2416 bushels of buckwheat, 150,788 bushels of 
Indian corn, 90,774 bushels of oats, 3958 
bushels of rye, 2666 bushels of wheat, 55,660 
tons of hay, 214,809 bushels of potatoes, 
141,218 pounds of tobacco, and orchard pro- 
ducts to the value of S->7,X77. These farm- 
supported 4109 horses, 7 mules, 2222 working- 
oxen, 7792 milch cows, 13,147 neat-stock, 
24,296' sheep and 4788 swine. 

The stock products for the year were 128,670 
pounds of wool, 181,281 gallons of milk, 
732,610 pounds of butter and 63,376 pounds 
of cheese. 



Notwithstanding the large amount of grain 

grown within the county, the consumption of 
Western grain has yearly been steadily aud 
heavily increasing. 

Manufactures. — Cheshire County is, to a 
considerable extent, engaged in manufactures ; 
the southern portion of the county espeeially 
so. Here the wooden-ware business found its 
early home and abiding-place, contributing 
largely to the prosperity of several towns. The 
waters of the Ashuelot and of its tributary 
streams move a large amount of cotton and 
woolen machinery, while the manufacture of 
pottery, shoes, leather, paper, lumber and ma- 
chinery receives considerable attention, con- 
siderable investment and the employment of 
many people. At Walpole is located an 
extensive brewery. The census of 1880 
enumerated 317 manufacturing establishments 
in this county, with an invested capital of 
$3,758,815, giving employment to 4523 hands, 
whose wages amounted to $1,290,427. The 
total value of raw material used was $4,502,889, 
and the total product was $7,768,943. 

Conns and County Buildings. — From 
the division of the county, in 1827, Keene has 
been the shire-town of Cheshire County. Here 
the Inferior Court held its first session in 
October, 1771, and the Superior Court in 
September, 1772. These first sessions were, 
undoubtedly, held in the old meeting-house 
that stood in the northeast corner of Central 
Square and opposite Gerould's block. For 
ten years following the erection of the present 
Congregational Church, in 1786, the courts 
were held therein. The centre pews and seats 
were removed temporarily during the session, 
and a bench and a table, called a bar, substi- 
tuted for the use of the judges and lawyers. 

The first building especially erected for the 
purpose of a court-house stood near the old 
meeting-house, and was built in 1796. It was 
built mainly through individual enterprise. It 
rendered service for twenty-eight years, when 
it was sold, moved and converted into dwellings. 
The next court-house was erected in 1824-25. 
[ts site is now occupied by the north end of 
Gerould's block and the block of F. F. Lane, 
Esq., upon the corner of Central Square and 

Winter Street. The county, for the considera- 
tion of five dollars, secured a deed of this site, 
of Joseph Dorr, March 20, 1824, with a stipu- 
lated condition that the lot should be used for 
county purposes only. The condition having 
been broken, a suit was brought against the 
county for the recovery o± the lot and building 
thereon by the owner of the reversionary right, 
Samuel Wood. This suit was protracted for 
six years. Finally, at the March term, 1856, 
Wood's executors secured judgment, and the lot 
passed from the possession of the county. 

The present court-house lot was secured in 
five different purchases, — namely, from Henry 
Coolidge, April 13, 1840, two thousand six 
hundred square feet for nine hundred dollars ; 
from Abijah Wilder a lot north and west ol 
above-named lot, July, 1K4S, for one thousand 
dollars; again of the same party, in 1<S57, an 
additional tract for two thousand dollars ; and, 
in 1858, another tract. Having secured a lot, 
the county proceeded to erect the present house. 
Commenced in 1858, it was completed in Feb- 
ruary, 1859, at a cost of nearly twenty-eight 
thousand dollars. Thomas M. Edwards, ot 
Keene, Nelson Converse, of Marlborough, Sam- 
uel Isham,ofGilsum, were the committee having 
the supervision of its erection. Gridley J. F. 
Bryant was the architect and Joel Ballard the 
contractor. This building, although considered 
at the time amply sufficient for all coming 
wants of a court-house, still already it is appar- 
ent that more room will be required in the not 
distant future. In 1 884 the county erected a 
spacious, costly, and elegant jail upon lots pur- 
chased of J. H. Elliot, long known as " the 
old glass-factory lot." When this lot is com- 
pleted and adorned as contemplated, together 
with all the conveniences and extras that a lib- 
eral outlay of money could procure in the plans 
of the buildings, then the convict class will in- 
deed have a most elegant residence. Upon the 
opening of the new jail the House of Correction 
was removed from Westmoreland and located 
therein. Without enumerating the names of the 
several justices of the several courts, we will 
give a list of the several clerks of courts as 
being more particularly identified with the 
count v, — 


Clerks of Courts. 

Common Pleas. 

Simeon Jones, October, 1771, to April, 1775. 
Thomas Sparhawk, April, 1779, to September, 1812. 
Salma Hale, September, 1812, to April, 1834. 

Superior Court of Judicature. 

George King, 1772 to 1778. 

George Atkinson, 1778 to 1780. 

Samuel Shurburne, 1780 to October, 1781. 

Nathaniel Adams, October, 1781, to October, 1816. 

For Both Courts. 
Salma Hale, May, 1817, to April, 1834. 
Henry Coolidge, April, 1834, to April, 1843. 
Leonard Biscoe, April, 1843, to December, 1857. 
Edward Farrar, December, 1857, to the present 


Judges of Probate. 

Simeon Olcott, from 1771 to 1775. 

Thomas Sparhawk, from 1775 to 1789. 

John Hubbard, from 1789 to 1802. 

Abel Parker, from 1802 to 1823. 

Samuel Dinsmore, from 1823 to 1831. 

Aaron Matson, from 1831 to 1835. 

Frederick Vose, from 1835 to 1841. 

Larkin Baker, from 1841 to 1864. 

Silas Hardy, from 1864 to 1874. 

Harvey Carlton, from 1874 to 1876. 

Josiah G. Bellows, from 1876 to the present date. 

Registers of Probate. 

Thomas Sparhawk, 1771. 

Ichabod Fisher, 1775. 

Micah Lawrence, 1785. 

. Samuel Stevens, from 1793 to 1823. 

Frederic A. Sumner, from 1823 to 1827. 

Asa Parker, from 1827 to 1833. 

Elijah Sawyer, from 1833 to 1847. 

George F. Starkweather, from 1847 to 1851. 

George W. Sturtevant, from 1851 to 1857. 

Calvin May, Jr., from 1857 to 1859. 

Silas Hardy, from 1859 to 1863. 

George Ticknor, from 1863 to 1866. 

Allen Giffin, from 1866 to 1871. 

Frank H. Hies, from 1871 to 1873. 

Dauphin W. Buckminster, from 1873 to 1880. 

Henry O. Coolidge, from January, 1880, to the 

present date. 

Registers of Deeds. 

Josiah Willard, from 1771 to . 

James Campbell, from to 1824. 

Lewis Campbell, from 1824 to 1837. 
John Foster, 1 from 1837 to 1838. 
Charles Sturtevant, from 1838 to 1845. 
Isaac Sturtevant, from 1845 to 1846. 

Appointed to fill vacancy caused by the resignation of 
Lewis Campbell.] 

Barton Skinner, from 1846 to 1852. 
Charles Sturtevant, from 1852 to 1853. 
Harvey A. Bill, from 18r>3 to 1855. 
Charles Sturtevant, from 1)555 to 1859. 
Calvin May, from 1859 to L862 
Isaac W. Derby, 2 from 1862 to ISli t. 
John J. Allen, from 1863 to 1J 
Charles C. Buffum, from 1883 to present ijate. 

High Sheriffs. 

Previous to 1878 this office was appointive. Subse- 
quent to this date Ralph Holt held the office from 
June, 1879, to January, 1880. 

Horace A. Perry, from 1880 to the present date. 

Road Commissioners. 

1845 —Barton Skinner, Jonathan K. Smith, Asahel 
I. Humphrey. 

1846.— Jonathan K. Smith, Aaron P. Howland, 
Daniel W. Farrar. 

1852.— Augustus Noyes, Jonathan S. Adams, Jon- 
athan Harvey, Jr. 

1853 —Augustus Noyes, Lanson Robertson, Samuel 

Slade, Jr. 

1854.— Samuel Slade, Jr., Laban Rice, Edmund 

1855.— Nelson Converse, Arvin Aldrich, John Sy- 


County Commissioners. 

John A. Prescott, 1857; Lanson Robertson, 1858 ; 
Willard Adams, 1859; Samuel Atherton, 1860; Aaron 
P. Howland, 1861; Jonathan S. Adams, 1862; Sum- 
ner Knight, 1863; Zebulon Converse, 1864; David A. 
Felt, 1865; Sumner Knight, 1866; H. O. Coolidge, 
1867; Franklin H. Cutter, 1868; Joshua B.Clark, 
1869; Aaron Smith, 1870 ; John Humphrey, 3 1871 ; 
Alonzo A.Ware, 1872; Willard Bill, Jr., 1873 ; Joseph 

B. Abbott, 1874 ; Charles H. Whitney, 1875 ; George 

C. Hubbard, 1876 ; Charles R. Sargeaut, 1877 ; Gard- 
ner C. Hill," 1878. 

Subsequent to the change of the Constitution 
the following have been elected : 

1878.— Charles R. Sargeant, Gardner C. Hill, Levi 
A. Fuller. 

1880.— Levi A. Fuller, Joseph B. Abbott, George 
W. Stearns. 

1882.— Joseph B. Abbott, George W. Stearns, Al- 
fred W. Burt, 

2 Resigned in 1863 and John J. Allen was appointed in 
his place November 10th. He was elected in 1861 and re- 
signed in 1883. 

3 Resigned, and Aaron Smith was appointed to the va- 

•Trior to the constitutional change of 1878 the county 
commissioners held their office for a term of three years, 
and one was elected annually to fill the vacancy of a re- 
tiring member. At the present time three are chosen 



1884.— Joseph B. Abbott, Alfred W. Burt, Elbridge 

Internal Improvements. — The early set- 
tlement of Cheshire County came from the 
southward Tlie Connecticut River was its 
highwa had been the favorite highway of 

the Indian. It was the first highway of the 
settlers of the valley and country adjacent 
thereto. At first the hark canoe plied upon its 
waters ; then came the rude flat-boat, followed 
by boats of more perfected proportions, spread- 
ing to the breezes winged sails, and, lastly, 
attempts, but not of practical success, of steam- 
propellers. At one time boating and rafting 
assumed considerable proportions upon the 
liver, but upon the construction of the railroad 
lines it passed away. Undoubtedly the first 
experiments at steamboating were made upon 
the Upper Connecticut as early as 1793 by Cap- 
tain Samuel Mory, and some years prior to 
Fulton's operations. In 1827 a steamer named 
the " Barnet" ascended the river from Hartford 
to Bellows Falls, creating no little curiosity as 
it came puffing up the river. In after-years 
other attempts at steamboating were made upon 
the Upper Connecticut, but were not of long 

Aboriginal Occupancy. — That portion of 
the Connecticut River valley north of the Deer- 
field River in Massachusetts was claimed and 
occupied by a tribe of Indians known as the 
Squakheags. Their territory included Cheshire 
County as far as the Monadnock Mountain to 
tin east. So far as known, it was not a strong 
tribe, and does not bear a conspicuous position 
in aboriginal history. It probably was closely 
allied to some of the surrounding tribes, notably 
with the Xasliaways, who lived upon the 
Nashua and Merrimack Rivers. The Squak- 
heags continued to occupy this vicinity until 
1720, when it appears that they disbanded, a 
large portion of whom must have passed to the 
northward and joined the St. Francis tribe in 
Canada. This tribe, in later years, in junc- 
tion with the French, were especially active 
in spreading desolation throughout this sec- 
tion, of which the sketches of the several towns 
relate. Tradition has handed down to us the 
many favorite resorts in the county which the 

Indians were wont to frequent for hunting and 
fishing purposes. 



Sullivan . 
Surry . . . 
Swanzey . 
Troy. . . 
Waipole . 




Alstead . 
Dublin. . 
Gilsuni . 
Hinsdale . 
Jaffrey . . 
Keene . . 
Mario w . 
Nelson . . 
Rindge. . 
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Settlement. — It has been before stated that 
settlement came upward from the south along 
the Connecticut River; but it was retarded, again 


and again beaten back, mainly through the 
animosity and depredations of Indians. Reach- 
ing the mouth of the Ashuelot, it appears that 
it left the Great River. Reaching Upper Ashuelot 
(now Keene), in 1734, the same year it took 
root at Lower Ashuelot (Swanzey), Earlington 
(Winchester). Some two years after, in 1736, 
a settlement was made at Hinsdale, and later in 
the towns above on the Great River. Until 
the close of the Revolutionary War settlement 
proceeded slowly ; it then took a new impetus 
and proceeded rapidly. 

We insert on the preceding page a census table, 
containing a tabulated statement showing the 
movement of population of the several towns 
in Cheshire County at each census since 1767, 
inclusive, with dates of incorporation and first 
called names. 

In 1861 the tocsin of war sounded high and 
loud over a startled land, and the wires flashed 
the dread news that armed rebellion had fired 
upon Sumter's fated walls. In the great up- 
rising of the North that followed, in the defense 
of the nation, Cheshire County responded to 
every call for troops with alacrity. On South- 
ern soil it shed its best blood in order that the 
country might live. The lapse of time has 
dimmed in part the remembrance of the heroism 
of that hour, but we now enjoy the fruits of no- 
ble effort and of victory won. The following 
table shows the number of soldiers furnished bv 
each town in response to the several calls, the 
number of soldiers who were killed or died in 
the service and the amount of municipal war 
loan awarded to each town, — 

Killed Municipal 

Towns. Soldiers, and Died. War Loan. 

Alstead 98 ... $8,375.00 

Chesterfield 85 20 7,416.67 

Dublin 91 25 9,100.00 

Fitzwilliam 101 45 7,991.67 

Gilsum 57 ... 5,400.00 

Hinsdale 112 ... 10,533.33 

Jaffrey 119 ... 9,933.33 

Keene 404 25 37,900.00 

Marlborough 56 ... 5,600.00 

Marlow 52 18 4,866.67 

Nelson 69 6 5,981.67 

Richmond 68 14 5,050.00 

Rindge 86 16 8,250,00 

Roxbury 17 ... 1,633.33 

Stoddard 66 3 5,358.00 

Towns. Soldiers. 

Sullivan 26 

Surry 32 

Swanzey 14S 

Troy...'. 54 

Walpole 145 

Westmoreland 82 

Winchester 134 



id Died. 

War Loan. 
















Among the earliest members of the legal pro- 
fession in this section of New England was 
Elijah Williams, a native of Deerfield, Mass., 
who settled in Keene in 1771. During; the Rev- 
olntion his sympathies were with the mother- 
country, and after the battle of Lexington he 
joined the British in Boston. He died in Deer- 

Hon. Daniel Newcomb settled in Keene in 
1778 and commenced practice there in 17<s.°>. 
He was appointed chief judge of Cheshire 
County in 1790; was justice of the Superior 
Court of Judicature from April I), 179(3, to 1798. 
He was the first State Senator from Keene. He 
died July 14, 1818. 

Hon. Peter Sprague was an early lawyer 
in Keene. He became prominent here in 1792. 
He was elected to Congress in 1797 and re- 
elected in 1799. He died in 1800. 

Noah Cooke settled in Keene in 1791, and 
remained in practice there until his death, on 
October 15, 1829. He was admitted as an at- 
torney in 1784. 

Hon. Samuel Dinsmoob was born in Wind- 
ham July 1, 1766. He graduated at Dartmouth 
in 1789, and settled in Keene in 1792. He 
was appointed postmaster in 1808, and in 1811 
was elected to Congress. He held numerous 
positions of trust and responsibility, and was 
elected Governor of New Hampshire in 1831, 
1832 and 1833. He died March 15, 1835. 

Among those in practice in Keene from 1794 
to 1813 were Hon. Samuel Hunt (member of 
Congress), David Forbes, Samuel West, Noah 
R. Cooke, Foster Alexander, Lockhart Willard, 



Elijah Dunbar, Samuel Prescott, Seth New- 
comb, E. Butterfield and Wm. Gordon. 

Hon. James Wilsojn commenced practice in 
Kccnc in L815. He graduated at Harvard 
University in L789, and was admitted to the 
bar in L792. In L809 he was elected to Con- 
gress. He died January I, L839. Mr. Wilson 
was a lawyer of distinguished ability, and bad 
but few equals in the State Joseph Buffum, Jr., 
commenced practice in Keene in L816. He was 
elected to < longress in 1819. 

Levi < !h amukklain was one of the leading 
lawyers in New Hampshire. He held various 
official positions, and in 1849 was the Whig can- 
didate for Governor. He was a member of the 
Peace Congress in 1861. He died August 31, 
1868. He was in stature tall, elegant in manner, 
genial and witty. 

Joel Pabker was admitted to the bar in 
Keene in 1817. He was appointed justice of 
the Supreme Court of Judicature from January 
S, 1833, and was chief justice from June 25, 
L838, to June 24, 1848. He was subsequently 
professor of law in Harvard for a period of 
twenty years. 

The following were in practice in Keene in 
L818 : Xoah Cooke, Samuel Dinsmoor, Foster 
Alexander, Elijah Dunbar, Joseph Buffum, 
Jr., .lames Wilson, Levi Chamberlain, Elijah 
Parker, Joel Parker, Fr. Gardner and Thomas 
M. Edwards. Elijah Parker was a graduate of 
Dartmouth College and a prominent lawyer in 
Keene for many years. 

Thomas M. Edwards graduated at Dart- 
mouth in 1813. He was born in Providence 
in 1 T'.lo, and was brought here by his parents at 
an early age. He was postmaster in Keene 
from L817 to 1829; was member of Legisla- 
ture, Presidential elector, member of Congress, 
and was first president of the Cheshire Rail- 
road. He was a prominent citizen of Keene, a 
thorough scholar, an able lawyer and a success- 
ful financier. lie was a man of great energy 
ami executive ability. He died May 1, 187o. 

Samuel Dinsmoor, Jr., -on oi Governor 
Samuel Dinsmoor, was a prominent and in- 
fluential citizen. lb- was clerk of the Sen- 
ate i„ L826, L827, L829 and L831 ; he was 
postmaster at Keene, cashier of the Ashuelot 

Bank and later its president, and was Governor 
of New Hampshire in 1849, 1850 and 1851. 
He died February 24, L869. 

General James Wilson commenced prac- 
tice in Keene in 1823. He was one of Keene's 
most active, prominent and esteemed citizens. 
Except the years 1838 and 1839, when he was 
a candidate for Governor (and L833), he was in 
continuous service in the Legislature from 1825 
to 1840. In 1828 he was Speaker of the House. 
He was elected to Congress in 1 847 and re- 
elected in 1849. Upon the breaking out of the 
Rebellion he was offered a brigadier-general's 

© © 

commission, which ill health prevented him 
from accepting. He represented Keene in the 
Legislature in 1870 and 1871. 

Phinehas Handerson was born in Am- 
herst, Mass., December 13, 1778. He studied 
law in the office of Hon. George B. Upham, of 
Claremont. Soon after his admission to the 'bar 
he established himself in Chesterfield, at that 
time one of the most flourishing towns in the 
State. He was president of Cheshire bar from 
the time of the organization of the county until 
his death, March 16,1853. lie removed to 
Keene in 1833. Hon. Levi Chamberlain speaks 
of him as "one of the most respected and influ- 
ential members of the profession, and that influ- 
ence was the result of his faithful, upright and 
able performance of duty." 

The various public trusts to which he was 
repeatedly called by those who knew him best 
show in what estimation he was held by his 
fellow-citizens. His only son, Henry C. Han- 
derson, served as captain in the war; was after- 
wards postmaster in Keene, where he died in 
1874. His seven daughters are still living; 
two unmarried in the homestead in Keene. 

(See town history of Chesterfield for additional 

Salma Hale was a well-known lawyer of 
Kerne, highly respected and esteemed. He 
was deeply interested in matter- pertaining to 
the history of Keene, and prepared the "Annals 
of Keene," a volume of rare interest. Beside 
holding other official positions, he was elected a 
member of ( !ongress. 

William P. Wheeler was a lawyer who 
ranked with the ablest in the State. He was 



admitted to practice in 1 -S 12 and settled in 
Keene, where lie remained until his death, in 
May, 1 876. He was a >unty s< dicitor for ten years. 
and in 1855 and 1857 was a candidate for Con- 
gress.'.m Fish LANE,nowthe oldest membei 
of the Cheshire County bar, and for several 
years president of* the Cheshire County Bar As 
sociation, was born in Swanzey, N. H., March 
15, 1816. 

The first one of this family to settle in New 
Hampshire was his great-grandfather, Elkanah 
Lane, who came from Norton, Mass., aboat the 
middle of the eighteenth century, purchased 
land in Swanzey, became a farmer and was 
a resident of the town and left numerous de- 
scendants. He was a man of perseverance and 
sterling honesty of purpose and thought. 

His son Samuel inherited the farm of his 

lather, married Scott and had five sons, — 

Samuel, Elijah, Elisha, Ezekiel and Luther, — 
and one daughter, Lucy. He served in the 
War of the Revolution, and although a man of 
quiet and unassuming manners, was a sturdy 
patriot and loyal citizen. He died about 1835, 
aged eighty-four years. 

Ezekiel, his fourth son, was born in 
Swanzey in 1790. He settled on a farm ad- 
joining the ancestral homestead and was a 
life-long resident of the town. He was a kind 
husband, good citizen, and, like his father, a 
man of retiring disposition. He married, early 
in life, Rachel, daughter of Farnum and Rachel 
(Thayer) Fish. (Farnum Fish was a native of 
Massachusetts, but for many years a citizen of 
Swanzey. He was an energetic farmer and 
man of note, and one of the controlling spirits 
of the town, and with commendable public 
spirit endeavored to advance its interests. He 
received the highest respect from his fellow- 
townsmen, who elected him to various town 
offices. He held the commission of justice 
of the peace for many years and was a 
captain of militia. He accumulated consider- 
able property, consisting of real estate. He 
died about 1829.) Of the ten children of Eze- 
kiel and Rachel (Fish) Lane, eight are now- 

Farnum Fish Lane commenced life without any 

ofthe adventitious aids that arc usually supposed 
to assist in gaining distinction. A farmer's boy, 
his early years, until he reached the age of six- 
teen, were passed on the firm assisting in the 
work. Then his aspirations for an education 
could no longer be restrained, and, leaving 
home, he engaged as a farm laborer and com- 
menced working and saving for that object. 
After attending various academics, principally 
at Xew Ipswich and Hancock, he taught School 
for six winters, and, thinking, with Sydney 
Smith, that "the law is decidedly the best pro- 
fession for a young man if he has anything in 
him," he entered the office of Thomas M. Ed- 
wards, of Keene, a.- a law student. He ap- 
plied himself with diligence and assiduity to the 
study of his chosen profession, and, in July, 
1843, was admitted to the bar, and since that 
time has been actively employed in the labors of 
the law. 

He commenced practice in Winchester, and, 
in 1846, moved to Walpole and was there for 
three years. In 1849 he became a resident of 
Keene, and has advanced agreeably and pros- 
perously. He is a membei- of Social Friends 
L«>dge, F. ami A. M., and of Cheshire Royal 
Arch Chapter of Keene; 

Mr. Lane married, October 30, 1846, Harriet 
Locke, daughter of John and Harriet (Locke) 
Butler, of Winchester. Their children are 
Helen L., who married Augustus Lucke, of 
Sherbrooke, Canada, and Emily I>. 

Mr. Lane was a Whig until the organization 
of the Republican party, with which he has 
ever since acted, but never as a mere partisan, 
or a politician using politics for personal ends. 
The law has been his sole profession. He has 
never sought a public office, and yet he has 
been rewarded with the fullest trust and confi- 
dence ofthe people. For ten years he held the 
office of county solicitor, and was also county 
treasurer. He was elected to the Legislature 
from Walpole in 1*47 and 1848, and then 
again from Keene in 1862 and 1863, that criti- 
cal period in the country's history when the 
war-clouds darkened the horizon and Legislative 
responsibilities were heavy. He is probably 
best known as a sound and wise counselor, one 
who labors diligently on his cases, making the 



most complete and exhaustive research before 
attempting to present his ease or give an opinion. 
As an advocate, he uses nothing like splendid 
action or boisterous demonstration, but, what is 
offer more account, clear, potent, sober thought, 
carrying conviction to the mind that can or 
cares to think There comes with what he says 
the feeling always of an earnest, candid man, 
saying nothing for mere effect, and only what 
the case justly warrants. By reason of this gen- 
eral confidence, inspired bv manner and method, 
he is always a powerful antagonist, who has the 
car and confidence of both judge and jury. Al 
though, as before mentioned, the oldest member 
of the Cheshire County bar, he is still in full 
practice, with more vigorous health than he has 
enjoyed for* years. 

Francis A. Faulkner. — The Faulkner 
family occupies quite an historic place in New 
England annals. "Mr. Edmond Faulkner, the 
emigrant, was one of the purchasers and first 
settlers of Andover, Mass., which was bought 
from the Indians about January, 1646, for £6, 
and a coat." The following extract from the 
will of Francis Fauconec, Gent., of King's 
Cleave, Southampton, England, made September 
1, 1662, and proved 21st May, 1663, connects 
him beyond doubt with this honorable English 
family. " Item : I give and bequeath to my 
bn itlitr, Edmund Fauconor, that is living in New 
England, £200 of lawful money of England." 
This family is entitled to bear arms as follows : 
"Arms — Sable, three falcons argent, beaked, 
legged and belled or Crest — A garb or (or gules), 
banded, argent. The name Faulkner was va- 
riously spelled in those days, and in this will it 
has as many spellings as the word occurs times. 

The " Mr." was of significance as a title of 
respect, and showed the possessor to be of an 
English tamily of consequence. But three or 
four in Andover were entitled to bear it. 
Edmond Faulkner was married by John Win 
throp to Dorothy Robinson, February 4, 1647, 
at Salem. This was the firs! marriage recorded 
of an Andover citizen. lie was a man of edu- 
cation, energy and distinction, and connected 
closely and prominently with all public affairs. 
He was one of the ten freeholders who founded 
the church in Andover in 1645. He kept the 

first inn, which was burned in 1(576 by the In- 
dians, and died January 18, 1686-87. His son 
Francis, "husbandman," named doubtless from 
the maker of the King's Cleave will, born 1657, 
died 1732; married, October 11, 1675, Abigail, 
daughter of Rev. Francis Dane, who was min- 
ister of Andover for nearly half a century. Her 
name is prominent in connection with the witch- 
craft delusion. She was accused of "The felony 
of witchcraft," found guilty and condemned to 
death, but through the efforts of her many 
powerful friends was not executed, although for 
more than eleven years the sentence of death 
hung over her. She stands out one of the 
brightest and strongest figures on that dark page 
of history. [See for full account "Bailey's His- 
torical Sketches of Andover, Mass." This 
worthy and sorely-tried couple left three sons, 
Edmund, Ammivcrhammah and Paul, of whom 
the second removed to Acton, Mass., in 1735, 
erected mills, and became a manufacturer, dying 
August 4, 1756. His son, Francis, born in 
Andover September 20, 1728, died in Acton, 
Mass., August 5, 1805. For thirty-five years 
town clerk of Acton, member of the Provincial 
Congress of 1774, a member of the Committee 
of Safety, and several important conventions of 
the Revolution, in all these positions he proved 
himself a man of sound judgment and culti- 
vated mind, and an able legislator. He held a 
military commission under George III., but be- 
came an ardent patriot, and one of the foremost 
opposers of the oppressive acts of Great Britain. 
Early in 1775 he was elected major of a regi- 
ment organized to oppose English invasion. At 
sunrise of the ever memorable L9th of April, 
he marched with a considerable number of 
men to resist the British troops then on their 
way to Concord. He participated in that 
historic engagement, and the pursuit of the 
British to ( lharleston. [See Shattuck's "History 
of Concord."] He was lieutenant-colonel of 
the Middlesex militia, which reinforced the Con- 
tinental army at i\n- occupation of Dorchester 
Heights, March, 1776, and commanded the 
regiment which guarded the prisoners of Bur- 
goyne's surrender on the march to Cambridge. 
By his second wife, Rebecca, daughter of Cap- 
tain Kies, of Brookfield, a participant in that 



(f.J$. cFu^^<2^c^ 



bloody engagement known as Lo veil's fight, 
he had eleven children, the oldest of whom 
was Francis, of Billerica, one of the pioneer 
woolen manufacturers in New England. He 
was born January 31, 1760, died February 12, 
1843. He was twice married and had twelve 
children. By his first wife, Elizabeth Jones, 
were Charles, born September 6, 1785, died in 
Calcutta, August, 1809, and Francis, who was 
born at Watertown, Mass., February 29, 1788, 
came to Keene in 1809 or 1810. June 10, 1818, 
he married Eliza, daughter of Eli Stearns, of 
Lancaster, Mass. He died November 29, 1842. 
His wife died October 5, 1869. Their children 
who lived to maturity were Charles S., born 
May 17, 1819, died July 28, 1879; Elizabeth 
J., born May 25, 1822; Francis A.; William 
F., born July 7, 1831, died May 1, 1874. 
Francis Faulkner was one of the early manu- 
facturers of New Hampshire, in which business 
he continued until his death, in 1842. He was 
a man of sterling integrity, generous and wise in 
public matters, as in private. He was loved and 
respected by all; an ardent supporter of the 
Unitarian Society, of which he was one of the 
ii mnders. 

Hon. Francis Augustus Faulkner, son 
of Francis and Eliza (Stearns) Faulkner, was 
lx»rn in Keene, N. H., February 12, 1825. As 
a youth he was studious, and, in 1841, went to 
that celebrated preparatory school, Phillips Ex- 
eter Academy, where he acquitted himself with 
ability and was fitted for college. He graduated 
with honor at Harvard University in the class 
of 1846, which numbers among its members 
such distinguished names as Hon. George F. 
Hoar, Prof. Francis J. Child,' Prof. George 
M. Lane, Dr. Calvin Ellis and Henry A. 
Whitney. The friendships and associations 
thus formed were among the warmest and 
highest of his life, and his love for the classics and 
general literature there acquired continued all 
his days, and showed itself in his public and 
private life. Choosing the law for his profession, 
he began its study in 1847 in the office of Hon. 
Phinehas Handerson, of Keene, and, in connec- 
tion therewith, attended the Harvard Law 
School. He was admitted to practice at Keene, 
at tiie September term of court in 1849, and 

immediately formed a partnership with William 
P. Wheeler, which firm, as Wheeler & Faulkner, 
first appeared upon the docket at the May term, 
1850, and from that time for nearly thirty years 
enjoyed a remarkably extensive and successful 
practice, and was engaged in nearly every case 
of prominence or importance tried in Cheshire 
County. To the honorable and leading position 
taken by the firm much was due to Mr. 

During his active practice Mr. Faulkner ac- 
complished an amount of work which excited the 
wonder and admiration of the court and his asso- 
ciates at the bar. To a finely-organized brain 
was united robust, health and untiring industry, 
and an ardent love for his profession. These, 
with his correct and methodical habits, made 
labor almost a pleasure, which success only in- 
creased, while defeat did not diminish it. Durinir 
the life of Mr. Wheeler the unassuming: nature 
of Mr. Faulkner, acknowledging the high 
ability of his partner as an advocate (and he 
was rarely, if ever, excelled in this county), 
preferred to take the more laborious, but unpre- 
tending, work of preparing their causes, both for 
trial of facts and on questions of law, and of 
drawing all pleadings and formal papers, leaving 
Mr. Wheeler to present them to the court. He 
was always thoroughly prepared in season for 
every cause in which they were engaged, 
whether before the jury or the court, and his 
patient research, accurate knowledge and pains- 
taking care made his papers and briefs models 
of skill and learning, and of great weight with 
the court. 

When circumstances caused him to appear as 
an advocate, it was at once seen that he had far 
more than ordinary power in that capacity. 
Always dignified and courteous, he depended 
upon fairness and ability to win his causes, never 
resorting to anything like a trick. He displayed 
a peculiar power of sifting evidence and dis- 
closing the truth, and knew where his strength 
lay and how to use it. 

His memory was retentive, his knowledge of 
human nature quick and accurate, and in his 
judgment of the character of a client or witness 
he was seldom at fault. His arguments to court 
or jury were concise and vigorous, abounding in 



apt illustrations and citations, expressed in 
earnest, simple language, but conveying a logic 
which was convincing. When once engaged in 
a case he made his client's cause his own and 
served him with rare fidelity to the end. As an 
advisor he was careful in forming his legal 
opinion, often giving to a question time and 
critical study entirely out of proportion to its 
pecuniary importance; but when his opinion 
was formed he firmly adhered to it, and was 
rarely obliged to modify it. His temperament 
and cast of mind were pre-eminently judicial, 
and it' he had found it compatible with his 
wishes to have accepted the position on the 
bench of the Supreme Court, to which he was 
appointed, and again solicited to take, his in- 
timate knowledge of all matters of practice and 
procedure would have been found of great use 
and his decisions have been a valuable addition 
to the legal literature of the State. 

Mr. Faulkner represented Keene in the State 
Legislature in 1851, 1852, 1859 and I860; was 
chosen moderator twenty-two times, successively, 
in town-meeting, from 1857 to 1863, and was 
an alderman in the first city government; was 
county solicitor from 1855 to 1800; commissioner 
of enrollment during the Rebellion; was ap- 
pointed associate justice of the Supreme Court 
in 1874, but declined to serve; was a member 
of the Constitutional Convention of 1 87(5, and 
held various other positions of honor and trust. 

He was largely interested in the social busi- 
ness ami financial life of Keene; was a director 
of the Cheshire National Bank and the Ashuelot 
National Bank, and succeeded Mr. Wheeler as 
president of the Cheshire Provident Institution. 
1 1 ighly valued asa financial advisor, many sought 
ami were profited by his judicious counsel. 

In politics he was a stanch Republican, one 
of the strongest local leaders of that party, and 
a prominent member of the State and County 
( lommittees. His upright character, strong per- 
sonality, positive convictions and popularity 
gave him influence in all circles, and there was 
no one whose counsel was more sought in emer- 
gencies and whose judgment and foresight did 
better service in seasonably detecting threatened 
evils and in devising the best means for the 
general good. During the years of anxiety and 

sacrifice of the great Civil War he labored loy- 
ally for the cause of the Union, and, by his un- 
tiring enthusiasm, able counsel and personal ef- 
forts, did much more for the cause than he 
could have done in any other way. 

In religion he was a Unitarian and an active 
member of the society at Keene, whose liberality 
in all channels of religious influence was never 
found wanting. 

Mr. Faulkner married, December 18, 1849, 
Caroline, daughter of Hon. Phinehas Handerson. 
He was very happy in his domestic life, and 
those who did not see him in his home can 
hardly be said to have really known him. It 
was there that he threw off the burdens and per- 
plexities of his busy life and found the only re- 
laxation he ever allowed himself — in the society 
of his wife and children. 

They lovingly remember how his natural 
buoyancy and love of fun, repressed by hours of 
exacting business, at home showed itself in play- 
ful jokes and in humorous anecdotes, and in join- 
ing, with the spirit of a boy, in all the games 
and sports of the children. 

His house was always open and he enter- 
tained with a generous hospitality. His wide 
circle of friends and acquaintances brought many 
distinguished people as his guests, and Mrs. 
Faulkner, a lady of culture, who survives him, 
presided with a quiet dignity over his household 
and made the charm of the home circle com- 
plete. Their surviving children arc Francis 
( liild, Arthur and Charles Henry. Mr. Faulk- 
ner died at his residence in Keene May 22, 187l>. 

The following preamble and resolutions were 
adopted by the Cheshire County bar as a tribute 
to his memory : 

" In the course of Divine Providence, a most useful 
and honorable member of our profession, Mr. Francis 
A. Faulkner, has been taken from us by death. The 
occasion is sucli as excites in us much and deep feel- 
ing, which it is natural and right should find some 
appropriate expression, and, therefore, according to 
the usage which has long prevailed, the bar gives ex- 
pression to such feelings by the following resolutions: 

"1. That in the death of Mr. Faulkner the profes- 
sion has been deprived of one of its ablest and most 
useful members, whose learning and ability, inspired 
and guided by the truest integrity, have singularly 
illustrated and adorned the bar of the State and coun- 
try. His modest and unassuming manners have bad 

i^tsC- <-^ 




no small influence in cultivating the professional 
amenities and courtesies, which add so much to the 
pleasure of professional life, and redeem it from the 
opprobrium which in other times and places has been 
brought upon it by the unrestrained excesses of pro- 
fessional zeal. 

''2. That we tender to the family of Mr. Faulkner 
our most respectful and earnest sympathy." 

Lieut-Col. William Hexry Burt, son 
of Willard and Martha (Wood) Burt, was born 
in Westmoreland, N. H., May 24, 1824. He 
was descended from New England families of 
honor and respectability. His paternal line of 
descent is derived from James Burt, who sailed 
from London, England, to the Barbadoes in 
1(335, and from there to Newport, R. I. (1639), 
afterwards to Taunton, Mass., where he was 
surveyor of highways in 1645, and took the 
oath of fidelity in 1654. His will was proven 
March 2, 1681. The line to Colonel William 
H. is James (1), James (2), Thomas (3), Henry 
(4), Samuel (5), Willard (6), William H. (7). 
On the maternal side he derived from the Wood 
family, well known in the Plymouth colony, 
and through his maternal grandmother, Martha 
(White) Wood, he was connected with one of 
the White families so prominent in New Eng- 
land history. Family tradition gives him as a 
lineal descendant of Peregrine White, of May- 
flower fame, but the stern realities of record 
seem to deny this, and to show his real White pro- 
genitor to be one who, in point of worth, character 
and position, stood even higher, — John White, 
the wealthiest pioneer and proprietor of Lan- 
caster, Mass., an Englishman of education, who 
was in Salem in 1639. " His "descendants 
have almost universally held a respectable po- 
sition in society and in the church. Some have 
risen to distinction in military and civil life." 1 
The line of descent is most probably John (1), 
one of the first planters, captain, etc. ; Josiah 
(2), selectman, deacon, captain, etc. ; Josiah (3), 
representative, selectman, moderator and dea- 
con ; Jotham (4), probably the Major Jotham 
White mentioned in " History of Charlestown, 
N. H.," as quartermaster in Revolutionary 
War ; Martha (5), married Jonathan Wood, of 
Westmoreland, formerly of Fitchburg, Mass., 

1 History of Lancaster. 

1785 ; Martha (Wood) Burt (6) ; William 

Colonel Burt inherited a strong vitality from 
his ancestors, who, for several generations, were 
quiet agriculturists. [His grandfather, Samuel 
Burt, married Olive Lincoln, in Taunton, 
Mass., in 1787 (she was descended from two 
leading families of that place, Lincoln and 
Leonard), and settled in Westmoreland, N. H., 
as a pioneer, accompanied by a brother and a 
sister. These all attained great ages, Samuel 
dying in 1850, almost ninety, and Olive in 
1843, in her eighty-third year.] 

William passed his early years with his 
parents, who lived with his grandparents on the 
old homestead. He had the privileges of the 
district schools of those days, which, for the re- 
sult attained in self-reliance, mental discipline 
and strength of thought, have had few equals, 
and, attended as they were by scholars ambi- 
tious to excel, instructed by capable teachers, 
and aided by the healthful discipline and at- 
mosphere of home-life, brought forth good 
fruit. His brother and sisters rauked high as 
scholars, and the children were stimulated by 
their mother's influence to improve all oppor- 
tunities for intellectual culture. She, a woman 
of rare intelligence and ability, especially de- 
sired her sons to be liberally educated, and 
labored untiringly to guide and direct them in 
the paths of knowledge and virtue. Her warm 
sympathy and influence encouraged their aspira- 
tions for higher education, and her impress was 
beneficial in no common measure to her chil- 

When he was nineteen, William began teach- 
ing winter terms of schools, and also became 
interested in the study of phrenology and phys- 
iology, and qualified himself to lecture in the 
smaller places adjacent to his home, and Mas 
quite successful. He carved, from a rough 
piece of sandstone, with his jack-knife, a speci- 
men head, which was creditable alike to his ar- 
tistic skill and his understanding of phrenology. 
He cherished a hope that he might fit himself 
for a professional life, and attended three terms 
at Mount Csesar Academy, at Swanzey, N. H., 
after he was twenty-one, engaging in the in- 
terim in farm labor and as a daguerrean artist. 



His ardor for professional honors was lessened, 
however, by the experience of his older brother, 
Charles, who found his way as a law-student 
steep and difficult. The frugal life of the home 
circle did not avail to eke out the slender re- 
sources of the farm sufficiently to pay the ex- 
penses of college-life. When twenty-two, Wil- 
liam, after carefully considering which of the 
two courses he should choose, — a college educa- 
tion, which would leave him heavily in debt, or 
a mechanical pursuit, which would give him 
personal independence, — reluctantly decided for 
the latter, at once went to Worcester, Mass., ap- 
prenticed himself to a carpenter and worked 
at house-carpentering and in a car-shop until 
1850. In the meantime, October, 1848, he 
married Hannah L. Williams, of Amherst, 
Mass., who died in 1852. 

Anticipating greater opportunities in the new 
land of California, Mr. Burt, with money 
loaned by friends who had learned the honesty 
and firmness of his character, sailed from New 
York, April 1, 1850, for San Francisco. Here 
he had varying changes, ill health, and, finally, 
good business success. After the death of two 
of his sisters, — Mrs. Martha M. Goodnow, Feb- 
ruary 3, 1852, and Mrs. J. Elizabeth Beals, 
August 10, 1852, — Mr. Burt decided to return 
to New Hampshire, study law and be near his 
grief-stricken parents. He had, through his 
industry and prudence, acquired sufficient prop- 
erty to admit of his doing this, and, in Septem- 
ber, 1852, he came to Keene. Receiving kind 
encouragements from the lawyers whom he con- 
sulted, he became a student of Hon. Levi 
( Chamberlain, a leading member of the bar, and 
passed a creditable examination in April, 1854. 
California offering more favorable opportunities 
for advancement, he sailed thither again in 
May, 1 85 1. Here he enjoyed the advantages 
of the extensive practice of the Hon. James 
Wilson, in whose office, at San Francisco, he 
was domiciled, and was admitted to practice as 
attorney and counselor-at-law February 9, 

He returned East, after a year and a half, by 
the Nicaragua route. On the Isthmus an epi- 
sode occurred which shows the character and 
self-reliance of Mr. Burt, and the impression he 

made upon others. The Nicaraguans deemed 
the disembarking and unarmed passengers a 
band of Walker's filibusters, and attacked 
them fiercely. Eight persons were killed, sev- 
eral were wounded. Mr. Burt received bullet- 
holes in his clothing, but no wounds. At their 
request, he at once assumed the leadership of 
the passengers, and, by his efforts, imposing 
appearance and persistent exertions, succeeded 
in getting the company to the Atlantic without 
further molestation. 

On his arrival in Keene he married Ann 
Louisa Davis, of Dublin, November 8, 1855, 
and passed the winter with his parents, who 
had removed there from Westmoreland in 

He was admitted to practice at the Novem- 
ber term of the Supreme Court, in Keene, 1855. 

The wonderful tide of emigration to the West 
interested him, and before returning to the 
Pacific coast he concluded to enjoy a pleasure- 
trip with his wife in the Western States. Leav- 
ing Keene, April 19, 1856, they visited his 
brother in Detroit, and from there went to Dav- 
enport, Iowa, visiting old friends along the 
way. In June they started up the Mississippi 
and stopped at various points, arriving at last 
at Stillwater, Minn., where resided a brother 
law-student. This was a pleasant summer resi- 
dence, and, to oblige his friend, who was called 
away for a brief period, he consented to attend 
to his practice until his return. The absence 
was prolonged by illness, and Mr. Burt became 
so much connected with the business as to be 
unable to leave, and continued in a steadily in- 
creasing and valuable practice until the break- 
ing out of the great Civil War. He was ad- 
mitted as counselor-of-law and solicitor in 
Chancery at St. Paul, Minn., January 13, 1857. 
He was a member of the State Legislature of 
Minnesota in 1862; served on committees — 
Federal relations, military affairs — and was 
chairman of the judiciary committee. 

From the time that Fort Sumter was at- 
tacked Mr. Burt believed that his duty lay in 
joining the defenders of the Union, but val- 
uable interests were in his keeping, and he 
could not desert his clients. He, however, took 
no new cases unless the stipulation was made 



that lie could give them up at any time. Un- 
der the call for six hundred thousand men, 
August 6, 1862, Governor Ramsey divided 
Minnesota into districts and appointed recruit- 
ing officers. One of his commissions named 
William H. Burt as recruiting officer for the 
farming districts of Washington and Chisago 
Counties, with rank of second lieutenant. This 
was accompanied by orders to enlist a company 
for the Seventh Minnesota. Mr. Burt was 
on his way to dinner, August 7, 1862, when he 
received the notice of the appointment. He 
did not return to his office, but assigned to his 
wife the care of his papers and went at once to 
duty. He was enrolled and mustered into ser- 
vice at St. Paul August 8th, and August 9th 
began to form his company. He enlisted a full 
company — ninety-eight men — and reported for 
duty at Fort Snelling August 17th. His com- 
pany elected him captain August 19, and he 
was commissioned August 21, 1862. His was 
appointed color company (C), and ordered into 
immediate service. 

The defenseless condition of the frontier in 
consequence of the removal of all regular sol- 
diers and movable armament, and the departure 
of the five regiments of volunteers, exposed the 
State to the horrors of Indian warfare. A con- 
spiracy of Indian tribes, led by the war-chief 
of the Dakotahs, Little Crow, inaugurated 
the " Minnesota Massacre." Prompt and de- 
cided action was required to suppress it. The 
new recruits, inexperienced and poorly equipped, 
were called upon to protect the State. August 
26th, Captain Burt was ordered to march with 
Companies C and I to Fort Ripley. From 
there his company was ordered to Chippewa 
Agency to guard the government stores and 
show the Chippewas the futility of any at- 
tempt at rebellion. A " council of peace " with 
this tribe was soon held at Fort Ripley, Cap- 
tain Burt being chosen one of the members by 
the Governor, and by its action peaceful rela- 
tions were continued with the tribe. In this 
Captain Burt rendered good service. A special 
session of the Legislature was called to consider 
the condition of affairs, and Captain Burt was 
particularly requested by the Governor to attend 
as a member, and by special order he was 

placed on detached service for that purpose 
and to secure the needed clothing for the poorly- 
clad members of his company, who had hur- 
riedly left their homes in summer dress, ex- 
pecting, after receiving a good military outfit, 
to enjoy a short furlough. The Legislature 
closed its session, the military clothing was 
promised ; two days were taken for his person- 
al matters, in which time his books, papers 
and business were transferred to agents, his 
office vacated, and he was on his way to rejoin 
his company. His life hereafter was to be 
given to his country in hard and exhausting 
service, which finally sapped the strong vigor 
of his stalwart manhood and caused his untime- 
ly death. 

The Seventh Minnesota was assigned to 
duty as guard of the Sioux prisoners at Man- 
kato, where Captain's Burt's detachment joined 
them, and, November, 24, 1862, his company 
was mustered into the United States service. The 
military commission convened sentenced three 
hundred of the captives to close confinement 
and thirty-nine to death. Thirty-eight of 
these brutal murderers were simultaneously ex- 
ecuted by hanging, December 26, 1862. Cap- 
tain Burt, as officer of the day, received great 
credit for his services in carrying out this im- 
portant order. After guarding the three hun- 
dred prisoners until spring, Captain Burt, with 
his company, was detailed as military escort to 
convey the Sioux to Rock Island, which was 
successfully done. He also took part in the 
campaign of the summer of 1863 against the 
hostile Indians and captured Wo-wi-nap-a, the 
son of Little Crow. This expedition drove the 
scattered hostiles beyond the Missouri, and the 
troops reported at Fort Snelling September 16, 

The Seventh was now ordered to St. Louis, 
where it served until April 20, 1864, Captain Burt 
being commissioned major November 6, 1863. 
He was detailed as a member of a general court- 
martial to be convened April 14, 1864 ; but 
as his regiment was ordered South, he pre- 
ferred to go with it. The first station was 
Paducah, Ky., which place they guarded till 
June 19th, when they were ordered to Mem- 
phis, and assigned to the Third Brigade, First 



Division, Sixteenth Army Corps, under Gene- 
ral A. J. Smith. From this time the service 
was hard, exhausting marching, coupled with 
deprivations and splendid fighting. In the 
desperate three days' battle of Tupelo, Miss., 
July 12th, 13th and 14th, the regiment won 
high honors ; at the Tallahatchie, August 7th 
and 8th, again gained praise. In September 
the First Division made one of the hardest 
inarches of the war, in pursuit of General 
Trice, through Arkansas and Missouri, — three 
hundred and twenty miles in nineteen days on 
ten days' rations. Another march eusucd across 
the entire State of Missouri, the troops wading 
through mud and snow, and fording icy rivers. 
The corps participated in the great battle at 
Nashville, December loth and 16th, and after- 
wards joined in the pursuit of Hood through 
Tennessee. They then went to Clifton, Tenn., 
next to Eastport, Miss., then to New Orleans, 
and in March, 18(55, to Dauphin Island, where 
the army was reorganized for the siege of Mo- 

March 20, 1865, the corps was landed on the 
east side of Mobile Bay, and on the 25th 
marched to invest Spanish Fort, the principal 
eastern defense of Mobile. This fort was in- 
vested March 27th, and reduced April 8th. The 
Seventh was constantly under fire, and bore the 
greaterpart of the labor and exposure of the siege. 
After the surrender of Fort Blakely, April 
9th, Mobile was occupied by the Union army. 
The Sixteenth Corps broke camp for a march to 
Montgomery, April 13th. From there the 
Third Brigade went to Selma, Ala., where the 
Seventh did garrison duty until it was ordered 
North to be mustered out of service, and left 
Selma July 20th, and marched to Yieksburg. 
From there Major Burt was sent in advance 
of the regiment, first to St. Louis, then to Fort 
Snelling, Minn., to prepare muster-out rolls, 
and thus expedite the discharge of the men. 
The troops were discharged August 16,1865, 
at Fort Snelling. 

Originally possessed of a strong constitution, 
the exposure of army life exhausted Major 
Burt's vitality, and although the surgeons rec- 
ommended a " sick leave " as absolutely essen- 
tial to recuperate his strength, it was not 

granted by the corps commander, as such an 
efficient officer could not be spared. To him 
the muster out came too late. He returned to 
Kcene ; but health never returned, and while on 
a visit to his only surviving sister (Mrs. Shar- 
lot A. West), at Worcester, Mass., he died, 
March 15, 1866. He was commissioned 
brevet lieutenant-colonel United States volun- 
teers by President Johnson, March 20, 1866, 
the rank to date from April 8, 1865, " for gal- 
lant and meritorious services at the siege of 
Spanish Fort, Mobile Harbor, Alabama." 

Colonel Burt was a superior man. His ideal 
of life and its duties was high. He felt a sense 
of obligation to make the best use of all his 
faculties, and amid all discouraging circum- 
stances he preserved unweakened his integrity 
and independence. The structure of his char- 
acter was systematic, solid and substantial, and 
his manhood was firmly and compactly put to- 
gether. He had a tenacity of purpose that, 
with his positive nature, carried him to suc- 
cess where weaker men would have failed. 1 lis 
religious nature developed as a principle of 
right and duty, making him conscientiously 
honest and honorable in all the relations of 
life. Irreproachable in character, he scorned 
everything low and groveling, stood on the 
highest plane of temperance and purity, and 
won the enduring esteem of his associates. He 
was a devoted son, a strong friend and a valu- 
able member of society. 

The following estimates, from those well 
qualified to judge, will show his proper stand- 
ing as a man, soldier and lawyer. 

Governor Marshall, who served as lieutenant- 
colonel and colonel of the Seventh, and general 
of his brigade, wrote to Colonel Burt from the 
executive chair of Minnesota, December 29, 
1865, — "I am glad this long-delayed commis- 
sion (lieutenant-colonel) has been issued. You 
well earned such recognition of faithful ser- 

From an article in the St. Paul Press, writ- 
ten by a prominent gentleman of Minnesota, we 
make this extract, — " He loved the profession 
of his choice and applied himself to its study 
with a zeal and intensity rarely excelled. His 
ability and industry soon secured lor him an 



extensive practice and a position at the head of 
the bar at which lie practiced, and he was 
retained on one side or other of almost all 
causes of importance. Owing to the character 
of the business of the St. Croix Valley and the 
financial crisis of 1857-58, the litigation was 
extensive and of a most important character. 
This brought him in contact with the best legal 
minds of the State, and as w r ell at nisi prius as 
at the bar of the Supreme Court he was re- 
garded as among the best lawyers of the State. 
He was true to his client, and identified him- 
self, even to a fault, perhaps, with the cause he 
advocated. He was a man of exemplary habits 
and strict integrity. He was very reticent and 
his manners were somewhat abrupt, but a little 
familiarity with him discovered behind this ex- 
terior a heart alive to the kindliest sympathies 
of our nature. Lieutenant-Colonel Burt served 
three years as an officer of the Seventh Min- 
nesota Volunteers, — first as captain of Com- 
pany C, and during the last two years as major 
of the regiment. His record as an officer was 
a most honorable one. Indeed, his life was 
sacrificed to his determination to remain on 
duty with his regiment until it should be mus- 
tered out. He never asked for a leave of ab- 
sence. He was at the post of duty always. 
At the battle of Tupelo, Miss., July, 1864 ; at 
the Tallahatchie, in August ; in the campaign 
in Arkansas and Missouri after Price's army, 
in the fall of 1864; at the battles of Nashville, 
in December, where he conducted with distin- 
guished gallantry the skirmish line of his 
brigade; at the siege of Spanish, Fort, in the 
Mobile campaign, in March and April, 1865, 
he performed the whole duty of a soldier and an 
officer. For these services he was recommended 
by General Marshall and honorably promoted 
by commission from the President as brevet 
Lieutenant-colonel United States Volunteers." 

The eminent jurist, Judge S. J. R. McMil- 
lan, writes, March 26, 1866, in a letter to Mrs. 
Burt, — "The relations of your husband and 
myself during a period of seven or eight years 
brought us much in contact, and afforded me 
ample opportunity of estimating his character. 
During all my acquaintance with him I have 
ever had for him the highest regard and re- 

spect. He was a man of strict integrity and 
uprightness in his private and professional rela- 
tions, and as a lawyer I regard him as one of 
the ablest in the State. His professional ability 
secured him a retainer in almost all the impor- 
tant causes in the court at the bar of which he 
practiced, and brought him in contact with the 
leading lawyers of the State, and placed him 
in circumstances calculated to try every ele- 
ment of his character, and through all he bore 
himself manfully, and acquitted himself with 
great credit. Fraud, dishonesty and chicanery 
he abhorred, and when presented in the course 
of his professional duty, he pursued it unre- 
mittingly. He was prompt and punctual in 
everything he had to do, and I do not remember 
an instance where a cause in which he was en- 
gaged, w T as called for trial, that he was unpre- 
pared through any laches of his own. You 
may well cherish his memory with pride." 

Charles W. Burt, oldest son of Willard 
and Martha (Wood) Burt, and only brother of 
Lieutenant-Colonel William H. Burt, was born 
in Westmoreland, N. H., November 6, 1820. 
He attended, supplementary to his course at 
district schools, Mount Caesar and Lebanon 
Academies, and two years at Norwich (Vt.) 
University. He was a thorough student, 
stood high in his classes, and was a popular 
teacher of district schools for some years. He 
studied law with Hon. Levi Chamberlain, 
was admitted to the bar at Keene, and prac- 
tised his profession at Colebrook, N. H., from 
1848 to 1854, when he removed to Detroit, 
Mich., and engaged in practice. In 1855 he 
formed a partnership with A. B. Maynard, 
Esq., of that city, which continued until the 
untimely death of Mr. Burt, April 11, 1859. 
Mr. Maynard says of him, — "During our en- 
tire partnership our relations were of the plcas- 
antest character. He was a gentleman of 
decided ability, and no young lawyer in the 
city had a better reputation, both for legal 
learning and ability and for the purity and 
uprightness of his character. In his habits he 
was simple and unassuming, and remarkable 
for his industry. Had his life been spared, 
he would, in my judgment, have stood at the 
very head of the bar of Michigan as a learned, 



able and conscientious lawyer." From the re- 
port of a meeting of the Detroit bar we ex- 
tract, — "Leading lawyers paid brief, but feel- 
ing and earnest, tributes of respect to the 
personal worth of* Mr. Burt, and of regard for 
his high personal character. They spoke of 
him as they knew him, — as the modest, retiring, 
yet self-reliant man ; as an earnest seeker after 
truth and justice at all times; as the determined 
hater of what was vicious and wrong ; as the 
warm-hearted, sympathetic man and friend, 
making sacrifices (when he hoped to accom- 
plish good) which few would have done, and 
that' few knew of; as the untiring, indefatigable 
student, the lawyer of sound judgment, exten- 
sive research and of growing, solid reputation. 
These tributes paid to one who had not reached 
life's mid-space were as sincere, hearty and 
flattering expressions of opinion as have ever 
been paid, within our knowledge, to a young 
member of the Detroit bar, and, coming from 
the senior members of the profession, attest the 
professional worth and great promise of Mr. 

Among other members of the bar are men- 
tioned J. Henry Elliot, George A. Wheelock, 
( '. ( '. Webster, Edward Farrar (clerk of courts, 
police justice and ex-mayor), F. S. Fiskc, Har- 
vey Carleton, Don H.Woodward, Horatio Col- 
ony (ex-mayor), Silas Hardy (ex-judge of Pro- 
bate), C. F. Webster, George Ticknor, Hiram 
Blake, L. W. Holmes, E. P. Dole, Francis C. 
Faulkner, Daniel K. Healey, Alfred T. Batch- 
elder (mayor), C. H. Hersey and J. P. Abbott. 

(For additional notices, see town histories). 

The present members of the Cheshire bar are 
as follow- : 

Edward Farrar (clerk of court), of Keene; John T. 
Abbott (Hersey & Abbott), of Keene ; Alfred T. Batch- 
cider ( Batchelder & Faulkner), of Keene; Hiram 
I Make, of Keene; Edmund P. Dole (Lane & Dole, 
also county solicitor), of Keene; William Henry El- 
liot, of Keene; Francis C. Faulkner (Batchelder & 
Faulkner), of Keene; Silas Hardy, of Keene; Daniel 
K. Healey, of Keene; Farnum F. Lane (Lane & 
Dole), of Keene; C. Fred. Webster, of Keene; Leon- 
ard Wellington, of Keene; Don H.Woodward, of 
Kiime; Hosea W. Brigham, of Winchester ; Edmund 
M. Forbes, of Winchester; E.J. Temple, of Hinsdale; 
.1 1 isiah G. Bellows (also judge of Probate), of Walpole ; 
Bolivar Lovell, of Walpole; E. M. Smith, of Alstead; 

Amos J. Blake, of Fitzwilliam ; Jesse B. Twiss, o 

Retired Members of the Cheshire County Bar. 

George A. Wheelock, of Keene; John Henry El- 
liot, of Keene; Horatio Colony, of Keene; Harvey 
Carlton, of Winchester ; John H. Fox, of JaU'rey. 




Cheshire Railroad. — No ■vent in the 
history of Cheshire County has resulted in such 
substantial benefit to its inhabitants as the 
construction of the Cheshire Railroad. 

From 1830 to 1840 the manufacturing: in- 
terests of the county had largely increased. 
Woolen and cotton-mills had been erected on 
many of the numerous streams within the 
county, affording excellent water-power. 

Considerable forests of excellent timber yet 
remained ready to be converted into lumber. 
Various kinds of wooden-ware were manu- 
factured, and ready markets for these commod- 
ities were found in Boston and other towns on 
the New England seaboard. 

The difficulty of transporting heavy freight 
by the slow process of horse-power was a serious 
drawback to these enterprises, and the want of 
railroad communication within the county began 
to be seriously felt. 

As early as 1840 the subject of a railroad 
through the country began to be earnestly dis- 

A charter for the Cheshire Railroad, extend- 
ing from the State line between Massachusetts 
and .Yew Hampshire to Bellows Falls, Yt., 
was obtained December 27, Is II. On 
.July 1, 1845, it was consolidated with the 
Winehendon Railroad Company, chartered in 
Massachusetts, March 1."), 1845, and extending 
from South Ashburnham, Mass., to the Xew 
Hampshire line. This consolidated line forms 
the Cheshire corporation as it exists at the 
present time. 

The opening of the road was the occasion of 
great rejoicing to the citizens of Keene and 



Cheshire County. The event was celebrated in 
Keene with great splendor May 16, 1848. 

The day was unusually fine, and about five 
thousand people, from different parts of the 
county and vicinity, attended the celebration. 

A train from Boston, consisting of fifteen 
cars well filled with people, drawn by two pow- 
erful engines, gaily decorated with flags, ever- 
greens and flowers, arrived at half- past one p.m. 

Its approach was announced, when four miles 
from town, by the discharge of a gun two miles 
distant. This was followed by others stationed 
along the line, and as it entered the town it was 
welcomed by the ringing of bells, the cheers of 
thousands and the rapid discharge of cannon. 

The Suffolk Brass Band, of Boston, accompa- 
nied the train and furnished excellent music for 
the occasion. 

A large procession proceeded to the town hall, 
where a meeting of the stockholders was held ; 
after which the procession was reformed and 
marched back to the depot, where fifteen hun- 
dred people partook of a sumptuous banquet 
prepared by the citizens of Keene. 

After dinner Hon. Levi Chamberlain, in an 
appropriate speech, welcomed the assemblage to 
Keene. Hon. Thomas M. Edwards, president 
of the corporation, followed ; after which 
speeches were made and sentiments offered by 
many eminent citizens of Boston and other 
parts of New England. At the hour of de- 
parture the train moved off on its way to Bos- 
ton amid the cheers of the assembled multitude. 

The remaining portion of the road, from 
Keene to Bellows Falls, Vt., was completed 
January 1, 1849. 

The Cheshire Railroad is the connecting-link 
between Boston (via Rutland) and Burlington. 
It extends through the county from Winchen- 
don, Mass., through the southwest corner of 
Rindge, through Fitzwilliam, Troy, Marlbor- 
ough, Keene, southwest corner of Surry, West- 
moreland and Walpole, where it crosses the 
Connecticut River at Bellows Falls, in Vermont. 

The entire length of the road is fifty-three 
and one-half miles. Within the county it is 
forty-two and three-fourths miles. It is one 
of the most thoroughly-constructed roads in 
the country. Its bridges, culverts and abut- 

ments, built of cut granite, are models of civil 
engineering. The general management, from 
the beginning, has been excellent, and its opera- 
tion unusually free from accidents. 

The cost of the road and equipments amounted 
to $2,71 7,535.26. The annual receipts for 1884 
were $586,685.02; the expenditures for the 
same year, $463,575.79. 

Four gentlemen have acted as presidents of 
the road during its existence of thirty-seven 
years, namely, Hon. T. M. Edwards, Thomas 
Thatcher, E. Murdoch, Jr., and Hon. William 
A. Russell. 

Superintendents, B. F. Adams, L. Tilton, E. 
A. Chapin and Reuben Stewart ; Treasurers, 
C. J. Everett, F. W. Everett and F. H. Kings- 
bury ; Master Mechanics, David Upton, George 
W. Perry and F. A. Perry. 

Mr. Stewart, the present superintendent, is a 
veteran in the service of the company. He 
commenced his service for the road in 1845, 
and was employed three years in its construc- 
tion. He subsequently served as ticket agent, 
general freight agent, cashier and auditor. He 
was assistant superintendent for two years un- 
der Mr. E. A. Chapin, and has held the office 
of superintendent for the past twenty years. 

Ashuelot Railroad. — Before the comple- 
tion of the Cheshire Railroad measures for build- 
ing a railroad through the fertile and populous 
valley of the Ashuelot River were already taken. 
The Ashuelot Railroad was incorporated July 
10, 1846, and the first meeting for organization 
under the charter was called at Winchester 
May 27, 1848. 

John H. Fuller, Esq., of Keene, was chosen 
president; Francis Boyden, of Hinsdale, clerk. 

In November, 1849, the company contracted 
with Messrs. Boody, Ross & Co., of Spring- 
field, Mass., for building the road, and the work 
was speedily pushed to completion. 

On the 9th of December, 1850, the road was 
opened for public travel. 

This road extends from Keene to South Ver- 
non, Vt., a distance of twenty-three and three- 
fourths miles. Its length in Cheshire Countv 
is twenty-three miles. 

As it leaves Keene it passes through Swan- 
zey, Winchester and the southern part of Hins- 



dale ; thence crossing the Connecticut River at 
South Vernon, Vt. It follows the beautiful 
valley of the Ashuelot River, which affords 
abundant water-power, a considerable portion 
of which is improved and a great variety of 
manufactures is carried on. The road is of a 
very light grade and one of the best-constructed 
roads in New England. 

In 1850 the company leased the road to the 
Connecticut River Railroad for a term of ten 
years, from January 1, 1851, at a rent of thirty 
thousand dollars per year. 

At the expiration of this lease it was leased 
to the Cheshire Railroad until January, 1865, at 
twelve thousand dollars per annum. 

The road continued to be operated by the 
Cheshire Company until April 21, 1877, when 
it was again leased to the Connecticut River 
Road at a rental of thirty per cent, of its gross 
earnings, under which management it now re- 

The cost of the road, with equipments, to 
L875, amounted to five hundred thousand 

The receipts and expenditures are included in 
the accounts of the Connecticut River road. 

Si llivan Countv RAILROAD. — The Sulli- 
van County Railroad, extending from Bellows 
Falls, Vt., to Windsor, in the same State, a 
distance of twenty-six miles, was incorporated 
July 10, 1846, and completed February 5, 1840. 

This road crosses the Connecticut River at 
Bellows Falls, and, running mainly through 
Sullivan County, N. H., represses the river at 

Nearly two miles of this road run through 
the northwest portion of Walpole, in Cheshire 
County, where the growing village of North 
Walpole is situated. 

This road is operated by the Connecticut 
River Railroad, and with the latter forms apart 
of the Central Vermont system. 

Concord and Claremont Railroad. — 
The original charter for this road, extending 
from Concord to the Sullivan Railroad, in or 
near the town of ( Jlaremont, was obtained June 
24, 1848. 

The corporation, as it now exists, is a con- 
solidation of the Contoocook Valley, Merri- $22,009.01 

mack and Connecticut Rivers and Sugar River 

The first-named branch extends from Hop- 
kinton, through Plenniker, to Hillsborough 
Bridge, a distance of fifteen miles. This road 
was also chartered June 24, 184S, and com- 
pleted in December, 1849. 

The Merrimack and Connecticut Rivers por- 
tion, constructed under the original charter, 
extends from Concord, through Hopkinton, 
Warner, the southern portion of Sutton, to 
Bradford, a distance of twenty-seven miles. It 
was completed July 10, 1850. 

The Sugar River portion extends from Brad- 
ford, through Newbury, in the county of Mer- 
rimack, and through Sunapee and Newport, to 
Claremont Junction, on the Sullivan Railroad, 
a distance of twenty-nine miles. It was incor- 
porated July 2, 1860, and completed for travel 
in September, 1872. 

The consolidation of the three branches above 
mentioned was effected October 31, 1873, and 
the entire length of the road is seventy-one 
miles. Its length in Sulivan County is about 
eighteen miles. It is now under the same man- 
agement as the Northern Railroad. 

Moxadxock Railroad. — The Monadnock 
Railroad was incorporated December 13, 1848; 
the charter was revived July (3, 1866. It was 
completed for travel June 10, 1871, and ex- 
tends from Winchendon, Mass., through Rindge 
and Jatfrey, to Peterborough, a distance of fif- 
teen and four-fifths miles. Its length in Che- 
shire County is about ten miles. 

Leaving Winchendon, it passes through a low- 
valley between the hills in Rindge until it 
reaches the head- waters of the Contoocook 
River, near the village of West Rindge. It' 
then follows down the valley of Contoocook to 
East Jatfrey, and thence to Peterborough. 

The Upper Contoocook furnishes consider- 
able water-power. Cotton and wooden-ware 
mills are located along its course in Rindge and 
Jatfrey, and this road has been of great benefit 
to these towns. 

The cost of this road amounted to the sum 
of $366,829. 17. The annual receipts for 1884 
were $27,342.39; the expenditures for 1884, 



J. Livingston, of Peterborough, was its first 
president, and C. A. Parks, of Jaffrey, treas- 
urer. After its completion it was operated by 
the company until October 1, 1874, when it 
was leased to the Boston, Barre and Gardiner 
r< >ad for ninety-nine years. 

The lease was transferred to the Cheshire 
Railroad January 1, 1880, for six years, at a 
rental of twelve thousand dollars per annum, 
with the option of extending the same for fif- 
teen years thereafter. 

The road is still operated by the Cheshire 

Manchester and Keene Railroad. — 
This road was incorporated July 16, 1864 ; its 
charter was extended June 24, 1870, and June 
26, 1874. 

It leaves Keene and runs easterly through 
the southwest corner of Roxbury, through 
Marlborough and Harrisville, to Hillsborough 
( 'ounty line ; thence through Hancock to its 
terminus, at Greenfield. 

Its entire length is twenty-six miles ; its 
length in Cheshire County is nearly thirteen 
miles. The scenery along the route, for variety 
and grandeur, is equal to any in the State. 

The building of the road was commenced in 
the summer of 1876, and after considerable 
delay, occasioned by the failure of contractors, it 
was completed on the 29th of November, 

The last spike was driven by Hon. Samuel W. 
Hale, one of the directors of the road. 

On the following day an engine and well- 
filled passenger-car passed over the road, and its 
arrival in Keene was witnessed by a large num- 
ber of spectators. 

April 30, 1880, the Supreme Court, in be- 
half of the bondholders, appointed George A. 
Ramsdell, of Nashua, receiver, who repaired 
and commenced running the road. 

On the 1st of September, 1880, the mortgage 
trustees took possession of the road by order of 
court, and operated it until October 26, 1881, 
when it was sold by them at auction for one 
hundred and twenty-five thousand dollars to 
Hon. S. W. Hale, who afterwards transferred 
his title to the Boston and Lowell and Concord 
Railroads, which corporations continued its oper- 

It is now in good repair and forms a part 
of the Boston and Lowell system. 



Geographical — Original Grant by Massachusetts— First 
Proprietors' Meeting — Laying out the Grant — Early 
Votes — First Settlements — The Pioneers — -The Indian 
Troubles — Building of the Fort — Josiah Fisher killed by 
Indians — Further Depredations of the Savages — The 
Settlement Abandoned. 

The town ofKecnc lies near the centre of 
the county and is bounded as follows : On 
the north by Westmoreland, Surry and Gilsuni ; 
east by Sullivan and lioxbury ; south by Swan- 
zey and west by Chesterfield and Westmoreland. 

The territory embraced within the bounds of 
the present town of Keene, together with a por- 
tion of Sullivan and Roxbury, was one of the 
Massachusetts grants, made in accordance with 
a vote of the General Court of that province of 
July, 1 733. ( )n the 1 9th of October following 
a committee, consisting of Joseph Kellogg, Tim- 
othy Dwight and William Chandler, was ap- 
pointed to lay out the townships on Ashuelot 
River forthwith. They reported in February, 
L734, and the township was lotted in May or 
June following. The first proprietors' meeting 
was held in Concord, Mass., June 2(5, 1734, and 
in September following Jeremiah Hall, Daniel 
Hoar, Josiah Fisher, Elisha Root, Nathaniel 
Rockwood, Seth Heaton and William Puffer vis- 
ited Upper Ashuelot, as the place was called, and 
held a proprietors' meeting. They did not ar- 
rive at the line of the township until late in 
the evening of the 18th, the day to which the 
meeting was adjourned; and, as soon as their 
pilot informed them they had passed it, they 
opened the meeting and adjourned to the next 

At the meeting held the next day a vote was 
passed thai the whole of the intervale land in 


the township should be surveyed, and that half 
of it should be lotted out in two inclosures, one 
so situated as to accommodate the fifty-four 
house-lots laid out on the village plain, the 
other so as to accommodate the nine house-lots 
laid out on Swanzey line. A committee was 
tdso appointed " to search and find out the best 
and most convenient way to travel from the 
upper unto the lower township." 

At this period Upper Ashuelot was a frontier 
settlement, in the bosom of the wilderness. It 
was, of course, most exposed to savage incur- 
sions, and was liable to suffer, in their ex- 
tremity, all those distresses and calamities which 
may be alleviated, if not prevented, by the 
assistance and good offices of others. Its near- 
est neighbor was Northficld, twenty miles dis- 
tant ; Winchester, which was first granted, not 
being then settled, or containing at most not 
more than two or three huts. 

The next meeting of the proprietors was held 
at Concord, Mass., on the last Wednesday of 
May, 1735. The committee appointed to sur- 
vey the intervale land made a report. The lots 
they had laid out contained eight acres; and, as 
they were not all equal in quality, the propri- 
etors voted that certain enumerated lots should 
have qualification, or allowance, to consist of 
from two to four acres each, and appointed 
a committee to lay out these allowances. The 
practice of qualifying lots, thus introduced, was 
afterwards pursued, and occasioned great irreg- 
ularity in the future allotments of land. 

At this meeting a committee was appointed 
"to join with such as the lower town propri- 
etors shall appoint, to search and find out 
whether the ground Mill admit of a convenient 
road from the two townships on Ashuelot River 
down to the town of Townsend." 



At a subsequent meeting, held in September 
of the same year, in the township, the propri- 
etors were assessed in the sum of sixty pounds, 
and a committee was " appointed to bill out this 
money according to the proprietors' directions." 
It appears by the record, that the mode of 
billing out the money remaining in the treasury 
was often practiced. A committee was also ap- 
pointed to lay out a road to the saw-mill place, 
which is about three-quarters of a mile north 
from the house-lots. A vote was also passed 
offering one hundred acres of "middling good 
land " and twenty-five pounds to any person or 
persons who would engage to build a saw-mill, 
and saw boards for the proprietors, at twenty 
shillings per thousand, and slit-work for £3 10s. 
per thousand. John Corbet and Jesse Root 
appeared and undertook to build the mill, and 
a committee was thereupon appointed to lay 
out the land. The mill was to be finished by 
the 1st day of July, 1736. Under date of 
May, 1735, appears a record of the expense of 
laying out the second division of lots. The 
surveyor was allowed fifteen shillings (seventy 
cents), four others were allowed twelve shillings 
and two others ten shillings per day. 

On the 30th day of September, 1736, a meet- 
ing of the proprietors was opened, according to 
appointment, at the house-lot of Joseph Fisher, 
but was immediately removed to the house of 
Nathan Blake. This house was probably the first 
erected in the township. A committee was 
appointed " to agree with a man to build a 
grist-mill," and they were authorized to offer 
" not exceeding forty pounds encouragement 
therefor." The proprietors also voted to build 
a meeting-house at the south end of the town 
street, at the place appointed by the General 
Court's committee, to be forty feet long, twenty 
feet stud and thirty-five feet wide, and to lay 
boards for the lower floor — the house to be 
finished by the 26th day of June, 1737. 

At the same meeting a vote was passed to 
widen the main street, which was originally but 
four rods wide. It provided that, if the pro- 
prietors of the house-lots on the west side of 
the street would surrender four rods in depth 
on the end of their lots adjoining the street, 
they should have it made up in quantity in the 

rear. This proposition was acceded to, and to 
this measure the village is indebted for its broad 
and elegant main street. 

No person had hitherto attempted to remain 
through the winter in the township. Those 
who came in the summer to clear their lands 
brought their provisions with them, and erected 
temporary huts to shelter them from the weather. 
In the summer of 1736 at least one house 
was erected ; and three persons, Nathan Blake, 
Seth Heaton and William Smeed, — the two first 
from Wrentham and the last from Deerfield, — 
made preparations to pass the winter in the 
wilderness. Their house was at the south end 
of the street. Blake had a pair of oxen and a 
horse, and Heaton a horse. For the support of 
these, they collected grass in the open spots; 
and in the first part of the winter they employed 
them in drawing logs to the saw-mill, which 
had just been completed. Blake's horse fell 
through the ice of Beaver Brook and was 
drowned. In the beginning of February their 
own provisions were exhausted, and to obtain 
a supply of meal, Heaton was dispatched to 
Northfield. There were a few families at Win- 
chester, but none able to furnish what was 
wanted. Heaton procured a quantity of meal ; 
but before he left Northfield the suow began to 
fall, aud when, on his return, he arrived at Win- 
chester, it was uncommonly deep, and covered 
w T ith a sharp crust. He was told "that he might 
as well expect to die in Northfield and rise 
again in Upper Ashuelot, as ride thither on 
horseback." Remembering the friends he had 
left there, he nevertheless determined to make 
the attempt, but had proceeded but a short 
distance when he found that it would be impos- 
sible to succeed. He then returned, and directed 
his course towards Wrentham. Blake and 
Smced, hearing nothing from Heaton, gave the 
oxen free access to the hay, left Ashuelot, and 
on snow shoes proceeded either to Deerfield or 
Wrentham. Anxious for their oxen, they 
returned early in the spring. They found them 
near the Branch, southeast of Carpenter's, much 
emaciated, feeding upon twigs and such grass as 
was bare. The oxen recognized their owner, 
and exhibited such pleasure at the meeting as 
drew tears from his eyes. 



At a meeting of the proprietors, held May 12, 
1737, they voted to assess sixty pounds on the 
proprietors of the house-lots for the purpose of 
hiring a gospel minister, and chose a committee 
to agree with some meet person to preach the 
gospel among them. This meeting was ad- 
journed, to be held at the meeting-house place 
on the 20th of* May. On the day appointed it 
was there opened, but was immediately removed 
to the intervale land, and there a vote was passed 
that another division of meadow land should be 
made. A committee was also chosen to "rep- 
resent this propriety in applying to, and receiv- 
ing of, the Honourable, the General Court's 
committee for this township, the money granted 
to said proprietors when they shall have the 
frame of a meeting-house raised, and forty 
proprietors settled on the spot." 

The next meeting was held at the meeting- 
house frame, June 30th. Jeremiah Hall was 
recompensed for his services in searching for 
and laying out a road to Townsend, and two 
others were added to the committee appointed 
to apply to the General Court's committee "for 
the one hundred pounds" mentioned in the 
proceedings of the last meeting. It was also 
voted "that no meeting of the proprietors be 
held, for the future, but at this place, so long as 
there shall be seven proprietors inhabiting 

At a meeting held October 26th a vote was 
passed that the "worthy Mr. Jacob Bacon should 
draw for the second division of meadow land, 
for the whole propriety.*' This is the first time 
that the name of Mr. Bacon, who was the first 
settled minister of the town, is mentioned in the 

At the same meeting a vote was passed to 
lay out one hundred acres of upland to each 
house-lot or right. The proprietors were to 
draw lots for choice, and he who drew No. 1, 
was to make his pitch by a certain day; and 
those who drew the successive numbers on suc- 
cessive day-, excluding Sundays, thus "giving 
every man hi- day." Each lot was surveyed by 
a committee, in such place and in such shape as 
the proprietor drawing it directed. Some of 
the plans recorded in the proprietors' records 
exhibit figures which Euclid never imagined, 

and probably could not measure. Common 
land was left in every part of the township, in 
pieces of all sizes and shapes. 

Although the whites were at this time at 
peace with the Indians, yet, deeming it not pru- 
dent to remain without some means of defense, 
the proprietors at this meeting voted that they 
would finish the fort, which was already begun, 
and that every one that should work or had 
worked at said fort should briny; in his account 
to the surveyor of highways and should be al- 
lowed therefor on his highway tax-bill. This 
fort was situated on a small eminence a few rods 
north of the present residence of Lemuel Hay- 
ward. When completed it was about ninety 
feet square; there were two ovens and two wells 
in the inclosure. It was built of hewn logs. 
In the interior, next to the walls, Mere twenty 
barracks, each having one room. On the out- 
side it was two stories high, in the inside but 
one, the roof over the barracks sloping inwards. 
In the space above the barracks were loop-holes 
to fire from with muskets. There were two 
watch-houses, one at the southeast corner and 
one on the western side, each erected on four 
high posts set upright in the earth ; and for 
greater safety, the whole was surrounded by 

January 7, 1740, a meeting of the proprietors 
was held. In the warrant calling it, an article 
was inserted " To make such grant or grants of 
land to such person or persons as they shall 
think deserve the same for hazarding their lives 
and estates by living here to bring forward the 
settling of the place." Upon this article the 
following vote was passed, which probably gives 
the names of nearly all the men then residing 
in the township and the number of dwellings 
erected : 

" Voted, to grant ten acres of upland to each of the 
persons hereafter named, viz. : Jacoh Bacon, clerk; 
Josiah Fisher, Joseph Fisher, Nathan Blake, William 
Smeed, Seth Heaton, Joseph Ellis, Ebenezer Nims, 
Joseph Guild, Joseph Richardson, Isaac Clark, Ed- 
ward Dale, Jeremiah Hall. Ebenezer Force, Daniel 
Haws, Amos Foster, Ebenezer Day, Beriah Maccaney, 
Jabe/. Bill, Obed Blake, Jeremiah Hall, Jr., David 
Nims, Timothy Puffer, Ebenezer Daniels, Nathan 
Fairbanks, John Bullard, David Foster, Solomon 
Richardson, Aimer Ellis, Benjamin Guild, Asa Rich- 



unison, Ebehezer Hill, Samuel Fisher, Ephraim Dor- 
man, Timothy Sparhawk, Jonathan Underwood, John 
Andrews, Samuel Smith, Samuel Daniels (39), and to 
such other persons having an interest here, who, from 
the first of next March to March, 1742, shall make 
up the quantity or space of two years in living here, 
and build a legal dwelling-house, to the number of 
sixty, including those before mentioned." 

A rumor of war having reached the town- 
ship, the proprietors, February 25th, voted 
that thev would build another fort whenever 
seven of the proprietors should request it. It is 
not known that this fort was ever built. Thev 
also voted that there should be allowed for 
every man who should work upon the forts 
eight shillings, and for every pair of oxen four 
shillings, per day. 

The long and spirited contest between the 
provinces of Massachusetts and New Hamp- 
shire, respecting the divisional line between 
them, had been carried before the King in Coun- 
cil, and, in 1740, a decision was made that 
from a point three miles north of Pawtucket 
Falls the line should run due west until it 
reached His Majesty's other governments. This 
left Upper Ashuelot far within the boundaries 
of New Hampshire. Upon this subject the 
proprietors, on the 3d day of October, held. a 
meeting, and the following proceedings appear 
upon their records : 

"The proprietors being informed that by the deter- 
mination of his majesty in council, respecting the 
controverted bounds between the province of Massa- 
chusetts and New-Hampshire, they are excluded from 
the province of the Massachusetts Bay, to which they 
always supposed themselves to belong. 

" Therefore, unanimously voted that a. petition be 
presented to the King's most excellent majesty, set- 
ting forth our distrest estate, and praying we may be 
annexed to the said Massachusetts province. 

"Also unanimously voted, that Thomas Hutchin- 
son, Esq., be empowered to present the said petition 
to his majesty, and to appear and fully to act for and 
in behalf of this town, respecting the subject matter 
of said petition, according to his best discretion." 

Mr. Hutchinson had previously been ap- 
pointed the agent of Massachusetts to procure 
an alteration of the order in Council. He made 
a voyage to England, but failed to accomplish 
the object of his agency. 

On the 10th of July, Deacon Josiah Fisher 
was killed as he was driving his cow to pasture. 

The road leading up the river then left the 
main street by Mr. Lamson's tan-yard, led 
along the margin of the meadow, back of his 
house, crossed West Street a few rods west of 
Aaron Hall's house and continued up the river, 
near the adjoining low land, until it came upon 
the route of the present turnpike above Deacon 
Wilder's house, now occupied as a tavern. 
Fisher was found dead and scalped in the road, 
near where the Lamson Block now stands, 
and it was supposed that the Indian who shot 
him was concealed behind a log which then lay 
within the present limits of Mr. Lamson's gar- 
den. He had a brass slug in his wrist, which, 
at the time, was conjectured to have been cut 
from a warming-pan that had lately been lost 
by one of the inhabitants. 

In the early part of the year 1746 the Gen- 
eral Court of Massachusetts sent a party of men 
to Canada, for what purpose was not generally 
known. On their return they passed through 
Upper Ashuelot. On arriving in sight of the 
settlement they fired their guns. This, of course, 
alarmed the inhabitants, and all who were out — 
and several were in the woods making sugar — 
hastened home. From some cause or other sus- 
picion was entertained that a party of Indians 
had followed the returning whites, and for sev- 
eral days the settlers were more vigilant and 
more circumspect in their movements, seldom 
leaving the fort, except to look after their cattle, 
which were in the barns and at the stacks in 
the vicinity. 

Early in the morning of the 23d of April, 
Ephraim Dorman left the fort to search for his 
cow. He went northwardly, along the borders 
of what was then a hideous and almost imper- 
vious swamp, lying east of the fort, until he 
arrived near to the place where the turnpike 
now is. Looking into the swamp, he perceived 
several Indians lurking in the bushes. He 
immediately gave the alarm, by crying " In- 
dians ! Indians ! " and ran towards the fort. 
Two, who were concealed in the bushes between 
him and the fort, sprang forward, aimed their 
pieces at him and fired, but neither hit him. 
They then, throwing away their arms, advanced 
towards him ; one he knocked down by a blow, 
which deprived him of his senses ; the other he 



seized, and, being a strong- man and able 
wrestler, tried his strength and skill in his 
favorite mode of "trip and twitch." lie tore 
his antagonist's blanket from his shoulder, leav- 
ing him nearly naked. He then seized him by 
the arms and body; but as he was painted and 
greased, he slipped from his grasp. After a 
short struggle, Dorman quitted him, ran to- 
wards the fort and reached it in safety. 

When the alarm was given, the greater pari 
of the inhabitants were in the fort ; but some 
had just left it to attend to their cattle. Cap- 
tain Simms, the commander, as was the custom 
every morning before prayers, was reading a 
chapter in the Bible. He immediately exclaimed, 
" Rush out, and assist those who are out to get 
in ! " Most of the men immediately rushed out, 
and each ran where his interest or affections led 
him ; the remainder chose positions in the fort, 
from which they could lire on the enemy. 

Those who were out, and within hearing, 
instantly started for the fort ; and the Indians, 
from every direction, rushed into the street, fill- 
ing the air with their usual horrid yell. Mrs. 
Mclvenny had gone to the barn, near where 
Miss Fiske's house now stands, to milk her 
cow. She was aged and corpulent, and could 
only walk slowdy. When she was within a few 
rods of the fort, a naked Indian, probably the 
one with whom Dorman had been wrestling, 
darted from the bushes on the east side of the 
street, ran up to her, stabbed her in the back, 
and crossed to the other side. She continued 
walking, in the same steady pace as before, 
until she had nearly reached the gate of the 
fort, when the blood gushed from her mouth, 
and she fell and expired. John Bullard was at 
his barn, below Dr. Adams'; he ran towards 
the fort, but the instant he arrived at the gate, 
he received a shot in his back. He fell, was 
carried in and expired in a few hours. Mrs. 
( Hark was at a barn, near the Todd house, 
about fifty rods distant. Leaving it, she espied 
an Indian near her, who threw away his gun, 
and advanced to make her a prisoner. She 
gathered her clothes around her waist, and 
started for the fort. The Indian pursued; the 
woman, animated by cheers from her friends, 
outran her pursuer, who skulked back for his 

gun. JS T athan Blake was at his barn, near 
where his son's house now stands. Hearing 
the cry of Indians, and presuming his barn 
would be burnt, he determined that his cattle 
should not be burnt with it. Throwing open 
his stable-door, he let them loose, and presum- 
ing his retreat to the fort was cut oil*, went out 
at a back-door, intending to place himself in 
ambush at the only place where the river could 
be crossed. lie had gone but a lew steps 
when he was hailed by a party of Indians con- 
cealed in a shop between him and the street. 
Looking back, he perceived several guns pointed 
at him, and at this instant several Indians 
started up from their places of concealment 
near him, upon which, feeling himself in their 
power, he gave himself up. They shook hands 
with him, and to the remark he made that he 
had not yet breakfasted, they smilingly replied 
that " it must be a poor Englishman who could 
not go to Canada without his breakfast." Pass- 
ing a cord around his arms above the elbows, 
and fastening them close to his body, they gave 
him to the care of one of the party, who eon- 
ducted him to the woods. 

The number of Indians belonging to the 
party w r as supposed to be about one hundred. 
They came near the fort, on every side, and fired 
whenever they supposed their shot would be 
effectual. They, however, neither killed nor 
wounded any one. The whites fired whenever 
an Indian presented himself, and several of 
them were seen to fall. Before noon the 
savages ceased firing, but they remained several 
days in the vicinity. 

The guns first fired were heard at the fort in 
Swanzey, the commander of which immediately 
sent an express to Winchester, with information 
that the Indians had made an attack upon Upper 
Ashuelot. From Winchester an express was 
sent to the next post, and so on from post to 
post to Northampton, where Colonel Pomeroy 
commanded. Collecting all the troops and 
militia there, and pressing all the horses in the 
place, he instantly, at their head, set out for 
Upper Ashuelot, and on his way added to his 
number all the disposable force in the interme- 
diate settlements. In little more than forty- 
eight hours from the time the express started 



from Swanzey he, with four or five hundred 
men, arrived at Upper Ashuelot, the distance 
down and back being at least ninety miles. 
The arrival so soon of this relief was as unex- 
pected as it was gratifying to the settlers. The 
next morning Pomeroy sent out his men to 
scour the woods in search of Blake. While 
these were absent the Indians again showed 
themselves on the meadow southeast of the 
fort, where they killed a number of cattle. To 
recall the troops, an alarm was fired, but was 
not heard. In the afternoon they returned 
unsuccessful, and that evening Mr. Bullard and 
Mrs. McKenny were buried. The next morn- 
ing they found the track of the Indians, and 
followed it until they came to the place of their 
encampment at night. This was east of Beech 
Hill, not far from the present residence of Cap- 
tain Chapman. It appearing that they dis- 
persed, when departing from this place, they 
were pursued no farther. Colonel Pomeroy, on 
his way back to the fort, found that a house 
belonging to a Mr. Heaton, and standing near 
the place where his son's house now stands, had 
been burnt. Among the ashes they discovered 
human bones, and the leg of an Indian, uncon- 
sumed. As it is known to have been the custom 
of the Indians to take the most effectual means 
in their power to conceal the amount of their 
loss, they had doubtless placed in this house, 
before they set it on fire, the bodies of such of 
their party as had been killed, which they had 
not otherwise concealed. The number, as near 
as could be ascertained, was nine, and one or 
two were burnt in the barn of Mr. Blake. 

The next day inquiry was made for Mark 
Ferry, the hermit. As he did not reside 
among them, and had never performed the 
duties of relation, friend or companion to any 
of the settlers, they felt little solicitude for his 
fate ; but, Colonel Pomeroy offering to send a 
party of men, they agreed to send a pilot to 
the place where they supposed he might be 
found. This was Ferry meadow, on the 
stream called Ferry Brook, within the present 
limits of Sullivan, whither he had repaired, as 
to a place of safety, when driven by the flood 
from his cave from Bui lard's Island. They 
found his horse confined under the shelter of 

the root of a fallen tree, and, looking further, 
espied him perched high upon the limb of a 
large tree, mending his clothes. His personal 
appearance indicated that he had not received 
the benefit of shaving, nor ablution, for months. 
They compelled him to descend, brought him to 
the fort, led him to the officers' quarters, and, 
with mock formality, introduced him to all the 
officers and gentlemen of the party. 

Apprehending no further danger to the 
settlers, Colonel Pomeroy and his men returned 
to their homes. 

In the early part of May the same or 
another party of Indians hovered about the 
settlement, watehing for an opportunity to 
make prisoners and to plunder. For several 
successive nights the watch imagined that they 
heard some person walking around the fort. 
When it came to the turn of young McKenny, 
whose mother had been killed, to watch, he 
declared he should fire on hearing the least 
noise without the fort. In the dead of ni^ht 
he thought he heard some person at the picket 
gate, endeavoring to ascertain its strength. 
Having loaded his gun, as was usual among 
the first settlers of the country, with two balls 
and several buckshot, he fired through the gate, 
which was made of thin boards. In the morn- 
ing blood was discovered on the spot and also a 
number of beads, supposed to have been cut, 
by the shot, from the wampum of the Indian. 

The inhabitants remained in the fort until 
March or April, 1747. About this time they 
passed an informal vote, releasing Mr. Bacon, 
their minister, from all his obligations to them, 
and resolved to abandon the settlement, which 
resolution was immediately executed. Soon 
after, a party of Indians visited the place and 
burnt all the buildings, except the mill on 
Beaver Brook and the house in which the 
miller had resided. 

It has been already mentioned that Mr. 
Blake, when captured, was pinioned and con- 
ducted by an Indian into the woods. After 
traveling about two miles they came to a small, 
stony brook. The Indian stooped to drink, 
and, as Blake's hands were not confined, he 
thought he could easily take up a stone and 
beat out his brains. He silently prayed for 



direction, and his next thought was that lie 
should always regret that he had killed an 
Indian in that situation, and he refrained. 

NO particulars of his journey to Canada have 
been obtained, except that he passed by ( !harles- 
town. At Montreal he, with another prisoner 
of the name of Warren, was compelled to run 
the gauntlet. Warren, receiving a blow in the 
face, knocked down the Indian who gave it, 
upon which he was assaulted by several, who 
beat him unmercifully, making him a cripple 
for life. Blake, exhibiting more patience and 
fortitude, received no considerable injury. He 
was then conducted to Quebec, and thence to 
an Indian village several miles north of that 
place, called Conissadawga. He was a strong, 
athletic man, and possessed many qualities 
which procured him the respect of the savages. 
He could run with great speed, and in all the 
trials to which he was put, and they were many 
and severe, he beat every antagonist. 

Not long after his arrival at the village the 
tribe lost a chief by sickness. As soon as his 
decease was made known the women repaired 
to his wigwam, and, with tears, sobs and 
clamorous lamentations, mourned his death. 
The funeral ceremonies performed, the men 
-ought Blake, dressed him in the Indian 
costume, and invested him with all the 
authority and privileges of the deceased, as one 
of the chiefs of the tribe and as husband of the 
widow. In the family to which he now stood 
in the relation of father there were, as he has 
often remarked, several daughters of uncommon 
beauty. Yet, notwithstanding this good fortune, 
he still had difficulties to encounter. The tribe 
was divided into two parties, his friends and 
his enemies. The former consisted of the 
great mass of the tribe, who respected him for 
qualities to which they had not equal pre- 
tensions ; the latter, of those who were envious 
of his success and had been worsted in their 
contests with him. These, to humble his pride, 

sent far into the northern wilderness, and pro- 
cured a celebrated Indian runner to run against 
him. At the time assigned, the whole tribe 
assembled to witness the race, and a French- 
man, from Quebec, happened to be present. 
Perceiving the excitement among then, he ad- 
vised Blake to permit himself to be beaten, 
intimating that fatal consequences might ensue 
if he did not. The race was run, and Blake, 
as advised by the Frenchman, permitted his 
antagonist to reach the goal a moment before 
he did. He persisted, however, after his 
return from captivity, in declaring that he 
might have beaten him if he had tried. The 
event of the race restored harmony to the tribe, 
and Blake was permitted to live in peace. 

But, remembering the family he had left, he 
felt anxious to return to his home. After 
much intercession, the tribe proposed that if he 
would build a house like those of the English, 
he should be permitted to go to Quebec. Pre- 
suming that, when there, he could more easily 
obtain his liberty, he gladly acceded to the 
proposition. With such tools as the Indians 
possessed he prepared the necessary timber, 
splitting the boards from the tree, and soon 
completed his task. He then went to Quebec 
and gave himself up to the French. He had 
been there but a short time, when his Indian 
wife came iu a canoe to reclaim him. He re- 
fused to return, but, she soliciting and even 
demanding him, he declared to her that, if he 
should be compelled to set out with her, he 
w r ould overturn the canoe and drown her, upon 
which she concluded to return without him. 
In the fall the French commandant gave Blake 
his election to pass the winter, as a laborer, with 
a farmer in the vicinity of Quebec, or be confined 
in the common gaol. He chose the latter, and 
had no reason to regret his choice, as he had a 
comfortable room and sufficient rations assigned 
him. He remained in confinement until spring, 
when his liberation was procured. 




KEENE— ( Continued). 

Close of the Indian Troubles— Return of the Settlers— Up- 
per Ashuelot Again Occupied — Incorporation of the 
Town — Captain Jeremiah Hall Appointed Agent — The 
First Petition for Incorporation, in 1751, not Granted 
—The Petition of 1753— Charter Granted April 11, 1753 
— First Meeting of Proprietors — The Town Revisited by 

The year 1750 witnessed the return of the 
settlers to the Upper Ashuelot, from whence 
they had been driven a few years previously by 
the merciless Indian war which was carried on 
by King Philip. 

Upon the reoccupation of the place the set- 
tlers at once decided to present a petition to the 
Governor for the incorporation of the territory, 
and the first movement for the incorporation of 
the town by the State of New Hampshire was 
under date of February 11, 1750, when 
Captain Jeremiah Hall was appointed to pre- 
sent the case to the Governor as follows : 

" We whose Names are Hereunto Subscribed In- 
habitants of the upper Ashuelot for a Long time 
Labour under many Great Difficulties for want of 
Town Priviledges we Do Therefore Hereby Constitute 
and Impower our Trusty friend Cap* Jeremiah Hall 
to Represent our Difficulties to his Excellency the' 
Governor of New Hampshire and to Any Others Con- 
cerned In that affair that we may be Incorporated 
Into a Town and Likewise -we give power to him to 
Chuse a man to assist him In the affaires 
"Upper Ashuelot February y e 11 th 1750 
"William Smeed Ebenezer Day 

Ebenezer Nims Gideon Ellis 

David Nims Michaell Medcalf 

Ephraim Dorman Michaell medcalf jr 

Nathan Fairbanks Oliver Medcalf 

Joseph Elles Abijah medcalf 

Jonathan Underwood Jabez Hill 

John Rogers Dayid Foster 

Nathan Blake Amos Foster" 

"We the Subscribers Do hereby Impower Cap' 
Jeremiah Hall to Pertition In our behalf for the Upper 
Township on Ashuelot River where we Dwell to his 
Excellency the Governour of New Hampshire and all 
Concern'd in that affair In the same form that it was 
laid out by the Massachusetts 
"Upper Ashuelot Feb 1 * 11 th 1750 

" William Smeed Jabez Hill 

Ebenezer Nims Jonathan underwood 

David Nims John Rogers 

Ephraim Dorman Elijah Dorman 

Nathan Fairbanks 
Joseph Elles 
Nathan Blake 
Ebenezer Day 
Gideon Ellis 
Michael Medcalf 

David Foster 
Oliver medcalf 
Michaell medcalf jr 
Abijah medcalf 
Samuell Hall 
Jesse Hall " 

February 20th, Benjamin Guild was chosen 
to assist Captain Hall in " Petitioning His Ex- 
cellency " as follows : 

" We whose Names are Hereunto Subscribed Being 
Propriators of the Upper Ashuelot Township so 
called Do hereby Impower M r Benjamin Guild to 
joyne with Cap* Jeremiah Hall in Petitioning His 
Exelency the Govoner of the Province of New Ham- 
shire He observing the Instructions Given by others 
of the Propriators to the said Cap 1 Hall 

" Wrentham Feb r 20 th 1750 

" John Whiting William Hancock 

Daniel Haws Samuel Danils 

Joseph Fisher Esther Messenger 

Samuel Fisher Jonathan Whiting 

Benjamin Guild Jacob Bacon 

Obediah Blake Nath 11 Fairbnks 

Ebenezer Daniells Abigail Guild 

Nathaniel Ware Robert Blak 

Hannah Dale Seth Heaton 

Abner Ellis Elijah Blake 

Asa Richardson Josiah Fisher for the 
Sarah Greene hares of Aaron 

Joseph Richardson Fisher 

Daniell maceene Nathan Bucknam " 

The following is the first petition for the in- 
corporation of the town, 1751 : 

" To His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq r Gov- 
ernor and Commander in Chief in and over his 
Majestys Province of New Hampshire and to the 
Honorable his majestys Councill for said Province 
" The Petition of Jeremiah Hall and Benjamin 
Guild in behalf of them Selves and others Inhabitants 
Setlers and Proprietors of a certain Tract of land 
Called the upper Township on Ashuelot River in the 
Province of New Hampshire on the East side of Con- 
necticut River (a plan of which Tract of land is here- 
with presented) most humbly Sheweth, that in the 
year 1737, in virtue of a Grant from the massachusets 
Government, a plantation was begun on said Tract of 
land — That in the year 1738 a minister was settled 
there and a meeting house built — That before the last 
Indian War with the Indians there were Thirty one 
Dwelling houses built on said Tract of land Sundry 
barns and a Fort of near a hundred foot square having 
eighteen fire Rooms within said fort a Saw mill and 
Grist mill built — that the setlers and others who were 
preparing for setling there before the Indian War had 
made large Improvements there and laid out their 
Substance in doing the Same — 



"That in the Spring of y e year 1747 — The Indians 

burnt down all the dwelling Houses there except four 

— also burnt down all the Barns but one also burnt 

down the meeting house and the Fort also much 

houshold Stuff and killed Considerable Cattle Horses 

Sheep and Swine That the s' 1 Settlers and Proprietors 

are returned and returning on to the said Tract of 

land in order to cultivate and Improve the same and 

in case a peace Continues with tbe Indians in a few 

years there will be forty or fifty familys in case there 

was an Incorporation — Wherefore your Petitioners 

most humbly Pray your Excellency and Honours to 

Incorporate the s' 1 Tract of land agreeable to the 

bounds thereof by the plan annexed and grant to your 

Petitioners and others their Constituents such Ini- 

mutys and Privileges as other Towns Enjoy in this 

Tic iv i nee & your Petitioners as in duty bound 

shall ever pray &c 

"March y 4*1750-1 

" Jeremiah Hall. 

"Benjamin Guild." 

This petition, however, was not granted, and, 

February 2, 1753, the following petition was 

presented and a charter was granted April 11, 

17o.'>, under the name of Keene, probably in 

honor of Sir Benjamin Keene, of England, who 

at that time was minister from England to 

Spain : 

" Upper Ashualot Feb" y c 2 d 1753 
" We whose names are underwritten Do hereby 
Authorize and Impower our Trusty Friend M r 
Ephraim Dorman to Prefer a Petition to his Excel- 
lency the Governour of New Hampshire for a Town- 
ship known by the Name of the Upper Ashuelot and 
to Pray his Excellency to Grant a Charter of this 
Land to the Inhabitants and others Concerned in said 
Lands and to Insert a Clause in said Petition Praying 
his Excellency that if it might be Consistent with his 
Pleasure he would Insert a Clause in his Charter 
whereby every man may be Intitled to those Lands 
which he Thought himself to be the Honest owner of 
he Paying the Charges that have arisen on said Lands 
to Prevent Endless Law-Suits and other Difliculties 
Impending over us and to set forth in said Petition 
the Great Cost and Expence we have been at in Build- 
ing two Forts and I '.fending the Kings Lands and 
the Great Losses we have Sustained by the Enemy as 
set forth in the Petition Lodged with M Atkinson 
Secretary and to take the Names Lodged with M r 
Livermore and annex to said Petition 

"Jeremiah Hall David Nims 

William Barnes Ebenezer Day 

Ebenezer Daniells William Smeed 

Jabez Hill Ebenezer Nims 

Timothy Harington [saac Clark 

Daniel Twitchel Nathan Blake 

Amos foster Michael medcalf ju 

Titus Belding 
Samuel Reed 
Benjamin Larrabee 
David Foster 
Benjamin Twitchell 

Joseph Elles 
Gideon Ellis 
Eleazer Sanger 
Jonah French " 

The first meeting of the proprietors, under 
this charter, was held at Keene, on the first 
Wednesday of May. Votes were passed grant- 
ing to Benjamin Bellows one hundred and 
twenty-two Spanish milled dollars for his ser- 
vices and expenses in obtaining the charter; 
and to Ephraim Dorman eight dollars forgoing 
to Portsmouth ; raising one hundred and twenty- 
two pounds, old tenor, to procure preaching : 
and granting to Theodore Atkinson, the sec- 
retary of the province, three hundred acres of 

The first town-meeting was held May 2, 
1753, and the following officers were chosen: 
Selectmen, Ephraim Dorman, Michael Metcalf 
and William Smeed; Town Clerk, David 
Nims; Treasurer, David Nims; Constable, 
Ebenezer Nims; Surveyors of High way.--, 
Gideon Ellis and Isaac Clark; Hog-Reeves, 
Jonah French and William Barran; Fence- 
Viewers, Lieutenant Seth Hcaton and Nathan 
Blake ; Field-Drivers, John French and 
Samuel Hall. Benjamin Bellows was moder- 
ator of this meeting. 

The inhabitants immediately directed their 
attention to the concerns of religion. As a place 
for public worship, they erected a building of 
slabs, the earth serving as a floor; and with the 
inhabitants of Swanzey they made a joint 
arrangement for the settlement of a pastor. 

In the warrant calling a town-meeting, to be 
held June 13th, is the following article : "To see 
if they (the freeholders, etc.) will make choice 
of the Rev. Mr. Carpenter for our minister." 
From the expressions here used it is probable 
the church had already acted on the subject. 
At the meeting Mr. Carpenter was chosen; the 
sum of "fifty pounds, silver money, at six shil- 
lings and eight-pence the ounce, or equivalent 
in our own province bills," was offered him as a 
settlement; and the town engaged to find him, 
yearly, twenty cords of fire-wood. A contract 
was subsequently made with Mr. Carpenter, 
which was to continue in force three years, ami 



in which it was stipulated that he should receive 
from Keene a salary of twenty-six pounds, 
lawful money. He also officiated as the minister 
of Swanzey. 

In December the inhabitants voted to build 
a meeting-house, fortv-five feet long and thirty- 
live wide, and agreed to set it at "the crotch of 
the roads, so called, one road leading up the 
river, and the other across the river to Ash 

But in January, 1754," in consideration of the 
unfitness of the ground, and the exposedness to 
fire, and to the enemy, in case of a war," they 
voted to set the house "on the road that goeth 
from the town street to the mills, on the highest 
ground, between the causeway, by William 
Smeed's, and the bridge, by the clay-pits,' 
Smeed lived where Dr. Twitchell, Sr., resided, 
and the bridge was north of what was known as 
Colonel Perry's store. 

In this year the savages again committed 
acts of hostility. Some time in the fall an 
express arrived at Keene bringing information 
that a party of the enemy had appeared in the 
vicinity of Penacook (Concord), where they 
had killed and captured several whites. This 
was in the afternoon. The inhabitants imme- 
diately assembled, and appointed several persons 
to keep guard through the night, directing 
them to walk continually from the house of 
David Ninas (near Lewis Page's house, in 
Prison Street) to the meadow gate (near Mr. 
Carpenter's), and agreed immediately to com- 
plete the fort, the rebuilding of which had 
already been commenced. The next day every 
one able to labor went to work upon the fort, and 
soon prepared it for the reception of the settlers. 

When traces of Indians were discovered near 
any of the frontiers it Mas the custom to fire, as 
an alarm to all within hearing, three guns in 
regular and quick succession. If heard at any 
of the posts, it was answered iu the same man- 
ner ; if not answered, the alarm was repeated. 
In June the people of Westmoreland, discover- 
ing traces of Indians, fired an alarm, which 
was heardat Keene. A body of men was im- 
mediately sentto their relief ; but they returned 
without discovering the enemy. That they 


were lurking in the vicinity and that they fol- 
lowed home the party from Keene is probable, 
as the next day they captured Benjamin Twitchell. 
He had been to Ash Swamp ; on his return he 
took with him a tub, which, it is supposed, he 
carried upon his head. This tub was afterwards 
found on the east bank of the river, near where 
the mills now stand ; and there the Indians 
probably seized him. He was conducted up the 
river; in the meadows west and north of Dea- 
con Wilder's the Indians killed several oxen, a 
horse and colt. The colt was cut up and the 
best pieces of meat carried off. In this meadow 
they left a bow, made of lever-wood, and sev- 
eral arrows. They encamped for the night in 
McCurdy's meadow, in Surry, where four 
crotched sticks were discovered driven into the 
ground in such positions as led to the belief 
that to each was confined one of the limbs of 
the prisoner. The party then proceeded to Que- 
bec, where Twitchell met with Josiah Foster 
and his family, who were captured at Winches- 
ter. For the honor of Foster, the particulars 
of his capture should be recorded. Returning 
home one evening, he found his house in the 
possession of Indians, who had captured his wife 
and children. He could have escaped ; but he 
determined to give himself up, that he might 
share their fate and have an opportunity to 
alleviate their sufferings. He accompanied 
them to Quebec, carrying his wife on his back 
a great part of the way. There they remained 
until, being ransomed, they were sent by water 
to Boston. Twitchell was put on board the 
same vessel ; but, being taken sick, he was set 
on shore and died in a few days. 

A month or two afterwards a party of In- 
dians were discovered in the meadow south of 
the town line by the people of Swanzey. They, 
with four soldiers to guard them, were coming 
in a body, and armed, to work in the north 
meadows. The soldiers, who were in advance, 
heard a rustling in the bushes, and one, suppos- 
ing it to be caused by a deer, fired his musket 
at the spot. The Indians, supposing they were 
discovered, rose and fired at the soldiers, who, 
frightened, ran to I he quarter now called Scot- 
land. The people, coming up, saw the Indians, 



attacked them, and drove them to the plain 
west of the factory. An express was instant- 
ly sent to Keene, and a party of fifteen men 
under Captain Metcalf went out to meet them. 
This party went first to the foot of the hill, 
beyond Mr. Heaton's, supposing the Indians 
would there cross the Branch. Remaining 
there a short time without discovering any In- 
dians, a Mr. Howard proposed to go to another 
tor. I still farther up. Josiah French, a shrewd 
man, observed, "Those who wish to meet with 
the Indians had better stay here; I feel no de- 
sire to see them, and will go over the hill with 
Howard." It was agreed to go over the hill ; 
hut no sooner had they reached the top of the 
nearest eminence than they discovered nine In- 
dians crossing at the ford they had left. They 
lav in wait for them a few hours, but did not 
see them afterwards. Returning to the fort, 
Howard received no mercy from the men, 
women and children within it. Several days 
afterwards the men went in a body, and armed, 
to hoe Mr. Day's corn, near Surry, and discov- 
ered that an old house in that neighborhood 
had been burnt; it was supposed to have been 
sel on fire by the same party of Indians. 

A i't<r wards, but in what year is not recol- 
lected, another, and the last, party of Indians 
made a visit to Keene. The inhabitants had 
cleared and fenced a large common field consist- 
ing of about two hundred acres, which was 
used as a cow pasture, and the access to it was 
by a path which led southwardly along the high 
ground east of the place where the turnpike 
and Baker's lane unite. When driving their 
cows to this pasture, it was the custom of the 
inhabitants not to go in the path, for fear of 
■a surprise, but on one or the other side of it. 
Early one morning they came suddenly upon a 
party of Indians, concealed in thick bushes and 
busily engaged in mending their moccasins. 
They instantly stalled up and escaped. It 
was afterwards ascertained that the leather with 
which they were mending their moccasins had 
been stolen the oight before, from a tannery at 
Walpole (or ( !harlestown). 


KEENE— {Continued). 


First Reference to the War in Town Records — Vote to get 
Stock of Powder, Lead and Flints — Keene in the Buttle of 
Lexington — Tories — Bohea Tea — Various Resolutions — 
List of Patriots — Battle of Bennington — Captain .Mack's 
Sortie — Elijah Williams — Ilis Return to Keene — Un- 
pleasant Reception — List of Foot Company in Keene in 
1773— Alarm-List of 1774. 

The first reference on the town records to the 
War of the Revolution is under date of 1774. 
In a warrant calling a town-meeting to be 
held the 26th of September the following 
articles were inserted : "To see if it be the mind 
of the town to provide ammunition for a town 
stock, and grant money for the same;" and 
" To see if it be the mind of the town to sign the 
covenant and engagement, which was sent and 
recommended by the committee of corre- 
spondence, relating to the non-importation agr 

Upon the first article the town " Voted, to get 
a stock of ammunition for the town, viz.: 200 
lbs. of good gunpowder, 400 lbs. of lead, and 
1200 flints; and to raise twenty-four pounds, 
lawful money, for providing said articles." 

Upon the other article the following pream- 
ble and vote were adopted : " Whereas the towns 
in this province have chosen members to rep- 
resent them in a General Congress of all the 
colonies, now sitting at the city of Philadelphia, 
to consult and determine what steps are neces- 
sary for the colonies to adopt, Voted, therefore, 
nol to sign the non-importation agreement 
until we hear what measures said Congress have 
agreed upon for themselves and their constitu- 

October 17th, Captain Isaac Wyman and 
Lieutenant Timothy Ellis were chosen delegates 
to attend the County ( longress at Walpole. No 
information concerning the object or proceed- 
ings of this Congress has been obtained. 

In the winter of this year Elijah Williams, 
Esq., instituted a suit against a citizen of Keene, 
the writ being in the form then usual, commenc- 

'Extracted from "Hale's Annals. 


ing, "George the Third, by the grace of God, 
King," etc. Immediately afterwards a large 
number of people, many coming from the neigh- 
boring towns, assembled at Keene, seized Wil- 
liams and took him with them to their place of 
meeting, which was a barn standing by itself 
in a field. They required him to stop the suit, 
and to promise that he would issue no more writs 
in the name of the King. Perceiving he had 
no alternative, he complied, and was then set at 

On the 4th of January, 1775, at a legal town- 
meeting, the inhabitants " Voted, to come into 
the measures recommended by the Continental 
Congress, in their association agreement." They 
chose, agreeably to said advice, Isaac Wyman, 
Timothy Ellis, Thomas Baker, Dan Guild and 
William Ellis a Committee of Inspection. 
They also chose Isaac Wyman to represent the 
town at the meeting to be held at Exeter on the 
21st day of said January, for the choice of dele- 
gates to the Continental Congress. 

At a town-meeting held February 23d, Cap- 
tain Isaac Wyman was chosen "to represent 
the town in the General Assembly, holden at 
Portsmouth, on the said 23d day of February, 
and so, day by day, during their sessions." 

On the 19th of April was fought the battle 
of Lexington. The instant that news of the 
battle arrived in town, which was in the fore- 
noon, Captain Dorman, who then commanded 
the militia, called upon Captain Wyman. 
"The regulars," said he, "have come out to 
Concord, have killed six men, and the battle 
was raging when the messenger started. What 
shall be done?" "Send expresses," said Cap- 
tain Wyman, "to every part of the town, notify- 
ing the inhabitants to meet, forthwith, on the 
green, and be governed by their decision." Ex- 
presses were sent, the citizens met in the after- 
noon, and a vote was unanimously passed that 
a body of men should be sent to oppose the reg- 
ulars. The question was asked, " Who shall 
lead them ? " Captain Wyman was nominated, 
was chosen, and, though far advanced in years, 
cheerfully consented to go. Volunteers were 
then called for, and about thirty presented them- 
selves. Captain Wyman directed them to go 
home immediately and prepare provisions for 

their use, "for," said he, "all the roads will be 
full of men, and you can procure nothing on the 
way;" and he then appointed sunrise the next 
morning the time, aud his house the place of 
rendezvous. At sunrise they met, and im- 
mediately started for Concord. In the after- 
noon General Bellows, Colonel John Bellows 
and Thomas Sparhawk arrived from Walpole, 
and, riding to his house, inquired for Captain 
Wyman. Being answered that he had started 
at sunrise, at the head of a company of men, 
they exclaimed, "Keene has shown a noble 
spirit!" and hastened onwards. They were 
soon followed by a party of men from Walpole. 

At an informal meeting of the inhabitants, 
held on the 27th of April, they chose Timothy 
Ellis a delegate to meet the committee at Exeter, 
and to sit, as a member, in the Provincial 
Congress, whenever they convene. He ex- 
pressed his willingness to accept the office, but 
declared that he had not, and could not, in 
season, procure money enough to bear his ex- 
penses. The inhabitants, thereupon, " Voted, 
that he might draw from the treasury four 
pounds, lawful money." 

Soon after the battle of Lexington several 
Tories, among whom was Elijah Williams, 
Esq., left this vicinity, and joined the British 
in Boston. 

In the warrant calling a town-meeting on 
the 7th day of December, one of the articles was, 
" To see if it be the mind of the town, that the 
names of those persons who buy, sell or make 
use of Bohea tea be advertised in the public 
prints." At the meeting, held on the day ap- 
pointed, this article passed in the negative ; but 
a committee of inspection was appointed to see 
that the resolves of the Continental Congress 
be complied with. After dismissing two other 
articles, relating to the troubles of that period, 
the town unanimously adopted the following 
resolves, which may be termed the Statute Law 
of Keene. And here it may be proper to state 
that no judicial courts were held in the county 
from 1774 to 1778. 

" Whereas, by the unhappy disputes now subsisting 
between Great Britain and the American Colonies, 
the laws of several of them have been entirely sub- 
verted, or wholly neglected, to the great detriment of 



society, and of individuals, whereby many disorderly 
persons, taking undue advantage of the times, as a 
cloak to put their revengeful designs in execution, do 
wickedly and maliciously threaten to abuse and 
destroy the persons and property of many of the 
good and wholesome inhabitants of the land, and the 
executive power being thrown by; and the Con- 
gresses, neither Continental or Provincial, have, as 
yet, found out or published any method or system of 
government, for the security of our persons or prop- 
erty; and until such a system as they in their wisdom 
shall see lit. or some other be proposed, — 

" We, the inhabitants of the town of Keene, in the 
county of Cheshire, and province of New-Hamp- 
shire, legally convened, being desirous of order and 
good government, and for the security of our lives, 
persons and property, do pass the following Resolves: 

"• 1st. It is Resolved, that a committee of three good 
and steady men of the town be chosen to act upon, and a 
proper officer appointed to prosecute the Resolves 
hereafter mentioned. 

"iM. Whereas, profane cursing and swearing are 
highly provoking to Almighty God and offensive to 
every t rue Christ ia n, which we fear, if not discount- 
enanced, will provoke the Divine Majesty to bring 
heavy judgments upon us, and still heavier, deliver us 
up to the desire of our enemies ; to prevent cursing 
and swearing, be it Resolved, that if any person or 
persons shall profanely curse or swear, and shall be 
thereof convicted before the committee, by sufficient 
witnesses or by confession of the party, every such 
offender shall forfeit and pay to the committee, for 
the use of the poor of said town, a sum not exceeding 
three shillings, nor less than one; according to the 
repeatedness of the offence, and pay cost of prosecu- 
tion, which cost shall be ascertained by tin' committee 
before whom the person shall be convicted, and in 
case any person, convicted as aforesaid, shall refuse 
to pay the sum or sums so forfeited and adjudged, he, 
she or they shall be immediately committed to the 
common gaol not exceeding ten days nor less than 
three for said forfeiture, and until he pay all just 

"3d. Whereas, it is highly necessary that every 
person of able body should betake himself to some 
h '>t calling, and not mis-spend their time in loiter- 
ing and tippling in licensed house- or elsewhere in 
this town, to prevent which, 

"Beit Resolved, that if any person or persons, fit 
and able to work, shall refuse so to do, but loiter and 
mis-spend Ins or their time, wander from place to 
place, or otherwise misorder themselves, by drinking 
or tippling in any of the licensed houses or elsewhere 
in this town, after nineo'clock at night, or continue in 
any of the aforesaid houses above the space of one 
hour, unless on necessary business, all such persons 
being convicted of any of the aforesaid articles before 
said committee, by sufficient witnesses, shall, for every 

such offense, forfeit and pay to the said committee, 
for the use id' the poor of said town, the sum of two 
shillings, and all just costs of trial, which shall be 
adjudged by said committee, and in case any person, 
convicted as aforesaid, shall refuse to pay the sum or 
sums so forfeited and adjudged, he or they shall be 
committed to the common gaol, there to remain not 
exceeding ten days, nor less than three days, for said 
forfeiture, and until he pay all just costs. 

"4th. Whereas, personal abuse tends to promote ill 
blood and discord among society, to prevent which, 
be it Resolved, that if any person or persons shall 
smite, or strike, or threaten to abuse or destroy the 
person or property of another, he or they so offend- 
ing shall, for the first offense, pay to the said com- 
mittee, for the use of the poor of said town, the sum 
of five shillings, and costs of prosecution, and double 
that sum for the second offense, and for the third or 
any after offense, shall be imprisoned or publicly 
whipt, according to the judgment of the committee 
before whom they are convicted, and in case any per- 
son, being convicted as aforesaid, shall refuse to pay 
the sum or sums so forfeited and adjudged, he or they 
shall be committed to the common gaol, there to re- 
main not exceeding ten days nor less than four, for 
said forfeiture, and until he pay all just costs. 

"5th. Further be it Resolrcd, that if any person or 
persons shall presume to purchase, or bring into this 
town, any teas, of what sort soever, until the mind- 
id' the Congress respecting that article shall be fully 
known, shall forthwith deliver up such teas to one or 
more of the committee, to be stored by them and 
kept for the owner until the minds of the Congress 
be known respecting that matter, and in case any 
person shall refuse to deliver up said tens, the com- 
mittee have power to imprison him until he does. 

"6th. And for the better execution of all and every 
the foregoing articles, it is Resolved, that all and each 
of the said committee shall have full power and 
authority to bring before them any of the inhabitants 
of this town, or any person residing in said town, that 
shall offend in any of the foregoing resolves, and 
upon his or their own views, or other sufficient con- 
viction of any such offense, to impose the fine and 
penalty for the same, and to commit the offender 
until it be satisfied. 

"7th. It is likewise Resolved, that the officer ap- 
pointed shall have power and authority to carry any 
person that shall be found trespassing in any of the 
foregoing particulars, before said committee for trial, 
and, if need be, may command aid and assistance in 
discharging his trust, and any person refusing to give 
aid or assistance, as aforesaid, he or they shall forfeit 
the sum of three shillings for every offence, and have 
their name- inserted in the public Gazette as un- 
friendly to good order. 

"A ml all masters and heads of families in this town 
are hereby directed to take effectual care that their 



children, servants and others under their immediate 
government do not trespass in any of the foregoing 

" Chose Thomas Baker, Eliphalet Briggs and Dan 
Guild as a committee to judge, determine and act up- 
on said Resolves and put them in execution, and 
chose Elijah Blake officer for the purpose mentioned 
in said Resolves." 

This extract informs the reader of the origin 
of the Committee of Safety for the State, and 
enables him the better to understand the follow- 
ing document : 

" To the Selectmen of Keene : 

"Colony of New Hampshire. 

"In Committee of Safety, April 12th, 1776. 
" In order to carry the unwritten Resolve of the 
Hon'ble Congress into Execution, You are requested 
to desire all Males above Twenty-One Years of Age, 
(Lunaticks, Idiots, and Negroes excepted,) to sign to 
the Declaration on this paper; and when so done to 
make return hereof, together with the Name or Names 
of all who shall refuse to sign the same, to the General 
Assembly, or Committee of Safety of this Colony. 

" M. Weare, Chairman. 

" In Congress, March 14, 1776. 

"Resolved, That it be recommended to the several 
Assemblies, Conventions and Councils, or Commit- 
tees of Safety of the United Colonies, immediately to 
cause all persons to be disarmed, within their respec- 
tive Colonies, who are notoriously disaffected to the 
cause of America, Or who have not associated, and re- 
fuse to associate, to defend by Arms the United Colo- 
nies, against the Hostile Attempts of the British 
Fleets and Armies. 

" Extract from the Minutes. 

(copy.) "Charles Thompson, Sec'y. 

" In consequence of the above Resolution, of the 
Hon. Continental Congress, and to show our Deter- 
mination in joining our American Brethren, in de- 
fending the Lives, Liberties and Properties of the In- 
habitants of the United Colonics, 

" We, the Subscribers, do hereby solemnly engage, 
and promise that we will, to the utmost of our Power, 
at the Risque of our Lives and Fortunes, with Arms 
oppose the Hostile Proceedings of the British Fleets 
and Armies against the United American Colonies. 

" Thomas Frink. 
Nathan Blake. 
Eliphalet Briggs, Jr. 
Josiah Richardson. 
Joseph Blake. 
Daniel Kingsbury. 
Dan Guild. 
Eli Metcalf. 
Ichahod Fisher. 

Bartholomew Grimes. 
David Willson. 
Benjamin Balch. 
Ebenezer Day. 
John Dickson. 
Naboth Bettison. 
Abraham Wheeler, Jr. 
James Wright. 
John Houghton. 

Thomas Wilder, 
Isaac Wyman. 
David Foster. 
Ephraim Dorman. 
Seth Heaton. 
Andrew Balch. 
Gideon Ellis. 
Thomas Baker. 
Benjamin Archer. 
Joseph Ellis. 
Simeon Washburn. 
David Nims. 
Elisha Briggs. 
Benjamin Archer, Jr. 
Samuel Wood. 
Eliphalet Briggs. 
Nathaniel Briggs. 
Elijah Blake. 
Uriah Willson. 
John Le Bourveau. 
David Foster, Jr. 
Timothy Ellis. 
Gideon Tiffany. 
Jesse Hall. 
Michael Metcalf. 
. I esse Clark. 
Gideon Ellis, Jr. 
David Nims, Jr. 
Abraham Wheeler. 
William Ellis. 
Joshua Osgood. • 
Nathaniel Kingsbury. 
Reuben Daniels. 
Reuben Partridge. 
Cephas Clark. 
Ebenezer Carpenter. 
Timothy Ellis, Jr. 
Eliakim Nims. 
Caleb Ellis. 
Joseph Willson. 
Davis Howlett. 
Timothy Ellis ye 3d. 
Benjamin Willis. 
Samuel Chapman. 
John Balch. 
Ahi jab Metcalf. 
Henry Ellis. 
Luther Bragg. 
Seth Heaton, Jr. 
Josiah Ellis. 
Benjamin Osgood. 
Ebenezer Newton. 
Daniel Willson. 
Ezra Harvey. 
David Harris 
Obadiah Blake, Jr. 
Zadoc Nims. 
Isaac Clark. 

Silas Cook. 
Nathan Blake, Jr. 
Nathan Rugg. 
Stephen Larrabee. 
Robert Spencer. 
Ebenezer Cook. 
Joshua Ellis. 
Jotham Metcalf. 
Moses Marsh. 
Simeon Clark, Jr. 
Benjamin Ellis. 
Ashahel Blake. 
Samuel Bassett. 
Jedediah Well man. 
Jonathan Heaton. 
Simeon Ellis. 
Benjamin Ellis. 
James Crossfield. 
Joseph Ellis, Jr. 
Thomas Baker, Jr. 
Thomas Wells. 
Achilles Mansfield. 
Royal Blake. 
William Gray. 
Aaron Gray, Jr. 
John Daniels. 
Samuel Daniels. 
Jedediah Carpenter. 
William Goodenough. 
Adin Holbrook. 
Hezekiah Man. 
Jeremiah Stiles. 
Samuel Hall. 
Jonathan Archer. 
Abraham Pond. 
Silas French. 
Eliphalet Carpenter. 
Benjamin YVillard. 
Jacob Town. 
John Day. 
Peter Rice. 
Isaac Est v. 
Jonathan Dwinell. 
Thomas Dwinell. 
John Connolly. 
Abijah Wilder. 
Zadoc Wheeler. 
Daniel Snow. 
William Nelson. 
Israel Houghton. 
William Woods. 
Asaph Nichols. 
Elisha Ellis. 
Thomas Fields. 
Michael Sprought. 
Benjamin Tiffany. 
James Eddy. 



"Agreeably to the within direction, we have re- 
quested all in this Town to sign, as herein set forth; 
and hereto annexed the names of all those who lie- 
fuse to sign within Declaration, viz.: 

Maj. Josiah Willard. 
I.t. Benjamin Hall. 
Dr. Josiab Pomeroy. 
Samuel Wadsworth. 
Robert ( Silman. 
John White. 
Elea/.er Samrer. 

Abner Sanger. 
Thomas Cutter. 
James Perkins. 
Benjamin < Osgood, Jr. 
John Swan, 
■lames Hunt. 

" Eliphalet Briggs, Jr., 1 e ? t 

I Selectmen 
"Josiah Kiciiakdsox, | . , ™ 

\ of the Town 
"Joseph IJlake, , ,- „ 

u _ .. of Keener 

" Daniel Kinsbury. J 

The representatives of the General Assembly 
having desired their constituents to nominate 
justices of the peace, the inhabitants, April 3d, 
" Voted, unanimously, that it is the mind of this 
town that Colonel Isaac Wyman be appointed." 

August 2d, " Captain Eliphalet Briggs was 
chosen a delegate, to meet with other delegates 
at Walpole, to consult and agree upon such 
methods as shall be thought necessary for the 
general good, and our mutual defense and 
safety." This convention was called by order 
of a subcommittee of the several Committees 
of Safety in the county. 

The following memorandum is copied from 
the records of this year, 1777 : 

" Whereat), orders were sent from the Court to the 
Selectmen, desiring them to assist the commanding 
officers of the militia in the town, by causing a town- 
meeting to be called, in order to raise men for the 
Continental army during the war, in obedience to 
which, a legal meeting was warned, and the town met 
on the 31st of March, made several proposals for en- 
couragement, and voted thirty pounds to each man, 
if a sufficient number would turn out, but as not any 
appeared, the meeting was dismissed and nothing 
voted that was conclusive or valid." 

In May or June a court, appointed by the 
< oinniittee of Safety in the county, was held at 
Scene, before whom were brought the princi- 
pal Tories in the county, to be tried for their 
offenses or opinions. It has not been ascer- 
tained who were members of this court, but 
Benjamin Giles, of Newport, and Colonel 
Hammond, of Swanzey, were probably two. 
The Tories were guarded by a body of men, of 
whom Mr. Floyd, of Walpole, was commander. 

The court sat nearly two weeks before they 
came to any decision ; and it was supposed by 
some, at the time, that the object of this delay 
was that the violent Whigs, by whom they 
were surrounded, might become weary and dis- 
perse, and leave them at liberty to give a more 
lenient judgment than was demanded. In the 
end the court decided that the Tories should be 
confined to their farms, and give bonds for 
their good behavior. 

At a town-meeting held June 11th a com- 
mittee was chosen "to state the price of articles, 
labor, &c., as the law directs." The town " Voted 
to pay to each man that has or shall enlist into 
the Continental army, for the term of three 
years, or doing the war, to make up the quota 
of this town, the sum of thirty pounds, exclu- 
sive of the bounty given by this State; and 
also to allow those that have done service in the 
war heretofore, in the same proportion as fifty- 
six pounds is for three years; and a committee 
was chosen to make an exact proportion of what 
every man had done in the war, in time past, in 
order that an exact assessment may be made for 
the above said charge." 

Mrs. Sturtevant, who is the widow of Cor- 
nelius Sturtevant, Jr., the printer, was born in 
177(1, and is now living with mental faculties 
bright and vigorous, well remembers that, in 
early girlhood, when going to school from 
Wesl Street to the school-house just south of 
the old Ralston bouse, she passed the old jail; 
standing near where the Emerald House now 
stands. It was made of hewn logs, with a 
small hole for a window. She and her com- 
panions often stopped to hear a Mr. Baxter, 
who was confined there, sing the " Vicar of 
Bray." This Baxter was a Tory, lived in Surry 
or Alstead, and was probably then confined for 
Toryism. Tradition speaks of him as wealthy 
for the time, bold, reckless, fond of enjoyment 
and of defying public (•pinion. He doubtless 
sang the" Vlcarof Bray " to reproach andpro- 
voke the rebels outside for having deserted their 
King and sworn allegiance to the new govern- 
ment. He emigrated to Nova Scotia. 

The battle of Bennington was fought this 
year. On the fall of Ticonderoga urgent calls 
came from the Americans in that region to the 



people of Vermont and New Hampshire to 
hasten to their assistance. 

Major Ellis, Josiah Richardson, Joshua Du- 
rant and others immediately crossed the Green 
Mountains, and soon found themselves in front 
of the Hessian breastwork, sustaining and re- 
turning an incessant fire. The major, some- 
what excited, ordered a charge, and himself and 
most of his men leaped over, among whom was 
Durant. The Hessians wavered, scattered and 
fled. Durant pursued a party of three, and 
gaining fast upon them, the hindmost turned 
back, their muskets at this moment touching 
each other. Durant fired first and killed his 
antagonist. While reloading, the other two 
turned back upon him. He wrenched his bayo- 
net from his gun, seized one by the collar, and 
was about to stab the other, when both called 
for quarter and surrendered themselves prison- 
ers. The three were brothers. For many 
years afterwards Durant occasionally wore, as 
trophies, a waistcoat and silver-mounted breast- 
pin taken from the man he had killed. 

Mr. Richardson came home with the glory 
of having captured three Hessians. He allowed 
the world to believe the story to be true, as in 
fact it was, but to his friends he admitted that, 
either from terror or dissatisfaction with their 
condition, they appeared to be not very unwill- 
ing captives. 

In December, in town-meeting, Captain Stiles, 
Captain Howlet and Jabez Fisher were succes- 
sively chosen representative, and each declined 
accepting the office ; Timothy Ellis was then 
chosen and consented to serve. The town " Voted 
to empower the representative to act in behalf 
of the town in the choice of delegates to the 
Continental Congress." A similar vote was af- 
terwards annually passed, from which it may 
be inferred either that the town did not con- 
sider their representatives had authority, or that 
the latter were unwilling; to act in this behalf 
without such a vote. 

At a meeting held January 17, 1778, the in- 
habitants, " after reading and conferring upon 
the Articles of Confederation of the Continental 
Congress, voted that it is the minds of the town 
that they be established by this State. 

' Voted, further to instruct the representative 

to use his influence in the General Assembly 
that a free and full representation of every town 
in this State take place to a Convention, to meet 
at such time and place as the General Assembly 
shall appoint," to form a plan of government 
for said State. 

Chose Captain Stiles, Major Ellis and Cap- 
tain Griswold delegates to meet at Surry, and 
consult with the delegates of the other towns. 

April 27th, Jeremiah Stiles was chosen a 
delegate to meet in the convention to be held 
at Concord for the purpose of forming a Con- 
stitution and plan of government for the 

At a meeting held March 2, 1779, the town 
" Voted that the selectmen be a committee to 
give the representative instructions to use his 
influence that the delegates from this State to 
the Continental Congress lay claim to the New 
Hampshire Grants, so called, provided that 
Congress will not confirm the same into a new 

In this year Captain Mack, of Gilsum, 
probably incited by some of the zealous Whigs 
in Keene, collected a party with a view of ap- 
prehending several Tories who resided here, and 
who were suspected of furnishing the enemy 
with provisions. On the evening of the 30th 
of May l they assembled at Partridge's tavern, 
near Wright's mills, on the road to Surry. In 
the night Mack sent forward several men with 
directions to place themselves separately at the 
doors of those houses where the Tories resided, 
and prevent their escape. At sunrise he rode 
into Keene, at the head of his party with a 
drawn sword ; and when he came to the house 
of a Tory he ordered the sentinel standing at the 
door to "turn out the prisoner." The prisoner 
being brought out and placed in the midst of 
his party, he proceeded onward. Having gone 
through the street, collected all of them and 

1 The first line of a song, remembered by an aged citizen, 
fixes the day when this party visited Keene : 

" On the thirty-first of May, 
Appeared in Keene, at break of day, 
A mob, both bold and stout." 

Those who lived in these times well remember thai the 
muses were not silent amid tlie din of arms. 



searched their cellars for provisions, of which 
he found Little, he returned to the tavern of 
Mr. Hall, and confined them in a chamber. 

But, when he first made his appearance, 
information was sent to Mr. Howler, who then 
commanded the militia, of the commotion in 
the village. He instantly sent expresses to 
warn his company to appear forthwith in the 
street, with their arms and ammunition. They 
came about the middle of the forenoon, were 
paraded, facing south, in front of the meeting- 
house, then standing south of where it now 
does — on a line with the north line of West 
Street — and were ordered to load their guns 
with powder and hall. Mack paraded his com- 
pany across the street from the tavern to the 
Watson house, facing their antagonists. Col- 
onel Alexander, of Winchester, who then com- 
manded the regiment, had been sent for, and 
now came. He asked Captain Mack if he in- 
tended to pursue his object. " I do," replied he, 
"at the hazard of my life." "Then," said the 
colonel, emphatically, " you must prepare for 
eternity, for you shall not be permitted to take 
vengeance, in this irregular mode, on any men, 
even if they are Tories." This resolute speech 
cooled the ardor of many. After deliberating 
a while, Mack ordered his party to face about, 
and led them a short distance southward ; and 
the militia then went into the meeting-house. 
Not lone.- afterwards the mob faced about again, 
and marched silently by the meeting-house, 
towards Surry; but though silently, they did 
not march in silence, for the women, as they 
passed, furnished noisy and lively music, on 
tin pans and warming-pans, until they disap- 
peared from view. 

At a meeting held July 7th the town chose"a 
committee to hire and agree with five men bo 
serve in the Continental army, on the best terms 
they can ;" and the same committee were empow- 
ered to hire two men for the Rhode Island ser 
vice, at the town's charge. 

October 2<»th the Town voted to raise three 
hundred and thirty pounds for paying the charge 
of raisins: men for the defense of the State of 
Rhode Esland, and the sum of four hundred 
and thirty-one pounds for the charge of raising 
men for the Continental service. 

June 27 1 780, the town voted to give fifty 
dollar- (as it is valued and stipulated in the act 
of court) to each able bodied man that will 
engage in the Continental service, in behalf of 
the town, for the space of six months. 

In the warrant calling a town-meeting, to 
be held July '20th, the following article was 
inserted : 

" Whereas, by an act el' the General Assembly <>i' 
this State, each town is obliged to provide (monthly) 
a quantity of beef tor the use of the Continental army, 
for the space of live months; therefore to see what 
method the town will take to procure said quantity of 

At themeeting the town voted "to raise eleven 
thousand three hundred and nine pounds of beef, 
each person to have liberty to pay his equal pro- 
port ion thereof in beef, or to pay so much 
money in lieu thereof as life was taxed in the 
last State and Continental tax." 

On the 24th of January, 1781, the selectmen, 
reciting that, " by a late act of the Gem ral As- 
sembly, each town is oblige to furnish their 
quota of men for the Continental army as soon 
as possible," called a meeting, to be held Febru- 
ary 7th, "to see what method the town will 
take to raise their quota." 

At a meeting thus called the following votes 
were passed : "Voted,to choose a committee to 
make an average of what service each man has 
done heretofore, as to hiring men or going per- 
sonally into the service of the United States." 
Upon further consultation and consideration, it 
was voted to postpone the average to some future 
time, and " Foted, to divide the ratable inhabit- 
ants of the town into twelve equal classes, and 
each class to procure a man to serve in the Con- 
tinental army the space of three years, or 
during the war upon their own charge, as soon 
as may be." 

At a meeting held April 16, 1782, the town 
voted to choose a committee to make an account 
of the service each man has done in the presenl 
war, and make an average, so that each man 
may have credit for what he has already done; 
and also to divide or class the inhabitant- into 
twelve equal classes (credit for what each man 
has done in be given him), and each class to 
provide, or hire, a man for the space of three 



years, or during the war, upon their on cost; 
said classes to be so made that each pay equal 

At a town-meeting held June 19, 1783, the 
town " Voted, unanimously, that the representa- 
tive be instructed to use his influence that all 
who have absented themselves from any of the 
United States of America, and joined with, or 
put themselves under the protection of, the ene- 
mies of the United States, be utterly debarred 
from residing within this State." This vote 
was passed at the request of the representative, 
Daniel Kingsbury, to be instructed on the sub- 

The treaty of peace with Great Britain hav- 
ing secured to the Tories the privilege of return- 
ing to this country to collect their debts and 
and settle their affairs, Elijah Williams, .Esq., 
came to Keene for that purpose in the begin- 
ning of this year. His appearance here so ex- 
asperated the zealous Whigs that they seized 
him and carried him before Thomas Baker, 
Esq., a justice of the peace. What were the 
charges against him, or whether any charges 
were exhibited, has not been ascertained. The 
justice, perhaps with a view to protect him 
from outrage, ordered him to recognize for his 
appearance at the Court of Sessions, to be held 
at Charlestown, in April, and committed him to 
the custody of the sheriff. With this the pop- 
ulace were not satisfied, and they discovered an 
intention of assaulting; and beating- him : but 
he was surrounded and guarded to his lodgings 
by the old and the young men who happened to 
be present. 

The animosity of the Whigs, aggravated 
probably by the arts of those who were in- 
debted to him, was, however, so great that they 
determined he should not thus escape their ven- 
geance. On the day before that appointed for 
the sitting of the court a party concealed them- 
selves in the pines near Fisher Brook, intend- 
ing, when he passed with the sheriff, to get him 
into their power. The sheriff passed without 
him, relying upon the promise he had made to 
appear at court the next day. This circum- 
stance excited their suspicions ; they came im- 
mediately into the street, seized Williams at his 
lodgings, and, placing him in the midst of 

them, repaired to a tavern in Ash Swamp. 
When he arrived there two bundles of black- 
beech rods were produced, from which it ap- 
peared that a plan had been concerted to compel 
him to run the gauntlet, with the view, proba- 
bly, of inducing him, by such harsh treatment, 
again to leave the country. But by this time 
a large number of considerate citizens had as- 
sembled and arrived at the tavern. A proposi- 
tion was made that the whole subject should be 
referred to a committee. A committee was ap- 
pointed ; their report was too favorable to Wil- 
liams to suit the majority, and was rejected. 
Another committee was appointed, who reported 
that he should leave the town the next day and 
leave the State the next week. This report 
was agreed to; but the minority, still dissatis- 
fied, privately sent out messengers, to collect 
more of their friends. This being communi- 
cated to those who were disposed to protect 
Williams, they advised him to retire imme- 
diately. An attempt was made to prevent him 
from mounting a horse, which had been offered 
him by a friend. A conflict ensued, in which 
the horse was overthrown, and several persons 
were knocked down with clubs. He at length, 
however, mounted, with the assistance of his 
friends, and rode through the crowd, which 
continued to oppose him. 

The next day he repaired to Charlestown, 
and presented himself to the court, which 
thereupon passed the following order: "That 
Elijah Williams, Esq., now in the keeping of 
Isaac Griswold, by virtue of a mittimus from 
Thomas Baker, Esq., continue in the custody 
of the said Isaac until he shall have transacted 
the business upon which he came into this part 
of the country, and then be permitted to leave 
this State, upon his good behavior, without 
further molestation." After settling his affairs 
Williams repaired to Nova Scotia. Shortly 
after, in consequence of ill health, he returned 
to Deerfield, his native town, died, and was 
buried by the side of his ancestors. 

The following is a list of the foot company 
in Keene in 1773 : 

" Lieut. Benjamin Hall. 
Ensign Michael Metcalf. 
Clerk Simeon Clark. 

Joseph Gray. 
Samuel Hall. 
Jesse Hall. 



Serj. Elijah Blake. 
Serj. Thomas Baker. 
Serj. Isaac Esty. 
Serj. Jede. Carpenter. 
Corp. Dan Guild. 
Corp. Joseph Blake. 
Corp. Abijah Metcalf. 
Benjamin Archer. 
Jonathan Archer. 
Ashael Blake. 
John Brown. 
Elisha Briggs. 
John Balch. 
Benjamin Balch, Jr. 
Luther Bragg. 
Samuel Bassett. 
John Burt. 
Nathan Blake, Jr. 
Obadiah Blake, Jr. 
Royal Blake. 
Naboth Bettison. 
Thomas Baker, Jr. 
John Pray Blake. 
Cephas Clark. 
Seth Clark. 
Eliphalet Carpenter. 
Ebenezer Carpenter. 
Samuel Chapman. 
Silas Cook. 
Isaac Clark. 
Simeon Clark, Jr. 
Jonas Clark. 
John Day, Jr. 
John Daniels. 
Reuben Daniels. 
John Dickson. 
Addington Daniels. 

Ebenezer Day, Jr. 
Jacob Day. 

James Dean. 

Timothy Crossfield. 

Joseph Ellis, Jr. 

Gideon Ellis, Jr. 

Simeon Ellis. 

Timothy Ellis (3d). 

William Ellis. 

Caleb Ellis. 

Stephen Esty. 

James Eady. 

Benry Ellis. 

Benjamin Ellis. 

Benjamin Ellis, Jr. 

Joshua Ellis. 

Jabez Fisher. 

Silas French. 

Da v ill Foster, Jr. 

Peter Fiskin. 

Aaron Gray, Jr. 

Peter Hubbert. 
Seth Heaton, Jr. 
John Houghton. 
Joseph Hills, 
Davis Howlet. 
Ziba Hall. 
Jonathan Heaton, 
Luther Heaton. 
Nathaniel Kingsbury. 
Daniel Kingsbury. 
Stephen Larrabee. 
Daniel Lake. 
Ezra Metcalf. 
Jonathan Metcalf. 
Moses Marsh. 
Eli Metcalf. 
Daniel Metcalf. 
William Nelson. 
David Nims, Jr. 
Ebenezer Newton. 
Asahel Nims. 
Eliakim Nims. 
Zadock Nims. 
Alpheus Nims. 

Joshua Osgood. 
Benjamin Osgood, Jr. 

Amos Partridge. 
Jonathan Pond. 
Abiachar Pond. 

Nathan Rugg. 
Josiah Richardson. 

Eleazer Sanger. 

Abner Sanger. 

Robert Spencer. 

Jeremiah Stiles. 

Richard Smith. 

John Swan. 

Jacob Town. 

Joseph Thatcher. 

Abraham Wheeler, Jr., 

Joseph Willson . 

William Woods. 

Oliver Wright. 

Jedediah Wellman. 

David Willson. 

Daniel Willson. 

Thomas Wells. 

John White. 

.Fames Wright. 

Zadock Wheeler. 
Walter Wheeler. 

Samuel Wadsworth. 

Abijah Wilder. 

Jonathan Wheeler. 

Thomas Wilder. 

Thomas Morse. 
Ephraim Leonard. 
Peter Daniels. 

William Goodenow. Luke Metcalf. 

John Griggs. Isaac Wyman, Jr. 

" Errors excepted. 

" Ephraim Dorman, C. 
" To Col. Josiah Willard, Keene, August 7, 

The following is the alarm-list belonging to 
Keene : 

Lieut. Seth Heaton. 
Dea. David Foster. 
John Day. 
Abraham Wheeler. 
Nathan Blake. 
Joseph Ellis. 
Uriah Wilson. 
Ebenezer Nims. 
David Nims. 
Gideon Ellis. 
Lieut. Andrew Balch. 
Aaron Gray. 
Ebenezer Day. 
Eliphalet Briggs. 
Benjamin Archer. 
Capt. Isaac Wyman. 
Doct. Obadiah Blake. 
Lieut. Timothy Ellis. 
Thomas Frink, Esq. 
Doct. Josiah Pomeroy. 
Doct. Gideon Tiffany. 
Elijah Williams. 
Israel Houghton. 

Samuel Woods. 
Samuel Daniels. 
Jesse Clark. 
Joseph Brown. 
Robert Gillmore. 
Obadiah Hamilton. 
Peter Rice. 
Elisha Ellis. 
Isaac Billings. 
Josiah Ellis. 
Timothy Ellis, Jr. 
Ichabod Fisher. 
William Gray. 
Benjamin Hall, Jr. 
Benjamin Osgood. 
Nathaniel Hall. 
Samuel Woods, Jr. 
John Connolly. 
Samuel Colhoun. 
Ebenezer Cooke. 
Daniel Snow. 
Eliphalet Briggs, Jr. 


KEENE— (Continued). 


First Congregational Church— Second Congregational 
Church — Unitarian Church — Baptist Church — St. James' 
Church— Methodist Church— Roman Catholic Church. 

The First Congregational Chubch.— 

The first reference to the ecclesiastical history 
of the town found on the old proprietors' records 
is under date of September 30, L736. 

At a proprietors' meeting held at Keene, then 
known as the township of the Upper Ashuelot, 
September 30, 1736, it was voted "that they 
will build a Meeting-house at the upper township 
on the Ashuelot, so called, 40 feet Long, 20 feet 
stud, and 30 and 5 feet wide, at the south end 
of the town street (to underpin, cover and 



inclose the same, and lay down boards for the 
lower floor), at the place appointed by the Gen- 
eral Court's committee ; and that Messrs. Jere- 
miah Hall, Samuel Daniels, Joseph Richardson, 
Stephen Blake and Josiah Fisher be a com- 
mittee to build or let the same ; and to see that 
said work be completely performed by the 26th 
day of June next." 

The first pastor was the Rev. Jacob Bacon. 
He was called to settle as the minister of the 
new plantation May 5, 1 738, and was ordained 
October 18th of the same year. The committee 
who presented the call consisted of Jeremiah 
Hall, David Foster, Isaac Clark, Josiah Fisher 
and Ebenezer Nims. 

The church was organized October 18, 1737, 
and soon after David Foster and Josiah Fisher 
were appointed deacons. Rev. Mr. Bacon was 
dismissed in 1747. 

The town was chartered in 1753, and at the 
first meeting held under the new charter it was 
voted to build a meeting-house of slabs for tem- 
porary use, and in the following December it was 
voted to build a meeting-house forty-five feet long 
and thirty-five feet wide. This house was 
erected on the common and used till the fall of 
1786, when it was removed to the west side of 
the common and rebuilt as the court-house of 
Cheshire County. 

The second house of worship was erected 
in 1786, and was an enterprise of no small 
magnitude for those early days. The pews were 
bought in anticipation of its being built and 
were generally paid for in cattle, which were 
sold at great discount. The following items 
are extracted from the records of the building 
committee : 

" To a journey in February, 1787, to Sutton, Frank- 
lin and Boston, to purchase oil, glass and vane, £1 
4s. Od. 

"To a journey down with 27 head of cattel to 
Wrentham, December, 1787; also, a journey to Provi- 
dence to buy the glass for the rneeting-house ; and 
expense of keeping said cattel, £5 3s. lOd. 

" May, 1788. — To a journey to Providence after the 
glass ; to carting glass from Providence to Wrentham ; 
also, a journey from Providence to Boston, 19s. Id. 

" Paid for cattel more than they sold for in cash, 
£16 18s. M. 

; ' To cash to defray the expenses of Samuel Heaton 

down to Wrentham after the glass for the meeting- 
house, wagon and two horses, £1 18s. 4rf. 

" Paid Mr. John Ward & Co., Providence, for glass, 
£38 5s. 4d." 

The pews sold for £941 5s. Raised by tax, 
four hundred pounds. 

The building committee consisted of Lieu- 
tenant Benjamin Hall, Deacon Daniel Kings- 
bury, Major Davis Howlet, Mr. Benjamin 
Anher, Lieutenant Reuben Partridge, Mr. Abi- 
jah Wilder and Mr. Thomas Baker. 

The pews were sold at auction, as follows : 


£ s. 

Daniel Xeweomb, Esq., No. 15 18 

Abijah Wilder, No. 20 18 10 

Daniel Newcomb, Esq., No. 17 18 

Benjamin Hall, No. 18 18 10 

James Wright, No. 62 17 

Thomas Baker, Jr., No. 19 16 10 

Nathan Blake, Jr., No. 61 16 10 

Abel Blake, No. 57 15 10 

Isaac Billings, No. 46 15 10 

Josiah Richardson, No. 34 16 

Aaron Ernes, No. 16 15 

Colonel Timothy Ellis, No. 63 15 10 

Thomas Baker, Esq., No. 14 15 

Benjamin Hall, Esq., No. 47 14 

Aaron Willson, No. 24 14 

Israel Houghton and } ]^ Q 25 14 

Elisha Briggs, i 

Alpheus Nims, No. 9 14 

David Howlet, No. 21 14 

Isaac Blake and 
Joseph Blake, 

Royal Blake, No. 60 14 

Thomas Field, No. 26 15 

Asa Dunbar, Esq., No. 35 14 

Alexander Ralston, No. 33 14 

John Swan, No. 59 13 10 

Luther Ernes, No. 36 13 10 

Jotham Metcalf, No. 28 13 10 

Daniel Kingsbury, No. 56 13 10 

Reuben Partridge, No. 31 12 10 

John Houghton, No 30 12 

Cornelius Sturtevant, No. 45 12 

Elijah Dunbar, No. 10 12 

Abraham Wheeler, Jr., No. 3 11 10 

Eliphalet Briggs, No. 48 11 

John P. Blake and j Nq 29 _ 10 1Q 

Andrew Slyfield, J 

David Nims, Jr., No. 8 10 10 

William Woods, No. 11 11 10 

Benjamin Archer, No. 51 10 

Benjamin Hall, No. 49 10 

, Eli Metcalf, No. 12 1<» 1" 

No. 27 14 



£ s. 

Benjamin Balch, No. 50 10 

Isaac Griswokl, No. 44 10 

Daniel Newcomb, Esq., No. 1 10 10 

Ebenezer Day, No. 55 10 

Thaddeus Metcalf, No. 13 10 

Ephraim Wright, No. 42 10 10 

David Wilson, No. 22 10 10 

Joshua Durant, No. 64 10 

Eri Richardson, No. 23 10 

John Dickson, No. 43 10 

Samuel Bassett, No. 7 10 

David Foster, No. 53 10 

Asahel Blake, No. 32 10 

Jesse Clark, No. 52 10 

Hananiah Hall and) -^ . -_, -.^ ,. 

Samuel Osgood, i 

Josiah Willard, No. 6 10 

Josiah Willard, No. 41 10 

John Stiles, No. 4 10 10 

Joseph Brown, No. 39 10 

Bartholomew Dwinell and) x - r 1A A 

,.,_., r No. 5 10 

John Stdes, J 

Daniel Wilson, No. 38 10 

Dan (hiilil, No. 2 10 

Simeon Clark, No. 37 12 10 

Josiah Willard, No. 40 10 


Thomas Baker, Jr., No. 13 9 10 

Stephen Chase, No. 16 8 10 

Benjamin Kemp, No. 10 9 10 

Timothy Balch and Ivr 14 _ .... 
Ebenezer Kobbms, ) 

Elisha Briggs, No. 15 7 10 

Eliakim Nims, No. 11..., 7 10 

Daniel Newcomb, Esq., No. 8 7 

Elisha Briggs, No. 12 6 10 

Benjamin Willis, Jr., No. 20 6 15 

Isaac Billings, No. 6 6 15 

Elisha Briggs, No. 14 6 15 Ware and ) Nq 2g ( . 1Q 

Jonas Osgood, 1 

Daniel Kingsbury, No. 19 6 05 

Eliphalet Briggs, No. 21 6 

Elisha Briggs, No. 7 5 10 

Nathaniel French, No. 9 5 

Millet Ellis, No. 22 4 10 

Daniel Newcomb, Esq., No. 18 7 

Flisha Briggs, No. 25 4 05 

Abijah Wilder, No. 24 9 

Reuben Partridge, No. 5 4 05 

Thomas Field, No. 4 4 10 

Alexander McDaniels, No. 2 4 05 

Eliphalel Briggs, No. 8 \ 05 

rimothy Balch, No. 1 5 

The pews on the floor (sixty-three) sold for 

seven hundred and eighty-nine pounds ; those 
in the gallery (twenty-five) for sixty pounds ; 
the whole number for eight hundred and forty- 
nine pounds, — about three thousand dollars. 

This church was remodeled in 1828 and sev- 
eral times since. 

Mr. Bacon's successor as pastor was Rev. 
Ezra Carpenter, who was installed October 4, 
1753, over the united church <>f Keene and 
Swanzey. He remained about seven years. 

At the separation of Keene from Swanzey the 
Keene Church was organized with fourteen male 
members, and June 11, 1761, Rev. Clement 
Sumner was ordained as pastor. He officiated 
about eleven years, and was succeeded, in 1777, 
by Rev. Aaron Hall. He was ordained Feb- 
ruary 18, 1778, the church at this time consist- 
ing of seventy-seven members. Mr. Hall 
officiated as pastor thirty-seven years. He died 
August 12, 1814. During his ministry two 
hundred and eleven members were received into 
the church. 

Rev. David Oliphant was the next pastor, 
installed May 24, 1815. He remained about 
three years and was succeeded by Rev. Z. S. 
Barstow, D.D., who was ordained July 1, 181 S. 
Dr. Barstow's pastorate covered a period of fifty 
years. He resigned March 1, 1868. Rev. J. 
A. Hamilton was his helper from February !>, 
1861, till August 10, 1865, and Rev. J. A. 
Leach from August 10, l<S(j(), till September 
21, 1867. 

Rev. William S. Karr, installed July 9, 1868, 
left January 1, 1873. 

Rev. Cyrus Richardson, from July 10, 1873, 
till July 10, 1883. 

The church at present (1885) has no settled 

( '< ).\< i i; i;< i a.tional Society x (Unitarian). 
— This society was organized March 18, 1824, 
by an association of sixty-nine men, under the 
statutes of the State of New Hampshire. It 
took the designation of " Keene Congregational 
Society." Mr. George Tilden is now, and has 
been for some years, the only survivor of that 
original membership. Among the original 

'The items for this sketch were very kindly furnished by 
Rev. William Orne White. 



members were Samuel Dinsmoor and Samuel 
Dinsmoor, Jr. (each Governor of New Hamp- 
shire), Thomas M. Edwards (late a member 
of Congress), Salma Hale (member of Con- 
gress) Silas Perry (the Revolutionary soldier), 
John Elliot, Aaron Appleton, John Prentiss, 
Francis Faulkner, James Wilson, Jr., William 
Lamson, Sumner Wheeler and Benjamin F. 
Adams ; and Phineas Handerson, in 1836, and 
William L. Foster, in 1842, added their 
names. Levi Chamberlain was a punctual 
attendant, although his name is not on that 
early list. 

The time-honored deacons, Samuel Wood, Jr., 
and Adolphus Wright, are there, — the one serv- 
ing upwards of twenty-nine and the other thirty- 
five years, — fitly succeeded in office by John 
Clark, who also served (until his death) nearly 
twenty-seven years. 

Add to such names among the departed, as 
chronicled above, the sons of Francis Faulk- 
ner, who, in a business career or at the bar, 
achieved renown; or men like William P. 
Abbott, of Nashua, who, thirty years ago, 
joined the parish heart and hand ; and it be- 
comes evident that its influence has left its 
mark upon the community. And yet, without 
the scores of earnest", faithful, industrious men 
with their households, who have adorned a 
more quiet career, the society could not have let 
its light shine as it has. 

Rev. William Orne White says : " I deemed 
myself fortunate in succeeding, in 1851, such 
ministers as Thomas Russell Sullivan and Abiel 
Abbot Livermore, one of whom had given nine 
and a half and the other thirteen and a half years 
to the parish, and had left behind them the record 
of earnest work, and that 'good name 'which 
' is better than precious ointment.' ' 

The church edifice was enlarged by one-third 
its space and remodeled in 1867—68. 

Early in 1869, through the gift of one thou- 
sand dollars by the late Charles Wilson, the 
germ of the Invalids' Home was planted, which 
by subsequent bequests of five thousand dollars 
and upwards from the late Mrs. Rebecca H. 
Cooke, and one thousand dollars from the late 
John J. Allen, as well as through numerous sub- 
scriptions and the co-operation of friends in 

other parishes in Keene, has been enabled to 
reach its present state of efficiency. 

Nearly five thousand dollars were paid to- 
wards the missionary efforts of the American 
Unitarian Association by members of the 
parish during the twenty-seven years of Mr. 
White's ministry, besides contributions to 
Freedmen's Schools, the New Hampshire Or- 
phans' Home and other charities. Mr. White's 
predecessor had been eminently faithful to this 
department of parish exertion. 

Mr. White recorded two hundred and thirty- 
one baptisms, all but a very few being in Keene. 
In Keene or its vicinity he officiated, during his 
pastorate, at nearly five hundred burials. 

It is proper to add that the Keene Athenaeum 
(precursor of the Keene Public Library) 
owed its origin largely to efforts of persons of 
our own parish. Yet, in saying this, the cor- 
dial co-operation — during the war and at other 
times — of generous-hearted souls in all the 
parishes, in the behalf of the soldiers, freed- 
men, etc., cannot be forgotten. 

Baptist Church. 1 — Baptists from Middle- 
borough, Mass., located in the east part of 
Westmoreland, where they constituted a church 
in 1771. This family spread into the west part 
of Keene. Here a church of the same faith 
was recognized by an ecclesiastical council on 
the 9th day of September, 1816, consisting of 
thirteen members. It was gathered under the 
ministry of Rev. Charles Cummings. The 
church was received into the Dublin Baptist 
Association in October of that year. A small 
meeting-house, with square pews and a gallery, 
was built that autumn. It was situated in that 
part of the town known as " Ash Swamp," and 
dedicated December 25, 181 6. 2 Worship was 
continued here, at irregular periods, under many 
discouragements, till 1838, when Baptist preach- 

i By Rev. William H. Eaton, P.P. 

2 This meeting-house was built mainly through the 
agency of David Carpenter, whose son, Caleb Carpenter, 
paid largely toward the removal of the debt on the new 
house on Court Street. The frame of the old house still 
exists, in part, in the dwelling-house on the corner of 
Middle and Summer Streets, now owned by Mr. James 
Donnelly. The bell is still preserved and is now used in 
tin' new church. 



ing was commenced in the village. The effort 
was so successful that a brick meeting-house, 
forty-five feet by sixty-eight and a half feet, 
on Winter Street, 1 was dedicated September 
17, 1839. The interest in the village was 
started and the house built under the efficient 
labors of Rev. John Peacock. He baptized 
forty-six during the year and a half of his 
ministry. Rev. Mark Carpenter, late of Mil- 
ford, was publicly recognized as pastor of the 
church on the 22d of April, 1840, and dis- 
missed on the 3d of October, 1844, having 
baptized sixty into the fellowship of the church. 
He was succeeded by Mr. Horace Richardson, 
of Cornish, a recent graduate of Newton Theo- 
logical Institution, who was ordained May 7, 
1845. He was dismissed April 1, 1846. After 
him Rev. Gilbert Robbins, late of Rumney, 
took charge of the church, commencing his 
labors in August of that year. He remained 
here eleven years, tendering his resignation 
in June, 1857. It was a time of sowing and 
not of reaping, though he had the privilege in 
one associational year of baptizing twenty- 

In 1853 a convenient two-story parsonage, 
with a small barn, was built on the west side of 
Court Street, about one-half mile from the 
meeting-house. The lot measured sixty-six 
tict front, with an average depth of about 
one hundred and fifty-five feet. The land 
and buildings cost sixteen hundred and fifty 

In October of 1857, Rev. Leonard Tracy be- 
came the pastor, and in June of 1863 gave up 
his charge, respected and beloved by all. In 
the mean time he baptized twenty-six. In the 
autumn of 1863 the attention of the people was 
directed to Mr. William X. Clarke, of Caze- 
novia, N. Y., a recent graduate of Hamilton 
Theological Seminary, and he was ordained the 
pastor January 14. 1864. tie remained here 
five years and a half, in which time he baptized 
twenty-two and gave a moral impulse to the 
church. While he was here a new organ was 

^he building committee for the house on Winter Street 
were Levi Willard, William Stowits and Amasa Brown. 
The house remains on its original location, though oc- 
cupied for secular purposes 

purchased, costing twelve hundred and fifty dol- 
lars. He closed his labors here May 9, 1869. 

He was succeeded bv Mr. Austin V. Tilton, 
a graduate of Newton Theological Institution, 
and a sou of Rev. J. D. Tilton, of Milford. He 
was ordained September 30, 1869, and con- 
tinued his labors here till May 5, 1872. He 
" labored for direct spiritual fruit," and had the 
satisfaction of adding to the church, by baptism, 
twenty-five in less than three years of his 

On the 26th of May, LS72, Rev. William H. 
Eaton, D.D., late of Nashua, was invited to be- 
come pastor. After spending about two months 
with the people he accepted the call. He was in- 
stalled September 1st. The question of a new 
house of worship had been under discussion for 
sometime. After the settlement of Dr. Eaton 
the question was soon revived. All felt that 
extensive repairs must be made on the old 
house, or a new house must be built. The lat- 
ter plan was finally agreed upon with great 
unanimity. A lot was purchased on the east 
side of Court Street, known as the Abijah Wil- 
der estate. It included a two-story dwelling- 
house on the corner of Court and Vernon 
Streets, which was set aside as a parsonage, while 
the other was sold for five thousand two hun- 
dred dollars. After disposing of some of the 
land on the east side of the Wilder lot, the re- 
mainder, with the dwelling-house, cost ten 
thousand five hundred dollars. 

( {round was broken for the new church on the 
3d day of June, 1873, with appropriate reli- 
gious services. The house was dedicated May 
12, 1875. It is made of brick, and measures, 
in the main body, fifty-nine by one hundred and 
four feet. The recess is twenty-eight and a half 
by fourteen feet. The spire rises to the height of 
one hundred and sixty-seven feet from the 
ground, surmounted by a gilded weather-vane 
five feet high. The style of architecture is 
Romauesque. The auditorium is in the second 
story, and easily accommodates seven hundred 
and fifty people. It is finished in ash and black 
walnut. The orchestra is in the rear of the 
pulpit. There is a small gallery over the front 
vestibule j there are six beautiful memorial win- 
dows, three on each side. The acoustic proper- 



ties of the house are excellent. The rooms on 
the first floor consist of chapel, vestry, parlor, 
kitchen, pantry, toilet-room, etc. The whole 
house is well-proportioned, substantially built, 
conveniently arranged and tastefully decorated. 
It cost, with furniture, exclusive of the land, 
fifty-two thousand dollars. 1 The building of 
this house of worship was followed by great 
financial depression in the community, which 
imposed a very heavy debt upon the church and 
society, which was borne with a commendable 
degree of patience and fortitude. They paid 
for all home expenses, on an average, about 
seven thousand dollars a year, for twelve years, 
and they now have the reward of having their 
valuable church property nearly free of debt. 
Since 1872 the numerical increase of the church 
has been small, yet fully equal to any other 
period of the same length, with one exception. 
During Mr. Eaton's ministry, thus far, fifty-one 
have been added by baptism and fifty-eight by 
letter. Still, the diminution by deaths and re- 
movals has been almost equal to the additions. 
However, the church, through its entire history, 
has gradually increased from the original thir- 
teen, in September, 1816, to one hundred and 
ninety -six, in March, 1885. 

The Sabbath-school, comparatively, is large 
and promising, consisting of eighteen teachers, 
two hundred and eighty scholars, with an aver- 
age attendance of about one hundred and thirty- 
five. The library numbers eight hundred and 
fifty volumes ; A. G. Sprague, superintendent. 

St. James' Church. 2 — Strictly speaking, the 
history of St. James' Church, Keene? dates from 
the year 1858. 

Previous to this time, however, services had 
been held from time to time, as opportunity 
offered, by various visiting clergymen. 

For instance, the Rev. Mr. Leonard, rector 
of St. Paul's Church, Windsor, Vt., visited 
Keene, accompanied by Mr. and Mrs. Dunham 
and other parishioners, and held several services 
in the village some time in the year 181(5. 

1 The building committee for the new church on Court 
Street were Reuben Stewart, Moses Ellis, Dauphin W. 
Comstock, Joseph Foster and John Flynn. The architect 
was S. S. Woodcock, Boston. Mass. 

* By Rev. W. B. T. Smith 

Soon after this visit the regular services of 
the church were conducted for several weeks, 
probably by the Rev. Mr. Leonard, assisted by 
the Rev. Mr. Moss, of Newburyport, Mass., in 
the " old court-house," then standing on the 
site of what is now called Gerould's Block. 

Among the citizens favoring this undertaking 
were Elijah Dunbar, Esq., and Dr. Thomas 
Edwards. Their services, however, soon ceased. 

An occasion of marked interest was the fun- 
eral of Hon. Ithamar Chase, father of the 
late Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase. 

The funeral service was held in the Congre- 
gational house of worship, and was conducted 
by the Rev. Dr. Strong, of Greenfield, Mass., 
August 11, 1817. 

This is supposed to have been the first funeral 
service ever conducted in Keene according to 
the rites of the Protestant Episcopal Church. 
It was largely attended, and is said to have 
created a very favorable impression of the 

Bishop Griswold, of the Eastern Diocese, once 
visited Keene, confirming Dr. and Mrs. Ed- 

The Rev. Mr. Barber, rector of Union Church, 
West Claremont, occasionally officiated in 
Keene, and administered the sacrament of 
Holy Baptism. From time to time, also, ser- 
vices were held in town by the Rev. Nathaniel 

The Rev. Dr. Sprague was a native of Keene, 
and improved every opportunity of extending 
the knowledge and influence of the church in 
these parts. 

Happily, a memorial window was placed iu 
St. James' Church in 1864, when the building 
was completed, which serves to keep alive the 
memory of the many good words and works of 
this faithful servant of Christ. 

The Rev. Henrv N. Hudson, of the Diocese 
of Massachusetts, also held a series of services 
iu Keene in the summer of 1850. 

These services were sustained bv a distin- 
guished layman residing in Boston, — the late 
Henry M. Parker, — and were at first held in the 
town hall ; but this room proved to be too 
large and expensive for the present undertaking, 
and, after much delay and difficulty, Mr. Hud- 



son succeeded in securing a more suitable room. 
This was in the second story of an unoccupied 
building belonging to the late Hon. James 

This room Mr. Hudson himself took gnat 
pleasure in putting in order, making the furni- 
ture with his own hands, except the settee-, 
which, greatly to his regret, he was obliged to 
purchase, which, he observes, was the most un- 
pleasant [tart of it all. 

The room was large enough to accommodate 
about seventy-live individuals. Services were 
held here regularly through the summer and 
early fall, on Sundays, morning and evening, and 
on Saints' days. 

These services were well attended and excited 
considerable interest in church methods. Mr. 
Hudson rented a small musical instrument, and 
he remarks that by the good will and favor of 
some worthy young people, he had "the benefit 
of a competent choir and reasonably good 

Mr. Hudson's work was at length interrupted 
by a call from Bishop Chase to supply his own 

place as rector of Trinity Church, Claren t, 

while he himself was absent doing episcopal 
duty in the Diocese of New York. 

There was no attempt to organize a parish in 
Keene at this time, and when Mr. Hudson was 
released from duty at Claremont it seemed to 
him to be impracticable to resume this mission- 
ary undertaking;. And although occasional 
services had been held from time to time in 
private houses, by different visiting clergymen, 
nothing further was done looking to the estab- 
lishment of the Episcopal Church till the sum- 
mer of 1858. 

On June 24th of that year (St. John Bap- 
tists' Day) the Right Reverend Carlton Chase, 
D.D., bishop of the diocese, visited Keene, held 
evening service and preached. 

He was encouraged, by the expressed wishes 
of those he met, to attempt the permanent es- 
tablishment of the services of the church. 

Accordingly, he invited the Rev. Edward A. 
Renouf, then assistant minister at St. Stephen's 
Church, Boston, Mass., to visit KLeene and act 
as his missionary for a few weeks. Mr. Renouf 
at once accepted the invitation, and, with the 

assistance of the Rev. Dr. Fuller, also of the 
Diocese of Massachusetts, services were soon 
begun, and, being well attended, were continued 
regularly through September and October fol- 

At length Mr. Renouf resigned his position 
at St. Stephen's, and directly after Easter, 1859, 
undertook entire charge of the work. Mean- 
while he purchased the estate where he now re- 
sides (1885), and, in July of the same year, re- 
moved thither with his family. 

On May 13, 1859, the parish of St. James' 
Church was duly organized and the usual 
officers chosen. 

May 1 5th certain friends of the church 
bought of the Cheshire Railroad Company the 
lot now occupied by the church edifice, for the 
sum of thirteen hundred dollars, and deeded it 
to the parish. 

May 18th the Rev. E. A. Renouf was called 
to be rector of St. James' Church, and at once 
accepted the call. 

May 25th this parish was admitted into 
union with the Convention of the Diocese of 
New Hampshire, and was represented in that 
convention by Mr. H. Brownson, as lay dele- 

On Sunday, August 7th, the Holy Com- 
munion was celebrated in this parish for the 
first time. On the Sunday following (August 
4th) the Sunday-school was organized with 
four teachers and sixteen pupils present. 

In Oct* >ber, 1 86< >, plans f< >r a stone church, with 
seating capacity of about live hundred, were sub- 
mitted for approval by C. E. Parker, architect, 
of Boston, Mass., at an estimated cost not to 
exceed twelve thousand dollars, which, after 
some modifications and no small difficulty and 
delay, were at length agreed upon, and ground 
was broken Ascension Day, May 14, 1863. 
The corner-stone was laid by the bishop of 
the diocese, assisted by the rector and several 
clergymen of this and the Diocese of Vermont, 
June 30, 18 63, at which time an able address 
was delivered by the Rev. Isaac G. Hubbard, 
D.D., rector of Grace Church, Manchester, 
N. II. The building was completed and made 
ready for use during the following summer. 

The first service was held in it August 21, 



1864 ; but the chancel furniture and other ap- 
pointments were still incomplete, and there re- 
mained an unliquidated debt of seven thousand 
dollars, which delayed for several years the 
service of consecration. 

On April 17, 1868, the Rev. Mr. Renouf 
tendered his resignation of the rectorship, to 
take effect on the 31st of May following. 

During Mr. Renouf's rectorship of nine 
years there were of baptisms in St. James' par- 
ish, 95; confirmations, 58; admitted to Holy 
Communion, 96 ; marriages, 32 ; burials, 64. 
The whole amount of offerings, exclusive of the 
cost of the church building-lot, was seven thou- 
sand nine hundred and fifty-nine dollars. 

The Rev. George W. Brown was called to 
be rector October 19, 1868. During his rec- 
torship the church was decorated within, and, 
after prolonged effort, the money needed to liq- 
uidate the debt was raised, the late Hon. Wil- 
liam P. Wheeler having pledged one thou- 
sand dollars toward the whole amount needed, 
provided the parish would raise the rest. Ac- 
cordingly, the church was consecrated by Bishop 
Niles, November 22, 1877. 

Mr. Brown resigned the rectorship April 13, 

May 9th of the same year the Rev. A. B. 
Crawford was called to be rector, and resigned 
April 9, 1882. 

June 19, 1882, the Rev. Floyd W. Tomkins, 
Jr., rector of St. Paul's Church, Minneapolis, 
Minn., was called to be rector of St. James' 
Church ; accepted, and entered upon his duties 
as rector September 1, 1882. Mr. Tom- 
kins resigned March 1, 1884, in order to accept 
a call to Calvary Chapel, New York City. 

September 15, 1884, the Rev. W. B. T. 
Smith, rector of Union Church, West Clare- 
mont, was called ; accepted, and entered upon 
his duties as rector Sunday, November 23, 

Grace Methodist Church was organized 
in November, 1835, with thirty members. 

The present church edifice was erected in 
1 869 at a cost of forty thousand dollars. 

Roman Catholic Church. — There is also 
a Roman Catholic Church here, with Rev. J. 
R. Power as pastor. 


KEENE— (Continued). 

The Cemeteries — Gravestone Inscriptions — Historical 
Notes — Reminiscences. 

To guard properly, and care for the resting- 
places of our dead is alike the dictate of affec- 
tion, Christianity and our common humanity. 
This is the duty first of friends and families ; 
but these all die, while the towns, the State, 

I find in the records of the proprietors of 
the town of Keene that it was voted, February 
23, 1762, that the neck of land where Isaac 
Clark and Amos Foster were buried be appro- 
priated and set apart for a burying-place for 
the town. This lot, I think, must be the one 
now belonging to the farm of Captain Robin- 
son, at the lower end of Main Street. Captain 
Ephraim Dorman, one of the original proprie- 
tors of the town, living in Keene in 1738, died 
here in 1795, and was buried in this place. 
This burying-gronnd was probably used by the 
town to bury their dead for more than thirty 
years. The burying-ground on Washington 
Street was not used, as I can learn, until about 
1 795. Visit our beautiful new cemetery on Bea- 
ver Street; look at the costly monuments in 
granite and marble, the beautiful trees and flow- 
ers, planted by the hand of affection ; ask that 
mourner that is shedding tears above the new- 
made grave, or the present owner of any of 
the lots in this beautiful place, if they cotdd 
believe any one that should tell them that in 
less than one hundred years all these monuments 
will be removed far from this place, the graves 
all leveled and the grounds ploughed and 
planted, and the bones of their dear ones go to 
fertilize the soil, that a good crop of corn and 
potatoes might be raised, — no one would believe 
this story ; and he that was bold enough to tell 
it would be looked upon as a false prophet, or 
one that should be confined in an insane asylum 
as a dangerous person. Yet this same thing 
has been done in this very goodly town of 
Keene. On that neck of land set apart by the 



fathers, and at that time (17G2) the owners of 
the town, these men, with their wives and chil- 
dren, were buried ; costly monuments (for the 
times) were erected, with their good deeds and 
their virtues inscribed thereon ; for many years 
their graves were strewn with flowers, and 
tears were shed for the loved ones by their chil- 
dren's children ; but can one of the descend- 
ants of these patriots tell where the bones of 
their ancestors now rest? Not one of them; for 
their monuments have been removed, the ground 
leveled, ploughed and planted, as any other part 
of the farm, and their dust goes to enrich the 
land, ('mild towns be made to suffer, as indi- 
viduals, for wrong-doing, I don't know of any 
penalty too great to be imposed on the town of 
Keene for this great wrong. I remember more 
than forty years ago hearing the old people 
talking about the old burying-ground, and 
saying that it was a disgrace not to protect it ; 
but nothing was done until the annual town- 
meeting March 12, 1844, when William Lam- 
son (a man who, while living, always protested 
against the desecration of these graves) made 
the following communication to the meeting : 

"Mr. Edwards (Thos. M. Edwards, moderator): I 
intended to request the selectmen to insert in the 
warrant for tins meeting, 'To see what the town will 
do with the old burial-ground on the farm now owned 
by Sam'l Robinson, Esq.' There is a bottom of a 
stone wall that once enclosed it. but in such a condi- 
tion that cattle walk over it; many of the grave- 
stones have been broken otf, but few are now stand- 
ing ; one of these is that of Capt. Dorman, whose 
life is the history of our town. I now present this, 
hoping that the town will choose a committee to ex- 
amine into its situation, and make a report at our 
next town-meeting. I would recommend that the 
committee lie elected from our citizens advanced in 
life, and who may know something of the history of 
the town." 

A committee was appointed at this meeting 
consisting of Calvin Chapman, Salma Hale 
and Aaron Hall. At the annual town-meeting 
held March 11, 184o, the subjeel was referred 
to the same committee, who were authorized, if 
they deemed it expedient, to fence the old bury- 
ing-ground at the expense of the town. No- 
thins was done that year. At the annual town- 
meeting March 11, 1846, it was voted that the 
selectmen be directed to cause a proper fence to 

be constructed around the old burying-ground 
near Mr. Robinson's, at the south end of Main 
Street, " provided Mr. Robinson consents, and 
the expense shall not exceed seventy-five dol- 
lars." Nothing was ever done — why, I know 
not ; but I think it was ascertained that the 
town had lost their rights in the " bones of the 
original owners." After this the grave-stones 
that could stand alone were taken up and set 
against the fence; and those that knew the 
graves know them no more. A few years ago 
Mr. Stephen Barker, then having the care of 
the new cemetery, to save the few remaining 
monuments (thirteen in number) caused them to 
be removed to the new cemetery and set up in 
good order just north of the receiving-tomb. 
On one of these monuments you may read, 
" Here lies the Body of Elizabeth, eldest 
daughter of the Rev. ('lenient and Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Sumner, who departed this life Feb. 20th, 
A.D. 17()7." Now I propose to add to this 
inscription — " I once lived, I died and was bur- 
ied, but where my bones are now crumbling 
into dust no mortal man can tell." Now who 
was this Captain Ephraim Dorman, whose life 
Mr. Lamson said was the history of the town ? 
I have searched the records of the proprietors 
of the town of Keene, and find that he was 
born in 1710 and lived in Keene in 1738 ; in 
1740 the proprietors voted him and thirty-eight 
others ten acres of upland for hazarding their 
lives and estate by living here to bring forward 
the settling of the place. 

The following is an extract from the " An- 
nals of Keene," published in 1826 : 

"Early in the morning of the 23d of April, 1746, 
Ephraim Dorman left the fort in search for his cow. 
He went northwardly along the horders of what was 
then a hideous and almost impervious swamp, lying 
east of the fort, until he arrived near the place where 
the turnpike now is. Looking into the swamp he 
perceived several Indians lurking in the hushes. . He 
immediately gave the alarm by crying 'Indians! In- 
dians!' and ran towards the fort. Two who were 
concealed in the bushes between him and the fort 
sprang forward, aimed their pistols at him and fired, 
luil neither hit him. They then, throwing away their 
arms, advanced towards him ; one he knocked down 
by a blow, which deprived him of his senses; the 
other he seized, and, being a strongman and able 
wrestler, tried his strength and skill in his favorite 



mode of ' trip and twitch.' He tore his antagonist's 
hlanket from his shoulders, leaving him nearly naked. 
He then seized him by the arms and body, but as he 
was painted and greased, he slipped from his grasp. 
After a short struggle Dorman quitted him, ran 
towards the fort and reached it in safety." 

Ephraiin Dorman was one of the original 
proprietors to call the first legal town-meeting 
in Keene. At this meeting, held on the first 
Wednesday of May, 1753, it was "Voted that 
the sum of eight dollars be paid to Ephraim 
Dorman for his services in going to Portsmouth 
on business relating to the charter. Voted to 
Benjamin Bellows one hundred and twenty-two 
Spanish milled dollars for his services and ex- 
penses in getting the charter of Keene. Voted 
to raise one hundred and twenty-two pounds, 
old tenor, for the use of preaching the present 
year. Chose Ephraim Dorman one of the 
assessors of the town." 

At the second meeting Dorman was one of a 
committee to see that the proprietors' title to 
lauds in the township be lawful and good ; if 
so, to give them liberty to have them recorded 
in the proprietors' " Book of Records." Feb- 
ruary 23, 17G2, he w r as on a committee to draw 
lots for a division of lauds among the proprie- 
tors of the town. March 7, 1769, he was 
moderator in town-meeting. In 1773 he was 
captain of the foot company of Keene, number- 
ing one hundred and fortv-six men : was also 
one of the first to start a company for the seat 
of war after the fight at Lexington, April 19, 

Now does not this man deserve a monument 
of marble or bronze, with this inscription on it : 
" He gave his property, his life, his all, to 
Keene ?" Captain Ephraim Dorman died in 
Keene May 7, 1795, aged eighty-five. To show 
the contrast in patriotism one hundred years 
ago, as compared with the present time, read 
the following : " At a town-meeting held in 
Keene Sept., 1773, voted to give Dea. David 
Foster liberty to lay out three acres of land on 
the West Beach Hill, in the common land, in 
such place as he may choose, in recompense for 
his services done for the 'proprietary in eight 
years past." 

The following are the inscriptions copied 
from the thirteen old slate monuments brought 

from the old burying-ground, and now in the 
new cemetery. I have numbered them to keep 
them distinct : 

No. 1. — Elizabeth Sumner. 

No. 2. — William Sumner. 

No. 3. — In memory of Abner, son of Mr. Nathan 
Blake, who died July 7th, 1766, in the 6th year of his 

No. 4. — Here lie3 the body of Elizabeth, eldest 
daughter of the Revd. Clement and Mrs. Elizabeth 
Sumner, who departed this life Feb. 26th, A.D. 1767, 
aged 7 years anel 4 days. 

" In the midst of life we are in death. 
happy child, how soon thy race was run ! 
Now free from anxious care and sorrow, 
While with thy Saviour and forever blest." 

No. 5. — In memory of ye Widow Betsey Fair- 
banks, ye wife of Capt. Nathan Fairbanks ; she deed. 
Feb. ye 26th, 1772, in ye 69th year of her age. 

No. 6. — Here lies the body of William, eldest 
son of the Rev. Clement anel Mrs. Elizabeth Sumner, 
who died December 13th, 1765, the day of his birth. 
''Time how short, eternity how long !" 

No. 7. — " In memory of Mrs. Zipporah, wife of Mr. 
Ezra Harvey, who deed. Oct. ye 30th, 1778, in ye 27th 
year of her age. 

No. 8. — In memory of Zipporah, daughter of Mr. 
Ezra Harvey and Elizabeth his wife; she elied Janu- 
uary 21st, 1778, aged 2 years 7 mo. 21 dayes. 

No. 9. — In memory of Daviel Baker, son of 

Thomas Baker, Esq., and Mrs. Sarah, his wife, who 

died January ye 27th, 1789, in ye 20th year of his 


" Time was I stood where thou dost now, 

And viewed the dead as thou dost me ; 

Ere long thou'lt lie as low as I, 

And others stand and look on thee." 

No. 10. — Capt. Ephraim Dorman, died May 7th, 
1795, aged 85. Capt. Dorman was one of the first 
settlers and an original proprietor of the town of 

No. 11. — Mrs. Hepzibah Dorman. 

No. 12. — In memory of 'Mrs. Abigail, wife of 
Genl. James Reed, who departed this life August 
27th, 1791, in the 68th year of her age. 
" There's nothing here but who as nothing weighs. 

The more our joy the more we know it's vain ; 

Lose then from earth the grasp of fond desire, 

Weigh anchor anel some happier clime explore." 

Mrs. Abigail Reed. 

No. 13. — Memento Mori. This stone is erected 
to perpetuate the memory of Madam Ruth Whitney, 
who departed this life in the 72d year of her age. 
She was successively married to the Revel. David 
Stearns, of Luningburg, and the Revd. Aaron Whit- 
ney, of Petersham, both of whom she survived. For 
diligence, patience, piety and knowledge, she was 



eminently distinguished. As this stone cannot tell 
all her virtues, sutlice to say that as a wife, she was 
prudent and faithful; as a mother, discreet and ten- 
der ; as a neighbor, friendly and charitable; as a 

Christian, intelligent and exemplary. A life thus 
spent terminated with composure on the first of No- 
vember, 1788. 

"The righteous shall be had in everlasting remem- 

The old burying-ground on Washington 
Street has been used as a place for burying- the 
dead since the year 1788. I remember almost 

every one that has been interred here in the last 
fifty years, and the number is between two and 


three thousand. As I first remember it, it was 
surrounded on all sides with a stone wall, the 
same kind that may be found to-day e>n almost 
all our hill farms. There was a small building 
in the back part of the yard, painted black, to 
keep the tools in for digging the graves, also 
for storing the biers. There were two biers, 
one for adults and one for children. At a 
funeral the coffin was placed on the bier, and a 
black cloth, called a pall, spread over it. Eight 
persons were selected, called the pall-bearers, 
four to carry the body, the other four to walk 
on before to assist when necessary, the mourn- 
ers and friends following behind on foot. Thus 
the funeral procession moved along until it 
reached the grave, when the last ceremony was 
performed, the church bell tolling all the while. 
In those days the bell was also tolled in the 
morning of the day of the funeral as a notice 
to the people of the town that a funeral was to 
take place on that day. Alter striking the bell 
a few times in the morning of the day of the 
funeral, the age aud sex was struck, — if for a 
male, one blow ; if for a female, two ; then the 
number of blows corresponding to the number 
of years the person had lived. So the bell 
tolled it- story and those hearing its sound 
could tell who was to be buried on that day. 

About 1830 the tombs on the west side of the 
yard were built ; those on the south some years 
later. These tombs were used for manv vcars, 
but it was always a very unpleasant duty to 
open them ; coffins would soon decay and fall 
in pieces, and many times in the spring of the 
year I have known the .-now to melt and run 
in at the door and cause the bodies to floai 

around. There are probably at this time the 
remains of about one hundred bodies in these 
tombs. These receptacles for the dead are now 
I mi seldom used. I will begin on the right- 
hand side as we go in through the gate, and 
give the names of the owners and inscriptions 
on their tombs : 

No. 1. — riiinehas Fisk. 

No. 2. — William Lamson. 

No. 3. — Thos. Edward and John Hatch. 

No. 4.— John Elliot. 

No. 5. — David Carpenter. 

No. 6. — Noah Cooke. 

No. 7. — F. Faulkner and R. Montague. 

No. 8.— Aaron Hall. 

No. 9. — C. Chapman, D. Heaton, J. Towns. 

No. 10.— J. Wright, E. Wright, E. Wright (2d). 

On the left-hand side : 

No. 1. — Samuel Dinsmoor. 

No. 2. — James Wilson. 

No. 3.— John H. Fuller. John H. Fuller died 
Fel). 24, 1869, aged 77 yrs. and 4 mos. Pamelia, wife 
of John H. Fuller and daughter of Kev. E. Conant, 
died July 27, 1829, aged 30. Foster A., their infant 
son, 1829. Sarah A., their daughter, Decemher 25, 
1838, aged 19. James G., their son, Jan. 25, 1853, 
aged 27. In memory of Lucius D. Pierce, Attorney 
at Law, Winchendon, Mass., died May 8, 1858, aged 
38. Fred K. Bartlett, Attorney at Law at St. Croix 
Falls, Wis., died Dec. 1, 1858, aged 39, hushands of 
Lucy and Sophia, daughters of John H. Fuller. 

No. 4. — Charles G. Adams. 

No. 5. — Joseph Dorr and Ormand Dutton. 

No. 6.— Eli Metcalf, died August 3, 1835, aged 85. 
Elizabeth Metcalf, died Feb. 13, 1842, aged 80. They 
gave th rir whole property in charity. 

No. 7. — S. Hastings, L. B. Page, A. Dodge. 

No. 8. — Ahel Blake and Nathan Dana. 

In May, 1858, just before the centennial cel- 
ebration came off, the tombs, being in rather a 
dilapidated condition, through the efforts of 
Rev. Z. S. Barstow and others, were put in 
good condition and whitewashed, so as to appear 
decent on that occasion. I think nothing has 
been done to them since. In 1847 the town 
voted to build a new fence around the yard; so 
the old wall was removed and the present fence 
put up ; the old black hearse-house has since 
been taken away. 

In 1855 the town purchased of Thomas M. 
Edwards what was then called the old muster- 
field, lor the new cemetery on Beaver Street, 



and many of the remains have been removed 
from the old grounds to the new, as the old 
yard was nearly full. The writer at the time 
the land for the new cemetery was bought was 
one of the selectmen of the town, and, with a 
few, urged the necessity of purchasing more 
land, — that is, going as far as Beach Hill, — but 
the very wise men told us that this lot would 
answer for fifty years at least. 

On one of the first monuments we see in going 
into this old cemetery we read, " To preserve 
from oblivion the memory of Wm. M. Pierce." 
Now it was from this old grave-stone that I 
selected my text, and by copying the inscrip- 
tions on all of the monuments, will do my share 
towards preserving them. I will let each stone 
tell its own story, and should there be among 
your readers those that find the name of a dear 
relative or friend among this long list, I am 
confident they will do what they can towards 
keeping the old burying-ground on Washing- 
ton Street sacred. Let it be a pleasant place 
for us to visit while living, and a safe place for 
our bones when dead. When this last shall 
take place, we will simply leave this injunction 
to body-snatchers and gossips : " Let our dead 
alone — resurrecting neither our bodies nor our 
faults." I have arranged the list alphabeti- 
cally, also giving the oldest date first in each 
case : 

No. 1. — In memory of Lt. Daniel Adams, who died 
Oct. 27th, 1813, aged 59 yrs. 

No. 2.— Children of B. F. and L. E. Adams : Mary 
Jane, died Feb. 18, 1834, aged 2 yrs. ; Julie Ann, 
died July 1, 1837, aged 1 yr. ; Frank Benjamin, died 
Dec. 5, 1842, aged 4.V yrs. 

No. 3. — Abigail Adams, died Aug. 4, 1841, aged 72 

No. 4.— Elijah Adams, died Dec. 31, 1862, aged 76 

No. 5. — Amanda Adams, wife of Elijah Adams, 
died July 25, 1852, aged 66 years. 

No. 6. — Hannah T. Fowler Adams, wife of Levi M. 
Adams, died Aug. 25, 1850, aged 27. 

No. 7. — D. Adams (marble monument). 

No. 8.— Daniel Adams, M.D., died June 9, 1864, 
aged 90 yrs. 8 mos. 10 days. 

No. 9. — Nancy Adams, wife of Dr. Daniel Adams, 
died May 14, 1851, aged 70 yrs. 8 mos. 15 days. 

No. 10. — Edward Knight Aldrich, son of Dunbar 
Aldrich, died March 27, 1831, aged 1 yr. 8 mos. 

No. 11. — Abbott (marker). 

No. 12. — Mary Ann Abbott, daughter of Daniel 

and Polly Abbott, died Sept. 20, 1831, aged 6 years 20 


" The fairest flower soon fades away." 

No. 13. — Frank Fisk Albee, son of John J. and 
Harriet M. Albee, died Aug. 13, 1854, aged 4 mos. and 
22 days. 

No. 14. — Ella Maria, daughter of John J. and 
Harriet M. Albee, died Oct. 14, 1855, aged 3 weeks. 

No. 15. — Harriet Fisk Albee, wife of John J. Albee, 
died July 23, 1858, aged 34 years. 

No. 16.— Capt. Eliphalet Briggs, died Oct. 11, 1776, 
aged 42 yrs. 

No. 17.— Mary Cobb, wife of Capt. Eliphalet 
Briggs, died June 9, 1806, aged 69 yrs. 

No. 18.— Eliphalet Briggs, died March 23, 1827, 
aged 62 yrs. 

No. 19. — Elizabeth Briggs, wife of Eliphalet 
Briggs, died March 23, 1819, aged 49 yrs. 

"Virtue alone is happiness below." 

No. 20. — Polly Briggs, died July, 1795, aged 3 yrs. ; 
Sally Briggs, died July, 1795, aged 9 mos. ; daughters 
of Eliphalet and Elizabeth Briggs. 

No. 21. — Eliza S., daughter of Eliphalet and Emma 
Briggs, died Aug. 2, 1839, aged 14 yrs. 

No. 22. — Briggs (granite monument). 

No. 23.— Eliphalet Briggs, ob. June 13, 1853, aged 
65 yrs. 

No. 24.— Lucy Briggs, ob. Dec. 19, 1845, aged 57 

No. 25.— Sarah W. Briggs, ob. July 10, 1873, aged 
43 yrs. 

No. 26. — Nancy A. Briggs, wife of William S. 
Briggs, died Feb. 14, 1868, aged 46 yrs. 

No. 27. — Daniel Adams Briggs, born Feb. 21, 1847, 
died May 26, 1847. 

No. 28.— Ellen Briggs, daughter of L. H. and E. 
H. Briggs. 

No. 29. — Mary A., wife of Joseph W. Briggs, and 
daughter of Josiah Colony, born Sept. 14, 1825, died 
April 11, 1859. 

No. 30.— Wilder Briggs, died March 15, 1827, aged 
34 yrs. Charles S., son of W. and Sally Briggs, died 
May 20, 1827, aged 4 mos. Sally Briggs, wife of 
Wilder Briggs, died May 20, 1851, aged 66 yrs. 

No. 31. — Louisa Briggs, 1788 (granite marker). 

No. 32.— Elijah Blake, died April 3, 1791, aged 7 

No. 33.— Parley Blake, died August 29, 1797, aged 
6 weeks and 4 days. 

" And these babes must pay their due, 
Sure riper years must pay it too." 

No. 34.— Mrs. Sally E., wife of Capt. Abel Blake, 
who died July 16, 1803, aged 40 yrs. 

" Death is a debt to nature due, 
Which I have paid, and so must you." 

No. 35. — In memory of Mrs. Elizabeth, wife of 



Mr. Nathan Blake, who died July 19, 1804, aged 83 

" Let me not forgotten lie, 
Lest you forget that you must die." 

No. 36.— Mr. Nathan Blake, died August 4, 1811, 
in the 100th year of his age. 

No. 37.— Ruel C, son of Ruel and Betsey Blake, 
died Feb. 5, 1818, aged 11 mos. and 23 days. 

No. 38. — Mary Ann, daughter of Bufua and Betsey 
Blake, died Oct. 26, 1838, aged 16 yrs. and 4 mos. 

No. 39. — Elizabeth C, daughter of Ruel and Betsey 
Blake, died Nov. 13, 1838, aged 18 yrs. and 1 mo. 

No. 40. — Sarah R., daughter of Ruel and Betsey 
Blake, died March 20, 1834, aged 7 yrs. and 8 mos. 

No. 41. — Stephen A., son of Ruel and Betsey 
Blake, died Oct. 31, 1835, aged 6 yrs. and 10 mos. 

No. 42. — James, son of James and Ruth Buffum, 
died May 27, 1837, aged 6 yrs. and 5 mos. 

No. 43. — Charles, son of James and Ruth Buffum, 
died June 25, 1837, aged 1 yr. and 1 mo. 

No. 44. — Susan, daughter of James and Ruth Buf- 
fum, died March 3, 1840, aged 6 weeks. 

No. 45.— Mary B. Buffum, died Aug., 1869, aged 47 

No. 46. — Ruth Bliss, wife of James Buffum, died 
Nov. 23, 1853, aged 51 years. 

In this old buiying-ground on Washington 
Street have been buried many of our friends 
that we like to keep in remembrance ; and 
amonj; them the name of one who, while in life, 
said the last words at the grave of more of the 
dead lying here than any man now living — the 
Rev. Dr. Z. S. Barstow, who for fifty years was 
the pastor of the old Congregational Church. 
The inscription on his tombstone tells the whole 
story better than I could do it. Also may be 
found the name of Deacon Elijah Carter, one of 
Dr. Barstow's good deacons; also of the Hon. 
Ith'r Chase, the father (I have been told) of the 
late Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase. All, I 
think (that ever knew her), will agree with me 
in saying that the line on the monument of 
Mi>s Eliza Carter Mas strictly true. Although 
she had passed her three-score years and ten, 
" She was always young." The names of Hon. 
Levi Chamberlain, the two Dinsmoors (Samuel 
and Samuel, Jr.), Lieutenant Charles B. Dan- 
iels, who gave his life for his country, Miss 
( latherine Eiske, the founder of Keene Female 
Seminary, and many other names that we have 
known and respected will be found in this 
number. Also the name of Miss Lydie Beals, 

aged one hundred and two years, the oldest in 
this burying-ground. 

No. 47. — Thomas Baker, died July 15, 1806, aged 


" No more my friends, don't mourn for me, 
I'm gone into eternity. 
Make sure of Christ while life remains, 
And death will be eternal gain." 

No. 48. — Sarah Baker, wife of Thomas Baker, died 
April 24, 1807, aged 7.".. 

No. 49.— Benjamin F. Brown, died May 28, 1851, 
aged 43. 

No. 50. — Benjamin F. Brown, adopted son of B. F. 
and C. Brown, died August 7, 1839, aged 4 years. 

No. 51. — Sarah Brown, died January 25, 1843, aged 

No 52. — Dea. Amasa Brown, died March 22, 1843, 
aged 73. 

No. 53. — Lucy ('., daughter of Wm. and Ann W. 
Brown, died March 20, 1844, aged 7 years. 

No. 54. — Ann W. Fiske, wife of William Brown, 
died July 24, 1854, aged 55. 

No. 55. — Eunice Brown, died Aug. 7, 1847, aged 39. 

No. 56. — In memory of Amasa Brown, who died 
April 13, 1847, aged 80 years. 

No. 57. — In memory of Hannah, wife of Amasa 
Brown, who died January 4, 1847, aged 70 years. 

No. 58.— Dea. Lebanon Brown, died July 21, 1846, 
aged 35. 

No. 59. — Polly Brown, died Aug. 7, 1856, aged 64. 

No. 60.— Mrs. Susan Brown, died May 22, 1857, 
aged 61. 

No. 61. — James, son of William and AnnaBlacka- 
dore, died Aug. 15, 1817, aged 2 years and 3 months. 

"Frail as the flower that blossoms but to die." 

No. 62. — Sally Bond, daughter of John G. and 
Sally Bond, who died Sept., 1809, aged 7 months. 

No. 63.— Mrs. Lydie Beals, died Feb. 13, 1815, aged 

No. 64. — Charles Barnhart, died June 7, 1829, aged 

No. 65.— David Barker, died Aug. 7, 1829, aged 33. 

No. 66. — David S. Barker, died at Havana, Cuba, 
.June 24, 1843, aged 21. 

No. 67. — Miss Hannah, daughter of Mr. Aaron 
and Mrs. Sarah Blanchard, died Nov. 25, 1832, in her 
31st year. 

No. 68. — James, son of Nathan and Harriet Bassett, 
died July 1, 1833, aged 8 years and 9 months. 

No. 69.— Samuel Bassett, died Nov. 8, 1834, aged 

No. 70. — Martha, wife of Samuel Bassett, died 
June 19, 1842, aged 86. 

No. 71. — Jemima C, wife of Geo. A. Balch, died 
Sept. 2, 1850, aged 4-"). 

No. 72.— (ieorge W., son of Geo. A. and Jemima 
Balch, died April 13, 1848, aged 15 years 



No. 73— Artemas A. Boyden, died April 30, 1844, 
aged 23. 

No. 74. — Emily C, daughter of John and Celecta 
H. Bowker, born Jan. 12, 1842, died Sept. 26, 1849. 

" Beautiful, lovely, 
She was but given, 
A fair bud on earth 
To bloom in Heaven." 

No. 75. — Ellen C, daughter of John and Celecta 
H. Bowker, born Feb. 9, 1851, died Dec. 30, 1853. 
" So fades the lovely blooming flower." 

No. 76.— Sarah Abbie Bridgmau, died July 12, 
1850, aged 2 years and 7 months. 

No. 77. — Frank, son of Edward and Sarah E. Bow- 
tell, died March 25, 1852, aged 1 year and 4 months. 

No. 78. — George Burrell, died Dec. 24, 1853, aged 

No. 79. — Mary Ann Pitchard, wife of C. A. Brooks, 
died Dec. 4, 1854, aged 33. 

No. 80. — Lovey Ann, wife of Courtney Bingham, 
died April 16, 1871, aged 69. 

" Asleep in Jesus." 

No. 81.— Rev. Zedekiah S. Barstow, D.D., for fifty 
years pastor of the First Congregational Church in 
Keene, ordained July 1, 1818, resigned his pastorate 
July 1, 1868, died March 1, 1873, aged 82 years and 5 

" I have fought a good fight, I have finished my 
course, I have kept the faith ; henceforth there is 
laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the 
Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day.". 

Elizabeth Fay Barstow, for fifty-one years the 
wife of Rev. Z. S. Barstow, died September 15, 1869, 
aged 77 years. 

" She opened her mouth with wisdom and in her 
tongue was the law of kindness. Her children rise 
up and call her blessed, her husband also, and be 
prai-eth her, and let her own words praise her." 

Timothy Dwight, eldest son of Rev. Z. S. and 

Elizabeth F. Barstow, died Dec. 22, 1"820, aged 5 


Elizabeth Whitney, only daughter of Rev. Z. S. 

and Elizabeth F. Barstow, died Jan. 3, 1832, aged 7 

years and 4 months. 

No. 82. — Z. S. B. (marble marker). 

No. 83.— E. F. B. (marble marker). 

No. 84. — James Crossfield, died Feb. 25, 1853, aged 


" Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord." 

No. 85. — Hannah, wife of James Crossfield, died 
May 18, 1809, in the 58th year of her age. 

No. 86. — James Crossfield, died June 21, 1811, in 
the 60th year of of his age. 

No. 87. — Roxana, wife of James Crossfield, died 
May 20, 1856, aged 64. 

"There is rest in Heaven." 

No. 88.— Emily J., daughter of K. and R. G. 
Crossfield, died April 29, 1854, aged 19 years and 6 

No. 89. — Lestina, wife of Samuel Crossfield, died 
April 2, 1857, aged 31. 

No. 90. — Here lies the body of Mrs. Clarinda, wife 
of Mr. Daniel Chapman, and daughter of Mr. Aden 
Holbrook, who died Dec. 6, 1812, aged 29. 

No. 91. — Calvin Chapman, born July 28, 1776, died 
"Aug. 3, 1855. 

No. 92. — Sarah Nims, wife of Calvin Chapman, 
born May 9, 1777, died Feb. 22, 1834. 

No. 93. — Calvin Chapman, Jr., born Jan. 11, 1803, 
died Oct. 26, 1872. 

No. 94.— David W. Chapman, died March 31, 1852, 
aged 45. 

" Tread lightly where thy father sleeps, 
Within his cold and narrow bed, 
For one his bridal vigil keeps, 

Above the wept and sainted dead. 
Tread lightly by his narrow tomb, 
And o'er it plant the gentle flowers, 
In a far brighter land than ours." 

No. 95. — Rebecca, wife of David W. Chapman, 
died Aug. 9, 1856, aged 43. 

No. 96. — George, son of David W. and Rebecca 
Chapman, died March 25, 1838, aged 2. 

No. 97. — Wan-en, son of David W. and Rebecca 
Chapman, died June 17, 1851, aged 12. 

No. 98. — Sophronia S., wife of King B. Chapman, 
died Nov. 18, 1849, aged 29. 

No. 99. — Mary Ann, daughter of King B. and 
Sophronia S. Chapman, died Aug. 4, 1849, aged 4 

No. 100. — Jonathan C. Carpenter, died Sept. 24, 
1815, aged 2 years 8 months and 8 days. 

No. 101.— Mira H. Willard. wife of Caleb Carpen- 
ter, died March 12, 1857, aged 49. 

No. 102.— David W., died Sept. 18, 1832, aged 2 
years and 10 months ; Julia E., died Jan. 23, 1843, 
aged 3 years and 11 months ; children of Caleb and 
Mira H. Carpenter. 

No. 103.— The Hon. Ith'r Chase, died Aug. 8, 1817, 
aged 55. 

" And now, Lord, what is my hope — 
Truly my hope is ever in thee." 

No. 104. — Eliza Carter, born in Dublin March 5, 
1792, died in Keene Dec. 7, 1864. 

"She was always young." 

No. 105. — In memory of Charles Carter, died Oct. 
20, 1817, aged 29. 

" There is rest in Heaven." 
(Masonic emblem.) 

No. 106. — The grave of Dea. Elijah Carter, who 
died Feb. 2, 1835, aged 71 years. 
" Go, happy spirit, seek that blissful land, 
Where ransomed sinners join the glorious band 



Of those who fought for truth, blest spirit, go, 
And perfect all the good begun below." 

No. 107. — Mary, wife of R. Carter, died Nov. 16, 
1839, aged 28. 

No. 108. — Benaiah Cooke, died Aug. 8, 1852, aged 

No. 109.'— Josiah Cooke, died Sept. 11,1834, aged 2 

No. 110.— Mary Eliza Cooke, died Aug. 17, 1837, 
aged 3 years. 

No. 111.— George Cooke, died Feb. 6, 183S, aged 9 

No. 112. — Frederick Cooke, died Aug. 9, 1842, aged 

14 months. 

No. 113.— Mary R. Cooke, died Jan. 7, 1855, aged 

15 years and 10 months. 

No. 114.— Harriet W. Cady, died Oct, 9, 1841, aged 

No. 115. — Rev. Reuben Collins, of the M. E. church, 
died Dec. 24, 1842, aged 32. 

No. 116.— Comfort Conner, died May 14, 1S26, aged 

No. 117. — My husband, John S. Currier, died July 
31, 1844, aged 32. 

No. 118. — Coolidge (granite monument). 

No. 119.— Henry Coolidge, obt. 1843, aged 55. 

No. 120.— Caroline C. Coolidge, obt. 1846, aged 33. 

No. 121. — Lawson Coolidge, obt. 1849, aged 41. 

No. 122.— George H. Coolidge, born Feb. 15, 1811, 
died Jan. 26, 1868. 

No. 123.— Hannah Taylor, wife of Josiah Colony, 
died June 30, 1846, aged 51. 

" The memory of the departed is endeared as a de- 
voted wife, a kind and affectionate parent, a regardful 
neighbor. A calm and serene death followed a quiet 
and contented lite." 

No. 124. — Harry, son of Henry and Mary Colony, 
died Sept. 12, 1855, aged 10 months and 26 days. 

No. 12"). — George R., son of Willard and Priscilla 
Clark, died Aug. 18, 1847, aged 24. 

" No pain nor grief, no anxious fear, 

Invades thy bounds ; no mortal woes 
Can reach the peaceful sleep here, 
While angels watch its soft repose." 

No. 126.— Ebenezer Clark, died Aug. 1, 1848, aged 
77 ; Eunice, Ids wife, died April 14, 1865, aged 87. 

No. L27.— Sands Caswell, died Nov. 10, 1851, aged 

Nd. 128 — Mrs. Nancy Crandell, daughter of Wil- 
liam Esty, died March 2">. 1852, aged 60. 

No. 129. — .Jesse Corbett, died Aug., 1866, aged 

\o. 130.— Betsy Twitchell, wife of David Carter, 
died Jan. 2i». 1853, aged 80. 

No. 131.— Levi Chamberlain, died Aug. 31,1868, 
aged 80 years. 

" How calm he meets the friendly shore 
Who lived adverse to sin '." 

No. 132. — Harriet A. Goodhue, the dearly beloved 

wife of Levi Chamberlain, died June 26, 1868, aged 


" The guileless soul, the calm, sweet trust, 

Shall have a large reward." 

No. 133— Elijah Dunbar, Esq., died May 18, 1847, 
aged 87. 

No. 134. — Mary R., wife of Elijah Dunbar, died 
Nov. 29, 1838, aged 70. 

No. 135. — Polly, daughter of Elijah and Mary 
Dunbar, died May 25, 1795, aged 4 years; Laura 
Elizabeth, daughter of Elijah and Mary Dunbar, 
died Jan 11, 1810, aged three years. 

No. 136.— Mary Ann Dunbar, died June 2, 1820, 
aged 20. 

No. 137.— Mrs. Hannah Dunn, died Oct. 8, 1828, 
aged 84. 

" The sweet remembrance of the just, 
Shall flourish when they sleep in dust." 

No. 138. — Asa Duren, died April 5, 1871, aged 

No. 139. — Maria V. Wood, wife of Asa Duren, 
died May 18, 1854, aged 64. 

No. 140. — Augustus, son of Asa and Maria Duren, 
died Nov. 5, 1829, aged 7 months and 12 days. 

No. 141.— Cynthia Duren, died April 22, 1861, 
aged 61. 

No. 142. — Dinsmoor (marble monument). 

Samuel Dinsmoor, born July 1, 1766, died March 
15, 1835, aged 68; Mary Boyd, wife of Samuel Dins- 
moor, and daughter of Gen. George Reed, of London- 
derry, died June 3, 1834, aged 64; Mary Eliza, 
daughter of Samuel and Mary Boyd Dinsmoor, and 
wife of Robert Means, of Amherst, born Dec. 2, 1800, 
died August 16, 1829, aged 28; Samuel Dinsmoor, Jr., 
born May 8, 17!i7, died Feb. 24, 1869, aged 69; Anna 
Elizabeth, wife of Samuel Dinsmoor, Jr., and daugh- 
ter of Hon. William Jarvis, of Weathersfield, Vt., 
born June 30, 1818, died July 17, 1849, aged 31. 

No. 143. — Samuel Dinsmoor, died March 15,1835, 
aged 68. 

No. 144. — Mary Boyd, wife of Samuel Dinsmoor, 
died June 3, 1834, aged 64. 

No. 14"). — Mary E. Dinsmoor, wife of Robert 
Means, died Aug. 16, 1829, aged 28. 

No. 146. — Samuel Dinsmoor, Jr., died Feb. 24, 
1869, aged 69. 

No. 147. — Anna E. Jarvis, wife of Samuel Dins- 
moor, Jr., died July 17, 1849, aged 31. 

No. 148. — Julie A. Fiske, wife of William Dins- 
moor, died Jan. 4, 1854, aged 39. 

No. 149.— Abiathar Dean, died Oct. 2, 1832, aged 

No. 150.— George C. Dean, died Oct. 2, 1835, aged 

No. 151. — To the memory of Charles B. Daniels, 
born Aug. 30, 1818, graduated at the W. P. Military 
Academy June, 1836, was mortally wounded while 



gallantly leading his company in the assault of the 
enemy's works at Molino Del Rey, Mexico, Sept. 8, 
1847, and died of his wounds in the city of Mexico 
Oct. 27, 1847, aged 31 years. 

"By the purity of his life and fidelity to the de- 
mands of his profession, he adorned it by his valor, 
he fulfilled its sternest demands.'' 

Xo. 152. — To the memory of Jabez W. Daniels, 
born Aug. 1, 1876, died Oct. 7, 1852, aged 82 years. 

" A just man who walked in all the commandment?- 
of the Lord blameless." 

No. 153. — To the memory of Eleanor Daniels 
born May 6, 1773, died June 29, 1863, aged 90 years. 

Xo. 154. — Caroline E. Daniels, daughter of Warren 
and Caroline C. Daniels, died Feb. 25, 1836, aged 8 

X"o. 155. — Davis (granite monument). 

Xo. 156.— Abby Z., daughter of H. and A. T. Da- 
vis, died July 29,1853, aged' 5 months. 

No. 157. — Lucian H., died Dec. 16, 1845, aged 1 
year; Ella A., died Aug. 31, 1849, aged 8 months ; 
children of Henry and Allura Davis. 

Xo. 158. — Allura T., wife of Henry Davis, died 
Sept. 14, 1853, in her 34th year. 

No. 159. — Mary G., wife of John B. Dowsman, died 
Feb. 10, 1838, aged 28 years. 

Xo. 160.— Martha Ann, died Feb. 8, 1838, aged 5 
years 9 months ; Mary Jane, Feb. 17, aged 3 years 3 
months; Chas. Warren, March 11, aged 9 months : 
children of Charles and Ann D. Dwinnell. 
" The fairest, loveliest sons of earth, 
Like charms may fade away ; 
But o'er their memory shed a tear, 
That cannot e'er decay." 

No. 161. — Cyrus Dickey, who died while a member 
of the senior class in Dartmouth College, Sept. 30, 
1840, aged 26. 

-i True excellence ripens but in Heaven." 

No. 162.— Chas. Dunbrack, died March 2, 1844, 
aged 72. A native of Edenburgh, Scotland, and for 
many years a resident of Halifax, N. S. 

Xo. 163. — Catherine, wife of Henry Dowdell, died 
June 19, 1850, aged 35. 

No. 164.— Eliza, wife of Wm. Dort, died Sept. 10, 
1852, aged 25. 

Xo. lti">.— Lucretia Dawes, born in Boston, Mass., 
May 23, 1788, died in Keene, X. H., Oct. 20, 1855. 

" He that believeth in me though he were dead, 
yet shall he live." 

Xo. 166— Mr. Timothy Ellis, who died March 30, 
1814. aged 66. 

Xo. 167.— In memory of Mrs. Beulah Ellis, who 
died May 22. 1822. aged 7:',. 

No. 168.— Joshua Ellis, died Aug. 31, 1838, aged 

No. 169.— Parker Ellis (on pine board). 

No. 170. — George Andrew, son of Geo. L. and 
Susan Ellis, died Sept. 23, 1863, aged 24 years 6 

" Best, dearest sufferer, rest in Jesus' arms." 

Xo. 171. — Paulina Tucker, daughter of Xathaniel 

Evans, died Jan. 25, 1831, aged 4 yr<. 

Xo. 172. — Harriett Wiggen, wife of Xathaniel 

Evans, died July 5. 1835, aged 36. 

Xo. 173. — Harriett K., wife of Xathaniel Evans, 

died June 8, 1842, aged 34. 

" I leave the world without a tear, 
Save for the friends I hold so dear ; 
To heal their sorrows Lord descend, 
And to the friendless prove a friend." 
Xo. 174. — Rebecca A., wife of Geo. W. Enter^n, 
died April 27, 1835, aged 25. 

Xo. 175.— George W. Emerson, died Dec. 28, 1829, 
aged 2 years; George W. Emerson, died Sept. 6, 1830, 
aged 7 months; children of Geo. W. and Rebecca A. 

Xo. 176.— In memory of Mr. Charles Fitch, who 
died Feb. 18, 1800, in his 30th year. 

" It is hard to leave our friends behind, 

And fair earth's bounteous sweets ; 
The place where man is first consigned. 

And where man his dear partner meets ; 
But we must all submit to fate, 

And when our call is pronounced upon, 
We must leave our world and state, 

And go to regions above unknown." 

No. 177.— John Fitch, died June 22, 1848, aged 

No. 178. — Lydia Fitch, wife of John Fitch, died 
May 28, 1870, aged 84. 

No. 179. — In memory of Caroline, daughter of Mr. 
Waltrous and Mrs. Mary Fairchild, who died Dec. 10, 
1819, aged 11 years. 

Xo. 180.— Mrs. Mary, wife of Mr. Phinehas Fiske, 
deceased July 11, 1821, aged 31. 

Xo. 181. — Catherine Fiske, founder and principal 
of the Female Seminary in Keene, X'. H, for 38 
years a teacher of youth, died May 20, 1837, aged 53. 

" Reader, whoe'er thou art, do justly, love mercy, 
and walk humbly with thy God." 

Azuba Morse, the mother of Catherine Fiske, died 
Nov. 9, 1837, aged 72. 

Xo. 182. — David Oilman Forbes, who died Feb. 5, 
1822, aged 21. 

" In bloom of youth behold he dies." 
No. 183.— John Foster, did! Feb. 7, 1854, aged 57; 
Sophia, wife of John Foster, died April 20, 1832, 
aged 36. 

Xo. 184. — William, son of Joseph and Mary Fos- 
ter, died March 15, 1833, aged 8. 

" So fades the lovely flower 

Ere half its charms are shed ; 



Cut down in an untimely hour 
And numbered with the dead." 

No. 185. — Harriett P., daughter of the Rev. S. 
Farnsworth, late of Hillsborough, died March 22, 
1841, aged 6 years. 

No. 186. — Frost (granite monument). 

No. 187. — Amanda Frost, died 1845, aged 28. 

No. 188.— Julia S. Frost, died 1844, aged 17 

No. 189. — My husband, Harlow Frost, died Nov. 
25, L865, aged 49. 

No. 190.— Our Willie, Willie H. Frost, son of Har- 
low and Eliza W. Frost, died March 28, 1843, aged 2 
years 5 months. 

No. 191. — Roxana Allen, wife of Jason French, 
died Nov. 5, 1852, aged 35. 

No. 192. — Abigail Wood, widow of Eleazer Furber, 
died July 15, 1853, aged 55. 

No. 193. — Jehoshiphat Grout, who departed this 
life Sept. 26, 1806, aged 53. 

No. 104. — This monument is erected to the memory 
of Mrs. Anna, wife of Mr. J. Grout, who departed 
this life Aug. 9, 1810, aged 57. 

No. 195. — James Gibson, died April 26, 1846, aged 


" Not lost, but gone before." 

No. 196.— Eliza K , wife of Caleb S. Graves, died 
March 18, 1845, aged 35. 

"Jesus can make a dyinsj bed 

Feel soft as downy pillows are, 
While on his breast I lean my head 
And breath my life out sweetly there." 

No. 197. — John B., son of A. C. and L. Greeley, 
born March 9, 1848, died March 10, 1849. 

No. 198. — George W. B., son of A. C. and L. Gree- 
ley, born Aug. 9, 1852, died Aug. 7, 1853. 

No. 199. — Oscar S., son of Edward S. and Man- 
Greenwood, died July 17, 1850, aged 2. 

" Dearest babe, thy days are ended, 
All thy sufferings now are o'er, 
No more by our care befriended, 
Thou art happy evermore." 

No. 200. — Sibyl, wile of Benjamin Good, died Jan. 
13, 1854, aged 25 years. 

"Yea, though I walk through the valley of the 
shadow of death, I will fear no evil. For thou art 
with me. Thy rod and thy stall' tiny com fort me." 

No. 201. — Reuben I'.., son of Benjamin and Sibyl 
Good, died December 26, 1850, aged 2 years and 10 

No. 202. — Edwin, son of Benjamin and Sibyl Good, 
died Jan. 27, 1851, aged 4 years and 1 month. 

No. 203.— Cornelius C. Hall, died Nov. 25, 1815, 
aged 39; Fanny Hall, daughter of Cornelius and 
Elizabeth Hall, died Dec. 21, 1806, aged 3 years. 

No. 204.— Ednie G, daughter of Henry C. and 

Ellen F. Hall, died Oct. 12, 1846, aged 4 months 6 

" Sleep on, sweet babe, 

And take thy rest, 
God called thee home, 
And he thought best." 

No. 205.— H. M. (granite stone). 
No. 206.— Major Davis Howlet, died Feb. 23, 1817, 
aged 79. 

No. 207. — In memory of Mrs. Mary, wife of Major 
Davis Howlet, who died April 1, 1826, aged 85. 

No. 208. — Davis, son of Davis Howlet, died June 
21, 1700, aged 70. 

No. 200.— Mr. Davis Howlet, died Aug. 25, 1824, 
aged 50. 

No. 210.— Mr. William Heaton, who died Dec. 29, 
1822, aged 33. 

No. 211. — Mary Eliza, daughter of Oliver and 
Louisa Heaton, died June 20, 1837, aged 4 years 6 

No. 212. — Louisa S., wife of Oliver Heaton, died 
Dec. 23, 1843, aged 45. 

No. 213. — This monument erected to the memory 
of Miss Mary Holbrook, eldest daughter of Mr. Elihu 
and Mrs. Mary Holbrook, who died March 27, 1806, 
aged 14 years. 

" Stay, thoughtful mourner, hither led 
To weep and mingle with the dead; 
Pity the maid who slumbers here, 
And pay the tributary tear. 
Thy feet must wander far to find 
A fairer form, a lovelier mind, 
An eye that beams a sweeter smile, 
A bosom more estranged from guile, 
A heart with kinder passions warm, 
A life with fewer stains deformed, 
A death with deeper sighs confess'd 
A memory more beloved and bless'd." 

Here will be found many old, familiar names; 
among them, that of Betsey Nurss Leonard, 
who was born only two years later than the 
organization of the town of Iveene, 1 755, and 
lived to be more than one hundred years old. 
I remember her as a very pleasant old lady. 
.Mrs. Houghton, her daughter, is still living on 
Court Street. Mrs. Leonard on her one hun- 
dredth anniversary received her friends. Elijah 
Knight, Esq., kept the old tavern now owned 
by Miss Kate Tyler, on Court Street. When I 
was a boy he died in the Fuller house, on 
Washington Street. Stephen Harrington and his 
son, Asaph, both were model hotel-keepers, and 
known everywhere. Stephen Harrington was 
born in Lexington, Mass., only six months after 
tin' battle, in 1 77o. Major George Ingersoll, 



who was born in 1754, and who was twenty- 
one years old when the Declaration of Indepen- 
dence was declared ; Rev. George G. Ingersoll, 
D.D., whom to know was to love and respect ; 
also the name of Daniel Hough, whom I re- 
member as a merchant in Keene, whose store 
was just south of the Eagle Hotel, now a part 
of the hotel ; also the name of Luther L. Hol- 
brook, my old friend and shop-mate, and a long 
list of names that we like to remember. 

No. 214. — L. L. Holbrook, died at Keeseville, N.Y., 
Oct. 20, 1844, aged 29. Francis A. wife of L. L. 
Holbrook, and daughter of Abijah Wilder, died Nov. 
10, 1851, aged 35 years. 

" There is rest in Heaven." 

No. 215. — Betsey, daughter of Rufus and Dorothy 
Houghton, died Oct. 26, 1809, aged 2 years 8 months 
and 3 days. 

" See the dear youth just enter life, 
Bud forth like a flower in May ; 
Stay long enough to seal our hearts, 
Then smile and die away." 

No. 216. — In memory of Dr. Dan Hough, who de- 
parted this life Feb. 26, 1828, aged 49. 

No. 217. — Louisa Ellis, wife of Luther Howe, died 
March 21, 1835, aged 54. 

No. 218.— Louisa Howe, died Sept. 21, 1854, aged 


No. 219. — Mary A., wife of Sylvester Haskell, died 
April 14, 1835, aged 33. 

No. 220. — Charles C, only son of Charles and 
Isabell Hirsch, died Aug. 29, 1842, aged 16 months 
11 days. 

" Rest, sweet babe, thy days are ended, 
Quick thy passage to the tomb ; 
Gone, by angel bands attended, 
To thy everlasting home." 

No. 221. — Stephen Harrington, born in Lexington, 
Mass., Nov. 22, 1775, died Oct. 25, 1847. 

No. 222. — Mary Prescott, wife of Stephen Harring- 
ton, died Aug. 16, 1862, aged 80. 

No. 223.— Asaph Harrington, died May 26, 1867, 
aged 57. 

No. 224.— Alfred Hebard, obt. July 12, 1848, aged 

No. 225. — Rufus, son of Josiah and Sophronia 
Hayden, died Dec. 25, 1853, aged 5 years 9 months. 

No. 226.— John Hoar, died June 24, 1846, aged 

No. 227.— Mary Ann, wife of John Hoar, died 
July 16, 1846, aged 30. 

No. 228,— John E., died Sept. 15, 1840, aged 4 
months; Albert A., died June 30, 1845, aged 5 weeks; 
children of John and Mary Ann Hoar. 

No. 229.— Daphne Hoar, born Feb. 25, 1811, died 
Jan. 31, 1873. 

No. 230.— Jason Hodgkins, died July 24, 1856, 
aged 30. 

No. 231. — Harriet M., wife of Jason Hodgkins, 
died May 2, 1854, aged 23. 

" She died and left me 
This spot, this calm and quiet scene, 
And those who saw her smile in death 
No more may fear to die." 

No. 232.— Lovina Holman, died Nov. 17, 1856, 
aged 27. 

No. 233. — Sacred to the memory of Caroline H. 
Ingersoll, who was born at West Point, N. Y., Dec. 
5, 1797, died at Cambridge, Mass., Dec. 12, 1812, aged 
15 ; also, Mary Ingersoll Adams, wife of Charles 
Adams, Esq., who was born at West Point, N. Y., 
May 5, 1799, died at Burlington, Vt., May 4, 1832, 
aged 33; both daughters of George and Martha 

"Strangers and pilgrims here, our home is in 

No. 234. — Martha Goldthwait Ingersoll, widow of 
Major George Ingersoll, born in Boston, Mass., July 
7th, 1764, died in Burlington, Vt., April 24th, 1839, 
aged 74 years. 

No. 235. — The remains of Major George Ingersoll, 
late of the United States Army ; born at Boston, 
Mass., April 2d, 1754, died at Keene July 16th, 1805, 
aged 51 years. 

" In that high world which follows this 
May each repeat in words of bliss — 
We're all, all here." 

No. 236. — Ingersoll (marble monument). Rev. 
George Goldthwait Ingersoll, D.D., son of Major 
George and Martha G. Ingersoll, born in Boston, 
Mass., July 4, 1796, died in Keene, N. H., Sept. 16, 

" Hope which entereth within the vail." 

Allen Parkhurst, son of Rev. Geo. G. and Harriet 
P. Ingersoll, born Nov. 10, 1823, in Burlington, Vt., 
died Sept. 8, 1859, in Keene, N. H. 

No. 237. — George and Harriet (marker). 

No. 238. — George P. Ingersoll (marker). 

No. 239.— Allen P. Ingersoll (marker). 

No. 240.— Joseph Ingalls, died Oct. 12, 1858, aged 

No. 241. — Mrs. Lucy Ingalls, wife of Joseph In- 
galls, died Oct. 12, 1822, aged 49. 

No. 242. — Anna L., wife of Joseph Ingalls, died 
July 24, 1850, aged 58. 

No. 243. — John, son of Joseph and Anna Ingalls, 
died Dec. 29, 1851, aged 18. 

No. 244. — In memory of John, son of Moses John- 
son, who died April 22, 1795, aged 7. 

No. 245. — Mary A., daughter of Charles and Harriet 
G. Jones, died Oct. 6, 1839, aged 15 mouths. 



No. 246. — Josepheus H., daughter of Sylvester 
and Elizabeth Jones, died June 14, 1839, aged 13 

No. 247. — Harriet E., daughter of Sylvester and 
Elizabeth Jones, died March 6, 1840, aged 3 years. 

No. 248.— Widow Abial Keyes, who died Aug. 19, 
1807, aged 78 years. 

No. 249.— Zebadiah Keyes, died Sept, 16, 1859, 
aged 83. 

No. 250. — Sybel, wife of Zebadiah Keyes, died 
March 15, 1851, aged 70. 

No. 251. — Fanny, daughter of Mr. Zebadiah and 
Mrs. Sybel Keyes, died Aug. 19, 1812, aged 2 years 
and 7 months. 

No. 252. — Sally Ann, daughter of Zebadiah and 
Sybel Keyes, died Aug. 20, 1833, aged 19 years and 7 

No. 253. — Mary Ellen, daughter of Charles and 
Elizabeth Keyes, died April 13, 1852, aged 5 years 
and 10 months. 

No. 254. — Ezra Kilburn, died March 27, 1853, aged 

No. 255. — Leverett, son of Edmund and Julia 
Kimball, died dune 7, 1826, aged 18 months. 

" With anxious care each art was tried 
The lovely flower to save, 
But all in vain — the shaft of death 
Consigned it to the grave." 

No. 266. — Children of Charles and Ruby O. Kings- 
bury. Charles Edward, died Aug. 28, 1838, aged 15 

No. 257.— Stella Maria, Sept. 19, 1843, aged 14 

No. 258.— Charles Edward, died March 29, 1849, 
aged 5 days. 

No. 259.— Stella Maria, died Oct. 1, 1853, aged 8 

No. 260.— Cyrus Kingsbury, died June 30, 1863, 
aged 65. 

No. 261. — Rachel, wife of Cyrus Kingsbury, died 
March 26, L843, aged 38; John S., their son, died 
March It',, 1843, aged 8 months. 

No. 262. -Sarah, daughter of C. and It. Kingsbury, 
died Aug. 12, 1849, aged 9 years. 

No. 263.— Elijah Knight, Esq., died 1842, aged 

No. 264.— Martha Knight, died 1847, aged 73 

No. 265.— John McKoy, died May 20, 1842, aged 
43 years. 

No. 2oii.— Here are the remains of James Lanman, 
who di.d the 22d day of. June, A.i). 1809, aged 60 
years, formerly deacon of the church in Brattle Street, 

"Faithful to his family, to his friends and to the 
church of God. The sweet remembrance of the just 
shall flourish while they sleep in dust." 

No. 267. — Miss Hannah Lanman, born in Cam- 
bridge, Mass., Jan. 3, 1750, died Jan. 16, 1837, aged 

No. 268. — Sacred to the memory of Susan Dawes 
Lanman, wife of Daniel Gilbert, of Boston, and only 
child of James and Susanna Lanman, who died Aug. 
5, 1851, aged 25. 

" Blessed are the pure in spirit." 

No. 269. — Mrs. Lydia Lebourveau, died April 6, 

1846, aged 83. 

No. 270. — In memory of Emily, daughter of Mr. 
George W. and Mrs. Betsey Lebourveau, who died 
Oct. 26, 1822, aged 16 months. 

" Sleep on, sweet babe, 
And rest secure; 
Thy body's safe, 
Thy soul's sure." 

No. 271. — George W. Lebourveau, died June 25, 
1828, aged 40 years. 

No. 272.— Capt. John Leonard, died April 27, 1829, 
aged 76. 

No. 273.— Betsey Nurss Leonard,' wife of Capt. 
John Leonard, born April 27, 1755, died Dec. 7, 
1855, aged 100 years 7 months and 10 days. 

No. 274. — Rowland Sumner Leonard, son of Joseph 
B. and Ruth H. Leonard, born Aug. 31, 1840, died 
May 25, 1841, aged 8 months and 25 days. 

" Shed not for him the bitter tear, 
Nor sorrow with a vain regret; 
'Tis but the casket which lies here, 
The gem in Heaven is sparkling yet." 

No. 275. — Lawrence Leonard, died Sept. 15, 1843, 
aged 40. 

No. 276.— Mary, daughter of John and Hannah 
Lawrence, died April 19, 1843, aged 7. 

No. 277.— Alvin Lawrence, died Dec. 19, 1849, 
aged 25 years. 

No. 278. — In memory of Thaddeus MacCarty, Esq., 
who died Nov. 21, a.d. 1802, aged 55 years. 

No. 279. — In memory of William, son of Doctor 
Thaddeus and Mrs. Experience MacCarty, who died 
Feb. 4, 1797, aged 13 years. 

No. 280. — Martha, wife of Benjamin Mann, Esq., 
died May 17, 1808, aged 65. 

No. 281.— Charlotte Mundell, died Nov. 15,1828, 
aged 18. 

No. 282.— This marble was erected by Mr. Gilbert 
Mellen to preserve from oblivion the memory of his 
affectionate consort, Mrs. Mary Mellen, who died 
April 26, 1814, aged 42. 

" Interred within this silent grave she lies. 
Mouldering dust obscured from human eyes, 
Her soul has sweetly fled to realms above 
Where vice and woe are not, but all is love." 

1 This lady rode from Kecne to Boston and back in the 
cars after she was one hundred years old. How many 
women of the present 'lay will do it '.' 



No. 283.— Cyrus Mulliken, died Dec. 31, 1840, 

aged 44. 

No. 284.— Mary, wife of Cyrus Mulliken, died 
April 16, 1845, aged 39. 

No. 285.— Harriett Mulliken, born Aug. 26, 1828, 
died March 22, 1867, aged 38. 

" This is but the mortal part." 

No. 286.— Alexander Milliken, died May 14, 1854, 
aged 74. 

No. 287. — Martha, wife of Abijah Metcalf, died 
May 11, 1838, aged 40. 

No. 288.— Capt. Henry N. Metcalf. 

" 'Tis sweet to die for one's country. 
Henry N. Metcalf, Co. F, N. H. Vols., killed at 
Gettysburg July 2, 1863, aged 30. 

No. 289.— Martha Wood, daughter of Abijah and 
Martha Metcalf, died Aug. 20, 1865, aged 27. 

No. 290. — Rebecca, wife of M. Metcalf and mother 
of Josiah and Eebecca Capen, died May 16, 1851, 
aged 88. 

No. 291. — In memory of Elizabeth W. May, who 
died June 16, 1835, aged 15 years. 

" Happy soul, thy days are ended, 
All thy mourning days below ; 
Go, by angel guards attended, 
To the sight of Jesus, go." 

No. 292. — Salome, wife of Silas May, died April 22, 
1845, aged 27. 

No. 293. — Harriett C, daughter of Wm. and Al- 
mira Marsh, died March 10, 1837, aged 3 years and 3 

jj 294.— George Marsh, 1 died Feb. 14, 1851, aged 


No. 295. — Mary E., wife of George Marsh, died 
May 20, 1859, aged 41. 

No. 296.— Charles H., son of G. and M. E. Marsh, 
died April 9, 1841, aged 15 months. 

No. 297.— Sophia Munn, died Oct. 3, 1842, aged 5 
months ; Emeline Munn, died Nov. 24, 1843, aged 4 
months and 11 days; children of John D. -and Eliza- 
beth Munn. 

No. 298. — Geneve S., daughter of Abel H. and 
Mary S. Miller, died Aug. 26, 1845, aged 13 months 
and 10 days. 

No. 299. — Mary J., daughter of Isaac and Sarah 
Ann Mason, died Sept. 2, 1845, aged 9 months and 16 

No. 300. — Francis M., son of Isaac and Sarah Ann 
Mason, died July 15, 1848, aged 7 years 10 months 
and 7 days. 

No. 301. — Harriet A., daughter of John and Ma- 
tilda W. Mason, died Dec 16, 1853, aged 12 years and 
2 months. 

i George Marsh was killed on the Cheshire Railroad by 
being crushed between a car and a platform of a freight 
depot in Keene. 

" Too soon thou art gone, thou loved one, 
And left thy dearest friends to mourn." 

No. 302.— John W., son of John and Matilda W. 
Mason, died May 6, 1855, aged 18 yrs. 

No. 303. — Sabra, wife of Jonathan Mansfield, died 
Dec. 1, 1849, aged 58. 

" Dear friends, weep not for me, 
I'm free from pain and care ; 
The Lord has called me hence, 
And I his blessings share." 

No. 304. — Jonathan E., son of Laton and Lydia 
Martin, died March 14, 1849, aged 14 months. 

" Thou destroyeth the hope of man." 

No. 305. — Here lies the body of George Newcomb, 
son of Daniel Newcomb, Esq., and Sarah, his wife. 
He was born Oct. 16, 1783, admitted a member of 
Dartmouth College Aug. 28th, 1792, and drowned in 
Ashuelot River June 10th, 1796. 

" Cropped like a rose before 'tis fully blown, 
Or half its worth disclosed. 
Fate gave the word, the cruel order sped, 
And George lies numbered with the dead." 

No. 306. — Daniel Newcomb, M.D., was born April 
2d, 1785, and died May 13, 1809. 

" He healed others — himself he could not heal." 

No. 307. — Here lies the body of Mrs. Sarah New- 
comb, wife of Daniel Newcomb, Esq., and daughter 
of the Rev. David Stearns, of Lunenburg. She was 
born April 25th, 1758, and died Nov. 13th, 1796, in 
the 39th year of her age. 

" How loved, how valued once, avails thee not, 
To whom related or by whom begot, 
A heap of dust alone remains of thee, 
'Tis all thou art, and what we all must be." 

No. 308. — Daniel Newcomb was born at Norton, 
Mass., 1746 ; was graduated at Harvard College 1768 ; 
settled at Keene as attorn ey-at-law 1778 ; was chief 
justice of the county court and senator in the State 
legislature ; died at Keene July 14, 1818, aged 72. 

" He neither sought nor declined honours." 

No. 309. — Here lies the body of Seth Newcomb, 
who was born Oct. 20, a.d. 1786, died Oct. 31st, 1811, 
aged 25 years, whose life, though short, was active ; 
too much devoted, however, to the world, and too 
little to his Maker ; and not till the chastening hand 
of providence was in mercy extended to him did he 
duly estimate the importance of faithfully examin- 
ing the evidence of Christianity ; but severe and long- 
continued sickness induced reflection and inquiry, 
and the result was regret that his conduct had been so 
long influenced by worldly views, and full conviction 
of the truth of our holy religion ; and he died, as he 
believed, a humble and penitent sinner, resting his 
hopes of pardon and salvation on the merits of his 



Nn. 310. — Hannah Newcomb was horn at Boston, 
Mass., 17(39, died at KeeneSept. 2, 18-3 J, aged 82 years. 
"Her children arise and call her blessed." 

No. 311.— Everett Newcomb, died Sept. 10, 1837, 
aged 50 years. 

No. 312.— Sarah R. Newcomb, died June 19, 1873, 
aged 81. 

No. 313 — Hannah Xewcomb, died June 7, 1870, 
aged 4(1. 

Nn. 314. — Phinehas Nurse (granite monument). 

No. 315. — Miss Susan Nurse, died Nov. 8, 1843, 
aged 26. 

No. 316.— Sibyl Norton, died July 3, 1822, aged 19 

No. 317.— James K.Norton, died Feb. 4, 1823, aged 
6 months. 

No. 318.— James H. Norton, died July 3, 1826, aged 
6 months. 

No. 319.— Drusilla S. Norton, died Nov. 2, 1832, 
aged 5 years and 6 months. 

No. 320.— Horace J. Norton, died Nov. 30, 1832, 
aged 2 years and 8 months. 

No. 321.— John L. Norton, died Feb. 18, 1847, 
aged 12 years. 

No. 322.— Roswell Nims, died April 24, 1855, aged 

No. 323.— Sally, wife of Roswell Nims, died Oct. 
24, 1857, aged 68. 

No. 324.— Roswell Nims, Jr., died Sept. 25, 1838, 
aged 25. 

No. 325. — In memory of Mr. David Nims, who 
died July 21, 1803 (age is not plain). 

No. 326. — In memory of Mrs. Abigail Nims, wife 
of Mr. David Nims. She died July 13, 1799, aged 
80 years. 

No. 327. — In memory of Capt. Alpheus Nims, who 
died June 8, 1804, aged 49 years. Also, George, died 
Oct. 8, 1796, aged 6 years ; Nabby, died Aug. 9, 1794, 
aged 15 months; Kliakin, died Sept. 5, 1796, aged It; 
months; Josiah Richardson, died March 16, 1801, 
aged 7 months ; Alpheus, died March 8, 1802, aged 2 
days ; children of Capt. A. Nims. 

No. 328. — Abigail, wile of Alpheus Nims, died 
April 9, 1816, in her 49th year. 

No. 329. — Erected in memory of George, son of 
Alpheus and Abigail Nims. Be died at Getersburg, 
Virginia, Dec. 31, 1818, aged 20 years and 6 months. 

No. 330.— Esther Newell, died Sept, 14, 1867, aged 

" Dear mother, gone to rest." 

No. 331.— John Newell, died Sept. 25, 1850, aged 

" A husband dear, a lather kind, 

Has gone and left his friends behind ; 
Has gone, we trust, to realms of light, 
Where all Christ's followers will unite." 

No. 332.— Charles William, an in taut, died July 21, 
1841; Sarah Ann, died Nov. 19, 1853, aged 9 years 

and 3 months ; children of Wm. A. and Susan D. 

" Peace to their ashes, may they sleep 
In arms of heavenly love, 
And when our pilgrimage is o'er, 
We hope to meet again." 

No. 333.— Freddy, died Jan. 12, 1856, aged 8 
months; Carrie J., died Jan. 10, 1857; children of 
Chester and Caroline Nichols. 

" Sleep on, sweet babes, and take thy rest, 
God early called, for He knew best." 

No. 334. — Mr. Thomas Ocington, who departed 
this life Oct. 3, 1814, in the 21st year of his age. 

" Happy the soul that does in Heaven rest, 
Who with his Saviour he is ever blest ; 
With heavenly joys and raptures is possessed, 
No thought but his God inspires his breast." 

No. 335.— Samuel Osgood, died July 11, 1828, aged 

No. 336.— John Osgood, died April 7, 1828, aged 

No. 337.— Ellen, daughter of Thomas and Char- 
lotte C. Grady, died June 29, 1858, aged 11 months 
and 25 days. 

" Thy home is Heaven." 

No. 338. — To preserve from oblivion the memory of 
William M., son of Mr. William and Mrs. Abigail 
Pierce, who died Feb. 8, 1812, aged 1 year. 

" Sweet babe, a dying father wept for thee, 
Its mother kind mourned the sad decree; 
To Jesus this little child is gone, 
For of such is the kingdom of Heaven." 

No. 339. — Sacred to the memory of Mr. William 
Pierce, who departed this life March 8, 1812, aged 43. 

" Not prudence can defend, nor virtue save 
Our dying bodies from the silent grave; 
Tho' mouldering in the dust this friend must lie, 
His soul immortal can never, never die." 
No. 340.— Mrs. Abigail, wife of Mr. William Pierce, 

born Oct. 28, 1775, died Feb. 2, 1818, aged 42. 
" Dust thou art and unto dust thou shalt return." 

No. 341. — His own epitaph. 

Here lie the mortal remains of John Prentiss, born 
in Heading, Mass., March 21, 1778. He established 
the New Hampshire Sentinel in 1799, and conducted it 
principally 49 years. Died June 6, 1873, aged 95. 

" He lived — he died — Behold the sum, 
The abstract of the historian's page!" 
No. 342. — Here rest the remains of Diantha A., 
wife of John Prentiss. She died March 1, 1856, aged 

" She has gone to the day -break, 
Where the shadows flee away." — Sol. Song. 

No. 343. — In memory of Pamelia Mellen, third 
daughter of John and Diantha Prentiss, who died 
Oct. 9, 1820, aged 13 years and 4 months. 



" Tell those who sigh 
O'er some dear friend's untimely doom 

That all must die ; 
She whom they saw laid in the tomb, 
In God's own paradise may bloom." 

No. 344. — In memory of Ellen Sophia, fourth 
daughter of John and Diantha Prentiss, who died 
Dec. 28, 1825, aged 14 years and 8 months. 

" Dust to its narrow home beneath, 
Soul to its place on high ; 
They that have seen thy look in death, 
No more may fear to die." 

No. 345. — Edmund S., son of John and Diantha 
Prentiss, died May 23, 1846, aged 26. 

No. 346.— Sacred to the memory of George A. 
Prentiss, commodore United States Navy, son oi 
John and Diantha Prentiss, who died April 8, 1868, 
aged 59. 

" His hands are folded on his breast, 
The long disquiet merged in rest, 
How sink the brave who sink to rest, 
By all their country's wishes blest." 

No. 347.— Geo. W. Prentiss, of New York, died 
Feb. 28, 1829, aged 37. 

No. 348.— Charles P. Perkins, died Dec. 4, 1850, 
aged 46. 

No. 349.— Mary P. Perkins, died Aug. 14, 1853, 
aged 49. 

No. 350.— Mary L., daughter of Charles P. and 
Mary F. Perkins, died Sept. 5, 1832, aged 2. 

No. 351. — Charles Henry, son of Charles P. and 
Mary F. Perkins, died June 1, 1838, aged 5. 

No. 352.— Ferdinand Preckle, died Nov. 19, 1833, 
aged 39. 

No. 353.— Ann C. Parsons, died Feb. 10, 1833, 
aged 21. 

" She was amiable, unassuming, conscientious, and 
faithful in the discharge of duty. The grave of the 
young, whose health and vigor jjromised many com- 
ing years, teaches the living the importance of a con- 
stant trust in God, thus to be prepared for affliction, 
disease and death. 

No. 354.— James Parker, died April 27, 1862, aged 

No. 355. — Martha, wife of James Parker, died July 
28, 1850, aged 64. 

No. 356. — Sarah E., daughter of James and Martha 
Parker, died Dec. 14, 1838, aged 17. 

" Dearest sister thou hast left us, 
And thy loss Ave deeply feel ; 
But 'tis God that has bereft us ; 
He can all our sorrows heal." 

No. 357.— Jonathan Parker, died Aug. 28, A. i>. 
1817, in the 56th year of his age. 

No. 358. — Hepsibeth, wife of Jonathan Parker, died 
Nov. 21, 1848, aged 84. 

No. 359.— Esther P., wife of L. B. Page, died Feb. 
27, 1870, aged 70. 

No. 360.— Alden L., son ofL. B. and E. P. Page, of 
Co. C, 2d Peg. Maine Vols., died July 4, 1862, aged 

No. 361.— Esther L., daughter of L. B. and E. P 
Page, died May 5, 1841, aged 7 years. 

No. 362.— Roxanna Plantain, 1 died June 26, 1843, 
aged 46. 

No. 363. — Putnam (granite monument). 

No. 364. — Edward Poole, a native of Danvers, Mass., 
died May 7, 1847, aged 34. 

No. 365.— Helen Poole, died Nov. 17, 1846, aged 22 

No. 366. — Hannah Iv. Perham, wife of Geo. W. 
Perhain, died at Nashville, N. H., Oct. 8, 1849, aged 

No. 367. — Relief, wife of Samuel Payson, died July 
13, 1857, aged 79. 

" In that bright world which follows this, 
May each repeat in words of bliss, 
We're all, all here." 

No. 368. — Ella F., daughter of James H. andSusan 
Payson, died May 1, 1855, aged 2 years and 4 months. 

" Safe in Heaven, and so soon." 

No. 369.— Hulda Pond, born Aug. 7, 1777, died 
March 23, 1864. 

No. 370.— Mrs. Sarah McNiel, wife of David Rich- 
ardson, died April 2d, 1814, aged 24. 

No. 371. — Hon. Josiah Richardson, died Feb. 20, 
1820, aged 74. 

No. 372. — Artemas Richardson, died Nov. 4, 1845, 
aged 51. 

No. 373.— Charles Richardson, died Jan. 20, 1848, 
aged 16. 

No. 374.— Martha M. Richardson, died April 6, 
1863, aged 26. 

No. 375. — Alexander Rolston, a native of Falkirk, 
lied March 29, 1810, aged 64. 

"In mv'distress I called my God, 

When I could scarce believe him mine ; 
He bowed his ear to my complaint, 
Then did his grace appear divine." 

No. 376. — Jannett, wife of Alexander Rolston, a 
native of Falkirk, Scotland, died June 11, 1833, aged 

No. 377.— Levi Russell, died Sept. 21, 1831, aged 

Eliza Emeline Russell died Nov. 16, 1832, aged 5 
years and 9 months ; Mary F. W. died Jan. 29, 1832, 
aged 7 months; daughters of Levi and Elizabeth 

No. 378. — Rebecca A. Martin, wife of Jeduthun 
Russell, died Feb. 17, 1863, aged 74. 

1 She was colored and once a, slave. 



No. 379.— Jonathan Rand, died Feb. 11, 1838, aged 

No. 380. — Anna, wife of Jonathan Rand, died July 
26, 1858, aged 85. 

No. 381.— William Rand, died Dec. 23, 1837, aged 

No. 382. — Emily A., daughter of Isaac and Julia 
A. Rand, died Feb. 22, 1847, aged 6 months. 

No. 383. — Harriet Louisa, daughter of Isaac and 
Julia A. Rand, died June 8, 1857, aged 13 years. 

No. 384. — Betsey H., wife of Elisha Rand, died 
April 7, 1851, aged 50. 

No. 385. — Lydia G., wife of Elisha Rand, died 
Sept. 21, 1855, aged 46. 

No. 386. — Ezra Rider, born in Dublin, died Aug. 
11, 1850, aged 64. 

" Even so those who sleep in Jesus will God bring 
with him at his coming." 

No. 387. — Isaac Redington, died Sept. 5, 1854, 
aged 83. 

No. 388.— Mercy D. Redington, died Jan. 29, 1860, 
aged 85. 

No. 389. — In memory of Jeremiah Stiles, Esq., 
who died December 6, a.d. 1800, aged 56 years. 

No. 390. — Erected in memory of Mrs. Mary, relict 
of Jeremiah Stiles, Esq., who died March 22, a.d. 
1810, in the 29th year of her age. 

No. 391. — Death loves a lofty mark. 

Here lies the body of Peleg Sprague, Esq. He 
was born in Rochester, Mass., Dec. 10, 1756. Gradu- 
ated at Dartmouth College in the year 1787, was 
chosen a member of Congress in the year 1797, and 
died April 20, 1800, in the 44th year of his age. 

" What tho' we wade in wealth or soar in fame, 
Earth's highest station ends in here he lies, 
And dust to dust concludes her noblest song." 

No. 392. — To the memory of David, son of Peleg 
Sprague, Esq., and Mrs. Rosalinda, his wife, born 
Nov. 12, 1796, and died May 15, 17«>7. 

No. 393.— Aimer Sanger, died Oct. 1, 1822, aged 

No. 394. — Rhoda Sanger, died June 28, 1811, aged 

No. 395. — Sarah Fisher, widow of Cornelius Stur- 
tevant. Jr., died at Piketon, Ohio, Aug. 2, L821, aged 
50. Henry, their son, died at Hudson, N. Y., Sept. 
6, 1812, aged 17. 

No. 396.— Sarah, died Dec. 15, 1832, aged 29; 
Maria, died Feh. 24, 1804, aged 6 years ; daughters 
of ( 'orneliua Sturtevant. 

No. 397. — Isaac Sturtevant, died duly 1, 1*6."., aged 
62. Caroline Maria, died Oct. 12,1849, aged !> years; 
Anna, died Aug. 19, 1847, aged 3 months; daughters 
of I. and L. E. Sturtevant. 

"Suffer little children to come to me." 

No. 398.— Milo Stone, who died July 16, 1834, 
aged 33. 

No. 399. — Charles Adams, son of Milo and Eunice 
E. Stone, died June 29, 1834, aged 7 months. 

No. 400. — John Snow, died Dec. 18, 1845, aged 

No. 401. — Sally, widow of John Snow, died May 6, 
1856, aged 79. 

No. 402. — Esther, daughter of John and Esther 
Snow, died Jan. 8, 1836, aged 31 ; Cyntha, daughter 
of John and Esther Snow, died April 3, 1840, aged 

No. 403.— Lucretia M., only child of George M. 
and Olivia I. Snow, died dune 3, L844, aged 3 years 
and 11 months. 

No. 404. — Gustavus A., son of John and Jerusha 
Snow, died July 9, 1839, aged 9 months and 8 days. 

No. 405.— Luther Smith, died Oct. 21, 1839, aged 

" Be ye also ready, for in such an hour as ye think 
not the Son of Man cometh." ' 

No. 406. — Sarah, wife of Luther Smith, died June 
7, 1858, aged 90. 

No. 407.— Rosina Smith, died Jan. 2, 1850, aged 

No. 408. — Sarah, daughter of Luther Smith, died 
Nov. 25, 1864, aged 64. 

No. 409. — Cline Smith (granite monument). 

No. 410.— Augustus A. Smith, died Aug. 8, 1843, 
aged 64. 

No. 411.— Stephen Sibley, died Jan. 18, 1846, aged 

No. 412. — Esther, wife of Stephen Sibley, died March 
25, 1872, aged 70 years and 9 months. 

No. 413.— Albinus Shelley, died Sept. 22, 1848, aged 

No. 414.— John L. Staples, died April 28, 1855, aged 

No. 415. — Eliza A., wife of John L. Staples, died 
Jan. 10, 1851, aged 42. 

No. 416. — Jerusha, wife of Curtis Spaulding, died 
Jan. 7, 1852, aged 54. 

No. 417.— George N., son of N. E. and M. E. Starky, 
died Feb. 10, 1852, aged 6 years. 

No. 418.— Mary E., daughter of N. E. and M. E. 
Starky, died March 24, 1852. aged 8. 

No. 419. — Sacred to the memory of Susan G. Sel- 
fridge, who departed this life Sept. 28, 1841, aged 

"The last tribute of filial love. 

"I am the resurrection and the life, saith the Sa- 
viour, lie that liveth and helieveth in me, though he 
were dead yet shall he live. And he that liveth and 
believeth in me shall never die." - 

1 Luther Smith was the old clock-maker; he dropped 
down dead while going into his house. 

2 The Rev. Abial A. Livermore caused this beautiful trib- 
ute to be engraved on this marble. 



No. 420.— Thomas Thompson, horn April 6, 1785, 
died June 4, ]857. 

No. 421. — Here rests the mortal part of Mrs. Thirza, 
wife of Mr. Thomas Thompson, whose virtues en- 
deared her to her family, friends and acquaintances; 
she died May 11, 1822. aged 36. 

No. 422. — Betsy, wife of Thomas Thompson, horn 
March 1, 1786, died Aug. 1, 1857. 

No. 423. — In memory of Thirza Elmira A., daugh- 
ter of Thomas and Thirza Thompson, who died Sept. 
19, 1836, aged 17. 

"Sleep, sister, sleep, for now the dawn 
Of brighter day has met thine eye, 
The hand of death has gently drawn 
The curtain of another sky." 

No. 424. — In memory of Thomas Thompson, who 
died Feb. 24, 1813, aged 71. 

No. 425.— Widow Sally Thompson, died April 21, 
1840, aged 81. 

No. 426. — Julia A., wife of Thomas C. Thompson, 
died January 2, 1850, aged 32. 

' True excellence ripens but in Heaven." 

No. 427. — Augusta, daughter of A. and H. Thomp- 
son, died Feb. 27, 1832, aged 4 years. 

No. 428. — George, son of A. and H. Thompson, died 
Jan. 5, 1850, aged 27. 

No. 429.— Sarah, daughter of A. and H. Thompson, 
died March 30, 1849, aged 19 years and 10 months. 

No. 430.— Aaron Thompson, died March 10, 1847, 
aged 57. 

No. 431. — Hannah, wife of Aaron Thompson, died 
Nov. 30, 1848, aged 57. 

No. 432. — Thompson (granite monument). 

No. 433.— Mary Ann, daughter of A. and H. Thomp- 
son, died Nov. 6, 1843, aged 26. 

No. 434. — Sarah Athea, daughter of Joshua C. and 
Caroline Thompson, died March 21, 1854, aged 2 years 
11 months and 7 days. 

" Blossomed to die, 
O, do not weep, 
Suppress that sigh, 
I sweetly sleep." 

No. 435.— Harry Towne, died June 8, 1826, aged 24. 

No. 436.— Ephraim Towne, died March 24, 1849, 
aged 68. 

Xo. 437.— Harriet W., wife of Joseph S. Towne, 
died Feb. 11, 1852, aged 36. 

No. 438. — In memory of George E. Towne, who 
died Nov. 6, 1851, aged 30. 

No. 439. — Elvira, daughter of George E. and Mar- 
tha M. Towne, died Sept. 11, 1850, aged 1 year 5 
months and 21 days. 

" Shed not for her the bitter tear, 
Nor give the heart to vain regret, 

'Tis but the casket that lies here, 
The gem that fills it sparkles yet." 


No. 440.— Stephen Trask, died Aug. 7, 1830, aged 

No. 441.— Ezekiel H. Trask, died May 10, 1830, 
aged 25. 

No. 442.— Walter Taylor, died Aug. 30, 1852, aged 

No. 443.— Milla, wife of Walter Taylor, died Oct, 
9, 1839, aged 52. 

No. 444.— Harriet G. Taylor, died Dec. 8, 1837, 
aged 21. 

" Hope is a pledge of glorious rest, 
To weary mortals given, 
A flower we cultivate on earth, 
To reap the fruit in Heaven." 

No. 445.— Harriet Ada Tilden, died Oct. 16, 1844, 
aged 18. 

No. 446.— Elijah Turner, died May 26, 1845, aged 

No. 447.— Win. H. Turner, died July 2, 1825, aged 

"With silent lips to Heaven we give him up, 
» Submissively we take the cup, 
'Tis bitter, but 'tis given." 

No. 448.— Little Georgie— George O., son of H. U. 
and M. P. Thatcher, died Sept. 9, 1863, aged 9 months. 

No. 449.— John G. Thatcher, died June 26, 1842, 
aged 56. 

No. 450.— John Thurstain, died July 30, 1845, aged 

No. 451.— Roswell Thurstain, died April 29, 1850, 
aged 42. Francis W., William C., Julia A., Lyman 
C, children of Roswell and Frances Thurstain. 

No. 452. — Twitchell (marble monument). 

No. 453.— Amos Twitchell, born in Dublin April 
11, 1781, died May 26, 1850. 

No. 454.— Elizabeth Goodhue, wife of Dr. Amos 
Twitchell, died Oct. 24, 1848, aged 60. 

No. 455. — William Torrance, aged 39 years. Born 
in Enfield, Mass., Dec. 1, 1815; graduated at Amherst 
College in 1844 ; for years instructor of Keene Acad- 
emy and the first principal of the High School ; died 
Feb. 3, 1855, universally lamented. 

"The pure in heart shall see God." 

His pupils in grateful remembrance of his virtues 
have erected this monument, 

No. 456.— Elizabeth Wright, died March 14, 1799, 
aged 52. 

No. 457.— James Wright, died May 3, 1811, aged 
61 years. Martha Wilder died March 16, 1819, aged 

No. 458.— Adolphus Wright, born June 13, 1785, 
died Nov. 23, 1864. 

"Mark the perfect man and behold the upright, for 
the end of that man is peace. 

No. 459. — Mrs. Jerusha, wife of Mr. Adolphus 
Wright, died March 17, 1828, aged 43. 



No. 4(50. — Sylvia, wife of Adolphus Wright, died 
Dee. 19, 1866, aged 79 years and 11 months. 

" Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord." 

No. 461. — In memory of George Andrew, youngest 
son of Adolphus and Jerusha Wright, who died Jan. 
29, 1819, aged 6 years and 6 months. 

No. 462.— Gustavus Wright, died Dec. 5, 1834, aged 

No. 463.— George Andrew, died Oct. 25, 1824, aged 
3. Frederick Win., died March 7, 1827, aged 16, sons 
of Adolphus and Jerusha Wright. 

No. 464.— Mr. Ephraim Wright, died Dec. 24, 1821, 
aged 66. 

No. 465. — Sophronia Wright, died July 5, 1821, aged 
20 months. Sophronia, died Aug. 12, 1822, aged 1 
month, daughters of Mr. Ephraim and Mrs. Charity 

No. 466.— Alba Wright, died Dec. 5, 1851, aged 

No. 467. — Betsy, wife of Salmon Wright, died Oct, 

3, 1837, aged 27 years. 

No. 468. — Sewell J., eldest son of Salmon and Betsy 
Wright, died Aug. 31, 1837, aged 2 years and 3 

No. 469. — Franklin H., son of Salmon and Betsy 
Wright, died Oct. 8, 1837, aged 1 year and 1 month. 

No. 470.— George Wells, 1 died July 25, 1803. 

No. 471.— William Wyman, died April 27, 1811, 
aged 36. 

No. 472.— .Alary, wife of William Wyman, died Nov. 

4, 1813, aged 40. 

No. 473. — Hannah, wife of Josiah Ward, died Aug. 
18, L815, aged •'!'_' years. She was the daughter of 
Eben Philips, of Grafton, Mass. 

"Sleep soft in dust, wait the Almighty's will ; 
Then rise unchanged and be an angel still." 

No. 474.— William Woods, died March 23, 1812, 
aged 83. 

No. 475. — In memory of Naome, wife of William 
Woods, who died Sept. 9, 1815, aged 73. 

No. 476.— Elijah Woods, died June 19, 1852, aged 

No. 477.— Sally, wife of Elijah Woods, died Oct. 9, 
is H, aged 66. 

No. 478.— Joshua Woods, died Oct. 26, 1820, aged 

No. 479.— Charlotte E., wife of Oren Woods, died 
Dec. 9, 1834, aged 21. Dinah, wife of Oren Woods, 
died Dec. 21, 1850, aged 39. 

No. 480.— Samuel Wood, born 1764, died 1846. Abi- 
gail Wood, his wife, born 1767. died 1848. Children 
of S. and A. Wood: Abigail, born 1793, died 1795; 

1 This young man was drowned iu the Ashuelol River. 
There was formerly a picket fence with cedar posts around 
this grave; one of the posts still standing, having done 
service over seventy years. 

Harriet, born 1800, died 1802 ; James, born 1807, died 
1809 ; Sophia D., born 1804, died 1819 ; Mary A., born 
1810, died 1831. 

No. 481. — Deacon Samuel Wood, born at Westfield, 
Mass., Jan. 3, 1791, died Dec. 29, 1854. 

No. 482. — Emily, wife of Dea. Samuel Wood, born 
at Lancaster, Mass., July 27, 1795, died April 10, 

No. 483.— Martha Wyman, born Dec. 27,1818, died 
Aug. 27, 1819; John, born Aug. 27, 1820, died July 
8,1832; Elizabeth Newell, born Feb. 20, 1821, died 
July 8, 1844; Samuel, born Feb. 20, 1824, died March 
29, 1824 ; Martha Ann, born March 1, 1825, died Sept. 
30,1825; Abigail Fosdick, born July 4, 1820, died 
Sept. 29, 1826; children of Samuel and Emily Wood. 

No. 484. — Laura Ann, daughter of Almon and Jane 
Woods, died Jan. 9, 1843, aged 1 year and 6 months. 

No. 485. — Ann E., daughter of Henry and Susan 
Woods, died June 11, 1857, aged 11 years and 6 

No. 486. — In memory of Mrs. Bial, wife of Mr. Jo- 
siah Willard, who departed this life March 31, 1805, 
in the 26th year of her age. 

No. 487. — Jennett, daughter of Roswell and Eliza- 
beth Willard, died March 2, 1816, aged 15 months. 

No. 488. — Edwin T. and George C, children of 
Henry and Sally Willard. 

No. 489.— Allie Winnefred Willard, died March 14, 
1859, aged 2 years 1 month and 15 days. 

" This star went down in beauty, 
Yet 'tis shining now 
In the bright and dazzling coronet 
That decks the Saviour's brow." 

No. 490.— Henry W. Willard, of the First New 
Hampshire Cavalry, died at Annapolis, Md., March 
3, 1865, aged 16 years and 6 months. 

No. 491.— Solomon R. Willard, died June 26, 1854, 
aged 30; Eunice Trask, his wife, died Oct. 3, 1S~>7, 
aged 33. 

No. 492.— Daniel Watson, died June 17, 1837, 
aged 76. 

No. 493. — Susanna, wife of Daniel Watson, died 
Feb. 26, 1850, aged 83 years. 

No. 494. — Eliza, daughter of Daniel and Susanna 
Watson, dieil .Inly 19, 1817, in the 24th year of her 

No. 195. — In memory of Capt. David Wilson, who 
died Dec. 5, 1818, aged 70 years. 

No. 496. — .Mrs. Ellenor, wife of David Wilson and 
late widow of Samuel Chapman, died Aug. 26, 1828, 
aged 84 years. 

No. 497.— Mrs. Becea Wilson, died Feb. 27, 1831, 
aged 50 years. 

No. 498. — Harriet C, daughter of Joseph and 
Roxanna Wilson, died Oct. 29, 1829, aged 10 months. 

No. 499. — Charles Wilson, died May 5, 1845, aged 
49 years. 



No. 500. — An infant daughter of Charles and Flora 
S. Wilson, born and died Aug. 28, 1852. 

No. 501. — C. D. Wilson, wife of Norman Wilson, 
died Oct. 21, 1846, aged 38 years. 

No. 502. — Granite monument, David Wilder, Ca- 
leb Wilder and Lucy Gowing. 

No. 503. — Here lies the body of Mrs. Mary, wife of 
John Wilder. She was born the 5th of June, 1781, 
and died Oct. 20, 1809, in the 29th year of her age. 

" How loved, how valued once avails thee not, 
To whom related or by whom begot ; 
A heap of dust alone remains of thee, 
'Tis all thou art and what we all must be." 

No. 504. — In memory of our father, Abel Wihler, 
died April 3, 1862, aged 91 years and 7 months. 

No. 505. — In memory of Mrs. Mary, wife of Abel 
Wilder, who departed this life July 19, 1813, aged 36 

No. 506. — Azel, son of Dea. Abijah Wilder, born 
Nov. 23, 1788, died April 9, 1860. 

" There remaineth a rest to the people of God." 

No. 507. — Elvira Warner, Avife of Azel Wilder, 
born March 2, 1792, died Jan. 28, 1863. 

" Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord ; they 
rest from their labors and their works do follow 

No. 508. — Charles Johnson, son of Azel and Elvira 
Wilder, died Dec. 28, 1818, aged 2 years and 4 

No. 509. — Azel Bradley, son of Azel and Elvira 
Wilder, born April 3, 1825, died April 30, 1826. 

No. 510.— Lucius E. Wilder, died Oct. 23, 1843, 
aged 25. 

No. 511. — Lauretta, youngest daughter of Azel and 
Elvira Wilder, died May 12, 1848, aged 18 years. 

No. 512. — Charles J. Wilder, first lieutenant Com- 
pany H, Thirty-ninth Regiment Illinois Volunteers, 
killed in action at Derbytown Road, Va., Oct. 13, 
1864, aged 43 years. Elmina X., widow of Charles 
J. Wilder, died Oct. 15, 1867, aged 44 years. 

No. 513. — Edward Warner, son of Edward B. and 
M. A. Wilder, born Feb. 4, and died Oct. 18, 1864, 
aged 8 months and 14 days. 

" Little Warner, if my tears fell 'tis not for pain I 
I know that safe in Heaven God will keep 
The little babe that with me went to sleep." 
No. 514.— Dea. Abijah Wilder, died Jan. 9, 1835, 
aged 83 years, who was forty-eight years an esteemed 
officer in the church. Mrs. Tamer, fourth wife of 
Dea. A. Wilder, died Dec. 16, 1834, aged 85 years. 
Sarah, his first wife, died March 8, 1780, aged 28 years. 
Martha, his second wife, died March 28, 1774, aged 
37 years. Bulah, his third wife, died Dec. 27, 1788, 
aged 31 years. 

"These all died in faith." 

No. 515.— Martha Wilder, died Jan. 27, 1864, aged 

" Beloved as daughter, sister and friend, 
She hath done what she could. 

" During forty-three years Superintendent of the 
Sabbath-school. Her house was ever open to the 
disciples of Christ for prayer, and her labors were 
abundant for the poor, the sick and the afflicted. 
These things shall be told of her for a memorial." 

No. 516. — Erected to the memory of Dr. Joseph 
Wheeler, who died April 23, 1826, aged 46 years. 

No. 517. — Erected in memory of Mr. Lynds Whee- 
lock, who died May 28, 1825, aged 41. 

No. 518. — Sarah F., wife of Lynds Wheelock, died 
Oct. 12, 1839, aged 46 years. 

No. 519. — Sacred to the memory of Sophia Penne- 
man, daughter of Mr. Lynds and Mrs. Sally Wheelock, 
who died Aug. 22, 1819, aged 2 years. 

No. 520. — Adeline, daughter of Lynds Wheelock, 
died April 17, 1829, aged 4 years and 4 months. 

No. 521.— David Warren, died Feb. 15, 1835, aged 
7 weeks. Susan Iv., Jan. 9, 1840, aged 2 years and 7 
months, children of David and Lydia Warren. 

No. 522. — Julia, daughter of Luther and Lucinda 
White, died Sept. 22, 1846, aged 4 weeks and 2 days. 

"Ah ! lovely babe, no sooner mine 
Than God the gift reclaim ; 
The loss is ours, the gain is thine, 
Thy bosom knew no stain." 

No. 523. — (Granite monument.) Selden F. White, 
born April 16, 1812, died Nov. 22, 1867. Emily W., 
born May 21, 1815, died Dec. 11, 1857. John, born 
Feb. 2, 1837, died Sept, 2, 1837. Emily A., born 
Nov. 29, 1843, died May 26, 1844. Jennie A., born 
Dec. 15, 1851, died Dec. 20, 1853. 

No. 524. — Betsey, wife of Shubael White, died May 
1, 1838, aged 28. 

No. 525. — Miss Palmira Warner, died April 26, 
1840, aged 50 years. 

No. 526.— Alva Walker, died Oct. 25, 1842, aged 47 

No. 527. — Emily N., wife of Benj. E. Webster, of 
Boston, Mass., died June 13, 1845, aged 26 years. 
" Beloved friends, prepare to meet thy God." 

No. 528.— Mary E., wife of E. W. Winchester, died 
May 22, 1845, aged 21 years. 

" Known only to be loved." 

No. .529.— Julia A., daughter of E. W. and M. E. 
Winchester, died Aug. 25, 1848, aged 4 years and 10 

No. 530.— Miriam, wife of Nathan Willey, died 
June 7, 1847, aged 67. 

No. 531.— Seth Willey, died March 14, 1863, aged 

No. 532.— Charlotte C, wife of Roswell Weeks, 
died at Winchester Aug. 6, 1851, aged 55 years. 
" I am not lost, but gone before." 



No. 533.— Ella, daughter of Thos. H. and Martha 

W. Williams, died Nov. 2">, 1854, aged 3 years, 1 
month and 15 days. 

The Old Graveyard at Ash Swamp, 
near the JosiAH Sawyer Place. — I learn 
from an old citizen that the land for this bury- 
ing-ground was given to the district by a man 
that formerly owned the Sawyer place (probably 
Abraham Wheeler), and that his neighbors and 
friends turned out and built the stone wall 
around it, the place having been used ever since 
by the inhabitants of this part of the town for 
a place to bury their dead. Near the entrance 
on the right, as you go in, is the Ingersol family 
tomb ; it has not been opened for many years. 
I have been told that it has been the custom for 
a long time to bury the poor and friendless in a 
io\\ on the extreme west part of the yard, and 
here you will find a long row of" God's poor;" 
but my religion teaches me that when the last 
trump shall sound, many that were buried here 
will have as clear a record as others that have 
costly monuments, and had more friends while 
on earth. 

Among the list of names found on the mon- 
uments in this old yard will be found many 
that took an active part in the first settlement of 
the town, and at this day, although more than 
eighty-eight years have passed since the first in- 
terment, may be found many of their descend- 
ants owning or living on the farms of their 
ancestors. The old burying-ground has always 
been kept in good order, improvements con- 
stantly being made, and now, by taking a few 
rods of land on the north, south and west sides, 
it would be sufficient for the needs of this part 
of the town for another century. The follow- 
ing is a list of the interments in this cemetery, 
with the inscriptions upon the tombstones : 

No. 1.— Sarali 1". Richardson, wife of Niles Aldrich, 
died June 3, 1853, aged 22. 

"A wife and mother gone 

To a better world we trust ; 
Angels, watch ye round her tomb, 
And guard her peaceful dust. 

" Dearest partner, how I miss thee, 
And deplore thy loss on earth ; 
Though while here I loved thee deeply, 
Now I feel and know thy worth. 

" And may we, while we mourn the blow, 
With filial reverence kiss the rod, 
And feel that though she's lost below, 
Our daughter, sister, lives with God. 

"Dear as thou wert, and justly dear, 
We will not weep for thee, 
One thought shall check the starting tears — 
It is that thou art free." 

No. 2.— Polly, wife of Calvin Allen, died Dec. 31, 
1863, aged 63. 

" We mourn thy loss." 

No. 3.— Frank, son of H. H. and F. J. Ashcroft, 
died April 17, 1X71, aged 17 days. 

" Many hopes lie buried here." 

No. 4.— Daniel Bradford, died April 21, 1838, aged 

No. 5. — Erected to the memory of Mrs. Sarah, wife 
of Daniel Bradford, Esq., a native of Duxbury, Mass., 
who died Nov. 21, 1823, aged 51 years. 

No. 6. — Miss Emily, daughter of Daniel and Sarah 
Bradford, died June 3d, 1815, aged 17. 

" Various are the shafts of death." 

No. 7.— Thomas Baker, 1 died April 2, 1842, aged 89. 
No. 8. — Betsey, wife of Thomas Baker, died Sept. 
12, 1839, aged 75. 

No. 9. — In memory of Emily, daughter of Mr. 
Thomas and Mrs. Betsey Baker, who died March 17th, 
1813, in the 9th year of her age. 

" So fades the lovely blooming flower, 
Frail solace of an hour ; 
So soon our transient comforts fly, 
And pleasure only blooms to die." 
No. 10. — Two infant sons of David and Amanda H. 
Baker, died Oct. 2, 1829, and March 29, 1831. 
" Departed innocence to memory dear, 
Shall oft receive the tribute of a tear, 
While fond affections mourn thy early tomb." 
No. 11.— David Baker, died April 20, 1868, aged 72 
years and 8 months. 

" Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy." 
No. 12.— Solomon Blake, died Oct. 30, 1809, in the 
32d year of his age. 

No. 13.— Dr. Obadiah Blake, 2 died June 22, 1810, in 
the 92d year of his age. 

1 Thomas Baker, in 1 77-">, belonged to the Foot Guard of 
Keene ; in 1775 he, with Don Guild and Eliphalet Briggs, 
was chosen a committee to put in execution certain resolves 
passed by the town, among them one to prevent profane 
cursing and swearing ; also to prevent everybody from 
spending their time in tippling-houses and being out after 
nine o'clock at night. 

2 Dr. Obadiah Blake belonged to the Alarm-List of Keene 
in 1 77'3 ; he also was chosen one of a committee to hire a 
minister in 1761. The Rev. Clement Sumner was settled 
about this time, and this committee was voted twelve 
pounds, lawful money of the Massachusetts Bay, for the 
trouble and charges in providing for the ordination 



No. 14. — Lydia, wife of Dr. Obadiah Blake, died 
June 28. 1810, aged 77 years. 

"Blessed are the dead that die in the Lord." 

No. 15. — In memory of Royal Blake, born June 30, 
1756, died Oct. 9, 1827. 

No. 16. — In memory of Phillis, wife of Royal Blake, 
born Nov. 3, 1763, died Sept. 6, 1827. 

No. 17.— Eli Blake, died July 14, 1837, aged 70 

No. 18. — Deliverance, wife of Eli Blake, died April 
14, 1845, aged 70. 

No. 19.— Joseph Brown, died Jan. 3, 1836, aged 71. 

No. 20. — Keziah, his wife, died Jan. 3, 1836, aged 

No. 21.— Ami Brown, died Sept. 27, 1858, aged 88. 
Mary E., wife of Ami Brown, died Oct. 23, 1853, aged 
87. " 

No. 22. — Hepsey, daughter of Ami and Mary E. 
Brown, died Oct., 1803, aged 2 years and 9 months. 

"Sleep on, sweet child, 
And take thy rest, 
God hath pronounced 
Such children blessed." 
No. 23. — Hepsey Brown, died April 6, 1831, in the 
24th year of her age. 

" Hear what the voice of Heaven proclaims 
For all the pious dead ; 
Sweet is the savor of their names, 
And soft their sleeping bed." 

No. 24.— Allen Brown, died July 10, 1840, in the 
31st year of his age. 

" I leave this world without a tear, 
Save for the friends I hold so dear; 
To heal their sorrows, Lord, descend, 
And to the mourners prove a friend." 
No. 25.— Wealthy M., wife of Allen Brown, died 
June 29, 1840, in the 28th year of her age. 
" Stop each fond parental tear, 
And each fraternal sigh, 
She is freed from all her troubles here 
To dwell with Ood on high." 

No. 26. — Sylvia E., wife of Joseph Brown, died 
Jan. 10, 1857, aged 51. 

" Go, peaceful spirit, rest, 

Secure from earth's alarms, 
Go sleep upon the Saviour's breast, 
Encircled in His arms. 

" We weep to see thee die, 

We mourn thy absence yet, 

O may we meet thee in the sky, 

And there our tears forget." 

No. 27.— Calvin Brown, died Aug. 31, 1826, in the 
35th year of his age. 

" My flesh shall slumber in the ground 
Till the last trumpet's joyful sound, 
Then burst the chains with sweet sunrise 
And in my Saviour's image rise." 

No. 28.— John F. Brown, died May 18, 1827, in the 
34th year of his age. 

" Is this the lot that all must die? 
Will death no ages spare? 
Then let us all to Jesus fly, 
And seek for refuge there." 

No. 29.— Squire Brown, died Dec. 18, 1829, aged 

" Dear companion, now in your bloom, 
Behold me mouldering in this dark tomb; 
When God doth call us, all must go, 
Whether we are prepared or no." 
No. 30. — Esther Billings, consort of Mr. Isaac Bil- 
lings, died June 1, 1806, aged 64 years. 

No. 31.— Sarah Borsh, died April 1, 1852, aged 6 

No. 32.— Edmund Beebe, died July 3, 1848, aged 

" Weep not for me." 

No. 33. — Lucinda C, wife of Edmund Beebe, died 
Nov. 7, 1855, aged 53. 

" Dearest mother, thou hast left us, 
Here thy loss we deeply feel. 
But 'tis God that hath bereft us ; 
He can all our sorrows heal." 

No. 34.— Charles E., died Nov. 3, 1836, aged 5£ 
months ; Elthea Amelia, died March 3, 1846, aged 18 
months, children of Edmund and Lucinda C. Beebe. 

" Farewell, dear idol of our hearts, 
To thee short life was given, 
Thy morning broke most sweetly here, 
Thy evening closed in Heaven." 

No. 35. — Jane M., daughter of Edmund and Lu- 
cinda C. Beebe, died Nov. 11, 1857, aged 16 years and 
2 months. 

" Friends nor physicians could not save, 
My mortal body from the grave, 
Nor can the grave confine me here — 
When Jesus calls I must appear." 

No. 36. — Hannah C, wife of Stilman Buss, died 
Sept. 13, 1849, aged 37 years. 

No. 37. — Mary Jane, daughter of Stilman and Han- 
nah C. Buss, died April 11, 1852, aged 13 years. 

" Farewell, dear Mary, thou art gone 
To join thy mother dear, 
And left thy friends to mourn alone 
In this cold world so drear. 

" But, Mary dear, we hope to meet, 
In that world above, 
Where those dear friends have gone before, 
Where all is peace and love." 

No. 38. — Ferdinand, son of Stilman and Hannah 
C. Buss, died April 7, 1854, aged 9. 

" Farewell, sweet one in Heaven, 
Where thou art shining now, 



I know that sin and sorrow 
Are banished from thy brow." 

No. 39 — Calvin Bragg, died March 1, 1810, aged 
42 years. 

No. 40. — Hally, wife of Aaron Gary and former 
wife of Calvin Bragg, died Aug. 1, 1840, aged 62 

No. 41.— Huldah Bragg, died Dec. 10, 1818, aged 

No. 42. — Mary, daughter of Roswell and Rachel 
Bragg, died May 1(3, 1841, aged 8 years and 4 months. 

No. 43.— Eliza Bragg, died Sept. 20, 1872, aged 63 
years 5 months 20 days. 

" (<one but not forgotten." 

No. 44.— Wm. Britton (2d), died Jan. 28, 1836, aged 
62 years. A native of Mansfield, Mass. 

No. 45.— Sarah S. Banks, died July 2, 1836, aged 26 

Xo. 46. — Rosdelino, daughter of Theodore and 
Betsy Bolio, died July 3, 1854, aged 1 year and 12 

" Weep not ; to mourn it is not meet, 
For all that's earthly sure will lade ; 
Look then above and hope to greet 
Thy loved one now an angel made." 

No. 47.— Andrew H. Blodgett, died May 3, 1872, 
aged 58 years. 

No. 48.— Charles A. Bates, son of J. M. and Eliza 
Bates, died June 16, 1866, aged 11 years and two 

" Dearest Charlie, thou hast left us." 

No. 49.— John Colony, died June 24, 1797, aged 07 

No. 50. — Milly, wife of John Colony, died Jan. 24, 
L811, aged 77 years. 

Xo. 51.— Timothy Colony, died Aug. 29, 1836, aged 
72 years. 

Xo. 52. — Sarah, wife of Timothy Colony, died April 
27. 1853, aged 82 years. 

No. 53. — Mary, daughter of Timothy and Sarah 
Colony, died Aug. 22, 1819, aged 20. 

Xo. ~>4. — George, son of Timothy and Sarah Colony, 
died Feb. i, 1820, aged 9 years. 

No. 55. — Lockhart, son of Timothy and Sarah Col- 
ony, died December 23, 182:!, aged 23 years. 

Xo. 56. — Lucy IT., wife of Charles K. Colony, died 
April 21, L856, aged -'iii years. 

"I go to my Father." 

Xo. ~>7. — Georgcett C, daughter of C. K. and L. II. 
Colony, died July 16, 1846, aged 10 months. 

" Beautiful and lovely, 
She was but given, 
A fair hud to earth, 
To bloom in Heaven." 

Xo. 58. — Roseoe C, son of < '. K. and L. II. ( !olony, 
died April 8, 1848, aged 2 months. 

"Thou art gone, dearest boy, 
Love's bright cord riven, 
Thou hast joined little sisters 
Now angels in Heaven.' 

No. 59. — In memory of Lovey, daughter of Jesse 
< 'lark, Jr., and Delano Clark, who died Jan. 22, 1800, 
aged 15 years and 8 months. 

No. 60. — In memory of Fanny, daughter of Jesse 
Clark. Jr., and Delano Clark, who died Sept. 20,1799 
aged 1 year and 1 month. 

No. 61. — In memory of Mrs. Betsey, relict of Dea. 
Simeon Clark, who died Aug. 5, 1817, aged 86 year-. 

No. 62.— Gideon Clark, died Sept. 6, 1859, aged 73 

No. 63. — Delano Ware, wife of Gideon Clark, died 
Oct. 22, 1867, aged 76 years. 

No. 64. — Mary M., daughter of Gideon and Delano 
Clark, died Oct. 6, 1825, aged 2 years. 

No. 65.— Franklin G. Clark,' died Jan 23, 1837, 
aged 21 years. 

No. 66. — Charles S., son of W. and C. Crane, died 
March 8, 1854, aged 6 months. 

No. 67. — Charles Cooke, died Aug. 18, 1824, aged 
57 years. 

No. 68. — Mary, widow of Charles Cooke, died Nov. 
23, 1852, aged 81 years. 

No. 69. — Harriet M., daughter of Charles and Har- 
riet Cooke, died Aug. 19, 1818, aged 3 years and 7 

No. 70. — Nancy C. Miller, wife of Wm. P. Cochran, 
died Jan. 9, 1871, aged 51 years 1 month and 21 

No. 71. — Austin, aged 4 years and 4 months ; Cor- 
nelia, aged 2 years and 6 months — children of Wm. P. 
and Nancy C. Cochran, died Jan. 9, 1854. 

No. 72. — William E., son of Wm. P. Cochran, died 
Nov. 25, 1874, aged 19 years 9 months and 1 day. 

No. 73. — John Chamberlain, died Aug. 29, 1870, aged 
75 years. 

Xo. 74. — Sylvia P., wife of John Chamberlain, died 
Oct. 28, 1852, aged 55 years. 

" Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from 

No. 75. — John Chamberlain, died Aug. 12, 1849, 
aged 19 years and 9 months. 

" Remember thy ( Jreator in the days of thy youth." 

No. 76. — Nancy, wife of John Chamberlain, died 
.June 10, L822, aged 24 years ; Olive II.. wile of John 
Chamberlain, died April 15, 182ii, aged 34 years. 

1 1 was an apprentice with Franklin (!. Clark in my fath- 
er's old simp on Washington Street. At the end of hisap- 
prenticeship Clark started in the static, with one of my 
sisters and her young child, for Troy, X. V. The stage was 
overturned, Clark killed, and my sister and child badly 



No. 77. — Elisba Chamberlain, died June 11, 1840, 
in the 78th year of his age. 

"Thy virtue and thy worth 

Shall fond remembrance cheer, 
And ease the aching heart, 
That drops the falling tear." 

No. 78. — Susannah, wife of Elisba Chamberlain, died 
May 16, 1846, aged 80 years. 

No. 79.— Ellen E., daughter of Wm. and Mary 
Chamberlain, died March 18, 1847, aged 3 years. 

No. 80.— Thonas Dwinell, died July 9, 1866, aged 
76. Arabella, died Aug. 26, 1865, aged 75, wife of 
Thomas Dwinell. 

No. 81.— Thomas Dwinell, died April 14,1838, aged 

No. 82. — Sarah, wife of Thomas Dwinell, died Nov. 
29, 1845, aged 84. 

No. 83. — Mary, daughter of Mr. Thomas and Sazy 
Dwinell, died 26 July, 1811, aged 13 years 3 months 
and 12 days. 

No. 84. — Charles F., son of Benjamin and Fanny 
Dwinell, died April 24, 1838, aged 7. 

No. 85. — Mary Ann, wife of Oren Dickinson, died 
April 20, 1840, aged 31. 

No. 86. — Elvie, daughter of Oren and Emily Dick- 
inson, died Dec. 13, 1858, aged 2 years 2 months and 
12 years. 

" She is gone, aye gone forever, 
Dead to earthly grief and care ; 
But she lives in God's own kingdom, 
We will hope to meet her there." 

No. 87. — Elmer F., son of Oren and Emily Dickin- 
son, died June 17, 1864, of wounds received in battle 
near Petersburg, Va., aged 23. A member of the 23d 
Reg. Mass. Vols. 

" He dwelleth in heaven, yet deep in our hearts, 
His image is grown and now departs ; 
And while we yet linger we watch and we wait, 
Till death who has parted again shall unite." 

No. 88. — In memory of James Daniels, who died 
April 25, 1814, aged 53. 

No. 89.— Ezra Daniels, died Sept. 3, 1835, aged 

No. 90.— Charles Daniels, died March 6, 1849, aged 
46. Minna, his wife, died Dec. 29, 1861, aged 59. 

No. 91. — John D., son of Charles and Minna Dan- 
iels, died Aug. 23, 1845, aged 3 years and 9 months. 

No. 92.— Bethiah, wife of Dea. Eli Dort, departed 
this life June 10, 1833, aged 71. 

No. 93.— Arvill, wife of Obed Dort, died June 3, 
1843, aged 37. 

"The storm that wrecks the wintry sky 
No more disturbs her calm repose, 
Than Summer evening's latest sigh, 
That shuts the rose." 

(Erected by an affectionate son). 

No. 94. — Lewis Edgar, son of Obed and Louisa Dort, 
died May 5, 1854, aged 4 years and 6 months. 

" My precious boy, a short farewell ; 
'Tis hard to part with thee. 
But God beheld thee far too pure 
For our own society. 

" We miss thy lovely face, 

Thy sweet and prattling voice ; 
Lone and sad your mother is, 
Without her lovely boy. 

"Dear mother, weep not; tears will hide 
My glory from thy view ; 
For soon you'll follow me, 

And then we'll string the harp anew." 

No. 95. — Hannah, consort of Mr. Joshua Durant, 
died October 10, 1798, aged 48. 

No. 96. — Mrs. Cynthia Emery, died June 5, 1823, 
aged 31. 

No. 97.— Archelaus Ellis, died Feb. 26, 1845, aged 

No. 98. — Mrs. Polly Houghton, wife of Archelaus 
Ellis, died July 26, 1865, aged 85. 

" We lay thee down with many a sigh, 
In the cold lap of Mother earth ; 
But thy remembrance shall not die, 
Nor the dear memory of thy worth. 

No. 99. — Miss Fanny, daughter of Archelaus and 
Polly Ellis, died March ]0, 1832, aged 17. 

No. 100. — Mrs. Charlotte, daughter of Archelaus 
and Polly Ellis, died Jan. 9, 1835, aged 21. 

No. 101.— Elmina D., wife of Eugene S. Ellis, died 

March 1, 1872, aged 57 years 10 months and 25 


" Mother at rest in Heaven." 

No. 102.— Mary E., died Sept. 11, 1841, aged 10 
months ; Franklin E., died Jan. 18, 1843, aged 10 
months; children of Eugene S. and Elmina D.Ellis. 

" Here lies the grief of a fond mother and the blasted 
expectations of an indulgent father. They lived be- 
loved and died lamented." 

No. 103.— George S. Ellis, died Oct. 29, 1872, aged 52 
years 7 months and 10 days. 

" Father at rest." 

No. 104.— Nathaniel Ellis, died Nov. 16, 1857, aged 

" Dearest husband, thou has left us; 
Still thy loss I deeply feel ; 
But 'tis God that hath bereft us, 
He can all my sorrows heal. 

"Yet again I hope to meet thee, 
When the day of life is fled; 
Then in Heaven with joy to greet thee, 
Where no farewell tear is shed." 

Rosa Jane, daughter of Nathaniel and Sarah J. 
Ellis, died April 12, 1858, aged 1 year and 3 months. 




" Sweet little Rose, have you gone 
To join your father dear? 
Though hard to part, Ave must not mourn, 
But hope to meet you there." 

No. 105.— Daniel Fisher died March 30, 1859, aged 
"Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord." 

No. 106. — Susan Shaw, wife of Daniel Fisher, died 
Aug. 8, 1804, aged 66. 

No. 107. — Thomas S., son of Daniel and Susan 
Fisher, died Feh. 26, 1836, aged 7 months and 7 

No. 108. — Daniel H.,son of Daniel and Susan Fish- 
er, died Jan. 2, 1841, aged 18 years and 11 months. 

No. 109. — Loring S., son of Daniel and Susan Fish- 
er, died Sept. 3, 1850, aged 18 years and 6 months. 

No. 110. — David Foster, died 7 Jan., 1798, aged 

No. 111. — Mary, wife of David Foster, died March 
30, 1833, aged 77. 

No. 112. — Sally, daughter of Mr. David and Mrs. 
Mary Foster, died 24 Aug. 1798, in the 2d year of her 

No. 113. — Betsey, daughter of Mr. David and Mrs. 
Mary Foster, died 7 Nov. 1810, aged 27 years. 

No. 114. — In memory of Mrs. Nancy Foster, who 
died Nov. 11, 1824, in the 31styear of her age. 

No. 115.— Polly Foster, died April 26, 1848, aged 

No. 116. — Samuel Foster, died Dec. 3, 1848, aged 

No. 117. — In memory of Abijah Foster, who died 
April 2, 1822, aged 59 years. 

No. 118. — In memory of Artemisia, wife of Abijah 
Foster, who died Jan. 8, 1837, aged 71. 

No. 119. — In memory of Capt. George A. Foster, 
who died Aug. 15, 1839, aged 41. 

No. 120.— Elijah W. Felt, died March 20, 1855, 
aged 72. 

No. 121.— Ruth, wife of Elijah W. Felt, died March 
24, 1855, aged 62. 

No. 122.— Susan D., wife of A. O. Field, born Aug. 
17, 1844, died April 23, 1866. Edward O., son of 
A. O. and S. D. Field, born Jan. 1, 1866, died March 
11, 1866. 

No. 123. — John Grimes, died Jan. 24, 1X43, aged 

No. 124. — Mary S., relict of John Grimes, died Aug. 
22, 1847, aged 82 years and 10 months. 

No. 125. — John Grimes, Jr., son of Mr. John and 
Mrs. Mary Grimes, died 3 Sept., 1813, in the 22d year 
of his age. 

No. 126. — Our mother, Mary Grimes, wife of the 
late Jotham Stearns, died Feb. 3, 1875, aged 7!» years 
and 3 months. 

No. 127.— Alexander Grimes, died April 13, 1876, 
aged 87 years 10 months and 23 days. 

No. 128. — Abigail, wife of Alex. Grimes, died Sept. 
25, 1869, aged 81 years and li months. 

"Asleep in Jesus." 

No. 129. — Alexander, son of Alexander and Abigail 
Grimes, died Sept. 19, 1826, aged 3 years 3 months 
and 11 days. 

No. 130.— George Grimes, died Sept. 3, 1865, aged 

No. 131. — Sarah A., daughter of George and Har- 
riet Grimes, died Dec. 12, 1845, aged 7 years and 8 

No. 132.— Hannah Grimes, died March 11, 1876, 
aged 78 years and 9 months. 

No. 133.— Betsey Grimes, born July 20, 1786, died 
Feb. 2(J, 1875, aged 88 years and 7 months. 

" We miss thee." 

No. 134. — Jesse Grimes, died Sept. 30, 1861, aged 

No. 135. — Lucinda Grimes, died April 14, 1875, 
aged 78 years 3 months and 23 days. 

" She said, when speaking of Jesus : ' He has been 
a very i>recious Saviour to me, the chief among ten 
thousand and the one altogether lovely.' ' 

No. 136. — Thomas Henry, son of Thomas and 
Nancy E. Grimes, died Sept. 27, 1854, aged 2 weeks 
and 4 days. 

No. 137.— Ulysses G., died Nov. 9, 1872, aged 2 
years 11 months and 21 days. Twin children of 
Chauncy A. and Cornelia R. Grimes. Infant daugh- 
ter died Nov. 19, 1869. 

" I take these little lambs, said he, 
And lay them in my breast ; 
Protection they shall find in me, 
In me be ever blest." ' 

No. 138.— Aaron Gary, died Dec. 24, 1845, aged 

No. 139. — Sally, wife of Aaron Gary, and former 
wife of Calvin Brown, died Aug. 1, 1840, aged 62. 

No. 140. — Asaph L. Graves, died Sept. 6, 1849, aged 

" Happy soul, thy days are ended, 
All thy mourning days below; 
Go, by angel guards attended, 
To the sight of Jesus, go. 

" Waiting to receive thy spirit, 
Lo ! the Saviour stands above, 
Shows the purchase of his merit, 
Reaches out the crown of love." 

No. 141. — Emily 15., wife of Sewell Gurler, died 
Aug. 18, 1863, aged ".0. 

"Farewell, dear friend, whose tender care 
Has long engaged my love ; 

1 The Grimes family were ;i long-lived race. Von may 
count up twelve here whose aggregate ages foot up eight 
hundred and seventy years, an average of more than sev- 
enty-two years. What other family can say as much? 



Your fond embrace I now exchange 
For other friends above." 

No. 142.— Esther M., daughter of S. and E. B. 
Gurler, died June 24, 1868, aged 29 years and two 

No. 143.— Jacob Hart, died Feb. 19, 185G, aged 

" My flesh and my heart faileth, but God is the 
strength of my heart and my portion forever." 

No. 144. — Rachel Haynes, wife of Jacob Hart, died 
July 11, 1858, aged 72. 

" My soul waiteth for the Lord more than they that 
watch for the morning." 

No. 145. — George J., son of Nehemiah and Ma- 
randa E. Hart, died Dec. 23, 1867, aged 23 years 4 
months and 15 days. 

" How we loved him !" 

No. 146.— Fred H., son of W. H. and Nancy S. 
Hadley, died April 28, 1872, aged 21. 

" I am the resurrection and the life." 

Frankie, son of W. H. and N. S. Hadley, died Aug. 
9, 1864, aged 11 years. 

" Frankie. 
" Oh, our darling Frankie, 
Thou art gone to-day, 
Where no flowers wither, 
No roses fade away." 

No. 147.— William H. Hadley, died . 

Nancy S., his wife, died June 26, 1875, aged 56 


" Hadley— Father and Mother." 

No. 148. — Jonathan Houghton, died April 8, 1849, 

aged 72. 

" Father." 

No. 149. — Nabby, wife of Jonathan Houghton, 
died Aug. 4, 1861, aged 81. 

" Mother." 

No. 150.— Abijah Houghton, died Dec. 22, 1831, 
aged 84. 

No. 151. — Alice M., wife of Henry D. Houghton, 
died July 28, 1874, aged 23 years and 9 months. 

" Free from all life's ills and troubles, 
Passed beyond the billow's foam, 
Anchored on the rock eternal, 
She at last is safe at home." 

No. 152.— Mrs. Martha Harvey, died Aug. 2, 1837, 

aged 74 years. 

" Mother." 

Henry, adopted son of Henry and B. H. Mason, 
died Sept. 18, 1837, aged 4 years and 7 months. 

No. 153. — Francis S. Wilson, wife of Geo. W. Ham, 
died Sept. 15, 1867, aged 32. Sammie, son of George 
W. and Francis S. Ham, died Feb. 24, 1864, aged 4 
years and 13 days. 

No. 154. — Nancy S., wife of F. Holman, Esq., died 
Oct. 26, 1845, aged 25. 

" 'Tis finished, the conflict is past, 
The Heaven-born spirit is fled ; 
Her wish is accomplished at last, 

And now she's entombed with the dead." 

No. 155.— Daniel Holbrook, died June 10, 1831, 
aged 67. 

"My friends, come drop a mournful tear 
Upon the dust that slumbers here ; 
And when you read this state of me, 
Think of the glass that runs for thee." 
No. 156. — Joanna, wife of Daniel Holbrook, died 
Dec. 29, 1820, in the 54th year of her age. 

"Stoop down my thoughts that used to rise, 

Converse awhile with death ; 

Think how a gasping mortal lies, 

And pants away his breath." 

No. 157.— Emily N., daughter of A. and M. H. 

Kingsbury, died Aug. 13, 1855, aged 3 months. 

No. 158.— Mary L., daughter of A. and M. H. 
Kingsbury, died May 3, 1864, aged 4 mos. 

No. 159. — Arathusa Smith, wife of Isaac Lingsey, 
died Jan. 25, 1858, aged 58. 

No. 160. — Charlie F., son of Luther and Abby 
Moon, died April 26, 1856, aged 2 years. 

No. 161. — Eliza J., wife of Frank M. Messinger, 
only daughter of John and Sarah L. Smith, died 
March 11, 1877, aged 19 years 8 months and 9 days. 

" Eliza, asleep in Jesus." 
No. 162.— Emma C. Mason, died Sept. 4, 1875, aged 
18 years and 7 months. Solon S. Mason, died April 
'9, 1871, aged 9 years. 

" Sister and Brother." 

No. 163. — Henry Mason, died Jan. 25, 1870, aged 


" Husband, Father." 

No. 164. — Angeline G., wife of Simeon Mason, died 
May 5, 1862, aged 38. 

No. 165. — Hepsibah, relict of Capt. Thaddeus Met- 
calf, died May 1, 1851, aged 87. 

"My flesh shall rest in hope." 

No. 166.— Capt. Thaddeus Metcalf, died April 11, 
1823, aged 64. 

" There is rest in Heaven." 

No. 167.— William H. Metcalf, M.D., died at 
Amoskeag, N. H., Sept. 3, 1842, aged 35. 

" Time flies and eternity is thine." 

No. 168.— William Norton, died April 6, 1855, 
aged 64. 

" In your patience possess your souls." 

No. 169.— Nathan H., son of Mr. Nathan and Mrs. 
Deba Pond, died 15 Feb., 1800, aged 10 years. 

No. 170. — In memory of Mr. Joab Pond, who died 
Feb. 23, 1820, aged 65. 

No. 171. — Joanna, wife of Mr. Joab Pond, died 19 
Oct., 1806, in the 52d year of her age. 



" Go home, my friends, and cease from tears, 
Here I must lie till Christ appears. 
Repent in time while time you have, 
There's no repentance in the grave." 

No. 172.— Mr. John Plumley, died 5 Nov., 1810, 
aged 33 years. 

" Go home, my friends, and cease from tears, 
Here I must lie till Christ appears. 
Repent in time while time you have, 
There is no repentance in the grave." 

No. 173. — Abigail, wife of Ebenezer Perry, died 
Jan. 5, 1875, aged 82. Ebenezer Perry, died June 7, 
1846, aged 64. 

"Earth's sweetest music on his dull ear falleth, 
With an unheeded tone ; 
Yet heareth he the still small voice that calleth. 

Come, for thy task is done." 
(Erected by G. W. Perry.) 

No. 174. — Martha Richardson, wife of Geo. W. 
Perry, died July 2, 1857, aged 38. 

" Earth's love we know has passed away, 

Exchanged for love of Heaven more pure, 
But thine for us without decay, 
Deathless, immortal, shall endure. 

" Thou'lt greet us when at length we come, 
From sorrow, sin and death set free ; 
Receive us to thy Heavenly home, 
To share its holy joys with thee." 

No. 175. — Lewis S., son of C. K. and Millusa A. 
Pemberton, died March 6, 1859, aged 1 year 2 months 
and 3 days. 

" Little Lewis dear, 
Short is the time that intervenes, 
And we thy face shall see." 

No. 176. — (Marble monument.) 
Alden S. Page, born Aug. 27, 1802, died Sept, 5, 
1873. Harriett A., died March 4, 1832, aged 1 year 
7 months and 14 days. Edgar A., died April 8, 1835, 
aged 2 years and 23 days. Louisa H., died March 4, 
1846, aged 1 year and 10 months. 

No. 177. — Mariette E., daughter of John R. and 
Mary A. Preckle, died Aug. 11, 1847, aged 7 months. 
" Thou sweet and cherished babe, adieu ; 
Thy stay on earth was short ; 
But thou wilt live in memory's view, 
And never be forgot," 

No. 178. — Zachary Taylor, son of John R. and Mary 
A. Preckle. died Oct. 5, 1849, aged 10 months and 22 

•' Ere sin could blight or sorrow fade, 
Death came with friendly care; 
The opening bud to Heaven conveyed, 
And bade it blossom there." 

No. 179. — Lucretia A., wife of Amos Richardson 
(2d), died Dec. 4, 1854, aged 35. 

"Am T prepared '.'" 

No. 180. — (Granite monument.) 
Barzilla Richardson, died April 19, 1850, aged 57. 
" Wife, children, oh, how dear ! 

My pains were cruel and severe ; 
My pains arc past, I am at rest, 
God orders all things for the best. 

"Then rest in hope, ye stricken band, 
Till Jesus welcomes you above ; 
There will you rest in spirit land, 
The husband — Father of your love." 

No. 181.— Stephen Russell, died Sept. 5, 1849, aged 

No. 182. — Bridget, wife of Stephen Russell, died 
March 5, 1844, aged 72. 

No. 183. — Sarah, wife of Dr. Dudley Smith, and 
daughter of Alex, and Abigail Grimes, died Dec, 17, 
1875, aged 59. 

No. 184. — To our sister, Louisa F.Smith, died Aug. 
23, 1868, aged 48. 

" Her trust was in Christ." 

No. 185.— Rhoda E., died Sept. 14, 1860, aged 17 
years; Willie T., died Jan. 1, 1853, aged 7 years ; 
Webbie D., died Jan. 17, 1853, aged 18 months; chil- 
dren of Henry W. and Eunice D. Smith. 

No. 186. — William, son of Charles and Martha 
D. Slyfield, died Jan. 20, 1854, aged 1 year and 6 

No. 187— Jeduthun Strickland, died Jan. 6, 1843, 
aged 78. 

No. 188. — Josiah Sawyer, died July 5, 1876, aged 
80 years 1 month and 16 days. 

" Father." 

No. 189. — Jane, wife of Josiah Sawyer, died Dec. 
26, 18(53, aged 64 years 10 months and IS days. 

" Mother." 

No. 190. — Arvilla C, wife of William W. Sawyer, 
died Sept. 6, 1848, aged 29. 

No. 191.— John G. Stearns, died Dec. 2, 1840, aged 
22 years 4 months and 7 days. 

No. 192. — Samuel Towns, died Aug. 11, 1858, aged 

No. 193. — Susan, wife of Samuel Towns, died Sept. 
2, 1850, aged 63. 

No. 194. — Sarah E., daughter of Sam'l and Susan 
Towns, died May 6, 1855, aged 24 years. 

No. 195. — Maria E., wife of Andrew H. Towns, 
died July 30, 1849, aged 27. 

No. 196.— John Thayer, died March L9, L833, aged 

No. 197. — Sally, wife of John Thayer, died June 
14, 1857, aged 74. 

No. 198. — In memory of Daniel, son of Caleb and 
Chloe Washburn, who died Jan. 25, 1793, aged 8 

No. 199. — In memory of Betsey, daughter of Caleb 
and ( 'hlne Washhurn, who died Nov. 17, 1800, aged 6 



No. 200.— William Winchester, died 11 Aug., 1808, 
aged 42 years. 

" Here calmly rest, escaped this mortal strife, 
Above the joys, beyond the waves of life, 
Fierce pangs no more thy faithful bosom stain, 
And sternly try thee with long years of pain. 

" Life's journey o'er, he closed the willing eye, 
'Tis the great birthright of mankind to die ; 
Here mixed with earth his ashes must remain, 
Till death shall die and mortal rise again." 

No. 201. — Sarah Lawrence, consort of William 
Winchester, died Aug. 30, 1834, aged 31. 

No. 202.— Sarah Winchester, born Oct. 5, 1800, 
died May 24, 1850, aged 49. 

"Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord." 

No. 203. — Eben Warner, departed this life Jan. 19, 
1809, aged 53. 

No. 204.— Capt. Isaac Wyman, died April 8, 1835, 
aged 79. A soldier of the Revolution. 

No. 205 — Lucretia, wife Capt. Isaac Wyman, died 
17 May, 1811, in the 53d year of her age. 

No. 206. — Capt. Asa Ware, died June 6, 1831, aged 

No. 207. — Mary, wife of Captain Asa Ware, died 
Aug., 1796, aged 35. 

No. 208.— Solomon Woods, died Oct. 29, 1837, aged 
65 years. 

No. 209.— Widow Elizabeth, relict of Mr. Thomas 
Wright, died 10 June, 1802, aged 89. 

No. 210.— William Wilson, died Aug. 26,1854, aged 

No. 211. — Erected in memory of Susannah, wife of 
Mr. William Wilson, who died April 24, 1804, aged 

" Great God, I own thy sentence just, 
And nature must decay ; 
I yield my body to the dust, 
To dwell with fellow clay." 

No. 212. — Prudence, wife of William Wilson, died 
March 21, 1832, aged 53. 

No. 213. — Frances S., daughter of Aaron and Olive 
Wilson, died Dec. 26, 1834, aged 3 years 3 months 
and twelve days. 

No. 214. — Florence E., daughter of Joseph and Jo- 
anna Wilson, died Sept. 30, 1849, aged 3 years and 6 

No. 215. — Fidelia N., wife of Benjamin Wilson, died 
Sept. 1, 1851, aged 21 ; also an infant babe, died Sept. 
3, aged 3 months and 8 days. 

No. 216. — Mary E., daughter of Benjamin and Fi- 
delia N.Wilson, died Sept. 14, 1851, aged 2 years and 
9 months. 

No. 217.— Joseph Wheeler, died July 26, 1867, aged 
72 years 7 months and 4 days. 

" The Lord giveth, the Lord taketh." 

No. 218.— Betsy P., wife of Joseph Wheeler, died 
Feb. 11, 1864, aged 66. 

" Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord." 

No. 219.— Solomon Woodward, died Dec. 9, 1838, 
aged 70. 

No. 220. — Susannah, wife of Solomon Woodward, 
died June 6, 1847, aged 75. 

No. 221. — William H., son of Solomon and Susan- 
nah Woodward, died May 30, 1812, aged 5 years. 

No. 222.— Susan Woodward, died June 24, 1840, 
aged 31. 

The Old Graveyard at the North 
Part of the Town. — Away back in the past, 
so far back that no man now living can remem- 
ber, lived in the town of Keene a man by the 
name of Israel Houghton. This Mas one hun- 
dred and twenty years, and more, ago. He 
owned many acres of land in the north part of 
the town. For love and affection, and that his 
son John might have lands that he could call 
his own, this good father deeded, in 1769, a 
farm, from his many acres in the north part, to 
his beloved son. This same John Houghton 
gave the land from this farm for the North 
Burying-Ground, as it was called, about one 
hundred years ago. This fact I learned from 
the late Mrs. Betsey Houghton, whose husband 
was a son of John Houghton. This Captain 
John Houghton for many years was a promi- 
nent man in Keene ; was one of the selectmen 
in 1787, and went from Keene and took part 
in the battle of Bennington, 1777. The last 
time I saw Mrs. Betsey Houghton, less than a 
year ago, she told me this incident of Captain 
John : He left Keene for Bennington, and went 
around by the way of Albany, X. Y. Here he 
called on a notorious Tory, with whom he was 
well acquainted. The man being absent, he 
demanded of his wife only one large cheese 
(he was a farmer, and had plenty of them). 
She told him a rebel should never have one of 
her cheeses. He then told her if she. refused 
he would let the boys in, and they would pi'ob- 
ably take all she had ; so she repented, and he 
left with a big cheese. He returned safely to 
Keene from the battle-field, and here he lived 
to the age of seventy -two. He died August 
15, 1818, and was buried in this old burying- 
ground that he had given to his neighbors so 
many years before. 

The interments iu this old burying-ground 
are as follows : 



No. 1. — Boardwin Brown, died July 20, 18G7, aged 
60 years. 

Adeline E., wife of Boardwin Brown, died Sept. 6, 
1871, aged 67. 

"We trust in God." 

No. 2. — MaryC, daughter of Boardwin and Ade- 
line E. Brown, died Aug. 26, 1871, aged 33 years. 

"Gone home to rest." 

No. 3. — Julia A., daughter of Boaxdwin and A. E. 
Brown, died June 21, 1863, aged 23. 

" Leave ye the body 

Beneath the cold sod, 
She hath gone homeward 
To dwell with her God." 

No. 4. — Ruth Bateheller, relict of Breed Batcheller, 
died June 26, 1840, aged 94. 

No. 5. — Lucius, son of Perley and Mary E. Balch, 
died Feb. 15, 1855. 

" One sweet flower has bloomed and faded, 
One dear infant voice is fled, 
One sweet lost bud the grave has shaded, 
Our loved Lucius now is dead." 

No. 6. — Erected to the memory of Mr. Caleb 

Chase, who died April 7, 1814, in the 26th year of his 


" Adieu, my friends, a long adieu, 

To earthly comforts and to you; 

My Jesus calls me for to go 

And leave all earthly things below. 

Adieu, my young companions all, 

From death's arrest no age is free, 

Take warning from my sudden call, 

And be prepared to follow me." 

No. 7. — Sacred to the memory of Capt. Stephen 
Chase, who died April 6, 1830, aged 67. 

No. 8. — In memory of Betsey, relict of Stephen 
Chase, died Aug. 12, 1850, aged 83. 

No. 9. — Sarah Louisa, daughter of Stephen and 
Louisa Chase, died Feb. 7, 1840, aged 5 years and 5 

No. 10. — Juliette Selden, daughter of Stephen and 
Louisa Chase, died Sept. 20, 1849, aged 4 years and 6 

" Weep not, to mourn it is not meet, 
, For all that's earthly sure will fade ; 
Look thou above, and hope to greet 
Thy loved one, now an angel made." 

No. 11. — Ella Augusta, daughter of Stephen and 
Louisa chase, died Sept. 26, 1849, aged 1 year and 8 

"Dear parents do not weep for me, 
My aching heart is now at rest ; 
From sin and sorrow I am free, 
And with my Saviour I am hlest." 
No. 12. — Frank Henry, son of Stephen and Louisa 
Chase, died Sept. 23,1856, aged 2 years, 5 months and 
9 days. 

No. 13. — Edward S., son of Stephen and Louisa 
Chase, born Feb. 16, 1851, died June 2, 1860. 

No. 14. — Mary Jane, daughter of Stephen and Lou- 
isa Chase, born Sept. 15, 1838, died Oct. 30, 1860. 

No. 15. — Emily A., daughter of Stephen and Lou- 
isa Chase, died Dec. 15, 1867, aged 37. 

" Asleep in Jesus." 

No. 16.— Alba Chase, born July 13, 1812, died Nov. 
18, 1874. 

" With us thy name shall live 
Through succeeding years, 
Embalmed with all our hearts can give, 
( )ur praises and our tears." 

No. 17.— Charles Chase, born July 17, 1803, died 
Aug. 4, 1866. 

" He hath gone home." 

No. 18.— Charles D. Chase, born Sept. 24, 1840, died 
at Jackson, Miss., July 20, 1863 ; member of 9th Reg. 
N. H. V. 

No. 19. — Lucia M., daughter of Charles and Han- 
nah Chase, died Oct. 3, 1859, aged 15 years, 2 months 
and 17 days. 

" We miss our dear Lucia." 

No. 20. — Charles E., son of Charles and Hannah 
Chase, died Sept. 15, 1839, aged 1 year, 11 months and 
28 days. 

No. 21. — George M., son of Charles and Hannah 
Chase, died Dec. 20, 1842, aged 5 months. 

No. 22.— Ziba Chase, died July 7, 1850, aged 50. 

No. 23. — In memory of Stephen, son of Lt. Stephen 
Chase and Mrs. Betsey, his wife. He died June 8, 
1797, in the 7th year of his age ; whose death was oc- 
casioned by the fall of a tree. 

" How short the span, 
Short from the cradle to the grave !" 

No. 24. — Hosea B., son of Hosea and Hannah D. 
Chase, died Sept. 26, 1S39, aged 5 weeks. 

No. 25. — William H., son of Hosea and Hannah D. 
Chase, died Sept. 23, 1860, aged 16 years, 11 months 
and 23 days. 

"One less to love on earth, 
One more to meet in Heaven." 

No. 26. — Bela Chase, born Dec. 2, 1795, died Jan. 
31, 1868, aged 72. 

No. 27.— Charlotte J., daughter of Albert and El- 
len M. Church, died Sept. 9, 1850, aged 2 years and 9 

No. 28.— William D., son of Albert and Ellen M. 
Church, died Aug. 6, 1850, aged 3 years and 10 

No. 29. — Nancy, widow of Elihu Dort, wife of 
George Allen, died July 13, L875, aged 76. 

No. 30.— David I!. Dort, died Jan. 29, 1859, aged 

No. 31.— Charles F., died March 24, 1855, aged 2 
years, 7 months and 28 days ; an infant son, died Oct. 



10, 1849, aged 6 days ; children of David B. and 
Frances A. Dort. 

" Bud for time, 
Blooming in eternity." 

No. 32. — Edward C, son of David B. and Frances 

A. Dort, died Feb. 10, 1861, aged 5 years and 5 


" Too beautiful for earth, 

He soared to Heaven." 

No. 33. — Annie Durkee, wife of Almon Durkee, 
died July 20, 1875, aged 66. 

No. 34. — Betsey, wife of John Day, died May, 1805, 
aged 52. 

No. 35. — In memory of Mr. Ebenezer Day, who 
died Jan. 12, 1776, in the 60th year of his age. 
" Death conquers all." 

No. 36. — In memory of Mrs. Bathsheba Day, relict 
of Mr. Ebenezer Day, died Sept. the 5th, 1798, in the 
73d year of her age. 

" Death is a debt to nature due, 
Which I have paid and so must you." 

No. 37.— Sabra Day, died Sept. 2, 1840, aged 74. 
No. 38.— Benjamin Dwinell, died July 29, 1805, 
aged 76. 

No. 39. — Mary, wife of Benjamin Dwinell, died 
March 5, 1820, aged 92. 

No. 40.— Henry Ellis, 1 died Aug. 3, 1838, aged 90 

" His mind was tranquil and serene, 
No terrors in his looks were seen, 
His Saviour's smile dispelled the gloom, 
And smoothed his passage to the tomb." 

No. 41. — Millitiah, relict of Henry Ellis, died April 
30, 1850, aged 98. 

"She's traveled her appointed years, 
And her Deliverer's come, 
And wiped away his servant's tears, 
And took his exile home." 

No. 42.— Samuel Ellis, died Dec. 26, 1861, aged 

No. 43.— Sally, wife of Samuel Ellis, died Nov. 14, 
1865, aged 79. 

No. 44.— Milla Ellis, died Nov. 22, 1870, aged 87. 

No. 45.— John Farrar, died Oct. 23, 1856, aged 69. 

No. 46.— Martha E. Farrar, died March 30, 1852 j 
aged 22 years. 

No. 47. — Sarah C, wife of Warren Foster, died 
March 15, 1841, aged 25. 

No. 48. — George Goodnow, died Sept. 4, 1866, aged 

No. 49. — Marinda, wife of George Goodnow, died 
Jan. 28, 1865, aged 66. 

No. 50. — Hannah, daughter of George and Marinda 
Goodnow, died Aug. 23, 1858, aged 20. 

1 Henry Ellis belonged to the foot company of Keene in 

No. 51. — Emina S., daughter of George and Marin- 
da Goodnow, died Aug. 6, 1866, aged 26. 

No. 52. — Mary F., daughter of George and Marinda 
Goodnow, died Oct. 17, 1872, aged 30. 

No. 53.— William Goodnow, died Feb. 4, 1 867, aged 

No. 54. — Sarah B., wife of William Goodnow, died 
July 12, 1843, aged 45. 

" Friends and physicians could not save 
My mortal body from the grave, 
Nor can the grave confine me here 
When Christ my Saviour shall appear." 

No. 55. — William K., son of William and Sarah B. 
Goodnow, died May 15, 1849, aged 22. 

No. 56. — Charles E., son of William and Sarah B. 
Goodnow, died March 14, 1855, aged 26. 

No. 57. — Emily Baker, daughter of Mr. William 
and Mrs. Sarah Goodnow, died Sept. 22, 1832, aged 5 

No. 58. — Daniel, son of Mr. William and Mrs. Sa- 
rah Goodnow 7 , died March 16, 1832, aged 9 years. 

No. 59. — Mrs. Mary, wife of Mr. William Goodnow, 
died Dec. 10, 1831, aged 69. 

No. 60. — Henry Goodnow, died Jan. 25, 1844, aged 


" He's gone and left this world of sin, 

The dark and dismal shore ; 

We only part to meet again, 

And meet to part no more." 

No. 61.— William Goodnow, died March 22, 1809, 
aged 58. 

No. 62.— Charlotte Goodnow, died July 3, 1823, 
aged 21. 

No. 63. — Nancy Goodnow, died May 4, 1823, aged 

No. 64.— Mary Goodnow, died April 26, 1818, aged 

No. 65— Sally Goodnow, died Jan. 28, 1872, aged 

No. 66. — Hepsibah Goodnow, died Jan. 18, 1858, 
aged 73. 

No. 67.— Mary B. Goodnow, died Oct. 3, 1846, aged 

No. 68. — Frances R., wife of Willard Gay, died 
March 30, 1842, aged 24. 

No. 69. — Nancy Graves, died Sept. 7, 1846, aged 

No. 70. — Capt. John Houghton, died Aug. 15, 1818, 
aged 72. 

No. 71.— Relief Houghton, died June 14, 1841, 
aged 90. 

No. 72. — My husband. Wheelock Houghton died 
July 14, 1864, aged 86. 

No. 73.— Adin Holbrook, died Aug., 1843, aged 91. 

No. 74. — Mrs. Mary, wife of Adin Holbrook, died 
July 29, 1^24, aged 66. 

No. 75. — Enos Holbrook, born Sept. 17, 1789, died 
Aug. 8, 1876. 



No. 76. — Mary K., wife of Enos Holbrook, born 
Sept. 10, 1790, died May 24, 1867. 

No. 77. — Sarah E. Holbrook, daughter of Enos and 
Mary K. Holbrook, born June 13, 1823, died Nov. 6, 

No. 78. — Clarinda A., daughter of Enos and Mary 
K. Holbrook, born Aug. 15, 1831, died Oct. 5, 1853. 

No. 79.— Nathaniel Kingsbury, died Jan. 26, 1803, 
in the 64th year of his age. 

No. 80. — In memory of Mrs. Hannah, wife of Mr. 
Nathaniel Kingsbury, who died Sept. 25, 1785, in her 
47th year. 

No. 81.— Rebecca, wife of Nathaniel Kingsbury, died 
March 16, 1824, in the 64th year of her age. 

No. 82.— Capt. Samuel Kingsbury, died Oct. 10, 1863, 
aged 69. 

No. 83. — Sarah, wife of Capt. Samuel Kingsbury, 
died Oct. 18, 1863, aged 71. 

No. 84. — Delilah H., wife of Josiah Kingsbury, died 
Dec. 11, 1870, aged 49. 

No. 85. — In memory of Mrs. Zilpah Kilburn, wife 
of Mr. Jehiel Kilburn, who died Dec. 27, 1804, in the 
22d year of her age. 

(Made by Moses Wright, of Rockingham, — price, 
six dollars.) 

No. 86.— George Mansfield, died Feb. 25, 1873, aged 
52 years and 8 months. 

No. 87. — Susannah T., wife of George Mansfield, 
died March 18, 1864, aged 41. 

" Not lost, but gone before." 

No. 88.— Moses Moody, died Dec. 13, 1845, aged 

" Man of the world, as you pass by, 

Look here beneath this clod I lie, 
And born of frail mortality, 
What your lot must surely be, 
And when am Kit ion fills your breast, 
Think of my lonely place of rest." 

No. 89.— Frederic Metcalf, died Sept. 16, 1849, aged 

No. 90.— Esther D., wife of Frederick Metcalf, died 
Feb. 27, 1847, aged 74. 

No. 91.— Betsey G. Metcalf, died July, 1741, aged 

No. 92. — William F., son of William and Amanda 
Metcalf, born Dec. 9, 1839, died April 2.1, 1872. 

No. 93.— Our dear little Eddie. Died April 17, 
1860, aged 5 years 1 month and 26 days. 

" Not lost but gone before." 

No. 94. — Infant son, aged 2 weeks. 

Xo. 95. — Harriet Mary, daughter of William and 
Amanda Metcalf, died Aug. 12, 1839, aged 1 year ami 
6 months. 

No. 96. — Harriet Mary, daughter of William and 
Amanda Metcalf, died Dec. 13, 1837, aged 2 years and 
2 months. 

No. 97. — Edward <!.. son of William and Amanda 

Metcalf, died April 25, 1853, aged 9 years and 10 

" Affectionate in life, lovely in death." 

No. 98.— Levi Pond, died Oct. 8, 1870, aged 77. 

" We have kissed the pale lips forever closed, 
And laid him gently to rest." 

No. 99. — Our Mabel. Mabel E., daughter of A. and 
E. Pond, died March 24, 1868, aged 8 years and 7 

" Mabel dear, how we miss 
Her gentle footsteps now, 
The low soft tones — the pleasant smile, 
The sweet and sunny brow. 

No. 100. — In memory of Jonathan Pond, 1 who died 
March 5, 1817, aged 77. 

No. 101. — In memory of Mrs. Thankful Pond, who 
died Sept. 16, 1821, aged 77. 

No. 102.— Phinehas Pond, died June 12,1837, aged 

No. 103.— Louis Pond, died Oct. 12, 1842, aged 71. 

No. 104.— Fibster Pond, died Nov. 16, 1842, aged 61 

No. 105.— Philinda Pond, died Oct. 22, 1862, aged 


" My glass is run." 

No. 106. — Edmund J. Perhain, member of the 9th 
Reg.N. H. V., died at Knoxville, Md., Oct. 26, 1862, 
aged 37. 

" Blessed are they that mourn, for they shall be 

No. 107.— Martha S., wife of E. J. Perham, born 
Nov. 10, 1836, died Feb. 13, 1860. 

" Blessed are the pure in heart, lor they shall see 

An infant of E. J. and M. S. Perham, born Feb. 7, 
died Feb. 9, 1860. 

No. 108.— Silas Perry, 2 born April 14,1763, died 
June 3, 1852, aged 89 years 1 month and 20 days. 

No. 109. — Catherine, wife of Silas Perry, died Jan. 
4, 1830, aged 66. 

No. 110. — (Marble monument). Perry. 

Joseph Perry, 3 born March 30, 1788, died June 17, 
1865. Lydia Perry, his wife, horn Feb. 23, 1787, died 
.July 25, 1871. 

No. 111.— Aaron Reed, born April 30, 1791, died 
July 21, 1859. 

1 Jonathan Pond's name is on the muster-roll as belong- 
ing to the foot company in Keene in 177:;. 

'-' Silas Perry came to Keene about the year 1792, having 
enlisted in the war from Westminster, Mass. He was one 
of the guard at the execution of .Major Andre. 

:1 Joseph l'erry was a great mathematician besides a life- 
long Democrat. A short time before he died I askeil him 
to explain to me the difference between a Republican and 
a Democrat. His reply was the ins and the outs. 



No. 112.— Diantha P., born Feb. 10, 1824, died Aug. 
7, 1852; Henry W., born April 25, 1827, died March 
19, 1832 ; Charles J., born April 15, 1832, died March 
31, 1833, children of Aaron and Mary Eeed. 

No. 113.— Paschal E., died Dec. 3, 1812, aged 15 
years; George L., died Aug. 12, 1833, aged 8 years; 
Lydia Ann, died May 26, 1833, aged 9 months, chil- 
dren of Obadiah and Mary Reed. 

No. 114.— Cornelius Sturtevant, 1 died March 8, 1826, 
aged 91. 

No. 115. — Sarah, wife of Cornelius Sturtevant, died 
April 25, 1826, aged 88. 

No. 116. — In memory of Mrs. Elizabeth, widow of 
Mr. Cornelius Sturtevant, of Plympton, Mass., died 
May 16, 1790, in the 89th year of her age. 

No. 117. — This monument is erected to the memory 
of Mr. Luke Sturtevant, who was instantly killed by 
the fall of a tree June 22, 1811, aged 43. 
" Reader, behold as you pass by, 
As you are now so once was I ; 
As I am now so you must be, 
Prepare for death and follow me." 

No. 118. — Abigail, wife of Luke Sturtevant, died 
Sept. 19, 1839, aged 64. 

No. 119.— John A. Sturtevant, died July 11, 1832, 
aged 27. 

No. 120. — Abigail F., wife of Warner C. Sturtevant, 
died June 13, 1843, aged 32. 

No. 121.— Luther Sturtevant, died Dec. 31, 1863, 
aged 89. 

No. 122. — Azubah, wife of Luther Sturtevant, died 
Dec. 15, 1849, aged 76. 

No. 123. — In memory of Maj. Isaac Sturtevant, who 
died July 5, 1816, aged 39 years. 

" Beneath the sacred honors of the tomb, 
In awful silence and majestic gloom ; 
The man of mercy conceals his head 
Amidst the silent mansions of the dead. 
No more his liberal hand shall help the poor, 
Relieve distress and soften joy no more." 

1 The Sturtevant family have been identified with the 
town of Keene almost from its first settlement to the pres- 
ent day. Cornelius Sturtevant was born in 1 735, only 
three years after the first settlement of the town (1732). 
Coming from Massachusetts to Keene when it was but a 
wilderness, he first settled just across the line in Gilsum, 
and lived in a log house ; his descendants are still living 
here, even to the fifth generation. Cornelius was a school- 
teacher as well as a farmer. He raised a large family. 
We of the present genei'ation remember many of his 
grandchildren. George AV., Isaac, Charles, Fanny, Luther, 
Linda, Warner and many more of them, all good, substan- 
tial citizen. Genl. John W. Sturtevant, a great-great-grand- 
son of Cornelius, is one of our leading citizens, a member of 
the firm of G. H. Tilden & Co. He is a member of the 
present Board of Education, and is also a representative 
from Keene in the Legislature. 

No. 124. — In memory of Jemima Tiffany, who de- 
parted this life Feb. 7, 1789, in the 78th year of her 

No. 125. — Erected to the memory of Mr. Joseph 

Turner, who died April 5, 1818, in the 75th year of his 


" My glass is run. 

Stop, traveller, don't heedless pass me by, 

But stop and shed a tear and heave a sigh, 

Here lies a man whose heart was kind and free, 

Who was ever loved with godlike charity." 

No. 126.— Isaiah Wilder, died in Gilsum Oct. 11, 
1867, aged 85 years and 7 months. 

No. 127. — Saloma, wife of Isaiah Wilder, died Jan. 
28, 1849, aged 60. 

No. 128. — Juliette Augusta, daughter of David and 
Betsey Wood, died April 6, 1863, aged 12 years and 6 

No. 129. — Ella Mariah, daughter of David and 
Betsey Wood, died March 11, 1863, aged 10 years and 
6 months. 

No. 130.— Abijah Willson, died May 28, 1854, aged 

No. 131. — Phebe, wife of Abijah Willson, died June 
20, 1840, aged 73 years. 

No. 132. — Rebecca, wife of Abijah Willson, died 
Oct. 22, 1852, aged 74. 

No. 133.— Phebe, died Aug. 27, 1803, aged 2 years 
and 6 months. Uriah, died Sept, 8, 1803, aged 14 
years and 8 months. Avery, died at Mobile, Ala., 
March 12, 1837, aged 29. 

No. 134.— George Willson, died Feb. 22, 1873, aged 
63 years, 3 months and 3 days. 

" Gone but not forgotten." 

No. 135. — In memory of Relief, daughter of Mr. 
Joshua Washburn and Hepsibah, his wife, who died 
Dec. 20, 1791, aged 2 years, 4 months and 20 days. 

" As I am now so you must be, 
Therefore prepare to follow me." 

No. 136.— George P. Wetherbee, died July 17, 
1836, aged 20. 

No. 137.— Mr. Phinehas Wright, died May 6, 1812, 
aged 60. 

No. 138.— Mrs. Zilpah Wright, died Sept. 30, 1841, 
aged 85. 

Cornelius Sturtevant, Jr., published a newspaper in 
Keene called the Rising Sun, before the New Hampshire 
Sentinel was started by Mr. John Prentiss. He left Keene, 
went into the army, and died in Piketon, Ohio, August 2, 
1821, at., the age of fifty. The late George W. Sturtevant 
was a small boy when his Uncle Luke was killed by the fall 
of a tree. He was told to get out of the way, as the tree 
might fall on him ; but, instead, his uncle was instantly 
killed. The present generation know but little of the 
trials and hardships of their ancestors ; their real life was, 
many times, stranger than fiction. 



No. 139. —In memory of Fanny, daughter of Mr. 
Phinehas Wright and Zilpah, his wife, who died 
Aug. 5, 1803, in the 8th year of her age. In memory 
of Roxana, daughter of Mr. Phinehas Wright and 
Zilpah, his wife, who died Aug. 5, 1803, in the 12th 
year of her age. 

No. 140. — In memory of Miss Rehecca Wright, 
daughter of Mr. Phinehas Wright and Zilpah, his 
wife, who died March 2, 1804, in the 25th year of her 

No. 141.— Caleb Wright, died Nov. 21, 1869, aged 
75 years and 9 months. 

No. 142. — Sarah, wife of Caleb Wright, died Nov. 
16, 1838, aged 42. 

No. 143.— Betsey P., wife of Charles Wright, died 
Dec. 20, 1858, aged 39. 

The Old Graveyard ox West Hill. — 
This graveyard is just off the road that leads to 
Westmoreland, near Mr. Benjamin F. Foster's 
farm. Probably nine-tenths of the people in 
town are not aware that there is such a 
graveyard in Keene ; but those of us who have 
always lived here and have seen fifty winters or 
mi >re, will,, as we read the inscriptions on these 
monuments, have many of the old faces brought 
before us again. The most ancient monument 
in this yard is dated 1798; the latest, 1868. 
There are thirty-eight monuments in good 
condition ; there arc two others whose in- 
scriptions are illegible, and quite a number 
of graves arc marked with a granite head- 
stone with no inscription. On the thirty- 
eight monuments I find only five died under 
the age of five years ; two between twenty and 
forty; four between forty and fifty; thirteen 
between fifty and seventy ; seven between sev- 
enty and ninety ; and one lived to the great age 
of ninety-two, showing conclusively that the 
west side of the Ashuelot River is the healthiest 
part of Keene. The following is a list of the 
inscriptions upon the tombstones: 

No. 1. — Horatio S. Black, died Nov. 14, 1841, aged 
3 years and 2 days. Charles H., died July 6, 1841, 
aged 6 weeks. Sebrina J., died June 1, 1840 ; chil- 
dren of S. and M. L. Black. 

.No. 2. — Emma A., daughter of 8. and M. L. Black, 
died Sept. 27, 1863, aged 2 years 10 months and 10 

" Our little prattling Emma, 
Our loved and cherished one, 
Went home to dwell with Jesus 
At the setting of the sun.'' 

No. 3. — In memory of John Balch, who died March 

15, 1824, aged 66. A Bevolutionary soldier. 

No. 4. — Lucy, wife of John Balch, died June 5, 
1831, aged 69. 

No. 5. — Andrew Balch, died May 26, 1845, aged 58. 

No. 6.— Olive A. F., died July 23, 1822, aged 11 
months. Philinda, died Sept. 3, 1826, aged 15 months ; 
daughters of Andrew and Louisa Balch. 

No. 7. — In memory of Roslinda Balch, who died 
Aug. 23, 1824, aged 23. 

" That once loved form now cold and dead, 
Each mournful thought employ.'' 

No. 8. — Balcarras Craig, died May 6, 1850, aged 63. 
No. 9. — Betsy, wife of Balcarras Craig, died Nov. 

16, 1863, aged 80 years and 6 months. 

No. 10. — Lizzianua, daughter of Thomas and Eliz- 
abeth Craige, died July 23, 1856, aged 17 months and 
2 days. 

" Sleep on, sweet babe, and take thy rest ; 
God called thee home when He thought best." 

No. 11.— William Dickinson, died Jan. 20, 1847, 
aged 62. 

No. 12. — Roxsalana, wife of William Dickinson, 
died Feb. 6, 1833, aged 44 years. 

No. 13. — Francis, son of Abraham and Mary Dick- 
inson, died March 28, 1847, aged 18 years and 8 

" Beloved in life, lamented in death." 

No. 14. — Emery Dickinson, died Sept. 25, 1868, 
aged 57 years and 9 months. 

No. 15. — In memory of widow Sarah Eaton, who 
died Feb. 6, 1812, in the 24th year of her age. 

No. 16.— Thomas Gurler, died Oct. 9, 1858, aged 83. 

" The slumberer shall awake ; the unsealed eye see 
its Redeemer, and although the worm destroy this 
body, yet the dead shall rise to immortality." 

No. 17. — Susannah, wife of Thomas Gurler, died 
Sept. 14, 1835, aged 57. 

" Blessed are they who die in the Lord." 

No. 18.— Granite (stone), 1798. 

No. 19. — Sarah, wife of John T. Harvy, died March 

16, 1853, aged 48. 

No. 20. — Nabby, wife of Isaac Miller, died Aug. 

17, 1830, aged 46. 

No. 21. — Joseph, son of Alonzo and Crissana May- 
nard, died May 8, 1838, aged 3 years and 6 months. 

No. 22. — Rufus Henry, son of Liberty and Clarrisa 
Page, died Dec. 26, 1856, aged 17 years 7 months and 
11 days. 

No. 23. — Martha J., daughter of Liberty and Clar- 
risa Page, died Oct. 12, 1852, aged 1 year and 21 days. 

No. 24. — Simeon, son of Liberty and Clarrisa Page, 
died March 11, 1838, aged 6 months and 13 days. 

No. 25. — In memory of George, son of Mr. Levi 
and Mrs. Lucy Pattridge, who died January, 1803, 
aged 22 months. 



No. 26.— In memory of Mrs. Lydia Pattridge, who 
died November, 1798, aged 51. 

" Virtue now receive a reward, 
And every grace with sweet accord 
Shall now unite to praise the Lord, 
In hallelujahs to our God." 

No. 27.— Joseph Sylvester, died Feb. 16, 1824, aged 
80 years. 

No. 28.— Mahitable, wife of Joseph Sylvester, died 
March 9, 1824, aged 70 years. 

No. 29.— Dea. Daniel Snow, died May 15, 1806, 
aged 80 years. 

No. 30. — Abigail, wife of Dea. Daniel Snow, died 
March 29, 1805, aged 75. 

No. 31. — Esther, wife of Dea. John Snow, died Feb. 
20, 1820. aged 51. 

No. 32.— Silas Williams, died Oct. 21, 1829, aged 
88 years. Erected by their daughter Elizabeth. 

" Gone but not forgotten.'' 
No. 33. — Charity, wife of Silas Williams, died 
March 26, 1859, aged 92 years. 

" Absent but dear." 
No. 34. — Esther P., daughter of Jason and Sally 
Williams, died Sept. 17, 1830, aged 4 years. 

No. 35. — Charles E., son of Jason and Sally Wil- 
liams, died March 16, 1836, aged 4 months and 16 

No. 36. — Cynthia Jane, daughter of Jason and 
Sally Williams, died June 24, 1852, aged 18 years 11 
months aud 15 days. 

" Dear Cynthia, we loved thee." 

No. 37.— Eliphalet Wilber, died June 29, 1841, 
aged 57 years. 

" My children dear, as you draw near, 
Your father's grave you'll see, 
Not long ago I was with you, 
But soon you'll be with me." 

No. 38.— James Wilson, died May 14, 1837, aged 63 
years. Rebecca, wife of James Wilson, died'' June 26, 
1835, aged 46 years. 

The Old Graveyard at Ash Swamp. — 
At a meeting of the proprietors held February 23, 
1 762, it was voted that the neck of land where 
Isaac Clark and Amos Foster were buried be 
appropriated and set apart for a burying-place 
for the town. This land had been used for a 
burying-place for some years before 1762, but 
at this time it was set apart from the common 
land, by the original proprietors, to be forever 
kept as a burying-place. Here I find a monu- 
ment erected to the memory of Amos Foster, 
who died in March, 1761, so I am sure this 
neck of land is the one meant in the old records, 

thus conclusively proving this to be the oldest 
place of burial in town. There are indica- 
tions to show that there have been buried in 
this old burying-place about one hundred ; but 
to-day there are but eleven monuments to be 
found, and on some of these the inscriptions 
cannot be made out, and in a few short years 
no monument will be left in this, the first bury- 
ing-place of the fathers of Keene, to mark the 
spot where their bones lie. 

Isaac Clark was buried in this burying-place, 
but no monument marks the spot. His home 
stood near where Mr. Leonard Wright now 
lives. Possibly there is not a soul now living 
in Keene to-day that cares a straw whether 
Isaac Clark ever lived or died ; but let us see 
what the original proprietors of the town 
thought of him, some one hundred and forty-six 
years ago (January 7, 1740). They voted to 
make such grant of land to such persons as 
they shall think desire the same, for hazarding 
their lives and estate by living here to bring 
forward the settling of the place. Under this 
vote Isaac Clark was granted ten acres' of up- 
land. He was chosen at the first meeting of 
the proprietors, held on the first Wednesday of 
May, 1753, to survey the lands and run the 
bounds. (This w T as when the charter of the 
town w y as first adopted.) Isaac Clark died 
about 1761. His estate was settled by Ephraim 
Dorman, the man that called the first legal 
town-meeting Keene ever held. Isaac Clark 
once owned four hundred acres of land in Ash 
Swamp. The old records tell us that he was 
baptized in Boxford, Mass., February 1, 1713; 
lived in Ashuelot and Keene, N. H. His will 
was proved March 25, 1761. He married 
Mary Dorman, daughter of Ephraim Dorman, 
December 22, 1751. She died before 1761. 
He left no issue. 

In 1 746, when Isaac Clark's wife was a girl, 
about one hundred Indians appeared in the town 
and killed a number of the inhabitants (this 
was the time they surrounded Nathan Blake's 
barn, making him prisoner and taking him to 
Canada). Mrs. Clark was at a barn some fifty 
rods distant ; leaving it, she espied an Indian 
near her, who threw away his gun and advanced 
to make her his prisoner, thinking it an easy 



task to catch a white squaw. She gathered up 
her clothes around her waist and started for the 
fort (near the Dr. Adams place, where Mr. 
Lemuel Hay ward now lives). She, animated 
by cheers from her friends, outran her pursuer, 
who skulked back for his gun. Isaac Clark 
and wife were buried in this old burying-place, 
but in what grave no man can tell, as the marble 
that marked the spot has entirely disappeared. 
The following is a list of the inscriptions on all 
the monuments now standing: 

No. 1. — In memory of Mrs. Hannah, wife of Mr. 
Royal Blake, who Dec'd Nov. ye 21st, 1779, aged 19 

No. 2. — In memory of Joseph, son "of Mr. Royal 
Blake l & Mrs. Hannah, his wife, he Dec'd Nov. ye 
7th, aged 12 weeks. 

No. 3. — In memory of Mrs. Zipporah Blake, wife 
of Doct. Obadiak Blake, who Dec'd Feb. 25, 1785, 
aged 57 years. 2 

1 Royal Blake was a member of the foot company, 1773. 
He died October 9, 1827, aged seventy-one, and was buried 
in the old yard rear the Sawyer place. 

2 Clement Sumner was the first settled gospel minister 
of the town (April 27, 1761). Dr. Obadiah Blake was one 
of the committee to make the settlement. This committee 
was voted twelve pounds, lawful money of the Massachu- 
setts Bay, for the trouble and charge in providing for the 
counsel at Mr. Sumner's ordination ; also five pounds for 
paying Mr. Sumner for five weeks' preaching before his 
settlement. It was voted by the town this year that " the 
Rev. Mr. Sumner's salary be stated on commodities as 
they be now, and so from year to year. Commodities as 
they be now : wheat at 3s. 2\d. sterling per bushel ; pork 
at Zd. per pound ; beef at 2d. per pound ; Indian corn at 
] s. 8d. per bushel ; rye at 2s. 6d. per bushel; labour in 
the summer at 2s. per day." This was afterwards recorded 
upon the suggestion of Mr. Sumner that the article of beef 
was stated above the market price. Dr. Blake was one of 
t lie selectmen in 1762; he also belonged to the alarm-list 
in 177o. He has one grandson still living, — Mr. Cyrus 
Blake, now living in Newton, Mass., an old man. Justin 
D. Blake, of Ash Swamp, Oscar and Orinan Colony, of the 
Cheshire Republican, and Joshua D. Blake, of Surry, are 
great- grandsons. The Blake family was noted for their 
great strength. Joshua D. Colony told me that on one 
occasion his father, with his horse and wagon loaded 
with one thousand brick, got stuck in the mini near where 
Deacon Binney used to live, and was about unloading, 
when Royal Blake came along and told him to hold on 
a minute. He crawled under the wagon and, putting his 
shoulder under the axle-tree, told Colony when he heard 
the old wagon crack to put on the lick. The load was 
lifted and he drove along. He was also known to take a 
barrel of cider out of his cart alone and carry it into the 

No. 4.— Dea. Simeon Clark, 1 died 9 Dec, 1793, aged 

No. 5. — Unity Durant, Consort of Mr. Joshua Du- 
mmy 2 died 29 Nov., 1781, aged 20. 

No. 6. — Here lies the Body of Mr. Naham, who 
Dec'd [the rest obliterated]. 

No. 7. — Ellis , Henry , Jedatiah Foster [the 

rest gone]. 

No. 8. — Here lies buried Mr. Amos Foster/ who 
Dec'd March the 22, 1761, in the 40th year of his age. 

No. 9.— My Father. 

No. 10.— In Memory of Mrs. Hannah, Wife of Mr. 
John Grundy, Jun'r, who Dec'd Oct. 3, 1783, in ye 31 
year of her age. 

"Here lies the grief of a fond mother, 
She was a dear and dutiful daughter, 
A kind wife and a tender mother. 
Reader, behold as you pass by, 
As you are living, once was I." 

No. 11. — In memory of Mary, Daughter of Jere- 
miah Stiles, Esq., 4 & Mrs. Mary, his wife ; she Dec'd 
April ye 17, 1781, aged 1 Day. 

i He belonged to the foot company, 1773. In 1778 was 
paid £2 2s. Ad., balance for serving in the late war. 

2 He lived on the Baker place, Ash Swamp. Our Mr. 
Joshua D. Colony was named after Mr. Joshua Durant, 
and to show that it meant something in those days, the 
boy was presented with a fine wool sheep. 

3 Amos Foster left, by will, one-half of his property to 
the town. The value of the legacy is not known ; but, in 
August, 1702, the town voted that Mr. Sumner's settlement 
and his salary for the first year should be paid from this 

4 Jeremiah Stiles was the writer's great-grandfather. He 
was a man whom the town of Keene delighted to honor, 
for he was in some office in the town from February 15, 
1769, until his death, December 6, 1800 — more than thirty 
years. He lived on the corner of Cross and Washington 
Streets, where Mr. Clark's house now stands. He be- 
longed to the foot company in 1773, to the Committee of 
Safety, 1776, was a representative of the town, delegate to 
the Constitutional Convention held at Concord, 1778, se- 
lectman, town clerk, assessor, petit and grand juryman, 
moderator in town-meeting, one of the committee to ar- 
range for the settlement of the Rev. Aaron Hall, and a 
subscriber to the fund to purchase the first town-clock 
ever in Keene, in 1797. He and his good wife, Mary, 
were buried in the old graveyard on Washington Street. 
Now will the present generation consent to have that neck 
of land set apart by the first settlers for a place to bury 
their dead be plowed up and planted, as was the case of 
the old yard on the Robinson farm ? I can't yet quite be- 
lieve it, but time will tell. 

The town voted, March 3, 1780, to fence the several 
burying-places in the town and draw a committee of four 
for that purpose, who are hereby authorized to call on their 
neighbors to turn out and do said work without any cost or 
charge to the town. Chose Major Willard, .Michael Metcalf, 




KEENE— ( Continued). 

The Cheshire National Bank— The Ashuelot National Bank 
—The Keene National Bank— The Citizens' National Bank 
—The Cheshire Provident Institution for Savings— The 
Keene Five-Cent Savings-Bank— Keene Guarantee Sav- 

The Cheshire Bank was chartered with a 
capital of $100,000, by the State of New 
Hampshire, in 1803, for a period of twenty 
years, or till 1824; then till 1844, and again 
till 1864, inclusive. The original corporators 
were Judge Daniel Newcomb, Noah Cooke, Esq., 
and Elijah Dunbar, Esq. John G. Bond, 
Judge Newcomb's son-in-law, procured most of 
the stock subscriptions, among which are the 
names of Samuel and Nathan Appleton, Eben 
Francis, Stephen Salsbury, John Bellows, Josiah 
Knapp and several others of Boston, Daniel 
Newcomb, John G. Bond, William Lamson, 
Moses Johnson, Alexander Ralston, Stephen 
Harriugton, Eben Stearns, Joseph Hayward 
and Foster and Luther Alexander, of Cheshire 
County, with fifty-five others on the list. 

The first building for the bank was of brick, 
two stories high, and was taken down in 1847 
to make way for the Cheshire Railroad's pas- 
senger station. Daniel Newcomb was president 
from 1804 to 1811, when he resigned, and in 
the " war period," soon after, the bank struggled 
against insolvency till November, 1813, when 
Samuel Grant was chosen president and Na- 
thaniel Dana cashier, in place of Arba Cady 
(who was elected February, 1806, and whose 
predecessor was E. Dunbar), and a revival of 
credit and business secured. Mr. Grant was 
president till July, 1829, and Salma Hale, his 
successor, till March, 1842, at which time Levi 
Chamberlain was made president, and steps 
were taken to reorganize the bank under its 
amended charter, available from 1844 to 1864, 
inclusive. In this reorganization John Elliot 

Levi Pattridge and Captain John Houghton." A vote was 
passed, August 27, 1792, to fence the several burying- 
grounds ; also, in March, 1795, and July 25, 1795, the town 
was divided into districts for burying their dead. 

was chosen president; was succeeded in 1856 
by Levi Chamberlain and in 1861 by John 
Henry Elliot, under whom, at the expiration of 
its charter, the bank was made national, with a 
capital of $200,000. James Henry Williams 
was cashier from 1841 to 1847, then Zebina 
Newell till 1855, then Royal H. Porter, when 
the bank's State charter expired. He continues 
to be cashier at this writing, with John Henry 
Elliot as president. The bank's present granite 
building was erected in 1847, and has all the 
modern defenses against invasion. 

The Ashuelot Bank, of Keene, was incor- 
porated January 2, 1833, with a charter for 
twenty years, and commenced business early in 
that year. The corporators named in the charter 
were John H. Fuller, Samuel Dinsmoor, Jr.. 
Phineas Fisk, John Elliot and Justus Perry, 
and the first meeting was held at Stephen Har- 
rington's hotel on February 19, 1833, when 
forty-rive additional members were admitted to 
the corporation, making in all fifty. 

The present banking-house was built in 
1833, under the direction of John Elliot, at a 
cost of $2998.24. 

The first board of directors were Samuel 
Dinsmoor, John H. Fuller, Thomas M. Ed- 
wards, William Buffum, George S. Root, Phin- 
eas Handerson and Benjamin F. Adams, the 
last-named being the only surviving member. 

The first president was Samuel Dinsmoor, 
who served until his death, in 1835. He was 
succeeded by his son, Samuel Dinsmoor, Jr., 
who was continued in the office until he resigned, 
in 1853. 

Thomas M. Edwards was chosen president in 
1853, and held the office till elected to Congress, 
in 1859, when he resigned, and William Dins- 
moor succeeded him, and was annually re-elected 
until his resignation, in 1869, when Mr. Ed- 
wards was again chosen, and held the office till 
his death, in 1875. George A. Wheelock was 
appointed president upon the death of Mr. 
Edwards, in 1875, and has been annually re- 
elected since. 

Two Governors of the State and one Repre- 
sentative in Congress are among the foregoing 
list of presidents of this bank. 

Samuel Dinsmoor, Jr., was cashier from 



March, 1833, to June, 1835; Henry Seymour, 
from June, 1835, to August, 1836 ; Thomas H. 
Leverett, from August, 183(3, to June, 1869; 
and Henry O. Coolidge, from June, 1869, to 
the present time. 

The hank was rechartered December 1 7, 
1852, and was converted into a national organi- 
zation February 17, 1865, under the name of 
" The Ashuelot National Bank of Keene," and 
its corporate existence has been extended to 
February 17, 1905. 

The original capital was $100,000. In July, 
1875, it was increased to $150,000. 

The present board of directors consist of 
George A. Wheelock (president), Caleb T. Buf- 
fum, Charles J. Amidon, John M. Parker, Al- 
fred T. Batchelder, Henry O. Coolidge and 
Christopher Robb. 

Keene National Bank. — The Cheshire 
County Bank was organized August 11, 1855. 
First Board of Directors, Zebina Newell, George 
Huntington, William Haile, Frederick Vose, 
Amos A. Parker, Lawson Robertson and Har- 
vey A. Bill ; Presidents, Zebina Newell, Fred- 
erick Vose, Edward Joslin ; Cashiers, George 
\Y. I'il den and J. R. Beal. 

Mr. Xewcll held the office of president from 
organization till his death, March 29, 1858. 
Succeeded by Frederick Vose, who held the office 
till his death, November 24, 1871. Succeeded 
by Edwin Joslin, the present incumbent. 

George W. Tilden held the office of cashier 
from first organization till his death, February 
8, 1879. Succeeded by J. R. Beal, the present 
incumbent. It was organized as a national 
bank February 7, 1865. 

First board of directors: Frederick Vose, 
John Bowker, Edward Joslin, Amos F. Fiske, 
Reuben Stewart and Horatio Kimball. 

Original capital, 8100,000; present capital, 
the same. 

Present board of directors: Edward Joslin, 
John Bowker, Elisha F. Lane, Josiah G. Bel- 
lows and Alfred T. Batchelder. 

This bank occupies its own banking-house, 
having purchased the building of Henry Pond 
when the Cheshire County Bank was organized ; 
rearranged and made substantial improvements 
to the building during the year 1883. 

Citizens' National Bank was incorporated 

September 18, 1875, and commenced business 
October 1, 1875, No. 2299, with a capital of 
SI 00,000. 

The first board of directors were William 
Haile, Henry Colony, Stephen D. Osborne, 
Caleb T. BufFum, James Burnap, Samuel W. 
Hale and Daniel W. Tenney ; President, 
Stephen D. Osborne; Cashier, Obed G. 

In January, L878, Obed G. Dort was elected 
president and Henry S. Martin cashier, and 
continued in office until the present (1885). 
Present capital, $100,000; surplus, $25,000. 

Present officers: Obed G. Dort, president; 
H.S.Martin, cashier; Obed (i. Dort, James 
Burnap, John Symonds, Elijah Boyden, Sam- 
uel W. Hale,' Clark N. Chandler and William 
P. Chamberlain, directors. 

Cheshire Provident Institution for 
SAVINGS was chartered in July, 1 S3:'), and 
organized August 13, 1833. The incor- 
porators were Thomas Bellows, Samuel 
Grant, John Wood, Salma Hale, Eliphalet 
Briggs, Justus Perry, Aaron Hall, Levi Cham- 
berlain, Azel Wilder, Abijah Wilder, >h\, John 
Elliot, Oliver Holman, J. Colony, Amos 
Twitchell, Charles G. Adams, Levi W.Leonard, 
John H. Steele, James Walker, Azel Hatch, 
Walter Tufts, Joseph Weeks, Larkin Baker, 
Elijah Carpenter, Levi Blake, Abner Boyden, 
William S. Brooks and George Tilden. 

The first officers were Amos Twitchell, presi- 
dent ; Justus Perry, first vice-president; Abijah 
Wilder, Jr., second vice-president ; George Til- 
den, secretary and treasurer. 

First trustees: Salma Hale, John Wood, 
Levi Chamberlain, Larkin Baker, John Elliot, 
Phinehas Fisk, Azel Wilder, Walter Tufts, 
Levi Blake, Levi W. Leonard, Timothy Hall, 
Samuel Wood, Jr., Oliver Holman, Thomas M. 
Edwards and Eliphalet Briggs. 

Board of investment : Justus Perry, John 
Elliot, Samuel Wood, Jr., Azel Wilder and 
Levi Chamberlain. 

The first deposit was made September 10, 
L833, by Ashley Spaulding; amount, $100. 

The following is a lisl of the presidents from 
is:;:; to L885: Dr. Amos Twitchell, from 1833 



to 1858, deceased; Hon. Salma Hale, from 
1853 to 1856, resigned ; Hon. Levi Chamber- 
lain, from 1856 to 1867, deceased; Hon. Sam- 
uel Dinsmoor, from 1867 to 1870, deceased; 
Hon. William P. Wheeler, from 1870 to 1877, 
deceased ; Hon. Francis A. Faulkner, Esq., from 
1877 to 1880, deceased ; George Tilden, from 
1880 to 1883, resigned; Edward C. Thayer, 
from 1883 to 1885, resigned ; George A. 
Wheelock, from 1885 — present incumbent. The 
secretary and treasurers : George Tilden, from 
1833 to 1880; Oscar G. Nims, from 1880— 
present incumbent. 

The officers for 1885 are George A. Wheelock, 
president ; A. T. Batchelder, William S. Briggs, 
vice-presidents ; O. G. Nims, secretary and 
treasurer ; Trustees, John Henry Elliot, Henry 
C. Piper, R. H. Porter, Edward Farrar, F. C. 
Faulkner, J. R. Beal, George W. Stearns, C. J. 
Amidon, Barrett Ripley, J. G. Bellows, George 
H. Tilden, Silas Hardy, Reuben Stewart, F. H. 
Kingsbury and Frederick A. Faulkner ; Board 
of Investment, A. T. Batchelder, Barrett Rip- 
ley, R. H. Porter, J. R. Beal, Reuben Stewart ; 
Auditors, J. R. Beal, William S. Briggs, George 
H. Tilden, F. C. Faulkner and Silas Hardy. 

The Keenb Five-Cents Savings-Bank 
was incorporated in 1868. The incorporators 
were as follows : John H. Fuller, Allen Giffin, 
Edward Joslin, John Grimes, Caleb T. Buffum, 
George Holmes, Dauphlin W. Buckminster, 
Samuel O. Gates, George W. Ball and Samuel 

The first board of trustees were Edward Jos- 
lin, John Bowker, George W. Ball,Xaleb T. 
Buffum, D. W. Buckminster, Clark F. Rowell, 
John Humphrey, George Holmes, Wm. Haile, 
O. Sprague, Elijah Boyden, Henry Colony, F. 
Vose, H. O. Coolidge and P. Batcheller. 

The first officers were John H. Fuller, presi- 
dent ; Samuel Woodward and Farnum F. Lane, 
vice-presidents ; O. G. Dort, treasurer. 

The presidents have been John H. Fuller, Far- 
num F. Lane, Samuel Woodward, Henry 
Colony and C. T. Buffum ; Treasurers, O. G. 
Dort and G. A. Litchfield. 

First deposit made by Nellie I. Rowell, Jan- 
uary 1, 1869 ; amount $10. The present deposits 
amount to 81,800,000. 

The officers for 1885 are C. T. Buffum, 
president ; Edward Joslin, Elijah Boyden, vice- 
presidents ; G. A. Litchfield, secretary and 
treasurer ; Trustees, F. A. Perry, George AW 
Ball, H. O. Coolidge, Clark R Rowell, John 
Humphrey, Don H. Woodward, N. O. Way- 
ward, John O. Jones, John B. Fisk, Obadiah 
Sprague, Elbridge Clarke, F. E. Keyes, Hiram 
Blake, Joseph B. Abbott and George C. 
Hubbard ; Board of Investment, C. T. Buffum, 
Edward Joslin, F. A. Perry, J. O. Coolidge 
and Hiram Blake. 

Keexe Guaranty Savixgs-Baxk -was 
incorporated in 1883, with a guaranty fund of 
$50,000. Farnum F. Lane, James Burnap, 
Henry Colony, John Symonds, Obed G. Dort, 
John E. Colony, John S. Collins, Charles L. 
Russell and Asa C. Dort, incorporators. 

The first board of trustees was composed of 
Henry Colony, Obed G. Dort, Horatio Colony, 
Samuel W. Haile, Farnum F. Lane, George E. 
Colbrook, Clark X. Chandler, James Burnap, 
John S. Collins and George G. Davis. 

The first president was J. Burnap ; treasurer, 
O. G. Dort. 

The officers for 1885 are : President, J. Bur- 
nap ; Treasurer, O. G. Dort ; Trustees, James 
Burnap, John S. Collins, Horatio Colony, 
(lark X. Chandler, William P. Chamberlain, 
Charles H. Hersey, Obed G. Dort, George G. 
Davis, George E. Holbrook and Silas M. Dins- 
moor ; Board of Investment, J. Burnap, O. G. 
Dort, William P. Chamberlain, C. X. Chan- 
dler and S. M. Dinsmoor. 

The first deposit was made October 1, 1883, 
amount, 825. Present amount of deposits, 
^225,000. Xumber of open accounts, six hun- 
dred. Deposits average $375 each. 

This bank was incorporated and organized 
on the new guaranty plan, the fourth of its 
kind in the States. A capital of 850,000 
was subscribed and paid in, to be held as a 
special guaranty, that depositors should 
receive the principal which they deposited 
and the interest wluch the bank agrees to pay, 
the losses being chargeable to the guaranty fund. 

And as the deposits increase, the guaranty fund 
must be increased, and never fall below ten" per 
cent, of the general deposits. 



The management of the bank is wholly in the 

hands of the owners of the guaranty fund (sub- 
ject to the banking laws of the State), and every 
officer must be a contributor to the said fund. 


KEENE — (Continued). 


First Vote Concerning Schools — Judge Daniel Newcomb's 
Private School— The High School of 1828— Teachers' 
Institute — Catharine Fiske's Female Seminary — The 
Eeene Academy — The Academy and District Troubles — 
The High School. 

The first reference to educational matters 
found on the old town records is under date of 
1764, when the town voted six pounds sterling 
to defray the charges of a school, and in 1766 
it is " Voted that the security for the money 
given to the town by Captain Nathaniel Fair- 
banks, deceased, the interest of which was for 
the use of a school in this town, be delivered to 
the care of the town treasurer and his successors 
in office for the time being." 

Judge Daniel Newcomb is credited by Josiah 
J*. Cooke, Esq., in Hale's " Annals," with having 
founded a private school about 1793, mainly at 
his own expense, and as the best friend of 
" good learning " that the town had. 

"In 1821 the town records state that it is 
voted that the town will, at their annual meet- 
ing, in each year, choose five or more suitable 
persons to constitute a committee of examina- 
tion, whose duty it shall be to examine those 
persons who shall oner themselves as instructors 
of the public schools within the town; and in 
1823 it is voted that Zedekiah S. Barstow, 
Aaron Appleton, .John Elliot, John Prentiss 
and Thomas M. Edwards be a committee to 
examine teachers, agreeably to the vote of the 

In 1828 we find, from the town records, that 
there was an endeavor to establish a High 
School, Rev. Z. S. Barstow, Rev. Thomas Rus- 
sell Sullivan, pastor of the Keene Congrega- 
tional (Unitarian) Society, General Justus 
Perry, Aaron Hall (son of the deceased minister 

of that name) and Azel Wilder being a com- 
mittee on that subject. It was also " Voted 
that the instructor of this school shall not en- 
deavor to inculcate, in school, doctrines peculiar 
to any one religious sect, nor distribute to his 
scholars any religious publication." It was 
agreed that " the school might be kept during 
the first year, seven, and during the second 
year, eight months, which," it was urged, " is 
at least three and four months longer than a 
school has usually been kept by a master." It 
appears from minutes kept by the late Dr. Bar- 
stow, secretary, that after two or three months 
spent in writing to the presidents of Dartmouth, 
Amherst, Middlebury and Yale Colleges, Mr. 
Edward E. Eels, a graduate of Middlebury 
College, was engaged as High School teacher 
for two months, at twenty-five dollars a month, 
independent of board. His term expired 
January 29, 1829. Subsequently, Mr. A. II. 
Bennett was the instructor for three months, 
"at forty dollars a month, including board." 

In 1845, and for a short time previous, a 
Teachers' Institute was established in the 
county by private subscription. 

On March 12, 1850, Keene voted seventy- 
five dollars for a Teachers' Institute, on condi- 
tion of the co-operation of other towns in the 

Reference to educational matters in Keene 
would be incomplete which did not chronicle 
the "School for Young Ladies and Misses," in 
which, under date of 1817, Miss Fiske and 
Miss Sprague advertise that they shall "pay all 
possible attention to the improvement of the 
manners, morals and minds of their pupils." 

April 11, 1811, Miss Catharine Fiske began 
her school in Keene, known as ''The Female 
Seminary," conducting it for twenty-three years, 
with signal success, until her death, 1837. Miss 
Fiske had been engaged in teaching for fifteen 
years before coming to Keene. Rev. Dr.Barstow, 
in an obituary sketch, published in the Boston 
Recorder for September 1, 1837, estimates that 
during the thirty-eight years of her service, 
more than two thousand five hundred pupils 
came under her care. He commends especially 
" her tact in eliciting the dormant energies of 
some minds, and the stimulus afforded to those 



that were apt to learn." Afterwards the late 
Mrs. Stewart Hastings and Miss Barnes, later 
Mrs. T. H. Leverett, were among the teachers 
associated with Miss Fiske in her school. Miss 
Withington conducted it for a while after Miss 
Fiske's decease. 

Keene Academy. — In the year 1835 a 
movement was started for the founding of an 
academy in the town, and a committee, consisting 
of Eliphalet Briggs, William Lamson and 
Samuel A. Gerould were chosen to select a site 
and draft a plan for building. A subscription 
paper was circulated and one hundred and one 
subscribers were obtained. The site, corner 
Winter and Middle Streets, was selected, and in 
the fall of 1836 the building was completed. 
The academy was dedicated on Christmas eve, 
1836, and opened early in 1837. 

The first board of trustees were Joel Parker, 
Amos Mitchell, Zedekiah S. Barstow, Abial A. 
Livermore, James Wilson, Aaron Hall, Azal 
Wilder, William Lamson, Elijah Parker and 
Eliphalet Briggs, of Keene ; John Sabin, of 
Fitzwilliam ; Elisha Rockwood, of Swanzey ; 
Alanson Rawson, of Roxbury; Larkin Baker, 
of Westmoreland ; and Pliny Jewell, of Win- 

The lot was deeded to the trustees by Abijah 
Wilder, May 24, 1839, and the papers were 
drawn under the direction of Joel Parker. 

The academy was understood to be an ortho- 
dox institution. Article 5th of the trust deed 
says, " The Trustees shall neither elect nor 
employ any person as Principal of said Acad- 
emy who is not a professor of religion in an 
Orthodox Congregational or Presbyterian 
Church, and who does not hold in substance 
the faith now held and maintained by the 
church of the First Congregational Society of 
Keene." It was also further stated that " The 
basement be used for a chapel by the First 
Congregational Church in Keene, and for no 
other purpose, they keeping it in repair. Also, 
the attic story for a singing hall for the church 
of said society, they keeping it in repair." J 

The first principal of the academy was Mr. 

i It may be well enough to state, however, that a large 
proportion of the subscriptions to build the academy came 
from the members of the Congregational Church. 

Breed Batchelder, assisted by Miss Mary E. 
Parker and Miss Leverett. 

Mr. Batchelder remained until the spring of 

Mr. Batchelder's successors were as follows : 
Noah Bishop, from the spring of 1839 till the 
close of 1840 ; Abraham Jenkins, till the spring 
of 1841 ; Mrs. A. E. P. Perkins, till the autumn 
of 1844 ; Seneca Cummings, from the fall of 

1844 to the spring of 1845 ; Miss L. H. Kim- 
ball, from the spring of 1845 to the fall of 

1845 ; K G. Clark, from the fall of 1845 to 
the spring of 1847 ; Wm. W. Blodgett, from 
1847 till the spring of 1848; Mr. Woodworth, 
from 1848 to 1850 ; Wm. Torrance, from 1850 
to 1853, being the last principal of the Keene 
Academy. Mr. Torrance was highly respected. 
He died here February 3, 1855, aged thirty- 
nine years. 

The erection of the academy buildings en- 
tailed a larger expense than was originally an- 
ticipated (three thousand five hundred dollars), 
and the amount required (one thousand dol- 
lars) was borrowed on the notes of Elijah 
Parker, Aaron Hall and Eliphalet Briggs, and 
the amount, with interest, was paid from the 
estates of these gentlemen by their administra- 
tors. Mr. Timothy Hall presented the academy 
a bell, and also the blinds of the building, and 
Mr. Eliphalet Briggs presented a set of globes, 
valued at one hundred dollars. 

In the spring of 1853 a committee of the 
associated school districts proposed to purchase 
the property for a High School. The first meet- 
ing of the trustees, to consider the proposition, 
was held at the academy April 28, 1853. Pres- 
ent — S. Hastings, William Lamson, Charles 
Lamson, Eliphalet Briggs, Daniel Aikens and 
Levi Chamberlain. At a subsequent meeting, 
held June 13, 1853, it was voted to lease the 
property to the districts for ten years, at an 
annual rent of two hundred and fifty dollars, the 
first three years' rent to be expended in repairs 
on the buildings. At the expiration of the 
lease it was renewed for three years, at three 
hundred and fifty dollars for the first two, and 
four hundred and fifty dollars for the third year. 

December 19, 1866, a committee, appointed 
by the districts, was chosen to select a lot for a 



High School building, and the academy lot was 
decided upon; and eight days later, December 
27th, they made application to buyj the trustees, 
however, refused to sell, claiming they had no 
authority. January 10, 1867, a petition Mas 
presented to the selectmen to lay out the lot, 
with the buildings, for the use of the High School. 
The trustees protested against the districts'' tak- 
ing the property, hut on the 30th of January, 
same year, the selectmen laid out the lot, for 
the use of the High School, and awarded six 
thousand one hundred dollars damages. The 
sum was not accepted, and the trustees applied to 
the Legislature, at the June session, for the incor- 
poration of the academy, and a charter was 


September 22, 1868, the subject came up for 
hearing before .Fudge J. E. Sargent, referee, witli 
Hon. T. M. Edwards for plaintiffs and Hon. 
able W. V. Wheeler for defendants and the 
decision was in favor of the High School. 

The present officers and trustees of Keene 
Academy arc as follows : W. S. Briggs, pres- 
ident ; S. S. Wilkinson, vice-president; E,. 
H. Porter, secretary and treasurer ; W. S. 
Briggs, R. H. Porter, Solon S. Wilkinson, Bar- 
rett Ripley, George E. Holbrook, Isaac Rand, 
John Humphrey, Chas.Bridgman, S. G. Griffin, 
S. D. Osborn, Allan Gerould, Jr., Elisha F. 
Lane, S. Hale, A/.ro B. Skinner and I. N. 
Spencer, trustees. 

Amount of the fund April 1, 1885, was, 

The High School opened with Mr. Tor- 
rance a- principal, and the principals from that 
time to the present have been as follows : ( 'has. 
E. Bruce, L. W. Buckingham, A. J. Bur- 
bank, S. II. Brackett, Hooper, and M.. A. 

Bailey the present incumbent. 


KEENE— (Continued)- 


Masonic — Odd-Fellows — ( )t her Societies — Public Library — 
The Press — The Sentinel — The Cheshire Republican — Tin- 
New Falkland Observer— Keene in 1 S : ; 1 — Post-Office — 
Court-House — The King's Cannon — Manufacturing In- 
terests — Members of Congress — Governors — War of the 
Rebellion— Soldiers' Monument — Physicians — City of 
Keene — First Charter Election — Officers Elected — 
Mayors, Aldermen, Councilmen and Clerks to Present 
Time — Present ( tfficers. 

Social Friends Lodge, F. and A. M. 

was chartered June 8th, 1825; but in 1827 
the Morgan troubles begun in Western New 
York, resulting in a strong Anti-Masonic party, 
which spread over the whole northern part of 
the country, continuing for ten years, when it 
ceased to exist. During this time Socia] Friends 
Lodge, with most of the other lodges in this 
part of the country, wound up its affairs and 
ceased to exist. 

In 1855 a few brethren having the interest of 
the craft at heart, began to talk up the matter 
of reviving Freemasonry in this town ; so they 
met for rehearsals in Deluge Engine-House, 
oidy one of them being able to answer a word 
of the lectures. They soon applied to the Grand 
Master for a charter; he told them he could not 
give them a charter, because there was one 
already in existence. In the course of* time 
John Prentiss succeeded in finding the old 
charter of 1825, when they were allowed by the 
( Irand Lodge to go to work. Accordingly, the 
first stated communication was held April !>, 
1856, in Odd-Fellows' Hall, where the meetings 
continued to be held until 1860, when the lodge 
leased and occupied the apartments in the east 
end of St. John's building. 

In 1868 the rooms were found to be too 
small for the growing order of Freemasonry, 
when the building was enlarged, and the lodge 
moved into a larger hall in the west end of the 
buildine, using the old hall lor an armory and 
banquel hall. 

In 1869, owing to the rapid growth of the 
order, several of the older members, thinking it 
would be for the good of the craft to start an- 



other lodge, applied to the Grand Lodge, and a 
charter was granted for the Lodge of the Temple. 

In 1874 the Masonic apartments in St. John's 
building were again enlarged, by increasing the 
size of the lodge-room and adding a large ban- 
quet hall in the third story of the building. 

The following is a list of Past Masters : 

A. S. Carpenter was elected W. Master June 11, 

Barrett Ripley was elected W. Master April 26, 

A. S. Carpenter was elected W. Master again April 
11, 1859. 

E. H. Porter was elected W. Master April 2, 1860. 
T. J. French was elected W. Master April 22, 1861. 
Don H. Woodward was elected W. Master April 

14, 1862. 

Edward Gustine was elected W. Master April 18, 

S. S. Wilkinson was elected W. Master April 10, 

S. A. Carter was elected W. Master April 23, 1866. 

Horatio Colony was elected W. Master April 15, 

C. S. Coburn was elected W. Master April 6, 1868. 

L. J. Tuttle was elected W. Master April 11, 1870. 

0. M. Holton was elected W. Master March 18, 

F. L. Howe was elected W. Master March 30, 1874. 
F. K. Burn ham was elected W. Master March 29, 


H. W. Hubbard was elected W. Master March 20, 

Elisha Ayer was elected W. Master March 26, 1877. 

O. M. Holton was elected W. Master again March 
4, 1878. 

George A. Gordon was elected W. Master March 

S. M. Ray was elected W. Master March 7, 1881. 

George H. Eames was elected W. Master March 6, 

George G. Dort was elected W. Master March 2, 

Lodge of the Temple received a dispen- 
sation April I!, 1869, from the Most Worship- 
ful Grand Master Alexander M. Winn, who 
appointed Brother A. S. Carpenter the first 
Master, Brother D. W. Buckminster as the first 
Senior Warden, and Brother Edward Farrar as 
the first Junior Warden. This new lodge was 
an oflshoot of Social Friends Lodge. But little 
work was done by the lodge while under dis- 
pensation. At the annual meeting of the M. 
W . Grand Lodge, the Juno following, a petition 

was presented asking the Grand Lodge to grant 
a charter to this new lodge. 

There was opposition from some members of 
Social Friends Lodge to granting this charter, 
not in a factious spirit, but doubting the expe- 
diency or necessity of another lodge at Keene ; 
and it was argued with considerable force, by 
some Masons, that two lodges would be an in- 
jury instead of a benefit to Masonry. 

The weight of the evidence presented to the 
Grand Lodge convinced them that the good of 
Masonry would be promoted by granting a 
charter. Therefore a charter was granted to 
the new lodge, to be called The Lodge of the 
Temple, to be numbered 88 and assigned to 
District No. 3. Soon after the formation of 
Lodge of the Temple business throughout the 
country became prostrated, and the effect was 
such that very few petitions were presented to 
the lodge ; under the circumstances, the lodge 
became financially embarrassed, so much so that 
its future life, prosperity and usefulness were 
anything but encouraging ; but by strict econ- 
omy during the prosperous times that followed, 
the lodge is now placed upon a solid foundation 
financially, having a membership of over 
ninety and every indication of a long and useful 
career. The relations that exist between Social 
Friends Lodge and Lodge of the Temple are 
of the most fraternal and pleasant character, 
and the idea that two lodges are not needed at 
Keene has, it is hoped, long since passed away. 

The following is a list of the Past Masters : 

A. S. Carpenter was appointed W. Master April 6, 

Thomas E. Hatch was elected W. Master Decem- 
ber 25, 1869. 

Edward Gustine was elected W. Master April 5, 

E. E. Lyman was elected W. Master April 4, 1871. 
Francis Brick was elected W. Master April 1, 1878. 
Daniel McGregor was elected W. Master June 5, 


John G. Stone was elected W. Master April 4, 

George J. Appleton was elected W. Master April 3, 

F. H. Whitcomb was elected W. Master April 6, 

George W. Flagg was elected W. Master April 4, 

O. G. Nims was elected W. Master March 28, 1884. 



Cheshire Royal Arch Chapter. — This 
chapter was reorganized Oct. 1 2, 1859. The High 
Priests have been : H. M. Streeter, 1859 ; Bar- 
rett Ripley, 1861 ; T. E. Hatch, 1863; J. H. 
Elliot, 1865; E. Gustine, 1867; S. A. Car- 
ter, 1869; E. Ayer, 1872; L. J. Tattle, 1875; 
O. M. Holton, 1879; Geo. W. Flagg, 1881; 
J. B. Fisher, 188:}; M. V. B. Clark, 1885. 

The chapter is in a flourishing condition ; its 
financial standing is sound, and its membership 
is about one hundred and fifty. More than five 
hundred members have been enrolled upon the 
books of this association of Masons since Mav 4, 
1816, at which time it commenced to work in 
Keene under dispensation. The charter was 
granted to the Hon. John Prentiss, founder of 
the New Hampshire Sentinel, and Rev. Brough- 
ton White, of Westmoreland, the latter becom- 
ing its first High Priest. The meetings were 
then held in Prentiss' (now Whitcomb's) block, 
in the attic of which may be found, to-day, a 
part of the old chapter furniture. The par- 
aphernalia, however, was taken to Iowa, and 
used in a chapter there by the late General 
-lames Wilson, who was High Priest of Cheshire 
Chapter for a number of years previous to its 
dormancy, which was brought about prior to 
1835, by the Morgan excitement. The charter 
of Cheshire Chapter bears date of May 1,1819, 
and was signed by Thomas Smith Webb, Dep- 
uty-General Grand High Priest, whose name is 
familiar to Free-Masons throughout the country 
and whose " Masonic Monitor" has found a 
place in every Masonic library. One hundred 
years ago Thomas Smith Webb was a book- 
binder on Main Street, Keene. He was ini- 
tiated as an Entered Apprentice December 24, 
1790, passed to the degree of Fellow Craft 
December 27, 1790, and raised to the sublime 
degree of Master-Mason December 27, 17!mi, 
in Rising Sim Lodge, No. 1, Keene. Subse- 
quently he became very prominent as a Masonic 
author and ritualist, lie elaborated the ritual 
of the < >rder of the lied Cross, and, by borrow- 
ing from the esoteric rituals of both the lodge 
and chapter, connected it with Masonry, and 
thus the Illustrious Order of the Red Cross 
became a pari of the so-called American York 
Kite of Free-Masonry. The charter of Che- 

shire Chapter was declared forfeited and ordered 
to be stricken from the Grand Chapter books, 
June 14, 1843, the chapter having failed to 
make return since 1835. It was restored Octo- 
ber 12, 1859. The early records are not extant, 
but are complete since the revival of the chap- 
ter, October 12, 1859, since which time the 
meetings have been continuous. 

There is also a council located here called St. 
John's Council, No. 7, with Josiah L. Seward, 
T. I. M. 

Hugh de Payens Commandery. 1 — In 
1863 the matter of having a comniandery of 
Knights Templar at Keene was agitated by the 
Masons of Keene and vicinity. At that time 
there were but a very few Knights Templar in 
New Hampshire. The Grand Commandery of 
the State had been formed. The Masons of 
this section were informed that it would be nec- 
essary that a certain number of Chapter Masons 
should take the Templar degree, then apply to 
the Grand Commandery for a dispensation or 
charter. It was found necessary to have the 
recommendation of some Sir Knight, who be- 
longed to some commandery and resided in this 
vicinity. Only one could be found. That was 
Sir Knight Oliver G. Woodbury, of Westmore- 
land. He was a member of Vermont Com- 
mandery, Xo. 4, Windsor, Vt. By the request 
of some Chapter Masons of Keene, Sir Knight 
Woodbury made arrangements witli this com- 
mandery to confer the Templar degrees on the 
following Masons (as the records show) : Hon 
II. Woodward, II. M. Streeter, Barrett Ripley, 
Elisha F. Lane, Edward Gustine, William S. 
Briggs, John II. Elliott, Edward Farrar, John 
A. Chamberlain. 

November 30, 1X63, they started for Ver- 
mont to receive the degrees. On arriving at 
Windsor they were informed that the Grand 
Commandery of Vermont considered it essential 
that the council degrees should be taken before 
receiving the Templar degrees. By a dispen- 
sation tiny received the council degrees in As- 
cutney Council, at Windsor, Vt.,November 30, 
L863. After receiving the council degrees they 
continued their journey to Hartford, Vt., where 

1 By Bon. E. Gustine. 



the meeting of the commandery was held at 
that time. At that early day of Templar Ma- 
sonry they had no particular place in the dis- 
trict for holding meetings. The officers desig- 
nated where and when the meetings should be 
held. Under such circumstances they did not 
always find suitable accommodations. On this 
occasion the meeting was held in the attic of 
the hotel. One window in the gable end, the 
rough boards and bare rafters were calculated 
to impress on the minds of the candidates the 
rough habit and course fare of our ancient Sir 
Knights. The kind and cordial greeting that 
was extended to them by the Sir Knights made 
the surroundings appear very pleasant. After 
two days of pilgrimage they returned to their 
homes, well pleased with the Sir Knights whom 
they had met and the Templar degrees. 

In 1866 the Sir Knights applied for a dis- 
pensation, which was granted by Eminent Grand 
Commander Charles A. Tufts, August 20, 1866, 
to Thomas E. Hatch, Edward Gustine and 
their associates. Sir Knight Hatch was ap- 
pointed by Grand Commander Tufts as his 
proxy to organize this new commandery, which 
was done September 7, 1866. It received its 
charter at the annual conclave of the Grand 
Commandery, September 2o, 1866. 

Thomas E. Hatch was appointed its first 
Commander, and held the office one year. After 
procuring suitable jewels and regalia, on De- 
eember 4, 1866, the officers of Hugh de Payens 
Commandery, of Melrose, Mass., under the 
command of Eminent Sir Knight L. L. Fuller, 
visited this new commandery (of the same 
name) and assisted in conferring the degrees. 

At the annual assembly in 1867, Simon G. 
Griffin was elected Eminent Commander. In 
1876, Solon A. Carter was elected Eminent 
Commander. In 1878, Solon S. Wilkinson was 
elected Eminent Commander. In 1880, Don 
II. Woodward was elected Eminent Com- 
mander. In 1883, Frank L. Howe was elected 
Eminent Commander, and is its present Com- 
mander. The several Commanders have been 
very efficient and satisfactory officers. The 
commandery was chartered in 1866 with nine 
charter members ; in 1884 it had a membership 
of one hundred and fifty. 

Accepted Scottish Rite was organized 
August 7, 1884, under the authority of "The 
Supreme Grand Council, Sovereign Grand In- 
spector-General, 33d and last degree, for the 
United States of America." 

Bodies meet jointly, in St. John's Hall, third 
Thursday of each month. New Hampshire 
Consistory : Frank H. Whitcomb, 111. Com.- 
in-Chief. Cheshire Chapter Rose Croix : 
Frank L. Howe, M. W. P. M. Monadnock 
Council, Princes of Jerusalem : Brainard T. 
Olcott, M. E. S. G. M. Ashuelot Lodge of 
Perfection : Frank H. Whitcomb, T. P. G. M. ; 
George W. Flagg, Deputy for New Hampshire. 

Active members of the Supreme Council for 
New Hampshire,— George W. Flagg, 33° 
Deputy ; Frank H. Whitcomb, 33°; Brainard 
T. Olcott, 33°. 

The membership of these bodies is large, and 
the funds rate second in amount among the 
Masonic organizations in this city. 

Keene Natural History Society was 
organized October 23, 1871, and incorporated 
May 31, 1880. George A. Wheelock, presi- 
dent; Samuel Wadsworth, vice-president; D. 
W. Gilbert, secretary and treasurer ; C. F. 
Rowell, I. J. Prouty, W. R. Dunham, E. J. C. 
Gilbert and H. Blake, executive committee; 
Ira D. Gates, custodian. 

Keene Humane Society was organized 
December 18, 1875, and incorporated June 3, 
1879. President, Charles H. Hersey; Vice- 
Presidents, C. T. Buffuni, E. A. Webb, A. B. 
Hay ward, E. A. Renouf, S. G. Griffin, Hora- 
tio Colony, Mrs. C. S. Falkner ; Directors, 
Horatio Kimball, A. B. Skinner, Mrs. 
C. T. Buffum, Mrs. S. D. Osborne, Mrs. 
C. Bridgman, Mrs. A. S. Carpenter, 
James Marsh, Mrs. O. G. Dort, Dr. G. B. 
Twitchell, Mrs. W. P. Wheeler ; Secretary, 
Miss. E. Henderson ; Treasurer, Clark F. 
Rowell ; Prosecuting Attorney, John T. Abbott. 

Invalids' Home was incorporated Novem- 
ber, 1874. President, Mrs. A. S. Carpenter; 
Directors, Mrs. G. D. Harris, Mrs. E. C. 
Thayer, Mrs. R. H. Porter, Miss E. J. Faulk- 
ner, Mrs. K. C. Scott, F. F. Lane ; Secretary, 
Miss B. M. Dinsmoor; Treasurer, I. N. Spencer. 

Public Schools. — The following gentlemen 



compose the board of officers for Union School 
District : Rev. Edward A. Renouf, chairman of 
the Board of Education ; Wilton H. Spalter, sec- 
retary of the board ; Henry S. Martin, treasurer 
of the district; "Wilton H. Spalter, agent 
of the district; Ira D. Gates, janitor of High 
School building. 

The Board of Education is composed of the 
following: George Tilden, term expires March 
1885; George A. Wheelock, term expires 
March, 1885 ; Henry S. Martin, term expires 
March, 1885: Wilton H. Spalter, term expires 
March, 1886 ; Joseph B. Abbott, term expires 
March, 1886 ; Ira J. Prouty, term expires 
March, 1886; Rev. Edward A. Renouf, term 
expires March, 1887; diaries H. Hersey, term 
expires March, 1887; John AY. Sturtevant, 
fcerm expires March, 1 887. 

High School, Winter Street. — The High School 
building, completed in 187(!, at a cost of fifty 
thousand dollars, is a model in architectural 
design, and w r ill accommodate over three hun- 
dred pupils. In addition to the High School 
proper, there are four grammar schools, of the 
first, second and third grades, kept in the build- 


Tli.' instructors are Middlesex A. Bailey, 
A.M., principal ; William F. Gibson, sub- 
master ; Miss E. M. Taft, assistant; Miss Alice 
M. AYhitcomb, assistant. 

Grammar Schools. — First Grade : High 
School building, Miss M. A. Wheeler, S. Liz- 
zie Green (assistant). 

Second Grade : Room 1, High School build- 
ing, Miss Julia D. Hatch ; Room 2, High School 
building, Miss Helen M. Howard. 

Third Grade: Room 1, High School building, 
Miss Lizzie M. Nims; Room 2, School Street, 
Mi— ( larrie R. Hutchins. 

Fourth Grade : Room 1, Centre Street, Miss 
Carrie E. Whitcomb; Room 2, School Street, 
Miss Fannie M. Rhan ; Room 3, Church 
Street, Mi>- Sarah L. Bixby. 

Secondary Sehools. — Lincoln Street, Flora E. 
Sargeant ; Main Street, Harriet A. Hemenway; 
Pearl Street, Annie M. O'Connor; School 
Street, Gertrude E. Stone; Washington Street, 
S. Annie Strong; Fuller School, Anna F. 

Primary School*. — Lincoln Street, Jennie A. 
Tuttle; Main Street, Anna 10. Bates ; Pearl 
Street, Nan L. Hart; School Street, Nellie M. 
Towne ; Washington Street, ffattie M. Met calf ; 
( entre Street, Jennie S. Abbott ; Fuller School, 
Mary A. Conroy. 

Suburban Districts. — The schools not belong- 
ing to the Union District are ten in number, and 
are placed under charge of a superintendent. 
The superintendent of suburban schools is 
Gardner C. Hill. 

Independent Ordeb of Odd Fellows — 
Beaver Brook Lodge, No. .*'>(>. — Eugene M. 
Keyes, N. G. ; D. H. Dickerson, V. G. ; Frank 
M. Davis, Rec. Sec; A. W. Dickinson, Treas. ; 
Frank E. Joy, Per. Sec. 

Friendship Rebekah Degree Lodge, Xo. (j. — 
Elsie M. Fay, N. G. ; Ella M. Griffith, V. G. ; 
Kate C. Ward, Rec. Sec. ; Abby J. Roby, 
Treas. ; Carrie L. (jeer, F. Sec. 

Monadnock Encamjunent, No. 10. — Clinton 
( ollins, C. P. ; R. W. Ward, S. W. ; C. Pressler, 
H. P.; Walter W. Glazier, Scribe ; Sylvester 
Spaulding, Treasurer. 

United Order of the Golden Cross. 
— Keene Commandery, No. 90, and Ashuelot 
Council, No. 833, Royal Arcanum, are situated 

Independent Order of Good Temrears. 
— Refuge Lodge, No. 5!>, was organized Janu- 
ary 20, 1882. ' 

Keene Light Guard. — Company G.: Cap- 
tain, Francis O. Nims ; First Lieutenant, Edward 
P. Kimball; Second Lieutenant, Charles W. 
Starkey ; Sergeants, Charles E. Joslin, D. H. 
Dickinson, William H. Reyoum, E. O. Upham, 
C. H. ('lark. 

Company H. — Captain, George W '. Fisher; 
First Lieutenant, Jerry P. Wellman ; Second 
Lieutenant, Frank Chapman ; Sergeants, E. A. 
Shaw, F. E. Barrett, O. G. Nims, Sumner 

Battalion. — This organization was organized 
October 17, L 877, and comprises Companies G 
and H of the Second Regiment. The follow- 
ing are the officers of the Battalion: Com- 
mander, Lieutenant-Colonel Fred. A. Faulkner; 
Major, AIL. it W. Metcalf; Clerk, J. C. Reed ; 
Treasurer, Oscar G. Nims ; Executive Commit- 



tee, Frank Chapman, Jerry P. Wellman, E. M. 
I\<ycs; Committee on Anns, Equipments and 
and Uniforms, Captain G. W. Fisher, Cap- 
tain F. O. jVims, Lieutenant C. W. Starkey; 
Armorer, W. W. Ross. 

A Post of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public was organized herein 1868 ; reorganized 
January, 1880. L. W. Foskett, ( lommander: L. 
H. Starkey, Senior Vice-Commander ; Ambrose 
A. Stiles, Junior Vice-Commander; William 
W. Ross, Adjutant; L. D. Darling, Quarter- 
master ; H. W. Eastman, Officer of the Day ; 
J. S. Warner, Officer of the Guard ; Dr. G. B. 
Twitchell, Surgeon ; E. E. Bissell, Chaplain. 

Ancient Order of Hibernians was or- 
ganized April 5, 1874. 

Fire Department, 1885. — The officers are : 
Chief Engineer, George D. Wheelock ; Assist- 
ants, J. A. Batchelder, H. H. Barker, William 
H. Reyouni, C. L. Kingsbury, H. W. Harvey ; 
Clerk, C. L. Kingsbury. 

Keene Steamer and Hose Company, No. 1 . — E. 
S. Foster, captain ; H. H. Haynes, lieutenant ; 
J. P. Wellwan, foreman of hose ; G. H. Piper, 
engineer ; D. E. Ladd, assistant engineer ; H. 
W. Keyes, clerk ; M. V. B. Clark, treasurer. 

Deluge Hose Company, No. 1. — O. P. Applin, 
foreman ; Charles Balch, first assistant ; George 
F. Howe, second assistant ; Edward Stone, clerk; 
Charles G. Gilmore, secretary and treasurer; 
Fred. H. Towne, steward. 

Phcenix Hose Company, No. 4. — M. L. Lan- 
ders, foreman ; Wm. R. Wiggett, first assistant ; 
( 'harles S. Carkin, second assistant ; F. F. 
Stearns, clerk ; Frank P. Gaynor, secretary and 
treasurer ; F. N. Woods, steward. 

Washington Hook-and- Ladder Company, No. 
1. — Joseph E. Griffith, foreman ; George Blais- 
d< 11, first assistant ; E. A. Seaver, second assistant ; 
A. E. Fish, secretary and treasurer; Fred R. 
Smith, steward. 

Public Library. 1 — In the old " Annals of 
Keene," under date of 1815, we find this para- 

" We do not now stand apart from the rest of the 
world ; neither our position, nor the circumstances 
that surround us, present any features, grand, 
remarkable or romantic. . . . The deeds of our an- 

1 By Mrs. M. R. Osborne. 

cestors are interesting to us, not merely because they 
were the deeds of our ancestors, nor because they are 
viewed through the long vista of past time, but prin- 
cipally because they were performed by a few men of 
stout hearts and strong wills, amid perilous and re- 
markable circumstances ; and are appreciated by the 
vast importance of their consequences. Individuals 
are lost in the multitude, and a multitude excites no 

And what is true of individuals is also true 
of institutions, — they have a history interesting 
to none, perhaps, outside of their own immediate 
vicinity, and yet the annals of a town or county 
would be incomplete without this record. 
Hence, this sketch of the Keene Public Library. 

The Keene Public Library had its beginning 
in 1859 in a joint stock-company, represented 
and sustained by an association of stockholders, 
each holding one or more shares at five dollars 
per share, subject to assessment annually. An- 
nual subscribers, by the payment of two dollars, 
were entitled to all the privileges of the library. 

In 1859 bv-laws and a constitution were 
drawn up and subscribed to, as follows : 

" We, the undersigned, hereby associate ourselves 
together for the establishment of a library in Keene, 
under the corporate name of the ' Keene Public Li- 
brary,' agreeably to the preceding Constitution and 
By-Laws, for the objects and upon the conditions there- 
in expressed ; and we hereby adopt said Constitution 
and By-Laws as a part of our articles of agreement. 
And we further agree that our first meeting be held 
on the 3d day of May, 1859, at the Town Hall in 
Keene, at 7? o'clock P.M., and be organized as the 
majority shall decide. 

" Wm. P. Wheeler. Geo. Cook. 

Farnum F. Lane. D. H. Sawyer. 

Leonard Bisco. Edward A. Webb. 

Geo. B. Twitchell. Gilman Joslin. 

John Henry Elliot. Wm. Henry Thayer." 
William S. Briggs. 

At the first annual meeting of the stockhold- 
ers a board of twelve trustees was elected, c< in- 
sisting of the same persons, with the addition 
of John Bowker. George B. Twitchell was 
chosen chairman, and William H. Thayer sec- 
retary (whose duty it should be to prepare a 
catalogue), and Leonard Bisco librarian, "the 
Trustees agreeing to pay him the sum of fifty 
dollars for the use of the room and the care 
and delivery of books, including all the duties 
of Librarian for one year." 



"On the opening of the Library, Sept. 3d, 
the Secretary read a brief address, which the 
Board agreed to publish in the Newspapers, 
with some alterations." The first sum voted 
for books was one hundred dollars. At the 
first annual meeting, in May, the treasurer's re- 
port represented the sum of two hundred dol- 
lars. Of the twelve gentlemen elected trustees, 
only four have departed this life. Those who 
remain hale and hearty to-day are F. F. Lane, 
Rev. William (). White, William H.Thayer, 
M.D., John Henry Elliot, George Cook, John 
Bowker, William S. Briggs and George A. 

In 1.SG2 the following vote appears on the 
records : " Voted to appropriate two hundred 
and five dollars for the expenses of the ensuing 
year, — Ninety dollars for the purchase of 
hooks, Ninety dollars for the salary of Libra- 
rian and Twenty-five for rent, gas and inciden- 
tal expenses." 

Valuable gifts of books and public docu- 
ments were received from time to time. One 
hundred and fifteen dollars was the largest sum 
expended in any one year before the vote to 
transfer the library to the city, in 1875. A 
meeting was called September 19, 1S74, to hear 
the report of the committee previously chosen 
by the stockholders (consisting of William P. 
Wheeler, George A. Wheelock and F. S. Strat- 
ton) to confer with a committee chosen by the 
city, in relation to surrendering the shares of 
the stockholders to the city, and take any action 
deemed necessary to transfer the library and 
any other property of the association to the city. 
The committee chosen by the city were William 
Dinsinoor, Asa Smith (couneilmen), S. S. "Wil- 
kinson (alderman), with full authority to con- 
summate the transactions ; and on February 
1, 1874, F. S. Stratton and George A. Whee- 
lock, on the part of the association, and William 
Dinsmoor, on the part of the city, met and for- 
mally transferred the library to the city, under 
the following conditions and regulations, viz.: 
" The city shall furnish suitable apartments, and 
for five years shall expend the sum of not less 
than three hundred dollars, and after that a 
Mini of not lc>- than five hundred dollars, for 
the purchase and repair of books, until such 

time as the Library shall receive an income of 
not less than one thousand dollars per annum." 
flic city also voted to maintain " a free public 
library, which should be well equipped with 
standard, historical and general works, constitu- 
ting an armory in which our young men might 
furnish themselves weapons for the intellectual 
contests of the day, and every care should be 
exercised in its formation to guard its shelves 
strictly from worthless books." They also 
decreed that the joint standing committee should 
have charge and management of said Library, 
appoint a librarian and define his duties and 
make all such rules and regulations as they 
shall deem proper. Alderman Wilkinson and 
Couneilmen Dinsmoor and Smith constituted 
that committee, and leased the rooms of the 
Social Union, and the books recommended, 433 
in number, were purchased, which, with the 
2644 received from the association, made a total 
of 3077 volumes. The first librarian was Cy- 
rus Piper, who reported at the annual meeting 
valuable gifts of books, reports, public docu- 
ments, etc., and not a book lost during the 

In 1877 the city passed an ordinance "com- 
mitting the Library to a Board of Trustees 
consisting of six persons, three of whom may 
be ladies, and all to serve without compensa- 
tion, to be appointed as follows: two for one 
year, two for two years and two lor three 
years, and at the expiration of the term of 
office of each two, their successors shall be ap 
pointed for three years." William P. Cham- 
berlain, Mrs. H. M. Hatch, A. B. Hey wood, 
Mrs. M. R. Osborne, D. W. Gilbert and Mrs. 
E. J. C. Gilbert constituted the board of trus- 
tees, four of whom have remained on the board 
until the present time, and the librarian then, 
Miss Brooks, who succeeded her father after his 
decease, is still at her post. 

The mayor, in his review of the library the 
third year after its transfer to the city, depre- 
cated the fact " that so large a per cent, of the 
books read were fiction, revealing a frivolous 
taste prevailing in the community/' In 18*0 
the Keeiie Public Library became a member of 
the Library Association, and the trustees 
availed themselves of the valuable aid afforded 



thereby to increase the efficiency of their 
library. The lack of two things had been a 
hindrance to its growth and prosperity, viz. : a 
proper classification of books and a catalogue 
that would be a more complete guide in the 
finding of books. 

In 1881 a large, commodious and well- 
lighted room was provided by the city in City 
Hall Block, and the books were renumbered 
and classified, according to their subjects. A 
card-catalogue had also been completed, based 
upon the same plan, and containing copious ref- 
erences to the contents of books, and an exhaust- 
ive analysis of the subjects treated in them. A new 
method of keeping the record of books loaned 
and returned, has been adopted, which, in effici- 
ency and simplicity is much superior to the old 
ledger system, and lost books can be more easily 
traced. The book committee of three persons, 
chosen from the board of trustees, have always 
aimed to carry out the legitimate object of a pub- 
lic library — that of furnishing the means of in- 
struction and education, instead of amusement 
only, and have placed on the shelves works of an 
enduring character, such as should render it more 
valuable as it increases in size, instead of filling 
it with books of a sensational nature, which will 
become valueless when their short day has passed. 
Many valuable gifts have greatly enhanced the 
value of the library. And before closing this 
fragmentary sketch permit me to invite the 
citizens of our county, when visiting Keene for 
business or pleasure, to step into our Public 
Library, where our obliging and business-like 
librarian will show the admirable working of the 
card-catalogue (which cost days and months of 
continuous labor), where the anxious seeker after 
some missing-link, with which to complete his 
essay or discussion, is directed straight to the 
hidden truth or historical fact, and thus much 
valuable time is saved. Then, passing on to the 
Reference Department, pause and look over 
the table covered with the best magazines, and 
if it chance to be out of school hours, you will 
see pupils seated around it, not to read the 
stories, but to glean choice bits of knowledge 
from the excellent articles on science, biography 
and travel, contributed by master-minds in our 
own and foreign lands. 

But the grandest portion of our library is the 
solid books of reference and excellent maps and 
charts. Here you will find the members of our 
higher grades of school, with pencil and note- 
book in hand, carefully noting facts and dates 
to aid them in acquiring the liberal education 
which is the birthright of every child in Keene. 

One who has been abroad many years said, 
on returning here to his native city, " I find the 
beauty of Keene greatly enhanced by her fine 
public and private buildings, her broad streets 
beautified and arched by the spreading branches 
of her noble elms ; but the crowning gem to me 
is her Public Library, with its almost faultless 

But this " beginning," we trust, is only the 
earnest of the future Public Library of Keene, 
when, through the munificence of our late gen- 
erous citizen, John Symonds, supplemented by 
the aid of both of our citizens, a fire-proof build- 
ing, with its library hall filled with light alcoves, 
holding their precious treasures, its well- 
appointed reading-room, its art gallery and 
museum of natural history, when the fifty-five 
hundred volumes shall be multiplied, it may be 
five times, it may be ten, and who knows, but a 
hundred-fold ! 

The present board of trustees are AVilliam 
P. Chamberlain, Dexter W. Gilbert, Charles 
H. Hersey, Mrs. E. J. C. Gilbert, Miss Kate I. 
Tilden, Mrs. M. R. Osborne; Mrs. L. M. 
Converse, librarian ; Miss Z. B. Gilmore, as- 
sistant librarian. 

The Press. — The first newspaper in Keene 
was the New Hampshire Recorder and Weekly 
Advertiser, established by James D. Griffith in 
1787. This was continued until March 3, 

The New Hampshire Sentinel was established 
in March, 1799, by John Prentiss, who was 
connected with it nearly half a century. His 
son, John W., became associated with him in 
October, 1828, and the paper was conducted 
under the firm-name of J. & J. W. Prentiss 
until June 20, 1834, when John Prentiss again 
appears to be the sole proprietor. In 1838 the 
firm again became J. & J. W. Prentiss. In 
1847 J. W. Prentiss again assumed control, and 
soon after Alfred Godfrey became associated 



with its publication, under the name of J. W. 
Prentiss & Co. July b", 1855, the American 
News was united with the Sentinel, and the firm 
became A. Godfrey and G. S. Woodward. It 
was subsequently published by S. & G. S. 
Woodward; later by Thomas Hale, G. S. 
Woodward, Albert Godfrey and T. C. Rand. 
In July, 1865, the firm consisted of T. C. 
Rand, (J. S. Woodward and Oliver L. French. 
In 1866 it was issued by George Ticknor & 
Co. From December, 1866, to 1868, Mr. 
French was the sole proprietor. Mr. T. C. 
Eland then purchased an interest, and the Sentinel 
was conducted by Hand & French until Sep- 
tember, 1872, when C.J. Woodward purchased 
an interest, and the paper was then issued by 
the Sentinel Publishing Company, which name 
has continued to the present time. No further 
change appeared in the ownership of the paper 
until March, 1880, when Mr. William H. Pren- 
tiss became a member of the firm, and the Sentinel 
is now published by Messrs. Rand, Woodward 
and Prentiss, under whose able management 
it has taken front rank among the leading 
journals of the State. It is Republican in 

The Cheshire Republican, the leading Demo- 
cratic paper of Western New Hampshire, was 
established in Walpole, N. H., April 11, 1793, 
and removed to Keene November 14, LX28. It 
was originally called the Farmers' Museum. It 
has been successively published since its removal 
here by Nahum Stone, B. Cooke, H. A. Bill, 
Horatio Kimball, J. X. Morse and W.B.Allen, 
J. N. Morse, and Joshua 1). Colony & Sons. 
The Republican came into the possession of 
Colony & Sons in 1878 and atonce entered upon 
a prosperous era. They brought to the enterprise 
energy and ability, which soon became manifest. 
It is Democratic in politics and a fearless ex- 
ponent of the principles of that party. 

The following are obsolete publications : 
The Cheshire Advertiser, The Coluinbian In- 
former, The Rising Sun and the American News . 
The latter was merged with the Sentinel in 

The New England Observer was com- 
menced at White River Junction, Vt., January 
1, 1878, as The Republican Observer. Thomas 

Hale, a veteran journalist, was its founder, and 
he continued to be its editor and publisher un- 
til June, 1880, when the subscription-list and 
material was purchased by a stock company 
and removed to Keene, and the paper was re- 
christened the New England Observer. Mr. 
Hale remained as its editor until the following 
spring, when he was succeeded by H. L. In- 
maii, the manager, who has since filled both po- 
sitions. The New England Observer is Repub- 
lican in politics, but not in an organic sense, 
reserving the right at all times to believe that the 
good of all is preferable to the success of any 
party, when that party is clearly in the wrong. 

Keene ix 1831. — The first Directory of 
Keene was published in 1831, "with four 
original engraving-." This Directory contained 
the names of thirteen streets and about five 
hundred people. The business interests, etc., 
at that time were represented as follows : 

Apothecaries. — S. & H. Gerould, A. & T. Hall. 

Attorneys- at- Law. — Samuel Dinsinoor, Jr., Elijah 
Dunbar, Thomas M. Edwards, Elijah Parker, Joel 
Parker, James Wilson, James Wilson, Jr. 

Booksellers. — J. & J. W. Prentiss, Geo. Lincoln. 

Baptist Church. — Eev. E. Hale, pastor. 

First Congregational Church. — Rev. Z. S. Barstow, 
pastor; Elijah Carter, Thomas Fisher, C. H. Jaquith, 
Abijah Wilder, deacons. 

Keene Congregational Society. — Rev. T. R. Sullivan, 
pastor; Samuel Wood and Adolphus Wright, deacons. 

Engine Companies. — No. 1, John V. Wood, captain ; 
No. 2, J. B. Davis, captain. 

Insurance Agents. — Elijah Parker, Thomas M. Ed- 
wards, Justus Perry. 

Hotels. — Eagle Hotel, Stephen Harrington, proprie- 
tor; Phoenix Hotel, John Hatch, proprietor. 

Taverns. — Henry Goodenow, Abigail Metcalf, Josiah 
Sawyer, J. & R. Shelly and Samuel Streeter. 

Libraries. — Cheshire Athciueum, Cheshire Theolog- 
ical Institute, Juvenile Library, Keene Book Society, 
Circulating Library, School Library. 

Livery Stables. — Stilbnan French, T. E. Sears. 

Manufacturers. — Perry, Wheeler & Co., bottles ; 
Adams, Hohnan & Dutton, A. & T. Hull, potashes ; 
Adams, Holman & Dutton, window-glass. 

Baker. — Amos Wood. 

Blacksmiths. — Aaron Davis, J. Daniels, J. Towns, 
X. Wilder, J. Wilson, N. Wood. 

Book-Binder. — George Tilden. 

Brick-Maker — Thomas M. Edwards. 

Butchers. — Barker & McNiel. 

Carpenters. — Nathan Bassett, S. Crossfiehl, K. Cross- 
field, John Fitch, E. Newcomb, Jotham Parker, G. 
W. Sturdevant, John S. Thatcher. 



Chaise- Maker. — Thomas F. Ames. 

Clock-Maker. — Luther Smith. 

Clothiers. — Faulkner & Colony. 

Coopers. — Abel Angier, A. Dodge, Elisha Fassett, 
E. Hale, James Perry, Silas Perry. 

Glazier. — Walter Taylor. 

Gravestone- Maker. — Eliphalet Briggs. 

Gun-Maker — John C. Mason. 

Hair-Dresser. — Adolphus Wright. 

Hatter. — Dexter Anderson. 

Hoe-Makers. — Aaron Davis, Azel Wilder. 

Last-Maker. — C. H. Jaquith. 

Masons. — J. B. Davis, J. F. Locke, D. Marsh, J. 
Parker, C. Wilson. 

Millers. — T. Dwinell, Jr., Faulkner & Colony, E. 
Holbrook, Geo. Page. 

Milliners and Dress-Makers.— Jerusha Brown, Misses 
Dodge, Harriet Keyes, Jane N. Leonard, Eliza R. 

Millwrights. — Enos Holbrook, George Page, Aaron 
Willson, Jr. 

Morocco-Dressers. — Harington & King. 

Pail-Makers. — S. Perry, J. Willson. 

Painters. — Gideon Clark, Charles Ingalls, Walter 

Printers. — J. & J. W. Prentiss, N. Stone. 

Pump-Makers. — Page & Holman, Oliver Willson. 

Saddlery. — T. F. Ames, David Watson. 

Shingle- Maker. — George Page. 

Shoemakers. — Harington & King, C. H. Jaquith, 
Abijah Kingsbury. Wilson & Wade. 

Sleigh- Maker. — A. Wilder, Jr. 

Stone- Cutters. — A. Dickerson, J. Ellis. 

Tailors. — G. C. Dean, Montague & Wright, Mon- 
tague & Dinsmore. 

Tailoresses. — Mrs. Baker, Esther Page, Hannah 
Stiles, Mrs. Welden, Mary Wright. 

Tanners. — Harington & King, C. Larnson. 

Tinner. — J. P. Barber. 

Turners. — Page & Holman, A. Wilder. 

Jewelers. — J. Corbett, S. & H. Gerould, J. H. Pond, 
J. Ridgeway. 

Wheel-Bead Maker.— A. Wilder. 

Wheelwright. — C. P. Perkins. 

Music and Musical Instruments. — George Tilden. 

Newspapers. — The Farmer's Museum, Xahum Stone, 
editor; New Hampshire Sentinel, J. & J. W. Prentiss, 
circulation, 1150. 

Physicians. — Charles G. Adams, J. B. Dousman, 
Amos Twitchell. 

Saw-Mills.— Thomas Dwinell, Jr., Faulkner & Col- 
ony, Perry & Angier, J. Perry. George Page, Caleb 

The selectmen for this year were Eliphalet 
Briggs, Henry Coolidge and Thomas Thomp- 
son ; Eliphalet Briggs, clerk ; William Dins- 
more, postmaster ; Representatives, Aaron Hall 
and James Wilson, Jr. 

There were fourteen school districts, with six- 
teen teachers and seven hundred and sixty-eight 
scholars. The school money raised was thir- 
teen hundred and fifty dollars. The enterpris- 
ing business men, as evidenced by the adver- 
tisements in this pioneer Directory, were Thomas 
F. Ames, George Tilden, John C. Mason, 
Abijah Kingsbury, Adams, Holman & Dutton, 
Lamson & Dutton, A. & T. Hall, Evans & 
Perkins, Montague & Dinsmoor, Perry, Wheeler 
& Co., S. & H. Gerould and J. & J. W. Pren- 
tiss. It contained a view of the Congregational 
Church, Unitarian Church, Phoenix and Eagle 

Post-Office. — The late Hon. Salma Hall, 
while compiling his "Annals of Keene," wrote 
to the Post-Office Department at Washington 
in relation to the first post-office in this town, 
and received the following letter in reply : 

"Owing to the destruction of a large part of the 
books and papers of the Department, by the fire of 
1836, we have no means of giving satisfactory answers 
to the inquiries contained in your letter of the 5th 
inst. We are enabled, however, to state positively 
that, in the early part of 1795, Asa Bullard was the 
Postmaster at Keene, N. H. (then spelt Keen). His 
account, rendered for the quarter (or part of the 
quarter, possibly) ending 31st March, 1795, shows 
that the net proceeds of the office for that quarter 
amounted to $1.36. The next quarter, it appears, 
they came up to $4.49. By the Auditor's records, 
which go back to 1775, it does not appear that any 
account, prior to the above, was opened with the 
office at Keene. From this circumstance, and the fact 
that Keene is not mentioned in the list of offices 
(about two hundred in number, and believed to be all 
then in operation in the United States), to which a 
circular of the Postmaster-General was sent, under 
date of 18th June, 1792, it seems very probable that 
Asa Bullard was the first Postmaster of Keene, and 
that he was appointed some time in the first quarter 
of 1795, or, possibly, in the latter part of 1794. 

" It appears, by a copy of a letter from the First 
Assistant Postmaster-General to Jeremiah Libbey, 
Esq., Postmaster of Portsmouth, N. H, dated 16th 
Sept., 1794, that ' Ozias Silsby's proposal for carrying 
the mail from Boston to Keen' had then just been ac- 
cepted ; and contracts were enclosed for execution. 
It is not stated when the contract was to go into oper- 
ation, nor how frequently the mail was to be conveyed. 
It seems that the route to Keene was by the way of 
Portsmouth ; and it is not probable that the service 
beyond Portsmouth was oftener than once a week, 
because it appears that, in winter, it was at that time 
but twice a week between Boston and Portsmouth. 



How long the mail was in passing between the two 
places (Boston and Keene) we have not, from any of 
the existing records, been able to ascertain." l 

Tin-: Kino's Cannon. — At the term of the 
Superior Court held in Keene in October, 1807, 
came on the trial of a prosecution instituted by 
the inhabitants of Walpole against certain citi- 
zens of Keene " for taking and carrying aw ay, 
in the night-time, a piece of ordnance of the 
value of two hundred dollars, the property of 
said town of Walpole." 

For the better understanding of this matter, 
it is necessary to go back to a remote period of 
our history. In the early settlement of the 
country, on Connecticut River, four forts were 
erected on its banks, and each was supplied by 
His Majesty", the King of England, with a large 
iron cannon. These forts were numbered — that 
at Chesterfield being No. 1, that at Westmore- 
land No. -, that at Walpole No. 3 and that at 
( "harlestown No. 4. These cannons remained in 
those several towns after the achievement of 
our independence, were prized as trophies of 
victory, and made to speak in triumphant tones 
mi every Fourth of July and other days of 
public rejoicings. Their reports sounded to the 
inhabitants of the adjoining towns as exulting 
claims to superiority, they having no such 
trophies to speak for them. That at Walpole was 
left unguarded in the Main Street. In the 
spring of this year a citizen of Keene, then a 
youth, but since distinguished in the service of 
his country, having received an elegant sword 
for his gallant defense, in the War of 1812, of 

1 It lias been ascertained that Asa Bullard was an officer 
in the Revolutionary War — probably a captain, for he was 
so styled when he first, came to Keene. While here he re- 
ceived an appointment in the militia which gave him the 
rank of major, and he was afterwards known as Major 
Bullard. He resided and kept the post-office in the rough- 
ca»i house formerly occupied by Elijah Dunbar, and now 
by Joshua Wyman. He afterwards removed to Walpole 
and kept tavern there; and it was at his house thai for 
some time t he club of scholars and wits, who made them- 
selves and the Farmers' Museum famous throughout the 
country, by their lucubrations, and consisted of Joseph 
Dennie, afterwards editor of Portfolio, at Philadelphia, 
Royal Tyler, afterwards chief justice of Vermont, Samuel 
Hunt ami Roger Vose, both afterwards members of Con- 
gress, Samuel West and others, held their periodical sym- 

Fort Covington, near Baltimore, arranged a 
party who repaired to Walpole in the night, 
took possession of the cannon and brought it in 
triumph to Keene. 

The whole population of Walpole were in- 
dignant at being deprived, in this way, of their 
valued trophy, and determined to appeal to the 
laws to recover it. Several attempts to arrest 
the offenders proved abortive, but this only 
added to their zeal. A respectable citizen of 
Walpole was sent to aid the sheriff. Knowing 
that he whom they most wished to secure con- 
cealed himself whenever apprized that the officer 
was visible, they lay in ambush for him in the 
swamps south and west of his father's residence. 
It happened that Dr. Adams was at this time 
gunning, as was his frequent habit, in the same 
grounds. He saw them, and knowing that they 
saw him, he walked hurriedly away. They fol- 
lowed; he hastened his walk, they theirs, until 
the walk became a run, and the run a race. His 
knowledge of the minute topography of the place 
enabled him to take such direction as might best 
suit his purpose. Methinks I see him now, 
lightly springing from hassock to hassock, from 
turf to log, now and then looking back, with 
face sedate and eagle eye, to see how his pur- 
suers sped. By turning and winding he led 
them into a bog, and gained distance while they 
were struggling to gain firm foothold. They 
outran him, however, and arrested him at his 
door; but were soon convinced they had not 
caught the right man, and returned, not the less 
irritated, to Walpole. 

Several of the delinquents were at length 
arrested and brought to trial. The court (Chief 
Justice Smith, afterwards Governor, presiding) 
decided that the said cannon was not the prop- 
erty of the said town of Walpole, and the de- 
fendants were discharged. It was immediately 
drawn near the court-house, loaded and fired. 
"May it please your honor," said Counselor 
Vose, "the case is already reported. 1 ' 

This was the year in which the sufferings 
from the Embargo exasperated a large portion 
of the people of New England. It is worthy 
of note that the selectmen of Keene, on being 
legally requested so to do, called a meeting of 
the qualified voters of the town " to take into 



consideration the present alarming situation of 
our country, to express our sentiments thereon 
and to adopt such measures for a redress of 
grievances as shall be thought expedient." It 
was the practice in Revolutionary times for towns 
to resolve and even act in their corporate capa- 
city in relation to public affairs ; but the in- 
stances have been few in which they have so 
done since the adoption of the Constitution of the 
United States. This instance is not now men- 
tioned to censure it. It might be attended with 
many good results if all the citizens of a town 
were to be called together occasionally to dis- 
cuss public measures. At such meeting all 
parties might be heard, and argument be com- 
bated by argument. At this meeting several 
resolutions were adopted, but no measures were 
determined on. 

The irritation of the people of Walpole at 
the loss of their valued trophy, or more, per- 
haps, at the manner in which they had been de- 
prived of it, continued unabated ; and they de- 
termined to take redress into their own hands. 
They had been informed that the cannon was 
concealed in a granary, in a back store, on the 
south side of West Street, near Main Street. On 
the evening of the 4th of July a plot was ar- 
ranged to regain possession of it. A confederate 
(a stage-driver) was sent immediately to Keene, 
in a huge stage-wagon, to gain information and 
take measures to facilitate the execution of the 
project. He ascertained that it was concealed in 
the place mentioned, bargained for some grain, 
and, at his suggestion, was allowed to take 
the key, that he might get the grain very 
early in the morning without disturbing 
the clerks. Returning immediately, he met on 
their way a cavalcade of about thirty, mostly 
young men, commanded by a military officer of 
high rank, and made his report. They left 
their horses in the cross-road, then fringed with 
bushes, leading from Court Street to Washing- 
ton Street, and in a few minutes entered the 
granary. The first motion of the cannon, 
the night being still, made a terrific 
noise. The town bell was rung and an alarm of 
fire was raised. The men in the granary la- 
bored for a time without success, and almost 
without hope. Outside, men were seen skulk- 

ing behind buildings and flitting from corner 
to corner. At length, by a desperate effort, 
it was lifted into the wagon, and the team 
hurried towards Walpole. At break of day 
they were welcomed home by the ringing of the 
bell and by the applause of a crowd awaiting in 
anxiety the return of their fellow-townsmen. 

In the mean time a large number of the 
citizens of Keene mounted their horses and pur- 
sued the returning party ; but fortunately they 
took the wrong road, and thus a desperate con- 
flict was avoided. A report was current, at the 
time, that they took the wrong road by design ; 
but this was pronounced a base and baseless 

But the history of the King's cannon is not 
yet complete. It was soon afterwards furtively 
taken by a body of men from Westminster, 
Vt., to be used jn celebrating the Declaration of 
Independence ; and was retaken, on a sudden on- 
set, by a large body of men from Walpole, the 
selectmen at their head, while actually iu use 
for that purpose. It was afterwards taken by 
men from Alstead, and report says that it was, 
after that, appropriated by an iron founder and 
transmuted into implements of husbandry. 

Manufacturing Interests. — The Faulk- 
ner & Colony woolen-mill is one of the oldest es- 
tablishments of its kind in the State. The entire 
production of this mill is flannel. The founders 
of this interest have long since passed away, and 
the business is now conducted by their descend- 

The Keene Furniture Company was estab- 
lished in 1868. This company employs about 
one hundred hands. Its principal owner is 
Edward Joslin ; F. L. Sprague and C. L. 
Kingsbury are the managers of the business. 
The works are located in the Hope Steam Mill 
Company's buildings. 

The Cheshire Chair Company is also located 
in the buildings of the Hope Steam Mill Com- 
pany. It was organized January 1, 1869, and 
at present consists of Edward and C. E. Joslin 
and George W. McDuffee. The Keene Chair 
Company is also a large establishment, at South 
Keene, of which Hon. S. W. Hale is president. 

The celebrated "Clipper " mowing-machine is 
manufactured at South Keene. Among other 



manufacturers are Nims, Whitney & Co., manu- 
facturers of sash, doors and blinds ; C. N. Tot- 
tingham A: Co., manufacturers of sleighs. 
J. & F. French, manufacture the Keene sleigh. 
This business was commenced in 1839. AYil- 
kinson& McGregor manufacture the celebrated 
Keene harness. The Humphrey Machine Com- 
pany manufactures the I X L turbine water- 
wheel. A wheel costing ten thousand dollars was 
made at this establishment, in 1884, for a Low- 
ell mill; pottery (J. S. Taft & Co.), brick, 
paint-brushes, impervious cans, etc., are also 
manufactured here. The Hope Steam Mill 
( 'oiiipany. in addition to supplying power for 
other manufacturers, manufactures pails, tubs, 
etc.; John Simons, tannery; Frank E. Foster, 
tannery; Morse Bros., soap-works; Upham's 
glue works. 

Mkmhers of Congress. — Keene has fur- 
nished six members of Congress : Peleg Sprague, 
Samuel Dinsmoor, Sr., Joseph Buffum, Salma 
Hale, James Wilson, Jr., and Thomas McKay 

Governors. — Samuel Dinsmoor and his son, 
Samuel Dinsmoor, Jr., 1 have been the only Gov- 
ernors elected from Keene until 1882. In that 
year Samuel W. Hale was elected Governor. 

War of the Rebellion. — The first war- 
meeting was held in Keene April 20, 1861. The 
meeting was called to order by Hon. Levi 
Chamberlain, and the following officers were 
chosen: President, ex-Governor Samuel Dins- 
moor; Vice-Presidents, ex-Governor William 
llaile, Colonel David Buffum, Captain J. S. 
Adams, William P. Wheeler, Colonel Benjamin 
Read, Colonel T. A. Barker, F. A. Faulkner 
and Hon. Jacob Taylor; Secretaries, George H. 
Tilden and A. S. Whitcomb. 

This meeting was an enthusiastic one, and one 
of the resolutions adopted at its close was "that 
we will encourage ami sustain, with our approval 
and sympathy, and also with ' material aid,' 

1 Levi Chamberlain of the Cheshire bar, was at one time 
the opposing candidate of the latter. Mr. Chamberlain, 
well knowing that in Keene the men of his own political 
stripe preponderated, playfully suggested, with his charac- 
teristic mirth, that t<> avoid putting the State to so much 
trouble, Mr, Dinsmoor and he had best " leave the case 
nut " to the decision of the friends and neighbors by whom 
they were best known. 

those citizens of our county who shall enroll 
themselves as soldiers in response to the recent 
call of the Governor." And most thoroughly 
was this resolution carried out. Keene respond- 
ed promptly to the call of her imperiled country. 
Rev. William Orne White, in speaking of 
this " war-meeting," in the admirable address 
delivered by him in Keene, July 4, 1876, 
says — 

" Tt was a memorable scene, when, in the sunlight 
of the afternoon of May 20th, 1861, the late Ex-Gov- 
ernor Dinsmoor stood upon the platform erected for 
the occasion, on Central Square, and, in presence of 
a multitude, said, as he introduced to them Hon. 
James Wilson, still happily spared to us (both deco- 
rated with the red, white and blue) : ' Amid the gen- 
eral gloom which pervades the community there is 
yet one cause for congratulation, — that we at last see 
a united North.' Representing different political or- 
ganizations, these honored men served to typify the 
patriotism, which, in that trying hour, fused so many 
hearts in one. How the women, moved with a com- 
mon purpose, toiled week alter week, year after year, 
in connection with the ' Soldiers' Aid Society,' or to 
help the benevolent work of the United States Sani- 
tary Commission ! - How like romance sound some 
of the surprises caused by the handicraft of the New 
Hampshire women. 3 A Dublin soldier-boy, in his 
distant hospital, gains strength to scan the names in- 
scribed upon his album-quilt, and is strangely stirred 
as the names grow more and more familiar, until at 
last he sees the handwriting of his own mother. 

" As we recall those memorable days, how that com- 
pany of the Second Regiment, moving forth from our 
railroad station, at the signal of prayer, comes back to 
our minds, and those tents of the New Hampshire 
Sixth, as for weeks together they whitened the plains 
beyond the Ashuelot ! How shall I speak of the cour- 
age, the patience, the devotion of sueh nun '.' I aban- 
don the attempt. In summer and winter, week in and 
week out, they have their perpetual orator. There 
he stands in brazen panoply of armor ! If you have 
never heeded him, you will not heed me! But in 

2 So early as March 1 1, 1862, the town votes three thou- 
sand dollars for the relief of wives, children or parents of 

8 After the subsidence of the war five hundred dollars 
a year were paid l>y a combination of persons in the va- 
rious religious societies, for two or three years, to the 
" Keene Freedinan's Aid Society.'' The "Ladies' Charita- 
ble Society " unites, as it has for many years, the sympa- 
thies of all the parishes. The "Invalids' Home " was 
founded chiefly by the aid of the "Keene Congregational 
(or Unitarian) Society, " its chief benefactor being the late 
Charles Wilson, who left to the Home the sum of one thou- 
sand dollars. 



his meditative attitude, to me he speaks, uot wholly 
of the storm-cloud of battle, nor of freedom dawning 
upon millions of a once enslaved race ; he seems to 
dream, besides, of brighter days for his country, days 
when ' men shall beat their swords into ploughshares, 
and their spears into pruning-hooks, nation shall not 
lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn 
war any more.' The time shall come when no living 
tongue among their comrades shall be left to tell of 
Lane and Leverett, of Metcalf and Flint, Crossfield 
and Rugg, and Howard and Cheney, and their asso- 
ciates, who returned, not alive, to the dear old home ! 
One by one, all who bore part in the gigantic contest 
shall have passed onward. Yet even then, God grant 
that those silent lips may speak eloquently to the fu- 
ture dwellers in this happy valley, of those sons of 
Keene who, in behalf of their country, presented 'their 
bodies a living sacrifice.' " 

The record of Keene during the War of the 
Rebellion is one in which her citizens may justly 
feel a patriotic pride. Captain Henry C. Han- 
derson recruited the first volunteers. The first 
company raised became Company G of the First 
Regiment, A. J. Sargent, captain. The follow- 
ing companies also went out from Keene : Com- 
pany A, Second Regiment, T. A. Barker, cap- 
tain ; Company F, Fifth Regiment, H. T. H. 
Pierce, captain ; Company E, Sixth Regiment, 
O. G. Do'rt, captain ; Company I, Ninth Regi- 
ment, John W. Babbitt, captain ; Company G, 
Fourteenth Regiment, Solon A. Carter, captain. 
A portion of Company K, Third Regiment, was 
also from Keene. 

The Sixth Regiment was organized at Keene, 
commanded by Colonel Nelson Converse, and 
later by ( 'olouel S. G. Griffin, afterwards major- 
general. A portion also of Company K, Third 
Regiment, was from this town. 

The following is the roll of honor : 

Captain Henry N. Metcalf, killed at Gettysburg. 

A. W. Heaton, died of wounds, May 25, 1862. 

William H. Hookins, died of wounds, July 25, 

G. H. Muchmore, first lieutenant, killed at second 
battle of Bull Run. 

J. H. Jenks, sergeant-major, killed at Cedar Creek, 
October 19, 1864. 

Edward E. Sturdevant, major, killed at Fredericks- 

Henry Holton, died March 17, 1863. 

John A. Drummer, died December 9, 1861. 

John G. Darling, died. 

Henry White, died December 9, 1861. 

C. C. Cheney, died February 26, 1862. 

Henry Flint, died October 16, 1862. 

George W. Marsh, drowned August 31, 1862. 

Henry Sprague, died August 17, 1863. 

C. D. Chase, died July 20, 1863. 

F. J. Leverett, died October 2, 1863. 

E. J. Perham, died October 26, 1862. 

C. E. Towns, died February 20, 1865. 

N. T. Dunn, died September 8, 1864. 

L. M. Parker, died June 20, 1865. 

Edwin Marvin, died December 15, 1862. 

E. F. Dickinson, died of wounds, June 17, 1864. 

H. W. Willard, died March 3, 1865. 

Charles J. Wilder, killed October 13, 1864. 

Soldiers' Monument. — The first move- 
ment for the erection of a soldiers' memorial in 
Keene was started in 1868, when two thousand 
dollars was voted for the purpose, and a build- 
ing committee chosen. In August, 1870, an 
additional sum of five thousand dollars was 
voted, and a committee of five chosen to erect 
upon Central Square such a monument as they 
should think best. 

The monument stands at the extreme south 
end of the park in Central Square, facing the 
south. It was designed by Martin Milmore, of 
Boston, and was cast by the Ames Manufactur- 
ing Company, of Chicopee, Mass. 

It consists of a bronze figure of a soldier, eight 
feet in height, standing at rest; the butt of the 
musket is placed upon the ground, and, passing 
up between the right arm and the body, is sup- 
ported by the right hand, which is raised to- 
wards the shoulder and grasps the piece in a firm 
but pliant manner. 

The figure rests principally upon the right 
leg, while the left is advanced to an easy posi- 
tion, giving balance and repose to the whole. 

The drapery is that of a common soldier in 
the late war, including the overcoat, which was 
so useful in active service, and which now serves 
so admirably as a foil to the stiffness of the or- 
dinary costume and gives to the figure something 
of the grace necessary to a work of art. The 
pose of the figure is easy, at the same time firm 
and commanding. The countenance ex- 
presses that clear intelligence and sterling com- 
mon sense which distinguishes the true American 
volunteer, and the whole aspect of the statue is 
that of the courageous, ready, firm and patriotic 
citizen-soldier. The figure stands upon a pedestal 



of Roxbury granite, composed of the following 
sections : 

A lower base, seven and one-half feet square 
and fifteen inches high ; second base, six feet 
two inches square and eighteen inches high ; 
third base, five feet four inches square and nine 
inches high; fourth base, four feet ten inches 
square and twelve inches high. On these four 
bases rest the die, which is four feet square by 
five feet eight inches in height ; the whole sur- 
mounted by a cap, five feet four inches square 
and eighteen inches thick. On the south of the 
die is a bronze tablet, forty-eight by thirty-three 
inches, bearing the following inscription : 

" Keene will cherish in perpetual honor the mem- 
ory of her sons who fought for liberty and the integ- 
rity of the Republic. 

" The honor of the heroic dead is the inspiration of 

The entire height of the pedestal is twelve 
feei ten inches, and the total height of the pedes- 
tal and statue twenty feet ten inches. Surround- 
ing the monument, and distant from it ten feet, 
is a granite curbing. 

The monument was dedicated October 20, 1871, 
amid a large concourse of people. Many distin- 
guished guests were also present, among whom 
were ( ieneral Kilpatrick, General Garfield, Gov- 
ernor Weston and staff, Mr. Mil more, of Boston, 
and others. The introductory address of the day 
was delivered by Major-General S. G. Griffin, 
who was president of the day. The presentation 
address was delivered by Dr. Geo. B. Twitchell, 
and Mr. Geo. H. Gilbert, chairman of the Board 
of Selectmen, responded with an address of accept- 
ance. The oration was delivered by General 
Judson Kilpatrick. Remarks were also made 
by Governor Weston, Senator Patterson, General 
Garfield, Colonel Carroll D. Wright, Martin 
Milmore, Hon. Thomas M. Edwards, Hon. Ho- 
sea Parker, ( ieneral Natt. Head, General M. T. 
Donahue and Hon. Peter Sanborn. 

PHYSICIANS. — The following physicians have 
practiced in this town : Dr. Daniel Adams, Amos 
Twitchell, Chas. E. Adams, (sonof Dr. Daniel), 
Jos. Wheeler, Thaddeus Met 'arty, Daniel Hough, 

J. B. Douseman, George B. Twitchell, 

Smith, J. F. Jenison, Thos. B. Kitteredge, Dr. 

Cole, A. S. Carpenter, H. H. Darling, Ira 
Prouty, Wm. Geddes (deceased), Wm. R. Dur- 
ham, Geo. W. Flagg, I. J. Prouty, Dr. G. C. 
Hill, Mrs. G. C. Hill, G. H. Bridgman, S. M. 
Dinsmoor, A. B. Thurston and J. H. Leach. 

City of Keene. — The first meeting of the 
legal voters of Keene for the choice of city and 
ward officers was held on the second Tuesday 
in April, 1874, when the following officers 
were elected; and on the 5th day of May fol- 
lowing were duly clothed with administrative 



Mayor : Horatio Colony. 

Aldermen: Ward 1, Horatio Kimball; Ward 2, 
Edward Farrar ; Ward 3, Hon H. Woodward ; Ward 
4, Francis C. Faulkner ; Ward 5, Reuben Stewart. 

City Clerk: Henry S. Martin. 

President Common Council : Henry H. Darling. 

Councilmen : Ward 1, Alanson S. Whitcomb, Fran- 
cis French, Franklin J.Ware; Ward 2, Henry H. 
Darling, Miles S. Buckminster, George W. Holbrook ; 
Ward 3, Joseph K. Beal, James W. Dodge, Nathan 
G. Woodbury; Ward 4, Frederick H. Kingsbury, 
Leander W. Cummings, Charles N. Wilder ; Ward 5, 
William Dinsmoor, Oscar J. Howard, Horace Ham- 



Mayor : Horatio Colony. 

Aldermen : Ward 1, Solon S. Wilkinson ; Ward 2, 
Edward Farrar ; Ward 3, Joseph R. Beal ; Ward 4, 
William P. Abbott ; Ward 5, Reuben Stewart. 

City Clerk : Frank H. Starkweather. 

President Common Council : Frederick H. Kings- 

Councilmen : Ward 1, Francis A. Perry, Asa Fair- 
banks, William L. Davis ; Ward 2, George W. Hol- 
brook, Miles S. Buckminster, Asa Smith ; Ward 3, 
Allen Giffin, William H. Knowlton, Daniel H. Saw- 
yer; Ward 4, Charles N. Wilder, Frederick H. 
Kingsbury, Charles Shrigley ; Ward 5, William Dins- 
moor, Reuben Hyland, Horace Hamblett. 


Mayor: Edward Farrar. 

Aldermen: Ward 1, Solon S. Wilkinson; Ward 2, 
Thomas E. Hatch ; Ward 3, Joseph R. Beal ; Ward 

4, William P. Abbott; Ward 5, Henry S. Martin. 
City Clerk : Frank H. Starkweather. 1 
President Common Council : Charles Shrigley. 
Councilmen: Ward 1, Francis A. Perry, Asa Fair- 
banks, Samuel O. Gates; Ward 2, Asa Smith, Oren 

5. Gleason, Warren W. Mason ; Ward 3, William H. 

1 City Clerk Starkweather having died in office June 1st, 
Lucius C. Doolittle was elected to fill the place August 8th 



Knowlton, Daniel H. Sawyer, William P. Chamber- 
lain; Ward 4, Charles Shrigley, Josiah M. Wood- 
ward, Gardner C. Hill ; Ward 5, Horace Hamblett, 
Reuben Hyland, Edward C. Thayer. 


Mayor : Edward Farrar. 

Aldermen : Ward 1, George W. Ball ; Ward 2, 
Thomas E. Hatch ; Ward 3, Ira F. Prouty ; Ward 4, 
George H. Tilden ; Ward 5, Henry S. Martin. 

City Clerk : Lucius C. Doolittle. 

President Common Council : Gardner C. Hill. 

Councilmen : Ward 1, Benjamin D. Hutchins, 
James S. Taft, Luther Starkey ; Ward 2, Warren W. 
Mason, Oren S. Gleason, Orlen D. Pratt ; Ward 3, 
William P. Chamberlain, Jason French, Harvey 
Phillips ; Ward 4, Josiah M. Woodward, Gardner C. 
Hill, Joseph Wilson ; Ward 5, Edward C. Thayer, 
Frederick E. Robinson, George F. Sanborn. 


Mayor : Reuben Stewart. 

Aldermen: Ward 1, George W. Ball; Ward 2, 
George K. Wright ; Ward 3, Ira F. Prouty ; Ward 4, 
George F. Tilden ; Ward 5, Edward C. Thayer. 

City Clerk : Lucius C. Doolittle. 

President Common Council : James S. Taft. 

Councilmen : Ward 1, Benjamin D. Hutchins, 
James S. Taft, Daniel R. Cole; Ward 2, James C. 
Whittle, Orlen D. Pratt, John W. Nye; Ward 3, 
Charles A. Gale, Jason French, Harvey Phillips; 
Ward 4, Norris G. Gurnsey, Jehiel Haflow, Joseph 
Wilson ; Ward 5, George F. Sanborn, Cheever P. 
Felch, Laton Martin. 


Mayor : Reuben Stewart. 

Aldermen : Ward 1, Horatio Kimball ; Ward 2, 
George K. Wright; Ward 3, Jason French ; Ward 4, 
Norris G. Gurnsey ; Ward 5, Luther P. Alden. 

City Clerk : Lucius C. Doolittle. 

President Common Council : Charles A. Gale. 

Councilmen : Ward 1, Charles F. Wilson, Franklin 
J. Ware, Fred. A. Barker; Ward 2, James C. Whittle, 
John W. Nye, Caleb Goodnow ; Ward 3, Charles A. 
Gale, Clark N. Chandler, Albert O. Fisk ; Ward 4, 
Jehiel Harlow, Dexter W. Gilbert, Warren O. Wil- 
son ; Ward 5, Cheever P. Felch, Laton Martin, James 
H. Smith. 


Mayor : Horatio Kimball. 

Aldermen : Ward 1, Charles F. Wilson ; Ward 2, 
Cyrus Piper ; Ward 3, Jason French ; Ward 4, Norris 
G. Gurnsey ; Ward 5, Edward B. Tarbell. 

City Clerk: Lucius C. Doolittle. 

President Common Council : Dexter W. Gilbert. 

Councilmen : Ward 1, Hiram Blake, James 
Spencer, Milton M. Parks ; Ward 2, Jerry P. Well- 
man, James W. Russell, Charles W. Buckminster ; 

Ward 3, Albert O. Fisk, George W. McDuffee, James 
H. Fisher ; Ward 4, Dexter W. Gilbert, George H. 
Richards, Charles W. Shedd ; Ward 5, James H. 
Smith, Sylvanus A. Morse, Henry S. Coulliard. 


Mayor : Ira W. Russell. 

Aldermen : Ward 1, Charles F. Wilson ; Ward 2, 
Cyrus Piper ; Ward 3, George W. McDuffee ; Ward 
4, Dexter W. Gilbert ; Ward 5, Luther P. Alden. 

City Clerk : Lucius C. Doolittle. 

President Common Council : George H. Richards. 

Councilmen : Ward 1, Milton M. Parks, James 
Spencer, Rufus Freeman ; Ward 2, Jerry P. Well- 
man, James W. Russell, Henry W. Nims ; Ward 3, 
James H. Fisher, Clark N. Chandler, Austin E. 
Howard ; Ward 4, George H. Richards, Charles W. 
Shedd, Zebina K. Graves ; Ward 5, Stephen L. Ran- 
dall, De Los C. Ball, Henry S. Coulliard. 


Mayor : Ira W. Russell. 

Aldermen : Ward 1, Ralph J. Holt ; Ward 2, George 
B. Twitchell ; Ward 3, George W. McDuffee ; Ward 
4, Dexter W. Gilbert ; Ward 5, Luther P. Alden. 

City Clerk : Lucius C. Doolittle. 

President of Common Council : Stephen L. Ran- 

Councilmen : Ward 1, Rufus Freeman, Albert W. 
Shelden, Edwin M. Bullard ; Ward 2, Henry W. 
Nims, George L. Burdett, Charles L. Johnson ; Ward 

3, Clark N. Chandler, Austin E. Howard", Charles 
Bridgman ; Ward 4, Zebina K. Graves, Clement J. 
Woodward, Charles H. Hersey ; Ward 5, Stephen L. 
Randall, De Los C. Ball, Henry S. Coulliard. 


Mayor : Horatio Kimball. 

Alderman : Ward 1, Silas Hardy ; Ward 2, George 
L. Burdett; Ward 3, George E. Holbrook; Ward 4, 
Frederick H. Kingsbury ; Ward 5, Reuben Hyland. 

City Clerk : Lucius C. Doolittle. 

President of Common Council: Charles H. Her- 

Councilmen : Ward 1, James Marsh, Clark F. 
Rowell, Daniel C. Howard ; Ward 2, Walter W. Gla- 
zier, Asa M. Holt, Franklin H. Fay ; Ward 3, Austin 
E. Howard, Virgil A. Wright, Henry A. Stone ; 
Ward 4, Clement J. Woodward, Charles H. Hersey, 
Charles Wright ; Ward 5, Leonard Wright, Marcus 
Ellis, Frederick A. Barker. 


Mayor: Horatio Kimball. 

Aldermen : Ward 1, Daniel C. Howard ; Ward 2, 
George L. Burdett ; Ward 3, Henry N. Stone ; Ward 

4, Frederick H. Kingsbury ; Ward 5, Reuben Hy- 

City Clerk : Lucius C. Doolittle. 

President of Common Council : Virgil A. Wright. 



Councilmen : Ward 1, M. V. B. Clark, Charles S. 
Coburn, Harrison R. Ward ; Ward 2, William E. Bur- 
dett, Franklin H. Fay, John Gould ; Ward 3, Henry 
Giffin, Albert A. Woodward, Virgil A. Wright ; Ward 
4, Charles Wright, Abel E. Johnson, Charles Abbott 
(2d) ; Ward 5, Frederick A. Barker, William H. El- 
liot, Parker C. Butler. 


Mayor: Alfred T. Batchelder. 

Aldermen : Ward 1, Daniel C. Howard ; Ward 2, 
Franklin H. Fay; Ward 3, Solomon F. Merrill; 
Ward 4, Caleb T. Buffum ; Ward 5, De Los C. Ball. 

City Clerk: Samuel Nims. 

President of Common Council : Charles S. Coburn. 

Councilmen : Ward 1, Charles S. Coburn, M. V. B. 
Clark, Harrison R. Ward ; Ward 2, John Gould, Syl- 
vester Spaulding, Charles R. Nims ; Ward 3, Albert 
A. Woodward, Henry Giffin, Charles Wright (2d); 
Ward 4, Joshua D. Stevens, Samuel A. Gerould, Jr., 
Henry M. Nims ; Ward 5, Parker C. Butler, Henry 0. 
Spaulding, Lester K. Styles. 

City Solicitor : John T. Abbott, 

City Treasurer : Henry O. Coolidge. 

City Marshal : Edwin R. Locke. 

Constables : Edwin O. Keith and Edwin R. Locke. 

City Messenger : Edwin O. Keith. 

Police Justice : Edward Farrar. 

City Physician : Gardner C. Hill. 

Sexton : Henry Purcell. 

Superintendent of Water- Works and Sewers: D. H. 

Superintendent of Highways : Elmer A. Nims. 

Librarian : Mrs. Lizzie M. Converse. 

Assistant : Miss Zeolide B. Gilmore. 

Trustees of Public Library : D. W. Gilbert, Charles 
H. Hersey, William P. Chamberlain, Mrs. E. J. C. 
( rilbert, Miss Kate I. Tilden and Mrs. M. R. Osborne. 

Superintendent of Cemeteries : Henry Purcell. 

Overseer of the Poor: William L. Davis. 

Health Commissioners : Clark F. Rowell, George 
H. Bridgman, M.D., and Don H. Woodward. 

Assessors : Sylvanus A. Morse, Daniel A. Brown 
and Daniel R. Cole. 

Collector: Luther P. Alden. 

Kngincers of Fire Department: George D. Whee- 
lock (chief), John A. Batchelder, Henry H. Barker, 
William H. Reyoum, Chester L. Kingsbury and 
1 [enry W. Harvey. 

Police Officers: William H. Reyoum, Ira D. 
Gates, Jacob Staples, Henry H. Haynes, Edwin O. 
Keith, James R. Livermore, Walter C. Fassett, 
Frederick L. Pitcher, Frank D. Griswold, Amasa 
Plastridge, Frederick H. Wilson and Joseph W. 

Surveyors of Wood : Charles K. Pemberton, M. A. 
Stowell, C. A. Mason, Z. K. Graves, H. C. Fairbanks, 
John B. Fisher, S. L. Bartlett, G. H. Follansbee, 
Mortimer Reardon, Eugene Seaver, S. H. Holman, 
T. H. Bolio and E. R. Gerould. 

Surveyors of Lumber: C. K. Pemberton, M. A. 
Stowell, C. A. Mason, S. H. Holman, H. R. Ward, 
J. Wilson, D. C. Thompson, M. E. Buckminster, 
O. C. Mansfield and Henry N. Stone. 

Weighers : H. P. Muchmore, H. A. Woodward, 
F. E. Foster, L. P. Alden, William March, George 
Giffin, L. W. Hammond and George E. Fuller. 

Selectmen: Ward 1, Charles W. Buckminster, 
Richard W. Ward, Herbert A. Davis ; Ward 2, Liberty 
W. Foskett, George C. Wood, Carlos L. Seavey; 
Ward 3, Albert W. Green, Frederick W. Chase, Al- 
bert Wright ; Ward 4, Oscar H. Fay, Theodore H. 
Bolio, Myron C. Ellis; Ward 5, Calvin II. Ellis, 
Charles H. Butler, John Driscoll. 

Moderators: Ward 1, James Marsh; Ward 2, 
Charles G. Farrar; Ward 3, George E. Whitney; 
Ward 4, Zebina K. Graves ; Ward 5, Frederick L. 

Ward Clerks ; Ward 1, Ainsworth M. Nims ; Ward 
2, George E. Poole; Ward 3, Hosea Foster; Ward 4, 
Michael L. Landers; Ward 5, Frank E. Wheelock. 



Genesis of a New England Branch of the Family, 1G50 to 1880. 

The progenitors of the Elliot stock in Great 
Britain were undoubtedly of Norman origin, 
and their descendants have been for many cen- 
turies more or less conspicuous in English and 
Scottish annals. The name abroad carries for 
the most part a double I and a single t; but in 
New England it is often shortened of an Z, or 
lengthened by a t. 

1. Lieutenant Andrew Elliot, of Bev- 
erly, came from Somersetshire, England, with 
his family in the latter half of the seventeenth 
eentury; married (1) Grace, (2) Mary; was 
representative in 1 <i!)0-92, and was one of the 
jurors on the Witch Trials. Jlis will is dated 
February 2(5, 17<>."5-4, and proved April 2, 
1704, in which he mentions: 1st, Mary, his 
wife for forty years and more; 2d, his son 
William, his present wile, Mary, and children, — 
Andrew, William, John, Judith, Mary, Emma 
and Elizabeth ; 3d, Ins son Andrew, deceased, 
and his children, — Andrew, Samuel, Mercy and 
Grace; 4th, his daughter, Mary Woodbury, 
relict of Nicholas Woodbury; 5th, his daughter, 




Emma Blower, and her son, Andrew Wood- 
bury ; 6th, grandchildren, Joanna and Andrew 
Woodbury, children of his son-in-law, Andrew 
Woodbury, deceased. — Essex Wills, VIII. 95. 
No record is found in Essex County of the 
births of his children, and they were probably 
all born in East Coker, in England, between 
L650 and 1660. He had — 

1. Andrew, Jr., born , drowned off Cape 

Sable, September, 1688. 

II. William, 2 born , his will proved 

February, 1721-22. 

III. Mary, married Nicholas Woodbury. 

IV. Emma, married (1) Andrew Woodbury, 
(2) A. Blower. 

Andrew Elliot, Jr., married Mercy Shattuck 
December, 1680; had Mercy, 1681; Andrew 
1683 ; Samuel, 1686 ; and Grace, 1687. Many 
of his posterity are recorded among the dis- 
tinguished citizens of Boston. 

2. William Elliot, 2 married Mary, 
daughter of Francis Brown, of Newbury. He 
had sons, — 

I. Andrew, 3 born March 3, 1682 ; died April 
20th, same year. 

II. Andrew, 3 born March 14, 1683 ; had a 
large family.* 

III. William, 3 born September 14, 1685 ; 
had a large family. 1 

IV. John, 3 born May 16, 1693 ; died April, 
1751; and daughters: Judith, born March, 
1688 ; Mary, born June, 1691 ; Emma, born 
May, 1697; and Elizabeth, born October, 

3. John Elliot, 3 married (1) April 10, 
1715, Elizabeth, daughter of Freeborn Balch, 
who died May 21, 1718. Their children were : 

I. Skipper, 4 born January 1, 1715-16; lived 
in Newbury. 

II. John, 4 born March 10, 1717 ; died June 
25, 1781. 

* Into the large family, either of William or Andrew, 
grandsons of Lieutenant Andrew, and sons of William, 
most probably may be traced Elias Elliot, born 1707 ; 
married, 1729, Ruth Lawrence, of Groton ; had William, 
Oliver, Jeremiah, Elias and five daughters, and died in 
1788. His son Oliver lived to the age of one hundred and 
two years. — sero in coelum. 

Married (2), April 20, 1720, Hannah Waldron. 
Their sons were : 

II L Nathaniel, 4 born March, 1721. 

IV. William, 4 born July, 1731 ; and 
daughters : Frances, born July, 1723 ; Eliza- 
beth, born June, 1725; Abigail, born June, 
1729 ; and Hannah, born January, 1736. 

4. Johx Elliot, 4 married Sarah (born 
1720, died 1791); settled in Bradford, on the 
Merrimac, where his children were born ; 
subsequently lived a few years in Nottingham, 
and, in his old age, near his sons, in Mason ; 
sold, in April, 1764, land in Beverly inherited 
from his father ; died 1781. — Essex County 
Deeds, Lb. X. p. 240. His sons were : 

I. John, Jr., born 1747; married Rachel; 
had Andrew, William, David and two 
daughters ; died at Hudson. 

II. William, Rev., born December, 1748 ; 
married Dorothy Merrill, and had a son, 
William, Jr., and four daughters ; then mar- 
ried Rebecca Hildreth, and had seven sons — 
Israel, Joseph, Seth, Jesse, Samuel, Abel, Ad- 
dison David — and four daughters. 

III. Andrew, Deacon, born 1755 ; married 
Hannah Dakin ; had John, Andrew, George, 
Amos, William and five daughters; died 1811. 

IV. David, 5 "Ensign," born 1751; died 
1793; and daughters: Abigail, born 1750, 
married (1) A. AVinn, (2) W. Barnes, (3) J. 
Dakin, had twelve children, died 1844; and 
Sarah, born 1753, married John Tarbell. 

5. David Elliot. 5 — A soldier with his 
brother, John, Jr., in Captain Towne's com- 
pany, of Colonel Reed's regiment, at the battle 
of Bunker Hill, June 17, 1775. His company 
was discharged at the evacuation of Boston, the 
spring following; married (1) 1778, Hannah, 
daughter of Deacon Benjamin Adams, of New 
Ipswich, born 1761, died 1789. Their chil- 
dren were : 

I. Hannah, born 1781, died 1855; married 
Amos Emory ; their children were : David El- 
liot, Eunice Adams, Eliza, Elijah, Harriet, Em- 
ily, Elvira, Hannah, Amos, Lucretia, Azro, 
Henry Everett, Henrietta. 

II. John, 6 born 1783, died 1865. 
Married (2) Lucy Campbell, ne'e Emory, born 

1756, died 1846 ; their children were : 



III. David, born 1790, dial 1798. 

IV. Daniel, Dr., born 1792, Dartmouth Col- 
lege, 1813; married Abby Greelee ; had two 
sons and two daughters, viz.: Augustus (iree- 
lce, Henry Bond, Lucy and Caroline; died 

6. John Elliot. 6 — Business life, chiefly 
with his maternal relative, Aaron Appleton, at 
Keene, manufacturing window-glass ; he was 
for many years President of the Cheshire Bank, 
at Keene ; married Deborah Bixby ; born 17N7, 
died 1880, and had two sons and two daugh- 
ters, viz.: 

I. D. Mafia, died, unmarried, in IS 62, aged 

II. John Henry, 7 Harvard University, 183"), 
A. 15. and A.M. 

III. James Bixby, married (1) Harriet R. 
Eames, who died 1868; had four sons and two 
daughters, viz. : James H., Harvard Univer- 
sity, 1864, Arthur N., George B., Andrew R., 
( trace and Florence. 

Married (2) Jane Savage. 

IV. Frances, died an infant, 1818. 

7. John Henry Elliot, 7 studied law; bus- 
iness life was spent as treasurer, trustee and ac- 
tuary of the Ashuelot Railroad ; secretary and 
director of the Cheshire Railroad ; president of 
Cheshire Fire Insurance Company and of the 
Cheshire Bank ; and president or director in 
several other corporations. He was a member 
of the Executive Council of New Hampshire 
at the fall of the slaveholders' reign and the 
rise of the plutocratic rule of the nation. Rei- 
publicce forma — laudare facilius guam evenire. 
Married, L848, Emily Ann Wheelock, born 
1821, died 1860 ; their children were: 

I. William Henry, Harvard University, 
1872, A.B. andLL.B.; married, 1882, Mary 
Fiske Edwards. 

II. John Wheelock, Harvard University, 
1S74, A.B. and M.D. ; married 1883, Mary 
Lee Morse. 

III. Emily Jane, married, 1882, Tucker 
Daland ; Harvard University, 1873, A.B. and 

IV. Russell Gray, died an infant, 1858. 


Caleb Talbot Bufium, son of James and 
Ruth (Bliss) Buffuni, was born in Royalston, 
Mass., June 4, 1820. His father, a farmer, 
married Ruth, daughter of Nathan Bliss, and 
had ten children, of whom six are living. (Na- 
than Bliss was one of the "embattled farmers 
of 1776," and attained a great age — over ninety 
years.) James Bufl'um moved to Keene about 
1830, where he now resides, aged ninety-two. 

Caleb, in his sixteenth year, went to learn 
the tailor's trade with Dinsmore, White & 
Lyon, a leading mercantile house of Keene. 
Remaining with them four years, he worked as 
journeyman one year, then, in IS 11, he formed 
a co-partnership with Jonas Parker, under firm- 
title of Bulfum & Parker, and commenced 
his long and successful business career as a 
clothier in Keene. For fifteen years this firm 
was one of the prominent mercantile houses of 
Keene, and conducted a large and prosperous 
business. Then Mr. Butfum, aspiring for a 
larger field and greater opportunities, closed his 
connection with the firm of which he had been 
so long a member and established himself in 
Boston as a wholesale dealer in clothing and 
furnishing goods. This new sphere of activity 
was highly congenial to Mr. Buffum's business 
nature, and had not his health failed, he to-day 
would doubtless be one of Boston's merchants; 
but on account of his health he was compelled 
to dispose of his business interests in Boston, 
and goto Florida to recuperate. In the spring 
he returned to Keene, with his health greatly 
improved, and rinding the bracing atmosphere 
of his own home to be more beneficial to him 
than that of Boston, he repurchased his old 
interest in the clothing business, and, with his 
brother formed the firm of C. T. & G. B. 
Butfum, and, with slight changes, this was con- 
tinued until January, 1871, when Mr. BufFum 
retired from active business. Asa businessman, 
Mr. BufFum ha- been energetic, far-seeing, saga- 
cious, careful and conservative. He never 
strained his credit and believed heartily in cash 
payments, and during his entire business life 
never gave but one note in commercial transac- 
tion-. Ili- shrewd common sense and good 





judgment combined with his financial ability 
have made hiin a prominent factor in the 
moneyed institutions of Keene. He has been 
for several years a director of the Ashuelot 
National Bank. When the Keene Five- Cents 
Savings-Bank was incorporated, in 1868, he was 
one of the incorporators, was made one of the 
trustees, and placed on the board of invest- 
ment, to which he has given much time, and of 
which he is now a valued member. January 1, 
1876, he was elected president of the savings- 
bank and yet continues in that office. He is 
actively interested in the Lombard Investment 
Company, of Boston, Mass., and Creston, Iowa, 
of which he is a director. He has dealt somewhat 
in real estate in Keene and quite largely in 
Western and Florida lands. He is interested in, 
and officially connected with, several financial 
and monetary institutions in the West. 

Republican in politics, he represented the 
town of Keene two years in the State Legisla- 
ture, but has not sought official distinction or 
political preferment. He is an alderman of 
Keene the present year. In religious belief he 
is a liberal Unitarian, and a generous contribu- 
tor to that church of which he is a member. 
He has been much interested in the Society 
for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, and 
for a long term of years was president of the 
Keene Humane Society, resigning the position 
in 1884. 

Mr. Buffum married, first, April 19, 1843, 
Susan R., daughter of Lewis Gilmore, of 
Charlestown, N. H. ; she died December 21, 
1854. Thev had one child, Ellen A., who died 
at the age of sixteen. He married, second, 
February 23, 1857, Sarah A., daughter of Asa 
Stratton, of Greenfield, Mass. The two chil- 
dren of this marriage were Fred. Lincoln, born 
Xovernber 14, 1860, died December 5, 1867, 
aged seven years, and Susie S., born April 19, 

Since his retirement from active business 
Mr. Buffum has traveled extensively through- 
out the United States, having passed three 
winters in Florida, California and on the 
Pacific slope. He is a great lover of hunting 
and fishing, and enjoys the charms which a 
true lover of nature discovers in her varied 

creations. It is said of him, by one who knows 
him well, that " few men know better how to 
crack a joke, catch a fish or make life happier 
than Caleb T. Buffum." He has a fine collec- 
tion of mounted birds and animals, — trophies of 
his skill with gun and rod. To these have 
been added other specimens, the gifts of friends, 
and various minerals, geological and antiquarian 
objects of interest, the whole being arranged 
and classified with that system and order which 
is an essential part of Mr. Buffum's nature, 
and to which he attributes his success in life. 

He possesses a strong personality, is leal and 
loyal in his friendships, and is a gentleman of 
broad and liberal views : consequently an ex- 
tremely agreeable social companion. He is 
kind and affectionate in his family relations, and 
a worthy citizen, whose character through life 
has been marked by honesty, integrity and 
honor ; he, to-day, holds no second place in the 
regards of his large circle of friends. 


Ex-Governor Samuel W. Hale has been a 
well-known resident of Keene for more than 
a quarter-century. It was not his native place, 
but there he has spent most of his maturer years. 
He was born in Fitchburg, Mass., April 2, 
1823, and is descended from Moses Hale, of 
Newbury, whose son, Moses Hale (2d), married 
Abigail Smith, of West Newbury, and came to 
Fitchburg to live about 1786. He there 
reared a family of children, the third of whom 
was Samuel Hale, who married Saloma Whit- 
ney, of Westminster, Mass. Both Moses Hale 
and his son Samuel were farmers by occupation, 
and the old homestead was situated on one of 
those magnificent hills which now overlook the 
thriving city of Fitchburg. Among these 
pleasant surroundings the boy Samuel Whitney 
Hale had his birth, and here, by vigorous out- 
door labor, a strong physical constitution was 
moulded. As is always the case, the early 
teachings of this home in moral and religious 
truths have exercised a constant influence in 
developing character. 

The advantages of the district school and 
town academy were the best to be had at home, 



but they were improved until the boy graduated 
into the more extensive school of life's labors. 

At an early age he began to work on his father's 
farm, and continued to do so until, at the age 
of twenty-two, he left the parental roof to en- 
gage in business with his brother, already es- 
tablished in Dublin, N. H. There he remained 
until thi' year L859, when he removed to Keene, 
then a busy town, awakened into life by new 
industries. He there began the manufacture of 
chairs, at first in a small way; but, as the busi- 
uess prospered, enlarging it, until it became the 
Smith Keene Chair Company, which has con- 
ducted for many years an extensive trade. Mr. 
Hale, from time to time, became interested in 
various business enterprises. In 1879 he es- 
tablished the Ashuelot Furniture Company, 
which employed more than one hundred men, 
until it was destroyed by fire, in February, 
1884. In 1882 he purchased the Lebanon 
WOulen Mills, at Lebanon, X. H. 

He became a director in the Citizens' National 
Bank of Keene and the Wachusett Bank of 
Fitchbnrg. The building of the Manchester 
and Keene Railroad, now a branch of the Bos- 
ton and Lowell, was a great undertaking, and 
required the most untiring energy and persever- 
ance. It was " confessedly a disastrous failure 
until Mr. Hale and his associates came to its 
rescue." They succeeded in carrying it to a 
successful completion. He was at one time 
treasurer of the Boston, Winthrop and Point 
Shirley Railroad, and subsequently president of 
the Boston, Winthrop and Shore Railroad. 

Ever since its organization, ex-Governor Hale 
has been a strong supporter of the Republican 
party. His first vote was cast lor the Free-Soil 
candidate. During the struggles against sla- 


very, in discussion and in the War of the Rebel- 
lion, his advocacy of the principles of freedom 
and equality was uncompromising. In 1866 
he was elected a member of the State Legisla- 
ture, and re-elected the next year. He was a 
member of the Governor's Council in 1869 and 
L870,and a del. gate to the Republican National 
Convention in 1880. After a prolonged and 
exciting canvass he was nominated, in Septem- 
ber, 1882, to be the Republican gubernatorial 
candidate. The campaign was one of unusual 

interest, but, amid the general disaster which 
overtook the Republicans throughout the coun- 
try, Mr. Hale was elected Governor of New 
Hampshire. He filled the executive office for 
a term of .two years, from June, 1883. Dur- 
ing his administration many important measures 
were adopted. Ex-Governor Hale has been 
known as a friend of every good cause. He 
is connected with the Second Congregational 
Church in Keene, and is a member of the 
Masonic order. 

He married, in 1850, Emelia M. Hay, of 
Dublin, and has two children, — a son, William 
S., of Keene, and a daughter, Mary L., the 
wife of Rev. William De Loss Love, of Hart- 
ford, Conn. 

For many years ex-Governor Hale has re- 
sided in the house built by ex-Governor 
Samuel Dinsmoor, on Main Street, Keene. 


No history of Keene would be complete 
without more than a reference to John H. 
Fuller. Identified with every business de- 
velopment, the largest purchaser of wool in the 
county, when it was a common thing for a 
single farmer to raise from one to two thousand 
pounds, he was yet democratic and unconven- 
tional in all things, with an honesty that was 
never questioned. His son, John Quincy Ful- 
ler, furnishes the steel engraving accompanying 
this history as a son's tribute to the memory of 
a worthy father. The following sketch of Mr. 
Fuller was written by J. Henry Elliot, his 
associate and friend of years : 

John Houghton Fuller was of a family that 
emigrated from Lunenburg, in Massachusetts, 
to Walpole, in this county, some time in the 
final decade of the last century. 

He passed his minority in Walpole, and be- 
gan active life in a country store, first in Ches- 
terfield, then in Winchester and lastly in Keene, 
where he soon engaged. in wool dealing, which 
became the main business of his after-life. 

While Living in Winchester he was called to 
act as adjutant-general of the governmenf 
forces stationed at Portsmouth in the closing 
season of the War of 1812; and it was there, 

■Sn^ * 









too, that he married a daughter of the Rev. 
Ezra Conant, by whom he had three sons and 
three daughters. He was the principal pro- 
moter and first president of the Winchester 
Bank, of the Ashuelot Railway and the Keene 
Five-Cents Savings-Bank. 

He reclaimed, at great expense, a large area 
of waste land in Keene, lying north of Cross 
Street and between Court and Washington 
Streets — laid out aDd built streets, located a 
school reservation and aided many homeless 
families to secure homes upon wise and practic- 
able terms. 

He died suddenly in the winter of 1869 at 
the age of seventy-seven years, leaving a repu- 
tation of the highest type of old New England 
character and a well-to-do estate, that was in 
no way tainted or fused with false weights or 


Arthur Harris, an Englishman, emigrated to 
America in the early part of the seventeenth 
century, as we find him a resident of Duxbury, 
Mass., in 1640, and he was one of the first set- 
tlers and one of the three original proprietors 
of Bridgewater. He died in Boston in 1693. 
He had four children, and of his numerous de- 
scendants, many have become distinguished in 
the various professions and callings for which 
their natural talents and tastes have fitted them. 
The line to the present generation is Arthur, 
Isaac Abner, Abner, Abner, John, Wilder, 
Cordis D. 

Mr. Wilder Harris was formerly a resident, 
engaged in farming and the manufacture of 
lumber, of Chesterfield, N. H. ; in 1865 he re- 
moved to Brattleborough,Vt.,where he now lives. 
Although now, (April, 1885) nearly eighty-eight 
years old, Mr. Harris carries his years with all the 
activity and grace of a much younger man — the 
result of his vigorous constitution, busy life and 
temperate habits. He has always been warmly 
interested in religious matters, and is a liberal 
contributor to the support of the Methodist 
Church. His children are George Francis, born 
March 7, 1818 ; Broughton Davis, born Au- 
gust 16, 1822 ; and Gordis Day. 

Gordis Day Harris, third child of Wilder 
and Harriet (Davis) Harris, was born in 
Chesterfield, N. H., October 29, 1824. His edu- 
cation was received at the common schools and 
academy of Chesterfield, in which town he 
learned the trade of carpenter. Believing a 
larger place would give more remuneration for 
his labor, he removed to Fitchburg, Mass., in 
1845, where he established a home, marrying, 
October 29, 1848, Eunice B., daughter of Ziba 
and Nancy (Babbitt) Albee, also of Chesterfield, 
and resided there for nineteen years. He first 
carried on carpentering and building for several 
years with success. He began his long and ex- 
tensive connection with railroad contracting in 
1851, by taking a contract to build depots and 
turn-tables on the St. Lawrence and Atlantic 
Railroad ; and, by steady and rapid advances, he 
was soon holding contracts involving large 
amounts to build railroads. He was of strong 
physique, active, resolute and accomplished 
much labor. He always has had a pleasant 
frankness of manner, which won many friends. 
This had a happy influence in his business re- 
lations, which were highly satisfactory. In May, 
1864, accompanied by his wife, he went to Cali- 
fornia, where he became a resident, and, with his 
accustomed activity, was soon connected with 
important business interests. He remained on 
the Pacific slope until October, 1872, passing 
most of that period east of the Sierras, pros- 
pecting and mining in the various States and 
Territories of California, Nevada, Idaho and 
Utah. His energy, pluck and perseverance were 
handsomely rewarded. July 4, 1870, he dis- 
covered in the Pilot Knob range of mountains, 
in the extreme west part of Utah, the valuable 
Tecoma mines, rich in carbonate of silver and 
lead. These were worked from the time of 
discovery until September, 1872, when they 
were sold to Messrs. Howland & Aspinwall, of 
New York. 

Returning to New Hampshire, Mr. Harris 
made his home first in Chesterfield, and since 
1873 in Keene, in close proximity to the scenes 
of his boyhood, where he has since resided. 

Although in possession of an ample compe- 
tency, Mr. Harris is of too active a tempera- 
ment to withdraw from business life. He is a 



member of the firm of Harris Brothers & Co., 
general contractors for the construction of rail- 
roads, public works and other operations of 
magnitude ; and, in company with his brother, 
Broughton D., he is now largely engaged in 
operating the famous Peach Orchard coal-mines. 
Peach Orchard, at Lowance County, Ivy., which 
they purchased January 1, 1884. The daily 
output of the mines is at present four hundred 
tons. This amount they are proposing to soon 
raise to eight hundred or a thousand tons per 

Mr. Harris has been a pronounced Whig and 
Republican, casting his first vote for President 
in 1848 for General Taylor. He represented 
Chesterfield in the State Legislature of 1873, 
and Keene in that of 1881. He is a Unitarian 
in religious belief, and a member of Lodge of the 
Temple, F. and A. M., of Keene. Possessed of a 
powerful will, untiring energy and industry, 
and endowed with a high order of business talent, 
he has overcome all obstacles that confronted 
him. With his strong physique and resolute 
nature, he has been a man of one purpose — his 
business. Generous, kind-hearted, public spirit- 
ed, energetic and wide-awake, Mr. Harris is a 
good representative of the clear-headed, ambi- 
tious, successful business men of Cheshire 


It is probable that no other name is so inti- 
mately connected with the introduction of 

water into Keene and the construction and care 
of the water-works, in the mind of the public, 
as Daniel H. Holbrook, and it seems appropri- 
ate to give a space in this record to his life. 

Daniel H. Holbrook (7), son of John and 
Mercy (Hill) Holbrook, was born in Swanzey, 
X. II., January 8, 1800, and is consequently 
seventy-nine years old. He comes of an old 
Massachusetts family, dating in American resi- 
dence to the early days of the colony, and going 
back through centuries of honorable and dis- 
tinguished existence in England, where the 
family is entitled to bear arms. The first 
American emigrants of the name, and the pro- 
genitors of the greater number bearing the 

name to-day, were John and Thomas, brothers, 
who settled in Weymouth, Mass., in 1640. 
According to the best authorities attainable the 
following is the line to Daniel H. : John (1), 
was a man of consideration, had quite a family, 
and a son, John (2), who became a resident in 
Weymouth. His son, John (3), settled in Ux- 
bridge, where he was a man of public note, and 
entrusted with various offices. John (4) mar- 
ried, in 1732, a native of Mendon. John Hol- 
brook (6) was born in Uxbridge, Mass., in 1778, 
and was the son of John Holbrook (5), a farmer 
in the fertile valley of the Blackstone River. 
This farmer, John (5), married Rhoda Thay- 
er, of Mendon, a daughter of a promi- 
nent, numerous and honorable family of New 
England, and emigrated about the year 1800 to 
Swanzey, N. H., where he passed the remainder 
of his life. John (0) had a decidedly mechani- 
cal turn of mind and learned the trades of car- 
penter, joiner and wheelwright. In 1790 he 
enlisted as a soldier for nine months in the so- 
called French and Spanish War, to repel inva- 
sion. He married, in Mendon, Mass., Mercy, 
daughter of Daniel and Mercy (Howard) Hill. 
He was a skilled mechanic!, and, after working 
at his trade for two years, he also removed to 
Swanzey, settling iu the south part of the town, 
where, in process of time, he purchased land 
for a home, and erected buildings thereon. He 
lived to be about sixty, — dying May 7, 1838. 
Although a strong adherent to Jeffcrsonian De- 
mocracy, he was not an active politician, but 
was much interested in military matters, and 
was influential in forming a company of men, 
who, like himself, were exempt from military 
service. In this company he held a lieutenant's 
commission, and was noted as a disciplinarian. 
His children who became adults were Rhoda, 
married Nathan Cheney, resided in Boston, 
where she died, leaving one child, Ellen ; Dan- 
iel Hill; Abida, married Hiram Bolles, lived 
and died in Baraboo, Wis. ; Sophia, married 
< arlostine Blake, and now live- in ICeene (her 
two children, John II. and Nathan C, died 
when young men); Susan A., married Randall 
Bolles, lived and died in Swanzey (her chil- 
dren were Hiram H., M. Maria (Mrs. Angell), 
Abida A. (Mrs. Abijah Holbrook), Ellen E. 


a^yJ 9/M^^ 

Z'i i 



(Mrs. Frederick Farr) ; Chloe, married James 
Pierce, lives in Sharpsville, Pa. (has children, 
Jonas J., Walter and Wallace (twins), Franklin, 
James B.); John ; Mercy H., married Ebenezer 
Flanders, of Hopkinton, Mass., and now lives 
in Henniker (Mrs. Mercy Holbrook was born 
July 1, 1800, and died in December, 1876). 

Daniel Hill Holbrook was named from his 
maternal grandfather, Daniel Hill, a worthy 
farmer of Mendon, Mass., — a man of strong 
physique and of strong mental qualities. He 
fought valiantly in the Continental army of the 
Revolution, and, at a hale old age, was gathered 
to his fathers, honored and mourned by all. 

Daniel Holbrook, until he was sixteen, was 
given such educational advantages as were af- 
forded by the old-time district schools, and was 
especially apt and ready in mathematics, ac- 
quiring such skill in mental calculations as to 
surprise even now many expert accountants. 
He labored with his father until 1825, both as 
a carpenter and farmer, when he went to Bos- 
ton, and was a witness to the imposing ceremo- 
nies attending the laying of the corner-stone of 
Bunker Hill monument. He remained in Bos- 
ton a year or two, then returned to Swanzey, 
and commenced that life of hard work which, 
united with good judgment and skill, during 
the course of years, built up not only financial 
prosperity, but also a character for integrity, 
ability and sterling common-sense. He became 
a farmer and also manufactured lumber, which 
latter business acquired, in time, large propor- 

He purchased, in 1832, the mills known 
as Holbrook's Mills, which he rebuilt in 1845. 
He became, in connection with manufacturing, 
an extensive dealer in lumber, purchasing the 
product of other mills, filling many contracts 
with railroad corporations, sending many rafts 
down the Connecticut, and shipping largely to 
Keene, Brattleborough and other places. 

In 1865, his diligence and attention to business 
having met a satisfactory return, he sold his 
mill and removed to Keene, where he has since 
resided. He married, September 5, 1837, Caro- 
line, daughter of Josiah and Sophia (Lawrence) 
Prime. She died December 5, 1880. Their 
children were Ellen S. (died young), Chloe P., 

John J. (sec biography) and Frances V. (Mrs. 
D. M. Nichols). 

Since his residence in Keene, Mr. Holbrook 
has been most active in his connection with the 
water- works. In 1868 he was one of a commis- 
sion of five elected by the town to introduce 
water into the city, — build necessary dams, 
reservoirs, etc. The greater part of the super- 
intendence of this work fell upon Mr. Holbrook, 
and from that time to the present he has been 
prominently connected with it. He has been 
superintendent and commissioner, and in 1872 
he successfully conducted the water under the 
Ashuelot River, and introduced the water on 
the north side. His wise judgment, practical 
experience and mechanical skill have been of 
great benefit to the city in this branch of public 
service. He consented to serve as assessor and 
supervisor of Swanzey in 1849, but could not 
spare time from his business to accept other 
proffered offices. He was a Jeffersonian in pol- 
itics until 1872, supporting the Democratic 
nominations. Since then he has acted indepen- 
dently of party. 

With a strong mind and well-preserved phy- 
sical powers, Mr. Holbrook is passing the closing 
years of his life, cheered by the affection of lov- 
ing daughters, and blessed with the esteem of a 
large range of acquaintance, who prize him for 
his sterling worth. 


John Josiah Holbrook, only son of Daniel 
H. and Caroline (Prime) Holbrook, was born 
in Swanzey, N. H., December 10, 1844. He 
received an academic education, showing the 
true qualities of a successful student, at the sem- 
inaries of his native town and Townshend, Vt., 
and at the High School of Keene. He prepared 
for college at New London, N. H., and entered 
Brown LTniversity, from which he was gradu- 
ated in 1872, and where, as expressed by one of 
his university professors, " he distinguished 
himself above all others by his taste and aptitude 
for experimental science," and was an enthusi- 
astic and earnest worker. After graduation, 
with deep religious consecration, he pursued the 
three years' course of study at Newton (Mass.) 



Theological Seminary, completing his studies 
there in 1875. He had a special fitness, however, 
as a teacher of mathematics and natural sciences, 
and deeming that he could do efficient service 
in that sphere, and follow a useful path of 
religious duty in that direction, he became the 
professor of natural sciences and mathematics at 
New London Academy. He showed great 

ability as an instructor, and, after two years' 
time, Jie removed to Keene, now his father's 
home. From 1879 until the time of his death, 
which occurred in Keene, March 24, 1884, he 
followed the profession of civil engineering and 

Mr. Holbrook was a ready writer, and did 
much valuable work for the press during a pe- 
ri* id of several years, and was frequently called 
to preach. His sermons were carefully consid- 
ered and showed a deep religious spirit, which 
was the foundation of his character. He was 
favorably known in Keene and in the commu- 
nity as a successful business man of Christian 
integrity. He took an active interest in public 
affairs, and in his business was brought into a 
pleasant relationship with many citizens of this 
county, both in public and private matters. He 
was a devoted and beloved teacher in the Sab- 
bath-school of the Baptist Church, of which he 
had been a valued member and earnest worker 
for eighteen years. 

There was never anything in Mr. Holbrook's 
life for his friends to regret, and there was much 
for them to bear in loving remembrance. He 
was exceptionally happy in his friends and asso- 
ciates, and signally so in the dear home circle, 
where his aged father and sisters now mourn 
his " going before." 

The following extract from a letter written by 
the Rev. J. L Seward, now a Unitarian clergy- 
man of Lowell, voices the sentiment of a large 
circle < >f* sorrowing friends, "who knew him but 
to love him : " 

"I cannot forbear a word of sympathy and 
an expression of esteem for one whom I so 
greatly respected. His fine presence, scholarly 
mind and gentlemanly deportment were all cal- 
culated to attract friends and call forth their 
respect and approbation. From my first ac- 
quaintance with him our relations were cordial 

and agreeable. I valued his friendship and 
appreciated his worth. He was one of those 
noble men whose enjoyment is in the attainment 
of truth and knowledge ; whose friends are 
not only their kins-people and acquaintances, 
but the great laws and truths which God has 
given for our study and contemplation in the 
great book of nature. I sympathized with his 
love for mathematics and natural science, and I 
respected his modesty, his manliness, his love of 
study and his devotion to duty." 


Algernon Sidney Carpenter, M.D., after a long 
professional life, most of which was passed in 
Keene, died March 4, 1885. He was son of 
Dr. E. and Judith (Greene) Carpenter, and 
was born in Alstead, N. H., October 16, 1814. 
He descended from a somewhat noted medical 
family, his father having been an able and suc- 
cuccessful physician ; and several uncles and 
other relatives were celebrated for their profes- 
sional skill. After an academic course he read 
medicine with his father, and then entered the 
medical college at Middlebury, "Vt., graduating 
about 1837. He practiced his profession a 
short time in Gardner and Northfield, Mass., 
and then settled in Keene. In 1859, Novem- 
ber 30th, he married Jane F., daughter of Hon. 
Henry and Calista (Pond) Coolidge. They 
had two daughters, — Mary Algeruiene and 
Caroline Sidney. 

Apart from his professional duties, Dr. Car- 
penter felt a deep interest in all that pertained 
to the welfare of Keene, and was a prominent 
factor in social circles. He possessed rare con- 
versational powers, expressing his thoughts with 
well-balanced and discerning intellect and ready 
wit. Few surpassed him in repartee, and his 
satire was keen and cutting. He took a great 
interest in, and gave much of his time to, Free- 
Masonry. In 1855, the Social Friends Lodge 
of that order having been for some time do r- 
niaiit, he caused its revival, and at that time was 
the only Yree Mason in town who knew the 
work. He was Master of the lodge in 185<>, 
1857 and 1859. He was a charter member 
and first Master of the Lodge of the Temple. 

^, ' '. 



c ^ry^-u^j (J c^-tL tc/Ax C( 



He was a member of Cheshire Royal Arch Chap- 
ter, St. John's Council of Royal and Select 
Masters, and Hugh de Payens Commandery of 
Knights Templar. 

In politics Dr. Carpenter was a constitu- 
tional Democrat ; he held to the doctrines of 
Thomas Jefferson, and wished to preserve the 
integrity of those principles which he consid- 
ered the guiding stars of the republic, and be- 
lieved in and earnestly advocated the success of 
the Democratic party as the only way to consum- 
mate the perpetuity of our national existence. 

But it is not as a citizen or politician that Dr. 
Carpenter demands our chief attention, but as 
the kind-hearted, successful physician. In his 
profession he occupied a foremost rank. He 
was a scholarly man, of quick perceptions, who 
made the case of his patients his own, and his 
success was due to his firmness, self-reliance, 
excellent judgment and discretion. He gained 
the confidence, esteem and regard of his pa- 
tients, and they believed in him thoroughly and 
completely. In those grave and desperate 
cases where life and death were struggling for 
the mastery, he was watchful and vigilant, skill- 
ful to meet any emergency or change, with the 
best remedial agencies. Although habitually 
cautious, he did not shrink from the responsi- 
bilities of his calling, and used the most heroic 
treatment if he deemed the case demanded it. 
Quackery, in all its forms, he most heartily de- 

Like most men of positive nature, strong 
will and generous impulses, he made many de- 
voted friends and some bitter enemies. He was, 
for years, a landmark in this city, kind and 
charitable to the poor, genial and pleasant in 
his home and society, courteous in his inter- 
course with his medical brethren, and in many 
ways was one of the strong representative pro- 
fessional men of Cheshire County. 


Edward Gustine was born in the town of 
Winchester September 2, 1819, the past twenty 
years of his life having been spent in Keene, 

where he now resides. His father, Edward 
Gustine, was a merchant. He received a com- 
mon-school education, learned the business of 
a machinist and has been mainly engaged since 
entering active life as a gas and water engineer. 
He has had contracts for extensive works, both 
gas and water, at different places in this State, 
Massachusetts, Vermont and New York, all of 
which have been carried out in a thorough and 
satisfactory manner. 

A decided Republican, though never an active 
politician, Mr. Gustine has not been largely in 
public life, but served as a member of the House 
in 1865 and again in 1875 and 1876, acting as 
chairman of the committee on State Prison the 
latter year, and was also a member of the Con- 
stitutional Convention. He subsequently repre- 
sented this district in the State Senate. He en- 
joys the full confidence of his fellow-citizens re- 
gardless of party, and whenever a candidate for 
office, receives many votes of those opposed to 
him upon political questions. In the Senate he 
served upon the committee on incorporations, 
banks and manufactures, being chairman of the 
latter. He frequently participated in debates, 
and, although making no pretensions to oratory, 
his suggestions, practical in their character, were 
not without influence. 

Mr. Gustine married Miss Sarah H. Worces- 
ter, of Lebanon, Me., by whom he has two 
children, — a son and daughter. The son, Ed- 
ward W. Gustine, is engaged in mercantile bus- 
iness in Keene. In religion he is a Unitarian 
and an active member of the society in Keene. 
He has long been prominent in the Masonic or- 
ganizations, local and State, having been Master 
of both lodges and High Priest of the chapter at 
Keene, and was Grand High Priest for New- 
Hampshire in 1870 and 1871, and has held va- 
rious other honorable positions in Masonic bodies. 
Thoroughly public-spirited and a friend of all 
progressive enterprises, he has contributed in no 
small degree to the prosperity of the flourishing 
city in which he resides. 

(See Appendix.) 



This town lies in the northern part of the 
county, and is bounded as follows : North, by 
Sullivan county ; east, by Marlow ; south, by 
Gilsum and Surry ; and west, by Walpole. 

The town was first granted by Governor B. 
Wentworth to John Towle and sixty-three 
others, by the name of Newton, December 28, 
1752 ; about the same time the first grant was 
made of Acworth, and probably for the same 
reason, as I believe no attempt was made to 
settle the town under this grant. 

It was re-granted, August 6, 1763, to Samuel 
Chase and sixty-nine others, by the name of 
Alstead, and settlements commenced soon after. 
In 1771 there were twenty-five or more fami- 
lies in town ; but some of the provisions of the 
charter not having been fulfilled, it was 
" extended" by Governor John "Wentworth, 
January 25, 1772, in answer to a petition from 
the inhabitants. 

The Governor's reservation of five hundred 
acres was located in the northwest corner. 

Among the prominent men prior to 1800 
were General Amos Shepard, Nathaniel Sartell 
Prentice, Absalom Kingsbury and Rev. Levi 
Lankton. Captain Jason Wait commanded a 
company in Col. Bedell's regiment in the Rev- 

Petition for a Grant of the Towx-nir, 1750. 

"To His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq. 
Capt n General & Governour in Chief in and over His 
Majestyes Province of New Hampshire. 

"The Humble Petition of us the subscribers for 
ourselves and our associate- In in L r in number Fifty one 

Humbly Sheweth that your Petitioners are desireous 
of Setleing a Township in some of the unappropriated 
Lands in said province. 

" Wherefore your Petitioners Humbly Pray that 
your Excellency will be pleased to grant to your Pe- 
titioners a Township of the Contence of Six Miles 
Square in some of his Majestyes Land, in said Prov- 
ince of New Hampshire that are not allready appro- 
priated, Subjected to such orders and restrictions as 
Your Excellency in Your Great Wisdom Shall See 
Meete. And as in Duty bound they will ever pray 

" Boston Sep r 10, 1750. 

" Josiah Con vers 
John Fullton 
David Whiteing 
Thos. Draper 
William Fild 
Samuel Winship 
Samuel Smith 
John Botherick 
David Comee 
Jonathan Briant 
Nathan Newhall 
Francis Whitemore 
Ebenezer Frances 
William Whitemore 
Abiel Richardson 
Ebenezer Shattuck 
Unite Moseley 
AVill"' Maxwell 
Sam 1 Servise 
Bcnj a Furness 
William Crombic 
Nath 1 Wales 
Joseph Scott 
Ebenezer Field 

" John Fowle 
" Seth Blogget 

Arch d M°Neill 
Robert Hill 
Jason Winship 
Joseph Newhall 
Jacob March 
Tho s Bennett 
John Bishop 
James Pierce 
John Skinner 
Jon a Bradish 
Benj a Bellknap 
R. Cotton 
John Hill 
Isaac Kidder 
W m Dunlap 
Caleb Brooks 
John Martin 
Noah Richardson 
John Douglass 
Fran 8 Shaw 
Will" 1 Fisher 
Tim" Winship 
Th° Lambert 
Isaac Fillebrown " 

The grant was made December 28, 1752, to 
the foregoing persons and several others, but I 



think no settlements were made under it, and 
none of these appear in the grant of 1763. 

Statement of Grievances, 1777. 

" The Inhabitants of the Town of Alstead in Town 
meeting assembled Feb. 4, 1777 to consider of matters 
of grievance to themselves and others to lay before 
the Hon bl Committee of the Council and House of the 
State of New Hampshire : Do mention the following 
articles as grievous to them and needing redress. — 
That the present assembly was not called according 
to the direction of the Hon ble Continental congress by a 
full and free representation thro, the State: for a 
number of Delegates from a part of the Towns of the 
State did without any previous notice, and before the 
advice of the Continental congress came to hand did 
set up a plan of representation, in our opinion, partial 
and defective, curtailing and abridging the privileges 
of many of the Towns in this part of the state, as the 
natural right of one Town is equal to that of another. 

" Further the present assembly in our opinion is 
not set up as the great Lawgiver and Author of Gov- 
ernment requires: His order is that Rulers be fearers 
of Him, haters of covetousness : whereas the present 
plan requires no religious or moral, but only pecuni- 
ary qualifications for posts of office, which serves to 
discourage virtue and to promote vice as conjoined 
with wealth: The method of choosing Councillors and 
Representatives has a tendency this way likewise, as 
by just implication every person paying rates man, 
woman or child, however immoral and wicked, may 
vote in the choice of members of the assembly, by 
which means if the majority are evil, as like approves 
of its like, the vile will bear rule over a state profess- 
ing true religion. The present plan of Government 
was set up while we were under the King of Britain, 
but now we are independent of him, and therefore a 
new form of Government ought as soon as may be to 
be erected, by a full and equal representation of every 
incorporated Town thro the State, and that the plan 
of the same be sent to each Town for their approba- 
tion, and that which the majority agree to, be con- 
sidered as the constitution of this State. The act 
past Septemb r 19 1776, we view as unintelligible, and 
by no means calculated to answer the end pretended 
of having an equal representation. The last assembly 
did not act a disinterested party or for the good of the 
State, in confining all places of trust as much as they 
could among themselves : or in rejecting Coll Hunt 
from being High Sheriff of this county, after his ap- 
pointment, even before he refused to accept, which, 
with the putting in of Coll Hale we suspect was done 
by the influence of a certain well known member in 
these parts. 

" Lastly the giving commissions for war, is another 
article of grievance, which is a thing unprecedented 
in any free state, and s d commissions are kept from 
the eye of the people, and they are unacquainted with 
the unlimited powers given officers thereby, we have 
expressed these matters in a way to be understood, 
and hope that they will be attended to by your 
Honors as their importance and the Public good re- 

"At y e aforesaid meeting was chosen Absalom 
Kingsbury & Jonathan Shepherd Jur. a committee 
for s d Alstead to present y e above to y e Hon ble Com- 

"Test Absalom Kingsbery Town Clerk 

"The foregoing is a True Copy of y e voate of the 
Town of Alstead as Matters of Grieveances to be laid 
before y r Hon r Committee from y e Hon r Assembly of 
y e State of New Hampshire 

" Test Absalom Kingsbery, Town Clerk 
"The Committees of Mario Surry & Westmoreland 
concur with ye within matter of Agreevencis." 

Petition of Prudence, the Wife of Simon 

" To the Hon ble Counsel and assembly for the State 
of New Hampshire — the humble petition of Prudence 
Baxter of Alstead in the County of Chesire humbly 
shews and gives your Honours to be informed that 
your petitioner dos not send this prayer to your hon- 
ours for riches nor honours — but for mercy and I may 
say forfited mercy might be extended to Simon Bax- 
ter the husband of your petitioner — who did in July 
1777 go over to the enemy — but has ever sence the 
day he joined them been sorry for his fault — and has 
Repented his Erro with a flood of Tears — I dont mean 
to trouble your patiences with any thing but the 
Truth, and Capt Holmns of Walpole and Capt Gil- 
bert of Littleton Can and will if Called upon Testify 
that the s d Baxter has for a Long Time past ben a 
friend to am erica and Capt Wait of this Town who is 
now in the army and has ben a prisoner with the 
enemy Can Testify the kindness ye s d Baxter shew to 
the prisoners of the united states and ever sence has 
had a Desire to Return and sware aligence to the 
united states and is now Detained in a flag in Boston 
harbour — and their does earnestly pray for mercy 
— and as their is none that is guilty has Less 
then he so none a fairer plea for pardon — o spair him 
I humbly pray — I ask not for his Estate — only for his 
Life under such Limitation as you in your wisdom 
shall see proper to alow — the s d Baxter did while hear 
do his part in the war as my familey has sense with- 
out complaining — suffer him I humbly pray to be 
once more a subject of this state and have the Liberty 



of the oath of aligence to the united states — I Cair not 
how we Live or how we are fed, if he can but have 
authoritive Liberty to Live in this state, the small 
[property] that we did possess shall with pleasure go 
only spair him — and as mercy is the Dealing of god 
and the Brightest Virtue of the human mind — o Let 
Baxter be one subject of your mercy — the glory of a 
merciful Deed is in proportion to the Crime for which 
the Deed of mercy was Extended. 

" The arms of america has spread Terrow thro the 
world — o that their mercy might not be Confined or 
Limeted — I do, in my husbands name, Lay myself 
and him att the foot stool of this state for mercy, and 
if we must perish we must perish there — as in duty 
bound shall ever pray 

"Alstead, December ye 14 th , 1778. 

" Prudence Baxter." 

Capt. Lemuel Holmes, of Surry, and Capt. 
Jason Wait, of Alstead, the men referred to in 
the foregoing, were prisoners of war in New 
York when Simon Baxter and his son William 
were with the enemy, and, being old neighbors, 
probably received favors from them. 

Simon Baxter's property was declared con- 
fiscated to the State ; and Isaac Temple, Timothy 
Fletcher and Absalom Kingsbury were ap- 
pointed commissioners on the same, with the 
latter as trustee, who made an inventory of his 
estate, which includes the following: "Apart 
of the 5 th Lot in the eighth Range, about 100 
Acres, and one half of Lot N° 17 in the North 
Range of Lots in Alstead, and two acres in the 
Citidale [?] Lots — one Dwelling House in the 
Eighway." Mrs. Baxter petitioned, May 13, 
1 778, with the " approbation of Abra m Brown, 
Math 1 S. Prentice selectmen of Alstead," stat- 
ing that she had a large family of children, 
some of whom were small, and asked that the 
forfeiture of the estate might not be exacted. 

It seems that Simon Baxter left the flag;- 
ship in some way, as he and Benjamin Baxter 
were taken from Alstead to Exeter about 
January 21, 1779, and delivered to the Com- 
mittee of Safety by Absalom Kingsbury, and 
was there confined in jail for some time. 

Confession of William Baxter. 
" I left home 28 th of March 1778 & went to Cam- 
1 nidge there I found my father and he was to be ex- 

changed and said I must go with him I told him I 
Did not Love to Leave my mother he said I had 
better go with him & I finally concluded to go with 
him to Rhode Island which I Did when I got to 
Rhode Island I worked with one . . . seaven or 
Eight Days my father Did not Do any Business that 
I know of then he and I went to N York and had the 
Small pox together and was in N. York about A 
month then he told me I must go to Long Island and 
look out for myself and Dr. Pomroy [Doctor Josiah 
Pomeroy was an ' absentee ' from Keene] would get 
me a place to live at and I went to Long Island with 
Dr. Pomroy and left my father at N York and I Lived 
with one Abraham BrinkrofF about a week and then 
my father come to me and told me he Intended to 
Return to Cambridge for they Meaning the Regulars 
would not exchange him unless he would go into 
their servis & he said he would not Do that — he had 
Drawn Rations till then and because he would not go 
into the Regular Servis they stopt his Rations then 
he worked in the same house with me till we went on 
board the Carteal that lay at newtown and went to 
N York before we went from Newtown my father & 
Dr Pomroy went Somewhere and then my father Gave 
me five hundred £ N York Currency and told me he 
had it of Dr Pomroy for which he told me he gave 
Dr Pomroy a note for twenty Pounds in hard money 
and my father told me to put it where the people of 
the house could not find it and said when we got back- 
to Cambridge we could live well I told him we should 
be found out he was very angry with me & said he 
brought me to be a help to him but instead of that I 
was nothing but a plague and said he wished I was at 
home again — then we went to York and while we 
were waiting for the flag to come of I went to work to 
help Lode the Vesel and my father went Back to Dr. 
Pomroy at Newtown and when he came back he 
brought about A thousand Dollars More as near as I 
Can Remember and told me to hide it and said he 
was to have some more as soon as it was struck of and 
Signed — the Next Day he went of again and brought 
so much as with what he told me to hide the Day be- 
fore Made up A thousand pounds that I saw but how 
much more I Dont Know then he had some hard 
money and with that bought Cloathing to send by me 
to his tamely — while we lay at N York one evening 
Benj" whiting Sam 1 Tarbull Will Stark Robt L. 

Fowle Blair two Cummins lien j" Trow my hither 

and myself ware togather at Jn° Strouts in New York 
and I see Benj" Whiting have one thousand Dollars 
in forty Dollar bills and offered my father if he would 
take the Money and put it of att Cambridge or any- 
where in y e Country he would give him five hundred 
Dollars of it which my father took but told me he Re- 



turned it Back then the said Benjamin Whiting Said 
if he could not get any Body to fetch it Meaning the 
money he would fetch it himself for all the D d Bebels 
would be overcome before Next year was out — the 
next Day we Sailed for Boston and after we had got 
to Boston I told my father I would not go back he 
said he believed I had as good go home and told me 
to take the Cloathing with me and carry it home to 
Mother and he counted some money to me vis ten 
forty Dollar Bills & Seaventeen twenty D° and about 
Ninety five Dollars in good Money and told me to be 
carefull I said I was afraid it would hurt me he said 
the money would do him no good and if I was like to 
be hurt by it I might burn it — and then I set of for 
Cambridge and went to Joseph Welcbes and he was 
going to Boston and said he wanted some paper 
money and Asked me if I had any that I could spare 
I told him yes and I gave him fifty six Dollars for a 
Joannes and he went to Boston and came and told 
ine he had got a hors for me and a boy to Carry me 
to Littleton for twenty dollars and said if I would 
give him twenty more he would find another hors for 
my baggage and said he had some more hard money 
& if I would change fifty paper Dollars he would let 
me have another Joannes which I Did and if I would 
give him fifty six Dollars he would let me have two 
Guinnes which I Did I saw a hessian in Cambridge 
and changed fifty Paper Dollars for two Guinnes then 
I left Cambridge and went to Littleton and Cap' Gil- 
bert & I went to boston to Get my father out of the 
nag but Gen 1 Heath would not Permit him to come 
out & there I bought 3 yd 8 of Salloon & 3 yds of Lace 
& Exchanged 3 twenty Dollar bills then I returned 
to Cambridge and there I Met a Negro fellow with a 
watch and I gave him four twenty Dollar bills and 2 
Eight Dollar bills & one four Dollar bill for y e watch 
then I returned to Littleton & from there to Keen 
and got to Beuj n Halls and his Son Annanias asked 
me if I had got any Catchett meaning counterfit 
money I told him yes he Looked on it and told me he 
would put it of for me & Beturn me two thirds of it 
in good money which I consented to Do after that 
Zibia Hall his Brother asked me if I bad any Cat- 
chett I told him I had not for Anna' had got it he 
said he was the wrong Person to give it too for he 
would be to Ventersome I saw Anny after that he 
told me that Zibia wanted it for he had put of A large 
Some of it which if I mistake not was four Hundred 
Dollars & that 30 Dollars was returned Back which 
he could not put of So I went home and was Imme- 
diately taken up and then I sent my Brother Joseph 
to Anna hall for the money I left with him and he 
brought 7 forty Dol Bills & 1 twenty Do & 1 good Do 
& Keep 1 two I had Left ten forty Dollar Bills with 

him & one twenty — My Brother Joseph & I hid the 
money he brought from Anna s Hall in the barn 
Namely 7 forty Dollar bills & 1 twenty Do all the 
Money I mentioned in the foregoing Account that I 
have not Called good I suppose was Counterfit — while 
I was at Cambridge at Joseph Welches Welch In- 
quired of me About the Monmouth Battle & about 
y e Brittish troops I told him they Suffered a Good 
Deal he said the Rebels had it in there papers that 
they ware beat but he Did not Believe it and said he 
wished to God that he was at New York with his 
famely and Enquired if there was any Houses to be 
Let I told him yes but they ware very Dear he Re- 
peated he Wished he was there Dear as they was — 
while I was in New-York I saw one Timothy Lovell 
of Rockingham and one Hubbard of Windsor in y e 
State of Vermont two Refugees and they have both 
stole out since and I saw Lovell in Littleton and he 
told me not to Mention to any Body that he was out 
of New York for it might hurt him and would not 
Do me any Good and he enquired where Maj 1 " Joseph 
Blanchard Lived & said he was going there to Holies 
but nobody suspected that Hubbard had been to N 
York that I know of and he now Lives peaceably at 
home as I have heard I Likewise saw one Joseph 
Durfey of New London in y e State of Connecticut in 
New York He said he Did not know what the Reb- 
ells would Do to him when he came out nor Did not 
care a D d t — d. 

"the foregoing Relation is to the Best of my Re- 
membrance the truth the whole truth and Nothing 
but the truth which I can attest before the Almighty 

" January 8 th 1779. 

" William Baxter. 

"N.B. Said Baxter confessed that his brother 
Joseph told him that annanias Hall told him he put 
off a 40 Dollar bill to one Hall a sadler in Keen, in 
the following way the Sadler gave a good 40 Dollar 
Bill to said annanias to change into small Bills — and 
ann s said after taking the good Bill & could not 
change it, and then gave him a Counterfeit in Lieu." 

William Baxter was arrested by Joel Chaud- 
ler, constable, on a warrant from Nathaniel S. 
Prentice, taken before said Prentice, November 
11, 1778, examined and sent to the General 
Assembly. At the examination before " Squire 
Prentice," Captain Lemuel Holmes testified as 
follows : 

"I Lemuel Holmes of Lawful age Testify and say, 
That as I was Prisoner on Longisland when William 
Baxter who Left his home in Alstead came their with 



his father who came from Boston to Newyork s rt 
William Baxter whilst he continued Their Lived with 
a farmer on Longisland & Laboured for him for hier 
and did not join in the Brittish servis or Draw Either 
Money or Provision from them to my knowledge but 
Lived in a Peacable Retired manner with a farmer 
that appeared To be a friend to america : I further 
say that Simon Baxter father to ye s d William De- 
clared to me that he ordered his son away, and as he 
found it more Difficult to support him their Than he 
Inspected he thought Best for him to Return : S d 
William Baxter came to Longisland some time in 
June Last Past according to my Best Rememberance 
— further this Deponent saith not. 
"Alstead Nov. 2 ye 11, 1778. 

" Lemuel Holmes." 

This was sworn before Nathaniel S. Prentice. 

In House of Representatives, November 18, 
1778, William Baxter was ordered to be de- 
livered to the sheriff, in order to be " sent back 
to New York by the first conveyance." It 
seems that he was not sent, however, but was 
admitted to bail, the bond requiring him not 
to go beyond the limits of Exeter. In May 
following he had a pass to go to Alstead and 
return in twenty days. In July he was granted 
a permit " to pass and repass from Portsmouth 
to Exeter on Business for the printers ; " and 
in April, 1780, he was employed by the Com- 
mittee of Safety to carry letters " to the County 
of Cheshire to call the General Court together," 
for which he was paid one hundred dollars. I 
think some allowance should be made for his 
conduct, on account of his age and his having 
been influenced by his father, although I think 
his statement relative to Dr. Ziba Hall was not 
true. Dr. Hall was a respectable physician in 
Keene for many years. 

"State of New Hampshire, Cheshire, ss. 

" Alstead, Nov. 26, 1781. 

" Whereas the major part of the Selectmen of Surry 
refused to obey the within precept, being under oath 
to the State of Vermont, and having sent the same to 
the Selectmen of Alstead, the major part of whom 
likewise refused to obey the same on the same account. 
We the subscribers Selectmen for Alstead and Surry, 
and all the Selectmen in said Towns that acknowl- 
edge the jurisdiction of New Hampshire, did on the 
ninth of this instant November notify all the legal 

inhabitants of the towns of Surry, Alstead and Marlow 
within mentioned to meet at the house of Mr. Timothy 
Fletcher in Alstead on Monday the 26 th day of this 
instant Nov. at ten o'clock in the forenoon for the 
purpose within mentioned. Who being accordingly 
met made choice of Mr. Absalom Kingsbury to rep- 
resent them in the General Assembly within men- 

" Timothy Fletcher, Selectman for Alstead. 

" W m Russell, Selectman for Surry. 
" In Committee on Claims 1 

Concord June 13, 1783. ) The Bounty paid by 
Alstead to & which has been deducted from David 
Abraham's account amounts to Thirteen pounds Thir- 

teen shillings 

"Attest Josiah Gilman T)'eas. ,, 

David Abraham served also for Gilsum. 

Petition about Taxes. 

"To the Hon ble the council and house of Representa- 
tives for the State of New Hampshire. 
"The Petition of the Town of Alstead within said 
State Humbly Sheweth That considering the great 
Scarcity of a medium of currency we feel the greatest 
impractibility of Discharging our Legal Taxes to the 
State to which we belong by cash. And as there is a 
number of Soldiers from amongst us that have Serv 11 
in the continental Service and a great part of there 
wages is yet due — the greater part of whom are Nesces- 
etated for present Relief and the produce of our 
Husbandry would be that that would grant them Re- 
lief perhaps as well as the cash — the former of which 
is in our Power to Relieve them with when the Latter 
is utterly out of our Power to Supply with at present 
— Therefore your Petitioners pray that they may be 
directed in a mode that your honours in your great 
wisdom Shall point to pay our Quotas of Taxes in 
arrears Imediately to the Soldier for the reasons above 
mentioned and your petitioners as in Duty bound 
Shall Ever pray. 

" Amos Shepherd ] Selectmen of 
"Nathan Fay Alstead 

"John Wood in behalf and 

"Tim Fletcher J by order of the Town 
" Alstead 29 th Sep r 1783." 

General Amos Shepherd was one of the lead- 
ing men of Alstead from 1777 until his death. 
He was noted for industry, economy, honesty 
and fidelity, and acquired a fortune for those 
days ; frequently held positions of trust in the 
town; was elected State Senator in 1786, and 
re-elected fourteen times; was president of that 



body from 1797 to 1804 ; was a member of the 
Council in 1785. He died January 1, 1812. 
Petition of Nathaniel Shepherd, Deer-Eeeve. 

" To the Hon ble the council and house of Represen- 
tatives for the State of New Hampshire, 
" The Petition of Nath 1 Shepherd of Alstead in the 

county of Cheshire state aforesaid. 
" Humbly Sheweth 

" That whereas your petitioner was chosen by the 
Town of Alstead Deer reife for the year of our Lord 
One Thousand Seven hundred & Eighty and your 
Petitioner in Prosecuting his trust in that office under 
oath complained of one Elnathan Jenning as a person 
that had Broke the Law of the State in that case 
made and provided — Unto Nath 1 S. Prentice & 
Thomas Sparhawk Esqs Two of the Justices of s d 
county as Directed in said act and your petitioner at 
a Large Expense of his own pursued the steps of the 
Law and made it appear to the said Justices that the 
said Jennings was actually guilty of killing Deer 
contrary to Law ; there Judgment accordingly was 
that he should pay a fine as the Law Directs which 
the one half thereof was promised by said act to the 
Prosecutor which relying on the faith of the State he 
Expected, but to his great Surprise one of the said 
Justices Received a Special order from the President 
of sd State forbiding him in any way or manner to 
Demand the Said fine of the said Jennings whereby 
he was and hath been ever since kept out of his Right 
as promised in s d act with an additional cost of his 
own Now your Petitioner prays that the aforesaid 
order maybe Revoked or that your Petitioner maybe 
Releived in some other way which your Hon rs in your 
great wisdom shall think proper which your Petiti. 
oner Supposeth he hath an undoubted Right to Ex- 
pect. And your Petitioner as in Duty bound will 

Ever pray. 

"Nathaniel Shepherd. 

" Alstead 23 d Oct r 1783." 

The said Jennings proved that he was in the 
Continental army three and one-half years, was 
driven from Long Island by the British on 
account of his loyalty, came to this State in July, 
1779, did not know anything about the law, 
and was poor and needed the meat for the sub- 
sistence of his family. For these reasons Presi- 
dent Weare issued a special order to stay pro- 

" State of New Hampshire } To the Hon bl ° general 
Cheshire ss. i Assembly. 

" the petition of the inhabitants of the town of Al- 

stead in the County of Cheshire humbly sheweth that 
whereas there was in the year 1780 a Large sum of 
Continental Money Due from this Town to the state 
aforesaid — but for several Reasons (which would be 
irksome to us, as well as Disagreeable to your Honors, 
to mention at this Time we pass them) the aforesaid 
money was not paid into the Treasury in season as it 
ought to have been — but not out of any ill intention 
in us, in regard to the money, or in any manner to 
Defraud, or keep Back, what was really due from us, 
to the said state, the truth of which will appear, by 
reciting one or two paragrafts in one of our Town 
Meetings about that time. 

" the 1 st is this — that this Town will make a settle- 
ment with New Hampshire respecting all Debts that 
we have been with them in contracting 

" the second — Voted to chuse a Committee of three 
men to receive accounts from soldiers — (Viz) those that 
served the last campaign (meaning under the Author- 
ity of New Hampshire) as three months men, and six 
months men, and to take the said soldiers Receipts 
for the same money so paid, this last, as far as the 
money amounted, was to answer the first, and from 
which we humbly conceive, your honors will be Led 
to see, that the people in this Town have not been so 
opposed to the Laws and orders of the general As- 
sembly, as has been represented, and that the people 
have been, was then, and Now are, willing to pay 
there full Quotas of money to Defray the public 
charge — for in that great hurry, and heat of the people 
those two votes before Recited ware obtained— Your 
Honours are as sensable of the Extreem scarcity of 
money thro the state as we can be, and if the Treas- 
urer should be directed to call upon those two men 
in whose hands the aforesaid money now remains for 
so large a sum of hard money — your honours may 
Easily judge the fatal consequences it would prove to 
them and there fameleys. 

" We your petitioners therefore in the most humble 
manner prostrate our selves at the feet of the general 
Assembly humbly praying that your Honours would 
not in your wisdome and goodness by misrepresenta- 
tion impute too much iniquity to the good people in 
this Town — but make some proper allowancies for 
human frailty by extending compassion to those two 
men, and receive the money they had collected before 
the time Expired for receiving Continental money as 
has been done for other Towns in this county those 
two men aforesaid (viz) Nathan Fay, and Zebulon 
Crane are men of veracity who are at this time be- 
trusted with public honours from New Hampshire — 
and whose affidavits in all matters may be relied on — 
this petition is not the prayer [of] one individual, but 
the voice of the people at Large in this Town — who 



with Confidence in your Clemency, and Contrishon in 
our selves present this petition to your wise Consider- 
ation as in Duty bound shall ever pray. 

" Signed by order and in behalf of the inhabitants 
of the Town of Alstead. 

Alstead September 2!>'" 1783. 

Amos Shepherd") 

John wood I Selectmen 

Tim Fletcher J 

" Accp M & voted that the Select men Sign the Same 
in behalf of y e Town 

" Attest Nath 1 S. Prentice Town Clerk" 

In the House of Representatives, December 
26, 1783, it was " Voted, That the prayer of 
said petition be so far granted as to receive the 
money which is now in the hands of Nathan 
Fay, one of the constables, amounting to 
£1530.. 18 s .. 0. Continental Currency & that 
the treasurer discount the same out of the taxes 
called for from the Town of Alstead in the year 

The Council concurred the same day. 

Certificate of Selectmen about Taxes. 
"These may Certify that it appears by Samuel 
Kidders Tux bill for 1783— that Lot N° 5 in the Eighth 
Range was Taxed in the war Tax two shillings and 
tenpence and N° 4 in the Tenth Range three shillings 
and nine pence to the same tax — and to the state tax 
N° 5 in y e Eighth Range 3/10— and N° 4 in y e 10 th 
Range 5/ 2— and in ye County Tax N° 5 in y e 8 th 

Range 1/ all in the said Kidders Tax bills who 

was constable for 1783 which said Lots belong to the 
Confiscated Estate of Simon Baxter an Absentee 
" £0 . . 16 . . 7. 
" Alstead January 21 5t 1786. 

" Isaac Temple 

" BEx.i a Wood 

" Reuben Hatch 

"Joel Chandler 

" Portsm Feby 14, 1786. 

"Received an order for sixteen shillings and seven 


" Amos Shephekd." 

In 1789, Gideon Delano and Eli Snow killed 
a wolf each in Alstead, for which they received 
a State bounty. 

Petition for Authority to Tax Non-Resident 


"To tin- Hon 1,1 ' Senate and house of Representatives 
of the State of New Hampshire in general Court 



Convened at Portsmouth on the 8 th day of January 

A. D. 1790. 

" The Petition of the Selectmen of Alstead humbly 
sheweth that said Town hes a Large Shair of roads 
and Bridges to Support it being a Veri mountainous 
town and to ad to these burdon the County have 
lately laid out a Road through the Southeasterly part 
of said Town through the non-residents Land about 
tbree milds which is no advantage to said inhabitants 
therefore your petitioners pray that the Selectmen 
of said town lay a Tax of two pence per acor on all 
the nonresidence Land in Said town to be Laid out 
on the roads through there own Lands, or other ways 
as you in your great wisdom Shall see meet. 

" and we as in Duty bound shall ever pray. 

!in behalf of 
the Selectmen 
of Alstead." 

January 11, 1790, the matter was before the 
House of Representatives, and a hearing ordered 
for the next session. 

January 21, 1791, a bill granting the author- 
ity asked for was passed and concurred in by 
the Senate. 

Remonstrance against Setting Off a Parish. 

" To his Excellency the Governor and Hon blc General 

Court of New Hampshire. 

" We the subscribers inhabitants of the Town of 
Alstead, being this day informed that a petition is 
circulating in the east part of this Town to the gene- 
ral Court praying to be set off as a Distinct parish ; 
Now we would inform the Hon ble General Court, that 
the situation of this Town is such that a Division 
would be hurtful to the whole on many reasons that 
might be given as the matter is suden and unex- 
pected to us till this date, and the Notice we had 
accidental and the voices of the inhabitants have not 
been asked, and a day of hearing on the said petition 
might be a Large bill of Cost to this Town — we pray 
therefore that the petition aforesaid might not have a 
hearing as in Duty bound shall ever pray. 

" Alstead may 31 th 1793." 

" Reuben Hatch. Nath" Man. 

Job Thompson, Jr. John Worst er. 

Joel Chandler. Ebenezer Palmer. 

Asa Hatch. Paul Robins. 

Absalom Kingsbery. Josiah Crosby. 

Edward Waldo. Ephraim Kingsbeiy. 

Isaac Brown. Noah Vilas. 

John Robbins. Moses Farnsworth. 

Joshua Wood. Lemuel Barker. 



Josiah Robens. 
William thompson. 
John Burroughs. 
Benj a Baxter. 
William Slade. 
Elisha Kingsbery. 
Richard Emerson. 
Daniel Perin. 
John Slade, Jr. 
Daniel Waldo. 
Elkanah Stephens. 
Nath 1 Rust. 
David Hale. 
Frederick wardner. 
Isaac Cady. 
Judah Hatch. 
Phinehas Hatch. 
Joshua Crane. 
Asa Grant. 
Chr s Williams. 
Jonas Parke. 
Mason Hatch. 
John Fletcher. 
Jonathan King. 

Nath 1 Clark. 
Tho s Far ns worth. 
Nath 1 Cooper. 
Amos Shepard. 
William Simons. 
Abel Hebbard. 
Jacob Cheever. 
Sam 1 Slade. 
James Brown. 
Nathaniel Right, Junr. 
Azel Hatch. 
Jacob Wardner. 
Thomas Root. 
Josiah Cook. 
Dan 1 Williams. 
Joseph Cady. 
Josiah Cook, Jr. 
Joseph Peck. 
John Ladd. 
Rich 1 Beckwith. 
Luke Harris. 
Benj a Cutter. 
Jesse Watts. 
David Hodgman . 

Michel Grant. Josiah Brooks. 

James Kingsbery. Roswell Waldo. 

Elias Brown. Gideon Delano." 

Remonstrance of Selectmen. 
" To his Excellency the Governor, the Hon ble senate 
and house of representatives, in General Court 
Assembled, may it please your honors. 
" We, the Subscribers, Selectmen of the Town of 
Alstead, beg Leave to inform your Honors that this 
day we ware inform 4 that a Petition is now Circulat- 
ing in the East part of this Town praying to be set 
off as a distinct Parish, or otherwise, as the General 
Court may think proper. This matter has twice been 
before the inhabitants of this Town and twice Reject- 
ed by a Large majority, as a division of this Town at 
present would be very injurious to this Town in 
General, and they have not brought there petition 
before the inhabitents to know their minds on the 
matter. As selectmen and Guardians of the public 
affairs, we pray the petition aforesaid might not have a 

"Alstead, may 31 th , 1793. 

" Isaac Temple, j Selectmen 
" Oliver Shepard, ) of Alstead." 

Petition for the Incorporation of a Re- 
ligious Society. 

" To the Honorable the Senate and House of Repre- 
sentatives for the State of New Hampshire in 
General Court Assembled. 

" The Petition of a number of Inhabitants of the 
Town of Alstead, in said State 

" Humbly Sheweth, — That whereas your Petition- 
ers, being a compact Society in one part of the Town, 
and some years past built them a meeting-house and 
settled them a Minister, when there was no other set- 
tled minister in the Town, and have ever since paid a 
tax towards the support of their Society by them- 
selves, without being called upon to support the 
ministry any other way; but still we find ourselves 
under some embarrassments, not having legal author- 
ity to call on one another for the taxes so made, and 
having got the approbation of the Town by their Vote 
in Town-meeting — legally appointed therefor — There- 
fore your Petitioners humbly pray that all those now 
paying taxes, or that may hereafter choose to pay 
taxes towards the support of the ministry & meeting- 
house, with us may be incorporated into a Society 
solely for that purpose. And your Petitioners, as in 
duty bound, will pray. 

" Alstead, 26 th Nov r ., 1793. 
"Nath 1 S. Prentice. Larnard Mann. 

Isaac Kent. John Wait. 

Abel Phelps. Stephen Bridgham. 

Oliver Brown. Moses Blanchard. 

William Wood. Paul Gale. 

Laban Johnson. Sardis Miller. 

Spencer Brown. Thomas Wood. 

Solomon Prentice, Jr. Elijah Holbrook. 

Eli Harrington. Jon a Newton. 

Samuel Smith. Benj a Wood. 

Amaziah Wheelock. Asa Whitcomb. 

Elisha Gale. Abra m Brown. 

Sylvester Partridge. John Brooks. 

John Bryant. John Kent. 

Jonathan Atherton. Jesse Fay. 

John Wood. John Brimmer. 

John Bridgham. Eph m Barnard. 

Daniel Newell. Sartell Prentice. 

Nathan Fay. Phineas Olds. 

Thomas Taylor. Samuel Ball. 

Jedidiah Johnson. Abel Childs. 

Thomas Wait. Jonas Newton." 

James Arch. 

The original was signed also by Abel Dut- 
ton, "William Richardson, Aristides Hucstis, 
Timothy Child, Eleazer Miller. 

In House of Representatives, December 31, 
1793, a hearing was ordered for the second 
Wednesday of the next session ; meanwhile the 
petitioners were to post a copy of the petition 
in some public place in the town and deliver a 



copy to the town clerk, which the following 
certificates show was complied with : 

"Cheshire, ss. March 11 th , 1794. This petition and 
order of Court thereon, was delivered to me this day, 
and this day I read it in open Town-meeting, in the 
Town of Alstead. " Isaac Temple, T: Clerk. 

" Agreeable to the order, herein contained, this Pe- 
tition and order of Court has ben Posted up in the 
Town of Alstead. 

" Tho s Taylor, 

" Simon Brooks, Jr., 

" Job Thompson, Jr., 

" James Kingsbury, 


Vote of Town in Favor of the Incorporation 
of a Religious Society. 
" In a warrant, Legally executed, for calling a 
Town-Meeting in the Town of Alstead, on the nine- 
teeth day of Nov br , Last past, was the following arti- 
cle (viz.) article 3 d : 

" To see if the Town will approve of the persons 
paying Taxes to the Rev d Levi Lankton, to be incor- 
porated into a society by themselves, for the purpose 
of Maintaining their minister and Meeting-house. 

" In Town-Meeting, Nov br 19 th , 1793, article 3 d , the 
Question being put wheather the inhabitants of this 
Town will approve of the persons paying Taxes to the 
Rev d Levi Lankton, to be incorporated into a society 
by themselves, for the purpose of Maintaining their 
minister and Meeting-house, passed in the affirma- 
tive. " A true copy of Record 

"Attest — Isaac Temple, T: Clerk. 
" Alstead, Dec br 20 th , 1793." 

" At the annual Meeting of the Inhabitants of the 
town of Alstead, holden March 10 th , 1795. 

" Article 16 th , — To see if the inhabitants aforesaid 
will vote that the persons that now do or may here- 
after pay Taxes to the Rev d Levi Lankton may be In- 
corporated into a Society for the purpose of Soporting 
their Minister and Meeting-House. 
" Passed in the affirmative. 
" Alstead, May 13 th , 1795. 
" Moses Hale, 
"Daniel Pekin, 
" Abel Phelps, 
" Jn° Brigham, 
"EPHPwVIM Kingsbery, 
" The above is a true copy of record. 

" Attest, Daniel Perin, Town Clerk." 

Selectmen of 

The foregoing petitions, etc., resulted in the 
incorporation of a society by the name of 
the Second Parish in Alstead, the act passing 
the House June 15, 1795, the Senate the next 
day, and receiving the approval of Governor 
Oilman, June 18, 1795. 

Petition of Elisha Kingsbery for Loan. 
"To the Honorable the Senate and House of Repre- 
sentatives of the State of New Hampshire, to be 
Convened at Amherst in said State on Wednesday, 
the fourth day of June, 1794. 

" Humbly Sheweth your Petitioner. 

" That your Petitioner did, in the year 1792, at 
great Expence, build a Linceed Oil Mill, and in the 
year 1793, on his own Expence, & on the same Dam 
build a Paper Mill, both which mills are nearly 
finished and do good business to the great advantage 
and benefit of the Public in this part of the State. 
That your Petitioner finds a great demand for his 
Paper, not only in this, but in the Neighbouring 
State of Vermont, so that not only the saving of the 
importation of that valuable article in this part of the 
State is made, but is also likely to bring a considera- 
ble Quantity of money into this part of the State. — 
That the demand for paper has increased so much that 
he finds himself unable to procure Stock sufficient to 
supply all his customers by reason of this great ex- 
pence in Constructing his works. 

" Therefore prays that your Honors would grant 
him the Loan of two hundred pounds for one or two 
years, upon security of the Mortgage of the Mill, to 
the state that he may be enabled to carry on his 
works to the better advantage of the publick and save 
the importation of those articles into this part of t In- 
state. And your Petitioner, as in Duty bound will 
ever pray. 

" Alstead, May 31 st , 1794. 

" Elisha Kingsbery." 

The foregoing was before the Legislature 
June 9, 1794, and a committee appointed to 
consider the matter ; but I am unable to find any 
record of their report. — (Hammond.) 




Geography and Geology. — Chesterfield 
is bounded on the north by Westmoreland and 
Keene, on the east by Keene and Swanzey, on 
the south by Winchester and Hinsdale, on the 
west by the Connecticut River, or, more strictly 
speaking, by Brattleborough and Dummerston, 
in Vermont. The area of the town, exclusive 
of the Connecticut, which flows along its 
western border for a distance of about six 
miles, is probably between forty-two and forty- 
four square miles. The first recorded per- 
ambulation of the town lines took place in 
1793, at which time the line between Chester- 
field and Westmoreland was measured by 
Jonas Robbins, of the latter town, and found 
to have a length of " seven miles and three- 
fourths and forty-four rods," its direction being 
" east, 10° 13f south." 

The line running from the northeast corner 
of Chesterfield to the southwest corner of 
Keene was described as having: a length of 
one mile and sixteen rods, and a direction of 
"south, 8° 30' east;" and the line running 
from the southwest corner of Keene to the 
northwest corner of Swanzey as having a 
length of two hundred and sixty-three rods, 
and a direction of " east, 8° 30' south." The 
line between Chesterfield and Swanzey was 
surveyed the same year by John Braley, and 
was described as having a direction (starting 
from the northwest corner of Swanzey) of 
" south, 33|° west ; " but its length was not 

stated. According to measurements made at 
a later date, this line has a length of nearly 
four and one-half miles. 

The same surveyor also surveyed, in 1793, 
the line that separates Chesterfield from Win- 
chester and Hinsdale, and found it to have a 
direction of " west, 10|° north," starting from 
the southeast corner of Chesterfield. The 
length of this line was also not stated, but it 
is about seven and seven-eighths miles. 

The surface of the town is, for the most part, 
hilly, the meadows and plains being compara- 
tively limited. At a few points on the Con- 
necticut there are small meadows and plains, 
some of the latter having an elevation of two 
hundred feet, or more, above the river. There 
are also small meadows in other parts of the 
town, through which flow some of the larger 

Wantastiquet, or West River Mountain, lies 
in the extreme southwest corner of Chesterfield 
and northwest corner of Hinsdale. This 
mountain rises abruptly from the Connecticut, 
and has an altitude of about twelve hundred 
feet above sea-level. From its summit, in the 
days of the early settlements, the Indians are 
said to have watched the operations of the 
settlers in the vicinity of Fort Dummer. 
Hence, the name of Indians' Great Chair has 
been applied to a particular portion of the 
summit of this mountain. The longer axis of 
Wantastiquet is nearly parallel to the river, 
and has a length of from three to four miles. 

There are several hills in the town worthy of 




mention. Mount Pistareen, near Chesterfield 
Factory, has an altitude;, probably, of about 
one thousand feet above the level of the sea. 
Streeter Hill, in the northwestern quarter of 
the town, is so called because it was at one 
time inhabited by several families of the name 
of Streeter. Its altitude is somewhat greater 
than that of Pistareen. Atherton Hill, in the 
cistern part of Chesterfield, received its name 
from the eircn instance that Joseph Atherton 
settled on it in 1795. There are several other 
hills in the town that are higher than Streeter 

There are no large streams of water flowing 
through Chesterfield, but the Connecticut flows 
along its western border. Its height above 
sea-level, at a point opposite Brattleborough, is 
two hundred and fourteen feet. 

The largest brook, flowing wholly within 
the limits of the town, is Catsbane Brook. 
This stream rises in the low lands south of the 
( ientre village, and in the vicinity of Barrett 
Hill, and flows in a northwesterly direction for 
the distance of about five miles, emptying into 
the Connecticut near the West village. The 
name of this brook can only be accounted for 
by the following tradition, which has been 
handed down from the first settlers : At a very 
early period in the town's history two men, 
who were traveling through the forest, stopped 
on the banks of the brook to eat their lunch. 
Having finished their meal, one of the men 
said he wished to set out again on the journey. 
The other replied that he wished to take 
another draught of the water of the brook 
before leaving. " For your sake," said his 
companion (using at the same time certain 
emphatic words), "I wish this water had 
catsbane in it!" He probably meant rats- 
bane. In all probability, this singular name 
was applied to the brook a number of years 
before the settlement of the town. 

Partridge Brook, in some respects the most 
important stream that has its origin in the 
town, is the outlet of Spaflbrd's Lake. It 
takes the water of the lake from the "channel" 

near Factory village, flows a short distance in 
a southeasterly direction, then, turning sharply 
to the northward, plunges down through a 
deep gorge, and flows on, for a distance of 
about two miles, to the Westmoreland line. 
From the line it continues its course in a 
northwesterly direction through Westmoreland, 
for a distance of four miles, or more, and 
empties into the Connecticut near the county 
farm. It is certain that this brook was known 
by its present name before Chesterfield was 
settled, inasmuch as it was called Partridge 
Brook, in the proprietary records of West- 
moreland, as early as 1752. There are also 
several other brooks in Chesterfield of lesser 

Spafford's Lake lies nearly in the centre of 
the northern half of the town. According to 
au estimate based on the proprietors' chart, or 
plan, this beautiful sheet of water has an area 
of about seven hundred square acres. This 
estimate may be somewhat too small ; but, from 
all the information the writer can obtain 
relating to this subject, it appears to him that 
the area of this lake cannot exceed one thou- 
sand acres. The shore of the lake is, for the 
most part, either sandy or rocky ; and its water 
is remarkably pure, being supplied, in great 
part, by springs beneath its surface. 

Pierce's Island, in the southwestern part of 
the lake, contains from four to six acres. 
Indian relics — principally stone pestles and 
arrow-heads — have been found on it. 

It is not known with certainty how the lake 
came by its name of Spatford's Lake, but the 
tradition has always been that a man of the 
name of Spafford once lived near its shore ; 
hence its name. 

There are good reasons for believing that the 
lake received its name before the town was 
actually settled, and that the Spafford who is 
said to have lived near its shore was a hunter, 
whose residence was only temporary. 

Catsbane Island, which lies about half a mile 
below the mouth of Catsbane Brook, in the 
< oimecticut, is worthy of mention. This island 



— which is in view from the lower ferry — con- 
tains but a few acres, and is principally noted 
as being, in all probability, near the place 
where the Indians crossed the river on their 
way to Canada, after having defeated Sergeant 
Taylor's party in July, 1748. It is possible, 
however, that the place called " Cattsbane," in 
Sergeant Taylor's diary, was the mouth of 
Catsbane Brook. 

The rocks of Chesterfield belong principally to 
that group of rocks denominated by Professor C. 
H. Hitchcock the Coos Group, and consist of 
quartzite, gneiss, mica slate, mica schist, horn- 
blende rock and conglomerate. In the south- 
eastern quarter of the town there is found, in 
great abundance, a rock called porphyritic 
gneiss. This rock is not found in the western 
part of the town. No valuable minerals have 
been found in any considerable quantities; yet, 
iron ore was discovered many years ago on 
Wantastiquet, and graphite, or plumbago, may 
exist in some localities. The so-called mine 
on Wantastiquet is in Hinsdale. Quartz is 
found in considerable qualities ; in one or two 
localities, in a pulverulent condition. Inferior 
specimens of tourmaline have also been found. 

Numerous evidences of the action of mov- 
ing ice in the Glacial Period exist in the town. 
In some locations the ledges are grooved and 
striated in a way peculiar to those regions that 
have been subjected to glacial action. Enor- 
mous boulders, evidently brought from a great 
distance, in some instances have been deposited 
upon the highest hills. 

Near the mouth of the Catsbane Brook are 
examples of river terraces. The height of the 
terraces in Chesterfield and Westmoreland va- 
ries from three hundred and fifty to four hun- 
dred feet above the sea. No fossils are known 
to have been discovered in Chesterfield, the 
rocks, for the most part, not being of a kind 
known as " fossiliferous." 

Incorporation and Settlement. — Pend- 
ing the King's decision respecting the dividing 
line between Massachusetts and New Hamp- 

shire, the General Court of the former province 
granted upwards of thirty townships between 
the Merrimack and Connecticut Rivers. The 
township that lay just north of Arlington 
(which embraced a portion of the territory now 
belonging to Hinsdale and Winchester) and 
east of the Connecticut was called Township 
No. 1, and was nearly identical with the pres- 
ent township of Chesterfield. Townships Nos. 
1, 2, 3 and 4 were accepted by the General 
Court of Massachusetts, November 30, 1736. 
Samuel Chamberlain, of Westford, Mass., was 
empowered, December 13, 1737, to call the first 
meeting of the proprietors of No. 1 for organi- 
zation. It is not known, however, that any 
settlement was attempted in this township 
under the Massachusetts charter. In fact, the 
incursions of the French and Indians into this 
part of the Connecticut Valley rendered any 
attempt to settle the new township extremely 
hazardous for some years subsequent to 1737. 

A treaty of peace between France and Eng- 
land was signed at Aix-la-Chapelle, October 7, 
1748 ; but, in this country, hostilities did not 
wholly cease for some time ; for, June 20, 1749, 
the Indians assaulted No. 4, and carried off 
Enos Stevens, son of Captain Stevens. In 
1750, '51 and '52 there was peace in the Con- 
necticut Valley. Movements were now made 
to get the townships that had been chartered by 
Massachusetts, but which had been severed from 
that province by the final determination of the 
southern boundary of New Hampshire, rechar- 
tered by the government of the latter province. 

Some time in the year 1751, Josiah Willard, 
John Arms and fifty-six others petitioned Gov- 
ernor Benning Wentworth to recharter Town- 
ship No. 1. The following is a copy of the 
petition : 
"Province of) To His Excellency Benning Went- 

: f l 

New Hamp r . J worth, Esq., Gov r in and over His 
Maj ,ys Province of New Hainp r , &c, the Hon 1 His 
Maj' ya Council. 

" The Petition of the Subscribers Humbly Shews 
that Sundry of your Petitioners some years before the 
last Indian War had entered on a tract of Land 



Called N°. One, on the Easterly Side Connecticut 
River, and adjoining to the same next above Win- 
chester, under the Grant of the Massachusetts Bay, 
but since the Dividing line Between the s d Massa- 
chusetts and the Province of New Harnp 1 " has been 
ascertained by his Majesty, Wee find that the same 
falls within the Province of New Hampshire, and are 
Desirous to pursue our former Intention of making 
a Settlement there if we may be favored with a grant 
from his Majesty of that township, under Such Re- 
strictions as other Towns Holding under his Maj- 
esty in this Province. 

•' Wherefore your Petitioners pray that a Grant 
may be made them of the said Township N°. one, in 
Such a way and manner as y r Excellency & Hon rs 
See meet, & y r Peti rs as in Duty Bound Shall ever 
pray — ." 

In accordance with this petition, Governor 
Wentworth, with the advice and consent of the 
Council, granted a charter, February 11, 1752, 
to Josiah Willard and others, incorporating 
Township No. 1 under the name of Chester- 
field. Why this name was bestowed upon No. 
1, when it was rechartered, is not known with 

It is probable, however, that the name was 
given to the town by Governor Wentworth 
and his Council, either in honor of the Earl of 
Chesterfield or the town of the same name in 
England. Certain circumstances lead to the 
belief that the name was bestowed in honor of 
the former. In the first place, the Earl of 
Chesterfield was a man of much note at the time 
the town was rechartered, having not only 
held important government offices, but having 
just brought about an important reform of the 
calendar, that took effect the same year (1752). 
He was also distinguished as an orator and 
writer. In the second place, it is well known 
that Governor Benning Wentworth was fond 
of naming towns in New Hampshire in honor 
of distinguished men and places in England. 

The names of the grantees of Chesterfield, 
as appended to the charter, were as follows: 

"Josiah Willard, Nathan Willard, Valentine But- 
ler, John Arms, John Arms, Jun'r, Oliver Butler, 
Oliver Willard, Oliver Willard, Jun'r, Josiah Wil- 
lard, Jun'r, Nathan Willard, Jun'r, Wilder Willard, 

John Moore, William Willard, Caleb Trobridge, 
William Lawrence, John Hunt, Simon Hunt, Jona- 
than Hubbard, Samuel Kennada, Solomon Willard, 
Billy Willard, Simon Cooley, Joseph Willard, Wil- 
liam Deen, Simon Stone, Peter Oliver, David Hub- 
bard, Thomas Pain, John Wheelwright, Nathaniel 
Wheelwright, Joseph Wheelwright, Jeremiah Wheel- 
wright, Simon Willard, Benj'a Lynd, John Spafford, 
Silas Spafford, Sam'l Davis, Phineas Wait, Joanna 
Wetherby, Elias Alexander, John Brooks, James 
Whitney, Abraham Kendel, Benj'a French, Josiah 
Brown, Ebenez'r Day, John French, Jun'r, Sam'l 
Greeley, Will'm Spalding, Moses Gould, Will'm 
Down, Kobert Fletcher, David Field, Sam'l Field, 
David Sterns, John Kendel, Daniel Kendell, James 
Stootley, His Excellency, Benning Wentworth, Esq., 
one tract of land to contain five hundred acres, one 
whole share for the Incorporated Society for the prop- 
agation of the Gospel in foreign parts, one whole 
share for the first settled minister of the Gospel in 
said Town, one whole share for a Glebe for the min- 
istry of the Church of England, as by law estab- 
lished. Samuel Wentworth, of Boston, Theodore 
Atkinson, Richard Wibird, Samuel Smith, John 
Downing, Sampson Sheaffe, Jno. Wentworth." 

Theodore Atkinson was secretary of the 
province. Richard Wibird, Samuel Smith, 
Sampson Sheaffe and John Downing were 
members of the Council at the time the town- 
ship was regranted. 

Colonel Josiah Willard, the leading grantee, 
was, for many years, a resident of Winchester. 

The charter of Chesterfield is similar to those 
of other towns granted by Governor Went- 
worth. The township is described therein as 
follows : 

"All that tract or parcel of land situate, lying and 
being within our said Province of New Hampshire, 
containing by admeasurement twenty-three thousand and 
forty acres, which tract is to contain six miles square, 
and no more ; out of which an allowance is to be 
made for highways and unimprovable lands by rucks, 
ponds, mountains and rivers, one thousand and forty 
acres free, according to a plan and survey thereof, 
made by our Governour's order, and hereunto an- 
nexed, butted and bounded as follows, — viz.: begin- 
ning and adjoining to a stake and stones near the 
bank of Connecticut river, which is the northwest- 
erly corner bound of a place called Winchester, 
thence running south seventy-eight degrees east upon 
Winchester line aforesaid, till it meets with the 



western line of the lower Ashuelots, so called, then 
carrying all the breadth of land between the river 
of Connecticut aforesaid and the said Ashuelots, so 
far up northerly as will make the contents of six miles 
square, bounding on this extent by a stake and stones 
near the bank of the river, and thence running south, 
seventy-eight degrees east, till it meets with the Ash- 
uelots aforesaid." 

The charter provided that the township 
should be divided into seventy equal shares, 
and that a tract of land near the centre of the 
same should be " reserved and marked out for 
town lots," containing one acre each. Every 
grantee was entitled to one of these lots. In 
accordance with a provision of the charter, the 
town was surveyed (as were also Westmoreland 
and Walpole at the same time) and a plan of 
it drawn by Josiah Willard and Benjamin 

This plan was finished March 18, 1752, and 
is now in the office of the Secretary of State, 
at Concord. It shows that the general out- 
lines of Chesterfield were about the same when 
the first survey under the new charter was 
made as they are now. The line between 
Keene and Chesterfield, running from the 
northeast corner of the latter town to the south- 
west corner of the former, was stated to be about 
two hundred and twenty-five rods in length. 
The same line, as measured by Jonas Robbins, 
in 1793, was found to be "one mile and six- 
teen rods" long, or one hundred and eleven 
rods longer than in 1752. From this circum- 
stance it might be inferred that this line had 
been lengthened before 1793, and that the line 
between Swanzey and Chesterfield, which was 
described in the original plan as being five 
miles and one hundred and eighty rods long, 
correspondingly shortened. No record of any 
such alterations in these lines has, however, 
been found. 

Owing to the loss of the proprietary records, 
nothing is known concerning the meetings of 
the proprietors of the town, or the business 
transacted at such meetings, save what is to be 
inferred from the proprietors' " chart," or plan 

of the town, which, fortunately, has been pre- 
served, and is in tolerably good condition. It 
is not known when or by whom this plan was 
made ; but it is evident that it was made as 
early as 1760 or 1761, inasmuch as the earliest 
deeds sometimes refer to it. 

Governor Wentworth's share (five hundred 
acres) lay in the northwest corner of the town, 
and is known at the present day as the Gover- 
nor's Farm. According to the plan, John 
Went worth also had a share of three hundred 
acres. These two shares are indicated on the 
plan as " B. and J. Wentworth's shares," and 
formed a tract bounded on the north by West- 
moreland line and on the west by Connecticut 
River. It had an average length of about six 
hundred and eighty-seven rods and a width of 
two hundred rods. Aaron Smith, son of Moses 
Smith, the first settler, settled on Governor B. 
Wentworth's share about 1767, as did after- 
wards his brother, Benjamin Smith. John 
Wentworth's share was located just east of the 
Governor's Farm, and was purchased by Wil- 
liam Randall in 1780. 

The glebe is not marked on the plan, but 
lay in the southeast quarter of the town. The 
minister's share consisted of lots No. 5 in the 
first, fifth and eighth ranges of lots, and the 
tenth house-lot in the ninth range. Concerning 
the location of the share reserved for the " In- 
corporated Society for the Propagation of the 
Gospel in Foreign Parts," nothing is known. 

Nor is it now known whether the " town- 
lots," mentioned in the charter, were ever laid 
out or not ; but it is certain that some of the 
hundred-acre lots, near the central part of the 
town, were divided into " half-lots," or " fifty- 
acre lots," which are sometimes designated in 
old deeds as " house-lots." 

A whole share consisted, nominally, of three 
lots, of one hundred acres each; but is appears 
that most of the proprietors also owned one 
" house-lot " each. 

Although circumstances were apparently fa- 
vorable for immediately settling the new town- 



ship at the time the new charter was granted, 
no settlement was effected till nine years after- 
wards. The last French and Indian War, 
which soon broke out, rendered the establish- 
ment of new settlements in the Connecticut 
Valley, north of the Massachusetts line, ex- 
tremely difficult and hazardous. 

But the complete conquest of Canada by the 
English, in 1760, put an end to the incursions 
of the French and Indians, and peace once 
more reigned in the valley of the Connecti- 

The grantees of Chesterfield, having been un- 
able to carry out the provisions of the charter 
within the specified time (five years), petitioned 
the Governor and Council for an extension of 
time, in order that their grants might not be 
forfeited. In accordance with this petition, the 
charter was "lengthened out," June 11, 1760. 
The term of one year was granted for the ful- 
fillment of the conditions imposed upon the 
grantees, which term was to be renewed annu- 
ally " till His Majesty's plenary instructions 
could be received." 

On the 20th day of February, 1761, Moses 
Smith, who at that time was said to be " of 
Hinsdale," purchased of Oliver Willard, of 
Brattleborough, one whole right, or share, in the 
township of Chesterfield, which right, or share, 
belonged to the said Willard by virtue of his being 
one of the grantees. The numbers of the lots were 
not given in the deed, but it is known that two 
of them were the lots numbered 14 and 15, in 
the sixteenth range ; the other was probably 
lot No. 11, in the second range. Oliver Willard 
also owned house-lot No. 10, in the twelfth range. 
Having secured some of the best land in the 
new township, Moses Smith made preparations 
for establishing a home upon the same for him- 
self and family. Accordingly, in the month of 
November, 1761, as the tradition has always 
been, he and his son-in-law, William Thomas, 
came up the Connecticut in canoes or boats, for 
the purpose of making the first settlement in 
the town <>{' ( Ihesterfield. 

The exact date of this event is uncertain, as 
it has been stated to be both the loth and the 
25th of November. Larkin G. Mead, Esq., 
who wrote a brief sketch of Chesterfield for the 
" Historical Collections," in 1822, adopted the 
latter date. There can be no doubt, however, 
that it was in the month of November, 1761, 
that the first settlement was effected by Smith 
and Thomas. 

Both men brought their families with them ; 
Smith's consisting, so far as known, of his wife 
Elizabeth, and his sons, Aaron, Moses, Amos, 
Joseph, Benjamin and Reuben. Of these sons, 
Aaron, the oldest, was about twenty-one years 
old ; Reuben, the youngest, was about three 
years old. Thomas' family consisted, prob- 
ably, only of himself and wife, Mary, Smith's 

Smith built a log cabin on lot No. 14, in 
the sixteenth range. The place where this 
stood is a short distance north of the present 
residence of his great-grandson, George Smith, 
and a few rods east of the highway, which, at 
this point, runs near the bank of the river. 

The site of the cabin is still indicated by a 
depression in the plain. 

Thomas erected his cabin near the river's 
bank, at a point about one mile and a half be- 
low Smith's " pitch." It stood a few rods east 
of the lower ferry, and a few feet north of the 
present highway leading easterly from the 
same. Its site is still marked by a depression 
in the earth, and a mound adjoining the depres- 
sion on its eastern side. This mound consists, 
in great part, of ashes and charcoal. 

When spring came, the work of clearing a 
patch for cultivation was probably begun, al- 
though the work of felling trees may have 
been prosecuted throughout the winter, when 
the weather permitted. 

On the 25th day of April, 1762, Thomas' 
wife gave birth to the first white child born in 
the town. This child was called Mary. She 
married Lemuel Stoddard. 

There are reasons for believing that the first 



male child born of white parents in Chester- 
field was Lotan Hildreth, son of Jonathan 
Hildreth, born March 29, 1763. 

It is greatly to be regretted that the history 
of the town from the date of settlement to the 
year 1767 is almost a complete blank. The 
town records begin with the latter date ; so 
that, on account of the loss of the proprietary 
records, as already stated, we have but little to 
guide us in our study of this period, save a few 
traditions and what can be gleaned from a few 
old deeds. It is certain, however, that a large 
number of families had become established in 
the town before 1767. In the spring of 1762, 
Captain Simon Davis, of Greenwich, Mass., 
and Abel Emmons settled in the western part 
of the town ; and some time the same year 
Peter Wheeler also came to settle. A .saw-mill 
is also said to have been constructed this year 
by John Snow and Moses Smith. The pro- 
prietors granted two pieces of land to them, on 
condition that they should erect a mill, keep it 
in good repair for the following five years, and 
saw boards at as reasonable a rate as was done 
in other places. There is a tradition that, after 
the first boards were sawed, they were laid down 
so as to form a kind of rude floor, upon which 
the settlers danced, to celebrate the event. 

This mill was built on Catsbane Brook, in 
the western part of the "town, and stood near 
the place where Warren W. Farr's house now 
stands. A grist-mill was also erected, at an 
early period, near this saw-mill. Both mills 
were carried away by a freshet in the summer 
of 1826. 

The following persons are known to have 
settled in Chesterfield before 1767 : 

Ephraim Baldwin and Jonathan Cobleigh, 
as early as 1763 ; Daniel Farr, Samuel Farr, 
and Nathan Thomas, as early as 1764; Jonathan 
Farr, Jr., and Timothy Ladd, in 1765; Eleazer 
Cobleigh and Silas Thompson, in 1766. 

Of course, the above-named settlers, with 

their families, constituted but a small part of 

the whole number that were in the town in the 

year 1767, which year Chesterfield had three 
hundred and sixty-five inhabitants. Among 
those who had become residents before the 
last-mentioned date were Jonas Davis, Ebenezer 
Davison, Thomas Emmons, Jonathan and 
Samuel Hildreth, James Robertson, James 
Wheeler and Nathaniel Bingham. 

As already stated, the town records begin 
with the year 1767; but there are reasons for 
believing that town-meetings had been held an- 
terior to that date, the records of which have 
been lost. 

The following is a copy of the warrant for a 
town-meeting held on the second Tuesday in 
June, 1767 : 

"Province of New Hampshire. 

To Samuel Hildreth, constable in and for the town 
of Chesterfield : you are, in his majeste's name, here- 
by commanded to warn all the Inhabitans of Sd 
town to meet att the house of Jonas Daviss In Sd 
town, on the Second tuesday of June Next, att one 
o'Clock in the afternoon, then and there to act on the 
following articels : 

" 1. To Chuse a moderator to govarn Sd meeting. 
" 2. To Se whether the Town will Raise money to 
Defray town Charges and hire Schooling. 

" 3. To See whether the town will hire preaching. 
"4. to See whether the town will Except of the 
Roads as they are now Laid out. 

" make Due Return of this warrant att or before 
Sd Day apinted for Sd meeting. 

" Dated Chesterfield may ye 14, A. D. 17G7. 
" Simon Davis, 

" John Snow, Selectmen 

" Jonathan Hildreth, } of 

" Eleazer Cobleigh, I Chesterfield." 
" Ebenezer Davison, J 

At the meeting called by the above warrant 
Captain Simon Davis was chosen moderator. 
The sum of five pounds, lawful money, was 
voted to defray town charges, and the River 
road, running from Westmoreland line to Hins- 
dale line, was accepted. 

Several other new roads were also accepted 
at the same meeting. 

It appears from a brief record of a meeting 
held July 5, 1768, that the town voted to build 
a road " from the road that goes to Keene, 



along by the potash [potashery], to the road 
that goes to Winchester." 

The record for 1769 is a complete blank. In 
1770 the record begins anew, and from that 
time to the present is unbroken. On the 16th 
day of January, 1770, Josiah Willard, the 
leading grantee, was petitioned by thirteen of 
the inhabitants of Chesterfield to issue a war- 
rant for a meeting to be held in the following 
March. The petitioners stated that they had 
lost their " charter privileges " of holding town- 
meetings. At the meeting called in accordance 
with this petition Mr. Willard was present, 
and administered the oath of office to the offi- 
cers who were chosen. 

In 1773 the population of the town num- 
bered seven hundred and forty-seven persons, 

viz., — 

Unmarried men, sixteen to sixty 55 

Married men, sixteen to sixty 109 

Males under sixteen 224 

Males sixty and upwards 12 

Unmarried females 220 

Married females 120 

Widows 7 


Total 747 

In 1775 the number of inhabitants was eight 

hundred and seventy-four, viz., — 

Males under sixteen 241 

Males sixteen to fifty, not in the army... 155 

Males above fifty 30 

Persons gone in the army 36 

Females 412 


Total 874 

The settlers who came in during the first two 
or three years after 1761 appear to have lo- 
cated, for the most part, in the western and 
central portions of the town ; but by the year 
1770 they seem to have been pretty evenly 
distributed over its territory, except in the 
easternmost parts of the same. As nearly as 
can 1>«' ascertained, there were very few settlers 
in the southeast quarter of the town previous 
to 1780, especially in that part of it known as 

"Hardscrabble." From about 1780 to 1805, 
however, numerous settlers came into that quar- 
ter, which, in spite of its ruggedness and rocki- 
ness, has produced some of the best citizens of 
the town. 

The " New Boston " District, which may be 
roughly defined as comprising the upper half 
of the valley of Leavitt's Brook, was partially 
settled before 1770. It appears to have pos- 
sessed its maximum number of inhabitants be- 
tween 1790 and 1800. 

A settlement was established at an early 
period on Streeter Hill, which had for many 
years a pretty numerous population. Even the 
" Dish Land," which lies to the northward of 
Streeter Hill, was once partially occupied by 

The earliest settlers built, of course, log 
houses ; but, John Snow's saw-mill having been 
erected in 1762, some of those who came after- 
wards built very small frame houses. As the 
families became larger, or as the owners became 
more prosperous, many of the log houses were 
replaced with better ones, or the small frame 
houses were enlarged. 

There is a tradition that, one or more winters 
in the early history of the town, some of the 
settlers in the western part of it were obliged 
to go almost to the extreme eastern part to get 
hay for their horses and cattle, drawing it home 
on hand-sleds. The hay thus obtained had 
been cut in certain swales, and consisted of wild 

Wolves and bears were more or less trouble- 
some to the early settlers, sometimes killing 
their sheep, pigs and calves. Wolves appear 
to have been numerous at one time, and even 
since the year 1800 have been occasionally 
killed in the town, as have also bears. It, is 
said that John Darling, Sr., who first settled on 
Barrett Hill, used to hunt these animals for the 
bounty that was paid for their destruction, and 
obtained considerable money in this way. 

On one occasion a party of men from five 
towns assembled at the house of Abraham 



Stearns, in the eastern part of the town, for a 
grand bear-hunt. They succeeded in killing 
one bear, for which Mr. Stearns (probably in 
his capacity of selectman) gave them, as boun- 
ty, a barrel of rum valued at twenty dollars ; 
and they remained at his house till they had 
drunk it all ! 

Though the early settlers were, in general, 
hardy and robust, they appear to have been as 
much afflicted by contagious and epidemic dis- 
eases as the latter generations, and probably 
more so. .Especially was this the case with the 
children, who suffered much from scarlet-fever 
and what was then called " throat-ail," a dis- 
ease that appears to have been very similar to, 
if not identical with, diphtheria. Fevers of 
various kinds sometimes raged, causing many 
deaths among young and old. The crowding 
of large families into verv small houses, and 
the want of means for combating disease, 
necessarily caused great mortality in the case of 
epidemic and contagious diseases. 

The records of deaths are so few and imper- 
fect that it is impossible to ascertain how many 
persons died in the town in any year when the 
mortality was unusually large ; but the little 
grave-stones occasionally found standing in a 
row, or near together, in the old cemeteries, are 
sad evidences of the mortality that sometimes 
existed among the children. How many were 
buried to whose memory no stones w T ere ever 
erected no one can tell. 

Chesterfield During the War of the 
Revolution. — At a town-meeting held in 
Chesterfield, January 17, 1775, it was voted to 
accept of the result of the General Congress 
held at Philadelphia in the autumn of the 
preceding year, and to pay this town's propor- 
tion of the expense of another Congress to be 
held in the same city the following May. 
Lieutenant Brown, Lieutenant Hinds, Nathan- 
iel Bingham, Silas Thompson and Ephraim 
Baldwin were chosen a committee " to draw up 
articles," and make return of the proceedings 
of the meeting to the Provincial Committee. 

In the warrant for the annual town-meeting, 
held on the 1st day of March, the same year, 
was the following article : " To see if the town 
will choose a committee, agreeable to the advice 
of the Continental Congress, whose business it 
shall be attentively to observe the conduct of 
all persons touching said Congress." Ensign 
Moses Smith, Deacon Silas Thompson and 
Lieutenant Jacob Hinds were chosen a com- 
mittee for the purpose stated in the warrant. 

On the 14th day of the next December 
a town-meeting was held, at which Archibald 
Robertson was chosen to represent Chesterfield 
and Hinsdale in the Provincial Congress, 
to be held at Exeter on the 21st day of the 
same month. Captain Shattuck, Aaron Cooper, 
Captain Hildreth, Ensign Smith and Lieuten- 
ant Fletcher were constituted a committee to give 
Mr. Robertson his instructions. 

Previous to September of this year (1775) 
thirty-six Chesterfield men went into the army, 
the most of them enlisting in Colonel James 
Reed's regiment. The " Army Rolls " in the 
office of the adjutant-general of the State show 
that this town paid bounties to the amount of 
£40 6s. Sd. to men who enlisted on account of 
the Lexington alarm. 

On the 14th of March, 1776, the General 
Congress passed the following resolution : 

" Resolved, That it be recommended to the several 
Assemblies, Conventions and Councils, or Commit- 
tees of Safety of the United Colonies, immediately to 
cause all persons to be disarmed, within their respec- 
tive Colonies, who are notoriously disaffected to the 
cause of America, or who have not associated, and 
refuse to associate, to defend by Arms the United 
Colonies against the hostile attempts of the British 
fleets and armies." 

This resolution having been received by the 

Committee of Safety for the colony, it was 

transmitted to the selectmen of the towns 

throughout the whole colony, together with the 

following request : 

"Colony or New Hampshire. 
" In Committee of Safety, April 12th, 1776. 
" In order to carry the underwritten Resolve of 



the Honorable Continental Congress into execution, 
you are requested to desire all males above twenty- 
one years of age (lunatics, idiots and negroes excep- 
ted) to sign to the Declaration on this paper ; and 
when so done to make return thereof, together with 
the name or names of all who shall refuse to sign the 
same, to the General Assembly or Committee of Safety 

of this Colony. 

" M. Weare, Chairman." 


" We, the Subscribers, do hereby Solemnly engage 
and promise that we will, to the utmost of our Power, 
at the Risque of our Lives and Fortunes, with Arms, 
oppose the Hostile proceedings of the British Fleets 
and Armies against the United American Colonies." 

The selectmen of Chesterfield, having re- 
ceived the "Declaration," sent the following 
reply to the Committee of Safety. The date of 
their letter is not given, but it must have been 
written before the 12th of June : 

" To the Honorable Committee of Safety or General As- 
sembly of the Colony of New Hampshire. 

" As soon as ever we received your Directions request- 
ing us to desire all the Males in this Town to sign to a 
Declaration (Lunaticks, &c, excepted) in obedience 
thereto we Immediately proceded to give publick No- 
tice of your Intentions and otherwise as we Thought 
would have the most effectual Tendency to have put 
into execution, in order that we might make a Return 
by our Representative, but having so short a Time for 
to accomplish the Matter in so great a Town, and be- 
ing unwilling to omit anything relating to our Duty 
and which might be for the Benefit of the Whole, we 
calmly deliberated on the matter, asked ye advice of 
our Representative and others of Sense and Steadi- 
ness, and as we were not limited to a certain Time to 
make a Return, we propose to make one as soon as it 
may be done with conveniency. 
" So rest your Humble Servts., 

" Erini. Baldwin*. \ Selectmen 

" Michael Cresey, t of 

" Sam'l Hildreth, ) Chesterfield." 

June 12, 1776, the selectmen made the 
following return : 

" In obedience to the within Declaration that we 
Rec'd from your Honors, we proceeded According to 
your Directions and the persons Names underwriten 
are those that Refuse to sign to the Declaration on 
your paper : 

" Capt. Jona. Hildreth. Eseek Earl. 
Lieut. Ephraim Whitney. Ebenezer Harvey. 

Ephraim Whitney. 
Elisha Walton. 
Eleazer Pomeroy. 
Ebenezer Cooper. 
Ebenezer Fletcher, Jr. 

" Eph. Baldwin, 

Joseph Prentice. 
Sam'l Davis Converse. 
Silas Bennett. 
Sal. Keing [Sam'l King]. 

" Moses Smith, Jr., 


" Michael Cresey, 


" Ephr'm Hubbard, 


" Sam'l 


7 J 



Abraham Wood. 

John Pratt. 

Simon Davis. 

Nathaniel Bingham. 

Isaac Davis. 

Abel Ray. 

John Snow. 

Samuel Farr. 

Oliver Cobleigh. 

Nehemiah Merrill. 

Jonathan Farwell. 

Samuel Farr, Jr. 

Oliver Farwell. 

John Haskell. 

Silas Thompson. 

Ezekiel Powers. 

William Farwell. 

Silas Wood. 

Jonathan Davis. 

Obadiah Merrill. 

Warren Snow. 

William Henry. 

Ebenezer Streeter. 

Daniel Farr. 

William Thomas. 

Amasa Colburn. 

Daniel Baldwin. 

Thomas Harris. 

William Simonds. 

Douglas Robbins. 

Amos Smith. 

Ullainell Merrill. 

Josh Smith. 

Sherebiah Fay. 

[prob. Jos. Smith.] 

Zur Evans. 

Jonathan Farr, (4th). 

William Farr, Jr. 

Jonathan Farr, (3d). 

Ithamar Chamberlain. 

Thomas Farr. 

Caleb Johnson. 

Benjamin Hudson. 

Amos Streeter. 

Moses Smith. 

Abner Johnson. 

Josiah Streeter. 

Kimball Carlton. 

Michael Woodcock. 

Theodore Bingham. 

Jonathan Cobleigh. 

John Pierce. 

Jonas Stearns. 

Benjamin Colburn. 

Samuel Fairbanks. 

Ephraim Farr. 

Jonathan Farr, (2d). 

Isaac Farr. 

Josiah Lamb. 

Thomas Darby. 

Samuel Walker. 

Joseph Metcalf. 

Archibald Robertson. 

Martin Warner. 

Andrew Colburn. 

David Stooder, Jr. 

Lawrence Walton. 

[David Stoddard, Jr.] 

Phineas Brown. 

Samuel Peacock. 

John Sanderson. 

John Peacock. 

William Fisher. 

Ephraim Baldwin. 

Jonathan Hildreth, J 

r. Michael Cressey. 

James Wheeler, Jr. 

Samuel Hildreth. 

Josiah Hastings. 

Moses Smith, Jr. 



Andrew Hastings. 
Noah Emmons. 
Jonathan Cressey. 
Ephraim AVheeler. 
John Cobleigh. 
Joseph Higgins. 
James McElroy. 
Joseph Wheeler. 
James Wheeler. 
Zenas Fairbanks. 
Nathan Bishop. 
Isaac Hildreth. 
Israel Johnson. 
James Eobertson. 
Elisha Rockwood. 
Dan Cobleigh. 
Aaron Farr. 
Peter Wheeler. 
Moses Ellis. 
Ephraim Hubbard. 
Amos Davis. 
John White. 
Nathan Metcalf. 
John Bishop. 
Jonathan Cobleigh. 
Nathan Thomas. 
Abel Emmons. 
William Robertson. 
Edward Hildreth. 
James Davis. 

William Aires. 
David Stone. 
John Grandy. 
John Grandy, Jr. 
Increase Lamb. 
Abner Albee. 
Ebenezer Taft. 
John Richardson. 
Daniel Kinnison. 
Joel Whitney. 
David Farr. 
James Mansfield. 
Amos Hubbard. 
Jonathan Farr (1st.) 
Patrick McMichael. 
Abijah Kingsbury. 
Ebenezer Gail. 
Sylvanus Battey. 
Ebenezer Faver. 
Abijah Stearns. 
Matthew Gray. 
William Hildreth. 
James Reed. 
John Ellis. 
Oliver Hubbard. 
Michael Metcalf. 
Charles Johnson. 
Benjamin Smith. 
Samuel Fletcher. 
Abraham Farr. 

Enoch Streeter. 

One hundred and thirty-nine persons signed 
the declaration, and thirteen refused to sign. 
The declaration was known as the " Association 
Test," and, according to the returns that were 
made, was signed by eight thousand one hun- 
dred and ninety-nine persons in the colony of 
New Hampshire, while only seven hundred 
and seventy-three persons refused to sign. 

At a town-meeting held December 2, 1776, 
Michael Cressey was elected to represent the 
town in the Assembly that was to meet at 
Exeter the third Wednesday of the same 
month. Rev. Mr. Wood, Deacon Thompson, 
Lieutenant Fairbanks, Dr. Harvey and Lieu- 
tenant Rockwood were chosen a committee to 
give Mr. Cressey his instructions. In accord- 
ance with the vote passed on the 2d day of 
December, the committee chosen for that pur- 
pose gave Mr. Cressey these instructions : 

" To Mr. Michael Creasy, Representative for the Town 
of Chesterfield in the State of New Hampshire. 

" Sir : — Whereas it having pleased Almighty God 
to humble the people of this land, by permitting the 
tyrant of Great Britain and his minions, in the ful- 
ness of their rage, to prevail against them, by sub- 
verting the Civil Constitution of every Province in 
his late American dominions, affecting thereby the 
activity of Law and Justice and [promoting] the in- 
troduction of vice and profaneness, attended with 
domestick confusion and all the calamities attendant 
on the dissolution of the power of Civil Government 
which in this alarming progress have made it abso- 
lutely necessary for each state to separate itself from 
that land from whence their forefathers were exiled 
by the cruel hand of tyranny, and to form for itself, 
under the ruler of all the earth, such plans of Civil 
Government as the people thereof should think most 
conducive to their own safety and advantage ; not- 
withstanding the importance of an equitable system 
of Government, as it affects ourselves and our poster- 
ity, we are brought to the disagreeable necessity of 
declaring that it is our candid opinion that the State 
of New Hampshire, instead of forming an equitable 
plan of Government, conducing to the peace and 
safety of the State, have been influenced by the in- 
iquitous intrigues and secret designations of persons 
unfriendly, to settle down upon the dregs of Monarch - 
ial and Aristocratical Tyranny, in imitation of their 
late British oppressor. We can by no means imagine 
ourselves so far lost to a sense of the natural rights 
and immunities of ourselves and our fellow men, as 
to imagine that the State can be either safe or happy 
under a constitution formed without the knowledge 
or particular authority of a great part of its inhabi- 
tants; a constitution which no man knows the con- 
tents of except that the whole Legislative power of 
the State is to be entirely vested in the will and 
pleasure of a House of Representatives, and that 
chosen according to the Sovereign determination of 
their own will, by allowing to some towns sundry 
voices in the said House, others but one, and others 
none ; and in a Council of twelve men, five of which 
are always to be residents of Rockingham County, 
who by the assistance of two others of said Council, 
have the power of a casting voice in all State affairs. 
Thus we see the important affairs of the State liable 
to be converted to the advantage of a small part of 
the State, and the emolument of its officers, by reason 
of the other part of the State not having an equal or 
equitable share in the Government to counterbalance 
the designs of the other. You are therefore author- 
ized and instructed to exert yourself to the utmost to 



procure a redress of the aforementioned grievances 
and in case they will not comply, to return home for 
further instructions. 

"Solomon Harvey, per order Com. 
" Chesterfield, December ye 12th, 1776." 

The inhabitants of Chesterfield were not 
alone in complaining of the injustice, as they 
regarded it, of the principle of representation 
that had been adopted. A number of towns in 
the western part of the State remonstrated 
against the form of government that had been 
assumed, and some of them refused to send 
representatives to the Assembly. It was 
asserted that every incorporated town, whether 
large or small, should be entitled to at least 
one representative ; and some towns maintained 
that there ought to be no Council to negative 
the proceedings of the House. 

At the annual town-meeting for 1777, held on 
the 5th day of March, Lieutenant Fairbanks, 
Jonathan Farr (2d), Lieutenant Robertson, War- 
ren Snow and Lieutenant Rockwood were chos- 
en a "committee of inspection and correspond- 
ence." In the warrant for this meeting was the 
following article : " To see if the town will write 
anything to ease any reflections cast on the 
Hon'ble Committee from the General Court, 
by a letter sent to said committee from this 
town." The vote on this article was in the 
ncuative. The " Hon'ble Committee from the 
General Court," mentioned in the warrant, was 
appointed December 30, 1770, "to take under 
consideration the difficulties and Grievances Sub- 
sisting and Complain'd of by Sundry Towns & 
People in the County of Grafton, & any other 
Towns, respecting the present Form of Govern- 
ment &c." The letter referred to was sent to 
this committee by the town committee. The 
following extract from this letter is apparently 
the portion that was regarded as "casting re- 
flections " on the General Court's com- 
mittee : " We beg therefore to be excused from 
holding any personal conference with you on 
the subject, as we deem it highly inconsistent 
w r ith the Nature of adjusting grievances of any 

kind to oblige the aggrieved individuals to make 
separate and unconnected appearances to confer 
and make answers to matters respecting the 
whole : unless the assembly consider us as a 
number of captious individuals without con- 
nection or cause of complaint." 

Another town-meeting was called for June 
12th. The warrant was preceded by an " intro- 
ductory address " to the inhabitants of the town, 
by Samuel Fairbanks and Elisha Rockwood. 
This address was as follows : 
" To the Inhabitants of Chesterfield : 

" Gentlemen : You are not ignorant of the 
calamities of this present day. Enemies without the 
state, and within ; and being of late often alarmed 
by hearing of many conspiracies of such persons as 
were generally esteemed friendly to the American 
Cause and Freedom ; and also of the great oppression 
of some and rejoicings of others at the fall and under 
Vallument of the paper currency, and some rejecting 
the Regulating Acts ; all the above said circumstances 
considered, with many others that might be offered, 
it appears necessary that every town should be 
furnished with full sets of officers, both selectmen 
and committees of correspondence; and, as one con- 
stable is gone, or going, out of town, there will be 
need of one in his room and stead, — we have thought 
fit by the advice of some and desire of others, to call 
the town together for the purposes hereafter men- 

The fourth article of the warrant that fol- 
lowed this address was, "To see if the town 
inhabitants will choose a committee of corre- 
spondence to unite with other towns in this day 
of distress, and use means to defend all our 
lawful rights." The constable referred to in the 
address was John Pierce. 

In June of this year (1777) Ebenezer Har- 
vey, Eleazer Pomeroy and Samuel King, all of 
Chesterfield, were brought before the " Court 
of Inquiry," at Keene, charged with being hos- 
tile to the United States. They were put by 
the Court under bonds in five hundred pounds 
each to remain within the limits of their respec- 
tive farms. The following is an extract from an 
address sent by the Chesterfield Committee of 
Safety to the General Court, relating to the per- 
sons in question : 



" To the Honorable Court of the State of New Hamp- 
sh ire : 
" The Committee of Safety of Chesterfield 
humbly sheweth this Hon 1,le House, that whereas 
sundry Persons, viz: Ebenezer Harvey, Elezor Pom- 
roy and Sam'l King, all of Chesterfield abovs d , 
were some time in June last, summoned to appear 
before the Court of Enquiry, at Keen, as being Enem- 
ical to the United States of America, and upon 
tryall were, found guilty of a misdemeanor against 
the State : — on which account they were fined and 
confined to their farms by Bond till that or some 
other Court or authority should set them at Liberty : — 
upon which they, or some of them, Beg'd the Favour 
of s d Court, that they might have y e Liberty of tak- 
ing the Oath of Fidelity to the States ; on which 
accompt Esq r Giles went Immediately to Exeter, as 
we have beeu informed, and procured said oath or 
form of it, and sent to us by Sheriff Cook, 
of Keen, and our Direction was to take a justice of 
the Peace and tender s d oath to those confined per- 
sons, to y e end they might take it and perform e ac- 
cordingly and be at Liberty ; and we followed the 
Directions of Esq r Prentice and Esq r Wyman. The 
aforementioned confined persons said they were will- 
ing to take y e said oath, if it came from lawful au- 
thority ; but they Disputed y e authority and paid no 
regard to Esq r Prentice Letter, which was to take the 
Oath of fidelity and be set at Liberty ; and as they 
were fully fixed in principal or will, they apply'd to 
Justice Baldwin and he liberated them. Again they 
apply'd to Esq r Wyman and notwithstanding they 
neglected to take the oath, he, said Justice, enlarged 
their bonds just so far as to serve their own turns ; — 
all which was contrary to y 8 advice of the Committee, 
except they would take y e oath of Fidelity to the 
States, and their bonds are just so far enlarged as to 
serve their own turns ; and when called upon to do 
any publick service, they say that they are confined, 
and so are excused : all which gives great uneasiness 
to many steady friends to America. . . . We 
do therefore pray your Honours to take these things 
into your wise consideration, and Dismiss or Confine 
the abovementioned persons, and that they be sub- 
jects of their duty and service in y e defense of our 
much oppress'd land. 

" Samuel Fairbank, ] Committee 
" Elisha Rock wood, \ of 

" James Robertson, Safety. 

" Chesterfield, December y 8 13th, 1777. 
" To the Hon ble Court or Committee of Safety of this 
New Hampshire State, (a Copy near similar to 
the former petition.) 
Test." " Sam 1 Fairbank, Chairman, 

Esquire Giles and Esquire Prentice, referred 
to in this petition, were probably Benjamin 
Giles, of Newport, a prominent member of the 
House of Representatives, and Nathaniel Sartel 
Prentice, of Alstead. Esquire Wyman was 
undoubtedly Colonel Isaac Wyman, of Keene. 

April 6, 1778, the selectmen of Chester- 
field and the town Committee of Safety joined 
in recommending the discharge of Harvey, 
Pomeroy and King, without their taking the 
" oath of fidelity." Accordingly, they were 
discharged the next day by Justices Prentice 
and Wyman. 

Justice Baldwin, mentioned in the above 
address, was Ephraim Baldwin, of Chester- 
field. In a letter written by the Chesterfield 
committee to President Weare, dated November 
3, 1777, Baldwin was accused of having pro- 
cured one of Burgoyne's proclamations, and of 
" defending the part that the enemies of this 
land take." The committee added : " Great 
care and Pains was Improved with s d Justice 
to Convince him, and after Certain days the s a 
Justice signed a Piece acknowledging to the 
Com' and all good People that he, s d Justice, had 
given the greatest Reason Imaginable to his 
friends and Neighbors to view him as unfriend- 
ly to his Country : and signing said Piece and 
Delivering it to the Chairman of the Committee, 
y e said Piece being on the Table before them, s d 
Justice takes the Piece without so much as ask- 
ing the Coram 1 or either of Them, and Betakes 
hiinselfto another room and erases out some 
words, and was Putting in others, and being en- 
quired of why he did thus and so, he, said Justice, 
after some words, moved that all the matters 
of Dispute then depending between himself and 
Committee might be Transmitted to the General 
Court, &c." Esquire Baldwin was also accused 
of setting at liberty persons confined by the 
Court of Inquiry, of which he was a mem- 

In the preceding September depositions 
were made by Anne Snow, Abial Johnson, John 
Sargent and Fear Sargent, his wife, relative to 



the Tory sentiments expressed by Baldwin. 
Under date of the 5th day of the same month, 
Esquire Prentice, of Alstead, wrote a letter to 
him, remonstrating with him for the course he 
had taken and advising him to make a " public 
and free recantation" of his opinions, etc. 
This letter was formally approved, also, by 
Benjamin Bellows. September 25th, Esquire 
Baldwin made public acknowledgment of the 
truth of the charges brought against him, 
confessed sorrow for his conduct and promised 
to "improve the utmost of his power and skill 
in y e Defense of America." He furthermore 
stated that all that had been done by him that 
seemed to be hostile to the American cause had 
been done " entirely through Inadvertancy and 
Not from any good will to georg, the Brittish 

Notwithstanding this confession (which, as 
appears from the town committee's letter to 
President Weare, dated November 3, 1777, he 
was accused of trying to alter after he had 
signed it) the Committee of Safety of Chester- 
field petitioned the Legislature, February 6, 
1778, to take some action with regard to Es- 
quire Baldwin's conduct. The 2d day of 
the following March the House voted " that 
Ephraim Baldwin, Esq., of Chesterfield, be 
cited to appear before the General Assembly, 
on the second Friday of their next session, to 
answer to a complaint exhibited to this Court 
against him by the Committee of Chesterfield, 
as speaking or acting in some measure Enemi- 
cal to the Liberties of the American States." 

If any action was taken by the Assembly 
respecting Baldwin's case, it was not recorded, 
for the journal of the House contains no 
further reference to the matter. 

August 16, 1779, the town voted not to accept 
the plan of government for the State that had 
been drawn up by a convention assembled at 
Concord for that purpose. The record states 
that it was "rejected by the number of fifty-two 
which were all [that were] then present." 

At a town-meeting held the 1st day of May, 

1 780, it was voted to raise eight thousand pounds 
to be expended on the highways. Each man 
was to be allowed twelve pounds per day for 
his own labor, and £7 4s. for the use of a yoke of 
oxen. This nominally enormous sum was doubt- 
less raised to make allowance for the great de- 
preciation of the currency. 

During the last two or three years of the War 
of the Revolution Chesterfield seems to have fur- 
nished but a very few men for the military service 
of the United States, and several times refused 
to bear its proportion of the burdens of the war. 
For this reason fines were afterwards imposed 
upon the town. In a petition to the General 
Court, drawn up by the selectmen of Chesterfield, 
June 1, 1786, they used the following language 
in speaking of the fine that been imposed for 
deficiencies in the last quota of men : " As to 
that Point, we are conscious to ourselves, if the 
honorable House had been Rightly Informed of 
what we as a Town have done and performed 
in the war, our Fines might have been much 
abated ; But not casting ye blame on ye Honor- 
able Court, Ave blame ourselves for defects in ye 
Returns made by ye officers then improved." 

It is evident that Chesterfield's lukewarmness 
in the American cause during; the last two or 
three years of the war did not arise from the 
prevalence of Toryism in the town, but rather 
from the disturbed state of aifairs within its 
borders, caused by the memorable controversy 
about the " New Hampshire Grants." 

As already stated, Chesterfield paid bounties 
to the amount of £40 6s. 8c?. to men who en- 
listed on account of the "Lexington alarm;" 
but the names of the men who received the 
bounties have not as far as known been fully 

Soon after the battle of Lexington three regi- 
ments were organized in New Hampshire, the 
Third being commanded by Colonel James Reed, 
of Fitzwilliam. One company in this regiment 
was commanded by Captain Jonathan Whitcomb. 
In this company were the following Chesterfield 
men : 



Joseph Smith, fifer. 
Eleazer Jordan. 
Jonathan Farr. 
Joshua Farr. 
Eleazer Stoddard. 
Joseph Metcalf. 
Charles Johnson. 
Elijah Walton. 

Josiah Hastings. 

Elisha Walton. 

Eleazer Cobleigh, drumm'r. 

Ephrairn Farr. 

Asa Gale. 

John Merrill. 

Benjamin Wheeler. 

Captain Whiteomb's company appears to have 
been at Medford, Mass., October 13, 1775, as at 
that date the men signed a receipt for money 
received "in lieu of coats promised by the 
Colony of New Hampshire." 

Another company in Colonel Reed's regiment 
was under the command of Captain Jacob 
Hinds, of Chesterfield. The following men, 
besides Captain Hinds, belonged to this town: 

Ezekiel Davis, sergeant. Jacob Davis. 
David Stoddard, sergeant. Jacob Hinds, Jr. 
William Farwell, sergeant. Richard Coughlan. 

[On one roll the last-named is put down as 
sergeant-major.] This company also appears 
to have been at Medford in October. 

The men in these two companies received 
wages ranging from six pounds to £8 lis. 5d. 
for terms of service varying from three months 
to three months, sixteen days. Captain Hinds 
received £19 4s. 3d. for three months and eight 
days' service. It is evident, however, that both 
companies served longer than the maximum 
time given in the pay-roll. 

Colonel Reed's regiment took part in the 
battle of Bunker's Hill, as it is commonly 

According to the "Army Rolls," a man 
named John Davis (or John Dawes, as given on 
one roll), of Chesterfield, a member of Reed's 
regiment, was killed in this battle, and Josiah 
Walton, also of Chesterfield, wounded. With 
regard to the first-named, the writer has not 
been able to determine whether he really 
belonged to this town or not; the last-named 
may have been intended for Elijah Walton or 
Elisha Walton. 

It is not known how long the Chesterfield 
men in Reed's regiment remained in the service 

after October, 1 775 ; but it is evident that some 
of them had returned home before June 12, 

Early in 1776 a regiment of New Hampshire 
men was raised for the defense of the western 
frontier of the State, and placed under the com- 
mand of Colonel Timothy Bedel. This regi- 
ment was at the " Cedars," in Lower Canada, in 
May of that year, where it was soon afterwards 
surrendered to the enemy by Major Butterfield, 
who had command at that time. One company 
of this regiment was commanded by Captain 
Daniel Carlisle, of Westmoreland, and contained 
at least four Chesterfield men, viz., — 

Aaron Smith, ensign. Thomas Gibbs, sergeant. 

Nathaniel Bacon, fifer. Eleazer Jordan, corporal. 

It is quite probable that there were several 
more men from Chesterfield in the same com- 
pany, but they cannot be identified with cer- 

The non-commissioned officers and privates 
received each, when mustered, one month's 
wages, a bounty of forty shillings, fifteen shil- 
lings for " blanket-money," and one penny per 
mile for " billeting." Their term of service 
probably did not exceed a year. The following 
is a copy of a sworn statement made by Thomas 
Gibbs respecting his losses at the " Cedars" : 

" I, the Subscriber, whose name is hereunder writ- 
ten, was in Coll Timothy Beddell Regiment, But 
more espeshaly under the Command of major But- 
terfield, Commander at the Seaders, and was Capti- 
vated and Stripped by the Savage of the following 

Articles in y e year 1776. 

" Thomas Gibbs. 

£ s. d. 

"Thomas Gibbs lost one gun 21 

INewBever Hatt 12 12 

1 Brace Ink Stand 14 

1 Powder home 110 

1 Comb 3 6 

1 Coat 16 16 

1 pr Shoes 2 2 

1 Snap Sack, 1 Bag 1 18 

1 Canteen... 7 

£56 13 6" 

It appears from the record that Gibbs was 
not indemnified for his losses. 



Gustavus Bingham. 
Amasa Colburn. 
John Peacock. 
Amos Pattridge. 
Nathaniel Sanger. 
William Day. 

In July and August of the same year, a reg- 
iment of New Hampshire men was raised, of 
which Joshua Wingate was colonel. One com- 
pany in this regiment was commanded by Cap- 
tain William Humphrey. This company con- 
tained the following Chesterfield men : 

Joseph Metcalf, corporal. 
John Pratt. 
James Wheeler. 
Joseph Metcalf, Jr. 
Thomas Metcalf. 
Elijah Watson [Walton]. 

Perhaps the name of Ebenezer Porter should 
be added. 

This regiment was sent to reinforce the 
northern army in New York State. Most of 
the privates in Captain Humphrey's company 
received, each, advanced wages and bounties 
amounting to £9 18s. The time of service has 
not been determined, but it is certain that some 
of the Chesterfield men had returned home 
before May and June of the following year. 

One of the companies of Colonel Nahum 
Baldwin's regiment (raised in September the 
same year, and sent to reinforce the Continen- 
tal army in the State of New York) was com- 
manded by Captain John Houghton. It con- 
tained the following Chesterfield men : 

John Bishop. Jonathan Cressey. 

James Robertson. Jonathan Farwell. 

Josiah Hastings. Isaac Farr. 

Jonathan Farr. Nathan Thomas. 

Ezekiel Powers. Jonathan Farr (3d). 

Each man was paid six pounds in advance 
and allowed £1 13s. 4d. for two hundred miles 
of travel. The date of their discharge has not 
been ascertained, but most of the men from 
Chesterfield were at home early in the summer 
of the next year. 

Another regiment was raised in New Hamp- 
shire in December, 1776, for the same purpose 
as the two last mentioned. It was commanded 
by Colonel David Gilman. In Captain Fran- 
cis Towne's company, in this regiment, were at 
least two men from Chesterfield, viz. : Zenas 
Fairbanks (Jonas Fairbanks on one roll) and 
Aaron Farr. 

They each received wages from December 5, 
1776, to March 12, 1777, amounting to £6 
10s. Sd., and were allowed two pounds for four 
hundred and eighty miles of travel, at one pen- 
ny per mile. 

Amos Colburn, of Chesterfield, was commis- 
sioned second lieutenant in Colonel Alexander 
Scammel's regiment, November 7, 1776, and 
appears to have remained in the service till 1779, 
if not longer. 

Ebenezer Fletcher, of this town, was also 
first lieutenant in the same regiment, having 
been appointed January 15, 1777. 

November 11, 1776, William Lee, of Ches- 
terfield, was appointed lieutenant in Colonel 
Cilley's regiment and served till January 8, 

It appears from the following extracts from 
the journal of the House that, some time in 
June, 1776, the selectmen, or town Committee 
of Safety, made a requisition on the colonial 
authorities at Exeter for gunpowder for the use 
of the town : 

"Monday, June 17, 1776. — Voted to choose a com- 
mittee of this House to confer with a committee of 
the Honorable Board on the expediency of furnishing 
the town of Chesterfield with powder to defend them- 
selves against the attempts and assaults of all persons 
who appear by their conduct inimical to this Country, 
and to make report to this House as soon as may be, 
and that Captain Prentice, Major Bellows and Dr. 
Dearborn be the committee of this House for that 

" Tuesday, June 18, 1776. — Voted that half a barrel 
of gunpowder be delivered out of the powder-house 
in Exeter, to the selectmen of Chesterfield, on their 
order, for the use of said town of Chesterfield, 
and that the said selectmen of Chesterfield, or some 
person in their stead, give a receipt therefor, and 
promise to account with the treasurer of this 
Colony for the same." 

The honorable board concurred with the 
House in both votes. 

In the company commanded by Captain 
Waitstill Scott, of Westmoreland, (in Colonel 
Ashley's regiment), and which marched to 
Ticonderoga in May, 1777, were the following 
men who belonged to Chesterfield : 



James Robertson, first lieu- 

Samuel Davis, ensign. 

William Hildreth, ser- 

Daniel Colburn, corporal. 

Daniel Farr, corporal. 

Eleazer Jordan. 

Joseph Metcalf. 

Amos Partridge (or Pat- 

Eli Partridge (or Pat- 

Samuel Stearns. 
Ephraim Farr. 
Thomas Farr. 
Jacob Farr. 
Charles Farr. 
John Sanderson. 
AVilliam Thomas. 
Nathaniel Walton. 

The most of Captain Scott's men served 
about forty clays, and were discharged June 21st. 
They received pay at the rate of £4 10s. per 
month, and were allowed three pence per mile 
for marching to Ticonderoga, and two pence per 
mile for the return march. The distance, each 
wav, was called one hundred and ten miles. 

The troops that went to Ticonderoga in 
May had scarcely arrived home when tidiugs 
were brought of the actual approach of Bur- 
goyne's army toward that important post. 
Again the New Hampshire militia was called 
upon to march to the rescue. One of the com- 
panies in Colonel Ashley's regiment was com- 
manded by Lieutenant Oliver Cobleigh, of this 
town, and nearly, or quite, all the men belonged 
also to Chesterfield. The roll of Lieutenant 
Cobleigh's company was as follows : 

Josiah Hastings, ensign. Jonas Davis, sergeant. 
Samuel Davis, sergeant. James Wheeler, sergeant. 
Ezekiel Powers, sergeant. Dan Cobleigh, corporal. 

Amos Davis. 
Jonathan Farr, Jr. 
Daniel Baldwin. 
Thomas Whitcomb. 
Isaac Hildreth. 
Benjamin Smith. 
Ebenezer Farr. 
Eleazer Stoddard. 
Jonathan Cressy, Jr. 
Joel Whitney. 
William Crafford. 
Amos Streeter. 
John Peacock. 


Ebenezer Fletcher. 
Joseph Higgins. 
Elisha Walton. 
Henry Cressey. 
Joseph Higgins, Jr. 
Ephraim Amidon. 
Amos Smith. 
Aaron Smith. 
Martin Warner. 
Jonathan Starr (?) (prob- 
ably Farr). 
Jonathan Davis. 

The fortress at Ticonderoga was evacuated by 
the Americans on the 6th of July, so that the 

troops that started to its assistance were not in 
season to be of much use. Some of them 
learned of the evacuation before they had pro- 
ceeded a great way, and returned home. None 
of Lieutenant Cobleigh's men seem to have 
been absent more than thirteen days, and some 
not more than seven, four or three days. 

They all belonged to Chesterfield, with the 
possible exception of Thomas Whitcomb, Wil- 
liam Crafford (or Crawford) and Ephraim 
Amidon. The last-named was either of West- 
moreland or this town. 

Another company in Colonel Ashley's regi- 
ment was commanded by Lieutenant James 
Robertson, of Chesterfield. The following Ches- 
terfield men, under command of Lieutenant 
Robertson, set out for Ticonderoga, June 29, 

Moses Smith (who also 
ranked as lieutenant). 

Daniel Kennison, ensign. 

John Ellis, sergeant. 

Silas Richardson, sergeant. 

John Pratt, sergeant. 

Jonathan Farwell. 

John Davison. 

William Henry. 

Nathan Metcalf. 

Thomas Daby. 

Joseph Metcalf. 

Ebenezer Streeter. 

Asa Gale. 

Amos Partridge (or Pat- 

Samuel Walker. 

Daniel Colburn. 
Samuel Davis Converse. 
Oliver Hobart (probably 

Zenas Fairbanks. 
Thomas Metcalf. 
Reuben Hildreth. 
Jesse Hildreth. 
Joseph Smith. 
Silas Thompson. 
Nathaniel Bingham. 
Andrew Hastings. 
Elisha Rockwood. 
Joseph Metcalf, Jr. 
Reuben Graves. 
Asa Metcalf. 

It is possible that a few more of the men 
who marched with Lieutenant Robertson also 
belonged to Chesterfield ; but the above-named 
are all that can be identified with certainty. The 
men of this company were absent, at the long- 
est, only thirteen days ; some of them not more 
than two or three days. 

One of the regiments in General Stark's 
brigade was commanded by Colonel Moses 
Nichols. The Eighth Company of this regiment 
was under command of Captain Kimball Carl- 
ton, of Chesterfield. The record says that tin's 



company " marched from Chesterfield and 
towns adjacent, July 22, 1777." It took part 
in the battle of Bennington, on the 16th day of 
August following. The following are the 
names of men in this company who have been 
identified with certainty as belonging to this 
town : 

Josiah Hastings, ensign. Amos Partridge (or Pat- 
Daniel Farr, sergeant. tridge). 

Noah Emmons, corporal. Benjamin Streeter. 

Thomas Metcalf. Daniel Baldwin. 

Joseph Metcalf. Jacob Farr, Jr. 

Charles Farr. Jonathan Cobleigh. 

William Farr. Samuel Peacock. 

Lemuel Stoddard. Amos Hobart (probably 
Jonathan Farr. Hubbard). 

Jonathan Hildreth, Jr. Aaron Fisk. 

Theodoras Bingham. Samuel D. Converse. 

According to tradition, John Pierce and 
others of Chesterfield (whose names are not now 
known), took part in the battle of Bennington 
as independent volunteers. Oliver Brown and 
Thomas Farr are said to have driven cattle for 
the use of the American army. The British 
captured the cattle, whereupon the two young 
men went into the ranks and served as soldiers. 
It has always been claimed that the roar of the 
cannon on that eventful day, was heard by 
several different persons in this town. It was 
heard, it is said, by the wife of Aaron Fisk, 
who lived on the hill west of Spafford's Lake. 
Greatly agitated thereby, she walked about the 
house as long as it continued. 

The most of Captain Carlton's men served 
two mouths and two days, and received pay at 
the rate of £4 10s. per month, each. 

Xo Chesterfield men are known to have been 
killed at this battle, and the names of those 
who were wounded, if any, have not been as- 

In June, 1777, Gustavus Bingham and John 
Grandy, both of Chesterfield, enlisted ; but in 
what regiment has not been determined with 
certainty. Both were discharged January 10, 
1778. The town paid bounties this year (1777) 
to the amount of £100 8s. 

In 1778 Chesterfield paid bounties to the 
amount of £Q6 13s. 9d. The name of only 
one of the men who enlisted this year has been 
ascertained, viz., John Hill, aged twenty -three 
years. He enlisted in Captain Wait's com- 
pany, Stark's regiment, and received, in May, 
a bounty of twenty pounds. 

In 1779 the bounties and mileages paid by 
the town to soldiers amounted to upwards of 
four hundred pounds. In the spring of this 
year the following Chesterfield men enlisted in 
Captain Ephraim Stone's company, Colonel 
Mooney's regiment : 

Jonathan Cressey. John Putnam. 

Martin Hildreth. 

Each received a bounty of thirty pounds, 
and eleven pounds for one hundred and ten miles 
of travel (to Providence). Colonel Mooney's 
regiment was raised for the defense of Rhode 

In July, the same year, the following men 
enlisted for the town of Chesterfield : 

William Nichols. 
Phineas Hemenway. 
Thomas Woolev. 

David Pierce. 
Simon Pierce. 

They enlisted in the " Continental service " 
for the term of one year, and received a bounty 
of sixty pounds each. 

In the summer of 1780, Francis Crane, 
William Lee, Reuben Still, David Still, Nathan 
Dodge, all enlisted for the town of Chesterfield, 
and served a few months, at the least. Crane, 
in a petition dated April 7, 1783, stated that, 
" being at Glasgo, in the Bay State, on or about 
the Twentieth of sd July [i.e., July, 1780], he, 
the Deponent Did by misfortune and axcident 
( "lit off two of his Fingers and was thereby Dis- 
abled to go forward to the army, and was under 
the care of Doc : Primous, a noted and ap- 
proved Doctor & Surgeon, near four months, 

The following is the doctor's certificate : 

"East Windsor, June the 27, 1782. 
" ivhereas, I was imployed to Doctr frauds Crain, of 
said East Windsor, for the Los of too fingers and a 



weakness in his Breast which said Crain was unfit for 

Soldier's Duty from July, 1780, till January ; given 

under my hand. 

" Primods Manamit, Doctor." 

The following; Chesterfield men also enlisted 
this year (1780) in Colonel Moses Nichols' 
regiment, raised for the defense of West Point : 

John Pratt (who appears Daniel Baldwin. 

to have been appoint- Noah Emmons. 

ed a lieutenant). Aaron Cressey. 
Ebenezer Safford. 

In October the same year, the British and 
Indians burned Royalton, Vt., and committed 
other depredations in the vicinity of that town. 
It seems that Captain Josiah Hartwell, perhaps 
of Chesterfield, with a few men from his town 
(whose names have not been ascertained), was 
among those who went in pursuit of the enemy. 
Captain Hartwell's pay-roll, " allowed by the 
General Court's special Committee in the lump," 
amounted to =£37 14s. 4d. 

The following is an extract from a petition 

sent to the Legislature by the selectmen of 

Chesterfield, dated June 1, 1786 : 

"... We would humbly inform this House, 
that we hired one Merifield Vicary, who served in 
Coll : Hazell's Regt, and we have obtained his Dis- 
charge ; we also hir'd one Nath 1 Merrild [Merrill] for 
three years and also one Silas Pay, who served dur- 
ing y e war, — and your humble Petitioners beg we 
might have credit for what service we have done in 
y e war, &c." 

The Legislature allowed seventy-two pounds 
for Silas Ray. 

Merrill and Ray were members of Captain 
John Grigg's company, Colonel Scammel's 
regiment : as were also Levi Far well and John 
Daniels, both of Chesterfield. 

At a town-meeting held January 11, 1781, a 
settlement was made with Nathan Thomas and 
others for lead furnished for the use of the 
town on the occasion of a certain " alarm," in 
October, 1776. The cause of the "alarm " has 
not been ascertained. The following is a state- 
ment of the amount of lead furnished, together 
with the names of those who furnished it : 
Nathan Thomas, 6 pounds, 6 ounces ; Noah 

Emmons, 1 pound, 12 ounces ; Abel Emmons, 
3 pounds ; Jonathan Farr (2d), 9 pounds, 8 
ounces ; Captain Simon Davis, 9 pounds. 

It was voted to allow six Continental dollars 
per pound for the lead ! 

In August, 1794, Chesterfield "Voted to 
make up the soldiers' wages equal to forty shil- 
lings per month, including the pay which Con- 
gress has given them, exclusive of the cloth- 

The names of but few Chesterfield men who 
were wounded or killed, or who lost their lives 
from any cause while serving their country in 
the struggle for independence, have been ob- 
tained by the writer. 

According to the town records, Nathan 
Bishop died in the army in 1777 ; David Stod- 
dard, Sr., went into the army, it is said, and 
never returned ; Elisha Bingham was discharged 
from the service and died while on his way 
home; Gustavus Bingham was also wounded 
in the head some time during the war, but re- 
covered. As already stated, John Davis (or 
Dawes) was officially reported as killed, and Jo- 
siah Walton as wounded, at Bunker's Hill ; but 
these two cases are somewhat in doubt. 

Chesterfield's Part in the Contro- 

— The year 1781 will ever be memorable in 
the annals of Chesterfield on account of the ex- 
citement and strife that existed within its bor- 
ders, arising from what is known in the history 
of the States that took part therein as the 
" Controversy about the New Hampshire 
Grants." The government of New York 
claimed j urisdiction as far eastward as the Con- 
necticut, by virtue of a grant from Charles the 
Second to the Duke of York, in 1674. In 
spite of this claim, Governor Benning AYent- 
worth, of New Hampshire, continued to grant 
townships west of the Connecticut, having 
made, up to 1764, inclusive, about one hundred 
and twenty-nine grants, including Brattlebor- 
ough, Bennington and many other now import- 
ant towns of Vermont. 



After the establishment of the independence 
of Vermont, a majority of the inhabitants in a 
number of towns in the western part of New 
Hampshire were desirous of forming a union 
with the former State. Among the towns in 
favor of this project was Chesterfield, in which 
a bitter partisan spirit seems to have been en- 
gendered, that came near culminating in blood- 

Two, at least, of the Board of Selectmen for 
the year 1 781 belonged to what may be called 
the Vermont party. These were Samuel King, 
Jr., and Moses Smith, Jr. By them a town- 
meeting was called, in the name of the " Gov- 
ernment and Good People of the New Hamp- 
shire Grants," to be held on Thursday, March 
29th. The second article in the warrant for 
this meeting was, " To see if the town will 
agree to establish or accept of the union agreed 
upon between the Legislature of the State of 
Vermont and the Committee of the New Hamp- 
shire Grants, held at Windsor in February, 
1781." The third article was, "To choose one 
or more members to sit in the Assembly of 
Vermont on the first Wednesday of April 
next, in case the union takes place, or in the 
Convention at Cornish on the aforesaid day, 
as the circumstances may require." 

At this meeting it was voted to accept the 
terms of union mentioned in the warrant, and 
Deacon Silas Thompson and Samuel King, Jr., 
were chosen to represent the town in the As- 
sembly of Vermont. The number of votes in 
favor of union with that State was ninety ; 
against, thirty-two. 

On the 2d day of May following another 
town-meeting was held, called, as the record 
states, " agreeable to the order of the State of 
Vermont." At this meeting Ephraim Baldwin 
was chosen town clerk. Sixty-nine men then 
took the oath prescribed by the law of Ver- 
mont, and proceeded to vote for chief judge, as- 
sistant judges, high sheriff, judge of Probate and 
justices of the peace, all for the " County of 
Washington, in the State of Vermont." At 

another meeting, held the 14th day of the same 
month, several more " freemen " were sworn in. 

The town was now completely in the posses- 
sion of the " Vermont party," and remained so 
during the rest of the year ; but the adherents 
of New Hampshire were by no means inactive, 
and stoutly opposed the proceedings of the ma- 

On the 25th day of August, the same year, 
Nathaniel Bingham, Michael Cressey, William 
Lee and James Robertson drew up a memorial 
to the Council and House of Representatives 
of New Hampshire, in which they deplored 
the action of the partisans of Vermont, and 
gave the names of eighty of the inhabitants of 
Chesterfield who declared that tliey still re- 
garded themselves as subjects of New Hamp- 
shire. The memorialists concluded by begging 
for advice and protection, and subscribing them- 
selves as " loyal and affectionate subjects." 

On the 5th day of November following;, in 
the evening, several of the inhabitants of Ches- 
terfield met at the house of Nathaniel Bingham, 
a short distance north of the Centre village, on 
what is now sometimes called Wetherbee Hill, 
for the purpose of nominating one or two per- 
sons to be commissioned as justices of the peace 
by the New Hampshire Legislature. While 
they were assembled for this purpose, Samuel 
Davis, of Chesterfield, acting as constable 
under the authority of Vermont, entered Mr. 
Bingham's house, with several others, and 
attempted to serve a " precept " on James Rob- 
ertson. Dr. Belknap says that the precept, or 
writ, was in an action of debt. Davis, how- 
ever, was not able to accomplish the object of 
his visit, on account of the opposition, as he al- 
leged, of Mr. Bingham and John Grandy, Jr. On 
the 12th of the same month warrants were issued 
for the arrest of Bingham and Grandy, "in the 
name and by the authority of the freemen of the 
State of Vermont," and they were soon after- 
wards committed to the jail in Charlestown, 
from which they sent a petition to the General 
Assembly of New Hampshire, praying for 



relief. Bingham also sent a letter to the 
Speaker of the New Hampshire House of 
Representatives, containing a statement of 
the facts relating to his and Grandy's arrest 
and imprisonment. Colonel Enoch Hale, 
of Rindge, sheriff of Cheshire County, hav- 
ing been authorized by the Assembly to re- 
lease all the prisoners in the Charlestown jail 
confined by the Vermont authorities, endeavored 
to execute his commission without delay, but was 
himself arrested and committed to the same jail 
by a deputy-sheriff acting under authority of 
Vermont. The Vermont authorities, fearing that 
the New Hampshire government would attempt 
to accomplish with the aid of military force 
what the Cheshire sheriff had failed to do, sent 
a request to Samuel King, Jr., of this town, 
who was then serving Vermont as colonel of 
a regiment of militia, to hold his men in readi- 
ness to march " on the shortest notice." It ap- 
pears that King immediately took measures to 
get his men in readiness, for he was particularly 
zealous in his support of the cause of the 
"grants," and seems to have been ready to 
fight, if necessary. The following letter from 
Michael Cressey, of Chesterfield, to General 
Bellows, of Walpole, gives some insight into the 
state of affairs in this town at that time : 

" Sir, — I Beg the Leave to inform your Hon'r that 
the Pertened Coll. King has sent out, By order, as I 
am informed from Doc. Page [sheriff of the so-called 
county of Washington], to Raise his Rige'mt to op- 
pose New Hampshire, and that he Called the militia 
of this Town together yesterday to see who would 
tight against New Hampshire ; and that, as I am 
Credably informed, there was about sixty turned out 
as Vollenters for that Purpose, and the sed King 
Urged them in the strongest terms to Stand By one 
another, and by thire officers, for thire Rights against 
the State of New Hampshire, assuring them if they 
stood firm New Hampshire would not fight. It is 
also reported that he sent over to Captain Sarjants, 
at Brattilbrough, to assist, but what return unknown. 
Sir, I thought Proper to inform you of these move- 
ments, and I Pray Heaven to give both you and the 
State of New Hampshire wisdom to conduct matters 
wisely at such a Critical day as this. From your 
most obedient and Humble Sarv't., 

" Michael Cressey. 

"Chesterfield, Dec'ber ye 5th, 1781. 
" To Gen'al Bellows." 

Near the end of the month in which this let- 
ter was written, Colonel Samuel King was ar- 
rested by a New Hampshire special sheriff 
(Robert Smith), who started with him for 
Exeter ; but he had got no farther than Keene 
with his prisoner when he was set upon by a 
party of anti-New Hampshire men (the most of 
whom appear to have been from Chesterfield 
and Westmoreland), who rescued King (Jan- 
uary 1, 1782). King was soon afterwards re- 
arrested, but does not appear to have been kept 
long in confinement, as he was soon afterwards 
taking part again in town affairs. 

On the 1st day of January (at midnight), 
1782, Captain Joseph Burt, of AYestmoreland, 
wrote a letter to President Weare, of the 
Council, in which he stated that the party who 
had rescued King, in the morning of the same 
day, returned to Chesterfield and arrested Lieu- 
tenant (James) Robertson, whom they were dis- 
posed " to treat according to the custom of Ver- 
mont, — that is, by whipping him." Captain 
Burt's informant was Mr. Bingham's son, who 
said that a number of persons had been driven 
from their homes that night by the riotous 
Vermont men. The captain also added : " The 
triumphs of the Vermonts are great, and [they] 
say that New Hampshire dare not come like 
men, in the day-time, but like a thief, and steal 
a man or two away." 

The next day (January 2d) General Bellows 
also sent a letter to President Weare, depicting 
in very vigorous language the unhappy condi- 
tion of affairs in Chesterfield. After corrob- 
orating, in the main, the statements in Cap- 
tain Burt's letter, the general added : " I am 
credibly informed that there is in said Chester- 
field about an Hundred Persons who support 
said King, who Damn New Hampshire and 
all their authority to Hell, and say they (New 
Hampshire) can do nothing only in a mean, un- 
derhanded way. In short, they Defy all the 
authority and force of the State, and are deter- 
mined to support and maintain their usurped 
authority, maugre all attempts that have [been] 



or shall be made to curb and restrain their 
usurpations. . . ." 

Such was the state of affairs in this part of 
the State, especially in Chesterfield, in the win- 
ter of 1781-82. Happily, however, through 
the intervention of Congress, this memorable 
controversy was brought to a close, and, on the 
23d of February, 1782, the Vermont Assembly 
passed a resolution relinquishing all claims to 
territory lying within the prescribed boundaries 
of that State. Yet peace and harmony were by 
no means wholly re-established in the disaf- 
fected towns. Says Belknap : " Though cut off 
from their connection with Vermont, the re- 
volted towns did not at once return to a state of 
peace ; but the divisions and animosities which 
had so long subsisted continued to produce dis- 
agreeable effects." 

It having been definitely settled that Ches- 
terfield belonged to New Hampshire, upwards 
of thirty of the inhabitants and freeholders of 
the town made application to General Bellows, 
of Walpole, and William Lee, of Chesterfield, 
justices of the peace, to issue a warrant for the 
annual town-meeting for the year 1782. At 
this meeting, held the 6th day of March, the 
Vermont party still asserted its power, by elect- 
ing at least a majority of the principal town- 
officers ; whereupon the minority submitted a 
vigorous protest. 

An event that occurred in September of the 
same year shows how bitter the opposition still 
was to the New Hampshire government on the 
part of some of the inhabitants of Chesterfield. 
When the Inferior Court met at Keene, that 
month, a party of anti-New Hampshire men, 
led by Samuel Davis, of Chesterfield, attempted 
to break it up. It appears, however, that 
Davis and his men soon found themselves out- 
numbered, and desisted from their undertaking. 
He, together with others, was arrested and put 
under bonds to appear at the next term of the 
Superior Court ; but they were afterwards dis- 
charged without punishment. The fact that it 
was thought necessary to send a military force 

into Chesterfield at one time, to aid in the 
collection of taxes, is further evidence of the 
hostility that was still manifested toward New 
Hampshire. It appears that Colonel Reuben 
Alexander, of Winchester, received orders "to 
raise the body of his regiment," or as many of 
his men as might be sufficient, and march them 
into Chesterfield on Tuesday, the 21st day of 
January, 1783, to assist in collecting taxes; 
but on account of the " clamor of the people," 
he feared to comply with the order, stating, as a 
further reason, that " the greater part that 
could be raised would turn out with intent to 
mutinize and confound our proceedings." Op- 
position to New Hampshire gradually died out, 
however, and for a whole century Chesterfield 
" has creditably performed her part in war and 
in peace." 

Soldiers Furnished by Chesterfield in 
the Second War with Great Britain. — 
If any men enlisted from Chesterfield in the 
military or naval service of the United States 
in the years 1812 and 1813, their names are not 
known to the writer. 

September 9, 1814, Governor Gilman issued 
an order for the whole of the militia " to hold 
themselves in readiness to march at a moment's 
warning, completely armed and equipped ac- 
cording to law, and as well provided as possible 
with blankets and ammunition." An order had 
already been issued, two days before, for de- 
tachments from twenty-three regiments of the 
militia. These orders were received by the mi- 
litia with great enthusiasm, and were promptly 
obeyed. The men detached in accordance with 
the order of September 7th were duly organized 
into several regiments and battalions, which 
formed one brigade under the command of 
General John Montgomery. The first draft 
was made in Chesterfield September 13th. The 
names of the men thus obtained were as fol- 
lows : 

Amos Stone, sergeant. Eli Darling, corporal. 

Joshua Wiggins. Isaac Wetherby. 



Francis Winch. Ezra Putney. 

Stephen Streeter, Jr. Roswell Metcalf. 

Montgomery Darling. 

These men were to serve three months, unless 
sooner discharged. They formed part of Cap- 
tain Nathan Glidden's company, in the First 
Regiment of detached militia, commanded by 
Colonel Nat. Fisk, of Westmoreland. Cap- 
tain Glidden was of Unity. Eli Darling was 
discharged Xovember 3d ; Joshua Wiggins 
and Isaac Wetherby, November 10th. Mont- 
gomery Darling was accidentally hit by a 
bayonet on the gnn of a fellow-soldier, and lost 
the sight of one eve from the effects of the 
wound. He was discharged Xovember 6th. 

The next draft was made September 20th, and 
the following men were obtained : 

Samuel L. Draper. 
Daniel Stearns. 
Elijah Lyons. 

John Bass. 
Philip Bacon. 
Lyman Toms [Tomhs]. 

The men obtained by this draft formed a 
part of the company commanded by Captain 
Reuben Marsh, of this town, in the Second Regi- 
ment of detached militia. Ara Hamilton and 
Bradley Mead, also both of Chesterfield, were 
lieutenants in the same company. Captain 
Marsh and Lieutenants Hamilton and Mead went 
to Portsmouth with the detachment, which was 
five days in marching to that place. Samuel 
L. Draper went as a substitute ; but, on his ar- 
rival at Portsmouth, Captain Marsh procured 
for him the position of fifer for the company. 
John H. Fuller, then of Chesterfield, afterwards 
of Keene, was adjutant of the regiment to which 
Captain Marsh's company belonged. The men 
were to serve sixty days, but they were dis- 
charged a few days before the expiration of their 
term of service. Elijah Lyons was discharged 
November 3d. The British did not attack 
Portsmouth, as was anticipated, and the greater 
part of the troops that had assembled there were 
discharged before their term of service expired. 

Record of the Citizens of Chesterfield 
who Enlisted in the Military Service 
of the United States during the War of 

the Rebellion (1861-65). — On the breaking 
out of the War of the Great Rebellion the mili- 
tary spirit that had so long lain dormant was 
again aroused, and men of all political beliefs 
laid aside their differences for a while, and joined 
with one another in their efforts to sustain the 
general government in the attempt to put down 
the most formidable rebellion recorded in the 
annals of the world. Chesterfield furnished 
during the war upwards of one hundred and ten 
men for the Union army, of whom seventy-four 
were residents of the town ; the rest were not 
citizens of Chesterfield, but were hired by the 
town to fill its quota, or by individuals as sub- 

Only one of the substitutes was a resident of 
Chesterfield; the rest were mainly "brokers' 
men," and belonged, in great part, to the class 
of men so well known during the war as " bounty- 

With very few exceptions, those persons who 
were citizens of the town at the time of their en- 
listment served till they were honorably dis- 

The following record of the soldiers furnished 
by Chesterfield during the Civil War contains 
only the names of those who were actually resi- 
dents of the town at the time of their enlistment. 
It has been carefully compiled from the records 
of the town, from the reports of the Adjutant- 
General of the State, and from information de- 
rived from private sources. 

("Note. — When the cause of a soldier's discharge is not 
stated, it is to he understood that he was discharged hy 
reason of expiration of term of service or termination of 
the war]. 

Norris E. Bancroft, private, Company F, Eighth 
Maine Infantry ; three years ; mustered in Au- 
gust 14, 1861 ; discharged January 18, 1866 ; 
served two years and twenty days as a re-enlisted 

Clinton A. Bancroft, private, Company F, Fourteenth 
New Hampshire Infantry; three years; mus- 
tered in September 23, 1862; discharged July 8, 

Bradford Britton, musician, Company E, Sixth New 
Hampshire Infantry ; three years ; mustered in 



November 28, 1861 ; discharged June 16, 1862 ; 
discharged for disability. 

George B. Britton, private, Company E, Twentieth 
Massachusetts Infantry; three years; mustered 
in August 8, 1861 ; taken prisoner at the battle 
of Ball's Blufl; Va., October 21, 1861, and con- 
fined at Mayo's tobacco-factory, Richmond, about 
three weeks, at Belle Island about six weeks, at 
Salisbury, N. C, about five months; transferred 
to Second United States Cavalry December 27, 
1862 ; captured again near Winchester, Va., Au- 
gust 16, 1864, and confined, most of the time, at 
Salisbury, N. C, till February 22, 1865. 

Roswell Butler, private, Company E, Sixth New 
Hampshire Infantry; three years; mustered in 
November 28, 1861; discharged June 16, 1862; 
discharged for disability. 

John PI. Butler, private, Company A, Fourteenth 
New Hampshire Infantry; three years; mus- 
tered in September 22, 1862 ; discharged July 8, 

Richard T. Cobb, private, Company B, Twelfth Mass- 
achusetts Infantry; three years; enlisted April 
23, 1861 ; discharged July 8, 1864 ; wounded in 
the chin : taken prisoner at the battle of Gettys- 
burg July 1, 1863, and confined at Belle Island, 
near Richmond, Va., till March 8, 1864. 

Warren Colburn, private, Eleventh Vermont In- 
fantry ; three years; enlisted October, 1863; 
taken prisoner and died in the Rebel prison at 
Andersonville, Ga., October 4, 1864. 

Julius C. Converse, private, Company F, Fourteenth 
New Hampshire Infantry; three years; mus- 
tered in December 29. 1863 ; discharged July 8, 

Nelson S. Crouch, private, Company F, First New 
Hampshire Cavalry ; one year ; mustered in 
February 28, 1865 ; discharged July 15, 1865. 

Calvin G. Darling, private, Company F, Fourteenth 
New Hampshire Infantry; three years; mus- 
tered in Sept. 23, 1862; discharged July 8, 1865. 

Murray Davis, private, Company F, Fourteenth New 
Hampshire Infantry; three years; mustered in 
December 29, 1863; discharged July 18, 1865; 
wounded in the left leg at the battle of Win- 
chester (or 02>equan Creek), Va., September 19, 
1864; leg amputated. 

Noyes J. Davis, private, Company H, Second Regi- 
ment Berdan's Sharpshooters; three years; en- 
listed December 28, 1861; served three years, 
transferred to Invalid Corps September 30, 1863 ; 
wounded in the right wrist at the battle of 
Chancellorsville, Va. 

George P. Eddy, private, Company A, Second New 
Hampshire Infantry; three years; mustered in 
May 31,1861; discharged November 9, 1862; 
discharged from Second New Hampshire Infantry 
for disability; re-enlisted in Second Massachu- 
setts Artillery August 7, 1863 ; discharged Au- 
gust 9, 1865. 

John M. Farnum, private, Company F, Sixth New 
Hampshire Infantry ; three years ; mustered in 
December 29, 1863; discharged January 25, 1865; 
discharged for disability. 

Charles M. Farr, private, Company A, Second New 
Hampshire Infantry; three years; mustered in 
May 31, 1861; discharged October 23, 1862; 
first discharge for disability ; re-enlisted for the 
town of Newport, and was mustered in Company 
C, First New Hampshire Cavalry, April 11, 
1864 ; mustered out as first sergeant July 15, 

Charles R. Farr, private, Company F, First Vermont 
Cavalry ; three years; mustered in November 19, 
1861 ; discharged November 18, 1864 ; promoted 
to commissary sergeant October 29, 1862. 

Ransom C. Farr, private, Company F, First Vermont 
Cavalry ; three years ; mustered in November 19, 
1861; discharged December 19, 1862; first dis- 
charge for disability ; drafted and mustered in 
Company G, First New Hampshire Cavalry, 
July 21, 1864; promoted to sergeant; discharged 
July 15, 1865. 

Bradford C. Farr, private, Company F, Fourteenth 
New Hampshire Infantry ; three years ; mus- 
tered in September 23, 1862 ; discharged Febru- 
ary 4, 1863; discharged for disability. 

Wesley 0. Farr, private, Company F, Fourteenth 
New Hampshire Infantry ; three years ; mus- 
tered in September 23, 1862 ; discharged Janu- 
ary 20, 1865 ; discharged for disability ; promoted 
to corporal February 1, 1864. 

Larkin D. Farr, private, Company F, Fourteenth 
New Hampshire Infantry; three years; mus- 
tered in Dec. 29, 1863 ; discharged July 8, 1865. 

Chancey S. Farr, private, Company F, Fourteenth 
New Hampshire Infantry ; three years ; mus- 
tered in December 29, 1863 ; discharged July 26, 
1865; captured at the battle of Cedar Creek, 
Va., October 19, 1864, and confined in the "prison 
pen" at Salisbury, N. C, from November 4th 
following till February 20, 1865. 

Stephen P. Faulkner, private, Company C, Eight- 
eenth New Hampshire Infantry; one year; 
mustered in August 31, 1864; discharged June, 



James C. Field, private, Company C, Seventeenth 
United States Infantry ; three years ; enlisted 
September 16, 1861 ; discharged January 20, 
1863 ; discharged for disability. 

Francis A. Field, private, Seventeenth United States 
Infantry ; three years ; enlisted September 16, 

Harrison F. Fisk, private, Company E, Sixth New 
Hampshire Infantry; three years; mustered in 
November 28, 1861 ; discharged August 25, 1862; 
discharged for disability. 

Oscar T. Frink, private, Company E, Second New 
Hampshire Infantry ; three years ; mustered in 
September 17, 1861. 

Calvin P. Gilson, musician, Company F, Fourteenth 
New Hampshire Infantry; three years; mus- 
tered in September 23, 1862 ; discharged July 8, 

Walter W. Glazier, private, Company C, Eighteenth 
New Hampshire Infantry ; one year ; mustered 
in August 31, 1864 ; discharged May 30, 1865. 

James H. Goodrich (2d), private, Company F, First 
New Hampshire Cavalry; one year; mustered 
in March 8, 1865; discharged July 15, 1865. 

John F. Goodrich, private, Company A, Fourteenth 
United States Infantry ; three years ; mustered 
in September, 1864; served three years. 

John H. Goodwin, first sergeant, Company F, Four- 
teenth New Hampshire Infantry; three years; 
mustered in September 23, 1862; discharged 
July 8, 1865; promoted to second lieutenant 
February 17, 1865. 

Charles L. Harvey, private, Company F, Second 
New Hampshire Infantry ; three years ; mus- 
tered in September 2, 1861 ; discharged Novem- 
ber 29, 1862 ; discharged for disability. 

Foster W. Hastings, private, Company F, Fourteenth 
New Hampshire Infantry ; three years ; mus- 
tered in September 23, 1862 ; discharged July 8, 
1865; promoted to corporal November 1, 1864. 

Herbert R. Hastings, private, Company F, Four- 
teenth New Hampshire Infantry; three years; 
mustered in September 23, 1862 ; discharged 
August 13, 1863; discharged for disability. 

Eugene F. Hastings, corporal, Company A, Four- 
teenth New Hampshire Infantry ; three years ; 
mustered in September 22, 1862; discharged July 
8, 1865. 

Hubbard W. Henry, private, Company F, Four- 
teenth New Hampshire Infantry; three years; 
mustered in September 23, 1862 ; died of disease 
at Alexandria, Va., February 7, 1864. 
Dwight L. Herrick, private, Company C, Eighteenth 

New Hampshire Infantry ; one year ; mustered 
in August 31, 1864 ; discharged June 10, 1865 ; 
promoted to corporal. 

Sidney B. Higgins, private, Company E, Sixth New 
Hampshire Infantry; three years; mustered in 
November or December, 1861 ; first discharge for 
disability ; re-enlisted, and was mustered as ser- 
geant in the same company and regiment De- 
cember 24, 1863 ; promoted to first lieutenant 
March 6, 1865 ; discharged July 17, 1865 ; 
wounded October 1, 1864. 

John W. Hildreth, private, Company E, Sixth New 
Hampshire Infantry ; three years ; mustered in 
November 28, 1861 ; discharged September 29, 

1862 ; discharged for disability. 

George L. Hildreth, private, Company E, Sixth New 
Hampshire Infantry ; three years ; mustered in 
December 7, 1861 ; discharged July, 1862 ; dis- 
charged for disability. 

Taylor E. Hill, private, Company F, Fourteenth 
New Hampshire Infantry ; three years ; mus- 
tered in September 23, 1862 ; discharged July 8, 

Frank J. Holt, private, Company A, Eighteenth 
New Hampshire Infantry ; one year ; mustered 
in September 13, 1864; discharged June 10, 

Joseph Holt, private, Company F, Eighteenth New 
Hamjjshire Infantry ; one year ; mustered in 
October 28, 1864; discharged May 18, 1865. 

George Hopkins, enlisted in various organizations. 

Wayland N. Hosley, private, Company F, Fourth 
Vermont Infantry; three years; enlisted Sep- 
tember 2, 1861 ; discharged September 21, 1864 ; 
transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps November 
15, 1863. 

Henry H. Howe, sergeant, Company F, Fourteenth 
New Hampshire Infantry ; three years ; mustered 
in September 23, 1862; discharged July 8, 1865. 

Barton Howe, Jr., private, Company C, Eighteenth 
New Hampshire Infantry; one year ; mustered 
in August 31, 1864 ; discharged June 10, 1865. 

Robert Jackson, private, Seventh Connecticut Infan- 
try ; mustered in September, 1864 ; wounded in 
the mouth. 

Charles B. Lewis, private, Company C, Seventeenth 
United States Infantry ; three years ; enlisted 
September 17, 1861; discharged January 21, 

1863 ; first discharge for disability; re-enlisted, 
and was mustered, for one year, as corporal in 
Company E, Eighteenth New Hampshire Infan- 
try, September 26, 1864; promoted to sergeant 
June 1, 1865; discharged June 10, 1865. 



Reuben A. Lewis, private, Company A, Fourteenth 
New Hampshire Infantry ; one year; mustered 
in September 20, 18(54; discharged July 8, 1865. 
Lucian O. Lincoln, corporal, Company F, Fifth New 
Hampshire Infantry; three years; mustered in 
October 23, 1861 ; discharged July 7, 1862 ; first 
discharge for disability ; re-enlisted, and was 
mustered, for three years, in Company F, Four- 
teenth New Hampshire Infantry, October 2, 
1862 ; discharged July 8, 1865. 
Horace S. Lincoln, private, Company F, Eleventh 
New Hampshire Infantry ; three years ; muster- 
ed in July 28, 1864; discharged July 17, 1865; 
transferred to Company F, Sixth New Hamp- 
shire Infantry, June 1, 1865. 
James M. Martin, private, Company D, Second New 
Hampshire Infantry ; three years; mustered in 
September 17, 1861 ; died of disease at Harrison's 
Landing, Va., August 11, 1862. 
Henry J. McClenning, private.Company F, Fourteenth 
New Hampshire Infantry; three years; muster- 
ed in September 23, 1862; died of disease at 
Washington, D. C, August 7, 1863. 
J. Milo Richardson, Fourteenth New Hampshire 
Infantry ; did not leave the State ; soon discharged 
for disability. 
Daniel E. Robbins, private, Company F, Sixth New 
Hampshire Infantry; three years; mustered in 
Novemher 28, 1861; served three years; re-en- 
listed as a veteran, and was mustered in the same 
company and regiment, January 4, 1864 ; dis- 
charged July 17, 1865; severely wounded in the 
head at the battle of Cold Harbor, Va., June 3, 
Otis Safford, private, Company K, Second New 
Hampshire Infantry ; three years ; mustered in 
September 2, 1861 ; discharged July, 1864 ; re- 
enlisted and was mustered for one year in Com- 
pany F, First New Hampshire Cavalry, February 
28, 1865 ; discharged July 15, 1865 ; wounded in 
the right leg at the second battle of Bull Run, 
Norman D. Safford, private, Company E, Fifth New 
Hampshire Infantry; three years; mustered in 
November 28, 1861 ; discharged October 6, 1862; 
first discharge for disability; re-enlisted and was 
mustered for one year as sergeant in Company 
E, Eighteenth New Hampshire Infantry, Sep- 
tember 24, 1864 ; promoted to first sergeant 
April, 1865; discharged June 10, 1865. 
Leavitt W. Safford, private, Company F, First New 
Hampshire Cavalry; one year; mustered in 
March 16, L865 ; discharged July 15, 1865. 

Otis H. Scott, private, Company F, Fifth New Hamp- 
shire Infantry ; three years ; mustered in October 
23, 1861; discharged December 22, 1862; dis- 
charged for disability. 

George D. Scott, private, Company F, Fourteenth 
New Hampshire Infantry; three years ; mustered 
in September 23, 1862; discharged July 8, 1865. 

Henry Herbert Snow, private, Company F, Four- 
teenth New Hampshire Infantry; three years; 
mustered in September 23, 1862; discharged May 
25, 1863 ; discharged for disability. 

James S. Stoddard, private, Company F, Fourteenth 
New Hampshire Infantry ; three years; mustered 
in September 23, 1862; discharged July 8, 1865; 
promoted to corporal September 26, 1863; to 
sergeant, February 12, 1864; at the battle <>t 
Winchester, Va., he was hit five or six times in 
different parts of his person and clothing, one 
bullet entering his mouth and knocking out 
several teeth. 

Edwin H. Streeter, private, Company I, Ninth New 
Hampshire Infantry; three years; mustered in 
August 15, 1862 ; discharged June 10, 1865 ; pro- 
moted to corporal March 1, 1865. 

Albert W. Streeter, private, Company I, Ninth New 
Hampshire Infantry ; three years ; mustered in 
August 15, 1862; died of disease at Falmouth, 
Va., February 6, 1863. 

Herbert N. Streeter (brother of Albert W.), private, 
Company I, Ninth New Hampshire Infantry; 
three years ; mustered in August 22, 1862 ; died 
of disease at Falmouth, Va., February 7, 1863 ; 
wounded in the hand at the battle of South 
Mountain, Md. 

Marshall S. Streeter, private, Company F, Fourteenth 
New Hampshire Infantry ; three years; mustered 
in September 23, 1862 ; wounded in the left leg 
at the battle of Winchester, Va., September 19, 
1864, and died from the effects of the wound at 
Baltimore Hospital, October 9th, the same year. 

Herbert B. Titus, Company A, Second New Hamp- 
shire Infantry; three years; discharged June 10, 
1865; commissioned second lieutenant June 4, 
1861 ; first lieutenant, August, 1861, and assigned 
to Company F; promoted to major of the Ninth 
New Hampshire Infantry June 14,1862; com- 
missioned colonel of the same regiment Novem- 
ber 22, 1862; discharged September 27, 1864, but 
reinstated by Special Orders No. 377, par. 18, War 
Department, November 1, 1864; at the battle Of 
Antietam, Md., September 17, 1862, he was 
severely wounded in the right shoulder ; March 
15,1865, he was appointed brigadier-general by 



brevet, "for gallant and meritorious services 
during the war.'' 

David B. Tyrrel, private, Company A, Second New 
Hampshire Infantry; three years; mustered in 
August 24, 1861 ; discharged August 24, 1864. 

Everett C. Tyrrel, private, Company D, Second New 
Hampshire Infantry; three years; mustered in 
September, 1861; discharged May, 1863; dis- 
charged for disability. 

David S. Walton, Jr., private, Company I, First Ber- 
dan's United States Sharpshooters ; three years ; 
enlisted September 11, 1861 ; discharged Decem- 
ber 10, 1862 ; discharged for disability. 

Lyman H. Warren, private, Seventeenth United States 
Infantry; three years; enlisted September 16, 
1861; appointed second lieutenant October 13, 
1862 ; brevetted captain July 2, 1863; appointed 
captain October 25, 1865 ; slightly wounded in 
one of his feet at the battle of Chancellorsville, 
Va. ; died at Houston, Tex., September 18, 1867. 

Alonzo W. Wheeler, private, Company F, First New 
Hampshire Cavalry ; one year ; mustered in 
March 8, 1865 ; discharged July 15, 1865. 

Of the seventy-four men whose names have 
been given above, none were killed in battle ; 
one died from the effects of a wound received 
in battle ; eleven were wounded and survived ; 
six died of disease. 

The amount of the bounties paid by the town 
during the war was twenty-four thousand six 
hundred dollars. 

Twelve persons were drafted and paid a com- 
mutation of three hundred dollars each, and 
twenty-seven furnished substitutes at an expense 
of from one hundred to four hundred dollars 

Increase and Decrease of Popula- 
tion. — A census taken by order of the provin- 
cial government in the year 1767 shows that 
Chesterfield then had 365 inhabitants. In 1773 
the number of inhabitants was 747, of whom 
400 were males. In September, 1775, the 
selectmen made an enumeration of the inhabit- 
ants of the town and found the number to be, 
including 36 men absent in the army, 874. 
Of this number, 462 were males. No slaves 
were returned in these early censuses. 

During the War of the Revolution many 

families came into the town from Massachusetts, 
Rhode Island and Connecticut. By the year 
1786 the number of inhabitants had reached 
1535, notwithstanding the unsettled state of 
affairs that existed in the town during the Revo- 
lutionary period. 

The number of inhabitants of the town in 
every tenth year since 1790 (inclusive) has been 
as follows : 

1790, 1905; 1800, 2161 ; 1810, 1839; 1820, 
2110; 1830,2046; 1840, 1765; 1850,1680; 
1860, 1434; 1870, 1289 ; 1880, 1173. 

The District Schools. — The schools are 
mentioned for the first time, in the records of 
the town, in the warrant for a town-meeting 
held the second Tuesday in June, 1767. At 
that time the town had not been divided into 
school-wards, or districts, and what few schools 
there were, were taught in private houses. The 
sum of money raised for school purposes in 
1767 (if any) was not recorded; but at the 
annual town- meeting in 1771 it was voted to 
raise fifteen pounds for the support of schools. 
From 1771 to 1779 the amount raised annually 
seems at no time to have exceeded fifty pounds. 
During the next five years the town was in a 
more or less disturbed condition, and little or 
no money appears to have been raised for the 
support of schools. In 1776 the town was 
divided into several school-wards, and each 
ward allowed to employ an instructor ; but it 
was not till 1787 that the town was divided 
into any considerable number of wards, nine- 
teen of them having been established that year. 
Frequent changes were made in the lines of 
these wards previous to 1815, about which time 
the term " district " was adopted in the place of 
" ward." 

When or where the first school-house was 
built in Chesterfield has not been ascertained. 
It is doubtful if one was built before 1785. 
The oldest school-houses now standing appear 
to have been erected between 1800 and 1812. 
The one in District No. 7 is known to have 
been built about 1810. Before the building of 



school-houses the schools were taught, as already 
stated, iu private houses. At one time, near 
the beginning of the present century, the school 
in District No. 7 (the Hardscrabble District) 
was kept in Gibson Willard's barn. Many of 
the schools were much larger in the first quarter 
of this century than at present ; some of them, 
it is said, had nearly one hundred scholars each. 
Id the winter of 1810-17 the little school-house 
in the district last mentioned is said, on good 
authority, to have been occupied by at least 
eightv pupils. The number of scholars in the 
district is now about fifteen. The largest dis- 
trict in the town, No. 13 (which includes Ches- 
terfield Factory), has at present about sixty 
scholars ; the next largest, No. 1 (which in- 
cludes West Chesterfield), has about thirty-five. 
'Hie average number of scholars attending 
school each year previous to 1847 has not been 
ascertained. Since that date the number for 
each fifth year has been as follows: 

1847, 438 ; 1852, 342 (?) ; 1857, 430 ; 1862, 
355; 1867, 300; 1872, 265; 1877, 225. The 
number of scholars enrolled in 1883 was 218. 
The amount of money raised yearly by tax- 
ation for the support of schools was, from 1785 
to 1798, usually one hundred pounds; from 
the latter date to 1805, four hundred dollars. 
From 1805 to 1847 the amount raised annually 
appears to have varied from four hundred and 
forty dollars to eight hundred dollars; from 
1847 to the present time it has been from eight 
hundred dollars to fifteen hundred dollars. 
Since 1829 each district has received annually 
a portion of the "literary fund," this town's 
share of which, for a number of years, has aver- 
aged not far from one hundred dollars. The 
greatest number of districts in which schools 
have been maintained since 1817 has been, 
apparently, sixteen ; at present the number is 
thirteen or fourteen. 

Chesterfield Academy. — On the 12th 
day of January, 1790, the New Hampshire 
Legislature passed an act entitled " An Act to 
incorporate an Academy in the Town of Ches- 

terfield, by the name of the Chesterfield Acade- 
my." In the preamble of this act it is stated that 
" the education of youth has ever been con- 
sidered by the wise and good as an object of 
the highest consequence to the safety and happi- 
ness of a People ; " also, that " Peter Stone, of 
Chesterfield, gentleman, and sundry other per- 
sons, have voluntarily contributed certain sums 
of money for the purpose of establishing and 
supporting a public school, or academy, in said 

The first section of the act sets forth the 
object of the academy, namely, "the promoting 
piety and virtue, and the instruction of youth 
in such branches of useful Literature as the 
trustees hereby appointed shall think proper to 
direct." The same section also empowered 
Rev. Abraham Wood, Solomon Harvey, phy- 
sician, Moses Smith, Esq., Silas Richardson, 
Zur Evans, Simon Willard and Abner John- 
son, gentlemen, all of Chesterfield, to act as 
trustees. The third section provided that 
" Abraham Wood and other trustees, as afore- 
said, and the longest livers and survivors of 
them, and their successors, be the true and sole 
visitors, trustees and governors of the said 
Academy, in perpetual succession forever." 
The fourth section fixed the number of trustees 
at not less than seven, nor more than eleven, 
and provided that the major part of them should 
be "laymen and respectable freeholders." In 
the sixth section provisions were made for 
the holding, by the trustees, of real and personal 
estate, provided the annual income from the real 
estate should not exceed five hundred pounds, 
and that from the personal estate should not 
exceed two thousand pounds, " both sums to 
be valued in silver, at the rate of sis shillings 
and eight-pence by the ounce." 

It was enacted by the eighth, and last, section 
that all estate, both personal and real, held within 
this State for the use of the academy, should be 
exempt from taxation; and that students of the 
academy should also be exempt from paying 



It has usually been stated that the academy 
was not opened till August 14, 1794, but the 
records of the institution show that this state- 
ment is, in all probability, incorrect. August 
31, 1791, the trustees voted to hire Sheldon Lo- 
gan " to instruct in the academy for the term of 
one year," and to give him eighty pounds for 
his services. July 4, 1792, they voted that the 
afternoon of every Wednesday, for the rest of 
the year, should be "a vacation." There could 
be no reason for passing the latter vote if the 
school was not already in operation. 

The date of the erection of the academy 
building cannot be ascertained, but it is certain 
that the petitioners for the incorporation of the 
academy, in their petition to the Legislature, 
stated that a sufficient sum of money had al- 
ready been raised " to erect a house of suffi- 
cient bigness in the town of Chesterfield, in 
which a Seminary may be kept, etc." The 
town also voted, May 6, 1790, to allow the 
trustees of the academy to put a building on 
the common for the use of the school. Whether 
the academy building was completed before 
August, 1794 (the school, in the mean time, 
being kept in some other house), cannot now 
be determined with certainty. 

For many years after its incorporation 
the academy had the reputation of being one of 
the best schools in the State, ranking second, it 
is said, to Phillips Academy, at Exeter. It 
was attended by students from all the neigh- 
boring towns, and some came from remoter 
places, even from the Southern States. Many 
of those who sought instruction at this insti- 
tution became, later in life, eminent in the var- 
ious trades and professions. 

It was a common practice, in the earlier 
years of the academy, for the trustees to grant 
the use of the academy building, and sometimes 
other property, to certain persons styled "adven- 
turers," on condition that they should employ 
an instructor and keep the school in operation. 
It seems that the property held by the trustees 
for the benefit of the academy never produced 

an income sufficient for its support ; and some- 
times this income and the tuition fees together 
amounted to less than the expenses. The prop- 
erty held by the trustees seems to have consisted 
almost wholly of real estate. This included, 
about the year 1800, a part, if not all, of the 
glebe-land, in the southeastern quarter of the 

In 1808 the Legislature passed an act grant- 
ing to the trustees the privilege of raising 
money by lottery for the benefit of the school. 
Elijah Dunbar, Benjamin Cook, John Putnam 
and Phineas Handerson were chosen managers 
of this lottery ; but the records of the academy 
do not show how much money was obtained in 
this way. The sum allowed by the act of the 
Legislature to be raised was five thousand dol- 
lars ; but probably only a small part of this 
sum was ever actually obtained. The act was 
extended, however, by the Legislature in 1814. 

The number of "adventurers 1 ' for the year 
last mentioned was one hundred, and the defi- 
ciency to be made up by them amounted to 
eighty-eight dollars- and sixty-seven cents. 

September 11, 1818, the trustees voted "that 
Captain Benjamin Cook sell to the highest bid- 
der the privilege of selling liquor on the com- 
mon on exhibition day, and that the money so 
raised be applied to building the stage and 
paying Mr. Hardy a balance of about nine dol- 
lars due him for arrearages of board for the 
last year." 

The exhibitions that were given by the stu- 
dents of the academy during the period of its 
greatest prosperity were notable incidents in 
the history of the school, and even of the town. 
It was a part of the by-laws of the institution 
that no student should take part in these exhi- 
bitions until he had been a member of the 
school at least twelve weeks, unless he had had 
previous instruction in the art of declaiming 
under a competent teacher ; and all students to 
whom parts were assigned, in any public exhi- 
bition, were obliged to make careful preparation 

in order to perform their parts accurately and 




preserve the reputation of the Academy." 
The names of all the preceptors of the acad- 
emy from its incorporation till 1847 have not 
been obtained ; but some of them were as fol- 
lows : 

Sheldon Logan was, perhaps, preceptor 1791 
-94. It is certain that he was engaged by 
the trustees lor one year, beginning August 14, 
1794, at a salary of one hundred pounds. 

John Noyes was preceptor two years, com- 
mencing his duties September 1, 1795. He was 
a graduate of Dartmouth College and at one 
time represented the Southern District of Ver- 
mont in the Congress of the United States. 

Broughton Wright (?) was preceptor one year 
from August or September, 1797. 

Levi Jackson, of Chesterfield, was preceptor 
1799-1805. (See Biographical Notices.) 

Daniel Hardy taught at least one year, begin- 
ning in the autumn of 1805. 

Isaac Fletcher, a student of Dartmouth Col- 
lege, was preceptor in 1808. He married, in 
181:2, Abigail, daughter of Peter Stone, Sr., of 
this town, and afterwards practiced law at Lyn- 
don, Vt. 

Jonathan llartwell was preceptor in 1809. 

Asa Keyes was preceptor two years from 
April 16, 1810. He was a graduate of Dart- 
mouth College and became a distinguished law- 
yer. He died in Brattleborough, Vt., June 4, 
1880, at the great age of ninety-three years. His 
wife was Sarah, daughter of Asa Britton, Esq., 
of Chesterfield. 

McConihe appears to have taught six 

months in 1812. 

Otis Ilutchins, of Westmoreland, was pre- 
ceptor two years at least, commencing in the 
autumn of L812. He was again engaged in 
the spring of 1820 for the term of three years. 
His salary was to be raised in part by subscrip- 
tions, which could be paid in cloth, provisions, 
wood, etc. He died in Westmoreland October 
(5, 1866. 

Elisha S. Plumb was preceptor 1815-16. 

Thomas Hardy was preceptor 1817-19. He 

was again engaged to teach in 1834 for the 
term of ten years, and was to receive as salary 
all the tuition fees. He was also to have the 
privilege of selling books and stationery to the 
students. The trustees also agreed to provide 
twenty-five days' work each year for Mr. Har- 
dy's form. He was released from his engage- 
ment, at his own request, February 6, 1838. 

Mr. Hardy was one of the most efficient and 
respected teachers ever connected with the acad- 
emy. He was a graduate of Dartmouth Col- 
lege and spent many years in teaching. The 
entire number of persons under his instruction 
during his career as a teacher was six thousand 
seven hundred. He died March 3, 1864. 

George Freeman was preceptor three months 
in 1822; Rev. John Walker, six months or 
more in 1823 ; John Chamberlain in 182 I. 

Josiah "W. Fairfield was preceptor 1824-26. 
He was a native of New Boston, this State, and 
graduated at Dartmouth College in 1827. He 
married Laura, daughter of Asa Britton, Esq., 
of this town, in 1829, and settled in Hudson, 
N. Y., where he died, December 3, 1878. 

Edward P. Harris was preceptor 1827-28; 
Oliver M. Smith, 1830 ; James W. Emery, 

Charles L. Strong was preceptor 1832-33, 
and again in 1841-44. Mr. Strong was a grad- 
uate of Amherst College and was a teacher by 
profession. He married, in 1843, Prusha, 
daughter of Ashbel Wheeler, Sr., of Chester- 
field, and died in this town August 2, 1S47. 

John E. Butler, of Jamaica, Vt., was an as- 
sistant teacher in 1833. He afterwards became 
a distinguished lawyer in the State of Vermont. 

Samuel H. Price was preceptor 1838-39 ; 
Nathan Kendall, 1845-47. 

Since 1850 the academy has not been in a 
flourishing condition and for several years has 
been closed. 

The original academy building stood on the 
southeastern part of the common, at the Centre 
village, a few rods from the old meeting-house. 

It was a two-story structure surmounted by 



a belfry, in which, however, there was no bell. 
April 9, 1859, it was burned to the ground. A 
new building was erected the same year, having 
nearly the same location, by School District No. 
5 and the trustees of the academy, conjointly, 
on condition that the same should be used both 
for the district school and a High School or 

The Churches. — The First Congregational 
Church of Chesterfield was probably orgauized 
in 1771, but it is evident that a site had been 
selected for a meeting-house, on the common, 
as early as 1767 ; for, in the record of the ac- 
ceptance of a new road by the town that year, 
mention is made of the " meeting-house place." 
April 24, 1770, the town voted to raise one 
hundred pounds, to cover the meeting-house 
frame, that had already been erected. June 8, 
1772, it was voted by the town to take seventy- 
live pounds of the money appropriated for the 
highways and use it in finishing the outside of 
the meeting-house. This building stood on the 
common, at the Centre village, about thirty-five 
feet south of the site of the present town-house, 
and was about sixty feet long and forty-five 
feet wide. It was two stories high, with two 
rows of windows, and originally had a porch 
on each end. 

The west porch, however, was removed in 
accordance with a vote passed by the town in 
1815, and a projecting bell-tower built in 
place of it. The bell in this tower was rung 
on week-days at noon and at nine o'clock in 
the evening. All the town-meetings were 
held in this house from September, 1771, till it 
was burned down by an incendiary fire, March 
1, 1851. It was also used by the students of 
Chesterfield Academy for their public exhibi- 
tions. The present Congregational meeting- 
house was occupied, for the first time, in No- 
vember, 1834. 

The first settled minister in Chesterfield was 
Abraham Wood (see Biographical Notices), who 
came from Sudbury, Mass., at the age of about 
twenty-four years, and was ordained pastor of 

the First Congregational Church December 31, 
1772. For half a century Mr. Wood was the 
sole pastor of this church. Before Mr. Wood 
came to Chesterfield, John Eliot preached for 
a while " on probation ; " but, for reasons which 
he did not see fit to make public, he declined an 
invitation to become the settled pastor of the 
Congregational Church in this town. After 
Mr. Eliot's declination the town voted (Octo- 
ber 12, 1772) to invite Mr. Wood to be their 
pastor, which invitation was accepted by him 
in a letter dated November 17, 1772. 

At a special town-meeting held the 7th day 
of the following December, preparations were 
made for the ordination of Mr. Wood. It was 
voted, — 

"1. That Thursday, the 31st day of the same 
month, should be the day on which the ordination 
was to take place. 

" 2. That Elisha Rockwood should have £8 for pro- 
viding and entertaining with victuals, drink, lodgings 
and horse-keeping the whole of the council of minis- 
ters, delegates and other gentlemen of distinction. 

" 3. That the sum of £9 should be raised to defray 
any expenses arising from the ordination. 

" 4. That the town concur with the vote of the 
church, to send invitations to other churches to assist 
in the ordination. 

" 5. That the window-caps of the meeting-house 
should be of straight, solid wood, with cornice on the 

" 6. That two or three Sabbaths a year should be 
granted to Mr. Wood, to enable him to visit his 
friends, so long as he should be the pastor of the 

For the first nineteen years of his ministry Mr. 
Wood received an annual salary of sixty-five 
pounds, which sum was raised to eighty pounds 
in 1792. From 1800 to 1822 the average sum 
raised yearly by taxation, for the support of 
preaching, was about two hundred and seventy- 
five dollars. After the latter date no taxes were 
assessed for the support of religious instruction. 
In the year 1800 the names of forty-seven tax- 
payers were recorded in the town records as being 
persons who Avere members of the "Universal 
Restoration Society," and consequently ex- 



empted (by the Bill of Rights) from paying min- 
ister rates. In 1802 the names of thirty-one 
tax-] layers were recorded as being members of 
the " Republican Society," and, therefore, " not 
holden by law to pay taxes for the support of 
Congregational ministers." 

Mr. Wood having become, a few months be- 
fore his death, unable to attend to his pastoral 
duties, Rev. John Walker was installed as col- 
league pastor April 30, 1823. Mr. Wood re- 
tained his ministry, however, till he died, Octo- 
ber 18, 1823. During his pastorate three 
hundred and twenty-four persons united with 
the church, either by profession or by letter, 
including; those who were members when he 
was ordained. The number of persons bap- 
tized was seven hundred and sixty-five. At 
the date of Mr. Walker's installation as col- 
league pastor the church had one hundred and 
thirteen members, and eight more were admitted 
during the year. 

Besides Rev. Abraham Wood, this church 
has had the following pastors : Rev. John 
Walker, from April 30, 1823, to April 22, 
1829 ; Rev. Elihu Smith, May 23, 1832, to 
December 2, 1834; Rev. Josiah Ballard, Au- 
gust 5, 1835, till the following spring ; Rev. 
Hosea Becklev, 1836-42; Rev. Benjamin E. 
Hale, August 31, 1842, to November 11, 1847 5 
Rev. Ebenezer Newhall, July 23, 1852, to July 
2, 1854; Rev. Jeffries Hall, April, 1858, to 
April, I860; Rev. Albert E. Hall, November, 
1SS2, to the present time. 

The <l I 'nil-,, sal Restoration Society " was or- 
ganized as early as 1798, and perhaps earlier. 
The annual meetings for the election of officers 
were regularly held for many years before the 
society was incorporated ; but services seem to 
have been held only occasionally. In June, 
1818, fifty-five members of the society peti- 
tioned the Legislature for an act of incorpora- 
tion. The petition was granted, and an act 
passed incorporating Oliver Baker, Stephen 
Streeter and Jonathan Cochran, with their as- 
sociates and successors, into a society to be 

known as the " Universal Restoration Society." 
Previous to 1830 the Universalists held their 
meetings for worship, for the most part, in 
school-houses and private dwellings ; for the 
town would not vote to allow them the use of 
the meeting-house at the Centre village, for any 
purpose whatever, till 1816, when they were 
permitted to hold a convention in it. January 
2, 1830, it was voted by the town to grant the 
use of the meeting-house to the Universalists, 
every alternate Sunday, for one year. The 
same year, however, the house now occupied by 
them, at the West village, was built. 

The names of very few of the Universal ist 
preachers who preached in Chesterfield before 
1830 are now known. January 2, 1822, it 
was voted by the society to hire Robert Bart- 
lett, of Langdon, to preach on five Sundays 
during the year, provided he could be engaged 
for five dollars per Sunday. 

In 1823-26 the society appears to have had 
preaching only four Sabbaths each year. 

In April, 1828, arrangements were made to 
engage Rev. William S. Balch to preach every 
fourth Sunday during the year ensuing, if he 
could be engaged for eighty dollars. Since 
1830 the Universalists of Chesterfield have 
usually held services in the meeting-house at 
the West village every alternate Sabbath, em- 
ploying a pastor in connection with societies in 
Winchester, Westmoreland, and Putney, Yt. 
The pastors of the Universalist Society have 
been, since 1830, as nearly as can be ascertained, 
as follows : 

Rev. Philemon R. Russell, about two years, 
between 1830 and 1835; Rev. Stephen A. 
Barnard (Unitarian), 1835-37 ; Rev. Charles 
Woodhouse, 1838-41 and again in 1843; Rev. 
William N. Barber, for a while between 1841 
and 1843 ; Rev. Josiah Marvin, 1844-45 ; Rev. 
Edwin H. Lake, from about 1851-54 ; Rev. 
Hymen B. Butler, 1854-56 ; Rev. Sullivan II. 
M'Collester, 1857-62 ; Rev. ( Miver G. Wood- 
bury, 1 8(52-70 ; Rev. Joseph Barber, 1871-77 ; 
Rev. Hiram B. Morgan, 1878-81 ; Rev. Ed- 



ward Smiley, 1882-84; Rev. Winfield S. Wil- 
liams, 1884-5. 

Baptist Church. — No records of the Baptist 
Church of Chesterfield have been found, but 
it is known that Nathan Worden, a preacher of 
this denomination, settled in the town as early 
as 1787, and in 1819 a society was incorporated 
under the name of the " First Baptist Church." 
Several persons of the Baptist persuasion had 
an interest in the church built by the Univer- 
salists in 1830, and for a few years held ser- 
vices in it. This society has been extinct for 
many years. 

Methodist Episcopal Church. — The organiza- 
tion of the present Methodist Episcopal Society 
of Chesterfield dates from June 18, 1842. 

It is said that Jesse Lee visited the town as 
early as 1793, and from that time to the present 
it has been a " preaching-place." In 1796 the 
first circuit in New Hampshire was formed, 
called the " Chesterfield Circuit," and which 
had only sixty-eight members. 

The names of but few of the early Methodist 
preachers in this town are now known. 

Rev. Jonathan Nichols, of Thompson, Conn., 
preached here at an early period, and Rev. 
Martin Rutter is said to have preached his first 
sermon in James Robertson's house (now owned 
and occupied by his grandson, Timothy N. 
Robertson). One of the earliest Methodist 
preachers at Factory village is said to have 
been a Rev. Mr. House. 

In 1844 the Methodists built a meeting- 
house at the Centre village. Before that time 
they worshiped in private houses, school- 
houses and sometimes in the old Congregational 
meeting-house. Since 1839 the pastors of this 
society, as far as ascertained, have been as fol- 
lows : Rev. C. L. McCurdy, 1839-40 ; Rev. 
Alonzo Webster, 1842-43 ; Rev. C. Holman, 
1848; Rev. D. P. Leavitt, 1852; Rev. E. 
Adams, 1853; Rev. J. Hayes, 1854-55; Rev. 
A. K. Howard, 1856-57 ; Rev. J. P. Stinch- 
field, 1858-59; Rev. N. Green, 1860; Rev. 
Thomas L. Fowler, 1861-67; Rev. W. H. 

Cummings, 1869 ; Rev. James H. Copp, 1870 ; 
Rev. N. Fisk, 1871 ; Rev. Andrew L. Ken- 
dall, 1872-75; Rev. Edward P. F. Dearborn, 
1875-77; Rev. John A. Parker, 1877; Rev. 
William W. Le Seur, 1878-81 ; Rev. Julius 
M. Buffum, 1881-82; Rev. Thomas L. Fow- 
ler, at the present time. 

A Unitarian Church was organized in Ches- 
terfield about 1834, and existed a few years. It 
was composed, in part, of persons who had 
withdrawn from the Congregational Society. 
Rev. Stephen A. Barnard was pastor of this 
church in 1835, '36 and '37, preaching every 
alternate Sunday in the old meeting-house at 
the Centre village. As already stated, he also 
preached for the Uuiversalists at the West vil- 
lage during the same years. 

The meeting-house at Factory village was 
erected in 1853. It is a " union " house (so- 
called), the expense of building which was de- 
frayed by the sale of pews, which were pur- 
chased by Congregationalists, Methodists and 
Universalists, on condition that each denomina- 
tion represented should have the privilege of 
using the house to a certain extent. For a 
number of years the Methodists have alter- 
nately held their services in this house and in 
their church at the Centre village. 

Manufactures. — The manufacture of any 
kind of goods or wares has never been carried 
on very extensively in Chesterfield ; yet consi- 
derable manufacturing has been done in the 
eastern part of the town, and a less amount in 
the western. In December, 1805, Ebenezer 
Stearns, Moses Smith, Ebenezer Cheney and 
seventeen others were incorporated into a com- 
pany called the Chesterfield Manufactory, for 
the purpose of manufacturing "cotton yarn, 
cloth and woolens." 

At the June session of the Legislature in 
1809 an additional act was passed empowering 
the corporation to raise the sum of fifty thou- 
sand dollars, to be employed as should be 
thought proper. It appears that the shares 
were fixed at one hundred dollars each, and that 



Ebenezer Stearns held, in 1809, ten thousand 
dollars' worth of the stock ; the rest of the 
shareholders, of whom there were about twenty, 
held from five to fifty shares each. 

In 1810 the company erected a factory at 
the village, which has ever since been called 
" Factory Village," or "Chesterfield Factory," 
the latter being the correct post-office name. 
This building, which is one hundred feet long 
by thirty feet wide, and two stories high (ex- 
clusive of the basement), was built by Presson 
Farwell for seven hundred dollars. 

For a few years after the factory was built 
cotton yarn is said to have been made in it ; 
then it was closed for a while. In 1821, Cap- 
tain William S. Brooks, who settled in Ches- 
terfield that year, was chosen agent of the cor- 
poration, and began the manufacture of cotton 
shirting. Captain Brooks continued to manage 
the affairs ofthe corporation, as agent, till 1839, 
when he removed to Brattlcborough ; but he re- 
tained his connection with the factory till 

The manufacture of shirting was afterwards 
continued in this factory for some time by 
Olney Gofi'and by Barton Skinner. 

The building was next converted into a 
manufactory of doors, window-sashes and blinds 
by R. Henry Hopkins and Horace Howe. It 
is used for this purpose at present by George 
L. Hamilton, who employs ten men. 

About 1820 the manufacture of "patent 
accelerating spinning-wheel heads" was begun 
;it Factory village by Ezekiel P. Pierce, with 
whom were associated Asahel Porter and 
(ienrge Metcalf. The manufacture of these 
articles has since been conducted at that village 
by Jonathan S. Hopkins, Elliot P. and Samuel 
F. Hopkins, Ezekiel P. Pierce, Jr., Richard 
Hopkins, Jr., Sidney S. Campbell, Benjamin 
Pierce and Frederick B. Pierce. At one time 
duringthei 'ivil War Benjamin Pierce employed 
aboul seventy-five hands in this business. Spin- 
ning-wheel heads were also made at the West 
village for a while, many years ago, by John 

Pierce and his sou Alfred, and by Alanson and 
Alfred Chamberlain. 

In 1834 or 1835 the manufacture of augers, 
bits and gimlets was commenced, near the West 
village, by Joshua Richardson and Oliver B. 
Huggins, with whom appears to have been as- 
sociated E. P. Pierce, Sr. After a year or 
two they were succeeded by E. P. Pierce, Jr., 
and Charles Cross. Subsequently the business 
was carried on for a while, at the same place, 
by Pierce, Cross and Alonzo Farr. 

In 1836 or 1837 the making of bits, augers, 
etc., was begun at Factory village by Richard- 
son A: Huggins. Afterwards the same business 
was carried on by George Goodrich alone, 
and by him and George Atherton for a few- 

About 1853, Benjamin Pierce, who had pre- 
viously been employed by Richardson & Hug- 
gins, commenced the maun fact i ire of bits, etc, 
in the same shop, having purchased it of Barton 
Skinner. For many years Mr. Pierce con- 
ducted the business alone, employing a consid- 
erable number of hands, and producing yearly 
a large number of bits, angers and other wood- 
boring tools. In 1870 his son, Frederick B. 
Pierce, began to manufacture the same kind of 
goods for his father (who conducted the sales 
of the same), having previously been in com- 
pany with R. Henry Hopkins for about two years. 

In July, 1882, F. B. Pierce was succeeded 
in this business by the Currier Brothers (Albert 
E. and F. Eugene), who give employment at 
present to twenty-three men. Their total pro- 
duction amounts to about one hundred and 
fifty thousand pieces per annum. 

F. B. Pierce is pretty extensively engaged in 
the manufacture of brush-handles at factory 
village, employing at present about thirty 
hands. At the West village Olin R. Farr 
makes tables, and prepares stuff for boxes, 
brush-handles, etc. Other articles that have 
been made in Chesterfield, many years ago, 
but not to any great extent, are gunpowder, 
scythes, hoes, pegs, etc. 



Charles S. Kendall made pegs a few years in 
the building in which E. P. Pierce, Jr., for- 
merly manufactured spinning-wheel heads, and 
which has been used since 1866 by Ira P. Bux- 
ton for the manufacture of pail-staves, shin- 
gles, etc. 

In 1863, Rev. T. L. Fowler purchased the 
building at Factory village which had for- 
merly been used many years by Joshua Graves 
for a blacksmith's shop, and fitted it up for the 
manufacture of clothes-pins, and used it for this 
purpose until November, 1868, when he con- 
verted it into a saw-mill. 

In 1874, Mr. Fowler sold the mill to his son, 
Herschel J. Fowler, who engaged in the manu- 
facture of pail-staves. The latter afterwards 
erected a two-story building close to the old 
one, in which he manufactured packing-boxes. 
This building is now used by B. F. Pierce in 
the manufacture of paint and varnish brush 

About 1815 (probably), David and William 
Arnold engaged in tanning hides at the Centre 

About 1817 their tannery was bought by 
Moses Dudley, who continued the business till 
about 1851. 

About 1832 Lloyd Stearns and David 
Arnold began the same business in the present 
tannery building at Factory village. Stearns 
removed to Illinois about 1835, when the busi- 
ness was continued by Arnold, at first associated 
with Nathaniel Walton for a few years, and 
then alone. From 1844 to 1865 this tannery 
was owned by Sumner Warren, now of Keene, 
who carried on a pretty extensive business. 

The business was afterwards continued for a 
while by Earl Warren, of Westmoreland. 

At present there is no tannery in operation in 

There are now only three grist-mills in the 
town, — Bradford C. Farr's, at Factory village, 
Prusha W. Strong's and Warren W. Farr's, at 
the West village. 

The largest saw-mill in Chesterfield was built 

by the Steam Mill Company, at the former vil- 
lage, in 1872. In 1878 this mill was burned, 
but was rebuilt the same year by James H. & 
George Goodrich. It has an engine of forty- 
five horse-power, and is now owned and run by 
James H. Goodrich. The Butlers' steam saw- 
mill is located on the upper part of Catsbane 
Brook ; O. R. Farr's and W. W. Farr's saw- 
mills are at the West village. 

Taverns and Hotels. — The earliest tav- 
erns were merely private houses situated near 
the principal highways, and whose owners 
availed themselves of the opportunity to add to 
the income derived from their farms by provid- 
ing food and lodging for hungry and weary 
travelers, and an abundance of spirituous and 
fermented drinks for the thirsty. 

After a while a law was passed compelling 
tavern-keepers and retailers of spirituous liquors 
to obtain a license from the selectmen. The 
first recorded licenses for this purpose were 
granted in 1792, in which year four persons were 
licensed as taverners and one to sell spirituous 
liquors. It is not at all probable, however, that 
one person enjoyed a monopoly of the trade in 
strong drink that year. 

In 1793 there were only two licensed tavern- 
ers, while five persons were licensed to retail 
spirits; and in 1794 the number of tavern-keep- 
ers was three, the number of retailers of spirits 
remaining the same. In 1800 there were seven 
licensed tavern-keepers and only two licensed 
retailers of liquors. 

Among the earliest tavern-keepers were Oli- 
ver Cobleigh, Nathaniel Stone, Andrew Hast- 
ings, Abraham Stearns, Nathaniel Bingham and 
Ebenezer Harvey, Sr. 

Ebenezer Harvey's tavern stood on the site 
of the late Parker D. Cressey's residence at the 
Centre village, and was probably one of the old- 
est taverns in the town. 

In 1801, Levi Mead came to Chesterfield, 
from Lexington, Mass., and lived in the house 
now occupied by Roswell Butler, at the Centre 
village, which he kept as a tavern. In 1816 



he built at the same village what was known 
for many years as the Mead tavern, and which 
is now called the Chesterfield Hotel. Since his 
death, in 1828, this tavern has had several dif- 
ferent owners, among them his sons, Bradley 
and Elias. From I860 to 1868 it was owned 
and kept by Parker D. Cressey, and since 18 76 
it has been owned by Lucius Thatcher. 

The present hotel at Factory village, known 
as the Spafford House, was built in 1807 by 
Elnathan Gorham for a dwelling-house. It 
was first used as a tavern by Presson Farwell. 
Afterwards it was owned and kept many years 
by Samuel Burt, who, in 1867, sold it to San- 
ford Guernsey. In 1880, it was purchased of 
Mr. Guernsey by Walter J. Wheeler. Its 
present proprietor is Alfred L. Proctor. 

In 1831, Ezekiel P. Pierce, Sr., built a large 
-tone house on the old Pierce homestead, near 
the lake, which he kept as a tavern several years. 

The tavern which Amos Smith kept near the 
river, in the northwestern quarter of the town, 
and which was afterwards kept by his son, 
George Smith, was frequented by boatmen and 
raftsmen in the days when merchandise was 
transported up and down the river by means of 
boats, and logs were conducted down in rafts. 
The same is true of the old Snow tavern, after- 
wards the town poor-house. 

The Prospect House, situated on an eminence 
near the southern shore of Spafford's Lake, of 
which it commands a fine view, was built in 
1 >7."> by the late John W. Herrick, of Keene. 
Since its erection it has been enlarged and other- 
wise improved. This hotel is kept open only 
during the summer, and is now owned by Hon. 
Charles A. Rapallo, of .New York City, one of 
the judges of the Court of Appeals for the State 
of New York. It has been managed, since 
1879, by A. 11. Mason, of Keene. 

Post-Offices. — The post-office at the Centre 
village (Chesterfield) was established August 12, 

The following persons have been postmasters 

at this village : 


Ebenezer Harvey, commissioned August 12, 1802. 

Asa Britton, commissioned November 16, 1810. 

Daniel Waldo, commissioned December 30, 1830. 

Warham R. Platts, commissioned October 4, 1833. 

Nelson W. Herrick, commissioned August 6, 1841. 

Warham R. Platts, commissioned September 11, 

Charles J. Amidon, commissioned May 29, 1849. 

Henry O. Coolidge, commissioned April 2, 1851. 

Warham R. Platts, commissioned May 20, 1853. 

Henry O. Coolidge, commissioned August 10, 1861. 

James M. Herrick, commissioned February 27, 

Romanzo C. Cressey, commissioned April 9, 1868. 

Murray Davis, commissioned October 24, 1873. 

James H. Goodrich (2d), commissioned October 6, 

Sewall F. Rugg, commissioned August 5, 1881. 

The post-office at Factory village (Chester- 
field Factory) was established January 12, 1828. 

The postmasters at this village have been as 
follows : 

George S. Root, commissioned January 12, 1828. 

Horatio N. Chandler, commissioned December 14, 

Samuel Burt, Jr., commissioned July 28, 1838. 

Bela Chase, commissioned August 6, 1841. 

Samuel Burt, commissioned December 30, 1844. 

David W. Beckley, commissioned April 26, 1850. 

Samuel Burt, commissioned September 11, 1854. 

David W. Beckley, commissioned July 20, 1861. 

James C. Farwell, commissioned January 15, 1866. 

The post-office at the West village (West 
Chesterfield) was established April 17, 18(56, at 
which time James H. Ford was commissioned 
postmaster. He held the office till November, 
1870. Since December 19, 1870, Emory II. 
Colburn has been postmaster at this village. 

Physicians. — The following are the names 
of some of the physicians who have practiced 
their profession in Chesterfield lor longer or 
shorter periods: Dr. Elkanah Day, 1767 (or 

earlier) till ; Dr. Moses Ellis, before 17^7 ; 

Dr. Samuel King, 1785 (or earlier) till ; 

Dr. Solomon Harvey, about 1770-1821 (or 

later); Dr. Barnard, about 1771); Dr. 

Joshua Tyler, from between 1776 and 1781 
till 1807; Dr. Oliver Atherton, from about 1787 
till LSI -1; Dr. Prescott Hall, about 1806; Dr. 



James R. Grow, about 1812 ; Dr. Oliver Baker, 
1809-40; Dr. George Farrington, 1814-16; 

Dr. Joshua Converse, to 1833 ; Dr. Jason 

Farr, several years previous to 1825 ; Dr. Jerry 
Lyons, 1814-25; Dr. Philip Hall, a number 
of years previous to 1828 ; Dr. Harvey Car- 
penter, 1827 or 1828 till 1852; Dr. John P. 
Warren, 1842-44; Dr. Algernon Sidney Car- 
penter, 1841 ; Dr. John O. French, about ten 
years, from 1844 or 1845 ; Dr. John F. But- 
ler, 1854 to the present time; Dr. Daniel F. 
Randall, 1855 to the present time ; Dr. Willie 
G. Cain, August, 1884, to the present time. 

Dr. George Farrington died in Chesterfield 
July 29, 1816, aged forty-seven years. The fol- 
lowing epitaph is inscribed on his gravestone 
in the old town burying-ground at the Centre 

village : 

" Here lies beneath this monument 
The dear remains of one who spent 

His days and years in doing good ; 
Gave ease to those oppress'd with pain ; 
Restor'd the sick to Health again, 

And purifi'd their wasting blood. 
He was respected wbile on Eartb 
By all who knew his real worth 
In practice and superior skill. 
The means he us'd were truly blest — 
His wondrous cures do well attest. 

Who can his vacant mansion fill ? 
Borne on some shining cherub's wing 
To his grand master, God and King, 

To the grand lodge in Heaven above, 
Where angels smile to see him join 
His brethren in that lodge Divine, "* 
Where all is harmony and love." 
Dr. John F. Butler is the son of Jonathan and 
Martha (Russell) Butler, of Marlow, and was born 
June 14, 1831 ; graduated at the Harvard Med- 
ical School March, 1854, and came to Chester- 
field the next April. In the spring of 1864 he 
joined the Thirty-ninth Regiment Massachusetts 
Volunteers as assistant surgeon, and served till 
the war closed, when he returned to Chesterfield. 
He married, in 1857, Julia, daughter of Rev. 
Silas Quimby, of Lebanon, and who died August 
19, 1861. In 1863 he married Celia A., daugh- 
*\ter of John L. Brewster, of Lowell, Mass. 

Dr. Daniel F. Randall has resided in Ches- 
terfield since 1855, engaged in the practice of 
his profession. He was born May 24, 1829, 
and is the son of Menzias R. Randall, M.D., a 
veteran physician of Rehoboth, Mass. He 
graduated at the medical school in Woodstock, 
Vt.j in 1852, and settled in this town in 1855, 
where he has ever since resided. He married 
Miss Amelia C. French, of Berkley, Mass. 

Lawyers. — Hon. Phineas Handerson was 
probably the first lawyer who practiced his pro- 
fession in Chesterfield. His office was at the 
Centre village, where he resided from 1805 or 
1806 till 1833, when he removed to Keene. (See 
Biographical Notices.) 

Hon. Larkin G. Mead, who read law with 
Mr. Handerson, also practiced in this town till 
1839, when he removed to Brattleborough, Vt. 
(See Biographical Notices.) 

Charles C. Webster, Esq., late of Keene, 
practiced law in Chesterfield from July, 1839, 
to January, 1846. 

Hon. Harvey Carlton, now of Winchester, 
engaged in the practice of law in this town 
from 1841 to 1854. 

Allen P. Dudley, Esq., now of San Fran- 
cisco, Cal., practiced law in Chesterfield a while 
previous to 1855, about which time he removed 
to California. 

William L. Dudley, Esq., commenced the 
practice of law in this town in 1846, but re- 
moved to California in 1849, and resides at 
present in Stockton, engaged in the practice of 
his profession. 

Spafford's Lake as a Summer Resort. — 
A brief description of Spafford's Lake has been 
given in another place. Though it had been 
for many years a favorite resort for local fisher- 
men and the students of the academy, and had 
occasionally been visited by pleasure-seekers 
from abroad, it was not till within the past 
twelve years that any measures were taken to 
establish a hotel, boat-house, cottages, etc., for 
the accommodation of persons who desire to with- 
draw from the noise and tumult of the " mad- 



ding crowd," and spend a few weeks in the 
quietness of the country. 
It is true that 

" Old Captain Bulky, 'a sailor by trade, 
Who round the world many voyages had made," 

had a sail-boat on this lake many years ago ; as 
did afterwards Ezekiel P. Pierce, Si\, whose 
boat, sometimes manned by an experienced sea- 
man, was used more or less by sailing-parties 
for several years. Pierce's Island, too, has been 
for a long time a resort for students and others 
who desire to enjoy camp-life for a few days at 
a time. Nevertheless, as stated above, it was 
not till within the past twelve years that people 
have resorted to the lake in large numbers 
(excepting, perhaps, a few instances) for recrea- 
tion and diversion, and for the holding of 
religious, and even political meetings. 

In 1873 the Prospect House, as mentioned 
in another place, was built by John W. Herrick, 
of Keeue, and was designed for the accommoda- 
tion of persons who might come to the lake 
seeking health or pleasure. 

The boat-house, on the southern shore of the 
lake, was finished in 1875. Near it are a skat- 
ing-rink, dining-hall, lodging-house, etc., now 
managed by Frank H. Farr, as is also the boat- 

On the southern and western shores are pretty 
extensive picnic-grounds. On the one west of 
the lake Lucius Thatcher has a large stable for 
horses, a lodging-house, restaurant and skating- 

A number of individuals have also erected 
private cottages near the lake, which are occu- 
pied most of the time during the hot season. 

The little steamer " Enterprise," the con- 
struction of which was mainly due to the efforts 
of John W. AYhite, was finished in 1876. 
•■ Eer model was drafted by I). J. Lawlor, of 
East Boston, Mass. Her length is In feet, 
breadth of beam 15 feet, depth id' hold 4 feet, 

1 "Captain Bulky" was the sobriquet of Captain . 

who is said to have put the first Bail-boat on the lake. 

draft 28 inches, diameter of propeller- wheel 32 
inches. Her engine is of 8 horse-power, boiler 
of 12 horse-power. Her carrying capacity is 
about 125 persons, though upon occasion as 
many as 150 have been on board at a single 

Xo serious accident has occurred on or about 
the lake since it has become popular as a resort, 
except the drowning of the musicians Conly 
and Reitzel. 

In the afternoon of Friday, the 26th day of 
May, 1882, George A. Conly, basso, and Her- 
man Reitzel, pianist, of Clara Louise Kell6gg's 
concert company, were drowned in the lake 
while rowing for pleasure. These gentlemen, 
with others, came over from Brattleborough, 
where the company had an engagement to give a 
concert in the evening of the next day. Having 
procured a boat at F. H. Farr's boat-house, 
Conly and Reitzel started out, leaving tin 1 rest 
of the party on land, and were last seen by the 
latter off' the northern point of the island. Xot 
having returned at the proper time, fears were 
entertained for their safety, as a strong southerly 
wind was blowing, and the waves were running 
pretty high. Search was consequently made 
for them, and their boat found bottom upwards ; 
but not till the next day was unmistakable evi- 
dence obtained that they had been drowned. 
Vigorous efforts were then made to recover the 
bodies of the unfortunate men, by dredging, by 
firing a cannon, by exploding dynamite car- 
tridges in the lake and by the employment of 
various other devices. 

The bodies were not found, however, till they 
rose, Reitzel's being discovered floating Wed- 
nesday forenoon, the 7th day of the follow- 
ing June, and Conly's Wednesday morning, the 
14th day of the same month. The latter was 
without coat or shoes, and had evidently made 
a desperate effort to save his own and, perhaps, 
his companion's life. The place of the disaster 
seems to have been about sixty rods northeast 
of the northern point of the island. 

Mr. Conly was a native of Southwark, now 



part of Philadelphia, and was thirty- seven 
years old ; Mr. Reitzel was a native of New 
York, and was only nineteen years old. 

Aged Persons. — The following is proba- 
bly an incomplete list of the persons who have 
died in Chesterfield at an age of ninety years or 

more : 

Mrs. Mary Hamilton, December 16, 1842, aged 

Mrs. Lydia Cheney, April 4, 1859, aged ninety. 

Mrs. Orpha Presho, April 17, 1856, aged ninety. 

Thomas Dunham, March 20, 1870, aged ninety. 

Mrs. Sarah Johnson, December 31, 1837, aged 

Mrs. Sally Hinds, August 24, 1864, aged ninety. 

Asa Fullam, December 14, 1870, aged ninety. 

Mrs. Persis Dudley, January 13, 1885, aged ninety. 

Mrs. Judith Tyler, August 11, 1854, aged ninety- 

Elisha Rockwood, February 13, 1832, aged ninety- 

Mrs. Betsey Smith, January 26, 1863, aged ninety - 

Mrs. Sophia Day, November 11, 1883, aged ninety- 

Mrs. Grata Thomas, August 5, 1884, aged ninety- 

Samuel Hamilton, October 19, 1878, aged ninety- 

Jonathan Cressy, April 26, 1824, aged ninety- 

Mrs. Polly Spaulding, February 22, 1885, aged 
ninety-one (very nearly). 

Mrs. Mary Putnam, January 30, 1830, aged ninety- 

Stephen Streeter, Sr., March 11, 1845, aged ninety- 

William Clark, Sr., February 19, 1849, aged ninety- 

Amos Crouch, August 18, 1861, aged ninety-two. 

Mrs. Submit Sanderson, June 27, 1822, aged ninety- 

Ebenezer Robertson, April 22, 1882, aged ninety- 

Nathaniel Bacon, September 10, 1823, aged ninety- 

Mrs. Mary Titus, May 7, 1845, aged ninety-five. 

Mrs. Clarissa Norcross, May 30, 1877, aged ninety- 

Mrs. Rachel Jackson, March 12, 1836, aged ninety- 

Timothy Ladd, August 30, 1834, aged ninety-six. 

John Butler, September 10, 1883, aged ninety- 

Mrs. Esther Faulkner, ^November 29, 1876, aged 
one hundred and one years, one month, seven days. 

Mrs. Sarah Draper, December 19, 1863, aged one 
hundred and one years, five months, sixteen days. 

Mrs. Hannah Bailey, November, 1822, aged one hun- 
dred and four years, three months. 

The oldest person now living in the town is 
Mrs. Sophronia (Mann) Pierce, born in Smith- 
field, R. I., June 14, 1785. 

Civil List. — 


Ephraim Baldwin, 1770 to 1784. 

Jacob Amidon, 1785 to 1799. 

Solomon Harvey. 1800 to 1817. 

Abraham Wood, Jr., 1818 to 1833. 

George H. Fitch, 1834 to 1835. 

Oscar Coolidge, 1836 to 1838. 

Nelson W. Herrick, 1839 to 1842. 

Warham R. Platte, 1843 to 1844. 

Sumner Warren, 1845. 

Harvey Carpenter, Ls46 to 1848. 

John O. French, 1849 to 1852. 

Henry O. Coolidge, 1853. 

Arza K. Clark, 1854. 

Henry O. Coolidge, 1855 to 1867. 

Hermon C. Harvey, 1868. 

Henry O. Coolidge, 1869. 

Hermon C. Harvey, 1870 to 1873. 

Murray Davis, 1874 to 1875. 

Edward P. F. Dearborn, 1876. 

Hermon C. Harvey, 1877 to 1882. 

James H. Goodrich (2d), 1883 to the present time. 


1767. — Simon Davis, John Snow, Jonathan Hil- 
dreth, Eleazer Cobleigh, Ebenezer Davison. 

1768-69.— No record. 

1770. — Jonathan Hildreth, Silas Thompson, Elka- 
nah Day, Thomas Emmons, Nathaniel Bingham. 

1771. — Moses Smith, David Stoddard, Timothy 

1772.— Same as in 1771. 

1773.— Zerubbabel Snow, Ephraim Baldwin, Mar- 
tin Warner. 

1774. — Same as in 1773. 

1775. — Nathaniel Bingham, Ephraim Hubbard, 
Stephen Carter, Moses Smith, Jr., John Davison. 

1776. — Ephraim Baldwin, Michael Cressey, Sam- 
uel Hildreth, Moses Smith, Jr., Ephraim Hubbard. 



1777. — Samuel Fairbanks, Elisha Rockwood, James 
Robertson, Nathaniel Bingham, Jonathan Farr (2d). 

1778. — Samuel Hildreth, Moses Smith, Abner 
Johnson, Kimball Carlton, Jacob Hinds. 

1779. — Jonathan Hildreth, Oliver Cobleigh, War- 
ren Snow. 

1780. — Michael Cressey, Elisha Rockwood, Andrew 

1781. — Moses Smith, Jr., Abner Johnson, Samuel 
King [Jr.]. 

1782. — Samuel King [Jr.], Jonas Fairbanks, Ab- 
ner Johnson, Moses Smith, Eleazer Jackson. 

1783. — Ebenezer Harvey, Eleazer Pomeroy, Elea- 
zer Jackson, Captain Davis, Lieutenant 


1784. — Benjamin Haskell, Peter Stone, Amos Hub- 

1785. — Paul Eager, Jacob Amidon, Reuben Graves. 

1786.— Martin Warner, William Hildreth, Ezra 

1787. — Eleazer Jackson, Michael Cressey, Benja- 
min Haskell. 

1788. — Eleazer Jackson, Benjamin Haskell, Silas 

1789. — Moses Smith, Abner Johnson, Solomon 

1790.— Same as in 1789. 

1791.— Same as in 1789. 

1792. — Solomon Harvey, John Braley, James 

1793. — Eleazer Jackson, Peter Stone, Silas Rich- 

1794.— Same aa in 1793. 

1795. — Eleazer Jackson, Silas Richardson, Asahel 

1796. — Eleazer Jackson, Silas Richardson, David 

1797. — Michael Cressey, Jacob Amidon, Abraham 

1798. — Joseph Atherton, Benjamin Haskell, Oliver 

1799.— Same as in 1798. 

1800. — Eleazer Jackson, James Wheeler, Asahel 

1801. — James Wheeler, Asahel Shurtleff, Joseph 

1802. — Martin Pomeroy, Joseph Pattridge, John 

1803. — Joseph Pattridge, John Day, Ebenezer Har- 

1804. — John Day, Ebenezer Harvey, Jr., Wilkes 

1805.— Same as in 1804. 

1806. — John Kneeland, Abraham Stearns, Josiah 
Hastings, Jr. 

1807.— Same as in 1806. 

1808. — John Kneeland, John Putnam, Amasa 

1809. — John Putnam, Joseph Atherton, Benjamin 

1810. — John Kneeland, Amasa Makepeace, Josiah 

1811. — Joseph Atherton, Oliver Brown, Phineas 

1812. — John Kneeland, Oliver Brown, Levi Jack- 

1813.— Same as in 1812. 

1814.— Same as in 1812. 

1815. — John Kneeland, Elijah Scott, Asa Fullani. 

1816. — John Kneeland, Joseph Pattridge, Elijah 

1817. — Joseph Pattridge, Benjamin Cook, John 

1818. — Benjamin Cook, John Day, Robert L. Hurd. 

1819.— Same as in 1818. 

1820. — John Kneeland, John Putnam, Robert L. 

1821. — John Kneeland, .John Putnam, Nathan 

1822.— John Kneeland, Nathan Wild, Nathaniel 

1823.— Same as in 1822. 

1824.— Same as in 1822. 

1825.— Same as in 1822. 

1826. — John Kneeland, John Putnam, Orlo Rich- 

1827. — Orlo Richardson, Ezekiel P. Pierce, Na- 
thaniel Walton. 

1828. — Orlo Richardson, Otis Amidon, Nathaniel 

1829. — Nathaniel Walton, Otis Amidon, Abishai 

1830. — Otis Amidon, Abishai Wetherbee, John 

1831. — John Harris, Otis Amidon, Joseph Holden. 

1832. — Joseph Holden, Moses Dudley, John Har- 

1833. — Moses Dudley, Joseph Holden, Charles Con- 

1834. — Nathaniel Walton, Charles Converse, Orlo 

1835.— Orlo Richardson, Charles Converse, Moses 

1836. — Ezra Titus, Asa Marsh, Samuel Goodrich. 

1837. — Samuel Goodrich, Chandler A. Cressey, Al- 
pheus Snow. 



1838. — Ara Hamilton, Chandler A. Cressey, Al- 
pheus Snow. 

1839. — Alpheus Snow, Reuben Marsh, Ara Hamil- 

1840. — Ara Hamilton, Oscar Coolidge, Mark Cook. 

1841.— Same as in 1840. 

1842.— Sam'l Goodrich, Reuben Marsh, N. Walton. 

1843. — Ara Hamilton, Reuben Marsh, Nathaniel 

1844. — Nathaniel Walton, Reuben Marsh, Samuel 
Burt, Jr. 

1845. — Ara Hamilton, Alpheus Snow, Parker D. 

1846. — Nathaniel Walton, Parker D. Cressey, Jo- 
seph C. Goodrich. 

1847. — Ezra Titus, Parker D. Cressey, Richard 
Hopkins, Jr. 

1848.— Samuel Burt, Jr., Warham R. Platts, Otis 

1849. — Alpheus Snow, Moses Dudley, Arad Fletcher. 

1850. — Chandler A. Cressey, Oscar Coolidge, Ben- 
jamin Pierce. 

1851. — Warham R. Platts, John M. Richardson, 
Sumner Albee. 

1852. — Joseph C. Goodrich, Arza K. Clark, George 

1853. — Arza K. Clark, Alpheus Snow, Joseph C. 

1854. — James H. Goodrich, Reuben Porter, Asa 

1855. — Ebenezer P. Wetherell, Olney Goff, Ransom 

1856. — Arad Fletcher, John Heywood, John M. 

1857.— Same as in 1856. 

1858.— Arad Fletcher, Richard H. Hopkins, Wil- 
liam Clark. 

1859.— Same as in 1858. 

I860.— Rodney Fletcher, Henry O. Coolidge, Tru- 
man A. Stoddard. 

1861.— Same as in 1860. 

1862.— Rodney Fletcher, Charles C. P. Goodrich, 
George Goodrich. 

1863.— David W. Beckley, Arza K. Clark, Charles 
C. P. Goodrich. 

1864.— Same as in 1863. 

1865.— David W. Beckley, Henry O. Coolidge, Levi 
L. Colburn. 

1866. — Same as in 1865. 

1867.— Henry O. Coolidge, Eli R. Wellington, 
Frederick L. Stone. 

1868. — Samuel J. Pattridge, George Goodrich, John 
W. Davis. 

1869. — George Goodrich, John W. Davis, James 
H. Goodrich. 

1870. — James H. Goodrich, John B. Fisk, Murray 

1871. — George Goodrich, James H. Goodrich, Mur- 
ray Davis. 

1872. — Murray Davis, James H. Goodrich, Amos 
R, Hubbard. 

1873. — Murray Davis, Amos R. Hubbard, George 
S. Fletcher. 

1874. — James H. Goodrich (2d), George S. Fletcher, 
John W. Davis. 

1875. — James H. Goodrich (2d), John L. Streeter, 
George S. Fletcher. 

1876.— John L. Streeter, Amos R. Hubbard, Wil- 
liam Atherton. 

1877. — William Atherton, John L. Streeter, George 

1878. — William Atherton, Murray Davis, George 

1879. — Murray Davis, George Goodrich, David 

1880.— Same as in 1879. 

1881. — Murray Davis, Larkin D. Farr, David Hol- 

1882.— Same as in 1881. 

1883.— Same as in 1881. 

1884. — Larkin D. Farr, Hazelton Rice, David Hol- 

1885.— Larkin D. Farr, Warren H. Butler, William 

GENERAL COURT (1775-1885). 

1775. Archb. Robertson. 

1776. Michael Cressey. 

1777. Michael Cressey. 

1778. Michael Cressey. 

1779. Nath. Bingham. 

1780. None chosen. 

1781. No representative 
in the New Hampshire 
Legislature, but Saml. 
King, Jr., and Silas 
Thompson represented 
the town in the Ver- 
mont Assembly. 

1782. Samuel King [Jr.]. 

1783. Samuel King [Jr.]. 

1784. Samuel King [Jr.]. 

1785. Ebenezer Harvey. 

1786. Moses Smith. 

1787. Moses Smith. 

1788. Moses Smith. 

1789. Benjamin Haskell. 

1790. Moses Smith. 

1791. Moses Smith. 

1792. Eleazer Jackson. 

1793. Eleazer Jackson. 

1794. Simon Willard. 

1795. Simon Willard. 

1796. Simon Willard. 

1797. Eleazer Jackson. 

1798. Simon Willard. 

1799. Benjamin Haskell. 

1800. Benjamin Haskell. 

1801. Simon Willard. 

1802. Simon Willard. 

1803. Simon Willard. 

1804. Simon Willard. 

1805. Simon Willard. 

1806. Simon Willard. 

1807. Simon Willard. 

1808. Levi Jackson. 

1809. Levi Jackson. 

1810. Levi Jackson. 




Levi Jackson. 



l'h in. Handerson. 


Tliin. Handerson. 


L81 I. 

Benjamin ( look. 


1 ten jam in Cook. 


Phin. Handerson. 



Benjamin i look. 
John Putnam. 



John Putnam. 
Joseph Atherton. 



John Putnam. 

1 85 1 . 

John Kneeland. 



John Kneeland, 

Benjamin Cook. 



John Kneeland. 



Levi Jackson. 



John Kneeland. 



Ehenezer Stearns. 

is:, ;. 


Ehenezer Stearns. 



John Kneeland. 



John Putnam. 



Ezekiel P. Pierce. 



( )rlo RichardsOn. 



Orlo Richardson. 



None chosen. 



Nathan Wild. 



Nathan Wild. 



Otis Amnion. 



Otis Amnion. 



Otis Amidon. 



Charles Converse. 



Charles Converse. 



Otis Amidon. 



Thomas Hardy. 



( (scar Coolidge. 


Ara Hamilton. 



Oscar Coolidge. 


Ara Hamilton. 



Jay Jackson. 


Edwin Sargent. 



Ara Hamilton. 



Jay Jackson. 


Nathaniel Walton. 


Ara Hamilton. 
John Pierce. 
Nathaniel Walton. 
Saml. J. Pattridge. 
None chosen. 
Harvey Carpenter. 
AJpheus Snow. 
John Harris. 
John Harris. 
I >a\ id Hay. 
David Hay. 
1 larvey ( 'arlton. 
Saml. J. Pattridge. 
Jos. ('. ( roodrich. 
Jos. C. ( roodrich. 
Ara Hamilton. 
( his Amidon. 
Barton Skinner. 
Barton Skinner. 
A rad Fletcher. 
Arad Fletcher. 
J. M. Richardson. 
J. M. Richardson. 
C. C. P. Goodrich. 
C. C. P. Goodrich. 
Rich. II. Hopkins. 
Rich. H. Hopkins. 
Henry < >. t loolidge. 
.las. 11. < roodrich. 
.las. 1 1. ( toodrich. 
Warren Bingham. 
( reorge Goodrich. 
C. C. P. Goodrich. 
• rordis D. Harris. 
John F. Butler. 
John F. Butler. 
John Harris. 
John Harris. 

< >ran E. Randall. 

< )ran E. Randall. 
Murray Ha vis. 
John L. Streeter. 
W. A. Pattridge. 


[n 1791, Eleazer Jackson ; in L850, Ara Hamilton 
and Moses Dudley ; in L876, Jay Jackson. 

Dr. Solomon Harvey was the delegate from Ches- 
terfield to the convention that adopted the Federal 

Constitution in 1788. 


Eleazer Randall, James 11. Goodrich, Russell H. 
Davis, chosen November, 1878. 

John L. Streeter, Richard A. Webher, William 
Atherton, chosen November, 1880. 

Rodney Fletcher, John L. Streeter, Richard A. 
Webber, chosen November, 1882. 

Charles C. P. Goodrich, Amos R. Hubbard, Her- 
schel J. Fowler, chosen November, 1884. 


Levi Jackson, 1812, '13, '14, '15. 
Phineas Handerson, 1816, '17, '25, '31, '32. 
Nathan Wild, 1833, '34. 
Murray Davis, 1885. 

Levi Jackson was also a member of the Council in 
1816, '17. 


Jacob Amidon, Lorn in Mendon, Mass., in 
17").') or 1754, was in college at the time of the 
commencement of the Revolution, but soon en- 
listed in the patriot army, and served during the 

most of the war, with the exception of twenty- 
eight months, during which time he was detained 
a prisoner on a British prison-ship. 

December 23, 1782, he purchased in Chester- 
field a portion of lot No. 5, in the eighth ranee, 
and probably settled in the town soon after- 
wards. He resided near the ( 'entre village, on 
the farm afterwards owned and occupied many 
years by his son Otis, and bnilt the house now 
owned by the Methodist Society of Chesterfield, 
and used as a parsonage. He probably engaged 
in trade for a while after coming to ( Ihesterfield, 
as lie was styled, in the deed of the land he had 
purchased in this town, a "trader." In L785 
he was chosen clerk of the town, and held the 
office, by successive elections, till L800. He 
was also selectman in 1785 and 17!»7. 

His wife was Esther, daughter of Timothy 
Ladd. She died March 26, 1852, in her 
ninetieth year. He died February 11, 1839, 
aged eighty-five years. 

Otis Amidon, son of Jacob Amidon, bom 
April 26, 1794, settled in Chesterfield, after his 
marriage, on the old homestead, and continued 
to reside here as long as he lived, engaging to 
some extent in agriculture, and, for a while, in 
trade at the Centre village. For many years 
he took a prominent part in the affairs of the 



town and church, serving the former in the 
capacity of selectman in 1828, '29, '30 and '31, 
and representing it in the General Court in 
1833, '34, '35, '38 and '56. For a long time, 
also, he held the office of justice of the peace, 
the duties of which he was well qualified to 
perform, and was one of the veteran " 'Squires " 
of the town. 

He married, in 1825, -Nancy, daughter of 
Benjamin Cook, and had only one son that 
lived to adult age — Hon. Charles J. Amidon, 
now of Hinsdale. He died July 22, 1866. 

Joseph Atherton, son of Oliver Atherton, of 
Harvard, Mass., and a descendant of James 
Atherton, of Milton, Mass., was born August 
15, 1750. He married, in 1771, Hannah 
Farnsworth, of Groton, Mass. June 28, 1794, 
he purchased, in Chesterfield, lots Nos. 11 and 
12, in the fourth range, and soon after settled 
on one of them. The hill on which he lived, 
and on which he built a large dwelling, is now 
called " Atherton Hill." He was selectman in 
1798, V9, 1809, '11, and representative in 1817. 
He died April 4, 1839, "honored and respected 
by his neighbors and townsmen." 

Dr. Oliver Baker, son of Dr. Oliver Baker, 
born in Plainfield August 16, 1788, studied 
medicine in the Medical Department of Dart- 
mouth College, under Dr. Nathan Smith. In 
1809 he settled in Chesterfield, Avhere he prac- 
tised his profession till 1840. He then removed 
to West Hartford, Vt., where he remained about 
two years. He afterwards practiced in Plain- 
field, and in Windsor, Vt. He died at his 
daughter's home, in Plainfield, July 4, 1865. 

Ephraim Baldwin was in Chesterfield in 
1763, in which year he bought land in this town. 
He was town clerk from 1770 to 1785, and 
selectman in 1773, '74, '76. He was also, for 
some time, justice of the peace. His name ap- 
pears for the last time on the tax-lists for 1790. 
(For an account of his citation before the New 
Hampshire Assembly, for alleged Toryism, see 
under "War of the Revolution). 

Nathaniel Bingham appears to have settled 

in Chesterfield as early as 1767. In the deed 
of the land purchased by him in this town he 
was styled a "cooper." He lived on Wetherbee 
Hill, a short distance north of the Centre 
village. He was selectman in 1770, '75 and 
'77 ; representative in 1779. (For an account 
of his arrest and imprisonment by A'ermont 
officers, etc., see under "Controversy about the 
New Hampshire Grants "). He died April 26, 
1802, in his seventy seventh year. 

Asa BRiTToN,born in Raynham, Mass., April 
30, 1763, settled in Chesterfield in 1790 or 1 791, 
near Spafford's Lake. From this farm Mr. 
Britton removed to Chesterfield village about 
the year 1.S05, where for many years he was an 
active, energetic business man, merchant, sheriff, 
farmer, postmaster and justice of the peace. 
His business career was a successful one, and 
he acquired what in the country, in those early 
days, was considered a large property, which he 
enjoyed, and bestowed freely upon others, until 
past middle age. Soon after the year 1815 he 
met with business reverses, caused by the ab- 
sconding of two successive partners. Old Mrs. 
Britton, in after-days, used to tell with much 
gusto a story connected with this fact. Mr. 
Britton, or " Esquire Britton," as he was called, 
was a tall, large man, weighing, perhaps, two 
hundred pounds, and his success, of course, 
made him enemies as well as friends. On the 
occasion of the decamping of the second of his 
partners, while the village was ringing with the 
news of the gutted store and money-box, a 
party of gamins, instigated by the enemy, set 
the church-bell also ringing, and above the noise 
and confusion of the crowd, which the sound of 
the bell at that unusual hour had collected, was 
heard the cry, ever louder and louder, " Great 
Britton has fallen ! Great Britton has fallen ! " 
Mr. Britton died in Chesterfield, June 30, 1*49. 

Capt. William S. Brooks, born in Med- 
ford, Mass., March 5, 1781, Avcnt on a voyage 
at sea with his uncle at the age of nine years. 
He was in France during the French Revolu- 
tion, and also at the time Napoleon the First 



was at the height of his power. Once, when 
in the Cove of Cork, he was pressed into 
the English navy, and served six months in the 
royal frig-ate " Diamond." At another time, . 
while cruising in the English Channel, he was 
captured twice in one day — first by the Eng- 
lish and then by the French. By the latter lie 
was retained in prison six months, a part of 
which time was occupied in making sails for 
French ships. On his return from France, 
President John Adams appointed him a lieuten- 
ant in the navy, which office he declined. He 
was engaged for some time in commerce, as com- 
mander of a merchant-vessel^ at a period when 
the American Hag did not always command of 
foreign nations the respect that it now docs, and 
many were the adventures and " hair-breadth 
'scapes" that he used to relate in the later 
years of his life. 

On retiring from the sea, he settled at Cam- 
bridge, Mass., where lie was postmaster four 
years. In August, 1821, he came to Chester- 
field, and engaged in the manufacture of cotton 
goods at Factory village, in which business he 
continued till 1850. In 1839, however, he 
removed to Brattleborough, but still retained his 
connection with the factory. He married, in 
1807, Eleanor Forman, of Middletown, N. J. 
He died in Brattleborough, Vt., April, 18()o. 

CHARLES ( JoNVERSE, son of Joseph Converse, 
and a descendant of Deacon Edward ('(in- 
verse, of Charlestown, Mass., was born Decem- 
ber 30, 1 788. He spent the most of his life in 
< Ihesterfield, engaged in farming. For many 
years he was a justice of the peace, and held 
the office of select man in 1833-35. He was 
also representative in the General Court in 
1836-37. He died September 18, 1858. 

()scai; Com. 1 1 H.i-;, son of Abraham Coolidge, 
of Marlborough, horn July L>:2, 17i>8, settled 
in Chesterfield about 1824. He married, in 
1824, Lovina Rockwood, of Fitzwilliam. F\>r 
a period of about eleven years (till 1835) he 
was engaged in trade at the West village. 
He then removed to the Centre village, where 

he continued in the same business till his death, 
with the exception of one year, when he was in 
trade at Factory village. He also took an 
active part in the affairs of the town, and was 
selectman in 1810, 1841 and 1850; town clerk, 
1836-38 ; representative, 1840 and 1841. He 
died March 4, 1862, having survived his wife 
but a few hours. 

His son, Henry O. Coolidge, resided many 
years in Chesterfield, but removed to Keene in 
1869. He is cashier of the Ashuelot National 
Bank, of that city, and register of Probate for 
Cheshire County. 

Amos Crouch, born in 1769, son of John 
Crouch, of Boxborough, Mass., afterwards of 
Chesterfield, settled in this town in 1802 or 
1803. In his youth lie had no opportunity to 
attend school ; nevertheless, he learned to read 
and to write his name. In his early manhood 
he had to contend with poverty and adversity, 
but by hard labor and exteme prudence suc- 
ceeded in gaining some property. lie was 
noted for his promptness in paying his debts, and 
with him " the ' first ' of the month was always 
the first day." A strict observer of the Sab- 
bath himself, he brought up his children to 
attend church, and would not allow them to 
play or visit on that day. He was married 
three times. He died August 18, 18(11. 

John Darling, from Winchendon, Mass., 
appears to have settled in Chesterfield in 1778, 
in which year he bought land here. 

Fie was one of the party that made the 
famous march to Quebec in 177o, under com- 
mand of Benedict Arnold, through the wilder- 
ness of Maine. On this march the men suffered 
extremely from cold and hunger. -John used to 
relate that, having one day found the leg of a 
dog that had been killed for food, he scorched 
off the hair and ate evevy morsel of flesh and 
skin that he could gel from it. He declared 
thai be never ate anything in his life that tasted 
better! At one time, while in the army, he 
came near dying of small-pox. He probably 
settled in Chesterfield soon afcer buying his land 



he and his wife (according to a tradition in the 
family) coming from Winchendon on foot. His 
first wife (Sarah Blood, of Groton, Mass.) died 
in 1804. He afterwards married twice. He 
was an active, enterprising man, and at one time 
owned an extensive tract of timber-land in the 
" Winchester woods," from which he cut large 
quantities of lumber, sawing it in a mill erected 
for that purpose, then drawing it to the Con- 
necticut and rafting it down to Hartford. He 
died March 28, 1824, in his seventy-third year. 

Samuel Davis settled in Chesterfield as 
early as 1766. There are reasons for believing 
that he was the son of Samuel Davis, of Lunen- 
burgh, Mass., who was probably one of the 
grantees of Chesterfield. He owned much land 
in Chesterfield at different times, having pos- 
session, at one time, of a part of the " Governor's 
farm." (For the part that he took in the con- 
troversy about the "New Hampshire Grants," 
and for an account of his attempt to break up 
the Inferior Court at Keene, see under " Con- 
troversy about the New Hampshire Grants"). 

He appears to have removed from this town 
about 1790. 

Samuel Fairbanks was in Chesterfield in 

1776, which year he signed the "Association 

He was one of the town Committee of Safety, 
and appears to have been one of the most zealous 
patriots in the town. He was also selectman in 

1777. In his will, made August 9, 1787, and 
proved June 16, 1790, he bequeathed all his 
property to his wife, for the support of his 
children, and named his son Zenas sole executor. 
He died April 14, 1790, in his seventy-first 

Marsh all H. Fare, son of Ora Farr, born 
in Chesterfield January 16, 1817, was a car- 
penter by trade, and resided in Chesterfield till 
1854, when he removed to Canada West 
(Ontario), where he engaged extensively in the 
construction of railway and other buildings. 
March 12, 1857, the train on which he was 
riding was precipitated into the Des Jardins 

bridge, near 

Canal by the breaking of a 

Hamilton, P. 0., and he received injuries that 

caused his death in a few hours. 

Dennie W. Farr, son of Worcester and 
Abial (Kueelaud) Farr, born in Chesterfield 
January 7, 1840, was serving as a clerk in a 
store in Brattleborough, Vt., when the Civil War 
broke out. He soon enlisted in the Fourth 
Eegiment of Vermont Volunteer Infantry, and 
was commissioned second lieutenant. August 
13, 1862, he was commissioned captain of 
Company C, in the same regiment, in which 
capacity he served with honor. At the battle 
of the Wilderness, Va., May 5, 1864, he was 
killed by a shot that struck him in the head. 

Thomas Fisk, born 1774, son of John Fisk, 
of Framingham, Mass., and a descendant of 
Nathaniel Fisk, who came from England, came 
to Chesterfield in 1807, and settled on the farm 
now owned and occupied by his son, John B. 
Fisk, Esq., building the large house in which 
the latter now lives. When about two years 
old he had an attack of scarlet fever, which 
caused him to be deaf and, consequently, dumb. 
He learned, nevertheless, to read, and to cipher 
in the four fundamental rules of arithmetic. At 
the age of fifty years he was admitted to the 
school for deaf-mutes, at Hartford, Conn., for 
the term of one year. He made rapid progress, 
and acquired knowledge that was of great use 
to him during the remaining years of his life. 
His wife was Lucinda Trowbridge, of Pom fret, 
Conn. He died July 25, 1861. 

Samuel Goodrich, born in Fitchburg, Mass., 
September 6, 1788, settled in Chesterfield 
in 1813, on the farm now owned and oc- 
cupied by Willard Henry, and where he con- 
tinued to reside till his death. He was a man 
of great industry and perseverance, and his life 
was one of ceaseless activity. Though not an 
extensive farmer, in comparison with some, he 
was nevertheless a successful one ; and his suc- 
cess in this respect is a fine illustration (if what 
intelligent and well-directed effort can accom- 
plish in overcoming natural obstacles. 



His wife was Hannah Cain, of Weymouth, 
Mass. In 1836, '37 and '-12 he held the office 
of selectman. He died January 1, 1877. 

Da vin W.Goodrich, from Gill, Mass., settled 
in Chesterfield about 1810. He was a cloth- 
dresser by trade, and had a mill on Catsbane 
Brook, at the West village. After following 
his trade for sonic years, he engaged in fanning. 
His wife was Salome, daughter of Benjamin 
Wheeler. He died at the "Kneeland place" 
(now owned and occupied by his son, Charles 
C. P. Goodrich, Esq.), March 22, 1857. 

William Haile, son of John and Eunice 
(Henry) Haile, was born in Putney, Vt., May, 
1807. At the age of about fourteen years he 
came to this town with his parents, but was 
soon afterwards taken into the family of Ezekiel 
P. Pierce, St., with whom he lived till he was 
about twenty-one years old. Having attended 
school about two years, he entered, in 1823, Mr. 
Pierce's store as a clerk, in 1827 or 1828 he 
borrowed a small sum of money and opened a 
store on his own account at the Centre village. 
With characteristic sagacity, he soon foresaw, 
however, that Hinsdale was destined to become 
a busy and thriving town on account of the 
abundance of power furnished by the Ashuelot 
River. He therefore, in 1834 or 1835, re- 
moved to that town , where he continued to en- 
gage in mercantile pursuits until 1846, when he 
became interested in the lumber business. In 
is 19 he began, as a member of the firm of 
Haile & Todd, the manufacture of cashmerettes. 
Afterwards the name of the firm was changed to 
that of Haile, Frost & Co., by which name 
it is known at present. 

Though extensively engaged in business, Mr. 
Haile took a prominent part in political affairs. 
With the exception of two years, he represented 
Hinsdale in the General Court from 1846 to 
1854; was elected to the New Hampshire Sen- 
ate in 1854 and 1x55, of which body he was 
also president the latter year, and was again 
elected representative in 1856. The next year 
he was elected Governor, to which office he was 

re-elected in 1858. In 1873 he removed from 
Hinsdale to Keene, where he had built a fine 
residence. He did not cease, however, to take 
an active part in business till his death, which 
occurred July 22, 1876. Mr. Haile married, in 
1828, Sabrana S., daughter of Arza Walker, of 

Phineas H Anderson, son of Gideon and Abi- 
gail (Church) Handerson, was born in Amherst, 
Mass., December 13, 1778. He was born in 
his grandfather's house, which was torn down, 
when it was more than a hundred years old, to 
make room for the Agricultural College. While 
he was yet an infant his parents removed to 
Claremont, this State, his mother making the 
journey on horseback and carrying him in her 
arms. Having obtained what education the 
common schools of that town afforded, he began 
the study of law in the office of Hon. George B. 
Upham. In 1805 or 1X06 he settled in this 
town, in which he practiced his profession till 
1833. While a resident of Chesterfield he fre- 
quently held town and State offices. In 1811 
he was selectman ; in 1812, 1813 and 1815 he 
represented the town in the General Court ; in 
1816 he was elected State Senator, an office to 
which he was re-elected in 1817, 1825, 1831 
and 1832. He married, 1818, Hannah W., 
daughter of Rev. Samuel Mead, of Walpole. 
She died December 30, 1863. In 1833 he re- 
moved to Keene, where he continued the prac- 
tice of law. At the time of his death, in March, 
1854, he was president of the Cheshire bar. 

The Hakims Family. — The founder of the 
Harris family in Chesterfield wasAbner Harris, 
a probable descendant of Arthur Harris, who 
emigrated from England to America at an early 
period, and was living in Duxbury, Mass., in 
1640. Abner Harris came from Woodstock, 
Conn., and appears to have settled in Chester- 
field in 1777. His will was proved August 23, 

One of his sons was John Harris, who lived 
and died in Chesterfield. John married, in 
1783, Hannah Colburn, of this town, and had a 



family of eleven children, three of whom are 
now living, the youngest being more than eighty 
years old. The eldest of the three, AVilder Har- 
ris, born May 11, 1797, now resides in Brattle- 
borouerh, Vt., but was a resident of this town 
till I860. 

Another son of John Harris and brother of 
Wilder Harris was John Harris, Jr. He was a 
farmer in Chesterfield, and married, in 1808, 
Luna, daughter of Abel Fletcher, of this town. 
He was selectman in 1830-32, and represented 
the town in the Legislature in 1849-50. He 
died February 27, 1856, aged seventy-one 

A third son of John Harris, Sr., was Norman 
Harris. He was engaged a number of years in 
mercantile business and in " packing " in Cali- 
fornia. He died at Bellows Falls, Vt., July 22, 
1875, aged seventy-one years. 

Two other sons of John Harris, Sr., Ezekiel 
and Erastus, were farmers in Chesterfield dur- 
ing the greater part of their lives. Both died 
in Brattleborough in 1859. 

( 'apt. Ebexezer Harvey was of Northfield, 
Mass., in 1758, having come to that town from 
Sunderland. He appears to have removed from 
Northfield to Winchester, and from that town 
to Chesterfield. September 17, 1772, he pur- 
chased of Elkanah Day, of this town, a part of 
house-lots Nos. 5 and 5, in the tenth and 
eleventh ranges. This land was near the com- 
mon at the Centre village, which was mentioned 
in the deed as having been conveyed to the 
town. In June, 1777, he was sentenced by the 
"court of inquiry " at Keene to be confined to 
the limits of his farm and to pay a fine for al- 
leged hostility to the American cause. He 
appears also to have been a zealous partisan of 
Vermont in the controversy about the "New 
Hampshire Grants." He was selectman in 
1783 and 1803 ; representative in 1785. He 
was the first postmaster in Chesterfield com- 
missioned by the United States, holding the 
office from 1802 to 1810. He died in 1810. 

One of his sons, Rufus Harvey, Sr., lived and 

died in Chesterfield. For many years he (Rufus) 
was a deputy sheriff for the county of Cheshire. 

Dr. Solomon Harvey was in Dummerston, 
Vt., in 1773, of which town he was clerk sev- 
eral years. He appears to have settled in Ches- 
terfield in 1775 or 1776, and to have taken an 
active part in the affairs of the town during the 
War of the Revolution. In 1788 he repre- 
sented Chesterfield in the convention that 
adopted the Federal Constitution. He was se- 
lectman in 1789-92; town clerk, 1800-17. 
He probably died in Chesterfield after 1820. 

Benj. Haskell was in Chesterfield in 17 84. 
He appears to have settled on lot No. 12 or 13, 
in the thirteenth range. Justice of the peace; 
selectman, 1784, 1787, 1788, 1798, 1799; rep- 
resentative, 1789, 1799, 1800. Some of his de- 
scendants now live at Ascott, Lower Canada ; 
but whether he himself removed to that town 
has not been ascertained. He removed from 
Chesterfield, however, between 1815 and 1819. 

Eleazkr Jackson, supposed to have been 
a descendant of Edward Jackson, who came 
from London, England, and settled in what is 
now Newton, Mass, as early as 1643, was born 
May 12, 1736 In 1767 he was in Walpole, 
Mass., but afterwards removed to Wrentham, 
and thence, in 1771, to Dudley. He was 
originally a clothier by trade. October 6, 
1778, he took a deed of eighty-two acres of 
land in Chesterfield, upon which he settled. 
This land is a part of the farm on which his 
grandson, Jay Jackson, now resides, and has 
always been, since 177-S, owned by members of 
the Jackson family. He was selectman in 
1782, '83, '87, '88, '93-'96 and 1800; repre- 
sentative in '92, '93, '97. In 1791 he was the 
delegate from Chesterfield to the convention for 
revising the Constitution of the State. He died 
November 11, 1814. His wife was Rachel 
Pond, who died March 12, 1836, at the great 
age of ninety-six years. 

One of his sons, Enoch Jackson, married 
Martha, daughter of Andrew Phillips, and 
lived on the paternal farm till 1837, when he 



removed to Wmhall, Vt., where he died at the 
age of nearly eighty-four years. He was a 
noted pedestrian and seldom made use of a 
horse in performing long journeys. His son, 
.lay Jackson, still resides on the ancestral farm, 
as mentioned above, and is a well-known farmer. 
Lev] Jackson, son of Eleazer Jackson, was 
one of the most intellectual men that Chester- 
Held has ever produced. Of him his nephew, 
day Jackson, writes as follows: 

'• In a history of the town of Chesterfield, justice to 
the memory of Hon. Levi Jackson seems to require 
something more than the bare mention of his name ; 
for probably no one has done more for the honor of 
the town, or to elevate the moral and intellectual 
standard of the community in which he moved. 

" The youthful years of Levi were principally spent 
in company with his father and brothers in clearing 
up and cultivating their new farm ; hut he manifested 
a desire to obtain a better education than the common 
schools of that day were calculated to impart, and told 
his father that he thought he might afford to send one 
of his numerous family of boys to college. Improving 
his meagre common-school privileges, and dividing 
the remainder of his time between his labors upon the 
farm and his fireside studies, with the benefit of a few 
months at the then infant institution of Chesterfield 
Academy, he qualified himself for college, and entered 
Dartmouth in 1797, two years in advance. Graduat- 
ing in 17'.''.", his services were immediately secured by 
the trustees of Chesterfield Academy as preceptor of 
that institution, which position he held for six con- 
secutive years. During this time the academy ac- 
quired an enviable reputation asa literary institution. 
Possessing a fine personal appearance, an unassumed 
dignity and firmness, yet easy and pleasant in his 
manners ami conversation, it was said of him that he 
commanded both the love and the fear of his pupils 

and the respect of all. 

"( )n retiring from the precept orship of the acad- 
emy, he engaged in trade at Chesterfield ('cut re, and 
continued iii that business during the remainder of 
his life. He was a member of the N.. H. House of 
Representatives in 1808, '09, '10 and '11. and again in 

'21 ; a member of the State Senate in L812, '13, '14, and 

15, and of the Council in 1816 and '17. Modest and 
unaspiring in his deportment (unlike many of our 
modern politicians), the offices of honor and trust that 
he lield were unbought and unsought by him, but be- 
stowed upon him by an appreciative constituency in 
consideration of his eminent qualifications for the same. 

" A man of temperate habits and strong constitu- 
tion, in the full strength and vigor of life and useful- 
ness, and with a prospect before him amounting to 
nearly a certainty that, if his life was spared, he 
would soon be called to fill the highest office in the 
gilt of the State, his unexpected death, which occurred 
August 30, 1821, at the age of 49, was a. severe loss to 
the town, the State and the community, and brought 
deep mourning upon his family and friends ; but his 
memory will be cherished while virtue, honesty and 
intelligence are justly appreciated." 

SAMUEL King, son of Dr. Samuel King-, ap- 
pears to have settled in Chesterfield about L773. 
lie probably came from Petersham, Mass. He 
was «>ne of the most conspicuous characters in 
the history of the town. In 1770 he refused 
to sign the "Association Test/' and in dune, 
1777, he was summoned before the "court of 
inquiry," at Keene, " as being inimical to the 
United States of America;" was tried and 
sentenced to pay a tine and to he confined 
to the limits of his farm. When the contro- 
versy about the "Grants" was at its height, 
he espoused the cause of Vermont, ami la- 
bored strenuously to effect the union id' the 
disaffected towns with that State, and at one 
time held a commission as colonel in the 
Vermont militia. According to the rec- 
ords of the Superior Court of Cheshire County, 
he was indicted at the same time with Samuel 
Davis, for attempting to break up the Inferior 
Court in September, 1 7S2 ; hut this indictment 
was quashed. In 1781 he was chosen, to- 
gether with Deacon Silas Thompson, to repre- 
sent Chesterfield in the General Assembly of 
Vermont, and was selectman the same and the 
following year. In 1782, '83 and '84 he repre- 
sented the town in the General Court of New- 
Hampshire, lie died September 13, 1785, in 
his thirtv-fourth year, and was buried in the 
old town grave-yard at the Centre village. In 
his will, which was made twelve days before 
his death, he devised the use of his farm to his 
father and mother, and made certain provisions 
respecting his sisters and children. The ap- 
praised value of his estate was t'2497 9a. b/. 



John Kneeland, son of Timothy Kneeland, 
and brother of the celebrated Abner Knee- 
land, was born in Gardner, Mass., in 17(36 
or '67. He was a carpenter by trade, and 
helped build, in 1790, the large square house, 
near the West village, now owned and occupied 
by Ira D. Farr. He lived a few years after his 
marriage in Dammerston, Yt., but returned 
to Chesterfield about 1797. He resided many 
years on the farm now owned and occupied by 
Charles C. P. Goodrich, Esq., and which has 
long been known as the " 'Squire Kneeland 
farm." He was a justice of the peace for many 
years, and held the office of selectman longer 
than it has ever been held by any other person 
since the town was incorporated, viz.: 1806, 
'08, '10, '12-16, '20-26, or sixteen years in 
all. He was also representative 1818-20, '22 
and '25. He died February 9, 1850. 

Benjamin Lloyd Marsh, son of Captain 
Reuben and Mary ( Wetherbee) Marsh, was born 
in Chesterfield November 8, 1823. While a 
young man he went to Boston, and became, in 
1851, a member of the great dry-goods firm of 
Jordan, Marsh & Co., the senior partner of 
which is Eben D. Jordan. Mr. Marsh re- 
tained his connection with this firm till his 
death, which occurred June 13, 1865, "having 
shared in all the struggles, vicissitudes and 
triumphs of the house." His brother, Charles 
Marsh, is still a member of the same firm. 

Levi Mead, son of Matthew Mead, was 
born in Lexington, Mass., October 14, 1759. 
Soon after the War of the Revolution began he 
enlisted in the American army, and served dur- 
ing the whole war. In 1782 he married Betsey, 
daughter of Joseph Converse, who settled in 
Chesterfield about 1794. 

In October, 1800, he purchased of Asa Brit- 
ton, of this town, what is known as the " Mead 
farm," having a frontage on the main street, at 
the Centre village, extending from the old 
" back road " (leading westward, and now dis- 
used) to the "Dr. Tyler place." In the spring 
of 1 S01 he came to Chesterfield with his fam- 

ily, and occupied the next house south of the 
Tyler place, which he kept as a tavern. In 
1816 he built the present hotel at the Centre 
village, long known as the " Mead tavern." 
In 1802 he was appointed deputy sheriff for 
Cheshire County, and held this office many 
years. He died April 29, 1828. 

Larkin G. Mead, born in Lexington, Mass., 
October 2, 1795, was the son of Levi Mead. 
He was educated at the Chesterfield Academy 
and at Dartmouth College, and then read law 
with Hon. Phineas Handerson. For many 
years he was a prominent member of theCheshire 
bar. He was a man of culture, and possessed 
rare business qualities. He was ever foremost in 
promoting the cause of education, and took 
great interest in the public schools. In 1839 
he removed to Brattleborough, where he resided 
the remainder of his life, and where he con- 
tinued to practice his profession. He procured 
the charter for the first savings-bank in Ver- 
mont, now called the Vermont Savings-Bank 
of Brattleborough, and was treasurer of the 
institution about twenty-five years. In 1846 
he was a member of the Vermont Senate. He 
died July 6, 1 869. 

His wife was Mary Jane, daughter of Hon. 
John Xoyes, of Putney, Vt. One of his sons 
is the well-known sculptor, Larkin G. Mead, 
Jr., who was born in Chesterfield January 3, 
1835, but removed to Brattleborough with his 
parents in 1839. In 1862 he went to Florence, 
Italy, where lie has since resided the greater 
part of the time. Among the most important 
of his works are the "Recording Angel," the 
colossal statue "Vermont," "Ethan Allen," 
"The Returned Soldier," "Columbus' Last 
Appeal to Isabella," " America," the bronze 
statue of Abraham Lincoln, "Venice, the Bride 
of the Sea," etc. 

John PlERCE, came to Chesterfield from 
Groton, Mass., between 1770 and 1776. 

According to tradition, he served in the last 
French and Indian War. On coming to Ches- 
terfield, lie appears to have located at what is 



now the Centre village, where he may have kept 
a small store. At the same time he owned a 
large quantity of land in the town, much of 
which he is said to have sacrificed to the cause 
of liberty during the War of the Revolution. 
Together with others of this town, he also took 
part in the battle of Bennington, probably as 
an independent volunteer. April 19, 17S2, he 
purchased of Samuel Davis Converse the 
western half (the other half lying in Spafford's 
Lake) of lot No. 12, in the tenth range, on 
which he built a house. Here he passed the 
remaining years of his life, erecting, after a 
while, a larger and more commodious house 
near the highway that formerly led from the 
( entre village to Westmoreland. He died July 
7, 181 2, aged sixty-nine years. 

Ezekiel P. Pierce, son of John and Tabi- 
tha (Porter) Pierce, was born April 20,1785, 
and spent the most of his life in Ches- 
terfield. About 1821 he opened a store at 
the Centre village, where he also kept a tavern 
for some time. He afterwards engaged in trade 
for a while at Factory village, and in London- 
derry, Vt. The first "patent accelerating 
wheel-heads," for spinning wool, that were 
made in ( 'hesterfield, were manufactured by 
him at Factory village, probably about 1820. 
He also engaged to some extent in the manu- 
facture of bits and augers. In 1827 he repre- 
sented the town in the General Court. lie died 
May 2:], 1865. 

Waimiam R. Platts, son of Captain Joseph 
I'latts, of Rindge, born .Inly 18, 1 71)2, married 
Sarah Harvey in 1821, and settled in Chester- 
field. For about twenty-one years he was post- 
master at the Centre village. He was also, for 
many years, a deputy sheriff for Cheshire 
County, and for a while sheriff of the comity. 
He was always interested in the affairs of the 
town and in national politics. In lNj.S and 
1851 he held the other of selectman, and 
was town clerk in L843— 44. He died February 
21, 1872. 

Johs Putnam, born in Winchester May 10, 

1761, came to Chesterfield in his boyhood, and 
lived in the family of Ebenezer Harvey, Sr. In 
1 779 he enlisted in Colonel Hercules Mooney's 
regiment, and served for a while. This regiment 
was ordered to march to Rhode Island. In 1801 
he married Mary, daughter of Joseph Con- 
verse, and lived many years at the Centre vil- 
lage, in the large house that once stood near the 
south side of the common, and which was 
burned about 1845. Though he commenced lite 
in very humble circumstances, he succeeded, 
by his sagacity and perseverance, in acquir- 
ing a considerable fortune, owning much tim- 
ber-land in the Winchester woods. For a 
number of years he was one of the trustees of 
the academy, and served the town in the ca- 
pacity of selectman in the years L 808, '09/20, 
'21, '20. He also represented the town in the 
Legislature in 1816, '17, '18 and '26. lb' died 
November 17, 1849, at the age of eighty-eight 

Eleazeb Randall, son of Eleazer and 
Clarissa (Wheeler) Randall, was born in Ches- 
terfield February 27, 1S20. Having learned 
the carpenter's trade when a young man, he en- 
gaged pretty extensively, from about 1850 till 
1860, in the construction of railway and other 
buildings in Vermont, Western Canada and 
Michigan, being associated, most of the time, 
with Marshall II. Farr and his own brothers, — 
Shubel II. and George Randall. He married, 
in 1846, Elvira Rumrill, of Hillsborough 
Bridge. From 18(50 till the time of his death 
he engaged in farming, in ( 'hesterfield, on the 
farm that he had owned and managed since 1850, 
and which is now owned by his sons, Oran E. 
and Frederick b\ Randall. He died July 30, 

Silas Richardson, a descendant of John 
Richardson, who came to this country from 
England, appears to have settled in this town 
about 1776, having come from Mendon, Mass. 

He was one of the original trustees of Ches- 
terfield Academy, and was selectman in L788, 
1793-96. He died in 1803. His wife was 



Silence Daniels, of Medway, Mass., and one of 
his sons, Orlo Richardson, married Nancy Wild, 
of this town, and settled here. In 1826-28, '34, 
'35, he (Orlo) also held the office of selectman, 
and represented the town in the Legislature in 
1828-29. He died May 27, 1852. His son, 
John Milton Richardson, born November 25, 
1807, is a farmer and justice of the peace in 

Archibald Robertson, born in Edinburgh, 
Scotland, in 1708, emigrated to America in 
1754, with his wife, Elizabeth (Watson), and 
children, James, William, John (?) and Anna (?). 
Archibald and his wife were dissenters from the 
old-established Church of Scotland, and joined 
with the " New Disciples." Their names ap- 
pear among those of the subscribers for the 
new book of " Confession of Faith," a copy of 
which is now in possession of their great-grand- 
son, Timothy N. Robertson. They came to 
Chesterfield (having lived a few years near 
Boston), after their son James had settled here, 
but just how long after has not been ascertained. 
December 14, 1775, Archibald was chosen to 
represent Chesterfield and Hinsdale in the 
" Provincial Congress " that was to assemble at 
Exeter the 21st day of the same month, being 
the first person ever chosen by the town for 
such purpose. After living here a number of 
years he removed to Brattleborough, or Ver- 
non, Vt. He died in Brattleborough in 1803. 

James R< >berts< >x, son of Archibald Robert- 
son, born in Scotland March 8, 1741, came to 
this country with his father in 1754. For a 
few years after coming to this country he 
worked in old Dunstable and vicinity, and, 
probably, also took part in the last French and 
Indian War. In the summer of 1762 he came 
to Chesterfield, and began to prepare a home 
for himself and future wife. The place where 
he built his cabin is about thirty rods west of 
the present residence of his grandson, T. X. 
Robertson. When the war broke out between 
the mother-country and the American colonies 
he ardently espoused the cause of the latter, 

though a Briton by birth. In September, 1776, 
he enlisted in Captain Houghton's company of 
Colonel Nahum Baldwin's regiment. In 1777 
he was a lieutenant in Colonel Ashley's regi- 
ment, but the date of his commission has not 
been ascertained. He Was, also, at one time a 
member of the town "Committee of Safety." 
During the controversy about the New Hamp- 
shire Grants he was firm in his opposition to 
the Vermont party, by some of whom he ap- 
pears to have been rather roughly treated. 
He died March 19, 1830. His first wife was 
Sarah Bancroft, of Dunstable (now Tyngsbor- 
ough), Mass. She died June 28, 1798, in her 
fifty -fifth year. 

Elisha Rock wood, born in Groton, Mass., 
November 20, 1740, purchased in Chesterfield, 
in 1769, the larger part of house-lots Nos. 7 
and 8, in the tenth range. In his deed he was 
styled "a clothier." He took a prominent part 
in the affairs of the town during the War of 
the Revolution, being one of the town Com- 
mittee of Safety in 1777. He also was select- 
man the same year and in 1780. He died Feb- 
ruary 13, 1832. 

The Sargent Family. — The founder of the 
Sargent family in Chesterfield was Erastus Sar- 
gent, a great-grandson of Digory Sargent, of 
Massachusetts, who was killed by the Indians 
about 1704, and whose wife and children were 
captured and taken to Canada. Erastus mar- 
ried Annas, daughter of Warren Snow, of 
Chesterfield, and lived many years here, fin- 
ally removing to Stukely, P. Q,., where he 
died August 24, 1847, aged seventy-five years. 
One of his sons, Edwin Sargent, married Sally, 
daughter of David Stoddard, of this town, and 
lived here the most of his life. He represented 
the town in the General Court in 1842. One 
of his sons, Charles R. Sargent, engaged to a 
considerable extent, in his earlier years, in 
school-teaching ; but at the time of his death, 
which occurred in Hinsdale April 2, 1880, he 
was one of the commissioners of Cheshire 
( ountv, to which office he had been twice elected. 



Wm. Shurtleff came to Chesterfield from 
Ellington, Conn., in 1787, and died here in 
1801. His wife was Hannah Cady, and one 
of his nine children was Roswell Shurtleff, 
bora August 29, 177.*). At the age of about 
nineteen years Roswell entered Chesterfield 
Academy, where he studied Latin, going 
through Ross's Grammar in just two weeks. 
One of his mates at the academy was Levi 
Jackson, who was afterwards his classmate and 
room-mate at Dartmouth College. After a 
while he took up the study of Greek, and went 
through the "Westminster Creek Grammar" 
in one week. In 17i>7 he and Jackson 
entered Dartmouth two years in advance, and 
graduated in 1799. From 1800 to 1804 he 
was tutor in that college; from 1804 to 1S27, 
professor of divinity; from 18*27 to 1838, 
professor of moral philosophy and political 
economy. For nearly twenty years he was 
also college preacher, and pastor of the church 
on Hanover Plain. He was a man of great 
intellectual force, an excellent teacher and a 
devoted friend to all young men who were 
striving to obtain an education. He died at 
Hanover February 4, 1861, in his eighty- 
eighth year. 

MOSES Smith, the first settler of Chesterfield, 
was of Leicester, Mass.. in 17o<S, where he 
owned land purchased of John Nobles, of 
Norwich, Conn. In 17(il he was of Hins- 
dale, as was stated in the deed of the land 
which he purchased in Chesterfield that year. 

His wife was Elizabeth , who died duly 20, 

in her sixty-first year. He was selectman in 1777, 
1771-72. The inscription on his gravestone is 
as follow.-: " In memory of Ensign Moses 
Smith, the first settler in Chesterfield, who de 
parted this life Dec y e 30th, 1785, in y" 75th 
year of Ids age." He was buried in the town 
graveyard, situated near the " river road" and 
a short distance south of the residence of 
( lharles ( !. P. < roodrich, Esq. 

Moses Smith, Jr., son of Moses Smith, the 
first settler, married, in 17n\s, Phebe, daughter 

of John Snow, of Chesterfield. He was one of 
the first settlers in the eastern part of the town, 
having purchased, December 25, 1 764, lot No. 
12, in the sixth range. He was lieutenant in 
1777, and justice of the peace for many years. 
He was also one of the original trustees of the 
academy. During the controversy about the 
''New Hampshire Grants" he espoused the 
cause of Vermont, and at one time the New 
Hampshire government gave orders for his 
arrest. He held the office of selectman in 
1775, '76, 78, '81, '89-91, and was repre- 
sentative in 1786-88, '!)(), '91. About 1824 
he removed, with his son Moses, dr., to Pike, 
Allegany County, N. Y., where he died about 
1830, aged eighty-seven years. 

John Snow appears to have settled in Ches- 
terfield in 17t52, which year he and Moses 
Smith built the first saw-mill erected in the 
town. He probably lived on or near what 
was afterwards the town poor-farm. He un- 
doubtedly came from some town in Massa- 
chusetts. He was selectman in 17<i7, and died 
May 12, 1777, in his seventy-second year. 
One of his sons, Zerubbabel Snow, married 
Mary Trowbridge, of Worcester, Mass., and 
settled in Chesterfield before 1770. He was 
one of the selectmen in 1773-74, and died 
April 12, 1795, in his fifty-fourth year. 
Another son of John Snow, Warren Snow, 
married Amy Harvey, and settled in this town 
in 1769 or 1770, having come from Princeton, 
Mass. In 1777 lie was a member of the " Com- 
mittee of Inspection and Correspondence" of 
Chesterfield, and selectman in 1779. lb' died 
in 1S24. 

Alpheus Snow, a grandson of Zerubbabel 
Snow, was born in Chesterfield May 10, 17!H. 
He married, in 1815, Salome, daughter of 
Perley Harris, of this town. In his youth he 
attended school only a few weeks; nevertheless, 
by private study, he afterwards succeeded in 
acquiring an ordinary education. He had a 
special aptitude for arithmetic, and it is said 
that even persons who ought to have been his 



superiors in this branch of mathematics some- 
times sought his aid in the solution of difficult 
problems. When a young man he learned the 
blacksmith's trade, which he followed for many 
years at the West village. He also engaged in 
farming, living a long time on the farm now 
owned and occupied by Horace D. Smith. He 
was selectman in 18:37-39, '45, '49, '58, and 
represented the town in the General Court in 
1849. He died May 28, 1869. 

Ebenezer Stearns, born in 1776, son of 
Ebenezer Stearns, of Milford, Mass., appears to 
have come to Chesterfield about 1797. About 
1800 he opened the first store at Factory 
village. In 1805 the Chesterfield Maim- 
factoring Company was incorporated, of 
which he was agent and treasurer most of the 
time from 1809 to 1821. He was an active, 
enterprising man, and did much to promote the 
welfare and interests of the village in which he 
lived. In 1823-24 he represented the town in 
the Legislature. He died October 11, 1825. 

David Stoddard may have come from Rut- 
land, Mass. He appears to have settled in 
Chesterfield about 1767, on the farm now 
owned and occupied by Truman A. Stoddard. 
Whether he was married more than once is not 
known ; but the name of the wife who came 

to Chesterfield with him was Joanna . 

He was selectman in 1771 and 1772, and in 
the spring of 1775 he enlisted in Captain 
Hind's company of the Third New Hampshire 
Regiment. According to tradition, he died 
while in the army. 

One of his sons, David Stoddard, Jr., mar- 
ried Sarah French, and lived on the paternal 
farm in this town. 

Peter Stone, a descendant of Simon Stone, 
who came to this country from England in 
1635, was born in Groton, Mass., August 25, 
1741. In 1773 he married Abigail Fassett, of 
Westford, Mass. March 27, 1777, he pur- 
chased, in Chesterfield, of Silas Thompson, the 
farm on which the latter settled (consisting in 
part, at least, of lot No 12, in the thirteenth 

range). He appears to have come to this town 
with his family in 1778 or 1779. He built, at 
an early period, the house owned and occupied 
by the late Charles N. Clark. In 1790 he 
helped establish the academy. In his efforts 
to aid others he became involved in debt, and 
was obliged to mortgage his farm, which he 
eventually lost. Though permitted to remain 
in the house which he formerly owned (being 
old and infirm), he chose not to do so, and 
passed his last days in the school-house that 
stood on the site of the present one in School- 
District No. 10. He died about 1820 (as 
nearly as can be ascertained), having survived 
his wife a number of years. 

Warren Stone, a grandson of Peter Stone, 
was born at St. Albans, Vt., in 1808, but came, 
at an early age, to Chesterfield, whence 
his father and mother had removed but 
a few years before. His early years were 
spent in manual labor, and in obtaining such 
education as the schools of the town afforded. 
As he approached manhood, however, the 
desire to pursue the study of medicine became 
so strong that he resolved to quit the rural 
scenes of his youth and devote his life to that 
calling for which he had an especial fitness. 
Accordingly, he went to Keene and studied a 
while with the distinguished Dr. Twitchell, 
afterwards attending the medical school in 
Pittsfield, Mass., from which he graduated 
with the degree of M.D. in 1831. The next 
thing to be done was to find a suitable location 
for practicing his profession. Endowed by 
nature with a bold and enterprising spirit, he 
at last decided to seek his fortune in the far- 
distant regions of the South. He accordingly 
went to Boston, where, October 10, 1832, he 
took passage for New Orleans in the brig 
"Amelia." The brig was wrecked on Folly 
Island, near Charleston, S. C., but the 
passengers were rescued, Dr. Stone especially 
displaying on this occasion the firmness and 
presence of mind for which he was noted. 
( Jholera also broke out among the passengers 



and crow, from which ho, too, suffered with 
the rest. Ho finally arrived, however, in New 
Orleans, late in November or early in Decem- 
ber, in poor health and with insufficient 
clothing. After a while he succeeded in 
getting employment, in a subordinate capacity, 
in Charity Hospital, of which he afterwards 
became assistant surgeon. In January, 1 S : i 7 , 
he was appointed professor of anatomy in the 
Medical Department of the University of 
Louisiana, and soon afterwards professor of 
surgery— a position that he held till he 
resigned it. in the spring of 1872. In 1839 ho 
established, in connection with Dv. William E. 
Kennedy, a private hospital. In 1S41 he was 
unfortunate enough to lose one of his eyes from 
"a specific inflammation contracted from a 
child." When the war broke out in 1861, 
Dr. Stone was appointed, by the Confederate 
authorities, surgeon-general of Louisiana, in 
which capacity he rendered very efficient 
service. After the occupation of New Orleans 
by the Federal forces he was imprisoned for a 
while by General Benjamin F. Butler. 

As a surgeon, Dr. Stone possessed remarkable 
skill, and successfully performed the most diffi- 
cult operations, lie was, in fact, " the admit- 
ted head of the profession in the Southwest." 
He died in New Orleans December (5, 1872. 

Stephen Streeter, Jr., son of Stephen 
and Sarah (Chamberlain) Streeter, was horn 
December 7. 17*2, about which time his father 
and mother 'came from Oxford, Mass., to ( 'hes- 
terfield. He was locally celebrated as a poet, 
being noted also for his retentive memory. 
Some of his songs, epigrams and longer poems 
were very popular with his contemporaries, and 
he well merited the appellation of the " Bard 
of Streeter Hill." He died May 22, 1864, 
having never married. 

Si i. .\s Thompson, of Dunstable, Mass., pur- 
chased in Chesterfield, March 12, I7t!i», lot 
No. 12, in the thirteenth range, and probably 
settled on the same soon after. Thisloi formed 
part, at least, of the farm which he sold in 

1777 to Peter Stone, Sr. After selling this 
farm he lived on the one now owned by Henry 
J. Dunham. He took a prominent part in the 
affairs of the town and the church, being one 
of the deacons of the latter. Together with 
Colonel Samuel King, he represented the town, 
after its union with Vermont, in the Assembly 
of that State. In 1770 he was selectman, and 
in 1776 coroner for Cheshire County. His wife 
was Abigail Bancroft. He died April 25, 1; six;, 
in his seventy-second year. 

Ezra Titus, son of Joseph and Mary (Bige- 
low) Titus, was born in Chesterfield January 
1 5, 1 789. 

Being of a studious turn of mind and fond 
of mathematical studies, he is said to have ap- 
plied himself so assiduously to these in his 
early years as to have seriously overtasked his 
brain — a circumstance which caused him to 
change his course of life. He, nevertheless, fol- 
lowed school-teaching to a considerable extent, 
and acquired the reputation of being one of the 
best teachers of his time. After his marriage 
he also engaged in fanning in this town, and 
for a while held a colonel's commission in the 
New Hampshire militia. He also hold the 
office of selectman in 1836 and '17. His wife 
was Electa, daughter of John Knoeland, Esq. 
He died March 25, 1869. One of his sons, 
Herbert B.Titus, was an officer in the Federal 
army during the Civil War. 

Dr. JOSHUA Tyleb came from Brook-field, 
Mass., and settled in Chesterfield, probably be- 
tween 177H and '81. He located at the Centre 
village, where he built the large house in which 
his son, Rolston G. Tyler, lived many years, 
and which is now occupied by Sowall F. Rugg. 
He practiced his profession in this town many 
years, and died June 1 1, 1807, aged forty-nine 
years. His wife, Judith Ayres, died August 
1 1, 1854, aged ninety-one years. 

Nathaniel Walton, a son of Lawrence 
Walton, one of the early settlers of Chester- 
field, married Mary, daughter of Eli Pattridge, 
of this town, and settled here. He was a black- 



smith by trade and noted for his extraordinary 
physical strength. It is said of him that he 
could pick up his anvil by the horn and carry it 
some distance. He was also a celebrated wrest- 
ler, and is said to have rarely found his match. 
He died April 25, 1817, in his sixty-first year. 
One of his sons, Nathaniel Walton, Jr., was a 
farmer in Chesterfield, and served the town as 
a selectman twelve years, viz.: 1822-25, 1827- 
29, 1834, 1842-44, 1846. He was also a rep- 
resentative in the General Court in 1844 and 
'46. He died April 12, 1872. One of the 
sons of Nathaniel, Jr., Milo Walton, became a 
prominent citizen of Amity, Me., where he en- 
gaged extensively in fruit-culture. 

Peter Wheeler, born probably about 1733, 
served seven years with Captain Patch, of Lit- 
tleton, Mass., as an apprentice to the trade of 
carpenter and joiner. He married Olive Davis, 
and lived a while in Littleton. July 23, 1762, 
he purchased in Chesterfield lot No. 9, in the 
fifteenth range ; and January 22, 1766, house- 
lots Nos. 1 and 2, in the twelfth range. He 
settled where Russell H. Davis now lives, not 
far from the brook that bears his name. It is 
said that he helped build the " old meeting- 
house," and that he took an active part in pro- 
moting the welfare of the new town. He ap- 
pears to have died about 1814. 

His great-grandson, Hon. Hoyt H. Wheeler, 
is judge of the United States District Court for 
the district of Vermont. • 

ASHBEL Wheeler, son of Benjamin and 
Sarah (Harris) Wheeler, born in this town 
November 26, 1785, married Diana, daughter 
of Eleazer Randall (1st), and settled here. 

For many years he was a well-known mer- 
chant and distiller at the West village, being 
also engaged, a part of the time, in farming. 
Commencing business with little or no capital, 
save his own native tact and shrewdness, he suc- 
ceeded in acquiring a considerable fortune. He 
was also a violin-player, and in his early and 
middle manhood was extensively employed to 
play at balls and " kitchen-dances." The store 

which he established at the West village was 
extensively patronized, and was long one of 
the principal stores in the town. He died June 
20, 1866. 

Nathan Wild, son of Benjamin Wild, born 
in Norton, Mass., June 14, 1787, came to Ches- 
terfield with his father in 1801. 

In his youth he had a fondness for mathe- 
matical studies, which he pursued at home, with 
the assistance of his brother David. Nathan 
applied himself assiduously to the study of sur- 
veying and astronomy, and soon became one of the 
most skillful surveyors in the State, and an 
astronomer of considerable proficiency. After his 
marriage he settled on a farm situated near the 
present stage-road leading from Factory vil- 
lage to Keene, about one mile from the former 

This farm is at present owned by Rev. 
T. I/. Fowler. He now engaged not only in 
practical farming and surveying, but in the 
publication of an almanac, known for a while 
as " The Improved New England Almanack 
and Ephemeris," and afterwards as " The Far- 
mer's, Mechanic's and Gentleman's Almanack." 
He appears to have begun the publication of 
his almanacs about 1819, and they were gener- 
ally, though not always, printed by John 
Prentiss, at Keeue. 

Not only was Mr. Wild a practical farmer, 
surveyor, astronomer and almanac-maker, but 
he also held several important civil offices. He 
was selectman from 1820 to 1825, and repre- 
sentative in the General Court in 1831 and 
1832. In 1833 and 1834 he was a member of 
the New Hampshire Senate. 

His wife, whom he married in 1814, was 
Rachel Newcombe. She died in Greene County, 
Ind., in 1840. He died in Chesterfield March 
5, 1838, and his body was interred in the vil- 
lage cemetery at Factory village. His son, 
Nathan R. Wild, was also a surveyor and civil 
engineer. He married, in 1838, Maria E. 
Wood, a granddaughter of Rev. Abraham 
Wood, and removed to Greene County, Ind., 



in 1840, whore he died April 7, 1851, in his 
thirty-sixth year. 

Captain Simon Wtllard, probably from 
Winchester, appears to have settled in Chester- 
field about 1788. He married, about the same 
time, Mollv King, the widow of Colonel Samuel 
Kino-. He lived in this town till about 1813, 
when he removed to Winchester, where he died 
at a great age. He represented Chesterfield in 
the General Court in 1794-96, 1801-7, or 
ten years in all. 

Rev. Ami: a ham \V< m >d, a descendant of \Yil- 
liam Woofl, who came to this country from 
England in 1638 was the first settled minister 
of the Congregational Church in Chesterfield. 
IIi< ancestor, William Wood, was the author of 
a book entitled " New England's Prospects." 
The following extracts are from a sketch of the 
life of Rev. Abraham Wood, written by his 
grandson, Professor Alphonso Wood, the bot- 

" Rev. Abraham Wood was born in Sudbury, Mass., 
a.d. 1748 (Sept. 26); was educated in Harvard Uni- 
versity and graduated with the class of 1767. June 
4, 1771, he was married to Sarah Loring, of Hingham, 
Mass., granddaughter of the Rev. Israel Loring, and 
both were soon on their way, by a perilous journey, 
into the then all-pervading wilderness of New Hamp- 
shire. Here, in the township of Chesterfield, A.i>. 
1772, he began a ministry which was to continue 
without interruption unto the end of his days. His 
annual salary was fixed at £80/ and assumed as a 
town charge, and paid, like other municipal expenses, 
from the public treasury. His parish was co-exten- 
sive with the township, and throughout he was rev- 
ereuced and beloved almost without exception. His 
advice or approbation was sought in all public affairs, 
alike in civil, military, educational and religious. He 
not only ministered in the church, but solemnized 
their marriages, baptized their children, buried their 
dead, inspected their schools, addressed their martial 
parades, and in their family gatherings was a welcome, 
nay, an indispensable guest. 

" His sermons were generally written out, and ever 
true to the orthodoxy of the Pilgrim Fathers, not- 
withstanding the tide of Arianism which began to 

1 His salary was first fixed at £65, but was raised in 
1792 to E80 

sweep the churches of New England in the latter part 
of his ministry. 

"In speech he was animated and inspiring, with a 
clear and ringing voice, and a style that appealed to 
the reason and conscience, rather than to the imagi- 
nation of his hearers. 

" The last five years of his life were subject to much 
infirmity, so that, at his own request, the Rev. John 
Walker was called and installed by the church as 
colleague pastor. To facilitate this measure, he gen- 
erously declined his salary in favor of his colleague, 
accepting for himself thereafter only the voluntary 
offerings of bis people. 

" During this period he continued to preach only 
occasionally. On the great occasion of the fifty-first 
anniversary of his ministry in Chesterfield he was 
once more in his pulpit, and preached to a crowded 
assembly, reviewing the events of his long and happy 
connection with that people as their spiritual guide. 
This was his last public effort. 

"In person Mr. Wood was of medium height, with 
a full habit, smooth face, florid complexion and an 
attractive face, as shown in a life-size portrait painted 
by Belknap." 

He died October 18, 1823. His widow sur- 
vived him twenty years, and died in Indiana at 
the age of ninety-three years. 

One of his sons, Abraham Wood, Jr., lived 
many years in Chesterfield, on the paternal 
farm, and was town clerk from 1818 to 1833. 
In 1839 he removed to Greene County, Ind., 
where he died September 24, 1846. His wife 
was Patty, daughter of Asa Dutton, of Dunl- 
in erston, Vt. 

Professoe Alphonso Wood, son of Abra- 
ham Wood, Jr., was born September 17, 1810. 
His first fifteen years were spent at home in 
the old manse, dividing his time between rural 
occupations and study in the village school and 
the academy. After this his winters were 
employed in teaching village schools in other 
towns, — notably in Keene, Walpole, Clare- 
mont, Fitzwilliam, Vernon, Newburyport, — 
until the date of his graduation at Dartmouth 
College, a.d. 1831. Immediately after this 
event he was called to Kimball Union Acad- 
emy, at Meriden, as teacher of natural science 
and Latin, where, with an interruption of one 



year only, he remained during the next fifteen 
years. This one year he spent at Andover, 
Mass., in the study of theology, endeavoring 
to fulfill the long-cherished purpose of his 
parents. But his theological training was cut 
short by a peremptory summons to return to 
Meriden. Soon after this, Mr. Wood was 
licensed, after examination, by the Sullivan 
County Association as a preacher of the gospel, 
but his ministry was confined to the army of 
students that filled the academy (from two hun- 
dred to three hundred) and occasional services 
in the neighboring churches. 

It was during his residence in Meriden that 
he first conceived the purpose of preparing a 
class-book of botany. The purpose arose very 
naturally, — first, from his excessive fondness 
for the science, and secondly, from his felt 
necessities as a teacher of natural history. 

Devoting his leisure hours and vacations 
largely to botanical excursions and studies, 
seven years passed, till 1845, when the "Class- 
Book " was first issued. The work was not 
stereotyped, being with the publishers a mere 
experiment, and only fifteen hundred copies 
were printed. 

A demand unexpectedly great soon ex- 
hausted this edition. 

In preparing for a new issue, Mr. Wood 
passed the spring and summer of 1846 in the 
Western States, whither his parents had then 
removed, botanizing in the prairies and barrens, 
in order to extend the limits of his flora as far 
west as the Mississippi River. He was ac- 
companied by his wife, Lucy, and son, Frank 
Alphonso, then two years old. 

In the spring of 1849, on account of im- 
paired health, he resigned his connection with 
the Kimball Union Academy, and entered the 
more active service of civil engineer in the 
construction of a railway from Rutland, Vt., 
to Albany, N. Y. 

From 1852 to 1858 he was engaged in 
teaching in Cleveland, Ohio, and at College 

Hill, near Cincinnati. In 1858 he established, 
in connection with Mr. Covert, the Terre 
Haute (Ind.) Female College; but in 1860 
removed to Brooklyn, N. Y. The " Class 
Book" was now an important interest. To 
extend the area of its flora, Professor Wood 
had made an exploration of the Southern 
States, lasting six months of the year 1857. 
In 1861 he opened the Brooklyn Female 
Academy, but was again induced by love of his 
favorite science to resume his investigations. 
Accordingly, he embarked for California in 
October, 1865. 

In the Pacific States he sojourned one year 
in constant travel, surveying the mountains, 
the mines, the rocks, the peoples, and especially 
the j)lants of that glorious land, from San 
Diego to Puget's Sound, and returning, by the 
way of the Isthmus, in November, 1866. 

In the spring of 1867, having transferred 
his interests in Brooklyn, he once more col- 
lected his family into a new home in the 
village of West Farms, a suburb of the city 
of New York (and now annexed to it), on the 
north. Here he suffered affliction in the death 
of his wife, Lucy. 

While he resided at West Farms, Professor 
Wood was employed in revising and republish- 
ing his botanical works, and in performing the 
duties connected with the chair of botany in 
the New York College of Pharmacy. He 
sometimes also preached, as openings in the 
churches occurred. 

He was the author of the following works, 
which are all published at present by A. S. 
Barnes & Co.: 

The "Class-Book of Botany," "Object- 
Lessons in Botany," " The Botanist and Flor- 
ist," "Monograph of the Liliacese of the 
United States," "The Plant Record," "Flora 
Atlantica," " How to Study Plants " (written 
conjointly with Professor Steele). 

Professor Wood died at his home at West 
Farms, after a short illness, January 4, 1881. 



Geographical — Original Grant — Names of Grantees — Divi- 
sion of Grant — Provisions of Grant — The First Settlements 
— Names of Pioneers — Incorporation of Town — First 
Town-Meeting— Second Town-Meeting — Voters in 1770 
— Tax-List of 1771 — Prices of Commodities in 1777. 

The town of Dublin lies in the Eastern part 
of the county, and is bounded as follows: 

North, by Harrisville; East, by Hillsbor- 
ough County ; South, by Jaflrey ; Vfvst, by 

This town, originally known as Monadnock, 
No. 3, was granted November 3, 1749, by the 
Masonian proprietors, to "Matthew Thornton, 
Sampson Stoddard, William Spaulding, Joseph 
French, Zachariah Stearnes, Peter Powers, Rob- 
ert Fletcher, Junier, Eleaz r Blanchard, Foster 
Wentworth, Josiah Swan, Isaac Rindge, John 
Rindge, Ezekiel Carpenter, Benjam n Bellows, 
John Combs, Stephen Powers, Henry AVallis, 
Samuel Kenny, EbenezerGillson, Jeremiah Nor- 
cross, Isaiah Lewis, Ezra Carpenter, Enos Law- 
rence, William ( 'ummings, Mark Hunkin, Joseph 
Jackson, Thomas Wibird, Jeremiah Lawrence, 
John Usher, Nathan 1 Page David Page, Samuel 
Farley, Daniel Emerson, Joseph Blanchard 
Jun r , Thomas Parker Jun r , Anthony Wibird, 
Francis Wbrster, Jonathan Cummings, David 
Wilson and Clement March Esq r ." 

The deed of grant (says Mr. ( 'harles Mason, 
in his address) was given by Colonel Joseph 
Blanchard, of Dunstable, pursuant, as the reci- 
tal states, to the power vested in him by the 
proprietors, by a vote passed at a meeting held 

at Portsmouth, in June preceding. This grant, 
embracing a territory of thirty-five square miles, 
— being seven miles in length and five in breadth, 
— was made upon certain conditions, of which 
the most important were that — 

The whole tract of land was to be divided 
into seventy-one equal shares, each share to con- 
tain three lots, equitably coupled together, and 
to be drawn for, at Dunstable, on or before the 
1st day of July, 1750. 

Three shares were to be appropriated, free of 
all charge, "one for the first settled minister in 
the town, one for the support of the ministry, 
and one for the school there ; forever;" and 
one lot of each of these three shares was to be 
first laid out near the middle of the town, in the 
most convenient place, and lots coupled to them, 
so as not to be drawn for. 

The lots were to be laid out at the expense of 
the grantees, and within four years from the 
date of the grant forty of the shares, or rights, 
as they were called, were to be entered upon, 
and three acres of land, at the least, cleared, in- 
closed and fitted up for mowing or tillage ; and, 
within six months then next, there was to be, 
on each of these forty settling shares, a house 
built, the room sixteen feet square, at the least, 
fitted and furnished for comfortable dwelling, 
and some person resident in it, and to continue 
inhabitancy there for three years, with the ad- 
ditional improvement of two acres a year for 
each settler. 

A good, convenient meeting-house was to be 
built, as near the centre of the town as might be 



with convenience, within six years from the date 
of the grant, and ten acres reserved there for 
public use. 

All white-pine trees, fit for masting His Maj- 
esty's Royal navy, were granted to him and his 
heirs and successors forever. 

There was a proviso that, in case of any In- 
dian war happening within auy of the terms 
and limitations for doing the duty conditioned 
in the grant, the same time should be allowed 
for the respective matters after such impedi- 
ment should be removed. 

The township was accordingly divided into 
lots, making ten ranges running through it from 
east to west, with twenty-two lots in each range, 
or two hundred and twenty lots in all. The 
lots varied considerably, especially in length. 
They were drawn for on the first Tuesday of 
June, 1750. The seventy-one shares, of three 
lots each, would, of course, leave seven lots un- 
drawn. Some of these, though not all, were 
upon the Monadnock. 

The terms of settlement and the like, imposed 
by the grant, cannot have been complied with, 
to the extent specified, till certainly more than 
ten years later than the times prescribed. 
Whether the grantors dispensed with the condi- 
tions as to time, on the score of Indian wars ap- 
prehended, or for any other cause tacitly waived 
those conditions, or whether they granted an ex- 
tension of the times, does not appear. 

Of the first settlement of the town -but little 
is known with accuracy or certainty. The first 
settler was William Thornton, probably in the 
year 1852. His daughter, Molly Thornton, it 
is said, was the first child born in the township. 
He remained but a few years, — it is not known 
how long, — when he abandoned his settlement, 
it is supposed through fear of the Indians, and 
never returned. He was a brother of Matthew 
Thornton, who was the first named, as he was 
by far the most distinguished, of the proprietors 
of the township, and was much the largest land- 
owner in it, having, at one time, it would ap- 
pear, twenty-eight "shares, or eighty-four lots. 

The settlers who next came into the township 
were Scotch-Irish, as they were called, being 
the descendants of Scotch people who had settled 
in the north of Ireland, whence they came 
to this country, and established themselves at 
Londonderry and elsewhere, and, at a later 
date, settled in Peterborough and numerous 
other towns. As early as 1760, or thereabouts, 
there were in the town, of this description of 
persons, John Alexander, William McNee, 
Alexander Scott, and William Scott, his son; 
James Taggart, and his son, William Taggart ; 
and perhaps others. They came mostly from 
Peterborough. Henry Strongman came at a 
later day. With the exception of him, none of 
this class of settlers became permanent inhabit- 
ants of the township. They left probably at 
different times, but all prior to the year 1771, 
as none of them are found upon the tax -list of 
that year. Most or all of them returned to 
Peterborough. This William Scott is the same 
Captain William Scott, of Peterborough, who, in 
his youth, served in the French War, and who 
signalized himself by gallant achievements dur- 
ing the War of the Revolution, and by no less 
heroic deeds in scenes of danger afterwards. 

As early as 1762 several of the settlers from 
Sherborn, Mass., were in the township, and 
worked upon the roads. Probably none of 
them established themselves here that year. 
During the next two years several became per- 
manent inhabitants. Among the earliest settlers 
were Thomas Morse, Levi Partridge, William 
Greenwood, Samuel Twitchell, Joseph Twit- 
chell, Jr., Ivory Perry, Benjamin Mason, Moses 
Adams, Silas Stone and Eli Morse. 

Of the first settlers, Captain Thomas Morse 
appears to have been the leading man. He was 
doubtless the oldest person in the settlement, 
being sixty-three or sixty-four years of age 
when he came to reside here. He was a man of 
stability and force of character, and, it is said, 
of remarkable shrewdness. Withal, he was 
ardently attached to the cause of liberty. He 
was the first captain of the earliest military 



company in the town. His commission bore 
date June 2, 1774. 

From 1763 the population of the township 
increased with considerable rapidity. New 
settlers came in from various places, — Sherborm 
Natick, Medfield, Holliston, Framing-ham, 
Temple, Amherst and elsewhere. Of the ear- 
lier settlers, by far the greater number came 
from Sherborn. There is no means of ascer- 
taining what was the population of the town at 
any date prior to 1 775, when it was three hun- 
dred and five. A census of New Hamp- 
shire was taken in 1767 by the selectmen of 
each town and place; but there is no return 
from this township. There was probably no 
formal organization existing at that time, and 
consequently no officers to take the census. 

A political organization of the inhabitants 
was effected in 1768, as appears by a record 
among the old papers of the town, which 
recites that, "at a meeting of the inhabitants 
of Monadnock, Xo. 3, by order of the General 
Court," held November 16, 1768, John Goffe, 
Esq., moderator, the following officers were 
chosen : Moses Adams, Eli Morse, John Muz- 
zey, assessors ; Joseph ( Jreenwood, clerk ; Henry 
Strongman, collector; Moses Adams, commis- 
sioner of assessment. Appended, of the same 
date, is a certificate of the justice that the above 
officers were legally chosen, according to an act 
of the General Court, and were sworn to the 
faithful discharge of their respective offices. 
This John Goffe is presumed to have been 
Colonel John Goffe, of Bedford. The organi- 
zation thus established was preserved, and like 
officers were chosen annually, in March, till the 
town was incorporated. 

The incorporation of the town took place in 
March, 1771. The petition for the purpose, to 
the Governor of the province, appears to have 
been signed by Josiah Willard, Jr., as "the 
agent for and in behalf of the inhabitants and 
settlers." It sets forth, as the main ground of 
the application, that Dublin is rated among the 
towns and parishes in the province for the 

province tax, and that the place " is not legally 
qualified to raise and collect said taxes, whereby 
they may be construed delinquents if the same 
should be omitted." The petitioner also begs 
leave to suggest to Plis Excellency "that the 
said Dublin is presumed to be sufficiently in- 
habited and convenient for incorporation/' 
The petition was dated March 25th, and a char- 
ter was forthwith granted, bearing date the 29th 
of the same month. 

For his services in this behalf Mr. Willard 
received from the town thirty -two dollars, as 
appears by his receipt, dated Keene, October 
10, 1771. To meet this expenditure, the town, 
at the second town-meeting, held May 29, 
1771, made a specific appropriation, though it 
seems they had not got their ideas up fully to 
the exigency of the case, as the sum they appro- 
priated was less by two dollars and a half than 
the amount of the bill. Besides the money 
paid him by the town, he received, as is shown 
by his receipt, seven shillings and six-pence, 
" in full satisfaction for services done the pro- 
prietors of Dublin in obtaining a charter." 

The charter thus granted was, doubtless, sub- 
stantially the same as was usually granted to 
towns in those times. It issues in the name of 
" George the Third, by the grace of God, of 
Great Britain, France and Ireland, King, De- 
fender of the Faith, and so forth." - It contains 
a reservation of all white-pine trees upon the 
land "fit for the use of our Royal Navy." 
This reservation of pine ship-timber was in 
pursuance of acts of Parliament relating to the 
preservation of His Majesty's woods in America. 
We do not, however, learn that any requisition 
for the article was ever made upon the town- 
ship, either prior or subsequent to the act of 

The town was incorporated by the name of 
Dublin. In the petition for incorporation it is 
described as a tract of land "commonly called 
and known by the name of Dublin (or .Monad- 
nock, Xo. 3)." When or how long it had been 
commonly known by the name of Dublin does 



uot appear. Up to that time the name does 
not occur, so far as I have seen, in any of the 
papers of the proprietors or of the township. 
It is commonly understood that the town was 
named from Dublin, Ireland. Why it should 
have been is not obvious, as it is pretty mani- 
fest that, before the incorporation of the town, 
all the Scotch-Irish who had ever been resident 
in it had removed, with the exception of one, — 
Henry Strongman. But he, it is said, was born 
in Dublin, and that circumstance may have set- 
tled the point. At all events, it is just as hard 
to tell why it should not have been so named, 
since it must necessarily have some name, and 
it might as well be called Dublin as anything 

In the deed of grant from the proprietors 
the township was described as "North Monad- 
nock, or Number Three," the names being in 
the alternative. In the papers of the original 
proprietor's clerk, Joseph Blanchard, Jr., and 
others emanating from non-residents, it is styled, 
pretty uniformly, " The North Monadnock 
Township." By the residents it appears to 
have been called, commonly, " Monadnock, No. 
3." Sometimes the two designations were run 
together, making it " North Monadnock, No. 3." 

To understand why either the " North " or 
the " Number " should have been applied, it is 
to be borne in mind that " Monadnock " was a 
name of pretty extensive use in these regions. 
Thus, Rindge, otherwise called Rowley Canada, 
was Monadnock, No. 1 ; Jaffrcy, called Middle 
Monadnock, or sometimes Middletown, was 
Monadnock, No. 2 ; Dublin, or North Monad- 
nock, was Monadnock, No. 3 ; Fitzwilliam, 
Monadnock, No. 4 ; Marlborough, called orig- 
inally New Marlborough, was Monadnock, No. 
5 ; Nelson, formerly Packersfield, was Monad- 
nock, No. 6 ; Stoddard, which was Limerick, 
was, it is presumed, Monadnock, No. 7 ; and 
Washington, formerly Camden, was Monad- 
nock, No. 8. 

The meeting for the organization of the 
town, under the charter, was called, as provided 

in the instrument, by Thomas Morse, and was 
held May 6, 1771. Mr. Morse was moderator. 
The first Board of Selectmen, then chosen, were 
Thomas Morse, Henry Strongman and Benja- 
min Mason. Joseph Greenwood was chosen 
town clerk. 

Mr. Greenwood, for twenty years or more 
next after this time, was by far the most prom- 
inent business man in the town. He was town 
clerk in 1771, and from 177G for seventeen 
years successively, during which time he was 
also selectman ten years and town treasurer some 
part of the time. He represented Dublin in 
the convention of delegates which met at Ex- 
eter, May 17, 1775. He was likewise a noted 
schoolmaster. Furthermore, he was the first 
justice of the peace in the town. For some 
years they had been obliged to send for a jus- 
tice of the peace from a distance when one was 
required. In the treasurer's account, settled in 
1776, is found an item : " Paid Esq. Hale, for 
swearing town officers, two years, twelve shil- 
lings." Precisely when Mr. Greenwood was 
appointed does not appear ; but it was before 
May, 1777. 

At the second town-meeting, held May 29, 
1771, the town granted fifteen pounds for 
preaching. The money appears to have been ex- 
pended in the course of the summer, as, in Sep- 
tember of the same year, they voted to have a 
month's preaching that fall and granted nine 
pounds for the purpose. 

The whole number of voters in Dublin in 
1770 was only twenty-three. A list of these 
voters, certified by Joseph Twitchell and John 
Muzzey, two of the assessors of that year, con- 
tains the following names : Levi Partridge, 
Thomas Morse, Eli Morse, William Green- 
wood, Joseph Greenwood, Joseph Adams, Asa 
Norcross, Henry Strongman, Silas Stone, Ivory 
Perry, Samuel Twitchell, Moses Mason, Joel 
Wight, Joseph Twitchell, Ebenezer Twitchell, 
Reuben Morse, Daniel Morse, Benjamin Mason, 
Moses Adams, John Muzzey, Eleazer Twitch- 
ell, Joshua Lealand, Edward West Perry. 



The qualification for a voter at that period 

was " twenty pounds estate to one single rate, 

beside the poll." Following is tax-list for 1771 : 

£ s. d. 

"Levi Partridge 2 6 

Thomas Morse 3 10 6 

Eli Morse 3 1 6 

Joshua Lealand 12 6 

William Greenwood 3 7 

Joseph Adams 2 6 6 

Asa Norcross 1 15 

Joseph Greenwood 2 2 

Josiah Greenwood 14 6 

Caleb Hill. 11 6 

Henry Strongman 2 6 

Silas Stone.... 1 14 

Ivory Perry L 18 

Isaac Bond 3 

Samuel Twitchell 2 6 

Moses Mason 19 

Simeon Bui lard 15 

Joseph Twitchell 1 12 6 

Benjamin Learned 110 

Simeon Johnson 16 

Moses Johnson 13 6 

Ebenezer Twitchell 1 15 

Joseph Morse 14 

Eleazer Twitchell 13 

Reuben Morse 1 18 6 

Thaddeus Mason 1 14 

John Ranstead 18 

Daniel Morse 1 16 

Benjamin Mason 2 11 6 

Daniel Morse 1 10 6 

Moses Adams 4 8 

William Beal 110 

John Wight 19 6 

John Muzzey 1 17 

Elias Knowlton 1 6 

John Knowlton 12 6 

Robert Muzzey 18 

Ezra Twitchell 1 15 6 

Joseph Mason 10 

David Johnson 18 

Daniel Greenwood 18 

Jonathan Knowlton 18 

Samuel Ames, jun 4 

Daniel Wood 18 3 

Rufus Huntley 18 

Nathaniel Bates 18 

Gershom Twitchell 18 

Joseph Turner , 3 

Joseph Drury 4 

Benoni Death 16 

John Swan 4 

Caleb Greenwood 2 

Thomas Muzzey 18 

John Morrison 16 

"Sum total £72 18 6 

" Or 8246.42." 

The following is a list of prices in 1771 : 

" Dublin, July 10, 1777.— We, the subscribers, being 
appointed by the town of Dublin to state the prices 
of sundry commodities, transferrable from one person 

to another, having met and considered the matter, 
have resolved that the prices hereafter annexed shall 
be the prices for all such articles within our town, 
viz : — 

£ s. d. 

" Wheat, per bushel 6 

Rye and malt, per bushel 4 

Indian corn, per bushel 3 

Oats, per bushel 1 8 

Peas, per bushel 6 

Beans, per bushel 6 

Cheese, per pound 6 

Butter, per pound 9 

Carriage of salt, for every ten miles land 

carriage, per bushel 10 

Flax, per pound 10 

Sheep's wool, per pound 2 2 

Yarn stockings, per pair 6 

Men's all-wool cloth, well-dressed, per 

yard 8 

Men's farming labor, July and August, per 

month 3 

And by the day 3 

May, June and September, per month... 2 10 

And by the day 2 6 

April and October, per month 1 15 

And by the day 2 3 

February, March and November, per 

month 14 

And by the day 2 

December and January, per month 18 

Carpenters and house-joiners, per day 4 

Mill-wright and mason, per day 4 6 

Hay in the field, per ton 1 10 

Hay after secured, per ton 2 

Making men's shoes, per pair 3 

And others in proportion. 

Pasturing a horse, per week 2 

Pasturing oxen, per week 2 6 

Pasturing a cow, per week 10 

A yoke of oxen, per day's work 1 6 

Pasturing a horse, per night 8 

Keeping a horse by hay, per night 10 

Oxen a night by grass 1 

Oxen a night by hay 1 6 

Two quarts of oats 3 

A meal of victuals 10 

Lodging, per night 3 

Boarding a man, per week 6 

(rood flax-seed, per bushel 6 

" Henry Strongman, 
"William Greenwood 



Reuben Morse and Moses Adams, members 
of the above committee, did not sign the report. 




DUBLIN— (Continued). 


War of the Revolution — Resolutions of the Town — The Asso- 
ciation Test — Names of Signers— List of Soldiers— War 
of the Rebellion — Names of Soldiers. 

War of the Revolution. — The first refer- 
ence in the old town records to the War of the 
Revolution is under date of November 28, 
1774, when twelve pounds was voted for town 
stock of ammunition. 

In March, 1775, the town chose a Committee 
of Inspection, who were to see that the resolves 
of the Continental Congress were enforced. 

" Dublin, July 25, 1775. — Whereas the Committee 
of Inspection in this town have this day met to con- 
sider of the complaint made by Ebenezer Hill against 
Willard Hunt, wherein said Hill complains that said 
Hunt hath in an unjust manner seized his property 
in taking possession of some hay which he had on a 
meadow belonging to Samuel Ames, Jr.; and it ap- 
pears to us by evidence that the hay is Hill's property, 
and that Hunt hath seized on it in an unjust and vio- 
lent manner : 

" Therefore, Voted that said Hunt immediately de- 
sist and let said Hill enjoy his property, or he shall 
be treated as a disorderly person and an enemy to the 
peace and good order of society. 

" Voted that the above pass as a resolve of this com- 

" Benja Mason, Chairman." 

In March, 1776, the Continental Congress 
passed a resolve recommending to the several 
assemblies, conventions and councils, or Com- 
mittees of Safety, of the United Colonies, 
immediately to cause all persons to be dis- 
armed, within their respective colonies, who 
were notoriously disaffected to the cause of 
America, or who refused to associate to defend, 
by arms, the colonies against the hostile at- 
tempts of Great Britain. A copy of this reso- 
lution was transmitted to the selectmen of the 
several towns by the Committee of Safety for 
the colony of New Hampshire, with a circular 
from them bearing date April 12, 1776, of the 
following tenor : 

" In order to carry the unwritten Resolve of the 

honorable Continental Congress into execution, you 

are requested to desire all males above twenty-one 

years of age (lunatics, idiots and Negroes excepted), 

to sign the Declaration on this paper ; and, when so 

done, to make return thereof, together with the name 

or names of all who shall refuse to sign the same, to 

the General Assembly, or Committee of Safety of this 


"M. Weake, Chairman" 

The declaration referred to was as follows : 

" In consequence of the above Resolution of the 
Continental Congress, and to show our determination 
in joining our American brethren in defending the 
lives, liberties and properties of the inhabitants of the 
United Colonies: 

" We, the subscribers, do hereby solemnly engage 
and promise, that we will, to the utmost of our power, 
at the risk of our lives and fortunes, with arms, oppose 
the hostile proceedings of the British fleets and armies 
against the united American Colonies. 

" John Swan. Silas Stone, jun. 

Richard Gilchrest. Ezra Morse. 

Thomas Morse. Isaac Morse. 

Eli Morse. Isaac Bond. 

Joseph Greenwood. Silas Stone. 

Moses Adams. Thomas Alden. 

Daniel Morse. Josiah Greenwood. 

Joseph Twitchel. Moses Greenwood. 

Ebenezer Twitchel. James Rollins. 

Samuel Twitchel. James Chamberlain. 

Stephen Twitchel. Thomas Lewis. 

Simeon Johnson. Samuel Williams. 

Ivory Perry. Ebenezer Hill. 

Benjamin Learned. Abijah Twitchel. 

John Morse. Nathaniel Bate. 

Henry Strongman. William Strongman. 

Joseph Adams. William Yardley. 

Benjamin Mason. John Wight. 

William Greenwood. Thomas Muzzey. 

Levi Partridge. Moses Pratt. 

Timothy Adams. Gershom Twitchel. 

Eli Greenwood. Caleb Stanford. 

John Knowlton. Jabez Puffer. 

Simeon Bullard. Phinehas Stanford. 

John Muzzey. Nathan Burnap. 

Moses Johnson. Gershom Twitchel, jun. 

Reuben Morse. Gardner Town. 

Richard Strongman. Oliver Wright." 

Ithamer Johnson. 

Dublin had four men, at least, at Bunker 
Hill, namely : Jonathan Morse, Richard Gil- 



christ, Thomas Green and John Swan. The 
last-named of these, it is said by Mr. Dim- 
bar, in his " History of Peterborough," was on 
duty but not in the battle. Mr. Gilchrist prob- 
ably saved the life of his friend Green, who was 
severely wounded, tearing him off upon his 
back, in a fainting and almost expiring state, 
from the field of battle to Medford. Mr. Dun- 
bar puts down Gilchrist, Green and Swan as 
belonging to Peterborough. But they were all 
three taxed for a poll-tax in Dublin in 1775, 
and must, therefore, have resided here on the 
1st of April of that year. Mr. Gilchrist, it 
is presumed, never lived in Peterborough. 

John Swan was one of the most patriotic citi- 
zens of the town. 

Jonathan Morse must have been out during 
the greater part of the war. The author of the 
" Memorial of the Morses " represents him to 
have been in the battles of Bunker Hill, Ben- 
nington, Tieonderoga and Monmouth, and to 
have signalized himself by deeds of daring and 
acts of magnanimity, some of which he re- 
counts, and concludes with saying, " In short, 
Jonathan was so humane and honest, so rough 
and ready, that, had he lived to this time, he 
might have been President of the United 

Thomas Hardy was in the service for some 
time. There is a note given to him by the se- 
lectmen, on behalf of the town, dated April 17, 
1778, for sixty pounds, payable within ten 
months ; and one of like amount, date and tenor, 
to Jonathan Morse. 

In April, 1777, the town voted "to give one 
hundred dollars to each man sent for to this 
town to join the three battalions now raising in 
this State." 

In August of the same year they made a con- 
tribution of " material aid " to the cause, which, 
though not of great magnitude, was of a kind 
to make some noise in the camp. The receipt 
shows what it was : 

" Dublin, August 3, 1777. Received of the Com- 
mittee of this town, two tin kittles, for the yuse of 

Genral Starks Briggade, Prised 14 shillings. Re- 
ceived by me, 

"Samson Powers." 

At the March meeting, in 1779, a committee 
was chosen to hire three soldiers for the Con- 
tinental battalions during the war. The sol- 
diers were not forthcoming, it would seem. Iu 
February, 1781, a committee was chosen to hire 
the town's quota of men, to serve in the Con- 
tinental army for three years, or during the 
war, and empowered to engage, on behalf of the 
town, for payment of their hire. 

The three soldiers appear to have been found, 
eventually. One was Jonathan Morse ; one 
was John Stone. The terms on which the lat- 
ter was hired appear, in part, from a receipt 
given by him to the committee. It is dated 
March 19, 1781, and sets forth that whereas he 
had received from the committee three notes (the 
amount of them is not stated), for which he was 
to serve three years in the Continental army, 
unless sooner discharged, he promises that, if he 
does not serve above six months, he will have 
the contents of but one note ; if not above eigh- 
teen months, the contents of but two notes ; and 
if he is gone two years, he will have but two 
notes. Mr. Stone probably died in the war or 
soon after its close, as in December, 1788, 
the town passed a vote, " that the selectmen 
make such consideration to the widow Stone as 
they may think reasonable, on account of the 
advantage the town had of the depreciation ot 
her late husband's wages," — a very proper and 
honorable vote, certainly. 

The other soldier was probably Hart Balch, 
as we find that in November, 1787, the town 
voted him five dollars for the damage he had 
sustained by not having the land cleared ac- 
cording to bargain, which the town was to clear 
for him for his service done in the army. There 
is also a receipt of his, dated April 26, 1784, 
acknowledging the receipt from the town of 
keeping for a cow, fire-wood and house-room 
for one year. 

It was a part of the arrangement, that the 
soldiers' work upon their land, and the like, 



" beef-tax ; " 
was passed 

should be carried on iu their absence by the 
town. In April, 1781, a committee was chosen 
to appraise the labor to be done for the soldiers 
for the year, and to divide the town into classes, 
" so that each man may know what he is to do 
and where to do it," — a very practical, common- 
sense reason. The same course was pursued in 
subsequent years. In 1783 the town voted to 
receive rye, at five shillings a bushel, for pay- 
ing the soldiers' hire. Rye, by the way, was 
common currency in those days. Not only did 
private individuals make their contracts payable 
in that article, but the town treasurer frequently 
gave and received, on behalf of the town, notes 
and obligations payable in the same way. 

To provide the means of supporting its sol- 
diers in the army, it became necessary for the 
State to levy taxes upon the towns. Some- 
times the taxation was in the nature of raising 
a stated amount of specific articles, instead 
of money. Thus, they had a 
and in August, 1781, an act 
for supplying the Continental army with ten 
thousand gallons of West India rum, — of which 
the share assessed upon Dublin was forty-six 
and a half gallons. Any town neglecting sea- 
sonably to furnish its proportion was to for- 
feit " one Spanish milled dollar or other silver 
or gold equivalent, for each gallon in arrears." 
Instead of the West India, " good New Eng- 
land rum, in the proportion of six quarts of 
the latter to one gallon of the former," might 
be furnished as a substitute. It appears that 
Dublin, for some cause, failed to furnish its 
proportion of the article, — as the receipt of a 
deputy sheriif shows the payment, at a subse- 
quent time, by one of the selectmen, of the 
amount of the town's " rum-tax and cost," 
upon an extent, or execution. We can hardly, 
in view of the prevailing sentiments and 
customs of the times, pay our ancestors the 
compliment of supposing that their omission 
to provide the article, in specie, arose from any 
conscientious scruples on their part, as to the 
propriety of the use of it. 

The following is a list of Revolutionary sol- 
diers from this town : 

John Swan. 
Richard Gilchrest. 
Thomas Greem 
Thomas Morse. 
John Morse. 
Henry Strongman. 
AVilliam Greenwood. 
Eli Greenwood. 
Reuben Morse; 
Richard Strongman. 
Ithamer Johnson. 
Ezra Morse. 
James Chamberlain. 

Nathaniel Bates. 
Samuel Twitchell. 
Lieut. Robert Muzzey. 
Hart Balch. 
James Mills. 
Joshua Greenwood (1). 
Jonathan Morse. 
Micah Morse. 
Micah Morse (1) 
Jabez Puffer. 
Thomas Hardy. 
John Stone. 
Benjamin Mason. 


DUBLIN— {Continued). 


Unitarian Church — Congregational Church — Physicians- 
Masonic — Post-Office — Social Library — Civil History- 
Town Clerks from 1771 to 1886 — Representatives from 
1790 to 1886. 

The First Congregational Society 
(Unitarian). — The first meeting-house was 
built by the proprietors by taxes Assessed upon 
their shares; At their first meeeting held in 
the township, in September, 1764, they fixed 
the place where the meeting-house should stand 
" by marking a tree and cutting down several 
small trees, near the east line of the eleventh 
lot in the sixth range, where the land is to be 
set off for the purpose, as also for a burying- 
place and training-field." The spot thus selected, 
and on which the meeting-house was eventually 
built, is upon the high ground, across the old 
road, northerly from the burying-groundi 
Nothing appears to have been done about the 
matter the next year, and nothing the year suc- 
ceeding, beyond choosing a committee to measure 
off the ten acres and put up bounds. 

A meeting of the proprietors in May, 1767, 
is stated to have been " warned by Reuben 
Kidder, Esq., a justice of the peace, according 



to law." He lived in New Ipswich, and at- 
tended and presided at the meeting, at an ex- 
pense to the proprietors of eight shillings, as 
appears by his receipt. Probably the import- 
ance of the business to be transacted induced 
them to take this precaution in order to pre- 
vent all chance for calling in question the 
validity of their doings. At this meeting they 
voted to build a meetiug-house "fifty feet long, 
thirty-eight feet wide, and proportionable as to 
the height, " and chose Moses Adams, Henry 
Strongman and William Greenwood a com- 
mittee " to take care to effect the work." 
They also voted to raise four dollars by tax 
on each right, to build the meeting-house. 

They were not precipitate in entering upon 
the work, however, it would seem ; siuce, at 
their next meeting, which was in December, 
1768, more than a year and a half afterwards, 
they tried a vote to see if the proprietors would 
reconsider their former vote relating to the 
dimensions of the meeting-house. But they re- 
fused to reconsider, and voted to build the 
house of the former dimensions, and also raised 
three dollars more on each share towards build- 
ing it. 

In February, 1771, they granted five dollars 
on each right to carry on the building of 
the meeting-house. These three assessments, 
amounting to twelve dollars on a share, or six 
hundred dollars in the whole, are all the money 
ever raised by the proprietors for the purpose. 

The proprietors of the township had expended 
about six hundred dollars upon the meeting- 
house by the year 1773. In April of that year 
they voted not to raise any more money at pres- 
ent for that purpose. This was the last meeting 
held by the proprietors, until, ten years later, 
September 11, 1783, a meeting was called " to 
see if the proprietors would finish building the 
meeting-house, or give it to the town ; " and it 
was voted to give it to the town as their prop- 

At a town-meeting, held October 13th of the 
same year, it was voted to accept of the meet- 

ing-house as a donation from the proprietors. 
At the same time they voted to finish the house 
and sell the pew-ground in it, except one pew on 
the right hand of the pulpit. Precisely how 
much had been done to the meeting-house up to 
that time is not known. Doubtless it was only 
rough -boarded upon the outside. The pew- 
ground was planned out in 1773 ; but it is pre- 
sumed that no pews were built, and probably 
no pulpit till after the house came into the 
possession of the town. It had then been used 
for a meeting-house some twelve years, and Mr. 
Sprague had been settled six years. 

The pew-ground, as it was termed, which was 
the space upon the floor on which the pews were 
to be built, was sold, in separate lots, to the 
highest bidder, with the restrictions that no 
man be allowed to purchase a pew-lot but an 
inhabitant of the town ; that the purchasers 
build the pews uniform, with handsome panel- 
work and a handsome banister on the top ; that 
pews on the walls of the house the owners 
should ceil up as high as the bottom of the 
windows; and that the floor of the pews should 
not be raised above eight inches from the floor 
of the house. The purehaser was required to 
build his pew when called on by the committee 
appointed to finish the meeting-house, or he 
forfeited his lot. There was a further provision 
in these words : " Every person that owns a 
pew shall occupy no other seat in the meeting- 
house until his pew be as full seated as is com- 
fortable for those that seat it ; and, if any per- 
son owns more than one pew, he shall not shut 
it up and keep people from sitting in it. 

The amount expended at this time appears, 
from a paper entitled "The Account of what 
the Committee have laid out toward finishing 
the Meeting-House," to have been about six 
hundred dollars, — about the same sum that was 
originally laid out upon it. But this seems no 
to have fully satisfied everybody, since, in 
1788, we find, in the town-meeting warrant, an 
article, "to see what method the town will 
take to finish the meeting-house." The article 



was, however, passed over "to some future 
meeting," and it is a grave question, — if, indeed, 
there be any question about it, — whether, in fact, 
the meeting-house was ever finished at all. 

The meeting-house was occupied in the win- 
ter of 1771. 

In 1808 it was voted " to build a new meet- 
ing-house," and a committee of nine were cho- 
sen " to pitch upon a place to set the meeting- 
house." This committee consisted of Samuel 
Twitch ell, Esq., Asa Fisk, Jr., Eli Greenwood, 
Phinehas Gleason, David Townsend, Isaac Ap- 
pleton, Thaddeus Morse, Esq., John Morse and 
Aaron Appleton. They were required to make 
their report in August. No report was made 
in August, but in March, 1809, an article was 
inserted in the warrant " to see what method 
the town will take to agree where the new 
meeting-house shall be built, or act anything 
relating thereto." The article was dismissed. 
In March, 1810, the article was " to see if the 
town will build a new meeting-house, or repair 
the old one." This article met the same fate as 
that of 1809 ; but in August, 1810, the town 
chose " Esq. Griffin, of Packersfield ; Esq. 
Farrar, of Marlborough; Esq. Gates, of Han- 
cock ; Lieut. Buss, of Jaifrey ; and Mr. Oliver 
Carter, of Peterborough, to pitch upon a spot 
for the meeting-house to stand upon in this 
town." This committee reported November 
26th, same year, and their report was accepted ; 
but the record does not say what spot they 
pitched upon for said meeting-house ; but it is 
supposed to have been north of Joseph Apple- 
ton's blacksmith-shop. At an adjourned meet- 
ing, November 28th, the town voted " to do 
something relative to building a new meeting- 
house." What w r as meant by " something" in 
the foregoing vote is manifest from the succeed- 
ing votes: " Voted to choose a committee to let 
out the putting-up of a frame for a meeting- 
house. Richard Gilchrest, Thaddeus Morse 
and Aaron Appleton were chosen for said com- 
mittee Voted that the frame should be raised 
one year from next June. Voted that the said 

committee provide suitable underpinning stones 
and door-steps ; likewise materials suitable to 
cover the outside of the frame, and to have it 
done the same season that the frame is put up. 

Voted that the committee have liberty to get 
timber on the town's lands. Voted that the 
selectmen procure a deed of the meeting-house 

From this time until 1817 the town was in 
a constant turmoil in relation to the site for the 
new meeting-house. It was finally located on 
School-House Hill, and was completed in 1818. 
This was used until 1852, when the present 
church was erected. 

The first pastor of the church was Rev. Jo- 
seph Farrar, who was ordained June 10, 1772, 
and remained until June 7, 1776. He was 
succeeded by Rev. Edward Sprague, November 
12, 1777, who remained until his death, in 1817. 
Rev. Levi Leonard was ordained September 6, 
1820. (He was author of the "History of 
Dublin," an excellent work of over four hun- 
dred pages, published in 1855.) He was suc- 
ceeded, in 1855, by Rev. William F. Bridge, 
who remained until 1865. Rev. George M. 
Rice was pastor from 1866 to 1881. Rev. 
H. D. Catlin was settled in 1881 and is the 
present pastor. 

Congregational Church. — In conse- 
quence of a disagreement of a number of the 
members of the First Church with the doctrines 
of Rev. Mr. Leonard, they requested, in 1827, 
letters of dismission, which were granted, and 
November 21, 1827, the present Congregational 
Church was organized with the following mem- 
bers : Stephen J. Woods, Abijah Richardson, 
Thomas Hay, Luke Richardson, Martha 
Woods, Lucy Hardy, Rebekah Hay and 
Elizabeth Richardson. 

While the Second Congregational Society oc- 
cupied the meeting-house their proportion of the 
year, the town refused to grant them the use of 
the town hall ; but, in 1829, the town " Voted that 
the Second Congregational Society have leave 
to occupy the Town Hall twelve Sabbaths, and 



that the First Congregational Society have the 
same privilege." 

In March, 1830, the vote of the town was, 
" that the Trinitarian Congregational Society in 
Dublin have leave to occupy the Town Hall 
for purposes of religious worship the ensuing 
year, on condition that they relinquish their 
privilege of occupying the new meeting-house 
on Sabbath-days, and insure the Town-House 
from injury by reason of their occupying the 
same." The society took the hall with the 
above condition, and occupied it till their brick 
church was completed, in 1836. In the mean 
time different preachers were employed. The 
Rev. Samuel Harris remained as the hired pas- 
tor two years. The church was dedicated in 
1836, and the sermon on the occasion was 
preached by the Rev. Dr. Bouton, of Concord, 
N. H. Rev. James Tisdale, who graduated at 
Brown University, Rhode Island, was engaged 
in the summer of 1836, and remained three years. 
The pastors since that time have been as fol- 
lows; Henry A. Kimball, 1840-50; Alonzo 
Hayes, 1851-53; E. F. Abbott, 1855-61; 
Nathan Sheldon, 1861 ; Oscar Bissell, 1862- 
63 ; Andrew J. Fosdick, 1867-69 ; Amos Hol- 
brook, 1872-73; John Bassett, 1875; Richard 
M. Burr, 1877-78; George B. Cutler, June 1, 
1884, — present incumbent. 

Physicians. — The first physician in Dublin 
was Nathan Burnap, in 1776. Others have 
been, — "Ward Eddy, A. Maynard, Benjamin 
Hills, Samuel Hamilton, Moses Kidder, S. H. 
Spalding, Asa Heald, Daniel Carter, J. H. 
Foster, S. S. Stickney, Dr. Eaton, R. N. Porter, 
J. G. Parker. 

Masonic. — Altemont Lodge No. 26 was char- 
tered June 14, 1815, with the following mem- 
bers : Amos Heald, Stephen Harrington, Rich- 
ard Strong, Adam Johnson, Levi Fisk, Joseph 
Havward, Jr., Asa Fisk, Benjamin Hills and 
Alexander Millikin. A dispensation from the 
Grand Lodge of New Hampshire "empowered 
the said Amos Heald and others to assemble at 
Dublin as a Lodge of Masons, to perfect them- 

selves in the several duties of Masonry, to make 
choice of officers, to make regulations and by- 
laws, and to admit candidates in the first degree 
of Masonry, all according to ancient customs of 
Masonry, and to be called Altemont Lodge." 
This warrant of dispensation was to continue in 
full force and authority till the second Wednes- 
day of June, Anno Lucis 5816, unless the lodge 
was sooner installed. The first meeting, by 
virtue of this dispensation, was held at Free- 
masons' Hall in Dublin, July 3, a.l. 5815. 

The first officers were Amos Heald, Mas- 
ter; Stephen Harrington, Senior Warden; 
Richard Strong, Junior Warden ; Asa Fisk, 
Treasurer ; Peter Tuttle, Secretary ; Levi Fisk, 
Senior Deacon ; William Warren, Junior Dea- 
con ; Aaron Lawrence, Joseph Gowing, Stew- 
ards ; David Ames, Jr., Tiler. 

May 7, a.l. 5816, it was " Voted to exclude 
the use of ardent spirit in this lodge, and substi- 
tute therefor crackers, cheese and cider." 

The lodge was subsequently removed to Peter- 
borough. The post-office in Dublin was estab- 
lished 1810 or 1814, with Cyrus Chamberlain, 

The Dublin Social Library was established 
in 1793. 

Schools were held in the town at an early 
day, but the first school-houses were not erected 
until 1778, when it was voted to build two. 

Civil History. — The following is a list of 
town clerks from 1771 to 1886 : 

Joseph Greenwood, 1771, '72, '76, '77, 78, '79, '80, 
'81, '82, '83, '84, '85, '86, '87, '88, '89, '90, '91, '92. 

Eli Morse, 1773, '74, '75. 

James Ernes, 1793. 

Andrew Allison, 1794, '95, '96, '97. 

Cyrus Chamberlain, 1798 to 1826 and 1834. 

Joseph Appleton, 1826, '27, '28, '29, '30, '31. 

Thomas Fiske, 1832, '33. 

Dexter Mason, 1835, '36, '37, '38, '39, '40, '41, '42. 

Asa Heald, 1843, '44, '45. 

Ebenezer Greenwood, 1846 to 1859. 

James A. Mason, 1859. 

Warren L. Fiske, 1860, '61, '62, '63, '(54, '65, '66, 
'67, '69, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, '80, '81, '82, 
'83, '84, '85. 


~ B *g*'byA 

£&Ud4L & c&il/tl^ 



Thomas Fisk, 1868, 71, '72. 
Walter Harris, 1870. 

The following is a list of representatives 
from 1790 to 1886: 

charming view of the Lyndeborough Moun- 
tains and the intervening distance. The at- 
tractions are appreciated by numerous visitants, 
whose numbers are increasing annually. 

Reuben Morse, 1790. 

Samuel Twitchell, 1792, '93, '94, '95, '96, '97. 
Thaddeus Mason, 1795, '96, '97, 1800. 
John Morse, 1798, '99, 1809. 

Isaac Appleton, 1801, '02, '03, '04, '05, '06, '07, 
'12, '16, '17. 
Andrew Allison, 1808, '18. 
Samuel Hamilton, 1810, '11, '13, '14, '15. 
Moses Marshall, 1819. 
John Taggart, 1820. 

Joseph Appleton, 1822, '23 ; '24, '25, '26. 
Samuel Adams, 1827, '28. 
Rufus Piper, 1829, '30, '31, '38, '40. 
John K. Smith, 1832, '33, '34, '39. 
Richard Strong, 1835, '36, '37. 
Calvin Mason, 1841, '42. 
Moses Marshall, 1843, '44, '45, '46. 
Thomas Fisk, 1847, '57, '58. 
Cyrus Frost, 1848, '49. 
Jacob Gleason, 1850, '51. 
Lovell Harris, 1852. 
Thaddeus Morse, 1853, '54. 
Dexter Mason, 1855, '56. 
Aaron Smith, 1859, '60, '64, '65, '66, '69, '70. 
Calvin Mason, 1861. 
Milan W. Harris, 1862, '63. 
Henry C. Piper, 1867, '68. 
Jesse R. Appleton, 1871, '72. 
James Allison, 1873, '74. 
Walter J. Greenwood, 1875, '76. 
Henry D. Learned, 1877, 78, '83, '84. 
Charles W. Cowing, 1879, '80. 
Warren L. Fiske, 1881, '82. 

1885, not entitled to send a representative, — prorata 

Dublin as a Summer Resort. — The high 
altitude, the invigorating atmosphere and the 
delightful scenery have caused Dublin to be- 
come quite noted as a summer resort. Many 
literary people find it a healthful place in which 
to rest, and several residents of New York 
City and Boston have erected elegant summer 
residences under the shadow of Mount Monad- 
nock, upon the shores of the beautiful pond 
and in the village, from which is presented a 



The Appleton family is well known in New 
England and elsewhere, and many of its mem- 
bers are successful men in law, letters and lu- 
cre. Their names stand side by side with those 
of Lawrence, Adams and others prominent in 

Jesse Ripley Appleton is a descendant in the 
seventh generation from Samuel Appleton, who 
came from England in 1636. Samuel (2), his 
son, was eleven years old at the time. Isaac 
(3), fifth child of Samuel (2), was born in 1664, 
at Ipswich, Mass. Isaac (4), his third child, 
was born in 1704, at Ipswich ; he married Eliz- 
abeth Sawyer. His son, Francis (5), married, 
had children, among them Francis, born May 
28, 1759, at Ipswich, and Jesse, who became 
president of Bowdoin College. Francis (6), 
when about twelve years of age, removed to 
New Ipswich with his parents, but, in 1786, he 
settled in Dublin, N. H., and after three years 
he married, June 2, 1789, Mary Ripley, a de- 
scendant of William Ripley, the English emi- 
grant, who came to America and settled in 
Hingham, Mass., in 1635, and died in 1656. 
He had children, — John and Abraham. The 
line to Mrs. Appleton is William (1), John (2), 
Peter (3), Peter (4), Noah (5), who married 
Lydia Kent, (She had nineteen children, of 
whom seventeen lived to maturity. Mrs. Ly- 
dia Ripley died in 1816, aged ninety-one, 
leaving thirteen children, one hundred and five 
grandchildren and ninety-six great-grandchil- 
dren). Mary was the fifteenth child ; she was born 
! September 3, 1766, and died August 2, 1840. 



Francis Apple-ton made a home for himself 
and his wife on a lot of land worth about sev- 
enty dollars, given him by his father. He 
felled the trees and cleared the land by persist- 
ent and laborious exertions, and brought good, 
cultivated fields out of the tangled wilderness, 
and became a farmer, as agriculture was the 
principal occupation of the people of the last 
century, — steady, industrious, solid citizens. Mr. 
Appleton and his \vife,soon after their marriage, 
became members of the First Congregational 
Church, and, in 1795, Mr. Appleton was chosen 
deacon, which office he held thirty-six years 
consecutively. The following from the church 
records is worthy of place : " November 6, 
1831. At a meeting of the church, after divine 
service, Deacon Francis Appleton tendered his 
resignation, upon which the following resolu- 
tion, offered by J. K. Smith, was passed unani- 
mously : Resolved, That in consideration of the 
long and faithful services rendered this church 
by Francis xVppleton, in the office of deacon, 
his request to tender his resignation be accepted, 
and that, while we express to him our regret for 
his determination, we also express our gratitude 
and thankfulness for the fidelity with which he 
lias discharged the duties pertaining to his office." 
Deacon Appleton was a quiet, unostentatious 
man, temperate, possessed of good common 
sense and eminent for his piety. His death 
occurred July 16, 1849. The children of Fran- 
cis and Mary (Ripley) Appleton were Mary, 
born September 22, 1792, married, February 16, 
1813, Jonathan Warren ; Betsey, born Febru- 
ary 12, 1795, died September 11, 1798; Ash- 
ley, born December 23, 1796, married, January 
27, 1X2::, Nancy, daughter of Captain Thad- 
deus Metcalf, of Keene ; Francis Gilman, born 
February 24, 1799, married, September 29, 
1825, Mary Hay ward ; Eliza, born May 28, 
1801, married John Gould, of New Ipswich 
(they both died in 1840) ; Serena, born June 1, 
1804, married, June 2s, L 823, Thaddeus Morse, 
Jr.; Sophia, born November 15, L 806, mar- 
ried, April 13, 1841, Thomas Fisk ; Jesse Rip- 

ley Appleton, youngest child, was born April 
25, 1809, in Dublin, and married, April 13, 
1841, Louisa, daughter of Thaddeus and Ly- 
dia (Perry) Mason. She died November 3, 
1844. He married, second, March 11, 1852, 
Abbie Sophia, daughter of Calvin and Rebecca 
(Kendall) Mason. (The Mason family is an 
old and highly respected one in New England.) 
Their children were Ellen R., born November 
30, 1853, died September 14, 1859, and Charles 
F., born April 6, 1856, married Lillian G., 
daughter of Corydon and Abbie G. (Piper) 
Jones. They have two surviving children, — 
Ellen E. and Arthur T. 

Jesse Appleton was an apt and diligent schol- 
ar, and was making good progress in his studies 
when they were interrupted by a temporary 
loss of his voice, and out-of-door work seemed 
the best remedy. He left school, became a 
farmer, and succeeded to his father's estate in 
1834, and has occupied the old homestead since, 
making many changes and improvements. Mr. 
Appleton became a member of the church be- 
fore he was twenty-five years old, and has been 
closelv identified with it for many vears and is 
known as an earnest and efficient Sunday-school 
worker. He was chosen deacon in 1852, which 
office he still holds. He contributes liberally to 
religious and benevolent objects. He has been 
a life member of the Unitarian Association, of Bos- 
ton, for many years, and is one of its generous 
contributors. He was a delegate to the Associa- 
tion at New York, where was organized the 
National Unitarian Conference ; his colleagues 
were Rev. Mr. Bridge and Colonel Jonathan 
K.Smith. From the inception of the Abolition 
movement Mr. Appleton was in close accord 
with it, as he believed the holding of human 
beings in bondage a grievous national sin, and 
consequently he has been a devoted Republican 
from the advent of that party into power, and 
as such was representative for the town of 
Dublin in the State Legislature for the term of 

Mr. Appleton is a quiet, retiring man, of un- 

' ^ ^ ' < ' r /f. r>J C /-A<.« 



assuming manners, in accord with the better 
class of the community in all matters tending 
to advance or improve the interests of his 
native town. Intelligent, thoughtful, fond of 
investigation, he keeps himself informed on all 
matters of public moment, and ever gives his 
support and assistance to those movements his 
careful proving shows to be for the public weal. 
It is from such and through such men that the 
perpetuity of republican institutions is assured 
in this country. No idea of personal advance- 
ment or striving for notoriety swerves them 
from following the right, and it is a satisfaction 
to record that the class of which he is a good 
type is not a small one, but embraces the truly 
patriotic and thinking men all over our land. 
Mr. Appleton is especially happy in his domes- 
tic relations, with an amiable and Christian 
wife as his co-worker and assistant in all good 


Of all those born in Dublin, the man of the 
most original and largely endowed mind was 
Amos Twitchell. His native faculties, his deep 
intuitions, his keen and quick perceptions and 
his wonderful fertility of resources would have 
given him anywhere in the world a foremost 
place among the most distinguished men of his 
profession. But down to the present period, the 
most valuable citizen of Dublin, the man of the 
most varied and important practical attainments, 
the man of the widest and truest culture, the man 
who has done more than any other for the intel- 
lectual, moral and religious advancement and 
elevation of the people, was Levi W. Leonard. 
He was born in Bridgewater (South Parish), 
Mass., June 1, 1790, and died in Exeter, N. H., 
the 12th day of December, 1864. His early 
years were spent on his father's farm, but an 
accident unfitting him for the severe labors of 
the farm, he engaged in the, to him, more con- 

L With an introduction by Rev. John H. Morison, D.D. 

genial pursuits of a student. He was graduated 
at Harvard University in 1815, having held a 
high position in a class greatly distinguished 
for intellectual ability and scholarship. He was 
graduated at the Cambridge Divinity School in 
1818, and was two years the preceptor of Bridge- 
water Academy. Early in the spring of 1820 
he was asked to supply the pulpit in Dublin a 
few weeks. Considering the position he already 
held as a young man of uncommon ability and 
promise, it was said to him, " You will not wish 
to stay long, much less to settle." His reply indi- 
cated the deeper and more sterling qualities of 
his nature, in the leading idea of service, by 
which his life was governed. 

" I will go," he said. " Moreover, if I can 
serve them, if I can do good, should they give 
me a call, I will settle." The call was given, 
and on the 6th day of September, 1820, he be- 
came the minister of the First Congregational 
Church and Society in Dublin, and continued 
in the office more than a third of a century. 

In the pulpit, in the homes of his people, in 
the fields and by the waysides, as well as in his 
home, he pursued his manifold studies, and dis- 
pensed his rich and varied instructions. He 
wrote in a clear, compact style, using no super- 
fluous words, and never wearying his people by 
the undue length of his services. His appear- 
ance in the pulpit was that of one too deeply 
impressed by the responsibility of his position, 
and too much absorbed in his subject, to care or 
think about anything else. There was evidently 
no thought of himself, — the sweet token of hu- 
mility, — or if any such thought did occur, his 
manner would indicate an almost painful sense 
of his own inefficiency. Yet there was evidence 
of a thorough knowledge of his subject, and a 
decided conviction of the truth and importance 
of what he was saying. His intellectual and 
moral faculties and attainments were of them- 
selves such that he could not speak otherwise 
than with authority, though without the least 
tincture of dogmatism. 

His devotion to his people, his all-absorbing 



interest in them and whatever related to their 
well-being:, and his eonstant efforts to do them 
good in every walk of life, especially his intelli- 
gent and loving intercourse with the young, and 
his labors for them and with them, gave him 
an influence and made him "a power working 
for righteousness," such as it is the privilege of 
very few men to attain to. The only instance 
corresponding to this of Dr. Leonard, that I 
have ever known, is that of Dr. Joseph Allen, 
of Xorthborough, Mass. From 1822 to 1853 — 
thirty-one years — Dr. Leonard's name appears 
in the town records at the head of the school 
committee. And it is not too much to say that 
(hiring the whole period he was the guiding 
mind and ruling spirit in whatever was done to 
produce the extraordinary advancement then 
made by the common schools of Dublin. In the 
report of 1850-51 he says, " The reading of this 
report closes the thirtieth year in which the 
chairman of your committee has been engaged 
in superintending the schools in this town. He 
has made to them more than a thousand visits. 
It has been a labor which he loved, and it will 
ever remain a source of gratifying recollection. 
He has not labored alone and unaided. . . . 
Let the same harmonious action and the same 
spirit of improvement continue for another thirty 
years, and your schools will be so perfected that 
the period just closed will seem like a day of 
small things." 

Plow he labored among his people, doing for 
them the work which he loved to do, endearing 
himself to them, and inducing them to join him 
in his work of moral and intellectual improve- 
ment, till it had become to them also a labor of 
love, we may best learn from one who was 
born under his ministry, and who preached his 
funeral sermon. That sermon, by the Rev. J. 
C. Learned, then of Exeter, now of St. Louis, 
Mo., lets one into the secret of his influence, 
showing us the man and his work. Indeed, the 
man and his work were one. What he taught, 
that he did and that he was. " I prefer to 
speak of the man, less as the preacher of sermons, 

or as the author of educational works, or of 
contributions to natural science, or as the mover 
of benevolent associations, more as he appeared 
in his daily life. 

" The good man — as he lived and still lives in 
the hearts of his people ; the Christian man — 
whose graces made him honored by all who 
knew him, whose very presence seemed a regen- 
erating atmosphere, whose example was so spot- 
less that he seemed conformed to the image of 
the Master. 

"In this town Dr. Leonard has been pre-emi- 
nently one of the people. He was interested in 
their pursuits. Not neglecting his own profes- 
sion, he knew something of all others. The 
lawyer thought he must have studied jurispru- 
dence. He knew more of teaching than the 
teachers. He knew more of mechanism than the 
mechanics. And it was not long before the farm- 
ers found out that he knew more of agriculture 
and horticulture than they. So they were glad 
to seek his counsel. And no one came away 
without valuable suggestions; for, aside from 
his own accurate observations, the best periodi- 
cals and the latest books on science found their 
way into his library. There was no austerity in 
his manner to repel the humblest from approach- 
ing him ; there was no obtrusiveness to make 
anyone feel that his advice must be acted upon, 
however freely given. Men were not slow to 
learn the value of his caution and sagacity. 

"Measures concerning the public interests of 
the town, if he did not originate them, were 
brought to him for his indorsement. Before 
they were set on foot they were talked over and 
modified in his study. And when there arose 
causes of dispute between neighbors, or of 
alienation in families, to whom could they more 
confidentially appeal than to him? Each felt him 
so much a personal friend that there was no fear 
of favoritism. All believed in his kindness and 
uprightness and impartiality. He seemed a 
physician for their private griefs, and many 
times, more times than any of us can ever know, 
did this faith make them whole. 



"He was a most ardent and true lover of chil- 
dren. You may infer from this what power he 
would obtain over the young in so long a minis- 
try. It was a natural instinct with him. His 
heart could not help reaching out after the little 
ones ; and w r hen once he had known them he 
never forgot them. Last summer he told me — 
and no one who knew him here, where he labor- 
ed so long, will doubt me — that when he went 
away from you there was no child of four years 
old in all the town whom he could not have 
called by name. And well do you know how 
greatly he won both their love and their respect. 
Never have I heard a young person who was 
a native of this town speak of him but with 
reverence. How could it be otherwise where his 
name had been a household word for more than 
a generation ? For more than thirty years, alike 
in summer's heat and winter's cold, he saw these 
children in their several schools. He knew 
what they studied ; he watched their progress ; 
he cared for them with a parental solicitude, as 
though in some sense they were a household en- 
trusted to his influence. Every child knew him 
and was glad to see him, for he never went away 
without leaving some word of encouragement. 

"Latterly, as I have seen him often and talked 
with him, I have thought there were no children 
to him like Dublin children. Enfeebled in body 
as he had been for some time, his mind corre- 
spondingly lessened in its activity, he seemed to 
dwell much with the past. And the young men 
and the young women of this town — where they 
were and what they were doing — furnished a 
theme which never failed to arouse his interest 
and call forth his emotion. As I said before, 
he never forgot them. Often and often, have I 
been surprised to find how far out into the world 
he had traced them. Not unfrequently has he 
been able to tell me the fortunes or the fate of my 
own school-mates whom I had almost forgotten. 
And when a boy or a girl had done well, or 
their characters blossomed out with promise, it 
made the eye of the feeble old man grow bright, 
there came an honest pride to his heart — it was 

as though he shared the honor. And, my 
friends, it does not seem to me too much to say, 
that if any youth who has gone out from this 
community has won for himself a noble name 
or a lofty character, he is a debtor in no mean 
degree to the influence of that spirit which has 
so recently freed itself from the bondage of this 
mortal clay. 

"About a year and a half ago, after an absence 
of considerable time from these scenes of his life- 
work, he revisited them, you remember, for the 
last time. Almost worn out with exhaustion 
from the long stage-ride over the hills, unable 
to descend the coach-steps without help, he spied a 
little boy standing upon the threshold of the house 
near by where we stopped, when, forgetful of 
his weakness, away he tottered, his face all ra- 
diant with his accustomed smile, to take him by 
the hand and ask him who he was, for the mo- 
ment less mindful of older persons standing by. 
And in the room where he lived for several 
months, and w T here he died, I have seen, for 
weeks and weeks together, an open miniature 
lying upon his table • and many times I have 
found him bending over it. It was the minia- 
ture of a little girl, now a woman grown. And 
when I have spoken to him of her : ' It looks 
as she did once/ he said. ' We thought it a 
good picture,' and tears ran down his cheeks — 
and they were tears of warmest affection. 

"Again, as showing the aesthetic side of his 
nature, he had more than an ordinary love for 
and appreciation of the beautiful. Fond as he 
was of the exact sciences, and little imagination 
as his sermons ever exhibited, he had an exqui- 
site taste for poetry. Let any one look over 
the files of the Exeter News-Letter, for the eight 
years he was editor, and the selections will be 
ample proof of that. Then the collection of 
' Christian Hymns,' which not long ago was 
used in more churches of our denomination than 
any other, of whose committee of compilation he 
was chairman, Mas in no small measure a testi- 
mony to the excellence of his taste in lyric verse. 
Moreover, I have been told that several hymns 



in the collection are from his own pen, but char- 
acteristic of his modesty, his name never appears 
with them; they are only 'Anonymous.' 1 

" He was a great lover of flowers, and culti- 
vated them with rare success. His garden was 
tastefully laid out and kept, and contained the 
most cherished varieties. Hon. John Prentiss, 
of Keene, writes me that he well remembers 
Dr. Leonard's 'display of dahlias when first 
introduced in the town hall at our county agri- 
cultural fair,' and adds, ' he doubtless obtained 
a premium.' Well do I remember what a 
marvel of beauty we school children thought 
that flower garden was, and lingered by the 
white railings that inclosed it with no indefinite 
longings. Our eyes had seen nothing like the 
minister's garden in splendor, and we thought 
its supplies must be inexhaustible. True, there 
were hundreds of flowers for which we knew 
no name, but the most unskilled of all could ask 
for and knew the value of roses and poppies 
and pinks and lark-spurs; and no one who 
asked was turned away empty-handed. But 
there was another means of obtaining a nose- 
gay more delicate than asking outright. 

"' There is a country town,' says the author 
of ' The District School as it Was, 5 in a late 
work, ' one of the roughest in New England, 
which was favored with a clergyman who well 
understood the true methods of education. 

1 For convenience a list of Dr. Leonard's published works 
is subjoined, — 

1826, "Literary and Scientific Class- Book ; " 1829, 
"Sequel to Easy Lessons;'' 1835, "North American 
Spelling-Book ; " 1844, " Remarks on Modes of Instruc- 
tion;" 1844-53, " Reports of Schoob in Dublin;" 1st"., 
one of the compilers of the Hymn-Book entitled "Christian 
Hymns;" 1845, "Sermon on the Twenty-fifth Anniversary 
of his Ordination ;" 1848, "The Natural and the Spiritual 
Man" (being No. 247 of the Unitarian Association Tracts); 
1848, "Analysis of the Elementary Sounds of the English 
Language, with a Chan, Etc.;" 1851, "A LecLure delivered 
before the American Institute of Instruction at Keene, N. 
II. in a volume with other lectures delivered on the same 
occasion);" 1853, " Sermon at the Dedication of the New 
Meeting-House in Dublin ; '' 1855, Editor of the "History 
of Dublin." 

Among other investigations, he devoted some of 
his leisure to entomology. Somehow, he in- 
spired the people of the whole town, more or 
less, with his spirit, and especially the young. 
All eyes were opened and sharpened to discover 
some new bug, or worm, or butterfly ; and hap- 
py was the boy or girl that could run with some 
prize of the kind to the minister, receive his 
thanks and get a peep through the microscope 
at the wonders.' 2 Besides the rewards named 
by this writer, he who brought a perfect 
beetle or butterfly received also a bouquet of 
flowers, and we always thought the flowers 
that came from that garden a badge of honor. 
With them came a kind word and a benignant 
smile, that lived many days in the child's 

"Dr. Leonard was a thorough proficient in the 
natural history of insects. Most of you remem- 
ber tiers of glass cases or cabinets, disposed 
about his study, filled with flies, queer and com- 
mon, with bright beetles and enormous butter- 
flies. The late Chancellor Hoyt, of Washing- 
ton University, St. Louis, speaks of him as 
having; ' contributed to the late Dr. Harris, his 
class-mate, not a few of the most important facts 
in his published works, and as being undoubt- 
edly at this time (1859) the best entomologist 
in the State.' 1 So, in like manner, mineral, 
bird and star, as well as insect and blossom, 
taught him Divine lessons, and served his pur- 
pose of doing good. 

" Last summer I called upon him one morn- 
ing, and he showed me a beautiful pond lily, 
one of the first of the season, which some one, 
thoughtful of his love of flowers, had given him. 
Nothing could have pleased him more, and as 
he spoke of it and perceived its perfume, he 
contemplated it with all the delighted interest of 
a child. He was not well that day, and I called 
ao-ain toward evening. He had lain down for 
the night, but he still held that same white lily 

a " Helps to Education," by Warren Burton, p. 1 
3 " Addresses, Lectures and Reviews," p. 140. 



in his hand, wilted, indeed, but its fragrance 
was not yet spent. To me, my friends, that 
flower seemed no unfit emblem of his life. 

" Dr. Leonard was a lover of goodness, and, 
therefore, a Christian. He gave himself to 
Christian work. And, if reports be true, few 
towns stood more in need of moral regeneration 
than Dublin at the commencement of his min- 
istry. It has grown into a proverb that minis- 
ters have little or no knowledge of human 
nature. Those who knew Dr. Leonard will 
need no further proof that the rule has had its 
exception. In that matter few had clearer 
vision than he. His acute observation was not 
limited to inanimate nature. He knew his man, 
and, therefore, when a work that required co- 
operation was to be accomplished, his confidence 
was not misplaced. When he came here, in- 
temperance, with its kindred evils, alarmingly 
prevailed. But gradually there came a change. 
A new power was felt among the people. It was 
an influence very quiet, but very persistent. 
Soon it became known that the study of the 
pastor was the centre from which it radiated. 
Afterwards he lectured upon temperance in all 
the school districts. Some men, in consequence, 
withdrew from the society. For about ten years 
he reduced his salary in proportion to the amount 
these paid him, that others might not be embar- 
rassed by a heavier assessment, and urged the 
cause more industriously than ever. In these 
latter days, my friends, you have a just pride 
in the result. I am not old, yet I have seen 
something of many towns, both small and great, 
and, comparing any that I have known or heard 
of with this, I have never had occasion to be 
ashamed of the moral character of the town in 
which I was born. 

" In the published correspondence of Theodore 
Parker occur these words of tribute, in a letter 
to Dr. Francis, in 1855: 'Here I am,' says 
Mr. Parker, l rusticating in one of the nicest lit- 
tle towns in New Hampshire or New England. 
Good Dr. Leonard has written his natural piety 
all over the town and in all the people. How 

much a noble minister may do for mankind in 
such a town as this ! There are twenty-three 
copies of the New York Tribune, and nearly as 
many of the National Era, taken here. No rum 
in town, excellent schools, not eleven hundred 
inhabitants and twelve hundred dollars devoted 
every year to schools. I often mention Lincoln, 
Dr. Stearns' old parish for so many years, to 
show what a minister may do. Concord is also 
a good example; but Dublin, I think, will bear 
the palm from all the rest. But why is it that 
such cases are so rare ? There is not a town in 
New England but would rejoice to have such a 
minister as Dr. L. Why is it that we don't 
raise that sort of minister?' l 

" It matters little, perhaps, what the the- 
ology of such a man may be ; for his life passes 
all theologies. No denomination can monopo- 
lize its benefits ; so we may be sure he was no 
sectarian or dogmatist. Yet his theological 
views were well-defined. He was educated in 
and belonged to the older school of Unitarians. 
But he ' believed with Robinson, the teacher of 
the pilgrims, that God had more truth to break 
forth from His holy word.' He was the friend 
of a liberal and progressive faith, for he was the 
friend of independent thought. His words ded- 
icated this edifice in which we are assembled to 
religious uses. Many of you will remember 
when he said : ' Preaching, in order to be effec- 
tive or profitable, must be free. That which 
gives it life and energy, and without which it is 
but a vain parade, is this: that preachers be al- 
lowed to form principles of their own, and that 
what they say be the fruit of their own thought. 
Command a man to utter the thoughts and 
views of others, as they have been contained in 
confessions of faith, and threaten him at the 
same time with some temporal deprivation or 
spiritual denunciation if he ventures to follow 
his own conclusions and to proclaim his senti- 
ments, and you pass upon all he says a sentence 

1 Weiss' " Life and Correspondence of Theodore Parker," 
vol. i., p. 362. 



of death. You come to the sanctuary for in- 
struction, not merely to hear your own opinions 
declared and confirmed.' 1 

" His theology excluded no sincere and de- 
vout and striving soul from Christian fellow 
ship. Ah, my friends, his faith was a good one 
to live by, if it produce so beautiful a life ; sure- 
ly a good one to die by, if a well-spent life can 
make death pleasant. Whatever value he 
placed upon any articles of belief, he did not 
forget to dedicate this house of God, with 
special words, to the love of charity, to the 
spirit of progress and liberty. He said, 'All 
mankind are brethren. When one is oppressed, 
all are implicated in danger. If one human 
being may suffer wrong with impunity to the 
wrong-doer, then all are exposed to the like 
fate. . . . Every church, therefore, every house 
consecrated to God and to Christ, should be 
open to the defense of human freedom and 
human rights.' What another has written of 
him is indeed eminently true: 'He was the 
friend of his race — yea, the friend of every 
race made in the image of God.' 

" Dr. Leonard was a benevolent man. You 
would know that from his very face. Without 
wealth, with only a competency, no one in need, 
no needy enterprise, made calls upon him in 

When first he came here there were few 
juvenile books published. But he saw what a 
power for good they might be made to be. He 
obtained what he could from time to time, and 
when lie made pastoral visits was seldom with- 
out some in his pockets for the children. There 
grew such an interest in the minister's collec- 
tion, and constantly, that a regular system of 
borrowing and lending was adopted, so that ail 
might share alike. In three or four years there 
were as many as a hundred volumes in the min- 
ister's collection, and constantly visited by the 
children at the minister's house. Thus was 
formed what is supposed to have been ihc first 

1 Discourse: Delivered March 2, 1853, p. 7. 

Sunday-school library in New England. 2 It is 
true, however, that any children in the town 
who wished to enjoy its privileges were free to 
do so. There was no spirit of exclusiveness in 
the pastor's heart ; every child was alike wel- 

" ' He tried each art, reproved each dull delay, 
Allured to brighter worlds, and led the way.' 

"For many years he furnished all the text- 
books for the Sunday-school and gave each 
child a story-book when it closed for the winter. 
He gave hymn-books for the choir ; and in the 
common schools, for the sake of securing uni- 
formity of text-books, if any poor family was 
to suffer by the change, the required school- 
books were often supplied by him. Since he 
left Dublin, instance after instance of his private 
charities have come to light, unknown before. 
Said a family, which had suffered great adver- 
sity, not of his own parish, ' There has been 
no such friend to us ; we do not see what we 
shall do when he goes from us.' 

"Seldom wasa man more richly endowed with 

2 In a private letter to the son of Dr. Leonard, the Hon. Tims. 
Fisk, of Dublin, who was a co-laborer with the latter in the 
cause of education and other good works in that town, ami 
although in his eighty-third year, still retains his mental 
vigor in a remarkable degree, after stating in substance 
that he thinks Rev. Mr. Learned has fallen into an error in 
calling this library the first Sunday-school library in New 
England, says "that the historian of l'eterboro' is mis- 
taken when he states in his work that, ' giving all due 
credit for previous attempts to establish free public libraries, 
we think the claim of Peterboro' to be the first to have suc- 
ceeded in it is indisputable.' " Mr. Fisk 'goes on to say 
"that the first meeting held in Peterboro', in relation to it, 
was April 9, 1833. Your father (Dr. Leonard) instituted 
in Dublin the Juvenile Library, in 1822, eleven years before 
the Peterboro' library was organized, and it was, to all in- 
tents and purposes, a free public library throughout the 
town, and has been in successful operation ever since. To 
your father is due the honor of instituting the first free, 
public circulating library within my knowledge, and he ex- 
pended some three hundred dollars of his private means 
for books before others contributed to the expense. The 
Dublin Juvenile Library was founded in 1825, and since 
that time has been replenished annually by the voluntary 
contributions of its members." 



patience and Christian resignation. With health 
neve?' firm, seldom would those about him have 
discovered it from any word of his. Latterly, the 
premature infirmities of age bowed and par- 
alyzed him. In general, I do not think there 
was that acuteness of suffering which is often 
witnessed. But there was a greater or less de- 
gree of consciousness to the very last. For 
many months, from slight paralysis, it had been 
difficult for him to converse. He could not 
longer mingle in company, as he was wont, and 
it had inclined him to sit much by himself in 
his chamber. Yet no murmur was ever known 
to escape his lips. Yea, even when, towards 
the last, soreness and racking pains came upon 
him, those who stood by were astonished at his 
fortitude. There was not even a complaining 
look ; while, for the slightest efforts for his re- 
lief, his face lighted up with gratitude and af- 

"There is a heroism that unflinchingly fronts 
the cannon's mouth and the deadly charge of 
battle. But to me that is a grander heroism 
that, with a sweet religious faith, utters no mur- 
mur in the face of lingering death." 

The degree of Doctor of Divinity was con- 
ferred upon Dr. Leonard by the corporation of 
Harvard University in 1849, and President 
Jared Sparks, in his letter announcing the 
honor, says : " I am happy to be the medium of 
communicating this testimony of the high esteem 
in which we hold your distinguished services in 
the cause of religion and education." 

It remains only to add that Dr. Leonard was 
twice married. His first wife was Elizabeth 

Morison Smith, daughter of Hon. Samuel 
Smith, the founder of Peterborough village. 
She died September 13, 1848. Two children 
were the fruit of this marriage, — William Smith, 
born October 13, 1832, a graduate at Dart- 
mouth College in the class of 1856, and for the 
last twenty-five years a practicing physician in 
Hinsdale, N. H.; also Ellen Elizabeth, born 
June 25, 1846, who married Joseph H. Hough- 
ton, and has resided for many years in New 
Tacoma, Washington Territory. 

He married for his second wife Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Dow Smith, of Exeter, N. H., widow of 
Samuel G. Smith, and soon after removed to 
Exeter, where he passed the declining years of 
his life, assuming, for a time, the editorship of 
the Exeter News-Letter, and interesting himself 
in the schools and all other things pertaining to 
the public welfare. Yet Exeter was never a 
congenial abiding-place to him ; like a tree 
transplanted after it had reached maturity, he 
could not take root and thrive in a new soil, 
and as the evening shadows gathered around 
him, he yearned more and more for his old 
home, and so at last he was laid at rest in the 
ancient graveyard at Dublin, by the side of the 
wife of his best years and the mother of his 
children ; all around him the graves of his 
parishioners, for whom he had so many years 
broken the bread of life. In the shadow of the 
grand Monadnock, by the shore of the crystal 
lake he loved so well, a plain granite monument 
emblematical of his character, marks the last 
resting-place of this pure, noble and devoted 
minister of God. 



The township was granted by the Masonian 
proprietors, January 15, 1752, to Roland Cot- 
ton and forty-one others, and was known by the 
name of Monadnock, No. 4. The conditions of 
the grant not being complied with, a re-grant 
was made to Colonel Sampson Stoddard and 
twenty-two associates, and it was sometimes 
called Stoddard's town until May 19, 1773, 
when it was incorporated by the Governor and 
Council by the name of Fitz William, in honor 
of an English earl. In 1760 settlements were 
commenced by James Reed (who afterwards 
commanded one of the New Hampshire regi- 
ments in Bunker Hill), John Fassett and Ben- 
jamin Bigelow. 

When the town of Troy was formed, June 23, 
1815, about four thousand acres of Fit/.william 
territory was taken from the north part of the 
town and now constitutes a part of Troy. The 
line between this town and Rindge was estab- 
lished by an act approved June, 17, 1847. 

Petition of Colonel Stoddard Relative 
to Incorporation. 

"To His Excellency John Wentworth Esq« 
Captain General Governor & Commander in 
Chief in & Over his Majestys Province of 
New I lamp , the Hon ebo his Majestys Council 
for Said Province — 
" The Memorial of Sampson Stoddard of 

Chelmsford in the County of Middlesex & in 

the Province of the Massachusetts Bay Shews — ■ 
" That there is a Tract of Land in the Prov- 
ince of New Hamp e of the Contents of about six 
Miles Square Granted by the Purchasors of the 
Right of John Tufton Mason Esq 8 to your 
Memorialists & Others Called the Township of 
Monadnock N° 4— That the Greater part there- 
of is finally Vested in him, that he has at a 
Great Expence Settled a Very Considerable 
Number of Inhabitants thereon 

" Wherefore your Memorialist humbly prays 
that the Lands afores d may not be Incorporated 
into a Town & the Inhabitants there Infran- 
chised with all Town priviledges without their 
first Giving Notice to him of their Design of 
applying to y r Excell- & honors and your 
Memorialist Shall (as in duty bound) Ever 


" Sampson Stoddard 

" Portsm 11 July 11, 1768—" 
Incorporation of Town. — The following 
is a copy of the petition for incorporation : 

" To His Excellency John Wentworth Esquire 
Captain General, Governor and Commander 
in Chief in and over his Majestys Province of 
New Hampshire and Vice Admiral of the 
Same in Council. 

" The Petition of James Reed of Monadnock 
N° 4 in the County of Cheshire in the Province 
aforesaid Esq 6 and Clerk of the Proprietry of 
said Monadnock N° 4 unto your Excellency & 
Honors humbly Shews 



" That your Petitioner together with Joseph 
Hemmenway and John Millins at a legal Meet- 
ing of s d Proprietors held in s d Monadnock N° 
4 on the 31 st of March last were chosen a Com- 
mittee to petition this Honorable Court to in- 
corporate the said Monadnock N° 4 into a Town- 
ship with the usual Priviledges and Franchises 
of other corporate Towns in the said Province 
for the following Reasons Viz* 

" That the Inhabitants of said Monadnock 
have settled a Minister & built a Meeting House 
and have a large Number residing there, besides 
others daily coming to settle there That they 
humbly conceive their Number intitles them to 
the Indulgence of this Hon We Court as in the 
present Mode of Provincial Taxation, they are 
subject to the controul of the Selectmen of 
Neighbouring Towns, and they would humbly 
wish to have the Privilege of chusing Selectmen 
and other Town Officers of their own which 
would quiet the Minds of the Inhabitants and 
promote the Interests & good Government of s d 
Monadnock N° 4 — That being destitute of Town 
Privileges the Petitioners cannot legally warn 
out any vagrants that may come there, and 
many other Inconveniences Wherefore Your 
Petitioner in behalf of s d Proprietors humbly 
pray that this Hon ble Court would grant their 
Petition & as in Duty bound he & they shall 
ever pray — 

"James Reed 
" Committee man and Proprietors Clark " 
The town was incorporated May 19, 1773. 
Documentary History. — The following- is 
a copy of the petition of Mrs. Clayes : 
" The Hon 6 Counsel and House of Representa- 
tives of the State of New Hampshire in 
General Court assembled — 
" The Humble petition of Abigail Clayes 
widow to the late Captain Elijah Clayes deceased 
of the 2d regiment of the New Hampshire Line 
— Urged by her distressed situation; begs your 
attention ; as she is left with a famley of small 
Children without any other means of subsistance 
but her own Industry for there support. Im- 

pelled by these Circumstances and the Horrid 
Idea of want, being fully impressed that the 
Honorable Body before this her petition will be 
laid, supported by there natural feelings as well 
as Justice and Humanity towards those in dis- 
tress; will exert every nerve for so desirable an 
end ; as to soften as far as in their power the 
distress incident to the widows and Fatherless ; 
and Consequently extend their generosity to- 
wards her by a grant of half pay agreeable to 
an act of Congress of the 15 th of May 1778 in 
such Cases made and provided and renewed and 
extended the 24 August 1780 which will enable 
her to bring up her Children in some degree of 
decency and live above contempt, resting assured 
of your strict attention to this her Petition — 
Your Petitioner as in duty bound shall forever 


" Abigal Clayes" 

Elijah Clayes was captain of the Seventh 
Company of the Second Regiment in 1777 ; 
Joseph Potter, of Fitzwilliam, was second lieu- 
tenant of the same company. 


"Keene Decem br 18 th 1780 
" To The Hon ble Council & House of Repre- 
sentatives Convened att Exeter this twentieth 
Day of Decem br for the State of New Hamp- 
shire — 

" The Petition of James Reed of Keene in 
the County of Cheshire Esq 3 Humbly Sheweth 
vour Petitioner ingaged in the Sarvis of the 
united states in the year 1775 — Tho Exposed 
to many Dangers & hardships did continue in 
an intiar state of helth till after the Retreat 
from Canady — at the head of Lake George 
was voielently seazed with the Narves feavor 
that intiarly Deprived him of his Eye sight & 
allmost of his hearing & exceeding weeke — 
which continued for a Number of munths altho 
no Pains nor cost was spaired for Recovery of 
sight or helth tho to no avail as to the sight — 
tho vour Petitioner was Hon d with a Commi- 
tion of Rank under Sarting Limetations of 



Established Pay finding the Depreciation of 
the Currency so greate & his Expences so high 
that he very erly in the year 1778 Laid his 
case before the Hon be Continentall Congress & 
having no Returne depreciation of the currency 
still increasing his helples Surcunistances by 
Reson of total blindness, — tho in sum meashure 
Recovered, as to helth and hearing — his Ex- 
pencive Surcunistances obliged him to Parte 
with a considerable Parte of his Real Estate 
(Viz) Half of the township of Errol in this 
State & six wrights in the township of Cam- 
bridge Purchased of M r Nath 1 Rogers which 
money was laid in his chest which by an act of 
this state he was obliged to give in to the 
assers to be Rated s d Rats Riming so high & 
the Depreciation so grate almost consumed the 
whole sum — whereupon your Humble Peti- 
tioner Petitioned this Hon We Corte for sum 
Relief by way of the avacuated Farms for 
which he had hazarded His Life & for the 
convenens of Exercise and sum oather Reasons 
mentioned to this Hon We Corte Doct r Josiah 
Pomroyes of Keene as he was an absentee the 
Hon ble Corte was gratiously Pleased to make 
him a grante of a Parte of s d Farme in No- 
vember (1779) under sarting Limetations but 
as your Petitioner could nut enter by vartue of 
s d grante he was obliged to pay 350 £ L : M : 
[lawful money] for the use of s d Farme untill 
the first Day of may (1781) s d Farme being 
now the Property of this State is to be inven- 
toreyed & sold att vandue — your Petitioner 
hath made inquiarey & finds that the s d Docf 
Pomroyes Purches was sum moar than Seven 
hundred Pounds & that the s d Estate owes 
Sum moar than Five hundred Pounds — the 
Proseser of one not of moar than Four hun- 
dred Pounds against s d Estate will not give up 
the obligation shorte of the value in Silver 
money or att the common Exchange altho 
your Petitioner has never Rec d any alowence 
from the Continent for the Depreciation in his 
established Pay altho he was obliged to pay the 
above 350 £ for the use of s d Farme one year 

out of the nomenal sum of Established Wages 

your Humble Pcttitioner Prays this hon We Corte 

to take all the above surcunistances under your 

wise consideration & grante your Petitioner 

the Priviledge of Purchasing the whole of s d 

Farme without its being Exposed to Public 

vandue — or oatherwayes Relive as in Dute 

bound Shall Ever Pray. 

" James Reed B. G. 

" Attest Hinds Reed " 

General James Read was one of the early 
settlers of Fitzwilliam, and proprietors' clerk 
for some years. When news reached him of 
the battle of Lexington, he raised a company 
of volunteers and marched them to Medford ; 
was commissioned as colonel by the govern- 
ment of Massachusetts, and raised four com- 
panies of troops ; but, failing to obtain enough 
for a regiment, he went to Exeter, was com- 
missioned by the government of New Hamp- 
shire, had two companies of Stark's men 
turned over to him, and bravely commanded 
his regiment at the battle of Bunker Hill. He 
became totally blind, resulting from a fever 
contracted in the campaign of the following 
year in Canada, and thus the American cause 
lost the services of an ardent patriot, and a 
brave and determined officer. It will be 
understood that the foregoing petition is not 
his production, as he was blind at the time ; 
documents in his handwriting of an earlier 
date show that he was a man of good education 
for his time. After becoming blind, he occu- 
pied for a while the confiscated estate of Dr. 
Pomeroy of Keene, which was leased to him 
by the State. In March, 1782, Daniel Kings- 
bury and Thomas Baker were appointed to 
appraise the rental, and the following is their 
report (Hammond) : 

"Keene April 18 th 1782. 
"We the subscribers being under oath to 
appraise the value of the Rent of the within 
mentioned Premises for the Term of one year 
have appraised the same at the sum of fourteen 
pounds, and it is our opinion that General 



Read had expended the sum of six pounds in 
repairing the said Premises since he hath had 
the use & Improvement thereof — which sum of 
six pounds ought to be deducted out of the 
above mentioned fourteen pounds. 

" Tho s Baker 

" Dan 1 Kingsbury 

" Sworn to before Calvin Frink [of 

Soldiers' Orders. 

" To the Honourable John Taylor Gilman Esq 6 

Treasurer & Receiver General of the State of 

New Hampshire — 

"Sir Please to pay to the Bearer what 
money is due to me as Wages & Clothing for 
twelve months service Done in the Continental 
army beginning June A. D. 1779 Col 1 George 
Reids Regiment Capt Rowels Company & this 
Shall be your Discharge for the same 

" Joseph Muzzey. 

" Test "Anna Wilder 

"Abel Wilder" 

[Acknowledged before Abel Wilder. — Ed.] 

Stephen Richardson was in First Regiment 
from February 23, 1781, to September 1, 1781, 
and in 1782 as corporal. Stephen White was 
in the same from February, 1781, to December, 
1781, and again in 1782. 

Relative to General Read. 

" This may certify all whome it may con- 
searn that I was called to visit Brigadier Gen- 
eral Reed of Fitzwilliam in February A. D. 
1777 and found him Intirely Blind and 
Labouring under many other Bodyly Infirm- 
aries at the same time wich Rendered him 
Incapable of taking care of himeselfe and he 
remaines Blind and in my opinion ever will. 

" Royalston January 19 th 1786. 

" Stephen Batcheller, Physition" 

Sylvanus Read's Petition. 
" To the General Assembly of the State of 
New Hampshire now sitting at Ports- 
mouth — 
" Humbly Shews — Sylvanus Read of Fitz- 

william iu the s d State — That he served as 
adjutant of a Battallion of Troops raised in 
this state for the defense of the New England 
states &c and Commanded by Lieut Col° 
Stephen Peabody Esq. as appears by the 
Commission herewith presented — That your 
Petitioner is iuformed some allowance had 
been mad those officers on acc't of the De- 
preciating of the money they were paid in 
— Your Petitioner therefore humbly prays 
that your Honors will order such Depreciation 
to be paid to your Petitioner as is Customary 
in Such Cases — and as in duty Bound shall 
ever pray &c 

" Dated Feb/ y 9 2 d 1786 

" Sam 1 Kendall 
in behalf of the Petitioner " 

The foregoing petition was granted Feb. 21$ 

Instructions to their Representative 

" At a Legal Meeting of the Inhabitants of 
the Town of Fitz William, held upon adjourn- 
ment august 14 th 1783 ; Voted, To give their 
Representative for the ensuing Year, the fol- 
lowing Instructions — 

" To Major Elisha Whitcomb — 

" S r You being Chosen to Represent the 
Towns of Swansey and Fitz William for the 
present Year, in the general assembly of the 
State of New Hampshire ; The Town of Fitz 
William, a part of your Constituents, in Coni- 
plyance with the request of said assembly, and 
from a Sense of Duty at this Critictal period) do 
now openly, candidly & Sincerely Speak, <fe 
instruct you, not only with respect to the 
article Recomended, but other things we con" 
ceive necessary to the well being of the Com- 
munity — 

" We shall begin with the Recommendation 
of the Honorable Congress, relative to an 
alteration proposed in the Eighth Article of 
the Confederation & perpetual union between 
the thirteen united States of America — 



" Congress, we find, View it Expedient, & 
even Necessary that such an alteration, as they 
have Recommended, be made ; and the general 
assembly of this state appear to be of the same 
mind ; for they say, ' they are fully convinced 
of the Expediency & utility of the Measure ' 
— with all Due Defference to the collected 
Wisdom of the Continent, & of this State; as 
we are called upon to shew our minds, we 
would say, that we have taken this matter into 
deliberate & mature consideration ; and are of 
opinion that the proposed alteration is neither 
Expedient or necessary — 

" We conceive that it cannot be so just & 
equitable a mode of Proportioning Taxes, by 
the Number of Inhabitants of every age, Sex 
& condition, as by the Value of Land &c, 
which each State is possessed of, & which 
enables each State to pay the proportion — we 
apprehend, that, according to the present pro- 
posed method of Proportioning Taxes, there is 
a Door opened for some States to be eased & 
others burdened — but Reason Justice and 
Revelation Demand an Equality, that each State 
pay in proportion to what it is worth, and no 
more — 

" And as the Number of inhabitants accord- 
ing to the proposed alteration, is to be taken 
triennially — and as it is found necessy for pro- 
portioning taxes within each State to take the 
Valuation of all Lands &c, we conceive that 
by the proposed alteration much needless Cost 
must arise to the good people of these States, 
already Loaded with Taxes; and know not 
which way to discharge them — nor can we 
think that the Numbering of Souls is a Justi- 
fiable method ; witness the conduct of David, 
& dismal consequences thereof ; left no doubt 
upon Sacred Record for national admonition — 

" We think it advisable, that one mode of 
Valuation, both as to poles & possession, 
should be adopted throughout the united 
States ; as this appears to us the most Rational 
& equitable plan that can be devised ; altho we 
are Sensible there can be no mode fixed upon, 

but that Some objections may be raised against 

" We do therefore recommend it to you, Sir 
to use your influence to prevent any alteration 
being made in the above mentioned Eighth 
article of the Confederation — 

" We Shall now take the Liberty to address 
you upon some other subjects, which we con- 
ceive important & necessary ; in our present 
Situation of affairs — 

" By a Resolution of Congress of the 21 of 
October 1780, we find they have promised the 
officers of the american army, half pay during 
life — & by a Resolve of said congress, bearing 
date March the 22 1783, they have engaged 
them five years full pay instead of the half pay 
promised before — upon which we would ob- 
serve, that we have ever been, and still are 
ready to Exert ourselves in Supporting our 
army; and to Reward those who have jeoparded 
their lives for us in the high Places of the field, 
fought our Battles, Bled in our Cause, and 
under God have been our defence — we are will- 
ing, we say, amply to reward them — ' none de- 
serve more highly than our Brave army; none 
shall have our Money more freely, So far as is 
Justly Due ; and if there has been any failure 
on the part of government in fulfilling their 
contracts, let the injury and all their Just De- 
mands be made up to them as soon as may be ' 
— yea So cheerful & ready are we, to have them 
fully compensated for their services, y* we are 
willing if it cannot be otherwise effected, To 
allow Both officers & Soldiers, over and above 
their Stipulated wages, one years full pay — far 
be it from us to wrong our soldiers; — we are 
desirous to settle honorably with them; & sea- 
sonably & fully to discharge all our public & 
foreign Debts — 

"But we cannot see the reasonableness & Jus- 
tice of giving the officers of our army half pay 
during life, or full pay for the term of five 
years, after they are Discharged from the ser- 
vice — we think the soldiers who have born the 
Burden and heat of the day as well as the offi- 



cers, have an equal Right to claim a share, in 
proportion to their pay — 

" We doubt not, but that Both officers and sol- 
diers have suffered much in their Countries Cause 
— and the temporal Interests of many have herby 
been diminished ; an has not this been the 
case with thousands that have generally 
been at Home ? — they have many a time 
been called off from their employments, 
been obliged to gird on the harness & take 
the field, for a time, in the common defence ; 
& why ought they not to be rewarded over 
<fe above their Stipulated pay, in jjroportion 
to the time they were gone & Services which 
they Performed ? — it appears to be as reasonable 
as that the officers of our army should thus be 
rewarded — 

u Besides do not the officers of our army hope 
& expect, to share in the Blessings of Peace & 
independence ? we are willing they should ; why 
then are they not to Suffer with us, & lend a 
helping hand to support us under our Burdens? 
— we think they ought to be — & not make gov- 
ernment, instead of Being a Blessing, an un- 
supportable Burden to the people — 

" We cannot see, if they have a reasonable 
recompence for their services, why they do not 
stand upon an equal footing with their Brethren 
— we therefore request you, Sir, to use your in- 
fluence to prevent this pay being given to the 
officers of our army, as we cannot consent to it, 
or any thing that is so subversive of .the Prin- 
ciples of american Revolution — 

" Further, we must Depend upon your Ex- 
ertions, and if need be that you Strain every 
nerve, to prevent the return of those persons 
called Tories, or absentees, who have withdrawn 
themselves from us, gone over to the Enemy & 
either virtually or actually taken up arms 
against us — & many of them shed the Blood of 
their Brethren — in the judgment of charity we 
can't but View them in an odious light — they 
deserve censure — yea many of them have long 
since, forfeited their heads as well as their es- 
tates to their countries Justice — we doubt not 

but their situation is disagreeable, & that things 
have turned out quite con trary to their wish 
& Expectation ; but are we to Blame for that? 
— had they chose it, they might have continued 
twith us, & enjoyed their estates, which we view 
hey have now forfeited, & all the priveledges 
& immunities of free citizens; & Shared in the 
Blessings of independence — but they have chosen 
their side, & we desire that they would abide 
their choice, & not Presume to trouble us any 
more — Friendship to them, & Safety to our- 
selves & dear Country, forbid them to be any 
more incorporated with us — we have sufficiently 
Proved them, & understand their temper & dis- 
position, by their inhuman & savage conduct 
towards us — we are convinced that we cannot 
put any confidence in them ; they have proved 
themselves traitors to their country ; can we 
then receive you into our Bosoms again ? by no 
means — let them therefore Depart, & repair to 
the frozen Regions of acadia, the Place Destined 
for them by their Royal Master, and Spend the 
rest of their days in deep Repentance for their 
Past follies — 

"And as Religion is much Decayed in our 
Land, the Lords Day shamefully profaned, the 
holy name of God abused, and all manner of 
Vice prevalent & Barefaced, we Expect that 
you will use your Best endeavors, to have such 
Laws enacted & put in Execution, as shall tend 
to suppress Vice, secure the honor of Gods holy 
name, & the Sanctification of the Sabbath, and 
to Promote Religion & useful Literature among 
us — 

"and that you give your constant & season- 
able attendance at Court, in the time of its Ses- 
sions, that neither your Constituents, nor the 
Public may be come Sufferers by your neglect — 
but a word to the wise is sufficient — 

"At a Legal Meeting of the Inhabitants of 
the Town of Fitzwilliam on the 14 Day of this 
Instant, August — Voted that These Instructions' 
Should be Deliver to you Sir by the Hand of 
Ens 11 Samuel Kendall at your hous in Swansey 

" Fitzwilliam August 16 th 1783 

"Atest Samuel Patrick Town Clerk" 



Petition of General James Read. 

" To the Hon ble the Senate and house of Rep- 
resentatives convened at Concord — 

"The petitition of James Read most humbly 
sheweth — 

" That your petitioner, during the late pros- 
perous and glorious contest for liberty, in which 
he was conscientiously engaged, was unfortu- 
nately and totally deprived of the use of his 
eyes, a greater loss than which no mortal can 
sustain : That by painful circumstance he is al- 
together deprived of his usefulness to his Coun- 
try, and of every opportunity of procuring sus- 
tenance for himself and family, and the only 
consolation he receives, is, that America is be- 
come free, in part, through his struggles : That 
in this most deplorable situation of himself and 
family, your petitioner has heretofore frequently 
applied to the General Court, whom he con- 
ceives to be the guardians, the fathers of 
the people for assistance; but has hitherto 
most unfortunately failed in his just applica- 
tions : That he has in this unutterable distress, 
and frightful indigence, been constrained to put 
his dependence on the Constables for several 
years past, for succour and support, both for 
himself and family; still looking forward with 
full hope and expectations that you, who are 
rightly stilcd the redressers of grievances, would 
have concerted some eifectual means for his 
livelihood, agreeable to resolves of Congress for 
that benevolent purpose — Wherefore your sup- 
pliant petitioner most humbly prays, that this 
Hon' Court wou'd give him orders on said 
Constables which may fully answer for the Con- 
tinental tax due from said Constables and that 
the same be charged to the Continent agreeable 
to said Resolves — or otherwise relieve your pe- 
titioner's pitiful situation, as in your great wis- 
dom you may think best — 

"And your petitioner as in duty bound will 

ever pray — 

" James Read " 

Petition for Incorporation of Library. 

" To the General Court of the State of New 
Hampshire now Conven'd at Portsmouth hum- 
bly Sheweth Nairn m Parker that he with a 
number of others Inhabitants of Fitzwilliam 
purchased a Collection of Books for a Social 
Library but find it necessary to be incorporated 
in order to realize the advantages Contemplated 
Therefore pray that they may be incorporated 
with such privileges as are usually Granted in 
such Cases, and as in duty bound will pray 

"Nov r 27 th 1797 

"Naiium Parker, for the purchasers" 

The petition was granted November 29, 

The Congregational Church in this 
town was organized March 27, 1771, with the 
following members : Benjamin Brigham, Ben- 
jamin Bigelow, John Fassitt, Nathaniel Wilder, 
Caleb Minch and James Reed. 

The first pastor was Rev. Benjamin Brigham. 
The present pastor is Rev. John Colby. 

The Unitarians have a society in the vil- 
lage, but no house of worship nor regular pas- 

The First Baptist Church was organ- 
ized in 1815. The first pastor was Rev. Arnot 
Allen. Rev. Andrew Dunn is the present pas- 

The Methodist Episcopal Church was 
organized in 1H67 by Rev. W. Morrill, the 
present pastor. There are two churches on this 
charge — one located at Howeville and the other 
at the Depot. 



The town of Gilsum lies north of the cen- 
tre of the county, and is bounded as follows : 
north by Mario w and Alstead, east by Stod- 
dard and Sullivan, south by Keene, and west 
by Surry. 

This town was originally granted to Joseph 
Osgood and seventy-one others, under the name 
of Boyle. None of these grantees, however, 
settled in the town and the grant was forfeited. 
The following is a copy of the petition for in- 
corporation : 

"To His Excellency Benning Wentworth, Esq., 
Gov r of the Province of New Hampshire &c. 
" Humbly Shews — 

" The Petition of William Lawrence of Groton & 
Thomas Read of Westford in the Province of the 
Massa" 9 That they together With fifty Six more of 
their Neighbours Are desireous of Setling a township 
in the Province of New Hampshire many of them 
not Having a Sufficiency of Lands in the Massachu- 
setts to Employ them Selves in Husbandry And have- 
ing Account of a tract of Land Yet ungranted by 
Your Excellency, that we Apprehend is Capable of 
Setlement (which Lyes Northerly of the Upper Ash- 
uelot and Westmoreland and Easterly from Walepool 
Adjoyning to those towns, and Extends Eastward to 
make the Contents of Six miles Square) and in case 
we may Obtain the favour of your Excellency in 
making us a grant on y e Conditions, Other of his 
Majesty s Lands there are Granted, Shall make a Spedy 
& Effectuall Setlement there. 

" Wherefore we pray that y r Excellency would See 

meet to favour us with Liberty to Survey the Same 

Under your directions, And that we may Obtain a 

Grant Accordingly And as in Duty bound Shall pray 


" William Lawrence. 

"Thomas Read. 

" Groton March 16 : 1752." 

Recharter of the Town. — The town was 
rechartered July 13, 1763, under the name of 
Gilsum. 1 The petition was as follows : 

"To His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq e 

Gov r & Commander in Chief in and Over his 

Majesty's Province of New Hamp e and to the 

hon ble his Majesty's Council for Said Province. 

" The memorial of Thomas Sumner in Behalf of 

himself & Others Prop" in the Town of Boyle in Said 

Province, Shews. 

" That in the Year 1752 Your Excels & Honors 
Granted the Township of Boyle upon the Conditions 
& under the restrictions as Per Charter Declar'd — 

" That by the Intervention of the Late War your 
Memorialist' 8 Constituents have been (till Very Lately ) 
Prevented from Doing the Duty, but Notwithstanding 
they have Sever'd & Drawn by Lotts the Said Tract 
of Land to & among all the Prop" that Many of 
Your Memorialists Constituents are now Actually 
Living with their familys on S d Tract of Land & 
Many More Going Early in the Spring & there are 
Now Many Acres of Wheat Sowd there & In all 
Probability the Township Will be Intirely Settled 
According to the True & Intent & Meaning of the 
Grant by Next Summer But as the Time Prefix'd in 
the Grant Was Elaps'd & that Before it Was Possible 
(for the reason afores d ) for 'em To Enter & Improve, 
they Conceive it Absolutely Necessary that Your Ex- 
cel^ & Honors (if you think fit) Sho d Granta suspen- 
sion of the forfeiture & further indulge 'em with Such 
a Term of time as they may be Enabled to fulfill the 
Duty aforesaid & are Encouraged to Ask the fav r Be- 
cause your Exc y & honors are Wonted To Endulge 
Prop" in the Like Circumstances & Your Memorial- 
ist Shall Ever pray — 

" Jan^ 24 1763." 

" Tho s Sumxer. 

1 The name originated as follows: Samuel Gilbert and 
Thomas Sumner were prominent in procuring the grant. 
Their families were connected by marriage, and the town 
was named by taking the first syllable of each name and 
coining the word Gilsum (/, W. Hammond). 




This grant was made to Samuel Gilbert, 
Thomas Sumner and others. 

At the first meeting of the proprietors 
Thomas Pitken, Jr., was chosen moderator; 
Clement Sumner, proprietors' clerk ; and Sam- 
uel Gilbert, treasurer. 

The first settlers of the town were Jonathan 
Bliss and Josiah Kilburn, in 1762. 

March 9, 1769, the west part of the town 
was set off, and, with a portion of Westmore- 
land, incorporated into the town of Surry. 

September 27, 1787, the southeast part of 
the town was set off, joined with portions of 
Keene, Stoddard and Packersfield (Nelson), and 
incorporated into the town of Sullivan. 

A dispute relative to the boundary line be- 
tween this town and Stoddard was settled by 
an act passed June 27, 1797, by which the 
" curve line of Mason's Patent " was made the 
dividing line of the two towns, and Gilsum lost 
another tract of land. 

In 1873 a few acres of land was taken from 
Sullivan and annexed to this town. 

War of the Revolution. — Gilsum did 
its full share in the War of the Revolution. 

In 1775 the town had a population of forty- 
nine males above sixteen years of age, and 
during the war furnished twenty men, as fol- 
lows : 

David Abraham. 
David Adams. 
Peter Beebe. 
David Bill. 
Stephen Bond. 
Iddo Church. 
Thomas Church. 
Josiah Comstock. 
Samuel Crame. 

Isaac Griswold. 
Brooks Hudson. 
Zadoc Hurd. 
Ebenezer Kilburn. 
Captain Elisha Mack. 
Thomas Morse. 
Jesse Smith. 
Ananias Tubbs. 
Frederick Tubbs. 
Samuel White. 

Joseph French. 

Wak of 1812.— In the War of 1812 seven 
men from Gilsum were in the service : — 

Roswell Borden. 
Iddo Kilburn. 
John Raymond. 
David Bill. 

Jonas Brown. 
David Dort. 
Ira Ellis. 

Civil History. — The first town-meeting of 
which we have any account was held August 

26, 1776, with Joseph Spencer, moderator, and 
Obadiah Willcox, clerk. Prior to 1789 the 
records of the town are missing. Timothy De- 
wey was clerk in 1787. 

The following is a list of clerks from 1789 
to 1885: 

Zadok Hurd, 1789. 

Robert Lane Hurd, 1790, '91, 1801, '02, '03, '04, '05, 
'11, '12. 

David Blish, 1792, '93, '94, '95, '96, '97, '98, '99, 

Josiah Hammond, 1806, '07, '08, '09, '10, '15, '16, '24, 
'25, '26, '27, '28, '29, '30, '31. 

Elisha Fisk, 1813. 

Obadiah Pease, 1814, '15, '16, '17, '18, '19, '20, '21, 
'22, '23. 

Luther Abbott, 1832, '33. 

David Brigham, 1834, '35. 

Israel B. Loveland, 1836, '37, '38, '39, '40, '41, '42, 
'43, '44, '46, '47, '48, '49, '50, '51, '52, '53, '54, '55, '56, 
'57, '58. 

Allen Buster, 1845. 

M. L. Goddard, elected in 1856, but removed. 

Henry E. Rawson, 1859, '65, '66. 

Ezra Webster, 1860, '61, '62, '63, '64; died in 

Calvin Chandler, 1864. 

George Henry McCoy, 1867, '68, '69, '70, '72, '73, 
'74, '75, '76, '77. 

John Gould, 1871. 

John A. Smith, 1878. 

Benjamin H. Horton, 1879. 

L. W. F. Mark, 1880, '81, '82, '83, '84, '85. 

Representees. — From 1789 to 1793 Gilsum 
Surry and Sullivan formed a representative dis- 
trict. Previous to this Gilsum had been classed 
with various towns. From 1795 to 1827 it was 
classed with Surry. Since 1825 the town has 
been entitled to one representative ; the list is as 
follows : 

Luther Whitney, 1827. 
Aaron Day, 1828, '29, '31. 
Josiah Hammond, 1830. 
Jehiel Day, 1832, '34. 
Allen Butler, 1833, '35. 
John Horton, 1836, '37. 
David Bell, 1838, '39, '41. 
David M. Smith, 1840. 
William Kingsbury, 1842. 

E. K. Webster, 1843, '44. 

F. W. Day, 1845, '46. 
John Hammond, 1847, 


Samuel Isham, Jr., 1849, 

'50, '56, '57. 
Amasa May, 1851, '52. 
David Ware, 1853. 
John Livermore, 1854. 
Ebenezer Jones, 1855. 
F. A. Howard, 1858. 
Ezra Webster, 1859, '60. 
D. W. Bill, 1861, '62, '74, 

J. M. Chapin, 1863, '64, 

H. E. Rawson, 1865, '66. 



A. D. Hammond, 1868, 

Allen Hayward, 1870, '71. 
J. S. Collins, 1872, '73. 

William L. Isham, 1875, 

J. J. Isham, 1878. 

In November, 1878, Gilsum was classed with 
Sullivan, and Francis C. Minor was representa- 
tive. In 1880 Gilsum was classed with Sul- 
livan, and the representative was from the 
latter town. L. E. Guillow, 1882-83 ; George 
B. Kawson, 1884-85. 

Ecclesiastical.- The Congregational Church 
was organized October 27, 1772; the first 
church building was erected and dedicated in 
1794, and the first pastor was Rev. Elisha 
Fisk, installed May 29, 1794. Other pastors 
have been Revs. E. Chase, S. S. Arnold, Wil- 
liam Hutchinson, Henry White, George Lang- 
don, J. Tisdale, Ezra Adams, E. E. Bassett, 
Horace Wood, Silvauus Hayward and George 
W. Rogers, present pastor. 

The Methodist Church. — A Methodist Church 
was organized here, in 1843, by Rev. Samuel 
S. Dudley, and in 1848 a house of worship 
was erected at a cost of fourteen hundred 
and fifty dollars. The church was disbanded 
in about 1874, and the house sold to the town. 
Rev. John Gove was probably the first preacher 
of this faith here in 1801. The late Bishop 
Elijah Hedding preached here in about 1806. 

The Baptists also held services here for some 
time, but the church is now extinct. A Chris- 
tian Church also once existed in Gilsum, and 
also a branch of the Mormon Church, or " Lat- 
ter-Day Saints," both extinct. 

Physicians. — The first physician in Gilsum 
was Abner Bliss. Among other physicians 
were Benjamin Hosmer, Henry Kendrick, 

Obadiah Wilcox, J. E. Davis, B. Palmer, Isaac 
Hatch, Dudley Smith, T. S. Lane, G. W. 
Hammond (he was one of the prominent men 
of the town and an eminent physician ; he 
was a member of the Constitutional Convention 
of 1850, member of the State Senate in 1855-56, 
and died January 30, 1872, at the age of 
seventy years), K. D. Webster, C. C. Bingham, 
C. F. Kingsbury, A. H. Livermore, M. E. 
Loveland, A. R. Gleason and I. A. Loveland. 

Military Record, 1861-65. — The follow- 
ing were in the service from this town : 

Thomas W. Bingall. 
Joseph Collins. 
S. H. Howard. 
H. H. Nash. 
John A. Blake. 
S. W. Bridge. 
J. L. Davis. 
J. W. Everdon. 
A. R. Gleason. 
G. J. Guillow. 
Isaac W. Hammond. 
C. H. Harris. 
Franklin Nash. 
S. D. Nash. 

Temple Baker. 
G. W. Bancroft. 
L. White. 

C. H. Wilcox. 
G. C. H. Deets. 
A. E. Howe. 
John Howard. 
M. J. Howard. 
E. G. McCoy. 
A. A. Morse. 
H. H. Nash. 
O. Nash. 

E. E. Roundy. 

F. W. Roundy. 
H. E. Wilcox. 
Lucius Davis. 

Jotham Bates. 
C. W. Spooner. 
A. H. Waldron. 

The first three secured substitutes ; the fourth 
paid commutation of three hundred dollars. 
The following were also drafted : 

H. L. Bates. 
Joel Cowee. 
J. Guillow. 

G. H. McCoy. 
C. E. Crouch. 

All but the last-named secured substitutes. 
There were also, in addition to the above twenty- 
one substitutes furnished. 




The town of Harrisville was formerly a part 
of the towns of Dublin and Nelson, and incor- 
porated by an act of the Legislature in the year 
1870. The following is that portion of the 
act defining its territorial limits : 

" An act to constitute the town of Harrisville from 
a part of the towns of Dublin and Nelson. 

" Section 1. That all that part of Dublin and all that 
part of Nelson lying within the following lines and 
boundaries to wit : Beginning at a stake marked ' D. 
M.,' standing in the line of Marlborough and Dub- 
lin at the southwest corner of lot No. 22, in the 
eighth range in said Dublin ; thence north the length 
of three degrees in the lines of Marlborough and 
Roxbury, to the northwest corner of Dublin at a 
stake marked ' D. R.;' thence south, seventy-nine 
degrees and forty-five minutes east, seven rods to the 
southwest corner of the town of Nelson at a stake 
marked ' D. N.,' 1864; thence north, eleven degrees 
east, the length of one lot to a stake marked ' N. R., 
1864' ; thence south, seventy-nine degrees and forty- 
five minutes east, to a stake standing on the east shore 
of Breed Pond, so called ; thence northerly on the 
east shore of said pond the length of one lot to a 
stake and stones; thence south, seventy-nine degrees 
and forty-five minutes east, on the northerly line of 
lots in the third range in said town of Nelson from 
the north line of Dublin to a stake and stones stand- 
ing in the westerly line of the town of Hancock marked 
'N. H. ;' thence south, twelve degrees and thirty 
minutes west, to the southwest corner of Hancock 
and the southeast corner of Nelson to a stake stand- 
ing in the wall ; thence south, seventy-nine degrees 
east in the line of said Hancock and Dublin eight 
hundred and seventy-nine rods to a stake and stones ; 
thence south on the line of Hancock and Dublin and 
Peterborough and Dublin to the southeast corner of 
No. 1, in the eighth range of lots in said Dublin, at a 
stake and stones; thence westerly on the south range- 

line of range eight in said Dublin to the place of 
beginning : be and the same is hereby severed from 
the towns of Dublin and Nelson and made a body 
politic and corporate by the name of Harrisville." 

Section 7 of said act authonized Milan Harris, 
Darius Farwell, Milan W. Harris, or any two of them 
to call the first meeting of the town. Agreeably to 
the authority here given them they proceeded to 
call the first meeting of the town by posting the fol- 
lowing warrant : 

" (L. S.) The State of New Hampshire to the in- 
habitants of the town of Harrisville, as constituted 
by an act of the Legislature passed July 2, 1870, 
qualified to vote in town affairs : You are hereby 
notified to meet at Eagle Hall, in said town, on Satur- 
day, the thirteenth day of August next, at one of the 
clock in the afternoon, to act upon the following sub- 
jects : 

" 1. To choose a moderator to preside in said meet- 

" 2. To choose all necessary officers and agents for 
the present year. 

" 3. To see if the town will authorize the selectmen 
to borrow such sums of money as may be necessary 
to defray the expenses of the town. 

" Given under our hands and seals this twenty-ninth 
day of July, 1870. 

"Milan Harris, ) Authorized 
"Darius Farwell, I to call 
"Milan W. Harris, | said meeting." 

On the 13th day of August, 1870, 
agreeably to the above call, was holden the first 
town-meeting ever held in Harrisville. It was 
a bright, sunny day of the latter part of the 
summer, when nearly every voter in this new 
town assembled to take part in this, their first 
town-meeting. Samuel D. Bemis was chosen 
moderator ; Stephen L. Randall, clerk ; and Dar- 
ius Farwell, Samuel D. Bemis and George 
Wood were chosen selectmen ; and Hon. Milan 



Harris was chosen agent of the town to act with 
the selectmen in the settlement of affairs with 
the towns of Dublin and Nelson. 

At the annual town-meeting in 1871 the 
following were the town officers : 

Samuel D. Bemis, moderator ; Stephen L. Randall, 
clerk ; Darius Farvvell, Samuel D. Bemis, selectmen ; 
Hon. Milan Harris, representative to Legislature. 

1872. — Samuel D. Bemis, moderator ; Frank P. 
Ward, clerk ; Samuel D. Bemis, George Wood, 
George F. Tufts, selectmen; Samuel D. Bemis, rep- 
resentative to Legislature. 

1873. — Darius Farwell, moderator; Stephen L. 
Randall, clerk ; Darius Farvvell, Zophar Willard, 
Luther P. Eaton, selectmen ; Hon. Milan Harris, 
representative to Legislature. 

1874. — Samuel D. Bemis, moderator; Stephen 
L. Randall, clerk ; Samuel D. Bemis, Zophar Wil- 
lard, Luther P. Eaton, selectmen ; Aber S. Hutch- 
inson, representative to Legislature. 

1875. — Samuel D. Bemis, moderator ; Charles C. 
P. Harris, clerk ; Samuel D. Bemis, Orlando Fogg, 
Joel F. Mason, selectmen ; Abner S. Hutchinson, 
representative to Legislature. 

1876. — Samuel D. Bemis, moderator; Charles C. 
P. Harris, clerk; Samuel D. Bemis, Francis Strat- 
ton, Daniel W. Barker, selectmen ; Luke Tarbox, 
representative to Legislature. 

1877. — Samuel D. Bemis, moderator; Fred. Colony, 
clerk ; Samuel D. Bemis, George F. Tufts, Winslow 
Royee, selectmen ; Sylvester T. Symonds, represen- 
tative to Legislature. 

1878. — Samuel D. Bemis, moderator ; Fred. Colony, 
clerk ; Samuel D. Bemis, George F. Tufts, Winslow 
Royce, selectmen ; Sylvester T. Symonds, representa- 
tive to Legislature. 

1879. — Samuel D. Bemis, moderator ; Fred. Col- 
ony, clerk ; Darius Farwell, George Davis, George 
Wood, selectmen. 

1880. — Samuel D. Bemis, moderator ; George F. 
Tufts, clerk ; George Davis, Joel F. Mason, Aaron 
Smith, selectmen. 

1881. — Samuel D. Bemis, moderator; George 
Davis, clerk ; Samuel D. Bemis, Charles C. Farwell, 
Everard C. Willard, selectmen ; George F. Tufts, 
representative to Legislature. 

1882. — Francis Stratton, moderator ; George Davis, 
clerk ; Samuel D. Bemis, Charles C. Farwell, Ever- 
ard C. Willard, selectmen. 

1883. — Samuel D. Bemis, moderator ; George 
Davis, clerk ; Samuel D. Bemis, Charles C. Farwell, 

Everard C. Willard, selectmen ; George F. Tufts, 
representative to Legislature. 

1884. — Francis Stratton, moderator ; George Davis, 
clerk ; Charles C. Farwell, Everard C. Willard, se- 

1885. — Samuel D. Bemis, moderator ; George Da- 
vis, clerk ; Aaron Smith, Francis Stratton, Jacob G. 
Lakin, selectmen. 

In 1876, Samuel D. Bemis was chosen dele- 
ffote to the convention to revise the Constitution. 
The number of votes cast for President have 
been as follows : 

1872.— Horace Greeley, 66 ; U. S. Grant, 95. 

1876.— Samuel J. Tilden, 101 ; R. B. Hayes, 93. 

1880.— Winfield S. Hancock, 89 ; James A. Gar- 
field, 82. 

1884. — Grover Cleveland, 73 ; James G. Blaine, 
68 ; scattering, 4. 

Manufacturing of Wooden-ware and 
Lumber.— The manufacture of wooden-ware was 
first commenced in what is now Harris ville by 
George Handy and Nathaniel Greely, in 1838. 
Mr. Greely soon sold out to Mr. Handy, who 
continued the business many years. Handy did 
a business of about ten thousand dollars a year. 
About 1850 these mills were sold to Asa Fair- 
banks, who run them five years. Samuel W» 
Hale, now ex-Governor Hale, came in posses- 
sion of them. In 1860 he sold them to El- 
bridge G. Bemis, by whom they were rebuilt and 
much enlarged and improved. He owned them 
about five years. They are now owned by 
Charles C. & Henry J. Farwell, by whom 
they have been further improved and the busi- 
ness greatly enlarged. Just below the factories, 
and near the Centre village, A. E. & M. K. 
Perry, in 1845, built a saw-mill and box-shop, 
and for a number of years did an extensive bus- 
iness in the manufacture of shoe-boxes. In 1855 
this mill was destroyed by fire and rebuilt. 
It is now owned by Zophar Willard, who does 
a large business in the manufacture of clothes- 
pins, cloth-cases and dimension lumber. At 
this mill, when owned by the Messrs. Perry, a 
terrible accident occurred. Charles K. Mason, 
Esq., now one of the leading citizens of Marl- 
borough, while attempting to adjust a belt upon 



a grindstone, had his left arm torn from his 
shoulder. In 1849, ElbridgeG. Bemis, George 
W. Bemis and Sylvester T. Symonds erected a 
large wooden-ware shop just below the "Great 
Meadows," on the stream that takes its rise 
in Breed Pond, now called Silver Lake. The 
year following they built a saw-mill upon the 
opposite side of the stream. Quite an exten- 
sive business was carried on here in the manu- 
facture of wooden- ware and lumber for a good 
many years, but the business is now so depressed 
that but little is done. These mills are now 
owned by S. T. Symonds, one of the original 
owners, and his son, Dana T. Symonds. In 
1869 a new dam was built just above these mills, 
by the Breed Pond Company, which converts 
the " Great Meadows " into a reservoir. The 
first saw-mill in the west part of the town 
was built by Moses Adams, on lot eighteen, 
range ten. The second was erected by Eli Green- 
wood, and stood where the grist and saw-mill 
built by Lambert L. Howe, now stands. This 
mill was destroyed by fire in 1878. It has 
been rebuilt several times. In August, 1826, 
it was carried off by a cloud burst upon Monad- 
nock Mountain. This was the same night as 
the slide upon the White Mountains, which 
caused the destruction of the Willey family ; 
the mill was carried to the meadows below T , 
almost intact, and from there up the stream 
from Breed Pond, which here intersects with it, 
opposite where the railroad depot now stands. 
There was no perceptible rise of water in the lat- 
ter stream except from the water which ran 
up from the overflow of the stream below. In 
1834 a saw-mill was built by Robert Worsly 
and Lyman Russell, on land of Worsly, about 
one- fourth of a mile above the mill just de- 
scribed. It afterwards passed into the hands of 
Nathan & Heath, who added a clothes-pin shop. 
This mill has been demolished a number of 

Railroad. — For a great many years the 
project of a railroad from some point on the 
line of railroad running through the eastern and 

central part of the State, through this town to 
Keene, thereby connecting the eastern and 
western parts by rail, was from time to time 
considerably agitated. Several surveys previous 
to the year 1870 had been made, and the pro- 
ject was found to be entirely feasible. A com- 
pany was soon 'formed which offered to build 
the road, provided a gratuity of two hundred 
thousand dollars could be raised to assist them 
in its construction. With the exception of the 
town of Dublin, all the towns and the city of 
Keene upon the line of the road voted gratui- 
ties varying from two and one-half to five per 
cent, on their valuations. In Dublin several 
town-meetings were held, and while a majority 
of the voters voted for the gratuity, the requi- 
site two-thirds required by law could not be ob- 
tained. The people of the manufacturing por- 
tion of the town, which is now Harrisville, 
were unanimously in favor of the proposed 
gratuity, while those in the exclusively farming 
portion of Dublin, thinking that they might 
not receive quite as much benefit from a rail- 
road as their neighbors in the manufacturing 
part of the town, — a rather narrow view to take 
as a general rule — steadfastly refused to vote the 
gratuity. In consequence of this refusal, a peti- 
tion was presented to the Legislature of 1870 
to sever that part of Dublin and Nelson de- 
scribed in this chapter, and have the same con- 
stitute a new town, to be called Harrisville, in 
compliment to the Messrs. Harris, who had 
been so largely instrumental in building up the 
manufacturing at the village ; this petition was 
favorably considered and a charter granted in 
accordance, which was received by great demon- 
strations of joy by almost every person within 
the limits of the new town On the 10th day 
of August, 1872, a town-meeting was held and 
a gratuity of five per cent, was voted almost 
unanimously. Owing to the great business de- 
pression which followed soon after, the matter 
was allowed to rest until 1876, when a perma- 
nent survey was completed and the work of 
grading commenced in August of the same 



year ; before its completion, however, the funds 
of the company became exhausted, and the en- 
terprise remained at a standstill until 1878, 
when the road was completed, and trains com- 
menced to run. There are now four passenger- 
trains daily over the road, and a heavy business 
is done in the carrying of freight, with the bus- 
iness constantly increasing. There are three 
depots in town, — one at the east part, one at the 
Centre village and one at West Harrisville. 
The old towns run mail stages to Harrisville, 
and the benefit to this and the adjoining towns 
can best be estimated after we consider that we 
were formerly twelve miles from any railroad 
facilities. Harrisville would not part with her 
railroad for ten times five per cent. 

Business Statistics. 1 — Bethuel Harris, son 
of Erastus Harris, of Med way, Mass., came to 
this place a.d. 1786, destitute of pecuniary 
ability. He having bought his time of his 
father when eighteen years old, having learned 
(he carpenter's trade, worked at that business 
about five years, when he purchased two hundred 
and eighty acres of land lying partly in the 
town of Nelson and partly in Dublin, mostly 
woodland, which, in addition to his trade, he 
improved for five years. His w T ife was daugh- 
ter of Abel Twitchell, of Dublin, who was the 
first inhabitant of this place. Bethuel Harris 
had ten children, — six sons and four daughters. 
He continued his carpentering and agricultural 
business until 1813, w r hen his health failed, 
being; much troubled with sciatica. At this 


time he purchased water-power and a small 
building, and commenced, in a very limited de- 
gree, the business of manufacturing woolen 
goods, which, to a considerable extent, was done 
by hand, as power-looms and spinning were not 
known at that time ; but, in 1817, he increased 
the building and added machinery, putting his 
sons, as fast as old enough, at work in that busi- 
ness. In 1821 he built a large, three-story 
brick house, and moved from his farm down 
near his mill. This was the second dwelling 

x By Charles C. P. Harris, Esq. 

built near this water-power. In 1825, Bethuel, 
in company with his oldest son, Cyrus, built a 
commodious brick mill and filled it with im- 
proved machinery, increasing the business of 
manufacturing four-fold. They continued the 
business for six years, when his son Cyrus 
retired from the company ; Bethuel contin- 
ued alone for two years ; when his son 
Cyrus returned and purchased a half-interest 
and continued the business for five years; 
Cyrus then retired and built a large brick 
store building, also a large stone mill on 
the water-power next below that of Bethuel 
Harris', in 1846—47, when, on the completion 
of the building, his health failed. Accordingly, 
he did not fill the building with machinery. 
On the 14th of April, 1848, said Cyrus Harris 
deceased. The mill which he built went into 
the possession of Colony & Sons. It has been 
successfully operated by them until the present 
time, they having improved and greatly in- 
creased the property. The present corporate 
name of the company is Cheshire Mills Com- 

Bethuel Harris was born at Medway, Mass., 
August 14, 1769; he came to this place when 
but seventeen years old. After working with 
his father for some years, he commenced busi- 
ness on his own account at his trade. He was 
a man of much energy and decision of charac- 
ter, a just man and much respected among all 
his acquaintance. He persevered in whatever 
he engaged in, and, for the most part, was 
moderately successful. Although striving under 
many discouragements, yet he overcame many 
obstacles. He not only succeeded in carpen- 
tering and agricultural business, but he was the 
chief instrument in establishing the manufac- 
turing business, which has proved to be the 
business of the place, and has been continued 
by him, his sons and the Messrs. Colony up to 
the present time, in a great degree very success- 
fully. Bethuel Harris was not only a just, up- 
right and straightforward man, but, for a man 
of his pecuniary ability, which was very limited 



at the first, he was very charitable and liberal, 
always showing his Christian faith by his 
works of generosity and liberality in every good 
cause, having in view the good of his fellow- 
beings both in this present and the future 
world, believing that faith without works is 
dead, being alone. He not only con- 
tributed about three thousand dollars for the 
erection of church buildings, but five years be- 
fore his decease gave the church, for a perma- 
nent fund, twelve hundred dollars; he also pre- 
sented each of his children (ten in number) with 
a valuable slip, or pew, in the church ; also, he 
provided a family cemetery on what is called 
the Harrisville Island, presenting each of his 
children a nice and beautiful lot for their use 
and for their families', amounting, for slips and 
cemetery grounds, to nearly twelve hundred 
dollars. Therefore, we have a living evidence 
of the fruits of a devoted and just life of a hum- 
ble man. Very much more could be said of 
his private character and life, both public and 
private, but the writer, being a direct descendant 
from the said Bethuel Harris, refrains from 
saying anything further, hoping and trusting 
that his memory may long be revered by gen- 
erations yet to come in his lineage and descent. 
Milan Harris, second son of Bethuel Harris, 
at the age of thirty years, in the year 1829, pur- 
chased the old Twitchell water-power, at the 
Twitchell Pond (so called), on which was a 
saw and grist-mill, which he ran for one year. 
when he, in connection with Henry Melville, 
of Nelson, built a commodious brick mill, three 
stories high, in 1833; but, before the building 
was filled with machinery, his partner, Henry 
Melville, deceased. Said Harris continued in 
the completion of the mill, and put in one set of 
machinery fjr manufacturing woolen goods, and 
commenced manufacturing, and carried on the 
business for some three or four years, after 
which Almon Harris, the third son of Bethuel 
Harris, connected himself with Milan Harris in 
said business, when the company was known 
by the name of M. & A. Harris, who contin- 

ued the business successfully until 184G, when 
Almon Harris retired from the company and 
went to Fishersville, N. H., and built a large 
mill at that place and carried on the manufac- 
turing business very successfully during his 
life, some thirty years. After Almon Harris 
retired from the company of M. & A. Harris, 
Milan Harris continued the manufacturing 
business until 1858, when his oldest son, 
Milan W. Harris, became associated with him. 
The company was then known by name of M. 
Harris & Co. until about 1872, when it was 
incorporated under the name of M. Harris' 
Woolen Manufacturing Company, and contin- 
ued until the corporation was dissolved, about 

Baptist Church. 1 — So far as it can be as- 
certained, several families of the Baptist faith 
and order lived in the northwest part of the 
town, and in neighboring towns, at an early 
period. The first mention of the Baptist Society 
in the town records is found in the following 
article for a town-meeting, to be held April 2!), 
1784: "To hear the plea of those who call 
themselves the Baptist Society, for being ex- 
cused from paying Mr. Sprague's salary, and 
to act anything relating thereto, as the town 
may see proper." Rev. Edward Sprague 
was the Congregational minister in the town at 
that time. In the petition presented to the 
town it was stated that the selectmen had rated 
them to Mr. Sprague for the year 1784, and 
they beg leave to tell them that they look upon 
it as an unjust and real grievance. At the 
town-meeting it was voted to excuse all those 
from paying Mr. Sprague's salary for the last 
year who had made a profession of the Baptist 
persuasion in this town, provided they bring a 
certificate from the clerk of their society that 
they were in communion with them before Mr. 
Sprague's salary was assessed, and they were 
excused for the present year. The Baptists in 
town at this time were a branch of the Baptist 

1 Prepared by Rev. J. P. Chapin, of Pottersville, N. H. 



Church in Richmond, under the pastoral care of 
Elder Maturin Ballou (the grandfather of the 
late President J. A. Garfield), the first Baptist 
minister who preached in town. He preached 
his first sermon in the house of John Muzzy. 
He preached in town occasionally till the close 
of the year 1785. 

December 7, 1785, the Baptists in this town 
were set off from the church in Richmond, and 
formed into an independent church, composed 
of thirty members. The church, previous to 
1797, held their meetings during summer in a 
barn ; in the winter around in private houses. 
After the formation of the church Rev. Isaiah 
Stone was employed as a minister for a season. 
Rev. Moses Kinney came next, August 23, 
1787, and remained till 1794. He was highly 
esteemed by the people, and ten were added to 
the church. The next minister was Rev. Elijah 
Willard, who came into this region from Fitch- 
burg, Mass., to keep school, and also preached 
for the Baptists. They invited him to become 
their pastor, and he was ordained May 11, 1794, 
being forty-three years of age, and he re- 
mained their pastor till 1829, thirty-five years. 
His was the longest and most successful pas- 
torate the church ever enjoyed. He was highly 
esteemed and dearly beloved by the church and 
by the people generally till the day of his 
death, which occurred August 19, 1839, in the 
eighty-ninth year of his age. During his pas- 
torate ninety -eight were added to the - church. 
In the third year of his pastorate the church 
built their first house of worship after the usual 
style of those days, — 1797. 

After the close of Elder Willard's pastorate 
Rev. Elias McGregory was sent to labor with 
the church by the State Convention, the church 
being in a very low state. Beiug well fitted 
for the work by his faithful and well-directed 
efforts, with the blessing of God, the church 
was revived. A Sabbath- school was started for 
the first time in the place, and has continued 
to the present time, and eighteen were added to 
the church. 

Rev. Mr. McGregory was succeeded by Rev. 
Clark Sibley, who was ordained June 2, 1831, 
and he remained about two years, adding 
fifteen to the church. He was succeeded by 
Rev. Harrison W. Strong, of whom there is no 

In 1837 fifteen members were dismissed to 
form a Baptist Church in Marlborough, which 
has since become extinct. During the period 
extending from 1833 to 1839 forty joined the 
church. February 23, 1839, James P. Apple- 
ton was ordained pastor, and he took nine into 
the church, and left May 1, 1840. D. P. 
French then supplied the church for a short 
time. On February 27, 1842, Rev. Henry 
Tonkin became the pastor of the church, and 
resigned March 29, 1843, twenty-six uniting 
with the church while he was pastor. In 1844 
the old house of worship was taken down and 
erected on the corner opposite District No. 2 
school-house. Rev. E. D. Fan* and Milton W. 
Ball supplied the church during this year and 
the following year, seven uniting with the 
church. Rev. Warren Cooper settled as pastor 
in August, 1845, and resigned in 1848, receiv- 
ing sixteen into the church. He was followed 
by Rev. Charles Cummings, who labored with 
much efficiency to build up the church. The 
church voted, December 1-5,1849, to reorganize 
for the sake of a closer walk with each other 
and with their Lord, but the initiatory steps for 
this measure were scarcely taken before their 
beloved pastor w T as suddenly taken from them 
by death. This sudden bereavement seemed to 
the smitten flock like a personal affliction, and 
probably quickened their movements in reor- 
ganizing the church on a plan he suggested as 
more efficient in promoting their spiritual en- 
joyment and growth in grace. Sixty members 
renewed their covenant obligations at this time, 
February 2, 1850. 

Henry Archibald commenced his labors with 
the church August 4, 1850, and remained 
about two years, taking two into the church. 
Then Lyman Culver was settled as pastor, 



July, 1852, and continued with them until the 
spring of 1856, receiving ten into the church. 

In the fall of 1855, Brother T. P. Briggs, 
a licentiate from the Baptist Church in Hins- 
dale, supplied the church for about six months. 
Although but twenty years of age, yet he was 
an earnest and faithful servant of Christ, and 
ten were added to the church. 

In May, 1856, Rev. W. W. Lovejoy began 
to supply the church one-half of the time for 
that year as pastor, and the next year he 
preached for them all the time, and remained 
with them till he died, in March, 1862. During 
his pastorate a parsonage was built (in 1857) 
and eighteen joined the church. 

In September, 1862, Rev. John Hunt became 
pastor of the church. In May, 1866, the 
church held a protracted meeting, and the pas- 
tor was assisted by Rev. W. \V. Clark, of 
Keene. Nine united with the church while 
Brother Hunt was pastor. 

At the annual meeting of the society in 
March, 1867, they voted to remove their house 
of worship to its present locality and remodel 
it, and also to dispense with the services of the 
pastor while repairing the house ; therefore 
Rev. J. Hunt left, having been with them four 
years and a half. The house was removed and 
the alterations completed at the close of the 
year 1868, at the cost of nearly three thousand 

In March, 1869, Rev. G. S. Smith settled as 
pastor of the church, and remained until Feb- 
ruary 23, 1873, and nine were added to the 

In May, 1873, Rev. Charles Newhall became 
pastor of the church, and resigned in Septem- 
ber, 1877, but, by the request of the church, he 
continued to supply them till the close of the 
year. During the winter of 1874 the church 
enjoyed a gracious revival of religion, in which 
the pastor was assisted by Rev. E. A. Whittier, 
an evangelist from Lawrence, Mass. Thirty 
were added to the church while Brother New- 
hall was with them. From August 1, 1878, to 

February 15, 1880, J. W. Merrill supplied the 

In December, 1880, the church invited Rev. 
J. T. Chapin, of Sutton, Mass., to become their 
pastor. He was in poor health during his 
term of service, and in May, 1884, he was 
obliged to resign, having received six into the 
church. September 7, 1884, Rev. J. R. Has- 
kins, the Baptist State Missionary, supplied 
the church for several Sabbaths, baptizing two. 

On December 7, 1885, this church was one 
hundred years old. During that time it has 
been served by twenty-three ministers, — fifteen 
pastors and eight stated supplies. 

The names of the deacons are John Knowl- 
ton, Elias Hemmenway, Charles Cummings, 
John Sprague, Joel Hart, Amos Sargeant and 
Micah Howe. Since the death of the two last, 
which occurred in 1871 and 1883, the church 
has not chosen any regular deacons. 

The whole number who have united with the 
church (including the thirty who formed the 
church) from December 7, 1785, to March 1, 
1885, is four hundred and ninety-four ; present 
number, seventy. 

Library. — By a vote of the town at its an- 
nual meeting, in March, 1877, a public library 
was established and the sum of two hundred 
and fifty dollars was appropriated for the pur- 
chase of books ; this, with two hundred dollars 
donated by individuals, was taken by the com- 
mittee chosen by the town, consisting of Aaron 
Smith, Cyrus H. Hayward and Edwin P. Hunt, 
and four hundred and forty-five volumes were 
purchased ; since this about one hundred dol- 
lars annually has been voted by the town, which, 
with the sums given by individuals, has enabled 
the committee to purchase new books until the 
whole number of volumes in library now num- 
bers ten hundred and fifty-six. For the first 
three years a room in the house of John T. 
Farwell was occupied for a library, and Mrs. 
M. J. Farwell appointed librarian. In 1880, 
Henry Colony, Esq., of Keene, a former resi- 
dent of the town, gave a piece of land in the 



most central part of the village for a site upon 
which to erect a building ; soon after a building 
owned by the town in a remote part of the vil- 
lage was moved to this spot and fitted up. The 
present librarian is Miss Bell Hutchinson. The 
library is open to all citizens of the town on 
every Saturday afternoon and evening, and is 
patronized by nearly every individual in it, es- 
pecially by the young, to whom it is of inesti- 
mable benefit. 


This village is situated in the northwest cor- 
ner of the town of Harrisville, and takes its 
name from the manufactory of brown earthen- 
ware, of which a large business was formerly 
done. Some five or six shops, employing a 
large number of hands, were at one time en- 
gaged in this industry. No business of this 
kind now exists. The cheapness of English white- 
ware and the low price of tin-ware has driven 
it almost entirely from the market. Sixty years 
ago brown earthen- ware was a kind of currency. 
Farmers in the vicinity of the potteries were 
glad to exchange their surplus products for 
it. They carried the ware to various parts 
of this and adjoining States and exchanged it 
for cash or such articles as were needed in their 
families. The first person to engage in the 
business was one by the name of Felton, from 
Danvers, Mass., and the last was John Clark, 
of East Cambridge, Mass. This village is now 
better known as West Harrisville, since the 
building of the Manchester and Keene Rail- 
road through the town, in 1878, and the naming 
of the station by the latter name. 

There are two saw-mills at this village and 
also two shops where wooden-ware has been 
manufactured to a considerable extent. 

Haeeisville Coxgeegatioxal Chuech. 1 
— In 1838 the population became more numer- 
ous, and Beth uel Harris proposed to his children 
that, as he was the first and most prominent 
cause of increase of citizenship, he did not feel it 

A , 

1 By Charles C. P. Harris, Esq. 

to be right for us to bring so many young peo- 
ple together without making an effort to give 
them some moral advantages and privileges, 
there beino; no church services within four 
miles ; therefore, the subject of furnishing a 
suitable place to accommodate occasional reli- 
gious services was proposed, and arrangements 
were made for building a house to accommo- 
date private schools and religious meetings. 
The building was completed in 1840, said 
Bethuel Harris contributing over two-thirds of 
the total expense, which was about one thousand 
dollars. At the time this vestry was built no 
one had supposed that a church would be organ- 
ized in this place for years. Bethuel Harris 
and his family belonged to the church at Nel- 
son. August 28, 1840, on account of existing 
circumstances, it was thought expedient and 
necessary by this community that, for the good 
and advancement of the cause of our Lord and 
Saviour Jesus Christ, a new church should be 
organized. Therefore, Bethuel Harris and cer- 
tain individuals, members of the church at 
Nelson, nineteen males and twelve females, pe- 
titioned said church for a dismission for the ob- 
ject of being organized into a new church at 
this place; also for the church at Nelson to 
unite with them in calling an ecclesiastical coun- 
cil for the purpose of organizing them into a 
Second Orthodox Congregational Church ; said 
church voted to grant said petitioners' request 
September 1, 1840, and chose a committee to 
unite with them (said petitioners) in calling said 
council. Said committees voted to invite the 
following churches to act by their pastors and 
delegates on said council, viz. : Church at Swan- 
zey, N. H. ; church at Troy, N. H. ; church at 
Antrim, N. H. ; church at Warwick, Mass. ; 
and church at New Ipswich, N. H. 

Said council convened at Harrisville (so- 
called) September 22, 1840. Organized by 
chosino- Rev. Elisha Rockwood moderator and 
Rev. Samuel Lee scribe. After hearing re- 
marks and statements from all interested, the 
council voted to hold a private session. In 



private session the said council voted unani- 
mously that it is expedient to organize said pe- 
titioners as a distinct church, and that the coun- 
cil is now ready to proceed to the public services 
of organization, which services were held at 
this date, September 22, 1840. The church 
chose Cyrus Harris moderator. September 27, 
1840, Rev. R. C. Hatch, of Norwich, Mass., 
acted as pastor, when thirteen were added, — four 
males and nine females, — making in all forty- 
four members. The desk was supplied by dif- 
ferent neighboring pastors from September 27th 
until December 11, 1840, when the Rev. Jo- 
siah Ballard was employed as pastor for an in- 
definite time ; he continued his pastoral services 
until February 4, 1841, when he resigned. 
Rev. Mr. Tisdale supplied until April 15, 1841. 
April 18, 1841, Rev. O. C. Whiton commenced 
his labors as pastor for ah indefinite time. At 
this time the subject of building a church edi- 
fice was proposed to the church by Bethuel 
Harris, with certain propositions, viz. : The 
church was to raise what they could to defray 
the expenses, and he, said Bethuel, would sup- 
ply what might be lacking. The church edifice 
was erected, a brick structure of good size, and 
finished by August 11, 1842, and it was dedi- 
cated at that date. The expense of said house 
was about thirty-five hundred dollars, Bethuel 
Harris paying about three-fifths of it. At the 
dedication of the church edifice the Rev. O. C. 
Whiton was installed over the church, to the 
great satisfaction of all interested, both church 
and people. 

When the church gave him a call to settle with 
this church and people as pastor, his definite an- 
swer was, after much consideration and prayer for 
divine direction : " I have decided to live and 
labor with you, die with you and lay my bones 
with yours." October 17, 1845, Rev. O. C. 
Whiton died, greatly beloved by all who knew 
him ; his remains lay buried in the Island 
Cemetery, at Harrisville. His pastorate was 
about four and a half years; thirty-one new 
members were added to the church u nder his 

pastorate. November 1, 1845, Rev. Jeremiah 
Pomeroy commenced his labors as acting pastor 
for an indefinite time; continued as such, giving 
good satisfaction to church and people for about 
three years and nine months, when he resigned. 
Twenty-three new members were added to the 
church under his ministration. 

Rev. Daniel Babcock commenced his pastor- 
ate January 6, 1850, under contract for one 
year; he closed his pastoral labors January 5, 
1851 ; one new member was added during his 
pastorate. Rev. William G. Tuttle commenced 
preaching under license February 20, 1851 ; 
was ordained as pastor over church and society 
April 1G, 1851, which position he filled to the 
entire satisfaction of all classes until Auirusf 
22, 1860, about nine years, when, on account of 
failing health, he resigned his pastorate, and 
was, by council, dismissed, August 22, 1860. 
There were twenty-five new members added to 
the church under Mr. Tuttle's pastoral labors. 
Rev. A. Rawson, of Thompson, Conn., supplied 
the desk mostly to May 1, 1861. 

Rev. J. K. Bragg commenced as acting pas- 
tor for one year from June 1st, and closed his 
labors June 1, 1862. One was admitted under 
his pastorate. Rev. Mr. Marshall supplied the 
desk as acting pastor from August, 1862, to 
August, 1863, according to contract. Rev. Mr. 
Cochrane supplied the desk from September, 
1863, to September, 1864. Rev. Mr. Dexter 
(Methodist clergyman), of Marlborough, N. H., 
supplied the desk from September, 1864, to Jan- 
uary, 1865, to the satisfaction of all interested. 

Rev. Charles M. Palmer commenced preach- 
ing January 1, 1865, and continued preaching 
under license from Andover Seminary until 
December 8, 1868, when he was ordained pas- 
tor over the church and society; he continued 
his pastorate until May 7, 1871, when, by his 
request, he was dismissed by council. There 
were twenty-three new members added to the 
church under his pastorate. Rev. Mr. Palmer 
was much beloved by the church and people of 
his charge. 



Rev. Amos Holbrook commenced as perma- 
nent pastor November 19, 1871 ; he was elected 
moderator January 1, 1872. 

Rev. Mr. Holbrook's pastorate was very ac- 
ceptable to church and society ; he continued 
his labors as pastor in a most faithful manner 
until July 2, 1876, four years and ten months, 
when, on account of the circumstances of his 
family, he resigned July 26, 1876. There were 
added to the church under his pastorate fifty- 
eight new members. The desk was supplied 
from July 7, 1876, mostly, to March 20th by 
Rev. Mr. Coolidge, of Hancock, N. H., to the 
entire satisfaction of the church and people. 
Rev. William Thurston commenced his services 
as acting pastor April 1, 1877, and con- 
tinued until June 29, 1879, at which date 
he resigned his pastorate. There were six new 
members added to the church during his pastor- 
ate. Rev. George Beckwith commenced his 
services as acting pastor October 31, 1879, and 
continued his services until April 1, 1881, when 
he resigned. There were five new members 
added to the church under Mr. Beckwith's pas- 

torate. Rev. George H. Dunlap, formerly of 
Charlestown, N. H., commenced his pastoral 
labors with this church May 1, 1881. There be- 
ing a union formed between this church and the 
Congregational Church at Nelson, Mr. Dunlap 
became acting pastor over the church at Nelson, 
the same as this church, performing all the pas- 
toral duties in both churches to the full satis- 
faction of both churches and peoples. Two new 
members have been added to the church at 
Harrisville since Mr. Dunlap became pastor. 
Total membership since organization is 220, of 
whom 103 have been dismissed by letter to 
other churches, 55 have died, and 1 1 have been 
excommunicated, leaving, at this date, (April 1, 
1885) 61 members in regular standing, of which 
20 are non-resident members, leaving 41 resi- 
dent members. Virtually, this church has been 
a missionary church, many having come here 
to labor in the mills, and, after being here for a 
time, united with the church ; afterwards, mak- 
ing their residences at other places, they asked 


and received letters of dismission and recom- 
mendation to other sister-churches. 



Geographical- Original Grant— Early Settlements-Names 
of Pioneers— Incorporation of Town— First Town-Meet- 
ing—Officers Elected— Town Clerks— Representatives 
—Ecclesiastical History— Congregational Church— Con- 
gregational Church, East Jaffrey-Baptist Church-Uni" 
versalist Church-Schools— Lawyers— Physicians-War 
of the Revolution— War of 1812-War of the Rebellion 
— Post Offices— Banks— Population— Railroads. 

The town of Jaffrey lies in the southeastern 
part of the county, and is bounded as follows : 
North, by Marlborough and Dublin ; east, by 
Peterborough and Sharon; south, by Rindge 
and Fitzwilliam ; west, by Fitzwilliam, Troy 
and Marlborough. It is fifteen miles from 
Keene, the shire-town of the county ; forty-five 
from Concord, the capital of the State ; and 
sixty-two from Boston,— seventy-eight by rail- 

The area is about twenty-two thousand acres ; 
about one thousand is covered with water, and 
the uninhabitable area of the mountain in Jaf- 
frey is about three thousand two hundred acres. 
The surface of the town is hilly and moun- 

The Grand Monadnock is situated in the 
northwest part of the town and south part of 
Dublin. Its highest peak is a little south of 
the line of Dublin, and has an altitude of 3186 
feet above the level of the sea and 2029 feet 
above the centre of the town. The mountain is 
celebrated as a summer resort. 

i Condensed mainly from " History of Jaffrey/' a work 
of six hundred and fifty pages, hy Daniel B. Cutter, pub- 
lished in 1880. 

The town was granted by the Masonian pro- 
prietors, under the name of Middle Monad- 
nock, No. 2, November 30, 1749, to Jona- 
than Hubbard and thirty- nine others, resi- 
dents of Hollis, Lunenburg and Dunstable. 
The Masonian proprietors were residents of 
Portsmouth and vicinity, twelve in number, 
who purchased of John Tufton Mason, great- 
grandson of Captain John Mason, for fifteen 
hundred pounds, his right and title to a tract of 
land lying in New Hampshire, granted to said 
Captain John Mason by the Council of Plym- 
outh in 1629. The purchase was divided into 
fifteen shares, of which Theodore Atkinson had 
three shares, Mark H. Wentworth two shares, 
and Richard Wibbard, John Wentworth, John 
Moffat, Samuel Moore, Jotham Odiorne, George 
Jaffrey, Joshua Pierce, Nathaniel Meserve, 
Thomas Wallingford and Thomas Packer, one 
share each. Nine additional members were af- 
terwards admitted, and the shares increased 
to eighteen. The new members were John 
Rindge, Joseph Blanchard, Daniel Pierce, John 
Tufton Mason, John Thomlinson, MathewLiv- 
ermore, William Parker, Samuel Solly and 
Clement March. The territory is described as 
" extending from the middle of the Piscataqua 
river, up the same to the fartherest head thereof, 
and from thence northwestward until sixty 
miles from the mouth of the harbor were fin- 
ished ; also, through Merrimack river to the 
fartherest head thereof, and so forward up into 
the land westward until sixty miles were fin- 
ished, and from thence overland to the end of 



sixty miles accounted from the Piscataqua river, 
together with all lauds within five leagues of 
the coast." 

Immediately after the purchase the above- 
described tract of laud was divided by the pro- 
prietors iuto townships. Those around the 
Monadnock Hills, as the mountain was then 
called, were named Monadnocks, designated 
by numbers. 

After the survey of the township and the 
division of it among the proprietors, to en- 
courage settlement a bounty of one hundred 
and forty-two pounds was offered to the 
first five men who, with their families, should 
settle within one year from this date (June, 
1750) and remain one year, and in the same 
proportion to one or more families complying 
with the above condition. Whether any 
settlement was made does not appear from 
any known record. A traditionary report 
makes it appear that a family by the 
name of Russell (Joel Russell) did attempt a 
settlement in the south part of the town, 
and while there had a son born, who was the 
first white child born in the township. Whe- 
ther he settled soon enough and remained long 
enough to receive the bounty does not appear. 
In 1752 we have a reliable account of a settle- 
ment by Moses Stickney, Richard Peabody and 
seven others, and that while there Simon Stick- 
ney, son of Moses, was born December 9, 1753, 
making him the first white child -born in 
Jaffrey, aside from the Russell tradition. This 
settlement of Stickney and others proved a fail- 
ure, through fear of Indians, and they all left 
except a man known as Captain Platts, probably 
the pioneer of Rindge. 

The first permanent settlement was made 
about 1758 by John Grout and John Davidson. 
Grout settled on lot 20, range 10, and David- 
son on lot 21, range 3. Grout was a prominent 
man. He made, with Gilmore, an early report 
of the settlement of the town to the proprietors. 
He died in 1771. There is a tradition that he 
was buried where the meeting-house was after- 

wards built. John Davidson remained a per- 
manent settler, and died in 1811. It is also re- 
ported as true that his eldest daughter, Betsey, 
was the first white child born in Jaffrey. 

List of the pioneers of Jaffrey, per report of 
Gilmore, Grout and Hale : 

John Borland. 

David Hunter. 

Joseph Caldwell. 

Ephraim Hunt. 

James Caldwell. 

John Little. 

James Caldwell, Jr. 

Andrew McAlister 

Thomas Caldwell. 

Alex. McNeil. 


William Mitchel. 

Daniel Davis. 


Joseph Dnnlap. 1 

James Nichols. 

John Davidson. 1 


Thomas Davidson. 

Jona. Parker. 

Thomas Emery. 



John Swan. 

Roger Gilmore. 1 

William Smiley. 1 

John Gilmore. 1 

Joseph Turner. 1 

John Grout. 1 

William Turner. 1 


Thomas Turner. 

Enoch Hale. 

Solomon Turner. 



John Harper. 1 

George Wallace. 

Wid. Henderson. 

Thomas Walker. 

Joseph Hogg. 1 

Robert Weir. 

William Hogg. 1 

Mathew Wright. 1 

Robert Holmes. 

Leranus Wright. 

Jona. Hopkinson. 

The settlement of many of the first inhabitants 
was of short duration. They seemed to be a 
log cabin population, fond of living in a forest. 
Most of them were Scotch-Irish from London- 
derry. Of those who became permanent set- 
tlers of that race, were John and Roger Gil- 
more, William Smiley, Joseph Turner, Joseph 
Hodge, William Turner and William Hodge. 
After the incorporation of the town a large emi- 
gration from Massachusetts purchased their 
lands, with all of the improvements, and became 
the permanent settlers of the town. 

Of the history of the settlers reported by 
Grout, Gilmore and Hale, but little is known. 
Alphabetically arranged, we find the first on the 
list to be John Borland. He was the first set- 

1 Permanent settlers. 



tier in what is now East Jaffrey, and built the 
first mills in that place. In 1778 he sold his 
place to Deacon Eleazer Spofford, of Dan vers, 
and left town. 

Four families by the name of Caldwell — 
James, James, Jr., Joseph and Thomas — were 
among the first settlers. When the town was 
incorporated, the name of James Caldwell ap- 
pears on a committee chosen to procure preach- 
ing, and Thomas Caldwell is represented in 
Hale's report as the owner of a saw-mill on lot 
No. 22, range 5. Nothing more is known 
of the family of Caldwell. 

The name of Thomas Emery is found in 
Hale's report as the owner of the right of 
Nathaniel Pierce, which included the lot on 
which was built the Milliken tavern, afterwards 
the farm of John Felt, and now (1873) of 
Levi Brigham, and also the farm of Clarence 
S. Bailey. 

Solomon Grout settled on lot 13, range 9, — 
the Isaac Bailey farm, — and was road surveyor 
in 1774 and selectman in 1776. 

A Widow Henderson, by Grout and Gil- 
more's report, settled on lot 17, range 3, now 
the farm of S. ( Jarfield. 

Jonathan Hopkinson's place of settlement is 

Robert Holmes was from Londonderry ; his 
brother Abram settled in Peterborough. He 
settled on lot 12, range 3, afterwards the farm 
of Joseph Thorndike, John Conant and Frank 
EL Cutter. The first frame house in Jaffrey is 
reported to have been built on that farm, per 
report of Grout and Gilmore. 

David Hunter settled on lot 5, range 6, after- 
wards the farm of David Gilmore, Esq., now 
(187(5) the farm of Marshal C. Adams. When 
the first military company was organized he was 
chosen ensign. 

John Little settled on lot 15, range 4, now 
the farm of John Quin. He was highway 
surveyor in 1774. His successor appears to 
have been Simpson Stuart. 

Alexander McNeil settled on lot 12, range 5, 

and was, by tradition, the first inn-keeper in 
Jaffrey. From the town records, he appears to 
have been quite a prominent man. In 1774 he 
was chosen one of a committee to procure preach - 
iug, one of a committee to examine the accounts 
of the selectman and constable, and one of the 
committee to build the meeting-house. In 1775 
he was one of the Board of Selectmen, and 
moderator of the annual town-meeting in 1776. 
In 1779, at the annual town-meeting, the town 
voted that Alexander McNeil should not keep 
tavern. He probably left town soon after. 

William Mitchel settled on lot 12, range 4, 
afterwards the farm of James Gage and his son, 
Jonathan Gage. Present owner, Michael D. 
Fitzgerald. In 1774 he was chosen auditor of 
accounts and deer-reeve; in 1775, surveyor of 
roads and sealer of leather; 1776, surveyor of 
roads. He probably left town in 1777 or 1778. 

Andrew Me A lister settled on lot 14, range 4, 
afterwards the farm of John Briant, now owned 
by Samuel D. Jewell. 

James Nichols settled on lot 17, range 1, 
afterwards owned by Benjamin Cutter, Benjamin 
Frost, John Frost and John Frost, Jr. ; now 

John Swan was owner of lot 6, range 4 ; lot 
5, range 5; and lot 21, range 6. On which lots 
he settled is not known. 

Thomas Walker was owner of lot 16, range 2 ; 
lot 7, range 6 ; lot 11, range 1. On which he 
settled is not known. 

George Wallace, settlement unknown. 

Robert Weir settled on lot 6, range 5. In 
1773, when the town was incorporated, he was 
chosen one of the auditors of accounts and high- 
way surveyor; in 1776 he was chosen town 
clerk and first selectman. 

Leranus Wright settled on lot 14, range 8. 
His successor was Francis Wright, inn-keeper. 
When the town was incorporated, in 1773, the 
town-meeting was held at his place. The farm 
is now owned by Dana S. Jaquith. 

Most of the early settlers were born in the 
State of Massachusetts, some in Londonderry, 



N. H., some in England and some in Ireland. 
David Bailey was born in England ; John 
Davidson and William Smiley in Ireland. 
They were a race of hardy adventurers, inured 
to toil and hardship, fit inhabitants for a new 
township. They were mostly young men, un- 
married, in search of a future home. They made 
a purchase of land, cleared a few acres, built 
thereon a cabin or log house, returned to their 
original home, and there married and took with 
them their wives, with their household furniture, 
to the home in the forest, — a bridal tour full of 
hope and expectation of a rich future reward ; 
not only a reward of gold and silver, but one of 
a large progeny. In that they were not often 
disappointed, as the emigration from Jaifrey, in 
after -years, to the States of Vermont, New York, 
Ohio and most of the Western States, will 
abundantly verify. The sons and daughters of 
Jaifrey and their descendants may be found not 
only in town, but in most of the cities East and 
West, holding positions of wealth, honor and 

Incoeporation of Town. — The town was 
known by the names of Monadnock, No. 2, 
Middle Monadnock and Middletown, until it 
was incorporated by the Governor and Council, 
August 17, 1773, and named in honor of Hon. 
George Jaffrev, a member of the Council. The 
first meeting of the proprietors was held in the 
house of Joseph French, of Dunstable, January 
16, 1750. 

The first town-meeting was held September 
14, 1773, as follows: 

" Jaffrey Sept. 14, 1773. 

" Then the Freeholders and Inhabitance of s d town 
being meet agreeable to the foregoing Warrant, 

" l stly Choose Capt. Jonathan Stanley moderator to 
Govern s d meeting. 

" 2 ly Choose mr W m Smiley Town Clerk. 

"Choose Capt. Jonathan Stanley, Fust Selectman. 

" mr. W m Smiley See d Selectman. 

" mr. Phineas Spaulding third Selectman. 

" Choose Mr. Roger Gilmore, Tythingman. 

" Choose Hugh Dunlap and John Harper, Field- 

" Choose John Davidson, Constable. 

" Choose Roger Gilmore, Robert Wire and Samuel 
Sherwin a Committee to Count with the Selectmen 
and Constable. 

" Choose David Allen, W m McAlister, Robert Wire, 
Ephraim Hunt, W m Turner and John Gilmore, Soy- 

" Choose Mr. W m Hogg and Mr Joseph Wright 
Fence Vewers." 

"Jaffrey Sep* 28. Then the Freeholders and In- 
habitance of s d town being mett agreeable to the Fore- 
going Warrant, 

" l ly Choose Capt. Jonathan Stanley moderator to 
govern s d meeting. 

" 2 ly Voted Eighty Pounds L : M : to be worked out 
on the Rods. 

" 3 ly Voted that Capt. Jona. Stanley, Alexander 
Mc-Neiil and Jeames Caldwell be a Committee to 
Provide supplies of Preaching for s d town. 

"4 !y Voted six Pounds Lawful Money to support 
the Gospel in said town. 

" The second Town Meeting held in s' 1 Town Sept. 
28, 1773." 

The following persons appear to have been 
voters at the time of the organization of the 
town : 

" David Allen. 
John T. Anderson. 
Stephen Adams. 
Thomas Adams. 
Jethro Bailey. 
Isaac Baldwin. 
John Borland. 
John Briant. 
Kendall Briant. 
Alpheas Brigham. 
Jona. Blodgett. 
George Clark. 
Jeames Caldwell. 
Henry Coffren. 
Joseph Cutter. 
Daniel Davis. 
John Davidson. 
Robert Dunlap. 
Hugh Dunlap. 
Thomas Emory. 
Wm. Fisher. 
John Gilmore. 
Roger Gilmore. 
Robert Gilmore. 
Hiram Greene. 
Oliver Hale. 
John Harper. 

Ebn r Ingals. 
Jona. Jewett. 
John Little. 
Alex r Mc-Neal. 
W m Mc-Alister. 
Peter Mc-Alister. 
W m Mitchell. 
Samuel Milliken. 
W m Miliken. 
Dennis Orgon. 
Samuel Pierce. 
Jacob Pierce. 
Oliver Proctor. 
Jona. Priest. 
Daniel Priest. 
Daniel Priest (2 d ). 
W m Smiley. 
Jona. Stanley. 
David Stanley. 
Phineas Spaulding. 
Sam 1 Sherwin. 
Joseph Thorndike. 
Joshua Thorndike. 
W m Turner. 
Joseph Turner. 
Nathaniel Turner. 
Simon Warren. 



Johu Hanley. 
Elias Hathorn. 
Eben r Hathorn. 
Elred Hetrech. 
Jason Hemingway. 
W ffl Hogg. 
Joseph Hogg. 
David Hunter. 
Ephraim Hunt. 

Peter Warren. 
Isaac Wesson. 
Eph'" Whitcomb. 
Robert Wier. 
Matthew Wallace. 
Sam' Woodbury. 
Mathew Wright. 
Francis Wright. 
Joseph Wright." 


Wm. Smiley, 1773, '74, '75, '77, '83. 

Robert Weir, 1776. 

Roger Gilmore, 1778, '79, '95, '9G, "97, '98, '99, 1800, 

Adonijah Howe, 1780, '81, '82, '91, '92, '93, '94, 
1802, '04, '06, '07, '08. 

Jedediah Sanger, 1785. 

Abel Parker, 1789. 

Alex. Milliken, 1790. 

David Smiley, 1803, '04. 

David Page, 1805. 

Samuel Dakin, 1806, '07, '08, '0!), '10, '11, '12, '13, 
'14, '15. 

Oliver Prescott, 1816. 

Wm. Ainsworth, 1817, '18, '19, '20, '21. 

Henry Payson, 1822, '23, '24. 

Thomas Adams, 1825, '26, '27, '28, '29, '30, '31, '32. 

Benj. Cutter, 1823, '24, '25, '26, '27, '28, '29, '42, '43, 
'44, '45, '46, '47. 

Jonas M. Mellville, 1840, '41. 

John Fox, 1848, '49, '50, '51, '52, '53, '54, '55, '56, 
57, '58, '59, '60, '61, '62, '63. 

Joseph P. Frost, 1864, '65, '66, '67, '68, '69, '70, '71, 
'72, '73, '74, '75, '76, '77, '78, '79, '80, '81, '82, '83, '84, 

Those marked (*) were born in Jaffrey. 

Henry Cofl'een, May 11, 1775, to third Provincial 
Congress at Exeter. 

William Smiley, 1784. 

John Gilmore, 1785, '86. 

Abel Parker, 1787, '91, '92, '93, '97, '99. 

Benjamin Prescott, 1790, '96, 1809, '10, '11, '12, '13, 
'14, '15, '16, '17. 

Joseph Thorndike, 1794, '95, '98, 1800, '01, '02, '03. 

Adonijah Howe, 1804, '05, '18, '19, '20, '21. 

David Page, 1806, '07. 

Laban Ainsworth, 1808. 

Oliver Prescott * 1822, '23, '24, '25, '26. 

William Ainsworth * 1828, '29, 30. 

Levi Fisk, 1831,* '32, '33. 

John Conant, 1834, '35, '36. 

Edward Spaulding* 1837, 38, '39. 

Samuel Patrick,* 1840. 

John Felt, 1841, '42, '43, '44, '45, '47. 

Laban Rice, 1846. 

Peter Upton, 1848, '49, '50. 

John Fox,* 1851, '52, '53, '54. 

David C. Chamberlin * 1856, '57. 

John A. Prescott,* 1858, '59. 

Charles H. Powers, 1860, '61, '78. 

Samuel Ryan, 1862, '63. 

Frederick W. Bailey,* 1864, '65, '68, '69. 

Addison Prescott* 1866, '67. 

Benjamin Pierce,* 1870, '71. 

Frank H. Cutter,* 1872, '73. 

Alfred Sawyer,* 1874, '75. 

Joseph W. Fassett, 1876, '77. 

Thomas Annett, 1879, '80. 

John H. Fox, present representative. 


Asa Parker, 1826, '27. Levi Fisk, 1835, '36. 

E< 'clesi astk'AL — Congregational ( 'h urch. — 
The provisions of the Masonian grant required 
that a good, convenient meeting-house be built 
within six years from the date of the charter, 
and made provision for that purpose by a gift 
of three hundred acres of land. No meeting- 
house appears to have been built when the town 
was organized. The next year after, on the 
26th day of April, the matter of building a 
meeting-house was brought before the town. 
The town voted " to build one on the common, 
near the senter this and the ensuing year." 

" Voted, s d house is to be forty feet wide, Fifty-five 
in Lenth. Posts twenty seven feet in Lenth. Roger 
Gilmore, William Turner Alex r Mc-Neill a Commit- 
tee to see the same affected, the above Committee to 
Vendue s' 1 house to the last bider." 

At a meeting in July following, the town 

" Voted, to Reconsider their vote in Building a 
meeting-house also their vote in Chose of Committee, 
then Voted s d meeting-house Sixty feet in Lenth, 
Forty five wide, the Posts twenty seven feet in Lenth 
also Voted to have a Porch at each end of s d lions. 

" VotedMr. Roger Gilmore, Mr. Will"' Turner, Mr. 
Mathew Wallace be a Committee to see the work af- 
fected in Building s d house. 

" Voted that the Com"' shall Expose s d house to sail 
at Public Vendue by the first Wednesday of Sept next, 
also Voted that the Great timber of s d house be hewed 
by the first day of Deccm r next, also Voted Fifteen 



Pounds L. M. towards building s d house, to be Paid 
by the first day of December Next, also Voted that s d 
house shall be Raised by the Middle of June Next at 
the towns Cost. Voted sixty Pounds to be Paid by 
the middle of June next towards building s d house. 
Also Voted that the whole cost shall be Paid by the 
first of June in the year 1776 as the afors'd house shall 
be Finished. That the Fraim be well under Pined 
with good stone and lime, and the outside all well 
Compleated, and Collored like Rindge meting-house, 
and lower floor lead Duble, and Pulpit like that in 
Rindge meting-house all the above work compleated 
by the middle of June 1776." 

The house was completed in 1799, and in the 
following year the warrant for town-meeting had 
following article : 

" To see if the town will make any allowance to 
Capt. Henry Coffeen for the Barrel of Rum that he 
paid for, which was expended at the Raising of the 

" Voted that the Selectmen settle with Capt. Cof- 
feen in behalf of the town." 

The church was organized May 18, 1780, 
with the following members : 

Kendal Briant and wife Mary, (Martin). 

John Briant. 

Daniel Emery and wife, Jane. 

Eleazer Spofford and wife, Mary (Flint). 

John Combs and wife, Bathsheba. 

James Gage and wife, Sarah (Lamson). 

Oliver Proctor and wife, Elizabeth. 

Isaac Bailey and wife, Susanna. 

Isaac Baldwin and wife. 

John Wood and wife. 

Nehemiah Greene and wife. 

James Haywood and wife, Keziah Haywood. 

Jonathan Priest and wife. 

Ephraim Whitcomb and wife, Elizabeth. 

Jerome Underwood and wife, Lucy (Wheat). 

John Eaton. 

William Slack. 

The first regular pastor of the church was 
Rev. Laban Ainsworth, who continued in service 
nearly fifty years. 

In 1831, Rev. Giles Lyman was ordained as 
a colleague, and preached in town till 1837, 
when, on account of ill health, he received his 
dismission. He married, December 14, 1835, 
Louisa Whitney, of Winchendon. 

Josiah D. Crosby was settled in 1838, and 
dismissed in 1850. 

Leonard Tenney, settled 1845 ; dismissed 

John S. Batchelder, settled 1858; dismissed 

Rufus Case, settled 1868 ; removed 1875. 

The church has had no settled pastor since 
Mr. Case. The desk is at present supplied by 
Rev. W. W. Livingstone. 

The Congregational Church at East Jaffrey 
was organized in 1850 with twenty-three 
members. The pastors have been as follows : 
Rev. J. E. B. Jewett, George A. Adams, F. D. 
Austin, Silas W. Allen, D. N. Goodrich, Wil- 
liam H. Dowden, J. C. Staples and E. J. Riggs. 

Baptist Church. — The Baptist Society in 
Jaffrey was formed in April, 1820, and on 
April 6, 1829, the following notice was pub- 
lished in the Keene Sentinel, viz. : 

" We, Benjamin Prescott, Alpheas Crosby, Paul 
Hunt and others, have formed ourselves into a Reli- 
gious Society, by the name of the First Baptist 
Church and Society in Jaffrey, and are hereby known 
by that name. 

" Joseph Joslin, Clerk." 

The church was formed May 28, 1814. 


John Parkhurst, 1818. 
Elder Cummings, 1825. 
Calvin Greenleaf, 1831-35. 
Appleton Belknap, 1835-46. 
E. H. Bailey, 1846-61 ; died January 4, 1868. 
Franklin Merriam, 1862-65. 
A. E. Reynolds, 1866-69. 
E. J. Emery, 1869-71 ; settled in Swanzey. 
J. S. Haradon, 1873 ; died August 4, 1875. 
Leonard J. Dean, 1875 ; a graduate of Newton 
Theological Seminary. 
T. C. Gleason, present pastor. 

The meetings of the Baptist Church and 
Society were held, as voted, in the school-house 
in District No. 1 till 1822. In 1819 the Bap- 
tists were no longer taxed for the support of 
the minister settled by the town, but had the 
privilege of using the same for the support of 
the one of their choice. The use of the meet- 



ing-house for public preaching was, in 1822, 
also divided by the town among the different 
denominations of Christians according to the 
valuation of their property. From this time 
the Baptists occupied the house their propor- 
tion as assigned till 1839. 

On the 5th of February, 1829, the church 
voted to build a meeting-house near the house 
of Mr. Mellville, and chose Benjamin Prescott, 
Joseph Joslin and David Chadwick a commit- 
tee for that purpose. The house was completed 
and ready for use June 12, 1830, and dedicated 
June 30th. 

In 1873 the house was repaired, with the 
addition of a vestry, and such other improve- 
ments as were deemed necessary. 

Universalis Church. — The First Universal ist 
Society, Jaffrey, N. H., was organized Novem- 
ber 16, 1822. Captain John Stone was chosen 
moderator ; Caleb Searle, clerk ; John Cutter, 
treasurer ; Mr. John Cutter and Colonel Oliver 
Prescott, committee. 

Delphus Skinner. 
Warren Skinner. 
J. D. Williamson 
Robert Bartlet. 
J. V. Wilson. 
Stillman Clark. 
S. W. Squires. 
C. C. Clark. 


N. R. Wright and Andrew 
O. Warren. 

E. W. Coffin. 
J. P. McCleur. 
W. J. Crosby. 
James H. Little. 

F. W. Bailey, present pas- 

A church was formed in 1858. 

The present meeting-house was built in 1844. 

Schools. — In 1775, two years after the in- 
corporation of the town, eight pounds -were 
raised for a school, to be divided into five parts. 
In December of that year the town voted to 
sell one of the school lots and to use the inter- 
est on the proceeds of the sale for the support 
of a school. In 1777 the town voted to pay 
the interest of £100 for two years for the use of 
a school ; in 1778, £12 ; in 1779, £200 (depre- 
ciated currency); in 1781, £1000; in 1783, 
£50; in 1785, £50; in 1786, £30; in 1787, 
£40; in 1788, £40; in 1789, £50; in 1790, 
£40; in 1791, £60; in 1792, £65; in 1793, 

£80; in 1794, £80; in 1795, $200 Federal 
money ; afterwards the town raised what the 
law required. 

A school was taught here by Josiah Forsaith 
from 1807 to 1809, inclusive. 

In 1832 Mellville Academy was incorpora- 
ted. The grantees were Asa Parker, Luke 
Howe and John Fox. It was named in honor of 
Jonas M. Mellville, who made a very liberal do- 
nation in aid of the enterprise. In 1833 a suit- 
able building was erected, which is now used for 
a school-house. 

The school was opened in the fall of 1833 
under the instruction of Horace Herrick, prin- 
cipal, and Miss Aurelia Townsend, assistant. 
He remained till 1836. 

The following individuals were afterwards 
employed as teachers : Roswell D. Hitchcock, 
William Eaton, Harry Brickett, Charles Cut- 
ter, David C. Chamberlain, Sarah French. 
The academy continued in operation till the es- 
tablishment of the Conant High School. 

In 1868, John Conant, Esq., of Jaffrey, gave 
the town the sum of seven thousand dollars, 
the interest of which is to be used for the sup- 
port of a High School in said town. The town- 
house in the centre of the town was altered and 
repaired to meet the wants of the town. The 
lower story is used for the school and the upper 
one for a town hall. In 1872 the school was 
opened for instruction. The present principal 
is A. S. Annis. 

Lawyers. — David Smiley, Samuel Dakin, 
William Ainsworth, Albert S. Scott, Clarence 
A. Parks and J. B. Twiss. 

Physicians. — Adonijah Howe, Willis John- 
son, Abner Howe, M.D., Adonijah Howe, Jr., 
Luke Howe, D. C. Perry, Amasa Kennie, 
S. L. Richardson, R. R. Perkins, A. J. Gibson, 
G. A. Phelps and O. H. Bradley. 

War of the Revolution. — The follow- 
ing is a list of soldiers from Jaffrey in the 
Revolution : 

Ephraim Adams. 
Samuel Adams. 

Samuel Ober. 
William Osgood. 



Thomas Adams. 
George Atridge. 
Daniel Avery. 
Joseph Bates. 
Jonathan Blodgett. 
John Brian t. 
Alpheas Brigham. 
Asaph Brigham. 
Joseph Brooks. 
Simeon Burt. 
Joseph Cutter. 
Moses Cutter. 
Nathan Cutter. 
James Cutter. 
John Davidson. 
Mathew Davis. 
Jonathan Dean. 
Benjamin Dole. 
John Dole. 
Hugh Dunlap. 
Daniel Emery. 
Daniel Emery, Jr. 
James French, Jr. 
Robert Gilmore. 
John Gilmore. 
Dudley Griffin. 
Jacob Gould, Jr. 
John Hale. 

Lieutenant John Harper, 
Daniel Harper. 
Ebenezer Hathorn. 
James Haywood. 
Ebenezer Ingals. 
Benjamin Jacquith. 
John Mathews. 
William McAlister. 

Benjamin Prescott. 

Moses Peabody. 

Joseph Perkins. 

Jacob Pierce. 

Kendall Pierson. 

William Pope. 

Jonathan Priest. 

Asa Priest. 

Oliver Proctor. 

James Reed. 

Abraham Ross. 

Bezaleel Sawyer. 

Jesse Snow. 

Michael Silk. 

William Smiley, Jr., died 
in service, at Ticondero- 
ga, 1776. 

Phiueas Spaulding. 

Benjamin Spaulding. 

Jonathan Stanley. 

Samuel Stanley. 

James Stevens. 

John Stone. 

Benjamin Stone. 

John Taggart. 

Jonathan Taylor. 

Peter Tower. 

Lieutenant William Tur- 

Samuel Wier. 

Joseph Wilder. 

Ezra Wilder. 

Ephraim Whitcomb. 

Elias Whitney. 

Cotton Whiton. 

Francis Wright. 

The following is a list of soldiers, of the 
Revolution, not included in the above list, who 
settled in town during or after the war : 

Stephen Adams. Francis Mason. 
Lieutenant Oliver Bacon. Lieutenant Abel Parker. 

Isaac Bailey. AVhitcomb Powers. 

Isaac Bailey, Jr. William Redfield. 

Hart Balch. Joseph Bobbins. 

Jacob Baldwin. Moses Stickney. 
Lieutenant Samuel Buss. Moses Stickney (2d). 

John Cox. David Stratton. 

Thomas Dutton. James Turner. 

William Emery. Henry Thompson. 

Samuel Emery. Lieutenant Jerome Under- 
Nathan Fish. wood. 

Jonas Gerry. Isaac Wesson. 

Thomas Goff. Silas Wilder. 

Nathan Hunt. Abel Winship. 

John Lake. Ithamer Wheelock. 

Lieutenant Benj. Law- Thomas Wheelock. 

rence. Joseph Wright. 

War of 1812. — The following soldiers from 
the town served in the War of 1812 : 

Oliver Warren, captain 

Daniel Adams, received $11.20 

Thomas Chadwick, received 10.69 

David Chaplin, received 11.20 

Ethan Cutter, received 4.50 

Isaac Cutter, received 20.78 

Samuel Dutton, received 11.00 

James Eaton, received 11.20 

Walter Eaton, received 11.20 

Austin George, received 10.44 

Robert Goff, received 9.33 

Henry Hapgood, received 16.12 

Stacy Hodskins, received 16.12 

Moses Hunt, received 16.12 

Abel Nutting, received 16.12 

Philip Peak, received 11.29 

Moses Pierce, received 11.20 

David Sawtell, received 11.20 

Samuel Stratton, received 13.43 

War with Mexico, 1846. — David Cutter 
and George F. Cutter from this town served in 
the Mexican War. 

War of the Rebellion. — Number of men 
who enlisted and were in service was 151 ; 
number killed in battle, 5 ; number who died 
in the service, 23. 

Charles W. Webster, quartermaster, Fourteenth Regi- 

C. Frederick Webster, first lieutenant, Fourteenth 
Regiment ; promoted to quartermaster. 

Charles W. Adams, Second Regiment, Company A. 

Lysander A. Adams, Sixth Regiment, Company F. 

John Q. Adams, a marine ; died at Portsmouth. 

Benj. Abanton, Ninth Regiment, Company I. 

Warren F. Allen, Sixth Regiment, Company F. 

Henry A. Atherton, Sixth Regiment, Company E. 

Calvin Bailey, Sixth Regiment, Company F. 

Spencer L. Bailey, second lieutenant, Fourteenth 

Almon W. Bailey, Sixteenth Regiment; died. 

Harvey N. Bailey, Troop D. 

Charles Baker. 

John F. Berry. 



Christopher Bartenbach, Fourteenth Regiment, Com- 
pany G. 

Hiram Bennet, Troop B. 

John F. Briant, Second Regiment, Company A. 

Edmund Brady, Ninth Regiment, Company B. 

James T. Brown, Fourteenth Regiment, Company G. 

Samuel L. Bolles, Troop C. 

Alonzo Butterfield. 

Henry Buckwould, Sixteenth Regiment, Company F. 

Jacob Buckwould, Fourteenth Regiment, Company G. 

Charles A. Carter, Fourteenth Regiment, Company G. 

Oscar Eugene Carter, died. 

John Caldwell, Eighth Regiment; died. 

Daniel M. Colburn, Ninth Regiment, Company I. 

Lysander J. Coudray, Sixteenth Regiment, Company 

Edwin R. Cutter, Fourteenth Regiment, Company G. 

Edward E. Cutter, Fourteenth Regiment, Company G. 

Gustavus A. Cutter, Fourteenth Regiment. 

John C. Cummings, Sixteenth Regiment; died. 

John W. Darling, died. 

Frank DeWier. 

Frederick Donaldson, Troop C. 

Charles W. Diamond, Second Regiment, Company C. 

James Dadwell, Sixth Regiment, Company E. 

Morty Downs, Tenth Regiment, Company K. 

James R. Douglass, Troop D. 

Charles D. Emery, Fourteenth Regiment, Company G. 

Charles Farouch, Eleventh Regiment, Company C. 

Luther W. Fassett, Sixteenth Regiment, Company E. 

Danvers C. Fassett, Heavy Artillery. 

Joel E. Fassett, Fourteenth Regiment, Company E. 

John Flynn, Eleventh Regiment, Company C. 

John Frost, Fourteenth Regiment, Company G. 

George Gilmore, Ninth Regiment. 

William T. Cleason, Sixth Regiment, Company I. 

William H. Goodrich, Fifth Regiment, Company H. 

Theodore Hanscomb, Sixth Regiment, Company H ; 
promoted to captain. 

John S. Hartwell, Fourteenth Regiment. 

John H. Hartwell, Second Regiment, Company A. 

John Hecker. 

Horace J. Hill, Third Regiment, Company I. 

Peter Hogan. 

William Hoyt, Eleventh Regiment, Company I. 

Andrew Johnson, Ninth Regiment, Company K. 

Robert Jones, Troop. 

.!<>shua R. Joslin, Second Regiment, Company H. 

Henry H. Joslin, Second Regiment, Company II. 

Joseph H. Joslin, Second Regiment, Company A. 

Albert N. Joslin, Fifth Regiment, Company F. 

John F. Kidder, Sixth Regiment, Company E. 

Charles D. Kimball, Sixteenth Regiment, Company F. 

Elisha A. Kingsbury, Sixth Regiment, Company E. 

Dexter B. Knowlton, Sixteenth Regiment. 

Joseph S. Lucy, Sixth Regiment, Company F ; died. 

David W. Lacy, Sixteenth Regiment, Company I. 

Charles D. Law, Fourteenth Regiment, Company G. 

John Leathers, Fourteenth Regiment, Company G. 

George L. Lowe, Fourteenth Regiment, Company G. 

Andrew Lindsay, Sixteenth Regiment, Company F. 

George H. Long, Troop D. 

Jerome W. Leighton, Fifth Regiment, Company F. 

Alvin H. Martin, Fourteenth Regiment, Company G. 

Chas. B. Merrifield, Fourteenth Regiment, CompanyG. 

John McCunn, Troop B. 

Lawrence Montgomery, Troop H. 

Henry F. Morse, Fourteenth Regiment, Company G. 

Nahum W. Mower, Fourteenth Regiment, Company G. 

Thomas S. Mower, Fourteenth Regiment, Company G. 

Barnard Mulligan, Troop A. 

Charles H. Nutting, Fourteenth Regiment. 

Edward N. Nutting, Sixteenth Regiment, Company F. 

Jacob Newell, Jr., Sixteenth Regiment Company F. 

Henry C. Osburn, Fourteenth Regiment, CompanyG. 

James E. Petts, Fourteenth Regiment, Company G. 

Samuel Paine, Eleventh Regiment, Company C. 

Albert S. Pierce, Fourteenth Regiment. 

Henry Pierce. 

Gurley A. Phelps, Fourteenth Regiment. 

Joel H. Poole, Fourteenth Regiment, Company G. 

John W. Poole, Fourteenth Regiment. 

Ivers E. Pollard, Fourteenth Regiment, Company G. 

Levi Pollard, Second Regiment, Company A. 

Oren D. Prescott, Fourteenth Regiment, Company G. 

George P. Preston, Sixth Regiment, Company K. 

Leonard Rand, Fourteenth Regiment, Company C. 

Jonas C. Rice, Fourteenth Regiment, Company G. 

Herbert C. Richardson, Fourteenth Regiment, Com- 
pany G. 

George W. Richardson, Fourteenth Regiment, Com- 
pany G. 

Darius P. Richardson, Fourteenth Regiment, Com- 
pany G. 

Edmund F. Ritchie, Second Regiment, Company A ; 

Henry Ritchie, Sixth Regiment, Company E; died. 

Darius Ritchie, Sixteenth Regiment, Company I. 

George C. Ritchie, Sixteenth Regiment, Company I. 

Abram Robins. 

William B. Robbins, Ninth Regiment, Company G. 

Alfred Robbins, Fourteenth Regiment, Company G. 

William H. Wolf, Fourteenth Regiment, Company G. 

Benjamin Sanford, Sixth Regiment, Company D. 

Charles A. Sargent, Eleventh Regiment, Company C. 

Grenville Shedd, Fourteenth Regiment, Company G. 



Leonard E. Spaulding, Fourteenth Regiment, Com- 
pany G. 
Austin A. Spaulding, .Fourteenth Regiment, Com- 
pany G. 
Leander Spaulding. 
Alfred Spaulding. 

Daniel W. Stevens, Sixth Regiment, Company F. 
Henry A. Smith, Fourteenth Regiment, Company G ; 

Charles M. Smith, Fourteenth Regiment, Company G. 
Samuel A. Stratton, Sixth Regiment, Company F. 
Ira Smith, Sixteenth Regiment, Company I. 
Aaron Smith, Eighth Regiment. 
Henry Stevens, Sixth Regiment, Company C. 
Josiah Stebbins, Sixteenth Regiment, Company F. 
George Steele, Sixth Regiment, Company F. 
Philip Stedman, Sixth Regiment, Company D. 
Levi E. Stedman, Eleventh Regiment, Company D. 
Elbridge G. Tarbox, Fourth Regiment, Company I. 
Jackson Taggart, died in prison. 
Martin Tehu, Troop C. 

Henry A. Thompson, wounded. 

Joseph S. Thompson, Fifth Regiment, Company K. 

Francis Thompson, Sixth Regiment, Company F. 

Henry A. Turner, Fourteenth Regiment, Company G. 

Albert S. Verder, Sixth Regiment, Company E. 

Charles W. Verder, Fourteenth Regiment. 

Sylvanus W. Waters, Sixth Regiment, Company K. 

Charles "Wilson, Seventh Regiment, Company D. 

John Wilson, Eleventh Regiment, Company C. 

Frank Wetherbee, sharpshooters. 

George F. Wilbur, Troop B. 

Edwin F. Wheeler, Sixteenth Regiment, Company F. 

John F. Wheeler, Sixteenth Regiment, Company F. 


Clarence S. Bailey, captain Massachusetts Cavalry. 

Henry H. Cragin, Ohio Volunteers. 

William L. Cutter, Iowa Cavalry. 

Benjamin F. Lawrence, Massachusetts Battery. 

Lucius Upton, Massachusetts Battery ; died. 

John R. Verder, Connecticut Volunteers'. 

Whole number of soldiers in service, one 
hundred and fifty-one. 


Luther W. Fassett, Second Regiment, at Evansport, 
Va., April 2, 1862. 

Sylvanus C. Waters, Sixth Regiment, at Antietam, 
September 17, 1864. 

Frank Weatherbee, sharpshooters, at Antietam, Sep- 
tember 17, 1864. 

Henry Ritchie, Second Regiment, at Pegram House, 
Va., September 30, 1864. 

Charles Carter, Fourteenth Regiment, at Cedar Creek, 
October 19, 1864. 

Whole number killed in battle, five. 


Joseph Caldwell, Eighth Regiment, at Thibodeaux, 

La., 1862. 
Joel E. Fassett, Second Regiment, at Jaffrey. 
Edmund Ritchie, Second Regiment, at Philadelphia, 

October 2, 1862. 
Charles D. Emery, Fourteenth Regiment, at Wash- 
ington, November 14, 1863. 
Henry A. Smith, Fourteenth Regiment, at Poolsville, 

Md., January 7, 1863. 
Charles M. Smith, Fourteenth Regiment, at Pools- 
ville, Md., January 12, 1863. 
Almond W. Bailey, Sixteenth Regiment, at New Or- 
leans, June 7, 1863. 
John C. Cummings, Sixteenth Regiment, at Mound 

City, October 23, 1863. 
John W. Darling, Sixteenth Regiment, at Butte la 

Rose, La., May 17, 1863. 
Jacob Newell, Jr.. Sixteenth Regiment, at Baton 

Rouge, La., April 15. 1863. 
Hiram Bennet, cavalry, at Point Lookout, Md., Sep- 
tember 11, 1864. 
Daniel M. Colburn, Ninth Regiment, Virginia, No- 
vember 29, 1864. 
Charles A. Sargent, Ninth Regiment, at Salisbury, 

N. C, October 23, 1864. 
Leonard Rand, Fourteenth Regiment, at Camp Para- 
pet, May 28, 1864. 
Henry H. Cragin, 1864 ; an Ohio volunteer. 
Jackson Taggart, cavalry, at Andersonville, Ga., Sep- 
tember 21, 1864 ; grave No. 9460. 
John Q. Adams, at the Marine Hospital, 186-. 
Lucius Upton, August 7, 1864 ; Massachusetts Bat- 
Albert N. Joslin, Fifth Regiment. 
John F. Kidder, Sixth Regiment, at Alexandria, Va., 

November 11, 1862 ; grave No. 425. 
Harvey N. Bailey, cavalry, at Westford, Mass., March 

8, 1865. 
Joseph S. Lacy, Fifth Regiment, at Yorktown, Va., 

May 11, 1862. 
Oscar Eugene Carter, died. 

Whole number died of disease, twenty-three. 

Post-Office. — Peter Lawrence was the first 
postmaster. The office was probably established 
during the winter of 1801. 

April 1, 1846, the name of the office was 



changed to Factory village, and located in that 

On the 8th of December, Factory village was 
changed to East Jaffrey. 

The office at Jaffrey was re-established No- 
vember 6, 1846. 

Banks. — The Monadnock State Bank was in- 
corporated in 1850; capital, $50,000. John 
Conant was chosen president and Peter Upton 
cashier. Directors, John Conant, Benjamin 
Cutter, Jonas M. Mellville, James Scott, Rufus 
Haywood, Samuel Ryan, Jr., Solomon Allen. 
In 1855, John Fox was chesen president, and in 
1857, James SGott, of Peterborough. In 1865 
the Monadnock National Bank was incorpo- 
rated ; capital, $100,000. James Scott was 
chosen president ; Peter Upton, cashier. Ben- 
jamin Cutter was chosen president in 1870; 
cashier, Peter Upton. Peter Upton is the 
present president, and H. D. Upton, cashier. 

The present directors are Peter Upton, 

A. S. Coffin, B. D. Whitney, O. H. Bradley, 
Benjamin Pierce, Julius Cutter aud John II. 

Monadnock Savings-Bank was incorpo- 
rated in 1869. President, Oscar H. Bradley ; 
treasurer, Peter Upton ; the present trustees are 
O. H. Bradley (president), Benjamin Pierce, 
James S. Long, George A. Underwood, J. B. 
Stedd, J. T. Bigelow, Dexter Derby, C. B. 
Perry, John H. Fox, A. Sawyer, D. P. Emory, 
Julius Cutter and R. H. Kitrcdge. 

Population. — In 1775, at the beginning of 
the war, the number of inhabitants was 351. 
In 1783, 1033; in 1790, 1235; 1800, 1341; 
1810, 1336; 1820,1339; 1830, 1354; 1840, 
1411; 1850, 1497; 18G0, 1452; 1870, 1256; 
1873, 1288 ; 1880, 1267. 

The Monadnock Railroad was completed 
and opened in June, 1871. The first trip, from 
Winchendon to Jaffrey, was made November 
22, 1870. 




The early history of Marlborough, like that 
of the surrounding towns, is somewhat obscure 
and traditional. However, it is known that in 
the reign of King James I. Europeans came 
to this country and explored along the Merri- 
mack River, and that, as early as 1623, a settle- 
ment was made at Strawberry Bank (now 
Portsmouth). The settlers were few and mostly 
fishermen. Though the waters and lands in 
this region were inviting, immigration was slow 
because of the wildness of the country and the 
opposition of the Indians. Iu 1635 the Plym- 
outh Company, in order to promote settlements, 
divided up their property in New England 
among themselves before they surrendered their 
charter to the King, and the whole of w T hat 
now constitutes New Hampshire fell to the lot 
of Captain John Mason, who was one of their 
number. He at once took steps to forward 
settlements and opened the way for them into 
different parts of the State. At his death, No- 
vember 16, 1635, his grandson, Robert Tufton, 
assuming the name Mason, carried on the work 
and was permitted to witness many new settle- 
ments along the streams and on the hills. At 
his departure he left his estate to his two sons, 
John and Thomas, who became of age about 
1738. The entire State had now been surveyed 
and divided into townships. They at length ef- 
fected a sale of the unsettled parts to a company 
in the eastern division of the State, who be- 
came known as the " Masonian Proprietors." 
They soon directed their attention to lands about 
the Monadnock Mountain. No doubt, the 

ease with which these could be cleared, on ac- 
count of their elevation and the richness of the 
soil, attracted their attention, and so the way w r as 
opened for the settlement of eight townships 
around this grand old mountain. They were 
known as Monadnock No. 1, No. 2, etc. Marl- 
borough was Monadnock No. 5, and afterwards 
its name was changed to Marlborough by set- 
tlers who came from Marlborough, Mass. 

This brings us to the first settlement in 
town, which was by William Barker, a native 
of Westborough, Mass. He was one of the 
" original proprietors," and had drawn several 
lots in this division. Perhaps because of his 
financial interest, he was first led to explore the 
region in 1761, and select a lot on West Hill, 
on what is now a part of Troy. The next year 
he returned to the same place, with tools and 
provisions, to make a clearing for a future home. 
It is supposed he felled the first trees and con- 
structed the first camp in this then wild land. 
This must have been a lonely experience, by 
day and night. Still, he was ready to endure 
and persevere because of hope and promise. As 
his supply of provision was consumed, he 
turned his steps homeward, having made the 
beginning of a permanent settlement. In the 
spring of 1764 he returned and resumed his 
work of clearing, and built a log house, and so 
prepared the way for the removal of his family. 
Early in the ensuing fall, with his wife and 
three small children, they bid adieu to many 
kind friends and neighbors, and started on the 
long and trying journey to their new home. 
Their means of conveyance was an ox-team. 

This was a first-class mode of traveling at that 




time. They found a passable road from West- 
borough to Winchendon, Mass., but from the 
latter place they were obliged to select their 
own way and get on as best they could through 
the extended forests. Just how long it took 
them to make this distance of less than twenty 
miles, without any beaten track, no record 
shows. We can but surmise they must have 
been thankful when their destiny was reached, 
1 7th of September, with no disposition to re- 
trace their steps for the present. Now, see 
them in their rude home, really the first home 
in Marlborough. Their neighbors now are the 
bear and the bison, the wolf and the panther, 
the hawk and the partridge. Still it was home. 
Fancy could have but pictured to them better 
days and fairer scenes. They could have but 
felt they were sowing for others to reap. Noble 
adventurers they were, building better than 
they knew ! 

Isaac McAllister, not long after this first set- 
tlement, came hither to seek a spot for another 
home. His wife was a sister of Mrs. Barker, 
and so there were kindred attractions to draw 
these families near together. Mr. McAllister 
chose the lot which is known as the Deacon 
Farrar place. Here he made a log house, and 
before the winter set in it was occupied by his 
family, consisting of a wife and four children. 
This was the first settlement within the present 
limits of the town, and some four miles distant 
from Mr. Barker's. So, no doubt, during the 
winter of 176-4-65 these two families comprised 
all the inhabitants of Monadnock No. 5. How 
little we can know of the hardships and strange 
experiences of these early pioneers! There 
must have been some other motives than those 
of the mere adventurer prompting them in their 
risks and severe undertakings. It would seem 
they desired to do so that others might enter 
into their labors and become greatly blest. It 
was even thus. From that feeble beginning 
what an outcome ! Generations have come and 
gone, but that simple, sweet home-life in the 
wild forest has been preserved and multiplied. 

The two homes have been supplanted by the 
many. Thus it is, — the log hut first, the 
cottage afterwards ; the rude first, the cultured 

The first-born in town was Dolly, the daugh- 
ter of Isaac and Hannah (Goddard) McAllister, 
during the first winter they passed in Marlbor- 
ough. Their family continued to increase till 
it numbered five girls and six boys. We can 
little guess how and where these children 
played, when and how much they went to 
school, or how they spent their Sundays. But 
this we know : that, in spite of wilderness and 
unfavoring fortune, they blossomed out into 
noble manhood and womanhood. How true it 
is, that " necessity is the mother of invention " 
and character as well ! 

1765. — If no Horace Greeley, as yet, had 
said, " Young man, go West," still it was 
"westward, ho!" with the young men even at 
this early date of our country's history. So 
one Silas Fife, a young man, in this year hav- 
ing heard of Monadnock No. 5, with gun in 
hand and a well-filled knapsack on his back, 
bade adieu to his old home in Bolton, Mass., 
and alone set out for what seemed an Eldorado 
to him. No doubt, he had experienced fairest 
visions in sleep and wakefulness of an enchanted 
land, whither his adventurous spirit was bound 
to lead him. At length he pitched his camp at 
the foot of the Monadnock Mountain, on what 
was afterwards known as the Deacon Baker 
place. Here he began at once to make for him- 
self a future home, having obtained a title of 
this section of land. The fish of the brooks 
and the game of the woods furnished him 
mostly with food. In the course of a few sum- 
mers he had converted a portion of the wilder- 
ness into a farm, where he was raising corn and 
potatoes; and, more than this, he had built a 
good log house, which was too large for himself 
to occupy alone. The cage and the food were 
ready for some fairy bird. Accordingly, he re- 
turned to his native town, — probably to his first 
love, whose wooing had captured his heart long 



ago, — and took for his bride Abigail Houghton. 
They were married in Boston, and then made 
their wedding tour to their new home under the 
shadows of the Old Monadnock. Just how 
they traveled and how long it took them to 
reach their destination no record states. It is 
certain they were not drawn by any iron steed 
with lungs of fire and breath of steam, nor 
whirled over a macadamized road in a coach- 
and-four at the rate of two-forty. But " where 
there is a will, there is a way," and so in due 
time they found themselves settlers in the new 
town, united in hand and heart, to serve the 
race and forward civilization. 

In 1765, Benjamin Tucker and wife, with 
five sons and two daughters, came from Leices- 
ter, Mass., and settled not far south of the spot 
where the old meeting-house stood. They were 
well suited to pioneering service. They seemed 
to be abundantly supplied with good common 
sense. Though deprived of school advantages, 
they made the most possible out of present op- 
portunities. It is impossible to decide whether 
fate or fortune led Mr. Tucker to select the spot 
for his home ; however, it turned out to be very 
fortuitous, for the great highway from Boston 
to Keene passed directly by it ; so the log house 
of small quarters was supplanted at length by a 
more imposing structure, which was used as a 
tavern. lis proprietor, by tact, integrity and 
congeniality, became popular as a public enter- 
tainer. This house was the "place where the 
" Proprietors " delighted to meet for the trans- 
action of their business. No doubt, they were 
wont to have jolly experiences in their gather- 
ings, as well as discouraging adventures and 
almost insurmountable obstacles. It is fortunate 
they could laugh and weep, hope and fear, trust- 
ing all the while in an overruling Providence 
and willing for the right. Mr. Tucker acted 
an important part in the early public meetings, 
being often chosen as clerk, assessor or treasurer. 

This same year Daniel Goodnow, of noble 
stock, came from Marlborough, Mass., and took 
up his abode here. Just where he first resided 

is not known, but probably in that part of the 
town which was afterwards set off to Troy. 
He brought with him a wife and several chil- 
dren. If their history is somewhat deficient, 
we know they bequeathed good blood to after 

During this year Abel Woodward and his 
family settled in town on what has been known 
as the Joslin place in later times. For some 
reason he thus early sought the valley for his 
home, while other settlers had pitched their 
camps or built their log huts on high grounds. 
It is difficult for us to guess the motives that 
prompted these early adventurers. Great dis- 
parity of tastes and desires have always existed 
among men. Our forefathers could have been 
no exception to this law ; accordingly, they 
sought the hill and the vale; they loved the 
mountain and the valley; they delighted in 
having homes on highland and lowland ; they 
were fond of the novel, the picturesque and the 
sublime ; so they were ready to dare and do for 
rising generations. We now can dimly sur- 
mise the trials they experienced and the hard- 
ships they endured for the sake of those who 
should come after them. But they nobly 
wrought, and their names should be forever 

In 1766 the first town-meeting was held by 
the proprietors now settled in Monadnock No. 
5. It convened at the house of Isaac McAllis- 
ter. The object was to take steps towards lay- 
ing out roads through the township from Keene 
to Dublin, from Keene to Rindge and from 
Swanzey to Fitzwilliam. They evidently were 
conscious of the fact that public roads are a 
necessity for civilization and progress. Indian 
trails and spotted trees may answer the turn of 
wild men, but they can never satisfy the wants 
of advanced humanity. Roads must be built 
before the school- house or the church can exist. 
As soon as highways were made to the feudal 
castles, or to pass near them, they gave place to 
Gothic cathedrals. The Orients built pyramids 
for the dead ; the Occidents built roads for the 



living. As our forefathers opened up the first 
highways the straggling wigwams disappeared, 
and smiling cottages soon fringed the roads, 
thereby giving free course to commerce and the 
trains of wisdom and spiritual activity. How 
cheering it is that God works with men and 
crowds into their hearts vaster purposes and 
broader truths than, in their childish thoughts, 
they are wont to understand or appreciate ! 

In 1767 the first saw-mill was erected. We 
can hardly tell by whom or just when, but tra- 
dition says it was built at the confluence of the 
brooks near the school-house in District No. 4, 
and that Daniel Harrington controlled it. Dur- 
ing this year, it is said, Jedediah Maynard put 
up a frame house on what is known as the 
Artis Collins place, and which, in fact, con- 
stitutes a part of the house owned by his de- 
scendants at the present time. Another was 
built on the site of the Congregational Church 
by Abijah Tucker. These houses must have 
been quite a wonder in those days of log cabins, 
with their rude chimneys, thatched roofs and 
glassless windows. During this year the immi- 
grations to this town were much larger than they 
had been heretofore in the same period. Near 
the close of this year the Provincial Legislature 
required a census to be taken of the town, and 
the returns show that the population consisted of 

Unmarried men from 16 to 60 years of age 9 
Married men from 16 to 60 years of age. ...16 

Boys of 16 years and under 25 

Men 60 years and above 1 

Females unmarried 26 

Females married 16 

Total 93 

This, we see, is quite a settlement to have 
been made in some three years in the wilds and 
w< »ods of New England. During this or the 
following year a grist-mill and another saw-mill 
were built in the north part of the township, on 
what was afterwards known as the Richardson 
Brook. This was the first grain-mill in this 
region. Previously, the settlers had been 
obliged to go six and more miles to get their 

grain ground, following trails and roughest 
tracks. They must have learned what it was 
to earn their bread by the sw r eat of the brow. 
Stone relics of this old mill are to be seen at the 
present day. Its rudeness would bear a strik- 
ing contrast to the little machine which thumps 
away day and night in pumping and throwing 
water from the brook near where the old mill 
must have stood to buildings high on the hill. 
The last is better than the first ; the new than 
the old ; the cultivated garden than the wild 

In 1769 the proprietors felt the time had 
come to direct their hands and hearts towards 
building a meeting-house. They made it bind- 
ing on every owner of land to bear his share of 
the expense in accomplishing this noble work. 
It appears that there was general interest felt in 
this enterprise. Their experience and self-sac- 
rifices tended to excite their religious natures, 
and make them feel dependent on God and de- 
sirous to obey his commandments. We imag- 
ine when they came together for worship, it was 
in sincerity and truth. So their united hearts 
must have stimulated each individual soul in 
those trying times, causing them to feel " how 
good and how pleasant it is for brethren to 
dwell together in unity." 

The Incorporation of the Town. — 
From 1770 to 1774 there was a large in- 
crease to the population ; so much so, that it was 
felt an application should be made to the Pro- 
vincial Congress for the right of incorporating 
the township into a town. A committee 
accordingly was chosen to this end, and in 1 7 To 
a charter, or grant, w r as obtained. Henceforth 
they chose town offices and raised means ac- 
cording to the laws of the State to meet the de- 
mands of the town. Now they were soon en- 
abled to complete their meeting-house, provide 
for preaching and support one or more schools. 
In naming the town, some desired it to be 
called Oxford, others Salisbury, others Worces- 
ter and still others Marlborough. But, no 
doubt, the last name was decided upon because 



so many had emigrated to it from Marlborough, 
Mass , and that old town was dear to their 
hearts, and for this reason they delighted to 
honor and commemorate it. 

The records show the new town was presided 
over from its inception with a good show 
of dignity and honesty. The majority seemed 
bound to have things about right. They were 
forced to have some officers for their protection 
which have become obsolete, and we nowadays 
cannot see why there was ever a demand for 
them, such as tithingmen, deer-reeves and hog- 
reeves. The office of tithingmen was brought 
from England here. Even in parts of Great 
Britain the office is still kept up. Its design 
is to preserve the Lord's day holy. So the duty 
of the tithingmen was to keep order in the 
house of worship, to prevent all unnecessary 
labor and travel on Sunday. They were 
honored with a badge of the office, and occupied 
a conspicuous place in the church, that they 
might discover any improprieties during the 
service. It was their privilege to speak out in 
meeting if they saw any laughing, swearing or 
roguery. They frequently thought they had 
sufficient cause to exercise their authority, or, 
at least, it was no uncommon thing for them to 
rebuke and chastise right in sermon-time. Only 
think of men, women and children sitting on 
hard boards for two or three hours during the 
forenoon service, and as -long in the afternoon, 
listening oftentimes to prosy preaching and 
harsh singing ! Who could blame the old folks 
for nodding and the children for playing? If 
such were the order of Sunday service at the 
present day, we judge tithingmen would still be 
a necessity. Possibly, we are going to the 
other extreme, often preferring fifteen-minute 
essavs for sermons which hit nowhere, and 
operatic music which pleases the head, but 
touches not the heart. Perhaps, in our haste, 
we give the French, even, a chance to say of us, 
" How the Americans rush out of their churches 
and their cars ! " 

The duty of the deer-reeves was to protect 

the deer so that they should not be destroyed at 
unseasonable periods, or be cruelly treated at 
any time. Would it not be well if we could 
have officers appointed in this age to protect the 
harmless birds and quadrupeds ? Certainly, 
there is a demand for leagues to be formed to 
guard land and water, preventing cruelty to 

The hog-reeves were of special importance 
when our town was new, for the swine were 
allowed to run at large, and were as much given 
to rooting then as now. However, the law 
was that they should be yoked and their noses 
wrung. This was frequently neglected ; so much 
damage would be done by their roving and root- 
ing. The duty of the hog-reeve was to see that 
these creatures were properly equipped for their 
liberty. For some reason it became the custom 
to elect the recently married to this office. If 
it were not esteemed very honorable, at times 
it was verv onerous. This office was regarded 
as most essential for many years, and still stands 
on our statute books. But public opinion, if it 
does not always create the law r s, does execute 
them, if they are executed at all. For this rea- 
son we want public sentiment right, and then 
we will have good laws that can be put in force. 

The more we study and learn the facts of the 
first inhabitants of our town, the more we must 
be convinced that they were men of heroism 
and moral strength. They laid a good founda- 
tion ; they wrought grandly ; their example is 
worthy of imitation. As they felled the forest 
and dug up the soil, they sowed good seed, 
which is still yielding manifold. Their lives, 
as from some pure spring bursting from Mo- 
nadnock's lofty brow, have floated down to us 
on the currents of time, like the little boats, 
adorned with flowers and lighted with starry 
flames, which the South Sea Islanders set afloat 
on the seas to be borne to their descendants 
dwelling in fairer realms. So the flowers and 
lights of our ancestral past have filled our gar- 
dens with countless charms, and gilded our 
ways with brightest hopes. 




MARLBOROUGH— {Continued). 

At the breaking out of the Revolutionary 
War Marlborough was but sparsely settled. 
The census that was taken in 1775 gave three 
hundred and twenty-four inhabitants ; of this 
number, one hundred and forty-eight were fe- 
males and one hundred and four were boys 
under sixteen years of age ; so there could not 
have been more than sixty men qualified for 
military service. As British invasion was made 
on the 19th of April, 1775, the red-coats 
marched upon Lexington and Concord, and con- 
sternation and terrible anxiety spread through 
the whole land. Then we had no independent 
government ; at best, were only under colonial 
instructions. The total population of the coun- 
try then did not exceed three millions. But the 
first crack of British muskets and roar of 
British cannon, within our borders, startled our 
brave yeomanry throughout the land. Axes 
were dropped in the forests, plows were left in 
the fields, drums were beaten, bells were rung, 
muskets were snatched from over mantel-pieces, 
powder-horns and ball-pouches were slung over 
the shoulders, blankets were tied to the backs, 
men with determined minds and patriotic hearts 
were rushing to the fields of strife. Devoted 
wives and tender mothers could but weep bit- 
terest tears; still, they bid their noble husbands 
and brave sons go forth doing valiantly for 
God and country. Yes, a Stark quickly fled 
from his saw-mill at Londonderry, Putnam 
quit his farm at Pom fret without stopping to 
change his dress. All were bound to drive the 
enemy from our soil ; they were ready to tear 
down King George's statue and melt it into 
bullets to shoot clown British invaders. If 
from earliest time there had been a tendency to 
reverence the King, and trace one's pedigree 
to a kingly source ; if the heroes of Homer de- 
lighted to call Olympus father ; if the historic 
families of Sparta and Macedon clung to the 

all-seeing Zeus as their progenitor ; if the great 
Julius Csesar fancied that he was the son of the 
beautiful Aphrodite ; if the old Teutonic tribes 
believed that there was a sacredness in be