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Full text of "History of Chicago; from the earliest period to the present time"

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THE CHICAGO BOARD OF TRADE 



r 










HICAGO BOARD OF TRADF 



" URBS RECONDITA." 



HISTORY 



OF 



CHICAGO 



FROM THE 



EARLIEST PERIOD TO THE PRESENT TIME. 



IN THREE VOLUMES. 



VOLUME III. FROM THE FIRE OF 1871 UNTIL 1885. 



BY A. T. ANDREAS. 



CHICAGO : 

THE A. T. ANDREAS COMPANY, PUBLISHERS. 

1886. 



R. R. IM'VMl.Il v \ SONS, 
PRINTERS, 

THE LAKESIDE 1'RESS. 



A. J. COX & CO., 

BINDERS, 
144 MONROE STREET. 



COPYRIGHT SECURED, 1886. 
THE A. T. ANDKKAS COMPANY. 



ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 




F 



V. 3 



BLOMGKKN 11K1IS. s CO., 
ILBCTROTYPERS, 

162 * 164 CLARK STKKI.T. 



Ill (J1IKS i JOHNSON, 



253 K1N/.IE STREET. 



PREFACE. 



\lt TE herewith present to the public the third volume of the History of Chicago. The publishers, in 
the preceding volumes, acknowledged their indebtedness to the hearty cooperation of many 
leading citizens and to various societies, and they take pleasure in saying that similar favors have been 
extended in the preparation of the third volume. The mere enumeration of such obligations would not 
do them justice, no matter how amply they might be detailed. 

A glance at the index will make manifest the comprehensiveness of the work, and give some idea 
of the amount of labor necessary in the preparation of this volume. It is a matter of pride to the 
publishers, and it is hoped to the patrons of the work also, that all the labor has been performed by 
Chicago men ; from the gathering of facts, to the printing, engraving, electrotyping and binding of the 
books. It is a history of Chicago, by its people, and for its people. 

At the commencement of the work, there were many who predicted a failure of the enterprise, from 
a lack of public spirit in our citizens. A sufficient refutation of that statement is found in the appearance 
of this volume. It is natural that a people who redeemed Chicago from a morass in 1836, and made it, 
in some respects, the greatest city on the Continent in 1886, should desire to peruse a narration of the 
causes that led to such a result. We trust a perusal of this work will satisfy that desire. 

In reviewing the events that occurred during the epoch covered by this volume, it has been the 
desire of the publishers to avoid invidious criticism or unjust discrimination. In many cases, the golden 
mean was hard to preserve, not from an individual preference on the part of the writer, but from a 
partisan view perceptible in the source of information. In such instances, we have always given a plain 
statement of facts, leaving the reader to make his own deductions. 

As historians and compilers, we leave the public to judge of the merits of our work, but we feel 
that unstinted eulogium is due to the people the recital of whose magnificent achievements reads more 
like a fable than a narrative of actual accomplishment. 

To the people of Chicago, unsurpassed in their loyalty in war, indefatigable in their benevolence in 
peace, irrepressible in their energy and enterprise in commerce and trade, these volumes are dedicated. 

THE A. T. ANDREAS COMPANY. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



RF.-BUII,niNO OF CHICAGO. 

, by II. W. Thomas... - 51-56 

WORK COMMENCED: Additional relief contributions.. 57 Mu- 
nicipal indebtedness at close of 1871. .58 Mayor Medill's 

inaugural message; Extracts from.. 58.. - 57~58 

OP.STACI.KS ENCOUNTERED: Removal of the debris. .59 Diffi- 
culty of establishing titles to real-estate. .59 Length and 
si-verity of the winter. .59 Strike of the Trades- Unions .59 

Ilig'h price of building material. .59 Building commenced 
..59 Statistics.. 59, 60 Fire-limits extended^. .60 Bridges 
and viaducts re-built. .60 Streets and sidewalks destroyed 
and re-laid.. 61 Water Works re-constructed. .61 First 
business building erected. .61 l.ake Front temporarily occu- 
pied by mercantile structures. .62 5~ 2 

ARCHITECTURE: Resume 1872-85. .62 Inception of lire -proof- 
ing. .63 Church architecture- .66 Building 67 --62-67 

AKCIII ri-:< I s : Biographical mention of ..67-74 

lirn.DlNd TRADES: Brick manufacturers. .75 Building con- 
tractors .77 Marble and stone manufactures . .84 Mason 
contractors. .89 Sewer l'ipe.-93 Plumbers, (iasand Steam 
fitters, etc. ..93 Painters and decorators.. 97 Wall Paper 
_ .99 Plate glass dealers. .99 _ .75-101 

CORPORATE HISTORY. 

CITY OFFICERS AND ALDERMEN, from 1872 to 1885, inclu- 
sive... ..101-103 

Cm HAI.I. : Temporary quarters.. 103 The "Old Rookery ".. 
104 City Hall and Court House. .104 ...103-106 

I'OI.K E I iF.i'Ai; TMKNT : Losses in lire of 1871. .106 Temporary 
headquarters.. 107 Strength of force, 1872 to 1884, inclusive 
..107 Statistical resume of operations, 1872 to 1884, inclu- 
sive__iO7 Location and value of buildings, etc. , in 1884.. 
107 Distribution of precincts and value of property, 1871 
to 1884, inclusive ._ 107 Police Commissioners, 1871-75, 
inclusive __ 108 'Superintendents, 1871 to 1884, inclu- 
sive. .108 Inspectors, iSSo to 1884, inclusive. .108 Police 
telephone and signal system. . 108, no Detective force.. 108 

Labor riots of iS77-.Io8 Policemen's Benevolent Associ- 
ation of Chicago. .115 House of Correction.. 115 Com- 
mitments, 1872 to 1884, inclusive. _Ji6, 117, 118 Receipts 
and expenditures on account of House of Correction .117 
Board of Inspectors, 1872 to 1884, inclusive _IlS Detect- 
ive agencies.. 1 19 106-120 

FlRK DEPARTMENT: Losses in lire of 1871.. 120 Officers, 1871 
in i -S4, inclusive ..I2o Companies and expenditures, 1870 to 
|S^4, inclusive.. 120 Fires, monetary losses, insurance, etc., 
1870-1884, inclusive -.120 Noteworthy conflagrations since 
1871 121 Officers and men at close of 1884. . 121 Appara- 
tus, value of Department property, etc., in 1884. .121 Fire- 
alarm telegraph ..123 Firemen's Benevolent Association 
..125 _ 120-126 

BOARD MF Prm.ic WORKS; Register of Department, 1871 to 
[884, inclusive. . 126 Summary of work done in I884-.I26 

Assessments made during years 1871 to 1884, inclusive.. 126 

Losses in lire of I87I..I26 Street statistics. 126 Side- 
walk statistics. .127 Public lamps.. 127 Gas supply.. 128 

Bridges and viaducts.. 128 Water Department- . 132 
Sewerage system - - 1 34 Pumping- works -.135. 1 26-141 

COMPTROLLER'S DF.PAUTMENT : Resume.. 141 Property values, 
tax totals, and bonded indebtedness during years iS7i'to 1884, 
inclusive.. 142 -"-Funded debt.. 143 Comptrollers and Coun- 
cil finance committees, 1870 to 1885, inclusive. _ 143 141-143 

SCHOOL l)]-:i'ARTMKNT: Resume.. 143 Statistics. .144, 145, 146 

Board of Education ; officers during 1871 to 1885, inclusive 
-- 14 Changes in School rules.. 147 Music. .147 Di aw- 
ing. .148 German.. 148 livening schools.. 149 Deaf- 
mutes. .149 Chicago Institute of Education. . 150 School 
Section. .150 Kindergartens.. 152 Chicago Manual Train- 
ing School.. 152.. 143-154 

HEALTH DEPARTMENT: Department reorganized. .154 Mor- 
tality statistics for 1872 to 1884, inclusive. . 155 Work done 
by Department during years 1874 to 1884, inclusive. .156 
Register of officers, 1871 to 1884, inclusive. . 156 Births dur- 
ing years 1872 to 1885, inclusive. . 157 Mairiage licenses 
issued during years 1831 to 1885, inclusive. . 157 Meteorolog- 
ical statistics for 1872 to 1885, inclusive.. 157 154-157 



Coi NTY INSTTITTIONS : Cook County Hospital. .157 Cook 
County Infirmary. .159 Cook County Insane Asylum. 160 

County Agency. -i 63.. 15/-I U 3 

LOCAL TRANSPORTATION. 

OMNI m -s LINKS.. 164 

STRKKT RAILWAYS: North Chicago Railway Company. . 164 
Chicago City Railway Company. . 164 Chicago West Division 
Railway Company. .166. .164-166 

PARKS AND BOULEVARDS. 

SOUTH PARK: Organization of South Park Commission. .167 
Work commenced in 1869. .167 Commissioners' offices and 
records destroyed in fire of 1871.. 167 Work done. .167, 
169, 170 Bonded indebtedness. .171 Commissioners and 
officers, 1869 to 1885, inclusive .. 171 Areas of the South 
Parks and lengths and widths of their boulevards. .172 Bond 
statements.. 172 ...167-172 

WEST SIDE PARKS: Organization of West Side Park (Commis- 
sion. .175 General sketches of operations.. 175 Douglas 
Park. .178 Garfield Park. .179 Humboldt Park, i So 
Boulevards.. 180 Cost of the system.-iSi Areas of parks 
and boulevards, and other tabulated details.. 182 Commis- 
sioners and officers, 1869 to 1885, inclusive. .182 .175-182 

LINCOLN PARK: Organization of Lincoln Park Commission ..182 

Work done.. 183 Expenditures and receipts from 1869 to 
1885, inclusive ..184 Commissioners and officers, 1869 to 
1885, inclusive.. 184 182-184 

RAILROAD HISTORY. 

INTRODUCTORY: Railroad statistics for 1884.. 189 189-190 

THE LAKE FRONT 190-192 

COMPANY SKETCHES: Illinois Central. 193 Chicago & North- 
Western.. 197 Chicago & Alton.. 203 Chicago, Burlington 
&Quincy..2O7 Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific. 211 Chi- 
cago, Milwaukee & St. Paul. .214 Lake Shore & Michigan 
Southern__2i6 Michigan Central.. 219 Baltimore & Ohio 
-.222 New York, Chicago & St. Louis._223 -Chicago & 
Grand Trunk.. 223 Chicago & Eastern Illinois. .224 
Louisville, New Albany & Chicago. .226 Chicago &: Atlantic 
..227 Chicago & Western Indiana.. 228 Belt Railway.. 

228 ..193-229 

MISCELLANEOUS : Pullman's Palace Car Company.. 229 Chicago 
and ( >hio River Pool. .232 Chicago F'reight Bureau.. 233 
Ticket Brokers.. 233 189-234 

BENCH AND BAR. 
UNITED STATES COURTS : Schedule of judges, district attorneys, 

and marshals. .234 234-237 

STIT.RIOR COURT OF COOK COUNTY: Schedule of judges_.237 

Schedule of clerks.,238 237-238 

CIRCUIT COURT: Schedule of judges.. 238 Schedule of clerks 

..239 238-239 

COUNTY COURT: Schedule of judges, clerks and sheriffs.. 

239 - - 239- 2 -40 

CRIMINAL COURT: Schedule of State's attorneys and clerks.. 
240 240-242 

APPELLATE COURT: Organized in 1874. .245 Judges and clerks 
--245 -245-246 

PROBATE COURT: Organized in 1877. .246 Judges and clerks 
-.246 Its constitutionality questioned and established. _ 
246 246-247 

REHABILITATION OF THE COURTS: Number of lawyers in the 
city during years 1871 to 1885, inclusive. .242 Cases com- 
menced in the several courts during years 1872 to 1885, inclu- 
sive.. 242 242-243 

CRIMINAL COURT CASES : Table of, with results, during years 
1872 to 1885, inclusive.. 243 Death sentences, 1871 to 1885, 
inclusive. .243 Change of jurisdiction. .243 .243-245 

JUSTICES OF THE PEACE 247-248 

PROMINENT CASES: The Burned-Record Laws.. 248 The Raf- 
ferty Murder Case. .250 The Great Contempt Case.,252 
The Hanford Murder Case. .253 Sherry and Connelly.. 254 
The Murder of Albert Race. .255 The Law's Delays and 
Contingencies.. 257 The Rights of Married Women.. 258 
Board of Trade Contracts. .259 The Location of the Board 
of Trade Building. .260 Membership in the Hoard of Trade 



VI 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



not Property.. 262 .. The City vs. Kx-Treasurcr Gage et ;il. 
262 Sleeping Car ( 'oinp.mii -s not liable :is Innkeeper-; or 
Carriers. .264 Liability of the City for Accidents from De- 
fective Sidewalks or Streets.. 265 Liability of Street-Car 
Companies for Accident- L'O/> Kerr vs. The Smith I'.irk 
Commissioners.. 267 Liability of Express Companies. .268 

Conflict of Jurisdiction: The Tire Meier Case..268 
" Mark Twain " in Court. -270 The " Fund \V." < 'asc 271 

Liability and Duty of Telegraph Companies. .272 Con- 
tracts made on Sunday. .274 The Douglas Monument- .275 

Masses for the Soul. 276 The Wilson I lomicide. .277 
The Flection Conspiracy Case of 1884. .278 Trial of Mackin 
for rerjury.-28o Assessments against Eleemosynary Institu- 
tions. 282- Sexton vs. The City.-2S2 Validity of a Gam- 
ing Statute.. 284 Power of the Legislature to Lxempt Prop- 
erty from Taxntion__384 Disbarment of an Attorney. .285 

The Circuit and Superior Courts the Same. .286 The 
Constitutional Power to License.-287 Power of the City to 
licence Packing- 1 louses.. 288 248-288 

LAW AND ORDER: The Citizens' Law ami Order League. .288 
Officers of the National Law and Order League.. 289 Offi- 
cers of the Chicago Citizens' League. .290 Table of cases 
prosecuted and statement of arrests made since organization 

of Chicago ( 'iti/ens' 1 ,eague._29O 288-290 

ILLINOIS STATE M\K ASSOCIATION--... 290 

AMI KITAN HAR ASSOCIATION 291 

HARBOR AND MARINE. 

II \RIIIIR : Appropriations and expenditures up to and inclusive of 
July 5, 1884.. 291 Engineer officers and light-house keepers 
Ml ice 1.871 _ .291 29! 

MARINE: Resume from 1871. .291 Statistics. . 292 291-295 

THE HOARD OF TRADE. 

1872: Re-building and opening of Chamber of Commerce.-295 

Financial statement .. 296 Corners.. 296 Changes in 
rules.. 296 295-298 

1873: Officers. _ 298 Financial statement- . 299 Membership. . 
299 Financial panic.. 299 National Board__2g9 Stock- 
Vards..29<) Short weight.. 299 New rules. .299 298-302 

iS~.f: Membership and officers.. 302 Financial statement ..302 

Trade review. .302 Produce Exchange organized. .302 
Transportation.. 302 302-304 

1875: Membership and officers. .304 Financial statement. .304 

Trade review . _ 304 34 35 

1876: Membership _ . 305 Financial statement ._ 305 Trade 

review. .305 Court decisions. . 305 305-306 

1877: Membership .. 306 Financial statement .. 307 Trade 

review .. 307 Transportation. .307 307-308 

iSfS: Membership ._ 308 Financial statement .. 308 Trade 

review.. 308 Transportation .309 308-310 

1879: Officers and membership. .310 Financial statement. .310 

Trade review.. 310 Inspection.. 310 310-311 

1880: Membership -.311 Financial statement .. 311 Trade 

review. . 311 Ocean-carrying trade. .312 Transportation . . 
312 More room required, and new quarters determined on. _ 
312 Commissions scheduled. .312 ..311-313 

iSSi: Membership.. 313 Financial statement.. 313 Hoard of 
Keal-Fstate Managers created. .313 Trade review. .313 
Transportation.. 313 313-314 

/A'.S'_>.- Membership . . 314 Financial statement .. 314 Trade 
review .. 314 Manufactures .. 314 Export trade .. 314 
Transportation. .314 ._ 3I4~3'5 

iSSj: Membership .315 Financial statement_.3i5 Clearing- 
house.. 315 General trade. .315 Prohibition of American 
Pork .. 316 Transportation _. 316 3 15-31 6 

1884: ( Miicers and membership.. 316 Financial statement-. 316 

C'.all Hoard. .3 1 7 General trade.. 3 17 Spring wheat, prices 
of, from 1872 to 1885, inclusive.. 317 Transportation 317 

The Receivers' Association -.317. 316-318 

Officers and membership. .318 Financial statement. .318 

- Trade review. .318-- Hog-packing and provisions .318 
An era of low prices.. 318 Average prices of leading articles 
in the Chicago market from 187310 1885, inclusive. .319 
Import a in act ion. .3 19 New Hoard of Trade Huildingand its 

dedication..3I9 _. 318-3 19 

( Miicers.. 3 19 .. The outlook. .319. --3'9 

OLLICLRS : 1872 to lSS(>, inclusive- _. 320 

DIRECTORS AND COMMITTEES: 1872 to 1876, inclusive 320 

Oi'i.N HOARD OK TRADE: Organization, objects, location, etc. .320 

Membership .. 321 Financial statement- .321 Officers, 
directors, and committees, 1880 to 1885.. 321 320-321 

RECI I ITS, Smi'Mi NTS, ETC., of seeds, salt, wheat, corn, oats, rye, 
and barley, during years 1872 to 1885, inclusive .321-322 

Mil. MM; AND I-'IOCR lirsiNi.ss: Introductory.. 322 Receipts 
and shipment of barrels of flour, during years 1858 to 1871, 



inclusive.. 323 Same, during years 1872 to 1885, inclusive.. 
324 Manufacture of barrels of Hour during the years 1858 to 

1885, inclusive.. 325 322-325 

HAKKKS : Sketchesof prominent linns and establishments .325-330 
GIJMN \\Ai;iiioisiNii: Introductory .330 Schedule of h 

tors-in-Chief and Warehouse Registrars during years 1871 to 
1885, inclusive. .331 Chicago as a grain market.. 332 In- 
spection statistics for 187210 1884, inclusive. .332 Receipts 
and car inspection for 187210 1884, inclusive.. 333 Elevators 

and their capacity. .333 33O-333 

UNION STOCK YARDS: Description of._334 Tables of live- 
stock receipts and shipments during years 1866 to 1885, inclu- 
sive. .335 Statement of cattle packed, and prices, 1872 to 
1885, inclusive. .335 Value of stock yarded during (real 
i860 to 1885, inclusive. .336 Beef and pork product during 

years 1872101885, inclusive. . 336 334-33" 

ICE : Sketches of dealers in, and their establishments 337-338 

YY \KL'Hi>rsiNC, : Descriptions of leading warehouses . 338-339 

COGNATE INDUSTRIES: Hides and leather. .339 Furs. .341 

Wool 342 Hroom corn.. 345 llutter and cheese. .346 

Art i licial butter. . 347 Groceries, etc. _ _ 347 Auctioneers. _ 

352 - 339-353 

HOTEL HISTORY. 

INTRODUCTORY. --35.3 

SKETCHES OF LEADING HOTELS : Sherman House. .353 Grand 
Pacific. _354 Palmer llouse.-354 Tremont House. .355 
Hotel Richelieu. -35 5 Clifton I louse.. 357 Matteson House 
..357 Hriggs House. .357 Commercial Hotel.. 357 Le- 
land Hotel. 357 Kuhn's European Hotel. .358 \Yind-or 
IIoteL-358 Hurkc's European IIotel__358 ]!n 
I louse. .359 Iteming European Hotel. 359 Atlantic I lot el 
--359 Revere House. .359 City Hotel. . 360 Anna House 
-.360 Continental Hotel ..360 Globe European Hotel 
360 Clarendon I louse. .360 St. Charles IIotel_-36i 
Ma asoit House. .361 353~3"2 

Rl.Sl Al K \NTS - -.362-363 

LlVERY l.USINESS 363-364 

THE LUMBER TRADE. 
INTRODUCTORY 365 

ASSOCIATIONS: Lumberman's Exchange 365 Lumber Manu- 
facturers' Association ..366 Chicago as a lumber market.. 
366 New lumber district--3GS Statistics .369. .365-386 

THE COAL TRADE. 

RESUME. .386 Receipts and shipments of coal during years 
1871 to 1885, inclusive.. 387 Leading agencies and dealers 

37 - 386-389 

SOCIAL PROGRESS. 

IN TRllDl ('TORY - 390 

Cl.uiis : The Chicago.. 390 The Calumet.. 392 Old Settlers. _ 
394 The Iroquois .401 The Commercial. .404 The Illi- 

nois.-4O5 The Union League. . 406 The Union }<>- 

The Standard (on The Sons of Vermont. .409 The Sons 

of Maine--4<>9 ' ' le Irish-American. .410 390-410 

CHICACO 1 1 ISTC IRICAL Si ICIKTY 410-414 

CHICAGO PUBLIC LIBRARY 414-416 

UNION < vmoi.ic LIIIRARY ASSOCIATION ..416 

CHICAGO ATHEW.UM 416-417 

VOUNC. MEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION 417-419 

ART: Introductory. .419 Vincennes Gallery of Fine Arts (19 

Academy of Design .420 Art Institute.. 421 Exposi- 
tion Art Hall. .421 Illinois Art .\ssociation.-423' Calumet 
Club. .423 Hemis Gallery.. 423 Society of Decorative Art 

t24 Photography and Art materials. .425 Mouldings 

and picture-frames-. 425 419-428 

Sill NIK: Chicago Astronomical Society. .428 Chicago Acad- 
emy of Sciences. .429 Stale Microscopical Society 131 

\Ycstern Society of Engineers. .431 Smoke-consuming appa- 
ratus.. 432 428-432 

BANKING HISTORY. 

RESUME OK HISTORY, 1869 TO 1871, INCLUSIVE : Exhibit of busi- 
ness during years 1869, 1870, and until October, 1871. .433 
Hanks burned out during the great fire.. 433 Operations 
immediately following.. 433 Limited payments made to de- 
positors. .433 Resumption of business.. 434. 433~435 

OK.NK.UAI. HISTORY, 1872-1" 1885, iNCUsni. : Condensed exhibit 
of Chicago banks in 1872.. 435 Effect of Panic of 1873. .435 

Hank failures in 1873 101877, inclusive. .435 Failure of 
the " Hee Hive" (Merchants'. Fanners' and Mechanics' Hank) 
..435 Of the German Savings Bank.. 435 (foot note) 

Of the State Savings Institution. .436 Of the " Fidelity" 
..436 "Savings Hank crash" in 1877. .436 Clearing-house 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



vn 



returns, 1880 to 1885, inclusive.. 437 Tabular summary of 
the condition and business of the Chicago National Banks on 
October I, 1885. .438 Chicago Clearing-House Association 
-.438 - - 435-438 

BANKS BANKING INSTITUTIONS, AND BANKERS: Union National 
]iank-_43S Continental National Bank. .439 Merchants' 
Loan and Trust Company.. 439 Northwestern National 
Hank.. 440 National Bank of Illinois.. 441 Illinois Trust 
and Savings Bank. .441 Corn Exchange Bank.-44i Bank 
officers.. 442 438-443 

AMICRIC\\ I !.\N KICKS' ASSOCIATION... _ 443 

BANKING lIlHSES 443-445 

REAL-ESTATE INTERESTS. 

SI-MMARY OK OPERATIONS SINCE THE FIRE OF 1871 : Eastern 
investments in 1871-73. .446 Effect of the Panic of 1873.. 
446 Fire-debt mortgages generally satisfied by 1880. .446 
Character of building improvements. .446 Department of 
Building records referred to. .447 Real-estate sales, October 
9, 1871, to December 31, 1885.. 447 Building statistics for 
years 187310 1885, inclusive. .447 Changes in business and 
residence districts. .448 The new wholesale district. .448 
Values of real-estate in the South, West, and North Divis- 
ions__44S Real and Personal Property valuations in years 
1871 to 1885, inclusive. .448 Phenomenal enhancement in 
tract values. .448 Amount of real-estate transfers during 
years 1874 to 1885, inclusive. .448 446-448 

REAL-ESTATE BOARD: Organization of.-448 Members and 
officers in 1886. .449 Annual banquet. .449 448-449 

PROMINENT REAL-ESTATE DEALERS: Sketches 0^.172-175; 
184-187. 449-457 

THE ABSTRACT BUSINESS: History of since 1871.. 458 Promi- 
nent firms; sketches of. .459-461. 458-461 

INSURANCE INTERESTS. 

PREFATORY : Chicago buildings before and after the fire of 1871 
..461 Chicago Board of Underwriters reorganised; officers 
and members in 1872. .461 Underwriters' Exchange organ- 
ised; members in 1880 461 Fire of July 14, 1874. .461 
Chicago Fire Department reorganized. .462 (61-462 

FIRE PATROL : Organised on October 2, 1871. .462 Fire Patrol 
No. i (62 Summary statement of its services._463 De- 
scription of its headquarters, No. 176 Monroe Street .463 
Fire Patrol \o. 2._462 Summary statement of its services. . 
463 Stock- Yards Fire Patrol, its duties, etc. .463 (62-464 

REPORTS i )F FIRES, ETC.: Summary of special hazards in 1873. _ 
464 Building inspections during years 1874, 1879, 1881, and 
1884. .464 Total fire-losses during 1879 to 1884, inclusive.. 
465 Table of fires, losses, insurance, etc., from year 1863-64 
to, and inclusive of, 1885 (exclusive of the great fire of 1871).. 
465 Serious fires in 1884-85.. 465 464-466 

CIIICAC.O INSURANCE UNDERWRITERS' EXCHANGE : Organized 
on January 27, 1880. .466 Officers 1 880-84.. 466 Consoli- 
dated with Fire Underwriters' Association. .466 (66 

CHICAGO FIRE UNDERWRITERS' ASSOCIATION: A consolidation 
of Board of Underwriters and Underwriters' Exchange.. 466 
Officers in 1885. -466... 466 

CHICAGO BOARD OF UNDERWRITERS : Officers 1872-86 466 

INM-RANCK COMPANIES AND AGENTS : Sketches of 466-470 

THE IRON TRADE. 

CiENERAi. REVIEW : Chicago's rank (third in 1880) as an iron 
manufacturing centre. .471 Tables relating to the manufac- 
ture of iron and steel throughout the United States, as shown 
by Census Reports of 1870 and 1880. .471 Effect of Panic of 
'873--47' Reviews of years 187410 1885, inclusive. .471-77 

Tabular exhibits as to Chicago iron manufactories during 
years 1874 to 1885, inclusive.. 472-477 Pig iron product in 
tliis country during 1872-1875 . .472 Shipments of Lake Supe- 
rior iron ore a"nd pig iron in 1874 and i875-_472 Pig iron 
sales in 1877 to 1885, inclusive.. 473-77 Railroad building 
(by miles) during years 1872 to 1879, inclusive.. 474 Iron ore 
(in tons) mined in the United States during year ending May 
31, 1880. .475 Output of Lake Superior mines in i88i.-475 

Schedule of gain-percentages in the iron industry during 
1880 as compared with 1870. .475 471-477 

IRON AND STEEL ESTABLISHMENTS; SKF.TCIIES OF : Pig iron. .477 

Rail Mills. .478 Foundries 479 Pattern-makers.. 482 
- Stoves. . 483 Boiler-works. .485 Machinery. .487 

Steam-fitting, etc. ..492 Galvanized iron and cornices. .494 

Safes and vaults. .497 Iron work. .498.. 477-500 

BRASS AND COPPER WORKS.. __ 500-502 

VARIOUS MANUFACTURES ..502-503 

LEAD PIPE --.503 

AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS: Exhibit of Chicago manufactories 

during years 1860, 1870, and iSSo__5O3 Like exhibit for 



years 1881 to 1885, inclusive -.503 Agricultural-implement 

dealers during years 1871 to 1885, inclusive 503 53-54 

HARDWARE : State of this trade during years 1872 to 1885, inclu- 
sive.. 504 Carriage hard ware -.505 54-57 

MEDICAL HISTORY. 

INTRODUCTORY - -- 57 

ALLOPATHIC COLLEGES; SKETCHES OF: Rush MedicaL.so? 
Chicago Medical. .512 College of Physicians and Surgeons 

..514 Woman's Medical. .518.- 507-519 

HOMEOPATHIC COLLEGES : Hahnemann Medical. . 531 Chicago 

Homeopathic.. 534 531-533: 534~535 

ECLECTIC COLLEGE : Bennett Medical 539 

HOSPITALS : Chicago Hospital for Women and Children.-Sig 
Woman's Hospital of Chicago.. 520 St. Luke's Free Hospi- 
tal. .521 Presbyterian Hospital. .522 Augustana Hospital 
and Deaconness Institute.. 523 German Hospital- .523 
Michael Reese Hospital .. 524 Mercy Hospital- .524 Alex- 
ian Brothers' Hospital_-524 St. Joseph's Hospital. .525 
Chicago Floating HospitaL-525 Illinois Charitable Eye and 
Ear Infirmary. .526 Maurice Porter Memorial Hospital for 

Children.. 527 ..519-527 

Hahnemann- .533 Central Homeopathic Hospital and Free Dis- 
pensary- -535 533; 535-53" 

Bennett Hospital 539 

MEDICAL SOCIETIES: Chicago Medical Society (Allopathic).. 
527-528 Chicago Academy of Homeopathic Physicians and 
Surgeons.. 538 Woman's Homeopathic Medical Society. . 

538 Chicago Eclectic Medical Society.-54i 527-541 

Fl.ECTRIC --- -- 542 

DENTISTS: Chicago College of Dental Surgery.. 542 North- 
western College of Dental Surgery. .543 Chicago Dental 
Society--543 Odontological Society of Chicago. .544 Ec- 
lectic Dentistry.. 545 -542-546 

DRUGGISTS: Wholesale. .546 Exhibit of drug and chemical 
laboratories for years 1870 and IS8O.-546 Chicago College 

of Pharmacy. 547 - 54&~553 

MEDICAL SUPPLIES .553 

ARTIFICIAL LIMUS --553 

DRUGGISTS' SCALES 553 

MEDICAL WORKS _ __ 554 

FEDERAL INSTITUTIONS. 

PREFATORY : New Custom House and Post-office Building crit- 
icised - 5 54 

THE POST-OFFICE : Since 1871 has ranked second as to volume of 
business. . 554 Locations of general post-office subsequent to 
the fire of 1871.. 554 Business transacted in 1871 554 
Same in 1872.. 555 First stations established 555 Post- 
master McArthur and his troubles.. 555 Exhibit of business 
in 1874. .555 Additional stations established ..556 -Postal 
receipts from July I, 1876, to June 30, 1884, and for the eleven 
months ending May 31, 1885. .556 Money-order receipts 
from July I, 1877, to June 30, 1884, and to May 31, 1885.. 
556 "Postmasters from 1871 to date (1886) .556 Statistics 
..556-57 Railway Mail Service.. 559 554~56o 

THE CUSTOM HOUSE: History since 1871. .560 Collectors.. 
560 Business statistics. .561 Schedule of vessels owned in 
the District of Chicago on December 31, I885--562 List of 
Collectors, with dates of commission and terms of service, 
since September i, 1875. .562 560-564 

INTERNAL REVENUE DEPARTMENT : Whisky frauds of 1875 
.-564 List of Collectors since 1872.. 565 Collections from 
July i, 1871, to June 30, 1885 .565 Grand total of collec- 
tions since establishment of this collection district in 1862.. 
565 564-5f>6 

CHICAGO PENSION AGENCY: History since 1871.. 566 Dis- 
bursements from July I, 1870, to June 30, 1885. .567 .566-567 

UNITED STATES SUH-TREASURV : History since its establishment 
in March, 1874.. 567 Regulations governing its operations 
..567 Receipts and disbursements from 1874 to June 30. 
1885.. 568 _ 567-568 

FEDEKAI. JUDICIARY : Locations of the Courts, etc., since the lire 
of 1871. .568 Brief mention of Judges and other officials. . 
568 .568-569 

SPECIAL AGENTS OF THE TREASURY .... 569-570 

UNITED STATES MARINE HOSPITAL : Continuation of its history 
from second volume of this work. .570 Surgeons-in-charge.. 
570 Local dispensing office. .570 570 

LIFE-SAVING SERVICE: Station established in i876.-57o 

Descriptions of station, apparatus, etc 570 Illustrations of 

duty and service._57O _ --57 

DISTILLING AND BREWING INTERESTS. 

DISTILLERIES: Resume and statistics.. 571 Selling prices of 
highwines during year 1871 to 1885, inclusive.-57i Receipts 



TAI'.I.K 01' CONTENTS. 



St. Peter's.. 768 St. Mary's. .768 St. John's. .769 St. 
Paul's. .769 Immaculate Conception. .7(19 St. Michael's. . 
769 St. Joseph's 770 St. Plus's .770 Holy Family.. 
770 Xotre Dame de Chicago -77? St. Procopins'. .773 
St. Elizabeth's.. 773 St. Malachy's ..773 St. Adelhert's. _ 

775 - 7"4-775 

Institutions; St. Patrick's Commercial Academy. .767 St. Igna- 
tius' College. .771 Holy Family parochial schools. .772 
Convent cif St. . Uoysius .772 Convent of the Congregation 
de Notre Dame.. 773 St. Joseph's Home.. 774 Academy 
of the Sacred Heart-. 774 St. Patrick's Academy- .774 St. 
Francis Xavier's Academy for Females. .778 Convent of the 
Immaculate Conception.. 778 Convent of the Benedictine 
Sisters_-77$ Servile Sisters' Industrial Home. .779 House 
of the Good Shepherd 779 House of Providence- -779 
77-768; 772-774; 778-779 

Tm. PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH: Death of Kt. Rev. Henry 

John \\hilehonsc_-779 Rev. William Edward McLaren 
chosen bishop. .779 Illinois divided into three dioceses. .779 

Cliurc/ics; .S'/v/c/v.f of: Cathedral of SS. Peter and PauL-78o 
Trinity -."S I St. James's.. 781 Calvary. .782 St. Mark's 
-.782 Grace. .783 St. Clement's. .783 St. Andrew's.. 
783 Ascension.. 783 The ritualistic difficulty.. 784 Epi- 
phany. .785 St. Ansgarius'_.7S5 Other P. E. parishes.. 
786 780-786 

Institutions: Western Theological Seminary .. 786 Wheeler 
School for Boys.. 786 ...786 

THK RKKORMKD EPISCOPAL Carnal : Organized in December, 
1873.. 786 Polity.. 786 786-787 

Clnirchcs: Sketches of: Christ.. 787 St. Paul's. .787 Other 
R. E. Churches- -788 -.787-789 

THE MKTIIHIIIST EPISCOPAL Cnrucn Churches, Sketches of: 
First. .789 Trinity 789 Marie Chapel. .789 Grace.. 
789 Centenary ..790 Grant-place.. 790 Park-avenue.. 

791 Wabash-a venue.. 791 Michigan-avenue- -792 Wes- 
tern-avenue _ . 792 Langley-avenue . . 792 Fulton-street. . 

792 Lincoln-street.. 793 Other M. F>. Churches. .793 
Portland-avenue German- -793 Other German M. E. Church- 
es. .794 Swedish M. E. Churches. .794 Norwegian M. E. 
Chnrches__7g4 7^9-794 

DH. THOMAS'S ARRAICXMKXT -794-795 

THK PKKSHYTKKIAN Ciirnrn C/iurc/ies: Sketches of: First. .795 

Second . . 796 Third . _ 797 F'ourth _ _ 798 Jefferson- 
Park. .798 Sixth.. 799 Eighth __8<x) First Scotch. .800 
Holland __8oi Other Presbyterian Churches- _Soi.. 795-801 

Institutions: Presbyterian Theological Seminary 801-802 

THK TRIAL OF Ri.\ . DAVID SXVINC; 802-805 

I KITED l'KKsl:YTKKI AN M F.Mi iRI Al. < 'lU'RCII 805 

TIIK CIIM:RKC;ATK>XAI. Cm urn Churches; Sketches of: First.. 
805 New England Church. .806 Plymouth- -807 Union 
Park_-8oS Tabernacle. .808 -- Other Congregational 

Churches. .809 805809 

Iiistitu/iniis: Chicago Theological Seminary 809-811 

TIIK IiAPTLsT ClirRrll C/iui-c/ies; Sketches of: First. .811 
Second- -812 Fourth. .812 ImmanueL _8i2 Centennial 
..814 \Vestern-avenue__Si4 Central. .815 Other Baptist 

Churches.. 815 .. .811-815 

Institutions: The University of Chicago 815-818 

Can IGO SOCIETY OF THK NEW IKKISAI.KM ._ SiS 

CIIKIS! i \x CnrkriiF.s 818 

EvAXi;r.i.K'Ai. CurRaiKs: First German EmanucI Church of the 
Evangelical Association. .818 Second Church of the Evan- 
gelical Asssociation.. 819 Salem Church of the Evangelical 
Association- -819 Evangelical Lutheran FjtnanueL.Sig St. 
Stephen's German Evangelical 1 .utheran. .820 St. Matthew's 
German Evangelical Lutheran. .820 Swedish Evangelical 
Lutheran Salem.. 821 German United Evangelical St. Peter's 
-.822 German United Evangelical /ion. .823 Third Ger- 
man United Evangelical Salem. .823 The Chicago-avenue 

Church. .823 . .818-823 

TIIK I'MTARIAX Cm KC H Churches: .Sketihcsof: Church of the 

M essiah _ _ 824 Unity Church ..825 _ 824-825 

TIIK UXIVKRSAI.IST CHURCH Churches; Sketches of: First. -826 

Second UnivcrsaliM Society- -826 826-827 

CKNTU \i. Cm urn OF CHICAGO. _ .827 

TIIK I'KiU'i.K.'s Ciirncii 827-829 

CHICAGO i'.n:i.i s<>< IKTY. ..829 

Tin. UKTHKI... 829-830 

TIIK JKAVISH CONGREGATIONS: Kehilath anshe Maraab, or Con- 
gregation of the Men of the West -.830 The Sinai Congre- 
gation. .830 The North Side Congregation. .83I...83O-S3I 
'1 in: SIM RITUALISTS 831-833 

POLITICAL HISTORY. 

RKSIMI'. (IF GEXF.RAI. l'"i ITIC8 : F'rom the Free-Soil movement of 
1848 to the present lime.. 833 The Anti-Slavery movement 



..833 Zebina Eastman's "Western Citizen" established in 
1842; name changed to "The Free West " in 1853.. 834 
The Liberty Party and its growing strength .834 Anti- 
Nebraska Parly -^34 National Republican Party Organized 
..834 General Politics. .834 Went worth's reminiscences of 
lion. Thomas II. Uenton. 834 First National Convention 
(Republican) held at Chicago in l86o_.84I Democratic Na- 
tional Convention of 1864 held here.-844 Republican Na- 
tional Convention of 1868. .845 833-835; 841; 844; 845 

KF.SIMK <>K LOCAL AND STATF. POLITICS (1847-71). Conventions 
of 1848, and their nominees- -836 Election of March 7, 1848, 
and the results- -836 Municipal legislation against gambling 
(1848). .836 City Council criticises the Fugitive Slave Act, 
reconsiders the adoption of the condemnatory resolutions, and 
then lays on the table a motion to expunge said resolutions 
from the record. .837 Presidential and Congressional vote in 
the Fourth District in 1848. .837 Cook County on Congrc-s- 
ional, Legislative and County tickets in 1848. .837 Fourth 
District, under the re-apportionnment of 1850, becomes the 
Second District- .837 List of Cook County delegates to 
Democratic Congressional Convention of I852..837 Plat- 
form adopted ..837-38 Election returns..838 Hon. John 
Wentworth as a colonel, and his " inaugural address "_ -838-39 

His proclamation, as Mayor, in I86I..83Q Some of the 
early ami salutary official acts of Mayor Wentworth ..839-40 
His Congressional record- .840 Author of the bonded ware- 
house system. -840 National issues in city politics__84O 
The Mayoralty from 1848 until the commencement of the War 
of the Rebellion ..840 Chicago's peace-with-the-South com- 
mittee and its interview with President Buchanan. -840 The 
Douglas-Lincoln delegates of 1858. -841, 842 State General 
Assembly (\\IId) of 1861, and its Chicago members. .841 
Extraordinary session of April 23, 1861, and, at which Gov- 
ernor Vates, in his opening message, compliments the war 
spirit of Chicago. .841 Hon. Stephen A. Douglas's patriotic 
speeches. .841 Whigs elect their first and only United States 
Senator in 1855.. 842 Union mass-meeting of August 8, 
1862, and speeches of lions. Owen Lovejoy, John F'. F'arns- 
worth, and Isaac N. Arnold. .842-43 Constitutional Conven- 
tion of lS6l__S43 " Peace-at-any-price " meeting of August 
27, 1884 ; and Hon. John Wentworth's review of the speech of 
Clement L. Vallandigham, "the Ohio apostle of peace" 843 

Chicago in the NXIIId General Assembly. .844 Result of 
the elections of 1864.. 844 " Memorial of the public meeting 
of the Christian men of Chicago" (proposing to liberate the 
Southern slaves), and report of the Committee which presented 
it to President Lincoln. .844-45 The Mayoralty in 1862, 
1863-64 to 1870-71.. 845 Mayor Medill's administration in 
1872-73.. 845 State politics in 1868.. 846 Campaign of 
1870. .846 Legislature called in special session to take action 
with reference to the October, 1871, fire, and the relief granted 
..846 Chicagoans in the Assembly of 1871. -846 836-846 

GKNKKAI. Pm.rncs FROM 1872 TO 1884: Presidential campaign of 
1876- -847 Chicagoans on the Presidential electoral tickets 
of 1876. .847 Republican National Convention of 1880, and 
its important local events. -847-51 Speeches by General 
Green B. Raum, and lions. Elliott Anthony and Emery A. 
Storrs. -849-50 Nominating speeches by General John A. 

Logan, and lions. Pixley, of California, Emery A. Storrs 

and by Roscoe Conkling, of New York_.85i~52 Greenback 
National Convention of iSSo is held at Chicago__852 Presi- 
dential vote of Illinois in iS8o..852 Cook County members 
of the several electoral colleges.. 852 The Greeley movement 
of 1872. .858 President Garfield ; Mayor's messages and 
Council resolutions relative to assassination and death of__ 
867-68 Republican National Convention convenes in Expo- 
sition Building on June 3, 1884; proceedings. .871-72 Dem- 
ocratic National Convention convenes at same place, on July 
8, 1884; proceedings.. 872-73 847-873 

STVIT. AMI CITY PHI.ITICS FROM 1872 TO 1884: Election of 
Lieutenant-Governor in 1872 and of United States Senator in 
i873-_84&- Congressional elections of 1874, in the Chicago 
districts- .846 Congressional elections in 1876, in the Chicago 
districts.. 847 Election of State ticket in 1876, and of United 
Stales Senator in 1877.. 847 Congressional elections of 1878, 
in the Chicago districts. .847 Election of United States Sen- 
ator in 1879. .847 Chicago Socialists in General Assembly of 
I879--S47 State Campaign of 1880. .847 Aggregate vote 
in the State .for President and Governor in 1880. .852 Cook 
County vote for President, Governor, and Congressmen. .852 

State Campaign of 1882. .852 Congressional election of 
1882, in the Chicago districts. .853 Election of United States 
Senator in i883_.S53 Passage of the Harper Liquor-License 
Law.. 853 Mayor Roswell B. Mason's administration (1870- 
7l)__853 Mayor Joseph Medill's administration (1871-73), 
the " tire-proof " ticket, and Sunday saloon-closing law. .853 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



XI 



The " People's Party" of 1873, in city politics- -854 
l):ivitl A. < ia^e, city treasurer, and his defalcation- -856 860 
- The " Law and Order Party" of 1873, in city politics.. 857 

City election of 1873. .857 Mayor Colvin's term (1874-75) 
__86o -Aggregate vote in State for President and Governor 
in 1872. .858 Congressional elections in 1872, in the Chicago 
districts. .858 The "Granger" Legislature of 1873.. 858 
General Act of Incorporation adopted by election of April 23, 
1875, and city re-districted and other governmental improve- 
ments made thereunder. .861 Hoyne vs. Colvin; "the time 
when Chicago had two Mayors "..861-63 Special Mayoralty 
election of July, 1876. .861-63 Mayor Heath's administra- 
tions .863-65 City election of April 3, i877__864 Labor 
riots of July, 1877.. 864 Mayor Harrison's administrations 
..865 City elections of April I, 1879 (p. 865); of April 6, 
i8So"(p. 866); of April 5, 1881 (p. 867); of April 4, 1882 (p. 
868); of April 3, 1883 (p. 869); of April I, 1884 (p. 870); of 
April 3, 1885 (pp. 871-874) Hon. Thomas Hoyne; Mayor's 



message and Council resolutions on death of. .869 Frauds 
in municipal election of April 3, i883_.S7O Mayor Harri- 
son nominated for Governor in 1884. .872 National and State 
campaign of 1884.. 873 Aggregated votes on Presidential 
and State tickets of 1884.. 873 Aggregated returns from 
Chicago Congressional and Legislative districts, and for the 
Cook County tickets, at same general election. .873 The 
Eighteenth Ward case. .873 The Senatorial contest. .874 
The city campaign of 1885. .874 Chicago and Cook County 
Senators and Representatives in the Illinois General Assemblies 
of 1857 to 1885, inclusive.. 875 Chicago and Cook County 
Congressmen from 184310 1885, inclusive. .876 Table show- 
ing the registration and actual votes cast in the several city 
wards at the elections of 1884, 1885, and 1886. .876 Popula- 
tion of the several city wards according to the school census 
and the registration of voters by wards and nationalities in 
March, 1886.. 876 846-876 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



Aagen, Antony 


Page 
291 

99 
526 
276 
712 
290 
91 
451 
676 

817 
875 
442 
866 

59 
649 
69 

394 
694 
263 
794 
392 
684 

151 
586 
320 
852 
608 

&43 
672 
490 

493 
866 

787 
498 

78 
672 
72 
875 
372 
490 
490 
826 

650 
490 
368 


Adams, M. Elma 


Page 


Abbott, Abigail C 


Adams, Mil ward 
Adams, Mrs. E. L. S 


652 
422 

fici 


Abbott, K. C _. 

Abbott, Kdwin Fletcher. 


Abbott, James 


Adams Mrs Hannah 




Abbott, Lyman 


Adams, Mrs. J. McGregor 518, 
Adams, Mrs J N 


519, 520 


Abel], Amanda- 


Abercrombie, Annie .. 


Adams & Price Machinery Co. -. 
Adams, Joseph . Rev. 397 


490, 491 
677, 679 
790, 792 


Abercrombie, E. B 
Abernethy, Alonzo _ 




Abrams, I saac 


Adams, S. W 


Acker, Frederick E. 


Adams (S. W.) Manufacturing Co. 


.... 494 
397, 836 

67 1 


Ackerhoff, II 


Ackerman, I ) 


Addy, Robert 


Ackerman, William K. _ 522, 542 


Adley, Henry 




Aekermann, John \V. 






Ackley, Benjamin F 


Adler, Rev L 


Rio 


Acres, Standish 617 






Adair, John Dunlap .. - 


Adney J D 


f)T7 


Adam, Louisa Amelia 


Adolphus, E 




Adams, Abbott L 372 




522, 6O6 


Adams, Blackmar & Lyon 


Adsit, James M 


Adams, Carrie Gwynne 




A fin 


Adams, Charles 394,430 535 


Agard, Rev J W 




Adams, C. H. 




569. 6f>5 


Adams, Charles 11. 




Adams, C. J. 


Agramonte, C. H. Montgomerie.. 


109, 588 


Adams, Charles R. 


Adams, C. W. .622, 
Adams (Cyrus II.) & Co ' 
Adams, Eliza __ 


Aiken, Frank E. _. 


664 


Aiken, W. E._. _ 

Aitchison, R F 


321 

821 


Adams, Francis 103 


Alabaster Rev ] 




Adams, Franklin W. 






Adams, Fred T. 


Albrecht C J 




Adams, George 


Albright J J 


690 

rtQQ 


Adams, George A. 


Albro E S 118 


418, 871 
277, 407 


Adams, George C 
Adams, George E. -.421, 649, 853 873 


Aldis, Owen F 257, 

Aldrich, Amaret O 


Adams, Hastings & Co. 


Aldrich Henry II 


303, 320 


Adams, Hugh 




Adams, James W 




626, 

852, 862 


Adams, John Coleman 


787, 847. 

Alexander, E. S 


Adams, J. McGregor 120, 156, 184, 
407, 608, 609, 
Adams (J. W.) & Co. 


Aiken, Rose 


683 






Adams, Lord & Co 


Allen 13 











Pa.ee 

Allen, Charles Billings 547 

Allen, Charles F. M 286 

Allen, Charles L 608, 609 

Allen, Edward R. 394, 603 

Allen, Egbert Fillmore 262 

Allen, Ellen A.. __ 725 

Allen, Ethan uy 

Allen, Evelyn M 260 

Allen, Frank S _. 589, 617 

Allen, Heman __ 631, 632, 638 

Allen, J. Adams 508, 525 

Allen, James L 865, 866 

Allen, Luman 275 

Allen & Mackey 99 

Allen, Marshall B 590 

Allen, Martha P. 182 

Allen, Nathan __ 177 837 

Allen, O. D 320 

Allen, Pamelia V 5^9 

Allen Paper Car-Wheel Co. 230 

Allen, Rev. John W 818 

Allen, William J 402 

Allen, William R. __ 629 

Allerton, S. W. 68, 164, 165, 290 

Alles, John F. 97 

Alles, John, Jr _ 173 

Alles, Joseph W 97 

Alles (John F.) & Bro 97 

Ailing, John _ 79(1 

Ailing, Rev. J. H 793 

Ailing, Rev. Robert __ 794 

Allison, Rev. R. P _ 815 

Allison, Thomas H. . 397 

Allport, W. W 431, 542 

Allston, John 555 

Allyn, A. W _ 590 

Almini, Peter M._ 420, 624 

Alsip, Frank.' 75 

Alsip, William _ __ 75 

Alsip, William II 

Altgeld, JohnP 873 

Althrop Publishing & Mailing House .. 685 

Althrop, Thomas 685 

Altpeter, John J 102, 852, 853, 865, 867 

Alvord, G. G.__ _ 433 

Amberg, A. L 866 



SPECIAL INDKN. 



Amberg, Franc ........ - ........ _____ 

Amberg, l f 'r:in/. ....... ... __ ......... 

\mbcrg, John II .................. . 

Ainberg, Theodore |. ___ ............ . 

Amberg, William A". ______________ 416. 

Ambrose, Rev. Joshua K ..... ______ . 

Ambrose, \V. H. C ..... . ..... ____ 617, 

Ambrosini, I'cter ................... . 

Ambs, Lawrence - ....... _______ ..... 

Ament, FdwaidG. _______ '__ ... _____ 

American Bridge Co -------- .......... 

American Machinery Co. ____ _________ 

American Strain Boiler^ Machine Woi I, 
American Steam Engine Works ____ (87, 

Amerson, William ___________ . _______ 

Ames, W. B.. ______________________ 

Amick, Pleasant _____ ____ 177, 184, 449, 

Amsile.il, A. G _______________________ 

Andersen, Sebastian Drake. ....... ___ 

Anderson, Annie Sophia ..... _ ....... 

Anderson, A. A ..... . ......... ______ 

Anderson (II. 1..) Company . _ ..... ____ 

Anderson, Catharine A. ___ ........... 

Anderson, Elizabeth ________ ...... __ 

Anderson, Gustavus _________________ 

Anderson, James _ ........... _ ....... 

Anderson, John ____ .. _____________ 

Anderson, Magnus _ ............. ____ 

Anderson, Nils ........ ______________ 

Anderson, I'eter \\' ...... ____ ...... ___ 

Anderson, Rev. A. ____ ....... _ ...... 

Anderson, Rev. Cialusha ______ 8n, 812, 

Anderson, S. C _________ ......... ____ 

Anderson, William B.._ ............ .. 

Andre, A. ___ ..... _____ ............. 

Andreas, A. T ........ ____ ______ _____ 

Andrencelti, A ....... ________________ 

Andrews, Alfred Hinsdale ____ ________ 

Andrews (A. II.KVCo ....... 735, 737, 

Andrews, David ______________ ....... 

Andrews, Kilmund.-43o, 431, 513, 520, 

524, 526, 
Andrews, 1-Mwin .................. __ 

Andrews, K. Wyllys ..... ______ ..... 

Andrews, Frank ..... _______________ 

Andrews, II. 1 ...... _ ........ -------- 

Andrews, John W. ________ ......... . 

Andrews, Kittie M ___ .......... _ ..... 

Andrews, I.ucy W. . ............. ____ 

Andrews Lumber Company ._ ..... ___ 

Andrews, Mrs. M... ......... _ ____ 

Andrews, Mrs. S. M. ___________ ..... 

Andrews, William Ii. ________________ 

Angear, J. J. M ............ ---- ..... 

Angell, William A ____ ............ 232, 

Anvils, John _______ ..... _____ 82. 104, 

Angus, William ........ _____ ..... ___ 

Anncke, Fmil ...... . ....... . ........ 

Anson, Adrian!.'. __ ................ _ 

Anson, Luman Clark ..... . ....... 539, 

Anthon, 1'hilippa Howe .... ........ 

Anthony, Annie C. ----- ....... ____ - 

Anthony, Elliott ____ 415, 843, 846, 848, 

849, 850, 
Anthony, Robert ........ ___ ...... __ 

Appel, Henry- .................. ____ 

Appleton, James T. . ____ IO2, 867, 869, 

Arado, G. ____________ ......... ___ .. 

Arado, Mary. ....... . ...... . ........ 

Arata, A ---- ............. ... ........ 

Arata, G ________ ......... . .......... 

Archibald, E. ._ ...... . ............. 

Archibald, Jean A. ________ ...... _. 

Arianscn, II ................ ._ ...... 

Arley, Bridget ....................... 

Armitage, II. A. ___ ................ 

Armor, Samuel G _ _ ...... ___ ..... ___ 

Armour, Amelia G ................... 

Armour, Dole A: Co ....... ....... .69, 

Armour, George ........ 320, 421, 439, 

Armour, Joseph F. __.... ________ 32O, 

Armour, I'hilip I) ............ 290, 206. 

Armour, Mrs. I'hilip I) _____ . _________ 

Armour, Rev. George A ........ --522, 

Arms, Julia II .............. . ........ 

Armstrong, George I!. .. ..... -.795, 865, 



Page 
364 

(117 

688 



619 

87 
553 
394 
130 



576 
618 
544 
(126 
218 



7)<i 
822 
694 
368 
70 



329 
450 
358 
423 



619 

294 
73 
794 
817 
584 
847 
614 



827 
615 
735 
871 
397 



528 
626 
524 
553 
735 
|8o 
228 
480 
735 
522 



419 
304 

515 
393 
622 
82 
453 



673 

540 
103 

625 

862 
486 
91 
871 
615 
361 



615 
615 

584 
(102 
694 
485 
542 
559 
807 
333 
>|7 
807 
333 
520 
783 
148 
867 



Armstrong, Mrs. George I! 

Armstrong, I'crry A 

\rmstrong, R. A . 



Armstrong, Rev. J. C 

Armstrong, T. R. 

Armstrong, William 

Arnd, Charles. .. 



Arnold, Isaac N 184, 290, 291, 397, 

411, 412, 413, 685, 816, s 

841. Sf>4, 

Arnold, |. M 

Arnold, M. I!. 



. 560 

526 

. 354 

394 
. 226 
. 248 



Arnold, T. II. 

Arnot, W. C. 

Arrison, Mary 

Artesian Well Ice Company. 

Arthur, Chester A. 857, 

Arlingstall, S. C, 



Artley, J. W. 

Artley, Sylvester 847, 853, 

Arund-Vassy, Henrietta 

Arwedson, J. S 

A say, 1''.. G - -- 

Asay, William C. 

Asch, M. J,.---- 

Ash, Lucy E 

Ash, L. il... 



868, 
126, 

867", 



Ashburnrr, Marie I! 

Ashley, Evelyn ... 

Ashley, E. M. 

Ashworth, Miss A. . 

Aslund, L. E. 

Aspinwall, Caroline S_ _. 

Assenheim, Sarah __ 

Astor, W. W... 



Atkins A. R 

Atkins, A. R. II 

Atkins, Mis. Sarah Thomas Gray. 
Atkinson, J. W. 
Atkinson, Rev. 



-320, 

619, 



J. 



Atwater, S. T. 

Atwood, Charles . . _. 

At/el, Tobias 

Aubery, J. M 

Auer, II. B 

Augenstein, Rev. C 

Austin, Henry \V._ 

Austin, J. F 

Austin, S. II., Jr.. 

Austrian, Joseph 

Averill, A. J. 



verill, Anna M 

Avers, Frederick Henry . 

Avery, Charles O 

Avery, I). J . 

Avery, Henry Cyrus 

Avery, I.ydia C 

Avery, Mrs. P. A... 



-"77. 



Avery, Thomas Morris 290, 365, 371, 
519, 605, 608, 609, 

Avery (T. M.) & Son 

Axtell, Minnie M _ 

Axtell, Rev. N. II 791, 

Avars, James -.. .. 

Aye, Fred 

Ayen, Anthon O 

Ayer, Anna M 

Ayer, B. F 

Aver, Edward E. -.385, 



Ayer, Herbert C._ 

Ayer 1 .umber Company 

Ayer, Mrs. B. F __ 

Ayer, Mrs. Herbert C 

Avers, B. B 

Aykroyd, George M 

Ay res, Enos 

Ayres, Mary A. _ 

Azari, ( 'liovanni 

Aze, E. 

Babbitt, William U 

Babcock, C. F. . 

Babcock, D. M 

Babcock, II. II... [69, 

Babcock, |. II 

Babcock oi I'ark 

ck, S. V 



(X), 



430, 



875 
490 

351 
7" 

590 

73" 
337 
871 

134 
59 2 
75 

(140 

875 
286 
286 
608 
82 
320 
781 
467 
618 

457 
694 
602 
625 
467 
619 
621 

39 6 
496 

789 
610 
697 

394 
624 
695 
819 
875 
543 
58i 
408 

447 
249 

79 
37i 
617 
679 

182 
419 

806 
371 
303 
794 
461 
868 
590 
621 
291 
440 
385 
385 
424 
782 
68 1 
616 
866 
553 
243 
614 

4=o 
615 

"33 
679 

547 
378 
378 



Pago 

Babcoek & Wilcox 165 

Babcock, W. S _. 378 

Bach, Lena... 579 

Bacon, A. M 684 

Bacon, Roswell B 253 

Badenoch, John J ...320, 622, 625 

Badger, A. C. 373. 374 

Badger, A. S. 374 

Badger, Belle S 374 

Badger, Ella A. - 302 

Badger, II. II --373, 374 

Badger, Octavius - 390 

Badger, Samuel E 219 

Baeslaw, F. W. 617 

Baeuerlen, Frida ... 754 

Uaggol (1C.) & Co 569 

Baicrlc, Julia .247 

Bailey, Amos - 394 

Bailey, Bennett 397 

Bailey, E. S '. 532. 533 

Bailey, Edward W. - 306 

Bailey, E. II .. - 126 

Bailey, I'' ranees II 318 

Bailey, Henry--- 394 

Bailey, Isa M' 53& 

Bailey, [. C. 617 

Bailey, John C. W _ 624 

Bailey, loseph M. 245, 258 

Bailey, "Michael B. 101, 860 

Bailey, Thomas II. - 101 

Bailiss, Rev. J. II 789 

Bain, Rev. ]. W 805 

Bain, L. R.' . 626 

Baird, Absalom _ 583 

Baird, Frank Theodore ... 635 

Baird, Frederick 875 

Baird, Frederick Silas . 274 

Baird, l.yman 449 

Baird, W. W 449 

Bairstow, John 672 

Baker, I). W 3 2 

Baker, Emma - - - 647 

Baker, Fannie S..--. 3 IJ 8 

Baker, Fanny 412 

Baker, F. M' P7 

Baker, Franklin ---269, 397, 868 

Baker, G< >i ham F y*) 

Baker, G. W - 624 

Baker, Henry ...1 - 868 

Baker, Henry S 842 

Baker, John M 552 

Baker, "Mrs. J. M. 4' 9 

Baker, S. F. - 419 

Baker, Samuel 1 875 

Baker, Sarah F. - 513 

Baker, William - 78, 353 

Baker, W. B. _. 384 

Baker, William Taylor.. .290, 312, 404, 

405,417, 421, 429, 649, 873 

Balatka, Chr. 636 

Balatka, Hans - - 636 

Balch, Mattie 357 

Baldrige, Almarinda -- 231 

Baldwin, Byron A _ 98 

Baldwin, C. D.-- - 80 

Baldwin, E. B 32 

Baldwin, Eliza Jane 3 2 9 

Baldwin, Emma. 520 

Baldwin, G. I) - 320 

Baldwin, Lewis Sherman 501 

Baldwin (\.. S. ) Manufacturing Co 501 

Baldwin, M. II -- 77 

Baldwin, S. I) 866 

Baldwin, William Anson.. 394' 54" 

Baldwin, William II 4'" 

Balestier, Joseph N. . 394 

Ball, Farlin Huigley, 258, 590, 619, 621, 794 

Ball, GeorgeC 320 

Ball, J. M _ 320, 788 

Ballance, C 848 

Ballantyne, John F. . .669, 701, 702, 705, 706 

Ballard, Addison 76, 101,102,366, 

372, 374, 865, 867 

Ballard, Hannah A 547 

Ballard, Henry C 250 

Ballard, J. Harry - 76 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



Ballaseyus, Francis Albert 

Ballenberg, Jules 

Ballentine, Mrs. Agnes Myer 

Uallingall, P. 

Baluff, Rev. Ignatius ... 

I lander, Leander 

Bane, Oscar F 

Hank, Carl 

Banks, A. Arthur 

Banks, James N 

lianks, Mary Clara 

Banks, Mrs. S. M. 

Banks, Nathaniel 1'. 90, 

Banga, Henry _ __ 

Bangs, Dean 

lianas, George S 

Bangs, Isaac VV. 

Bangs, John I). ... 485, 

Bangs (John IX) & Co 

Bangs <\; Kirklaml 

Bangs, Mark 234, 565, 

Bann, Charles H 

Bannarcl, Henry C . 

Banning, Ephraim _ 

Banning, Thomas A. . 

Banton, J. Floyd 

Baragwanath, William _. 

Barben, Angelina __ 

Barber, Edward L. _ _ 

Barber, Iliram 617, 

Barber, James S. 

Barber, Lemuel . 

Barber, Mary P 

Barber, R. E. 802, 

Barclay, Mary Lee __ 

Barclay, P. \V. ... 

B.-.riatti, Elvira __ 

Barker, Hiram 

Barker, John C 616, 

Barker, S. B 393, 

Barker, Susan C 

Barker, William 

Barker, William Abner. 

Barker, W. C 

Barlen, Mrs. A. H. 

Barlow, Henry C 

Barlow, Kate 

Barnard, Gil. W 618, 622, 623, 624, 

Barnard, Josiah 

Barnard, M. R. 

Barnard, Richard 

Barnes (A. S.) & Co 

Barnes, Charles J 392, 393, 

Barnes, C. T 633 646 

Barnes, C. W. _ 

Barnes, Elizabeth 

Barnes, F. A 

Barnes, II 

Barnes, Joseph A 

Barnes, Linnie L 

Barnes, Luella 

Barnes, Mary _ _. 

Barnes, Metta B 

Barnes, Mrs. Anna M. Fitch 

Barnes, Roscoe C . 

Barnes, Mrs. Willis A 

Barnes, W. H ~__~ 

Harriet, Alexander 

Barney, John F 

Barney, William J 

Barn um, Eleanor B 

Barnum, William II 

Barr, William V. 

Barrell, James _ 

Barrel!, Mrs. Elizabeth A 

Barrensheim, Henry 

Barrett, Charles R 

Barrett, Edward P 102, 865, 

Barrett, John P. _ _ 12 o, 121, 124! 

Barrett, Oliver W. .. 461, 466, 600, 620, 
Barrett (O. W.) & Co. 

Barrett, Rev. E. W __. "I" 

Barrett, Rev. Newton 

Barrett, Richard I. 

Barrett, Thomas D 

Barriger, John W.. 



Page 

642 
726 

396 
836 
769 

59 1 
722 
820 
808 
626 

457 
522 

413 
524 

485 

567 

485 
586 
485 

235 
568 
291 

392 
800 
276 
542 
613 
34i 
255 
847 

"5 

397 
521 
804 
245 
625 
638 
406 

375 
650 
826 
800 

534 
506 
521 
221 
712 
625 
351 
449 
613 
684 
650 
647 
650 
95 
449 
836 

397 
223 

387 
752 
745 
396 

f>73 
853 
872 
801 
93 
39 
264 
238 
847 
787 
538 
580 

417 
867 
125 
865 
461 
802 
804 
854 
240 
583 



Page 
Barrington, P. F _ 466 

Barren, Elwyn A -684, 700, 705, 706 

Barrows, Mrs. John H. 290, 522, 796 

Barrows, Rev. John II. __ 419 

Barry, J. K 72 

Barry, John S. 334 

Barry, Julia D.__ 450 

Barry, P. T. __ _. 875 

Barry, Rev. William. - 411 

Barry, Robert _ 230 

Barry, Samuel Stedman.. 98, 99 

Barry, Thomas 125 

Barstow, G. S _ 621 

Bartalott, G. P 584 

Bartholomay & Burweger Brewing Co 577 

Bartholomay, Lena .... 577 

Bartholomay, Phillippe 577 

Bartlett, A. C. 233, 290, 417, 609, 

650, 796, 865 

Bartlett, Buel H. _ ._ 693 

Bartlett, Charles G 583 

Bartlett, Charles Herbert __ 394 

Bartlett, John A 173, 449, 518, 519, 520 

Bartlett, Julia Sophia .. 96 

Bartlett, Maro L __ 806 

Bartlett-Davis, Mrs. Jessie 637, (146, 

647, 670, 705 

Bartlett, N. Gray 513, 547 

Bartlett, Rev. W. A . .684, 807 

Bartlett, Richard _ __ 115 

Bartlett, Rufus II --.529 

Bartlett, S. M 625 

Bartling, Rev. William H. F 821 

Kartoli, L 615 

Bartolmy, Bartholomae 163 

Barton, Charles R. _ _ 374 

Barton, Jesse Billings 277 

Barton & Jones . 374 

Barton, Sarah 271 

Barton, Viola P _ 454 

Bartrain, Wheeler 115 

Barzynski, Rev. Vincent 777 

Bascom, A. D _ 617 

Bascom, Rev. Flavel.. 394, 834 

Base, Joseph 186 

Bash, Daniel 875 

Bash, D. N _ 875 

Basilia, Sister Mary (Callaghan) .. . 775 

Bass, J. \V._ 394 

Bass, Perkins 610 

Basse & Co. r __ 383 

Basse, Ferdinand L. F _ 383 

Bassett, C. W 553 

Bassett, George 394 

Bassett, Jared 827 

Bassett, J. S 95 

Bassett, N. Josephine 537 

Bassett, O. P 690 

Bassett, S. W 321 

Bast, Amanda 69 

Bastin, E. S -.431, 547 

Batchelor, Ezra 394 

Batchelor, Rev. George 825 

Batches, James 85 

Batches, John S. F 86 

Bateham, William B. . ..101, 143, 156, 

857, 865 

Bates, Clara Doty _ 684 

Bates & Co _ 365 

Bates, D. H 596 

Bates, Eli 365 

Bates, George C. _ __ 258 

Bates, John ___ 394 

Bates, Marianna 282 

Bates, Mary E 518 

Bates, Morgan _ 684 

Bates, Myra E _ 542 

Batten, John H 785 

Battershall, Frank II --564, 565, 590 

Bauer, August 72, 861 

Baugh, Rev. J. M 805 

Bauland, Jacob H 719 

Bauland, Joseph II 719 

Batimbrucker, M. _ 866 

Baumgarten, Charles 397, 836 

Bauingarten, John 102, 397 



Page 

Baumgras, Mrs. Peter 422 

Baumgras, Peter 422 

Baur, Hugo Franklin.. 552 

Baus, John 113 

Bausher, H.,Jr 782 

Bavznister, J. 871 

Baxter, A. J 525, 6oS 

Baxter, D. F. 320 

Baxter, Lizzie 422 

Baxter, Thomas M.. 321 

Baxter, William 617 

Bay iS: Baldwin. _ __ 546 

Bay, Edwin K __ 546 

Bay, George P.. .444, 449 

Beach, Elli A. _ 297 

Beach, James Sterling 397 

Beach, James W _ 875 

Beach, Mrs. Sarah.. _. 396 

Beadell, Madison 114 

Beagen, John 80 

Bea], F. E. L 153 

Beale, Mrs. G. II 625 

Beall, Eliza W 427 

Beam, Stella M _ 293 

Beard, John P. _ 114 

Beard, O. P 673 

Beardsley, Mrs. Caroline Gurnsey 396 

Beasley, J. R 521 

Beaubien, Jean Baptiste 190 

Beaubien, Mark 397 

Beaubien, Medore Benjamin 397 

Beaver, James E 95 

Beaver, Jennie _ 95 

Beazley, John G 304, 320 

Beck, C. H (19 

Becker, A. G. 409, 445 

Becker, Frederick Walter 260 

Becker, Jacob 854 

Beckett, Frances E 514 

Beckwith, Amos.. ._ 583 

Beckwith, Corydon 316 

Beckwith, Harriet H 251 

Beckwith, Mrs. Corydon 424 

Beckwith, Mrs. F. II 612 

Bedell, Lelia G 538 

Beebe, Albert G 535, 798 

Beebe, Curtis M. 535 

Beebe, G. T. __ 320 

Beebe, Henry T. 394 

Beebe, Luther A --617, 619 

Beebe, Mary _ 647 

Beebe, William II 320, 798 

Beecham, H. K _. 617 

Beecher, A. D. ... _ 422 

Beecher, Fred G. 616 

Beecher, Jerome.. 83, 129, 394 

Beecher, Rev. William ..802, 804 

Beeh, Edward __ _ 690 

Beem, Martin 109, 591 

Beers, J. H 687 

Beers, Rissa J 687 

Beers, Samuel __ 399 

Beggs, Rev. Stephen R 394 

Behrens, Max 550 

Behrle, Raymond 686 

Beiersdorf, Jacob 736 

Beidler, Aaron 369 

Beidler, Francis 369 

Beidler, Henry 72, 369, 498, 499 

Beidler, Herbert A... _ 499 

Beidler, Jacob... 72, 101, 102, 365, 366, 

369, 499, 522 

Beidler (J.) & Bro. Lumber Co 369 

Beidler, W. H 369 

Beilman, Edith _ 582 

Belden, Charles W 493 

Belding (George T.) & Co _ . 654 

Belding, H. II ... 69 

Belfield, Henry II 85, 150, 152, 153 

Belliekl, William T .510, 542 

Bell, Digby V 817 

Bell, Lizzie 340 

Bellows, George C. _ 251 

Belmont, A 57 

Pieman, Solon Spencer --64, 72, 152 

Bemis & Curtis Malting Company 573 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



Page 
la-mis. 11. V. .--65, 355,423, 575, 676 

I Semis, Joseph G. ._ 541, 542 

Ik-mis \ McAvov (>-(> 

Ik-mis V Mi-Avoy Brewing Co 576, 577 

Ik-mis, Mary A 468 

Ik-ni-iiick, Amzi 717 

Benglev, A 614 

Ikuhain, John __ 418 

Benjamin, Francis W 795 

Henjamin, S. S 359 

Bcnner, Mathias 125, 498, 860, 865 

Bcnner (M.) & Co 498 

Bennett, Abia 113 

Bennett, A. (', 681 

Bennett, E. P.. 616 

Bennett, Frank M 153 

Bennett, F. 705 

Bennett] lames 680 

Bennett, John Hughes 539 

Bennett, John Ira 236, 569, 844 

Bennett, J. L 590, 714 

Bennett, John W... 182, 787 

Bennett, Rev. G. \V 794 

Bennett, Rev. II. W 794 

Bennett, Rev. J. J 769 

Hennoit, Fred 586 

Bcnsinger, F 865 

Bensley, George E 808 

Bensley, John R.._ 302, 319, 320, 331 

Benson, Herman H. 626 

Ik-nson, John A. 570 

Benson, Olof __ 184 

Bent \ lUlvali IOO 

Bent, Thomas. 672 

Bent, William M. 358 

Bentley, Cyrus 816, 817 

Bendy, Charlotte 120 

Benton, Elizabeth J 558 

Benton, George C. _ 797 

Benton, Thomas II 834 

Benyaurd, \V. II. II. __ 291 

Berael, Charles 394 

Berdel, Susan 327 

Berdell, Nicholas 397 

Berg, Anton _ 394 

Berg (Henry) A: Son 360 

Berg, Joseph 394 

Berg, Ole __ 426 

Berger, Harry 727 

'. Rev. J 794 

Bergeron, Rev. Achille 769 

Bergeron, Rev. A. I 773 

lein, Carl 630,631, 632 

Berlin, Robert C 74 

Berry, Ellen 625 

Berry, Harriet A 752 

Berry, Henry J __ 497 

Berry, Isaac 15 394 

Berry, Isadora 127 

Berry, John 613, 614 

Berry, Joseph ._ 836 

Berry, Oliver A 197 

Berry, W. M.__ 172 

Bert, Eddy 509 

Berteau, F. G. _ 614 

v, E. I) ._ 579 

Besley, William -.. . 579 

Besley, W. Bryant _ 579 

Best, Henry 239 

Best, Martin SGl, 871 

Best, Mrs. William 419 

Best, Russell & Co 581 

Best, William _ 581 

he, Charles W. 739 

Betsche iV Ricke .Manufacturing Co 739 

Betlenger, Elizabeth __ 362 

Bettman, Boerne 515, 516, 523,526 

i, Thomas 513 

Beveridge, Mm I.. 249, 567, 846, 858, 875 

Beverly, Mrs. |. N... 625 

Bickford, C, I) 436 

Bickford, C. M 584 

Bickford, Richard K 365, 366 

Bidwcll, Mrs. Maria 396 

Piiehl, Henry 278, 279 

Biehl, J. ..1 695 



Page 

Bielefeldt, J. S 875 

Bielfeldt, F 865, 866 

Bierbower, Austin 794 

Bigelow, Arison A. 366, 376, 377, 393 

Bigclim- Bros 368, 376 

Bigelow, Catherine Seymour 478 

Bigelow, Charles II 376 

Bigelow, 1). F. 420, 422 

Bigelow, Ellen 249 

Bigelow, Hattie 531 

Bigelow, Hiram 288 

Bigelow, Liberty 166 

Bigelow, William II 376, 377 

Billigmann, Augusta 445 

Billings, A. M 860 

Billings, Cornelius Kingsley Garrison.- 128 

Billings, Frank 512,676, 677 

Billings, II. C 806 

Billings, II. F 622,677, 867 

Billings, II. S 866 

Billings, Sarah A 383 

Bills, "Elizabeth 123 

Bines, Robert... 290 

Bingham, David 467 

Bingham, S. R 800 

Binz & Weiss _ 576 

Birch, Susan.. 345 

Birchard, Matthew 190 

Bird, C. W 631 

Bird, J. A. T -619, 623 

Bird, Hannah I,ee 700 

Birdsall, Jane Eliza.. 792 

Birk, Jacob 577, 578 

Birkhoff, George 449 

Birotli, Henry 547, 617 

Birren cS; Carroll 762 

Birren, Cornelius. __ 762 

Birren, Nicholas. 762 

Bisbee, Lewis II 266, 521, 875 

BischofT, Alexander 631, 632 

Bischoff, H.Alexander.- 389 

Bischoff, J. W 629 

Bishop, Charles N 584 

Bishop, F. A._ 584 

Bishop, Hutiry W 407,408, 569 

Bishop, Isabella Chinn ._ 83 

Bishop, James E 394 

Bishop, Julia S 185 

Bishop, Mrs. Sophronia Julia Steele 396 

Bishop, O. A _ _ 852 

Bishop, Rev. II. N 785 

Bishop, Richard 846 

Bishop, R. W _- 512 

Bishop, S. S._ _-_ 526 

Bishop, W. I)., Jr 413 

Bishop, W. W 584, 585 

Bissel, Ellen S 600 

Bissell, George F 796 

Bissell, William H. _ 834 

Bixby, Mary E. 265 

Bixby, Mrs. C. II 522 

Bjorgelfsen, T 694 

Black, Emma 119 

Black, Francis 395 

Black, G. V 542 

Black, John C.-3I9, 320, 402, 421, 439, 

567, 650, 847, 858, 873 

Black, Sarah _ 352 

Black, William P. 853 

Blackburn, Anna 77 

Blackburn, C. O 507 

Blackburn, I. like P. 576 

Blackburn, Rev. William M..-799, So2, 804 

Blackler, W. II.. 624 

Blackmail, ('. II. 320 

Blackmail, Edwin 395, 439 

Blackman, Isabella 682 

Blackmail, James M ... 500 

Blaekman, Mrs. Edwin. 612 

Blackman, O. M 630 

Blackman, Orlando 150, 629 

Blackstone, Mrs. T. B .. 424 

Blackstone, T. B. 334, 335 

Blackwell, L. 522 

Blaine, James G 413, 591, 871, 873 

Blair & Blair 756 



Page 

Blair, C. B 142, 290 

Blair, C. B. ,V 1 756 

Blair, C. 1 184, 310, 320, 393 

Blair, E. T 418 

Blair, Francis P. 

Blair, Francisco 627 

Blair, Frank M.. 102, 233, 827, 867 

Blair, Horatio Porter 04 

Blair, Lyman -334, 7^5 

Blair, Mrs. Chauncy J 424 

Blair, Mrs. William 411; 

Blair, Watson F 393, 422, 650 

Blair, William 522 

Blair, William Thomas. .286, 320, 421, 649 

Blaisdell, S. E 617 

Blake, E. C 518 

Blake, E. Nelson 290, 316, 318, 

319, 320, 598, 873 

Blake, John Oliver 682 

Blake, L. S. 395 

Blake, Mabel E 362 

Blake, Rev. James 405 

Blake, Rev. James V 711 

Blake, S. C. 527 

Blakely & Brown .._ 688 

Blakely, Brown & Marsh 689 

Blakely, C. F 688 

Blakely, David 567 

Blakemore, Joseph 426 

Blanchard, William 365, 366 

Bland, Rev. R. W r 791 

Blaney, J. II 547 

Blaney, J. R._ 156 

Blaney, J. V. Z 816 

Blaney, T 836 

Blaney, Thomas W. 461 

Blasey, Barnhard 397 

Blasheg, Agnes 312 

Biasser, Gertrude 794 

Blatchford E. W 79. 118, 152,291), 

299, 421, 430, 518, 526, 807, 871 

Blatchford, Mrs. E. W --152, 520 

Blatz, Valentine _ 579 

Blenu, E. 1) _ 848 

Bletsch, Rev. Jacob 793, 794 

Bleltncr, August 114 

Blickhau, Lizzie 525 

Blinn, Odelia.- .- 419 

llliss, E. Raymond 406, 407, 624 

Bliss, George Harrison 598, 808 

Bliss, Mrs. Henry W... 419 

Bliss, Samuel 827 

Block, John J 868 

Block, Sophia 297 

Blodgett, Edward A 588, 590, 827 

Blodgett, G. R. .._ _ 677 

Blodgett, Henry W -234, 429, 568, .^74 

Blom, John...'. ... 866 

Blomgren Bros. iV Co _ 691 

Blomgren, Clans G 691 

Blomgren, Oscar X. __ 691 

Blood, Rosa F. 414 

Bloomlield, Elizabeth (jo 

Bloomingston, J.S 622 

Blount, Fred M" 182 

Bluhm, Carl 855 

Blum, Alfred 234 

Blume, A 501 

Blunt, A. W ._ 535 

Bluthardt, Theodore J 82, 163, 864 

Boardman, Rev. George Nye joy, 809 

Boddic, M. M. 404 

Bodeman, William 547 

Bodley, Eva __ 382 

Bodmer, Anna C 159 

Boema, Gabriella __ 633 

Boenert, Anton 294' 

Boerlin, Louis 431 

Bogardus, A. H 683 

Bogardus, Sarah Elizabeth 326 

Bogart, Robert I) 702 

Boggs, C. T 816 

Boggs, Mrs. C. T. 419 

Bogles. Walters. 387 

Bogue, George M 172, 407, 449, 

522, 651, 847, 875 



Sl'KCIAL IXDKX. 



Pasc 
Bngilr, II. B 449 

Bogue, Roswell G -.518, 520, 525, 

528, 606, 608 

Bohanan, George W 626, 627 

Bohman, G. A 523 

Bohmann, Joseph 653 

Bohner, George 404 

Bohner (George) & Co 752 

Boice, II. M 384 

lioise, James R 684, 816 

Kni. mil, Margaret 86 

Bolinger, Lila 363 

Holies, Caroline _ 257 

Holies, Mrs. Sarah K 396 

Holies, Nathan H.__ 836 

Bolton, Rev. II. \V. 789 

Bolton, William H ._ 50,0, 50,1 

Homan, Rev. Carl Bernhard Leonard .. 

523, 821 

Bond, A. II. 672 

Bond, Charles I. 449 

Hond, Enos ._ _ 50,0 

Hond. K. N 422 

Hond. Lester L 101, 143, 619, 621, 

794, 845, 846, 854, 857, 875 

Hond, Thomas N 102, 143, 512, 798, 

866, 868, 870 

Hi mi I, William _ 395 

Hond, William A. 449 

Hon Field, John 617, 856 

HimHeld, L F _ -1/2, 864 

Bonfield, Mrs. J. F. 277 

Hon field, M. W 762 

Honnell, J. M._ 622 

Bonnell, Mellie 625 

Bounell, Sarah A. 625 

I lonner, Robert . _ 57 

Bouncy, Charles C 289, 290, 291, 535 

B' mney, C. L. _ _ _ 402 

Hunter. V. W. I!. II. "_ 680 

Honville, Elizabeth 127 

Hunk-slaver, Mrs. I,. E. 6n 

Hoomer, L. H. 83 

Boomer, N. \V. 150 

Hoone, I.evi I) 397, 710, 816, 840 

Hoone, Mrs. Louisa M. Smith -51/1 

Booth, Alfred 295, 613 

Booth (A.) & Sons 680 

Hooth, Daniel 292, 293, 875 

Booth, Dwight 840 

Booth, Ella C. 227 

Booth, 1C. M _ 630 

Booth, K _ 677 

Booth, Henry 4'7, 535, 816, 817 

Booth, Henry I) 238 

Booth, Stephen B 335 

'. S. M .._ 708 

Booth, William Vernon 679 

Borchert (F.) & Son 579 

Boiden, John 667 

Borden, T. C __ 618 

Bordwell, Frances N 494 

Bordwell, Nellie. 625 

Boring, Charles O. 431 

Boring, K. M 6n 

liorland, C,. W. ~~ 688 

Borland, |. J . 366 

Borland, M. W _ 621 

Born, Lilly -j 2 (, 

Bornemann, E. B __ .. 616 

Bonier, William 617 

liorreli. A... 6l 5 

Bosche, Rev. Aloysius 771 

Bii'-'ovitz, Frederick 639, 640 

Boser, Jacob.. 102 

Bosley, Margaret. ._ 351 

Bostwick, E. M. 621 

Hosworth, Increase Child 395 

Bosworth, Sarah A _. 739 

Bothman, Anna 294 

Botkin, A. C 697 

Botsford, Henry _ 4-5,, 

Botsford, Jabez Kent 395, 853 

Botsford, Mrs. Frances Dolly '_ 396 

Boucher, Mary '_ (() ,, 

Boughman, H. G 693 



Page 

Bourgeois, Margaret 773 

Bour'ke, J. E 585 

Bourke-Freret, Mother 774 

Boiirke, Maggie E _ 389 

Bournique, A 614 

Bournique, Augustus Eugene . 654 

Boutell, Henry S .._ 875 

Boutelle, C. A 410 

Bouton, N. S. _. 69, 83, 418, 482, 557, 

(107, 608, 609, 655, 657 

Bowden, Thomas A. 466 

Bowen, Chauncey T IOI, 143, 167, 

171, 436, 854 

Bowen, Emma 389 

Bowen, Frank A. . 629 

Bowen, George S ... 655, 847 

Bowen, John S. . 69 

Bowen, Mary D. 258 

Bowerman, Martha Almina ~ 534 

Bowerman, Nelson 534 

Bowers, Nellie 647 

Bowie, James R 800 

Bowker, Andrew G. 626 

Bowlby, Lillie 223 

Howler, I lenry S 584, 586 

Bowman, Eliza W. ._ 521 

Boyce, L. M 546 

Boyd, Charles L 101 

Boyd, John C 868 

Boyd, Robert 816 

Boyd, Thomas A. B 837 

Boyd, W. H 512 

Boyden, Noel B. - 860 

Boyer, Mary 451 

Hover, Valentine Aurand 395 

Boyesen , J. K 403 

Boyington, Levi C 739 

Boyington, W. W OS, 861 

Boyles, Samuel 345, 827 

Boynton, Daniel M 617 

Boynton, George W. 576 

Boynton, \V. W 629 

Brabnnd, Edward E _. 732 

Brachtendorf, Barney.. 875 

Brachvogel, Charles 425 

Brachvogel, Lena T __. 293 

Brachvogei & Press Manufacturing Co. 425 

Brackebush, Alfred C. ._ 387 

Braekett & Waite 458 

Bracken, William 458 

Braekett, William W 395 

Bradbury, Bion __ 410 

Bradbury, Sarah 185 

Bradford, Mary J 600 

Bradford, Rev. D. C 805 

Bradley, Asa Foster 395, 836, 837 

Bradley, David 395, 798 

Bradley, David C. 592 

Bradley, George W. _ 673 

Bradley, J. Harley 233, 405, 609, 650 

Bradley, Luther P. 592 

Bradley, Mrs. D. C. 424 

Bradley, Sidney S. _ 395 

Bradley, Timothy M. 239, 567 

Bradley, William H 182, 184, 234, 

407, 441, 535, 568, 593, 609, 807, 847 

Bradner, Smith &Co._ 465 

Bradshaw, J. H 788 

Bradwell, James B 290, 407, 624, 

625- 75, 706, 875 

Bradwell, Myra _ _ 625 

Brady, Charles B _ 871 

Brady, Charles P 869 

Brady, Luther B. 357 

Brady, Matthew P 270 

Brady, O. M.._ _ 102, 590, 866 

' !ra :-;K, Braxton __ 141 

Bragg, F. A 449 

Brahm, George. 871 

Braiden, May A. 512 

Br.-iinard, William N 296, 298, 318, 320 

Brainerd, C. A. 584 

Braley, Ellen 99 

Bramhall, G. R. _._ 126 

Brand, Eliza 580 

Brand & Hummel _ ... 579 



Page 
Brand, Michael.. 86, lot, 578, 597, 844, 875 

Brand (Michael) & Co 465, 578 

Brand, Rudolph 102, 278, 280, 578, 

579, S6 7 , 871, 873 

Brand, Virgil M. 578, 579 

Brande, Mary E. _ 710 

Brandsville, Howell Co 579 

Brandt, George W 244 

Brandt, Maggie 731 

Branigan, Hugh 654 

Brannan, Elizabeth 78 

Branson, Phil 647 

Branson, Shelton S 800 

Brant, Augusta 375 

Brass, Roger J 416 

Braun, David 617 

Braun, Eva 86 

Braun, Frank 615 

Braun , George 865 

Brauns, Leopold 307 

Brawley, Francis W. S.. 258, 680 

Brayman, Mason 816 

Bra'yton, H. B 846, 875 

Brazee, C. M 586 

Brazee, T. H _. 574 

Brechback, Augustus _ 627 

Breck, Joseph C. 817 

Breckenridge, John C.__ 103 

Breckenridge, W. C. P _. 402 

Breda, Charles 501 

Bredberg, Rev. Jacob 785 

Bredberg, Rev. John. ^_ 786 

Bredow, Minnie 69 

Brega, C. \V. 320 

Bremner, B. E 404 

Bremner, David F 326 

Brenan, C. II. 617 

Brenan, Thomas 172, 184, 416, 856, 

865, 867, 871 

Brenckle, Frank C __ 690 

Brennan, Michael __ 115 

Brennen, Mary 495 

Brenock, John _ 182 

Brentano, Lorenz 844, 847, 875 

Brew, William 617 

Brewer, Elizabeth 350 

Brewer, Emma 745 

Brewer, J. S 409 

Brewster, Edward Lester 442, 650 

Brewster, John E . 675 

Brewster, Mrs. Charlotte Rhines 396 

Bridge, Norman 146, 409, 430, 518, 

519, 522, 542, 867 

Bridge, Norman T _ 508 

Bridges, C 816 

Bridges, Lyman 121, 591 

Bridges, Thomas B 395 

Br 'ggs. Clinton. 101, 325, 429, 861, 862, 864 

Br 'gg s . J- G 102 

Briggs, J. H 143 

Briggs, Mary M. 453 

Briggs, Mrs. Emma 640 

Briggs, Samuel A 431 

Bright, Orville T _ 150 

Brine, George J .320, 598 

Brine, John F __ 584 

Brinkerhoff, George M 478 

Brinkerhoff, Mrs. Septima S 396 

Brinkmann, Clement _. 358 

Brinkmeier, C 617 

Briot, Charles H 713 

Bristol, E. S 503, 504 

Bristol (E. S.) & Co 503 

Bristol (E. S.) & Gale 503 

Bristol, Rev. Frank Milton ...290, 789, 

791, 792, 829, 871 

Brittan, Charles H. 636 

Britton, Mary E _ 553 

Brobston, Rev. William 804 

Brock, John S _. 395 

Brockmann, Minnie 821 

Brockway, James W 590, 857 

Brockway, Mrs. L. Freeman 153 

Brockway, S. B. 154 

Brodie, Mrs. James 419 

Bromley, Frank C. 420, 422 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



Page 

Bronsgeest, Rev. Henry C 771, 772 

Brook, Mary 84 

Brooker, Klsie S 504 

Brookes, Joshua 395 

Brookes, Samuel 395 

Brookman, Josephine 624 

Brooks, A. F. . 422 

Brooks, D. C 708 

Brooks, E. F 590 

Brooks, Frank H 702 

Brooks, F. L 502 

Brooks (George II.) & Co 222 

Brooks, Henry 397 

Brooks, J. C 366 

Brooks, J. T 295 

Brooks, John \V __ 228 

Brooks, Midas 491 

Brooks, Mrs. A 522 

Brooks, Rev. Arthur 781 

Brooks, S. N 520 

Brooks, Thomas _ 619 

Broome. Sarah M _.. 511 

Broomell, Chester C.._ 460 

Broomell, George D. _ 460 

Brophy, Truman W. 542, 543 

Bross, William 165, 430, 827, 844, 858 

Brothers, John T 4<)c> 

Brower, C. H. 620 

Brower, Daniel R. 518, 519, 525 

Brower, R. C. 521 

Brown, Andrew . 320 

Brown, Andrew Jesse. _ .94, 395 

Brown, Ann Elizabeth 737 

Brown, Arthur K 731 

Brown, A. T _ 272 

Brown, Carrie H ._ 282 

Brown, Charles . 126 

Brown, Charles B 479 

Brown (C. B.) & Co 479 

Brown, Charles Everts 395, 618 

Brown, C. H. 617 

Brown, Charles T -. 125 

Brown, Cora A. _ 553 

Brown, Dan - 713 

Brown, Dell 103 

Brown, Edward Osgood .268, 401, 4112 

Brown, Edwin __ 629 

Brown, Edwin Lee 610,657, 8 73 

Brown, Eliza Buckley 485 

Brown, Enos 617 

Brown, Francis F 684 

Brown, G. B 684 

Brown, George Francis 230, 625, 787 

Brown, Hannah __ 152 

Brown, H. H -- 461, 617 

Brown & Holland. 713 

Brown, H. T 103 

Brown, J. A., Jr 128 

Brown, James Clement _. 397 

Brown , John 61 8 

Brown, John M 132 

Brown, John W 321, 618, 624, 625, 627 

Brown, Joseph E 673 

Brown, Joseph H -- 478 

Brown, Lemuel 395, 397 

Brown, Mary N. 295 

Brown, Mrs. Sarah Dunn Howe 396 

Brown, Mrs. Susan L. - 396 

Brown, Nathaniel J ._ 395 

Brown, Paul 422 

Brown, Rev. \V. F 802, 804 

Brown, Samuel 618 

Brown, S., Jr 584 

Brown, S. A. 382 

Brown (S. A.) & Co 381 

Brown, Stephen F _. 590, 626 

Brown, Sylvester E 94 

Brown, T. D 609 

Brown, Theodore F 629, 630 

Brown, Thomas 548 

Brown & Van Arsdale Manufacturing Co., 479 

Brown, Walter Lee _ 477, 684 

Brown, William H 395,412, 479, 

731, 841, 875 

Brown (W. H.) & Co 731 

Browne, Anthony- 306 



Page 

Browne, Edwin F 681 

Browne, F. V 704, 710 

Browne, Fred. H _ 681 

Browne, Ida F __ 727 

Brownell, Mary 152 

Brownell, Mrs. A _ 419 

Browning, Mary 723 

Browning, ( ). 11 _. 290, 534 

Browning, Williams Granville 284 

Brownlee, Mary M 805 

Bruce, E. K 461 

Brucker, M. 485 

Brucklacher, Emma 501 

Bruhnke, J. C _ 732 

Brumbach, Ida.. _ 486 

Brim, Rev. X. C 822 

Brunei!, Moses _ 502 

Bruner, Anna B __ 372 

Brunswick it Balke Co. _ 683 

Brunswick, Benjamin. __ 683 

Brunswick, Charles 683 

Brunswick & Co 682 

Brunswick, Joseph _ 682, 683 

Brush, Edward 797 

Brushingham, Rev. J. I'. 793 

Brusnen, Mary 498 

Bryan & Borden 458 

Bryan, Byrd 422 

Bryan, Frederick Augustus 395 

Bryan, Lucinda __ 822 

Bryan, T. A - .. 787 

Bryan, Thomas B (29, 609, 757 

Bryan, W. H 449 

Bryant, George H 690 

Bryant, J. H .496, 497 

Bryant, James M 306, 307 

Bryant, John 695 

Bryant, John J._ 311, 320 

Bryant & Meserve 496 

Bryant, T. E 335 

Bryant, Thomas W 599 

Bryar, W. J 618, 619 

Bryson, William 134 

Buchanan, Edward P 127 

Buchanan, James 800 

Buchanan, James N 127 

Buchanan, Mabel R 441 

Buchanan, Milford DeWitt _ 387 

Buchanan, Robert S 440 

Buchman, H. W 549 

Buck, Dudley 637, 641 

Buck, E. L 672 

Buck, George 547 

Buckie, John, Jr. 695 

Buckingham, C. P --478, 479, 684 

Buckingham, E 440 

Buckingham, Ebenezer _ 478 

Buckingham, Edward II .- 479 

Buckingham, J. & E. 333 

Buckingham, John _ 478 

Buckingham, John H 479 

Buckingham, May ._ 613 

Buckingham, Reuben D 745 

Bucklen, H. E. 752 

Buckley, Thomas 462 

Buckley, William in, 115 

Buckman, R. M. __ 800 

Buckner, S. B 411 

Buecking, E. F 539, 541 

Buehler, John 101, 143, 182, 855, 875 

Buel, James M 395 

Buell, "Carolina B 871 

Buell, Elijah _ __ 395 

Buell, George C 282 

Buell, Ira Warren 249, 406, 407, 616 

Buffum, J. H.... -. 535 

Buffum, Mary 625 

Buffum, S. S 618, 625 

Buhmann, Theodore W 740 

Buhrer, John S 481 

Buldenwech, Caroline __ 495 

Bulkley, J -- 816 

Bull, Charles D 383 

Bullard. Charles William 507 

Bullard & Gormley 507 

Bullen, George 575 



Page 

Bulk-n (George) & Co 575, 576 

Bullen, John F. - 618 

Bullock, J. C .- 81 

Bullock, M. C 622 

Bullock, Walter H 431 

Bullwinkle, Ben B. _ 462 

Bundy, Fanny L 516 

Bundy, John ('.__ ... 832 

Bundy, W. F._ 541 

Bunge, Christoph .. 308 

Btinn, Jacob 478 

Bunn, J. W 478 

Bunte Bros. & Spoehr 753 

Bunte, Ferdinand 753 

Bunte, Gustavns 753 

Burbank, Emma 385 

Burbank, W. II 622 

Burbank. W. M _6iS, 625 

Biirch (I. II.) & Co 558 

Burchell, J. K 456 

Burcky, Frederick _ 327 

Burdett, Edward A ._ 483 

Burdick, Oscar 75 

Burdick, William P.. 856, 857 

Burdsal, C. S., Jr 380 

Burford, Belle C 813 

Burgess, Rev. Alexander 779 

Burgess, Alonzo _ 507 

Burgess, Mrs. W. T 419 

Burgess, William T._ 852 

Burgett, John M. H... 276 

Burghoffer, J. J. G 420, 422 

Burgweger, Leonard 577 

Burke, Edmund 827 

Burke, Edward P 102, 866, 868, 870 

Burke, Michael 867 

Burke, Rev. Maurice F _ 768 

Burke, Rev. T. F _ 767 

Burke, Walker & Co (.50 

Burkert, A. J _ 591 

Burkhart, Ellen R 151 

Burkhart, Henry S __ 182 

Burley, Arthur Oilman 394, 395 

Burley, Augustus Harris 102, 143, 

395, 439, 886, 868, 870, 875 

Burley, Charles 395 

Burling & Adler 93 

Burling, Edward 72, 626, 861 

Burmeister, John C - 491, 523 

Burmeister & Lundt 491 

Burnet, William II _ 650 

Burnett A 520 

Burnett, Elizabeth Bertha 482 

Burnett, Mary Weeks 536 

Burnett, Robert A 536 

Burnett, Vanderkloot & Co. _ 482 

Burnett, Ward B 397 

Burnham. Ambrose. 836 

Burnham (E.) & Son 546 

Burnham, Sherburne W. 409, 428 

Burnham & Smith 546 

Burnham, T 521 

Burnham & VanSchaack 546 

Burns, Mrs. J. A. 625 

Burns, Oscar .._ 120 

Burns, Rev. W. II. 792, 793 

Burns, Thomas. 125 

Burns, Thomas E 673 

Burns, Zora _ 119 

Burnside. Thomas E. ., 705 

Burpee, Helen 625 

Burr, Jonathan __ 411 

Burr, Rev.J. D. 815 

Burrell, Rev. D. J _ 804 

Burrell, Louis F __ 798 

Burroughs, Charles J 613, 625 

Burroughs, George 565 

Burroughs, George T _ 592 

Burroughs, Lester M. 395 

Burroughs, Rev. John C 146, 429, 

710, 815, 816, 817, 866, 869 

Burrows, Mrs. Thomas _ 451 

Burrows, Thomas 451 

Burt, A. S 320 

Hurt, William 442 

Burtis, James C 128 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



Page 

F.iirtis, lames K 816 

Burtis, Peter T. 626 

Burton, Arthur M. 289 

Burton, Mrs. Ann W. Germain 396 

Bums, Garrott 695 

But-wash, Henry John 531 

Burwell, W. B 485 

Busbey, L. White 700 

Busbey, William II 699 

Busch, Hattie 579 

Busch, M 615 

Busche, H 501 

Buschman, William 617 

Buschwah, Matthew 617, 619 

Buschwah, Peter _ 865 

Bush, T. Merrick _. 846 

Bush, Lewis 491 

Bushnell, A. S 504 

Bushnell, G. K 533 

Bushnell, William H 816 

Bushnell, Winslow - 375, 376 

Buskirk, Samuel A _ 231 

Basse, Christian 856, 857 

Busse, G. A 101 

Butler, Annie __ 625 

Butler, Benjamin 872 

Butler, Benjamin F 873 

Butler, Betsey 396 

Butler, C. W 584 

Butler, Ettie 633 

Butler, John H 128, 395 

Butler, Joseph _- 616 

Butler, I. S 128 

Butler, Julius W 409. 808 

Butler, "Mrs. Elizabeth 625 

Butler, Mrs. Joseph 625 

Butler, Nathaniel, Jr 817 

Butler, Rev. A. F. 787 

Butler, Rev. II. F._ 787 

Butler, Rev. P. T 769 

Butler, Rev. Thomas 766 

Butler, William H 395 

Butler, William P ___ 128 

Bull in, Laura R. 262 

Butterfield, Frank II 122 

Butterfield, J. A. 629, 648 

Butters, Mrs. C. E 419 

Butterworth, B. S 618 

Button, Peter __ 397 

Butts, Kate _ 152 

Butz, Caspar 101, 102, 861, 875 

Bve, James W __ 358 

Byford, Henry T 521 

Byford, William H 508, 512, 518, 

520, 521, 542 

Byl, Erne. 100 

Cable, J. R. ._ _ 335 

Caddoe, Rebecca 747 

Cady, Marie 740 

Cady, Mary J _ 240 

Cady, Rev. M. E. 792 

Cady, Samuel P __. 867 

Calahan, J. E.. , _ 403 

Calder, A ___ 869 

Calder, A. J 871 

Caldwell, F. C 543 

Caldwell, Jeanette B _ Si 

Caldwell, John 395 

Caldwell, Rev. J. M 792 795 

Caldwell, W. W. _ 470 

Calhoun, Henrietta 383 

Calhoun, Jt)hn C 190, 412 

Calhoun, Mrs. Parmelia C. Hathaway. _ 396 

Calkins, A. C .__ 365, 366 

Calkins, C. R. 44^ 

Calkins, E. A 703 

Calkins, Mrs. John 419 

Calkins, J. W 369,375, 502 

Catkins, W. W. 366 

Call, E. B. . 542 

Callaghan, Bernard 171, 866, 869 

Callahan, Michael 115 

Callahan, Patrick 485 

Callis, Mrs. Susan. 396 

Cameron, A. C 847 

Cameron, 'Amberg & Co. 688, 691 



Page 

Cameron, Charles S 837, 86( 

Cameron, Daniel 614, 846 

Cameron, Daniel R. 688 

Cameron, Elizabeth _ 35 

Cameron, John 461, 4(2 

Cammack, John 395 

Camp, Cecelia Crawford 799 

Camp, Isaac N. . 653 

Camp, Lavinia M . 832 

Camp, Mrs. Isaac N. 519 

Campau, Mary A. 372 

Campbell, Alexander. 81, 847 

Campbell, A. Courtney _ 405 

Campbell, Bartley__ _ 672 

Campbell, Benjamin C. 166 

Campbell, B. H 234, 568 

Campbell, Charlotte 216 

Campbell, Emma _. 510 

Campbell, Franklin .. 626 

Campbell, George _ 625 

Campbell, James 216, 395 

Campbell, James L 101, IO2, 846, 

854, 870, 875 

Campbell, John 626 

Campbell, John D 227 

Campbell, Kate . 357 

Campbell, Murdoch 81, 625 

Campbell, Nettie B _ 625 

Campbell, R. D. 694 

Campbell, Rev. W 767 

Campbell, S. C 629 

Campbell, Sarah E 729 

Campbell, Stephen 395 

Campbell, Thompson 835 

Campbell, William J 848, 852, 853, 875 

Campion, John _. ._ 121 

Canda, F. 614 

Candee, George W _. 583 

Candidus, William _ 649 

Candler, A 616 

Canfield, Corresta T 538, 539 

Canfield, Eugene 409 

Canisius, Charles 617 

Canman, Leo 706 

Cannon, George R 590 

Cannon, Thomas 101, 867 

Cantine, Rev. R. S 793 

Cantwell, Rev. J. S 711 

Cantwell, Thomas 875 

Caproni, A _ 615 

Carbine, Thomas 185 

Garden, John 575 

Garden, John, Jr _ 575 

Carder, George Herbert 536 

Carey, Adelaide S 534 

Carey, Mrs. Priscilla 713 

Carey, Ogden & Parker. 90 

Cargill, Frank R 501 

Cargill (F. R.) & Co... 501 

Carleton, Henry G 684 

Carlisle, Jane _. 382 

Carlisle,}. B 126 

Carlisle, John G 872 

Carlisle, J. S. - 869 

"arlson, Gustaf Henry __ 432 

"arlsson, Emmy C 822 

^arlsson, Rev. Erl 523 

Carman, William H 108, 115 

"armichael, Adelaide 337 

armichael, D. L 590 

Carmichael, G. S 320 

Carne & Drury 460 

Carne, John, Jr. 460 

'arney, James _ _ 836 

barney, Thomas 101, 854 

Carpenter, A. A 290, 366, 377, 405, 

408, 417, 873, 874, 875 

'arpenter, Abel E 393 

Jarpenter, A. M 515 

Carpenter, Flora M 653 

"arpenter, George B 293, 299, 652, 

807, 827 

Carpenter (George B.) & Co _ 293 

Carpenter, George N 417 

'"arpenter, Mason B 585 

'arpenter, Mrs. George B, 629 



Page 

Carpenter, Mrs. L. H 419 

Carpenter, N. H 421 

Carpenter, Philo 395, 834 

Carpenter, Sarah L. Warren 396 

Carpenter, W. O 377 

Carpenter, W. S _. 584 

Carr, Clark E 871 

Carr, George _. 83 

Carr, Frances _ 83 

Carr, Henry H 297, 317 

Carr, J. D. M 622 

Carr, T. T._ 289 

Carreno, Teresa 639 

Carrey, Edmond 390 

Carrington, Abbie 633 

Carrol, William 121 

Carroll, John __ _ 762 

Carroll, Minnie _ 378 

Carroll, M. J.. 694 

Carroll, Rev. John Joseph _ 765 

Carroll, Rev. Thomas __ 769 

Carroll, Robert Stevenson 267 

Carroll, Thomas J 871 

Carroll, W. C 591 

Carse, Mrs. T. B 853 

Carseley, Francis M 737 

Carson, James D 228, 451, 666, 672 

Carson, John B 226, 227, 228, 666 

Carson, Nellie M. 696 

Carson & Pine _ 716 

Carten, Rev. Joseph 767, 776 

Carter, Artemas 295, 365, 370, 846, 875 

Carter Brothers 116 

Carter, Consider B 81, 182 

Carter, Helen Anderson 780 

Carter, James 780, 781 

Carter, James B 309 

Carter, Jennie 306 

Carter, Johanna S 351 

Carter, John W. 871 

Carter, Leslie _ _ 522 

Carter, Thomas Butler 395, 797, 829 

Carter, W. H 126 

Carter, Zina R 309, 320 

Gartner, D. Knight... . 419 

Cams, W. W 802 

Caruthers, Malcolm 402, 403, 404 

Carver, Benjamin F _ 166 

Carver, Victoria _ 249 

Gary, Anna Louise 633, 649 

Gary, Eugene.. 102, 407, 417, 462, 592, 

651, 869 

Case, Ann 252 

Case, Aurelia 721 

Case, C. H 101, 290,462, 466 

Case, Edward B 806 

Case, Elisha W. 329 

Case, Mrs. C. H 853 

Casel, C. H. ._ ... 609 

Casey, John 397 

Casey, Thomas S _ 416 

Cashman, D. A 539, 617, 619 

Cashman, Rev. Thomas Francis 586, 

588, 777 

Cass, Edward H 328 

"ass, George 681 

!ass, George Willis 270, 334 

:ass, W. H 672 

^asselberry, W. E 513 

Cassidy, John P. 673 

"assleman, Cornelia E 559 

'astello, Mary 427 

:aster, W. H] 395 

Castle, Alfred H.. 800 

"astle, C. W. 787 

:astle, Edward H. 837 

Caswell, Sidney 395 

"ater, Henry 94 

'ater, Lizzie 94 

Ratlin, Charles 184 

atlin, George 616 

atlin, W. W. 320 

'aton, Arthur J... 393, 649 

Caton , John Dean --395, 684 

"aton, William P 395 

Mattel!, D. M 544 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



Page 
Cauley. Thomas 

'< " 856 

_;naro, ]" 

.naro, G. - "*5 

iiagh. I'atrick. 4r 

i nigh, John 

Cavanangh, Nellie 7") 

l Vila, G - 

Chackslidd. George 397 

Chadwick, Edmund S 395 

Chadwick, Frances Xavicr 549 

Chadwick. lames K 619. ''22. 853 



Chadwick, I 1 - 
Chadwick. \V. 11. 



617 

302 



Chalice, C. W - ("7 

Chatter, Francis --- 72 

Chaffer, G. B - 435 

Chalender, George F. 210 

ners, George 89 

Chalmers, \V. J 290 

Chalterton, Cordelia 742 

Chamberlain, 1!. 1 

Chamberlain, Cordelia 1 - 

Chamberlain, E. W.. ---5'). 62 4 

Chamberlain. C,. M 522 

Chamberlain, Mrs. L. A 521 

Chamberlain, Rev. I.. F 4M. 4, 6 

Chamberlain, \V. W._ 617 

Chamberlin, Everett- 684, 6.17 

Chamberlin, G W. _ - 631 

Chamberlin, Rev. Jacob Sherrill - 395 

Chamberlin, Rhnel Hampton .. 214 

Chambers,! 1 , R. --- "22 

Chambers, Emma 39 

Chambers, George.. 7 

Chambers. 1. B - 751 

Champion, Hattie 49 2 

Chandler, B. B. --- 335 

Chandler, Charles W 101 

Chandler, Cornelius C 83 

Chandler, E. It.-- 1 20, 124, 125, 622 

Chandler, E. E - 393 

Chandler, F. K 449 

Chandler, ]. A - 2 

Chandler. James E._ 125 

Chandler, P. R. 44') 

ndter, William P I9 

Chandler. William W Goi, 602 

Chape, Clara V... '"'7 

pin, Amelia E. -- s '7 

/cr I 

Chapin, Ellen I! 3<>2 

Chapin, G. M. --- - 6 77 

Chapin. JohnP 840 

Chapin, Kate - 211 

Chapin, Marietta 4'4 

3 f >5 



Page 
'hcrbon, Marie ..................... 55 

herry. |ohn I ...... .... .......... --- '"'-' 

Chesb'rough, Ellis S. ---- 126. 431, 806, 

Cheseldine, Martha Frances . ..... 455 

Chetlain, Augustus 1.. 24.1. 

591, 592, 827, 865 

/hew. lohn H. ... ------ 

, Di-tilling Co. -- 

>rge and Holt Co .......... 53 

l-nundry Company -. 
o Horseman Newspaper Co. -- 
go Lumber Company --3 ( '~ 

and Minonk Coal and Coke 
Company ...... - ..... 

Chicago \ Pacific Elevator Company - 

igo Tie Company ..... - 3 2 9 

Chicago, Wilmington and Vermillion 

Company ----- ........ ----- 388 

Her, N. r.. .......... ----- - 328 

Uberl A. ...- ...... -- - 349 

Childs, Mrs. Eliza Woodburn Aiken ... 396 
Chllds, 11. S ......... -..- ........ 618 

Childs, Shubart 1>. ...... - ........... 834 

Childs, T. T ------- ............. --. 

Chisholm, lames _________ ......... 

Chisholm, Mrs. M. H ....... . ........ 4'9 

Chisholm, William _____ .......... 39- 

Chittenden, George R ............. 608, 620 

I, Martha ______ ................ 

Christensen, R ----- ............. ---- 855 

Christcnson, Maren Sophie ........... 483 

Christian, George. C ...... - ........... 539 

Christiansen, C. 1. . ................. 694 

Christiansen, C. t ............. ----- 

Christiansen, E. C ............ - ..... 



Christie, John 



; .in, Marsh 8 

Ch,,pin, Wheeler <\ ' --439. 55 s 

Chapman, Cass. 
Chapman, E. R 



74 
595 
Chapman. Mary ........ ............. 723 

Chapman, S. S ..................... - 622 

Chappel, Henrietta .................. 293 

Charbonncan, Adaline .............. - 480 

Chat i Lumber Company ... 368 

Cha- inF ---- ............... 9 8 

Chase llros ---- ...................... 621 

Cha ''o ........... - ..... --- 458 

M, Charles C ............ ... I4<>, 449 

I.. - .................. 46l 

< &Co ............. 580, 755 

('have. Henry I -------- ..... ...... 

Chase, I ). I 1 . ____________ .......... 755 

Chase, Rev. Dudley ....... - ........ 

,, Rev. George ...... 792 

mncl H 
Chatario, A. . ......... - ........... -- 422 

Outfield, E. r 

Chatter-on, A. F 

Cheilus, Eredrika ----- .......... --. 35" 

Cheney, Eucian 1'rciUiss 

'. 11. . .. ...126, 616 

Cheney, Rt. R< rd.-2go,- 

588, 780, 787 
Cheney, Rev. 1). H .................. 812 

Cheno'wcth, \\ . II ................... 59 



395 

'hristmann, G. A 544 

'hristoph, Henry Jacob. 445, 449 

.'hristoph, Rev. Giles _ 770 

Chumasero, Edward R - 5 S 4 

Church, Firman 86 

Church, F. 1 59 C 

Church, T. E -616, 623, 624 

Church, 'Mary- - 37 

Church, Mrs.' Rebecca Sherman (I'ruyne) 39 

Church, Mrs. Koxanna Pike 39 

'hurcll, Rev. I.e Roy.- 7" 

Church, Thomas - 836 

Church, William 1 397. 836, 37 

Churchill, Jesse 3'>5 

Clallin, Janies F 873 

Clagborn, James 1 422 

Clait, Henry 35 f) 

Clancy, Mark B. - 4"<> 

Clapp, Caleb 622, 749 

Clapp, William 1! - 672, 868 

(lark, Abby -- 633 

Clark, Albert B. 79 8 

Clark, Alson E. 45 

Clark, A. E 320 

Clark, C. II 647 

Clark, Caroline 1) 80 

. Charles M. 617 

Clark. Clara M. |8o 

Clark, David W. 182, 875 

Clark. David \V., Jr - 

Clark, Ellen Frances 676 

Clark, Eunice \1._ - - 587 

Clark, Fanny 1 731 

Clark, Francis 

Clark, Frederick .664 

Clark, George 320 

Clark. '- 347,625, 836 

---- 347 

Clark & Griffith 496 

Clark, Henry I! 836 

. Horace F 216 

Clark, H. T... - 539 

dark, Ichabod 816 

Clark, Mm - 489 

n) ,\ Son 489 

l 'lark, John M... ...102, 393, 598, 641), 

S65, 867, 869, 871 

Clark, i 433 

Clark, Kiltie Dexter 282 



Page 
lark, Mary B - Jf 

'lark, Mrs. E. B | ' * 

L'lark, Norman 

'lark, Ratten \ Co 

'lark, Robert 262. 4*9, 614 

'lark, R. S 6 3L f >32 

Clark, Stewart 

lark. S. C. - - -- - 321 

Mark, S. M 

'lark, Watson ('>' 

lark W. H... --633,647, (>4S 

Clark, W. . I - 48o 

'larke, Abraham Fuller 395 

'larke, Annie 238 

Clarke, Carrie 44 

Clarke, C. C --- 59 f ' 

Clarke, E. A 

Clarke, George C 404, 405. 462, 466, 

649, 650, 797, 873 

larke (George C.) >V Co 4 f 'i 

larke, Haswell C ( "9 

Clarke, Henry W. --395, 6' 

Clarke, James C - '94 

Clarke, "|. D - - $<)<> 

Clarke, John M. -- - 4<J4, 4"5 

Clarke, M. Louisa ... 

Clarke, Mrs. A. B 798 

Clarke, Mrs. U 4'9 

Clarke, R. M... --- 3', 632 

Clarke, Samuel Clarke - - - 395 

Clarke, Thomas C. 101, 102, 619, 870 ' 

Clarke, Virginia O 19 

Clarke, Ward Greene 522 

Clarke, William E 520, 527, 806 

Clarke, William H 126 

Clarke, William M mi 

Clarkson, John G . 673 

Clarkson, Joseph "4" 

Clarkson, Joseph? 857 

Clarkson, Robert 11. ...816, 817 

Clary, Stephen 331, 840 

Clary, William James - 541 

Claude, Samuel I - 792 

Clausen, Otto 495 

Claussenius, Custavus Adolphus 293 

Clay, Henry... 412, 4'3. 833 

Clayton, C. B. 672 

Cleary, Enright & Weadley - 573 

Cleary, lames M 573 

Cleary, P. M... - --- - 856 

Cleaver, Charles. 395 

('leghorn, John A.. 59! 

Clemens. Samuel E. ... -- 270 

Clemens, William - S66 

Clement, Bane \- Co 721 

Clement, 11. C 722 

Clement, Stephen _.. 395 

Clendenen, 1 - 543 

Clendenning, Rev. T. C. 791, 792 

Clettenberg, F. W. (117 

Cleveland, Edwin 492 

Cleveland. F. A. _.. 592 

Cleveland, Grover 872, 873 

Cleveland, II. W. S. ---167, 684 

Cleveland, ].. I) 104. 865 

Cleveland, M. I! 617.619 

Cleveland, Mrs. S. G 418 

Cleveland, Reuben 370, 616, 855, 857 

Cleveland, Rev. 1-'. I 1 791 

Cleveland, S. D 864 

Cleveland, S. V. IOI, 102, 629, 854 

Cliff, James 395 

Clifton, Frank 320 

Clingen, \V. C 869 

Clingen, W. J _ ... 109, 866, 874 

n, DeWitt _ 403 

Clinton, George O. 215 

Clinton, Mark J . 875 

Clirehugh, William P. .- 467 

Cloon, Sarah E 566 

Cloonan, Thomas 875 

Clough, John H 547, 875 

Clouse, Emeline 819 

dowry, James 131, 854, 867 

dowry, Jeremiah '. 101 

Clowry, R. C 505 



Sl'KCJAI, INDEX. 



Page 

Cluett, JohnC .--617, 619 

Clybourn, Mrs. Mary Galloway 396 

Coats. Henrv H 626 

Cobb, Albert W 407, 408 

Cobb, Ansel R 232 

Cobb, Henry Ives _ 73 

Cobb, Isabella C 358 

Cobb. James W 486 

Cobb, Jerome T. 290 

Cobb, Mrs. E. I' .__ _ 422 

Cobb, Mrs. George D . . 422 

Cobb, Silas B...I28, 165, 166, 394, 395, 409 

Cobb, Walter Franklin 312 

Cobb, \V. S __ 489 

Cobb, Zenas ._ 232 

Coburn, James __ 680 

Coburn, John . .... 231 

Coburn, Lewis L. 251,406,407,409, 416 

Coburn, Mary L 400 

Cochrane, J. C 69, 74, 296, 420 

Cochrane, Mamie 239 

Cochrane, Mary Lizzie 762 

Cochrin, J. Lewis 581 

Cody, Charles _ 727 

Coily. Hiram II 256, 281 

Coe, Albert L 449, 592, 807 

Cocy, David 101 

Coffin, C. C 498 

Coiiin, Devoe & Co. 425 

Cotlin, Frederick.... 397 

Coffin, Gorham B 425,619, 625 

Coffin, Mrs. Harriet Delia Dole (Rich- 
aids) 306 

Coffin, Mrs. Maria Rhines 396 

Coffin, Warren C _. 629 

Coffing, C. C. 835 

Cogan, Ann M _ 573 

Coghlan, Rev. John C 771 

Cohen, Charles 617 

Coignard, Alexander 401, 614 

Coka, Krv. William 773 

Colbert, Klias 428, 684, 696, 817 

Colbert, Moss E 429 

Colbnrn, Joseph Elliott -._. 526 

Colburn, I,. J 787 

Colby, Eben F 397 

Colby, Francis Theodore 285 

Colby, George E._ _. ._ 422 

Coldwell, Archibald 395 

Cole, Adelaide K _ 285 

Cole & Co _ 45y 

Cole, David 182 

Cole, Emory ..864,865 

Cole, H. P 533 

Cole, J. A 590 

Cole, Mrs. Jirali D 635 

Cole, Moses T 457 

Cole, Samuel 518 

Coleman, Joseph G 392, 393 

Coleman Lumber Company 386 

Coleman, Martin 573 

Coleman, Mrs. J. G 410, 

Coleman, Rupert 0.6, 97 

Coleman, Seymour 386 

Coleman, Thomas Daniel |io, 573 

Coles, Edward 412 

Coley, Melinda I! 318 

Colfax, Schuyler (I3 > 845 

Collier, Frank H 871 

Collier, Rev. Robert Laird (H, 0,0, 

416, 6<>S, dm), 124 

Collier, Samuel 416 

Collins, Denis 531 

Collins, Downing \- Co 722 

Collins, IlattieJ 420 

Collins, James A 626 

Collins, James H 834, 836, S}S 

Collins, John 800 

Collins, Joseph H _ 761 

Collins, Lorin C., Jr. 238, 853, 875 

Collins, I,. D. 631 

Collins & Newland 726 

Collins, \. G __ __ _ 816 

Collins, S. C _ 871 

Collins, William James.-, 706 

Collins, W. R 677 



Page 

Collins, William T 455, 705 

Collins, William W 216 

Collisson, H. M 787 

Collyer, Rev. Robert 57, 416, 518, 

684, 710, 711, 803. 804, 825, 832 

Colne, T __ 614 

Colnon, Jane 762 

Colorado Loan and Trust Co 457 

Colson, Mary K 308 

Columbian Iron Works - 480 

Colvin, Edwin 395 

Colvin, Harvey D 101, 118, 156, 602, 

845, 856, 859 

Colvin, John H 102, 868, 872 

Combs, G. W 622 

Comiskey, "J 126 

Commercial Mill & Lumber Company. _ 368 

Compson, II. B . 590 

Compton, Ellen M. (Brintnall) 119 

Comstock, Julia S 702 

Conant, R. W. 538 

Condee, L. D. _ ._ 875 

Condit, X. W. _ 626 

Condon , J. II ._ 847 

Condon, William H 416, 614, 875 

Cone, A. G. 632 

Cone, Catherine 120 

Cone, Cora 120 

Cone, Flora 120 

Cone, Mary ._ 221 

Congdon, C. B 320 

Conger, C. H. . .... 375 

Conger, J. N _ 375 

Conger, Moore 854 

Conger, William P. _ 407, 408 

Conkey, Walter B. 690 

Conklin, G. D _ 682 

Conklin, Jennie 83 

Conkling, Llewellyn \V._ ,. 681 

Conkling, Rev. Charles 829 

Conkling, Roscoe 263, 851, 868, 871 

Conley, Anna B 521 

Conley, Isabelle 351 

Conley, John W. 521 

Conley, Philip 361, 560 

Conlon, Peter 869 

Connecticut Pie Bakery 328 

Council, Charles J _ 379 

Connell, John 867 

Connelly, Jeremiah 243, 254 

Connelly, Michael 115 

Connor, Freeman 590 

Connor, Mrs. Clarissa Grannis 396 

Connor, William Henry 98 

Connors, James . 626 

Conover, Allan C 85 

Conrad, G. E. 325 

Conro, Starke & Co 130 

Considine, Dennis 875 

Considine, Michael ,_ 311 

Converse, C. H 376 

Converse, George I 872 

Conway, M. 866 

Conway, Michael W. .. _ 121 

Conway, R. T 127 

Conway, Very Rev. Patrick |oseph 765, 

769, 777 

Cook, Alexander 613 

Cook, Ansel B 89, 102, 844, 875 

Cook, Burton C 334, 542, 842, 871 

Cook County Abstract Co 460 

Cook, Daniel P 412 

Cook, Edward 61 6 

Cook (E.) & Co __ loo 

Cook, E. H 95 

Cook, F'rederick 684 

Cook, George T _ 377 

Cook, George W 591 

Cook, Ida May 151 

Cook, Isaac. 395 

Cook, James I) 619 

Cook, J. F 539 

Cook, J. P 626 

C<,k, John R 875 

Cook, Julia M 752 

Cook, Mrs. Amanda S. Newton 396 



Cook, Mrs. C. W .'. 520 

Cook, Mrs. George F 419 

Cook, Mrs. Thomas 396 

Cook, Nellie Blanford 707 

Cook, Orrin S 875 

Cook Rathborne. 377 

Cook, Thomas 397, 401 

Cooke, E. D 875 

Cooke, Jay & Co 435 

Cooke, H. C _ _ 590 

Cooke, Retta.- 202 

Cool, Daniel M -617, 619 

Coolbaugh, William F 69, 295, 296, 

390, 416, 4^3, 438, 478, 655, 846, 862 

Cooley, Clara 260 

Cooley, Mary E 78 

Cooley, William H 77 

Coonley, John C 407, 649 

Cooper, A. J _ 450, 451 

Cooper, Arthur N 495 

Cooper, George W. 453 

Cooper, John S 254, 592 

Cooper, Rev. William H 787 

Cooper, William & Co . 564 

Coosemans, Rev. Francis 770 

Copeland, A. G (iS, 800 

Copeland, Fanny 372 

Copeland, W. L 542 

Copp. A. J 739 

Corbin, Caroline F 684 

Corbin, Henry C 583 

Corbin. May & Co 348 

Corbinian, Rev. M -.- 770 

Corby, F. M 827 

Corcoran, John 618, 673, 856 

Corcoran, John Joseph 388 

Corcoran, John T._ _ 101 

Corcoran, Thomas 590 

Corcoran. W. W 57 

Corel! , Mary E _ 425 

Corey, A. L 618, 619 

Corgan, John F 592 

Corkery, Daniel M 871, 875 

Corlett, George 427 

Corlies, John 62 1 

Cormlish, Thomas _ 617 

Cornell, A. B 847 

Cornell, Anna __ 87 

Cornell, C. J. . 438 

Cornell, Jennie A 87 

Cornell, Lizzie E. 625 

Cornell, Paul _. 167, 171, 172 

Corning, Elizabeth Ann 654 

Corning, H. K 802 

Corrigan, William , 397 

Corse John M __ 592 

Corwith, Henry 593, 796 

Corwith, Nathan 438, 522 

Corydon, Charles B 418 

Cosio, Angel 582 

Cossitt, Mary E 254 

Cossman, Mathias 482 

Cothran, G. W. 290 

Cottier, Josie 517 

Cottle, Elizabeth R 720 

Cotton, Ella 452 

Couch, G. W 320 

Couch , James _ 395 

Couch, Lillian N 534 

Couch, Mrs. Caroline E 396 

Collision, William II.. 590, 591, 629 

Counselman. C. 320 

Coup, W. C 672 

Cours, Lucy L 269 

Courtney, Rev. F'rederick 522, 649, 781 

Courtney, Thomas E 403, 404, 868 

Courtney, William 635 

Cousins, Elizabeth 83 

Couzett, Conrad 694 

Covert, Abram II. _ 452 

Cowan, Margaret - 746 

Cowan, Olive A. 69 

Cowan, William-. 865 

Cowen, Zilpha M 164 

Cowles, Alfred_-393, 649,695, 696, 796, 827 
Cowles, Geraldine _._ 432 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



Page 
Cowles, J. T 498 

Cowles, Torris /, ...68a 

Cox, Henry Clay 151 

I.D. _ 54 

Cox, "Matilda - 94 

. lea, William 629, 630, 631, 632 

Cox, William D 134 

Edward I> 45') 

, Patrick 7<>2 

,, lames Robert 552 

Cozzens, N. R - 73 

(rafts, Clayton F. _ 875 

Crafts, Rev. \V. F 79 

r, Robert 492, 493 

Cragin, E. F 290,873 

Cragin, Rev. Charles C._ 809 

Cramlall, .Mrs. C. K 522 

Crandall, Schult/ ,\ Co 368 

Crandon, Frank P - - 853 

Crane Brothers _ -94, 493 

Crane Bros. Manufacturing Co 494 

Crane, Charles S 292 

Crane, Frank R - 292, 293 

Crane, Mrs. Simeon II 012 

Crane, Richard T...I52, 166, 290, 405, 

417, 439, 441, 609, 649, 650, 651, 

655, 806 

Crane, Simeon II -- 45- 592 

Crapo, Louisa M .- 173 

Crapser, A. 1' 374 

Craig, Marguerite II. _ 55 2 

, Rev'. Willis C. 522, 799, 802 

Craig, Robert - ( 'i'i 

Crary, C. \V. 4S, 489 

Crary, Hamilton 489 

( 'rary \ Ingersoll 489 

(rater, Sarah !'. 495 

Craven, Rev. William. 794 

Crawford, Allie Arnold - 684 

Crawford, Alexander King .- 533 

Crawford, Charles H._ 875 

Crawford, Frank J 

Crawford, C,. orge 68.J 

Crawford, Hiram -- -- l6-( 

Crawford. 11. M.-.. --- 539 

Crawford, Mrs. Harvey - 5 2 

Crawford, John A. -.617, 6:8, 619, 622, 625 

Crawley, ]". A. -455 

Cree, Jane K - - 245 

Cregier, DeWitt C. ..126, 431, 616, 617, 

618, 620, 862, 867, 869 

Cregier, E. T 121 

Cregier, Mrs. Libbie Lyke 528 

Orgn, U. R. f>20 

o, Myron S. 619 

Crepin, M - 6l.( 

Crerar, Adams \ Co 678 

Crerar, John. -.152, 404, 411, 441, 649, 

650, 797 
Creswold, Arthur J f>37 

ler, Rev. II 77 

Crewes, Charles 576 

..n, Sexton & Co. -- 4 f >5 

Crighton, Isabella 79 8 

:iton. John --- 799 

Crilly, Daniel Francis 80, 521 

., John D 80 

man, Ira 1! - 545 

Cristie, Eli/abeth._ 86 

hell, Roberts 4117,4(11 

Crittenden, I V... 320 

Crocker, And I.eland 739, 74< 

ker, Fannie - - 722 

ker, Hans 395 

ker, Josiah l>._- 395 

ker, Mary A 722 

Iter, Mrs. 1.. V 62 

Crorker, Oliver C 397 

Crocker, \V. II. 320, 626, 62 

i 8 

Croft. F. \V.._ 622 

tot. W. A.. 684 

( T.nnbic, Charles I! _ 38 

Cronin, 1'hilip 1'atrick Henry 53 

Crunk, F.. 1 -- '" 

Crook, John 



Page 

'rooks, Ellen M 682 

'rookshanks, ]. II 625 

isby, Albert 57&, 577, 860 

Crosby, Marie - 345 

rosby, Mary E 44= 

'rosby, Rev. Howard 290 

Crosby, U. II 577, 668 

Jrosby, W. S._ 320, 649, 650 

'rosby, Wareham W 3 8 7 

'ross.'c. 1 ---373, 374 

. Ellen Faith -- 4'"" 

'ross, J. G. 684 

Cross, Lucy G - 460 

Jross, Robert W._ 59 1 

.'rouse, J. N. - 542, 543 

Jrouse, William F ' 672 

Crow, Rev. W. S 826 

Crowhurst, Charles T 83 

rowley, Jeremiah 1 5'>9> 846 

^rowley, Nora G 544 

Jroxon, F. T. .... 618 

'ruikshank, Charles Eli 286 

Brumbaugh, E 69 

CrutchcT, Howard - 535 

.'ruUenden, ThomasS -- 720 

>uver, Adelia E - -.- -- 488 

Oliver, Austin 488, 673 

ruver, Austin John 488 

'ruver, |ohn 488 

ruver, J. II -- 866 

C udell & I.ehmann--- 74' 

Culbertson, Blair & Co 75 6 

Culbertson, Charles M 320, 334 

Cullen, Matthew 358 

Cullerton, Edward E .101, 102, 143, 

854, 866, 868, 870, 872, 875 
Cullom, Shelby M...I63. 621, 847, 853, 871 

Culloton, Thomas P - 97 

Culton, Mary - 621 

Culver, BeMen E., 182, 184, 214, 410, 

413, 420, 450, 609, 610 

Culver, Charles E 295, 296, 298, 

299, 320, 407 

Culver, Charles N._ - - 320 

Culver, George N _ 421, 423 

Culver, II. Z. .- 405, 418, 805 

Culver, John B 395 

Culver, Margaret VanSlycke 355 

Culver, Page, Hoyne & Co 450 

Culver, Washington 1 526, 617, 657 

Cuyler, R. W. S - 617 

Cuyler, W. H 321 

Cumins, Arcadia 530 

Cummings, Andrew 363 

Cummings, C. R --438, 649 

Cummings, Edmund A 448, 449 

Cummings, George W 706 

Cummings, John 11 357 

Cummings, Mrs. M. A 853 

Cummins. W. G. . .- 785 

Cuniffe, E. J 585 

Cunningham, James 76 

Cunningham iV Keepers 131 

Cunningham, Margaret <)<} 

Cunningham, Thomas Scott. .462, 466, 

ids, 782 

Cunningham, William II 762 

Cunningham (W. II.) & Co 469 

Curran, J. |._ 865 

Curran, Margaret 370 

a, William 866, 868 

Currer, William 489 

Curry, I. Seymour 425 

Currier, Alice G 537 

Currier, Charles E. 798 

Cuni'-r, C'. L. 418 

Currier, Charles S. 798 

Curlier, Thomas II 108 

Curry, W. Kate 547 

Curtis, Charles II, 89, 575, 676 

Curtis, Ellen P. . . . 262 



Curtis, |. S 

Curtis, Lester. 431, 512, 518, 524 

Curtis, Louis S 150 

Curtis, M. __ 659, 695 

Curtis, Rev. Edward I.. . 802 



Curtis, W. I).. --- 80 

Curtis, William F 699, 706 

Curtiss, Charles C 629 

Curtiss, Charles P 613 

Curtiss, James 836, 837, 840 

Curtiss, "Mrs. Mary 39 6 

Curtiss, Rev. Samuel Ives 806, 809 

Curtiss, Romaine J - 5'5 

Curts, Rev. I.. E 79 1 

dishing, George II 542. 543, 544 

dishing, Harriet 6i3 

Gushing, Nathaniel Sawyer 395 

Cushman, John Clark 600 

Cuthbert, Edward - &73 

Cutler, White & Boice 3 8 4 

Cutting, Helen H. 52 

Dabb, C. \V. 

Dacey, James 243, 870 

Daggett, Samuel J. 869 

Daggett, W. E 299 

Daggy, Julia A 521 

Dasgy, Peter 101, 521, 617, 619 

Dahinten, Carl 855 

Dahl, J .- - 694 

Daily. B. - 836 

Dake Bakery _. 325 

Dake & Woodman.. 222 

Dakin, R. 1 627 

Dakin, Thomas 462 

Dal, John W 514 

Dale," John T 254 

I >ale, Samuel Emmet 251 

Dale, William M. 547, 613, 614, 68l 

Daley, Ella 282 

Daley, John 836 

Dalrymple, A. 673 

Dalton, James P 521 

Dalton, John E. IO2, 267, 866, 868, 870 

Daly, James H. B 109 

Daly, Rev. P 769 

Dalziel, Davison ... 672 

Dalziel, \V. I) 672 

Damen, Rev. Arnold 764, 766, 771, 772 

Dandy, John Milton 677, 705, 707 

Danenhower, James I 590 

I lanenhower, W. W. ._ 840 

Danforth, Isaac N. .-508, 513, 518, 519, 526 

Danforth, Jerome D 460 

Danforth, Mary L 321 

Danforth, Willis 532, 535 

Daniels & Brown 96 

Daniels, C. W _. 867 

Daniels, John B 101, 383 

Daniels, Mary E. 333 

Daniels, Mary J 276 

Daniels, William _. ._ 872 

Daniels, William V 582 

Danton, Mary F 540 

Dare, Benjamin E 719 

Darger, Dora 308 

Darling, J. G <,-, 

Darling, J. M. _ 627 

Darlington, II. P 677 

Darmstadler, I'hillipena 579 

Darrow, Archibald 114 

Darrow, Julia N __ 82 

Dater, P. W._ _ 320, 331 

Dauphiny, R. J . 617 

Davenport, A. M... 521 

Da\enport, B. F 126 

Davenport, George 526 

Davenport, Mrs. M. A 422 

David, Elorestine 530 

David, Rev. Joseph S 794 

I lavidson, A 407 

Davidson, Frank S -706 

Davidson, Rev. E. A 704 

Davics, Rev. D. D 809 

Davis, Annie L _ 264 

Davis, Charles J 320 

Davis, Charles W. 378, 592 

Davis, David--234, 290, 834, 847, 853', 858 
Davis, Elva M. con 

Davis, E. P. 522 

M ' ViS ' r' ! !'Y, "-""."."."."."430" 528 

Davis, 1' rank B 586 






SPECIAL INDEX. 



Page 

Davis, Fred --- 293 

Davis, Fred J. ___ 672 

Davis, George B 621 

Davis. George M. 676 

Davis, George R 584, 702, 847, 852, 

853, 871, 873 

Davis(James) & Co 548 

Davis (John) & Co 94, 487 

Davis, [. De la Croix 626 

Davis, [ M 676 

Davis, K. B 542 

D.u-is, Lewis H 461,462,466, 532 

Davis, L. 1 542 

Davis, L. William 468 

Davis, Morse & Co.- _ 164 

Davis, Mrs. Eliza 396 

Davis, Mrs. Emma _ 396 

Davis, Myra Delia 396 

Davis, Nathan S 512, 524 

Davis, N. S., Jr 430, 524 

Davis, Noah __ 289 

Davis & Requa 461, 462 

Davis, Rev. Edwin R 796, 799, 804 

Davis, Rev. J. W -... 791 

Davis, Rev. S. M 793 

Davis, Sumner . 535 

Davis, William A 560 

Davis, W. E 584 

Davis, Wilson H. 539, 540, 541 

Davis, William J. 468,637, 670 

Davlin, John 397 

Davison, Mrs. John 419 

Dawes, Chester M. 103 

Dawson, I). M 430 

Dawson. J. W 430 

D.iwson, Martin 754 

Day, A. M 873 

Day, Ann S.._ _ 2IO 

Day, Charles W 483, 616 

Day, Clara Irene _ 288 

Day, F. R 535 

Day. Hannibal 395 

Day, Joseph Leverett . 727 

Day, Minnie E. 422 

Day, Miss V. E. . 422 

Day, T 816 

Dayton, Frederick 684 

De iiliek, Rev. J 771 

DC Dycker, Rev. John 769 

D'Hlpeux, A. Ravin 614 

DC Gilio, M 615 

De Golyer, K. G 619 

DC I iolyer, Watts 824 

DC (i root, Mrs. C. A 625 

De Jonge, Kate 647 

De Koven, John 184, 390, 392, 405, 

406, 408,439, 521, 526, 650, 782 

De Koven, Mrs. II. 1 782 

DC Koven, Rev. James 779, 781 

De Lano, Edward C, 146 

DC 1. any, F. C 875 

DC I. any, Martin A. 146, 875 

DC 1-ong, Amelia ._ 455 

DC l.uce, Eugene F 616, 624 

De Luce, Inez 625 

DC 1'elgrom Valentine ._ 525 

DC I'rosse, Angelo 639 

DC Roode, Ilolger 467 

DC Vry, II. [. .' .__. I84 

DcWald, lohn 616 

De Wakl, William _ 868 

De \Volf, Calvin 395, 521, 627 

De Wolf, Mrs. Calvin 521 

De Wolf, Oscar C._ 154, 290, 513, 864, 

867, 869 

DC Wolfe, Rev. C. H 815 

De Young, B. R 449, 450 

De Young (B. R.) & Co. 450 

Deal, Mary A. 625 

Dean, Eliza 222 

Dean, H. S 584 

Dean, Mabel _ 720 

Dean, M. S 543, 544 

Dean, Mrs. M. C _ 520 

Dean, Munson D _ 455 

Dean, Rev. A. II 804 



Page 

Dean. Thaddeus _ IO2, 365, 366, 867 

Dean (Thaddeus) & Co.. 368 

Deane Bros, & Lincoln. _ 348 

Deane, Cyrus W. 619 

Deane, Harry S 331 

Dearborn, Henry G. R - 397 

Decatur, Mrs. H. E 419 

Decevee, Mme. Alice 631, 632 

Decker, Henry 268 

Decker, Marcellus 618 

Decker, Myron A _ 262 

Deircks, Caroline 351 

Deist, Christiana 122 

Delafontaine, M 518 

Delamater, Mrs. Samuel. 4:9 

Delamater, Nicholas B 532, 535, 542 

Delaney, M. A 868 

Delaney, Rev. J. 769 

Delano, E. A _ 491 

Delano, F. C _ 150 

Delanty, Michael 395 

Dellenbaugh, Sarah D 341 

Delos, Sarah 611 

Deloynes, George 614 

Demarteau, Rev. Suitbert __ 770 

Dement, Isaac S __ 712, 713 

Dement, John. 816 

Dement, Merritt H 713 

Dement (M. H.) & Co. 712, 713 

Deming, R 359 

Demmler, Francis A 126 

Dempsey, Ellen 345 

Dempsey, Samuel H. _ 381 

Dempsey, Sarah A 399 

Dempster, Rev. John 844 

Denier, "Tony" 670 

Denison, Eudora E 369 

Denison, Franklin. 409 

Dennehy, Charles. 573, 856, 857 

Dennett, Charles R 697 

Dennett, Mrs. C. R.__ 419 

Dennis, Charles H 706 

Dennis, Emma A 309 

Dennis. J. L. 864 

I tennis, Mary J 691 

Dennis, Paul H. 196, 619 

Dennis, Rev. J. S. 826 

Denny, Patrick 836 

Denslow, Van Huren. 290, 684, 699, 701 

Densmore, E. W 320,442 

Dent \ lilack ___ 218 

Dent, Thomas 290, 291, 407, 522, 797 

Denton (D. Il.)Co 678 

Derby, Philander 735 

Derickson, R. P 141, 526, 585, 610, 

846, 857, 862, 875 

I leschauer, Joseph 544 

Deuker, P. J 836 

Devine, Arthur __ 485 

Dcvine & Bro 485 

Devine, M.A _ 143, 875 

Devine, Peter _ 485, 486 

DC vine's Steam Boiler Works 485 

Devine, William M --568, 874, 875 

Devlin, James 673 

Devoe, Martha J. ._. 89 

Dewald, M. J 869 

Dewes, Francis) 579 

Dewey, Charles Alfred 534 

Dewey, C. B _ 69 

Dewey, Dennis S 397 

Dewey, James R 808 

Dewey, -Mrs. Adeline S. Lincoln 396 

Dewey, Mrs. J. R. 419 

Dexter, Albert Augustus 395 

Dexter, Ransom __ _. 528 

Dexter, Wirt 365, 390, 542, 608, 609, 

649, 650, 655, 827 

Dezendorf, J. D. _ 787 

Dezenclorf, Mrs. J. I). 419 

Diamond, Henrietta.- 625 

Dibble, Charles A. 265, 591 

Dibblee, E. R 82 

Dibblee, Henry 82 

Dick, A. B.... 386 

Dick (A.-li.) Company.. 386 



Page 

Dickenson, George 1 395 

Dickenson, Thomas C _ 6n 

Dickerson, Emma R __ 710 

Dickerson, John 618, 619 

Dickerson, J. Spencer 710 

Dickey, Andrew T 390 

Dickey, Fanny DeKoven 782 

Dickey, Hugh Thompson 395 

Dickey, T. Lyle 276, 290, 842, 860 

Dickinson, Augustus _ 395 

Dickinson, Cora D 635 

Dickinson, D. H 617 

Dickinson, George 576 

Dickinson & Leach.. 571 

Dickinson, Leach & Co 565 

Dickinson, L. L. __ 617 

Dickinson, O. B 565 

Dickinson, O. P 405 

Dickinson,'!". G._ 449 

Dickinson, William.. _. 320, 807 

Dickinson, William B 101 

Dickinson (William) & Co 333 

Dickover, Rev. S 819 

Dickson, Alice C 512 

Dickson, T. S. E 711 

Didier, Etara 625 

Diebold Safe & Lock Co 497 

Dieden, John 163 

Diehl, Charles S 584, 585, 586 

Diener, T 865 

Dietzsch, Emil 240, 855, 869 

Diez, John L 80 

Dillhoff, Gertrude 742 

Dillingham, E. R 706 

Dillingham, John 611 

Dillon, Abbie 502 

Dillon, Elroy A 153 

Dillon, John _ 866 

Dimock, Mrs. Elizabeth F 148 

Dimock, Mrs. Mary Ann Stow 396 

Dinet, I 614 

Dinet, Joseph 397 

Dinet, Louise 509 

Dinsmore, J. W 602 

Ditman, Henry V 488 

Diversey, Michael 802 

Dix, John A _ 257 

Dixon, Arthur 101, 102, 846, 848, 

854, 865, 867, 869, 871 

Dixon, Charles G 852 

Dixon, C. G 866 

Dixon, Joseph 860 

Dixon, Joseph!!. 108, 158, 624, 865 

Dixon, Lavall B 68, 73, 6n, 620 

Doane, John Wesley .84, 90, 152, 

393, 404, 405, 439, 522, 649, 650, 757,' 853 

Doane, Mrs. J. W 520 

Doane, Rt. Rev. W. C 780 

Dobbins, Annette S 520 

Dobbins, Thomas S 436 

Dobson, W. H. 869 

Dodge, Agnes A 74 

Dodge, George E. P 729 

Dodge, Harriet 697 

Dodge, Mrs. P. G - 419 

Dodge, P. G 377 

Dodge, Usel S 395 

Dodson, Christian Bowman 395 

Dodson, Henry . 397 

Doern, Ophelia S ._ 576 

Doerner, Charles F. L 102, 867, 

869, 870, 871 

Doggett, Samuel J 867, 870 

Doggett, William F. 439, 608, 827 

Doherty, J. T. 158 

Dohn, A. W 629, 630 

Dold, Anthony 525 

Dole, James II., 334, 420. 421, 422, 439, 657 

Dolese, John _ 187, 188 

Doll, Mary A 485 

Dolweck, Rev. Bernardine 770 

Donahue, Florence 115 

Donahue, Francis X. 601 

Donahue & Henneberry 690 

Donegan, James 254 

Donley , Bessie 509 



Sl'KCIAI. 1NDKX. 



Page 

Donlin, Mary A 667 

Donnan, \V. G _ 871 

Donnell, E. I' 691 

Donnelly, J. P 158 

Donnelly, Neil 843 

I lonohtie, James 590 

Donovan, Henry K.. __ 5 = 

I >i >m> van, Sarali 122 

Doolittle, C. C 6iS, 619, 022 

Doolittle, James R. 264, 272, 277. 

279, 402, Si(>, Si 7, 847 

Donlittlt, James R., |r. __ 146, 869 

Dorchester, Helen 425 

Dore, John C. TJO, 2i)(), I'H'. *)(>, 875 

I loria, Clara 630, 63 i 

Dorlaiul, Walter.. 518 

Donnan, Mrs. R. M 83 

Donnan, William.. 875 

Dorr, George J. 612, 808 

Dorset, Rev. Charles 1' jSo, 7,^3, 785 

Dorwiii, Mrs. Arilla B .. 396 

Doi in, Thomas 196 

Dos'.al, Joseph 732 

Doty, Duane 146 

Doty, Melinda 260 

. Theodorus 397 

I >ougal, Thomas 351 

Dougall, Naomi 339 

iierty, William E 700 

Doughty, AiUlison 676 

Douglas, Edwin S. 672 

Douglas, John 569 

las, J. M 335 

Douglas, Stephen A 89, 258, MS, 

816, 817, 833, 834, 841 

Douglass, Mrs. E. J._ 41,) 

Douglass, W. A 522 

man, T. C 395 

I lovtnmuehle, H. C. 731 

Dovenmuehle, H. F. C 731 

1 low, Asa 310, 320, 40 

Dow, p'rancis.. 24* 

I low, Mrs. John H 519, 520 

Dow, Samuel K 261, 875 

Dow, \\iliiam C 825 

Howling, Rev. D. M. J 766 

I 'owner it litmis Brewing Co 576, 577 

Downer & Co 223 

1 lowner, Caroline ._ 481 

Downey, Joseph 89, 92 

1 lowney, Thomas 92 

Downs, Charles S -<>77, 679 

Downs. William Smith _ 727 

Do.vs, David _ 438 

Doyle, Austin J 108, in, 240, 614, 

856, 857, 868, -IM, 871 

Doyle, John E 588 

Doyle, J. Edward 79 

Doyle, Mary _ 79 

Doyle, Simon 397 

Drake, Chester T 618 

Drake, Frank 309, 331 

Drake, Ida F 173 

Drake, John Ii 334, 354, 405, 441, 

522, 597, 6=0, 71,!), S27, 860 

Drake, Mrs. G. li 419 

DrandorfT, Charles 458 

Drant, N. li 584 

i, Emil _ 182 

Drew, Charles \V. ..102, 392, 393, 462, 

466, 592, 871 

I )rrw, Edward \V 829 

Drew, H. H. _ .571, 

Drew, \V. C. ; 4 i,i 

Brothers 171 

Driver, Edward S. 444. 449, 593 

Dreyer (1 . S.) \ Co 444 

Driesslein, Charles I, 71-, 

Driscoll, M. A 871 

I 'river, George 243 

I irucry, I .ew II . . 1 84 

Drum, Riehard C _ 583 

Drummond, Josiah H _ 621 

Drnmmond, Thomas 150,234, 2di, 

395, 4'), :l 

Drummond, \VillisJr. - .. 452 



Drtiry, Benjamin C _ 

Drury, Edwin 

Drury, Helen Kate _. 

Drury, J. H 

Drtn v, Lewis H. . . . _ 

Drury, \V. G. ... 

Dryden (E. W.i & Co 

Dryer. II. \Y 

1 lubois, Lincoln 

Dubuis, O. F _ 

Ducat, Arthur C. ...461, 4(12, 4(1! 

592, 
Duck. C. H _ _ 

Duck, Mrs. Charles Hill ._ 

Dudley, B. F 

Dudley, E. C 512, 

Dudley, II. \V 

Dudley, 1 

Dudley, L. Edwin 

Dudley, Rev. J. F 

I hiell, Alice A 

Dueusing, Charles H. 

Dufer, Abel II. 

Duff, lane __ 

Id, Charles 

Duffield, Mary _ 

Id, Rev.' S. li _ 

Duffield, Rev. Samuel \V. 

Duffy, Catharine . 

Duffy, Charles 

Dutfy, Joseph _ 

Duffy, Patrick 

Dugan, John F 

Duggan, Rt. Rev. James __ 

Duguid, James _. 

id, Mary E.. 

1 1 ii n bar, i .corge \V 

I ) unbar, Jennie 

I luncan, James 

Duncan, J. M.__ __ 

Duncan, Robert ... 

I liiucan, Sherman & Co. _ 

Duncan, Thomas C _. 431, 

Dunham, John H 237, 

Dunham, J. S _ 

Dunham, l.ix/ie II. .. 

Dunham, Ransom \\ ., 83, 301, 320, 853, 
Dunham Towing and Wrecking Com- 
pany 

Dunklee, William A ! 

I luulap, Alexander 

Dunlap, G. ._ 

Dunlap, George I... 164, 407, 411, 

612, 649, 650, 860, 

Dunlap (George L.) & Co 

Dunlap, James.. . 

Dunlap, Joseph R ..620, 700, 

Dunlap, Mrs. Kmeline 

Dunlap, Mrs. George L. is2, 

Dim levy, John C _ 

Dunn, J. A. 

Dunn, John 

Dunn, Mary Jane Frances.. 

Dunn, Michael 

Dunn, P 

Dunn, T. W ^ 

Dunn, Viola 

Dunn, W. P.. ".'_'."_ 

Dunne, Michael J 146, 416, 614, 

Sd6, 869, 

Dunne, Rev. Edward J 768, 775, 

Dunne, Very Rev. Dennis 

Dunne, \V. P 586, 

Dunphy, John M 7(5, 102] 

Dunphy, Martin '_ 

I lunton, Frank H 

Dunton, Mrs. E. M ]~" 

Dunton, Thomas E _. 

Dupee it Judah 

Du Pont de Nemours (E. ].) & 

Dupper, Margaret 

Dupper, Sabine I 

Dupuy, Leon 

Durand, El licit . 

Din-ami, II. C. . 

Durand (II. C.) ,\ Co 



Page 

395 

.)(><> 

723 
422 

59' 
677 

745 
625 

875 
182 

865 
397 
396 
626 

524 
829 
610 

2C)C) 
824 
740 
6I 5 
626 

493 
566 
720 
780 
800 
727 
673 

836 
875 
-66 
798 
798 
487 

745 
68 1 
58l 
68 1 

57 
612 

875 
294 

237 
873 

294 

47 
726 

875 

861 

333 
816 

705 
396 
782 
827 
542 
613 
342 
837 
871 
386 

735 
118 

875 
776 
766 
866 
869 

79 
682 
682 

345 
172 
761 
H3 

"3 

614 

584 
439 
34S 



Page 

Duranl, lames T 395 

Durfee, Bradford K 852 

Durgin, John C 290 

Durham, W. J 598 

Durhan, Lucy -. 422 

Duval, Harry 680 

Duvcrnay, Louisa M._ 372 

Dunce, R. 596 

Dutch, J. B 320 

Duteher, George N 493 

Dutton, Silas 360 

Dwight, A. F 366 

Dwighl it Gillette _ 306 

Dwight, John H 306, 320,429, 438 

Dwyer, Emma _ 277 

Dwyer, James B 582 

Dwyer it Miles. 66S 

Dyas, Mrs. W. G 518, 519, 520 

Dyas, W. Godfrey 518, 520, 525, 527 

Dyche, D. R '. ". 547 

Dyer <.t Chapin 698 

Dyer, Clarence H _. 387, 592 

Dyer, C. V. 834 

Dyer, Edwirl 480 

I Iyer, George R. , 395 

Dyer, Lamb & Co. 480 

Dyer, Mrs. Elizabeth Sebor DeKoven 

(Hubbard) 396 

Dyer, Thomas 128,840 

Dyke, Ora L 197 

Dysart, J. W 608 

Dzievvior, Paulina . 564 

Eagan, J. J 861 

Eager, George 120 

Eagle. Helen Gertrude 268 

Eagle, Joseph .. 585 

Eames, H. F. __ _ 649 

Eames, Melville C. _ 626, 627 

Eames, Mrs. Fred. _ 424 

Earle, Charles Warrington 515,516, 

518, 519, 526, 527 

Earle, John Estcourt 294 

Earle, Lawrence C 422 

Earley, George W. .. 626 

Earnshaw, Emanuel 70, 84 

Earnshaw & Gobel 134 

Easter, John D.. 875 

F.astman, Francis A 554, 556, 558, 

564, 691, 844, 875 

Eastman, Sidney C 407 

Eastman, Zebina 397, 412. 833 

Easton, Alonzo 625 

Easton. Charles L 255, 875 

Eaton, Alonzo __ 321 

Eaton Brothers _ 507 

Eaton, Charles _ 507 

Eaton, Daniel _ 507 

Eaton, Emma Elizabeth 507 

Eaton & Prince 491 

Eaton, Thomas \V 491 

Eaton (Thomas \V.) <t Co 401 

Eaton. William D... 669, 672, 684, 702, 706 

Eaton, W. R 422 

Eberhardt, Max. 523,855, 857 

Eberhart, John F .".' 147 

Ebersold, Frederick.. 110,615, S 7' 

Ebert, Albert E 169' ,47 

Ebert, Katie .' 549 

Ebertshaeuser, Henry __ 86 

Ebertshaeuser, Jacob 86 

Eckhardt, Nicholas 101, 163 

Eckhardt, Rose 78 

Eckhart, Ii. A 788 

F.dbrooke, George H. 514 

Eden, John R.. _ 46 

Eddy, A , 2 o 

Eddy, A., Jr. " 320 

Eddy, Albert M 479,480 

Eddy, Ansel D 802 804 

Eddy, Augustus N. 392, 393, 847 

Eddy, C.larence ,649, 796 

Eddy, Devotion C. 30,0 

Eddy, George D '." "_" '""_ * 

Eddy, II... _ 8 _ 

Eddy, H. Clarence... 636 

Eddy, Ira B. ... " f 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



Page 

Eddy, Mrs. Cynthia E. King 396 

Eddy, Mrs. J. I --- 419 

Eddy, Mrs. T. M - 418 

Eddy, Philander 397 

Eddy, Rev. Alfred 799 

Eddy, Kev. A. 1) _ 815 

Eddy, Rev. T. M 709 

Eddy, Robert M 479 

Edgell, Stephen M 397 

Edgeriy Annie. ._ 309 

Edgertoii, Annie E 261 

Edmonds, William 98 

Edmunds, George F 871 

Edsall, Emma . 698 

Edsall, lames K. ...290, 291, 847,848, 858 

Edsall, Mrs. J. K. 522, 613 

Edson, Josiah 785 

Edson, Julia O 338 

Edwards, Arthur .. 592 

Edwards, Ebenezer 312 

Edwards, E. N 622 

Edwards, Francis Myers 395 

Edwards, George D _ 745 

I'M wards & Guhl 312 

Edwards, Henry K 745 

Edwards, Henry J 745 

Edwards (Henry )L)&Sons__ 745 

Edwards, I ames Augustus 315 

Edwards,]. T. '. 816 

Edwards, Mary S. .... 274 

Edwards, Xinian _ 412 

Edwards, Rev. Thomas _ 766 

Edwards, Thomas C.. (07, 592 

Eells, Thomas S. 1 395 

Egan iV Hill 74 

Egan, James 89 

Egan, James J._ 79, 104 

Egan, Marion E. - 548 

Egan, Mary -- 122 

Egan, Mrs. William !',.__ 396 

Egan, Rev. 1'. A. L 767 

Egan, Wiley M.-Ss, 90, 320, 405, 625, 

657,846, 875 

Eggleston, Charles K 314 

Ehman, Charles 739 

Ehrhardt, Charles 875 

Ehricli, Fannie. 719 

Eichelstein, Bettie 830 

Eichheim, M. 638 

Eilenberger, Herman _. 81 

Einstein, Jennie 264 

Eisen-Bockius, F. B _ 515 

Eisendrath, Adelaide 274 

Eisendrath, B. 855 

Eisfeldl, William 869 

Eisfeldt, William, Jr 103, 871 

Eiszner, John __ 102 

Eklund, Rev. Henry Werner 794 

Ela, Mrs. John 4111 

Eldred, |i; |[. _ _ 5g7 

Eldredge, George C 320 

Eldredge, John Woodworth 397 

Elfring, Bernhardine ._ 724 

Elisoii, John A. 352 

Elkins, Henry Arthur 419 

Ellefsen, J . F _ . . 694 

Ellers. ( '.. Howard ... . 126 

Ellert, Peter J 874 

Ellick, Christina __ 686 

Ellingwood, Finley 539 

Elliott, Eliza .'._ 314 

Elliott, E. M 44 ,j 

Elliott, |essie 598 

Elliott, Mrs. A. N.. 633 

Elliott, Rev. Charles 802 

Elliott, William II. 617 

Elliott, William S., Jr. 285, 631, 632 

Ellis, Almon D __ 730 

Ellis, Faulkner 360 

Ellis & Fergus 833 

Ellis, Joel 30,5 

Ellis, |nlia _ 275 

Ellis, j. Ward 026, 627, 865 

Ellis, I.ettie M. 527 

Ellis, Rev. Frank M. 812 

Ellis, Kev. John 794 



Page 

Ellis, Rev. Sumner 826 

Ellis, Samuel 115 

Ellis, Samuel A 108 

Ellithorpe Air-Brake < 'o 498, 499 

Ellithorpe, A. B 498, 499 

Ellithorpe, Albert C. . . 198, 499 

Ellilhorpe, ('line & Bradley 499 

Ellithorpe, F. T... 498 

Ellsworth, J. W. 233 

Ellsworth, Lewis 267 

Ellsworth, Louis 397 

Ellsworth, Mary Catherine 531 

Ellsworth, Milton S 268 

Ellwood, Isaac L. 263 

Elmendorf, Frederick F. . 289, 868 

Elmes, Carlton 1) 480 

Elmes, Charles F. 480 

Elmes & Son 480 

Elphicke, Charles W 470 

Elred, D. W 449 

Elston, Mrs. Daniel 396 

Elstrom, Rev. K. H 794 

Elstun, Louisa . ... 699 

Elton, Zaida M._ 625 

Elvig, Albert J. . 260 

Elwood, James G 625 

Ely, Charles F 535, 538 

Ely, D. J 429 

Ely, Laura Elizabeth 802 

Ely, Rev. Ben. Ezra S 799, 802, 804 

Embler, A. J 94 

Emerentienne, Sister 773 

Emerich, J. T 582 

Emerson, Louise 490 

Emerson (O. P.)&Co... 501 

Emery, Felix J 496 

Emery, Joshua _ 798 

Emery \" Me Farland 496 

Emery, 1". A. 150 

Emery, Sarah A 480 

Emmett, William 676 

F.mmons, Francis A. 113, 163 

Emrich, Rev. Frederick Ernest 809 

Ender, John C 865 

Enderlin, Katie 553 

Enderly, Louisa 783 

Engberg, J. J _. 694 

Engel, Edward.. 341, 614 

Engel, Samuel _ 865 

Engelbrecht, Rev. H _ . 820 

Engelhardt, George A 485 

Engert, Rosa Henrietta 521 

Engle, Augustus 341 

English, G. 522 

English, William J 146, 261, 860, 865 

Ennis, Alfred. 231 

Ennis, Lawrence M 284, 402 

Enright, James 122 

Enright, John W 868 

Enright, Kelly & Coleman.. 573 

Ensign, II. !,.__ 710 

Ensworth, Mrs. H. B 419 

Ensworth, Rev. H. B 783 

Entwistle, Joseph 573 

Entwistle & Lomax.. 573 

Epler, E _ 160 

Elbe, Arthur.. 590, 855 

Erdman, Rev. J 824 

Erdman, Rev. W. J 808 

Erickson, Charles 694 

Erickson, Helen M. 267 

Erlandes, John __ 523 

Ernst Brothers' Brewing Company .. . 577 

Ernst, Charles Emil 577 

Ernst, Leo 577 

F.rskine, I). M., Jr 441) 

Erskine, F. P 303 

Ertz, George 495 

Escher, Rev. George 819 

Eschke, Oscar.. ._ 422 

Esher, Edward B. 558 

Essing, Rev. Joseph 769, 770 

Essner, Matthias E. ._ __ 868 

Estabrooks, ( iertrude 422 

Estes, Elijah Stone __ _. 395 

Estey & Camp 653 



Page 

Estey, Flora 508 

Estey, Florence 70 

Estey, H. W 70 

Etheridge, James H 508, 522, 528 

Eunson, Alexander 801 

Eustace, John V 858 

Eustace, Mary J _ 481 

Evald, Rev. Carl A. 523, 821 

Evans, Annie 221 

Evans, Clinton B __ 696 

Evans, D. L 617, 619 

Evans, George 413 

Evans, Hugh Davey 780 

Evans, II. J. - 328 

Evans, Kate - 349 

Evans, Michael 856 

Evans, Rev. W. A - 791 

Evans, W. N 166 

Evarts, William M _. 263 

Everest, Rev. Charles Hall 808 

Everett, Edward 534 

Everett, Francis Denison 729 

Everett, John C 245 

Everett, John S . 837 

Everett, Joseph D 102, 865, 867 

Everett, William S 244 

Everhart, George 860 

Everts, Rev. W. W 684, 817 

Ewing, A. T 404 

Ewing, William C. 804 

Fair, Minnie Alice Si 

Fair, M. Q 617 

Fairchild, Lucius 290 

Fairfield, John M 68 1 

Fairbank, Nathaniel K...I52, 290. 299, 
300, 320, 390, 301, 392, 404, 405, 
421, 521, 522, 606, 608, 621, 649, 

650, 655, 827 

Fairbank (X. K.) & Co ". 99 

Fairbank, Mrs. N. K. 521, 522 

Fairbanks, John 685, 788, 875 

Fairbanks & Palmer 685 

Fairley, Rev. J. W 787 

Fake, Josephine E. 783 

Falk, Franz Brewing Company 580 

Falk, Louis 629, 635 

Falk, L. W 580 

Fallows, Rt. Rev. Samuel 405, 535, 

591, 787, 788, 829 

Falter, Peter 86 

Falter, Philip 86 

Fanning, J. D 359 

Fargo, Charles _ 600 

Fargo, James C. 600 

Faris, Rev. J. M 804 

Farling, Samuel D._ 404 

Farnon, J. W. 449 

Farnsworth, John F 842, 843, 844, 

846, 852 

Farnum, George A 328 

Farnum, Henry 429 

Farnum, W. W 429 

Farqnhar, John M _. 693 

Farr, Marvin A .. 405 

Farrar, Ada J 625 

Farrar, Henry W 592, 703 

Farrar, John 619 

Farrell, M. P -- 573 

Farrell, Mary Ramsey 763 

Farson, Robert B. .."... 384, 385, 832 

Farwell, Charles B. ..249, 295, 390, 411, 

438, 562, 657, 846, 858, 874 

Farwell, George E. _ - 808 

Farwell, Granger 373, 584 

Farwell, John A 142, 143, 865 

Farwell, John V. .61, 83, 290, 418, 542, 

607, 608, 842, 862 

Farwell, John V., Jr 233, 418 

Farwell (J. V.) & Co. _ .60,448, 716 

Farwell, Marcus A 761, 865 

Farwell, Mrs. J. A -.631, 632, 633 

Farwell, \\ . W 238, 259 

Fassett, A. C 848 

Fatzinger, Mattie K 206 

Faulkner, William ... .681 

Faust, John. 672 



10 



Sl'KCIAI. iXDI'.X. 



Page 

Fawcett, Jessie L 

Celt, Re\. William 7- 

Faxon, K. (',. 1 99 

Faxon, Nat _ QC 

Kay, Amy 633, 636 

Fay, C. N. 290,41 

la), I. Edwards .- 800,804 

KayO. A.) & Ct 49 

lames W.. 720 

Fay, Mr-,. I-al.rlle Kiel Kingston . ... ;<)< 

Kav, Rose 42 

Feder, K. \. _ 616 

Feehan, Must Ki-v. Patrick Augustine 

763, 7/6 
Feeny, Annie 96 

Fclch, James 847 

Fcldekamp, lohn 617 

Feldkamp, R. C 

Fell, Annie 456 

Fellows. Charles S. _ _ 318, 430, 431 

Fellows, Edgar A 284 

Fellows, E. J 875 

Fellows, II. 'I!. ... .,532,533,608 

Felsenthal, Gross & Miller 443 

nthal, Herman 443, 615 

nthal iV Ko/minski__ 443 

Felsenthal, Rev. H 831 

Feltes, John 865 

Felton, Charles Kmory 116, 117, 

Fellon, Rev. C. E 789 

Fellhausen, Jacob D 856 

Fenderson, F'. F,.._ 584 

Kenger, C 513, 523 

Fenn, C. F _ _ 528 

Fenner, Irwin R . 553 

Feiinimore, Fmma li 422 

F'ennimore. Fannie 374 

F'ennimore, lane A... 305 

Feiinimore, Richard, 395 

F'ennimore, William 617 

Fenton, William L 837 

Fergus, Robert 395 

Ferguson, Andrew 397 

Ferguson (15. L.) & Co 720 

Ferguson, John 249 

Ferguson, Robert 673 

Ferguson & Winston 621 

F'ernandez, Annie 582 

Fernandez, E. M. 8 542 

Fernandez, Francisco 582 

Ferns, John I'orter _ 625 

F'errier, Thomas E 875 

Ferris, Frank 221 

Ferry (A. DJfcCo 345 

Ferry. James II. _ 375 

Ferry, Mary -- 749 

Ferry, \ . II. 384 

Ferry iv Sons ._ _ 305 

Ferry. Thomas W __ 384 

. William M. 384 

Ferson, liarl li 153 

mien, C. N ._ 

Fickett, Franklin II. N> 

Field, Benjamin M. 717 

Henedict & Co.... 716, 717 

Field, Cyrus W 304 

I >aviil Dudley . ._ 

Field, K. I.. 422 

. Edward M. - -304 

'lie 701 

320, 331 

i. on, 651, 657 

Field, John's. 338 

Field, I. aura __ 82 

Field A I.eiter 59, <>i, .(47. 4(8, 607 

Field, I .tiler <v Co. _ 90, 121,678, 679 

F'ield, Marshall.- 72, 79, 152, 104, 2911, 
326, 392, 404, 411, 421, 43-1. ' 
i'1'i. ' 

Field (Marshall) & Co. 65, 598. 678 

, Mrs. Marshall _ 71)11 

Field, Oscar - 

Field, Palmer <.V I.eiter.. 716 

.louse, I htteher & Belden 493 

ph. 493 

Fields, Henry D 590 



Page 
Filer, Alanson 395 

Filkins, Mrs. Joseph 396 

Finch, E. !!..'_ __ 545 

Finch, Mary Tomlinsoii 302 

Fincrty, John F 707,853,873, 874 

Finley, Mary | 782 

Finley. Rev" R. S. _ 793 

Finney, Mrs. \\alter_._ 419 

F'isch, Simon 617 

Fischer, Edward J. . - 549 

Fischer, Fred 380 

Fischer, Kate 739 

Fischer. Rev. P 768 

Fish, Alexander J 330 

Fish, Benjamin 31)5 

Fish, Carrie J 313 

Fish, Clara A 253 

Fish, Hamilton 88 

Fish, James 397 

Fish, Simon 871 

Fisher, Albert J 320,680, 708 

F'isher, Augustus F. 384 

Fisher, li. (.; 310 

Fisher Brothers 461 

Fisher, Emmett C. .. 401,402, 404 

Fisher, F 867 

F'isher, Henry | 287, 627 

F'isher, J. A.L.". 823 

Fisher, J. K. 320 

F'isher, 1 .ticitis ( leorge 395 

Fisher, Lucius G., Jr 500, 755 

Fisher, Rev. James A 787 

Fisher, W. E 619 

Fishleigh, John 345 

F'isk, Clinton B 281 

Fisk, D. B... 657, 725 

FisMD. B.) & Co 122 

Fisk & Hall 57 

F'isk, Jennie A 519 

Fisk, Rev. F. W. 520 

Fitch, M. J 808 

Fitch, T. D 518, 616, 626 

Fitch, Timothy 1 672 

Fitch, William H 526 

Fithian, W. W _ 626 

Fitzgerald, Emily 90 

Fitzgerald, Maggie _ 115 

Fitzgerald, William _ 101 

Fitzgibbon, John 854 

Fit/hugh, C. M. 617 

Fitzpatrick, John 121, 125 

Fitzsimmons, Charlotte 337 

Fitzsimmons, James _ 836 

Fit/ Simons, Charles 379, 586 

F'itz Simons iV Connell 379 

Fitz Simons, Mrs. Charles _. 520 

Fleming, J. E 627 

Fleming, John McLean 511 

F'lemming, John 271 

Flaherty, Rev. James J 767 

Flaherty. Rev. Joseph 775 

Flanagan, Patrick 427 

Inlanders. E. J _. 72 

I Ian, Ins, John I _. 72 

Flanders, Rev. (1. T _ 826 

, F'.rnst 627 

Flencr, Mrs. J. M 424 

Flesh, Simon 722 

Fletcher, Abraham 86 

her, Cecil 87 

Fletcher & Clark 458 

Fletcher, Isaac 86 

Fletcher, Japhet 86 

Fletcher, John 848 

1. Mrs. B. F 419 

Flcetwo,..,!, Rev. B. F._ ... 782 

Fleetwood, Stanley II _ 782 

Flinn, John J ___ 705 

'linn \- I'hrich 368 

'linn, William W 480 

lint, Edward E _ 302 

"lint, Francis 673 

'lint, Udell & Co _."" 333 

390,439", 854 

Hood, J. k 5qo 

Flood, ivtcr F ,,,, 



Page 

Floto, William - 855, 867 

Flournoy, Mrs. M. A. .-- --- 625 

Flournoy, R. T - 621 

Flower, George 4 12 

Flower, James M - - 269 

Flower, "Mrs. James 419 

Floyd. Charles 3*5. 32 

Floyd, James B 4 (>I 

Floyd, John R... 591, 60 1 

Flynn, leremiah.. ..866, 869 

Flynn, John 7i 

Foerster, Charles K __ 619 

Foerster, Charles F 182 

F'ogarty, William - 126, 410 

Fogg &Son - 97 

Foley, Rt. Rev. Thomas 764, 765, 

766, 768, 779 

Foley, John H ..869, 870 

Folcy, Rev. Michael 766 

Foley, Thomas IOI 

Foley, T. J - 672 

Follansbee, Charles 395, 840 

Follansbee, Frank II -869, 871 

Follon, Catherine _ 311 

Folsom, Charles A 274 

Foltz, Fritz 629, 630, 631, 632 

Folz, John C 865 

Fontaine, Bertha J 453 

Foote, D. H 501 

. DavidP _ 395 

Foote, D. S 632 

Foote, Erastus - _ 797 

Foote, Peter 869 

Foraker, T. B. . 



Forbes, Aurelia A 

Forbes, Daniel 

Forbes, Harry . 

Forbes. Mrs. Elvira Bates 
Force, D. W... 



Ford, B. M __ 320, 

Ford (David M) & Co. .. 

Ford, II. C. 

Ford (J. S.), Johnson & Co 

Ford, Lydia J. _ _ 

Ford, W. H 

Fordham, O. C 

Foreman, Belle 

Foreman Brothers . 

Forhan, Rev. M 

Forman, Edward )oi, 

F'orrest Bros. & Co 

Forrest, Joseph K. C 101, 701, 

Forrest, Mrs. T. L 

Forrest, Philip R _. 

Forrest, William. __ 

F'orrest, William S 245, 

Forrester, Rev. J. E 

Forrester, R. H 521, 

F'orshell, Henrica 

Forstall, Theodore 

F'orster, |. W. 

F'orster, Marcus P. 

Forstman, Rev. Symphorian 

Forsyth, Andrew '. __ 

Forsyth, James W. . -583, 

Forsyth, Rev. Walter _...' 

Forsyth. William K 617, 618, 619, 

Forsythe, John 3^ 

Forwood, William H 

Foss, John P (,26 

Foss, M. II _._.. 

Foss, Robert II ---365, 836, 

Foss, Sylvester D 102, 320 331' 

Foster, A. II [_._.' 

Foster^ Edith I " 

Foster, Edward __ 

Foster, Emma 

Foster, Frances S 

Foster, Harriet A 

F'oster, Henry A. 

Foster, H. II 

Foster, J. F ....'... 

'oster, Jacob Thomas 

? oster, John W 

poster, Marcella - '""'" 

H 'oster, Miss M. F',. .. 



871 
401 
612 
618 
396 
673 
564 
482 
420 

735 
482 
867 

695 
7:8 
720 
766 
404 
558 
856 
522 
558 
68 1 

255 
826 
866 

53S 
128 
430 
720 
768 

257 

592 

804 

622 

429 

583 

627 

320 

875 

868 

518 

265 

395 

732 

349 

350 

283 

520 

"172 

141 

684 

341 

152 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



n 



Page 

Foster, Nancy II. 610 

Foster, R. N _ --- 535 

Foster, Thomas 375 

Foncek, Charles 186 

l''oulds, Eugenie 406 

Fountain, Ada 103 

Fowler, Charles C._ 83 

Fowler, Imogene _ 127 

Fowler, Rev. Charles II 790, 792 

Fowler, Robert 1) .--290, 868 

Fowler, R. N. 467 

Fowler, Stanly (', 708 

Fowler. \V. F 677 

Fox, Mrs. L. 1' 611 

Fox, Mrs. <). I.. 630, 631, 632 

Fox, Ri-v. Charles M 785 

Frake, James 260, 865 

Frana, Veronica 732 

Franchere, IX- ... 614 

Francis, T. S 320 

Franck, John August 548 

Frank, Babbetta 718 

Frank, Emma 297 

Frank, Henry -408, 524, 610, 615 

Frank, 1 461 

Frank, Mrs. F.liese _. 614 

Frank, Rosa _ 731 

Frankenthal, E _ 408 

Fran/en, Matthias 866 

Fraser, C. | 681 

Fraser & Gillette 365 

Fraser, James 798 

Fraser, Susan 798 

Frazier, Anna 731 

I'l'.uld, H 614 

Frederic!, Eliza 330 

Frederick, Lucian 1). _ 761 

! R-dcriksen, Niels C. .. . 454 

Fredigke, Charles Christian 547 

Fredin, A __ 614 

Freeman, A. W 544 

Freeman, D. B 542, 543, 544 

Freeman, George _. 255 

Freeman, Isaac A. _ 808 

Freeman, Lucy 625 

Freeman, Mrs. A. M 684 

Freeman, Robert 395 

Freer, Joseph W 431, 508, 526, 606, 608 

Freer, Lemuel Covell Paine... 395, 508, 834 
Frees, I. H. .. 



617 



Frehse, Caroline 732 

Freiberg, Frederick 654 

Fremont, John C._ ._ 833, 834 

French, Augustus C._ 233 

French, A. 1' 412 

French, Charles G _ 109 

French, J. II 320, 785 

French, J. J 619 

French, I'inckney ... 515 

French, Potter & Wilson 752 

French, Rev. John A. 798 

French, W. D 321 

French, \V. H... 705 

French, W. M. R. 420,421 

Freret, Mother Bourkc... 774 

Freshwaters, Milton R. 268 

Fretts, Joanna _ 311 

Frcy, C. L !6o 

Frieberg, R __ 855 

Friedlander, Nancy _. 301 

Friedrich, Anna 552 

Fricdrich, Kcv. Franz.. _ 815 

Friese, William 875 

Frink, Charles 695 

Frisbie, Mrs. P. \V. 419 

Fritz, Elizabeth 746 

Frorlich, Rev. Edward 768 

Frost, Apphia B 601 

Frost & Bradley _ _ 365 

Frost, Carrie 389 

Frost, Charles S 74 

Frost, Laura Elizabeth 807 

Frost, Rufus S . 289 

Frost, W. E 376 

Frost (W. E.') Manufacturing Company, 376 
Fry, George C. 617, 619 



Page 

Fry, Jacob 560 

Fry, James B 583 

Frye, Carrie E._ 563 

F'uchs, Charles 694 

Fuchs, Gustav 582 

Fuchs, T 631, 632 

Fucik, Frank 870 

Fuller, C. E 83 

Fuller, Charles Gordon 537 

Fuller, C. G. S _. 625 

Fuller (E. S.) & Co 572 

Fuller & Finch _. 546 

Fuller, Finch & Fuller 546 

Fuller & Fuller 90 

Fuller & Fuller Company 545 

Fuller, George \V _. 166 

Fuller, Harry C. 223 

Fuller, Henry \V 431, 546, 547 

Fuller, J. C tet 

Fuller, James E. S 572 

Fuller, JohnJ.. 706 

Fuller, M. A 684 

Fuller, Melville W 172, 261, 290, 

402 410, 782, 843, 873, 875 

Fuller, Mrs. \V. \Y 419 

Fuller, Oliver Frank 546, 827 

Fuller, O. P.. 545 

Fuller cS; Roberts 545 

Fuller, William A. 152, 290, 378, 

386, 393, 404, 650 

FuIIerton, Alexander N 397 

Fulton, H. L 834 

Fulton, Jefferson L 405, 788 

Funk, Mary Ann 369 

Funk, Rev. E. J 794 

Funke, Caroline __ 482 

Furey, John V 583 

Furguson, B. F _ 369 

Furst, Bertha _ 549 

Furst, Henry 84, 85, 86 

Furst, Henry, Jr 84, 85 

Fyfe, Eliza 494 

Fyfe, George 494 

Fyffe, Max _. 266 

Gabriel, Rosalie. 831 

Gaer, A. F 69 

Gaffny, B _ 836 

Gage, A. S. -650, 675, 716 

Gage Bros. & Rice 354, 358 

Gage, Uavid A 101, 166, 262, 392, 

416, 655, 855, 857, 860 

Gage, George W 167, 170, 171, 

172, 844, 860, 875 

Gage, Jared 397, 436 

Gage, J. D 420 

Gage, John 395 

Gage, L. G 622 

Gage, Lyman J 290, 303, 335, 

405," 408, 418, 421, 443, 650, 847 

Gage, Mrs. I). A 608 

Gage, Mrs. Sarah Merrill. 396 

Gage, Thomas!) _. 397 

Gagne, Ambrose. 614 

Gaide, George.. S66 

Gaines, William 395 

( 'iale, Abram 395 

Gale, Anthony 119 

Gale, Ellen J 119 

Gale, F. M 503, 504 

Gale, George G 119 

Gale, Mary Louisa 119 

Gale, Stephen 392, 395 

Gale& Van Wyck 716 

Gale, \V. Seldon 848 

( Sales, John 243 

( lallagher, Joseph 617 

Gallagher, Mrs. Joseph 625 

Gallagher, Rev. J. S 776 

Gallagher, William J 278, 279, 874 

Galli, V. 615 

Galligan, Rev. T. F 767, 770 

Gallaway, A. J 846, 857, 875 

Galpin, Homer B 240 

Gallup, Benjamin E._ 657 

Galvin, Edward 1 417, 610 

Galvin, Mrs. F. I. 520, 613 



Page 

Gamble, James M 449 

Gannett, Rev. W. C 711 

Gapen, W. E 848 

Garber, Chris. C 483 

Garcia, Antonio 582 

Garcia, Bonifacio. 582 

Gardanier, Lillian L. 422 

( iarden City Warehouses 338 

Gardin, Alice T. 422 

Gardner, Charles 173 

Gardner, E. J 526 

Gardner, Freeland B 69, 372, 519 

Gardner, F. H 538, 542 

Gardner, George 405, 616, 785 

Gardner, Henry A 873 

Gardner, Horatio H _ 357, 372 

Gardner, James _ _ 479 

Gardner. Mrs. F. H 419 

Gardner, S. S 101, 857 

Gardner & Spry Company 372 

Gardner, William 320,341, 616 

Garfield, James A. 851,867, 868 

Garland, Flora A. 88 

Garns, Anna 709 

Garnsey, George O IOI 

Garrett, Manila E. 795 

Garrett, Mrs. James 419 

Garrick, John 365 

Garrison, H. D _ 539, 547 

Garrott, E 156 

Gartside, John M _ 264 

Garvey, John W.._ 868 

Gary, Flbert H 256 

Gary, Joseph E 237 

Gaskill, Maggie 618 

Gassette, Norman T. 238, 239, 449, 619, 620 

Gaston, Emma Frances 520, 526 

Gatchell, H. P 535 

Gates, Caleb F 609, 807 

Gates, Harry 629, 631 

Gates, Philetus Woodworth.. 175, 395, 

486, 490 

Gates, William 80 

Gatzemeyer, Marie 423 

Gaubert, Charles H 357 

Gauci, Mother 774 

Gault, John C 221 

Ganlt, T. B 221 

Gaunt, Sylvester 618 

Gaunthreaux, Mother 774 

Gavin, John B 482 

Gavin & Whitney 482 

Gay, George H 442 

Gay, Henry Lord 68, 69, 73 

Gay, William F 97 

Gaylord, Frederick 442 

Gaylord, II. G. 320 

Gaynor, John 102, 416, 614 

Gaynor, Michael ...102, 868, 870 

Geager, George I. 672 

Gear, Mrs. Lydia A. Jackson 396 

Geary, Marie. 738 

Gebel, Angelica 577 

Gebhard, Miss Sophia 421 

Geble, Peter 395 

Gedde, Ove 338 

Geddes, Alexander 320 

Gehr, Samuel 449, 785 

Geiger, Henry 156 

Geiles, Elizabeth 501 

Gelardi, Agostino 243 

Gelder, John 868 

Geller, Kittie 733 

Gentry, Annie M 521 

Genung, W. II. 156 

Geohegan, John E 102, 868 

George, Hattie L 540 

George, Rev. A. C. 790, 792 

George, Thomas 95 

Gerardin, Victor 614 

Gerbing, Frank 115 

Gerger, Henry 156 

Gerhardy, Anna 364 

Geringer, Jan 1 86 

Germain, George H._ 397 

Grrnhardt, Julia 85 



12 



Gerould Brothers 

Max M 524, 615 

Gerten,' Nick 869 

.'T, L. B, 592 

teld. Theodore 7"5 

Geti-hell. Edwin F 392,31)3. 449 

'' : 

(iet/Ier, A in Ire W 836 

Ghisolli, I 6'5 

Gibb, Amelia Maria 232 

Gibb, Richard Holt -- 

Gibbons, John 283 

Gibbs, Fannie 349 

Gibbs, F. C --- 449 

Gibbs. i leorge \ 375 

Gibbs, lames S -- 441 

Gibbs, O. C 604, 608 

Gibbs, S. P. - 377 

Gibson, Alexander F' 

Gibson, Charles li... 5 '5, 543 

Gibson, M 59 

Gibson, Rev. J. M --- 79'' 

Gibson, Sarah Jane __ 5'4 

Giddings, L. R 449 

Giese, l-lricke 579 

Gifford, Mrs. C. E 4"9 

Gilbert, C. J - 622 

Gilbert, Emma 5' 

Gilbert. E. E.. -- 126 

Gilbert, Frank su 7 , 68 (. 685, 688 

(albert, 11. I) - 

Gilbert, lames II. IOI, tO3, 862, 86; 

Gilbert, '-Mary M 5<r 

Gilbert. Mrs.' Frank 4 2 4 

Gilbert, Myra C - -- 

Gilbert, Rev. Charles M -.787, 809 

Gilbert, Rev. Selden - --- 7" 

Gilbert, Rev. Simeon 79 

Gilbert. Samuel H. -- 397 

Gile, David H 59 2 

Giles Bro. & Co 74< 

Giles. Charles K. 749 

Giles, Edwin A.. - 75 

Giles, William A.... 749 

Gililand, T. F 61- 

Gill, Addie 385 

Gill, Benjamin E. 395 

Gill, H. c; 10 

Gill, James -- 62c 

Gill, 'lames it. 866 

Gill, John - .- 35' 

Gill, John I)... -- 28 

Gill, Rev. P - 

Gill, Rev. Patrick David.- 76 

Gillan, Rev. J. C. _ -- 76 

Gillen, Frances 4 s 

Gillcspie, G. I .- 29 

Gillespie. J - - 4' 

Gillett, Jennie K 38 

Gillette. Edwin I 4- 

Gilletle, I. F 30* 

Gillette. I.ydiaA -- 24 

Gillies, Thomas 79 

Gilliland, Margaret I(X 

Gilman, John Ellis -532,60 

Cilmeister, Joseph .. - 87 

..ore, A.'l' 404, 52 

Gib: ea Emery -.271), 

Gilmore. Genevie\e 52 

Gilmore, Nellie 55 

Gilmore, Pollock \ Co 45 

Gilmore, Robert A 55 

Gilpin, Henry I) 41 

Gilpin, Mrs. Henry D 41 

Gindele 1'rothers . 

Guide!.-, Charles W. 8 

( lindele, Franz _ 8 

Gindele, John G. ..8a, 2-, 

C.iiio. rhio. Charles 61 

Giiio.-i hio, l.inda 8 

Gimher. William E -( 

Gipke, Christian 82 

Gird, Mary 4 

Gittinys, Fran.-rs A. __ 87 

Given. Welkcr 

(livens, K. C. 4- 



SPECIAL INDKX. 

tup 

ladden, \Vasliington 289 

--- I 01 

ladwin, Helen Grace 811 

Ian/. Charles 342 

lasgow, A. M - 866 

lassbrook, Elizabeth 99 

jleason, Arthur 278, 279, 6:6 

, Bridget - 9 

leason. Fanm M -- --- 4 l( > 

,leason, Frederic Grant ..-640, 641 

lleason, Mi'.'- F. - -- 62 5 

'ileasou, M. K I5& 

'deason, William II 239 

ileed, Emily 5S 

ileeson, I). F 126 

;ienn, Archibald A 847 

llenn, John _ &73 

;iessn-r. ) oh n I.. 417,423. 5"4, OIO 

rlessner, Mrs. J. J 424 

'.lick, George \V 873 

llobe Foundry 479 

'.lube Warehouse - 338 

Hock, Kniily -- 2<M 

Uody, Thomas I' 867 

, Joseph O._ 234, 565, 568 

Hover, Lyiiian 1! -- 77 

Jlover, Samuel J 39 2 , 393 

loan, Orrin S -- 3 2 8 

lobel, Elias F QO 

Joddard, Lester O 782 

loddard, Rev. John C 806 

iodfrey & Clark. 754 

Godfrey, Joseph C._ 754 

lodfrey, Laetitia 547 

lodma'n, W. C, 617 

Jodwin. Clara 35 

, ley, Rev. Amos... 819 

loeltz, Lena. . 97 

Goessele, Rev. \V._ 819 

loet/. iV 13rada - 5 O1 

Cioetz, Husche & Co 5 O1 

Goetz, Fritz 5 O1 

C.off, Florence -- 5'9 

'Oggin, James 146. 4' 

oing, Alvina. 485 

Goldbeck, Robert. ' 631, 632 

Goldenberg, Rachel 830 

Goldie, William 78 

Goldrigg, W. J. N 627 

Goidsborough, C. 1! 570 

Goldsmidt, Jenny I.iiul 785, 786 

C.oldsmitli, A. I 629 

Goldsmith, Fred K 673 

Goldsmith, I,. 686 

Goldthwaite, James C -- 670 

C.olihvatcr, G... 867 

Gollhardt, I - 617 

I lo] si MI, William S 56, 

Gooch, George E. __ 61; 

Good, Edward G 48* 

Good (F. G.I \ Bro.- 488 

Good (F. G. \ (.) Co 488 

Good, John 488 

t, "o.l, Nlartin, 615 

Goodale, Edward 62. 

GoodaU (H. L.) & Co 335 

,11, |. \\ 397 

Goodi-11, R. E. 107, 108, 862 

ng, A. I 83 

Goodkind, Fannie II 727 

I H (Oilman, Charles 45. 

I ' ">ilman, Christian .. _ 627 

Goodman, David 6iS, 622 

Goodman, Eihvard.. _ 710 

nan, II 408 

Goodman, II. W 402, 40. 

Goodman, James I! 380, 393. 451, 65, 

Goodman (Ji'inrs 1!.) & C'o 45 

( "loodman, James S. 8cx 

Goodman, Thomas .. }6i, 79! 

ui, William Owen. . 381 

Goodno, G. \V. R. 22 

Goodnow, \V. H 32 

Goodrich, Albert E 35 

Goodrich, Cornelia 7 



( ioodrich, F'. .... 44 



Page 

'.oodrich, Elizabeth Osgood - 333 

'ioodrich, E. S. 73 

Cioodrich, Grant. ...395, 58, 816, 817, 

836, 853 

ioodrich, H.A 449 

, h, Herman B... 395 

.ooilrirh, II. C 6ll> 

ioodrich, H. I '"'! 

ioodrich, J. G - 

l.iodrich, JuKllS T.- 584 

ioodrich, Philena 1' 74<' 

Goodrich, Timothy Watson 395 

Cioodridge, Lottie 210 

Goodsmith, William 5'5 

'loodspeeil, J. W. 865 

ioodspeed, Rev. E. J 518,684, 812 

Soodspeed, Rev. T. W..... 812 

ioodwin, Daniel, Jr - 5 2 

Goodwin, E. P 290 

[ioodwin, J., Jr 4 1 ''' 

ioodwin. Miss V. A 75 

Goodwin & Pasco -- 4 f)I 

Goodwin. Rev. E P... -608, 806 

inoihvillie, Thomas 631, 632 

Goodyear, William 73 2 

iookin, F. W 44" 

iookins, J. F 4?<> 

Gookins, S. B. - 857 

loold, Nathaniel... - - 395 

ordon, Jonathan W - - 231 

lordon, J. K . 49<> 

'lOrdon, Rev. John.. 814 

"lore, George F ( >73 

Jorin, Jerome R - 120 

Gorman, Joseph R - 875 

Gormley, James Henry. 57 

'iorton, Anson 601, 620, (-22 

Gorton, Edward Fisk 277 

Gorton, F. S - 59 s 

-oss, Frank F 672 

Goss.John -- - 395 

Goss, Rev. Charles F'rederick 824 

( iossage, Charles 94, 649, 719 

Gottfried Brewing Company 578 

Gottfried, Ida - 505 

Gottfried, Mathieu *.. 578 

Gottschalk, Rev. Friedrich 794 

Goudie, Mary C. 7 

Goudy, Mrs.'W. C -- 612 

Goudy, W. C -.402, 535, 804, 847, 874 

Gould, A. 866 

Gould, Elizabeth 353 

Gould, F'rederick -. 357 

Gould, G. T 619, 622 

Gould, Irving 7*> 2 

Gould, J. E 416 

Gould, John S 82, 797 

Gould, William R 82 

Gotilet, Rev. Ambrose 768 

Gove, F'lijah _ 816 

Gradle, Henry 431, 512, 524 

Graffiti liros. & Hall 566 

Grafton, Rev. F. R. 784 

Graham, Adam _. 864 

Graham, Benjamin . ..... 843 



Graham, D.W -.518, 519,522, 527, 528 

Graham, George. 190 

Graham, J. P 848 

C.ramer, Valentine 740 

Granger, Eliliu 395, 836 

Granger, Smith & Co .... 461 

Grannis, Amos 78, IO2, 617, 620, 865 

Grannis, Henry F. 78 

Grannis, Samuel J 78 

Grannis, Samuel Willis --395. 397,626 

Grannis, W. C. 1) 438. 439, 650, 840 

Grant, James _ 395 

Grant, John C. 418 

Grant, Josiah .. 435 

Grant, l.evi _ 395 

Grant, Lillie M 538 

Grant, .Mrs. J 6ll 

Grant, Orville _ ... 560 

Grant, U. S 57, 303, 560, 591, 845 

Grant, William Cutting 250, 593 

Grant, W. J. 617 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



Page 

Grassly, Charles William 548 

Cratiot, Adele 413 

Cratiot, Henry 413 

Grauer, Rosina 719 

Cravt-s, Henry 395 

Craves. Leila W 254 

Craves, M. M 610 

( !ray. Anne 452 

('.ray, A. R 380 

( Iray, A. \V 590 

Gray Brothers & Phelps 442 

Cray, Hurt it Kingman. 348,442 

Cray, Charles M 397, 840 

Cray, Cornelia A. .. 792 

Cray, Densmore & I'helps 442 

Cray, Klisha 593, 594 

Cray, Kmilv ... 399 

Cray, Francis!) 611, 797 

Cray, Franklin I). 394. 395, 442 

Gray, George M 69, 395 

Gray, Henry C. _ 321 

Gray, II. G.' 788 

Gray, John - - -395,.7'3 

Cray, "John A ... '848 

('.ray, Joseph Henry 395 

Ci:iv, Joseph Lucius 514 

Cray, Moses \V._ 442 

Gray, Mrs. F. I) 6n 

Cray, I'helps & Co ._ 442 

Cray, \V. B. H. 857 

Cray, William Cunningham 522, 709, 804 

Green, A. \V._ 320, 874 

Green, Charles 316 

( ireen, (.'. \V. ... 521 

Green, Daniel M 395 

Green, K. K. . _ 69 

(ireen, Frank Russell __ 420 

Green, Helen 425 

Green, Mary 113 

Green, Mrs. Caroline Milliard.. 396 

Green, Nena Arvilla 452 

Green, Oliver I! 807 

Green, Rev. II. K 816 

Green, Rev. Thomas E 522, Soo, 827 

Green, Russell 397 

Green, Walter*R 395 

Greene, Carrie R _ 703 

Greene, Frank C 563 

Greene, John H. 121 

Greene. M. T 379 

Greene, Rev. James S -788, 789 

Creenebaum, Henry. I 75, 182, 506, 614, 855 

Greenebaum (Henry) it Co. ._ 461, 506 

Greenehaum, Isaac 506 

Greenebaum, Jacob. 506 

Greenebaum (Michael) & Co. 506 

Greenebaum, M. \-J.__ 506 

Greenebaum, Michael, Sr 506, 507 

Greem-baum's (Michael) Sons _. 506 

Greenebaum, Moses 506 

Creenebaum's Sons 506 

Greenfield, Lottie _ 625 

Creenhood. Lizzie _ 338 

Greenleaf, W. I _ __ 172 

Greenlee, Mrs. R. 853 

Greenough, Jennie 625 

Greensfekler, Isaac --524, 615 

Gregg & Ayers 461 

Gregg it Hughes _ 563 

( ' re gg. John I) 521 

Gregg, Mary E. __ 750 

Gregg, William M 313, 320 

Gregorie, Mrs. M. 625 

Gregorie, Thomas II 625 

Gregory, Charles F 173 

Gregory, J. F. _.. 291 

Gregory, John M 814 

Gregory, R. B _. 634 

Gregory, S. S 401, 402, 403, 404 

Gregory, Walter D 304, 320 

Cregsten, Samuel 358 

Greiner, William H 340 

Greisheimer, Fred 871 

Grenier, Thornas L 671 

Gresham, Walter Q 234, 568, 871, 874 

Grey, Clark & Engle 341 



Page 

( irey, Josiah . ..... _- 869 

Grey, William 1 341 

Crier, II. B. 782 

Crier, John A -..522, 785 

Crier, John I J2 

Griffen, Alonzo M. 714 

Griltin, A. T. _ 87 

( Iriffin, Byron __ 518 

Grillin, S. G 222 

Griffin, Thomas A ugustin . 480 

Griffith, Mary A _ . 634 

Griffith, Robert 496 

Griffith, R. C 617 

Griffiths,?:.. - 618 

Griffiths, John 91 



Griggs, Mrs. S. C 424 

i iriggs (S. C.) it Co 684 

Grimwood, Newton S. 704 

Grinnell, Julius S 102, 103, 240, 241, 

280, 403, 865, 867, 869, 871 

Griswold, Edward P 723 

Griswold, Harriet 468 

Griswold, J. W. 723 

( Iriswold (J. W.) it Co 723 

Gritzmaker, Bertha .... 114 

Grob, Rev. J. F 819 

Groff, Peter 397 

Grogan, Rev. I. II 769 

Cross (D. F.)'itCo 368 

Gross, Jacob ..-184. 239. 401, 443, 591, 873 

Cioss, Johnetta .. _ 375 

Gross (j". P.) it Co. 345 

Gross, Kathrina _. 444 

< '.rnss, Katie M 445 

Gross, Samuel E. 449, 451 

Crosscup, I'eter S 279 

Crosse it Co 722 

Crosse, Henry 722 

Grosvenor, Lemuel Conant 535, 536, 

537. 538 

Groot, Samuel 573 

Grove, Ann F: 268 

Grover, Alonzo J 693, 847, 853 

Crover, Dennett 422 

Grover, D. D. 422 

Grover, Juliet A 668 

('.rover, Leonard ... 150,664 

Grover, Zuinglius 71)7 

Groves, Mrs. D. V (18,411) 

Grow, Jennie M 240 

Gj-nda, Gustave Maria 822 

Gruener, Rev. M 770 

Grund, James P __ 401 

Grundy, Mrs. J. C. 613 

Grusendorf, Henry _ 380 

Grusendorf, Ott & Co. 380 

Guerin, John 118 

Gneroult, Theolilus 614 

Guerra, V 582 

(iuffin, E. L __ _ . 539 

Guhl, Frederick H 312 

Guild, E. C 395 

Guilford, Andrew J 617, 618, 621 

Gtiilfoyle, Rev. P 769 

Guiocchio, G _ 615 

Gulbrandsen , M. 694 

Gulich, E 848 

(lump, Benjamin F. 91 

Gund, Fred 113, 114 

Gunderson, G. M .- 374 

Gunderson, Lena _ 625 

( lundcrson, S. T. _ 101, 625 

Gumlruni, Ferdinand 578 

Gundrum, Marie 578 

Gunn, Catharine M 713 

Gunn, John Ross 598 

Gunn, Moses 508, 522, 525, 526 

Gumiigen, Thomas 83 

Gunther, Amos G 875 

Gurley, Nahum _ 341 

Gurnee, Walter Smith 395, 429, 840 

Gurney, James _ 480 

Gurney, Rev. Aaron 795 

Gurney, Theodore Tuthill 142, 143, 

310, 331, 620, 623, 866, 867, 869 
Gustus, Afmeda C 794 



Guthrie, Alfred 397 

Guthrie, O. W. _ 83 

Haack, Josephine 755 

Haaker, R. B 733 

llaasc, Ralph J. 150 

Haase, William II 458 

Hackett, John 395 

Haddock,' Charles (1 459 

Haddock, Co.xe it Co 459 

Haddock, Vallette it Rickcords 459 

Hadduck, Edward II. 264, 397 

Hadduck (E. H.) & Co 308 

Hadduck, Mrs. Louisa Graves 396 

Iladley, Hiram 684 

Haeger, Ismma 548 

Maefting. William A 875 

Haffey, Michael 397 

I lagan, Rev. James M. 766 

Hagans, Mrs. L. A 853 

Hagenbach, A. W 160 

Hagenbauch, Mary 686 

Hagenson, H. S 291 

Ilager. Albert David.. ..409, 4", 4'3, 4M 

Haggerty, Michael C. 7 2 7 

Ilah'n, Herman F 524, 615 

Hahn, J. A 156 

Halm, Julia Sophia Ill 

Hahn, Rev. Charles 770 

Haight, Eliza Helen .- 396 

Haight, Harriet M... 258 

Haight, Vincent 531 

Haines, Elijah Middlebrook.. 395, 436, 

508, 859 

Haines, John Charles 116, 118, 246, 

395," 508, 632, 836, 840, 846, 847, 

859, 865, 875 

Haines, Walter S 508, 513, 526 

Hair, Annie F,. P 798 

Hair, Eliza J 798 

Hair, George R 202 

Hair, James A 378, 798 

Hair, J. S 378 

Hair, John V. 449 

Hair it Ridgway .. . .. 378 

Hair, Robert Stanley 202 

Hair, Samuel G 378 

Halbert, R. A 871 

Hale & Ayer 478 

Hale, C. B 677 

Hale, E. M 535, 688 

Hale, E. N. . 80 



Hale, George W --- 522 

Hale, W. E 78 

Hales, B. F _ 575 

Halford, Elijah W 698 

Halket, George 798 

Hall, A. O 755 

Hall, Amos T 535. 827 

Hall, Benjamin 395 

Mall, B. R 672 

Hall, Charles 416 

Hall, Charles H 732 

Hall, Christopher 566 

Hall, Cyrenius 422 

Hall, D. E _ 591 

Hall, Elizabeth 259 

Hall, E. A. 82 

Hall, E. G 69, 295 

Hall, Eugene J 684 

Hall, E. P 620 

Hail, Frederick H 695, 696 

Hall, George Alexander 532, 533 

Hall, J. B 785 

Hall, Joseph 395 

Hall, J. L. S .- 627 

Hall, f. M 156 

Hall, T. Sherman 343 

Hall, L. E _ 321 

Hall, L. R 798 

Hall, Mrs. George 520 

Hall, Mrs. L. R. _ 519 

Hall, Philip A .392, 395 

Hall, Robert C 566 

Hall, R. N. 515 

Hall, Robert Samuel ---5l8, 519 

Hall, Sarah C 678 



SPECIAL INDIA. 



Hall, Thomas \V - ill 

Hall, William - 

II. ill, William Fdward 376, 511 

Hall, William F. - 7 () 5. 7'"' 

Hall \ Winch. 115. 573 

llalla, Frederick 619 

Hallam. Rev. Isaac Williams ._ - 395 

llallbuif;. L. C.nstave :.- 69 

llailctt, Sarah F 449 

Mailman, James. - 673 

Hallock, Isaac P... 395 

Halpin, Thomas M -. 

llalscv. Rev. l.eroy I 802, 804 

Ham, Charles II..'..". 152. 5"I. =64 

Hamblen. liiantha ( Allen) 119 

Hamblen. Lewis A... - "9 

llamblen, Walter - "9 

llamblcton. Chalkley I 460 

Hambletoii, loseph W 460 

llamblin, Fannie. 269 

llamblin, John J. 95 

llamblin, Mary F 5 

Hamill, Charles I). ..301, 309, 320, 392, 

421, 422, 649, 650, 796 

llamill, F. A 320 

Hamill, E. C -- - 526 

llamill, I. C. 8oi 

llamill, John - 125 

llamill. Mrs. C. I). 418, 4'9 

Hamill. R. C -.- 5t>8, 522 

Hamilton. L). C 618 

Hamilton, D. C.. ---617, 622 

Hamilton, Edward II. - 544 

Hamilton, George S 156 

Hamilton, Henry E. - -617, 656 

Hamilton. I. K - 381 

Hamilton, John M 291,309, 871 

Hamilton, J. S. 632 

Hamilton & Mrrryman Company 381 

Hamilton, PolemusI). -. 395 

Hamilton. Richard | - 837 

Hamilton, \V. C. -- 381 

Hamilton. \V. |. 584 

Haniler, I - 486, 4 

Hamlin, Hannibal 4' 

Hamlin, [.A 597,657, 667 

Hamlin, L. H. 667 

Ilammel, Jacob - ( 

Hammer, 'D. Harry 69, 261 

Ilammerschmitt, Peter 733 

Hammond, Charles G. ..lid, iiS, 605, 

608, 609, 807. 809, 853, 865 

Hammond, C. I -- 449 

Hammond iV Fry 461 

Hammond, II. A 619, 624 

Hammond, J. R 622 

Hammo-Hl, Thomas C - 34 

Hammond, W. A 4"5. 44' 

llanaford, Amanda M.._ -- - 653 

llanbnry, T. II. --- 291 

Hanchett, John I --- -- 35 

H.mchctt, Seth I 239, 246, 501, 868 

Hancock, John L 295, 296, 334 

Hancock, W. S 345 

Han.:. B. 1 .. 624 

Hand, John P 845 

Hand, Peter 855 

Handbury, Thomas II - 583 

Handlin, William 617 

llandrnp, F. F --6l7, 6l< 

Ilandt, I.illie 2O; 

Handy & Co 4 = 8, 4< 

Handy, Henry II 45 

Handy, Mrs. Lama W. I'.ellows y)( 

ll.mccy, Elbridge .. -- 27" 

Hanford, Francis.... 14 

Hanford, Hall & Co. -- 75 

Hanford, Philander! . 755, 75 

Hanford I P. C.) Oil Company 75 

I lankins, George V 

Hanky, James --43 

Hanley, Mary 

Hanna, Jane - 7') 

llanna, Sarah 71) 

I (anna, S. | )' 

llanna, \V. |._ 79 



lann.dord, (K.) \ Co ......... - ...... <>*4 

lannah, Mattic- ...... ---- ......... 454 

lannah. Lay & Co ............... 35, 37 

lannah, I'erry.. .................... 37 

lannan. Fanny ....... - ........... 634 

lannan, James ................... - ' 5" 

lansbrongh, W". . ................... 449 

laiiscom. P. 1 ..... ----- ............ 874 

lanscom (I 1 . L.) \ Co. ._ ......... - -- 874 

lanscom, W. 1' ................... - 7<>5 

I insen, Cordelia M ............... --- 270 

(ansen, Henry C ..... . ............. 74 

tansen, I ______ ........ -------- ..... 6 94 

[anaen, Rev. Dr. William ---- ....... 823 

lanson, Clara M. ---- ............... 48 

lanson, Franklin S.. . 

lanson, ILmsS ........ - ............ 291 

lanson, Louis ........... -- ---- 4 2 & 

lanson, Rev. J. \V ................ 7" 

lanstein, Herman ........ . .......... 4 2 4 

[arbridge, William A ......... ----- 673 

1 arbridge. Thomas -------- ..... -- 78 

larden, O. K ------- ................ 522 

lardi -nlmrgh, Kate L .............. 802 

lardin. I >.' J ..... ---- ..... --------- 9" 

lardin, Isaac N._- ................ I7 2 

lardin, Rev. F. A .............. ----- 789 

lardin, S. W ............. - ...... 257 

larding, A. C ...................... 5<>6 

larding, Amos J ................ -5Q2, 798 

larding, Charles .................. -- 397 

[arding, George F ...... ---- ------ 651 

lardman, Mam 1 .................... 374 

lardy, James ..... .. ............. --- 695 

lardy, Lawrence.. ....... -------- - 75 

lare, R. W .......... 418, 657, 77 

larkin, James M ------ ............ - 7-4 

larkins,' Ellen .......... ------ ...... 329 

larkness, F.dson J ..... --------- ..... 282 

larlan, A. \V .............. 515,542, 543 

llarlan, John M ........ -- ........... 234 

Harland, L. M ...... ------ ....... ... 618 

Marlon, J. IJ ...... - ..... - .......... - 357 

ilarlow, George M .............. ----- 782 

llarlow, Mrs. G. H .................. 419 

ilarman, Daniel II. ............... . 395 

llarman, William ________ ...... ----- 395 

Harmon, Edwin R... ........... ----- 395 

Harmon, H. \V. ________ ............ 17 

Harmon, Isaac Dewey --------------- 395 

Harmon, John K ------ ...... -------- Sod 

Harmon, Lucy liell ..... ------ ....... 79 

llarpel, Charles ...... .. -. - 412,451 

llarpur, Cecilia ---- ................ 427 

Harper, George \V ------- ............ 197 

Harper, John Erasmus- ---- 515, 516, 526 

Harper & Skinner _ ............ ------ 96 

Harper, William ....... . ...... 197, 742 

Harper, William II ...... 331, 677, 706, 

853, 873, 875 
Harper, William M .............. - 676 

Harries, Rev. David- ..... ----------- 79; 

Harrington, E. R .................... 42 

Harrington, James Jay ----- .......... 549 

Harrington, R. R. .. ............... - 33C 

Harriott, Frank _._ ....... . .......... 596 

Harris, Arthur ---- ................ .. 502 

Harris, Charles Murray ..... ------- - 257 

Harris, Edward I' ...... ........... 563 

Harris, Elijah T ............ ---- 497, 502 

Harris (E. T.) & Co. ______ ..... _____ 502 

Harris. George I'. ... .......... ______ 502 

Harris (George \'.) \ I'.ro ---- ....... __ 

Harris, Harriet S ----- ........ _______ 753 

Harris, Jacob ....................... 360 

Harris, Jennie W ..... ...... ----- 587 

Harris, Myron ---- _____ ........ _____ (in 

Harris. NL K ......... ____ ...... . . 875 

Harris, Rev. Samuel ____________ 711, 781 

Harris, Robert . ............ ._. ..... 827 

Harris, Samuel II ........... ________ 497 

Harris. Sarah ____ ________________ 75, gr 

Harrison, Carter II. 102. 103, IiS, 402, 

I" |, fx>9, 846, 858, 865, 867, SI,,,, 

8yj, 872, 873 
Harrison, Mrs. Carter II. __ ......... . 42. 



Page 

larrison, Mary Ann 

larrison, Mary E - 422 

larrison, N. P... 422 

larrison, \V. II. 539. 541 

larrison, William I lenry ] "3 

larrison, \V. K. 5'5 

lart, Abraham - 524. "15, 723 

lart Brothers 

Hart, Henry N - "' 

Hart, Henry T - - ''4'' 

Hart, Marvin G -- 539, 5 4, 541 

Harte, Gregory 1'. - 35" 

Harter, Elizabeth J - - 5 ( 'o 

Hartley, C. S. - '"7 

ilartman, Emanuel ._ - 627 

lartman \ F.rtz 495 

Ilartman, Fred - 495, 49 

Hartman, George A "9 

Ilartman, Joseph !'9 

Ilartman, Louis - 627 

Ilartman. Mary (Patterson)-. 119 

[lartman, Rev. Joseph. - 

Hartman, Simeon - 627 

Hartmann, Adolph -- 495 

1 1 arlmann & Clausen 4')?. i')' 1 

Hartsuff, George I - 5*3 

llartwell, A. V 827 

Hartwell, Fred G - 388 

llartweli, Mrs. A. V 4'9 

Hartwig, Charles Ferdinand --- - 55 1 

Harvey, E. S - 449 

Harvey, Herbert C 449, 4*'" 

Harvey, Joel D 535, 54, 5&5 

Harvey, Mary 5" 

Harvey, Mary M. - "99 

Harvey, Mrs. E. C 625 

Harvey, T. \V. 368, 373, 374, 4'8. 

605, 608, 609, 650, 655, 657, 829 

Harvey (T. W.) Lumber Company 373 

Haskell, F. T 077 

Ilaskell, Jessica .._ -631, 632 

Haskell, I.oomis 1' 542, 543 

Haskett, Mrs. K. E 4:9 

llaskins, Clark C. .., - 121 

Hass, Lewis - 395 

Hasse, Frederick ---* -- 542 

llasser, Elizabeth .. 123 

Hasting, Maria I. ._ - 483 

Hastings, George \V 37 2 

Hastings, Hiram 397 

Hastings, Scott - 073 

Ilastrieter, Mine. Lena 633 

Hatch, A/.el F 272 

Hatch, Henry I. 723 

Hatch, Mrs. Caroline C. 396 

Hately, J. C - 320 

Hatfield, M. I' - -- 513 

Hatfield, Mrs. M. P - 4'9 

Hatfield, Rev. R. M 789, 790, 792 

Hathaway, C. F. 498 

Hathaway, J. 1 409 

Hathaway, Mrs. L. M 625 

Hatheway, F _ 449 

Hatton, Frank 707 



Haven 
Haven 
Haven 



llauk, Minnie ........................ 633 

Haverly, John H. .-.150, 664, 669, 670, 

671, 676 
J. _ ............... . ......... 543 

Luther ____________ ..... _____ 560 

Nathaniel A ................. 365 

I laven, Rev. Joseph ............ _____ 809 

Havens, E. O. _____ ............. 518, 648 

Havens, Laura V... ................. 740 

Hawes, Kirk ________________ ____ ____ 237 

Ilawes, Mary J ..... _____ ............ 96 

Hawkes, Henry F ........... _ ....... 591 

Ilawkes, Marion A. -------------- ___ 479 

Hawkes, W. J .............. _____ 532, 533 

Hawkins, Willis ___ ...... . ..... ______ 701 

Hawkinson, I'eter L ................. 248 

llawkinson, S. A ............... _____ 6gi 

llawley, George Fuller ....... ____ 526, 527 

llawley, James A ..... _. ............. 618 

llawley, John 1!. _________ ........... 874 

Hawley, John S ........ ... ........... 395 

llawley, Joseph R ...... _. ..... ..... 871 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



Han-ley, Uriah R _ 45 

Haworth, Dennis 617, 61 

Hay, Alexander B 49 

Hay, Malcolm 87 

Hay \ Prentice -.493, 49 

Hay, \Valter 431, 51 

Hay den, Albert. 393,421, 50 

Hayden, II. \V .._ 42 

Hayden, Mrs. A. G 63 

Hayden (P.) & Co 50 

Hayden (P.) & Son 501 

Hayes, Mamie 37, 

Hayes, Mary A 37 

Hayes, Michael _ 87 

ll.i\o, Plymmon 54 

Hayes, P.'S 51! 

Hayes, Rev. Dennis _ 76: 

Hayes, Samuel J.._ 195 

Hayes, S. S 69,141, 143,415,846, 

847, 856, 860, 86 

I layman, Caleb G 85 < 

Hayman, Mrs. C. G. 41 

Hayner, Amaziah 61 

Haynes, Carrie J 268 

Haynes, C. M 538 

Hayt, Henry C.-. 75 

Hay ward, liartlett & Co. _. 87 

Hazel, Maria __ 485 

Ilazelette, Laura 59' 

Ha/eltine, Rev. T. H. _ 79* 

Hazen, Adelaide E _ 

Hazlett (I. M.) & Co . 359 

Heafford, W. H .864, 865 

Heafield, John W ! _" 

Heald, Darius . 391 

Ilrald, Horatio N 397 

Healey, I). D 125 

Healy, James G. 567, 591 

Healy. James T. 867 

Healy, John J 238, 245, 591 

Healy, Patrick J. 614,634 

Healy, Rev. J. W._ 8o 

Healy, Thomas. _ 871 

Healy, T. M. _ 410 

Heaney, Agnes go 

Heart! , Mrs. Jane 396 

Heartt, Robert 166, 395 

Heartt, William I __ 121 

Heath, Ernest W. _ _ 98 

Heath, Francis C... 83 

Heath, Frederick C. 83 

Heath, Monroe, 97, 98, 101, 102, 108, 
118, 142, 143, 609, 854, 861, 863, 

864, 865 

IIe.iton, \V. \V. 245 

Heckle, Emma 633 

Hedblom, Augustus 158 

Hedges, S. P 532, 535 

Iledman, Rev. John _. 786 

Heermans, Thomas _. 320 

Heffron, Helen 538 

Hefter, Charles B 627 866 

Hegley, \V. K 430 

Hehn, Eliza __ 86 

Height, A. B._ _6i8, 625 

Height, Carrie 625 

Height, M. A. _ 625 

Height, Mrs. A. B __ 625 

Heimbrodt, Joseph _ 627 

Heimendahl, Edward 640 

Heinberg, Fred _ 871 

Heinemann, William 445, 617 

Heinrich, Max 650 

Heintz & Ertz 495 

Heintz, P. F _ ] 4 g 5 

Heissler & Junge _ 91 

Hejduk, Martin . 186 

Helder, Christian. 627 

Heller, Rabbi Max _ ,. 831 

Hellreigel, Augusta _ 294 

Helm, H. T. 237 

Helmer, Frank A 261 

Helmer, J. S. 320 

Helmer, Rev. C. !)._ 611, 710 

Helmhol/, Ilermina ' 568 

Helmick, C. C,.., 4x8 



Helmuth, Charles A. 

Hemelgarn, Henry ._ 

Hemingway, A. T 290, 

Hemingway, Hannaniah W. 

Hemple, M. E 

Henderson, Abner W 

Henderson, Andrew M 317, 

Henderson, Charles Mather. .404, 407, 
522, 649, 650, 729, 796, 

Henderson (C. M.) cS; Co 465, 

Henderson, David. 669, 

Henderson, E. F. 

Henderson, G. L. _. 

Henderson, Howard .... 265, 

Henderson, Mrs. C. M. ._ __ 

Henderson, Mrs. W. F 

Henderson, Samuel M...5SS, 617, 618, 

620, 

Henderson, Thomas J 

Henderson, Wilbur Solon 729, 

Hendricks, Thomas A 231, 402, 872, 

Hendrickson, Samuel __ 

Hengle, Sarah A 

Henkle, E. F. W 

Henley, J. R 



60 

6 1 
41 
544 
I5 : 

26 



86 

72< 
70 

39 

68 

684 

51 

5* 

62 

843 
827 

873 
29 
4<)5 
54 
627 
llriilock, Rev. John A ......... . ..... 766 

Ilenly & Campbell ________ ..... . ..... 116 

Heiin, August ____ ..... _ ........... . 69^ 

Ilenne, Philip .......... . ............ 8( 

Henneberry, Rev. Francis S._ ......... 77! 

Hennemann, Minnie ....... . ......... 53, 

Henness, W. T ____________ .......... 320 

Hennessey, Rebecca A. ___ ....... ____ 122 

Hennessey, Sadie I .............. _____ 70! 

Heunessy, Elizabeth .............. 360, 490 

Ilennessy, M. D ___ ..... _______ ..... 166 

Hennessy, Peter J ....... . ....... -4IO, 55! 

Ilennessy, Rt. Rev. John .......... __ 77- 

llenning, F. F ........ ___ ......... . . 52" 

Ilenrici, Henry ........... ____________ 362 

Henrici, Philip ........ ..... _ ....... 362 

Ilenrici, Wilhelm ______ ........ ______ 362 

Henrotin, Charles ............ 439, 614, 650 

Henrotin, F .......... . .......... no, 525 

Henrotin, Fernand .................. 16; 

Henrotin, F'ernand, Jr .............. _ 6o 

Henrotin, Mrs. Charles .............. 425 

Henry, Charles .............. _ ..... __ 747 

Henry, R-. L ...................... _. 381 

Henry, William ..... . ............. _. 626 

Henschel, George ____ _ ....... ________ 649 

Henschel, Herman ........ . ...... _.. 627 

Henseler, Rev. Augustinus . .......... 768 

Henshaw, F. A .................. ... 449 

[lenson, Mrs. P. S.. ......... _ ....... 412 

Henson, Rev. P. S _______ ............ 812 

Hepburn, Alexander.. ...... ___ ..... 626 

Hepburn (John W.) & Co. ___________ 303 

k-quembourg, J. E .......... _____ ___ 543 

erald, Charles ..................... 824 

lerhert, Mrs. George _________ ....... 419 

Herely, M. B. ______________________ 875 

Herhold & Bush _____________ ........ 491 

Herhold, F ......... _ ...... ____ ...... 491 

German, E. W _______ .............. _ 576 

-lerman (E. W.) & Co ................ 576 

Hermann, C. F... ................... 619 

lerrick, Charles ......... _ ..... _____ 395 

Ii-rrirk, Jeannie ......... _______ 646, 647 

lerrick, Martha ........... ______ ____ 232 

li-irick, R. Z --------------------- 618, 622 

lerrick, William li _____ .............. 836 

ierrington, Augustus M ...... ____ 841, 846 

lersey, Henry A ........ ____________ 409 

Hers'ney-Eddy, Mrs. Sara ____ ....... _ 637 

lerting, John --------- ..... _____ 856, 857 

lerting, William A _______ ........... 399 

lertz, Henry L ................ _____ 156 

lervey, Robert ................. 614,868 

lerz, Minnie ...... ............ __ ____ 265 

lerzberg, August .............. _____ 694 

lesing, A. C. ..184, 565, 655, 704, 855, 

856, 857 
lesing, Washington _____ 416, 704, 706, 848 

lesler, Alexander ........ __ ......... 425 

less, C. I) ......... ....... . ......... 667 



Page 

Hess, Caroline _ 654 

Hess (E.) & Co _ 333 

Hess, Frederick Andrew 510 

Hesselroth, II 694 

I lewes, Nelson W 307 

Hewett, Alfred B 317 

Hewitt, Rev. C. E 814 

Hewittson, Jane 132 

Hewlett, J. R. 592 

Hews, Isabella . 295 

Heydock, M. 522, 608 

Heyl, Rev. Michael 819 

Heylmann, Charles 547 

Hiatt, A. H __ 539 

Hibbard, F. A _ 83 

Hibbard, Homer N 169, 421, 429, 

430, 569 

Hibbard, Spencer, Bartlett & Co _ 483 

Hibbard, Thomas M. _ 785 

Hibbard, W. I! 395 

Hibbard, William G.-43g, 522,611, 612, 649 

Hickey, Eliza Jane 762 

Hickey, Margaret 187 

Hickey, Michael C...IO8, 855, 860, 862, 865 

Mickey, P. J _ ...101, 875 

Hickling, William 264, 397, 412 

Hicks, John J . 746 

Hicks, W. H 705 

Hienerring, Martin 525 

Hieronimus, Fritz 576 

Higginbotham, H. N._ 290, 532, 789 

Higginbotham, Marie __ 789 

Higgins, Cecilia 488 

Higgins, Ebenezer 397 

Higgins, E. L. 585 

Higgins, J. J _ 584 

Higgins, J. P 383 

Higgins, J. S 687 

Higgins, Kelley & Co 506 

Higgins, Mary 398 

Higgins, Miss D. C 559 

Higgins, Van II 875 

Higginson, Charles M 210 

Higginson, C.N.. 430 

Higginson, George M ...210, 431 

High, George M __ 418 

High, James I 2I 8 

Mild, F. W ... 6l6 

Hildreth, James II _ioi, 102, 863, 

865, 866, 868, 870 

Hildrup, Jesse S _ 234, 568 

I lilger, Jenkins & F'axon 99 

Hill, Adelia M 385 

H, E. J 431 

Hill, F. H 

Hill, H. II . 6l6 

Hill, Henry I 44<) 

Hill, Horatio _ 412 

Hill, Jane A. -j,,s 

Hill,). M. ..; 666 

lill, Lysander __ 285 

Jill, Mrs. Thomas A . 418 6n 

Hill, Rev. Walter N 772 

Hill, Robert _ 317 

Hill.T.C : 604 

Hill, Thomas E 610 685 

Hill, Thomas W. 870 

iillabrant, W. I) 575,676, 679 

lilliard, Emma 222 

lilliard, H 5go 

lilliard. Howard & Morton 365 

lilliard, Laurin Palmer 222, 395 

iillock, Charles 870 

li'Is. C. M 422 

Idls, John II 409 

lills, Turner.& Co i O i 

iilton, J. C 620 

Hilton, Mrs. J. C __ . _ 519 

Iilton, Mrs. I.. E. 520 

Hiltz, Grace 637 

limmel, Rev. J. 819 

linckley, H. N _ 492 

Hinckley, N. B._ __ _. _ 210 

linckley, Samuel Taylor 395 

linckling, William 413 

lines, B. II . c(,n 



i6 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



Ilines, Emeline A - 564 

Mines. Paul A (173 

Ilinkinv |. !'.. 542 

Ilinnian, !'. A. 291 

Ilinman, Jane 1C 267 

llinm.ii), John 11. _. 705 

Hinners, Rev, I' (115 

Mime/, Rev. II. 819 

Hint/e \ Haker Company . 384 

Ilinl/.e, Robert A '. 384 

llipwall, \V. ().... 438 

llirsch, A.. 301 

I lirsch, Clemens 102, Si ,7 

llirsch, Rev. Emil G - - 

I 1 irschburger, A f><)4 

Hirschorn (L.) & Co - 5*2 

Ili-e, John 126, 875 

Hitchcock. Augusta 241 

Hitchcock, A. II. 366 

Hitchcock, Charles - c 

Hitchcock, C. I'..... _ _ 74? 

Hitchcock, James 

Hitchcock, j. M 4i>v 608, .sj.| 

Hitchcock Manufacturing Co, - 745 

1 lil -brock, Mrs. Charles 424 

1 litrhcock, Reuben A. .. ... 715 

Hitchcock, Rev. A. N.___ 

Hitchcock, Rev. Luke 393, 710, 792 

Hitchcock, Komyn . . . . 535 

Ilite, Jani'-v 802 

Hilt, Isaac R. 175,182 

iliit. |ohn ... 560, 562 

I liorstsbcrg. Max - 184 

llo.idlrv, . \lber I 1C. _ 515 

lloag, Mrs. G. C =r- 

I loan!, Samuel 13(1. 397, 558, 8l6, -17 

Hoard, Mrs. Sophronia Conant 396 

Hobart, Henry Martyn 532, 535 

llohbs, James 1!. 320, 410, 872, 873 

Ilobbs, lennie 298 

Hobbs, John O. 518 

iiobbs, "MIS. i. i: 853 

Hobson, K. 11 128 

llodgr, Mamie. 92 

H"dges, Fannie Louise ... 517 

I lodges, John 625 

Hodges, Leonard _. 455 

Hodges, Lothrop Smith 258, 798 

Hodgkins, Jefferson . 127 

llo.lnett, Rev. Thomas 1' 773. 77; 

I lodnot, Joseph O --- 817 

I loiUon, John K 320, (117 

lloelsciier, Sophia 501 

lloelter, Rev. Henry Louis 819, 820 

lloerber, J. I - 577 

lloerr, Daniel 617 

I loes, James II 186 

Hofllin, Mary 815 

Hoffman, A. G iGo 

Hoffman, Charles Fenno 397 

llolfman, Francis A. 244,458,84), 858 

Hoffman, Francis A., Jr. 846, 852, 855, 875 

Hoffman, George I) oS i 

Hoffman, John 239, 624 

Hoffman, Michael 395 

Hoffmann, Amelia 427 

lloffmire, Hattie.. 541 

I logan, Alice Agnes 152 

Hogan, C. L. 1' 836 

Ilog-aii, Daniel 115 

I logan, Ella 3(14 

I logan, Joseph 116 

I I "gaii, I ). 1C 59! 

1 logi-y. Julius II . 550 

I logg. ( M'orgina 492 

Ho.lirook, Ldmnnd S. . 252, 257 

Hoibrook, Rev. /.. S 711, 735 

llolbrooks, Elkins&Co 365 

Ilolcomb, II. F. 616, 624, 625 

Holcomb, \V. II 848 

llolilen, Cliarlrs C. !'.__ 101. 175, 182, 854 

Holden, Charles Newton 395, 429, 816 

Hoklen, Henry I 609 

lloldrn, lli-nn V 375,43' 

HtiMcn. Isaac II. |r 375 

Holden, J. II ". 785 



Ilolden, Nelson I!. 731 

1 1 olden, Rev. C. II 815 

Holdout, Jesse 264, 265 

Iloldn-.-' Live Stock Company 375 

Holland, Mrs. F. A '. 713 

Holland, Rev. Robert A. 522, 781 

Ilollingsworth, Emily 729 

I lollingsworth, Josephine .... _ 729 

Hollinshead. William 395 

llollister, lamest! '. 513,524, 528 

llollister, John H. 808 

llollister, Mrs. Angcline Peck - 396 

1 lollowell, Sarah T. ... 422 

Holly, L. G 320 

Holman, C. T 92 

llolman, Louisa C 6ll 

Holman, Si range A 720 

Ilolmboc, Leonhard 432 

Holmburg, C. P .; 829 

Holmes, Albert A. 357 

Holmes, C. I! 165, 166, 827 

Holmes, Daniel W _ 377 

Holmes, Ellen 123 

Holmes, Ellen A 422 

Holmes, Edward L 508, 526, 606 

Holmes, 1C. T 522 

Holmes, G. M. . -617, 6iS, 620, 624 

Holmes, George P. 404 

Holmes, M. II _ .. 422 

Holmes, Mrs. II. V 422 

Holmes, Rev. 1). J 793 

I ["lines, Samuel 840 

Holmes, William G.. _ 798, 799 

Holroyd, Elwyn Ashworth 551 

llolroyd, 1C. 1C ---S'S, 551 

Holt, 1). R. 804 

Holt, Elizabeth 450 

Holt, J. G 479 

Holt & Mason 365 

Holton, Albert 488 

Holton, Charles C. . . 738 

Holt/, Christopher 68, 423 

llol/heimer, Charles W. 524, 615 

Homer, P.. F._ 808 

Ilonan. William 875 

llonore, 11. II _ 95 

Honsiger, Julia __ 494 

Honsinger, ICmanuel _ 544 

Honsinger, Mrs. E _ 419 

H 001 1 , Edward 115 

II 1, Josephine 99 

Hood, Thomas 290, 522, 800 

Hoodless, Garrett 1 177 

Hooke, Moses. 156 

Hooker, H.M.. _ 612 

Hooker, Mrs. John W 396 

Ilooley, Richard M. 665 

Ib'oper, Henry -525, 6oS 

Ilopekirk, Mme. Helen 639 

Hopkins, C. R. _. 466 

Hopkins & Hasbrouck 461 

Hopkins, John Faulkner .... . 529 

Hopkins, John L. __ 601 

Hopkins, "Martha E 745 

Hopkins, Rev. Theodore . 809 

Hopkins. Sol. P 853, 875 

llopkinson, Thomas. _. 627 

Horner, I!. F _ 622 

Homer (Henry) & Co. 348 

HornerlW. H.) & Co 549 

Ilorsman, Helle 533 

Ilorton, Dennison 395 

llorion, 1C. M 617 

I lorton, George 1> 357 

Horton, J. M _ 522 

Horton William E 672 

Hosbury, John 619 

Hosfonl, Ella Adelaide 511 

Hoskins, William _ 431 

Hosmer, Charles Kingley 395 

Hosmer, R. W (61,466 

Hotchkin, C. II 618 

Hotckkin, C. Marion 622, SoS 

Hotchkiss, Charles T 101, 366 

llotlingrr. \. 855 

Hot/, Christoph 863, 864 



Hot/, F. C. ...518, 520, 52s. 521.. 528 

Hough. 1C. M 584 

Hough, George W -.428, 429 

Hough, Resell M - 334 

I loiighton, G. N --- 617 

Houghton, Rosa 1C 824 

Ifoughtcling, L 1 407, 418, 782 

Houghtcling, W. I). 365, 366, 840 

Hoiighteling. W. F. '"i 

Houston, I). C. 58 

llovey, Miriam Priest 826 

I low, Emma -- .- 506 

How, George M.. -.298,299, 302, 317, 320 

Howard, Anna Augusta 461 

Howard, C. II. 410 

Howard (Chailes 1I)& Co 709 

Howard, Emma 492 

Howard, 1C. I! -- ?i)<) 

Howard, F 622 

Howard, Fox & Co 130 

Howard, John Henry --34-I 

Howard, Gen. O. O 290 

Howard, Patrick J 102. 143, 865, 867 

Howard, Philip 395 

I toward, Talitha 93 

Howard, W. li. 130, 438, 6(9 

Howard, William Aldrich 511 

I 1 owe, Alonzo J.. 817 

Howe, Arthur j 5*4 

Howe, Arthur T 585 

Howe, Charles M 804 

I lowe, C. T 393 

Howe, Delia 161 

Howe, 1). \V 592 

Howe, F. A -. 320 

Howe, II. T.. ... 866 

ITowe, Mrs. Rose Victor liailey 396 

I 1 owe, Nellie 276 

Howe, O. H 541 

Howe, Timothy O 262 

Howell, C. G.'... 618 

Howell, J. C 616 

Howell, Mrs. John C. 625 

Howell, s. R.".._ 383 

Howell (S. R.) & Co.. 368, 383 

Howes, Oscar 817 

I lowison, ( leorge 617, 618 

I lowland, George 146, 150 

llowland, Isaac. 870 

Rowland, Walter Morton. 260 

Howling, James II 83 

Iloyne, Frank G .401,402,404 

Hoyne, James T. (01,403 

Iloyne, Mrs. Leonora M. Temple 396 

Iloyne, Philip A 406, 407, 568, 840, 

854, 864, S66, 86q 

Hoyne, Temple S 532, 533, 606 

Hoyne, Thomas. 101, 141, 150, 291, 394, 

'397, 4<>3.4H. 412, 413,415, 428, 

429, 478, 532, 585, 762, 816, 817, 

847, 86 1 

Hoyne, Thomas M .401, 402, 403, 404 

lloyi, A. W 544 

Hoyt, Douglas 439 

Hoyt, H. H. --35S, 449 

Hoyt, Isaiah F 564, 565 

Hoyt, James J _ 408 

Hoyt, James I _ 592 

Hoyt, Kate I _ 439 

Hoyt, Mary P.... 376 

Hoyt, Mrs. II. C 419 

Hoyt, Rev. Charles S. Soi 

Iloyt, William M _ Si, 542 

Hoyt (W. M.) Co 348 

lloxie, II. M _ 206 

Hoxie, John R 847 

Hradil, Barbara 544 

Ilubbard, Elijah _ 521 

I lulibard, 1C. K _ 522, 608 

Ilubbard, George W. 112 

Ilubbard, Gilbert 519 

Ilubbard, Gurdon Saltonstall 395, 787 

Ilubbard, Gurdon S., Jr... 585 

Ilubbard, Hiram W..." 619 

Ilubbard, James S __ 798 

Ilubbard, John M 345 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



Ilubbard, Moses _ 

ilubbard, Mrs. Anna Ballon 

Hubbard, Mrs. Julia F'lvira Smith 

Hubbard, N. T 

Ilubbard, Prudence E 

Ilubbard, Sarah J. 

Ilubbard, Thomas R 

Hubbard, William C, 

Hubbard, W. H. 

Hubbell, Jennie M. 

Hubbell, Orrilla J 

Hubberd, Cornelia A 

Iluber, John P 

lluber, Julius IT 

Huber, Sister M. Luitgardis 

Hubka, Frank 

lluck, Louis C 320 

Iluck, Mrs. Clara 629,631 

Hudson, Carrie _ 

Hudson, C. II. 

Hudson, E. V 

Hudson, L. S. _ 

Hudson, Mira. 

Hudson, P. S. 

I luffner-IIarken, Mrs. H 

Huffaker, T. S. 

Hughes, Elizabeth 

I lughes, Hendrick 

Hughes, James 

Hughes, John B 

I lughes & Johnson . ... 

Hughes, Thomas 414, 

Hughes, William T 

llughitt, Martha 

llughilt, Marvin, 74, 197. 335, 405, 535, 

llughitt, Mary . 

Hugunin, II. M 

II igunin, James R _ 395, 

1 lugunin, Leonard C. 

Hugunin, R __ 

Huidekoper. F _ 

Hulbert, Alvin 102, 

Hulbert, Rev. E. B. 

Hulburd, C. II. 

Hiding, A. H._ 624, 

Ilulitt, Moffit 

Hull, H. I 

Hull, M. B 360 

Hull, Mrs. E. H 

Hull, Perry A 

Hull, T. D 

Hull, Walter S. 102 S6o 

Ilult, Rev. A 

Hume, S. J 

Hummel, Ernst 

Humphrey, II. M 

Humphrey, James Oscar 

Humphrey, John 

Humphreys, Andrew A 

Hunt, Bela T. 

Hunt, Charles II. 

Hunt, Ed 

Hunt, George W. __ 

Hunt, James B. 

Hunt, Peter 

Hunt, S. W ." 

Hunt, WilliamC --43I, 525, 

Hunter, David _. 89, 

Hunter, George W 

Hunter, John S 

Hunter, Rev. J. W 

Hunter, Robert _ 

Hunting, A. 

Huntingdon, Henry A. 

Huntington, Agnes 

Huntington, Alonzo 

Huntington, Henry A __uo, 

Huntington, Sally Ann. 

Huntley, N. W _ 

Huntoon, George M. 

Hurd, Daniel 

Hurd, E. B 

Hurd, Eben C 97 

Hurd, Frank H _ 

Hurd, Harvey B 817 

Hurd, L 



Page 

395 

396 

396 

675 

37 

276 

395 
397 

609 
231 
54i 
354 
72 
72 
778 
869 
576 
632 
625 
596 

221 

59 

88 

625 

635 

543 

S3 

95 

397 

393 

692 

692 

563 

202 
79* 

74 
7<>4 
592 
397 
836 
826 
S66 
812 
320 
710 

590 
865 

375 
419 
268 

433 
871 
821 
848 

875 
796 

395 
875 
397 
395 
466 
125 
321 
627 
856 
321 
608 
395 
395 
827 
787 
402 
871 

592 
648 

397 
720 
1 66 
875 
397 
812 
762 

120 
402 
860 

359 



Page 

Hurd, Rev. E. L. 804 

Hurd, Stephen N 755 

Hurford, W. D ._ 321 

Huribert, William A. 673 

Hurlburt, E. R _ 456 

Hurlburt, H. 677 

Hurlburt, W. H 206 

Hurlbut, A. C ' 83 

Hurlbut & Edsall 698 

Hurlbut, Fred. J 698 

Hurlbut, Horace A 698, 798, 804 

Hurlbut (II. A.) & Co 698 

Hurlbut, J. H. 320 

Hurlbut, Miss S. E 419 

Hurlbut, Vincent L. 527,617, 618, 620 

Hurst, S. L 626 

Husband, John J 69 

Huse, F. G. _._ 526 

Hutchins, Albert E 755 

Hutchins, J. W 606 

Hutchins, Mattie 214 

Hutchinson, A. C 584 

Hutchinson, B. P 304, 441 

Hutchinson, Charles L. 290, 304, 

320, 417, 421, 422, 441, 506, 649, 650 

Hutchinson, James C 527 

Hutchinson, Mahlon 530 

Hutchinson, Mathew Maria Louis 530 

Hutchinson, O. K. ._ 295 

Hutchinson, Sarah F. 696 

Ilutchinson, Sir Edward Synge 374 

Hutchinson, Sophie S 374 

Hutchinson, William A 693 

Hutchison, L 609 

Hutt, Louis 377, 848, 865 

llutton, Tames. 68l 

Huyck, John H 618 

Hyatt, Henry Enos __ 395 

Hyde, Amos M _ 497 

Hyde, Anna Isabella _. 812 

Hyde, Asa D 449, 452 

Hyde, Benjamin 152 

Hyde, Charles Edwin 726 

Hyde, James Nevins 407, 508, 513, 

520, 522, 524, 526, 592 

Hyde, Rev. J. T 809 

Hyde, Thomas Worcester 816 

Hyland, David M _ _ 121 

Hyman, Gertrude 443 

Hyman, R. W., Jr 449 

Hynes, William J 244, 261,410, 

852, 864, 867, 871 

Ide, George O 257 

Imhoff, Anton 102, 866, 868 

Ingalls, Kufus ___ 592 

Ingals, E _ 527, 528 

Ingals, E. Fletcher 518, 519, 525, 528 

Ingersoll, Agnes 638 

Ingersoll, Annie K 625 

Ingersoll, L. D _ 684 

Ingersoll, O. P 866, 869 

Ingersoll, R. B 489 

Ingersoll, Robert G._ 565, 591 

Ingledew, L 449 

Ingraham, Granville S 349, 357 

Ingraham, Hiram F 357 

Ingraham, J. M 871 

Ingraham, Sereno Wright 540 

Ireland, John 290 

Irish, S. A. 366 

Irving, Rev. John _ __ 814 

Irving, William 210 

Irwin, Carrie _ 310 

Irwin, Edward . 694 

Irwin, David R 302 

Irwin, D. W... 290, 320, 331, 421, 650, 796 

Irwin, Jennie 428 

Irwin, S. A 565, 566 

Isaacson, Gabriel 74 

Isbell, Edgar 617 

Isham. Edward S._ _. 875 

Isham, Maria __ _ _ 697 

Isham, Ralph N 513, 827 

Ives, A. B 395 

Ives, George A 438 

Ives, J. M 691 



Page 

Ives, WilliamC 261 

Jack, Albert 616 

[ackman, Hazen 320 

Jacks, Rev. W. D. 805 

Jackson, Agnes ._ 82 

Jackson, Andrew 403 

Jackson, A. Reeves 515, 542 

Jackson, Benjamin V 207 

Jackson, C. E 492 

Jackson, Dwight 687 

Jackson, George M 403 

Jackson, Huntington Wolcott 257, 592 

Jackson, John P 257 

Jackson, John William 395 

Jackson, M _ 732 

Jackson, Rev. II. G 790 

Jackson, William. _ 848 

Jackson, W. G. 449 

lackson, William J Sol 

Jacob, N. W _ 672 

Jacobs, B. F" 418, 449 

Jacobs, FZlizabeth 731 

Jacobs, Gabriel 87 

Jacobs, Hiram T. 81, 618, 622, 625 

Jacobs, Lewis F 109, 590, 591 

Jacobs, O. B 864 

Jacobs, W 871 ' 

Jacobs, William V. 407, 586, 588 

Jacobsen, John 615 

Jacobson, Augustus 152, 237, 238, 547 

Jacobson, Isaac 243 

Jacobson, Judson S. - 547 

Jacobson, Rev. O _. 794 

Jacobson, S. L 523 

Jacobus, A. L __ 626 

Jacobus, D. L 816 

Jacobus, Judson Shardlow __ 547 

Jacobus, O. I 622 

Jaffray & Co. 720 

Jaggard, W. W 512, 524 

James, Florence. 652 

James, F'rederick S 72, 405, 462, 466, 

548, 616 

James, G. W 130 

James & Hammond 452 

James, J. J. 465 

James, josiah L. 264, 373, 452 

James, Kittie 119 

James, N. S.. 785 

James & Springer 452 

Jameson, John. 560 

Jameson, John A. 237, 290, 817 

Jameson, T. N. 627 

Jamieson, Egbert IOI, 856, 857, 861 

Jaquish, L. C 712 

Jansen, McClurg & Co 684 

Janssens, Bernard 102, 865 

Jardine, Anna D._ 493 

Jarman, W. S . 618 

Jay, Milton 539, 541, 542 

Jefferson, Hiram 395 

Jefferson, Thomas __ 103 

Jefferson, \V. J._ _ _ 691 

Jeffery, Edward T. 195, 335 

Jeffery, John B 101, 280, 622, 672, 

690, 847 

Jeggle, Rev. Meinhard.. 770 

Jenkins, Robert Edwin 257, 808 

Jenkins, Robert H 617 

Jenkins, Thomas R 393, 394, 677 

Jenkins, W. A 357 

Jenks, Edward W 512 

Jenks, Willet B 76 

Jennings, John 490 

Jennings, John D. 757 

Jennings & Savage 490 

Jenney, Schermerhorn & Bogart 178 

Jenney, W. L. B. 182 

Jensen, Paul Christen _ 530 

Jerome, Benjamin M 602 

Jerome, Irene 684 

Jerrems, William George __ 727 

Jerusalem, Joseph 579 

Tessup, J. R 694 

Jesup & Co 57 

Jevne, Christian 349 



IS 



SPECIAL INDIA. 



. 

Jewell. James S 51-,. ;j 4 

Jewell, \\illiamj 51,2 
ewett, Edwards Adams... 231 
cwett, John N 128, 411), 846, 874, 875 
ewett, Mrs. John N _. 424 

Jewctt & Root 483 

Jewett, Sherman S 483 

Johansen, A.. (1114 
ohn, James 616 

Johnson, A. B -856, 857 
ohnson, Andrew Gustave 389 

Johnson, Bettina 426 

Johnson, 1!. li 290 

Johnson, C. N 542 

Johnson, C. W 525 

Johnson, David . 617 

Johnson, Kdgar H 363 

Johnson, Edwin C 816, 817 

Johnson, Emily 88 

Johnson, Enos __ 827 

Johnson, !',. M. 126 

Johnson, E. P _ 690 

Johnson, Ernest V 87, 88 

Johnson, F. B 677 

Johnson, Fanny F. 277 

Johnson, Frank F. 680, 706 

Johnson. Frank S 512 

Johnson, George H. (.4, s- 

johnson, II. 865 

Johnson, Hans 483 

Johnson, Hattie E 70 

Johnson, Helen M 602 

Johnson, Henry W 735 

Johnson, Herbert B 264 
ohnson, Hosmer A. 156, 429, 430, 431, 
512,513,521, 522, 524, 526, 606, 

608, 609, 827 

Johnson, J. F 166 

Johnson, James I,. 377 

Johnson, John B __ 395 

Johnson, J. M - 732 

Johnson, Lathrop 397 

Johnson, Laura E 800 

Johnson, M. C. 

Johnson, Mary I). . 533 

Johnson, Matts 746 

Johnson, Mrs. (). K. 630, 631, 632 

Johnson & Metzler 746 

Johnson (Peter) & Co 690, 697 

Johnson, Peter C 692 

Johnson, Rev. Herrick. 522, 798, 802 

Johnson, R. M 624 

Johnson, Samuel __ 649, 657 

Johnson, Samuel F 77 

Johnson, T. __ 677 

Johnson, T. L 165 

Johnson, T. R 435 

Johnson, William E _ 847 

Johnson, William Herbert. 282 

Johnson, W. J _ 619 

Johnson, W. S. _ 411 

Johnson, W. T 875 

Johnston, Annie 761 

Johnston, J 834 

Johnston, John 449 

Johnston, J. P. 750 

Johnston, P. I) _. 598 

Johnston, Shepherd 146, 148 

Johnston, William J. 545 

Johnston, W. S. 4^4 

Johnston, William V. 77 

Jonas, Julius 101, io-j, .109 

Jones, A. M _. 234. 508, 702 

Jones, Annie W 422 

Jones, Benjamin _ 397 

Jones, I!. F. _ 17- 

Jones 625 

Jones, < 'Lira M._ 385 

Jones, Daniel A . 160, 295, 296, 320 

Jones, Ella 719 

Jones, Gabriel 412 

Jones, II. J. 126, 864 

Jones, II. \\Vbster 
ones, J. Blackburn 281 

John Howard,. 559 

Jones, John J 12,404 



Jones 
Jones 
Jones, 

Jones, 
Jones 
Jones, 
Jones, 
Jones 
Jones, 
Jones, 

Junes 

Jones 
Jones 
Jones 
Jones, 
Jones, 
Jones 
Jones 
Jones, 
Jones, 
Jones, 
Jones, 

Jones, William P 

Jones, Wilson 

Jordan, C. H 

Jordon, Kate 

Jordon, R. H 

Jorgensen, N. H ... 

Joseffy, Rafael 

Joslin, Zenana 

Joslyn, A. J _ 710, 

Journal of Commerce 

Joy, Diantha 

Joy, James F 2H), 

Judd, EdwardS. 

Judd, Helen. 

fudd, Mrs. N. P 



I. M. W 

(j. M. W.) \ Co 

J. Russell, i6(>, 405, 502, 535, 5(10, 
502. 564, 649, 

KilerK 

X Langhlins _ 

Mary E 

Mis, DeWitt C 

Mrs. Frances Maria Northam 

Mrs. J. C 

Mrs. Moses 

Nathaniel A 

Nathaniel Magruder _ - . 

Nathaniel S. 392, 

Perdue cS; Smalls 

Rev. Jenkin Lloyd 711, 

Richard 

\ Sellers 

- 513, 



S. J. . 
S. M. 



Stevens S 526, 

William 153, 39,, 816, 817, 

W. H... 



Judd, Mrs. W. M 

judd, Norman B. 128, 150, 560, 

562, 834, 837, 840, 842, 875 
Judd, S. Corning, 402, 404. 535, 556, 
SSS.S^ 

Judd, S. S 

Judson, Julia Isabella 

Judson, William B. 

Judson, William D 

Juergens & Anderson 

J uergens, Carolina 

Juergens, Paul 

Jung & Borchert _ _ 

Jussen, P. L. W 

Justrow, Sarah 

Juul, Rev. Ole 

Kabler, Conrad 

Radish, Leopold J 184, 526, 575, 

Kadlec, L. W 866, 

Kami, Constantine ._ 

Kainder, Lydia 

Kaiser, S 

Kales, Francis H 182, 184, 

Kammerer, Frank G. _. 314 

Kane, E. K .. 

Kane. Thomas. 290, 522, 

Karieher, Rev. J 

Karit/, II ! 

Karls, Theodore 69, 

Karpen. Adolph 

Kaspar. William 

Kasperek, \\enxel 

Kasthohn, !'.. I... 

Kastler, Adam P 

Kastler Brothers.. _ 

Kastler. Philip -025, 

Kaitendidt, C _", 

Kat/., Andrew . 

Kauffman, A. E 

Kan (Tina nn, Rev. Solomon 

Kavanaugh ,v Merriman _ 

Kay, William V 

Kav/er, Sam 

Keaeh, MelinaA 
Kean \ Lines 
Kean. S. A 
Kearney. Joseph J 
Kearney, 



69] 

450 

6 5 

854 
47S 
833 
625 

396 
6 3 I 

4ic 

39 
270 
6 5 
691 

825 
865 
458 
52 

374 
832 
836 
375 
684 
395 
75 
488 
626 
865 
f'39 
565 
816 

353 
262 

334 
558 
383 
522 

522 



.418, 



875 
539 
244 
386 

334 
749 
749 
749 
579 
59 
548 
822 
695 
578 
869 

875 
493 
751 
290 
320 
412 
798 

770 
820 
865 
550 
870 
871 

87 
724 
724 
724 
501 

79 
522 
830 
116 
505 
647 

245 
745 

875 
751 



Ke.mis. John J 871 

Keating, Edward f - 108 

Keats, James 617, 618, 619 

Keek, Biihmann iV Ilansen 740 

Keek. I. Martin 74 

Kedzic", lolinH. 875 

Keefe, Thomas II 59, 588 

Keeler, Bronson C 684 

Keeley, Michael.... 410, 416, 856, 868 

Keen, B. I - 478 

Keen, Joseph 128 

Keen (W. B.) & Co ,. 684 

Keenan, John 243 

Keene, M. J -- 410 

Keener, W. T - 554 

Keeney, Bertha 487 

Keeney, Charles P 454 

Keeney, James F 454 

Keep, Albert 128 

Keep, Frances 424 

Keep, Frederic A , 392 

Keep, Henry 780 

Keep, William B. 393 

Keese, (julia E 302 

Keel on, Theodore A 515 

Kehoe, Edward 856 

Kehoe, John \Y._ 276 

Kehoe, Michael 395 

Kehoe, Miles --847, 856, 875 

Kehoe, P - I()I 

Keil, M.-.- ..' (.17 

Keith, A _ 609 

Keith, Abijah ..--. oos, dm) 

Keith, Charles II ... 634 

Keith, Edson 152, 233. 392, 393, 404, 

421, 535, 644, 649, 650 
Keith, Elbridge G...29O, 406, 407, 409, 
418, 009, 610, 787, 848, ,sii,4, 

86S, 

Keith iV Faxon 71(1 

Keith, Henry A. --4S, .p,, 

Keith, Osborne Rensselaer 68, 717 

Keith, S. A. 649 

Keith, W. Scott 392 

Keller, Daniel- 376 

Keller, Frederick 739 

Keller, George _ 867 

Keller, John 359 

Keller, Maria . 426 

Keller, Rev. J. J 615 

Keller, Rev. William 793 

Kelley, Adelia 41)1) 

Kelley, Asa P ,_ 379, 506 

Kelley, David 438, 506 

Kelley, Charles B _ 506 

Kelley, James 395 

Kelley, John 869 

Kelley, John W. 335 

Kelley, J. P 649, 650 

Kelley, Mans <Si Co 506 

Kelley, Rathbone & Co . 379 

Kelley, Rev. C. V 782 

Kelley, Waller ].. 524 

Kelley, William E 379 

Kelley, Wood & Co _ 506 

Kellogg, A. N 412 

Kellogg, Artemus B.. 395 

Kellogg, A. \V 827 

Kellogg, Charles P --44, 439, 862 

Kellogg (Charles P. ) & Co 722 

Kellogg, Clara Louise 643 

Kellogg, E. II 788 

Kellogg, Fanny. 633 

Kellogg, W. II 233 

Kelly, Henry Dennis 481 

Kelly, James 868 

Kelly, James J. 388 

Kelly, John 872 

Kelly, J. W. D 782 

Kelly, M. ] 673 

Kelly, M. W 614 

\clly, Nettie 601 

\elly. Patrick nj 

Celsey, Chauncey 206 

Kemp, Amos 627 

Kemp, George W. . f,Si 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



Page 

Kcmpton, Elizabeth K 377 

Kendall, Martha 384 

Kennard, Rev. J. Spencer 812 

Kennedy, David J. 584 

Kennedy (F. A.) Company 328 

Kennedy, J. H. -. 627 

Kennedy, Rev. John E 771 

Kennedy, Robert B 875 

Kennedy, Robert Lenox. 467 

Kennedy, William D._ 101 

Kennedy, \V. W 108, 115 

Kennicott, Ada _ 422 

Kennicott, Joseph E 397 

Kennicott, Mrs. Caroline Chapman 396 

Kennicott, Mrs. M. A 422 

Kenney, A. \V. 422 

Kenny, Robert 856 

Kent, B. F 466 

Kent, Ellen 99 

Kent, Sidney A 320, 334, 441 

Kent, W. V.. _.. 501 

Kenyon, IX B _ 125, 590 

Kenyon(II. O.) & Co 679 

Keogh, S. R 870 

Kepler, J. \V._ _ 339 

Kerber, Henry 84, 101, IO2 

Kercheval, Alice 226 

Kerrhevul, I,. C 836 

Kercheval, Mrs. Eelicite Hotchkiss 396 

Kril.x.t, \V. 1). 61, 449, 782 

Kern, Charles 239,403,404, 858 

K email, Francis 872 

Kerney, William Biddle 566 

Kerr (Charles H.) & Co 711 

Kerr, Emily E. 94 

Kerr, Samuel 618 

Kerr, William 617, 618 

Kerr (William) & Co. __ 94 

Kerr, W. R 465 

Kerrott, E. M 693 

Kersten, George... 247, 869 

Kcrstens, Fred 868 

Kcrsting, Henry C 868 

K easier, Peter 308 

Kester, P. J 542, 544 

Keti-ham, J. P 366, 798 

Ketcham, Mrs. J. P 419 

Kettlestrings, Joseph ._ 397 

Kettelle, George II 245 

Ketter, Anna _ 732 

Kettner, M 617 

Kcdzie, John 89 

Kedzie, John H. 407 

Keyes, Rollin A. 407 

Keystone Bridge Co 130, 131 

Kickhom, Marie 573 

Kidder, U. B 611 

Kiefer, Elizabeth 401 

Kiefcr, P 525 

Kiernan, J. G. 513 

Kilbourne, E. A 409 

Kiley, Lee M. _. 695 

Kilianus, Rev. Father.. 768 

Killen, George S 703 

Killick, James E 395 

Kilmer, Henry 120 

Kilmore, D. H _ 617 

Kilt, Nicholas 694 

Kimball, Charles P 403, 409 410 744 

KimbaIl(C. P.)&Co. .' 743 

Kimball, George F 100, 744 

Kimball, Harlow 397 

Kimball, H. M. ... 848 

Kimball, J. M 743 

Kimball, Lucia 853 

Kimball, Mark 394, 861, 863, 866 

Kimball, Mrs. W. W 5 i g 

Kimball, Peter 744 

Kimball, Rev. John 808 

Kimball, R. II. ~ 544 

Kimball, R. W 544 " 

Kimball, Walter 397 rSe 

Kimball, W. W 650! 827 

Kimbell, Martin N _ 395] 837 

Kimbell, Spencer F. __" 

Kimberly, Edmund Stoughton 854 



Page 

Kimberly, John L. 592 

Kimberly, Mrs. Maria Theresa Ellis 396 

Kimblock, W. E. 626 

Kindred, Martha J. 739 

King, Andrew T 372 

King, Charles 617, 869 

King, Fred W -. 372 

King, Henry W 522, 526, 607, 608, 

609, 612, 649, 650, 721, 798, 804 

King (Henry W.) & Co 681, 721 

King Iron Bridge Company 130 

King, J. A -827, 875 

King, John Blair Smith 532, 534 

King, J. C 584 

King, Kellogg & Co. 720 

King, Mark ._ - 673 

King, Mrs. Henry W 424 

King, Oscar M 515 

King, Philo R 535 

King, Rev. W. E 793 

King, Rockwell 480 

King, Sarah M. _ 459 

King, Tuthill 290, 395, 522, 802 

King, William H 146, 591, 846, 875 

King, Wendell R.. 387 

Kingman, Charles II 442 

Kingsbury, Mrs. Jane Creed Stebbins.. 396 

Kingsbury, Nancy 328 

Kingsland, Abraham W 407, 502 

Kingsland, George __ 492 

Kingsland, Jackson & Co \()l, 492 

Kingsland, J. D 502 

Kingsland & Munn ._ 492 

Kingsland, M. S 320 

Kingsland, P. C. 492 

Kingsley, E. B 626 

Kingsley, Helen _ 418 

Kingsley, Helen M 454 

Kingsley, S. W 857 

Kingston, John Tabor 395 

Kink-head, William 320 

Kinley, J. R . 526 

Kinney, Elijah 395 

Kinney, Helen A. 602 

Kinney, Joel A. 121, 125 

Kinney, O. S _ _. 72 

Kinney, Mary 345 

Kinsella, F. D 410 

Kinsella, Rev. G. A 770 

Kinsella, Rev. William T 771 

Kinsella, Thomas 560 

Kinsley, Frances 304 

Kinsley, II. M 65 

Kinsman, Charles 720 

Kinsman & Holman 719 

Kinzie, John H 412, 816, 836 

Kinzie, Mrs. Robert Allen 396 

Kinzie, Walter H 673 

Kiolbassa, Peter 563, 875 

Kipley, Joseph 108 

Kippax, John R 535, 684 

Kirby, Abner 377 

Kirby-Carpenter Company 377 

Kirchner, John A 735 

Kirk, Alfred 150, 616, 808 

Kirk, C. W 622 

Kirk, James A 102,852 

Kirk, MacVeagh & Co 589 

Kirkland, Alexander. .74, 132, 614, 866, 869 

Kirkland, Eliza Maria 132 

Kirkland, Elizabeth. 684 

Kirkland, James. 132 

Kirkland, Joseph _ no, 235, 565 

Kirkman, M. M 440 

Kirkwood, A. J.. 8 1 

Kirkwood, A. J _ 480, 487 

Kirkwood (A. J.) & Co. 487 

Kirkwood & Dunklee 487 

Kirkwood, Thomas S 392, 480, 487, 622 

Kirkwood, T. S. & A. J 487 

Kirton, I). M. 871 

Kirwan, John 80 

Kistler, Louis 247 

Kistler, Rev. A. II 793 

Kiss, V _ 524, 615 

Kite-hell, Rev. II. D 809 



Page 

Kitchen, C. A 542 

Kitchen, Sarah . 351 

Kitt, A. Marie _.. 751 

Kittredge, Esther Haslett 683 

Kittredge, Rev. A. E. .. 290, 522, 6n, 

612, 797, 798, 804 

Klassen, Christina. 112 

Klehm, G. C 875 

Klein, Leona 92 

Klein, Martin C _ 341 

Klein, Rev. Philip 823 

Klein, Simon . 718 

Kleinecke, Hermina 81 

Kleinschmidt, John 626 

Kley, John A 492, 493 

Kley, Mrs. J. A _ 625 

Klicka, Joseph 426 

Klimes, Albert 186 

Klinck, Dwight 617 

Kline, John V ,. 247 

Kling, Christina 823 

Kling, Rev. John Louis 823 

Klingenberg, Anne 742 

Klingston, Charles 291 

Klok'ke, E. F. C .108, 239, 855, 860 

Klokke, F. C - 134 

Kluge, Clara 349 

KIupp, Gregory 875 

Knab, Louisa 821 

Knapp, Charles Hunt 202 

Knapp, Elizabeth _ 82 

Knapp, Sister M. Frances 778 

Knapp, Mrs. S. II 519 

Knapp, Roena 546 

Knerr, George 870 

Knickerbocker, H. W. 395 

Knickerbocker, John C 846, 875 

Knickerbocker, John J 101, 393 

Knickerbocker, Joshua C 246, 247 

Knight, Clarence A.. 103, 871 

Knight, Frank __6i8, 625 

Knight, John 103 

Knight, John B 404, 449 

Knight & Leonard 684, 690 

Knight, Sarah - 625 

Knight, William S 393 

Knights, Darius 397 

Knisely, Abraham 82, 116, 495 

Knisely (A) & Co 495 

Knisely, John A 495 

Knisely & Miller 495 

Knisely, Richard 495 

Kniskern, W. B 677 

Knobelsdorff, Ernst 1 615 

Knoed ler, Caroline 495 

Knoll, W. F. _. 535 

Knopf, A. C 102 

Knorr, Charles A. 633 

Knowles, M. 695 

Knowles, Rev. John H 649, 780, 783 

Knowlton, Rev. W. F 783 

Knox, Edward B 585, 586 

Knox, James S. . 798 

Knox, John K 258 

Knox, J. S._ 156 

Knox, J. Suydam 522 

Knox, Kittie L 262 

Knox, W. M 706 

Knutson, Agnes R 74 

Koblitz, A 617 

Koch, C -_ 694 

Koch, C. R. E.-.iog, 542, 553, 544, 590, 591 

Koch, Edward 593 

Koch, Franz 867 

Koch, Henry 422 

Koch, Laura 579 

Kock, G. II 649 

Koehler, Annie M. (Does) -. 120 

Koehler, C 856 

Koehler, Clifford P 120 

Koehler, Jacob A 120 

Koeliler, George 120 

Koehler, Peter I2O 

Koehler, Rev. Leonard Charles 820 

Koelling, Adolph 640 

Kocnig, F. . 820 



20 



SPECIAL INDEX 



jtoenig, JoliB 523 

Koerner, (iustavus 558 

Koerner, Rev. Charles 821 

Koerner, Rev. Christian. 

Kohlmann, Herman 615 

Kohn, Abraham 731 

Kohn, Bertha 751 

Kohn iV Brothers 720 

Kohn, IX A Sdj 

Kohn, Jennie .. _ 751 

Kolm, Nellie _ 301 

Kohlsaat, Christian C 182,418, 814 

Kohlsaat. Herman II 70, 290, 362 

Kohlsaat, Mrs. C. C 419 

Koning, Meis _ _ .|Si> 

Koopmans, Rev. C. - 771 

Koplien, Frederick 746 

Korn, Ci. K._ 855 

Kost, Mary -7 

Kossakowski, Mathew 1'ankracy 531 

Koupal-I.usk, Mrs. M _ 422 

Koupal, Marie ._ 422 

Kowalski, Joseph Henry 642 

Kraemer, j. II 615. 616 

Krainer. 1'hilip. 325 

Krans, Adolph 146, 867, >;i 

Kraus, Mary 702 

Kreigh, David 320, 334. 362 

Kreigh, C. \V. 320 

Kressmann, F'red OS(> 

Kretzinger, George Washington ...218, 270 

Kreysler, C. K. __ (117 

Krick, George 866 

Kroeschell, Albert 487 

Kroeschell Brothers 4*7 

Kroeschell. Charles 487 

Kroeschell, Herman, Jr. 487 

Kroeschell, Herman, Sr 487 

Kroeschell, Otto 487 

Kroll, George W. __ 871, 875 

Krueger, - S 2o 

Krueger, Theodore. 485 

K rug (Sister) M. Teresa 778 

Kruger, Augusta __ 749 

Kubicek, Ferdinand iSC> 

Kubin, Otto. .185, 186 

Kucffner, William K. 848 

Kuh. Edwin J._ 524 

Kuh & Leopold _ 720 

Ktihart, Louis 627 

Kulil, John 395 

Kuhn, Fanny 625 

Kuhn, J. 625 

Kuhncn, Nicholas _ _ 746 

Kuhns, F'rank C 358 

Kuhns, William J . 358 

Kiinkel Brothers... 652 

Kunz, Elizabeth Clara 531 

Kuppenheimer, I! 524, 722 

Kuppenheimer (B.) & Co 722 

Kuppenheimer, Louis B 409 

Kurr, Andrew 869 

Kurt/ Brothers & Bnhrer 480 

Kurt/, Frederick W. _ 480,481 

Kurtz, George 481 

La Itaume, Felix _ 5110 

l.alierg, M. A 869 

Lackey, John _ 848 

Ladue, Theodore F 619 

Laflin, George II (>2o, 657, 796, 854 

I.aflin, George W 655 

Laflin, Marie L 440 

Laflin, Matthew 395, 862 

I ..iLMimarsino, G. B _ 615 

Laguische, M. 614 

Laing, Cuthbert \Vard 288 

Lalor, J. J.... 684 

Lamar, L. Q. C 402 

Lamb, Catharine 98 

Lamb, Charles A 411 1 

Lamb, Edwin L. 480 

Lamb, F. R _ 622 

Lamb, Horace _ 621) 

Lamb, John 255 

Lamb, Lovina W 98 

Lamb, Matthew .. ... 156 



Lamb, P. B 

Lamberson, D. II _ 

Lambert, Charles E._ 

Lambert, F. X 

I.ambin, Frederick II. J 

Lambrecht, Rev. Gotthelf 

I.ampert, Rev. B 793, 

Lampman, Henry S 

I.amson, L. J. _ 

I .:l]]<lrl!, lohll K. .. 



l.amlon, Albert W 

Lane, Albert G 150, 

1 ane, Charles II ._ 622, 

Lane, Elisha 

1 ane, FiWia I!. ._ 

Lane, Frank B 

Lane, ( icorge W ._ 

I ane. lames 395, 

Lane, Joseph S 

Lane, Nellie M. 

Lane & Rock 

Lang, Joseph ._ 

1 .angdon, Annie 

Lange Bros . 

I ange, Leonard A __ 

Langc, ( Iscar G 395, 

I.:tn^e, Rev. L. 

Langson, R. K _ 

Lanigan, John no, jSj, 

I, aning, Charles Elmer 532, 533, 

Lanlin, Maggie 

Laparle, W. B 

Lapp. Peter .. 

I .appi n , R ichard . 

Larimer, Joseph M 

Larimore, lames W. 150, 

Lark, l^li/.abeth Ann ... 

I.arkin, F'rank 

Larkins, Robert 

Larminie, S. II 

Larmon, Marion 

Lamed, \. II. 

Larned, Fid win C 522, ('- 

Larned, ]'.. P 

Larned, Mis. F'rancis 

Larned, Mary __" 

Larned, Mrs. Walter C. 

Larned, WalterC. ..... 

Larrabee Brothers 

Larrabee, Charles 1). 

Larrabee, Charles R 102,782, 785, 

829, 861 

Larrabee, Miss E. W 422 

Larrabee, Mrs. Mary Margaret Haight, 3110 

Larrabee, Rev. Edward A 785. 786 

Larrabee, William I) _. 468 

Larrabee, William M _ 397 

Larrabee, W. R 126 

Larsen, Charles C 863 

Larsen, Tver _ 483 

Larsen, Lars I 483 

Larson, Sophia Charlotte . 72 

LaSalle, Chevalier 412 

Lashore, Susan _ 329 

re, L _ 614 

Latchum, Alfred _ 627 

Lathrop, Bryan 449 

Lathrop, J. L 210 

Lathrop, Mrs. Bryan 424 

Lathrop, Samuel 395 

Lauer, Laura G 692 

Laughlin, Edward _. 112 

Laughlin, William M 857 

Lauman, J. C, 266 

Launder, William H 619 

Lauth, Benjamin 478 

Lavezzi, G 615 

Law, Annie ._ 692 

Law. Robert 657, 866 

Lawinski, Sylvester 653 

Lawler, F'rank 101, IO2, 143, 863, 

866, 868, 870 

Lawrence, Charles B. 257, 409, 847, 864 

Lawrence, F'dimmd Clark 222 

Lawrence, F". F d|<, 

Lawrence, J. E , 865 



Page 
626 
636 

206 

I'M 
426 
822 
794 
395 
321 
761 
dm 
857 
S27 
626 
397 
247 
395 
398 
S9I 
238 
97 



546 
479 
819 
535 
586 
537 

625 
614 
622 

397 
478 
703 

83 
673 
382 
320 

96 
376 
836 
284 
419 
284 
424 
422 
468 



Page 

Lawrence, |. Frank 182, 875 

Lawrence, j. W 617 

Lawrence, Rev. William Mangam 8:2 

Lawson, Iver - 846,875 

I.awson, 1'ennilla - 248 

Lawson, Victor F 700, 701, 706 

Lawton, F'.dgarC.. 5 2f> 

Lay, Albert Tracy - 37" 

Layng, ]. D <M9 

Leach, Rev. William 11 793 

Lcahe, William - 156 

I.eake, |oscph H...234, 235,290,568, 

592, 626 

I.eander, John 695 

Learned, Rev. J. C 711 

Leal Herman, Abraham 837 

Leave!!, Sarah W. 306 

Leavenworlh, Jesse II _ 397 

I.eavenworth, Mrs. Elvira C. .... 396 

.. M. W 875 

Le.ivitt, S. 532, 533 

Leavitt, W. II 584 

LeBailley, Celia F 326 

Lebolski, John 847 

Lcchler, Rev. G. W 615 

Lechner, Rev. A 786 

Ledochowski, Napoleon. .422, 631, 632, 639 

Leduc, J 6:4 

Lefens, T. [. 320 

Leffingwell, Rev. C. W. 7:1 

Lee, Benjamin P 672 

Lee, Franklin 128 

irorge F' 128 

Lee, George P 780 

I-ee, J 733 

Lee, Jennie 83 

Lee, John 128 

Lee, Oliver II :2O, 804 

Leeb, Henry 579 

Leech, Monroe S. . 512 

1 .res, Edward 314 

Lehman, Edwin 91 

Lehman, George 91 

Lehmann, Alfred A. 741 

Lehmann, F'rederick 740 

Lehrkamp, Frederick 617 

l.eidel, Rev. J. - - 820 

Leiter, Levi Z 404, 405, 4:1, 421, 

44:, 462, 609 

l.cith, Alexander 522 

I.eith, A. J 649 

Leland, M. J 338 

I. eland. Warren F 357, 358, 650 

1. email, Henry W 278, 280, 422, 875 

Lemon, Phcebe J - 540 

LeMoyne, John V. . 402, 827, 846, 847, 858 

LeMoyne, W. M. . 404 

I.engaclier, Jacob 101, 102, 143,854 

Lennox, John F'. 870 

Leonard, Cynthia 625 

Leonard, I). 800 

Leonard, George II. 262 

I .eonard, James __ 486 

Leonard, Mrs. lames 419 

Leonard, Raymond Lockwood 5:0, 

617, 829, 830 

Leonard, Rev. J. H. --829, 830 

Leone, J 615 

Leopold & Austrian 63 

".eopold, Charles M 409 

.eplae, Rev. M _. _. . 777 

_e Roy & Co. _ 94 

.esch, Henry _ _. 6:6 

:.eslie, Lillie R 691 

.ester, Helen _ 680 

.ester, Henry 121 

.ester, J. J. "... 320 

'.ester, John T _ 649 

.ester (John T.) & Co 680 

.etcher, James H _ 515 

Letton, Theodore W. _. 468 

,etz, F'rederick 395 

.evi, Abram 627 

Levy, Matilda 516 

.ewald, Frank 751 

Lewis, Anna 630 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



21 



Page 

Lewis, A. M. 344 

Lewis, H. Z 386 

Lewis, I. J - 461 

Lewis, James R 617 

Lewis, Jennie -- 127 

Lewis, Joseph B 619 

Lewis, 'Leslie. _. 150, 619 

Lewis, Margaret _ 793 

Lewis, Nichols 88 

Lewis, Ransom .. 591 

Lewis, S. B 505 

Lewis, William 631, 632, 636, 638 

Libby, Archibald McNeill .757 

Libby, Arthur A.__ 83, 409, 757 

Libby, C. P._. 49 

Libby, McNeill & Libby 757 

Libefe, Mathilda 188 

Lichtenberger, Charles 617 

Lieb, Clara A _ 739 

Lieb, Hermann 126, 134, 239, 855, 856, 857 

Liebenstein, Albert _-- 738 

Liebenstein, Joseph 738 

Liebenstein & Co 740, 741 

Liebling, Emil 631, 632, 633, 636 

Lightner, Milton C 315, 320 

Lightner, Kev. C. I 766 

Lill & Diversey 578 

Lill, William 575, 802 

Lilla, Jacob 775 

Lilies Manufacturing Co . 742 

Lilies, Thomas G 742 

Lillie, James 87 

l.illie, Susan I'earson 537 

Lilly, I. N 529 

Lilly, Thomas A... 529 

Lincoln, Abraham 834,841, 842 

Lincoln, David II. 320 

Lincoln, Robert T. 258, 413, 797, 852, 871 

Lincoln, Solomon 726 

Li ml, Dallas 688 

Line!, Sylvester _ 395 

Lindauer, Benjamin 724 

Liml.-uier Bros. & Co. 724 

Liudberg, Lmil 694 

Lindburg, Gust 70 

Linde, C. P. G 68 

Lindemann, Charles _ 491 

l.inderbery-, C. L. . 875 

Lindgren, John R __ 441 

Lindley, Daniel A. .. 304 

Lindsey, William L 586 

Lindsley, Hattie __ 152 

Lindstrom, Andrew 617 

Lines, David J 745 

Lines, Henry 745 

Linn, John A. IO2 

Linn, William R 303 

Linscott, A. 1 864 

Linscott, A. N _._ 865 

Linsted, 1). B. 622 

Linstrom, Rev. <). !"._ _ _ 794 

Linton, Mary L. 89 

Lipe, Clark 175, 182 

Lippert, Christiana 425 

Lippincott, C. E 858 

Lithgow, Charles H 869 

Litten, Nelson I 808 

Little, Luella V __ 150 

Little, Rev. Arthur 807, 829 

Livermore, Mrs. I). I". 711 

Livermore, Rev. D. 1' 591, 711 

Livesy, Rupert James 551 

Livingston, Jacob 506 

Livingston, Simon. _ 95 

Ljunggren, Emil 694 

Lloyd, Charles C 113 

Lloyd, Elisha Emmons 113 

Lobingier, Rev. Henry Schell 818 

Lochner, Kev. Louis F. J 821 

Lock. Mrs. William.. 396 

Lock, William. _ 397 

Locke, B. B. W 620 

Locke, Mrs. Clinton 424 

Locke, Rev. Clinton 319, 521, 522, 783 

Lockwood, Elizabeth D 455 

Lockwood, H. T 586 



Page 

Lockwood, L Le Grand... 223 

Lockwood, John J 77 

Lodding, Charles S. 182 

Lodding, Frederick 101, 102 

Loder, Caroline C 740 

Loeb, Betty 582 

Loeb, Emma 301 

Loeber, Matilda L 514 

Loeber, Rev. C. A.. 615 

Loehr, Lizzie 426 

Loewenthal, Berthold _ 182, 866 

Logan, Frank G._ 69,311, 320 

Logan, John A 585, 590, 591, 705, 

846, 847, 848, 850, 871, 874 

Logan, Rev. C. A. 627, 793 

Logan, Robert E 848 

Lomax, John A 573, 875 

Lombard, J. L. 449 

Lonergan, Rev. Arthur P 768 

Lonergan, Thomas 856, 857 

Long, D _ 866 

Long, James 837 

Long, John Conant 456 

Long, John II 513, 547 

Long, William II 570 

Longenecker, Joel M 280 

I.ongley, Albert 361 

Longley, William M 806 

Loomis (C. F.) & Co 334 

Loomis, Henry. 395 

Loomis, Horatio G 394, 395 

Loomis, John Henry 150, 151 

Loomis, John Mason _ 592, 608, 609 

Loomis, Mrs. J. Mason 608 

Loomis, Mason B., Jr _. 239 

Loomis, Sarah Jane (93 

Loranger, Joseph . 732 

Lord & Bushnell Company 376 

Lord, Edgar A. 372, 376 

Lord, G. S 546 

Lord, Owen & Co 546 

Lord, Rev. Willis 802 

Lord, Smith & Co 546 

Lord, Stoutenburgh & Co. ... 121, 546 

Lord, Thomas 546 

Lorenz, Reinhardt 102,852, 865 

Lorimer, Rev. George C 449, 8n, 813 

Lorimer, Mrs. G. C. 419 

Loring, Frank L. 271 

Loring, Malek A. 357 

Loring, Mrs. S. D 419 

Loring, Virginia _. 790 

Loud, Edward DeCormis.. 305 

Louderback, D. H 598 

Lounsberry, George E 618, 619 

Love, J. M 69, 677 

Love, Thomas 481 

Love, William A. 867 

Love, W. H 584 

Lovejoy, Elijah P 834 

Lovejoy, Harriet L 380 

Lovejoy, Owen 234,842, 843 

Lovejoy, Sarah J 506 

Lovejoy (W. B.) & Co. 720 

Lovell, Mrs. Madora Hugunin 396 

Lovering. Hattie G. 237 

Low, E. T. 616 

Low, F. _"_ 848 

Low, James E. 545, 546 

Lowe, E. J. 624 

Lowe, H. E 439 

Lowe, William 617 

Lowell, B. F _. 668 

Lowenthal, B 404 

Lower, W. H. 591 

Loyd, Alex 78 

Ludington, Ellen 380 

Ludington, Harrison 380 

Ludington, Wells & Van Schaick Co. .. 380 
Ludlam, Reuben ...440, 532, 533, 534, 608 

Ludlow, George W._ _ 730 

Lud low (George W.) & Co 729 

Ludwig, Sister M. Nepomucene 778 

Luette, Rev. Fridolinus 770 

Lull, A. G. 626 

Lull, Louis J _ 860 



Page 

Lund, Edward 694 

Lund, O ' 694 

Lundgren, Leonard 538 

Lundh, Charlotte 152 

Lundquist, Eva C 691 

Lundt, F.William H 491 

Lunt, E. _ 521 

Lunt, Mrs. Fannie Goodwin. 631, 632 

Lunt, Orrington_. (iS, 608, 791 

Lunt, Preston & Kean 589 

Lussan, Zelie de__ 648 

Lutz, Annie 85 

Lutz, Isabel.. __ 740 

Lyckberg, Samuel 694 

Lydston, G. Frank. 515, 516, 543 

Lydecker, G. J. 291 

Lydston, J. D _ .. 543 

Lyke, John W ...102, 869, 871 

Lyman, Daniel 397 

Lyman, David Brainard 254, 258 

Lyman, E. W 465 

Lyman, Harriet L. 156 

Lyman, Henry M. 508, 518, 522, 527 

Lyman, Mrs. Sarah Alexander 396 

Lynch, John .122, 125 

Lynch, Julia 92 

Lynch, Lawrence L 684 

Lynch, Thomas 101, 143 

Lyndon. John H 629 

Lynn, E. A. 857 

Lynn, James 865 

Lynn, W. R. 86 

Lyon, Addie 100 

Lyon, David J._ 866 

Lyon , George II.. .. 542 

Lyon, George M 402 

Lyon, George W. 634 

Lyon & Healy 629, 634 

Lyon (Lester) & Co. 679 

Lyon, Mary Swynburne _. 353 

Lyons, J. W. _ 126 

Lyons, Rev. Daniel 770 

Lyons, Rev. M _ _ 776 

McAllister, Jesse 800 

McAllister, W. K 238,245, 832 

McArthur, Cuthbert 86, 87 

McArthur, John 86, 87, 554, 556, 

558, 613, 614 

McArthur, Lewis L __ 542 

McAuley, Daniel R 196, 449 

McAuley, George 76 

McAuley John T 76, 101, 102, 592, 824 

McAuley, Michael 102, 865 

McAuliff, John 847 

McAvitt, Bridget __ 762 

McAvoy, John H 101, 143, 402, 

404, 576, 622, 854, 857 

McBride, Catharine _. 642 

McCabe, J. E. _. 596 

McCabe, Thomas _. 397 

McCaffery, John 101, 102,441, 585 

McCagg, Ezra B 182, 184, 390, 

392, 413, 526, 608, 609, 649 

McCagg, G. B 429 

McCailum, Eliza 798 

McCallum, Jennie A 250 

McCailum, W. C.._ 798 

McCarthy, Lillian C _ _ 211 

McCarthy, Owen 395, 854 

McCartney, Joseph A 95 

McCann, Rev. M 777 

McCauley, Henry 837 

McCauley, James 854 

McCauley, John 868 

VIcChesney, J. H 817 

\IcChesney, R _ 182 

VIcChesney, Rev. S. M... 789' 

VlcClory, Henry 271 

VlcClory, P 101 

VIcClowry, Patrick _ 854 

McClellan, A. H .... 75 

McClellan, G. A 677 

McClellan, George B 844 

McClellan, George R 616, 624 

McClellan, John I 258 

McClenthan, Frank 697 



22 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



Page 

McCIernand, John A 841 

McClintock, James 395 

MeCIory, Rev. Augustin 768 

Mci'lure, Esther 732 

Mel 'lure, Rev. J. H 710, 804 

Mel.' lure, Josiah E 395 

McClure, \V. <'.. 870 

McClurg, Alexander (.'.. 413, 585, 

586, 649, 650, 782, 804, 873 

McConnell, Charles II 666, 667, 1,72 

Mci 'ounell, J._ 69, 449 

Mc< onuell, John S.__ 666 

M. ' unnell, Mrs. Charlotte McGlashan 396 

McConnell, Samuel 1'. 402, 405, 423 

Mi'i'onville, Hugh 254, 255 

McCormick, Cyrus II., 84, 89, 290, 309, 
402, 418, 490, 655, 676, 709, 801, 802, 844 

McConnick Cyrus II., Jr 439, 522, 649 

Md . 'urmick, Kmma [. _. 278 

McCormick fames . ... _ 673 

McCormick, Mrs. R. Hall 408,424 

McConnick, William G., 102, 404, 424, Sin 

McCoy, William 358, 870 

McCrea, Samuel H 102, 143, 182, 

320, 366, 405, 657, 862 

McCuen, H. II.. t 25 

McCnllagh, J. Ii. -.697, 698 

McCullough, Anna 726 

Met 'ullough, Hiram. 202 

McCullough, J. N. 335 

McCully, John 100 

McCutcheim, F 621 

McDancld, 1). II... _ 625 

\lclianiel, Alexander 395 

McDermid, J. I 320 

McDermott, Joseph.. 156 

McDole Helen L 783 

McDonaKI, Eliza _ 489 

McDonald, Eliza A. 374 

McDonald, E. S 158 

McDonald, Godfrey 614 

McDonald, Jessie.. 492 

McDonald, Malcolm 366, 374. 

619, 621 
Mel innald (Malcolm) Lumber Company, 374 

McDonald, Margaret 493 

McDonald, M. C. 868 

McDonald, P. C _ 101 

McDonald, P. S 518 

McDonnell, Charles 147, 397, 614 

McDowell, E. H. H 543 

McDowell, John Adair 432 

McDowell, Malcolm 478 

McDowell, M. E 581 

McDowell (M. E.) & Co 581 

McEldowny, John __ 395 

McElroy, P. II 156 

McEwen, Janet _ 494 

Me E wen, John 78 

McEwen, John, Jr 78 

McEarlane, Norman 86 

Mi I'arland, J. __ 486, 487 

McFarlaml, '| . C 496 

McFarland <"|.) \ Co. (86, r7 

Mcl-'arland, J. S _ 617 

McFarland & Price 411(1 

McFarland, R. !>._._ 14? 

McFarland, W 627 

rrau, [i>hn II. 397 

Mi Fatrich, James Burton 539, 541 

McGarigle, William |._. loS, IK 

866, 867, 868 

M c( Jury, Daniel 

\Ic< larry, Patrick 

Mcl.ee, Eldora A 310 

McGennis, John \V lol, 143, 854 

McG' r ... 429 

:i, William 681 

Mil iirr, John E 837 

McGovern, John 684, 688, 706 

McGnwan, Annie 1,1, 

McGlashan, Mrs. Jessie Guthrie . 396 

McGlashen, Alexander 191 

McGrath, J. 875 

McGrath, James J 101, 14;. ^=). 

863, 81 



Page 

McGrath, M. J.. 591 

McGrath. Patrick 163, 238 

Mel, rath, Patrick J. _ 182 

McGrath, Rev. !>.'.\.__ 773 

Mci .raw. Clara 92 

M.I. raw, fames . 89, 92 

McGregg, D. M 589 

McGlory, Alice 337 

McGuirc, Itarbara 347 

McGnirc, Rev. Hugh 116, 767, 770 

McGuire, Terence 500 

Mi 'I .tlire >V Wolff... 500 

M.I I ale, James.. _ 875 

Mcllenry, William E 320, 616 

Me Hugh, Eva 1 625 

McIIugh, Patrick 410, 614, 854 

Mclntosh, J. I). 649 

Mclntosh, John A. 483 

Mclntyre, Charles Joseph 531 

McKay, Francis Marion 151 

McKay, James R 649 

McKay. Mary.- - 798 

McKay, Samuel .. 836 

McKeague, Neil 277 

McKee, C 126 

McKee, David _ 397 

McKee, James 834 

McKee, Julia A 489 



McKee, Melvin 321, 868 

Me Kenny, Thomas 96 

McKenzie, Ezra _ 395 

McKenzie, George. _ 618 

McKeough, John 410, 588 

McKeown, Rev. J. L. G 791 

McKerson, Frida 422 

McKey, Ilattie.- 236 

McKey, Henry 264, 272 

McKil'lup, Daniel 837 

McKillip, Thomas R 83, 84 

McKillip, William 84 

Mi Kinclley, Gilchrist & Co 348 

McKinney, Frances W. 460 

McKnight \- Richardson 501 

McKone, Thomas II 875 

McLandburg, John. 804 

Mcl.ane, E. A." 418 

McLaren, John 366, 618, 621, 798 

McLaren, Rt. Rev. William Edward... 

29, 779. 78o, 781, 783, 784, 785, 786 

McLaughlin, A. H 694 

Mcl.aughlin, Hugh 158, 875 

McLaughlin, Mary _. 115 

McLean, C. A ,. 622 



McLean, Cornelia . 232 

McLean, James E 560, 562, 563 

McLean, Peter 824 

McLenahen, George 695 

McLennan, John A _ 69, 74 

Mcl.eod, Rev. James 804 

McLogan, P. H. 694 

Mel .oraine, D. J 596 

McMahon, Patrick _. 395 

McMahon, P. J 875 

McMalley William 395 

McMannis, Catharine.. 875 

McMaster, Rev. E. D _ 802 

McMillan, James.. _ _ 798 

McMillan, Kitty too 

McMillan, William G (08 

McMillia, John _. 695 

McMullen, David 486, 487 

Me Mullen, James 370, 854 

McMullcn, J. C. 335, 441 

McMullen & Officer.. 370 

McMullen, Rt. Rev. John 765, 766, 

776, 779 

McMnlty, John 683 

McMurrin. Mina E 541 

McN'ab, Flma 89 

McVdly, Andrew 619 

McNally, John 102, 865 

McNally, Thomas 875 

McNamara, S 695 

Mi \amara, Thomas.. 854 

M.Naiighton, David 824 

Mc.V-al, A 83 



McNeal, William 

McNeil & Higgins - 

McNeill, H. C 

McNnrney, Michael 102, 865, 867, 

McThelim, E. J. 

Mcl'herson, James Birdseye 69, 

McPherson, Mrs. S. J._ 

Mcl'herson, Rev. S. J 522, 797, 

McMuaid, Mary 

McOuiston, \\'. E 

McRae, William 

Me Roberts, Mortimer - 

McRobie, John 

McVey, Calvin 

McVickar, Hrockholst 154, 608, 860, 

862, 863, 

McVickar, Brock 1 156, 

McVicker, James H 241, 290, 620, 

684, 827, 

Me Wade, Ada Somers .- 

Me Wade, lohn 

McWade, John E 

Me Williams, George 

McWilliams. Samuel A 515, 518, 

Maas, Frank A. 

Maas, F. A. E. 

M aas, Louis 

MacArthur, R. D 

Mac-Donald, F. A 

MacDonald, James __ 

MacDonald, Walter.. 



Page 

92 

348 
109 

870 
684 

5S3 
419 
798 
863 
405 
81 
672 
595 
673 

864 
684 

860 
646 

633 
646 
616 
625 
869 
866 

"39 
522 

59 
95 

866 
Macfarland, H. J... 393, 404, 532, 533, 

649, 824 

Macfarlane, John W. 350 

Mack, Mary'E _ 417 

Mack, Rev. J. A 827 

Mack, \V. K. 478 

MacKenzie, George W. _ 617 

MacKenzie, Mrs. E. J 303 

Mac-key, John W. 596 

Mackey, Spoor 99 

Mackin, Anna 852 

Mackin, Joseph C. 278, 280, 868, 874 

Mackin, Rev. M. C 773 

Mackin, Rev. Thomas 767 

Mackin, Thomas 358 

Mackintosh, James D. 619 

MacLachlan, Lachlan 350 

Maclaughlan, Rev. James 800 

Mac.Millan, Thomas C 699, 700, 

705, 706, 868, 871, 875 

Macomber, Rev. W. W 806 

MacVeagh, Franklin, 258, 392, 405, 649, 

650, 827, 873 

MacVeagh (Franklin) & Co. 348 

Madden & Wall 573 

Madden, Rev. W. J 768 

Matldox, Joseph 672 

Magee, Guy 705, 706 

Magie, H. H .. 439 

Magill, C. W 690 

Magill, Julian 395 

Magill, Rev. C. J... 320, 349, 780, 785 

Maginn, James E 622 

Magnusson, II. C 543 

Magonn, l.elia P 253 

Maguire, Rev. Hugh __ 770 

Malier, Hugh. _. 397 

Maher, Michael 837 

Maher, Phijip _ 351 

Maher, W.'l _. 126 

Mahla, Frederick 864 

Mahr, Peter _ 101 

Mahoney, Joseph 875 

Mahoney, William F 102, 870, 871 

Mahony, John L. _ _ 115 

Mair, Charles A. _ 429 

Mair, G. A 320 

Maison, John A 848 

Maitland, James 684, 705 

Malam, Edward 351 

Malcom, Robert 77, 89, 618 

Mallen, Hermann \V 742 

Mallen, Hermann Z... 

Mallen (H. /.)& Co.. 742 

Maloney, Rev. S _ 767 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



Mailman, A. S. 452 

Mailman (A. S.) & Co 452 

Maller.J. B 72 

Mallison, J. I 1 . - 627 

Mailman, Rev. Malernus 768 

Mallory, Herbert E 102, 866 

Mamer, Chris 875 

Manahan, Thomas 626 

Manahon, Jennie E 749 

Mandel Bros 598, 718 

M.imlel, Emanuel - 718 

Mandel, Leon 7'^ 

Mandel,; Simon 718 

Mangold, Maggie 733 

Manierre, Mrs. Ann Hamilton Reid 396 

Manierre, Edward 395, 836 

Manierre, George 261, 836 

Manierre, William R 102, 338, 869, 871 

Mann, Edwin 1' 115 

Mann, Elizabeth A 150 

Mann, Lydia 86 

Mann, O. H 622 

Mann, Orrin L 109, 239, 591, 875 

Mann, Simon F 591 

Mannheimer, Michael 156, 524, 608 

Manning, Caroline E .. 538 

Manning, John L 591 

Manning, William J._ 262 

Mansfield, Rev. L. 1) 783 

Manson, Thornod 694 

Manson, W - 622 

Mansur, George 116 

Manton, |. II 816 

Manvel, C. J 618, 622 

Maple, Thomas 816 

Mapleson, J. II 643, 666 

Marble, A. J 320 

Marble, Charles E 690 

March, Calvin Cale ._ 288 

Marchbank, George 618 

Marck, A 694 

Marcusshon, W. B 522 

Marder, John 102, 868 

Marder, Luse & Co 691 

Margueral, A 614 

Marguerat, E 518, 520, 614 

Marine Engine Works 489 

Marinette Iron Works 488 

Markham, Emma.. 79 

Mark-ley. Ailing & Co 558 

Markoe, Hartman 397 

Marks, Stewart 622 

Marouly, P. 695 

Marovilz, Barbara 653 

M arquis, Rev. C. L). 798, 802 

Marr, Charles 673 

Marrenner, E 87 

Marsh, C. W ..688, 848 

Marsh, D. M 848 

Marsh, Frank M 569 

Marsh, Frederick H 234 

Marsh, George B __ 378 

Marsh. J. I?. T 709 

Marsh, Joshua L 837, 846 

Marsh, J. S. _ _ 629 

Marsh, Mrs. W. I) 419 

Marsh, Rev. T. P _ 791 

Marsh, Sylvesler 397 

Marsh, William 585 

Marsh, William D 806 

Marshall, Caleb H 326 

Marshall, Emma C. O._ 756 

Marshall, F. C 543 

Marshall, Francis 626 

Marshall, James Augustus 395 

Marshall, James M 449 

Marshall, J. E._ 526 

Marshall, J. S 524, 544 

Marshall, Tom _ _ 103 

Marten, R. B .. 393 

Martin, A. C _ 72 

Martin, D. N 800 

Martin, Everelda 330 

Martin, Forman M _ 731 

Martin, George Pallerson 552 

Martin, John 496 



Martin, Kate Bryan - 684 

Martin, Louis 865 

Martin, Louis F. 625 

Martin, Mary Baker 312 

Martin, N 622 

Martin, Robert L 800 

Martin, Robert T 99, 787 

Martin, Stephen E. W 329 

Martin, S. K 378 

Martin, William. 588 

Martin, William M 619 

Marx, Joseph 525 

Mason, Alfred B. 407, 684, 866 

Mason, Carlile.-486, 542,610, 846, 855, 875 

Mason, David H._ 699 

Mason, Edward G. 291, 413, 649, 650, 

684, 873 

Mason, Emma Jean 543 

Mason, George _ 657, 864 

Mason, H 126 

Mason, Henry 126, 134 

Mason, Hugh 617 

Mason, Ira J 290 

Mason, Kate ._ 520 

Mason, Mary E. . 321 

Mason, Mathias. 397 

Mason, M. G 694 

Mason, Parker R 564 

Mason, Roswell B. 104, 116, 368, 431, 

608, 709, 798- 845. 853 

Mason, William E 182,280,873, 875 

Massillon Bridge Co 131 

Mathay, David 617 

Mather, John H 268 



Mathews, Alice S 386 

Mathews, W. S. B 629 

Matlack, J. H 617 

Matson, Canute R 617, 854, 857 

Matson, C. W 591 

Matter, John. 558 

Mattern, F. W 626 

Mattes, Clotilda 72 

Matteson, A. E 619 

Matteson, Andre 691 

Matteson, C. F 544, 590, 631, 632 

Matteson, Joel A 842 

Matthews, Henry M 270 

Matthews, H. W 792 

Matthews, John T 618 

Matthews, Rev. J. T 804 

Matthews, William ._ 710 

Mattock, Rev. J. A.. 793 

Mattocks, John. 283, 852 

Mattocks, Walter. 282,401, 404 

Matz, Mrs. Otto H 519 

Maurer, Cass F 616,622, 624 

Mauritzon Bros 456 

Mauritzon, Hakon A 456 

Mauritzon, M. Josephus 456 

Maus, Fred K 506 

Maxwell Bros 384 

Maxwell, Henry B 384, 588 

Maxwell, James 384 

Maxwell, J. C 366 

Maxwell, Ophelia 836 

May, John W. 618 

May, Julia 633 

Mayer, David 718 

Mayer, Rev. Dominic 775 

Mayer (F.) & Co 735 

Mayer, Frank. 735, 736 

Mayer, John Albert 552 

Mayer, Nathan 524, 615 

Maynard, H. S 547 

Maynard, J. P 681 

Maynard, Preston C 392, 827 

Maynard, William 91, 518 

Maynard, William J 518, 608 

Mayor, Lucy. 750 

Meacham, Lewis 409 

Mead, Abbie 222 

Mead, A. B 449 

Mead, C._ 584 

Mead, D. S. 126, 132 

Mead, John B 289 

Meade, Rev. S. H 787 



Page 

Meadowcroft, W. R... 672 

Meaney, Thomas .,.. 585 

Mears, Nathan 825 

Mechanical Bakery 325 

Medill Joseph, 58, 81, 101, 118, 156, 244, 
296, 608, 655, 695, 696, 706, 827, 

845, 846, 854, 858 

Medill, Samuel J 227, 406, 695, 696, 705 

Meech, Miss J. M 422 

Meehan & Kelley.. 481 

Meehan, Patrick H 481 

Meeker, A. B. 477, 608, 649 

Meeker (A. B.) & Co 477 

Meggy, Percey . 700 

Meglade, Eliza 798 

Meglade, William 798 

Mehlig, Anna 630, 632, 641 

Mehren, Jacob F. 121 

Mehring, F 525 

Mehring, N 525 

Meier, Chris 865, 867 

Meier, Rev. Jacob. 815 

Meigs, Gen. M. C 78 

Meilbeck, Leo. _. 847, 875 

Meiners, Caroline 383 

Meinhard, May 351 

Meissner, Linda. 97 

Melcher, Frank T 76 

Melecker, Caroline 79 

Meli, E. G 615 

Mellinger, J. H 626 

Mellish, E. J _ 522 

Melody, Bridget 751 

Meloy, Rev. William Taggart 805 

Melvin, John 395 

Melvin, Thomas 397 

Melville, Peter Dominique 397 

Mendsen, J. F. 381 

Mendsen & Winter 381 

Mennicke, Amalie Maria Katharina 821 

Menominee River Lumber Company 368 

Mercer, Rev. L. P 610, 818 

Meredith, Rev. Louis 792 

Mereness, A. J. 616 

Mergenthein, B.. 409 

Mergler, Marie J 518, 521 

Merigold, William A 448, 449 

Merki, Louis 156 

Merriam, C. N 69 

Merriam, Collins & Co 348 

Merrick, Emeline C 828 

Merrick, Richard T. 402 

Merrill, George 395 

Merrill, G. W 156, 619 

Merrill, H. P. 787 

Merrill, J. C 320 

Merrill, Jacob Dewitt 397 

Merrill, Mary E 270 

Merriman, Henry 521 

Merriman, H. P 513, 522, 797 

Merriman, Mrs. John W... 419 

Merryman, A. C 381 

Merserau, R. C. 564 

Mertage, Mamie A 551 

Meserve, George I _ 590 

Meserve, W. P. 359, 496, 497 

Mesmer, Mrs. Abramice Harmon 396 

Messenger, Alice E. 143 

Messenger, E. D 630, 631, 632 

Messersmith. George 91 

Messinger, William D 798 

Mestling, H. W 576 

Mette, August 875 

Metzger, Henry. _ 523 

Metzler, Jacob M 746 

Metzner, W. C. 485 

Metzner, (W. C.) Stove Repair Co 484 

Meyer, Adam 102, 865, 867 

Meyer, August 383 

Meyer, Charles G 523 

Meyer, Christian 847, 869, 875 

Meyer, C. J. L 377 

Meyer, F. C 126 

Meyer, Fred 616 

Meyer, John C 617, 855 

Meyer, Julius P 377 



.SPECIAL INDKX. 



Page 

Meyer, Margaret Augusta 531 

Meyer, \Villiani._ 866 

Meyerle, LeviS 673 

Meyers, Frank 869 

Meyers, Leo 121, 125 

Miehaells, ('.__ 6:5 

Michnelis, Richard 855 

Miehaelson, Albert 854, 85(1 

Mieliie, Catherine M 326 

Middleton, J. \V 691 

Midilleton, Thomas 617 

Midler, \V. I.. 418 

Mieroslawski, S. 1) 875 

Miessler, Earnest Gustavus Hermann.. 533 

Miguly, Rudolph _ .. 395 

Miksch, A. J _. 590 

Milek, Catherine 538 

Miles, Delia 539 

Miles, Holland K . 100 

Miles, James II 618, 619, 620, 623, 624 

Miles, Rev. Thomas II 771 

Millard, A. C 182 

Millard, Ira 395 

Millard, Mrs. P. \V 625 

Millard, I'. \V 625 

Miller, Adam 443,444 

Miller, Benjamin C 156 

Miller, Brice A 854 

Miller, Charles C 69 

Miller, Charles P 683 

Miller, C. R 69 

Miller, DeLaskie 508, 521, 522 

Miller & Drew 461 

Miller, Ellen M. 340 

Miller, Elizabeth 272 

Miller, Kniily lluntington 

Miller, Frederick 443, 444 

Miller, II. B... 284, 565, 846, 855, 856, 

857, 75 

Miller, Henry G 804 

Miller, II. if. C 622 

Miller, II. M 360 

Miller, Henry T. 800 

Miller, Jacob 395 

Miller, James A. 495 

Miller, John ._ 341 

Miller, John K. 867 

Miller, Mary 739 

Miller, Matilda C. _ 147 

Miller, Michael L 115 

Miller, Michael M 244, 875 

r, Mrs. Barbara 3<>d 

Miller, Oil 418 

Miller, 1'eler S 616 

Miller, R.C 608 

Miller, Rev. Emory 794 

Miller, Rev. Michael 769 

Miller, Robert M 397 

Miller, Thomas E. 625 

Miller, T. S 6Si 

:. Trtiman \V.._ 523,527, 570 

Miller, \V. H 567 

Miller, \V. II. C. _ 750 

Miller, Watts T 371 

Miller, William. 115 

Milii),'ati, II. I. 621,1)22 

Milligan, William F._ 97, 98, 863 

Milligan, W. 1 1,2? 

Millikcn, Isaac Lawrence 395, 840 

Milliken, W. T. I! 

Mills, I). W..._ 158 

Mills, John Rodney 395 

Mills, I.nther l.aflin iiS. 240, 254, 

Mills, M. I) 

Mills, Morgan 1!. 693 694 

Mills, Ph.cbe R 

Mills, S. I! 631, Gv_ 

Mills, W. F 

Miln, Rev. George C 

Milne, lames II 31- 

Milne (J. H.),VCo 679 

Milne, Roberts. 395 

Milord, I. .... 627 

Milstead, Rev. Thomas ( i. 825 

Miltimorc, Ira 197, 397 



Miner, Noycs Billings 

Miner, < >. 'l I 

Miner. Rev. N. M 

Miner, S. C, 

Minges, Julia II 

Miniler, Michael 

Mi nken berg, Ignatius 

Minor, Anderson 

Minor, William . . 



Page 
6 4 I 



.... 8I 7 

.. 816 



Minnis, Anna 

M inly, William 

Misel'i, Adolph 

Misch, CieorgeA.. 

Mitchell, A.. 

Mite-hell, Alice 

Mitchell, AndrewJ 

Mitchell, Mrs. Charlotte Eli 

Mitchell, C. M 

Mitchell, Charles 1' 

Mitchell, Clifford 

Mitchell, D. M 

Mitchell, 1). \V 

Mitchell. Ellen .. 



Mitchell, Francis M. 

Mitchell, Henry 

Mitchell, Henry A.. 
Mitchell, H. P. . 



400 

374 

.... 525 

80 

.... So 

.... 582 

---- 5f'5 

.... 854 

IOO 

.... 798 

522 

602 

zabeth Yard 396 
.499, 500 
468 

-535, 537 
. 411 

- 449 

.684, 692 

693 

395 

837 

584 



Mitchell, I.J 441 

Mitchell, j. S 535 

Mitchell, Rev. Arthur 795. 796 

Mitchell, Ross. 504 

Mitchell, Thomas F 627 

Mitchell, Walter B. 407 

Mitchell, Watson \ Co ... 468 

Mitchell, William C 331 



Mitchell, William H 

Mixer, Albert II 

Mixer, Charles H. S 309, 429, 

Mi/.e, Hattie A. 

Mi/e, Theodore S 

Mlejnek, Vaclav 

Moelier, Mary Catherine 



Moczygemba, Rev. Leopold 

Moelier, C. C... 

Muhr, Hertha _ 

Mohr, [ohn . 

Mohr (John) & Son 

Mohr, Joseph _. 

Mohr, M 

Mole, Sarah Eleanor 

Molinelli, A 

Moloney, Matthew S 

Molony, Richard S 

Molter, John 

Monahan, James .... 

Monear, Charles A 

Monheimer, Rachel _ 

Moninger, Frank 

Moninger, J. C 

Monoghan, Thomas 

Mi >n rail, Ada 

Monroe, Henry F..... 

Monroe, May C _. 

Montague, Gilbert 

Montague, Montague 

Montgomery, ( ieorge \\ . . 392, 
Montgomery (George W.) iV Co. .. 

Montgomery, J. A 

Montgomery, Liston H. ...... 

Monigomery, Mrs. Elizabeth 

Montgomery, William A 

Montgomery, William H... 

Montgomery, W. T. _ 

Moody, Alexander _ 

Moody, C. S. _ 

Moody, I). 1 417, 789, 

Moody, J. D 

Moody, Orrin C 

Moody, Mrs. S. A 

Moody iV Waters 

Moore, Amos M. . 

Moore, A very _ 

Moore, Charles K 

Moore, Daniel B 

Moore, Daniel Grove 



441 

.816, 817 
608, 

609, 868 
.... 389 
.... 387 

186 

775 

.... 775 
.320, 578 

739 

.... 486 

486 

.... 486 

395 

796 

- 615 



395 

.... 835 

640 

870 

.870, 871 
.... 731 
.... 80 
80 

121 

---- 455 

431 

502 

618 

309 

416, 466 

461 

.... 854 
.156, 528 
.... 396 
.... 251 

553, 625 
.518, 526 

329 

.... 617 

808, 824 

542 

---- 397 
.... 0,3 

329 

395 

.101, 860 
.... 156 

800 

529 



I>a K e 

Moore, Fannie 74 

Moore, French 118, 522, 867 

Moore, G. G 320 

Moore, Mrs. G. II 59O 

Moore, Mrs. Henry 39" 

Moore, Isaac A 74 2 

Moore, Isaac A., Jr 742 

Moore, lames E - 742 

Moore, Joseph II 334 

Moore, J. H. 4'"> 

Moore, Logan F --- 211 

Moore, Mary _ -- 360 

Moore, Mary E. 3 8 4 

Moore, Silas M 407, 418, 522. 688 

Moore, S. M., 320, 449, 461, 466, 856, 

857, 860 

Moore (S. M.) & Co 461, 568 

Moore, Thomas A __ 115 

Moore, V. M __ 68 1 

Moran, John 590 

Moran , Patrick 346 

Moran (P.) & Co _ 34<> 

Moran, Thomas 254 

Moran, Thomas A. 2f,S, 261, 41(1 

More, Rev. J. H - 792 

Morehouse, Julia Catherine 219 

Morehouse, S. P 431 

Moretti, Rev. Sosteneiis. . . . 777 

Morey, Anna R. 422 

Morev, C. II 449 

Morey, Marie 78 

Morey, Henry C 449 

Morgan, E. IS." _ 321 

Morgan, F'rancis.. 392, 592 

Morgan, G. W. 



141 

Morgan, James --.171, 172, 3711 

Morgan, James F 2IO 

Morgan, John II. [28 

Morgan, J. S 57 

Morgan, J. W. 591 

Morgan, Lucy 573 

Morgan, Patrick Richard _. 39^ 

Morgan, Rev. P. ]!. 787 

Motgan, T. J 865 

Morgenthau, Bauland & Co 719 

Morgenthau, Gustav L. 7111 

Morgenthau, Maximilian 719 

Morhn. Louis __ 627 

Morrill, F 584 

Mori ill, Fred K 405 

Morrill, Mary A. 37(1 

Morrill, Wesley 453 

Morini, Very Rev. Austin 776 

Morris, BucknerS _ 397 

Morris & Dickey 69 

Morris, F.lias 749 

Morris, George W 694, 875 

Morris, Margaret E 371 

Morris, Maude 678 

Morris, Mrs. T. G 419 

Morris, Mrs. \V. K 625 

Morris, Robert (124 

Morris, R. W 371 

Morris, Thomas G did 

Morris, W. K 624 

Morrison, A. I 846,857,864, 875 

Morrison, Alexander M 3m 

Morrison, Daniel 351, 397 

Morrison, Ephraim 397 

Morrison, Ezekiel 395 

Morrison, James L. D _ 841 

Morrison, John 824 

Morrison, Mrs. Lucy Paul 396 

Morrison, O 836 

Morrison, Rev. T. N., Jr 522, 785, 786 

Morrison, William R..1 872, 874 

Morriss. J. I 485 

Morrisson, Plummer & Co. 540 

Morrisson, Robert 546, 547 

Morse, Albert .. __ 321) 

Morse, Charles M. _ 410 

Morse, Edwin D __ 304 

Morse, L. O o - 

Morse, Lydia 552 

Mortensen, Alfred __ 294 

Mortensen, Lena 426 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



Page 

Mortimer. Arabella 89 

Mortimer & Tapper 104 

Mortimer, William K._. 89 

Morton, Charles M. Soi 

Morton, Emma 241 

Morton, George C 365, 370 

Morton, Paul, _ - 210,404 

Morion, Rev. C. M 824 

Most-ley, Flavel - 797 

Moser, Philip 854 

MO-OS Ailolph 868, 875 

Moses, Anson F 92 

Moses, Charles Alonzo. 92, 625 

Moses, II. P. _ 490 

Moseback, William 787 

Moss, Frank (iodine 597 

Mo-s, Gertrude L 723 

Moss, J. . _ 89 

Moss, John J .- 77 

Moss, Leonora J 77 

Moss, Rev. Lemuel __ 817 

Moss, Robert Edward 77, 429 

Moss, S. J -. 91 

Moss, William Lathrop 266 

Mott, John A. - 600 

Motter, Mary E 582 

Moulding, Thomas - 75 

Mouldy, Dell I) 611 

Mouldy, Mrs. M. II. 611 

Moulton, Byron 1' 79, loo, 407, 610, 649 

Moulton, liyron W _ 417 

Moulton, Frank . . 422 

Moulton, George M...S7, 88, 588, 619, 

622, 623, 625 

Moulton, Joseph T. - 88, 619 

Moulton, Julia A 757 

Moulton, Mrs. liyron 424 

Mover, II. X...J _ 528 

Mudge, Mary I-'. 836 

Muehlbauer, Aloys _ 686 

Muehlbauer & Behrle 686 

Mueller, A. F. C 458, 875 

Mueller, C. E. 617 

Mueller, Charles 579 

Mueller, George 564 

Mueller, P.... 615 

Mueller, William Oliver 564 

Mugridge, I). S 321 

Muhlke, Anna 362 

Muhlke, Kinil 855 

Muhr's (II.) Sons 751 

Muir, George W 622 

Muir, S 627 

Mullinger, John 1 869 

Mullinger, Rev. G. A 794 

Multin<jer, Rev. V. L. _ 615 

Mulkowski, Frank 243 

Mullen, Ann.. 575 

Muller, Rev. F.usebius 768 

Mulliken, C. II 410, 449, 798, 829 

Muliin, Emily B 384 

Mulliter, Rev. John 775 

Mulvane, Joab 290 

Muney, F. A. _ 616, 621 

Munford, M. M. 214 

Munger, Albert A 411 

M linger Bros 357 

Munger, David S 806 

Munger, Wheeler & Co 333 

Munu, Adelia I 132 

Munu, Charles A 438 

Miinu, Dan __ 565 

Munn, James M _.. 566 

Munn, L. 1 625 

Munn, S. C, 4^2 

Munsell, Anson Smith. _. 513 

Munson, Charles ._ 808 

Munson, C. S 362 

Munson, F. 846,875 

Munson, May K. 263 

Munson, Mary Agnes 553 

Munster, R. 866 

Munsterman, Henry 617,618 

Murchland, Janet G 726 

Murdoch, Thomas 405, 649 

Murdock, E. 1' 515 



Murison 
Murison 
Murphy, 
Murphy 
Murphy, 
Murphy, 
Murphy, 
Murphy, 
Murphy, 

Murphy, 

Murphy, 

Murphy, 

Murphy, 

Murphy, 

Murphy, 

Murphy, 

Murphy, 

Murphy 

Murphy 

Murphy 

Murphy 

Murphy 

Murray, 

Murrav, 



Alexander 

George \V 

Almeda 

& Anthony 

David _ 

Edward C 

Edward W 

James C 

John, 102, 489, 490, 
618, 621 

John D 

J- K 

Mary 

Matthew 

Mrs. I larriet Austin 

Nick 

Rev. Thomas... 



Page 

320 

-33, 677 

455 
486 

_ fOI, IO2 



585, 

866 

.486 



R. J. 
R. P. 



____ 121 

374 
586, 
868, 869 
626, 865 
.461, 617 
---- 114 
.... 875 
---- 396 
____ 869 
____ 766 



Savage & Co 

& Tarrant 

Theodore D 

W. Timothy. 

Donald 

E. D. . 



706 
320 
490 
489 

245 
486 
624 
600 



Murray, James 

Murray, J. E 

Murray, Jennie E 

Murray, Mrs. William H. . 
Murray, Robert .:. 

Murray, Robert Nelson 

Murrav, W. H. . 



870 

875 



Mnsgrove, Susan I._ 

Musham, William _. 

Musham, William H 

Musin, Ovide- ... . 

Minis, A... 



-572 



-409. 



Myers, E. B 

Myers, Frank 

Myers, Jerome .. 

Myers, |. C. 

Myers, 'M 

Myers, Mary E _ 

Myers, Minnie 

Myers, Philip 

Myers, Samuel . 

Myers, S. G 

Myers, Sidney 

Myers (S.) & Son __ 

Myers, Theresa 

Myrick, Willard Eranklin . 

Nachtsheim, Christiana 

Naghten & Co 

Naghten, John 

Naper, H. G 

Nash, Frederick A 

Nash, H. B 

Nash, Harriet L 

Nash, Henry H 

Nash, I. N 

Nash, Lydia 

Nash, Thomas 

Nashbaum, A 

Xasher, H 

National Lumber Company 

National Tube Works Co 

Xaulty, William II 

Near, Sarah 

Neddermeyer, Dora 

Neebe, Oscar 

Needham, Rev. G. C _.. 

Needles, Thomas V 

Neeley, John Chamberlain 442, 

Neely, Alexander 

Neely, A. T ___ 

Neely Bros 

Neely, Joseph C 

Neely, M. C 

Neely R 

Neemes, fohn C 

Neemes ( fohn C.) & Co _ 

Neil, Mary J 

Neil, William John 

Xcill, Thomas 

Xeilson, Ellen _ 

Neisen, Frank 



227 

520 

680 

395 

522 

---- 595 
.... 1 20 
-I2O, 121 
639 

I82 

. 62O 

8 7 I 

572 

.... 321 

---- 435 

573 

239 

.... 418 
573, 6(>4 

573 

435 

572 

486 

-395, 39 8 
.... 427 
461 

614 



126 

395 

---- 567 

303 

413, 520 

320 

196 

.... 165 

269 

525 

---- 373 

494 

416 

.... 489 
.... 381 
.... 852 
.... 824 

626 

592, 619 

395 

786 

731 

731 

.... 731 

73' 

754 

754 

553 

511 

.... 617 
.... 156 
. IO2 



Nelson, Andrew 182, 

Nelson, C. B 

Nelson, Daniel 102, 

Nelson, Daniel T 

Nelson, Eleanor 

Nelson, John 

Nelson, Maren 

Nelson, Murry_.2go, 320, 

429, 542, 

Nelson, Robert W 

Nelson, S. I' 

Nelson, Thomas , 

N'eu, Peter W 

Neuberger, Abraham J. . 

Neumeister, John G 

Neustadt, Frederick 

Nevill, II... 



184, 395, 399' 
----585, 796 
865, 867, 869, 
431, 512, 521 



404, 405. 420, 
608, 609, 650, 



.84, 85, 86, 
..869, 870, 



Newberry, Walter Cass _ 

New-bold, J 

Newcomb, H. A 

Newcomb, Rev. G. T. .. 

Newcomb, W. H 

Newell (Augustus) & Co, 

Newell, Edgar F 

Newell, E.G... 



Newell, John 
Newell, J. W. 
Newell, L. C. 



630, 631, 632, 



Newell, Maria N 

Newhall, Hattie M.. 

Newkirk, Hawley A 

Newland, William Darius 

Newman, Frank H. 

Newman, Henry Parker.. 

Newman, Jacob 

Newman, Thomas G. 

Newman, William L. 

Newquist, John 

Newton, C. W 

Newton, F. C 

Newton, John 

Nicholas, Fannie 

Nicholas, Norton 

Nicholes, Thomas 

Nichols, C. K 

Nichols, Emma 

Nichols, Evelyn L. 

Nichols, Frank M. . 

Nichols, G. W 

Nichols, Hannah 

Nichols, Isaac Watts 

Nichols, Luther __ 
Nichols, P. M. 
Nichols, W. A. . 

Nichols, W. C 

Nicholson, Robert 

Nickerson, Mrs. F 

Nickerson, O 

Nickerson, Samuel M. 84, 

335, 

Nickerson, Mrs. O 

Nickerson, Mrs. S. M 

Nicoll, Mary 

Niederkorn, Caroline 

Niederkorn, Mother 

Niehoff, Conrad 

Niehoff, Conrad I 

Nieman, Albina__ 

Niemann, William 

Niemoeller, Rev. Eustace 

Nightingale, A. B 

Nihen, Kate M 

Niles, Mary 

Nilson, Kama 

Nilsson, Christine 

Ninde, Rev. W. X 

Nixon, Mary 

Nixon, Oliver W 

Nixon, William Penn 406, 

Noble, Adelia 

Noble, E. J _. 

Noble, George W.. 

Noble, John 

Noble, "O. I) 

Noble, Rev. Calvin Day . 



537, 538, 

... .258, 5i 5; 
276, 409, 524, 



518, 

-539, 542, 



166, 182, 184, 
411, 421, 649 



855, 
868, 



631, 



-__ 592, 698, 

407,542,561, 
651, 698, 



397, 



Page 
83(1 
802 
870 
606 
79 
5 
483 

827 

706 

291 

98 

102 
741 

874 

97 
412 
756 
694 
691 

793 
868 

653 

618 
638 

335 
116 

723 
383 
791 
101 
726 
586 

517 
615 
618 
359 
83 
829 

515 
258 

676 

334 
461 

388 
88 

544 
489 
750 

397 
617 

583 
6n 

579 
618 

650 

625 
424 
727 
341 

774 
866 

875 
73" 

768 
150 
2IO 
443 
495 
785 
792 
97 
699 

699 
430 
321 
626 

397 
592 
818 



26 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



808 
75; 
709 
86 
33*: 
7&i 
647 
831 
591 
780 
49 
39 
497 
531 
480 
53: 
39 
281 
4*1 
502 
386 
872 
598 
835 
62.) 
320 
669 
486 



Noble, Rev. Frederick A .............. 

Noel, Theodore _____ .......... ______ 

N olden, Jane .................... 

Noll, Isabella L ..................... 

Nolton, Robert ..................... 

Noonan, Rev. Patrick M ............. 

NOTCrOM, Webster ___ ............. ___ 

NonU-ii, Krv. Aaron __________________ 

Nordheim, J. B ............. . ....... 

Norris, G. S. _ ...................... 

Norris & Ilyde.. ......... __ ......... 

N'urris, James Wellington ------------- 

N orris, John W. ____________________ 

North, Charles Frederic ...... -. ...... 

North Chicago Rolling Mills .......... 

V. th, R. L .......... . ......... ____ 

Xortham, Robert R. ___________ ...... 

Northrup, George Washington. ....... 

Northwestern Holler Works ........... 

Northwestern Horse Nail Company ____ 

Northwestern Lumberman ............ 

Norton, Anthony ..... ............ 

.on, Edmund _____ ........... 320, 

Norton (Horace) & Co ....... _________ 

Norton, J. E ......... ____________ 616, 

Norton,). H _____ ................. .. 

Norton, John \V ...... --------------- 

Norton, Julia . ...................... 

Norton, L. 1) .................. _____ 

Norton, Libbie M ....... ------------- 

Norton, Mary .............. - ........ 

Norton, N. J ....... _ ............. ___ 

Norton, Nelson R ........ . ........ .. 

Norton, Octavia E ........ ___________ 

Norton, S. F ......... . ........ ----- - 

Norton, Son & Co ..... _ ............. 

Nourse, 15. E ............ _ ........... 

Nonrse, C. C .................. ---- .- 

Nourse, John A ...................... 

N < >v y, Fred _______________________ .- 

Nowak, Frank _ ...... _ .............. 

.Noyes. Charlotte E _______ ..... .. ..... . 

Noyes, Edmund ................. 54 2 , 

No\es, John T .......... 102, 143,407, 

Noyes, Mrs. I. E.. ............. _____ 

Nugent, Michael _ ................. .. 

Nussbaum, Ambrosius ...... -------- . 

Nuttall, L. W .................... _.. 

Nyberg, J. A._ ...................... 

Nviivist, Rev. P. ---- _ .......... . ---- 

O'Brien, George ......... ------------ 

O'Hrien, James... ........... 101, 103, 

O'Brien, ]. H. . ..................... 

O'Hrien, Rev. Patrick ............ ---- 

O'ISrien, William W .............. 254, 

O'Connell, P. J ...................... 

( >Vonnor, A. j. - .................... 

i >'( onnor, Charles ................... 

O'Connor, Dennis ______________ .. 

O'Connor, Margatvtta Anna __________ 

O'Connor, Mary ____________ ..... ---- 

O'Connor, Maurice _ ................. 

O'Connor, I'. J ...................... 

O'Connor, T. P ---- ......... . ........ 

o'Day. Michael .................. S68, 

O Donaghue, P ........... ___________ 

O'Donoglme, Horace ........... ___ 

( i I lonoghiie. Joseph ----------- ...... 

O'Donohue, Mrs. Margaret Maria Wil- 

liams, ",()() 
O'Dnnncll. C. W ..................... 617 

mnell. John _____ ................ 108 

( )'Donnell, Simon ________________ 108, 866 

o'llalloran. Mary ................ __. 122 

O'Hara, Daniel, '101, 240, 856, S^7 

860, 862, 865 
o'llara. Edward .................... 868 

O'Kecfe, "Dntchy" ....... _________ 870 

()' \Ialley, Thomas !'.. ............ ... 875 

( )' Mara.' Timothy ...... ____ ......... - 867 

O'Meara, Patrick ____ ................ 252 

O'Neil, A. O ................. . ..... M: 

i. F.dward .......... ____ ....... 856 

O'Neil, Ellen ....................... 80 

< I'Ncil \ Griswold ................. 

O'Neil, W. T ............ . .......... I ..... 



320 

47 S 

39' 

67 

395 

693 

8 4 7 

679 

2go 
1 86 
1 86 
1/4 
72 
544 
870 
422 
500 
525 
383 
694 
821 
836 
865 
416 
769 
846 
163 
872 
80 
869 
152 
84 



869 

585 
410 
869 
626 

1^,, 
125 



, 618, 619 
."760" 



O'Neill, I air.es. _ 

O'Neill, John 617 

O'Neill, Rev. Andrew.. 
O'Neil], Rev. I. S 

t I'Neiii, Rev. Thomas.. 

i )' Neill, Thomas 

i I'Reilly, John Boyle 

O'Reilly, Rev. Edward 

< I'Rnarc, Henry 

( I'Shea, John 

O'Toole, Patrick 

Oakley, 11. D 

Oakley, lames 

Oakley, J. W 

Oakley, May 

Oakley, Mrs. II. I) 

Oakley, Rev. M 

Oakley, W. C 

Obenauer, Eva Margaret 

Oberly, John H 

Oberne, George 

16, Ilosick & Co 

Oberne, Mrs. George 

Oconski, Alexius 

Odell, John J. P '-409, 417, 439 

Odgers, Rev. Joseph 

Odiorne, William 11 

Officer, Alexander _ . 



KH 
(.24 

772 
767 

77 
706 

585 
770 
410 

875 
121 

785 
228 

64' 



Offield, Charles K 

Offield & Towle.. 

Ogden, E. J 

Ogden, Henry 

Ogden, Mahlon D. . .101, 143, 

Ogden, Mary Bostwick 

Ogden, Mary Jane 

Ogden, Milton David.. 

Ogden, William K. ..135, 230, 
412, 782, 802, Si6~, 817, 



397, 681, 
854, 



Ogden, W. L 

Oglesby, Richard J 134, 

Okes, J. D 

Olcott, J. B 

Olcott, William 

Oldberg, Oscar 

Oldenberg, A. C...'. 

Oldershaw, P. P 

Oleson, Ingmell 

Oik, Margaret 

Olin, Henry 

Olin, S 

Olinger, J. P 

Oliphant, R. C 

Olmstead, Catherine 

Olmstead & Vaux 

Oliver, John A 

Oliver, John M 

Oliver, Lura S 

Oliver, R. M. . 



3')0, 411, 

834, 841, 

844. 



22b 

5 

771 
438 
823 
872 
520 
465 
520 
525 
. 443 
793 
378 
370 
263 

68 1 
508 

857 
379 
625 

533 



508, 705, 

858, 



864, 

539- 540- 



Olsen, Maggie 

Olski, Frances _ 

Olson, N. F.... _. 

Onahan, William l._2i/o, 41(1, 
585, 586, (>I4, 854, 856, 



Dngman, Rev. E. 

)ppenheimer, I.ma 

Orchard, J. (',. 

Ircntt, M'rs. W. E. 

Orcutt, W. P, 

Orcutt, William F 

'rendorf , Alfred _ 

Jrmsbee, Roanna 

Ormsby. Norman I) 

Jrr. William M 

irton, I. M.... 

)rvis, O. D 

Orvis(0. D.) & Co 

Ortmayer, Andrew 

Ortma'yer (A.) it Co 

)rtmayer(A.) \ Son _. 

Ortmayer, C. G 

)rtmayer, Lewis it Co _ 

Osborn, Andrew 1 



478, 570, 
860, 865, 
866, 867, 



875 
622 

873 
582 
816 
680 
547 
875 
320 

875 
762 

541 

857 
864 

677 
625 
167 

395 
626 
690 
867 
741 

691 



.626, 



-5"5, 



869 
815 
234 
681 
419 
692 
360 

873 
89 

121 

625 
804 
432 
432 
505 
505 
505 
506 

505 
395 



1'axc 

Osborn, Charles.. .- . 617 

Osborn, Emma 597 

i Kliorn, Henry A 798 

( (shorn, William 397 

Osborne & Co 121 

Osborne, F. C 431) 

Osborne, Rev. Louis Shreve 522, 781 

Oshby, Laura Gorin 548 

Osgood, George L 641 

Miult. Lev! M 397 

Ostrander, John W 617, 625 

Ostrander, Mrs. L. M 625 

Ostrum, Henry 397 

Oswald, F. A 485 

Oswald (F. A.)& Co 485 

Otis, George L 393 

otis, James 804 

I His, John 413 

Otis, Joseph E ___ 101, 143 

Otis, Lucian B 780, 858 

Otis, Philo 187 

Otis, Philo A 629, 631, 632, 649, 650 

Otis, SethT 397 

Otis, Xavier L _ 393 

Otley, Samuel. 94 

Ott, John 380 

Ott, Oran 196 

Ott, Rev. Christian 819 

Ott, William C 376 

Otter, John 70 

Ottman, J. G So 

Otto, Emil 549 

Otto, Joseph 509 

Otto, Julius _ 513 

Outhet, Mrs. Maria Sherman 396 

Outhet, R. M _ 449 

Overmeyer, J. B._ 622 

Oviatt, T. T .618, 619, 620, 624, 625 

Ovington Bros. & Ovington. 752 

Ovington, Charles K 752 

Ovington, Edward J. 752 

( Ivington, Edward J., Jr.. _. 752 

Ovington, Theodore T 752 

Owen, B. F _ 360 

Owen, James R._ 546 

Owen, T. J. V 190 

Owens, F'rank E._ . 874 

Owens, John E 508, 513, 518, 522, 526 

Owens, Owen _. _ 500 

Paaren, N. H _ 54 i 

Packard, Frederick William 276 

Packard, Samuel Ware _ 253 

3 ackham, H. M 617 

3 addock, George I 257 

"'addock, James H _ 618, 624 

'age, Benjamin V 410 

Page, D. W 785 

'age, Milton E 754 

'age, Miss S. M _ __ 141 

Page (M. E.) & Co _ 754 

'age, Peter _. 69, 397 

'age, William R. 41 ~ lt 827 

'aige, Lucy F _.. 340, 

'aine, B. F. _ _ 617 

'aine, Charles _ _. 431 

'aine, Henry W._ _. 4 IO 

'aine, Minnie E 315 

'aine, O. G 513 

'ainter, Edwin J 551 

'ajeau, Joseph 7 6 2 

'aimer, Alfred W 6 ?2 

'aimer, Azariah R 378 

'aimer, Byron D 543 

'aimer, 1). S.__ 525 

'aimer, E 6 7 - 

'almer, Frank W 556, 558, 698, 699, 702 

'aimer & Fuller . I2 i 

Calmer, Fuller & Co "'.'.'.". 378 

'aimer, Henry 515 

'aimer, John J ..."."."487", 488 

'aimer, John M 128, 842, 846, 847 

850, 853, 858, 872 

'aimer, I.onn _ 5 gj 

'aimer, Louis * O2 

'aimer, L. T ".' " "f'sj _ 688 

'aimer, I.ydia " 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



27 



Page 
Palmer, N. 1" 729 

Palmer, Philip A. -_ 544, 545 

Palmer, Potter. .59, 64, 79, 82, 63, 171, 

404, 424, 597, 649, 655 

Palmer, Robert C 122, 125 

Palmeter, James II ,. 383 

Paltzer, Charles A. 381 

Pank, J. II 576 

Paoli, G. C 518, 519, 520, 527, 528, 543 

Pardee, J. W 387 

I'anlee, Rev. Luther 405, 782 

Park, George H 378 

Park, Roswell 512,518, 526 

Parker, Anna M 538 

Parker, Charles I -'5O, 584 

Parker, Charles J. E 683 

Parker, Edwin S. - .- 524 

Parker, Eliza Jane 80 

Parker, Elizabeth M.. 682 

Parker, F. L. 295 

Parker, Francis \V._ 624, 875 

Parker, G. G _ 320 

Parker, Hilon A. ._ 875 

Parker, James O._ 388 

Parker, J. Mason -3QO, 458 

Parker, John 395 

Parker, John K._ __ 276 

Parker, L. D 595, 596 

Parker, Mary 114 

Parker, Mrs. K. W._ 419 

Parker, Mrs. J. C . 419 

Parker, Rev. A. K. 405, 814 

Parker & Stearns __ 8l 

Parker, T. S. 369 

Parkes, Charles T... 508, 522, 525, 528, 608 

Parkes, Mrs. L. D 520 

Parkhurst, Adella S. 272 

Parkhurst, J. J. 233 

Parkhurst, Rev. M. M... 789, 791, 792, 795 

Parish, F. K. _ 382 

Parish, John L. 875 

Parish, S. M. __ 449 

Parish, William II. 847 

Parmelee, Franklin 164, 166 

Parmelee, Helen. 315 

Parmelee, Mrs. H. A 419 

Parnell, Charles Stewart 866 

Parrish. Minnie E _ 725 

Parry, Rev. Thomas 799 

Parry, Samuel 395 

Parsons, E. L._ 375 

Parsons & Foster _ 375 

Parsons, J. B. _ log 

Parsons, John H. __ 227 

Parsons, Mrs. James 522 

Parsons, William 375 

Partridge, F. _ _ 69 

Partridge, John C _ 581 

Partridge (John C.) & Co. 581 

Pasro, H. L 461,466 

Pasdeloup, Francis 458 

Patchin, A. 1) _. 483 

Paton, R. S. G 156 

Patrick, Milton S 655 

Patten, Charles I lutchinson 94 

Patten, EdwardS 596 

Patterson, Alexander 798 

Patterson, Austin 1 697 

Patterson, George 552 

Patterson, Isabella _ 798 

Patterson, I. H 547 

Patterson, Jane 798 

Patterson, John Gibson 395 

Patterson, Margaret W 281 

Patterson, Maria L 521 

Patterson. Mrs. L. E 625 

Patterson, Nelson _ 591 

Patterson, R. A 705 

Patterson, R. W 295, 296, 513, 696, 

802, 803, 804 

Patterson, Sarah_ 798 

Patterson, T. D 521 

Patterson, T. E 44,) 

Patterson, W. F 788 

Patterson, William Jeffrey 837 

Patti, Adalina 644 



Pattison, J. L 0.5 

Pattison, T. 126 

Patton, Francis L 796, 799, 802 

Patton, Rev. A. W. 791 

Patton, Rev. W. W 709, 844 

Patton, Robert II 401, 402, 404 

Paul, Charlotte V. 196 

Paul, James Kirk 397 

Paul, Louisa 736 

Pauli, Richard __ 422 

Patilin, Louisa 647 

Pauline, Eleanor 85 

Paulsen, Christina 863 

Paulsen, William A 282 

Pauquette, Matilda 346 

Pavey, C. W 586 

Paxton, Andrew 289, 290 

Payne, Elsie . 152 

Payne, H. C - 422 

Payne, William H 395 

Pazen, Joseph C 121 

Peabody, F. B 535, 612, 782 

Peabody, Francis S 388 

Peabody, J. B _ 520 

Peabody, S. H _. 430 

Peacock, Elisha 395 

Peacock, Joseph 372, 395 

Pearce, Frank I _ 657 

Pearce, J. Irving 172, 655, 657 

Pearson, E. H 373 

Pearson, Helen _ 625 

Pearson, James Henry --373, 806 

Pearson( J. H.) & Co 373 

Pearson, Leonora 582 

Pearson, N. P.. - 539, 543 

Pearson, Viora _ _. 745 

Pearsons, Daniel Kimball, 101, 102, 143, 

411, 413, 414, 522, 796 

Pearsons, D. M 295 

Pease, Benjamin L 449 

Pease, C. C _ 633 

Pease, George II 449 

Peasley, James C 392 

Peasley, Mrs. J. C. _ _ 424 

Peattie, Mrs. Elia W 684, 702 

Peattie, Robert B 684, 701, 702, 706 

Pebbles, Frank M _. 420 

Peck, Azel _ 77 

Peck, Charles Edwin 395 

Peck, Clarence I 827 

Peck, Ebenezer 397, 875 

Peck, Ferd. W .290, 393, 417, 421, 

610, (51, 827 

Peck, Hattie A. 297 

Peck, Mary J 479 

Peck, Miss A. E 611 

Peck, Mrs. Mary Kent Wythe 396 

Peck, Nathan S __ 401 

Peck, Rev. J. O 790 

Peck, Walter S 827 

Peckham, Willimene W 420 

Peddie, Rev. John 812 

Pederson, Julius 875 

Peevey, James 102, 865, 867 

Peiri, Gregory. 243 

Peironnet & Co 308 

Peironnet, James S 308, 320 

Pell, Elizabeth F 83 

Pellet, O. B._ 461 

Peltzer, Otto 459, 875 

Peltzer (Otto) & Co 459 

Pena, A. D. 804 

Pence. A. M 827, 875 

Pendleton, George H . 844 

Pendleton, Lavinia B 603 

Penfield, H. S 677 

Penguet, A 614 

Pennington, T. C 166 

Pennock, Nellie Ilatfield __ 664 

Pennoyer, Henry _ 395 

Pennoyer, James Monroe.. 395 

Penny, Arthur W 76 

Penny (Arthur W.) & Co 684 

Penny, George W ._ 76 

Penshorn, Emma 552 

Peppard, J. A 584 



Page 

Perren, Rev. C 814 

Perce, L. W . 303, 590, 591 

Percise, Addie 128 

Periolat, Clemens F. 342, 854 

Perkins, Amos H. 126 

Perkins, Barclay William 214 

Perkins, Charles 545, 619 

Perkins, David Walton. 642 

Perkins, J. A 521 

Perkins, Jane 376 

Perkins, W. W 146 

Perry, John H.. 290 

Perry, John S 99 

Perry, Lucy A 808 

Perry, Mary J 853 

Perry, Mrs. Abijah S 396 

Perry, Oliver H 703, 706 

Perry-Pearson Company 373 

Perry, Rev. H. G 672 

Perry, Robert L. 392, 393 

Perry, S. B _ 409 

Perry, S. Q._ __ _ 373 

Perry, William N 676, 677 

Persse, Matilda 271 

Perteet, Andrew J _. 243 

Peters, George 395 

Peters, Henry M 160, 163 

Peters, Herman 616 

Peters, John A 673 

Peters, Joseph G._ 546 

Peters, Mar 



ary . 



625 



Peterson, Andrew 444 

Peterson & Bay 444 

Peterson, Emma 692 

Peterson, Hannah 432 

Peterson, Helen M 510 

Peterson, James 291 

Peterson, J.C 868 

Peterson, Louisa 362 

Peterson, Peter. 867 

Petrie, Charles S 120, 121, 125 

Petrie, Mrs. E. D __ 625 

Petrie, Rev. W. J... 786 

Pettibone, Amos G 623,624, 797 

Pettibone, John E 617, 625 

Pettibone, R. F. 680 

Pettie, Sarah 361 

Pettiford, Lovina 733 

Pettingill, R. T 617, 620 

Pettit, Abbott & Co 713 

Petlit, Abbott, Scales & Briot 713 

Pettit, Briot & Co 713 

Pettit, Frank W. 713 

Pettitt, Smith & Co _ 689 

Pflaum, M , 617 

Pfeffer, Fred _._ 673 

Pfeifer, Catharine 724 

Pfeifer, C. H _ 726 

Pfeifer, Mrs. A. M 726 

Phelps, Ann O. 442 

Phelps, C. A 331 

Phelps, Dodge & Palmer 729 

Phelps, Egbert 684 

Phelps, E. P... 321 

Phelps, Erskine M... 402, 403, 404, 532, 

533, 650, 729, 873 

Phelps, George H 442, 840 

Phelps, John S 590 

Phelps, Luman A 631, 638 

Phelps, Rev. Joseph W 792, 794 

Phelps, Rev. M. M 795 

Phelps, O. B 102, 657, 867, 869 

Phelps, Simon D 846, 875 

Phelps, Sophia A. 150 

Phelps, William A 875 

Phelps, William W 354 

Philbrick, C. C _ 360 

Phillips, Alfred 121 

Phillips, Andrew Jackson 639 

Phillips, Charles B. 267, 618, 619, 629 

Phillips, Edward 856 

Phillips, G. W 320 

Phillips, James M 738 

Phillips, John.. - 737 

Phillips, John F 214 

Phillips, Rev. W. E. 522 



SI'KCIAI, INDEX. 



Page 

Phillips, \V. I). 366 

1'hilpot, B 787 

Phoenix-Cameron, Mrs. May 633. 637 

Pickands, Brown \ ('o 477 

1'ickard, HarlowS <>Ii), <><i( 

Pickard, Josiah I 14!), dii 

Pickerel), James II. 847 

Pickering, A. II 101 

Pickering, Arthur [ 420, 422 

I'ickering, Philander 307, 521 

Pickery, Charles \V 591 

Pickett, H. E 78 

Pierce, A 720, 836 

Pierce, Arnold 706 

Pierce, Asahel 395, 44S 

Pierce, Carrie C 452 

Pierce, C. \V _ 449 

Pierce, Frank 617 

Pierce, Franklin.. 833 

Pierce, Gerald _ 684 

Pierce, Gilbert A 698, ( 

Pierce. I.. W. 109 

Pierre, Mrs. C. F 419 

Pierre, Mrs. I.. A 62? 

r, Osborne I. 7}, 148 

Pierce, Rev. K. R. 815 

Pierce, Smith I). __ 395 

Pierce, \V.G. K. 681 

Pierce. William I 448, 449 

Pieroni, G. L. 615 

Pierson, Henry R 390 

Pierson iV Messer __ 365 

Pierson, R. N 875 

Pieser, Isaac 871 

1'ieser, Samuel _. 351 

Pigott, William 689 

Pike, Eugene S._ 449, 827 

Pike, Martha I, 494 

Pike, Mrs. E. S 519 

Pilgrim. Henry C 552 

Pimperton, Joseph 395 

Pinkerton, A. -E __ 119 

Pinkerton, Allan . . 119, 684 

Pinkerton, Eli/abeth II 119 

Pinkerton, Matt. W 119 

Pinkerton, Worth H. 119 

Pingree, William 619 

Pinkham. Ed 673 

Pinney, E. S 359 

Pinocei, L 615 

Pinta, S. E. 614 

Piper, Anson S._ 337 

Piper (A. S.) & Co... _ 337 

Piper. C'. E. __ _ ._ 871 

Piper, Jonathan 150 

Piper, Maria Dora 383 

Piper, Seth N. _ 337 

Piper, Thomas 337 

Pirrung, Conrad __ 362 

Pitlaway, James 613 

Pittman, Barbara 741 

Pitcher, I,. W 677, 678 

Pk-tsch, Mrs. E. F. _ 1 520 

Pitkin, Caroline D 488 

I'itkin, Mrs. Lorraine J 625 

Pitkin, Stephen G 619, (172. 673 

I'itkin, Vaughn & Cruver 465 

Pitts, A. V _ 501 

Pitts (A. V.) >V Co 501 

Pitts (II. A.) A: Co. 483 

Pitts, .1. -- 72 

Pitts, Lucy _ 72 

Plamomlon, Ambrose (io. 487, 488 

Plumondon ( A. ) Manufacturing Co 487 

Plamomlon, Charles 487 

Plamondon, George.. 487 

Plant, George I) _ 856, 857 

Plass, I.i/.zie _ 747 

Platt, George W 422 

Platt, J. M 320 

Platt, Lewis 705 

Platt, Lucius C 808 

PI. ill, Mrs. Lucius C 419 

Platt (M. E.) & Co 686 

Platt, Sarah. 426 

Plant/., C. H -017, 870, 874 



Pleasants, George W 

Flecker, James H 

Plotke, Nathan M 854, 

Plows, William 1 

Plum, W. H...: 

Plum, William R 

Plum, William V.. 

Plumb. P. B 

PI urn be, George E '__ _. 

Pltimmer, C.G. ... ... 

Plummer, Jonathan W.. 546, 

Plunkett, Emma L . 

Podd, Rev. A. D 

Pohle, Rudolph 

Pohle & Klopp 

Polk, Rev. J. W 

Polkey, Samuel 

Pollak, Joseph 524, 

Pollard, J. K 429, 

Pollard, L. D 

Pomeroy, Harriet Cornelia 

Ponieroy, }. A. -. 

Pond, F. S 629, 631, 

Pond, George E 

Pond, H. H 620, 621, 623, 

Pond, Lucretia 

Pond, W. M 

Ponig, Herman- 

Pool, Jasper W 

Poole, William F 

Pope, Charles 1! 264, 

Pope, Rev. R. B 

Pope, Samuel Isaac 

Pope, W. I 320, 

Pope, Will'ard S 

Porter, Abel Duncan 

Porter, Alfred S 676, 677, 

Porter Brothers Company 

Porter, Duff 

Porter, F. D 

Porter, Frank I, 

Porter, F. \V 

Porter, Hibbard 

Porter, H. H 365, 

Porter, II. T 

Porter, John Bliss 

Porter, Mrs. Julia F 

Porter, Mrs. Laura E. (Kenny) 

Porter, Millett N __" 

Porter, Rev. Frederick 

Porter, Rev. Jeremiah 

Porter, Rev. fonathan G 

Porter, Robert P 

Porter, Washington 

Porter, William A 

Porter. William II 

Porteous, William 

Possel. H. K. Edward.. 

Post, Charles N 

Post, Lilly : 647, 

Post, Rev. lacob Sol, 

Post, Rev. John C 

Post, Rev. Truman M 

Post, Rev. William S 

Post, W. R 

Postgate, John W 

Postlethvvahe, Rev. W. M. 

Potter, D. J 

Potter, Edwin A __ 

Potter, Mrs. O. W 424, 

Potter, O. W...I52, 290, 405, 418, 535, 
6<xi, 649, 

Potter. T. J 

Potts, John G 

Pot win, I lenry 

Poulson, William E 6iS, 619, 

Powell, Edwin . 508, 526, 608, 

Powell, George __ . 101 

Powell, M. A._ ' 

Powell, Margaret _. 

Powell, Mary 

Powell, Matilda 

Powell, Samuel. .. 

Powell, W. B... 

Powell, William S .854, 

Power, Mary P. 



Page 
245 

265 

875 

6lC 

684 

256 

395 
871 
701 

677 

547 
248 

8i5 
742 
742 
815 
449 
615 
816 
624 

234 
485 
632 

583 
624 
411 
72 
616 
397 
415 
295 
789 

94 
423 
431 
395 
678 

348 
684 
527 
551 
616 
396 
649 

365 
288 

527 
490 

551 
793 
395 
397 
699 

349 

237 

857 
626 

545 
634 
648 
804 

395 
809 
798 
800 
684 
787 
335 
752 
520 

827 
649 
626 
827 
624 
616 
854 
397 
247 

427 
341 
59 6 
150 

875 

157 



Page 

Power, S. T -- 5*5 

Powers, E. E 321 

Powers, Elizabeth M 95 

Powers, H. G 441 

Powers, Miss Carrie E.. 148,422 

Powers, Rev. H. N. 608, 611, 710 

Powers, Richard- - 852 

Powers, William C - 395 

Prager, Eugene 869 

Prato, A... - 615 

Pratt, Cyrus N --. 457 

Pratt, C. O f'i7 

Pratt, Edwin Hartley 535, 536, 629 

Pratt, George O. ..-' 618 

Pratt, Henry 618 

Pratt, Horatio 388 

Pratt, James 866 

Pratt, Julia 337 

Pratt, J. T _ 591 

Pratt, Leonard 535, 536 

Pratt, Parker & Co.. 388 

Pratt, R. S 865 

Pratt, Silas G 629,640,651 

Pray, Lucinda A 344 

Preble, Nancy L. 497 

Preble, W. lf.___ 502 

Prendergast, Richard 239 

Prentice, John H. - 403 

Prentice, Leon H 493, 494 

Prentice, Sartell 449, 592 

Prentiss, Benjamin C 798 

Prentiss, L. M 629,631 

Prentiss, William P. 617 

Prescott, D. Clint 488 

Prescott, Joel A 125 

Press, Adam J 425 

Press, Jacob 747 

Preston, Deniing A 798 

Preston, Emma _ 685 

Preston, E. B 725 

Preston (E. B.) & Co 724 

Preston, G. E 725 

Preston, Josiah W 296, 298, 318, 320 

Preston, Kean & Co 792 

Preston, Noble D _ _. 745 

Preston, Sophy 103 

Preussner, Mrs. R. B 422 

Prickett, David 412 

Price, Amy B. 119 

Price, Abner 77 

Price, Cornelius 77, 171, 172, 395 

Price, Frederick J 119 

Price, George W 1 19 

Price, Ida M. 119 

Price, Isaac N 496 

Price & Kaufman 496 

Price, Minnie A 119 

Price, Mrs. A. D 519 

Price, Mrs. O. J. 625 

Price, O. J 625 

Price, Peter 694 

Price, P. Bird 331 

Price, Vincent C 330 

Price, William ... 77,397 

Price, William D. 89 

Priestly, Howard 298, 320 

Prince, Frederick H 491 

Prince, Martin M 552 

Prindiville, Redmond __ 126, 862 

Pring, Charles N. ._ _ 629 

Pritchard, Rev. Calvin W 711 

Proctor, Maria __ 287 

Proctor, Rev. Robert __ 794 

Proebsting, Charles 182 

Prosser, T. T. 604 

Proud, Abbie 349 

I'roiity, Ellen M '_ 537 

Prudden, Elizabeth 810 

i'russing, Ernst 449, 864 

Pruyne, C. P ----543. 544 

Pruyne, Peter 854 

Pncetti, P 615 

?udewa, H _. 694 

Puetz, Rev. Anselm 768 

?ugh, Esther. _ __ 872 

Pugner, Josef _. 186 



SPECIAL IND1.X. 



29 



Page 

Pulley, Elizabeth A 541 

Polling, Howell 357 

Pullman, Charles M.._ 560 

Pullman, George M.--72, 79, 152, 229, 
232, 290, 393, 405, 416, 417, 439, 

542, 560, 608, 609, 649, 650 

Pullman Iron iV Steel Co 230 

Pullman, Mrs. George M 519 

Pullman, Mrs. M. McD... .. 422 

Pumpelly, James K _ 427 

Purcell, Thomas 102, 865, 867, 869, 871 

Purdy, C. \V. 528 

I'imly, John II. 750 

Piinly (j. II.) & Co. 750 

Purely, Warren G. 588, 617, 619, 622 

Purington, II. V. __ 609 

PuriiUon, II. G.- 619 

Puscheck, Charles _ 163 

Pusheck, C. G.-- 604 

Putnam, Carrie T 298 

Putnam, Helen A 504 

Putnam, J. K. 449 

Putnam, Mrs. A. II 152 

Pyatt, Frank 550 

Pyburn, Annie _;_ 290 

Pyne, James 854 

Pyott, Ida .-- 481 

Ouackenbush, Sarah M 479 

<>uales, N. T 608 

yuan, W. J _ 290 

Oueal, O. H 381 

nueal, K. F 365, 415 

yuerolli, A 615 

nnest, Joseph 1 673 

Ouick, |. II. S 401, 402, 404 

Ouill, Dennis 186 

Ouine, William E. . 513, 515, 518,527 

Otiinlan, Elizabeth G 285 

Ouinlan, Simon .. 625 

l.luinlin, Simon J.- 672 

Ouinn, Gordon H 587 

Ouinn, James _ 410, 875 

Ouinn, James N 102, 868, 870, 871 

niiinn, Mary E ._ 573 

Ouirk, liart 101, 143, 865, 868 

Ouirk, Daniel 585 

(juirk, James 109,586, 587, 588 

Kaab, Henry-.- _.. 853 

Raber, John 867 

Race, Albert 255 

Radell, MaryE 529 

Kadziejewski, Rev. John 775 

Rae, Robert _. 677 

Raffen, Alexander W 489 

Raffen, John T... 489 

Rafferty, Christian 243 

Rafferty, Christopher . 250 

Rafferty, Patrick 854, 866 

Ragan, John Grover . 395 

Raggio, Charles A _ 361 

Kaggio, John G. 361 

Rahlfs, George 182 

Rahmanop, Elizabeth 375 

Rainey, George W 787 

Ralston. H. M. .. 797 

Ralston, Mrs. H. M 419 

Rambo, E. B 622 

Ramsey, C. D 592 

Ramsey, T- L _ 681 

Ramsey, W. W 800 

Rand, C. \V 584 

Rand, M. L _ 521 

Rand, McNally & Co. 690 

Rand, Socrates 395 

Randall, Eloise O _ 150 

Randall, G. P 617 

Randall, Mary J 370 

Randall, Mrs. O. D 613 

Randall, Sadie 122 

Randall, Samuel J. 872 

Randolph, Charles.. 298, 299, 310, 320, 

316, 684 

Randolph, George F. 854 

Randolph, Johanna 724 

Randolph, Mahlon _ 70 

Randolph, Smith M 70, 590 



Rankin, Annie 7gf 

Rankiu, John _ 798 

Ranney, Henry Collings, 320, 331, 429, 

618,620, 622, 623, 629 

Ranney, Joseph N. 22 

Ranney, J. S - .- 45 

Ranney (J. S.) & Co 453 

Ranseen, Rev. Matthew C 523, 822 

Ransome, R. W 706 

Rapke, Jacob 254 

Rapp, Magdalena . . 819 

Rascher, Charles 70 

Rasmussen, Oluf A _. 694 

Rastall, Samuel 694 

Raster, Herman 415, 564, 704 

Rathbone, Joseph 69, 379 

Rathbone, Sard & Co 483 

Rathborne, William W 377 

Rathbun, Charity J. 370 

Rathburn, R. W 584 

Ratlidge, Annie 625 

Ratto, G. R._ 615 

Raubold, John G._ 426, 427 

Raubokl & I,ambin. 426 

Rauch, Albert 615 

Rauch, J. H _ 156, 608 

Raum, Green 15 849 

Ravenot, O 614 

Rawle, John 86 

Rawleigh, James T 102, 320 

Rawleigh, William .. 854 

Rawson, S. W 405, 522 

Ray. C. H _ 834 

Ray, Frank D 360, 361 

Ray, S. A 360 

Rayman. Mary. 97 

Raymond, Benjamin Wright- -397, 526, 610 

Raymond, C. L 295 

Raymond, H. W. 407, 408 

Raymond, James H 274 

Raymond, J. N _ 503 

Raymond, Marcia 257 

Raymond, Mrs. Amelia Porter 396 

Raymond, Samuel 1? 871, 875 

Rayne, Mrs. M. L 684 

Raynolds & Co. _ 121 

Kazzio, G. D 615 

Rea, John H 558 

Rea, R. L. 508, 512, 515 

Read, Benjamin F 338 

Read, Harry J 337 

Read, Juliet E 544 

Read, Rev. E. B __ 809 

Read, T. M _. . 590 

Read, William T. B 337 

Read, William T. B., Jr 337 

Reader, Daniel L 395 

Reading, Edgar _ 539 

Reading, E. M 539 

Ream, Cadurcis P _ 422 

Ream, Norman B 298,320,429, 650 

Rech, Rev. P ._ _ 794 

Rector, Charles E 362 

Redfield, Alice __ 639 

Redfield, Bertha E 753 

Redington, F. A __ _ 800 

Reece, Jasper N --586, 590 

Reed, Charles 860 

Reed, Charles H 240, 254, 864, 868 

Reed, Charlotte S - - . . 245 

Reed, E. H 375 

Reed, F. B 584 

Reed, F. J 126 

Reed, George W. ._ 191, 875 

Reed (J. H.) & Co 698 

Reed, Nate A. 706 

Reed, P. Fishe 684 

Reed, Roland __ _ 705 

Reed, W. II 591 

Reed, W. I 375 

Reedy, James W 499 

Reedy (J. W.) Elevator Manufacturing 

c - -- 499 

Reeme, J. B 320 

Rees, James H 394, 397 

Rees, Mrs. Harriet F 396 



Rees, Mrs. James II. 521 

Reese, Frederick -. -.So, 617 

Reese, Michael,- _ 524 

Reese, Rev. W. II 793 

Reeve, George Bell 224 



Reeve, Tappin 82 

Keeves, Margaret T. 727 

Regan (J. I..) & Co. 6S(, 

Rehm, Jacob.. 108, 115, 182, 184, 565, 

855, 856, 860 

Reid, Harvey . <>s | 

Reid, lames G. 515, 544 

Reid, J. M 519 

Reid, John ...156, 606, 608 

Reid, John Adams 395 

Reid, John W 80 

Reid, Kate 625 

Reid, Murdoch & Fisher 348 

Reid* Phelps.. 467 

Reid, Rev. j. M 70.1 

Reid, Rev. L. II 804 

Reid, Rev. Lewis R 800 

Reid, Robert _ 563 

Reid, Rupert F. 80 

Reid, Simon 233 

Reid, Thomas _ 467 

Reidy, Philip 101, 854, 869 

Reifschneider, Charles L. 578 

Reifsneider, Charles 618 

Reifsneider, P. O 618 

Reilly, Thomas D 854 

Reis, Alphons . 525 

Reis, Mrs. Elizabeth Baumgarten 396 

Reis, Nic 870 

Reis, Jacob Nicholas 395 

Reis, John P., Jr _ 397 

Reisig, Matilda 387 

Reitzell, Mary 258 

Religio-Philosophical Journal 832 

Remick & Newell __ 723 

Remmertz, Franz.. 633, 649, 650 

Remsen, John J. 673 

Remy, Curtis II 277 

Rend, W. P. 290, 614 

Rendtorff, Emma 485 

Rendtorff, S. E 485 

Renn. George 83 

Reno, Charles A 108, 855, 856, 857 

Renlner F 820 

Requa, Stephen F 827 

Reutel, Letta 689 

Reuter, Henry 548 

Revell, F. H 824 

Revere, Stephen P 102, 871 

Rew, Annie M. 247 

Rexford, Heber S 397 

Re.xford, Stephen 837 

Reynolds, A. B._. _. 156 

Reynolds, Alice F. 751 

Reynolds, B. P 684 

Reynolds, B. W 82 

Reynolds, Florence C _ 260 

Reynolds, Frank D _ _ 82 

Reynolds, George W 525 

Reynolds, H. J 515 

Reynolds, John P _. 331, 655, 657 

Reynolds, J. S.. 846, 875 

Reynolds, Maria E 236 

Reynolds, Mary L 247 

Reynolds, Silas __ 395 

Reynolds, William C _ 667 

Reyburn, W. H. 590 

Rhinehart, Mary A 582 

Rhines, Mrs. Minerva 397 

Rhode, Rudolph E 552 

Rhodes, George L 214 

Rhodes, John Foster. 281 

Rhodes, Kufus Napoleon 287 

Riall, J. G 150 

Riboni, G 615 

Rice (C. L.) & Co 487, 492 

Rice, Elliott Smith 761 

Rice, F. L . 430 

Rice, II. W . 808 

Rice (H. \V.)& Co 461 

Rice, James H. - 100 



3 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



Kiev, John A. V 

Kir*-, lohn 1? 249, 2<>,, S 45, 858 

Rjce, 'Mrs. II. II 419 

Rice, Mrs. John A 419 

Rice, Patrick __ 

Rice, 1'. II 

Rice, Rev. Nathan I 802 

Rice, Theodore F 82<) 

Rice, \V. II 418 

Rich, Frank 345 

Richard, I.ncy Larned 521 

Richards, Cornelia 642 

Richards, John T __ 617 

Richards, J. \V. 622 

Richards, Mary - .. 747 

Richards, Rev. J. \V 792, 71)3 

Richardson, John Rayner 51'' 

Richardson, Lloyd Huranl ...233, oji, 624 

Richardson, Mrs. C. 1. t 419 

Richardson, Sarah J ... 74S 

Richardson, William A 844 

Richardson, \V. I). 478 

Richardson, William E 320 

Richardson, William II. 101 

Richbcrg, |ohn ('. 146, 864, S66, 874 

Richey, George II. 374 

Richev, S. O. _ 520 

Kicholson, Benjamin F _ 282, 809 

Richon, Ilattie,. 98 

Richmond, Mrs. Cora I,. V. ... 831 

Richmond, Thomas _ 832 

Richmond, William 832 

Rickaby, Richard W 146, 865 

Rickc, Henry __ 449, 739 

Kickords, George E 459 

Rickords >V Huntoon 357 

Riddell, Lizzie 690 

Riddle, Francis A. 256 

Riddle, Francis II - 875 

Riddle, Rev. Francis A 804 

Rideout, Maria S 90 

Ridge! v, Charles . 47^ 

Ridgway, Hamlet C 350 

Ridgway, Ilattie 378 

Ridgway, James V 749 

Kidgway, William 378 

Riebe, Slarie Clotilda _ 547 

Riedler, Frank 449 

Riehs. Mary \ 491 

Rieke, Henry 615 

Rielly, James, Jr 344 

Rietz, August 375 

Kiel*. Charles 375 

Rietz (Charles) Brothers Lumber Com- 
pany 375 

Riet/, Edward G. W 375 

Kiel/, Frederick 375 

Riggle, Millard F 625 

Rings, L. C _ 624 

Riker, Mary K. 203 

Riley, Augusta M. ._ 379 

Kiley, George 86 

Riley, Mary A _ 479 

Riley, Richard u(> 

Rinaker, John A 871 

Kinehart, George F. _. 307 

Riordan, I). M 385 

Riordan, John 102, 865, 867, 869, 871 

Riordan, .Mary 529 

Riordan, Rev. I ). J . 773 

Riordan, Rev. I'. W 767, 769, 773, 776 

Rising, C. L. 216 

Ritchie, Rev. Arthur 784, 785 

Ritchie, Esher & Judd 

Ritchie, John 706 

Ritchie, William 558 

Rittler, Johanna 362 

Rittmiller, George H 617 

Rivera, T. C. 543 

Roach, Andrews iV Co 304 

Roach, O. II. 304 

Robb, lames. 

Robb, Mary . ._ 521 

Robh, Nellie . 239 

Robe. Harriets _ 562 

Robert, I'.eck 865 



Roberts, I'.essie 348 

Roberts, David 613 

Roberts, Frances 1 711 

Roberts, George I! 365 

Roberts, George F 535 

Roberts, George R 366, 369, 375, 626 

Roberts, Isabel 492 

Roberts, Juan nctte 492 

Roberts, John A. G. _ 601 

Roberts, John II 416 

Roberts. Lizzie I? 538 

Roberts, Maria K 707 

Roberts, Myron P ._ 546 

Roberts, Norman W 543 

Roberts, R. Kiddle 291, 618 

Robertson, Eli/abeth 345 

Robertson, J. II 320 

Robertson, Mary... 94 

Robbins, Henry S 277 

Kobbins, Joseph 618 

Robbins, Lina 750 

Robins, Mrs. Richard _ 612 

Robins, Richard 592 

Robinson, ('.]'.._ 93 

Robinson, Elisha A .. 349 

Robinson, F. II. 788 

Robinson, Harriet 577 

Robinson, Henson _ 625 

Robinson, J. A 522 

Robinson, J. K._ 7 S 2 

Robinson, John C 80 

Robinson, M. F. _ 875 

Robinson, M. S 272 

Robinson, M. W. 875 

Robinson, Robert W 249 

Robinson, Sabrina 400 

Robinson, Sarah R 563 

Roby, Kdward 253 

Roby, Ida II 625 

Roche & Farrell 573 

Roche James II. __ 96 

Roche (James) & Spencer 492 

Roche, John A. _ 492, 875 

Roclier, II __ 616, 629 

Rockwell, Addis L _ 875 

Rockwell, F. M 604 

Rockwell, James 395 

Rockwood, Frank li 807 

Rockwood, W. II _ 546 

Rodatz, Jacob __ 93 

Rodemeyer, Louisa 739 

Rodman, Florence _ 128 

Rodriguez, Antonio _ _. 582 

Roe, Charles Hill ... 816, 817 

Roe, John 374 

Roemheld, Mrs. Natalie 148 

Roffmot, P 614 

Rogers, Edward Kendall 397, 439, 762, 854 

Rogers, F.llen 612 

Rogers, George Mills 103, 402, 404 

Rogers, Ilattie E 274 

Rogers, Henry 548 

Rogers, H. W 290, 869 

Rogers, H. W., Jr 310, 320, 807 

Rogers, J. C 320 

Rogers, John G 103, 172, 238, 405, 

610, 626 

Rogers, John Gorin _ 548 

Rogers,}. Howard 672 

Rogers, J. M 423 

Rogers, Joseph M 267, 421 

Rogers, Mary F.. _ 540 

Rogers, Mrs. Mary K 397 

Rogers, Rev. 11. A 785 

Rolule, Rev. Nemesius 768 

Rolilcr, Rev. II. _.. 830 

Rohner, Frank G. 629 

Roland, Rev. II _ 819 

Roler, K. ( ). F. 5 i 2i 534 

Roles, Rev. Joseph P. 768 

Rollins, Charles K. 404 

Rollins, C. I-!. _ 520 

Roll.. (W. K.} \ Son 46! 

Kollo, William K. jS6, 461 

Komayne, Charles 617 

Rumvall, Ida Sophia 821 



Rook, Jesse J 875 

Rooney, William 397 

Roos, liernhard L 552, (.17 

Root& Cady. 636 

Root, Charles T. 629 

Root, Chester L. 565 

Root. Eliza II 520 

Root, Enoch. 420 

Root, E. T 638 

Root, Fanny 631, 632 

Root, Francis II 483 

Root, Frederic W 637 

Root, George F 542 

Root, James I' 846,847, 852, 875 

Root, Joseph Sackett 397 

Rosecrans, W. S 873 

Rosen baum, Joseph 297 

Rosenbaum, Morris 297 

Roseboom, Vi"illiam I. ._ 345 

Rosenberg, II. M 422 

Rosenberg, Jacob.. 101, 102, 143, 524, 

615, 655. ''57 
Rosenblatt, Henrietta 724 



Kosenfcld, Augusta 722 

Koscnheim, Hannah 724 

Rosenthal, Julius 415,608,609, 615 

Ross, Julius C. I) 453 

Ross & Foster 96, 654 

Ross, G. H. -. __ 210 

Ross, H..H 32.. 

Ross, James 1 461 , 466 

Ross, |oseph I' 508, 522, 798 

Ross, Richard C 836 

Ross, W. M. iV Co in 

Rossitur, Newton .. .. 834 

Rossow Brothers 747 

Rossow, Charles _ 747 

Rossow, F'rederick _ 747 

Rothwell, II. R 617, 619 

Roubik, Josef 186 

Roundy, I). C _. 624 

Rounseville, Mdme. Christine Nielson.. 635 

Rounseville, William 412 

Rountree, Anna ... 77 

Rountree, John M 875 

Rourier, Sarah J. I __ 150 

Rowe, Anna 363 

Rowell (George P.) & Co 412 

Rowles, J. A _ 570 

Rowley, Rev. Joseph 815 

Roy, Rev. John E _. 816 

Roys, Cyrus D 218 

Rozet, George II. 478 

Rubens, Harry 281, 865, 866, S6S, 872 

Rucker, Henry L. _ 836 

Ruddock, Charles H. 383 

Ruddock, Nuttall & Co 383 

Ruddock, Thomas S 383 

Ruddy, Watson ._ 869 

Rue, John C. 395 

Ruehl, William _._ 577 

Ruehling, E. W _ 631 

Ruff, Joseph 680 

Ruger, W. H 871 

Ruggles, Hattie M 681 

Ruhbaum, Rudolph 864 

Ruhling, Adolph 755 

Rullman, Marie 513 

Rummell, Franz 639 

Rumsey, George D 319. 320 

Rumsey, George F 392, 397, 411, 413 

Rumsey, Israel Parsons. ..290, 303, 320, 522 

Rumsey, J. F __ 411 

Rumsey, Julian S. --44I, 609, 840 

Rundell, Adeline _ _ _ 186 

Rundlett, Taylor P 592 

Runnion, James B 392, 684, 695 

Runyan, Eben F .146, 175, 182 

Rupert, A. J 421, 422 

|* usl1 - i' : - F 539, 541 

Russ, A. B . 762 

Russ, Mrs. A. B 025 

Russell, AIfred__ .589, 616, 623,624 

Russell, Charles II 232 

Russell, Francis William 232 

Russell (Gholson G.) & Co 564 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



Page 

Russell, J - 172 

Russell, Jacob 395, j(jp 

Russell, J. K.-_ 370 

Russell, I. K. & Co 370 

Russell, J. W 156 

Russell, Martin J 171, 403, 697, 702, 706 

Russell, Sarah K 112 

Russell, \Villiam 103 

Russell, W. H __. 581 

Rust & Coolidge 131 

Rust, H. A. ._ _ 521 

Rust. Mrs. H. A 419 

Rutherford, William 800 

Rutter, Charles L 512, 526 

Rutter, Esther E._ 387 

Rutter, Joseph O. .._ 862 

Ryan, Bridget 727 

Ryan, Cornelius 867 

Ryan, I) _ 585 

Ryan, Daniel 870 

Ryan, Dennis 358 

Ryan, Edward E 416 

Ryan (E. E.) & Co... 461 

Ryan, E. G 397 

Ryan, Frank J _ 626 

Ryan, James Ellsworth 541, 542 

Ryan, J. J 695 

Ryan, M.__ __ioi, 102, 126 

Ryan, Michael 96, 868, 870 

Ryan, Michael W ..... 239, 278 

Ryan, P. _ 866 

Ryan, Rev. Francis 771 

Ryan, Thomas 96, 617, 866, 867 

Ryan, Timothy K... 868 

Ryder, Andrew 685 

Ryder, Rev. \V. II 290, 518, 520, 826 

Rye. Caroline 544 

Ryerson, Arthur 522, 407 

Ryerson, John F 411 

Ryerson, J. T. 519, 526, 608, 609 

Ryerson (Joseph T.) & Son 480 

Ryerson, M. A. 610 

Ryerson, Martin ._ _ 372, 650 

Ryerson (Martin) & Co _ 371 

Ryerson, Mrs. James 522 

Ryerson, Mrs. Joseph T. . 782 

Ryland, |. II 782 

St. Cyr, Rev. John Mary Ireneus. 397 

St. George, Dora .. 754 

St. John, E 616, 622, 787, 788 

Si. |ohn, T. M. 625 

St. John, John P 872, 873 

St. lohn, Leonard 515 

St. John, Mae I 646, 647 

St. Peter, Telesford 570 

Sabin, A. R 629, 631 

Sackett, Delos B _. 592 

Sackett, Joshua S 395 

Sackrider, A 627 

Sackrider, Christian 396 

Safford, Truman Henry 817 

Sage, John. 329 

Sage, Rose 73 2 

Sale, Rev. Samuel _ 830 

Salisbury, C. H... m 406 

Salisbury, Jerome __ jjg 

Salisbury, O. H 407 

Salomon, L 233 

Salomon (L.) & Co _ 233 

Salsbury, Nate R 34q 

Sammonds. Sarah 490 

Sanimons, Maria L. _ _ 40.9 

Sammons, Medora A _. 727 

Sampsel, Annie 214 

Sampson, Osborne 418 

Sams, J. H. I 72 

Sanborn, John F 618 

Sanburn, f. H _ g 2 i 

Sandell, Rev. K. """ 815 

Sanders, Louise ._ 509 

Sanders, Mrs. C. A j 2o 

Sanders. Patrick 102, 143, 866, S68, 870 

Sanderson, Annie E._ 388 

Sandham, Frederick __ . 483 

Sands, Emily. _ f,.j_j 

Sands (L.) & Co 3 6S 



Page 

Sands, Obadiah __ 360 

Sandstrom, August 481 

Sandstrom (A.) & Co 482 

Sandstrom, Charles Emil 482 

Sanford, Annie H. 745 

Sanger, Joseph P _. 583 

Sanger, Mrs. Catharine McKibben 397 

Sa nter, C. J _ 416 

Sard, William H._ --233, 393, 483, 484 

Sardam, Samuel Johnson 396 

Sargeant, Mary L 150 

Sargent, E. H 169, 542, 547 

Sargent, Homer E., 334, 418, 522, 6oS, 

650, 713 

Sargent, Mrs. Homer E 522 

Sargent, John 385 

Sargent, Welland Fairbanks 432 

Satterlee, Le Roy 816 

Satterlee, Merrill Lawrence _. 396 

Satterlee, Minnie. 84 

Satterthwaite, Elizabeth 761 

Sannders, 1!. M 404 

Sanret. Emil __ 639 

Sauret, G 614 

Savage Brothers 489, 490 

Savage Bros. & Co 490 

Savage, Tames I). . 619 

Savage, Rev. G. S. F 810 

Savage, Rev. J. Minot 804 

Savage, Richard ._ (89, 490 

Savage, Stephen D 619 

Savage, William Maurice 489, 490 

Sawers, Rev. Henry _. 800 

Sawin, George .. _ 625 

Sawin, (J. W.) & Co 131 

Sawyer, Alonzo J 816, 817 

Sawyer, C. B. 69, 520 

Sawyer, Charles S _ 328 

Sawyer, Edgar P 380 

Sawyer, Erna M 380 

Sawyer, E. W 156 

Sawyer, Franklin 340 

Sawyer-Goodman Company 380 

Sawyer, H. E 409 

Sawyer, Joseph 364 

Sawyer, L. N 222 

Sawyer, Nathaniel 396 

Sawyer, Offie 582 

Sawyer & Paige 546 

Sawyer, Philetus 380 

Sawyer, Sidney 396 

Sawyer, Susan 364 

Sayer, Rockwell _ 412 

Sayers, Joseph 99 

Savers, Zelina .. 342 

Sayre, Mrs. Harriet Lovett 397 

Sayrs, Mary L 76 

Scales, Frank 747 

Scammon, Charles Trufant 816 

Scammon, Franklin 558 

Scammon, John Young -.396, 407, 409, 
410, 428, 429, 430, 532, 533, 558, 
610, 689, 698, 761. 816, 834, 841, 

871. 875 

Scammon, Mrs. J. Y 424 

Scanlan, John F. 875 

Scanlan, Kate 244 

Scannell, Nellie T. 186 

Scales, Walter B 563 

Schaack, Michael John 112 

Schaapman, Rev. Henry A 771 

Schack, Frank 102, 869, 871 

Schack, Marcus 590 

Schade, Emma 444 

Schaefer, Frederick C. 512, 513, 526 

Schaefer, H ermine 70 

Schaefer, Matthew ._ 427 

Schaefermeyer, Rev. Liborius 768 

Schaeffer, W. 855 

Schafer, Mary _ 120 

Schaffner, Herman 445. 524, 615 

SchafTner (II.) & Co.._ 445 

Schaffner, Joseph 524, 615 

Schaffner, J. S 022 

Schaffner. Louis 101, 143, 847 

Srliull, A. 614 



Pagt 

Schaller, George J 523 

Schaller, J. __, 523 

Schailer, Mrs. Andrew 397 

Schandlin, H 855 

Scharff, Arthur H 587 

Scharlau, Charles E 875 

Schaub, Louis J. 74 

Schell, Augustus _. 219 

Scheppers, Desire (^uirini 525 

Scherer, Andrew _ 547 

Schesswohl, Jacob C 619 

Scheuermann, Frederick 538 

Schiellinger, J 855 

Schiffer, lodocas 525 

Schilling, Alexander 422 

Schilling, A. M 376 

Schilling, Emma 308 

Schilling, George 866, 867 

Schilling, George A. __ --847, S65 

Schilling, John _ 61)4 

Schillo, Anthony 482 

Schillo, Cossman & Co 482 

Schillo & Senn _ 482 

Schimmels, Christian 123 

Schimpferman, W. II. 350 

Schlacks, Charles 486 

Schlacks, Henry 197 

Schlesinger, J. J._ 875 

Schlesinger, Leopold 718 

Schlesinger & Mayer 718 

Schlesinger, R. J 186 

Schlitz, Joseph 580 

Schlitz (Joseph) Brewing Company 580 

Schloesser, Rev. Kirlianus. 768 

Schloetzer, George__ _ 156 

Schlossman, J. B. 408 

Schmedtgen, William 422 

Schmely, John 865 

Schmid, George 79 

Schmid, Godfrey --449i 453 

Schmid, John M 79 

Schmid, Robert 694 

Schmidt, Annie 68 

Schmidt, Eliza 240 

Schmidt, Ernst 524, 525, 608, 865, 867 

Schmidt, Fred. M 547 

Schmidt, J 615 

Schmidt, Kasper George lor, 578, 617 

Schmidt, Louisa 523 

Schmidt, Mary 340 

Schmidt, Otto I 525 

Schmidt, Rev. Eugene M 770 

Schmidt, Robert 579 

Schmitz, Michael IO1, 617 

Schneider, George -.172, 441, 610, 651, 

834, 852 

Schneider, Josephine F 384 

Schneider, Martha B. 576 

Schneider, Nicholas 486 

Schneider, Rev. John 615, Big 

Schneider. Rev. S __ 770 

Schneider, Samuel Newton __ 538 

Schnell, Rev. J 615 

Schnerr, Rev. Leander __ 770 

Schnur, Peter __ 121 

Schoch, J 615 

Schock, Adam 74, 397 

Schock, Frederick R. 73 

Schock, Frederick, Sr. 73 

Schoenhofen, Peter 578 

Schoeninger, Adolph 855, 856, 867 

Schofield, Charles D. 583 

Schofield, H. 617 

Schofield, John McAllister. _ 583 

Scholl, B. 616 

Scholle, Henry E 740 

Schoth, Johanna 739 

Schrader, Frederick 724 

Schrader & Neuzeit 724 

Schraeder, Henry 869 

Schraeder, W. L 449 

Schrenk, August 80 

Schroeder, A. W 619 

Schroeder, Henry __IO2,S66, SdS, 869 

Schroth, Catharine Christina 819 

Schrumm, Lena 425 



SPECIAL INDKX. 



Schucker, Mauritz 54? 

Schulenberg. J. 11. 246 

Schultz. Albert _ 619 

Schultz, August F. _ 427 

Schult/. (A. F.KtCo 427 

Schtiltze, E 631 

Schult/e, Louis 

Schulz, Lizzie 549 

Schumacher, (C'. I-'..) ,\ Sons 185 

Schuster, Antoine 574 

Schuster, Paul 574 

Schuttler, Peter. 64, 86, 847, 863 

Schwab, Charles II . 524, 615, 7 

Schwab. McOuaid \ C... 573 

Schwab, Pauline. 718 

Schwabacher t.x: Co. . 301 

Schwabacher, Julius . 301 

Schwabacher. Morris _ 301 

Schwartz, Charles _ __ 650 

Schwartz, J. 614 

Schwartz, William II 590 

Schwarz, William 855 

Schweich, Josephine Helen. 562 

Schweinfurth, Frank 855 

Schweisthal, Felix J 568 

Schweisthal, M. -.102. 143, 865 

Sehwencke, 1\ 694 

Schwerdt, C. F ., . 421 

Schwerdt, II. C. 420 

Schwingschagl, Theresa 579 

Schwiperich, Stanislaus 525 

Schwuchow, 1 855 

Schyus, Aloysius 525 

Id, T. Walker ... 546 

Scolield, Lewis . 426 

Scott, George E. 365 

Scott, lames W. 669, 702, 703, 706 

Scott, Mrs. Robert 419 

Scott, Rev. Hugh Macdonald SlI 

Scott, Rev. W. M. 802 

Scott, Rev. William Richardson Sol 

Robert -'<)<> 

Willard 39f> 

Willis 396 

Winfield 833 

:, Harry M 696 

Scovil, Mrs. M. M 419 

Scoville, George 518 

Scranton. Abner R 397 

Scribner, S. A 320 

Scribner, Wiley S .-247, 459, 591 

Scripps, John I 558 

Scudder, Mrs. H. M... 419 

Scudder, Rev. H. M. _. 808 

Scudder, W. L. 684 

Scudder, W. M ---. 441 

Scully, John K. 685 

Scully. "Martin 856, 857 

Searl, George A - 449 

Searle, Belle C 285 

Sears, Edwaid II 396 

Sears ,V Foster - 245 

Sears, John, Jr 54 

Sears, Joseph 610 

Sears, Nathaniel C... - 245 

Sears & Smith 546 

Seaton, S. G 102, 143 

Seavern, George A. 90, 465, 649 

Seaverns, W. S 320 

Seavey, V. A. 108, 865 

Sebastian, Michael. 736, 868 

Secomb, J. J 617 

vick, S". P 526 

Seeberger, A. F 405, 561, 562, 650, 

657, 865. 875 

Seeboeck, William C. E 633, 636 

Seeley, Eli/a A. 426 

Si-gal'e, G. - 615 

Seiben, Michael 7.1 

Seiden, Emile.... .. --" 

Seidenschwanz, C. 578 

Seiffert, Rud . 525 

Seinberger, Rev. Isaac 7<H 

Seipp, Harriet . (|^ 

Seipp iV Lehman 

Seipp, William C. 102.429,852, 865 



Scott 
Scott 
Scott 

Scott, 



Selkirk, lames 

Selkregg, Eliza J 

Selle, .Max 



Sel/., Morris 

Sel/, Schwab >V Co 

Sempill, Walter M. 

Sendlebach, Joseph 

Sengi, F.._ 

Senn, Solomon 

Senne, Henry* ' 

Sennott, Thomas W. __ 

Sensor, John W 

Severance. Luther 

Severin, Henry . , 102. 

Severinghaus. Kev. |. I) . 

Seward, William H."_ 

Sewell, Alfred 1 . 

Sexton, Austin O 

Sexton, James A 

Sexton, J. 1" 



-233, 



P*g. 

39 f 

865 
730 
730 
551 
91 



24<>, 247, 



241, 869. 
-->. 853 



Sexton, P. J 

Seymour, Edwin * ) 

Seymour, Horatio 

Seymour, II. F. 

Seymour, Horatio W 

Seymour, Kev. G. F .. 

Seymour & Sargent 

Sevmour, T. 1 1. . 



-97. 



Shackelford, Amelia 

Shackford, Elizabeth L 

Shackford, Samuel 

Shackley, John 

Shaddle, Mrs. Ellen Cadmas. 



855 
482 

875 
867 

39f' 
413 
871 

S2( 

255 
684 

75 

59 1 

104 

80 
870 

846 

35 
702 

779 
385 
331 
7"4 



422 
82 



Shaddle, Peter 

Shader, Augustus Edward 
Shaffer, ll.'k. 



104 

397 
397 
75' 
622 



Shaffer, J. C 

ShafTner, Benjamin F' 

Shaffner, Joseph . 

Shaler, William II. . 

Shapley, Morgan I 

Sharp, William 

Sharp, William II 



290 
264 
409 
462 

39 6 
626 



Shattuck, C. II 

Shaver, C. H 

Shaw, Annie C 

Shaw. Annie I 1 '. 

Shaw, Eleanora 

Shaw, Elijah 



.616. 



Shaw, Gilbert I! 

Shaw, Joseph.. 

Shaw, "Mrs. S. Van I). 

Shaw, Nettie 

Shaw, Siremba - _ 



010 

624 

686 
422 
255 
467 
626 

787 
741 
422 
62; 



Shaw, Thomas Jefferson. 

Shaw, Thomas M 

Shaw, William 

Shaw, William W 

Shay, Maurice W 

Shea, John J 

Sheahan, James W _ 

Sheald, Catherine 

Shear, Emma C 

Shears, * i. 1' . - 



415, 684, 691 



Shedd(E. A.) ,V Co 

Shedd, Mary 

Sh.ee.hy, Rev. Eugene 

Sheeler, Harvey 

Shelby, IJan'l 

Sheldon, A. 11. 

Sheldon, Kdwin II., i?<>. 



-532 



410, 



Sheldon, E. L 



4", 4'3, 
449. 



heldon, Henry I _ 

Sheldon, II. W 

Sheldon & Me* .'agg 

Sheldon, Minnie. 

Sheldon, Mrs. M.O 

Shelton, li. M 

hepard, I >aniel .. 



Shepard, Henry M 237 

Shepard, Jason H. 

Shepherd, Delia M. 

Shepherd, Edward T 

Shepherd, Henry L. 

Sheppard, Mrs. Samantha I >. 



-11-2 , 

26l, 4O2, 

187, iSS, 



512 
509 

853 

625 

326 

121 

108 

695 
676 
429 
533 
338 
422 
410 

84 
664 
854 

532 
827 
827 
522 

9i 
152 
522 
690 
846 

875 
189 

594 
465 

7" 
397 



Sheppard, Rev.R. I). 542, 789, 790, 

Sheppard, Richard Alexander 

Sheppard, T. II. 

Sheppard (T. II.) & Co 

Sheppard, William II 

Sherer, S. H 

Sherer, W. G. 



792 



Shergold, Thomas 

Sheridan, Henry F. . . 102, 853, 867, 



Sheridan, Mark lor, 108, 

Sheridan, M. J 

Sheridan, Philip II 

Sheridan, Redmond I 1 ' IO2, 866, 

Sheridan, Redmond, Jr 

Sheriden, Henry F._ 

Sherlock, P. T 

Sherridan, F.lvira C. 

Sherman, Alson Smith ... 

Sherman, Benjamin Borelen 

Sherman, Cora F'. 

Sherman, I ). S. . - 

Sherman, Edwin 

Sherman, Elijah I!. 236, 290, 291, 
569, 590, 626, 

Sherman, Ezra L 

Sherman, Francis C .128,834, 

Sherman, Frank T. 558, 

Sherman, ( Irace 



869, 
871, 

855, 



592, 
869, 



684, 

~_8 9 ; 



4<>9- 
627, 

174, 

843, 

584, 



Sherman, I. N.Walter 

Sherman, John.. 

Sherman, John K 78, 171, 262, 



Sherman, Josephine 
Sherman, J. Sterli 



334. 
335. 



Sherman, Julian S. 



ng- 



Sherman, Mrs. ]'.. I! 

Sherman, ( (wen 

Sherman, Wells 

Sherman. W. T 

Sherry, George _ 

Sherry, Patrick.. 



3"3 



Shervey, G. C. 



Sherwood, George 143 



Sherwood, George A. 

Sherwood, George W _ 

Sherwood, II . M 290, 522, 

Sherwood, William II. __ 

Shields, Charles J 

Shields, James 

Shiler, Sarah ._ 

Shi 1 1 , Jacob 

Shimp, Peter _ 



101 

610 



Shipley, Jacob M 

Shipley, Phirbe A 

Shipman, Eliza 

Shipman, George E. 532, 

Shipman , Mrs. S. V _ 

Shipman, Stephen V. . 

Shippen, Joseph 

Shipperman, Sarah E. 

Shippy, Frederick N . 

Shippy, George M. 

Shire, Adolph 

Shirland, William Harrie 

Shober & Carqueville 

Shoemaker, Walter 

Shoemaker (Walter) & Co 

Shorey, Daniel I 102, 415, 626, 

Shorfenburg, F 

Short, John 

Short, Mrs. |. I _ 

Shortall & Hoard '.. 

Shortall, John G 610, 

'hourds, C. B. 

Shover, Cyrus 

Shufeldt, George A 

Shufeldt, II. II. 
Shufeldt (H. H.) &Co. . 

^hulak. Rev. F. X 

Shull, Kate 

Shuman, Andrew 151, 684, 

Shumway, Waite & Towne .' 

Shurly, Edmund R. P... 

Shiirly Manufacturing Co 



611 



866, 
868, 



458, 
827, 



258 



572, 
703 



Page 
794 
113 
380 
380 
113 
log 
584 
98 

875 
862 
321 
605 

871 
873 
854 

374 
396 
467 

597 
39'' 
837 

875 
397 
845 
875 
374 
744 
871 

860 

174 
396 

513 
418 

39 s 
108 

584 

243 

694 
857 
544 
854 
706 
639 
451 
842 

36.3 
627 
119 
546 
54<~' 
522 
612 
419 

72 
258 

75' 
125 
122 
6I 7 
284 
121 
383 
383 

870 
522 
627 
419 

459 
866 
750 
397 
804 

-565 

577 
771 

383 

.847 

75" 
750 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



33 



Page 

Shute, Emma A. 173 

Sibley, Benjamin.. 847, 865 

Sibley, D. E -- -- 320 

Sibley, Hiram.. go 

Sibley (Hiram) & Co 121 

Sickel, H. E. D 867 

Sickles, Isabel _ 625 

Sidney, Alma. 351 

Sidway, L. B 167, 171, 172. 441 

Sidwell, George 101 

Sidwell, G. II 317, 320 

Sieber, Francis Adam Paul 512 

Sigmund, Herman 618 

Sigwalt, J. - 692 

Sigwalt Manufacturing Co 692 

Silhanek, Albert.... 186 

Silke, James Freeman 72 

Silva, C. P 449, 515 

Silvers, Joel 683 

Silvers, Joseph 417, 683 

Silversmith, Julius 711, 712 

Silvester, Ignazio 243 

Silvey, Edward _ 83, 799 

Simmen, John 736 

Simmonds, Charles E. 458 

Simmons, Charles A. .... .... 619 

Simmons, Charles E. 617 

Simmons, Conrad 81 

Simmons, Joseph 673 

Simmons, Mrs. Edward ._ 522 

Simmons, Rev. H. M. 711 

Simon, Johanna 482 

Simon, P 694 

Simonds, Edwin A 469 

Simons, Charlie B. 401 

Simons, Edward 400 

Simons, Edward N. . .. 280 

Simons, Franklin P. _ 244 

Simons, H _ . 69 

Simons, Rev. George H 793 

Simons, Samuel 102, 868, 869, 870, 871 

Simpson, John __ 508 

Simpson, Marcus D. L. ._ 583 

Sims, Mrs. Laura Bronson Sprague . .. 397 

Sinclair, Annie H _ 818 

Sinclair, Charles Frederick 527 

Sinclair, George E. __ .. ._ 622 

Sinclair, George F._ 616,618 

Sinclair, Mrs. Jane 397 

Sinclair, Mrs. Lydia Ann Nichols 397 

Sinclair, Peter __ 798 

Sinclair, Mrs. P 798 

Singer, Mrs. Ann 397 

Singer & Co 565 

Singer & Hall 566 

Singer, Horace M .849, 875 

Singley, Charles Cleary -515. 517, 518 

Sister Ambrose __ 778 

Sister Barromeo ._ 778 

Sister Dominica 778 

Sister M. Antoina 778 

Sister Mary Clement.. 778 

Sister M. Frances 778 

Sister M. Gonzaga _ 778 

Sister Mary Scholastica Drum .. 778 

Sister Thomasina 778 

Sister Villana 778 

Sittig, C. F 617 

Sittig, Eugene A _ 875 

Sitts, George. _ 626 

Skaats, Lilly N. E._ 150 

Skeen, J. C.__ ---687, 688 

Skeen & Stuart Stationery Company.. . 687 

Skeliy, W. H., Jr _ 875 

Skiles, Hugh P _ _ 800 

Skinner, A. D 854 

Skinner, Chloe M _ 268 

Skinner, Julia M _ 726 

Skinner, Mark 81, 128, 396, 411, 798, 834 

Skinner, Rev. Thomas H 802 

Slaby, John 427 

Slater, George R _ 396 

Sleeper, F. II 626 

Sleeper, J oseph A 598 

Slichter, J. B. 623, 624 

Sloan, Henry Harrison 510 



Page 

Sloan, Henry L...'. 630, 631,632 

Sloan, Jennie R. 422 

Sloan, J. R. 420 

Sloan, Robert 602 

Sloan, Samuel 467 

Sloan, W. L 464 

Slocum, J 150 

Slosson, Julia 371 

Slyke, J. R _. 590 

Sriiale, C. F 591 

Smail, William 626 

Smailes, Samuel 397 

Small, A. E 532, 533 

Small, D " 



J- 



448 

Small, Edward A 407 

Smalley, G. L._ 502 

Smeal, J. G 621 

Smiley, Mary J 76 

Smith, Abiar __ ... __ 396 

Smith, Abner _. 258 

Smith, Abner C 68 

Smith, Ada C 258 

Smith, Andrew F 74, 101 



Smith, A. J._ 122 

Smith, A. M _ 563 



Smith, A. P 438 

Smith, A. W 541 

Smith, Benjamin 396,801 

Smith, Byron Larlin.128, 290, 316, 320, 

411, 417, 439, 532, 649, 656, 796 

Smith, Catherine 344 

Smith, C. E 502 

Smith, Charles Gilman 518, 520 

Smith, Charlotte 260 

Smith, C. M .. 264 

Smith, C. Stoddard 542 

Smith, C. W 206, 523 

Smith, David Sheppard 396, 436, 532 

Smith, Edwin Burritt. ji8, 873 

Smith, Eli. 245, 622 

Smith, Elijah 397 

Smith, Ella B. __ 68 

Smith, Emma F 502 

Smith, E. S - 459 

Smith, E. W 619 

Smith, Fannie J. _ 197 

Smith, Frank J 261 

Smith, Gean 422 

Smith, General J. C 331 

Smith, George 128, 396 

Smith, G. C 617 

Smith, George T. . .316, 320 

Smith, George W., 167, 172 ,182, 413, 

575.617, 619, 713 

Smith, Gilbert R 617, 618 

Smith, Giles W 396 

Smith, Gneme Lisle 689 

Smith, Hattie W 70 

Smith, Haydn Kellogg .. 697, 698 

Smith, Henry P -676, 677 

Smith & Hogey - 550 

Smith, Ida B 726 

Smith (Ira) & Co 334 

Smith, J. A 684 

Smith, James B 407 

Smith, James P. , Jr 410 

Smith (James P.) & Co 337 

Smith, Jeanie 216 

Smith, Jennie .. 236 

Smith, Jennie E 538 

Smith, J. Eugene. _ 502 

Smith, J. G 591 

Smith, John _ 85 

Smith, John 762 

Smith, John C 622, 626, 627, 628, 853 

Smith, John M 396 

Smith, Joseph E 875 

Smith, Joseph F 396 

Smith, Julia Holmes 538 

Smith, Junius J 548 

Smith (J. J.) & Co. 548 

Smith, Kate 206 

Smith & Koplien 746 

Smith, K. G. 86 

Smith, Lafayette H 546 

Smith, Lot B 385, 848 



Page 

Smith & Malam 351 

Smith, Marian Agnes 72 

Smith, Mary 77,78 

Smith, M. B '. 816 

Smith, Margaret Dabney 287 

Smith, Marianda R. 470 

Smith, Marvin E. 618 

Smith, Mrs. L. H. 419 

Mrs. Matilda 149 

Mrs. Orson 522 

Mrs. Perry H 782 

Mrs. Willard 419 

Mrs. W. E 419 

Mrs. W. S... 611 

Oliver 249 

Orson 318, 320 

O. J - - 706 

Perry II 401, 649, 827, 861 

Perry H., Jr _ _ 277, 522 

Peter 254, 746 

Pliny B. 393 

R. D 848 

Rev. E. H... ..806 



Smith, 
Smith, 
Smith, 
Smith, 
Smith, 
Smith, 
Smith, 
Smith, 
Smith, 
Smith, 
Smith, 
Smith, 



Smith, 
Smith, 
Smith, 



Smith, Rev. Justin A. 710, 816 

Smith, Rev. Robert A 817 

Smith, R. J. .. 403, 404, 405, 461, 462, 466 

Smith, Robert W. 590, 591, 616 

Smith, Sarah Ella 690 

Smith, Sidney 319, 846, 864, 874 

Smith, Solomon A 413, 439, 440 

Smith, Susie R 720 

Smith, T. C 500 

Smith (T. C.) & Co. 500 

Smith, Thomas M 351 

Smith, U. P 69 

Smith, W. B _ 69 

Smith, Waldo Watt _ 397 

Smith, Willard 711 

Smith, William C 550 

Smith, William E 470 

Smith, William F 72 

Smith, William Henry.. 441, 560, 562, 

590, 706, 752, 847 

Smith, William Sooy 431 

Smull, Lizzie Barker 506 

Smyth, John M 102,852,866 

Snider, Alonzo 854 

Snigurski, Rev. Adolphus 775 

Snitzer, John .. 627 

Snitzler, John H._ 798 

Snoden. C. A 705,706 

Snow, Edgar M. 449 

Snow, Helen 424 

Snow, Mrs Elizabeth. 397 

Snow, William B. 197 

Snowden, Clinton C 401 

Snowell, John 320 

Snowhook, William B 397, 560 

Snydacker, A. G 409 

Snydacker, Godfrey 85 

Snyder, Elizabeth 80 

Snyder, John M . 590 

Snyder, Lizzie 707 

Snyder, MarvA. 625 

Snyder, Mrs.' W. H 625 

Snyder, O. C 535 

Snyder, Otho W. F 541 

Snyder, Rev. A. W 782 

Snyder, Rev. Gerrett 801 

Snyder, William H 618, 625 

Sobraro, Margaret 372 

Soden, Mary J. 673 

Soden, Mrs. William H 397 

Soetre, Allan 694 

Soller, John R 866 

Sollitt, John 77, 396 

Sollitt, Oliver N. 79 

Sollitt, Thomas 78, 79 

Sollitt, William 78 

Solomon, Amelia 342 

Solomon, G. S 542 

Somerville, Mary 78 

Somerville, William 565 

Somers, Richard 143 

Somerville, Rev. E. T 787 

Sommer, Frederick 101, 102 



34 



SI'KVIAI, 1NDKX. 



Sopet, Altx-rt 378 

Soules, Rufus 397 

Smith Branch Dock Company 368 

South Branch Lumber Company-- 368,369 

South, Caroline II <i<i 

South I (aisled-street Iron Works 482 

Southwell, C. P. 542 

Southwick, Charles II 101 

Southworth, John Moore 876 

Southworth, \V. I. 365,366 

Southwortb, William P 93 

Spalding, Albert G. 673 

Spalding(A. G.KV I'.ros 681 

Spalding, A. \V. 469 

Spalding, Jesse 101, 143, 366, 561, 562, 847 

Spalding, Rev. John I 769 

Spang, Peter _ _ ,sj 

Spatholt, H _- 619 

Spaulding, Julia S. 316 

Spaulding, P MS 

Spanlding, S. T 396 

Spar, Kli/a A. 374 

Sparks, \V. A. J 872 

Sparr, Augustus 84 

Speakman, Rachel 538 

Spears. Harry D 422 

Speer, Isaac 397 

Spelz, Mary 112 

Spencer, Alice E 218 

Spencer, Bernard Hake 360 

Spencer, I >. I'. --.- 436 

Spencer, !'. !' 290, 796 

Spencer, U.K... 94 

Spencer, Louisa L 253 

Spencer. Rev. \V. A 789 

Sperling, I. I). 543 

Sperry, E. A _. 598 

Spiegel, Joseph 524, 617, 738 

Spiegel, Sarah - 507 

Spink, A. 614 

Spink, !'. W. 590 

Spoehr, Charles A. 754 

Spooner, Frank E, ... 798 

Spooner, J. A _ 687 

Spork. Emelie 538 

Sporlein, Chrisline .- 91 

Sprague, A. A. 404, 405, 609, 649, 650, 651 

Sprague, Laura B 401 

Sprague, O. S. A.. 290, 409, 417, 421, 

423, 650, 865 

Sprague, Warner & Co 348, 582 

Sprague. William..- 410, 629, 630631, 632 

Spray, John C 162 

Spread, H. F 420, 422 

Spring, C. A., Jr . 827 

Spring, Giles 836 

Springer, George A 452 

Springer, Milton C 565 

Springer, W. \._ 449 

Springfield Iron Company-. 478 

Spry, John 372 

Spry, Mrs. John _ 419 

Squ'iers, Collins S .- 406, 555. 556, 557 

Squires, Caroline _ 625 

Staats, William 684 

Stabler, James 680 

Stacey, Mrs. T. E 630, 631, 632 

Stacy', H. C 627 

Stade, Mary 732 

Stafford, J. F 864 

Stager, Anson 72, 100, 219, 227, 390, 
3Q2, 393, 4<>4. 4"s, 44L 595. 597. 

'=!<>. 847 

Stahl, Esta J 94 

Stahl, Henry 865.866 

Stambach, Annie M 417 

Stambaugh, J. W. K 109 

Stamm, Rev. Martin 

Stampen, Jacob 868 

Stanford, George F 182 

Stanford, George W 175 

Stanley, Giles A 617 

Stanley, 1'. E 451 

Slanton. Daniel D 396 

Stanton, Edwin M i ig 

Stunton, Gertrude M 7411 



Page 

Stanton. James P - 114 

Stanton, William |H 

Staples. Frank M 678 

Starbuck, Henry E 72 

Stark, H 



enry. 



397 



Stark, J. L 258 

Starkey, II. M.. 524 

Starkweather, C. C 584 

Starkweather, F. A 584 

Starkweather, Mrs. L. H 631, 632 

Starne, Alexander 559 

Starr, II. A 591 

Start, Joseph 673 

Start, Rev. W. A 711 

Statten, Katherine 746 

Stauber, Frank A... 102, 485, 865, 866, 

867, 868 

Stauenberg, Hugo C 579 

Stauffer, John - 420 

Stearn, Delia 387 

Stearns, Georgiana 350 

Stearns, John 874 

Stearns, J. William 817 

Stearns, Marcus Cicero -390, 394. VIM. 

439. 447, 854, 862 

Stearns, Marguerite E. .. 103 

Stebbin, George C 629 

Steel iV Mc.Ma'non 133 

Steel, Mrs. Aslibel.. 397 

Steele, Daniel A. K 513, 515, 528 

Steele, Edward J ....108, 114 

Steele, Henry T... 808 

Stiele, James 5^5 

Steele, J. E. _. 677 

Steele, James \V _. 397 

Steele, Julius 676 

Steele, Mrs. Rebecca Allen 397 

Steele, Samuel V 705, 706 

Steen Brothers _ 747 

Steen, Julius W. 747 

Steen, Mathias H 747 

Steffens, M. J... .. 681 



Stehman, H. 15 522 

Stein, Leopold 750 

Stein, Louis 723 

Stein (Louis) & Co. 723 

Stein, Mrs. Maria A 397 

Stein, Philip .408, 855 

Steingardt, Benjamin __ 617 

Steinnielz, Conrad 81 

Stelle, E. T 657 

Stensland, P. O 866, 868 

Stephan, Hanna 485 

Stephens, Henry _. 521 

Stephens, John __ -.240, 241 

Stephenson, G. F 590 

Stephenson, Robert _ 380 

Stephenson, S. M 377 

Sterling, L 614 

Sterling, Louise C __ 581 

Sterling, W. H 308 

Stern, Max 685 

Sterner, Albert E . _ 422 

Stettauer, D 408 

Stevens, A. G. 617 

Stevens. Emma 740 

Stevens. II. F _ _ 533 

Stevens, John K 800 

Stevens, 1.. \l.._ _ 872 

Stevens, R. E _ 618 

Stevens, Rev. John M 782 

Stevens, Sarah 134 

Stevens, Thomas H ... . _ 396 

Stevens, Walter A. - 544, MS, 620, 625 

Sir vcns, William 382 

Stevens, William (,'. 424 

Stevens, W. E . 618 

Stevenson, A. F. 872 

Stevenson. Alcxandel F.... ..238,875 

Stevenson, Sarah I lackett - 5 iS, 511). 520, 521 

Stevenson, William C. 163 

Stewart. Archibald A 619 

Stewart, A. T ;;, <,,,; 

Stewart, Elizabeth <>Sjj 

Stewart, Ellen. 738 

Stewart. George. -;,,., ' V J<. 



Page 

Stewart, Gnmie --5 S 4, 5^5. 869 

Stewart, Hart I - 397 

Stewart, James F ''24 

Stewart, John - 613 

Stewart, John E. - 834 

Stewart, John F - 15 

Stewart, John W lot, 102, 622, 657, 862 

Stewart, Mary A - 733 

Stewart, Mrs. C. A. .. - 419 

Stewart, William - 613 

Stickney, Edward S 335, 7 8 2 

Stickney, W. II -*54. 75 

Stiles, Aaron 59* 

Stiles, A. B - <>29 

Stiles, A. K -- 502 

Stiles, Israel V, 101, 279, 280, 290, 403, 

592, 854, 857, 866, 873, 874, 875 

Stiles, Josiah 32" 

Stiles. W. A. 502 

Stillwell, John 568 

Slimming, Theodore 875 

Stimpson, W 429 

Stinson, Joseph N. . 800 

Stinson, Rebecca 347 

Stimson, Mrs. II. P 419 

Stirling, William R 610 

Stilts, I. A --' 608 

Stobee, Belle 419 

Stockbridge, George E \\tiii 

Stocking, Charles H 785 

Stockman, Emma 669 

Stockton, F'. O - 515 

Stockton, Joseph ... 182, 184, 526, 59;, 612 

Stoddard, J. A 616 

Stokes, Clements _ 397 

Stokes, Edward J 402, 404 

Stokes, Eliza 496 

Stokes, T. Oliver 786 

Stone, A. J 449 

Stone, George F 316, 318, 320 

Stone, Jason D 389 

Stone, Leander 610 

Stone, Melville E... 700, 701, 705, sfq, 

873, 874, 875 

Stone, Mrs. A. B 520 

Stone, Mrs. II. O 522 

Stone, Mrs. Leander 418, 419, 613 

Slone, Mrs. N. R 419 

Stone, R. B 143, 854 

Stone, Rebecca C 309 

Stone, Rensselaer 101, 564, 565 

Stone, Rev. Luther 521, 710 

Stone, Rev. Morton F __ 422 

Stone, Samuel 610 

Slone, Sidney M 68 

Slory, Mrs. R. E 522 

Storey, A. C 279, 868, 874, 875 

750 

750 

Storey, Mrs. J. B 419 

Storey, W T ilbur F 390, 698 

Storrs, Emery A., 255, 280, 290, 319, 

849, 850, 851, 874 

Stoughton, J. C 846 

Stoughton, Malinda 77 

Stout, Irene A _ 496 

Stout, Thompson W. 101, 854 

Stoulenburg, G. W 546 

Stow, Henry 396 

Stow, Mrs. William H. 397 

Stow, William II. 397 

Stowe, E. L. .. 



Storey, J. B 

Storey, J. W. & J. B. 



676 

Stowell, Corydon G 150 

Stowell, James Herbert 514 

Stranahan.J. L 345 

slratford, II. K 521, 539, 541 

Stratton, Annie E 563 

Straiten, Charles J 345 

Stratton, Charles T 853, 871 

Stratton, Josephine 232 

Straus, Simeon 274 

Strattsberger, Eliza __ _ 341 

Strausel, Mrs. Katherine Berg 397 

Strauss, Sigismund _ 694 

Stiaiit. George 440,441 

Strawbridge, William 321 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



35 



Pas- 
I.I 
Ilf 
820 
782 



733 
345 
613 
847 
535 
618 
121 
70 
70 

79' 

508 
70! 



553 
449 
800 

535 
848 
560 
621 
869 
541 
875 
545 
798 

396 

687 



238 
707 
818 
691 

743 



Streat, II. S 

Streator & Eddy 

Streckfuss, Rev. John Adam 

Street, Charles A 610, 

Street, Rev. George C 613, 

Street, Richard 

Street, W. W - 

Streetor, A. J 

Streetor, John \V 

Strening, John - 

Stringer, Richard 

Strippelman, Fred. K. _ 

Strippelman, William 

Strobridge, Rev. Thomas R 

Strong;, Albert B - 

Strong, Charles E..- 

Strong, C. H 

Strong, D. O. 

Strong, Harriet W. _ _ 

Strong, Henry _ -165, 

Strong, William E 379, 592, 847, 

Strother, Holton F 

Stroud, Esther __ -. 

Struhbe, Charles E. _ 

Strubie, J 

Strufkman, G. G -- 

Strueh, Mary - 

Stryker, Rev. M. \Volsey-_ 522, 

Stuart, Alexander 

Stuart, E. C 

Stuart, Frances \V 

Stuart, James E . ._ 

Stuart, Lewis 

Stuart, Owen 109, 591, 

Studehaker Brothers 

Studebaker, P. E 

Studebaker, Wilbur F 

Stuff, Rev. (',. L. S. 

Sturges, Frank . _ 

Sturges, George 440, 441, 649, 650, 

Sturges, James D 

Sturges, Lee 

Sturges, Lucy 

Sturges, Stephen I! _. 

Sturges, William N _ 

Sturgis, McAllister & Co 

Sturm, Adolph 

Sturtevant, Austin D._ 

Sturtevant, Charles H -90, 

Sturtevant, Edwin ._ 

Suddard, Thomas J. 

Sugg, George _ 735 

Suits, S. A. 397 

Sulkheld, Maria 87 

Sullivan, Alexander 126, 254, 872 

Sullivan, Andrew J 869 

Sullivan, David 875 

Sullivan, Dennis J 447 

Sullivan, Eleanor C 570 

Sullivan, Eugene 121, 397 

Sullivan, James Bernard 99 

Sullivan, Johanna 112 

Sullivan, J. J 279. 280 

Sullivan, Margaret B 702 

Sullivan, Mark _ _ __ 329 

Sullivan, Michael Joseph 99 

Sullivan, Rev. Edward 519, 781 

Sullivan, Rev. James _ __ 768 

Sullivan, R. F 695 

Sullivan, Stephen F __ 875 

Sullivan, W. B 698, 705 

Sullivan, William K._I46, 703, 704, 705, 

846, 857, 875 

Sulzbacher, Solomon 409 

Summerlield, John (124, 854 

Summers, W. H 431, 782 

Sunbridge, F. G 684 

Sunday, \VilliamA._ 673 

Sundberg, Francis A _ 547 

Sundelius, Peter _ 875 

Surbridge, Arabelle. 534 

Sutton, Fannie i r4 

Sutton, John .go, 617 

Sutton, Thomas.. _ 626 

Snydam, Abraham. 119 

Suydam, Kittle irg 



743 
743 
793 
429 
827 
440 
422 

479 
440 
320 



333 
739 
396 

396 
go 
182 



Swagers, Rev. !)._ 

Swain, Edgar D .542, 543, 544, 586, 

Swan, Mary W. 

Swan, T. II.. 



Sward, Alexander ... 

Sward, Charles J 

Swartz, Josiah 

Swasey , James Atwood 

Swayne, Wickersham 

Swazey, Rev. Arthur (30,803, 

Sweet, Ada C 

Sweet, Alunson... 



542, 
804, 



Sweet, Albert I 

Sweet, Benjamin J. 

Sweet, George 

Sweet, Henry 



.388, 



-637, 

. 101, 



Sweet, J. W. 

Sweet, Martin P 

Sweet, Rev. R. F 

Sweet, Sarah 

Sweeney, John 102, 131, 396, 

Sweeney, M. 

Sweney, Alexander 

Swenie, Dennis J... 120, 121, 125, 



868, 

101. 



Sweenie, Sernatta __ ........... ___ 

Swett, Leonard, 254, 279,409,410, 

827, 841, 

Swett &Grosscup. 



866, 
867, 



804, 
858, 



Swift, George B 102, 



Swift, Lemuel J. 

Swift, Lewis 

Swift, Rev. Carlos 

Swift, Rev. Horace J 

Swift, Rev. P.- 11. . 



1 86, 



Swift, Richard Kellogg 

Swift, William H 

Swinborne, Charles C._ __ 

Swinburne, William 

Swing, Rev. David, 70, 84, 96, 290, 
710, 796, 798, 802, 803, 

Swinton, T. R 

Swisher, Stephen G 

Swissler, William 

S\vit/er, Lizzie II. 



Swords, Mary M. 
Swords, Thomas. 



Syer, E. W _ 

Sykes, A Ibert 

Sykes, James W._ 

Sykes, M. L., Tr 



Szymanski, Francis 

Tabberner, William Walter 

Tabor, Mervin.. 

Taft, Lydia 

Taft, O. S 

Tagert, Adelbert Hugh 

Tagert, Mrs. A. II _ 

Tail, Ralston 

Talbot, Emma A 

Talbot, Eugene S 508, 518, 

Talbott, E. H 

Talcot, Edward Bentbn 

Talcott, Mancel .108, 335, 

Talcott, M. D 

Talcott, Mrs. Mary 

Talcotl, Xaney A __ ... 

I'allmadge, Fannie C 

Talmage, T. F. ... 

Talman, George L. 

Tanner, William Augustus 

Tansill, R. W . 

I'ansill (R. W.) & Co 

1'appan, Mrs. Cora L. V 

1'apper, George 

I'arnow, Charles 102, 

T.irrant, Robert 

Tarrant, Sarah __ 

Tascher, John . 

Tatham, Robert L. 405, 616, 

Tayler & Batchen . 

1'ayler, Mrs. Mary Olin __ 

I'ayler, Reuben __ 

Taylor, Abner 409, 410, 436, 

Taylor, Atigustin Deodat 396, 

Taylor, Bert 



77' 
59" 
77 
366 
694 
694 
33" 
543 
868 
871 
567 

871 

5f>7 
642 

854 
68g 
258 
785 
274 
870 
102 
156 

869 

358 

864 

874 
865 

449 
428 

815 
99 

79 
564 

796 

441 
626 

827 
290 
404 
617 

422 

-... 750 

too 

680 

119 

806 

---- 334 
775 

221 

470 

101 

.... 69 

511 

419 

.... 82 

439 

543, 544 
708 

39 6 

on, 855 
--- 785 
.... 827 

610 

250 

616 

467 

395 
582 



397. 



804, 
402, 



581, 



741, 



621, 



836, 



832 
520 
863 
489 
625 

539 

624 

85 
397 
397 

875 
837 
120 



Page 
Taylor, C 836 

Taylor, Charles II _.no, 320 

Taylor, Edmund Dick -3g6, 816 

Taylor, Ezra _ 397 

Taylor, E. S --.184, 846 

Taylor, Francis Horace 396, 836 

Taylor, Fred. P.. 501 

Taylor, George 143 

Taylor, George II. _ _ 122 

Taylor, James A. 875 

Taylor, James B. ... 875 

Taylor, Jane _ 78 

Taylor, John _ 570 

'Taylor, John B - _ 875 

Taylor, John Lu 285 

'Taylor, John M _ 590 

Taylor, Joseph W 690 

Taylor, Margaret M 189 

Taylor, Mrs. Charles _ 397 

Taylor, Napoleon B 231 

Taylor, Rev. E. G Si 2, 814 

Taylor, Rev. E. O 815 

Taylor, Rev. J. H 804 

Taylor, Sophia A 456 

Taylor, S. G 502, 503 

Taylor, William A. 702, 703, 706 

Taylor, William Hartt -?q6 

Taylor, William Henry 509 

Taylor, William R 703 

Taylor, Z. B ._ 806 

Teall, Edward M._ 466, 798 

Teall (E. M.) & Co 461 

Teall & Fisher 461 

Tefft, Pope C - 304 

Tegtmeyer, C. . 855 

Telks, J. T 515 

'Temple, Isabel F _ 419 

Temple, John F 808 

Temple, Peter 396 

Temple, William Chase 599 

Templeton, Hugh 86, 798 

Tennent, Adaline S 541 

Tennis, John C __ 725 

Tennis, Orestes B 725 

Tennis (O. B.) & Co. ... 725 

Terrell, Lydia J. 432 

Terry Clock Company 752 

Terry, Gen. Alfred H 583, 584 

Terry, Rev. E. A 767 

Terry, Franklin S 599 

Terry, Rev. Patrick 767 

Terwilliger, J. M 617, 624 

Ten, Walter 626 

Thacher, Chester L. _ 542 

Thatcher, Augustus T 387 

Thatcher, John M __ _. 275 

Thatcher, Mrs. Susan 397 

Thauer, Elizabeth C 559 

Thayer, Charles H 542, 544 

Thayer, F. Porter __ 734 



Thayer, H. E. 



687 



Thayer, John H 738 

Thayer, Lydia A 310 

Thayer, Moses A. 590, 617, 854 

Thayer, Nathaniel, Jr. 335 

Thea, Dora _ 746 

Theim, Robert 875 

Thexton, William M .. 618 

Thibodo, R 608, 617 

Thielen, Christine 197 

Thielke, Harry 459 

Thielepape, Edward F. A 577 

Thieme, R 855 

'Thomas, A. C. 320, 428 

'Thomas, Agnes E 338 

Thomas, B. W 430, 43 1 , 626 

Thomas, C. W 848 

'Thomas, Gen. Geo. H 70,90, 584, 590 

Thomas, Gerhard Henri _. 396 

'Thomas, Horace H 590, 852 

Thomas, H. M 875 

Thomas, Homer N 518 

Thomas, H. R 617 

Thomas, J. W. E 875 

'Thomas, Louie 427 

'Thomas, Mrs, Charles G 613 



Page 

Thomas, Rev. Hiram W... 50, 147, 586, 
710. 789, 790, 791, 794, 795. 827, 

828, 832 

Thomas, Rev. Jesse B - 812 

Thomas, Rev. Travis B 815 

Thomas, R. S 816 

Thomas (Si-th) Clock Co 75' 

Thomas, Theodore. .301, 630, 633, 640, 650 

Thomas, W. B - 449 

Thomasson, Nelson.. 172, 449 

Thometz, John James 5 2 5 

Thomlinson, Jane 89 

Thomlinson & Reed 104 

Thompson, A. M. 617, 624 

Thompson, Corwin C 366, 381 

Thompson (C. C.) & Walkup Co 381 

Thompson, C. II. - 35S 

Thompson, Daniel - 1 66 

Thompson, Elvira T 121 

Thompson, H. G. 617 

Thompson, Harvey L 182 

Thompson. Harvey M. 101, 360 

Thompson, Henry 626 

Thompson, Henry T 825 

Thompson. Henry Wendell 279, 874 

Thompson. Hiram P -..102, 590, 865 

Thompson (II. R.) & Co 684 

Thompson, Irene 121 

Thompson. I. B - 381, 584 

Thompson, James K 126, 626, 627, 862 

Thompson, Jane C._ 544 

Thompson, J. F - - 544 

Thompson, John Howland _ 249 

Thompson, John L 101, 102, 407, 863 

Thompson, John M _ 847 

Thompson, Louise - 678 

Thompson, Mary.- 121 

Thompson, M. A 605 

Thompson, Mrs. Mary H 518 519, 

520, 528 

Thompson, Mrs. M. J 

Thompson, Merrit Walter 513 

Thompson, Rev. C. L 804 

Thompson, Rev. Hugh Miller - 781 

Thompson, Rev. J. E - 786 

Thompson, R. S. 875 

Thompson, Sarah 329 

Thompson, Slason 669, 701, 702, 873 

Thompson, Somerville 798 

Thompson, William 359 

Thompson, W. A - --.381, 393 

Thompson, William II.. .449, 617, 619, 

622, 875 

Thompson, W. II., Jr 618 

Thomson, Alexander M 613 

Thomson, D. \V._ 625 

Thorn, William Henry 551. 672 

Thorn Wire Hedge Co 502 

Thornbush, Henry K._ -- 868 

Thorndike, Charles H. 289 

Thome, W. C -- 681 

Thornton, Charles S 271 

Thorpe, J. H - 358 

Thorpe, Selina 97 

Thoreson, Annie E 597 

Thorson, Soren D - 74 1 

Throop, Amos G. 102, 143, 844, 875 

Throop, Lainnl ,V Co 3 6 5 

Thurber, Winlield S. _.. 424 

Thurston, Benjamin F 263 

Thwing, W. U - 619 

Tice, Isaac P..- - - 269 

Ticknor, Tames S 626 

Tidd, W.'L. ...626, 690 

Tiedemann, P. T 626 

Tiernan, F 284 

Tierney, Patrick .866, 869 

Tierney, Patrick 11 - 866 

Tiffany, H. C - 621 

Tiffany, Harry S. 617, 620 

Tiffany, Rev. O. H. 789 

Tiffany, S. 619 

Tighe, Rev. Denis Aloysius 776 

Tilden, Samuel J 872, 873, 875 

Tilden, Mrs. W. M 419 

Tilden, William M - 873 



SPECIAL INDEX. 

Page 

Tilley, Robert - 512. 525. 5 2( > 

Tillinghast, William 817 

Tilton, MissC. P 6l 3 

1'ilton, I.ucian '4 

'Pimm, August 869 

Pinan, Rev. P. J 77 

Pinerotte, R - - 6 95 

Tinker, Charles A 59 

Pinkham, Kdward I 39. 39 2 . 82 5 

PinkhamtK. I.)&Co -- 558 

Pipple \ Coleman 9" 

Tipple, George - 96 

Pitman, G. B - 279 

Tobey & Booth 605 

Tobey, Charles 734 

Tobey, Edgar P 586, 589, 617, 618, 623 

Tobey, Frank B -- 734 

Tobey Furniture Co 74 

Tobey, II. S 617 

Tobin, Hamler & Co - 486 

Tobin, Thomas 2^4 

Tobin, Timothy 486,487 

Todd, Ellen 452 

Todd, George 870 

Todd, lames F - 588 

Todd, "Mrs. A. A 419 

Todd, Rev. George C - 522,786 

Toedt, Theodore J.-- 633, 649, 650 

Toley, D 585 

Tolles, Harriet F. - 344 

Tolman (Henry) & Co 634 

Tolman (John A.) & Co - -- 348 

Tolman, Samuel A 348 

Tomlins. Bella ... 633 

Tomlins, William 1 630, 631, 632, 

649, 650, 796 

Tomlinson & Carseley 737 

Tomlinson, Isaac -- 737 

Tomlinson & Reed --- 87 

Tompkins, Charles H 583, 7 8 5 

Tompkins, D. D - 59 1 

Tompkins, William Franklin 331, 752 

Tooker, R. N 535 

Toomey, Rev. Daniel B 776 

Torrence, Joseph Thatcher .. 109, 478, 

586, 591 

Torrey, G. H .- 868 

Touissi, Rev. J -- 777 

Tourtellotte, F. W 243 

Tourtellotte, Marie 80 

Tower, Calvin David 748 

Tower (I. S.) & Co 748 

Powers, Mary Townsend 73 

Towle, Henry S 263 

Town, J. W - 295 

Towne," J. W 360 

Towner, H. A 320,782 

Towner, H. N 164 

Towner, Norman Kellogg 396 

Townsend Fredericks 73 

Townsend & Gordon _. 496 

Townsend, G. B -. 418 

Townsend, J. P - 496 

Townsend, T. B 786 

Townsend, William II 125 

Tracey, William 101, 854 

Tracy, Frank W 596 

Tracy, James 243 

Tracy, John F 334 

Tracy, Rev. William 787 

Trainor, Peter 121 

Trainman, Mrs. Susanna _ 397 

Trautmann, F. 126 

Traver, T. H 449 

Travis, Rev. Joseph 711 

Treacy, Ed _ 673 

Treadway & Jewell 461 

Treat, Robert Byron 541 

Tree, Lambert 238, 421, 847, 853, 874 

Trein, Charles 732 

Trego, C. T 320 

Tremble, David 547 

Trimble, Maggie A.. 69 

Trimen, John W. 54<; 

Trimmingham, Ralph N _. 466, 79? 

Trimmingham, William D 46? 



Page 
Tripp, Charles - 5i 

Tripp, Dwight K. - - 594 

Tripp, layE... 

Tripp, Robinson --- 39 6 

Pristam, Mary 1C I2 7 

Protter, C. J --- - 617 

Protter, Hester - 34 1 

Prowbridge, C. J 618,622 

Prowbridge, Rev. J. H 804 

Troy Stove Works -- 483 

Truax, Charles 

Truax (Charles) & Co - - 553 

True, Mrs. D. J -- - 419. 8 53 

Prue, Miss M. E. - 4'9 

Pruesdale, Calvin - 128 

Pruesdell, John P - 34 

Prtiman, Henry - - $86 

Prtimbull, J. H --- 449 

Trumbull, J. R 8 

Tnimbull, Lyman, 238, 291, 402, 542, 

834. 841, 842, 846, 847, 852, 858 

Trumbull, R. H 48 

Trumbull, W. J - 126 

Trunkey, A. J - 3 8 7 

Trusdell, Rev. C. G. 608, 609, 792 

Tubbs, F. H. --- 595 

Tubbs, Henry 848 

Tubbs, Ira H .868,869 

Tubman, John - 94 

Tucker, Albert L 152, 153. 824 

Tucker, Carrie Isabel 538 

Pucker, E. N. 618, 619 

'Pucker, Hiram A .816,817 

Tucker, H. S. 539. 54i 

Tucker, Ida 625 

Tucker, Rev. Charles H 787 

Tucker, William F. ..78, 262, 335, 840, 860 

Tuerk, Charles E 688 

'Puller, Henry L --- 39 6 

'fuller, W. G 39 f) 

Tuley, Murry F. 102, 238, 273, 698, 854, 866 

Tully, John D. --76. 102 

Tully, Thomas - 7& 

Tully, T.&J. D 76 

Tumey, J. K - 126 

Tuohy, James W. 7 J 8 

Tupper, Mrs. Chester 397 

Turbot, Peter _ 836 

Turk, Joseph - - 735 

Turner, E. H 69 

Turner, Frank - 874 

Turner, F. D 279 

Turner, George - 102, 866 

Turner, Hannah Maria C75 

Turner, Henry 620, 622, 625 

Turner, H. L._ --449, 79 

Turner, John 396 

Turner, John B --.164, 182, 184 

Turner, John M 397 

Turner,}. T 627 

Turner, Laurin Milliard -.720, 827 

Turner, Leighton 396 

Turner, M. E 633 

Turner, Mary P 479 

Turner & Ray -- 340 

Turner & Sidway 55 

Turner, Thomas 672 

Turner, Thomas J .258, 857 

Turner, V. C 164, 402, 408, 827 

'Purner, William Harbron 505,623,629 

Turpin, Virginius A. 334, 436 

Tustin, Thomas 197 

Tustin, T. J. 616 

Tuthill, Richard S., 101, 102, 234, 235, 

279, 568, 848, 861, 864, 874 

Tuttle, Frederick 394, 396, 756 

'Puttie, Frederick B 392, 393 

Tuttle, LuciusG - 397 

'Puttie, Percy 396 

Tuttle, Sarah E 150 

Tuttle, Thompson & Co 720 

" Twain, Mark" 270 

Twiness, Eliot - 592 

Twitchell, Carrie L 73 

Twitchell, Eli _ 73 

Tyler, Harriet 186 









SPECIAL INDEX 



37 



Page 

Tyler, Mrs. John 419 

Tyler, Mrs. J. E 608 

Tyler, Mrs. L. W. 613 

Tyler, Mrs. Sarah M. Stoughton 397 

Tyler, W. H __ 692 

Tyndale, Triolus II 331 

Tyrrell, John 233, 439 

Tyrrell, Phcebe . 98 

Tyson, George _- 210 

Uhlendorf, Bodo --547, 549 

Uhlich, Clara __ 579 

Uihlein, Edward G. 580 

Ullman, Joseph 342 

Ullmann, Emma _. 377 

Ulrich, Julius... _ 617 

Umbdenstock, M. _ .. 591 

Umhof, Adolph ._. 615 

Underbill, Volney 150 

Underwood, Benjamin 592 

Underwood, John Milton. 396 

Underwood, Mrs. P. L 418 

Underwood, R. Abbey 538 

Underwood, W. D 867 

Underwood, William H. 627 

United States Boiler Works 487 

Union Bag & Paper Co 500, 754 

Union Steam Boiler Works _. 486 

Updike, Mrs. Mary Trowbridge 397 

Updike, P. L _ 77, 78 

Upjohn, Richard 72 

Upman, Frank. 357 

Upton, George C 640, 649 

Upton, George P. 629, 630, 650, 652, 684, 696 

Urban, William 694 

Utter, Rev. David 711, 825 

Vail, H. S 591 

Vail, Lewis D._ 290 

Vail, Margaret A 380 

Vail, Sarah _ 233 

Vail, Walter .. 396 

Vaile, E. O 150 

Valentine, D 816 

Valentine, R 615 

Valestra, A 615 

Valin, Honore Dieudonne 530 

Vallandigham, Clement L 843 

Vallette, Frank H 459 

Valletta, H. F 290 

Van Arman, John 255 

Vanarsdale, Mrs. W. W 419 

Vanarsdale, W. W 418 

Van Buren, Albert H 416 

Van Buren, Barent 550 

Van Buren, Martin 833 

Van Campen, Charles _ 618 

Vancleave, James R. B 562, 617 

Vande Laar, Rev. M ... 766 

Van Depoele, J 598 

Vanderbilt, Cornelius 216, 219 

Vanderbilt, William H. . 219 

Vanderbilt, William K 219 

Vandercook, Charles Raney. 396 

Vanderhook, Rev. John __ 801 

Vanderkloot, Adrian 482 

Vanderkloot, Marinus ._ 482 

Vanderpoel, J. H 421 

Vanderveer, Rev. David N . 808 

Van Dervoort, Alexander B 364 

Van Deventer, D 865 

Van Doren, Rev. W. H 802 

Van Hollen, George 684 

Van Horn, Rev. G. R._ 792, 794 

Van Inwagen, James_3g3, 461, 632, 649, 650 

Van Nortwick, John 396 

Van Ordel, William C 70 

Van Orden, Emanuel 801 

Van Osdel, Jesse Redifer 396 

Van Osdel, John Mills, 70, 87, 101, 102, 

"5, 355, 394, 39, 861 

Van Osdel, John M., 2d 70 

Van Osdel, Mrs. J. M 419 

Van Pelt, John E 869 

Van Schaack, Henry C. 677, 678, 679 

Van Schaick, Anthony G 290, 365, 

366, 380, 393, 439 
VanSicklen, N. H 681 



Page 

Van Valkenburg, G. P 541 

Van Vlissengen, J. H. 449 

Van Winkle, Kate 376 

Vanzwoll, A. Henry 150 

Varges, Emilie 755 

Varnell, J. H. 625 

Varnell, Mrs. J. H. 625 

Vaughan, C. E 590 

Vaughn, C. A 673 

Vaughn, Eliza 453 

Vaughn, Mrs. S. M 419 

Vaughn, Sage 521 

Vehmeyer, H. F... 345 

Velie, Jacob W... 429, 430 

Venable. William 848 

Venn, Charles ... 509 

Venne, Henry 626 

Venires, Mrs. O. G 422 

Ventuti, Rev. A _ 777 

Verbeck, J. E 420 

Verdier, T. T 101 

Verdin, Rev. J. S . .769, 771 

Vergho, Charles 755 

Vergho, Ruhling & Co. 755 

Vermilye, Jacob D 467 

Vestergren, Matilda 762 

Vette, Charlotte. 341 

Vette, Julia H 341 

Vetter, Rev. G 819 

Vibbert, Rev. William H 522, 782 

Vidal, J. P 626 

Vierling, F. C. 449, 590, 625 

Vierling, Margaret 625 

Vigneron, Eugene 543 

Vilas, C. H 532,533 

Vilas, William F 402 

Vilas, William H 872 

Vincent, Aiken ... 396 

Vincent, Mae 511 

Vincent, M. E 357 

Vincent, Nelson & Co. 333 

Vivian & Henry 747 

Vivian, Thomas 747 

Vocke, William 846, 864, 875 

Vodoz, Julie 432 

Voice, John 396 

Volk, Leonard W.. 420 

Von Ame, Mary . 624 

Von Hollen, George, 142, 854, 856, 857, 864 

Von Moeser, Catharine 542 

Von Schierbrand, Wolf 684 

Vopicka, Charles J -.185, 186 

Vopicka & Kubin _._ 185 

Voss, Arno 844, 847, 856, 867, 875 

Voss, Augusta ... 746 

Vowell, Mrs. S. B . 419 

Vreeland, John E .. 591 

Vulcan IronWorks 486 

Wachenheimer, Bertha 722 

Wachtel, Theodore.. 643, 644 

Wachter, Henry _ 507 

Wachter, Margaret.. 507 

Wacker & Birk __ 577 

Wacker & Birk Brewing Company 578 

Wacker, Charles H 577,578 

Wacker, Frederick- 578 

Wacker (F.) & Co 578 

Wacker (F.) & Son 578 

Waddell. William G 83 

Wade, Carrie D 422 

Wade, Daniel.. 83 

Wade, Jennie I _ 442 

Wade, John 290 

Wade, Louis F. ... 584 

Wadhams, Carlton __ 396 

Wadhams, Seth 396 

Wadskier, Theodore VigO-. 67, 72 

Wadsworth, E. I _ 525 

Wadsworth, Elisha Seymour .. 396 

Wadsworth, F. L -518, 519 

Wadsworth, Julius ._ 396 

Wadsworth, L. L 616 

Wadsworth, Philip -.390, 392, 564, 565, 857 

Wadsworth (P.)& Co 720 

Wadsworth, T. I) 608 

Wadsworth, Tertius . 840 



Page 

Waescher, Fred. II 72 

Wagener, Barbara. 578 

Wager, Catherine .. 230 

Wager, Eugene E 388 

Wagner, John .... 869 

Wagner, Louise 94 

Wagner, Rev. A 820 

Wagner, Rev. H. A _ 794 

Wagner, William 606, 608 

Wahl, Christian .. 532,649 

Wahl, Louis. .116, 118, 126, 171, 608, 

651, 853, 862, 865 

Wainwright, J. W _ 624 

Wait, Charles C 396 

Wait, Horatio L. 592, 610 

Wait, John 396 

Waite, Charles B 458 

Waite, F. L 690 

Waite, George A -617, 618 

Waite, George Washington . 167, 396 

Waite, Rev. Horace F 798, 804, 875 

Waite, William H .....166, 369 

Waixel, Isaac 441 

Wakeman, Edgar L 684, 706 

Waldmann. Adolph .. 852 

Waldo, A. W 102,863 

Waldron, Asa D. 619 

Walker, Carrie 549 

Walker, Charles 816, 817 

Walker, Charles H 166 

Walker, David T 98 

Walker, E. A 622 

Walker, Francis W ... 241 

Walker, George C... 295, 609, 649, 650, 816 

Walker, Ginevra 378 

Walker, Houghton C 396 

Walker, H. D 869 

Walker, J. B 864, 866 

Walker, J. H 404, 526 

Walker, James H 392 

Walker, James M 261, 335 

Walker, John 331, 787 

Walker, Lavina 267 

Walker & Lowell 461 

Walker, Martin O .- 249 

Walker, Mary E 517 

Walker, Mrs. Abigail F 397 

Walker, Mrs. Evans 522 

Walker, Mrs. William 424 

Walker, Oakley & Co. 340 

Walker, Rev. J. F. 782 

Walker, Rev. John II .801, 804 

Walker, Rev. W. F 819 

Walker, Samuel J 115 

Walker, W. B 320 

Walker, Wirt Dexter 287 

Walker, W. S. 706 

Walker, W. W 684 

Walkup, Thomas 381 

Wall, Alice 302 

Wall, Charles A 617 

Wall, Edward 867 

Wallace, Carrie 490 

Wallace, Carrie Barstow 73 

Wallace, Dan_. 119 

Wallace, J. B 599 

Wallace, Kingman & Co.__ 121 

Wallace, Logan D 866 

Wallace, M. R. M.._239, 846, 856, 857, 869 

Wallace & Sons 599 

Wallace, Thomas 599 

Wallace, Thomas, Jr 599 

Wallace, W. H. L 303 

Wallach. D 409 

Waller, Charles S 126, 866, 867 

Waller, Henry . 522 

Waller, Henry, Jr 402, 403, 404 

Waller, R. A... 465 

Waller (R. A.) & Co 461 

Wallin, Thomas S 825 

Walser, J. J - 233, 234 

Walser(J. J.) & Co. 233 

Walsh, Celia C. 703 

Walsh, Charles _. 397, 614 

Walsh, David 866 

Walsh, David W 875 



SPECIAL INDKX. 



Walsh, James 854, 869, *-\ 

\\aisli, John R 169, 171, 290, 651, 702 

Walsh, Joseph J... 122 

Walsh, L. J 125 

\\alsh, Maggie 690 

Walsh, Mary M. T. IM 

Walsh, T. J 875 

Walshe, R.'j 622 

Walrath, Catharine C 717 

Walter, Joel Clarke 394, 396, 835 

Walter, Mrs. Eliza Collins 397 

Walters, Charles Edward 330 

Walters, Lorenz 123 

Walt man, O 

Walton. Nelson C. 396 

Walworth, Hubbard \ Co. 94 

Walworth & Hubbard . 487 

Walworth (J. J.) & Co . 94 

Walworth, X. H. _ 375 

Walworth & Reed 375 

Walworth & Reed Lumber Company 375 

\\ampold, Louis 408, 417,650 

Wanamaker, John 290 

Wan/er, James M. ._ 102,302, 867 

Ward, Electus Backus 559 

Ward, E. P _ 108 

Ward, < leorge F 396 

Ward, (ieorge L . .. 617 

Ward, James 146 

Ward, James II... 132,873 

Ward, James L. 320,824 

Ward, Jasper 1) 182, 234, 564, 565, 

568, 844, 846, 858, 895 

Ward, Maggie B. .. ._ 314 

Ward, Mary.. _94 

Ward, Mary E ._ 566 

Ward, O. H. 723 

Ward, Richard 626 

Ward, Samuel I) _. 436, 757 

Ward, Sarah Agnes 688 

Wardell, Charles Frederick _ 492 

\\ardell .V Hinckley 492 

Warden, S. Annie 305 

Warder, 13. H 504 

Warder, Bushnell & Glessner _. 504 

\\arder, Mitchell & Co 504 

Wardner, Sylvia J. _ 625 

Ware, E. C 449 

Ware, Lyman __ 522, 526, 619 

Ware, Mrs. J. W 419 

Wargowski, Rev. Carl 823 

Warne, MidaD. 260 

Warner, Augustus 686 

Warner, A. N 521 

Warner, Ezra J 409 

Warner, G. L._ 449 

\\arner, Henry D _ 308,320 

Warner, Herman 396 

Warner, Lizzie 554 

Warner, Mrs. Chester 418,419 

Warner, Seth Porter 396 

Warner, Spencer 397 

Warner, William C 94 

Warren, Calvin A. 841 

Warren, C. Steward - 104, 785 

Warren, E. S 785 

Warren, Francis W . . 101,866 

Warren, Hooper 833 

Warren, Israel P 289 

Warren, Rev. I). F. 782 

Warren, Rev. 1I.W 792 

Warren, Robert 320, 429 

Warren (Robert) & Co 'vi 

Warren, William 4(11 

Warren, W. G 496 

Warren, W. S. ...465,649 

Warrington, A 617, 618, 622 

Warrington, II. H _ 486, 494 

Warvelle, George W -619, 625 

Washburn, Edwards 304 

Washburn, Elmer--. 108, 335, 564, 855 

Washburn, Emory, Jr 390 

Washburne, Elihu B. ..238, 410, 411, 

413, 684, 835, 848, 851 

Washburne, (ieorge E 

Washluirne, llempstead 238, >;| 



Washburne, John 413 

Washburne, William 1'iit 413 

\\asmansdorff & Ileineman 445 

Was-all, J. W. 542, 544 

Wasson, Sarah E 543 

Waterbury, Mary 1 381 

Waterburv, Mrs. \. M 419 

Waterloo, Stanley 696 

Waterman, Arba N IOI, 409, 41 1 

Waters, Benjamin .. 397 

Waters, Charles Edward 329, 330 

Waters, C. O 804 

Waters, L. C 401, 402, 404 

Waters, Thomas J. ._ 109 

Waters, W. B. 320 

Walkins, Anna M 378 

Walk ins, E. T _ 128, 411, 439, 657 

Watkins, John 396 

Wat kins, Sirs. W. W. 522 

Watkins, Sarah 75 

Watkins, Vine A 378,386 

Watkins, William W. 102,311, 782, 866, 868 

Watrous, C. ... . 86 

Watrous, Mrs. W. S -631, 632 

Watson, Elias 1) 397 

Watson, Matilda .. 550 

Watson, Mrs. L. H 631, 632 

Watson, Mrs. Regina 632 

Wat-.<m, William H 127 

Watt, Hugh 96 

Watt, |. M. 6 



27 

Watt. R. G. _ 672 

Watterson, Henry (02,872 

Watts, Alexander 422 

Watts, Emily 507 

Waughop, John W 249 

Waxham, Frank E. 512, 515 

Way, Jeannie W 244 

Way, John S. 501 

Wayland. Rev. Francis 816 

Wayman, Mrs. Mary Wayman Hoult.. 397 

Wayman, Samuel 396 

Wayman, William -.396, 875 

Weare, John 396 

Weare, P. B 320, 405, 535 

Weadley iV Cleary ._ 573 

Weadley, Detmehy & Cleary 573 

\Veatherson, C 503 

Weaver, James H. _. 591 

Webb, Caroline 501 

Webb, George L 166 

Webb, | ames Watson __ 397 

Weber, B. F 449, 453, 875 

Weber, C. Frank 735 

Weber, J. T 591 

Weber, Joseph M. .102, 871 

Weber, Rev. E. .. 769 

Webber, E. P. 255 

Webster, Bessie 214 

Webster, Daniel _ _ 412 

Webster, G. H 522 

Webster, John G. 290 

Webster, Joseph I).. 51.4, 565, 567, 584, 827 

Webster, Lucinda 529 

Webster, Marsh & Co 720 

Weed, Ella 487 

Weed, Thurlow 255 

Weeds, Caroline A _ 678 

Weeks, J. A 824 

Weeks, Jerome V. 396 

Weeks, John O _ 536 

Weems, Mason Locke 582 

Weick, Louis _ 0,3 

Weidner, Angelica 547 

Weigley, Wellington 458 

Weigley, Fillmore 458 

Weihe, George W... _. 427 

Weinhardt, Hermann 736 

Weinreich, Rev. Charles G 794 

Weir & Craig 492, 493 

Weir, Henrietta C 704 

Weir, Mrs. Mary Catherine Perine 397 

Weir, Robert ..'. 492, 493 

Weiss, Frank _ 4 

Wei--, ( ; ( ,>rge A... _ j^f, 

Weiss (George A.) \ Co 576 



Pag* 
Weis-. (George A.) Malting & Elevator 

( imipany _ 57^ 

Weiss, John H 578 

Weil her, J - 616 

Welch, Henry 126, 397 

Welch, Rodney --532- 705 

Welling, John'C 196 

Wellington, Charles L 206 

Wellman, Joseph H - 467 

Wells, Daniel, }r 380 

Wells, D. H. .'. -- 90 

Wells, Edward P 79 

Wells, Ellen E 481 

Wells, John Ouincy.. 174 

Wells, M. D 69, 90, loo, 649, 650, 733 

Wells, Mrs. Henry G 397 

Wells, Theodore B 128 

Wells, W. A 90 

Wells, "William II., 146, 186, 429, 430. 

520, 864, 868, 871 

Welter, Dominick 108, 109, in 

Wendell, A 875 

Wendte, Rev. C. W 416, 711 

Wenham, Mrs. J. C 631,632 

Wenler, Frank 617, 869 

Wentworth, Frank W 359 

Wentworth, George 396 

Wentworth, John. -1 13, 136, 146, 172, 

1/3, 192, 334, 394, 39 6 , 4<>7, 4", 
412, 413, 542, 834, 835, 837, 838, 

839, 843, 844, 846, 858 

Wentworth, Joseph A. _. 870 

Wentworth, Lydia A 377 



Wentworth, Mosesjones 861, 875 

Wentworth, Sarah A 173 

Wentworth, William _ 397 

Wentworth, W. F (172 

Wesencraft, Mrs. William 397 

West, A. F. 866 

West, Edward Fitch 389 

West, John 320 

West, John A _ 642 

West, J. J _ in 

West, Mrs. A. F 625 

West, Rev. Robert 709 

West, Sadie H -,84 

West, William II 871 

Westfall, R. B. 43^, 584 

Weston, H. C 618 

Weston, H. G 710, 816 

Westover, George P 272 

Wetherell, J. M 657 

Wetherell, O. D .102, 290, 867, 871 

Wetmore, John O. 95 

Wetmore. R. C. 597 

Wetmore, S. W. 539, 541 

Wetterer, Peter S ___ 102 

Whalen, William. -.569, 585, 866 

Wharton, Rev. R. K. 804 

Wheaton, Helen M 623 

Wheaton, Mary L. . 309 

Whelan, William P. 102, 870 

Wheeler, Adelaide 470 

Wheeler, Calvin Gilbert.-532, 610, 802; 817 
Wheeler, Calvin T... 69, 320, 390, 438, 439 
Wheeler, C. W. .. _ 300 

Wheeler, D. H .". 684 

Wheeler, E. I _ 320 

Wheeler, Fanny... _ 277 

Wheeler & Fisher. 754 

Wheeler, Francis T _ 154 

Wheeler, Frank S 407 

Wheeler, George Henry 320, 390, 650 

Wheeler, George W 239 

Wheeler, Gregory & Co. _ 304 

Wheeler, Harris A... 397, 586, 588, 620, 621 
Wheeler, H. N. . 787 

Wheeler, J. F '_ 3O4 

Wheeler (J. H.) & Co. ... " I2l 

Wheeler, J. R g 7I 

W T heeIer, Mary S. ._ .388 

Wheeler, Mrs. F. W ."."" 611 

Wheeler, Xewton Calvin 275 

Wheeler, Sarah B __ 566 

Wheeler, Sarah E._ 507 

Wheeler, William 102 



SPECIAL INDKX. 



39 



Page 

Wheelock, Jerome... 165 

Wheelock, Otis Leonard 69, 396, S6i 

Wherry, William M _ 583 

Whiffen, Thomas 705 

Whipple, Henry 174 

Whipple & True 175 

Whipple, William I). 583 

Whitcomb, Helen S 532 

Whitcomb, R. T 787 

White, Alexander 621, 68t, 758 

White, Alexander, Jr __ 457 

White, A. H. 625 

White, Ann O'Neill 573 

White, Charles 869 

White, Charles J. 248, 614 

White, C. M. 617 

White, Ella 630, 631, 632 

White, ( leorge 664 

White, George E. 101, 102, 868, 875 

White, Harriet 330 

White, Henry T _ _ 701 

White, Horace 695 

White, Hugh A. 521 

White, Isabella ' 537 

White, James C _ 592 

White, James E._ 560,591 

White, James L __ 673 

White, James S. 404 

White, Jessie 581 

White, |ohn S 622 

White, John W 672 

White, Julia Edith 280 

White, Julius 560, 591 

White, l.yman A. 360 

White, Mary- . 76 

White, Mary L._. ' 387 

White, M. W. 172 

White, Patrick . 871 

White, Randall H. 875 

White, Rev. H. H 815 

White, S. F 720 

White, Warren .. .. 673 

White (Warren) & Co 496 

White, William 627 

White, William H 406 

White (William B.) & Co. 496 

Whitelield, George W... ... .. 672 

Whiteford, James Crawford 548 

Whitehead, Helen 223 

Whitehead, Jesse 264 

Whitehead, Mrs. Henry 397 

Whitehead, Rev. Henry _ _ 397 

Whitehead, Rev. J. M.' 815 

Whitehouse, Rt. Rev. Henry |ohn 779, 

780, 782; 784, 785, 786 

Whitehouse, William F 780 

Whiteside, Thomas C. . 267 

Whittielil, Thomas 547 

Whitford, Henry K _ 539 

Whiting, Mrs. C. H. ~ 419 

Whitely, William N 504 

Whitely, John. 618, 619,622 

Whitlock, Charles __ __ _ 597 

Whitlock, Frances E. . 344 

Whitlock, J. I 4 ,8, 871 

Whitman, C. M. 688 

Whitman, George R. 390 

Whitman, Jennie R ._ go 

Whitman, Mary A 859 

Whitney, D. P 800 

Whitney, Elizabeth .. ><: 

Whitney, E. H... Soo 

Whitney, E. W. _ __ 522, 525 

Whitney, Fannie Louise . .' 277 

Whitney, Kanny .. 633 

Whitney, Myron W. 630, 631, 633, 648, 649 
Whittemore, E. E. 147 

Whittle, 1). W. ..".'.'". 808 

Whitton, Mrs. H. K. ... 522 

Whyte, Harry I) ~ 4g2 

Whyte, James 492 

Whyte, William H. ... 49-, 

Whyte, (W. H.) Machine Works 492 

Wicker, Charles ( ;. . 420 875 

Wicker, C. M. ."."."... 233 

Wicker, Joel Iloxie 396 



Page 

Wicki-rsham, Charles I 478, 589 

Wickersham, Swayne 102, 866, 867 

Wickersham, W. B _ 415 

Wickes, Thomas H. 231 

Wickes, William R 153 

Wieland, Henry 156 

Wiersen, Rev. O. A 794 

Wiese, Wilhelmina __ _ 530 

Wight, Thomas _ 320 

Wightman, Juliett G 723 

Wignall, Thomas M 730 

Wikoff, B. I) 542 

Wilce, E. P _ 382 

Wilce (E. P.)&Co 382 

W r ilce, S... 864 

Wilce, Thomas 143, 382 

Wilce (T.)& Co. 382 

\Vilcox, Ella 277 

Wilcox, Erastus 396 

Wilcox, George G 371 

Wilcox, Jewett 357, 460 

Wilcox & Mailman 452 

Wilcox, Mrs. W. W 418, 419 

Wilcox, Sexttis Newell. .182, 371, 397, 

405, 609 

Wilcox (S. N.) Lumber Company. 371 

Wilcox, William J 460 

Wilcox, William LeRoy 539, 540, 541 

Wilcox, W. W .'. 502 

Wild, Witte _ . 646 

Wilde, George W 396 

Wilde (James, Jr.) & Co.. 654 

Wilder, A. E _ __ 404 

Wilder, Nathaniel? 860 

Wilder, S. . _ 449 

Wiley, B. B._ 618 

Wiley, fames _ 573 

Wiley, Willard R. 677, 678 

Wilke, William Matthew 533, 534 

Wilken, Emil. 182 

Wilkie, Daniel H. 92 

Wilkic, Franc 1! --684, 701, 705 

Wilkie, John K. 696, 705 

Wilkins, F. H 538 

Wilkins, J. R _. 619 

Wilkins, S. G 619 

Wilkinson, Ella H 702 

Wilkinson, E. E. 422 

Wilkinson, Henry 573 

Wilkinson (Jacob) & Son _ 573 

Wilkinson, John 417, 682 

Wilkinson (John) Company 682 

Wilkinson, Mrs. Henry 519 

Wilkinson, Rev. John _ 780 

Willard, Alonzo Joseph 396 

Willard, A. L 539, 541 

Willard & Driggs 429 

Willard, Elisha Wheeler. 396 

Willird, Frances E 853,871 

Willard, Hattie M 425 

Willard, Peter llaskill 333, 429 

Willard, Samuel 627 

Willcox, Rev. G. B 809 

Wilier, Louis. 87 

Willett, Consider H 406 

Williams, Abram 467 

Williams, Asa__ _ _ 800 

Williams, Benezette 126, 431 

Williams, Charles A 688 

Williams, Eli B. _ 397, 837 

Williams, Elizabeth A 870 

Williams, Erastus S 238, 255 

Williams, Frank B 409, 629 

Williams, George A 622 

Williams, Giles.. 396 

Williams, G. Titus . 335 

Williams, Helen M _ 256 

Williams, J. C... 526 

Williams, Jesse I . 802 

Williams, John _ 478 

Williams, John E __ 672 

Williams, J. F _ 608 

Williams, J. H 785 

Williams, John M 365, 371 

Williams, Julia K 399 

Williams, Louisa 491 



Page 

Williams, Martin I) _ 93 

Williams, M. K 683 

Williams, Mrs. Eli B 397 

Williams, Mrs. F. B. 519 

Williams, Mrs. S. A 625 

Williams, Norman A. 93, 409, 597 

W'illiams, Read A. 120,371 

Williams (Read A.) & Co. 365 

Williams, Rev. E. F 604, 808. 809 

Williams, Richard 619 

Williams, Robert 583 

Williams, R. P. 866 

Williams, S. B 804 

Williams, Stella C _ 276 

Williams, W _ 126 

Williamson, Corinne ... 594 

Williamson, C. O 694 

Williamson, Ed. N 673 

Williamson, Helen C 258 

Williamson, Mannie 563 

Williamson, Mrs. J 419 

Williamson, Rev. John -"89, 791, 792 

Williamson, R. S 875 

Williard, Elvira J 378 

Willing, H. J 411, 522, 798 

Willing, Rev. W. C 792,794 

Williston, Horace 393 

Willoughby, Hill & Co 597 

Wilmanns, A. IX 458, 615 

Wilmanns & Thielcke . 459 

Wilmarth, Henry M .96, 649. 824, 827 

Wilmarth (H. M.) & Bro. 96 

Wilmarth, Homer 397, 841, 875 

Wilmarth, Thomas Wadsworth 96 

Willmin, Joseph. 397 

Wilmott, James. 449 

Wilsey, A'lmira 497 

Wilson, A. A.. _ 134 

Wilson, Benjamin M 875 

Wilson, Catharine 96 

Wilson, Charles H 358 

Wilson, Charles L 252, 703, 834 

Wilson, Clara F 76 

Wilson, Clara J 271 

Wilson, Cleon Bruce 549 

Wilson, Emily _. 551 

Wilson, George 68 1 

Wilson, George W. .126, 130 

Wilson, Isaac G 245. 396 

Wilson, James ... 680 



Wilson, James A 449, 618 

Wilson, James J 591 

Wilson, James L. 277 

Wilson, Jere M 874 

Wilson, John 80, 626 

Wilson, John Lush 396 

Wilson, J. J. S 595 

Wilson. John M. 167, 171, 277, 816, 817, 836 

Wilson, John P 807 

Wilson, John R 703 

Wilson, John S 362 

Wilson, Lee H 672 

Wilson, Mrs. Agnes Spence 397 

Wilson, Mrs. E. Crane 419 

Wilson, Mrs. H. R 526 

Wilson, Mrs. John E _ 419 

Wilson, Rev. J. D __ 430 

Wilson, Richard _ 840 

Wilson, Robert F.._ 591 

Wilson, S. M 841, 875 

Wilson, W. G 69 

Wilson, W. H 627 

Wilt, Mrs. Charles T 625 

Winans, Eva Louise 818 

Winans, Orange S. 206 

Winant, Emily. 650 

Winch, William 648 

Windett, Mrs. A. W 424 

Wineman, Mark 868 

Wingate, Ella 152 

Wink, Henry. 617 

Winn, Madalena.... 422 

Winne, Archibald 622 

Winsiow, Ann J. .. 4<)i 

Winston, Frederick H., 83, 86, 103, 184, 

287, 334. 335- 403. 52f>. 856 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



Pig 

Winston, Frederick S 869, 87 

Winston, Frederick S., Jr 10 

Winston, Mrs. F. II _ jg 

Winter, Julius ._ 62 - 

Winter, Sarah !' 266 

Winter, T . 38 

Wint.-r, W. W 627 

Wintermeyer, Julius C 38 

Wintenneyer, William 626 

Wintlircip, Marion 503 

Wins, lacob C. _ 74 ( 

Wirts, M. K.._ 740 

Wise, Mrs. A. J 41 

Wise, Rev. Isaac M. . 711 

Wisner, Rev. Christian 80. 

Witbeck, Henry 101 

Witbeck (H.) Lumber Company. _ 368 

Witbeck, John II 81, 620, 621 

Witheroll, Sarah Elizabeth 373 

Withrow, Thomas S. 184, 218, 526 

Witkowsky, Conrad 466 

Wittmever, Ciiistav 616, 725 

Woelfel, Camilus __ 525 

Wolcott, Alexander . 190, 397, 62^ 

\\ "oirott, G. G _ 366 

Wolcott, Henry Huntington 396 

Wolcott, Oliver 257 

Wolcott, Roger 257 

Wolf, Frederick William 

Wolf, George | _ 160 

Wolf, John . 820 

Wolf, Rev. George Frederick 68 

Wolf, Rev. Theodore 68 

Wolfarlh, Max.. 426 

\\oiif, Jacobs -v Co 84 

Wolff, l.udwig 500 

Wolff (1,.) Manufacturing Co 500 

Wolff, MaryC 553 

Wolff. William . 647 

Wolfsohn, Carl 633. 636 

WoKeley, II. W 617 

Woltersilorf, I.ouis 

Wood, Adelbert C ...II 596 

Wood, Albert I'. 90 

W,,od, . \lonzo C .90, 396, 617 

Wood, Andrew... _ _ 121 

Wood, Andrew J 150, 151 

Wood, B. F 077 

Wood, Carrie Lee 599 

Wood, Charles II. . 221 

Wood, 1'.. Knvin 182, 222, 704, -7, 

Wood, George E._ 380 

Wood, Rev. Glen 804 

Wood, James 673 

Wood, Rev. N. E Si 4 

Wood, Rev. W. F 804 

Wood, Silas Lee 151 

Wood, T. R 97 

Wood, W. ![.... 535 

Woodard, Charles Sumner.. 685 

Woodard, Willard 182, 415, 846, 875 

Woodard, William K 227 

Woodbridgc, Mary A 872 

Woodbridge, Rev.' W. G 801 

Woodbury, Mrs. Sarah Emeline Clarke. 397 

Wood bury, William H 293,1121 

Woodcock, Arthur 808 

Woodcock, Elizabeth M 529 

Woodcock, John I 357 

Woodcock, Lindsay J 798 

Woodford. O. F ". ...126,800 

Woodman, Charles I .101,854 

Woodman, Fdwin 837 

Woodman, John 94, 618, 620 

Woodman, John A. __ 622 

Woodruff, Henry 695 

Woodruff, H.W 575 

Woodruff. Mary. .. 718 

Woodruff, Mrs. Delia Gurley 397 

Woodward, A. K. - 114 

Woodward, A. W 535 

Woodward, Helle 286 

Woodward, J. I 871 

Woodworth, James M. 816,817, 8 35, 836, 840 

Woodworth, John M._ 816 

Woodworth, Mrs. Mary J. Houghton.. 397 



Woodworth, Mrs. J. M 

Woodworth, I'. M.".... 

Woodyatt, W. II 

\\oollacotl, John S 

Wnoley, G. A 

Wooley, J. H 

Woolsin, A. C 

Worcester, I'M win 1) 

Worcester, Rev. John Hopkins, Jr 

Work, Ida 

WormiT, I 1 '. I 1 ' 

Wormer, G. S 

Wormer (( ', S.) \ Sons 

Wormer, 11. G 

Worrall, Rev. John M 

Worihington, Blanche. 

Worthington, Daniel... 

Worthington, G. II .. 

Worthington. Rev. George 

Woud, John Vant . . 

W ray, Sarah Jane 

Wren, John S 

Wrenn, John H 80, 272 

Wright, 'A. H 

Wright, Aimer M..... 

Wright. Alfred 461 

Wright, Almira 

Wright, A. M 299 319, 320, 787, 

Wright, Andrew J 

Wright, B. F 

Wright. Charles B 618, 

Wright, Charles D 

Wright, 1). D... 

Wright, Emma I. 

Wright, ( leorge C 

Wiight, George E. _ 

Wright, 11. 1' 156, 

Wright (John) & Co 

Wright, John Murray.. 

Wiight, Joseph 610, 

Wiight, Laura L 

Wright, L. P 610, 

Wright, Mrs. \. H... 

Wright, Mrs. M. A 

Wright, N. T 

Wright, Rev. [. E 

Wright, S. H." 

Wright, Sarah C 

Wright, Timothy * 

Wright, Truman G 

Wright & Tyrrell . . 

Wright, W. .'. 

Wright, W. A 

Wright, W. II 

Wright, W. M 

Wroblewski, August 

Wroe, Thomas J " 

Wuest, S 

Wurmsur, Irene 

Wyant, A. H. 

Wyatt, Sir Digby... 

iVyeth & Vandervoort Malting Company 

Wygant, Alonzo _ 

Wygant, Bernard. .. 

Wygant, Julia E. 

ylie, David 

.Vyman, C. W '.".'.'. 



iVyman, Walter C 

A vman (W. C.) & Co ~~ 

Vynkoop. Mrs. Hannah T. Lowe 

Xavier, Sister M 

aggy, I.evi W._ 

Mrs John A 

Vales, Horace H 396, 

. Richard 833, 841 844' 

Yerkes, C. T., Jr ...82, 

Mrs. Catherine A. Gurnee . 

" 1'. L. I2 g 

Vohn, W. A 

V'ordley, Sarah Ann 

Yore, I """.". 

York, John 

'ouker, J. Clayton 

Vouker, Rev. Alexander 792, 793, 

'oung, Addie . 

Young, Alexander McDonald... 



PR 

. 81 

- 52 

- 53 

- 7 
. 86 

- 54 
. 62 
. 21 

. 8oc 

- ('4 
. 48 
. 48' 
. 4- 
. 48. 
. 8cx 
. 'jc> 

- 396 
. 58. 

- 78 
85. 

- 325 
393 
393 
622 
865 
466 
363 
84 
363 
617 
622 
706 
68 1 
37< 

aqt 

706 
864 
875 
35< 
613 
545 
S?5 
625 
422 
320 

799 
280 

45? 

78 
396 

8? 
836 
618 
280 
619 

775 
691 

615 
35i 
59' 
70 

575 
602 
600 
588 
338 
290 
388 
388 
397 
775 
798 
424 
400 
858 
84 
397 
439 
515 
197 
8/1 
6i5 
7'2 
808 
625 
301 



Page 

Young, Ammi B 68 

Young, A. N... 320 

Young Bros. & Co 720 

Young, Ella F 150 

Young, Emma - 685 

Young, Florus li... - -- 396 

Young, H. N 539 

Young, Mary A. 370 

Young, Mary Caroline 498 

Young, Phebe Jane. 625 

Young, Rev. W. C 804 

Young, Sarah - 127 

Young, William J - 196 

Young, William S. .. .866,868,874 

Young, William S., Jr IO2, 279, 870 

Young, W. W .. 677 

Younggren, Ernest 694 

love, Ira S._ _ 320 

Young love, P. Y _. 616 

Zabka, Francis 775 

Xander, E. W. 449 

Xasadil, Jan 186 

Zavaell, Ludvik 186 

Zealand, Rev. I. G ... . 771 

Zearing, H. II. 422 

Zernitz (John D.) Company 739 

Zettlein, George. 673 

Zeublin, J. E 596 

/.irk, Augusta E 86 

Ziegfeld, Dr. Florence. 616, 635, 640 

Ziemsen, Paul. -.. . _ 617 

Zimmer, Rev. Peter.. . 769 

Zimmerman, Henry W. . 837 

Zipf, Sabina . 736 

Zuber, Magdalen _ 86 

VUTOG*APHS 

Aiken, Mark E 664 

Armour, Philip I). 296 

Asay, Edward G _. 286 

Barrows, Rev. John Henry. .. 796 

Belfield, Henry II 152 

Bemis, H. V 423 

Bigelow, D. F. 422 

Blodgett, Henry W 235 

Brophy, Truman W 543 

Bryant, James M 307 

Bundy, John C 832 

Burrows, Thomas _ 451 

Byford, William II 508 

Cheney, Rt. Rev. Charles Edward. 787 

dowry, P. M _. 556 

Collins, Lorin C., Jr ... 239 

Conway, Rev. Patrick Joseph 766 

Cowles, Alfred 696 

Cregier, Dewitt Clinton 617 

Crombie, Charles B _ 385 

Culver, Charles E 295 

Dennis, Paul H 196 

Dexter, Ransom. 528 

Donovan, Henry F 559 

Dow, Asa 310 

Downey, Joseph 92 

Drummond, Thomas 261 

1 'wight, John H 311 

Earle, Charles Warrington 516 

Ellis, Almon D 730 

Ennis, Lawrence M. 284 

Fairbank, Nathaniel K. 299 

Falk, Louis 635 

Fallows, Rt. Rev. Samuel 788 

Farwell, William W . _ 259 

Feehan, Rt Rev. Patrick Augustine 763 

Forrest, William D .. 255 

Gage, Lyman J. ... . 

Gobel, Elias F 9I 

Gray, Elisha . 504 

Gridley, N. C ""' 288 

Hager, Albert David 413 

Hamill, Charles D 309 

Ilaverly, John II .. 666 



Hawes, Kirk. 



237 



Henderson, Abner W 265 

Henderson, David 669 

I lesing, Washington 704 

Hitchcock, Luke 710 

Hobbs, J. B 3I5 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



Page 

AUTOGRAPHS 

Hodnett, Rev. Thomas Pope 774 

Holdom, Jesse , - 265 

Holmes, C. B 165 

Hooley, Richard M 665 

Hurlbut, Vincent L 623 

Jennings, John D .. 758 

Johnson, Lathrop _ 353 

Jones, Fernando 458 
ones, N. S. 313 

Jones, William... 458 

Kern, Charles 859 

Knight, Clarence A 103 

Leech, Monroe S - 512 

Lorimer, Rev. George C 813 

Lydston, G. Frank .... 517 

McGarigle, William J 159 

McLaren, Rt. Rev. William Edward 782 

McMuIlen, Rt. Rev. John 778 

McPherson, Rev. Simon John 798 

Mattocks, John 283 

Mattocks, Walter 448 

Montgomery, Liston H _ 528 

Moore, Daniel Grove . 529 

Myers, Sidney 435 

Nelson, Andrew.. 399 

Nixon, William Penn 699 

Oram, Joshua F 554 

Phelps, Erskine M 402 

Pickering, Philander 307 

Pratt, Edwin Hartley 536 

Purington, D. V 90 

Ross, Joseph P 508 

Rubens, Harry. 281 

Rutter, Joseph O ,.. 443 

Ryder, Rev. \V. H .".. 826 

Schofield, John McAllister. 583 

Sexton, Austin O 289 

Shepard, Henry M 237 

Sherman, Elijah B 236 

Shuman, Andrew 703 

Slosser, Mac 5^5 

Smith, Perry H., Jr 278 

Spencer, D. D 436 

Spray, John Campbell .. 162 

Stevenson, Sarah Hackett 519 

Storrs, Emery A _. 254 

Stowell, James H 514 

Strong, William E 379 

Swain, Edgar D 587 

Sweeney, John 131 

Thomas, Rev. Hiram W 828 

Thompson, Mary Harris 518 

Thurston, Ebenezer H.._ 527 

Tomlins, William L _ 631 

Tuley, Murry F. 273 

Tuthill, Richard S 235 

Tuttle, Frederick 756 

Van Pelt, John E 869 

Walter, Joel Clarke 835 

Wanzer, James M._ _ 102 

White, Charles J _ 248 

Winston, Fredericks., Jr. 103 

BIOGRAPHICAL MENTION 

Abbott, Edwin Fletcher.. 276 

Abbott, James ._ 712 

Acker, Frederick E 442 

Ackerman, John W _ 69 

Adair, John Dunlap 263 

Adams, Abbott L 372 

Adams, Carrie Gwynne 151 

Adams, Hastings & Co 372' 

Adams, James W 490 

Adams, Milward 652 

Adams, Mrs. Florence James 652 

Adams, Rev. John Coleman. 826 

Adams & Price Manufacturing Co. . 490 

Adams, S. W 494 

Adams (S. W.) Manufacturing Co. . 494 

Adley, Henry. 427 

Adley Manufacturing Company ... 427 

vEtna Iron Works 489 

Agnew, Francis. 80 

Albrecht, C. J _. 690 

Aldis, Owen F 277 

Aldrich, Henry H ._ 303 



Page 

BIOGRAPHICAL MENTION 

Allen, Charles Billings 547 

Allen, Charles F. M 286 

Allen, Edward R._ 603 

Allen, Egbert Fillmore. 262 

Allen, Frank S 589 

Allen, Luman 275 

Alles, John F 97 

Alles (John F.) & Brother ' 97 

Alles, John. Jr 173 

Alles, Joseph W. 97 

Almini, Peter M 62^ 

Alsip, Frank 7 

Althrop Pub. and Mailing House.. 685 

Althrop, Thomas..... 685 

Amberg, Franc 36^ 

Amberg, William A._ 688 

Ambrosini, Peter 

Ambs, Lawrence _ 55; 

American Machinery Company 491 

American Steam Boiler Works 486 

American Steam Engine Works 488 

Amick, Pleasant . . 1 

Amsden, A. G 218 

Andersen, Sebastian 749 

Anderson, Gustavus 450 

Anderson, John 423 

Anderson, Nils. 29.) 

Anderson, Peter W 73 

Andrews (A. H.) & Co.. 735 

Andrews, Alfred Hinsdale. 735 

Andrews, Frank . 553 

Andrews Lumber Company 735 

Andrews, William B 304 

Angell, William A. 232 

Angus & Gindele. 

Angus, John 82 

Appel, Henry .. 91 

Armstrong, William 226 

Arnd, Charles _ 248 

Arnold, J. M __ 490 

Arnold, M. B 357 

Artesian Well Ice Company 337 

Asay, William C 286 

Avers, Frederick Henry 79 

Avery, Henry Cyrus. 679 

A very, Thomas Morris ... ._ 371 

Avery (T. M.) & Son 371 

Ayer, Edward F 385 

Ayer Lumber Company 385 

Babbitt, William D._ 450 

Babcock & Park 378 

Bacon, Roswell B 253 

Badger, A. C 374 

Badger, H. H 374 

Bailey, Edward W 306 

Baird, Frank Theodore 635 

Baird, Frederick Silas 274 

Baker, Frank __ 269 

Baker, John M 552 

Baker, W. B 384 

Baker, William. 353 

Baker, William Taylor 312 

Baldwin, Byron A. 98 

Baldwin, Lewis Sherman 501 

Baldwin (L. S.) Manufacturing Co. 501 

Ball, Farlin Quigley 258 

Ballard, Addison _. 372 

Ballard, Henry C . 250 

Ballaseyus, Francis Albert 642 

Ballenberg, Jules. 726 

Bane, Oscar F 722 

Bangs, Dean.. 485 

Bangs, John D 485 

Bangs (John D.) & Co 485 

Bangs, Mark.-. ._ 234 

Banning, Thomas A . .. 276 

Banton, J. Floyd. 542 

Barber, Edward L 255 

Barker, William Abner 534 

Barlow, Henry C 221 

Barnard, Josiah 351 

Barney, John F 93 

Barney & Rodatz 93 

Barrensheim, Henry 580 

Barrett, Oliver W 600 



Page 
BIOGRAPHICAL MENTION 

Barren, Elwyn A _. 700 

Barrows, Rev. John Henry 796 

Barry, Robert 230 

Barry, Samuel Stedmaii 98 

Bartholomay & Burgweger Brewing 

Company 577 

Bartlet, John A 173 

Bartlett, Buel H 693 

Bartlett-Davis, Jessie _ 637 

Bartlett, Maro Loomis 642 

Bartlett, Rufus II 529 

Bartling, Rev. William H. F 821 

Barton & Jones. 374 

Barton, Jesse Billings 277 

Barzynski, Rev. Vincent 777 

Basse & Co 383 

Basse, Ferd. L. F 383 

Bassett & Beaver. 95 

Bassett, C. W._ 553 

Bassett, James Smith 95 

Bassett, O. P 690 

Batchen, James . 85 

Batchen, John S. F _ 85 

Bauland, Jacob H . 719 

Bauland, Joseph H 719 

Baur, Hugo Franklin 552 

Baus, John 113 

Baxter, Thomas Marshall 321 

Bay, George P 444 

Beach, Elli A 297 

Beadell, Madison __ 114 

Beard, John P.. 114 

Beaver, James E.__ _ 95 

Beazley, John G 304 

Becker, A. G 445 

Becker, Frederick Walter. 260 

Beeh, Edward, Tr __ 690 

Beers, Samuel 399 

Behrle, Raymond _ 686 

Behrens, Max 550 

Beidler, Henry 499 

Beidler, Jacob 369 

Beidler (J.) &Co. Lumber Company 369 

Beiersdorf , Jacob 736 

Belfield, William T . 510 

Bellows, George G 251 

Beman, Solon Spencer 72 

Bemis & Curtis Malting Company.. 575 

Bemis, Dwight L - 575 

Bemis, H. V 355 

Bemis, Joseph G 542 

Bemis & McAvoy Brewing Company 576 

Benedict, Amzi 717 

Benner, Mathias. 498 

Benner (M.) & Co 498 

Bennett, Alfred Allen 817 

Bennett, John Ira 236 

Bennett, J. L. 714 

Berg, Ole _ . 426 

Berger, Harry _ 727 

Bergeron, Rev. A. L 773 

Berlin, Robert C _ 74 

Bernardine (Dolwek) Rev. Fr 770 

Berry, Henry J 497 

Berry, Oliver A _ 197 

Bert, Eddy 509 

Besley, E. D... 579 

Besley, William 579 

Best, Henry 239 

Best, Russell & Co 581 

Best, William 581 

Betsche, Charles W 739 

Betsche & Ricke Manufacturing 

Company. 739 

Bigelow, Anson A.. 377 

Bigelow Brothers ... 376 

Bigelow, Hiram 288 

Bigelow, William H 377 

Billings, Cornelius Kingsley Garri- 
son ._ 128 

Birren & Carroll 762 

Birren, Cornelius 762 

Birren, Nicholas _ 762 

Bisbee, Lewis H 266 

Bischoff, H.Alexander 389 



SPEC! \l. IXDK.V 



BIOGRAPHICAL MKNMON 

Blair, Horatio Porter. 94 

Blair, l.yman _ __ 756 

William T 

Wake, lohn Oliver (>Sj 

Blafceljr, C. F 688 

lilakemore, |oseph 426 

lilatx., \'alentine _ 579 

Blettner, August 114 

Bliss, George Harrison - 5<i> 

IModgett, Edward Angn-llls 

Blomgren Bi"s. ,\ Co 691 

Bliinigren, Claus G... 691 

Blomgrcn, Oscar N 

Blum, Alfred ... . 234 

Bockius, F. B. Eisen . 515 

Boenert, Anton . . -.'1)4 

Boernc, Bettman 516 

Bogaidiis, A. II 683 

Bogle, \ValterS 3*7 

Bohmann. Joseph.. 653 

Bohner, George 404 

Bohner (George) & Co 752 

Boice, II. M 384 

Boman, Rev. Carl Bcrnhard Leon- 
hard ._ 821 

Bontield. M. \V 71.2 

I'.ooth, Alfred.. 295 

Booth, Daniel _ 2<)3 

l!< mill, William Vernon 679 

lloscovit/, Frederick 640 

Bonrniqtie, Augustus-- 654 

Bowernian, Martha Almini _. 534 

Boyington, I.evi C .. 739 

UK!. Edward E 732 

Brachvogel, Charles 425 

Brachvogel <v Press Manufacturing 

Company... .......... 425 

Brackeimsh, Alfred C 3*7 

Urada, Charles ... 501 

Brady, Matthew 1' 270 

Braiiiard, William X 318 

Brand, Michael 579 

Brand (Michael) & Co 578 

Brand, Rudolph. 579 

Brand, Virgil M 579 

Brandt, George \V 244 

Brauns, Leopold 307 

Brawley, Francis \V. S ._ 258 

Bremner, Benjamin E 404 

Bremner, David !' 326 

Brenckle, Frank \V. 690 

Brewster, Edward Lester. 442 

Brewster, lolin E 675 

Briggs, Clinton 325 

Bristol, E. S. _ 503 

Bristol (E. S.HVGale . 503 

Bristol, Rev. Frank Milton. 789 

Brittan, Charles II. 636 

Brockw.iy, Mrs L. Freeman 153 

Bromley, Frank C 420 

Broomell, ( lenrge D. . . 3152 

Bronsgeest, Rev. Henry C.. 772 

Brophy, Truman \V 542 

Brown, Arthur K 731 

Brown, Charles 1! 479 

Blown, Dan.. 713 

Brown, Edward < K^ood . 268 

Brown, George Francis _ 230 

Brown, John M 132 

Brown, John W 625 

Brown. S. A _. 382 

Brown (S. A.|\ Co. 381 

Brown, Sylvester F. . 114 

Brown, William II 731 

Brown (W. H.) & Co.. 731 

Brown. \V. I,.. 477 

Browne, Anthony 306 

Browning, Granville Williams. . ... 284 

Bruhnke, I. C. 732 

Brim, Rev. N. C 822 

Brunswick, Benjamin. 683 

Brunswick, Charles. 

Brunswick & Co.. 682 

Brunswick, Joseph I'-i 

Brushingham, Rev. John P., .. 7<i; 



MlOCKAI'IlH M. Ml N I KIN 

Bij.uit, James M 306 

Bryant, I. II 4<)d 

Bryant, John |._ 311 

Bryant ,V Mcscrve 

Buchanan, Fdward P 127 

Buchanan, lames N - 127 

Buchanan, Milford DeWiU 387 

Buchanan, Kobcrt S. 440 

Biichmau, II. \V... 549 

Buckingham, Catharinus I' 479 

Buckingham, Fbenc/.er 479 

Buckingham, Reuben I) 745 

Bncklen, II. E 752 

Buell, George C.. 282 

Bucll, [ra Warren 249 

Buhmann, Tliemlore \V._ 740 

Bnhrer, John S 4,Si 

Billiard, "Charles William . 507 

Billiard \ Gurmlcy. .- 507 

Bullen, George 575 

Bund), John C 832 

Bunge, Christoph 308 

Bunte Bros ,V Spoehr 753 

Burehell, J. E 456 

Burcky, Frederick 327 

Burdett, Fdward A . __ 483 

Burgess, Alon/o 507 

Burgett, John M. II 276 

Bnrgweger, Leonard 577 

Burmeister, John C.. 491 

Burnett, Mary Weeks. 536 

Burrows, Thomas 451 

Burrows, Mrs. Thomas . 451 

Burwash, Henry John 531 

Burwell, W. I!.'. 485 

Busscy, L. White 700 

Bussey, William H 699 

Bush, Lewis __ 491 

Bushnell, Winslow 376 

Butler, Jonathan Selby 128 

Butler, Nathaniel 817 

Butler, Rev. Patrick T 769 

Butler, Rev. Thomas 766 

Butler, William Patterson. 128 

Byford, H. T 521 

Caldwell, W. W 470 

Calkins, J. W _ 502 

Callaghan, Sister Mary Basilia 775 

Callahan, Michael 115 

Callahan, Patrick 485 

Cameron, Amberg & Co _. 688 

Camp, Isaac N 653 

Campbell Brothers' Manufacturing 

Co... -. Si 

Campbell, Murdoch 81 

Canfield, Corresta T 538 

Carbine, Thomas __ 185 

Carder, George Herbert 538 

Cargill, Frank R..... 501 

Carlson, Gustaf Henry 432 

Came \ Drury 460 

Carne, John, fr _ 460 

Carpenter, A. A 377 

Carpenter, George B 293 

Carpenter (George B.) & Co 293 

Carr, George 83 

Carr, Henry H 297 

Carroll, John _ 762 

Carroll, Rev. John Joseph 765 

Carroll, Robert Stevenson _. 267 

Carseley, Francis M 737 

Carson, James D 228 

Carson, John B 226 

in, Rev. J. M . . 776 

Carter, Artemas.. _ 370 

Carter, James B._ 309 

Carter, Zina K 309 

Carter (7.. R.) & Co . 309 

Case, Flisha W 329 

Cashman, Rev. Thomas Francis... 777 

(a-,s, Edward II 328 

Cass, George Willis.. 270 

Chaffee, Francis 762 

Chamherlin, Rhuel Hampton 214 

< 'handlers, i leorge ... 89 



, MKNTION 

Chambers, J. B 

Champion 'Reaping and Mowing 
Machines 

Chandler, Cornelius C 

Chandler, William W 

Chandler, William W., Jr 

Chase, Benjamin F 

Cheney, I.ucian Prentiss 

Chicago Chain Works 

Chicago Cooling Rooms 

Chicago Dredging and Dock Com- 
pany ... 

Chicago Foundry 

Chicago Gas-Light and Coke Com- 
pany.. 

Chicago Horseman Newspaper Com- 
pany 

Chicago Journal-Bearing Works 

Chicago Lumber Company.. 

Chicago & Minonk Coal & Coke 

Company 

Chicago News- Letter 

Chicago Pie Company. -- 

Chicago Steel Works ... 

Chicago & Vert Island Stone Co... 
Chicago, Wilmington & Vermillion 

( 'oal Company 

Chidester, N. B. 

Child, Albert A 1.. 

Christoph. Henry Jacob 

Clair, Henry 

Clancy, Mark B _ 

Clapp, Caleb 

Clark, Anson Luman _ 

I iark, George W 

Clark (G. W.) & Co 

Clarke, Ward Greene _. 

Clary, William James 

Clausen, Otto . 

Claussenius, ( itistavus Adolphus. . . 

Cleary, James M... 

Clement, Bane & Co _. 

Clement, H. C 

Cleveland, Reuben . 

Clinton, George O 

dowry, Robert C 

Cobb, Henry Ives 

Cobb, Waiter Franklin 

Cobb, Zenas 

Coburn, Lewis L 

Cody, Charles . 

Cody, Hiram H 

Coffin, Devoe & Co 

Coffin, Gorhani B _. 

Colburn, Joseph Elliott 

Colby, Francis Theodore 

Cole & Co 

Cole, Moses T 

Coleman Lumber Company 

Coleman, Rupert 

Coleman, Thomas Daniel 

Collins, Denis.. 

Collins, Downing & Co 

Collins, Joseph B 

Collins, Lorin C., Jr 

Collins tV .\ewland__ 

Collins, William James 

Collins, William 'I' 

Collins, William W 

Colorado Loan and Trust Company 

Columbian Iron Works 

Conkey, Walter B 

Conkling, Llewellyn W 

Connecticut Pie Bakery 

Connor, William Henry 

Considine, Michael 

Constantine (Francis Leber) Rev. 

Fr 

Conway, Rev. Patrick Joseph 

Conway, R. T 

Cook County Abstract Company... 

Cook, Ida May 

Cook & Rathborne 

Cooper, A. J 

Cooper, Arthur N _ 



Page 

751 

504 

83 

602 

do I 
98 

547 
502 

339 

292 
480 

128 

676 
50' 

379 

387 
672 

339 

478 
86 

388 
328 
349 
445 
35'' 
4CXJ 

74') 
540 
347 
347 
522 

54i 
495 
293 
573 
721 
722 
370 
215 
595 
73 
312 
232 

251 

727 
281 
425 
425 
526 
285 
457 
457 
386 

97 
573 

S3' 
722 

76i 

238 
72(1 
726 

455 
216 

457 
4811 
600 
68 1 
328 
98 
3" 

77" 
75 
127 
460 
151 
377 
45" 
495 



SPECIAL INDKX 



43 



Page 

l!hn;i;AI'III( AI. MKVI'ION 

Cooper, George W 453 

Cooper, John S 254 

Copp, A. J 739 

Corcoran, John Joseph 388 

Corlett, George _ 427 

Cosio, Angel 582 

Cossman, Mathias 482 

Covert, Abram H._ 452 

Cowles. Alfred 696 

Cowles, Torris Z 682 

Cox, Henry Clay 151 

Coyle, Patrick _ 762 

Cozine, James Robert 552 

Craig, Robert _ 493 

Crane, Charles S 292 

Crane, Frank R _ 293 

Crary, C. W _ 488 

Crary, Hamilton 489 

Crawford, Alexander King 533 

Crawford, Frank J _ 266 

Crawley, J. A 455 

Creswold, Arthur J 637 

Crilly, Daniel Francis 80 

Crissman, Ira B 545 

Crocker, Ansel Leland 739 

Crombie, Charles B 385 

Cronin, Philip Patrick Henry 530 

Crook, John 115 

Crosby, Albert 577 

Crosby, Wareham W 387 

Cross, C. L. 374 

Oowhurst, Charles C 83 

< towley, Jeremiah J 569 

Cruikshank, Charles Kli 286 

Cruttenden, Thomas S 720 

Cruver, Austin 488 

Cullton, Thomas P 97 

Culver, Belden V 450 

Cummings, Andrew 363 

Cummings, George W.__; 706 

Cunningham, Thomas Scott 468 

Ciirrey, J. Seymour 425 

Curtis, Rev. I'M ward Lewis 802 

Cushman, John Clark.. 600 

Cutler, White & Boice.. 384 

Dake Bakery. _ _ 325 

Dal, John W 514 

Dale, John T 254 

Hale, Samuel Emmet 251 

Dalton, John E 267 

Dalziel, Davison 672 

Dalziel National Printing Company 672 

Dandy, John Milton 707 

Danforth, Jerome J _. 460 

Daniels, John B 383 

Dart', Benjamin E __ 719 

Darrow, Archibald 115 

Davis, Charles \V 378 

Davis, Fred 293 

Davis, J. M.__ 676 

Davis, William J. 468 

Davis, William J _ 670 

Davis, William 1 468 

Davis, Wilson 11... 540 

Dawson, Martin 754 

Day. Joseph Lcverett 727 

Dean, Munson 1) 455 

Decker, Henry 268 

Decker, Myron A... 262 

Delamater, Nicholas B.. 532 

Delano, E. A 491 

Delaware & Hudson Canal Co 387 

Dement, Isaac S 713 

Dement (M. 11.) & Co 712 

Dempsey, Samuel II 381 

Denier, Anthony... 670 

Deimehy, Charles 573 

DC I'rosse, Angelo 639 

Derby, Philander 735 

Deschauer, Joseph 544 

Divine, Peter 486 

Devine's Steam Boiler Works 485 

Devine, William M 875 

Dewes, Francis J. 579 

Dewey, Charles Alfred 534 



BIOGRAPHICAL MENTION 

DeWolf, Oscar C ._ 

Dexter, Ransom. _ 528 

DeYoung, B. R. _ 450 

DcNoung(B. R.)&Co. 450 

Dibble, Charles A 265 

I libblee, Henry 

Dick, A. li 386 

Dick .(A. B.) Company 386 

Diebold Safe and Lock Company.. 497 

Diet/sell, Emil 240 

Diez (John L.) & Co 80 

Dixon, La vail B 68 

Doane, John Wesley 757 

Dolese, John. iSS 

Dolese & Shepard 187 

Dolwek, Rev. Fr. Bernardine 770 

Donnell, E. P 691 

Donovan, Henry F 559 

Doolittle, James K.__ _ 264 

Durwin, Thomas 196 

Dostal, Joseph.. 732 

Dougal, Thomas _ 351 

Doughty, Addison..- 676 

Dovcumuehle, II. C 731 

Dovemnuehle, II. F. C 731 

Dovenmuehle (H. F. C.) & Son... 731 

Dowling, D. M. J 766 

I )o\vney, Joseph. 92 

Downs, Charles S. ... 679 

Downs, William Smith 727 

D" vie, Austin J in 

Drake, Frank 309 

Drcyer, E. S 444 

Dreyer (E. S.) & Co. 444 

Diiesslein, Charles L 713 

Drummond, Willis, Jr 452 

Drury, Edwin 460 

Dryden, Edward W 745 

Dryden(E. W.) & Co... 745 

Duffield, Charles 566 

Dunlop, Alexander 726 

Dunlop, Joseph R 700 

Dunne, Rev. l-'r. Edward J 775 

DuPont Gunpowder Company . 761 

Dunham, J. S 294 

Dunham Towing and Wrecking Co. 294 

Dunphy, John M 79 

DuiHon, Frank H 682 

Dunton's Spirit of the Turf 682 

Dunton, Thomas F 345 

Dutcher, George N 493 

Dwight & Gillette 306 

Dwight, John II 306 

Dwyer, James P 582 

Dyer, Clarence H 387 

Earle, Charles Warrington 516 

Earle, John Estcourt 294 

Earnshaw, Emanuel 84 

Easton, Charles L 255 

Eaton, E. E 507 

Eaton & Prince _. 491 

Eaton, Thomas W 491 

Eberhart, John F 147 

Ebersold, Frederick no 

Ebertshaeuser, Henry 86 

F.bertshaeuser & Riley. 86 

Eddy, Albert M 480 

Eddy, Clarence 636 

Eddy, Devotion C _. 399 

Eddy, George D 479 

Eddy, Robert M 479 

Edmonds, William 98 

Edwards, Ebenezer 312 

Edwards, George D . 745 

Edwards & Guhl 312 

Edwards, Henry B 745 

Edwards, Henry J. 745 

Edwards, James Augustus 315 

Eggleston, Charles B 314 

Ehman, Charles 739 

Eilenberger, Herman 81 

Eklund, Rev. Henry Werner 794 

Elison, John A 352 

Elliott. William S., Jr 285 

Ellis Almon D. _ 730 



Page 

BIOGRAPHICAL MENTION 

Ellithorpe, Albert C 499 

Ellithorpe Air-Brake Company 498 

Ellsworth, Lewis . 267 

Ellsworth, Lewis C 268 

Ellsworth, Milton S 268 

Eimes, Carlton D __ 480 

Elmes, Charles F _ 480 

Elphicke Charles W 470 

Elvig, Albert J.. 260 

Ely, Charles "F 538 

Emerich, J. T 582 

Emrich, Rev. Frederick Ernest 809 

Engert, Rosa Henrietta 521 

Engle, Augustus . 341 

Engle, Edward 341 

Englehardt, George A 485 

English, William J. 261 

Ennis, Alfred 231 

Ennis, Lawrence M 284 

Ernst Brothers Brewing Company. 577 

Ernst, Charles Emil 577 

Ernst, Leo 577 

Esher, Edward B 558 

Essing, Rev. Joseph 770 

Estey & Camp 653 

Evald, Rev. Carl A 821 

Evans, H. J 328 

Everett, Edward 534 

Everett, Francis Denison 729 

Everett, John C 245 

Everett, William S _ 244 

Exhaust Ventilator Company 500 

Fairbank, Nathaniel K 299 

Fairbanks, John 685 

Fairbanks & Palmer 685 

Falk (Franz) Brewing Company 580 

Falk, Louis 634 

Fallows, Rt. Rev. Samuel 788 

Falter Brothers 86 

Falter, Peter 86 

Falter, Philip 86 

Fanning, J. D 359 

F'argo, Charles ._ 600 

Farnum, George A 328 

Farrell, M. P 573 

Parson, R. B 385 

Farwell, Marcus A 761 

Faxon, Nat 99 

Fay, James W 720 

Feehan, Mother Mary Catherine ... 775 
Feehan, Most Rev. Patrick Augus- 
tine 763 

Fellows, Edgar A 284 

Felsenthal, Gross & Miller 443 

Felsenthal, Herman 443 

Felton, Charles Emory-- 118 

Fenner, Irvin R . 553 

Fernandez, Francisco 582 

Ferris, Frank 221 

Field, Benedict & Co 717 

Field, Benjamin M 717 

Field, Eugene 702 

Field, John S 338 

Field, Oscar 363 

Fieldhouse, Dutcher & Belden 493 

Fieldhouse, Joseph 493 

Finerty, John F 707 

Fischer, Edward J 549 

Fischer, Rev. Peter 768 

Fish, Alexander J 330 

Fisher, Albert J 708 

Fisher, Augustus F 384 

Fisher, B. G 310 

Fisher, Henry J 287 

Fisher, L. G., Jr 755 

FitzSimons, Charles 379 

FitzSimons & Council _ 379 

Flanagan, Patrick 427 

Flanders, John J _. 72 

Fleetwood, Rev. Benjamin Franklin 782 

Fleming, John McLean 511 

Flesh, Simon 722 

Fletcher Brothers 86 

Fletcher, Isaac 86 

Flower, James M. 269 



44 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



Page 

BIOGRAPHICAL MENTION 

Floyd, Charles 315 

Floyd, John R 601 

Folsom, Charles A. 274 

Ford, John Sherlock 735 

Ford (J. S. ), Johnson & Co 735 

Foreman, Edward. 404 

Forrest, Philip K 558 

Forrest, William S 245 

Forster, Marcus ]'. 720 

Foster, Henry. \ 283 

Foster, Jacob 'I'homas 141 

:, Thomas 375 

Fowler & Carr_ 83 

Fowler, Charles C 83 

Frake, James 260 

Franck. John August Krnst 548 

Frederiksen, Neils C. . 454 

Fredigke, Charles Christian 547 

Freiberg, Frederick 654 

French, I'otter & Wilson 752 

French, W. A 752 

Freshwater*, Milton R 268 

Frost, Charles S 74 

Frost, W. E 376 

Frost (W. K.) Manufacturing Com- 
pany -. 376 

Fiichs, Gustav 582 

Fuller, Charles Gordon 537 

Fuller & Fuller Company 546 

Fuller, Harry C 223 

Fuller, Oliver Frank 546 

Fuller, William A 378 

Fulton, Jefferson 1 405 

Fnrtt (Henry) & Co 84 

Furst, Henry, Jr. ... 85 

Furst, Henry, Sr 84 

Fy f e, George . - 494 

Gale, F. M. 504 

Galligan, Rev. T. F 767 

Galpin, Homer B. . 240 

Galvin, Rev. Fdward 1 417 

Garber, Chris. C 483 

Garcia, Bonifacio - 582 

Garden City Warehouses 338 

Gardner, Charles ._ 173 

Gardner, Freeland B 372 

Gardner & Spry Company 372 

Gardner, William __ 341 

Gartside, John M. 264 

Gary, Klbert 11 256 

Gaston, Emma Frances _ 520 

Gauit, T. B... --- - 221 

Ga\in, John 1!.., 482 

Gay. Henry Lord. 68 

Gay, William F 97 

Gay (William F.) & Co 97 

Gedde, Ove 338 

Gibbons, John 283 

Gibbs, George A 275 

Gibson, Alexander F 86 

Giles, Charles K... 749 

Giles, Edwin A 750 

Giles Bro. & Co - 749 

Gill, John 1). 283 

(Jill, Rev. Patrick David 764 

Gillette, J. F. . 306 

Gilman, John Ellis.. 532 

Gilmore, Pollock & Co.._ 459 

Gimlele, Charles W 82 

Glanz, Charles 342 

Gleason, Frederic Grant 641 

mi, William II 239 

i Foundry - 479 

Globe Warehouse 338 

< Hover, l.yman I! 677 

Goan, Orfin S 328 

i lobel, Klias F. 90 

Godfrey .Y Clark - 754 

Godfrey, Joseph C 754 

r,"rt/,v lirada --- 501 

Gorl/, Fritz _ - 501 

ie, William 7 

Goldthwaite, lames C 670 

C,o,d, Edward G. - 488 

Goodman, Charles. 454 



Page 
BIOGRAPHICAL MENTION 

Goodman, Edward 7 IG 

Goodman, James li 451 

Goodman, William Owen 380 

Goodno, G. W. R 222 

Goodyear, William 732 

Gormley, James Henry 507 

Gorton, Edward Fisk 277 

Goss, Rev. Charles Frederick , 824 

Gottfried Brewing Company 578 

Gottfried, Mathieu - 578 

Gottschalk, Rev. F 794 

(iramer, Valentine - - 74 

Grannis, Amos 78 

Grannis, Samuel Willis 397 

Grannis, W. C. D -- 439 

Grant, William Cutting .. 250 

Grassly, Charles William -. 548 

Gray, Elisha 593 

Gray, Franklin D 442 

Gray, Henry C. 321 

Gray, John 713 

Gray, Joseph I.ncius. 514 

Gray, William Cunningham 709 

Green, Charles _ 316 

Green, Frank Russell 420 

Green, Rev. James S. _ 788 

Green. Rev. Thomas Edward 800 

Greene, Frank C 563 

Greene, John H 121 

Greene, M. T 379 

Greenebauni, Michael 507 

Greenebaum's (Michael) Sons 506 

Gregg, William M 313 

Gregory, Charles F. 173 

Gregory, Walter B 304 

Greiner, William II 340 

Greiner, Thomas 1 671 

Grey, Clark \- Engle... 341 

Grey, William L._ - 341 

GrilTen, Alonzo M 714 

Griffin, Thomas Augustin . 4^0 

Griffith, Robert 496 

Griffiths, John 91 

Grinnell, Julius S 241 

Griswold, Edward P 723 

Griswold, Joseph W 723 

Griswold (J. W.)&Co 723 

Griswold, R. S 690 

Gross, Jacob _ 401 

Gross, Jacob 443 

Gross, Samuel E 451 

Grosse iV Co ._ _. 722 

Grosse, Henry. 722 

Grosvenor, Lemuel Conant 536 

Grover, Alonzo J. 693 

Grusendorf, Henry . 380 

Grusendorf, Ott & Co. 380 

Guhl, Frederick H 312 

Gunderson, G. M 374 

Gunn, John Ross 598 

Gurley, Nahum, . . 341 

Haaker, R. B 733 

Haddock, Charles G. 459 

Haddock, Vallette cv. Kii kcords ... 459 

Hagan, Rev. James Monroe _ 766 

Hager, Albert David 414 

Haggerty, Michael G . _ 727 

Haight, Vincent 531 

Hair, B. M 378 

Hair & Ridgway 378 

Hair, Robert Stanley 202 

Hall, Charles H. 732 

Hall, Christopher W 566 

Hall, George Alexander 532 

Hall, J. Sherman 343 

Hall, Robert Samuel. 519 

Hall, Thomas W 344 

Hall, William Edward 511 

Hallberg, L. Gustave 69 

Ham, Charles II. 564 

Hamblen, Lewis A.- _ . 119 

Hamblin, John J _.. 95 

Hamilton, Edward II. 544 

Hamilton, I. K _ 381 

Hamilton & Merryman Company .. 381 



Page 

BIOGRAPHICAL MENTION 

Hamler, J - 46 

Hammerschmitt, Peter 733 

Hammond, Thomas C 340 

Handy & Co 458 

Handy, Henry H - 458 

llanecy, Elbridge - 271 

Ilanford, Hall & Co 755 

llanford (!'. C.) Oil Company 755 

Hanford, 1'hilander C. 756 

Hannah, Lay & Co 370 

Hansen, Henry C. 740 

Hanson, Franklin S _. 738 

Hanson, Louis - 426 

Harkin, James M 724 

Harkness, Edson J 282 

Harpel, Charles ... - 451 

Harper, John Erasmus .. 516 

Harper, William 197 

Harper, William II 853 

Harries, Rev. David.. 793 

Harrington, James Jay.- 549 

Harris, Charles Murray _ 257 

Harris, Edward P 563 

Harris, E. T. 502 

Harris (E. T.) & Co 502 

Harris, George P - 502 

Harris (George P.) & Brother 502 

Harris, Samuel II 497 

Harrison, Carter H. 103 

Hart, Abraham _ 723 

Hart Brothers 723 

Hart, Marvin G. 540 

Harte, Gregory P 356 

Hartman-& Ertz 495 

Hartman, Fred.. . ._ . 495 

Hartman, George A 119 

Hartmann, Rev. Joseph. 823 

Ilartmann, Adolph 495 

Hartmann & Clausen . 495 

Ilartwell, Fred G 388 

Hartwig, Charles Ferdinand 551 

Harvey, T. W 374 

Harvey (T. \V.) Lumber Company 373 

Ilaskell, Loomis P 543 

Ilasse, Frederick 542 

Hastings, George W. 372 

Hatch, Azel F 272 

Hatch, Henry L _ 723 

Hatlon, Frank _ 707 

Haven, Rev. Joseph 809 

Haverly, John II 670 

Hawes, Kirk. 237 

Hawkinson, Peter L . 248 

Ilawley, George Fuller 527 

Hay, Alexander B 493 

Hay & Prentice 493 

llayden, Albert - _ 506 

Hayt & Alsip __. 75 

Hayt, Henry C 75 

Mealy, John J... 238 

llealy, Patrick J... 634 

Heartt, Robert 166 

Heath, Frederick C 83 

Heath & Milligan Manufacturing 

Company _ 97 

Heath, Monroe 97 

Hedman, Rev. John . 786 

Heineman, William . .. 445 

Hemingway, Hannaniah W .. 544 

Henderson, Charles Mather 729 

Henderson (C. M.) & Co 729 

Henderson, David 669 

Henderson, Howard _ 265 

Henderson. Samuel M. 621 

Henderson, Wilbur Solon 729 

llenneberry, Rev. Francis 770 

Henrici, Henry 362 

Henrici, Philip 362 

Ilenrici, Wilhelm .. 362 

Henry, Charles 747 

Hepburn (John W.) & Co 303 

Hershey-Eddy, Mrs. Sarah 637 

Herting, William A 399 

Hertz, Henry I 156 

Hesing, Washington ....... 704 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



45 



Page 
BIOGRAPHICAL MENTION 

Hesier, Alexander 425 

Hess, C. I). ..-- 667 

Hess, Frederick Andrew 510 

Hewett, Alfred B 317 

Heyl, Rev. Michael 819 

Heylmann, Charles -. 547 

Hicks, John J 746 

Higginson, Charles M._ .. 210 

Hill, Lysander. _. 281; 

Hill, Thomas E 685 

Hill, Rev. Walter H 772 

Hinckley, N. B 210 

Hintze & Baker Company 384 

Hintze, Robert A 384 

Hitchcock Manufacturing Company 745 

Hitchcock, Rev. Luke 792 

Hitchcock, Reuben A 735 

Hitt, John -_ - 562 

Hobart, Henry Martyn 532 

Hodges, Leonard 455 

Hodges, Lothrop Smith 258 

Hodgkins, Jefferson - 127 

Hodnett, Rev. Thomas Pope 773 

Hoelter, Rev. Henry Louis 820 

Hoffman, Francis A., Jr 244 

Hoffman, John 624 

Hogan. Alice Agnes 152 

Hogey, Julius H. 550 

Holbrook, Edmund S 252 

Hoklen, Henry N. 375 

Holden, Nelson B 731 

Holdom, Jesse 264 

Holdrege Livestock Company 375 

Holman, Strange A .. 720 

Holmboe, Leonhard 432 

Holmes, Daniel \V 377 

Holmes, M. H 422 

Holroyd, Elwyn Ashworth ._ 551 

Holton, Charles C . 738 

Honsinger, Emanuel 544 

Hopkins, John Faulkner 529 

Hough, George \V.__ 429 

Howard, John Henry 344 

Howard, Patrick J. 143 

Howard, William Aklrich 511 

Howell, S R 383 

Howell (S R.)&Co... 383 

Howes, Oscar 817 

Howland, Walter Morton .. 260 

Howling & Crowhurst . 83 

Howling, James H 83 

Hubbard, George W 112 

Huber, Julius H 72 

Huefner-llarken, Mrs. II 635 

Hughes & Johnson 692 

Hughes, Thomas- 692 

Hughes, William T 563 

Hull, M. B 369 

Hunl, Charles H 466 

Hurlburl, W. H 206 

Hurlbut, E. R 456 

Hurlbut, Fred. J 698 

Hurlbut, Horace A 698 

Hutchinson, Charles L _ 304 

Hulchinson, Mahlou 530 

Hutchiiison, Malhew Maria Louis . 530 

Hutt, Louis 377 

Hyde, Asa D 452 

Hyde, Charles Edwin 726 

Hynes, William J. 244 

Illinois Pressed Brick Company 76 

Illinois Street-Gas Company ... 128 

Ingersoll, Miss Agnes 638 

lugraham, Granville S. 349 

Ingraham, Sereno Wright 540 

Irving, William 210 

Irwin, David W 302 

Isaacson, Gabriel-- 74 

Isham, Ralph N 758 

Jackson, Benjamin V 207 

Jackson, C. E _. 492 

Jackson, Iluntinglon Walcott 257 

Jackson, M. 732 

Jacobs, Gabriel .. _ 87 

Jacobs, Michael A. 87 



Page 

BIOGRAPHICAL MENTION 

Jacobs, William V 588 

Jacobus, Judson Shardlow 547 

Jaffray & Co. 720 

James, Josiah L. 452 

Jaquish, L. C. 712 

Jefferson, W. J ... 691 

Jeffery, Edward T, -. - 195 

Jenkins, Robert Edwin. 257 

Jenkins, Thomas R. ... 393 

Jennings, John D 758 

Jensen, Paul Christen.- 530 

Jerome, Benjamin M. ... 602 

Jerrems, William George 727 
erusalem, Joseph 579 

{evne, Christian 349 
ewell, William J 562 

Jewett, Edward Adams 231 

Jewett (Sherman S.) & Co 483 

Johnson, Andrew Gustave. 389 

Johnson, Edgar II 363 

Johnson, Ernest V 88 

Johnson, Frank E 680 

Johnson, George H 87 

Johnson, Hans... 483 

Johnson, Henry W. 735 

Johnson, Herbert B - 264 

Johnson, J. M 732 

Johnson, Mats 746 

Johnson & Metzler 746 

Johnson, Peter 690 

Johnson (Peter) & Co 690 
ohnson, Peter C 692 

Johnson, Rev. Ilerrick 802 

Johnson, William Herbert ... 282 

Johnson, William J 545 

Johnston, J. P 750 

Johnston, P. D 598 

Johnston, William V 77 

Jones, J. Blackburn _ _ 281 

Jones, John Howard 559 

Jones, Nathaniel Magruder 270 

Jones, Rev. Jenkin Lloyd _ 825 

Jones, Stevens S._ 832 

Judson, William B 386 

Juergens & Andersen 749 

Juergens, Paul 749 

Jung & Borchert 579 

Juul, Rev. Ole 822 

Kadish, Leopold 1 575 

Kaiser, S.. 751 

Kammerer, Frank G __ 314 

Karls, Theodore 69 

Karpen, Adolph 550 

Kastholm (E. L.) & Co 87 

Kastholm, Emil L. _. 87 

Kastler, Adam P 724 

Kastler Brothers 724 

Kastler, Philip 724 

Kauffmann, Rev. Solomon 830 

Kean & Lines 745 

Kearney, Theodore _. 751 

Keck, J. Martin__ 740 

Keen, B. L._ 478 

Keener, W. T 554 

Keeney, Charles P 454 

Keeney, James F 454 

Keith, H. A __. 480 

Keith, Osborne Rensselaer 717 

Keller, Frederick . 739 

Kelley, Asa P 379 

Kelley, Charles B 506 

Kelley, David 506 

Kelley, Maus & Co _. 506 

Kelley, Rathbone & Co 379 

Kelley, William E. 379 

Kellogg (Charles I'.) &- Co 722 

Kelly, Henry Dennis __ 481 

Kelsey, Chauncey.- . .. 206 

Kennedy (F. A.) Company 328 

Kepler, J. W 339 

Kern, Charles _ 858 

Kerney, William Biddle__ _ 566 

Kersten, George 247 

Kessler, Peter _ 308 

Kettelle, George H 245 



Page 

BIOGRAPHICAL MENTION 

Kilianus (Schloesser), Rev. Fr 768 

Kimball, Charles P 744 

Kimball (C. P.) & Co 743 

Kimball, George F...'. . 100 

King & Andrews. 480 

King (Henry W.) & Co.. 721 

King, Henry William 721 

King, John Blair Smith __ 534 

King, Rockwell . 480 

King \Vhitfle-tree Co 747 

Kingsland, A. W 502 

Kinysland, Jackson &Co._ __ 491 

Kinney, Chester 253 

Kinsman, Charles 720 

Kinsman & Holman .. ... 719 

Kiolbassa, Peter 563 

Kirby-Carpenter Company 377 

Kirkland, Alexander 132 

Kirkwood (A. J.) & Co 487 

Kirkwood, Arthur J 487 

Kirkwood, Thomas S 487 

Kistler, Louis 247 

Klein, Martin C 341 

Kley, John A .. 493 

Klicka, Joseph 426 

Kling, Rev. John Louis 823 

Knapp, Charles Hunt . 202 

Knickerbocker, Joshua C _ 247 

Knight, Clarence A ... 103 

Knisely, Abraham 495 

Knisely & Miller. 495 

Knisely, Richard 495 

Korhler, Peter 120 

Koehler, Rev. Leonhard Charles.. 820 

Koerner, Rev. Charles _ 821 

Kohlsaat, H. H ... 362 

Koplien, Frederick _ 746 

Kossakowski, Mathew Pankracy 531 

Kowalski, Joseph Henry 642 

Kressman, Fred _. 686 

Kretsinger, George Washington 270 

Kroeschell, Albert 487 

Kroeschell Brothers 487 

Kroeschell, Herman 487 

Krueger, Theodore 485 

Kuhnen, George 746 

Kuhnen, Nicholas 746 

Ktippenheimer, B _. 722 

Kuppenheimer (B.) & Co.._ 722 

Kurtz Brothers & Buhrer 480 

Kurtz, Frederick W 481 

Kurtz, George. 481 

Laing, Cuthbert W _ 288 

Lamb, Charles A 494 

Lambert, Charles E 206 

Lambin, Frederick J 427 

Landell, John E 761 

Lane, Frank B __ 247 

Lane, James 398 

Laning, Charles Elmer 537 

Larkins, Robert __ 382 

Larimer, Joseph M 478 

Larimore, James W 150 

Larrabee Brothers 468 

Larrabee, Charles D 468 

Larrabee, Rev. Edward A. 785 

Larrabee, William D.._ 468 

Larsen, Charles C ... 863 

Larsen, Iver 483 

Larsen, Lars I 483 

Lathrop, J. L 210 

Laughlin, Edward 112 

Lawinski, Sylvester 653 

Lawler, Frank 863 

Lawrence, Edmund Clark 222 

Lawrence, Rev. William Mangam . 812 

La wson, Victor F _ 701 

Leake, Joseph B __ 235 

Leber, Francis (Rev. Fr. Constan- 

tine) __ 770 

Ledochowski, Napoleon 639 

I-ee, J . . 733 

l.eeb, Henry 579 

Leech, Monroe S 512 

Lees, Edward 312 



4 6 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



BlOGRAPHll Al Ml-.N I [ON 

Lehman. F.dwin ____ _____ ..... ___ 

Lehman, ( io >i gc ____________ _____ 

Lehman (George) \ Son .......... 

Lehmanit, Alfred A _____ ........ . 

Lehmann, Frederick _______ ...... 

I .eland, M. J _____ ...... ____ ..... 

I.eland, Warren !' ...... ________ 

Leonard, George II .............. 

Leonard, James ..... __________ .. 

Leonard, Raymond l.ockwood ___ 
I .etlon, Theodore \V ............. 

I.ewald, Frank ...... ____________ 

Lewis, A. M _________________ ___ 

Lewis, William ---- ___ ........... 

Libby, McNeill ,V I.ibby - - .. 
Lieb, Hermann ------------- _____ 

Life Insurance Information, liureau 



I'MO 

91 
91 

91 

. 741 
740 
338 

358 
262 

4*6 
510 
468 
751 
344 
638 
757 
134 

f ..... ---------------------- 4/0 

Lightner, Milton C _______ ........ 315 

Linn, William K ..... ____________ 303 

Lilies Manufacturing Company ____ 742 

Lilies, 'Thomas G ....... . ........ 742 

Lilly, I. X _____ ................. 529 

Lilly, Thomas A. ......... - ..... 529 

Lindaucr, Itenjamin. . ____ ..... ___ 724 

Lindaner lii..s. ,v<'o._. .......... 724 

Lines, David J ------- ........... 745 

I. ingle, S. I! ...... _ ....... __ ..... 452 

Little, Rev. Arthur _______ ..... 807 

Livesy, Rupert James ___ ._ ...... 551 

Lloyd, Elisha Emmons _______ ._ 113 

Lobingicr, Rev. Henry Schell _____ 818 

l.ochner, Kev. Louis K. J ......... 821 

Loekwood, I. LeGrand ..... ______ 223 

l.ockwood, John J ............. .. 77 

Lock\vood iV Kimbell ...... ____ .. 77 

Logan, Frank G _______________ .. 311 

T.oma.x, John A ------------ ...... 573 

Lonergan, Rev. Arthur P.. ....... 768 

Long, John Conant ____ .......... 456 

Loomis, John Henry _____________ 151 

Lorangcr, Joseph ................ 732 

Lord & Bushnell Company ________ 376 

Lord, E. A ...................... 376 

Lord, Owen & Co ....... ___ ...... 546 

Lord. Thomas ___________ ........ 546 

Lorimer. Rev. George C .......... 813 

Loring, Malek A _______ ____ ...... 357 

Loud, Edward de Cormis ......... 305 

Love, Thomas .................. 481 

Low, James E ....... ____ ...... 545 

Ludington, Wells & Van Shaick 
Company ________ ..... -- ..... 380 

Ludlow, GeorgeW... ............ 730 

Ludlow (George \V.) & Co ....... 729 

Luette, Rev. Fridolinus ---------- 770 

Lundgren, Leonard. ............. 538 

Lundh, Charlotte .......... ------ 152 

I.unt, Orrington ------- .......... 791 

Lydston, G. Frank ...... _________ 517 

Lyman, David Brainerd .......... 254 

Lyon, George W ................. 634 

I, yon (S: Healy .......... . ........ 634 

McArthur, Cuthbert .............. 87 

McAuley, Daniel R... ........... 186 

McAuley, John T .............. __ 76 

McAulift, John. ................. 847 

Mi -Avoy, John II ------- .. ....... 576 

McClory, Henry ................. 271 

Mi I 'omiell, Charles H ............ 667 

McConnell, |ohn S _____ . . _. 666 

McCoy, William.-. ........ ______ 358 

McCullough, Hiram R .......... . 202 

McCully, John ________________ .. 100 

McCnlly \ Miles _______________ loo 

Mi- Donald,- Malcolm ............. 374 

-McDonald (Malcolm) Lumber Com- 

pany ---- ..................... 374 

Mi- 1 kmnell, ( Iharles.. ............ 147 

McDowell, lolin Adair __________ 432 

McDowell (M. K.) \ Co __________ 581 

McKwcii, lolin . ________ ........ 78 

Mi l-'.wen, |olin. |r.- ________ ____ 78 

MrFwen (John) & Son ______ ____ 78 

McFarland, J ..... .. ............ 487 



BIOGRAPHICAL MKNTION 

McFarland, J. C 

McFarlane i\ Gibson .- 

Mcl-ailane, Norman 

Me Fat rich, lames liurton - 

Mil i.triglc, William J.- 

MI-I ;.irry, Patrick 

Mc( !raw, James. . 

McGnire, Kev. Hugh 

Mclntosh, |ohn A 

Mclntyre, Charles Joseph 

McKay, Francis Marion 

Me Key. Henry 

McKillip, Thomas K.. . . 

McLaren, Rt. Rev. William Edward 

Mcl.aughlin, Mrs. Mary 

McLennan, John A 

Mtl. orainc, Daniel J. _. .. 

McMulIen, James. 

M< Mullen & Officer 

Mcl'herson, Rev. Simon John 

McRobie, John 

Macfarlane, John W 

Mackey, Spoor 

Mad .achlan, l.achlan 

MacMillan, Thomas C 

Maher, 1'hilip - 

Malam, Edward 

M alien, Hermann Z 

Mailman, A. S. . . 

Mandel Brothers 

Mamie!, Emanuel .. 

Mandel, Leon 

Mandel, Simon .._ 

Manierre, George 

Manierre, William Reid 

Manning, William J 

Marble, Charles E 

March, Calvin Gate 

Marine Engine Works 

Marinette Iron Works 

Marsh, Rev. T. I' 

Marshall, Caleb II 

Martin, Forman M 

Martin, George Patterson . . 

Martin, Robert T .. 

Martin, Stephen E. W. .. 

Mary Basilia (Callaghan) Sister ... 
Mary Catherine (Feehan) Mother.. 

Mason, William Ernest 

Matter, John, 

Matthews, Henry M 

Mattocks, Walter 

Mauritzon Brothers -_ 

Mauritzon, Hakon A 

Mauritzon, M. Josephus 

Maus, Fred K 

Maxwell Brothers 

Maxwell, Henry B 

Maxwell, James 

Mayer, David 

Mayer, Frank --. _. 

Mayer (F.)& Co 

Mayer, John Albert--. 

Mead, David S 

Mechanical Bakery 

Medill, Samuel John 

Median \ Kelly 

Meehan, Patrick Henry - 

Meier, Rev. Jacob _ 

Meilbeck, Leo -. 

Meloy, Rev. William Taggart 

Memlsen & Winter 

Mercantile Agencies 

Merriam. Collins \- Co. 

Messersmith, ( k-orge 

Mestling, II. W 

Metallurgist Publishing Company.. 

Met/.ler, Jacob M. ._ .. 

Met/.ner, W. C'. 

Met/.ner (W. C.) Stove Repair Com- 

pany.. 

Meyer, August-. 

Meyer, C. j. I 

Miessler, Earnest Gustavus Her- 
mann 



Pmge 

4<y 

86 
86 

54' 
158 
486 
89 
7f>7 
483 
53 
151 
272 

84 
780 
762 

69 

59 fl 
370 
37 
797 
595 
35" 
99 
35t> 
700 
35i 
35i 
742 
452 
718 
718 
718 
718 
261 
338 
262 
690 
288 
489 
488 

791 

326 

731 

552 

99 

329 

775 
775 
280 

558 
270 
282 
456 
456 
456 
506 
384 
384 
384 
718 
736 
735 
552 
132 

325 
696 
481 
481 
815 
847 
805 
38i 
353 
S48 
91 
576 
708 

746 
485 

4*4 
383 
377 

533 



Pagt 
I:IOI;I;AI'|||CAI MKNTION 

Miles, Holland F. ... - too 

Miller, Adam - 444 

Miller, Charles C 69 

Miller, Charles P. 683 

Miller, Frederick . 444 

Miller, James A 495 

Miller, John - 341 

Miller, Michael M. .- - 244 

Miller, Thomas Spencer.- 68 1 

Mills, Luther l.atlin 240 

Miner, Noyes Billings 641 

Minor, Anderson So 

Misch, George A 100 

Mitchell, Andrew J _ 602 

Mitchell, C. II 4H9 

Mitchell. Charles P 468 

Mitchell, Clifford 537 

Mitchell, Ellen. _ 692 

Mitchell, John J 441 

Mitchell. Watson & Co .. 468 

Mixer. Charles II. G 309 

Mixe, Theodore S 387 

Moczygemba, Rev. Leopold 775 

Mohr, John.. __ . . 486 

Mohr (John) & Son 486 

Molter, John (140 

Montague, Gilbert 309 

Montgomery, Listen Homer 528 

Montgomery, William A .... 251 

Montgomery, William II. 553 

Moody, Alexander. _ 329 

Moody t V Waters 329 

Moore, Daniel Grove 529 

Moore, Isaac A., Jr 742 

Moore, James E 742 

Moore, Logan K 211 

Moran, Patrick 346 

Moran (P.) A: Co 346 

Moran, Thomas A _. 238 

Moretti, Rev. Sosteneus __ 777 

Morgan, James F _ 210 

Morgenthau, Bauland tV Co. 719 

Morgenthau, Gustav L. ._ 719 

Morgenthau, Maximilian 719 

Morini. Rev. Austin 776 

Morrill, Wesley 453 

Morris, Elias 749 

Morrison, Alexander M 351 

Morrison, Daniel 351 

Morrisson, Plummer & Co 546 

Morse, Edwin I) 364 

Mortensen, Alfred 294 

Mortimer, William E 89 

Morton, George C 370 

Morton, Paul 210 

Moses, Charles Alonzo 92 

Moss, Frank (iodine 597 

Moss, Robert Edward 77 

Moss, William Lathrop 266 

Moulding, Thomas 75 

Moulton, George M. 88 

Muehlbauer, Aloys 686 

Muehlbauer & Behrle 686 

Mueller & Hardekopf 763 

Mueller, Peter _ 763 

Muhr's (II.) Sons 751 

Mulliken, Charles Henry ..- 449 

Munn, James M .' 566 

Munsell, Anson Smith _. 513 

Murison, George W 303 

Murphy, Edward C. 398 

Murphy, Edward W. . 121 

Murphy, John I) 486 

Mutual Trust Society _ 757 

Myers, Samuel 573 

Myers (Samuel) & Co 572 

Myers, Samuel Groot __ 573 

Myrick, Willard Franklin 398 

National Lumber Company 373 

National Tube Works Company... 494 

Neely Brothers 731 

Neely, John Chamberlain 442 

Neely, Joseph C. 7-11 

Neely, M. C " , 

Neely, R """. J, 



SPECIAL IN HEX. 



47 



r,ioi;i;Arni( Ai. MKVI ION 

Neemes, John ('. .... 754 

Neemes (John C.) & Co 754 

Neil, William John 511 

Nelson, Andrew 399 

Nelson, Robert \V 706 

Nelson, Thomas 98 

Neu, 1'eter \V. . 85 

Neuberger, Abraham J 741 

Ncustadt, Frederick __ 97 

Newberry, \ValterCass. 756 

NYwell, Augustus - 653 

Newell (Augustus) <X: Co 653 

\e\vell, L. C 723 

Newkirk, Hawley A 101 

Newland, William Darius 726 

Newqnist, John 83 

Neu'inan, Frank H. _ 537 

Newman, Henry Parker 517 

Newman, lacob 276 

Nichols, Frank M 88 

Nichols, Isaac Watts _.. 750 

Nicholson, Robert-- -- 579 

Nietnann, William 736 

Nix, Charles II 760 

Nixon, Oliver W 699 

Nixon, William 1'enii 699 

Noble, Kev. Frederick A._ 808 

Noel, Theodore 753 

Norden, Rev. Aaron . 831 

Nmns, John W 497 

North, Charles Frederic __ 531 

Northrup, George Washington, Jr. 288 

Northwestern Boiler Works 486 

Northwestern Horse-Nail Company 502 

Northwestern Lumberman 386 

Norton, John Walter _. . 669 

Norton, Nick 676 

\owak, Frank- 174 

O'Brien, James ... 163 

O'liricn, Thomas 364 

O'Connor, Anna Margueretta 152 

O'Oonoghue, Horace 689 

O'Neil, W. j. 690 

(Well, John J. P... 439 

Officer, Alexander 370 

Offield, Charles K 263 

Olheld & Towle 263 

Ogden, Henry 508 

Ogden, Milton David. 533 

Okes, J. D.-_ 582 

Olin, Henry _ 539 

Olson, N. F 691 

Orcutt, W. B 692 

Orcutt, William F 360 

Ortmayer, Andrew 505 

Ortmayer, C. G 505 

Orvis, O. D 432 

Osborne, Rev. Louis Shreve 781 

Oswald, F. A 485 

Oswald (F. A.)&Co... 485 

Otley Manufacturing Company 94 

Otley, Samuel _ 94 

Ott, Oran._ 196 

Ott, William C 376 

Otter, John _ 70 

Otto, Emil 549 

Otto, Joseph _ 509 

Otto, Julius 513 

Ovington Bros. & Ovington 752 

Ovington, Charles K. 752 

Ovington, Edward J., Jr 752 

Ovington, Edward )., Sr 752 

Ovington, Theodore T 752 

Owens, Owen 50(3 

Packard, Frederick William 276 

Packard, Samuel Ware _ 253 

Paddock, George 1 257 

Page(M. E.) & Co 754 

Page, Milton E 754 

Painter, Edwin J 551 

Pajeau, Joseph 762 

Palmer, Azanah K... 378 

Palmer, Frank W 699 

Palmer, Fuller & Co 378 

Palmer, l.orin , r 581 



Page 

BIOGRAPHICAL MKN i ION 

Palmer, L. T 685 

Palmer, Philip A 544 

Pank, J. H - - 576 

Pank (F. H.) & Co 576 

Park, George H 378 

Parker, John R 276 

Parker, Leander D 596 

Parry, Rev. Thomas.- 799 

Parsons & Eoster 375 

Parsons, John II- 227 

Patten, Charles Hutchinson, ... -. 94 

Patten, Edgar S 596 

Paulsen, William A _ 282 

Paxton, Andrew 290 

Peabody, Francis S -_; 388 

Peacock, Joseph . 372 

Pearson, James Henry. 373 

Pearson (J. H.) & Co 373 

Pearsons, Daniel Kimball 413 

Peattie, Mrs. Elia W 702 

Peattie, Robert B 702 

Peck, Nathan S 401 

Peirronet, James S. 308 

Peirronet (J. S.) & Co 308 

Pelt/er, Otto 459 

Pelt/.er, (Otto) & Co 459 

Penny, Arthur W 76 

Penny, George W 76 

Periolat, Clemens F' 342 

Perkins, Amos H 127 

Perkins. Barclay William 214 

Perkins, David Walton 642 

Perry Pearson Company 373 

Peterson, Andrew. 444 

Peterson & Bay.. 444 

Pettit, Briot & Co. _ 713 

Pettit, Frank \V 713 

Pfeifer, Mrs. A. M 726 

Phelps, Dodge & Palmer 729 

Phelps, Krskine M 404 

Phelps, Luman A. _ 638 

Phelps, William W 354 

Philbrick, C. C 360 

Phillips, Andrew Jackson- 639 

Phillips, James M 738 

Phillips, John 737 

Phillips, John F 214 

Pickands, Brown cV Co _ 477 

Pierce, Osborne J 73 

Pieser, Samuel 351 

Pigott, William 689 

Pilgrim, Henry C. _ 552 

Pinkerton, Matt. W 119 

Pioneer Fire-Proof Construction 

Company 87 

Piper, Anson S 337 

Piper (A. S.) & Co. 337 

Piper, Thomas . 337 

Pirrung, Conrad : 362 

Pitcher, Lewis W 678 

Pitkin, Stephen G 672 

Plamoudon (A.) Manufacturing 

Company 487 

Plamondon, Ambrose 488 

Plum, William R 256 

Plummer. Jonathan W 547 

Pohle, Rudolph E 742 

Poole, William Frederick. 415 

Pope, Samuel Isaac _ 94 

Porter, Alfred S.. 678 

Porter Brothers Compan'v 348 

Porter, Frank I 551 

Porter, John Illiss... 288 

Porter. Millett N _ 551 

Porter, Washington. 349 

I'nssel, II. K. Edward 545 

Potter, Edwin A 752 

Pratt, Cyrus N. _ 457 

Pratt, Edwin Hartley _. 536 

Pratt, Parker \- Co 388 

Prentice, I. eon II 494 

Press, AdamJ... - 425 

Press, |acob ._ 747 

Preston, George E 725 

Preston, E. !!.-,_._ ,,, 725 



Page 

BIOGRAPHICAL MENTION 

Preston, William I) 760 

Preston (E. li.) t v Co 724 

Preston, Noble D .' 745 

Price, Abner 77 

Price, C. & A 77 

Price, Cornelius 77 

Price, Vincent C. . r 330 

Price, William 89 

Price, William D 89 

Price (William) & Son 89 

Prince, F'rederick II 491 

Prince, Martin M 552 

Pmnpelly, James K 427 

Purdy (J. !-!.)& Co 750 

Pyatt, Frank 550 

Ouiil, Dennis 186 

Quinn, Gordon II 587 

Radziejewski, Kev. John 775 

Raffen, John T 481; 

Raggio Brothers 361 

Raggio, Charles A 361 

Raggio, John G 361 

Randolph, Smith M 70 

Ranney, John S 453 

Kanney, Joseph N 228 

Ranney (T.S.)& Co 453 

Ranseen, Rev. M. C. _ 822 

Rathbone, Sard X: Co 483 

Raubold, John G 427 

Raubold S; Lam bin 42*1 

Rawle, John 86 

Ray. F. D 359 

Raymond, James II 274 

Raymond, J. N 503 

Rea, John II 558 

Read, Benjamin F".. 338 

Read, Harry J 338 

Read, William T. B 337 

Read, William T. 1!., Jr 337 

Ream, Cadnrcis Plantagenet 422 

Ream. Norman B._ 298 

Rector. Charles H 362 

Reedy, James W 499 

Reedy (J. W.) Elevator Manufac- 
turing Co 499 

Reeve, George Bell 224 

Reid, John W... 80 

Reid, Robert 563 

Religio-Philosophical Journal 832 

Remick & Newell __ 723 

Remy, Curtis H 277 

Reuter, Henry _. 548 

Reynolds, F'rank D ^_. 82 

Rhode, Rudolph E __ 552 

Rhodes, George L 214 

Rhodes, John Foster 281 

Rhodes, Rufus Napoleon 287 

Rice, Elliott Smith __ 761 

Rice, James H 100 

Rice, John A 355 

Rich, Frank __ 345 

Richardson, John Rayner 516 

Richardson, Lloyd Durant 232 

Richey, George H._ 374 

Richmond, Mrs. Cora L. V __ 831 

Richolson, Benjamin F 282 

Rickcords, George E.._ 459 

Riddle, F'rancis A _ 256 

Ridgway, Hamlet C 350 

Ridgway, James V 749 

Ridgway, William 378 

Rielly, James, Jr 344 

Rietz, August . 375 

Rietx (Charles) Brothers Lumber 

Company 375 

Kiel/, Edward G. W 375 

Rietz, F'rederick 375 

Riley, George 86 

Riordan, Rev. I). J 773 

Rising, C. L. 216 

Robbins, Henry S 277 

Roberts, George R 369 

Roberts, John A. G 601 

Robinson, F'lisha A., Jr 349 

Robinson, John C 80 



4 8 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



Page 
BIOGRAPHICAL MENTION 

Robinson & Minor 80 

Robinson, M. S 272 

Roby, Edward 253 

Roche, James H 96 

Roche, John A 492 

Kocl.it/, Jacob 93 

Knurrs, George Mills 103 

Rogers, Henry 548 

Rogers, Joseph M 467 

Roode, Holger de 467 

Roos, Bernhard L 552 

Root, James P 852 

Koseboom, William I . 345 

Rosenbaum, Joseph 297 

Rosenbaum, Morris __ 297 

Ross, (i. II 2IO 

Ross, Julius C. D 453 

Rosso\v lirothers _ 747 

Rosso w, Frederick __ __ 747 

Rounseville, Mme. Christine Niei- 

son 635 

Uovs, Cyril-. 1) 2lS 

Rubens. Harry -- . 281 

Ruddock, Charles II 383 

Ruddock, Nuttall & Co 383 

Ruddock, Thomas S 383 

Ruhling, Adolph 755 

Rumsey, Israel Parsons. 303 

Rupert, A. J 421 

Russ, A. H 762 

Russell, Francis William 232 

Russell, J. K 370 

Russell (J. K.)&Co .. 370 

Russell, Martin J 702 

Russell, W. II 581 

Rv.in, James Ellsworth . 541 

Ryan (M.) & Brother 96 

Ryan, Michael .. 96 

Ryan, Michael W 239 

Ryan, Rev. Francis 771 

Ryan, Thomas 96 

Ryerson, Martin 372 

Ryerson (Martin) <.V Co 371 

Sage, John 329 

Sale, Rev. Samuel 830 

Salomon, I 233 

Salomon (!,.)& Co 233 

Salsbury, Nate R._ 349 

Sandham, Frederick 483 

Sandstrom, August 481 

Sandstrom, Charles Emil _ 482 

Sard, William H 484 

Sargent, Welland Fairbanks 432 

Savage Brothers 489 

Savage, Rev. George S. F 810 

Savage, Richard . 490 

Savage, William Maurice. 490 

Sawers, Rev. Edward Henry 801 

Sawyer, Charles S - 328 

Sawyer, Franklin 340 

SawyerGoodman Company 380 

Sawyer, Joseph 364 

Sawyer, 1.. N 222 

Scales, Frank 747 

Schaak, Michael John 112 

Schaefer, F. C... 513 

Schaefer, Matthew 427 

Schaffner, H 445 

Schaffoer (H.) & Co 445 

Schaller, George John 523 

ScharfT, Arthur H 587 

Schaub. Louis J 74 

Scheppers. Desire Quirini 525 

Scheuermann, Frederick 538 

Schillo, Cossman & Co 482 

Schimpferman, W. II 350 

Schlacks, Henry 197 

Schlesinger, Leopold. . 718 

Schlesinger & Mayer 71^ 

Schlitz (Joseph) Brewing Company. 580 

Schloesser (Rev. Fr. Kilianus) 768 

Schmid, George 79 

Schmid, Godfrey.. 4= ; 

Schmidt, Kaspe'r George 578 

Schmidt, Robert 579 



Page 

BIOGRAPHICAL MKNTION 

Schneider, Nicholas 486 

Schneider, Rev. John.. 8l(; 

Schneider, Samuel Newton. 538 

Schock, Frederick R 73 

Sehoheld, John McAllister 583 

Scholle, Henry E 740 

Schrader, Frederick 724 

Schradcr & Neu/.eit 724 

Schuckrr, Mauritz. 545 

Schultz, August I-' . 427 

Schult/ (A. F.)&Co 427 

Schuster, Paul 574 

Schwab, Charles II 731 

Schwabacher & Co 301 

Schwabacher, Julius. 301 

Schwabacher, Morris. 301 

Scliweisthal, Felix J. 568 

Schwerdt, C. F 421 

Schwiperich, Stanislaus. _ 525 

Scolield, Lewis _ 426 

Scott, Rev. Hugh Macdonald 811 

Scott, James W 703 

Scott, Rev. William Richardson 801 

Scribner, Wiley S. 247 

Sears, Nathaniel C 245 

Sebastian, Michael 736 

Seeboeck. William C. E._ _ 633 

Selz, Morris 730 

Selz, Schwab & Co 730 

Sempill, Walter M 551 

Sennott, Thomas W 247 

Severin, Henry 241 

Seymour, II. F 385 

Seymour & Sargent. 385 

Shader, Augustus Edward 751 

Shaffner, Benjamin M 264 

Shaver, C. II 686 

Shaw, Joseph, 741 

Shaw, Siremba 512 

Shaw, Thomas Jefferson 509 

Shaw, William \V 326 

Shedd (E. A.)&Co 338 

Sheeler, Harvey 84 

Shelby, Dan'l 664 

Shepard, Henry M 237 

Shepard, Jason II 189 

Shepherd, Edward T.__ 465 

Sheppard, Rev. Robert I).. 790 

Sheppard, Richard Alexander 113 

Sheppard, T. H 380 

Sheppard (T. II.) & Co... _. 380 

Sherman, Elijah B 236 

Sherman, I. N. Walter 744 

Sherwood, George A 544 

Shields, Charles 451 

Shipman, Stephen V 72 

Shirland, William Harrie 284 

Shoemaker, Walter 383 

Shoemaker (Walter) & Co _ 383 

Shurly, Edmund R. P 750 

Shurly Manufacturing Company 750 

Sieber, Francis Adam Paul 512 

Sigmund, Herman.. 618 

Sigwalt, J. 692 

Sigwalt Manufacturing Company.. 692 

Silversmith, Julius '.._ 712 

Simmen, John 736 

Simonds, Edwin A 469 

Simons, Charlie B _ 401 

Simons, Edward 400 

Simons, Franklin P 244 

Simpson, |ohn 508 

Sinclair, Charles Frederick 527 

Singley, Charles Clarey 517 

Skeen ..V Stuart Stationery Company 687 

Slaby, John.. 427 

Sloan, Henry Harrison 510 

Smith, Abner 258 

Smith, A. P _ 438 

Smith, Frank J _ 261 

Smith, Grame Lisle 689 

Smith, Haydn Kellogg 698 

Smith, Henry P 677 

Smith & Hcigey 550 

Smith (James P.) & Co ~ 337 



BIOGRAPHICAL MENTION 

Smith, John 72 

Smith, Junius J - . 548 

Smith & Kopfien - 746 

Smith & Malam - 351 

Smith, Mrs. Marianda R 470 

Smith, Mrs. Matilda 149 

Smith, O. J 706 

Smith, Perry IL.Jr 277 

Smith, Peter. _. 746 

Smith, Shea 586 

Smith, Solomon Albert 440 

Smith, Thomas M 351 

Smith, Willard A 708 

Smith, William C 550 

Smith, William E 470 

Smith, William Henry _. 752 

Snow, William B 197 

Snyder, Otho W. F __ __ 541 

Sol'litt, John __ 77 

Sollitt, Oliver N 79 

Sollitt, Thomas 78 

Sollitt, William 78 

South Branch Lumber Company 369 

South Ilalsted-street Iron Works.. 482 

Southworth, John Moore 876 

Spalding, A. W 469 

Spang, Peter 87 

Sparr, Augustus. 84 

Sparr & Weiss 84 

Spencer, Bernard Dake 360 

Spiegel, Joseph 738 

Spoehr, Charles A _ 754 

Spray, John Campbell _. 162 

Springer, George A 452 

Springer, Milton C 565 

Springfield Iron Company 478 

Squiers, Collins S 557 

Stamm, Rev. Martin 819 

Stanford, George Wilson 182 

Stanley, P. E 451 

Stanton, James P 114 

Staples, Frank M 678 

Starbuck, Henry F 72 

Stauber, Frank A 485 

Stauber (Frank A.) & Co. 485 

Stearns, Marcus Cicero 854 

Steele. Edward J 114 

Steen Brothers 747 

Steen, Julius W 747 

Steen, Mathias II 747 

Stein , Louis 723 

Stein (Louis) & Co 723 

Steinmetz, Conrad 81 

Steinmetz & Eilenberger Si 

Stephens, John 241 

Stern, Max 685 

Stevens, William C 424 

Stevenson, William C 163 

Stone, George F 316 

Stone, Jason I) 389 

Stone, Melville E 701 

Stone, Rensselaer 565 

Storey, J. B 750 

Stowell, James Herbert .. 514 

Stratton, Charles J 345 

Straus, Simeon .._ 274 

Streckfuss, Rev. John Adam 820 

Street, Richard 345 

Strippelman, William 70 

Strong, Charles E.__ 708 

Strong, William E 379 

Stuart, Edward Chatfield 687 

Stuart, James E 707 

Stuart, Lewis SiS 

Studebaker Brothers 743 

Sturges, George 440 

Sturgis, McAllister & Co _ 338 

Sturm, Adolph.. 739 

Sturtevant, Edwin _ 90 

Sullivan, Dennis J 427 

Sullivan, James Bernard 99 

Sullivan, Mark 329 

Sullivan, Michael Joseph 99 

Sullivan, William K 704 

Sutton, John go 



SPECIAL INDEX. 



49 



Page 

BIOGRAPHICAL MENTION 

Swasey, James Atwood 543 

Swartz, Josiah -"- - 330 

Sweet, Albert L 388 

Sweet, George . . _ 637 

Sweet, J. W... 689 

Swivey, Matthew 1!. ... ._ 82 

Swift, Lemuel J... 186 

Swinborne, Charles C. 441 

Tabberner, William Walter 221 

Tabor, Mervin 470 

Tagert, Adelbert Hugh . 511 

Talbot, Eugene S 508 

Talbott, E. H 708 

Tansill, R. W 582 

Tapper, George 89 

Tarnow, Charles 741 

Tarrant, Robert 489 

Taylor, John Lu 285 

Taylor, S. G 502 

Taylor, William A 703 

Taylor, William Henry 509 

Temple, William Chase 599 

Tennis, John C ._ 725 

Tennis, Orestus B - 725 

Tennis (O. B.) & Co 725 

Terry Clock Company 752 

Terry, Franklin Silas 599 

Thacher, Chester I 542 

Thacher, John M 275 

Thatcher, Augustus T 387 

Thayer, Charles II, 544 

Thayer, John II 738 

Thomas,' Rev. Miram W 828 

Thomas (Selh) Clock Company 751 

Thomasson. Nelson __.. 172 

Thnniet/, John James 525 

Thompson, Corwin C _ 381 

Thompson (C. C.) eV Walkup Co... 381 

Thompson, John I lowland 249 

Thompson, Merrit Walter 513 

Thompson, W. A _ 381 

Thorn, William Henry 551 

Thorn Wire Hedge Company 502 

Thornton, Charles S . 271 

Thorson, Soren D 741 

Tluirber, Winfield S 424 

Tiffany, Henry Stanton 620 

Tighe, Rev. 1 >cnis Aloysius 776 

Tipple, George _. 96 

Tipple & Coleman 96 

Tobey, Charles _ 734 

Tobey, Frank B.._ 734 

Tolman, Samuel A __ 348 

Tomlins, William L 630 

Tomlinson & Carseley 737 

Tompkins. William Franklin 752 

Toomey, Rev. Daniel B 776 

Torrence, Joseph Thatcher 478 

Tourtellotte, F. W 243 

Tower, Calvin David 748 

Towle, Henry S 263 

Towusend, Frederick B. 73 

Townsend, J. P _ 496 

Trainor, Peter. _.. 121 

Treat, Robert Byron 541 

Trein, Charles _. 732 

Trimen, John W 549 

Tripp, Charles _ 501 

Tripp, Dwight K __ 594 

Troy Stove Works _ 483 

Truax, Charles 553 

Truax (Charles) &Co 553 

Trumbull, R. H 488 

Trusdell, Rev. Charles C, _.. 609 

Tuerk, Charles E._ 688 

Tully, Thomas _ 76 

Tally, T. & J. I).. 76 

Tuohy, James W _. 718 

Tuttle, Frederick 756 

Turner, I.aurin Hilliard _. 720 

Turner & Ray _ 340 

Turner, William Harbron 623 

Tustin, Thomas ._ 10,7 

Tulhill, Richard S . 235 

Tyler, W. H 692 



Page 
BIOGRAPHICAL MKNTION 

Uhlendorf, liodo. 549 

Uihlien, Edward G 580 

Ullman, Joseph. 342 

Union Paper Bag and Paper Co 754 

Union Steam Boiler Works 486 

United States Boiler Works 487 

Upman, Frank 357 

Utter, Rev. David 825 

Valin, Honore Dieudonne 530 

Van Buren, Barent 550 

Vancleave, James R. B 562 

Van Osdel, John M., 2d 70 

Vanderkloot, Adrian 482 

Vankerkloot, Marinus 482 

Vanderpoel, J. II .- 421 

Van Dervoort, Alexander B 364 

Van Pelt, John E 869 

Van Schaak, Henry C .- 679 

Van Schaick, Anthony G 380 

Velie, Jacob W 430 

Venn, Charles 509 

Vergho, Charles 755 

Vergho, Ruhling & Co 755 

Vierling, Frank C. 449 

Vivian, Thomas.. 747 

Vopicka & Kubin 185 

Wachter, Henry 507 

Wacker & Birk 577 

Wacker, Charles II 578 

Wacker, Frederick 578 

Waddell, William G 83 

Wade, Daniel 83 

Wade(D.)&Co 83 

Wadskier, Theodore Vigo ... 67 

Waescher, Frederick H. 72 

Wager, Eugene F _. 388 

Walser, J. J. 233 

Walser (J..J.)&Co 233 

Walsh, MaryM. T.... 151 

Walker, Francis W 241 

Walker, Wirt Dexter 287 

Walker, Joel Clarke 835 

Walker, Oakley & Co 340 

Walters, Charles Edward. 330 

Walworth Reed 375 

Walworth & Reed Lumber Co 375 

Wanzer, James M .-- 302 

Ward, Electus Backus 559 

Ward, O. H. 723 

Wardell, Charles Frederick 492 

Warner, Augustus 686 

Warner, Henry D 308 

Warner, William C 94 

Washburn, Edward S 304 

Washburne, Elihu B 413 

Washburne, Hempstead 238 

Wasmansdorff & Heineman 445 

Waters, Charles E 329 

Watkins, William W 311 

Watson, William H 127 

Watt, Hugh ...: 96 

Waughop, John W 249 

Weatherson, C 503 

Weber, Rev. E 769 

Weigley, Fillmore 458 

Weihe, George W 427 

Weinhardt, Hermann 736 

Weinrich, Rev. Charles G 794 

Weir & Craig 492 

Weir, Robert 492 

Weiss, Frank 84 

Weiss, George A 576 

Weiss (ffieorge A.) Malting and Ele- 
vator Company 576 

Welling, John C 196 

Wellington, Charles L 206 

Wells, John Quincy 174 

Wells, W. A 90 

Welter, Dominick in 

Wcntworth, John. . 146 

Wentworth, Moses Jones 861 

West, Edward Fitch 389 

Western Carriage Repository 745 

Westover, George P 272 

Whalen, William 569 



Page 
BIOGRAPHICAL MENTION 

Wheeler, Calvin T 439 

Wheeler, Francis T ,. 754 

Wheeler, Gregory & Co 304 

Wheeler, Harris A 621 

Wheeler, J. F 304 

Wheeler, Newton Calvin. 275 

Wheelock, Otis Leonard 69 

Whipple, Henry _ 174 

White, Alexander 758 

White, Alexander, Jr 457 

White, Charles J 248 

White, James E 560 

White, "William B 496 

Whiteford, James Crawford 548 

Whiteside, Thomas C 267 

Whitlock, Charles 597 

Whyte, Harry D 492 

Whyte, William II 492 

Whyte (W. H.) Machine Works... 492 

Wicker, C. M ... 233 

Wickersham, Charles 1 589 

Wickes, Thomas H . 231 

Wilce, E. P 382 

Wilce (E. P.)cS:Co.- 382 

Wilce, Thomas 382 

Wilce (T.) & Co _ 382 

Wilcox, George G 371 

Wilcox, Sextus Newell 371 

Wilcox (S. N.) Lumber Company.. 371 

Wilcox, William LeRoy 540 

Wilcox, W.W 502 

Wiley, Willard R 678 

Wilke, William Matthew. _ 533 

Wilkie, Daniel H 92 

Wilkie, John E.. 696 

Wilkinson, Henry. ... 573 

Wilkinson (John) Company 682 

Willard, Peter Ilaskill....'. 333 

Williams, Abram .. 467 

Williams, Benezette 431 

Williams, Norman A 93 

Wilmarth, Henry M 96 

Wilmarth (H. M.) & Brother 96 

Wilmarth, Thomas Wadsworth 96 

Wilson, Cleon Bruce 549 

Wilson, John S 362 

Winans, Orange S 206 

Winston, Fredericks., Jr.. 103 

Wirts, Jacob C. 740 

Wittmeyer, Gustav 725 

Wolfarth, Max 426 

Wolf, Frederick William 68 

Wolff (L.) Manufacturing Company 500 

Wolff, Ludwig 500 

Woltersdorf, Louis 548 

Wood, Adelbert C 596 

Wood, Albert E go 

Wood, Alonzo C 90 

Wood, Andrew Jackson 151 

Wood Brothers go 

Wood, Charles H 221 

Wood, Elmer H 222 

Wood, George E 380 

Wood, Silas Lee 151 

Woodard, Charles Sumner 685 

Woodard, William R 227 

Woodbury, William H 293 

Woodman, John - - g4 

Woodman & Warner 94 

Woollacott, John 78 

Woollacott, John S 78 

Woollacott (John) & Son 78 

Wormer, F. F 489 

Wormer (G. S.) & Sons 489 

Worcester, Rev. John Hopkins 800 

Wright, Andrew J 363 

Wright, John Murray 350 

Wygant, Alonzo 602 

Wygant, Bernard 600 

Wylie, David 338 

Wyman (W. C.) & Co 388 

Yates, Horace II 400 

Young, Alexander McDonald 301 

Young, William J 196 

Zealand, Rev. Joseph G. _. 771 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Adams' Express Building 352 

Adams Street Bridge 129 

Alexian Brothers' Hospital ... 524 

Armory First Regiment . ;M> 

Hoard of Trade Frontispiece 

Board of Trade, ( >pen 321 

vard System, Map of H>.i 

Bryant Block 306 

I'.ucklen, The II. K., Building.. . 753 

Calumet Club 393 

Central Music Hall 652 

\.\V. Railway Depot 199 

C..B. >V O. Railway (')l'tices 208 

Chicago Club _ 391 

Chicago Homeopathic College 535 

Chicago Opera House 643 

Chicago Cniversity - 816 

CiifitriiKS 

Cathedral of the Holy Name 765 

Cathedral of SS. I'etcr and Paul... 781 

Centenary M. E 790 

Central Baptist __ 814 

Chicago Avenue (Moody's) _ 822 

Christ K. E 786 

Church of the Epiphany. 784 

Church of the Messiah 824 

First Baptist Sio 

First Congregational . 805 

First Presbyterian. 795 

Fourth Presbyterian 799 

Immanuel Baptist, Interior 813 

Plymouth Congregational 807 

St. James Episcopal 783 

Second Presbyterian ._ 797 

Union Park Congregational 629 

Zion Temple .- 53 

City Hall, old 104 

College of Physicians and Surgeons 515 

Commercial National Bank 352 

Cook ( 'ouuty Hospital 158 

Cook County Infirmary- - 160 

Cook County Insane Asylum 161 

Council Chamber 106 

Counselman Building- 300 

Court House 105 

Court House, Interior 250 

Crib 123 

Criminal Court Building 241 

Dearborn Station-. 225 

Exposition Building 655 

First Brick Building after fire . 63 

First Building after fire 62 

First National Bank 434 

Foundlings' Home oil 

Grand Pacific Hotel - 361 

Haven School 148 

Historical Society's Building 410 

Home Insurance Building 463 

Hospital for Women and Children 520 

Insurance Exchange 464 

Iroquois Club 403 

'lice Building 68 

Manual Training School 153 

Masonic Hall, Interior. - 616 

Michael Reese Hospital 523 

Montauk Block 66 

Old People's Home 612 

I'almer House 359 



Page 
PARKS 

Central, view in 175 

Central, view in. 176 

Douglas, view in ...-. 177 

Douglas, view in 178 

Douglas, view in... - -- 186 

Garlield, pavilion in... 174 

( iarlK'Id, view in _..--- 179 

llumboldt, view in 180 

Humboldt, view in. I.-7 

Jackson, entrance to 169 

Jefferson, view iu iSl 

Lincoln, view in 183 

South, Drexel Fountain in 170 

Union Park, view in. 185 

Police Patrol Service, five views Iio-m 

Pullman Building _ 71 

Pumping Works, Bridgeport- 137 

Pumping Works, Bridgeport, plan of.. 136 

Pumping Works, Fullerton Avenue 138 

Kathbone, Sard \ Co.'s Warehouse 484 

Residence of 1'. Schuttler 64 

Royal Insurance Building 469 

Rush Medical College 510 

Rush Street Bridge 131 

St. Francis Xavicr's Academy .. 777 

Sodality Building, Church Holy Family 771 

Standard Club 409 

Studebaker Bros. ' Building 743 

Union Club 408 

Union Depot 229 

Union League Club 406 

U.S. Building 569 

VlKU'S 

Ashland Avenue, from Madison 327 

Bird's-Eye, from Water Works iSS 

Clark and Adams streets. 273 

Dearborn and Monroe Sts., se. cor. 352 

Dearborn St., south from Wash'ton 76 

La Salle Street, north from Madison 81 

Michigan Avenue and Jackson St.. 8S 

Michigan Av.. n. from Thirty-first. 85 

Monroe Street, west from Clark 79 

Ontario and Rush streets 287 

Prairie Av. and Twentieth Street. 65 

Prairie Av. and Twenty-second St. 95 

Prairie Av., north from Twentieth. 382 

Randolph Street, east from LaSalle 665 

South Water St., e. from Franklin. 367 

State Street, north from Madison.. 74 

State Street, north from Monroe 671 

Van Buren St., from Michigan Av_ 55 

Washington Driving Park 675 

Wentworth.Hon. John, as Aide-de-Camp 838 

Western Theological Seminary 785 

White's (Alexander) Block 759 

Woman's Medical College 518 

PORTRAITS. 

Allen, J. Adams 509 

Barrows, John H 796 

Blair, C. B 438 

Blake, E. Nelson 318 

Brophy, T. W 543 

Bryant, James M. 307 

Bundy, John C 832 

Burrows, Thomas 451 



Page 

Cheney, Charles E 787 

Conway, P. J - 766 

Cowles, A 696 

r, DeWitt C - 617 

Crombie, C. B 385 

l)eWoll, Calvin 394 

DeWolf, Mrs. Calvin 394 

Dexter, Ransom... - 528 

Donovan Henry F 559 

Downey, Joseph 91 

Drummond. Thomas 261 

Karle, Charles \Yari ington 516 

Fbcrhart, J. F 147 

F.llis, A. D 730 

Falk, Louis 635 

Fallows, Samuel.. 788 

Fcehan, P. A 763 

Foley, Bishop 764 

Cage, l.yman J 437 

Gobcl, E. 92 

Goodwin, E. P 806 

Gray, Elisha.. 594 

Grosvenor, L. C _ 537 

Harrison, Carter II 102 

llenson, P. S SlI 

Hesing, Washington 704 

Hitchcock, Luke 710 

Hodnett, Thomas Pope 774 

Ilolden, C. C. P 101 

llurlbut, Vincent Lombard 623 

Jennings, J. D 758 

Kerfoot, William D 02 

Kern, Charles 859 

Leech, M. S 512 

Low,). E 545 

Lydston, G. Frank 517 

McGarigle, W. J 159 

McLaren, W. E 782 

McMullen, John 778 

McPherson, S. J 798 

Mason, William E 278 

Mattocks, John 283 

Moody, Dwight L 823 

Moore, D. G _ 529 

Nelson, Andrew 399 

Nixon, William Penn. 699 

Pearsons, I). K 414 

Pigott, William 689 

Pratt, E. H 536 

Ream, Norman B 298 

Rutter, Joseph O 443 

Ryder, William H 826 

Schneider, George 441 

Sherman, E. B _ _ 236 

Shuman, Andrew "03 

Spray, J. C 162 

Stone, Melville E _ _ 701 

Stowell, J. H 514 

Swain, Edgar D . 587 

Thomas, II. W 828 

Thurston, E. II 527 

Tomlins, William L 631 

Tuthill, RichardS 235 

Tuttle, Frederick... 756 

Van Pelt. J. E 869 

Walter, J.' C 835 

White, Alexander 759 

Whitehouse, Henry John 780 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



THE RE -BUILDING OF CHICAGO. 



History, in any worthy sense of the term, should be 
more than a bare statement of facts of dates and 
names and numbers and events. It should ask the 
deeper questions as to why things have come to pass? 
And it should also give some reason for the order and 
the manner of their appearing. 

The re-building of Chicago is an accomplished fact; 
and to give the number of laborers employed and the 
material required, and the time occupied in that great 
work, might be interesting as details; but it would offer 
no explanation of the causes that led up to, and made 
possible so great a result. And when one asks for 
these, he is led to ask still another question, and that is 
what were the causes that led to the building of the 
first Chicago ? In the answer to these will be found 
most of the reasons for the re-building. 

Why, then, was there, and is there, a Chicago ? It is 
not a sufficient explanation to say, that the early settlers 
were men of foresight and energy. That they were 
such may be cheerfully admitted; but any power of 
foreseeing, however large, would have been of but 
little value had there not been a something to be seen; 
and energy, however great and tireless, could have 
accomplished no such wonderful results had there not 
been the pre-existent conditions for its successful exer- 
tion. The world abounds with men of prevision, 
of will-power and strength; but cities can be founded 
and built up only where nature, by supplying the neces- 
sary conditions, has made their existence possible. 

Any one studying the general geography, the physical 
structure and outlines of our continent, may see that in 
the nature of things its great cities and its special and 
mixed characters of population and industries have 
been the result of natural surroundings, rather than of 
the will or choosing of the people. A continent lying 
between two oceans and with a vast sea-coast would 
naturally have sea-coast cities, and the forms of indus- 
tries and commerce and the kind of a population neces- 
sary to all these manifold forms of business and labor. 
One, studying the great mountain ranges of our coun- 
try, with their wealth of coal and iron and precious 
metals, must see that these conditions will call for the 
corresponding forms of business and social develop- 
ment. And so, the long rivers and the great valleys of 
our country invite every form of agriculture; and the 
vast forests attract the lumber interests; and the upland 
prairies, less suited to farming, become the great cattle- 
ranges and the home of the herdsmen. 

And with these suggestions before us we may begin 
to see the great cities and the vast industries and the 
increasing population of our country, all taking shape, 
not by accident, nor as arbitrarily determined by men, 
but in accordance with the plans and the ordination of 
nature. It was not the fact of the Dutch landing 
at New York, that made that great city, but the greater 
fact of the East and the Hudson River and the Long 
Island Sound forming a natural harbor, and thus inviting 
the ships and the commerce of two continents. Nor 
did William Penn, nor Lord Baltimore, nor the French, 



cause Philadelphia and Baltimore and New Orleans to 
take their places; nor did the Puritans build Boston'. 
Nature located all these splendid cities long before the 
feet of the white man had touched our shores. It is 
true that our civilization and the character of the people 
have been the great factors in the growth and develop- 
ment of these cities, but a power higher than man, and a 
wisdom beyond that of the civil engineer, determined 
their location; and the same is true of San Francisco, 
the leading city of California. That State, for nearly a 
thousand miles, lies along the Pacific coast, and its 
mountain ranges are so disposed as to form, of its one 
hundred and sixty thousand square miles, a basin 
whose largest diameter is from north to south, and this, 
by its natural drainage system, forms the two great 
rivers, the Sacramento and the San Joaquin, which 
receive the waters from the mountain streams and carry 
them to an inland sea, the Bay of San Francisco, and 
thence, by the Golden Gate, to the Pacific. And thus, 
long before the soldiers of Cortez landed in Mexico, 
nature had determined the location of San Francisco. 

From these general observations it should now 
appear evident that certain things must occur along the 
great line between the East and the West. As civiliza- 
tion pressed back the savage life there would come to 
be a great highway between the two oceans. This 
might be determined by water-courses or the best 
routes for constructing railways, or other conditions. 
And here come in also the influences of climate and 
production upon the number and character of a popu- 
lation. But without entering at length upon this large 
question, it may be sufficient for our present purpose to 
state the general fact, that the great historic move- 
ments of our world have been along the belt lying 
between the 3oth and the soth degrees of latitude 
north; and that the greater activities have been upon 
the northern half of the latitudes named. This may be 
accounted for on the ground of the more even balance 
between the winters and the summers, the less enervat- 
ing effects of a colder climate, and the wider range of 
industries and the greater needs of life. All these 
combine to produce and develop a healthy industrious 
and progressive people. 

A line drawn directly east from New York leads to 
Gibraltar; but owing to the effect of the warmer ocean 
currents, the temperature that would equal that of New 
York is found ten or more degrees further north; and 
with it the greater industry and progress of the coun- 
tries of Europe, and there is still another fact to be 
considered in reference to the natural water communi- 
cation of our country. The Mississippi, with its tribu- 
taries, the Missouri and the Ohio rivers, is the one 
great outlet to the South of that wonderful valley lying 
between the Allegheny and the Rocky mountains. The 
Northern water-way to the Atlantic is by the great 
chain of lakes and the St. Lawrence River. The head 
of Lake Michigan is the head of this vast water com- 
munication, and is on an almost direct line between 
New York and San Francisco; also, in the line and 



HISTORY OF CHICAf.n. 



region of the largest and most general productiveness 
of our country and of the greatest activity of our 
people. 

And now, when these facts are considered, it will be 
seen that Chicago is in the direct line of communication 
between London and New York, and between New York 
and our other great Eastern cities and San Francisco. 
And hence Chicago is directly on the line of the great Na- 
tional highway between the two oceans that bound our 
country on the East and the West. And hence nature 
located Chicago; and in the plan of a continental 
development nature settled the question long before 
the ships of Columbus set sail, that here there should 
be a great city. 

Having said these things, we have given a stiggesi ive 
answer as to why the first Chicago came to be. It came 
as a natural and a necessary part of the development of 
the country. There may be, and there are, other lines 
of communication between the two oceans; but in the 
nature of things, that by Chicago is, and must be, the 
greatest. And what nature decreed, man has come 
along to fulfill. The beginnings of Chicago were neces- 
sarily small; and no one, fifty years ago, even dreamed 
of what was soon to be. Nor did any one at that time 
imagine what was to be the wonderful growth of the 
great Northwest. The city naturally kept pace in its 
growth with the growth of the country. In 1837, 
there was a population of only four thousand one hun- 
dred and seventy; and in 1850, only twenty-nine thou- 
sand nine hundred and sixty-three; and ten years later 
it numbered but one hundred and nine thousand two 
hundred and six. 

In 1870, or a year before the city was burned, the pop- 
ulation had increased to three hundred and six thousand 
six hundred and five. And when we consider the rela- 
tive growth of the country in these years, and what the 
growth of the city meant in the way of business and in 
the increase of railroad and lake commerce, and the 
large amount of money and labor and the number of 
public buildings required to handle all this commerce, 
and transact this vast business, we must perceive that 
the burning of the city, whilst it must affect outlying 
interests, could not destroy the conditions that called it 
into existence, and upon which it depended. The 
location was left, and the ruins of what had been were 
on the line of the Nation's great highway; and not only 
this, the lake was here, and the twenty miles of dockage 
along the river were not destroyed. The three hundred 
thousand people were here; and the eighteen great 
trunk lines of railroads, with their nearly ten thousand 
miles of direct connection, were not destroyed. The 
country was all around us; its sympathies were aroused 
and help came; and the energy that had helped build 
the city, though almost paralyzed for a time, quickly 
recovered and stood undismayed in presence of a loss 
so great, and faced resolutely the larger task of the 
years of hard struggle that would be required to make 
good what, on that one terrible night, had been swept 
away. 

We can form some conception of the extent of the 
buildings and the property destroyed by the number of 
acres burned over, which were on the West Side, 
one hundred and ninety-four acres; South Side, four 
hundred and sixty acres; North Side, one thousand 
four hundred and seventy acres; making a total area of 
two thousand one hundred and twenty-four acres, 
or nearly three and a half square miles, being about 
four miles in length and from one to one and a half 
miles in width. The number of buildings destroyed 
was seventeen thousand four hundred and fifty; and 



nearly one hundred thousand persons were left home- 
less. The custom-house, the court-house, the post- 
office, the chamber of commerce, the hotels, the depots, 
many churches and the great business blocks, the 
banks, the theaters, and the newspaper offices, all went 
down together in the awful conflagration. Some further 
idea may be formed from the statement that seventy- 
three miles of street frontage were burned, and the 
total loss of property could not have been less than 
200,000,000. 

The first thought of all was, the relief of the suffer- 
ing; and through the generous donations of the people 
of almost every land amounting in all to nearly 
$5,000,000, and by a system of distribution soon set in 
motion, this immediate necessity was met. And then 
came the first thoughts of re-building. It was a dreary 
waste of tottering walls and smouldering ruins to look 
upon, and enough to almost discourage the stoutest 
heart. Hut courage revived, and soon before the 
embers were cold hundreds of men began to venture 
around where had stood their stores and offices, and to 
search for safes, books and papers. 

Then they began to prepare temporary quarters; but 
all this time the thought of a permanent and speedy 
re-building, as an imperative necessity, was present 
to every mind. All felt, all knew, and all said, the city 
must be re-built. The vast railroad, and lake and com- 
mercial interests of such a great business center de- 
manded it; the generous confidence of the capitalists of 
the Eastern cities gave assurance of help in so costly an 
undertaking. Delay was impossible. Every great busi- 
ness interest must in some way be set in motion. 

How vast these interests were may be approximately 
estimated by a special reference to some of the more 
important. The estimate of these, for the year 1873, 
aggregated a total of $180,000,000; and when it is 
remembered that the grainj meat and lumber markets of 
Chicago are, and even then were, the largest in the 
world, it will be seen that the speedy re- building of 
Chicago was a commercial necessity. This vast busi- 
ness, in which the railroads and the lake commerce and 
the whole country were interested, could not be aban- 
doned ; nor could it in any large sense be diverted. It 
had to be continued, and it had to be carried on, in, and 
through, Chicago; and had the entire city been de- 
stroyed and all the inhabitants burned up, a new 
city must have soon arisen, and other people have come 
to fill its streets and carry on its work. 

When it is said that the largest grain, meat and lumber 
markets in the world were a part of the vast business 
of Chicago at the time of the fire, it must not be 
supposed that these forms of business meant no more 
than the handling of such products on their way for 
distribution and consumption in other and smaller cities 
and towns. It is true that for a large amount of grain 
and lumber and great numbers of cattle, Chicago is 
a wholesale market; but this, of itself, represents but a 
small part of the business and labor that these lines of 
commerce bring to the city. Chicago was and is a vast 
manufacturing center. 

That this is, and must be so, will appear evident 
from the consideration of a few facts. In the State of 
Illinois there are over thirty thousand square miles 
of coal, and the richest mines thereof are not distant 
from the city, and many of them are on the direct lines 
of the great railways, and the others are easily reached 
by branch lines. The lakes afford ready and cheap 
communication with the vast lumber regions of Wis- 
consin and Michigan, and also the iron and copper and 
red-stone districts of Lake Superior. And hence in 



il-' 



. ?--.^.? T 







Permission of Inland Architect and Builder. 



TEMPLE OK Z1ON CONGREGATION. 



54 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



the nature of things, Chicago had become a center 
of large and varied manufacturing interests. The lum- 
ber brought here was dried and dressed for flooring 
and sidings and made ready for use in building before 
it was shipped to other points. There were also many 
large establishments for making doors and sash and 
blinds; and others still were heavily engaged in the 
manufacture of every line and quality of furniture, and 
organs and pianos. The great slaughter-houses were 
extensively engaged in packing and curing meats; and 
not only were the hides tanned here, but even at 
that time Chicago was largely engaged in the manu- 
facture of boots and shoes; and as one result of the 
energy of the people in the speedy and grand re-build- 
ing of the city, this form of industry has so increased 
that Chicago is to-day the largest boot and shoe manu- 
facturing center on the continent. And naturally, too, 
the cheap water connections made this a center of iron 
manufactories for engines and steel rails and car- 
wheels and reapers and mowers, and every kind of 
machinery needed for the farms, the shops, the rail- 
roads, and the steamers upon the lakes. 

All these many manufacturing industries were present 
and pressing reasons for the re-building of the city; 
and not alone for foundries and shops, but for houses to 
shelter the many thousands of laborers required to do 
the work. We sometimes wonder, in looking at the 
crowds of people who fill the streets and the cars in the 
morning and evening hours, where they come from, 
where they go, where and how they live, and what they 
all can find to do. The explanation is found by the 
barest allusion to the vast and many forms of business 
and labor that enter into the life of a great city. Such 
was Chicago when the fire occurred; and all these were 
imperative reasons for its immediate re-building. 

But it was not the fact of necessity alone that 
aroused the energetic people of Chicago for their 
great task. They were inspired by a large hope for the 
future greatness of their city. In the midst of their 
present desolation and distress, they saw that in the 
longer view of things these calamities, however dis- 
couraging, were but passing incidents in its larger life; 
that the "great fire" would soon be a thing of the 
past, whilst the re-built city must be the glory of the 
future. And as hope and courage revived, the new Chi- 
cago rose in beauty to the imagination while yet only 
the black and smoking ruins marked the site of the old. 
Led on by such visions, speculations and reasonings as 
to the possible future of such a city were heard on 
every hand. 

It may be confessed that such hopeful boastings 
as to the possible future of Chicago were not wholly 
unknown or strange before the fire; and hence such 
talk was not entirely new. But it seemed to have a 
new meaning and to serve a most valuable purpose. It 
was this hopefulness, this expectation and pride over a 
city yet to be, that saved the people from the great 
mistake of re-building upon a small and cheap plan. At 
first, indeed, the re-building of some of what are now 
our noblest structures, was projected upon a plan that 
would have been wholly unworthy of the names they 
bear and the proud and prominent places they occupy. 
In the haste and discouragement, the first plan of 
the Tribune building, now one of the finest in the city, 
was poor and cheap; and the same is true of many 
others as at first planned. But the business men were 
much together in those days of a common loss; they 
talked together; they reasoned as to what was best 
to do; and the result was that one encouraged the 
other; and one, hearing of the enlarged plans of his 



neighbor, was led to improve his own. And in this way 
the feeling was soon common that the new city must be 
upon a plan far more substantial and elegant than had 
been the old. The result was, that only one building 
of any size, that on the corner of Clark and Wash- 
ington streets, was put up cheaply; and that has been 
torn down to give place to the fine Chicago Opera- 
house block. Had not this better judgment prevailed, 
our city would have been filled with cheap and insecure 
buildings, and the work of tearing down and re-build- 
ing would not yet have been half done. But instead of 
this, the great business streets present an appearance 
that is uniform, beautiful, imposing, and even grand. 

Among the many questions discussed for, in those 
exciting days, everybody was talking. one of the 
most common was, the time that would be required to 
re-build the city. Some said that fifteen years would not 
see Chicago what it was before the fire; others, more 
hopeful, said ten years, and the most sanguine did not 
dare place the time at less than five years. 

Well, the work was begun. Out of the $5,000,000 
contributed for relief, soon temporary homes were pro- 
vided for forty thousand people, and workmen were 
supplied with tools. Learning from experience, the fire 
limits, forbidding the erection of wooden buildings, were 
extended, not only over the area where the fire had 
raged, but in some directions far beyond. And then 
began the work of clearing away the ruins, drawing 
plans and laying foundations for hotels, theaters, busi- 
ness blocks and dwellings of brick, iron and stone. 
Architects were busy perfecting drawings, contractors 
were busy collecting material, and mechanics of all 
kinds found ready employment at good wages. Thou- 
sands of workmen came from other cities and from the 
country, and, though it was now winter, the streets were 
filled with busy men and with teams, and the whole 
scene became one of inspiring activity. 

But it is not possible for those who saw the city 
burned; and saw it re-built, to describe the scene so as 
to make it appear real to others. Indeed, they can not 
make it real to themselves, for both the burning and the 
re-building were so far out of and beyond all the ordi- 
nary experiences of life, that the effect was in a sense 
overpowering, and the feelings were more like a dream, 
or when looking at a panorama, than those of actual 
life. Of course, all knew and felt that the events were 
terribly real; but they transcended comprehension 
were too large to grasp; and then, the mind becoming 
accustomed to that from which it could not turn away, 
adapted itself to its new and strange surroundings. 

It is no unusual thing to see a dwelling or a 
block burned ; but how must one feel to look upon 
a vast, raging and uncontrollable storm and sea of fire, 
sweeping on from ten o'clock at night till morning, and 
then sweeping on till noon and till night, consuming 
over seventeen thousand houses, rendering a hundred 
thousand people homeless, and then stopping, only 
because there was nothing more in its path to be 
destroyed ? It is common to see ten or a dozen or fifty 
houses rising at once; but when one looks upon, not a 
dozen or fifty, but upon ten thousand houses rising and 
ten times that number of busy workmen coming and 
going, and listens to the noise of countless saws and 
hammers and chisels and axes and planes, he is 
bewildered. 

And thus it was in the burning and the re-building 
of Chicago. Those who witnessed the scenes marvel 
that they were or could have been. And in this state of 
wonder and excitement, thousands who had hardly 
known hardship before found themselves pushed out 



RE -BUILDING OF CHICAGO. 



55 



into the struggle, and came to know how much they 
could bear and do, and many who were invalids, and 
some who had abandoned hope of recovery, found they 
had a reserve power of vitality, and, this being aroused, 
went to work for themselves or others. And whilst 
many may have suffered in health from exposure and 
hardships, not a few gladly confess that to the thrilling 
experiences and the continual excitement of those 
years, they are indebted for the lengthened existence 
they still enjoy. 

That which some had said would require twenty or 
ten years to accomplish, was achieved in three years. A 
city that had been over thirty years in building, had 
been destroyed in a day and a night. In three years 



ble explanation of its re building. This is now an 
accomplished fact; and it is not only something of 
which Chicago may be justly proud, it is a pride and an 
honor to the country in which such a marvelous achieve- 
ment is possible. 

And now, having back of us, and beneath us, the 
explanation of both the building and the re-building of 
such a city, we are at the best point of observation to 
forecast the further out-workings of these conditions 
and causes in the possibilities and probabilities of its 
growth and greatness in the future. And it is from 
such standpoints of observation only, that speculations 
as to what may be can have the credit and weight of 
being rational. But once in the line of natural causes, 




VAN BUREN STREET, FROM MICHIGAN AVENUE. 



more it had arisen from the ashes; only here and there 
was left a vacant lot or stood a broken wall, and 
over the wide and long way where had swept the 
stream of fire, now were miles of streets and blocks, 
which, for beauty, for commodiousness, for adaptation 
to business purposes, are not surpassed by any city in 
America, if in the world. 

Less than fifteen years have passed since the great 
fire, and yet it has become a thing of the past; is not 
often referred to, or even thought of by those who 
saw it. The re-building, and the new and enlarged life 
of the city, are more than enough to fill their minds. 
The great lines of business that were hindered for 
a short time have now better accommodations by far 
than ever before. The facts of the quick re-building of 
the city, and of the regaining of lost fortunes are evi- 
dences, not only of the unconquerable energy and per- 
sistency of the people of Chicago, but evidences also of 
the boundless resources and wealth of the growing 
country on whose great National highway the city 
stands. 

If the data and reasonings from which we sought to 
find the explanation of the building of Chicago are 
correct, then, in finding these, we found the best possi- 



the rational probabilities based upon such abiding con- 
ditions may become a reliable basis for both belief and 
action. 

Since the fire, the population of Chicago has more 
than doubled; from three hundred thousand the city has 
grown to not less than seven hundred thousand, and the 
amount of building and the increase of business have 
naturally been in the same general ratio. 

And now, look at some other facts bearing upon the 
same line, but to which reference has not yet been 
made. In approximating facts, we may say that one 
hundred years ago our country had a population of 
three millions, or about three persons to each square 
mile. Now we have a population of fifty millions, but 
still less than twenty to the square mile. And when we 
compare these facts with the crowded conditions of the 
old world, we are in a position to account for, and 
to explain, the vast increase of population in our own 
land through immigration. England and Wales have 
three hundred and eighty-nine to the square mile; 
France one hundred and fifty; Germany one hundred 
and ninety-three; Scotland one hundred and nine; 
Ireland one hundred and sixty-nine; and little Belgium 
has four hundred and fifty to the square mile. The 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



law of equalization must tend to reduce the population 
of these over-crowded countries, by bringing their peo- 
ple by thousands and millions to our own shores. In 
the last thirty years the emigration to this land lias 
averaged over two million five hundred thousand every 
nine years. If the increase of population in our coun- 
try continues in the ratio of the past and there is no 
reason to think that it will not, in fifteen years, or in 
the year 1900, it will have reached not less than eighty 
million souls. 

And all this argues the continued and rapid growth 
of Chicago. Situated as this city is, it is not a question 
of what we might desire one way or the other; it is a 
question of what in the nature of things has to be. 
The city must, as a necessity, keep up with the growth 
of the country both in numbers and in business. And, 
for the reasons before mentioned, that we are on the 
great National highway; at the head of the vast system 
of water-ways through the lakes; and on the natural 
and increasing lines of the great railroads, and in 
the center of what is undoubtedly the most productive 
country on earth. 

Naturally, there is a line of cities along the Atlantic 
coast, and naturally a line of cities west of the Alleghe- 
nies, as Buffalo, Cleveland and Pittsburgh; and naturally 
two such cities as Cincinnati and St. Louis on the Ohio 
and Mississippi rivers. But Chicago, lying west and 
north of these, and at the head of the lakes and on the 
direct line of the Nation's travel and commerce, has a 
position of her own, and from no fault of these other 
cities, but from the advantage and the necessities 
of such a position, leaves them all far behind in her 
rapid growth. And in the natural order of the develop- 
ment and business of the country several other cities 
have sprung up in a line or circle of four or five 
hundred miles from Chicago, still further west; as 
Kansas City, Omaha, St. Paul and Minneapolis. The 
positions of these are such as to justify, and even 
demand, a much larger growth than of those along 
the Mississippi. New York lies at the Eastern, and 
San Francisco at the Western, terminus of our great 
trans-continental travel and commerce, and Chicago, 
lying between, is helped by both, and is naturally 
the great mid-way center of manufacturing, merchan- 
dising, and general production and distribution. And it 
is not difficult to foresee that this great valley lying 
between the Allegheny and the Rocky Mountains is 
destined to become the dominant, the controlling, 
power in the nation that promises to be the greatest the 
world has ever seen. The principal countries of Europe 
could all be put down in this great valley, and it could 
feed and clothe all their many millions of people. 
America is destined to outnumber and lead all the 
nations of the earth; this great valley is and must 
be the central and ruling power of the nation, and Chi- 
cago will, and must, by natural causes, be the chief 
city of this valley, and hence the largest in population, 
and the most important and commanding in point 
of influence and power upon the national welfare. 

It is not the purpose of this article to moralize; but 
one can hardly help asking what the future of Chicago 
and the millions of this vast surrounding country will 
be, in point of intelligence and the moral qualities that 
alone can make a Republican government secure. It 
can not be denied that the lower elements of the old 
world are crowding to our shores. The country is yet 
new, and room abundant; but can we stand the pressure 
when it becomes thickly populated ? It is estimated 
that by 1890 our population will contain forty -three 
million foreigners; and that twenty-five millions of 



these will be in the Great West. The significance 
of such facts and suggestions is felt in Chicago to-day. 
The hopeful feature is in the encouraging fact that 
so many of our foreign population are industrious and 
are acquiring property, and thereby possess a personal 
interest in the public welfare. Our next great hope is 
in the power of our public schools to enlighten and to 
Americanize. 

In this survey of the re-building of Chicago, we 
have considered the external conditions that made such 
a fact possible, and have followed out these natural 
causes in the line of their suggestiveness as to the 
rationally probable future of Chicago and of the coun- 
try. But it is pleasant to note the less observed, but 
more significant, fact, that man, as a builder, works not 
alone from external conditions and bodily needs, but 
whilst building of wood and stone, he is revealing the 
power and glory of his mind. He objectises mental 
and spiritual ideals and affections. The vast structures 
that rose up under his human touch were not alone for 
purposes of business, but came to embody and shelter 
the love of home and family, and learning, and religion. 
By the side of the great business blocks have arisen the 
school-house and the church; and in the re-built homes 
are found again the old altais of love and the memories 
and hopes that the fire could not burn. 

And thus we come at last to the fact that the build- 
ing and the re-building of Chicago were not the results 
alone of its location and the surrounding conditions 
that made possible the existence of a great city. These 
were essential as conditions; but as such they had been 
present through all the unrecorded centuries, during 
which many forms of the varying uncivilized life of 
different tribes of Indians had come and gone. But in 
all those long ages there was no mind sufficiently 
enlightened to perceive these advantages; there was not 
a civilization that could utilize them. All this vast 
preparation of nature was to the savage mind but a 
camping-ground; and the wide prairies and great lakes 
and forests offered no wealth beyond their abundant 
supply of game and wild grasses and fruits. 

To utilize these conditions of a higher produc- 
tiveness and other and larger forms of wealth, there was 
needed the inventive and creative brain and hand of 
intelligence. For this nature waited; and with the 
white man it came. In his mind and heart were the 
thoughts and ideals and inspirations of all that was to 
be; and finding here the necessary conditions for their 
realization, the ideals were soon translated into the 
grand and imposing forms of the actual. But in all 
this, the possibilities of such realization and the inspi- 
rations of which they were actualized, were hid away in 
the mind and heart. And thus the glory of man as a 
builder in our world is not alone in the cities and tem- 
ples that he causes to rise, but in the great thoughts 
and noble sentiments of which these are the material 
expressions. Thus, the sentiments of patriotism build 
the capital and the protecting fortresses of a country, 
and over these lift up a flag. The love of fireside and 
learning and religion builds the home and the school 
and the church; and in all these, man reveals, not alone 
his thought of the useful, but his ideal of the beautiful 
and the good. 

And thus, the re-built Chicago will stand as a monu- 
ment, not alone of the courage, the energy, the strength, 
the acquisitiveness and world-wisdom of the men and 
women who in three years accomplished that almost 
incredible task, but a monument also of their intelli- 
gence and morality and all the noble sentiments by 
which they were inspired in so great a work. 

H. W. THOMAS. 



RE -BUILDING OF CHICAGO. 



57- 



WORK COMMENCED. 

The conflagration of 1871 marked the third epoch 
in the history of Chicago. While to many who read of 
it, as well as to thousands of eye-witnesses, the disaster 
seemed an omen of the city's ruin, it yet contained the 
elements of a growth hitherto scarcely dreamed of, 
through which both society and business should be re- 
organized on a broader and more enduring basis. As 
the new structures which were to arise should be more 
adequate to the transactions of a vast and growing com- 
merce, so the life of the city, rudely shaken from the 
moorings of the past, was to become more cosmopolitan. 
The new associations enforced by the exigencies of the 
winter succeeding the fire, the mingling of all creeds 
and nations in the humane work which the disaster en- 
tailed, were to break up cliques and coteries ; to give a 
freer scope to her life, a wider range to her sympathies; 
to found that new Chicago, whose strong pulsations 
and conscious vitality should be but faintly exemplified 
in the trade palaces which became their outward mani- 
festation. 

But of the future there was little portent, as, stand- 
ing amid the ruins of a square mile of business edifices 
and extensive factories, which but yesterday had been 
alive with the bustle of trade, the eye swept over a 
dreary waste of three more square miles, strewn with 
ashes, cinders and dismantled walls, among which were 
scattered the charred remains of human victims. The 
appalling fury of the flames, which destroyed alike busy 
mart, palatial residence, and hovel, had swept away the 
accumulations of years; and with an absolute lack of 
money, a belief that the contents of safes and vaults would 
prove worthless, and little probabilty of realizing any 
substantial return from insurance policies, there seemed 
slight prospect o! repairing shattered fortunes, re-plac- 
ing desolated homes, or restoring the city to her former 
pre-eminence. 

With a hundred thousand people shelterless, a lack 
of water, and a scarcity of food, and a partial panic, 
induced by the rumor that thieves from other cities had 
flocked by scores to Chicago, the existence of a feeling 
of gloom and despondency would not have been surpris- 
ing. Nor were there wanting fanatics who saw in the 
flames only the wrathful judgments of an offended Deity. 
To such, a fitting answer was returned by Rev. Robert 
Collyer, as, standing among the ruins of Unity Church, 
he addressed his congregation from one of the dis- 
mantled capitals of its pillars, on the Sunday morning 
succeeding the fire: 

" I have heard not a little speculation about the moral signifi- 
cance of our great calamity, and men who meant better have unwit- 
tingly accused ( lod <>f a great wickedness, when they have intimated 
that it was a judgment of Heaven because of the ungodliness of our 
city. First of all, judgments of Heaven are not retrospective, but al- 
ways prospective ; that is, they are never of the backward glance, 
but always of the forward. * * God's way is otherwise! 

He disciplines without destroying, and builds up without pulling 
down. N'o such punishment could possibly do any good if it were 
only received as a willful infliction of the rod of Heaven. Second. 
Then there was no reason why Chicago should have been made an 
example for the rest of the world Of course, we were a people of 
great worldliness and selfishness, of great boasting and parade ; 
but certainly no city in the Christian world has ever done more, ac- 
cording to its means, for schools, churches, and charities. * * 
Third. We have been strikingly short-sighted in the boundaries of 
our fire limits, in permitting so many, or any, wooden buildings 
within the limits of the city, and to-day the lire' limits should be the 
city limits. We have given full sway to drinking, gambling, and 
licentious houses, and have, by our moral laxity, invited to the 
city, and harbored in it, a criminal population almost equal to that 
of London, which is the worst on the face of the earth. We have 
done less to reform this very population, when in our power, than 
almost any other city. ' * We have drifted, too, into 



the hands of a set of tricky politicians, * * * * and the only 
recognized aristocracy of the city is a set of ignorant and recently 
enriched social swells and snobs." 

In the same sermon, Mr. Collyer said : ' 

" What is lost ? First. Our homes. Thousands of families 
are homeless and penniless. Second. Our business. This is tem- 
porary. Third. Our money. This is a great misfortune, but one 
which we can repair. We have not lost First. Our geography. 
Nature called the lakes, the forest, the prairies together in conven- 
tion long before we were born, and they decided that on this spot 
a great city should be built the railroads and energetic men have 
aided to fulfill the prophecy. Second. We have not lost our men 
noble, generous, and of genius. Third. We have not lost our 
hope. The city is to be at once re-built, and ' the glory of the lat- 
ter house shall be greater than that of the former. ' " 

These words, and others of like import from the 
clergy and the press, formulated sentiments which were 
more or less distinctly impressed on the heart of every- 
one who was vitally interested in the city's welfare, 
while they served to arouse flagging courage ; and be- 
fore the ashes of the smouldering ruins were fairly cool, 
Chicago's inherent vitality and buoyancy of spirit had 
re-asserted themselves. 

Of the aid extended to Chicago in her distress, little 
can be added to what has many times been written. 
The story of the charity that forgot all rivalry save 
emulation in deeds of kindness ; that knew no geo- 
graphical lines ; that recognized no differences of race 
or creed, belongs not alone to those benefited, but to 
the world. It has been well said, that there was no one 
of the United States in which some cinder from the 
Chicago fire had not kindled a flame of sympathy ; and 
although it may be possible to compute the commercial 
value of the donations to the suffering city, the worth 
of the unstinted charity which the calamity evoked can 
not be estimated. 

A history of the early measures taken for the relief 
of the sufferers was given, in considerable detail, in the 
second volume of this work ; but some noteworthy cor- 
porate and individual subscriptions may be specified, in 
addition to the account there given : 

A. T. Stewart, of New York, $50,000; City of Brooklyn, 
$100,000 ; New York Stock Exchange, $50,000 ; District of Colum- 
bia, $100,000 ; Rochester, N.Y., $70,000 ; Buffalo, N.Y., $100,000 ; 
City of Baltimore, $100,000 ; Robert Bonner, New York, $10,000 ; 
Peoria, $75,000 ; Worcester, $50,000 ; Indianapolis, $75,000 ; Cin- 



$13,000; A. Belmont, Brown Brothers, Jesup & Co., and Duncan, 
Sherman & Co., $5,000 each ; Fisk & Hall, $10,000; W. W. Cor- 
coran, Washington, $3,000 ; President Grant, $1,000 ; Philadelphia 
Commercial Exchange, $10,000; Troy (N. Y.) Board of Trade, 
$10,000; London, Canada, $5,000; Hamilton, Canada, $5,000; Mont- 
real, $20,000; Toronto, $10,000; Springfield, Mass., $15,000; 




$10,000; New York dry goods houses, $20,000 ; Lawrence, Kas., 
$13,000; Kansas City, $26,000; J. S. Morgan & Co., of London' 
$5,000; Dayton, O., $20,000; Berkeley Street, Boston, $10,000 ; 
Boston Hide & Leather Exchange, $10,000; Tennessee Legisla- 
ture, $5,000; Evansville, Ind., $16,000. 

The foregoing are but specimens of the fruits of 
that practical sympathy which found its expression in 
generous works of mercy. From every quarter of 
America and of the world came the needed aid, the 
receipts for the first three months being $4,200,000. 

Among the munificent offerings from foreign coun- 
tries, the Common Council of London unanimously 
voted 1,000 guineas, accompanying the gift with resolu- 
tions of sympathy. Contributions from private citizens, 
aggregating ,7,000, were also received. Baring, .Mor- 
gan, Rothschild, Brown, Shipley & Co., of London, the 
Great Western Railroad, of Canada, and the Grand 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



Trunk Railroad, subscribed ^1,000 each. The Liver- 
pool Chamber of Commerce voted ,5,000, and the 
American Chamber contributed 13,000. Mass meet- 
ings, to secure further aid. were held all over England. 
A meeting to organize relief was promptly and unani- 
mously called by the Edinburgh Chamber of Com- 
merce. At Herlin, a subscription list for the relief fund 
was opened, being headed by the Chief of Police ; and 
the leading banks and merchants of Krankfort-on-the- 
Main took an active interest in securing subscriptions. 

As already intimated, very few hoped to realize any 
substantial return from policies of insurance. Business 
foresight early perceived that many companies must 
succumb to the unparalleled drain upon their resources ; 
and even the most sanguine anticipated the payment of 
but a small proportion of the amount guaranteed by the 
policies. The bankruptcy of the Chicago companies 
was conceded by common consent, and comparatively 
few were found who hoped that the other companies 
would not repudiate their indebtedness. Before three 
days had expired, however, re-assuring messages were 
received from foreign companies, stating that losses 
would be paid in full. Time demonstrated the falsity 
of many of these promises, but their effect was to keep 
up the courage of many, who would otherwise have 
been utterly disheartened. 

The following extracts from the inaugural message of 
Hon. Joseph Medill, the first mayor of the city subse- 
quent to the conflagration, show the result of the great 
fire upon the interests of the municipality: 

" Of the total property in Chicago created by labor and capi- 
tal, existing on the 8th of October, more than half perished on the 
9th. The- money \alue of the property thus suddenly annihilated, 
it is impossible accurately to ascertain, but it can hardly fall short 
of $150,000,000, a comparatively small part of which will be re-im- 
bursed by the insurance companies. Such a tremendous loss can 
not befall the people at large without seriously affecting their muni- 
cipal affairs. The city as a corporation has lost its property and in- 
come, precisely as have individuals in the aggregate. The munici- 
pal government has no income except what it derives from the 
citizens of Chicago in the form of taxes, licenses and rents, or ob- 
tains on their credit. To the extent that their property and busi- 
ness are diminished by the terrible misfortune that has smitten them, 

the revenue of tlie city diminished; as our citizens are retrench- 
ing expenses to meet the exigencies and keep within their means, so 
must the municipal government do likewise. 

" Heavy as the blow has been that has struck us, I am not dis- 
couraged. Our municipal losses, like those of the citizens, will 
goon in- ivpairi'd, and by judicious management of our city affairs, 
the people will soon recover from their losses, and thus be able in a 
short time to bear the burden of taxation, without oppression. I 
shall proceed to state, in brief form, the present fiscal condition of 
the city, as I gather it from official son- 

" liondcd debt, December, 1871 $14,103,000 

Less bonds held in the sinking fund 557,000 

Outstanding bonds $13,546,000 

" This debt is composed of the following items: 

Funded debt old issues $ 342,000 

>d debt new issues. 2,192,500 

Sri 1 bonds 1,119,500 

School construction bonds. 53,ooo 

Sewerage bonds 2,680,000 

River improvement bonds 2,896,000 

Water bonds 4,820,000 

" In addition to the bonded debt, it is officially reported to me 
that there is a floating debt consisting of 

tificates of indebtedness $ 138,707 

ttled claims for deepening the canal.. 253,000 

Current expenses for November, about 250,000 

Tunnel balance and other items 45,000 



Water fund, from sale of bonds $ 897,262 

School building, from sale of bonds... 'l,*li! 

Special assessment collected. -- 

Bridewell fund 

Reform school fund -- 



45.45" ' 
30,000 



Total, about.. $ 686,707 

" The comptroller estimates the general expenses for the re- 
mainder of the fiscal year at $1,141,000. 

" There stands to the credit of various special funds the fol- 
lowing unexpended balances: 



Total.... $1,556,338 

" From these funds the city government has 
temporarily drawn for" payment of cur- 
rent expenses, to be replaced when 
needed . i,M4,iS6 

Balance on hand, December 1871.- S 412,152" 

After estimating the loss of the municipality through 
the destruction of its buildings, machinery, furniture, 
etc., at $2,509,180, a figure subsequently found to be 
below the actual amount the Mayor resumes: 

" But the destruction of this property is not the only loss suf- 
fered by the corporation. The burning of records, vouchers, books, 
papers, tax warrants, assessment rolls, etc. , will necessarily occasion 
much loss, confusion, and embarrassment to the city government. 
But it is believed that a large part of the apparent loss of official 
knowledge and data can be supplied from other sources. Still, the 
pecuniary loss to the city will be considerable in the destruction of 
the evidence of delinquent taxes and special assessments. 

" What lesson should this cruel visitation teach us? Shall we 
regard it as one of fortuitous occurrence, which only happens at 
long intervals and is beyond human foresight or control ? Such a 
conclusion constitutes our great future danger. A blind, unreason- 
ing infatuation in favor of pine for outside walls, and pine covered 
with paper and tar for roofs, has possessed many of our people. 
* * * * If we re-build the city with this dangerous material, 
we have a moral certainty, at no distant day, of a recurrence of the 
late catastrophe. * * * * Can there be any doubt as to our 
duty in view of these considerations and conditions? ft semis to 
me it is obvious and imperative. The outside walls of every build- 
ing hereafter erected within the limits of Chicago should be com- 
posed of materials as incombustible as brick, stone, iron, concrete 
or slate. * * * * 

"The fire limits, in my opinion, should be made co-extensive 
with the boundaries of the city, and when the latter are extended, 
so should be the former. There is no line that can be drawn with 
safety within these limits. * * * * I recommend that your 
honorable body proceed to frame and perfect a fire ordinance that 
will give security and permanence to the future city. 

" The city's future safety demands a better and more reliable 
supply of water for the extinguishment of fires than is afforded by 
the existing system. This fact was painfully demonstrated in the 
late calamity. When the pumping works succumbed, not a gallon 
of water could be procured by the Fire I >epartment or the citizens, 
with which to fight the lire, and hundreds, perhaps thousands, of 
houses perished in consequence thereof. The city should not be 
left wholly dependent on these machines, because they are subject 
to many contingencies in addition to that which disabled them." 

Some of the suggestions contained in the message 
of Mayor Medill were in harmony with those made by 
Colonel D. C. Houston, of the U. S. Engineer Corps, 
under date of October 13, 1871 : 

"The points which seem to me to be considered at this time 
and be fully provided for, are 

" I. The laying out of certain lines for steam communication 
from the center of business to the suburbs, to be so arranged as not 
to obstruct the street travel or be obstructed by it. This most 
essential element of a modern metropolis can never be secured or 
arranged for so well as at present. 

"2. The arrangement of commodious and central depots for 
the great lines of railroads centering in the city. 

"3. A commodious levee along the river for public docks, a 
grand market and a grand plaza, where all can go without paying 
tribute. Instead of having buildings built close down to the river 
bank, let there be an open space on each side of the river devoted to 
the above purposes. 

"4. The great leading lines of business should be consolidated 
or concentrated on certain streets running north and south. There 
should be a financial center, a dry-goods center, a hardware cen- 
ter, etc. 

" 5. A public square for open meetings and out-door business. 

"These suggestions are hurriedly thrown out, but they should 
be considered, and a committee representing all interests should be 
appointed to draw up a scheme by which these desirable results can 
be secured." 



RE -BUILDING OF CHICAGO. 



59 



OBSTACLES ENCOUNTERED. 

REMOVAL OF THE DEBRIS. A circumstance deserv- 
ing special mention in connection with the city's reha- 
bilitation is the removal of the debris. Large as were 
the city's teaming facilities which were reinforced by 
farmers who, through a circuit of one hundred and 
fifty miles, sought Chicago with a view to profitable 
employment, they proved inadequate to the demands 
upon them. The common price paid for a teamster and 
wagon averaged six dollars a day, and citizens were not 
wanting who doubled this rate in consideration of 
prompt and careful service. A striking illustration of 
the greed displayed by some of the contractors engaged 
in clearing away the ruins is afforded in the experi- 
ence of Potter Palmer. He wished to remove the 
debris from the site of the building occupied by Messrs. 
Field & Leiter. The lowest offer he received was $5,000. 
Rather than submit to such extortion the price at any 
ordinary time would not have exceeded $1,000 he did 
the work himself. 

A convenient dumping place for the rubbish taken 
from ruins was afforded by the basin formed on the lake 
shore, between the outlying track and breakwater 
of the Illinois Central Railroad. What would have 
been the increase in expense had no such place been at 
hand, it is impossible to estimate. At the same time 
the deposit there of the vast amount of rubbish, abso- 
lutely worthless in itself, made land for the city at the 
rate of $1,000 a day. 

Even before the flames had expended their fury, the 
mercantile community of Chicago gave proof of the 
energy that no fire could destroy, in seeking for new lo- 
cations. No situation available for business was left 
unoccupied, and merchants congratulated themselves 
upon obtaining places which, but a few months before, 
would have been refused with disdain. The ruins were 
I covered with notices of removal to temporary quarters. 
^~ Some of these were bare business announcements ; 
others apparently sought to show, by humorous fea- 
tures, that the writers believed in the efficacy of laughter 
as an antidote to distress. 

DIFFICULTY OF ESTABLISHING TITLES TO REAL ES- 
TATE. -In the Court House had been stored the legal 
evidences of title to every square foot of real estate, not 
only in Chicago, but in all Cook County. Money could 
not be borrowed on mortgage by those who could not 
show a title, and real-estate owners hesitated before 
erecting buildings on land from which they might ulti- 
mately be ejected. The people looked for relief to the 
Legislature ; not until late in the succeeding winter, 
however, was any measure of relief adopted, and even 
then the statute enacted met the emergency only in 
part. To a very considerable extent, individual owners 
were compelled to validate their titles by steps satisfac- 
tory to a court of equity. Still, the actual delay resulting 
from this cause fell so far short of what had been 
dreaded, that at this interval of time it is difficult to re- 
alize how grave the situation then appeared. 

LENGTH AND SEVERITY OF THE WINTER. The first 
frosts appeared before the ashes had cooled, and the 
ground remained frozen until spring was far advanced. 
At first it was supposed that no permanent building 
could be commenced until the return of warmer days ; 
but massive structures began at once to rise, and the 
work steadily progressed throughout the entire winter. 

THE STRIKE OF THE TRADES-UNIONS. Early in 
the season, a suspension of work was threatened by 
these organizations unless higher wages were paid, al- 
though the price of labor had already materially ad- 



vanced. The effect of these threats was to awaken 
apprehension in the public mind, but they came to little, 
owing to the vast influx of labor, both skilled and man- 
ual, drawn by the emergency from all quarters of Amer- 
ica as well as from Europe. 

HIGH PRICE OF BUILDING MATERIAL. Brick and 
lumber bounded upward. A maximum price for the 
latter commodity was fixed, by common accord of the 
dealers, at a reasonably low figure. The lumbermen's 
example, however, was not followed by the brickmen, 
whether through indisposition or inability does not 
appear. The prices of building material during the 
winter ruled high, yet fell somewhat before spring 
opened. An attempt was made to secure legislation 
from Congress looking to the relief of the Chicago suf- 
ferers. That body was asked to enact a law, authorizing 
the refunding of all duties paid on imported building 
material used in re-building the burned district within a 
specified time. A precedent had been afforded in the 
case of the re-building of Portland, Maine, in 1866. 
When the measure was first proposed, it encountered no 
serious objection ; but before the bill was taken up for 
action, the enthusiasm of sympathy had cooled, and an 
opposition, headed by the lumber interest, had been 
formed. A long and bitter fight over the passage of 
the bill ensued, resulting in its enactment, with the re- 
bate clause relating to lumber stricken out. Chicago 
derived but little benefit from its enactment, owing to 
the dilatoriness of the Treasury Department in adopting 
rules to give it efficacy. Many difficulties were inter- 
posed, and not a little bitter feeling toward the Secretary 
of the Treasury was engendered by what was believed 
to indicate a disposition on his part to defeat the object 
of the Act. 

BUILDING COMMENCED. Temporary buildings for 
business purposes sprang up at once in every portion of 
the burned district ; while at the same time shanties 
were being put up with equal celerity in the North Di- 
vision. Many of these were the outgrowth of the work 
of relief, which largely assumed the form of aid extended 
to poor men toward putting up some shelter for their 
families. It should be noted here, that in the state- 
ments made regarding the number of buildings erected 
in the city during the first year following the conflagra- 
tion, no. account has been presented of these temporary 
shanties, which were put up without permits from the 
Board of Public Works. Neither has account been 
taken of the innumerable cottages built on the North 
Side between the North Branch and Clark Street, most 
of which were built either before the establishment of 
the fire limits, or in open defiance of the ordinance 
which fixed them. 

An idea of the rapidity with which permanent build- 
ings were commenced and completed may be formed 
from the fact that, within six weeks after the fire, two 
hundred and twelve permanent stone and brick build- 
ings were in course of erection in the South Division 
alone, their total street frontage extending 17,715 feet, 
or three and one-half miles. Before December i, two 
hundred and fifty building permits had been issued by 
the Board of Public Works, and between December i, 
1871, and October i, 1872, the number of permits issued 
was twelve hundred and fifty, classified as follows : 

As to material : 

Frame (exclusive of temporary structures). 65 

Brick 965 

Iron.. 20 

Stone__ _ 200 

As to height : 

One story 284 

Two story 378 



6o 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



88 
10 

I 



Threestory.-- 22& 

Four story 

l-'ivi' story 

Six story. - - -- 

N'ven story 

The total frontage of these buildings was 43.413 
feet, over eight miles. This aggregate includes, in 
the case of comer buildings, only the frontage on the 
main street. The reason for the large preponderance 
of brick buildings is to be found in the difficulty in ob- 
taining stone, consequent upon the delay in quarrying 
and cutting. 

Below is given the grand totals of the first year's 
work. It will be seen that Clark and State streets lead 
in the amount of frontage re-built; the River, Dearborn 
and Madison streets in the proportion of frontage re-built 
to the territory burned over; and Randolph and Monroe 
streets in the value of buildings erected. 

SOUTH DIVISION. 



Vune of Street. 


Total front- 
age covered. 


Total front- 
age vacant. 


ToUlCost. 


South Water 


3,439 


2,270 


$1,974,000 


Lake 


3,429 


2,227 


3,871,000 




2,435 


3,296 


6,377,000 




3.036 


2,580 


4,795,000 




3,757 


1,980 


3,626,000 




2,351 


3,162 


5,138,000 




1,510 


4, lr 7 


1,231,300 




1,500 


3,960 


2,792,000 




1,461 


3,850 


1,475,000 




1,393 


652 


158,000 




414 


1,726 


100,000 




1,731 


2,331 


580,000 


River --- 


887 


2 47 


506,000 




3,747 


3,335 


1,554,000 


State 


4,455 


2,952 


2,294,000 




3,660 


649 


935,000 


Clark 


4,560 


2,495 


1,851,000 




695 


565 


6,000 


I a'ville 


2,744 


2,492 


743,000 




2,780 


7,418 


622,100 




2,364 


3,951 


317,300 


Market -- 


1.544 


1,897 


189,000 










Totals. . . 


52,792 


58,252 


$38,134,700 



NORTH AMI WF.ST DIVISIONS. 

Total frontage of prominent buildings 

erected in the North Division 7, 691 feet 

Total cost of all kinds of buildings erected 

in the North Division. $6,425,000 

Total frontage of prominent buildings 

erected in the West Division. 891 feet 

Total cost of all kinds of buildings erected 

in the West Division 998,500 

Total cost of buildings erected in the whole burned 

district $45,558,200 

On November 23, 1871, the fire limits were fixed, by 
ordinance of the Common Council; within the bound- 
aries established, wooden buildings were absolutely pro- 
hibited, and elaborate details were given for the interior 
construction of large buildings, with a view to safety. 
A negligence, almost criminal, however, characterized 
the conduct of the municipal authorities, respecting the 
interior of " fire-proof " buildings. It was not uncom- 
mon to see a building, supposed to be of this class, sur- 
mounted by a Mansard roof, as inflammable as a pile of 
kindling-wood. On the whole, however, the business 
portion of the city was re-built in a manner which ren- 
dered it as secure against lire as that of any American 
city. 

Some remarks may be here made respecting the 



character of the material employed in the first re-build- 
ing Much of the brick used can hardly be said to 
have been unexceptionable, owing to a superabundance 
of lime in its composition. Of course, the Philadelphia 
brick was not open to this criticism, but its cost was too 
high to admit of its coming into general use. Iron 
fronts were unpopular after the fire, in a community 
which had seen them warp and twist, although pillars of 
this material, running up one story, were common enough. 
Little granite was used. Limestone and sandstone 
were favorite materials. At an early stage of the 
city's restoration, no small prejudice was felt against the 
former, because of its crumbling during the conflagra- 
tion. The truth is, however, that no description of ma- 
terial could endure a heat sufficient to fuse metals in- 
fusible at a lower temperature than 3,000 degrees. 
The term " fire-proof," like all other terms of descrip- 
tion, is relative in its application ; any of the three vari- 
eties of stone named would pass safely through an 
ordinary fire ; no stone yet quarried could withstand 
the intolerable heat of a city in flames. Of all the build- 
ings exposed to the fire, those which suffered least were 
the Custom House, the Court House, the Nixon and 
First National Bank buildings all limestone structures. 
Seven quarries were taxed to the utmost in furnishing 
stone to Chicago during the year following the fire. Of 
these, three were in Ohio, all sandstone ; one in Michi- 
gan, also sandstone ; and three in Illinois, one of which 
was sandstone and the other two limestone. The price 
per foot ranged from sixty-five cents to $1.10 ; the color 
varied between white, gray, blueish-brown, reddish- 
brown and cream. 

A departure from ordinarily accepted architectural 
principles was inaugurated by Messrs. J. V. Farwell & 
Co., who constructed the walls of their store from 
cement. The walls were erected between frames of 
lumber. The interstices were filled with fragments of 
brick, broken stone, etc., and the cement in a liquid 
state poured into the frame. As it cooled, it formed 
a solid and substantial wall, assuming the ornamental 
forms carved in the planks forming the frame. 

The first step taken toward permanent reconstruc- 
tion was the re-building of the bridges and viaducts, the 
money for which work was received from the State. 
Eleven days after the fire, the Legislature, with a view 
to relieving Chicago's distress, appropriated $2,955,340, 
with interest until paid, to refund the amount expended 
in canal improvement. In order legally to justify such 
appropriation, the State assumed complete control of 
the canal, by virtue of reserved power. The Act appro- 
priating this sum, provided that not less than one-fifth 
nor more than one-third of the entire sum should be 
applied by the municipality to the re-building of bridges 
and other structures of a public character, while the re- 
mainder should be devoted to the payment of interest 
on the city's bonded debt, and the maintenance of the 
police and fire departments. Great as was the direct 
benefit resulting from this action of the Legislature, the 
indirect advantages resulting therefrom, in nerving and 
stimulating the general public, were even greater. Re- 
pairs were at once undertaken on the eight bridges and 
three viaducts which the flames had rendered impassa- 
ble, and within a year all were completed. 

The viaducts were located at State, Clark and Wells 
streets ; and the bridges at Rush, State, Clark and 
Wells streets, Chicago Avenue, Adams, Van Buren and 
Polk streets. 

From October 9, 1871, to January 22, 1872, the La- 
Salle-street tunnel furnished the only direct means of 
communication between the North and South divisions 



RE-BUILDING OF CHICAGO. 



61 



of the city ; fortunately that thoroughfare was but little 
damaged. 

Twenty-eight and one-half miles of street pavement 
were exposed to the fire, and the damage done them has 
been estimated at about seventeen per cent, of their 
original cost, or $211,350. A noteworthy circumstance 
in tliis connection is that the wooden blocks of Nichol- 
son pavement showed unsuspected fire-proof qualities, 
second only to those of vaults. The following short 
table shows the lineal feet of pavement destroyed, with 
its estimated value: 

Feet. Value. 

Wooden sidewalks 599,537 (113 1-5 miles) $404,991 50 

Stone pavements. 37,122 (7 " ) 531,095 60 

Flagstone 6,122 (over one mile) 5,29380 

642,781 (121 1-5 miles) $941,380 90 

During the year ensuing, pavements were laid as fol- 
lows: 

Wooden sidewalks 366, 500 feet, or 69 2-5 miles. 

Stone pavements 16,840 ' '31-5 

Concrete pavements 880 " " 1-6 " 



Total 384,220 



" 72 23-30 " 



The most expensive work of repair undertaken by 
the city authorities was the reconstruction of the Water 
Works. The actual and direct outlay for repairs was, in 
round numbers, $100,000, exclusive of damage done to 
the North and South Side reservoirs, which may be set 
down at $20,000. Other losses may be fairly estimated 
as follows: 

W-Uer pipes.. $15,000 

Fire hydrants. _ _ 10,000 

Water meters. 6,000 



$31,000 

In addition, should be considered, the increase of 
$97,410 in the water expense of the city, owing to the 
immense waste of water through the service pipes, 
from 'which no revenue was derived. If all these items 
be added, the total cost of repairing the Water Works 
may be set down at $248,410. The work was done in a 
thorough manner, and an iron roof was substituted for 
the old inflammable covering. In addition, the building 
of a new lake tunnel, of much larger capacity than the 
old one, was at once commenced. 

The direct outlay for buildings put up for municipal 
purposes was mainly for the erection of the temporary 
court house familiarly known as "the old Rookery "). 

The number of churches in Chicago before the fire 
was, in round numbers, one hundred and sixty-five, of 
which thirty-nine were burned, the loss being estimated 
at between two and a half and three millions of dollars. 
Those on the North Side were, as a rule, re-built on their 
former sites. On the South Side, the general tendency 
was to move farther south. Two magnificent churches 
in the latter division that were unharmed the Methodist 
Church, on the corner of Wabash Avenue and Harrison 
Street, and the Church of the Messiah (Unitarian), of 
which Rev. Robert Laird Collier was pastor passed in- 
to secular service. The former was, subsequent to the 
fire, rented by the General Government to be used as a 
post office. The Church of the Messiah was used after 
the fire for mercantile purposes. 

In the progress of the city's re-building, the busi- 
ness area was largely increased, in the permanent 
location of merchants, a new departure was made in 
the grouping of houses engaged in certain lines of 
trade around common centers. The wholesale dry- 
^ goods interest selected as a territory the locality around 



the intersection of Market with Monroe and Madison 
streets, their choice being, no doubt, influenced by the 
erection of J. V. Farwell and Company's building, and 
the removal of the wholesale department of Field & 
Leiter to the corner last named. 

In the West Division, near the locality where the 
fire originated, Canal Street, for more than a mile, 
had been abandoned to rookeries of the most miserable 
description. These were re-placed by manufactories 
and business houses of a generally heavy character. 
The selection of locality proved to be a wise one, and, 
during the ensuing fifteen years, the number of factories 
has steadily increased. On the South Side, the busi- 
ness area was enlarged fully one-third. 

As a rule the owners of buildings noted for magnifi- 
cence and beauty before the fire sought to replace them 
by edifices constructed on a larger and grander scale. 
l.aSalle Street had been famed for its magnificent office- 
buildings, and after the conflagration croaking prophets 
were not wanting who declared that Chicago would not 
" look upon its like again "; but the same thoroughfare, 
re-built, far surpassed the old in grandeur. The new 
Chamber of Commerce was a finer structure, in every 
respect, than was the old, and the buildings erected for 
the conduct of banking and insurance business propor- 
tionately excelled their predecessors. The improve- 
ment in hotel buildings was much greater in extent. 
Even at the Stock Yards was built a hostelry which, in 
point of capacity, surpassed the old Sherman and Tre- 
mont houses. The demand for hotel accommodation, 
however, increased in a ratio even greater than that 
of the city's population. It may be doubted whether 
any city in the country (certainly no inland city) daily 
harbors so large a transient population as Chicago. 

Having briefly outlined the material re-building of 
the city, it remains to note the resumption of business ; 
and, in this connection, it may be remarked that the 
same obstacles which militated against the actual re- 
building of the city encountered our merchants in their 
efforts to restore Chicago to her former position as a 
commercial center. 

Those who could not find locations which they were 
willing to occupy, had to accept the inevitable of 
" shanty " life, and old Argonauts of '49, who viewed 
the city's first effort at revivification, said that Chicago 
presented a resemblance to a mining town ; but the 
broken bricks, the curiously-twisted iron beams, and the 
scorched, split trees were adjuncts to the Chicago 
"shanties " which were wanting in the camps of the 
frontier. 

The first business structure erected on the ruins of 
former greatness was that put up by W. D. Kerfoot, the 
well known real-estate agent and operator. He lost all 
his worldly possessions of a pecuniary sort on October 9. 
On the morning of October 10, he repaired to the local- 
ity where he had formerly conducted business, on AVash- 
ington, between Dearborn and Clark streets, and with 
the assistance of his clerk and his clerk's father, had, be- 
fore noon, erected a twelve by sixteen shanty of boards, 
and was ready to resume business Surmounting the 
structure was a board bearing the words, " Kerfoot 's 
Block," and on the building a sign, " W. D. Kerfoot. 
Everything gone but wife, children, and energy." The 
ruined walls around were too hot to permit the building 
of the shanty within the line of the sidewalk, and it was 
put up a few feet from the pavement, in the mid- 
dle of the street. Here it stood until October 19, 
when, the ruins around having sufficiently cooled, the 
Board of Public Works required Mr. Kerfoot to move 
his " business block " back, within the street line. He 



62 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 




FIU>T BUILDING ERECTED AFTKR THE FIRE. 



continued to do business here until the following June, 
when he removed to permanent quarters. The enter- 
prise and pluck displayed in the erection of the board 
office did not a little toward reviving courage and droop- 
ing spirits. The comical features of the situation ap- 
pealed to the humorous sense of the passers-by, and 
their attention was for a time diverted from their own 
losses and misfortunes. The office soon became a "half- 
way house " between the South and West Divisions, and 
a sort of general headquarters. In front of the building 
was placed a long board, covered with notices of re- 
movals, etc. a sort of extemporized city directory and 
this circumstance, added to the general character of the 
place, made Mr. Kerfoot's office a general "Bureau of 
Information." Hackmen, seeking to learn the address of 
the person at whose residence or place of business they 
should leave a passenger, drove by the building to get 
information which might be more easily obtained there 
than elsewhere. 

I'liisiness was resumed within twenty days after the 
fire. A temporary habitation was afforded to many 
merchants along the Lake Front. Under the existing 
laws, the Lake Front could be used for no other than 
park purposes. The Hoard of Public Works, however, 
deemed itself justified by the exigency in converting this 
ground, temporarily, to business purposes, and accord- 
ingly executed ground-leases to merchants for one year, 
with a proviso that at the expiration of that period the 
buildings should lie removed ; the annual rental being 
fixed at $500 for every twenty-five feet of frontage As 
a result of the adoption of this policy, a long row of 
business houses mainly wholesale, reared their pine 
fronts along Michigan avenue. From Park Row on the 
south to Randolph Street on the north, a distance of one 
mile, nearly the entire east frontage was lined with rude 
structures, mostly one story, all frame, and frequently of 

d depth. 

Another consideration which preyed upon the minds 



of business men during those days was, Even if loca- 
tions could be obtained, whence were to come the goods ? 
The answer arrived in the form of hundreds of tele- 
grams from Eastern creditors to the leading merchants 
of the city ; telegrams received in the first dark hours 
of distress and doubt, before the extent to which the 
calamity might affect them was fully known. These 
telegrams assumed that the sufferers would commence 
anew, and attested the senders' faith in their ability 
and probity. The general tenor of the dispatches was : 
" We suppose you are burned out ; order what goods you 
need, and pay when you can ; we want your trade." No 
doubt an element of business sagacity was discernible in 
such messages, but their effect was to re-assure and re- 
animate those who might have been pardoned for giving 
way to despondency. 

ARCHITECTURE. 

It has been said not without reason by a writer 
of a period some three years subsequent to the great 
fire, that that catastrophe constituted an episode rather 
than a crisis in the city's history. If tangible evidence 
in support of this assertion were needed, it would be 
possible to furnish it, in statistical form, by reference to 
the figures which record the astounding progress made 
in re-building the burned district within the year follow- 
ing the fire. As has been already said, of the entire 
frontage of buildings destroyed in the South Division, 
the first year's work showed 52,792 feet re-built and 
58,252 feet vacant ; in the North Division, the frontage 
re-built was 7,691 feet; and in the West Division, 891 
feet ; the aggregate frontage re-built in the three divis- 
ions being 61,374 feet. It must be borne in mind that 
this statement applies only to permanent buildings, 
which were chiefly of brick or stone. 

The general character of these structures was credit- 
able. Many of them comprised solid walls, of great 



RE -BUILDING OF CHICAGO. 



width, resting upon stable and broad foundations. 
Some resembled fortresses more closely than commer- 
cial structures; their vaults incased in several feet of 
masonry and covered with railroad iron and com- 
posed, from foundation to turret, of material which had 
already absorbed all the oxygen it could contain, cen- 
turies before it entered into the composition of Chicago 
walls. It must be admitted, however, that in the 
erection of not a few buildings the dominating consid- 
erations were haste and expediency. The business 
interests of the city demanded more roomy and better 
arranged quarters than were afforded by the temporary 
shanties in which merchants first found a local habitation. 

Architects found their resources taxed to the utmost 
to prepare plans, and in many cases, so eager was the 
desire to build, the interval of time between the matur- 
ing and the execution of the plans was inappreciable. 
A noticeable illustration is furnished by the Grand 
Pacific Hotel, the re-building of which was commenced 
even before the plans had been completed. To this 
spirit of eagerness (not, perhaps, unmixed with that 
of emulation) may be attributed the erection of many 
structures, even in the business center of the city, of 
a character architecturally speaking which were dis- 
creditable alike to the owners who erected them and 
the municipal authorities who tolerated them. Some of 
them still remain illustrations of the short-sighted 
policy which was responsible for their construction. 

Stories are current to the effect that minor details 
of plans were not infrequently conceived by builders 
destitute of scientific knowledge or skill, who submitted 
them to the architects in charge of work, to receive 
an approval scarcely justified even by the necessities of 
the emergency, which, however, allowed little time for 
examination, study or improvement. For this reason, 
the architecture of the city, during the 
twelve months immediately succeeding the 
fire, showed little substantial advance over 
that of ante-fire days, except as regards the 
material used and the thickness of the walls. 
After the subsidence of the strong though 
temporary pressure brought to bear upon 
the architects, during the first year following 
the conflagration, they were able to devote 
more time and attention to their work, the 
substantial proofs of which may be seen in 
the massive and beautiful structures which 
now adorn our public thoroughfares. 

Among the more noteworthy buildings 
erected during this era may be named 

The Chamber of Commerce (completed 
before, and occupied on, the first anni- 
versary of the fire), the cost of which 
was, in round numbers $365,00x3 

The Sherman House, cost 650^000 

The Passenger Depot of Lake Shore & 
Michigan Southern and Chicago & Rock 
Island Railways, cost 750,000 

The Grand Pacific Hotel, cost 1,000,000 

The Palmer House, cost (over) 1,500,000 

In addition to these, some seventy-three 
others, the average cost of which was 
$100,000 each, were commenced during 
the first year after the fire, although not all were com- 
pleted before the expiration of that period. 

The building activity which characterized the year 
1872, continued throughout 1873. The prices of build- 
ing materials and labor were high, but capitalists, 
recognizing the desirable opportunity offered for invest- 
ment, did not hesitate to advance means for the prose- 
cution of the work. During that year was commenced 



the reconstruction of the public buildings, the Post 
Office and Custom House and the Criminal Court-house 
and County Jail (the two structures last pamed being 
connected). Among the most prominent edifices com- 
pleted during that year were the following, all erected 
within the district lying between Michigan Avenue and 
Franklin Street, on the east and west, and Lake and 
Adams streets, on the north and south : The Reaper 
Block ; the Lakeside Building (a notable example of 
the Gothic revival) ; the Times Building (one of the 
most complete structures of its class yet erected on the 
continent) ; the Matteson House ; the Busby and Stu- 
art Building (occupying the site of the old Crosby 
Opera-house); the St. James Hotel; and the 'Fremont 
House, the latter a building of highly ornate architect- 
ural character, whose cost was $500,000. 

The comparatively narrow limits included within the 
boundaries above named within which were concen- 
trated the leading commercial houses, both jobbing and 
retail soon proved too contracted. A demand for 
more business accommodation soon sprang up and 
steadily increased; yet the majority of tenants sought 
quarters in the district mentioned. As a result of this 
demand arose the towering structures which began to 
be erected toward the close of 1880. 

The history of architecture in Chicago since the fire 
affords a striking contrast to that of the period antece- 
dent to the conflagration; the latter is commonly recog- 
nized by the architects of the city as a new era. The 
flames had taught citizens the folly of employing wood 
as a building material, and brick and stone were sub- 
stituted in the city's rehabilitation, while much attention 
was paid to the interior arrangement, the object being 
to render the " new Chicago " as nearly fire-proof as 
possible. Of the results of careful thought which had 




FIRST BRICK. STRUCTURE MADE AFTER THE FIRE. 



been devoted to this subject, tangible illustrations were 
afforded by the Tribune and the Times buildings, the 
Singer Sewing Machine Company's building, and a score 
of others. 

Not for many years, however, did any proposed so- 
lution of the question, " What constitutes a fire-proof 
building ? " find general acceptance. In this respect, as 
in many others, the year 1880 signalized a decided ad- 



HISTORY (>K CHICAGO. 



vance in application of the principles of true scien- 
tific architecture to practical building. George II. 
Johnson may be said to have been the originator of the 
present fire-proof system of Chicago. Before the fire 
his plans were followed in the construction of many 
buildings. Among these may be named the old First 
National Hank, the Republic Fire In- 
surance Company's Building, and the 
Nixon Building. The fact that the 




PETER SCHUTTLER S RESIDENCE ; ADAMS AND AJ1KKDKEN STS. 

walls of these edifices remained standing, comparatively 
unharmed, aided in the popularization of his theories 
among a people who had begun to distrust all schemes 
for the erection of buildings alleged to be fire-proof. 

The prevailing styles of architecture in vogue in the 
city's re-building, were the Italian Renaissance, and the 
advanced, or modern, Gothic. The influence of the 
former was noticeable in the very first structure under- 
taken after the fire, and dominated the architectural 
plans adopted during the next two years. Most of the 
prominent buildings erected during 1872 and 1873, be- 
longed to this school, or embraced, in their design, 
modifications of its principles. 

With the re-building of the residence portion of the 
burned district, became apparent a marked tendency to 
imitate the boulevard system of Paris, indicated in the 
erection of blocks of closely contiguous buildings, of 
the same general style and similar arrangements. In- 
stances of that departure may be recalled by residents 
of both the North and South divisions of the city. As 
a characteristic of the architecture of this period (par- 
ticularly with relation to private residences} may be men- 
tioned dill'iise ornamentation, which, in a number of 
instances, degenerated into vulgar if not gaudy dis- 
play. So general did the morbid fondness for this par- 
ticular species of adornment become, that there came 
to be recognized, among both builders and the general 
public, a definite "school "of architecture, familiarly 
known as Chicago style." Among the buildings which 
miy'in lie named as marked exceptions to what may be 
said to have been almost a rule, was the Palmer House. 



The plans for this building were, to a considerable ex- 
tent, conceived, if not completed, abroad. Mr. PaJmer, 
with a view to its erection, visited the chief cities of 
Europe, in company with one of the leading architects 
of this city. The general style of the building, both 
in its exterior effect and its more important features of 
interior arrangement, is largely the embodiment 
of modern French ideas, particularly in the en- 
tresol, which is strikingly Parisian in appearance. 
Architects, builders and property owners 
comparatively soon wearied of the Italian school. 
The first transition was to the style technically 
known as the modern Gothic. The movement 
for the revival of this school embraced both ex- 
terior and interior effects. Its influence was soon 
felt, and its results plainly apparent upon the 
architecture of the time. Isolated instances of 
the tendency multiplied in the incorporation of 
some of the principles of this school in the de- 
sign of many buildings, the general effect being 
that of an amalgamation of diverse or contra- 
dictory principles, until its culmination was 
embodied in the American Express Building, on 
Monroe Street, the erection of which was fol- 
lowed by that of the Pike Block, adjoining the 
latter, and completed almost immediately 
afterward. The popular approval bestowed 
on these edifices created a marked change in 
both architectural thought and popular taste, 
and the way was paved for further innovations, 
which made a new era in architecture. The 
interest which began to be felt in this subject 
may be attributed to the education and im- 
provement in taste, resultant upon the careful 
study and cultivated art of the architects of 
Chicago. 

To recur to the more material aspects of 
the situation. The concentration of a vast 
and constantly growing trade in so small a 
compass, and notably the growth of Chicago to its 
pre-eminence as a grain mart; the large number of 
real estate dealers and of professional men of all 
classes, requiring offices contiguous to the prin- 
cipal public buildings and to each other, created 
a demand for business blocks of a capacity greater 
than had been theretofore known. This demand was 
met by Chicago architects with a readiness, and in 
a manner, which has resulted in the erection, in this city, 
of a series of imposing office structures, equaled in few 
cities of the world. During the period immediately fol- 
lowing the panic of 1873, there was, comparatively, a ces- 
sation of building, nor was it actively resumed until 1880. 
The first buildings to rise after the recovery from this 
partial prostration were the Grannis and the Borden 
blocks, and these were soon followed by scores of others. 
In the erection of these structures the old methods were 
discarded; that is to say, that highly ornate buildings 
thinly veneered with stone were supplanted by simpler, 
yet more stately and more honest, designs, in brick; 
which material thereupon became, and has since con- 
tinued, the favorite for all buildings designed for busi- 
ness uses. 

The year following witnessed the erection of the 
general offices of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy 
Railway Company, the First National Bank and the 
Montauk Block. During the next two years rose the 
Calumet Building, the Pullman Building (constructed 
after plans drawn by S. S. Beman, of which the origi- 
nality of design and beauty of construction have made 
it famous), the Mailer's, Gaff, Insurance Exchange, the 



RE -BUILDING OF CHICAGO. 



Royal Insurance (Quincy Street), the Home Insurance 
(one of the city's " lions ") and Traders' buildings. All 
these followed the same general plan of architecture. 
A simplicity of design, almost severe, was united with 
great solidity of construction, and the admission of light 
and air formed a prominent feature in the drafting of 
the plans, and an efficient elevator service, as safe as 
scientific skill could render it, was provided in all. 

A noticeable feature in the construction of all the 
buildings, above named, is the sacrifice of space to light. 
For instance: In the general office-building of the Chi- 
cago, Burlington & Quincy Railway Company is an 
inclosed court, sixty feet square, surrounded by galleries 
on which the various offices are situated; the same plan, 
in its salient features, was adopted in the erection of the 
First National Bank Building. Care has been taken in 
the erection of all, that no exposed surface shall be un- 
protected by a thick covering of fire-clay. The great 
fire conclusively demonstrated the fallacy of the theory 
that iron was afire-proof material. Its value, as regards 
compactness and strength is still conceded, and it is com- 
monly used as a material for columns, floor-beams and 
girders, but always inclosed, as already said, in a coat- 
ing of fire-clay (previously moulded in roller forms), 
never less than two inches in thickness, over which is 
applied the finished plaster, or cement. That the new 
theory is an advance over the old is self-evident; that 
its application results in a construction absolutely fire- 
proof can not be asserted in view of the burning of the 
interior of Grannis Block in the winter of 1885. 

The same general principles of construction were 
followed in the erection of the Rialto, Phoenix and 
Monadnock buildings, which also present a general simi- 



larity in mailers of detail. The style of architecture 
adopted in the exteriors nearly follows that known as 
the Romanesque or Round-arch Gothic, the first note- 
worthy departure from the principles of 'the modern 
Gothic school, which had, for some years, ruled su- 
preme. Many, if not most, of the city's leading archi- 
tects believe that this change will be measurably per- 
manent, or, in other words, that the style followed in the 
buildings now being erected will prevail for many years, 
so far, at least, as buildings for commercial purposes are 
concerned. 

Probably the structure which, of all erected in Chi- 
cago since 1871, may most safely challenge inspection, 
ami, measurably, defy competition, is that known as 
"the new Board of Trade Building," on Jackson Street, 
completed in 1885. The removal of the Chamber of 
Commerce to this locality, at once prompted even if it 
did not necessitate the erection of a large number of 
office - buildings in its immediate vicinity, some of 
which have been already n*med. Not far from it, on 
Adams Street, stands the unique Moorish structure, five 
stories in height, owned and occupied as a restaurant 
almost palatial in its appointments, by H. M. Kinsley, 
the well-known caterer ; while on Michigan Avenue has 
been built, for H. V. Bemis, the magnificent Hotel 
Richelieu. The immense structure to be erected by 
Marshall Field & Co., on the corner of Adams and La- 
Salle streets, to be used as a wholesale warehouse, is to 
be of Long Meadow (Mass.) stone, and will cover a site 
325 by 180 feet. The building will be eight stories in 
height, and in its main features will conform to the prev- 
alent architectural style. Its (estimated) cost will be 
$600,000. 



Wm 

6 ^ -".-rfl 'jT I I 




.1 



PKAIKIE AVENUE AND TWENTIETH STREET. 



66 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



The churches of Chicago, even before the fire, were 
famous throughout the country, and the city vied with 
Brooklyn in meriting the sobriquet of the City of 
Churches The work of re-building was not long de- 
layed, and the new structures surpass the old in both 



- 




MONTAUK BLOCK. 

number and beauty. In their building, no marked de- 
viation from the generally received principles of eccle- 
siastical architecture is noticeable, the Norman-Gothic 
and pure Gothic schools predominating. Among the 
edifices erected that are deserving of special mention, 
because of eminence in beauty, both of interior and ex- 
terior, may be cited the Catholic cathedral of the Holy 
Name, St. James's and the Epiphany Episcopal 
churches, the First and Third Presbyterian, the Ply- 
mouth and New England Congregational, the Eirst aiid 
Immanuel Baptist and Unity (Unitarian) churches. A full 
description of the re-building of the various sanctuaries 



that were destroyed, and the erection of the more pro- 
minent new ones required by the constantly augmenting 
population, will be found in the chapter on Religious 
History. Of the present churches in the city, and of 
the spirit which has prompted their construction, it may 

be said that while the 
city can boast of no tem- 
ple comparable to "old 
Trinity "or the Stewart 
cathedral, in New York, 
it is only a question of 
time when the great 
church buildings of Chi- 
cago will rival in grand- 
eur and beauty those of 
any metropolitan city on 
the American continent. 
To illustrate the growth 
of this description o f 
building in Chicago, it 
is only necessary to refer 
to the accompanying ta- 
ble, an examination of 
which shows that since 
1878 twenty-five church- 
es have been erected, of 
which no less than four- 
teen were built in 1883. 
No sketch of the arch- 
itecture of Chicago 
even though as brief as 
the present would be 
complete which failed to 
contain some mention of 
the great advance notice- 
able in the style of build- 
ing in the residence por- 
tions of the city since the 
great fire. To adorn the 
homes of the merchant 
princes of the capital of 
the Northwest, have been 
devoted the best efforts 
of architects of renown 
and decorators of nation- 
al reputation. The truth 
of the old adage, "many 
men, many minds, " has 
found here a new illus- 
tration in a diversity of 
style, resulting in a vast 
variety of pleasing ef- 
fects. Nor, in many quar- 
ters of the city, which 
may, perhaps, be denom- 
inated as most exclusive, 
is the beauty of the effect 
destroyed by the build- 
ing of the houses in contiguous blocks, unrelieved by 
any surroundings not of a purely artificial character. 
Not a few are surrounded by grounds which, in view of 
the city's extent, may be fairly called spacious ; and m 
this respect Chicago surpasses every city of equal size 
in the United States. Scores of illustrative examples 
might be mentioned, but neither space nor any fair 
principle of discrimination will permit 

In this connection, the following statistical state- 
ment of building done prior to 1871, and which has 
been compiled from such sources as were available, is 
of interest: 



R^-BUILDING OF CHICAGO. 



67 









Classification (partial) by Value. 


Classification (partial) 
by Description. 


Year. 


Number of 


Total Cost. 


O 1-^ 


O l- 


8S' 


O U 


. 

" n 8 





2rf 


o . 










in in 


d 

V 


4 




Erected. 




I* 

~S 


<n^ 

* 


t 

a -rt 

As 

** a 


R 

O-Q 

* 


8 

Is 

tf* 


li 

&* 


I* 


if 
*< 


IJ 


Small 
Cottages. 


1.2 

o-'5 

s 


P 

CQ 


g 

js 
u 


| 
1 


1864 


6,000 


S 4,700,000 








4 


ii 


29 


4 s 


200 


700 


5.OOO 


4 




9 


2 


[865 


6,37" 


6,950,000 




I 


2 


6 


13 


45 


54 


250 


800 


5,200 


6 


__ 


9 


8 


1866 


6 700 


1 1 OOO OOO 






















1 1 


IO 


24 


7 


1867 


5,OOO* 


8,500,000 


I 




2 


9 


14 


25 


62 














7 




1 868 


7 OOO 


14 000,000 
























4O 


IQ 




1 869 




I I OOO OOO 






























1870 


- 


12,000,000 



























































* The cause of the decrease in the building operations of this year is to be found in the eight hour strike, which occurred in May, and caused many 
to defer or abandon a previously formed intention to build that year. 



It is estimated that in the spring of 1868, the total 
number of buildings in the city was 39,366, of which 
35,654 were of wood. The number of dwelling-houses 
was 32,047; stores,- 3,980; saloons, 1,696; workshops 
and factories, 1,307. In 1869, the estimated number 
of buildings was 43,920, and at the time of the fire of 
1871, the number was not far from 60,000. It is a 
matter of regret that the foregoing statement can not 
be made fuller, and that it can fairly be called only an 
estimate. The meagre details extant, however, prevent 
the giving of anything but an approximation. 

The following table gives a detailed statement of 
buildings for which permits have been issued since 
January i, 1877: 



In summing up the foregoing brief review of the 
building done, and the architectural advance and 
changes worthy of note, in Chicago's history since the 
catastrophe of 1871, it may be remarked, that this pe- 
riod has witnessed the erection of nearly all the city's 
prominent public buildings, which alone represent an 
expenditure aggregating, in round numbers, $7,000,000; 
that during these fifteen years the whole of the present 
business portion of Chicago had been re-built; while 
almost countless private residences some of them of 
rare beauty and even magnificence have been raised. 

Following are given the personal sketches of some 
of the gentlemen whose ability as architects has been 
exercised in the building and re-building of Chicago. 



b 

rt 


o| 

03 


J 
z ta 


Number of Stories. 


Materials 
of ! ronts. 


Classification of Buildings. 


Total Cost. 


i 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


S 


9 


IO 


11 


12 


^ 

_u 
"C 

n 


V 
C 

o 


Stores and 
Offices. 


Stores and 
Dwellings. 


Dwellings. 


D 

x 

.c 
O 


6 
* 

3.2 

S ** 


1-77 
1878 
1879 
1880 
1881 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 


I.39S 
1,019 

I, 93 


35,033 
31,118 

33,361 


221 


82 
55 

455 


275 

247 
229 


3 
16 


II 
19 


I 
2 












937 

647 
878 


461 

372 
215 


IOO 

70 

85 


229 
I6 7 

173 


737 
574 
650 


6 

5 


48 
50 


$ 6,561,800 
6,561,100 
6,139,580 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 




1,73'S 
2,718 
4,086 

4,169 
4,638 


56,627 
73,161 
85,588 
98,782 
108,952 


727 
849 
1,252 

1,524 
1,697 


590 
1,214 
1,^4 
1,768 
1.943 


181 
550 
632 
758 
861 


107 
61 

80 

88 


31 

24 
12 

15 
21 


IO 
9 

II 
16 


I 
IO 

3 

2 

7 


I 


I 
I 
2 


I 
I 
I 


| 


2 
I 
















13,467,000 
15,842,800 
21,875,000 
25,862,000 
24,430,125 


... 


... 


106 


356 
342 


2,128 
2,830 


H 


125 










157 


668 


2,967 


14 


98 







As showing the comparative increase for the past 
four years, the following figures may be found sug- 
gestive : 



Year. 


No. -> 

Building. 


\". "f Feet 
Frontage. 


Cost of 
Buildings. 


1882 


2 718 






1883 




8* e,SH 




1884 




08 78 


'c/- 1 ' 


1885 


a 618 














Totals for 4 years 


15 611 


266 j.S'* 













In submitting his annual report for the year 1884, 
the Commissioner of Buildings said: 

" While there has been a considerable increase in the number of 
permits issued in 1884, yet the healthiest sign of building opera- 
tions is found in the character of the structures erected. A greater 
number of commodious buildings, as absolutely tire-proof as ii is 
possible to make them, have been erected in Chicago last year, than 
during any ten years of the city's history." 



ARCHITECTS. 

THEODORE Vino WADSKIER was born on the island of St. 
Croix, Danish West Indies, on May 27, 1827. The first ten years 
of his life were spent with his parents on a sugar plantation, and 
he was then sent to Copenhagen, Denmark, to be educated. After a 
course of instruction under private tutors, he entered the Royal Acad- 
emy of Fine Arts, from which he graduated with high honors. He re- 
turned to his native land with the intention of practicing his pro- 
fession; but, upon his arrival at St. Croix, he found the agitation 
of a South American revolution had so unsettled business affairs 
that he decided to come to this country, and landed at New York 
on April 10, 1850. He had letters to various prominent persons of 
that city, but soon became dissatisfied and went to Philadelphia, where 
resided relatives of his father, among whom was the then resident 
minister of Denmark, Steen Anderson DeBille. After devoting 
seven years to his business in Philadelphia, he concluded the Wot 
offered a wider field to a young man in his profession. lie decided 
upon Chicago as having the best future of all western points, and 
since March, 1857, has been identified with its interests. Chicago, 
at that early day, was far from attractive, but after casting his lot 
with her citizens, he began to imbibe somewhat of their spirit, and 
afkT the first panic of 1857, he was instrumental in building up 
our great city, by ell-signing many of its churches, business blocks, 
anil residences. lie was one of the thousands who lost everything 
in the lire of is-i, but with undaunted energy again speedily busied 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



went to England ami Scotland, where lie spent some time in pro- 
fessional work in the office of Sir Digby Wyatt, of London. In 
the fall of 1871, upon the suggestion of the above-named gentle- 
man, he came to this country, and located in Chicago. During his 
residence here, he has been most actively engaged in architectural 
work, memorials of which are the Calumet and Talbott buildings, 
besides scores of smaller buildings stores, residences and churches. 
Mr. llallberg has always been prominently identified with the archi- 
tecture of the city, and has been very much interested in matters 
relating to the drainage and water supply. Mr. llallberg was mar- 
ried, on October 27, 1881, to Miss Florence, daughter of the late 
H. W. Estey, who was a pioneer and wealthy resident. Mrs. Hall- 
berg is a lady of line literary and musical attainments, and both are 
prominent in the art and social circles of the city. Their only 
daughter is named -Margaret Leitz. Mr. and Mrs. Hallberg are 
members of Professor Swing's church. 

JOHN M. VAN ( )si.|;i., i-i>, was burn in New Vork City, on Jan- 
uary 13, 1837, and is a son ->f William C. and Harriet Van Osdel. 
His parents removed to Chicago in 1839, and resided here for seven 
years. They then removed to Naperville, Aurora, and Dixon, re- 
maining in each place several years. The son, John, was educated 
in the common schools, and after finishing his studies, worked at 
the carpenter trade with his father, who was a builder and con- 
tractor. In the fall of 1861, the younger Van Osdel responded to 
the call for troops, and enlisted as a private in Co. " K," of the 
Sgth Illinois Volunteer Infantry. He was early promoted to first 
sergeant, and on August II, 1862, received his commission as first 
lieutenant, the promotion being made for meritorious service ren- 
dered at Pea Ridge, the first heavy battle in which the 5Qth was en- 
gaged. The company participated in the campaigns of the Army 
of the Cumberland, and was constantly engaged in marching and 
fighting, and encountered most severe service. Mr. Van Osdel was 
promoted captain of Co. " K," on September 30, 1864, and received 
his discharge on December 8, 1865. Although actively participat- 
ing in many of the heaviest battles in the War, Captain Van Osdel 
never received a wound. Upon the close of the War he came to 
Chicago, and entered the office of his uncle, John M. Van Osdel, 
the well-known architect and old resident of Chicago. He studied 
architecture and drawing, and, in 1872, was made a partner in the 
business. In many of the notable buildings erected since the great 
fire the name of the Van Osdels is associated, the plans of the 
Palmer House, Tremont House, the Oriental, Hawley and Ken- 
dall buildings, and the McCormick and Reaper blocks, having been 
made by them. Mr. Van Osdel, 2d, was married, on February 29, 
1863, to Miss Catharine A. Anderson, of Dixon, 111. They have 
six children living and three dead. Mr. Van Osdel is a member of 
the military order of the Loyal Legion. 

SMITH M. RANDOLPH was born near New Brunswick, N. J.,' 
in 1837, and was educated in the district schools there. He came 
to Chicago in 1854, before he was seventeen years old, and entered 
the office of his brother, Mahlon Randolph, an architect, now located 
in New York City. In 1859, he left his brother's office to join 
a friend located at Chillicothe, Mo., but after prospecting for about 
eighteen months, he was compelled to abandon his business there, 
and returned to Chicago in 1860, just before the election of Abraham 
Lincoln. Soon after that election he located in Dubuque, Iowa 
and was there when the War began, His brother Mahlon and he 
raised one of the first companies enlisted at that point for Bissell's 
Engineer Regiment of the West, Mahlon going as captain of the 
company ; but S. M. Randolph was not able to leave the important 
position he held as superintendent of the Dubuque Elevator Com- 
pany, then handling immense quantities of grain, etc., for the army 
down the river. In 1862, when the second call came for "thirty 
thousand more," Mr. Randolph could stay no longer at the rear and 
learning that the Chicago Board of Trade were to equip a battery 
he telegraphed to have his name put on the list, which was filled m 
twenty-four hours from the time it was opened. He joined the 
command in a few days, and was with this famous battery during all 
>f its three yens of active service, remaining a private soldier until 
the close of the War. During most of the time he was engaged on 
staff duty, and had chances to see what was going on as well as to 
I he Fourth Michigan Cavalry belonged in the same divis- 
ion as this battery and Mr. Randolph was thus present when the 
former brought Jefferson Davis in a prisoner. Mr. Randolph was 




ducted business as architects until 1871, designing many of the pub- 
he and private buildings of the city and surroundings. In 1870 
Mr. Randolph was appointed by Governor McClurg as police com- 
rmssu.ner, and was elected president of the board. I n this capacity 
he re-organixed the force and conducted the department to the great 
satisfaction of the law-abiding eiti/ens of all political parties After 
the great fire of 1871, he closed his business in St. Louis and 



returned to this city, fully determined to make it his permanent 
home, and has since done an extensive business, being fully identi- 
fied with the Chicago of to-day. Mr. Randolph has recently com- 
pleted a magnificent residence for H. II. Kohlsaat, at a cost 
of about $35,000, which was made the subject of illustration and 
eulogium in the " Inland Architect and Builder." This edifice is only 
one out of the many which have been designed and built by this 
gentleman, both in' St. Louis and Chicago. In February, 1870, 
he married Miss Hattie E. Johnson, of St. Louis, who died in Cali- 
fornia in 1876, leaving a little girl, who died in 1881, at the age of 
ten years. In October, 1881, he was married to Mrs. Hattie W. 
Smith, and has one son, Paul Randolph. 

WILLIAM STRIITELMAN was born in Cassel, Germany, on Sep- 
tember 28, 1842. After a preparatory training in the schools of 
his native village, he entered the University at the age of sixteen. 
His studies in the University were directed to technology. On 
graduation from the last named institution, at seventeen years of 
age, he went to Marburg, where he pursued a course of philosoph- 
ical study. His father, Fred. K. Strippelman, was prominently 
identified with architecture and civil engineering in Germany, and 
his oldest brother, Theodore, is a prominent civil engineer in the 
employ of the Roumanian, Austrian, and French governments, in 
Silesia. His family is French in origin, but has been identified 
with scientific researches in Germany for one hundred years. 
When Mr. Strippelman was in his twentieth year, he came to Amer- 
ica and located himself at Nashville, Tenn., where he became 
draughtsman to the Army of the Cumberland, under General 
Thomas, which position he filled until the close of the War. At 
that time, his intention was to go to South America, and he went to 
New York, in partial fulfillment of that design. Being detained in 
that city by sickness, he abandoned his original idea, and, after re- 
covery, established himself in the practice of his profession at New 
Orleans. Subsequently, he removed to Galveston, Texas, where 
he built the Grand Opera House. In 1868, owing to the prevalence 
of yellow fever, he came North, and located in Chicago. Here he 
entered the employ of the Board of Public Works, but four years 
thereafter resigned his official position, and once more resumed the 
active pursuit of his profession. During his connection with the 
Board, he drafted the first and only underground map of Chicago, 
and, together with Charles Rascher, published the fire atlas of this 
city. During his professional practice, he has drafted plans for 
and superintended the erection of many of Chicago's handsomest 
private residences. In 1868, at St. Louis, Mr. Strippelman mar- 
ried Miss Hermine Schaefer, a lady of fine literary and musical tal- 
ents, born at Coburg, Germany. They have four children, Alex- 
ander, Annie, Julia, and William. 

JOHN OTTER was born in the vicinity of Goteborg, Sweden, 
on June 2, 1847, and was brought up on his father's farm. At a 
very early age he developed a remarkable fondness for mechanical 
pursuits, which very shortly manifested itself in an invincible desire 
to study architecture. At the age of sixteen, in pursuance of this 
intention, he left his parents' home and went to the city of Gote- 
borg, where he commenced to learn the mason's trade with Mr. 
Rapp, at that time the most prominent builder in that place. With 
him he served an apprenticeship of two years, and, for the subse- 
quent two years, was employed as foreman for Mr. Harris; after 
which four years of experience, he procured a situation as foreman 
with Mr. Kruger, a very prominent builder of Goteborg. He was 
at the same time admitted to the Technological School of the city, 
from which school he graduated after four years' study. He mani- 
fested such aptitude during these studies as to most favorably im- 
press the faculty; therefore Professor Schultz and others determined 
to defray his expenses for a three years' tour through Europe, in 
order that he might study the architecture of different nations. But 
Mr. Otter believed that America offered a wider and more compre- 
hensive field for the acquisition of knowledge and experience, and 
accordingly left Sweden in 1871, and arrived in the United States 
the same year. He spent a short time in the State of Maine, and 
then came to this city, arriving here in 1872, where his first experi- 
ence was that of most foreigners, the disadvantage of not being 
acquainted with the English language. Having no relatives and no 
influential friends, he concluded that upon his physical strength he 
must rely for support until he mastered the language, and immedi- 
ately sought and found employment with T. Courtney as a mason, 
with whom he remained for two years, and after that' worked with 
some of the leading builders of the city, E. Earnshaw, Mr. 
Barton and Mr. Doer, among others. During these years he gained 
quite a large clientage, also studied the English' language and 
the art of architecture. In 1875, he went into the building and 
contracting business with Gust. Lindberg, with whom he remained 
associated five years; after which, in :S8i, he opened an office on 
his individual account ; since which he has been alone in the archi- 
tectural profession. In reviewing his life, Mr. Otter confesses that 
he is not only proud of, but astonished at, the success that has at- 
tended the young man who left his parents' home with a monetary 




ITl.l.MAN BUILDING. 



7-' 



HISTORY <>!' CHICAGO. 



start in life equal to about one dollar I'nited States currency. But 
his energy. |H-rtinacitv ami honesty have resulted (as lhc\ always dm 
in ** Mr. Otter, in liis excellent practice, his. 

home, his choice library (replete with the be-t u. ill con- 

tinents, on art and architecture), and his happy family, reaps the 
iK'iietit ol those qualities engendered in llini-.cll and practiced earn- 
and thoroughly during hi- twenty-two \cars of business expe- 
rience, lie nurried, in 1*72. Miss Sophia Charlotte Larson; they 
have two children, Annie aiip. 

Jl'I.II s ||. Ill B n at Newark, N. J., in lSj2, and is 

the son of John I', lluher. one of the oldest architects of Chicago. 
lie was educated in the academy of his native city, and his inten- 
tion, at that tin- i to West Point and receive a military edu- 

n; hut having li jo to Europe to study for 

an architect. In latter, ami spent tw o \ cars at tin 

technic In-titute, at Munich, preparing for the profession of his 
choii .), examination at school, and 

spent sometime in -uniying the dim-rent styles of architecture in 
the old country, he returned to New-ark, and soon joined his father 
in this city, arriving in 1^75. He occupied the position of draughts- 
man for- mil was then taken into partnership with his 
father. In 1870, the partnership was dissolved, and he was en. 
.c city, and in its employ until K--n. hi i- 

chiteet. I le was married, in I.ockport, 
'" I'itts, daughter of |. I'itts, of that place. 

. 11. WAESCHER was born at Soest, \\'i-iphalia. 

I'm ia. in is .jo. and was educated at his home, graduating at the 
:, ami afterward spent six years, partly in college and 
partly in the study of architecture in Berlin. In l8dd, the Austrian 
w -"" - a private, and - til its 

dose, when he concluded to conie to America. ( hicago being iiis 
destination. II. as draughts- 

man in an ; but this not proving; sufficiently remu- 

nenit : d that the wages paid to bricklayers offered 

him sufficient inducement to take up this branch of business. After 
a few months' work, he found that he was not able to stand this 
heavy manual labor, and so he gave it up and a<;ain resumed his 
JX'sil'. i-htsman with ( >. S. Kinney. in whose otn. 

remai .rly three years. At the time the Franco-Prussian 

" ar " again returned to Germany and entered the service 

of the government. He was appointed lieutenant, and was at the 
of Metz, the battle of Orleans, ami at l.en a the 

war closed, he returned to Prussia, but was not content, and after 
six month-, lie to come to Chicago, and at once 

went into an architect's office on his arrival. He superintended 
the construction of the Kye and Ear Infirmary, on the West Side, 
and when it was completed opened an architect's office for himself] 
aml ' 1'V the managers of the Xewberry estate to design 

and superintend the construction of their buildings. He has had 
... of this work since 1-75. He designed and superintended 
the building of Mi-s Cram's Seminary for Young Ladies, corner 
UKJ I'earborn Avenue; the large building of Hon. 
ft C. Adams, corner of Twenty-fifth Street and Calumet Ave- 
ntie; the !:. \V. Blatchford factory, corner of Clinton and Fulton 
streets; and many other buildings, public and private. He has 
always made a specialty of heavy warehouses, storage buildings and 
factories. He married Miss Clotilda Mattes, at Des Moines Iowa 
in iS82. 

JOHN J. Ki VM.KKS, architect of the Board of Education of the 
Chicago, was born in this city on June 30, 1848, his father 
E. J. Flanders, having located here,' in connection with early mer- 
cantile mterc-ts, in ,- u . M r . Klanders received a good literary 
and commercial education, and then commenced the study of his 
Profession, in iSdo, in the office of August Bauer, ami continued it 
with IV. \\adskier, and subsequently with Edward Burling with 
he remained for two years, lie then, in 1874, opened an 
in his own account, and has been actively identified with the 
since that time. He has paid partie'ular attention to the 
edihces ; among which are the resil 

dencesof John I Crier. J. K. Barry, \V. M. Pond and F. S. lames; 

the Jonathan C lark buildings, on State Street, between Madison and 

. Mo , n . nK; st '' on Street; 1. I!. Mailer's office- 

uilding and stores and residence, the Foss estate buildings Jacob 

Henry lleuller's buildings, and the Agricultural Insurance 

ding, on Quincv and 

was the first office-building, twelve stories hM 

Imired *, a monument of architectural 

' Haven School, the Anderson, Brainard. Ilcalv 

,">'"' ected by the Board of Education 

du nn. ; Mr. Flan 

Hi SKY ]'. STARBUCK was born at Xantucket, Mass in i8so 

and educated in liost,,,,, and, in connection with his intended nro^ 

intecture, attended school and studied under \ C Mar 

tin, a-; .:,e,| architect of Boston, sin. i He was 

a student for f,ye years, and, in 1872, opened an office in Boston 



After the great tire in New Brunswick, in 1877, he also had an 

there, ami furnished plans and superintended the erection of 

several line buildings in that city, among which was the Bank of 

New Brunswick. In 1879, he closed his business in the East, and 

came to Chicago, and spent about three years in special engineering 

work in connection with refrigerating and machinery, which 

.iky he still maintains if occasion offers. He opened an otlice 

as architect ill the Metropolitan Block: afterward moved to the 

Ashland Block, where he is at piesent located. He was married, 

-72, to Miss Charlotte E. Noyes, of Abington. Mass.; they 

have one son, I lenry YV. 

SOLON SIMM i.u UKMAN was born at Brooklyn, N. V., 
on October i, iSj;, andis the son of William Kiley lieman, of 
that city, a cultivated gentleman of high literary and scientific at- 
tainments. Although not a professional architect, the elder Mr. 
Beman has made the study of that subject one of his chief pur- 
suits, and early imbued his son with the same tastes. Solon was 
educated partly by his father and partly in various private schools 
in Brooklyn. In i-i>s, at the age of fifteen, Mr. lieman entered 
the New York office of the famous architect, Mr. Richard Up- 
john, where he remained for eight years. In 1876, he opened an 
on his own account in New York City, where he practiced 
his profession until December, 1879, when, forming the acquaint- 
ance of George M. 1'ullnian, he was invited by him to come to 
Chicago, to design and construct the new City of Pullman and the 
extensive car-works at that place. I Hiring the winter of 1879-80 
he perfected the plans of that unique city, and in the follow ing 
spring the great work of building that place was begun, and car- 
ried on under his personal direction to successful completion. He 
is the designer of all the buildings of Pullman, including the ar- 
cade, churches, schools, market, hotel, water-tower, etc., besides 
some thirteen hundred dwelling houses for the employes. In ad- 
dition to his architectural work, for upward of a year he had entire 
charge of the affairs of Pullman, excepting the building of 
car- and the operation of the car-works, lie is also the architect 
of many line and costly buildings in Chicago; among which may 
be mentioned the tine office-building erected by the Pullman Com- 
pany, on the corner of Adams Street and Michigan Avenue, at a 
i 71x1,000; the Washington Park club-house, grand-stand 
ami stables, at a cost of $150,000; the Chicago Manual Training 
i. corner of Twelfth Street and Michigan Avenue, at a cost 
\ooo; General Anson Stager's private residence, on Eight- 
teenth Street and Michigan Avenue; and the Oriental Laundry 
Company's building. In addition to these buildings, during the 
few years Mr. Beman has been in Chicago he has been the archi- 
tect of some thirty dwelling-houses in this city and vicinity. He 
has also made the plans for a fine granite building, to be located 
on the corner of Adams and LaSalle streets, for Marshall Field, 
which is estimated to cost about $i ,000,000; as well as for the North- 
western Mutual Life Insurance Co.'s new building, at Milwaukee, 
\Yis., which cost 8500,000. Mr. Beman is a member of the Ameri- 
can Institute of Architects and of the Western Association of Archi- 
tects. In 1883, Mr. Beman was married, in Pullman, to Miss Marian 
Agnes Smith, of Chicago. Mrs. lieman is the daughter of the 
late \\ illiam F. Smith, a distinguished English civil engineer, who 
was the first to suggest the underground-railroad system of Lon- 
don, and who was connected professionally with the planning and 
construction of the present sewerage system of that city. Mrs. 
lieman's step-father was the late James Freeman Silke, a promi- 
nent citizen of Chicago, who died at Rome, Italy. They have two 
children, Florence Spencer and Edith Alice. 

STEPHEN Y. SHIFMAN was born in Montrose. Penn., on Jan- 
uary 26, 1825, and was educated at the academy in that place. For 
several years he worked at the printing business, which was aban- 
doned on account of failing health, and he next gave his attention 
to the study of architecture, commencing with his father a builder 
afterward at Pittsburgh and finally at Philadelphia, and before 
leaving his native State, had designed and superintended the erec- 
lon of numerous public and private buildings. He came to Chi- 
cago in 1854, but in the following year took up his residence at 
Madison, Wis., with which city he afterward became quite promi- 
nently identified. In 1857, he was appointed architect of the Cen- 
I Wisconsin State Hospital for the Insane, at Madison and 
superintended its construction until the commencement of the War 
of the Rebellion, when (in July. 1861) he entered the 1st Wisconsin 
I avalry as a lieutenant, and was successively promoted lieutenant- 
colonel and colonel by brevet. His military record was an honor 
his State. He was wounded on May 2,' 1862. at Cape Girar- 

,nd U ; i 1 i f S ?-f Apri ' 24 ' IS63 ' at crossin - "' WWtewato River, 
J crippled for life, was captured as a prisoner of war, released on 

cf-n hT fv"** 1 7 December " IS6 3- He recovered suffi- 
-lenth from his wounds to again enter the field with his regiment 

Ke muT'T '" n " m , us engagements of that command in 
wi, \vi ' U ' nm T c ' Alabama and Georgia, ending at Macon 
with \\ ilson s cavalry corps, at the end of the War. He wis de 






RE-BUILDING OF CHICAGO. 



73 



tailed to collect the plans and report on the condition of the exten- 
sive Confederate public buildings at that place anil Augusta, and In 
collect the records of military posts, hospitals, etc., in that .State 
and Western South Carolina, and then ordered to report to the 
War I lepartment to take charge of rebel archives, where he re- 
mained until mustered out, by special order, on December 6, 1865. 
On returning to his home, he was elected city treasurer without op- 
position. He also resumed his profession of architect, and com- 
pleted the Hospital for Insane; his design for the rotunda and 
dome was adopted, and he received the appointment of architect of 
the State Capitol, and completed that building ; was superintend- 
ing architect of the United States Court House and Post Office to 
its final completion ; designed and superintended the construction 
of the Northern State Hospital for the Insane, at Oshkosh, Wis.; 
was the architect of the Iowa State Hospital for the Insane, at In- 
dependence, Iowa; also designed and superintended the construc- 
tion of the Northern Illinois State Hospital for the Insane, at 
Elgin ; and in 1880-81 re-built, with important additions, the Mis- 
souri State Lunatic Asylum, at St. Joseph, Mo. He has for sev- 
eral years been a citizen of Chicago, and has had charge of some of 
the finest buildings in this city, such as the Gaff Building, on I.a- 
Salle Street, and the Presbyterian Hospital. Mr. Shipman is inti- 
mately connected with literary studies and work. In 1870, he was 
elected secretary of the Department of Science, embracing the mathe- 
matical, physical, sciological, ethnological and social sciences, in the 
\\ isconsin Academy of Science, Arts and Letters. He has been con- 
nected with the State Historical Society of Wisconsin since 1855, 
as curator ; was its recording secretary Ufitil his removal to Chi- 
cago ; and is now a life-member, and honorary vice-president for 
Illinois, of that society. He is also a corresponding member of the 
\i-\v Kngland Historic-Genealogical Society, a member of the Brad- 
ford ( 1'enn.) Historical Society, of the Chicago Historical Society, 
of the Institute of American Architects, of the Western Association 
of Architects, and of other learned societies. He has been an active 
member and officer in the Masonic order, and is a past commander 
of Knights-Templar. By reference to Allibone's Dictionary of 
Authors, \ve find him credited with the Shipman Family Genealogy. 
Mr. Shipman was at one time chief of cavalry of the Army of 
cast Missouri, and later assistant inspector of the cavalry corps 
of the Military Division of the Mississippi. From published re- 
ports in contemporaneous newspapers, it is demonstrated that Col- 
onel Shipman was one of the most gallant and dashing soldiers who 
were commissioned by the " Badger State," and he now bears upon 
his body the scars of many hard-fought actions. He was married, 
at Ilarrisburg, in November, 1850, to Cornelia, daughter of Hon. 
!'.. S. Goodrich, Secretary of State ; to whom was born Annie L. 
(now Mrs. E. S. Tomblin, of Emerson, Iowa), Rose W. (now Mrs. 
J. K. Anderson, of Watikesha, Wis.), Charles G., M. D. (of Ish- 
peming, Mich.), William V. (of Culbertson, Neb.), and Cornelia. 
Mrs. Shipman died at Madison, \Vis., on February 27, 1870. He 
was married again, at Chicago, in 1881, to Mrs. Mary Townsend 
Towers. 

FKEDKRICK B. TOWNSKND was born at Somerville, Mass., on 
July 22, 1853. He was educated at Harvard College, and, after 
closing his studies there, attended, for a short time, the Lawrence 
Scientific School, but was compelled to shorten his course at that 
institution on account of the death of his father. He returned to 
Washington, I). C. , which was at that tim'e the home of the family, 
and commenced business as a draughtsman, and there remained for 
about one and a half years, when he concluded to come West. He 
arrived in Chicago in 1877, and engaged as draughtsman in the 
office of L. B. Dixon, a prominent architect, and remained with 
him until 1881. He then became a partner of Mr. Dixon 's, which 
association continued until 1884, when he dissolved partnership, 
and opened an office for himself at the corner of LaSalle and Madi- 
son streets. He was married, in Chicago, in 1880, to Mrs. Car- 
rie Barstow Wallace. 

OsiinKNK J. I'IKRCK was born at Albion, Kennebec Co., Me., 
in 1839. H' s early school education was obtained at Albion, China, 
and Waterville. At the same time he worked upon his father's 
farm, and studied drawing and painting, receiving instructions 
from several local artists. His attention was first attracted to ar- 
chitecture at the age of fourteen or fifteen, by articles in one of the 
monthly magazines, and thereafter art and architecture, but mainly 
the former, were never lost sight of, and he kept up the practice of 
drawing and painting, as an engrossing pastime, until circumstances 
favored his adopting it as a profession. Being of a somewhat rov- 
ing disposition, he went to Minnesota, with older brothers, in 1856, 
and while there worked at different occupations, mainly at carpen- 
tering and sign-painting. Returning to the East two years after- 
ward, he continued in the painting business, soon drifting into 
decorative and fresco painting at Boston ant) Taunton. He also 
taught district school in Maine for several winters, and gave, in- 
struction in painting, drawing, and penmanship. Naturally of a 
versatile mind, he acquired considerable proficiency in a number of 



different pursuits, and his studies covered a wide and varied field. 
The Civil War broke out just at the time his future" course was be- 
in^ marked out. During the first year of the War, his poor health 
kept him out of the army, and he improved the time by reading 
Blackstone, with a view of becoming grounded in the underlying 
principles of English law. He also traveled some months for 
health and recreation. In 1862, he enlisted as private in the 241)1 
Maine Regiment, then being organized, and in the following spring 
went to the front with the regiment. He took part in the siege and 
storming of Port Hudson, in May and June of 1863, being then 
sergeant-major of the regiment, and after the capture of that strong- 
hold was discharged with his regiment. In December of the same 
year, he again enlisted as first sergeant of the 7th Maine Battery of 
Veteran Volunteers, and served to the end of the War, being pro- 
moted second lieutenant just before the close. He took an active 
part in nearly all the famous battles and engagements from the 
wilderness to the collapse of the Rebellion (viz., Spotsylvania, Cold 
Harbor, Bethesda, Burnside's Mine, etc.), and during the winter of 
1864-65 his battery held Fort Sedgwick, one of the most exposed 
and dangerous points upon our lines. Upon leaving the army, he 
again resumed his art studies and practice, giving lessons in draw- 
ing, etc., meantime. He removed to Massachusetts in 1868, and 
studied, worked, and taught between that time and 1874, at which 
time he came to Chicago. During this time he took a course of art 
in the Massachusetts Normal Art School, gave instructions in the 
Mechanics' Association Drawing Schools, in Worcester, and con- 
ducted the City of Chelsea evening drawing school and school for 
art instruction to public school teachers. He also pursued his voca- 
tion as architectural draughtsman in Worcester, Northampton, and 
Boston, and for two years conducted business in his own name in 
Worcester. He came to Chicago under the auspices of J. R. Os- 
good & Co., Boston, to instruct the teachers of the public schools 
in the Walter Smith system of drawing and supervise its introduc- 
tion in the schools. He served in this capacity two years ; after- 
ward giving art instruction to private classes and in several educa- 
tional institutions of Chicago, including the Athena-urn, Bryant's 
College, and the Academy of Fine Arts. He also filled several en- 
gagements as designer of furniture, decorations, etc., and as archi- 
tectural assistant. In 1882, he opened an office at No. 155 LaSalle 
Street, since which time he has practiced his profession at the same 
place. He is a fellow of the Western Association of Architects and 
member of the Illinois State Association of Architects. Mr. Pierce 
was married to Miss Carrie L. Twitchell, daughter of Colonel Eli 
Twitchell, of Bethel, Me. Two daughters, both now living, were 
born to them, Annie Louise, in 1867, and Winifred Mabel, in 1872. 

PETKR W. ANDERSON was born at Yasted, Sweden, on Febru- 
ary 12, 1853. He attended the schools of Malmo, Sweden, for 
four years, and studied for six years in the School of Architecture 
at Copenhagen. He was then employed as draughtsman for two 
years, and was appointed superintendent of the construction of the 
great Carrol Church at Malmo, Sweden, which employed him for 
nearly two years. He next went to Hogestad, where he superin- 
tended the erection of one of the largest dairy buildings in that city. 
He came to Chicago in October, 1881, and was here about eight 
months before opening an office ;-in the meantime, he superintended 
the building of a store on Chicago Avenue, and then opened an 
office on that avenue, where he remained about six months, when he 
removed to Ashland Block. He is ingenious in his profession, and 
has at present a design that is calculated to supersede may of the 
present styles of public edifices, from its economy of room and 
beauty of appearance. This can be built from one hundred and 
fifty to six hundred feet wide and from two to five stories high, 
without the support of pillars inside or outside ; and the one con- 
struction can be used for several buildings. It is admirably adapted 
for use as a capitol or court-house. 

FREDERICK R. SCIIOCK was born at Chicago in 1854, and is 
the son of Frederick Schock, Sr., who died in July, 1871, and 
grandson of Adam Schock, who died in 1883, in Chicago, in his 
ninety-second year. Adam was one of the then two surviving 
members of the old Napoleon body-guard, and came to Chicago 
nearly forty years ago. Frederick, Jr., was educated in the city 
schools, graduating from the high-school in 1872, and at once com- 
menced the study of architecture in the office of Henry L. Gay, 
and remained with him eight years. In 1880, he went to Pullman, 
took charge of some of the buildings being erected, and opened an 
office, at No. 81 Clark Street, in 1882, where he still continues, 
lie is one of four surviving children of Frederick Schock, Sr., the 
names of the others being Fanny, Louisa, and Amelia. 

HKNKY IVKS Coi;n is a native of Brookline, Mass. He re- 
ceived his literary and scientific education at Harvard University, 
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and in Europe. After 
a thorough training, he entered the office of one of the leading 
architects in Boston, and from the beginning took a leading position 
among his fellow-craftsmen. In iSSi, he came to Chicago to 
superintend the construction of the Union Club- House, the plans 



74 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



of which he had prepared. The success he achieved in this work 
lies into such request, that he decided to locate in 
Chicago, and accordingly o|x.'ned an office and took Charles S. 
Frost into parlnership. Since then he has ranked anion^ the fore- 
most <>f the architects, not only here, hut anywhere in the \\i-st. 
Mr. Cobb married, in i-^-o y'lj.,., 1 ,,1111.1 M. Smith, daughter of 
the late Augustus !'. Smith, a prominent attorney of New York 
I'ity. They have two sons, Henry Ives, Jr., and Cleveland. 

I'll \KIKS S. KKOSI was horn at l.iwiston, Me., on M 
i^d. After having received an excellent education in the public 
schools, he entered an architect's office in l.ewiston, where he re- 
mained three years, and there gained a good practical knowledge of 
his present business. He then went to Boston, and entered the In- 
stitute of Technology there, and after finishing a special course of 
study at that institution, he was employed in several offices in the 
same city for three years. lie then engaged in business for him- 



Swit/erlaml, and attended the Polytechnic Institute, at Zurich, 
taking a thorough course of four years, and making every effon to 
Inc.. me proficient in architecture, the profession he had concluded 
to adopt. After closing his studies, he spent some in traveling, 
visiting points of interest in Kngland, Germany and France, with a 
special view of studying the different styles of architecture, and in- 
tending to make practical use of all the information he could gain, 
lie returned to Chicago, and entered the oltice of Kgan & Hill, and 
was with them when they were completing the new Court 1 1 onse. He 
afterward entered the service of J. A. McLennan, and remained as 
draughtsman for about three years, and in May, IHS4, he associated 
himself with I .ouis |. Schaub, and is at present doing business under 
the style of Schaub iV Berlin, in the Ashland Block, corner of Clark 
anil Randolph streets. lie is a member of the Western and Illi- 
nois stale Associations of Architects. He was married, in Chicago, 
in 1883, to Miss Agnes A. Dodge, daughter of George Dodge. 




(' - 



STATE STREET, NORTH FROM MADISON. 



self, meeting with remarkable success. In 1882, he came to Chi- 
i into partnership with Henry Ives Cobb. Mr. 
I- 11 ist was married, in this city, on January 7, 1885, to Miss Mary 
llughitt, daughter of Marvin Hughitt, general manager of the 
Chicago \- North-Western Railway. 

I ."i IS I. s. ii. u i; was born at Milwaukee, Wis., in 1857, and 
was educated at ( 'incinnati anil at Chicago. After closing his studies, 
he concluded to make architecture his siudy, and began at the 
bottom, learning the carpenter's trade, and afterward was engaged 
in the manufacture of wood-working machinery, working in both 
branches nearly four years. 1 luring this time, he spent his spare 
time in draughting, and kept preparing himself for his life-work. 
-73, he went into the office of Cast Chapman, tirst as draughts- 
man and afterward as foreman in his otfu-e. In 1880, he was en- 

I with the North Chicago Rolling Mills, had charge of the 
building department at South Chicago, and continued with them 
until I.SS3. In iss 4 , he associated with Robert C. Berlin, tinder 
the tinn style of Schaub & Berlin, of which he is Still a member. 
lie is a member of the Western and Illinois State Associations of 
Architects. ||i- was married, in Chicago, in June, 1)584 to Miss 
Fannie Moore. 

1:1 C. BKKI.IN was born at C.ranville, 111., in 1853. H e 
commenced his education in this country, but, in i>7;, went to 



GABRIEL ISAACSON is one of the rising young architects of Chi- 
cago, and has already made his mark as a' skilled designer Mr 
Isaacson was born at Farsund, Norway, on August 31 ?S 5 o His 
father, Lewis Isaacson, died when the son was an infant and the 
widow and orphan immigrated to America, locating at Chicago in 
he spring of 1861. Gabriel attended the common schools during 
his boyhood, but at an early age entered the office of K. S lenison 
architect. He remained with him until 1876, and then went into 
the office of John ( . ( Tehran, with whom he was connected for the 
greater portion of eight years. From an ordinary workman Mr 
Isaacson arose to the position of head assistant 'to Mr Cochran' 
and was regarded as a most valuable employe. In 1882 Mr Is-nc' 
son wa s secure(1 by Alexander Kirkland to assist in "architectural 
work upon the new City Hall, and after serving him for about one 
year returned to the office of Mr. Cochran, where he remained un- 

/Zi^f '^."T 1 " 1 '', 1 m " mh Mr ' ' Saa ' ;S " n established business 

H h 6 h , as , alrrad > d iP*d Pkas for a handsome 

t^t'T, H Co " Kre ^ tional Sodet y of Kvanston ; and in 

m a i f r^ thC f rS ' thereare testimonials of his skill as 

mtcu , the way of a number of beautiful residences and 

cottages. Mr Isaacson was married, on November 13 1880 to 

'Vri:;.'rt , k - K rr m - , They ^ three <**< 

" " t ' and Agnes Irene. 



RE- BUILDING OF CHICAGO. 



7S 



BUILDING TRADES. 

As an appendix to the architectural resume, it is but 
just that some mention should be made of those trades 
that were employed in forming the conceptions of the 
architect and rendering possible, as realities, his plans. 
To the enterprise of the builder and to the skill of the me- 
chanic, is Chicago indebted for her architectural beauty; 
for the hand is as necessary to execute, as the brain is 
to design, forms of taste, elegance and permanence. 

BRICK MANUFACTURERS. The growth of the manu- 
facture of brick in Chicago between the years 1870 and 
1880, is shown by the following statistics given in the 
United States Census Reports for those years. It is a 
matter for regret that in this department of the build- 
ing interests, as in so many others, no official compila- 
tion of statistics is made by the trade itself. There is 
no central bureau of information, and the only reliable 
data to be obtained is that gathered from the census re- 
turns, at intervals of ten years. In the following table, 
the figures given are for Cook County, no separate re- 
cord being tabulated for this city. It is not unfair, 
however, to assume that fully ninety per cent, of the 
entire product of the county is turned out by Chicago 
brick yards. 





AS 


Hands 








Value 


Year. 




Em- 


Capital. 


Wages. 


Material. 


of 




w-S 


ployed. 








Product. 


1870 


20 


1,093 


$3II,OOO 


$256,055 


$130,030 


$ 533,575 


1880* 


53 


1,655 


500,300 


560,665 


182,224 


1,014,200 



The percentage of increase in ten years in each of 
the items named above was as follows: 

In the number of establishments 165 per cent. 

In the number of hands 51 per cent. 

In the capital invested 61 per cent. 

In the wages paid _ 113 per cent. 

In the material used 40 per cent. 

In the value of the product 74 per cent. 

The foregoing figures are suggestive. The number 
of establishments was nearly trebled, while the increase 
in the number of hands employed was only 51 percent. 
This disparity is attributable to the introduction of im- 
proved machinery and its general use. The dispropor- 
tion between the increase in the number of employes 
and the amount of wages paid, is also noticeable, the 
latter being 113 per cent. This is not to be ascribed 
solely to the general advance of wages, but is in great 
part due to employment of a larger proportion of 
skilled laborers. Another variation in the percentages 
of increase is that between the cost of material and the 
value of the manufactured product; the increase in the 
former being but forty per cent., while that in the latter 
is seventy-four per cent. The reason for this is to be 
found, in a great measure, in the marked improvement 
in quality which characterized Chicago brick during 
the period named. More carefully selected and better 
material was employed; less limestone entered into 
the composition, and a harder, better-formed product 
was the result of the manufacturers' efforts. 

The greater part of the brick made here is that 
known as "Chicago common," and is pronounced by 
competent judges, both architects and practical build- 
ers, to be equal in quality to any common brick made 
in the country. The high prices demanded for Phila- 
delphia brick stimulated the manufacture of pressed 
brick, and no finer specimens of the latter description 

* Including tile makers. 



of building material are to be found in the world than 
are made in Chicago. Agencies of many of the leading 
manufacturers from other States are established here, 
however, and the use of pressed and ornamental brick 
for fronts is yearly increasing. The establishment of 
an extensive and well arranged permanent building 
exhibit, to which reference was made in the second 
volume of this work, has no doubt exerted a healthful 
influence on the trade and done not a little to incite 
emulation. 

A circumstance should not be lost sight of that 
has had an undoubted effect on the trade in brick in 
this city, viz.: Transition in architectural taste and 
style from the ornamentation of the Renaissance school 
to the severe simplicity of the Gothic. The latter calls 
for great solidity, and its ideas are best expressed in the 
massive walls of pressed brick to be seen on every side 
in the business quarters of the city, and in many private 
residences, wherein the utmost beauty is attained by 
the introduction of terra-cotta ornamentation. 

THOMAS MOULDING was born at Warrington, England, on 
December 13, 1825, and is the son of Thomas and Rachel (Bates) 
Moulding. In 1840, he was apprenticed to a machinist, and fol- 
lowed his trade in England, until 1851. In that year he came to 
Chicago, and was employed as a machinist for about eleven years. 
In 1862, he commenced the manufacture of brick in a moderate 
way, producing only about sixteen thousand a day during the first 
year. By the aid of his practical knowledge of machinery he has 
made meritorious improvements. His business has rapidly in- 
creased until he has three factories one in the city, one at Lake 
View, and one at Porter, Ind. each of which is supplied with 
steam machinery, the three engines aggregating one hundred and 
twenty-five horse -power. The capacity of the works in Indiana 
is three million common and five million pressed brick and at the 
the works in the city and Lake View twelve million common brick 
are made. He also manufactures about two million drain-tile 
annually, and has just commenced the manufacture of terra-cotta 
copings. He employs about three hundred men, and does a busi- 
ness of $200,000 annually. Mr. Moulding was married, on Sep- 
tember 27, 1857, to Miss Sarah Watkins, of Chicago. They have 
five children, Thomas C., Minnie R., Lizzie W., Joseph W. and 
Sarah P. 

HAYT & ALSIP. This firm of brick manufacturers and dealers 
was organized in 1872, by Henry C. Hayt and Frank Alsip. They 
have two large yards, supplied with steam power and all the appli- 
ances for making first-class building brick. They employ two hun- 
dred and fifty men, and turn out an average of twenty-five million 
brick per annum. 

Henry C. Hayt was born at Fishkill, Dutchess Co., N. Y., 
on May 9, 1831, and is the son of Henry D. and Jane (Berry) Hayt. 
After leaving the public schools, he attended Amenia Seminary un- 
til 1849. He was then engaged in farming until 1856, when he 
went to McGregor, Iowa, and entered into partnership with Oscar 
Burdick, under the firm name of Hayt & Burdick, lumber dealers. 
They carried on the business there until 1872, when he came to 
Chicago, and commenced the manufacture of brick with Frank 
Alsip, under the present firm name. Mr. Hayt was married on 
November 22, 1862, to Miss Sarah Harris, of Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 
They have one child, Margaret. . 

Frank Alsip was born at Pittsburgh, Penn., on November 7, 
1827, and is the son of William and Mary A. (Meeker) Alsip. 
When he was twelve years of age, he went to work in a brick yard 
at Pittsburgh, where he was employed about five years. He was 
then apprenticed to a bricklayer for three years, during which time 
he learned the trade in all its details. He was employed as a jour- 
neyman brick mason, in and about Pittsburgh, until 1849, when he 
went across the plains to the gold mines of California, and worked 
in the mines two years. He then went to St. Louis, Mo., where he 
was employed at his trade for about a year, and then he returned to 
Pittsburgh, and engaged in business as a builder and manufacturer 
of brick with A. H. McClellan & Alsip. This firm carried on the 
business four years, when it was dissolved, and Mr. Alsip removed 
to Prairie du Chien, Wis., where he engaged in the same business 
with his brother, under the firm name of Alsip Bros. They made 
brick and erected buildings in Wisconsin, Iowa, and Minnesota, 
until 1872, when he came to Chicago, where he formed a partner- 
ship with Henry C. Hayt, under the style of Hayt & Alsip, brick 
makers, which firm, last year, turned out more brick than any other 
firm in Chicago. lie is also in business with his son William H., 
under the firm name of F. & W. H. Alsip, brick manufacturers, 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



and is now 
lure of hri> 



,v fitting up one of the largest Cactorie* lor the manufac. 
llllt ick in the city. Much of the- machinery was invented a 

ned bv him, and will U- capable oi producing one hundred an 
twentv-tivc thousand first-class brick a day. He was married, i 
lamiarv. 1854, to Mi- Mary f. Smiley, of Pittsburgh. 

i.ildren; Jennie, William II., Frank I 1 ,., Maude, 



1 ami 
in 

They have 
Charles, 

and Millie. 

T \ | I) TniY This firm was organized in 1872, by 
Thomas and John 1). Tully. for the purpose of manufacturing and 





DEARBORN STREET, SOUTH FROM WASHINGTON. 



dealing in brick. Their yards are supplied with the most ap- 
proved machinery, and power is furnished by a steam engine of 
one hundred and fifty horse-power. They employ about two hun- 
dred and fifty men and seventy teams, ami manufacture about 
twenty millions of brick annually. They furnished the brick for 
the ol'd First National Bank P.iiilding, corner of State and Wash- 
ing! mi street*, one of the few buildings 10 withstand the fire of 1871. 
Since thai lire, they have supplied some of the brick for the new 
l;..ard of Trade Building; the Hiram Siblcy Building, on Clark 

t ; the Western Indiana Railroad Pcpot, on Polk Street; the 
I onnty I 'our! House, and many others throughout the city. 

Thomai Tally was born in Lower ( Irnnan, County of Tippe- 
rary, Ireland, on liecember 22, 1^34, and is the son of Thomas and 
|ulia (Runnion) Tully. His father immigrated to America in 1*30, 
and remained one year in Rochester, N. Y., when he removed te 



cerv stoic *m- - 

This business he 

Chicago in 1864, in connection with his 
other business. In 1872, he entered into 
partnership with his brother, and the 
present firm was organized. He was 
married, in November, 1862, to Miss 
Mary White, of Rochester, N. Y. They 
have the following children: Ada, Frank- 
lin, Mary A., John W., Julia M., Mag- 
gie, Thomas, Ellen, and Elizabeth. 

THE ILLINOIS I'KKSSKD BKICK COM- 
PANY was incorporated in February, 
1884, with a capital of $100,000. Its 
first officers were John T. McAuley, 
president; Arthur W. Penny, secretary; 
Willet 15. Jenks, treasurer ; and Frank 
T. Melcher, superintendent. The com- 
pany was organized for the purpose of 
manufacturing red pressed-brick. Their 
works are located at Blue Island, 111., 
and are supplied with steam power and 
the most approved machinery. They 
employ about eighty men, and their ca- 
pacity is fifty thousand brick a day. In 
May,' 1885, Mr. McAuley resigned the 
presidency in favor of Addison Ballard. 

John T. Mf.-lii/.'V, ex-president, was 
born on September 24, 1840, in Warren 
County, N. Y., and is the son of George 
and Mary (Miller) McAuley. He came 
to Chicago with his parents, in 1841, and 
subsequently attended the public schools 
until he was eighteen years of age. Af- 
ter finishing his studies, he was employed 
as a salesman in a boot and shoe store 
three years. In 1861, he entered the 
army as sergeant-major of the 55th Illi- 
nois' Infantry Volunteers. He was pro- 
moted to rank of second lieutenant of 
Co. "C,"then became captain of Co. 
" B," and afterward assistant adjutant- 
general of the First Brigade, Second 
Division, Fifteenth Army Corps. lie 
was wounded at the battle of Shiloh. 
In December, 1864, he was mustered 
out of the service. He was engaged in 
the wholesale boot and shoe business for 
a number of years. In 1880-82, he was 
connected with the Chicago, Texas & 
Mexican Central Railroad. lie then 
commenced the brick business, and or- 
ganized the present company. He is a 
member of Thomas J. Turner Lodge, 
No. 409, A.F. & A.M. Mr. McAuley 
was married, on November 20, 1866, to 
Miss Mary L. Sayrs, of Chicago. They 
have two children, Harriet S. and 
Henry S. 

Arthur W. Penny was born at Chi- 
cago, on May 23, 1850, and is the son of 
George W. and Laura M. (Wilson) Pen- 
ny. He was educated at the Northwestern University, F'vanston. In 
1876, he went to Providence, where he was connected with the Rum- 
ford Chemical Works. In 1882, he returned to Chicago, and engaged 
in the brick business, assisting in organizing the present company, 
of which he was elected secretary. He resides at Park Ridge, and 
is president of the board of village trustees, taking an active part in 
the affairs of the place. Mr. Penny was married, on May 15, 1873, 
to Miss Clara F. Wilson, of Providence. They have two children 
Edith G. and George W. 

(/iwjy II'. l\-nny, the father of Arthur W., came to Chicago 
in 1830. In 1848, with his father, John Penny, and his brother, 
A. J. Penny, he took an active interest in the brick business. A. J. 
died in 1849, and the father, of cholera, in 1850, when George W. 
succeeded to the business. At that time, this firm had the most ex- 
tensive brick yards in the city. In 1854, George W. made ten 



RE -BUILDING OF CHICAGO. 



79 



Thomas Sollitt withdrew from the firm, to superintend the construc- 
tion of buildings for Potter Palmer. On completion of the Palmer 
House, during 1874, he resumed business for himself, and, in 1882, 
he admitted his son into partnership, and the business has since 
been carried on under the firm style of Thomas Sollitt & Son. To 
Mr. Sollitt, Chicago is indebted for the erection of many handsome 




MONROE STREET. WEST FROM CLARK. 



business blocks and elegant private residences. In 1857, he was 
married to Miss Eleanor Nelson, of Fox Lake, 111. They have six 
children living. 

OLIVF.K N. Sau.rrr was born in Chicago on October 16, 1860, 
and is the son of Thomas and Eleanor (Xelson) Sollitt. After fin- 
ishing his studies in the city schools, he entered the office of James 
I Egan, where he studied architecture, and the knowledge thus ac- 
quired has been of no small advantage to the firm of which he is 
the junior member. 

:<;K SriiMiD is the son of John M. and Anna Margaret 
(Ilirsch) Schmid, and was born in Equarhofen (Mittel-Franken), 
Bavaria, Germany, on August 4, 1831. After leaving school he 
was apprenticed to a cabinet-maker at Wurtemburg, where he 

worked for two years; after which he traveled through Germany, western Railroad Depot, the Allen Paper Car-wheel Works (at 
visiting all the principal cities. In 1850 he went to New York, Pullman), the Adams Express Building Marshall Field's residence 
where he worked at the carpenter's trade until 1855, when he came Immanuel Baptist Church, College of Physicians and Surgeons' 
to Chicago. Here he worked as a journeyman carpenter for a year, Chicago Homeopathic College, and the Evanston High School' 
and then formed a partnership with Andrew Katz, under the firm Mr. Avers is a Knight Templar, belonging to Apollo Comman- 
name of Schmid \ Katz, contractors and builders. This firm did dery; and is also a member of the Dearborn Astronomical Society 
an extensive business until 1864, when they discontinued it, and He married, in 1853, Miss Emma Markham daughter of Thomas 
started a brewery, which was known as the Schmid, Katz & Markham, of England. They had three children Franklin George 
Leverenz Brewery, 'I his they continued until TS66, when Mr. and Cora Isabelle (deceased). The two sons are associated with 
Leverenz died, and the firm became Schmid & Katz, and was so their father in business, and have already earned for themselves the 



carried on until 1869, when Mr. Katz retired anil Mr. Putnam be- 
came a partner, the firm name being changed to Schmid & Putnam. 
The latter firm continued the business up to the time of the great 
fire in 1871, when their entire works were destroyed. Mr. Schmid 
then resumed his old trade, and, in 1872, entered into partnership 
with Frank Schubert, under the firm name of Schmid & Schubert, 
contractors and builders. They did a 
very extensive business until the partner- 
ship was dissolved in 1876, since which 
time Mr. Schmid has been in business 
alone. During his connection with the 
building trade, he was engaged for two 
years in the sale of yellow pine lumber. 
Mr. Schmid has been one of the most 
prominent German builders and con- 
tractors of the city. Among the build- 
ings which stood as monuments of his 
skill before the fire may be named Bryan 
I lull, Trinity Church and the North Side 
Turner Hall. Since the fire, he has 
erected Brand's Hall, Michael Seiben's 
brewery, a six-story block for E. \Y. 
Blatchford, and the chemical works of 
Machias Chappel. He was married on 
August 22, 1852, to Miss Caroline Me- 
lecker, of New York City. They have 
one son, Godfrey. 

JOHN M. DUNPHY was born at 
Utica, N. Y., on October 2, 1834, and 
is the son of Martin Dunphy who was 
a prominent builder of that city. He 
was given a good common school edu- 
cation, and at the age of sixteen began 
to learn the trade of mason and con- 
tractor, serving an apprenticeship of four 
years. In 1854, he came West, and 
worked at his trade in various cities until 
1858, when he located at Chicago, which 
has since been his home. He at once 
formed a partnership with a Mr. Moss 
in the contracting and building line, and 
continued with him until 1863, since 
which time he has been alone. Among 
the many prominent structures now ex- 
isting as memorials of Mr. Dunphy's 
work, may be mentioned the Cathedral 
of the Holy Name, St. James's Church, 
the residences of George M. Pullman 
and B. P. Moulton, St. Denis Hotel, 
and many others. For years past he has 
taken an active interest in politics, and is 
known as an earnest but consistent dem- 
ocrat. In 1879, he was nominated for 
the office of collector of the West Town 
and was elected by a decided majority, 
and in the spring of 1883 was re-elected. 
Mr. Dunphy is married to Miss Mary 
Doyle, daughter of J. Edward Doyle, 
of this city. They have had four chil- 
dren, three sons and one daughter, but 
of these there is but one son living, 
John J., who is in business with his 
father. 

FREDERICK HENRY AVERS was born at Buffalo, N. Y., on 
October 3, 1831. His parents were from Germany, and at the date 
just mentioned had only been in this country a short time. His 
father, John Avers, was a contractor and builder, and was for many 
years prominent in that line of business at Buffalo. Frederick, as he 
grew to man's estate, also adopted the same calling, which he suc- 
cessfully pursued in his native city until 1859. In that year he 
went to Pike's Peak, but found that region too wild and unsettled, 
so he returned and located in this city, which has since been his 
home. In the building of Chicago, up to the time of the fire, and 
in its re-building since that event, Mr. Avers has taken a prom- 
inent part. Among the buildings he has erected may be mentioned 
the Sherman House, the Palmer House, before the fire; the North- 
western Railroad Depot, the 



So 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



idencc and esteem of their associates in commercial circles. 
On January 14, 1^71., Mrs. Avers died. I In \o\cmbcr In, 1877, 
Mr. A\ers married Miss F.li/a |anc Parker, daughter of George 
Parker. ,,f Buffalo, N. V. 

J"U\ \V. Kin* was liurn ai llarrisburg. IVnn.,on April 22, 
1836, and is the son of Rupert I-', and Sarah (Ogle) Reid. When 
sixteen years old he went in Philadelphia, and learned the carpen- 
ter's trade, working there four years, when he returned to llarris- 
burg. still continuing in his old employment. In iSfxi, he came to 
Chicago, and wnrkeil about twn years as a journeyman carpenter, 
and then formed a partnership with John Heaven, under the tirm name 
of Beagen \ Reid, contractors and builders. At the end of two years 
the firm was dissolved, and he continued in business alone until 1882. 
In the latter year, he entered into partnership with Franklin II.Kickett, 
under the linn name of Reid .V Fickctt, and so continued nnti 

Mr. Reid has been extensive!} engaged as a builder in Chicago for 
over twenty years. He erected the line residences of \V. 1). Cur- 
tis. Dr. K. 'N. Hale, William Gates, C. I), llaldwin, John II. 
Wrunn, and many others, in all parts of the city and suburbs. lie 
employs from twenty to lifty men, and does a business of about 
mualiy. Sir. Reid was married, on September 7, 1858, 
to Miss Caroline I). Clark, of llarrisburg, I'enn. They have live 
children, Jane I-'., Anna 1.., ]'.. Alice, Frank A., and Mary M. 
He is a member of Dearborn lodge. No. 310, A.I-'. iV A.M., 
and also of Kclipse Lodge. No. jnj, l.o.O.F. 

DVMFI. FKANCIS CUM I.V, contractor and builder, was born at 
Mercersburg, Franklin Co., I'enn., on October 14, 1838, and learned 
his trade from his father, John I). Crilly. At seventeen years of 
age. he went to work with John Wilson, a leading contractor of his 
nati\e town, and with him came West in iSM,, locating at Iowa 
City, where Mr. Crilly remained until he had attained his twenty- 
first year. He then went to St. Louis, where he began business on 
his own account. In iSdl, he came to Chicago, and for several 
'd in the packing trade, lie then returned to his 
former occupation, and has since taken a prominent part in the 
building interests of this city. Specimens of his work exist in the 
Methodist Church Block, the Roonc block, and scores of large 
wholesale buildings. In addition to this work, Mr. Crilly has also 
always taken an active interest in social matters and in all affairs look- 
ing to the moral and mental growth of our city. lie has been an 
honored member of the Masonic fraternity for the past twenty 
: is now a member of Apollo Commandery, No. i, K..T., of 
Oriental Consistory, S.P.R.S., 32, and also of the Union League 
Club. lie married, in isd;, Miss Kli/abcth Snyder, daughter of 
Snyder, of Ft. London, 1'enn. She is a lady of culture anil 
worth, and delights in charitable work. She is at present an ofticcr 
of the Woman's Hospital, besides being interested in and a con- 
tributor to various other philanthropic institutions. Mr. and Mrs. 
Crilly have six children, Erminie, attending college at lackson- 
ville. III.; George, now taking a commercial course at Notre 
Dame; Kranklin Kddic. Isabel, Oliver and Daniel, at home, acquir- 
ing their preparatory education. Mr. and Mrs. Crilly are members 
of the Plymouth Congregational Church. 

FRANCIS .V.si.u was born in Dundee, Scotland, on Decem- 
ber 7, 1837. In 1851, he came to Chicago, landing in this city in 
September, and took up his abode with an uncle, Charles O'Conner, 
a builder and contractor. He immediately apprenticed himself to 
his uncle, to learn the carpenter's trade, and almost the first work 
he did was on the old Franklin school-house, which was destroyed 
in tn < 7 ' He remained in the employ of his uncle about 

two years, when he began work as a journeyman, continuing in 
that capacity until 1857. In the fall of that year, he entered the 
paid lire department, which was organized about that time, having 
been previously a member of the volunteer force. He ass'isted in 
the organization of the Firemen's Benevolent Association, of which 
he was for years the presiding officer. In 1865, he resigned his 
position in the lire department, and began to actively engage in the 
business of building. Among the memorials now standing of Mr. 
Aguew'a work, may be mentioned the Xormal School building, 
v's Theater, and St. Xavier's Academy. He also superin- 
tended the innstructionof the present City Hall building. In 1874, 
Mi Vgnew was nominated for sheriff of'Cook County, by the peo- 
ple's party, and was elected by a majority that abundantly attested 
his popularity. He is a member of the National Land League \s- 
tion, the National Temperance Society (of which heVas at 
one time president), and of many other Organizations. Mr. Agnew 
married, on June 14, [860, Miss Fllen O'Ncil, daughter of the late 
Mich.n an early settler of Chicago. Mrs. Agnew was 

born .on January 2, 183.), was educated in the schools 

of this city, ami is a lady of fine attainments and of the most esti- 
charactcr. Mr. and Mrs. Agnew have eight children, John 
Francis, who are associated with their father in business' 
Mari i. 1 lien, Michael I.. Thomas, Edward and Charles. 

.l'"i s ' I 'i iv. ,v Co. This firm of contractors and builders, 
and lumber merchants, was originally established in i$d<>, by Frank 



Moninger, August Schrenk and John Kirwan, on Indiana Street, 
near Kingsbnry, in the manufacture of sash, doors, blinds, frames, 
mouldings, etc'., and carpenter work. In a short time they were 
necessitated, by their large business, to seek more commodious 
quarters, which resulted in the erection of their factory at Nos. 32- 
38 Indiana Street. Being located in the midst of lumber yards, in 
order to accommodate their business, they erected also a planing 
mill, wherein they manufactured all descriptions of lumber utilized 
by carpenters. A short time subsequently, the firm was changed to 
Thompson, Moninger & Schrenk, Mr. Thompson having bought 
out Mr. Kirwan's interest; they then commenced the contracting 
and building business, which heretofore they had not done. The 
firm afterward was changed to Reese, Moninger & Schrenk, Fred- 
erick Reese having purchased Mr. Thompson's interest, and re- 
maining a member of the firm until iSfxj, when he sold his interest 
to Schrenk iv. Moninger, and then Mr. Diez, who had commenced 
contracting and building in 1867, bought an interest, and the firm 
name was changed to John L. Diez & Co. This firm continued busi- 
ness until the great fire of 1871 destroyed their whole establishment. 
In the course of a few months they re-built their factory with larger 
and more comprehensive facilities, and had got their business into 
good running order again, when it was destroyed by fire in August, 
1872, which obliterated everything on their grounds and necessi- 
tated the dissolution of the old firm. In 1873, John L. Diez and 
Frank Moninger entered into a co-partnership, under the old 
name of John L. Diez \ Co., and erected a factory two stories in 
height, and having an area sixty by one hundred and twenty-five 
feet, at Nos. 282-88 Hawthorne Avenue. During 1879, Frank 
Moninger retired from the firm, placing his interest in the hands of 
his son, J. C. Moninger, who then, with J. L. Diez, retained the 
business until 1880, when J. G. Ottmann purchased one-quarter 
operating interest from J. C. Moninger. This firm not only trans- 
acts a comprehensive business as lumber merchants and in the 
manufacture of lumber, but also does an extensive trade in the car- 
penter, contracting and building line, employing about one hun- 
dred men on the average. 

KciiiiNsiix & MINOR. This firm of contractors and builders 
was organized in May, 1881, by John C. Robinson and Anderson 
Minor, two young men of energy and ability, who are fully com- 
petent to build anything that may be required, as many of the fine 
business houses and elegant private residences erected by them in 
the city will demonstrate. Some of these are the Skinner Block, 
Taylor lilock, Hurke's Building, and the college building at Lake 
Forest. During the last two years they built and completed the 
tunnel for the Hyde Park water-works, as well as many other 



notable structures. 




in 1851, to Akron, Ohio, where John learned the carpenter's trade 
from his father, who was a carpenter and builder, for whom he 
worked several years. He learned the profession of an architect 
in Detroit, Mich., and, in 1870, came to Chicago and followed his 
profession until 1873, when he engaged, on his own account in 
contracting and building until 1881, when he formed the present 
partnership. He married, in 1879, Miss Marie Tourtelotte of 
Philadelphia, I'enn. They have two children, Edna and Roy II 
Anderson M,n,,,; contractor and builder, is the son of "William 
and Mercy (Anderson) Minor, and was born in Cleveland Ohio on 
January 31, 1840. He was partially educated in his native city 
his finishing studies being taken at Hiram College. Ohio under the 
tuition of the late President Garfield. At the age of fifteen, he left 
school and learned the trade of a mason, at which he worked until 
about 1860, when he went to Toledo, Ohio, and commenced busi- 
ness as a contractor and builder on his own account. During his 
residence of some thirteen years in that city, he erected all the most 
prominent buildings there. In 1871, he came to Chicago, and en- 
tered into partnership with J. R. Trumbull, which firm existed until 
IB, ? , and building, during that time, the Hamlin & Hale Building 
and many others. In 1875, he entered into partnership with P | 
Sexton, under the firm name of Sexton * Minor, which continued 




Courthouse; and while a member of the firm, and as superinteml- 
and private resid"^ - ' buildin g. of many fine business blocks 



in the city and suburbs. In May, 1880, he 




mdr ' '- e -ter Msons 

l.uilders Association of Chicago. Mr. Minor was married, 



RE -BUILDING OF CHICAGO. 



on August 24, 1881, to Miss Minnie Alice Fair. They have two 
children, Alice ( leraldine and Milton Leroy. 

THE CAMPHKI.I. BROTHERS' MAMTACI TRIM; COMPANY was 
originally organized in 1873, by Murdoch and Alexander Campbell, 
under the firm name of Campbell Brothers, for the purpose of doing 
a general contracting and building business and for manufacturing 
all kinds of wood material. They carried on the trade and continued 
the firm until 1874, when they admitted William McKae as a part- 
ner, and the firm name was changed to Campbell Bros. & Co., 
which existed until 1878, when Mr. McKae retired, and they re- 
sumed the name of Campbell Brothers. In January, iSSi, it was 
incorporated under its present name, with a capital sti >rk i if S'j5,ooo. 
The officers of the company are Murdoch Campbell, president ; 
Alexander Campbell, vice-president and superintendent ; Hiram T. 
laculis, secretary and treasurer. They have always had a large and 
prosperous trade, and many substantial business houses and elegant 
private residences, erected or fitted up 
by them, testify to their ability and skill 
for doing fine and substantial work. A 
few of these an- the residences of Judge 
Skinner, f. C. Bullock, (. Medill, A. 1 
Kirkwood, F. H. Hill, J. H. Witbeck, 
and others in all parts of Chicago and 
its suburbs. Their business has steadily 
increased year by year, until now they 
have a large factory run by steam power 
and filled with the latest and most im- 
proved machinery. They employ from 
one to two hundred men, and do a busi- 
ness exceeding $300,000 annually. 

Muntoch Campbell, president, was 
born in 1'rescott County, Canada, on 
February 15, 1841, and is the son of 
John anil Christi;ina(McCrmimon (Camp- 
bell. \Vhen he was sixteen years old, 
he left Canada and came to Chicago, and 
learned the carpenter's trade from Ilcc- 
ney >V Campbell, contractors and build- 
ers. He worked for them .many yr:ux 
during the last seven having charge of 
their work and being foreman in their 
factory, and thoroughly qualified himself 
in all branches of the trade, thereby pe- 
culiarly fitting himself for carrying on 
the large and prosperous business of 
which he is at present the head. He 
belongs to the Masonic fraternity, and 
is a member of Pleiades Lodge, No. 478, 
A.F.&A.M.; Wiley M. Egan Chapter, 
No. 126, R.A.M.; and Chicago Com- 
mandery, No. 19, K.T. Mr. Campbell 
was married on January 30, 1867, to 
Miss Jeanette B. Caldwell, of Bloom, 
111. They have four children, Archi- 
bald M., Abigail K., M. Josephine and 
John Albert. 

M KLXMKTX. & KII.EM;EK<;EK. This 
firm of contractors, builders, and manu- 
facturers of sash, doors, blinds and 
mouldings was organized in 1879, by 
Conrad Steinmet/ and Herman Eilen- 
berger, to continue the business origi- 
nally established by Steinmet/. A: Sim- 
mons as manufacturers of sash, doors, 
and blinds, and to carry on building and 
contracting in connection with their mill. 
The present firm do a large business 
both as builders and manufacturers 
They have erected many fine buildings 
in all parts of the city, a few of which 
are the Beidler Block, the C. B. Carter 
Block, the Heisler \- Junge Block, and 
W. M. Hoyt's buildings. They fitted 
up the Exposition Building for the May 
Festivals of 1882 and 1884. They fitted 
up the same building for the National 
Republican Convention, and remodeled 
it for the National Democratic Conven- 
tion, and completed the Grand Opera Hall for Chicago's first Grand 
Opera Festival. They employ about three hundred men, and do a 
business of $500,000 annually. 

L'onniii Sti-iiniii-h was born in Germany, on. July 13, 1839, and 
is the son of Samuel and Martha (BrSutigam) Stcinmetz. In 1854, 
he came to America, remaining about one year in the City <>f New 
York, and then going to Springfield, Mass : ., wlu-r lie learned his 



trade and was employed, as an apprentice, in a sash and blind fac- 
tory until 1861, when he returned to New York City After work- 
ing there about a year he removed to Hartford, Conn., where he 
worked at his trade in a sash and blind factory for three years. In 
1865, he came to Chicago, and took charge of a similar factory for 
Parker & Stearns, which he managed for four years ; then was with 
Allen & Bartlett about a year; after which he was with the Garden 
City Manufacturing Company until 1874, when he entered into 
partnership with Conrad Simmons in the manufacture of sash, 
doors, and blinds. At the end of three years, the firm was cli>- 
solved. and he did business one year by himself, when the present 
partnership was established. .Mr. Steinmet/ is a member of 
Germania Lodge, No. 182, A.F. cS: A.M. Mr. Steinmet/ was 
married, on January 29, 1865, to Miss Hermina Kleinecke, of 
Hartford, Conn. They have live children, John, Henry, Rose, 
Minnie and Ella. 




LA SALLE STREET, NORTH FROM MADISON. 



Herman Eilcnlvrgcr was born in Germany, near Leipzig, on 
April 23, 1845, and is the son of Charles A. and Eleanor (Winter) 
Eilenberger. In 1859, he learned the trade of a carpenter in Leip- 
zig, where he worked three years ; then attended the 1'olytechnical 
School, during which time he learned the business of an architect, 
lie spent five years traveling through Europe. In 1869, he com- 
menced work at his trade in Berlin, where lie remained until 1872, 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



when he came to Chicago, and was foreman for Charles Utesch, 
a contractor ami builder, tor about a year; then was in partnership 
with him a short time ; after which he did business as a contractor 
on his own account, until I>7<), when he became a member of the 
present linn. While he was in business alone, he built the 
Lutheran Church (in 1^74), a church at Cooper's drove, near Ilome- 
(TOOd, and many other buildings in the city and suburbs. lie was 
married, on January Jo, i.s;ii. io Miss Kli/abeth Knapp, of Chi- 
cago. l'he\ have tour children, Theresa, I.illie, Alma and Ilenrv. 
FKANK I). RI.YNOI.I.S was born at New York City, on May 
is, 1*4.), and is the son of 1!. \Y. and Mary (Wane) Reynolds. 
When he was about live years of age, his parents moved to Mil- 
waukee, Wis., where they remained two years, and then moved to 
IScloit, Wis. In iSsi), they came to Chicago atx! two years after- 
ward moved to Whitesides County, III. In 18(15, Mr. Reynolds 
went to Clinton, Iowa, and learned the carpenter's trade, working 
at it three years, when he was employed building depots and sta- 
tions on the line of the Union 1'acilic Railroad. He resided 
some time in California, and returned to Clinton in 1869, where he 
remained at his trade about a year. Returning to Chicago in 1872, 
he was employed as a journeyman carpenter until 1875, when he 
.;ed in business as a contractor and builder on his own account. 
For six years he confined himself almost entirely to the building of 
stairs; among others he constructed the stairs in the retail store .if 
Marshall Field \ Co., those in the McNeil Block, in the Kentucky 
Block, in the Major Block, in the Fuller Block, and many others in 
different parts of the city. He engaged in general building in 
1881, and fitted up his shop with fine machinery, and now itami- 
factures all his material anil fancy wood-work, lie has built many 
tine business blocks and private residences in all parts of the city 
and suburbs, some of which are the Johnson Block, the Silverman 
t, the C reman Block, the Lakeside Skating Rink, the Manual 
Training School, the Rosalie Music Hall and all the residences on 
Rosalie Court, near the South 1'ark Station on the Illinois Central 
Railroad. He keeps one hundred and twenty-live men in his employ, 
an;l does a business of $250,000 annually. He is a member of 
Landmark Lodge, No. 422, A.K. ,V A.M., and of Fairview 
Chapter, No. i()i, R.A.M. Mr. Reynolds was married on April 
if), IS;!, i,, Miss Julia N. 1 'arrow,' of Beloit, Wis. They have 
two children, Carrie E. and Fred. L. 

AM, is tV GINDKI.K. This firm of general contractors and 
builders was formed, by John Angus and Charles \\ . Gindele, in 
November, iSSi, to succeed that of Allen, Angus & Gindele, 
which firm was in existence less than a year, having completed but 
one large building, the freight houses for the Chicago, Burlington 
\ (Juincy Railroad. Both members of the new tirm are young 
men who have thoroughly learned their trade in all its branches, 
being the sons of old and experienced contractors, and have suc- 
d far beyond their most sanguine expectations. In the year 
1882, they built the Chicago, Burlington & Ouincy Railroad round- 
house, Potter Palmer's line residence, and the Hobbs Building. The 
latter is a six-story building, which they commenced on November 
7, and completed in forty working days. In 1883, they built the 
Potter Palmer apartment houses and French flats on North State 
Street, a large warehouse on the northeast corner of Clinton and 
Fulton streets, the elegant residence of C. T. Yerkes, Jr.; during 
the year 1884, they built the Abraham Knisely factory, the Grand 
Trunk Railroad freight house, the abutments and center pier for the 
Chicago cV Western Indiana Railroad bridge across the Calumet 
River, and the piers for the viaducts over the railroad tracks in the 
Town of Cicero. They were also contractors on the City Hall. 

/,>/;;; .;;.> is the son of John and Elizabeth (Ganson) Angus, 
of Scotland, where he was born on February io, 1845. After com- 
pleting his studies, he learned the cut-stone trade from his father, 
who was a cut-stone contractor and also superintendent of a stone 
quarry. He left Scotland in 1866, and went to England, where he 
remained about a year, after which he came to America, stopping in 
the City of New York, where he worked at his trade until the 
spring of 1872, when he came to Chicago, where he has since resided. 
he was engaged in business with his brother William, as Will 
liam \ J. Angus, cut-stone contractors, until 1875; after which year 
he was in business for himself up to the time the firm of Allen, Angus 
<V I iindele was organized. During the period he was in business for 
himself, he had contracts on the new City Hall, Palmer House 
and Douglas Monument. He had charge of the 
setting of the cut-stone work on the Custom House, from 1877 to 
1-7-1. He is a member of Lakeside Lodge, No. 739, A.F \ \ 
M.; York Chapter, No. 148, R.A.M., and a charter member of 
Chevalier Bayard Commandery, No. 52, K.T. He was married 
on November 9, 1871, to Miss Agnes Jackson, of the City of New 
York. They have three children, John, Esther and William. 

>/,:< II'. (;;>!,/:/, is the son of John G. and Louisa (Heisch- 
heim) Gindrle, and was born in Bavaria, Germany, on April 19 
1847. 1 1 is father was a cut-stone contractor, who' immigrated to 
America in 1850, and came to Chicago in 1852, where he died in 



January, 1872. Johji ( ). took an active part in public affairs, hav- 
ing been a member of the first Board of Public Works of the city, 
occupying the position of president of the Hoard for seven years, 
during which period the tunnels of Washington and LaSalle streets 
and the water-works were constructed; at the time of his death he 
was county clerk of Cook County. C'harles W. learned his trade 
from his father, for whom he worked until the spring of 1863, 
when he enlisted in Co. "G," 8th Illinois Cavalry Regiment, with 
which he served until the close of the War. He then accepted a 
bridge-construction position on the Union Pacific Railroad, under 
L. B. Boomer, and was connected with the building of all the 
bridges on the road between Fremont and the looth meridian. In 
1866, he returned to Chicago, ami engaged in business with his 
father, under the firm name (it J. G. Gindele ..V Son, cut-stone con- 
iraciors. He had entire charge of the construction of the Court 
I louse, at Bloomington; was also connected with the construction 
of the Tribune Building, this city, and with its re-building after 
the lire; and had contracts for the cut-stone work on the Reaper 
Block, Galbraith Block and Kohn and McCormick buildings. In 
1^79, they sold out the entire business to Tait & Ralston, after 
which he was by himself in business until the formation of the 
present tirm. He is also president of the Franz Gindele Printing 
Co. He was married, on March 26, 1880, to Miss Lucy E. Ash, 
of Amboy, 111. 

HF.N'KV DIHIII.KK. In January, 1873, William R. and John S. 
Gould and Henry Dibblee, under the firm name and style of Gould 
Brothers & Dibblee, established themselves in business at Nos. 
149-51 State Street. Previous to that time, the Gould Brothers 
had been in the wholesale grocery business, and were also manufac- 
turers of linseed oil. They were burned out in the great fire of 
1871, but shortly afterward resumed and continued in business 
until the dissolution of partnership, which took place in 1878. In 
this year, Mr. Dibblee removed to Nos. 274-78 Wabash Avenue, 
remaining there until, in 1881, he established himself at his present 
location, Nos. 266-68 on the same thoroughfare. Here, Mr. Dib- 
blee deals extensively in all kinds of ornamental ironwork, foun- 
tains, vases, statuary, cemetery work, pillars and lamps and rustic 
furniture. In addition, he handles tiles of all kinds ; in this and 
others of his specialties, his house ranks as the largest anywhere in 
the West. The territory covered by his trade extends over ail the 
Western States to the Pacific slope, south to the Gulf, and east into 
the Canadas. Shortly after establishing himself in business, Mr 
Dibblee took the agency for a justly celebrated English tile, and is 
now the only direct importer in the United States of these goods. 
He is agent also for Maw & Co., the well-known manufacturers of 
Broseby, England; for the American encaustic tile; and for the cel- 
ebrated Low tile, made by G. F. & J. F. Low, of Chelsea, Mass. 
A suite of three rooms in his newly-arranged entresol is devoted to 
a display of these articles, and is an attractive feature of his sales- 
rooms. The tile business has grown very rapidly in the West ; and 
especially in this city, within the past few years, it has shown a 
wonderful increase. In 1881, Mr. Dibblee became the agent for 
the Fair Haven Mantel Company, of Fair Haven, Mass, and is 
now doing the largest business in this branch of his trade of any 
dealer in the West. He at present employs forty men, and does an 
annual trade of $200,0003 most satisfactory increase over that 
done when the business was first established. 

JLm-y Dibbles was born at New York City, on August 28 
1840 His father, E. R. Dibblee, was one of the oldest merchants 
and dry goods importers of that city. Henry was therefore 
trained in this business, after having completed his education at the 
age of eighteen. He first worked as a clerk in his father's store 
and was finally made a partner in the business, and so continued 
until, in the fall of 1872, he came to this city, and, in January of 
the following year, founded the house of which he is still the head 
and the history of which has already been given Mr Dibblee was 
married on November 26, 1873, to Miss Laura Field, daughter of 
John Field, oif Conway, Mass. They have two children.-Bertha 




T- -n e v~ij*vM;i a uauc irom D1S uncle, 

lappm Reeve for whom he worked until 1852, when he formed a 
partnership w,th him, under the firm name of Reeve & Swezev 

j; j i_ . F * % 



gather for seven years^when to 







RE -BUILDING OF CHICAGO. 



large business in manufacturing his improved dumb-waiters for 
dwellings. He employs from lifteen to twenty men in this business. 
Ho was married on March 25, 1844, to Miss Elizabeth !'. 1'ell, of 
lirooklyn, X. Y. They have live children, John A., Tappin R., 
Clarence, Ida T., and Horace !'.. 

C.ikXKi.irs C. CHAMM KK was born at Concord, N. II., on 
July 13, 1837, and is the son of Jeremiah and Mercy (Merrill) 
Chandler. His parents removed to Boston, when he was about 
four years old. In 1851, he learned the carpenter's trade, working 
at it three years, and then he was engaged in building churches in 
the State of New York for seven years. In 1861, he commenced 
business in Boston as a contractor and builder on his own account, 
and carried it on until 1864, when he enlisted in Co. " C," iSsth 
New York Infantry, serving until the close of the War. He was 
mustered out in 1865, and came to Chicago, where he entered into 
partnership with A. I,, Gooding, under the linn name of Hooding 
>V Chandler, carpenters and builders. In 1870, the linn was dis- 
solved, and Mr. Chandler has since carried on the business alone. 
He has done a large amount of building and repairing in the south- 
ern part of the city. He built many line residences, among which 
may be named those of (.). W. Guthrie and A. C. Hurlbut, and has 
remodeled the residences of A. A. l.il.by and A. McNeil. In 1881, 
he opened a store, and stocked it with a full line of stoves, shelf and 
builder's hardware, which he runs in connection with his trade. He 
employs on an average twenty men in his business. He is a mem- 
ber of Home Lodge, No. 508, A.F.& A.M., and of Chicago Chap- 
ter, No. 127, R.A.M. Mr. Chandler was married, on July I, 1856, 
to Miss Ann Eliza Dcnnick, of Syracuse, N. Y., and has six child- 
ren, Alfonso I.., I-.iwrence O., Ellen Elizabeth, Lillian Leuthera, 
Cornelius Lincoln, and Flora May. 

F<p\vi.KK c.V CARR. This lirm of contractors and builders was 
established in 1866, by Charles C. Fowler and ( George Carr. They 
have done a large and prosperous business, and have erected main- 
elegant residences in Chicago, Hyde Park, and elsewhere, among 
which may be mentioned one for V. A. Hibbard on Lake Avenue, 
n ( lakwooil Avenue and Brooks Street; three for R. W. 
Dunham, on Lake Avenue, near Thirty-ninth Street ; two for Ed- 
ward Silvey; two for Mrs. Clark on Ellis Avenue ; one for C. H. 
Fowler, at Winona, 111. They also remodeled Farwel! Hall. They 
employ about twenty-live men, and do a business of 60,000 annually. 

Charles C. l-\<-,i>lci' was born at Kingston, Canada, on Novem- 
ber II, 1840, and is the son of Samuel B. and Christena (McTavish) 
Fowler. He learned the carpenter's trade at Kingston, and worked 
at it there about seven years. In 1862, he went to Scotland, where 
he was employed at his trade and where he learned the profession 
of an architect. In 1864, he moved to London, England, remain- 
ing one year, when he returned to Canada. In 1866, he came to 
Chicago, and engaged in the building business with George Carr, 
as a member of the present firm. He is a member of Landmark 
Lodge, No. 424, A.F. & A.M". Mr. Fowler was married, on 
June 16, 1869, to Miss Frances Carr, of Kingston, Canada. They 
have five children, Gordon, Herbert, Mary, Susie, and Bessie. 

<i,'i-^c C,?rr was born at Kingston, Canada, on June 24, 1843, 
and is the son of George and Mary (Kemp) Carr. He learned the 
carpenter's trade, when he was fourteen years old, from his father, 
who was a contractor and builder at Kingston. After working at 
the trade about live years, he commenced business for himself, 
which he followed until i860, when he came to Chicago and entered 
into partnership with Charles C. Fowler. Mr. Carr was married, 
on June 16, 1869, to Miss Elizabeth Ann Lark, of Kingston, Can- 
ada. They have three children, Bertha M., Georgie E. and 
Ralph L. 

FKKDERICK C. HEATH was born at Windsor, Broome Co., N. 
Y., on December 14, 1833, and is the son of Asa and Mercy (Cone) 
Heath. He came to Chicago in 1851, and after clerking one year 
in the store of his brother, Francis C. Heath, was employed in 
steamboating on the Mississippi and Missouri rivers until 1861, 
when he returned to Chicago. He was engaged one year in lum- 
bering, and was then employed by Newton Chapin in bridge-build- 
ing about three years. He worked about a year with L. B. Boomer, 
and thjen with C. E. Fuller, building bridges in Tennessee. In 
1867, he returned to Chicago, and commenced business on his own 
account as a carpenter and builder, since which time he has been 
actively engaged in the trade. He built a fine residence on Forty- 
seventh Street, in Hyde Park, for N. S. Bouton; six houses for F. 
II. Winston, on Division Street; six houses for Judge Waite, three 
for Mrs. R. M. Dorman, and many others in ail parts of the city 
and suburbs. Mr. Heath was married, on February 10, 1880, to 
Mrs. Jennie Lee, of Broome County, New York. 

WILLIAM G. WADDEI.I. was born at Oallipolis, Gallia Co., Ohio, 
on November 25, 1822, and is the son of James and Temperance 
(Cunningham) Waddell. His parents removed to Crawfonlsville, 
Ind., in 1.131, where they remained two years, and then moved to 
Michigan City, Ind. In 1840, they settled at Freeport, 111. Mr. 
Waddell learned the carpenter's trade from his father, who was a 



carpenter and builder, and engaged in business at Freeport, on his 
own account, in 1842, where he followed it until 1871, when he 
came to Chicago, and formed a partnership with George Renn, un- 
der the firm name of Renn iY Waddell, contractors. In 1879, tne 
firm was dissolved, since which time he has been in business by 
himself. He has been an extensive builder, and has erected a large 
number of fine residences in the city. He built sixty for Jerome 
Beecher, on Indiana, Calumet, Forest, and Prairie avenues, be- 
tween Thirty-third and Thirty-fifth streets. In 1883, he built one 
hundred elegant residences in Chicago, these being only a few of 
the many he has erected. He belongs to the Masonic fraternity, 
and has taken all the degrees up to and including the thirty-second. 
Mr. Waddell was married, on November 25, 1879, to Miss Elsie 
Crockett, of Chicago. 

JOHN NKWI.H '1ST was born in Wexio, Sweden, on December 
12, 1848, and is the son of Peter and Christine (Benson) Newquist. 
When tw'elve years of age, he commenced to learn the trade of a 
carpenter and cabinet-maker, and worked at it until 1869, in which 
year he came to America, and settled in Minneapolis, Minn., where 
he worked for a short time. In 1871, he moved to Chicago, and 
was employed by the National School Furniture Company, in the 
manufacture of school-desks. In 1875, he commenced business as a 
stair-builder on his own account. He now employs from twenty-five 
to fifty men, and does a business of $100,000 annually. He built 
ninety-two nights of hardwood stairs for John V. Farwell & Co.'s 
wholesale store, at a cost of $25,000. He constructed the stairs for 
Mandel lirothers, on State Street; for the Imperial Building, on 
Clark Street; for the residence of John Y. Farwell; for four houses 
of Potter Palmer, and many others in all parts of the city. He was 
married, on April 14, 1882, to Miss Jennie Conklin, of Dubuque, la. 

HOWTIM; .S; CI<"\YHIKST. This firm of contractors and 
builders was established, in 1881, by James II. Howling and 
Charles C. Crowhurst, for the purpose of doing a general contract- 
ing and building business. Although the firm is young, both 
members of it having had much experience, it has done a large trade, 
and employs from seventy-five to one hundred men during the busy 
season. In 1883, in connection with their other business, they 
bought lots and erected houses thereon, which they sell on monthly 
installments. During 1884, they erected and sold about thirty-five 
cottages on this plan. 

fiiiiii-s II . 1 1 oisting was born at Sheerness, on the island of 
Sheppey, County of Kent, England, and is the son of James and 
Sarah (Ellis) Howling. He learned the trade of bricklayer at the 
age of twelve years, but, after working at it about two years, gave it 
up and learned the carpenter's trade in his native place. He 
worked at that trade at Sheerness until 1867, and around London until 
1869, when he came to Chicago. After his arrival here he was em- 
ployed as a journeyman carpenter by different contractors until 
1881, when he entered into parlnership with Charles C. Crowhurst. 
Mr. Howling was married, on April 14, 1865, lo Miss Elizabeth 
Hughes, of Sheerness, England. They have seven children, 
Mary Ann, Eleanor, Herbert, Emma E., Edgar G., Walter and 
Frank. 

Charles C. Crowlmrst was born at London, England, on March 
12, 1848, and is the son of John and Emma (Cole) Crowhurst. He 
learned the carpenter's trade from his father, who was a contractor 
and builder in London, for whom he worked until 1870, when he 
came to Chicago, and was employed by Messrs. Hopkins & McCon- 
nell, contractors, two years. He then went to work in the shops 
of the Chicago & Alton Railroad Company, where he remained five 
years ; afterward he was with Thomas Gunnigen, an old contractor, 
for a year ; and then formed a partnership with James H. Howling. 
Mr. Crowhurst was married, on September 6, 1884, to Miss Eliza- 
beth Cousins, of Austin, 111. 

D. WADE & Co. This firm of contractors and builders was 
formed in the spring of 1883, by Daniel Wade and Thomas R. 
McKillip, since which time they have built for the government of 
Assiniboine, the governor's house and all the other public buildings 
at ihe capital of that territory. In 1884, they built and shipped 
one hundred and four houses to Buenos Ayres, South America. 
Being what they term ready-made houses, the material for each 
house is cut, fitted and marked so as to be readily put together, be- 
fore it is shipped; and thus a house can be put up in a few hours 
after the material reaches its destination. They are leading build- 
ers of this class of houses in Chicago. 

Daniel Wade is the son of John and Elizabeth (Race) Wade, 
and was born on the Isle of Man, on August 23, 1837. He learned 
the trade of a builder in his nalive place, where he worked at it 
until 1868, when he came to Chicago. Soon after his arrival here, 
he commenced the building of portable houses; bul since 1878, has 
devoled his time, mostly, to the building of his ready-made houses, 
which he has shipped to Cuba, South America, India, and in fact 
to nearly all parts of the world. Mr. Wade is an Episcopalian. 
He was married, on April 15, 1858, to Miss Isabella Chinn Bishop, 
of the Isle of Man. They have seven children, Myra Isabella, 



HISTORY OF CHICAC.O. 



John James, F.Ii/abcth Margaret, F'.van Henry, Malcolm <"'., Wal- 
ter II., and Mima Amelia. 

Ttii>m,i* A'. .}/, A'jf/if is nf Irisll descent, and was horn at 
Kenosha, Wis., on ( Mober 2(1, 1*1,1. Hi-, parents were William 
and Bridget (Kearny) McKillip. In his younger days his father 
was a bookbinder, hut afterward in the grocer v trade at Kenosha, 
Wis. After leaving school, Thomas elerked in' Chicago for \\ . II. 
Calvin ,V Co., brokers -ind commission men, and the Western 
1'nion Telegraph Company, until 1*711, when he commenced work 
forj. M. A jrer, of Chicago, builder of portable houses and i. 
rator-cars, with whom he remained until the formation of the firm 
of I >. Wade iV Co. lie is a young man of good ability, and thor- 
< Highly understands his business. 

Si'Aku \ WMSS, manufacturers of mouldings. Nos. 190 :;i >j 
North I'nion Street, was organi/cd as a tirm on |une 15, 1880. 
The original capital employed was some 84,iK>, witli a working 
loice of four men. The firm now employs twenty-five skilled work- 
men, and 1 M h is exclusively local. In addi- 
tion to unfinished mouldings, they manufacture compressed and 
machine-cut bung-plugs and vent-pings. The members of the tirm 
are Augustus Sparr and Frank Weiss, both of whom are skilled 
mechanics in the business. 

.lit^iif/iis S/>arr has been a resident of Chicago for nearly 
twenty years. lie was born at Karford, Germany, on September 
I, 1846. His father having been connected with the revolution of 
1847 was compelled to lca\c his native land, for political reasons, 
in I "MS, and came to America with his family, locating at St. I.ouis, 
Mo., where he died the ensuing year. The son then went with his 
mother to Indiana, where they settled on a farm. Kor some years 
ming life, and when quite a boy sawed wood on 
what is now known as the Louisville. Chicago \ New Albany Kail- 

Ihe farm being located about six miles from New All 
When fourteen years of age, Mr. Sparr went to Cincinnati, Ohio, 
where he remained until iSb;. when he came to Chicago. In i.s.sn, 
he became a partner in the enterprise which bears his name. Mr. 
Sparr is a member of the Masonic fraternity. He was married in 
his wife dying two years later. He married a second time, 
;.i, and has four children, Cora I... Myrtle, Charles L. and 
Florence. 

/milk Weiii has been a resident of Chicago since he was a 
child. He was horn in Bavaria, in 1849. In 1852, his parents 
came to America. They stopped at New Orleans, at various points 
along the Mississippi Kiver, and finally located in Chicago. Here 
the son was educated and learned his trade of wood-worker, in 
which line he has been engaged for seventeen years, for some time 
with Sammons. Clark \ Co. In 1880, he entered into a partner- 
ship with Augustus Sparr. lie is a member of the Foresters. 
His parents are still living in Chicago. Mr. Weiss was married in 
Chicago, in \~-- t to Miss Minnie Suttcrlee ; they have three chil- 
dren, llattie, John and Frank. 

HAKVK.Y SHKELKR was born on August 25, 1849, in Canada, 
where his father died when he was about two years of age. In 
1856, he moved to Chicago, and worked on a (arm near the city un- 
til August 16, 1862, when he enlisted in Co. " F," I53d Regiment 
Illinois Volunteer Infantry. He served in the Army of the Poto- 
mac most of the time, and saw much hard service. He was mus- 
tered out with his regiment in 1865, and returned to the near vicin- 
ity of Chicago, where he followed farming until 1873, when he en- 
gaged in the business of house. moving and raising, in which he still 
continues. He moved all the buildings from the right-of-way of 
the Chicago t \: Western Indiana Railroad within the city limits, the 
contract price of which was 180,000. He has moved a large number 
of buildings of all kinds in all parts of the city, and has done much 
Work in Grand Rapids, Indianapolis, Louisville, St. Louis, and St. 
Paul. He was married, on May 15, 1879, < Miss Mary O'Con- 
nor, of Chicago. They have one child, Harvey. 

MVKHI.I.; AND STONE MAM:I, \CTURES. The in- 
crease in wealth has resulted in the erection of more or- 
nate private residences. This remark holds true in the 
case even of those houses erected for purposes of rent- 
ing. An illustration is afforded by the increase in the 
number of marble and stone workers since 1870, as 
shown by the census returns for that year and 1880 
which are given below in tabular form. Stone fronts are 
far more more common in private residences than before 
or for some years after the fire, and stonecutters find their 
resources taxed to the utmost to supply the constantly 
increasing demand, a large proportion of which h local. 
Limestone and sandstone arc the most commonly used' 
coming i hidly from Ohio, although loliet stone has be- 
come very familiar to Chicago citizens. Marble is used 



comparatively infrequently, except in interiors. Very 
handsome work in this material is done in not a few yards 
in this city. Of late years, however, the prevailing taste 
for interior decoration has demanded wooil of different 
varieties, and this fact has not been without an influence 
on the marble workers. 

A considerable business has within a comparatively 
few years sprung up in artificial stone for interior work, 
and some very large contracts for work and material of 
this sort have been performed. Much of the ornamen- 
tation of the Hoard of Trade building and of many 
office-buildings are illustrations. 

As in the case of the brick manufacturers, the only 
statistics obtainable relative to the trade are those in the 
U. S. census, which are here given: 



Vrar. 


Estab- 
lishments. 


Em- 
ploye's. 


Capital. 


Wages. 


Material. 


Value 
of 
Product. 


l870_ 
I880. 


26 

52 


I, OO8 

956 


$539,000 

5l8/)OO 


$541,520 
482,564 


$416,465 
606,249 


1,301,675 
1,336,591 



PERCEN1 U3ES <>F 1M KKASK UK 1IKCRKASK. 

In number of establishments 100 per cent, increase. 

In number of employes 5 per cent, decrease. 

In amount of capital 3^ per cent. deer. 

In wages paid 10 per cent, decrease. 

In cost of material 49 percent, increase. 

In value of product 2'/4 percent, increase. 

KMAM HI. F.AKNSHAW was born in 1826, near Iluddersiield, 
Yorkshire, F.ngland. He is descended from a family of builders, 
and was early trained to the same business. At the age of thirty 
he located in this city, where he has ever since been prominently 
identitied with the building interest. His first work was in connec- 
tion with the cut-stone industry. After the fire, he engaged ia the 
building business, and re-built most of the bridges that were de- 
stroyed in the conflagration. He also built the West Side Water 
Works, and had full control of the erection of the crib. Since the 
dissolution of a former partnership, he has built the ( hitario Flats, the 
Ryerson Building, St. Luke's Hospital, and the Rosenfeld Block. 
He was one of the founders of the St. George's Society of this city, 
and has always been an active member of that body. He has been 
a member of the Masonic fraternity for about fifteen years. He 
and his family are active supporters of Professor Swing's Church. 
Mr. Earnshaw married, in England, Miss Mary Brook. They 
have two children, Charles (a builder) and Emily (now the wife o'f 
Byron F. Busher). 

HKNKY FURST & Co. This firm of cut-stone contractors was 
formed on March i, 1885, by Henry Furst, Peter \V. Neu, and 
Henry Furst, Jr., for the purpose of continuing the business origin- 
ally established by Henry Furst in 1861. They employ about 
sixty men, and although Mr. Furst had done a business of '75,000 
annually when he was alone, they still continue about the same. 
Their stone-yard is fitted up with power and saws, which enable 
them to turn out a very large amount of dressed stone on short 
notice. They have on hand, at all times, a large stock of all kinds 
of building stone, and hence can supply such demands as are made 
ter the product of their manufacture with as little delay as is com- 
patible with accuracy of detail. 

Henry Furst, Si:, was born at Ottweiler, near Saarbrttck Ger- 
many on July 25, 1832, and is the son of Jacob and Catherine 
(Brack) Hirst. He attended school in his native town until he was 
fourteen years of age, after which he learned the stone-cutter's trade 
at the same place, where he worked for four years, and then went 
to Saarbruck, where he was employed at his trade for two years 
n 1853, he came to America, and worked at his trade in Cleveland 
Jhio, and other places until 1855, when he came to Chicago with- 
ut money or influential friends, but with a thorough and practical 
knowledge of his trade. He was here employed by the Illinois 
! Company as a journeyman stone-cutter until 1861, when he 
formed a partnership with Henry Kerber, under the firm name of 
rst & Kerber, cut-stone contractors. They carried on the trade to- 
gether for four years, when the firm was dissolved. Mr Furst then 
commenced the same business on his own account, and built many of 
the finest cut-stone buildings in the citv. amono- wh.Vh , ', 




brown sandstone on the shored 



RE -BUILDING OF CHICAGO. 



he formed the present partnership. He has been very successful in 
all his undertakings, and has reason to be proud of the extensive 
business lie has built up. Mr. Kurst is a member of Herder Lodge, 
No, 069, A.F. & A.M., and of \Viley M. Egan Chapter, No. 126, 
R.A.M. He has also been a member of the Germania Hruderbund 
Society for twenty-seven years. He was married, on April 10, 1856, 
to Miss Julia Gernhardt, of Chicago, formerly a resident of Lege- 
feldt, Saxony. They have one child, 
Henry, Jr. 

refer W. Neu was born in Germa- 
ny, on June 12, 1846, and is the son of 
John and Maria (Weber) Neu. He 
commenced to learn the stone-cutter's 
trade in 1862, in his native place, where 
he worked at it for six years. In 1868, 
he came to Chicago, and was employed 
one year as a journeyman stone-cutter, 
after which he entered into partnership 
with his uncle Peter, under the firm name 
of Peter Xeu >S; Co., cut -stone contract- 
ors. They carried on the trade together 
until 1874, when the firm was dissolved 
After this, he worked as a journeyman 
stone-cutter (five years with Henry Furst, 
Sr.) until the present firm was formed. 
Mi. Neu was married, on January 10, 
1882, to Miss Annie Lutz, of Chicago. 
They have one child, Clarence. 

//c'tifv l-'itrst. Jr., was born on No- 
vember 19, 1863, and is the son of Hen- 
ry and Julia (Gernhardt) Furst. He 
attended the public schools of Chicago 
until 1880, when he entered Vale Col- 
lege, and took a business course of about 
ars. He then returned home and 
worked for his father until March, 1885, 
when he became a member of the present 
firm. 

JAMES HAH HEN was born in Scot- 
land, on May 2(~>, 1829, and is the son of 
Alexander and Isabella (Allen) Hatchen. 
About 1845, he was apprenticed to his 
brother, who was a cut -stone contractor, 
for whom he served four years, thor- 
oughly learning his trade. He then went 
to Edinburgh, Scotland, where he was 
employed as a journeyman stone-cutter 
about four years. In 1853, he came to 
America and settled at Washington, 1). 
C., where he worked at his trade on 
many of the finest buildings in that city. 
After remaining there about ten years, 
he came to Chicago, and for some years 
was employed as a journeyman. He 
afterward sold his property in this city 
and went to Louisville, Ky. lie returned 
to Chicago in 1869, and commenced busi- 
IH-SS as a partner in the firm of Tayler .V 
Hatchen, cut-stone contractors, at corner 
of Harrison and Franklin streets. This 
firm carried on the business until 1875, 
when Mr. Tayler died and the firm was 
dissolved. Soon afterward Mr. Batchen 
formed a partnership with John Smith, 
under the style of Batchen & Smith, and 

in i8Si moved to present location. They continued the trade 
inn il the death of Mr. Smith, which occurred in January, 
1885, and since then Mr. Batchen has carried on the business by 
himself. During his residence in Chicago he has furnished the 
cut-stone for many of the finest buildings in the city, among 
which are the Singer Building, fourteen fine residences on St. John's 
Place, eleven stone-front residences on Wabash Avenue ; the Ma- 
sonic Hall on Cottage Grove Avenue, near Thirty-eighth Street; 
six marble-front residences in Ellis Park ; a fine block of buildings 



(Pauline) Batchen. His parents removed to Washington, D. C., 
when he was quite young, where they remained until 1865, in which 
year they came to Chicago. He received an excellent education in 
the public schools of this city, and of Louisville, Ky., being a 
pupil there under Professor Henry H. Belfield, afterward princi- 
pal of the North Division High School, and now director of the 
well known Manual Training School. He engaged in business as 




my and isolated pa 

the Cook County Hospital ; and rnany others in all parts of the city 
and suburbs. He is a member of C' ' ' " 
A. K. 



MICHIGAN AVENUE, NORTH FROM THIRTY-FIRST. 



a wholesale dealer in building stone in 1881 and is northwestern 
agent for the buff and blue oolitic limestone of the Hoosier Stone 
Company, Bedford, Ind. ; for the Hummelstown brownstone, of 
Dauphin County, Penn.; and the Potomac red sandstone, of Wash- 
ington, D. C. Mr. Batchen has established for himself a national 
reputation on account of his thorough knowledge of the quarrying 
interests of the United States, and his untiring energy, as well as 
his generosity, have been of great benefit to the General Govern- 
ment and to many leading educational institutions. The report on 
stone construction in Chicago, for the building-stone investigation 
of the tenth census, was compiled by him. He obtained all the 
specimens from the Illinois quarries for the building and ornamental 
stone collection of the United States National Museum, at Wash- 
ington, D. C. With the exception of a few sent by Professor Allan 
C. Conover, of Madison, Wis., Mr. Batchen has been the largest 
contributor of specime'ns of building stone to the building and orna- 
mental stone collection of the Smithsonian Institute, having sent 
between three thousand and four thousand specimen cubes from 
different quarries, located all over the United States, Mexico and 



eveland Lodge, No. 211, 

A.M.; of Excelsior Lodge, I.O.O.F., of Washington, 
D. C.; and of Illinois Council, No. 615, Royal Arcanum. Mr. 
Batchen was married, in October, 1858, to Miss Eleanor Pauline 
of Washington. I). C. They have three children John S F 
James P., and Margaret S. 

JOHN S. F. BATCHES- was born at Ivy Bank, Fairfax Co., Va., Scotland. " Sample cubes were sent by him from the quarries on the 
24, 1859, and is the eldest son of James and Eleanor line of the following railroads: Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe, Hot 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



Springs Atlantic ,V Pacific, Missouri Pai ilic, ( 'hcsapcakc \ Ohio, 
Kansas Pacific, St. Louis, In.n .Mountain \ Southern, Pcnsacola iV 
Atlantic, Grand Trunk of Canada, Mexican Central ol Mexico, 
I, real North ot Scotland, I'nion Pacific, Jacksonville, St. Augustine 
..V Halifax River, S.u.innah, Florida ,x \\esiern, Louisville ,V Nash- 
ville, Denver \ Kio Grande, 1 >cnver \ South Park, Colorad. 
tral, Atlantic \- \Vestcrn, Central I'acilie. llaltimore iV ( >hio, \'irginia 
Midland. 1'hilailelphia t V Reading, Louisville, New Albany iV Chi- 
, Pennsylvania, and Southern I'acilie. He also sent a number 
of specimens to the State Museum at Springfield, 111. The Batchcn- 
. -ran collection of building and ornamental stones in the I'ni- 
versity of Virginia, at Charloiiesville. Ya.,and the J. S. K. liatchen 
collection in the Washington and Lee University, at Lexington, 
\ a., arc gifts from linn to those institutions. 

F'AI.IKK liKnnir.Ks. This firm of cut-stone contractors was 
established in 1572, by Peter and Philip Falter. They do a general 
business in cut-stone, and have erected many line buildings through- 
out the city. They built M. Ilrand's Half, the College of Physi- 
- and Surgeons, Peter Schuttler's tine residence, the Fuller & 
Fuller Block, and a church on the corner of McGregor and Hanover 
streets. These are only a few of the many prominent buildings 
d by Falter Brothers. They employ from forty to fifty men. 
and do a business ol si.;. MOO annually. 

Peter l-'alter is a son of Phiiip II. and Barbara (Lahr) Falter, 
and was born in Germany, on November 13, 1843. He learned the 
trade of a stone-cutter in his native town in 1858. In 1868, he came 
to America, and worked in New York City until 1871, when he 
came to Chicago. lie was employed as a journeyman stone-cutter 
a few months, and then engaged in business with iiis brother Philip, 
under the present tirm name. He was married, in 1873, to Miss 
Eliza Helm, of Chicago. They have three children, Philip, 
Charles and Edward. 

J'/n/if h'eil/er was born on March 18, 1849, in Germany, and 
is a son of Philip II. and Barbara (Lahr) Falter. He learned the 
trade of a stone-cutter in Cermany, in 1863, where he worked at it 
about six years. lie came to America in 1869, and was employed 
as a journeyman stone-cutter in New York City, until 1872, when 
he came to Chicago. After working a few months at his trade 
here, he formed a partnership with his brother Peter, and thus 
founded the present tirm. He was married, on June 6, 1875, to 
Miss F.va Braun. of Chicago. They have five children, Charles, 
Carrie, Frederick, Evaline, and Henry. 

FLKTCHM P.K.M IIKKS. This firm was established by Abra- 
ham, Isaac, and Japhet Fletcher in 1872, for the purpose of doing 
a general business as cut-stone contractors. They have had a good 
and prosperous trade, having erected a large number of fine buildings 
in the city. They put up twenty-five fine residences, three and four 



Avenue; and a large number of others. They employ about twenty- 
live men, and do a business of from $30,000 to $50,000 annually. 
Abraham Fletcher died in 1877, and his brother Japhet in 1883! 
but the business is still done under the original firm name. 

rietelu-r was born in Yorkshire, England, on April 
21, 1837, and is the son of Japhet and Mary (Rhodes) 
Fletcher. When he was fourteen years old, he was apprenticed to 
a stone-cutter of his native place, until he was twenty-one years of 
age In 1858, he came to America, remaining a short time in 
Chicago, and at Mount Pleasant, Iowa. In the fall of 1858, he 
settled in Alton. 111., and there carried on the business of a stone- 
cutter until i M>6. For about three years afterward, he was engaged 
in bridge building on the Missouri Pacific, and the St. Louis 
Iron Mountain & Southern railroads. In 1869, he was employed 
as assistant superintendent in the stone department of the lolicl 
Penitentiary, until 1872, when he came to Chicago and entered the 
firm of Fletcher Brothers. He was married to 'Miss l.vdia Mann 
of Alton, III., in 1862. They have five children, Jessie Elizabeth' 
Isaac, George, and Edward. 

JMIIS K.\\v IK, cut-stone contractor, was born at Exford 
Somersetshire, England, on May 3, 1843, and is a son of |,,l,n ami 
Mary(Poole) Rawle. He received a common school education in 
the vicinity of his birthplace, and then learned the trade of a stone 
cutter and carver, which he followed in his native country for 
d years; he was also a draughtsman in the office of Sir Charles 
who was the engineer of the first London World's F.xposition 
'I, and of a number of railroads in Russia, China, lapan and 
South America. In 1868, Mr. Rawle came to America " landing at 
Portland, Maine, in May. lie there worked at his trade for -i 
time, and subsequently removed to St. Louis, where he remained 
until the fall ..I iSoS, when ! came to Chicago. He shortly after 
ward went to New York, and from thence to England where he 
remained until the spring of i% 9 , and then returned to Chicago of 
which city he lias since been a resident, with the exception of a' short 
time that he was engaged in business at Washington, Daviess Co 



Iiul. In the spring of 1872, he established himself in business here, 
and has since held a prominent position with the architects, builders, 
and contractors, having, in the course of his business, furnished 
cut-stone for many of the finest buildings in this ciu and through- 
out the United States, lie took an active part in the formation of 
the Carbondale Brown-Stone Company, of which he is now presi- 
dent and treasurer. The product of this company is largely in 
demand from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and from Lake Superior 
to the Gulf of Mexico. Its yards at present occupy Nos. 468-478 
Fifth Avenue. Of the sixty-five firms which started in busi- 
ness in 1872, there are but two other firms besides his that have 
retained their existence until the present time, which is due to his 
attention to business and the superior quality of his workmanship. 
In 1885, he married Miss Augusta 1C. Zick, a native of this city 
and a daughter of Daniel and Augusta Zick. 

\b I \I;IAM: & GM:SU.\. This firm was established in 1882, 
by Norman McKarlane and Alexander F. Gibson. They are cut- 
stone contractors and dealers in rubble and footing stone. Their 
yard is supplied with mills and power, by which they saw and pre- 
pare the material ready for building. They have erected some of 
the finest residences in the city, among which are a green-stone res- 
idence of W. R. Lynn, the Pennsylvania gray-stone residence and 
barn of George V. Hankins, the residences of Mr. Spafford and Mr. 
Mills, near Garfield Park. They employ about twenty-five men, 
and do business of $25,000 annually. 

.\\irman SfcFttrlatU was born at Coupar Angus, Perthshire, 
Scotland, on January 4, 1846, and is the son of William and Eliza- 
beth (Will) McF'arlane. lie learned the trade of a stone-cutter in 
1862, at which he worked until 1869, two years of the time in Lon- 
don, ICngland, and one year in Glasgow, Scotland. He came to 
America in 1869, and was employed at his trade, in New York 
City, about three years. In 1872, he moved to Chicago, and 
worked as a journeyman stone-cutter until 1882, when he became 
a partner in the present firm. Mr. McF'arlane was married, on 
January I, 1868, to Miss Elizabeth Christie, of Loch Side, Eorfar- 
shire, Scotland. They have six children, Jennie, George, Eliza- 
beth, Norman, Thomas and William. 

Alexander /'. Ciil>st<n was born at Drumlithie, Kincardineshire, 
Scotland, on April 28, 1845, and is the son of George and Margaret 
(Keith) Gibson. He learned the trade of a stone-cutter, in 1862, 
in Glasgow, Scotland, where he worked at it seven years. In 1869, 
he came to America, and was employed about a year at his trade in 
the City of New York ; then went to Indiana, working at Evansville 
and Indianapolis until 1872, when he moved to Chicago, and 
worked as a journeyman stone-cutter, two years of the time being 
foreman for John Reams. In 1882, he became a member of the 
present firm. Mr. Gibson was married, on September 9, 1876, to 
Miss Isabella L. Noll, of Chicago. They have three children, 
Cora, George and Maud. 

EHKKISHAKISKK ,v KII.EY. This firm of cut and sawed stone 
contractors was established in 1882, by Henry Ebertshaeuser and 
George Riley, for the purpose of taking contracts and doing a gen- 
eral business in stonework. They have a large yard and saw-mill, 
where they prepare the stone ready for building purposes. They 
have erected many fine buildings in this city, a few of which are 
St. Malachi's Church and school, the fine residence of C. \Vatrous, 
three fine residences on South Park Avenue, near Thirty-fifth 
Street, and the elegant residence of K. G. Smith. They employ 
about twenty men, and do a business of $50,000 annually.' 

lleniy Ebertshaeuser vtas born at Fachbach, Nassau, Germany, 
on April 5, 1859, and is the son of Jacob and Anna (( Irisar) Ebert- 
shaeuser. His parents came to America in 1867, and settled in 
( hicago, where he learned the trade of a stone-cutter, when he was 
fourteen years old, from Peter Neu, for whom he worked four 
years. He was then employed as a journeyman stone-cutter about 
five years, and, in 1882, entered into partnership with' George Rilev 
under the present firm name. He was married, on April 23 1885 
to Miss Magdalen Zuber, of Chicago. 

Georgt Riley was born in Kings County, Ireland, on March 7 
i.\s2, and is the son of John and Elizabeth (O'Maley) Riley 
\\ hen he was thirteen years of age, he was apprenticed to a stone- 
cutter, whom he served several years. In 1872, he came to Chi- 
cago and was employed by Fletcher Brothers, cut-stone contractors, 
for about six years, and also by Henry Furst, for about four years 
when he became a member of the present firm. Mr Riley was 
married, on July 28, 1873, to Miss Margaret Boland, of Chicago 
They have five children, Mary, John, Elizabeth, Margaret, and 
Catharine. 

TIIK CHICAGO* VKM ISLAM. STONE COMPANY was incor- 
porated in April, 1883, with a capital stock of $160,000. The 
oliccrs of the company are Hugh Templeton, president; Cuthbert 
McArthur, secretary ; Philip Henne, treasurer ; and John McAr- 
-, general manager. The company was organized for the 
purpose of quarrying, shipping, and dealing in Vert Island sand- 
ne. I hey have extensive quarries on Vert Island, in Nipigon 



RE -BUILDING OF CHICAGO. 



Bay, Ontario, Canada, yielding the finest quality of stone for build- 
ing purposes, which is rapid!) gaining favor in this city and else- 
where. They employ about seventy-live men, and d<> a business of 
125,000 annually. 

Cuthbert Mc.lrtlnir was born at Chicago, on February 22, 
1851, and is the son of John and Christina (Cuthbertsmi) Mr-Arthur, 
lie was educated in the public schools of Chicago, having passed 
through all the grades of the Brown School, from which he gradua- 
ted in iS(>5. lie was employed as draughtsman by the Board of 
Public Works from 1866 to 1872, then lie was engaged in his 
father's foundry until 1877. During 1876, he was in San Francisco, 
superintending the putting up of the iron-work on the Sub-Treas- 
ury Building, which was furnished from his father's foundry. 
Having served one year as draughtsman in the Cook County 
Recorder's office, in 1878 he was engaged, with James Lillie, in 
the construction of the Illinois Eastern Hospital for the Insane, at 
Kankakee. In 1870, he entered the employ of Wright & Tyrrell, 
real-estate dealers, as a clerk in their office, and remained with that 
firm until he was elected secretary of the Chicago it Vert Island 
Stone Company, which position he now occupies. Mr. McArthur 
was also appointed secretary of the Board of West Chicago Park 
Commissioners on April I, 1885. 

E. I,. KASTIIOI.M & Co. This firm of cut-stone contractors 
was established in the spring of 1884, by Emil L. Kastholm, Gabriel 
lacobs, Peter Ambrosini, and Peter Spang. Although they have 
been in business but one year, they have had a splendid trade, and 
have erected many important buildings, among which are the Emer- 
son, liurr, and Brainard school-houses; a Catholic church, on Illinois 
Street; the elegant residence of E. Marrenner, and the residence of 
Mis. Maynani. They employ about twenty-five men, and last year 
did a business of $23,000. 

Emil I.. Kastholm was born at Copenhagen, Denmark, on 
April 9, 1855, and is the son of Jens L. and Annie Kastholm. He 
came to I 'hicago in 1806, and worked as a glass-blower and painter 
two years. In 1868, he learned the stone-cutter's trade from I.ouis 
Wilier, with whom he remained four years, and then was employed 
as a journeyman until 1883, during five years of that time being 
foreman for Tomlinson it Reed, working on the Court House. In 
the spring ,,f iSS,4, the present linn was organized by four practical 
and experienced stone-cutters, and Mr. Kastholm took charge of 

utracting part of the business. lie was married, on June IO, 
iss;, id Cecil Fletcher, a native of London, England. They have 
one child, Emil L. 

Gabriel Jacobs was born in Yinchiaturo, Italy, on February 8, 
1849, and is the son of Bernardino and Mary (Lembo) Jacobs. He 
learned the trade of a stone-cutter in Italy, in 1864, working at it 
there until 1873, when he came to America. He was employed at 
his trade about a year and a half at Kingston, N. Y., and then 
went to Canada, where he worked on the Welland Canal about two 
years. In 1877, he came to Chicago, where he found employment 
at his trade until he became a member of the present firm, in 1884. 
Mr. Jacobs is a member of Home Lodge, No. 416, A.F. it A.M. 
He was married, on February 23, 1874, to Miss Jennie A. Cornell, 
of Kingston, V V. They have four children, Henry B., May 
L., loseph, and James A. 

Im/ii'i'siiii was born in Italy, on October 6, 1852, and is 
the son of James and Annie (Donadio) Ambrosini. When fourteen 
years old, he learned the trade of a stone-cutter, and worked at it 
fourteen years in Italy. He came to Chicago in 1880, and was em- 
ployed at his trade, as a journeyman, for four years, when he be- 
came a member of the present firm. He was married, on January 
14, 1882, to Miss Linda Cinocckio, of Chicago. 

1'i'lcr .V/w;/;' was born in Germany, on June 22, 1838, and is 
the son of John and Mary ((lotto) Spang. After having served in 
the German army for several years, in 1862 he commenced to learn 
the stone-cutter's trade, and worked at it in his native country about 
four years. He came to Chicago in 1866, and worked here as a 
journeyman for eighteen years, when he became a member of the 
present firm. Mr. Spang was married, on June 15, 1868, to Miss 
Mary Kost, of Aurora, 111. They have one child, Katie. 

Miilin,'! A. Jacobs is a native of Italy, and was born on Octo- 
ber 12, 1862. He was brought up in that country until his six- 
teenth year, partly learning the trade of stone-cutter. In 1878, he 
came to America, and, after passing a few months in Canada, came 
to Chicago, where he has since permanently resided. For many 
years he was carver in the stone-yards of Tomlinson it Reed, and 
his fine workmanship has become well known. In 1884, when the 
firm of E. L. Kastholm iV Co. was formed, Mr. lacobs took an in- 
terest in the business, and remains so identified up to the present 
time. Mr. Jacobs is well known among the many stone contractors 
of the city, and his firm has already become prominent and success- 
ful, owing to the superior work that is turned out of their shops. 
He was married, on April IO, 1884, to Miss Anna Cornell, of 
Kingston, N. Y. 

Till'. PIONKK.K FiRK-i-RooK CONS 1 1; ( ( I h IN COMPANY came 
into existence as a stock company in November, iSSo, under the 



title of the Ottawa Tile Company, which name "has since been 
changed as above. Its incorporators were George M. Moulton, 
president; A. T. Griffin, vice-president; and E. V. Johnson, sec- 
retary, treasurer and general manager. The company was organ- 
ized for the manufacture of the hollow tile used in fire-proofing 
buildings, the invention of George H. Johnson, under whose di- 
rection the first hollow flat arch and partition wall in America were 
constructed in the Kendall Building (now known as the Equitable 
Life Assurance Society Building), on the southwest corner of Wash- 
ington and Dearborn streets, this city. All of the floors and walls 
of that building are built of hollow tile. The clay used in the 
manufacture of the hollaw tile is obtained in Ottawa, 111., where 
the buildings of the company are located. They are three stories 
high, 175x200 feet in dimensions, and have thirteen kilns in con- 
stant operation. George H. Johnson was the original patentee of 
the hollow tile used by the company, obtaining his first patent in 
1870, three additional patents being since secured. During 1881, 
some of the most massive structures ever erected in Chicago were 
lire-proofed with hollow tile, among which are the Board of Trade 
and Pullman Buildings. 

(/V(>;;;r //. Johnson, among the most prominent architects of 
the age, was born in Manchester, England, in 1830, and was the 
son of Isaac Johnson, a hatter and furrier. He received his early 
education in the common schools of his native city, and at the age 
of sixteen was employed by Robert Neil it Sons, contractors and 
builders of the same city. Being gifted with a natural talent for 
architectural mechanism, "he made rapid progress in his studies, and 
after three years of apprenticeship, established a business for him- 
self. In 1852, accompanied by his wife and child, he came to 
America, and immediately became the manager of the Architectural 
Iron Works in New York City. He filled that position for ten 
years, during which time the greater portion of the architectural 
work placed by the company was designed and finished by him, and 
as a token of appreciation of his services he was given a certificate 
by the president of the company, to that effect, in 1874. During the 
period he was in their employ, he designed and finished many prom- 
inent iron buildings, among which are the United States warehouse, 
at Atlantic Dock, Brooklyn; the United States Arsenal storehouse, 
at Watervliet, N. Y.; the Singer Building in New York; the Grover 
it I laker Sewing Machine Building, made in the original form of a 
gothic window; the Gilsey Office Building, in New York; and many 
others equally well known. He came to Chicago in 1860, at which 
time he erected, under the direction of J. M. Van Osdel, four large 
iron-front buildings on Lake Street, for T. Tuttle and others, re- 
marking then the grand possibilities for Chicago, little thinking of 
the revolution in fire-proof buildings which his future inventions 
would cause. Being then in the service of the Architectural Iron 
Works, he returned to New York, and, after severing his connec- 
tion with that company two years later, started business for himself, 
and added largely to his reputation as an architect in that city. 
Immediately after the close of the Civil War, he went to Richmond, 
Va., and put up a number of prominent buildings. After remain- 
ing there two years, he went to Baltimore in 1867, and was interested 
with Hayward, Bartlet it Co. until 1869, when he went to Buffalo, 
remaining there until 1871. While in Buffalo, he built the Niagara 
and Plympton fire-proof grain elevators, besides other buildings of 
note. In the early part of 1871, he took an extended trip through 
Europe, studying the ancient and modern designs of architecture 
on the continent; and on his return to New York City, he went 
earnestly to work to perfect his original inventions in fire-proofing. 
On October 12, 1871, he came to Chicago, and when surveying the 
smoking ruins of" this great city, conceived the idea of fire-proof 
hollow tiling for buildings; so that from the greatest holocaust in 
the history of the world comes the greatest invention for the per- 
petuation of perfected architecture. Following out his original de- 
signs, he built, in the spring following, the first fire-proof building 
ever erected on this continent; and although the originator of the 
recent building material, he gave the credit of the invention to those 
who lived two thousand years before his time, and only claimed the 
revival of a lost art used by the Egyptians many years before the 
birth of Christ. From the Kendall Building he obtained other con- 
tracts, and erected the Cook County Jail and Court House. In 
1874, business in Chicago having fallen off, owing to the amount 
of building done the three years previously, Mr. Johnson went to 
New York, and commenced business there. In May of the same 
year he again went to Europe, remaining there four months, study- 
ing the particular architecture of each country throughout Contin- 
ental Europe. Upon his return to America, he entered with spirit 
upon the subject of fire-proof material, and had intended to intro- 
duce his inventions in New York City; but owing to the lack of 
appreciation of his advanced theories regarding fire-proofing, he 
met with but little encouragement, and returning to Chicago in 
.September, 1877, he formed a partnership with George M. Moul- 
ton, the firm name being Johnson it Co., continuing until his death, 
which occurred in 1879. Mr. Johnson was twice married, first in 
May, 1851, to Miss Maria Salkeld, of Manchester, England, by 



88 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



which marriage hi- had nine children, only three of whom are n 

! Clara M . He was married the second time 
in 1870 to Mi-s Emily lohnson. of shctiicld, England, by whom 
he had two children, Robert and |oscph. now in England with 
their mother. His -on. Harold, is now an apprentice with K 
Neil \ Sons, at Mancli 

r, .]/,//,. was born at Reedsborongn, Benmngto 
Co., Vt., on March 15, 1851. \Vheti two years oi age, he came 




company was 




MICHIGAN AVENUE AND JACKSON STREET. 



with his parents t,, ( 'hicago, and, when old enough to attend school, 

,,,. a pupil at the scammor. and I igden schools, afterward 

entering the WcM |ii\i~ion High School, and graduating with the 

nteen, he worked with his father, 

NV ],,, v ; ,,,e superintending tlie building of the Rock Island 

,pa in tliis city. Afterward his father had the con- 
tract for building the Illinois Central Elevator " B," and George 
! as timekeeper. In February, 1*70, he went to Duluth, 
Minn., as bookkeeper and construction clerk lor the I'nioii Im- 
provement and Elevator Co. He remained at Duluth and Stillwater 

in the employ ol the company, and in the fall of 
I,-, ago, lie then, in company with his father, 

was intere-led in the construction ol the < .alena Elevator, becom- 
ing a partner with his father in March, 1872, the firm name being 
|. T. Mmilton iV Son. After the partnership was formed, the 
-t St. I.onis elevators were built, as were also the 
hallo, 111., St. G Mp., and the Central 

irned to Chicago in the fall of 
ing spring went to Winona, Minn., erecting 



nartiR'i m un; M| "* *-'* j ~ " 

ncrshipwas dissolved, bv the death of the senior member of the 
firm in 1879. At that time, by a special arrangement, the bus- 
si'was Continued under the old firm name "''> * P n .' *%* 
s formed, in 1 880, under the style of the Ottawa 1 

Company, subsequently changed to the 
1'ioneer Fire-Proof Construction Com- 
pany. Mr. Moulton is prominent in 
Masonic circles, being a member of Cov- 
enant Lodge, No. 526, A.F. & A.M.: of 
Corinthian Chapter. No. 69, R.A.M.; 
of Chicago Council, No. 4, KA S.M.; 
of St. Bernard Commandery, No. 35, 
K.T.; and of Oriental Consistory, S. 1'. 
R. S., 32, and co-ordinate bodies of 
the A.' & A. Scottish Rite in the Valley 
of Chicago. He is also an officer in the 
Grand Commandery, K.T., of the State 
of Illinois. He is president of the River 
Bank Coal Company, at Streator, 111.; 
vice-president of the K. T. and Masons' 
Life Indemnity Company; and president 
of the Excelsior Loan Association. \Vith 
two others, he has recently taken out a 
charter for a corporation to be known as 
the Illinois Masonic Orphans' Home, a 
benevolent institution for the benefit of 
Masons' orphans and widows, of which 
corporation he is the president. Mr. 
Moulton was married on March 12, 1873, 
to Miss Flora A. Garland, of Burlington, 
Iowa. They have two children, Edith 
M. and Arthur G. 

Ernest V. Johnson, is a son of 
George II. lohnson, and was born at 
New York City, on February 14, 1859. 
He received his early education at Buf- 
falo, N. Y., and was a pupil at Ernst 
Academy, in that city. At the age of 
thirteen years, he left school and became 
an apprentice with a civil engineer and 
architect in New York City. For six 
years he had the advantage of a system- 
atic training by his employer. At the 
age of nineteen, he came to Chicago, 
entering into business with his father, 
whose death two years later caused a 
dissolution of the firm of Johnson & Co., 
and upon a special agreement with the 
surviving partner, Mr. Moulton, an ar- 
rangement was entered into, whereby the 
business was continued until the present 
stock company was organized in Novem- 
ber, 1880. Mr. Johnson has carried out 
the original designs of his father in a 
praiseworthy manner. Had the unfin- 
ished patents of the father fallen into 
less energetic hands than those of the 
son, the benefit which the world will de- 
rive from them would never have been 
realized. Mr. Johnson is a member of 
Covenant Lodge, No. 526, A.F. & A.M. 
of Corinthian Chapter, Na 69, R.A.M. 
of Chicago Council, N'o. 4, R. & S.M. 
and of St. Bernard Commandery, No. 35, K.T. 

FKANK M. NICHOLS was born in the State of New York, on 
September 24, 1834, and is the son of Lewis and Emeline (F'ish) 
Nichols. His mother was a niece of ex-Secretary Hamilton Fish, 
lie came to Chicago in 1845, and engaged in mercantile pursuits 
until 1805, when he commenced the publication of The Reporter, a 
monthly journal devoted to the interests of marble and stone work- 
ers. The Reporter reaches every section of the United States and 
Canada, and large numbers are mailed to regular subscribers in 
Europe. It is the' only journal of the kind in the world. Mr. 
Nichols has an accomplished corps of artists, special designers, 
painters, model and plaster makers actively employed, and new de- 
signs are continually being produced. He is now fitting up a 
marble and granite dealers' exchange, where he will keep a full 
supply of all kinds of stone, tools, and material used in the trade. 
He carries on the business under the firm name of Nichols & Co., 
notwithstanding there is no one interested with him in trade. He 
employs from fifteen to twenty men, and does a business of $50,000 
annually. Mr. Nichols was married, on May 24, 1877, to Miss 
Mira Hudson, of Cincinnati, Ohio. 



RE-BUILDING OF CHICAGO. 



89 



MASON CONTRACTORS. 

JAMES McGRAW, a resident of Chicago since 1839, and well 
known as a leading building contractor, was born in Jefferson 
County, N. Y., on February I, 1827. His father, James Mc- 
Graw, was born in Ireland; and his mother, whose maiden name 
was Phcebe Thompson, was a lady of French descent, bom at 
llroome, N". Y. The family resided in the State of New York until 
James was eight years of age ; they then removed to Kalamazoo, 
Mich., where they made their home until 1839, coming to Chicago 
in that year. James attended private schools during his residence 
at Kalamazoo, and when he came here he was apprenticed to A. S. 
Sherman, a builder and contractor, with whom he served five years, 
learning the trade of mason and plasterer. In 1846, young Mc- 
Graw, then nineteen years old, started out in business on his own 
account, and, by hard, honest toil, won a good reputation and 
amassed the means which bought him a comfortable home in the 
West Division. In 1871, Mr. McGraw formed a partnership with 
Joseph Downey. The fire of 1871, called out their greatest efforts, 
and they were constantly engaged in constructing large and promi- 
nent buildings in the business quarter. The partnership continued 
until August, 1883. During their connection they erected such 
buildings as the Cook County Infirmary, at Jefferson, taking the 
entire contract for the same ; Haverly's Theater and Criterion 
Theater ; the Jewish Synagogue, corner of Michigan Avenue and 
Fourteenth street; and the Lyceum Theater, which is owned by 
McGraw & Downey; and many others. Mr. McGraw erected the 
first brick building in Chicago after the great fire of October 9, 
1871, a two-story structure, for James Egan, on Madison street, 
near Fifth Avenue. Mr. McGraw has been a quiet, industrious 
business man during his residence here, and enjoys a splendid repu- 
tation among the builders and contractors of the city. Thirty-one 
years ago Mr. Mc( Iraw erected a residence on West Adams Street, 
then in the most fashionable residence district on the West Side ; 
but the changes of time and the enlargement of the business district 
in the West Division has surrounded his home with mercantile 
establishments. Notwithstanding, he continues to reside in the 
"old home," made pleasant and inseparable to him by the memo- 
ries of by-gone days. He was married, on January I, 1848, to 
Koanna, daughter of the late Rufus B. Ormsbee, of this city. 
They have had two daughters, the youngest of whom, Clara, the 
wife of Joseph Downey, died on March 17, 1883, in Aiken, S. C.; 
their only living child is Julia, now Mrs. Isaac \V. Litchfield. 

\Vii.i.i.\M PRICK iV SON. This firm of masons, contractors, 
and builders was organized in 1880, by William Price and William 
1). Price, to continue the building business commenced many years 
ago by the senior partner. They have been very successful, and 

< reeled many line buildings, a few of which are the barns of 
the West Side Street Railway Company; a building for John Ked- 
zie, on West Madison Street; the residence of Judge Shepherd, on 
Grand Boulevard; two residences for Charles H. Curtis, on the cor- 
ner of Cottage Grove Avenue and College Place; and Troescher's 
Building, on Market Street. 

!l'//i!,tm /'rice was born in the City of New York, on Novem- 
ber 15, 1821, and is the son of Cornelius and Nancy (Maloy) Price. 
Soon after his birth, his parents removed to Watkins, Schuyler Co., 
X. Y., where they remained until 1836, when they came to Chicago. 
He learned the trade of a mason from his father, and worked at it, 
either as a journeyman or on his own account, until 1847, when he 
formed a partnership with his brother Cornelius. They carried on 
the business together about ten years. In March, 1857, he was 
appointed postmaster of Chicago, but was removed by President 
Buchanan, the following March, for being a friend and ardent ad- 
mirer of Stephen A. Douglas. In 1858, he became part owner of 
the Chicago Times, which he controlled until 1860, when the estab- 
lishment was sold to Cyrus II. McCormick. In 1861, he was ap- 
pointed an aide on the staff of General Hunter, with the rank of 
major; but, after serving about a year, he was compelled to resign 
on account of ill-health, when he returned to Chicago, and in the 
next year commenced business at his trade, which he carried on by 
himself until 1871, and then formed a partnership with Ansel 11. 
Cook, which existed for about six years. In 1880, he entered into 
partnership with William D. Price, his son, under the firm name of 
William Price & Son. Except the time he was postmaster and in 
the army, he was actively engaged as a builder. He erected the 
old Tremont House, Rice's Theater, the American Express Com- 
pany's building and barns, the Bryant Block, the Transit House (at 
the Union Stock Yards), the Rock Island car-shops, the Court 
House at Waukegan, 111., and many other buildings in all parts of 
the city and suburbs. In 1865, he sold his residence in Chicago, 
and removed to Libertyville, Lake County, and resided in the old 
family homestead. He served two terms as supervisor of his town- 
ship, and has held the position of trustee since the incorporation of 
the village. In 1879, he was elected a member of the Legislature 
from Lake County. In 1883, he was a candidate for ( 'ongress on the 



de cratic ticket. Mr. Price was married to Miss Martha J. Devoe 

of Chicago, who died on January 31, 1885. 

William J). /'//<< was bom on September 25, 1858, in Chicago, 
and is the son of William and Martha J. (Devoe) Price. He re- 
ceived his education in the public schools of this city, afterward 
teaching, during three winters, in the county of Lake. He learned 
the mason's trade from his father and uncles, for whom he worked 
until 1880, when he entered into partnership with his father, under 
the firm name of William Price & Son. He was married, on De- 
cember 29, 1881, to Miss Lima McNab, of Libertyville, 111. They 
have one child, Grace M. 

WILLIAM E. MORTIMER was born in Devonshire, England, on 
June 17, 1828, and is the son of William and Mary (Germon) Mor- 
timer. He learned the trade of a mason from his father and 
uncle, for whom he worked until he was about twenty-one years 
of age. He came to Chicago in 1849, and was employed as a jour- 
neyman mason for two years by Robert Malcom. In 1852, he en- 
gaged in business on his own account as a mason and contractor, 
which he carried on until 1855, when he formed a partnership 
with N. P. Loberg, under the firm name of Mortimer & Lo- 
berg. This firm carried on the business from 1855 to 1859, 
during which time they built a number of fine business blocks. 
In 1859, Mr. Mortimer assumed the business, and continued 
it until 1864, when he formed a partnership with N. P. Loberg 
and George Tapper, under the firm name of Mortimer, Loberg & 
Co. They built the Chicago University and other large build- 
ings. In 1866, Mr. Loberg retired from the firm; and from 
that time to the present, the business has been carried on by W. E. 
Mortimer and George Tapper, and they have done as large a busi- 
ness as any firm in the city. In 1866, they built the Michigan 
Southern Depot on Van Buren Street; the year following, the 
Northwestern University at Evanston ; and the Grand Pacific 
Hotel, of this city, in the early part of 1871. Immediately after 
the fire of 1871, their business was immense. They built the Ken- 
dall Block, corner Washington and Dearborn streets, which was the 
first building erected in the burned district ; and re-built the Mich- 
igan Southern Depot and the Grand Pacific Hotel. They have 
built some of the finest churches in the city, the Union Park Con- 
gregational, the Third Presbyterian, and Grace Episcopal. In the 
last few years they have built some of the highest blocks in the 
city, such as the First National Bank Building, the Montauk Block, 
the Grannis Block, the Calumet Building, and the Home Insurance 
Company's Building. Mr. Mortimer is a member of Ashlar Lodge, 
No. 308, A.F. & A.M.; Corinthian Chapter, No. 69, R.A.M.; Chi- 
cago Commandery, No. 19, K.T.; and Oriental Consistory, S.P.R. 
S., 32. Mr. Mortimer was married, on November 22, 1853, to 
Miss Mary J. Linton, a native of Somerset, England. They. have 
six children, William II., Matilda J., Ida May, Charles J. and 
Laura Belle. 

GEORGE TAPPER is the son of William and Ann (French) Tap- 
per, and was born on May 29, 1835, in Devonshire, England. He 
partially learned his trade from his father, who was a mason, and 
left England in 1852, coming to Chicago, where he has since re- 
sided. After his arrival in this city, he was employed by William 
E. Mortimer and other parties, until 1864, when he became a mem- 
ber of the firm of Mortimer, Loberg & Co. Mr. Loberg withdrew 
from the firm in 1866, and the present partnership (Mortimer & 
Tapper) was formed, since which time Mr. Tapper has devoted his 
entire energies to the advancement of the interests of the firm, and has 
every reason to feel proud of the success he has attained. Mr. Tap- 
per is a member of Ashlar Lodge, No. 308, A.F. & A.M.; Wash- 
ington Chapter, No. 43, R.A.M.; Chicago Commandery, No. 19, 
K..T; and of Oriental Consistory, S.P.R. S. 32. He was married, on 
March 31, 1858, to Miss Arabella Mortimer, of Chicago, by whom 
he had one daughter, Marcina, now Mrs. Foskett. He was mar- 
ried a second time, on May 24, 1867, to Miss Jane Thomlinson, of 
Chicago. They have three children, George F., William R. and 
Elmer J. 

GEORGE CHAMBERS was born in England, and, after obtaining 
a fair education in the public schools, he served his time at the ma- 
son's trade. In 1852, he came to America, locating at Cincinnati, 
where he worked as a journeyman and did some contract work 
until 1855, when he came to Chicago, and has since made this city 
his home. He became a partner of J. E. Moss, in 1856, under the 
firm name of Moss & Chambers ; and afterward was a member of 
the firm of Chambers & Ansell, Moss, Chambers & McBean, Cham- 
bers & McBean, and Moss & Chambers. In 1883, the latter firm 
dissolved, since which time Mr. Chambers has carried on business 
alone, except in being connected with Brown, Howard & Co. in a 
limited partnership. During the existence of the firm of Moss, 
Chambers tV: McBean, in 1871 and 1872, they constructed the 1 ,a- 
Salle-street tunnel, a piece of work that reflected the highest credit 
upon the contractors. Mr. Chambers has aided in building up 
Chicago twice, and has erected scores of the most prominent build- 
ings that now adorn the business districts of the city. lie has also 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



erected mam nl the finest churdies in the city, among which may 
he mentioned Robert l.ainl Collier's church, the Church of the 
Messiah, an. I I'nity Church, (if late years he has paid considera- 
ble attention to the construction of tunnels ami aqueducts, and 
has lieeii engaged upon some of the largest tunnels in the Kastern 
Stales. He built the Hetroit River sub-tunnel, Albany Watel 
\\orks tunnel, and is now engaged in the construction of the New 
York aqueduct, which extends from Croton Reservoir lo Harlem 
Kiu-r. Mr. Chambers is a member of Illancv Lodge, No. 271,. \. 
!'. iV A.M.: \\ashing!on Chapter, Xo. 4.;, K. A.M.; anil St. Hcr- 
nard Commamlery. No. 35, K.T. He belongs to the Chicago 
Master Masons' and Builders' Association and the Builders' and 
Traders' Kxchange. lie resides at Riverside, 111. Mr. Chambers 
was married, in June, 1x1,0, to Miss Elizabeth liloomlield, of Chi- 
cago. They have seven children, Arthur Lincoln (now of the firm 
of (lee liros. \- Co.), Anna Kli/aheth, George R. (with HeGolycr & 

lames I',.. Lottie and ' 

JOHN Sri TON. contracting plasterer of this city, was horn at 
St. Johns, V I!., on September 2b, 1M<). His father, John Slit- 
ton, was also a plasterer, and in his day one of the largest contract- 
ors in this Hue of work at St. Johns. ' The subject of this sketch 
' an apprenticeship with his father, after which he went into 
business on his own account. In i^4\. he went to New York, and 
followed his trade in that city until in 1x49, when he came West on 
>specting trip, stopping for a brief season in this city, hut 
finally locating at Clarksville, Tenn. At the breaking out of the 
( ivil \\ar, he returned to this city, and al once took a prominent 
position among the enterprising contractors in the building line. 
Vmong i he buildings now standing as memorials of his work, may 
i ntioned Trinity Church, tile private residences of |. \\ . 
Doaneand M. H. Mi'lls, :m d the llonorc I'.lock. Mr. Sutton has 
ever taken an active interest in all matters tending to the advance- 
ment of society. lie has been an active member of the Masonic 
nity for over twenty years, and has held a number of olficcs in 
.rious bodies of that order. He is a member of Apollo Com- 
nnndery. N'o. i, K.T.; of oriental Consistory. S.I'.R.S., 32; and 
and is a Knight of the Red Cross of Rome and Constantine. lie 
ts also an odd Fellow and a member of the Knights of Pythias. 
Mr. Sutton has been twice married: first in Lowell, Mass., to Miss 
M.iria S. Rideout. who died, leaving two sons, fohn II. (who is 
now a farmer), and ( ieorgc II. la contracting plasterer of this city). 
Mr. Simon's present wife was Miss Emily Fitzgerald, daughter of 
Richard Fitzgerald, of New York City. ' By this marriage there 
have been eight children, three sons and five daughters. 

KnwiN SITKIT-A ANT is the son of Zebina and lane A. (Storey) 
Sturtevant, and was born in Verona, N. Y., on January 5, 1841. 
His father removed to lleiavan, \Vis., in 1854, where Edwin 
learned the trade of a mason, at which he worked summers and 
ilerked in the dry goods stores of C. II. Sturtevant and 1). H. 
Wells during the winters, until he enlisted, in 1863, in Co. " I!," 
35th Wisconsin Infantry, of which he was promoted lieutenant, and 
afterward captain of Co " A " of the same regiment. He was sent 
into the Red River country just in time to meet General Hanks on 
his retreat. In 1x115, he .was in the expedition sent to the Rio 
Grande, He was mustered out of service, with his regiment, in 




when he returned home, and there he remained until Febru- 
ary 27, 1867, when he came to Chicago, and worked as a mason 
tiring the summers and clerked for Field, Leiter & Co. in the win- 
"ntil 1x7.1. when he started in business for himself -is a con 
* and builder. He built the Singer P.nilding. the Academy of 
ign Building, the Counsclman Huilding, the Northwestern I 0-111 
and Building Company's P.nilding. the fine residences of \ i:\-r-im 

'. M. Wells, and the New Hoard of Trade lluildin- (his con- 
tract on the latter building was over S-,m,ooo). He is a member of 

lelavan Lodge, No. 121, A.F. ,\ A.M.. of Delavan \Vis n,- 
was married, on May 7, iH 73 . to Miss Jennie R. Whitman, daughter 

'I John R. Whitman, of Chicago, general passenger agent of the 
I. rand Trunk Railroad. They have two children, Marion 
and \\ hitman. 

WOOD BROTHERS. This firm of contractors an<] builders was 
organized in 1871, by Alon/o C. and Albert F. Wood, for the pur- 



pose of doing a general business as masons, plasterers, and builders. 
They have, by industry and perseverance, succeeded in securing a 
good and prosperous trade, and have erected many buildings in all 
parts of the city and suburbs. 

. //..;r. C. ' ll'i',>i/ was born at East Karnham, Canada, on 
I )ei ember 20, 1844, and is the son of Amos and Nancy (Gage) 
Wood. His parents removed to Wankcgan, 111., in 1851, where he 
received a common school education. In 1861, he enlisted in Co. 
"( ," 37th Illinois Infantry Volunteers. He was wounded at the 
battle of Prairie drove, Ark., and was mustered out of the service 
in 1863. Afterward, he was employed as an army express rider until 
the close of the War, when he returned home. I le came to Chicago 
in iS66, where he learned the trade of a mason, at which he worked 
until 1871, when he engaged in the contracting and building busi- 
ness with his brother, Albert L., and the present firm was formed, 
since which period he has devoted his entire time to the interest of 
the firm. Mr. Wood is a member of Geo. K. Thomas Post, No. 
5. \s a Mason, he is connected with Hesperia Lodge, No. 411, 
A.F.& A.M., and with Wiley M. Kgan Chapter, No. 126, K.A.M. 
He was married, in 1875, to Miss Agnes Heaney, of Chicago, who 
died in 1880, leaving three children, Albert, Harry and Edward. 
Albert /-,'. ll'ivil is also a son of Amos and Nancy (Gage) 
Wood, and was born at East Farnham, Canada, on August 5, 1847. 
He attended the public schools at Waukegan, 111., until 1866, when 
lie came to Chicago with his parents, and learned the trade ol a 
mason from his father, lie worked at the trade about five years, 
when he formed a partnership with his brother, Alonzo C. Wood, 
and has since been an active member of the firm. 

W. A. WITTS located in this city in July, 1871, and soon 
opened business as a contractor and builder. Since that time he 
has ( reeled a large number of durable and elegant memorials to his 
ability, among which may be cited the following buildings: The 
Exposition lUiilding, the Times Huilding, Fowler Brothers packing- 
house, Kicker's packing-house, People's ( ias Light and Coke Com- 
pany Huilding, George A. Seavern's Hlock, Fuller i: Fuller's drug 
house, Hiram Sibley's fire-proof warehouses. Continental Huilding, 
II. C. llurand's storehouses, and Carey, Ogdcn iV Parker's paint 
factory. Mr. Wells was born at Pike, Bradford Co., Penn., on 
July 22, 1830, where he received his early education. In 1845, he 
removed to Rock County, Wis., where he continued the schooling 
commenced at his native place. In 1849, he learned the trade of a 
mason, and, in 1852, when only twenty-two years of age, he took 
an active part in contracting and building at Janesville, Wis., where 
he remained until he removed to Chicago, in 1871. His operations 
in the line of his business, however, were not confined to that city, 
as he built the Court House and Jail at I'lattsburg, Mo., as well as 
the Insane Asylum at Janesville. Mr. Wells is a prominent Odd 
Fellow, and has been a Mason for thirty years; during which time 
he attained the rank of a Knight Templar. He was married in 
1854, at Janesville, Wis., to Miss Sarah H. Harris, daughter of the 
late James Harris, of Watertown, N. Y., where Mrs. Wells was 
born and educated. She is actively interested in the philanthropic 
enterprises of our city, and by her influence and example is an effec- 
tive worker in the higher social life of her circle of society. Mr. 
and Mrs. Wells have three sons, Addison E., who became a part- 
ner with his father in 1880, under the firm name of W. A. & A. E. 
Wells; Fred. A., who is a merchant; and Judson 1C., who is book- 
keeper and cashier of the Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance 
Company. 

ELIAS F. GOIIEL, contractor and builder, was born in Morris 
County, N. J., on July I, 1834, and is a son of Robert and Mar- 
garet (Martin) Gobel. His mother died on August 30, 1835. Eather 
and son came to the West in 1844, and settled in Elgin, Kane Co., 
111., where his father died on January 7, 1850. It was there that 
Elias was reared and educated, he having attended the common 
schools of Elgin until he became of sufficient age and strength to 
learn the trade of mason. After serving his apprenticeship, he 
went into the employ of the old. Galena Railway Company, and 
superintended the building of nearly all the arched bridges on that 
road between Freeport and Chicago, gaining a high reputation for 
the splendid work he performed. His next work of any importance 
was the construction of the approaches and piers for the second 
Mississippi River bridge, builtat Clinton, Iowa, and he also erected 
the stone shops at same place. In 1867, with his family, he re- 
moved to Chicago, and at once 'went into the employ of the city, 
superintending the construction of the Washington and I.aSalle- 
street tunnels, for which work he shared no little credit in the great 
success of the enterprise. Just before the great fire of 1871, he 
commenced business on his own account as a general contractor 
and bulkier, anil many monuments of his work may be seen in 
every part of the city. Among these may be mentioned the West 
side Waterworks; the Fullerton Avenue and South Branch pump- 
ig works; the Lake crib, a marvel in masonry; the administration 
wlding and pavilions of the Cook County Hospital; City engine 
houses; Polk, Lake and Twelfth-street viaducts; Merchants' 



RE -BUILDING OF CHICAGO. 



Building, Presbyterian Theological Seminary, Women's and Chil- 
dren's Hospital, McCoy's New European Hotel, and scores of 
other public buildings of more or less prominence. After the great 
fire, he re-built the masonry for Clark, Wells, Lake, Adams, Rush 
and I'olk-street and Chicago-avenue bridges, all of which bear the 
highest credit to his workmanship. Mr. Gobel is a member of the 
Builders' and Traders' Exchange, and. while still engaged in con- 





trading in this city, is superintending the completion of the State 
Capitol, at Indianapolis, Ind. He has been a member of the 
Masonic order for many years, and also belongs to Fort Dearborn 
Lodge, No. 214, I.O.O.F. 

GKOKOK MKssr.ksMrni, mason, general contractor and builder, 
was born in Hesse, Germany, in 1842. \Vhenonlya year old, his par- 
ents removed to America, and located at Huntingdon, IVnn. The 
family only resided there about three years, when they came West, 
and settled at 1'eoria, 111., where George was reared and educated' 
allending the public schools up to his fourteenth year. He then 
became an apprentice to the trade of masonry anil building, and 
so rapidly did he learn the work that, at the age of twenty-two, he 
became foreman for many of the best contractors of 1'eoria. He 
was ambitious, energetic, and by his natural ability so quickly 
acquired the details of his trade, that he was recognized as an 
expert in the business. For several years he was engaged in super- 
vising large contract-work in the principal cities of the United 
Slates, but after the great fire of 1871 he decided to locate perma- 
nently in Chicago and engage in business on his own account. The 
opportunities presented to him he took advantage of, and since com- 
ing here he has rapidly gained reputation and wealth in his voca- 
lion. Among a few of the many buildings that he has constructed 
are such noted structures as the Rutter Building, Foundlings' 
Home Building, Cook County Hospital. Western Theological Semi- 
nary, Western Electric Company Building, Sheldon \ McCagg's 
Block, McCoy's European Hotel, McCormick Reaper Works, Con- 
sumers' Gas Company Works, besides many of the best and finest 



residences throughout the city. Mr. Messersmith. resides at Lake 
View, and is the owner of considerable property in that place. Ik- 
has always been prominent in promoting the welfare of that village, 
and is highly regarded as a good business man and upright citizen 
by its residents. 

GEORGE LEHMAN & SON. This firm of masons and con- 
tractors was originally established, in Chicago, by George Lehman, 
in 1871 ; the present firm was formed by George 
Lehman and Edwin Lehman in 1883, for the pur- 
pose of continuing the same. Although the firm 
has been in existence but a few years, it has done a 
very large business. They built, in March, 1883, 
twenty-four two-story and basement brick resi- 
dences, on the corner of Western Avenue and 
Grenshaw Street, having a frontage of four hun- 
dred and sixty-eight feet, in nineteen working 
days. They also built the Belvedere Block, on the 
corner of Thirty-first Street and Cottage Grove 
Avenue ; the building for the panorama of the 
Siege of 1'aris, on Wabash Avenue ; the Gaff 
Building, on LaSalle Street, near Jackson, having 
ten stories and basement ; and many others in all 
parts of the city and suburbs. They employ about 
four hundred men, and do a business of half a mil- 
lion dollars annually. 

di'inyc 1. chnuin was born at Dayton, Ohio, on 
November g, 1829, and is the son of David and 
Eliza (Brandenburgh) Lehman. In 1847, he 
learned the mason's trade in his native place, where 
he worked until 1854, and then he engaged in 
business there on his own account, which he con 
tinued until 1871, when he came to Chicago. 
While in Dayton, he built the opera house and 
most of the important buildings there. In con- 
nection with his trade, he had two brick yards and 
a stone quarry, where he manufactured brick and 
quarried stone for his own use. He came to Chi- 
cago in 1871, and formed a partnership with Ben- 
jamin F. Gump, under the style of Lehman & 
Gump. This firm existed three years, and after 
that Mr. Lehman carried on the business alone 
until 1883, when the present partnership was 
formed. He was married on December 14, 1852, 
to Miss Amanda Abell, of Dayton, Ohio, and has 
eleven children, Amanda L., Drusilla B., Edwin, 
Irene I'., Milo B., Lydia, Hibbard J., Maggie, 
Mary E., Elsie Etna, and Fannie. 

Edwin Lehman was born on Februarys, '855, 
in Dayton, Ohio, and is the son of George and 
Amanda (Abell) Lehman. After finishing his studies 
in the public school of his native place, he learned 
the trade of a mason from his father, working for 
him from 1872 to 1883, when he entered into part- 
nership with him and became a member of the 
present firm. 

HENRY APPEL was born in Germany, on Au- 
gust 2, 1842, and is the son of Frederick and Jo- 
hante (Schmiedt) Appel. In 1856, he went to 
Solingen, Prussia, and. learned the trade of a mason, working 
at it in that city about ten years. In 1866, he came to America, 
and settled at Sandwich, 111., where he was a journeyman mason 
two years, and then commenced business on his own account as a 
mason and builder. In 1871, he came to Chicago, and was em- 
ployed by Clatting & Howard, contractors, for whom he was fore- 
man one year. In 1872, he formed a partnership with William 
Mayne, under the firm name of Appel & Mayne, but the firm was 
dissolved at the end of a year, and a new one formed with Joseph 
Sendlebech, under the name of Sendlebech & Appel. This firm ex- 
isted one year ; since that time Mr. Appel has been in business by 
himself. He built the fine barns at Seipp's Brewery; the Seipp 
Block, on the corner of Van Buren and Franklin streets, 179 x 140 
feet, four stories high ; and the fine block for Heissler & Junge, on 
the corner of Twenty-fourth and State streets ; besidesmany others 
in all parts of the city. He was married, on June 4, 1874, to Miss 
Christine Sporlein, of Chicago. They have four children, Henry 
L. W., Louisa W., Ida Caroline, and Fred. A. L. 

JOHN GRIFFITHS is the son of William and Margaret (McKin- 
zie) Griffiths, and was born near Woodstock, Canada, on April 3, 
1847. His father was a mason and contractor, from whom he 
learned his trade. In 1869, he wentto St. Louis, where he remained 
a few months; he then went to Grand Tower, 111., worked at his 
trade for a few months, and then returned to Canada, and worked 
at his trade at Bradford. In the fall of 187:, he came back to Chi- 
cago, where he has since resided. In 1875, he formed a partner- 
ship with S. J. Moss, under the firm name of Moss & Griffiths. In 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



i--- thev dissolved partnership, since which time he has been in 
business bv himself. In 1882, he had heavy contracts <m the ( 
cage Locomotive Works, at ( ,arf,eld, and the West Side Street Kail- 
road Company's barns. He built the Traders' lUiilding, on Pacific 
Avenue j the 'Eumes Building, on Wabash Avenue, the latter six 






stories high ; and a large building on Clark Street. He is a Mason, 



Chicago. They have five children, John, Margaret, Johanna, 
Jennie, and George W. 

CHAKU> ALOMZO MUSKS was born at Olean, Cattaraugus Co., 
N. V., on June 14, 1851. His father, the late Anson F. Moses, 
was ;; native of New York ( 'ity, and was prominently identified with 
the building interests of New York lor many years. After receiv- 
ing a '4 ood common school education, ( harles commenced to learn 
his trade at the age of sixteen, in company with his brother, R. H., 
who is now cashier of the Third National Hank of Sedalia, Mo. 
Charles continued at his trade in Olean until he was twenty years 
of a ,, , , ame to Chicago to establish himself in business. 

After two years' residence here, the firm of Moses & Johnson was 
formed, the latter retiring in 1877; since which time Mr. Moses 
has carried on the business alone. He docs a business of 
about Snxi.oooa year, and employs from lifty to seventy-five skilled 
workmen during the building season. Mr. Moses has constructed 
many well-known business blocks and manufactories, and stands in 
high' repute as a successful builder. Mr. Most-, has belonged to the 
Masonic order for a number of years and is a member of St. Ber- 
nard Commandery, K.T., which he accompanied to San Francisco, 
<;,!.. , which year the Grand Kncampment of the United 

States held its twenty-second triennial conclave in that city. 



builder. -M r. i lowne) j ^"^'^~ ^"yet is absolutely devoid 
oTthe'egotism which is so often apparent in those 
who have been the architects of their own fortunes 
He was born in Kings County, Ireland on April 
23 1840. Both his father and grandfather were 
noted builders in their day, having together laid the 
foundation and erected the observatory for the fa- 
mous Ross T.leseope, the largest in the world and 
having also erected the castle of Lord Ross, from 
whose liberality the famous telescope takes its 
iri.rn- Mr. Downey's father died when he was 
but five years old; immediately thereafter his 
mother came to America, bringing her three infants, 
Joseph Thomas (now assistant chief engineer 
of the fire department of Denver, Col.), and Mary 
(who died some years ago). Mrs. Downey first set- 
tled at Cincinnati, where she purchased a home; 
but owiiv to her desire to be near friends who were 
living in Chicago, she disposed of her property m 
Cincinnati a year or two later and removed to this 
city Joseph received his education in the Chicago 
public schools, and in his twenty-first year began 
the acquisition of his trade with James McGraw. 
In 1874, Mr. McGraw took him into partnership 
and his keen perceptions and untiring energy soon 
justified the wisdom of Mr. McGraw's selection. 
It is worthy of remark, in this connection, that 
while foreman for Mr. McGraw, Mr. Downey laid 
the foundation of the first building erected in 
Chicago after the great lire, on Madison street, 
about fifty feet west of Fifth Avenue, the ground 
at the time being so hot as to burn the boots of 
the workmen. He has erected many of the build- 
ings which have gained for Chicago her reputation 
for beauty and solidity of architecture; among these 
may be mentioned the Columbia, Criterion, and 
Lvceum theaters; the Union depot, at Fourth Ave- 
nue and Polk Street; the Minnesota Block, the 
Franklin Public School, and many of the hand- 
somest private residences in the city. The contract 
for the building of the Columbia theater required 
its completion in eighty-seven days, under a penalty 
of a forfeiture of $200 for each day's delay. It 
affords an illustration of Mr. Downey's energy to 
add that it was completed on time. lie was the 
builder of the Cook County Poor House, and the 
large and handsome Union Depot at Hannibal, Mo. 
He also erected an addition (four hundred feet 
long) to the Missouri Insane Hospital, at St. Jo- 
seph. Mr. Downey's success has been truly re- 
markable. Starting in life dependent on his own 
resources, he has, at the early age of thirty-six, 
built up a business of 200,000 per annum and 
given employment to a large number of men. He 
has acquired a handsome competence, and is about to retire from 
an active business life, to enjoy the leisure and the domestic hap- 
piness which his hard labor and incessant application have fairly 
earned. In 1883, he severed his partnership with Mr. McGraw, 
and has since been alone. Mr. Downey was the president of the 
Master Masons' and Builders' Association in 1884, and an active 
member of the Citizens' League, in whose work he evinces a deep 
interest. He is, at the present time, treasurer of the Builders' and 
Traders' Exchange of this city. He was married, on December 7, 
1871, to Miss Clara McGraw, daughter of his former employer and 
partner. Her death occurred in 1883; and on May 5, 1885, he 
married Miss Leona Klein, of this city. 

DAM HI. 11. WII.KIE is the son of Daniel and Sophronia Wilkie, 
and was born in El Paso, 111., on May 5, 1860. 1 1 is father was a 
carpenter. He came to Chicago in 1876, and learned his trade 
from William McNeil, one of the most successful masons and 
builders in the city. He qualified himself so well in his trade, that 
he was employed by the city on the new City Hall for two years. 
In 1881, he engaged in business for himself, and the year following 
formed a partnership with C. T. Holman, under the firm name of 
Wilkie & Holman, masons and contractors. This firm erected 
many fine buildings, among which was the Brenan School-house. 
Their contracts during the year 1884 amounted to nearly $100,000. 
Mr. Wilkie is a young man of good ability, with a bright future be- 
fore him as a mason and builder. He was married, on November 
15, 1883, to Miss Mamie Hodge, of Chicago. They have one 
child, Paul. 



HE -BUILDING OF CHICAGO. 



93 



BAKNKY & RIIDATZ. This firm of contractors and builders, 
was established in June, 1883, by John F. Barney and Jacob Ro- 
datz, two young men of ability. Although the firm has been in ex- 
istence but a short time, they have done a good and prosperous 
business. They erected a large building on Randolph Street ; the 
Chapter Mouse of St. Paul's Cathedral, on the West Side ; the 
Geneva Flats, on Rush Street ; the Hansen Building, on Dearborn 
Street ; the Indiana Elevator ; and all the freight and engine houses 
of the Chicago iV Western Indiana Railroad. 

John /'. /inni, r is the son of Jonathan and Sarah (Hammond) 
Barney, and was born at Boston, Mass., on November IO, 1837. 
He received a thorough and practical education in Boston, came to 
Chicago in 1855, entered the employ of the Chicago, Rock Island & 
Pacific Railroad Company as an engineer, in 1865 became division 
master mechanic of the same, and remained with that company 
until 1870, when he was made superintendent of the American 
Bridge Company of Chicago. In 1877, he went to Australia, and 
was engaged in the manufacture of ice for two years, when he re- 
turned to Chicago, and was employed as general superintendent of 
Crane Brothers' Manufacturing Company, and at the same time 
architect-engineer of buildings and bridges of the Chicago & West- 
ern Indiana Railroad until the formation of the present company. 
He is a Mason, and belongs to Apollo Commandery, No. I, K.T. 
He was married, on December 30, 1884, to Miss Care E. Robin- 
son, of Taunton, Mass. 

fafi'/i Koilatz is the son of Albrecht G. Charles and Maria 
(Hermes) Rodatz, and was born in Germany, on October 30, 1854. 
He came to Chicago in the spring of 1871, and learned his trade 
from Louis Weick, a North Side contractor, with whom he re- 
mained four years, after which he was employed by Burling & Ad- 
ler, architects, until 1881. While with them, he was superintend- 
ent of the construction of Central Music Hall ; then he was with 
John F. Barney on the Chicago & Western Indiana Railroad, build- 
ing bridges, engine houses and depots ; superintended the recon- 
struction of old First National Bank Building, until this firm was 
formed in 1883. He is a young man well qualified to perform any 
par; that may be assigned him in the great drama of life. Mr. Ro- 
dat/, is married to Miss Talitha Howard, of Kingston, Canada. 
They have two children, Marie Margaret and Jacob Howard. 

SEWER PIPE. While the volume of trade in sewer 
and drain pipe has very considerably increased since the 
fire, only three new dealers have been added to the list, 
which now numbers eight. But one manufactory exists 
in the city, most of the pipe sold here being made else- 
where, and the greater proportion of sales being, per- 
haps, of the Akron brand, made at Akron, Ohio. Com- 
petition has resulted in a general depression of prices, 
and dealers complain of the small margin of profit in 
the business, as compared with former years. The con- 
stant growth of the city and the increase in building, 
however, produce a steady demand, and large contracts 
are not infrequent. 

NORMAN A. WILLIAMS deals in Akron sewer pipe, fire-brick 
and fire-clay, drain-tile, cement, etc. He is the pioneer dealer in 
articles made of fire-clay in the West. He established himself in 
the business in Chicago in 1869, starting with a first-class stock. 
He was thus, from the first, enabled to guarantee the quality of his 
goods and, measurably, to command success. He handles Akron 
sewer pipe, lire-brick, lire-clay, chimney-tops, flue-linings, tiles, 
slabs, etc., as well as plaster and cement. His trade is not con- 
fined to Chicago, but extends over the West and Northwest. He 
carries an average stock valued at $30,000, employs twelve men, 
eight teams, and conducts a business of about $300,000 a year. 
He has been at his present location, No. 219 Washington Street, 
since he established himself in business here. Mr. Williams was 
born at Auburn, N. Y., on July i, 1821. At the age of twelve, 
being thrown upon his own resources, he began life as a brick-layer 
and mason in his native city, and remained thus employed until at- 
taining his majority, after which he spent eleven years working at 
his trade in Western New York. He located at Cleveland in 1853, 
where he engaged with William P. Southworth as manager of his 
business, and after an active life of two years in that capacity, he 
nted, at the urgent solicitation of the Citizens' Committee, to 
accept the commissionership of streets, in which position he served 
acceptably for two terms. Before the expiration of his third term 
he resumed his connection with William P. Southworth. In 1860, 
he left Mr. Southworth and came West, eventually locating in Chi- 
cago, through tin- influence of the Akron Sewer Pipe Company. 
I li> career since coming to Chicago has been already briefly sketched. 
He has our son, Martin 11. Williams, secretary of the Akron Sewn 
Pipe Agency, of Akron, Ohio. Although avoiding public life, every 
measure tending toward the development of the social and indus- 



trial interests of the city has always found in Mr. Willliams a warm 
supporter. 

PLUMBERS, GAS AND STEAM - FITTERS, ETC. 
Among the building trades of the city, none has wit- 
nessed a larger proportionate increase than the plumb- 
ing and steam and gas-fitting interest. At the time of 
the fire, the entire number in the city was but forty- 
four, which had increased in fifteen years to one hun- 
dred and eighty-seven, or 325 per cent. It is impossi- 
ble to state, with any approach to accuracy, the 
amount of capital invested in the business, but it may 
be said on reliable authority, that the growth of the 
trade in this direction has been even more remarkable 
than in the number of establishments. 

A marked advance in the methods of work has charac- 
terized the period. Ideas, crude in themselves and 
imperfectly understood, have been exploded; knowledge 
derived from patient study, as well as from experiment 
based thereon, has taken the place of an indiffer- 
ent following of old ways ; and plumbing although 
much of the work is necessarily coarse is rapidly ap- 
proaching both a science and an art. The sanitary 
laws are better understood, and the workman who best 
comprehends and most faithfully observes them is the 
one who best succeeds. Ventilation and drainage are 
carefully considered, and the Master Plumbers' Asso- 
ciation of Chicago offers annual prizes for the best 
essays on these and kindred subjects. 

This body was formed under the general law of the 
State, in 1885, and its membership has steadily increased. 
All members of the craft of good standing and character 
are eligible, and the organization is one of the most 
solid of the trades guilds in the city. Weekly meetings 
are held, at which papers are read and discussed, and 
matters of general interest to the trade are considered. 
A fraternal feeling is awakened, and the public is 
directly benefited by the adoption of improved meth- 
ods and a uniform and reasonable scale of prices. 
One of the earliest measures adopted by the Association 
was that looking to the securing of a better class of 
apprentices, and none are now received by its members, 
who have not at least acquired the rudiments of a com- 
mon-school education. The next generation of work- 
men will, it is hoped, be men of better education and 
broader views than have been some of their predeces- 
sors. One cause which has operated in raising the stand- 
ard of work, is to be found in the fact that the existing 
city building-laws contain many provisions regulating 
the details of all work of this character, based upon 
sound scientific and sanitary principles, and which is 
of equal importance these details are rigorously 
enforced. 

Connected with the growth of this interest has been 
the trade in plumbers' supplies. At present (1886) 
there are seven houses engaged in this branch of busi- 
ness in this city. Some of these firms conduct large 
manufacturing establishments, and the volume of trade 
annually carried on by them is very large. 

A cognate trade is that of the manufacture of steam- 
heating apparatus and fittings. The following statistics 
of this branch of mechanical industry are taken from 
the ninth and the tenth census of the United States. 
Comment upon a growth so surprising is unnecessary. 



Year. 


Estab- 1 
lishments. 


Em- 
ploye's. 


Capita'. 


Wages. 


Material. 


Viilue 
of 
Product. 


1870. 


2 


46 


$40,000 


$30,OOO 


$39.000 


$90,OOO 


iSSo. 


II 


225 


99,700 


115,50 


411,780 


580,530 



94 



H1STOKV OF CHICAGO. 



W. ii '|>M \.\ \ \V M;M:K. This linn of manufacturers of stcam- 
litting, heating anil ventilating apparatus, ami dealers in all kinds 
of wrought-iron pipe, lutings, etc., \vas established here in 1*71., by 
John Woodman and William ('. \\'ariK-r. The place of business, 
from the lirst, lias been at Nos. 22() 28 Lake Street, and a; Nos. 
16-22 Franklin Street. The linn gives employment to about thirty 
men, and in the volume of business done make-, a must favorable 
showing, as compared with many of its older competitors, Both (jf 
its members are old residents of Chicago and thoroughly practical 
business men. 

/.'//;/ H'm/Hiiiii was born in the State of New Hampshire, on 
5, and is the son of James M. and Lucy (Hani) 
Woodman. When but a mere lad, he was apprenticed to learn the 
steam-iitter's trade with the house of I . J. Walwoith \ Co., of Bos- 
ton. In 1850, that lirm established a branch house in Chicago, and 
Mr. Woodman, who had almost grown up in their employ, was sent 
"Ml here in i-od, t,> look alter the linn's Western interests and to 
manage the branch in this city. The place of business was on Lake 
street, near Franklin, where it remained until destroyed in the great 
lire of 1871. Following this event the house was re-established, 
but Mr. Woodman, at this time, severed his connection with the 
firm, after a continuous service of twenty-two years, and engaged 
with the Crane Brother-, the well-known manufacturers of this city. 
lie remained with them until in 1874, when he established himself 
in business on his own account, and in 1*711. as has already been 
told, founded the house of which he is still the senior head.' Mr. 
\\.iodman married, in 1863, Miss Esta J. Stahl, daughter of Henry 
Stahl. of t'amden, Me. 

\\'illi,im (.'. \l\inifi- is the son of Kdward J. and Sarah A. 
\\.nnei. and was born at New York City, on October 31, 1843. 
=,<>, the famih removed to the West, locating at Rock Island, 111., 
where William C. was re.ired and received his preparatory school- 
ing : he then entered the College of New York City, from which 
institution he was graduated in 1865. In the following year, he 
came to Chicago, where he has since resided, and began his busi- 
ness career as a member of the lirm of William Kerr & Co., dealers 
in builders' materials, at the corner of West Lake and lefferson 
['his connection was kept up until in 1875, when lie retired 
from this lirm, and in the following year he associated himself with 
John Woodman in their present business. Mr. Warner married, 
in 1804, Miss Emily E. Kerr, daughter of Dr. Thomas Kerr, 
of Washington, I'enn. They have two children, Mary W. and 
Floret) 

SAMI i.i. ISAAC- I'oi-K, of the firm of Samuel I. Pope & Co., 
steam-heating, steam-litting, etc., is the son of Captain Isaac and 
Miranda I'ope, and was born at Wells, York Co., Maine, on May 6, 
i~4s. He received a thorough business education in the schools of 
his birthplace, and at the age of sixteen came West, and engaged in 
the same business with \\ahvorth, Hubbard & Co., No. 181 Lake 
, with which lirm he remained ten years, being thoroughly 
conversant with the business, as well as having become a practical 
mechanic, he established himself in the trade, in connection with 
Henry Cater, at No. 31 North [efferson Street, where he remained 
two years, during which time Sir. Cater retired from the firm and 
was succeeded by Charles II. Patten, the style of the firm being 
Samuel I. I'ope \ Co. They removed to No. 193 Lake Street, 
their present location, in 1877. This firm has taken and success- 
fully fulfilled some of the largest contracts let for ventilating and 
ig large buildings, west of Buffalo, among which maybe men- 
tioned the work in the Indiana, Michigan, and Kansas Insane 
asylums. Post-offices at Cincinnati, Buffalo, St. Paul, and Madi- 
ison, Wis., etc. Mr. Pope was married, on August Ig, 1866, to 
Miss Lizzie Cater, of Libertyville, III. They have four children 
William A., Annie, George A., and Li/zie C. 

CIIAKI.I.S Hi T. iiiNsiJN I'AI n:\, of the lirm of Samuel I. Pope 
born at Palatine, 111., on October 29, 1854. His parents 
formerly resided at Newburyport, \. II., and came West among 
the first settlers, at an early day. Charles H. remained at home 
until sixteen years of age. After passing through the graded and 
high schools, he taught school in the vicinity of Palatine for nearly 
three years. In the spring of 1872, he came to this citv, and en- 
gaged with Samuel I. Pope as bookkeeper and clerk, and' continued 
with him as mathematician and in charge of the estimates, etc., 
until [878, when he succeeded to a partnership with Mr. ' Pope! 
'1 he lirm has since been known as .Samuel I. Pope & Co Mr 
Patten was married, on February 22, 1879, to Miss Mary Robert' 
son, of Lake Zurich, Lake Co., III. They have two children 
Paul and Mary. 

TIIK OTLEV M VNI-FACTI-KINI; C.IMI'AXV was organized in 

1876, for the purpose of making a steam-packing cement a vcrv 

useful article to be used between joints ,,( steam apparatus being a 

lything discovered up to the presenl 

king the place of gaskets, red and white lead, and other 

substances. I his article was discovered and patented In' Samuel 

Otley in 1875, and has been introduced almost entiiely on its mer- 



its, lie has become the sole owner and manufacturer at me 
present time. 

SiiHtiii-i Otlev was born in London, England, in 1844, and re- 
ceived a fair education in his native country, remaining there until 
after leaving school, when he began a seafaring life and followed it 
up to 1871, when he had visited nearly every portion of the globe. 
In 1871, just before the great lire, he came to Chicago, and was 
employed in a large hotel at that time, losing all his worldly effects 
in the conflagration. He then, with his family, moved to Grand 
Haven, Mich., where he again entered into his old business of sail- 
ing. It was while there that he discovered his cement, which has 
proved so valuable and has furnished him a profitable and growing 
business. In 1875, he returned to Chicago, and began the manu- 
facture of his cement in the Ashland Block, where he is still en- 
gaged, adding to his business the sale of boiler covering, which is 
another article of great value in the uses of steam. He has also 
entered into a general contracting business, and has lately done 
considerable work around the different city parks, and recently cov- 
ered the whole of the steam-pipes, boilers, etc., of the new City 
Hall, Wahl's glue factory, McCormick Block, new Post Office 
Building, Counselman Building, and many other prominent build- 
ings in this city ; also, those in Belcher's sugar refinery, at St. 
Louis, and in Studebaker Brothers' large works at South Bend, 
Ind. Mr. Otlcy was married at London, England, on June 17, 
1866, to Miss Matilda Cox, of St. Ives, Huntingdonshire. They 
have three children living, Benjamin, James and Thomas. 

SVI.VKSTKR F. BROWN, of tile lirm of Brown & Tubman, steam 
ami gas-linings, etc., is the son of Sylvester and Catharine Brown, 
and was born at Ashtabula, Ohio, on March 16, 1843. His parents 
came West in 1 847, and located at Marseilles among the first settlers 
of La Salle County, and afterward moved to Dayton, in same county, 
and since 1870 have been residents of Ottawa. At that time the 
frontier was continually agitated by Indian invasions, and the set- 
tlers were incessantly harassed by their depredations, and during 
the Black Hawk war were compelled to seek refuge at the Fort in 
Ottawa. Young Brown's business experience began when eighteen 
years of age with the laying of water and gas pipes in Ottawa; sub- 
sequently he was employed by King & Hamilton, until 1870. In 
October, 1871, a few days before the great fire, he came to Chicago, 
and was engaged with John Davis & Co. for one year; afterward 
he was connected with the establishment of Crane Brothers for six 
years. At the expiration of that time he began his present line of 
business, in partnership with his brother, Andrew J., at No. 13 Ar- 
cade Court. In February, 1884, Mr. John Tubman purchased 
Andrew J. Brown's interest in the business, and the firm of Brown 
& Tubman removed to their present quarters in the following May, 
where they have since remained. Mr. Brown was married on Oc- 
tober 14, 1867, to Miss Mary Ward, of Ottawa. 

JOHN TUHMAN, of the firm of Brown t v Tubman, is the son of 
Richard M. and Mary Tubman, and was born at St. George's, 
Bermuda Islands, on October 16, 1856. During his early boyhood 
his parents came to America, and settled at Montreal', Canada. 
His father was appointed agent for the Grand Trunk Railway, then 
in course of construction between Montreal and Detroit, and, as the 
road was pushed forward, his family moved from place to place. 
Upon reaching Detroit, young Tubman remained there until ten 
years of age, afterward spending one year in school at Montreal. 
1 le came to this city in 1866. At the age of twelve years, he began 
business life in the employ of Charles Gossage as errand boy, with 
whom he remained one year. He was afterward employed' by the 
Western Union Telegraph Company, for some time, and subse- 
quently learned the trade of tinner. On July 16, 1872, he was en- 
gaged by Crane Brothers, and continued in their establishment until 
January 31, 1884. During the following month he purchased the 
interest of A. J. Brown, of the firm of Brown Brothers No 13 
Arcade Court, and on May i, 1884, the firm of Brown & Tubman 
removed to No. 149 Fifth Avenue, where they have since been in 
business. Mr. Tubman was married on December 10, 1879, to 
Louise Wagner, of Chicago. They have one daughter 
Louise. 

HORATIO PMRTER BLAIR, member of the firm of Blair, Hop- 
ns \ 1 >unlap, steam-heating, ventilating, etc. , was born at Collins- 
ville, Conn., on October 28, 1839. He attended the public schools 
o his native village until seventeen years of age, and then went to 
Muscatme. Iowa, where he entered the employ of E. W. Terry cV 
( "., wholesale clothing, boots and shoes, etc., with whom he re- 
named one year. Returning to Connecticut, he engaged in the 
hardware business with LeRoy & Co., in the capacity of head-clerk, 
and continued with that firm until 1860. In October of the same 
e formed a partnership with H. E. Spencer, and went into 
the steam heatmg trade in the city of Hartford, under the firm name 
II. 1 . I.lair \ ( o. At the end of three years, Mr. Spencer re- 
1'ivil from the hrm, and Mr. Blair conducted the business two years, 
Lmbler associated himself with the business, the firm 
*mg known as 1 1. P. Blair 6c Embler until 1872. Upon the disso- 



RE-BUILDING OF CHICAGO. 



95 



lution of the firm Mr. Blair went to Boston as chief-engineer for the 
Walker & Pratt Manufacturing Company, where he remained until 
1878. He then organized the Laflin Manufacturing Company, at 
\VestlieId, Mass., of which he was superintendent and chief-engi- 
neer one year. In 1880, he was engaged as superintendent and chief- 
engineer of the E. II. Cook Company, of Rochester, X. Y., and 
remained therewith until 1883, at which time he came to this city as 
manager of their western department, and in August, 1885, in con- 
nection with his present associates, succeeded the E. II. Cook Com- 
pany, Limited, as to their interests in the West. Mr. Hlair is one 
of the fathers of low-pressure steam-heating, and is regarded as an 
authority in that line of business. All of the largest contracts un- 
dertaken l>y the E. II. Cook Company were fulfilled under his per- 
sonal su)x:rvision as engineer, and all of them have been in every re- 
spect satisfactory. Mr. Hlair was mar- 
ried, on March 12, 1862, to Miss Eliza- 
beth M. Powers, of Hartford, Conn. 
They have two children, Elizabeth and 
Fred. 

JOHN T. HAMBLIN was born at New- 
ark, N. J., on July 5, 1835, and is the 
son of John anil Susanna (Ross) Ham- 
blin. His father removed to Xew York 
City in 1836, where John J. attended 
school until he was about fourteen years 
old, when he learned the trade of a 
plumber, and worked at Xew York City 
for seven years. In 1856, he came to 
Chicago, and was employed at his trade 
one year, when he engaged in the plumb- 
ing business with James McDonald, un- 
der the firm name of McDonald & 
Ilamblin. They carried on the business 
together until 1862, when the firm was 
dissolved. He then enlisted in the Chi- 
\Iercantile Battery, with which he 
served three years. After being mus- 
tered out of service, he returned to Chi- 
cago, and entered into partnership with 
loscph A. McCartney, under the stvle 
of McCartney <-V Hamblin. After eleven 
years, the firm dissolved, and Mr. Ilam- 
blin continued in the business until 1878, 
when he removed to Kansas, there en- 
gaging in farming for three years. That 
pursuit not proving remunerative, he re- 
turned to Chicago, and commenced the 
plumbing business again, in which he 
has since been engaged. Mr. Hamblin 
is a member of Dearborn Lodge, No. 
310, A.F. \ A.M. Mr. Hamblin was 
married, on November 25, 1857, to Miss 
Elizabeth Barnes, of Chicago. They 

ive children, Elizabeth J., Mary 
L., Charles 1!., Eva, and Isabella. 

B \SSKTT & BKAVKK. The business 
of this firm of dealers in artistic gas fix- 
tures and plumbers' supplies was estab- 
lished in 1858, byj. S. Bassett, on North 
Clark Street, opposite the old Revere 
House. A year later, Mr. Bassett sold 
out and went to California, where he 
remained until in rS6i, when he returned 
to this city, and formed a partnership with 
Simon Livingston, under the firm name 
of Livingston & Bassett, who opened a store at No. 134 Clark 
Street. This firm continued until in 1865, when it was dissolved, 
Mr. Livingston being succeeded by J. L. Pattison The new firm 
removed the place of business to No. Si Monroe Street, where it 
remained until in 1870, when it was dissolved and the firm of Bas- 
sett & Beaver was formed, J. E. Beaver having purchased Mr. 
Pattison's interest. The location was also changed, at the same 
time, to No. 78 Monroe Street. At this location they were burned 
out, and after the fire the lease was considered so valueless that 1 1 . 
H. Honore purchased it for $10,000. The firm then rented a store 
in the First M. E. Church Block, No. 113 Clark Street, where, after 
a successful business career of two years, they erected a four-story 
building, seventy-five feet square, in the rear of their rented store, 
and exclusively occupied its floors. By the panic of 1873 they lost 
$100,000, mainly in failing to collect from heavy firms or companies, 
ami were thus so crippled that it became necessary to compromise 
with their creditors. After making a settlement they started again 
al Nos. 229-31 State Street, remaining there one year, when they 
sold their lease to the \Yakcheld Rattan Company for$I,ooo, and 
moved to Xos. 37-39 Adams Street, where they remained one and 



a half years. They then moved to their present location, No. 215 
State Street. Here they occupy the basement and the first floor of 
the building, the first floor being divided into three show-rooms. 
They employ from forty to fifty men, and transact an annual busi- 
ness of about 8100,000. They have the exclusive agency for the 
J. Buck, Son Ov; Co., manufacturers, of Philadelphia, and of the 
Traverse & Murray Manufacturing Company, of Xew York City. 
They are doing a very large plumbing business, which is in charge 
of Mr. ilassett and Ilendrick Hughes, the gas-fixture business be- 
ing in charge of Mr. Beaver. On January I, 1885, Mr. Bassctt 
closed out his interest to the Beaver, Hughes \ \\~etmoreCompanv 
(who continued the old business at the same site), and went into the 
plumbing business by himself, at No. 235 Dearborn Street. This 
company has been regularly incorporated, anil has a capital stock of 




PKAIKIE AVENUE AM) TWENTY-SECOND STREET. 



$25,000. Its officers are as follows: James E. Beaver, president ; 
Hendrick Hughes, superintendent; and John O. Wetmore, secre- 
tary and treasurer. 

Jiiincs Sinilh Bassett (deceased) was born in Delaware County, 
N. Y., on March 2, 1834. His father, Cornelius Bassett, was a son 
of one of the original settlers upon Massachusetts soil, the family 
having located at what is now known as Martha's Vineyard. In 
1849, when only fifteen years of age, James came to Chicago, as a 
plumber's apprentice in the employ of Thomas George, with whom 
he remained for seven years. At the end of that time, he set up in 
business with a Mrs. Rose, and was, with the exception when ab- 
sent for a time in California, actively identified in that line of busi- 
ness until his death in 1885. Mr. Bassett was an active Mason, 
and was a member of Apollo Commandery, No. I, K.T., of this 
city. He married, in 1866, Miss Jennie Beaver, daughter of Mrs. 
Jane A. Beaver, of Aurora, 111. They had two children, lames 
Eugene and George. Mr. and Mrs. Bassett were counted among 
the valuable members of ihe \Vabash Avenue M. F.. Church, he 
having been one of its officers for many years and until his death. 

fames A', liwivr was born at Sugar Grove, Kane Co. 111., in 



HISTORY Oh' CHICAGO. 



[848. His parents were James and Jane A. Braver. He was 
ed and educated at Aurora, graduating in 1864 from the Jen- 
nings College of that ]>!.iee. lie then went into the mercantile 
business in Aurora, am! remained there until in iS6i), when he came 
to t hicago, and entered tile linn of I'.assett \ I leaver. lie married, 
in is;i. Miss Marion I.annon, daughter of Philip I .armon, a well- 
known capitalist of Chicago. They have two children living, 
Maiion l.onise and James L., Jr. Mr. Heaver is a prominent 
Mason, and a member of \polloComniandcry, No. I, K.T.; he is 
also president of IheG.A.K. Social Club of Veterans. He and his 
wif. and active members of the \Vabash AM nilr M. I'!. 

Church, of which Mr. Ik-aver has been one of the ofticers for many 
years. 

II. \l. \\n.\i\Kiii\ BKM. -This firm was founded in 1X51), 
bv Henry M. \\'ilmarth. His tirst establislnncut was at No. "75 
Ninth ('lark Street, where lie remained until I.S62. He then re- 
mo\ed to No. i^J Lake Stl he continued until lS6<j. In 

the mear.time, in 18(14, lit associated with him T. \V. \Vilmarth, 
under the firm name and si\Ie of II. M. \Vilinarth & llro. The 
rn was then removed to the famous old dry goods stand of 
Ster, at what was then Nos. i(,--( K ) Lake Street, where 
the lirst MM:I displaying the name of the new firm was put in place. 
The tin- of [87] destroyed this store with all its contents. In a 
few days after the lire, Henry M. opened the two parlors of his 
priva: ,. \,,. 222 Michigan Avenue, as a salesroom and 

rcpo-,iior\ for gas-fixtures, and his stable adjoining as a work-shop. 
He subsequently purchased the Church of the Messiah, on the cor- 
ner of Hubbard Court and \\abash Avenue, and soon transformed 
it in!' it store, where, until 1874, the firm carried on their 

business. From there they removed to Nos. nii-ij", State Street, ad- 
joining the new Palmer House. Henry M. then purchased lots 
Nos. JJ ; -'7 State .Street, and at once 'erected the fine building 
which this firm now occupies, moving into these new quarters in 
February, 1879. 11. M. Wilmarth.V l!ro. are the sole agents for 
Mitchell, Vance \ Co., of New York-, and they deal in the highest 
of fine gas-fixtures and their appurtenances. Henry M., the 
member of the firm, died in this city on February '27, 1885, 
ami the business is now conducted by his surviving brother, 
Thomas \V. 

11,-tiry M. irilmarlli (deceased) was born in Newport, X. II., 
on January -j;, i - ;d, and is the son of Jonathan M. and Lucy 
(Cheney) \Vilniarlh. He received his education in the common 
schools of that vicinity. In 1856, he came to Chicago, and became 
a clerk in the gas-fitting establishment of Gerould Brothers, with 
whom he remained until his succession to their business, which he 
carried on until the day of his decease. He was one of the original 
stockholders of the First National Bank of Chicago, and was a 
director of that institution from the time of its organization. He 
was ,,ne of the original guarantors for the support of Professor 
g's Church. In commercial and domestic life he was well 
known for his strict fidelity to every engagement and his compre- 
hensive liberality and benevolence. 'His loss was deeply felt, not 
alone by his friends, but also by those who had had the least 



gave a judicial qu , , 

his mind. lie was married, on May 21, iSdi, to Miss Mary J. 
Hawes, of New Bedford. Mass. He died on February 27, 1885^ 
leaving two children, Stella and Anna H. 

Til'i\us W uisvuikni \\II.\IAKIH was born at Newport N 
II. . on September 3, 1843. He was educated in the schools of his 
native place and at Kimball Union Academy, of Meriden, N. II. 

ing school in the fall of 1861, he came to Chicago in 1862^ 
where he associated himself in the gas-fixtures business with his 
brother Henry M.,and preserved this connection continuously from 
that time until the death of his brother, with the exception of some 
live years between ts 77 and [883, when his health was so impaired 
that he rested at Crown I'oint. Ind. Mr. \\ilmarth is a member 
of Oriental Lodge, No. 33, A.F. \ A.M., and of Oriental Sover- 
eign Consistory. S.I'. U.S., 3 2 J . He is also a member of the Caiu- 
met ( lub, of the Washington I'ark Club, and of the Tolleston and 
other Shooting dabs. Mr. \Yilmarth was married, on June 21 
1870, to Miss Julia Sophia llartlett, of Binghamton, N V They 
have had three children, Kay Bartlett, Thomas Henry (died Anri'l 
18, i : dith Gertrude. 

' UA " u - "usland, Mid-Lothian, Scotland on 

January 25, 1826, and is the s,, n ,,f j ohn ;1M ,| Catharine (Dewart 

After finishing his studies in the schools of his native place 

he went to Edinburgh, in 1842, and was apprenticed to a plumber 




tions were all swept away in the fire of 1871. He immediately 
erected a one-story brick building on the corner of Harrison Street 
and Fourth Avenue, :rnd commenced business again. It was the 
first brick house built and occupied after the fire, and it is still 
standing. Mr. Watt has done the plumbing in many of the finest 
buildings in the city, such as the Grand Pacific Hotel, the Chamber 
of i omincrcc, Tribune Building, the new Board of Trade Building, 
and many fine residences. 1 le keeps on hand a full stock of plumb- 
ers' supplies, and employs a large force of men. Mr. Watt was 
married, at New York City, in September, 1852, to Miss Catharine 
Wilson, of Edinburgh. She died in 1860, leaving three children, 
John F"., Robert G. and Agnes E. Mr. Walt was again married 
in September, 1862, to Miss Annie McGowan, of Albany. N. Y. 
By this marriage there are seven children, James McGowan, 
Archibald M., Frederick IL, William II., Annie McGowan, Jen- 
nette M. anil I lattie S. 

M. RYAN t v BKHTIIKK. The business of this firm was estab- 
lished in 1870, by Michael Ryan, and the present firm was organ- 
ized in 1871, by Michael and Thomas Ryan. They do a general 
business as plumbers and gas-litters, and are also dealers in gas- 
fixtures, ami have built up a very large trade. They have done the 
plumbing and gas-fitting in many of the best buildings in the city, 
and have done a large share of their line of public work for the city 
and county. 

Michutl Ryan was born in Ireland, on Easter Sunday, 1846, 
and is the son of Michael and Kate (Gleason) Ryan. He came to 
America in 1860, and settled at Cincinnati, Ohio, where he learned 
the plumber's trade, at which he worked seven years. He then 
came to Chicago, where he has since resided. I Ir was employed at 
his trade as a journeyman until 1870, when he engaged in the plumb- 
ing business on his own account, which he carried on until 1871, 
when his brother Thomas went into business with him and the pres- 
ent firm was organized. Mr. Ryan has always taken an active part 
in public affairs. He was elected alderman of the Fifteenth Ward 
in 1874; in 1876, he was elected alderman of the Fourteenth Ward, 
re-elected in 1877, and served until 1879; was again elected in 1882 
and in 1884. He is at present a member of the City Council. He 
was married, on August 17, 1865, to Miss Annie Feeny, of Coving- 
ton, Ky. They have six children living, James J., Michael T., 
Robert E., Sarah, John McHale, and Annie Mary. 

Thfinias Ky,in is the son of Michael and Kale (Gleason) Kyan, 
and was born in Ireland, on October 13, 1844. He came to 
America in 1861, and went to Cincinnati, Ohio, where he learned 
the trade of a plumber. After he had served his apprenticeship, he 
worked as a journeyman in most of the principal cities of the West. 
He came to Chicago in 1871, and engaged in business with his 
brother Michael, under the present firm name. He is a practical 
plumber, and has devoted his entire time to advancing the interests 
of the firm. Mr. Ryan was married, in July, 1869, to Miss 
Bridget Gleason, of St. Joseph, Mo. 

JAMES 11. ROCIIK, plumber, gas-fitter, and sewer-builder, was 
born at Philadelphia, Penn., on August 16, 1851, and is the son of 
James and Theresa (Kavanaugh) Roche. In 1861, his parents re- 
moved to Springfield, 111., where James H. attended a Catholic 
school until 1867, when he learned the plumber's trade from A J 
Babcock, with whom he remained four years. In 1871, he came to 
Chicago, and was employed by Daniels & Brown for two years, by 
I homas McKenney for one year, and by Harper & Skinner for two 
years. In 1873, he succeeded Harper & Skinner, and in 1878 
formed a partnership with D. & J. Hardin, under the firm name of 
Koche cV Hardin. They remained together two years, when the 
firm was dissolved, since which time Mr. Roche has carried on the 
trade by himself. He was one of the first plumbers to get a sewer- 
builder s license in connection with plumbing, and has by persever- 
ance and strict attention to the requirements of his calling, built up 
a large and prosperous trade, and has fitted up many of the finest 
and best buildings in the city and suburbs. 

TIITI.E & COLEMAN was originally established in 1875 by 
George Tipple and Rupert Coleman, who carried on the business 
)f plumbing and gas-fitting for about three years, when the firm 
was dissolved and the business was continued by George Tipple 
until 1884. In the latter year, the same parties again formed a 
partnership, under the present firm name. They are both practical 
plumbers, and have a good trade fairly established 

Gtotgt TiMU was born in England, on April 6, 1847, and is 

he son of Robert and Mary (Steele) Tipple. His parents moved 

o America m 1853, and settled in Chicago, where George attended 

the public schools. In 1867, he learned the plumber's trade, and 

serving his apprenticeship he worked as a journeyman until 

the f'rm I'T^ ^ , business with Rpe" Coleman, under 

n name of 1 ,pp| e fc Coleman. At the end of three years, the 



account, which lie followed for thirteen years. In 1865 he came 
to Chicago, where he built up a large "trade, but his accumula- 




RE -BUILDING OF CHICAGO. 



97 



to Miss Mary Nixon, of Chicago. They have two children, 
George and Mary. 

Rupert Colcman is the son of Thomas and Ann (( Irantham) 
Coleman, and was born in Oxfordshire, England, on May 14, 1852. 
lie came to Chicago, with his parents, in 1868. He learned the 
plumber's and gas-litter's trade, at which he worked until 1875, 
when he became connected with George Tipple. They remained 
together about three years, when the firm was dissolved, and he then 
was employed as a journeyman plumber until 1884, when he formed 
the present partnership. Mr. Coleman was married on September 
30, 1879, to Selina Thorpe, of Chicago. They have one child, 
Hessie. 

\Vii.i.i.\M !'. G \v iV Co. The business of this firm of plumbers 
and gas-fitters was established in 1877, by William V. Gay, and the 
present firm was organized in the spring of 1885, by William !'. Gay 
and Thomas ]'. Cullton. They do a general business as plumbers 
and gas-titters, and, by industry and close attention to business, 
have built up a good and prosperous trade. 

William F. 1,'ny was born at Chicago, on September 22, 1855, 
and is the son of John and Ilridget (White) ( lay. 1 le was educated 
at the 1 loly Name ( 'ollege, at Chicago, from which he graduated in 
1874. lie was then employed in the seed store of l''ogg <.V Son for 
about two years. In iS6(>, he commenced the plumber's and gas- 
litter's trade with I.aiie \ Rock, for whom he worked about eight 
years, lie was then engaged by the county, on the Insane Asy- 
lum, at Jefferson, until 1877, when he engaged in business on his 
own account. In I' S S5, he formed a partnership with Thomas I'. 
Cullton, under the above firm name. 

77/i'M/is r. L'ul/lon is the son of Thomas P. and Margaret 
(Welch) Cullton, and was born at Chicago, on May 5, 1861. He 
attended the public schools until 1877, when he learned the plumb- 
er's trade from William ]'. Gay, for whom he worked until he 
entered into business with him, in 1885. 

FKF.IIKKH'K NECSTADT, plumber, gas-litter, and sewer-builder, 
was born at l''rankl'ort-on-the-Main, Germany, i;n December 25, 
1846, and is the son of Frederick and Katie (Nix) Neustadt. He 
attended the common schools until he was fourteen years of age, 
when he was apprenticed to a plumber. After he had served his 
time, he worked at the trade, in his native place, until 1870, when he 
came to Chicago, and was employed by different plumbers for about 
nine years. In i>79, he commenced business on his own account, 
which he has since followed. lieing a practical mechanic and skill- 
ful workman, and having given his entire time and attention to the 
business, he has built up a large and prosperous trade in the city and 
suburbs. Mr. Neustadt is a member of Mithra Lodge, No. 410, 
A.F. ..V A.M. Mr. .Neustadt was married, on May 24, 1870, to 
Miss Linda Meissner, of Germany. She died in September, 1876, 
leaving one child, Charles A. He was married the second time, 
on ( Ictober 2S, i S.so, to Miss Mary Rayman, of Chicago. 

JOHN F. AI.I.ES & liKOTHKK. The business of this firm of 
plumbers, gas-titters, and sewer-builders, was established in 1881, 
bv John F. , Mies. In iSS2, Joseph W. Alles became conm-cied 
with the business and the present linn was organized. From a 
very small beginning, they have succeeded in building up a large 
and prosperous trade. Koth are practical and experienced plumb- 
ers, and have attended to the plumbing, gas-lilting, and house- 
drainage of many of the finest houses in the northern part of the 
city and at Lake View. 

John /'. A Hi's was born at Chicago, on May 6, 1858, and is 
the son of Frank and Catharine ( I'roesel) Alles. He attended tin- 
public schools until 1871, when he learned the plumber's and gas- 
litter's trade, at which he worked about ten years. He commenced 
business on his own account in 1881, and carried on the trade alone 
one year, when he admitted Joseph W. Alles, a younger brother, into 
the present partnership, John V . is a member of Lincoln Park 
Council, No. 871, Royal Arcanum. Mr. Alles was married, on 
October 26, 1881, to Miss I.ona Goeltz, of Chicago. They have 
two children, Catharine and Mary J. 

Joscfili IV. Alles is the son of Frank and Catharine (Proesel) 
Alles, and was born at Chicago, on November 26, 1861. When 
he was about thirteen years of age, he left school and commenced 
to learn the plumber's trade, which he has since followed. He 
worked for different parties until 1882, when he formed a partner- 
ship with his brother, John F. Alles, since which time he has been 
an active member of the present firm. 

PAINTERS AND DECORATORS. The number of firms 
and individuals in Chicago engaged solely in decorative 
art is not large, but has doubled since the fire. The 
number of general house-painters is very great, and 
many of these are capable of doing, and in fact do, work 
of a genuinely artistic character; but of those who de- 
vote themselves exclusively to fresco painting there are 
hardly a score. The re-building of the city attracted to 



Chicago a number of workmen in this, as in "every other, 
department of mechanical art. Among them were, of 
course, men of all grades of ability; but the erection of 
the many palatial private residences brought to the city 
decorators of unsurpassed skill from the East, some of 
whom had acquired their knowledge under masters in 
foreign lands. Decorations in Chicago, on the public 
and office buildings, compare favorably with those on 
buildings of a similar class in any other city of the 
country, while those in many of the homes of private 
citizens of wealth are marvels of taste and beauty. 

Of course, however, not every resident has the 
means, even had he the taste or inclination, to adorn his 
residence in such a style, and the great mass of private 
dwellings are painted by workmen engaged in the gen- 
eral branches of the trade. Of such establishments 
there are in Chicago a large number, many of them of 
considerable size, employing numerous skillful work- 
men, and carrying on an extensive business. 

The manufacture of paints and varnishes in this city 
has attained considerable magnitude since the year 
1870. The visitor to Chicago, as well as many of her 
own citizens, may find a beautiful illustration of the 
progress made in this direction by a visit to the per- 
manent building exhibit, reference to which has been 
already made. Here, arranged in artistic grouping, are 
specimens of the products of the city's paint works. 

The following tables show the increase in these 
branches of manfacture, as gathered from the census 
reports for 1870 and 1880: 

PAINTS. 





.0 a 


Hands 










Year. 




em- 


Capital. 


Wages. 


Material. 


Product. 




W T? 


ployed. 










1870 


4 


70 


$368,000 


$ 33,850 


$ 471,875 


$ 544,400 


I880 


12 


276 


785,500 


153,128 


2,110,845 


2,796,000 



VARNISHKS. 





.c c 


Hands 










Year 




cm- 


Capital. 


Wages. 


Material. 


Product. 




| 


ployed 










1870 


4 


27 


$225,OOO 


$24,750 


SKJ3.380 


$445,000 


I88o 


4 


33 


2O7,OOO 


24,646 


302,600 


389,000 



THE HEATH & MIU.IGAN MANUFACTURING COMPANY, man- 
ufacturers of dry colors, white and colored leads, mixed paints, 
etc., was founded in February, 1851, by Monroe Heath, at No 
179 Randolph Street. Trade soon sought Mr. Heath, and the 
business has, since its establishment, kept pace with the city's 
growth to metropolitan proportions. The name and style of the 
house has undergone several changes, as has the personnel of its 
proprietors, but Mr. Heath has been at its head from the date of 
its formation. In 1854, he formed a partnership with Eben Hurd, 
of New Hampshire, who had located in Chicago. Two years later, 
a removal was made to Franklin Street, between Randolph and 
Lake. In 1860, the firm removed to Lake Street, near the corner 
of South Water ; and in 1863, to No. 167 Randolph Street, almost 
opposite their present location. In the latter year, Mr. T. R. 
Wood succeeded Mr. Ilurd as partner, and the firm name was 
changed to T. R. Wood cS: Co. In 1865, Mr. Wood retired, and 
William F. Milligan, who had been connected with the house for 
some years, was admitted as a partner, the firm then becoming Heath 
& Milligan. In 1868, they moved to their present location, Nos. 
17010 174 Randolph Street. In August, 1870, they were burned 
out, but immediately rebuilt. Not long after their establishment 
in their new house, the fire of 1871 destroyed both building and 
stock. Notwithstanding this succession of reverses, the house 
scarcely suspended business for a single day. Immediately after 
the lire, they secured temporary quarters at No. 103 West Ran- 
dolph Street, and soon began the erection of a new building on the 
former site. This was pushed with such vigor that it was ready 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



for occupancy early in 1872. The building is one of the hnest in 
that vicinity. In ' >M . a joint stock company was formed under the 
style of The Heath \ Milligan Manufacturing Company, with 
Monroe Heath a- president, \Y. I-'. Milligan as vice-president, 
and Krnest W. Heath as secretary ami treasurer. The specialties 



of the company are the manufacture of white lead, ground colors, 
dry colors, mixed paint in Japan anil oils, anil paint Specialties of 
all' ,], lloth Mr. Heath and Mr. Milligan are practical 




equipped with special machinery, much of which has been designed 
and constructed l.y Mr. lleatli. Their jobbing trade extend- to 
..11 point- of the compass. In addition to the prominent position 
Mr. Heath ha- so long occupied in commercial circles, he has also 
received substantial evidence of the esteem in which he is held by 
the people at large, having been m.uor of Chicago from 1876 to 
1879. Mr Heath i- a native of New Hampshire, and was born in 
i - j; ; he came to Chicago in 1850, and has ever since lived in this 
city. 

BYRON A. BALDWIN, manager for Chicago of the great paint 
hon-e of |ohn \V. Masury \ Son, first visited this city in 1856, 
when a mere boy. lie then resided at F.rie, I'enn., where he was 
born At an early day, his uncle became proprietor of an oil well, 

i'l Creek, about thirty miles from Krie, and young Baldwin 
was sent on the road to introduce his " brand " and also to handle 
tin goods of Masury \ \Vhiton, of New York City. In 1861, he 
e-tal)Iished the Pennsylvania Oil Company, at Milwaukee, where 
he had relatives and friends. In 1864, he framed out and came to 
Chicago, when the same house was re-established. Thus he re- 
mained until 1869, when he bought the Everett House, which was 
burned in the great tire of 1871, and he removed to St. Louis, Mo., 
where he had a short hotel experience. He then traveled for a 
number of years for John \V. Masury iv. Son, and in 1877 was ap- 
pointed manager of that firm's interests in Chicago. He first 
established himself on Wabash Avenue, but the business increased 
-o rapidly that, in iSSi, an elegant store was erected at No-,. 
H)i-<>2 Michigan Avenue. When Mr. I'.aldwin opened the Chi- 
cago house, the business transacted the first year was about 
250,000, and these figures have since been increased threefold. 
Ten salesmen are constantly on the road, their territory including 
everything west of Pennsylvania. Among other noteworthy enter- 
prises in which Mr. Baldwin is interested may be mentioned the 
People's Building and Loan Association. It is the parent of all 
such organizations in Chicago, having been inaugurated in 1874, 
and has now about Si).<xx> invested. I''or the past six years, Mr. 
Baldwin has been a director of the Association. 

l;i \IV\IIN !'. CIIA-K was born at Webster, Worcester Co., 
Ma-s., on < Mober 14, 1830. His father, John Chase, who was a 
native of Rhode Island, lived at Webster for sixty years, and his 
mother, Mary (Dean) Chase, died there when he was a child. Un- 
til he was fifteen years of age, he attended the public schools. 
In 1845, he came to Chicago with a sister and brother-in-law. 
Immediately after his arrival, he went to Barrington, Cook County, 
where he worked for his board, and attended school in the winter 
months of 184547, and returning to Chicago during the spring, 
summer and fall seasons, to complete his knowledge of sign-paint- 
ing. Soon after he located permanently in Chicago. The follow- 
ing winter he taught an evening school for boys. About this time 
lu- obtained a situation with Thomas Shergold, No. log Randolph 

;, who was engaged in general house and sign painting. At 
the annual exhibition at the Mechanics' Institute, in 1848, he re- 
ceived the prize for the best apprentice work there shown, his work 
being acknowledged to be better than any journeyman work ex- 
hibited. On March I, 1841), he entered into partnership with his 
employer, under the firm name of Shergold & Chase. On May I, 
following, they changed their place of business to No. 108 Ran- 
dolph Street. The partnership continued about a year and a half, 
at the end of which time Mr. Shergold presented Mr. Chase with 

.thing connected with the business, including the good-will, 
and retired from the firm. About the year 1857, Mr. Chase formed 
a partnership with David T. Walker, under the firm name of 
!'.. 1 . i h.is, \ Walker. In addition to sign-painting, they carried 
on the wall-paper trade, both wholesale and retail, and prospered 
in both branches up to the fire of 1871, which destroyed their 
building. Mr. Chase immediately erected a temporary place of 
business on the old site. Although Mr. Chase lost heavily by the 
lire, and reali/ed nothing from his insurance policies, yet his busi- 
ness steadily recovered, and even far exceeded, its former propor- 
tions. In sign-painting he undoubtedly carried on the largest 
business in the United States. As soon as practicable, the store at 
No. r_>5 Fifth Avenue (a large and handsome marble front build- 
ing, consisting of four stories and basement) was erected by Mr. 
Chase for his own use. Mr. Chase's prosperity is due to his 



earnest and undeviating pursuit of the high standard he has always 
set before him. The same consistent character is exhibited 
by his patient advancement in school and his faithful per- 
formance of the obligations of his maturer life. While he has 
never permitted himself to be placed in public life, he has 
always given cordial support to all measures tending toward the 
development of the city. Me is a republican, but has not taken 
an active part in politics. He has been a member of the Masonic 
fraternity for over twenty years, and has been connected with the 
Odd Fellows for over thirty years. Mr. Chase was married in Chi- 
cago, in 1852, to Miss Lovina W. Lamb, of Ashtabula County, 
Ohio. Of their six children, three boys and a girl are living and 
two boys have died. 

THOMAS NELSON (deceased) was born in County Meath, Ire- 
land, on June I, 1827, and during his boyhood attended such schools 
as the country afforded, and then learned the trade of painting. 
At the age of twenty-one, he came to this country, and for a few 
years worked in New York City, where he displayed his ability as a 
first-class mechanic. In 1852, he came to Chicago, and, after a 
tour through the West and South, finally located here in 1853, es- 
tablishing himself in business as a decorative, house, and sign 
painter. He soon won the confidence and secured the patronage of 
the business community, and was recognized as a skillful and faith- 
ful workman. His success was assured and rapid. In 1871 and 
1874, he met with heavy losses, but his indomitable energy 
enabled him speedily to recover from the effect of his reverses, and 
from the last mentioned date his success was remarkable. He was 
awarded the contract for painting, glazing, and frescoing the new 
County Building, probably the largest job in this line of work ever 
let in this city; and the taste and fidelity with which it was executed 
earned for him a deservedly high reputation among the citizens of 
Chicago. On October 22', 1858, he married, in this city, Miss 
Catharine Lamb. They have had four children, one of whom, W. 
P. Nelson, is the secretary of the Master Painters' Association. 
Mr. Nelson, Sr., died, after a short illness, on April 3, 1882. The 
business which he established is still conducted under the firm name 
of T. Nelson & Son, \V. P. Nelson being the active manager of 
the same. 

\\ ILI.IAM EDMONDS is the son of Joseph and Mary (Stacy) 
Edmonds, and was born at London, England, on September 19, 
1813. After obtaining an education sufficient to enable him to en- 
gage in commerce, he associated himself with his brother in the ship- 
ping interest, of which he eventually became proprietor. In 1836, 
he disposed of his business interest. The following ten months he 
passed in France, engaged in no particular calling. In the latter 
part of 1837 he immigrated to this country, locating at Brooklyn, 
-N. V. Shortly after his arrival in America, circumstances induced 
him to acquire a trade. Being something of an artist, he, after a 
short experience, mastered the sign-painter's trade, and so success- 
ful was he in that particular branch that he determined to give 
it his exclusive attention. Five years following his effort, he estab- 
lished a business of his own, in New York City and Brooklyn, 
which he continued for fifteen years. In the fall of 1862, the rapid 
growth of Chicago induced him to come here and identify himself 
with its vast commercial advance. Within a few weeks after his 
arrival he started in the sign and ornamental painting business. 
Mr. FMmonds is one of the pioneers in his line of business in Chi- 
cago. For more than twenty years he has been identified with the 
business interests of Chicago. His memory of the city dates back 
to the days when it was struggling for the proud position it holds 
to-day; when not a few of the principal streets were made conspic- 
uous by the placards planted in their midst, " No bottom here." He 
was married at London, F)ngland, to Pho:be Tyrrell. They have 
three children. 

Wni i AM HENRY CONNOR is the son of John and Bridget 
n i' Neil) Connor, and was born in the village of'Union, Canada, 
on September 19, 1857. When he was inhiseighth year, his parents 
moved to London, Ontario, where he attended school for several 
years. Then he turned his attention to the acquirement of a trade. 
After due deliberation, and much opposition on the part of his 
parents, he concluded to follow the occupation of a painter, a pur- 
suit for which he possessed natural ability. At the close of his term, 
as apprentice to a London firm, he went to St. Thomas, and secured 
a position in the employ of the Canada Southern Railroad. In 
1880, a desire to see something of the United States induced him to 
relinquish the business connections and come to this city. Shortly 
after his arrival here, he entered the employ of the Pullman Palace 
Car Company, at Pullman, 111., as ornamental painter on Pullman 
coaches. For eight months he followed that work, and then located 
in this city and established himself in the business of an ornamental 
and sign-painter. Mr. Connor is something more than a mere 
painter of signs. His work is evidence that he is the possessor of 
the ability of an artist painter. He was married to Hattie Richon, 
on November 21, 1884, in this city. 

SAMUEL STEDMAN BARRY, founder of the well-known painting 



RE -BUILDING OF CHICAGO. 



99 



and decorating establishment of S. S. Barry & Son, was born at 
Salem, Mass., on March 19, 1811, and is descended from a line of 
ancestors long connected with scientific pursuits. He was given a 
liberal education, anil at the age of fourteen took up the business of 
decorative painting, at which he subsequently served a thorough ap- 
prenticeship. He then began business on his own account at Salem, 
where he remained until 1837. In that year he came W;st, arriving 
here, on November 27, on the brig " Indiana," making the last 
trip of the season. Soon after, he located in Lake County, but, in 
1840, returned to Chicago, where he founded the business in which 
he is still engaged. The house of which Mr. Barry is at the head, 
ranks among the largest of its kind in the West, employing nearly 
one hundred and fifty skilled workmen, and doing a trade amount- 
ing to nearly $150,00(5 per annum. Mr. Harry has always taken an 
active interest in the progress of Chicago. He is a member of both 
the Masonic and Odd Fellows fraternities, in which he has been an 
active worker for the past thirty years. In earlier days he belonged 
to the city lire force, and ran with Engine No. 2, then called the 
"Metamora." Mr. Barry married, in 1837, Miss Abigail C. Ab- 
bott, of Salem, Mass. They have one son and two daughters liv- 
ing, George, associated with his father in business ; Helen S., now 
the wife of Joseph Sayers, who is connected with the well-known 
firm of N. K. Kairbank & Co.; Abbie Maria, the remaining 
daughter, is at home; Martha Etesa (deceased) was the wife of 
Kev. Horace J. Swift. 

JAVKS BKKNARD SULLIVAN, of the firm of J. B. Sullivan & 
Bro., painting, decorating in fresco, etc., is the son of Michael and 
Hannah Sullivan, and was born at Troy, New York, on November 
29, 1830. He remained at home until he was twenty years of age, 
daring which time he received a thorough education, and then went 
l New York, where he engaged with John S. Perry, painter, decor- 
ator, etc., with whom he continued one year. After mastering his 
trade, he continued his vocation, in Troy, until 1855, when he came 
to Chicago. In the following year he began business on his own 
account, and in 1857 established himself at Nos. 266-68 North 
Clark Street, his present location. He associated with his brother, 
M. J. Sullivan, in 1869, under the firm name of |. 11. Sullivan & Bro. 
This establishment has kept pace with the rapid development of the 
decorative art, and is recognized by the trade and the public as one 
of the leading houses in the Northwest. First-class materials and 
expert workmen are only employed, and to these aids the Messrs. 
Sullivan attribute their success. Mr. Sullivan was married, in 1859, 
to Miss Margaret Cunningham, of Schenectady, N. Y., who died 
in 1868, leaving four children, Mary K., Margaret F., James B. 
and Agnes M. His second marriage, to Miss Elizabeth Glass- 
brook, of Chicago, occurred in 1870; they have two children, 
Joseph and Irene. 

MiriiAKI. JDSKI-II Sri. I, IVAN, of the firm of J. B. Sullivan & 
Bro., painting, decorating, etc., is the son of Michael and Hannah 
Sullivan, and was born at Troy, N. Y., on October 3, 1846. He 
attended the public schools of his native city until fourteen years 
of age, when he came to this city, and engaged in his trade in the 
establishment of his brother, J. I). Sullivan. In 1869, he succeeded 
to one-third interest in the firm of |. B. Sullivan & Bro., and in 
1872 became full partner. He- is thoroughly conversant with the 
details of the decorative art, and is known to the public as one of 
the best-posted men in the trade. Mr. Sullivan was married, on 
Octnbfr 3, 1.172, to Miss Ellen Braley, an accomplished lady of 
Chicago. They have two children, Francis J. and Marie E. 

\\ ALL PAPER. No manufactories of wall paper are 
in Chicago, all goods of that description used here being 
brought from other (chiefly Eastern) markets. That 
the days wherein many of the Eastern dealers considered 
" anything good enough for Chicago trade " have finally 
passed away, is illustrated by the advance made in the 
.style, beauty and finish of wall paper exposed for sale 
in the stores of this metropolis. Art designs of exquisite 
beauty are now ordered by Chicago dealers, many of 
whom carry stocks vieing in extent and assortment with 
those of any other city. This city has become the cen- 
ter of a large and growing wholesale trade, whose ramifi- 
cations extend over the entire West and Northwest. 

NAT. FAXON- is the son of John and Lucy Faxon, and was 
born ..n March 10, 1835, at Ouincy, Mass., where his parents lived 
and died. Mr. Faxon was educated in the common .schools of 



Oumcy. After leaving school, he went to Boston and entered the 
employ of a commission house, in which he remained five years. 
In July, 1853, he came to Chicago and opened a wall-paper si 
in company with his brother, E. G. L. Faxon. This was 



years, 
itore, 
un- 



doubtedly, the first house in Chicago which dealt exclusively in wall 
paper. 'I lie firm remained the same until 1870, when E G 1 
Faxon died, after which Messrs. Ililger and Jenkins entered 'into the 



partnership, and the style of the firm was changed to Ililger, Jen- 
kins & Faxon, and so continued until 1876, when the firm ceased 
business. I luring the partnership of the two brothers, in 1856, they 
established a branch house at Milwaukee, of which Nat. Faxon took 
charge, remaining there seven years After closing business in Chi- 
cago, Mr. Faxon went into the employ of the Chicago Carpet Com- 
pany, managing the wall-paper branch of their business for four years. 
He then established himself in the wall-paper business, and now 
carries a heavy stock and has a choice trade. Mr. Faxon is a mem- 
ber of Genesee Falls Lodge, A.F. & A.M., of Rochester, N. Y. 
In 1859 he married Miss Josephine, daughter of Joel Hood, then 
residents of Milwaukee, but natives of New York. There have 
been three children by this marriage, Clarence Hardwick and 
Harry Dean (twins), and Marion Louise. Mrs. Faxon died in 
July, 1880. 

SPOOR MACKEY, proprietor of the extensive wall-paper house 
on Wabash Avenue, is a native of Albany County, N. Y., where he 
was born on November 10, 1842, and is a son of Eli and Roxaline 
(Frair) Mackey, also natives of the same place. Mr. Mackey is a 
graduate of the best schools in his native county. He was reared 
on a farm, and remained there until he was twenty-one years of age. 
Leaving home in 1865, he came to Chicago and became a partner 
in the old wall-paper firm of Allen & Mackey, which continued until 
the fire of 1871. Soon after this event, he established a house for 
himself, in the same business, and now has the satisfaction of 
knowing that his wholesale trade is the fourth in magnitude in the 
United States, while his wholesale and retail trade, combined, place 
his house in the third rank. In 1873, Mr. Mackey was married to 
Miss Ellen, daughter of Alonzo and Mercy (Rice) Kent, natives of 
New York, where they now live. They have two children, Alonzo 
Kent and Edwin Moore. Mrs. Mackey is a member of the Presby- 
terian Church. 

RIIIIKKT T. MARTIN was born on July 20, 1847, in Phila- 
delphia, Penn., and is a son of Robert and Ann E. (Mackin) 
Martin, who were natives and early residents of that city. He re- 
ceived his education in the public schools of his native place, and 
first entered commercial life as a clerk, in a commission house at 
Philadelphia, at the early age of thirteen years. He remained 
there for ten years, and in 1870 came to Chicago, and engaged 
in general business, continuing therein until the fire of 1871. After 
that event he commenced the furniture and piano business, which he 
continued until 1881, when he retired from that branch of trade, 
and engaged in the wholesale and retail wall-paper business, with 
which he has become prominently identified and in which he is still 
engaged. Notwithstanding the cares incidental to the transaction 
of his large and prosperous business, Mr. Martin finds time and 
attention to devote to literature and bibliology, in the prosecution of 
which latter study he has acquired some of the rarest books pertain- 
ing to that science, in Chicago, as will be seen by reference to the 
first volume of this History, wherein some of the rarest books pub- 
lished in this city, and still extant, are accredited to Mr. Martin's 
library. In 1869, he was married to Miss Caroline H. South, a 
daughter of William and Eliza W. South, who were natives of 
Philadelphia. They have three children, George South, Anne 
Harold, and Robert South. Mr. and Mrs. Martin are members of 
Christ Reformed Episcopal Church, of which congregation they are 
prominent members and wherein they are active workers. Mr. 
Martin has been connected with Tyng Mission, on Archer Avenue, 
for a number of years ; he was also associate superintendent of 
Christ Church Sunday-school for five years. It is proper, while 
alluding to the services performed by Mr. Martin in this connection, 
to mention the indefatigable attention and unflagging industry he 
has manifested in this work. The value of these missions, estab- 
lished, as they are, in the dist icts of the city most in need of Chris- 
tian influences and instruction, has long been acknowledged by the 
community. The potency of the influence for good of the Tyng 
Mission is justly to be credited to the earnest work of Mr. Martin's 
predecessors and his faithful continuance thereof. 

PLATE GLASS DEALERS. In 1871, immediately 
after the fire, the city directory contained the names of 
but two dealers in plate and window glass ; the number 
had increased to fifteen in 1885. Few of these make 
direct importations from abroad, although all handle 
more or less imported plate glass. It is impossible to 
give figures relative to either imports or sales. There 
have been as yet no efforts made to establish a manu- 
factory of plate glass in this city. Indeed, the manu- 
facture throughout the United States prior to 1879, was 
tentative merely, and proved, financially, a failure.* 
There are living in Chicago, at the present time, men 

* It is an interesting fact that the first glass works west of Cincinnati were 
built at Alton, in 1867. 



IOO 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



who invested and lost hundreds of thousands of dollars 
in experimental manufacturing of this character. 

Considered as a whole, however, the trade in "lass 
may be said to be a prosperous one, as, indeed, it could 
hardly fail to be in a city where building is so largely 
carried on as here. 

Of manufacturers of cut, stained and ornamented 
-lass, the census report for 1880 shows that there were 
in Chicago, at that time, six; the capital invested was 
.00; the average number of employes, eighty; the 
total wages, 847-545 ; value of materials, $,58,564; and 
the value of the manufactured product, $113,612. 

GEORGE A. Mlscu began the manufacture of stained glass, in 
this city, in 1864. Two years later his brother, Adolph _[., was ad- 
mitted as a partner, and remained a member of the firm until his 
death, which occurred on December 15, 1874. Since that time, 
George has continued the business alone. \Vhen but fairly estab- 
lished on a safe footing, the tire of 1871 placed him, as well as hun- 
dreds of other Chicago business men, once more at the foot of the 
ladder, lint Mr. Misch soon retrieved, in a great measure, his losses. 
He now has a trade extending over the entire West, and also does 
considerable business in the Fast. 1 Ic furnished the memorial work 
lor a Presbyterian t'hurchin Detroit, and for the Cathedral of St. 
Francis de Sales in Cincinnati. In this city he supplied the stained 
ised in the Temple of the Sinai Congregation, in St. Peter's, 
St. lohn's, an t the Cathedral of the Holy Name, and many others. 
Numerous church-edifices, in various parts of the United States, 
are provided with his manufactures. At the time of the lire, Mr. 
Misch was located at No. <)6 Washington Street, and then employed 
fifty men. After that event, he resumed business on the North 
Side, where he remained nearly a year and then removed to his pres- 
ent location. Mr. Misch was born in Strasund, (lennany, on July 
s, iS42, and is the son of Theodore and Wilhelmina Misch. In 
his parents settled in New York City, where his father en- 
gaged ill the manufacture and importation of stained glass, the son 
working with him as a journeyman until in 1864, when he came 
West and established for himself the business which he now con- 
trols. Mr. Misch was married, in 1868, to Miss Ktfic liyl, daughter 
of Nicholas liyl nf this city. They have four children, Minnie, 
Albert, Fred, and C.eorge A., Jr. 

Mi'Ci-i l.v & Mil KS. This lirm is now composed of John Mc- 
Cully and Holland F. Miles, but the business was established in 
1859, by I-'.. Cook & Co.. and was one of the first houses in the city 
to "engage in the stained glass trade. In 1872, Mr. MeCnlly be- 
came a member of the firm of I-'.. Cook & Co., and two years later 
Mr. Miles purchased Mr. C<x>k's interest, since which time he and 
Mr. McCully have continued under their present lirm name and 
style. From 1874 to 1879, the place of business was at No. 85 
lackson Street ; they then moved to the corner of Fifth Avenue 
and Adam-. SI reel, a'nd in 1882, to their present location. They 
deal in all kinds of stained glass, doing, perhaps, as large a busi- 
ness ;is any house in this line in the West. Since the business was 
1, it 'has increased more than tenfold ; forty men are now em- 
ploye, 1, and their trade, which extends from Maine to California, 
amounts to over $100,000 annually. They have supplied the 
stained glass lor many of the prominent churches in this city ; also 
tor the State House, at St. I'aul, Minn., and for the St. Paul's 
F.piscopal Church, at Milwaukee, one of the finest churches in the 
West. Among the many private residences in this c'ty for which 
they have furnished glass, may be mentioned those of M. D. Wells, 
the late (iencral Ans< m Stager. I>. I*. Moulton, and others. 

John McCully was born in liirmingham, England, on August 
26, 1852. His father, Richard McCully, was, during his business 
life, in the stained glass trade, and the son was early trained in the 
same mercantile pursuit. After receiving a good education, he be- 
gan his apprenticeship in i 863, ami worked in his native city until in 
when he came to this country and engaged for two years with 
a house in New York City. In 1872, he came to Chicago through 
the influence of Mr. Cook, with whom he remained in partnersnip 
until he formed his present connection with Mr. Miles, in 1874. 
Mr. McCully was married, in 1875, to Miss Kitty McMillan, of 
Kingston. Canada; Mrs. McCully was, however, reared and edu- 
cated in this city. They have two children, Frank and ( leorge. 

Ili'lliinJ !'. Milt", was born at I'ittslord, N.Y., on September KJ. 
1847. After securing a good literary education, he entered Bryant 
\- Slratton's Commercial College, from which institution he gradu- 
ated at the age of seventeen. He then came, with his parents, to 
with C.eorge A. Misch, with whom lie re- 
mained until 1874, when he became a partner in the firm of which 
he is still a member. Mr. Miles was married, in February, 1881, 
to Miss Addie I, yon, of New York City. 

JAMES 11. KICK, president of the stock company which bears 



his name, was born in Tompkins County, N. Y., on May 19, 1830, 
and is the BOD ot Asa and 1'olly (Reed) Rice. Ilis early education 
was rained in the district schools, and, like so many successful 
business men of this city, he was obliged, in early life, to assert an 
independence which stood him in good stead in his after years. At 
the age of eighteen he left school, and for live years succeeding was 
employed <>n a farm, when, in the spring of 1854, he came \\est, 
and for a time was employed at Peru, 111., by Ira Foote, contractor 
and house builder. In July of the same year, he came, with Mr. 
Fo,,tc, to Chicago, and for a number of years he was associated 
with him as a contractor and builder. Their first contract in this 
city was for the erection of a small dwelling-house for ex-Alderman 
Sexton, situated at the corner of Twelfth Street and Indiana Ave- 
nue. Soon after, Park Row was finished by them, and the old 
Richmond Hotel, on the corner of Michigan Avenue and Lake 
Street, was built. In 1872, after finishing the Tremont House, the 
partnership existing between Mr. Foote and Mr. Rice was dis- 
solved, and a business as importers and dealers in foreign and 
American window-glass was established. Mr. Foote owned an in- 
terest, although his name never appeared as a partner in the firm 
um.il 1877. The business was conducted in Mr. Rice's name until 
[anuary I, 1884, when the present stock company was incorporated, 
under the name of The James II. Rice Company. Since its incor- 
poration, this house has taken a foremost place among the strong 
business enterprises for which Chicago is so famous, and in its 
special line is second to only one in the United States. It was 
am. mg the first, if not the first, exclusive glass houses west of the 
Alleghany Mountains, and does a very large importation of French 
manufactured goods, consisting of plate-glass and mirrors. Mr. 
Rice was married, in September, 1876, to Miss Margaret Gilliland, 
of Des Moines, Iowa. 

C.K<>KC:K F. KIMHALL, whose bold speculations in the glass 
trade during the past few years have placed him among the most 
successful young commercial men of Chicago, established his pres- 
ent business in 1879, at Nos. 45-47 Jackson Street. In the six years 
of its existence his house has made rapid progress, dealing heavily 
in (lerman and French mirrors, polished plate, and domestic and 
foreign window-glass. The importations of foreign glass have fallen 
off greatly during late years, owing to the completeness of American 
manufactures. There are in the United States, at the present time, 
four plate-glass factories, viz., at New Albany, Ind.; Jeffersonville, 
Ind. ; Creighton, Penn.; anJ Crystal City, Mo. Of the latter factory, 
Mr. Kimballis the sole agent. These factories are unable to supply 
the rapidly increasing demand, as fully three-fourths of all the glass 
sold in the United States is of domestic manufacture, and seven- 
eighths of the glass sold in Chicago, which is the most extensive 
distributing point in America, is made in this country. The sale 
of American glass in this city has increased twenty-five per cent, 
annually for the past four years, and the time is not far distant 
when the importation of glass will be wholly abandoned by Chicago 
dealers. In the spring of 1884, Mr. Kimball made for himself a 
national reputation as a shrewd manipulator of the glass markets, 
by a gigantic purchase which advanced the price fifteen per cent. 
The manner in which this was accomplished was by a corner, sim- 
ilar in its operation and effect to that which has distinguished the 
provision markets and the financial exchanges of the country. So 
comprehensive was this manipulation, that the advance quoted 
ruled the market all over the United States. This bold move, which 
was the evidence of a thorough knowledge of the business, was the 
occasion of a universal press-comment, and gained for Mr. Kimball 
a world-wide reputation as a dealer in this line of merchandise. 
Mr. KimBall was born at Boston, Mass., on February 23, 1839, 
and is the son of Alvah and Ruth (Woodbury) Kimball. His father 
was a prominent print manufacturer of Boston, and his mother a 
descendant of the old Woodbury family of New Hampshire. He 
received his early education at the common schools of his native 
city, and later became a pupil at Andover College. He left college 
at the age of sixteen, and paid a visit to an uncle, a dry goods mer- 
chant, at Louisville, Ky. At the end of his visit, he concluded to 
remain in Louisville, and obtained employment with the dry goods 
firm of Bent & Duvall, of that city, and became the New York 
buyer for that house when only nineteen years of age. After five 
years' service with Bent & Duvall, he formed a partnership with a 
Mr. Johnson, the firm being Johnson & Kimball. They carried on 
a successful business in dry goods until 1863, when the partnership 
was dissolved and Mr. Kimball entered the pay department of the 
army, with headquarters at Louisville. After a year's service, he 
was made chief clerk of the quartermaster's department, under 
Colonel Thomas Swords, the headquarters of the assistant quarter- 
master-general being at Cincinnati. He held that position until the 
close of the War, when he went to New York City as the solicitor of 
consignments for the auction and commission house of Thomas An- 
derson Co., of Louisville. In 1869, he came to Chicago, in the 
interests of the firm he represented, introducing Anderson's sash 
balance. In 1871, he entered the employ of James H. Rice as 






CORPORATE HISTORY. 



101 



chief clerk, remaining- with him eight years, and, although at the 
present time a rival of Mr. Rice in the glass trade, he remembers 
his old employer with the kindest regard, and their competitive 
associations are of the most pleasant nature. Mr. Kimball is doing 
the largest business in his line in Chicago, and is the largest buyer 
of American window-glass in the United States. Mr. Kimball is 
prominent in social circles, and is a member of the Washington 
Park Club. He was married, in October, 1874, to Mrs. Lydia 
Taft, of Waukegan, 111., who had one son, \Veston G. 

HAWI.FY A. XEWKIKK, who represents Hills, Turner & Co., 
of Boston, importers of window-glass and looking-glass plates, es- 
tablished the Chicago branch of that concern in iSSo. Previous to 
that time the house was unknown in the West, but, through the 
exertion of Mr. Newkirk, their trade has since been extended from 
the Pennsylvania line to the Pacific Coast, and the house has taken 
a foremost place in the importation trade. Mr. Newkirk was born 
in Monroe County, N. Y., on May 23, 1854. His father, Aaron 
11 Newkirk, was a farmer, and his mother, Abigail 1C Hall was 
a daughter of Dr. Larry Gilbert Hall, of Woodstock, Ulster Co., 
X. Y. Mr. Newkirk attended the common schools of Monroe 
County, \. V,, until he arrived at the age of twelve years, 
when he came with his family to Kent County, Mich., and was a 
pupil at the common schools of that county. At the age of eigh- 
teen, he entered the Commercial College at Grand Rapids, Mich 
graduating from that institution in 1874. Soon after leaving col- 
lege, IK- entered the coal office of Long & Bennett, at Grand 
Rapids, and remained with them in the capacity of bookkeeper for 
nearly two years, when he went to Rochester, N. Y., and was 
employed by Henry C. Wisner, a dealer in crockery and glassware, 
as bookkeeper. He remained there two years, and after takino- a 
short vacation at his home he returned to Grand Rapids, and ac- 
cepted the management of the business house of Charles H. South- 



wick, handling paints, oils, and glass. He remained there one 
year, and, becoming acquainted with Hills, Turner & Company in 
a business way, was employed by them to establish and manage 
their western branch in this city. Mr. Newkirk is a young man of 
extended business acquaintance, and has become well and favorably 
known in the glass trade. 

THE NATIONAL BUILDER (W. D. Kennedy & Co., publishers) 
while incorporated in June, 1885, was really organized in the early 
part of that year, and published its first number in March. This 
journal, which is specially designed to meet the requirements of 
builders, was founded by W. D. Kennedy, the present secretary 
of the company, who nursed his project several years, but finally 
the time seemed propitious for its debut. In May, it made its ap- 
pearance as the only journal of its particular kind in the United 
States, and was accepted as a step in advance of anything ever 
placed before the people. Each number presents, in beautiful 
colored plates, a different style of dwelling, with working-plans 
and cost of material and labor. These tine drawings are all made, 
and plans prepared, by George O. Garnsey, one of Chicago's well- 
known architects, which is a guaranty of their superiority. At the 
organization of this company, the following officers were elected : 
John B. Daniels, president; Charles L. Boyd, vice-president; 
William D. Kennedy, secretary; and Charles W. Chandler, treas- 
urer; George O. Garnsey, editor and architect. While the publica- 
tion is yet comparatively new, it has acquired popularity beyond 
the expectations of the projectors. At the last meeting of the Sash, 
Door, and Blind Association of the United States, it was unan- 
imously made its official organ, giving it an influence, at once, 
that it richly deserves. When first organized, John B. Jeffery be- 
came associated with it, and was part owner, but after the issue of 
the first number, his interest was purchased and transferred to the 
office of the company. 



CORPORATE HISTORY. 



At the election in November, 1871, the city com- 
prised twenty wards. In 1875, the city government was 
re-organized under the General Incorporation Act of 
April of that year, and consequently no election was 
held in November, the persons then in office holding 
over until May, 1876. Under this law the city was di- 
vided into eighteen wards. 

RECISTKK I-K..M 1872 TO 1885. 1871^2- Mayor, Joseph 
Medill; City Clerk, Charles T. Hotchkiss ; City Attorney I N 
Stiles ; City Treasurer, David A. Gage. Aldermen, by wards- (ij 
Chauncey T. Bowen, John J. Knickerbocker; (2) Arthur Dixon 
Joseph L. Otis; (3) John W. McGennis, David Coey; (4) John H' 
; N ''\\?:' Harve y M - Thompson; (5) R. B. Stone, Peter I >aggy '; 
(6) William Tracey, Michael Schmitz; (7) Edward F. Cullerton P 
iv i ? ' (8) J eremiah Clowry, M. B. Bailey ; (9) George Powell 
\\illiam li. Bateham; (to) Lester L. Bond, C. C. P. Holden ; (u 
Henry Sweet, II. O. Glade, T. T. Verdier (elected to fill vacancy 
caused by resignation of H. (). Glade, in January !S72)' (12) Mon- 
roe Heath, Henry Witbeck ; (1 3) George W.Sherwood S S Gard- 
ner; (14) S. E Cleveland. B. G. Gill; (15) | ;l mes f. McGrath, 
John Buehler; (16) 1 hompson W. Stout, K. G. Schmidt; (17) Jacob 
Lengacher, LomsSchafifner; (18) Thomas Carney, John McCaffery ; 
(19) Mahlon I). Ogden, William M. Clarke; (20) Charles L Wood- 
man, G. A. Busse. 



(5) R. B. Stone, A. H. Pickering; (6) Philip Reidy, M. Schmitz 
(7) E. F. Cullerton, P. McClory; (8) James H. Hildreth, M. B. 
Bailey; (9) Thomas II. Bailey, James O'Brien; (10) C. L. Wood- 
man, D. W. Clark, Jr.; (nj George E. White, P. Kehoe ; (12) 
Monroe Heath, A. F. Miner; (13) James L. Campbell, Avery 
Moore ; (14) S. E. Cleveland, Bart Quirk ; (15) James J. McGrath, 
M. Ryan (elected to fill vacancy caused by resignation of J. J. 
McGrath, June 22), N. Eckhardt ; (16) Thompson W. Stout, Peter 
Mahr; (17) Jacob Lengacher, Louis Schaffner ; (i 8) David Murphy, 
Thomas Cannon ; (19) Thomas Lynch, Michael Brand ; (20) Julius 
Jonas, John T. Corcoran. 

'^'T-f-7.5 Mayor, Harvey D. Colvin; City Clerk, Joseph K. C. 
Forrest; City Attorney, Egbert famieson; City Treasurer, Daniel 
XHara. Aldermen, by wards : (i) William H. Richardson, Thomas 
Foley; (2) F. W. Warren, A. Dixon; (3) David Coey, William 
Fitzgerald; (4) Rensselaer Stone, Jesse Spaulding; (5) Thomas C. 
Clarke, R. B. Stone; (6) Frederick Sommer, Philip Reidy; (7) P. 
McClory, E. F. Cullerton; (8) P. C. McDonald, James H. Hil- 
drethj (9) James O'Brien, Thomas H. Bailey; (10) D. W. Clark, 
Jr., C. L. Woodman; (u) S. F. Gunderson, George E. White; (12) 

A. N. Waterman, Monroe Heath; (13) C. H. Case, James L 
Campbell; (14) Bart Quirk, S. E. Cleveland; (15) N. Eckhardt, M. 
Ryan; (i(>) Peter Mahr, Thompson W. Stout; (17) Louis Schaffner, 
Jacob Lengacher; (18) M. Sweeney. David Murphy; (19) William 

B. Dickinson, Thomas Lynch; (20) John T. Corcoran, Julius Jonas. 



/.S'r^-7? Mayor losenh Medill fi'tv ri r u rt, i T T /c?76 *Mayor, Monroe Heath. H. D. Colvin, Thomas Hoyne; 

kiss ; , % 7 &o^'ffigSdfflZ%?A clfe' T ty C ' erk V ? Spar T) BUtXI City , AU rne l' Richard S ' Tmhi " ; l >* 

Aldermen, by wards- (i) William II RirWrls, Treasurer, Clinton Bnggs. Aldermen, by wards: (i) John T. Mc- 

./^\P:._. : - >,;,' u Kichardson, Chauncey T. Au ev. D. K. Pirnns- ^N Ta/^h WnK. A,M!.; R.ti.i. /i 



. . carson, auncev 

Bowen ; (2) Francis W Warren, Arthur Dixon ; (3) David Coey, John 
W. McGennis; (4) George Sidwell, John H. McAvoy (5) A H 
Pickering, R. B. Stone ; (6) Michael Schmitz, William Tracey '; ( 7 j 

\\ 1 7v, h F V Cu " ert0n; W M - B - Rai 'ey. Jeremiah Clowr, 
')) James () ,r,cn, George Powell ; (10) David W. Clark, Jr., L. L 

Heath ( '\ A' ,? C ' Henr y Sweet; (12) A. F. Miner, Monroe 
He ath (13 Avery Moore, George W.Sherwood; (14) Hart ( >uirk, 

Pet^ Mah I'M ; <I5) N w h las Kckhardt - J-< I- McGrath; (if, 

wcher f ,V T, nlpS n W> St Ut; ( ' 7) Louis Sch ffner, Jacob Len- 

Brind M n A T 3S ,\ nnon ' lllomas a >ey; (19) Michael 

rand M. D. Ogden ; (20) John T. Corcoran, C. L. Woodman 

'W.1-74 Mayor, Harvey D. Colvin ; City Clerk, Joseph K. 

.",TiV X A, Attorney, Egbert Jamieson ; City "Treasurer, 

)anel c Hara. Aldermen, by wards: (,) Thomas Foley, William 

FiiJ M r, "^ Ar "r " ixon ' F-W. Warren; (3) William 
Fitzgerald, Dav.d Coey ; (4) Jesse Spaulding, George H Sidwell 



. 

Auley, I). K. Pearsons; (2) Jacob Rosenberg, Addison Ballard; (3) 
John L. Thompson, William Aldrich; (4) John W. Stewart, lames 
H. Gilbert; (5) Fred. Sommer, Mark Sheridan; (6) E. F. Culler- 
ton, Fred. Lodding; (7) James H. Hildreth, Charles Tarnow 
(elected to fill vacancy caused by resignation of J. H. Hildreth), 
Henry Kerber; (8) Frank Lawler, James O'Brien; (9) John M. 
Van Osdel, Jacob Beidler; (10) George E. White, Andrew F. Smith; 

The order passed by the City Council, in 187-;. providing for an election fur 
city officers tinder the new Centra! Incorporation Act, omitted all reference to 
the office of mayor. Notwithstanding the apparent absence of any authority, a 
popular vote was taken for mayor at the election, and Thomas Hoyne received 
1^,064 votes, with 819 scattering, but when the returns were canvassed by the 
Council, this vote was disregarded. The new Council, at its first meeting, de- 
cided io count the vote for mayor, and declared Mr. Hoyne elected. H. D. Col- 
vin, the incumbent, refused to yield possession of the office, on the plea that he 
was entitled to hold over under the law; but on reference to the courts neither 
contestant could sustain his position. A special election for mayor was there- 
fore ordered by the Council, and on June 12, 1876, Monroe Heath was duly 
elected. 



102 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



(ll) A. G. Throop, J. G. Rriggs; (12) James T. Kawleigh, S. II. 
McCrea; (i',l William Wheeler, S. I-'.. Cleveland; (14) John llauni- 
garten, M. Ryan; (151 A. \V. Waldo, Frank Nciscn; (16) Ftank 
l.inseiibarth, Jacob 1 i -n^adier; (17) M. Sweeney, David Murphy: 
(iSl James A. Kirk, lacob Boser. 

1877 Mayor, Monroe llealh; City Clerk, Caspar P.nt/; City 
Attorney, K. S. Tmhill; City Treasurer, Charles R. l.arrabee. Al- 
dermen, by wards: (r) I). K. 1'earsons, J. T. McAuley; (2) Addi- 
son liallard, Jacob Rosenberg; (3) Eugene Gary, John L. Thomp- 
son; (4) James II. Gilbert, John W. Stewart; (5) i John D. Tully, 




CARTER H. HARRISON. 

Frederick Sommer; (6) Frederick Lodding, E. F. Cullerton; (7) 
Henry Kerber (who held his seat until April, 1878, on account of 
the non-determined contest of John Kiorden against fames II. llil- 
dreth, declared ineligible although he received the majority of votes 
in the election held April 3, 1877), Charles Tarnow; (8) R. M. 
Oliver, Frank Lawler; (9) Jacob Beidler, John M. Van Osdel; (10) 
M. McNurney, George F. White; (n) A. B. Cook, A. G. Throop; 
(12) S. G. Beaton, James T. Rawleigh; (13) II. P. Thompson,' 
William Wheeler; (14) M. Ryan, John Uaumgarten; (15) Frank 
Niesen, A. \V. \Vald.i; (16) Si. Schweisthal, F. Lin- 
senbarth; (17) Bernard [anssens, M. Sweeney; (18) J. 
II. 11. Daly, James A. Kirk. 

iSjS Mayor, Monroe Heath; City Clerk, Caspar 
Butz; City Attorney, Rirhard S. Tuthill ; City Treas- 
urer, Charles R. l.arrabee. Aldermen, bv wards: (l) 
Murry F. Tuley, I). K. Pearsons; (2) Patrick Sanders, 
Addison llallard; (3)0. I!. Phelps, Eugene Cary ; (4) 
Herbert F. Mallory, James 1 1. 'Gilbert; (s)George Tur- 
ner, John 1). Tuily": (d) I'.. F. Cullerton, Frederick 
I .r Hiding; (7) John McN.illy, John Riordan ; (8) Frank Lawler, 
R. M. Oliver; (9) John M. Smyth, Jacob Beidler ; (10) John 
Kis/ner, M. McNiirney; (n) A. G. Throop, A. B. Cook; (12) 
James T. Rawleigh, S. G. Seaton ; (13) A. C. Knopf, H. P. 
Thompson; (14) Frank A. Stauber, M. Ryan; (15) A. W. Waldo, 
Frank Niesen; (if.) Peter S. Wettcrer, M". Schweisthal ; (17) John 
McCaffery, B. Janssens ; ( i S) Julius Jonas, J. II. B. Daly. 

7879-80 Mayor, Carter il. Harrison ; City Clerk, P. J. How- 
ard ; City Attorney, Julius S. Grinnell ; City Treasurer, William C. 
Seipp. Aldermen, by wards: (l) M. F. Tuley, Arthur Dixon, 



Swayne Wickersham, (elected September 24, 1879, to fill vacancy 
.1 by the resignation of M. F. Tuley); (2) P. Sanders, Addi- 
son liallard; (3) O. II. Phelps, John M. ('lark; (4) II. K. Mallory, 
Amos Grannis; (5) George Turner, M. McAuley ; (6) Edward F. 
Cullerton, John J. Altpeter ; (7) John McNally, John Riordan; (8) 
Frank Lawler, Thomas Purcell ; (9) John M. Smyth. James 
Peevey; d") John Kis/ncr, Michael McNurney; (ll) A. G. 
Throop, George 11. Swift; (12) James T. Rawleigh, Joseph I). 
Fverett ; (13) A. C. Knopf, Henry P. Thompson; (14) Frank A. 
Stauber, Reinhardt I.orenz; (15) A. W. Waldo, Adam Meyer; (16) 
P. Weterer, Christian Meyer; (17) John McCaffery, 
Fdward P. Barrett; (18) Julius Jonas, William G. 
McCormii k. 

iSSo-8/ Mayor, Carter II. Harrison; City 
Clerk, P. J. Howard; City Attorney, Julius S. 
Grinnell; City Treasurer, \\ . C. Seipp. Aldermen 
by wards : (l) Arthur Dixon, Swayne Wickersham ; 

(2) Addison liallard, Patrick Sanders; (3) John M. 
Clark, Daniel L. Shorey ; (4) Amos Grannis, Wil- 
liam W. Watkins; (5) M. McAuley, K. P. Burke; 
(6) John J. Altpeter, Kdward F. Cullerton; (7) John 
Riordan, James II. Hildreth ; (8) Thomas ' Purcell, 
Frank Lawler; (9) James Peevey, John M. Smyth ; 
(10) M. McNurney. II. Schroeder ; (ll) George B. 
Swift, Thomas N. Bond ; (12) Joseph D. Fverett, 
Alvin Hulburt; (13) H. P. 'Thompson, O. M. 
Brady ; (14) R. Lorcnz. F. A. Stauber; (15) Adam 
Meyer, William S. Voting, Jr. ; (16) Christian Meier, 
Anton Imhof; (17) F. P. Barrett, John Murphy; 
(18) W. G. McCormick, A. II. Burley. 

iSSi-Si Mayor, Carter II. Harrison: City- 
Clerk, P. J. Howard ; City Attorney, Julius S. 
Grinnell ; City Treasurer, Rudolph Brand. Alder- 
men, by wards : (I) Swayne Wickersham, Arthur 
Dixon; (2) Patrick Sanders, James T. Appleton ; 

(3) I). L. Shorey, O. B. Phelps; (4) W. W. Wat- 
kins, O. I). Wetherell; (5) Fdward F. Burke, Hen- 
ry F. Sheridan ; (6) Edward F. Cullerton, J. J. Alt- 
peter ; (7) James II. Hildreth, John Riordan; (8) 
Frank Lawler, Thomas Purcell; (9) John M. 
Smyth, James Peevey; (10) Henry Schroeder, 
Daniel Nelson; (n) Thomas N. Bond, Thaddeus 
Dean ; (12) Alvin Hulbert, Joseph D. Everett ; (13) 
O. M. Brady, James M. Wan/er ; (14) Frank A. 
Stauber, Clemens Hirsch ; (15) William S. Young, 
Jr., Adam Meyer; (16) Anton Imhoff, Christian 
Meier ; (17) John Murphy, Fdward P. Barrett ; (18) 
A. H. Burley, Frank M. Blair. 

i8S2-Sj Mayor, Carter II. Harrison ; City 
Clerk, P. J. Howard ; City Attorney, Julius S. 
Grinnell ; City Treasurer, Rudolph Brand. Alder- 
men, by wards : (i) Arthur Dixon, Swayne Wick- 
ersham ; (2) James T. Appleton, Patrick Sanders ; 
(3) D. L. Shorey, O. B. Phelps ; (4) O. D. Weth- 
erell, S. D. Foss; (5) E. P. Burke, II. F. Sheri- 
dan; (6)J. J. Altpeter, E. F. Cullerton; (7) John 
Riordan, J. H. Hildreth; (8) Thomas Purcell, 
Frank Lawler; (9) James Peevey, M. Gaynor ; (10) Daniel Nelson, 
G. E. White; (ll) Thaddeus Dean, T. N. Bond; (12) J. D. Fv- 
erett, John Marder; (13) J. M. Wanzer, J. E. Dalton ; (14) Cle- 
mens Hirsch, M. Ryan ; (15) Adam Meyer, James M. Quinn ; (16) 
Christian Meier, J. H. Colvin ; (17) E. P. Barrett, ]ohn Sweeney; 
(18) F. M. Blair, J. E. Geohegan. 

1884-85 Mayor, Carter H. Harrison ; City Clerk, John G. 
Neumeister ; City Attorney, Julius S. Grinnell ; City Treasurer. 
John M. Dunphy. Aldermen, by wards : (i) W. P. Whelan, Arthur 








Dixon ; (2) Patrick Sanders, James T. Appleton ; (3) D. L. Shorey, 
Charles W. Drew ; (4) Thomas C. Clarke, O. D. Wetherell ; (5) E. 
P. Burke, Henry F. Sheridan ; (6) Edward F. Cullerton, C. F. L. 
Doerner; (7) J. II. Hildreth, Joseph M. Weber; (8) Frank Law- 
ler, Redmond F. Sheridan; (9) William F. Mahoney, John Gay- 
nor; (10) M. McNurney, Stephen P. Revere; (n) Thomas N. 
Bond, Samuel Simons; (12) J. L. Campbell, Walter S. Hull- (13) 
John E. Dalton, John W. I.yke ; (14) Michael Ryan, Frank Schack ; 
(15) William S. Voting, Jr., William Kisfeldt, Jr. ; (16) John H. 
Colvin, Henry Severin ; "(17) John Sweeney, John A. Li'nn ; (18) 
John I. Noyes, William R. Manierre. 



CORPORATE HISTORY. 



103 



CARTER H. HARRISON, mayor of Chicago, although he has been 
in active political life but fourteen years, is one of the most widely 
known public characters in the country. He has come to \vickl 
such a power within the democratic party, that at the last National 
I (emocratic Convention his name was prominently mentioned as a 
candidate for the Vice- Presidency. Mayor Harrison may be said 
to have fairly inherited his taste for political life. His great-great- 
^ramlfather \vas the ancestor of President William Henry Harrison, 
his grandfather a cousin of Thomas Jefferson, and he himself is a 
cousin of John C. Breckenridge. He was born near Lexington, 
Ky., on February 15, 1825, and his father dying when he waseight 
months old, he was left to the care of his mother, a daughter of 
Colonel William Russell, of the United States Army, one of the 
pioneers of the Northwest, of which Illinois is now a part. Mr. 
Harrison's home was a log house, and it is said that "his first 
cradle was a new sugar-trough." From his mother he imbibed 
those principles which, in 1849, placed him in the front rank of the 
emancipationists of Kentucky. Most of his education preparatory 
to entering the sophomore class of Yale College, he received from 
Dr. Marshall, brother of the Chief Justice, and father of Tom 
Marshall, the great orator. Graduating in 1845, he commenced 
the study of law, but did not enter into practice at once, as his 
mother needed his company and comfort. In 1851, he went 
abroad, traveling, for two years, in Europe, Asia and Egypt. In 
1855, he commenced a prospecting tour through the Northwest; 
but reaching Chicago, became so impressed with the young city 
that he invested all his means in real estate, expecting also to enter 
into the regular practice of the law. But his acute business foresight 
induced him to confine his efforts entirely to real estate transac- 
tions, thus laying the firm basis of an ample fortune. Mr. Har- 
rison did not actively engage in politics until 1870, being elected 
during the succeeding year a member of the first board of County 
Commissioners. He held the office until December, 1874, when he 
took his seat as member of Congress from the second district of 
Illinois. His term in Congress was marked by an earnestness and 
ability which made him one of the most prominent members in that 
body. A resolution, introduced by him, to fix the presidential term 
at six years, with ineligibility for re-election and making the retir- 
ing I 'resident a senator for life, drew the attention of the country 
to him as a man of broad and radical views. His efforts in behalf 
of the Centennial appropriation bill exhibited him, not only as an 
energetic worker and ready debater, but as a brilliant orator. As 
a humorist, also, he developed a reputation second to that possessed 
by no other public character in the country. In this extended 
arena full scope was given to those talents, which had been fostered 
by extensive reading and travel. Mr. Harrison spent the summers 
of 1874 and 1875 in Europe, with his family. He was elected 
mayor of Chicago in 1879, 1881, 1883, and 1885. Against his own 
desire he was nominated for Governor of Illinois in 1884, and during 
the fall of that year conducted a most energetic and brilliant can- 
vass, which resulted in cutting down the republican majority of 
37.O33. enjoyed by Governor Cullom, to 13,500. Mayor Harrison 
was married, on April 12, 1855, to Miss Sophy Preston, who came 
from a distinguished Southern family. His wife dying in Europe 
in 1876, he married, in 1882, Miss Marguerite E. Stearns, daughter 
of one of Chicago's oldest, most respected and wealthiest citizens. 

FKEHERICK S. WINSTON, JR., corporation counsel of the City 
of Chicago, is the youngest man who ever held this position, not 
being twenty-eight years of age when chosen. He has nevertheless 
made an enviable reputation as a lawyer and an official, having a 
clear preception and easy address. His parents were early residents 
of Chicago, his father, Frederick H. Winston, being a leading 
member of the Bar as early as 1857. His mother, whose maiden 
name was Maria T. Dudley, was a native of Kentucky ; and while 
on a visit to her home in Franklin County, her son Frederick was 
born on October 27, 1856. The best private schools in Chicago 
afforded him his education, preparatory to a thorough course in Yale 
College and Columbia Law School. He graduated with high hon- 
ors, and, in the spring of 1878, was admitted to practice by the 
Supreme Court of the State. Forming a partnership with Chester 
M. Dawes, assistant U. S. district attorney, he soon brought him- 
self to such favorable notice that, in the spring of 1881, he was 
appointed assistant corporation counsel under Francis Adams. One 



/> 



of the most important cases intrusted to him was that involving the 
right of the corporation to regulate the closing of the bridges. In 
the spring of 1883, he argued the question in the U. S. Supreme 
Court, and established the very important principle that the city had 
decided rights in the control of the streams within its bounds. 



Upon the resignation of Mr. Adams, in December, 1883, Mr. Win- 
ston was appointed corporation counsel, and unanimously confirmed 
by the Common Council. Since occupying this position he has car- 
ried through many measures of great import to the city. While yet 
serving under Mr. Adams, the amendment to the city charter was 
passed, providing for the raising of income from licenses. The con- 
stitutionality of this measure being questioned, Mr. Winston had 
already carried the first test case to the Supreme Court. The re- 
maining cases, five in all, were argued by him after his appointment 
to his present position, and he succeeded in firmly establishing the 
validity of the law. His efforts, also, in behalf of the Harper 
license law, and of the ordinance empowering the mayor to veto or 
cut down annual appropriations, resulted in the higher courts up- 
holding the legality of these measures, and have marked his adminis- 
tration of the municipal law department as one of great vigor. The 
establishment by the Supreme Court of the validity of the " Smoke 
Ordinance" is also to be placed to his credit. Mr. Winston is 
prominent in the social and literary societies of the city, being con- 
nected with the Chicago Literary, Union, Iroquois, and Algonquin 
clubs, and the Cook County Young Democracy. Mr. \Vinstonwas 
married, on June 26, 1876, to Miss Ada Fountain, of New York City, 
and three children have been born to them. 

CLARENCE A. KNIGHT, city attorney, was born on October 28, 
1853, in Mclienry County, 111. With the exception of one year at 
the Cook County Normal School, his entire education was received 
in the district schools. His father, John Knight, an old and re- 
spected lake captain, entered the service of the Government at the 
breaking out of the War, and was killed on the gun-boat " Mound 
City," in June, 1862. While steaming up the White River she was 
attacked by the Confederate commander, Captain Frye; and her 
boiler being exploded by a shell, Mr. Knight, with the remainder 
of the crew, leaped into the water. They were fired upon from the 
bank, and he thus met his death. He bequeathed to his son an 
honest name, a straightforwardness, manliness and ability. After 
leaving the Cook County Normal School, Mr. Knight taught school 
one year, and then, in April, 1872, commenced the study of law in the 






office of Spafford, McDaid & Wilson. In 1874, on examination 
before the Supreme Court, he was admitted to the practice of his 
profession. Under the firm name of McDaid & Knight, he formed 
a partnership in 1877, and in September, 1879, was appointed assist- 
ant city attorney under Julius S. Grinnell. In November, 1884, 
Mr. Grinnell having been elected State's attorney, Mr. Knight was, 
by the Mayor, appointed city attorney and unanimously confirmed 
by the City Council, being the youngest lawyer who has ever occu- 
pied the position. Mr. Knight was married on October 31, 1877, 
to Miss Dell Brown, daughter of Dr. H. T. Brown, a leading physi- 
cian of McHenry County. They have one daughter, Bessie. 

GKOKIIK Mn.i.s ROCKRS, city prosecuting attorney, is the son 
of Judge John G. Rogers, and was born at Glasgow, Ky., on April 
16, 1854. He fitted himself for college in the Chicago public 
schools and the University, and graduated from Yale in 1876. Mr. 
Rogers next studied law with Crawford & McConnell, attended the 
Union College of Law, and was admitted to the Bar in June, 1878. 
He at once commenced practice as a member of the firm of McCon- 
nell, Raymond & Rogers, and, by the withdrawal of Henry W. 
Raymond, the style became McConnell & Rogers. In November, 
1883, he became a member of the Citizens' Association and its at- 
torney, serving in that capacity for one year, and until January, 
1885, when he was appointed assistant city attorney, which office he 
held until appointed city prosecuting attorney in February, 1886. 
Mr. Rogers was married on June 13, 1884, to Philippa Hone An- 
thon, of New York City. She is the daughter of the late Philip 
Hone Anthon, and a niece of the late Professor Charles Anthon, of 
Columbia College, New York. 



- 



THE CITY HALL. 



After the fire of 1871, the first thing was to 
secure offices and rooms for the various branches 
of the city government. On October 9, the head- 
quarters of the mayor were temporarily located at the 
corner of Ann and Washington streets. At a meeting 
of the Common Council, on October n, a committee 
was appointed to select a suitable building for the differ- 



TO4 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



cat offices of the city government. On the i2th. the 
report of the committee, recommending the Madison- 
street Police Station as a place of meeting for the 
Common Council, was ((incurred in. A communica- 
tion from Ma\or Mason to the Council, of the same date, 
stated that he had "on yeMerday decided to temporarily 
fix his office, and those of other city officers, at the cor- 
ner of Hubbard Court and \Valmsh Avenue." This, 
the Common Council met, by resolving at once "that 
the Mayor, Comptroller and City Clerk have their 
offices for the present in Madison street Police Station." 
At this meeting it was also resolved "that the Hoard 
of I'ublie Works be required to immediately prepare 
plans and specifications for a permanent building for all 



House, offering premiums of $5,000 for the best plan, 
$2,000 for the second, and $1,000 for the third. In re- 
sponse, fifty plans were received, and opened in March, 
iS;^. It was not, until 1877, that steps were taken 
toward the commencement of the new building. At a 
meeting of the City Council, on September 3, 1877, an 
ordinance was passed as follows: 

" That the I lepartment of Public Works, in connection with the 
building committee, lie, and they are lu-roby, authori/cd and em- 
powered to take immediate measures to put in the foundations ol tin- 
City Mall building upon its original siu-, and according to such 
plans and specifications, and in such manner, as they, or a majority 
of them, may decide upon.' 

An agreement having been entered into between the 
county and the city requiring the exterior portion of the 




' [ M j |1 [Iff f [ 

v M~~~"f^ -- i " k I - I 



CITY HALL BUILDING. 



city offices and the Common Council, to be erected on 
the old Court House Square." 

Within a week from the fire, work was authorized to 
be commenced upon the building of a new City Hall, 
on what was called "the reservoir lot," owned by the 
city, at the southeast corner of Adams and I.aSalle 
streets.* The structure covered the entire lot, being 
about one hundred and seventy-eight feet square, and 
was completed and occupied by January i, 1872. It 
contained rooms sufficient for all" the city offices, and 
also accommodations for the law library, the county re- 
corder, and several of the courts. The city expended 
75,000 in constructing and furnishing this edifice, 
which continued to |> e occupied by the officers of the 
city government until 1885. It was merely a pile of 
brick and mortar, almost wholly without conveniences, 
hastily thrown together in walls/with openings for doors 
and windows. It was familiarly known as the "old 
Rookery." 

In November, 1872, the city and county conjointly 
advertised for plans for a new City Hall and Court 

* It hail upon it an inm water tank whirh had belonged to the Water Works 
;rvice on the Smith Snl,-. The new City Hall was built around the brick sub- 
structure, which was transformed into safety vaults. 



Court House and the City Hall to be of uniform architect- 
ural design, arrangements were made with J. J. Egan, ar- 
chitect for the county, to furnish the city with duplicate 
drawings of the front elevations, together with plans in 
detail of the stone work of the Court House. L. 1). 
Cleveland, superintendent of buildings, was placed in 
charge of construction and the preparation of plans for 
the interior. The contract for excavating for the foun- 
dation was let to John Shackley for $1,483, and for 
building the sub-basement to Mortimer & Tapper for 
$57,99- On April 17, 1878, further contracts were 
awarded as follows : 

Thomlinson & Reed, cut stone $477/>93 

John Angus, masonry. 90,519 

J. I'. Sexton, iron work_ __ __... 105,302 

The work was somewhat retarded in the spring and 
summer of 1879, on account of an investigation ordered 
by the City Council, growing out of certain charges pre- 
ferred by the Citizens' Committee. In April, 1881, the 
commissioner of public works reported "that the con- 
tract had been let for the fire-proof roofing and flooring, 
and that it was intended to push the work so that the 
new building might be occupied by the fall of 1882. 




105 



io6 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



But this was not realized. In February, 1882, the 
mayor reported that the building would not be com- 
pleted until the spring of 1X84; but it was in fact not 
ready for occupancy until January and February, 1885. 
Tin- lirst officer to move in was the city comptroller, 
on January 3, 1885. 

The building is a dual structure, erected for the 
joint occupancy of the city and county. The style of 
architecture is the modern French Renaissance. Above 



floors are of T- beams and hollow - tiles ; stairs and 
balustrades of iron, wainscoted with colored marble in 
panels. The entire interior work is of white oak, of 
elaborate design and highly finished. 

The basement story, which is thirteen feet eight 
inches in height, is occupied by the Fire, Police and 
Health departments, the City Electrician and Gas In- 
spector. The first story, twenty-one feet eight inches 
high, is occupied by the Mayor, Comptroller, City Clerk, 




COUNCIL CHAMBER. 



the second story proper is a colonnaded double-story, 
with Corinthian columns thirty-five feet in height, of 
polished Maine granite, supporting an entablature, di- 
vided into architrave, frieze and cornice. The attic 
story is embellished with allegorical groups represent- 
ing agriculture, commerce, peace and plenty, the me- 
chanic arts and science. The building was to have 
been surmounted with domes. The materials used in 
the superstructure are principally Bedford sandstone 
and brick, the columns, pilasters and pillars being of 
Maine granite. The cost of the building, including all 
amounts paid therefor and due on contracts up to Jan- 
uary i, 1885, was 1,549,438. The amount estimated 
as necessary to complete the unfurnished portion is 
$92,600, making a total cost of $1,642,038. The county 
building, erected at the same time and of nearly the 
same materials, according to the report of the commis- 
sioners of public works, cost $2,424,668. 

The dimensions of the building, exclusive of the ro- 
tunda connections with the Court House, are : Outside 
length on LaSalle Street, 366 feet; outside width on 
Washington and Randolph streets, 128 feet each; 
height from sidewalk to top of cornice, 126 feet. 

The interior is divided into six stories, and contains 
119 office rooms, with 64 fire-proof vaults. All the 
partition walls are of brick and hollow - tile ; the 



Treasurer, Collector, the departments of Building and 
Public Works, the Bureau of Water Rates, and the Jan- 
itor. The second story, twenty-one feet eight inches high, 
is occupied by the Commissioner of Public Works, and 
the Bureaus of Accounts, Special Assessments, Engi- 
neering, Sewers, Maps, Streets, and the janitor. The 
third story, twenty-three feet eight inches high, con- 
tains the city law departments and the Hoard of Educa- 
tion. The fourth story is occupied by the City Coun- 
cil, the main chamber being 90 by 55 feet. The rooms 
in the fifth story are unfurnished. 

THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. 

The fire of 1871 caused less demoralization in the 
Police Department than in any other branch of the mu- 
nicipal service. The losses in buildings, office and sta- 
tion furniture, and supplies, amounted to $63,500 ; and 
with a boat-house, six hundred and twenty muskets and 
six brass cannon and equipments, aggregated about 
$75. 00 - This comprised the entire value of property 
destroyed, except the lost, stolen, and unclaimed, or 
detatned-as-evidence effects in the hands of the custo- 
dian, estimated at $20,000. All the records, books of 
accounts, papers, and files of the office were burned ; 
but as soon as temporary headquarters were obtained, 



CORPORATE HISTORY. 



107 



complete system was again established. Many officers 
remained on routine duty (luring the conflagration, even 
when their own homes were burning. Over one hun- 
dred and fifty members of the department were made 
homeless by the fire, for whose assistance a relief fund 
of $10,044.66 was raised, principally by the police de- 
partments of other cities. After the location of the cus- 
todian's headquarters, property to the value of over 
$100,000, lost or stolen during the fire, was restored to 
its owners. 

The police headquarters was located at the West 
Madison-street Police Station for some months after 
the fire, and was then removed to the temporary City 
Hall on Adams Street. The first precinct headquar- 
ters was located at the City Bridewell at the time of the 
fire, while the Armory on Adams Street was being re- 
paired. Immediately after the fire, the members of this 
precinct located at the church on the corner of Harrison 
Street and Wabash Avenue for a few days, and then re- 
moved to the frame school-house, on the corner of Har- 
rison Street and Pacific Avenue, and built their own 
lock-up at that place, remaining there until the new 
station was completed, at a cost of over $40,000, at the 
same location. The North Division police headquarters 
were located temporarily at No. 180 Dearborn Avenue, 
removing, in 1873, to the Chicago-avenue Police Station, 
erected at a cost of $24,303.63. 

At the time of the fire the force comprised 425 men ; 
March i, 1872, 455 ; 1873, 458 ; 1874, 552 ; 1875, 597 ; 
1876, 517; 1877, 516; 1878, 442; 1879, 453; 1880, 
473; 1881,506; 1882,557; 1883,637; 1884,924. 

The following table gives a condensed and accurate 
resume o( the operations of the department: 



tion, $43,487.20; Larrabee-street Station, $24,293.05; 
Webster-avenue Station, $4,933.12. 

In 1871, the city was divided into three precincts : 
The first, with station on Harrison Street, comprising 
the central portion of the city, with sub-stations on 
Twenty-second Street, Cottage Grove Avenue, and on 
Deering Street; the second precinct, station on Madi- 
son and Union Streets, controlling the West Lake, West 
Twelfth, the West Chicago-avenue and Rawson-street 
districts; and the third, at No. 180 Dearborn Avenue, 
including the Larrabee-street and Webster-avenue sub- 
precincts. In 1873, the North Branch Station, on Raw- 
son Street, was added to the third precinct list. In 
1874, the Hinman-street Station, on Hinman and Paul- 
ina streets, was embraced in the second precinct juris- 
diction. In 1875, the following re-districting and appor- 
tionment of sub-stations was made under the regime of 
City Marshal R. E. Goodell : First precinct, the Har- 
rison-street, Twenty-second-street, Cottage Grove-ave- 
nue and Deering-street districts; second precinct, West 
Madison-street, West Twelfth-street and Hinman-street 
districts; third precinct, West Chicago-avenue, West 
Lake-street and Rawson-street districts; fourth pre- 
cinct, East Chicago-avenue, Larrabee-street and Web- 
ster-avenue districts. 

In 1876, the valuation of station houses and real 
estate was as follows : First precinct $71,995.00; sec- 
ond precinct, $68,280.02; third precinct, $23,283.88; 
fourth precinct, $39,561.65; total, $205,264.35. 

In 1879, the Central Station, besides the detective 
force, was headquarters for the day squad; and the first 
precinct embraced only the Harrison-street, Twenty- 
second-street and Cottage Grove-avenue districts. 



YEAR ENDING 


Number 
of 

Arrests. 


Amount 
of 
Fines imposed. 


Value 
of Property 
reported 
stolen. 


Value 
of Property 
recovered. 


Expenditures 
of 
Police Depart- 
ment. 


March 31, 1872 _ . 


21,931 

31,585 
27,995 
24,899 
19,206 
27,291 
28,035 
27,208 
27,338 
28,480 

31,713 
32,8OO 
37,187 
39,434 


$128,475 
211,969 
165,749 
83,101 
65,502 
104,196 
166,087 
230,720 
205,147 
151,560 
163,937 
1 59-495 
225,441 
229,230 


$64,449 oo 
277,364 oo 
347.589 74 
182,591 oo 
132,413 oo 
211,138 49 
161,909 27 
156,169 67 
106,034 7i 
142,599 41 
147,144 36 
121,929 37 
144,802 04 
149,837 85 


$40,187 oo 
95,398 oo 
210,685 oo 
118,218 oo 
90,956 07 
208.296 oo 

132,037 64 
115,833 38 
93,370 76 

123,509 35 
118,508 56 
9 i. 265 35 
90,792 06 
112,943 43 


$498,247 35 
505,327 61 
653,258 65 
722,876 52 
521,579 52 
639,886 59 
534,842 78 
432,758 95 
445,195 42 
493,672 38 
577,038 77 
659,259 70 
7<'3,579 66 
779,921 45 


March 31, 1873 . ... 


March 31, 1874 


March 31, 1875 


December 31, 1875 


December 31,1876 


December 31, 1877 . 


1 >r< vmber 31, 1878 


I iircmber 31, 1^79 


1 )c < i-iiiber 31, iSSo 


1 Vein her 31, 1881 


I Inrmber 31, 1882 


December 31, 1883 


December 31, 1884 ... 




Total 


405,102 


$2,288,609 


$2,346,001 i)i 


$i 641,600 60 


$8,i67,445 35 





In 1884, the total value of real estate belonging to 
the Police Department was $72,500; the value of the 
buildings, $207,800; and that of supplies, stock and 
apparatus, $92,433.79; making a total of $372,733.79. 
This was divided among seventeen stations, as fol- 
lows : Central Station, $5,245; Harrison-street Station, 
$5 l ,99 2 -3; Twenty-second Street Station, $20,630.98; 
Cottage Grove-avenue Station, $22,404.66; Thirty- 
fifth-street Station, $5,534.45; Twelfth-street Station, 
$26,830.40; Hinman-street Station, $17,853.70; Deer- 
ing-street Station, $6,908.80; Desplaines-street Station, 
$83,948.16; Madison-street Station, $8,817.32; Lake- 
street Station, $21,359.69; West Chicago-avenue Sta- 
tion, $13,720.16; North-avenue Station, $9,996.40; 
Rawson-street Station, $4,718.40; Chicago-avenue Sta- 



The second precinct comprised the West Twelfth and 
Hinman and Deering-street districts; the third precinct 
consisted of the Madison, Lake and West Chicago- 
avenue districts; and the fourth precinct took in the 
East Chicago-avenue, Webster-avenue and Larrabee 
and Rawson-street districts. In 1881, the Thirty-fifth- 
street sub-precinct was added to the first precinct; and 
the West Madison-street sub-precinct to the third pre- 
cinct in the following year, the chief station of the latter 
district being removed from Madison to Desplaines 
Street. In 1883, to the third precinct was added a new 
station, representing the West North-avenue district. 
In 1884, the third precinct was again re-districted so as 
to embrace the Desplaines, West Madison and Lake- 
street stations, while the fourth precinct comprised the 



io8 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



West Chicago-avenue, North-avenue and Ka son-street 
stations. The fifth precinct was then established, and 
comprised the Chicago-avenue, \\ebster-avenue and 
Larrabee-street districts. 

The register of the 1'olice Department for the four- 
teen years ending December i, iSS.). shows chief official 
power vested in a superintendent from 1875. Previous 
to that date the operations of the force were controlled 
by a board of commissioners, these being 

is;i -72 Mam-el Talcott. Mark Sheridan, Jacob Krlim ; \V. 
\V. Kennedy, superintendent; K. 1'. Ward, secretary. 1*72-73 
Messrs. Sheridan, Wrijjht, Talcott, Cleveland ami Kehm, commis- 
sioners ; Klmcr \Vasliburn, superintendent ; I 1 '. I'. Ward, secretary. 
i-*7.V-74 Mark Sheridan. K. K. ('. Kl,,kke, Charles \. Ucno, com- 
missioner-. ; Jacob Kchm, superintendent ; I 1 '. I'. Ward, secretary. 
1875-76 Mark Sheridan, I-',. K. C. Klokke ami Charles A. Reno, 
commissioners ; Jaenli Relnii, superintendent; K. K. Coodcll mar- 
shal ; K. 1'. Ward, secretary. I*;!) M. ('. Mickey, superintendent ; 
Joseph II. Dixon, deputy superintendent ; !:. r. V\anl. secretary. 
1-77 M. C. Mickey, superintendent ; K. I'. Ward, secretary. i."7S 
V. A. Seavey. snperinlendent ; !'.. I'. Ward, secretary. 1871) 
Simon I >'l lonnell, superinlendent ; Austin |. Doyle, secretary. 
i ~s William J. McCi.iri^lc, superintendent; Austin J. I )ovle, 
secretary and ins]>ector. iSSl William |. Mcdarrijde, supcrin- 

temlent; Aus in J. Doyle, secretary and inspector, issj Austin [. 

Doile. superintendent; I'. Welter, secretary and inspector. 1883 
Austin J. Doyle, superintendent; D. Weller, secretary and inspec- 
tor, iss^ Austin J. Doyle, superintendent : D. Welter, secretary 
and inspector. From before the lire until 1879, William II. Car- 
mna was custodian of the Police Department; and from that date 
until 1885, John O'Donnell filled the position. 

The introduction by Captain W. J. McGarigle, in 
1880, of the police telephone and signal system, 
embracing the use of patrol wagons and boxes, was 
an innovation which has proven eminently successful 
and has since that date extended to other cities. 
The establishment of telephone stations at intervals 
along all available patrol beats, at once augmented 
the protective and detective efficiency of the force. 
One year later this branch of the service had be- 
come fully organized ; 2,114 box-keys had been given 
to citizens, the horses attached to patrol wagons had 
been trained to cover a mile of territory within six min- 
utes, and eight operating stations were maintained. In 

1883, there were 375 boxes placed on the most prominent 
street corners throughout the city, being an average of 
twenty-five boxes to each wagon. Up to December 31, 

1884, 857,084 reports had been received through boxes 
from patrolmen, 23,921 alarms had been responded to, 
14,592 arrests made, 1,188 fires attended, 56,087 miles 
traveled, 2,175 sick and injured persons cared for, 8,010 
prisoners taken to stations and the jail, and 3,256 dis- 
turbances suppressed without arrest. The service re- 
quired the attention of eighty-four men. The total 
number of boxes was 434. 

The detective force, which, in 1871, was under the 
command of Wells Sherman, comprised at that time 
eight members, most of whom have been prominently 
known in that branch of service for many years. The 
corps then consisted of Messrs. Ellis, Heinzman, Sim- 
mons, Klliott, Simonds, Tyrrell, Lackey, and Bridges. 
In 1873, Samuel A. Ellis became chief of detectives, 
and made the first movement toward establishing a per- 
manent and effective detective force, securing an appro- 
priation of $10,000 for a secret service fund, and 
modeling the service after that of older systems. He 
was superseded, in 1874, by Joseph H. Dixon, who gave 
way in 1876 to William J. McGarigle. In i.SSo, Edward 
J. Steele was constituted lieutenant of detectives, and 
in 1881, Edward J. Keating was made chief. Iti the 
same year, Thomas H. Currier took charge, and was 
followed by John J. Shea and Joseph Kipley, chiefs of 
this branch of the service until 1885. The following is 



the number of officers detailed as detectives since 1871: 
In 1872, 6; 1873, 10; 1874, 6; 1875, 10 ; 1876, 10 ; 
1877, 10 ; 1878, 8; 1879, 10 ; 1880, u ; 1881, 19; 1882, 
20 ; 1883, 22 ; 1884, 30. The detective force is opera- 
ted on a salary system, with a yearly secret service fund 
appropriation to meet the requirements of its workings, 
which have become very systematic and effective. 

In iS77, the police force of Chicago were successful, 
with the aid of tin- military, in quelling a riot which, at 
one time, threatened to assume the same lawless and de- 
stnictive character which had characterized the labor 
demonstrations in Pittsburgh and other cities. ( In 
Monday, July 23, orders were issued to the Police 
Department to hold itself in constant readiness for a 
local outbreak. Excitement ran high among the labor- 
ing classes, and at a mass meeting of workingmen, held 
on Monday evening, at the corner of Madison and Mar- 
ket streets, five thousand spectators, inflamed by the 
fiery speeches of communistic orators, dispersed to 
their homes with a decided impression that trouble 
would ensue on the morrow. On Tuesday morning, the 
first indication of mob violence appeared, and informa- 
tion reached police headquarters to the effect that a 
mob of several hundred persons, armed with clubs and 
sticks, were moving down South Canal Street, compel- 
ling all workmen in lumber yards and factories to join 
their ranks. They were dispersed by a platoon of sec- 
ond precinct police, and several of the leaders arrested. 
Later in the day, the collection of another mob near 
Remington's gun store, on State Street, led to a second 
successful sortie on the part of the police ; and taking 
this as an indication that the rioters were bent on follow- 
ing the example of the Pittsburgh mob, which raided 
the gun stores of that city, the following order was sent 
to the proprietor of every gun store and pawnshop in 
the city: 



"As a measure of precaution, as well as protection to your- 
selves in the event of a riot, I would respectfully request that you 
immediately remove all revolvers or other fire-arms from your win- 
dows to some safe place where they can not be taken from you, and 
let them so remain until such time as all danger is past. 

" M. C. HlCKF.Y, (n-ncnil Snp,-riii/,-in/,-ii/ of Police." 

At four o'clock in the afternoon, information was 
received at headquarters that mobs were congregating 
in different portions of the city. A general order was 
issued commanding prompt action, and many arrests were 
made. A reserve force was held at each station, and 
the police were kept busy dispersing crowds, which 
gathered later at some new center. That afternoon 
circulars were scattered broadcast over the city, calling 
for a mass meeting on Market Street the same evening. 
The mayor and a council of police questioned the expe- 
diency of this meeting, and the mob, numbering several 
hundred, was dispersed by the police after a vigorous 
use of the baton. The ensuing morning, crowds gath- 
ered to discuss the situation, but they fled at the coming 
of the police. Up to this time the police force had 
been ample to cope with the rising, and Captains Seavey, 
Gund, and O'Donnell, and Lieutenants Hlettner, Sim- 
mons, Bell, Hathaway, Gerbing, and Baus, with their 
details, had done most effective work in controlling and 
dispersing the rioters. Over one hundred and twenty- 
five arrests had been made, and three hundred and 
twenty-two special policemen sworn into service. 

In accordance with a proclamation issued by Mayor 
Heath, citizens' organizations were established in each 
ward; the First and Second regiments, and other milita- 
ry, cavalry, and veteran organizations were held in read- 
iness at their respective armories ; and by Tuesday 
evening not less than twenty thousand armed men were 



CORPORATE HISTORY. 



109 



ready to act in defense of the city. General Joseph T. 
Torrence commanded the military organization, with 
headquarters at the central police office. 

The first actual violence occurred on Wednesday. 
The rioters, growing bolder, began driving men from 
work and destroying property in the lumber districts, 
and massed nine hundred strong near McCormick's 
reaper factory, on Blue Island Avenue. Here a detach- 
ment of police under command of Lieutenants Callahan 
and Vesey routed the mob. Stones and other missiles 
were used, and two patrolmen were slightly injured. A 
second mob, at Van Buren-street bridge, was dispersed 
by Lieutenant Ebersold; and still another, in the vicin- 
ity of the Illinois Central elevator, by Lieutenant Bell 
and Sergeant Brennan. Before noon a dozen out- 
breaks occurred in the various divisions of the city, dur- 
ing which men were beaten, windows broken, and street 
cars stopped. The aspect of affairs had become serious. 
The saloons were ordered to be closed, trucks were kept 
in readiness to carry the police, a mass meeting of the 
rioters was broken up and their platforms torn down, 
and during a desperate hand-to-hand conflict many 
were beaten and several shots fired. At the Burlington 
& Quincy round-house, on Sixteenth Street, Lieutenant 
Macauley and Sergeant Ryan's detail had a half-hour 
battle with the rioters, during which five of the latter 
were shot dead. That evening Pribyl's gun store, on 
South Halsted Street, was raided, and the stock appro- 
priated by the mob. 

Thursday morning, the rioters were massed in the 
vicinity of the Sixteenth-street viaduct, and several 
sanguinary conflicts took place. Lieutenant Bischoff's 
detail drove a riotous crowd into the West Twelfth- 
street Turner Hall, and were fired upon, special police- 
men Landacker and Shanley being wounded. The riot 
had now begun in earnest. At the viaduct, three hun- 
dred and fifty policemen were engaged in a desperate 
battle. Alarming rumors of riot and carnage were 
afloat, and each fusillade intensified the popular excite- 
ment. The hour for decisive action had come, and the 
First and Second regiments, commanded respectively 
by Colonel S. B. Sherer and Colonel James Quirk, 
were ordered by General Torrence to report at the 
scene of disturbance, to Police Captain Seavey. Two 
six-pound guns, ready for action, in command of 
Colonel Bolton and Captain Tobey, and two companies 
of cavalry, were also brought into service. The police 
were nearly exhausted, but kept driving back the 
rioters ; and at Halsted-street bridge, where a large 
number of packing-house and rolling-mill men had re- 
inforced the mob, the scene was one of the wildest con- 
flict. Three platoons of police, commanded by Lieu- 
tenants Hood, Carberry and Bischoff, crossed the bridge 
in pursuit of the rioters, when some sympathiser of the 
latter opened it to prevent their retreat. The police 
were hemmed in, and showers of bullets filled the air, 
when a brave little fellow, named James O'Neill, seeing 
their predicament, swung back the bridge, and soon after 
Deputy Superintendent Dixon and Lieutenant McGar- 
igle arrived with reinforcements, and after a series of 
skirmishes effectually routed the rioters. During the 
various conflicts, ten of the strikers had been killed and 
forty five wounded, and nineteen policemen injured. 

General Joseph T. Torrence, brigadier-general com- 
manding the Illinois National Guards, in his report of 
the riot and the part taken by the military in the same, 
says: 

Railway strikes attended by riots were at that time in progress 
in several States, and the officials of this city were in momentary 
expectation of similar outbreaks here. Upon assuming command, 



I at once ordered the five regiments composing my brigade the 
First, Lieutenant-Colonel S. B. Sherer; the Second, Lieutenant- 
Colonel James Quirk; the Third, Lieutenant-Colonel J. \V. R. 
Stambaugh: the Ninth, Major William P. Chandler, and the Tenth, 
Lieutenant-Colonel J. B. Parsons to assemble at their respective 
armories and hold themselves in readiness to move at a moment's 
notice. These orders were obeyed with the greatest alacrity. 

"The First and Second regiments remained in their armories 
until the 26th of July, when the First was moved to the Exposition 
Building and the Second to the Rock Island Depot. At 10 o'clock 
A. M., the same day, Captain Williams, of the First Regiment, was 
dispatched to the corner of Chicago and Milwaukee avenues, in 
command of his own company, Captain Lackey's Zouaves and the 
North Chicago Light Guard, and an hour later the remainder of the 
First Regiment, under command of Lieutenant-Colonel Sherer, 
was ordered to the Harrison-street Station, where it was joined by 
one gun of Bolton's Veteran Battery. With this force Lieutenant- 
Colonel Sherer then proceeded to the east end of Twelfth-street 
bridge where the gun was placed in position to command the 
bridge, and the regiment properly posted for its support. The 
Second Regiment was simultaneously posted at the corner of West 
Twelfth Street, to support a second gun of Bolton's Battery. In 
the evening the following changes were made: Four companies 
of the Second Regiment, under Lieutenant-Colonel Quirk, were 
stationed on the Halsted-street viaduct, and three companies, under 
Major Murphy, midway between the viaduct and Twelfth Street; 
two companies of the First Regiment were posted at the Twelfth- 
street bridge, two at Jefferson street, and two east of West 
Twelfth-street Turner Hall. With the exception of the removal of 
three companies of the Second Regiment to the corner of Archer 
Avenue and Halsted Street, the disposition of the troops remained 
substantially the same until the 271)1 of July, when, at 2 o'clock 
1'. M., the First Regiment, including Captain Williams's command, 
was ordered to the Exposition Building. Later the Second Regi- 
ment returned to the Rock Island depot. On the morning of the 
28th of July, the Major-General commanding proceeded to Braid- 
wood, taking with him the First Regiment and Captain Lackey's 
Zouaves. The Second Regiment remained on duty at the Rock 
Island depot until Monday morning, the 3Oth of July, at 5 o'clock 
A. M., when, in order to protect persons desirous of resuming work, 
the companies of the regiment were posted as follows : Two com- 
panies at the corner of Eighteenth Street and Stewart Avenue, two 
at the corner of Archer Avenue and Halsted Street, and one at the 
Rock Island depot. On the night of the 26th of July, the troops 
on the viaduct being molested by missiles and pistol shots from 
straggling rioters, Colonel Quirk ordered his men to fire. One 
volley was fired at 9:10 1'. M., and a second at 10:30 p. M., the first 
producing some effect, the second reducing the rioters to silence. 
All remained quiet in the vicinity of the viaduct for the rest of the 
night. The Union Veterans, a force composed wholly of old and 
tried soldiers, though not connected with the State military organi- 
zation, but sworn in as special policemen, reported to me for duty 
and obeyed orders from headquarters. This command was organ- 
ized and equipped under the efficient supervision of General Rey- 
nolds, Colonel Owen Stuart, General O. L. Mann and General 
Martin Beem, on the 24th of July, and from that time forward was 
almost constantly engaged in the performance of duties which were 
of the first importance to the preservation of public order. 

"Company 'A,' Captain Lewis F. Jacobs, and Company 'D,' 
Captain Charles G. French, were on duty for several days, guarding 
the works of the Phcenix Distilling Company, which were seriously 
threatened by mobs. Company ' B,' Captain L. W. Pierce, was the 
first fully organized and equipped, and was employed during almost 
the whole time of the riots in guarding the North and West Side 
water works. Company ' F,' Captain C. R. E. Koch, was mainly 
occupied in protecting the distillery at the corner of Canalport Ave- 
nue and Morgan Street. General Lieb also recruited and com- 
manded a company of veterans, numbering seventy-two men, which 
was of the greatest service. No reports have been received of com- 
panies 'C' and 'G,' of the Union Veterans, but I feel it my duty 
to call attention to their meritorious conduct, as also to that of 
the Clan-na-Gael Guards, Captain W. J. Clingen. On the 26th of 
July, a strong veteran cavalry force of about 150 men was organized 
by Major James H. B. Daly, assisted by General Shaffner. This 
command was divided into three companies, under Captains C. II . 
Montgomerie Agramonte, Thomas J. Waters and H. C. McNeill, 
lo which was added the Chicago Light Cavalry, under Captain 1). 
Welter. Immediately upon being mounted and equipped, the 
troops of Captains Waters, McNeill and Agramonte were ordered 
to the scene of the disturbance the Halsted-street viaduct in the 
neighborhood of which they remained on duty all day, making many 
charges, and capturing a number of prisoners, some in the open 
streets, and others in houses from which shots had been fired, and 
dispersing groups of rioters. General Torrence took command of 
the cavalry on Halsted Street arid at the viaduct in person. The 



no 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



conflict mi llalsted Street having terminated in tin- discomfiture of 
the moli, tin- cavalry was en the remainder (if the time in 

patrolling the disattecled ilistricts. It would lie dilticult lo ovclcsti- 
mate the services rendered by the cavalry, sonic of whom were al- 
most constantly in the saddle, |>crf. inning duties of the most ex- 
hausting and harassing natmc." 

General Torrencr especially refers, in the < ontinua- 
atinn dt' his report, to the members o!" his staff, l.ieuten- 
ant-Colonel H. A. I luntington. Majors Joseph Kirkland 
and John l.anigaii. Captain Cliarlcs II. Taylor, Lieuten- 
ant William C. I .yon, Surgeon !'. Henrotin, Lieutenant 
Mann and Lieutenant Hoppin .the two latter gentle- 
men, recent graduates of West Point, volunteered on 
the staff , all of whom worked faithfully day and night 
in org:mi/.ing, arming, equipping, provisioning and dis- 
posing of the forces. 

Ti t.i riio.NK AND Siti.NAi. SvsTK.M The details of 
the police telephone and signal system will be fully com- 
prehended by a glance at the accompanying illustrations, 
which were furnished by the courtesy of E B. Chandler. 




STANDING BOX. 

The box, or house, complete, represents a telephone 
station, and contains a full outfit for communicating 
with the operator at the police station It is provided 
with an alarm box and telephone, and, with the street 
lamp on top, takes the place of the iron lamp-post. It 
resembles a sentry box, is octagonal in shape, two feet 
five inches in diameter, about seven feet in height, and 
is conspicuous in color. The doors are secured by a 
patent trap lock, and none but police officers have re- 



lease-keys to the same. Citizens opening the boxes have 

numbered keys, and must remain until an officer comes, 
after giving an alarm. Inside of the house is a small 
bo\ with a projecting lever, for the use of citizens, 
which, pulled down, registers a signal at the station for 
the patrol-wagon detail. Inside of this signal box is a 




SIGNAL BOX, CLOSED. 

dial* for different calls, and a telephone for the use of 
patrolmen in communicating with the police station. A 
large number of private signal boxes, a part of the 
general system, have been placed in residences and 
offices. A duplicate key of each residence or office is 
left tinder seal at the police station, and a call indicating 
burglars brings the police with the means of gaining 
ready access to the house or office whence the call is 
made. The patrol wagons are models of convenience 
and adaptability for the work required of them. They 




SIGNAL BOX, OPEN. 

Rave an alarm gong, and carry handcuffs, clubs, blankets, 
canvas stretchers and ropes. The single-horse wagon 
is employed where short distances are to be covered and 
light work is expected. The double wagon is more 
completely equipped, and can carry quite a number of 
persons. 

FREDERICK EIIERSOI.D, chief of police, is one of the most 
popular and courteous of the police officials. He was born at Ix- 
heim, Bavaria, on March 30, 1841, his parents being Louis ami Eliz- 
abeth (Schmidt) Ebersold. His father was a heavy 'contractor of that 
town, and was held in such high esteem that much of his work was 
done for the government. His wife's father was a leading physi- 
cian of Lavana, and descended from a noted family of land-owners 
edenck obtained his education in the national school of his native- 
place and also assisted his father, as a boy could, in his profession 
as a builder and contractor. During the later years of their lives 
MS parents were afflicted with diseases which proved to be incurable' 
her lingered as a hopeful consumptive, and his mother as a 



police. 



The face of this box was adapted by W. J. McGangle, while chief of 



CORPORATE HISTORY. 



sufferer from rheumatism, until, on the 6th of February, 1856, they 
passed away together. Thus, at the age of fifteen, young Ebersold 
was left an orphan ; but having an aunt and an elder brother in 
America, he decided to join them. In September, 1856, he sailed 
from Havre, France ; and after remaining a few months with his 
aunt in New York, he started with his brother, an architect, for 
Chicago. In February, 1857, he entered the employ of J. J. West, 




ALARM-BOX DIAL. 

the furniture dealer, as a varnisher and finisher. Mr. West selling 
out in 1859, Mr. Ebersold went to Mendota, where for two years 
he managed a large warehouse business, dealing principally in coal 
and grain. At the breaking out of the War, he joined the I2th Illi- 
nois Infantry in the three months' service, being corporal of his 
company. He was taken sick at Cairo and returned to Chicago in 
August, but enlisted the next month as a private in Company " I," 
55th Illinois Regiment. He was promoted through all the ranks 
to the captaincy ; and, as a portion of the First Brigade, Second 
Division, 1 5th Army Corps, he marched with Sherman to the sea, 
and was with him until the surrender of Lee. He participated in 




METHOD OF WORKING. 

thirty engagements, and was in the thick of the bloody fight at Shi- 
loh, where, with the exception of the gth Illinois, the 55th Regi- 
ment lost more heavily than any other command. Out of a total of 
512 who went into the fight, 283 were either killed, wounded or 



missing. The 55th was placed upon the left of the line, in an im- 
portant position, its particular task being the building of a corduroy 
road over Leak Creek, near Hamburg. Captain Ebersold was 
mustered out of service at Little Rock, Ark., on August 14, and paid 
off at Chicago, on August 25, 1865, quite broken in health. He then 
engaged in the commission business for some time, but met with 
reverses. He joined the police force on July 9, 1867, and has been 
conected with it in various positions ever since. Commencing as 
patrolman, he joined the day squad in 1868, became sergeant of the 
first precinct in May, 1872, and captain on August I, 1879. At the 
same time, William Buckley was appointed lieutenant, which office 
was formerly known as sergeant. Captain Ebersold took charge 
of the second precinct in August, 1880, and of the third precinct in 
December of the same year. In August, 1885, he was placed in 
command of the day squad for his district, and on April 22, 1884, 
he succeeded Captain Buckley, and assumed the command of the 
first precinct. In August, 1885, Captain Ebersold was appointed 
inspector of police, succeeding Colonel Welter, deceased. He re- 
mained in this position until October 15, 1885, when, on the resig- 
nation of Superintendent I )oyle, he became acting superintendent 
of police, the position he now holds. Except as a member of the 
Grand Army of the Republic, Captain Ebersold is not connected 
with any secret society. He was married on November 26, 1868, 
to Julia Sophia Hahn. They have five living children, two boys 
and three girls. 

AUSTIN J. DOYLE, late general superintendent of the Police 
Department, was the youngest incumbent of that position who ever 
held the office in Chicago. He was born in this city on September 
18, 1849. Receiving his education at the Christian Brothers' 
School, he commenced his business life as an errand boy for thu dry 
goods firm of W. M. Ross & Co., being afterward collector for 
that house. In 1865, he obtained a minor position in the Record- 
er's Court, and three years thereafter was appointed first deputy. 
His industry, ability and courtesy made him such a general favorite, 
that when, in 1873, he was run upon the People's Ticket for clerk 
of the Criminal Court, he was elected by 13,000 majority. Although 
the youngest man upon the ticket he received the largest majority. 
The duties which Mr. Doyle w-as called upon to perform in this 
position, being in contact with every variety of the criminal classes, 
admirably fitted him for the greater responsibilities which he subse- 
quently assumed. He was chosen secretary and inspector of po- 
lice on June 14, 1879, an d served in that capacity until November 
22, 1882, when he w : as appointed superintendent of the Police De- . 
partment by Mayor Harrison, and in that responsible position he 
became a terror to all evil-doers throughout the country. Small in 
size and mild in deportment, Mr. Doyle is. noted far and near for 
his bravery, and for his unbending firmness when his mind has been 
made up to any line of action. He is among the shrewdest of his 
profession, and yet is the soul of honor. In fact, no department of 
the city government was more vigorously or ably conducted than his. 
DOMINICK WEI.TEK, deceased, was born in Echternach, Grand 
Duchy of Luxemburg, on November 9, 1839. In 1850, his father 
removed his family to Tiffin, Ohio. There the son attended the 
public schools and assisted his father in the bakery, learning also the 
business of a tobacconist. Being naturally venturesome, when fif- 
teen years of age he enlisted in the 7th United States Infantry, and 
in the service saw much of Oregon and Washington territories, lo- 
calities which were little known in those days. At the breaking out 
of the War, he started for San Francisco ; but finding that no 
soldiers were being recruited in California, left for his old home, in 
June, 1861. At Cincinnati he enlisted as a private in the "Fremont 
Guard," known in the service as the 4th Ohio Cavalry, and attached 
to the Army of the Cumberland. He was promoted to a second 
lieutenancy in September, 1862, and to the first lieutenancy in Janu- 
ary, 1863. He was taken prisoner at Chickamauga, on September 
20, 1863, and for eighteen months suffered all the hardships of prison 
life at Libby, Va., Macon, Ga., Charleston and Columbia (Camp 
Sorghum), S. C., and Salisbury, N. C., where he was exchanged, via 
Wilmington, N. C., by order of the Secretary of War, receiving his 
final discharge in July, 1865. While a prisoner, during the summer 
of 1864, he was promoted to a captaincy, and at the close of the 
War he was major, commanding his regiment. After the War he 
returned to his home in Tiffin and continued his business as a tobac- 
conist. He visited Chicago, as early as 1852, his elder brother hav- 
ing acquired possession of a large tract of real estate covering the 
present site of the Custom House, upon a portion of which he lived. 
But believing that Chicago would never amount to much he sold the 
land, which, had he retained it, would have made him a millionaire, 
and removed from Chicago several years before the breaking out of 
the Rebellion. Dominick Welter first located permanently in Chi- 
cago, in 1870, establishing himself as a tobacconist, conducting a 
prosperous business, turning the active management of the estab- 
lishment over to his son when he himself had been appointed to the 
position of secretary and inspector of police, in November, 1882. 
Under Colonel Welter's management this department became one of 



112 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 




in--", 11 tv -<l v a \ ,u I > , 1 . . ^ . V I. , WM9 Ul KttllllfcCU 111 . \ UJ^ llsl , 1 ; /, .11 111 

Major \\cltcr succeeded Colonel Agramonlc as commanding ofncel 
in March, iSsi. It was mainly due to Colonel Welter's untiring 
/e.il thai this regiment of ca\alry has reached its present excellent 
'ilion. In December, 1SS4. when three hlliulred men were 
added to the police force, Colonel Welter over-exerted himself in 
drilling the recruits, and this brought on a combination of diseases, 
which were the ultimate cause of his death. At the annual police- 
men's picnic in iSSs, at the Chicago Driving 1'ark, lie was taken so 
ill that he was obliged to go home, and was confined to his resilience 
for several days. lie rallied slightly, ami decided to make a visit 
to his old home in Tillin, Ohio. While there he became ill with 
aneurism of the heart, and died on the night of lulyS, 1885. I'pon 
the arrival of the news of his death in Chicago, the police headquar- 
ters and station-houses were draped in mourning, and a detach- 
ment of officers pf police left for Ohio to act as escort to his remains. 
I hey re. idled this city Friday morning, July I", and were met at the 
lialtimore \ Ohio depot by the Fiist Regiment and one hundred 
patrolmen, who escorted the body to the City 1 lall. Funeral ser- 
vices were held on Sunday, July II. The <,'V/, ; ;v which escorted 
his rem.iins to St. Joseph's Church, and thence to St. Boniface 
Cemetery, consisted of Chief Marshal Stockton and staff, S 
Regiment band. 150 members of the Fire Department, drum corps 
of B.ntery " D," Chief of Police Doyle and stall", 400 men from the 
Police Department, detectives, Frocher & Winter's baud, KXXJ 
men Irom the Independent Order of Foresters, Major Ncv.m's 
Hand, KX) representatives from th; Luxemburg Unterstuetzungs 
Veiein, 50 men from the Catholic benevolent Legion, 50 National 
Veterans, drum corps of the First Regiment Infantry, 25011111101 
the 1st Infantry, 20 men of the Colored Battalion, Cavalry band 
and First Regiment Cavalry, the caisson bearing the casket, pall- 
bearers, wagons with tloral tributes, carriages conveying the family 
and friends and city and county officials. After the remains were de- 
posited in the grave, a military salute ended the ceremonies. ( lolo- 
nel Welter was twice married ; his first wife. Miss Sarah F. Russell, 
of Philadelphia, he wedded in San Francisco. By her had one son, 
-Charles |)., who survives him and carries on business in this city. 
The second wife and widow of Colonel Welter, was Mrs. Marv 
Spelz, of Chicago, whom he married May 17, iSji. They had three 
children, Nicholas, Flixabeth and Mary. The deceased was a 
member of the Catholic Benevolent Legion, the 1'olice P.euevolent 
Association, the State Police and Fire Association, and a member 
of the Board of Directors of the High Court of the Independent 
Order of Foresters. 

GWIKIJK. W. HiimiARM, in charge of the central detail, was 
born at l.itwalton, Lancaster Co., Va., on May 22, i,S,o. At the 
breaking out of the War his parents removed to Baltimore, where 
< '.eorge received much of his early education, attending, among other 
institutions, Bryant & Stratum's Commercial College at that place. 
About iniid. his father bought a beautiful piece of land on the 
shores of Horn's Bay, Dorchester Co., Md., called the Garden of 
Eden. The investment, however, proved a losing one, and shortly 
afterward he removed to Cambridge, Md. A few years thereafter 
George located in Kalamazoo, Mich. There he remained for sev- 
eral years as clerk in the American Mouse. In March, 1871, Lieu- 
tenant Hubbard came to Chicago, and entered the employ of Daw- 
son \ Shields. For a time also he held a position with the South 
Division Railway Company. In July, 1873, he joined the Police 
Department as patrolman. In August, 1875, he was appointed 
sergeant at the Deering-street Station. When the patrol-wagon 
system was introduced, in 1880, he was placed in charge of the first 
wagon, which was located at the Twelfth-street Station In No- 
vember, 1882. he was promoted to a lieutenancy, and in April 1884 
acting captain in command of the central detail He is -1 
member of Richard ( ole Lodge, A.F. & A. M., Washington Chapter 
.A.M and Apollo (. ommandcry, K.T. Lieutenant Hubbard is 
asyand courteous in his manners, and a good disciplinarian 

HAKl. JOHN SCHAACK, captain of police in charge of the 

th precinct, with headquarters at Chicago-avenue Police Station 

controlling one of the most important police districts in Chicago! 

has been a member of the municipal force for over sixteen years 

and a resident of this city since 1856. Captain Schaack is a native 

telgmm- Luxemburg, and was born at Saptfountaines, on April 

3t'43. Uie SOnol Christoph and Margaret Schaack. I I is father was 

expert locksmith at his native place, and there the son attended 

school until he was eleven years of age, in 1853 accompanying the 

family to America. I hey visited ( 'hicago and remained here for a 

short time, and then located on a farm near Port Washington Wis 

In 1858 when he was fifteen years old, Captain Schaack went to 

Cnro, III., and was employed in a large brewing establishment for 

e years. He then returned to Chicago, and after several lake 

-s began his official career as a member of Ludwig's ni-dit 



and detective force. Here he served with distinction in a detective 
capacity until June 15, lS6y, when he joined the municipal force, 
being assigned to duty at the armory as a patrolman. Six months 
later he was transferred to the North Division, where he has mostly 
been on duty since that date. lie served as roundsman, sergeant 
and detective until 1.171). August 1 of which year he was prom. .ted 
to a lieutenancy, and on November I assigned to duty at the Arm- 
ory, where he remained lor one year. On August 17, 1885, he was 
promoted to a captaincy and placed at his present post of duty. 
During all these years Captain Schaack's record has been a remark- 
able one in point of courage and efficiency, and without doubt 
excels that of anv other member of the force. He came to the de- 
partment with experience, and at once signalized himself for com- 
petency and integrity, and with his former partner. Detective 
Whaleii, has done much to suppress crime in the North 1 hvision ol 
the city. On January I, 1867, when a member ol Ludwig's de- 
tective force, he detected safe burglars at a Kingsbury Street coal 
otlice. and single-handed attempted to arrest them. Four desper- 
adoes in turn went through his hands, two escaping amid a fusillade 
of -hols, and two being dragged to the street by the captain. One 
assaulted him with a chisel, while he held his other prisoner with 
his foot on his throat, and, wounded as he was, landed him in safety 
at the station, whence he was sent for live years to the penitentiary. 
In the winter of 1809, Captain Schaack had a desperate encounter 
with a band of burglars and recovered $3,000 ol stolen cloths on 
North (.'lark Street. The exploit involved a marvelous exercise of 
daring, and resulted in the capture of two noted malefactors. The 
episode came very nearly proving fatal to officer and criminal, and 
with its iletails of Ilight and pursuit forms one of the most thrilling 
incidents in police annals. During its occurrence Captain Hatha- 
way was mistaken for a burglar ami fired at, but falling, and the 
sparks of a lighted cigar disclosing his identity, barely escaped a 
second and fatal shot. Later, Captain Schaack arrested a band of 
burglars on North Clark Street after a sanguinary affray, which re- 
sulted in the breaking up of an organized gang of railroad car- 
thieves, and for which he received much credit. His record is 
replete with exploits of this kind, the most recent noted case being 
the arrest and conviction of the assassin Mulkowski, traced down 
by many shrewd!) worked clues. Since 1875, Captain Schaack has 
participated in no less than 933 arrests, 865 of which were of crim- 
inals. Among these were the most dangerous malefactors known 
in the West, many of whom had served as many as four terms in 
the State penitentiary, and had as high as ten criminal charges 
against them. It was he who sent Keeney Maloney and lames 
Flynn to the penitentiary for the rolling-mills robbery, to effect which 
they threatened to assassinate an infant before its mother's eyes. 
( 'aptain Schaack's record shows perhaps the arrest of more noto- 
rious criminals than that of any other single officer on the force. 
Aside from his phenomenal reputation as a detective and efficiency 
as an official, he is prominently known in social and business circles, 
and enjoys the esteem and confidence of the citizens in the com- 
munity where he resides. He is a member of the Policemen's 
Benevolent Association, and of the State organization; is a charter 
member of Lafayette Lodge, No. 3, of Forresters, and of the I.uxem- 
burger Benevolent Association. Captain Schaack was married, on 
April 21, 1871, to Miss Christina Klassen, of Chicago; they have 
three children, Eddie M., Charles W. and Margaret O. 

EDWARD LAIKIIII.IM, lieutenant at the Harrison-street Station, 
was born at Castle, County Kerry, Ireland, on September 8, 1843, 
where he received his early education. When about eighteen years 
of age he came to America, and, after a month's sojourn in New- 
York, removed to Valparaiso, Ind., and was employed on the rail- 
road between Fort Wayne and Chicago. In 1862, he located in 
Chicago, and was engaged in the Chicago & Milwaukee Railroad 
freight-house for one year, and then for two years with an iron- 
house at Nos. S6-S8 Market Street. In April, 1867, he went to 
California, remaining there and in Wyoming Territory and Nevada 
for two years, being interested in mining, and at steamboating on the 
Missouri and Sacramento rivers. In 1869, he returned to Chicago, 
and lor over two years worked in the establishment of Ingraham, 
( orbin & May. lie -became a member of the police force on March 
2, 1872, serving at the West Madison-street Station for two years, 
at Hinman-street two years, and at Twelfth-street three years. 
Later, for one year, Lieutenant Laughlin was assigned to detective 
work on the superintendent's staff. He was made acting lieutenant 
of police at the Thirty-fifth-street Station in iSSi ; th'ree months 
later was officially appointed, and, in November, 1882, was trans- 
ferred to his present position. Lieutenant Laughlin bears a high 
record for bravery and detective ability. He was the leader in the 
capture of Louis Reaume, an insane man who had terrorized two 
hundred miles of country, when armed, in a railroad train, a cap- 
ture made only after deadly peril and fatal bloodshed. Lieutenant 
Laughlin was married, in Chicago, in 1869, to Miss Johanna Sulli- 
van. They have seven children, Marv, Nora, Kate, Johanna, 
Margaret, David, and Daniel Duffy 



CORPORATE HISTORY. 



RICHARD ALEXANDER SHEPPARD, lieutenant of police of the 
Fifth Municipal Precinct, has been an active member of the force 
for over ten years, and a resident of Chicago since 1866. He is the 
son of John J. and Ann S. Sheppard, and was born in Tipperary, 
Ireland, on April 15, 1849. He remained at his native place and 
acquired the first rudiments of an education until he was eleven 
years of age, when he accompanied his mother, sister and two 
brothers to America. They located on a farm near Cleveland, Os- 
wegoCo. , N. V., where the family still reside; Lieutenant Shep- 
pard in 1866, after completing his education, coming to Chicago 
and settling permanently here. For five years he was engaged 
as driver and conductor for the North Division Street Railway 
Company, a line of service from which numerous present prominent 
police and fire officials have graduated. The year of the great fire 
he became associated with his brother, William H. Sheppard, in 
the livery business at Rush Street and Chicago Avenue (an enter- 
prise the latter has successfully operated for over a quarter of a 
century), but sold out his interest in 1875, and joined the municipal 
police corps, serving first as patrolman at the Twenty-second Street 
Station, and later at the Armory. On August 5, 1878, he was pro- 
moted to a sergeantcy, and placed in charge of the Hinman-street 
Precinct where he served as acting lieutenant for one year, in 1879 
being transferred to the Deering-street Station. In the latter part 
of iS8i, he was sent to the Cottage Grove-avenue Station, and, 
in 1883, as day sergeant, to the Armory. On February 15, 1885, 
he was made lieutenant, and assigned to service at his present post 
of duty, at the Chicago-avenue Police Station. During eleven years 
active service in the department, Lieutenant Sheppard has won dis- 
tinction for efficiency, courage and shrewdness ; and official capacity 
alone has brought him promotion from the ranks. He has been 
prominent in many occurrences of note. In 1877, he took an active 
part in the labor riots, and three years later had charge during the 
butchers' strike at the stock-yards. He also had charge of the con- 
clave at Lake Park, during the great Masonic celebration in this 
city, in 1880. The same year he was dangerously shot, in an 
encounter with thieves connected with the celebrated gas-house rob- 
bery, in which $4,000 was mysteriously stolen. Later, the Finnu- 
cane-Cavanagh rolling-mills burglary and the arrest of the murderer 
McCue were worked by him, and are two of a long series of brilliant 
detective operations which he directed or personally carried through. 
Lieutenant Sheppard is well known socially and as a citizen outside 
of his official career, and is an esteemed member of the community 
in which he resides. He is an active member of the Masonic fra- 
ternity, belonging to Kilwinning Lodge, Corinthian Chapter, 
Chicago Council, and the order of the Red Cross, and belongs to 
the Policemen's Benevolent and State Policemen and Firemen's As- 
sociations. He was married, in 1876, to Miss Mary Green, of 
\Vaukegan, 111. They have two children, Annie and John. 

KI.IMIA KM.MONS LLOYD, lieutenant of the Webster-avenue 
Police Station, has been a resident of Chicago since 1869, and of 
Illinois for thirteen years anterior to that date. His career has 
been full of honor and distinguished service, being one of the 
illustrious quartette of his company placed on the roll of honor at 
Stone River, and the only one of his squad to survive the horrors 
of Andersonville. Mr. Lloyd was born at Long Branch, Mon- 
mouth Co., N. J., on February 7, 1839, and was one of the six 
sons and six daughters of Charles C. and Sarah E. Lloyd. For 
generations his ancestors had been farmers at his native place. At 
the age of twelve he engaged on an ocean fishing smack for two 
years, and later on the freight packet " Emma Hendricks," plying 
between Long Branch and New York City. His first real moneyed 
employment was with William Chamberlain, a farmer for whom he 
worked for three dollars a month and board. On January 18, 1856, 
he arrived in Chicago, " two dollars and a half worse off than noth- 
ing," having borrowed that sum from Postmaster Isaac Cook. He 
proceeded to the farm of his uncle, F. A. Emmons, now retired, at 
Aurora, and then located at Bristol, on the Fox River, where he 
remained until 1861. On July I in that year, when the report of 
General Lyon's death at Wilson's Creek was received, he enlisted 
in Co. " E," 3&th Illinois Volunteer Infantry, at Camp Hammond, 
being sworn into service on August II, at Rol'la, Mo., where his regi- 
ment remained until the following January under General Sigel. 
They were in the battle of Pea Ridge, were engaged at Pittsburg 
Landing, and participated in the siege of Corinth. Lieutenant 
Lloyd was present at the battle of Perryville, whence his command 
marched, via Nashville, to Murfreesboro'. In that conflict, the 
regiment lost heavily, his company losing thirty-four men, and he 
himself receiving five bullet-holes through his cap and forty through 
his blanket. He had his overcoat, undercoat and haversack shot 
away, and yet was but slightly wounded. After the battle, he was 
one of four from the company placed by General Rosecrans on the 
roll of honor. Then followed the long march to Chickamauga, the 
fierce conflict, and the capture of the lieutenant. For fourteen 
months he lay in Southern prisons, going through the tortures of 
Libby, the Koyster House, Danville, and thence to Andersonville; 



leaving there a cripple at the time, but with a deserved record for 
bravery, unselfishness and endurance. He was finally sent home 
to Bristol on furlough, and was refused when he attempted to re- 
enlist. In 1866, he went to Angola, Ind. , and was there married 
to Miss Abia Bennett, daughter of Thomas J. Bennett. He had 
been with her dead brother in the War, and had corresponded with 
her, but was compelled to work on the farm to show his agricultural 
ability before he could induce Mr. Bennett to part with his daugh- 
ter. After the wedding, on September 2, 1866, Mr. Lloyd re- 
turned to the Bristol farm, and three years later came to Chicago, 
where he engaged as driver for the North Division Street Railway 
Company. On August 14, 1871, he joined the municipal police 
force as a patrolman, under Captain Fox, at the old Huron-street 
Police Station. After the great fire he served first at the Webster- 
avenue and then the Dearborn-street Police Station, at the Court- 
house crossing, at the F^xposition, thence to Webster Avenue as a 
roundsman, then as sergeant, and finally was made lieutenant by 
Superintendent Seavey, at the West Madison-street Police Station. 
There he remained a year, and was transferred variously to Webster 
Avenue, East Chicago Avenue, and back to his present post. 
Lieutenant Lloyd's two children are Hattie E. and Lyman L. 
The former is a graduate of the High School, and now a school 
teacher. She took the Ennis first prize medal for proficiency in 
German and for writing the best English essay; an honor on which 
she was congratulated by the Baroness Von Glohn. Lieutenant 
Lloyd has generously adopted a comrade's three orphan children. 
He is a member of the State Fire and Police Association; of Lin- 
coln Park Lodge, No. 611, A.F. & A.M.; Lincoln Park Chapter, 
No. 177, R.A.M.; and St. Bernard Commandery, No. 35, K.T. 

JOHN l!.\rs, lieutenant of police at the Larrabee-strect Police 
Station, is one of the oldest officers of the municipal police force, 
having joined the department in 1865. During a citizenship of 
over three decades' duration, and a public service to the community 
reaching well on to a quarter. of a century, Lieutenant Baus bears 
the proud distinction of having filled the same important office of 
trust and authority for eighteen years, and of having filled it accept- 
ably to his superior officers and to the community at large. Lieu- 
tenant Baus is a native of the kingdom of Bavaria, and was born at 
Geraldhausen, near Wiirzburg, on February 24, 1828. His father, 
John P. Baus, was a cabinet-maker, and under him the son and 
future lieutenant acquired the rudiments of this and the painting 
trade in his native town, and attended the Lutheran School at that 
place. There, father and son were prominent in the revolutionary 
movement of 1848. Three years later Lieutenant Baus came to 
America, sailing from Havre in the steamer Danubia, and seventeen 
and a half days later arriving in New York, on April 23, 1851. 
For the ensuing two years he was located at Utica and Rome, N. 
Y., where he worked at the painting trade. In 1854, he came west, 
and after a brief residence went to Belvidere, III. He returned to 
Utica in 1856, and there was married to Miss Sabine L. Dupper, 
returning to Chicago and resuming his trade in this city. In 1857, 
when John Wentworth was mayor of Chicago, Lieutenant Baus 
joined the police force, of which he was a member for two years, 
resuming his trade until 1862, when he became a carrier for the 
Illinois Staats Zeitung. On August 16, 1862, he enlisted in Co. 
" C," 82d Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and was assigned to duty in 
the nth Army Corps, shortly afterward engaging in the battle of 
Chancellorsville. The ensuing year his regiment marched to Chat- 
tanooga and went through the campaign of the Cumberland, being 
in the battle at Mission Ridge and in other notable conflicts. He 
accompanied General Sherman's command in the March to the Sea, 
and, after three years' active service, was discharged from the army 
at Washington, IX C., on June 9, 1865, and was mustered out on 
July I, 1865. The same year he resumed his trade in Chicago, and 
on September 20, 1865, again joined the municipal police force, be- 
ing recommended by Captain Fred. Gund, to the Board of Police 
Commissioners, of which he has been a member since. Almost im- 
mediately afterward he was made station-keeper at the North Market 
Police Station, and the spring following was transferred to a like 
position at the North-avenue Police Precinct, then a sub-station. 
In August, 1866, he returned to the North Market Station as night 
station-keeper, and, on June I, 1867, was transferred to the North- 
avenue (now Larrabee-street) Police Station as day station-keeper. 
On January 13, 1868, he was made sergeant, a position later changed 
to a lieutenancy, being in service at the Huron-street Station until 
November 14, 1868, when he returned to the North-avenue Station, 
where he has remained uninterruptedly since that time. He was 
there in control at the time of the great fire of 1871, when he took 
charge of $75,000 worth of plate and valuables belonging to William 
B. Ogden, saving them by burying them near his own home, which 
was destroyed by the fire. His wife and son died shortly before 
that time, and, on Jany.29, 1874, Lieutenant Baus married again, 
his second wife being Miss Margaret Dupper, of this city. Lieu- 
tenant Baus bears a proud record for efficiency, bravery and ability, 
and the police district under his control is one of the best regulated 



114 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



in the city. It was settled principally by Bavarians, and is termed the 
Bavarian " Heaven." In I line, i.*7i , at the head of a mounted detail, 
on his "historical" while horse, he led the escort of the I iernian 
Peaci Festival Procession, said to lie the largest and longest col- 
umn ever in the street-, of this city. In 1877. Lieutenant Hans took 
the flag in the comjK'titive police drill. During the riot of 1877, 
he drove twenty-live hundred rioters across Madison-street bridge 
with twenty-live |x>licemen, and for this feat received the sobriquet 
of " the flanker " from the city press. In the Knights Templars' 
and ( iai held funeral parades, he, mounted, led the processions, as he 
did the procession on Mayor Harrison's return. \Vhenmonnted 
he has been distinguished In many terms such as Napoleon, ( ieneral 
Van der Tann, and I'hil. Sheridan. In September, i^7S Lieu- 
tenant Hans was offered the position occupied by Captain ( '.und, 
but refused it on account of his friendship for that officer. During 
the dead lock at Springfield in i$$5. Lieutenant Bans received one 
\ote for 1'. S. Senator; the nearest he has ever come to congres- 
sional honors. He has a family of live children, three by his first 
wife, named Mrs. Louisa Massion, Adelaide C. and Kittie, anil two 
by his second wife, named Margaret and John 1". 

JAMES 1'. STANTON, lieutenant of the West Lake-street police 
district, was appointed to that position in the direct line of promo- 
tion, on August I, tSSr. As a citi/.cn, a soldier and a business 
man he has exhibited ability, enterprise and personal integrity of a 
high order. Mr. Stanton, who is the son of John and Winifred 
Stanton, was horn on March 25, 1844, at Birmingham, Km/land, 
where his father followed the trade of a bookbinder. There he lived 
until he came to Chicago, on February 25, 1856. His father had 
visited America in 1842, and on his second voyage preceded his 
family about a year. Kor eight years after his arrival, the son 
worked at the trade of gla/ier and painter, and engaged in this in- 
dustry under Government employ at the breaking out of the \Var, 
being stationed at Vicksburgand along the Mississippi River, under 
Colonel Coolbaugh. On lulv -jS, iS(>4, he enlisted in the United 
States Navy, at Philadelphia, remaining in the service three years 
and a month, and being mustered out on August 26, 1867. lie 
was ..n the " New Ironsides" at both attacks on Fort Fisher, and 
was wounded at Norfolk; serving also on the "I'hicopee" and 
" Marblehead." After leaving the service he remained in Fhiladel- 
phia, but finally returned to Chicago and resumed his trade, being 
engaged with his father until 1869, when he joined the police force. 
For two years he was stationed at the old Armory, under Captain 
Hickey. In 1871, he resigned, and engaged in business until 1873, 
when he was elected a constable of the West Town for a. term of 
four years. In 1878, Mr. Stanton became again a member of the 
force, serving his sixty days' probation in Captain Hood's precinct, 
under Lieutenant Hell, at the Hinman-street Station ; was trans- 
ferred to Madison Street, appointed a detective, then a sergeant, and 
finally to the lieutenancy. Mr. Stanton was married on October 
28, 1860, when sixteen years, seven months and three days old, be- 
ing one of the youngest men on record to assume the connubial yoke 
in this municipality. He wedded Miss Mary Murphy, the daughter 
of an old settler of the North Division, the ceremony being per- 
formed by Rev. Dr. I lunne, of the Church of the Holy Name. Mr. 
and Mrs. Stanton have had ten children, seven of whom are still liv- 
ing, who are named Mary, John, Winifred, Ellen, George, Agnes 
and Frank. The lieutenant is a member of the A.O.U.W., the 
Police Benevolent and State Associations, and was president of the 
Painters' Union. 

LUWAKD J. STEF.LE, lieutenant at the West Chicago-avenue 
Station, has been a resident of Chicago for sixteen years, and prom- 
inently identified with the municipal police department since 
1872. Lieutenant Steele has been a familiar and popular ele- 
ment in the routine police and detective service. He was 
born at Lowville, Lewis Co., N. Y., on August 14, 1839, being 
the son of Joseph and Elizabeth Steele. When about six 
years old his parents removed to Canada, where he received his 
early education. When twenty-four years of age, he resided a year 
in Minnesota, and in 1869, became a resident of Chicago, having 
been engaged previously in farming. Here he followed the trade 
of a carpenter, and was also a member of the Hamblen merchant 
police agency for one year. In 1872, he joined the metropolitan 
force, being for three years at the West Madison-street Station. 
He then served on the day squad, at the Central Station, for nearly 
two years, and, from 1874 until 1879, was a member of the Chief's 
staff of detectives, in the latter year being appointed chief of that 
branch of the service. After acting about a year in this capacity 
he was appointed lieutenant, and was at West Lake Street a year,' 
and later transferred to his present post. Lieutenant Steele's rec- 
ord shows not a single day off duty in thirteen years, and covers 
some notable arrests, among them that of A. E. Woodward, 
Tweed's confidential clerk, and of Clermont, alias Roland, of Harris- 
burg, I'enn. He also apprehended the murderer, Sam Kelly, of Phil- 
adelphia, in 1*7$, the Galestrarg Hank robbers, Carroll, Davis and 
Guerin, and the model railroad gang, with large plunder recovered. 



Lieutenant Steele was married in Chicago, in 1863, to Miss Mary 
I'arker. They have live children, Freeman, Sarah, Joseph, Nettie 
and Daisy. 

IOIIN P. HKAKII, lieutenant of police, has been a resident of 
Chicago for seventeen years, and was appointed to the police force 
by Chief Seavey. He was born in McDonough County, III., in 
i^l"). the son of Thomas J. and LucyJ. Beard. He received his 
early education at home, and then at Lake Forest Academy and at 
Abingdon College; and in 1868, came to Chicago. For over two 
years he was a salesman in a wholesale hardware establishment, and 
in 1870, engaged in the importation of crockcryware, as a member 
of the linn of Heard, Savage & Heard. After their establishment 
was destroyed by the fire, he, for a brief time, engaged in the sale 
of photographers' supplies. On joining the police force, during the 
first year of Mayor Heath's administration, he was assigned to cler- 
ical work at the Central Police Station for three months. He was 
then transferred to the I linman-street Station, and later, to the 
Madison-street Station, when he was appointed station-keeper and 
sent to Lake-street Station. In 1882, two months after his promo- 
tion to a lieutenancy, he was assigned to the West Madison-street 
Station, his present post of duty. Throughout his service in the 
department, Lieutenant Beard has been noted for his efficiency as 
an officer and prompt and effective work on cases intrusted to his 
charge. Lieutenant Beard was married, in 1873, to Miss Fannie 
Sutton, of Chicago. They have one child, Sarah. 

MADISUN HKAUEI.L, lieutenant of police, is the son of 
Benjamin and Adeline (Wiley) Beadell, and was born in Oneida 
County, N. V., in 1844. In 1859, after receiving a fair education, 
he accompanied an older brother, sailing on the Lakes and on the 
Atlantic, having a. residence at the Thousand Islands, in the St. 
Lawrence River. While passing through the Wetland Canal, in 
June, 1861, he heard of the breaking-out of the Rebellion, and en- 
listed in the loth Illinois Cavalry, at Chicago ; from which time, for 
four years and nine months, he was engaged in active service. He 
was first on duty in Missouri, and was in all the battles fought in 
the Mississippi Valley. He was with the Army of the Southwest 
at Prairie Grove, Springfield and Little Rock, going from the latter 
place to join General Banks at Shrcvcport, La. After the march to 
the Rio Grande with General Sheridan, Lieutenant Headell was mus- 
tered out of service in San Antonio, Texas, in 1865. He then re- 
turned to Chicago, and at once joined the police force. His first 
post was at the Archer-avenue Station, under Sergeant Mergenthaler. 
Lieutenant Beadell was the first policeman who patroled regularly 
the Hridgeport beat, where he was located four years. He then 
went to the new station at Wentworth Avenue and Twenty-second 
Street, under Captain Buckley, roundsman. He was assigned to duty 
on the beat south of Twenty-second and east of State Street, being 
the first patrolman ever placed there on regular duty, the district 
then comprising an open prairie. For a few years subsequent to 
iSdc,, he served at the old Armory, and, in 1873, was appointed a 
desk-sergeant, the commission being extended on account of injuries 
received while on duty at Burlington Hall, on Slate Street, at which 
time, in attempting to overtake a thief, from whom he 'recovered 
$1600, he had his leg and three ribs broken. The lieutenant then 
served as sergeant at the Twenty-second Street, and later at the 
Cottage Grove-avenue Police Station. Being made lieutenant at the 
latter station in 1878, he was transferred in the same capacity to 
Twenty-second Street, and thence to Deering Street, in Bridgeport. 
Here he was in charge during the butchers' strike of iSSi, and was 
credited with being so popular among them, that the demonstration 
was held in check practically through his exertions and influence. 
1 he same year he returned to his present post, at the Cottage Grove- 
avenue Police Station, where he enjoys the confidence of his men and 
of the community. His detective acumen has been productive of suc- 
cess in numerous criminal cases, among them the arrest and conviction 



j , tlul ,,^, wu: -, ULIICI ^.itses 01 popular inter- 

Lieutenant Beadell married Miss Bertha Gritzmaker, of Chi- 
cago, in 1869. They have two children, Charles and Benjamin 

AUGUST BI.ETTNER, lieutenant of police, and a member of 
the municipal police force since 1867, was born in Germany near 
Cassel, on May 10, 1846, the son of George and Elizabeth Blettner 
U hen six years of age he accompanied his parents to Chicago 
where they located in the West Division, and there the son was edu- 
cated. W hen seventeen years of age he enlisted in the 5 1st Illinois 
Volunteer Infantry, serving until the close of the War and being 
mustered out at Springfield, 111. He saw two years of active service 
under General Thomas, in the Army of the Tennessee, and was 
wounded slightly in one engagement. He returned to Chicago in 
IH&5, and for one year was engaged in the grocery business. He 
then joined the municipal police force, serving first as a patrolman 
at I welfth Street, and then at the old Union-street Station ; and 
or seven years was desk-sergeant at the Twelfth-street Station 
then did temporary roundsman duty at the Hinman-street Sta- 



CORPORATE HISTORY. 



tion, and was later sent to the Central Station as clerk of the detect- 
ive department, and from there, during the last year of the police 
superintendency of Jacob Rehm, was promoted to a lieutenancy. 
He was sent to the Madison-street Station, and had charge of the 
first platoon two years, when he was made lieutenant of the day 
squad for one year, and then transferred to the Hinman-street Sta- 
tion. In March, 1881, he went to the Twelfth-street Station, his 
present post of duty. During eighteen years' service in the police 
department, Lieutenant Blettner has won distinction as a brave and 
efficient officer. He made the arrests in the Maud Stewart murder 
case, and other notable criminal operations. He was married, on 
December 31. 1869, to Miss Margaretta Schmitt, of Chicago. They 
have six children, Edward, George, Amanda, Matilda, August, 
and Arthur. 

JOHN CROOK, lieutenant of police, who has been connected 
with "the municipal force for sixteen years, was born in Tipperary, 
Ireland, on luly 7, 1839, the son of Richard and Johanna Crook. 
When ten years of age, with his mother, and others who had been 
in America before, he emigrated, locating at Glens Falls, N.Y., for six 
months, and, later, for one winter, at Albany. For two months he 
drove a team on the Erie Canal. Afterward, he was apprenticed to 
the carpenter's trade, in Albany, but removed toClaremont, N. H., 
where he remained one year, going thence to Providence, R. I., 
where he was located eighteen months ; to Brooklyn, six months, 
where he resided with his former employer ; and finally returning to 
Albany, from whence all his relatives had gone to Ireland, except 
one brother, who had located at Blue Island, 111. In 1853, Lieu- 
tenant Crook came to Chicago. Until 1857, he worked at the 
American Car Works, corner of Fourteenth and Clark streets, when 
he followed his trade with Hall & Winch, on Clark Street. In 
1869, he joined the local police force, serving first as patrolman 
under Captain Hickey, at the old Armory. When Mayor Heath 
was re-elected, he was appointed on his staff, in 1876, serving at 
the Mayor's office, at the City Hall, for two years. In 1879, he be- 
came sergeant of the day squad, serving in this capacity for over 
three years. On November I, 1882, he was transferred to the 
Twelfth-street Station, being made acting lieutenant. In April, 
1883, he was sent to the Thirty-fifth-street Station, remaining one 
year. He then returned to the Twelfth-street Station, his present post, 
where his appointment was declared official. Lieutenant Crook's 
record has been one of rare personal and official integrity and use- 
fulness. He was married, in New York, in 1857, to Miss Mary 
McLaughlin, who died in 1885. He has three children, two mar- 
ried, Mrs. Mary J. Mollon and Mrs. Marcella Lichter ; and one 
unmarried, Josephine. 

ARCHIBALD DARROW, lieutenant at the Hinman-street Sta- 
tion, was born at Waukegan, Lake Co., 111., on February 15, 1852, 
being the son of Archibald Darrow. There he received his educa- 
tion, and at an early age applied himself to the carpenter's trade. 
When nineteen years of age he came to Chicago, anil for two years 
followed his calling for various local firms. On June 24, 1872, he 
became a member of the police force, being known from his youth- 
fulness as the " boy policeman," and at each stage of his advance- 
ment he has been the youngest of his grade. For seven years he 
was located at the West Chicago-avenue Station. In 1879, he was 
promoted to the position of patrol sergeant, serving at the West 
Lake-street Station for nine months, and at the Twelfth-street Sta- 
tion for four months. He was then made acting lieutenant, and 
assigned to duty at the West Madison-street sub-station, where he 
superintended the establishment of the patrol-box system. On 
August I, iSSi, his appointment was made official, and he was 
given charge of the Hinman-street Station, his bravery and ability 
causing the appointment, the precinct having numerous criminal 
characters. This station has the largest acting force, fifty officers, 
of any sub-station in Chicago, and was originally known as the 
Gad's Hill Station. In the Italian murder case, which occurred on 
Sunday, September 12, 1885, Lieutenant Darrow gave it his per- 
sonal supervision, and the murderer was arrested within three hours 
after the commission of the crime. He has not lost a murder case 
in his district. Lieutenant Darrow was married in Chicago, in 
1883, to Miss Sarah Rooney, of Lake County, grand-daughter of 
John Rooney, one of the oldest settlers of the Northwest, who died 
recently at the advanced age of eighty-seven years. They have one 
child, Archibald. 

MICHAEL CALI.AHAN, one of the best-known officials of the 
Police Department, has been identified with the force since 1867. 
He was born in New York City in 1838. When an infant, his 
parents removed to McHenry County, 111., and the son was edu- 
cated in that vicinity, completing his studies at Professor Ander- 
son's Academy, in New York City. Until 1854, he worked on the 
home farm, and in that year went to California, by way of the Isth- 
mus of Panama. For three years he was engaged on a farm near 
Stockton, and, until 1865, in mining, at which he made and lost 
$25,000. In 1865, he left Trinity County, returning to his home 
by way of Nicaragua, and shortly afterward came to Chicago. On 



May 12, 1867, Mr. Callahan joined the police force, being assigned 
for one year to patrol duty at the Armory. He was then at the 
West I .ake-street precinct five years ; was one year bailiff ; ana then 
resigned. Later he was re-appointed as roundsman in the West 
Twelfth-street district, but resigned two years later. After the 
lapse of a year he was made a member of Mayor Heath's staff, and 
a year later was appointed lieutenant at the Twelfth-street Station, 
where he remained three years ; was at the West Chicago-avenue 
Station a year ; and, since April, 1884, he has been desk-sergeant 
at the West Madison-street Station. In the riots of 1877, Mr. Cal- 
lahan took an active part, and was reported dead when they raged 
their fiercest. The business men of the lumber district presented 
him with a handsome watch and chain for his efficiency, honesty 
and fidelity. He was married in Chicago, in 1869, to Miss Maggie 
Fitzgerald. 

THE POLICEMEN'S BENEVOLENT ASSOCIATION OF 
CHICAGO was organized on February 18, 1868, its object 
being to create a fund for the relief of the distressed, 
injured, sick and disabled members of the force. It 
has greatly increased during the seventeen years of its 
existence, and its membership now includes nearly the 
entire municipal police force. Until 1884, the presidents 
of the organization had been John Nelson, W. \V. Ken- 
nedy, Thomas A. Moore, Edward Hood, Samuel Ellis and 
Wheeler Bartram; and its treasurers William H. Car- 
man, William Buckley, William Miller, Frank Gerbing 
and Michael Brennan. At the end of its first year, 
which was an experimental one, the Association had on 
hand $1,246.25. The showing for succeeding years 
was 

For 1870, $5,452.20 received, $3,353.50 disbursed; 1871, 
$1,406.28 received, $1,080.78 disbursed; 1872, $4,510.33 received, 
$3,892.50 disbursed; 1873, $2,355.58 received, $1,923. 50 disbursed; 
1874, $4,119.58 received, $1,234,75 disbursed; 1875, $9,438.08 re- 
ceived, $9,438.08 disbursed; 1876, $4,599.78 received, $4,122.90 
disbursed; 1877, $3,506.07 received, $1,662.00 disbursed; balance 
on hand, January I, 1879, $2,833.47; balance on hand January 18, 
1881, $3,402.99. The receipts for 1881 were $11,219.69, disburse- 
ments, $7,975.26; 1882, receipts, $11,174.18, disbursements, 
$7,145-5: 1883, receipts, $12,143.23. disbursements, $8,683.50; 
1884, receipts, $14,166.14, disbursements, $7,869.91; leaving a 
balance of $6,296.23. 

January 27, 1877, the Association was incorporated, 
with Wheeler Bartram, James S. Barber, Michael Bren- 
nan and William Buckley as charter members. The 
officers and trustees at large, elected January n, 1885, 
are 

President, Wheeler Bartram; Vice-President, Patrick Kelly; 
Secretary, Daniel Hogan; Treasurer, Michael Brennan; Trustees 
at Large, John L. Mahony, Michael L. Miller, Edwin P. Mann, 
Michael Connelly, Richard Bartlett, Florence Donahue. 

THE HOUSE OF CORRECTION. The old Bridewell, 
situated at the corner of Polk Street and Fifth Avenue, 
was for years an eye-sore to the prison-workers and 
philanthropists of the city. Its location, its structures 
and its appointments were in every respect detrimental 
to the physical and moral interests of its inmates. That 
it was wholly inadequate to the growing needs of the 
city was manifest. The Common Council, therefore, 
decided upon the erection of a House of Correction; 
and in 1869, a lot of fifty-eight acres of land, situated 
north of the South Branch of the Chicago River, in the 
east one-half of southwest one-quarter of Section 25, 
Township 39, Range 13, was purchased for the pur- 
pose from Samuel J. Walker. The price paid was 
$16,560. The erection of the new prison was at 
once proceeded with, on plans prepared by John M. 
Van Osdel, the architect for the Public Works Depart- 
ment of the city. Bonds were issued to the total 
amount of $280,275. In 1871, the buildings constituting 
the prison proper were finished, and were formally opened 
August 10, of that same year. These were the main 
building facing to the east, two hundred and eight feet 
from California Avenue, in which were the superin- 



n6 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



tenclent's private quarters, the public offices, the cell 
rooms for males anil females, the hospitals, chapel, 
kitchen, bakery, and laundry. 

The buildings are of plain and substantial design, 
with no architectural embellishments, built of white 
brick, with slate roofing. The warden's house, 50 by 
60 feet and two stories high, occupies the center of the 
east front. The two cell houses, each 50 by 221 feet, 
extend north and south, forming wings, and are at- 
tached to the rear of the warden's house. The male 
wing contains 288 cells, arranged in four tiers of 72 
cells each. The female wing contains 200 cells, ar- 
ranged in tiers of 50 cells each. The cells are con- 
structed entirely of cut-stone, with no joints or seams 
excepting at the angles. The galleries and stairways 
are of iron. Each cell is ventilated by a separate flue, 
and has an iron grated door. Each range of doors has 
a sliding bar, moved by a lever, by means of which all 
the doors of the range are simultaneously locked. 

In the north end of the female cell room, on the 
first floor, is the boiler-room, fifty feet square, in which 
are three large steam boilers, tanks, pumps, and other 
apparatus for heating the several buildings. On this 
floor, also, is a bathing room, fitted up with six iron 
bath-tubs, wash-bowls, etc. In the second story is the 
hospital for females, thirty by fifty feet, and several 
smaller rooms for special invalids. 

Immediately in the rear of the warden's house, con- 
nected by corridors, separating the cell rooms, is a build- 
ing 50 by 138 feet, two stories high. In the attic, rest- 
ing on the walls of these corridors, are four large iron 
water tanks, from which the kitchen, laundry, and bath- 
rooms on the first floor of this building are supplied. 
The chapel is also on the first floor, and on the second 
are the officers' dining-room and bedrooms, the hos- 
pital for males, and the dispensary. Three buildings 
for workshops were subsequently erected. Additions 
and improvements have been made from time to time; 
but these, although they have increased the facilities for 
the employment of the prisoners, have not augmented 
the cell room that a constantly increasing number of 
prisoners demands. 

The total cost of the buildings and premises up to 
the date of their transfer to the Board of Inspectors 
was $343,9 68 -7- The contractors, with the amounts 
received by them, were 

Kavanaugh & Merriman, cut-stone, $90,800; Carter Brothers, 
masonry, lathing and plastering, $72,979; Streator & Eddy iron 
work, $15,000; Henly & Campbell, carpenter work $20 156 96' 




miscellaneous, $54,794. 57. 

The first contingent, of one hundred and thirty pris- 
oners, was removed from the Bridewell to the House of 
Correction on August 10, 1871; and the new institution 
was managed under the old system by the City Comp- 
troller and the Bridewell Committee of the Common 
Council, until the 151(1 of September following. Under 
the act of organization, a Board of Inspectors, consist- 
ing of Hon. R. B. Mason, ex officio, chairman, Hon 
John C. Haines, Louis Wahl, and Colonel C. G. Ham- 
mond, then assumed the charge of the institution, but 
inaugurated no change in the system of management up 
to January 15, 1872; George Mansur, the old keeper of 
the Bridewell, discharging the duties of Superintendent. 

Charles E. Felton, formerly of the Erie County (N. 
Y.) Penitentiary, was then appointed superintendent. 
1 1C brought with him a nine years' experience in prison 
management, and his success is seen in the subsequent 



history of the institution. An entirely new order of 
things was instituted. One change was the introduc- 
tion of prison labor. Prior to this the prisoners had 
been a direct charge against the city during their im- 
prisonment, contributing nothing toward their own sus- 
tenance. It was obvious that, besides relieving prison 
life of much of its monotony and accustoming the pris- 
oners to habits of industry, their employment would 
materially reduce the cost of the institution to the city. 
The only difficulty which presented itself, and it was a 
formidable one, was securing employment for the class 
of prisoners committed. Manufacturers were naturally 
indisposed to contract for the labor, where the average 
of imprisonment a year was always under thirty days. 
In this quandary, the manufacture of brick was selected 
by the Board of Inspectors, and this industry gave em- 
ployment to the male prisoners during the spring and 
summer months. A brick yard was constructed and 
furnished with all the necessary appliances, and improve- 
ments have been added from year to year. The brick 
is sold wherever a market can be found, but it is largely 
used in the construction of sewers and other city work. 
The other industries which have furnished employment 
to the male and female inmates of the prison are cane- 
seating, the manufacture of horse-nets and scrims, knit- 
ting, etc. 

Besides the labor employed in these industries, men 
and women" are constantly at work repairing, renovat- 
ing and cleaning the buildings and premises. Idleness 
has not, since 1872, been permitted to any one who is 
not incapacitated through mental or physical infirmities. 
The discipline of the House of Correction, based 
largely upon moral suasion principles, is stringent. 
Prisoners are not allowed to converse with each other ; 
and, so far as possible, association at any time is not 
permitted. 

From 1873, religious services have been held regu- 
larly in the chapel, the clergy of the city alternating in 
the conduct of such services as they find convenient. 
Since January, 1883, mass has been celebrated once a 
month in the chapel, under the direction of the Rev. 
Fathers McGuire and Henepin, of St. Pius Church. 
The other services are held under the direction of the 
Young Men's Christian Association. 

The interesting matter relating to prison work and 
management is statistical. Apart from what the statis- 
tics exhibit, the sum total of prison life is about the 
same from year to year. A fresh accession of be- 
tween thirty and forty replaces the daily output of 
prisoners. During the thirteen years ending December 
31, 1884, there were 80,610 commitments to the House 
of Correction. The subjoined table distributes these 
over the several years, showing the sex and the social re- 
lations : 



Year. 


Total. 


Male. 


Female. 


Mar- 
ried. 


Single. 


Parents. 


Or- 
phans. 


1872 


6 636 


5 086 












1873 






~ n Q 




4.13" 




3,483 


1874 








,946 


,9b 






1875... 






'4^0 




3.885 




2,360 


1876 




^ RRi 


39 2 


.59 


3 013 


,547 




1877 








.97 2 


3,039 


.410 


2,548 


1878 


5 810 




,710 


.97 1 


4.159 


,068 


2,561 


1879 . 






775 


1,939 


3 8 7! 


,445 


2,483 


i83o 






,295 




3,793 


932 


2,299 


1881 


6 836 




'44' 




5,M2 


,198 


3,265 


i88a... 


7 c66 




>557 




5,213 


,224 


3,o62 


1883 


7 O?S 






1 97 I 


5,595 


.554 


3,460 


1884 






,712 




5,028 


,573 


3,490 








,469 


1.575 


5,424 


,399 


3,216 



CORPORATE HISTORY. 



117 



The average number in prison each day during the 
thirteen years was 498. The constant burden of the 
reports of the Board of Inspectors and Superinten- 
dent, since the opening of the institution, has been the 
suggestion that additional accommodations be provided. 
A new ward for the female prisoners would enable a 
classification of the male into long and short time pris- 
oners. The female ward has been more than adequate 
to the demands upon it, but in the male ward a herding 
of the prisoners has at all times unavoidably been re- 
sorted to. More than half the cells have, at times, been 
occupied by two, and sometimes more, prisoners, and on 
one night every cell was occupied by two or more pris- 
oners. One of the results of this arrangement, was the 
murder of a prisoner by his cell-mate in 1882. Mr. Pel- 
ton says in one of his reports : 

" To an expert at Sociology, the prison would seem to contain, 
under one roof, and without any facilities for classification, a med- 
ley congregation of inmates, having all of the characteristics appro- 
priate to the alms-house, hospitals, insane and idiotic asylums, 
as well as to the prison." 

The Common Council, however, has seen fit to dis- 
regard the recommendations of the Board of Inspectors 
and of the Superintendent, and the accommodations so 
urgently required are still wanting. Relief was found, 
during 1884, but scarcely to an appreciable extent, by 
the commitment of the insane to insane asylums. 

Under the new regime, the changes effected in the 
financial department of the House of Correction have 
proven to be of a most satisfactory character. Prior to 
1872, the institution earning- nothing, the cost of main- 
tenance was nearly three times greater, per capita, than 
it has been in any year since. The Superintendent re- 
ceived a nominal salary, and twenty-three cents a day 
per capita for feeding the prisoners. Since 1872, the 
Superintendent has received a fixed salary, and the 
actual cost for maintaining each prisoner per diem has 
been between eight and nine cents. It is estimated that 
the saving to the city during the thirteen years prior to 
December 31, 1884, has been about $342,000 in the 
item of diet alone. Since 1875, no appropriation has 
been asked for by the Board of Inspectors. 

The annexed table, showing receipts and expendi- 
tures by years, exhibits the net transactions under those 
headings. The "receipts from all other sources " in- 
cludes moneys received from Cook County for boarding 
prisoners. The apparently abnormal large receipts for 
1 88 1 under this heading, are accounted for by the 
adjustment, in that year, of a dispute between the city 
and county, which had prevented a settlement of ac- 
counts for a few years previously. 



The conditions of trade have a perceptible influence 
upon the commitments to prison. An examination of 
the annexed table discloses the fact that during periods 
of prosperity more prisoners are received than during 
times of depression. In his report for 1874, Mr. Felton 
remarks that 

"City prisons are best filled, if numbers are an indication, 
when money is easy, and when the lower classes do not find it nec- 
essary to work hard to make_ends meet, and when, from the ease 
with which they make money, they indulge in unreasonable excesses." 

The following table shows the numbers committed, 
with offenses; average days of imprisonment; and the 
number of deaths: 










jj 


"3 - 




e_ 


"g.S 




s 


t. u 

1> rt 

SB. 




1 


1 


Ill 


'E c 


||| 


si 


j 

rt 


> 


. 


0? 


o 
a 


6s > 
.HO 


U* 


III 

C^ CL, fu 


e| 

SB, 

<S 


& 


1872 


3,6/9 




1,926 


916 


"5 


805 


22 1-5 


II 


1873 


4,206 





736 


1,000 


140 


967 


31 1-2 


3 


1874 


3,159 





558 


1,609 


'45 


537 


26 7-10 


6 


1875 


2,239 


103 


620 


1,482 


139 


346 


27 i-io 


i 


1876 


2,974 


563 


427 


1,482 




186 


25 1-2 


6 


1877 


2,909 


1,186 


654 


1,235 


137 


"7 


29 


5 


1878 


2,724 


73 


599 


2,316 


98 


IOO 


234-5 


5 


1879 


2,347 





596 


2,142 


108 


236 


26 7-10 


5 


1880 


3,o66 


2 


1,014 


2,534 


138 


642 


29 3-10 


12 


iSSi 


4.085 


I 


852 


1,719 


1 80 


863 


29.76 


15 


1882 


4,787 


4 


1,171 


1,064 


1 86 


1,072 


27 


12 


1883 


5.305 


i 


527 


854 


118 


915 


31 


14 


1884 


5,629 


4 


i 


902 


116 


1,039 


32 i-5 


14 



It will be observed that the number released on pay- 
ment of amounts due on executions diminished greatly 
in 1876. Prior to that date, the time served by prison- 
ers was credited on executions at the rate of fifty cents 
a day. Under an ordinance of the city, that rate was 
then changed to two dollars. There are very few of the 
class committed to a city prison who will not consider 
that two dollars a day and board is as well earned in 
prison as elsewhere; and in consequence prisoners pre- 
ferred to serve their time out rather than pay the fines. 
In 1880, the ordinance was repealed, the old rate be- 
ing restored, with the results exhibited in the table. 

The death rate has been kept well within bounds. 
Nearly all deaths recorded resulted from illness con- 
tracted outside of the prison, and many of the subjects 
died a few days after entering. The diseases recorded 
as most prevalent are, in the summer, dysentery and 
diarrhoea; and in the winter intermittent and remittent 
fevers and rheumatism. General debility and delirium 



Year. 


Receipts from 
industries and 
labor. 


Collected on 
executions. 


Receipts from all 
other sources. 


Total receipts 
and earnings. 


Expenditures, 
including 
construction. 


Expendituies 
for building 
improvements. 


Yearly expenditure 
per capita for main- 
taining prisoners. 


1872 


$16 671 70 


$6 522 oo 


$e QOJ. 8^ 


$2O Oo8 ^ 


$56 561 80 


$1 1 oSl 8 1 




1873 


18,291 79 


6,076 oo 


IO T7O 8^ 


44 310 57 


O4 7IO ^4 






1874 


16,157 3 


3 466 oo 


6 S6o 80 


26 484 10 


60 830 48 






1875 


27 7OO ^T 






^S 4^8 8-* 








1876 . 


29,189 2O 


i 025 oo 




46 18^ 6^ 


ci 471 -27 






1877 


n 42^ HQ 


7IO HO 












1878 


o i 17 86 








44 286 98 






1879 


1 5 004 1 4 


I 460 70 


TC 784 O^ 


72 2=;i 20 






8 I T7 


i860 


40,701 23 


3,207 95 


I 981 80 


4=i SQO 08 


H6 ^80 28 




76 86 


1881 


65,907 38 


5 *39 5 


34 618 56 


IO^ 66^ 44 


78 800 01 






1882 


t;6 w6 87 


7 020 15 


8 4.10 8? 


71 806 89 








1883 


46,392 50 


6,486 oo 


1-3 004 84 


65 883 34 








1884 


42 964 04 


7 ^66 70 


10 261 32 


60 792 06 


60 684 78 























n8 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



tremens are also frequent causes of death. An epi- 
demic has never entered the prison. During 1881, when 
small-pox was raging in the city, a few cases occurred; 
but their immediate removal to the small-pox hospital 
prevented the spread of that disease. 

The education and prison record of recommitments 
of prisoners is seen in the accompanying table: 



Year. 


read 
and write. 


Can *t-ail 
only. 


Can not read 
or write. 


Firt 
commitment. 


In prison 
before. 


1872 ... 


5,078 


293 


1,265 


3,768 


2,868 


1873 --- 


4,724 


297 


913 


3,064 


2,870 


1*74 --- 


4,5'J5 


282 


684 


2.293 


3.178 


1875 --- 


3,965 


175 


463 


1, 802 


2,801 


1876 ... 


4,745 


1 86 


680 


2,234 


3,377 


1877 ... 


5,278 


2IO 


642 


2,705 


3,425 


1878 ... 


5.017 


188 


605 


2,065 


3,745 


1879... 


4,3io 


141 


750 


1.939 


3,262 


1880 ... 


5,747 


1 66 


8 4 2 


3,170 


3,585 


188! ... 


5,837 


182 


817 


3,533 


3,303 


1882 ... 


6,558 


158 


850 


3,643 


3,923 


1883 ... 


6,314 


. IOO 


644 


3,410 


3,648 


1884 ... 


6,156 


139 


7<>4 


3,729 


3,270 



The proportion of those who have received at least 
the elements of education is very high, and this record 
would seem to be a practical rebuttal of the argument 
that education is a preventive of crime.- Upon this 
fact Mr. Felton, in his report for 1875, has the following: 

" In this prison the percentage of those who can read and write 
is very large, and our worst inmates are those of minor age and 
who are reasonably well educated, but whose parents are unedu- 
cated, and who live in sections of the city where ignorance and 
vice are supposed to predominate." 

The table following, showing the nativity of pris- 
oners, is of special interest : 



Year. 


Total 
prisoners 
received. 


U.S. 
citizens. 


Irish. 


English, 


Scotch. 


Colored. 


Other 
nation- 
alities. 


1872 


6,636 


2,615 


2,33 


383 


168 


219 


1,142 


1873 


5,934 


2,631 


1,862 


304 


135 


276 


I.OO2 


1874 


5,471 


2,727 


1,485 


211 


96 


28l 


952 


1875 


4,603 


2,263 


1,297 


2O5 


68 


222 


77O 


1876 


5.611 


2,874 


1,448 


267 


93 


335 


1,329 


1877 


6,130 


3,338 


1,431 


304 


97 


382 


' 960 


1878 


5,810 


3,239 


1,410 


226 


1 02 


376 


833 


1879 


5,201 


2,870 


1,303 


224 


103 


222 


701 


1880 


6,755 


3,428 


1,653 


343 


182 


216 


1,049 


1881 


6,686 


3,524 


1,590 


334 


152 


268 


1, 086 


1882 
1883 
1884 


7,566 
7,058 
6,999 


3,795 
3,521 
3,938 


1,646 
1,617 
1,250 


393 
346 
320 


222 

163 
145 


345 
369 
460 


1,510 
2,411 
1,346 



The tabulated statement showing the ages of the 
prisoners discloses the fact, frequently alluded to in the 
reports, that the prison is well supplied with delinquents 
of tender age, ranging from 7 to 15 years. In the 
majority of instances they are committed on complaint 
of their parents, whose moral stamina, or rather leth- 
argy, does not suggest the exercise of parental authority 
as the proper remedy. They belong properly to indus- 
trial schools or reformatories, but the justices betore 
whom they are brought are not clothed with authority 
to send them there. The criminal instinct seems to 
reach its highest development between the ages of 
21 and 30 years. Pauperism and intoxication are the 
offenses, in most instances, of those over 60 years of 
age. Frequently trivial breaches of the peace are 
charged against these old people in the informations, in 
order to secure committal to the House of Correction 
to be treated for disease. 



year. 


I'mltT IT 


15 to 21. 


22 to 30 


31 to 40. 


41 to 60. 


61 
to 90. 


1872 


199 


1,180 


2.075 


,791 


1,260 


131 


187"* 


270 


!,343 


,859 


.478 


1,908 


76 


1874 


218 


i,595 


,605 


,2J6 


750 


7 


1875 


173 


1,334 


,370 


998 


687 


4 1 


1876 


25* 


1.480 


,813 


,167 


815 


78 


1877 


349 


1,679 


,978 


,251 


787 


86 


1878 


241 


1,576 


,955 


,189 


775 


74 


1870 . 


196 


1,264 


1,795 


,188 


797 


61 


1880 


237 


1,217 


2,252 


,721 


1,219 


109 


1881 


221 


i,397 


2,310 


,693 


1,125 


9 


1882 


263 


1,160 


2,527 


i,938 


1,297 


99 


1883 
1884 


215 
256 


1,362 
1,694 


2,152 
2,213 


i,973 
1,634 


i,372 
1,074 


84 
118 

















The following statement shows the occupations of 
prisoners: 



Year. 


Profes- 
sions, 
clerks, 

merchants 
etc. 


fill 

s E 

< u 


Day 

laborers 


Do- 
mestics 


Cypri- 
ans. 


No 
occu- 
1 ation. 


Allotted 
occu- 
pations. 


1872 . .. 


229 


2,359 


1,059 


199 




2,475 


QIC 


1873 


228 


757 


906 


592 




842 


I 211 


1874 


249 


2,005 


717 


1,017 


129 


364 




1875 


182 


1,741 


532 


933 


161 


276 


778 


iS-'b 


1 66 


2,114 


602 


1, 206 


252 


C 1 I 




1877 


155 


2,068 


544 


909 


271 


807 


1 286 


1878 


136 


2,005 


477 


,059 


307 


I OIO 


816 


1879 
1880 


' 123 
153 


1,133 
2,416 


737 
1,117 


,025 
964 


245 
2 70 


1,105 

7IQ 


733 


1881 


224 


2,564 


1,226 


, J 57 


408 




682 


1882 


1 14 


2,621 


1,460 


.364 


35Q 


376 




1883 . 


236 


2,460 


1,360 


2 Of) 


4<;8 




I O88 


1884 


2^7 


2 1 66 


i 526 






2o8 





















The Board of Inspectors consists of the mayor, who 
is ex officio chairman, and three inspectors appointed by 
the mayor and confirmed by the City Council. The in- 
spectors, in 1872, were Mayor Joseph Medill, Hon. 
John C. Haines, Colonel C. G. Hammond and Louis 
Wahl. In 1874, Mayor H. D. Colvin became chair- 
man ; in 1876, Mayor Monroe Heath; and, in 1879, 
Mayor Carter H. Harrison. In 1878, Mr. Haines was 
replaced on the Board by Hon. Luther Laflin Mills. 
In 1884, Colonel Hammond died, and, in 1885, Mr. 
Mills removed from the city. They were replaced by 
E. W. Blatchford and E. S. Albro. 

The medical attendant, who is the city physician, 
was, in 1872, John Guerin, M.D., and from that date 
till 1880, W. P. Dunne, M.D., who in turn was replaced 
by French Moore, M.D., who still occupies the position. 

CHARLES EMORY FELTON, superintendent of the House of 
Correction, who has held that position since 1871, has brought his 
charge to the very front rank of reformatory institutions in the 
United States. The high estimation in which his opinion on all 
matters of prison reform is held, is evident from the fact that at a 
National Conference of Wardens, held at Chicago in December, 
1884, Mr. Felton was chosen chairman. He is, in fact, remarkably 
well posted in all departments of the city government, showing an 
unusual business ability and a decidedly executive mind. Mr. Fel- 
ton was born at Barre, Worcester Co., Mass., on September 18, 
1831, his ancestors being of that hardy English and Scotch stock 
which has formed so strong an element in the population and civili- 
zation of the country. He is a lineal descendant of Nathaniel Fel- 
ton, who settled in Salem, Mass., in 1631, from which date Mr. 
I-elton has a complete chronological record of the family tree and 
branches On his mother's side, also (whose maiden name was 
Johnson), his ancestors have been residents of Massachusetts for 
more than two hundred years. Mr. Felton 's early education was 
obtained at the public schools of Barre, and at Allen's High School, 
in Oakham, Mass. At fourteen years of age he obtained employ- 
ment in the Barre Patriot printing office, which position he left a 
year later ; and, after spending a short time as clerk in a book-store 
it Worcester, he returned to Barre and completed his apprenticeship 
as a printer, in the Gazette office. In the winter of 1849 he re- 
moved to Cincinnati, to become foreman of the Chronicle and Atlas. 



CORPORATE HISTORY. 



119 



He next settled at Indianapolis, Ind., afterward at Columbus, Ohio, 
and Buffalo, N. V. ; at all these places tilling positions of trust as a 
proficient craftsman. He served as secretary of the Buffalo Typo- 
graphical Union for one year, as vice-president for one year, and 
as president for one year. He showed his aptitude for public life, 
by acceptably filling an aldermanic chair in the Buffalo Common 
Council in the years 1861-62. Mr. Felton during that time, served on 
the Federal Defense Committee of that city, devoting much of his 
time to the aid of the Government gratuitously, his particular pro- 
vince being the care of the wives and families of soldiers who were 
at the front. His health failing soon afterward, he became super- 
intendent of the Erie County Penitentiary, Buffalo, holding that 
office for nine years. This brings his busy and useful life up to 
1871, when he came to Chicago as superintendent of the House of 
Correction, being installed in office on January 14, 1872. Since re- 
siding in this city he has made hosts of friends, has proved himself a 
most efficient officer, and is very popular with the people. Although 
a democrat, his political convictions have never affected his ad- 
ministration, which has been rigidly non-partisan ; and while he has 
had charge of more than 120,000 prisoners, few have left him but 
with the kindliest of feelings. In religion, Mr. Felton is an Epis- 
copalian, but most liberal in his views. He is a Mason in high 
standing, a member of the Prisoner's Aid and Social Science socie- 
ties, and many other organizations of like character. He is also a 
patron of all field sports, and is said to be one of the best shots at 
the trap and in the field in this State. He has twice been honored 
with the position of president of the State Sportsmen's Association 
for the Preservation of Game. Mr. Felton was married at Buffalo, in 
1853, to Miss Ellen Jane Gale, daughter of Anthony Gale. She 
died on June 13, 1872, at Chicago, leaving one son, George G., now 
clerk of the House of Correction; and two daughters, Ellen Jane 
and Mary Louisa, also living. In 1874 he married his present wife, 
Mrs. Ellen M. (Brintnall) Compton, at Buffalo, N. Y. 

DETECTIVES. -As an efficient supplement to the po- 
lice system, the private detective agencies of Chicago 
have a wide and deservedly high reputation. Brief syn- 
opses of some of the most prominent are subjoined. 

PINKERTON' & Co.'s United States Detective Agency was es- 
tablished in July, 1883, by Matt. W. Pinkerton, under the firm 
name of Pinkerton & Coe, but Mr. Coe retiring from the firm 
on April 15, 1884, the present title was adopted. The principal is 
still Matt. W. Pinkerton, and the company embraces \V. H., R. K. 
anil A. E. Pinkerton. Matt. \V. Pinkerton was born on March 30, 
1852, the son of Matthew W. and Elizabeth (Herald) Pinkerton. 
He attended the common schools of Wooster, Ohio, graduating from 
the high school in that city at the age of twenty. Soon after leaving 
school he apprenticed himself as a machinist, and was made superin- 
tendent of the old Wooster foundry and machine shops. For three 
years he was employed in this capacity, when, for three years follow- 
ing, he superintended the Kilbuck Valley straw-board mills. This vo- 
cation not being in harmony with his desires, he purchased, for the 
purpose of speculation, a fruit farm near South Haven, Mich., and 
after owning this property for one year, sold it and came to Chi- 
cago, in September, 1877. Soon after arriving in this city he was 
employed by Allan Pinkerton. In December, 1882, he resigned, 
to establish a business for himself. While with Allan Pinkerton, 
he was the author of several brilliant captures, and evinced 
such a remarkable tact for detective work, that the most dif- 
ficult operations of that agency were placed in his hands, and 
successfully conducted. Since his establishment in business he 
has handled a number of important cases, the Zora Burns 
murder, the Crooks murder, at Shelby, 111., the Mahone mur- 
der, at Mt. Carmel 111., and his successful capture of Albert 
Sykes, who, after stealing several hundred dollars in Chicago, 
lied to Portsmouth, Va., where he shot his father a few min- 
utes after their meeting. He was brought back on a requisition, 
tried in Chicago, convicted, and sent to Joliet for three years for 
larceny ; he having been acquitted of the charge of attempted par- 
ricide through public sympathy his father himself being a desper- 
ate character. Although no relation to Allan Pinkerton, whose 
reputation while living was world-wide, Matt. W. Pinkerton seems 
inherently to possess those attributes which are necessary to a suc- 
cessful detective. He is upright in all his transactions, and is 
thoroughly acquainted with the means and ends employed by un- 
principled men. Such gifts are rare, but he has proved, during a 
short career, that in choosing the profession of a detective he has 
comprehended his own abilities and found the sphere wherein he is 
thoroughly efficient. Possessing the name of Pinkerton, he em- 
bodies all the import of a name which is a cause of terror to evil- 
doers everywhere. He was married, on May 22, 1873, to Miss 
Emma Black, of Wooster, Ohio. They have one son, Worth H. 

GKORC.K A. HAKTMAN was born at Canton, Stark Co., Ohio, 
on April 30, 1837, the son of Joseph and Mary (Patterson) Mart- 



man. His father was a prominent dry goods merchant, and, in 
1854, was treasurer of Stark County. Mr. llartman attended the 
the primary schools of his native county, and afterward Carbut's 
College, near Baltimore, Md. At the age of fifteen he was em- 
ployed by his brother-in-law, Peter Shimp, who was then in New 
York, and who afterward became identified with Chicago politics. 
He came to Chicago with Mr. Shimp in 1855, ami was engaged 
by him for two years, when he was appointed on the city detective 
force under Chief of Police Bradley. At the breaking out of the 
Civil War, Chief Bradley received a request from Colonel Baker, of 
the United States Secret Service, for assistance, and detailed Mr. 
llartman with two others to report to Colonel Baker at Washington. 
He was immediately assigned to duty in the United States Secret 
Service, drawing the pay of a captain, without, however, receiving 
a commission. He was sent to the front as a scout, and three times 
crossed the enemy's lines into Richmond. He at last became sus- 
picious that he was known as a spy from the Northern army, and 
fearing to return within the Union lines, escaped to Atlanta, Ga. , 
where he was arrested, charged with being a Yankee spy, and thrust 
into jail. The next day he was tried by a drum-head court-martial, 
and sentenced to be shot forthwith. lie was led out of court, his 
hands pinioned behind him, and placed before a file of soldiers 
drawn up twelve paces distant. At this critical moment General 
Bragg rode up, and said, " Shooting is a soldier's death; hang that 
Yankee spy." Under these orders he was taken back to jail and 
put in a cell with Lieutenant Pomeroy, also a prisoner of war. 
That evening, when the jailer made his usual visit, llartman seized 
the leg of a stool, struck him down, liberated twenty prisoners, and 
made his escape. Walking for sixteen days, he reached the Union 
lines, and sought protection from General Butler, then commanding 
at New Orleans. General Butler secured him passage on the steam 
transport " Ticonderoga " to New York, and from there General 
Dix sent him to Washington. Arriving in that city, he reported for 
duty to Hon. Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War, and received 
orders to report at Indianapolis, to General Willcox, commander of 
the District of Indiana and Michigan in the Department of the 
Ohio. He was assigned to duty on General Willcox's staff, with the 
rank of major. At the time of Morgan's raid he was sent out with 
others in the pursuit, following to Columbia County, Ohio, where 
he and his command learned of Morgan's capture by the State militia. 
Returning to Indianapolis, Major Hartman remained there until 
1863, when General Willcox was ordered to the front in command 
of the Ninth Army Corps, and, as his staff officer, Mr. Hartman 
accompanied him. Soon after, under General Weitzel, he was given 
the command of a colored regiment. After General Lee's surrender, 
General Weitzel's division was ordered into Richmond, remaining 
in possession three weeks. Colonel Hartman was mustered out at 
Georgetown, and returned to Chicago in 1865. He was employed 
by his brother-in-law, Mr. Shimp, who was then an alderman of 
this city and was doing a real estate business. In the latter part of 
the year 1865, Mr. Hartman was elected a constable of the Second 
Ward, and held that position for six years, when he was appointed 
deputy under Sheriff Fisher, resigning soon after. Subsequently 
he was elected county constable for four years, and by re-election 
has held that position until the present time. In 1874, in connec- 
tion with his other business, he opened a private detective office, 
and was employed in running down the notorious Colonel Gessener, 
who perpetrated forgeries to the amount of $103,000 on the Equit- 
able Life Assurance Society of New York. He captured Abraham 
Suydam, forger and perjurer, in New York, and brought him to 
Chicago, and also a woman purporting to be his wife, named Kittie 
Suydam, alias Kittie James. This business he still pursues, and 
with success commensurate with his augmented experience. On 
February 8, 1884, he captured the famous bandit Dan Wallace, 
alias " Texas Dan," and received $1,000 reward from the sheriff of 
Kendall County, Texas. Mr. Hartman was married, in 1866, to 
Miss Minnie A. Price, of Troy, N. Y. They have four children, 
Ida M., George W., Amy B., and Frederick J. He is a member 
of Oriental Lodge, No. 38, A. F. & A.M.; Corinthian Chapter, No. 
69, R.A.M.; and Apollo Commandery, No. I, K.T. Mr. Hart- 
man is also Past Chief Ranger of Foresters in Court Abraham Lin- 
coln, and Past Grand of Home Lodge, No. 416, I.O.O.F. 

HAMBLEN'S PREVI.NTIVK AND DETECTIVK" AGENCY was estab- 
lished in 1864, to meet the wants of the West Side merchants, at 
No. 31 Milwaukee Avenue, afterward removing to its present loca- 
tion. The business of the agency has always been of a local nature, 
nor does it seek a foreign patronage. Lewis A. Hamblen, the 
principal, was born in Auburn, N. Y., on December 8, 1823, the son 
of Walter and Biantha (Allen) Ilamblen. His father, who for 
many years was associated with the government of the Auburn Peni- 
tentiary, died in 1835. His mother was a direct descendant of 
General Ethan Allen. On the death of his father, Mr. Hamblen, 
who had received a primary education, was obliged to leave school, 
and began his career by apprenticing himself as a journeyman tailor, 
but disliking this work he went to Rochester, N. Y"., where he obtain- 



12O 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



eil employment with the surveying force on the cast division of the 
Rochester & Auburn Railway, and assisted in driving the piles for 
building a railroad bridge across Cayuga Lake. Subsequently, he 
worked in the shops of the same company as a locomotive engineer. 
Afterward, he took a locomotive out on the road, and later was em- 
ploM-d by the Hudson River Railroad as a locomotive engineer, 
until 1852, when he came to Chicago, in company with Oliver H. 
He was employed by the Chicago iV Mississippi Railway 
Company, now the Chicago ,v Alton, When that road went into 
other hands, he engaged with the Illinois Central Railway, lie 
left that company alter one \ear, to accept the superintendency of a 
branch house at Chicago of the Snook & Hill locomotive lamp man- 
ufactory of Rochester. V V. The following year, when the com- 
pany decided to close their branch houses, Mr. llamblen purchased 
their interest in this city. lie built up a large and remunerative 
trade, and made his factory the tirst in that line in the West, until, 
in iSot, at the breaking out of the \Var, the depression of trade, and 
large losses in the South, forced him to anassignment. Subsequently, 
he was employed by I. McGregor Adams to lit up a lamp fac- 
tory for Jessup, Kennedy <N: Co., a .New York tirm, and was engaged 
by them for two years, when he conceived the idea of organizing a 
preventive watch, and founded the present agency. lie was mar- 
ried to Miss I 'atherine Cone, who died in 1865, leaving two daugh- 
ters, Flora and Cora K. In iSod, he married Mrs. Charlotte 
Kemly, widow .>f Captain Bently, who was killed at the battle of 
I'erryville. He is a member of National Lodge, No. 596, 
VI-. ,\ A.M. ; \VashingionChapter, No. 43, R.A.M. ; and Chicago 
Comniandcry, No. ic), K.T. lie organi/ed National Lodge. No. 
596, by dispensation from the M.\V.(i.M., Jerome K. Gorin, of I >e- 
catur. III., and was \V..\I. of that lodge for the four years first 
following its organization. Mr. Hamblen was made a Mason in 
Garden City Lodge, No. 141, by Eben C. Hnrd. 

i: KCIKIII.KK was born near Mannheim, Germany, on June 

16, 1853, the son of Peter and Annie M. (Does) Koehler. Heat- 
tended the common schools of his native country, until, in 1866, he 
--ailed for America, arriving in Chicago in June of the same year. 
For nearly three years he worked in this city as a cigarmaker. and 
tor MX years thereafter conducted a milk route. On February 23, 

lie received an appointment as a police officer under Chief 
Rehm, and three years later was promoted to the position of a 
detective, earning his advancement as a reward for efficient service 
in capturing three well known and dangerous criminals, on October 

17. i-ys, while they were in the act of committing a burglary. He 
held the position of a detective on the city force until July, 1883, 
when he resigned, having in April of the same year been elected 
county constable, and has held that position until the present time. 
Since leaving the employ of the city he has opened a detective 
agency. His bravery on occasions of danger has won for him 
recognition as a fearless and efficient officer of the law. While 
doing duty for the city, he successfully broke up a gang of burglars 
who preyed upon the wholesale merchants, and which was com- 
posed of George Eager, Oscar Burws, and many more as dangerous 
men. He not only rid the city of these desperadoes, but recovered 
$10,000 worth of silks and sealskins found in their possession He 
also arrested Dalton, who had stolen $8,500 in Milwaukee, and re- 
turned him to that city. He arrested Paddy Welch on the street, 
when he was wanted in St. Louis; and brought from New Orleans 
Henry Kilmer, the defaulting president of the Cigarmakers' Union, 
No. 14. His thrilling experience with burglars, when Bert Taylor 
met his death, is well known in police records. Mr. Koehler was 
married on August 14, 1873, to Miss Mary Schafer of Chicago. 
They have three children, George, Jacob A. and Clifford P. 



FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

The value of property belonging to the Fire Depart- 
ment, in use in 1871-72, was $639,050. By the great 
fire, a loss of $146,076.09 was entailed, which included 
eight engines, one elevator, three hose carts, and three 
hook-and-ladder trucks, buildings, apparatus and sup- 
plies. The relief fund, contributed mainly by fire de- 
partments of other cities, amounted to about $i 1,000. 
The effective force after the fire comprised two hundred 
and one men, sixteen fire engines, with attendant hose 
carts, and four hook-and-ladder trucks. 

The register of the Department since 1871, is as 
follows : 

1871-72 R. A. Williams, fire marshal ; Mathias Benner, 
first assistant ; Charles S. Petrie, second assistant ; E. B. Chandler, 
superintendent of fire-alarm telegraph. 1872-73 R. A. Williams, 
marshal; Mathias Benner, first assistant; C. S. Petrie, second as- 
sistant; Wiiliam Musham, third assistant. '873 Mathias Benner, 
marshal ; I). J. Swenie, first assistant; C. S. Petrie, second assistant; 
William Musham, third assistant. This nfrimev/as maintained until 
July 16, 1879. /<y/9 D. J. Swenie, marshal ; C. S. Petrie, second 
assistant ; William Musham, third assistant. 1880 D. J. Swenie, 
marshal; William Musham, C. S. Petrie, assistants. 1881-84 D. 
(. Swenie, marshal; William Musham, assistant; C. S. Petrie, as- 
sistant and secretary. 1884 1). J. Swenie, marshal; William 
Musham, C. S. Petrie, assistants; Maurice W. Shay, fire inspector. 
From 1876 to 1885 John P. Barrett was superintendent of the fire- 
alarm telegraph. 

The following statement shows the expense of the 
Department since 1870, in comparison with the number 
of companies and apparatus maintained during each 
year : 

Year. No. of Companies. Total. 

1870 26 $366,70066 

1871 (6 months) 28 182,023 r 5 



1872. 

1873- 
1874... 

1875--- 
1876... 

1877--- 
1878.-- 
1879... 
1880... 
1881... 
1882... 
1883... 
1884... 



35 423,057 34 

41 586,618 96 

43 624,79522 

43 411,245 12 

41 478,340 22 

42 507,001 12 

42 389,692 36 

41 --- 420,308 82 

43 454,304 18 

45 568,760 87 

45 --- 545,021 03 

45 -- 556,551 80 

47 -- 657,957 46 



The following statement shows the number of con- 
flagrations and the monetary loss incurred thereby since 
1871, exclusive of the fire of October 8-9 of that year : 





No. of Fires. 


No. of 
False Ahcrms. 


Total amount 
of Loss. 


Total amount 
of Insurance. 


Average Loss 
for each Fire. 


Population. 


Population to 
each Fire. 


Loss per capita 
of Population. 


1870-71 

1871-72--.. 
1872-73---- 
1873-74-- 
1874-75 
1875 


669 
489 

441 
466 

473 
332 
477 
445 
478 
638 
804 
895 
981 

1,153 

1,278 


35 
44 
44 
68 

83 
67 
123 
132 
88 
'35 
154 
89 
107 

74 
104 


$ 2,447,845 
972,800 
680,099 
1,013,246 
2,345,684 
127,014 

387,951 
1,044,997 
306,317 
572,082 
I,I35,8l6 

921,495 

569,885 

1,379,736 
968,229 


$ 2,183,498 
745,000 

3,763.275 
3,641,735 
6,789,300 
2,328,150 
3,780,060 
6,173,575 
3,327.348 
5,112,631 
5,409,480 
9,662,326 
12,587,090 
21,790,767 
12,048,683 


$3,658 
1,989 
1,542 . 
2,174 
4,959 
383 
8x1 
2,340 
641 
896 
1,411 
1,029 
581 
1,196 
756 


330,000 
35O,OOO 
367,396 
395,408 
395,408 
395,408 
407,661 
407,661 
436,731 
436,731 
491,516 
491,516 
560,693 . 
606,000 
629,985 


493 
716 

831 
848 
836 
1,191 

855 
918 
914 
669 
611 

549 

572 
525 
493 


$7 75 
2 77 

i 58 

2 56 

5 93 
32 
95 
2 56 

7i 
i 3i 

2 31 

I 8 7 
1 O2 
2 27 

i 53 


1876 


1877 


1878 


1879 


1880 


1881 


1882 


1883.. 


1884. 





CORPORATE HISTORY. 



121 



The record of fires since 1871 shows several disas- 
trous conflagrations. The most important of these 
were 

Singer Building, Washington and State streets, August 2, 1873, 
loss $45,000 ; planing mill of L. Bridges, Carroll and Sangamon 
streets, September 4, 1873, loss $29,000; grain elevator of J. H. 
Wheeler & Co. , Carroll and Canal streets, September 7, 1873, loss 
$83,000; retail store of Field, Leiter & Co. , Washington and State 
streets, November 14, 1877, loss $725,000 ; planing mill of Palmer 
& Fuller, Twenty-second and Union streets, May 10, 1879, loss 
$73,125 ; bonded warehouse of Wallace Kingman & Co., No. 198 
Market Street, February 14, iSSo, loss $210,000; drug house of 
Lord, Stoutenburgh & Co. , No. 72 \Vabash Avenue, November 20, 
1880, loss $150,000; agricultural warehouse of Osborne & Co., 
Sixteenth and Morgan streets, December 10, 1881, loss $162,000 ; 
paint factory of Raynolds it Co., No. 19 Lake Street, February 2, 
1882, loss $72, 760; lithographing establishment of Shober & Car- 
queville, No. 119 Monroe Street, December 30, 1883, loss $287, 525 ; 
seed warehouse of Hiram Sibley & Co., North Water Street, May 
25, 1884, loss $130,628. 

On July 14, 1874, at 4:29 P. M., a fire of supposed incendiary 
origin was started in the two-story frame building, No. 449 South 
Clark Streets, owned by Le Grand Odell, and occupied as a saloon 
by E. T. Cregier. The locality was crowded with frame structures, 
and the fire obtained a headway that soon called every available fire 
vehicle in the city to the scene. The flames took a course similar 
to that of the great fire of 1871, and by midnight had swept north 
and east over Clark Street, Fourth Avenue, Third Avenue, State 
Street, Wabash Avenue, Eldredge Court, Peck Court, Hubbard 
Court, Taylor Street, Polk Street, Van Buren Street, Michigan 
Avenue, Congress Street and Harrison Street. The number of 
buildings consumed was eight hundred and twelve, classified as fol- 
lows : One-story frame, 126; two-story frame, 471; three-story 
frame, 21 ; four-story frame, I. Total number of frame building's 
burned, 619. One-story brick, 14 ; two-story brick, 99 ; three-story 
brick, 41 ; four-story brick, 31 ; five-story brick, 5. Total number 
of brick buildings burned, 190. Two-story stone buildings burned, 
3. Of the structures consumed, 89 were barns, and there were 8 
churches, I school-house, 4 hotels, I theater, I post-office and 708 
stores and dwellings. The whole covered an area of forty-seven 
acres, with a total loss of $1,067,260, and an insurance of $1,860,000. 
The ensuing day, at nearly the same hour in the afternoon, a fire, 
the result of carelessness, destroyed twenty-five buildings near Mil- 
waukee Avenue and Sangamon Street, with a loss of $75, 750 and 
insurance of $40,700. 

At the close of 1884 the uniformed force of the De- 
partment was as follows: 

One fire marshal and chief of brigade ; one first assistant fire 
marshal and department inspector ; one assistant fire marshal and 
deputy secretary ; seven chiefs of battalion ; forty-four captains ; 
forty-seven lieutenants ; thirty-four engineers ; thirty-four assistant 
engineers ; one hundred and thirty-two pipemen and truckmen, first 
grade; thirty-five pipemen and truckmen, second, grade; eighty-nine 
drivers ; five watchmen ; total uniformed force, four hundred and 
thirty ; two clerks, one superintendent of horses ; one superinten- 
dent of fire-alarm telegraph ; one chief operator ; four operators ; 
one inspector electric lights ; five repairers ; two linemen ; one bat- 
teryman ; one lieutenant detailed at repair shops ; two truckmen de- 
tailed at repair shops ; total force, four hundred and fifty-one. 

The apparatus of the Department was classified as 
follows: 

Engine companies, thirty-four ; hook and ladder companies 
(one operating a two-tank, two-horse, four-wheel chemical engine ; 
three operating a one-horse, one-tank, two-wheel chemical engine ; 
and one company operating an improved stand-pipe and water 
tower), ten; chemical engine companies, two; total, forty-six. There 
were in use one hundred and ninety-eight horses and 41,847 feet of 
hose. 

The number of fire-alarms responded to in 1884, 
1,662; the apparatus traveled 14,899 miles; worked 
1,984 hours; 346 fires being discovered from watch- 
towers by members of the Department. 

The value of property belonging to the Department 
in 1884 was $1,165,057.43. There were 520 alarm sta- 
tions, and 1,286 police and private alarm boxes; 358 
miles of aerial fire-alarm wires; while the underground 
wire system comprised 7,931 feet of conduit, 4,872 feet 
of iron pipe, 576 feet of cable, and 36 1-2 miles of 
single wire. 

The organization of the Department, with head- 



quarters at City Hall, on December 31, 1884, was a 
follows : 

D. J. Swenie, fire marshal and chief of brigade; William 
Musham, first assistant fire marshal and department inspector; 
Charles S. Petrie, assistant fire marshal and department secretary; 
Maurice W. Shay, chief first battalion, detailed fire inspector; John 
II. Greene, chief of second battalion; Michael W. Conway, chief 
of third battalion; Joel A. Kinney, chief of fourth battalion; John 
Campion, chief of fifth battalion; Peter Schnur, chief of sixth bat- 
talion; Leo Meyers, chief of seventh battalion; Joseph C. Pazen, 
captain commanding first battalion; Fred. N. Shippy and Patrick 
H. O'Toole, clerks; Eugene Sullivan, superintendent of horses; 
Thomas Monaghan, driver for fire marshal; Richard Stringer, 
Alfred Phillips, John Cavanaugh, William L. Heartt and Norman 
T. Ormsby, drivers of fuel and supply wagons. 

The fire alarm telegraph was under the control of 
John P. Barrett, superintendent; David M. Hyland, 
chief operator; John Fitzpatrick, William Carrol, Henry 
Lester, Jacob F. Mehren, operators; Clark C. Haskins, 
inspector of electric lights. 

Following are sketches of some of the prominent 
members of the department: 

EDWARD W. MURPHY, Assistant Marshal of the Fire De- 
partment, and commander of the Fifth Battalion, was born on the 
site of the Haven School, on October 22, 1854. He joined the 
Department in October, 1074, as pipeman on Engine No. 6. 
whence he was transferred, two years later, to Hook and Ladder 
Company No. 4, and promoted to a lieutenancy of the same com- 
pany in December, 1876. In November, 1877, he was transferred 
to Engine No. 10, thence to No. 13, later to Engine No. I, and, 
on July 20, 1880, to No. 17, where he was promoted to a captaincy. 
On September 5, 1885, he was appointed assistant fire marshal, and 
assigned to his present post in charge of the Fifth Battalion, with 
headquarters at the house of Chemical No. I. Marshal Murphy 
was at the Reedy elevator fire when lieutenant of No. 10, and went 
down four stories, from the top floor to the basement, in the col- 
lapse of the building. In 1880, when captain of No. 17, he, with 
four of his company, fell with the roof of the Academy of Music to 
the parquette floor; and in January, 1880, he and his company 
were buried under the falling walls at the Mayer furniture factory, 
on Canal Street, one man being killed and five having broken 
limbs. Marshal Murphy himself was disabled for a long time. 
On September 16, 1882, he was presented with a watch and chain 
by the manufacturers of the business district, in appreciation of his 
services; a token of esteem to which, later, was added honorable 
official mention in general orders for rescuing three persons from 
the fourth story of Nos. 70-72 Randolph Street. He was badly in- 
jured in a collision the night of the presentation, while on the hose 
cart going to a fire. His reputation for dauntless courage, 
efficiency and energy have won him high praise. Marshal Murphy 
was married in Chicago, in 1877, to Miss Mary Thompson. They 
have two children, Elvira T. and Irene. 

JOHN H. GREENE, chief of the Second Battalion, was born on 
September 3, 1842, in the city of Providence, R. I. In June, 1860, 
he came to Chicago, his trade being that of a printer. He was 
employed by Andrew W r ood, proprietor of a job-office, corner of 
Lake and Clark streets, until December 24, 1864, when he joined 
the " Liberty" Engine Company No. 7, as pipeman, under Cap- 
tain D. J. Swenie. He remained in that company and its successor 
(" Fred Gund " No. 14), until January 21, 1871, when he was pro- 
moted to captain of Hook and Ladder No. 3. On the gth of 
April, 1877, he became assistant fire marshal, in charge of the 
Third Battalion. On May I, 1880, he was transferred to the com- 
mand of the Second Battalion, with headquarters at No. 1 80 Dear- 
born Avenue. 

PETER TRAINOR, captain of Hook and Ladder Company No. 
I, has been a member of the Fire Department since 1869. He was 
born in Armagh, Ireland, in 1847. When he was two years of age, 
his parents, Bernard and Alice Trainor, located at Kingston] 
Canada, and, in 1854, came to Chicago, where the senior Trainor 
still resides. Here the son received his education, and served an 
apprenticeship at ship-carpentry, besides sailing on the lakes two 
years. On July 5, 1869, he joined the Fire Department as pipe- 
man on Engine No. 13, and, in 1871, was promoted to a lieuten- 
ancy. On December 9, 1872, he was made captain of No. 18, then 
organized, being the first new company formed after the fire of 
1871. In 1873, Captain Trainor was transferred to Chemical No. I, 
and, in a collision, was disabled for seven months, having a limb 
and three ribs broken. In October, 1874, he was sent to Hook and 
Ladder Company No. 2, and later, to Engine No. I, when he 
organized Hook and Ladder Company No. 7. Two years later he 
went on Truck No. 8, and, finally, to his present post, on April 8, 



122 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



IS82. Captain Trainor has \voii distinction for many notable acts 
i>l bravery. While cm NCI. iS, in 1*7;!,, lu- was badly injured in 
the face at a lire at Sale's Hall, tin Canal Street, falling through 
the building. On May 3, !^ S 5, lie was one of the firemen who was 
buried in a burning structure on \Vatcr Street, where two lire- 
men belonging to his company were killed and himself slightly 
injured. 

JOHN |. HKNM ss| Y, captain of Engine Company No. d, was 
born at Klmira, Chenuing Co., V Y., on July 22, 1849. When 
he was an infant, his parents, lohn J. and Margaret Hennessey, 
removed to Chicago, and died soon after their arrival, in 1851. In 
tary, lS(>2, Captain Hennessey enlisted in the 32d New York 
Infantry, and served actively for two vtars and nine months, lie 
was at Sliiloh and ( icttvsbnrg. and in the battles of the Wilderness, 
and, in 1*1,4. was with C.cneral A. I. Smith in the Army of the Ten- 
nessee, lie returned to Chicago after the close of the War, and 
worked as a confectioner and as a traveling salesman lor M. K. 
I'age >V Co. On June 22, 1872, he joined llullwinklc's Fire Patrol ; 
and, on July o, 1874. the municipal Fire Department, as truckman 
on Hook and Ladder No. i. He was transferred to No. 6, on 
November 7, 1875, and promoted to the lieutenancy of Hook and 
Ladder No. 7, on July 14, 1877. In October, 1877, he returned to 
No. 6, and was sent to Engine No. 5, on April 20. [878. On I >cccm- 
bcr 31, 1882, he was made captain of Fngine Company No. 6. 
Captain Ilenncss.A has seen much active service, and has an excel- 
lent record lor efficiency and bravery. On February 20, 1882, his 
skull was fractured and collar-bone broken in a hose cart collision, 
disabling him for several weeks. He was married in Chicago, in 
[878, to kcbec-ca A. I lennessey, who died on June 14, 1884, leaving 
one child, Maggie A. 

KuiiKui C. I'.M.MKR, captain of Engine Company No. 10, 
has been a member of the Fire Department since 1875. He was 
born in Ely, F.ngland, on November 10, 1850, the son of Robert 
II. and Sarah \Y. Palmer. His parents came to Chicago on August 
4, 1851. His father, Robert B. Palmer, was a pioneer in supplying 
water from barrel-wagons to the early residents. He also complied 
with the necessities of those times by chopping wood at fifty cents 
a day. His mother, formerly Miss Sarah Watson, bought the first 
bill ol millinery goods ever sold in Chicago by the wholesale firm of 
I >. I!. I isk \ ( .... and was located at No. 89 North Clark Street for 
twenty-one years, the father being the oldest bleacher in the ci I y. 
( aptain Palmer received his education here. For eight years, be- 
tween the ages of twelve and twenty, he did duty as a man-of-war's 
man, and later learned the engraving art. In 1873, he joined the 
I- ire Department as a substitute, being regularly appointed, on 
August 4, 1875, as truckman on Hook and Ladder No. 8. He 
went to No. 4, on November 7, 1876, and was promoted to the 
nancy of Hook and Ladder No. 3, on December I, 1877. In 
[878, he was transferred to Hook and Ladder Company No. I ; to 
No. -'. in December, 1879; and was promoted to a captaincy, on 
January I, 1382, on Hook and Ladder No. 9. In January, 1883, 
he was sent to F.ngine No. 9 ; and January 3, 1885, to his present- 
post. Captain Palmer bears a high record for bravery and effi- 
ciency, ami has received honorable mention in Department general 
orders for rescuing imperiled people. He has been several times in- 
jured while in the line of duty, and has had as many as forty 
Stitches made for injuries at fires'. He has lost only sixty-nine days 
of absence during his twelve years of service. Captain Palmer was 
married, in Chicago, on December 17, 1877, to Miss Christiana 
I leist, a native of Cook County. They have three children, Grace 
\\., Emily A., and liunnie. 

GI-.HRI;!-: II. TAYLOR, captain of Engine Company No 14 
was born in Chicago, on December i, 1846, and is the son of Ezra 
and Sabina Taylor. His parents were from New York, his father 
coming here in 1836 and his mother two years previously The 
former is well known as a pioneer of the early days, and as the com- 
oi the celebrated liattery " B," otherwise known as " Tay- 
Battery." The son was educated in Chicago, and, February 
i, 1864, when seventeen years of age, entered the Fire Department 
as pipeman on " Atlantic," No. 3. In 1867, Captain Taylor went 
> No. .,, and, i, ve years later, was promoted to the lieutenancy of 
J. 22, where he remained one year. He served on No. 27 two 
years, and cm No. II four years; when he was made captain of No 
20, later of No. 11, and, in April, 1882, of No. 14 his present 
< year serving on Chemical No. I. In the great fire 
he lost everything. Captain Taylor has been identified with the 
m " st P advance of the Department. He was married in 

Chicago, in iS6S, to .Miss Sarah Donovan. They have five chil- 
dren William, Mary. Margaret, George and Ezra. Colonel Ezra 
laylor, his father, died in this city, on October 24, 1885. 

JAMKS K\m.;in, captain of Engine Company No. 15, has 
been a member, if the Fire Department for twenty-seven vears ' He 
was born in County Limerick, Ireland, in 1841.' When six 'years 
of age he came, with his parents, John and Elizabeth Enright, to 
< hicago. The son early identified himself with a fireman's life. 



In 1855, when fourteen years of age, he joined the Volunteer Fire 
Department as torch-boy, on the "Niagara," No. 3, remaining 
with that company until it disbanded, in 1857. On April I, 1858, 
he joined the paid department on No. 2, where he served four 
years, becoming head-pipeman of " Liberty," No. 7, in 1862, of 
which company Captain Swenie was in command until 1870. Of 
this company Captain F.nright was given command one year pre- 
vious to the fire of 1871. He %vas transferred to F'ire FJscape No. 
2, which was destroyed in the great fire. In 1873, he was sent as 
captain to Engine No. 6, later to No. II, and, in 1875, to Hook 
and Ladder No. S, where he remained until 1878. He then went 
to No. 23, and, in January, 1885, to Engine No. 15, where he 
now is. Captain Flnright was married, in 1865, to Miss Mary 
Egan, of Chicago. They have four children, Julia Agnes, Mar- 
tha, Willie and Joseph J. 

IDIIX LYNI/H, captain of Engine Company No. 17, is a native 
of Ireland, and was born on April I, 1849. When he was eleven years 
of age, his parents Patrick and Bridget Lynch, immigrated to Chi- 
cago. The son received his education in this city, and took to rail- 
roading as an occupation, serving as conductor on the Chicago, 
Alton & St. Louis Railroad for five years. In March, 1873, he 
joined the fire corps as driver on Engine No. 7, where he remained 
two years. He was then transferred to No. 5 as pipeman, and, in 
1876, was promoted to a lieutenancy, and sent to Hook and Ladder 
No. i. In March, 1877, he was transferred to Engine No. i, and 
two years later was with No. 7. lie was then transferred to Chem- 
ical No. i, where he remained over four years ; and, on September 5, 
1885, was promoted to a captaincy and assigned to Engine No. 17. 
Captain Lynch's record is one of courage and efficiency in the line 
of duty. He was married, in Chicago, in 1874, to Miss Mary 
O'Halloran; they have five children, Henry, George, Michael, 
Agnes, and Annie. His parents, at an advanced age, are still resi- 
dents of Chicago ; and his uncle, Father James Lynch, is a promi- 
nent priest at W T aterbury, Conn. 

JOSEPH J. WALSH, captain of Engine Company No. 22, who 
who has been, a member of the F'ire Department since 1850, has 
a high record for continuous service and official usefulness. He 
was born in Ireland, on April 20, 1835, being the son of Lawrence 
and Ann Walsh. He came to Chicago, with his parents, when 
thirteen years of age, and after completing his education, served an 
apprenticeship as a moulder in the pioneer Grange F'oundry, follow- 
ing the trade for some years. In 1850, he joined the volunteer fire 
corps, serving for nine years on " Niagara," No 3, with headquar- 
ters at the corner of Kinzie and Wells streets. On September 12, 

1859, he joined the paid department under Captain Wood, on 
" Enterprise," No. 2, which had been known in the volunteer 
service as No. 7, and served as pipeman nine months. In March, 

1860, he was made foreman of the company, a position of equal 
rank and responsibility with the present grade of captain, where he 
remained until the great fire of 1871. In 1865, during his incum- 
bency, No. 2 was re-organized as No. 10. In 1872, when his 
brother, Lawrence J. Walsh, resigned from the captaincy of No. 
II, he assumed that post, where he remained until December, 1872. 
He then went to No. 20, which company was organized at that 
time; and, in February, 1873, was transferred to No. 39, on Raw- 
son Street. On April 2, 1874, he went to Engine No. 9, and in 
August, 1880, was assigned to No. 22, where he has since remained. 
Captain Walsh was married, in Chicago, in 1884, and has one 
child, Pansy. 

GEORGE M. SHIPPY, captain of Engine Company No. 21, was 
born in Chicago, on June 24, 1854. He is the son of Richard Shippy, 
who came to this city in 1839, and for twenty-five years was on the 
police force, part of the time as lieutenant. Captain Shippy, was 
educated in Chicago, and joined the F'ire Department, on August 
26, 1876, as truckman on Hook and Ladder Company No. 4, where 
he remained for two years. On January 10, 1879, he. was promoted 
to the lieutenancy of No. 2 ; a year later was sent to No. i, and, in 
1882, to Engine No. 13. Two years later he was transferred to No. 
9, and, subsequently was promoted to a captaincy, and assigned to 
duty on No. 21, where he still remains. On July 2, 1877, he was 
thrown from a truck and injured, his companion being killed. 
Captain Shippy enjoys an excellent reputation as an efficient mem- 
ber of the Department. He was married in Chicago, in 1879 to 
Miss Sadie Randall ; they have one child. 

FRANK H. BUTTKKFIKI.I., captain of Engine Company No. 24, 
comes from one of the pioneer families of Chicago. He is the son 
of Milo Butterfield, who came to this city in 1828 and died in 1876. 
His father was born at Syracuse, N. Y., in 1800, being the son of 
Andrew Jackson Butterfield, who was married four times, once to a 
member of an Indian tribe, Milo being the only child by his first 
wife. Captain Butterfield was born the night that his grandfather 
died, at the old Waukegan House, corner of Fifth Avenue and 
Lake Street, operated as a pioneer hostelry in those days by Andrew 
Chappell. The captain's mother, formerly Miss Eliza Chappell 
who was the first school-teacher in Chicago, was a native of New 



CORPORATE HISTORY. 



123 



York, coming to Chicago in 1832. The son was educated here, and 
when fourteen years of age went to the Mason Locomotive Works, 
at Taunton, Mass., to learn the trade of machinist, serving four 
years' apprenticeship as a moulder. Returning to Chicago, he 
worked for his uncle, D. X. Chappell, the first manufacturer of 
soda-water in the city, familiarly known as " Pop " all over Chicago. 
In 1869, he joined the Fire Department as pipeman on No. 16, 
when that company was organized. In 1871, he was stationed at 
No. I, and was there three years, being promoted to assistant fore- 
man. Later he served on Chemical No. I, and, on September 12, 
1875, was sent as lieutenant to No. 24, being promoted to the cap- 
taincy in 1878. During the great fire he lost everything, even to 
his clothing. Captain Buttertield was married in Chicago, in iS;i , 
to Miss Ellen Holmes ; they have one child, Frances. 

CHRISTIAN SIIIIMMELS, captain of Engine Company, 
No. 25, who is one of the three oldest captains in the service, is a 
representative member of the municipal Fire Department, and 
through long years of experience has become authority on 
all subjects in his line of duty. He was born in this city 
on May n, 1845, in a house at the corner of Desplaines and 
Meridian streets ; and, during forty years' residence in Chi- 
cago, has lived in but two houses besides ; and has never 
been outside of the State, and rarely outside of the city. He 
is the son of Jacob and Margaret Schimmels. His father, 
who was an extensive builder, died in 1875. At an early age, 
the son was apprenticed to the carpenter's trade, at which he 
worked for three years. On September 25, 1864, he joined 
the Fire Department. He first served on "Tempest" Hose, 
No. I ; and, on May 21, 1869, was promoted to the foreman- 
ship of Engine No. 5, equivalent to a captaincy of to-day. 
On September 21, 1874, he was made captain of No. 25. 
Captain Schimmels is widely known, especially in the West 
Division, where he has always resided, and where he is an 
extensive property owner. He is an acknowledged authority 
on matters of all kinds regarding (ires ; having a complete 
record of every alarm of fire, as to the time, box, and details, 
since 1869. These are the only authentic records now extant, 
those of Captain Sweenie having been lost in the great fire ; 
and the Historical Society has drawn largely upon them 
for information. Captain Schimmels was married in Chicago, 
in [anuary, 1863, to Miss Elizabeth Hasser. They have 
two children, Lena and Jacob. 

LORENZ WALTERS, captain of F^ngine Company No. 33, 
has been a member of the municipal Fire Department since 
its organization, and connected with the volunteer corps in the 
early fifties; and as a veteran in the service he enjoys the con- 
fidence of the community and the esteem of his associates. lie is 
the son of Diebold and Elizabeth Walters, and was born in Alsace, 
in 1824. When a boy he came to America and settled in Buffalo, 
where he followed the trade of cigar-maker, and was engaged in 
that line of business for some years. In 1848, he came to Chicago, 
and one year later joined the volunteer Fire Department, serving 
on Truck No. I. He remained in the service for seven years, 
during three years of which he was assistant engineer ; and, in 
1866, he became a member of the municipal fire corps as assistant 
marshal, being located in the North Division, with "Huck" Hose 
Company, of which he was made captain in 1872. In 1874, Chem- 
ical No. 4 was organized, and he assumed the captaincy. He 
organized Engine Company No. 30, in December, 1881, and was 
its captain for two years; and, on January I, 1883, was sent to No. 
33, where he now is. Captain \Valters was married, in Buffalo, 
N. Y., in 1849, to Miss Elizabeth Bills. They have four children, 
Frank, Charles, John and Josie. 

FIRE-ALARM TELEGRAPH. The pecuniary loss sus- 
tained by the great fire of 1871 was $27,000. 

In 1872, in consequence of a disagreement between 
Mayor Medill and the Fire Commissioners, the former 
refused to recognize the Board, and the report of that 
year was not officially adopted, and was never printed. 
The manuscript has been lost, and no record exists of 
the operations of the year, though it is known that a 
four-wire kerite cable was laid fifty feet under the South 
Branch of the Chicago River, at Archer Avenue, through 
the brick tunnel which contains the water-main, and 
that a six-wire kerite cable was laid in the water-pipe 
tunnel under the Ogden-avenue slip at Division Street. 
In connection with a telegraph company, a cable was 
laid under the North Branch of the river at Clybourn 
Place, two wires of which belong to the fire-alarm 
system. 



In 1873, a four-wire kerite cable was laid from the 
water works crib in the lake, through the new tunnel, 
before the water was admitted, a distance of three miles, 
to the shore terminus. 

During 1874 there was added to the fire-alarm sys- 
tem forty signal boxes, six engine-house" strikers, one 
bell-striker, and thirty miles of aerial wire, making in 
all, up to that time, two hundred and fifty-eight boxes, 
forty-four gongs, and eleven public-alarm bells. The 
residences of the fire marshals were connected with the 
central station by means of instruments temporarily 




THE CRIB. 

placed on the fire signal lines, communication being 
had by means of an established code of signals. 

In 1875, previous to March 3r, the system was sup- 
plemented by the addition of fifteen street boxes, four 
engine-house strikers and two public bell- strikers; fifteen 
miles of wire were utilized in effecting communication 
between the central office and the fire marshals' quar- 
ters, thereby relieving the signal lines from all duty other 
than fire summons. Twenty-five miles of wire were 
used in extensions to new boxes and for the restoration 
of those destroyed by the fire of July, 1874. A cable, 
four hundred feet in length, consisting of two con- 
ductors, was laid in the brick water-tunnel, fifty feet 
under the North Branch of the Chicago River, at Chi- 
cago Avenue. 

The first regular underground cable (as distin- 
guished from cables laid in water-pipe tunnels or 
through water-mains), a kerite built by Day & Co., of 
New York, was laid in Cass Street, between Superior 
and Erie streets, in October, 1877, and consisted of two 
conductors of No. 16 copper-wire, 1,955 ^ eet each, laid 
in an iron pipe of one inch diameter, the interval being 
filled with Stockholm tar ; the insulation or coating of 
the wire being -/ s of an inch in thickness, and the wire 
wrapped with tape. 

Between March 31 and December 31, 1885, one 
street box and eight engine-house strikers were intro- 
duced. At the Twelfth-street river-crossing, a cable, 
with seven conducting wires two for city use was 
laid through the water - main, and two of Barrett's 
"joker " registering appliances were phced in opera- 
tion experimentally. 



124 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



In 1876, twenty-five street boxes and two engine- 
house strikers were added to the fire-alarm system; 
there were re-built and transferred to poles fifty miles of 
the old aerial lines of wire, giving an increased line 
capacity for forty-eight new boxes. During that year 
E. B. Chandler resigned the superintendency of the 
fire-alarm system, and J. P. Barrett was chosen his 
successor. 

In 1877, one hundred and seventy-four new street 
boxes were placed in position; talking lines were ex- 
tended to all excepting two of the engine houses, and 
twenty-eight automatic registers (Barrett's "joker") 
were connected therewith; and an electro-mechanical 
chain-dropper, door-opener and gas-controller was 
placed in each engine house; the fire marshals' private 
residences were connected with the central office; a re- 
vised box list and running card was adopted, which 
made radical changes in the box numbers; one hundred 
and twenty-five miles of aerial wire were constructed, 
fifty miles being additional new lines; the wires were 
entirely removed from house tops, requiring the setting 
of two thousand three hundred and fifty-eight tele- 
graph poles; connections with the Astronomical Asso- 
ciation were made, and correct time thereby obtained, 
which is struck on all the public bells every day at 
meridian. 

In 1878, the Department adopted the Tooker key- 
less-door alarm box, and placed thirty of those 
machines in the central business district of the city; 
the talking lines were materially extended; and Barrett's 
automatic register, electro-mechanical door-opener, etc., 
were placed in engine houses Nos. 19, 23 and 29. 

In 1879, the aerial lines were extended to the Stock 
Yards district, in the Town of Lake, where fire - alarm 
stations were established; the Tooker keyless-door was 
attached to seventy-two of the existing old style alarm 
boxes. 

In 1880, the signal lines were extended so as to 
place many new boxes in service; automatic signal 
lines were extended to engine-houses Nos. 20, 30, 
31, and Chemical Engine No. 3, and the Barrett 
mechanism placed in each; four striking lines and tele- 
phone lines were constructed between the Fire Depart- 
ment headquarters and the headquarters of the chief of 
each battalion; three telephone and district call wires 
and apparatus were completed in the Police Depart- 
ment; the police lines were extended to West Madison- 
street Sub-station; a line was constructed to the House 
of Correction, and from there to the small-pox hospital, 
connecting by telephone each institution with the 
Health Department of the city. The Water Depart- 
ment lines were extended to, and telephone connections 
established with, the Fullerton-avenue conduit-station; 
four wire cables were laid from the shore-end of the 
water-works crib cable, connecting the same with the 
North Side Water Works; gongs were placed in engine 
houses Nos. 30 and 31, and automatic registers in 
engine houses Nos. 20 and 30; the Tooker keyless- 
door was attached to thirty existing fire boxes; and an 
original system of police telephone and call service was 
perfected and adopted. In 1880, thirty-one police call 
stations were established in the Twelfth-street district. 
A summary of the telegraph apparatus at this time 
in the service of the city, shows three thousand and 
seventy-six poles, four hundred miles of aerial wire, 
twenty-eight miles of wire in cables, four hundred and 
eighty-six fire-alarm boxes, one hundred and thirty-four 
Tooker keyless - doors, thirty-eight Barrett registering 
apparatus, thirteen bells and strikers, fifty-two gongs, 
and sixty-eight telephones. 



In 1881. fifteen additional alarm boxes were placed; 
registering apparatus and gongs were extended to 
engine houses Nos. 30, 31 and 32; forty keyless-doors 
were attached to existing alarm boxes; the police tele- 
graph was extended to two new stations, and also to 
the private residences of four officers of the Fire 
Marshal's Department: one hundred new poles were 
placed for extension of the police alarm telegraph, sixty 
miles of aerial wire were strung, and five new stations 
established; connections were made with eight engine 
houses; one hundred and eleven new street fire-alarm 
stations were opened. 

In 1882, ten signal stations, two "joker " registers 
with engine-house attachments, and seventeen tele- 
phones for the transmission of Department business, 
were inaugurated in service ; the three-dial repeater in 
the central office, which strikes the alarm, was ex- 
changed for a four-dial instrument, the change was 
necessitated by the boxes in the Stock Yards district 
being numbered in thousands (four figures) instead of 
hundreds fthree figures) ; the police patrol system was 
extended into six additional districts, namely, the Cot- 
tage Grove-avenue, Larrabee-street, Rawson-street, East 
Chicago-avenue, West Chicago- avenue and Hinman- 
street districts, in the construction of which three 
hundred and two poles were placed, eighty miles of 
wire stretched and one hundred and thirty-one patrol 
boxes stationed. These lines were all connected with 
the engine houses in their respective districts. A new 
aerial line was constructed between the central office in 
the City Hall and the Bridewell, for the exclusive use 
of the House of Correction, and the old line between 
these points was changed so as to connect the small-pox 
hospital with the office of the Board of Health ; a kerite 
cable of twenty wires was placed in the LaSalle-street 
tunnel ; the old four-wire cable connecting through 
Goose Island was repaired and two additional wires 
added, making a perfect and ample service of six wires. 
The entire equipment and apparatus at this time sum- 
marizes as follows : 3,478 telegraph poles, 565 miles of 
wire in air, 28 miles of wire in cables, 511 fire-alarm 
boxes, 174 keyless-doors, 40 Barrett "jokers" and at- 
tachments, 13 bells and strikers, 52 engine-house gongs, 
332 telephones, 3,100 battery jars, one four-dial re- 
peater. 

OB October 23, 1884, the headquarters of the city 
telegraph were removed from the old City Hall, corner 
of Adams and LaSalle streets., to the new City Hall, 
LaSalle, Washington and Randolph streets, where the 
conveniences, equipments and furnishings are unsur- 
passed. The sigrtal system, including the six stations 
in the Stock Yards district, embraces 520 fire-alarm 
stations, 434 public police boxes and 322 private police 
boxes or calls, through all of which, 1,286 in number, 
fire assistance may be summoned. 

The underground system, this year devised and per- 
fected, consists of a conduit composed of asphaltum 
cement in three-feet lengths, of pipe form, with an in- 
ternal diameter of nine inches, laid in a trench under 
the street pavement, at a depth of from two-and-a-half 
to five feet. The pipes are connected in the trench and 
made water-tight with asphaltum cement. They are 
continuous except at street intersections, where a man- 
hole chamber, of the same composition, wide enough to 
permit the entrance of two men, is sunk to sufficient 
depth to form part of the conduit. The man-holes are 
inclosed, and have iron coverings. Through LaSalle 
Street, and the tunnel under the river, a three inch iron 
pipe, nineteen hundred feet in length, incloses a kerite 
cable of twenty-five wires ; between the South and West 



CORPORATE HISTORY. 



sides of the city, two iron pipes, each three inches in 
diameter, laid in the Washington-street tunnel, each pro- 
tect a kerite cable of eighteen hundred and seventy-five 
feet in length, consisting of twenty-five wires. The 
conduit extends from the City Hall to the three 
divisions of the city, and single insulated wires drawn 
through it connect the apparatus in the central station 
with the different stations along the conduit route and 
with the air lines at the conduit terminals. These wires 
have a copper core, No. 13 gauge, and are surrounded 
by kerite insulation - s of an inch in thickness, wrapped 
with fabric tape. The underground system includes 
also smaller conduits, constructed of asphaltum pipes, 
four inches internal diameter, leading from the City 
Hall to the Washington-street and LaSalle-street 
tunnels, designed and laid with a view of ultimately 
being utilized for an electric light service. The under- 
ground system comprises : 7,931 feet of conduit, 4,872 
feet of iron pipe, 5,760 feet of cable, 36*^ miles single 
wire and 23 man-hole chambers. 

The cost of the plant of the fire-alarm system of to- 
day was $274,508, the principal items being as follows : 

Telegraph lines, $30,750; six cables, $7,570.74; lightning 
arresters at cables and tunnels, $700; 513 automatic signal boxes, 
$122,750; 54 engine-house gongs, $11,825; '3 bell-strikers, 
$19,500; 13 alarm-bells, $9,700; 15 police dial instruments, $3,000; 
5 printers, $1,100; battery, $4,098; 46 " jokers " and instruments, 
$9,200; 172 Tooker doors, $16,700; underground system, $24,878; 
central office apparatus, $11,215; line instruments, tools, desks, city 
maps, chairs, etc., $571. The cost of the several cables in detail, 
was Archer Avenue, $567.66; Chicago Avenue, $332 ; Washing- 
ton-street tunnel, $2,115.38; Division Street, $845.50; Clybourn 
Place, $97.50; LaSalle-street tunnel, $3,612. 

FIREMEN'S BENEVOLENT ASSOCIATION. The great 
fire of 1871 destroyed the records of the Firemen's Be- 
nevolent Association, and emptied its treasury. The 
society at that time had an investment of $5,000 in the 
stock of the Home Insurance Company, of this city, to 
make which good it was called upon to pay over its 
available fund, amounting to some $1,400, being only 
allowed by the court to retain a nominal sum, in virtue 
of its position as a benevolent organization. 

The firemen of other cities, in this time of need, did 
for their brethren of Chicago all that they could or 
would have done for themselves. A little pamphlet, 
issued in the summer of 1872, makes a formal acknowl- 
edgment to the firemen of the United States and Canada 
of the aid thus generously tendered. In this we find 
recorded that a meeting of the Fire Department was 
called on the evening of October 17, 1871, "to take 
such action as should best carry out the desires in 
their donations to the firemen's relief fund." Mathias 
Benner, third assistant fire marshal, was chosen chair- 
man, and E. B. Chandler, superintendent of the fire- 
alarm telegraph, as secretary. Charles S. Petrie, 
Thomas Barry, D. B. Kenyon and James E. Chandler 
were appointed a committee to receive and distribute 
all funds sent for the relief of the Department. John 
P. Barrett, E. B. Chandler and D. J. Swenie were 
appointed a committee on resolutions. 

Within thirty days from the date of this meeting do- 
nations were received from outside firemen to the amount 
of about $8,000, and the sum in the hands of the com- 
mittee for disbursement soon after reached a total of 
nearly $12,000. At an adjourned meeting of the Fire 
Department, held on the evening of May 21, 1872, the 
committee on relief, Messrs. Petrie, Barry, Kenyon and 
Chadwick, reported in detail the amounts received and 
distributed, showing a balance of $42.55 on hand, which 
was, on motion, turned over to the Firemen's Benevo- 
lent Association. Their statement showed a total con- 



tribution of $i 1,485.55 from the firemen of twenty cities 
in the United States and Canada, out of which fund 
the total number of firemen relieved was ninety-seven, 
and the total number of persons relieved in the families 
of firemen, two hundred and forty-six. The following 
resolutions, presented by the committee on resolutions, 
Messrs. Barrett, Chandler and Swenie, were unanimously 
adopted: 

" ll'/it-ivas, On the 8th and gth days of October, 1871, nearly 
one-fourth of the City of Chicago was devastated by fire, by which 
calamity ninety-seven members of our Fire Department suffered 
losses to a greater or less extent ; and 

" ll'/ii-inis. The Fire Departments throughout the United 
States and Canada promptly and generously contributed of their 
substance for relief of their suffering brethren ; Therefore, 

" Keso/ivJ, That the members of the Fire Department of Chi- 
cago hereby tender their heartfelt thanks to the members of the 
Fire Departments of our sister cities, and assure them that their 
timely assistance will ever be held in grateful remembrance. 

" AVjv/TVi/, That a copy of the foregoing be sent to all the Fire 
Departments which have contributed to our relief." 

The annual firemen's ball, of the following October, 
netted the Association nearly $2,000, and as the calls for 
relief were but moderate, owing partly to the disburse- 
ment of the relief fund above recorded, the Association 
began the year 1873 with a very respectable sum in the 
treasury. 

There has been nothing eventful in the history of 
this branch of the Fire Department since that period. 
The society has been sustained entirely by membership 
fees, and the proceeds of the annual ball of the firemen, 
which takes place in the latter part of October of each 
year. 

In 1873, it contributed $500 to the relief of the des- 
titute by the Boston fire; and on September 24, 1878, 
$600 was sent for distribution among the yellow-fever 
sufferers in Memphis, New Orleans and Vicksburg. 

The following statement shows the total amounts 
paid out yearly for benevolent purposes since 1871 : 

1872. $1,031 86 

1873 1,095 50 

1874-- 2,18972 

1875 1.599 

1876 __ ___ 1,464 ii 

I877-- -- 2,083 93 

. 2,411 85 

1879 2,200 00 

1880 .. __ 3,275 70 

1881 . 3,998 65 

1882 _ 4,34630 

1883... 6,555 oo 

1884 __ 6,03200 

1885.. . 5,82800 

Total $44,111 62 

The officers of the Association since 1871 with their 
terms of service, have been as follows : 

Presidents E. B. Chandler, 1872-77 ; [. P. Barrett, 1878 ; 
D. D. Healey, 1883 ; William H. Townsend, 1884. 

Vice-Presidents Charles T. Brown, 1872 ; D. J. Swenie, 
1873-77; E. B. Chandler, 1878-80; L. J. Walsh, 1881-82; John 
Lynch, 1883; H. H. McCuen, 1884. 

Treasurers Joel A. Prescott, 1872-74 ; Thomas Barrv, 
1875-82 ; C. S. Petrie, 1883. 

Financial Secretaries Joel A. Kinney, 1872-74; D. D. Healey, 
1875-79; R- C. Palmer, 1 880-8 1 ; Thomas Burns, 1882; Freder- 
ick N. Shippy, 1883 ; D. I). Healey, 1884. 

Recording Secretaries Leo Meyers, 1872 ; D. B. Kenyon, 
lS 73-/9 I John Fitzpatrick, 1880-81 ; Joseph O'Donoghue, 1882-84; 
Ed. Hunt, 1885. 

The present officers are John Hamill, president ; John J. 
Berry vice-president; Charles S. Petrie, treasurer; U. D. Healey, 
financial secretary ; Ed. Hunt, recording secretary. 

The Association now numbers among its benefi- 
ciaries fourteen families of deceased firemen, who are 
in receipt of pensions paid monthly. The present mem- 
bership is 400. The annual dues are $2.00. The gross 



126 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



receipts of the last annual ball, in October, 1885, 
readied the large sum of $jj,6So, of which $22,000 were 
netted to the treasury. The surplus fund is now about 
,si>5,ooo. From this fund some $30,000 are loaned out 
at a low rate of interest to members of the Fire Depart- 
ment, as an aid in the construction of homes. Approved 
loans are made from this fund, from time to time, as it 
increases, for this purpose. 

The annual meetings for the election of officers take 
place in January of each year. Regular meetings for 
the transaction of relief business are held on the third 
Tuesday in each month. 



BOARD OK PUBLIC WORKS. 

There have been several important changes in the 
management of the Board of Public Works since the 
fire. On September 18, 1876, the Board was abolished 
by the City Council, and due authority and control 
vested in the Mayor. On May 19, 1879, a commis- 
sioner in charge was again appointed, but his resigna- 
tion, October 19, 1881, once more placed the Depart- 
ment in the Mayor's hands; the Council, December 31 
of that year, legalizing the action, and vesting the exec- 
utive officer with full power as a Commissioner of the 
Department. In 7882, a commissioner was again ap- 
pointed. The following is a register of the Department, 
by years, since 1871: 




engineer. 

1872-73 No change in organization occurred. 

1873-74 Redmond Prindiville, commissioner and president; 
J. K. Thompson, commissioner and treasurer; Louis Wahl, com- 
missioner; Alexander Sullivan, secretary; E. S. Chesbrough, city 
engineer. 

1874-75, an d U P to March 31, 1876, the composition of the 
Board was the same as above. 

1876 Department in charge of the Mayor; D. S. Mead, sec- 
retary; E. S. Chesbrough, city engineer; George W. Wilson, superin- 
tendent of streets, bridges and public buildings; William II. Clarke, 
assistant city engineer; E. M. Johnson, accountant and paymaster; 
1 1. I. Jones, in charge of assessments; D. C. Cregier, chief engineer 
North Pumping works; W. R. Larrabee, in charge of water office; 
O. F. Woodford, water tax assessor; Charles Brown, superintendent 
of water meters; F. J. Reed, cashier; F. C. Meyer, in charge of 
map department. 

1877 The on 'y change made was the appointment of Henry 
Mason as engineer of the West Pumping Works. 

1878 The only change this year was occasioned by the death 
of W. H. Clarke, August 5, 1878, Benezette Williams being ap- 
pointed to succeed him as assistant city engineer. 

1871) -Charles S. Waller, commissioner; D. S. Mead, secretary; 
D. C. Cregier, acting city engineer; William Fogarty, superintendent 
of streets; F.. M. Johnson, accountant and paymaster; H. J. Jones, 
superintendent of special assessments; D. C. Cregier, chief engineer 
North Pumping Works; Henry Mason, engineer West Pumping 
Works; Herman Lieb, superintendent of water office; O. F. Wood- 
ford, water tax assessor; M. Kyan, superintendent of water meters; 
John Hise, cashier; F. C. Meyer, superintendent of map department. 

iSSo Charles S. Waller, commissioner; D. S. Mead, secretary; 
F. C. Meyer, bookkeeper; D. C. Cregier, city engineer; William 
Fogarty, superintendent of streets; G. Howard Filers, superintendent 
of sewerage; II. Lieb, superintendent of water office; O. F. Wood- 
ford, tax assessor; John Hise, cashier; ]. K. Tumey, registrar; H. 
J. Jones, superintendent of special assessments; Francis A. Demm- 
ler, superintendent of map department. 

lift The departmental offices were unchanged, except for 
the official abandonment of the bookkeeper's position, and the 
transfer of the executive authority to the Mayor, the commissioners 
resigning office. 

1882^-0. C. Cregier, commissioner ; D. S. Mead, secretary ; 
S. (',. Artingstall, acting city engineer; O. II. Cheney, superin- 
tendent of sewers ; William Fogarty, superintendent of streets ; II. 
J. Jones, superintendent of special assessments; Herman Lieb, su- 
perintendent of water-rate collections; F. A. I lemmler, superin- 
tendent of map department ; F. C. Meyer, department bookkeeper ; 



O. F. Woodford, water rate assessor; J. W. Lyons, cashier water 
collections office ; F. Trautmann, engineer North Pumping Works ; 
H. Mason, engineer West Pumping Works; H. Welch, en- 
gineer South Branch Pumping Works; J. B. Carlisle, engi- 
neer North Branch Pumping works ; I). F. Gleeson, superintendent 
of water meters; G. k. Bramhall, superintendent of bridge re- 
pairs; C. MeKee, lake crib keeper. 

iSSj The only changes in the Department were the appoint- 
ment of T. Pattison as cashier of the water collections office ; 
|. Mabbs as engineer of the North Branch Pumping Works ; and 
|. ( 'omi-kcy as superintendent of water meters. 

/,w/-'l>. C. Cregier, commissioner; D. S. Mead, secretary; 
S. G. Artingstall, city engineer; O. H. Cheney, superintendent of 
sewers; William Fogarty, superintendent of special assessments; 
Hermann Lieb, superintendent of water rate collections ; F. A. 
I lemmler, superintendent of map department; F. C. Meyer, de- 
partment bookkeeper ; E. E. Gilbert, chief clerk water rates ; T. 
Pattison, water rate assessor; H. G. Naper, water permit clerk ; J. 
W. Lyons, cashier water rates ; W. L. Maher, registrar water rates ; 
W. Williams, meter rate clerk ; B. F. Davenport, in charge of 
private drains ; F. Trautmann, engineer North Pumping Works ; 
II. Mason, engineer West Pumping Works; H. Welch, engineer 
South Branch Pumping Works ; W. J. Trumbull, engineer North 
Branch Pumping Works ; J. Comiskey, superintendent of water 
meters ; G. k. Bramhall, superintendent of bridge repairs ; C. Mc- 
Kee, lake crib keeper. 

A summary of the work of the Department for 1884 
shows 

Water pipe laid, 24^ miles; brick and pipe sewers laid, 19 
miles; roadway paved, 34.52 miles; plats made, I,6io; special 
assessments prepared, 468 ; one bridge and three viaducts built ; 
341 contracts made, aggregating $2,589,138.29; income, 
$7,275,1:6.85; balance over expenditures to credit of Department, 
$1,059,120.73. 

The following shows the assessments for public 

works since the fire : 

1871 $2,359,835 89 

1872 __ _. 62,22225 

1873- - ---- 

1874-- --- 749,460 27 

1875 _ 723,254 42 

1876. _ 60,585 72 

1877 _ 1,516,08107 

1878 _ 124,498 48 

1879 - --- 284,900 45 

1880 __ 588,96343 

1881.-.. 980,895 50 

1882 1,227,169 71 

1883 _ _ _ 1,395,32298 

1884 - . 2,232,757 04 

The Board of Public Works lost severely in the 

great fire, and the items of damage and -ruin show how 

intricate and extensive was its water, sewerage and 

street system in 1871. 

The City Hail, barely completed, was destroyed by the con- 
flagration, with a loss of $470,000 ; the damage to the Water Works 
was $75,000 ; to the North and South Side reservoirs, $20,000 ; fire 
hydrants, $10,000 ; water meters, $6,000 ; sewerage works, $42,000; 
bridge structures, $204,310; street pavements, $211,350; sidewalks 
wood, $404,991.50; stone, $531.095 ; flagstone, $529,380; num- 
ber of lineal feet of sidewalk destroyed, 642,841, or 121^ miles; 
loss of water, $97,410; tunnels damaged, $6,000; lamp -posts, 
$33,000 ; docks, $6,000 ; expenses entailed by river obstructions, 
$7,300. Making a total loss of property in charge of the Board of 
Public Works of $2,220,250.90. 

STREETS. Over twenty-eight miles of streets were 
exposed to the fire of 1871, and the damage effected 
covered seventeen per cent, of their original cost, or 
$211,500. At that time there were 534 miles of streets 
in the city, of which 91)4 miles were improved about 
one-sixth of the total roadway area. On December 31, 
1884, the record showed 223.95 miles improved, or 
thirty-four per cent, of the whole street area ; of which 
170.80 miles were of wood, 22.31 of Macadam, 4.03 of 
granite, 4.65 of Medina stone, 3.61 of asphalt, 7.25 of 
gravel, and 9.25 of cinders. This shows a wonderful 
increase for fourteen years, as up to 1870 only 91. 17 
miles in all had been laid. The work was distributed 
among the several years as follows: 



CORPORATE HISTORY. 



1871, 25.63 miles ; 1872, 1.82; 1873, 10.19; l8 74. 9-7 I '875, 
11.49; '876, 10.50; 1877, 12.29; 1878, II. 01 ; 1879, 6.83; 1880, 
16.84; 1881, 24.52; 1882, 24.95; 1883, 22.49; 1884, 34.52 ^how- 
ing a total of 313.32 miles of streets made since the organization of 
the Department, of which 89.37 miles had been re-paved. Of 
these, 85.73 miles of streets were occupied by railway tracks. A 
summary of the work of the Street Department for 1884 shows 
725,881 square yards, or 34.52 miles, of roadway paved; 51,514 
square yards repaired ; .80 miles planked ; 92,005 square yards laid 
by street railway companies ; 2,225.34 miles cleaned, costing 
$82,223.76; 146 special assessments prepared; and 128 contracts 
made, aggregating $1,5 10,103.22. 

SIDEWALKS. The total number of lineal feet of 
sidewalks destroyed by the fire was 642,841, or 12134 
miles, comprising wood, stone and flagstone walks, with 
a value of $941,380.90. At the close of 1884, there 
were in the city 804.05 miles of sidewalk, of which 14.52 
miles were under control of the Park Commissioners. 
Of these, 720.73 miles were of wood, 72.14 of stone, 
and 11. iB of concrete. During 1884, new sidewalks 
were built, re-built or repaired, to the extent of 29.10 
miles in the South Division, 106.52 in the West Divis- 
ion, and 20.80 in the North Division, or a total of 156.43 
miles. The total assessments in this Department for 
the year were For constructing plank sidewalks, 
$53,462.33; stone, $32,001.69. 

Following are given sketches of some of the promi- 
nent firms engaged in street-building, etc.: 

WATSO.N iV PERKINS. This firm was organized in 1877, by 
William II. Watson and Amos H. Perkins, for the purpose of 
taking contracts to pave streets and build sidewalks. They pave 
with asphalt or with cedar blocks, but mostly with the latter, having 
laid miles in Chicago and Minneapolis, Minn., where they cut and 
prepare them ready to be put into pavements. In the construction 
of their sidewalks, they use sand and Portland cement in such pro- 
portions that it is as hard and durable as stone. They have done 
a large amount of work in Chicago, Minneapolis and St. Paul, 
Minnesota, and also in other cities of the Northwest. In 1882, in 
connection with their other interests, they commenced the manu- 
facture and sale of bunch - kindling, which industry has grown 
until it has become a large business of itself. They employ 
from eighty to one hundred men and do a business of $275,000 
annually. 

li'illiam //. ll'atsoii was born in Whitestown, Oneida Co., V 
V., on August 17, 1825, and is the son of Winthrop and Lydia 
(Hickox) Watson. When he was nineteen years old he learned the 
wagon-maker's trade, at which he worked about six years. In 1850, 
he moved to Elgin, Illinois, where he was engaged in the boot and 
shoe business, in connection with which he operated a tannery. At 
the end of five years, he sold out and commenced to buy and ship 
grain to Chicago. He carried on that business until 1865, when he 
came to Chicago where he has since resided. He was employed by 
the Board of Public Works to superintend the paving of streets 
until 1875, when he engaged in the paving business on his own 
account, which he followed about two years, when he formed 
a partnership with Amos H. Perkins and established the present 
firm. Mr. Watson was married in August, 1864, to Mrs. Elizabeth 
Bonville, of Geneva, Illinois; they have one son, William C., of 
Houston, Texas. 

;lit>s //. /'ei-kiiis was born in Norwich, Conn., on July 26, 
1834, and is the son of Isaac and Nancy N. (Allen) Perkins, and 
a direct descendant of Miles Standish, on his mother's side. He 
came to Chicago in 1856, and soon afterward commenced taking 
contracts for paving, laying sidewalks and roofing. He was one of 
the contractors on the I.aSalle-street tunnel. During the war he 
was a heavy dealer in tar, and at one time controlled nearly all 
there was manufactured in the United States. He has been a large 
contractor in cedar blocks and asphalt paving and Portland-cement 
sidewalks, having had contracts for this class of work in most of the 
large cities in the country. Mr. Perkins was married in March, 
1876, to Miss Mary E. Tristram, of Norwalk, Conn. He is a 
member of Covenant Lodge, No. 526, A.F. & A.M., and of Corin- 
thian Chapter, No. 69, R.A.M. 

JEFFERSON HODGKINS, paving contractor, son of Philip and 
Mary Hodgkins, was born at Trenton, Me., on October 27, 1844. 
He attended the public schools of his native town until seventeen 
years of age, when his books were dropped to enlist in Co. "C," 
26th Maine Volunteer Infantry, at the second call for troops in 
1861. His command was mustered out during the latter part of 
that year, and, during the following year he was engaged as sutler. 
Disposing of that business, he went to sea from Boston, and fol- 



lowed that vocation three years; afterward went to California, where 
he conducted a grain ranche in San Joaquin Valley for some time, 
and subsequently was employed by the Western Pacific Railway 
Company, as agent, for one year. Joining a government surveying 
party, he was for two years engaged in surveying the Chickasaw 
and Cherokee Indian lands. Illness kept him -in Leavenworth, 
Kan., during the winter of 1872, and when he had regained his 
health he came to this city, and was connected with General Blount 
in the sand business for two years. He became a partner in the 
firm of Blount <-V Hodgkins in 1874. In the following year he was 
interested in the organization of the Chicago Dredging and Dock 
Company, of which he was superintendent for two years. Since 
that time he has been dealing in, and shipping, paving materials, 
etc. He is connected with several prominent firms; is president of 
the Kimbell & Cobb Stone Company, treasurer of the Illinois 
Asphalt and Stone Paving Company, and is a stockholder and 
director of the Joliet Mound Drain-Tile Company. As contractor, 
he has filled many of the large contracts for street paving let by the 
city on Wabash Avenue, Madison Street, Randolph Street, etc. 
Mr. Hodgkins is a self-made man in every respect, and is a fine 
specimen of the Western business man, full of energy and enter- 
prise, withal pleasant and courteous. He was married in Novem- 
ber, 1874, to Miss Jennie Lewis, of Newark, N. J.; they have one 
child, William L. 

R. T. CONWAY, an old contractor of Chicago, is a native of 
Ireland, born in 1839 in County of Kilkenny. In 1852, he immi- 
grated to America and settled at Fall River, Mass., where he 
clerked for several years in a wholesale dry goods house. In 1856, 
he removed to Chicago and engaged in the grain and commission 
business, continuing in this line for fifteen years. After the fire, 
he established himself as a contractor, being for about a year in 
partnership with John V. McAdam. He is at present alone, the 
bulk of his business consisting of street work. Mr. Conway mar- 
ried, in 1862, Miss Sarah Young, of Chicago; they have five chil- 
dren, Richard, Kate, Marion o., Sarah and Rose. 

BrcHAN'AN BROTHERS. This firm was formed in Chicago in 
the spring of 1880, by James N. and Edward P. Buchanan, to 
carry on the street-cleaning and sprinkling business established by 
their father, Nelson Buchanan, in 1856. Their contracts are 
principally in the central part of the South Division of the city, and 
they have in use about twenty wagons and employ fifty men. They 
are extensively engaged in raising blooded stock, having a farm of 
four hundred and fifty acres near Libertyville, in Lake County, 
111., on which they have betweeen fifty and sixty head of Holstein 
cattle and fifty Norman draft horses. 

Janii-s .\". Kialianait, senior member of the firm, is the son of 
Nelson and Ellen M. (Paine) Buchanan, and was born in Chicago, 
on October 16, 1849. His first business in life was that of errand 
boy for Culver, Page & lioyne. After leaving school, he was clerk 
in the carpet store of Hollister & Phelps until 1869; after that date 
he managed his present business until he went into partnership with 
his brother. He was charter member of Co. "A," 1st Regiment 
Illinois National Guards, and served for eight and a half years, two 
years and a half of which time he was captain of the company. 
He was married on October 17, 1876, to Miss Isadora Berry, 
daughter of William M. Berry, of Hyde Park, by whom he has 
two children, Grace and William N. He is a member of St. 
Mark's Episcopal Church. 

Edward P. Buchanan, junior member of the firm, was born 
in Chicago, on August 21, 1853. After completing his studies in 
school, was a clerk for Hollister & Phelps in their carpet store, and 
for the New York Life Insurance Company, until 1872, when he 
clerked for his brother James until they engaged in business to- 
gether. He was a member of Co. "A," 1st Regiment Illi- 
nois National Guards for five years. He was married, on October 
II, iSSi, to Imogene Fowler, daughter of B. Fowler, of the Board 
of Trade of this city. 

STREET LAMPS. At the time of the fire, 2,162 lamp- 
posts were so injured, that $33,000 was required to 
repair them. In 1884, there were 13,693 gas lamps in 
public use, distributed as follows: West Division, 7,558; 
South Division, 3,586; North Division, 2,549. There 
were 2,677 '' lamps in use. Two gas companies sup- 
plied the city: The People's Company, at $1.50 per 1,000 
cubic feet, and the Chicago Company at $1.00. The 
total cost of maintenance per lamp was $34.92 in the 
West Division, and $23.75 m tne North and South 
divisions. The cost of maintaining oil lamps per 
annum was $16.80 for each lamp. The aggregate ex- 
pense of lighting the city for the year was $448,251.15, 
of which $239,516.06 was paid to the People's Com- 
pany and $136,639.01 to the Chicago Company. The 



128 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



total number of cubic feet of gas consumed was 
189,901,280. 

C, is Sri'iM.v. The business of gas production, like 
most other commercial enterprises, is full of statistical 
ires illustrative of the phenomenal growth of popu- 
lation and the enlargement of every channel of com- 
merce in the city. In 1871, with 135 miles of mains 
laid, the consumption of coal by the original gas com- 
pany was less than 50,000 tons per annum. In 1875, the 
Consumption was 72,000 tons, and, in 1885, the amount 
pun-based for the estimated consumption of the year 
was 1 20,000 tons. 1 Hiring the year immediately follow- 
ing the great lire comparatively few mains were laid, 
but the company made many new improvements in the 
ess of production. At' the time of the fire the 
North-side works, on Hawthorn Avenue, were half com- 
pleted. These works, by great exertion, were saved from 
destruction, and were subsequently completed at a total 
cost of $600,000. In 1873, the company bought a site 
at the foot of Deering Street, in Bridgeport, and put up 
new works to supply the southwestern part of the city, 
at a cost of $150,000. These outlying works, while be- 
ing independent, are all connected with each other and 
with the business district by large mains, so that, in case 
of accident at any one station, the main supply will not 
be shut off. In 1871, the price of gas was $3 per 1,000 
feet, and it remained at about this figure until the fall 
of 1883, when competition by new companies brought 
it down to $1.25. 

The following statement shows the annual and total 
extension of the system of mains since 1871: 



Year. 

1871 


Miles. 
135 


Year. 
1878 


Miles. 
186 


1872 

i -"; 


--- -140 

148 





19' 

194 


[874 


165 


1881 


202 


1875 







216 


1876 


182 


1883 .. -. 


220 


1877... 


..184 


1884-- 


..225 



THE CHICAI.O GAS-LIGHT AMI COKK ('<>MI'\NY was organized 
on October 16, 1849, and chartered under the laws of the State of 
Illinois on February 12, following. The original officers were but 
two, F. C. Sherman, president, and N. B. Judd, secretary. The 
first board of directors was composed of the following-named gen- 
tlemen : George Smith, Thomas Dyer, Mark Skinner, F. C. Sher- 
man, Franklin l.ee, Joseph Keen, George F. Lee, John Lee and 
lames C. Burtis. The present officers are E. T. Watkins, presi- 
dent ; Theodore Forstall, first vice-president and superintendent ; 
Jerome Beecher, second vice-president ; James C. liurtis,* treas- 
urer; and Theodore B. Wells, secretary. The following gentlemen 
constitute the present board of directors: E. T. Watkins, S. 1!. 
|. Beecher, I'. L. Yoe, J. A. Brown, Jr., Albert Keep, 
Theodore Forstall, J. X. Jewett and Byron L. Smith. The 
original works were located on Monroe Street, near Market Street. 
These were destroyed in the fire of 1871, but were re-built at once. 
In addition, two more stations were also built, the immense growth 
of the city demanding increased facilities. One of these is on 
North Branch Canal, near Division Street, and one on Cologne 
Street, in Bridgeport. This was Chicago's first gas company, and 
it has grown with the growth of the city it has lighted for so many 
. until now they have some two hundred and twenty miles of 
mains. 

THE ILLINOIS STRKKT-GAS COMTANY was organized in Rock 
Island, 111., in 1876, under the corporate laws of the State of Illi- 
nois, with Doctor Calvin Truesdale, of Rock Island, as president, 
and (. S. ISutler, of Chicago, as secretary and treasurer, the capi- 
tal stock at that time being $40,000. The company was organized 
for the purpose of lighting the streets of town and cities, by con- 
tract, with a special lamp devised to generate its own gas from 
naphtha, the lamp being covered by a patent belonging to the com- 
pany. In 1*79, Doctor Truesdale resigned, and William P. Butler 

;ne the president. The company has gradually expanded its 
facilities and its field, until, in addition to the original business of 
naphtha-gas lighting, it is engaged in the manufacture of all kinds 
nf street lamps, besides dealing in all the illuminating ami lubri- 
vating oils. This company has nmv about three thousand street 



* Mr. liurtis has occupied Ui< p 



t i if 1 1 



r fur thirty-five years. 



light- in the City of Chicago; some seven hundred in Springfield, 
III.; live hundred in Peoria, 111.; and many more in some fifty other 
cities and towns in the West. The shops are at No. So Van Buren 
Street, with branches at Springfield anil Peoria. The main office 
is at No. 87 Jackson Street. In February, 1885, the capital stock 
of the company was increased to 100,000. 

WlUJAM PATTERSON llrn.lCR, president of the Illinois Street- 
Gas Company of Chicago, was born at Louisville, Ky., in 1843. 
In 1862, he was appointed a cadet at the United States Military 
Academy at West Point. In June, 1866, he graduated, and was 
promoted in the army to Second Lieutenant of Ordnance, and as- 
signed to duty at the Rock Island Arsenal, at Rock Island, 111. 
There he remained on duty until 1871, when he resigned from 
the army, and became president of the Rock Island Cotton Man- 
ufacturing Company, and also president of the Rock Island Glass 
Works. In 1877, and again in 1878, he was elected mayor of the 
citv. In 1879, he removed to Chicago, and has since been connected 
with the gas company of which he is the president. In 1869, he 
was married, in Rock Island, to Miss Florence Rodman, daughter 
of the late General T. J. Rodman, Chief of Ordnanceof the United 
States Army, and the inventor of the famous " Rodman gun." They 
have three children, Florence, Martha and Lucinda. Mr. Butler is 
a member of the Illinois Commandery of the Military Order of the 
Loyal Legion of the United Stales. 

CAPTAIN JONATHAN SI.I.HV HI/TLER, secretary and treasurer of 
the Illinois Street-Gas Company, was born on February 7, 1840, at 
Louisville, Ky., and was educated in the public and private schools 
of that city. In 1857, he began the study of the law with Judge 
|ohn II. liiitler, of Indiana, in Louisville. In 1861, on the outbreak 
of the Civil War, he laid down his law books and promptly enlisted 
as a private in the I3th Kentucky Volunteer Infantry. He rose 
rapidly to the grade of sergeant-major, and, in the spring of 1862, 
was commissioned adjutant of his regiment Almost immediately 
afterward he was detailed as acting assistant adjutant-general of a 
cavalry division, commanded by General J. W. Foster, who subse- 
quently was United States minister to Mexico and to Spain. In 
June, 1863, he was on duty as acting assistant adjutant-general and 
chief of staff to Brigadier General E. H. Hobson, commanding 
the cavalry brigade which captured the Confederate General John 
1 1. Morgan, in Ohio. Immediately after this raid, Lieutenant But- 
ler was ordered to Tennessee as acting assistant adjutant-general 
to General Girard, commanding Foster's cavalry division. Lieu- 
tenant Butler was present at the siege of Knoxville, Tennessee, and, 
in the spring of 1864, was ordered to Lexington, Ky. While there 
he was appointed by President Lincoln and commissioned to be 
assistant adjutant-general U. S. Volunteers, with the rank of cap- 
tain. He served in Louisville on special duty, under orders from the 
War Department, under the direction of General John M. Palmer, 
until June, 1865, when, at his own request, he was honorably 
mustered out of the service. He was thereafter admitted to the 
Bar, and began the practice of the law in Louisville, and later at 
Salem, Ind. In 1882, he gave up the law, came to Chicago, and 
connected himself with the Illinois Street-Gas Company. Captain 
Butler was married, in 1868, to Miss Addie Percise, of Salem, Ind. ; 
they have one son, Paul. Captain Butler is a member of Salem 
Lodge, No. 21, A.F.& A.M., and of Salem Post, G.A.R. Atone time 
he was Commander of the Southern District of Indiana, G.A.R. 

CORNELIUS KINGSLEY GARRISON BILLINGS, vice-president of 
the People's Gas-Light and Coke Company, of Chicago, was born 
at Saratoga, N. Y., on September 17, 1861. He is the son of Al- 
bert M. Billings, the president and founder of this Company, and 
who has been a resident of Chicago for over a quarter of a century. 
Cornelius Billings was educated at Racine College in Wisconsin, 
where he was graduated with distinction in 1882, Returning to 
his home in Chicago, he at once was made superintendent of the 
Company, and two years afterward, in April, 1884, he was elected 
its vice-president by the unanimous vote of the directors, a high 
tribute to the enterprise and ability of Mr. Billings, who is a com- 
paratively young man to hold such a position of trust and responsi- 
bility. His office is at the headquarters of the Company, at No. 39 
South Ilalsted Street. . 

BRIDGES AND VIADUCTS. In 1871, the Department 
of Bridges and Viaducts was subject to the Board of 
Public Works. The fire made great havoc with the 
papers of this Department, and besides destroyed prop- 
erty under its control aggregating $204,310, including 
damages to abutments, center-piers and protections. 
Eight bridges and two viaducts were swept away, being 
the Rush, State, Clark and Wells-street bridges, over 
the Main Branch ; the Chicago-avenue, over the North 
Branch ; and the Adams, Van Buren and Folk-street 
bridges, over the South Branch of the river. The via- 
ducts over the railway tracks at State and Wells streets 



CORPORATE HISTORY. 



129 



were destroyed, and that at Adams Street seriously 
damaged. The Department at once set to work to re- 
place the structures destroyed, and the record of the 
ensuing year is a most interesting and progressive one. 
The work accomplished is given in detail in Volume 
II. of this History. The cost of maintaining the bridges 
and viaducts, including bridge - tenders' salaries, for 
1871-72, was $57,332.28. During the year, a new iron 



the re-built bridges were provided with stone center- 
piers and abutments, except that at Chicago Avenue, 
which was combination in superstructure and stone 
center-pier. 

Between March, 1872, and March, 1873, the work of 
re-building was completed, and many new improve- 
ments made. Both sides of the bridge-approaches at 
Rush, Clark, Wells and Halsted streets, and the north 




ADAMS-STREET BRIDGE. 



viaduct was constructed over the tracks of the Pittsburgh, 
Fort Wayne & Chicago Railway Company, at Randolph 
Street, a very durable and substantial structure ; and 
the old wooden bridge at South Halsted Street, built in 
1860, was torn down and reconstructed. 

The same year new center protections were added 
at Rush and Lake-street bridges. The new stone abut- 
ment on pile foundations at the south approach to Clark- 
street bridge, and the derrick and scaffoldings, were 
destroyed by the fire. The same kind of loss, including 
center-piers, protections, houses, turn-tables, tools, boats 
and scows, was met at other bridges. Five of the eight 
bridges destroyed were combination-plan bridges, with 
patent iron turn-tables, and all were new structures, 
built within three years, except that at Clark Street. 
State and Wells-street bridges were of the wooden Howe 
truss, and Rush-street was a wooden superstructure, 
with center pier and abutments of stone. The total 
cost of general repairs for the year was $24,142.75. All 
9 



approach at State, 462 feet, and the east approach at 
Adams, 316 feet, were paved with new block pavement. 
The year closed with a record of twenty-seven bridges 
and eleven railway viaducts, all in excellent condition. 
During this year the Board of Public Works enforced the 
ten-minutes' rule for the opening and closing of bridges. 
The repair and salary expenses of the Department 
amounted to $59,255.32 ; repairs and supplies being 
$24,606.27. Seven new bridges and three viaducts 
were constructed, the total cost of the former, up to 1873, 
being $526,951, and of the latter, $189,573. All the 
bridges of the year had stone center-piers, except South 
Halsted, which was made of piles ; and all had iron 
superstructures except that at Chicago Avenue, which 
was on the combination-plan with iron turn-table. The 
following is a detailed account of these structures : 

Rush-street bridge, built by the Detroit Bridge Company ; iron 
superstructure ; draw, 211 feet; width of roadway, 18 feet; side- 
walk, 6 feet ; height of roadway above city datum, 20 feet ; cost of 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



supci - ter and side protections, ^6,890,40 ! 

total cost, - .On An-ust j.s, 1872, the steam. -i " 

Laurie" collided with the bridge, causing a damage not repaired 
until September 25. I>72. 

Adams-street bridge, built by the Keystone Bridge Company ; 
iron superstructure; length of draw, 163 feet: width of roadway, 
is feet; sidewalk, d feet: height of roadway, 24 feet: cost of 
superstructuu . |l4,88o; substructure. $8,(x> : dimension masonry 
for pier and abutment, $12,91 1.. so ; approach walls, $8,050; total 
10.84. 

Smith Halsted-Streel i ' structure of tubular wrought 

iron, built by tli gth of draw, 150 

feet; road- ; : sidewalk, d feet ; height ol loailway, 19^ 

feet ; cost of superstructure, $[(>,2ld.ui ; total COSt, Si 7o<" - (l1 

-o-avcnue bridge, superstructure of the combination 
Howe truss, built by Fox \ Howard ; draw, 175 feet ; roadway, 18 
feet; sidewalk, 6 'feet ; height of roadway, U)>4 feet; cost, 

7.22. 

Polk-strcet bridge, superstructure tubular wrought iron; a swing 

lure, built by the King Iron liridgc Company; draw, 154 
feet; roadway, is feet; sidewalk. 6 feet ; height of roadway, I<)<4 
feet ; cost of superstructure, sio.d'js ; substructure, $6,750; dimen- 
sion masonry in ceuter-pier and abutments, $11,200; total cost, 
$37,862.27. 

Wells-street bridge, iron superstructure, built by Fox & How- 
ard ; draw. 190 feet ; approach spans, 50 and 62 feet ; roadway, 18 
feet ; sidewalk, 6 feet ; height of roadway, 20 feet ; cost of super- 
structure draw - :,s ( ><>; two approach spans, 7,020; 
substructui' dimension masonry in piers, $10,726 ; total 
^49,002.14. 

State-street bridge and viaduct, built by the Keystone liridge 
Company; substructure of stone, with iron columns to support via- 
duct; draw, 183 feet; north approach span, 38 feet; four viaduct 
spans, 7(1 feet each total, 304 feet ; width of roadway on draw, 18 
feet ; of sidewalk, 6 feet ; viaduct roadways, 22 feet each ; sidewalks, 8 
feet ; height of roadway, 20 feet ; height of viaduct, 24 feet ; cost 
of superstructure draw. $17,300 ; two approach spans, $5,2OO; 
viadu 13; substructure, $14,450; dimension masonry in 

piers and abutments, $12,989.47; curb walls, $8,423.91; total, 
90, 1 14.20. 

\Vells-street viaduct, re-built with iron superstructure; length, 
83 feet; width. So feet; three main anil two sidewalk trusses, with 
iron floor beams; two roadways, each 22'^ feet wide in clear; two 
sidewalks, 16 feet each; height of roadway, 24 feet; built by Key- 
stone bridge Company; cost of superstructure, $12,000; repairing 
walls, $570.0:;; total cost. $12.570.65. 

Clark-street viaduct, over tracks of the Chicago & North- 
Western Railway Company, at the intersection of North Water 
Street; built by the Keystone liridge Company; dimensions same as 
those of the Wells-street viaduct; height of roadway, 24 feet; cost, 
$33.842.43. 

During the year, an iron bridge was also built over the tracks 
of the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne <S: Chicago and Chicago tS: North- 
Western railways, at the intersection of Water and Lake streets, to 
take the place of a wooden viaduct; length, 78.25 feet; width of 
v. 24.04 feet; sidewalks, 7J^ feet. 

During 1873-74, two bridges and two viaducts were completed, 
increasing the number of the structures in the city to forty-two. 
The Clybourn-place bridge, built in 1873, was a superstructure of 
the combination Howe truss, with iron turn-table. Its length was 
140 feet, and cost $13,700. The Thirty-h'fth-street (Douglas Place) 
bridge was a wrought-iron turn-table, combination Howe-truss 
structure; length, 140 feet; cost, $9,800. Several bridges were ex- 
tensively repaired during 1873, courses of timber being added to 
the protections. The repairs aggregated $24.411.51. The new 
abutments and iron approach-spans to Lake-street bridge cost 
827.924.21. The viaduct on Canal Street, crossing Sixteenth 
- -.562.27, toward which the Chicago, Burlington & 
Quincy Railroad Company paid $93,000. It was an iron super- 
structure, 300 feet long and 64 feet wide. The Twelfth-street 
viaduct, over the same company's tracks, cost, inclusive of raising 
buildings to grade, $32,506.48, of which the railroad company paid 
$25,000. It was an iron superstructure, 58 feet in length. 

For the year ending March 31, 1875, the report was as follows: 
Bridge over Ogden Canal; iron superstructure; draw, 228 feet; 
roadway, 18 feet; sidewalk, $'/ feet; cost, $29,945. Randolph 
Street, iron superstructure; draw, 157 feet; roadway, 18 feet; side- 
walks, 7 feet ; cost $10,850. Fullerton Avenue, pile bridge ; 
length, 225 feet; width, 20 feet; cost, $1,490 Viaduct on North 
I lalsted Street, crossing the tracks of the Chicago & North-Western, 
Pittsburgh, St. Louis and Milwaukee t V St. Paul rail- 

ways; length of north span, <i feet; length of open roadway, 150 
feet; two spans, 50 feet eaih; one span, 70 feet; one span, 93 feet; 
two roadways, i dewalks. 12 feet; total width, 62 feet; 

height, 26 feet; cost of substructure, $36,179.77; superstructure, 



$51,428; raising buildings to grade, $36,990.24; total cost, 
$125,683.01, of Which the railway companies paid $87,607.77. 
During the year, the crossways of Lake and Kinzie-street bridges 
were re-planked, and the Western-avenue bridge was lowered seven 
feet, at a cost of $1,000. The repair account of the Department 
amounted to $26,000.22. 

This left the bridge record with thirty-one draw and 
two pile structures, of which eighteen were combina- 
tion, ten iron, three wood, and two piers. 

From March I, to December 31, 1875, the Department built 
sexiial new brick bridge-houses, and re-planked nine bridges and 
live viaducts, the repair expense being $21,175.43. The Madison- 
street bridge was completed. It was an iron superstructure; draw, 
156.4 feet; roadway, 18 feet; sidewalks, 6 feet; whole width, 33 
feet ; cost of superstructure, $11,495; repairs on substructure, 
$3,505; total cost of bridge, $15,000. 

On September 19, 1876, the commissioners of the 
Board of Public Works retired from office, the ordinance 
passed by the City Council on September 18 having 
abolished the Board, and vested its power, duty and 
authority in the Mayor. George W. Wilson was made 
superintendent of streets, bridges, and public buildings. 

The general repairs during the year on bridges amounted to 
$15,864.85, and on viaducts to $3,984.35. Indiana-street bridge 
was overhauled, and five bridges were re-planked. During a gale, 
May 5, 1876, the Fuller-street bridge, a wooden structure erected 
in 1865, at a cost of $7,500, was destroyed. Two large viaducts 
were completed this year, with details as follows: Over Blue Island 
Avenue, at Throop Street, over the tracks of the Chicago & North- 
Western and Chicago, Burlington & (Quincy railways, the south part 
of which was of wrought-iron truss-girders, those on Blue Island 
Avenue being 66 feet long and 7J^ feet high, forming two road- 
ways. 8 and 7 feet wide; north part supported by 14 wrought-iron 
plate-girders, each 46 feet long, 28 inches deep; substructure, Cox 
iiros., contractors; superstructure, Keystone Bridge Company; via- 
duct begun, October 15, 1875; completed, August 25, 1876; total 
-102,173.99. 

Milwaukee-avenue viaduct, over the tracks of the Chicago & 
North-Western, Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul and Pittsburgh, Chi- 
cago & St. Louis railway companies ; width of roadway on Milwau- 
kee avenue, 42 feet, two sidewalks, 8J^ feet wide ; on Desplaines 
street, roadway, 48 feet wide, two sidewalks, 8^ feet wide. On 
Milwaukee avenue, one span 94 feet long, one 71, and one 6oJ^; 
two roadways, 36 feet wide. On Desplaines street, one truss span, 71 
feet ; two spans, 42 feet ; two roadways, 21 feet. The south part 
was built by the American Bridge Company, and the north part by 
the Leighton Bridge Company. This viaduct was opened for travel 
May 25, 1876, and was the largest and most expensive in the city, 
costing $140,371. 55. 

The year ending December 31, 1877, there were six- 
teen viaducts in the city, all of iron except two, and 
costing $615,339.55. There were thirty-two draw or 
pivot bridges in use, all iron or combination except two. 
Four new bridges were built during the year, as follows: 

Fuller Street, to replace one destroyed by storm, a combination 
draw or pivot structure ; completed August 4, 1877, at a cost of 
$4,210 ; swing and turn-table, by G. W. James, contractor ; length, 
127 feet ; roadway, 16.5 feet ; width over all, 19.5 feet. 

North Avenue, combination swing bridge and turn-table ; 
Conro, Starke & Co., contractors ; begun, August 28, 1877 ; com- 
pleted in January, 1878; cost, $7,149; length, 150 feet ; roadway, 
17 feet ; sidewalk, 4 feet ; width over all, 29 feet. 

North Halsted Street, new combination and turn-table swing 
bridge ; W. B. Howard, contractor ; begun, June 22, 1877 ; com- 
pleted October 8, 1877; cost, $4,190; length, 140 feet; roadway, 
17 feet ; width over all, 20 feet. 

This year also saw the final completion of the Har- 
rison-street structure, which had been delayed by land- 
condemnation cases. This litigation being adjusted, 
work was pushed on the bridge, which was a wrought- 
iron and turn-table swing structure. 

The American Bridge Company, who were the contractors, 
began work June 22, 1875, and completed the bridge October 23, 
1877. It is 175 feet long ; roadway, 19 feet ; sidewalks, 4.10 feet ; 
width over all, 31 feet ; cost, $4!, 848. 51. The repair account of the 
Department for the year amounted to $20,322.14. 

In 1878, the repair account amounted to $19,917.07, of which 
2 , 585-33 was on viaducts. On May 10, proposals were received 



CORPORATE HISTORY. 



for a viaduct over the tracks of the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne A: Chi- 
cago and Chicago, Alton & St. Louis railway companies, at F.igh- 
teenlh Street. The Keystone Bridge Company commenced work 
on the superstructure August 3, 1878. James Clowry contracted for 
the substructure at $15,215.16. The total cost was 820, 409,16, of 
which the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne & Chicago Railway Company 
paid $14, ooo. This viaduct, the seventeenth in the city, was opened 
for travel in December of the same year. In September, the city 
and the Town of Lake View jointly constructed a pivot bridge at 
the north city limits, at Fullerton Avenue. The contract was 
awarded to [. W. Sawin & Co., October I, 1877, the bridge being 
completed January 19, 1878, at a two-thirds cost to the city of 
$2,970.50. It was 125 feet long; roadway, 17. 4 feet; width over 
all, 20 feet. The Eighteenth-street viaduct, at Lumber Street, over 
the tracks of the Piltsbugh, Fort Wayne & Chicago and Chicago, 
Alton iV St. Louis railways, was begun August I, 1878, and com- 
pleted December 18, at a cost of $10,403.43 for the substructure, 
and a total cost of $17,196.56. The bridge at Fullerton Avenue 
was re-built in this year, being 225 feet long, with a 
roadway 20 fret wide, at a cost of $1,490. 

The Eighteenth-street viaduct was put in opera- 
tion February 7, 1879. This was a wrought-iron 
superstructure, costing $11,194, with two spans; 
truss-girders over the tracks, 142 feet long ; road- 
way, 20 feet wide ; sidewalks, 6 feet wide. The 
Kedzie-avenue bridge, wrought-iron single span, 
over the canal, was completed March I, the Town 
of Cicero bearing a portion of the expense. It was 
built by the Masillon Bridge Company. In January, 
1879, a foot-bridge was placed over the south end 
of the LaSalle-street tunnel, and a wooden bridge 
was built at Lock Street by the Canal Commission- 
ers, at the expense of the State. 

In 1880,* the flooring of the viaduct at Adams 
Street was reconstructed, at a cost of $2,537. -\n 
addition was made to the Milwaukee-avenue viaduct, 
by which the end at Milwaukee Avenue was length- 
ened to 680 feet by 59 feet wide; and at Desplaines 
Street to 472 feet long and 65 feet wide. Three 
nearly equal spans, 1 73 !/j' feet each, were constructed 
on Milwaukee Avenue, and three spans, 125 feet 
each, on Desplaines Street. The work began May 
24, and was completed October 6, at a cost of 
$27,365, which the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul 
Railway Company paid. This brought the total 
cost of the viaduct to $296,043, of which the rail 
roads paid $131,878. The showing to iSSi ex 
hibited viaducts costing $778,908.86, of which rail- 
road companies had paid $333,432, eleven having 
been constructed since 1871. The proportion showed 
an expense of four-sevenths of the total cost borne 
by the city. 

The expenditures tor repairs to bridges and viaducts, in 1881, 
reached the unusually large sum of $95,030.81. At this time nine 
of the city bridges were crossed by street railways. A new bridge 
ol wrought-iron riveted Warren 'girders was begun in 1881, at 
\\ estern Avenue, over the Illinois and Michigan Canal, the floods 
of the spring having swept away the original wooden structure at 
that place. This bridge had a 'span nS feet, a roadway 18 feet, 
and cost $6,921.20. The Massillon Bridge Company were the con- 
tractors. The approaches to Randolph-street bridge were re-built. 



In 1882, the repair account was $67,363.93. On July 25, the 
Polk-street viaduct was begun, the contractors being the Centra! 
Bridge Company. It had two spans, and was 173 by 22 feet, with 
two sidewalks 5^ feet wide. The structure carried a moving load 
of 3,000 pounds to the lineal foot of the bridge, in addition to a 
dead load of 15 tons. The trusses were 22 feet, arid the weight 
per lineal foot 3,490 pounds. Its total cost was $115, 009. 49, the 
expense being paid entirely by the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy 
Railway Company. 

In 1883, the bridge repairs aggregated $64,970.01. A new 
bridge was built this year over the West Fork of the river, at Ashland 
Avenue, with a span of 160 feet, and one roadway 2O'/ 2 feet wide, 
the contractors being the Detroit Bridge Works, and the cost 
$10,500. On November 22, the schooners "Granger" and "Aug. 
Parker," and the steam-barge " Business," colliding at Rush-st tvn 
bridge while the structure was swung on the center protection, a 
center post was displaced and the bridge broken in two. On Sep- 
tember 28, the schooner " David Vance " struck the west abutment 





and the trusses of Lake-street bridge widened at the expense of the 
West Division Street Railway Company. Two new viaducts were 
constructed, the details of which were as follows : Viaduct at Six- 
teenth and Halsted streets, contracted for May 24, 1881, and com- 
pleted October 25. It had two iron spans, each 88 > feet'; roadway 
MJ4 feet ; sidewalks, 8 feet ; 57 latticed trusses; Leighton Bridge 
Works and Rust & Coolidge, contractors. The total cost was 
$96,419.30, of which the railroad companies paid $76,567.55. The 
Sangamon-street viaduct was begun on August 20, 1881, Cun- 
ningham & Keepers, contractors, at cost of $98,977.03,' the railroads 
to pay $48,847.79. There were five spans, 36, 172^, 99^, 
<)$'/$ and 52 feet, respectively ; width, 38 feet over all roadway 
18 feet. 

i *j" 'H' y 9 ' l88o -. the Cit X Council passed the ordinance to keep the bridges 
closed one hour, morning and evening. 



RUSH-STREET BRIDGE. 



of Adams-street bridge, and carried away the east span of the viaduct 
and a portion of the bridge. 

The expense for repairs to bridges in 1884 was $53,344.54; 
total for bridges and viaducts, $60,368.10. During this year was 
begun the construction of the Rush-street bridge, the largest swing- 
bridge known, 240 by 59 feet, supporting a weight of 657 tons. In 
July a formal test was made by experts, and the new steam machin- 
ery was approved. The south approach caved in during the erec- 
tion of the structure, the pressure of the earth also carrying down a 
small brick building. The cost of the bridge was $138,019.85. 

The viaduct over the tracks of the Chicago & North-Western 
Railway at Halsted Street and Chicago Avenue, begun November 
26, 1883, was completed November 23, 1884, the cost, exclusive of 
land damages, being $285,334.41, of which the railway company 
paid $135,696.50. The Centre-avenue viaduct, over the tracks of 
the Chicago & North-Western and Chicago, Burlington & Quincy 
railways, begun March 18, was completed December 13. It was a 
superstructure of four spans, 409 by 58 feet, the weight of the iron 
work being 604 tons, and cost, exclusive of land, $152,730.12, of 
which the Chicago & North-Western Railway paid $19,580.90, and 
the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railway $28,086.38. The new 
viaduct over the tracks of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy and 
Chicago, Pittsburgh & Fort Wayne railways, at Twelfth Street, was 
completed, at a cost of $607,945.42. There was a single span, 140 
by 56 feet, of the cost which was $31,861.04, of which the Chicago, 
Burlington & Quincy Railway paid $24,306.84. The total length 
of bridge approaches in substructure was 7,383 feet, of which 6,065 
feet consisted of masonry. The total length of iron work in sub- 
structure was 1,704 feet, and the weight was 1,314,000 pounds. 
The city paid $400,275.29 of the cost of this viaduct, and the rail- 
way companies 207,670.13. A new viaduct was also begun at 
Erie Street, extending west from the river, 459 by 38 feet, to 
cost $45,000. 

The following bridges were in operation in 1884 : 



132 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



MAIN BRANCH. 



Street. 


Length. 


Width. 


Material. 


When 

built. 


Rush 


2dO 


CQ 


iron 


[884 


State . . . 


184 


36 


iron 


1873 


Clark 


I 80 


*,7'< 


combination 


1872 


Wells 


TOO 


3C I/ 


iron 


1872 













SOUTH 



Street. 


Length. 


width. 


Material. 


When 
built. 


Lake .. .. 


i8< 






1859 










1864 






iii/ 




l8s7* 


Adams 


1 60 


-12 




1872 


\ ,in Buren 


16^ 






1872 










1877+ 


I'olk .. .. 


I ^J. 


T! 




1872 


Twelfth 


2O2 


^23/ 




1 868 










1868 


'1 \vcnty-second 


2IO 


-12 




1871 


Archer Avenue (Ogden Slip) 
South Ilalsted 


H5 
IgO 


4" 
3l!^ 


combination 


1871 
1872 


Main ........ 


IC2 


2Q 




1868 













*Main structure re-built in 1875. 

NORTH 



tBegun in 1872. 



Street. ' 


I ,rMi;i h. 


Width. 


Material. 


When 

built. 


Kinzie 


I7O 


M'A 




1870 


Indiana 


TO 1 * 






I goo 


Erie .. 








1871 


Chicago Avenue . ._ 


1 75 


12 !4 




1872 


X. H.iUted and River 
X. Ilalsted and Canal 
Division and River 


140 

228 
1 80 


20 

32 
20 


combination 
combination 


1 866 
1874 
1869 


Division and Canal 


176 






1870 


North Avenue 


icn 






I ^<>~ 


Clybourn Place 






. ' . 


,2-1 


Fullerton Avenue . 


12^ 



















SOUTH FORK OF SOUTH BRANVII. 



Street. 


Length. 


Width. 


Material. 


When 

built. 


Fuller 


127 


TO \4 






Archer __ 




28 3/ 


, . 




Douglas .. 




2Tl/ 










* L /3 




1574 



WEST FORK OF SOUTH BRANCH. 



Street. 


Length. 


Width. 


Material. 


When 

built. 


Ashland Avenue . 




20 14 






Western Avenue 


Il8 


18 

















Ai I:\AM.KR KIKKI.AND, commissioner of the Department of 
I ubltc Buildings, is a sturdy, educated Scotchman, and his life ex- 
perience has well qualified him to perform his duties. Born in Kilbar- 
chen, Renfrewshire, Scotland, on September 24, 1824, his father had 
already been retired on account of wounds he had received as a cap- 
tain under Wellington at Waterloo. He also served under that great 
commander in the Peninsular campaign. Captain James Kirkland 
died m 1859. Young Kirkland attended the parish school of his 
neighborhood, finally entering the high school at (llasgow and sub- 
sequently the college, from which he graduated in iS 44 I ) U rin e 
his collegiate course, Mr. Kirkland had commenced the study of 
architecture and engineering, and, after completing his-studies he 
fully practiced his profession for over twenty years ' In 
.68, he came to this country, locating in Jefferson County Wis 



Three years afterward he removed to Chicago, and, in May, 1879, 
was appointed commissioner of public buildings. Mr. Kirkland 8 
first wife, lane Hewittson, died in 1847. In 1855, he married 
\li - Kli/.a "Maria Kirkland, a second cousin. His two sons by his 
first wife are R. IS. Kirkland, for four years district attorney of 
Jefferson County, and who has just formed a partnership with 
Congressman James 11. Ward ; and James K., the assistant inan- 
atuT of the machine shops of the Grand Trunk Railroad, at Port 
Huron, Mich. Jeannette Law, daughter by the present marriage, 
is now the wife of William Edgar, secretary of the Building I )e- 
partment. At present Mr. Kirkland is not connected with any se- 
cret society in this city, but while a resident of Scotland was a prom- 
inent member of the Masonic fraternity, and past-master of a flour- 
ishing lodge. He has been a member of the St. Andrew's Society 
since his arrival here, is an active worker in that body, and has 
three times been its president. 

DAVID S. MKAD, secretary of the Department of Public Works, 
was born at Tarrytown, Westchester Co., N. Y., on July 13, 
1827. His father, K/ra Mead, was one of the early settlers of Tar- 
rytown, and fought through the war of 1812. His mother was 
Elizabeth Van Wert, whose family was identified with the capture 
of Major Andre during the struggle of 1776. Mr. Mead com- 
menced his education at a select school, erected on the spot made 
historical by the execution of Andre. In 1836, his family removed 
to Orleans County, where his education was completed. In 1854, 
he moved to Buffalo, and was engaged in steamboating during the 
life of the passenger steamers plying between Buffalo, Cleveland, 
Toledo and Detroit, after which he entered the employ of the To- 
ledo, Wabash & Western Railroad, having charge of the freight 
and ticket business at the western terminus of the line, then located 
at State Line City, Ind. He came to this city in 1865, holding im- 
portant positions with the Merchants' Insurance Company of Chicago. 
He entered the employ of the city in 1867, and was assigned to duty 
in the Special Assessment Department. In August, 1876, he was ap- 
pointed secretary of the Board of Public Works, under the administra- 
tion of Mayor Rice, which position he still holds. Not being a par- 
tisan, he possesses the confidence and esteem of all political parties. 
Mr. Mead was married in October, 1850, to Miss Adelia L. Munn, 
daughter of Abner Munn, a well-known farmer of Orleans County, 
X. V., and has two children, Morton E. and Walter W. Al- 
though educated a strict sectarian, Mr. Mead is progressive and lib- 
eral in his religious ideas, and was among the first, with his family, 
to join in the organization of the Central Church Society of Chi- 
cago, of which he is now an officer. 

JOHN M. BROWN, of the Bureau of Streets, Department of 
Public Works, was born in Chicago on March 15, 1858. He isa son 
of the late Hugh Brown, a builder and contractor, who settled here 
in the forties. Mr. Brown has held the position he now occupies 
since 1879, and to him is due the credit of compiling the street-pav- 
ing statistics, published in the second volume of this History. His 
integrity and close attention to duty have won for him high encomi- 
ums from his superiors in the municipal government. 

WATER DEPARTMENT. The Water Department of 
the Board of Public Works suffered more severely in 
1871, than any other branch of the supply service in the 
city. The fire of October 9 reached the Chicago pump- 
ing works at 3 o'clock Monday morning, and, although 
the walls of that structure were but slightly injured, the 
roof, floors, and other portions of the building were en- 
tirely destroyed. The water-tower was unharmed and 
the machinery only slightly damaged. The loss on the 
buildings and machinery was $75,000. The machine- 
shop, a substantial brick structure, 50 x 120 feet, was 
almost a total loss. The damage to the North and 
South division reservoirs amounted to $20,000, and their 
use was permanently discontinued. Some 15,000 water 
service pipes were melted and damaged, and a serious 
loss of water ensued. Great trouble was caused by 
de'bris covering the supply pipes and by the loss of 
water books. 

The repairs to hydrants in the burned district aggre- 
gated $10,000, and 370 water meters were repaired and 
re-set at a cost of $6,000. On account of the immense 
waste of water, the amount pumped for six months end- 
ing April i, 1872, was larger than at any other corre- 
sponding period in the history of the city, this loss of 
water costing the city $97,410. A set of water maps, 
showing the location of water mains, and the drawing 
of the details of the construction of the lake tunnel, were 



CORPORATE HISTORY. 



133 



destroyed. This latter, a record of one of the most im- 
portant works ever undertaken by the city, received a 
prize medal at the Paris exposition of 1867. Numerous 
other papers and records in the engineer's office were 
burned, only a portion of some plat books being saved. 
The entire loss at the works was $248,910. 

During 1871-72 no considerable amount of improve- 
ments were made, attention being mainly directed to 
the forwarding of work already commenced, and the 
repairing of the fire damage. The injunction suit, 
which had stayed the commencement of the new lake 
tunnel for eighteen months, was decided in favor of the 
city, and Steel & McMahon were awarded the contract 
for this work, which they commenced on July 12, 1872, 
with a limit for its completion fixed at July i, 1874. 
The old tunnel of 1867 needed no repair, but the water 
works machine-shop was re-constructed as before. The 
engine-'Of 1867 was put in operation October 17, that of 
1857, November 10, and that of 1853, November 30; but 
being insufficient, in their operation, to the augmented 
needs of the city, a new engine was procured. This 
was put in place, except the setting of the boilers and 
the perfecting of the water and steam connections. Its 
adoption was found necessary immediately after the fire, 
the old engines, despite the fact that several factories 
near the river, private wells and artificial lakes had 
supplied some of the demand, forcing only a medium 
head of water. 

In 1871-72 the quantity of water delivered was 8,423,890,966 
gallons, being an increase of 497,206,126 gallons over the previous 
year. There were 91,129 feet of pipes laid, costing $316,165.19, 
making 287 miles and 3,581 feet then laid, 3,153 1456-2000 tons of 
pipe being purchased; 115 fire hydrants were erected, making a 
total in use of 1,667, an d 3, l $7 ta P s were made. The receipts from 
all water assessments and taxes were $445,834.64; total income to 
April I, 1872, $4,127,419.32. The total cost of additions to the 
works for the year was $432,719.29, the State appropriating funds 
for the January interest on the bonded debt. To the date named, 
including work then in progress, the total expenses of the water 
works were $4, 712, 615.18; paid for by 6 per cent, bonds, $1,030,000; 
7 per cent., $3,790,000; making $4,820,000, less discount and cash, 
S953.5i7.88; amount of one mill tax of 1871, $289,746.47; balance 
from water rents, $556,386.59. The cost of delivering water in 
1872, per million gallons, was $12.02. 

During 1872, the Board of Public Works purchased 
a lot of ground on Canal A, at the intersection of Ash- 
land and Blue Island avenues, containing 133,792 
square feet, upon which it was designed to erect a new 
pumping works to supply the southwestern portion of 
the city. The new water-tunnel running to the crib, 
and thence by a land tunnel across the city, was to sup- 
ply these works, and on this tunnel work was com- 
menced on the shore end July 12, 1872, at the crib end 
October 2. The new engine at the water works, de- 
signed by Chief-Engineer Cregier, and constructed by 
the Knapp Fort Pitt Foundry Works, was completed 
and started to supply water to the city through a 36- 
inch main pipe on November 27, 1872. This engine com- 
pleted the mechanical equipment of the works most 
perfectly. Its steam cylinders, 70 inches in diameter, 
had a lo-foot stroke, and rested upon plates supported 
by four 9-inch columns extending from lower plates, and 
the working beams were 28 feet, of cast iron, and 
weighed 20 tons each. The main columns were 24 feet 
T l /2 inches from base of pedestal to top of cap, and 
weighed 17 tons each, serving as air vessels, and con- 
nected with the check-valve chamber by 30 inch pipe, 
the water-pumps having a diameter of 57 inches and 
a lo-foot stroke. The upper bed plate was 39 feet, 3^ 
inches long, weight 18 tons, the crank end resting on 



stone foundations, and the fly wheel was 25 feet in 
diameter and weighed 40 tons. There were three 
boilers, each 20 feet long, 12 feet in diameter and 
having sixty-six 5^ inch tubes. This splendid engine 
which, with the boilers, cost $188,400 hag proven its 
value and utility since being put in place, in 1873-74 
pumping 58 per cent, of all the water delivered in the 
city, and during its first six and one-half months' opera- 
tions, with two and one-half million revolutions, pumping 
6,448,000,000 gallons. 

By 1873, a long line of water improvements had been 
consummated, among them the completion of a new 
water tunnel on May 19, it having been commenced on 
January 15, and costing $13,279.70. This was under 
the river near Rush-street bridge. Two shafts, one 84 
feet, at Michigan Avenue, and one of 68 feet, at Pine 
Street, were also sunk, to form a four hundred and 
ninety-two feet drift. The old pipes were broken, and 
this tunnel was increased in dimensions, shafts 8 feet, 
tunnel proper 6 feet in internal diameter, costing 
$13,279.70. 

In July, 1873,1116 Department ordered the commence- 
ment of the land extension of the new lake-tunnel across 
the city to the West pumping works. Working shafts 
were sunk at Illinois, Franklin, Polk and Waller streets, 
and the fire shafts at Erie, Kinzie, Market and Taylor 
streets. The tunnel of 1867 had a capacity of 50,000,000 
gallons, and cost to construct $457,844.95. The new 
one, with which the land extensions noted connected, 
had double this capacity, although its cost was only 
$400,000. On July 7, 1874, the land and water 
structures were both completed, and water turned in the 
water-tunnel, which cost $411,510.16 and the land ex- 
tension $545,000. On October 26, of the same year, Mur- 
phy & Co., Quintard Iron Works, contracted to supply 
the two pumping engines for the West Division pumping 
works designed to cost $243,500, and to have a capacity 
of raising 30,000,000 U. S. gallons 155 feet high every 
24 hours. The new crib structure was completed and 
telegraph cables extended through the tunnel to the 
same from the new pumping works. After the comple- 
tion of the West Division pumping works, two new 
engines were added at that place, making ten engines in 
operation, with a combined capacity of 130,000,000 gal- 
lons daily. By 1884, the water system of the city had 
attained a marvelous perfection and utility. 

For that year the total water delivered reached 29,286,584,465 
gallons, a daily average of 80,017,900 gallons, or about 9 52-100 
per cent, above the average of 1883. The cost of delivery was 
$187,697.46, average cost per million gallons $6.40 90-100. There 
were in use, of water pipes of 4 to 36 inches diameter, 543ji miles; 
total number of valves, 4,022; fire hydrants, 4,616; fire cisterns, 26; 
new house-service taps, 92,133; water meters, 2,685; water motors, 
445. Of the water produced at a cost during 1884 of $202,604.27, 
the North pumping works supplied 15,405,650,785 gallons, with 
six engines, expense $133,250.07, and the West pumping works, 
four engines, 13,880,933,680 gallons, at a cost of $69,354.20. The 
water works receipts were $1,288,941.26, and the total expen- 
ditures, $1,152,044.15. Up to December 31, 1884, the total cost of 
the water works of the city was $10,099,658.07, of which amount 
only $1,020,160.21 was expended previous to 1861, when the works 
were transferred from the water commissioners to the Board of 
Public Works. The total revenue from water rents up to 1885, has 
been $15,530,071.67, the operating expenses and maintenance, in- 
cluding interest ($5,407,008.93) on bonded debt, and bonds 
cancelled being $11,878,555.40; the total surplus over expenses, 
$3,651,516.21. The amount of water furnished up to 1871 was 
43.854,000,000 gallons, revenue $3,423.624.12, average revenue per 
million gallons, $74.53 7-10. 

The following table shows the amount of water 
furnished and revenue received, year by year, since that 
time: 



'34 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



\Yar. 


Millions nf yall.ins 

fanii 


Revenue. 


Krvi'liuc lor 

million gallons 


l87I 


8,423 


$445,834 6 4 


$52 93 


1872 


10,051 


^44,465 90 


54 17 


187-5 


11,723 


708,804 32 


60 46 


l874 


13,903 


705,926 64 


50 77 




IO.957 


196 M 


58 04 




15,346 


771,940 38 


50 30 


1877 


H), "47 


908,509 64 


47 70 


1878 


19,564 


944,190 97 


48 31 


1870 


2O,S57 


922,001 26 


44 85 





21,002 


865,618 35 


41 21 


1881 


23,331 


936,922 07 


40 16 




24,150 


1,049,576 90 


43 46 


1883 


2<>,742 


1,142,868 54 


42 73 


1884 . ... 


29,286 


1,204,338 74 


41 12 











* In 1882, the water in the old tunnel was pumpea "in '""i '" .<* 
made to ascertain its contents and condition. On January 24, City Engineer 
Crejier and others made a personal inspection, and from the shore end to the 
crib found the tunnel without a crack. 



internal diameter and 167 feet high, with a 3o-inch 
branch pipe leading to the discharge mains of the 
engines. S. G. Artingstall designed the engine and 
boiler houses and the tower, Earnshaw & Gobel did the 
masonry work, Gindele Brothers the cut-stone work, and 
the American Bridge Company the iron work. There 
were six boilers, 7 feet long, with 68 four and one-half 
inch tubes in each boiler. In 1876, the extension to 
these works was projected, and was completed for regu- 
lar service in July, 1884, the machinery being similar to 
that used in the main structure, at a cost of $257,500 ; 
the total being $371,681.01. The repairs to engines 
and boilers for eight years, ending with 1884, has been 
$9,640.17. 

In 1884, these pumping works delivered 37,926,048 
gallons per day, under a head of 90.5 feet, and at an 
expenditure of $69,354.20. The number of gallons 
pumped since the works were started, and cost of same, 
are given in the following table : 



Year. 


Gallons pumped. 


Head. 


Cost of repairs of 
engines and boilers. 


Cost of repairs per 
million gallons. 


Cost of coal 
per ton. 


Cost per 

million. 


Cost per million 
one foot high. 


1877 .... 
1878 --.. 
1879 ---- 

tSSl - 

1883 
1884 .- 


7,088,127,000 
8,418,918,000 
9,404,588,000 
^,1.48,673,000 
9,572,845,000 
10,000,750,000 
m.;,76,678.ooo 
13,880,933,680 


109.0 
106.0 
IOI.O 

98-3 
90.0 
88.2 
85.1 
90.5 


Si, 123 61 
583 66 
1,879 7 
366 96 
1,100 18 
854 9 
2.345 &3 
1,285 53 


$0 15 85-100 
06 93-100 
23 19-100 
04 24-100 
II 38-100 
08 64-100 

22 6O-IOO 

09 26 100 


$5 22 
3 67 
2 62 

3 60 
3 60 

3 9 
4 10 

2 96 


$6 66 

5 45 
5 02 

5 15 
5 25 
5 oo 
5 09 
4 96 


$o 06 ii-ioo 

05 14-100 
04 98-100 
05 24-IOO 
05 83-100 

05 68-100 
05 98-100 
05 48-100 



The daily consumption of water per capita, in 1884, averaged 
nearly 1 14 gallons. There were in use at the end of that year, of 



total 2,868,962 feet or 543 1922-5280 miles. 

On July 10, 1874, the Board of Public Works adver- 
tised for two pumping engines, with boilers capable of 
working separately or connected, with a capacity each 
of delivering fifteen million United States gallons of 
water daily, that were to lift above the surface of the 
water in the well 155 feet, and to consume not more 
than 100 pounds of coal per ninety million pounds of 
water raised one foot high. They were to be completed 
by October i, 1875, and to be removed if they failed in 
any of the requirements made. These engines were 
designed for use at the West pumping works on Ash- 
land Avenue, and the stringency of the terms to bid- 
ders was severely criticised at the time. The Quintard 
Iron Works, however, performed the work with A. A. 
Wilson as designing engineer and Henry Mason as 
superintendent of construction. The engines and boil- 
ers cost $243,500. The foundations for the engines 
and buildings were built by William D. Cox, with Wil- 
liam Bryson as engineer in charge. These foundations 
included a weir well, supply and dry well, the land-tun- 
nel being connected with the semi-circular weir well, 26 
feet in diameter, by a branch tunnel 7 feet in diameter. 
The supply-well was 44 feet long and 10 feet wide. 
The foundation was built of large-sized blocks of stone, 
and the engine and boiler-houses were constructed of 
brick, with pressed brick and stone trimmings on front. 
The engine room was 100x66 feet, the tower 190 feet 
high, and the stand-pipe in the tower was five feet 



HERMANN LIEU, formerly superintendent of the Water Depart- 
ment, was born in the canton of Turgau, Switzerland, on May 24, 1826. 
From the year 1845 until the revolution of 1848, in company with 
his elder brother, he followed mercantile pursuits in Paris, France. 
Entering the " Garde Mobile," after the eventful days of February, 
1848, he took part in all the fierce conflicts which raged in the 
streets of the capital. Coming to America in 1851, he engaged in 
business in New York, afterward moving to Boston, and, in 1854, 
to Cincinnati. In 1856, Mr. Lieb located at Decatur, 111. On 
April 15, 1861, two days after the bombardment of Fort Sumter, 
he enlisted as a private in what was subsequently Co. " B," 8th 
Illinois Infantry, under General Richard J. Oglesby. In July of the 
same year he was chosen captain of the company, serving in such 
capacity in the battles of Fort Donelson and Shiloh and the siege 
of Corinth. In the fall of 1862 he became major of the regiment, 
and accompanied Logan's Division to Vicksburg, where he was 
placed in charge of the skirmishers. At the battle of Milliken's 
Bend he received a painful wound in the leg, and obtained a month's 
leave of absence. Returning to his command, under orders from 
General Grant he raised a colored regiment of heavy artillery, whose 
subsequent record was of the best. He was afterward appointed 
inspector-general of the Department of the Mississippi, and was 
brevetted brigadier-general At the close of the War General Lieb 
went to Springfield, where he founded the " Illinois Post." Remov- 
ing to Chicago in 1868, in partnership with Lorenz Brentano he 
started the "Abend Zeitung." Selling his interest in that paper in 
1870, he went to Mississippi with the intention of making his home 
in the South. His German colonization scheme, however, proved 
premature, and failed. General Lieb came again to Chicago and 
founded the " German American." Subsequently he purchased the 
" Union," a German democratic paper, which, as the "Chicago 
Demokrat," is still published. In 1873, he was elected county clerk 
on the people's ticket, being succeeded in November, 1877, by E. 
F. C. Klokke. He assumed charge of the Water Department in 
August, 1879, an d resigned therefrom, on account of political pres- 
sure, in 1885, leaving a most honorable record for rectitude through- 
out his public service. General Lieb was married to Miss Sarah 
Stevens, of Auburn, Maine, on December 2, 1869. 

SEWERAGE SYSTEM. The Sewer Department sus- 
tained a loss of $42,000 by the great fire, mainly con- 



CORPORATE HISTORY. 



135 



fined to injury to catch-basins and man-hole covers. 
This amount also includes the cleansing of sewers and 
basins of debris that accumulated during the con- 
flagration. 

The improvements of 1871 embraced 78,166 feet of sewer laid, 
and an expenditure of $258,664.70. Up to April I, 1872, there had 
been built, sewers in the South Division, 274,701 feet ; West Di- 
vision. 365,426 ; North Division, 210,751 feet ; or over 331 miles of 
sewers. Up to 1884, the showing of the Department was as fol- 
lows : Feet of sewers in use, 413,874; number of catch-basins, 
12,948; man-hole chambers, 14,728. The total number of feet of 
sewers was divided between the several divisions of the city as fol- 
lows : West Division, 224,356 feet; South Division, HS.S 1 ?; 
North Division, 76,201 ; of which 222,840 feet were of brick and 
191,534 feet of vitrified pipe. The cost of construction aggregated 
$6,378,592.20. The total value of the outstanding bonds was 
$2!622,soo, and total interest paid from the beginning of operations 
up to 1885, $4,104,672. By years, the showing of total cost of 
sewers and catch-basins, since 1870, is as follows : 



Year. 


Lineal 
feet of sew- 

rrs built. 


si.j 

s-S.=i 
2 s " 


jj 

^ ~Z J 

IP 
| 


B 

.|s.s 

l-S'fi- 

V.-O a 

o a 


Cost of 
cleaning sew- 
ers and 
catch-basins. 


Cost of 
constructing 
sewers. 


1871 


50,/l6 


277 


357 


3,093 


Sl7,4I5 4<J 


$153,295 30 


1872 


47,342 


245 


341 


1,435 


21,484 16 


173,255 76 


1873 


146,702 


897 


1,015 


4,691 


31,229 27 


450,222 90 


1874 


222,322 


1,054 


1,474 


6,292 


36,929 57 


587,507 38 


1875 


120,971 


958 


789 


3,365 


32,098 23 


342,932 89 


1876 


15,248 


155 


75 


1,172 


29.345 4i 


79,545 28 


1877 


64,666 


363 


431 


1,822 


35,763 33 


291,829 63 


1878 


88,031 


492 


603 


1,544 


25,704 37 


37,264 97 


1879 


I45,38l 


820 


1,043 


2,953 


32,548 88 


130,840 50 


1880 


79,128 


271 


554 


4,196 


25,561 48 


92,544 08 


1881 


132,076 


548 


9 T 7 


4,810 


34,748 53 


452,310 06 


1882 


98,515 


792 


725 


5,677 


33,881 47 


224,450 16 


1883 


75,364 


835 


497 


5,963 


34,735 36 


232,084 33 


1884 


ioi,547 


751 


654 


5,957 


43,6i8 93 


258,020 91 



Of the different sewers in place in 1884, there were of 
nine feet in diameter, 13,470 feet ; eight feet, 2,493 ; seven feet, 
1,462 ; six and one-half feet, 3,512 ; six feet, 23,385 ; five and one- 
half feet, 9,511 ; five feet, 72,999; four and one-half feet, 79,601 ; 
four feet, 101,540; three and one-half feet, 41,619 ; three and one- 
quarter feet, 665 ; three feet, 85,779; two and one-half feet, 142,928 ; 
two and one-quarter feet, 6,359 I two f eet > 588,305 ; twenty-inch, 
1,625 ; eighteen-inch, 40,793 ; fifteen-inch, 156,791; twelve-inch, 
812,422. By wards, the public sewers were divided as follows : 
First Ward, 89,509 feet; Second Ward, 54,802; Third Ward, 
75,462 ; Fourth Ward, 154,507 ; Fifth Ward, 224,036 ; Sixth Ward, 
177,071; Seventh Ward, 137,612; Eighth Ward, 105,471; Ninth 
Ward, 63,937; Tenth Ward, 63,279; Eleventh Ward, 98,508; 
Twelfth Ward, 212,834 I Thirteenth Ward, 105,058 ; Fourteenth 
Ward, 220,830; Fifteenth Ward, 154,865; Sixteenth Ward, 
75>523 ; Seventeenth Ward, 64,655 ; Eighteenth Ward, 107,300. 

THEGORDIAN KNOT. The great problems ought to 
be solved in connection with the sewerage system of 
the City of Chicago, was the cleansing of the bed of the 
Chicago River of sewage sediments and local impuri- 
ties, without having the poisonous deposits washed out 
through the mouth of the river into the lake, and possi- 
bly contaminating the public water supply, which is 
taken from the bottom of the lake, three miles distant 
from the shore. To this end, all operations have had 
in view the changing of the natural current of the South 
Branch of the river so that it shall set down the Illinois 
& Michigan Canal instead of flowing toward the lake ; 
and continuing the waters of the North Branch past its 
junction with the main river down to the canal outlet. 
For this purpose immense pumping-works have been 
erected at Fullerton Avenue, on the North Branch, in- 
tended to force water from a lake tunnel into the river 
basin, thereby creating a strong current to the south ; 
and twin pumping-works have erected in Bridgeport, at 
the entrance of the canal, on the West Branch of the 
river, which takes the polluted water from the river and 
pours it into the supplementary basin of the canal, thus 



creating a vacuum in the river and inducing a strong 
current in a southerly and westerly direction. 

The operations of the dual pumping-works have been 
measurably successful, and are adequate, perhaps, for or- 
dinary seasons ; but whenever a freshet sets in, it is inva- 
riably the case that the country on the line "of the Des- 
plaines River, from Chicago city line all along the river 
valley, from twelve to twenty miles distant, is entirely 
submerged, the water often covering an area of twenty 
or thirty square miles. In the vicinity of Twenty-sec- 
ond Street, during a heavy freshet, the water in the 
West Branch of the river not infrequently rises six or 
eight feet, while in the basin of the main river, north of 
Van Buren Street, the rise is generally from eighteen 
inches to two feet. During the prevalence of a freshet, 
and often continuing two or three days, not less than 
150,000 cubic feet of water a minute empty from 
the Desplaines River into the West Branch of the Chi- 
cago River. The flow of water from the Desplaines is 
much greater now than in former years, primarily because 
of the clearing up and ditching of swampy lands and 
acres of marshy country, that for years had been cov- 
ered with thick underbrush ; the removal of these nat- 
ural obstructions affording the periodical rains uninter- 
rupted course, so that a fall of rain which formerly was 
days in finding its way to the city, now sweeps in upon 
it in a flood in the course of a few hours. 

But the principal cause of the great influx of water 
is the existence of the so-called Ogden Ditch, an exca- 
vation dredged by the late William B. Ogden, in 1868, 
through his lands about twelve miles west of the city, 
for the purpose of draining the large area of the Des- 
plaines valley, some twelve or fifteen square miles, 
which, previous to his excavation, was submerged nearly 
the entire year. The Ogden Ditch, or Canal, is twenty- 
five or thirty feet wide, and extends through Mud Lake, 
in a northerly direction, about two hundred feet ; then 
makes a sharp right-angular turn to the east, and con- 
tinues some three hundred feet, forming a junction with, 
and emptying into, the West Fork of the Chicago 
River. During the season of the floods, the Ogden 
Ditch overflows its banks, receiving drainage and sur- 
face water beyond its capacity for discharge. To 
offset the trouble, and regulate the disturbances created 
in part by the Ogden Canal and in part by the rapid 
flow of surface and drainage water, the city constructed, 
in 1874, on land acquired from Mr. Ogden, a rude dam 
of piling, on which was spiked heavy plank, and filled 
in with earthwork to a sufficient depth to withstand the 
force of water. The top of this dam was on a level 
with the adjoining lands, and was built across the east 
arm of the Desplaines, and parallel with the north angle 
of the Ogden Canal, and served to wall out, to some 
extent, the waters of the big ditch, the flood of the Des- 
plaines River, and the surface water from the Desplaines 
valley on the west and south. 

This dam has been of good service, and has accom- 
plished all that was expected of it ; but at the same 
time it has been, from the first, a bone of contention, 
and has stirred up the ire and provoked the animosity 
of the neighboring property owners, who wished their 
lands flooded in the fall and winter, that they might 
reap abundant crops of ice for commercial purposes, 
and who again desired their lands drained in the spring 
and summer, for the successful pursuit of agriculture. 
It was their custom for a number of years, therefore, 
when the spring rains commenced to descend, and 
there was a reasonable prospect of a freshet, to repair 
to the dam with axes and other aggressive implements, 
knock the planking from the piles, tear up the earth- 



I 3 6 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



works, and permit the water to have free course into the 
West Fork of the Chicago River; then, in the fall, before 
the wet season set in, to again fill in the earth on the 
dam, replace the planks on the piles, and permit the 
land to be flooded through the winter, thus insuring for 
themselves an abundant harvest of ice. In 1885, the 
city put a stop to these practices, by constructing a new 
and permanent dam on the site of the original works, 
t-xravating to proper depth, laying a solid masonry 
foundation, and building up the facade of the dam with 
heavy blocks of stone ; then filling in with rip-rap 
material and gravel to the width of twenty-five feet, 
sloping down to the water's edge, and constructing a 
solid roadway over the dam, completing a wall and 



much destruction, and making the city liable for exten- 
sive damages. 

The Desplaines River is decidedly mercurial in its 
tendencies, being down to-day and up to-morrow. It 
will this week be nearly dry, so as to be fordable at 
many points, and a week later will be so swollen with 
rains and freshets as to overflow its banks and sweep 
everything before it. The early settlers of Illinois were 
accustomed to float down the Desplaines, from points 
fifty to seventy-five miles up the river, boating it where 
the depth of water would permit, and dragging or 
carrying their boats through shoals and over dry places. 

Notwithstanding the existence of the city dam, 
it was found by actual measurement, that, during the 



PLAN OF 
CANAL PUMPING WOBKS 




PLAN OF PUMPING-WORKS AT BRIDGEPORT. 



approaches which can not be readily thrown down or 
penetrated. 

Another cause for the great rush of waters in this 
locality, is found in the fact that the State, in 1871, pur- 
chased a strip of land thirty-three feet wide, about a 
mile west and parallel with the city dam, and con- 
structed thereon a public roadway of stone, six feet 
high, through the low and swampy region, thus dam- 
ming in the water on the south, which has no egress 
save by one small watercourse. 

The city acquired of Mr. Ogden the perpetual right 
to maintain the dam it located, and has the privilege of 
extending it south to where the Ogden possessions 
adjoin the land of Hon. John Wentworth, which it will 
soon be necessary to do. But beyond the Ogden line 
the city can not go, Mr. Wentworth absolutely refusing 
to sell, or to permit the dam to be built across his land 
to the banks of the Chicago River, some three hundred 
feet further south. As the city dam is raised only to 
the height of the adjoining land,' which has always been 
a swampy district, submerged most of the year, it does 
not encroach upon property rights. The dam, however, 
would be far more efficacious if it could be raised a 
foot or eighteen inches ; but in doing so the country to 
the west would be inundated for miles beyond the 
present outflow, and probably as far as Joliet, entailing 



freshet of April 20-22, 1885, the Desplaines River was 
so swollen that 123,757 cubic feet of water a minute 
found its way over the top of the dam, through the 
West Fork, into the Chicago River; while the volume of 
water coming down the North Branch of the Chicago 
River, derived wholly from the watershed of the north- 
west section, was 26,467 cubic feet a minute, causing a 
rise in the main river of nearly two feet; a portion 
of the water flowing east into the lake, and a smaller 
portion flowing south into the canal. Yet this fall of 
water was only about one-half the quantity which 
usually enters the city during the height of the flood 
season. 

The practical- operation of the river sewerage is this : 
In the dry season, when the river and lake are low, and 
the water in the river is at a stand-still or sluggish, the 
machinery of the Fullerton-avenue pumping works, 
which forces water from the lake tunnel into the river, 
or reciprocally from the river into the lake, is utilized 
to swell the volume of water in the North Branch of 
the Chicago River, and creates a strong southerly cur- 
rent; while at the same time the pumping works at the 
head of the canal, at Bridgeport, acting in correspond- 
ence, lifts the black, dirty water out of the West Branch 
of the river and empties it into the supplementary canal 
basin, thus creating a vacuum in the river, and inducing 






CORPORATE HISTORY. 



a current from the north. The water in the canal, 
which is usually raised from six to twelve inches in 
consequence of the water pumped into it, is prevented 
from flowing back into the river and buffeting the 
southerly current, by a lock, built in the canal in 1884. 
The lock is constructed of timber, the walls being crib- 
work, composed of 2 x 8-inch plank, laid flat, one on top 
of the other, spiked together and filled with broken 
stones. The lock chamber is two hundred and forty 
feet long between the gates, and nineteen feet wide. 
The floor is formed of lox i2-inch sleepers, bedded in 
the ground, and covered with two thicknesses of two- 
inch plank. Outside the lock are waste-gates, thirty- 
eight feet high. 



body of water in the main channel of the river and its 
several branches and tributaries is swept into the lake. 

Although the capacity of the canal which drains the 
West Branch of the river is comparatively small, and the 
current consequently moderate, still the volume of water 
carried off daily is by no means inconsiderable. The 
mean velocity of water entering the canal is 6.9 inches 
a second, the height of the water being eight-tenths of 
a foot above city datum, and the area of the cross- 
section of the canal 381.1 square feet showing that the 
amount of water passing into the canal is 219.13 cubic 
feet a second, or 18,932,832 cubic feet every twenty- 
four hours. 

In order to give an idea of the extent to which the 




SECTION OF 
CANAL PUMPING WORKS. 



* 



PUMPING-WORKS AT BRIDGEPORT. 



Frequently, during the prevalence of strong easterly 
gales, the water in the lake rises from eighteen inches 
to two feet, and, flowing into the mouth of the river, 
raises it from twelve to eighteen inches, creating a 
strong southerly current down the South and West 
branches of the river, and also up the North Branch 
toward the Fullerton-avenue pumping works. At such 
times, pumping operations are suspended at the Bridge- 
port works, the lock of the canal is thrown open, and 
the entire volume of water in the river, with the sewage 
filth and sediment, is washed down the canal, and its 
place occupied by pure lake water, while the filthy river 
water, forced up the North Branch, is pumped through the 
conduit into the Lake. When the North and West pump- 
ing-works are acting in correspondence, the Fullerton- 
avenue pumping-works deliver from the lake into the 
North Branch of the river 24,000 cubic feet of water 
a minute, while simultaneously the Bridgeport pump- 
ing works remove 60,000 cubic feet of water per minute 
from the West Branch, and deliver it into the canal 
basin, the reciprocal action creating a strong and 
effective current at all times, save when the river is 
swollen by a freshet and general inundation. At such 
times, every effort of engineering skill and mechanical 
invention has thus far proved inadequate to cope with 
the action of the refractory elements, and the entire 



Chicago River serves as a common sewer, it may 6e 
stated that 7,097.33 surface acres drain into it, from ninety 
sewer-discharge openings, the area of these terminal 
openings aggregating 921.81 square feet. In addition, 
1,270.43 acres in the South Division of the city drain 
directly into the lake. The water of the North Branch, 
from the rolling-mill south, is usually highly discolored, 
with a perceptible odor ; of the main river, nearly free 
from deleterious matter, with little odor; of the South 
Branch, highly discolored, with considerable odor; of 
the West Fork of the South Branch, nearly pure, with no 
perceptible odor; of the South Fork of the South Branch, 
extremely foul, charged with decomposing animal and 
vegetable matter, and odor very offensive. 

While the highest engineering skill obtainable has 
been brought to bear on the question of the disposal of 
the public sewage of Chicago, and while money has 
been spent lavishly in building the most improved 
machinery for rendering the river an available and 
efficient agent for this purpose, it must be conceded 
that thus far only indifferent results have been attained ; 
and as the population of Chicago shall double and 
quadruple, it will be found imperatively necessary to 
push to a successful solution this perplexing problem. 

The Fullerton-avcnue Conduit, which \vas completed 
and put in operation January 9, 1880, is a brick tunnel, 



'38 



HISTORY OF CHICAGO. 



:iiar in section, and twelve feet in internal diameter. 
It is 11,898 feet long from the lake shaft to the North 
Branch of the Chicago River, 4,270 feet at the bottom, 
from the River to Racine Avenue, being level and 13 
feet