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Full text of "History of the church in Burlington, New Jersey;"

>^ 





01' THE 

Theological Seminary, 

PRINCETON, N. J. 
Book \-\G 

^Qpy / 



A DONATION 



FROM 



jf^. 



Beceiued 



i/i//. ^^y 



H I ST O RY 



OF THE 



Church m Burlington 



NEW JERSEY; 



COMPRISING THE FACTS AND INCIDENTS OF NEARLY 

TWO HUNDRED YEARS, FROM ORIGINAL, 

CONTEMPORANEOUS SOURCES. 



BY THE 

/ 

Eev. GEORGE MORGAN HILLS, D. D., 

RECTOK OF ST. MARY'S PARISH, 
AND DEAN OF THE CONA'OCATION OF BURLINGTON. 



TRENTON, N. J.: 

WILLIAM S. SHARP, PRINTER. 
187G. 



Entered, aceording to Act or Congress, in the year 1S75, by 
GEORGE MORGAN HILLS, 
In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washinj^ton, D. C. 



THIS VOLUME 

IS INSCRIBED TO THE MEMORY OF 

THE EEV. JOHN TALBOT, M. A., 

FOUNDER AND FIRST RECTOR OF THE CHURCH IN BURLINGTON. 
WHO, AFTER TWENTY YEARS OF MISSIONARY TOIL, 

WITH CEASELESS, BUT INEFFECTUAL, ENTREATIES 

'J'HAT A BISHOP MIGHT BE GIVEN TO AMERICA, 

WAS INDUCED TO RECEIVE CONSECRATION 

FROM A LINE OF NONJURORS, IN ENGLAND ; 

AND RETURNED TO BURLINGTON, 

WHERE, AFTER THREE YEARS MORE OF MINISTRATION, 

FOLLOWED BY TWO OF INHIBITION, 

HE DIED, AND WAS BURIED 

WITHIN THE WALLS OF THE CHURCH WHICH HE BUILT, 
NOVEMBER, A. D. 1727. 




EPISCOPAL SEAL OF JOHN TALBOT. 




FAC-SIMILE OF HIS SIGNATURE. 






jPREF^CE 



THIS work is a series of papers, arranged in chronological 
order, with extracts, notes, and occasional explanations. 
Headings, where they did not exist, have generally been given, 
as a kind of introduction to what follows. 

The first Parochial Eegister — a folio, bound in parchment — 
begun in 1702, by the Founder of the Parish, and continued, 
by successive rectors, for a hundred and thirty-four years, is still 
in possession. The paper is coarse and discolored, but its 
records are as legible as when they were first made. 

From 1720 — the year when Mr. Talbot left America, not 
•expecting to return — there are no entries in it until after he 
ceased to officiate,; which leads to the belief that his acts after 
his consecration, were recorded in a book exclusively his own ; 
and^which may possibly be traced among the legal representatives 
of Thomas Herbert, a son of his wife by a former marriage, in 
the 'sVest Indies. 

From 1733, the eatries .are continuous till 1836, when the rest 
of the book is left blank, and the next records are found in 
a new and modern volume, beginning witli 1853 — thus leaving 
a hiatus of seventeen years. 

With the Minutes of the Vestry, the Parish has not been so 
fortunate. Three or four Churchmen of Burlington aver, that 
juany years ago, they saw the first book of these; and they 



6 PREFACE. 

mention two or three things which sn&tain their assertion ; yet 
Bishop Doane, in an appendix to his sermon, preached at the 
consecration of old St. Mary's Church, in 1834, alludes to 
"1784," as the ^^ earliest year to which the records then in i^os- 
session, extended." The present Minutes reach no further back 
than 1836 — hence, two books, at least, are now wanting. 

Regret for these losses is lessened by having copies of letters 
from the early Missionaries and others, some of which have been 
taken from the " Collections of the Protestant Episcopal Histor- 
ical Society," printed in 1851 ; and others, from the Lambeth, 
Fulham, and S. P. G. MSS., procured in 183(>, by the late 
Rev. Dr. Francis L. Hawks, and kindly fmrnishied by their 
authorized custodian, the Rev. Dr. William Stevens Perry. 

The extracts from Wills — except in two or three instances, 
where it is otherwise stated — were made from the originals in 
the Office of the Secretary of State, at Trenton, N. J. The orig- 
inal MS. of the sermon preached at the funeral of Mrs. Talbot, 
was received from descendants of the Rev. Colin Campbell, by 
the present rector of St. Mary's, after its absence from Burling- 
ton for more than a hundred years ! 

No further sources of information are named in this preface^ 
because, in every other case, an acknowledgment of its author- 
ship is made with the contribution. 

Where the spelling, abbreviations, capitals, punctuation, or 
lack of it, arc extraordinary, it is because the originals have 
been minutely followed. 

The reader will please keep in mind, that up to September,. 
1752, the legal year began with the 25th of March, the Feast 
of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary. 

G. M. H. 

St. Mary's Kectory, Burlikgton,. N.. J.,, 
Feast of the Purification, 1876. 






<t* » 






»J~ 



HISTORY. 



THE FIEST ENGLISH SETTLEMENT OF BURLINGTON. 

"Among other purchasers of the West- Jersey lands," says 
Samuel Smith, in his " History of the Colony of jSTova-Ca^saria, 
or New Jersey," printed in Burlington, in 17G5, "were two 
companies, one made up of some friends in Yorkshire, (as 
hinted in the concessions,) the other of some fi'iends in London ; 
who each contracted for considerable shares, for which thev had 
patents. In 1677, commissioners (agreeable to e.xpectation 
given) were sent by the proprietors, with power to buy the 
lands of the natives ; to inspect the rights of such as claimed 
property, and to order the lands laid out; and in general to 
administer the government, pursuant to the concessions: These 
commissioners were Thomas Olive, Daniel "Wills, John Ivinsey, 
John Penford, Joseph Helmsley, Robert Stacy, Benjamin Scott, 
Richard Guv, and Thomas Foulke. Thev came in the Kent, 
Gregory Marlow, master, being the second ship from London, 
to the western parts: After a tedious passage, they arrived at 
New-Castle, the 16th of the 6th month, O. S. King Charles 
the second, in his barge, pleasuring on the Thames, came along 
side, seeing a great many passengers, and informed whence they 
were bound, asked if they were all quakers, and gave them his 
blessing. They landed their passengers, two hundred and thirty 
in number, about Rackoon creek, where the Swedes had some 



8 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

scattering habitations ; but they were too numerous to be all 
provided for in houses; some were obliged to lay their beds 
and furniture in cow stalls, and appartmeuts of that sort." 
* * . "Most of the passengers in this ship were of those 

called quakers ; some of good estates in England. The com- 
missioners had before left them, and were by this time got to a 
place called Chygoes Island, f (afterwards Burlington) their 
business being to treat with the Indians about the land there, 
and to regulate the settlements, having not only the proprietors, 
but Governor Andros's commission for that purpose." 

The two parties agreed to unite in settling a town. " The 
commissioners employed Noble, a surveyor, who came in the 
iirst ship, to divide the spot. After the main street was ascer- 
tained, he divided the land on each side into lots; the eastern- 
most among the Yorkshire proprietors, the other among the 
Londoners : To begin a settlement, ten lots of nine acres each, 
bounding on the west, were laid out; that done, some passen- 
gers from Wickaco, chiefly those concerned in the Yorkshire 
tenth, arrived the latter end of October. The London com- 
missioners also employed Noble, to divide the part of the island 
yet unsurveyed, between the ten London proprietors, in the 
manner beforementioned : The tqwn thus by mutual consent 



fSmitJi's foot-note says: "From Chygoe, an Indian sachem, who lived 
there." The Rev. Wm. Allen Johnson, in a lecture delivered at Library 
Hall, Burlington, February 14th, 1870, says : " Chygoe is not an Indian name, 
but it is the spelling in English, as near as may be, of the French name 
Jegoii. An assertion, or conjecture, or possibly an imperfectly understood 
tradition, embodied by tiiat usually careful historian, Samuel Smith, has been 
blindly copied by all other writers. In his curious suit at Upland Court, 
against Thomas Wright and Godfrey Hancock, two of the early English 
settlers of Burlington, Pierre Jer/ou declares 'that in ](3()8 he obtained from 
Gov. Carteret a grant of land called Leasy Point, lying over against 
Matinagcom Island and Burlington, to settle himself there, and build and 
kee]) a house of entertainment, for the accommodation of travellers ; which 
he did, and continued there till 1670, when he was plundered and utterly 
ruined by the Indians, as is r':ell known to all the world (!) but that it hatli 
come to i)ass, by the arrival of these iieir comers, called Quackers, out of Eng- 
land, these defendants, Thomas Wright and Godfrey Hancock, have violently 
entered upon your i*laintitf's said land, and there have, by force, planted corn, 
mowed hay, nnule fences, cut timber for houses, etc., nol withstanding that 
they were forewarned by your Plaintift^s iViend, Henry Jacobs, in the jiresence 
of Cajit. Edward Cautwell, and afterward by ye Plaintitt' summoned before 
ye Maj^istrates of Burlington, who making no end of it, the case was removed 
here before vour Worships.' Justice triumphed, and Jegou gained his suit." 



IN BURLINGTON. 9 

]aiJ out, the commissioners gave it the name first of New- 
Beverley, then Bridlington, but soon changed it to Burlington."t 

-T- ^ ^ >;; >J; ^; >1; 

" Among the latter," in this ship, " was one Marshall, a car- 
penter, particularly serviceable in fitting up habitations for the 
new comers; but it being late in the tall when they arrived, 
the winter was much spent before the M'ork was be^un : in the 
interim they lived in wigwams, built after the manner of the 
Indians. Indian corn and venison, supplied by the Indians, 
was their chief food: These people were not then much cor- 
rupted with strong liquors, but generally very friendly and help- 
ful to the English." "Having traced this ship's company into 
winter quarters, the next in course is the Wining Mind, John 
Newcomb commander; she arrived from London, in November, 
and droi)t anchor at Elsingburgh ; brought about sixty or seventv 
passengers: Some settled at Salem, others at Burlington:" 
* * * "In this year also arrived the Flie-Boat 

Martha, of Burlington, (Yorkshire) sailed from Hull the latter 
end of summer, with one hundred and fourteen passengers, 
designed to settle the Yorkshire tenth :" *=!<*» 
"In one of these ships, or about this time, arrived John Ivinsey, 
then a young man ; his father one of the commissioners afore 
mentioned, dying on his arrival,^ the care of his family fell 
to him: he was afterwards a man of distinguished services, in 
several public stations ; and his son after him, of the same name, 
the late chief justice of Pennsylvania, must be long remembered 
by many in both provinces." 

FRIEXDS' MONTHLY MEETINGS SETTLED. 

The first minute in the Friends' MS. Book, is this:— 
" Since by the good Providence of god many friends with 
their families have transported themselves into this Province of 



I 



From Bridlington, Yorkshire, England— tlie rapid ntlerance of the firs^t 
syllable, with a long (', making it j^ound as tliougli spelled Burlington. There 
is no town in England spelled Burlington. " G. M. H. 

X The first recorded bnrial in the Friends' Book, now (1876) in the keeping 
of Richard F. Mott, of Burlington, is this : " John Kinfev Allias Kell'ev Latte 
cf Hadnam, in Hartfortfheere being taken w"' a violent feavor »i"Pavne 
in his Bowles about S days Pafsed out of y« Bodv v** 11"^ of y'' 8"' nio"i 
«i- was Layd in ye ground ye IV-^ of ye fame, 167"7.'"' ' g. m. h. 



10 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

West New Jersey the said friends in those upper parts have 
found it needfull according to our practice in the place wee came 
from to Settle Monthly Meetings fur the well ordering the affairs 
of y*^ Church it was agreed that accordingly it should be done 
ct accordingly it was done the J 5"' of y^ 5 mo"' 1678." 

THE FIRST SHIP AT BURLINGTON. 

The first ship that came so far up the Delaware, was the 
Shield, Captain Towes, from Hull, which arrived at Burling- 
ton in the 10th month, O. S., 1678. "Against Coaquanock, 
(the Indian name of the place where Philadelphia now stands,) 
being a bold shore, she went so near in turning, that part of the 
tackling struck the trees ; some on board then remarked it was 
a fine spot for a town : A fresh gale brought her to Burling- 
ton: She moored to a tree,t and the next morning the people 
came ashore on the Ice, so hard had the river suddenly frozen." 
— Smith's Historj/. 

THE friends' BURYINCt-GROUND. 

The " 3d " record in the Friends' MS. Book of Minutes is 
this: "At y*" Monthly Meeting in Burlington the 5"' day of 
ye yth jjjQth 1(373 Friends took into Consideration y*" paling in 
of the burying ground." 

At the Friends' Monthly Meeting on the " 1^' of y'' 5"' mo*'' 
1680," it was ordered, "after harvist to fence in y*" burying 
place aforementioned." 

the first friends' meeting-house. 

At the " Men's Monthly Meeting held at the house of Thos. 
Gardiner y*^ 5*" of y'' 12'" mo 1682," "It is ordered y' a 
meeting house be built according to a draft of six square build- 
ing of Forty feet square from out to out for which he is to 
have 160 £ wh y*^ meeting engageth to see y'' })ersons paid yt 
shall disburse y*" same unto Francis Collings." 

On the "2'' of ve 1^' mo 168f," amono; a lono; list of sub- 
scribers we find, " Daniel Leeds £4, William Budd £3.". 



t Tradition says, Tlie onorinous sycamore, still standing (1876) on tlie river 
bank, nearly in Iront of the residence of C. Eoss Grubb. 



IN BURLINGTON. 11 

The site of this meeting-house was just back of the present 
one (1876) in High street. The hexagonal structure had a 
roof which sloped upwards to a smaller hexagon ; and that, 
again, to a second roof, which terminated, rather abru})tly, in a 
point. A painting, still extant, represents its ground enclosed ; in 
front, with a high tight fence, of planks; at the sides, and in 
the rear, to the line of Wood street, with straight rail fences, 
dividing it into three lots, in the middle one of which, two cows 
are reposing. These grounds have been the Friends' Burial- 
Place, from that day to this. 

AGITATION IN THE COLONY. 

In February, 1688-9, information was received, from Great 
Britain, of the flight and dethronement of James II, and the 
grant of the crown to William and Mary.f The agitation 
everywhere in the colonies was intense. Some adhered tena- 
ciously to the fallen dynasty. They were mostly men of high 
standing, and great personal influence. A Jacobite party was 
thus formed. " Dr. Daniel Coxe, of London, the greatest pro- 
prietor of West-Jersey," says Smith, Avas at this time Governor^ 
" having appointed Edward Hunloke his deputy ; some time 
afterwards a commission was sent to John Tatham, who being a 
Jacobite; and as such by principle disqualified, him the Assem- 
bly rejected." 

JOHN TATHAM's land. 

March 1689. Surveyed then for John Tatham a lot of land 

f Chief among the measures adopted to secure this transfer to the Prince of 
Orange, was a new Oath of Allegiance. The old oath implied hereditary 
right. It Avas therefore altered to read, "I, A. B., do sincerely promise and 
swear to bear true allegiance to their ISIajesties King "William and Queen 
Mary." This oath was taken, in March 1688-9, by both Houses of Parlia- 
ment, with the exception of several lords spiritual and temporal, who rather 
than take it, withdrew from the house. The nonjuring prelates were Sancroft, 
Archbishop of Canterbury, Turner, Bishop of Ely, Lake of Chichester, Ken,, 
of Bath and Wells, White, of Peterborough, Lloyd, of Norwich, Thomas, of 
Worcester, and Frampton, of Gloucester. Their example, in declining the 
oath, was followed by about 400 other clergy, to say nothing of the laity, 
most, if not all, of whom were honest and peaceable, and would have gone on 
in the quiet discharge of their duties, had no fresh oath been required. On 
the first of February, 1G90-1, Sancroft, Turner, Ken, White and Frampton — 
the other nonjuring bishops having died meanwhile — were, by Act of Parlia' 
ment, deprived of their Sees. 



12 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

in Burlington, att the North East corner of the Island, hegining 
att the end of the Street which bounds the Watter Lotts by the 
Side of the Street leading by the Creek Side, from the River to 
broad Street and runs from the said end of the Street by the 
Creek Street fivety seaven Perches and a halfe to broad Street, 
then by broad Street fourty five perches to a Stake, then about 
Xorth by East Sixty one perches and a halfe to the Said Street, 
bounding the Waiter Lotts. Then by the said Street, thirty four 
perches and a halfe to the first, Being surveyed for fourteen 
ackers. 

"Also att the same time, a tvatter hit begining att the said 
Creek Street by the River, and runs in breadth, by the river a 
hundred foot continueing the same breadth Southwards to the 
next Street. 

"Both these Surveyed by Symon Charles and after Resur- 
veyed by me. 

Daxiell Leeds." 

feiends' marriage certificate. 

"Whearas there has been an Intention of Marriage duly 
Published according to the Laws of this Province of West New 
Jersey in America, & also at two severall Monthly Meetings of 
the People Call'd Quakers held at Burlingtoo. in the Province 
aftbrs'^ Between Robert Wheeler of the Town & Province 
aifors'' Baker, & Rebecca Kenner of y" same, Spinster, And 
upon deliberate consideration & enquiry their being nothing to 
obstruct thejr proceedings therein (they being found clear & 
free of any other Engagement of this Nature) and having the 
consent of their friends & Relations in these parts of the world, 
they were allowed to consuniate their Intended Marriage as in y*" 
fear of God they should see meete. 

These are Therefore to Certifie all persons whome it 
may concern that for y*' full accomplishing of their s'* Intentions 
this second day of y"' fourth month Called June, in y'' year of 
o'' Lord one thousand six hundred ninety & two They y*^ s'' 
Robert Wheeler & Rebecca Kenner appeard in a publick Assem- 
bly of y® afltbresd people held in their Meeting house at Burling- 
ton aiforb'^ And in a solemn ]\Ianner he the s*^ Robert Wheeler 



IN BURLINGTON. 13 

taking the s^ Rebecca Kenner by the hand did openly declare 
as tblloweth, ifriends in the fear of the Lord & in the presence of 
you his people, I take this my ffriend Rebecca Kenner to be 
my Wife, promising to be unto her a faithfull & loving husband 
uutill it shall please y'' Lord to seperate us. And then & there 
in the s"^ Assembly the s'^ Rebecca Kenner did in like manner 
declare as followeth, ffriends in the fear of the lord and in the 
presence of you his people I take this my friend Robert Wheeler 
to be my husband, promising to be unto him a loving and faith- 
full wife, untill Death shall seperate [us.] 

"And the s'^ Robert Wheeler and Rebecca, his naw Wife as a 
further confirmation thereof did then & there to these presents 
set their hands — And we whose names are hereunto subscribed 
being present amongst others at the solemnizing of their s" mar- 
riage & subscription in manner affors*^ as Witnesses thereunto 
have also to these presents subscribed our names the day & year 
above Written— 1692. 

Robert Wheet,er, 

Rebecca Wheeler. 
John Budd 

Wm Budd Thos Gladwin 

Thomas Gardiner William Budd Jun"" 

Richard Guy 

Edward Hunloke, Justice 

Isaac Marriott 

Charles Reade Mary Budd Sarah Righton 

Bernard Devenish Ann Budd Mary Peachee 

Tho:Peachee Rebecca DeCou Sibbil la Righton 

Wm. Righton Mary Myers Elizabeth Gardiner Jr. 

Joseph Addams Rachell Marshalle 

Henry Burcham Pricilla Love" 

— Friends' MS. Records. 

GEORGE KEITH. 

In 1691, George Keith, a very eminent Quaker preacher and 
writer, who was widely known in the colonies, as well as in 
Great Britain, proposed and urged some stricter regulations 
among the Friends. He made complaints against some^of them 



14 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

who were in the magistracy, at Philadelphia, for having execu- 
ted the penal laws against malefactors, alleging that it was 
inconsistent with their tenets; and he charged some of their 
most approved preachers with false doctrine. Such a violent 
controversy was thus awakened that, on the 20th of April, 1692, 
at a Meeting in Philadelphia, a "Declaration" was drawn up 
against him, wherein both he and his conduct were publicly 
disowned. This " Declaration" was confirmed at the " General 
Yearly Meeting," held in Burlington, on the 7th of July fol- 
lowing. Mr. Keith drew off a large number with him,t and set 
up separate meetings in various places. His adherents called 
themselves Christian Quakers — but they were generally called 
Keithians. Proud's History, Vol. I, pp. 363-7. 

OFFICERS OF THE TOWN. 

" By vertue of an Act of Assembly, formed and contrived 
for the Government of this Town of Burlington at a Sessions 
held in the said Town the 3d of October 1693 the Freeholders 
and Inhabitants of the said Town being Convened and Assem- 
bled the 5th day of April 1694 in pursuance of the Powers and 
Priviledges Granted unto them in and by the said Act and in 
conformity to the same due regard being had to ye Qualification 
of the Electors as prescribed and Limitted by the said Act Did 
Choose & Elect these officers following : 

" Richard Basnet, Burgesse,or Chief Magistrate for y® town of 

Burlington. 

"John Tatliam, Recorder. James Marshall! >^ n 

' T TT-ii > Councellors. 

James Hill j 

" George Hutcheson, Treasurer. James Hill, Town Clerk. 



t "The Quakers," says Bishop Burnet, in his History of the Church, (Vol. 
.II) "have had a great breach made among them by one George Keith, a 
Scotchman, with wliom I had my education at Aberdeen ; he was esteemed the 
most learned man that ever was in that sect ; he was well versed both in the 
Oriental tongues, in Philosophy, and Mathematics. After he had been above 
thirty years in high esteem among them, he was sent to Pennsylvania to have 
the chief direction of their youth. In those parts, he said he first discovered 
that which had been always denied to him, or so disguised that he did not 
suspect it ; it appeared to him that they were Deists, and that they turned the 
whole doctrine of the Christian Religion into allegories ; chiefly those which 
relate to the death and resurrection of Christ, and the reconciliation of sinners 
to God by virtue of his Cross ; he, being a true Christian, set himself with 
great zeal against this." 



IN BURLINGTON. 15 

"Bernard Devonish, Serjeant Clerk of the Market Cryer of 
the Town and Officer to view the Assise of Bread & Lqiuors 
A: to supervise and Examine Weights and Measures. 

"Then it was Ordered and Concluded by unanimous Consent 
that the Town of Burlington should Assert and Maintain their 
Title and right to the Island in the River Delaware commonly 
called Stacy's alias Mattinecunk Island." First Entry in Town 
3Iinutes. 

A BURYI^"G-PLACE FOR CHRISTIANS. 

On the 13th of July, 1695, a piece of land was bought; the 
particulars of which are given in these portions of its Deed : 

"Whereas several persons Inhabitants in & about Burlington 
together with John Tatham Edward Hunloke & Nathaniel 
Westland have agreed together to purchase a peece or parcell of 
Land in Burlington for the Conveniency of a burying place for 
themselves and also free for all other Christian People who shall 
hereafter be minded therein to bury their dead And for that 
intent (& purpose have respectively disbursed or agreed to disburse 
into the hands of the said John Tatham Edward Hunloke & 
Nathaniel AYestland (as ffeoflf'ees in Trust) certaine sumes of 
money for the purchasing of said peece or parcell of Land as 
mav be convenient & for the ffenceing & fitting the same Land 
when purchased for a burying place xow WITNESSETH this 
INDENTURE that for iSc in consideration of the Sume of ffive 
pounds Currant silver money Robert Wheeler hath granted 
c\: sold unto the said John Tatham Edward Hunloke & 
Nathaniel Westland their Heirs & Successors forever one peece 
or pai'cell of Land in the Island of Burlington aforesaid being 
the Towne Lott or house Lott Couteyning Two Roods and six- 
teene perches as the same is now laid forth and surveyed begin- 
ning att a stake sett up being corner to Jonathan Wests lot on 
the North by AVood street And runs southward in ifront by 
Wood street ffive perches and Three feet and soe back the same 
breadth being in Length Eighteene perches and an halfe and 
bounded by the Lott of John Stoaks to the South to have 
AND TO HOLD the Said Lott of Land unto the said John Tatham 
Edward Hunloke & Nathaniel Westland their Heirs and Sue- 



IG HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

cessors forever who shall hereafter from time to time successively 
be nominated & chosen by the major part of the Persons their 
Heirs and Successors Convened & successively to be convened 
in the sd granted premises upon the decease or removall of the 
said John Tatham, Edward Hunloke Nathaniel Westland or 
anv of them as succeeding ifeoifees in Trust on the behalfe of 
the rest convened &c to be convened for the sd burying place 
which is to be flPree for all Christian People who shall be minded 
therein to bury their dead." 

RESTRICTIONS OF UNLICENSED PERSONS. 

April lOth 169G, at a Town meeting, "it was put to ye vote 
whether any person not having a Lycence shall expose & sell 
any strong Liquors by the pot at fair Times and it past in the 
negative." " It was likewise put to the vote, whether any jNIer- 
chant or other unlicenced person shall sell any quantity of Rum 
or Brandy less than a pint and it past in the Negative; And it 
was Ordered That if any Merch' or other unlycenced person shall 
sell a less quantity than a Pint of the said Liquors that then 
such person so offending shall forfeit Ten shillings for every 
such Lesser quantity so sold the one half to the Ikirgesse and 
the other half to the informer : It was also Ordered by the sd 
meeting that no person shall ride a Gallop during the fair time 
betwixt the market house and the water side." Town Ilinutes. 

ACT AGAINST WANDERING NEGROES. 

" At a meeting of the Burgess and Inhabitants of the Town of 
Burlington, Aug 1 5th 1698, it was enacted, " That all and every 
Negroe that after the Publication hereof, shall be found wandr- 
ing about within the Limits of the sayd Town on first days 
during the Time of Religious meetings and not attending upon 
any such meeting or abiding at their respective homes or quar- 
ters, Shall be put in the stocks, and there continue till the said 
meetings are over, And that all & every Negro or Negroes that 
on First Day Nights after sun set shall be found wandring abroad 
or Absenting themselves from their Respective homes or Quar- 
ters, shall be put in y'' stocks there to continue all that Night and 
on the next day be whipt at their Masters Charge." Town Minutes, 



IX BUELINGTOX. 17 

DESCRIPTIOX OF BUrvLIXGTOX. 

Gabriel Thomas, in his quaint little History, printed in 1698, 
thus "writes: — "Burlina-ton is now the chiefest Town in that 
Countrey, by reason that the late Governor Cox, who bought 
that Countrey of Edicard Billing, encouraged and promoted that 
Town chiefly, in settling his Agents and Deputy-Governors 
there, which brino;s their Assemblies and chief Courts to be 
kept there ; and, by that means it is become a very famous 
Town, having a delicate great 3Iarhet- House, where tliey keep 
their Market : It hath a noble and spacious Hall over head, 
where their Sessions is kept, having the Prison adjoyning to it. 
There are many Fair and Great Brick Houses on the outside of 
the Town which the Gentry have built there for their Countrey 
Houses, besides the Great and Stately Palace of John Tateham 
Esq ; which is pleasantly situated on the Xorth side of the 
Toini, having a very fine and delightful Garden and Orchard 
adjoyning to it, wherein is variety of Fruits, Herbs, and Floivers; 
as Hoses, Tulips, July-Floicers, Sun Floicers, Carnations, and 
many more. There are kept also in this Famous Town several 
Fairs every Year ; and as for Provisions, viz. Bread, Beer, Beef, 
Pork, Cheese, Butter and most sorts of Fruit, here is great Plenty 
and very Cheap. There are also two handsom Bridges to come in 
and out of the Town called London and YorJc-Bridges. The Town 
stands in an Island, the Tide flowing quite round about it." 

THE SOCIETY rOR PROPAGATING THE GOSPEL. 

"The increase of religion in the colonies, and the moral culture 
of the inhabitants, had been the subjects of many private 
schemes and individual exertions which resulted in little benefit ; 
and it was found necessary, to make the endeavors effectual, to 
obtain a charter for a society calculated especially to subserve 
the purposes in view. In consequence of a representation made 
by Dr. Thomas Tenison (then Archbishop of Canterbury) to 
King AVilliam III, a charter was obtained, bearing date June 
16th, 1701, incorporating several persons distinguished for their 
stations and virtues, by the title of " The Society for Propaga- 
ting the Gospel in Foreign Parts." The proper officers of the 
Society were chosen on the 27th of June, and measures were im- 

B 



18 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

mediately adopted for the obtain inent of funds and perfecting the 
other necessary arrangements." Whitehead's Enrltj History of 
Perth Amboif. 

MEMORIAL FROM REV. MR. KEITH. 

Shortly after the foundation of tlie S. P. G., George Keith, 
who had returned to England in 1694, and received Orders in 
the Church of England, from the Bishop of London, in 1700, 
prepared a "Memorial," from which we quote : 

" To the Secretary of the Venerable Society. 

"Worthy Sir: — .According to your desire I send you this 
short Memorial of the State of Religion in such parts of Xorth 
America where I have travelled, and which I can give of my 
own knowledge, especially in relation to Quakerism, and some 
other things by letters from my friends there. In Pennsyl- 
vania, when I came to live there, which was in the year 1(389, 
by the number of men and women that used to come to the 
yearly meetings from the several parts of that province, and 
from the West and East Jerseys, we did commonly reckon there 
might be at least fifteen hundred Quakers, two hundred of which 
might perhaps belong to the West and East Jerseys. After the 
])reach that began in the year 1691, betwixt a party of Quakers 
that joined with me in opposing some of their errors, (especially 
their notion of the sufficiency of the light within every man to 
salvation without anything else) & another Party that joyned 
with Thomas Lloyd then Deputy Governor of Pennsylvania & 
a great Preacher among the Quakers, all the Meetings in those 
Provinces above mentioned were broken, and they set up Separate 
Meetings one from another, on the account of different Principles 
of Religion (especially in relation to the notion aforesaid * * 

* which I & my Friends judged a plain opposition to Chris- 
tianity & an Establishing of Deism in its place) so that when I 
came from Pennsylvania to England which was in the year 
1694, I left behind me fourteen or fifteen Meetings in Pennsyl- 
vania, West & East Jerseys that met apart from the Quakers 

* * * to the number of above Five hundred persons. 
" Since there hath been a Church of England Congregation set 

up at Philadelphia [1695] the Chief Town in Pennsylvania a 



IN BURLINGTON. 19 

considerable number of those that did come off with me on the 
account of the Quakers Errors are joyned with the Church ^of 
England both Men & Women of good account, & others of them 
keep up their Separate Meetings particularly one at Pliiladel- 
phia & some of them have joyned themselves with the Anabap- 
tists in those Parts, as I have had particular Information by 
letters from my friends there, year after year. It would be of 
great service, as I judge, if one or two more Church of England 
Ministers were sent to Pennsylvania ; it is not to be doubted, 
but they would not only get hearers, but such as would join 
with them to make up Congregations. * * ''' 

" In West Jersey that lyes on the east side of DelaAvare River, 
I have several friends that joyned with me in the Separation 
from the Quakers, especially about Cros wicks, which is about 
Fifteen or Sixteen miles from Burlington, (the chief Town in 
West Jersey lying by Delaware River;) if a Church of England 
Minister were sent thither it is not to be doubted but he would 
be received and joyned with, both by some of my friends and 
some other sober persons. The most proper place to set up a 
Church would be at Burlington, and another at Croswicks 
abovementioned. >;= * * 

" There is not one Church of England as yet in either West 
or East Jersey, the more is the pity ; and except in Two or 
Three Towns there is no face of any public worship of any sort, 
but People live very mean like Indians. In New York there 
are but few Quakers, & some that were, are come off & joyned 

with the Church there. One Mrs. , a friend of mine, 

is lately deceased, but before her death was baptized & had the 
Lord's Supper administered to her, & got her Children baptized, 
whereof I had a late Account in a letter from one of my friends 
there, now a zealous Churchman. * * * There 
is no Church of England in all Long Island, nor in all that 
great Continent of New York Province, except at New York 
Town." 

ANNA EEGIXA. 

On the 8th of March, 1701, King William died, and was 
succeeded by Queen Anne ; " who," says Hume, " ascended 



20 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

the throne, to the general satisfaction of all parties." " Even 
the Jacobites/' he adds, " seemed pleased with her elevation. 
She had been taught to cherish warm sentiments of the tories, 
whom she considered as the friends of monarchy, and the 
true sons of the Church. * * She was zealously 

devoted to the Church of England." 

SUREEXDER OF THE GOVERNMEXT TO QUEEX ANXE. 

"On the 17lh of April, 1702," says Smith's History, " the 
several proprietors of East and West New-Jersey, in America, 
did in person, present a deed of surrender by them executed 
under their hands and seals, to her Majesty in council, and did 
acknowledge the same to be their act and deed ; and humbly 
desire her Majesty to accept the same, that it might be enrolled 
in the court of chancery, whereby they did surrender their 
po^ver of the government of those plantations : AVhich her 
Majesty graciously accepted, and was pleased to order, as it is 
hereby ordered, that the same be enrolled in her Majesty's said 
high court of chancery ; and the said instruments are to be 
delivered to Mr. Attorney General, who is to take care that the 
same be enrolled accordingly." 

THE FIRST MISSIOXAEY OF THE S. P. G. 

The familiarity of Mr. Iveith — as exhibited in his "Memo- 
rial" — with the state of Religion in this country, led the Society 
for Propagating the Gospel to appoint him as their first 
missionary. His " Jourx'AL of Travels from Xew-Hampshire 
to Caratuck on the Continent of North-i?Lmerica," printed in 
London, " by Joseph Downing, for Brab. Ayhner at the Three- 
Pigeons, over-against the Royal-Exchange in Cornhill, 1706," 
beo;ins thus : 

"The Twenty eighth Day o^ April 1702, I sailed from Coices 
in the Isle of Wight, in one of the Queens Ships, called the Centu- 
rion, whereof Captain iJenie was Commander, who was very Civil 
to me, bound for Boston in Xeiv-England ; and by the good Provi- 
dence of God wearriv'd at Boston the Eleventh day of June, our 
whole time of Passage being Six Weeks and one Dav. Colonel 
Dudley Governour of New-England, and Colonel Povie Deputy 



I 



IX BURLIXGTON. 21 

Governour, and Mr. MornSjV/ith all whom we sailed in the 
same ship, were so generous and kind both to ]\[r. Patrick Gor- 
don Missionary for Long-Island, and to me, that at their desire 
we did Eat at their Table all the Voyage on free cost. 

" At my Arrival the Eeverend Mr. Samuel 3Iiles, and the 
Eeverend Mr. Christopher Bridge, both Ministers of the Church 
of England Congregation at Boston, did kindly receive me and 
the two ministers in company with me, and we lodg'd, and were 
kindly entertained in their Houses, during our abode at Boston. 
"June 14, 1702, being Sunday, at the request of the above- 
named Ministers of the Church of England, I Preached in the 
Queens Chappel at Boston, on Eph. 2. 20, 21, 22, where was a 
large Auditory, not only of Church People, but of many others. 
" June 28, Sunday. The Reverend Mr. John Talbot, who 
had been Chaplain in the Centurion, Preached there. 

" By the advice of my good Friends at Boston, and especially 
of Colonel Joseph Dudley, Governour of Boston Colony, I chose 
the abovenaraed Mr. John Tcdbot to be my Assistant and Asso- 
ciate in my Missionary Travels and Services, he having freely 
and kindly offered himself, and whom I freely and kindly 
received, and with the first occasion I wrote to the Society, 
praying them, to allow of him to be my Fellow-Companion 
and Associate in Travels, &c., which they accordingly did,t 
and indeed Divine Providence did Avell order it, for he' proved 
a very loving and faithful Associate to me, and was very helpful 
to me in all respect, and was well approved and esteemed every 
Avhere, both with respect to his Preaching and Living, in the 
several places where we Travelled." 

ENLARGING THE CIIRISTIAX BURIAL-GROUND. 

On the IGth of September, 1702, Thomas Revell, "Executor 
in Trust of Elizabeth Tatham late of Burlington ^Viddow 
deceased" for "Three pounds Currant Silver money" conveyed 
to " Xathaniel Westland Robert Wheeler & Hugh Huddv as 
ffeoffees in Trust " a " Lott" of land " Containing^fforty foot in 



t The appointment of Mr. Talbot as a Missionary of tlie Societv, bears date 
.September IStli, 1702. ' 



22 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

front and bounded on the North side by a Lott late purchased 
from Robert Wheeler for a burving; o;round on the South side 
by the Land of John Hollinshead on the West by the Land of 
the late William Myers deceased, & on the East by a publick 
street called Wood street, for the Enlargeing the aforesaid bury- 
ing ground." '•'Several Persons (Inhabitants in & about Bur- 
lington) together with Nathaniel Westland, Robert Wheeler & 
Hugh Huddy disbursed certaine Sumes of money for the pur- 
chasing of the same Land & for the ifencing & Repairing of 
the whole for a Burying ground," " for all Christian People who 
shall be desirous to bury their dead therein." Original Deed. 

THE MISSIONARIES AERIYE IX BURLIXGTOX. 

" October 29, 1702. We arrived at Badinglon in West- Jersey . 

"November 1, Sunday. We preached in the Town-House at 
Burlington, (the Church not being then built,) and we had a 
great Auditory of diverse sorts, some of the Church, and some 
of the late Converts from Quakerism. Mr. Talbot preached 
before Noon, and I in the Afternoon. My Text was, John 17. 
'■^. — \^Ancl this is life eternal, that tliey might knoio thee the only true 
God, and Jesus Christ, wliom thou hast sent.^ Col. Hamilton, 
then Governour of IVest- Jersey, was present both Forenoon and 
Afternoon, and at his Invitation we dined with him. 

" November 3. At Burlington I detected the Quakers Errors 
out of their great Authors, George Fox his great Mystery, and 
Edward Burroughs Folio Book, and others, having given the 
Quakers Preachers Notice two Days before, to come and 
defend their Principles and Authors ; but none of them would 
appear in the Cause." IveitJi^s Journal. 

A MEETING GF THE CLERGY, IX XEW YORK. 

"November 8, Sunday [1702.] I preached in the Church of 
Philadelphia, at the Minister's Request, on 2 Pet. 3. 15, 3 6, in 
the Afternoon. Mr. Talbot preached there in the Forenoon. 
And again I preached another Sermon, on the same, that Even- 
ing, after six a Clock, (it being usual once a Month to preach 
an Evening-Sermon in that Town.) We had a very great 



IN BURLIXGTOX. 23 

Aiiditoiy, so that the Church could not contain them, but many 
stayed without and heard. 

" That Week a Meeting of the Clergy being appointed to meet 
together at New- York by general Consent, we accordingly did 
meet, being Seven in number; at our Meeting Ave drew up an 
Account of the State of the Church in these American Parts of 
Pensilvania, West and East-Jersey and iVe^t'- I'orZ: Province ;t a 
Copy whereof we sent to the Honourable Society at London, 
for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts." Keith's 
Journal. 

INSTRUCTIONS FROM QUEEX ANXE. 

''Instructions for our right trusty and well beloved Edward lord 
Cornbury, our captain general and governor in chief, in and 
over our jjrovince of Nova-Cwsaria, or New Jersey, in 
America. Given at our court at St. James's, the sixteenth 
day of November, 1702, in the first year of our reign. 

"1. With these our instructions you will receive our commis- 
sion under our great seal of England, constituting you our cap- 
tain general and governor in chief of our province of New 
Jersey. 

"2. You are with all convenient speed to repair to our said 
province, and being there arrived, you are to take upon you the 
execution of the place and trust we have reposed in you, and 
forthwith to call together the following persons, Avhom we do by 
these presents appoint and constitute members of our council in 
and for that province, viz. Edward Hunloke, Lewis Morris, 
Andrew Bowne, Sanjuel Jenings, Thomas Revell, Francis 
Davenport, William Pinhorne, Samuel Leonard, George Dea- 
con, Samuel Walker, Daniel Leeds, William Sanford, and 
Robert Quarry, esquires. 

"3. And you are Avith all due solemnity, to cause our said 
commission under our great seal of England, constituting you 
our captain general and governor in chief as aforesaid, to be read 
and published at the said meeting of our council, and to cause 
proclamation to be made in the several mest publick places of 
our said province, of your being constituted by us our captain 
general and governor in chief as aforesaid. 



I 



Tins -(vas signed hy Geoege Kfjth, Evax Evans, Clev. Minister of 
PIu ladelpliia, Alexander Innes, Prc^bvter, Edmond Mott, Chaplain of 
He r Majesty's Forces in NeAv York, Johx'Taleot, William Yesey, Hector 
of ]S^ew York, Johx Baktoav. 



24 . HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

"4. AVhich beino; clone, voa shall yourself take, and also 
administer to each of the members of our said council so 
appointed by us, the oaths appointed by act of parliament to be 
taken instead of the oaths of allegiance and supremacy, and the 
oath mentioned in an act, entitled, Ayi act to declare the altera- 
tion in the oath appointed to be taken by the act, entitled, An act 
for the further security of his majestfs -person, and the succession 
of the crown in the protestant line, and for extinguishing the hopes 
of the pretended prince of Wales, and all other pretenders, and 
their opjen and. secret abettors, and for declaring the association to 
be determined ; as also the test mentioned in an act of parliament 
made in the twenty-fifth year of the reign of king Charles the 
second, entitled, An act for preventing dangers ivhich may happen 
from popish recusants ; together with an oath for the due execu- 
tion of your and their places and trusts, as well with regard to 
the equal and impartial administration of justice in all causes 
that shall come before you, as otherwise, and likewise the oath 
required to be taken by governors of plantations, to do their 
utmost, that the laws relating to the plantations be observed. 

:;; >K '"^ ^ ^ -K ^ ^ ^' ^ 

6. "And whereas the inhabitants of our said province have of 
late years been unhappily divided, and by their enmity to each 
other, our service and their own welfare has been very much 
obstructed; you are therefore in the execution of our commis- 
sion, to avoid the engaging yourself in the parties which have 
been forni'd amongst them, and to use such impartiality and 
moderation to all, as may best conduce to our service, and the 
good of the colony. 

"51. You are to permit a liberty of conscience to all persons 
(except papists) so they may be contented with a quiet and 
peaceable enjoyment of the same, not giving offence or scandal 
to the government. 

"52. And whereas we have been informed, that divers of our 
good subjects inhabiting tlu.se parts, do make a religious scruple 
of swearing, and by reason of their refusing to take an oath in 
courts of justice and other places, are or may be liable to many 
inconveniences ; our will and pleasure is, that in orxler to their 
ease in what they conceive to be matter of conscience, so far as 
may be consistent with good order and government, you take 
care, that an act be passed in the general assembly of our said 
province, to the like effect as that passed here in the seventh and 
eighth years of his majesty's reign, entitled, An act, that the 
solemn ajirmation and declaration of the people called Quakers^ 



IN BURLINGTON. 25 

shall be accepted, Instead of an oedh in the usual form, and that 
the same be transmitted to us, and to our commissioners ior 

trade and plantations as before directed. 

^ ^ * ^ * * * 

" 69 You shall take especial care, that God Almighty be 
devoutly and duly served throughout your government, the 
book of common prayer as by law established, read each sunday, 
and holyday, and the blessed sacrament administered according 
to the rites of the church of England. i i -u 

" 70 You shall be careful that the Churches already built 
there be ^vell and orderly kept, and that more be built, as the 
colony shall by God's blessing be improved ; and that besides a 
competent maintenance to be assigned to the minister ot each 
orthodox church, a convenient house be built at the common 
charoe for each minister, and a competent proportion ot land 
assiglied to him, for a glebe and exercise of his industry. 

"71 And yoLi are to take care, that the parishes be so limittecl 
and settled, as' you shall find most convenient for the accomplish- 
ing this good work. _ . , 

^'72 You are not to prefer any minister to any ecclesiastical 
benefice in that our province, without a certificate from the 
ricrht reverend father in God the lord bishoj) of London, of his 
beino- conformable to the doctrine and discipline ot the churcli 
of England, and of a good life and conversation : And it any 
person already prefer'd to a benefice, shall appear to you to give 
=candal either bv his doctrine or manners, you are to use tiie 
best means for the removal of him, and to supply the vacancy 
in such manner as we have directed. , 

■"73 You are to give order, that every orthodox minister 
within your government, be one of the vestry in his respective 
parish, and that no vestry be held without him, except m case 
of sickness, or that after the notice of a vestry summon d, lie 

omit to come. . . , . 

" 74 You are to enquire whether there be any minister within 
your government, who preaches and administers the sacrament 
in any orthodox church or chapel, without being m due orders, 
and to give account thereof to the said lord bishop of London. _ 

"75 And to the end the ecclesiastical jurisdiction ot the said 
lord bishop of London, may take place in our said province so 
fiir as conveniently may be, we do think fit that you give all 
countenance and 'encouragement to the exercise ot the same, 
excepting only the collating to benefices, granting licences toi 
marriages, and probate of wills, which we have reseiwed to you 
our governor and the commander in chief of our said province 
for the time being. 



26 HISTOEY OF THE CHURCH 

"76. And you are to take especial care, that a table of mar- 
riages established by the cannons of the church of England, be 
hung up in every orthodox church, and duly observed, and you 
are to endeavor to get a law passed in the assembly of our said 
province, (if not already done) for the strict observation of the 
said table. 

"77. You are to take care, that drunkenness and debauchery, 
swearing and blasphemy, be discountenanced and punished : 
And for the further discountenance of vice, and encouragement 
of virtue and good living, (that by such example the infidels 
may be invited and desire to partake of the christian religion) 
you are not to admit any person to publick trusts and employ- 
ments in our said province under your government, whose ill 
fame and conversation may occasion scandal. 

^ ^ ■^ :^: ^ iji ^ 

" 89. You shall endeavor to get a law passed for the restrain- 
ing of any inhuman severity, which by ill masters or overseers, 
may be used towards their christian servants, and their slaves, 
and that provision be made therein, that the wilful killing of 
Indians and Negroes may be punished with death, and that a 
fit penalty be imposed for the maiming of them. 

" 90. You are also with the assistance of the council and 
assembly, to find out the best means to facilitate and encourage 
the conversion of Negroes and Indians, to the christian religion. 

;•; jjc ^ ^ >i5 ^ ^ 

" 99. Forasmuch as great inconveniencies may arise by the 
liberty of printing in our said province, you are to provide by 
all necessary orders, that no person keep any press for printing, 
nor that any book, pamphlet or other matters whatsoever be 
printed without yoiu- especial leave and license first obtained." 
* * * —Smith's History, pp. 230-259. 

GREAT NEED OF A BISHOP. 

Mr. John Talbot to 3Ir. Richard Gillingham. 

"New York, 24 November, 1702. 
^^ My Dear Friend : 

"I take all opportunities to let you know that I live, and 
shall be glad to hear as much of you. Friend Keith and I 
have been above 500 miles together visiting the churches in 
these parts of America, viz.. New England, New Hampshire, N. 
Bristol, N. London, N. York, and the Jerseys as far as Phila- 
delphia. We preached in all churches where we came, and in 
several Dissenters' meetings such as owned the Church of 



IX BURLINGTON. 27 

England to be their mother church, and were Milling to com- 
municate with her and to submit to her Bishops if they had 
opportunity ; I have baptized severall persons, whom Mr. Keith 
has brought over from Quakerism, and indeed in all places 
where we come, we find a great ripeness and inclination amongst 
all sorts of people to embrace the Gospel. Even the Indians 
themselves have promised obedience to the Faith, as appears by 
a conference that my Lord Cornbury the Governor here has had 
with thera at Albany : five of their sachems or kings told him 
they were glad to hear that the sun shined in England again 
since King William's Death ; they did admire at first what was 
come to us, that we should have a squaw sachem, viz.: a 
woman-king, but they hoped she would be a good mother and 
send them some to teach them religion, and establish Traffick 
among them that they might be able to purchase a coat, and not 
go to church in Bear Skins, and so they send our Queen a 
present, ten Bear Skins to make her fine, and one for a muif to 
keep her warm; after many Presents and Compliments they 
signed the treaty and made the Covenant so sure that they said 
Thunder and Lightning should not break it on their part, if we 
did not do as the Lord Bellamont did, throw it into the sea. 
The papists have been zealous and diligent to send priests and 
Jesuits to convert these Indians to their superstitions ; 'tis 
wonderfully acted, ventured and suffered upon that design; 
they have indeed become all things, and even turned Indians as 
it were to gain them, which I hope will provoke some of us to 
do our part for our holy faith and mother the Church of Eng- 
land. One of their Priests lived half a vear in their wio-wam* 
(i. e. houses) without a shirt, and when he petitioned my Lord 
Bellamont for a couple, he was not only denyed but banished; 
whereas one of ours, in Discourse with my Lord of London, 
said, ' who did his Lordship think would come hither that had 
a dozen shirts.' U I had their language or wherewith to main- 
tain an Interpreter, it should be the first thing I should do, to 
go amongst the thickest of 'em. Mr. Keith says if he were 
younger he would learn their language and then I'm sure he 
might convert them sooner than the Heathen called Quakers- 
Indeed he is the fittest man that ever came over for this province. 



28 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

he is a well study'd divine, a good philosopher and Preacher, 
but above all an excellent Disputant, especially against the 
Quakers, who use to challenge all mankind formerly. Now all 
the. Friends (or enemies rather) are not able to answer one 
George Keith ; he knows the Depths of Satan within them and 
all the Doublings and AVindiugs of the Snahe in the Grass. In 
short he has become the best champion against all Dissenters, 
that the Church ever had, and he's sett up such a Light in their 
Dark places, that by God's blessing will not be putt out. The 
Clergy here have had a soj^t of Convocation at the Instance and 
Charge of his Excellency Col. Nicholson Governor of Virginia; 
Ave were but seven in all ; and a w'eek together, we sat consider- 
ing of ways and means to propagate the Gospel, and to that 
End we have drawn up a scheme of the present state of the 
Church in these provinces which you shall see when I have 
time to transcribe it, and I shall desire you .to send it afterwards 
to my good brother Kemble. AVe have great need of a Bishop 
here to visit all the churches to ordain some, to confirm others, 
and bless all. AYe pray for my good Lord of London, we can- 
not have better than he whilst he lives, therefore in the mean 
time we shall be very well content with a suifragan. INIr. 
Keith's mission will be out about a year hence ; by that time I 
hope to get some tokens for my good friends and Benefactors. 
But as for myself I am so well satisfied with a prospect of doing 
good that I have no inclination to return for England ; however 
be so kind as to let me know how you doe, which will be a 
comfort to me in the wilderness. You know all my friends, 
pray let them, especially my mother and my sister Hannah, 
know that I am well, God be praised, and shall be glad to hear 
so much of them. I cannot write many letters, much less one 
two or three times over as when I had nothing else to do. I 
pray God bless you and all my Friends, I desire the Benefit of 
their prayers, though I cannot have that of their good Com- 
pany. I know you'll take all in good part that comes from 

" Your old Friend, 

" John Talbot. 
" P. S. — I have many places offered me but I know not 
where I shall settle, in mean time you may direct your letters 



IX BURLIXGTOX. 29 

for me to be left with Mr. Bridge of Boston N. E. Mr. Vesey 
at X". York, Mr. Evans at Philadelphia and Mr. Wallace in 
Virginia." 

ROBERT WHEELER AXD FAMILY. 

'^ Februar)/ 21, Sunday, 1702. I preached at Burlington in 
West Jersey, on Rom. 10. 7, <S, 9. — \_0r, Who shall descend into 
the deepf [that is, to bring up Christ again from the dead.) Bu^ 
ichat saith it/ The tuord is nigh thee, even in thy mouth, and. 
in thy heart: that is, the word of faith, lohich we preach) That 
if thou shalt confess loith thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalf 
believe in thine lieart that God hath raised, him from the dead, 
thou shalt be saved.'] — and Feb. 22. I baptized the Wife of Mr. 
Hob. Wheeler and his three Children, f and five others : in all 
9 Persons. He and his Wife had been Quakers, but are come 
over to the Church. He did most kindly and hospitally enter- 
tain us at his house, gratis, the several times that we travelled 
to and fro in those Parts : And the like kind and free Enter- 
tainment he gives to all Ministers of the Church that travel 
that way." — KeiUCs Journal. 

TWO HUNDRED POUNDS TOWARDS A CHURCH. 

3Ir. Keith to the Bishop of London. Extracts. 

"Philadelphia, 26th February, 1702-3. 



u Tl 



The Congregation here has been considerably enlarged in 
number by those called Keithian Quakers, coming into the 
Church, whose good examples many others have followed both 
in town and country, and since my arrival in this Country 
there has been some increase in Divers places both of those 
formerly called Iveithians and others who are well affected to 
the Church. In E. Jersey the Iveithians are generally zealous 
for the Church and divers others'whom they have an influence 
upon. Mr. Talbot, my Companion, and I have laboured among 
them, in preaching from place to place, and had much con- 
fin the first Parish Eegister — mentioned in the Preface— in the hand- 
writing of Mr. Talbot, is this: "Eebekah Wheeler & her Children, John 
Kebekah, Kobert & Mary Baptized b}- Mr, G. Keith on Sunday fleb: 22, 170f." 



30 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

ference with them in private from House to House, for the 
space of two mouths, and we baptized two and twenty persons, 
young and old of those called Keithians. In W. Jersey also 
those formerly called Keithians are well affected and came from 
divers parts to visit me, and heard me, and showed me Love 
and Affection. I have been here not much above a month, and 
have preached nine times in the Church here, having had large 
auditories, sometimes about a thousand persons in the Church, 
but not all of the Church, many of them Presbyterians, some 
Anabaptists, and some Quakers, but the Quakers of late have 
made an Act that none of their way shall come, which has at 
present put a stop to their coming. I have also had much 
private discourse with some who yet remain Keithians, and use 
to meet together ; of divers of them, I have good hope, they 
have frequently come to Church to hear me, and last Sunday I 
went and preached in their meeting, with which some of them 
were well pleased though others not. * * 

"The people well affected to the Church have gathered two 
hundred pounds towards building a Church at Burlington, in 
W. Jersey, they are to begin to build as they have told rae this 
Spring ; also at Amboy, in E. Jersey, they intend to do the 
like. Colonel Morris is a very good friend to the Church and 
a promoter of it, and was very kind and assistant to us, and is 
very regular in his family, and his Lady is a very pious and 
good Woman, his family is a little Church ; he useth the Com- 
mon Prayer in his family daily, and on Sundays his neighbours 
come to his house, as to a Church, and at times Mr. Junesse 
preacheth in his house. I suppose your Lordship remembereth 
Mr. Junesse, a good man, but a nonjuror. 

" My Lord, if but 3 or 4 pious and able ministers were sent 
over to supply the present necessity in these provinces of E. and 
W. Jersey and Pensylvania, it would be of exceeding great 
service to promote and increase the Church. At Chester, in 
Pensylvania, 16 miles Southward from Philadelphia, by the 
River Delaware, some well affected persons have built a brave 
Church. Mr. Yates, who lives at Chester, has been the main 
promoter of it; they are to write to your Lordship earnestly to 
request your Lordship to send them an able and pious Minister. 



I^ BURLIXGTOX. 



31 



The Quakers are very many and rich, in and about that place, 
but some of good note of them called Iveithians are well affected 
to the Church in that County who would certainly join with 
the Church, if they had a Minister. I have lately preached at 
Chester and had an auditory of above 200 persons, and also at 
the Houses of 2 Iveithians, my former friends and acquaint- 
ances, who received me with much affection. I am forced tn 
use this term of distinction to distinguish them called Keithian. 
from the other sort of Quakers who generally are most refractorv 
and pertinacious in their Errors, but yet there is hope of many 
of the Youth among them. 

There is here at Philadelphia a brave vestry of men, both 
pious and very discreet and in good unity and harmonv one 
with another, and kind to their Ministers, and they have been 
very civil and Respectfull to us. "We have lodged all the time 
of our stay here at Philadelphia, with an ancient Gentlewoman 
a widow called Mistress Welch, formerly a Keithian but now a 
zealous Churchwoman and so is her daughter. 

" My Lord, having thus far given you an account in general 
of things hereaway, I shall not enlarge upon this subject; what 
further shall occur in my Travels, I think to acquaint vour 
Lordship from time to time. His Excellency Governor Nich- 
olson is a very great patron and benefactor to all the Xew- 
Erected Churches in these Northern parts of America. 
" ^ renic^in your Lordship's most humble 

"And most obliged servant, 

" George Keith." 

laxd foe erecting a church. 
"Whereas severall well disposed Persons with others (Inhab- 
itants in & about Burlington) together with Nathaniell West- 
land Robert Wheeler & Hugh Huddy have agreed together 
to purchase a Lott or parcell of Land as well for the Enla?geing 
of that or those parcells of Land ffenced in for Christian bury'^ 
ing ground as also for the Erecting a Church & other buildings 
as occasion may serve for Charitable uses and for the same 
intent & purpose have respectively disbursed or agreed to dis- 
burse into the hands of the- saidi Xathaniell Westland Robert 



32 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

Wheeler & Hugh Hiicldy (as flfeofFees in Trust) certainc Sumes of 
money," therefore, on the 6th of March, "In the Yeare of our 
Lord according to English acco'" 1702, "the said Nathaniell 
Westland Robert Wheeler & Hugh Huddy, as well for them- 
selves as also in trust," for the Sume of Twenty pounds of Cur- 
rant Silver money within the Province," bought of " AVilliani 
Hollinshead & John Hollinshead, Yeomen," all that " Lott " 
of Land in Burlington " bounded Easterly by a street commonly 
called Wood street & adjoyning to & Rangeing with the Easterly 
end of that Land purchased lately & ffenced in for Christian 
burving ground & runs thence in a direct Line bounded bv 
said Wood street unto the street called Broad street & soe runs 
Westerly bounded by the said Broad street until 1 it Range 
in a direct Line with the Westerly end of the said Burying 
ground & is the same in Length with the said Burying ground," 
"to have & to hold the said Lott" "for the Publick uses afore- 
said." Extracts' from Original Deed. 

C0E2sER-ST0XE OF THE CHURCH LAID. 

3Ir. Talbot to Mr. Gillingham. 

"New Castle, 10th April, 1703. 

"I have gone with Mr. Keith and without him, about East 
and West Jersey Preaching and baptising several scores of men, 
women and children, encouraging; them to build Churches bv 
promising them in time ministers from England, and that the 
Honorable Society would take care to send none but sober, good 
men well qualified in all respects for the work of the ministry. 
I look upon it that the sending Mr. Keith in quality of a mis- 
sionary, to travel for the good of the Churches, has been the 
best service that has been done yet for the Church of England 
in these parts of the world ; for he is a general scholar, an able 
disputant and a perfectly honest man. He is in a word Hereti- 
corum malleus, and so he hiid need ; having to deal with some 
of the worst that ever troubled the Church or the World. Here 
is little or no Government, and people in many places take the 
liberty to say there be three Gods, or no God, and nothing is 
done to them. Certainlv 'tis better to live wheie nothins: is 



IN BURLINGTON. 33 

lawful than where all things are. Since I came to be more 
acquainted with the Quakers I have much worse opinion of 
them than ever I had. It appears by William Penn's book, 
that he is a greater Antichrist than Julian the apostate. Hi 
has said that Christ is a finite, impotent creature ; and Faith in 
the History of Christ's outward manifestation is a deadly poyson 
these latter ages have been infected withal, to the destruction or 
holy Living. Who was defender of the Faith when the lewd 
Heretick was made Governor and Proprietor of a province? 
Certainly God gave this Land into the hands of the English, 
that they might Publish the Gospell and give knowledge of 
Salvation to these people ; and I am sure the King gave this to 
William Penn, with Injunction expressly in his patent, that he 
should endeavor to convert the Indians to the Faith; but 
instead of that he labours to make Christians Heathens ; and 
proclaims Liberty and Priviledge to all that believe in one God, 
and yet when they come here they say there are three or none, 
and yet be borne out by the Quakers against the Christians. 
They pretend they ought not to fight, yet I have seen several 
commissions, under several of their Governor's hands to kill, 
&c. God bless Queen Anne, and defend her that she may 
defend the Faith ; and her Faithful Councellours if they have 
any piety or policy I'm sure will take some course with these 
Heathens and Hereticks, for if they be let alone to take the 
sword (which they certainly will when they think they are 
strong enough) w^e shall perish with it, for not opposing them 
in due time. Notwithstanding the Toleration they are subject 
to all the penal laws, as you'll find if you read the Act, and 
were I in England, and had as much knowledge in Law as you, 
I would bring Statutes and • Judgments against them. I have 
done so att New York where there is a good Governor, my 
Lord Cornbury. 

" Last Lord's day I was at Burlington, the chief Town in 
West Jersey, where I have preached many times in a house 
hard by the Quakers' meeting ; we shall have one too, I hope, 
when we return here again from Virginia, where we think to 
stay but two or three months ; after sermon I went out with the 
rest of the people, and laid the corner stone of Saint Mary's 



34 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

Church. God grant it may rise to be the house of God, and the 
Gate of Heaven to them. 

"It seems the Honorable Gentlemen of the Corporation have 
considered my Travels for the Service of the Church, and liave 
given me a handsome allowance to bear my charges with Mr* 
Keith. Pray give Ihem my hearty service and thanks to let 
them know that, by the grace of God, I shall make it my busi- 
ness to fulfil my mission. Pray remember my duty and Love 
to my Good Mother ; I hope she is alive and well, let her not 
want £10 per annum, as long as I have £60 coming to me, 
which will be due the 12th of June next ensuing. It grieves 
me much to see so many People here without the benefit of 
serving God in the wilderness. I believe I have been solicited 
to tarry at twenty Places where they want much, and are able 
to maintain a minister, so that he should want nothing ; they 
send to New England and call any sorry young mauj purely for 
want of some good honest clergyman of the Church of England. 
Many go to the heathen meetings of the People called Quakers? 
because there are no houses of God in their provinces, till at last 
they come to be bewitched and forced out of their Faith and 
senses too. The country is a good land in all parts of it, bating 
the sudden change of Heat and Cold, which, if people be not 
careful, they are many times the worse for. The air is generally 
clear and pure. Nobody complains here of the spleen, unless 
he has also an evil conscience attending. I saw Mr. Burley, 
Mr. Scott's friend, at Philadelphia. I was at his house, he 
lives very well and entertained me very civilly, and was glad 
to hear of his old Friends. I am but poor at present, being 
robbed by a negro ©fall my money out of my Portmanteau ; the 
young slut did not leave me one Token for myself, only I got 
the bao; arain. But blessed be God I never wanted meat 
nor drink, nor cloaths neither as yet ; but if you don't send 
me some cloaths next shipping, instead of going as they 
do in White Hall, I shall go as the Indians do. I shall be 
content, let it be as it will. I might have had money enough 
here if I would have taken what People have offered me, but 
lest the Quakers should say truly, as they do fiilsely, that we 



IX BURLIXGTOX. 35 

come for money and preach for lure, I preach the Gospel as 
freely as the Apostles did to the first Churches. 

a^v' T ,. ^ "Virginia, 8th June. 

^^ nen I wrote this, I missed the opportunity to send it so 
1 brought It hither with me so you must take it rough a. it 
runs. We have been now at our journey's end in X. Carolina 
as far as we could goe, now we tack about and stand another 
Avay to Philadelphia again, thus George Keith's home and mine 
IS every ivhere. Governor Xicholson has been very kind and 
generous to me. I pray God prosper him long in his Govern- 
ment; he has some enemies as well as other men, but none of 
them can deny but he is a just magistrate in his place. I have 
sent the scheme of our Church affiiirs by one Mr Beverlv 
an honest Gentleman of this Country, who is bound for Eng- 
land very speedily : you'll hear of him at Mr. Parrv's the 
\ irginia Merchant. George Keith comes home next vear • 
then if I can get anything worthy sending, I shall have a 'care- 
full hand to deliver it. There is one Mr. Keyes, my Lord of 
London s tayior ; you may deal with him to send me a chest of 
eloathes, new or old, once a year. Direct them or anythinc. else 
for me to be left with George Walker at Kecoughtan in Vir- 
ginia. I am 



"Semper Idem, 



"J. T." 



" Deae Friend : 



THE CHmCH CALLED ST. .AIARY's. 
Mr. Talbot to Mr. GiUinghara. 

"Virginia, 3d May, 1703. 



"Xow at last (God be praised) we are arrived at the Haven 
where we would be. Mr. Keith is got to his Daughter's house, 
and I am got amongst my old Friends and acquaintance in 
these parts, who are very glad to see me; especially those of the 
ministry, who came over along with me. Here has been great 
a terations in these ten years. Since I was here manv of mv 
old Friends are dead, but I have found some new in their stead • 
amongst which is the bearer, Mr. Robert Beverly, who has one 



36 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

of the ])est liouses and plantations in this country, where I 
reckon myself as it were, at home, he has been so courteous and 
civil. But there is some dispute in Law concerning the Title, 
and he is come over to see about it ; wherein I hope you M'ill 
and can be serviceable to him, and I shall take it as done to 
myself. I have sent vou several Letters, but have none vet 
from nobody. I hear the Honorable Gentlemen of the Society 
at Bow have ordered £60 per annum for travelling charges ; 
£30 I have received upon Bill. I desire you to receive the 
other £30 to buy Books for a friend of mine here, who will 
repay me. I desire you to lay out £10 more in cloathes and 
shirts which I desire neighbour Leviton to buy for me, and 
send them in some ship to jSew York directed to me, to be left 
at Mr. Vesey's, minister there. I shall be glad to hear how all 
our Friends do, especially my good mother. Pray let me know 
where she is, and how she does, let her have decern minas upon 
my account as long as she lives. I have sent the present state 
of the Church, apud Americanos as far as we have gone; the first 
year from Dover, eighty miles eastward from Boston in New 
England, to Philadelphia in Pensylvania ; since that scheme 
Avas finished, I have gone up and down in E. and AY. Jersey 
preaching and baptizing and preparing the way for several 
Churches there. At Amboy they are going to build one, at 
Hopewell another, and at Shrewsbury, Coll. Morris is going to 
build one at his own cost and charge, and he will endow it as 
jie says, which I don't doubt, for he is an honest Gentleman, 
and a member of the Honorable Society for Propagating the 
Gospel in Foreign parts. I was at Burlington last Lady day, 
and after prayers we went to the Ground where they were going 
to build a Church, and I laid the first stone, which I hope will 
be none other than the House of God and Gate of Heaven to 
the People. Coll. Nicholson, Governor here, was the chief 
founder of this as well as many more; and indeed he has been 
the benefactor to all the Churches on this land of North America. 
God bless this Church and let them prosper that love it. AVe 
called this Church St. Mary's, it being upon her day. January 
last I was at the opening of a church at Chester ; I preached 
the first sermon that ever was there, on Sunday the day before 



IX BURLIXGTOX. 37 

the Conversion of St. Paul, and after much debate what to call 
it, I named it St. Paul's. This is one of the best Churches in 
these American Parts, and a very pleasant place ; but they have 
no minister as yet, but Mr. Evans of Philadelphia officiated 
there once in three weeks. The Governor of Virginia is build- 
ing several more churches: Two at Xorth Carolina, where we 
are going next week, and one at Xew Castle, where in all 
appearance we shall have a considerable Congregation of Chris- 
tian People. The place is very well planted for trade both by 
sea and Land. It being allmost in the midway between Phila- 
delphia and Maryland upon Delaware River ; where, God wil- 
ling, I intend to spend some labour and pains ; though I can't 
find in my heart to settle in any place for my own, but to travel, 
as I told you, for the good of the Church in general. I should 
be glad to hear how you did about the Centurion, and how mat- 
ters of account stand between us. Tis good to reckon some 
time if we never intend to pay, though I hope to be out of debt 
to the world. Yet I shall always count mvself obhVed to mv 
friend. I have been with George Keith a year next June 12th, 
then my £60 becomes due. This has been a sickly year cqmd 
Americanos, but God be praised I have had good health all this 
time. And I believe I have done the Church more service 
since I came hither than I would in seven years in Enf:;land. 
Perhaps when I have been here six or seven years, I mav make 
a Trip home to see some Friends (for they won't come to me) 
but then it will be Animo Revertendi, for I have given myself 
up to the service of God and his Church apud Americanos ; and 
I had rather dye in the service than desert it. Pray give my 
service and thanks to the Honorable Society for their Generous 
Allowance to bear my charges. I shall take care to fulfill my 
mission, and goe as far with it as any body that they shall send 
forth. We came hither in a sloop from Pensylvania, when 
we were out of Delaware River, a Xorth west wind took us and 
carried us out to sea and lost us ten or twelve hours so as I was 
never lost in my life ; 'tis true sometimes, as the sailor saves, 
the last storm was the worst. The sea never got anv thing 
before by my sickness, but then I was so sick that I had much 
adoe to keep my bowels within my body ; we arrived safe at 



38 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

last, God be praised ; but I shall be hardly catched on board so 
small a vessel again in a good while. We are going now by 
laud to Pamplico in North Carolina, a place where there never 
was any minister bnt only one Dan. Brett, a scandalous Fellow, 
that has done more harm than good every where. He was the 
worst I think that ever came over. 

" We want a great manv good ministers here in America, 
especially in those parts mentioned in the scheme ; but we had 
better have none at all than such scandalous beasts as some 
make themselves ; not only the worst of ministers but of men. 
If you know none so good as to come, I hope you will find them 
that are willing to send. Some good books would do very well 
in the mean while. I am sure there is no want of them in 
England, they have enough and to spare. Indeed we have had 
many of Dr. Bray's books and I could wish we had more. But 
his way and method is not the best for this people that we have 
to do withal, Quakers and Quakers' friends ; to most of them, 
nothing but controversv will serve their turn, 'tis a hard matter 
to persuade to the Baptismal Covenant, on which the Doctor 
has writ three or four Books to the folio, that they may be ever 
learning and yet never be able to come to the knowledge of the 
Creed, the Lord's Prayer, nor the Ten Commandments. 

" Those that we have to deal with are a sharp and inquisitive 
people : they are not satisfied with one Doctor's opinion but 
must have something that is authentick if we hope to prevail 
with them. 

*' We should have some Common Prayer Books new or old, 
of all sorts and sizes with the thirty-nine articles, and some 
books of Homily's, to set up the worship and service of God till 
we have ministers ; some of Dr. Comber's Books would be of 
right good use here to give those that ask a Reason of all things 
contained in our English Liturgies ; which has still stood the 
Best Test of all adversaries that were not blind and deaf. 
Above all, Mr. Lesly, the Author of the 'Snake in the Grass,' 
has given Quakerism a deadly wound, I hope never to be healed: 
and his five Discourses about Baptism and Episcopacy have 
brought manv to the Church. We vrant a 1000 of them to dis- 
pose of in the way that we goe. I use to take a wallet full of 



IX BURLINGTOX. 39 

Books and cany them 100 miles about, and disperse them 
abroad, and give them to all that desired them; which in due 
time will be of good service to the Church ; 'tis a comfort to the 
people in the Wilderness to see that some body takes care of 
them. There is a time to sow and a time to reap, which last I 
don't desire in this world. I might have money enough of the 
people in many places, but I would never take any of those that 
we goe to proselyte, especially amongst the Quakers; I resolved 
to work with my hands rather than they should say I was a 
hireling, and come for money, which they are very apt to do. 
The Governour of Virginia, my old Friend, has been very 
generous to us, and has taken care that nothing be wanting to 
us while we are in his Territories ; if there were such another 
Governour in America, it would be much cheaper travelling for 
the missionaries. But alas! I am afraid we shall lose him 
before we get such another. There are a parcel of men in the 
world, that are given to change, and don't know when they are 
well themselves, nor can't let others alone that do. But more 
of this another time, I have writ enough to tire you and myself 
too: you must take it as it is. I have something else to do now 
than write letters twice over; rough as it runs I hope you'll 
take it in good part. AVith my Love and Service to all Friends, 
I desire your Prayers, and rest 

"Your real Friend, 
• " And servant, 

"J. T." 

THE FIEST SEEMOX IX THE CHUECH. 

" August 22, Sunday, 1703. I preached at the New Church at 
Burlington, on 2 Sam. 23. 3, 4. — \_The God of Israel said, the Rod: 
of Israel spake to me. He that rideth over men must be just, riding 
in the fear of God. And he shall be as the light of the morning, 
when the sunriseth, even a morning icithout clouds; as the tender 
grass springing otd of the earth by clear shining after rain.] — M}' 
Lord Cornbury was present and many Gentlemen who accom- 
panied him, both from Neic York, and the two Jerseys, having 
Jiad his Commission to be Governour of West and East- Jersey, 



40 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH. 

Read at the Town House there, some Days before. It was the 
first Sermon that was Preached in that Church. 

"August 29, Sunday. I preached agahi at the Church in JBur- 
lington, on James 1. 22. — \^But be ye doers of the word, and not 
hearers only, deceiving your oum selves.Ji 

"Sept. 5j Sunday. I preached at Philadelphia, on Ads 2. 41, 
42. — \_Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and 
the same day there were added unto them about three thousand 
souls. And they continued steadfastly in the apostles^ doctrine and 
fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in 2')rayers.~\ — being 
Sacrament Day. 

"Sept. 12, Sunday. I preached at the Church in Burlington, 
a Second Sermon, on James 1. 22. Mr. Talbot preached tliat 
Day at Chester in Pensilvania.^' J^eith^s Journal. 

THE CHURCH ALMOST FINISHED. 

3Ir. Talbot to the Secretary. — Extract. 

"Philadelphia, 1st September, 1703. 
"Sir: 

"Mr. Keith and I have preached the Gospel to all sorts and 
conditions of men, we have baptized several scores of men? 
women and children, chiefly those of his old Friends (the rest 
are hardened just like the Jews who please not God and are 
contrary to all men), we have gathered several liuudreds 
together for the Church of Eugland, and what is more, to build 
houses for her service. There are four or five going forward 
now in this province and the next. That at Burlington is 
allmost finished. Mr. Keith preached the first sermon in it 
before my Lord Cornbury, whom the Queen has made Gover- 
nour of Jersey to the satisfaction of all Christian people. 
Churches are going up amain where there were never any 
before. They are going to build three at N. Carolina to keep the 
people together, lest they should fall into Heathenism, Quaker- 
ism &c. &G., and three more in these lower counties about 
New Castle, besides that at Chester, Burlington and Araboy. 

"And I must be so just to a member of your Society, his- 
Excellency Francis Nicholson, Governour of Virginia, as to. 



IN BURLINGTON. 41 

acknowledge him to be the Prime Benefactor and Founder, in 
chief of them all ; so generous has he been to the church ; so 
just to the State, so far from taking of bribes, that he will not 
receive a present from any, great or small. Therefore we have 
hopes that it will please God and the Queen to give him time 
to perfect the good works that he has begun ; that he may see 
the Church prosper and prevail against all her enemies, which 
I dare say is all that he desires ; being zealous for the honour 
of the Church of England which is the mother of us all. Upon 
her account it was that I was willing to travel with Mr. Keith, 
indeed I was loath he should go alone, now he was for us, who 
I'm sure would have had followers enough had he come against 
us. Besides, I had another end in it, that by his free Conversa- 
tion and Learned Disputes both with his Friends and Enemies, 
I have Learnt better in a year to deal with the Quakers, than I 
could by several years' study in the schools. We want more of 
his narratives which would be of good use here where we often 
meet with the Quakers and their Books. More of his answers 
to Robert Barklay would come well to the clergy of Maryland 
and Virginia, &c. Barklay 's book has done most mischief, 
therefore Mr. Keith's answer is more requisite and necessary. 
Mr. Keith has done great service to the Church where ever he 
has been, by Preaching and disputing, publicly and from house 
to house ; he has confuted many (especially the Anabaptists) ; 
by Labor and Travel night and day, by writing and printing of 
books mostly at his own charge and costs and giving them out 
freely, which has been very expensive to him. By these means 
People are much awakened, and their Eyes opened to see the 
good old way, and they are very well pleased to find the Church 
at last take such care of her children. For it is a sad thinor to 
consider the years that are past, how some that were born of the 
English, never heard of the name of Christ, how many others 
were baptized in his name and follow away to Heathenism, 
Quakerism, and Atheism for want of confirmation. 

" It seems the strangest thing in the world and 'tis thought 
History can not parallel it, that any place has received the Word 
of God so many years, so many hundred Churches built, so 
many thousand proselytes made, and still remain altogether in 



42 HISTORY OF THE CPIURCH 

the Aviklerness as sheep without a shepherd. The poor church of 
America is worse off in this respect than any of her adversaries. 

" The Presbyterians here come a great way to lay hands one 
on another ; but after all I think they had as good stay at home, 
for the good they do. The Independents are called by their 
Sovereign Lord the People. The Anabaptists and Quakers 
pretend to the spirit. But the poor Church has no body upon 
the spot to comfort or confirm her children. No body to ordain 
severall that are willing to serve, were they authorized for the 
work of the ministry. Therefore they fall back again into the 
Herd of the Dissenters, rather than they will be at the Hazard 
and Charge to go as far as England for orders ; so that we have 
seen severall Counties, Islands and Provinces, which have hardly 
an Orthodox minister amongst them, which might have been 
supplied had we been so happy as to see a Bishop or Sutfragan 
apud Americanos. 

" We count ourselves happy, and indeed so we are, under the 
protection and Fatherly Care of the Right Rev. Father in God, 
Henry Lord Bishop of London, and we are all satisfied that we 
can't have a greater Friend and Patron than himself. But alas! 
there is such a great Gulph fixt between us, that we can't pass 
to him nor he to us ; but may he not send a Suffragan ? I 
believe I am sure there are a great many learned and Good men 
in England, and I believe also did our Gracious Qneen Anne 
but know the necessities of her many good subjects in these 
parts of the world, she would allow £1000 per annum, rather 
than so many souls should suffer ; and then it would be a hard 
case if there should not be found one amongst so many pastors 
and Doctors [de tot millibus, unus qui transiens, adjuvet nos) ; 
meanwhile I don't doubt but some learned and good man would 
go further, and do the Church more service with £100 per 
annum than with a coach and six, 100 years hence. 

" The Reverend author of the ' Snake in the Grass ' has clone 
great service here by his Excellent Book ; no body that I know 
since the Apostles' dayes has managed controv^i'sie better against 
all Jews, Heathens and Heretics; many here have desired to 
see the author, however I hope we shall not want his works. 



IX BURLINGTOX. 43 

especially against the Quakers, and the five discourses which 
have convinced many, and are much desiderated. 

" Those boxes of books that were sent over last year, Mr. 
Keith has disposed of in their several Places as directed. I 
have carried of the small sort, in a wallet, some hundred miles,! 
and distributed them to the people as I saw need. They have 
been long upon the search for truth in these parts, they see 
through the vanity and pretences of all Dissenters, and generally 
tend directly to the Church. Xow is the time of harvest, we 
want a hundred hands for the work, meanwhile two or three, 
that are well chosen, will do more good there than all the rest ; 
for we find by sad experience that people are better where they 
have none, than where they have an /// minister. Next unto 
God, our eyes are upon the Corporation for help in this heavy 
case. I dare say nothing has obtained more reputation to the 
Church and nation of England abroad than the honorable society 
for Reformation of manners and the Reverend and honorable 
eorporation for Propagating the Gospel in Foreign Parts. 

" The Quakers compass sea and land to make proselytes ; 
they send out yearly a parcel of vagabond Fellows that ought 
to be taken up and put in Bedlam rather than suffer to go about 
raving and railing against the Laws and Orders of Christ and 
his Church; and for why? Their preaching is of cursing and 
Lyes, poysoning the souls of the people with damnable errors 
and heresies, and not content with this in their own Territories 
of Pensylvania, but they travel with mischief over all parts as 
far as they can goe, over Virginia and Maryland, and again 
through Jersey and New York as far as Xew England ; but 
there they stop, for they have prevented them by good Laws 
and due Execution ; Fas est ab hoste doceri. Sir 
" Your most humble and obedient servant, 

"JoHX Talbot." 



t At the head of the fourth page of the Parish Register, Mr. Talbot has 
inscribed, in bold and beautiful letters, "Lal'S Deo apcd Americanos." 
Immediatelv following this, are recorded, baptisms administered bv him, in 
"Long Island, Oyster Bay;" "Freehold;" "Amboy;" and "EaVay, East 
Jersey." 



44 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

THE FIRST CHUECHWARDEXS APPEAL FOR AID. 

The Church Wardens &g of Burlington to the Lord Bishop of 

London. 

"BuRLiXGTOx in West Jersey 4 Sepf 1703 

" Jlost Reverend Father, 

" We few members of the church of England in this Collony 
of West new Jersey in America by the advice of our worthy 
Patron Coll. Nicholson Governor of Virginia did in November 
last penn our humble addresse to our majesty our Gracious Queen 
and also a petition to your Lordship wherein we demonstrated 
our Desigue to erect a church for the worship of God according 
to Law as established in England. 

" But the Quakers being numerous amongst us, & we a very 
few concerned are not able without the assistance of ■well dis- 
posed christians to accomplish this our religious undertaking, 
yet tho' it was not quite covered and flored nor plastered, nor 
glazed the 22"' of Aug. last M"" Keith & M"" Talbot preached 
before my Lord Cornbury therein, who was here then to pro- 
claime her majesty's commission for Governour of the Jerseys. 

" AVith our petition to your Lordship we presumed to inclose 
a little memorial : That when our Infant church by divine 
providence mett with benefactors in England some things might 
be sent us as Common Prayer Books Catechisms necessaries for 
the Communion Table & Pulpitt, Glass, nayles. Linseed Oyle; 
& a Bell these are things not to be had here for money, so we 
are in hopes God Almighty will move the hearts of well dis- 
posed christians to help us. 

"By a Letter from your Lordship to Coll Morris of East 
Jersey we are informed your Lordship designed sending us a 
minister for w*^'' we have cause to adore the goodness of God who 
is pleased to move your Lordships heart to take pity upon our 
poor souls, we most humbly begg your Lordships prayers for us, 
that the Almighty's Blessing may be upon us that Schisms & 
Heresies may vanish, that many souls amongst us may be 
brought into the true orthodox faith : then shall our congrega- 
tion encrease we & our Posterity for so great a blessing will 
have ever cause to praise and magnify God Almightie's goodness 



IN BUllLINGTOX. 45 

for his Instruments in Promoting so religious and glorious a 
Avork. 

'' We having but even now notice of M"" Thomas the Minister 
att Philadelphia his departing from thence in a day or two, we 
could not get more hands, many of our brethereu being att some 
considerable distance^ on our own and their behalf's presumed to 
subscribe our selves 

" Right reverend Father in God, your Lordships 
" ever obliged humble & obedient Servants, 

f Nath'- Westland 
" Church loardens \ Robert Wheeler 

John Jeavell." 

every place wants MR. TALBOT. 

Mr. Keith to the Secretary. 

'' Philadelphia, 4"" September 1703. 
* * " Notwitiistanding the averseness of those called 
Foxonian Quakers, everywhere generally (some few excepted; 
those formerly called Keithian Quakers both in E. & W. Jersey 
and Pensylvania and at New York did kindly receive us and 
most are come over to the Church with good zeal, so that in E. 
& W. Jersey and some other places above a hundred have been 
baptized by M"" Talbot and me and M"" Evans very lately ; most 
of them Keithians formerly so called, and their children : and 
they greatly desire that good and able ministers may be sent 
among them, particularly at Burlington in W. Jersey, at Shrews- 
bury in E. Jersey, where Coll. Morris lives, and who has been 
very Instrumental to them, &, very kind to us and hospitable ; 
also at Chester in Pensylvania they greatly desire a minister, and 
at New Castle by the River Delaware. In Burlington, the 
people assisted by the county and some others, especially by the 
beneficence of Governour Nicholson, have built a church of 
Brick where I preached two weeks ago before Lord Cornbury, 
who was come thither to publish his Commission to be Gover- 
nour of these two provinces of E. & W. Jersey now put into 
one. The Church was very full of People, and the next Sunday 
after that, I preached there again and had a considerable audi- 
tory. * * I had your kind letter wherein you give me notice 



46 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

— that the Hororable Corporation hath allowed Mr. John 
Talbot to be my associate in my travels, and that they give £60 
per annum to bear his charge, for which I humbly thank them : 
he hath been very comfortable to me and serviceable throughout, 
and is universally so well beloved that in every place where they 
want a Minister they have desired to have him, and especially 
at Burlington and in E. Jersey. He designs to stay in these 
American parts, and in my opinion I think the Corporation will 
hardly find any one fitter to send to be their missionary, (and 
to give him the best post either on Long Island or E. or ^\'. 
Jersey,) than he is, being so well known & beloved both for his 
preaching and good Conversation, and civil and obliging be- 
haviour. But I leave it wholly to the discretion of the Honor- 
able Corporation where to fix him after his time is expired with 
me, which will be about eight months hence, when my two years 
which I design to travel in these American parts will be out ; 
and, God willing, I design to come to England in the Fleet that is 
to sail from Virginia to London next Spring or Summer, if God 
please to spare ray life and give me health and Preservation. 

J^c 5ji >iC 

"As you advised me I keep a Journal of all observal.ile 
occurrences which I hope to produce at my return. 
" I remain, 

" Your obliged and affectionate friend, 

" George Keith." 

the keithiax quakers well affected. 

J/r. Keith to Dr. Bray. 

"Philadelphia, 24th Feb. 1703-4. 
"Dr. Bray— 

"Reverexd and Worthy Sir: 

"My very humble and kind respects 
remembered to you, and all our friends with you ; having this 
occasion I was glad to accept of it (as of all occasions that occur) to 
write unto you. I writ unto you from New York, in Novem- 
ber last, together with our scheme of the State of the Church in 
these Northern parts of America, and therewith I sent a long 



IN BURLINGTON. 47 

letter to the Honourable Corporation for Propagating the 
Gospel 1 in Foreign Parts, and a letter to my Lord of London, 
all which I enclosed in my letter to you, which I hope you have 
received. I have had no letter from you as yet, nor from anv 
of your honourable Corporation, but one from my worthy friend,, 
Mr. Chamber]ayne,t wherein he signified to me that your Cor- 
poration had not met, betwixt his receiving my Letters and the 
time of his writing to me, so that he could not say any thino-, 
what the Corporation would do, concerning allowing Mr. Tal- 
bot his charge in travelling with me, but he thought that they 
would be well satisfied that he was my companion, and would 
allow him what they thought was convenient. I have heard 
Mr. Talbot say that if they allow him £50 English monev per 
annum, it will do, and indeed that is little enough, and would 
not near do, but that we are often upon free quarters, more 
especially among our friends. Mr. Talbot, I hear, has a good 
character given of him, to my Lord of Canterbury, and indeed 
he deserves it, he has been mightly serviceable and comfortable 
to me in all respects, as a Son to his Father, and is well beloved 
by all where we have travelled, who are well affected to the 
Church : and has been much desired by the People in severa 
Places, to be their Minister (after he has finished his travels 
with me, which are like to be done, somewhat above a year 
hereafter) particularly at Chester, about 1(3 miles Southward 
from Philadelphia, by the river Delaware, where he has once 
preached, and hath brought over the same time there also, in 
the said Town of Chester, Mr. Yeates who lives there, and who 
has been the principal person, to cause build a Church, very 
decent and convenient of Brick, that will hold a thousand 
people, it is well glazed, but not as yet wainscotted nor plais- 
tered, but it is fit for use, and we have preached in it twice : the 
the 14th of this instant I preached in it, and there Avere above 
two hundred hearers, all generally well affected to the Church ; 
but they greatly desire a Minister, and if the Corporation please 
to give an yearly supply of £50 per annum, the people there,, 
and thereabouts, would contribute to make up the rest. This,. 

f He was Secretary of the Society. 



48 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

Mr. Yeates desired me to write to you to lay before my Lord of 
London and the Honourable Corporation. 

"Betwixt New York and Pensylvania we continued about a 
month, viz. from 14th of December to 11th of January travel- 
lino- anions: the Friends, call'd formerly the Keithian Quakers 
especially for East Jersey, having been about a whole month 
travellinsr amono- them before that, which was in the month 
October; and by God's blessing our labour has had good suc- 
cess among them, so that generally very few excepted, all the 
Keithians in East Jersey are well affected to the Church, and 
we baptized twenty two persons in East Jersey, all either Keith- 
ians or Keithian cliildren. I am forced to use this name of 
distinction to distinguish them from the other Quakers who are 
generally very stiff and averse from the Church, and all princi- 
ples of true Christianity everywhere, and who decline all dis- 
course or converse with us. Colonel Morris did very kindly 
entertain us at his house in East Jersey, and botJi he and his 
Lady went with us from meeting to meeting in divers places. 
At Amboy in East Jersey they have contributed about =£200 
towards building a Church and greatly desire a Minister. The 
Contributors are some Keithians and some other persons well 
affected to the Church. At Burlington also several persons 
(among whom some are Keithians) well affected to the Church 
have contributed about two hundred pounds towards building 
of a Church and they are to begin the Building this Spring. In 
all these new erectings of Churches in these Northern parts, 
Governor Nicholson has largely contributed, and is a mighty 
promoter and encourager of them by his Letters and Advice as 
well as his purse; as not only at Boston and Rhode Island, but 
at Burlington, in West Jersey, Chester, in Pensylvania, and here 
at Philadelphia. In all places where I have yet travelled, at 
Boston, Rhode Island, N. York and Philadelphia, the Ministers 
live very regularly and are in good esteem, and the Churches in 
good order, and the people generally devout, and well affected 
to the \Vord and the publick worship of God ;. at Concord, in 
Pensilvania, and thereabouts, especially at Thomas Powell's, 
formerly a Keithian, several people formerly Keithians, are well 
affected to the Church and entertained us kindly. Mr. Evans, 



IN BURLINGTON. 49 

Minister of Philadelphia, was with me and I preached at two 
several! places among them and they were well aifected ; also I 
had a publick dispute with one Killingsworth, an Anabaptist 
preacher at the house of Thomas Powell. This Killingsworth 
was sent for by some Anabaptists forty miles off to dispute with 
me. The dispute continued four hours, it has had good effect 
and it's hoped will have more ; they belong to the new Church 
at Chester above mentioned. I have preached here at Phila- 
delphia nine several times, and had great auditories, in some of 
them a thousand people were thought to be present, many 
besides the Church People, Quakers, Presbyterians and Ana- 
baptists. But of late the Quakers have made an act in their 
meeting that none of them may come to Church, which has oi 
late deterred them from coming. The ministers here are in 
very good esteem among the People and they have a brave 
vestry of good and wise men, and good concord, love and 
unanimity among them, so that the Church here is in a Flour- 
ishing Condition. And at Newcastle, 40 miles from Philadel- 
phia, there is at present no minister, they had a Presbyterian 
minister called Willson, but he has been gone about half a year. 
Could a Minister of the Church of England be sent among them, 
it's thought they would gladly receive him, and it would be of 
mighty service for advancing the Church in this province, it 
being, as it were, the Frontier. Also in other parts below New 
Castle, they want a Minister. 

" There is a mighty cry and desire, almost in all places where 
we have travelled, to have Ministers of the Church of England 
sent to them in these Northern parts of America; so that it may 
be said the Harvest is great but the labourers few, and some 
well affected to the Church have desired me to write to my 
Lord of Loudon and to you that if a Minister be not sent with 
the first Conveniency, Presbyterian Ministers from N. England 
would SAvarm into those countries and prevent the increase of 
the Church. They have here a Presbyterian meeting and 
minister, one called Andrews; but they are not like to increase 
here. I have had severall meetings with the Keithian Quakers 
here at my lodgings, and friendly conferences with them and 
their Preachers, and last Sunday I preached at a Keithian meet- 

D 



50 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

iiig house, and was kindly invited to dinner after the meeting 
by a man and his wife of that meeting, and that evening I 
preached at the Church. Divers of them (God be praised for 
the success) are like to be gained to the Church who have heard 
us frequently at the Church and are well aft'ected. Their chief 
speaker, John Hart, has vented a most absurd notion in his 
Discourses and vindicates it in his preaching, (viz.) That true 
Believers ought not to fear Hell and Damnation, so mucl: as 
conditionally, and they ought to serve God only from love to 
him, without all regard to punishment or Scripture threaten- 
ings, so much as conditionally. I have in two severall meet- 
ings at my Lodgings, in the hearing of his followers, detected 
his errors, and last Sunday I preached a long sermon against it, 
in the Keithian Meeting, upon that Text, 1 Pet. 1-17, where I 
opened many other Texts of Scripture, to prove that a Condi- 
tioned fear is necessary to the best of Men : such as Heb. 4:1; 
Rom. 14: 10, &c. Most of his hearers and followers are dissatis- 
ried with the strange doctrine, and are like to forsake him. I 
have told them 'tis vile Antinomianism and the Root of Ranter- 
ism and Libertinism ; and some of his female hearers are offended 
at him for his telling them, they need not fear to commit the sin 
of whoredom, being chaste women. He openly denied before 
many judicious persons to me at my lodgings last Monday, 22d 
of this Instant, that publick punishment of death was inflicted 
upon a murtherer for a terror to others, if innocent, which I 
told him was contrary to Deut. 13 : 10, 11. 

" The six boxes you sent are all come safe; that to Boston, 
that to ISTew York, that to the two Jerseys, and that to Pensyl- 
vania, are disposed of already according to your orders, and are 
very acceptable to the people. The great Bibles in folio I have 
given one of them to the Church in Philadelphia, at the Minis- 
ter's request, another to the new Church at Chester above men- 
tioned, another I think to give to the Church at Burlington, 
and another to that of Amboy, and the rest to other Churches 
when erected. There is a great need of Common Prayer Books 
in 8vo for the use of the people, many would gladly buy them 
and some might be given to the Poorer Sort. I wish 2 or 300 
were sent over to these parts, direct them to Mr. Evans, the 



IX BURLIXGTOX. 51 

minister, if vou send them; also the new Psalms, beino- only 
used here in this Church, the people want them greatly; if vou 
would send over 100 of them at least, I believe the people 
would gladly buy them. They sing very well in the Church 
here, and the youth have learned to sing and delight much in it. 
I have disposed of many of your lectures in folio which are very 
acceptable to the people, and as you ordered, have desired them 
to read them to their families and neighbours on Sundays. 

"Dear Sir! I long to have a letter from you to know of vbur 
welfare, and other good news you have to impart to me, and 
what hopes you can give us, of having good ministers sent over 
to these parts, which are so greatly wanted and desired ; and if 
they come not timely, the whole country will be overrun with 
Presbyterians, Anabaptists, and Quakerism ; the Quaker Mis- 
sionaries do mightily swarm out of old England into these parts, 
and have proselited many ; many in Long Island are Quakers 
or Quakerly affected . 

" You see. Dear Sir, what a long letter I have writ to vou, I 
question not your acceptance of it. It's but a summary of 
affairs here, but I keep a punctual Journal of all things worthy 
my notice in my Travells. 

" I have written the more at length to you, hoping. Dear Sir, 
and desiring that you would be pleased to impart either the 
Avhole or Avhat part of it you think requisite to my Lord of 
London, and my Lord of Worcester, and to your Honourable 
Corporation. We intend about two weeks hence to set forward 
to Maryland and Virginia. I have had a very kind letter 
from his Excellency, Governor Xicholson, inviting us to Vir- 
ginia, but before we go hence, I purpose to have a Publick 
meeting in this place to detect the Quakers errors out of their 
own Books, after the method I used at Turner's Hall, in Lon- 
don. All course of Justice against Criminals is at a stop here, 
so that the Criminal Court can do nothing against murtherers ; 
the Quakers throw the whole Burden of Jurymen upon the 
Churchmen, so that a great List of Churchmen have been sum- 
moned , such as have appeared (some formerly Keithians) men 
of good sense and repute have refused to swear, not that they 
think it unlawfull, but that there is no law in the Province, that 



52 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

enjoins swearing in any case, and severall persons have lain long 
here in Prison, some on suspected murtlier, and can have no 
trial, and are said to be in great want of Bread. Colonel 
Quarry I suppose will give my Lord of London or yourself, 
some more full information. This is one instance of many of 
the great Deficiency of Quaker Government. I send you here- 
with a small specimen of my printed Labors here away. My 
sermon I preached at Boston soon after my arrival, was sent to 
you soon after it was printed, but it hath not come to your 
Hands. I send vou this one ; the sino-le sheet called a Refuta- 
tion, etc., I lately printed at New York. Mr. Increase Mather 
has printed against the six rules in my Sermon, and I have my 
answer in the press at New York, in vindication of them ; when 
it is done, I shall order some copies to be sent to you, all which 
I hope will be acceptable to you and the clergy. 
''I remain your affectionate, 

" Humble servant, 

"Geoege Keith." 

petition from churchmen of burlington, that mr. tal- 
bot may settle with them. 

" Burlington in AV. N. Jersey 2 Ap' 1704 

" Rigid Honorable, 

" Wee think it our duty by this opportunity of our worthy 
friend the Reverend M'' George Keith to acquaint your Lordships 
with our concerns here. And first we desire to adore the good- 
ness of God for moving the hearts of the Lords Spirituall nobles 
& gentry to enter into a society for propagating the Gospell in 
Foreign parts, the benefit of which we have already experienced 
& hope further to enjoy. The Reverend M'' Keith on his first 
arrivall appointed a time & place to read out of the Quakers 
authors their grosse errors but they refused to hear him & con- 
tinue to revile & reproach him for exposing them, but we of the 
church of England members have a great value for him for his 
good instructions & great Pains amongst us to confirm us in the 
true orthodox doctrine, & hath also brought over sundry of his 
former friends Quakers who are now joined with us. These 
encouragements caused us sometime since to joyu in a subscrip- 



IX BURLIXGTOX. 53 

tion to build a church here, which tho' not as yett near finished 
have heard manv good sermons in it from the Reverend M'' 
Keith & the Rev'' M"^ Jn° Talbot whom next to M'' Keith we 
have a very great esteem for, & do in all humility beseech your 
Lordships he may receive orders from you to settle with usf & 
indeed he is generally so respected by us that we should esteem 
it a great happiness to enjoy him, and we have great hopes God 
Almighty will make him very Instrumentall not only to confirm 
and build us up in the true orthodox doctrine, but also to brino- 
many over from the Quakers, he being so very well qualifyed as 
we presume thereto. Our circumstances att present are so that 
we cannot without the assistance of your Lordships maintain a 
minister, tho' we are in hopes as Quakerism decreases our church 
members will encrease so that in time we may be enabled to 
allow a Reverend Minister such a competency as to have a com- 
fortable subsistence amongst us : we conclude with our prayers 
to the Almighty that he will please to shower down his blessings 
upon your Lordships as a reward for your great charity & care 
for the good of souls, which will ever oblige Right lion''''' 
"your Lordships most humble 
"& dutiful 1 servants 
" Nath : Westland Hugh Huddy Robert Wheelek 
W^' BuDD AV^' Fisher John Waed 

^y BusTiLL JoHx Lamell Edm" Sheart 

AlBRAHAM HeWLIXGS W MaRTIXEAU E" BeRRY 

Jacob Perkins George Willis John Rogers 

Tho : Peachee John Jewell." 

a door open to the gospel. 

J/r. Talbot to the Sea^etary. 

"Philadelphia, 7th April, 1704. 
"Worthy Sir : 

" Mr. Keith has fought the good fight, finished his race, 

bravely defended the Faith, done the Church of Christ true and 

laudable service, which I trust will be regarded here and 

rewarded hereafter. I may say he has done more for the Church 



f Mr. Keith, the bearer of this Petition, thus speaks of its answer, "Some 
time ago, the Riglit Eeverend Henrii, Lord Bishop of Lomlon, lias writ to iiim 
[Mr. Talbot] to tixat Burlington, to be Minister of the Church there, where 



there is now a large Congregation 



54 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

than any, yea than all that have been before hhn. He came 
out worthy of his mission and of the Gospell of Christ. Taking 
nothing of the Heathen that he came to proselyte ; besides his 
ordinary or rather extraordinary travels, his preaching excellent 
sermons upon all occasions, his disputes with all sorts of 
Heathens and Hereticks, (who superabound in these parts ; — 
Africa has not more monsters than America.) He has written 
or printed ten or a dozen Books and Sermons, much at his own 
charge, and distributed them freely; which are all excellent in 
their kind, and have done good service all along shore. Now? 
since friends must part, I pray God, shew some token upon him 
for good, that he may arrive safe in England where he would 
be, that all his adversaries may see it, and be ashamed of their 
impious omens, &g. I have one prayer more to God for the 
sake of his Church in the deserts, viz : That the Reverend and 
Honorable Corporation may find one amongst the thousands of 
the Reverend and Learned Clergy of England, worthy, honest, 
and willing to succeed, that the People of the Lord may not 
be scattered abroad in the wilderness like sheep without a Shep- 
hard. * * Nova Cesarea or New Jersey has been 
most unhappy ; there is not, nor ever was, an orthodox minister 
settled amono;st them. But there is one Mr. Alexander Innes 
a man of great Piety and Probity, who has by his Life and 
Doctrine preached the Gospell, and rightly and duly adminis- 
tered the Holy Sacraments. We hope he will find favour with 
the Noble Corporation because he is worthy, and has need of it ; 
as the people have need of him and are not so able or willing 
as Ave could wish to support the ministry; — 'tis pity those hands 
should be put to dig that are fitt to cultivate the vineyard. 

;^ ^ ;K ^ ^ 'K ^ 

" If I had an Estate I could not have laid it out better than 
in the service of God, apiid Americanos along with Mr. Keith, 
who is a true son of the Church of England, sound in Faith &, 
holy in Life whom I love & reverence as my Father & Master, 
& shall be as Loath to part with him as if he were so indeed. 
Therefore I am the more obliged to the Reverend and Honor- 
able Society for their generons allowance to me, that I might 
not be burdensome to him nor to others, but beneficial to all as 



IN BUELINGTON. 55 

far as we could goe. God be praised a Door is opened to the 
Gospel and the true light shines to them in the Wilderness, but 
there are many adversaries ; and now our Champion is gone, we 
must make a running fight out by God's blessing and his books. 
I shall do my best. I mean to gather up the arrows that he has 
shot so Avell at the mark, and throw them again where there is 
most need. 

" Your most humble 

" And obedient servant, 

" JoHx Talbot." 

THE PARTINCI OF KEITH AND TALBOT. 

" April 23, Sunday, 1704. I preached at Annapolis in Mary- 
land, Col. Seamour Governour of Jlaryland, being present, who 
very kindly entertained us at his House both then and at other 
times, during our Abode there, as we waited for Passage down 
3Iaryland-Boy to James-River m Virginia. Mr. Talbot accom- 
panied me from Philadelphia to Annapolis in Maryland, where 
with true Love and Affection, we did take our Farewell of one 
another, and he returned to serve God and his Church, as formerly, 
especially in Pensilvania, West and East-Jersey, where he was 
like to have the greatest Service and Success." Iveith's Journal. 

" TOUCH AND GO, FEOM PLACE TO PLACE." 

3Ir. Talbot to Mr. Keith. 

"X. York, October 20th, 1705. 
" Eeverexd Sir : 

"We received advice from Barbadoes that your Fleet was 
arrived, t a confirmation of which we shall be glad to have from 
yourself. We the clergy in these Provinces, Pensilvania, X. 
Jersey, and N. York, being convened here by the directions of 
my Lord Cornbury and his Excellency Governour Nicholson, 
to make a representation of the present state of affairs of the 
Church, which we have drawn up, in a scheme, and transmitted 

t *'The 14tli oi Auxjust, I came to my Family in London, safe and well, not- 
■\vithstanding of the false Prophecy of some of the Quakers, That I should 
never see England any more, after my Departure out of it, in April, 1702." 
Keith's Journal, 



56 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

to your venerable Society signed by the twelve apostles,t I mean 
to do in this Letter as I do in my Travels, touch and go from 
place to place, and tell you such things as I thought not so 
proper for the Public view. I got some hundreds of Fr. Buggs 
Books printed, which I had endorsed with a challenge and so 
was bound to answer it ; but I could not provoke the friends to 
it by no means. No they say, as they used to do, that they will 
answer in print. Then I offered to take the two Almanacks by 
Dan. Leeds and Caleb Pusey and prove them by Friends Books. 
I challenged y" latter at y^ head of his Regiment to come forth 
and see himself proved a Lyar, in y*" very same book and page 
where he most impudently charges G. K. D. L. and y® eight 
ministers of your Church of England. But all I could get of 
them at present was this sorry paper, "False ]S"ews from Gath,'^ 
which I intend to answer with " true news to Gath," Ashdod 
and the rest of the uncircumcised, unbaptized Philistines ; at 
length I appointed a meeting at (church, whether they would 
come or no, and there I exposed their errors before all men, 
women and children that were there ; but none answered a 
word, though several Quakers were there, whilst I, Mr. Sharpe 
and Mr. Nichols examined y'' " Bomb," and D. L. Almanack 
by their books, and proved y'' quotations true. I have hired a 
chamber at Burlington, where I keep the present collection of 
friends books ; several of them came to me there and were satis- 
lied, but some desired me to set down my quotations book and 
page, which I promised to do at my leisure, particularly to one 
of their friends of y'^ ministry whom I believe will come off. I 
have forgot his name, he livgs near Peter Chamberlain's in 
Pensilvania. Mr. Sharpe was very jealous to bring y*" Quakers 
to stand a tryal ; he carried one of y^ Bombs into their meeting, 
and read a new challenge which I sent them, to answer v,-hat 
they had printed; but all in vain. Sam. Jennings stood up 
and said, ^Friends let's call upon God;' then they Avent to 
Prayer and so their meeting broke up. Since, I have read 



t There are now Thirteen Ministers in the Northern Parts of America, all 
placed within these two Years last past, and generally Supported and Main- 
tained by^the Eonourahle Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign 
Parts. Keith's Journal. 



IN BUKLIXGTOX. 5T 

several scandalous Letters from several Quakers, whereby I see 
they are preparing War against me; one was froni W. Bake- 
shaw, the same villain thai pulled y** paper out of your hand 
last yearly meeting at Philadelphia. He said there was not a 
word of truth in the Bomb, and he would answer it but none- 
appeared. Mr, Nichol, Mr. Sharp and I preached in our turns, 
proper sermons to warn y^ people of their errors, and heresies ; 
so we kept up y" Christian yearly meeting so happily begun by 
you at Philadelphia. Mr. Nichols gives his service to you, he 
is indeed an ingenious man, and will prove in all appearance an 
able hand against Quakerism. I have promised to set him up 
with friends, goods, &c. ; we mean to go down to Chester and 
give him a broad side there if the Governour will give us leave. 
They are all out at Philadelphia as much about Government as 
ever they were about religion. There is Charter against Com- 
mission and Major against Governour. They have 2 sheriffs, 
Captain Fenny appointed by Governor Evans, and yDung John 
Budd by y'' Major. Now the Governour proclaimed their pro- 
ceedings null and void, but G. Jones told him it was not he nor 
his, neither that should take away their Charter; so much for 
State aifairs, you may hear all perhaps one of these days in 
Westminster Hall, meanwhile here's a Government divided 
against itself; God preserve his Church and let them that have 
the watch look out. There is a new meeting house built for 
Andrews, and almost finished since you came away, which I am 
afraid will draw away great part of the Chureh, if there be not 
y^ greatest care taken of it ; Mr. Rudman serves there some 
times, but chiefly at the Country Church (in Oxford near Frank- 
fort) with good success ; but he has met with some disturbance 
from Edward Eaton, who has been very pevish and scandalous 
in words and writings, for M'hich he was presented to y® Grand 
Jury, but it was hard to persuade them to find the Bill ; but 
what will come of it I know not. 

" Mr. Sharp and I have gone the rounds several times from 
Burlington to Amboy, to Hopwell, to Elizabeth Town, to Staten 
Island in our turns, with good success, God be blessed, in all 
places. He has gathered a Church himself at Cheescpiaks, 
where he preached several times,, and baptized about forty per- 



bS HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

sons. Now I am alone, for my Lord Cornbiuy has preferred 
him to be Chaplain of Her Majesty's Fort and Forces at N. 
York. I saw his Commission signed this dav in v*^ room of 
Mr. Mott who dyed about 3 months ago. I was loth to part 
with my good friend and companion in travel, but considering 
how he had been disappointed at home, I would not hinder his 
preferment abroad, hoping that the good providence of God and 
y'' venerable Society will supply his place. 

"The Assembly sat at Burlington in September, but did 
nothing that my Lord desired them, so he dissolved them and 
called another there in October. Now I hear that Mr. Wheeler 
our good friend is chosen instead of Thomas Gardener. It 
seems their interest goes down thereabouts. Sam. Jennings 
complains that a man can't turn friend of truth now but he is 
ridiculed out of it. I hope the venerable Society will take Mr. 
Bradford's case into their consideration. It has cost me Ten 
pounds and more out of my Pocket to print some small books 
to give away, where 1 could not stay that the Church might be 
served and the Printer employed, Avithout setting forth those 
that are erroneous. I know you will not forget y^ Reverend 
Mr. James^ who has been so zealous for y* service of y*^ Church, 
since you put him upon it. I count him as my father now you 
are gone, and indeed our Convocation had been at a Loss for a 
Foreman had not he supplied the place by his gravity and 
wisdom. I have drawn another Bill upon Mr. Hodges, not 
knowing when I sllould have so good opportunity ; besides I 
have been at more than ordinary charge for horses and cloaths, 
for I never received any from England since I came out of it. 
As for that parcel that my Friend Mr. Gillingham sent by 
Capt. Innifer, I can't hear what is become of it. My horse you 
know dyed at Burlington and y^ Quakers recorded it as a judg- 
ment upon me. Ben. Wheat set it down in his Almanack, such 
a day of y 1st month, John Talbot's horse dyed, and Barnet 
Lane haled him into the river. But I was more sorry for the 
mare that you were so kind to give me, for she dyed before I 
came over the Bay in Maryland. I hope y*' venerable Society 
will see good to take vou into their number, for it mav be of use 
to them to have one there that has been here. I hope the 



IN BURLINGTOX. 59 

Letter will come safe to yoiir hand by Mr. Robert Owen minis- 
ter of a church in Maryland who is a very honest Gentleman. 
And indeed so are all the Missionarys in general, especially the 
English one Mr. More, the only countryman we have amongst 
us, a man according to my own heart, I'm sorry he's to go so 
far oif as y** Mohocks, God knows whether we shall see him 
again. I had y*' same call and had gone to the same place, but 
when I saw so many people of my own nation and tongue, I 
soon resolved by God's grace to seek them in y" first place, and 
if we could not recover those that were fallen, yet by God's 
help we may keep them out of y*' pit of Quakers and Hereticks 
who liave denyed y'' Faith and are worse than Indians and 
Heathens who never knew it. 

"As for a Suffragan we are all sensible of y*" want we have of 
one, and ]iray God send us a man of peace, for otherwise he will 
do more harm than good, as proud, ambitious, covetous men 
used to do, troubling the State and perplexing the Church, and 
then they run away, and leave all in the lurch. I saw our 
honored friend, Coll. Nicholson, last month at Burlino-ton, 
where he staid a week or ten days. I was obliged to him every 
way, particularly for his friendly advice in a case that was diffi- 
cult to me at that time, but I shall not mention names because 
I am resolved, by God's grace, to take heed what I say of any 
man, whether good or bad. 

" Coll. Nicholson took Bills of Mr. Bass for the money in 
hand, £70, Pensylvania money, and gave it all to the Churches 
in these Provinces, with Bills of Exchange to make it up £100 
sterling, besides what he subscribed to the Churches to be 
erected at Hopewell, Elizabeth Town, Amboy and Salem. We 
have made it appear that he has exhibited to the Churches in 
these Provinces about £1000: besides, what he has ijiven to 
particular persons and the poor would amount to some hundreds 
more, which we did not think fit to mention. He is a man of 
as much prudence, temperance, justice, and fortitude as any 
Governor in America, without disparagement to any, and of 
much more zeal for the house and service of God. I have seen 
four of them together at Church in Burlington, but in the after- 
noon their place had been empty had it not been for the Honor- 



GO HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

able Governor Nicholson ; so that I can't but observe the 
example of his piety in the Church, is as rare as his bounty 
towai'ds it; no Avonder then that all that love the Church of 
England are fond of Governor Nicholson, who is a true sou, or 
rather a nursing father, of her in America, I hope you will do 
him all the service you can at home whereby you will oblige all 
the Churches abroad. 

" Mr. Urquhart is well chosen for the people of Jamaica, and 
indeed I think none fitter than the Scotch Episcopal to deal with 
Whigs and Fanaticks of all sorts. Had not Stuttart been 
allowed to preach he had brought them all to the Church almost 
by this time ; but now they resort most to a barn that is hard 
l)y, and will not pay Mr. Urquhart what is allowed by Law, 
though my Lord Cornbury has given his orders for it. Mr. John 
Lillingston designs, it seems, to go for England next year; he 
seems to be the fittest person that America affords for the office 
of a suffragan, and several persons, both of the Laity and Clergy, 
have wished he Avere the man ; and if my Lord of London 
thought fit to authorize him, several of the Clergy both of this 
Province and of Maryland have said they would pay their 
tenths unto him, as my Lord of London's Vicegerent, whereby 
the Bishop of America might have as honorable provision as 
some in Europe. Ah, Mr. Keith, I have wanted you but once, 
that is ever since you went. I pray God supply your place 
with such another, who will pass through all Governments 
serving the Church, without giving offence unto the State. I 
hope, good Sir, you will excuse this long Letter. I had not 
time to write a short one ; therefore, anilcitia nostra, I desire 
that you would take all in good part that comes from 
" Your most faithful friend 

"And humble servant, 

" John Talbot." 

AyiLLIA:\[ BUDD AND OTHERS. 

" At BurUngtun in West-Jersey, there is now a settled Con- 
gregation, with a fixed Minister, to wit, the Reverend Mr. Jolni 
Talbot, my Fellow Labourer, where there is a large Congrega- 
tion, and a considerable Number of Communicants, many of 
them having been formerly Quakers, and Quakerly affected, or 



IN BURLINGTOX. 61 

such as were of no particular denoraination. And such of tliem 
as had not been Baptized in Infancy, have received Baptism, 
partly by Mr. Evans, & partly by Mr. Talbot, &, some of 
them by me.. ]SIr. Talbot has Baptized most of them who have 
been Baptized, since our Arrival among them, and particularly 
all the Children, both Males and Females, of William Budd, 
who formerly was a Quaker-Preacher, but is come over from 
Quakerism, to the Church, with diverse others of the Neigh- 
bourhood, in the Country about the Town of Burlington, who 
come usually to the Church at Burlington on the Lord's-Day ; 
some of them, Six, Eight, and some of them Ten, or Twelve 
Miles, and some of them more." Keith's Journal. 

THE CLERGY MEET AT BURLIXGTOX. 

Tiie Clergy- of New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania, 
met in Burlington, Nov. 2d, 1705, when the following Address 
Mas drawn up, signed, and sent under cover to the Lord Bishop 
of London : 
"To the Most Reverend Fathers in God the Lord Abps., the 

Right Reverend the Bishops, and others Right Honourable 

Members of the Society Lrected for Propagation of the Gospel 

in Foreign Parts. 

"Your Missionaries being convened at Burlington esteem 
themseh^es in duty bound to lay before the Most Reverend, the 
Right Reverend & Right Honorable ^lembers of the Society, 
what we conceive to be necessary, with God's blessing on our 
Labours, to promote the ends of our Mission. The presence 
and assistance of a Suffragan Bishop is most needful to ordain 
such persons as are fit to be called to serve in the sacred Minis- 
try of the Church. We have been deprived of the advantages 
that might have been received of some Presbyterian & Indepen- 
dent Ministers that formerly were, and of others that are still 
willing to conform & receive the Holy Character, for want of a 
Bishop to give. The Baptized want to be confirmed. Their 
presence is necessary in the Councils of these Provinces to pre- 
vent the inconveniences which the Church labors under by the 
Influences which Seditious Men's Counsels have upon the public 
administration & the oppositions which they make to the good 
inclinations of well affected people. He is wanted not only to 



62 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

govern and direct us, but to Cover us from the Malignant 
Effects of those misrepresentations that have been made by some 
persons impower'd to admonish and inform against us, who 
indeed want admonition themselves. It is our hun\ble desire that 
the Custom of the Romans of not Condemnino; Men before thev 
be heard mav be of Force with the Most Reverend, the Riglit 
Reverend & Rio-ht Hon'ble Members of the Societv, for we find to 
our Grief that those Characters given of us by those persons have 
made sad impressions on your minds, as have in some measure 
lessened our reputation, which is dearer to us than all Your En- 
couragements which we have received by Your Bounty. And it 
is our humble prayer that no Credit hereafter be given by the 
Society to any Complaints against us but such as are under the 
hands of three of the Clergy. The Provinces of New York, the 
Jerseys and Pennsylvania consist of People of several Nations, 
& have Preachers among them that speak to them in their own 
TouEjues. The Dutch and the French beino- of the Presbiterian 
Perswasion And the former generally tainted with Republican 
Principles, it is humbly proposed that there be no preacher per- 
mitted to preach among them but in the English Tongue, or at 
least of Episcopal Ordination, that can preach both in English 
& in their own Tongues, Nor any schoolmasters to Teach any 
Vulgar Language, but the English, without a particular license 
from the Governor, till God bless us with a Bishop. This last 
Expedient is thought by the Governor to be a likely means of 
uniting the Country both in their religious and Civil interests 
* "^ * * — and humbly beg Your Benediclion &. 

Prayers, and crave leave to subscribe ourselves, as we are, 
" Most Reverend, Right Rev^erend 

" & Right Honorable, Your most 

"Obedient & humble Serv'ts, 
"Burlington, Nov'r 2, 1705. 

" John Talbot, Andrew Rudman, 

Ericus Biorck, Hen. Nicols, 

Evan Evans, Geo. Ross, 

Sara. Myles, Tho. Crawford, 

Tho Moore, Jno. Sharpe, 

^neas INIackenzie, John Brooke, 

Geo. Muirson, John Clubb.."' 



IX BURLIXGTOX. 63l 

THE LETTER C'OHMEXDATOEY. 

" To the Lord Bishop of London. 
" May it please Your Lordship : 

"We being: convened at Burlington have drawn up an 
Account of the State of the Church in those parts which Ave 
think necessary to add to our last years Scheme. "We have 
enclosed a letter to the Society which we humbly offer to your 
Lordships view. AVe have likewise drawn and signed a peti- 
tion to the Queen for a Suffragan Bishop, but have sent it to 
Your Lordship not so much to present as to determine wliether 
it be Convenient to be presented to her Majesty. Our inex- 
pressible wants of one to represent your Lordship here make us 
use all the means we can think of towards the obtainino- that 
blessing. Indeed our case upon that Account is very lamentable 
and no words are sufficient to express it. We shall have the 
less need to lay before your Lordship the further want of Min- 
isters for West Jersey, Long Island, Connecticut, Pennsylvania 
etc., in regard our Reve'^ Brother M-" Talbot who has been, 
an Itinerant Missionary is very capable of giving your Lordship 
a particular account of all our church affairs. We shall only 
desire Your Lordship to have a particular regard to what he 
shall say concerning the case of M'' Rudman, M"^ Boudet, M"" 
Eburn and M"" Biorck whose circumstances are very pressing, 
and their labours have been very great and successful. We 
humbly beg Your Lordships blessing, and beg leave to subscribe 
ourselves,t 

" My Lord 
" Your Lordships most obedient Sons & Serv" 
" JoHx Brooke. Eyax Eya>vS. Geo : Ross. 

JoKx CLrBB. Hex: X'icols. Axd: Rudmax. 

JoHX Sharps. ^Exeas Mackexzie. Alex : Ixxes. 
Geo : MuiRsox. Tho : Crawford. Thor : Moore. 

Ericus Biorck. Sam. Myles." 
"Burlington X'ov. 2.''. 1705. 



t Some of the signers of these papers were clergv of the Church of Sweden, 
—a beautiful instance of the Catholic intercommuiiion of those davs. 



'U HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

THE EEV. TIIOKOWGOOD MOORE. 

31r. Moore to Mr. Hodges. 

N. York, Xov. 14, 1705. 
"Dear Sir: 

* * * "I have now left Albany and the Indians 
without any thought of returning. * '"^ * I left 

Albany 12th the last and have since been in the Jersevs seeins: 
where I may be most servicable and how I may regain the time 
I have lost. I find there great want of ministers and therefore 
shall spend my time chiefly there till I hear from the Society 
and particularly at Burlington the chief town there during the 
Rev'd jMr. Taibots absence I have proposed to the society my 
being Missionary ad Libitum and that they would allow another 
for some time till there are Missionarys sent tosuj)ply all places. 
Mr. Talbot is now going for England chiefly for the good of the 
Church and therefore I hope he will have your particular friend- 
ship and all the favour the society can give him. I can't say I 
ever saw a man of greater zeal and industry for the glory of 
God, and the good of his Church. I am &c &c 

"Tho^: Moore." 

mr. talbot ix exglaxd. 
Mr. Talbot to the Society for Projxir/atinfj the Gospel. 

"London, March 14,1706. 
" May it 'please the Reverend and 

Flight Honorable Society for Propagating the Gospjel: 

"After I had travelled with Mr. G. Keith through nine or 
ten Provinces between New England and North Carolina, I 
took my leave of him in Maryland. The Assembly then sitting 
offered me £100 sterling to go and Proselite their Indians ; but 
my call was to begin at home, and to teach our own People first, 
Avhose Language we did understand ; so I returned to Burling- 
ton to finish the Church which was happily begun there. Mr. 
Sharpe came to my assistance M'here I left him to supply that 
hopeful and infant Church, whilst I went to East Jersey for 
Amboy, Elizabeth Town, "Woodbridge and Staten-Island. This 
we did by turns about half a year till Mr. Mott dyed who was 



IX BURLINGTON. 65 

Chaplain of the Queen's Fort and Forces at New York. I was 
offered this place also, where I should have Board and Lodgiuo- 
and £130 per annum, paid weekly; but nothing could tempt 
me from the service of the Society who were pleased to adopt 
me into their service, before I had the honour to know them. 
Mr. Sharpe was glad to embrace this offer ; so I travelled alone 
doing what good I could, till last Summer, I met with Mr. John 
Brook who brought me a letter from my Lord of London and 
orders to fix at Burlington, as I did till November last. Tliere 
was a general meeting of the Missionarys who resolved to 
address the Queen for a suffragan Bishop, that I should travel 
with it, and make known the requests of some of the Brethren 
abroad, whose case we had recommended formerly by Letter to 
the Venerable Society, but without success. It Avill be four 
years next June since I associated with Mr. Keith. I was 
allowed £60 per annum for three years, but for the last I had 
nothing neither here nor there. I have no Business here but to 
solicit for a Suffragan, Books and Ministers for the propagating 
the Gospel. God has so blessed my Labors and Travels aljroad 
that I am fully resolved by his Grace to return, the sooner the 
better, having done the Business that I came about; meanwhile 
my Living in Gloucestershire is given away, but I have no 
reason to doubt of any Encouragement from this famous Society 
who have done more in four years for America than ever was 
done before ; and your Petitioner will ever pray. God bless 
all our Benefactors in Heaven and Earth, and reward them for 
ever, for all the Good they have done to the Church in general 
and in particular to 

" Your most humble servant and 

" Obedient Missionary, 

" John Talbot." 

mr. talbot eager to return. 
Mr. Talbot to the Secretary. 

"London, April IGth, 1707. 
" Honored Sir : 

" I have received several letters from my friends in America 
who long for my return, which I was forward to do once and 



66 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

again, but Satan hindered me by raising lies and slanders in mv 
way. But I have cleared myself to all that have heard me, 
and I hope you will satisfy the Honorable Society that I am 
not the man to whom that dark character did belonsr. Mr. 
Keith has known my doctrine and manner of life some years, 
what I have ventured, suffered and acted for the Gospel of 
Christ abroad and at home. I desire his letter may be read to 
the Honorable Board, and that they will be pleased to dispatch 
me, the sooner the better, for the season is far spent, and the 
ships are going out, and if I go at all, I would go quickly. I 
know the wants of the poor people in America. They have 
need of me or else I should not venture my life to do that 
abroad which I could do more to my own advantage at home. 
I should be s;lad to see somebody sent to North Carolina. I 
hope the Planters' letters are not quite forgotten. 'Tis a sad 
thino- to live in the wilderness like the wild Indians without 
God in the world. 

"Your humble Servant, 

"John Talbot." 

a peisoner in fort anne. 

3/r. Moore to the Secretary. 

" Fort Anne, Aug^' 27"' 1707. 
" Sir, 

" This comes to inform you of what at first without doubt 
will be no small surprise to you and that is that one of the 
Society's Missionaries is no other than a prisoner and his mission 
confined within the walls of a Fort. The missionary is myself, 
who am now a prisoner in Fort Anne in the city of New York ; 
but how I came into this province and what is my crime you 
can't I believe but be impatient to know : be pleased then to 
take the following ace' and to communicate it to the Society. 

" As to the first I M^as brought hither by force which was 
after this manner, (viz) about a month ago his Excellency my 
Lord Cornbury Gov'" in chief of the Province of N. Jersey, N. 
York, &c, being then at York sent a summons for me to appear 
before him at N. York to answer to such things as should be 
alleged against me. 



IX BUELINGTOX. 67 

*' I was not long considering what to do, being only to consult 
the legality of the summons and whether the law commanded 
my obedience, which, if it did not, I knew of no other obligation, 
but had many reasons to the contrary ; as the leaving my charge 
without any to supply my place, and the uncertainty indeed of 
my return (I being well satistied that my Lord"' had often 
•declared that he would remove me out of the province for 
reasons scarce worth while troubling the Society with) &c, so 
that I say I had only to consider whether my Lord had that 
power to summon me out of the province, and a little considera- 
tion was sufficient to satisfy me he had not ; X. Jersey being 
certainly a distinct province from this of Xew York, as Virginia 
is; and the power of Government (I am well informed and it 
necessarily must be so) upon the death or absence of my Lord 
Cornbury to be lodged in the Lieutenant Governor and upon 
the death or absence of the Lieutenant Governor, in the council. 
But upon my not obeying this summons, His Excellency, the 
Lord Cornbury sends a warrant dated from N. York, to' the 
Sheriff of Burlington, to bring me safe to his Lordship's house 
at Amboy, about 50 miles from Burlington, in the same province' 
which accordingly he executed. He took me into his custody 
the loth and brought me to Amboy the 16th inst., being Satur- 
day, where we found his excellencv arrived from N. York His 
excellency told the Sheriff he had done very well in brincrino-me 
thither and ordered him (by word of mouth) to secure me'and 
bring me before him on Monday morning, which accordingly he 
did, but his Excellency, it is to be supposed, being otherwavs 
busy d that morning, ordered I should be brought hi the after- ' 
noon and then the next morning when he was pleased to send 
tor me into a private room where were only the Lieutenant Gov- 
ernor and himself. His excellency, after some words of an^er 
not worth mentioning, and which if I did, would oblige me to 
say a great deal more in the order to explaining them, began to 
condemn my behaviour to him ever since my first arrival into 
America, siding with his and the Government's enemies ; and 
that I was a preacher of Eebellion (which I think he seemed to 
intimate I did by my conversation and not by my sermon'^ 
though I think he might have said the one as well as the other) 



6S HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

and Ihat I had shown my rebellious temper particularly in not 
obeying the Lieutenant Governor's suspension of me. But this 
now obliges me to say something of that matter which in short 
shall be this : Upon ray not obeying my Lord's summons to 
York (which I told you I received about a month since) the 
Lieutenant Governor, Coll : Ingoldsby told me before two or 
three persons that for that reason he suspended me from preach- 
ing or performing any divine service in Burlington ; but I told 
him I did not think he had that power and so I left him. But 
he I suppose, thinking that that was not sufficient, was resolved 
to publish it by writing and so ordered the secretary of the 
province to draw up a form which accordingly he did and the 
Lieutenant Governor signed it and commanded him to take care 
that it was set up at the churches doors ; but the Secretary con- 
sidering that he had no sufficient warrant for so unaccountable 
proceedings went to him the next day and told him that he did 
not think he could safely do it ; but that if it was to be set up it 
was, he thought, the church wardens business, accordingly he 
ordered the paper to be directed to the church wardens and 
delivered to them. The secretary himself was one and went 
with the paper to the other church warden to know his mind, 
but he being more than ordinary averse to it, they agreed not to 
set it up, so that I believe I can obtain the original paper signed 
by the Lieutenant Governor, but however I can get a copy of it 
attested by the church wardens. But to return ; His Excel- 
lency, my Lord Cornbury told me the Lieutenant Governor 
had done very well in suspending me — that he confirmed his 
suspension and discharged me from preaching any more in that 
or the neighboring province. I told his Excellency that I w^as 
very sorry to hear that and beg'd his Excellency would judge 
favorably of me if I did not obey him in that particular, and 
believe that it proceeded from a sense of duty that I ought not 
and not out of obstinacy, but however I would take the best 
advice I could get about this and act according to ray conscience. 
He told me that he would be obeyed, that my conscience should 
not rule hira. I told hira I could not expect that, but begged 
I miffht be excused if it did me. He told me that he would be 
obeyed and that if I did not he would use me like other Rebels. 



IX BUKLIXGTOX. 69 

He asked me farther who I thous-ht mvself to bee. I told him 
a minister of the church placed at Burlington, both by the laws 
of God and man as being placed there by my Lord of London. 
He told me my Lord of London did not place me there. I 
told him I humbly conceived he did by a letter I had from the 
Secretary of the Society of which my Lord of London was a 
member, and so I read him part of the letter relating to that 
matter. He told me my Lord of Ivondon (and I am pretty well 
satisfied he said the Society too) had no power to place me there 
nor anywhere else in his Government, neither ever did he place 
any, and that the Queen had invested him with that sole power 
and that he was ordinary. 

'' I told him if he was ordinary, I would not make any oppo- 
sition, but that I was not sensible of, &c. But to conclude, his 
€xeellency told me that since my obedience was so uncertain, he 
would secure me from disobeying, and so ordered the Sherift' 
{which came into the room a little before) to continue me in his 
custody, so lie took away his prisoner and so I continued till 
Saturday when I was commanded to attend his Excellency 
whom I found gone from his house in order to go aboard of his 
barge for X. York. I found him at a house about a Bows shot 
from the water side. The Sheriff having spoken to my Lord, 
told me he was commanded to attend me into the barge. I told 
him I could not understand that, however that I w^ould not go 
unless I was forced, but the Sheriff going again to my Lord 
into the house (for I was at the door) and returning with fresh 
commands, I went a little way with him to the other side of the 
house, where I found my Lord. I told his Excellency what I 
told the Sheriff. His Excellency asked me then whether I 
wanted to be carryed. I answered him something like it. He 
then commanded the Sheriff again to do his office, but he being 
unwilling to do that which his Lordship called so, his Lordship 
commanded the Amboy Sheriff who stood by to take me and 
force me to go (upon which the Lieutenant Governor command- 
ing him likewise) he took me by the sleeve so we went with 
the rest of the company towards the water side, but as we were 
walking I told the Sheriff the danger of what he was doing and 



70 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

bade him have a care how he forced me. "When I was come 
pretty near the barge I told his Excellency that I wished him a 
good voyage and that I designed to go not farther unless I was- 
forced to it (for the Sheriff had not then hold of me) ray Lord 
in great anger bid the Sheriff again do his office, and the Lieu- 
tenant Governor commanding the same, but the Sheriff refusing 
to obey them, ray Lord comes himself to me and takes me by 
my gown and sleeve and leads me about ten paces, but being 
perswaded by the Lieutenant Governor, or rather more probably 
by other reasons he leaves me again to the Sheriff, who, encour- 
aged by my Lord's example and the earnestness of the Lieuten- 
ant Governor to him to take me, did so, and took hold of my 
gown and went before me into ray Lord's barge in which ray 
Lord brought me to York, being about 40 miles from Amboy. 
AVhen I came ashoare I went with ray Lord and the rest of the 
company to the Fort, thinking it in vain to make any farther 
opposition then and likewise being disswaded from that by one 
that I know M'ished me well. When we came into the Fort 
ray Lord desired his Chaplain to take rae into his room and told 
the officer of the guard that I was a prisoner and ordered him 
to give directions to the under officers to prevent ray escape, and 
here I have been ever since. 

" The day after I carae in being Sunday, Mr. Sharpe, ray 
Lord's Chaplain, asked my Lord whether I might not go to 
church ; he told him no, and moreover said that I should not 
go without the walls till I was sent to England. I thank God 
I fare very well here, his Lordship having given orders that I 
should want for nothing. 

" And thus I have told you as near as I could how I came 
hither with almost every particular circumstance ; and withall 
my crime. This can't but seem to the Society very strange 
and wou'd so to everybody here, were they not by unhappy ex- 
perience but too well acquainted with his Ldship's conduct. 
I know not how long his Exc'y will keep rae here, I am apt ta 
think a good while and therefore hope the Society will apply to 
the Queen as soon as may be that I may be released and that no 
Governour may attempt the like for the future, but I refuse not 



IX BURLINGTOX. 71 

to be tryed before proper Judges in the most publick manner if 
her Majesty thinks fit, being conscious to myself that I have 
done nothing that deserves the usage I have met with ; but if 
I have offended I hope I shall very willingly suffer the deserved 
punishment. 

" I hope my present and late sufferings will be no disadvan. 
tao;e to the Church. I am well satisfved in mv mind of the con- 
trary and that I shall have reason to bless God for enabling me 
to act as I have done in relation to my Lord Cornbury and the 
Lieutenant Gov'' by which and other means I hope her Majesty 
will in time be well acquainted with those Gentlemen. I think 
'tis time now to think of concluding. I will therefore only add 
that I know not the least shadow of a reason that my Lord 
Cornbury can produce to the world for the usage he has showed 
me and therefore hope the Society will be as speedy as may be 
in applying to the Queen for my relief and for prevention of 
anything of the like for the future. 
" I am Sir, 

" Your verv humble Servant, 

" Tho : MooEE." 

CAUSES OF CORNBURY's DISPLEASURE. 

Mr. Mcore to the Secretary. 

"Fort Anne, Aug' 1707 

" Sir 

"It is but just now almost that I finished a long Letter to 
you which goes by the way of Barbadoes ; if that came safe to 
your hands, I suppose it did not a little surprise the Society by 
acquainting them with the imprisonment of one of their Mis- 
sioners which is myself now confined in Fort Anne in the city 
of New York brought hither in the most arbitrary and illegal 
manner that I believe they ever heard, the particulars I will not 
now mention because a Copy of that whole Letter (if you have 
not already received it) will be sent or delivered you with this, 
for the Rev'' M'' John Brooke (to whom I deliver this unsealed) 
has a Copy of it which with this he will send (though he is 



72 HISTORY OF THE CPIURCH 

coming himself) by all occasions. He is going towards Boston 
in Order for England if he be not confined before he leave this 
place which I am something fearful of and am well satisfied he 
would be if his Excellency My Lord Cornbury knew of his 
desiffu of goino; home. 

;|< ^ ;iJ ^ ;ic >); ^ 

" I am thinking the Society will be inquisitive to know the 
reason of my Lord's displeasure against me, but when they are 
acquainted with his Lordship's Character I am sure they will 
cease inquiring and be satisfied I could not faithfully discharge 
my duty, and shew my respect and value for men of piety and 
real worth and have his Friendship ; and indeed I know noth- 
ing has more contributed to ray displeasing his Lordship than 
my acquaintance and intimacy with those I thought good men 
and promoters of the public Good some of which have been my 
acquaintance and intimate friends from my frst arrival in 
America and which is the worst of it, I know none of them 
either in New York or Xew Jersey that are his ; but in short 
the chief nay only cause of his Lordship's pulling me out of IS^ew 
Jersey and transporting me to York I do verily believe is his 
persuasion that I have been and still am a block in the way of 
some of his designs (though I thank God I don't know I ever 
troubled myself with state matters) which with some others must 
necessarily be removed. AVhat his Lordship designs to do wdth 
me now I knoM' not; I am apt to think I shall continue here 
a good while, for the same reason that induced his Lordship to 
confine me, will probably prevail M'ith him to continue me where 
I am ; I am apt to think till I have the Queen's Commands 
for my release nay longer, if his Lordship (which God forbid) 
continues in the Government, I say God forbid he knows, not for 
my own sake but the good of others ; for I bless God through 
his assistance I am very easy being well convinced that there is 
nothing of this that has happened to me but what is ordained 
by the wise hand of providence ; and I can truly say I am scarce 
sensible of the difference between Liberty and confinement. 

" I am tempted to say something of the illegality of his Lord- 
ship's proceedings, I think I could show a Gradation of very 
many unlawful steps he has taken from his first summons of me 



IN BURLINGTON. 73 

to York to his confining me there but you will easily see them 
in the Account I have given (and which M'^ Brooke will con- 
firm) of the matters of fiict ; I need only add, what I remember 
I omitted in my last, that there is a County (I think it is called 
Middlesex) between Burlington and Amboy tlirough which my 
Lord by his Warrant which ^M'' Brooke will show you, com- 
manded the Burlington Sheriff to bring me. 

" As to the irregularities his Lordship seems to intimate I 
am chargeable with in his summons and warrant (both which 
jNI" Brooke has) they may easily be imagined to be only preten- 
ces for sending them. I bless God I know of none that I am 
accountable to him for. His Lordship indeed has told me of 
some things in his anger which either he did or would have me 
think were so, but I think them not worth mentioning, only 
one I will and that w^as that I had the Sacrament too often 
(which I had when I well could once a fortnight) which fre- 
quently he was pleased to forbid but I minded that as little as I 
the Lieutenant Governor and afterwards his suspension, thinking 
his power in both much the same and this puts me in mind of 
the several times his Lordship commanded rae to appear before 
him, and that the last from York was but the 4"" command. I 
had to attend him twice before he called me from Burlington to 
Amboy which are 50 miles distant. 

''Sir, though I would not be tedious yet I can't forbear making 
a humble proposal to the Society which is that they would be 
pleased to use their Interest with her Majesty in order to their 
obtaining leave for the recommending proper persons to be Gov- 
ernors of these parts, men of good morals if not of true religion, 
but alas! why not the latter, every one knows the powerful 
influence of the example of the King or Governor and indeed 
the Society will find themselves extremely deceived and the 
success not answerable to their pious care if there be not very 
different men sent over for these parts than what are now and 
have been heretofore. But, I must think of concluding which 
shall be with my best wishes and hearty prayers for the truly 
Venerable Society that God would give them true wisdom fer- 
vent zeal and indefatigable Industry in the prosecution of that 
great and glorious work they have undertaken ; their minutes 



74 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

now are very precious for they are now laying the foundation 
of a Church in a flourishing part of the World which must be 
well and speedily laid. I am 

" Sir 
" Your very humble Serv' 

"Thoe: Moore." 

mr. talbot arrives from exglaxd. 
Mr. Talbot, having reached America, was in Boston, in 
Xov^ember, 1707; where he was "much surprised to meet" Mr. 
Moore and Mr. Brooke. They gave him a detailed account of 
the treatment they had received, and how they had escaped ; and 
told him of their determination to embark for home. He 
remonstrated against their taking a Winter passage; "but," says 
Talbot — writing about it nine months afterwards — "poor Tho- 
rowgood said, if they were sunk in the sea, they did not doubt but 
God would receive them, since they were persecuted for doing 
their duty to the best of their knowledge." 

THE WILL OF REV. MR, MOORE. 

" Being now ab*^ to Leave America & not knowing whether 
it shall please y*^ Allm: God y' I ever shall live to return; I 
do by these presents declare y', if I do not, I do freely give all 
my Books now at y*" House of Rob' Wheeler Esq'' w"' a large 
Chest to put them in, to y^ use of y® Minister for y^ time being 
of y® Church of England in Burlington in Xew Jersey & to his 
successors for ever. Reserving ten pounds worth sterling of 
them w*"^ belong of Right to y*^ A^enerable Society for propaga- 
ting y*^ Gospel in Foreign parts & Hamond on y** ^ew Testam', 
\\^^ I leave to my Faithfull Friend M"" Rob' ^Vheeler of y^ s"* 
Town of Burlington. 

" In Witness whereof I have set my hand & seal this 

dav of Xovemb'" one thousand seven hundred & seven. 



" Sign'd, sealed & delivered 
In y^ presence of us 
Samuel Myles 
Tho: Barclay 
John Brooke 
John Talbot" 



" Tho^" Moore, [l.s.]" 



IX BURLINGTON. lly 

"WILL OF THE EEV. JOHN BROOKE. 

" I John Brooke Clerk one of y" IMissionarys of y'' iiev'' and 
Hon^'® Society for propagating y'' Gospel in Foreign parts being 
now about to leave America and to undertake a long and dan- 
gerous voyage to England and not knowing whether it shall 
please the Almighty y' I ever live to arrive there, I do by these 
presents certify y' if I dye in y' my intended voyage I do freely 
give my Dear Brothers Richard Brooke and William Brooke of 
Clark-Heaton near Bradford in Yorkshire y*" half years Salary 
due to my executor after my decease by y** Bounty of y® said 
Society, and whatever else my Sister Agnes Hull in Basing hall 
street in London has of mine in her hands. In witness 
whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this twentieth 
day of November in y*' yeare of our Lord one thousand seven 
hundred and seven. 

"John Brooke, [l. s.] " 
''Signed Sealed and delivered 
in y*^ presence of us 

John Talbot 

Rob: Owen 

John Brocas 

Hugh A^enables" 

COEXBURY's account of MOORE AND BROOKE. 

Lord Cornbury to the Secretary. 

"New York 29th Nov 1707.. 

"Sir: 

"Yours of the 18th of April 1706 came to my hands on the 
13th instant for which I return you thanks. I intreat you to- 
assure the Honorable Society that nothing shall be wanting oiv 
my part to promote their good and pious designs to the utmost 
of my power and understanding. I could wish all those Gentle- 
men whom the Honorable Society have sent over had by a care- 
full performance of their duty answered the intent of their 
mission and it is with a great deal of grief that I am obliged to 
say that Mr. Thorowgood Moore and Mr. Brookes have not 
only not answered the intent of their mission but have done the 
church more harm than I am afraid they will ever do it good. 
I did in my letter of the 23d of August give you an account of 
the behaviour of Mr. Moore to the Lieutenant Gov'' Colonel 
Ingoldsby at Burlington on Easter day 1706. I hope that 
letter came safe to your hands. I am sorry to find that JSIr. 



?6 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

]\Ioores behaviour in that case has very near ruined that church 
but having writ to you fully upon that unpleasant subject before, 
I shall forbear saying anything of it now but shall proceed to 
give you an account of Mr. Brooke's last method of proceeding 
here in these parts : Mr. Brookes hearing that I had brought Mr. 
Moore to this place with me came to visit hira frequently here, 
tlio' at the same time he neglected his Churches in East Jersey. 

"On the 12th day of September I left this place to go to 
Albany leaving directions with my family to take care that Mr. 
Moore should want for nothing in my absence; about ten days 
after I had left j^s^ew York I had letters to acquaint me that Mr. 
Moore had made his escape out of the Fort and that Mr. Brookes 
& he were gone oif together. I took no notice of it till I 
returned to New York which was on the 12th of Ocf, then I 
enquired of the Officer of the guard what was become of Mr. 
Moore, who told me that the day he made his escape Mr. 
.Brookes & Mr. ^lorris had dined with him, that after dinner 
Mr. Brookes went away and returned about 4 of the clock and 
coming through the gate asked the Century if he had orders to 
stop any body, who told him no. Mr. Brookes went up to Mr. 
Moore's room & in a few minutes Mr. Moore came down & 
went out of the Fort and a little afterwards Mr. Brookes, upon 
which the Century finding his error called his officer who 
immediately ran out of the Fort but could not find Mr. Moore. 

"On the 16th of Ocf, I left this place to go to Amboy to 
meet the Assembly of New Jersey, when I arrived there I 
enquired for Mr. Brookes. I was told he was gone to New 
England with Mr. Moore. I could not believe it at first for 
tho' I knew him to be very indiscreet in many things yet did 
not think him mad enough to leave his Churches but upon 
farther enquiry I found that after having travelled from place 
to place to get the ministers of the provinces of New York, New 
Jersey & Pensilvania to sign a petition to the Queen against 
me he was gone to join Mr. Moore in New England in order 
to go for old England together ; now if the ministers which 
the Hon''''^ Society think fit to send over and maintain here are 
to be independent of the Government under no controul & at 
Liberty to do what they please to go where they please it is but 



IN BUHLINGTOX. 77 

reasonable that those who have the honour to serve the Qneeu 
as Governors of Provinces ought to have it signified to them 
that they may not intermeddle with them, how it will be for 
the service of the Church to have it so I submit to better Judg- 
ment but sure I am that Mr. Moore's asserting as he did in all 
companies at Burlington that the Gov'' had no authority over 
him, that he was accountable to nobody but to ray Lord Bishop 
of London & that he would order the affairs of the Church as 
he thought proper has done the Church no service no more than 
his aff'ronting the Lieu' Gov'" as is before mentioned. * * 

"I am Sir 

" Your very humble Servant 

" COENBURY." 
A GOVEEXOR NEEDED IN CHURCH AND STATE. 

3L\ Talbot to the Secretary. 

"N. York Jan. 10th irO|, 
" Honored Sir : 

" I got safe here, blessed be God, at Christmas, but I can't pro- 
ceed, no boat can cross the Sound for Ice. * * * 
I saw the Hon''''' Col. Heathcote who is the finest gentleman I 
have seen in America. I wish the report were true that he were 
appointed Gov"", it would be the best news next to that of the 
Gospell that ever came over. Methinks 'tis an easy matter for 
some of the Hon''^'' Society to prevail with the Queen that one 
of your Hon''''' members might be a Gov"" she having promised 
to be allways ready to do her part towards the carrying on so 
good a work, which cannot be carryed on without a good Gov'' in 
Church and State. Now Bishop Heathcote Avould serve for 
Both the best of any I know, if he had but his commission. 
We live in hopes and the wicked in fears that their days will be 
shortened. I pray God for his elects sake they may, and mode- 
ration in getting of money may take place: the want of that is 
the root of all evil. I am to send Colonel Heathcote my travel- 
ling library that he may try his hand with the Stiff-necked 
Quakers ; he if anybody will persuade them to see ; he has the 
best temper of all, if a man cou'd hit it to be gentle towards all 



78 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

men and zealous of all good works. Some courses must be taken 
with these Anti Christians who are worse than the Turks and if 
thev be let alone will encrease to an abominable desolation. I 
shall say no more but betake myself to my prayers. Arise, O 
Lord Jesu Christ.^ help us," and deliv^er us for thine honour. 
Since Mr. Brooke ]Mr. Moore and Mr. Evans went away there's 
an Independancy set up again at Elizabeth Town, Anabaptism 
at Burlington and the Popish Mass at Philadelphia. I thought 
that the Quakers would be the first to let it in, particularly Mr. 
Penu, for if he has any religion 'tis that, but thus to tollerate all 
without controul is the way to have none at all. My duty and 
service to the members of the Honorable Society; if they can do 
anything now is the time. I hope they Avill consider of them 
in time; so God prosper their good endeavors, and these of, 
Sir, yours &c, 

" JoHX Talbot." 

" I hope Mr. Brooke and Mr. Moore are safe arrived. There 
was the wisdom of the Serpent and the innocency of the 
Dove in those men, but neither will protect them from evil 
speaking &c. 



V 



ANOTHER ACCOUNT OF THE TROUBLE. 

Col. Quary to the Bishop of London. Extract. 

"Philadelphia 20th Jan^' 170| 
* * "I am obliged to give your Lordship some account 
of another gentleman of the clergy one Mr. Moore who goes for 
England with Mr. Brooke, or rather Mr. Brooke goes with him ; 
this gentleman I have always had a great value for, the first 
time I saw him was at Albany when I attended my Lord hither 
his Lordship paid him all imaginable kindness and respect the 
design of his mission was to live among the Indians but that not 
answering his Excellency consented to his going to Burlington 
in order to supply the Rev Mr. Talbot on his going for Eng- 
land ; he had not been settled long in that place before an 
unhappy difference fell out between the Queen's Lieutenant 
Governor Colonel Ingoldsby and Mr. Moore * * the 
Lieutenant Governor had a very great kindness for him and in 



IN BURLINGTOX. 79 

riding out with him to pay a visit or take the air amongst 
variety of subjects they discoursed of Mr. Moore asked Colonel 
Ingoldsby if lie had so much patience and christian temper as 
to take a Box on the ear without resentment or returning the 
injury to which he answered with some warmth that he neither 
would nor could take such an affront from any man without a 
due resentment whether this may be called a proper question or 
an ensnaring one considering the Lieut. Governors circum- 
stances being a soldier and got his living by his sword I will 
leave your Lordship to judge * '-^ some short time 
after Mr. Moore had appointed a sacrament at Burlington 
church the Colonel and his Family resoh^ed to be partakers and 
in order to it was constantly all the week before at the Morning 
and Evening prayers in the church. Mr. Moore very well 
knew that it was his design to be a communicant. The Sunday 
came Colonel Ingoldsby with his Lady and Daughter were at 
church ; after the Sermon was ended and all things in a readi- 
ness for approaching to the Holy Ordinance Mr. Moore came 
to the Colonel's seat I think as he was going out of it and asked 
him if he was of the same opinion that he had formerly declared, 
the question surprised the Colonel who had forgot the discourse 
so that he told him that he did not know what he meant but 
Mr. Moore having put him in mind of the time place and cir- 
cumstances the Lieutenant Governor told him he was of the 
same mind still when Mr. Moore forbid him to approach the 
Holy Table, for he would not give him the sacrament, to which 
the Lieutenant Governor very prudently told him that he w^ould 
withdraw and give no disturbance to the congregation and 
accordingly he went out of the church his Lady and Daughter 
following him. I need not tell your Lordship that this usage 
■was resented by the Colonel as an affront and injustice done 
him this action made a very great noise in the Country and 
most gave their opinion very freely both Clergy and Laity. 
The members of the church were divided some condemning Mr. 
Moore others excusing him but the generality of all sorts 
thought it a very rash and unadvised action of Mr. Moore and 
thought that he ought to have gone to the Lieut. Governors 
house and discoursed him and followed the primitive method 



80 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

and discipline, * :ic j jj^ve reason to believe that Mr. 
Moore was prevailed with by some friends to endeavor a recon- 
ciliation and to make some steps towards it. * * I 
went immediately to Colonel Ingoldsby and said all that I 
could or was proper for me I found him very positive not to 
hearken to any accommodation unless Mr. Moore would own 
his own mistake before the whole cong-reo-ation where he had 
affronted him. ^ * j ^^j^ jjj,-i-^ j thought he carried 

his resentments too high and that in my opinion Mr. Moore 
ought not to do what he expected and gave him my reason and 
at parting I told his honor that I would advise Mr. Moore not 
to comply with "vvhat his honor expected from him * * 

rhus matters * * grew worse and worse every day 

till at last the Lieut. Governor resolved that my Lord should 
either remove Mr. Moore or him out of that government." * 



"the greatest obstacle." 

Col. Morris to the Secretary. Extracts. 



_ 170i. 

* '*' " I believe you will be surprised when I mention 

my Lord Cornbury as the greatest obstacle that either has or is 
likely to prevent the growth of the Church in these parts, the 
pernicious effects of his Arbitrary conduct if not prevented by 
the Society will render it (humanly speaking) impossible to pro- 
pagate the Church in this part if not in any part of America and 
make the best designs of the Society ineffectual. 

" I cannot say I am very much surprised to find so large a 
character of him in the account of the proceedings of the Society 
because the best and greatest of men may be imposed upon by 
mercenary or mistaken pens ; but I am sorry they have been so 
much abused by the accounts they have had of him ; for he is a 
man certainly the reverse of all that's good and a great reproach 
to the Church. In the first place he is a notorious breaker of 
his word, he has subscribed to several churches but can't be 
prevailed upon to pay a farthing, says he did it to encourage 
others and who ever asks for it is sure to feel the effects of 
his displeasure. 



IX BURLIXGTOX. 81 

u 2^% jjg jg avowedly and openly unjust in everybody's debt 
that would trust him and in the little Town of New York he 
is said not to owe less than £8000 much of this to Shopkeepers 
Bakers Butchers &c who cannot get a farthing from him though 
under the greatest necessity for want of it and it's hardlv 
credible what a damp to the Trade of that little Town the deten- 
tion of that Sum is. The scandal of his life is such that were he 
in a civilized Heathen Country he would by the public Justice 
be made an example to deter others from his practices, he rarely 
fails of being drest in AVomens Cloaths every day and almost 
half his time is spent that way and seldom misses it on a Sacra- 
ment day was in that Garb when his dead Lady was carried out 
of the fort and this not privately but in face of the Sun and in 
sight of the Town ; But I'll not enter into his privacies, hi> 
public vices are scandalous enough ; were there nothing in it 
but his ill example it must needs be a great hindrance to the 
growth of the church there being nothing more common in the 
mouths of the enemies of our religion than the instancing of mv 
Lord Cornbury as a Churchman and an esteemed great patron 
€f it, were there nothing else I say but his Scandalous life which 
makes our Holy profession be had in Contempt and evil spoken 
of it it were enough in so public a person as my Lord to put a 
great stop to the growth of it, but such is so far from being a 
patron of it that he has done more to ruin it than all its enemies 
put together. * * 

" In Xew Jersey the inhabitants have reason to grieve that 
ever such a person as my Lord Cornbury was boruf whose con- 



; In a long remonstrance of the Agsembly of New Jersev, in 1707 a^-ain^ 
Cornbury's tyranny, we find this para.oraph : " ° 

_" Are not her Majesty's loyal subjects lianl'd to coals, and there lie without 
being admitted to bail ? and those that are the conditions of their recoo-ni- 
zances are, that if your Excellency approves not of their being bailed thev 
shall return to their prisons ; several of her Majesty's good subjects forced to 
abscond, and leave their habitations, being threatened Mitli imprisonment and 
no hopes ot receiving the benefit of tlie la\v ; when vour Excellency's absolute 
will IS the sole measure of it : One minister of the Church oY England, 
dragg d by a. shenif from Burlington to Amboy, and there kept in custody 
wuliout assigning any reason for it, and at last haul'd bv force into a boat bv 
your Excellency, and transported like a malefactor, into another government, 
and there kept in a garrison a prisoner; and no reason assigned for these vio- 
lent procedures, but your Excellency's pleasure : Another minister of the 
Lliurch ot England, laid under a necessity of leaving the province, from the 

F 



82 HISTORY OF THE CnURCH 

duct as it was imprucleutly violent to the Dissenters in his 
government of New York so on the contrary it was unaccount- 
ably severe to the Churchmen in New Jersey as if he had studied 
to take measures diametrically opposite to the true interest of 
the Church : a great part of that people had their religion to 
choose and of those that had made a choice many of them were 
so indiiferent that it was no very difficult matter to perswade 
them not to be over tenacious of their principles they had as it 
were by chance taken up. The Government being out of the 
hands of the Proprietors and the fame of a Society being 
erected for propagating the Gospel in Foreign Parts reaching 
here many of those who were indifferent and those who had 
their religion to choose were fond of being of the Church * 
* when behold a sudden change blasted all our ijrowinff 
hopes and has at last entirely ruined the church in New Jersey 
and in my humble opinion except the Country engages very 
powerfully in an affair of this consequence the example of the 
proceedings in New Jersey will prove fatal to all the churches 
in English America. * * To accuse so great a man 
as the Governor of a province may arraign me of want of that 
respect and due regard which is owing to my superiors and 
which in an especial manner ought to be paid but Sir I have a 
greater regard to God than man to truth and the trust the 
Society reposes in every Member of their Body than to my Lord 
Cornbury * * and tho' some men have been sur- 

prised into a good opinion of his Lordship I am well assured a 
longer acquaintance and better information will give them 
different sentiments." * * 



reasonable apj)rehensions of meeting with the same treatment; no orders of 
men either sacred or civil, secure in their lives, their liberties or estates ; an<t 
where these procedures will end, God only knows." Sniith's Ilistonj, p. 333. 

"Her Majesty graciously listened to the cries of her injur'd subjects, and 
divested him of his power, declaring, that she would not countenance hei- 
nearest relations in oppressing her people. 

" As soon as my Lord was superceded, his creditors threw him into the 
custody of the sheriff of New York ; and he remained there till the death of his 
father, when succeeding to tlie earldom of Chirendon, he returned to England. 

" We never liad a governor so universally detested, nor any who so richly 
deserved the publick abhorrence." History of New York,}). 11(3. 



• IX BURLIXGTOX. 33 

NO NEWS FRO^AI MESSRS. BROOKE AND MOORE. 

JTr. Talbot to the Secretari/. 

" PhiladoJphia, 20th Augusf, 1708. 
"HoxoRABLE Sir: 

"I have written several letters to you from Boston and Xew 
lork by Brothers Brookes and Moore; but I am afraid thev 
are all lost together ; they have been nine months gone, and we 
saw them not since, nor any news of them. I met them at 
Boston and would persuade them to return, but all in vain • 
thoy had been so dragooned that they had rather be taken into 
France than into the Fort at Xew York. I have carried on t 
ever smce at Burlington as well as I could, and I thank God 
with success wherever I am; but I cannot stav loner at anv 
place, because there are so many that want, certainlv.the present 
state of that province is worse than the first; we have lost our 
labour and the Society their cost, their being several Churches 
and no ministers in all East Jersey to supply them, so that thev 
fall a.v-ay apace to Heathenism, Quakerism and Atheism, purefy 
or lack of lookmg after. Mr. Brooks and Mr. Moore are much 
amented, being the most pious and industrious Missionaries 
that ever the Honorable Society sent over ; let the adversaries 
.ay what they will they can prove no evil thing against these 
men. I have heard all sides and parties, what can be said pro 
or con. Mr. Honeyman is outed, Mr. Xicholls scouted into 
Maryland ; he had come home had I not dissuaded him, and I 
could have huidered all the rest of these scandals and disorder, 
but that we had no Bishop nor hopes of any; you would not 
hear of it, therefore I said you must hear worse and worse still 
If aught can be worse than that the bodies and souls of men are 
ruined and undone, and the Bounty of the Society lost, for lack 
of an overseer of the poor Church in America ; without which 
the Gospel cannot be planted, nor any good work propagated 

ro take to Burlington till more came over, because ours is worn 
out ; they that come I hope will bring Books with them. I shall 



84 HISTOKY OF THE- CHURCH 

write more particularly by the next opportunity. God bless all 
our friends of the Honorable Society, remaining theirs and 

"Your humble servant, 

"JoHX Talbot." 

"somebody must axsaver." 

3Ir. Talbot to the Secretary. 

" Burlington, 24th August, 1708. 
" Honorable Sir : 

" It is now nine months ago since I parted with Mr. Brooks 
and Mr. Moore at Boston; I sent letters by them, but we are 
much afraid all are miscarried. I was always glad to see them 
but much surprised to meet them both there ; they told me what 
hardship they met with from the Governors of Xew York and 
Jersey, and how they escaped out of their hands ; I was for 
converting them back again, telling them the dangers of the sea 
and the enemy, but poor Thorowgood said he had rather be taken 
into France than into the Fort at New York ; and if they were 
sunk in the sea, they did not doubt but God would receive them, 
since they were persecuted for righteousness, that is for Christ's 
sake and his Gospel, and doing their duty to the best of their 
knowledge. Truly as it was in the beginning so I find it in 
the end ; all that will live Godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer 
persecution ; but somebody must answer for these things at home 
or abroad. If I could have given them any hopes of a Bishop 
or Suffragan to direct or protect them, I believe they would not 
have gone ; nay, I would have hindered them ; but, alas ! I 
had no such hopes myself: I came over to be as good as my 
Avord rather than on any encouragement to do any good ; mean- 
while, I am pure from the Blood of all men ; ye are my Wit- 
nesses that I pleaded with all my soul to send an overseer of 
this poor Church, but you would not hear ; therefore is this evil 
come upon us. I don't doubt but by God's mercy their souls 
are not miscarried, they are in peace wheree'r they be I 
don't doubt : but we Christians in Jersev are most miserable ; 
we have Churches now but no ministers to open them, and 



IN BURLINGTON. 85 

if the gate of Heaven be shut, tlie gates of Hell will soon 
prevail against us. 

" This comes to you in the bosom of jNIr. Moore's which he 
gave me at Boston, which was the last that I had of him ; he is 
much lamented, as indeed they are both ; as for Thorowgood, I 
never knew his fellow of his age, nor ever shall again I fear ; 
nothing can make this country amends for their loss but a good 
Bishop; but alas ! that is vara avis in terrisy &c. I preached 
the Gospel at Marble-Head, where the people offered to sub- 
scribe some hundreds of pounds to build a Church ; but I have 
resolved to build no more Churches till there are more ministers 
to serve the Churches that are built. I preached at Stratford as 
I came along in Connecticut Colony, where was a numerous 
auditory, and Mr. Muirson had forty Communicants there the 
first time ever the Holy Sacrament was rightly administered ; 
and upon the Islands, Rhode Island, Long Island, and Staten 
Island, I preached till the ^Yinter broke up, when I got to 
Amboy and Elizabeth Town, w^here had been nobody since Mr. 
Brook left them, who was an able and diligent Missioner as ever 
came over; I got home about our Lady day, where I was very 
welcome to all Christian people, but alas ! I could not stay, I 
am forced to turn Itinerant again, for the care of all the 
Churches from East to West Jersey is upon me ; what is the 
worst is that I can't confirm any nor have not a Deacon to help 
me. My Clerk is put in prison, and was taken from the Church 
on the Lord's day upon a civil action of meum and timm. I 
don't know how soon I may be seized so myself, but I bless God I 
fear no evil so long as I do none; Exurgat deus dissipentur {)umio, 
&c. I hear there is another Governor coming for these provinces ; 
people are sorry it is another Lord, for they say there never 
came a good one into these parts. I may say of them as the 
Quakers did of me, 'Thee comest for money,' but I proved them 
Liars, for I have taken no money of them nor yet of others 
since I came. I shall say no more on this point but refer all 
to Mr. Moore's letter, which I hope will have some w'eight with 
the Honorable Society, because they are the last words of their 
best Missioner when he was in prison for the Gospel of Christ 
and for a good conscience. His humble proposal is that the 



86 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH, 

Honorable Society would use their interest with the Queen that 
we might have men of morals for Governors, if not of Religion ; 
I say the same, and pray God direct them all for the best; so 
I desire your prayers for, 

"Sir, 

"Your most humble servant, 

" John Talbot." 

lord lovelace succeeds corxbury. 

" John, Lord Lovelace, baron of Hurley, being appointed to 
succeed lord Cornbury ; he summoned the council to meet him 
at Bergen, December 20, 1708, published his commission, and 
met a new assembly in the spring, at Perth-Amboy, and in- 
formed them : That he was very sensible of great difficulties 
attending the honourable employment in which her majesty had 
placed him, and he hoped they would never fail to assist him to 
serve the queen and her people ; that her majesty had shewn, in 
the whole course of her reign (a reign glorious beyond example) 
how much she aim'd at the good and prosperity of her people ; 
having with indefatigable pains united her two kingdoms of 
England and Scotland, and continued the same application to 
unite the minds of all her subjects ; that this was her great 
care, and ought to be the care of those whom she deputed to 
govern the distant provinces ; that as he could not set before 
him a better pattern, he should endeavour to recommend him- 
self to them, by following as far as he Avas able, her example; 
that he should always be ready to give his assent to whatever 
laws they found necessary, for promoting religion and virtue ; 
lor the encouragement of trade and industry, and discourage- 
ment of vice and prophaneness, and for any other matter or 
thing relating to the good of the province. 

"The assembly, in their turn, told the governor by address; 
that they esteemed it their great happiness, that her majesty had 
placed a person of so much temper and moderation over them, 
and made no question he would surmount every difficulty with 
honour and safety. 

" That her majesty's reign would make a bright leaf in his- 
tory ; that it was the advantage of the present, and M'ould be 
the admiration of future ages, not more for her success abroad, 
than prudence at home ; that tho' their distance had and might 
sometimes be disadvantageous to them, yet they experienced the 
effiect of her princely care, in putting an end to the worst admin- 
istration New Jersey ever knew, by sending Idm, whose govern- 



IN BURLINGTON. 87 

nicnt Avould always be easy to her majesty's subjects here, and 
satisfactory to himself, M'hilst he followed so great and good an 
e.\;!!nple."t SmilJi's History, pp. 355-357. 

" BOLDLY CONDEMNING VICE." 

Monsr. Ncau to the Secretary. Extract. 

New York, 27"^ Feby 1701 
" Most Honored Sir : 

" Now Sir I must answer you to what you ask 

me in relation to Messieurs Moore and Brooke — those Gentle- 
men were assuredly an honor to the Mission and laboured with 
much vigour for the enlargement of the Kingdom of our glorious 
Redeemer, and one may say without prejudice to the rest that 
they were the Glory of all the Missionaries the Illustrious 
Society has sent over hither. The purity and candour of their 
manners preached as efficaciously as their mouths, insomuch 
that we cannot sufficiently lament the loss of these two good 
servants of God, the occasion of whose disgrace was as follows; 
My Lord Cornbury has and does still make use of an unfortu- 
nate Custom of dressing himself in womens Clothes and of 
exposing himself in that Garb upon the Ramparts to the view 
of the public ; in that dress he draws a world of spectators about 
him and consequently as many censures especially for exposing 
himself in such a manner all the great Holidays and even in an 
hour or two after going to the Communion, this turns the heart 
of S'lich as i-ear God against him ; M' Moore knew all this 
though he was at Burlington, and this made him censure the 
Ministers of those parts, who according to him were guilty of a 
neglect of their duty in taking no notice thereof, and he made 
no scruple to say publicly that his Lordship deserved to be ex- 
communicated whereupon My Lord Cornbury, who knew all 
that was said of him (and who had been informed that M'" 
Moore had suspended from or at least refused to give the Com- 



T Lord Lovelace died May 6th, 1709, less than six months after his arrival, 
and having never been so far in tliis province as Burlington. He Avas suc- 
ceeded in the summer of 1710, by Brigadier Hunter. Among the twelve 
members of Council, in his instructions, were Lewis Morris, Daniel Coxe, 
Hugh Huddy and Eobert Quarrv. Among the members of the new Assem- 
.blv, those for the town of Burlington, wfere Isaac DeCou and Eobert Wheeler. 



88 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

numion to the Lieut' Governor upon the account of some 
Debauch and abominable swearing to which that Gentleman is 
unfortunately addicted) writ to M"" Moore to come hither, to the 
end that he might send him to Albany but he refused to come 
saying that the Gentlemen of the Society had allowed him to 
reside at Burlington till the arrival of M"" Talbot ; this refusal 
exasperated my Lord, who went to Burlington where the Lieut' 
Governor heartily joined with" him to take a public revenge upon 
M"" Moore ; My Lord who intended to receive the Sacrament at 
Burlington, was surprised to iind nobody the Sunday following, 
but his own Chaplain to give it him for ISI'' Moore was gone 
about 12 miles from thence to administer the same to some poor 
people and this action of his finished the design they had to ruin 
him, but because they would not discover the motives of oppress- 
ing this good man they accused him of intermeddling with the 
affairs of the Assembly, because he was seen often in the com- 
pany of Colonel Lewis Morris, but they could never produce 
against him any evidence worthy of Credit. M'' Brooke was 
looked upon to be no less criminal because he said Amen to all 
that M'' Moore did, in fine Sir (for I observe that I grow tedious, 
but it would require a volume to relate every particular of this 
unfortunate story) My Lord brought hither with him M"" Moore 
and without any form of Trial imprisoned him in his Fort to 
the end that his friends might not see him, however I was there 
every day ; afterwards My Lord went to Albany leaving him 
under a Guard of Soldiers who let him go out, since which time 
we have never seen him more. He was not treated so favorably 
as the presbyterian Ministers, who having given security were 
suffered to go where they would. M'' Brooke was here the day 
that M"" Moore made his escape from the Fort and was diligently 
sought for by the Officers who intended to have imprisoned him 
in the stead of M'' Moore; all that night I had two Centiuels 
before my door, but M'^ Brooke was not in my house, I caused 
him to be hid by one of my friends, since which time I have not 
seen him neither for which I am very sorry, I protest I had no 
share in the escape of M'' Moore, though I was accused of it as 
M'" Vesey. Orders were given to stop M"" Brooke at Amboy in 
case he were found there, of which he having had notice was of 



IN BURLIXGTON. 89 

the opinion (aud so were his friends there too) that it were better 
to take a Journey to London than to expose himself to the fury 
of a powerful enemy. This in substance was the Cause of the 
disgrace and ruin of those two Illustrious servants of God, whose 
Crime -was for opposing and condemning boldly vice and im- 
morality but the friends of Debauchery and corruption of man- 
ners affirm that these ministers exceeded their power, and that 
it did belong only to the Diocesan to suspend or exclude from 
the Communion persons in authority; so that, since we have no 
Bishop any body may metamorphize themselves into Devils with- 
out fear of punishment. You see Sir what a Condition we are re- 
duced to. Judge therefore Sir whether we can labour effectually 
in the reformation of manners, whilst those who Govern us are 
our chiefest opposers ; I make no doubt that you will have 
heard that my Lord Cornbury is under arrest for debts he ha^; 
contracted here, he is selling his household goods but there are 
several Warrants against him ; I have been to see him once since 
he was arrested, but I did not find him like M'" Moore ; I am 
assured that he continues to dress himself in Women's Cloths, 
but now 'tis after the Dutch manner. I beg you to excuse this 
long Letter and take leave to salute you with a profound 
respect as being 

" Most Honored Sir, 

" Your most humble and most 
" obedient Servant 

" Elias Neau." t 

XOT THE queen's FAULT. 

Col. Ilorris to the Secretary. Extract. 

"New York, May 30th, 1709. 

* * " My Lord Cornbury Colonel Nicholson Colonel 
Quary and Colonel lugoldsby who now succeeds in the govern- 
ment as Lieut. Governor^ have all hopes to be governors either 

t Mr. Neau was the Society's Catecliist in Xew York. " Honest Elias 
Neau," Col. Morris calls him. 

X Upon the death of Lord Lovelace, the goyernment devolved npon Lieut. 
Gov. Ingoldsby, who was almost as odious, to the people of Xew Jersey, as 
Lord Cornbury had been. Field's Provincial Courts of yev: Jersey, p. 78. 



90 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

of York or Jerseys ; but pray Sir use your best endeavors that 
we fall not a prey to the Monsters of such arbitrary principles 
and so ungovernable tempei's. Ingoldsby was the cause of the 
loss of Moore & Brooke triumphs in it quarrels with the Avhole 
order says they are all a pack of rascals and knaves never a 
Barrel of them the better herring and affronts as many of them 
as comes in his way and I hope the clergy will convince him 
that they are not to be the scorn of every reptile if they do not 
his example will be transcribed, and the Clergy become the Con- 
tempt of America. * * Tis not the best return for 
the charge and pains I was at in surrendering the government 
of the Jerseys to the Queen but it is not her fault she has suffered 
more than I by committing the powers of government to persons 
unable to govern themselves and which I hope will not always 
be so." * * 

THE BEST HOUSE IN AMEEICA FOR A BISHOP. 

3Ir. Talbot to the Secretary. 

"Burlington, 30th June, 1709. 
"Sir: 

" I received your long letter and find Certamen est de lana 
Caprina. For your moderation, which is nothing in the world 
but a name which St. Paul never used in all his Epistles nor 
anything like it, but one where 'tis wrong translated ; it should 
be let your gentleness be known to all men, which I am for as 
much as anybody, towards man and Beast too ; but if you mean 
moderation in Religion, as one said here, ' I don't care whether I 
go to Heaven or Hell.' Good sir pardon your servant in this 
thing, but let us not differ about words, but follow the things 
that are for peace, and things whereby we may plant the Gospel 
and edify the Church of God. I am very glad to find by the 
President's letter, that the members of the Honourable Society 
are convinced, that a head is necessary to the body, but if he 
don't make haste he will come too late, for here is nothing 
established, but such a moderation to all that is good, and such 
a toleration of all that is evil, yea of the most damnable Heresies, 
which by the way is a damnable Toleration, and M^orse than the 
worst persecution that ever was in the world ; for that only 



IN BURLINGTON. 91 

destroyed men's bodies, but these destroy body and soul in Hell 
for ever, which is damnable with a vengeance and will make the 
last State of poor America worse than the first, if not timely 
prevented. Is it not strange, that so many islands should be 
inhabited with Protestants, so many provinces planted by them 
— so many hundred thousand souls born and bied up here in 
America; but of all the Kings, Princes and Governours, all the 
Bishops and Archbishops which have been since the Reforma- 
tion, they never sent out anybody here to propagate the Gospel? 
I say to propagate it by imparting some spiritual gift by ordi- 
nation or confirmation. I thought the Society had set up to 
supply these wants, and to take off this horrible scandal from 
the Protestant Churches, but truly they would not hear of it till 
they had lost their best missionaries (may lose all the rest for 
ought I know before it be legally obtained.) AVhat! is there a 
law against the Gospel ? Let it be taken out of the way as 
Popish and Antichristiau ; we can't Baptize anybody hardly 
now for want of God fathers and God mothers, for who will be 
bound where they are not like to be discharged ? I can't get 
children here to be catechised, for they are ashamed of anything 
that is good, for want of school masters to teach them better. 
There is one Mr. Humphreys come ever with my Lord Love- 
lace, I suppose not unknown to you by Mr. Congreve ; he is a 
pretty sober young man and graduate of Dublin college ; I have 
2;ot him £20 subscribed, but that is not enouffh for one that has 
a family. If the Society please to add so much to it as they 
think fit, it will be as good a work as they can do. Mr. Evans 
liked him so well that he would have had him for a free scheol 
at Philadeljihia, but that wanderer Mr. Ross, has got in there I 
believe by this time, for they would not be quiet till they got 
poor Mr. Club to resign. I pity Mr. Jenkin's case, and I hope 
the society will restore him, for he is young enough to move 
pity and to amend ; or if he cannot live there, let him be Itine- 
rant in this province and I will help him what I can ; the 
churches in east Jersey are falling to the ground for lack of 
looking after, I can't go there above once or twice a year to 
administer the Holy Sacrament that they be not quite starved- 
It had been better not to have put these poor people to the 



92 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

charge of building churches, than have nobody to supply them, 
I can't get so much as a Reader here for any of them, and it 
were to save their souls. You that live at home in ease and 
plenty, little do you know what they and we do bear and suffer 
here, and how many thousand souls are legally lost whilst they 
at home are legally supplying them. Who will answer it to 
Jesus Christ who will require an account of us all, and that very 
speedily too, meanwhile He has charged all to take care of his 
flock not by constraint but willingly, not for filthy Lucre but of a 
ready mind ; then they who don't care whether they go to Heaven 
or Hell will have no reward for that moderation. I find in your 
books that one Mr. Sergt. Hooke is willing to give the tenth of 
his Land to the Church at Hopewell ; pray let him send me a 
power and I will take care of it, and get him a purchaser for 
the rest. I have got possession of the best house in America 
for a Bishop's seat ; the Archbishop told me he would con- 
tribute towards it and so I hope will others ; pray let me know 
your mind in this matter, as soon as may be, for if they slip 
this opportunity, there is not such another to be had. Our 
church here does flourish, God be praised, and the town too is 
much more populous than it was ; I hope we shall soon be out 
of Debt, meanwhile I take nothing of them, there is my mode- 
ration ; besides I bless God, I have kept the peace where no- 
body else did or could, and that is no sign of immoderation ; 
now I have shown you my moderationf by my works, pray 
show me yours that I may learn more how to approve myself 
as I ought. 

" Yours &c 

" JoHx Talbot." 

" Pray for God's sake send us some books of all sorts, 
especially Common Prayer books. 

t J. Bass, in a letter to the Secretary written about this time, says: "I 
must not omit here to assure you, tliat that good man, the Reverend Mr. Tal- 
bot, deserves as much the care and regards of the Society as any minister 
amongst us, and hath been in my opinion as universally nseful. Notwithstand- 
ing some things that you in your Letter desire he might be more moderate 
in, his conversation is unblameable, and his care and concern more lor the 
interest of the Ciuirch and the glory of God than for any thing that can 
concern himself." . 



IN BURLINGTOX. 93 

" A CLOUD OF MELANCHOLY THOUGHTS." 

3Ir. Talbot to the Secretary. 

"Burlington, 27th September, 1709. 
" Sir : 

"Though I have sent you several letters of late, yet I can't 
omit so good an opportunity as this by Mr. Hamilton of giving 
my duty and service to the Honorable Society ; my comfort is I 
have always told them the truth both at home and abroad, 
though I was not believed till it was too late. "When I reflect 
on the progress of the Gospel (I will not say the Church for we 
never had it here, nor never shall till there comes over a propa- 
gator to plant and to build it up) a cloud of melancholy thoughts 
throngs upon me; for when the Shepherds are smitten the sheep 
of the flock must need be scattered abroad. Mr. Moore, Mr. 
Brooks, Mr. Muirson, Mr. Rudman, Mr. Jenkins, Mr. Urqu- 
hart, all worthy men, dead in less than two years, and almost 
all the rest run away, as Black, Crawford, Nichols ; Boss is a 
wandering star, we do not know where he w'ill fix ; meanwhile 
he does not well to supplant and undermine, let him be confined 
to some place where there is need, and not stay altogether in the 
town to do more hurt than good ; there's Mr. Evans, Mr. Ross, 
and Mr. Club all at Philadelphia, and none else in that 
Province, where the Society have sent most ; at Chester there's 
none, at New Castle none, at Appoquimony none, at Dover 
hundred none, at the whorekills none, and the people in all 
these places so abated of their zeal, that I'm sure it had been 
much better to have sent none at all, than none to supply the 
death and absence of these men. Here is not one come to sup- 
ply the loss of these 10 missionaries, and if there does come any 
what will they do but find great discouragements, and the last 
state of their several places worse than the first ; wherefore my 
advice is, Avith humble submission to my superiors, to keep 
their money and give us leave to come home, and send no more 
till they think fit to send a propagator of the Gospel ; for other- 
wise their planting the Gospel is like the Indians planting gun- 
powder, which can never take root, but is blown away by every 
wind. Poor brother Jenkins was baited to death with musqui- 



94 HISTORY OF THE CHUKCH 

toes, and blood thirsty Gal-Knippers, which \vould not let him 
rest night nor day, 'till he got a fever at Appoquimony, came to 
Philadelphia, and died immediately of a Calenture : my brother 
Evans and I buried him as well as we could, it cost us above 
£20 for, poor man! he had nothing, being out of Quantum with 
the Society, and his bills protested. If you please to call to 
mind, I told the Society when I was there, that those places 
must be served by Itinerants, and that it is hardly possible for 
anybody to abide there, that is not born there, 'till he is mus- 
quito proof; those little things are a great plague in some parts, 
and when a man is persecuted in one place he should have leave 
to go to another, or else, he has very hard measure, especially 
in these parts where our life is a kind of Penance both winter 
and summer, and nobody can tell, which is the worst, the 
extreme heat or cold. I hear Mr. Vaughan is arrived at Bos- 
ton, but is not yet come into this province, he will have enough 
to do to supply Mr. Brook's charge at Elizabeth Town, Amboy, 
Piscataway, who have had none since he left them ; but I have 
done for them, may be once in a quarter or so ; somebody occa- 
sionally passing by that way, but poor Hopewell has built a 
Church and have had no minister yet ; and he had need be a 
good one that comes after Mr. Moore ; there be many more in 
England but none so good as to come over and help us, that I 
can see or hear of. As for the account of what Indians we have 
converted, truly I never saw nor knew any that were Christians 
indeed ; but I know there are hundreds, yea thousands of our 
white folks, that are turned Infidels for want of looking after. 
Let them that have the watch look out and see what they will 
answer ; for he that is higher than the highest regards. I have 
received nothing from the people in this province, nor will not 
till they be out of debt for building the church. I leave honest 
Mr. Hamilton to give you a farther account of our affairs, and 
how we do ; he has been one of our benefactors and given us 
£10. I hope when he returns, the Society will be so kind as to 
send us some Common Prayer books which we very much want 
here and at Hopewell, Maidenhead, and everywhere. I pray 
God direct and prosper the designs of the sacred Society, that 



IX BURLIXGTOX. 9c^ 

Religion and leai'ning, piety and virtue, may be established 
among us for all generations : so I rest sir^ 

" Your's &c. JoHX Talbot. 

" I hope you will put the Society in mind of what we have 
often desired, a school master, for there is none in Town nor in 
all the province that is good ; and without, we can't instruct the 
children as they ought to be in the Catechism, for they will not 
be brought to say it in the Church till they have been taught 
at school." 

THE WILLS PROVED. 

Xearly a year had elapsed since Messrs. Moore and Brooke 
set sail for England, and no tidings of the ship, or of any one 
on board, had been received. 

With this in mind, the following have a sad and touching 
interest. 

" Burlington the 18'*^ Octo. 1709. 
" Then appeared before me, Jeremiah Bass Esq, commis- 
sioned and appointed by the honorable Coll Richard Ingoldsby 
Lt Governor ct Com'^ in Chief of the Province of Xew Jersev,. 
John Talbott, Clerke, one of the "Witnesses to the within written 
Will and made oath on the holy Evangelists of Almighty God 
that he was present and saw the Testator Thorowgood Moore 
signe seale & publish the within writing to be his last Will and 
Testament and that at the time of the signeing thereof he was of 
sound and disposing memory to the best of his knowledge & 
beliefe and that at the same time he sawSainuell Miles Thomas 
Barclay and John Brooke sio;n the same as Witnesses thereto in 
presence of the testator. 

" Jurat. Coram Me 

" J. Bass." 

" Burlington the 18"^ Octo^ 1709. 
" Then appeared before me Jeremiah Bass Esq"" Coramission- 
ated and appointed by the honorable Coll Richard Ingoldsby 
Lieut Gover'' & Commander in Chief of the Province of Xew 
Jersey &c, John Talbot, Clerke, and made oath on the holy 
Evangelists of Almighty God that he was present and saw the 
within named John Brooke signe seale publish and declare the 
within written Instrument to be his last Will and Testament 
and that at the time of the sjgneing thereof he was of sound & 



96 HISTORY OF THE CHUECH 

disposing mind and Memory to the best of his knowledge and 
beliefe and that at the same time lie saw llobert Owen John 
Brocass and Hugh Venables signe the same as witnesses thereto 
in presence of the testator. 

" Jurat. Coram me 

"J. Bass." 

THE AVILL OF THOMAS LECITER. 

"In the name of God, Amen. I, Thomas Leeiter, of the 
Towne of Piscattaway, in the Easterne Division of this her 
Majestys Province of New Jersey, being Well in health, and of 
Sound understanding and Judgement, praised be God for the 
Same, I Sett considering the uncertainety of humane life and the 
Certainety of Rendring up my Soule to God that Gave it at 
Such time as it Shall please him to Require it that I may Settle 
that estate that it hath pleased God to give me far above my 
desert I make and ordaine this my last will and Testament in 
Manner and forme following. First I give my Soule to 
Almighty God who gave it to me firmely believeing that I shall 
Attaine to life Eternall in heaven above through the merits and 
mediation of ray Blessed Lord and Savior Jesus Christ and my 
body to be* decently interred and as to Such worldly Good as I 
am possest of after my Just debts are paid and Satisfied I Give 
bequeath and dispose of the Same in manner following : I Give 
& bequeath unto the Church of St. Anne in Burlington in her 
Majestys Province of New Jersey that Is to Say the ministry of 
the Said Church, two hundred and Six ackers of Land lyeing 
and being upon Stoney Brooke in the Easterne division of this 
Province which I bought of Richard Stockton for the use of the 
Said Church and Noe other: I also Will and bequeath all the 
Rest of my Estate now in the possession of Joseph Worth to the 
onely use benefitt and behough of him the said Joseph Worth 
his heirs or Executors. I doe nominate and Appoint Mr. 
Robert Wheeler, of Burlington Merchant ray Sole and onelv 
Executor of this my Last Will and Testament Revoakeing 
hereby and disanulling all and all manner of other or former 
Will or Wills Testament or Testaments and doe desire and 
Request that this onely may be deemed and Esteemed, and 



IX BURLINGTON. 97 

taken as my true and onely Last Will and Testament. In wit- 
ness whereof I have hereunto Sett my hand and affixed mv 
Seale this tenth Day of July in the eighth year of the Reigne 
of our Sovereigne Lady Anne over England &c Queen Annoq 
Doni 1709." 

" Thomas Leciter. [ l. s.] " 
[Proved before Jeremiah Bass, Nov. 14th, 1709.] 

"letters pattent" for ST. Mary's church. 

" AxNE, by the Grace of God of Great Brittain France and 
Ireland Queen Defender of the faith &c To all Christian 
People to whorae these presents shall come Greeting. AVee 
being very \vell Assured that nothing can tend more to the pros- 
perity and Welfare of any ])eople, than the Establishment of the 
true Religion, and promoting of Piety and Virtue, which wee 
have always thought it our Duty as much as in us lies to 
incourage in all those places that are under our Care and Gov- 
ernment, That God may be Glorified, and the Inhabitants Dulv 
Instructed in the principles of the Christian Religion ; and 
knowing that it will be highly Condusive to the Attaineing of 
those Ends, that all Possible Encouragement be given for the 
Erecting and Building of convenient places for the preaching of 
the word of God, and Administring of the holy Sacraments, ac- 
cording to the Doctrine and Liturgy of the Church of England ; 
and also that a sufficient maintenance be Provided for an Otho- 
dox Clergyman to live and Reside amongst them. And whereas 
the Reverend Mr. John Talbot, minister of the Church of St. 
Mary in our Towne of Burlington, Daniel Coxe and Hugh 
Huddy, Esqrs., two of our Councill for the sd Province, 
Jeremiah Bass, Esq our Secretary, Alexander Griffith, Esq our 
Attorney Generall of our Province of New Jersey with Divers 
others have by their jjetition to our Trusty and Well-beloved 
Coll Richard Ingoldesbv, our Lieutenant Gov and Commander- 
in-Chief of our sd Province Desired that thev might have our 
Royall Grant and Charter, Enabliilg them to Act as a Body 
Corporate by the Name of the Minister, Church wardens and 
Vestrymen of the Church of St. Mary in Burlington and that 
they might have power to Receive Gifts, to Purchase Lands and 
Houses, to make Leases, and to make such Rules and Orders 
for the Disposall of their Church Affairs as shall be Agreeable 
to the Laws and Constitutions of our Kiugdome of Great 
Brittain Know yee therefore that we have for the Considera- 
tions Aforesd of our Special Grace Certain Knowledge and 

G 



98 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

Mere Motion Willed Ordained Constitnted and Appointed and' 
by these presents for us our heirs and successors, Doe Will 
Ordain Constitute Appoint and Grant That the Reverend Mr. 
John Talbot, master of Arts and the Minister of our Towne of 
Burlington for the time being Robert Wheeler and George 
W^illis Church Wardens of our sd Church and the two Churcii 
AVardens for the time being Coll: Daniel Coxe Lieut. Coll: 
Hugh Huddy two of our Councill for our said Province Jere- 
miah Bass Esq our Secretary of our sd Province, Alexander 
Griffeth, Esq., our Attorney Generall Thomas Revell Daniel 
Leeds William Bustill William Budd Nathaniel Westlaud John 
Roberts Abraham Hewlings, and their Successors to be Elected 
in Manner as is hereafter Directed be, and forever hereafter 
shall be one body Politick and Corporate in Deed and in Name 
by the Name of the Minister, Church Wardens and Vestrymen 
of the Church of Saint Mary in Burlington and them and their 
successors by the same Name AVe doe l)y these presents for ue- 
Our heirs and successors Really and fully make Ordain Consti- 
tute and Declare one Body Politick Corporate in Deed and in 
Name to have Community and succession perpetuall and that 
they and their Successors by that Name shall and may forever 
hereafter be persons Able and Capable in the Law to purchase;, 
have, take, receive and Enjoy to them and their Successors, Mes- 
suages Lands Tenements Rents Liberties Priviledges, Jurisdic- 
tions, Franchises and Other Heriditaments Whatsoever of 
AVhatsoever Nature, kind and Quality they be, in fee and per- 
petuity not Exceeding the yearly Value of three hundred 
Pounds Sterlling per Annum and also Estates for Lives or 
Years, and all Goods Chattels and things Whatsoever of AVhat 
Name Nature Quality or Valine soever they be, for the better 
Support and Maintainance of an Orthodox Minister in the sd 
Church and the promotion of Piety and Religion, and likewise 
the Maintaining and keeping in good Repaii'e the Fabrick of 
the sd Church and providing Decent Ornaments for the Same 
As Also full Power to Give Grant Bargain Sell and Dispose of" 
any of the sd Lands either for Terme of years or in Fee : Pro- 
vided always that Such and so many Lands of the full Valine 
of such as are sold shall be Bona Fide purchased and Settled 
for the Uses Aforesd And by the name aforesaid they shall and 
may be Able to Plead and be Impleaded Answer and be An- 
swered and to Defend and be Defended in All Courts and Places 
AVhatsoever and before whatsoever Judges, Justices or Other 
Officers or Other Courts AVhatsoever of us, our heirs and Suc- 
cessors in all and Singular Actions Plaints Pleas Matters and 
Demands of AVhat kind Nature or Quality soever they be and to 



IN BUELINGTOX. 99 

Act and Doe all other matters and things in as Ample nninner 
and form as any Other our Leidge subjects in our Realm of 
Great Brittain being Persons Able and Capable in the Law 
within our Realm of Great Brittain can or may have, purchase 
Receive, Possess take Enjoy sett Lett Demize Plead and be Im- 
pleaded Answer and be Answered unto Defend and be Defended 
Doe permitt and Execute And that the sd Corporation forever 
hereafter shall and may have A Common Scale for the Causes 
and Businesses of them and their Successors and may Change 
and Alter the Same at their will and Pleasure And: for the 
better Execution of the purposes Aforesd, We doe Give and 
Grant to the sd John Talbot Robert AVheeler George Willis 
Coll: Daniel Coxe Lieut. Coll: Hugh Huddy, Jeremiah Bass 
Alexander Griffeth, Thomas Revell Daniel Leeds William 
Bustill William Budd Nathaniel Westland John Roberts and 
Abraham Hewlings and their successors forever that on Monday 
in Easter Week Yearly at Some Convenient place to be by them 
ApjDointed of which Notice shall be Given by the Minister on 
Easter Day between the hours of Eight and Twelve in the Morn- 
ing to Elect and Chuse by Majority of A^oices, two Church 
Wardens & so many Vestrymen as shall be wanting to Com- 
pleat the Number of twelve Vestrymen besides the two Church 
Wardens out of the most Substantial Communicants of and in 
the said Church, And we doe further will, and by these presents 
for us, our heirs and successors, Ordain and Grant unto the sd 
Minister, Church wardens and Vestrymen, and their Successors 
that they and their Successors or the Major part of them shall 
have power to meet and Assemble at such times and places, and 
soe Often as they shall think Convenient Publick Notice being 
Given thereof in the Church the preceding Sunday and shall 
and may Consult Determine Constitute Ordaine and make any 
Constitutions Laws Ordinances and Statutes whatsoever pro- 
vided they be not Contrary to our Laws of our Kingdome of 
Great Brittain and the present Constitutions of our sd Church 
of England as also to Execute Leases for three Lives or Twenty- 
one Years And Also Bargains Sales or Grants in fee upon the 
proviso Aforesd Which to them or the Major part of them there 
present shall Seem reasonable Profittable or Requisite for Touch- 
ing or Concerning the Good Estate Rule Order and Govern- 
mentof the sd Corporation and for the more Effectuall promoteing 
the Aforesd Designs And Whereas it may soe happen that some 
person or persons that are now, or may hereafter be Chosen to 
be Church Wardens or of our Vestry of our sd Church may 
Either Change the place of their Aboad, and Reside out of our 
County of Burlington or may become Scandalous in his Life & 



100 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

Conversation, that then and in Such Cases it Shall and mav be 
LawfuU for the said Minister, Church AYardens and Vestrymen 
provided there be not less than the Number of Eight that doe 
Agree to the Same to Suspend or Remove the sd Person or per- 
sons from being Voteing or Acting as Church Warden or 
Vestryman, and forthwith to proceed to a New Election of Some 
Other fitt person in his Roome as they shall see meet and Con- 
venient And Lastly our Pleasure is that these our Letters 
Pattents, or the Involment thereof shall be Good Firm Vailed 
and Effectuall in the Law According to our Royall Intentions 
herein before Declared Ix Witness whereof: we have caused 
these our Letteis to be made Pattents and Our Scale of our 
Province of New Jersey to be hereunto Aflixed. 

" Witness our Trusty and Well beloved Richard Ingoldesby, 
Esq our Lieut. Governor and Commander-in-Chief in and over 
our Provinces of New Jersey, New York and all the Territories 
and Tracts of Land Depending thereon in America and Vice 
Admiral of the Same, &c. At Burlington, in Our Said Prov- 
ince of New Jersey, the Twenty fifth day of January, in the 
Eighth Yeare of our Reign Annoq Dom : 1709. 

"J. Bahs, Secretary.'' 

BURLINGTON, THE FIRST AMERICAN SEE. 

The Report of the S. P. G., for 1710, says: "It having been 
frequently represented to the Society, that there is a very great 
Avant of a Bishop to govern those missionaries whom the Society 
has, or shall, from time to time, send over to New England, 
New Y'ork, Pennsylvania, and other parts of the continent of 
North America, as well as the rest of the clergy in those and the 
adjacent colonies ; and to ordain others, and to confirm the 
children of the clergy and the laity; this matter has been most 
seriously considered of, and is yet depending before the Society ; 
and in the meantime, and till they can bring it to bear, they are 
looking out for the best and most commodious place, as near the 
centre as possible of the above-mentioned colonies, to fix the See 
for the said Bishop ; and having been informed, that at Bur- 
lington in New Jersey there is a spacious and very convenient 
house, with some land belonging to it, (fit for the purpose,) to 
be disposed of upon good terms, they have empowered the hon- 
ourable Colonel Hunter, her majesty's governor of New York 
and the Jerseys, [there having been originally two provinces, 



IN BURLIXGTON. lOi 

East and West Jersey, the whole when united, was often called 
'the Jerseys,'] to treat with the owner for the purchase thereof." 

"honest and indefatigable." 
Gov. Hunter to the Secretary. Extract. 

"Now York 7th May 1711. 
* "We are happy in these j)rovinces in a good set 
ol Missionaries, who generally labor hard in their Functions 
and are men of good lives and ability. Mr. Talbot I have 
found a perfect honest man, and an indeflitigable Laborer : If 
he had less warmth he might have more success but that's the 
effect of constitution." * * 

"not much rEOGEESS." 

Mr. Bass to Secretary. Extract. 

"Burlington 17th Dec^ 1711. 
OIR: 

"The state of the Church here you will have a just and full 
account of from the Bearer I wish he were able to give you a 
good account of the purchase of the house at the point. I think 
there is not much more progress made in it than was when the 
Honble Coll Nicholson left these parts but hope it will be con- 
cluded in the Spring when his Excellency comes to Burlington. 
I should be very glad to be serviceable either to the Church or 
the Society in this or any other affair that lies in my power. I 
beg the favor of your good offices to the bearer and that you 
will use what interest you have with that Honble Society for 
the promoting the interest of the best of Churches in these parts 
by the accelerating the coming of a Bishop amongst us : the 
Clergy now are more numerous than they were some years past 
and tis to be feared differences may arise Avhich can no ways be 
terminated but by his authority. But having M-rote largely on 
this and what other things relating to the interest of the Church 
in these parts I shall only beg the honor of your continued cor- 
respondence and that you M-ill believe me to' be 

"Sir 

" your affectionate friend 

"and very humble servant 
"J. Bass." 



102 



HISTORY OF THE CHUECH 



ROYAL EEPEAL OF THE NEW FORM OF PROTESTATION. 

Att the Court at St. James's ye 
19th of Dece m ber, 1711. 
s Q. .,,. i- Present 

j^ toigiiii. j ^j^g Queen's most Excellt. Maj'ty. 



j Locus \ 



Lord Keepej' 
Lord Treasurer 
Lord President 
Lord Privy Seal 
Lord Chamberlain 
Duke of Beaufort 
Duke of Hamilton 
Duke of Kent 
Lord Steward 
Earle of Northampton 
Earle of Winchelsea 
Earle of Thanet 
Earle of Clarendon 
Earle of Rochester 
Earle of Abbingdon 
Earle of Cholmondley 
Earle of Mar 



Earle of Orkney 

Earle of Islay 

Earle of Dartmouth 

Earle of Ferrers 

Earle of Orrery 

Lord North & Grey 

Lord Lexington 

Lord Bark ley 

Lord Guernsey 

Mr. Speaker 

INIr. Pagett 

Mr. Comptroller 

Mr. Secry St. John 

Mr. Chancell'r of ye Exchequer 

Lord Chief Justice Trevor 

Sr. Charles Hedges 

Lieut. Gen'll Erie 



The Lords Comm'rs for Trade and Plantations having this 
Day Represented to ye Board, That in Obedience to her Majes- 
ties Order in Council, they have Considered of ye Address of 
ye Minister, Church "Wardens and Vestry of ye Parish Church 
of St. Mary's in Birdlington in her Majesties Province of New 
Jersey, Complaining of an Act lately passed in Peusilvauia 
Constituting a New form of Protestation, repugnant to ye Affir- 
mation, Enjoined by Act of Parliament here, Entituled, an Act 
directius; an Affirmation to such who for Conscience Sake can- 
not take an Oath, which the Comisioners find materially to dift'er 
from ye Affirmation Enjoined ye Quakers by Act of Parliament 
here And therefore humbly offiirr it as their Opinion that the sd 
Law be Disallowed, her Majesty taking the same into Consider- 
acon is pleased with ye advice of her Privy Council pursuant to 
ye Powers reserved to her ]\Iajesty by ye Letters Patents under 
ye Great Seal of England to William Penn, Esq., Proprietor of 
ye sd Province of Pensilvania, to declare her Disallowance & 
Disapprobation of ye sd Law, And According to her Majesties 
Pleasure, the same is hereby repealed, and Declared Void & 
of none Effect. 

Christo: Musgraye. 



IX BURLINGTON. 103 

TfTE LATE MR. MOOEE's AFFAIRS. 

Col. Morris to John Chamberlai/ne, Esq. 

"Feb. 20, 1711. 

" Worthy Sni : 

"My Lord of London laid his commands on me to transmitt 
him an account of the affairs of M"' jSIoore, which I have done, 
and inclosed me duplicates of what Affidavits I sent to his 
Lordship, and of M"" Sharp's narrative, who kept a Diary Avhile 
in N. York. I wrote' also to the several ministers in New 
York to tell me what they knew of it to take away all Pretence 
of acting clandestinely, and to give those of them, who were my 
Lord Cornburys friends an opportunity of saying what they 
could in his justification, for you must not wonder that M'" 
Vesey begins to set up to head a party of those ; I have got no 
answer from any body but honest Elias Neau, who tells me he 
has give you what account he could of that matter, which is in- 
closed with my letter. You may see by those affidavits there 
could be no such thing as a Parole given, for my Lord was so 
far from admitting any thing like it that he would not even 
permitt him to go to Church, tho' security was offered for his 
return, and most certainly the officer in my Lords absence, 
durst not besides how can a man be said to be at liberty on his 
Parole when orders are given from officer to officer, to keep him 
a Prisoner, and a centinel charged with him ; if he was on his 
Parole, why was the centinel put in irons, and so severely pun- 
ished for letting him make his escape, this ought not to have 
been done if he was on his Parole. I am sure I never heard of 
any such thing till I saw a Paragraph of your letter to M' 
Sharp; His Lordship or his friends in England have started 
that which nobody here ever dream't, could have been possible 
to offer in a case so well known but the Affidavits will sett that 
matter in. its true light. This pretence that JVP Moore deny'd 
the Queens Supremacy is as weak as its untrue, for if he really 
had my Lord had then scope enough to gratify a resentment, 
which his conduct to M'" Moore shew'd he did not want. Bur- 
lington was not without a strong Goal which would have been 
.a more severe confinement than the Fort of New York, and a 



104 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

Tryal upon the Spot where evidences (if any) were to be had, 
was much more natural as well as justifiable, than sending him 
to England 3000 miles off, where no such thing could be proved 
against him. All that M"" Moore wanted was to go to England? 
to lay his complaints at the feet of his snperiours, and would 
he or any of his friends in the least liave believed my Lord 
would have sent him there, he never would have undertaken so 
hazardous expensive and fatigueing a journey to New England 
in order to procure a passage home, no, his fears suggested other 
things and whether groundless or not I shall not determine, I 
have heard it offered that the reason of my Lords intentions in 
sending M"" Moore home, was because he was cautious in meddling 
in Ecclesiastical affairs, why then did he confirm that ridiculous 
suspition of M^ Moore by Coll Ingoldsby that was properly an 
ecclesiastical affair and meddling with a witness but of this 
enough." Colonial History of N. York, Vol. F.-p]?. 318-9. 

"the coxgregatiox ale in a flame." 

Gov. Hunter to the Secretary. Extracts.. 

"New York Feby 25th ITJl 

* * " This serves for Prologue to a story which I 
believe will no less surprize you than it startled me. 

" Col. Heathcote told me he was privately informed that there 
had been a representation against me carried about to some of 
the Clergy for Subscription ; I could not believe it being con- 
scious to myself of nothing that I had done, left undone, or 
intended, with relation to the Churchs Interest, that the most 
consumate malice could ground a representation upon. That 
worthy gentleman was of the same opinion but positive that 
there was such a representation, for which reason he in con- 
junction with Coll Morris as members of the society thought fit 
to write a letter to Mr. Yesey & Mr. Henderson in whose hands 
they understood this paper to be & who were the principal con- 
trivers and Promoters of it. * * there came over hither 
one Mr. Henderson a missionary with a new Light * * 

he is upon his departure to England charged with the clandes- 
tine representation. This yonng Gentleman came from England 



IN BURLINGTON. 105 

not long agoe for Dover Hundred of Pensilvania whether he 
disliked the people or the people him I cannot tell but he 
remayned but a very short time among them and returning to 
Burlington in the Jerseys Mr. Talbot got him to supply his 
place during his absence, being come himself to New York to 
pursue a resolution he had taken of going for England; Col. 
Quary acquainted me that in his passage through Burlington 
he found that poor congregation all in a flame, Mr. Hendei*son 
it seems had thought fit in performing Divine Service to leave 
out that prayer in the Litany for Victory over her Maj'^^ Enne- 
mies, and the prayer appointed to be said in time of War; The 
chiefe of that Congregation had took exceptions at this, but he 
gave them no other reasons for so doing but that Mr. Talbot had 
done so, they replyd that having been long acquainted with 
Mr. Talbots exemplary life they were willing to bear with his 
scruples, but he could pretend none having formerly never 
omitted them & further that this would look as if that congrega- 
tion could not bear any such prayers which was a thing far from 
their hearts, and entreated him to pray as he was appointed by 
his superiors, or they would not willingly assist at them for the 
future. Mr. Quary desired me to speak to Mr. Talbot upon 
this head ; I begg'd of him first to do so, and then if there was 
any necessity I wou'd, he did so, & the result was that Mr. 
Talbot went back to Burlington and Mr. Henderson came hither 
to go for England in his place, having in charge the secret 
Rep" mentioned j * * I have now bargained with 

Mr. Tatham for that House and Land at Burlington & as you 
will observe by the enclosed Deed marked (C) have reserved the 
space to four months for the Societie's Assent or dissent, which 
I beg I may have speedily that we may not be loaded with 
Interest. The house is much out of repair and will be in a 
Short time uninhabitable, if there be not directions given for 
repairs." * * 

MR. TALBOT BUYS A HOUSE. 

On the 16'^ of March, 1711, Hugh Huddy, " for the sume of 
One Hundred & fforty pounds of currant silver money att the 



106 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

rate of nine shillings & two pence pr ounce," conveyed to " John 
Talbot, Clerk/' a house, and lot containing 2^ acres of land 
fronting on the East side of Second [afterwards named Talbot] 
street, between the land of John and Jonathan Fox and the land 
of Walter Humphrey, 21 perches and 10 feet. Also, 23 perches 
of laud next adjoining. M'" Huddy delivered the property into 
the possession of M"" Talbot in the presence of Robert Wheeler, 
Thomas Gilberthorp and George Willis, and received £140, " in 
full sattisfaction therefor." 

The Deed was acknowledged before Daniel Coxe, Oct. 27^*", 
1711, and "entered in the publique Records of the Province," 
in "Lib A. A. A. folio 376, 377, by J. Bass, Secretary." 
Original Deed. 

THE S. p. G. BUY THE TATHAM PROPERTY. 

On the 29"^ of October, 1712,— "in the Eleventh year of 
the Reign of our Sovereign Lady Anne, by the Grace of God 
Queen of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Defender of the 
Faith" — "his Excellency Robert Hunter Esq, Captain Gen- 
eral and Governor in Chief of the Provinces of New York 
and New Jersey and the Territories depending on them in 
America, &c, and one of the Members of the Right Honorable, 
the Society for the propagation of the Gospel in fforeign Parts," 
in behalf of said Society, purclfased for ",£600, sterling money 
of England," f the famous property " at the Point ; " the Survey 
of which, by Daniel Leeds in 1689, and the description of its 
" Great and Stately Palace," | by Gabriel Thomas in 1698, are 
given on pp. 11 and 17. 



fin 1712, there is the following report : "The Society did little else this 
year in the cause of the Church abroad, but finish the contract for the house 
at Burlington, [known afterwards as Burlingtox House,] mentioned in the 
abstract of 1711, as the best and most commodious place for fixing one of the 
Bishops' Sees ; which was effected by agreement between John Tatham, gent., 
and his excellency Robert Hunter, Esq. ; the former having made over the 
fee simple for ever to the Society, on the valuable consideration of six hun- 
dred pounds English sterling, or nine hundred pounds current money of New 
Yoi'k, to be computed eight shillings each ounce, at the expiration of four 
calendar months, after the date thereof, Feb. 26, 1711." 

tThe first occupant of this "Palace" — John Tatham, a man of great 
wealth and culture, (whose AVill, and Inventory, in the Secretary's office at 
Trenton, afford much information concerning him) — died in 1701, and left 



IN BURLINGTON. 107 

TO BE MADE HABITABLE FOR A BISHOP. 

Ilcssrs. Evans and Talbot to the Society. 

"Burlington, December 4th, 17] 2. 
"Right Reverend and Right Hon. Sirs : 

* * " In these parts of the world the great enemv of 
mankind hath for many hundred years ruled with an uninter- 
rupted sway, and we are sensible that he doth and will use all 
the means possible to hinder and discourage the Missionaries, 
whose business it is to promulgate the Gospel, and by that 
means to deliver his Captives from the greatest slavery into the 
glorious liberty of the Sons of God. Our Great Master hath, in 
these parts, raised us up some faithful friends of all ranks who 
are zealously affected both to us and the work \\q are engaged 
in, and nothing now seems more Avanting to establish the 
Church, in a flourishing state, than the residing of a Bishop 
amongst us in these parts; which we are in hopes it will not be 
long before we are blessed with, since we are informed the Hon- 
orable Society have closed the bargain for the house at the point, 
and directed the fitting it up for the reception of a Bishop. We 
are sorry any accident should have altered so charitable and 
good a design, and therefore you may imagine it was with no 
little concern that we beheld the damage done by fire, on one 
part of the house, since the closing of the bargain, (though before 
any possession was given to any person on account of the 
Society.) On the 23d October, in the afternoon, by the foul- 
ness of the chimney and carelessness of one Stiles, who kept 
possession for Mr. Tatham, the fire took on the top of the Roof, 
but by the industry and care of all sorts of people was extin- 
guished with the loss of part of the Roof of that part of the 
house that lieth next the Town, and little other damage. Hi^ 
Excellency the Governor, by his letter to Mr. Talbot of the SJ 
November, 1712, hath directed him to repair the house and 
make it habitable for a Bishop; which since it could not be 



It to US widow, Elizabeth. She died shortly afterwards, and left it to Thomas 
Kevell, in trust for her children, being minors. Her son— likewise named 
John— and Mary, his wife, of New York, executed to Gov. Hunter, the Deed, 
lrom_ wliich_ these particulars are drawn, and which was acknowledijed before 
David Jamison, Esq., Chief Justice of the Province of ]S^ew Jersey; 



108 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

clone this winter, as your Honours may see by the enclosed cer- 
tificate, we thought it more advisable to acquaint the Society 
thereof, as also our opinion that it would be less chargeable and 
more certain, if the Society would please to give order to some 
person in this Town to manage that work, and believe Mr. Sec- 
retary Bass hath already (without any directions) taken care to 
provide some things necessary for the covering the House and 
fencing the Garden, &c., and whose zeal for the interests of the 
Church, and particularly for the coming over of a Bishop, M-e 
believe is not unknown to the Honorable Society, if his letters 
of the 22d May, 1711, with the enclosed papers, were communi- 
cated to the Society. We herewith send the Honorable Society 
the carpenter's opinion about the repairs, and believe that the 
sending Glass, Sheet Lead, Nails, &c., from "England would be 
both better and cheaper than to purchase them here. Wo 
earnestly pray for a blessing on your pious endeavours for the 
Glory of God and good of his Church, and remain with all 
imaginable deference, 

" Right Reverend and Right Honorable, 

" Your most obedient and faithful 
" Humble Servants, 

" Evan Evans, 
" John Talbot." 

from the clergy at a general meeting. 

" 3Iai/ it please the Honorable Society 

" As your Honble Body has recommended to us in particular 
manner the maintaining a correspondence among ourselves in 
order to cherish a Brotherly affection so we have made it our 
business ever since we had the Letter by our Rev'^ Brother M'' 
Henderson to take the most effectual measures we could think 
of to carry on the said most useful christian design and as we of 
the province of Pensilvania have fixed upon certain times to 
meet together so to render the correspondence so earnestly 
recommended to us the more extensive and consequently the 
more acceptable to our Honble Superiors. 

" "We at our meeting at Philadelphia agreed at a Motion made 



IX BURLINGTON. 109 

by some of our Bretheren of New York and New Jersey con- 
cerning a General Meeting of the Clergy of the said provinces 
and us in prosecution of the said Motion, we fixed upon this 
day and place and tho' we make no doubt of our Bretherens 
good inclinations to give us a Meeting, yet to our surpt-ize none 
of them besides one Reverend Brother M'" Talbot thought fit to 
be present ; the reason of this unexpected disappointment we 
cannot find out except the Governor of New York his summon- 
ing our Bretheren to meet at New York much about this time, 
which we cannot chuse but construe from what we can learn 
from very good hands, to be done to frustrate our well designed 
endeavours to follow the Instructions given to us by the Honblc 
Society in this particular we have nothing farther that is 
material to add having by this very opportunity written at large 
to the Board we beg leave to conclude this with an account of 
our going directly from this place to the opening of a New 
Church at Oxford where M'' Talbot is to preach upon that occa- 
sion & with our hearty prayers for a constant blessing upon the 
most Christian endeavors of our Hon'ble patrons and Benefac- 
tors, we are with all imaginable deference 
" May it please the Honble Society 
" Your most dutiful & most 

" Obed' humble Servants 
" Geo. Koss Johx Talbot 

John Clubb Eyax Evans 

Jac. Hendeesox Ericus Bioeck 

JoHx Humphreys Axdrew Saxdel." 

"SOLICITIXG FOR A BISHOP THESE TEX YEARS." 

* 3Ir. Talbot to the Secretary. 

"Burlington, Augs' 6th 1713. 
"Sir: 

"Tho' I have not had the favour of a Letter from the Honble 
Society since Mr. Henderson arrived in these parts, yet I think 
it my duty to take all opportunities of paying all dutiful regards 
to that Venerable bodv. Therefore I could not fail to salute 
them by the hands of my good brother Evans Rector of the 



no HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

Church at Philadelphia who conies home in the service of the 
Church which never wanted patronage so much as now in all 
these two provinces particularly New Jersey and New York and 
I may say in Pensylvania too. The rights of the Church are 
invaded and possessed by her Enemies. Affidavits are procured 
and dispersed by the worst of men against the best Missionaries, 
the plate and books given by the Society and other benefactors 
are violently carried away, and those who pretend to be pro- 
moters of the Gospel use all ways and means and have 
persuaded one unworthy Brother to carry affidavit from province 
to province against another and as I have always said we 
cannot expect any better treatment till we have a superior 
pastor to order and establish the Church, this is the one thing 
necessary which I have been soliciting these ten years. I find 
it all in vain for them or us to offer to propagate the Gospel or 
Erect the Church without Bishop or Deacon which I humbly 
offer to our superiors at home for the burden is too hard upon 
us poor presbiters, who labor under all sorts of perils and diffi- 
culties which w^e are not able to bear any longer. But I need 
say no more by this worthy Brother, who has been a faithful 
Laborer here these 13 years and has a particular account of the 
affairs of all his churches to whom I do with all humility refer 
the Honble Society upon whose credit they may safely depend. 
So desiring your prayers and protection 

" I remain Sir &c 

" John Talbot." 

a remonstrance and petition. 

The Churchicardens and Vestry to the S. P. G. 

" Burlington March 25"^ 1714. 
" Right Rev° and Right Honorable 

" To whom with a greater probability of success can we ad- 
dress in a cause in which the Church is concerned than to you 
whose peculiar business is to propagate the Gospel in Foreign 
parts : you that have with an uncommon generosity at a vast 
expense and charge sent over Ministers rightly ordained into 
these dark corners of the world to turn the people from darkness 



IX BURLINGTON. Ill 

to light from error to truth and by all means to endeavor the 
increase and flourishing estate of the Church we believe cannot 
but be concerned at those steps that are taken by some amongst 
us to defeat all those good designs to discourage and ruin our 
Infant Church and propagate false and erroneous principles 
destructive to the interest both of the Church and state. On 
these considerations it is that we humbly presume to address 
your honours that you would afford us your assistance to put a 
stop unto those mischiefs that unreasonable men under a color 
of a law are endeavoring to bring on this Church and Colony. 
Had only our estates been endangered by their mischievous 
devices we should not have presumed to interrupt you from your 
more weighty affairs to hear our complaints but when our 
reputations Laws liberties lives and what is and ought to be 
dearer to us than all our holy Religion is subjected to the 
humours of unreasonable men and made the sport of faction and 
party when men whose avowed principle it is that the taking 
of an oath in any cause whatsoever though enjoined by the laws 
of the Land is unlawful shall by a law of their own making be 
admitted to enjoy all offices of profit and trust and to serve on 
all Jurys except Petty Jurys in causes criminal. As your 
Honors will see is designed by the inclosed act past by an As- 
sembly great part of which are Quakers. We hope you will 
give us your assistance to prevent the dangers the Ministers and 
Members of our Church must undeniably be exposed to by such 
laws can your hon^'® Society hear that the whole course of the 
common law is changed and men who will not swear mingled 
in the same number with those who are under the sacred oblira- 
tion of an oath and this called a Jury and by a law enabled to 
try all causes criminal and mixt and the same persons enabled 
to sit as Judges who have taken no oath for the due discharge 
of their offices and not join with us in addressing her Majesty to 
disallow that act that has given them this power and thereby to 
save us from the dangers threatened. Had we been so happy to 
have a Bishop residing in these parts of the world we doubt not 
he would have put a stop to these growing mischiefs which we 
fear will never be removed without. To remonstrate the state 
and case of our Churches in writing is both tedious and trouble— 



112 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

•some and at last must of necessity fall short of giving that just 
idea of things and persons to any that are at so great a distance 
from these parts as our circumstances require which would be 
easily discerned and as easily helped by a person of that sacred 
order residing among us. 

"We therefore humbly pray that your Honorable Society 
would be pleased to grant us their assistance in getting the 
inclosed act of Assembly disallowed by her Majesty and as the 
only means of securing us from the like attempts for the future 
that your endeavors may be used to hasten the sending a Bishop 
amongst us the want of which on the Continent and Islands of 
America is such an instance as the christian world from the 
Apostles days to this time hath never produced the like when 
so many thousand souls as the Northern Colonies alone have 
inhabiting in them and the greatest part of them professing 
themselves Members of an Episcopal church have no Bishop 
residing amongst them to rule and govern them it is no wonder 
if the Members grow careless remiss and slack in their duty if 
many fall into scandalous and damning errors, if Atheism 
Deism Quakerism Freethinking & other heresies increase 
amongst us, if scandals are both given and taken when the 
Ecclesiastical sword is wanting to punish evil doers to reduce 
the erroneous and cast off the heretics. 

" How happy were our churches under the administration of 
the Earl of Clarendon a noble Member of your Honorable 
Society to whom we never applied in vain for any thing that 
might promote its Interest and whose protection and favor is 
now so very much wanted by us here. AVe are sensible had he 
continued we should have had no need to address your honors 
to prevent the passing an Act so very destructive to the churches 
Interest and do yet comfort ourselves with the hope that he will 
so far remember us as to afford us his assistance in hindring its 
receiving the royal approbation. 

" The Rev'' Mr. Talbot your Missionary unto this Church 
hath not only opposed these practices with an uncommon zeal 
and prudence but in all things hath behaved himself like a truly 
apostolick person his pious discourses and exemplary life as it 
hath been very instrumental in the confirming us in our most 



IX BURLINGTON. 113 

lioly faith so hath it in many things defeated their designs in 
these parts and calls for our grateful acknowledgement to you 
for the services he hath done. 

" We humbly beg your honours pardon for the tediousness of 
this address and that you will believe it is only a sincere desire 
of the prosperity of the best of Churches amongst us and a con- 
cern to see the expense and charge which you have with so 
much generosity expended frustrated by these pernicious prac- ^J^c 

tices that engages us in this matter. : ■ 

" May the Divine Being direct and prosper all your consulta- 
tions for his Glory and the Churches good and may we always 
gratefully acknowledge the services we already have received 
and still hope to receive from your honorable Society who are 

"Right Rev" and Right Honorable 

your most humble & obedient servants 

The Churchwardens and Vestry of the 

Church of St. Mary in Burlington 

"J. Bass -^ } ri i i 

" Manuel Smith / ^''■''^''^^^^'''(irdens. 

"and others." 

THE SEE-HOUSE IX PERFECT REPAIR. 

Governor Hunter to the Secretary. Extract. 

" New York 10 May 1714. 
* * "I have put the house at Burlington in perfect 
repair f it cannot be let because I have no instructions for a 
lease and we have difficulty to find any who will live in it for 
nothing by the year and take care of it. I have drawn Bills for 
the money I have advanced on that score as I was directed and 
have sent over the receipts and vouchers, pray intreat for me ' 
punctual payment for if you knew my circumstances you would 
be convinced that I pinched hard to spare it." ^= " * 



T The abstract of the Report of the S. P. G. for 1714 savs : " And by way of 
preparation for a Suffragan, or Bishop, in one of tlie Sees upon tJie continent 
ot America, the Society having tliought fit to purchase a seat for Iiis residence 
some while since at 600/. sterling expence, in a convenient mansion-house and 
lands, situate at Burlington, within the Jersies : thev liave proceeded to ex- 
pend this year, for repairs of damages done bv fire aiid otherwise, under Gov- 
ernor Hunter s inspection and menage, 226/. 7s. o^/." 



H 



114 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

ROWLAND ELLIS, SCHOOLMASTER. 

Mr. Ellis to the Secretary, 

" Burlington in West Jersey May the 20'^^ 1714, 
" Sir 

" Being by the Venerable & worthy body the Honorable- 
Society &c appointed Schoolmaster into this Town according 
to their directions I presume (having had some experience of 
the nature & disposition of the people humbly conceiving, myself 
more capable then heretofore) to render to the Society a true 
account of the present state condition and progress of my School 
since and after my arrival into this place. 

" At my first coming here I found one that had undertaken 
the charge of the School and had been therein about a twelve 
month before I came, (who when he understood the errant I wa* 
come upon) endeavored to set the people against me that he 
might be countenanced and continued in the Town insomucli 
that his insinuations prevailed and made the Inhabitants look 
shie upon me at first being a stranger together with what he had 
suggested proved an obstacle rather than any encouragement to 
piety & learning. Upon my entrance into the School, I found 
about a dozen of young pupils there (thro' the Rev'' M"' Talbot 
and some more of the good people of the Towns persuasions for 
the retaining and encouraging of this man being he was lamo 
and an object of Charity) I consented to take him as an assistant! 
thinking thereby to please the people and to gain their love and 
do him service, notwithstanding the diskindnesshe had done me 
before and still persisted at every opportunity to do more till I 
came better acquainted with the Town and his intrigue I found 
that it would not answer and that the Town could or would 
afford two Schoolmasters and seeing the number of my boys to 
be but few I told him my intent and gave in my reason, how 
unlikely it was for us both to be in expectation of a maintenance 
by so few to which he replied with a great deal of warmth &. 
assurance that he had he thought as good a title and as great a 
priviledge to follow his vocation here, meaning Burlington, as I 
had if not more, thus being; set on bv some designino; men and 
such as he called his Friends (but had better been, without them.) 



IN BURLINGTON. 115 

he arrogantly withstood the Societies power and authority say- 
ing to my face that he cared not for the Society nor none that 
belonged to them what where they to him ! he would teach in 
Town whether 1 would or no with abundance of such imperti- 
nent ^.wds until I made him sensible to the contrary producino- 
my Licence to which with some reluctancy and grumbling 
he submitted. * » 

'[ When he was gone I found my number decreasing instead 
of increasing as every young beginner would have expected at 
ength I went about enquiring the reason whv they were so 
backward and so negligent in the discharge of their duty which 
God had commanded them seeing I was sent, to the end their 
d.ildren might be brought up in the nurture and admonition of 
the Lord the reason I could never yet fully learn but most part 
of the people have told me that he had been in their houses 
ushering of malicious suggestions against me (which they have 
since own d) would consequently prove prejudicial to mv reputa^ 
tion, these unexpected and God knows undeserved reflections 
proved a great hindrance to my Lifant School and I sustained 
no small disadvantage thereby : thus we poor Missionaries suffer 
and all for want of a good Bishop amongst us to maintain our 
cause to suppress such irregularities and be our refuge in time 
of need for unto whom shall we make our complaint but to 
those who supply our wants? or unto whom shall we flee for 
succour to harness ourselves against such miscreants that would 
devour us especially in these parts where we are beset with 
Heahenism Paganism Quakerism and God knows what, havin. 
the law in their hands and our lives & liberties at their mercv 
I say to whom shall we make our addresses and from whom shall 
we expect relief but from himwho is Lord over us, deplorable 
IS the case of our Church in these dark corners of her Aajestvs 
dominions where Quakerism so much and lost will those she;p 
be a last, who have n. Shepperd ; but to say no more about this 
bad enough I beg leave to return to my former head and 
that IS I havegot rid of the Serpent thank God and with some 
difficulty regained my lost Lambs which were dispersed abroad 
through the wiles and cunning contrivance of the Fox- and 
have now to the number of 20 & I praise God they daily in- 



116 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

crease but most of them are Quakers enemies to our Church so 
that I can't do as I would but as near as I can without giving 
offence (endeavouring to please everybody) I discharge the duty 
of my office. I shall as much as in me lies be always ready to do 
that Hon''''' Society all the service I am able either abroad or at 
home & with all the care and diligence I can or may make use 
of to work upon the obstinate minds of Parents as well as their 
offspring to turn them from Darkness to light from error to 
truth and from the Power of Satan to embrace the light and 
taste of the benefits of the Glorious Gospel of our Lord Jesus 
Christ the righteous. 

" As to the nature and disposition of the people I could 
enumerate to you several Families in this Town that have sev^- 
eral children and have not sent a child to School since nor before 
I came they being of different persuasions and qualities regard- 
ino" neither Religion nor learnino; nor their childrens welfare but 
bring them up like themselves heathen-like having neither 
knowledge nor understanding of future things nor indeed things 
present unless it be how to get an estate, it grieves me to see so 
many idle children leading one another to all manner of wicked- 
ness and follow mischievous practices but much more to hear 
their Parents indulge and uphold them therein, I have beged of 
them to send their children to School but to no purpose thus in 
short it is here and these things I thought myself in duty bound 
to give an account of, the substance or what part you seem con- 
venient bo pleased to communicate to the Hon''''' Society together 
with my hearty respect in all dutiful obedience, with my kind 
service to yourself. 

" I conclude Dear Sir &c 

" Rowland Ellis." 

"the auk of god IX THE HANDS OF THE PHILISTINES." 

" To the Queens Most Excellent Majesty. 
" The humble address of your Majestys Loyal subjects the Minister 

Churchwardens and Vestry of St. 2farys Church in Burlington 

in new Jersey in America. 

" Permit us most gracious Sovereign to lay before your 
Majestys feet the tribulation of the Church in this your Majestys 



IN BUKLINGTON. 117 

Province distressed by the wiles and insnlts of Quakerism and 
schism and snrronnded with the power of her enemies who with 
unwearied zeal and artifice labour to bring her to the ground 
whom shall we apply to but to heaven in cases of great affliction 
or from whom expect relief to the Church but from your Majesty 
who is Gods image and immediate representative. The present 
difficulty we lie under is a certain new act which the Governor 
Council and Assembly has passed in this your Majestys Province 
to (qualify the people called Quakers to serve as Legislators 
Judges Justices Jurors and to execute all offices of Trust or 
profit in the Province which we humbly presume to be an in- 
novation of a very dangerous consequence contrary to the laws 
and Statutes of England and consequently repugnant to your 
Majestys instructions by virtue whereof the Quakers are made 
Rulers and Guardians of the Church and State who ever hated 
one and whose principle it is to deny to defend the other. This 
unrighteous act delivers up the Church to the power of her im- 
placable enemies the Quakers and of all the sects of Dissenters 
the most dangerous to Christianity. This impious act gives them 
(by the laws they shall make and by the Judgments they shall 
please to give) a liberty to dispose of the Estates & liberties of 
your Majestys subjects and to control or persecute the Church 
purely upon the credit of their bare affirmation without any 
lawful qualification without any oath or any other lawful obli- 
gation injoined upon them to the contrary upon which sacred 
obligation of Religious oaths depend all the laws of Great 
Britain both Ecclesiastical and civil which guard the lives and 
liberties of your Majestys Subjects and defend your crown tis the 
basis whereon truth and Justice expand their light in your 
Majestys dominions and your Majestys Throne is establishd by it. 
"We humbly trust in your Majestys goodness that this act so 
contrary to the laws and constitutions of England & to your 
Majesty's Instructions and so pernicious to the Church and state 
may receive no sanction from your Majesty's Royal hand but 
that your Majesty may be pleased to stretch it forth to save us 
for ^ve are sore aggrieved to see the Church of Christ in the 
power of Quakers as were of old the children of Israel to see 
the Ark of God in the hands of the Philistines. Our Infant 



118 HISTORY OF THE CHUUCH 

Church (whose nursing Mother your Majesty is) claims a right 
to be nourished in the arras of your royal care and favor. We 
humbly implore that her preservation may be your Majestys 
care and your Majesty the care of heaven. That your Majesty 
would preserve in its minority the tender Vine that it may 
stretch forth its branches to the floods and from the floods to the 
worlds end — That your Majesty may rescue her from the Gov- 
ernment of Quakers who like the many headed beast are ready 
soon as she is born to devour her. 

" We cannot express to your Majesty without abhorence the 
villainous and sacrilegious fact committed by the enemies of our 
religion in Trinity Church at New York where in the night the 
window was broken open the surplice cut and tore in pieces the 
common prayer Books taken out into the Church yard and there 
defiled with human ordure and the Minister himself goes in 
danger of his life. The examples and vile indignities upon our 
holy religion may point out to your Majesty the necessity of 
appointing true sons of the Church to rule as well as to act in 
your Majestys Councils in your Majestys Provinces and how 
absolutely necessary and of great service a Bishop would be to 
these Provinces to preserve the order and authority of the 
Church to punish the prophaue with Ecclesiastical censures to 
protect the Clergy in discharge of their holy function and 
by his power precept and exemplary life expand the Glory 
of the Gospel. 

" From your ]Majesty the fountain of all goodness upon earth 
we hope for protection and that your Majesty would be pleased 
from the power of schismatics and Quakers from the priesthood 
of Micha from the snare of the Hunter from .the Counsellors of 
Zoan from the Statute of Orari and from people that strive with 
the Priest, to defend and deliver us your Majestys Loyal subjects 
that the sons of the Church may in these distant parts of your 
Majestys Dominions taste the blessings of your Majestys 
righteous & happy administration. 

"From all your Majestys blessings we humbly pray to 
Heaven that God's mercey may long uphold your Majestys 
Thron(! — That you auay be ever dear to God and your People 
that after a victorious War abroad you may long reign at home 



IN BURLINGTOX. 119 

secure in a glorious peace in tlie heart of your subjects — That 
your Majesty may loug live the joy of your Kingdom — the ter- 
ror of your enemies and the glory of the Earth and may your 
Majestys care of the Churcli Militant after a long series of 
^^appy years be at last rewarded with the joys of heaven in the 
Church Triumphant. 

" J OHN Talbot Redoi . 

"J. Bass SeeV". "I ^7 , 

" Maxuel Smith / C'/ti^rc/«6-«rc?ens 

"and others." 

•'the gospel ridiculed ; THE CHURCH UXDERMIXED ; TIIi: 
LAWS OF EXGLAXD SUBVERTED." 

The ]^edor &q of St. Mary's Church to General Nicholson. 
^' May it please your Excellexcy 

" We are not insensible what a weight of business continuallv 
presses on your Excellency and of what consequence tis to trifle 
with the least minute of your time, time which must needs be 
extremely precious when the occasions of imploying it are so 
many and of so high and considerable a nature as the Glory of 
God and the good of his Church the honor and interest of her most 
sacred Majesty and the M^elfare and prosperity of her subjects. 

"Xo other consideration than this could prevail with us to 
remain so long in silence and stifle the declaration of our joy 
and satisfaction which now we sincerely and heartily make for 
your safe and happy return unto these American parts — honor'd 
and dignified with a character which many have wished for but 
could never obtain and which by the Providence of Almighty 
God and her Majestys great wisdom and goodness has been re- 
served for your Excellency thereby distinguishing you amongst 
the most loyal and deserving of her subjects ever was equal to 
and qualified for so great and diffusive a Trust ; but as our joys 
on the one hand are redundant, so our grief and complaints on 
the other are extravagant for who that has any sense of religion 
(which teaches us duty to our God— Loyalty to our Sovereign 
and love to our Country) can with any Patience behold the 
doctrines of the Gospel ridiculed and vilified, the Church of 



120 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

Christ undermined and shaken, and the laws of England in 
danger of being intirely subverted. 

" The most impious and atheistical Books and Tenets are 
not only cunningly and privately but impudently and publicly 
spread abroad and promulgated & even acts of Assembly past 
(containing most abominable falsities to make them the more 
pallatable) in order to countenance the Quakers those enemies 
to our Church and Holy Religion and enable them to act in all 
places of trust and profit in the Government as well as to serve 
on Grand and Petty Jurys by which means they are capable by 
Indictments &g to destroy the reputations of or at least to cast 
an odium on the Ministers and Members of the Church of 
England ; not to insist on the danger we are in of being deprived 
of our Estates if we refuse to humour these pretended Saints in 
their most frantic and licentious extra vagencies. 

" Add to all this the frequent and scandalous reports against 
many sober and religious divines and threatening even the very 
lives of others. 

" Who can without horror & detestation mention or so much 
as think on that hellish sacrilegious act lately perpetrated at 
New York or whom can we imagine to be the authors of it but 
such whose principles lead them to depreciate all religion and to 
persuade men to dwindle down into Atheism or free thinking. 

" Those small attempts against the Churches of Jamaica tt 
Amboy serve but as so many shades to embellish & sett off that 
greater masterpiece of villainy and abomination. 

" The particulars of all these matters will in more than ab- 
stracts appear to your Excellency's view in the several addresses 
sent home to Great Britain — The representation of the Clergy 
&c. The originals of all which particularly of that from our 
selves are designed to pass through your Excellencys hands and 
we hope for and intreat your Excellencys favor in recommend- 
ing them the shortest and surest way to be laid at her Majesty's 
feet with your Excellencys sentiments upon the whole which we 
presume naturally fells into the Province allotted you and may 
be occasion of redressing some of the greatest irregularities that 
have ever happened since these parts of the World have been 
added to the dominions of the imperial Crown of Great Britain.. 



^:'' 



* 



IN BURLIXGTOX. 121 

" For the rest when wo are made happy in yonr Excel lencys 
presence in tliis Province which we are encouraged by a sio-ht 
of yonr Commission shortly to expect we shall make it our 
business to evince (as we have ever done) the Loyalty of our 
principles and the justice of our complaints which shall likewise 
be attended with a demonstration of the regard we have for your 
Excellency's person and merit to either of which the greatest 
part of us are no strangers. 

" We remain with the most profound respect 
"May it please your Excellency 

" Your Excellencys most obed' humble Serv'^ 
" Alex^ Griffith Att. Genl. John Talbot Rector 

Rowland Ellis Sch. J/'". Dan^ Coxe 

Manuell Smith Hu. Huddy 

Rich Allison Dan^ Leeds 

Jonathan Lovett J. Bass 

Abraham Hewlings." 

" THE SPEEDY SENDINa OF A BISHOP THE ONLY REMEDY." 

To his ExcelV'^y Gov'' Nicholson. Extract. 

* * "To mention no more of these ungrateful matters 
we think it our duty lastly to complain to your Excellency of 
an affair M'hich we believe will be a very great obstruction to 
the progress of the Gospel in the Government of the Jerseys viz. 
An Act of Assembly lately passed at Burlington entituling the 
Quakers to a part in the legislature with an Indulgence to them 
of the affirmation tho' rejected at home for the manifold injuries 
& wrongs done by it— this pernicious act was long aimed at but 
ineffectually by reason of the interposition of some honest Gen- 
tlemen members of the Church of England but these being by 
the restless malice of a party by indirect means viz. by accusing 
them most falsely of being disturbers of the peace of the 
Province procured to be removed from the Council at this 
time no friend of the Church being in the way this act passed 
Avithout opposition. 

" These and a great number of affronts offered to the Church 
of Christ and the injurious treatment of us the Ministers of it^ 
put us under the necessity of crying aloud for succour and pro- 



122 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

tection and we have reason to bless God that your Excelleucv 
is now upon the spot invested with power to examine where the 
cause of all this lies. 

" We have cause to fear that if a speedy stop be not put to 
those griev^ances the fruit of our labours here will be destroyed 
and the pious aims of the Venerable Society for promoting re- 
ligion and piety will be rendered frustrate. The only remedy 
we can see for preventing of these calamities is the speedy 
sending a Bishop into these parts to protect us and stand in the 
Gap against any person who may encourage or countenance any 
lawless designs against the Church. Sir the house at Burlington 
bought in the name of the Venerable Society for his habitation 
is compleately repaired for his reception according to their order, 
we must pray for such a person and the affairs of the Church 
languish for want of him and if notwithstanding all this we are 
not so happy as to have one sent to us, we are likely to run into 
independency and confusion. Manifold have been the represen- 
tations of this nature which we thought it our duty from time 
to time to offer to the prudent consideration of pious and ven- 
erable persons whom we believe immediately concerned in 
providing for our relief God knows not without great cause, but 
W'ith great grief we speak it, all hitherto ineffectual — Sir we are 
a considerable body and should not be left destitute of a head, 
the cause is the greatest of all causes the o-lorv of God and the 
good of Souls which our holy Church engages herself to promote ; 
it is owing to the alone mercy of the great and good God that 
it has flourished as we now see it, but as it is surrounded with 
Enemies attacked from many quarters by violent and restless 
inquiries of Satan we are not without reason and fear that the 
last state may be worse than the first, unless speedy succour be 
administred to our distresses. 

^'To you then Sir we have recourse in this our exigency and 
humbly entreat your Excellency M'ho have upon all occasions 
demonstrated yourself to be a worthy Son friend and Patron to 
this best of Churches and its Ministers to transmit this our 
complaint with which we make bold to trouble your Excellency 
together with your sentiments upon the matter to the Venerable 
Society and all other Xoble Patriots who have sincerely at heart 



IN BURLINGTOX. 123 

the cause of God and religion and we shall acknowledge this in 
all humanity as the greatest obligation you can lay upon us 
to be for ever 

" May it please your Excellency 
^'your Excellencys 

" Most obliged and 

" most humble Servants 

" John Talbot 
" Rector of the Church of Burlington 
" Andrew Saxdel 
^' 3Ihiistcr at Wlcaco near Philadelphia 
" Francis Phillips 
" Minister of Christs Church in Philadelphia 

" John Humphreys 
" Minister of the Church at Oxford near Pliiladelphia.''^ 

death of the queen. 

In 1714, on "the first day of August in the morning," says 
Smollett, with his usual particularity of statement, "Anne 
Stuart, queen of Great Britain, expired in the fiftieth year of 
her age, and in the thirteenth of her reign. * * "^ 

" The virtues of her heart were never called in question. She 
was a pattern of conjugal affection and fidelity, a tender mother, 
a Avarm friend, an indulgent mistress, a munificent patron, a 
mild and merciful prince, during whose reign no subject's blood 
was shed for treason. She M'as zealously attached to the Church 
of England from conviction rather than from prepossession, un- 
affectedly pious, just, charitable, and compassionate. She felt a 
mother's fondness for her people, by whom she was universally 
beloved with a warmth of affection which even the prejudice of 
party could not abate. In a word, if she was not the greatest, 
she was certainly one of the best and most unblemished sover- 
eigns that ever sat upon the throne of England ; and well 
deserved the expressive, though simple epithet of ' The good 
Queen Anne.'" — History of England, Vol. I, pp. 502-3. 

GEORGE, the FIRST. 

"The parliament," continues Smollett, "having assembled, 
pursuant to the act which regulated the succession, the lord- 
chancellor, on the fifth day of August, told them, that the privy- 
council appointed by the elector of Brunswick had proclaimed 
that prince under the name of king George, as the lawful and 
rightful sovereign of these kingdoms. * * * 



121 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

"It was the misfortune of this prince, as well as a very great 
prejudice to the nation, that he had been misled into strong ]>re- 
possessions against the tories, who constituted such a consider- 
able part of liis subjects. They were now excluded from all 
share of the royal favour, which was wholly engrossed by their 
enemies : these early marks of aversion, which he was at no 
pains to conceal, alienated the minds of many who would other- 
wise have served him with fidelity and affection. An instan- 
taneous and total change was effected in all offices of honour 
and advantage. =x * * r^^^ j^j^^g declared in 

council his firm purpose to support and maintain the churches 
of England and Scotland as they were by law established; 
an aim which he imagined might be effectually accomplished, 
without impairing the toleration allowed by law to protestant 
dissenters. * * * 

" Meanwhile, the number of the malcontents in England was 
considerably increased bv the kino-'s attachment to the whiff ftic- 
tion. The clamour of the Church's being in danger was revived; 
jealousies were excited ; seditious libels dispersed ; and danger- 
ous tumults raised in different parts of the kingdom. * * 

"The Pretender took this opportunity to transmit copies of 
a printed manifesto. In this he mentioned the good intentions 
of his sister towards him, which were prevented by her deplor- 
able death. He observed that his people, instead of doing him 
and themselves justice, had proclaimed for their king a foreign 
prince, contrary to the fundamental and incontestable laws of 
hereditary right which their pretended acts of settlement could 
never abrogate. * * * Religion was mingled in 
all political disputes. The high churchmen complained that 
impiety and heresy daily gained ground from the connivance, or 
at least the supine negligence of the whig prelates. The lower 
house of convocation had, before the Queen's death, declared 
that a book published by Dr. Samuel Clarke under the title of 
'The Scripture Doctrine of the Trinity,' contained assertions 
contrary to the Catholic Faith. * * * ^j^j^g ^^jg_ 

putes about the Trinity increasing, the archbishops and bishops 
received directions, which were published, for preserving unity 
in the Church, the purity of the christian faith concerning the 
Holy Trinity, and for maintaining the peace and quiet of the 
state. By these every preacher was restricted from delivering 
any other doctrine than what is contained in the Holy Scriptures 
with respect to the Trinity ; and from intermeddling in any 
affairs of state or government. The like prohibition was extended 
to those who should write, harangue, or dispute on the same 
subjects." — History of England, Vol: I, j^p. 506, 508-510. 



IX BURLINGTON. 125 

:^[R. TAT.EOT SICK AND DISHEARTEXED. 

31)'. Talbot to the Sec7'etari/. 

"Burlington, October 28th, 1714. 
"Sni: 

"I sent a letter by Mr. Evans, wherein I desired leave of the 
Honorable Society to come home. I have been long enough in 
these parts to see iniquity established by law, and that by some 
of your own members, and what good can your Missionaries do ? 
I have been sick a long time this fall with a burning fever, 
which made me so weak that I could scarce speak. I could not 
preach, nor read prayers, so the service of God ceased. In all 
this Province of West New Jersey there never was any minister 
of Christ's Church settled but myself. I have built three 
Churches since I came here, but have nobody to keep them, 
nor myself neither. We have had a very sickly time this year; 
I have buried more than in ten years before ; and many Church 
people died that had nobody to visit them when sick, nor bury 
them when dead. Let them that have the watch look out, 'tis 
they must give account ; I am clear of the blood of all men, 
abroad and at home, and so I hope to keep myself. The 
Society were once upon a good resolution to send Deacons to be 
School Masters ; if they had done so to Burlington, to Bristol, 
to Hopewell, they might have kept the Church doors open, for 
they could read the Prayers and Homilies, Baptize and Cate- 
chize, they could visit the sick and bury the dead ; but now 
they must bury one another ; they have no where to go but to 
Quakers' meetings, which are as bad as Indians' ; there's noth- 
ing but powawing and conjuring to raise a Devil they cannot 
lay again ; and now that this wickedness is established by law, 
wdiat should we do here any longer ? They do declare in the 
presence of God Almighty, they don't swear, call him to witness 
all they say is no more than yea or nay. 

"The Church at New Bristol, over against Burlington, was 
opened about St. James' day, and so called St. James' Church, 
by the Rev. Mr. Philips, who preached the first sermon. The 
Church was full of people from all parts, who were liberal con- 
tributors to it. I went now and then to preach there on Sun- 
days in the afternoon before I was sick, but since that I have 



126 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

not been able, so the Church has been shut up, almost ever shice 
it was opened. The Church at Hopewell has been built these 
ten or twelve years, and never had a minister settled there yet, 
though thev have sent several Petitions and Addresses to the 
Societv ; but I understand since, that Hopewell, Maidenhead, 
&c., were kept under the thumb for Cotton Mather and the rest 
of the New England Doctors to send their emissaries ; and those 
hirelings have often come there, and as often run away, because 
they w^ere hirelings, and cared for no souls but themselves. 

" As for the Church at New Bristol, it was first begun by the 
zealous Thorowgood Moore, of pious memory ; and when he was 
taken away by this same cursed faction that is now rampant, I 
was unwilling any of his good works should fall to the ground, 
so I crossed the water at my own cost to serve those poor people, 
who lived in Darkness and the shadow of death, in the midst of 
Heathenism, Atheism, and Quakerism ; but it pleased God by 
our preaching the word in season and out of season, some came 
to believe and were baptized, they and their children, and two 
of the Chief people there, Mr. John Rowland and Mr. Anthony 
Burton, were willing to undertake to build a Church, which 
since they have done, and I believe they will endow it too if 
they get a minister before they die. I gave them five pounds 
and a pulpit of black walnut, which cost as much more, to en- 
courage them ; I promised to lay their case before the pious 
society, that they may take some care of them, that they be not 
a reproach to the heathenish Quakers, who are too apt to reflect 
upon us, ' where is your Priest, where is your Minister, and 
where is your Church, it may serve us for a meeting house,' &c. 
Pudet hccG opprohria nobis did potuisse et non jjotuisse repelli. 

"But the History of the Church at Burlington, (fee, has been 

so much better done by Colonel Jeremiah Bass, Esq., Secretary 

of this Province, and transmitted home, by the hands of the 

Honorable General Nicholson, that I need say no more at 

present, but desire the prayers and blessing of the venerable 

Society for their 

" Most humble and faithful Missionary 

" And servant, 

" John Talbot." 



IN BURLINGTON. 127 

HISTORY OF THE CHURCH AT BURLINGTON, NEAV JERSEY,. 
BY JEREMIAH BASS, ESQ., DELIVERED BY GENERAL NICHOLSON.f 

"SOLI DEO GLORIA. 

" After a long season of Ignorance, Superstition, and Idolatrv 
had covered this Province, it pleased that Infinite Being whose 
goodness is over all his works, and who hath promised to give 
unto our Blessed Saviour, the Immaculate Jesus, the Heathen 
for his Inheritance, and the utmost parts of the Earth for his 
possession, to illuminate these Provinces with some Hayes of his 
Glory and Goodness, by sending the glorious light of the Gospel 
amongst us. The first European inhabitants of this River 
were the subjects of the King of Sweden, who in their first 
settlement in this River, brought with them the Religion of 
their country, in which, to their commendation, and the care of 
their Missionaries, they have yet continued ; few of them having 
at any time from their first settlement to this day, apostated 
from their Christian Faith, to the envy of Quakerism. 

" The next Inhabitants were the Dutch, who having taken 
the River from the Swedes, introduced their Laws, Government,, 
and Religion, which again suffered an alteration, by the coming 
in and conquest of these parts by the English, who in their first 
settlement of this Province, seemed to mind more the business 
of their Trade and Plantation, than that great concern of their 
souls. There being in the Western Division, no settled Society 
or congregation of any of the Church, or any Dissenters, except 
Quakers ; and although some Reverend Divines, as they occa- 
sionally passed through this Province, preached the Gospel and 
administered the ordinance of Baptism to some few persons, and 
by that means sowed the seeds of the Gospel, that have since 
sprung up amongst us, and excited the desires of some of the 
Inhabitants to make a more diligent enquiry into the true way 
of worshipping God, and had in some measure taken off those 
prejudices that most of the Inhabitants laboured under, by 
education, example and reading the Books and hearing the dis- 
courses of such as had misrepresented both the Doctrine and 

t "Copied from a MS. obtained by me in England, from the papers in the 
possession of the Lord Bishop of London, at Fulham. F. L. Hawks, 1836.!'" 



128 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

Discipline of the Church of England ; yet we cannot properlv 
begin any History of the Church but from the arrival of the 
Reverend Mr. Edward Portlock, who at the desire of several of 
the Proprietors of the Eastern Division of this Province, came 
over, ordained by the Right Reverend Henry, Lord Bishop of 
London, to take the care and cure of souls, as rector of a Church 
to be built at Perth-Atnboy, the Metropolis of the Eastern Divi- 
sion of this Province, who arrived in this Province, and made 
liis application to the Governor, for the Proprietors, in the year 

; who with the consent and approbation of the Agents, 

for the Proprietors, called the council of Proprietors, set apart 
one of the Houses (that had been formerly built at the charge of 
the general Proprietors) for the peculiar service and worship of 
God, according to the Laws of England, which House, by the 
Contribution of several pious and well-disposed persons, was 
soon covered, and glazed, and fitted with seats and a Pulpit, and 
Mr. Portlock put into possession of the same, (which by the way 
is the only Church they have to this day at Perth-Amboy) ; in 
the interim, the said Mr. Portlock preached sometimes at the 
Governor's House, sometimes at a House belonging to Mr. 
Dock wra of London, Merchant, sometimes in the neighbouring 
Towns of Woodbridge, Piscataway, Elizabeth Town, and when 
the Gov'ernor's business called him into the Western Division, 
accompanied him to Burlington, where the public Town House 
Avas allowed him for that service. This good work was at the 
same time carried on by the Rev. Mr. Vesey, in the Eastern 
Division, and the Rev. Mr. Clayton, Minister of Christ Church, 
in Philadelphia. These beginnings of Light, which through 
the Blessing of God were not unsuccessful, and the division that 
at this time happened amongst the people called Quakers, by 
Mr. George Keith's opposing some of their principal errors, 
occasioned several pious and well disposed Christians to think 
of erecting a place in Burlington, peculiarly dedicated and set 
apart for the service and worship of God, according to the usage 
of the best of Churches, the Church of England ; who were herein 
much encouraged and assisted by the pious discourses and ser- 
mons of the Rev. Mr. Evan Evans, Rector of Christ Church in 
Philadelphia, who frequently came over into this Province, 



IX BURLIXGTOX. 129 

pi'eaclied aud baptized both Infants and Adult persons, and the 
Rev. Mr. John Talbot, our worthy Minister, a Missionary of 
the Honorable Society for the propagation of the Gospel in 
Foreign Parts ; this good work was very much forwarded by 
the generous contribution of his Excellency Francis Nicholson, 
Esc|., then Governor of A^ii'ginia, who we must own to be our 
first and best Benefactor, and indeed he gave life and motion to 
the whole work, by a generous contribution of nigh £50, to be 
laid out towards that service ; and since, I have the just occa- 
sion to mention that worthy patron of our Churches (in whose 
commendation on this score too much can hardly be said). I 
may be therefore bold in affirming, that no Church in these 
})arts hath wanted assistance towards its foundation, reparation, 
or beautifying but hath on application tasted of his bounty; no 
Missionaries or Ministers, that have had the happiness of his 
acquaintance, have parted from him without some mark of his 
favour j nor no devout and pious member, in any exigency or 
distress, has applied to him for relief or support in vain. On 
this encouragement, and the assistance of some considerable 
benefactions of £50, from the members of the Church at Phila- 
delphia; £12 IGs. from the Rev. Mr. Myles at Boston, and the 
courteous care and diligence of Mr. Robert Wheeler, of Bur- 
lington, merchant, since deceased, (who has sometimes been in 
advance above £150, out of his own pocket), aud the contribu- 
tions of several other persons, who though not particularly men- 
tioned, will be rewarded by Him, who has promised a reward 
for a Cup of Cold Water, given to a Disciple in the name 
of a Disciple. 

"The Church of St. Mary in Burlington, in the Western 
Division of the Province of Xew Jersey, had the foundation 
stone laid by the Rev. John Talbot, Missionary from the Hon- 
orable Society for propagating the Gospel, on the 25th day of 
March, in the year of our Lord 1703 ; being a day sacred to the 
memory of the Annunciation of the Conception of our Blessed 
Saviour to the Virgin Mary, which gave name to the Church. 
This beginning was carried on with that Industry aud Diligence, 
chiefly by the said Mv. AVheeler, that it was inclosed, covered, 

I 



130 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

ceiled, and glazed, and the Holy Sacrament administered therein, 
by the Rev. Mr. John Talbot, on Whitsunday, the 4th of June, 
1704; the Divine Service having been read and Sermons 
preached in the said Church ever since the 22d of August, in 
the preceding year, 1703. Thus the work of God and his 
Church was carried on amongst us, with great alacrity. The 
Burying ground purchased for the Church, containing in all 
about three acres, being well fenced in, and Pews and Seats in 
the Church, the members began to think it convenient to form 
themselves into a regular Society, according to the Law and 
Customs of England, and thereupon addressed themselves by 
Petition to his Excellency, Edward, Lord Cornbury, (since Earl 
of Clarendon,) her Majesty's Governor of this Province, and a 
real friend of our Church, who on the 4th October, 1704, 
granted his Warrant for a Patent to Incorporate them, under 
his Privy Seal, with all requisite and necessary powers for their 
encouragement and support.f The Church thus settled, under 

f This " Patent " — Avliich Mr. Bass, in a subsequent portion of his History, in- 
forms us was not passed — is in tlie office of the Secretary of State at Trenton, and 
reads as follows : "Edward Viscount Cornbury Captain General & Gover'r 
in Chief in & over the Provinces of New Jersey New York and all the Terri- 
tories and Tracts of Land depending thereon in America and Vice Admiral 
of the same &c. Whereas Several of the Inhabitants of the Town and County 
of Burlington in her Majestys Province of Nova Cfesaria or New Jersey out of 
a Pious Zeal for the promoting the Worship of God according to the Usage of 
ihe Church of England as by Law established. Have by Voluntary Contribu- 
tions erected a Church in ye Town of Burlington for the performing of Divine 
service according to the usage of the said Church ; And there being as yet no 
Settlement of Officers necessary for the well Governmt of the same: I Have 
Therefore thought fitt for the better Eegulation and Encouragemt of the Li- 
habitants to Constitute and appoint for this Year Robert Wheeler & Hugh 
Huddy Gentlemen to be Church AVardens of the said Church called by the 
name of Saint Annes Church in Burlington to continue for one year. And I 
do likewise appoint the Honble Coll Richard Ingoldesby Esqr Lieut: Gover- 
nor of Her Majesty's Provinces of New Jersey New York &c Nathaniel West- 
land Thomas Revell Danl Leeds William Budd Esqs John Roberts George 
Willis AVilliam Bustill John Hamell Edniond Steward Gents to be Vestry 
men of the said Church, Authorizeing and Impowering the Church Wardens & 
Vestry or any Six of them to meet together and Transact with the Assistance 
of the Minister all things necessary for the benefit and Incouragemt of the 
said Church and at ye Expiration of the Term of one Year All the Commu- 
nicants of the sd Church shall be ajipointed to meet in the said Church upon 
a Certain Day to Chuse Church Wardens and Vestry men for the Year 
Ensueing which said Day shall be declar'd by the Minister immediately after 
Divine Service the next Sunday before the Day for the Intented election, and 
so from year to year, which said Church Wardens and Vestry men are hereby 



IN BURLIXGTON. 131 

the care of the Kev. Mr. John Talbot, through the Blessing of 
God, on his ministry, grew and increased so that we had sub- 
scriptions made, and the foundation laid, for a Church at Hope- 
well, in the upper part of the County of Burlington, which hath 
been since finished, which was for some time supplied by the 
Rev. Mr. May, but is now without any minister. We had 
another begun at Salem, which by some unhappy accidents, hath 
been since discontinued, though not without some hopes of being 
revived, when it shall please God to send some one amongst us, 
that careth for the welfare, and seeketh the good of the Churches ; 
to both of which Churches we find his Excellency, Colonel 
Nicholson, one of the first and chiefest Benefactors ; and here I 
cannot omit mentioning the Honorable Colonel Coxe, then one 
of Her Majesty's Council for this Province, who was one of the 
first subscribers to our Church at Burlington, and has given the 
like assistance to that at Hopewell, together with the assurance 
of settling 200 acres of Land, out of the nighest and most con- 
venient part of his Land, contiguous to the said Church, for a 
glebe for the Minister, whenever it shall please God a mission- 
ary be sent over, to take care of that Church, or sooner if it be 
desired. I might also mention the Churches of Chester, New 
Castle, Dover River, Apoquimony, Oxford, and Bristol, that 
about the time, were either begun or finished ; but designing to 
confine myself to Burlington only, I purposely omit any par- 
ticulars of them. Our Reverend Minister's affairs calling him 
for England, in the year of our Lord 1705, he appointed the 
Rev. Mr. Thorowgood Moore to serve the Church in his room, 
a person of morals, exemplary meekness, piety and charity. 
Our Vestry thought it their duty, by the Rev. Mr. Talbot, to 
send home Addresses to Her Majesty, and a Letter of Thanks to 
the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Bishop of London, and the 
Honorable the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, which 

vested with all Eequisites and necessary powers and Priviledges usually En- 
joyed b}'^ Church Wardens and Vestry men in ye Kingdom of England. 

" In Witness whereof I the said Lord Cornbury have hereunto sett my hand 
and Seal this fourth day of October Anno Reg Reg. Annee nunce Anglice &c 
Tertio Annoq Dom. 1704. 

" Cornbury." 
"By His Excellency's Command 

" J. Bass." 



132 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

are too large to be inserted in this Essay. Our Church for 
some time found no considerable alterations by the absence of 
our worthy Rector ; but that enemy of our happiness, who had 
been manv times heretofore sowing the seeds of Division and 
Dissent'ion amongst us, (which through the care and prudence of 
our Rector, were not suffered to grow and increase) took advan- 
tage of his absence, and stirred up such a flame, that had almost 
broke' us to pieces, and occasioned the- unhappy removal both 
of Mr. Moore and the Rev. Mr. Brooke, Rector of the Church 
in Elizabeth Town, (erected chiefly by the careand^diligence of 
Colonel Richard Townly, who has given the ground it stands 
on, and a place for a Burying Ground,) who have not been heard 
of since their departure from Marble-Head, in the year 1707. 
But I willingly pass over this subject, too sad to be insisted on, 
charitably hoping that all who were any ways the unhappy 
authors of it, have since blotted out their sins by repentance, 
and I have good cause to believe that had we been so happy, to 
have enjoyed an Ecclesiastical Governor, to have dispensed the 
censures of the Church, and to have determined differences, that 
will sometimes unavoidably occur, betwixt Ministers and Mem- 
bers, and betwixt Ministers and the People, this mischief had 
been prevented or cured ; it is no wonder if our Communicants 
grew remiss and slack in their duty, if too many fell away in 
scandalous sins of schism, if error and heresy increased, if scan- 
dals were both taken and given (as there were in this case), 
when the. Ecclesiastical sword was wanting, to punish evil-doers, 
to resist the unruly, to reduce the erring, and to cut off the 
obstinate and heretics. By this unhappy absence of our Rector, 
who was then in England, and of Mr. Moore who was gone 
from us, the number of our Communicants, and the Interest of 
our Church sensibly decreased, but began again to revive on the 
return of our Reverend Rector in the year 1708, who acquainted 
us that he had presented our humble Address to Her Majesty, 
and the other Letters that we sent ; and that Her Majesty had 
been graciously pleased to give us Lead, and Glass, and Pulpit 
Cloth, and Altar Cloth, and a Silver Chalice, and Salver for 



IN BURLIXGTOX. 133 

the Communion Table,t and a Brocade Altar Clotli ; and'-that 
she had also sent Lead, and Glass, and Pulpit Cloths, and Altar 
Cloths for the Churches of Hopewell and Salem, which we 
received by the hands of the Honorable Col. Robert Quarry. 
He also brought us an Embossed Silver Chalice and Patten, the 
gift of Madam Catharine Bovey, of Flaxley ;| for all which our 
Vestry returned their thanks by Addresses and Letters of the 
Gth of November, 1708. 

"His Excellency, the Lord Cornbury, being succeeded in the 
Government of this Province, by His Excellency the Lord 
Lovelace, whose Commission was published the 20th of Decem- 
ber, 1708, all things relating to the Church here, continued 
much at a stand, His Excellency never coming so far as Bur- 
lington, nor as I know of, having ever been at Church in this 
Province, whilst he enjoyed that Government. By the death 
of that Nobleman, in the year 1709, the Government devolved 
upon Colonel Richard Ingoldsby, then Lieutenant Governor of 
the Provinces of New Jersey, and New York, under whose 
administration, our Vestry (that by some unaccountable neglect, 
had omitted to pass the charter designed for us, by the Earl of 
Clarendon) got it now passed, under the Broad Seal of this 
Province, whereby they became incorporated by the name of the 
Minister, Church-Wardens, and Vestry, of the Church of St. 
Mary in Burlington ; which was enrolled in the Secretary's 
Office, the 25th of January, 1709. By this Charter, the Rev. 
Mr. John Talbot, Rector, Mr. Robert Wheeler, and Mr. George 
Willis, Church-Wardens, and Col. Daniel Coxe, Lieut. Col. 
Huddy, Alexander Griffith, Her Majesty's Attorney General, 
Jeremiah Bass, Her Majesty's Secretary of this Province, and 
sundry others, were appointed, constituted and made a Body 
Corporate and Politic, in deed and in name, to have Com- 
munity and succession perpetual, with powers to purchase, take 

t This " Chalice and Salver," are still (1876) in use. They are both without 
any ornament, or device ; each has engraved upon it, " Ann* Reginie." 

J This " Embossed Silver Chalice and Patten,'' are still (1876) in use. The 
chalice is richly ornamented ; having on its bowl, stem and base, heads of 
angels, in full relief, and e*nblems of the Passion. Under its base, and on 
the reverse of the paten also, is this quaint inscription, " The Gift of Mrs. 
Cartherine Bovey of fflaxley in Glouccstersheire to St. Marys Church att Burling- 
ton ianew Jersey in America." 



134 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

and receive Lands, &g., in fee and perpetuity, not exceeding 
£300 sterling per annum, with power to sue and be sued, im- 
plead and be impleaded, to make and use a Common Seal, and 
the same, to alter at their discretion, to choose New Church- 
Wardens and Vestrymen, as there shall be occasion, with many 
other powers and immunities, too large to be here inserted, from 
■which time the members of the Corporation met together, and 
transacted all affairs, relating to the Church, under that style and 
title. And here I cannot forget mentioning the Donation of 
250 Acres of Land given to this Church, the last Will of 
Thomas Leicester, deceased, which by this Charter, we were 
enabled to receive. We had nothing happened of any great 
note to us, till the year 1711 ; and some time in April in that 
year, the Church received the gift of a large silver Beaker, with 
a cover well engraved, f being the present of the Honourable 
Colonel Robert Quarry, for the use of the Communion ; in the 
same month the minister, Church-Wardens, and Vestry, having 
received advice from the Rev. Mr. Evan Evans, Rector of 
Christ Church, in Philadelphia, and from the Vestry there, that 
their Assembly had passed an act directing affirmation, to such, 
who for conscience sake, cannot take an oath, together with a 
copy of the said act, and duly considering with themselves, the 
pernicious tendency of such proceedings to Religion in General, 
and to the best of Churches, the Church of England in particu- 
lar, they thought it their duty to give as public a testimony as 
they could, of their just detestation and abhorrence of such prin- 
ciples and practices, and in order, thereunto, at their meeting, on 
the 4th of April 1711, they caused the following Resolves to be 
entered in their minutes : 

" 'Resolved that the said act is contrary to, and destructive of 

f This '' Beaker, witli a cover, well engraved," is still (1876) in use. The let- 
ters T B R are wrought in a monogram on them both. The beaker is engraven 
with vines and fruits, and flowers pendant Jrom ribbons, between which are 
the heads of cherubim. Other devices upon it, are, an eagle on a perch ; a 
peacock; a bird with fruit in its claw; and another bird with a large serpent 
in its beak. Around, on the surface of the cover, is graven, very spiritedly, a 
hunter, with a horn at his lips and a spear in his hand, preceded by three 
liounds in pursuit of a stag. The whole is surmounted with a large and ex- 
quisite crown. 



IX BURLINGTOX. 135 

the Religious and Civil Liberty of Her Majesty's subjects, and 
contrary to the J^aws of Great Britain. 

"'Resolved that an address be drawn up to her Majesty 
against giving her Royal Assent to the said act. 

"'Ordered that the Rev. Mr. John Talbot, the Honourable 
Col. Daniel Coxe, Alexander Griffith, Esq., Her Majesty's 
Attorney-General, and Mr. Secretary Bass, do draw up the 
said address.' 

"According to these Resolves, an Address was drawn, signed 
and sent home to Her Majesty, together with others, to the 
Right Rev. Henry, Lord Bishop of London, the Right Hon- 
ourable, the Earl of Clarendon, &c., which had that good effect 
at home that Her Majesiy was pleased by her order in Council 
to declare her disapprobation of that act. f The gentlemen of this 
church, were rather induced to this, in that they had just cause 
to fear that the same enemies of our Church that had, with so 
much cunning and artifice, obtained that act, in the neighbouring- 
Province, would be restless in their endeavors to obtain the same 
in this Province; and indeed the party of the same sort of men, 
having got themselves chosen Representatives of the People, in 
this Province, in conjunction with some others, who in this too 
much betrayed the interests of the Church, had at the Sessions 
of the Assembly, in this Province, in December, January, and 
February, 1710, obtained a Bill, to pass the House of Represen- 
tatives, entitled an act for ascertaining the qualifications of Jurors, 
and enabling the Quakers to serve on them, and to enjoy places 
•of profit and trust, within this Province ; which was by the 
majority of the Council, rejected at the second reading; who in 
this, as well as in many other instances, showed their zeal and 
fidelity to the Church, and its interest here in this Province. 

" The Church, all this while, had laboured under the burden 
of a Debt, contracted by several of its members, towards the 
building and finishing the same, which occasioned a new sup- 
scription to be made, which, not answering to a sufficient sum 
to pay the Debt, we find the same worthy member, Col. Coxe, 
by the Donation of £25, set us clear of that incumbrance we 
were uneasy under. 

t See the Royal Repeal, p. ] 02. 



136 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

" Our Church now began to have thoughts of providing some- ' 
thing in this Town like a Glebe, for the Rector of our Church, 
for the time being, but were almost discouraged by our paucity 
and poverty ; but Divine Providence, that never faileth those 
that confide in it, afforded us an unexpected supply, by means 
wholly unthought of by us. The Rev. Dr. Frampton,t late 
Bishop of Gloucester, having, by his last Will and Testament, left 
£100 sterling towards propagating the Gospel in America, at 
the sole appointment of the Right Rev. Henry, Lord Bishop of 
London, that Worthy and Reverend Prelate, at the instance and 
desire of Madam Catharine Bovey, of Flaxley, in the county of 
Gloucester, our worthy Benefactress, by a proper Instrument, in 
April, before he died, directed the money to be paid into her 
hands, for purchasing somewhat in America, that may be per- 
petual to the Church of St. Mary's in Burlington ; to which she 
is pleased in her Letter to promise an addition of her own to 
complete the purchase. This sura is appropriated towards the 
payment of the purchase money, for a convenient House, 
Orchard, and about Six Acres of Land, adjoining to the Church, 
in the Town of Burlington, to the use of the Rector of the said 
Church, for the time being, for ever ; and since I am mention- 
ing these smaller Benefactors, towards the Church here, I should 
be justly charged with ingratitude and inadvertency, if I had 
not remembered that act of generosity in the Right Honorable 
the Society for propagating the Gospel in Foreign Parts, who 
have not only constantly supported our Reverend Minister with 
a salary of £60 per annum, our schoolmaster Mr. Rowland Ellis 
with a Salary of £20 per annum, but have, at the expense of 
£600 sterling, purchased the House formerly built, and belong- 
ing to Mr. Tatham, with fifteen Acres of Land, and Twelve 
Acres of Meadow, for the use of a Bishop, when it shall please 
God to send one hither, and have since repaired the same, at 
very great additional expense. 

" The. same General Assembly that had not sat since the 16th 
of July, 1711, after many repeated prorogations, at last met his 
Excellency, Colonel Robert Hunter, Governor of this Province,, 
on the 8th of December, 1713, and continued their Session, till 

t One of the original nonjurors. See foot note to p. 11. 



IN BURLIXGTOX. 137 

the 17th of March following, in which amongst other acts, 
having passed an Act, ' That the solemn Affirmation and Decla- 
ration of the People, called Quakers, shall be accepted and taken 
instead of an oath in the usual form, and for qualifying and 
enabling the said people to serve as Jurors, and to execute any 
office or place of trust and profit within this Province,' the Min- 
ister, Church-Wardens, and Vestry, on a due consideration of 
the danger the Church is in, by the increase of Atheism, Deism, 
Sociniauism, Quakerism, and a new set of people that seem to 
be a compendium of all the ancient Heresies, known by the 
name of Free-Thinkers, and perceiving this Act of Assembly to 
give too great encouragement to these Enemies of our Church, 
thought it their dutv to use their strenuous endeavours to obviate 
those apparent mischiefs ; and, therefore, in an humble manner, 
made a new application to Her Royal Majesty, (who is not only 
Titular, but indeed the Defender of the Church) to prevent 
the giving her Royal Assent to so mischievous an Act ; and at 
the same time addressed the Honourable Society for the propa- 
gation of the Gospel, for their countenance and assistance, to all 
Avhich they are in hopes of a gracious answer. By this Act, the 
professed enemies of the Church, being made capable to be ad- 
mitted into all offices and places of profit and trust, it is easy to 
perceive how hazardous it is for any of the friends of the Church 
to appear in its defence, or to adventure to put a stop to this 
foment of evil, by the most regular methods of addressing 
against it; since some persons, not contented with liberty of 
conscience, are so fond of licentiousness in Gov^ernment, that 
they will leave no stone unturned to obtain their darling Idol. 
It was for this end that by false suggestions and calumnies, sev- 
eral of the friends and favorites of the interest of the Church, 
Gentlemen of some of the best estates in the Province, were, to 
our very, great grief, removed from being of her Majesty's Council 
and their places filled with others, that have been more favor- 
able to their designs and interests ; but it is time now to put a 
period to this Essay, it being sometimes more dangerous to assert 
Truth than to justify Error. In a word, since the first begin- 
nings of any Established Church in this Province, we may truly 
say, that the Church never was in more danger, by Enemies 



Ip 



138 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

from without, and false Brethren, pretended Friends amongst us, 
and never had so few in public station to appear in her defence. 

" I have only to add in obedience to your Excellency's com- 
mands, the methods in which, your Excellency may be most 
serviceable to the Church ; your long acquaintance with the 
interests of the Church in these parts of the world, during your 
Excellency's Administration of the Government, of the Prov- 
inces of Maryland, Virginia, &c., as it makes you a very good 
judge of all propositions, made for that end, so it might have 
been a very good reason for me to avoid any such attempt, lest I 
should too much expose my own weakness ; but since your Excel- 
lency is pleased to declare that you expect this service from me, 
I hope my obedience will apologize for my faults. I cannot but 
think the sending over a Bishop amongst us, to be of absolute 
necessity, and without which, all other attempts and methods to 
render the Church flourishing in these parts Avill be fruitless. 
Without government, no society or number of men can long be 
cemented, much less flourish and increase; without the censures 
of the Church are duly and impartially administered how shall 
either virtue be encouraged, or vice in all its forms detected and 
punished ? The authors or perpetrators of some crimes may be 
too great for the Civil government to take hold of in these parts 
of the world, that might soon be corrected by the Ecclesiastical 
Governor ; we need such an Ecclesiastical Governor that dare 
reprove and censure any that infringe the just Laws and Consti- 
tution of the Church ; let us have such a Bishop as St. Ambrose, 
and we shall soon have such Governors as Theodosius. 

" I would also humbly propose that no persons be admitted 
into the Legislature or Executive Power of Government, but 
such as are in the Communion of the Church, if it be practica- 
ble ; if in some places, this is not practicable, let them be such 
at least as are under the sacred tie and obligation of an oath ; 
and, that our youth may not be tainted with erroneous principles, 
in their tender years, that no schools be permitted for the Educa- 
tion of youth, but such as are Licensed by the Governor's 
Instructions, that none be licensed but such as have a Certifi- 
cate of their Sufficiency, Ability, and Sobriety, from the Minister 
and Church-Wardens of the place, where they last resided, or if 



IN BURLINGTOX. 139 

no Minister thereof, four of the soberest and most substantial 
Inhabitants. That all endeavours be used for a legal, regular, 
and honorable support of an Orthodox Clergy. 

" That no Laws be passed by the Governor and Council, that 
in any way intrench on the rights and liberties of the Church ; or 
if any such by inadvertency should be passed, that they be of no 
force, until they have received Her Majesty's Royal approbation ; 
that the Laws that enjoin all persons to frequent some public 
place of Worship every Lord's day, and all Laws for suppressing 
of Immorality and profaneness be duly and impartially executed. 

" That all the Clergy be encouraged to put all the Ecclesiastic 
Laws and Canons that relate to scandalous oflPenders, into execu- 
tion, without any respect of persons whatsoever. 

"All which are humbly submitted to your Excellency's judg- 
ment by him who is, 

" Your Excellency's most affectionate and very humble servant, 

"J. Bass." 

THE REV. ROBERT WALKER. 

On the 7th of April, 1715, the Secretary answered the letter 
of Mr. Talbot, dated October 28th, 1714, and sent the answer 
by " the Rev. Mr. Robert AValker," who " was dispatched to 
Burlington, for the care of that place in Mr. Talbot's sickness, 
and as his successor in case of his removal, with the provisional 
charge of New Bristol and Hopewell." 

"JACOBITES IN THE JERSEYS." 

Gov. Hunter to Secretary Popple. Extract. 

" New York April 9, 1715. 
*' To Wm. Popple, Esq. : 

* * "I have been obliged to turn out that vile fellow 
Griffith, the Attorney General of the Jerseys, who has been all 
along an impudent tool of Lord Clarendon's and that noisy fool 
Cox has betrayed the publick service so avowedly, that I verily 
believed he had orders from home to do so, Mr. Talbot has in- 
corporated the Jacobites in the Jerseys under the Name of a 
Church, in order to sanctifye his Sedition and Insolence to the 
Government. That stale pretence is now pretty much discussed, 



140 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

and I am easy and shall make them so in spite of themselves. 
Cox Griffith and Bass are his main props, if the Society take 
not more care for the fnture, than has been taken hitherto, in the 
choice of their Missionaries, instead of establishing Religion, 
they'll destroy all Government and good manners." "' * 
— Colonial History of Neio York, Vol, F, p. 400. 

THE CHAEGE SENT TO MR. TALBOT. 

Ihe Secretary to Mr. Talbot. 

"August 23d, 1715. 
"Reverend Sir: 

" I wrote to you on the 7th of April, in answer to yours of 
the 28th of October last, which will come by the Rev. Mr. 
Walker, but because possibly this may come to your hands 
before his arrival, I have enclosed a copy thereof. I am ordered 
to acquaint you that at a meeting of the Society, the first of July 
last, the Right Reverend, the Lord Bishop of London, laid 
before them an Extract of a Letter, communicated to him by 
the Lord Commissioners of Trade and Plantations, which was 
sent to them from Brigadier Hunter, Governor of New York, 
containing a complaint against you, with respect to your beha- 
viour in those parts. The Society considered the same, and 
thereupon ordered a Copy of the said Extract, should be sent 
you, that you may have an opportunity of giving your answer 
to that charge, a Copy of which Extract is likewise here in- 
closed. I have nothing more in charge to communicate to you 
at present. 

" I am, &c., 

"W. Taylor." 

THE CHURCHMEN AT BURLINGTON NOT JACOBITES. 

Mr. Bass to the Secretary. Postscript. 

"Burlingto" Ocf 6"M715. 
" R^ Rev^ & R^ HoN^^^- * * * 

" P. S. — I had concluded my letter when in that very instant, 
I rec"^ a copy of a clause of a letter from Brigadier Hunter dated 
9"^ April 1715, in which are these words, ' M"" Talbot hath incor- 



IX BURLINGTON. 141 

porated the Jacobites in the Jerseys under the name of a Church 
in order to Sanctify his Sedition & Insolence to the Government.' 

" I was extremely amazed, at the reading of it, being well 
assured it is entirely false. Your Society may have a history of 
our incorporation & all our proceedings from one of your 
worth V members Coll Nicholson, & I dare call God to witness 
that as far as I knew the Jerseys or the Church there the matter 
of fact is entirely false : it is true the Minister Church Wardens 
& Vestry of the Church at Burlington are incorporated, but it 
is as true we are no Jacobites for my part I cannot see any 
ground for so base a scandall unless it be our early & constant 
zeal for the Church against the prevailing heresy of Quakerism 
as mav be seen in our addresses home. I am sure we as soon 
as we knew of his Maj"''^ accession to the Crown, Addressed his 
Maj"^ & Congratulated his Arriv^al & in our families & churches 
do daily pray for his prosperity, God grant that he had none 
worse inclined amongst his most intimate friends, one of w'^'' to 
my knowledge has refused the Oath's when tendered, but the 
scandall shall not pass without a publick & Satisfactory answer 
& Vindication. 

" Excuse this & believe me to be, R' Rev"^ & R' Hon"'*^ 
" Your most humble Servant 

"J.Bass." 

mr. talbot a williamite feom the begixxing. 

3Ir. Talbot to the Lord Bishop of London. 

"Burlington, Oct. 21, 1715. 
"My Loed : 

" We had the honor of your Lordship's letters on Saturday 
last which were delivered according to order to the Governor 
and Mr. Phillips. They both promised obedience but neither 
intended to perform. I waited on the Governor on Sunday 
morning with Mr. Trentf the chief man in the Church. So we 

fWilliam Trent, a native of Inverness, Scotland, who purchased a plantation 
of 800 acres, lying on both sides of the Assanpink, N. J., whitlier he removed : 
a town was laid out on his estate, which, in liis honor, was called Ti'ent's 
Town — now the capital of New Jersey. Field's Provincial Courts of New 
Jersey, pp. 105-6. 



142 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

\yent to the Church warden and I demanded the Church in your 
Lordship's name and I would see who hinders me. He said 
he would not. When the Governor and he came together they 
agreed that Philips should not preach so I went to church 
peaceably and quietly and brought the people back again to the 
great joy of that city. But the Governor went away to the 
Sweedish Church which he understands as much as I do Arabic' 
I have written to the rest of the Brethren and given them a 
copy of your Lordship's order to serve till Dr. Evans comes. 
Mr. Jenney has been gone to New York 2 or 3 months ago. I 
am very glad to hear that Brother Vesey is arrived safe at 
Boston with the King's letter for his Salary. For the Gover- 
nor had put in such a mayor as said he should never have it. 

He told me so himself. God help us for Govern m't here 

especially your outlying members, I don't know one of them 
good. I am sorry I should be accused of sedition in my old 
age after I have travelled more than any body to keep the peace 
in church and state. My Lord, please to ask Mr. Secretary 
Hall and he will tell you that I was a \yilliamite from the 
beginning. Let them consult the admiralty office and they will 
find I took all the oaths that were necessary to qualify me for 
the service which I have performed faithfully abroad and at 
home. As soon as I have time I will call the Church together 
to answer for themselves and me too to the illustrious Society 
for propagating the Gospel, &c. Meanwhile the Lord rebuke 
that evil spirit of lying and slander that is gone out against the 
Church. Here and there they spare none. I suffer like my 
Lord and Master between two at Philadelphia and New York, 
but God has been mv succour and I doubt not but he will still 
deliver me from the snare of the Hunter. The people of Phila- 
delphia said if your Lordsp's letters had been directed to the 
Governor they had been stifled but I hope I shall be always 
zealous to approve myself. 

" My Lord, Your Lordship's, &c., 

"John Talbot." 
" P. S. — Mr. Philips gives out that he will come home & 
clear himself. I wish he could, but I believe he designs for 
the West Indies where the worst priest the best Clerk." 



IX BURLINGTON. 143; 

A CALUMNIOUS AND GROUNDLESS SCANDAL. 

The Church- Wardens, ci-c, of Burlington to the Honourable 

Society. 

'^ Biu-lingtoii, 28th, 1715. 
" Right Reverend and Right Honorable : 

" We cannot but adore that Divine Providence that has raised 
up so illustrious a Society, to be the propagators and defenders 
of the best of Churches, in these dark corners of the world,, 
where the members are so frequently exposed to the malice and 
rage of those who are declared enemies, both to her doctrine and 
discipline. We acknowledge with the highest degree of gratitude, 
the sensible effects of your favour and protection, which we have 
already received, and hope we shall, by the grace of God, be 
enabled so to carry ourselves, in this troublesome age, that no 
calumnies of our enemies, may anyways lessen your opinion of 
us; we have had the happiness, at your expense, of being 
educated under the care of a truly Pious and Apostolic Person, 
the Reverend Mr. Talbot, the fervour and excellencies of whose 
discourses, and the piety of whose life are the best recommenda- 
tions of the religion he professes, in now better than this 12. 
years, that he hath had not only the care of us, but on all 
emergent occasions, that of all the neighbouring Churches, hath 
lain on him, and in all that time, we are bound to assert, that 
Ave never heard either in his public discourses or private conver- 
sation, anything that might tend towards encouraging sedition, 
or anyways insolencing the government ; it was therefore with 
the greatest surprise imaginable, that we read the following 
clause of a letter from Brigadier Hunter to the Board of Trade 
and Plantation, dated the 9th of April, 1715, by the Right 
Reverend, the Bishop of London, communicated to your Rev- 
erend and Honourable Society, in these words, ' Mr. Talbot has 
incorporated the Jacobites in the Jerseys, under the name of 
a Church, in order to sanctify his sedition and insolence to the 
government; if the Society take not more care for the future, 
than has been taken hitherto, in the choice of their Missionaries, 
instead of Establishing religion, they will destroy all govern- 



144 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

ment and good manners.' What could induce this gentleman to 
endeavour to fix so barbarous, so calumnious, so very false, and 
groundless a scandal, is to us altogether unaccountable, to which 
we think the shortest answer that can be given, is that of ISTehe- 
miah to Sanballat, 'there are no such things done as thousayest, 
but thou feignest them out of thine own heart.' 

" The Church at Burlinsrton, Rio;ht Reverend and Rio-ht 
Honourable, is the only Church that we know of, incorporated 
in the Jerseys, which was begun, by that steady protector of 
our Churches here, the Earl of Clarendon, when he was her late 
Majesty's Governor of this province, and finished under the 
administration of Colonel Richard Ingoldsby, and we are there- 
fore, more particularly concerned, to answer to this charge. Our 
^Minister, the Reverend Mr. Talbot, having undertaken his\)wn 
defence against what the Governor hath charged him with, we 
shall say no more, than what we have said, on this account." 

MR. TALBOT's answer TO THE SOCIETY. 

3Ir. Talbot to the Secretary. 

"Burlington, November 1st, 1715. 
"Sir: 

" First I am bouud to render thanks to the Right Rev. and 
Right Honourable Society, for sending honest Mr. Walker, to 
my assistance ; I hope he will answer the good character given 
of him on all hands ; I have offered him my house at Burling- 
ton, and all my interest is at his service. 

"Next, I Sim obliged to the Society, for giving me leave to 
answer for myself, touching the reflections cast upon me by 
Brigadier Hunter. To be an accuser is bad, to be a false 
accuser is worse, but a false accuser of the brethren is literlilly a 
Devil ; I make no difference, for I call God to witness, I know 
no soul, in the Church of Burlington, nor in any other Church 
I have planted, but is well affected to the Protestant Church of 
England and present Government in the house of Hanover ; 
therefore he that accused us all for Jacobites, has the greater siu. 
I can compare it to nothing more or less, than Doeg, the Edo- 
juite, who stabbed the Priests' characters, and then cut all their 



IN BURLINGTON. I45 

throats ; or Haman, the Agagite, who slandered all the Jews as 
Jacobites who did not observe the King's Laws ; so they were 
appointed as sheep to the slaughter ; but God delivered them, and 
so, I hope he will do us, from the hand of the Enemy. The 
Honourable Colonel Bass, our Chief-Church-Warden, as diligent 
and faithful a servant of the Church and Crown as any, has 
been belied out of his Secretary's Office, and fined, and confined 
in the Common Gaol, f for nothing but defending the Royal Law 
of King George, against an idol of the heathenish Quakers. 
Mr. Alexander Griffiths died heart-broken, being falsely accused 
and abused as a disaffected person to the Government ; he died 
at Amboy ; poor Mr. Ellis, the school-master, is very much dis- 
couraged in his business by a Quaker school-master being set up, 
in opposition to his license ; he has made his complaints oft, not 
without cause, but without effect ; he is a very sober, honest 
young gentleman, and deserves better encouragement. I wisli 
the Society would take some better care of Burlington House ; 
as for Governour Hunter, he does not come here once in three 
years, and as soon as he gets his money, spends it all at Ne^■,- 
York ; so that we have only the burden, not the benefit, of 
Government; therefore we have the greater need of a Chorepis- 
copus, a Rural Bishop or Suff'ragan, to impart some spiritual 
Gift, without which, there never was, or can be any being, or 
well-being of a Church. This is the burden of all our lamen- 
tations, and so it will be, till it is answered ; the sooner the 
better. Cum bono deo. So desiring prayers of the sacred Society, 
I remain, 

" Your humble servant, 

" JoHx Talbot." 



T Jeremiah Eass was Clerk of the Council, Secretary of the Province and 
Prothono ary of the Supreme Court. Among others who were nroslcuted e 
book "of 't? ^""^ fr'V^'' rulesof the Cou^rt, and taking libirtie.s w th't e 



K 



146 HISTORY OF THE CnURCH 

" THESE TWENTY YEARS, CALLING TILL OUR HEARTS ACHE." 

il/r. Talbot to the Secretary. 

"Burlington, 1716. 
"Sir: 

"I have not had the favour of a letter, though I have sent 
several since Mr. Walker arrived. I have put him into the 
Church at Burlington, and into a house, which out of my pov- 
erty, I have prepared for the service of the Church, for ever, 
and for the use of the missionaries, for the time being, from the 
Honourable Society, if I die in the service, and be not forced to 
sell it again for pure necessaries. 

" I hear that one of my bills was ordered to lie by for a half 
year. I wish I had known the reason of it, that I might have 
answered by, the bearer, the Honourable Colonel Coxe, who 
comes home with another gentleman of the Vestry of the 
Church at Burlington, to clear that Church from the slanders 
that Colonel Hunter has raised against us, only because we 
were Christians,-and could not serv^e God and Mammon, Christ 
and Belial, &c. 

" I don't know any thing that I have done, contrary to my 
duty, either in Church or State; but if it be resolved that no 
Englishman shall be in Mission or Commission, apud Ameri' 
canos, I don't know what we have done, that we should all 
give place to Scotch-Irish ; but I am content to suffer -with 
Good Company, /erre qvbam sortem 'pat'mntur omnes, nemo recuset- 
I suffer all things for the elect's sake, the poor church of God, 
here, in the Wilderness. There is none to guide her, among all 
the sons that she has brought forth, nor is there any that takes 
her by the hand of all the sons that she has brought up. When 
the Apostles heard that Samaria had received the word of God, 
immediately they sent out two of the chief, Peter and John, to 
lay their hands on them, and pray that they might receive the 
Holy Ghost ; they did not stay for a secular design of salary ; 
and when the Apostles heard that the word of God was preached 
at Antioch, presently they sent out Paul and Barnabas, that 
they should go as far as Antioch, to confirm the Disciples, and 
so the Churches were established iii the faith, and increased in 



IN BURLINGTON. 147 

number daily ; and when Paul did but dream that a man of 
Macedonia called him, he set sail all so fast, and went over him- 
self to help them ; but we have been here these twenty years, 
calling till our hearts ache, and ye own 'tis the call and the 
cause of God, and yet ye have not heard, or have not answered, 
and it is all one. 

" I must say this, if the Society don't do more in a short time, 
than they have, in a long, they will, I fear, lose their honour 
and character too ; I don't pretend to prophesy, but you know 
how they said the kingdom of God shall be taken from them, 
and given to a nation that will bring forth the fruits of it. God 
give us all the grace to do the things that belong to our peace, 
so God bless you all. 

" And yours, 

" John Talbot." 
" You may imagine what you please of the Irish missionaries, 
but I am sure we have lost Mr. Brook and Thoroughgood 
Moore, two English-men, that were worth all the Teagues that 
ever came over." 



"quid AGITUR IX AMERICA." 

Mr. Ellis to the Secretary. 

"Burlington July 9"^ 1716. 
" Sir : 

" The worthy bearer hereof Dan" Coxe Esq-" one of the best 
members & benefactors to St. Mary's Church at Burlington 
(who in compassion to a poor distressed & almost ruin'd prov- 
ince, hazards his life & fortune, to serve and seek I hope from 
a Merciful Prince & a Gracious King, some speedy reliefof the 
deplorable circumstances & unparalleld Calamities of his Maj""^' 
Collony of west Jersey, now under the heavy lash & tyranical 
administration of Coll Robert Hunter & amongst other enormi- 
ties,) will shew & acquaint you w"^ a perfect account of the daylv 
discouragements I meet w'^ in relation to my School, as also of 
the many losses & damages that I have & do still sustain by the 
unreasonable allowance given to a Quaker to usurpe over me, 
& take my bread out of my mouth, which is intolerable, when 



148 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

at the same time, one can hardly subsist in, & by the whole 
town, these things are enough to discourage any man, neverthe- 
less I still hope for the better, & don't doubt but that the hon*"'® 
Society upon whose endeavours I beseech God to pour down the 
abundance of his spirit & wisdom, & grant me patience to bear 
these hardships with resignation «& a fervent zeal towards Gods 
most holy Religion, will upon this hon"** Gentlemans applica- 
tion weigh my circumstances, and consider my abuses, & I 
humbly desire the favour of you, to be as serviceable to him as 
you can, be pleased to acquaint the hon^^® Society that my School 
is indiferent, to thrive fast is not to be expected ; as long as 
Quakerism is countenanced & prefered by men in high places 
before Christianity, & if there be not a speedy remedy of this, 
the propagation of the Gospel will be but of little effect when 
Xtian institution is wholely rejected & Quakerism set on foot, 
by which means the fundamental rules of Gods revealed religion 
& Gospel precepts tho never so early imbib'd & carefully 
instilled will by the depravity of nature & corruption of Youth 
with such tenets & the dictates of Stupidity & ignorance soon 
perish and decay, I could say more. Si memorem mora est, but 
this shall suffice for the present, that your R' Rev*^ & R*^ hou''" 
Society may understand quid agitur in America non consulitur 
de religione but of faction etc w*"^' are very unhappy for this 
Country being so young & newly settled, & consequently very 
pernitious to Piety & Learning. 

" To say no more its bad enough, God in his owne due time 
send us relief, be pleased to recommend my duty to the hon'''- 
Society and accept of the hearty love ct sincere regard of, Sir 
"Your obliged Servant, 

" Rowland Ellis." 

jeremiah bass, a representative. 

In 1716, Mr. Bass, w\as a member, for the county of Cape 
May, of the "House of Representatives of His Majestys Province 
of New- Jersey." 

On the 30th of November, he was one of a committee to pre- 
pare an " Address " to the Governor ; and on the same day, by 



IX BUELINGTON. • 149 

order of the House, he drew up " a Bill for preventing Money 
from passing at Nine Shillings and 2"^ per Ounce." 

On the 4th of December, he was one of the committee, to 
whom a Bill was referred, with reference to the " Conveniency 
of the Eastern Division of the Province relating to records where 
Titles of Land are concerned." 

On the 5th, he was Chairman of the committee " to wait upon 
the Governor to know His Excellencys pleasure with reference 
to the Address of the House." 

On the 14th, he " made a Motion, That a Bill be brought in 
to lay an Excise on all strong Liquors Retailed in this Prov- 
ince " — and was made Chairman of the committee to bring in 
such a Bill. 

On the 18th, he was on a committee "to joyn a Committee of 
Council to meet from Day to Day till they have gone through" 
the Accounts of the Treasurer ; and, on the same day, he brought 
in " a Bill, entituled, An Act for laying an Excise on all Strong 
Liquors Retailed in this Colony." 

On the 20th, it was "ordered, that M'' Bass bring in a Bill 
for Repealing the Tenth Clause of an Act, entituled. An Act for 
shortening Law Suits, and Regulating the Practice of the Law, 
and for obliging Plaintiffs that are Xon-Residents, to give better 
security for paying Costs of Suit." 

On the 22d, his " Bill, on Excise on Strong Liquors," was 
read the third time, and passed ; and he was appointed to carry 
it to the Council for their Concurrence. 

On the 8th of January, he was Chairman of a committee, to 
prepare " a Bill for the Support of his Majestys Government of 
New Jersey." And on the loth of the same month, he made a 
speech, which was incorporated, in full, in the " Jouexal of the 
Azotes of the House," as follows : 

THE SPEECH OF Mil. BASS. 

" JI'' Speaher, 

" We have yesterday been upon a very great Work, the en- 
quiring into the Debts of the Province, and stating the Treas- 
urers Accounts, in which I think, and so doth the Majority of 
the House, (as far as Ave have gone) we have done that Officer 



150 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

Justice, and tho' some of the Members have differed in their 
Opinion, yet I doubt not but that Gentleman (and I'm very 
sure it is easy for him to do it) will before the Conclusion of 
this Session, place those disputed Articles in so clear a light, by 
producing the proper Vouchers, that the most scrupulous- 
amongst us may acquiesce in the Report of the Committee of 
the whole House. 

" These Accounts, Mr. Speaker, have opened to us a new scene 
of Affairs ; we see how much the Province is indebted for 
Arrearages of Taxes, and that if those arrearages had been duly 
paid, the Bills of Credit already issued for the emergent occa- 
sions of the Province would have been sunk, and some Money 
left in the Treasury to have been ap})lyed to such uses as tliis 
Assembly should think expedient. But it is our Misfortune, 
that the case is otherwise, we are much indebted. Seventeen Hun- 
dred and odd Pounds in Bills of Credit are yet standing out, 
and the Treasury is quite empty, shall we, M'" Speaker, venture 
to enquire into this Evil, and propose some means for the 
Removal of it? It is certain this is not lessened but increased 
by the deadness of Trade, the Poverty of the Province, the 
Cheapness of all Commodities that this Country produceth. 
But those things that seem more particularly to have plunged 
us into this Misfortune were two very Expensive and Fruitless- 
Expeditions to Canada, and our entestine Discords and Divi- 
sions, which have much obstructed the payment of the publick 
Taxes. The negligence of the Officers in doing their Duties,, 
and the Scarcity of Moneys. 

"For the^?'s^, God be Thanked, we are not very likely to be 
exposed to any more Expences of that ; That Peace and Serenity 
that the Land of our Nativity enjoys under the auspicious Reign 
of his present Majesty, and the influence his Majesty has on the 
Affairs of Europe, &c. will prevent our sometimes Troublesome 
Neighbours the French or the Indians under their direction, 
from giving us any Disturbance there. 

" As to the second, I could be glad to say,. I could see an end 
of them, but hence J(kr Lacrymce here is the Source and Rise of 
all our Misfortunes, our Divisions, Heats, Discords and Ani- 
mosities centre. We are using, one another as the Heathens did 



IX BURLINGTOX. 151 

the Primitive Christians, dressing each other up in the Skins of 
Wolves and Bears, and then beating them as sach. 

"Would to God, Mr. Speaker, we could each of us learn to 
look upon another to be better than himself; to let that Charitv> 
which is the Golden Band that cements Heaven and Earth 
together, (and without which the most splendid Gifts, natural or 
Acquired Endowments, are but as the sounding Brass or Tink- 
ling Cimbal) govern both our Lives and Actions. 

" Mr. Speaker, It is the great Fault of those Gentlemen that 
in this Province have distinguished themselves to be of a Party, 
that they are generally more willing to believe others to be in 
the wrong than in the Right, and unwilling to have our Preju- 
dices removed. I have observed in Persons that have been of 
two opposing Parties, to have had something on each side excel- 
lently good, and something exorbitantly evil, although perhaps 
in unequal degrees, both mutually set, after an immoveable 
manner, before their Eyes, their own good, and the Evil of the 
other Party. And thus they blind their Minds to all sence or 
belief of good in any that oppose them ; Till this is spent, is 
abated, nay, rooted out of our hearts, there can be no expecta- 
tion of a Blessing to attend our Endeavours. 

" We Complain, 3Ir. Speaker, of bad Crops, Blasts, Milldews, 
and sometimes of Epidemical Distempers Raging amongst us. 
It is no wonder if our common Parent sends these Scourges, 
that by these Means he might teach us to love one another. Let 
us then take that advice which his Excellency once gave the 
Representative Body of this Province ; Let us leave Disputes, d-c. 
to the Laics, and Lnjuries to the Avenger of them: Jjct each one 
iveed the Rancour of. his own heart, &c. Let each of us look upon 
Parties and Divisions as a common Enemy, a common Evil? 
and use our utmost Endeavours to quench that fire that hath 
hitherto so Raged in this Province, that it hath more or less 
affected all Persons, all Relations, our Bodies, our Reputations, 
and our Estates. Let us unite in Love, and then how inex- 
pressibly beautiful would such a Union be ! How would it 
strengthen our Interests, advance our Estates, restore our de- 
cayed Credit ; and make us a truly happy Province." * * 
— Votes and Slate Papers, Vol. L. pp. 17, 18. 



152 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

" DISAFFECTIOX TO THE GOVEEXMEXT." 

The Secretary to 3Ir. Talbot. 

" August 2'i 1717. 
" Rev° Sir, 

" The Society have rec'ed a letter from Coll Gookiug, Lieu' 
Gov'' of Pennsylvania, wherein he charges you with disaffection 
to the Governm' and refusing the Oaths of Allegiance to His 
jNIajesty King George, that you may be able to form an exact 
Judgm' of the Charge I have given you the Governor's very 
words in his Letter inclosed. The Society expect you should 
forthwith give your answer thereto, and if you have not already 
taken the Oaths to his majesty King George that you do without 
delay, by the first convenience transmit to the Society an authen- 
tic Certificate of your having so done." * * 

— Colonial History of New York, Vol. V. 

THE STATE OF THE SCHOOL. 

3Ir. Ellis to the Secretary. Extract. 

"Burlington Aug' 29 1717. 
" Honored Sir 

"In regard to your command and pursuant to the Hon- 
orable Society's Directions I have herein sent to their perusal 
the state of my school at present; the children of Christian 



Parents are in number 

Quakers N°. 

in all 



25 
10 

35 



LETTERS INTERCEPTED. 

Rev^ M'' Robert Walker to the Secretary. Extract. 

" Burlington Sept" 10"^ 1717. 
" Worthy Sir, 

" I am glad to find the Society is sensible our Letters are in- 
tercepted in answer to both of yours you honored me with one 
in June and the other in July 1716, I assure you there is no 
caution I can think of to prevent miscarriage, or being stopt, the 
Postmaster of Burlington who died -about 4 months ago stopt 



IN BURLINGTON. 153 

four which I never could get from him, two of which was seen 
by several of our Townspeople, & the Post himself declared he 
delivered them into the post-masters Hands ; and whilst he was 
insisting for payments for the other two which I declared to 
Him I never received he swore to the charge of them by his 
book and by this blunder of his I discovered his Justice who 
was no less a man than one of his Majestys Council to Governor 
Hunter : and his Excellency is so jealous of his own mismanage- 
ment, that it is more than probable he has his Agents at the 
Ports about to catch up our Letters." * * 

^^ LANDS BELONGING TO THE BISHOP's HOUSE." 

3Ir. Talbot to the Secretary. Extract. 

^'Burlington, September 17th, 1717. 
'' Sir : 

"I received an Order from the Society, to look after some 
Lands belonging to the House at Burlington, together with Mr. 
Vesey, but he is not yet come this way, so I shall say nothing 
to that point at present, because it is but an acre or two, and 
that is safe enough. 

" The Quakers would have got that, as they have all the rest 
of the meadow Lands belonging to the Bishop's House, and 
divided them amongst themselves." * * 

SUPPLYING CHRIST CHURCH, PHILADELPHIA. 

April 3d, 1718, Sir William Keith, Governor of Pennsyl- 
vania, chairman of the vestry of Christ Church, Philadelphia, 
"acquainted the vestry that the Rev. Mr. Talbot, of Burlington, 
Mr. Humphreys, of Chester, Mr. Ross, of New Castle, and Mr. 
Sandell, of Wickacoa, had been invited by him, and most of 
them were now in town, in order to wait on this vestry and 
receive their proposals for supplying the vacancy of this Church, 
until the Bishop of London's pleasure wasjcnown. 

" The vestry thereupon recommended it to the Governor to 
concert with the above-named clergymen how they might supply 
this vacancy with conveuiency to themselves, and the least pre- 
judice to their respective cures. 



154 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

" An arrangement was made with these gentlemen for supply- 
ing the Church for several months, and a liberal compensation 
was voted them by the vestry ; but they declined 'receiving any 
pecuniary reward' for their services." DoiVs Histori/ of Christ 
Chu7^ch, Philadelphia, pp. 44-5. 

" CANNOT DESERT THE POOR FLOCK." 

Mr. Talbot to the Secretary. 

"Burlington, May 3d, 1718. 
" Sir : 

" I used to write to you now and then, though I seldom have 
the favour of an answer, or not to the point. All your mission- 
aries hereabouts, are going to Maryland, for the sake of them- 
selves, their wives and children ; for my part, I cannot desert 
the poor flock, that I have gathered, nor will I, if I have neither 
Money, Credit, nor Tobacco. But if I had known as much as 
I do now, that the Society were not able, for their parts, to send 
Bishop, Priest, nor Deacon, no Lecturer nor catechist, no hinter, 
nor holder-forth, I would never have put the good People in 
these parts to the charge and trouble of building Churches ; 
(nay, now they must be stalls, or stables for Quakers horses, 
when they come to market or meeting) as I said before, but some 
people will not believe till 'tis too late. Dr. Evans himself is 
gone to Maryland, for he says nobody will serve the Church for 
nought, as I do ; for my part, I cannot blame the People in 
these parts, for they do what they are able, and no body can de- 
sire more, rich or poor, for those that do them any good. My 
Duty to the Honourable Society. 

" I am your most humble servant, 

" John Talbot." 



" THE HUMBLE PETITION OF MANY OF THE FAITHFUL IN 

NORTH AMERICA." 

June 2d, 1718. "A representation to the Archbishops and 
Bishops of the Church of England was presented to the Vestry 
of Christ Church, Philadelphia, by the Rev. Dr. Evans, and the 
Rev. Mr. John Talbot," of Burlington, N. J., which was read, 
and it was thereupon "ordered that the Churchwardens sign the 



IN BUELIXGTON. I55. 

said address in the name and by order of the vestry." The 
address is as follows : 

" To the Most Eeverend Fathers in God, the Archbishops, 
and the Right Reverend the Bishops of the Church of England : 
The Representation and humble Petition of many of the faith- 
ful in the communion of the Church of England in North 
America, most humbly showeth : 

"That whereas the British Collonies and Settlements in 
America, have now for many years been blessed with the pure 
and primitive doctrine and worship of our Mother the Church 
of England of which you are happy at this day in being great 
ornaments and prime rulers 

"And whereas for want of Episcopacy's being established 
amongst us, and that there has never been any Bishop sent to 
visit us, our churches remain unconsecrated, our children are 
grown up and cannot be confirmed, their sureties are under 
solemn obligations, but cannot be absolved & our Clergy some- 
times under Doubts and cannot be resolved 

"But whereas more especially for the want of that sacred 
power which is inherent to your apostolate the Vacancies which 
daily happen in our Ministry cannot be supplied, for a con- 
siderable time from England, whereby many congregations are 
not only become desolate, and the light of the Gospel therein 
extinguished but great encouragement is hereby given to secta- 
ries of all sorts which abound and increase amongst us and some 
of. them pretending to what they call the power of ordination 
the Country is filled with fanatick teachers, debauching the 
good inclinations of ruany poor souls who are left destitute of 
any instruction or ministry. May it therefore please your 
Lordships in your great pity and regard for the government of 
the Church by Bishops, to think of some means whereby these 
our sorrowful complaints & most grievous misfortunes may be 
heard and redressed, and that Almighty God may of his infinite 
mercy, inspire your thoughts and assist your pious endeavors to 
accomplish this evidently necessary Avork is the most earnest 
and daily prayer of may it please your Lordships 

" Your Lordships most humble petitioners & most obedient 
sons and servants. 



156 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

" In the name and by the order of the Vestry of Christ 
Churcli at Philadelphia the second of June 1718. 
" James Tutthill \ Church Jr. Bass Atty. Gen. 

" Charles Read j Wardens of the Jerseys^' 

" and six others. 

" In the name & by the order of the Yestrv of St Mary's 
Church at Burlington the ninth of June 1718. 
" Jno Talbot, Rector 

" Jno Wheeler \ Church 

" Abr. Hewlings j Wardens 

" and many others from all parts of America." 

"the school ixdifferext well." 
3Ir. Ellis to the Secretary. Extract. 

" Burlington in New Jersey 
Julv 10th 1718 



a 



Sir 



" My School is indifferent well having of Christian Parents 
Children 20, of Quakers 12, of others 5. I know not what to 
term them besides sectaries having no knowledge, and yet 
obstinate ; * * 

further informatiox from the parish register, the 
first church libraries. 

Up to the year 1719, the pages of the Parish Register are 
filled, almost exclusively, with the entries of baptisms. Xo 
burials are recorded ; and only three marriages, one of which is 
that of "Rowland Ellis and Sarah Allison, April 17, 1715." 

On the first fly-leaf, however, we find the little item, " Lent 
to J. H. 1 piece of 8. 4 bits & 1 Eng. shill." 

And, on the last four leaves, we have a list of books, which 
Michael Piper,t — the writing is not Mr. Talbot's — assisted Mr. 
Talbot in revising, on the first day of the new year, O. S. 



t At a Vestry meeting of Christ Church, Philadelphia, held Jane 23d, 1718, 
it was "Resolved, That if it should happen that the clergymen who are to serve 
the Church during this vacancy be sick, or should not come, that Mr. Piper, 
the school master, read the prayers in the Church." Dorr's Hidory, p. 47. 



IN BUKLINGTON, 



15.7 



A CATALOGUE OF BOOKS BELOXGIXG TO BUKLIXGTON LIBRARY REVISED- 

BY MR. JOHN TALBOT INCUMBENT & iJIICII : PIPER YE 

25th DAY OF MARCH 1719. 



fol: 



1 J). Johanne Avenario Egrano 

Lexicon Hebraitom. 

2 Scapulae Lexicon. 

3 Eusebii Ecclesiast Histor. 

4 Gregorii Sayr Casus Conscient. 

5 Kewman's Concordance. 
G Scti Cypriani Opera. 



7 Petri Ravanelli Bibliotbeca. 

8 Father Paul's Hislorv of Coun- 

cil of Trent. 

9 Pierceson on the Creed. 

10 Dr. Bray's Lectures. 

11 Cowleii Opera. 

12 Hooker's Ecclesiast Politv., 



8 
9 
10 
11 
12 
1-3 
14 
15 

16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 



quarto. 

Eiveli Controversiae. j 23 

Patrick upon Genesis. 24 

Pindari Tragaed — 2 vol. i 25 

Stillingfleet's LTnreasonables of ' 26 

Seperation. 27 

Bythneri Lyra Prophetica. 28 

Skinner's O'pticks. j 29 

Patrick on ve Chronicles, Ezra, 30 

&c. ■ 31 

Bovl's Lectures. ! 32 

Dallei Latinorum Cultus— 2 vol. I 33 
Cainet Dominical. 

Littleton's Dictionary. 34 

Origine Sacra by Stillingfleet. i 35 

Cluverii Geographia. } 

Two Manuscripts. \ 36 

Discipuli Sermones Quadragesi- ! 

males. ' 37 

Lubini Comment in Juvenal. ' 38 

Higgins Sermon. i 39 

Senecae Tragaed. i 40 

Common place Book Manuscr. I 41 

Calvin's Institutions. ; 42 

Quintilian. i 43 

Juvenal cum Notis Variorum. i 



One INIanuscript. 

Stierii Logica. 

Manuscript Greek. 

Young's Sermons — 2 vol. 

Yirgil in Usnm Delphini. 

Gassendi Astronomia. 

Sherrock's Jus Naturae. 

Horatius in Usum Delishini. 

Plinii Epistolae. 

Senecae C'ontroversiar. 

Bp : Hall's Ejaiscopacv bv Divine- 
Eight. 

Seaman's Calendar. 

F : Lewis de Granada Memorial 
of a Xtian Life. 

Bp: Symon's Paraphrase on ye 
Psalms. 

Bcrnhardi Yareni Geograpliia. 

Walker's Particles. 

Bragg's Discourses. 

Eenati Des Cartes Philosopliia. 

Eoheult Physicks. 

Westminster Grammar. 

Moor's Discourses on Several; 
texts. 



quarto, 

44 Senecae Philosopliia. 

45 Plauti Comaedae — 2 vol. 

46 Stapletoni Promptuarium — 2 vol. 

47 Sherlock of Providence. 

48 Matthew Kellison Survey of Re- 

ligion. 

49 Art of Speaking. 

50 Quintiliani Inslitutiones. 

51 ^Mahomet's Alcoran. 

52 Defence of Catholick Faith. 

53 Pererii Comment on Daniel. 

54 (jreorge Where's Method of His- 

tory. 

55 Musae Oxonienses. 

56 Katalis Comes. 

57 Robinson's Key to ve Hebrew 

Bible. 



octavo, &c. 

58 Bercheli Catechismus. 

59 B. Francis de Sales Love of God.. 

60 Buxtorfs' Lexicon. 

61 Ciceronis Apothegmata. 

62 Euclid's Elements. 

63 Fullies Epistles. 

64 Cook's (iuide to Blessedness. 

65 Leusden's Compendium. 

66 Hogg's Poems. 

67 Janua Linguarum. 

68 Norris his Discourses. 

69 Epitome Grammaticae Hebraae- 
Buxtorfi. 

70 Ross's Florilegium. 

71 Patrick's Paraphrase on Job. 
7.2 Sophoclis Tragaed iae. 
73 LLomer's Iliads. 



158 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 



74 
75 

76 

77 
78 
79 
80 

81 

82 
83 

84 
85 
86 
87 
88 
89 
90 
91 
92 

93 
94 

95 

96 

97 

98 

99 

100 

101 

102 

103 

104 

105 

106 

107 

108 

109 

110 
111 
112 
113 
114 
115 
116 
117 
118 
119 
120 
121 
122 
123 
124 
125 



Moor's Dialogue?. 

Guilliandi Collatia in Epistolas 

Pauli. 
Dr. Hammonds' Fundamentals. 
Suiceri Physica. 
Homer's Iliads. 
Irenicum Magnum. 
Fabriani Stradae prolusiones 

Academicae. 
Baxtorfi Epitome Grammat He- 

braeae. 
Scripta publiae proposita. 
Didaci Stellae de modo Concion- 

andi. 
Epitome Erasmi Adagiornm. 
Epictoli Enchiridion. 
Manuscript. 

Pagor's Lexicon — 2 vol. 
Magiri Philosophia. 
Stenneti Hebraea Grammatica. 
Statii Poemata. 
Gradus ad Parnassnm. 
Ovidii Metamorphosis Moriett. 

2 vol. 
Baronii Metaphysica. 
Chamberlain's Present State of 

England. 
Catechism Council of Trent. 
Anthologia. 
Manuscript. 
L'Art de se Connoitre. 
Isocratis Orationes. 
Robinson's Phrases. 
History of Polindo &c. 
Poetae Minores. 
Posselii Colloquia. 
Eckii Homiliae. 
Heckermanni Logica. 
Eustachii Philosophia. 
Vossii Epigrammata. 
Facquets' Arithmetick. 
Sebastian! Dictionarium He- 

braicum. 
Laurentius Valla, 
^sopi Fabulae, Gr. 
Decretalia Romana. 
Pia hilaria. 

G. P. Safeguard from Shipwrack. 
Sanderson's Prelections. 
Hebrew Psalter. 
Fereneo Minett. 
Erasmi Copia Verbor. 
Brig's Opticks. 
Mr. Juc. Fiat Lux. 
Isocratis Orationes Duae. 
Horace. Bond. 
Owen's Concordance. 
Pythagoras his Golden Verses. 
History of Elias Neau. 



126 Ovid de Arte amandi. 

127 Lucian's Dialogues. 

128 Needham's Collections. 

129 .Esop's Fables. 

130 Catechism Gr & Lat. 

131 French new Testament. 

132 Virgil. 

133 Greek Grammar. 

134 Barclaii Argenis. 

135 Farmer's Catechism. 

136 Walker's Logick. 
■137 Cornelius Nepos. 

138 Tullii de Officiis. 

139 Vossii Rhetorica. 

140 Parker's Apology for Des Cartes. 

141 Textor's Epistles. 

142 Oliani historia. 

143 Wendelini Theologia. 

144 Horace, Juvenal & Perseus. 

145 Greek Grammar. 

146 Caroni Apostolatus. 

147 Lucius Florus. 

148 Plutarchus de Educandis Liberis. 

149 The Rehearsal transpos'd. 

150 Burgerdicii Logica. 

151 Barkei Orationes. 

152 Aphthonii Progymnasmata. 

153 Higlen's History. 

154 Radan Orator Extemporarius. 

155 Vigei'ii Idiomata. 

156 Greek Testament. 

157 Cornelius Nepos. 

158 Demosthenis Orationes. 

159 Gerardi Meditationes. 

160 Vindiciae pro Nicolao Smitheo. 

161 The right Way to health & long 

Life. 

162 Pontani Aureum Diurnale. 

163 Thomas a Kempis. 

164 Formulae Oratoriae. 

165 Moriae Encomium. 2 vol. 

166 Busquebius de Moribus Tur- 

carum. 

167 Auli Gellii Noctes Atticae. 

168 Summae Conciliorum. 

169 Agrippae Cornelii de vanitate. 

170 Treleatis Loci Communes. 

171 Hodder's Arithmetick. 

172 Farnabie's Rhetorick. 

173 Martial's Epigrams. 

174 Conciones et Orationes ex His- 

toricis, &c. 

175 Lett concerning Toleration. 

176 Nonnus his Poems. 

177 Erasmi Select. Colloquia. 

178 Barclai Euphormion. 

179 Historia Anabaptistica. 

180 Mori Enchiridion Ethicum. 

181 Introduction a la vie Devote. 



IN BURLINGTON. 



159 



182 Valerius Maximns. 

183 Ambrosius de Officiis. 

184 Corvini Jusisprudentiae. 

185 Sleidan. 

186 A Treatys of tlie blessed Sac- 

rament. 

187 Oweni Epigrammata. 

188 GobianusdeMorum Simplicitate. 

189 Martialis Epigrammata. 



190 Caesaris Commentaria. 

191 Novum Testamentum. 

192 Paraphrasis Psalmorum. 

193 Spirituale Directoire. 

194 Les Sages Entretiens. 

195 Small hebrew Book. 

196 Drexelius Nuntius mortis. 

197 Small french Book. 



A CATALOGUE OF BOOKS BELONGING TO MR. JOHN TALBOT YE 2oTH OF 

MARCH 1719. 



FOLIO. 



1 Erasmus bis Comment on New 

Testament. 

2 Dr. Hammond's Works. 

3 Dr. Taylor's Ductor Dubitan- 

tium. 

4 Eomanum Missale. 

5 Dr. Stillingfleet's Sermons. 

6 Dr. Andrews upon ye ten Com- 

mandments. 



7 Davenant Expositio in Colos- 

sens. 

8 Trap's Exi^osition in Sacr. Script. 

4 vol. 

9 Hall's Comment in 2d Epist. 

Timoth. 
10 Sti. Angustini de Civit. Dei. 



QUARTO, &c. 



1 
o 

3 
4 



5 





10 
11 
12 
13 
14 



Wall's hystory of Infant Baptism. 
Frencli Dictionary. 
Mantuan upon Jude. 
Sherlock's Answer to ye Qua- 
kers Questions. 
Patrick on Genesis. 
Sherlock's Eich'd. Sermons. 2 vol. 

7 Dr. Hix's Collection of Tracts. 

8 The hystory of Man. 

9 Short Discourse of Comon 
Prayer. Dr. Cumber. 

Case of ye Regale & Pontificat. 
Practical Believer. 
Scots Xtian life. 
Turner's Wisdom of God. 
Life of Xt, & ye Apostles by 
Dupin. 

15 Shepherd of Israel. 

16 Reeve's Apologies. 

17 Josephus abridg'd — 2 vol. 

18 Athenian Oracles — 4 vol. 

19 Gregory's Posthumus Works — 2 

vol. 

20 Cumber of Orders. 

21 Carthwright on ye 15 Psalm. 

22 Huetius Demostratio Evangelica. 

2 vol. 
Beveridge's Sermons. 
Delinge's Condones. 
Bennett's Paraphes of Comon 

Prayer. 
26 Wittv against Deism. 



24 
25 



27 OlifF's exposition of Church 

Catech.— 2 vol. 

28 Ware's Method of hystory. 

29 Gregorie's Divine Tracts. 

30 Confutation of Popery by Th : 

Bennet. 

31 Origen against Celsus. 

32 Burnet's Pastoral Care. 

33 Richlieu Treatise of Perfection. 

34 Dumonlin's peace of ye Soul. 

35 Hooker's Abridgment. 

36 Sanderson de Jaramenti Obliga- 

tione. 

37 Greek Testament. 

38 Sandei'soni Physica. 

39 Senecae Tragediae. 

40 Country Parson, herbert. 

41 Baxter against Infidelity. 

42 Smith's Treatise of Sacrament. 

43 Barlo's Remains. 

44 Greek Psalter. 

45 Card. Bonas Guide to heaven. 

46 Leyburn's Mathematicks. 

47 Grescomb on ve Sabbath. 

48 Pascal's Thoughts. 

49 Mon's Spry's falsity of [illegible 

in MS.] baj^tism. 

50 Ignatii Epistolae, &c. 

51 Salust. 

52 Self Examination. 

53 Savenier's Mass book. 

54 Mantuan on James. 

55 Animadversion uyion a paper. 



160 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 



A COLLECTION OF QUAKER S BOOKS XEW & OLD BELONGING TO MR. JOHN 

TALBOT YE 25tH MARCH 1719. 



1 G. ffoxe's Battledore of all Lan- 
guage^:. 

2 Journail — 2 vol. 

o Great Mystery. 

4 Eobt Berclay's Works. 

5 Sam'l. Fisher's Works. 
G Edw'd Burrow's Works. 

7 G. Bishop's Looking-Glass. 

8 Wm Pen's Christ (Quaker. 

9 Quaker's Tracts— 3 vol. 

10 Wm Bayly's AVorks. 

11 George Keith's Narrative. 

12 Wm. Pen's Tracts. 

13 AVm. Pen's Travels. 

14 James Parnel's Works. 

15 Jno. Foldo Quakerism no 

Xtianitv. 



16 Quakers Quiblers — 3 vol. 

17 George Keith's Truth advanc'd. 

18 The Principles of ye Elect People 

of God ye Quakers. 

19 Snake in ye Grass — 3 vol. 

20 Anguis Flagellatus. 

21 Josia Cole's Works. 

22 Francis Bug's Tracts. 
Whitehead's Tracts. 

several. 

24 Pen's Sandy foundation. 

25 Quakers Ti'eatise against Oaths. 

26 Dan'l Philip's A'^indiccae Ven- 

tatis. 



23 George 



AXOTPIER ADDRESS TO THE ARCHBISHOPS AND BISHOPS. 

"In April, 1719, the Rev. Mr. Talbot laid before the vestry 
i)f Christ Church, Philadelphia, another address to the Arch- 
bishops and Bishops of the Church of England, ' setting forth the 
necessity of a Bishop to reside among us in this country, which 
\vas signed by all the members present ;' viz : the Governor, 
both wardens and eight vestrymen, together with the Rev. Mr. 
Talbot, who was also present." Dorr's History of Christ 
Church, Phila., p. 47. 



MR. TALBOT SELLS SOME OF HIS LAND. 

On the 22d of June, 1720, "the Reverend John Talbot 
Minister of the Church of Saint Marys in Burlington," conveyed 
to " Paull Watkinson Clerk of the Sd Church," for " Six pounds 
thirteen Shillings Curent Silver Money," a "Lott of Land 
Eyeing in the Town of Burlington, Beginning at Broad Street & 
Runs Back by the Church yard North thirteen deg. West six- 
teen perches to a Stake then South Seventy Seven Deg. West 
five perches to a Stake then South thirteen deg. East Sixteen 
perches to Broad Street then fronting Broad Street five perches 
to the first Beginning by the Church yard Containing Eighty 
perches or half an Acre." 

The " Indenture " for the above, elaborately engro.ssed on 
vellum, is in the archives of the Parish. It was " Sealed & De- 
livered in The Presents of Rob' Weyman " and " Titan Leeds.'' 



IX BURLINGTON. 161 

The seal, affixed to tlie name of Mr. Talbot, is described, by one 
versed in heraldry,! thns : " On a shield, a fesse between three 
eagles displayed, beaked and membered, — two in the superior, 
and one in the inferior quarter." 

MR. TALBOT AGAIN VISITS ENGLAND. 

At some time soon after this, Mr. Talbot again visited 
England; and in April, 1721, obtained the interest on Arch- 
bishop Tenison's legacy. 

Order for receiving the Interest of the late Archbishop Tenison's 

£1000. 
"Upon the humble petition of John Talbot, Clerk, this day 
preferred to the Right Honourable, the Lord High Chancellor 
of Great Britain, thereby setting forth that Dr. Thomas Teni- 
son, late Archbishop of Canterbury, did by Codicil to his Will, 
bequeath £1000 towards settlement of Bishops in America ; and 
until such lawful appointments of Bishops, did direct that the 
interest should be applied to the benefit of such missionaries, 
being Englishmen of the province of Canterbury, as have taken 
true pains in the respective plans committed by the Society to 
their care in the foreign plantations, and have been by unavoid- 
able accidents, sickness, or other infirmities of the body, or old 
age, disabled from the performance of their duties in the said 
places, and forced to return to England ; and that upon the 
hearing of this Cause, it was among other things ordered that 
the £1000 should be placed out at interest, on such Governmenr 
or other security as Mr. Bennet, by whom the account of the 
Testator's personal Estate was directed to be taken, should ap- 
prove of, and the interest thereof is to be applied according to 
the directions of the Testator's Will, until one month after the 
appointment and consecration of two Bishops, and that the said 
John Talbot, M'ho was formerly Rector of Freethern, in the 
County and Diocese of Gloucester and province of Canterbury, 
hath been in the service of the said Society for the propagation 



t :Mr. Artluir Sands, a Warden of Trinity Church, Trenton, ]S'. J. 

L 



162 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

of the Gospel in foreign parts, as their Missionary in the foreign 
plantations, near IS years, during which time he hath taken 
true pains in the discliarge of his holy function, in the several 
places committed to his care by the said Society, and by his zeal 
and exemplary life, and conversation,"}" hath done great service 
to the Church in America, and therefore is qualified to receive 
the interest of the said £1000, as by the certificate of the said 
Corporation, under their Common Seal, hereunto annexed, may 
appear, and that there having no Bishops been yet appointed in 
America, and the said John Talbot being the only missionary 
that is an Englishman, and of the province of Canterbury, hath 
been so long, and behaved himself so well, in the said service, 
as by the said certificate appears, the said John Talbot, by the 
direction of the said Society, applied himself to the said Mr. 
Bennet, for the said interest, who apprehends he cannot pay the 
same without the direction of this Court, and thereupon the 
said John Talbot, on the 22d April 1721, applied himself to 
your Lordship, that the said Mr. Bennet might pay such interest 
as was then due to him, which was ordered accordingly, and that 
the said Mr. Bennet, pursuant to the said Order, did pay unto 
the said John Talbot, all the interest then received, and the said 
John Talbot hath applied to the said Mr. Bennet for M'hat 
interest has been received since, who apprehends he cannot pay 
the same, without your Lordship's further directions : There- 
fore, and inasmuch as there is no other person entitled to receive 
any part of the said interest, it is prayed, that the said Mr. 
Bennet may be ordered to pay such Interest as is now due to 
the said John Talbot, or, as he shall appoint, which is ordered 
accordingly, whereof notice- is forthwith to be given. 

"Ric. Peice, Deput. Reg." 

t In the abstract of the proceedings of the S. P. G., for 1720, is the follow- 
ing: "From the Church Wardens & Vestry of Burlington in New Jersey, — 
that the Kev. Mr. Talbot, by whose mission they now received inexpressible 
benefit, has by his unfeigned zeal for the glory of God, &, the good of His 
Church, by his exemplary piety & sober life & conversation, much adorned 
the Gospel of our Lord & Saviour, Jesus Christ." 



I 



IX BURLINGTOX. 163 

GOVERNOR BURNET. 

In 1720, Gov. Hunter resigned in favor of William Burnet, f 
(son of the celebrated bishop,) who met the Assembly J soon 
after his arrival. 

In his speech, early in the Spring of 1721, he said : 

" I must recommend to you, not to think of me, so much as 
of the inferior officers of this government, who want your care 
more, and whose salary have hitherto amounted to a very small 
share of the publick expence ; and now you are just beginning 
to taste of new blessings, I cannot but remind you of those which 
you have so long enjoyed, and without which all other advan- 
tages would but have increased your sufferings, under a Popish 
king, and a French government. 

" You can ascribe your deliverance from these, to nothing but 
the glorious revolution, begun by king William the third, of im- 
mortal memory, and compleated by the happy accession of his 
present majesty king George, to the throne of Great-Britain, 
and his entire success against his rebellious subjects at home, 
and all his enemies abroad. 

" To this remarkable deliverance, by an over-ruling hand of 
providence, you owe the preservation of your laws and liberties, 
the secure enjoyment of your property, and a free exercise of 
religion, according to the dictates of your conscience : These in- 
valuable blessings are so visible among us, and the misery of 
countries where tyranny and persecution prevail, so well known, 
that I need not mention them, to raise in your minds the 
highest sense of your obligations to serve God, to honour the 
king, and love your country." /Smithes Histori/, p. 415. 

A BILL AGAINST ATHEISM. 

^' Sundry bills were prepared this sessions," says Smith, " among 
which was one with this singular title, An Act aga'mst denying 
the Divinity of our Saviour Jesus Christ, the doctrine of the blessed 
Trinity, the truth of the Holy Scriptures, and spreading atheisti- 
cal books : " " Assemblies in the colonies," he adds flippantly, 
" have rarely troubled themselves with these subjects, perhaps 

t Born at the Hague in Holland, March, 1688 ; named for William, 
Prince of Orange, who was his godfather. EncydopacUa Americana, 
Vol. II, p. 336. 

X Among the members of Council, in his instructions, were Lewis Morris 
and Peter Eard. Among the members of Assembly, those from the town of 
Burlington, were John Allen and Jonathan Wright. Smith's Histori/, p. 414. 



164 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

never before or since ; it probably arose from the governor's 
motion, who had a turn that way, and had himself wrote a book 
to unfold some part of the apocalipse; the bill was however re- 
jected on the second reading in the assembly." History of Kciv 
Jersey, p. 417. 

PLAN FOR AX AMERICAN UNION. 

Col. Daniel Coxe,t in 1722, published in London, "A De- 
scription of the English Province of Carolana, by the 
Spaniards call'd Florida, and by the French, La Louisiane, 
with a large and curious Preface, demonstrating the Right of. 
the English to that Country, and the unjust Manner of the 
French usurping of it ; their prodigious Increase there, &c. and 
the inevitable Danger our other Colonies on the Continent will 
be exposed to, if not timely prevented ; interspersed with many 
useful Hints, in Regard to our Plantations in General." 

In this Preface, is the following : 

" The only Expedient I can at present think of, or shall pre- 
sume to mention (with the utmost Deference to His Majesty 
and His Ministers) to help and obviate these Absurdities and 
Inconveniences, and apply a Remedy to them, is. That All the 
Colonies appertaining to the Crown of Great Britain on the 
Northern Continent of America, be United under a Legal, 
Regular, and firm Establishment ; Over which, it's propos'd a 
Lieutenant, or Supreme Governour, may be constituted, and 
appointed to Preside on the Spot, to whom the Governours of 
each Colony shall be Subordinate. 

" It is further humbly propos'd. That two Deputies shall be 
annually Elected by the Council and Assembly of each Province, 
who are to be in the Nature of a Great Council, or General Con- 
vention of the Estates of the Colonies ; and by the Order, 
Consent or Approbation of the Lieutenant or Governour Gen- 
eral, shall meet together. Consult and Advise for the Good of 
the whole. Settle and Appoint particular Quota's or Proportion's 
of Money, Men, Provisions, &,c. that each respective Govern- 
ment is to raise, for their mutual Defence and Safety, as well, 
as, if necessary, for Offence and Invasion of their Enemies ; in 
all which cases the Governour General or Lieutenant is to have 
a Negative ; but not to Enact any Thing without their Concur- 
rence, or that of the Majority of them. 

t Son of Daniel Coxe, M. D., of London. See p. IL 



IN BURLINGTON. 165 

" The Quota or Proportion, as above allotted and charg'd on 
each Colony, niay, nevertheless, be levy'd and rais'd by its own 
Assembly, in such INIanner, as They shall judge most Easv and 
Convenient, and the Circumstances of their Aiifairs will permit. 

" Other Jurisdictions, Powers and Authorities, respecting the 
Honour of His Majesty, the Interest of the Plantations, and 
the Liberty and Property of the Proprietors, Traders, Planters 
and Inhabitants in them, may be Vested in and Cognizable bv 
the abovesaid Governour General or Lieutenant, and Grand 
Convention of the Estates, according to the Laws of England, 
but are not thought fit to be touch'd on or inserted here ; This 
Proposal being General, and with all humility submitted to the 
Consideration of our Superiours, who may Improve, Model, or 
Reject it, as they in their Wisdom shall judge proper. 

*'A Coalition or Union of this Nature, temper'd with and 
grounded on Prudence, Moderation and Justice, and a generous 
Incouragement given to the Labour, Lidustry, and good Man- 
agement of all Sorts and Conditions of Persons inhabiting, or, 
any ways, concern'd or interested in the several Colonies above 
mentioned, will, in all probability, lay a sure and lasting Foun- 
dation of Dominion, Strength, and Trade, sufficient not only to 
Secure and Promote the Prosperity of the Plantations, but to 
revive and greatly increase the late Flourishing State and Con- 
dition of Great Britain, and thereby render it, once more, 
the Envy and Admiration of its Neighbours. 

"Let us consider the Fall of our Ancestors, and grow wise 
by their Misfortunes. If the Ancient Britains had been united 
amongst themselves, the Romans, in all probability, had never 
become their Masters : For as Caesar observ'd of them, Dum 
Singuli pugnabant, Universi vincebantur, whilst they fought in 
separate Bodies, the whole Island was subdued. So if the Eng- 
lish Colonies in America were Consolidated as one Body, and 
joyn'd in one Common Interest, as they are under one Gracious 
Sovereign, and with united Forces were ready and willing to 
act in Concert, and assist each other, they would be better 
enabled to provide for and defend themselves, against any 
troublesome Ambitious Neighbour, or bold Invader. For 
Union and Concord increase and establish Strength and Power, 
whilst Division and Discord have the contrary Effects." 

"In this plan," says Grahame,t " we behold the germ of that 
more celebrated, though less original project, which was again 
ineffectually recommended by an American statesman in 1751; 

fGraharne's Colonial History, Vol. IT, p. 199. 



1G6 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

and which, not many years after, was actually embraced by his 
countrymen," 

Fieldjt qnotiug this, adds: "It was in fact the very plan, 
which was recommended by Dr. Franklin to the Convention at 
Albany, in 1754, for the purpose of forming a league with the 
Six Nations, and concerting measures for united operations 
against the encroachments of the French. This plan of Dr. 
Franklin's has been much talked of as ' the Albany Plan of 
Union,' figures largely in all our histories, and is thought to 
have been one of those grand and original conceptions for which 
he was so famous. And yet, it was little more than a transcript 
of the design sketched by Daniel Coxe, many years before, and 
which would seem to have originated with him. To him, there- 
fore, a citizen of New Jersey, belongs the credit of it, and the 
truth of history requires, that from him it should no longer 
be w^ithheld." 

BEQUEST OF LAND FOR A CHURCH AND SCHOOL. 

^tracts from the Will of William Budd. 

" In the Name of God Amen I William Budd of Northam- 
ton Town in ye County of Burlington in the Province of West 
Jersey Gent : Being Sick and Weak of Body But of Perfect 
Mind and Memory thanks be Given unto God therefore Call- 
ing unto mind the Mortality of my Body and knowing that it is 
appointed for all men once to Die do make and ordain this my 
Last W^ill and Testament That is to say Principally and first of 
all I Give and Recommend my Soul into the Hands of God 
that Gave it and my Body I Recommend unto ye Earth to be 
Buried in Decent Christian Buriell att ye Discretion of my 
Executrix hereafter named nothin Doubting but att ye Generall 
Resurrection I shall Receive ye same again by ye mighty 
Power of God and as Touchino; such Worldiv Estate wherewith 
it hath Pleased God to Bless me in this Life I Give Devise and 
Dispose of the same in the following manner and form * * 

"I Give unto my son William Budd five hundred and 
fifteen acres of Land | Except Ten nacres of Meadow | * * 

f Field's Provincial Courts of Xew .Terser, pp. 134, 137. 



IN BURLINGTON. 167 

I Give him my Best Coat ray Cane and Seal and ye Boy AVil- 
liani Allcoot he paying to his Sister Susana Budd ye sum of 
Twenty Pounds Current Silver money of ye Province af'' when 
shee Comes to ye Age of Twenty and one Years or att the Day 
of her marriage which happens first * * 

"Item I give unto the Episcopall Church of England the 
hundred acres of Land Reserved out of the Land of my sons 
for a Church to be Built thereon and a Scliooll to be keept Pro- 
vided ye said Church be Built thereon within Ten years after 
my Decease and if no Church should be Built within ye Term 
afores'^ then ye said Land to Return to my son John Budd his 
Heirs and Assigns forever * * 

" I Give and Bec|ueath unto ]\P John Talbot forty Shillings. 
And do Constitute and appoint my Trusty and Well Beloved 
Friends and Kinsmen M'' John Budd of Philadelphia and M'' 
Robert Wheeler of Burlington my Trusties to be aiding and 
Assisting my Executrix in y*^ Execution and p'formance of this 
my Last Will and Testament. And Doe Give Each of them 
the sum of fifty shillings apeice Current Silver money. Item I 
give unto the Church of Burlington five Pounds Current money. 
Item I Give to my Son ^V'illialll Budd my vest with the State 
Buttons thereon. Item I give my Well Beloved Wife Ann 
Budd all my Goods Chattels and Plantation whereon I now 
Dwell and all my Laud undisposed of During the Term of her 
Naturall Life and Doe hereby Give her full Power to Dispose 
Sell and Convey over to any Pereon or Persons to them their 
heirs and assigns forever. * * 

" In Witness whereof I have hereunto put my hand and Seal 
v^ First Day of March in y^ year of our Lord God one Thousand 
Seven hundred Seven and Eight. 

" William Budd. f [l. s.] " 

t In nearly the centre of St. Mary's Church-yard, tliere is a headstone with 
this inscription ; " This in Memory of Wiiliam Budd of Northampton 
Townsliip who Dyed March ye 20t]i Anno Dom : 172i Aged 73. Also Ann 
Jiis Wife who Dyed Sepr, yeSOth Anno Dom : 1722 Aged 67." 



168 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

XONJURORSf CONSECRATE JOHN TALBOT. 

Collier, Hawes and Spinckes had obtained, for the second 
time, the concurrence and assistance of the Scotch nonjurors, 
Campbell and Gadderar ; and they five, on the " 26tli of June 
1716" says Percival, (adding a foot-note, that "Mr. Bowd- 
ler's MS. mentions January 25th 1715,") consecrated Gandy 
and Brett. 

On the "22d of March, 1720-1," says the same authority, 
"Hawes Spinckes and Gandy" consecrated "Ralph Taylor;" and 
on "the 6th of April," consecrated " Hilkiah Bedford." 

About this time a division occurred among the nonjurors; 
" Brett, Collier, and the Scotch Bishop, Campbell, who had set- 
tled himself in England," says Percival, " insisting upon mak- 
ing alterations in the Liturgy, to which Hawes, Spinckes, Gandy, 
Taylor and Bedford would not consent." Taylor, singly, con- 
secrated Dr. Robert AVelton — who had been deprived of the 
rectorship of Whitechapel, London, for his adhesion to the non- 
jurors — and Ralph Taylor and Robert Welton together, con- 
secrated John Talbot. This was previous to October, 1722. J 

t Measures were taken, soon after the transfer of the crown to the Prince of 
Orange, for continuing a succession of bishops, among the nonjurors. King 
James was applied to, who ordered a list of the nonjuring clergy to be sent to 
him, in France. From these, he directed that one should be nominated In' 
Bancroft, and one by Lloyd, late of Norwich, (see p. 11.) Hickes and "VVag- 
stafie were accordingly designated ; and consecrated, February 24th, 1693, in 
the lodgings of the Bishop of Peterborough, in Mr. Gillard's house — Henry, 
Earl of Clarendon, being present at the cenemony. " It was not," says Perci- 
val, in the appendix to his 'Apology for Apostolical Succession,' p. 133, 
" till all the deprived Bishops and Wagstaft'e had died, that Hickes determined 
to keep up a succession of Bishops for the Nonjurors; for M'hich purpose he 
applied to the Bishops in Scotland ; two of whom, Campbell and Gadderar, 
together with Hickes, consecrated Collier, Spinckes and Hawes, in 1713." 
"These memoranda," he says, " are draAvn partly from some curious printed 
documents, in my own possession, and partly from information furnished by 
Rev. Thomas Bowdler, Incumbent of Sydenham, and Rev. H. H. Norris, 
Rector of South Hackney." Lathbury, in his "History of the Nonjurors," 
printed in 1842, gives similar, though not quite so full, or accurate, data. 

jThe only error detected in Percival's account is the date he gives for both 
"Welton's and Talbot's consecration, which he says, in his table, took place iu 
"1723-4," whereas, in the same table, he gives the death of Taylor, in Decem- 
ber 1722 ; and moreover, we find that Mr. Talbot — who derived his Episc^:- 
pate from Taylor, as well as Welton— had returned to America, and was in 
Burlington, in November, 1722, a year before the date given by Percival. 



IN BURLIXGTOX. 169 

MR. ELLIS'S CERTIFICATE, 

About the paragraph in his Letter, printed in the abstract of the 
Society's proceedings, loith the Bishop of Carlisle's Sermon. 
" Burlington in West Jersey Ocf 2P' 1722. 
" In the abstract to the Right Rev'' Lord Bishop of Carlisle's 
anniv^ersary Sermon preached before the R' Rev*^ & R' Honble 
the Society for propagation of the Gospel &c in the year 1719 
there is a copy of a complaint as the paragraph inserts it to be 
made by rne underwritten sometime preceeding that abstract 
against the people called Quakers in these M^ords viz' ' But that 
in the general education of his charge he meets with many hin- 
drances from the Quakers ' what I meant by that charge is that 
I was sent here as Schoolmaster by the Ilonble Society They 
(the Quakers) sent their Children to other persons who from 
time to time have been hired by them to teach School in this 
Town the which I looked upon as a great hindrance and detri- 
ment to the business in which I was employed and to Catechis- 
ing the Children in School they never interrupted me but those 
few that sent their Children to me desired me not to instruct 
them in the Catechism for they would not have them educated 
in that way. 

" Rowland Ellis." 

" JSP Ellis acknowledged he was no otherwise hindred than 
he has here declared. 

" Per AV^' IIarrisox Jlin'' of Hopewell tt-c." 

"the house at the point almost torn to pieces." 

Churchwardens of Burlington to the Society. 

"1^'Nov^ 1722 
" R^ Rev" &R^ Honble: 

" Sometime since sev' of the principal of the people called 
Quakers residing in this Town made their applications to us 
with the vestry in relation to a passage in the transactions of the 
Socy and the end of a Sermon preached by the Lord Bishop of 
Carlisle in the year 1719 before the said Society in the words 
following (From M'' Ellis Schoolmaster at Burlington) That on 



170 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

Tuesdays Thursdays and Saturdays in every week and on every 
Sunday in the Church he constantly catechizes the Children 
whose parents are of the Church but in the general execution of 
his charge he meets with many hindrances from the Quakers 
and desired that he would do them the justice to certify whether 
they had ever given M"" Ellis any manner of interruption in the 
general execution of his Charge. 

" We thought it our duty to send for M'' Ellis and to get him 
to give an account what occasioned him to write that paragraph 
which the whole Town knows to be an error after some time he 
gave us his answer in writing which we have enclosed that the 
people injured who contend to apply to you might be justified 
and the blame laid on the right person. 

" We are extremely sorry that your House at the point is so 
miserably out of repair and almost torn to pieces since it was 
repaired by the care of one of us by the direction of Brigadier 
Hunter your Honors having taken the charge out of our hands 
and put it into others who have done nothing in it hath put it 
out of our power we shall at all times be ready in that or any 
other thing to show our readiness to serve you and to acknowl- 
edge the favors our Church hath rec*^ from you and do assure you 
nothing in our power shall ever be M'anting to testify that we are 
" R' Rev^^ & W Honble 

" Your most obliged & very humble Serv'^ 

"J.Bass, ^ riinrphw'i^" 

"Geo. Willis, j^*'"'^^''' 

ALL GLAD TO SEE ME. TALBOT IX BURLIXGTOX AGAIX. 

3Ir. Talbot to the Secretary. 

" Burlington, November 27, [1722,] 
''Sir: 

" I and Mr. Skinner arrived safe, in six weeks at Philadel- 
phia, never better weather, nor so good a Passage, as the Cap- 
tain said (who was a Quaker) ; they and the sailors used to say, 
they had no luck when the Priests were on Board, but now 
they are both prettily convinced, and finally converted, to say no 
more. All sorts and conditions of men, women and children 



IX BUELIXGTON. 171 

were glad to see us return, for they had given me over. I was 
yesterday at New Bristol, in Pensylvania, to call the people to 
Church, but they had almost lost the way ; it was so overgrown 
with Bushes, they could hardly find the Church, having had 
nothing to do there, for two years and a half.f Since I came 
away the Church there has suffered veVy much, but the Bishop's 
house here at the point, is in the worst condition of all; 'tis 
made nothing but a baudy-house, a sheep's cote and play-house ; 
the boys have broken the windows from the top to bottom ; they 
break the doors, steal the leads and iron bars, they pull down 
the pales, and cut the Cedar posts, they steal the fruit, and break 
the Trees ; 'tis in vain to repair it any more, unless some family 
be put in to guard it, I think. I have a house of my own just 
by the Church, and I would not live in the point House, if they 
would give it to me, but I am loath to see it fall down, as the 
Coach House and stables have already ; and what will they do 
for the meadows, they will be lost if not claimed speedily, the 
witnesses will be dead that know where the Lands lie ; if the 
Society think fit to send any Orders about these things, I hope 
they Avill come before it is too late ; I thought it my duty to 
lay these things before the Honorable Body, and hope you will 
read it to the Committee and Society, that something may be 
done, before the whole House drops through ; this is the last 
time of asking, so I crave your prayers and remain 
" Your most obedient servant, 

"John Talbot. 
" P. S. — The Society had better never have bought this House, 
for some Gentleman or another, such as Colonel Coxe, would 
have done very well with it, but since they have bought, and 
. can't sell it again for the worth, they had better make a Free 
School or a College ; it is very well contrived for that purpose. 
Several of Mr. Skinner's scholars at Philadelphia are fit for the 
Academy, but here is no place to send them to ; they can't afford 
to send their children to Europe for Education ; sailing is now 
too dangerous and troublesome and chargeable, something of a 
College must be had here, the sooner the better. 

" J. T." 

f The duration, in round numbers, of Mr. Talbot's last, and most memorable, 
sojourn in England. 



172 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 



i^'r 



THE EUIX, AND THE REPAIRS, OF THE SOCIETY S HOUSE. 

3Iess)'S. Coxe tt Trent to the Secretary. 

"Trenton 20"^ Sept^ 1723. 
"Sir 

" Having received the honor of the Societys commands by 
your letter of the 21^' of Sepf last relating to the repairs neces- 
sarv to be done to their house and Gardens at Burlino-ton and 
keeping up all the fences round them, the Orchard &c. 

" In pursuant of these orders and discharge of the Trust re- 
posed in us as soon as our affairs would permit — we repaired 
thither to inspect the circumstances and condition thereof and to 
giv^e proper directions about the same. Upon the first view we 
are sorry to say nothing could appear more ruinous and desolate 
— The Orchard Garden and Fields behind the house were quite 
open and become a common pasture to the Horses Cattle and 
Sheep of the Town — The fences round them being down and 
many of the rails rotten though the posts which consisted of 
cedar were standing, many of the Fruit Trees were entirely de- 
stroyed and others had their best branches broke off or hanging 
down and dead. As to the house all the doors were open & 
all the locks except one with the latches and bolts stole away — 
The windows from top to bottom were broke few pannels remain- 
ing whole and even many of the casements were missing, tlie 
rooms below stairs were the usual retreat and harbour of the 
Sheep in the night time and severity of the weather — Their dung 
lay many inches thick on the floors & on the walls were various 
unseemly figures drawn with charcoal besides immodest and 
wicked descriptions — The well was filled with the skeletons of 
sheep and other rubbish and the iron handle of the pump taken 
away but since by us recovered — The Lead on the top of the 
house was for the greatest part gone, and as we have lately re- 
ceived some intimation through whose hands it past we shall 
endeavor to discover them if possible — several of the Chamber 
doors above stairs were broke to pieces & the flooring in many 
places rent up together with some hearths chimney pieces and 
ceilings, to search as is said for hidden treasure — The Cellars and 
Offices adjoining were one continued heap of dung and nastiness 



IN BURLINGTOX. 173 

— we are obliged to employ Indians and Xegrocs to perform an 
almost herculean labour in cleaning them for none of the white 
men could be persuaded to undertake the task in short every 
thing was in the utmost disorder and confusion. 

" Wherefore finding it absolutely necessary either immediately 
to repair the whole or else to suifer it to run to entire decay — 
we sent for workmen the best could be procured and computed 
the charge of the work according to their several calculations if 
they undertook by the Mhich being very extravagant 

we altered our purpose and resolved to employ each man by the 
day which method proved the best and saved almost half in 
half as well as created a speedier dispatch of the business so that 
we can assure the Society that the house and fences are in very 
good repair — we saved indeed every thing that was needless and 
served only for ornament or ostentation, however tho' the work 
is mostly plain yet its very good and substantial and will as we 
believe answer the Societys intentions and with some new rails 
which we shall add next Spring to the fences and the Societys 
half of a new fence betwixt their lands and the Southern lots 
will last many years with a small expence. 

" We have persuaded v/ith much difficulty an honest Gentle- 
man who is deputy Secretary to the Province and a Justice of 
the Peace to live in the house and we find already from his bear 
Interest and authority a very great alteration for the better none 
attemptino; since his residence there to break the windows destrov 
the Fruit Trees or pull down the fence to let their Cattle into their 
Orchard or pasture which before it was impossible to prevent. 

" The Garden we have contracted into a narrower compass 
but it may be enlarged when ever it is necessary — All the out- 
houses except the Stable have been demolished & the materials 
destroyed several years past and we presume its needless at 
present to erect them again yet it shall be done whenever the 
Society sends their orders for that purpose. 

" We find it necessary that some sheet lead should be sent 
over with all convenient speed for the covering of the Top of 
the house in the room of what has becai taken hence. 

" We have not yet received the original deeds of the Societys 
house and lands left bv Coll Hunter in the custodv of Coll 



174 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

Depeystcr of New York that unhappy Gentleman being at 
present deprived of the use of his reason, but a friend of ours- 
has undertaken to procure them speedily and send us, and then 
we shall immediately put them on record at Burlington and 
transmit to the Society an authentic copy of them together with 
a Survey of the lands and meadows belonging to the house. 

" The several tradesmens bills already delivered in and paid 
amount to £69 11. 1 lawful money of America according to Act 
of Parliament which reduced to sterling is £52 3. 3f for which 
sura we have drawn on the Honble Society payable to John 
Moore Esq"" or his order. 

" We shall write you further next November if any ship aails 
from Philadelphia or New York by which time we may be able 
to send you a state of the whole account and other aifairs of the 
Society as directed particularly about the Meadows which a 
Gentleman of Philadelphia has been in possession of many years. 

" What seems to us most for the Societys Interest is that a 
suit at law be immediately commenced for the recovery of their 
rights because several antient people who will appear good evi- 
dences in their behalf are very infirm and can't by course of 
nature last long and that it may be less tedious and expensive 
will endeavor to persuade the Gentlemen to go to law by con- 
sent if its the opinion of the Society and they send their com- 
mands so to do. 

" We are Sir &c 

" Dan^ Coxe 
"W''' Trent." 

MORE WORK TO DO NOW THAN BEFORE. 

Mr. Talbot to the Secretary. 

"Burlington, 20th September, 1723. 
"Rev. Sir: 

" I have more work to do now than I had before, and I have 
no assistant ; they are both gone, and have left me and the 
Church in the lurch. I have fifteen miles to travel from the 
Capes of Delaware to the Hills and Mountains in East Jersey^ 
and none to help me but Mr. Lidenius, a Swedish minister, and 



IX BURLIXGTOX. 175 

he is going away. I have been this month at Trenton, at 
Hopewell, and Amwell, preaching and baptizing nineteen per- 
sons in one day. I visited several persons that were sick, who 
had been Quakers, and who were come off their errors, with 
Mr. George Keith ; they were 80 years of age, and had never 
received the Holy Sacrament of the Lord's Supper in all their 
lives, but were loth to die, without the benefit and comfort of it ; 
so I w^as fain to come back again to Burlington, to get the Ele- 
ments, then returned to the Mountains, and did administer to 
their great satisfaction. They are preparing to build a Church 
in the Spring, but when they will have a minister I cannot tell ; 
but it is a solemn thing (as they say in Xew England) for the 
lost sheep to go astray in the Wilderness ; to be among AVolves 
is worse, but for sheep to be without a shepherd, is the most 
'deplorable case of all ; meanwhile it is some comfort to see the 
Bishop's house at Burlington, in repairs again ; it is as M'ell 
finished and furnished, as ever I saw it. The Governour of 
Xew York is coming to reside here for a month or two. We 
have got an honest Churchman, as we suppose, to live there and 
keep it in good order, now it is so, by care and order of Colonel 
Coxe; if the account comes not by this ship, ^ Old Annise,' it 
will by the next this fall, in Captain Richmond. I have set up 
one Mr. Searle, a schoolmaster, to read prayers, and preach on 
Sundays, at Springfield ; I lent him some sermons of Drs.. 
Tillotson and Beveridge ; several Quakers came to hear him, 
and are much taken with him ; they say they never thought 
the Priests had so much Good Doctrine. I am sure he is a 
much better Clerk than Mr. H n, saving his orders, there- 
fore I commend him to the Society for their encouragement ; 
and hope they will count him worthy to be a half-pay officer in 
their service. I pray God bless all our benefactors, and prosper 
all the labours of all their honest missioners, especially 

"Your &c. 

" Joiix Talbot." 

DISillSSAL OF MK. UEMSTOX FKOM PHILADELPHIA. 

The vacancy in Christ Church, Philadelphia, occasioned by 
the death of the Rev. Mr. Yicary was temporarily supplied by 



17G HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

the Rev. John Urmston, who had been a missionary in North 
Carolina. His condnct, however, was snch as to bring great 
reproach npon the church, and he was dismissed, after having 
preached there but about a year. The following proceedings 
were had, in consequence of Mr. Urniston's removal : 

" At a meeting of the vestry, October 29th, 1723, Mr. Fra- 
ser, church warden, laid before the vestrv a minute of the con- 
vention of the clergy of this province, held at Chichester the 23d 
day of this instant, October, which was read, and is as followeth : 

" ' A member of the convention having laid before the brethren 
the reflections cast upon those missionaries who recommended 
Mr. Urmston to supply the cure of Philadelphia, and the said 
member having signified what reasons such reflections were 
grounded upon, agreed that the Rev. Mr. Talbot and the Rev. 
Mv. Weyman do acquaint the vestry and wardens of the church 
of Philadelphia, that the clergy of this province are willing and 
ready to concur in the removal of the said Mr. Urmston from 
Philadelphia, provided they do signify their uneasiness to the 
convention, and make their application to them, or any three of 
their number, under their hands to that purpose. 

"Signed, John Talbot, 
"George Ross, 
"John Humphreys, 
"Robert Weymax, 
"William Beckett.' 

"The above communication having been read, it was 'Re- 
solved that the thanks of this vestry be given to the gentlemen 
of the convention for their expressing themselves so willing and 
ready to concur in the removal of Mr. Urmston from Philadel- 
phia.' It was further ' ordered that the church wardens vrait 
upon as many of the above clergy as they conveniently can, and 
deliver them a copy of this minute, and let them know that if 
they please to supply this church till we can be otherwise pro- 
vided, we shall gratefully acknowledge the favour. 

" Signed, AYilliam Frazer, Church Warden ; and by ten Ves- 
trymen, among whom were Peter Evans and Samuel Hasell." 
Dorr's History of Christ Church, Philadelphia, pp. 51, 52. 

BURLINGTON MORE PLEASANT THAN SALISBURY. 

3Ir. Talbot to the Secretary. 

"Philadelphia, 9th December, 1723. 
" Rev'd Sir, 

" This place is my head quarters. I was taken very ill in the 
church last Sunday at Burlington with Cholera Morbus so that 



IX BURLINGTON. 177 

I was forced to leave the church. After I read the Psalms I 
could go no further. After I had laid by some days I came 
down to Philadelphia to consult the Doctor and, thank God, I 
have had my health very well. When I can get any help I 
send them to Burlington and go myself some times, but 'tis a 
thousand pities this place should be destitute. Plere are much 
people and tho' they are poor, they ought not to be lost for lack 
of looking after. They are well rid of with \bJanh in 3IS.f^ at 
last. He was worse than Phillips and would not go away till 
he was starved out. Here's nothing but a little paper coin cur- 
rent, neither money, credit nor Tobacco. The best of the people 
had left the church so they would muster nothing but they 
would give him some what to go away so they got rid of him at 
last. Col. Coxe and Mr. Trent have done their parts toward- 
the Society's house at Burlington. They have put it all in 
good order both within and without. The Gardens, Orchard 
and pasture are fenced all round and, what is more than ever 
was done, they have got an honest man (as we suppose), to live 
there as Adam did in Paradise to dress it and keep it so 'tis fit 
now for any Governor in Church or State. Mr. Burnet has 
been there this quarter almost, & he says 'tis more pleasant than 
Salisbury! in England. Therefore I am not fallen out with my 
first love, Dear Bur : but I have some pity of poor Philadelphia. 
Because she has none to help her, there is most need there at 
present. I can do most good till some body else comes so I 
commend mvself and service to the Hon'ble Societv & desirins; 
their prayers I rest their & 

"Your humble Servant, 

" Jo : Talbot." 

THE EAVIXG OF THE REV. JOHX URMSTON. 

"Cecil County in Maryland, June ult. 1724. 
" liEV. Sir : 

" You may remember that I once had a mind to have gone 
with the D. of Portland ; you were pleased to oifer me that 
letter to a French Marquis who went with his Grace. I thought 

t Presumed to be the Kev. John Urmstoii, 
J The Governor was the son of the Bishop of Salisbury. 

M 



178 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

ray Lord D. of Ivino;ton who niarried the other's sister might 
be more effectual. He spake to his brother and his answer was 
that he should take no more into his family and yet soon after 
entertained Charles Lamb. This was one of the many dis- 
appointments I met with whilst in England last. I was rude 
in not acquainting you with my departure, but believe you will 
be so good as to pardon that and many other liberties particu- 
larly this long scroll which with humble respects will give you 
a further account of my unfortunate circumstances which I the 
rather communicate to you knowing you to be no half papist, as 
too many of the clergy now-a-days are. 

"You're to be acquainted that I went from London to New 
England, where I had some hopes of staying but was prevented 
by the New Converts, one whereof had the offer if he would go 
to England and be ordained, and forthwith did, and is now 
minister of the New Episcopal Church in Boston, the only man 
that could be thought of; he'll do more good there than any 
other. I left the place very contentedly, and went from New 
Y'ork, M'liere I narrowly missed of being Chaplain to the Fort 
and assistant to Mr. Vesey. Hearing that the Incumbent of 
Philadelphia M'as gone to England for his health, and left the 
place ill-supplyed, I hastened thither, and was gladly received 
of the people. About six months after, we had the news of the 
death of the Incumbent aforesaid. I had written to my corres- 
pondent to get some friend to intercede with my then Lord of 
London to appoint me minister there. I never doubted of my 
friend's diligence nor his Lordship's favour, but my letters from 
England must certainly have been intercepted. Mr. Talbot, the 
famous Rector of Burlington, in the Jerseys, supplanted me 
here.y Governor Burnet had been long displeased with him by 
reason he is a notorious Jacobite, and will not pray for the King 
and Royal Family by name, only says the King and Prince, by 
which 'tis obvious whom he means. He hath often endeavoured 
to persuade me to do so too (little less than treason, I think, to 
go about to pervert the King's subjects from their duty and 
allegiance to his Majesty). He hath poisoned all the neigh- 

tA counter statement to this appears in the following: 

"December 19, 1723. 

" To the Eight Rev. Father in God, Edmund, lord bishop of London : The 
lionible address and representation of the cliurch wardens and vestry of Christ 
Church, Philadelphia. May it please your lordship, * * Our church, 
for above twelve months last past, rather than the doors should bo shut and 
the congregation scatter, has been supplied by one Mr. Urniston, heretofore 
missionary to the honourable society to North Carolina; but now by them, for 
good reasons doubtless, dismissed, as he is by us, and gone for Maryland." 
Dorr's History, j)p- 53, 54. 



IN BURLIXGTOX. I79 

bouring clergy with his rebelh"ous i)rinciples ; thev dare not 
pray otherwise than he does when he is present. 'He caused 
many of my hearers to leave tiie Church ; at last he gained his 
point, was accepted, and I kicked out very dirtily by the Ye^^trv 
who pretend that the Bishop of London is no Diocesan,^ior 
liath anything to do there more than another Bishop ^o that 
any one that is lawfully ordained and licenced by any Bishon 
It matters not who, the Bishop of Eome I 'suppase Talbot and 
many more will say, or any other, is capable of taking upon him 
any cure in America. I was not sorry for my removal from so 
precarious and slavish a place, where they require two sermon, 
every Wl s Day, Prayers all the week, and Homilies on Fe^ti- 
vais, besides abundance of Funerals, Christenings at home and 
sick to be visited ; no settled salary, the Churchwardens go from 
house to house every six months, every one gives what lie 
pleases, sometimes liberally, and on the least pretence or dislike 
or it may be the persuasion of the Churchwardens and their 
adherents, they'll give nothing, and so they forced that wortln- 
gentleman, Dr. Evans, and many others 'to leave the i^laces- 
thev love new faces. I was told that they had eleven ministers 
within the space of nine years. About three months after Tal- 
bot was gotten into his kingdom some had the courage to go to 

Tnlhn. i\ !'n'/'^'?^°*^\7''''' '"'"' ''''^^ ^"^"gJ^ pleased with 
Talbot, and to tell his Excellency that it was a shime such a 
iellow should be allowed to officiate in the Church, and that if 
Ills Excellency suffered him they would write to Eno-land 
against them both, whereupon Talbot was sent away, and the 
place hath been vacant these four months. What has become 
of this great Ajjostle I know not; certainly Governor Burnet 
will not suffer him to return to Burlington. Some of his confi- 
cknts have discovered that he is in orders, as many more 

lebels are I have heard of no ordinations he has made as vet, 
bu doubtless he'llpersuade all the clergy who are his creatures 
to be ordained again by him. To this end he came frauc^ht 

pamphlets he could pick np ; that one I met with by chance 
whose title was, 'The Case Truly Stated,' provin/ that aU 
ordained by Bishops consecrated since or such as confirmed and 
approved of the revolution are imposters, and the divine service 
is only to be performed by those who have been re-ordained by 
non-jurors, and that there are enough of them all over England 
to serve he Church. Proh mores atque hominum fidem ! 
ih. t^(^ll^f^ Missionary he received the three years' interest of 
he £2000 the late Archbishop of Canterbury his legacy towards 
the support of a Bishop in the plantations, and is entitled to the 



180 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

same until a Bishop be appointed. My Lord Chancellor did 
not know the man, or certainly he would never have admitted 
him to so great a favour. I went by land from Philadelphia to 
North Carolina, in order to take a view of Maryland and Vir- 
ginia, and to sell my Plantation, stock, and goods ; that done, I 
returned to Maryland, and am settled in Cecil County, a very 
promising, thriving.place ; the income is between 33 and 34,000, 
which will be considerable when Tobacco bears a price. 
"I am, Reverend Sir, 
" Your most obedient 

"John Urmston." 

MR. Talbot's gift to his successors. f 
" To ALL Christian people to whom these presents 
shall come or may concern I John Talbot Rector of St. 
Mary's Church at Burlington in the western Division of the 
Province of New Jersey, Send Greeting : Knoav" ye, that 
Doctor Robert iframpton Late Lord Bishop of Gloucester in the 
Kingdom of Great Brittain as well in Consideration of his great 
Zeal for Gods glory, the advancement of true Religion and y® 
propagation of the Catholick and Apostolick Church, and (par- 
ticularly) as a further Encouragement to the ministers & pastors 
of that pure branch of it planted here in America him there- 
unto especially moving. Did Bequeath the Sum of one hun- 
dred pounds to y'^ use intents and purposes as hereafter in these 
p'sents limitted and as by a clause in his Last will & Testam' 
it is at Large expressed and Declared in these words following. 
Viz'. I Give and Bequeath the Sum of one hundred pounds for 
the Encouragement of Ministers to propagate the Gospell in the 
western plantations according to y^ order of y'^ Church of 
England which money my will is shall be Disposed off accord- 
ing to y® Direction and appointment of the R' Reverend fPather 
in God Henry present Bishop of London And whereas the said 
Henry Bishop of London upon the earnest Sollicitations of the 
Rev'^ Mr. Talbot made for the Legacy aforesaid in behalf of 
the Church of S' Marys aforesaid, by a Certain writing under 
his hand and Seal bearing Date y^ 11"' day of April in the Year 

t The following instrument — beautifully engrossed, in old English text, ou 
a large piece of vellum — is still (187G) in the archives of the Parish. 



IN BURLINGTON. 181 

of our Lord 1713 according to )'*= pious intention of our worthy 
Benefactor thought meet to Direct and appoint the Said Sum of 
one hundred pounds to be Laid out in the purchase of an aug- 
mentation to y^ maintenance of the present Rector of S' INIarys 
Church in Burlington in New Jersey and his Successors Rectors 
of that Church for Ever, And further directed that the said Sum 
of one hundred pounds be, by the Exer, of y*^ Donor aforesaid, 
paid into the hands of Mrs. Catharine Bovey to be by her to- 
gether with the advice and Assistance of the Minister Church 
wardens and Vestry men of said S' Marys Laid out for y'' use 
aforesaid, A^'D WHEREAS the sd Jolin Talbot by Certain good and 
Sufficient Conveyances in y^ Law stands Lawfully seized in Fee 
Simple of a Certain Messuage and sundry Lotts of Land scituate 
Lvino- & beino; in the Town and Town bounds of Burlington 
aforesd, to wit. One messuage and Lot of Land containing Two 
Acres and half an acre of Land iFronting on the east Side of Sec- 
ond Street and west from High Street and is in breadth between 
land formerly belonging to Jonathan ffox and Walter Humphrey 
Twenty one perches & Ten foot, Also one other Lot of Land 
adjovning to y'' aforesd Lot containing Twenty three perches^ 
Also one other Lot of Land tfronting broad Street on the 
South and bounded on y*" west by the Second Street west from 
high Street begins at John Antrums, alias by Land formerly 
William Myres by the said Second Street and runs in length by 
the sd street South and by east ninteen perches & twelve foot 
to the corner of broad Street, then by broad Street Eastward 
thirteen perches & a half to Paul Watkinson's Lot, thence North- 
ward by Said Lot and parallel to the Second Street ninteen 
perches and Twelve foot thence westward by said Myres Land 
to the place first mentioned which said Lot is Supposed to be or 
contain one acre & three quarters of an Acre of Land. And 
also all that Tract of Land Situate and being in the Town 
bounds of Burlington and according to y*^ Survey thereof is thus 
bounded beginning at a corner mark't oak by Land formerly 
Edward Hunlock Deceas'd, Thence west South west three chain 
thence South five chain unto a corner by Thomas Wrights Land 
thence west and by North along the said Wrights Land unto a 
<?orner markt oak by the same thence South west unto a birth 



182 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

creek, thence west North west Twenty fonr chain and a half along 
Said creek unto the Laud formerly Said Hunlock to a corner 
mark't oak thence North East & by East to a Corner markt black 
oak by Land formerly George Hutchinsons Dec'd thence South 
East along the Said Hutchinsons Land and onward to the first 
mentioned corner or place of beginniug which Said Last men- 
tioned tract of Land is Supposed to contain within the Limits 
afores'd at Least Two hundred Acres. Now^ this Indextuee 
WITNESSETH, that the said John Talbot for the great Regard he^ 
hath for the promotion of true and Orthodox Religion Xtian 
knowledge and advancement of piety, not only to Labour him- 
self in the ffaithfull Discharge of his ministerial ffunction but 
also to add Some part of what God of his bounty bestowed upon 
him for the Obtaining of the good Ends and purposes aforesd, As 
also for and in Consideration of the Said Sum of one hundred 
pounds Bequeathed as aforesd and to him the said John Talbot 
well and truly in hand paid by y® aforesaid Mrs. Catherine 
Bovey as likewise for the Sum of five shillings to him the said 
John Talbot in hand paid by Joseph White and John Allen, 
both of the Town of Burlington and province aforesaid Gent, 
the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged and himself there- 
w'*^ fully Satisfied and paid and thereof and of every part thereof 
for himself and his Successors his and their heirs Exec'rs and 
Adm'rs Doth acquit Release and discharge as well the Said Mrs. 
Catherine Bovey her Exec'rs and Adm'rs of and from the 
aforesd Legacy as also the said Joseph White and John Allen 
and their respective heirs Exec'rs and Adm'rs for ever by these 
presents. Hath given granted Sold released and Confirmed and 
by these presents doth fully clearly and Absolutely give grant 
Sell release convey and Confirm unto the Said Joseph White and 
John Allen present Churcli wardens of the parish of S' Marys- 
Church aforesd and unto their Successors in trust for the use 
hereafter in and by these presents to be declared the aforesaid 
Messuage and all and Singular the said Lotts and Tract of Land 
as they Stand butted and bounded Limitted and above Described 
in the Town of Burlington and witiiin the boundaries thereof: 
Together with all and all manner of houses out houses barns 
Stables Orchards Gardens fences and improvements whatsoever 



IN BURLINGTON. 183 

as also the mines minerals ways waters wood under woods fishing 
fowling hunting hawking hereditamants & app'tenances what- 
soever unto the said messuage Tract of Land and every of the 
above mentioned Lotts of ground belonging or in any wise ap- 
pertaining and the Reversion and reversions Remainder and 
remainders rents issues and profits thereof, with all the estate 
right Title property Claim and Demand whatsoever of him the 
said John Talbot his heirs or Assigns of in to or out of the Same. 
To HAVE AND TO HOLD the Said Messuage Tract and Lotts 
of laud as aforesaid, with all y"* rights members and appur- 
tenances unto them the sd Joseph White and John Allen and 
their Successors to the use and behoof of him the Said John 
Talbot present Rector of S' Marys church aforesaid During his 
natural Life, and after his Decease to the use benefit and behoof 
of a Presbyter of the Church of England as by Law now estab- 
lished that hath received Episcopal Ordination and is admitted 
into the Cure of S' Marys Church at Burlington by the appro- 
bation of at Least one Church Warden and the major part of 
the Vestry men of the Church afores'' Signified under their hands 
and Seals (or appointed minister for y*^ said Church by the 
Bishop) and Snch presbyter afores'^ that doth comply with 
reading and performing of Divine Service and other Duties in 
the Said Church according to the Lyturgie of the Church of 
England as is now appointed upon the Lords days Holy days 
and other Set days for Divine worship Set forth in the Book, En- 
tituled, the Book of Common prayer and Administracon of the 
Sacraments and being so admitted and Conforming to and Com- 
plying with the Rubricks and Canons of the Church of England 
as aforesaid, that Such incumbent Shall, after Such admission into 
the Cure aforesaid, upon Easter day or Whit Sunday or upon 
the munday immediately following either of the ffeast days that 
shall happen to be after every Such admission in y^ Cure afores*^ 
after Divine Service is Ended in the ffore noon publickly before 
the Congregation with an audible Voice read the thirty nine 
Articles of the Church of England as they are now Set forth 
according to Sundry Acts of parliament in the Book of Common 
prayer and publickly Testifie his assent and Consent to all and 
every of them, and thereunto Subscribing his name in the said 



184 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

Common prayer Book, belonging to the Said Church. That 
Such Incumbent being so qualified ordained admitted in manner 
aforesaid (and not before nor othersvise) shall may or is hereby 
intitled to the i^ossession of the aforesaid Settlement, and be en- 
abled to take and receive the rents issues and profits of the 
hereby granted or mentioned and intended to be granted Land 
Messuage and Sundry Lotts aforesaid, according to the purport 
and Design of the proprietor of the aforesaid Legacy, and the 
true intent and meaning of these presents. 

And now to the End that the above rented premises and 
every part and parcell thereof may be established Vested and 
Settled unto the said John Talbot during his natural Life and 
after his Decease to the use and behoof of the next minister 
being admitted as aforesaid and So Successively, the said John 
Talbot for himself his Exe'rs and Adm'rs Doth by these pres- 
ents Covenant promise grant and agree to and with the said 
Joseph AVhite and John Allen and their respective Successors 
that at the Time of the Ensealing and Delivery hereof he hath 
good riglit full and absolute authority to grant Enifeof and 
Confirm the Same, in manner and form as above Expressed to the 
use aforesaid or to anv other use whatsoever without anv Con- 
dition matter or thing heretofore made or Created to any person 
or persons whatsoever to alter change Defeat Determine or make 
void the Same : But that the aforesaid Messuage Tract of Land 
and Lotts aforesaid with their and every of their appurtenances 
now are and so from time to time and at all Times forever here- 
after shall be, remain, and Continue to the uses intents and 
purposes aforesd, and to no other use Limitation or intent what- 
soever Clearly acquitted Exonorated and Discharged of all and 
all manner of former and other gifts, grants. Bargains, Sales 
Joyntures Dowrys Entailes charges troubles or incumbran- 
ces whatsoever. 

AxD Lastly that the said John Talbot his heirs and Assigns 
and all and every person or persons Claiming or to claim any 
Lawfull Estate Right Title or interest of in to or out of the 
hereby granted premises or any part or parcell thereof by from 
or under or in Trust for him or them shall and will from Time 
to time at all times hereafter upon the request and at the cost 



IN BURLINGTON. 185 

and charges in Law of the said Joseph "White and John Allen 
and their Successors Church AVardens of the Church aforesaid 
make do acknowledge and Execute or cause or procure to 
be made done acknowledged & executed all and every Such 
further and other Lawfull and reasonable acts matters and things 
Conveyances and assurances in Law whatsoever for the further 
better & more perfect assuring and Conveying of the premises 
hereby granted and Conveyed or meant menconed or intended 
so to be & every part and parcell thereof with their and every 
of their appurtenances unto the said Joseph White and John 
Allen and their Successors as afs<^ To the uses and intents 
aforesd according to the purport true intent and meaning of these 
presents, as by the said Joseph White and John Allen or their 
Successors or their or any of their Counsell Learned in the 
Law Shall be reasonably Devised or advised & required, So as 
the party or parties required to do and Execute the same be not 
Compelled or Compellable to go or Travell above Tenn miles 
from his or their places of abode for the making and Executing 
of such further assurances, and So as the same do not Contain 
or Extend unto any further warranty than against him the said 
John Talbot his Exec's or Assigns. 

'' Ix Testimony whereof the party first mentioned in this 
p'sent Indenture hath here unto Set his hand and Seal, this 
thirteenth day of July in y*^ Year of our Lord one Thousand 
Seven Hundred Twentv and ifour 1724 




[L. S.]t 



t Xo seal is now on this instrument. 



& 



186 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

" Signed Sealed and Delivered in the presence of us : 

" Tho' Hnnloke John Holbrooke 

" George Willis Rowland Ellis 

"Burlington July 13"^ 1724 Received of W Catherine 

Bovey the within mention'd Legacy of one hundred pounds as 

also of Mess""^ Joseph AVhite and John Allen the Sum of five 

shillings in full of y"^ Consideration money for the within 

granted Premises 

" pr John Talbot 

" Recorded in the Publick Records in y® Sec'rys Office at 
Burlington in Book H fol. 22'* &c. 

" Personally came before me John Allen Esq', one of the 
Judges of the Supreme Court for the province of New Jersey, 
Rowland Ellis one of the Evidences to the within written Deed, 
upon his Solemn Oath doth declare that he was present and Saw 
the within Grantor Sign & Seal the within lustrum' and Deliver 
the same as his own Act and Deed for the uses therein men- 
tioned and that he saw the other Subscribing AVitnesses write 
their names as Evidences thereto 

"Sworn the 24 of December 1745 

" Before me 

"Jn^: Allex." 



SOME OF THESE NONJURIXG CLERGYMEN PRETEND TO THE 



OFFICE OF BISHOPS. 

Sir William Keith to the Bishop of London. Extract. 

"Philadelphia, July 24, 1724. 
* * " It seems to me necessary further to acquaint your 
Lordship that the management of Christ Church in Phila'' is in 
the hands of a Yestry and the Churchwardens. '^' * I am 
for peace sake obliged to be passive in things which are both 
indecent and disorderly, such as suffering some of the Clergy- 
men to read prayers and preach without mentioning the King, 
Prince, and Royal Family according to the rubrick. * * 
It is confidently reported here that some of these nonjuring 
Clergymen pretend to the authority and office of Bishops in the 
Church which however they do not own and I believe will not 
dare to practice for I have publickly declared my resolution to 
prosecute with effect all those who either in doctrine or conver- 
sation shall attempt to debauch any of the people with schis- 
matical disloyal principles of that nature." * * 



IX BURLINGTON. 187 

FURTHER RAYING AGAIXST TALBOT AND WELTOX. 

A Letter without a signature f to Rev. Dr. Bray. 

"Cecil County in Maryland, July 29th, 1724. 

" Rev. Sir : 

" In a former I have acquainted you with my treatment at 
Philadelphia,! how villainously and barbarously I was supplanted 
by Mr. Talbot, who has been years at Burlington in the Jerseys, 
some time Itinerant with George Keith, and very famous for 
his disaffection to the Crown. Ever since the revolution he and 
one Smith a rigid took some pains to persuade me not 

to pray for the King and Royal Family, but to say as they did, 
only the King and Prince ('tis obvious whom they mean) and 
since I was not to be wrought on, I was by their contrivance very 
unhandsomely kicktout, and in order to proselyte that province 
he, the said Talbot, supplyed the place till some honest hearts 
addressed the Governour, and he ordered the Church doors to 
be shut up, but now set open again to your late neighbour Dr. 
Wei ton, who I hear is lately arrived there. If more such come 
of that kidney all the clergy both in and out of the Government 
will be corrupted, and the people all seduced from their allegi- 
ance to his Majesty — there will be no need of popish priests 
and Jesuits any longer — they who should oppose and resist will 
eifectually carry on and promote the Romish designs. I can't 
but wonder how my Lord Chancellor was induced to let Talbot 
when last in England have the interest of the late Archbishop 
Cant, his legacy towards sending a Bishop over into America, 
with assurance of having it for the future till one be appointed. 
I am now settled here in an easy parish well disposed people. 
I have a fine glebe and between 30 and 40,000 lbs. worth of 
tobacco yearly ; but I fear I shall receive none this year, that 
and corn all being burnt up with the excessive drought. I am 
with all humble respects, 

" Rev. Sir, Your, &c." 



t Undoubtedly from the Kev. John Urmston, as will appear from its corres- 
pondence with the letter he wrote in June preceding. See p. 177. 

X Peter Evans, in his " Memorial to the Bishop of London,'^ says of Mr. 
Urmston : " Ye misfortune that drove him from Carolina and other places still 
attended him, and his behaviour became such at Phila. as is not proper to be 
mensioned or allowed in any Sober Society which obliged ye Vestry to 
dismiss him." 



188 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

MR. TALBOT "NEVER WOULD TAKE THE OATHS TO THE KING." 

Gov. Burnet to the Bishop of London. Extract. 

" New York Aug 3d 1724. 

* * "I have no cause to complain of any of the Mis- 
sionaries in either of my Governments except M^ Talbot Mis- 
sionary at Burlington from the Society who never would take 
^ the Oaths to the King, and never prays for him by name in the 
Liturgy and yet as I am informed, he now enjoys Archbishop 
Tenisons bounty as oldest Missionary in America. It is true, 
he is seldom in Jersey when I happen to be there but avoids 
me, and goes to Philadelphia where he has always officiated in 
the same indecent manner, and has had the folly to confess to 
some who have published it, that he is a Bishop. * * 

"P. S. — I am informed that the present incumbent at Phila- 
delphia is D'' Welton formerly Rector of White Chapel." 



''a BISHOP IN BURLINGTON WOULD PROMOTE THE INTEREST 

OF THE CHURCH." 

Hev. Wm. Vesey to the Bishop of London. Extract. 

" New York August lO''^ 1724. 

* * " My Lord I humbly conceive that one Bishop 
subordinate to your Lordships authority sent over to govern the 
Church in the Continent of America and seated in Burlington 
(which is the centre) would very much promote the interest of 
the church and religion and the peace and prosperity of the 
Clergy." * 

MR. TALBOT "RETURNED FROM ENGLAND TWO YEARS AGO 

IN EPISCOPAL ORDERS." 

Mev. Mr. Henderson to the Bishop of London. Extract. 

" Maryland, August 16th, 1724. 

* * " Mr. Talbot, Minister of Burlington, returned 
from England about two years ago in Episcopal orders, though 
his orders till now of late have been kept as a great secret, and 
Dr. Welton is arrived there about six weeks ago, as I'm cred- 
ibly informed, in the same capacity, and the people of Philadel- 



IX BURLINGTON. 18S* 

phia are so fond of him tliat they will have him right or wrong 
for their minister. 

" I am much afraid these gentlemen will poison the people of 
that province. I cannot see what can prevent it but the speedv 
arrival of a Bishop there, one of the same order to confront them, 
for the people will rather take confirmation from them than have 
none at all, and by that means they'll hook them into the schism. 
" I am well assured they'll get no footing in this province, 
for I dare say his Majesty King George has not subjects any- 
where in his dominions more zealously attached to him than the 
Clergy and Protestant laity here, are. 

" I question not but your Lordship in your great wisdom will 
find out some expedient to prevent the ruin that threatens the 
Church in that province. I need say no more but to beg your 
Lordship's prayers for, 

" May it please your Lordship, 

" Your most dutiful son and 

" Most obedient humble servant, 

" Jacob Hendeesox." 

"the order of prayer daily through the year." 

J/r. Talbot to the Secretary. 

"Burlington, 7bris 7th, 1724. 
" Rev. Sir : 

" I have been here altogether this last half-year ; I preach 
once on Sunday morn, and Catechize or Homilize in the after- 
noon. I read the prayers of the Church, in the Church, decently, 
according to the order of Morning and Evening Prayer, dailv 
through the year, and that is more than is done in any Church 
that I know, apud Americanos. I bought a house and two or 
three lots of land, adjoining to the Church-yard, and since I came 
over last, I have settled by deed, upon St. Mary's Church at 
Burlington, a parsonage and glebe ; though there was neither 
Church, house, nor glebe, before I came, I hope there will be 
one now, for ever. I design to send the Society some account 
of the particulars of this in my next ; and this is more than any 
body has done before, that I know, of my own proper cost and 
charge ; so that I have been a good husband, to do this of my 
poverty, for I have no salary from the people. I had formerly 



190 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

i;20 per annum, when there was money, but now, here is neither 
money, credit, nor tobacco, nothing but a little paper coin, that 
is nothing but sorry rags, and we can hardly get them to pay 
the Clerk <£10, that is allowed him by the year. We are amongst 
a set of people called Quakers, who have denied the faith, and 
are worse than infidels; they serve no God but Mammon, and 
their own Bellies, and it is against their conscience to let the 
priest have anything, either by Law or Gospel. I have com- 
monly the Sacrament administered once a month, and at the 
great feasts two or three days together ; the number of Commu- 
nicants is uncertain, 20, 30, 40, or 50 persons. 

" There is no parochial library yet, for I never had any, from 
the Society, but I design to leave mine, and Mr. Thorogood 
Moore's, when I die, to that use ; meanwhile we want Common 
Prayer Books very much. If it please the Honourable Society, 
instead of £5, in small tracts, to let that money be laid out in 
Common Prayer Books, they would be of great nse to the people 
in all parls, who can't get them here for love or money. Those 
small tracts were but of small use, for they laid up and did no 
good, and not being bound, they soon perish in the using, for it 
costs more to bind books here, than to buy them in Britain. I 
shall say but one thing more at present, which I omitted when 
I was in England, for my money was short, or else I would 
have got some Bells, which we want here very much ; I. don't 
mean a Ring of Bells in a Steeple, for idle fellows to make a vain 
jangling, but one good bell in the Church, that the people may 
know when to come together to worship God. I pray for you 
all, as I hope you do for 

" Your most Humble Servant, 

" John Talbot." 

PARAGRAPHS OF URMSTON's LETTER SENT TO THE BISHOP 

OF LONDON. 

Mr. Stubbs to the Bishop of London. 

"Westmer, April 16, 1725. 
" My Lord : 

"In obedience to your Lordship's commands, just now laid 

upon me in the Cockpit, I dispatch as ordered by Sir J. Phillips, 

two paragraphs of a letter just come to hand, signed 'John 



IN BUELINGTOX. 191 

Urmston/ and dated 'Cecil County, in Maryland, 7 ber. 29th, 
1724;' 'P. S. Mr, Talbot did me no unkindness in causing 
me to be turned out of Philadelphia to make room for himself 
He convened all the clergy to meet, put on his robes and de- 
manded Episcopal obedience from them ; one Aviser than the 
rest refused, acquainted the Governor with the ill consequences 
thereof, the danger he would run of losing his Government, 
whereupon the Governor ordered the Church to be shut up.' 

" P. S. He is succeeded by Dr. Welton who makes a great 
noise amongst them by reason of his sufferings. He has brought 
with him to the value of £300 sterling in guns and fishing- 
tackle, with divers printed copies of his famous altar-piece at 
AVhite Chapel. He has added a scrowl with words proceeding 
out of the mouth of the Bishop of Peterborough to this effect, as 
I am told, ' I am not he that betrayed Christ, though as ready 
to do it as ever Judas was.' I have met him since in the streets, 
but had no further conversation with him. 

" Your Lordship's 
" Most dutiful 

"Philip Stubbs." 



DE. WELTOX, THE PHILADELPHIA VESTRY, AND GOVEPvXOR 

KEITH. 

Sir William Keith io the Secretary S. P. G. 

"May 13, 1725. 
"Sir: 

" The notice which the Society do me the honour to give by 
your letter of 15th January, concerning Dr. Wei ton's charac- 
ter, shall be duly regarded by using all the means that is in my 
power to prevent the mischief which they apprehend from the 
Doctor's residing in the Government. But so lone: as the 
Vestry here take upon them to be wholly independent on the 
Governor's authority, and that Clergymen may be indiiferently 
called without either a license from the Bishop or Induction 
here, I hope I cannot be accountable for irregularities of that 
nature untill I am better assisted with a proper authority ; and 
if I knew where to make application without giving offence, I 



192 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

think I have some reason to complain that the Church here i& 
so much neglected as that the Gov'ernor and those who are trulv 
■well affected to our Sovereign Lord King George and his Royal 
Family, cannot decently attend the publick Avorship. The 
Bishop of London very well knows my sentiments on this mat- 
ter, and I must entreat that you will be pleased to assure the 
Society that his JMajesty has not a servant in America who is 
more heartily disposed than I am to rectify abuses of this matter. 
" Sir, your most obedient Humble Servant, 

"^Y. Keith." 



ACTS OF JURISDICTION OVER MISSIONARIES BY MR. TALBOT, 

UNKNOWN. 

J/r. Talbot to the Bishop of London. 

" Burlingtou, July 2d, 1725. 
"May it Please Your Lordship: 

" I understand by letters from some friends in England that 
I am discharged the Society for Exercising Acts of Jurisdiction 
over my Brethren, the Missionaries, &c. This is very strange 
to me, for I knew nothing about it, nor any body else, in all the 
world. I could disprove it by 1,000 witnesses, but since there 
is one come home in the Richmond, Mrs. Alexander, relict of 
the Comptroller in Philadelphia, &c. (she has been many years 
a member of Christ Church,) she can give your Lordship the 
best account of the present state. As for myself, I shall not 
turn accuser of the Brethren, but this I will say, those that came 
last are not better than their fathers, and some of them have 
given occasion to a proverb of reproach, and been told to their 
laces, ' The Devil would have the Bishop of London for ordain- 
ing such fellows as you,' 

" This I take to be the most unpardonable sin, the iniquity of 
Eli's house, which the Lord said should not be purged with 
sacrifice nor oifering for ever, because his sons made themselves 
vile, and he restrained them not : But, my Lord, let them be 
who they will, or what they will, to their own master they 
stand or fall, I have nothing to do with them, nor ever had, nor 
ever will. I am clear of the blood of all men, and will so keep 



IN BURLINGTON. 193 

myself. Let them that have the watch look out : as your Lord- 
ship has done me the wroug, so I hope you will do me the right, 
upon better information, to let me be in statu quo, — for indeed I 
have suffered great wrong, for no offence or fault at all, that I 
know of, a long, long i^enance I have done, for crimes, alas ! to 
me unknown, but God has been with me, and made all things 
work together for my good ; meanwhile I hope your Lordship 
will hear the right, and do nothing rashly, but upon your 
authority, for the edification and not for the destruction of this 
poor Church apud Americanos, which has many adversaries, 
and none to help her. But this good Lady, Mrs. Alexander, if 
youi" Lordship please to give her audience, will give the best in- 
formation, and answer all objections that can be alleged against 
" Your most humble 

"And faithful servant, 

'•'J. Talbot." 

"out of quantum with the society." 
Mr-. Talbot to the Secretary. 

"Burlington, July 8th, 1725. 
'•' Eeverexd Sir: 

" Yours received March, ult,, that I am out of Quantum, with 
the Society, and also a Bill, protested since that, payable to Mr. 
Graham, of £30, value received; I heard nothing of this before 
our Lady Day last past, therefore I have drawn a bill for three 
quarters' salary for so long I was actually in their service at my 
jjroper cost and charge, in propagating the Gospel, and this is 
as much due to me, as any I have received from them. Sir, I 
desire the favour of yourself to lay the case before the Honour- 
able Board, and when they consider the thing as it is, they will 
please to pay that Bill to my worthy Friend, Mr. Thomas Torey, 
for I never knew any board discard their officers but they paid 
them for the time being in their service, and knew nothing of 
their will and pleasure to the contrarv. I remain, vour most 
humble and obliged servant, 

" JoHX Talbot." 



194 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 



THE WILL OF JEREMIAH BASS. 



t f 



" In the Name of God Amex '^ 

" I Jeremiah Bass of Burlington in the Province of New 
Jersey being at this time by the Good Providence of God of 
Sound mind and memory (Blessed be his Name for the 
Same) Considering Seriously the unceirtainty of this transitory 
life And those many Accidents that may disable me from setling 
that Estate that God in his mercy hath entrusted me with And 
being Sensible that in the time of Sickness and on A Death bed 
the most prepared person will have enough to doe to contem- 
plate the estate he is entring into in which his Portion of 
Joy or Sorrow must ceirtainely be adjudged to him without any 
Alteration to all Eternity. 

" J^ I doe therefore make and declare this to be my Last will 
and testament Revokeing and Disanulling all other or former 
wills by Me made & declared. J 

" Imprimus I Comit my Soule to God that Gave it and my 
body to be decently interred without any Pompf And I doe 
ernestly desire that Great Care may be taken to prevent all 
manner of Rudeness that mav be ocationed bv too much Stronir 
Liquor I And if there be any minister of Episcopall ordination 

f Besides the numerous offices and trusts already noticed as held by Mr. 
Bass, he was Governor of the " Province of East New Jersey," from 1698 
to 1700. Journall of the Governour arid Councill of the Province of East Neut' 
Jersey, pp. 196, 228. 

" Att a Councill held At Perth Amboy In the Countie of Middx: the 7tii 
day of Aprill Anno Dom 1698, Jeremiah Basse, Esqr produced to tliis board A 
Com'ission to bee Governour and Com'ander In CheefTe of tiiis Province of 
East New Jersey, given under the Scale of the sayd Province In London, & 
signed by the Proprietors there beariirg date the loth dav of July 1697." 

—Ibid, p. 190 

X " Att A Councill Held Att Perth Amboy the 8th of Aprill 1698, [the very 
next morning, at 8 o'clk, and the first business recorded] Agreed & ordered by 
this board that A proclamation bee Issued, for All Magistrates & other officers 
to put the Lawes In Executione strickly Against im'oderate drinking swearing 
& other vices & the breach of the sabbath day." Ibid, p. 197. 

Mr. Bass was appointed Attorney General by Gov. Hunter in 1719, which 
commission was renewed by Gov. Burnet, in 1721. He died in 1725. FiekV& 
Provincial Courts of New Jersey, p. 102. 



IX BURLINGTON. 195 

Reskleing in towne or easie to be had Let a funerall Sermoud 
be preached from the 19 Ch. Jbbe: 25 : 26 & 27. verses And 
the Psahns to be sung Part of the 103 from verse the 10"" to the 
end & the 90 Psalm after the New Translation Thus my desire 
is to be buried according to the Rites and Cerimonys of the best 
of Churches the Church of England of which I profess my Selfe 
an unworthy member And in whose Communion I desire to 
die. And altho my life may not in all things and at all times 
been correspondant to the Rules of so pure and holy A Religion 
Yet I trust my Sins shall be blotted out and my pardon Sealed 
through the alone merrits and mediation of ray blessed Lord 
AND Savior Jesus Christ who as Second person in the holy 
and undivided Trinity In the begining made the World And 
all those Glorious Orbs of Light that bespangle the firmament 
AVho in the fulness of time after as the Devine Logos he had in 
a more perculier manner Governed the Jewish Church tooke our 
nature upon him & was borne of the Virgin Mary and being 
crusified by Pontius Pilate he raised himselfe up from the Grave 
by his owne power And on his Assention into heaven Estab- 
lished for himselfe a Kingdome in this world (which Is his 
church) altogeather independant on the Civill Majestratc in 
matters purely Spirituall and Appointed his Apostles and their 
Successors the Bishops Preists and Deacons as his oflicers and 
ministers of that Kingdome which he will Support & maintaine 
against all Oposition till the end of the world and Finall Judge- 
ment And that this truth may be more promulgated and taughl 
My Will and desire is that fourty Shillings Sterling per Annum 
[be paid] to some honest and worthy minister of Episcopall 
ordination More perticulerly the Rector of the Church of S"" 
Marys in Burlington for the time being or if their Should be a 
Vacancy there and that Church Should not be Supplyed then 
to the minister of Christ Church in Philadelphia & their Suc- 
cessors for the preaching two sermonds anualy the one on Easter 
Sunday and the Other on White Sunday for the maintainance & 
illustration of this Great Truth And for the due and punctuall 
payment of this Legacy I Charge All my Reall Estate in the 
towne of Burlington : J 



196 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

" And as to my Teraporall Estate I will Devise and Direct 
that all my Debts wheresoever & whatsoever may with all pos- 
ible Expedition [be] duely and honestly paid and Satisfied by 
My Executrix hereinafter named And in order to Enable her to 
performe the Same I doe hereby Order will and Direct That if 
need be (As I am asured their will not be) all or any part of ray 
estate either Personall or Reall Except what Shall be hereafter 
Excepted be Sold and disposed of by my said Executrix by & 
with the Consent advice and Assistance of my Son in Law M'" 
Robert Talbot My daughter Anne Bass & Mr Andrew Hamil- 
ton of Philadelphia Giveing and hereby Granting unto my said 
Executrix by and with the Advise aforesaid or any two of them 
full power and authority to Sell and dispose of my said estate 
or any })art thereof Except as before Excepted and to Signe 
Scale and Execute full and absolute Conveyances for the Same 
As fully as I my Selfe now am enabled to doe. Always pro- 
vided that these Powers togeather with those as Executrix that 
she is hereby Invested with all Shall Continue So longe as She 
Shall Continue my Widdow And no longer it being my full 
intent That If She marry againe her husband Shall have Noth- 
ing to doe with any more of my Estate then w^hat I give to my 
Avife. And in that Case of my wifes marrage I appoint My 
Dauo'hters Katherin Talbot and Anne Bass and Mv Son 
Burchfeild Joynt Executors in the Place of my wife J 

" And my will further is that if my lands Or Reall Estate be 
left undisposed of in the Widdowhood of my wife that it be not 
Sold except for payment of any Debts that Shall Remaine 
unsatisfied but that It be devided into three parts One part 
Whereof I Give to mv wife durino; her Naturall life & the other 
two thirds or parts to be equaly devided betwixt My three 
children haveing in the Devition a Just Care to Substract so 
much out of JNIy Daughter Katherins Share as is in proportion 
to What She hath already Received Viz : The house & Lott in 
towne adjoyneing to that I live in & the fourty akers in the 
towne bounds & negro Bess And that there may be no contest 
about the said devition I will that my wife & each of my 
daughters & my son chuse each One person to See the devition 



IN BUELIXGTON. 197 

made & That when it Is clone It be put clowne in Lotts and 
Xumbred and drawne by any indiferent person. 

"And I also will that in the disposall of My Reall Estate it 
may be done in this Order first the Land Granted me by the 
Proprietors of the Easterne division of this province at Cran- 
bury brook and the Great Ponds The Remainder of my Lotts 
at Amboy Then the Lands Granted to Me by the proprietors of 
the Westerne division on Delawar River with that purchased of 
Andrew Heath : Then those at Coliansie and I would not liave 
the house I now live in or the Lotts or meadows in towne Sould 
but on the Greatest emero-encv and with Consent of mv wife 
and two daughters : 

"Item I will that my deare wife Elizabeth Bass wlio I 
hereby constitute and apoint my whole and sole Executrix 
during her Widdowhood and no longer have the posession of 
the house I Now live in with the Orchards Gardens and 
Meadows in towne & sutable furniture for the Said house as 
long as she Continues my Widdow but in case of Marriage to 
be disposed of as afore A"iz One third of the Reall Estate dureing 
her life & one third of the personall Estate for Ever: 

" Item I will that the Estate that I have disposed to My 
children be to them and tiieir heirs for Ever and in case any of 
them should die before a Devition be made I Will and bequeath 
their part of the Reall Estate to be equaly devided amongst the 
Surviors of two and if but one to him or her his or her lieirs 
or Assignes for Ever : 

"And in Case it should So happen that all My Children 
Should die without heirs Lawfully beggotten then My will and 
Mind Is that Such part of My Reall Estate as is remaineing be 
Given to Minister Church Wardens and Vestry of the Church 
of S' Marys in Burlington and to their Sucessors for and 
towards the Augmentation of the Liveing of the Rector of the 
said Church & the encoragement of Catechiseing every Wens- 
day and Fryday in Lent. 

"Item My desire Is that if it can well be Avoided My 
Library be not Sould but preserved for the use of My Son 
Buchfeild if he inclines to Learning & aplys himselfe to the 
Study and Pracise either of Divinity Law or Phisig but in 



198 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

case that his enclination doe not Lead him to Any of those 
Studys to be divided amongst my Children unless My Son Tal- 
bot shall incline to accept of at a Just Valine in Leiu of so much 
of Any other part of My Estate : Always provided that my wife 
and daughter Anne have the Privilidge of Choseing what they 
like out of the books of Divinity or history or Morality on the 
same termes : 

"In Testimony Whereof I have set my hand & affixed 
my Scale to this Will Contained in two leaves of Paper 
and Sealed on a peace of black Ribbau with My Coate 
of Arms & at the bottome of Each Sheet with my Name 
& Seale this twenty Sixth day of January in the Yeare of 
our Lord one thousand Seaveu hundred and twenty fourf 

J J J 

" J. Bass [l. s.] " 
" Signed Sealed Published and Declared by the within Jere- 
miah Bass the Testator to be his last Will in the presence of us 

"Sam^ Bustill 
"John Allen 
"Tho" Hunloke" 

" Pro : New Jersey 1 
"Coun't Burlington /' 

"This Nineth day of August Anno: Dom: 
One thousand Seven hundred and Twenty five personally came 
before me Samuel Bustill D : Surrogate and Ordinary of the 
AVestern Division of the Province of New Jersey duly commis- 
sioned and impowered for the proving of last Wills and Testa- 
ments &c : Thomas Hunloke Esq'' One of the Witnesses above 
subscribed to this within last AVill and Testament AVho on his 
solemn oaths which he took on the holy Evangelist of Almighty 
God Doth depose that he was })resent and saw the within named 
Jeremiah Bass sign and Seal and heard him publish pronounce 
and Declare the within written Instrument containing two sheets 
of paper to be his last Will and Testament and that at the same 
time the Testator \vas of sound mind and memory to the best of 
his knowledge and understanding, and that also at the same 
time, Samuel Bustill the Officer above named, and John Allen 

fThe penmanship of the original Will— from which this is minutely tran- 
scribed — is very handsome. 



IN BURLINGTON. 199 

Esq the other two subscribed witnesses were personally present 
and Signed their names as Witnesses to the within AYill in the 
presence of said Testator and also that he this Deponent at the 
Same time did sign his name as a witness to the within written 
will containing as aforesaid, in the presence of the Testator. 

"Tho^ Hunloke 
"' Sworn at Burlington 

" before me 
"Sam'Bustill, >S'fWT;^' 



Pro : New Jersey , 

ss. 



" Couu't Burlington 

(in 



} 

This Nineth day of August Anno : 
l>om : one thousand Seven hundred and twenty five personally 
appeared before me Samuel Bustill D : Surrogate and Ordinary 
of the Western Division of the province of New Jersey duly 
Commissioned and appointed M" Elizabeth Bass the Testatrix 
in the within Last Will and Testament named Mdio being Sworn 
upon tire holy Evangelist of Almighty God did declare that the 
WMthin w-riting containing two sheets of paper is the last Will 
and Testament of her late husband Jeremiah Bass Esq"" Deceased 
as far as she knows and believes and that she will well and truly 
perform the same by paying first the Debts and then the Lega- 
cies contained in the said Will so far forth as the Goods Chattels 
and Credits of the said Dece'^ will thereunto Extend and the 
Law charge And that she will make a True and perfect inventory 
and also Render a Just account when thereunto required 

*' Elizabeth Bass. 
" Sworn at Burlington 
" Before me 

" Sam Bustill D. Surrg*" 

THE EFFECTS OF THE LATE HOX. J. BASS. 

" A True & perfect Inventory of all & Singular The Goods 
*fc Chattels of Jeremiah Bass, Esq'" Late of Burlington in the 
Western Division of ye Province of New Jersey dec'* Exclusive 
■of ye Law Books & other ye Library of ye said Jeremiah Bass, 
Taken & appraised At Burlington in November in ye year of 
■our Lord one Thousand Seven hundred & Twenty five by the 
Appraisers whose names are To This Inventory & Appraise- 
ment Subscribed 



200 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 



Imp Cash & Apparel 



Item 
It 



It 

It. 

It. 



sc 

14., 



Plate 9 14.. 6.. 
Tea Spoons &c 



pwt gr 

11. 9 at 6 



lO.V 



IN THE GREAT PARLOUR. 



2 Oval Tallies &c Tea Table 

2 Great Pictures & 22 Small do 

A Clock 

A Looking Glass 

14 Chairs 

G Drinkins; Glasses 2 Decanters ^ 

A Sail 3 Tea potts 8 China Dislies V 

& Saucers one Earthen Disli J 

4 Cheney Basons 1 pr Candlesticks 

2 Sconces, 2 Babes Tea Cupps |^ 

Tumbler &c j 

1 pr Andirons & a fender a Cliimney ) 

Cloth / 



£40.. 10. — 

o9.. 19.. 9 
1.. :.. <> 



£ 3.. — .. — 

12" — " — 

o 

O.. — .. — 

3.. 12.. — 



10.. — £ 



1 Oval Table 
1 Large Picture 
6 Chairs 
5 Fowling Pieces 



IN THE HALL. 



£ .. 12 

3. — 
— 12.. 
5 — 



IN THE LITTLE PARLOUR. 



1 Dressing Table 4 Chairs a Couch ") 
1 Stand / 

1 Large Earthen Jarr 2 Small do 
1 Brass Shovel & Tongs 1 pr ) 
Andirons & fenders J 

1 Scruton 

1 Book frame 

17 Pictures 1 pr Hand Screws \ 
& Chiumey Cloth j 

2 Sconces 2 Looking Glasses \ 
& Earthen Cupps j 

A Clock 



4.. 



-.. 12., 

2.. 10.. 

2.. 

1.. 10. 



16. 



:o.. 



It. 1 Bed & furniture £ 7.. — ., 

1 Black Cabinett 5 Chairs 1 Close Stool 2.. — . 

9 Small Looking Glasses & 7 pictures 1.. 10., 



IN THE MIDDLE CHAMBER 

1 Bed & furniture & window Curtains 

1 Looking Glass 

8 Chairs 2 Stands 

1 Silver Watch 

4 Large Pictures 11 Small do 2 Mapps 

1 Cabinett 

2 Stools 1 pine Table 2 Sm Glasses — .. 15.. — 
8 China Cups 4 Saucers 2 Glass Cups — .. 5.. — 
1 Brass Shovel & Tongs 1 pair of "|^ 

Andirons I — .. 10.. — 



I. 

14.. 




1.. 


— „ — 


1.. 


10.. — 


3.. 


10.. — 


3.. 


— ., — 


10.. 


— .. — 



10... 1(1.. 



34.. 10. — 



IN BURLINGTON. 



2or 



THE GREAT CHAMBER. 



1 Bed & furniture 


7.. 


— .. 


— 




1 Small do 


4.. 


— .. 


— 




6 Chairs 1 Dressing Glass 


1.. 


5.. 


— 




6 Gilded Pictures 


2.. 


— .. 


— 




1 old iron hearth 


■ — .. 


i .. 


6 




15 Small pictures 8 old Prints 


1.. 


— .. 


— 




.3 Cups 2 Jarrs 1 Sullibub Cup \ 










1 Tea pott 1 pepper box ) 


— .. 


4.. 


— 




1 Pine Table & Table Cloth 


— .. 


6.. 


— 


16.. 2.. 6 


IN THE GARRET. 








4} dozen Diaper & Damask Napk : 


2.. 


14.. 


— 




5 Diaper Table Cloths 


2.. 


10.. 


— 




6 pr of Sheets 


4.! 


10.. 


— 




4 pr Pillow biers 


— . 


12.. 


— 


10.. 6.. 6 



12 Towels 

.3 Holland Table Cloths 

1 Bedd furniture 

1 Bottle Case 1 pole & lumber 

IN YE KITCHEN. 

16 Pewter dishes 4 Dozen Plates "| 

2 Pewter Rims 1 Cullender > 

1 Bason 1 Monteth J 

2 large brass kettles 
2 Small do 

2 Iron Potts 1 brass pott 1 bell ) 
Mettle Skillet J 



.. 12 



o.. 



pan 



It. 1 Teakettle 1 frying 
1 Jack 2 Spitts " 

pr brass Candlesticks 1 pr Snufiers 

1 pepper box 3 brass Candlesticks 

2 Warming pans a standing ] 



Candlesticks 



I 



pr Pottracks 



pr Andirons 

Gridiron 

Trebitts 1 pr Tongs & fire Shovel 

Bellows 
1 Small Still 1 Iron Chafien dish 
1 Tin Candlestick 1 flower box \ 
1 pepper box j 

1 Box Iron & lieaters 1 Dutch \ 

box iron J 

1 Tinn Water pott 1 Lignumvite \ 

Pestle & Mortar J 

Two Tables 1 Dog Trough 
4 Chairs 1 Stool 
1 Dozen of knives & forks \ 
1 Meet fork j 

1 Dripping Pan 7 Small \ 

Chaffen dishes J 

Indian Woman called Pegg 



6... 1/ 



10., 



4.. 


10.. — 




o.. — 


— . 


1.. — 


— 


6.. — 


o 


10.. — 


— .. 


10.. 


— .. 


13. — 




15. — 


1. 


10.. — 



12.. 6.. — 



8.. — 





6.. — 

10.. — 

3.. — 

8.. — 
— ."— 40. 14. 




30." 













£299. 12. 





1202 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

To some pen knives Buttons ] 

Seals & Sundry other | 

odd little Things in | 

2 Little Dra^vers J — 18.. — 

10 Case Bottles & 8 other ) 

Bottles. The Case Bottles V — .. 12.. — 

2 quarts each J 
8 Small Bottles at 2 1 .. 2.. — £1. 12. 



£301.. 4. 3 
appraised by us 

AsHER Clayton 

ThO : HUNLOKE 

^' Pro : New Jersey ss. \ 

j " Be it remembered That on this present 
Tenth day of June Anno Dom. one Thousand seven hundred & 
twenty seven personally came & appeared before Samuel Bustill 
D Register of ye Western Division of ye Province of New 
Jersey Asher Clayton & Thomas Hunloke Esq, the appraisers 
of ye within Inventory who on their Solemn Oath, which they 
took on ye Holy Evangelist of Almighty God do depose that 
ye Goods & Chattels in ye within Inventory Sett down & speci- 
fied are Appraised according to their True Respective valines 
according to the best of their judgmt & understanding & that 
they appraised all things That Came To Their view. 

"Sworn at Burlington "Asher Claytox 

" Coram me "Tho: Hunloke 

"Sam^ Bustill 
" D. Regr " 

"''Pro : New Jersey ss. 1 

J " Be it remembered that on This present 
Tenth day of June Anno Dom : 1727 p'sonally came & appraised 
before me Samuel Bustill D Register of ye Western Division of 
ye Province of New Jersey Elizabeth Bass Executrix of ye Last 
will & Testament of Jeremiah Bass Late of Burlington in the 
Western Division of ye Province of New Jersey Esq Dec'' wdio 
on her solemn oath which she took on ye holy Evangelist of 
Almighty God doth depose that ye within writing contains a 
true & perfect Inventory of all & singular ye goods & chattels 
&Q of ye said Dec'' so far forth as hath come to her knowledge 
or view or to ye possession or knowledge of any other p'son or 
p'sous for her use exclusive, of ye Law Books & other ye 
Library of ye said Dece'' 

" Sworn at Burlington " Elizabeth Bass. 

^' before me 

" Sam"-"- Bustill 
''D Regr:' 



IN BURLINGTON. 203 

ISrO MINISTER TO PERFORM DIVINE SERVICE. 

J/'" Ellis to the Secretary. Extract. 

" Burlington, Sept^ 21, 1725. 
^' Reverend Sir 

« I have nothing to add saving the poor Church here is 

destitute, here is no minister to perform divine service, neither 
have we had any these 5 or 6 month's, none has preached in the 
Church since M"" Talbot who was required to desist by his Ex- 
cellency the Governor of this Province, there is a pretty Church 
and a large congregation and great pity its they be left destitute 
and perish through Famine | of the word | and go astray like 
sheep without a Sheppard. I humbly beg pardon for this 
digression and leave to subscribe myself Reverend Sir 

" Your most humble &c 

" Rowland Ellis." 

the church doors daily shut up. 

The Churchwardens of Burlington to the Governor. 

" November 4th, 1725. 

" Since your Excellency has been pleased to order, that the 
Rev. Mr. Talbot should surcease officiating in this Church, it 
heartily grieves me to see the doors thereof daily shut up ; but 
we humbly beg leave to acknowledge your Excellency's favour, 
and repeated willingness to assist and join with us in this affair. 
The hurry of country business that would not admit of our 
members to meet together, prevented our addressing your Excel- 
lency sooner, but we crave leave to acquaint your Excellency, 
that as it is our unhappiness to be without a Minister, we humbly 
hope for your Excellency's flivourable countenance and good 
offices to obtain what is so expedient and necessary for the 
interest of our Holy Religion and the best of Churches, of which 
we acknowledge ourselves unworthy members. 
" We are, &c., 

" Rowland Ellis, and others." 



204 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

DR. WELTON COMMANDED UPOX HIS ALLEGIAXCE TO RETURN 

TO GREAT BRITAIN. 

Sir W/n. Keith to the Lord Bishop of London. 

'' Philadelphia, April 8th, 1726. 
" My Lord, 

" I am glad to acknowledge the great honour your Lordship t 
was pleased to do me by your Letter dated last June which I 
received some time ago, and am glad that by your Lordship's 
great care I can now answer it so effectually as to accjuaint you 
that I have by this conveyance returned an authentic Certificate 
into my Lord Townsend's office, of Dr. AVelton's having been 
duly served with his Majesty's Writ of Privy Seal, commanding 
him upon his allegiance to return to Great Britain forthwith ; 

f A letter, from the Rev. John Berriman of London, to the Rev. vSamuel 
Johnson, missionary in Connecticut, dated Feb. 17th, 1725, has the folloiving 
paragraph ; " We hear of two Nonjuring Bishops (Dr. Welton for one) who 
are gone into America ; and it is said the Bisliop of London will send one or 
more of a different stamp as an antidote against them. God Almighty prevent 
the bad effects of the one, and in his due time accomplish the other." li'jardi- 
leifs Life of Johnson, p. 55. 

"Your memorialist, as one of the [Philadelphia] Vestry, humbly begs leave 
to give your Lordship a true information of the said Vestry's conduct towards 
Dr. Welton, who at his arrival there, about June, 1724, was a stranger, and his 
coming altogether unknown to every of them. The circumstances of the Cliurch 
there being not a little melancholy at that time, for that being destitute of a 
Minister no Divine Service had been performed there for some months before, 
and a numerous congregation which if kej)t together were not only able but 
willing to raise a handsome support for a Missionary wliich was daily ex- 
pected from your Lordship. 

" But the Church doors being shut, it was evident the congregation v.ould 
soon dwindle, and be captivated among the many Dissenting Teachers in that 
growing city, and render them unable to perform their promises to your Lord- 
ship. To prevent which inconvenience several members of the Vestry met, 
and being well assured by some persons of the Doctor's acquaintance, that he 
was esteemed an orthodox minister, and it appearing by several English 
printed newspapers that the Doctor had there lately taken the oaths, and con- 
formed to the Government, but had been deprived of his living, several mem- 
bers of the Vestry asked the Doctor to officiate until such time as they were 
favoured with a Missionary from your Lordship, which he readily granted, 
and the Church doors were opened, and for that reason, and from the cliarac- 
ter of the Doctor's preaching, the congregation resorted to hear him. 

"Your memorialist hopes your Lordship will be induced to believe their 
zeal for the Church (and not for any mistaken principles of the Doctor's) was 
the true cause of their frequenting the Church. Your memorialist, from his 
knowledge of and acquaintance with the people there for twenty-two years 
past, does believe it a piece of injustice to insinuate them as disaffected to his 
Majesty, for your memorialist well knows that every member of the Vestry 
and all others of the congregation to whom it was tendered have conformed 
to the Laws, and given all the proofs of their Ijoyalty to his Majesty that is 
in their power. 



IN BURLINGTON. 205 

in pursuance of which Order, the Doctor did us the favour about 
4 weeks ago to depart for Europe by the way of Lisbon, so that 
I doubt not but your Lordship will now more easily find a way 
to supply this Church with a suitable Incumbent, and as the 
people's hopes are generally placed on your Lordship's pious 
care for that purpose, I am fully persuaded that any Gentleman 
M'ho comes over recommended by your Lordship will be hand- 
somely received. * * * 

" My Lord, Your Lordship's most 
" faithful & most devoted 
"humble Servant, 

"W. Keith." 

THE NOX-JUEORS DISAGREED AMONG THEMSELVES. 

Covimissai'if Wilkinson to the Bishop of London. Extract. 
" Chester River, in Queen Ann's County, 
" Maryland, June 15, 1726. 
" I understood Dr. Welton has left Philadelphia and is gone 
for Lisbon. t He and the rest of the non-jurors disagreed very 

"But for his and tlieir defence against the information of Sir William 
Iveitli, your memorialist begs leave (and he hopes in case of self-defence and 
.preservation he may be allowed) to observe to your Lordship that Sir William 
Keith has not been so liappy in his conduct, or sincere in his relations as to 
acquire undoubted credit, as appears from the following Paragraph (taken 
out of the Lords' proceedings against him for being concerned in the Scottisli 
conspiracy Anno 1703), viz. : ' It was declared by the Lords, spiritual and 
temporal, in Parliament assembled, that Mr. William Keith (upon his exami- 
nation by the Lords appointed to examine him by this House) hath prevari- 
cated with this House, and by his behaviour doth not seem an object worthy 
of his Majesty's mercy.' 

" Your memorialist humbly besfs leave to observe to your Lordship in vin- 
dication of himself and the said A'estry, that the said Sir William has for some 
years been elected member of the said \'estry, but taking upon him to overrule 
them, and entirely depriving them of the freedom justly due, he was left out 
of the "N'estry in the time of Mr. Yicary, the last settled Missionary amongst 
us from your Lordship's predecessors, which was about three years ago, and 
from that time seemed displeased with the Vestry, and withdrew his subscrip- 
tion from Mr. Vicary, to whom the Vestry shewed all due regard." Peter 
J^vans' Memorial. 

t " Lisbon, Aug. 31, 1726, N. S. 

'' <.)no AYilton a non-juring clergyman, who some time ago arrived here 
from Philadelphia, died of a droi)sy, refusing to commune with the English 
clergyman. 

" After his death among his things were found an episcopal seal which he 
had made use of in Pensilvania, whereas, he assumed & exercised privily & 



206 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

much among themselves, insomuch that they avoided one 
another's company. Mr. Talbot and Mr. Smith (who also 
diflPer very much in their sentiments of submission to our estab- 
lished Government) have been with us in Maryland. The}'^ 
behaved themselves very modestly, avoided talking very much, 
and resolved to submit quietly to the orders sent from England 
to prohibit their public officiating in any of the Churches, or to 
set up separate meetings. "f 

THE S. P. G. ALLOW THE REV. JOHN HOLBROOK TO RE^MOVE 

TO BURLIXGTON". 

3Ir. Holbrooke to the Secretary. Extract. 

" Salem New W. Jersey Sepf 28, 172G. 
" Reverend Sir 

" I received yours of March 15'^ 1725 wherein I am acquainted 
that the Honorable Society have allowed me to remove from 



by stealth the character & functions of a Bishop. This coming to the know- 
ledge of the Privy Council he was ordered home but came to Portugal. 

"N. B. [by Heai-ne.] This is the famous Dr. Welton, minister at White 
Chappel, who suffered much for his honesty (Jacobitism) & was, it seems, a 
Bishop, & is now removed from the malice of all his enemies." Reliqum 
Herniance, Vol. II, p. 257. 

f "The venerable prelate, who was so long our Presiding Bishop, [Rt. Rev 
Wm. White, D. D. of Pennsylvania] was accustomed to relate a story which he 
heard from-' his elder brethren, wlien he was but a youth. The story was 
this : A gentleman who had been ordained among the Congregationalists of 
New England, [Mr. Whittlesey of Connecticut, perhaps Waliingford, says 
The Churchman's Magazine, Vol. V, p. 40,] and who had officiated among 
them as a minister for many years, at length to the surprise of his friends, 
began to express doubts about the validity of liis ordination, and manifested 
no small trouble of mind on the subject. Suddenly about the time of the 
arrival of Talbot and Welton, he left home without declaring the place of liis 
destination or purpose of his journey. After an interval of a few weeks he 
returned, and gave no further information of his movements than that he liad 
been to some of the Southern Colonies : he also said on his return that he was 
now perfectly satisfied with his ordination, and from that day never manifested 
the least solicitude on the subject, but continued until he died to preach to his 
congregation. It was soon whispered by those whose curiosity here found 
materials for its exercise, that the minister had been on a visit to the non- 
juring bishops, and obtained ordination from one of them. He never said so ; 
but among Churchmen it was believed that such was the fact." Haivks' His- 
tory of the Church in Maryland, p. 185. 



IN BURLIXGTOX. • 207 

Salem t to Burlington for which Instance of their favor I re- 
turn my humble thanks But finding that the people of Burling- 
ton do not appear so desirous of a Missionary as the poor people 
among whom I am, do of ray continuance with them, I choose 
to continue among the people of Salem, though with the hazard 
of being troubled with the Autum sickness, and do humbly 
presume that the Society will allow and approve of it. Religion 
as professed by our Church indeed Sir makes but a poor figure 
in this and the neighbouring province which is in a manner 
eclipsed by quakerism ; the Missionary's in these Country's mav 
be said to be under the same conflict S' Paul was at Ephesus, 
and with respect to these in particular. I find that of M'^ Ditton 
true I vizt j that Christianity being now the same religion it 
was formerly there is the same Enmity in the world still against 
it as ever which would produce the very same effects it formerly 
did, if he who stills the raging Sea, and bridles the fury and 
madness of the people, did not set bounds to it by his wise all 
governing providence." 

IMPORTUNITIES IN FAVOUR OF MR. TALBOT. HE IS UNIVER- 
SALLY BELOVED. 

Rev. Archibald Cummings to the Bishop of London Extract. 

"Philadelphia, October 19th, 1726. 
" My Lord : 

" I have been here so short a time that all the account I can 
give of the place as yet is, that the soil and clime seem to be 
better and more regular than the temper of the people ; how- 
ever, I have been very well received by those of any note, and 
am in a particular manner obliged to Mr. Moore, our Collector ; 
he is a sober and pious man, and has all along endeavoured to 
support the Church, in opposition both to Welton's and the 
jirinciples of the other Schismaticks and Sectaries, which are 
indeed here very numerous. I hope in a little time, by proper 

f In the report of the S. P. G. for 172/5-6, we find that the Kev. Nathaniel 
Horwood was appointed to succeed Kev. Mr. Holbrook, at Salem, on the- 
latter's removal to BurlinKton. 



•208 • HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

and moderate methods, to cancel all the bad impressions the 
angry Doctor had given of his successor. Your Lordshij3 will 
observe by his favourite sermon, printed here, in Avhat a scurri- 
lous manner he falls foul upon all the Clergy of the present 
Establishment, charging the people that as they tendered their 
salvation not to receive but reject any that should be sent among 
them. He is now in Lisbon ; 'tis well if he ben't got into the 
, Convent. I ha'nt seen all the Clergy of this province as yet, 
but have heard a good character of them all. I have been 
importuned by numbers of people from Burlington and by 
some of this province to write to your Lordship in favour of 
Dr. Talbot ; they made me promise to mention him, otherwise 
I would not presume to do it. He is universally beloved, even 
by the Dissenters here, and has done a great deal of good. AVel- 
ton and he had differed and broke off correspondence, by reason 
of the rash chimerical projects of the former long before the 
Government took notice of them. If he were connived at and 
could be assisted bv the Societv (for I am told the old man's 
circumstances are very mean), he promises by his friends to be 
peaceable and easy, and to do all tlie good he can for the future." 



''the greatest advocate for the church that ever 

appeared ox this shore." 

2Lemorkd fo the S. P. G.,from Pennsylvania and New Jersey. 

[Without date, received Jan. 20th, 1726.] 
"' Sheweth : 

" That the melancholv circumstance of the Church of Eng- 
land in these Colonies, is a subject, we hope, worthy, not only 
your compassion, but tender regard, having not above one Min- 
ister to seven or eight Churches or Congregations, and we 
bemoan our case, when we behold so many Churches, lately 
built, lie as desolate around us, convincing arguments of our 
affection for the Church, and of our great misfortune in being 
destitute of pastors. When at the same time we daily see Dis- 
senters of all denominations, continually supplied, and increase. 



IN BURLINGTON. 209 

tlirough this, our misfortune, and upbraid us with this defect. 
It is, therefore, with the utmost concern, we express our unhap- 
piness, when we view our circumstances rather decline than 
flourish. In particular, that Mr. Talbot, who for nigh thirty 
years past, has behaved himself with indefatigable pains, and 
good success in his Ministry, among us, under your Honour's 
care, has by some late conduct (nowise privy to us), rendered 
himself disagreeable to his superiors and departed from us. ^Ve 
cannot, Avithout violence to the principles of our Religion, ap- 
prove of any acts, or give in to any measures inconsistent with 
our duty and Loyalty to his Majesty, whom God long preserve; 
yet in gratitude to this unhappy Gentleman, we humbly beg 
leave to say, that by his exemplary life and ministry, he has 
been the greatest advocate for the Church of England, by Law 
Established, that ever appeared on this shore. This unhappy 
accident, together with the death and removal of some other 
clergymen from us, has very much increased the cause of our 
complaint, and we have no other recourse but to your Honours 
for relief. Having well-grounded hopes, the same good spirit 
which prompted you to undertake the glorious work of propa- 
gating the Gospel in foreign parts will continue your pious re- 
gards to these Colonies, and the rather, since so many stately 
monuments are erected for God's service, testifying our sincere 
willingness to embrace your charitable assistance, and to answer 
the glorious ends you have in view. 

" Therefore, your petitioners most humbly beg your Honour- 
able Society will please to extend your wonted charity and 
necessary supply to the several Churches and Congregations, of 
which particular accounts are hereto annexed. 

" And your Petitioners, as in Duty bound, 
"Shall ever pray," &c. 
" Christ Church, Philadelphia. 

urt^ x> * ' r Churchioardens. 

" Robert Boltox, j 

" Thomas Law^rexce, Charles Read, ") Yestri/men 
" Thomas Fentox, Bexjamix Morgax, ! qj^^.i^/qj^J.^Ji 
" James Tuthill, Thomas Tresse, f pj^-i,^,i,iu^^ ' 

" Thomas Leech, James Bixgham, j ^ 

o 



210 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

" Thomas Polgreen, Thomas Chase, AVilliam Fraser, Robert 
Ashetoiij George Plamly, Arthur Oliver, Dauiel Harrison, John 
Brooks, Henry Dexter, John Orton, John Knowles, George 
Meal I, R. Asheton. 

" St. James' Church in New Bristol. 

"John Abraham Dexormandie, ^ ^7 , 
"F.Gaudouett, '{Church 

-JohnAllex, ^tcardens. 

" St. Mary's Church at Burlington. 

• " Rowland Ellis, 1 ^,7 i 7 

(I T^ ^.^^ T ^, J ■ tkurchicardens. 

"Jonathan Eovett, j 

" Peter Bard, Samuel Bustill, Richard Allison, James Gould, 
John Dagworthy, F. Bow€S, James Trent, Jacob Baillergeau, 
Edward R. Price, William Cutler, Thomas Fosgate, James 
Thompson, Anthony Elton, Simon Nightingale, Thomas Shreen, 
Thomas Hunloke, George Willis." 

the parish dispersed, and very cold. 
3Tr. Horwood to the S. P. G. Extract. 

"Burlington April 28, 1727. 
"My Lords and Gentlemen 

" May it please you to know * ^ that I * * 
got to Salem in January where I found M'' Holbrooke fixt cV- 
resolved to stay, what to do in a strange country I knew not but 
returning to Philadelphia, consulted with M'' Cumraings who 
* * thought it advisable to go to Burlington where M'' 
Holbrwok had been appointed. These movements I hope will 
not be displeasing to your Honors, since the only expedient 
thought left. If the Society in their great wisdom & goodness 
approve of the proceedings I shall always endeavour (by the 
grace assistance ct blessing of God) so to demean myself, in my 
sacred function and the gracious mission as may in some measure 
deserve their future favours & countenance in the meantime 
wait your further orders & commands. M'' Talbot is here. I 
found the church very much dispersed but shall spare no pains 
prayers or endeavours to reunite them. I found the Inhabi- 



IN BURLINGTON. 211 

tauts very cold having but very lately brought them to a small 
subscription, so that if the Honble Society shall in their good- 
ness think fit to continue the additional £10 per ann"^ which 
vou were pleased to order me when appointed for Salem, it 
would be very agreeable & most gratefully received or if your 
Honors shall think fit to remand me to Salem or otherwise it 
shall be most readily complied with. * * The Mis- 
sionary's Library would be a great assistance to the place. M' 
Talbot says he has none nor ever had only a Bible Common 
Prayer Book & a single Book of Homilies, so that the place 

is at present destitute of that advantage. 

" Your most Obed' & devoted 

" Nath'- HoravooD." 

DEATH OF THE REY. JOHN TALBOT. 

The "American Weekly Mercury,'' for Nov. 23-30, 1727, 
published in Philadelphia, has the following : " Philadelphia, 
November 30th, 1727. Yesterday, died at Burlington, the Rev- 
erend Mr. John Talbot, formerly Minister of that Place, who 
was a Pious good man, and much lamented." 

THE CHARACTER AND DEEDS OF JOHX TALBOT. 

After his consecration, as we have seen, M'' Talbot officiated, 
with Burlington as headquarters, for nearly two years before 
D'' AVelton — the other nonjuring bishop — arrived in America. 
What Episcopal acts, if any, either of them may have performed, 
is not definitively known. Welton was of such a different 
spirit from Talbot, that they soon "avoided one another's com- 
pany." The Government became alarmed at the existence, in 
the colonies, of an Episcopate independent of both the Church 
and State of the realm. Welton was " served with his Majesty's 
Writ of Privy Seal, commanding him upon his allegiance to 
return to Great Britain forthwith." Talbot was " discharged " 
the service of the S. P. G., and ordered, through the Governor, 
to " surcease officiating." Both obeyed, but not with the same 
submission. 

To one who reads thoughtfully the preceding pages, there can 
be no doubt, but that in receiving consecration in the way that 



212 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 



he did, M'' Talbot was actuated by the purest desire to advance 
the real interests of the Church. 

" In the history of the diocese of Ne\y Jersey," wrote the 
late Rev. Dr. Francis L. Hawks, many years ago, " M'' Talbot'* 
character and deeds will find a conspicuous place ; it is enough 
for our present purpose to remark, that the Society never had, 
at least in our view, a more honest, fearless and laborious 
missionary." t 

ST, Mary's church mixutely described. 
Mr. Honcood to the Secretary. Extract, 

"April 22°'^ 1728 
''Most Honor'd Sir 

"The Church of S' Mary's at Burlington, was built 

about the year 1703 by the privy contributions of the Parish 
and County adjoining with abundance of other pious, & goodly 
dispos'd Persons, among which the extraordinary zeal & liberality 
of Gov'" Nicholson, will always most gratefully be acknowledged 
by Burlington ; as to the materials of the Church, it is a fair 
fabrick erected of Brick, the dimensions 40 foot in Length, in 
Breadth 22, very decently seated, with regular Pews, below, 
and a fair Gallery above at the West end, Endowment as yet 
none, no Salary to the Minister, except some small subscriptions, 
which being very low, are readily enough subscribed, but with 
difficulty, if ever collected, there is a House belonging to the 
Minister with a little orchard, & small, {illegible in 3fS.^ belong- 
ing to it which M'^ Talbot, who is now dead, returned, & which I 
have not taken Possession of till further Orders from the Society. 

a 2Dd Xhe number of Inhabitants f rst frequenting the place 
was very small, it being a AYoody Country their Chief Employ 
tt business, was each to get a Little Spot of Land & to clear 



t In the new St. Mary's Church, on the North side of the sacrarium, in the 
double lancet ■window, on a band in the stained glass, is this inscription : 



IN MEMORIAM 

Hujus Ecclesice Fundatoris, 



Mev. lohannis Talbot, A. M. 
A. D. MDCCTII ►P 



IN BURLINGTON. 21 



o 



y 



it & to build a Little Cote & so in process of time associating 
together hath built a pleasant and regular Town but the main 
body of Town and Country adjoining are Quakers ; there being 
now not above 40 families belonging to the Church in the Town 
& thereabout, but they are Industrious in their respective Trade 
and occupation, but Philadelphia lying so near has swallowed 
up their Trade and commerce very much ; but still their Coun- 
try wants for Inhabitants, to make it a glorious Country. 

'''There is no other church within 14 or 15 Miles for the 
Inhabitants to resort unto, in the Winter also very difficult to 
attend by reason of rivers. 

" 3rd Q^-^ere are two meeting Houses (are seldom or never used) 
of Quakers of whom there are great numbers and have found 
great Encouragement from the Late Assemblies, there are few 
other Dissenters or Independants if any as to the Quakers Teach- 
ers their number is uncertain, there being more or less as they by 
their [illegible in 318.] think themselves inspired, they pretend 
(if to be Credited) no mainlainance allowed for them. 

" 4'^ There are two Schools, one settled by the pious and 
Hon"^^ Society kept by the Missionary M"" Rowland Ellis, a 
person of application iSz Industry & highly qualified for the 
Employ but the number of the Church Children being few in 
comparison of the Quakers (who in course give him no encour- 
agement) having set up a school of their own, is not so numer- 
ous as it could be wish'd. 

" 5*'' The Donations that have been made to the Church are 
a very handsome set of Plate for the Communion Table, by the 
late Queen Anne, of most pious memory & others, with decent 
furniture, by the said Queen for the Communion Table and 
Pulpit. The benefactions to the Minister and Schoolmaster is 
what Their Honors the pious and most Christian Society has 
been Graciously Pleas'd to settle, there is no Library (as I in- 
formed in my last to the Society, but since have found a Cata- 
logue in the Register Book of 197 Books signed a Catalogue of 
books, belonging to Burlington Library revis'd by M'' John 
Talbot Incumbent and Mich: Piper (formerly Schoolmaster) 
the 25"" of March 1719. Now these said Books I have made a 
<lemand it is not in M' Talbots own hand nor signed by him. 



214 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 



but in M'' Piper's, so that the Widow of INI' Talbot denies any 
such matter ; and therefore I know not what to do but shall wait 
the Directions of the Society in a matter of such Consequence. 

a gth xhere are no large Plantations here about, so that the 
Substance of the Inhabitants does consist in Negro Slaves but 
in trade, they keeping only White Servants generally, and they 
few that keep Negroes not above one to a Family who are per- 
suaded. Since my abode here to send them to Church on Sab- 
bath days and attend Instructions in order to their being 
baptized which that they may all in time come in and embrace 
Christianity shall be the Prayers and most constant endeavours 
of Your most Devoted Servant and Missionary 

" Nath"- Horwood." 



^ Since the preceding pages left the press, the MS. book^ 
mentioned in the Preface, as having been seen many years ago, 
has come lo light ; from which we give the following : 



^is\\\ 5 CO 6lovia: 



BURLINGTON CHURCH 
BOOKE 

Anno Dora : 

1702—1703— 

( Nathaniell Westland 
Mes""" I Hugh Huddy 

( Robert Wheeler 



Wardens. 



BENEFACTORS. 



1702 
Octobr 



His Excellency Coll : Nicholson Govr of 

Virginia 37 

More Sent by Coll : Quarye in dollers (5 

Moreby his Bill on Mr Basse 5. 



10 - 



48 10 



Octobr 



The Honble Sr Thomas Lawrence Secreta : 
of Mary Ld 



o. 



N^athaniell Westland '-^0 

Hugh Huddv -'() 

Robert Wheler.... -0 

Joseph Adams paid by Mr Bass -1 



11 — 



IX BURLINGTON. 



215 



1702 

Xbr 

1702 
^larcli 

1703 
March 

March 

May— 



iAIav— 
May— 
May 
June — 



July— 
22 Aug 



1704 
May 



1705 
Jany 25 



CHURCH BENEFACTOES. 

Nicholas Martmo allowed in work. 



Jacob Perkins Senr paid The : KendalL 
1 )rick lad 

Will : Fisher i)aid -Tho : Kendall lirick- 
layer i 

Mr John Talljott minister paid back what 
gi ven him 

Will : Fisher, paid by a bill on Kalphj 
Cogell Carter j 

Will : Fisher paid N : Westland to make lOi 
pounds 

William Bustin paid Nalh : Westland 

Daniell Sutton paid Xath : Westland 

John Hamell paid Eobt Wheeler 

Jacob Perkins Senr pd X: Westland more.. 

Abraham Hewlings forty shill : 

^lichaell Newljolt 

Eober t Person 

Robert Hickman 

Hugh Lowden Scotchman 



Samuell Oldale 30s 

Mary ] 
A collection at npning our church St Anne j 

- -V I- 
My Lord Cornljury our (lovr being | 

present ■. J 

John Scott a Merchant 

Thomas Brock to X: Martino Joyner 

William Hewlings 

Margarett Plunlock 

Daniell Leeds 



Abraham Hewlings more. 



Thomas Wood.. 
Andrew Smith.. 
James Bingham. 
Roger Parkes.... 

John Ward 

Henry Marley... 



6 


10 


4 


4 


3 




- 


10 


•) 


10 


1 


2 



11 14 

. > 

1 10 

10 — 



John Roberds 

George Willis 

Nicholas Jones by five pounds given in ye 
price of ye bell '• 



SUBSCRIPTION. 

The honrble Colin Richd Tngoldsby Lt 
govrr... 

[Signed] Rich : IngoJdesby 

paid Tho : Revell Esqr pr Mr Wheeler 

[Signed] Tho : Revell 

paid Jer : Bass Esqr 

[Signed] J. Bass 



10 
5 

] 37 



1-5 



30 


— 


20 


— 


20 






4 — — 



10 
10 





5 




— 


l2 


10 


.J 


— 




10 


10 


— 


1 


10 


5 


— 



216 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 







<£ 


s 


d 


Benefactors 


page 1 


135: 


1: 







page 2 


137: 


15: 


9 




page 5 


69: 


12: 


a 


Contributions, 


pages 


70: 


0: 






£412: 9 



1702 

Decembr 
5 

Xbr 19 

1703 

Marcli 

6 Aprill 
May 

June 



BENEFACTORS. 
ATT PHILADELPHIA INHABITAKTS & STRANGERS. 



James Lowring , 

Nich: Churchill 

Capt Eoach 

Thomas Tress 

Ealph Warckl 

Doctr Graham 

Benj : Godfrey 

Capt Jones 

Col 1 . Quarve 

Wm: Trent 

Jos : Carjjinter 

John Bewley 

Charles Read 

Doctr Wm Hall 

Mr Packston 

Tho: Pert 

Peter Paquenett 

Madam Tench 

Robert Grace 

Robt. Packe 

Leo : Loiftis 

Wm. Poole 

Mr. Myls Minister of Boston 



DISBURSEMENTS. 

Paid Nich : Martinio his first payment as "| 
by articles of agreement for Joyn : & > 
Carp: work j 

Paid by IS^ath : Westland & Robt. Wheler 1 
their two thirds of thirty thousand I 
good merchantable bricks to Hugh f 
Huddy J 

Paid Tho : Kendell bricklayer by Perkins 

&. Fisher | 10 

Paid Rich : Dell for draweing bricks & Sand 

Ralph Cogell Carter Reed: by his bill to 
W: Fisher 

By paid Nicholas Martino in Cash 

By paid W : & J : Hollinshead for church 
lott 

By Spent at Signeing deed with acknow- 
ledging 



1 

1 

3 

2 

1 
2 

1 
5 
5 
6 

\ 

11 
2 
1 
2 

3 
2 

1 
1 

1 

57 


18 

3 

10 

11 

2 


6 
6 


12 
69 


10 
12 




6 



50 




20 




10 
3 


10 

18 1 


3 

50 


1 


20 


— 


— 


4 



IN BURLINGTON. 



217 



Novbr 



By Paid Peter Dell the foundation stones... 

By paid Lime from Philad : 13 bush : 

By paid Lane and Cogell Carters to 5tli "j 

July as by Mr. Wheelers acct for y 

bricks, lime, stones, sand J 

Paid a Debt upon buriall grownd 

Paid for 58000 bricks 

Paid for bushels of lime 

Paid for this book 

Paid Thomas Kendell bricklayer 

Paid at raising the church roof. 

Paid Sundry Small disbursments 

Paid Mich: Martino his 3d payment 

Paid John Gilbert for lime & boat hire 

Paid John Rowland for bricks 

Paid Barnard Lane Cartige for lime, brick, 

sand 

Paid for Earth to Levell the church 

Pd Eichd fFennimore for his flatt, to lime 

& stone 

Paid Eichd Dell for church lock 



6 

1 


6 

7 


10 


15 


5 

58 


9 


— 


18 


3 


— 


50 
1 
1 


15 
10 

1 


3 


10 
15 


9 


7 
15 



10 



1702 
Octobr 
March 
May 

:May 
J\lay 
June 



NATHAXIELL WESTLAND DEBITT. 

To his Subscription mony ] 

To Eecd: of Mr. Talbott minister 

To Reed : of "Wm. iisher to make upp 10 

pounds 

To Eecd: of Wm. Bustill— Cash 

To Eecd: of Dauiell Sutton — Cash 

To Eecd: of Jacob Perkins Senior Cash 

To Eecd: Samuell Oldale 

To Eecd : in beef of William Budd 

To Eecd : of Thomas Midleton for burying 



grownd , 



To Eecd : Doctor Eoberds.. 



1704 — 4ih June — By a Collection at church. 



1702 
Decembr 
5 



29 
(■> A prill 
Mav 



Jan'y the 17th due to N W £17-9-6 which 
sum was pd him "t?* Mr. Eobt. Wheeler 



To Received of Mr. Miles Minister of 
Boston 



CONTRA CREDITT 

By this book vallewd att 

By his 3d part of 50.5 to Nich : Martino 1 

to make upp the first paymt of 50 r 

pounds j 

By his 3d part of 30000 good bricks paid ) 

to Hugh Huddy / 

By paid Eich : Dell for draweing bricks & 

Sand 

By paid John Hollinshead in part of 

Church Lott 



00 



16 



10 — 




18 



10 



218 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 



June 



19 Julv 



1704 

Aprill 
10 May- 
June — 



17 Xovbr 



1702 
Octobr 



1703 

22 Aug. 



1704 
3 Sept- 



10 Sept 
24 Sept 



By paid Nich : Martino in Cash 11 

By paid Nich : Martino to make upp "| 

£15 by Doctor Eoberts 48s Pr [ is 4 

Eesnire 32s j 

By paid Thomas Kendell as by book 9 

By Sondry Small disbursments — 

By buriall grownd in Debt to him 1 

By Charg of H Hd lime, watredg, Cowpredg, 

Cartage | — 

By a great book to Regester, Mariag : Chris : 

burialls ' — 

By heading a hogshead of lime & hoop — 

By paid Dan: Smiths man 4 Bush : hare... — 

By paid Tho : Kendell as by my book 4 

By paid John Wethrall two bushels of hare — 

By Spent on Rich ISIurry here ife Philad:...[ — 

By 2 gall : linseed oyle, Murry, flenimore, 2 

6 lbs Spanish brown — 

2 lbs Red Leade — 

Paid on Richard Murry the painter his 

acct. to the Smith — 

Paid Xich : Martino for J ovners work 1 



16 
12 

2 

5 

18 

4 



By Cash paid Hugh Huddy 

By Cash paid Mr. Wheeler 

By A Bosse 

By a Quietus on Joseph Addams Estate... 
By Due on Acct which is upon Ballance.. 



HUGH HUDDY DEBITT. 

To his Subscription mony 

To mrs Margaret Hunlocks Subscription... 

To buriall ground Subscription 

To Cash Reed : of Nath : Westland 

To Cash Reed: of Robt Wheeler 

To Cash of Robt Hickman ., 

To Reed : of Hugh Lowdon 

To Cash gatherd at opning the church my ) 

Lord Cornbury was present / 

To Cash Reed of John Scott 

To Received of mr Wheelers buriall ground 

Subscription 

To Cash of Thomas Peache — not in sub 

To Cash by Cider of .John Tonikins... 

To 5 bush wheat for Edmon Stuart 

To wheat of Robert Eaton wallew 

To Cash Reed: of Dr Hall 

To more Cash Reed : of Dr Hall 

To Cash of Govr Nicholson 

To Cash Reed : by a collecton at church 



To Cash Reed: by a collection at church 

To Cash by a Collection 

To Mrs Mary Hunlock's Subscription 



£ 

20 
5 
1 

10 

10 
5 
2 

11 



— 10 



2 
5 

r> 

4 

2 

10 



10 

14 



61 


19 


la 


05 


10 


6 


02 


12 


6 


01 


2 


6 


00 


15 


00 


02 


9 


6 



10 
d 




149 . 15 



IN BURLINGTON. 



219 



fiebry 14th 
18 



1702 
Decembr 
5 — 



1702 
Octobr 



Jan'rv the 17th due to H H £31—3—4 

To Cash more of Tho : Peachee ' 01 



To Cash of mr Wheeler 28 

To Cash of Nalh : Westland ._,..] 6 

To Casli when the Sacrament was admin- 

istred 4 



£ s cJ 
The Ballance being 8 : 10 4 
carved over to folio 29 



10 
10 

04 



190 ! 00 



182 



008 ! 10 



- By 



CONTRA CREDITT. 



his 3d part of 50s to Nich : Martino 



no\ ' 
£../ 



ou pan oi oyjs 

to make npp the first paymt of 50 
By paid to Mr Revell the biuiall ground 

acct 

By Spent on Peter Dell 

By paid Tho Kendell brick laver.. 

By paid for lime as by Receipt 

By paid N : Martino the Carpinter 

By paid for 42100 bricks , 

By Spent at raiseing the church roof 

By 16000 bricks more 

By piaid "Will : fiennimore on Kendells acct 

By paid John Fisher on Kendell.s acct 

By paid Tho : Kendell 

By nailes &ct 

By Recording the Deed of church Lott 

By paid Cogell Carter for 6 Load Sand 

By two load bricks from water side 

By carting 8000 bricks from the kill 

By Cash paid the Lime man 

By^ hinges paid for mr ]\Lartino 221t) at 14(/ 

By" Cash paid mr Wheeler 

Bv Cash Pd Sam: Kimbell for 4000 laths.. 

Bv 9000 navies for the Plaistrer 

By 3000 bricks more 

By paid Shatterwaits fei-riedg to Philad 

Bv 14tlj nayles at 18cZ a pownd 

By spent on Rich : Murry Sundry times 

By paid the Lime man by Dr Hall 

By paid for lime in town & cash 12s in all 



22 
14 
20 

42 

16 
o 



2 
2 
1 

13 
2 

2 



164 



ROBERT AVHELER DEBITT. 

To his Subscription mony 

To Received of Abraham Hewlings. 
To Reed : of John Hamell 



£ 

20 
2 
5 








9 9 



IG 


8 


7 


^.^ 


6 


— 


9 


4 


3 


4 


2 


, 


7 


4 


10 


— 


18 


■ — ■ 


1 


— 


13 


4 


() 


— 


6 


— 


12 


— 


3 


— 


8 


— 


5 


S 


18 


5 


16 


8 


14 


— 


<■-> 




1 


— 


9 


— 


10 


p- 
i 


15 


4 








By Intrest due for fifty^ pownds 4 j — i — 

By jiaid N Martino.. 4 

By paid for lime.. 6 

By pd ffenimore 5s 25 B: lime 2 



11 




180 18 1 09 



d 



1220 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 



1702 
Octobr 



170-4 
8 Sept: 



£ 

To Eecd: of Michaell Xewbolt ; 4 

To Eecd : for 70 bricks & 2 bush ; lime \ 

To Reed : of Robert Peerson 3 

To his Subscription to buriall grownd 1 

To liis Receiving of William Hewlings 10 

To Reed : of Abraham Hewlings ■ 1 

To Reed : Daniell Leeds 7 

To Reed: of Thomas Wood 2 

To Reed: of Andrew Smith 2 

To Reed : of James Bingham 5 

To Reed : of Roger Parks 

To Reed: of Doctor Hall 

To Reed: of Hugh Huddv 

To Reed : of John Ward.' 10 

To Reed : of Henry Marley 

To Reed: of Doctor Cox Junr 

To Reed: Abraham Browne Senr 

To Will: Budd Senr Reed : 

To Reed : Danll Leeds 

To Reed: Josh: Newbolt 

To Reed: John Longstaff. 

To Reed: for lime 

Due to Mr Wheeler for Ballance 



Posted to folio the 29th 

By omission in a former acct ") 

Due from Mr Wheeler... j 

to compleat the 50£ bond 



£ .s 
4: 0; 



d 
6 



10 



2 


10 


— 


9 


9 


— 


13 


18 


— 


10 


— 


— 


1 


10 


— 


7 


19 


3 




— 


— 


1 


16 


6 


3 


— 


— 


4 


— 


— 


1 


5 


— 





1 


3 


27 


6 


3 



147 16 



1702 
Decembr 

5— 
Xber 19 

May 



June 



CONTBA CRKDITT. 

By his 3d part of 50s to Nich : Martino \ 
to make upp the first paymt of 50£... j 

By his 3d part of 30000 good bricks paid | 
to Hugh Huddy...." j 

By paid John Hollinshead for church Lott 

By spent at Signeing deed & acknowledge- 



By paid Peter Dell for the foundation stones 
By spent in drink Sondry times on the men 
By paid Darby Green for 13 bush : of lime \ 

hogshead & charg from Phihidelpbia j 
By paid Ralph Cogeli Cartege for bricks, \ 

lime stones & Sand j 

By paid Barnard Lane Cart eg for bricks \ 

lime, stones & sand / 

By Nicholas Martino part of his 2d paymt 
By his payeing Mr Huddy his buriall grownd 

Subscription 

By Thomas Kendell paid 

By paid John Gilbert for lime & boat hire.. 
By John Rowland for bricks — paid him.... 
By paid Barnt Lane haling bricks, lime & 

Sand 

By paid 5 days work for Earth throwing to 

Le veil church 



£ 


s 


00 


16 


10 





10 


— 




4 





— 1 


— 


10 


1 


7 


1 3 


02 


i 7 


12 


15 


— 


1 


, 


11 


17 


1 


15 


1 


10 


o 
O 


10 





15 



6 
6 
6 



11 
10 



IN BURLINGTON. 



221 



1702 
June 



1703 I 
22 Aug j 

1704 \ 
4 June J 

3 Sept— 
10 Sept :- 
24 Sept : 
IS febr— 



By Eichard ffenniniore bringing stones & 

lime 

By paid Nicholas Martinoliis 3d payment..! 
Bv paid Kichard Dell for the Church Lock 
By paid B: Lane & Cogell Cartag lime 

bricks lunie 

Baglv & Hill boatng for lime 

Rumsy 221 days Fisher 7 days work 

paid at Philad : 10 Bush : lime 

paid Peter ffretwell for hare 

paid a Cowper heading & hooping cask 

paid Tho: Eaper the Smith 12 window 

barrs 

paid for a laborer two days 

Paid Samuell Terret Smith for 

Casement 

Irons for the Sun dyall 

Hooks, hinges, Staple for Bellfrye door 



jreat 



COLLECTIONS AT CHUECH. 

aCollection atopneing Burlington Clmrch ^ 
when my Lord Cornbury our Govr >■ 
was present / 

aCollection on Whit Sunday at the Ad- ^ 
ministring the Holy Sacrement af |- 
the Lords Supper J 

a Collection at church Reed : of Mr Huddy., 

a Collection Reed, by Mr Huddy 

a Collection Reed, by Mr Huddy 

a Collection on shrove Sunday at the Ad- ^ 
ministring the holy Sacrament Reed. V 
by Mr Huddy J 



9 

48 



147 



7 

10 
15 

12 
15 
12 
16 
8 
3 

14 

I 

16 

8 



16 



8 
6 
4 



6 

4 



1 

11 


14 


2 


16 


4 


12 


5 


17 


o 


18 



22 Aug 
4 June 



OF WHICH DISBURSED. 

Mr Hugh Huddy had the first being.... _ j 11 [ 

Nath : AVestland laid out for bread & wine..] — | 

N. Westland paid the Sexton John Eumsye — , 



s 
14 

2 
6 



d 



1704-5 



EOBEBT WHEELER IS DR. 

To soemuch reed of Abraham Hulings 

To soe much reed of John Bartley 

To so much of Judg Mompesson %• the hand 
ofmr Tolbot 



To Cash reed of James Bingham for his 

ilriend 

To Cash of ye Widdoe Langstaft^ 

To Cash of Joseph White \ 03 

To Cash ofmr George Booth %> mr Tolbut 
To Cash of Colin Nickollson ^ Jer : Bass 



esqr 

Kects on acct of ve bell vit. 



00 


15 


02 


02 


05 


00 

17 


07 


02 


00 


i 03 


15 


03 


00 


02 


00 


05 


00 

i 










222 

1704-5 



Mav 27tli 
170o 



Decembr 
2oth 



Janrv 
25 



Mav 20th 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

£ 

ToCasliDanll Leed | 001 

To Cash of Jos : Newbold [ 001 

To Cash of James Croftte ' 000 

ToCashofWmBustill ' 000 

To Cash of Danll Sutton 000 

ToCashof Abra:Hewlinos 000 

ToCashofMichllNewbold ' 000 

To Cash of Eobt. Wheeler 001 

£04: 15: 00 



s d 

00 ! 00 



00 


00 


06 


00 


10 


00 


05 


00 



04 1 00 
10 I 00 
00 ' 00 



28 



To Cash of JohnHamill oth 05 

To Cash of Win Revoll being Moneys Lent 100 



07 1 00 
00 ' 00 
00 00 



To Cash at A Comunion 

To Cash of George Gleave Junr by Mr 
Kevell » 

To my pari of the pew 

To Casli Reed at A Comnnion 

To Eecd of George Wills moneys wch | 
he reed of Severell people on the Acct [ 
of the Bell J 



To Received '^ George Willis Subscription 
To Cash i-ecd of Mr Westland 



To Cash reed of Tho : Revell esqr. 



006 04 



010 
003 
002 



00 
00 
00 




00 


6 



001 08 



155 

010 
02 



168 
20 



19 


'5 


00 





12 


t) 


12 





00 






To Cash reed of Abra : Ilewlings 

To Cash for W Eustele & Ab Hulings seat.. 

To Cash for Daniel Leeds liisseat 

To Cash to make upp £50 bond page 24 



188 


12 


001 


00 


03 


10 


03 


10 


4 


— 



PER CONTRA IS CREDITOR. 



By 21b.} Nailes : 

By 6s 10 paid to Ralph Cougili for Loom and 

Wood 

By 6/ 10s paid Nicholas Martenew for 

Avork 

By 1^ 17s 6d paid for Lime 

By 5s Pd Seth Hill for bringing up of Lime 

Bv somuch folio the 24th 








By disbursmts on acct of a bell... 
By moneys pd Thomas Kendell. 



6 


10 


1 


17 





5 


27 


6 


36 


8 


13 


12 


11 


00 



By paid Thomas Kendall for Plaistering.. 

By paid Mr Hugh Huddy 

By paid Jonathan Lovett for Girtweb 

By paid Tliomas Clerk for Burning posts. 



61 , 01 

00 ! 03 

13 I OS 

00 04 

00 04 







6 



I 200 i 12 I 6 



d 
10 

10 



6 





o 

11 



04 
08 
10 
00 
06 



IX BURLIXGTOX, 



223 



By paid Thomas Clerk for making the gates 
By paid Bernard Lane for hailing Timber.. 

By paid Nicholas Martinew 

By paid for A Staple and Lock for the gate 
By paid James Sliatterthwait for Glassing.. 
By paid James Allen for fetching Stones... 
Bv paid for a hhd of Lime and Other Charges 

By 48fl) of Spikes and 5311-) ofNailes 

By paid the Labourers to Serve Thomas 

Kendall 

By paid John Smith ffor Leather for the 

Bell 

By paid Bernard Lane for 150 of Bricks \ 

and hailing Timber and stones j 

By paid Margarett Clark for 2 Cushins 

By paid for ()yle and Collers 

By paid John Woolston for Ceader Boards.. 

By paid for the Bell Eoape 

By paid John Doson for fetching stones 

By paid Seth Hill for fetching stones 

By paid Tho : Raper for Iron 

By paid Samll Territtfor Iron 

By paid "Will the Sawyer for Sawing. 

By paid Nordick ye Ingeneer 

By pd Thomas Clark for being Clark 

By pd a Man for Sawing one Day 

deduct 27 : 6 : 3 above 

HUGH HUDDY IS DK, 



& 


s 


00 


16 


01 


15 


41 


15 


00 


03 


05 


IS 


00 


14 


01 


10 


05 


05 


00 


18 


00 


04 


05 


13 


01 


00 


00 


09 


04 


00 


00 


07 


01 


02 


00 


12 


03 


14 


21 


01 


08 


19 


18 


11 


03 


00 


00 


04 

16 i 


202 



00 
04 
00 
09 
00 
06 
00 

00 

00 

00 
00 
02 
00 
10 
00 
00 
00 
04 
08 
02 
00 
00 

11 



1705 
June 2d 



Xovhr 4th 
1705 



To soe much in folio the 23rd 

To Cash reed of Thomas Kevell esqr on 

acct of ve Bell 

To Cash of Geo: Willis 

ToCashofWniBavlev 

To Cash of Tho: Peechee 

To Cash of Eichd Dell. 

To Cash of Hugh Huddy 

To Cash of Captn Allison 



Apll ye 8th To Cash reed at a Sacramt. 



To Cash of mr Westland on acct of ye Bell 001 



To Cash reed at a Collection May the 20th 
■when my Lord Mas here 

To Cash of mr Eobt Wheeler ;.. 

To Cash received at Comunion 

To my halfe to the pew ? 



; 008 


10 


001 


00 


000 


10 


000 


06 


000 


05 


000 


06 


001 


00 


000 


10 


12 


07 


03 


12 


001 


00 


16 


19 


03 


05 

04 


20 


13 


08 


33 


13 


003 


12 


003 


00 











4 
5 



9 

2 



11 

10 



9 

5 

00 



224 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 



Novbr 4th 
1705 



Janrv 14th 
1705-6 



Janry 27th 
Mrch 24 

June 28 



1704 
July 18th 



1705 



To cash Kecd of Jolin Ward Supscription 
to the Bell 

To cash Reed of Samll Terrett Subscription 
to the Bell 



To cash reed of Jer: Bass esqr in pt of his 

bond 

To cash Received of Nathaniell Westland 



£ 


s 


000 


10 


000 


05 


007 


07 



012 i 16 



esqr . 



To cash Received of Madm Hamilton for 
her half part of the North East Cor- 
ner Pew 

To cash received at ve Comunion 



05 
03 



10 
00 



02 02 



To cash reed at ye Comunion 

To cash to receive of Geo: Roscarrick. 



To cash reed of rar Bass on bond wth 
Interest I 



Ballance due this 3d Aug : 1706. 



'^ COKTRA IS CREDITOR. 

To cash pd towards the Bell 

To cash pd Dr Hall for lixeing Sd Bell 

"^ac 

To 22ft) nayles pd Samll Kemble abt ye 

fenceing 

To 12£ cash pd Samll Kemble for fence- 



49 



To 13ftj?, nayles more to Kemble , 

To cash pd Kemble more as ^ his bill 

To navies to Tho : Clark abt the gate 2ft).. 



CEEDITER. 

To cash pd Bernard Lane for 300 of\ 
Bricks & haleing J 

To moneys spent at the Reiseing of the 
Tower 

To 500 of bricks and hailing 

To Cash paid Samll Territt 

To Cash paid ISi^ordick ye Ingeneer 

To Cash paid Negroe Sawyer 

To CasU paid Thomas Clerk 3£ 

To pd for hailing A Logg to the Church,... 



d 
00 




8 
6 


8 



30 


17 


3 


03 


02 





01 


10 





35 


09 


3 


09 


09 


4 


44 


18 


i 


4 


3 


8 



16 


O 


02 


2 


01 


9 


12 


00 
15 


31 


00 


18 


00 


18 


00 


02 
13 


33 



OS 
00 
04 
00 



00 
00 
01 

08 



000 


08 


000 


12 


000 


13 


005 


04 


015 


00 


005 


17 


003 


00 


000 


03 



09 



10 

08 
00 
05 
11 
05 
00 
00 



IX BURLINGTON, 



22/i 



1705 



Janrv 16 



Menul 



£ 

To cash paid Obediah Jerton 002 

To Sundry Exi)ences 000 

To Eope?? and Blocks New 

To casli pd John "Ward for his fflatt lialeing 

stones .". 000 



.s- 

12 
10 



d 
0(5 

00 



]o 00 



, 034 

To the Tower 21h Nailes 2.s Grf 000 

To paid for Wasiiing the Snrples 00 

To cash paid Tiio: Clark 40 | 8 being in 1 

full of his to this Ester / 1 02 

To pd nir Martinew ' 04 



17 
9 





11 



i 42 i 14 

To pd for Bred & AVine 00 08 

To 5 galls of Tarr & 1 Cagg for ! 00 ! 10 

To cash pd mr Martinew 04 12 



£47 
To cash paid Eichd flrancis 1 

49 



Oo 01 
17: 2 



BURLINGTON AUGUST THE GtH 170G. 



Then by examination of this Book 

wee finde due to Hugh Huddy sum of. 

Avee tinde due to Kobert AVheeler 

Avee finde due to Eobert Wheeler on bond 1 
the 100£ a fifty pounds borrowed to ye use of - 

due to mr ye Church J 

Kevill is wee find due to Thomas Eevell esqr on | 
paid by mr bond one hundred pounds borrowed > 
Wheeler to ye use of ye Church j 

Soe we find ye Church Idebted 237 

Testifyed by us Tho : Eevell \ j^ ^^ ^,.^^^.^^,^^ 
Daniel Leeds j 
Nathll Westland 
Robert Wheeler 
Hu Huddy. 

Memd one years Interest of ye above sd bonds to 

mr Wheler and mr Eevell is pd 



9 
6 
G 



10 

07 
00 
00 
OG 



47 Oo 01 



£ 
004 

083 


s 

3 

13 


d 
8 
2 


050 


00 





100 


00 


00 


237 


IG 


10 



TO THE CHURCH — ROBERT WHEELER DEBET. 



1708 

Bass & Wheeler 
Wheeler & 
hulings 
Wheeler 
& Wilis 



To ye over plosh of Colecksion Last year... 

To ye over plosh of ye Last years accont.... 

To ye over plosh of ye La«t years accont.... 

Reed William Budd & Abraham Hulings ) 
by the ballance of there account 1710 ) 

William Budd & Abraham Huliings by ^ 
the ballance of tlieir Account paid to Y 
mr Eobert Wheeler 1711 j 

Mr Eobert Wheeler & George Willis by 
ballance of there Account 1712 



06 


09 


3 


21 


11 


12 


77 


10 


10 



62 04 ! 8 



26 



19 
19 




03 



226 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 



MR. ROBERT WHEELER IS CREDITOR. 

By Soe much in folio 29 202 ' IG 

By paid Tho : Kendall for 6 davs & half) | 

work Abt the Tower '. / 001 j 19 

By Sundry Expenses with the Work men... 000 10 
By Cash paid Obediah Jerton and AVm. ^ \ 

AVhite for Sawing Weather bords for )■ j 003 j 16 

the Tower J 

By Cash paid Thomas Scattergood for l , 

two Loggs to be Sawn into Wether >■ 001 ' 04 



bord 



s 



£255 

by more cash pd N Martino 005 

by 25 pound nayls for the Tower 01 

by a spring lock for the Tower door 00 

by paid for the funt 08 

by jxaid Richard flrancis 13 



' 284 
Page 28 Mr. Wheeler is Debitt 200 



00 



210 06 > 06 
By paid George Willis as "p his bill of) 

peticulars Amounting to the Sum of j 005 15 ' 06 
By Cash paid Richard fi'rancis & Samuell ") | 

Territ for makeing Stock and Wheel [ 02 5 ; 00 

pr to the bell j 

By Cash paid Samuell Territ for Iron \ 

Work for ye bell | 2 

By A Logg Sawed into boards for the Tower 01 
By Cash paid Samll Carpenter for boards... j 00 
By Cash paid Bernard Lane for hailing \ 

bricks & boards j < 00 

By Cash paid for Ovle and Collers for the 

Tower ." 00 

By 261b Nails for the Tower at loci ^j^ Itj 01 

By Cash pdMartinew 30 



3d Aug: 1700— Due to Mr. AVheeler Ballance 83 13 | 2 

The underwritten is a true Coppy of Doctr .John Roberde.s 
his receipt for one half of a Pew in the Church. 

9ber otb 

170G Reed of Mr. I)anll Leeds the full Sum of Two pounds Six 

Shillings & Ten pence being full & Ample satisfaction 
for the one half of a Pew Erected in St. Anns Church 
in Burlington, I say Reed by me 

John Roberdes 

Vera Copa : Examined by me 
Tho: Revell 

1707 

14 Aprill Being Easter Monday Mr. Robert Wheeler 

& Mr. Jeremiah Bass were Elected 



Ix\ BUELINGTOX, 



227 



1708 
1709 
1710 
1711 



Churchwardens for Burlington cliurcli 
Mr. Thomas Kevell & Mr. Daniel I 
Leeds then gave upp thier accounts and 
paid Mr. Wheeler the Sum of fourteen £ 
pounds two shillings ten pence in Cash 14 

Testifyed by us 

Robert Wheeler 

Nath: Westlaxi) 

AViLLIAM BUDD 

Geor(;e Willis 

at Same time was delivered upp with this 
Book live deeds belonging to the 
ground wilhin fence with the Church 

Robert Wheeler paid the aforesaid 14-2-10 
Viz to the Clark 10£ for Intrest 4£- 
0-0 to other disburstments '2s-10d for 
the Church Use 14 

Being Easter Monday Mr. Robert Wheeler 
& Abraham Hulings was Elected 
Churchwardens 

Being Ester Monday Mr. Robert Wheeler 
& George Willis was P^lected Church- 
wardens 

Being Ester Monday Mr. William Budd tfe 
Abraham Hulings was Elected Church- 
wardings 

Being Ester Monday Mr. Robert Wheeler 
<& "William Budd was Eilected Church- 
wardings 

LAUS DEO 



*• d 
2 10 



10 



ANNO DOMINI 1718 
Jeremiah Bass 1 



Emanuell Smith / 



Churchwardens. 



A prill 7th 





12 




lii 


May 


o 


Mav 


10th 


Mav 


17 


May 


24 


Whit 


bUndav 




25 




31 


June 


14 


July 


5th 


Julv 


12 


Julv 


19 


Julv 


21) 



CHURCH STOCK IS CR. 

Easter Tuesday By moneys Collected at the 

Sacrament 

By moneys Collected at the doore 

By moneys Collected at the doore 

By monevs Colled at the doore & Sacrament 

"r* E.Smith 

By moneys Collected at the doore 

By moneys Collected at the doore 

By moneys Collected at the doore & Sacre- 

ment being WhitSunday 

By moneys Collected at the" Sacrament 

By moneys Collected at the doore 

By moneys Received of Mr. Attorney Gen- 

erall by orders on Mr. Wheeler »&"Cutler 

By moneys Collected at the doore 

By moneys Collected at the doore 

By moneys Collected at the doore 

By moneys Collected at the Sacrament 

By moneys Reed at the doore 



£ 


Cj 


00 


12 




5 




12 



5 
9 

10 

13 

9 



niej;i ble in 

. 8 
5 

I 4 

10 

5 



OJ 

4^ 



() 
2 

10 

09 



MS.] 
10 

lU 



228 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 



Aug 2(1 
Aug 23d 
Sept 28 



By moneys Reed at tlie doore 
By moneys Reed at tlie doore 
By moneys Reed at the doore 



LAUS DEO 

ANXO DOMINI 1713 



£ 


.? 


d 




12 


2 




17 


2 




o 


i 






~ 


14 


05 






1713 
May 17 

May 23 

June 27tli 



July 6 
Sber 19 

20 

29 
31br 



yell9))r 
Jan the 25th 



March 9 



PER CONTRA DR. 

By moneys paid George "Wil house for ex- 
pences on Easter monday & Wine since 
for the Sacrament 

By moneys paid Wm Cecle for the main- 
tainance of Mr Talbots man Philep 

By moneys paid Margaret Clarke for 
Cleaning the Church "Washing Sur- 
plices &c 

. By moneys paid for a New Common Prayer 
book 2 English Crowne pounds 

By moneys paid Philip Mr Talbots man 
when he Went from this towne 

By moneys paid Margaret Clarke for Clean-, 
ing the Church washing Surplis &c 

By moneys paid for the mending & make- 
ing up the fence of her Lott 

By moneys paid Cutler by Mr Attorny 
Generalls order 

By difto paid him my selfe 

By money paid Mr Jolly for worke done inl 
the Church & Church yard ,...1 

• By money paid Revell Elton for workej 

done at the Scoole house 

By monevs paid Mr Hews 'f^ order of Mn 

Talbot 

Paid Mr Talbot j 

Paid Mr Hews man ^ order of the Vestryl 

• Paid John Neale for worke done at thei 

Sceole house.. | 

Paid Mr Thomas Leonard in part of •■ 

bond 2d New Yorkej 

Paid Mr Thomas Leonard 4xb New Yorke 

is 



By money allowed Mr Wlieler due to him 
on his accot pd by the Att Ge 



25 



27 



Brought from the other Side I 14 

18th Octor By moneys Received at the Sacrament.... 

30th By moneys Reed at the Sacrament 

6 Der By moneys Collected at the doore 

20 De By moneys Collected at the doore 

more on oth 



s 

05 

^- 

16 

17 

13 

5 



03 


00 


16 


3 


15 




IG 


4 


00 


00 


16 





00 


00 


2 


6 


14 


1 

2 


01 




10 




12 
10 


OJ- 


19 




05 


00 


1 


11 


12 


2 








12 


2 



d 
00 

2 



9.!- 



IN BURLINGTON. 



229 



'25 De 
27 

Jany 1 
o 

10 

17 

24 
Feb 7 til & 14 

21 

28 
ZVIarli 7 

14 

11 



171o 
Aprill i: 



By moneys Eecd at the doore & Sacrament 
By moneys Eecd at the doore & Sacrament 

By money Reed at Sacrament 

By moneys Kecd at the doore 

By moneys Eecd at the doore 

By moneys Eecd at the doore 

By money Eecd at the doore 

By money Eecd at the dore 

By moneys Eecd at the doore 

By moneys Eecd at the doore 

By moneys Eecd at the doore 

By moneys Eecd at the doore 

Bv monevs Eecd at the doore 



By moneys Eeceived at the Sacrament & 
dore 



By moneys allowed Mr Wheler being drawn 
on him by Mr Attorney Generall & is 
the ballance due to him 

Brought from the other Side 

By moneys paid Mrs Clarke in full for 
washing the Surplices & Cleaning the 
Church &c 

By moneys paid Wm Cutler in full 

By moneys paid !Mr John Talbot for his 
Jomey to Yorke with the Addresses & 
horse hire 04 



Burlington 7th Oclr 1714 

Eecd of Jeremiah Bass Esq four pounds 
Sixteen shillings in full of Moneys due to 
me from Tho Lycester on Accot of land 
Given to the Church at Burlington 

%^ me Thomas Leoxard 



2 


B 


1 


1 


04 


4 




13 


4 




15 






5 


8.V 




10 


2 




14 


5 


8 


9 


11 


9 


9 


5 


1?. 


4 




8 


C) 




8 


00 



28 11 



00 



6.^ 



14 2 



32 


05 


8J 


£ 


s 


fl 


2 


6 





25 


12 


02 


01 


11 


10 


03 


17 


G 



o4 


00 


8 


o 


00 





3G 


00 


s 



1715 



To be added paid for a Common prayer | 

booke ommitted in casting up on the 

other page 10 j 4 

By money paid Mr Clarke 15 i 00 

By moneys i)aid to Wm Cutler in full 8 00 00 

1 45 12 4 



230 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 



1714 

Aprill 17 
1715 
April 17 



LAUS DEO ANNO DOM 1714 

Jeremiah Bass ^ 

& [ Churchwardens 

EMANrELL Smith j 

CHURCH STOCK IS CR. 

Kecd of Mr Smith & paid to Cutler 



By moneys on Easter day Received on thel 
Sacrament &c i 



s d 
16 1 



14 



April 
27tli 1717 



LAUS DEO ANNO DOM 1716 

Abraham Hewlings 
JoNATHAX LovETT ChuTchward. 

CHDRCH OF BURLINGTON CR. 



By Collections & Subscriptions 

By moneys Paid J. Bass by his Subscrb., 

By George Willis 

By a Bill of Mr Leeds 

Bv Do of Mr Jona Lovet 

Bv Cash by Mr Wheeler .., 

Bv Cash li^ Mr Smith 

By Cash i> Mr Bard 

By Bill ofRow: Ellis 

By Cash %* Mr Hewlings 



18 


09 


7 


11 


1 


2 


" 2 








IS 


1 


00 


1 


00 


1 


00 


1 


00 


1 


00 



4 

o 
O 

s 







LAUS DEO ANNO DOM 1714 

CHURCH STOCK IS DR. 

£ s d 
By moneys due to Ballanceof the last Yeare _ ' 

&this — as %' other Side ' 8 5 ok 

Bv moneys paid William Cutler in full 8 10 



ANNO 1715 
Bv raonevs due to ballance.. 



17 01 



12 11 



O", 



PER CONTRA DR. 



To Jeremiah Bass... 
To William Cutler... 
To Margaret Clarke. 
To William Cnllum. 
To George Willis.... 



To ve Church AVardens for ye vear 1716. 
To the Clark— for Do .'. 



12 


11 ' 


7 


12 


4 


15 




10 


2 


13 


1 


o 

f ) 


i 8. 


■ 



6 

6 








IN BURLINGTON. 



231 



Aprill 1716 
Church AVardens Chosen for tliis ensueing 
Yeare are 

Abraham Hewlings 

& 
Jonathan Lovett 

J BAi^s: 

April 1717 
Church Wardens Chosen for this Ensuing 
Year are 

Abraham Heulings 
& 
j^ Rowland Ellis 



1717 

Mav 10th 
JulV 8 

July 20 

Do 29 



Do 

Aug 3 

Sepr 9 
7l.er 10 



7ber IG 
Novbr 1 

Decber 16 
10b 30 
Mar 15 
Mar 22 
Do 
Do 24 



THE CHUBCH S STOCK DR. 

To Cash paid Olive Clark 

To Cash paid Benj : Wheat for 2 days -work 

at ye Ch 

To Cash paid Olive Clark for cleansing the 

Church 

To Cash paid Wm Cutler for Two days 

work at 7s '^ day 

To Cash expended upon the workmen 

To Cash paid Paul the Cler. in part of last 

years pay 

To moneys paid Olive Clark 

To moneys paid Robert Kailer for mending 

the Bellfrev floor 

To Cash paid Paul the Clerk 

To Cash i)aid for drawing the State of Bur- "I 

lington Church By order of the Vestry / 

To moneys paid Olive Clark moi'e 

To Cash paid Mr Marmion for a Bell rope 
To Moneys To a poor man from Hopewell 
To 411) of 6 penny nails to mend ye fence... 

To a mugg of Beer 

To Eichard fi'rances for mondinf;- ve fences 

&c '. 

Carried to fol: (48) 



£ 


.V 


d 


UO 


10 





' 00 


07 





j 00 


10 





00 


14 





I 00 


2 


6 


00 


S 





no 


12 


() 




4 





01 


4 





01 








00 


8 





00 


<; 





00 


2 





00 


4 


s 


00 





.") 


00 


10 





07 


03 


1 



Nobr7: 1718 



PR CONTRA BY COLLECTIONS AT YE DOOR. 

From April 28th 1717 through Dec 15, 17171 10 
" Dec22d " " April 13,1 
1718 ! 13 

DR. CHURCH STOCK. 

Paid to Kichd: Blackham for mending ye 

Lock of the Doore 00 

Paid to Mr Walker V order &c 02 

To Cash for sd Navl.-... 00 



16 
15 



02 
00 
01 



G 


2 



0Q9 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 



Decembr 10 

Janrv 10 
March 30 
1719 



To Olive Clarke IP order for Cleansing ve 

Church "... 01 i 00 

To Cash for a Broom 00 i 01 

To Cash Pd Nightinghale IP Mr Hewlings 00 | 01 



Carried to P 52 03 6 

PR CONTRA BY COLLECTIOXS AT YE DOOR 

From April 27, 1718 through January 4, 






7 



1718, 



07 16 . 8 



DR. 



CHURCH. 



March 24 
30 



1719 
Mar 30 

May ye 11th 



22 

June 10 

18 

19 

22 
July G 
'17 
Augst 10 

22 

Kovembr 2-') 



Decembr 21 
Aprill 1.3 , 

Aprill 18th 



Brought from fol: 50 \ 03 



To John Fisher for Carting Boards 

To Cash Pd to Mr Abra: Hewlings 

To Cash Reed of Wm Collumn & Eichd : 
Allison for Ground in ye Church for 
a Pew Their Parts Amot: to 

To Do Mr Row: Ellis 



Pew 



CHURCH DR. 

To 450 foot of Board for the use of the 
Church at 8s ~{P hundred 

Pd Mr Abraham Hulings 

Paid for 1 pound Nails 

Paid for Bear at Several times 

Paid John Neale in cash 4s and Pot of bear 

Paid John Neale in cash 

Paid Ann Kindal on John Neals Acct 

Paid John Neal 

Paid Richard tirancis for work 

Paid for 6 pounds Nails .' 

Paid Mr Hulings on acct of Saml Kimbal 

Paid y Mr Talbots order for the Releife of 
a poore Strangr 

Paid Edward Rackhill for a Bell Rope.. 

Paid for Nails 

^Paid on Mr. Pipers Acct 

Paid for the Releife of a poore Man at 

Cutlers 

■~Paid to Mr Piper 

Paid for a Broome 

Paid Lazarus .James for Repairing the Pales 

Paid for Nailes 

Paid for a passage for 



a Stranger. 



Paid to PauU Watkinson wch is the Bailee 
of this Acct — 



03 


06 


00 


01 


06 


03 


02 


00 


01 


00 



From Jany 11 1718 through March 29, 

1719 1 09 

By Ground Sold to Willm Colluran Row : 
Ellis & Richd Allison — for Building a 



2 

1 



3 
2 










12 1 10 11 



16 




10 




1 


2 


2 


1 


4 


5 


13 


10 


4 


2 


6 




5 




^ 




/ 




8 




2 


6 


9 




1 


6 


7 


'k 



10 
o 

7 
4 



6 ! 2^ 
12 6i 



IN BURLIXGTOX. 



233 



A pril 

]8 
17:20 



June 23 
1720 



Jeremiah Bass 

& 
George Willis Elected 
Church Wardens for the 
Ensuing Year 

Memorantlni. 

Mr Hunlock chose into the Vestry in the 
room of Manuel ISmith by the General con- 
sent of the Vestry. 

And its ordered by the Vestry &c That The 
Vestry Men Shall Communicate, at least 
once a Year, as the Canon in that behalfe 
Directs 

'^ f! EowD : Ellis Sery 



PR COXTKA BY COLLECTIOXS AT YE DOOE. 

From March 30th 1719 through April 17tli 
1720 



11 : IS 



1720 
May 4t]i 

J'lly G 

19 

Aigust 7 
Decemr 11 

27 
Janur 5th 

Aug: 29: 1720 



1721 
April 5 

10 



24 

26 

28 

Mav ve 8tli 



May ye 20 

29 
30 



5 ' 


00 


8 


00 


2 


4 


5 


G 


1 


1.^ 


1 


5 


2 


7 


10 


11 


9 





CHURCH DR. 

Pad Isaac Pearson for mending ye Lock....' 00 

Paid Paul which was Due for Last Year... 00 

Paid for two pds of Xailes for ye Gate 00 

Paid to Trenton Mr Vickerv 00 

Paid Sanill Brown for :Mr' Tolbut for fer 

ridg 00 

Paid for a pint of wine & Bread 00 

Paid for Bread and wine 00 

Paid for a Broom 00 

Paid for Bi-ead and wine 00 



Agreed by the Vestry that Mr Bass is fixed 

upon to peform Divine Service in the 

church until tlie return of the Eevd Mr 

Talbot or another Minister be appointed 

in his Room. 

i-'^^'R: Ellis Sec- 
Paid for wine and Eecevd the Deeds from \ 

Coll Morris J 00 2 4 

To Paid for wine & bread Sacrement 00 2 | 7 

To Paid Richard Smith jur for 6 pd of 

Nailesatl4(/ 00 7 

To Paid Daniell Smith for Sib of N ailes at I 

Ud 00 9 ! 4 

To a Large Seader post for a Corner post... 00 : 2 j (> 

To Paid Daniell Smith for 121b Xailes 00 14 1 U 

To Paid Abraham Bicklev for one pd of 

Nailes ". 00 1 2 

To Cash pd Samll Smith for ferridges 00 2 7 

To Paid Robart Nailer for liewine ye post ) j 

& hanging the Gate j 00 | 5 ! 00 

To Paid Daniell Smith for SHj Nailes at 14f/ 00 ' 9 11 
To quart of wine & Bread , 00 2 7 



234 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 



June 9th 

July 24tli 
August 4th 

October 30lh 

November 2 

1722 

March 26 
May— 15 
June ye 18 
July ye 21 
Proclamation 
August 18 

30 

7br 17 

19 



To Paid Ricd Smith jur for 21b Naile 

To 3 Seader posts 

To 25 Seder Posts from Mr Whelers 

To paid Benjamin Kimball for fenceing 

the Sum of 

To paid Samll Smith for ferridge for Mr 

Smith new money 1 | 11 is old 

To Cash for to bare Mr Smiths Traveling 



Charges , 



To a quart of wine for Sacrement 

To a quart of wine for ye Sacrement 

To 11 Seader Posts from Mr Bass 

To SundrysExpencesto Treat Mr Humpris 

To pd Eicd Alleson for a pd of Nails &"| 
Drink To tlie men that mended ye [■ 
Bellfree J 

To a qrt of wine & bread for Sacrement 

To 411j of Candels to preach by. by the 
Clark 

To 4ft of Ditto to Preacli by by the Clark.. 



00 

00 1 o 
1 5 



I 
00 
00 



00 4 ' 

00 I 2 j 

00 ; 4 I 

00 4 



15 ■■ Ij 



4 
6 








00 '. 2 4 

00 1 2 i 4 

00 11 [ 

00 ! 6 i G 





s 







PR CONTRA BY COLLECTIONS AT YE DOOR. 



From May 
1722..'.. 



1st 1720 through July 21st( 



14 14 



1722 



Decembr 18 
25 
January 5th 
' 6th 
fiebuary 7 



1723 
Aprill 14 

15 

16 



CHrRCH DR. 

From the other Side in old Money £15 \ 

14s 2.kZ is Proclamation Money J 

To Cash To Clark for a Broome 

To a quartof wine 

To a pint of Ditto Sachreemcnt 

To a pint of Ditto 

To Cash To Eockhills for a rope for ye Bell 

To Cash pd Matliew Ash for Bell Rope 

To John Rogers for a Hundred of Raile 



To a Bottle of wine Sachrement , 

To 3 quarts of Linseed Oyle 

To a pint of wine Sachrement 

To a pint of Ditto Sachrement 

To Cash Due to the Cred the Sum of. 



11 


15 


00 


00 , 


00 


01 


00 


00 


00 


00 i 


00 


07 


00 


04 


00 


15 

j 


00 


01 


00 


06 


00 


00 


00 


00 


01 


15 


15 


12 



8 
o 

10 
11 
11 

6 

8 



10 
00 

11 

11 

^ 






George Willis Debter to the Church ye 
Sum of ' 



01 15 



4} 



CR. 



PR CONTRA 



1722 



Noveaibr 17th 
25 



From the other Side in old Money £14) 

14s 3^rf is Proclamation Money J 

By Collection at the Dore 

Bv Cash from Mr Bass 



£ 


s 


11 


00 


00 


07 


00 


03 



00 
09 



IN BURLIXGTOX, 



235 



Decembr 17 
23 
ffebuary 4 
1723 
April 14 



By Cash from Mr Bass Collr. 

By Collection at Dore 

Bv Collection at the Bore , 



By Collection at the Dore 

By Cash Kecd by A Subscription. 



£ 
00 
00 
00 

00 
03 



15 12 031 



.V 


(/ 


03 


01 


02 


01 


04 


01 i 


04 


00 


07 


00 



By Cash Reed to Ball, ye acct from Mr 
"Willis ye sum of. 



15 I 141 



Proclamation money 



BUKLIKGTON APRIL 16 I 1723 



1723 
April 10 

Mav 6 
30 



9br4 

lObr 2 
ffeb 28 
Mar. 18 
1724 
Aug: 11 



Then Elected for Church Wardens for the 
Ensuing Year 

Joseph White 
John Allen 

To Ca-ih pd Mr Watkinson towards his 
Sallary 

To pd Paul for nails 

To pd for I Bush, lime 

To Benja Wheat as Labourer 

To pd for Scantling & nailes 

To pd for 2 new Shutters 

To Cash pd Paul 

To pd Mr Hunloke for MrOrmstrongs En- 
tertainmt 

To pd for washing 11 Surplesses ! 

To pd ve Glazier ior mending ye ch-windows 

To pd"Paul for Kails .*. i 

To pd for Drawing the Deed for the Glebei 



1 3 

1 — 

1 2h 

— 

10 — 

I 

12 1 10 

i 7.^ 

12 11" 

... 6 

12 ... 



7brl9 

]0br23 
Jan 30 



1725 
Mar. 29 



To pd for Candles 6 

To pd for nailes 0: 10 

To pd for 2 broomes 1 : 6 

To pd Joshua Newbold '| 

for mending ye Bell ' 2 : 

frey and for making | 

a short bench J 

To pd Paul at Sundry payments.. 



To Ca,sh paid Paul. 



10 



10 00 



16 


13 


5 


3 


8 


i 


20 


9 






PR CONTRA BY COLLECTION AT YE DOOR 

From April 16th 1723 through 9br 24th 



20 



236 



April 12 

1726 
May 10 

7br 21 
ffeb 17 
March 14 



Mar 3 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 
LAUS DEO 

ANNO DOM. 1725, 29th MARCH 

EowLAXD Ellis ] 

& y Church Wardens 

Jonathan Lovet J 

THE CHURCH STOCK IS DR. 

To Cash pd Mr Willis for Candles 

To Cash pd Paul Watkinson his Arrears 

To Cash pd for washing ye Surplice 

To Cash pd Mr Hunloke for Candles 

To Cash pd for a Broom 

To Cash pd Mr Satterthwte for mending 
the Windows 

Eowland Ellis Debr to Stock & pd 



LAUS DEO 

ANNO DOMINI 1725 



... 


3 


4 


o 


15 


... 


• •• 


3 


4 


• • • 


... 


6 


... 


3 


10 


6 


(3 




2 


5 


1.^ 


8 


11 


^ 



April 11 
April 18 
May 9 

IG 

O A 

1726 Mav 10 



•Jany 
March 5 
April 2 



PR CONTRA CR. 

By Moneys received at ye Door 

By Collections at the door 

By Ditto 

By Ditto 

By Ditto V Mr Lovet 

By Cash reed of Mr Abra: Heulings, 
being ye residue of Mr William 
ffishers Legacy 

By Collections at ye door 

By Collections at ye door 

By Collections at ye Door 



By Collections ~f To Jon : Lovet. 





3 


20 


... 


1 


10 
G 


7 


10 






5 


7 




4 


1 








... 


o 


... 


S 


8 


2 




2 


lU 


S 


11 


1} 



Anno Christ! 172'/ 



LAUS DEO 

At a Vestry held on the third day of April Ano Dom. 1727 
Present The Eevd Mr Nathanl Horwood 
Mr John Allen 
Mr Joseph AVhite 
Mr The: Hunloke 
Mr Geo: Willis 
Mr Jonathan Lovet 
Mr William Cutler 
Mr Simon Nigiitingale 
MrEowd: Ellis 



Vestn/ Men 



IN BURLINGTON. 



90 -• 



Mr John Allen f , r-\ itt i i- 
0, 1 chose Lh : \v ardens lor 

Tir f< *" wi-w 1 "^'e Ensuing Year. 
Mr ueorge Willis I. - ° 

The Kevd ^Ir ITorwood proposing to this 
present Vestry that Some Consideration 
ought to be made for his further mainte- 
nance & support, It was then agreed that a 
Subscription paper be drawn and yt the 
Secretary draw the same for that Use nemine 
Contradicente — 



May oth 
June 6th 



1727 
March 24 



1728 Apl 22 



THE CHURCH'S STOCK IS DR. 

To Cash pd Paule Watkins the Sum of... 

To D. By Mr Wm Collom 

To Cash to PauU Watkins 

To Cash pd the Suttons for fencing 

To Cash pd Mr Plorwood by [illegible].. 

To Sundrys for Mr Valien Jiis preach 
[illegible] when Came back from 
Philada 

Cash for a Broom 

Cash in full 





15 






10 


... 


3 





... 


1 





6 


5 










14 


11- 




1 




11 





11 




15 


5 


11 


16 


4 



Anno Christi 1727 



LAUS DEO 



April Oth 

31 Sunday 
May 5 



7th Sunday 
June 4 Sunday 



PR CONTRA CR. 

Bv Collections @ the Dore G W 

By Do (wj ye Dore G AV 

By Cash Received from Mr Abra : Heu- ] 
lings & Mr Jacob Perkins .Jr for the | 
Pew formeley Esteamd to be Jno \ 

Wards the Sum of pd is in full \ 

for the Said pew J 

Receive<l from Capt Ricd Alleson the 
Sum of fifteen Shillings being a Sub- 
scription of his father Mr Richd 
Alleson maid in the year 1716 

a Collection (a) ye Dore by J A 

a Collection @ ye Dore by J A 

By Sundrys Sums Received ye Subscription 
paper &c the Sum of 

By Mr Win Collem for Paul 



11 



15. 

3 

4 

10 

10 



16 



2i 
C| 






Burlington April 22. 1728 
Then Received of John Allen Esqr & Mr George Willis Ch. Wardens for 
the Year 1727 the sum of three pounds it being their Subscription for said 
Year and the Sum of four pounds five shillings Towards the arrearges together 
with fifteen shillings and five pence which makes up the Ballance of the 
Church's accot for this present Y'ear Ending at Easter in ye Year 1728 the 
Sum of Eight pounds and five pence Reed '^ 

Testiss Paul Watkixsox 

Rowd: Ellis 



'238 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

BURLINGTOX UNRIVALLED TOE A COLLPXiE. 
Mr. Coxe to the Secretary. 

"Trenton at the Falls of Delaware 

"28"' of April 1728 

^' Sir : 

" I embrace this opportunity by the Reverend M'' \yaynian 
to Inform You of the following Particulars. 

" Understanding that M"" Alexander, Brigadeer Hunter's 
Agent at New York, had at Length found the Deed of Convey- 
iince from M"" Tathani to the Hon''''' and Venerable the Society 
of the House and Land in Burlington, I went the latter end of 
December last to meet him at Amboy a Town between Forty 
and Fifty INIiles from hence distant, where he was then attend- 
ing in Council with M"" Burnet our late Governor in hopes he 
had brought it with him, but missed of my Expectation; how- 
ever he assured me if I would tarry there till his Return, he 
would go to York and fetch it, accordingly he did, and in about 
Six or Seven Days he came and deliv^ered it to me, on my Sign- 
ing a Receipt for it, in the behalf of the Society, according to 
M'' Hunter's directions to him. 

" I have likewise ordered the Lands mentioned in the Deed 
to be survey'd. Those adjoining to the house with the Water 
Lot, Garden and Orchard are already finished, and amount to 
about Sixteen acres. Two acres of Meadow near the Brick Kilns 
in the same Town, have long been taken into fence and held in 
Possession by one Nath' Crips a Quaker in Burlington County, 
Ten acres of very fine Meadow near London Bridge and lying 
on the Creek bounding the Town is likewise claim'd and in the 
Possession of M'' William Burge a Quaker of Philadelphia who 
pretends to an Antient Survey of it that he has many years paid 
Taxes for it, and has besides disburs'd above Twenty Pounds 
according to the directions of an Act of Assembly passed in this 
province for the drawing of the Meadows in and about that 
Town. I have inform'd them both of the Societies Claim and 
like to those lands, but they insist on their several Rights and 
seem tenacious of them hoAvsoever I am inform'd by some 
Antient Inhabitants now livino; in Burling-ton that on a due 
Scrutiny into that affair, its more than probable that the Society 



IN BURLINGTON. 239 

Avill be able legally to assert and maintain the Eight which 
they derive from the Sale of M' Tathani, if these Gentlemen 
can't by other means be induced to quit their pretentions thereto. 

'' The Surveyor has not returned me a fair Draft of the first 
mentioned Survey but I expect it soon and then shall transmit 
it, with the attested copy of M'' Tathams Deed of sale, which I 
have taken Care to have enter'd on Record. 

" It is reported here and in the Neighbouring Colony's that 
the Society design'd to erect a College on some part of the Con- 
tinent of America for the Educating of Youth, after the manner 
as is practised in the University of Oxford and Cambridge but 
that they are as yet unresolved what place to pitch on for 
that purpose. 

" If I may be permitted to offer my opinion in this case 
(having often Passed through the Colony's of Virginia, Mary- 
land, Pensilvania, New York and this Province, and beino- well 
acquainted with the several situations and conveniency's may be 
alleged in favor of either of them) I should with great respect 
and submission, advise for, and give the Preference to New 
Jersey, and Particulary to that spot of Ground where the 
Society's House now stands at the Point of Burlington which 
without Exaggeration or Partiality, I dare aver to be the most 
pleasant and healthy situation of any place I've yet beheld in 
America, and will not submit to any other for all manner of 
Conveniency's and necessary's of Life. It being on a most 
noble River about one Hundred and fifty miles from the capes. 
A Ship of above four hundred Ton may come up and ride before 
the Town as many formerly have. The River which is called 
Delaware is stor'd with Fish in great Plenty, such as Sturgeon, 
Rock or Bass, Perch, Sunfish, Pike, Trout, Eels, and catch in 
the seasons. Herrings, Shad and Oysters. Just before the 
Society's House is a fine Fishing place, either for Angling or 
the draught net, Burlington is almost in the centre of all his 
Majesty's Dominions on the Continent, the Town is very recru- 
larly and handsomely built, with mostly Large Convenient 
Brick Houses. The whole number in the body of the town 
may amount to about a hundred. 

/' The Society may purchase at reasonable rates from five to 
Twenty or thirty acres of Land and Orcharding adjoining to 



240 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

their own, If what they have already is not thought sufficient. 
Whilst the College is erecting which may be near or contigious 
to their own House, That will be serviceable for the Lodging 
and entertainment of the overseers or directors of the Work, as 
well as accomodate the Principal Servants and Workmen. 

" The Town will supply the meaner sort with Lodging, and 
all other necessary's, There is an Island called the Mattiniconk 
in the River opposite to the Society's House and not half a 
quarter of a Mile from it Containing about Three Hundred and 
Twenty acres of Upland and Meadow. It is in the King's 
Gift, and no doubt for advancing so noble and Useful a design on 
a proper application, His Majesty will readily grant it to them. 

" It will be of great benefit to the College in supplying it 
with Fencing and Fire Wood for many Years, and will serve 
for a Pasture for Horses, Cattle, Sheep, Besides that some part 
of it may be converted into Gardening and other necessary uses. 
The Society may likewise if its thought convenient Purchase a 
large Plantation or two on the other side the Creek over against 
their own Land at reasonable Rates, if managed with Secresy 
and caution, I have enclosed Two Drafts, or Maps The one of 
the Town of Burlington in General and the Island before men- 
tioned, The other of part of the Town more particularly described 
with the Public buildings, the Society House and Lots with the 
Lots adjoining. 

" If the Society think fit to erect a College There, I shall 
present them with my Lot of one acre at the Point, as you'll see 
described in the Map N" 19, which will make the Place more 
uniform and convenient. 

" The Lot and Orchard of M"" Bass may be purchas'd and is 
indeed a fine piece of Ground, both that & the Society's Lots 
are as Level as a bowling Green. 

"The Water Lot of Hutchinson, I am inform'd is to be sold, 
as is the land next adjoining to M"" Bass, which will Compre- 
hend that whole Square. 

" If I have offered my Sentiments so freely in this'affair, I ask 
the Society's pardon ; But as I have the Honor to be admitted 
a member of that Honorable body, and am at present instructed 
with the care of their House and Lands at Burlington, I thought 
is was my Duty, and for their service to give them the best 



IN BURLINGTON. 211 

light into and account of their Affairs ; and how far they may 
be rendered more advantageous to them. 

" The Reverend M"" Way man who has been upon the spot, 
may be able to give the Society, if they require it, further Satis- 
laction in this affair, Mv most humble Dutv attends the Hon' '"^ 
and Venerable Society who am their and Your 
" Most Obed' humble Ser' 

"DA^■'^ CoxE.-' 

"a pretty xumerous congregation at burlixgtox." 
Mr. Iloncood to the Secretary. Extract. 

''Burlington March 24, 172^ 
"Most Honorable and Venerable Sir: 

* * " We have here at Burlington a pretty numerous 
congregation, and abundance of the adjacent Country come fre- 
quently to divine Service, great numbers of which have been 
lately baptized ; about thirty miles off I baptized Twenty Two 
Persons, some Young, some xVdult in one day ; but all this time 
I labor under a difficulty, which my Brethren are Supplied 
with (viz) the want of a Library; M*" Talbot (who is dead) 
when living, denied he ever had any ; but however there 
appeared at his Death a Catalogue (tho' not hi.s hand writing) 
of 197 books; of which I made demand of the W^idow, in the 
name of the Society ; but to no purpose, she denying any such 
books to be there, I humbly crave the order and directions of 
the Society in this matter, I deferr'cl drawing a Bill of Ex- 
change till I had heard from the Society touching the former 
particulars, but not being so fortunate, am now constrained to 
draw on M'' Treasurer for Two Years Salary due from Lady 
day 172T to this present Instant Lady day, at the rate of £70 
per annum which was the salary the Honorable most Venerable 
Society was pleased to assign me, when before you. 

" This with all duty and Submission to the Honorable and 

pious Society is all at present offers from Venerable 

" Sirs 

" Your Most Obedient 

"and devoted 

" Nath'' Horwood." 
Q 



242 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

BUKLINGTOX HEALTHY AXD FAMOUS FOR SITUATION. 

Mr. Holbrooh to the Secretarij. Extracts. 

"Salem in Xew Jersey July 2V' 1729. 
" Rev'^" Sir : 

* * " Burlington is reckoned healthy and is as famous 
for a situation, the most pleasant and agreable of any on either 
side the Delaware. 

^' '■' " At Burlino'ton there is both a clever house and 
glebe, the congregation is at Burlington comparatively large & 
consist of people Capable of doing handsomely for their Mission- 
ary but at Salem the Congregation is but small and the major 
part of it miserably poor. This is a true representation. In short 
sir, I scarce ever had reason to repent of any thing in my con- 
duct so much as my not accepting the leave given me to return 
to Burlington having had now sufficient experience of the In- 
convenience and hardships of living where I do with a growing 
and often a sick family and I sincerely aver that I had rather 
live at Burlington for £50 p'" Annum than at Salem for £70, and 
do believe that if the Hon'''® Society, truly knew my case as it is 
they would be so far from drawing back £10 from, that they 
would be willing to add £10 moi'e to my salary." 

THE REMOVAL OF MR. HORWOOD, DESIRED. 

The Chio-clucardcns of Burlington to Rev. Mr. Yesey of N. YorJc. 

Extracts. 

"Burlington Dec' 3"' 1729. 
" Rev^' Sir : 

* ^- " M'' Horwood our present Minister * * 
has reduced once a brave flourishing congregation, into almost 
none at all * * it grieves us that had the pleasure to 
see our Zion in prosperity a few years since now dwindled to a 
few and that for want of a sober and vigilent labourer in their 
Vineyard, * * we are informed that he had leave to 
stay abroad in the plantations but for three years, if so his time 
is well nigh spent, wherefore we shall take it extreme kind, if 
you be pleased to signify unto him that as you are informed he 
and the people don't well affect one the other it would be his 



IN BURLINGTON. 213 

bsst way to remove with all speed, and if thereupon he tacitlv 
goes his way, it will be well pleasing unto us." 

THE APPOINTMENT OF EEV. MR. MEYMAS, REQUESTED. 

To the Venerable and Honorable the Society for 'propagating 
the GosjM'l in Foreign jtarts. 

THE ADDRESS OF THE CHUECir WARDENS AXI) VESTRY OF SAIXT MARY's 

BURLINGTON. 

" Humbly Siieweth 

'' That whereas the Reverend M' Nathaniel Horwood has 
signified to us his resolution of applying to your Venerable and 
Houble Body for liberty to return to his native Country which 
if granted by your venerable tfe Honble Societys favours are yet 
thereby encouraged to renew our application to the Venerable 
and Honorable Board for the continuance of the usual Bounty 
and we humbly oifer that that Venerable & Honble body which 
has hitherto been so indulgent of us Avould be pleased to favour 
us with the nomination and appointment of the Reverend M'' 
Rob' ^Yayman for the serving this Church, That Gentleman 
being well known to ua for his piety learning sobriety. Christian 
moderation and singular good temper, all these render him in a 
particular manner qualified to enlarge the Churches borders in 
this place which abounds wdth Quakers and other Sectaries, 
numbers of which we doubt not by the Blessing of God might 
be brought over and won to the Church by his labours. If the 
Honble Society would think fit to gratify us in this our most 
earnest request, we entertain great hopes that our Church will 
flourish and the worthy M' Weyman by the many services and 
good offices he has already conferred on us has so endeared him- 
self to one and all of us that m'c are persuaded we may be able 
to make such an addition to the Society's bounty as that he may 
have that sufficiency and comfortable subsistance, which he w^ell 
deserves. We hope the Venerable and Honble Board will take 
our request under consideration, and Avhen they think fit signify 
their pleasure to their 

"Most humble & obliged Serv" 

f " Wm. Cutler, 
'' Churchwardens { " Abra. Heulixgs. 
" Burlington March 12'" 172al,." 



244 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

DEATH OF THE REV. MR. HORWOOD. 

In a letter from Rev. Mr. Holbrook to the Secretary of tlie 
Society, dated "Salem, Aug. 19, 1730," are these words: "Mr. 
Horwood, Missionary at Burlington, died at Burlington the 
28th of July last." 

REV. MR. WEYMAN, MISSIONARY AT BURLINGTOX. 

The S. p. G. report, from Feb. 1729 to Feb. 1730, says: 
"The Rev. Robert Weyman of Oxford, Pa., f acquaints the 
Society that upon his Desire and that of the People at Burling- 
ton, he is remov^ed from Oxford to Burlington upon the Deatli 
of Mr. Horwood, late Missionary there." 

EXTRACT FROM THE SERMON | AT THE FUNERAL OP MRS, 

TALBOT. 

" Numbers 23. 10, last part of the verse. Let me die vc 
death of the righteous, & let my last end be like hisJ' 

"And now I have done w"' y*^ Text I shall only add a few words 
upon this mournful Occasion of our coming together at this time. 
If it be expected that I slV' make any large encomiums in praise 
of our deceased Sisf, I beg leave to tell you y' y^ Pulpit is not 
to be prostituted to flattery a Thing I shall always avoid on these 
occasions. However I shall only make mention of such things 
as I am sure all that knew her will Justify & for those y' knev/ 
her not I am sure it will be highly uncharitable in them to Con- 
tradict. Therefore I hope it will not be thought that I have 
other than a pious end in being Just to this our Siste"'^ memory 
as far as it is Consistent w"' my own knowledge & good Ac- 
q'ance w"' her. 

"My Information allows me not to speak of the particulars 
of her birth & Education having no Acq'ance w"' her form' 
times yet any one might perceive that her civil deportment Sc 
curteous behav'' bespoake her a Gentlewoman in all respects. 



t For the industry, zeal, devotion and success of his eleven previous years, 
see Buchanan's '' Historical Sketch of Trinity Church, Oxford, Phila.," 
pp. 20-23. 

XThe MS. has on its last leaf, ''Burlington at ve funeral of Mrs. 

Talbot on Whitsunday June 6th 1731." 



IX BURLIXGTOX. 245 

" As for y* latf" part of her days, them I have known & in 
y™ been an eye Wittness of y'' Expression of so ranch goodness 
as may Justly render her an Example worthy y"" Imitation; I 
have great reasons to believe y^ she was one who always lived in 
the fear of God & seem'd to have had nothing more at heart 
than to please him to Edifie her friends & work out her own 
Salvation so that by her X'" Life & Sober Conversation she hon- 
our'd the holy Relig" she professed and gave no occasion to 
y ' enemies of God to Blaspheme. 

" She was ever mindful of her mortality & delighting always 
to be near Gods Altar. She perpetuallyshew'd her love to God 
by her Zealous Affection to the Church of England ; f by her 
constant attendance on y*^ divine ordinances there dispensed ; by 
her devout & regular behaviour w° in the house of God & 
her Esteem & respect for y*^ Clergy. In a word she was endued 
w'^ y« bright graces of faith hope & Charity ; stedfastly believ- 
ing that God's goodness w'^ be Sufficient for her & that her good 
works w'^ be rewarded & Crown'd w*'' Immortal glory. She 
was a good Xeighbour She was pitiful Compassionate & mer- 
ciful to those who were in need, the happy reward of w"*^ I hope 
she now enjoys ; blessed are y*^ merciful for they shall obtain 
mercy. As to her behav"" in her last Sickness I can give no 
Acc*^ of that ; this we are sure of that she has been train'd up 
in y*' school of Afflictions as well as oth""^ & having lived to a 
verv considerable Age in this world she often thought of an 
alteration & did not flatter herself as too many do w"" y'^ vain 
hopes of a distant Exit. 

. '' She has of late gone thro Several sharp diseases in some of 
w'^'' I have had an opportunity to Visit her. I found that as 
she made it the business of her life after the direction of the 
Apostle to work out her Salvation w"" fear & trembling, so in 
y" extreamity of her pains, tho she seem'd sometimes to be 
cast into doubts & perplexities as to y'^ state and condition of 
her Soul, yet did she always w"' humble Confidence in y*" Merits 

t At a meeting of the Yestry of the Church at Perth Amboy, September 
23d, 1728, resolutions of thanks were passed to the widow of Kev.Jolin Talbot 
for the present of a silver chalice and ewer, and a silver paten, which are still 
used in the services of that church. Whitehead's Hlstonj of Perth Amboy, 
p. 221. 



7 



246 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

of X*' by earnest repentance tfe ardent pray'' endeav"" to make 
her peace w"' God & the world, by purging of those Imperfec- 
tions & frailities of Nature, w'^'' is ahnost impossible but y^ best 
of us may Contract in the midst of this Sinful naughty 
World — & w" she talked w"' me as if she thought the time of 
her departure was very near, it was w"' all the Chearfulness of a 
Xtian who earnestly desired to die y^ death of the Righteous 
& had made it the business of her whole life to make her latter 
end like his ; heartily lamenting the failings of her past life and 
as far as I c'* discern seemd always full of thoughts & holy aftec- 
tions, full of hearty submissiops and resignations to her God ; in 
w^^ Excell' posture we do in charity hope she at last expired 
into Eternity where God Grant y' w"' her, together w"' all those 
who are departed this life in y^ true faith of X'''^ holy Name 
we may all have our perfect Consuniation tt bliss both in body 
& Soul thro Jesus X^' our Lord. Amex." 

THE WILLf OF MRS. TALBOT. 

" In the Name of God Amen I Anne Talbott of the City of 
Philadelphia in the Province of Pennsylvania widow being sick 
& weak of Body but of Sound Mind & Memory do make this 
my last Will (t Testament in manner following 

" Imprimis, I will that my Body be decently buryed by the 
Body of my late Husband the Reverend M"" John Talbott dec'd 
in the Church of St. James's at Burlington in firm Hope of 
Pardon of my Sins & a Happy Resurrection through the Meritts 
of Jesus Christ my Saviour aiid my Will & mind is that a 
Decent plain Monument be erected in the sd Church at Burling- 
ton with a proper inscription to be composed by the Reverend 
M"" A^aughan of Elizabeth Town & the Rev*^ M'' Skinner of 
Amboy, or either of them — 

"Item, I Give & bequeath to Samuel Hasel & Charles Read 
of the City of Philadelphia aforesd Merchants the Sum of 
Twenty pounds Each — 

" Item, I Give devise & bequeath unto my Dutyfull &. well 

t Copied by me, from the original, (No. 191,) in the Office of the Kegister 
of "Wills:, in Philadelphia. G. M. H. 



IN BURLINGTON. 247 

beloved Son Thomas Herbert f of the Island of Mevis Planter my 
Six Xesrros Viz' Sarah and Nannv, Pendall and Bettv witii her 
Child these four are all ready in the AVest Indies & my Negro 
Phillis & son Jackey who are now with me in Philadelphia also 
my two feather beds with all their Furniture Curtains A'alens 
Quilts Blanketts Sheets Boulsters & pillows & Pillowbers and 
my Table Linnen Pewter & brass with all my Estate Goods & 
Effects whatsoever after the payment of my Funeral Expences 
Debts & Legacys aforesd unto him my sd son Thomas his Heirs 
and Assigns forever — 

"Item, I nominate & Appoint Charles Read & Samuel Hasel 
aforesd Executors of this my last AVill and Testament giving 
them full power to call all persons to Account who are by any 
ways or means whatsoever indebted to me, that they may be 
enabled to Comply with this ray will hereby revoking & making 
Null all former Will or Wills by me heretofore made 

"And acknowlcding this to be ray last Will & Testament — 
Ix Testimony whereof I have hereunto Sett my hand & Seal 
in Phikadelphia this thirtyeth day of July in the Year of our 
Lord One Thousand Seven hundred and Thirty — 

" Sign'd Seal'd Published her 

& Declared to be her last Anxe a Talbott 

Will & Testament ^fark 

before Us 

" George Roth 
" Edward Warner 
" Mary Jacob," 

The Testatrix was undoubtedly too sick to do more than 
make the first letter of her Christian name. 

That the Church in Burlington, is, in this instrument, called 
" St. James's," instead of St. Mary's, may possibly, have had 
somethino; to do with the cause of the Jacobites. It is more 
reasonable however, to suppose, that Edward Warner, a Phila- 
delphian, — the second witness, in whose handwriting the V\ ill 




fin the Parish Register of Christ Church, Philadelphia, is this entry: 
" Burial— Thomas, son of Thomas Herbert, Sep. 21—1731." 



248 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

appears — confounded the name of the Church, with that of St. 
James', Bristol, Pa., (just opposite Burlington,) which was often 
served by Mr. Talbot. 

The value of this Will, as a historical paper, cannot be over- 
estimated. Almost every line of it throws light upon some 
point otherwise unknown ; and the interest in it culminates, 
when the eyes rest upon 

THE EPISCOPAL SEAL OF JOHN" TALBOT, 

with which it is sealed, by his widow. The impression on the 
wax is as distinct as though it were just made — on an oval 
ground, a mitre, ivith a plain cross upon it ; and under it, in large 
letters intertwining one another, the full name, ''J Talbot^ 

THE WILL OF :\rRS. TALBOT PROVED. 

Appended to the Will of Mrs. Talbot, is this evidence of 
its proof: 

"Philad' June 23,1731. Then personally appear'd Edward 
Warner and Mary Jacob two of the witnesses to the foregoing 
Will, and upon their solemn affirmation according to Law did 
declare they saw & heard Anu Talbott the Testatrix above named 
sign seal publish and declare the same AA'ill to be her Last Will 
and Testament and That at the doing thereof she was of sound 
mind memory and understanding to the best of their knowledge." 

'' Coram Pet Evans Beg Gen'' 



MRS. Talbot's effects. 

INVENTORY OF THE GOODS & CHATTELS OF ANNE TALBOT LATE OF THE 
CITY OF PHILADELPHIA WIDOW DECEASED TAKEN THE 
EIGHTEENTH DAY OF JUNE ANNO DOMINI 1731. 

1 ' Four Suits of jjinners 4 — 
Seven Caiiibrick hand- 

kerchieves .. 14 — 
^> Three prs Sleeves & 

■i , Kuffles .. 2.. G 
Four Konting liaiul- 

- I kercliieves ..3 — 

- , Two prs Silk two prs ) 

- , "Worsted & three ^ 1 .. 

- j prs thread hoss J 

- j Five silk handkerchieves ..8 — - 
j Three prs Gloves ..5 — 



Cash £ 


lo. 


Ifi, 


Mne Table Cloths 


ri 


14 


Seventeen SJieets 


4.. 


o 


>'ine Towel Is 




11. 


Fourteen pillow Cases 




11, 


Eight Diaper & live 






Linen Napkins 




10, 


Eight holland Shifts 


o 


4 


Five Ditto petty Coates 


,, 


10 


Six Linen Waste Coates 


.. 


10 


Six Ditto Aprons 


,^ 


9 


Nine Fore liead Cloths 






<k seventeen Caps 




10 



IX BURLINGTOX. 



249 



Crape 



lioods 


.. 5 


— 


Four Girdles 


2.. 


6 


Two Black Fauns 


'.'. 3" 


— 


Two ]jrs Slices 


.. 8 


— 


Black Silk Short Cloke 


.. 10 


— 


Black pudisoy Suit 





— 


Black Velvet liood & 






Scarf 


1.. 10 


— 


Four Silk Aprons 


.. .8 


— 


Black Sattin Quilted 






petty Coate 


1.. — 


— 




£37.. 14.. 


3 


Brought Over 


£37.. 14.. 


3 


Blue Persian Quilted 






petty Coate 


10 


— 


Stripd Sattin Suit 


1 10 


■ — ■ 


Two Black Scarfs 


.. 12 


— 


Stripd Sattin i>etty 






Coate 


.. 5 


— 


Velvet Mask 


2 


— 


Black Silk hood 


2 


6 


Four Flanel petty 






Coates & 2 "Waste 






Coates 


.. 12 


— 


Two Sattin & three 






Stufi' Gowns 


2.. 10 


— 


Camblet Cloke 


.. 12 


— 


Old Cloth ditto 


.. 10 


— 


Green Calamancha 






Quilted petty Coate 


.. 10 


— 


Calico Gown 


12 


— 


Silk Night Ditto 


12 


— 


Two Feather beds^ 






2 bolsters 5 pillows 






2 prs blankets Kug 1 






(^>uilt Counter pane ' 


13.. 10 




Curtains vailings 




I'azes head and 






Tester Cloths & 






bed steads 






Two Cotton haniockers 






& "Window Curtains 


2.. 7.. 


G 


Eight pewter Dishes 






Bason & forty seven 






plates 


5.. 17 


— 


Two Tin FunelsSix" 






jiatty pans Cullen- 


.. 5 




der and Dripping ! 




pan _ J 






Jack and Spitt 


1.. 2 


— 



Brass Kettle e^' two 
Iron potts £ 

Six Case knives & Six 
Forks 

Tin Grater pudding 
pan & pepper box 

Three brass Candle- ] 
sticks Snuffers & 2 > 
Iron Candlesticks J 

"Warming pann 

pr Endirons Dogs 
Shovel & Tongs 

Frying pann & Grid- 
iron 

Looking Glass & Swing 
ditto 

Three Tables & Stand 

Four Smoothing or 
Sadirons 



Two Glass Tumblers 
Cann live Drinking 
Glasses and two Salts 

Lanthorn Seive Wood 
Mortar & pestle 

Bed Screws Bottles & 
Earthen Ware 

Thirteen Chairs 

Dutch Table 

Two pails three Wash 
Tubbs Safe & Bench 

Tea Kettle 

Seven Silver Spoons 

Two Silver Thimbles 

Two Gold Kings 

Eight Vol of Dr. Bev- 
eridges Sermons 

Old Large Fol Bible 
Three Comon pray- 
ers and eleven other 
Bookes 

Five Trunks two Chests 
& two Cases of Bottles 

A Negro woman named 
phillis 



4 — 

2.. 6 

8 — 

9 — 



4.. 



10 



£80.. 12. 



4 — 



6 — 



10 

ti 

10 



1.. G — 



10 

8 



1.. 10 



1.. — 



1.. 15 — 
1.. — — 



o- 



10 — 



£122.. 'J.. 3 
Appraised 
"^ Jno Cadwalader 

Edavakd Kobekts. 



250 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

" ABUNDANCE OF COUNTRY PEOPLE COME TO DIVINE SER- 
VICE." 

Ill 1732, Mr. Weyman acquaints the Society, "That his parisli 
hatli been lately very much afflicted with the small-pox, whicJi 
hindred numbers of people from assembling together at divine 
service ; but that now the contagion is abated, the Church 
begins to be full, and abundance of country people come fre- 
quently to divine service; that the number of his communicants 
increases ; that within the compass of the last year, he hath 
baptized ninety children and six adults, at Burlington and else- 
where. That finding the Church at Bristol was destitute of a 
minister, he hath, upon the very earnest solicitation of the 
people, undertaken lo serve them the first Sunday in every 
month, and hopes to do it without great difficulty, on account of 
the nearness of that town to Burlington." 

POST OFFICES AND THE MODES OF TRANSPORTATION. 

" For some time the only Post offices in New Jersey were at 
Perth Amboy and Burlington; being on the direct route from 
New York to Philadelphia, they probably partook of the benefits 
of the first arransrements. Letters for larare districts of countrv 
were sent to those places for distribution. 

"The first advertisement noticed relating to the transporta- 
tion by this route is in Bradford's Philadelphia Mercury of 
March 1732-3, as follows : 

'"This is to give Notice unto Gentlemen, Merchants, Trades- 
men, Travellers and others, that Solomon Smith and James 
Moore, of Burlington : keepeth two stage wagons intending to 
go from Burlington to Amboy and back from Amboy to Bur- 
lington again, once every week or olft'er if that business pre- 
sents: They have also a very good store house, very commodious 
for the storing of any sort of Merchants Goods free from any 
charges, where good care will be taken of all sorts of goods.' 

"In April, 1734, Arthur Brown gives notice that he plies 
in a boat between New York and South River in New Jersey, 
and that he will carry goods to Allen's Town, Burlington or 
Philadelphia as cheap as other lines via Amboy or New Bruns- 
wick." — Whitehead's History of Perth Amboy, 



IN BURLINGTON. 251 

THE CONGREGATION NEVER USED TO PAYING MR. TAEBOT. 

3Ir. Wei/man to the Secretary. Extract. 

"Burlington March 10"^ 1734. 
"Rev" Sir: 

" The Congregation at Burlington remain in the same state 
and disposition of mind as I found them, they constantly and 
duly attend the worship of God but do not care to do any thing 
toward the support and maintenance of the Ministry because 
they were never used to it by my predecessor M"" Talbot who as 
a single personf did & could subsist upon the Honble Society's 
bounty without their help but my circumstances are quite dif- 
ferent having a numerous family. I am content and thankful for 
the present allowance I have from the Honble Society and 
should take it as a particular mark of their fav'or & kindness to 
me if they would but only be pleased to send a letter to the' 
people of Burlington and Bristol to incite them to their duty in 
that particular manner and to declare to them their expectation 
of their conformity thereto according to their instructions to all 
churches abroad that expect ministers to be settled and estab- 
lished amongrst them. The cono-reo-ation I have at Bristol is 
increased above expectation and I find there's a great disposition 
in the minds of the people in general to a conformity to the 
Church of England as by law established and to her modes and 
rights of worship but as they have been at first educated amongst 
Dissenters they cannot possibly join with knowledge decency or 
order with us for want of prayer Books for which cause I entreat 
the Honorable Society will please to furnish me with some 
dozens of them and of the Avhole duty of man or any other 
practical authors that they shall think fit to be .distributed 
among them. I have baptized since my last account 23 infants, 
3 adults and am preparing two more for Baptism at Easter. 
" I am Rev'' Sir 

" Your most obed' 

" Humble servant 

" RoB^ Weyman." 

J Mr. Talbot did not marry — it seems — until about the time of his inhibition. 



252 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

PROCLAMATIONS RESPECTIXG THE FAIR. 

" 10 May 1735, the Fair was Proclaimed by the Court House 
Etlw'^ Peirce Mav'' Isaac Decou Recorder witii the Aldermen and 
Coraon Council men Present — 

"The Cryer making 3 Proclamation. The Clerk dictated 
to y*' Cryer as followeth (To wit) 

" O yes. O yes. O yes. 

"The Mayor Recorder Aldermen & Comon Council men of 
this City of Burlington Do Strictly Charge & Comand and on the 
behalfe of our Sovereigne Lord the King That all manner of 
Persons of what soever Estate Degree or Condition they be 
Having recourse to this Fair Keep the peace of the said Lord 
the King : 

"That no manner of Persons make any Gatherings or affrays 
by which the same Peace may be broken or disturb'd upon Pain 
of Imprisonment. 

"That no manner of Person or Persons Do Presume to sell 
in any Booth or Stall within this Fair any Beer Ale Rum Cider 
or any other Strong Liquor but he she or they who is or are poor 
Housholders within this City upon Pain that will fall thereon. 

"That the said Housholders are hereby Strictly Charg'd & 
Comanded not to Sell or Expose for Sale any such Strong 
Liquors after the Hour of Seven in the Evening during this 
Fair upon Pain that fall thereon. 

"That no manner of person or Persons buy uor sell but with 
true Weights & Measures upon Pain and Penalties which will 
be duly inflicted upon such Offender according to Law. 

"That if any person or persons within this City shall gallop 
his or their Horse Mare or Gelding in the Streets thereof or 
imoderately pace or trot the same at any time therein (Except 
from the Cross Street near Joseph White's House to the Point 
House) shall forfeit the sume of Six Shillings according to an Act 
of Comon Councill of this City in such cases made and provided. 

" That no person or persons whatsoever within the Limitts tV: 
Bounds of this Fair shall Presume to break the Lords dav in 
Selling Shewing or Offerino; for Sale or in buvin^; or offering to 
buy any Comodities whatsoever (Except Fresh Meat) or in Sit- 
ting Tipling or Drinking in any Tavern Inn Ale house or Tip- 



IN BURLINGTON. 25S 

ling House or in doing any other thing that may tend to the 
Breach thereof upon the Pain and Penaltie's contained in several 
Acts of Parliament and the Laws of this Province which will 
be severely inflicted on the Breakers thereof. 

" God save the King." 
— MS. Locket of the " Court of Conscience J' 

BURLINGTON HAS PARTICULAR ADVANTAGES. 

31'' Lindsay to the Secretary. Extracts. 
" Bristol upon Delaware Pensilvania March 9'^ 1736. 
" HoNB^^ Worthy Gentlemen, 

* * " Let me beg leave to inform you of my encour- 
ao-ement here and to inform The Honorable Society I have very 
little for all my services, the people of Bristol (a place very poor) 
have subscribed a very trifling thing but none else, they all 
o-enerally say, as I do not reside among them they cant think 
of any thing, But if I did they would allow me something of 
their Country Produce. 

* * " The Mission of Burlington that has some par- 
ticular advantages such as the Societies large house some lands 
&c yet has a greater Salary than I who has vastly and by great 
odds much fatigue." 

the whipping post in use. 

"17 Mav 1737. 

" The Lord the King ^ Convicted before my Selfe 

a ! the Recorder Bob' Smith & 

" Jack y"* Xegro of the [' John Allen Esquire for Stealing 
'• Wid° Satterthwaite J a Cock of the value of G'^ 

of Elizabeth Thomson on the Oaths of y'' said Thomson, Gil- 
bert Parker & other Proofes, Thereupon it was ordered that 
he be whipped at y*' Whipping Post with 30 Lashes on his 
bare Back and that his Mistress pay the Charges thereof 
Avhich was done accordingly." — MS. Locket of the " Court of 
Conscience.'^ 

DEATH OF the REV. ROBERT WEYMAN. 

October 5th, 1737, Mr. Weyman writes, "that he himself 
was then in all probability going out of life, through an atrophy, 



25i HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

consumption, and dropsy, and he therefore begged leave to take 
his last farewell of the venerable Society, with his sincere thanks 
for all their favours and good offices, and with his most hearty 
})rayers to God Almighty to pour His blessing upon them, and 
to recompense all their works of mercy and charity at the resur- 
rection of the just." 

The Rev. Mr. Vaughan, minister of Elizabethtown, writes, 
November 29th, 1737, "that he embraced an opportunity then 
just offered of paying his duty to the Society, acquainting them 
that Mr. Weyman, the Society's missionary at Burlington, had 
exchanged this life for a better the day before, and had left a 
wife and six children in very low circumstances through the 
poor pittance of his fortunes; — that he had left the world with 
an universal good character, and was a true and faithful labourer 
in God's vineyard." 

The Society, out of an especial regard to Mr. Weyman's good 
and faithful long services, gave his widow and children,! upon 
their humble petition, a gratuity of 60/. 

IlEV. COLIX CAMPBELL, MINISTER AT BURLINGTOX. 

The report of the S. P. G., for 173S, says: " The Rev. Uv. 
Colin Campbell,!, petitioning the Society to succeed Mr. Wey- 
man in his mission, the Society after a proper Examination of 
his Testimonials and Letters of Orders, and after his reading 
Prayers and preaching Avith approbation, hath appointed him 
Minister at Burliuo-ton." 

From "Burlington, June 2d, 1738," Mr. Campbell writes, 
"that he arrived there on the 10th of May, and w^as well 



t A son of Mr. "VVevman became distinguished as a Printer. Vide " Thomas' 
History of PrintingV' Vol. II, p. 104. 

i He was the tenth child of his father, (whose name he boi-e, and who had 
fourteen children, live daughters and nine sons,) and was born at Earnhill, 
Scotland, Nov. loth, 1707. AVhile a boy he attended school at Aberdeen and 
Inverness, and in the latter place, lived with his aunt, Lady Drummuire. 
His father was born at Delrais, A. D. 16G4, married Marv Dnff, of Drummuire, 
April ?>Oth, 1691, and died in Nov., 1725. Kev. Mr. Campbell's grandfather 
was William Campbell, of Delniis, hereditary High Sherifi'of Nairn, and as 
this office implies was of noble descent. A son of the Kev. Mr. Campbell, 
Avho made an excursion to Scotland in 1784, speaks in his journal of Lady 
Drummuire, as his great-aunt, and mentions seeing at Delmis, the old Castle 
Campbell, where his ancestors had lived for two hundred vears. 



IN BURLINGTOX. 255 

received by his Congregation, who seemed very much pleased 
that the Society had so soon taken care to fill the Place of their 
late worthy Pastor, whose methods and example he Avould dili- 
gently follow in the care of his Flock." 

PROFANE SWEARING PUNISHED. 

"20 — 1™° 1739 o;ranted a Warrant against Jane Freeland for 
Swearing a Prophane Oath in my Presence fine 3 | or to Sitt 
in y*^ Stocks 2 hours. 

"18: 2 1740 Comitted a fellow to Stocks for Swearing.' 
— IIS. Ducket of the " Cou7-t of Conscience.'^ 

DEATH Or' THE HON. DANIEL COXE. 

Daniel Coxe, wdiose name has appeared so often in these 
pageSj was Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of New 
Jersey, from 1734 until the time of his death, which occurred at 
his residence, in Trenton, N. J. 

His remains were buried in the grave of his wife, in front of 
the chancel, in St. Mary's Church, Burlington, where a large 
stone, in the floor, bears this incription : "Daniel Coxe, died 
April 25"' 1739 ; iEtat 65. Sarah Coxe, died June the 25"' 
1725 ; .Etat 35." 

His voluminous AVill, "containing Twenty four Sheets of 
paper & a part of a sheet," executed " the Twenty first day of 
March in the Eleaventh Year of George the Second King of 
Great Britain &c & in the Year of our Lord One thousand 
Seven hundred and Thirty seven " contains these paragraphs 
which appertain to Burlington: 

"Item my Lot of Land in the town of Burlington cont= 4 
Acres & 60 perches (be it more or less) on the east side of James 
Verree's Lot & fronts on Delaware River in Burl" afsd of 500 
foot (more or less) adjoyniug to Hutchinson's or Tatham's Lot 
now the Society's for propogation of the Gospell the street 
dividing it from the orchard late Jeremiah Basse's ct the orchard 
belonging to the point house now in the ])ossession of Mr^ Wey- 
man & also All that my one acre Lot in Burl" afsd at or near the 
Point commonly called Tatham's Point all that & those two Lots 
of Land last mentioned cont'g as afsd (more or less) I give <fc 
■devise unto m v Son Daniel Coxe his Heirs &c afsd for ever sub- 



256 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

ject nevertheless to & upon the conditions hereinafter mentioned 
& declared, Item my Lot of land of two acres & three quarters 
(be it more or less) to the westward of James Verrees Lots & 
Houses in Burl" afsd & near to the place or Settlem*^ late John 
Wetheril's since Joseph Welshe's t& now John Eaton's & front- 
ing also on Delaware River I give & devise unto my Son W^ 
Coxe & to his Heirs etc afs'^for ever, Item the Residue of my 
Lots of Land in Burl" if any more to me of right belonging 
either in law or in Equity I give and devise the same unto my 
Daughter Rebecca Coxe her Heirs &g afsd for ever." 

LAYMEN MARRY TEX COUPLES TO MR. CAMPBELL's ONE, 

3Ir. Campbell to the Secretm'y. Extract. 

"Burlington Oct. 8, 1739. 
" Rev" Sir : 

" I must likewise acquaint the Society not so much by 

way of complaint, since I am in friendship and good under- 
standing with the Persons, That Messrs. Allen and Bustel, 
the former my Churchwarden and the latter one of the vestry, 
do marry ten couple to my one, to my great prejudice." 

THE SOCIETY TAKES LITTLE NOTICE OF ITS HOUSE. 

Ilr. Campbell to the Secretary. Extract. 

"Burlington May 3'' 1740. 
" Rev" Sir : 

* * "I am heartily sorry the society takes so little 
notice of their house here, which if not timely looked to will 
inevitably go to ruin and decay ; I heard last Year by a private 
letter, the Society had concluded to give the charge of that 
House to the Rev'' M^ Cummings at Philadelphia and myself, 
but their instructions concerning this, has not yet come either 
to him or me." 

THE PENALTY FOR STEALING TWO SKEINS OF YARN. 

" Oct 8, 1741, a Warr granted at the Sute of Elizarabeth 

The King Hough for Stealing &c & the S'* being Con- 

a victed before the May"^ & Recorder on the 

Elinor Holms 9"" Inst was Sentenced to be "Whipped at the 

publick whipping post in this City which 

was performed on the 10"' Inst by Benj" 



IN BURLINGTON. 257 

Wheat the City Whipper *k said Elinor Holmes departed the 
City according to the Sentence of the Said Court. She ^vas 
Avhipped on the Bare Back w"' tenn Lashes — being convicted of 
Stealing two Skains of Yarn valued by the plaintiff under 20 
Shillings."— .1/.S'. Docket of the " Court of Conscience:' 

A LARGE BEQUEST LOST. 

3L'. Campbell to the Secretary. Extract. 

"Burlington May 12, 1742. 
'-' R. D. Siu : 

"I have sent inclosed the Copy of a Will wherein there is 

a large bequest made to my Church, if justice were done it, its 
pity our old Mission, & a Mission of as great consequence to y" 
Society as many in North America (considering it has a footing 
in the center of y^ Kingdom of Quakers) Should thro' length 
of time & villany be divested of its proper rights. I have at my 
own Expence in consultations of Lawyers expended £5 Ster= 
already upon it, and all of them agree that the church has a 
good right and the subject in debate if recover'd is worth at 

least £300 Sterling. 

" R D Sir Your most humble Servant 

" Colin Campbell.'' 

mareiage of the rev. mr. campbell. 

" June 9"^ 1742 The Rev'' M'' Colin Campbell missionary at 
Burlington was married to M''^ Mary Martha Bard,t of the 
Same place Gent"° married by the Revd M"^ Currie." — Parish 
Register. 

Other records state further, that this solemnization took place 
in St. Mary's Church; the Rev. Wm. Currie who officiated, being 
at that time, missionary at Radnor, Pa. 



fThis lady was the daughter, (born March 10th, 1719, and baptized on the 
29th of the same month by Rev. Mr. Talbot,) of Col. Peter Bard, one of lii-^ 
Majesty's Council and Second Judge of the Supreme Court of New Jersey. 
Her mother Avas Dinah Marmion, who left Leicestershire, at seven years of 
age, with her parents, Samuel and Elizabeth Marmion, whose graves aie in 
the centre of St. Mary's Church yard. 

R 



258 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

OBSTRUCTIOXS WHICH THE MISSIONARIES MEET WITH. 

Mr. Campbell to the Secretary. Extract. 

"Burlington Nov"" 2^' 1742. 
"RDS: 

" I must now beg leave to shew the Society (and that 

plainly) what are the obstructions that I and our Missionarys in 
Pennsylvania & New Jersey meet with ; & does & will render 
our labours the less effectuall, Let our endeavours be never so 
faithfuU & diligent ; The Society I hope know that the majority 
of the People here especially on the Western Division of this 
Province as well as in Pennsylvania are Quakers, and it is com- 
mon with the Mobb ; for so I must call them who are not truly 
Governors ; to measure Orthodoxy in Religion from numbers & 
power, our Gov'" tho' a Member of your Society, yet allows the 
majority of the Representatives in Assemblys of his Council, 
Judges of the Courts & Justices of the Peace to be Quakers — 
How to accompt for this I cannot tell but so it is and what the 
consequences are Government itself beginns now to feel, altho' 
we have felt it to our sad experience long agoe. Let the Society 
judge how inconsistent with English Liberty that Judges sitting 
on our Benches, Justices of the Peace &c shall exact Oaths of 
English Subjects, who by no means will take them themselves 
or Juries who sit before them who by bare Affirmations will take 
away our Lives & Fortunes & laugh at Men who offer to take 
the Oath they themselves impose nay sue & imprison them if 
they refuse ; they are the execution of English Laws here the 
Quakers scorn rendered and England's shame, thus Men against 
their consciences are forced to embrace Quakerism for their 
power and number. 

"I have often before now complained of Justices of the 
Peace's Marriage, not that I contended for taking away the 
power of any sect to marry among themselves, but when they 
marry promiscously, & men of bad Morals in y*^ station, who 
neither care for our form nor any other yet daily marry, brings 
Religion into contempt — None can know the abuses committed 
here in these matters but one on the spot. Poligamy & every 
other unnatural thing is committed & incestuous Marriages. 



IN BURLINGTON. 259 

Were a meer Stranger to come that had never seen t]ie Eno-Ii,l, 
Laws nor known he wou'd personally think they were founded 
on vdlany & deceit, and all a farce; while things are suifered 
to go on as they do. In a word the Church seems to be like 
the Greek Church under the Ottoman Yoke; if any or all these 
things are redress'd let this Letter be publish'd (if not we must 
be sdent under our load) For in point of prudence I have be- 
haved myself since I came here, in amity with those Peoj.le 
yet I think It my duty in discharging my conscience thus to my 
Employers and Superiors, and think if that correspondence 
which IS kept up among Jews Jesuits & Quakers in iniquitv 
were kept up in integrity among us it would be better for us 
what IS t^ie effect of Quakerism now in Pennsylvania but a 
nursery of Jesuits, no less than two Priests are in Philadelphia 
ct 4 in Conestogoe, a County in the Country and what the e«d of 
he Quaker power will prove M-e may plainly guess, manv Irish 
I apists turn Quakers and get into places as well as German. O 
English policy alas for it, and a Quaker Author lately sent^liis 
Books here, one Elves from London, making our Blessed Lord 
to b the meer Son of Joseph & Mary, one would think that 
England wants now to give the finishing stroke to Christianitv 
being wearied of such an obsolete Religion & introduce Atheism at 
once, ™y heart bleeds to write more on this subject & concludes 
K V b. lour most Humble Serv' 

" CoLix Campbeli,." 

CHUECH BUILT AT MOUNT HOLLV. 

Hn^ll "f ' ^^r- •^'""'P''^" "'-ites, that " at a place called Mouut 
Holly about e,ghtm,les fron> Burlington, the people have built 
a handsome Church, and given it, by a deed of gift, ,o the Societ, 
and three other trustees, of whom the missionmy at Burii g to , 
.s to be always one." He also records the lilferality of 'Ml 
worthy Peter Baynton, in roofing and shingling St. Mary's 
Church at his own expense."! fe oi. luarj s 

Tony Po„„., ,. i„„„, zsi ,fefLS;it,?^7„ ,r,S:.;l ^;°r;'ic: 



260 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

MR. Campbell's first child. 

The birth, and baptism on the eighth day after, of the first 
child of Rev. Mr. Campbell, is thus noted in the Parish Regis- 
ter: "July 2d, 1743, was born the Daughter of Colin and Mary 
Campbell, and Baptized July 10th, by the Rev'd M'' Jenney, 
Rector of Christ Church, Philad'a and Commissary Pensilvania; 
Mary Ann Campbell." 

Likewi?;e all and eveiy part of Estate Real and Personal came by her to me 
and my Negro Woman ^^.morest and during her Widowhood her Choise to 
live & abide in any House in Philadelphia or Burlington that I may be 
posses'd of at my Decease Clear of Rent all which I declare to be in Lieu of 
her right of Dower I will and bequeath to my Youngest Son Benjamin Bayn- 
ton Four hundred Poiuids to be put out to Interest as soon as it may be Con- 
veniently done without distressing other parts my Estate and both Principal 
and Interest to be paid him when at age Likewise I give him the House and 
Lotts in Philadelphia the Nortli side Arch Street which I bouglit of William 
Pywell And that he be brought up and Educated till he be bound apprentice 
out of the Rents and Issues of my Estate I will and bequeatli to my Cozen 
Elizabeth Derklnderen the Brick House and Corner Lott in the High Street 
in Burlington which I bought Last of Simon Nightengale to her and her heirs 
and Assigns for ever Likewise the Bed and all the furniture belonging to the 
Room She usually Lodges in I give to my Father in I^aw John Budd Ten 
Pounds pr annm during his Natural Life I give To my Sister in Law Ann 
Wheeler as a token of my Love Twenty-live Pounds and to my late appren- 
tice Jolm Stapleford live pounds to my Dear Sister Ruth Banfill Twenty five 
Pounds Sterling to my Aunt Elizabetli Devit Twenty five pounds Irish Cur- 
rency to the Poor of Philadelphia in General Ten Pounds. To the Poor Com- 
municants of the Episcopal Church in that City five pounds to the Church at 
Burlington Ten pounds to be Disposed of as the ^'estry may think proper and 
to my good friend Benjamin Pollard of Boston as a token of my friendship I 
give him my Two Volums of Chambers's Dictionary in Case he survives me 
I will tliey be sent him Moreover I will and bequeath to my Dear AVife Mary 
over k above what is already mentioned One hundred Pounds Value in sucli of 
my Household Goods as she shall please to make Choise of And I give will and 
Bequeath all the Residue and Remainder of my Estate both Real and Personal 
(subject nevertheless to the above) Avherever it may be found to my Eledest 
Son .Jolm Baynton to him and his Heirs and assigns forever And I appoint 
and Ordain my Dear Wife so long as she remains a Widow my Son John 
together with my very good Friends Jossua Madox and Thomas Bourn of 
Philadelphia Merchts to be Executors of this my Last Will and Testament 
To whom I give as a token of my most friendly regards To Jossua Madox my 
Gold ring set with Emeraulds and to Thomas Bourn my Gold Clasps. 
■■" -'•" my three Silver Tankards to my Nephew Peter Banfill ^' * 
to Ten Poor Widows three of them in Burlington and Seven in Philadelphia 
such as ray Executors may nominate Ten pounds to each and to my God 
children Daniel Jone's Daughter Ann Josua Madox's Daughter Mary Charles 
AVillings: son Thomas Samuel Ilassell's son Samuel and to Alexander Wood- 
rofs Daughter Sarah to each the said Children fifty pounds And out of the 
Residue or Remainder of my Estate two hundred & fifty pounds towards the 
building of a New Episcopal Church in Philadelphia— if began to be built 
within one year after my childrens decease And my Will is that those Several 
Legacy's be paid within two years after my Childrens decease '•'' * 

Declared by the Testator to be his Last Will in the Presence of us Colin 
Campbell Mary C:unpbell Rebecca Bard." 



IN BURLINGTON. 



261 



Memorandm 



LEGACIES FROM THOMAS LEEDS. 



That the sum of Eight pounds being a 
legacy left to the Eevd Mr Camp- 
bell by Thos Leeds late of Burling- 
ton Deceasd, was paid to Him by 
John Allen of the same place I]sq. 
one of the Executors of the sd "Will 
the 14 of Decbr 1743 in full of sd 
Legacy of which he the sd Colin 
Campbell acknowledge himself fully 
satistied and paid as "Jj* Eect of ye 
sd Date 

Also That the sd John Allen paid into the 
hands of the Cliurch "Wardens Eevel 
Elton & "William Lyndon for this pres- 
ent year 1744 the sum of twenty pounds 
being also a legacy of the said Thos 
Leeds left to the sd Church as acknow- 
ledged bv their receipt bearing date 
March 17th 1743 



1 



J 



£8 00 



20 



Also paid by Jno. Allen into the Hands 
of the above said Church Wardens 
the sum of Nine pounds being 
another Legacy left by sd Leeds to 
tlie Church afd as by their Receii)t 
dated August the 9th 1744 

— MS. Account Boa-t. 



GIFT OF SILVER PLATE. 

In 1745, the Parish received a piece of silver which, in Sep- 
tember, 1839, — nearly a hundred years afterwards — was made 
into an alms-bason, having engraved in its centre, a plain Latin 
cross, above which are the letters J H S surmounted with a 
semi-circular halo. (3u the bottom of the bason, in Roman let- 
ters, is the following : " This plate given to the Rev'd Mr. 
Campbell by Mrs. Katherine Pierce, for the use of St. Mary's 
Church in Burlington. 1745." 



UNUSUALLY IMPORTANT ACTIOX OF THE VESTRY. 

" Ax Abstract of the proceedings of the Minister Ch : "NVar- 
dens and Yestry of S' Anne's Church in Burlington on the 19"' 
day of November A D 1745, of & Concerning the Sale of a Tract 
of Town bound Land belonging to the said Church toward the 
purchaseing of a Convenient House & Lot for a Glebe or Par- 



262 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

sonage house for the accoramodatiou and Use of the present 

Incumbent & his Successors &c 

" Being met. Present the Rev** M"" Colix Campbell 

a M^ William Lyndon ") ^, , ^rr 7 
" M^ Joseph White jun^ j ^^""'^^^ ^^ ''''^"'' 

" John Allen E.sq'^ 

" Revel Elton Esq^ 

" DocT^ Tho^ Shaw 

" M^ W*' Heuling } Vestry men 

" M^ Stephen Williams 

" M^ John Budd 

" M^ Rowland Ellis 

" The Rev'^ AP Campbell having at Sundry times heretofore 
signified to the Vestry the difficulties he labour'd under for 
want of a Convenient house to dwell in, the old parsonage house 
being gone to Decay and Scituated in a vary unhealthy place to 
live at (if repaird) That in a former Vestry it was Resolved 
that the Land belonging to this Church adjoyning to Schuylers 
Plantation sho'd be sold in order to buy or build a dwelling 
house for y' use and purpose, which remains yet to be done for 
want of buyers ; That the s*^ Land for years past is found by ex- 
perience to have been much dirainish'd in its value by reason of 
the waste & Consumption made by ill minded people cutting 
and clandestinely carrying away the wood & timber thereof 
and in process of Time (if not disposed of now to Richard Smith 
juu'' who offers a valuable consideration for it) in all probability 
it will fetch but a mean price : That by the sale of this Tract of 
Land which brings neither profit to the Church nor any advan- 
tage to the JNIinister as it lies, together with some Legacies and 
other moneys being now become the property of the Church 
such a Conveniency may be had, by purchasing the house & Lot 
of Jn° Kemble at this juncture on Sale: Upon this Remon- 
strance the A'estry went to view the afores'^ House and Lot of 
s'' Kemble and finding y'^ premises very suitable and Commodi- 
ous for the purposes afores'' returned to the House Of Thomas 
Hunloke at the sign of the Angel in Burlington to Treat with 
said Kemble and further to consult proper measures for Effect- 
ing and accomplishing the same. 



IN BURLINGTOX. 263 

^' Her late Majesty Queeu Ann's Charter being openly read 
and the powers and priviledges therein largely contained tho- 
roughly weighed and rightly considered and Council had thereon 

" And the Question being put whether the above mention'd 
Tract of Land be sold after some Debate had about the sale 
thereof Resolved Nemine Contradicente That the afores*^ Tract of 
Land adjoyning to Schuylers Plantation and belonging to this 
Church be Conveyd by Deed from this Corporation to Eichard 
Smith jun'' of Burl" to whom the same is sold for the sum of 
Seventy five pounds Lawful proclamation money in hand paid, 
which said Sum of Seventy five pounds being bona fide the full 
value for which the same Land is sold too;ether with other monevs 
given to the said Church is now laid out in the purchase of the 
same John Kembles House and premises which this Corporation 
after some offers purchased of the same Jn° Kemble and Anne 
his Wife for the sum of one hundred and Seventy five pounds 
procl" money as an Augmention to the Church to Continue in 
Succession to perpetuity pursuant to the Charter as by a firm 
and absolute Conveyance thereof made by the s"^ John Kemble 
and Anne his wife to the use of y*" s'^ Church bearing Date De- 
cember the 24 A D 1745 or the Inrollraent thereof in the Secre- 
tarys Office at Burlington more largely appears In which Deed 
by Consent of the Minister Church Wardens tfc Vestry men now 
present this Clause is incerted, Viz. That in Case of y^ Death or 
removal of the present Minister or of any other Lawful and 
Orthodox Minister that may hereafter succeed in the Cure of 
this Church ; Its consented to and agreed, That the s'* Dwelling 
house and premises as now purchas'd with the Church's money, 
shall be and remain in the Trust and Care of the Church War- 
dens then being who are hereby Order'd and directed to take 
Care thereof and to Lett the Same for the benefit of the Church 
during such vacancy as it shall seem most meet and Convenient 
to them with the advice and Concurrence of the Vestry for v'' 
uses aforesaid any thing in the said Deed contained to the Con- 
trary thereof in any wise Xotwithstanding : And for a further 
satisfaction to those that shall come hereafter and may be Con- 
cerned in the affairs of this Church as this Vestry is at present, 
Its Ordered and Agreed that the above minute be drawn at 



264 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

Large and Engrossed in the Church Book whereby it appears 

upon what grounds the Vestry proceeded in this matter and tlie 

necessity requiring the sale of the one and the purchase made of 

the other and both justified and Supported by our Excellent 

Charter 

"By Order of the Vestry Rowland Ellis Secry.'' 

— IIS. Account Book. 

A CENTENNARIAX. 

The Parish Register has this entry : " May 30th, 1746, mem- 
orandum. This day came to hear me preach at the house of 
Henry Cooper in Northampton Township ; the Widdow Bell ; 
born in New England a poor woman mantained by said town- 
ship ; aged as she told me before my whole Congregation there, 
one hundred and two years ; had her eye sight and hearing per- 
fectly well, walked upright, and had the entire use all her other 
faculties ; witness. Colin Campbell, miur at Burlington." 

A PARSOXAGE PURCHASED. 

Minister and Churchwardens of Burlington to the Secretary. 
" Burlington New Jersey June 2*^ 1746. 
" Rev° Sir 

" "We the Minister & Churchwardens of S' Marys Church in 
Burlington in behalf of the Vestry and congregation of s*^ Church 
beg leave to embrace this opportunity of returning our thankful 
Acknowledgm' to the Hon"® Society and our worthy benefactrix 
(if alive) for the handsome donation, of forty pounds sterl. which 
we received November last and in as much as we have a Bell 
already and a parsonage house being very much wanting we 
unanimously concluded the money could not be better laid out 
than in purchasing of such a house which we have now done 
with a convenient garden lott at the rate of £110 sterl. ^ Ex- 
cli°^ for the use and benefit of our present incumbent and hLS^ 
successors in office forever — the which we could not have done 
nor accomplished without that donation — We cannot indeed 
boast of our liberality hitherto to our Missionary because several 
of our wealthiest of our Members are lately dead and the remain- 
ing among us are realy not of ability but our purcha-seing of this 
house and new fencing our burying [ground^ may be Testimo- 



IN BURLINGTON. 265 

nies of our good will— We can say with truth that mutual love 
and respect subsists between us and our Missionary which will 
we hope induce the Society to continue the means of grace 
among us and not think the worse of us because poor— AVe hope 
ere this comes to hand the Providence of God who sets bounds 
to the rageings of the Sea and the madness of the people has put 
a check to that unnatural rebellion we hear has broke out in our 
mother Country and the nation restored to peace in the free ex- 
ercise of their Religion and liberties which with our hearty 
prayers to God for the success of the Gospell which may God 
continue to prosper in your hands as worthy instruments is and 
shall be the sincere prayers of 
" D'^ S^ 

" Your most obliged & sincere 
" Friends & hble Servants 

" Colin Campbet. 3Iin''. 

" William Lyndon \ ^,, jrarc/ens." 

''Joseph uhiteju'' J 

THE society's HOUSE BURNT TO THE GROUND. 

Jlr. Campbell to the Secretary. 

" Burlington June 28, 1748. 
" Rev° Dear Sir, 

" I wrote Nov'" last two Letters the one by the Ship AVidow 
Capt" White, who I hear is taken, the other by Capt" Maun 
of New York ; but knows not whether either reach'd your 
hands, wherein I acknowledged the receipt of yours by M" 
Sturgeon; and one since the Postscript dated Nov' last the 3'^ 
I have now nothing material to acquaint you with respect to my 
Cure, but that we remain in the same unity & good order as I 
formerly wrote; But I'm sorry to acquaint you that on the 
eighth day of March last, the wind strong at N West, a poor 
Man liveing in the Societys House either by his carelessness in 
not sweeping the Chimneys or by some other Accident unknown 
the House at Midday catch'd Fire & marr'd all endeavours to 
quench it, burnt down to the Ground ; and little or nothing 



2(36 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

saved but some old Iron & the Bricks,t I happened that day to 
be burying a Man at Bristol, but was told when I return'd that 
it was impossible to save it, the shingles being so old & dry ; 
The Society are certainly at no great loss by this Accident ; altho' 
I'm heartily sorry it happened; because I have from time to 
time acquainted them of its runious condition and would have 
fallen to ground of itself in a year or two more ; and but three 
Months before the Accident happened I enquired of some Trades- 
men here what they would give for the Materials & pull it down 
themselves (they answer'd no more than Ten pound Sterling p'" 
exchange) so dear is the price of all labour here ; and as to the 
Societys ordering £15 Sterling to defend their rights ag^' Burge, 
I find since that Decon has made a private bargain with Burge 
of his share in debate & would have me alone carry on a Law 
Suit with Burge in the Society's Name which I refused to do 
until I had acquainted them and therefore have not drawn upon 
the Society till further orders ; I beg you'l be pleased to acquaint 
the Society that I want to be indulged with their leave to come 
to London to transact the Executory of a Brother of mine lately 
deceased in the West Indies most of his afJairs being in the hands 
of Merchants in London ; I have now been upwards of 10 years 
in the Society's service and cannot reproach myself with any 
misconduct in my station tho' matters don't turn out here agree- 
able to our wishes, yet I think I have by the Gi'ace of God done 
what I could ; I have drawn upon the Treasurer for one half 
years Salary ; let me know the Society's mind concerning the 
above request as soon as conveniently you can — 
" I am Rev** Dear Sir, 

" Your most obliged humble Servant 

"CoLix Campbell," 



f "Old men among ns still remember a cellar, which was said in their boy- 
hood to belong to this house. Tliis cellar was tilled up, when improvements 
were made, some years ago, in tliat quarter. The huge buttonwoods aixi wil- 
lows, in that vicinity, are possibly, the only survivors of its trees." Eev. Win. 
Allen Johnson's 31S. lecture, delivered at Library Hall, Bwrlinrjton, Feb. 
im, 1870. 



IN BURLINGTON. 267 

MUTUAL LOVE BETWEEN PASTOR AND PEOPLE. 

Mr. Campbell to the Secretary. Extract. 

" Burlington July 5^'^ 1749. 
" Rev'' Dear Sir 

"I cheerfully and conscientiously make it my study to 

answer the Society's good purposes by Preaching, statedly to my 
three Congregations of Burlington Bristol and Mountholly, who 
are all peaceable and orderly, mutuall love subsisting between 
us ; since my last have baptized 8 Adults 26 Infants and receive 
to the Communion at Burlington 50— at Bristol 14 and at 
Mountholly 10 persons ; I love not to amuse the Society with 
pompous accounts, but shall always strictly keep to truth, altho 
not generally rewarded with that favour, that impudence and 
pompous Boasting without modesty and distant from truth 
meets with ; which I hope the coming of Bishops here which I 
hear the Parliament have taken into consideration, will effectu- 
ally prevent ; and reward conscientious raissionarys and dis- 
courage those that are not." 

INCREASED FACIIJTIES FOR TRAVEL. 

" In 1751, a boat left 'Crooked billet wharf,' Philadelphia, 
once a week for Burlington, whence ' a stage wagon with a good 
awning'— kept by Fretwell AVright at the 'Blue Anchor in 
Burlington,' John Predraore at Cranberry, and James Wilson 
at Amboy Ferry — ran to the latter place, where ' good enter- 
tainment for man and horse would be found' at the house of 
Obadiah Ayres. Great dependence seems to have been laid upon 
the attractions of their passage-boat between Amboy and New 
York, which was commanded by Matthew Iseltine. She is 
described as having 'a, fine commodious cabin, fitted up with a 
tea table, and sundry other conveniences.' It was believed that 
by this route passengers could go through in twenty-four or thirty 
hours less time than by any other."— WhiteheacVs Perth Amboy. 

DEATH AND BEQUEST OF THE PARISH CLERK. 

In 1752, Mr. Campbell reports that " Mr. Paul AVatkinson, 
who had been clerk of St. Mary's Church from the year 1707, 



268 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

{forty-jive years,) died lately much lamented, and had left his 
house with a lot of land, worth a hundred pounds sterling, after 
the death of his widow, to the repairs of that Church for ever." 
The headstone, for the grave of this old worthy, may be seen 
in the East wall (outside) of the chancel of the old St. Mary's; 
it's inscription reads: "Here Lieth the Body of Paul Wat- 
KiNSOX who Departed this Life the 10 of July 1752 Aged 72 
years." 

CHANGE OF STYLE IX RECKOXIXG TIME. 

The change of style in reckoning time, took place in England, 
by legislative enactment, after the 2d of Sep., 1752, that being 
ihe last day of Old Style, and the 14th instead of the 3d, being 
the first day of New Style ; and the legal year which had pre- 
viously begun Avith the 25th of March, (Feast of the Annuncia- 
tion, commonly called Lady-Day,) was made to begin M'ith the 
first of January. This should be kept in mind in reading the 
preceding portion of this History. 

AX extraordinary storm. 

The following is from Mrs. Campbell's household account 
book : " It was very remarkable that upon Tuesday, the 10th 
day of March, 1752, we had the severest gust of thunder and 
lightning, attended with snow and hail, which continued from 
one o'clock in the afternoon until five, without intermission. 
The like has not been known by the memory of the oldest 
people. Mr. Campbell rode to Mt. Holly in the midst of it, 
and Dr. Ross along with him." [Dr. John Ross, a physician 
residing at Mount Holly.] 

the churchwardexs' accouxts for several years. 

"April 19 \This day William Lyndon & Abrm Heulings the present Church 
1759 J Wardens Exhibited "their aocos which for several years past have 
Remained open and unsettled, and are as follows, Viz 



IN BURLINGTON. 



269 



"ABRAHAM HEULIXGS ESQR DR. 

To sundries as '^ his Acct of particulars 
for Collection money, subscription 
money for Kent, and for Cash reed 
of William Lyndon &c from his 
being hrst Elected as Ch. Warden 
to the above Date, in tlie whole the 
sum of Eighty Six pounds thirteen 
Shillings & five pence J 

Bailee due A. H 



£86 


13 


5k 


9 


16 


2 


90 


9 


7} 



" WILLIAM LYNDON DR. 

^' To Charity Money Box Do &c now remain- 
ing in his hands the sum of 

"To Cash remaining Do for Kent 



£7 I 12 



PR CONTRA CR. 



By Sundry Disbursements for repairing 
the Kitchen belonging to the 
Clark's house as the Church's 
property, for Cash pd for the Large 
Avindow in the East end of said 
Church The Clarks Salary for 4 
Years past and other Disbursmts 
to Wm Lyndon &c In the whole 
the sum of Ninety six pounds Nine 
shill and seven i)ence halfpenny... 

— 3IS. Account Book. 



£96 



7^- 



TIIE MISSIONARY S LABOUR XOT IX YAIX. 

In 1759, Mr. Campbell writes, that " he goe.s on with cheer- 
fulness and diligence in performing the duties of his several 
churches at Burlington, Mount Holly, and Bristol, not only by 
reading the public service and preaching, but also by publicly 
catechising the youth, and grounding them in the principles of 
our holy faith ; and he hath the satisfaction to find that his 
labour is not in vain." 



THE CHURCHAVARDEXS ACCOUXTS APPROYED. 

April the Ith 1760 Easter Monday Abraham 
Ileulinxjs and William Lyndon the Present 
Church Wardens Eriiibited their Accompts 
which being inspected proved and Allowed of 
by the Vestry are as follows Vizt 



Abraham Heulings Charges himself from 1 
the_19th day of April 1756 with the fol- | 
lowing Articles by him Receivd as | 
Church Warden to this Dav J 



Dr. 



270 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 



To Collections at tiie Door Reed in the] 

whole £! 

To Cash by subscriptions reed the sum of £j 

To Ditto Kecd of Fr Gifling for Eent £l 

To Do Eecd of William Lyndon £' 

To Do Kecd of John Tvlee rent £ 



NB Left in his liands a Note of "Willm 
AVhite on Interest Principal sum is £4 13.s 
(kl and one Do of J ho Tylee for £2 os Od 
doubtfull 

Ballance of "Willm Lyndon, the other! 
Church Warden's accompt of Charity 
Money £7 15s lld\ 

Bain of sd Lyndon's Collection | 

Money £0 lis 8d\ 



PER. COXTRA CR, 



By Cash pd for Wine, Bread, & sundries in' 



all. 



12 


00 


lOJ 


45 


18 


2 


31 


10 





20 


OS 





2 


05 





112 


02 


0^ 



£8 



£4 
£27 



By Do pd Wm Borradaill, Moses Thomas 1 
Jno Neal and Joseph Ferguson the j- 
sum of J 

To Cash paid Francis Gifling the Clk to 

this Day ' £64 

To Do pd Jos Rockhill Jno Neal Moses ^ 

Thomas and Joseph flerguson for the > 14 
window at ye East end of ye Church J 

To Cash paid Is: Heulings this Day April 

7th ; ...' 00 

Balance due to ye Church in his hands 01 



-MS. Account Book. 



112 



01 

12 
00 
04 



17 
06 

02 



6J- 



6 



4 
1 



,MR. CAMPBELL IN CONVENTION AT PHILADELPHIA. 

May 20, 1761, Wednesday. At a convention of the clergy 
held in Philadelphia, among the twelve clergymen present was 
the Rev. Mr. Campbell. 

"The Rev. Dr. Smith was elected president, and with Rev. 
Mr. Reading, was appointed to wait upon the governor, to 
request his approbation of our present meeting, and his protec- 
tion during our sitting. 

" The gentlemen reported that the governor was pleased to 
say that he could have no possible objection to our meeting 
together, and that we might depend upon his countenance and 
protection at all times." — Don-'s History, p. 125. 



IX BUP.LIXGTOX. 271 

COIMMENCEMENT AT THE PHILADELPHIA ACADEMY. 

Jfr. ( hmpbefl to the Sec-retary. Extract. 

"Burlington June 26, 1761. 
" Rev" D« Sie : 

" I had the honor with some others of my Brethren in 

the Mission of this Province, upon invitation to be at Phila- 
delphia, the middle of last month when there M'as a commence- 
ment in that Academy under the Presidency of T)^ Smith where 
the youth who received their degrees acquitted themselves with 
general approbation, beyond what could well be expected from 
such an Infant institution labouring under such a variety of 
discouragements. When the day after a voluntary convention 
of the Clergy in the Mission of that Province met at Philadel- 
phia; and we of this Province were kindly and Brotherly invited 
to join them ; having obtained leave of their Governor for that 
purpose for a free meeting and a conference with one another 
where among other things D'' Smith who presided at the con- 
vention produced a copy of an answer to a letter wrote by M' 
M'^Clennachan to the Arch Bishop of Canterbury. The answer 
so judicious fatherly and indulgent ; and at the same time set- 
ting M'' M'^Clennachan's conduct, in such a true and fair light, 
turning his own Argum*^so home upon himself; That we unan- 
imously voted our sincere thanks to the good Arch Bishop ; for 
his charitable opinion of us, when exparte misrepresented to him 
by M'^Clennachan and his adherents and humbly requested his 
Grace would graciously condescend to permit said answer to be 
printed for the benefit of the community as well as for the 
advancement of Religion in general in these parts ; The Arch 
Bishops pl'ognosticks have not failed to come to pass his partys 
zeal every date abates ; his warmest friends have deserted him ; 
So that in the end he will have sufficient cause to lament his 
rash and imprudent conduct ; and undutieful behaviour to his- 

superiours. 

" I am Rev'' D"" Sir &c 

" Colin Campbell." 



272 HISTORY OF THE CHUllCH 

LARGE NUMBER BAPTIZED. 

Ill 1761, "the Society's Missionary at Burlington, and visiting 
occasionally Mount Holly and Bristol, reports, in the three 
places, seventy-four baptisms and fifty communicants." 

MOUNT HOLLY CONGREGATION RECEIVES A CHECK. 

3Ir. Campbell to the Secretary. Extract. 

"Burlington Dec'- 26, 1761. 
" Rey° D« Sir 

" I hope you rece'd ray last of June 26"' I can write you now 
of no materiall alterations in the state of my congregations since 
— That of Burlington and Bristol continue to be decent and 
orderly and lately many of the old people have died in a man- 
ner suddenly by violent pleuretich disorders occasioned by 
sudden alterations in the weather here; which runs upon 
extreams of heats and cold and these places much decline in 
trade which occasions the young people to remove where they 
may profit themselves better in lands or trade where the Country 
is more extensive by means of our good success against our 
enemies and the generality of the people have bent their minds 
in a more than ordinary degree ; after the world I am aftraid to 
the too much neglect of labouring after the bread which perishes 
not because of the present temptations they meet with and the 
extraordinary encouragement the farmer getts for every thing he 
raises wdiich has advanced the price of our provisions and fire 
wood since the seat of the "War has been here at least a C from 
what it was seven years ago inso much that it is with the utmost 
difficulty that we of the Mission can support our families — My 
Congregation at INIountholly, which was a very flourishing one 
has lately received a cheque ; by means of some Enthusiastical 
people who have connections with some of that stamp in Phila- 
delphia under the Ministry of M'" M'^Clenachan who having 
upon my refuseing the use of my pulpit to that Gentleman en- 
deavoured to raise a schism among the people of that part of 
my Congregation and altho my remonstrance and reasons given' 
to the people why I deny my pulpit to M'' M'^Clenachan (are 
cogent) viz. that he left the Societys service in a manner tiiat did 
him no honor, that he had no licence from the Bishop of London 



IN BURLINGTON. 273 

to preach here and that they not only transgressed the rules of 
•obedience to their lawful Pastors in the Church but ev^en those 
of common honesty for about sixteen years ago they made a 
deed of Gift of their Church to the Society and to the Mission of 
Burlinsrton in trust and his lawful Successors in Office for the 
Society of which I am the only surviving Trustee and all this 
iinder their own hands now in the public records of this Prov- 
ince. But neither reason nor remonstrance can have much 
weight with people who are blindly led by a man and in a man- 
ner a stranger to them who prepossesses them with notions that 
he alone is the only preacher of Christ in America; and all in 
the Mission M'ithout exception are Arminians immoral men ; 
advanceing the dignity of humane nature &c. These are high 
■char2;es but he has made no other proof of this but his own sav 
so ; in order to establish his own reputation ; at the expence of 
the characters of his brethren; the one third part of whom ; he 

does not so much as personally know 

" I am with due regard and esteem Rev'' Sir &c 

" CoLix Campbell." 

:maeriage of a baronet. 

The Parish Register has the following : '* By His Excellency 
Josiah Hardy's Licence Directed to me, March y** 17"", 1762, 
were Lawfully Married S"*' John S' Clair Barronet and Eliza- 
beth Moreland, Gentlewoman, according to the Rites and Cere- 
mony of the Church of England, by me 

" CoLix Campbell, Missionary."" 

STRAYIXG SHEEP EETURXIXG. 

In a letter dated June 25, 1762, Mr. Campbell " with pleasure 
acquaints the Society, that his straying sheep, who ran after Mr. 
Macleuaghan's party,t are by the blessing of God on his en- 
deavours, reduced to a sense of their sin in a causeless separa- 
tion, and are returning daily to their proper fold." 



f For further infoDuation respecting Eev. "\Vm. Maclenachan.see Collections 
P. E. J-Ii.it. Soc, Vol. II, pp. 250-255. 



274 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

A CONVENTION AT BUELINGTON. 

Mi\ CoMphell and others to the Secretary/. Extracts. 

" Burlington New Jersey Ocf 1, 17G2. 
"Rey^' Sir: 

"It has been the custom of the Clergy in this Province fur 
some years past in conformity to the printed instructions of the 
Society, to meet together annually at a stated time for the benefit 
of mutual advice & assistance and in order to inform ourselves 
of the state of religion in the different parts of the Province and 
if necessary to transmit accounts thereof to the Society, accord- 
ingly we have at different times addressed them on various sub- 
jects that have fallen under our consideration. 

" We have now a convention at Burlington and several mat- 
ters have come before us, of which in due time we shall take 
lib9rty to inform that Venerable Board. * * 

" With our duty to the Society, We beg leave to subscribe 
ourselves their and particularly 

" Rev"^ Sir &c 
" Sam"- Cooke Rich" Charlton Iliss'-^ for 

" T. B. Chandler Staten Island 
" Rob"^ M^Kean Isaac Brown 

" (yOLiN Campbell." 

address OP the clergy TO THE SECRETARY. 

"Perth Amboy New Jersey, Dec. 6th, 1762. 
"Rev'd Sir: 

"The Clergy of this Province together with the Rev'd Mr, 
Charlton of New York having occasionally met together in 
Amboy beg leave to address the Venerable Society and to repre- 
sent several particulars which are apprehended to be of some 
importance to the Church in this Province. * * 

" While we were lately together at Burlington application was 
also made to us in behalf of a large body of people living in 
Mountholly who profess themselves Members of the Church of 
England and have been under the care of the Rev'd Mr. Camp- 
bell. They represent that such services as Mr. Campbell is 
able to do them consistent with his duty to the other parts of 



IX BURLIXGTOX. 275 

his Mission are inadequate to their wants. They set forth their 
spiritual necessities in the most earnest and moving manner and 
beo" us for Christ's sake to make known their case to the Hon- 
orable Society. As nothing less seems to be sufficient than a 
new Missionary in that quarter we informed them what qualifi- 
cations would be expected by the Society previous to such a 
request and promised that when they should be thus qualified 
we would recommend them as they desired. * * 

" RicHD. Ch Jlrltox, Isaac Browxe, 

"CoLix Campbell, Saml. Cooke, 

"T. B. Chandler, Robt. McKeax." 

REMOVALS HIX^DER THE GROWTH OF THE CHURCH. 

J/?'. Caniphell to the Secretary. Extract. 

" Burlington Janry 4'*^ 1763. 
" Rev° D« Sir " 

" The Government here has been good enough to indulge 
us at Burlington with a lottery for the benefit of our Church for 
the necessary repairs of the Church being the most antient in the 
Province and the repairs of the Parsonage house which I hope 
as it is now full and drawing it will turn much to our advan- 
tage ; Burlington tho' a pleasant Village upon the River Dela- 
ware yet a place of little or no trade being shakled therein by 
Philadelphia being nigher the Sea ; hinders its increase of In- 
habitants and the wealthiest people in it being Quakers having 
the start of any Church people — settling here altho' settled earlier 
than any Mission in the Province ; yet for want of trade the 
young people of the Church persuasion are unwillingly foi'ced 
to remove to other parts where they may advance their lively- 
hood which much hinders the growth of the Church ; yet I can 
with truth and pleasure assure the Society that the few among 
us and sincere hearty and religious members with whom I have 
now lived these twenty five years in the greatest love harmony 
peace & quietness studying my own business and continuing in 
the esteem of our Quaker Neighbours. — Rev"^ Sir &c 

"Colin Campbell." 



27G HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

GOVERNOR FRANKLIN. t 

Governor Franklin and his wife ^ arrived in the Delaware 
River in February, 1763; and reached Perth Araboy on the 
twenty-fourth of that month. He was received with the usual 
demonstrations of respect, had his commission publicly read, 
and took the oaths of office there. In a few days he proceeded 
to Burlington, and published his commission there, according 
to the usual custom. These two places had been the seats of the 
separate governments of East and AVest Jersey, under the pro- 
prietors, and after the two were united by the surrender to the 
Queen in 1702, they continued down to the Revolution to be 
alternately the places at which the legislatures met, and the 
courts of the province were held. Congratulatory addresses 
were made to him from all quarters. He soon took his residence at 
Burlington, occupying, during a considerable part of his time, 
a house situate on the beautiful banks of the river there, where 
he remained until 1774. Elmer s Biographical Sketches, p. 52. 

PEACE WITH ONE ANOTHER, AND WITH DISSENTERS. 

31r. Cahipbell to the Secretari/. Extract. 

" Burlington June 25^'^ 1763. 
"Rev^' Sir 

" I can with truth and pleasure acquaint the Society that 

my several congregations live peaceably with one another as well 

t William Franklin, Governor and Chancellor of the colony of New Jersey, 
son of Dr. Benjamin Franklin, was carefully educated, aided his father in his 
philosophical experiments, and, llirough his influence, was appointed clerk of 
the House of Assembly of Pennsylvania, and postmaster at Philadelphia. 

When his father was appointed tiie agent for Pennsylvania (and afterwards 
of New .Jersey) in England, the son had leave from the Assembly to resign his 
office of clerk, that he might accompany him to London. There he entered 
the ^liddle Temple, to prepare as a lawyer in Philadelphia, and was called to 
be a barrister ; afterward he received from the University of Oxfoi'd the hon- 
orary degree of Master of Arts. 

In 1762, he was appointed Governor of the Province of New Jersey, an 
office then much sought for. The first announcement of this preferment is 
stated to have been by a paragraph in tlie newspaper : " This morning, was 
married at St. George's Cliurcli, Hanover Square, William Franklin, Escp, 
tlie newly ajipointed Governor of New Jersey, to Miss Elizabeth Downes, of 
St. James' Street." Elmer's Sketches, p. 59. 

J As introductory to the other evidences — which Mill hereafter appear — 
that the wife of Gov. Franklin took a practical interest in the parish, it is 
Avorthy of mention, that a card still preserved [1876,] has these words : "Mrs. 
Franklin's compl'ts to Mr. Campbell & has sent a surplice which she desires 
may be presented to the Church of Burlington. Novbr 16: " 



IN BURLINGTON. 277 

as with those who dissent from ns ; and are in an encreasing 
state in so much that that of Burlington are about enlarging the 
Church from the profits of a lottery they obtained lately thro' 
favor of the Government and that of Mount holly have finished a 
new Gallery for the reception of people who were so crowded t in 
the bodv of the Church that before rendered it verv inconveinent. 
"We hear with joy that amongst other blessings on the con- 
firmation of the late peace that God hath put into the hearts of 
his Majesty and those in authority under him to see the expedi- 
ency of appointing a Bishop for the superintendency of the 

Churches and Clergy of the Episcopal Churches here 

"Rev" Sir &c 

" CoLix Campbell." 

" THE PEOPLE SINX'ERE, HEARTY AND RELIGIOUS." 

"In 1763, he reports no less than 115 baptisms, and in his three 
congregations fifty persons added to the communion ; and assures 
the Society that the people of his Mission are sincere, hearty and 
religious, with whom he hasalways lived in the greatest harmony." 

"on the verge of sixty." 

In 1763, Mr. Campbell writes, that " being now on the verge 
of sixty, and greatly weakened by an inflammatory fever, which 
settled in his thigh, and confined him all the month of January, 
he finds he cannot perform his duty with the same activity as 
formerly; but trusts he shall, through God's assistance, do his 
utmost in the discharge of his duty to God and the Society." 

"absolute necessity of ax itinerant missionary." 

Ji/-. Campheli to the Secretary. Extract. 

"Burlington Julv 30'" 1764. 
" R D'- Sir, 

"The peo[)les Religion is more now than heretofore 

measured by the number of Sermons they hear and the fre- 

t In 1763, he states that "this congregation, [of Mt. Holly] which at his first 
coming consisted of hut four families of the Church of England, is so increased 
by the divine blessing on his endeavour, that they think of applying to be made 
a separate mission. In 1761, they bound themselves to the Society to pay a 
missionary 30/. sterling. In that year, he baptized ninety-six infants and 
nineteen adults. In the next year, he baptized one hundred and sixteen 
infants and seven adults." 



278 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

quency of them, no such matter about the practice as an idle 
speculative, faith is so much insisted upon and preached up by 
y'' variety of Enthusiastical Dissenters of all kinds; and if the 
Missionarys don't preach thrice of a clay in the long parching hot 
Summer sultry days, and twice a day in the shortest most bitter 
& intense Frost if they ride abroad their feet and Noses may be 
ready to drop off by the severity of the Weather ; they are not 
in their Dialect a pains taking ; Soul saving Ministers ; but idle 
Drones hirelings &c for my own part I have seen so much of 
these things in my Youth in North Brittain that early gave me 
a dislike to these things, & inclined me to seek after a rational 
Religion that tends to peace harmony & order & is a stranger 
to every evil work and confusion ; all which I have found to be 
verified both in the doctrine & worship of the Church of Eng- 
land ; upon the whole there is certainly an .absolute necessity 
of an Itinerant Missionary in the Western parts of this Province 
where is none but myself in this County, neither any in Glouces- 
ter Salem Cumberland or Cape May Counties to the Westward 
of me; if the Society wo'^ be pleased to establish such a Mission 
and make Mountholly head quarters & they comply with their 
security in such case I believe they would be found to be Men 
of Conscience and zeal but to insist so selfishly upon one for 
themselves alone I do not think so right however have promised 
and now do to set their case and Petition before the Society. 
" I am Rev'^ D'' Sir, Your most ob hble Servant 

" Colin Campbell." 

four suffragans suggested. 

In " Thoughts upon the present state of the Church of Eng- 
land in America," "written in 1764, — Author uncertain," — we 
have the following: 

" His Majesty's Royal Protection is extended to Protestants 
of all Denominations, and the Church of England humbly hopes 
for it in this instance of settling Bishops in America. This 
appointment is not only useful but necessary to the welfare of 
that Church, to the regular administration of its offices and pur- 
poses of Religion and Virtue which is the end of its establish- 
ment. This design appears reasonable in itself, and free from 
every material Inconvenience or just objection: And if his 



IN BURLINGTON. 279 

Majesty, upon a view of the Equity, the Safety, and Advantage 
of it, thinks fit to give orders for carrying it into execution, the 
mode must be referred to his Majesty's Determination. How- 
ever, the following thoughts are humbly submitted for con- 
sideration, which occur after reflecting upon it, and which 
though imperfect may excite better. 

" Four suffragan Bishops to the See of Canterbury or London 
may be appointed by the King in conformity to the Statute in 
the twenty-sixth year of Henry YIII. * * 

" First. The Residence of the four Bishops might be at 
Burlington in New Jersey, or at New York. His Diocese 
might comprehend all that is East of the River Delaware. 

"Second. At "William and Mary's College at "Williamsburg 
in Virginia. His Diocese might comprehend all that is west 
of the River Delaware as far as the Southern Boundary of 
North Carolina. 

" Third. At Charlestown in South Carolina. His Diocese 
might comprehend all from the Northern Boundary of South 
Carolina to the Gulf of Florida, and also the Island of Jamaica, 
for the passage to Jamaica is said to be easier from the Conti- 
nent than the other Islands. 

"Fourth. At Coddrington College in Barbadoes. His Diocese 
might comprehend all the Islands, exclusive of Jamaica. * * 

" If this Proposal is not thought fit to be taken into con- 
sideration at this Juncture, there is little reason to hope for it 
ever succeeding. But the wise and good men in general are 
convinced from Reason and Experience, that the appointment 
of Bishops in America would have been at all times of con- 
siderable service, and is now become much more necessary for 
the cultivating Religion and Virtue, for the Propagating Prin- 
ciples conducive to the Quiet of the State, and securing the 
Allegiance and Loyalty of his Majesty's subjects in those parts ; 
and, therefore, if unhappily it is thought advisable to lay aside 
so excellent a design, the Members of the Church of England, 
both at home and abroad, will receive this Decision with the 
most serious concern. Yet they will continue their sincere 
endeavours to carry on every good j^urpose agreeably to the 
Principles of their Religion as far as its imperfect state there 
will allow ; and always shew themselves faithful, active and 
vigilant to the best of their ability in maintaining the Peace and 
Security of his Majesty's Government in the Colonies." — Colkc- 
iions P. E. Hist. Society, pp. 162-4. 



280 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

WHO SHALL HAVE MOST SERVICES, THE ONLY DISPUTE. 

Mr. Campbell to the Secretary. Extracts. 

"Burlington April 20, 1765. 
" Reverend Dear Sir, 

" I hope you received my last of July y'^ 30"' enclosing 
a Copy of a Bond of Security lodged in my hands to Petition the 
Society for a separate Mission for Mountholly ; * * if 
these people would enter into obligation * '■^ to give 
me but half of what they promise to give to a resident Mission- 
ary they might be indulged with more of my services ;. * "^ 
which proposal I solemnly protest is not so much for any 
lucrative view of gain to myself, as the easing the Society of 
further Expence ; which in gratitude I ought to do ; to a Ven- 
erable Body by whose bounty I and numerous Family have 
subsisted for 28 years and upwards without whose bounty neither 
I nor none of my Brethren in this Province could support them- 
selves for one third of the year; as there is no establishm' of 
any kind here ; and the People left to their liberty to give or 
withhold as they see proper ; who think we as much obliged to 
them for their attendance upon us; as they are to us for Preach- 
ing to them ; and as I live where Quakerism prevails ; and are 
chief in places of profit and trust in the Goverm' whose tenets are 
among others freely give freely receive; and consequently are 
against maintenance either of their own Teachers or others; and 
to tell the truth, at what they freely may be said to get from 
their own Teachers is worth little so it is hardly worth paying 
for ; and tho' by the Blessing of God upon my endeavours I 
have baptized numbers of Families that have been bred in that 
way; and are orderly, devout, sober exemplary livers; yet tho' 
convinced of the superiority of our doctrine and Worship to what 
they were taught ; are not easily persuaded to part with any of 
their Money for the support of the Ministry, but think the 
Society's bounty sufficient ; * * we of this Province 
live peaceably with one another ; as I do myself and congrega- 
tions with all Dissenters whatsoever ; the only dispute I have- 
with my People who shall have most of my services. 
" I am Rev'^ Dear Sir, Yours etc 

"Colin CAJ^irBELL." 



IN BURLINGTON. 281 

A LETTER WHICH MAKES THE EAES TINGLE. 

Clergy of New Jersey hi Convention to the Secretary. Extract. 

" Perth Arabov Ocf Z" 1765. 
" Reverend Sir, 

" It was very soon after the Incorporation of that Venble 
Body, that earnest Addresses were made from divers parts of 
America requesting a Bishop. Applications to the same pur- 
pose from Governors of Provinces, from the Clergy & from 
Vestries, were frequently repeated for a course of years, setting 
forth the great disadvantages the Church was under, since 
neither Ordination Confirmation nor a regular discipline could 
be had while it labored under so essential a defect, as to be with- 
out one. The Society fully convinced of the reasonableness of 
the request, and judging an American Episcopate, even so early, 
to be highly expedient, thought fit to engage very heartily in 
the Cause ; & Representations in favour of it were made to the 
Queen. A standing Committee was appointed to find out ways 
and means for the support of it — And a place was purchased in 
this Province at a great Expence for the Bishops Residence : but 
when the matter was in a fair way of being speedily accomplish'd 
the death of that excellent Princess alone prevented it. 

" Altho' the most favorable opportunity was now lost, yet the 
Affair Avas not dropt with her death. Eor in the beginning of 
the next Reign we still find it to have been a principal object 
of the Societys attention — in conformity to a Resolution solemnly 
deliberated & agreed upon Viz' ' That the important Affair of 
Bishops and Bishopricks to be settled in America, be considered 
in the first place.' 

" But what steps were afterwards taken and for what reasons 
so useful a plan, recommended and patronized by so respectable 
and venerable a Body with the most disinterested and charitable 
intentions was rejected we know not ; nor have we at present 
the means of informing ourselves. All that we know with any 
certainty is that notwithstanding the discouragements they met 
with, they continued still to have the cause at heart ; and when 
nothing else could be done, a considble Fund was raised by sev- 
eral of its most illustrious Members for the support of a Bishop 



282 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

— whenever so great a Blessing should be obtained for the 
Church in America. 

" We fully believe the present worthy Members of the Society 
have the same sentiments on this subject, with their predecessors; 
and indeed they have not been backward, on all proper occa- 
sions, to declare them to the World. AVe are also so happy at 
this time as to have a Prince on the Throne, whose favourable 
disposition cannot be doubted — And as by the increase of the 
Church through the natural growth of the Country, and more 
especially through the unwearied application, the inexhaustible 
Charity & amazing success of the Society, the reasons which at 
the beginning of this Century rendered American Bishops ex- 
pedient amount now in our opinion to an absolute necessity ; we 
therefore whose Names are under written, having long waited in 
hopes of seeing the Church put on a more respectable footing ifc 
never expecting a more favorable time for an application of this 
nature, have, upon careful consideration, thought it our duty, 
after the example of some of our Brethren, to Address the Throne 
— humbly imploring His Majesty's Gracious protection of the 
Church in these remote parts of his Dominions, and tliat one or 
more Bishops may be speedily sent us. 

" The favor of presenting our Address we have recpiested of 
the great patron of the Church in America that most excellent 
Prelate, who so deservedly fills the first Post in the Church of 
England, and is at the head of the Society — The Mediation of 
the Most Reverend the Archbishop of York, and of the Right 
Reverend the Lord Bishop of London we have thought it our 
duty particularly to request — And we beg leave also with all 
deference and submission to apply to our never failing & avowed 
Patrons, the worthy Members of the Society in general humbly 
imploring their influence, either jointly or separately, in such a 
manner as they shall think proper, that our Petition may be 
granted — without which we have reason to fear, that the great 
things they have done for the Church in America, at so pro- 
digious an Expence will in the end be ineffectual. We could 
enlarge both upon the necessities for, & the advantages of an 
American Episcopate ; but as we are addressing those who have 
thoroughly considered the subject, it is sufficient to say, in the 



IN BURLINGTON. 283 

words of the Society to her late Majesty Queen Anne, that it 
would greatly ' tend to the Glory of God by the advancement 
of sound Religion, the Honor of His Majesty, the prosperity of 
his Subjects and the flourishing state of the Church in these parts.' 

"But in our present situation our case in this respect is pecu- 
liarly unhappy. Altho' the Professors & Friends of the Church 
in these Colonies amount to near a Million, and are diffused over 
a Country far more extensive than any Kingdom in Europe, 
yet we still continue to be an Episcopal Church without Bishops, 
and to have Canons without Discipline. The Apostolical & most 
useful institution of Confirmation, we have no possible ways of 
obtaining. And yet such is the indulgence of the Government to 
every other Religious denomination, that there is not a Sect 
within any part of His Majesty's Dominions, but has the full 
enjoyment of all its Institutions and Rights. Even the Moravi- 
ans in the Neighbourhood of this Province whose principles both 
as Subjects & Christians have but a very doubtful appearance 
are allowed upon their barely asking it, the very privilege which 
the Members of the National Church, for more than half a Cen- 
tury have been trying to obtain — but with what success our 
Enemies can tell with pleasure. And yet that our conduct has 
been such as to deserve the frowns of the Government we are 
not conscious. On the other hand we firmly believe that its 
best security in the Colonies does and must always arise from 
the principles of Submission and Loyalty taught by the Church. 
The Clergy in general are constantly instilling these great 
principles into the people, and yet their most reasonable recjuest, 
so frequently repeated has been unsuccessful ; while those who 
are equally zealous in propagating the principles of Independ- 
ency both in Church & State, have every possible indulgence ! 
When these things come to be considered by His Majesty and 
his Ministers, we flatter ourselves, that the trifling or malicious 
objections of our Adversaries will not be regarded. 

"' The plan that has been long settled and agreed upon, we 
understand is that the Bishops to be sent us are to be invested 
only with those powers which are inseperable from their Office 
with Jurisdiction over none but the professors of the Church. 
They are to hold no Courts for the Trial of Testamentary or 



284 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

Matrimonial Casos, they are not to interfere either with our 
Provincial Governors or Subordinate Magistrates — nor to in- 
fringe or diminish any privileges & liberties enjoyed by anv of 
the Layety, even of our own Communion. This plan is so uni- 
versally harmless and unexceptionable, that we think every 
tolerable objection is effectual ly excluded. If any were to be 
injured, they would have reason to complain ; but since none 
can be harmed, and so many thousands will be greatly benefited^ 
and probably the Salvation of many Souls is dependant upon it, 
in what light must the objections appear ? 

" Indeed it has been given out with great assurance that send- 
ing Bishops to America would disoblige by far the greatest part 
of the Inhabitants (no less than 19 in 20 is the proportion that 
has been mentioned) and consequently would be ill policy in 
the Government — But we who are upon the spot can see with 
our Eyes and hear with our Ears, and think ourselves capable 
of judging of the Fact; and we beg leave to assure the Society 
that the assertion is utterly false and groundless. None Mould 
be disobliged at all but the Presbyterians and Independent.'^, to 
whom we may join the Enemies of Revelation in general; and 
in our Opinion they all united do not exceed a third part of the 
whole. The Lutherans amounting to many thousands, Mould 
not be disobliged — nor the Quakers Avho are more numerous :. 
and who fear not any influence or authority the Church may 
obtain, but actually dread the increasing power of the Presby- 
terians in this Country — so that it appears to us here that the 
badness of the Policy of granting our request, can be supported 
only on this principle; that it is more prudent to gratify one 
Enemy of the Church in a perverse & unreasonable humour, 
than two Friends of it in y** most equitable proposals. 

" If the Dissenters and their Adherents at home must not be 
otfended by assisting and supporting the Church in America : 
our case is, and we fear that of the Church of England soon will 
be truely deplorable. If the Enemies of our Ecclesiastical Con- 
stitution have already become so formidable by the Indulgences 
& Concessions that have been granted them & if those Indul- 
gences & Concessions must still be continued : we can form some 
judgment of their future power, from their ])ast improvement. 



IX BURLINGTON. 285 

And we are sadly apprehensive that the time is not far distant 
when they will be able ; not only to prevent our having Bishops 
in America, but once more to exterminate Episcopacy through- 
out the Kingdom tt subvert the Church ; in which case the 
•State must again shift for itself as well as it can. 

" We are Reverend Sir &c 
" Myles Cooper President of ye Convention. 
"Richard Charltox Samuel Seabury 

" Isaac Browne Rob'^ McKean 

" Colin Campbell Andw Morton 

" Samuel Auchmuty Leo Cutting 

" Sam^ Cooke John Ogilvie 

" Tiio^ B Chandler." 

a second, and third, line of stages. 
"In 1765, a second line of stages was 'setup' at Philadel- 
phia, for New York, to start twice a week, and go through in 
three days at two pence per mile. The vehicle used was a 
covered Jersey wagon without springs ; — but the lapse of nine 
years seems not to have worked any increase of speed. The 
following year a third line of 'good stage wagons, and the seats 
set on springs,' was established to go through in two days in 
summer and three in winter, at three pence per mile, or twenty 
shillings for the whole route. These lines, it is thought" ran to 
the Blazing Star Ferry, on the sound below Elizabethtown. 
The wagons used were modestly called ' Flying Machines ' — and 
the title soon became a favorite." Whitehead's Perth Amboy. 

passed in the fifth year of GEORGE III. 

■"An Act to enable the Reverend Mr. Colin Campbell, the 
present Rector of Saint Mary's Church in Burlington, with 
the Church-AVardens and Vestry-Men of said Church, or the 
major Part of them, to sell Two Hundred and Six Acres of 
Land in Somerset County, devised to the Ministry of said 
Church ; and to enable Trustees to put the same to Interest, 
until a convenient Glebe can be purchased near the said 
Church ; and other Purposes therein mentioned. 
" Sect. 1. Whereas, Thomas Leciter, late of Piscataway, in the 

Eastern Division of this Province of New Jersey, did, in and 



28G HISTORY OF THE CHUIICH 

by his last Will and Testament, give and bequeath unto the 
Church of Saint Ann, in Burlington, now Saint Mary's, for the 
Use of the ^Ministry of said Church, Two Hundred and Six 
Acres of Land, lying and being upon Stony-Brook, in the said 
Eastern Division of this Colony. And Whereas, the Reverend 
Colin Campbell, the present Minister of said Saint xVnn's, now 
Saint Mary's Church, hath ])resented a Petitio!i to the Governor, 
Council and General Asseml)ly of this Province, setting forth, 
that great Inconveniences luive and do daily arise to the Minis- 
ter and Church, from the distant Situation of said Lands from 
the said Church, and that Waste may be committed, and the 
Estate lessened in A^alue, and the good Intentions of the Donor, 
for the Maintainance of the Minister of said Church, be in a 
great Measure frustrated ; and therefore praying Leave to bring- 
in a Bill, to impowerthe Minister, Church-Wardens and Vestry- 
Meu of said Cliurch, or the major Part of them, to sell and 
dispose of the said Lands in Fee Simj^le, and to purchase for 
the Purposes in the said Will, other Lands nearer and more 
convenient to the said Church, and until the Produce of the said 
Two Hundred and Six Acres can be so laid out, that the same 
shall be put to Interest, and the Interest thereof applied yearly 
to the Use of the Minister: And it seeming reasonable and 
highly convenient, that the said Lands, for the Reasons above 
set forth should be sold, and the Monies therefrom arising, 
should be applied in purchasing other Lands more convenient 
and better situate for the L^ses in the said Will mentioned; 

" 2. Be it Enacted by the Governor, Council and General 
Assembly, and it is hereby Enacted by the Authority of the 
same, That it shall and may be lawful, and the said Colin 
Campbell, together with the Church-Wardens and Vestry of 
said Church, or the major Part of them, (of whom the said Colin 
Campbell, or the Minister of said Church for the Time being, 
always to be one) are hereby authorized and impowered, to sell 
and convey the said Two Hundred and Six Acres, situate, lying 
and being at Stony-Brook, in the County of Somerset afore- 
said, * * 

*' 3. And be it Enacted by the Authority aforesaid. That the 
Monies arising from the Sale of the said Lands, shall, by the 
Purchaser or Purchasers thereof, be paid into the Hands of the 
said Colin Campbell, John Lawrence, Esq ; and Edward Ton- 
kin, or any two of them, who are hereby impowered to receive 
the same ; and upon Receipt thereof, the same to pay and lay 
out in the Purchase of such Lands adjacent to the said Church, 
as will best answer the intentions of the said Thomas Leciter, 
and shall be approved of by the said Minister, Church-AVardens 



IN BURLINGTON. 28T 

aucl Vestry of said Church for the Time being, or the major 
Part of them, of whom the Minister for the Time beius; alwavs 
to be One ; and the Deed or Deeds, Conveyance or Convey- 
ances, for the same Lands so purchased, shall be given and 
executed to the said Minister, Church-Wardens and Vestry-men 
of said Church forever, for the Use and Support of the Minister 
of said Church for the Time being, agreeable to the Bequest of 
the said Thomas Leciter, and to and for no other Use or Pur- 
pose whatsoever ; and until such convenient Lands can be pur- 
chased, it shall and may be lawful for the said Colin Campbell, 
and the said John Lawrence and Edward Tonkin, to put the 
said Monies out to Interest, upon good real and personal Secu- 
rity, and the Interest yearly and every Year to receive, and the 
same to pay to the said Colin Campbell, or to the Minister of 
said Church for the Time being, whose Receipt or Receipts- 
shall be a sufficient Discharge or Discharges to them, or either 
of them, for the Interest so paid." * * 

THE XEW^ STAMP ACT CAUSES MUCH ALARM. 

Mr. Campbell to the Secretary. Extracts. 

"Burlington, Dec^ 26"^ 1765. 
"Rey° Dear Sir: 

* * " We have been much alarmed since the first of 
last Month that the New Stamp Act was to take place here by 
virtue of an Act of the British Parliament. * "^ In 
this Province however they that have shown their dislike to the 
Act taking place ; have hitherto forbore these public violences 
that others have been guilty of. But business of all kinds- 
seems to be stagnated & a general cry for want of Money and 
decay of Trade : and yet Provisions of all kinds are kept up so 
high at Market that it is with the utmost difficulty we of the 
Mission can support our Families with the utmost Economy: a& 
I have little or nothing by way of support from my Congrega- 
tions; and a large Family of 6 Young Children to maintain 
cloath & educate, & Exchange has fell lately so much that I 
have lost 40 | Sterling on the Sale of my present half years Bill 
which I have now drawn upon the Society's Treasurer forr 
payment. 

" I have lately obtained an Act of our Assembly in this Pro- 
vince for the benefit of my Successor, for the Sale of a Tract of. 



288 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

Land devised to my Church of Burlington in the year 1709 by 
way of Glebe cont° 200'' and six Acres but being at the distance 
of thirty or forty Miles therefrom renders it of little value to 
the Mission here, but being sold & the Monev arising from the 
Sale appropriated to the purchasing of Lauds near this place; 
may be of much service to my Successor, tho' this is not a 
proper time to sell, yet being in power to sell may wait for a 
more proper opportunity. 

" I am Rev'' Dear Sir &c 

"CoLix Campbell." 



A MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE. 

"Burlington April 28'" 1766. 
" These do certify and declare to all whom it may concern, 
that Adam Sheppard,t and Margaret Burrs Widdow, both of 
this City, were this day lawfully married — according to the Rites 
and Ceremonies of the Church of Eng-land as bv law estab- 
lished, by virtue of a Lycence, of this date from his Excellency 
AVm. Franklin Esqr, our present Governor, in such case, directed 
to me ; I say married by me, date and place as above. 

"CoLix Campbell Clerk and 
— Original 3IS. ^'Missionary " 

ox FIRE ABOUT THE STAMP ACT. 

TJie Archbishop of Canterbury to liev. Dr. W. Smitli of Pennsyl- 
vania — Aug. 2, 1766. Extraet. 

" The beginning of last year we thought an ecclesiastical set- 
tlement of Quebec was almost made, on which a Bishop might 
easily be grafted. But that was opposed by one great man as 
too favourable, by another as not favourable enough, to the 
Papists. Then the Ministry changed : Ave were to begin again ; 
and could get nothing but fair M'ords, though the King inter- 
posed for us. Now it is changed once more, and whether we 
shall flire better or worse for it, I cannot guess. I have begged 
the Bishop of London to take out a Commission. He is back- 
ward ; but I hope at length to prevail, and then we may set up 
our Corresponding Societies. There were no improper exprcs- 



r The coachman of Governor Franklin. 



I 



IX BURLINGTON. 289 

sious in the Address of the Connecticut or of the New York and 
New Jersey clergy ; but they came when both you and we were 
•on lire about the Stamp Act; and so were not presented. But 
the King was apprised of the contents of them, and desired they 
might be postponed." 

DEATH AND BURIAL OF THE REV. MR. CAMPBELL. 

In the Providence Gazette of August 23d, 1766, we have the 
following: 

" Aug. 14. On Saturday last, (Aug. 9) died after a short Ill- 
ness, the Rev. Mr. Colix Campbell, many years Missionary 
at Burlington in New Jersey ; and on Sunday last he was in- 
terred in Burlington Church,t his Remains being attended to the 
Grave by a great Number of People of different Persuasions, 
assembled from various Parts of the Country, to testify their 
Regard to his Memory. A suitable Sermon was preached by 
the Rev. Dr. Smith, of Philadelphia ; who having introduced a 
short and just Character of the Deceased, in the following Para- 
graph, a Copy of it was requested to be here inserted, viz. : 

^' Methinks according to the usual Mode, you now expect an 
Application of this Subject, in a long and circumstantial Account 
•of Hira whose Dust we have just consigned to its kindred Dust. 
But I knew my worthy departed friend so well — such was his 
Abhorrence of the too frequent Prostitutions of Truth and Jus- 
tice, in manv of our modern Characters of the Dead — that were 
he now alive, and to speak for himself, he M^ould suffer no more 
to be said of him, but that — He endeavoured to be (what you 
M-ill all allow he was) a Man of strict and severe Honesty ; faith- 
ful in the Discharge of every Trust, and particularly of his most 
sacred Trust, as a Minister of the Gospel of JESUS. He was 
a Lover of Peace, and rather willing to bear any tolerable 
"Wrong than ruffle the Serenity of his own Temper. His loss 
to you is great, but to his worthy bereaved Wife and Children, 
irreparable. 



-1- 



fAn original, life-size portrait (in oils) of the Rev. Colin Campbell, 
received from some of his descendants residing near Trenton, N. J., was 
placed in the sacristy of St. Mary's Church, in December, 1870. It represents 
its subject with a large white wig, and in academic gown, cassock and bands. 

% Mr. Campbell had nine children, /i>e daughters and/oit?- sons. 

T 



290 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

ox THE DEATH OF COLIN CAMPBELL. 

By Elizabeth Graeme.\ 
[Daughtei- of Dr. Graeme, grand-daughter of Sir William ICeith.^, 

Shall A'ice and power claim the farewell tear, 
And shall it flow not, for the soul sincere? 
Forbid it trutli, forbid it honor too, 
And mark out Colin to our mortal view. 

The faithful pastor of a little flock, 
Plac'd in tlieir hearts, he ne'er shall be forgot : 
Firm honesty ; his every deed did plan ; 
AVitli pure religion join'd to form the man. 

His social virtues, strong I could paint forth, 
The tender parent, and the husband's wortli : 
Domestic bliss his house did still afford ; 
A hearty welcome from a cheerful board : 

What e'er he gave he freely did impart. 
And shared his bonnty with an open heart; 
The best aflTections in his mind did blend, 
Too well I feel he was the steady friend. 

The starting tear does here that truth reveal, 
Nor wish the honest weakness to conceal ; 
The struggling sigh will heave for those we love. 
Though faith beholds them with blest saints above. 

Dated Graeme Park, 

oOth Oct. 1766. — Providence Gazette. 



r.EV. NATHANIEL EVANS OFFICIATING OCCASIONALLY. 

" The Rev. Mr. Evans, a short time missionary at Glouces- 
ter, officiated occasionally at Burlington, during the vacancy 
occasioned by Mr. Campbell's death. He died early, but estab- 
lished by his zeal and fidelity, the character given him by the 
Society, of ' a pious promising young gentleman.' In a letter 
dated 'Haddonsfield, New Jersey Dec. 12, 1766/ he writes to 
the Secretary, *I have been to Egg Harbour and travelled the 
Shore over, which is full 30 miles long & preach'd daily always 
using the Common Prayer. * * j preached in two 
Dissenting Meeting Houses twice, at the peoples request ; and 
made use of the Liturgy, with which the people appeared well 
pleased.' He adds : 'My present situation is in the centre of 
Quakers, who are a majority of people in this County & with 
whom I live in great harmony and in an intercourse of mutual 
civility. 



??j 



f Afterwards, the celebrated Mrs. Ferguson. 



IX BURLINGTON. 291 

THE society's LANDS AT BURLIXGTOX. 

Jlr. Evans to the Secretary. Extract. 

" Haddonsfield, Jany 20, 1767. 
" Reverend Sir : 

* * "I obtained at Burlington a Certified Copy of 
Surveys of sundry Parcels of Land the Society's property which 
I thought raio;ht be of service to enclose. The first and last of 
Avhich are held at present without any equitable claim by others. 
If the Society should see proper to transmit to any person here 
their Power of Attorney, there could be no difficulty in dis- 
posse&sing the present holders as the Title is indisputably clear, 
these two parcels are thought to be worth at least £250 this 
Currency. * * 

"Rev'^Sir&c 

"Nath"- Evans." 

the rev. JONATHAN ODELL, M. A,, RECTOR.f 

In the Parish Register, in the handwriting of Mr. OJell, is 
this record : 

"Jonathan Odell, M. A., was appointed, by the Society for 
propagating the gospel in foreign parts, to succeed Mr. Camp- 
bell, as Missionary at Burlington, Decem'r 25th, 1766, and he 
arrived at Burlington, on the 25th of July, 1767, and was the 
next day regularly inducted into St. Ann's (now St. Mary's,) 
Church, in the said city of Burlington, by his Excellency "\Vm. 
Franklin, Esqr., Governor of the Province of New-Jersey ."| 

jMr. Odell was born at Newark, X. J., Sept. 25th, 1737; was M. A. of 
Nassau Hall ; educated for the Medical profession, and served as Surgeon in the 
British Army: left the Army while stationed in the West Indies, went to Eng- 
land, and prepared for Holy Orders. He was ordained Deacon, Dec. 21st, 
1766, in the Chapel Eoyal of St. James' Palace, Westminster, by the Et. Eev. 
Dr. Terrick, Bishop of London ; and in January 1767, he was advanced to 
Priest's orders. 

j Induction, in the Church of England, is thus performed : The Inductor, 
on the day appointed, goes with the new Incumbent to the Church, and taking 
his hand places it upon the key in the Church door, saying, " I induct you 

into the real and actual possession of the Eectory of witli all its profits 

and appurtenances." Then he opens the door, and puts the rector in possession 
of the Church, who offers his private devotions, and then tolls the bell to sum- 
mon his parishioners. Hook's Church Dictionary. 



292 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

THE CHURCH VERY MUCH OUT OF REPAIR. 

3Ir. Odell to the Secretary. Extract. 

"Burlington October 2'^ 1767. 
" Reverend Sir : 

* * "There are in Burlington about 200 Families of 
Inhabitants, of which number we may rate about one in four 
to ])elong to the Church of England ; the rest except three or 
four Presbyterians are all Quakers. There is a considerable 
number from the Country in the Neighbourhood of the Town, 
who also attend Divine Service at Church where they all behave 
decently <i- not a few devoutly. The Church itself is very much 
out of repair : but a Lottery having been some time since 
granted by the Provincial Legislature in order to facilitate the 
necessary reparations, I hope to be able ere long to give you an 
Account of the accomplishment of that undertaking. I should 
have mentioned before that the Parishioners at Mount Holly are 
at least as numerous as those at Burlington and likewise give a 
decent devout attention to the publick AVorship. 

" I am Reverend Sir c^c 

"JoN'^ Odell." 

A MISTAKE CORRECTED. 

3Ir. Odell to the Secretary. Extract. 

"Burlington Jany 6 '^ 17G8. 
"Reverend Sir: 

* * " AVhen I wrote my former Letter I was mis- 
taken with regard to the number of Communicants in Burling- 
ton & Mount Holly. At an Administration of the Holy 
Sacrament here soon after my arrival there were 35 Communi- 
cants which I then supposed to belong all to the Parish of 
Burlington ; but I found upon a more particular inquiry that 
the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper had never been administered 
in the Church at Mount Holly & that it had hitherto been 
usual for the Communicants of both parishes to assemble on 
Sacrament Days at Burlington. * * 

" I beg leave to subscribe myself &c 

" JoN^ Odell." 



IN BUELINGTON. 293 

THE NAMES OF THE CHURCH IN BURLINGTON. 

On the outside of the velhnn cover of the first Parish Regis- 
ter, we have the title, "parish register op st. mary's 
CHURCH, BURLINGTON." On the inside of the same cover, 
quite near the top, Ave find these words: "The Register of the 
Church of St. Ann's at Burlington." Immediately under this 
is the followino; : 

"Memorandum. This Church was called S' Ann's (in the 
first Charter, granted Ootob'' 4"^ 1704 by Lord Cornbury) after 
the name of the Queen ; but Avhen a more ample charter was 
granted in 1709, Janu^" 25th, by Lieu' Governor Ingoldsbv, the 
Church was called S' Mary's, and so continues to be denomi- 
nated, on account of its first foundation-stone having been laid 
on the 25"^ of March, which was in 1703, but this, it^seems, was 
not adverted to till afterwards — 

"JoN^ Odell. 
"April 7'" 17G8." 

^ Mr. Odel] had been in Burlington but a little more than 
eight months, when he made the above memorandum; and was 
probably unacquainted with all the facts which appear in the 
letters of Mr. Talbot, and the 'History' of Mr. Bass, those 
papers having been copied in England and brought back to 
America, in the year 1836, (See pp. 6 and 127). Mr. Talbot 
in his letter of 'April 10th, 1703,' (See p. 33) says: 'I laid the 
corner stone of St. Mary's Church ;' and in his letter of Mav 3d 
of the same year, (See p. 36) he says : ' I was at Burlington last 
Lady day, and after prayers we went to the Ground where they 
were going to build a Church, and I laid the first stone. -^^ * 
We called this Church St. Mary's, it being upon her day.' 

In his 'History of the Church at Burlington; (See p. 127) 
Mr. Bass who, as well as Mr. Talbot, was personally acquainted 
with every step of its progress from the beginning,^ writes, (See 
p. 129) 'The Church of .S'^. 2fary in Burlington had the founda- 
tion-stone laid on the 25th of March, 1703; being a day sacred 
to the memory of the Annunciation of the Conception of our 
Blessed Saviour to the Virgin Mary, which gave name to the 
Church.' 



294 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

He further writes, (See p. 130) : "The members began to thiuk 
it convenient to form themselves into a regular Society, according 
to the Law and Customs of England, and thereupon addressed 
themselves to his Excellency, Lord Cornbury, (since Earl of 
Clarendon,) her Majesty's Governor, who on the 4th of Oct., 
1704, [the date first referred to in the above Memorandum of 
Mr. Odell,] granted his Wari'ani for a Patent," etc. A copy of 
this we have, on p. 130, wherein the name "St. Annes" appears. 

Moreover Mr. Bass writes, (See p. 133): "In 1709, the 
Government devolved upon Col. Richard Ingoldsby, under 
whose administration, our Vestry (that by some unaccountable 
neglect, had omitted to pass the charter designed for us, by the Earl 
of Clarendon,) [Lord Cornbury,] got it now ])assed, under the 
Broad Seal of this Province, whereby they became incoiyorated 
by the name of the Minister, Church-Wardens, and Vestry of 
the Church of St. Mary in Burlington; which was enrolled in 
the Secretary's Office, the 25th of January, 1709," (the other 
date referred to in the above Memorandum of Mr. Odell.) 
From all which we find, that Mr. Talbot named the Church St. 
Ilary's, when he laid the first stone in 1703; that Lord Corn- 
bury, in his Warrant for a Patent of Incorporation in 1704, called 
it St. Ann^s, but this charter never having passed, it was never 
legally St. Ann's; and that in 1709, the year after Lord Corn- 
bury was superseded, the charter was passed, wherein, not /S'^ 
Anas, the name 'designed ' for the Church by Cornbury, but St- 
Mary's, the name given it at the first, became its name in law. 

It will be observed, that neither here, nor elsewhere, except 
in the Will of M'" Ta.bot, (See pp. 2-J6-8) is there any allusion to 
the namC/S'i. James, as belonging to the Church in Burlington. 

THE QUAKERS THE MOST FRIENDLY OF ALL DLSSEXTERS. 

Jlr. Odell to the Seci^etary. Extracts. 

"Burlington, July 5, 1768. 
" Reverend Sir ; 

* * "I think it my duty to represent to the Society 

the importance of a Mission at Trenton. There is no other 

Episcopal Church on the Great Road between Burlington & 

Brunswick ; a distance of more than 40 Miles. Within the 



IN BURLINGTON. 295 

memory of many Persons yet living, the Inhabitants of Trenton 
& the country for some distance round it were chiefly Members 
of the Church of England ; the few Dissenters that were among 
them were mostly Quakers, a people, in this Country, of all 
Dissenters the most friendly to those of our Communion. * * 
"In a former Letter I acquainted the Society that agreeably 
to my instructions, I had concluded with the People here to 
attend Divine Service of the two Churches of Burlington & 
Mount Holly alternately, upon condition, as stipulated in your 
Letter to the Wardens & Vestries of both Parishes that they of 
Mount Holly would contribute adequately to my support. They 
have since come to an Agreement & have agreed to give yearly 
at least £26 Currency, which I doubt not will be punctually 
paid & that they will exceed rather th-dnfaU short of that Sum. 
The Rents of the Parsonage Lot & House together with a Farm 
at some distance in the Country belonging to the Church in 
Burlington amount to £i2: 10. in Currency; besides which the 
Vestry at a late Meeting proposed to allow me as much as they 
should be able to procure by way of subscription from the 
Congregation. 

" I am &c 

"Jox^' Odell." 

MAERIAGE OF THE EEV. MR. FRAZER. 

"July 13th, 1768. The Rev. Wm. Frazer of Amwell, and 
Rebecca Campbell of Burlington, were lawfully joined together 
in marriage at Burlington, by Jonathan Odell, minister." Par- 
ish Register. 

A VOLUNTARY COXVEXTIOX. 

"A voluntary convention was held in New Brunswick Oct. 
12th, 1768, at which were present among others the Rev'd. 
Messrs. Odell, Frazer, Thomson and Seabury, who, 'considering 
maturely the distressed situation of many of the widows and 
children of the Episcopal Clergy in America, who by reason of 
the smallness of their income are not only disabled from making 
any future provision for their fauiilies, but are scarcely able 
with the greatest economy to support them with a decency 
becoming their characters even during their lives,' agreed upon 



296 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

a scheme for their relief which they submitted to the Venerable 
Society. The document containing the plan is quite an elabo- 
rate one, with sixteen articles." 

MR. ODELL, TO SOLICIT A CHARTER. 

In 1769j the Rev. Mr. Odell was appointed one of a com- 
mittee, of two in each of the three provinces of New York, New 
Jersey and Pennsylvania, to solicit the passing of the charter for 
the Corporation for the Relief of the Widows and Orphans of 
deceased clergymen, in said provinces. His Excellency, Gov. 
Franklin, of New Jersey, readily ordered the seal affixed to it, and 
the charter for New Jersey was completed in May of that year. 

THE CORPORATION FOR THE RELIEF OF WIDOWS AND OR- 
PHANS OF CLERGYMEN, CHARTERED. 

The charter for this Corporation constituted Rev. Richard 
Peters, of Phila., President, Rev. Thos. B. Chandler, D. D., of 
EKzabethtown, Treasurer, and Rev. Jonathan Odell, of Bur- 
lington, Secretary. 

" The first Tuesday after the Feast of St. Michael,, the charter 
day as fixed by the letters patent, fell in 1769, upon the ocI> 
October; and in that month of 'pathetic loveliness,' in the tran- 
quil town of Burlington, a place ever deserving the interest of 
Churchmen in America, as having been designated for the first 
American Episcopal See — where the first Episcopal residence 
was purchased, and where the first bishop who was ever on this 
continent resided — our Corporation first assembled. Clerical 
members had travelled from New York, Pennsylvania, and 
several parts of New Jersey, to be present ; and among the 
representatives at this earliest meeting was John Lawrence, 
Esq., Mayor of Burlington. ' The President having taken 
the chair, the different charters were read and compared with 
each other. On the day following, the members who were 
met being nineteen in number, presented an address of thanks 
to his Excellency Gov. Franklin, which he an&wered with 
the warmest wishes for the success of the pious design for 
^vhich the Corj)oration had been erected, and added that, it would 
always give him pleasure to render any acceptable service to the 
members of the Church of England.' This address and tlie 



IX BURLINGTON. 297 

reply are set out in the early rainute-book of the Society, kept 
with remarkable beauty of chirography by the first secretary 
Mr. Odell."t Wallace's Shtch, pp. lS-19. 

THE CHUECH BUILDING ENLAEGED. 

In 1769, the building was extended Westward, with the 
addition of a gallery, and this, although the town itself had 
increased but little, if at all. 

"The Society is informed by the Rev. Mr. Odell, that the 
Church at Burlington is completed, and is not only a comfort- 
able building, but an ornament to the place, being 63 feet by 
33. Governor Franklin was very liberal on the occasion, and 
his lady has made them a present of a very rich and elegant 
furniture for the pulpit, desk aud table.".'}; 

3IRS. Campbell's acknowledgments. 

J//-. Odell to the Secretary. Extract. 

"Burlington, N. Jersey, April 6, 1769. 
" Reverend Sir : 

"I have this moment received your very kind favor dated 
Dec'" 14, 1768, for which I beg you to accept my warmest 
thanks, together with those of M'"' Campbell who also takes the 
liberty through your hands of presenting her grateful acknowl- 
edgements to the Society for the favor done her in allowing her 
to draw for £25 over and above the Salary due to her late Hus- 
band at the time of his death. 

" I am the more in haste to dispatch this Answer to your 
obliging Letter because in my last Dec'" SP' ray concern for the 
Widow led me to express an apprehension that in the multipli- 
city of your more important affairs M"^^ Campbell's Application 
to the Society had escaped your Notice. I therefore now seize 



t Mr. Odell -was Secretary of this Corporation from 1769 to 1774. 

XA new bell also, was hung in the belfrv. It is still (1876) rung, and lears 
this inscription: "st. jiary's church in Burlington. 1769." 



298 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

the opportunity offered me by Capf^ Trent (who sets off in a few 
Hours) to beg your pardon for such a groundless apprehension. 
" I am Reverend Sir, 

"■ Your most obed' Serv' 

"Jox^' Odell." 

A FURTHER ADDITION TO THE BURYIXG-GROUXD. 

On the 6^^ of August, 1769, Doctor Jonathan Smith conveyed 
to the " Minister, Wardens, and Vestrymen of Saint Mary's 
Church " a '' Piece of Ground bounded & limited as follows 
viz., on the South by a Line, beginning at the North-East Cor- 
ner of the Burying-ground now belonging to Saint Mary's 
Church & running along the Fence, as it now stands on the 
North side of the said Burying-ground, to the Xorth-West Cor- 
ner of the same ; thence by a line running Northward fifteen 
foot along the Fence which now bounds the Western side of a 
Lott belonging to the said Jonathan Smith & adjoining to the 
North side of the Burying-ground aforesaid ; and thence by a 
straight line running Eastward to the Place of beginning," 
^' Provided always (and it is the Consideration for which the 
Premises are granted & conveyed as aforesaid) that * * 
the said Minister Wardens & Vestrymen * * shall 
within the space of five years next ensuing the date of these 
Presents, erect * * upon the whole length of the 
Boundary Line last above mentioned, a good and suflficient 
Brick wall, five foot high & nine inches thick, * * 
and that after the completion of the said wall, the said Jonathan 
Smith his Heirs and assigns shall be forever thereafter exempted 
from all Demands on account of Partition fences between his 
said Lott & the Burying-ground aforesaid." The " Indenture" 
for this, was "Sealed & delivered in presence of William 
Smith" and "Thomson Neale;" and acknowledged, the same 
day, before " Rob' Smith one of the Judges of the Court of 
Comon Pleas for the County of Burlington." — Original Deed. 



IX BURLINGTON. 299 

SIGNATURES OF ATTESTATION. 

At the foot of each page of the Parish Begisler, beginning 

with the rectorship of Mr. Odell — for ten consecutive pages — 

there is this : 

" JoN^ Odell Minister 

u i,s . 1 1 ^ William LYNDoxt ) tt^ ? " 
Attested by -^ ^^^m Hewlixgs [ ^^''''^''''- 

'' In the collections of the Sussex, (England) Archaeological 
Society," — writes one who has examined themt — " I have found 
an explanation of the custom of the clergyman and church war- 
dens signing their names at the foot of the page in the Parish 
Register. I think your records are rare instances of it being- 
done in this country, as it is not to be found in the Registers of 
Christ Church, Philadelphia." 

'' The writer in this article of the Sussex Collection, p. 23, Vol. 
xxii, the Rev. E. B. Ellman, M. A., says Church Registers 
' date from the 30th year of the reign of Henry VIII. It is 
however much to be feared that notwithstanding Lord Crom- 
Avell's strict injunctions for the safe keeping of these valuable 
records, and the protestation which every incumbent was obliged 
to make when instituted to a benefice during the reign of Eliza- 
beth, that ' hee would keep the Register book according to the 
Queen's Majesty's Injunctions ' much carelessness in their cus- 
tody during the reigns of Edward W, JNIary, and Elizabeth, 
comprehending a period of about 100 years, was found to have 
taken and some falsification to have been practised ; to prevent 
the possibility of which for the future, a reinforcement of Lord 
Cromwell's original injunctions of 1538, which had been lost 
sight of, became necessary ; and this was affected by means of 
the 70th Canon of our Church, which was ordained the first of 
James I (1603). By this Canon it was ordered that the Church 
Book shall be kept in the parish church in a coffer or chest, to 
be provided at the charge of each parish. These coffers were to 
be provided with three locks and the same number of keys, and 
of these keys one was directed to remain with the minister, and 
the other two with the churchwardens severally. And the 
Canon then goes on to direct that henceforth, upon every Sab- 
bath-day, immediately after morning or evening service, the 
minister and churchwardens should take the book, which was 

t ''"William Lyndon, one of tlie AVarden?; of this Church, died on the 3d, 
and was buried on the 5th day of May, 1770; Burlington." Parish Rerjister. 

iMr. Wm. John Potts, of Camden, N. J. 



300 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

directed to be of parchment or of very stout paper, out of the 
coffer; and in the presence of such wardens the minister was to 
Avrite and record in it the names of all parties christened, to- 
gether with the names and surnames of their parents and also 
the names of all persons married or buried during the preceding 
week and the day and year on which any such event occurred. 
And having done this, they were again to replace the book in 
the cotfer, and keep it until the next Sunday under the same 
regulation of locks and keys. Each page when filled was to be 
signed at the foot with their names. The Canon then further 
provides for attested copies of such entries being sent once in 
every year to the Bishop's Registry. These colfers were the 
origin of our Church chests, some of these chests indeed, were 
original coffers, having their treble locks and keys in a perfect 
and efficient state.' " 

OFFEEINGS FOR THE RELIEF OF WIDOWS AND ORPHAN^ OF 

DECEASED CLERGYMEN. 

In 1770 there was a donation to the "Corporation for the 
Relief of the Widows and Orphans of Deceased Clergymen," from 
Governor Franklin, of £10; and a contribution from St. INIary's 
Church of £5, and 8s. 

THE REV. GEO. AVHITFIELD IN BURLINGTON. 

In 1770, Craft's MS. of ^' DaUy Occurrences^^ has this item: 
"6 mo. 16 dy. The great Calvinistic preacher George White- 
field, preacht before the Court House. Great audience. Deal 
of humour, &c." 

" METHODISTIC EMISSARIES TAKING UNCOMMON PAINS." 

Mr. Odell to the Secretary. Extract. 

"Burlington June 28, 1771. 
" Reverend Sir, 

* * "The state of Religion in general in my Mission 
continues to be not unpromising notwithstanding some incon- 
veniences arising from time to time among us from the frequent 
Visits that are made us by a number of methodistic Emissaries 
who are taking uncommon pains to get footing in this Country. 
I have hitherto been in hopes that their diligence may be de- 
feated by letting the Novelty pass without any open warmth of 



IX BURLINGTON. 301 

opposition, which might inflame the weak but honest minded 
few, who for a while are apt to admire those Itenerants, but may 
be expected ere long to change their admiration into indift- 

erence. 

" I am Sir &c 

"Jox^' Odell." 

A FELLOW OF ST. JOHN'S COLLEGE BURIED. 

" Rev'' M"" Jonathan Downes, Late a Fellow of S* John's 
College, and Rector of S' Peter's in Barbados, was buried Ocf 
14, 1771, at Burlington." Parish Register. 

[This Avas a brother of Mrs. Franklin, the wife of the 
Governor.] 

MARRIAGE OF THE REY. MR. ODELL. 

"Married— May 6'" 1772, Rev'' Jonathan Odell & Anne De 
Con were married at Burlington by me — W" Thomson Miss -^ at 
Trenton." Parish Register. 

PUBLICATIOX OF THE BAXXS OF MARRIAGE. 

Among the last few leaves of the Parish Register, there are 
two pages in the handwriting of Mr. Odell, headed, " Register 
of the Publication of the Banns of Marriage; " under which, 
from January 1768, to February 1773, there are entries o^ thirty 
couples "published" — each three successive times. One of 
these — as a sample of the rest — reads : " 1770, Novem'' 25''' & 
Decern"" 2'' & 9"'— Thomson Neale & Mary Moon, both of 
Burlington." 

MR. (JDELL DECLINES THE COXTRIBUTIOX OF HIS CONGRE- 
GATION. 

In the Report of the S. P. G.'s proceedings for 1773, there is 
this passage : " The Rev. Mr. Odell, who generously declined 
the intended contribution of his congregation at Burlington, 
until the debt contracted by rebuilding their Church should be 
discharged, acquaints the Society that this event hath taken 
place, and that the Vestry have now agreed to pay him for the 
future c£30 currency, nearly equal to £19 sterling a year. The 



302 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

people at Mount Holly have been punctual in their payment of 
£26 currency, so that the whole Mission annually contributes 
about £35 sterling. [The Society paid £50 sterling.] He is 
in hopes of prevailing with his people to raise a sum of money 
among themselves, which, though but £100, might be put out 
to interest, and by accumulating would in time amount to such 
a sum as would support their minister with less assistance from 
the Society." 

THE LOTS OF GROUND IX BURLINGTON. 

Mr. Odell to the Secretary. Extract. 

"Burlington July 5, 1774. 
" Reverend Sir, 

" In answer to my request respecting the Lots of Ground 
in Burlington purchased by Gov- Hunter you are pleased 
to inform me ' that the Society how much soever they might 
be inclined to indulge me, in this request do not at present 
think themselves at liberty so to do;' and that their doubts 
upon this head arise from a circumstance intimated in ray Letter, 
the Lots in question being ' appropriated to the use of an Ameri- 
can Bishop whenever one shall be appointed ; and whence the 
profits arising from the Lands in the meantime are supposed to 
be also appropriated to the same use.' AVhether this be so or 
not can be known as you observe only by having recourse to the 
original Deed of Conveyance. And ' if I can convince the 
Society, from thence, that the fact is otherwise and that the 
Society have the power, you kindly tell me in conclusion, that 
you believe I may depend upon their inclination to oblige me.' 

" Whatever determination the Society may come to concerning 
this matter, the assurance of their inclination in my favor will be 
thankfully remembered by me ; for I can truly declare that I 
value the good opinion & approbation of that Venerable Body 
much more than I should value a meer addition to my income. 

" The original Deed of Conveyance is I suppose in England : 
but there is a Copy of it upon Record here in the Provincial Sec- 
retary's Office from which it appears that those Lots are con- 
veyed to Gov'' Hunter his Heirs &, Assigns ' to and for the only 
proper use benefit and behoof of the Society for the propagation 



IN BURLINGTON. 303- 

of the Gospel &c' Mithont any manner of reserve or limitation- 
We have it is true in this Country a tradition, and only a tradi- 
tion (which however is I suppose founded in fact) that the pur- 
chase was made with a view of providing a place of Residence 
for an American Bishop, whose appointment seems to have been 
at that time daily expected. There was then upon one of the 
Lots in a pleasant situation a very large and commodious Man- 
sion House, which if the expected establishment of our Episco- 
pate had taken place would probably have been appropriated to 
the use of the Bishop. But as it happened, unfortunately for the 
interest of Religion in this Country, that the Society had not the 
opportunity of putting the House to that use ; they assigned it 
for a Dwelling House to M'' Weyman, their Missionary at Bur- 
lington, who lived in it, if I am rightly informed, until by some 
Accident, it took Fire and was entirely destroy'd. M"" Camp- 
bell, my immediate predecessor, succeeded M'' Weyman in the 
Mission, and was allowed to enjoy the Rents of the Ground for 
near 30 years, to the time of his death. * * 

"lam Rev'^Sir &c 

" JoN^ Odell." 

DR. ODELL ADMITTED TO ME:MBERSHIP IX THE MEDICAL. 

SOCIETY. 

" At a general meeting of the New Jersey Medical Society, 
held at Priucetown, November the 8"" 1774, the Rev. D-" Odell 
presented himself a candidate for admission into this Society,. 
who being well-known by many of the Society as a regular 
practitioner,t and being well recommended, he was, without the 
usual mode of examination, admitted unanimously a member,,, 
and took his seat accordingly. 

"Voted, unanimously by this Board, that, as at the two pre- 
ceding meetings, motions have been made for an application tO' 
the Governor of the Province for a Charter of Incorporation, 
for the members of this Society, they do now proceed with spirit 
in their endeavors to obtain it; and for that end, do constitute 
and appoint Doctors Odell, Cochran and Barnet a committee to 



f According to Craft's MS. of ' Daily Occi/rrences/'Lr, Odell began the praa- 
tice of Medicine in Burlington, July 25th, 17.71. 



304 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

confer with the Attorney General, or any other gentleman who 
may assist them in the affair, and they are to endeavor to carry 
the design into execution in the most ample and expeditions 
M'ay." Transactions of N. J. Medical Society, p. 37. 

GOV. FEAXKLIX REMOVES TO PERTH AMBOY. 

"In 1774, Gov. Franklin removed to Perth Amboy. The 
task undertaken by a governor of one of the provinces of Great 
Britain was one of great difficulty. His difficulties were greatly 
increased by the persistent attempt of the king, and his minis- 
ters and parliament, to tax the people of the colonies, without 
the consent of their representatives, which they were resolute in 
resisting. He seems to have been an amiable man, and to have 
performed his duty, with so much forbearance and good temper 
as to have become quite as popular as any governor could be. 
He was earnest in his endeavors to promote the welfare of the 
province. He purchased and improved a farm, imported from 
England agricultural implements, and collected one of the best 
libraries in the province. He was a handsome and very agree- 
able man, abounding in facetious anecdote, and thus resembling 
his father. That father continued on good terms with him until 
the war was in active progress. His last visit to him was after 
he removed to Perth Amboy in 1774. They then discussed the 
controversy between the mother country and her colonies. They 
were far from agreeing. Xo man in America was more fully 
resolved upon resistance, at whatever cost, than the elder Frank- 
lin. The son, who disapproved the earlier measures of the 
British ministry, was still mindful of his oath as a royal gover- 
nor ; and remained a thorough government man, deeming the 
ojiposition of the colonists more mad than the measures of the 
ministry." Elmer's Biographical Sketches, p. 52. 

FUND FOE MAIXTAIXIXG AN ORTHODOX MINISTER OF THE 

CHUECH OF ENGLAND. 

" AVe the Subscribers do promise to pay, on Demand, into the 
hands of the Church AVardens of S' Marys Church in Burling- 
ton, or Either of them, the Several Sums affixed to Our Names, 
in Order to establish a Fund for maintaining an Orthodox Min- 



IN BURLTNGTOX. 305 

ister of the Church of England in the Service of St. Mary's 
Church in Burlington aforesaid ; the Interest of which Fund is 
:at all times hereafter to be at the Sole Disposal of the Wardens 
■and Yestry of the said Church, for the use aforesaid. Witness 
Our hands the thirteenth day of March, 1775. 

"Dan Ellis, £15:0:0 ; John Tonkin, 10:0:0; Jn° Lawrence, 
15:0:0; Jacob Perkins, 6:0:0; Jam How, 15:0:0; Abraham 
Heulings, 15:0:0; John Xeale, 3:0:0 ; Arent Schuyler, 10:0:0 ; 
William Gamble, 6:0:0; John Fort, 4:0:0; Thomas P. Hew- 
lings, 10:0:0 ; AVilliam Heulings, 10:0:0 ; Daniel Hancock, 
•6:0:0; Thomas Xeale, 5:0:0; Mary Tonkin, 10:0:0; Edward 
Kemble, 10:0:0; William X'ewbold, 15:0:0; R. Strettel Jones, 
15:0:0; Jos: Bloomfield, (provided the Wardens & Yestry are 
dected by the Parishoners,) 15:0:0; William Smith, 5:0:0; 
Wm. Coxe,jun., 10:0:0; Jacob Perkins, 3:0:0; Isaac Perkins, 
3:0:0; William Perkins, 3:0:0; Rob' Lucas, 3:0:0; George 
Painter, 6:0:0 ; Thomas Hancock, 3:0:0." — Parish Archives. 

DR. <:)DELL PRACTICES MEDICINE TO MAINTAIN HIS FAMILY. 

Dr. Odcll to the Secretary/. Extract. 

"Burlington April 17, 1775. 
^' Reverend Sir, 

* * " In the conclusion of your Letter (for the polite 
and friendly manner of which I sincerely offer you my thanks) 
you intimate tliat ' the opinion entertained by some ^Members of 
the Society in respect to the value of my Mission ' had been an 
obstacle to the obtaining of my recpiest concerning the Lots in 
Burlington. In answer to which I must beg leave to observe 
that notwithstanding the value of my Mission I should actually 
lind it difficult, if possible, to maintain my Family which is a 
growing one,t did I not call into my aid the practice of Physick, 
for which Profession I was originally educated. And even with 
the addition which that has made to my Income (though I can 

t The Parish Register has these entries : " Baptized, April 21st 1773 at Bur- 
lington, Mary, first-born of Jonathan Odell and Anne his Wife, born the 19th 
of March preceding." 

" Baptized— Kovr 13—1774 William Franklin, Sd Child of Jonathan & 
Anne Odell— born Octr 19." 

U 



306 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

truly declare that I have all along made it a point to avoid every 
unnecessary Expencc) I am now but just out of Debt. It is pain- 
ful to a mind susceptible of any ingenuous feelings to be drawn 
as it were to make a boast of such things as ought rather to be 
left for the generous discovery or the candid acknowledgement 
of others. * * 

" Rev" Sir &c 

" Jox^ Odell.'^ 

DE. ODELL, CHAIRMAN OF COMMITTEE TO PRESENT A 

CHARTER. 

" At a general meeting of the New Jersey Medical Society, 
held at New Brunswick, May 9th 1775, it appearing on the last 
minutes, that Doctors Cochran, Odell and Barnet were appointed 
to present a petition to the Governor and Council for a Charter 
of Incorporation for this Society, Doctors Cochran and Barnet 
being present, were called upon and do report, that they did 
(pursuant to their appointment) present a petition, with a copy 
of a Charter, and some objections were made to the Charter, 
which they mentioned. And thereupon it was agreed by the 
Society that the Charter should be carefully inspected and 
amended, and again presented at Burlington, the next Conven- 
tion of the Governor and Council, by the following gentlemen^ 
viz.. Doctors Odell, Cochran, Burnet, Smith, Wiggins and Bain- 
bridge, or any three of them." Transactions of N. J. Medical 
Society, p. 38. 

STATE OF THE CHURCH IN NEW JERSEY. 

In the year 1775, we find the following : "The state of the 
Church in New Jersey is of late become a very respectable one, 
through the charitable interposition of the Society. The Mis- 
sionaries are all unblameable in their conduct, and some of them 
eminently useful. Instead of the small buildings, out of repair, 
in which the congregations used to assemble twenty years ago, M 
they have now several that make a handsome appearance, both I 
for size and decent ornament, particularly at Burlington, Shrews- 
bury, New Brunswick and Newark; and all the rest are in 



IX BURLINGTON. 307 

good repair ; and the congregations in general appear to be as 
much improved as the churches they assemble in. 

" The Society are indebted for this agreeable intelligence to 
their very excellent missionary Dr. Chandler, of Elizabethtown," 

OUTBREAK OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION. 

The causes which resulted in sundering the colonies from the 
Mother country, were complex and, some of them, secret. The 
" religious element " entered more largely into them than manv 
suppose. The unpublished MSS., on both sides, show that they 
extended through a long period of time. More than seventy 
years before armed hostilities commenced, John Talbot, in a 
letter to his friend, ivttered a prophetic warning. See his re- 
markable words, on p. 33, under date 10th April, 1703. 

To supply a link in these papers, we quote the familiar facts 
from White's Universal History : 

"The contest began at Lexington in the spring of 1775, by a 
skirmish, between the British troops and the armed provincials, 
for the possession of certain magazines. At the same time the 
deputies assembled at Philadelphia, assuming the title of ' Con- 
gress of the United Colonies of North America,' resolved upon 
raising an army for the defence of the country, and issued a 
paper currency for its payment. The first battle was fought at 
Bunker's Hill, near Boston, on the 17th June; and though 
neither side could boast of any decisive success, the royal troops 
suffered severely, and the real advantage remained with their 
antagonists. George Washington, who had acquired consider- 
able military reputation in the late colonial war with France, 
now received from congress the command in chief of the insur- 
gent forces." 

"ministers of the church bound to PROMOTE PEACE." 

Dr. Odell to the Secretary. Extract. 

"Burlington July 7, 1775. 
" Reverend Sir, 

" The Society will doubtless, expect from their Missionaries, at 
this important & melancholly crisis every effort of prudent zeal 
in the discharge of their duty, as Ministers of the Church, 



308 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

always bouncl to promote as far as in them lies, a spirit of peace 
and good order among the Members of their Communion. At 
the same time the Society cannot be unacquainted with the diffi- 
culties under which we now labor in this Country. But I think 
it unnecessary for me to trouble the Society upon this distressful 
topic ; because thev will receive every needful information from 
better hands; and in particular from an Address of the Philadel- 
phia Clergy to the Bishop of London, to which Address I beg 
leave to refer you, for a just tt true representation of the present 
state of the Church and of the situation of the Clergy in general 
in these Colonies. We think it of the utmost importance to the 
general good of the British Empire, that these matters should be 
thus truly stated and we most ardently pray that in these per- 
plexing & alarming troubles, we may by prudence & integrity 
of conduct contribute our mite towards obtaining a recovery and 
securing the future permanency of that harmony & peace upon 
just and practicable grounds, which is essential to the happiness 
& glory of the whole Empire. * * 

" I am Rev Sir, &c 

" JON^ OdELL." 
TWO LETTEr.S OF DR. ODELL SEIZED. 

"In Oct. 1775, a man named Christopher Carter, was arrested 
on his departure for England and his papers seized by the 
local committee of Inspection and Observation. Among them 
were two letters from Dr. Odell ; one anonymous, addressed to 
the Rev. Dr. Thomas B. Chandler, London, the other signed 
'Jon. Odell,' directed to 'Mrs. Bullock, Brixton Causeway, 
Surry, near AVestminster.' The Committee having taken the 
Doctor's parole not to leave the city, referred the matter to the 
Council of Safety, before whom he appeared Oct. 8tli. The 
Council resolved to send the letters to the Committee of Safety 
of Xew Jersey, and on their prisoner giving his word of honor 
to appear when required, he was discharged. 

"In the New Jersey Provincial Congress, Oct. I2th, 1775, 
among other proceedings, ' A letter from the Chairman of the 
Committee of Safety of Penn., enclosing two letters said to have 
been written by the Rev. Mr. J. Odell, of Burlington, to cer- 



IN BURLINGTON. ;309 

tain persons in Great Britain, and referring the consideration of 
the said letters to this Congress, was laid before ^the Congress, 
and the several letters were read, and ordered a second reading.' 

''A memorial from Rev. Mr. Odell prays that this Congress 
will be pleased to appoint an hour for his being heard this day, 
was read, and ordered a second reading. 

"Ordered: That Mr. Odell hath leave to return to his house 
at present, upon his parole of honor to attend this Congress on 
Tuesday next, at 3 o'clock, P. M. 

"Tuesday, Oct. 17, 1775. 

" 3 P. M. Pursuant to the order of the day, the Congress 
resumed the letter of the Committee of Safety of Penn,, the 
letters said to be written by the Rev. Mr. Odell and Mr. Odell's 
memorial ; and ]Mr. Odell attending was called in and heard, 
and then ordei'ed to withdraw. Whereupon, after deliberating 
thereon, the previous question being put, that the determination 
of Mr. Odell's case be postponed till to-morrow morning; re- 
solved accordingly. 

" Wednesday, Oct. 18. The Congress resumed the considera- 
tion of Mr. Odell's case ; and having deliberated thereon, are of 
opinion that it appears, from the general purpose of Mr. Odell's 
letter that he disapproves of, and is in principle opposed to, the 
measures of defence adopted by the Continent, to prevent the 
oppressive designs of the British ministry ; but, as this Congress 
would by no means violate the right of private sentiment, and 
as Mr. Odell's letter does not clearly appear to have been in- 
tended to influence public measures, and as some degree of 
ambiguity is contained in several parts thereof, this Congress 
do therefore decline passing any public censure against him." 
— American Archives, Series Fourth, Vol. Ill, pp. 1224, 1227. 

THE EARNEST WISHES OF DR. ODELL. 

In the report of the S. P. G. from Feb. 1775 to Feb. 1776, 
we find the following : " The Rev. Mr. Odell in his letters 
expressed his most earnest wishes that in the present alarming 
troubles, the prudence and integrity of the missionaries may 
contribute towards a recovery of harmony and peace, or at least 



310 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

secure them from the violence of the times ; but the Society 
have reason to believe that Mr. Odell has met with a disappoint- 
ment of his wishes in his own person," 



SONG FOE A FISHIXG PARTY NEAR BURLIXGTOX, OX THE 

DELAWARE, IX 1776. 

[To the 3d verse Dr. Odellf has appended this note: "Protestant was a 
terra adopted by a circle of Loyalists."] 

How sweet is the season, the sky how serene; 
On Delaware's banks how delightful the scene ; 
The Prince of the rivers, his waves all asleep, 
In silence majestic glides on to the Deep. 

Away from the noise of the fife and the drum. 
And all the rude din of Kellona we come ; 
And a plentiful store of good humour we bring 
To season our feast in the shade of Cold Spring. 

A truce then to all whig and tory debate ; 
True lovers of Freedom, contention we hate; 
For the Demon of discord in vain tries his art 
To inflame or possess a true Protectant heart. 

True Protestant friends to fair Liberty's cause, 
To decorum, good order, religion and laws, 
From avarice, jealousy, perfidy, free ; 
We wish all the world were as happy as we. 

We have wants, we confess, but are free from the care 
Of those that abound, yet have nothing to spare; 
Serene as the sky, as the river serene, 
We are happy to want envy, malice and spleen. 

While thousands around us, misled by a few, 
The Phantom of pride and ambition i>ursue, 
^V^itli pity their fatal delusion we see ; 
And wish all the world were as hapjiy as we I 



ODE FOR THE KING S BIRTH-DAY. 

[Written by Dr. Odell on occasion of the King's birth day, 
June 4th, 177G, and sung by a number of British officers, (cap- 
tured at St. John's and Chambly by Gen. Montgomery) who 
were prisoners at that time at Burlington ; and who, to avoid 
offence, had an entertainment in honor of the day prepared on 

f " Dr. Odell and Mr. Stanslnuy were the two most important loyal versi- 
fiers of their time." " As a political satirist," says Winthrop Sargent, in his 
collections of "The Loyalist Poetry of the Pevolution," p. 202, "Dr. Odell is 
entitled to rank high. In fertility of conception, and vigor and ease of expres- 
sion, many passages in his poems will compare favorably with those of 
Churchill and Canning." 



IN BURLINGTON. 311 

au island iu the Delaware, where they dined under a tree. They 
had their band of music on the island, and "that," says Craft, 
"had liked to have made a Rumpus." Was "Hail Columbia," 
suggested by these lines?] 

O'er Britannia's happy Land, 

Ruled by George's mild command, 

On this bright auspicious day 

Loyal hearts tlieir tribute pay. 

Ever sacred be "to mirth, 

The day that gave our Monarch birth ! 

There, the thundering Cannon's roar 
Echoes round from shore to shore ; 
Koyal Banners wave on high ; 
Drums and trumpets rend the sky. 

There our Comrades, clad in Arms, 
Long enured to War's alarms, 
Marshall'd all in bright array, 
Welcome this returning day." 

There the temples chime their bells ; 
And the pealing anthem swells ; 
And the gay and grateful throng 
•Join the loud triumphant song I 

Nor to Britain's Isle confin'd— 
Many a distant region joined 
Under George's happy swav, 
Joys to hail this welcome day. 

O'er this Land among the rest, 
Till of late supremely blest, 
George, to sons of Britain dear, 
Swelled the song from year to vear. 

Here we now lament to find, 
Sons of Britain, tierce and blind. 
Drawn from loyal love aslrav, 
Hail no more this welcome day. 

When by foreign Foes dismav'd. 
Thankless Sons, ye call'd for aid : 
Then, we gladly fought and bJed, 
And your Foes in triumph led. 

INow, by Fortune's blind command, 
Captives in your hostile Land ; 
To this lonely spot we strav, 
Here unseen "to hail this day. 

Though by Fortune thus betrav'd, 
For awhile we seek tlie shade," 
Still our loyal hearts are free, 
Still devoted, George, lo thee'. 

Britain, Empress of the Main, 
Fortune envies thee in vain ; 
•Safe, while Ocean round thee flows, 
Though the world were all thv Foes. 



312 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH. 

Long as Sun and Moon endure, 

Britain's Tlirone sliall stand secure, 

And Great George's royal line, 

There in splendid honor shine. 

Ever sacred be to mirth, 

The day that gave our Monarch birth !' 

DECLARATION OF IXDEPEXDENCE. 

" The congress/' says Whitens Universal History, " now re- 
solved on the decisive step of a declaration of independence, 
■which was issued on the 4th of July, 1776; and they at the same 
time established a federative union among the belligerent colo- 
nies, assuming the title of ' The United States of America.' 
But the slender forces of the new republic were for some time 
hardly able anywhere to face the numerous and well-appointed 
armies of Britain. They lost New York and New Jersey, and 
congress was compelled to take refuge in Maryland." 

DR. ODELL PAROLED. 

" July 20, 1776. Ordered, That Peter Tallman, Esq., Chair- 
man of the County Committee of Burlington, be directed to take 
the parole of the Rev. Jonathan Odell, a person suspected of 
being inimical to American liberty ; that he confine himself on 
the East side of Delaware river, within a circle of eight miles 
from the Court House in the city of Burlington." 

" Thursday, August 1, 1776. A letter from the Rev. Mr. 
Odell, praying, for certain reasons, that he may be excused from 
signing the parole heretofore ordered, and offering a new parole 
binding himself not to hold any political correspondence with 
the enemy, or to furnish them with provisions or intelligence, 
read. "Whereupon the Convention having taken the same iutc; 
consideration. Ordered, that Mr. Odell sign tlie original parole 
sent to the Committee of Burlington." — Forceps American Ar- 
chives, Ath Series, Vol. YI, pj). 1651, 1656. 

GOV. FRANKLIN CONFINED AS A PRISONER OF WAR. 

"All the hopes, no doubt for several years fondly indulged 
in by Governor Franklin, of the final success of the royal cause, 
were doomed to disappointment. He was arrested by order of 
the Provincial Congress in 1776, and confined as a prisoner of 



IX BURLINGTON. 313 

■vvar. He was not exchanged nntil lie had suffered an impris- 
onment of two years and live montlis. In the mean time his 
library was burned by an accidental fire ; and his wife, who is 
represented as an elegant woman, amiable and intelligent, died 
in New York. He took up his residence in that city, remain- 
ing there several years, aiding the royal arms, as President of 
the Board of Associated Royalists, and by all other means in his 
power. In 1782, he returned to England, after a sojourn in 
America of twenty years. 

" In consideration of the losses he had sustained by the con- 
fiscation of his property and otherwise, the British government 
granted to him eighteen hundred pounds, nearly nine thousand 
dollars, and allowed him a pension of nearly four thousand dol- 
lars a year, thus placing him, in a pecuniary point of view, in 
a better situation than if he had remained Governor of New 
Jersey. He afterwards married again, an Irish lady, and died 
in 1813, at the age of about eighty-three. 

" The author of a work published in 1802, says : ' Governor 
Franklin, in point of person, is above the common size, wuth 
the eye and figure of a veteran. Although subject to the gout, 
he appears to be strong and athletic, and was accounted one of 
the handsomest men in America. He is now about sixty-five 
years of age, and resembles his father in a variety of particulars. 
Like him he is cheerful, facetious, admirably calculated for tell- 
ing a pleasing story, and no enemy to social converse, hilaritv, 
and the pleasures of the table, when indulged in moderation. 
Like him, too, he makes his ablutions every morning, and is 
equally partial to an air and a water bath.' " — Elmers Biogroph- 
ical Sketches. 

THE EXHIBIT OF PAROCHIAL WORK BY DR. ODELL. 

From the day when Dr. Odell became the rector of St. Mary's 
Church, to Dec. 21st, 1776,— a period of nine years and five 
months — the Parish Eegister has twenty-six closely written 
folio pages, of most neatly, and accurately, kept records ; the 
totals of which are, Baptisms 249, Marriages 122, Burials 131, 
— a very large exhibit. 



314 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

DR. ODELL WILL NOT SACRIFICE ANY PRINCIPLES, AND 

BECOMES A REFUGEE. 

Dr. Odell to the Secretary. Extract. 

"New York Jany 7, 1777. 
" My Dear Sir : 

" You may possibly have heard that I attempted to send a 
'Letter to you above a twelve mouth shice, and that my Letter 
being intercepted embarassed me not a little with Committees 
and Conventions, who were willing to find offence where none 
was intended. I told them and have had several occasions of 
telling them since, a very honest truth, that I did not mean to 
dissemble my sentiments concerning the measures of Congress, 
but that I had made it a Rule to myself from the beginning of 
our troubles, not to interfere directly or indirectly in Public 
Affairs, and tho' I neither could nor would make any sacrifice 
of my principles or duty, either as a Loyal Subject or a Minis- 
ter of the Church of England, t yet my political conduct should 
be inoffensive, if they would allow a passive conduct to be so, 
and in short that I presumed it reasonable in me to expect I 
should be indulged in the unmolested enjoyment of my private 
sentiments so long as I did not attempt to influence the senti- 
ments or conduct of other men, and that private sentiments ought 
not to be made matter of public notice, much less of public cen- 
sure. I concluded such a tenor of conduct m our situation was not 
only necessary but at the same time becoming the characters of 
Clergymen and especially of Missionaries and therefore would be 
approved of by the Society. But this specific system did not screen 
me in particular from much jealousy and misrepresentation. 

t AVhen a Deaeon is ordered in the Churnli of England, "before the Gospel, 
the Bishop, sitting in his chair, causes the Oath of the King's Supremacy, and 
against the power and authority of all foreign Potentates, to be ministered unto 

him as follows : ' I, do swear, that I do from my heart abhor, detest, 

and abjure, as impious and heretical, that damnable Doctrine and Position, 
That Princes excommunicated or deprived by the Pope, or any Authority of 
the See of Kome, may be deposed or murdered by their Subjects, or any other 
ivhatsoever. And I do declare, that no foreign Prince, Person, Prelate, State, 
or Potentate, hath, or ought to have, any Jurisdiction, Power, Superiority, Pre- 
eminence, or Authority, Ecclesiastical or Spiritual, witliin this Kealni. So help 
.ME God.'" — Ordinal of the Church of England. 



IN BURLIXGTOX. 315 

"A Parole was deinanded of me, limiting me to M'ithin 8 miles 
of Burlington & binding me to forbear all political correspondence 
on the subject of the public dispute, not to furnish any provis- 
ions nor to give any intelligence to the Kings Troops. After 
giving this Parole I remain'd unmolested at home till about the 
middle of last Month, when a Body of Hessians under the com- 
mand of Count Donop came to Burlington intending to take 
Post with us for the Winter. Some of my Neighbours thought 
it advisable to meet the Commandant on his approach to the 
Town and to request him to spare the Inhabitants from Insult and 
their property from pillage, they requested me to go with them 
<fe assist in this charitable Address as an Interpreter. I did so and 
had the pleasure to find that I had a pretty good prospect of 
being of real service to my peaceable Neighbours. But five Gon- 
dolas lying in the River began to cannonade the Town in order 
to prevent the Troops taking Quarter with us. jNIany Houses 
were damaged but nobody hurt. The Hessian Commandant 
however having with him no heavy Cannon thought proper to 
retire that Night to Bordentown intending to return with Artil- 
lery sufficient to make good his quarters. In the mean time tho' 
I believe every candid man will wonder why we should be pun- 
ished for having been left defenceless and for having solicited 
safety from the Kings Troops in our defenceless condition, even 
supposing us to have assented to those measures which had 
brought the Troops into the country & even to our Doors ; yet 
true it is, that as soon as it was known on board of the Gondolas 
that the Troops had left us, the Town was cruelly insulted and 
from day to day kept in Alarm by those River Tyrants. Mr 
Lawrence, young M"" Hawlings & myself were in particular pur- 
sued by two captains ct a number of armed men. We made our 
escapes & were under the necessity of taking refuge among the 
King's Troops, and as the design of taking Post at Burlington 
was soon after given up, I have been obliged to leave my wife 
& 3 children (the youngest not five weeks old) and to ramble as 
a Refugee God knows when to return. 

" In this situation I take the liberty to request that you will 
communicate the contents of this Letter to the Society ; perhaps 
I ought rather to have written to the Secretary, but mv little 



316 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

narrative seemed to require a stile of more minute freedom tlian 
one can well use, unless to an intimate acquaintance and I hope 
the Society will admit of this apology. I suppose it can hardly 
be necessary to tell you what I presume you will take for granted 
that I among most of my Brethren thought it my duty to shut 
up ray Church and discontinue my attendance on the Public 
Worship from the fatal day of the Declaration of Independency. 
" Public news I need not give you as you will receive better 
intelligence from others. I shall onlv mention that if thelvinos 
Troops on their arrival at Trenton had crossed the River Dela- 
ware (which notwithstanding the want of Boats was most un- 
doubtedly practicable) they would certainly have taken posses- 
sion of Philadelphia without any opposition. You will oblige 
me by informing the Society that I lost almost all the Fence 
round the Point Lot last Winter by the Soldiers quartered in 
the Barracks at Burlington, who made Fuel of the Rails and it 
has cost me £36 to renew the Fence, which after all will prob- 
ably be again destroy'd this Winter. Two years Rent of the 
Glebe Land near Prince Town amounting to £60 I expect . to 
lose and indeed there is no prospect of my getting any Rent 
from that quarter nor any Salary from my Parishioners in future, 
until this unnatural War is happily terminated, and when that 
will be God only knows, though I hope it may be nearer tlian 
many are apt to imagine. 

" I am &c 

" Jox^ Odell." 



"the people almost unanimous in their aversion to 

independency." 

Dr. Odell to the Secretary. Extract. 

"New York Jan 25. 1777 
" Reverend Sir : 

" The Society has doubtless of late received from the Clergy 
of this City and some Missionaries who have taken refuge here 
a general account of the State of the Church in this unhappy 
and distracted Country. For my own part this is the tirst 



IN BURLINGTON. 317 

opportunity I have had for a long time of writing to England, 
except a few days ago immediately after my arrival here, when 
I wrote in great haste to Dr. Chandler by the Bristol Man of 
"War just then on the point of Sailing. 

''The people of my Mission in these times of public distrac- 
tion have in general discovered a spirit of moderation and have 
been almost unanimous in their aversion to independency ; but 
the progress of that party in the Country who seem long since 
to have been determined on that fatal measure has been con- 
ducted in such a manner as to preclude any effectual opposition. 
In fact the Independency assumed by the Congress long before 
they declared it, made it both difficult and dangerous to attempt 
any other opposition than a silent testimony of disapprobation. 

" In such a situation, having no opportunities of consulting 
with each other, the Clergy have been obliged to conduct them- 
selves with delicacy and caution. About 15 Months ago we 
had a meeting of our Corporation for the Relief of the Widows 

ct Children of the Clergy when we shall be able again to 

meet is a question that gives us much anxiety — on that occasion 
we wrote a joint Letter to the Society which I hope has been 
received and with candid indulgence approved by the Society, 
who wall have discovered that our unavoidable embarrassments 
Avere encreased by the indiscreet conduct (to say no more) of the 
Philadelphia Clergy. Since the declaration of Independency 
the alternative has been either to make such alterations in the 
Liturgy as both honor and conscience must be alarmed at, or else 
to shut up our Churches, and discontinue our attendance on the 
public Worship. It was impossible for me to hesitate a moment 
in such a case and I find that many of the Clergy in Pennsyl- 
vania and .every one in New Jersey (Mr. Black well only 
excepted) have thought it their indispensible duty in this per- 
plexing situation to suspend our public Ministrations rather than 
make any alteration in the established Liturgy. At the same 
time we were persuaded that in every other respect to pursue a 
conduct inoffensive if possible even in the eye of our Enemies, 
was what the Society both wished and expected from us & what 
we owed to our own characters as Ministers of the Gospel ; 



318 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

happy if in this most trying time our conduct meets with the 
Society's approbation. 

" I am Reverend Sir &c 

"JON^ Odell.'^ 

THE FRIENDLINESS OF THE VESTRY TOWARDS DR. ODELL. 

Dr. Odell to the Secretary. Extract. 

"New York, Aug' 18. 1777. 
" Reverend Sir : 

* * Since my being driven from home I have been 

occasionally employed as a Deputy Chaplain in the Army which 
has afforded me some relief; but still my losses are very consid- 
erable and without the aids I have received from England my 
Eamily must have suffered greatly. If I remember well the 
deduction which has been made from my Salary amounts to 
£15, which added to my Salary for the Six Months from Christ- 
mas to the 25"" of June last makes £40 Sterling for which Sum 
I have this day drawn Bills on the Treasurer of the Society pay- 
able to the order of Mess" Edw &, W™ Laight in which I hope 
I shall have the approbation of the Society. 

" My j)resent situation makes it impossible for me to send any 
Parochial Notices. I have been informed that the Vestry of 
Burlington met on Easter Monday last and Voted that ray 
Salary of £30 currency should be continued notwithstanding 
my absence. It is very uncertain whether they may be able 
to carry this Vote into effect but it gives a pleasing proof of 
their friendly disposition in these times of Trial to 

" Rev'' Sir &c 

"JoN^ Odell.'* 

CESSATION OF PUBLIC WORSHIP. 

In 1779, it is stated "that there has been a total cessation of 
public worship in the provinces of New Jersey and Pennsyl- 
vania, and almost every Missionary driven out." After this date 
we lose our venerable guide, the S. P. G., as the Churches lost 
the "nursing care and protection "^ which she had so long and 
generously supplied. 



IX BURLTNGTOX. 31D 

JAMES LAWEENCE BORX AXD BAPTIZED. 

The Parish Register has the following: — "1781, Baptized bv 
the Rev'' M"" Frazer, Xov"" 1.4, James, of John and Martha 
Lawrence.'' 

This child, born in Burlington the same year, was Capt.. 
JamesJ Lawrence, who distinguished himself in the American 
Na\y, and made immortal the words, "Don't give up the shiiD."" 
His remains, buried first at Halifax, were afterwards brought 
to the city of Xew York, and deposited in Trinity Church yard, 
where a handsome monument was erected to his memory. 

GEX. "WASHIXGTOX, AND BAEOX STEUBEX. 

That brief chronicler— James Craft — before quoted, in his 
curious MS. of " Daily Occurrences," still existing with some 
of his descendants, in Burlington, makes these notes : " 1782, 
3 mo. 23 dy. Gen. George Washington in our city." " 1782, 
3 mo. 30 dy. Baron Steuben in our Town." 

DR. ODELL MAKES AX ADDRESS. 

Early in the Spring of 1782, standards were presented to the 
King's American Dragoons with imposing ceremonies, when the 
Rev. Dr. Odell made an address, in the presence of a large 
number of distinguished officers of the British Army and Xavy, 
including the Prince William Henry, (afterwards William lY,) 
who was, at that time, in New York, as a midshipman in the 
fleet of Admiral Digby. 

EXGLAXD RECOGXIZES AMEEICAX INDEPENDEXCE. 

"The recognition by England of American Independence was 
first made in the provisional articles of peace signed at Paris, 
Xovember 30th, 1782. The definitive treaty to that effect was 
signed at Paris, Sep. 3d, \1^^:^— Anderson's Colonial Churchy 
p. 399. 

DE. ODELL GOES TO EXGLAXD. 

Sir Guy Carleton succeeding Sir Henry Clinton as com- 
mander-in-chief of the British forces in 1782, arrived in Xew 



320 HISTOKY OF THE CHURCH 

York, in May. On November 5th, 1783, he evacuated the 
city ; after the signing of the treaty of peace. Dr. Odell accom- 
l)anied this gentleman to England. 



DR. ODELL EEGAEDS HIMSELF AS STILL THE RECTOR. 

Rev. Dr. Odell to his Wife. 

"London, 5 of July, 1784. 
"x\Iy Dear Nancy 

"Your last letter of May 2d, gives me an account of conduct 
in the Vestry, which I confess surprises me. However I do 
not mean to upbraid them, if they are not of themselves con- 
scious of their ingratitude towards me, it were in vain to 
attempt convincing them, either by argument or expostulations. 
All I shall say is, let them look to their Church which they 
must confess I have a right to tell them is a monument of the 
indefagitable and disinterested Zeal of a Man whose Family 
had every reason to expect all the kind Keturns and friendly 
attentions in their power especially at a time like that which 
has torn me so long from them. Give my love to Mr. Law- 
rence and Mr. Ellis, and tell the latter that I entrust you, as my 
lawful attorney, to make a formal demand of him for payment 
into your hands of all rents and issues arising from the Church 
Estate, whether in Burlington or at Stony Brook, from the time 
of my being forcibly driven away by an armed Body. As no 
part of that Estate can belong to or be disposable by any Person 
but the Minister of St. Mary's Church for the time being, to 
whose use that estate was given, not by the Inhabitants of Bur- 
lington, nor by their Ancestors, but by Strangers chiefly and 
one lot at least of it by aids contributed by my Friends and 
collected by myself, and they certainly know that I am in fact 
the Minister of that Church until I shall either voluntarily 
resign or be legally dispossessed of my right which is a real and 
Substantial Freehold, not in the smallest degree affected by the 
revolution. And you will further please to inform Mr. Ellis 
that the Vestry may expect, on my Part, that I shall not tamely 
relinquish my Claim to rigid Justice, but avail myself of every 



IX BURLIXGTOX. 321 

la\vfal and Practicable means to compel them to do that which 
they ought to Blush not to have done of their own accord. f 

" I hope shortly to write to you more at leisure. At present 
I can only add that I have at last good reason to think my 



DR. ODELL IX PROSPERITY AT LAST. 

When the Province of Xova Scotia was divided, Dr. Odell 
was called to a seat in his Majesty's Council in the Province of 
Xew Brunswick, and became the .Secretary, Registrar, and Clerk 
of the Council, with a salary of a thousand pounds sterling. 

T Margaret Morris^, a Quakeress, wlio purcliased Grov. Franklin's lioiise on 
tlie bank, when the Governor reruoved to Perth Aniboy; anil mIio occupied 
it during the stormy days of the Eevohition, kejit a journal from which we 
make the following extracts : " Dec 14th 1776. Several of our friends called 
to see us ; amongst the number was one (Dr. Odell) esteemed by the whole 
family, and very intimate in it : but the spirit of the devil still continued to 
rove through the town in the shape of t(jry-hunters. A message was delivered 
to our intimate friend, informing him a party of armed men were on the 
search for him- — -his horse was brought, and he retired to a place of safety. 

* " From the loth to the 16th, '■' •- parties of armed men 
rudely entered the town, and diligent search was made for tories : * ■'■ 

a loud knocking at my door brought me to it — I was a little fluttered, and 
kept locking and tmlocking that I might get my ruffled face a little composed 
— at last I opened it, and half a dozen men all armed, demanded the key of 
the empty house. I asked what they wanted there ; they said to search for a 
Tory. The name of a tory, so near mi/ own door, seriously alarmed me, for a 
poor refugee '•' '■• was at that very time concealed like a thief in an 
auger hole — I rung the bell violently, the signal agreed on if thev came to 
search, and when 1 thought he had crept into the hole, I put on a very sin)ple 
look, and cried out, ' Bless me, I hope you are not Hessians.' '-^ - 

— but I'll go with you into Col. Cox's house. * •■ So I marched at 

the head of them, opened the door, and searched every place, but Me could 
not tind the tory, — strange where he could be. "We returned — they, greatly 

• lisappointed — I, pleased to think my house was not suspected. ■■■ * •* 
They left us, and searched J. Y's [.James Veree] and the two next houses, but 
no tory could they find. •'- ■^•- In the evening I went to town with my 
refugee, and placed h ilia in other lodgings. -" ^•" Dec. 18th. '^ -' 
Our refugee gone off to-day out of the reach of gondolas and tory hunters. 
"■■" Dec. 22d. " This afternoon we hear of our refugee again, and that 
he has a got a protection, as it is called. The rage of torv-hunting a little 
subsided. -" '■' 

•• .Jan. 12tli 1777. "■'" - "We have some hopes that our refugee will 
lie presented with a pair of lawn sleeves, when dignities become cheap, and 
suppose he will then think himself too big to creep' into his old auger hole- 
but I shall remind him of the place, if I live to see him created first B p of 

I'' "•" The ''auger hole," to which the Quakeress thus plavfullv alludes, 

was, no doubt, "the Secret Chamber," under the roof of the South East Aving 
of her residence, entered from a room adjoining by opening a linen closed 
drawing out the shelves, prying up the moveable back, and admitting a per- 
son, liy stooping, to a dark, but quite roomy apartment, which had no window, 
or aperture for light, and coidd only be entered, in this mysterious way. 
Before the Gov. Franklin house was demolished in 1873, I went into tins 
secret chamber, with extraordinary interest. o. m. it. 

X 



322 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 



There, after a long separation from them he was rejoined by his 
family. t The duties of these offices he faithfully discharged for 

J In ISIO, Dr. Odell addressed the following lines to his wife: 

ox OUR TIIIRTY-XINTH WEDDING DAY. 

() May, 1810. 

Twice nineteen years, dear Nancy, on this day 
Complete their circle, since the siuMing May 
Beheld us at the altar kneel and join 
In holy rites and vows, which made thee mine. 

Then, like the reddening East without a cloud. 
Bright was my dawn of joy. To Heaven I bowed 
In tliankful exultation, well assured 
That all my heart coukl covet was secured. 

But ah, hew soon tliis dawn of Joy so bright 
Was followed by a dark and stormy niglit. 
The howling tempest in a fatal hour, 
Drove me, an exile, from our nuptial bower, 

To seek for refuge in the tented field, 
Till democratic Tyranny should yield. 
Thus torn asunder, we, from year to year, 
Endured the alternate strife of Hope and Fear ,• 

Till, from Suspense deliver'd by Defeat, 

I hither came and found a safe retreat. 

Here joined by thee and thy young youthful train^ 

I was o'erpaid for years of toil and pain ; 

We had renounced our native hostile shore ; 
And met, I trust, till death to part no more ! 
But fast approaching now the verge of life 
With what emotions do I see a Wife 

And Children smiling Avitli affection dear, 
And think — how sure tlie parting and liow near ! 
The solemn thought I wish not to restrain ; 
Tho' painful, tis a salutary pain. 

Then let tliis verse in your remembrance live. 
That, when from life released, I still may give 
A token of my love ; may whisper still 
Some fault to shun, some duty to fulfill ; 

May prompt your Sympathy, some pain to share ; 
Or warn you of some pleasures to beware ; 
Eemind you that the Arrow's silent flight, 
I'nseen alike at noon, or dead of night. 

Should cause no perturbation or dismay 
But teach you to enjoy the passing day 
With dutiful tranquillity of mind 
Active and vigilant but still resigned. 

For our Kedeemer liveth and we know, 
How or whenever parted here below, 
His faithful servants in the Kealm above, 
Shall meet again as heirs of His eternal love. 



IX BURLINGTOX. 323 

upwards of thirty years. t He is called in the annals of that 
Province, "The Honorable and Rev. Jonathan Odell." — Sabinc^s 
American Loyalists, p. 485. 

THE PARISH A LOXG TIME AVITHOUT A MINISTER. 
SAMUEL ROE IXYITED TO BE READER. 

In the Records of St. Mary's Church is the following : — "At 
a meeting of the congregation of St. Mary's Church at I3urling- 
ton, on Monday, the 18th of October, 1784, Mr. Samuel Roe 
having obtained a license from the clergy and laity lately met 
in Convention at the city of New York, to be a Reader in any 
Church that should give him a call for the purpose ; and 
whereas the Church at Burlington hath been for a long time 
without a minister to officiate therein, it was the unanimous 
voice of the congregation to invite the said Samuel Roe to be 
the Reader of this Church, which was accordingly done." % 

SAMUEL ROE, ORDAIXED. 

"Samuel Roe was ordained Deacon, Sept. 16th, and Priest 
the 18th, 1785, in the City of Xew Haven, in the State of Con- 
necticut, by the Right Rev'd Dr. Samuel Seabury." — Parish 
Register. 

Two others were ordained with him, one of whom was Samuel 
Spraggs. 

This was the third occasion of ordination by Bishop Seabury, 
after he received the Episcopate from what has been so fittingly 
called, "the Catholic remainder of the Church of Scotland."! 
And "wheresoever" the "Apostles doctrine and fellowship" is 



t At an advanced age lie relinquished his appointments and retired from 
public life. He died at Frederickton, N. B., Nov. 2-Jth, 1818, aged 81 years. 
His widow, Anne, died at Frederickton, in 1825, aged 85 years. 

j "Samuel Eoewas Licensed tooflSciateas a reader in the Episcopal church, 
by the Rev'd Clergy of Xew York, October 7th, 1784, and was received by 
the "Wardens, Yestry and congregation of the Churcli of St. Mary's, in the 
City of Burlington, Oct. 18th, to be their Eeader." — I'arish Bec/ister. 

I The Rev. Samuel Seabury, D. D., of Connecticut, was consecrated a 
Bishop, in Aberdeen, Scotland, Nov. 14th, 1784, by Robert Kilgour, Bishop 
of Aberdeen ; Arthur Petrie, Bishop of Moray and Ross ; and John Skinner, 
Coadjutor Bishop of Aberdeen. He returned to America early in 1785. 



324 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

carried, by the American Church, till the remotest times, "this, 
that " the Scottish Churcli " hath done, shall be spoken of for a 
memorial of her." 

SUISSCRIPTIONS TO T.ETAIX THE SERVICES OF THE EEV. 

SAMUEL ROE. 

"AYhereas the Rev'd Samuel Roe Minister of St. Mary's 
Church in Burlington hath received a Call from some Churches 
in the Delaware State with a Salary of three hundred and fifty 
pounds f^ Annum besides perquisits. And whereas the said 
Samuel Roe has Signified that unless his Salary here is Aug- 
mented to two hundred pounds Exclusive of what he receives 
at Bristol, he shall not be Doing Justice to his Family, if he 
refuses to take up with the said offer. We the Subscribers in 
order to make up the said Sum Do freely and Chearifully Give 
the Sums affixed to our respective Names Over and Above the 
rents of our pews, and Do promise to pay the same unto Daniel 
Ellis — In Quarterly payments, that is to say on the first of May, 
the first of August, the first of November and the first February 
1787 for the purpose aforesaid. And we Do further agree that 
should there be more subscribed than will pay the same the sur- 
plus shall be appropriated to the raising of a Fund for the main- 
taining a minister in the said Church. Witness our hands the 
thirtieth Day of January 1786 : 



Daniel Ellis £ 6 00 

Jo.shna M.Wallace 10 00 

Bowes Keed 00 



Jno. Lawi'eiice £6 00 

.John Land 17 G 

Wm. Smith 1 00 



K. StreUell Jones 10 John .Stockton 10 



Jno. A. DeXornuuidie, V 

order o 00 

Geo. Mitchell 3 00 

Fred Kisselman 10 00 

.Tos. Bloomtield 6 00 

James Esdall 1 10 

Aaron ychuvler 1 10 

Samuel Bulkis 3 00 



Thomas M. Gardiner 15 

Geo. Smith 10 

D. Dennv 1 10 

JohnBaillie 3 00 

Ellis Wright 2 00 

-James Gregson 3 00 

Samuel Hendry t> 00 

John How 3 00 



Sterling & Norcross 4 00 | Joseph Scott 3 00 

Dr. Samuel Treat 2 00 i Abraham Scott 1 10 

George (4riscom 1 10 I Jos. Stoute 10 

John Snilck 15 Ricli'd Stoute 10 

Xatlianiel Coleman 15 Sam'l Allen, "f oi'der 1 10 

— Parish A rehires. 



IN BUELIXGTON. 325 

THE REV. SAMUEL SPRAGGS, TEMPORAEILY OrFICIATIXG. 

On the 4th day of Septemljer, 1786, St. Mary's Church being 
vacantjt a committee was appointed to treat with tiie wardens ol' 
St. Andrew's Church, Mount Holly, with a view to obtaining 
the services of their minister, the Rev. Mr. Spraggs, X until they 
could " supply themselves with a gospel minister.'^ The result 
was an arrangement! that Mr. Spraggs should preach in Bur- 
lington, one-fourth part of the time, which ajjpears to have con- 
tinued for more than a year. 

OFFICIAL COMMUNICATIONS FROM ENGLAND. 

" A Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church, in the 
State of Xew Jersev," was held in St. Marv's Church, Burling- 
ton, on the 27th & 28th of Sep., 1786, '' being the third sitting," 
(the two former Conventions having been, at New Brunswick, 
July 6th, 1785, and at Perth Amboy, from May 16th to 19th, 
1786.) Among the members, those from Burlington were Ab- 
raham Hewlings, Esq., and Col. Blathwait Jones. 

"A letter from the Lords Archbishops of Canterbury and 
York, addressed to the president of the general convention, 
received by the June packet, was read ;" also 



f Sometime after July 28th, 1786, "a difScnlty having ari.~en between Mr. 
Eoe and his people, the connection between tliem was dissolved." 

X At a meeting of the vestry of St. Andrew's Church, Mount Holly, held 
Oct. 29th, 1785, "Mr. Spraggs produced to the Board his admission to the 
Order of Deacon and Priest by the Eight Eev'd Samuel, Bishop of Connecti- 
cut and also a License and Authority to officiate a Minister of the Gospel 
according to the Litui-gy of the Church of England except such part thereof 
as shall be repugnant to the Civil Constitution of the American States which 
were read in order." " It was moved to the Board by Mr. Spraggs Aveither 
some persons from this Congregation ought not to be appointed to meet a 
Convention of the Clergy & Laity of the Episcopal Church of this State at 
their next sitting & it was unanimously Agreed that some persons ought to be 
appointed and thereupon, Eesolved that Mr. Spraggs iS: Mr. .John Clark, Mr. 
"\Vm. Budd & Mr. Eead be appointed for that purpose." 

? At a meeting of the vestry of St. Andrew's Church, Mount Holly, Nov. 
18th, 1786, this record only appears; *' Whereas the Wardens and Vestry of 
Burlington Church have made application for a pan of Mr. Spraggs time we 
do agree with the Consent of a majority of the Vestry that Mr. Spraggs has 
our approbation to be there ', part of liis time and we do also agree, that Mr. 
Spraggs and Mr. .John Clark be a Committee to meet with the Wardens and 
Vestry of Burlington in that City to Confer and agree with them concerning 
said matter on Saturdav 25th inst." 



326 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

" A letter addressed to the committee of the general conven- 
tion, from the Archbishop of Canterbury, dated July 4, 1786, 
enclosing an act of the British Parliament respecting the con- 
secration of Bishops for foreign countries, together with the said 
act, was read ; 

" Ordered, That the said letters and act of parliament lie 
on the table. 

" A journal of the general convention, held at Philadelphia, 
from the 20th to the 26th of June, 1786, inclusive, was read, 
and ordered to lie on the table. 

" Besohed, That four clerical and four lay-delegates be ap- 
pointed to represent the Church in this state, in the general con- 
vention to be held at Wilmington on the 10th of October next. 

" Agreed, That the clergy and laity severally appoint their 
own delegates, and that each order submit their choice, when 
made, to the approbation or rejection of the other; but that this 
mode of electing delegates be not drawn into precedent. The 
Reverend Messrs. Beach, Ayers, Frazer and Ogden — John 
Chetwood, Henry Waddell, Joshua M, Wallace and John Cox, 
Esquires, were duly elected, and approved delegates, for the pur- 
pose aforesaid." — Journal of said Convention. 

THE VESTRY RECOMMEND MR, JOHX WADE FOR ORDERS. 

Towards the close of 1787, the vestry agreed to recommend 
Mr. John Wade to the Rt. Rev. Bishop AVhite, f for orders, 
provided the congregation at Mt. Holly join with them in said 
recommendation. 



THE REV. JOHX WADE, MINISTER. 

At the Easter meeting in 1788, the Rev. John Wade appears 
as minister. At the same meeting however, a committee was 



t The Rev. William White, D. D., of Pennsylvania, and the Rev. Samuel 
Provoost, D. D., of New York, Avere consecrated Bishops in the Chajiel of the 
Archiepiscopal Palace, at Lambeth, England, February 4th, 1787, by John 
]\Ioore, Archbishop of Canterbury, "William Markham, Archbishop of York, 
Charles Moss, Eishop of Bath and Wells, and John Hinchlifie, Bishop of 
Peterborough. The two American Bishops soon returned, reaching the 
United States, April 7th, 1787. 



IN BURLINGTON. 327 

appointed to confer with the Rt. Rev. Bishop White, and ascer- 
tain whether it will be in his power to recommend "a faithful 
-ervant of Jesus Christ," as minister of St. Mary's Church, in 
Burlington ; and also to confer with the vestry of St. Andrew's 
Church, Monnt Holly, with a view to obtaining the services of 
ihe Rev. Mr. Spraggs, until a minister can be procured. 

THE r.EV. MR. wade's OXLY EECOED. 

The only record in the Parish Register of Rev. Mr. Wade, is 
this : " John, born September the 1 Day 1778, son of Abraham 
\^an Sciver and Mary his Wife, and baptized March the 19 
Day 1788, i^er John Wade." 

THE REY. LEVI HEATH, RECTOR. 

The Rev. Mr. Heath, t was settled as minister, April 13th, 
1789, having officiated for some months previous. 

He preached the opening sermon at the Eighth Convention in 
the State of New Jersey, held in Trinity Church, Newark, June 
1st, 1791 ; for which he received a vote of thanks. 

The following exists in the Parish archives, in his own hand : 

"Feb^ 14^^^ 1792. Rec^^ of W" Updike the sum of Three 
pounds paper money in part for the last Years Rent due last 
Easter. 

" Rec'^ by me Levi Heath Rector 

£ S D of St. Mary's Burlington." 

3: 0: Paper. 

JAMES FENIMORE COOPER. 

James Fenimore Cooper, was born in Burlington, Sep. loth, 
1789. His father, William Cooper, had founded the village of 
'Cooperstow^i, New York, in 1785, to which place the son 
was taken when a few months old. The family, originally 

:cLevi Heath was ordained Deacon, in the Cathedral Churcli of Hereford, 
^England, June 29th 1783, bv the Bishoj] of Hereford ; and Priest, bv the same 
I'reiate, Oct. ISth, 1784. 



328 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

Quakers, became Churchmen, soon after their removal to the 
State of New York.f 

AREAXGEMEXTS AXD SUCSCRIPTIOXS FOR THE PROPOSED 

ACADEMY. 

"Agreed, that the Salary of the Prhicipal be One hundred and 
twenty pounds per Annum, till the number of Students and 
Scholars araoimts to Forty five in the whole, and that the 
Trustees be accountable to him until they pay the same. That 
when the number exceeds forty five the Salary shall be One 
hundred and fifty pounds per Annum. The Salary of the Prin- 
cipal, and of the Assistant Teachers shall be paid in four equal 
quarterly payments. That the hours of School shall be from 
the first day of May till the first day of September, from six till 
eight oOlock in the morning, from nine till twelve in the fore- 
noon, and from two till five in the afternoon ; in the other 
months from half an hour after eight till twelve in the forenoon, 
and from two till half past four in the afternoon. That the 
Instructors shall be punctual in their attendance. The Princi- 
pal to attend during the Summer Session, two hours in the morn- 
ing, two hours in the forenoon, viz : from ten till twelve oClock, 
and three hours of the afternoon, during the Winter Session the 
whole time appointed for School liours. The Assistant Teachers 
to attend during the year the whole time appointed for School 
hours. That there shall be a vacation of a week at Easter, of 
ten days beginning with Christmas day and ending on the third 
day of January, and a vacation from the fifteenth of September 
till the first of October both days exclusive. That five Trustees 



f After completing his studies at College, Mr. Cooper entered the Xavy as 
a midshipman, in 1805. In 1810 he married, left the ^avy, and became a 
writer of fiction, rapidly producing " The Spy," " The Pioneers," " The Pilot,"" 
etc., which excited great interest, his works being distinguished by purity and 
brilliancy of an unusual degree. 

Mr. Cooper was baptized on Ash-'Wednesday, 18-')1 ; and confirmed, by his 
brother-in-law, Bishop De Lancey, July 27tli, tlie same year; both in Christ 
Church, Cooperstown. The best biogi-aphical notice of Mr. Cooper is con- 
tained in the address of AVni. Cullen Bryant, at a public meeting in Metropol- 
itan Hall, New York, after Mr. Cooper's death, Feb., 1852. 



IX BURLINGTON. 329 

shall be a Quoriiin to do business. That there shall be a Stated 
Meeting of the Trustees once a month, and occasional Meetings 
when necessary. That they or any of them may attend at the 
Academy to hear the recitations at any time they think proper. 
That they shall at their own cost provide suitable buildings for 
the Academy that they shall direct the order and course of In- 
struction. That they shall make rules for the good order and 
government of the Institution. That the Principal, and under 
him the Assistant Teachers shall attend to the discipline of the 
School. That Corporal punishment shall be inflicted as spar- 
ingly as possible ; tokens of disgrace to be substituted instead 
thereof, that the minds of Oifeuders may be mortified. 

" That Certificates according to merit shall be given to such 
Pupils as pursue and finish with reputation the course of Study 
within the compass of this Institution, signed by the Principal 
and Trustees of the Academy. Other pupils who have gained 
the honors or Premiums of the Institution, and have persevered 
in diligence and good behaviour till they leave it, shall be 
entitled to a Certificate thereof. 

" We the Subscribers in pursuance of the foregoing plan do 
agree to pay into the hands of the Treasurer in one week from 
the Organization of the Institution, the Sums annexed to our 
respective names. Burlington, May 5th 1792. 



Bowes Eeed £ 3 00 

John M. DeNormandie 3 00 

Jno. Lawrence 3 00 

Joshua M. Wallace 3 00 

Joseph Mcllvaine 3 00 

"William Coxe jun 3 00 

Israel Tonkin 3 00 

James Kinsey 3 00 

Fred Kisselm'an 3 00 

Saml Bullus 3 00 

Samuel Treat 3 00 

Joseph Bloomfield , 3 00 

Thos. D. Hewlings 3 00 



Isaac Wetherill £ 3 00 

Samuel How 3 00 

Jacob Myers 3 00 

Esek L. Hartshorne 3 00 

David Greenman, 3 00 

Joseph Grier 3 00 

Daniel Ellis 6 00 

Amos Hutchin 3 00 

Jam's Sterling 3 00 

William JMcIlvaine '. 3 00 

Ellis Wright 3 00 

Wm. Coxe (Sunbury )....- 5 00 

— Parish Archives. 



AGREEMEXT BETWEEN THE RECTOR AND VESTRY. 

" Memorandum of an Agreement made this first day of October 
1792 Between the Reverend Levi Heath on the one part and 
the Church wardens & vestry men of St. Mary's Church in the 
City of Burlington on the other part, Witnesseth, 



330 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

"First. The Revel Mr. Heath engages to give up & resign the 
said Church together with the parsonage house lots & every 
property whatever belonging to the said Church on Easter 
Monday next ensuing the date hereof. 

" Secondly. In consideration of the foregoing agreement the 
said wardens & vestrymen agree to allow the said Revd Mr. 
Heath the sum of Sixty pounds one half payable in three 
months from this date the other half payable on the said Easter 
Monday which is considered by the said Mr. Heath in full of 
every claim on the said Church. 

" Thirdly. It is agreed between the parties, that the average 
of Rents & profits of the Farm at Stony brook belonging to the 
said Church shall be received by the said wardens & vestrymen. 

"Fourthly. It is agreed that the said Mr. Heath shall have 
permission at any time before Easter Monday next to absent 
himself from the service of the said Church for the purpose of 
procuring an establishment in another place. 

" Fifthly. It is agreed that the wardens & vestry men shall 
have libertv at anv time before the said Easter Monday to use 
the said Church for the purpose of hearing any Candidate who 
may offer as Minister of said Church. 

"In AYituess whereof the Parties to this agreement do bind 
themselves respectively in the penal sum of one Jiundred & 
twenty pounds for the faithful performance of the said agreement 
— And liave hereunto set their hands & seals on the day & year 
iirst abovementioned.t 

Thomsox Xeale [l. s.] William Smith [l. s.] 

Daxl Ellis [l. s.] Joseph Scott [l. s.] 

Jxo Laweexce [l. s.] Robeet Lucas [l. s.] 

Jxo Neale [l. s.] William Coxe jun [l. s.] 

Daxiel Haxcock [l. s.] Joshua M. Wallace [l. s.] 

Sealed and delivered in the presence of 

Rachel Bradford John Wallace 



f On the 28tli of May, 1793, the charter of the Chnrch was amended so as 
to contain this provision : " That if at any time nine or more members of the 
said vestiy shall agree so to do, they may discharge said minister, giving 
him six months notice of their intention, after wliicn time liis sahiry shall 
cease, and the said minister shall peaceably leave the church." 



IX BURLINGTON. 331 

THE EEV. HENRY VANDYKE, RECTOR. 

The Rev. ]\Ir. Vandyke f was elected Rector of St. Mary's 
Church, Burlington, July 1st, 1793. He had charge also of 
Moorestown, and partially, of St. Andrew's, Mount Holly. His 
grand daughter — Mrs. Cornelia Vandyke Clark, still (1876) 
residing at Mount Holly, and from whom we have gathered 
nearly all the particulars concerning him which follow — writes, 
"' Mr. Vandyke was a man of deeds rather than words, quiet and 
reserved, almost to austerity in his deportment, and a close 
student. He possessed the power of inspiring the fullest con- 
iidence, even in the humblest of his flock — and intercourse 
always ripened into attachment. He was slightly above the 
medium height, dark complexion, with a deep-set, calm, pene- 
trating black eye. He was a sound, staunch Churchman, ' High 
Church ' in his views." 

8UBSCRTPTI0XS TO BUILD THE BURLIXGTOX ACADEMY. 

"In Republics by the very principles of which merit talents 
and information are qualifications sufficient to entitle their pos- 



T Henry Vandyke, the only son of Rhodolphus Vandyke and Elizabetli 
(^ ludanardej Vandyke, was a descendant of Henricus Vandyke, Attoiniey 
(reneral for the Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam, who came to this coun- 
try about 1640, and whose name appears on the Public Records as early as 
1600. Henry Vandyke was born in Nassau street, New York, in 1740. The 
bricks, and other material, for the house in which he was born, had been im- 
ported, by his father, from Holland, and in 1839 the walls were still standing-. 
He was a graduate of Columbia College. About that time his father retired 
from business, and removed from New York to Old Mills, now Bridgeport, 
Connecticut. In obedience to his father's M-ish he studied Law. He settled 
in Stratford, and tliere married Miss Huldah Lewis, a young lady of culture 
and high respectability. The names of himself and wife appear on the Church 
list of communicants as early as 1767. His profession was always distasteful 
to him, and, later in life, he resolved to relinquish it, and devote himself to 
the ^lintstry. Pie pursued his course of Theology under the instruction of 
jld Dr. Samuel .Johnson. 

Himself and two others (losing all hope of obtaining ordination at home) 
had taken their passages for England, when Bishop Seabury's unexpected re- 
lurn changed their purpose and he made one of the four first ordained clergy- 
men of our .\merican Church, Aug. 3d, 17S5. He was advanced to the Priest- 
liood by the same Prelate in New Haven, Ct., Sep. 16th, 1785. During the 
nrst years of his ministry he had charge of the Church at Peekskill, New 
York. He established several stations through the country around, where he 
v.'as in the habit of reading the service and preaching in Dutch to his congre- 
gations. "While rector of St. Peter's, Perth Amboy, and Christ Church, New 
Brunswick, he was chosen President of the 9lh Convention of the Church in 
New Jersey, held in Clu-ist CJiurch, New Brunswick, June 6th, 1792. 



332 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

sessor to the most important offices of the State, Seminaries of 
sound and useful learning ought to be promoted. Sensible of 
this a number of persons established an institution under the 
title of the Burlington Academy, with design to lay the founda- 
tion of a liberal education. In the present circumstances of the 
Institution the house for accommodating the Pupils is too small 
and inconvenient and as there is the prospect of an increase in 
the number of Students, the Trustees wish to be enabled to erect 
a building convenient for a schoolhouse. They have engaged 
for this purpose a lot in an agreeable and healthful situation, 
and they intend to build as soon as it is in their power. 

" The subscriptions of those who may be pleased to further this 
design will be thankfully received and faithfully applied to the 
abovementioned intention, by Joshua M. AVallace, John Law- 
rence, Bowes Reed, Joseph Bloomfield, Frederick Ivisselman, 
William Coxe, jun., and David Greenman, the present Trustees, 
and any person subscribing five pounds or more shall be entitled 
to one vote at the general meetings of the Subscribers for every 
five pounds subscribed, but no person shall in any case be enti- 
tled to more than five votes. 

" We the subscribers do agree to pay to the order of the Trus- 
tees of the Burlington Academy the sums annexed to our respec- 
tive names on or before the first day of October 1793, to be 
applied to the purpose abovementioned. 

Elislia Lawrence £-5 00 



Joseph Bloomfield, five 

shares £25 00 

William Coxe, jun., five 

shares 25 00 

AVilliam Coxe, (of Bucks 



Frederick Frelinghuvsen 1 00 

Joseph Ellis ". 2 00 

Richard Howell 5 00 

Jno. Lawrence 5 00 



County,) "{r> order, one Joseph Mcllvaine o 00 



share 5 00 

Bowes Eeed 10 00 

Jam. Sterling 15 00 

Joshua M. Wallace 10 00 

Daniel Ellis 7 10 



George Painter 5 00 

Micajah Ellis 5 00 H 

Peter Hodgkinson 5 00 

Esek L. Hartshorne 5 00 

Fred. Kisselman.. ,. 5 00 



William Smith 7 10 | James Kinsey 5 00 

Wm. Grifiith 5 00 i Ellis Wright 3 00 

LEASE FOR BUILDING AN ACADEMY IN BURLIXGTOX. 

" This Indenture made this Tenth day of March in the 
Year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred & ninety four, 
Between the Minister, Church Wardens & Vestry of St. Mary's 
Church, in the City of Burlington of the one Part and Joshua 



IX BURLIXGTOX. 333 

M. "Wallace, Frederic Kissleman, William Coxe, Bowes Reed, 
Joseph Bloomfield, John Lawrence, c^' William Mcllvaiiie, all 
of the said City of Burlington, and associated together by the 
X\ame of the President & Trustees of the Burlington x\.cademy, 
of the other Part. Witxesseth, that the said Minister, Church 
Wardens & A'estry, for and in Consideration of the Rents, 
Covenants & Agreements hereinafter mentioned & reserved on 
the Part & behalf of the said Joshua M. Wallace, Frederic 
Kissleman, William Coxe, Bowes Reed, Joseph Bloomfield, 
John Lawrence & William Mcllvaine, to be paid, done & per- 
formed, have granted, demised, set & to farm letten, & by these 
Presents do grant, demise, set & to farm let unto the said 
Joshua M. Wallace, Frederic Kissleman, William Coxe, Bowes 
Reed, Joseph Bloomfield, John Lawrence & William Mcllvaine, 
their Executors, Administrators & Assigns, All that Peice or 
Parcel of Land Situate in the City of Burlington afores'd, 
Beginning on Broad Street at the Corner of the Lot devised for 
the L^se of Saint Mary's Church aforesaid by Paul Watkins & 
Corner also of the Lot, commonly called Parson Talbot's Lott, 
now the Property of the Church & running /ir.s^ Eastward, sixty 
feet, on the X'orth Side of said Broad Street, thence second 
Xortherly, one hundred feet, thence third Westerly, sixty feet^ 
parallel to Broad Street, untill it shall intersect the division 
Line between Parson Talbot's Lott iSc Watkin's Lott, as afore- 
said, thence fourth by the fence on said Division Line, Southerly 
one hundred feet, to the Place of beginning, To have & to 
HOLD the said Peice & Parcel of ground, unto the said Joshua 
M. Wallace, Frederic Kissleman, William Coxe, Bowes Reed, 
Joseph Bloomfield, John Lawrence & AVilliam Mcllvaine, their 
Executors, Administrators & Assigns, for & during the full End 
<Sz Term of five hundred Years, from thence next ensuing & fully 
to be compleat & ended, yeilding c\L' paying therefor yearly & 
every year, unto the said Minister, Church Wardens & Vestry, 
their Successors or Assigns the yearly Rent or Sum of twenty 
shillings, lawful Money of Xew Jersey, on the twenty-fifth day 
of March in each Year, the first Payment to be made on the 
twentv fifth dav of March, in the Year of our Lord one thou- 
sand seven hundred cV: ninety five, (and it is hereby declared 
and understood between the Parties to these Presents — and so 
it is to be taken and construed — that the said granted and 
demised Premises and every Part and Parcel thereof, are granted 
and demised to the said Joshua M. AVallace, Frederic Kissle- 
man, William Coxe, Bowes Reed, Joseph Bloomfield, John 
Lawrence and William Mcllvaine, their Executors, Adminis- 
trators and Assigns in Trust, and to and for the Use and pur- 



'^34 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 



•_> 



pose of building thereon, an Academy or Honse for the Accom- 
dation of Learning, in the City of Burlington.) And the said 
Joshua M. Wallace, Frederic Ivissleman, William Coxe, Bowes 
Reed, Joseph Bloomfield, John Lawrence and AVilliam Mcll- 
vaine, for themselves, their Heirs^ Executors, and Administra- 
tors do covenant and agree to and with the said Minister, Churcli 
AVardens and Yestry that they Avill well and truly pay to the 
said Minister, Church Wardens and Yestry, their Successors or 
Assigns, the aforesaid yearly Rent of twenty shillings in such 
manner as is before appointed for the Payment thereof, accord- 
ing to the true Intent and Meaning of these Presents. And the 
said Minister, Church Wardens & Yestry, for themselves, their 
Successors and Assigns do covenant and agree to and with the 
said Joshua M. Wallace and the other Persons before mentioned 
as associated together by the ]Sanie of the President and Trustees, 
of the Burlington Academy, their Executors, Administrators 
and Assigns, that the said Minister, Church Wardens and 
Yestry, their Successors or Assigns, upon the Request of the 
said President and Trustees, or so many of them as according to 
the Rules of their Association may form a sufficient Number for 
that purpose shall and will at any time within the term of five 
hundred Years as aforesaid, make and execute to the said Presi- 
dent and Trustees — either in their common associated Capacity 
and those who may succeed them, in that Capacity — or in a cor- 
porate Capacity in case a Charter shall be granted to them or 
others by the Name and Stile as aforesaid, a good & sufficient 
Deed or Assignment in fee simple for the before demised 
Premises, subject to the Payment of a Rent charge of twenty 
shillings for ever to the s'd Minister, Church Wardens and 
Yestry, their Successors or Assigns, with clause of distress, &c., 
as is usual in such cases, & in case of such Conveyance, deliver 
up the present Deed of Lease for Cancellation. 

In Testimony whereof the parties to these presents have 
Interchangeably set their Seals the dtiy and year first above 
written. 

Sealed and delivered \^ Joshua M. Wallace, [l. s.] 

in presence of j Henry Yandyke, [l. s.] 

Will. Bard, Rector of St. 3Iary\s CJih 

Dan'l Ellis, jun, d- President of the Corporation, 

Wm. Coxe, jun., [l. s.] 

Bowes Reed, [l. s.] 

Joseph Bloomfield, [l. s.] 
Jno. Lawrence, [l. s.] 

William McIlyaine, [l. s.] 
Fred. Kissleman. [l. s,] 



IX BURLINGTON. 335 

THE STONY BROOK FARif SOLD. 

Articles of Agreement were made, on the 26th of March, 
1794, between Daniel Hancock, George Hancock and Joshua M. 
"Wallace, a committee of the vestry of St. Mary's Church, and 
William Updike, of the county of Somerset, whereby they sold 
to him, "that Plantation of 206 acres called the Rockv Hill, or 
Stony Brook farm," for " 800 pounds Gold & Silver money." 

This farm rented, from 1790 to 1793, for £30, a year. 

The legal paper for this agreement, was signed and sealed by 
the parties above named, in the presence of Daniel Ellis. 

THE CORPORATE NAME OF THE ACADEMY. 

"Whereas the persons associating for the promotion of Learn- 
ing in the Burlington Academy have this day according to an 
Act of the Legislature entitled ' An Act to incorporate Societies- 
for the promotion of learning,' elected and chosen us the sub- 
scribers the first seven Trustees for the said Association, under 
the said Act of the Legislature. 

"Now we DO CERTIFY TO ALL AFEOM IT MAY CONCERN, 

that we dotake upon ourselves the name of ' The President 
AND Trustees of the Burlington Academy ' as, and for 
our corporate name. 

"In TESTi:\roNY whereof we have hereunto subscribed our 
hands and affixed our Seals this ninth day of May in the year of our 
Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety five. 
Joshua M. Wallace, [l. s.] AVm. Coxe, jun., [l. s.] 

Jno. Law^rence, [l, s.] William McIlyaine, [l. s.] 

Joseph Bloomfield, [l. s.] Wm. Griffith, [l. s.] 

Joseph McIlyaine." [l. s.] 

A donation from WILLIAM COXE. 

In the account book of that date is the following : " 1795,, 
May 23'' The fund of one hundred and fifty pounds, being a 
donation from William Coxe, the elder, to the Minister of St. 
Mary's Church, for preaching annually, when there is no Ee- 
siding minister at Bristol, in a [ c with the Treasurer of St, 
Mary's Church." 



336 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

DEATH OF THE HON. WIELIAM IJRADFOED. 

The following inscription, upon a large altar-tomb, in St. 
Mary's Church yard, tells its own story : 

Here lie the remains 

of 

WILLIAM BRADFORD, 

Attorney General of the United States 
under the Presidency of 

WASHINGTON; 

and previously, 

Attorney General of Pennsylvania, and a Judge 

of tlie Supreme Court of that State. 



In private life 

he had acquired the esteem of all his fellow citizens : 

In professional attainments, 

he was learned as a lawyer and elofpient as an advocate : 

In the execution of his public offices, 

he was vigilant, dignified and impartial. 

Yet, 

in the bloom of life ; 

in the maturity of every faculty 

that could invigorate or embellish the human mind : 

in the prosecution of the most important services 

that a citizen could render to his country ; 

in the perfect enjoyment of the highest honours 

that })ublick confidence could bestow upon an individual 

Blessed 

in all the pleasures which a virtuous reflection 

could furnish from the past, 

and animated 

by all the incitements which an honourable aml)ilion 

could depict in the future, 

Pie ceased to be mortal. 

A fever produced by a f\ital assiduity 

in performing his official trust 
at a crisis interesting to the nation, 
suddenly terminated his publick career, 
extinguished the splendour of his private pros])et'ts, 

and 

on the 28rd day of August 1 795, 

in the 40th year of his age, 

consigned him to the grave, 

Lamented, Honoured, & Beloved. 

His widow erected this monument to his memorv. 



IN BUELINGTON. 337 

Mr. Bradford t — a native of Philadelphia— married the 
daughter of Elias Boudinot, LL.D., of New Jersey, in 1784. 

His death occurred in Philadelphia,— and his funeral, and 
interment, took place in that city. 

Some years afterwards — his widow coming to reside with her 
father, in Burlington — his remains were removed, at her desire 
and re-interred, in the Churchyard of St. Mary's. 

THE HEAVY AFFLICTIONS OF MR. VANDYKE. 

" The father of Mr. Vandyke died in 1764, after which time 
his mother (a highly educated and most devoted Church woman) 
lived with him, and was his counsellor and strong coadjutor in 
every parish work. Two years after his residence in Burlington 
the strong and tender ties, that bound them to each other, were 
severed by death. This bereavement was soon fijllowed by 
others more distressing. God had bestowed on him four child- 
ren, a son and three daughters. The eldest was a tall, frail girl 
of sixteen summers. The youngest a bright ' wee one,' who 
with a party of like friends (assembled at the Parsonage to cel- 
ebrate her eighth birthday) had wandered to the woods near by, in 
charge of a very promising young man from Jamaica, studying 
for the ministry with Mr. Vandyke. Just as the little ones 
were crossing a bridge | at the woods' edge, they became alarmed 
at the rapid approach of a flirmer's team, and ran wildly in every 
direction, and the Svee one' was precipitated through a broken 
plank into the stream. The young student plunging in to save 
the child, was instantly killed. His body was found with his 
head wedged underneath the heavy plank, almost in the very 
spot where he had leaped into the water. 

teamed for his great grand father, the printer; who, as his headstone in- 
forms us, "came over to America in 1682, before the city of Philadelphia was 
laid out." His first publication was an almanac, in 1687. In 1692, he was 
tried for having printed the writings of George Keith ; but acquitted. The 
year following, he removed to New York ; and printed the laws of that colonv. 
In 1704, the Wardens of Trinity Church lent him "<£ 30 or £ 40 for six months, 
on security, without interest, for purchaseing paper to print Comon Praver 
Books. ' The Rev. John Sharp, Chaplain of the Queen's Forces, became his 
security; and, after a long time, there appeared a small quarto, (a copy of 
which may be seen in the Library of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania,) 
'Printed and sold by William Bradford, in New York, in 1710"— it being 
the first edition of the Book of Common Prayer printed on this Continent. 

X East of Tatham street. 

Y 



338 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

"The shock was too severe for the feeble frame of the elder 
sister. Six weeks after she too was taken from her earthly home 
to the abodes of bliss in Paradise. Through an inscrutable Prov- 
idence, on the day of her death, the body of the drowned child 
(which had hitherto escaped all search) suddenly came to the 
surface, and was rescued in a state of perfect preservation. Both 
children were interred in the same grave, beside their grand- 
parent, in her family burial place, in the church yard of Perth 
Amboy."— Jm of 3Irs. C. V. Clark. 

THE KEV MR. VANDYKE 1IES1GN8 THE RECTORSHIP. 

"On tlie 10th of August, 1796, the Rev. Mr. Vandyke re- 
signed the rectorship of St. Mary's, Burlington, having accepted 
a call to St. James', Newtown, Long Island, where he remained 
until his death, which occurred in 1811. He was buried in the 
family vault in Trinity churchyard. New York. Some years 
since a fine j)ortrait of him hung in the library of the old Liv- 
ingston mansion. New York. 

" He was a warm friend and supporter of Bishop Hobart, dur- 
ing the time of the controversy between him and Cave Jones. 
The Bishoj) ever reverted to his memory with the liveliest ex- 
pressions of esteem and love; of his purity of character, and 
untiring devotion to his Master's work ; of the many happy and 
beneficial hours he had spent with him in his study; and partic- 
ularly of the quiet unselfish devotion of himself and family to the 
relief of the sick and dying through that fearful scourge of 
yellow fever in New York ; how himself and son, guided by 
the great and good old Dr. Kearney Rodgers, used, day and 
night, to thread their M'ay through pestilential streets, carrying 
Heavenly and temporal relief to the sick and dying ; never 
flincjhing from their work, carrying words of cheer and sym- 
pathy even into the most loathsome localities. 

" His wife survived him but two years. It had been her habit 
for many years to rise at four o'clock, and devote the early hours 
to sacred reading and devotion. It was at this early hour, still 
kneeling with her head resting on the open Bible, with the 
sweet impress of the soul's joy still illumining her countenance, 



IX BURLIXGTOX. 339 

that her faithful daughter found her— "asleep in Jesus." She 
was buried beside her husband in Trinity Church yard, Xew 
York. Of the surviving son and daughter — Richard Vandvke, 
married, had a large family, and lived to good old aoe. He 
died in 1856. Three children survive him, two sons and a 
daughter. Abby Vandyke never married— but with holy filial 
aftection consecrated her life to her parents. She died in 1826, 

and was buried in St. John's burial ground, Xew York." il/.S 

of Mrs. a V. Clark. 

THE PARISH MAKE PROPOSALS TO THE REV. CHARLES IL 
WHARTOX, D. D., OF DELAWARE. 

The Vestry to the Rev. Dr. Wharton. 

"Burlington August 20, 179G. 
" Rev'd Sir 

" The Rev'd Mr. A'andyke having within a few days com- 
municated to the Vestry of St. Mary's Church his determination 
of immediately accepting a call from Newton on Long Island, 
and having in consequence resigned the office of Rector, it has 
become necessary on the part of the Vestry to apply to a Gen- 
tleman of respectable character and talents to supply his place. 
From the recommendation of several of your reverend Brethren 
in Philadelphia, and the opinion expressed by you during vonr 
visit to our Academy last Spring of the probability of your ac- 
ceptance of a call from this Parish should the Reverend Mr. 
A^andyke continue in his resolution of leaving Burlington, the 
Vestry have authorized us to request the pleasure of a visit from 
you in the hope that a farther acquaintance will lead to a con- 
nection mutually agreeable. 

" The Vestry consider it as the part of Candor to inform you of 
the state of their funds in order that you may be enabled to de- 
cide how far their offer may be an object of your attention in a 
pecuniary point of view. The Church is possessed of a clear 
Income from Rents and Interest Money of something more than 
one hundred Pounds ^ annum. The Pew Rents may be esti- 
mated at fifty or sixty pounds ^ annum — they have a parson- 
age house which rents at present for £26 ^ annum and a farther 



340 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

annuity of £10 : 10 arising from a donation of a Member of the 
Cliurch in consideration of four Sermons to be preached by the 
Rector of St. Mary's at Bristol during the Summer months. As 
the Vestry had made engagements with the Revd Mr. Vandyke 
really beyond the means in their power and have some other 
encumbrances to clear off — they do not conceive they could oifer 
more to a Clergyman at present than a Salary of four hundred 
Dollars ^ annum clear of any deduction, the parsonage house 
and the farther Sum of £10 : 10 '^ annum above mentioned. 

"Under these circumstances should your determination be 
favorable to a visit to Burlington, we beg leave to suggest the 
idea of fixing the time at as early a period as possible and of 
arranging your visit so as to comprehend two Sundays. Our 
Congregation we are happy to say is blessed with harmony and 
Union and an opportunity of consulting the sentiments of those 
more distant members in the choice of a Clergyman may operate 
to preserve us in a situation so necessary to the prosperity and 
respectability of a religious Society. We will therefore thank 
you for an answer as early as possible and should you be dis- 
posed to pay us a visit you will be pleased to mention the time 
we may expect you that information may be given to our 
Country Members. 

" We are very respectfully 

" & sincerely Rev'^ Sir 

" Your friends & ob Servs " 

" The Rev° Doctor Wiiaetox. 

THE widow of a FORMER RECTOR ASKS FOR THE BALANCE 
DUE HER LATE HUSBAXD. 

Mrs. Colin Campbell to Mr. Thomson Neale. 

"Trenton, 30"^ August, 1796. 
" :\1R Thomsox Neale : 

" Sir, — You can be no stranger I immagine to an Account I 
sent to Your Vestry and Church Wardens of Money Due the 
Estate of my Dear Deceased Husband, the Sum was between 
£30 and 40 pound — the first I rendered in, was by the Hands 
of the Late M"" Aron Schuyler, Sen a twelve month before. 



IN BURLINGTON. 341 

he Dyed — he told me, he had laid it before the Ycstiy, that 
they had no Objection to the Account, and would pay me, but at 
that time their Church was poor, but that they would certainly at- 
tend to it, in future. The Account could not be found among M"" 
A. Schuyler's Papers, therefore I drew up another of the same, 
and gave it to M'' Abraham Heuling, Sen'' and 2 or 3 years 
after M"" John Lawrence brought me £15 ; for which I gave 
him my receipt, that sum was paid him after Easter, in the year 
1791, at which time he said, the next Easter they would En- 
deavor to pay me the whole, which they have hitherto neglected. 
T applyed to M"" Vandyke to speak to the Gentlemen of the 
Vestry and Church Wardens : he told me he had, and that the 
last time they met, they promised that in a ISIonth after they 
would pay me, and also consider'd the long delay call'd for some 
'Compensation. M"" Vandyke has removed. I, therefore. Now 
Apply to you, as an old friend and acquaintance, that you will 
please to exert yourself in my behalf. For I never stood in 
greater need, than at present.f I received a Letter from M' 
Odell, y'^ 26 ins' giveing me the Melancholy Account of the 
Death of my Dear Son Colin, which Event happen'd the 10"' 
Day of July last, he had been 111 for three months, with an 
iliectic Complaint. He was far from well, last Summer when he 
Visited us — by the advice of his Physicians, he was prevailed 
■on to try the Change of Air up the River S' John, at a place 
•called Maugerville, about ten mile from Frederickton, his Wife 
and Oldest Daughter were with him. M"" and M" Odell went 
'twice to see him, During his Illness, and Also attended his 
remains to the Grave. Among the many hard dispensations, 
which it has pleased providence to lay upon me, this last stroke, 
I find requires all my fortitude — my Heart feels most sensibly 
;for his Dear Widow, who is a very Amiable worthy woman, 
;they have had three Daughters and one Son, and only the two 
Oldest Girls are liveing. 

t " 1796, Sep. 8th. To cash paid Mary Cambell as pr Eeceipt sent by tlie 
Hands of Tomson Neal being the ballence of tlie Reverend Collin Cambell 
account from the Church £18.15.0." — Treasurer's Account Book. 



342 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

" My Love to ^NP^ Xeale, your Daughters, and your Sisters 
Lindsey and M™ Hulme, I am S"" 

" You sincere Friend, 

"Maey Campbell." 

the rev. charles h. wharton, d. d., rector. 

The Rev. Charles Henry Wharton, t C D., was unanimously 
elected to the Rectorship of St. Mary's Church, Burlington, 
Sept. 5th, 1796. 

f Charles Henry "Wharton was born in St. Mary's County, in ^Maryland, on 
the 25th of May, O. S., 1748. His ancestors were Roman Catholics; and the 
family plantation called Notley Hall, from a Governor of that name, was pre- 
sented to his grandfather by Lord Baltimore. From him it descended to the 
lather, Jesse Wharton ; and at his death, in 1754, became the property of 
Charles Henry, his elder son. When not quite seven years old he was at- 
tacked by a furious dog, which had already torn off part of his scalp, when his 
father, with signal presence of mind and promptitude of action, seizing a 
loaded gun from behind the door, shot the dog, while the child's head was still 
in his jaws. In 1760, lie was sent to the English Jesuits' College at St. Omer's ; 
at the close of two years, the College was broken up by the expulsion of the 
Jesuits from France. The teachers and scholars retired to Bruges in Flanders. 
"'Sequestered from all society" lie writes, "beyond the walls of the College, 
and of course a total stranger to everything inconsistent with the strictest dis- 
cipline, in acquiring classical attainments, and those habits of devotion which 
were deemed essential to a Roman Catholic youth, I applied myself very dili- 
gently to my studies, and 'became i)rominent among my associates in a very 
accurate knowledge of the Latin language, which became nearly as familiar as 
English ; as we were obliged to converse in it during our ordinary relaxations 
from our studies." His Letters of Orders bear date in 1772 ; having been 
admitted in June of that year to the Oixler of Deacons, and in September ta 
that of Priests, in the Roman Catholic Church. At the end of the War of the 
American Revolution, he was residing in Worcester, England, as Chaplain to 
the Roman Catholics of that city, dee[)ly interested on the side of his country 
and anxious to return. He erni^loyed lii^pen at this time in a poetical epistle 
to General Washington, with a sketch of his life, which was published in 
p]ngland for the benefit of the American prisoners there. His mind was at 
this period much agitated on the subject of his religious creed. He returned 
to this country in 1783, in the tirst vessel, which sailed after the Peace. In 
May, 1784, he visited Philadelphia for the purpose of publishing his celebrated 
Letter to the Roman Catholics of the city of Worcester. "This production," 
says Bishop White, "was perused by me with great pleasure in manuscript, 
and the subject of it caused much conversation during his stay in our city. 
The result was my entire conviction that the soundness of his arguments for 
the change of his religious profession was fully equalled by the sincerity and 
disinterestedness which accompanied the transaction." On the death of his 
father, he was the legitimate heir to the paternal estate. Upon taking Orders, 
he immediately conveyed it to his brother. After the controversy had taken 
jilace with Archbishop Carroll, occasioned by the Letter to the Roman Catho- 
lics of the city of Worcester, it appeared that the conveyance was not complete. 
A meeting took place in the most amicable manner, the paper was executed, 
and an estate of great value,— the whole patrimony of the conveyor, — given, 
tlie second time, to a younger brotlier. 



IX BURLINGTON. 343 

DK. AVHARTON BRINGS HIS FAMILY TO BURLINGTON. 

In the Parish Register, in the handwriting of Dr. Wharton, 
is the following :— " 1798, March 15th. Dr. Charles H. AVhar- 
t«ni arrived at Bnrlington with his family, having been regularly 
elected to the Rectorship of St. Mary's Church, in this City, in 
consequence of his acceding to an unanimous anil unsolicited 
call from the Vestry of said Church, communicated to him a 
few months before." 

GIFT TO THE BURLINGTON ACADEMY. 

" William Coxe Spior Esquire having generously presented 
the Academy with the sum of Fifty Pounds in order that the 
Interest of the same might be applied towards the salary of the 
Instructor of the English Language, writing and Arithmetic, 
Messrs. Bloomfield Wm. Mclllvaine and Wallace reported that 
they had loaned the same to the Corporation of the City of Bur- 
lington agreeably to a Bond from the said Corporation dated 
March 6th 1798 which they presented to the Treasurer of the 
Academy in the presence of the Board. 

" Resolved that Messrs. Wallace and Griffith be a Committee 
to wait on Mr. Coxe to thank him for this Donation and to 
assure him that it shall be applied according to his Intention. 

"March 17th 1798. 

" Extract from the minutes. 

" Wm, Coxe jun"" Secretary." 

For the first year after his return to America, Mr. Wharton resided at the 
paternal mansion ; on leaving which, in July, 1784, the principal residents of 
the vicinage presented him, unasked and unsolicited, with a most honourable 
testimonial of his worth as a gentleman, a scholar, a Christian, and a Chris- 
tian Minister. It is a document of singular excellence in sentiment, spirit, and 
expression ; and does high honour to them who freely gave, as well as to him 
who worthily received it. ■ a ■ ^ 

"While Eector of Immanuel Church, Newcastle, Del., he was an intluentiai 
member of the General Convention, held in Pliiladelphia, in ll^b.—Sprague s 

Annah. . << i 

On the 28th of Sept., in that vear, he was on the committee to prepare and 
report a draft of an Ecclesiastical Constitution for the Prot. Epis. Churchy in 
the United States." On the 5th of October he was on the committee to 
prepare a Form of Praver and Thanksgiving for the Fourth of J»l.v ;'_' and, 
also, on the committee " to publish the Book of Common Prayer with the 
alterations, in order to render the Liturgy consistent with the American Kev- 
olution and the Constitutions of the respective States."— Jowrna/s of General 
Convention for 1785. 



,• Vestrymen. 



344 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

ADDITIONAL GROUJS'D FOR THE ACADEMY. 

"At a Meeting of the Minister Church "Wardens & Vestry of 
St. Mary's Church on Monday 9th April 1798, in the forenoon 
of s'd Day at the Church, Present. 

Rev'd Dr. Wharton, Rector. 

Messrs. Thomson Neale \ Wardens 

Joshua M. Wallace j 

"Messrs. John Neale 

Daniel Hancock 
AMlliam Coxejun' 
ISIicajah Ellis 
John Larzalere 
Robert Lucas 
George Painter 
John Tonkin 

" The Committee appointed to agree with the Trustees of the 
Burlington Academy for additional Ground reported that they 
had offered to let to the Trustees forty two feet in front in Addi- 
tion to the Sixty feet formerly let to them, and extending one 
hundred feet back from the most Northwardly Part of the Acad- 
emy, making about one hundred & fifty seven feet from the 
front for Six pounds ^ year, or the Same front & as far back 
as Paul Watkin's Lot extends for Seven Pounds ten Shillings 
^ year, but had not yet received an Answer from the Trustees. 

" Extract for the Trustees of the Burlino-ton Academy. 

"Joshua M. Wallace 

" Sec'y pro Tempore.'' 

AFFECTING RECORDS. 
In the handwriting of Dr. Wharton, in the Parish Register, 
are the following affecting entries : — 

" 1798, June 2d. Mary C. Wharton, the most beloved Wife 
of Dr. W., died at Philadelphia. 

"June 3d. She %vas buried near the S. W. corner of St. 
Peter's burial ground in said City. 

" June 25th. Buried my poor negro Man, Frederick, drowned 
the day before in Delaware." 



I 



IN BURLINGTON. 845 

An Elegy to the Memory of 3Irs. Mary Wharton, vho died at Philadelphia, 
on the second day of June, 1798; 

BY HER HrSBAND. 

"O mihi tuin quam molliter ossa quiescant, 
Si iiostros olim tua fistula dicat amores." Virgil. 

Sing onr past loves, when I am gone, she said ; 
Thy tender strains shall cheer luy clay-cold bed. 

c. n. w. 
I 
Dull roll the lionrs, and heavy hangs the day, 

Oppress'd with wo my broken spirit lies, 
Since my poor heart, to wretchedness a prey, 
Heav'd its last sigh o'er Mary's closing eyes. 

II 

Stretch'd on the rack of thought, my tortured mind 

Recalls eacli image of the doleful scene ; 
Nor in the range of nature can it find 

One transient ray that borders on serene. 

Ill 

Creation's glories, once my keenest joys. 

On contemplation's eye unseemly pall, 
Ev'n friendship's balm my loathing bosom cloys, 

For she is gone who once gave zest to all. 

IV 

Flow on, ye tears; pour forth, my wo-\vorn breast, 

O'er the cold clay your unavailing grief; 
For nought but sorrow now can yield me rest. 

In nought but tears my heart can find relief. 

V 

O ye, who fann'd by Hymen's choicest gales 
Once floated gaily down the stream of life. 

While love's soft breath fill'd all your flowing sails, 
And all was harmony, unmix'd with strife : 

YI 

Say, from your arms did e'er tlie envious blast 
Dash some fond hope beneath a ruthless sea. 

Or on rude rocks some darling object cast ? 
Then, " if ye lost an angel, pity me." 

VII 

For she, alas I was all to me, and more 

Than bright-ey'd fancy's fairest visions show 

Of female worth, when she surveys the store. 
And culls eacli antidote to human wo. 

YIII 

Soft was her heart, and gentle was her mind, 

They taught each wisli at virtue's voice to move. 

While bounteous heav'n had in her soul combin'd 
With duty friendship, and with friendship Jove. 



346 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

IX 

Thoughtless of self alone, her gen'rous breast 
On social duties dwelt with fond delight ; 

Eacli gnawing care found tiiere a place of rest, 
Sooth'd by her voice, or melted at her sight. 

X 

O lovely Mary ! dearer far to me 

Than India's wealth, or pleasure's brightest charms, 
What can, alas ! supply the loss of thee, 

For ever, ever absent from my arms ? 

XI 

How in this world, to me a desert grown 

Without my heart's best portion can I dwell ? 

For me forlorn, forsaken, and alone. 

O toll full soon the last sad solemn knell. 

XII 

Farewell, bless'd spirit ; and if aught below 
Can still to thee a sense of pain impart, 

() witness not my agonising avo. 

View not the gloom that broods upon my heart. 

XIII 

Thus to the winds I breath'd my sad complaint,. 
Along great Delaware's majestic shore, 

'Midst bitter sighs, impatient of restraint, 

And rising sorrows .still demanding more: 

XIV 

When on my clouded soul a sudden blaze 
Shed its mild radiance of etherial light, 

vSuch as a pitying angel oft conveys 

To chase the shades of intellectual night : 

XV 

Cease, faithful mourner, cease thy doleful strain ; 

A small still voice or said, or seem'd to say ; 
Dar'st thou the all-wise Disposer to arraign ? 

Or with rash grief control his sov' reign sway? 

XVI 

Know, then,("enough on earth for thee to know,") 
Thy Mary lives ; escaped from human sight. 

She soars triumphant over pain and w"o, 

And calmly waits thee in the realms of light. 

XVII 

Each murmur now simk gently to repose, 
Eeluctant nature felt the sweet control. 

What erst was hope, to bright conviction rose, 

.\.nd faith's whole radiance burst upon my soul. 



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848 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

ELECTIOX OF A BISHOP FOR NEW JERSEY. 

"An adjourned Convention " of the Church in the State of 
jS^ew Jersey, was held at New Brunswick, August 15"' and 
16"' 1798, — "for the express purpose of deliberating on the 
expediency of electing a Bishop" — the Rev. Henry Waddell, 
"President (in rotation)." The other clergy present, were 
the Rev"^^ Uzal Ogden, John Croes, Andrew Fowler, Menzies 
Rayner, Walter C. Gardiner and John Wade ; and lay dep- 
uties from twenty two congregations. The Rev. M"" Croes, 
and Col. Ogden — appointed to receive and count the ballots — 
reported, " That for the election of a Bishop, the votes of 
the Convention were as follows : Clergy — for the Rev. Uzal 
Ogden, unanimously. Laity — for the Rev. Uzal Ogden, 17 
"Congregations — for the Rev. Henry Waddell, 3 Congregations 
— for the Rev. John Croes, 1 Congregation. — (The Rev. Messrs. 
Ogden and Waddell did not vote.)" The testimonials of the 
Bishop-elect were presented to the General Convention, Avhich 
•sat in Philadelphia, June 14"* 1799; and after postponement 
till the 18"^, were met with the following : 

" Whereas doubts have arisen in the minds of some mem- 
'bers of the Convention, whether all the Priests who voted in 
•the election of the Rev. Uzal Ogden, D. D., to the office of a 
Bishop, in the State of New Jersey, were so qualified as to con- 
stitute them a majority of the resident and officiating Priests in 
the said State, according to the meaning of the Canon in this 
•case made and provided : And whereas in a matter of so great 
importance to the interests of Religion, and the honor of our 
<Church, it is not only necessary, that they who concur in recom- 
mending to an office so very sacred, should have a firm convic- 
•tion of the fitness of the person they recommend, but that they 
should also be perfectly satisfied with respect to the regularity 
of every step which had been taken in the business, 

"Resolved, therefore, That in the opinion of the House of Dep- 
uties all proceedings respecting the Consecration of the Rev. Uzal 
Ogden, D. D., ought to be suspended until a future Convention in 
the State of New-Jersey shall declare their sense of the subject." 

At a special Convention in New Jersey, "convened" Oct. 16"' 
1 799, "for the express purpose of re-considering and declaring their 
sense of the regularity of the election of the Rev. Uzal Ogden, 
D. D., to the Episcopal office," "after full and free discussion," 



IN BURLINGTOX. 349- 

three resolutions were adopted declaring the election " regular 
in every respect." Among those who voted "Nay," on each one 
of these resolutions, we find among the laity, "St. Mary's Bur- 
lington." An "Address" was then signed, recapitulating the 
matter, to be communicated to the "several Standing Com- 
mittees in the different States, requesting their consent to the 
proposed Consecration." The vote for adopting this "Address," 
stood, "Clergy — Yeas. Rev. M'' Fowler, Rev. M'" Rayner — 
Nay, Rev. M"" Waddell. Laity, by Congregations, Yeas, 10 — 
Xays, 3, among which was that of St. Mary's, Burlington ; and 
the vote of Christ Church, New Brunswick, was divided. 
Joshua M. Wallace, Esq., was at that time the leading layman,, 
and deputy from Burlington. f — Convention Journals. 

f At a special Convention in the State of New Jersey, held at Pertli Amboy,. 
Dec. 19th 1804, — called " for the purpose of taking into consideration, and 
adopting such measures as may bring to a termination certain controversies 
existing between the Rev. Dr. Uzal Ogden, Eector of Trinity Church, in. 
Newark, and the Vestry and Congregation of said Church, which appears to 
be of such a nature as cannot be settled by themselves, and whicli threaten 
to destroy the peace and prosperity of the said Church " — as soon as the 
Convention was ready to proceed to business, the Eev. Dr. Ogden read " a 
declaration, that he withdrew himself from the Protestant Episcopal Church ; 
but that he would still continue to discharge his duty as Kector of Trinity 
Church, in Newark, and as a minister of the Church of England, conformably 
to the Constitution and Charter of his Church, and his letters of Orders, 
and Licence to preach, under the hand and seal of the Right Rev. Father 
in God, Richard, late Lord Bishop of London ; a copy of whicli declaration 
he handed to the President, and instantly retired." In the afternoon, the 
Convention adopted the following : "It appearing to this Convention, that cer- 
tain controversies are now existing, between the Rev. Dr. Uzal Ogden, Rector 
of Trinity Church, at Newark, and the Vestry and the Congregation of said- 
Church, which have proceeded to such lengths as to preclude all hope of a 
favorable termination — it is resolved that this Convention do earnestly recom- 
mend and advise tlie said Dr. Ogden to relinquish his title to the Rectorship 
of said Church within thirty days from this date, and give notice thereof to 
the Chairman of the Standing Committee of this State: and we do also earnestly 
recommend and advise the congregation and vestry of said Church, upon such 
liis resignation, to allow and secure to Dr. Ogden, the sum of $250., per annum 
during his life. And if Dr. Ogden refuse to comply with the terms abovemen- 
tioned ; that then, authority is hereby given by this Convention to the Standing 
Committee, with the aid and consent of a Bishop, to proceed to suspend said 
Dr. Ogden from the exercise of any ministerial duties within this State." The 
deputation from Trinity Church, Newark, informed the Convention, that in. 
behalf of their Church, they were willing to accede to the conditions. At the 
Convention held June 5th, 1805, the Standing Committee reported tliat Dr. 
Ogden had refused to comply with the recommendations of this Convention 
and that with the aid and consent of Bishop Moore of New York, they did 
tuianimously resolve to suspend the said Rev. Dr. Ogden from the exercise of 
any ministerial duties within this State, and he was thereby suspended accord- 
ingly." " On motion tlie following were agreed to: 'Whereas the_ Rev. Dr. 
Ogden has been suspended from tlie exercise of any ministerial duties witliin 
the State of New Jersey, and in consequence of that suspension Trinity Church. 



350 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

THE OCEAN. 

[ Written at Long Branch, 17'J9.] • 

Roll on, vast ocean, lash the soimding shore, 
Till earth decay, and time shall be no more, 
"Whilst each succeeding wave this truth proclaims. 
That He whose mighty voice thy fury tames, 
AVith equal power fierce nations can control 
And hush to calm each passion of the soul. 
O then, whilst ruin, like the unfettered deep, 
O'er half the globe extends its madd'ning sweep, 
Let Him, Coliunbia, be thy hope and guide, 
That, anchor'd fast, thou may'st securely ride : 
On His commands, thy laws, thy conduct form. 
Then smile at tempests and defy the storm. c. ii. w. 

A NEW PARSONAGE BUILT. 

A new Parsonage was built in 1799, for the Rev. Dr. Whar- 
ton, on the corner of Broad and Talbot streets. It cost "$1217- 
6-9." This house was occupied by Dr. Whartonf during all 
the rest of his long rectorship;]; and afterwards by Bishoj* 
Doane and his family, until they removed into "Riverside" on 
*the bank of the Delaware. 

MARRIAGE OF THE REV. DR. WHARTON. 

'' 1799, Nov. 28th. Married by the Rev. James Abercrom- 
bie, C. H. Wharton, D. D., to Anne Kinsey." — Parish Begister 

THE CHURCH MOURNS FOR THE DEATH OF WASHINGTON. 

James Craft's 3d Vol. MS. of ^^ Daily Occurrences" has these 
entries : 

"Dec 14th, 1799. This dav our beloved George Washington 
died." 



at Newark is destitute of the stated services of the ministry, Kesolved, that the 
Wardens and Vestry of the said Church, be authorized to invite, occasionally, 
any minister of our communion, to ofHciate in their Church ; and every min- 
ister of the Church, in this State, is permitted and requested to accept such 
invitation, during the pleasure of this Convention. Resolved further. That 
the Bishop of the Church, in the State of New York, be requested to assist the 
said Church by occasional supplies. — In the meantime, the Rev. Dr. Wharton 
of Burlington and the Rev. Mr. Jones of Amboy, are particularly requested 
to officiate there on Sundays the 16th and 23d of the present moiith, and as 
often afterwards as either of them conveniently can attend." — Conrention 
Journals of Neiv Jersey. 

t" Memoranda — made on Easter Monday April 6th 1801. Mrs. Pitman 
takes the House in PeaW Street, the fence & windows to be repaired." — Treaa- 
urcr''s Account Book. 

X " .Joseph Turner's Bond and Mortgage for i>urchase of House & Lot on 
Pearl st. .June 3, 1806, ?600.00."— 7i/c/. ' 



IX BURLINGTON. 80 1 

" 20th. This day our Bell tolled twice for our beloved Wa.sh- 
ington dead.'' 

"21st. This day our bell tolled once for our beloved Wash- 
ington." 

"22d. Epis. Parson Wharton ])reached on the death of our 
beloved Washington, from Isaiah XIV: 10, 11. [All they shall 
speak and say unto thee, Art thou also become iceak as we? art 
thou become like unto us ? Thy pomj) is brought down to tJt e 
grave, and the noise oj thy viols: the ivorrn is spread under thee, 
and the loorms cover thee.^ 

" Ditto from 1st Maccabees IX : 18 to 22. [Judas also was kil- 
led, and the remnant fled. Then Jonathan and Simon took Judas 
their brother, and bwied him in 'the sepndchre of his fathers in 
Modin. Moreover they bewailed him, and all Israel made great 
lamentation for him, and mourned many days, saying, How is the 
valiant man fallen, that delivered Israel! "] f 

Extracts from an " Oration delivered to the citizens of Burlington j- 
on the 22d of February, 1800, in commemoration of Gen. 
George Washington, icho died at Mount Vernon, Dec. 14, 1799, 
in the 68th year of his age, By William Griffith, Esq. To which 
is added a Prayer, on the same occasion. By Cliarles H. Whar- 
ton, I). D., and Rector of St. Mary's Church in that city. 
Trenton : Printed by G. Craft, MDCCC" § 

" [Burlington February 22d 1800. 
" Kesolved that Mr. Wallace and Mr. Bloomfield, do wait on 
William Griffith Esquire and on behalf of the Committee of 
arrangement, present their thanks for the Oration delivered by 
him this day in memory of General Washington and request of 
him a copy for publication. 

" By Order of the Committee of Arrangements. 

"AViLLiAM CoxE Jun. Chairman.'" 



I One who wap present at these services — now the oldest commmiicant in tlie 
parish says, N^early all Avho attended Cliurch that day wore mourning. 

X This took place in St. Mary's Chinch. "The chancel," says a venerable 
lady who was present, " was covered with a staging which was draped with 
black, and all the hangings had been previou.siy covered with mourning.'' 

'i For transcripts of this oration, and the prayer which follows if, we are 
indebted to Mr. \\m. .Jolin Potts, of Camden, N. J. 



352 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

" Burlington February 24th 1800. 
" Gentlemen 

" In complying with your request to have a copy of the address 
delivered by me to the citizens of Burlington on the 22d instant, 
for publication you have a real proof of ray personal respect ; 
as no motive, but that, could havt; prevailed over my reluctance 
to give publicity to the only imperfect feature in the sublime 
and appropriate performances of the day. The circumstances of 
its preparation, known to yourselves, will I am persuaded, 
excuse me to you from the imputation of culpable inattention in 
executing this part of your arrangement ; and with others, brev- 
ity and sincerity will, I hope, procure it some indulgence.. 
" With much respect and esteem 
" I am. Gentlemen, 

" Your Obedient Servant, 

Wm. Griffith. 
"To the Gentlemen composing the committee of arrangement io 
the city of Burlington, for the 22d of Feb. 1800. 

" J^§^ The Committee of Arrangement having obligingly pre- 
sented the subscriber with the copyright of the Oration, it is 
secured accordino; to law. 

G. Craft.]" 



to 



" ORATION. 



" Tlie Day, which for so many years has never returned, but 
to suffuse every eye with pleasurable recollection and to gladden 
every heart with delightful anticipation — This day which gave 
to Human Nature, an ornament ; to America, her greatest bene- 
factor ; and to the World, a bright exemplar of every virtue, by 
a mysterious providence, has become an epoch of painful retro- 
spection, and unavailing sorrow. 

" Whilst its annual returns gave to a grateful people, another, 
and another opportunity of honoring the living object of their 
affections, the rapture of possession seemed to repress the admo- 
nitions of time or but faintly listened to the voice which told us 
that Washington must die. 

" This event, which all knew would happen, was by all post- 
poned ; and each one cherished the fond illusion, that he who. 



IX BURLINGTON. 353 

had surpassed all others, in glory, and in usefulness, might add a 
new prerogative to humanity, and exceed the ordinary limits of 
mortal existence. 

" Vain were our wishes and unrealized our hopes ! The deep, 
the extensive, the unceasing lamentation, which is heard through- 
out the American empire, proclaims to the world, that Washinfj- 
toii is no more ! Yes ! that mind. Avhich penetrated the destinies 
of his country — that courage which undertook her deliverance — 
that wisdom and fortitude which led her to independence — that 
love which planted the Tree of Liberty here, and watered it 
with the tears of parental solicitude — they no longer animate 
your Washino;ton ! 

" To you, who have felt the public shock, and added so many 
tears to the tide of public grief, it were unnecessary to describe 
its extent, and unkind to retouch the sensibility which an event 
so sudden and so affecting has produced in our country. 

" Invited, through your preference on this day, dedicated by 
national repect to the commemoration of the illustrious dead, 
to exert my efforts — alas how unequal ! in rendering homage to 
his exalted character — it is due to my own convictions, and to 
your expectations, that I renounce the design of personal 
and historical panegyric. I have no expressions which can con- 
vey an Eulogimn on Washington ! I stand not here to delineate 
hxQ person ! You who saw him in the vigour of life, when prostrate 
Freedom first dyed his cheek with flushes of resentment — indig- 
nant at her wrongs ! and the voice of his country summoned him 
to her succour — yon can never forget his graceful form, and his 
commanding aspect. We who have seen him bending with years, 
and furrowed with public cares, can never forget the filial rever- 
ence which his presence inspired. And to you who have never 
seen him — and to posterity — a West and a Stewart, have given 
of his figure and countenance, whatever Art could borrow from 
the life. 

"Nor do I stand here to recount his actions, or to grace Avith 
the splendors of language, his intrinsic claims to present and to 
future admiration. 

z 



354 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

" The great drama, in wliicli he bore so conspicuous a part, is 
over. To review its august scenery — to rehearse its wonderful 
events — to follow him in all his vicissitudes, were equally super- 
fluous and impossible. 

" You require no register of his achievements ; for you were 
all witnesses of their performance or partakers in their benefits. 
Actors with him or Spectators ! they are imprinted on every 
heart, and live in characters indellible as his own unrivalled 
pre-eminence. 

" The faithful pai2:e of history will hand down to succeedino- 
ages, his exploits of war, and arts of peace : — To other pens 
must be committed the delightful office, with glowing rhetoric, 
and in immortal song, to trace the countless services which he 
rendered to his country, and the unceasing honors, and bound- 
less gratitude, by which they were rewarded. 

" While orators mount thro' the annals of time, and examine 
the lists of fame, for subjects of historic resemblance, and models 
of eulogistic contrast — M'hile poets and historians, are emulous 
to transmit to other times the striking incidents of his fortune, 
and the varied and brilliant succession of important actions, 
which distinguished him above other men — 

" I would leave comparison, to those who can find parallels ; 
and the relation of battles and triumphs, to those wdio excel in 
epic eloquence. 

"On this occasion you will permit me, -my indulgent audience, 
to pursue a less splendid — but may I hope, not an iinpleasing 
theme. I would draw you from the contemplation of those past 
events, and personal objects, which so dazzle and captivate our 
senses — and fix your minds upon the inherent qucdiiications, 
M-hich rendered his life so useful ; his example so impressive ; 
and his iwecepts so invaluable. 

" ]My countrymen ! If you have seen your enemy wasted, 
defeated, and driven from your borders, under his military 
guidance — if order, peace and happiness, have grown out of his 
civil administration — if his experience in war and in govern- 
ment claims your highest consideration, and his truth and love 
give intrinsic weight to his opinions — it is of the utmost impor- 
tance, and an obvious duty, that we imitate the conduct and 



IN BURLINGTON. 355 

pursue those maxims, which rendered him ilhistrious, and 
America poM'erfuI and happy. 

*' His life — his virtues, and his principles address themselves to 
•our imitation, in every relation, which connects us with each 
■other and with our common country." 

" PRAYEK. 

''"Almighty and everlasting God, the author of life and death, 
who dost not attlict willingly, nor grieve the children of men, 
we do in all humility submit our wills entirely to thine; most 
humbly beseeching thee to accept of our thanks and praise for 
all the graces and favors vouchsafed unto our beloved fellow- 
oitizen, now, we trust, in peace. AVe thank thee for having 
raised up such a man at such a period, to be unto his country a 
Joshua in her battles, and a Moses in her councils. AVe ac- 
knowledge with grateful hearts tlic incalcnable national bless- 
ings, which we enjoy from thy bounty, to which thou wast 
pleased to make him so eminently instrumental. "We adore thy 
Providence in directing him to adopt and enabling him to pur- 
sue, at one time, that wise system of peace, moderation and 
Justice, which delivered us from the horrors and calamities of 
war — and cd another, that system of vigour and resolution, bv 
which we escaped the still more direful disasters of anarchy and 
prostration of principle. To him — to his successor, thy servant, 
and to other virtuous fellow citizens like them, under thee we 
are indebted, that the M'ild spirit of political fanaticism has not 
desolated our country; that the convulsions of Europe have not 
been felt on our borders ; that thy existence, thy worsliip, and 
thy religion have not been publicly questioned, insulted and 
abolished. For all these mighty and undeserved blessings, we 
desire here publicly and solemnly, to praise and glorify thy 
gracious Providence ; most humbly beseeching thee, that all the 
present and future leaders of our armies, and directors of our 
councils, may be inspired with the same constancy and intrepidity 
— the same sagacity and wisdom — the same moderation and 
humanity, which thou was pleased to bestow upon thy servant, 
Washinyton ! May the citizens of America, learn to emulate 
all his public virtues, and ever keep in mind the solemn testi- 
mony, which he bears to the necessity and excellency of thine 
everlasting gospel, in his farewell address to his country, where 
he expressly declares that freedom cannot subsist without moral- 
ity, nor morality without religion. And now, O holy and 
eternal God, Father of all Creatures, and Lord of the I^niversel 



356 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

who callest upon all orders and conditions of men, by precepts, 
promises and threatenings — by mercies and by judgments — teach 
us to admire and adore all the wisdom, etiects and intinite 
varieties of thy Providence ; and make us to regulate our affec- 
tions and conduct, by obedience, by repentance, by all manner 
of holy living, that Ave may never provoke thee to jealousy, 
much less to wrath and indignation against us. Keep far from 
our land the sword of the destroying Angel ; and let us not be 
consumed by the public expressions of thy wrath — by pestilen- 
tial diseases — by the fury of war — by calamitous, sudden, and 
horrid accidents. Lord open our understandings, that in all 
thy dispensations we may know the meaning of thy voice, when 
thou speakest, either from Heaven or from Earth in signs and 
judgments — And let a godly fear so soften our spirits, and an 
intense love so inflame and sanctify our desires, that we may 
comprehend every intimation of thy pleasure at its first and 
remotest representation; and be thereby induced, by timely 
repentance to go forth to meet thee, and stop the messengers of 
thine anger. Let thy restraining grace, and the observation of 
the issues of thy justice, so allay our unruly passions, that we be 
not severe and forvrard in condemning others, nor backward in 
passing sentence upon ourselves. Make us obedient to thy 
voice speaking in holy scripture — to tremble at the same, when 
sounding in the w'onders and great effects of thy providence ; 
but cautious not to enter into thy recesses of the sanctuary, nor 
search the forbidden records of thy councils — to read our duty 
in the pages of revelation, not in the labels of accidental effects 
— that thy judgments may confirm thy Avord and thy word teach 
us our duty. Teach us to implore thy compassion on us in these 
days of delirious innovation and mad confusion; lest, for our 
sins, we be delivered up to lawless violence and distraction. O 
Lord! prevent the judgements that afflict other nations, and 
hang over ours. Purify us from all such crimes as may excite 
thy heavy displeasure against us; from impurity and drunken- 
ness ; from swearing, lying and perjury; from blasphemy, in- 
justice, fraud, disobedience, malice, and uncharitableness. Take 
from among us the spirit of atheism, irreligion and profaneness ; 
and, in mercy convert all such as encourage any of these vices, 
which may provoke thee to give us up to infidelity and destruc- 
tion. And since as thy Avord informs us, "For the transgression 
of the land, many are the princes thereof," that is, since a con- 
fused government is the punishment of national Avickedness, O 
give us not over unto the will of our adversaries — of such as 
strive to perplex the councils and operations of our government. 
Restore unto us that peace and unanimity, AAdiich Avas formerly 



IX BURLINGTON. 357 

iJie boast and protection of our land ; and grant above all 
things that while we progress in the science of true freedom, and 
in the enjoyment of legal security, we may be still more anxious 
to become and to continue a people fearing and serving thee, and 
daily advancing in the ways of virtue and religion. All which 
we humbly ask in the name and mediation of Jesus Christ, our 
Saviour — to whom with the Father, and Holy Spirit, be ascribed 
all honour and glory, world without end. Amen, 

AUTHORITY TO DEMAND BUEIAL FEES. 

" 1800 April 14. The Minister shall have authority to de- 
mand 12 I 6 for attending the funeral of persons who do not 
belong to the Church. Persons who have left the Church or 
who are not contributors are considered as not belons^ino; to tlie 
Church, anv rio-ht their ancestors had to the contrarv not with- 
standing." — Minutes of the Vestry. 

TRUSTEES OF THE FUXD FOR MAIXTAIXIN'G A MINISTER. 

" Whereas the Subscribers together with sundry persons now 
deceased have at various times subscribed and paid into the 
hands of the Wardens of St. Mary's Church in the City of Bur- 
lington and State of New Jersey certain sums of money the 
interest of which was to be applied to the maintenance of an 
orthodox Minister of the Church of Eno-land and was declared 
to be at all times hereafter at the sole disposal of the Wardens 
and Vestry of the said Church for the use aforesaid as will ap- 
pear by the original subscription paper dated the thirteenth day 
of March 1775. And whereas the Interest arising from the 
said fund has not hitherto been applied agreeably to the inten- 
tion of the subscribers from a wish entertained by them, and 
confirmed by the assent of the persons heretofore exercising the 
duties of the Minister Church Wardens and Vestry of the said 
Church, that the said Fund should from time to time be put out 
at Interest until the agtrreo-ate sum should amount to Five hun- 
dred Pounds current Money of New Jersey after which time tlie 
annual interest should be applied conformably to the Intention 
of the subscribers. And whereas further it appearing by a 
Statement of the said Fund that it amounted to upwards of the 



358 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

sura of Five hundred Pounds, the Minister Church Wardens- 
and Vestry of the said Church did by a Resolution of the said 
Corporation passed on Monday the 15th day of April 1800 
order and direct a meeting of the Subscribers to the said fund to 
be convened at the Church aforesaid on Monday the fifth day of 
May A. D. 1800 for the purpose of appointing Trustees of the 
said Fund with power and authority to put the monies thereto 
belonging out at interest and to apply the Interest thereof an- 
nually hereafter to the maintenance of the Minister of the said 
Church as expressed in the original subscription paper hereunto- 
annexed. Now know all men that we the subscribers having 
attended on the day and at the place aforesaid and having pro- 
ceeded to the appointment of Trustees aforesaid did elect consti- 
tute and appoint Joshua Maddox AVallace and William Coxe 
junior the present Church AVardens and Treasurer of the said 
Church of St. Mary and their successors in office together with 
one other member of the said Vestry to be elected at their 
annual meeting Trustees of the Fund aforesaid and until such 
election shall be held Daniel Hancock shall be the third Trustee 
with power and authority to invest the amount thereof in good 
and sufficient obligations or securities public or private for the 
use and purposes hereinbefore mentioned, and to apply the 
annual Interest thereof to the support of the Minister at St. 
^Mary's Church aforesaid for the time being, keeping regular 
accounts of their proceedings in the premises subject to the inspec- 
tion of the Vestry of the said Church at all times and to be de- 
livered up together with the obligations aforesaid to their 
Successors in Office within ten days after the expiration of their 
office. 

AMOU^^T OF THE FUND MAY 5, 1800. 

Dollars L't? 

Cash in the hands of the Treasurer of St. Mary's Church 561 54 

Charles Ellis's Note p'ble in one year from April 2, ISOO 252 Stj 

Micajah Ellis's Bond Judgt & Mortgage do ...252 8t) 

(Jeor'ge Hancock's Bond dated 1 April 1795, £88 5 235 ol> 

Thomson Neale's Bond dated 17 April 1795 ...£25 00 

Interest 5 years due Ap. 17, 180U 8 15 

£33 15 90 00 

equal to £522 4 11 DoUs. 1392 G5 



IX BURLINGTOX. 059 

" Witness our hands the day abovementioned. 

William Smith, John Tonkin, 

Wm. Coxe, jun., John Xeale, 

RoB^ LrcAS, Daniel Hancock, 

George Painter, Thomson Neale, 

Charles Ellis Executor to Daniel Ellis, 
Joseph Bloomfield." 

opinion of w:\[. Griffith, es<j. 

" Mr. Coxe having communicated to me certain propositions, 
which the Revd. Doctor AVharton intends to make to the A'estry 
of St. Mary's — as the terms- upon which he can consent to re- 
main in the Church — for my opinion whether the appropriations 
therein required can be made by the Vestry according to the 
Charter; and having carefully examined the same am very clear 
that the A'estry have full power to go to the extent of those propo- 
sals and much further if they conceived it for the service of the 
Church. If the Vestry or any gentleman of it wishes any 
further satisfaction on this point I will very cheerfully give it. 
It is perfectly clear to me that there exists uo obstacle to a com- 
pliance unless it should be the disposition of the Vestry ; and I 
only wonder how any doubt could have arisen — as to their right 
of makins: anv contract of this sort with the minister — calculated 
for the service of the Church and for its most essential interests. 

" Wm. Griffith." 

"Octr. Gth 1801." 

REV. DR. WHARTON ELECTED PRESIDENT OF C0LUMI5IA 

COLLEGE. 

'' To the Vestvij of St. Man/s Church 

"Burlington Oct. 7th 1801 
'' Gentlemen 

" I presume that none of you are ignorant of the appointment 
to which I have been elected at Xew-York. t Its emoluments 

f'The deserved reputation which Dr. AVharton's scholarsliip had procured 
him, rendered him an object of great desire with several of our literary insti- 
tutions. As early as 1785, he was sought for as Principal of the Protestant 



360 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

are such as would place nie in an independent & affluent situa- 
tion for life : The duties are light, & the station very respectable. 
A Church now vacant in the suburbs of that City may also 
probably be obtained, which, I am told, would offer a handsome 
salary without exacting any parochial duties besides that of 
jn-eaching every Sunday morning. It must be evident to you, 
Gentlemen, that, in a 'pecuniary jwint of view, nothing in the 
offer of this Church bears any proportion to these advautages. 
On the contrary, all the funds, which I receive fall greatly short 
of my support; so that I have been obliged toiucroach consider- 
ably on my Capital, and to expend annually almost the whole 
of ray private income. Under these circumstances, the Vestry 
of this Church will not, I trust, deem it either uncandid or un- 
generous, if I endeavour to secure a decent and permanent 
establishment. Indeed I conceive it my duty so to do; & I 
shall accordingly move to Xew-York, unless the proposals 
w'hich I am going to submit to the Vestry, should be carried 
into effect. In making these proposals I am actuated Avith a 
sincere attachment to the Members of this Church in general, 
with a deep concern for its prosperity, & with a due ct grateful 
sense of the kind exertions which have been made by its Vestry 
for my accommodation & comfort; for Mdiich exertions I pray 
them to accept my most affectionate thanks, & to believe me 
fully convinced that the present funds of the Church could not 
authorize their extension. What I mean, therefore, to propose 
at present, is — 

''First. That my present establishment consisting of the 



Episcopal Academy of Philadeliiliia, nnder the patronage of the BishojJ and 
Clergy; but declined on account of lus health, whicli liad been mucli enfeebled 
by 3 nervous fever. In 1801, he was unanimously elected to the Presidency 
of Columbia College, in tlie city of New York, which he accepted, and pre- 
sided at the Commencement ; but in the course of the year, to the great dis- 
appointment of tlie friends oi^the College, tendered his resignation. In 1803, 
he was })owerful]y urged tu become Princij'al of the College at Beaufort, South 
Carolina, and Kector of the Parish there, but declined the appointment. The 
emoluments of office, in both these latter cases, would greatly have exceeded 
the value of his parochial living. But he loved retirement. He was unwill- 
ing to undertake duties which his health might not enable him to discharge. 
He was reluctant to dissolve the sacred bond which years of endearment and 
confidence had formed with the friends of his bosom and the people of his 
charge. And more than all, he had learned, with an Apostle, in whatever 
state lie was, therewith to be content." — Sprac/ue's Annalf, p. 337. 



IX BURLINGTON. 3G1 

House and Lot where I liv^e with the salary of £175 per auimui, 
shall be permanent ; & that the Vestry do now make an appro- 
priation of any future revenues & interests, which may accrue 
to the Church over & above the present income as an addition 
to my permanent salary aforesaid to be received by me as the 
same arise cV: come into the possession of the Church ; provided 
nevertheless, that such addition to my permanent salary shall 
not be wished or expected to exceed four hundred dollars per 
annum, & provided also, that before any such surplus revenue 
shall be applied to my use as aforesaid, there shall be deducted 
from it all such moneys as may be necessary for the repairs of 
the Church, & other usual & incidental expenses. 

" Secondly. That as it is possible I may from age or infir- 
mity become incapable of performing parochial duties, in that 
case I should not expect either my permanent or additional 
salary to continue, but my proposal is, that the House & lot, 
W'here I now dwell should be legally secured to me free of rent 
during my natural life. 

" Thh'dh/. That in case Mrs. Wharton should survive me, 
she shall be allowed to occupy the said house & Lot for one year 
after free of rent. 

"It will be perceived that in proposing these terms I ask no 
present addition to my salary ; and shall only obtain it as the 
funds increase. My expectations rest upon a mere uncertainty; 
but, in my present circumstances, I could wish them to be as 
secure as they can be. As to my becoming disabled by age or 
infirmity from officiating in the Church ; it is a bare possibility. 
In that event however, Prudence on my part, & Justice, I trust, 
on the part of the Vestry must suggest the propriety of securing 
a house to reside in for the short time that I should probably 
survive such inability to discharge the duties of the Ministry. 
In the mean time all the revenues of the Church might be 
applied to the support of my Successor, \vho would also have a 
reasonable expectation of the House & lot coming speedily into 
his occupation. Mrs. Wharton's surviving me is also a con- 
tingency. But should this happen, I am convinced that I do 
but justly appreciate the delicacy & generosity of the Vestry in 



362 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

believing that they will cheerfully permit her to reside for one 
year in the House, if she find it convenient to do so. 

"The propositions which I have made appear to my mind 
just (t reasonable. They call for no immediate accession of 
Salary — they provide only for small accommodations in case of 
certain possible contingencies. They are in short, such as in 
my mind bear no proportion to the sacrifices which I make, in 
order to obtain them, that I may continue with a Congregation 
which I love & respect. Security, however, will greatly en- 
hance their value ; for however disposed I am to confide in 
those, from whom I have received so many proofs of kindness 
& attachment, yet as continual changes both of Men et Opinions 
are taking place around us, no Prudent Person, or Friend of 
mine would desire, that I should leave these points to future 
casualties. I am about to relinquish for them great & perma- 
nent advantages, &, should justly incur the reproaches of my 
own mind, did I not endeavor to make myself secure in the 
unequivalent Compensation, which I propose to accept in their 
place. 

" The Vestry has now my propositions before them. If they 
be of opinion that my Ministry & usefulness among them have 
been, or may be such as to call for their assent to them, my 
intention is, by God's blessing, to remain where I am, & to 
dedicate my services to the promoting of virtue & true religion 
among the members of this Church. 
"With respect, I remain, 

"Gentlemen, vour friend & Humble Serv' 

"Charles H. Whaetox." 

" October 7th, 1801. This Letter was received by the A'estrv 
and read at a Meeting of the Corporation of St. Mary's Church- 
held said day. After mature deliberation the Corporation 
agreed to the Proposals made by the Rev. Dr. AVharton, and 
for themselves & their Successors to pay him agreeably to what 
is therein mentioned, and to comply with all the other Proposi- 
tions therein contained, reserving to themselves any addition 
that may be made to the present Rates of the Pews, Dr. Whar- 



IX BURLINGTON. 363 

ton agreeing that no addition is to be made to his Salarv bv 
increasing the present Rates of pews. 

"Joshua M. ^XA-LJ.ACE, Sec'y pro tern. 
" to the Corporation of St. Mary's Church.'' 

the s. p. g. give their laxd ix eurlingtox to st. 

Mary's church. 

On the 13th of April, 1803, the Corporation of St. Mary's 
Church received from the S. P. G. the famous property men- 
tioned so often in the preceding pages ; the full particulars of 
which are given in the following extracts from the Deed of 
Conveyance : 

" Whereas the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in 
Foreign Parts by virtue of divars good conveyances and assuran- 
ces in the Law do stand seized of an estate in fee simple of and 
in certain Lots of Land, Tenements and hereditaments herein- 
after described situate within the bounds of the City and Town- 
ship of Burlington in the county of Burlington in the State of 
New Jersey in North America axd whereas the said Lots of 
Land and premises were originally designed by the said Society, 
for the support and maintenance of the Episcopal Church in the 
said City of Burlington but since the separation of the colonies 
from the Kingdom of Great Britain by the War and the Treaty 
of peace have for the most part laid open and unproductive 
either to the said Society or to the said Episcopal Church axi> 
whereas the Minister Churchwardens and A^estrymen of the 
said Church have earnestly requested of the said Society to grant 
and convey the said premises to and for the use and mainte- 
nance of the said Episcopal Church in the City of Burlington 
and the said Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in For- 
eign Parts are willing and minded to comply with the said 
request x^ow tpiis ixdex'TURE witxesseth that the said Society 
in consideration of the request aforesaid and also of five shillings 
to the said Society paid by the said Minister Churchwardens 
and Yestry men the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged 
HAVE according to their estate and interest in the premises and 



364 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

so far as they lawfully can or may but not further or otherwise 
by these presents no grant Bargain sell enfeoti' assure and con- 
firm to the said Minister Churchwardens and Vestrymen and 
their Successors and Assigns all that certain Tract of Land at 
Burlington upon Delaware River Beginning at the End of the 
Street which bounds the water lots by the head of the Street 
leading by the Creek side from the River to Broad Street and 
runs from the said End of the Street by the Creek Street fifty 
seven perches and a half to Broad Street then by Broad Street 
tfbrty five perches to a stake then about North by East sixty 
one perches and one half to the said Street bounding the Water 
Lots then by the said Street thirty four perches and a half to the 
place of beginning containing about fifteen acres be the same 
more or less as also all that Lot called Water Lot Beginning at 
the aforesaid Street leading from High Street ranging parallel 
with the East Wall of the House formerly John Tatham now 
burnt and runs Northward in the same parallel to the River then 
bv the said River One hundred feet and so back arain South- 
wards to the said Street by which it is measured one hundred 
feet to the place of beginning As also one certain parcel of 
Meadow Land near to a Bridge commonly called and known 
bv the name of London Bridge in the Town Bounds Beofinniuo; 
at a Stake formerly corner to James Wells his four acres by a 
small Creek that Bounds Burlington and runs by said James 
Wells four acres West six chains to a Gum tree and then South 
three chains to an Oak and South East seven Chains to a Creek 
and thence by the said Creek as it runs Southwardly to a corner 
Stake formerly Samuel Staceys then by the said Samuel Stacey's 
Meadow Land Northwest Westerly twelve chains formerly to 
Christopher Wetherills meadow Land and thence by the same 
North North East six Chains and thence North to the Small 
Creek and from thence along the said Small Creek to the corner 
Stake where it first began containing about Ten Acres as also a 
Lot of Land within the bounds of the Citv of Burlinorton Ivinu" 
at the point or East end of the Island by the Creek bounded by 
the Land formerly Surveyed to John Tatham and by his Son 
sold to the said Society on the West End and the said Creek on 
ihe East running the whole length of the said Tathams Land 



IX BURLINGTON. 365. 

from River Street to Broad Street being fifty seven perches and 
a half and in Breadth at the North and from the said Tathams 
Land to the said Creek near Eight perches and in the middle twO' 
perches and at the South and by Broad Street four perches ex- 
tending; all the length to the low M'ater mark containing one 
acre and three quarters of an acre Surveyed for the use of the 
said Society and recorded in Basses Book of Surveys folio 119 
remaining in the Secretarie's Office at Burlington Together with 
all and Singular the profits improvements privileges heredita- 
ments and appurtenances thereunto belonging or in any wise 
appertaining to have and to hold the premises with their 
and every of their appurtenances unto the said Minister Church 
wardens and Vestrymen their Successors and assigns to and for 
the Sole and only proper use benefit and behoof of the said Min- 
ister Churchwardens and Vestrymen their Successors and 
assigns forever for the use and maintenance of the Episcopal 
Church in the City of Burlington aforesaid and to &: for no 
other use or uses whatsoever axd the said Society for the 
Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts for themselves and 
their Successors do covenant grant and agree to and with the 
said Minister Churchwardens and Vestrymen their Successors 
and assigns that they shall and may from time to time and at 
all times hereafter have hold occupy possess and enjoy all and 
Singular the said above Bargained or Granted premises and every 
of them with their and every of their Appurtenances and all and 
every the rents Issues profits and Commodities thereof coming- 
arising and growing have and take without any matter of Lett 
Suit Trouble A^exation Eviction Disturbance or other Hindrance 
or Molestation whatsoever of the said Society for the Propaga- 
tion of the Gospel or their Successors or of any other person or 
persons whatsoever in testimony whereof the said Society 
for the Propagating the Gospel in Foreign Parts have here- 
unto affixed their Corporate Seal at the palace of his Grace 
the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury situate at Lambeth in the 
County Surrey in England the day and year first above writ- 
ten." t 

t" Received 26th September 1803 and Eecorded in book N of Deeds page- 
58S &c in the Clerks office at Burlington." 



26Q HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

JosEPJi RiGLEY of Carey Street in the Parish of Saint 
Clement Danes within the Liberty of Westminster in the County 
of Middlesex Clerk to Messieurs Oddieand Forster of the same 
Place Solicitors maketh Oath and saith that he this Deponent 
Avas present as a Witness and did see the Deed of Conveyance 
hereunto annexed dulv sealed with the Common Seal of the 
Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts and 
saith that the same seal was set and affixed thereto in the pres- 
ence of this Deponent and that the Xame "Joseph Rigley" set or 
subscribed to the said Deed of Conveyance as Witness to the 
Sealing thereof is of the proper Hand Writing of this Deponent. 

Joseph Rigley. 
Sworn at the Mansion House '^ 

in London this thirteenth Day of ' 

April 1803 before me J 

Price Mayor 

To ALL TO AVHOM thcse Presents shall come I Charles Price 
Esquire Lord ]Mayor of the City of London Do hereby Cer- 
TiFiE that on the Day of the Date hereof, personally came and 
appeared before me Joseph Rigley the Deponent named in the 
Affidavit hereunto annexed, being a person avcU known and 
worthy of good Credit, and by solemn Oath which the said 
Deponent then took before me upon the Holy Evangelists of 
Almighty God, did solemnly and sincerely declare testifie and 
depose to be true the several matters and things mentioned and 
contained in the said annexed affidavit. 

In Faith and Testimony whereof I the said 
Lord Mayor have caused the Seal of the Office of 
Mayoralty of the said City of London to be here- 
unto put and affixed and the Deed of Conveyance 
[l. s.] mentioned and referred to in and by the said Affi- 
davit to be hereunto also annexed Dated in 
London the thirteenth Day of April in the Year 
of our Lord One thousand eight hundred and 
three. 

WiNDALE. 

— Original in Parisli Archives. 



IN BURLINGTOX. 3(37 

'•' 1803, Oct 2"^ To cash paid Joshua M. Wallace, Jun'' Ex- 
penses attending on and procuring a Conveyance of the Society 

Lots, £\S.16.''—Accou7it Bool: 

DIOCESAN OFFICES OF DR. AVHARTOX. 

June 5th, 1805. The annual convention of the Church in 
New Jersey was held in St. Mary's, Burlington. Divine ser- 
vice was read by the Rev. John Croes, of Xew Brunswick, and 
a sermon was delivered by the Rev. Jasper Davis Jones, of 
Perth Amboy. The Rev. Andrew Fowler, of Shrewsbury, 
president of the last convention, took the chair. Five clergy- 
men were present, and six churches were represented by lay- 
deputies, those from St. Mary's being Messrs. Joshua jNI. Wal- 
lace, "William Coxe, Daniel Hancock,t and Thomson Xeale.t 
The Rev. Dr. Wharton took the chair, as President, and the 
Rev. Mr. Jones, succeeded as Vice President, in rotation. Mr. 
William Coxe was appointed Secretary. 

Thursday, June 6th. The following were chosen "Repre- 
sentatives to attend the General Convention :" Rev. Chas. H. 
Wharton, D. D., Rev. Henry Waddell, Rev. John Croes, Rev. 
Jasper Davis Jones, and Messrs. Samuel Ogden, Joshua ]M. 
Wallace, William Coxe, and Andrew Bell. 

The following were chosen as the standing committee : The 
Rev. Dr. Wharton, President, and ex-ojficio Chairman, the Rev. 
John Croes, the Rev. Henry James Feltus, the Rev. Jasper 
Davis Jones, and Messrs. Joshua M. Wallace, Samuel Ogden, 
Andrew Bell, and William Coxe. 

"Agreeably to the direction of a canon of the General Conven- 
tion of 1804," the five clergymen present in Convention, reported 

f •• 1807, Oct. 7th. Buried Daniel Hancock, a respectable Vestryman of 
this Church." — Parish Bcgisier. 

i"1808, May 29th. Buried Thonisun Xeale, tlie oldest and a respectable 
Vestryman of this Church." — Ibid. 

His headstone, not far from the vestry-door, of the new St. Mary's Church, 
reads : 

''Sacred to the memory of Thomson Xeale, Ksqr., who departed this life on 
.the 27th of May, 1808, aged 65 years. 

"Far from this Avorld of toil and strife. 

He's present with the Lord, 
The labours of his mortal life- 
End in a just reward.' 



368 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

the number of families, communicants, baptisms, marriages, etc., 
in their several congregations during the last year.f 

'' On motion, it was unanimously resolved. That every church 
in this state -which has omitted for three years last past, to 
send any delegate to the Convention of the same, and shall omit 
to do so for two years more, shall be deemed as acting very 
irregularly, and paying no attention to that spirit of union and 
wholesome discipline, without which our Church cannot be 
supported or distinguished from other societies." 

BISHOP AVIIITE PREACHES IN BURLINC4T0X. 

•' Dee. 5th, 1805. Bishop White preached in St. Mary',^ 
from St. INIatthew III, 1 to 9 verses — \_In those days came John 
the Baptist, p'eaching in the vilderness of Judea, and saying, 
Bepent ye: for the hingdom of heaven is at hand. For this is he 
that icas spoken of by the ])rophet Esaias, saying, The voice of one 
crying in the icilderness. Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his 
paths straight. And the same John had his raiment of cameVs 
hair, and a leathern girdle about his loins; and his meat icas 
locusts and ivild honey. Then went out to him Jerusalem, and all 
Jadea, and all the region round about Jordan, and toere baptized, 
of him in Jordan, confessing their sins. But when he saiv many 
of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said unto 
them, generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the 
icrath to comef Bring forth therefore fruits meet for repentance.'] 
Sung Ps. 105— 1st 4 verses, Ps. 104— do."— Cra/^'s J/6. 
^^ Daily Occurrences." 

SUBSCRIPTIONS FOR AN ORGANIST. 

" We whose names are underwritten being desirous of encour- 
aging & promoting sacred harmony in the Church of Burling- 
ton & of raising for that purpose a moderate compensation for 
a person able and willing to play the Organ in the said Church 
at Morning & Evening Service do promise to pay to the person 
aforesaid or his order annually the following sums : 

July 1st 180G. 

"Lydia Riche $6.00, Wm. Coxe §8.00, Chas. H. Wharton 
$5.00, J. Mcllvaine §8.00, Dr. Mcllvaine §4.00, Mrs. Lea 

f This was the beginning of annual parochial reports. 



IX BURLINGTOX. 369 

§3.00, Edward Shippen §2.00, Elias Boudinot $6.00, Tarpin 
Ivilby §3.00, Robert Lucas §2.00, Abraham Vausciver §1.00, 
John Scott §1.50, Nathan A. Cole §2.00, Miss Reids §2.00, O. 
Hoagland §2.00, Hannah Kinsey $2.00, Charles Ellis §2.00, 
William Griffith §5.00, George Hancock §1.50, Thomas Mills 
^Z.OOy— Original MS. 

ALTERATIONS AND ADDITIONS TO THE CHURCH, AGREED 

UPON. 

On the 6th of August, 1810, articles of agreement were signed, 
and sealed, for enlarging and otherwise altering, the Church 
fabric. The stipulations were these : 

" "Whereas the A'estry of the Episcopal Church of Burlington 
New Jersey intend making certain alterations & additions to 
said Church in the Town of Burlington, and to employ in the 
alterations & additions of said building a quantity of work in 
wood, — And whereas Samuel Gillis, Carpenter is willing and 
doth hereby undertake & contract to perform all the Carpen- 
ter's M'ork necessary in the above mentioned alterations & addi- 
tions, in the best & most workmanlike manner, & agreeably to 
the drawings & designs hereunto annexed, and under the direc- 
tion of Rob' Mills Architect, — 

Now therefore, it is agreed by & between the said parties in 
the following manner, — 

1st. That in consideration of the work hereby stipulated to 
be done, and agreeably to the design of the said Rob' Mills, 
hereunto annexed (which form part of this agreement, and are 
to all intents and purposes of equal force & validity as if herein 
particularly set forth,) The said Yestry of the Episcopal 
Church of Burlington will pay, or cause to be paid unto the 
said Samuel Gillis, the Sum of Four hundred dollars at such 
times & in such proportions as the advanced state of the work 
will justify. 

2d. And on the part of the said Samuel Gillis it is hereby 
agreed with the Vestry of said Church, that in consideration of 
the said sum of four hundred dollars to be duly paid to him in 
Ihe manner before recited, he shall & will perform all the alter- 

2 a 



370 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

atioiis & additions set forth in the aforesaid drawings & designs 
referred to (except the pulpit and reading desk) in the best and 
most workmanlike manner — 

It is ao-reed that as much of the old materials are to be used 
in the execution of the new work, as propriety & economy will 
sanction ; & that the taking apart of the old work for this pur- 
pose (after it is pulled down as above mentioned) is included in 
the general agreement — 

jSP Gillis is to give such instructions to the Bricklayer in tb.e 
performance of the Brick work, during the absence of M"" Mills, 
as the drawings before referred to will point out. 

And for the true & faithful performance of all & singular the 
articles & agreement hereinbefore particularly set forth, we here- 
unto bind ourselves; — & in witness thereof have hereto inter- 
changably set our hands & seals the day and year above written — 

Joshua M. Wallace, [l. s.] 

Samuel Gillls. [l. s.] 

Sealed & delivered ^ 
In the presence of / 

Mary M. Wallace 
Rob"^ Mills. 

contract for a xeav pulpit. 

On the 29th of January, 1811, articles of agreement were 
signed for erecting a new pulpit in the Church, Avhich were in 
these terms : 

" Whereas the Church of Burlington intend to erect a pulpit 
in said church & to employ in its erection a certain quantity of 
Avork in wood. And whereas the said Samuel Gillis is willing & 
doth hereby undertake & contract to provide & set the same 
in the said building in the best & most w^orkmanlike manner & 
agreeably to the designs and under the direction of Rob* Mills 
architect & according to the drawings & descriptions hereunto 
annexed — 

" Now therefore it is agreed by and between the said parties 
hereunto in manner & form followino- — viz — 

" On the part of the said Church it is covenanted & agreed 
with the said Saml Gillis that in consideration & in payment of 



IN BURLINGTON. 371 

the work hereby stipulated to be done the said Church will pay 
or cause to be paid the sura of ninety five dollars in the follow- 
ing proportions, viz, 

" 1st As soon as the outer work enclosing the reading desk is 
up, capped and banded. Fifty dollars. 

" 2d As soon as the steps of the stairs platforms of Heading 
desk & pulpit are fixed the further sum of Thirtij chllars — 

" 3d And as soon as the pulpit is completed agreeably to draw- 
ings the sura of Fifteen dollars, in all the sura of Ninety five dol- 
lars. 

"'And on the part of the said Saml Gillis it is hereby cov- 
enanted and agreed with the said Church as follows, to wit, 

" That in consideration of the said sum to be to him duly paid at 
the periods above recited amounting in all to the sum of ninety 
five dollars, he shall and will at his own proper cost cfe expense 
provide & set all the work of said pulpit agreeably to the an- 
nexed drawings & designs of the said Rob' Mills (which form 
part of this agreement & are to all intents *Sz purposes of equal 
force & validity as if herein particularly set forth) in the best & 
most workmanlike manner. 

"It is understood in this ao;reement that all the necessary 
materials for the performance of the above mentioned work are 
to be provided by the said Church. And for the true and faith- 
ful performance of the aforesaid articles & agreements particu- 
larly set forth, the subscribers hereunto bind themselves jointly 
& severally their & each of their heirs Executors administrators 
& successors — In witness whereof, they have hereunto inter- 
changeably set their hands & seals the day & year first above 

written — 

"On Behalf of the Church 

" Joshua M. Wallace, [l. s.] 

Church Warden. 

"Samuel Gillis. [l. s,] 

" Sealed & delivered in \ , 

the presence of j 

" AVitness Tho« Mills 
" Rachel B. Wallace." 



372 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 



DIAGRAM OF ST. MARY's CHURCH. 

Up to the autumn of 1810 — after its extension westward, 
under the rectorship of the Rev. Dr. Odell, in 1769— the interior 
of the Church (so far as we can ascertain, without any drawings) 
is tolerably represented by this diagram : 







© 



m 



T 



H. Holy Taljle. 
//. Chancel. 
c. Prayer Desk. 
<-/. Pulpit, with souiuliiig-board. 
('. Steps to Pulpit, 
/.j Font, -with pyramiilal cover. 
.'/•IGrOvernor's Pew, with canopy 
and curtains. 



//. Large Square Pew. 

/. South Door. 

;/. North ^ Door. 

k. Staircase to Gallery. 

/. Gallery, across the W. end. 

m. Clerk's Desk, in the Gallery, 

01. Large East Window. 

(). "Windows. 

■p. Organ. 



IN BURLIXGTOX. . 373 

DEATH OF THE PRINCIPAL OF THE ACADEMY. 

"1811, March 22d. Buried John Michael Haneke], Prin- 
cipal of the Burlington Academy. Kvimiae pietatls Jmrnis." 
— Parish Register. 

The headstone, at his grave, in St. Mary's Church yard, has, 
at its top, a large medallion, on which is represented a vouth 
with wings, seated on the clouds, cheerfully looking upon a 
vision of the cross with rays of glory radiating from it — while 
upon a scroll, gracefully supported by the clouds on which he 
sits, are the words, " Blissful reality of my hopes." 

Beneath this medallion is this inscription : 

In memory of 

JOHX MICHAEL HAXCKEL 

late Principal of 

the Academy in this City 

who d i ed March 2 PM 8 1 1 , 

in the 24"" year of his age. 

His talents were of the first order 
his acquirements great and his labours 
as an instructor of youth were 
indefatigable and eminently crowned 
with success. As aMan his conduct was 
blameless: as a Christian it was exemplary. 

" Blissful path with safety trod 
As it leads the Soul to God." 

WORSHIP, IX THE CHURCH BUILDIXG, RESUMED. 

" 1811, April 28th. After worshipping at the Academy for 
nearly 8 months, on this day we resumed our Worship in the 
Church in its improved state."! — Parish Register. 

SIZE AXD APPEARAXCE OF THE CHURCH. 

" The Church, after this addition, having been increased in 
size three times, was in the form of a rectangular parallelogram, 

t"Jan. 12th 1813. To ca^h paid D. Allinson for printing Hymns, at 
opening the Church after the Alteration, f?lM."—lrea.iurers Account Booh. 



374 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

extending East and West sixty-three feet three inches, and 
North and Sontii thirty-three feet four inches ; having at the 
East end a chevet, or serai-circular termination, in which was 
placed the chancel. At the West end was the choir, over which 
(sifpported by large square pillars, rising through the roof,) was 
fixed^tlie belfry." — Extract from " The Ilissionarij." 

BROTHERLY LOVE COXTIXUES, IN THE CHURCH IX NEW 

JERSEY. 

licv. Dr. Wharton to the Rev. Dr. Croes. f 

"Dec'- 23 1811 
"Reverend & dear Sir: 

" Since the receipt of yours of the 4'*' Inst, I have been continu- 
ally contemplating a ride to with a view of ascertain- 
ing more certainly the situation of M'' but for nearly two 

months the eruption on my legs, wh afflicts me every fall, has 
confined me at home, & indeed almost to the house, except on 
Sundays. It is not, thank God, as bad as it was last year, & I 
think the worst is now over. If upon inquiry I should find 
things as they have been represented to me, I will cheerfully 
contribute the sum which you mention, & will give you notice 
accordingly. It is a subject of much regret, that the services 
of this Gentleman are not more acceptable to his congregation. 
He appears to be a pious & zealous Man ; but, in the present 
state of society he exhibits an additional proof that piety, & zeal 
are not the only cpialifications for the Ministry ; & I hope our 
Church will be daily more convinced of this, & will act up to 
the conviction. In my letter to you, I did not mean to suggest 

that M'' should be employed as a permanent missionary; 

but that he should merely be furnished with an opportunity 
gratis of visiting the vacant Churches in Sussex, & of looking 
about for something that might better his situation. However, 
as he wishes to be instituted where he now is, I suppose he 
entertains no idea of removing. I suppose you have received a 

fTlie originals, of this and the following letters, were kindly furnislied by 
the Kev. Eobert E. Croe.-;, D. D., a son of the Eev. Dr. (afterwards Bisliop) 
Croes. 



IX BURLINGTOX. 375 

■copy of M' 's Convention Sermon ; as lie proposed sending 

one to each of our Clergy. It was printed here, & a great body 
of notes was prepared to accompany it; but most of these I have 
prevailed upon him to suppress. We are told, I hope errone- 
ously, that animosities & divisions at Xew York continue with 
unabated violence. Is there no authority in the Great Body of 
the Church to settle them ; or must they terminate in the ruin 
of that hitherto flourishing portion of our Zion? "\Ve hear that 
Ireland has entered, & Jones re-entered the lists, & that they re- 
ceive countenance from Bp. Provoost. Is this the fact, & what are 
its grounds ? I have longed to converse with good Bp. AVhite 
on the subject, but have not been well enough to go down. 
With every true son of the Church I contemplate this calamity 
with bitter regret. It affixes a stain, which a long course of 
evangelical harmony will scarcely wipe away. Instead of ex- 
claiming ' How do these professing desciples of Xt love one 
another,' will not they who are without, adopt a very opposite 
expression ? Poor D'' Hobart's mitre has proved a crown of 
.thorns ; but, I trust, like his divine Master, he will be enabled 
to wear it with fortitude & patience. While unanimity & 
brotherly love continue to flourish in our little Church-circle, 
& claim our thanks to the Author of peace, let us earnestly sup- 
plicate him to extend the same blessings to our Brethren beyond 
the Hudson. 

'' M'' W. desires to be kindly remembered to you, & with great 
regard, I remain. Rev'* & dear S'' your 

" Sincere friend & B" 

" Charles H. Wharton. 

" P. S. Be pleased to inform M'^' Parker (with my Compts) 
that M"" French's old Betty was buried yesterday in our Church- 
yard. 

" The Rev° Johx Croes, D. D., 
" New Brunswick, 

" Xew Jersev." 

Postmarked "Burl Dec 24" 



376 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

A VIGOROUS LETTER OX SEVERAL TOPICS. 

Rev. Dr. Wharton to Rev. Dr. Croes. 

"Jan^ 29'M812. 
" Reverend & Dear Sir 

"Your letter of the 25"' Inst, inclosing your very liberal dona- 

tiou to poor is received. I have inclosed the note to 

D^ , & Avait only for an opportunity of sending it. 

On Friday last I went to Mount Holly in consequence of an 
invitation to dine with Major Cox on the occasion of his daugh- 
ter's wedding. I there met, as I expected, with the two M"" 
"Wilmers, M"" Turner, M"" Higbee & several of the Congregation. 

* * M'' has ordered Allison to transmit a 

copy of his sermon to each of our Clergy. 1 prevailed upon him 
to alter a few obnoxious expressions, & to omit a great body 
of annotations ; but could not persuade him to suppress them 
all. Indeed, I advised him as delicately as I could, not to 
print the Sermon at all, but he conceived that it had been mis- 
represented, t& that its usefulness would exceed the disapproba- 
tion it might meet with. I suggested that this with me, Mas ai 
matter of doubt ; & the event must show which of us is right. 
I corrected some of the first proof-sheets, but the Printer relied 
on his own accuracy as to others ; inserted sentences which I 
had marked for omission, & has, of course, sent it to the public 
in rather an imperfect state. I have just finished reading Bp. 
Hobart's statement. It is powerfully written, & with me is con- 
clusive. How Bp. Brovoost, & the other advocates of M'" 
Jones can answer to God, or the Church for their conduct, I 
cannot conceive. If Jones be not a convicted schismatic, there 
never was a person of that description, & we had better ex]Dunge 
one of the petitions of the Litany. Some think that the peace 
of the Church of N. York is of such consequence as to authorize 
the call for a General Convention. What is your opinion ? 
Could such a measure be effectual in restoring harmony, &: ob- 
viating any further dissentions of this nature, I should be 
clearly for embracing it. We want some decisive regulations 
for coercing the disturbers of the Church's peace, & punishing 



IN BURLINGTON. 377 

rebels to her constitutional authority. What is any Personal 
immorality, against which our Canons are levelled, compared to 
the crime of defeating the purposes of all religious associations 
by introducing confusion into the government, & deadly dissen- 
tions among the Members of the Church ? The cry of Tyranny 
c\b persecution is too stale a pretext to have any weight under the 
liberal polity of our Ecclesiastical institutions. It is too late in 
the day to renew^ in tJiis Country appeals to the public feelings, 
which would have disgraced old Cartwright & the other Puri- 
tans in the reign of Elizabeth; of which, indeed, even they 
would have been ashamed. God change their hearts, say I, & 
bring them to repentance & better minds, or enable our Zion, at 
any rate, to get rid of the author of all this mischief. M" ^y. 
sends her regards to you and yrs, & I remain 

" Yr. respectful friend & afF'te B"" 

" C. H. W. 

" The Rev" John Croes, D. D., 
" Brunswick, 

" New Jersey." 
Postmarked " Burl" Jan^ 31." 

CHRISTIAX HAXCKEL, CANDIDATE FOR DEACON. 

At a meeting of the standing committee at Burlington, on the 
14th day of July, 1812, "documents were presented by ]SIr. 
Christian Hanckelf a candidate for the order of Deacon, which 
being taken into consideration, the following resolution waS' 
agreed to : 

" Resolv( d, That the said Christian Hanckel be considered a 
candidate, from tlie said first day of October, 1812. 

" The Rev. Mr. Wilmer, the Rev. Dr. Wharton, and Mr. 
Joshua M. Wallace, were appointed a committee to examine the 
said Christian Hanckel." 

[Afterwards Rev. Dr. Hanckel a prominent Presbyter of 
South Carolina, who died in 1870, aged 82 years.] 

t"1811, Feb. 11th. Baptized Clirlstian Hanckel, an adult."— P«nW( 
Itegister. 



.378 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

EXTEMPORE PRAYER AGITATED, t 

"III the year 1813, a disposition was manifested by a few- 
persons to meet on Sunday evenings for public worship in each 
other's houses ; dispensing with the order of Evening Prayer 
prescribed in the Prayer Book : and the same persons thought 
that it would improve the regular services in the Church, if the 
clergyman would offer an extempore prayer before, or after, his 
sermon. Neither idea was well received in the congregation of 
St. Mary generally. And the persons inclined to it, refered the 
matter to Dr. Boudinot, who, from his Huguenot descent and 
Presbyterian relations, it was thougiit, might favor it. Acting, 
however, under the advice of his friend and kinsman. Judge 
Wallace, who had been more straightly bred in the Church, he 
could not be brought to commit himself. He agreed however 
to refer the matter to the Rector and in certain queries signed 
'' A Layman,' he asked Dr. Wharton's opinion as to the mat- 
ter. The Rector, with great discretion, expressed his wish to 
consult Bishop White, whose opinion he felt sure would be re- 
ceived as conclusive. An original letter from the Bishop to Dr. 
Wharton, among the collections of the Historical Society of 
Pennsylvania, gives the Bishop's views." 

BISHOP WHITE ox EXTEMPORE PRAYER. 

Bishop White to Rev. Dr. Wharton. 

"Sep. 26. 1813. 
" Rey° & DEAR Sir : 

" I rec'' your Letter of Tuesday & have an Opportunity, by 
Judge Wallace, of freely giving you my Opinion on y*^ two 
Points prominent in y'' Inquiries addressed to you by The 
Layman. They are Extempore Prayer before & after Sermon, 
■& Meetings in private Houses for Worship. 

" In regard to y"* formei', I remember it to have been under- 
stood, in fruming y*" 34"" Canon, that it was considered as 
intended against mixing Prayers of the Minister with y*" pre- 
scribed Service. Further, as notwithstanding y*' more energetic 



t We are indebted to John Win. Wallace, Esq , President of the Historical 
Society of Pennsylvania, for this contribution, and tlie letter following it. 



IN BURLINGTON. 379 

Authority in y*" established Church of England, there has been 
allowed therein y^ Practice of praying before & after Sermon 
(some Ministers doing this very briefly in a Collect, & others 
more at length according to their own Conceptions) it seems to 
rae not wise to endeavour to restrain y'' Matter among us, by 
Ecclesiastical Authority. But when a Minister, because not 
prohibited, instead of a short Prayer confined to y'' Impressing 
of religious Instruction on y'' Minds of y'' People, branches out 
in Petitions for sundry Matters before solicited from y'' Desk, he 
could hardly give a more unequivocal Proof, that he has con- 
formed to y"* latter in meer compliance with ecclesiastical Laws ; 
<fe that he is now indulging himself in a way of Praying, more 
agreeable to his Taste. I have known this done sometimes from 
what manifestly appeared a Disrelish for our Church Service ; 
<fe at other Times, from y'^ coxcomical Vanity of Self-exhibition. 
In either Case, I believe, that all judicious Members of our 
Church entertain a Dislike of y" Practice. 

" As to the other Point, however moderately expressed by y" 
Layman, it is evidently intended to go to y'' Question of those 
religious Societies which in all y*' essential Properties of Social 
Worship, differ Nothing from an organized Assembly under y" 
Name of a Church. My Maxim has always been in Relation 
to such Societies, neither to encourage, nor to do any Thing to 
counteract them. I do not encourage them because, so far as 
my Knowledge of them extends, they have been conducted on 
such a Plan in y^ best of y** Cases, as is alien from what is 
esteemed a rational Worship by our Church ; & in most of 
y^ Cases have been a meer Exercise of what are called Gifts : 
several Persons praying in Succession, generally for y'^ same 
Things ; which I consider worthy of abhorrence. 

'' If it be asked, why I would not exert myself to counteract 
such Meetings; my principal Reason is, that of y*^ many which 
I have known from early Life to exist in this City, not one has 
lasted long. Which I take to have been principally owing to 
this, that Persons of real Piety & Virtue, after a while, discover 
that they have become associated with Persons so very fluilty m 
important Points that y'= Disrepute of their Characters lights on 



380 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

all y® Members of a Body, formed on y*" Principle of y^ Profes- 
sion of an extraordinary Degree of Piety. I will also remark 
that y*^ Advocates of such Societies are scarcely ever known to 
have a Relish for such Prayer-Meetings as are sanctioned by y® 
Laws & y*^ immemorial usages, of our Church. The Reason is 
evident, in y'' different Maxims by which y*' two Species of AVor- 
ship arc conducted. 

" I remain, 

" Your aff"^ Brother, 

" Wm : White." 



THE STATE OF ST. MARY's CHURCH. 

"A committee appointed by the Convention in the Diocess of 
New Jersey, in May, 1814, for the purpose of examining the 
state of the Church, in that diocess, and ascertaining what 
improvements have taken place, since the sitting of last General 
Convention : 

"With pleasure, proceed to the state of St. Mary's Church, 
at Burlington. This congregation, long respectable and flourish- 
ing, continues to preserve its rank among the first in the diocess, 
as well with respect to the number and piety of its members, as 
the value of its funds, and the decency and neatness of its 
Church. The latter has lately been enlarged, and very much 
improved and beautified by a new arrangement of its pulpit 
and pews. 

"From the last report of the Rev. Dr. Charles H. Wharton, 
its Rector, it appears that the congregation consists of fifty-six 
families and thirty-eight communicants; that the number of 
baptisms, since the last General Convention, has been sixty, and 
that, in November last, about thirty-six persons, were confirmed 
by the Right Rev. Bishop White." — Convention Journal. 

THE DEATH OF W^ILLIAM SMITH. 

" 1814, Oct. 1st. Buried William Smith, aged 84, a Vestry- 
man of this Church." — Parish Register. 



IX BURLINGTON. 381 

He is remembered as standing at the Church door, at Christ- 
mas, Easter, and Whitsunday, with a box to receive the quarterly 
oiferings of the people, t 

DR. AVHARTOX'S OX OFFICIATING AT MT. HOLLY. 

"Ocf 17*M814 

'' Gentlemex 

" The increasino; hardness of the times renders it necessary 
for me to look out for some additional sources of income to sup- 
ply the losses which my own little funds are continually ex- 
periencing. — The $600 paid me from the funds of the Church 
are not equivalent to the value of 300, 3 years ago — so that 
after considerable retrenchments, I foresee some embarrassment 
in my expenses. I have as yet made no arrangement in any 
quarter ; and although I do not conceive myself bound by my 
original engagement with the Vestry of this Church to officiate 
oftener than once every Sunday, yet the uniform kindness 
which I have experienced' from them for more than 16 years, 
and their willingness to contribute to my emoluments & com- 
fort as far as they have been able have induced me to mention 
my intention, & to request their approbation of an offer of part 
of mv services to another congregation of our Church. It has 
been intimated to me that the congregation at Mount Holly 
would readily accept of such an offer on my part; which would 
be to officiate in that Church every other Sunday morning, & 
then return to Burlington in time for afternoon service, except- 
ing in the months of December, Jan'y, February & March. 
During these months I would engage to attend occasionally only. 

"On this plan, divine service would be performed at least 
once a day on every Sunday throughout the year, and twice on 

J In the account book of that date are tliesc items — 

"1813 
Dec 25 By Collection at Christmas at the Door ?6.50 

1814 Communion Table, 7.88 14.38 

April 1 1 By Collection yesterday Easter Sunday 

at the door 5.85 

Communion Table 7.59 13.44 

May 13 Br Collection yesterday ("Whitsunday) 

at the door 2.86 

Communion Talkie 5.511 8.37^ 



382 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

every other Sunday for 8 months. Such are my present inten- 
tions, if the future state of my health should permit me to 
realize them, & should they meet with your chearful approbation. 
" I remain. Gentlemen, your sincere 

" friend & h'ble servant in Xt 

"Charles H. Whartox." 
" To the Vestry." 

SECOND ELECTION OF A BISHOP FOR XEW JERSEY. 

Aug. 30th, 1815. The annual Conventon of the Diocese of 
New Jersey, was held, in St. Michael's Church, Trenton. A 
sermon was delivered bv the Rev. Charles H. Wharton, D. D,, 
Rector of St. Mary's Church, Burlington. The Rev. John 
Croes, D. D., President of the last Convention, took the chair. 
The other clergy present were the Rev''^ John C. Rudd, of Eliz- 
abeth Town; Simon Wilmer, of S\vedesborough ; James Chaj)- 
man of Perth Amboy ; John Croes, Jun., of Shrewsbury ; Lewis 
Pintard Bayard, of Newark ; George Y. ]\Iorehouse, Deacon, of 
Mount Holly. 

Eighteen parishes were represented by lay-deputies, those 
from Burlington being Joshua M. Wallace, "William Coxe, and 
Jackson B. French. 

" The Rev. Mr. Rudd, by the sixth article, took the chair, as 
President. On motion of the Rev. Dr. Croes, it was resolved, 
tli^t the thanks of the Convention be presented to the Rev. Dr. 
Wharton, for his sermon delivered this day, at their request. 

" On motion, the Convention went into the election of a Bishop^ 
by orders, and the Rev. Messrs. Chapman, and Wilmer, and Rob- 
ert Boggs, Esq., were appointed a committee to receive and count 
the ballots. 

" The committee, after examining the votes, reported that there 
were, 

" For the Rev. John Croes, D. D., 4 Clergymen, 15 Churches. 

" For the Rev. Charles H. Wharton, D. D., 1 Clergyman, 5 
Churches ; and that, 

" The Rev. Dr. Wharton and the Rev. Dr. Croes did not vote.f 

fOnly two months previous, Dr. Croes had been elected to the Episcopate 
of Connecticnt. _ And while the committee of that Diocese were in correspon- 
dence witii their Bishop-elect, in regard to his support, consecration and 
removal, the Convention of New Jersey, elected him with great unanimity to 
the Episcopate of that Diocese. New Jersey was his home, and with 'two 
•nitres before him, he took the one M'hich would allow him to remain among 
his old friends. — BeardsleiJ s History of the Episcopal Church in Connecticut. 



IN BUKLIXGTOX. 383- 

" The election being in favour of the Rev. Dr. Crocs, the Con- 
vention proceeded to sign the Testimonial, required by the third 
Canon of the General Convention, f 

" The Convention, on motion, Avent into the election of a Stand- 
ing Committee, and of Deputies to the General Convention. For 
the Standing Committee, in addition to the President, who is ex- 
qfHcio President of that body, the following were appointed : 
the Rev. Dr. AVharton, Rev. John Croes, Jun., Rev. L. P. Bay- 
ard, Joshua M. Wallace, Robert Boggs, Isaac Lawrence, Isaac 
H. Williamson. 

" For Deputies to the General Convention : the Rev. Dr. 
Wharton, Rev. John C. Rudd, Rev. S. Wilmer, Rev. J. Chap- 
man, .Joshua M. Wallace, Josiah Harrison, William Chetwood,. 
Peter Kean." — Convention Journal. 

A SUNDAY SCHOOL ORGANIZED. 

In the spring of 1816, a Sunday School was organized, in 
St. Mary's Parish, in the building of the Burlington Academy, 
through the eiForts of Charles P. Mcllvaine, and others. Mr. 
Mcllvaine was then but a little more than seventeen years of 
age. On the first day of the opening of the Sunday School, 
about forty children were present, and six teachers, viz : Charles 
P. Mcllvaine, Thomas Aikman, Mary Wallace, Rachel Wal- 
lace, Susan Sterling, and Bertha S. Ellis. % 

PEOSPECTS FROM THE SUNDAY SCHOOL. 

Aug. 28th, 1816, the Rev. Dr. Wharton appends to his paro- 
chial report : " That the congregation is attentive and regular ;. 
and that, from the establishment of a Sunday School, consisting 
of about 150 persons, there is a promising prospect of a consid- 
erable accession to the Church." 

t The Eev. John Croes, D. D., Avas consecrated as the first Bishop of New 
Jersey, on Sunday, Nov. 19th, 1815, in St. Peter's Church, Philadelphia, by 
the Rt. Eev. William White, D. D., presiding Bishop, the Rt. Rev. John 
Henry Hobart, D. D., Assistant Bishop of New York, and the Rt. Rev. James 
Kemp, D. D., Sufiragan Bishop of Maryland. For a full biographical notice 
of Bishop Croes, see Sprague^s Annals^ pp^ 37.8-383. 

t Mrs. Davidson, formerly Bertha S. Ellis, communicated these facts to me- 
in Burlington, May 2oth, 1872. Cr. M. H. 



:^S4 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

C;iFT OF A EAPTISMAL BOWL. 

The Parish received a silver baptismal bowl, which, in Sep., 
1839, (together with a piece of silver presented by Mrs. Kath- 
•rine Pierce, in 1745,) was made into an alms bason, having on 
the bottom of it this inscription: "Presented by Elias Boudinot, 
LL. D., for the use of St. Mary's Church in Burlington, 1816." 

THE SUPPOET OF A P.ISHOP. 

Extract fro III the iiiinutes of St, Marijs Church, of Jan. Is/, 1817. 

*•' A circular letter to the Rev. Doctor Wharton, Rector, 
accompanied by a book containing an extract from the minutes 
of the Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the 
Diocess of \ew Jersey, respecting the mode of raising subscrip- 
tions for the support of a Bishop in this State, and recommending 
the circulation of subscriptions for said purpose, was laid before 
the Yestrv bv the Rector accordingr to the desire of a Committee 
•of the Vestry of the Church at New Brunswick, and requesting 
that suitable persons might be appointed by the Vestry of this 
Church to circulate a subscription book * through this Parish,' 
tfcc, &c. In consequence of which M. Hancock and Mr. Wal- 
lace M^ere appointed a committee for the said purpose." 
"A true Extract certified by 

" Joshua M. Wallace, /Sec'y." 

A LEGACY FOR CHANDELIERS. 

At the close of his Parochial Report for 1817, Dr. Wharton 
adds : " A legacy of 266 dollars has been left to the Church, by 
the late Miss Riche, to purchase chandeliers and branches for 
the Church, which purpose has been complied M'ith." Also, 
that " a new roof has been put on the Church the present sum- 



mer." 



STATE OF THE COXGREGATIOX. 



Aug. lOtli, 1818. The Rector appends to his parochial 
report these words : " Attendance at Church, tolerably regular, 
and becoming more so. No immoralities prevailing in the con- 
gregation, nor any dissensions to interrupt Christian love and 



IX BURLINGTON. 385 

harmony. It is con teni plated to institute a Tract Society, with 
a view to a general circulation of pamphlets, containing the doc- 
trines and devotional exercises of the Church." 

DEATH OF JOSHUA M. WALLACE. 

"1819, May 19th. Buried Joshua M. Wallace, an old and 
pious officer of this Church. He died on the 17th." — Parish 
Register. The following is the inscription on his altar-tomb : 

" In memory of Joshua Maddox Wallace, born October 4th, 
1752, died May 17th, 1819. A man of eminent piety, disin- 
terested Benevolence and active usefulness. A scholar and pro- 
moter of learning. Brought up in the bosom of the Church, 
and attached to her principles, he was ever active in her ser- 
vice, frequently in her councils, and for many years a Warden 
of this congregation." 

A LAY READER LICENSED FOR BURLINGTON. 

In the address of Bishop Croes to the Convention held Aug. 
18th, 1819, he says : " Licenses have been granted to Clarkson 
Dunn, a candidate in this Diocess to officiate as a Lay Reader, 
in the vacant churches at Woodbridge and Piscataway ; and to 
Charles Mcllvaine, a candidate in the Diocess of Pennsylvania, 
to officiate, in the same capacity, at St. Mary's Church, Burling- 
ton, in the absence of its Rector, the Rev. Dr. Wharton." 

DONATIONS TO THE EPISCOPAL FUND. 

At the same Convention, (1819,) the Rev. John C. Rudd, 
who was appointed at the preceding Convention to visit the 
congregations of the Diocese, and solicit donations to the Epis- 
copal Fund, reported the names of eleven Churches visited, in 
each of which, he says, " Divine Service was performed and he 
preached a sermon, and explained the object and design of his 
visit. When application was made in St. Mary's Church, Bur- 
lington, many of the congregation were absent, and other 
circumstances united to prevent as general a call upon the con- 
gregation as was intended." In his statement following we find 
this item: " St. Mary's, Burlington, subscribers 9-amount $85. 

Unpaid $2." 

2b 



386 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

RESIGNATIOX OF THE PARISH CLERK. 

"Burlington, April 20th, 1820. 
" Gentlemen of the Vestry of St. Mary's Church Burlington 
N. J., I beg leave respectfully to present the following consider- 
ations, in regard to the relations in which I stand to this Church. 
" As I have acted as Collector and Clerk,f I am somewhat 
acquainted with the state of the funds of the Church — as they 
are somewhat depressed — and as many highly respectable 
Churches have Jio Clerk — I have thought it my duty to present 
mv resio-nation, not from anv alienation of aifection to any mem- 
ber of your body or because of any supposed neglect, on the 
contrary I feel myself under strong obligations to the Vestry & 
congregation for their Friendship and Politeness. 
"Very Respectfully 

"your Humbel Servt. 

"Thos. Aikmax." 

subscriptions for a new organ. 

" The subscribers desirous of improving the worship in the 

Church by an Organ, J engage to pay the sura annexed to their 

respective names. 

"Burlington, June 21, 1820. 

"Mrs. Tace Wallace, $30; Mrs. Susan V. Bradford, ^30; 
Mrs. Watson, $20 : Mrs. McIIvaine, $15 ; Mr. John B. Wal- 
lace, $30 ; Mr. Tyler, $30 ; Mr. Robert Fielding, $20 ; Mr. 
^¥m. McIIvaine, $10 ; Mr. Wm. Watson, $10; Mrs. Keen, $5 ; 
Mr. Horace Binney, $20 ; Mr. Charles Chauncey, $10 ; Mr. 
Charles Bancker, $10 ; Mr. Wm. Griffith, $10 ; Mr. Levett 
Harris, $10 : Mr. John L. Harris, $5; Mr. J. B. French, $5 ; 

t "July 31, 1820. Eec'd from Jackson B. Frencli, Treasurer of St. Mary's 
Church, Forty Dollars for my salary as Clerk to said Church for the year 
ending at Easter 1820. 

"140. Thomas Airman." 

+ There had ))een, at least one organ, in the Church, before this, as the fol- 
lowing bills show : 

"Burlington 4tli April [1801] Received of Wm Coxe Esq Seven Pounds 
Two Shillings & Sixpence on account for work done at St Mary's Church for 
the Organ gallery having signed another receipt on the Account 
— Account Book. William T. Neal." 

" Reed. Aug lltli 1804 from William Coxe, Treasurer of St. Mary's Church 
Thirty Dollars for repairing & tuning the organ Charles Tans" 

I Account Book. ' 



IN BURLINGTON. 387 

Mr. Charles Kinsey, $5 ; Mr. John Birkey, $3 ; Mr. C. Felft, 
$2; Mr. Polheraus, §5; Mr. Jolm Larzelere, $5; Dr. AVm. 1. 
Coxe, §5 ; Mr. Henry Rogers, $5 ; Miss Maria Monnington, 
$2; Miss Ellen Hancock, $2.50; Miss Amy Hancock, $2.50 ; 
Mr. Adam Price, $2 ; Mr. David Allinson, $3 ; Miss Ann 
Monnington, $1.50 ; Mr. Joseph Mcllvaine, $10 ; Mrs. Ship- 
pen, $10 ; Mr. Robert Fielding, $100 ; Mrs. General Bloom- 
field, $50; Mr. John Ackerman, 25c.; Miss Bayard, $10. 
Total, $495.75." 

"backwardness towaeds baptism." 
Aug. 23d, 1820. The Rector appends to his annual paro- 
chial report, these words : " Attendance regular and devout. 
Attachment to the Church and her services, sensibly increasing, 
excepting a backwardness towards the sacrament of baptism, 
which the Rector has not been able, with all his efforts, to 
counteract." 

ALTERATIONS IX THE CHURCH. 

"On June 28th, 1821," says Bishop Croes in his address to 
the Convention, "I visited St. Mary's Church, Burlington, but 
did not perform any service, as the Church Avas undergoing 
alterations and repairs. The congregation of St. Mary's is in 
an increasing state ; and, through the liberality of its members, 
and the particular exertions of a lady, it has lately ornamented 
its Church and improved its sacred music, by the addition of a 
handsome organ." 

At the same Convention the Rector reports, "That the 
Church has been enlarged and improved ; that the congrega- 
tion is increasing, and in general, regular and attentive; that 
many of the pew-holders, however, neglect being baptized them- 
selves, or bringing their children to that Christian ordinance. 

ELIAS BOUDIXOT, LL. D. 

" 1821, Oct. 26th. Buried Elias Boudinot, former President 
of Congress." f — Parish Recjister. 



t His monument in St. Mary's Cluirchyard ha? this inscription : 
"Here lie the remains of the Hon. Eli'as Boudinot, LL. D., born Mav 2d, 
A. D. 1740, died Oct. 24th, A. D. 182L His life was an exhibition of fervent pietv, 



388 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

"Elias Boudiuot was born in Philadelphia, May 2, 1740, from 
French Huguenot ancestry, who came to America soon after the 
revocation of the Edict of Nantes. He received a good educa- 
tion, and entered upon the practice of the law in New Jersey. 
He early espoused the cause of the colonies in their differences 
with Great Britain, and in 1777 was appointed Commissary- 
General of prisoners, and in the same year elected a member of 
the Continental Congress. In 1782 he was made President of 
that body, and signed in 1783 our treaty of peace witli Great 
Britain. At a subsequent date he was elected a member of the 
Congress of the United States under the present constitution. 
In 1796 he was appointed by President Washington, Director 
of the Mint, an office which he held till 1805, wdieu he retired 
from all public employments, and fixed his residence in Burling- 
ton, and devoted himself to benevolent and literary pursuits. 
He became a trustee of Princeton College in 1805, and endowed 
it with a cabinet of natural historv. In 1812 he was a member 
of the A. B. C. F. M., and in 1816 was made the first President 
of the American Bible Society ; an institution in which he ever 
took great interest, and to which in a single donation he gave 
§10,000, a great sum of money at the time. His wife was a sis- 
ter of Richard Stockton, the signer of the Declaration, whose own 
wife was a sister of Mr. Boudindt. He had one child, a daughter, 
who became the wife of the Hon. AVilliam Bradford, Attorney- 
General of the United States in the presidency of Washington. 
Mr. Boudinot died at his residence, at the northwest corner of 
Talbot and Broad streets, in Burlington, October 24, 1821, and 
is buried in the grounds of St. JNIary's Church ; upon the 
services of which church he was a devout attendant from his 
coming to Burlington, in 1805, till his death." — John Wni. 
Wallace. 



of useful talent, and of extensive benevolence. His death was the triumph of 
Christian faith, the consummation of hope, the dawn and the pledge of endless 
felicity. 

" To those who knew him not, no words can paint ; 

"And those wlio knew him, know all words are faint. 
" ' Mark the perfect man, and behold the upright, for the end of that man is 
peace.'," 



IN BURLIXGTOX. 339 

MRS. GIBBES, BURIED. 

" 1822, July 22'' Buried Sarah Maxwel Gibbes, ^Vife of the 
Eev^ Alston Gibbes, of Charleston, S. C'— Parish Begisier.f 

A large mural tablet, of handsome design, is inserted in the 

south east wall of old St. Mary's Church, with this inscription : 

In Memory 
of 
SAEAH MAXWELL GIBBES, " ' 

daughter of 

Alex. E. Chisolm, 

and wife of 

Allston Giblies, 

of South Carolina, 

Lorn July, A. D. MDCCXCIII. 

Eichly endowed with Nature's gifts 

of mind, heart, and person ; 

with a sound judgment, and playful fancy, 

an amiable temper, and engaging manners; 

affable, but modest ; lively, but discreet ; 

a sincere and generous friend ; 

a pattern of filial duty and atiection ; 

a tender, faithful, and a loving wife : 

slie charmed the social circle, 

and blessed the domestic sphere ; 

equally admired, respected, and beloved 

a Christian in faith, in heart, and in life, 

reverencing God, and submissive to his will, 

she adorned his gifts with humility, 

and bore his inflictions with patience; 

and young in years, but ripe in virtue, 

worn with suffering, but firm in hojie, 

slie calmly sunk to rest, 

July XXI, An. Dom. MDCCCXXII; An. AET. XXIX. 

Fair, ]\Iodest, "Wise, Discreet, True, Generous, Kind, 
Pure, A'irtuous, Humble, Pious, Meek, Eesigned ; 
To Earth by Fate, by Faith to Heaven allied. 
She lived to bless, but to be blest she died. 



I 



This lady died at Bordentown, X. J., and her remains were brought, for 
interment in St. Mary's Churchyard. The headstone at her grave bears tliese 
•words : 

" Here resteth the mortal part of Sarah Maxwell Gibbes, Consort of the 
Eev. Allston Gibbes, of South Carolina, who calmly resigned a life of sorrow, 
whicli she adorned with every virtue, and met Death without fear, in firm 
.hopes of a happier home, July" 21st, A. D. 1822, An. AET. 29." 



390 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

MARRIAGE OF THE REV. CHARLES P. m'iLVAIXE. 

" 1822, Oct. 8th. Marriecl the Rev^' Charles P. Mcllvaine 
and Emily Coxe." — Parish Register. 

The Rt. Rev. Charles P. Mcllvaine, D. D., D. C. L., LL. D., 

for nearly forty years Bishop of Ohio, has favored us with the 
following communications : 

BISHOP m'iLVAIXE TO THE REV. DR. HILLS. 

"Cincinnati, April 1, 1872. 
" Rev. and dear Sir : — 

" I have received your kind letter of Thursday last, and pro- 
ceed to answer your enquiries. 

"I was born in Burlington, Jan. 18, 1799, where my 
mother's parents, Bowes Reed and Mrs. Reed, (the brother of 
Joseph Reed, of Phila., confidential Sec'y of Gen. Washington,) 
lived. My father's father, Joseph Mcllvaine, (Colonel in the 
Revolution,) lived at Bristol, where his grave is, 

" I was born in the brick house at the N. W. corner of Main 
and Broad streets, and lived, until I was about 14 years of age, 
in the white brick house on Main street, at the S. corner of the 
alley leading to the town Library. My father, (Joseph 
Mcllvaine,) built the house opposite the old Church, on Broad 
street, about the year 1813, and there I lived with my parents 
until I was ordained Deacon by Bishop White, July 4, 1820, 
and went to my first parish, Georgetown, Del. The graves of 
four generations of ray family — from the parents of my mother 
down to a daughter of my sister, Mrs. Commodore Engle — are 
in the grave yard of St. Mary's, including those of my parents 
and six brothers, of whom I am the only surviving brother. 
The graves of my wife's parents, (William and Rachel Coxe,) 
and of a brother, (Dr. Wm. Coxe,) and a sister, (Maria Coxe,) 
&c., are also there, behind the old Church, besides uncles, (Dr. 
Mcllvaine and Gen. Bloomfield and Mrs. B.,) and many cousins. 
My father and next elder brother, Bloomfield, died, in the 
house opposite the Church, in 1826 — in adjoining rooms, and 



IN BURLINGTON. 391 

on two adjoining days — and were placed in one grave, f I was 
baptized in the old Cluircli, by Dr. Wharton, in my loth year. 
My mother having scruples about presenting her children to 
baptism while not a communicant herself, (which she afterwards 
was,) explains why I was not baptized before. I have not the 
date, but it was in 1814, while I was in Princeton College. I 
received ray education, preparatory to College, in the Burling- 
ton Academy, an incorporated institution : the building stood 
on the ground now occupied by the new Church, and was taken 
down to make a place for that Church. The late liev. Chris- 
tian Hanckel, D. D., of Charleston, S. C, was one of my tutors. 
He succeeded his brother John in that school, as Master, whose 
grave (John's) and monument are in that grave yard. Dr. 
Wharton and my father, and my wife's father, Wm. Coxe, Esq., 
were Trustees of that Academy. My family all attended the 
ministry of Dr. Wharton, and I with them, until ordained, 
except when I was at Princeton ; indeed until I went to Col- 
lege, I had never seen the worship of any other denomination, 
except when a child taken by my nurse to the Baptist, or some- 
times, while a boy, looking in out of curiosity, at the old 
Methodist house in the alley above mentioned. I was a candi- 
date for orders four years, being too young to be ordained, 
before the expiration of that period, during which time, except 
18 months in the Theological Seminary of Princeton, (our 
Church then having no Seminary,) I lived in Burlington read- 
ing under Dr. Wharton. During that period I organized the 
Sunday School of St. Mary's Church, one of the first Sunday 
Schools organized in the United States. I superintended it, 
till I was ordained. Thos. Aikman, a very good Scotch Pres- 
byterian, (the Clerk of the Parish under Dr. Wharton,) was my 
chief male teacher. That school has continued to this day. 
Dr. Ellis's cousin, (Bertha S.,) was also a teacher. Also that 
dear Christian woman, Miss Neale, [youngest daughter of 
Thomson Neale,] who recently died in Burlington. 

t" 1826, Aug. 20th. Buried Joseph and Bloomfield McIIvfiine, father and 

son, in one grave." — Parish Register. 



392 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

" My wife's father, Mr. Coxe, (he was Treasurer and "Warden 
of St. Mary's,) lived until a short time before our marriage, in 
the brick house which he built on the bank, at the corner of "Wood 
street, afterwards sold to and inhabited by Horace Binney, Esq., 
ofPhila. My father's uncle, Dr. ^Ym. Mcllvaine, lived and 
died in the large house on the bank, which Mr. Charles Chaun- 
cey afterwards occupied, and where, before him, lived the grand 
parents, (John Griffith and M'ife,) of the present Rev. Dr. 
Francis Wharton. His mother grew up there. I was married 
at Sunbury, a country seat, (near the town,) where my father- 
in-law, Mr. Coxe, then lived, and which, I believe, has gone 
to decay. 

" One of the most precious graves in that dear old church-yard, 
(precious to the Lord of life,) is that of Maria Coxe, my wife's 
elder sister, whose Christian character and life were as precious 
ointment at the Saviour's feet, whose good works were as well 
known in Burlington as those of Dorcas, at Joppa. 

"While a candidate at Burlington, I officiated as a lay-reader 
at Bristol, during a vacancy in that parish, 

" Thus I believe I have answered your enquiries. I have been 

thus particular in order to show how I have been identified with 

Burlington and St. Mary's, and how dear its associations are to 

me, and how 'I look for the resurrection of the dead,' in that 

grave-yard. 

" I remain, 

" Your friend and brother, 

" Chas. p. McTlvaine. 

"Bev. Geo. Morgan Hills, D. D. 

" P. S. — I might have said that in a few weeks after I was 

ordained by Bishop White, (in St. Peter's, Phila.,) I preached 

for Dr. Wharton, in St. Mary's, and many times afterwards. 

The last time I preached there, was in the old Church, before 

the new was begun." 

BISHOP m'iLVAINE TO THE KEY. DR. HILLS. 

"Cincinnati, April 9, 1872. 
" Rev. and dear Sir : — 

" I am glad to learn from your letter of the 4th, that you are 

engaged on a history of the Burlington Church. — You ask if 



IN BURLINGTON. 393 

you ^may incorporate my letter, or the main portion of it.' — 
Though it was written without any idea that you were prepar- 
ing a history, and I went so much into detail, solely for the pur- 
pose of showing you, how very much, my personal history is con- 
nected with Burlington, I have no objection to your incorporat- 
ing it ^ in the main.'' * * 

" You ask whether I originated as well as organized the Sun- 
day School. It came in this way. While I was in College in 
Princeton, one of my class-mates, John Newbold, of Phila., 
(who in graduating became a candidate for orders, but died 
before he could be ordained,) on returning to College from a 
vacation, brought to us students an account of a Sunday School 
he had attended in Philadelphia. It was in the very beginning 
of Sunday Schools in this country. He brought specimens of 
the blue and red tickets used. A number of the students in 
College formed a S. S. Society and raised a fund of about §400, 
of which I, (then in my 17th year,) was made Treasurer. AYe 
set up four Schools in and about Princeton. I and John New- 
bold, and (I think) the present Dr. Hodge, of Princeton, and 
the present Bishop Johns, (a class-mate of Dr. Hodge, and both 
a year before me,) were teachers in diiferent Schools. My first 
extempore address, was then made to the School I was detailed 
to, in a barn of what was called Jug Town, a suburb of Prince- 
ton. Going home in 18 16, the project of the Burlington School 
oricrinated. Such a thing had never been heard of in Burling- 
ton. I first obtained Dr. Wharton's approbation, and then 
began to talk it up. Mr. Aikman, the Clerk of the Church co- 
operated. I must here correct what I said about my superin- 
tending the School. This I did in the time, (one year,) between 
my graduating and returning to Princeton to enter the Theolog- 
ical Seminary, when I thus returned to Princeton, Mr. Aikman 
became superintendent. The organization took place and the 
School was always held in the Academy — as long, I believe, as 
Dr. Wharton continued Rector — and how much longer I do not 
know. 

"The organization took place in the spring of 181G. Con- 
sider that I was then only 17 years of age — and therefore almost 
all concerned, except as pupils, must have been older — And as 



394 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

I am now in my 74th year, it is not likely that any body lives 
who was actively concerned in those things then. I wan not 
aware that ray name has been taken by one of the classes, but I 
am much pleased to know it now. I intended to say, in connec- 
tion with the old Rectors, that my dear mother was baptized by 
one of them in infancy. I have distinct recollection of hearing 
her speak of him, but do not remember his name. Perhaps her 
name is in the Register, Maria Reed.'\ 

"Seeing that the old Church was not to be kept as a Church, 
it seems a pity that it had not been allowed to remain in the 
form and furniture of its pristine Anglican origin. I remem- 
ber it well, a straight sided Church, without any side projection, 
standing East and West, with a gallery and organ and clerk's 
desk at the West end, chancel at the East, entrance on the 
South side, and a door to the yard on the North, pulpit and read- 
ing desk before it against the North wall, and about two-thirds 
of the extent towards the East, an immense baptismal font, with 
a great mahogany cover rising from all sides to a point, a pew- 
ter basin inside. It stood under the gallery. There were 
grave stones, as in English Churches, in the one aisle where two 
or three of the former generations were buried. — When the old 
Church was transformed to what is now called the old Church, 
these stones were taken up and put at the South, near the East 
end, and at the East end. But an internal change, had taken place 
before that transformation, somewhere about 1811. The old pul- 
pit, and desk with its English sounding-board had been taken 
down, and a new and outlandish thing, (a carpenter's device,) had 
been put up at the East end with desk before it, and a little 
closet of a robing room under it. 

" In the real old Church remained till tliat change, the old 
pew of the Governor of the Province in Colonial times, large, 
square, elevated, high sided, [with a canopy upheld by pillars,] 
standing in the S. E. corner. The Griffith family occupied it 
before the change, and our pew was next, but one. West. 

" It is an interesting part of this history that until after 1832, 
there being no Presbyterian congregation in Burlington, (only 

fThe Parish Reg iste7' contains this entry in the handwriting of Dr. Odell* 
"Baptized, Decern. 5, 1775, Maria, of Bowes & Margaret Reed, born Novr- 



IN BURLINGTON. 39-5 

a Baptist, Quaker and Methodist,) the Presbyterians attended 
at St. Mary's, and had no thought of any thing else. Thus 
Thos. Aikman, the Clerk, Dr. Boudinot, Mr. Bradford, his 
daughter, two cousins of my mother, Misses Reed sisters of Joseph 
Reed, of Phila., and daughters of Gen. Reed, mentioned in my 
last letter, also General Bloomfield, for many terms Governor of 
the State, who married Dr. Mcllvaine and my grandfather' ssister. 

" Your friend and brother, 

"Chas. p. MclLVAINE.t 
" The Rev. Geo. JMorgan Hills, D. D." 

GEN. BLOOMFIELD. 

" 1823, Get. 5th. Buried Gen. Joseph Bloomfield." — Parish 
Register. 

MARRIAGE OF THE REV. MR. HALL. 

" 1824, March 2'' Married in the Church, the Rev'^ M' 
Hall and Sarah Lucas."— Prt>-/s/« Register. [This was the Rev. 
Richard D. Hall, who died at Mount Holly, July 2Sth, 1873, 
ao;ed 84 vears.] 

THE CONDITION OF THE PARISH. 

Auo-. 18, 1824. The Rector adds to the statistics of his paro- 
chial report : *' That devout attention is in general paid to 
Divine service, and to the rubrics of the Church, that an associ- 
tion of Young Ladies has been formed in aid of the Missionary 
Fund, and as the fruit of their edifying industry, a respectable 
sum has been raised. It is believed, and is a subject of humble 
thanksgiving to the Divine Head of the Church, that a spirit of 
genuine religion is increasing in this congregation. It may be 
well to specify in this report the sum raised by the association 
of Young Ladies of Burlington, which has only been in exist- 
ence for the last six months. By the most incessant exertions 
they have raised §75, $50 of which they have appropriated to 
constituting their Rector a Patron of the General Domestic and 
Foreign Missionary Society, and the balance $25 to the N. J. 
Missionary Fund. The Rector reports further, that on every 
Wednesday evening he delivers a lecture on the Acts of the 
Apostles, which is respectfully attended."^ ^ 

t Bishop Mcllvaine died in Enrope, March r2th, 1873. 



39G HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

EDWARD SHIPPEX "WATSON. 

" 182G, May 1st. Baptized Edward Ship]>en "Watson, an 
Inflint." — Parish Bcgister. [Afterwards ordained in St. Mary's 
Chureli ; and now (1876) Rector of St. James' Church, Lancas- 
ter, Pa.] 

THE DEATH OF WILLIAM GRIFFITH, ESQ. 

"June 8th, 1826. Buried William Griffith." Such is the 
record, in the handwriting of Dr. ^Yharton, in the first Parish 
Pegister. 

"Mr. ^Villiam Griffith was one of the Justices of the Circuit 
Courts of the United States as constituted by what was called 
Mr. Adams's Judiciary Act of 1801 ; au organization of the 
Kational Courts, which Mr. Binuey f tells us was deemed, by 
wise meu of all sides, the happiest organization of our Federal 
Judiciary, but Mdiich, he says, ' having grown up amidst the 
contentions of party, was not spared by that which spares noth- 
ing.' On the election of President Jefferson, the whole court 
was abolished; 'and Judges who had received their commissions 
during good behavior were deprived of their offices without the 
imputation of a fault.' The bench in the 3rd circuit, (the cir- 
cuit comprising Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware,) was 
composed of William Tilghman, afterwards well known as Chief 
Justice of Pennsylvania ; Richard Basset, of Delaware ; and Wil- 
liam Griffith, of JS^ew Jersey. The first of these is an historic 
name, and the second is sufficiently known. Mr. Griffith's 
deserves not less honor than has been paid to either of them. 
He was a native of New Jersey, and resided at Burlington, in 
which city he died, in June, 1826. • ' It would be difficult,' 
said an accomplished literary character of Xew Jersey, his friend, 
the Rev. Charles Henry Wharton, D. D., ' to form a wish for 
more splendid talents, more professional acquirements, more 
ardent and unsophisticated attachment to his country, than 
shone conspicuously in the character of William Griffith. He 
was literally a father to the fatherless, a friend to the widow, 
and a beneflictor to the distressed of every description. The 

t Eulogy on "William Tilgham, p. 11, PhiladelDhia, 1S27, 



IX BURLIXGTON. 39r 

pleasure of doing good was the reward of his otherwise unpaid 
services. Selfishness, even in its most allowable form, seemed 
scarcely to constitute a feature of his character. He appeared 
only to live for his family and friends.' The Corporation of 
Burlington, of which city, at the time of his death, he was 
Mayor, ' deeply deploring the loss of his great talents, public 
services, and exalted worth,' justly, ^declared him entitled to 
the highest esteem and regard ; ' and the Assembled Bar of his 
native State — Mr. Richard Stockton being at that time its lead- 
ing member, and the originator, I presume, of this honorable 
testimonial — expressed as their united sense that ' while circum- 
stances which he could not control, had deprived the latter years 
of a useful life of the fruits of a long, able, and honorable prac- 
tice at the bar, they yet reflected with pride and satisfaction, 
upon his eminent talents, his personal virtues, the fortitude that 
sustained, and the integrity that guided his conduct in the trying 
scenes of his life.' Mr. Griffith was the author of a most useful 
and accurate work, of an ephemeral kind unfortunately, and 
never completed, called 'The United States Law Register'; as also 
of a smaller volume of great practical use to the inferior magis- 
tracy of his native State, called 'The New Jersey Justice of 
the Peace.' A biography of Mr. Griffith is contained in a 
recently published volume of the Lives of eminent lawyers of his- 
State." — Wallace's American Reporters. 

DR. Wharton's resolutions in convention. 

May 28th, 1828. The annual Diocesan Convention was held, 
in St. Mary's, Burlington, the Rt. Rev. Bishop Croes, presiding. 
The lay-deputies from Burlington, were William Coxe, Andrew 
Allen, John H. Carr, and Dr. W. S. Coxe. The Rev. George 
Weller, of Pennsylvania, Secretary of the Domestic and For- 
eign Missionary Society^ and the Rev. Wm. R. Whittingham, f 
of Xew York, Secretary of the Gen, Prot. Epis. S. S. Union, 
were invited to seats. 

On motion of the Rev. Dr. Wharton, the following resolu- 
tion was unanimously adopted : 

t The Rev. Wm. R. AVluttingham, Avas consecrated Bi.shop of Maryland,. 
Sep. 17th, 1840. 



398 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

^'Whereas, it is a clistiiiguisbing feature of our Church, that 

she adopts a form of Common Prayer in lier public worship ; 

and whereas, such prayer evidently implies a union of devout 

and audible voices, both in the congregation and the minister ; 

therefore, 

B,esohed, That it be earnestly recommended to all the congre- 
gations in this Diocese to repeat distinctly, all the responses and 
prayers, as the Rubric directs." 

The Rev. Dr. Wharton moved the following resolution, 
which was unanimously adopted : 

" Resolved, That this Convention highly approve of the object 
and designs of the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society 
of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of 
America ; and recommend it to the attention and patronage of 
the members of the Oiiurch in this Diocese." 

DEATH OF THE WIDOW OF BISHOP JARYIS. 

" 1829, May 7th. Buried at Trenton, Mrs. Lucy Jarvis, who 
died most edifyingly at Burlington, May 5th." — Parish Register. 
[This was the widow of the Rt. Rev. Bishop Jarvis, of Con- 
necticut.] 

A RE-ARRANGEMENT OF PEAV RENTS. 

" At a meeting of the vestry of S' Mary's Church in the city of 
Burlington, held May 31, 1831, their attention was called to 
the state of the pew rents, which appeared not to have been for 
some years according to any uniform ratio, and it Avas proposed 
to appoint a committee to consider & report upon the subject. 
M"" James H. Sterling & D'' William S. Coxe were designated 
for this purpose, who not coinciding in their views, at a subse- 
quent meeting in June 1831 submitted two separate reports. 
The following, being that of D"" W" S. Coxe, was adopted by 
the vestry. 

"The undersigned, one of the committee appointed at a meeting 
of the vestry on the 31" ult. to digest such a mode of arranging 
the pew-rents as may be convenient and at the same time just, 
respectfully reports, that it would be difficult and perhaps im- 
possible to effect any immediate and material alteration that 
would not be liable to occasion dissatisfaction and complaint. 
He therefore proposes that no other change should be now made 
than to put the pew numbered 22 at an annual rent of §9.00 
and that numbered 11 at S14.00. 



IN BURLINGTON. 399 

" With a view to the ultimate adoption of such an arrangement 
as may be clesirabloj it is proposed that a list of the present pew- 
holders be made out, designating the particular pews or frac- 
tions of such pews as they respectively hold, and the amount of 
rent now paid by each individual on the list, but including the 
alterations before suggested ; that this list be inserted in the 
treasurer's book as a permanent standard of reference ; that as 
long as such pew-holders shall continue to hold the pews or 
parts of pews for which they shall appear responsible on this 
list, they shall continue to pay the sums attached to their re- 
spective names and no more, unless a uniform addition be made, 
or a per centage added to the rent of each pew ; that for any 
addition to the number of seats for which any one shall appear 
responsible on the aforesaid list, or in case of a removal to 
another pew, or of a change in the name of the responsible pew- 
holder even in the same family, or in the case of every new 
engagement for a pew or part of a pew, the rate of renting in all 
such cases to be conformable to the arrangement now to be pro- 
posed. 

" The uniform mode of rating the pew-rents which is proposed 
to be thus gradually adopted, is to establish the annual rents of 
the eleven eastern pews on the southern side of the aisle as here- 
tofore at 116.00 : in receding from the pulpit, each one beyond 
these to be successively one dollar less than that immediately 
before it to N° 13 ; this pew to be rated at §10.00, and the same 
progressive diminution of one dollar in the annual amount of 
rent to continue thenceforth to the western end of the church : 
on the north side, the eleven eastern pews to be rated at §15.00; 
beyond these the rent to lessen one dollar for each pew in suc- 
cession to N^ 22 ; this and N" 21 to be at $9.00 ; N° 20 to be at 
^8.00; N° 19 at $7.50, N" 18 at $7.00, and N" 17 at $6.50. 
*' Each pew hereafter rented, to be reckoned at six sittings, and 
every person (henceforward) engaging for a single sitting, to pay 
one fifth part of the sum at which the whole pew is rated, and 
every person engaging for two or more sittings to pay one sixth 
part of the total annual rent of the pew for every sitting in such 
pew for which he or she may become responsible. This as well 



400 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 



as the former part of the arrangement it is proposed to apply to 
all the cases specified in the conclusion of the second paragraph 
of this report ; all of which is respectfully submitted. — 

" William S. Coxe one of \ 

the committee, j 

" St Mary's church 



Burlington X. J. June 



1831.—" 



t'c 



SECOXD DIAGRAM OF ST. MARY S CHURCH. 

A diagram, in the archives of the Parish, represents the 
Church, at this date, thus : 








1 




S15 00. 


34 \^ 


S15 00. 


33 


$15 00. 


32 


$15 00. 


31 


$15 00. 


30 


$15 00. 


29 


115 00. 


28 


$15 00. 


27 


S15 00. 


26 


N. E. new 


pew, $15 


N.w. new 


pew, $15 


$14 00. 


25 


$13 00. 


24 


$12 00. 


23 


$9 00. 


22 r 


$9 00. 


21 


$8 00. 


20 


$7 50. 


19 


$7 00. 


18 


S6 50. 


17 




1 



-'1 



$10 00. 



$16 00. 



$16 00. 



$16 00. 



$16 00. 



$16 00. 



$16 00. 



$16 00. 



9 



$16 00. 



s. E. new pew, $16 



s. w. new pew, t 



10 



$1S 00. 



11 



$14 00. 



12 



$13 00. 



n 



13 



$10 00. 



14 



$9 00. 



15 
16 



$8 00. 



$7 00. 



a. Pulpit, b. Eeading Desk. e. Holy Table, d. Font. e. Kector's Chair. 
/. Chancel, g. West Door. h. Staircase to Gallery, i. i. Pillars supporting 
gallery across the West end. ^ "^ _ 

The robing-closet was under the pulpit ; as, it is believed, it was, under the 
former arrangement. 



IX BURLINGTON. 



401 



DEATH OF BISHOP CEOES. 

The Rt. Rev. John Croes, D. D., first Bishop of tlic Diocese- 
of New Jersey, departed this life at his residence in New Brnns- 
wick, July 30th, 1832, in the 71st year of his age, and the 17th 
of his Episcopate. 



ELECTIOX OF THE SECOXD BISHOP OF NEW JERSEY. 

A "second adjourned Convention," was held in Christ 
Church, New Brunswick, October 3d, 1832; the Rev. Frederick 
Beasley, D. D., of Trenton, President of the Convention, 
preached, and administered the Lord's Supper. Sixteen clergy- 
men were present, and lay-deputies from twenty- two parishes ; 
those from Burlington being John H. Carr and Dr. William S. 
Coxe. In the afternoon the Convention ])rocecded to ballot for 
a Bishop, with the following result : 



For the 



BALLOTS. 



1st 



2d 



3d 



4th ! oth 



6th 



C LC 



4 

5 
9 



LC 

t; 5 



Eev. John Croes f 

" AVilUaiii Creigliton, D. D....I 2 

" "Will. Heathcote DeLancev, 

D. D ;.. 1 

" Jackson Kemper, D. D 2 

" Frederick Beasley, D. D 1 

" George Washington Donne. ... 

'; h'amuel H. Turner, D.D.... 1 

'■ J ames Montgomery, D. D 

" John Johns I 2 

" William Berrian, D.D...... I 1 'i ... 

" James Chapman ] 2 ... 

" Clarkson Dunn 1 i 



LC 



LC 

5 1 



LC 

4 1 



L 



1 
2 

2 
1 
1 



2 
3 
5 



2 
2 

8 
1 
1 



5 1 



3 



10 

1 1 

1 



o 
1 
3 

y 11 

i 1 

1 



1 

■3 
12 



The Rev. George ^yashington Doane, I was then " unani- 
mously declared Bishop-elect of the Diocese of New Jersev." 



t Son of the late Bishop, and bearing his name. 

J George Washington Doane, son of Jonathan Doane, was born in Trenton, 
X. J., May 27th, 1799; graduated at Union College, Schenectadv, in 1818; 
became a candidate for Holy Orders, in the diocese of ]S^ew York, in 1819 : 
was ordained Deacon, by Bishop Hobart, in 1821, and Priest, bv the same 
Prelate, in 1823 ; united with Kev. Mr. (afterwards Bishop) Upfold, in organ- 
izing what became St. Luke's Church, N. Y. ; was chosen Prolessor of Beiles- 
Lettres and Oratory, in "Washington (now Trinity,) College, Conn., in 1824; 
became Assistant Minister of Trinity Church, Boston, in 1828 ; and Rector of 
the same, in 1830 ; whence he was elected to the Episcopate of New Jersev. 

2c 



402 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

MARRIAGE OF THE REV. CHAUXCEY COLTOX. 

" 1832, Oct. loth. Married the Rev. Chauncey Colton and 
Anne Coxe." — Parish .Register. [Xow (1876) the Rev. Dr. 
Colton, of Pennsylvania.] 

FOUR BISHOPS COXSECRATED AT THE SAME TIME AXD PLACE. 

The Rev. John H. Hopkins, D. D., Bishop-elect of Ver- 
mont ; the Rev. Benjamin B. Smith, D. D., Bishop-elect of 
Kentucky ; the Rev. Charles P. McHvaine, D. D., Bishop-elect 
of Ohio; and the Rev. George W. Doane, Bishop-elect of New 
Jersey ; were respectively consecrated to the office of Bishop^ 
in St. Paul's Chapel, in the city of New York, on Wednes- 
day, Oct. 31st, 1832, by the Rt. Rev. William White, D. D., 
Presiding Bishop, other Bishops assisting as follows : — in 
the consecration of the Rev. Dr. Hopkins, Bishops Griswold and 
Bowen ; in the consecration of the Rev. Dr. Smith, Bishops 
Brownell and H. U. Onderdonk : in the consecration of the 
Rev. Dr. McHvaine, Bishops Griswold and Meade; and in the 
consecration of the Rev. Mr. Doane, Bishops B. T. Onderdonk 
and Ives. 

BISHOP DOAXE's FIRST ORDIXATIOX. 

"Wednesday, December, 12th, 1832, I took the steani-boat 
early in the morning for Burlington. Preached in St. Mary^s 
Church, the visitation sermon, the Rev. Mr. Ward, reading the 
morning service : Admitted Mr. Peter L. Jaques to the holy 
order of deacons : the candidate being presented by the Rev. 
Mr. AVard, — the Rev. Dr. Wharton, the venerable Rector, 
assisting at the Communion; and the Rev. Mr. Morehouse 
being also present. The Rev. Mr. Jaques f was authorized to 
preach, and appointed missionary to the Churches in Warren 
county." — Bishop Doane's Episcopal Address, 1833. 

BISHOP DOAXE RESIDEXT AT BURLIXGTON. 

" It was my purpose, with the Divine permission, to have 
effected, before the present meeting of the Convention, another 
complete visitation ; when circumstances of a domestic nature 

fThe Rev. Mr. Jaques now (187G) resides at Plainfiekl,, N. J. 



I 



IN BURLINGTON. 403 

induced the conviction, that it was best to accomplish previously 
the removal of my family to the diocese. This has been done, 
and we are for the present resident at Burlington. 

"On the evening of Wednesday, the ITth day of April, 1833, 
I preached in St. Mary's Church, Burlington, and administered 
confirmation to Uoelve persons. And on the 5th of May, the 
only Sunday that I have been at home since my residence at 
Burlington, I had great pleasure in assisting my reverend 
brother, the venerable Rector, by preaching twice." — Episcopal 
Address, 1833. 

DEATH OF THE EEV. DK. WHARTON. 

" The Rev. Charles Henry AVharton, D. D., departed this life 
on Tuesday, 23 July, 1833, in the 80th year of his age, the 61st 
of his Ministry, and 36th of his Rectorship of St. Mary's Church, 
Burlington. ' Precious in the sight of the Lord is the death of 
his saints.' He was interred, by the side of the Church, f on 
Thursday, 25 July, the Bishop of the diocese performing the 
service, which was attended by the venerable Presiding Bishop, 
Dr. AVhite, and by several of the Clergy, as well as by the 
Avhole Congregation. A funeral service was preached by Bishop 
Doane, in St. Mary's Church, on Sunday, 4 August, from St. 
Luke XX. 36 — 'Neither can. they die any more,' — which, by 
request of the congregation, was printed. — G. W. D." — ^Parish 
Register. 

REMINISCEXSES OF DR. AVHARTON's RECTORSHIP. 

Under the signature of "A Parishioner," Mr. John Hulme 
contributed to the Church Journal, in 1863, some reminiscences 
entitled " The Old Parish Church," from which we extract 
the following : — 

"The old Church (as I first remember it,) stood j)arallel witli 
Broad street, with the chancel at the East end, and only one 



f'The Rev. Charles Henry Wharton, D. D., was interred, near tlie south 
wall of the Church, — in what,\vhen the door was at the side, was the pathway 
by which he entered it. The entrance being now restored to the west end, 
and vestry rooros erected back of the pulpit, his remains rest beneath them, 
behind the chancel." — Bp. Doane. 



404 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

door at the West eud, opening to the one long narrow aisle, on 
each side of which were the old-fashioned high-backed pews. 
Tliere was a narrow gallery at the West end over the door, in 
the centre of which and projecting from the wall, in the form of 
a half circle, was the organ gallery, enclosing the small, but 
sweet toned organ, and on each side of the organ were seats for 
the Sunday School. The open belfry containing the honored old 
bell, bearing the date '1769,' was then on the West end of the 
Church. 

" Dr. Wharton was required to give only the Sunday morn- 
ing service, but generally the Church was open for evening ser- 
vice on Sunday afternoon. — There was no announcement of the 
services except by the bell ; if the bell did not ring at 8 o'clock 
in the morning of Sunday, there was no service. If it did not 
ring while the people were leaving the Church after morning- 
service, there was no evening service. The bell in those days 
could be heard not only over the town, but at the distance of 
four miles in the country. In the Winter the Church was 
warmed by two old fashioned stoves, for Avood, one at each end 
of the building, with the pipe protruding through the window. 
At the time of 'the people's bell,' as it was called, twenty min- 
utes past ten, the sexton might be seen hurrying to and from 
the stove to the pews, with little square boxes pierced on the 
top with small holes, whicl^ contained hot ashes and coals to 
warm the feet. Then he ascends to the gallerv, takes hold of 
the bell-rope, and fixes his eyes upon the Rectory, which is in 
view from the large old-fashioned windows in the gallery. At 
this time the lady organist perches herself upon the high music 
stool, the boy is at the bellows -handle, and all await the Rector. 
And soon the venerable-looking man appeared; short in stature, 
with a firndy knit frame, his small, well-turned head thinly 
covered by his silvered locks, with a pleasant and genial face, 
and a smile which spoke only love to all. He is first seen issu- 
ing from the Rectory, and approaching the Church with his 
peculiar, quick, short step. Just when he is opposite the old 
Academy, the Sunday School children come rushing forth, and 
the sexton begins the last or 'minister's bell.' The. old Rector 



IX BURLINGTON. 405 

has a smile for each of the teachers, puts his hand upon the head 
and blesses all the children within reach, but on the boys and 
girls go, rushing up the one narrow, uncarpeted gallery staircase 
with barely time to be seated and quiet, before the Rector arrives 
at the door. Then the bell ceases, the little organ pours forth 
its sweet notes, and the sexton descends to follow the Rector 
up the one narrow aisle, who goes bowing to every one whose 
eve he can catch. 

" I can remember how the Rector kept Good Friday. On 
that solemn day Pulpit, Reading Desk, and Communion Table, 
stripped of their rich crimson covering, stood forth naked and 
bare ; and the congregation wore black clothing. On Christ- 
mas Eve, in the Rector's time, the bell would ring forth at ten 
o'clock, and would be rung at intervals all night long, the 
parishioners sending to the vestry room refreshments for the 
ringers. On Christmas Day the Rector had both morning and 
evening service, and as it was the only occasion when the Church 
Avas open at night throughout the year, it was usually crowded. 
The Church was always dressed for Christmas, and the manner 
of dressing it was this : the sexton having bored holes in the 
tops of the pews about two feet apart, would insert first a branch 
of laurel, then of spruce, and then of box; and the congregation 
might be said to be sitting in, and surrounded by, a miniature 
forest, ^yreaths of ground, or running, pine were festooned over 
the hangings of the Pulpit and Reading Desk, and a wreath 
twined around the chancel rails. Then the two beautiful chan- 
deliers of cut glass, with pendant drops, were also dressed with 
wreaths of running pine; they contained a double row of wax 
candles, which shed a rich mellow light on all around. There 
were branches with wax candles on the Pulpit and Reading 
Desk ; and in addition to these, in the back of every alternate 
pew, the sexton stuck a little tin candlestick, into which he put 
a tallow candle. 

"The Communion in his time was administered four times in 
a year, and the Ante-Communion Service was only read at 
these times. 

" It was a beautiful, calm July morning, when many persons 



406 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

might be seen standing in groups around the old parish Church. 
Their conversation is in low tones, as they look anxiously and 
sadly towards the Rectory. Close by the side of the Church, 
(the spot now covered by the vestry-room,) there yawns a new- 
made, open grave. The sexton is seen hurrying about here and 
there, and from his hat there streams a long black Sveeper,' as 
it was then called. One of the sexton's stalwart sons has 
climbed up into the belfry, and there sits by the dear old bell, 
with eyes intent upon the Rectory. We look into the old 
Church, and the beautiful crimson hangings are displaced, and 
from Pulpit, Desk, and Communion Table the deepest black de- 
pends, and the old Rector's pew is lined with black. The red 
curtains in the half circle around the organ-loft are gone, and 
black ones take their place. We leave the Church and move 
on towards the Rectory. In the yard, drawn up before the old 
Academy, are the Sunday-School children, but now their voices 
are subdued and hushed, and the teachers with them are dressed 
in mourning. We look towards the Rectory, and, from an open 
side door, we see persons continually passing in and out with 
weeping eyes. And now the sound of the bell falls upon the 
ear. Its strokes are slow and solemn, for the dear old bell is 
muffled, — and soon the old Rector is seen approaching. Seen, did 
I say? Alas ! never more to be seen in this M'orld. He is in 
his coffin, borne on the shoulders of his faithful Vestry, while 
some of the diocesan clergy are the pall-bearers. At the head 
of the procession are seen two remarkable men ; one a tall, at- 
tenuated form, with thin, long white locks of hair pushed 
behind the ear, and his once erect form bowed down with the 
weight of more than fourscore years. He comes from an adjoin- 
ing Diocese, and is the great patriarch of the Catholic Church 
in America. The other is the tall, erect, majestic form of the 
new Bishop of the Diocese. The old parish Church is crowded 
to sufltbcation. The Bishop of the Diocese read the Service in 
the Church, and the Patriarch, with his feeble voice, committed 
the Body of the Rector to the ground. 

" The old Rector was sick some three weeks, the Bishop vis- 
ited him and conversed with him, but the old man dwelt upou 



IN BURLINGTOX. 407 

just this theme: ' I have no merits; I have no merits of my 
own. God forbid that I should glory, save in the Cross of our 
Lord Jesus Christ.' " 

A jurist's testimony of de. aviiaetox. 

The Hon. Horace Binney, writing of Dr. Wharton, from 
Philadelphia, Oct. 14, 1856, says: — 

" I saw him frequently in the latter part of his life, and heard 
hiui regularly during my summer residence at Burlington ; but 
when I first knew him, he was seventy years of age, his health 
was feeble, and though I met him occasionally in the societv of 
the place, and in my own house, I had no opportunity of knoM'- 
ing him to the extent or in the way which alone would have 
given me the means of writing a characteristic account of him. 

" I had a most agreeable impression of his eminently well- 
bred manners and carriage — of the quiet tone of his conversation, 
and of his occasional flashes of gentle humour, with the least 
possible infusion of satire in them to give them the more point. 
I thought I discerned in him at all times the influence of the 
foreign College in which he had received his religious education, 
in tonins: down his manners and conversation so as to obliterate 
from them every thing abrupt, or angular, or strikingly salient. 

^' His height in mid-age must have been, I think, five feet, 
five or six inches. In the advanced age at which I knew him, 
his head drooped a little, and his person inclined in the same di- 
rection for some distance below the shoulders. He did not 
stoop, but he was a little bent. His form was slight and vale- 
tudinary, but without emaciation. His eyes were, I think, 
pale-blue or gray, his complexion fair, and the anterior part of 
his rather fine head was bald. He wore powder, and his dress 
was at all times scrupulously neat and appropriate. I do not 
recollect a more gentlemanly figure, or a more benevolent and 
trustworthy countenance. As he used to pass up the aisle, the 
only aisle, of the old Church, on Sundays, to the chancel at the 
Eastern end,, in his black gown, powdered hair, and hat in hand, 
inclinino; with a gentle bow to the one side and the other, towards 



408 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

the parishioners whom he saw iii the pews to receive him, no- 
thing could be more gracious and paternal. 

" The services were read well — not with a strong voice, but 
distinctly, nor with much emphasis on any part, but without 
monotony. His manner of reading, whether of the services or 
the sermon, was not impressive, but it was in a pure tone, that 
perfectly conveyed and seconded the meaning of what he read. 
In repeating the prayers, he was devout and self-collected, but not 
impassioned. All his sermons were good and instructive, but 
not frequently drawn from the depths of his learning, either 
theological or moral. Parts of them were beautifully written f 
but it could not be discerned, from his mode of reading them, 
that he thought one part better than another. All parts of 
them tendered to promote sound doctrine, pure morality, and a 
kindly Christian temper. I never wearied of his discourses, 
which, though not long, w^ere never short. It was pleasant to 
listen to truths of the kind he taught, which came recommended 
by simplicity and sincerity of manner, and were corroborated by 
such purity of example in the life of the teacher. 

" There ^vas no Presbyterian church in Burlington until after 
Dr. Wharton's death. That is my impression. In his time 
Presbyterians mingled with Churchmen in that simple and 
primitive temple. Dr. Boudinot's family, for instance, con- 
stantly worshipped there ; and the Clerk who announced the 
Psalms and Hymns from a gallery at the Western end of the 
Church, and led the music with a rather wiry and dissonaift 
voice, was a worthy Scotch Presbyterian, named Aikman, a 
cabinet-maker in the town. AYe all liked Aikman for his 
directness and truth. He was as steady in his temper and 
purpose as a Covenanter. One Sunday, when Aikman, from 
the West gallery, gave out the Psalm before the Ante-Commu- 
nion service. Dr. Wharton rose in the chancel, and said in his 
natural, quiet tone, — ' Mr. x^ikman, that is not the Psalm I gave 
to you.' ' Yes, but it is, Doctor.' — ' No, it is not.' — 'Yes, but it 
is. Dr. Wharton. It is right. I have it here in your own 
hand write,' — holding up a paper. — ' Oli, well, have it your own 
M'ay, have it your own Avay. Sing any thing.' — You may sup- 
pose the smiles." — Annals of American Ep. Pulpit, pp. 340-341. 



IX BURLIXGTOX. 409 

THE CHARACTER OF REV. DR. W^IARTOX. 

" It was not my good fortune/' says Bishop Doane, " to 
know Dr. AVliarton until within a short time previous to his 
death. I had indeed known him, by reputation, as a pillar and 
ornament of the Church — adorning with his life the doctrines 
which Avith his voice he proclaimed, and with his pen had so 
ably advocated. I knew him as among the first in scholarship of 
the Clergy of America, a sound and thoroughly accomplished 
divine, a practised and successful controversialist, a faithful par- 
ish priest, a patriarch of the Diocese in which he lived ; but I 
had never seen him. When, therefore, in the providence of God, 
I was called in the autumn of 1832 to the highest office in this 
Diocese, among the thoughts which were the first to follow the 
appalling conviction of its responsibilities, was that of the rela- 
tionship which its acceptance would create between myself and 
him ; and I confess that in the reflection I was deeply humbled. 
But scarcely had the evidence of my appointment reached me, 
when a letter came from him so kind, so encouraging, so expres- 
sive of his hearty acquiescence in the appointment, and his 
hearty desire for its consummation, as to contribute most mate- 
rially to the determination of my assent. I saw him first on the 
occasion of my first Visitation here ; and though for a few hours 
only, there was in his deportment a tender so free and generous 
of his approbation and confidence, a simplicity so perfectly trans- 
lucent, and a mixture — so much in keeping with his venerable 
aspect, his profound acquirements, and his long experience— 
of the affection expressed for a son, and the deference designed 
for an official superior, as embarrassed and perplexed me, Avhile 
it wholly won my heart. Our subsequent intercourse was of 
the most endearing character, and it left nothing for me to 
lament, but that, as Providence designed it to be so brief, official 
absence should have diminished its golden opportunities. I 
looked forward with eagerness to the conclusion of ray public 
engagements, that I might sit down with him in his delightful, 
quiet home, and gather wisdom from his words, while I learned 
piety from his example. But the Disposer of all things did not 
gratify my hopes. His health had been for some time failing 



410 HISTORY OF THE CHUECH 

when I saw him first, and though serene and cheerful, and long, 
I trusted, to be preserved to us in a green old age, it was but too 
apparent that the energies of his constitution were impaired, and 
that the elastic tone and vigour of his spirit were unbent. In 
the conversations which I had with him, (which, when at home, 
were daily,) he displayed the deepest interest in the extension of 
the Church of Christ, and the soundest judgment in his views 
and estimate of the means by which it was to be promoted. 
Especially did the General Theological Seminary and the Gen- 
eral Missionary Society occupy his thoughts, and it was his 
•desire and determination to accompany me to the annual meet- 
ing of the Board of Directors of the last named institution, in 
May preceding his death. Indisposition, however, prevented. 
And I had quite given up the long cherished hope of enjoying 
his presence and counsel at the then approaching Convention of 
the Diocese. On the morning of the day of the meeting, how- 
ever, to my great joy he arrived in Camden. He took a warm 
and active j)art in the proceedings, gave to the measures pro- 
posed the most manly and vigorous support, engaged earnestly 
in the debates, and appeared in body and mind, in voice and 
bearing, like one a full half century his junior. It was his last 
•exertion. From that time, he did not appear in public, and in- 
deed scarcely left his house. His disease became gradually 
•seated. The ability to struggle with it was gradually diminished. 
He reluctantly gave up, for even a single Lord's day, the accus- 
tomed duty. He retreated reluctantly to his chamber and to 
]iis bed. The best- resources of the healing art were applied 
with the utmost assiduity and skill. The constancy and tender- 
ness of conjugal devotion, and the vigilance and care of relations 
and friends, supplied whatever love could prompt and earth 
afford for his recovery and relief. But it was vain. Ex- 
hausted nature could not rally. And gently declining day by 
day, after a few brief struggles, more painful probably to the 
faithful hearts that watched beside him, than to himself, — he, 
fell sweetly asleep, even as an infant sinks to rest upon his 
mother's bosom, on Tuesday morning, July 23, 1833 ; having 
entered nearly two months upon his eighty-sixth year, and hav- 



IX BUELINGTOX. 411 

ing been for more than sixty-one years a minister of Christ — 
the senior Presbyter — if T mistake not — of the American Protes- 
tant Episcopal Church. 

"Throughout his sickness, when not absent from home on 
official duty, it was my privilege to see him daily ; and a death- 
bed so serene, so tranquil, so triumphant, I have never witnessed. 
It seemed, from the first day to the last, so far as the issue of 
life was concerned, as if nature had been wholly set aside by 
grace. The single sentiment which animated and pervaded all 
he said, was still, — ' Thy will be done.' He was the humblest 
and most self-abased of Christians. In his long life, there was 
nothing, he said, on which, for a single moment, he could rest. 
He had endeavored to be useful with his ' poor abilities,' as he 
always termed them, but he had done nothing. What he looked 
back to with the nearest approach to satisfaction, was his desire 
and effort to promote peace and harmony among men. In this 
respect he hoped, if he had done little good, he had at least pre- 
vented some harm. But the theme in which he gloried was the 
Ceoss. That was the subject of his thoughts, and the burden of his 
conversation. He clung naked to it with a child's simplicity 
and helplessness. ' I have been thinking,' he said to me one day, 
* of the wonders of redeeming love. And the more I dwell upon 
it, the more I am filled with admiration, that the Almighty 
God, the Maker of everything in heaven and earth, my JMaker 
and my Judge, should stoop to earth, and take vile flesh, and 
bare his bosom, and pour out his blood — for me ! ' 'Oh, my 
dear friend,' he would often say to me, " the Cross, the Cross, 
is all ! " What should we be without the Cross? The Lamb 
of God — He taketh away the sin of the world. The blood of 
Jesus Christ — that cleanseth from all sin ! ' Such were the 
triumphant testimonies to the truth and power of our religion, 
which he rendered while he was getting ready to put off the 
earthly house of this tabernacle. 

"Dr. AVharton was twice married — the second time to Ann, 
daughter of Chief Justice Kinsey of this State, who survived 
him. He had no children. 

"As the limits you have prescribed to me will not allow me 
to go into any minute analysis of Dr. Wharton's character, I 



412 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

will dismiss the subject by just hinting at a few of his more 
prominent traits. And I may mention, first of all, his singular 
iMrity. He had neither guile nor the suspicion of it. Long 
as he had lived in the world, he seemed to have suffered little 
from its contact. There was a delicacy of sentiment and feeling 
in him, which not only bespoke his own purity of heart, but 
kept the atmosphere about him pure. And it was this that gave 
to all his conversation and conduct an air of the most engaging 
simpUdty. In speech and manner he was artless as a child. 
You read his heart at once. And if, in turn, you did not lay 
your own open, you gave him all the advantage he wished or 
would avail himself of, — the advantage of sincerity and candour. 
He was distinguished also for his humllUif. With the best edu- 
cation that Europe could afford ; as a divine, second perhaps to 
none in America ; as a controversialist, unanswered and un- 
answerable ; he was not only unconscious of his distinction, but 
he would not be made conscious of it. He was also one of the 
most disinterested of men. The principle of self seemed in him, 
as nearly as in humanity it can, to have been absorbed and lost. 
He lived for the Church first, and then for those whom he 
loved. And he was full of kindness and charity. He desired 
good to all men, and, therefore, he ever sought to do them good. 
He was the kindest husband, and the most devoted friend. And 
his crowning and completing grace was his earnest and consist- 
ent jjie^y. The faith by which he triumphed in his death, had 
made him conqueror through life. The Cross in which he 
gloried had crucified the world unto him, and him unto the 
world. His piety did not burn with fitful and uncertain 
flame, but with a pure, sustained, and steady lustre. The 
aliment on which it fed was the sincere word of God. It was 
enkindled in him by the Holy Spirit. He nourished and cher- 
ished it by daily intercourse with Heaven. 

"As a Preacher of the Gospel, I never had an opportunity to 
know Dr. "Wharton. His sermons which I have read are of a 
chastened and persuasive style of oratory, well arranged, written 
evidently from the heart, and in a diction wdiich is like crystal 
for its purity and clearness. Everywhere, and on all occasions, he 
preached Christ and Him crucified. 



IN BURLINGTON. 413 

"I will onlv add tliat he was a Churchman in heart and in 
soul ; while yet, in the exercise of his truly Catholic spirit, he 
rei^arded all who name the name of Cliirst with affectionate 
interest. It was his deep and strong conviction, again and 
ao-ain expressed, that the entire Church was to be inviolatcly 
preserved ; and that the strictest adherence to all its provisions 
and regulations was the surest path not only of truth and duty, 
but of charity and peace." — Annals of American Ep. Pulpit, pp. 
337-340. 

EXTRACTS FROM THE WILL OF THE REV. DR. WHARTON. 

^ * * ****=!■- 

" Third. — I direct ihat after my dear Wife shall have se- 
lected from my Library, such books as she may particularly 
desire for her own absolute use. All the residue of my Books 
shall go to the Minister, Church Wardens and Vestrymen of 
Saint Mary's Church, Burlington City — to be by them pre- 
served for the use of the rectors of said Church in succession. 

" Fourth. — All the rest and residue of my estate, real and 
persona], whatever, and wherever, I give and devise to the 
Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church for the Diocese of 
New Jersey — so being at my death, and to his successors as 
Bishops as aforesaid — Ix trust— nevertheless to permit my 
said dear Wife to take the rents and annual income of said resi- 
due for her life, in case she survive me — But in case she die 
before me, or if otherwise, at her death in further trust, to jiay 
over One thousand dollars, to the Treasurer of the Domestic and 
Foreign Missionary Society of the Protestant Episcopal Church 
of the United States of America, for the use of the said Mis- 
sionary Society— And finally in trust to pay over and assign all 
the residue of the estate, and monies, or other property, what- 
ever, herein, given and bequeathed to him in trust to the Min- 
ister, Church AVardens and Vestrymen of Saint Mary's Church 
Burlington City aforesaid, or to any officer appointed by the 
legal authorities of said Church, to receive the same— to be by 
-them invested in such fund or security, as they may approve, 



414 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

and the interest thereof to be a})plied aniinally to increase the 
Salary of the rectors of said Saint Mary's Church — 

" Fifth. — I nominate the Bishop of the Protestant Episco- 
pal Church for the Diocese of New Jersey & so being at my 
death, Executor and Trustee under this mv will — And in case 
said Bishop, so being at my death, shall die before the final com- 
pletion of all the objects and the complete execution of all the 
trusts, mentioned and created herein, It is my will that his 
successors as Bishops as aforesaid, shall succeed him as trustees 
under this my will, and have full power to complete and exe- 
cute all the trusts then incomplete and unexecuted And that 
the said powers and trusts given as aforesaid to the Bishop of 
said Diocese, so being at my death, and to his successors, shall 
not survive to his or their heirs, or Executors — 

" Sixth. — Before my said Executor and Trustee shall pro- 
ceed to execute the trusts — or to pay the pecuniary legacies, 
herein created and mentioned, he shall first pay all my just 
debts. 

" Charles H. Wharton, [l. s.] '' 

" Signed sealed and Published by the testator on the 28th of 
February 1833, in the presence of Jane P. Folwell, "William 
Hargest, H. Mcllvaine." 

Proved, "the 5th of August, a. d., 1833, at Mt. Holly" 

" before Charles Kinsey, Surrogate." 

" George W. Doane, Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church for the Diocese of !New Jersey and being Bishop as 
aforesaid at the death of Charles H. AVharton, the Testator 
within named and Executor in the annexed Testament named 
being duly sworn did depose and say that the Within Instru- 
ments contain the true last Will and Testament of Charles H. 
Wharton the testator therein named so far as he knows and as 
he verily believes ; that he M'ill well and truly perform the 
same by paying first the debts of the said deceased, and then the 
Legacies in the said Testament specified, so far as the goods, 
chattels and credits of the said deceased can thereunto Extend ; 
and that he will make an Exhibit or cause to be made and Ex- 
hibited into the Prerogative Office at Trenton, a true and per- 
fect Inventory of all and singular, the goods, chattels, and 
credits of the said deceased that have or shall come to his- 



IN BURLINGTON. 415. 

knowledge or possession, or to the possession of any other per- 
son or persons for his nse, and render a just and true account 
when thereunto lawfully required — 

" G. W. DOAXE. 

"Sworn at Mt Holly 
5th August, A. r>., 1833 
before me 

Charles Kixsey 

Surrogate/' 
— S arrogate' s Office, Mt. Holly, X. J. 



THE EFFECTS OP THE LATE REV. DR. "WHARTON. 

"A true and perfect Inventory of all and singular the goods 
and chattels rights and credits of the Reverend Charles H. 
Wharton, D. D., late of the City and County of Burlington in 
the State of New Jersey deceased made the Seventeenth day of 
September A. D. 1833 and the Second day of August A. D. 1837 — 

" Wearing Apparrel $100.00 

"Books 280.00 

"Bank & other Stocks 13.581.00 

" Household goods &c 1.009.00 



^ jj 



§14.970.00 

" Appraised by us the dates above mentioned, 

"Burr Woolman, Thomas B. Woolman 
—Ibid. 

IXSCRIPTIOX FOR A MURAL MOXUMEXT TO DR. WHARTON. 

The following was written by Bishop Doane for a mural 
tablet to Dr. Wharton • but the tablet was never erected, f and 
the words designed for it are here inserted for preservation : 



t In the sacrarium of tlie new St. Mary's Cliurcb, however, on the South 
side, in the stained glass window, is the following: 



IN :MEM0RIAM Rev. 

Hujus Ecclesice Rectoris, A. D. 2ID 



Caroli Henrici Wharton, D. D. 
CCXCVI A. D. MDCCCXXXIII 



416 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

" Behind the Cliaucel 
rests; the mortal part of 

CHARLES HENRY WHARTOK, D. D., 

who died July 23, 1833, 

aged 86 years ; 

during 37 of which he was Eector of this Cliurch. 

A finished scholar, 

an elegant writer, 

a sound divine, 

a faithful preacher of the Cross : 

in peace and meekness, purity and charily, 

in childlike simplicity, and unaffected piety, 

a daily example of the lessons which he taught ; 

while he lived, the faithful servant of this Churcli, 

and, at his death, its generous benefactor: 

such was he 

whose name this stone commemorates, 

and whose virtues 

are embalmed in the affections of his i)eople." 

KI8H01' DOAXE BECOMES EECTOR OF ST. MAHY's CHUECH. 

" 1833. The A'estiy of St. Mary's Church, Burlington, at a 
special meeting, held 3 August, unanimously invited the Right 
Reverend George Washington Doane, D. D., to accept the 
vacant Rectorship. — 1 October, the invitation was accepted, 
G. ^V. D." — Parish Register. 

THE CIRCUMSTA^X"E,S ATTENDING THIS DECISION. 

"Since the last Convention, my residence at Burlington, 
which was then temporary, and without parochial charge, has 
assumed a different character. Being, of course, from my dis- 
tant residence, unacquainted with the local peculiarities of the 
diocese, I determined at my consecration, not to decide on my 
place of abode among you, until I had become satisfied by per- 
sonal investigation, and the careful comparison of individual 
opinions, as to what seemed the position most favourable to the 



IX BURLINGTON. 417 

discharge of my official duties, and the advancement of the 
interests of the Church. I did not doubt, moreover, that iu the 
lapse of time, the course of Providence would be developed with 
sufficient clearness. Soon after I had gone into temporary resi- 
dence at Burlington, (to which I was chiefly induced by local 
and personal considerations,) I received from the Rector, Ward- 
ens, and Vestry of Trinity Church, Newark, an invitation of 
the most gratifying character, to establish myself in that place ; 
accompanied with an offer from the Congregation, of so gener- 
ous a nature as to leave no doubt on my mind, that the desire 
for my removal there was not only universal, but most sincere 
and hearty. To an expression from such a source, so earnest in 
its terms, and so liberally enforced, I felt it my duty to respond 
in the affirmative, the more especially as I should thus be left 
free from parochial responsibility ; when the death of Rev. Dr. 
Wharton, and the peculiar circumstances of the parish of St. 
Mary's, Burlington, presented a conflicting duty. After mature 
deliberation, with inquiry of those whose judgments in the matter 
were best instructed, it seemed incumbent on me to assume the 
charge of the interesting parish thus vacated ; which I did, — 
first for six months, and, afterwards as its Rector. In thus 
yielding to a strong sense of ecclesiastical duty, I am happy in 
knowing that my munificent friends at Newark, though disap- 
pointed, have not been displeased. The same liberal spirit 
which devised such liberal thino-s to induce mv residence amono- 
them, enabled and disposed them cheerfully to yield their own 
jn-eference, to what seemed to be essential to the welfare of a 
sister parish. May brotherly love so continue, and ever increase 
amongst us! It is due to my office, to ray own judgment, 
and to the best interests of the Church, to say, that it is 
not well that the Bishop of any diocese should be responsible 
for the entire pastoral charge of a congregation. When this is 
the case, either the parochial or the diocesan interest must suffer. 
Cases may occur, where the Rectorship of a parish seems proper, 
or indeed necessary, as the means of support, to be united to the 
Episcopate ; but provision should then be made, not merely to 
relieve the Bishop from such portion of the duty of preaching, 

2d 



418 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

as may enable him to accomplish his visitations, but for the 
discharge, under his direction, of those daily pastoral offices, 
without the faithful, constant performance of which, Christ's 
sheep can never be duly fed. An economical and judicious 
arrangement for this purpose has always seemed to me, the 
appointment of a clergyman, to reside in the Bishop's parish, to 
supply the pulpit in his absence, to take the immediate charge 
of the Sunday School, and other interests of the parish, and to 
perform occasional Missionary duty. The provision for the 
support of such a Clergyman, as Missionary assistant to the 
Bishop, might properly be chargeable on the Missionary fund 
of the diocese. I commend the subject to the consideration of 
the Convention. The extensive plan of visitation which I pro- 
pose, cannot well be carried into effect unless there be some such 
provision." — EpisGopal Address, 1834. 

"the remains of the rev. dr. w^harton." 
Under this title, Bishop Doane in 1833-4, published two 
volumes, containing a Memoir, the Funeral Sermon, twenty 
sermons, selected papers, and controversial tracts, of the Rev. 
Dr. Wharton ; " of which the leading religious journals of Great 
Britain spoke with distinguished favor." 

THE REMINISCENCES OF A FORMER RESIDENT. 

The following, written in 1833, by one, who in his school-boy 
days, almost forty years before, had engaged in rural sports about 
the place, is a vivid portrayal of Burlington, in 1797 : 

All, old acquaintance! tliere thon art— 
I hail thee with a beating heart, 
I'll sing of thee, before we part, 

Green bank of Burlington. 

May I a passing tribute pay. 

Where many a happ}'^ school-boy day. 

In years forever passed away, 

I played upon thy bank. 

At early morn I thought thee fair, 
At noon thou hadst the freshest air. 
Thy evenings only could compare 

With Eden's lovely bowers. 



IN BURLIiVGTOX. 419 

And most enchanting was the grace 
That marked the ladies of the place, 
In walk, in form, in mind, in face. 
Like mother Eve of old. 

Your melons were for flavor rare, 
Your creain and strawberries sweetest were. 
Your luscious peach, and juicy pear. 
The rich and poor partook. 

By pebbly shore and lofty tree. 
Our good old bathing place I see, 
Where school-boys all with loudest glee 
To dive and swim repair'd. 

Lightly that batteau seems to glide, 
In such a one I loved to ride, 
With helm in hand, her course to guide, 
While briskly blew the breeze. 

'Twas sweet to leave the tiresome book, 
A dozen silvery iish to hook. 
Then take them home to plague the cook 
To clean and fry them all. 

My tale of pleasure is begun. 
We also sometimes got a gun, 
Through weed and mire all day to run. 
To shoot a bird or two. 

Sometimes we hired a boat to speed 
On a duckling trip where wild ducks feed. 
But less ducks than duckings we got indeed, 
On Xeshamony's marshy flats. 

How spreads this river like a bay, 
I've skated on it many a day, 
While Bristol boys have had a fray, f 
And feats of skating show'd. 

Keenly the crowded wharf I view. 
And cannot see one face I knew. 
But good Ben Shepherd's ever true, J 
At every varying tide. 

I could have sprung from off the deck. 
To give his hand a hearty shake. 
For him and for his city's sake, 

My dear old Burlington. 

Sadly my memory loves to trace 
The kindly smile of many a face 
Gather'd ere this in the resting place. 
With those of ages past. 



t Snow-balling battle. 

:J: Hotel keeper and ferryman. 



420 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

The lapse of almost forty years, 
Has ended all their joys and cares, 
We hope they are the happy heirs, 
Of immortality. 

No steamboat then in stately pride. 
Made rapid way 'gainst wind and tide — 
A shallop small its place supplied, 

The goodly sloop May-Flower, f 

Thv sister cities have the fame. 

Of battles fought, and warlike name — 

Thy ancient records lay no claim 

To bloody tales like these. 

Tliv precincts show no battle-field 
Wliere haughty foes were forced to yield, 
And many a brave one's fate was sealed 
In death upon the plain. 

Ere Trenton saw the deadly fray, 
Thou wast not idle in thy way ; 
Bold spii'its suited to their day, 

Withstood a tyrant's rule. 

In thy Town Hall these patriots sate, 
And there resolved to share the fate 
Of every suffering sister State — 

With them to stand or fall. 

I cannot see 8aint Mary's fane ; 
It often gave me heartfelt pain 
To think how oft I've heard in vain 
Good Dr. Wharton preach. 

Meekly as one who plainly saw 
Himself conderan'd beneath the law. 
He sought by love, not fear, to draw 
His hearers to the Lord. 

St. Mary's lifts no towering spire. 
For passing travellers to admire, 
Fit emblem of the holy sire 

Who filled her desk so long. 

I hear my fellow travellers say 
There is a locomotive's way , 

Where school-boys used to fight and play, 
In Dr. Staughton's time. % 

And woodman's axe with sturdy stroke 
Has long since fell'd the lofty oak, 
Where my poor neck I nearly broke, 
To gain a squirrel's nest. 



fThis i)acket belonged to Captain Myers, a well-known skipper. 
X Principal of the Academy. 



IN BURLINGTON. 421 

St. Mary's has a pastor new, f 
Young, and New Jersey's bishop too — 
He needs must stand in public view — , 

May God save him from pride. 

May he a shepherd's duty know, 
To lead his tiock where fountains flow, 
And where perennial pastures grow, 
Beneath the sacred Cross. 

This steamer goes as if it flew, 
. The city fades before my view — 

We turn, I bid a long adieu 

To thee, sweet Burlington. 

BISHOP DOANE's first REPORT AS RECTOR. 

May 28th, 1834. Bishop Doane's first report, as Rector of 
St. Mary's Church, says : — 

" The Rector has not been long enough in charge of the Par- 
ish to give any thing more than the mere statistics. The man- 
ner in which the Offerings of the Church have been collected, 
is stated in the Pastoral Letter, in the Appendix. There were 
no subscriptions larger than twenty-five cents per week, and of 
these but five. Many of them were less than five cents, and 
several but one cent per week. A small amount remains uncol- 
lected, which will go into the account of the next year. In 
another Report, greater fullness may be expected. — Twenty-five 
copies of the Children's Magazine are taken. The Rector is 
always present in the Sunday School, when not absent on Epis- 
copal duty. In the absence of the Rector, the parish has been 
much benefited by the gratuitous and very acceptable services 
of the Rev. Dr. AVilliams." X 

THE LIBRARY OF ST. MARY's CHURCH. 

" The library of St. Mary's Church, Burlington, lately in- 
^creased by the bequest of part of Dr. Wharton's books, is about 
to be brought into more general use. The remark is sometimes 
made, that parish libraries are little used, and soon dispersed; 
and the fact is adduced that, of the excellent collections with 
which all our parishes, by the wise provision of the venerable 
society for the propagation of the Gospel in foreign parts, were 
furnished, are now, with scarcely an exception, squandered. 

f Bishop Doane. J The Kev. Charles Williams, D. D. 



422 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

Of this unfortuuate result, the vicissitudes of the times ought 
always to be given in explanation ; and it should also be remem- 
bered, that the good seed, though scattered, is not lost, but pro- 
ducing doubtless in many quarters, its desirable fruits." — Epis- 
copal Address, 1834. 

A RELIGIOUS SERVICE FOR THE FOURTH OF JULY. 

"There is a custom common in some parts of our country, 
and I believe increasing, of celebrating with religious services, the 
the anniversary of the Declaration of the National Independence. 
I highly approve of it. Without any regard to the suspicion of 
desiring an establishment of religion, I venture to say, that 
there is, in our political and civil institutions, too little refer- 
ence to Him who is the only source and security of whatever is 
good in them. I enter into no discussion of the causes of this 
deficiency, or of the apologies for it. The fault exists and is to 
be regretted. What is still more to the purpose, it is, so far as 
may be, to be obviated. ' Righteousness exalteth a nation, but 
sin is the reproach,' and will be the destruction, 'of any people.' 

"In the 'Proposed Book,' so called, there is 'a Form of 
Prayer and Thanksgiving to Almighty God, for the inestimable 
blessings of religious and civil liberty, to be used yearly on the 
Fourth day of July.' I know not why it was omitted in the 
final revision. It is a service well adapted for the occasion ; 
and, with suitable alterations, will be set forth for use in this 
diocese," — Episcopal Address, 1834. 

A THEOLOGICAL SCHOOL RECOMMENDED. 

" There is but one subject more, of a general character, to 
which I shall at present venture to invite your attention. And 
I do so, because from its great importance, it deserves to be pre-t 
sented as early as may be to your notice, that you may be the 
sooner prepared to act in regard to it with efficiency. I recom- 
mend, brethren of the Clergy and of the Laity, for your most 
serious consideration, the establishment, under the auspices of 
the Church, of a School or Seminary, of a high order, at M'hich 
there may be provision, wholly, or in ])art, gratuitous, for the 
preparatory education of young men designing to enter on a 



IX BURLINGTOX. 423 

course of Theological study. The diocese of New Jersey pre- 
sents peculiar facilities for institutions of learning. An Epis- 
copal School that deserved patronage — and I should be sorry to 
see one that did not — would be liberally sustained by scholars 
from the vicinity, and from abroad. A portion of the profits 
should be set aside as a foundation for the purposes above named ; 
and individual bounty would, I am very confident, come liber- 
ally in aid of the enterprise. We should thus have the means 
of educating our own sons under circumstances most favourable 
to their character and principles. The number of candidates 
for orders would be increased by the facilities of education. 
The standard of learning among us would be elevated. Better 
than all, the means of instruction would be presented, as they 
ought ever to be, under the sanctifying influences of religion. 
I am sanguine in the opinion, that a judicious plan for this pur- 
pose w^ould be most cordially encouraged. I should most cheer- 
fully devote myself, as a duty of the highest moment, to its estab- 
lishment and furtherance. Having done what our hands find 
to do in a work so charitable and holy, we may safely leave it to 
the blessipg of Almighty God." — Episcopal Address, 1834. 

DEATH OF THE WaDOW OF EEY. DR, WHAETON. 

" 1834, June 21. Buried Mrs. Anne Wharton, (by Rev. Mr. 
Moorehouse)." — Parish Begister. 

A handsome mural tablet erected in the East wall, on the 

North side, of the old St. Mary's Church, bears this inscription : 

" Til is Tablet 

The Memorial of 

A Sister's undying love 

is Erected to the memory 

of Anxe 

Eelict of the 

Eevd. Dr. "Wharton, 

late Eector of this Church, 

who departed this life 

on the 20th of June, 

A. D. 1834. 

Let this marble speak her worth 

Avhen the many sorrowing hearts 

which her charity has gladdened 

have ceased to beat, 

and the weeping eyes, 

from which her sympathy has M'iped the tears, 

are closed in death." 



424 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

CHURCH ENLARGEMENT DETERMINED UPON. 

A resolution was adopted by the Vestry, September 3d, 1834, 
ill these words : 

"Resolved, That Christian Larzelere, WiHiam McMurtrie, 
(Wardens,) Jacob Shedaker, Daniel Hancock, and James Hunter 
Sterling, with the Rt. Rev. Rector, be a Committee to inquire 
and report at a future meeting of the Vestry what alterations 
can be made in the Church, whereby its revenues may be aug- 
mented, its appearance improved, its convenience increased, and 
its usefulness extended." 

The plan reported by the Committee, was, on the 26th of Sep- 
tember, approved and accepted by the Vestry ; and John Lar- 
zelere, Edward Rogers, and William McMurtrie appointed the 
Buildino; Committee. A contract was entered into with Mr. 
Isaac Holden, Architect of Philadelphia, for the execution of 
the plan designed by him, reported by the Committee, and 
approved by the Vestry. On the 6th day of October the work 
was commenced — and on Tuesday, December 23d, the building 
was consecrated to the worship of Almighty God. 

• 

ARCHITECTURAL DESCRIPTION (JF THE CHURCH. 

[From the Missionary.] 

" The plan of the Church is that of a Latin Cross, the head 
being towards the south east. The interior dimensions of the 
nave and choir, are eighty feet, six inches, by thirty feet ; and 
of the transept, thirty feet by fifty-nine feet, six inches. The 
whole aifords sixti/ pews, calculated for eight persons each, "f 
It is built of bricks, and is to be rough-cast, in imitation of free 
stone or granite. 

" The south east, or principal facade presents (as nearly as 
circumstances would permit,) a composition in accordance with 
the Grecian style of architecture, exhibiting a centre building 
and wings, — the centre having a pediment, in the tympanum of 
which is inserted a circular window, surrounded by an Isthmian 
wreath, composed of the Lotus leaf On the apex of the pedi- 



t The former number was thirty-four. 



IN BURLINGTON. 425 

meut is intended to be fixed an acroterium, bearing an enriched 
Greek Cross ; behind which, and on a square stylobate, rises an 
octagonal bell-tower, — the apertures of which are filled in with 
luffer boarding, the whole surmounted by a gilt ball and vane. 
The design of the tower is derived from that built at Athens by 
Andronicus Cyrrhites, commonly called the Tower of the Winds. 

" The door or entrance, is decorated by a Doric entablature 
and autre, over which is a raised tablet. The windows are fin- 
ished, with plain architraves, over which is a sunk pannel. The 
principal entrance into the Church is situated at the south west 
side, (under a porch,) on the inside of which is a vestibule, 
opening into the transept. At the opposite extremity, and on 
the wall of the chevet, is intended to be placed a mural monument, 
to the memory of the late Rev. Charles H. Wharton, D. D., 
M'ho was for thirty-seven years Rector of this Church. On the 
south east side, occupying the head of the Cross, is placed the 
chancel and choir, the architectural decorations of which are 
arranged from approved Grecian models. The pulpit is of a 
semi-octagonal form. Immediately in front of which, and 
attached thereto, stands the reading desk, — and on the sides, 
enclosing the stairs, are placed, panneled pedestals upon which 
are fixed carved scrolls. On each side of the pulpit are large 
tablets, containing the Lord's Prayer, the Apostles' Creed, and 
the Ten Commandments. The whole is enclosed by an enriched 
railing and mahogany capping. Behind the chancel, and under 
the choir, is situated the Rector's robing room, the vestry room, 
and the parish library. 

" On the north west side is also an entrance and windows-, 
similar in exterior decoration to those on the south east front, 
and having on the inside a vestibule opening into the nave of 
the Church. Under the nave, is constructed a furnace, for sup- 
plying the Church with heated air." 

COXSECRATIOX OF THE CHURCH. 

On Tuesday, December 23, 1834, St. Mary's Church was 
consecrated to the public worship of Almighty God, by the 
Right Reverend Bishop Doane. The request of the Yestry, 



426 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

being presented to the Bishop, by Christian Larzelere, Esq., 
Senior Warden, M-as read by the Rev. Hewlett R. Peters, 
assistant to the Rector, in the following terms : 

■^^ To the Bt. liev. George W. Doane, D. D., Bishop of the Diocese 

of Keiv Jersey. 

"The memorials of the "Wardens and Vestry of St. Mary's 
'Church respectfully sheweth, that the house in which their 
fathers worshipped, and in which God's name has been honored, 
«nd the gospel of his Son proclaimed, for one hundred and 
thirty years, having been erected for a long period previous to 
the establishment of the Episcopacy in the United States of 
America, was never consecrated to the worship of Almighty 
"God, according to the usages of the Protestant Episcopal Church : 
and having now, at great expense, extended, repaired, and im- 
proved, and, in a manner, rebuilt it, for the better accommoda- 
tion of the congregation worshipping there, they present this 
their request to the Right Reverend the Bishop of the Diocese 
of \ew Jersey, desiring him, at his earliest convenience, to set 
apart and consecrate the same to the service and worship of 
Almighty God, according to the order of the Protestant Epis- 
-eopal Church in the United States of America. 
" Sio;ned, by order of the Vestry, 

" Wm. M'Murtrie, 1 ,jr 7 

" Christian Larzelere, j " «''^'^"«- 

"Burlington, 7th December, 1S34." 

The sentence of consecration was then read by the Rev. 
George Y. Morehouse, Rector of St. Andrew's Church, Mount 
Holly, and is as follows : 

" The ancient edifice of St. Mary's Church in the City of Bur- 
lington, which was erected, and had been occupied, eighty years 
before the introduction of the Episcopate into the United States 
of America, having never received consecration ; and the Vestry 
of that parish, acting by the AVardens, having set forth in their 
memorial addressed to me, that it has lately been enlarged and 
much improved, and requested me to consecrate it in the usual 
form : 

" Be it known, tliat on this 23d day of December, in the year 



IN BUELINGTOX. 427 

of our Lord, 1834, with the rites and solemnities prescribed, 
I have consecrated and set apart the said house of worship, sep- 
arating it henceforth from all unhallowed, ordinary and common 
uses, and dedicating it to the service of Almighty God, for 
reading his holy M'ord, for celebrating his holy sacraments, for 
offering to his glorious majesty the sacrifices of prayer and 
thanksgiving, for blessing the people in his name, and for the 
performance of all other holy offices, through Jesus Christ our 
blessed Lord and Saviour, and according to the rites and Avor- 
ship of the Protestant Episcopal Church, in the United States 
of America. 

" In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and 
seal, at Burlington, this 23d day of December, in the year of 
our Lord, 1834, and in the third year of my consecration. 

"George W. Doaxe, Bishop 

" of the Diocese of New Jersey. ^^ 

extract from the sermox of bishop do axe, at the 
coxsecratiox of ST. Mary's church, December 23, 1834. 

" 1 Samuel vii. 12. — Hitherto Jiath the Lord helped us. 

^}h *|C y^ y^ *p* ?jC J^ ?f* #jC 5jC 

"From us, brethren of this congregation, the transaction of 
the day calls for a special tribute of gratitude and praise. Re- 
turning now from our brief exile to this venerable place, Nvhere, 
for a hundred and thirty years, prayers have been made, through 
Christ, to God, — assembled under circumstances, so much im- 
proved, of comfort to ourselves, and of accommodation to such 
as may desire to join us, — does it not become us, like the projjhet, 
to set up here our stone of help, and to confess, with a loud voice 
and glowing heart, that 'hitherto the Lord hath helped us?' 
To us this is a most eventful day — a day whose issues, grasping 
all the circuit of our lives, reach forth into eternity. Here, for 
a century and a quarter, the prayers and praises of the faithful 
have arisen to heaven, till even the ground on which we stand 
seems consecrated, and, to our awed and captivated spirits, ' all 
the air a solemn stillness holds.' Here have your feet, week 
after week, come up, * with them that keep holy day;' and, in 



428 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

your hearts, and iu the hearts of all your children, it must be 
associated with what is best and happiest of the things and 
thoughts of earth, with what is brightest with the light, and 
fullest of the hopes of heaven. Here you have prayed that still 
your feet might come, while they should tread the paths of earth; 
and that, when you were gone hence and were no more seen, 
your children, and your children's children, might fill the seats 
which you fill, imbibe the wisdom which has guided you through 
life, and catch the glorious hope which is to give you victory iu 
death. Awakening reminiscences and prompting thoughts like 
these, is it not, brethren, a solemn and eventful hour? Sur- 
rounded by such circumstances, and such associations, — the 
memory and example of the beloved dead, the looks and voices 
of the beloved living, the deep and strong impression of His 
presence who has now accepted this to be His temple, — must we 
not feel that this indeed is 'holy ground?' AYhile, then, the 
inspiration of the hour is on us, while we breathe for the first 
time the religion of the place, let us desire of Him from W'hom 
alone all good things do come, to make both profitable and per- 
manent the impressions which we now receive. This hour, this 
day, cannot return to us again. This place can no more be to 
us what it is this day, this hour. We stand upon an isthmus. 
The waves of time divide beneath our feet. We can look back 
on all the past. We can look forward to the distant, pregnant 
future. Let us not lose the golden opportunity. Let us look 
backward, and look forward. With fervent gratitude to Him 
who hitherto hath helped us, with lively confidence in the con- 
tinued exercise of His protecting care, we may present accepta- 
bly, through Jesus Christ, the free-wull offering of a holy wor- 
ship, and win, through His most precious merits, for us and for 
our children, the blessing promised to the faithful, 'even life 
for evermore.' 

" It is now more than one hundred and thirty years since the 
measures were adopted which led to the erection of the Church 
which, enlarged now for the fourth time, to meet the increasing 
disposition to entertain the doctrines here professed, and to unite 
in the worship here offered, has to-day, with due solemnities, 



IN BURLINGTON. 429 

been set apart for the service aud glory of God. The early his- 
tory of these most laudable endeavours is full of interest ; and 
eloquent, at every step, from the year one thousand seven hun- 
dred and two until this present day, in illustrating and enforc- 
ing the sentiment of the text, ' Hitherto hath the Lord helped 
us.' ' The first English inhabitants of this country,' says an 
old and authentic writer, ' were Quakers and Anabaptists. In 
the year 1702, the Rev. Mr. Keith f and the Rev. Mr. Talbot 
were traveling preachers in these countries, from the Society for 
the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts ; and, as the 
sober Quakers of New Jersey agreed with many of their breth- 
ren at Philadelphia, in thinking that the written word of God, 
and the instituted means of grace ought to be more attended to, 
they were induced, by hearing some sermons from Mr, Keith 
and Mr. Talbot, to inquire what was the doctrine of the Church 
of England. In a little time a considerable congregation 
gathered themselves together, resolving to receive the Church of 
England worship. As the people had agreed to conform with 
the Church of England, their next care was to get a Minister. 
They had heard Mr. Keith and Mr. Talbot often preach, and 
the latter was particularly acceptable to many of them. Mr. 
Talbot was also desirous to employ his labours in this country, 
rather than in any other place. They invited him to stay with 
them, and sent over a request to the Bishop of London, and to 
the Society, desiring that he might be settled among them, which 
Avas granted.' ' The people soon began to set about building a 
Church. The Church of St. Mary,' (called in the first charter 
St. Ann's,) 'had its foundation stone laid in 1703, on the 25th 
of March,' (the festival of the Annunciation of the Blessed Vir- 
gin,) ' and was therefore named St. Mary's. The building was 
carried on with that zeal and vigour, that on Whitsunday in 
1704, divine service was performed, and the sacrament admin- 
istered in iti to a large congregation.' Such was the first 



t An engra,ved likeness of Mr. Keith, was placed in the sacristy of the new 
St. Mary's Church, in 1869. 

:}:"1704: the 4tli of June being "Whitsunday was tlie tirst time the Holy 
Sacrament of the Lord's Supper was Administered in St Ann's Church att 
Burlington By the Kev Mr John Talliott & Mr Sharp and the first Sermon 



430 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

beginning of St. Mary^s Church. In its material structure it 
must have been a building of the width of the old edifice, and 
nearly square. As a religious society, it had vigorous existence 
and a good degree of increase under its first Minister, wha 
served before its altars five and twenty years, and is described 
by his contemporaries as a very zealous and industrious man.' 

"In 1761, the Rev. Colin Campbell, then the Society's Mis- 
sionary at Burlington, and visiting occasionally Mt. Holly and 
Bristol, reports, in the three places, seventy-four baptisms and 
fifty communicants. His ministry in Burlington covered a 
period of nine and twenty years; towards the close of which, in 
1763, he reports no less than 115 baptisms, and in his three 
congregations 50 persons added lo the communion ; and assures 
the Society that the people of his Mission are sincere, hearty, 
and religious, with whom he has always lived in the greatest 
harmony. 

" In 1769, under the ministry of the Rev. Jonathan Odell, 
who was nine years in charge of the parish, the building w-as 
extended westward, with the addition of a gallery, — and this, 
although the town itself had increased but little, if at all; 'on 
account/ as Mr. Campbell states in his report, in 1763, ' of some 
disadvantages in their situation in regard lo trade, wdiich oblige 
the young people to remove to other parts.' 

"In 1811, under the ministry of its late beloved and la- 
mented Rector, the Church was enlarged, improved and beauti- 
fied, by an extension eastward, including the late chancel ; at 
which time also the pulpit was removed from the side to the 
east end. 

"In 1821, there being still a call for pews, the sittings in the 
Church, and its general convenience were much increased by 
the removal of the door, then placed just where I stand, to the 
west end ; with other alterations, all eminently judicious. 

" Finally, by the good hand of God upon us still, prospering 
with increase the blessed seed of His most holy Word, it was 

preached in the Pulpit was on St Peters clay the 29th of June 1704. — 1704-5 
the 18th febrary being the Sunday before Lent the Holy Sacrament of the 
Lords Supper was Administred here in Burlington the Second time by the 
Revrd :\Ir Talbott."— il/6'. Account. Book. 



IN BUKLIXGTON. 431 

deemed necessary, in the month of September last, and then de- 
termined by the Vestry of this Chnrch, to make such alterations 
as should 'augment its revenues/ ' improve its appearance,' ' in- 
crease its convenience,' and * extend its usefulness.' Of the 
result of this resolution, so far, at least, as increase of conve- 
nience is concerned, you, friends and brethren, are witnesses to- 
day. That, when completely finished, its appearance will be 
much improved, you can yourselves well judge. The exten- 
sion of its usefulness must be sought for by us of the Lord, who 
hitherto has helped us ;. and will be found,, if we are faithful to. 
our holy trust, in the results of His blessing upon our prayers, 
our efforts, and our sacrifices. 

" Brethren of this congregation, does it not become us well 
to say that hitherto the Lord has helped ns? Run back in 
fimcy to the second year of the last century. See the little band 
of faithful followers of Christ, consulting and contriving, day 
after day, and night after night, how they shall rear a temple- 
for the worship of their God and Saviour, in the way their un- 
derstanding has adopted,, and their hearts approve. See them,, 
with difficulty, and at great hazard, and with great self- 
sacrifice, compass the erection of a plain and humble edifice of 
thirty feet in breadth,, by, perhaps, forty feet in length. Hear 
them commended by the historian of their labours, for their zeal 
and vigour in accomplishing, in fifteen months, a work of 
smaller moment than our eyes have seen effected in less than as- 
many weeks. Behold them, on the jpyous festival of Whit- 
Sunday, assembled in their simple house of prayer, and pouring 
out, from hearts that overflowed with gratitude and joy, the ex- 
ulting strains which still, taught by the Church, that holy 
season puts in all our mouths,: — 'Great is the Lord, and highly 
to be praised ; in the city of our God, even upon his holy hill. 
The hill of Sion is a fair place, and the joy of the whole earth ;. 
upon the north side lieth the city of the great King. God is 

well known in her palaces for a sure refuge Like as we have 

heard, so have we seen,, in the city of the Lord of hosts, in the 

city of our God ;. God upholdeth the same forever Walk 

about Sion, and go round about her, and tell the towers thereof. 



432 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

Mark well her bulwarks, set up her houses, that ye may tell 
them that come after. For this God is our God for ever ; he 
ehall be our guide unto death.' Follow their self-denying and 
laborious Missionary, ' on the verge of sixty, and greatly weak- 
ened by an inflammatory fever,' toiling his weary way from 
Burlington to Bristol, and from Bristol to Mount Holly, to tend 
and feed his Master's scattered sheep. Run down the lapse of 
years, and see the humble fold extending westward, and then 
eastward, and enlarged with all economy and skill, that it may 
meet the wants of anxious souls, and shelter from the howling 
storm the Saviour's flock. Rehearse the names of noble benefac- 
tors, who, in a far ofl^ land, gave freely of their gold, to nurse 
and cherish this remote and feeble congregation of God's people, 
— the Lady Catherine Bovey, the generous Thomas Leicester, 
the Bishops Frampton^ of Gloucester, and Compton, of London, 
and her Royal Majesty, Queen Anne, — so that we may literally 
use the prophecy of Scripture, that a Queen has been its nursing 
mother. Observe the memorable fact that, of this eventful 
series of one hundred and thirty years, three pastors filled the 
space of ninety ; the last of whom, that humble, holy man, 
whose mortal part reposes just below this pulpit, over whose 
new tomb the tears of a whole sorrowing people were so lately 
shed, went in and out among you, day by day through seven 
and thirty winters, — fulfilling thus God's promise to his own 
loved Sion, ' I will deck her priests with health, and her saints 
shall rejoice and sing.' Ponder these things, my brethren : 
and then, in the possession and enjoyment of this holy and beau- 
tiful house, the result of so much watching and of so much toil, 
tiie subject of so many tears and prayers, on which the noblest 
impulses of Christian hearts have been so long and freely exer- 
cised, and which owes its last and best improvement to the mu- 
nificent bequest of him into whose pious labors I have entered, 
— then, here, to-day, set up your .stone of help, and say, with 
holy Samuel, ' Hitherto the Lord hath helped us !' Then, here, 
to-day, moved by these mercies of our God, present yourselves, 
your souls and bodies, a living sacrifice, devoted to His service. 
Then, here, to-day, profess yourselves not only in name, but in 



IN BUELINGTOX. 433 

deed and truth, the followers of the crucified liedeemer ; and 
seek, by faith in Him, that cleansing unction of His blood, 
which can alone remove your sins. Then, here, to-day, and 
every day hereafter, make it your single effort and your ceaseless 
prayer so to be faithful unto death, that you may at last receive 
and wear for ever in heaven the crown of everlasting life. 

" My Christian brethren, if the six score years and ten that 
have passed by this house of prayer, had each a tongue, what 
lessons would they teach us ! A\^hat evidence would they afford 
of the uncertain tenure of all earthly things ! And with what 
eloquent earnestness would they commend to our affections those 
better things, laid up with Christ in God, which, being like 
Him invisible, are like Him eternal also ! They would tell us 
of the joyous throngs who, week by week, came up in other 
years 'to give thanks unto the Name of the Lord;' and point- 
ing then to the low graves in which those joyous throngs are 
gathered now, they Avould tell us that, of all they ever had on 
earth, their faith in Jesus Christ alone remains to them in un- 
impaired and ever-during worth. They would tell us of many 
a ransomed sinner, admitted here into the blessed family of 
Christ, listening here to the lively oracks of sacred trulh, and 
celebrating here, as you to-day have celebrated, the praises of 
God and of the Lamb, now gone to sleep in Jesus, and with 
Him to rise and reign. And they would tell us, — must we not 
fear that they would tell us ?— of holy resolutions never performed, 
of vows of obedience never fulfilled, of duties the most sacred 
and imperative time after time postponed, and at last by death 
precluded and cut off for ever. And they would warn us, by 
that warning of all others the most fearful, the expectation of 
the final judgment day, to do now what our hands find to do 
with our whole might, since there is neither knowledge, nor de- 
vice nor work, in the dark grave to which we hasten. — My 
brethren, the disclosures which these tongueless years cannot 
make audible to us, they have recorded in the book of God. 
There they stand, a registry of guilt, the sentence written under 
them of God's eternal justice, fearful to think of, and which no 
mortal man can look upon and live. There they stand, black 

2e 



434 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

with the presage of our awful doom ; and if the blood of Jesus 
wash them not away, we must sink down without a hope of 
rescue from the stern decree, and bear the inextinguishable pen- 
alty of everlasting death. Brethren, beloved, let it not be so ! 
Hear, while you may, the kind beseeching voice with which the 
Saviour calls you to Himself. Accept in fervent faith the over- 
tures of that salvation which He purchased for you with His 
blood. With child-like and confiding love yield up your hearts 
to the control of that divine and Holy Spirit, which is freely 
given to all who ask it, helping all their infirmities, consoling 
them in all their sorrows, and sanctifying their whole soul and 
body and spirit, that they may be blameless in the day of our 
Lord Jesus Christ. Come to Him to-day, who for so many 
years, in the mercies of His providence and in the blessings of 
His grace, has richly come to you. Here, in this holy temple, 
newly consecrated to His glory who made, redeemed, and sanc- 
tified you, make new your consecration of yourselves to Him 
and to His service ; that as He who has called you is holy, so 
may you also be holy in all manner of conversation and godli- 
ness. He will accept the offering through the interceding love 
of Jesus Christ. He will enable you, by the constraining gen- 
tleness of the eternal Spirit, to keep and do the holy covenant 
which He has written in your hearts. Here, in His holy house, 
which He has chosen for Himself to place His name in. He will 
hear the voice of all your prayer ; and when your earthly house 
of this tabernacle is dissolved, you shall possess, through the 
prevailing merits of your Saviour, a house not made with hands, 
eternal in the heavens. — Grant it, God of our salvation, for thy 
mercies' sake in Jesus Christ. Sustain us safely through the 
trials, troubles, and temptations of the world. And when our 
service here is done, receive us to Thyself, that gathered all to- 
gether and united all with Thee, we may be thine throughout 
eternal ages of unmingled joy ! We ask it for His sake who 
died for sinners ; and to Him, with the Almighty Father and 
Eternal Spirit, shall be given all the praise." 



IN BURLINGTON. 



435 



DIAGRAM OF THE CONSECRATED CHURCH. 

The following is a very accurate representation of the interior 
arrangements of the Church, after its enlargement North and 
South : 



^\| 







. _ 


' i 


°-^' ?n^ 




_ „/ 




f'jcj 3. 




\ ^ 


} 


V 





n 



"41lillllll!lllilli||\| 



a. Holy Table. 
h. Credence. 

c. Eeading Desk. 

d. Pulpit. 

e. Steps to Pulpit. 
/. Font. 

(J. Bishop's Chair. 
h. Assistant's Chair. 
i. Robing Room. 



j. Vestibule and Parish Library. 

k. South Door. 

I. Staircase to Organ Gallery. 

m. Staircase to West Gallery. 

n. West Door and Porch. 

0. Staircase to North Gallery. 

p. North Door. 

q. Benches for Parish School. 



430 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

TPIE CHURCH HPOKEN OF IX COXVEXTIOX. 

"On Tuesday, December 23cl, 1834, on the I'epreseutatiou of 
the Wardens and Yestry, that St. Mary's Church, Burlington, 
having been erected one hundred and thirty years ago, and 
eighty years before the introduction of the episcopate into the 
country, had never been consecrated according to the usages of 
the Protestant Episcopal Church, and on their request, that, 
being now, for the fourth time, enlarged, and greatly improved, 
it might be so set apart, I proceeded duly to consecrate it to the 
service and worship of Almighty God, — the Rev. Messrs. Cum- 
ing, (of New York,) Morehouse, Peters, and Starr being present 
and assisting. You will be gratified to learn that though the 
sittings in the Church are fully doubled, the pews are very 
nearly all disposed of. Of the increased convenience and beauty 
which the building and its appendages have received, your pres- 
ence here — on which I again congratulate both myself and the con- 
gregation — renders it unnecessary that I should speak. While 
w^e thank God that he has bestowed on us so full a measure of 
temporal prosperity, may we remember that the true object of 
desire is a fuller measure of his holy Spirit, creating us anew 
'in righteousness and true holiness,' and filling us with 'all joy 
and peace in believing.'" — Episcopal Address, 1835. 

IXCEEASED PASTORAL LABOURS. 

Bishop Doane appends to his report as Rector of St. Mary's 
Church, as follows : 

'' Since the last Convention, the Church has been doubled in 
size, being now in form a Latin Cross, of which the nave is 80 
feet by 30, and the transept GO feet by 30. There were before 
34, and now are 60 pews, nearly all of which are occupied. 
The whole arrangement of the Church, including improve- 
ments of the ground, fixtures, furniture, &c., has cost about 
$4,500. About §800 were raised as a premium for the choice 
of pews. The frequent absence of the Rector, of necessity, 
interrupts his pastoral labourl, and diminishes their effect. 
Since his sickness in the autumn, he has been aided, under the 
liberal provision of the Convention, by the acceptable services 



IN BURLINGTON. 437 

of the Rev. Mr. Peters. The Church is generally open, when 
the Rector is at home, on Sunday evenings, and always on 
Thursday evenings ; when a Lecture is delivered, expository of 
the Scriptures, which is also the lesson for the Sunday school, 
on the Sunday following. This service has been peculiarly 
blessed to the spiritual edification of the people. An increasino- 
interest in the best things, has been perceptible among them, 
and has lately resulted in several adult baptisms, and the con- 
firmation of twenty-six persons ; nearly all of whom, it is hoped, 
will present themselves at the table of the Lord. The children 
are catechized on the afternoon of the first Sunday in every 
month, after evening prayer, before the whole congregation. 
The exercise is acknowledged as profitable to all, and gives 
great satisfaction. The Rector has pursued, since February, with 
signal advantage, a systematic course of Pastoral Visitation and 
instruction, from house to house. The Offerings of the Church 
for eleven months, (from 1st of June to 1st of May,) are a little 
greater in amount, than for the twelve months of last year. They 
are collected on the morning of the first Sunday in each month, 
(when the Communion is always administered,) and are presented 
on the Lord's table, as the oblations of the people." 

CATECHIZIXG THE CHILDREN. 

"The catechizing of the children I have found productive of 
the best effects. Children, parents, pastors, and myself, by no 
means to the least extent, have been partakers in the pleasing, 
and, I trust in God, the profitable interest. It has brought 
forth that ' form of sound words,' which is ' to be learned by 
every person before he be brought to be confirmed by the Bishop,' 
from comparative obscurity, to its due prominence in the Church. 
It is the beginning, I fondly hope, of a course of efforts, by 
which, if God help us, the Church in this diocese will regain 
her proper hold upon her infant members, and.be enabled, by 
divine grace, to 'bring them up in the nurture and admoni- 
tion of the Lord.' Parents are universally gratified with the 
arrangement. The children take delight in it. With my 
reverend brethren, no argument or influence is necessary to 



438 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

insure their hearty zeal iu feeding the Saviour's lambs. Hitherto 
the examination, with two or three exceptions, has been confined 
to the mere repeating of the words. Hereafter, it is my wish 
that the children be prepared for what is more properly a cate- 
chetical exercise, in being examined on the meaning of the 
words, the Scriptural authority for them, and their practical appli- 
cation ; and I design myself to take a part in it. A thorough 
trial of the experiment in my own parish, in which the children, 
once in a month, are catechized ' openly iu the Church,' before 
the whole congregation, has thoroughly convinced me that no 
exercise can be more engaging to the childz'en, more edifying 
to the people, or more profitable to the pastor." — Episcopal 
Address, 1835. 

"offerings of the church." 

"The 'Offerings of the Church,' in the diocese of New Jer- 
sey, are the voluntary contributions of the people, laid up, in 
accordance with the Apostolic precept, in the 16th chapter of 
St. Paul's first Epistle to the Corinthians. — 

" ' Now, concerning the collection for the saints, as I have 
given order to the Churches of Galatia, even so do ye. Upon 
the first day of the week, let every one of you lay by him in store, 
as God hath prosj^ered him, that there be no gatherings lohen I 
come,' — and to be employed, under the direction of the Bishop, 
in Missionary purposes ; nine tenths in the diocese of New Jer- 
sey, and one-tenth elsewhere. 

" In introducing the plan into any Church, the Minister is 
supposed to have a list of every man, woman, and child, in his 
congregation. Upon every individual, he either calls himself, or 
sees that some suitable person calls, to ask his engagement to 
endeavour, on every Lord's day, to May by him in store' at 
least a certain sum, increasing it ' as God hath prospered him ; ' 
audit is particularly recommended that * the little children' be 
encouraged to the practice. 

" The names of the persons consenting are enrolled in a little 
book, ruled with twelve columns, for the months in the year, 
which the Minister himself keeps. 



IN BURLINGTON. 439 

"Ou the morning of the first Sunday iu each mouth, (notice 
liaving been given, on the preceding Sunday, that 'the offer- 
ings of the Church ' for the four Sundays in , or the five 

Sundays in , as the case may be, will be collected,) the 

sums laid by 'in store' on the several Sundays in the month, 
— the contribution of each person, or each family, being done up 
in a paper, marked with the name of the contributor, and sealed 
QY tied, — are gathered, by the proper persons, directly after the 
reading of the Gospel, and placed, if it be a communion day, 
' upon the Holy Table,' and so offered to the Lord, with ' the 
alms for the poor,' and other devotions of the people. The 
parcels being opened, the several sums are credited to their 
respective contributors, in the proper column for the month, and 
remitted quarterly to the Treasurer, (James Hunter Sterling, 
Esq., at Burlington, by mail or otherwise,) before the 20th day 

of February.t 

" The engagement to lay up a certain sum weekly, is adopted, 
that, after the first month, there may be a probable estimate of 
the missionary income of the year. Of course, it does not limit 
(the offering to that sum— the rule which is supposed to govern 
the Christian being, ' as God hath prospered him.' The recom- 
mendation in the diocese of New Jersey was, that, one with 
another, adults and children, an average of at least five cents in 
■eachiceeh should be laid by 'in store,'— because it was desired 
to propose a mark which all should reach, and because, were 
that amount realized, it would produce a sufficient sum for the 
missionary purposes of the diocese."— AjmncUx to Episcopal 
Address, 1835. 

DIOCESAN EETEOSPFX'TION. 

" It is iiow within nine days of forty-two years, since the first 
convention was held in St. Mary's Church. Since then, what 
changes have taken place! What progress has been made! 
What rich experience has been here enjoyed of God's protection 



rTliis seems to be the origin of what has grown to be so extensively used, 
throughout the Church, ancfis known as " The Pledge and Envelope System." 



G. JI. H. 



440 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

of His Church ! How fit an emblem is this holy and beautiful 
honse, — enlarged, improved, adorned, and filled, we trust, with 
spiritual worshippers,— of the increase and prosperity with 
which God has blessed the diocese ! The number of the Clergy 
in the year 1793, was Jive, of whom, at the time alluded to, but 
four were present ; while fifteen delegates, from ten parishes, 
composed the whole of the lay representation. There was then, 
and for twenty-two years thereafter, no Bishop in the Diocese- 
Since that, there have been five meetings of the Convention 
in this Church. At that in 1800, there were present four 
Clergymen, — in 1805, there were five, — in 1811, seven, — in 
1817, ten, — in 1828, seven years ago, eleven. There are now 
twenty-three. These are instructive statements. Tliei/ shoiv the 
effective influence of the Episcopal office in strengthening and ex- 
tending the Church. Before the accession of the first Bisiiop of 
the diocese in 1815, the greatest number of the Clergy was eigld. 
By the blessing of the Lord upon his faithful oversight, the 
number had increased in 1832, the year of his decease, to nine- 
teen. There are now twenty-nine. — They bear strong testimony 
to the prevailing poioer of the truth and order of the Gospel. 
No where has the Church had less to hope for from external 
aids. No where has it been more true that ' not many wise 
men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble are called.' 
No where has the array of counteracting influences been more 
complete or formidable. No where has ' evangelical truth ' been 
more distinctly taught, or ' apostolic order ' more steadfiistly 
maintained. The triumph here achieved, — from my recent 
residence among you, I can speak of what has been as an impar- 
tial witness — the triumph here achieved has been the triumph 
of 'the Gospel in the Church.' The Gospel has been here pre- 
sented as the Gospel. The Church has been presented as the 
Church. The result, with His blessing, who is ' Head over all 
things to the Church, which is his body,' is seen already in a 
good degree of increase, and in an approach as near as can be 
expected here on earth, to the unity enjoined by the Apostle on 
his Corinthian converts, — ' now I beseech you brethren, by the 
name of our Lord Jesus Christ that ye all speak the same thing;, 



IN BURLIXGTON. 441 

and that there be no divisions among you, but that ye be per- 
fectly joined together in the same mind and in the same judg- 
ment." — Episcopal Address, 1835. 

REPEAL. OF TWO PROVISOS IX THE CHARTER. 

" [No. 214.] 
''State of New Jersey. 
"A Supplement to the act entitled ' An act to incorporate the 
Protestant Episcopal Church of Saint Mary in the City of 
Burlington/ to annul the former charter thereof, and to repeal 
'An act to amend and confirm the charter of the Episcopal 
Church, called Saint Mary, in the City of Burlington,' passed 
May twenty-eighth, seventeen hundred and ninety-three. 
" Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Council and General Assembly 
of this State, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the 
same, That all the proviso contained in the fourth section of the 
act to which this is a supplement, be, and the same is hereby 
repealed ; and that the following proviso be inserted in lieu 
thereof, viz. : Prodded always, That in the disposition, sale, or 
alienation of such messuages, houses, lands, tenements, and here- 
ditaments, the consent of at least six members of the vestry shall 
be had and obtained. 

"■ Sec. 2. And be it enacted. That the words following the 
second proviso, in the eleventh section of the act to which this 
is a supplement, to wit: 'That if at any time nine or more 
members of the said vestry shall agree so to do, they may dis- 
charge said minister, giving him six months notice of their inten- 
tion, after which time his salary shall cease and the said minister 
shall peaceably leave the Church, and' beand the same are hereby 
repealed and stricken out of the said eleventh section. 

"Ploiipe of Assembly "In Council 

March 4th, 1836. " March 9th, 1836. 

This Bill having been three This Bill having been three 

times read and compared times read in Council 

in the House of Assembly Eesolved, That tlie same do pas* 

Kesolved, That the same do pass By order of Council 

Bv order of the P. D. Vroom 

House of Assembly Prest. of Council 
Daniel B. Ryall 

Speaker of the House oj Assembly. " —Parish Archives.- 

COXCERXIXG DANCING IN THE ACADEMY. 

''To Captain Newton: 

" Dear Friend,— On the instant that I learn that there is 
any difference of opinion on the subject of our conversation last 
evening I adopt this course of reasoning. There is no principle 



442 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

or duty requiring the amusement in question. Some think it 
wrong in that place. Therefore it ought not to be, I acted on 
these grounds in regard to the Cross, and shall endeavour always 
ito do so. It will be well to make the disappointment as easy 
to the young folks as may be, and this I am sure you will aid 
in doing. I asked when the matter was first named if the 
AVardens approved and understood that they did, or I should 
Jaave made further inquiry to-day. 

"Affectionately yours, 

" G. W. DOANE." 

■"St. Mary's Parsonage, 2 May, 1836." 

AMUSEMENTS FOR MAY-DAY. 

^'To John T. Neioton and James H. Sterling, Esquires, Wardens 

of St. 3Iary's Church. 

" Gentlemen, — The fact that two of the Yestry, (one of 
them a A\ ardeu,) disapprove of any part of the arrangements 
proposed by the children for May-day is conclusive with me. 
We must go together unless where principle divides us — which 
I hope it never will. Let it be stated then to the ladies who 
are in the direction that on further consideration the Rector and 
Wardens have deemed it inexpedient that there should be music 
or dancing in the Academy, and let the statement be made as 
early in the morning as may be. I could under no circum- 
stances grant my consent to the indulgence, knowing that any 
portion of the Yestry disapproved of it. An Apostle has 
declared that though all things are lawful all things are not 
expedient." 

"Affectionately your friend & servant, 

"G. W. Doane." 
'' St. Mary's Parsonage, 2 May, 1836." 

THE CONDITION OF THE PARISH. 

In his report, as Rector, to the Convention held May 25tli, 
1836, Bishop Doane says : 

" The condition of the parish is in most respects encouraging. 
The practice of explaining before the congregation the Scriptural 



IN BURLINGTON. 443 

lesson for the Sunday School is still kept up witli great advan- 
tage. It forms the Lecture for Sunday afternoon, except on the 
first Sunday in the mouth, when the children are catechised 
^openly in the Church,' instead of the sermon. This congrega- 
tion continues to give noble support to the diocesan plan of 
systematic charity — their contributions this year being $354.83, 
:about twenty-five per cent, more than last year. Their dona- 
tions to other objects are none the less liberal. The ladies of 
the parish all unite as a Sewing Circle, which meets at the Par- 
sonage once in every fortnight, to work for charitable purposes. 
Besides clothing many of the Sunday Scholars, and doing much 
for the relief of the sick, poor, and afflicted of the parish, they 
have contributed $50 to the ' Offerings of the Church.' The 
Rev. Samuel Starr has lately entered with great acceptance on 
the office of Assistant Minister." 

"will xever forsake the plax of a diocesan school." 

iti the same Episcopal Address— May 25th, 1836— Bishop 
Doane says : — " I have pledged myself never to forsake the plan 
of a Diocesan School, and I never will. I am more and more 
convinced of its importance. There is nothing in so great 
demand among us as good education, and there is nothing so 
■scarce. There is no influence so generally desired for its direc- 
tion and its control, as that of the Episcopal Church, and there 
is none which exerts itself so little. This ought not to be so. 
We are losing what we cannot calculate, and never can regain. 
There is no part of the United States more favorable for the 
purpose, than that in which we are most concerned, and there is 
nothing which we so greatly need. Why should it not be done ? 
We have declared ourselves a Missionary Church ; why should 
we not have Missionary schools, and a Missionary College? 



O 5? 



mouexixCt for bishop white. 

On Sunday, July 24th, 1836, St. Mary's Church M^as clad in 
mourning weeds for the late Bishop White of Pennsylvania 
((whose burial was attended on the Wednesday preceding in 



444 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

Philadelphia,t) and Bishop Doane (who was one of the pall- 
bearers on that occasion) preached a sermon fromProv. IV, 18, 
l^But the path of the just is as a shining light, that shineth more 
and more unto the pejfect da}/,~\ in commemoration of the 
departed Senior Bishop. 

THE LORD BISHOP OF QUEBEC IN BURLIXGTOX. 

"On Sunday, Aug. 14th, 1836," says Bishop Doane in his 
Episcopal Address, " I enjoyed the high satisfaction of listen- 
ing to an edifying sermon in this Church, by my right reverend 
brother, the Lord Bishop of Quebec. The recollection that to 
the Church, of which he is a prelate, our whole communion ' is 
indebted for its first foundation, and for a long continuance of 
nursing care and protection,' and especially the traces, which 
everywhere surround us, in this parish, of royal and of indi- 
vidual bounty, from the same venerable branch of the Church 
Catholic, gave to his visit a peculiar interest." 

COMMITTEE TO PROCURE A NEW ORGAN. • 

At a meeting of the Vestry held March 27th, 1837, the fol- 
lowing action was had : 

" The organ now in St. Mary's Church being very much out 
of repair, it was stated, by Capt. Newton, that Messrs. Corrie & 
Huddie, Builders, had examined the same and offered to allow 
the sum of $200 for it, in part payment for a new one. Where- 
upon 

" Voted, That the Wardens be a committee to procure a new 
organ, the cost of which shall not exceed the sum of six hun- 
dred and fifty dollars." 

MONUMENT TO THE LATE REV. DR. WHARTON. 

At the same meeting, on motion of the Right Rev. the Rector, 
voted, " That a committee be appointed to take measures for 
the erection, in St. Mary's Church, of a monument to the mem- 
ory of the late Rev Dr Wharton. 

"On motion of Gen Wall, the Rector was chosen as this 
Committee." (See p. 416.) 

tTlie Vestry of St. Mary's, Biu'lington, attended in a body. 



IN BURLINGTON. 445 

BISHOP DOANE TRAVELS AS FREIGHT. 

"AVJieii Bishop Doane was commencing St. Mary's Hall, 
^arly in 1837, he had occasion to visit the city of New York in 
order to secnre pecuniary aid. He was detained there until the 
close of Saturday. He had made ;io provision for the supply of 
his Church at Burlington, on the approaching Sunday. He 
therefore hastened to set off for home by the evening train. On 
the way to the station he met with a friend whom he found dis- 
posed to listen to his statements respecting the great importance 
of the proposed enterprise, and whose interest increased in con- 
versation upon the subject. The time was consequently allowed 
to pass when the evening train was to leave ; but the Bishop 
knew that a freight train was to pass through Burlington from 
New York at a later hour that night, to which he supposed there 
would be a passenger car attached. 

"When the Bishop parted from his friend, he hurried to the 
railroad station. He was therQ informed that a freight train 
was to go immediately, but that no passenger car was to accom- 
pany it. The Bishop at once proposed to ride on the engine, 
or even to sit or stand on one of the platforms, or to occupy a 
chair such as is often secured on the roof of a car of that sort. 
He was then told that strict orders had l:>eeu received forbidding 
the agent to permit any person to travel as a passenger in that 
train. The Bishop replied—' Very well, obey your orders. I 
never can encourage anything like disobedience. Yet you say 
that this is a freight train. Are all your cars full? Do you 
forward freight by weight ? ' The agent said, ' AVe have room 
for more than we have on board. We weigh whatever is to be 
forwarded, and charge by the pound.' The Bishop went to the 
scales, and asked to be weighed, and then to be put into a car 
as freight ! The agent did not know Bishop Doane. He looked 
upon the proceeding, though, as a good joke. After he had put 
in this extraordinary freight, and secured the door — which he 
was required to do — he remarked to his assistants, ' This is the 
greatest instance of perseverance that I have ever known.' 

" When the train arrived at Burlington early the following 
morning, the man who had charge of it told the agent in that 



446 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

city that there was some freight in one of the cars the like of 
which he never had heard of having been carried over any road 
in a train like that before. The car door was opened, and the 
Bishop of New Jersey stepped ont ! He was well known by 
everybody at that station. The charges had been paid before 
starting from New York. A portion of the freight over the 
Camden and Amboy Railroad on that memorable night, then 
loalhed to the Episcopal residence at Burlington, to prepare for 
the services of the day as Rector of St. Mary's Church ! 

" If ' at midnight Paul and Silas prayed and sang praises to 
God' when suiFering confinement in an ' inner prison,' can we 
doubt that the midnight hours voluntarily spent, for the 
Church's sake, in the dark, exposed to danger, in a closed 
freight car, by the founder of St. Mary's Hall, registered prayers 
in heaven for that institution, and for the Church of Christ, 
which are now being answered ever year, in blessings upon both ? 

" The writer of the above was intimately acquainted with 
Bishop Doane, and the statements here given were made to him 
by the Bishop himself." — Rev. JohnWoart,U. S. A. Jan. 1873. 

" AX APPEAL TO PARENTS 

FOR 

FEMALE EDUCATION ON CHRISTIAN PRINCIPLES J 

WITH A PROSPECTUS OF 

ST. mary's hall, 

GREEN BANK, BURLINGTON, NEW JERSEY." 

Under this title — with a handsome engraving of the attractive 
property he had secured, preceding it — Bishop Doane issued a 
" Circular," with this inscription : 

" To all who bear the sacred name of daughter, sister, wife 
or mother, and to all who honor it, this appeal to parents also 
addresses itself; and to their prayers and patronage the institu- 
tion now proposed is entrusted and commended." 

From this publication, we give the chief points, in its own 
language : 

" An age wdiich has adorned itself, and blessed the world, 
with the Sunday School enterprise^ and the Infant School system — 



IN BURLINGTON. 417 

an age which has established and multiplied its Schools for 
Teachers, has but another step to take, that it may reach the 
first fountains of our nature, and open its Schools for Mothers. 
The mother is the earliest teacher, and the best. Long before 
the Sunday School, or even the Infant School is reached, she 
has given her imprint to the character — an imprint, which 
deepens with our years, and, more than all human influences, 
makes our present life what it is, and gives direction to the life 
which is to come. Regarding the sex. in this, in its highest and 
holiest relation ; regarding the delicacy, the difficulty, and the 
responsibility which it involves ; regarding the great end and 
aim of life, the divine image formed in the soul, qualifying it 
for the divine acceptance, through faith which is in Christ 
Jesus ; regarding the sole means by which this end may be suc- 
cessfully pursued, religious instruction, religious example, re- 
ligious influence — is it unreasonable to speak of an Institution, 
for female education, on Christian principles, as A School for 
Mothers ? Is it extravagant to believe, that an enterprise, 
which, by such means, aims at such an end, cannot in vain 
appeal to Christians, to patriots, to philanthropists, to men — 
can, least of all, appeal in vain to the parental heart ? 

" Short as the time is, since the project first was entertained, 
there remains no doubt of its reception with those whose appro- 
bation antedates the verdict of the public. So far as its pur- 
poses and plan are known, the enterprise has the cordial sanction 
and warm interest of some of the highest minds and largest 
hearts in the land. * * The first consideration has 

been the formation of the domestic establishment of the Institu- 
tion. And, if there needed ever, in a Christian cause, an omen 
of success, God has granted it to the present Institution, in ena- 
bling us to secure, as Chaplain and Head of the Family, and as 
Matron — in a word, as the adopted parents of the daughters of 
St. Mary's Hall— the Rev. Dr. Eatox, and Mrs. Eatox, his 
wife. * * Of the household which is thus consti- 
tuted, teachers and scholars will alike be members. They will 
dwell under the same roof They will gather round the same 
table. They will kneel at the same altar. * * Last 



448 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

of all places to be left without ' the care of souls/ is a seat of 
female education. * * The father of the family will, 
therefore, also be the shepherd of the lambs. * * 

Upon our Christian household, for its growth in grace, and in 
the knowledge and love of God, it is our purpose to bring to 
bear, to the fullest extent, the institutions, the ordinances, and 
the influences of the the Church. It will enjoy the benefit of 
constant and immediate Episcopal supervision. Its worship, 
■whether in the Chapel, or in the parish Church, will.be of 
kindred character ; and divine service will be attended, not only 
en the Lord's day, but on all the festivals and fasts of the 
Christian year. ' The doctrines, constitution, and liturgy of 
the Church' will be subjects of constant and diligent instruction. 
Preparation for the apostolic ordinance of confirmation, as indeed 
for the due reception of both the sacraments, will be kept con- 
stantly in view ; and, in short, nothing will be left undone to 
imbue every mind with the principles, and every heart with the 
piety, of the primitive ages of the Church ; and to render St. 
Mary's Hall, a nursery of pure and undefiled religion. It is 
thought best to state distinctly this characteristic of the Institu- 
tion, that there may be no disappointment and no dissatisfaction. 
The doors will be open for all. All who desire instruction will 
be welcome, whatever be their religious birthright, or the pro- 
fession of their parents. But all who come will be instructed 
in the same principles, accustomed to the same worship, and 
trained to the same discipline. There will thus be no division 
of interest, and no collision of feeling. * ''' The 

BEST TEACHEES IN every department of SCIENCE, literature, 
and the fine arts, proper to such an institution, shall be pro- 
cured, and every possible facility shall be afforded, that its pupils, 
•duly improving their opportunities, may become well-instructed 
•and accomplished Christian ladies. As soon as may be, after 
the organization is complete, a plan of study, suited to this end, 
to occupy at least three years, after the necessary elements are 
acquired, will be marked out and adopted, as the regular course 
of the Institution : and thouo;h scholars will be received for 
shorter periods, not less than a year, and entered according to 



IX BUELIXGTOX. 44U 

their proficieuey, the preference will always be given to such as 
will comply \vith its full requirements. In directing the edu- 
oation of young ladies, it is a nice matter to distribute in their 
just proportion, the useful and the ornamental. It will be our 
aim to make the useful, ornamental, and the ornamental, useful. 
The hardest woods receive the highest polish. The elegant 
accomplishment of the sex are never seen to such advantage, as- 
when they crown and grace a well cultivated, a well stored, and 
a well balanced mind. It is not the time to state, in full detail, 
the system of instruction. However easy such a sketch might 
be, and however attractive, it will be far safer and more useful 
in the retrospect, than it could be in prospective. Suffice it to 
say, for the general subject, that development, rathe?- than mere 
acquirement, is regarded as the end — that to be thorough and 
<iccurate, wall always be required in every undertaking — and 
that, in all departments, the chief reference will always be to 
the practical purposes of life. The administration of the busi- 
ness of instruction, will be committed to A Peincipal Teacher, 
a well-educated, experienced and accomplished Christian lady, 
with assistant teachers in the several branches. All the teachers 
and officers, will be constantly responsible to the Bishop of the 
diocese as Patron, and Principal of the establishment. * * 
All expenditures for the use of the pupils, must be made under 
the direction of the Head of the family ; with whom all moneys 
must be lodged. A proper economy will be strictly enjoined 
on all. Constant attention will be paid to the health, and phys- 
ical vigour of the pupils ; in furtherance of which a suitable 
course of exercise will be systematically pursued. In each of 
the dormitories, an assistant teacher will be constantly present 
with the scholars, who will all occupy single beds. Every 
vscholar will be expected to attend to all the varieties of plain 
sewing, and to the various branches of domestic economy, under 
the direction of the Matron, or other suitable person. The cul- 
tivation of sacred music, both vocal and instrumental, will be 
rendered, as nearly as may be, universal. A choir for the 
Chapel will be selected, of those most competent ; and it will 
be an object to qualify as many of the pupils as possible, to 

2f 



450 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

preside at the organ, and to take part in the psalmody of the 
Church. As an important means of improving the literary 
taste, and confirming the moral and religious principles, of the 
scholars, a library of suitable books, in the various departments, 
will be formed ; to which, additions will, from time to time, be 
made, under the direction of the Bishop ; and, no other books, 
besides the school books, and books of devotion, will be allowed 
within the walls of the Institution. * * As a grateful 
acknowledgment to Him who put it into the hearts of men to 
project and to establish this Institution, for the Christian educa- 
tion of females, provision is made, and will be continued, for 
the entirely gratuitous support and instruction of one scholar in 
every ten, making application as the daughter of a clergyman of 
the Church, deceased ; or, if living, in necessitous circumstances. 
Such application to be made known only to the Head of the 
family, and to the Bishop ; on whose approval it shall be granted. 

*' Of the situation, edifices, and grounds, selected for the Insti- 
tution, which is the subject of this Circular, it would be difficult 
to speak in terms whicli would do justice to them, without the 
appearance of exaggeration. The position, on the Delaware, a 
little more than an hour's journey, by steamboat or railroad, 
from Philadelphia, and from five to six hours from New York, 
is unsurpassed for healthfulness, convenience and beauty. The 
buildings, nearly new, and built expressly for a female Semi- 
nary, are extensive, and perfectly commodious, with spacious 
grounds, a well cultivated garden, and a Green-House. The 
school-rooms are of the best construction, light, airy and agree- 
able ; and the whole establishment is fitted up and furnished in 
the best manner, and will be supplied with fixtures and appa- 
ratus of every kind, adapted to the most extended course of 
female education. * * 

" It remains only that we state the mode in which the pat- 
ronage of the Church is invited, for the establishment and pro- 
motion of the plan we have sketched above. A stock has been 
created, to the amount of twenty-five thousand dollars, in one 
hundred shares, of two hundred aud fifty dollars each. This is 
to be appropriated to the purchase of the property, to the supply 



IX BURLINGTON. 451 

of furniture aud apparatus, and to such enlargements and im- 
provements as may hereafter become necessary. The sums sub- 
scribed are to be called for in instalments, not exceeding twenty 
per cent, nor at intervals less than a month. The Stockholders 
own the property ; which is held for them by three persons, in 
trust. The Stock is to bear interest, at six per cent, on the 
amount paid in, from May 1st, 1837. The Stockholders are 
not to be liable for the debts and responsibilities of the institu- 
tion, nor entitled to its profits ; and are bound to receive the 
repayment of the capital invested by them w'henever tendered. 
Upon the repayment of the whole, or any part of the principal, 
the ownership of the shares paid off vests in the Right Reverend 
George W. Doane. The entire control and management of the 
Institution are committed to a Board of seven Trustees, nomi- 
nated by the Bishop of the diocese of New Jersey, for the time 
being, and appointed by the Stockholders ; the said Bishop to 
be, ex officio, President of the Board. 

" In commending the enterprise to public patronage, by sub- 
scriptions to the capital stock formed for its accomplishment, it 
is respectfully suggested, — that nothing is asked, or will be re- 
ceived, as a gift, but only as a loan — that the sum advanced, and 
interest at six per cent, are abundantly secured by the property, 
held in trust for their payment — that the objects to be promoted 
by the Institution are closely connected with the best hopes of 
the countrv, and the dearest interests of man — that the success 
of the enterprise will doubtless encourage other undertakings 
for education on Christian principles — and that, so far as one- 
tenth part of the scholars is concerned, there will be a direct, 
and most effectual exercise of Christian benevolence, towards a 
most interesting class of persons, the daughters of deceased, or 
destitute clergymen. At the time of the printing of this Cir- 
cular, more than half the shares have been subscribed for." 



" Note. — The Institution is organized on the plan of a Christian family, 
under the pastoral care of the Eector of St. Mary's Church, who is the Bishop 
of the diocese. 

" Full courses of Lectures are delivered annually in the Lecture-room of the 
Institution, to the pupils alone, in Botany, Natural Philosophy, and Chemistry, 
with a complete apparatus. 

" The year is divided into two terms of twenty-two weeks each ; and two va- 



452 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

THE NEW INSTITUTION READY. 

"You will rejoice with me in the public favour which has 
thus far attended the new enterprize in behalf of education in 
our Church, on Christian principles, St. Mary's Hall. In some 
of my late addresses, I have urged the importance of the subject, 
in more especial reference to the education of boys. A provi- 
dential circumstance threw in ray way an opportunity to pro- 
mote that most important interest in relation to the sex to which 
we owe our mothers. I acknowledge the reproof which it con- 
veyed ; and have sought to be instructed by it, and to carry it 
out in practice. We should have begun there. It is upon the 
character of the mother that the character of the race depends. 
If our daughters be 'as polished corners,' it will not be difficult 
to secure, with God to bless us in our building, that ' the whole 
temple be fitly framed together.' The subject has been so fully 
brought to your notice in other forms, that I d\fell on it now no 
farther, than to say, that the Institution is completely organized 
and ready for the reception of pupils; that the persons charged 
with their care, enjoy, as they deserve, my highest confidence ; 
and that the i)lan thus far succeeds to my perfect satisfaction. 
It is commended to your pious prayers. 

"An Institution for the education of boys and young men, on 
the same ])lan, is of the first necessity. It is called for more 
and more loudly by the wants of the country, and by the in- 
creasing intelligence and piety of the Church. The present is 
a favourable juncture to secure advantages which may be lost 

cations of four weeks each. The Slimmer term commences on the iirst "Wed- 
nesday in May, and tlie Winter term on the tirst AVednesday in November. 

"The regular expense.s of each terra, including boarding and lodging, with 
fuel and lights, and instruction in all the English branches, the ancient lan- 
guages, psalmody, plain sewing, and the domestic economy, Avill be one 
hundred dollars, ))ayable always in advance. There will be a charge of six 
dollars for each term for the use of bed, bedstead, bedding and towels. Wash- 
ing will be charged at fifty cents a dozen. Pupils who remain will be charged 
?12.50 for each of the two vacations. 

'■ Instruction, for the (piarter of 11 Aveeks, in French, §7.50 ; German, Italian 
or Siianish, SIO.OO; Drawing and Painting, §8.00; Fancy work, §6.00; 
Piano, with use of instrument, §15.00 : Guitar, §15.00; Harp, §25.00 ; Organ, 
§20.00. 

" All money for the use of the jnipils must be entrusted to the Head of the 
Family, under whose directions, expenditures and i)urchases are to be made. 

"Communications addressed to the Rev. Asa Eaton, D. D., Chaplain and 
Head of the Family of St. Mary's Hall, Burlington, Xew Jersey." 



IN BURLINGTON. 453 

forever. I shall not cease to pray that the diocese of New Jer- 
sey may soon present herself to the Church, in complete organ- 
ization, as a seminary for the sous and daugliters of Ziou. I 
can conceive of no more desirable completion of the plan, than 
would be presented in a Missionary College." — Episcopal Ad- 
dress, dated April 1st, 1837. 

ST. Mary's hall established. 

May 31st, 1837. The 54th Annual Convention was held in 
St. Mary's, Bishop Doane presiding. Six clergymen from other 
dioceses were present, among whom were the Rt. Rev. C. P. 
Mcllvaine, D. D., Bishop of Ohio, The Rev. Chauncey Colton, 
T>. D., and the Rev. William Croswell. 

To his parochial report, Bishop Doane adds : 

" The most important event in the history of the parish is con- 
nected with the establishment of St. Mary's Hall, an Institution 
for Female education on Christian principles, under immediate 
Episcopal supervision. The principals, teachers, and scholars, 
forming one family, are all parishioners of St. Mary's Church, 
and there are already twelve added to the communion from that 
source. A class for Scriptural instruction, and another for in- 
struction in the Liturgy, are attended, every week, in addition 
to the constant religious influence of the Reverend Chaplain and 
Head of the Family, and of the Principal Teacher, and her as- 
sistants. On Sundays and Holy days, the whole of the family 
of St. Mary's Hall attend public worship in the parish Church." 

" There are three services on each Lord's Day ; that in the 
afternoon being always an expository lecture, (at present, on 
the Acts of the Apostles, in course,) or the public catechising, 
which occupies the place of the sermon, on the afternoon of the 
first Sunday in every month. The class for Scriptural instruction 
meets on Saturday evening. The 'Offerings of the Church,' 
which are collected on the morning of that day, (being Com- 
munion Sunday,) have amounted to $590.33, being an increase 
since last year of §235.50. 

" To this result the monthly Missionary Leetiu-e, on the 
evening before the offerings are collected, has been of great im- 



451 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

portance. The contributions to other objects have also greatly 
increased. The ladies of the Sewing Circle, which embraces 
all in the parish, still prosecute their work and labour of love. 
Besides improving every opportunity to do good to those of 
their immediate household, they have engaged to support one 
Greek girl, at Mrs. Hill's School, in Athens, to be educated, as 
a teacher in Greece. Since the removal of the Rev. Mr. Starr, 
to Trenton, where he occupies the Rectorship of St. Michael's 
Church, there has been no clerical assistance in the parish. 
The services of Mr. Edward G. Prescott, now in deacon's orders, 
during his candidateship, have been of great value to the Sun- 
day school, which is now in a much better state than ever 
before. I am at present much assisted in this department by 
Mr. Benjamin D. Winslow, a candidate for orders." 

BENJAMIN DAVIS WIXSLOAV. 

In 1835, Benjamin Davis Winslow f came from Cambridge 

f Benjamin Davis Winslow was born in Boston, Mass., Feb. 13th, 1815, and 
baptized, in his sixteenth year, by the Kev. Wm. Croswell, Eector of Christ 
Church, in that city, and from tliat time devoted himself to the sacred min- 
istry. The year following he entered Harvard College. " It was during his 
residence at the University," writes Bishop Doane, " that the Eomish con- 
vent at Charlestown was destroyed, by an outrageous act of lawless violence. 
"Winslow was a young man of an enthusiastic, not only, but highly excitable, 
temperament. He felt most strongly the indignation, which that deed 
enkindled in every generous breast. What he felt deeply, he was wont to 
express warmly. In some such way, his feelings were enlisted on the side of 
Rome. A young man of 'mark and likelihood,' his case attracted the notice 
of the clergy of that communion, in Boston. One thing led to another, until 
he found himself admitted to, what seemed, their fullest confidence. Books 
were put into his hands. The enticing arts, which none know better how to 
use, were sedulously applied. His very position, as a leader among the young 
Churchmen of the University, when neither his years nor his acquirements 
had enabled him to know, much less to give, a reason of the hope tliat was in 
him, increased his exposure. With just enough acquaintance with the Church 
to feel a reverence for antiquity, and a disposition to be governed by author- 
ity ; he had made but little progress in that search of Holy Scripture, and of 
ancient authors, by which alone the Christian can be guarded against the 
countless forms of errors — more dangerous, in proportion as they seem the 
more to assimilate themselves to the truth. Tlie result of such a state of 
things was natural and obvious. A young man of less than twenty, his spirit 
all alive to classical and chivalrous associations, thrown oft' his guard by the 
stirring up of all his deepest impulses, thinking himself to be somewhat, as a 
Churcliman, in close and constant conference with a Roman Bishop and his 
Priests! Wlio could hesitate as to the issue? Of all this, I was in perfect 
ignorance; when I received iVom him the following letter: " 



IN BURLIXGTOX. 455 

to Burlino-ton, where "he was domesticated in the familv of the 
Bishop of Xew Jersey, to whom he was as a son." 

" ' Harvard University, Feb'y 23, 1835. 
" ' My Dear Uncle, 

'" The contents of tJie following letter, M'ill nmlonbtedly give you both sur- 
prise and pain ; but duty to myself, to you and to God, compel me to make 
this disclosure. The only tiling for which I lament is, that 1 did not write 
you my doubts and difficulties six weeks ago; and then I might have been 
rescued from what you will consider a great error. To be brief, I am all but 
converted to the faith of the Boman Catholic Church; and unless I am to be 
reclaimed, I must in the course of a few weeks openly join her comnuuiion. 
My aflections, my symjiathies, are all with the Protestant Episcopal Church; 
but my judgment is almost convinced that she is in a stale of scliism. Lut you 
will naturally enough enquire, how did this come about? Ever since the 
destruction of tlie convent at Charlestown, my attention has been directed to 
the faith of the [Roman] Catholic Church. I have perused the works of 
several of her best champions; and have had long conversations with Bishop 
Fenwick, of Boston, and another Koman Catholic Clergyman. Not that I 
would give you to understand that my investigations have been of an ex parte 
nature; I have also studied the ablest Protestant authors: and yet, the result 
is, that I am nearly if not quite convinced that the Church of Eome is the only 
Church of Christ. 

" ' It is not my design, in writing these lines, to enter into a full relation of the 
various reasons which have led me to such conclusions; sufKce it to say, that 
my present views seem to my mind to be the Church theory of our own C'hurch, 
carried out to its legitimate result. I have always believed that Christ is not 
divided — that there should be but one fold, as there is one Shepherd — that 
our Lord had promised to be with his visible Church, to the end of the world 
— that His Church should be guided into all truth, and be the pillar and 
ground of the truth, because he was to be with it all days. Now these are 
truths, as I humbly think, which are so firmly founded in iScripture, antiquity, 
reason and common sense, that they cannot be overthrown. But if these 
views be true, the Church of Eome, as it appears to me, is the only true 
Church. "Where was our Church, before the (so called) Ileformation ? [See 
this question ably treated in Dr. Hook's Sermon, ' Hear the Ciiurch' — G. W. 
D.J Did she not separate from the Catholic Church at that time? If she be 
the true Church, then Christ deserted his Church, and was false to his 
promise of being Avith her all days. There certainly cannot be two true 
Churches so at variance as Rome and England. If Rome be right, England 
must be wrong. If Rome be wrong, then our views of the Church must be 
erroneous. Such is my dilemma. And I cannot see any better alternative 
than that of returning to the Mother Church. 

" ' No dissenter can possibly meet my objections. Churchmen, and Church- 
men alone, can understand my peculiar difficulties. I would therefore beg 
you, my dear uncle, if you should have time, to recommend any work which 
will meet my case; and also give me any light, by which I may conscien- 
tiously remain in the Protestant Episcopal Church — a Church which I have 
so much loved and honoured. Excuse my troubling you with this letter. It 
is no less painful to me than it can prove to you. But it is my duty, and duty 
must be done. '' ' Very aflectionately yours, 

" ' Benjamin Davis Winslow.' " 

" In a moment, I saw his position. I saw that to refer him to books, while 
.Jesuit expositors had his confidence, was vain. I saw that he Avas not access- 
ible to reason. I saw that to remain at Cambridge, was to rush, and tliat at 
•once, into the guiph that yawned for him. The image that possessed my mind 
at once, and haunted it, by day and night, for weeks and monllis, and has not 
yet lost all its vividness, was the poor bird, charmed by the rattle-snake, and 



456 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

" From October, 1835, to June, 1837, he was a member of the 
General Theological Seminary. Of his standing there, it i& 
enough to use the language of a fellow student, who loved him 
living, and laments him dead, that ^ he embodied in his life and 

shooting with a desperate impulse into his sanguinary jaws. I resolved, if 
there was help in God, to save him ; and, by the help of God, I did. I wrote 
to him briefly, but peremptorily, to come at once to me._ That the subject was 
of the utmost moment. That no correspondence at a distance could meet its 
requirements. That it called for time and thought, and careful study of 
authorities, without the bias of an overruling influence on either side. That 
Burlington was a calm, sequestered place. That my books were at his service. 
That he should investigate the subject thoroughly. That he should follow 
implicity, wherever that investigation, guided by the promised Holy One, 
should lead. If it lead to Kome, he should go. If, convinced himself, he 
could convince me, I would go with him. If conviction failed, his place was 
where the providence of God had set liim. I used no word of argument, andl 
I referred to no authority against the Romish claim : for I felt sure, that they 
who had so far secured him, would have access to my letters. I told him tO' 
go at once to the President. To say that I had need for him ; and that he 
must rely on my character that the occasion was sufficient, without a statement 
of the reasons. He went to the President. At first, he refused permission. 
Then he sent for him, and told him, that on further consideration, he felt 
assured my reasons must be good ; and granted leave of absence. As I antici- 
pated, so it was. My letter was shown to his seducers. Every argument, that 
Romish craft could suggest, was used, to prevent, or to delay, his coming. 
One of them was going on soon, and would accompany him. If he went, he 
must take letters to the communion in Philadelphia. At least, he must take 
books. But it was all in vain. The principle of loyalty was in him more 
strongly than in any man I ever knew ; and knowing that his allegiance was to- 
me, to me he came. 

" Never shall I forget the day of his arrival, nor the peculiar expression witli 
which he came to me. I saw that he was wrought up to the higliest pitch, and that 
the first thing for him was to rest. Day alter day he sought to engage me in 
the topic, and day after day I avoided it. At last, when he became solicitousto- 
hear ray views, 1 told him, no; he was to make out liLs own case. I gave him 
then, on a small slip of paper — I have it now — a single point [it was this : — The. 
Papal Supremacy ; i. Can the primacy of Peter in authority and power be 
established ? ii. If established, can it he shown that it was to be transmitted? 
iii. If designed to be transmitted, can it be proved to appertain to the Bishop- 
of Rome? The appeal to be, 1, to Scripture; 2, to ancient authors] in the 
great controversy between the Truth and Rome; and told him to go into 
my Library, and satisfy himself: when that was mastered, he should have 
the next. He spent five weeks with me. I never dictated to him even the 
shadow of an opinion. He traced the truth up to its first fountains. He 
looked for Popery in Holy Scripture and ancient authors ; and it was not 
there. He perfectly satisfied himself that the claims of Rome were arrogant 
and unfounded. He settled perfectly in the conviction, that the Church of 
his choice was a true and living branch of the Catholic Church of Christ. 
And he went forward, from that moment, increasing in wisdom and in stature, 
through the grace of her communion; and growing in knowledge and in 
virtue, by the wholesome nutriment of her divine instructions. Never did he 
cease to rejoice, that He had taken him from the mire and clay, and set his 
feet upon a rock, and ordered his goings. Never did he speak of that event- 
ful moment of his life, but with the devoutest gratitude to Hui, who had 
delivered him from the snare of the fowler. 



IN BUELIXGTOX. 457 

conversation, above all men that he had ever known, the system 
and the spirit of the Church.' After this, he spent a year at 
Burlington, pursuing his theological studies, and dignifying 
with pastoral assiduity and usefulness the humble (but as he,^ 
with the primitive Church, regarded it, the most serviceable, 
and therefore honourable,) office of Catechist. Of his devotion 
to the sick, and poor, and afflicted, in the parish, the memory 
will never fail. He never spared himself, and was never weary 
in the service of the needy and distressed. He travelled miles, 
at night, and through storms, to carry comforts or refreshments 
to the sick and dying. He would rise from his bed at midnight, 
that he might assist in turning a poor, bed-ridden boy. He was 
the almoner of the parish ; and never rested in the wildest storms 
of winter, till he knew that there was fuel in the house of every 
poor old woman. Meanwhile he was as a student most assiduous 
and profitable. A venerable presbyter, flimiliar, for forty years, 
with examinations for orders, declared his, the very best he ever 
attended." 

THE POETIC TALENT OF .MR. WIXSLOAV. 

'' The poetic talent," writes Bishop Doane, " which" Mr. 
Wiuslow " before his ordination had exercised to the delight 
and admiration of the Church, he sacredly repressed, upon his 
entrance to the holy office." From the collection of his poems 
published by the Bishop in 1841 — under the title "The True 
Catholic Churchman, in his Life and in his Death" — we give 
place to three. ^ 

THE CROSS. 

" AVhen we ri^e, the Cross ; when we lie down, the Cross ; in our thoughts, 
the Cross; in our studies, the Cross; every where and at every time, the Cross, 
— shining more glorious than the sun." — St. Chrysostom. 

The Cross, the Cross ! Oh, bid it rise 

Mid clouds about it curled, 
In bold relief against the skies, 

Beheld by all the world ; 



" I have put this narrative on record here, as part of the true history of the 
lamented subject of this memoir, on the one hand, that it may correct their 
error, who underrate the dangerous attraction of the Church of Rome ; and on 
the other, that it may reprove their calumny, who connect the teachings of 
the Catholic Church of Christ with the corniptions of the Papal schism."— 
Sermons and Remains of B. D. Winslov:, by Bishop Doane, pp. 57-61. 



458 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

■A sign to myriads far and wide, 

On every holy fane, 
Meet embieni of the Crucitied 

For our transgressions slain. 

The Cross, the Cross! •with solemn vow 

And fervent prayer to bless, 
'Upon tlie new born infant's brow 

The hallowed seal impress; 
A token f that in coming years, 

All else esteem'd bnt loss, 
He will press on through foes and fears, 

The soldier of the Cross. 

The Cross, the Cross ! upon the heart 

Oh ! seal the signet well. 
An amulet against each art 

And stratagem of hell ; 
-A hope, when other hopes shall cease, 

And worth all hopes beside, — 
The Christian's blessedness and peace, 

His joy and only pride. + 

The Cross ! the Cross I ye heralds blest 

"Who in the saving name, 
'Go forth to lands with sin opprest. 

The Cross of Christ proclaim I 
And so, mid idols lifted high, 

In truth and love reveal'd, 
-It may be seen by every eye, 

And stricken souls be heal'd. § 

The Cross I dear Church, the world is dark, 

And wrapt in shades of night,— 
Yet, lift but up within thy ark 

This source of living light. 
This emblem of our heavenly birth 

And claim to things divine. — 
So thou shalt go through all the earth, 

And conquer in this sign. || 



THE CnUECIT. 
"'To whom should we go ? Thou hast the words of eternal life." 

Mother ! I am sometimes told 

By the Avanderers in the dark, 
Fleeing from thy ancient fold, 

I must seek some newer ark. 

t See Baptismal office. 

I God forbid that I should glori/, save in the Cross of our Lord Jesus Christ. 
—St. Paul. 

§ As Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of 
Man be lifted up, that whosoever believeth in him shall not perish, but have 
everlasting life. — Jesus Christ. 

II In hoc sir/no vincis. The inscription on the Cross which appeared to 
Constantine. 



IN BURLIXGTOX. 459 

Tliou art worn, they say, with years, 

Qiiench'd the lustre of thine eye, 
Whence no blessed beam appears 

fright with radiance from on iiigh. 

Mother I then I liumbly say 

To the blinded sons of strife, 
Wliither shall I go away? 

She hath precious words of life. 
She hath watched with tender care, 

Led me throngh life's thorny ways, 
Taught me many a hallowed prayer, 

Many a fervent hymn of praise. 

Weeping by the blood-stain'd Cross, 

She hath whisper'd at my side, 
Son ! count ev'ry thing but dross. 

So thou win the Lamb who died ! 
She will guide me o'er the wave, 

Pointing to the rich reward ; 
Then at last beyond the grave. 

Give me, faithful, to her Lord. 

Mother ! can I ever turn 

From thy home, thy peaceful ark, 
"Where the lights celestial burn. 

When all else beside is dark ? 
Eather, those who tin-n away 

Let me seek with love to win, 
Till Christ's scatter'd sheep astray 

To thy fold are gather'd in. 



LOVE THEE TOO WELL. 
Composed on being warned not to love the Church too well. 

(a fact.) 

Love thee too well, dear mother Church! 

And can it ever be? 
Love thee too well, my Saviour's Ijride, 
For whom he stoop'd to earth, and died 

In mortal agony ? 

Love thee too well, who, when these feet 

Life's early pathway's trod, 
Hover'dst about my cradle bed, 
And onward thence my soul hast led, 

To seek the peace of God ! 

Love the too well ! it could not be: 

For can 1 e'er repay, 
The love which in thy bosom glow'd, 
And blessings day by day bestuw'd. 

To light me on my way ? 



460 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

At yonder consecrated fount 

That love was tirst reveal'd ; 
There shelter'd in thy tender arms, 
]\ly brow was laved with holy charms — 
With Heaven's own signet seal'd. 

Nor ended then thy watchful care, 

But still thou led'st me on, 
And bad'st me at the chancel bow, 
Antl kneeling there, myself avow 
God's steadfast champion. 

And ever as the season comes, 
My steps still there are led, 
AVhere thou, with all a mother's care, 
Dost for thy children's wants prepare 
The heaven-descended bread. 

Thou early taught'st my infant lips 
Thy strains of prayer and praise ; 
And rais'dst my heart from earthly toys. 
To look for higher, holier joys, 
By thy celestial lays. 

And as the rolling year glides on, 

"With thee I duly hie, 
To see my Ldrd at Bethlehem, 
Or crown'd with thorny diadem. 

On gloomy Calvary ; 

Or view him in the garden tomb, 

Secured by seal and stone ; 
Or mark him rend death's icy chain, 
And rising upward, mount again 
His everlasting throne. 

Untaught by thy maternal love, 

Where would this soul have been ? 
O'er schism's troubled billows tost. 
Or 'chance, alas ! for ever lost 
In the dark gulf of sin. 

Then, can I love thee e'er too well. 

Who so hast loved me? 
No! let the moments of my life 
With deep affection all be rife, 

And tender love to thee. 

Let all my powers, though weak and frail, 

Be ever wholly thine ; 
Since not a gift which man can bring, 
W^ould be too rich an offering, 

To proffer at thy shrine. 

Keep me, O keep me, mother, then, 

With thy unchanging love : 
And when earth's final hour has come. 
Conduct me to thy Master's home, 
In brighter worlds above. 



IN BURLINGTON. 4G1 

THE FIXAXCIAL CONDITION OF THE CHURCH. 

"The Committee appointed to report on the means, liabilities 
and expenditiu-es of St. Mary's Church, offer the following, as 
the result of their examinations : 

" 1st. As to the possessions of the Church, they consist of two 
kinds — real and personal. As the present object or enquiry, 
refers to income, the committee will name that part of the for- 
mer only, which produces rei-enuc, to wit. The lots on the Point, 
now in the tenure of Samuel R. Gummere, containing about 
twelve acres, which were divided into building lots in 1835, of 
25 feet front each, and offered for sale in August of that year, a 
few of which only were sold, in consequence, we believe of the 
tenant's opposition and protest. Without stopping to state par- 
ticulars, it will be sufficient to say that Mr. Gummere still holds 
possession of the property, and will most likely continue to do 
so till March, 1840, the end of his pretended lease, at the rent 
of 60 dollars a year ; not a cent of which has been paid, since 
the lease began, to wit, March 1835. 

"A Lot back of the Parsonage, containing about 3 acres rented 
to David Allen, at 25 dollars a year, but now, in the occupancy, 
the committee believe, of Mr. Binney. The Rent is paid up 
faithfully. 

" The Academy, two rooms on the lower story, rent for 50 dol- 
lars a year — one, to the Rector, and the other to the Messrs. 
Perkins for a place of instruction. 

'^A Lot on the extreme east point of Pearl street, on which 
James Horn has built a house, containing 100 feet on that street 
running down to low water mark. This is a very important lot, 
being the only outlet to the Delaware for all the Church prop- 
erty. The rent is but three dollars a year, and Horn has no 
claim upon it, either in Law or equity, nor can he pretend to 
have any except as a tenant at will. 

" Passing ov^er to the creek, the Church owns, w'ithout dispute, 
the strip of land, on the Last of the road, up to the dam, and 
all the way down to low water mark which has been rented as 
follows, since 1835 — 

Budd Sterling, 100 feet more or less $^10 a year. 

David Vansciver, 100 do do 10 do 

Sam' W Earl, 100 do do 10 do 

Gaskill & Son, 100 do do 10 do 

"On Vansciver's part, there are some old buildings which 
belong to the tenant, and by agreement, may be removed at 
his pleasure ; he paying the stipulated rent until such time. 
This ends the real estate. The personal consists of two bonds. 



462 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

one of Isaac Lippincott's for ^1600, & the other of Joseph 
Hall's for $600, both at 6 per cent, and well secured, on bond 
and mortffao-e. The income will stand thus : — 

Real Estate §178 a year 

Personal do 132 do 



$310 
"The committee will now briefly state the revenue of the 
Church from other sources, premising that it will be made in 
round numbers — for 12 months ending Oct 1" 
Income before mentioned from Real and personal Estate. $310 

Pew Rents 650 

Penny Collections 52 

Breaking ground 25 



$1037 
"It seems then, that the whole receipts are a little over one 
thousand dollars, — but it must be recollected that this is only 
on paper. The Question is, does that sum flow into the treas- 
ury every year ? It certainly does not — as the Committee have 
already shown — in the case of Mr. Gum mere at least, and per- 
haps some others. It is the opinion of the Committee, founded 
on unquestionable data, that if the holder of the lots on the 
point, had acted as he should have done, at the time of the sale 
in 1835, that the Church would now be in possession of an 
ample income. It is well known that buyers would not venture 
their inoney with the almost certain expectation of having to 
contend in law with the occupant. Since then the spirit of the 
times has gone out ; and now, even if the Church were in posses- 
sion of the lots, it is extremely questionable whether a sale 
could be made at anything like a fair price. Independent how- 
ever of this view of the matter, there is another, which regards 
the renting of the lots, the interests of the Church have been 
greatly injured in that respect by the course of conduct pursued 
by the present tenant, in holding the property in defiance of 
right — instead of $60, more than double that sum, might have 
been had, from responsible and punctual persons ;. and this not 
a mere matter of opinion, but a fact known probably to other 
members of the Vestry. Without pursuing this matter farther, 
the Committee will proceed to give a view of the expenditures 
of the Church; and first, they M^ill inform the Vestry, that the 
Church owes to the Episcopal Convention of the diocese of New 
Jersey, 1200, dollars on bond, the interest of which has not 



IN BURLIXGTOX. 46*^ 



O' 



been paid, since the money was borrowed, namely in July, 1835, 
amounting now, to nearly 200 dols. This money was borrowed 
under the authority of the Church, as will appear on reference 
to the proceedings of the Vestry, for the purpose of completing 
the alterations then being made. The interest at least should be 
paid ; Time does not obliterate, but on the contrary augments 
it. It becomes the Vestry then, to seek out some means to wipe- 
off the growing burthen, and that speedily. — 

$1200, at 6 percent... $72. 

Rector's Salary 700 

Sexton's $75 & assistant's $25.. lOa 

Fuel 50 

Candles & oil 50 

Incidental Expenses 75 

Organ Boy 5 



$1052 
"It will be noticed, that this estimate sets forth, only the stated 
or ordinary expenditures of the Vestry, and does not by any 
means include the numerous other expenses whicli are constantly 
being incurred, and which amount, take one year with another,, 
to $50 or more. But without regarding these for the present,, 
it would seem, that the regular annual charge, exceeds that of 
the annual income by $15, and this too, presuming that every 
cent of the income is collected, ^vhich is far from being the fact. 
"The Committee have, in the course of this report adverted to 
the necessity of paying otF the interest on the bond of $1200, 
due the diocese; they again more emphatically, call the atten- 
tion of the Vestry to that matter, as being of primary import- 
ance and consequence to both parties, but more particularly so 
to those to whom the money is due. It may be asked why 
enjoin a thing, which, under present circumstances seems im- 
practicable ? In reply the Committee would say, that in their 
opinion, silence on their part, would have been a dereliction of 
duty, in so vital a matter. As regards that part of the Com- 
mittee's enquiry which embraces the actual state of the accounts, 
since the last settlement, they beg the indulgence of the Vestry, 
'till another meeting. 

"All of which is Respectfully submitted 

'; John Thomas Is^ewton 1 ^.^,„,,.^^,,,, 
" James H. Sterling J 
"Dec. IGth, 1S37. 

— Original in Parish Archives.. 



464 HISTORY OF THE CHUKCH 

BISHOP DOAXE OX DR. WHARTOX's ACCOUXTS. 

^'Messrs. J. H. Sterling S: J. T. Newton, AVardens of St. 

Mary's Church, 

" Dear friexds, — I enclose to you, in your capacity as a 
Committee on the Accountsof St. Mary's Church, the final account 
of Dr. "Wharton's estate ; from which it will appear that there 
is a balance due me from the Church, as Residuary Legatee, of 
$493. 34J, which should appear in your statement; I having 
■overpaid for the use of the Church so much. 

" Very truly your friend & servant, 

"G. ^y. doaxe. 

"St. Mary's Parsonage, 10 Jan., 1838." 

ST. Mary's hall rapidly ixcreased. 
" The Institution for Female Education on Christian Princi- 
•ciples, St. Mary's Hall, Burlington, notwithstanding the disas- 
trous period at which it was commenced, has constantly and 
rapidly increased, even beyond the most sanguine expectations 
of its friends. It numbers at present fifty boarders and thirteen 
day scholars. Of the former, one in every ten, the daughter of 
a Clergyman deceased, or in necessitous circumstances, is re- 
ceived and educated without charge. The members of the 
household are all parishioners of St. Mary's Church, and the 
daily religious instruction is in strict accordance with the 
principles and institutions of the Church." — Episcopal Address. 

THE REV. EEXJAMIX DAYIS WIXSLOW, ASSISTAXT. 

The Rev. Benjamin Davis Winslow was ordained Deacon in 
.St. Mary's Church, June 3d, 1838, and immediately became 
Assistant to the Rt. Rev. the Rector of the Parish. 

The neighbouring parish of St. Stephen's, Willingborough, 
ibeing vacant, he supplied it one half of each Lord's day, for 
many months. " The present writer," says Bishop Doane, 
"has heard but very few sermons that were superior to his ; and 
the Hon. Horace Binney, a summer parishioner of St. Mary's 
Church, has often said, that he had heard none such from a young 
man. But far beyond even his ripeness as a scholar, and his 
manliness as a preacher, was the devotion of his unfailing benev- 
olence. He not only continued, but increased, his labours among 



IX BURLIXGTOX. 465 

the poor and the afflicted. It was his highest pleasure — more 
than his meat and drink — * to search for the sick, poor and im- 
potent people of the parish, to intimate their estates, names and 
places where they dwell, unto the Curate, that by his exhorta- 
tion they might be relieved with the alms of the parish- 
ioners or others ; ' and it was partly from these peculiar duties 
of the office, and partly from his surpassing modesty, that he 
lingered in spirit in the diaconate, and left it with a feeling of 
reluctance. He would carry any burden, to any distance, if it 
ministered to comfort. He walked miles to watch with a very 
sick woman. And once, when he found that the feelings of the 
family M'ould otherwise be hurt, he stole away, when he was 
sick enough to be in bed, to sit all night by the corpse of a 
negro boy. In him, the gift of mercy proved ' twice blessed.' 
There was not a citizen of Burlington that did not respect and 
desire to serve him." — Remains of B. D. Winsloiv, jyp. 74, 75. 

A FOXT GIVEX BY THE RECTOR. 

At a meeting of the Vestry held Dec. 28th, 1838, ''the Eector 
asked the Vestry's acceptance, as a Christmas gift, of the Bap- 
tismal Font, which he has placed in the Chancel for the use of 
the Church. 

"He also asked permission, if ISIrs. Bradford shall consent, to 
have the Silver Bowl presented by her late venerable father, the 
Hon. Elias Boudinot, and long used in the Church for the 
baptismal water, converted into a bason for the use of the Altar, 
in collecting the alms and offerings of the people. 

" Whereupon, On motion of Capt. Xewton, 

" Voted, That the Vestry accept, with the most grateful 
acknowledgments on their part, the Rector's beautiful and val- 
uable present, and accede to the proposition, embraced in the last 
part of his communication. 

" On motion, Capt. Xewton and Mr. AYilson were appointed 
a committee to confer with Mrs. Bradford, in relation to the 
proposition embraced in the Rector's communication ; and they 
were requested, at the same time, to convey to her the thanks 
of the Vestry for her valuable present of a Chair for the Chan- 
cel, made some time since." 

2g 



466 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 



^>- 



THANKS TO MRS. BRADFORD, FOR THE BISHOP S CHAIR. 

"Burlington, N. Jersey, 

"December 31st, 1838. 

"Dear Madam, — It is our pleasing lot to have been appointed 

a Committee by the Wardens & Vestry of St. Mary's Church 

to tender you their thanks for the very acceptable, splendid, and 

appropriate present of the Chair which now graces, and enriches 

its Chancel, and at the same time beg leave to express the regret 

that this demonstration of their gratitude, should have been 

tendered at so late a period ; but we ask, dear Madam, your 

acceptance of it now; and at the same time the compliments of 

the season from your 

" Most obt. servts. and friends, 

" Walter Wilson, 

" John Thomas New^ton, 

" Committee. 
" Mrs. Susan V. Bradford, 

" Burlington, N. Jersey." 

the baptismal bowl made into an alms bason. 

"At a Vestry meeting held Jan. 11th, 1839, the Committee 
appointed to wait on Mrs. Bradford reported that they had 
attended to that duty, and that Mrs. Bradford expressed her 
entire willingness to accede to the proposition in relation to the 
bowl. 

" On motion, Mr. Wilson and Capt. Newton were appointed 
a committee to have the bowl made into a plate for the Altar."f 

fThe two alms plates before mentioned in these pages, one from the silver 
of Mrs. Peirce, and the other from the bowl of Dr. Boudinot, were made the 
same vear, as the following bill shows: 

"Philad'a, Sept. 26, 1839. 
" St. Mary's Church, Burlington, Dr., 

" To Fletcher & Bennett, 
"For making 2 Silver Plates for Communion, weighing 35 oz. 

2 dwts., r« $30.00 

" For Engraving Inscription, & Cross, on both 7.65 

i?37.65 
"Credit by 18 dwt. Silver 1.15 

$36.50 
" Rec'd payment in full, 
" Oct. 5, 1839. " Fletcher & Bennett." 



IX BURLINGTOX. 467 

BISHOP DELANCEY PRESENT AT THE CONVENTION. 

May 29th, 1839. The 5(3th annual Convention was held in 
St. Mary's Church. A charge to the Clergy was delivered by 
the Bishop ; after which the Holy Communion was administered 
by him, assisted by the Rt. Rev. William H. DeLancey, D. D., 
Bishop of Western Xew York, the Rev. Edmund D. Barry, 
D. D., and the Rev. George Y. Morehouse. 

The Bishop then took the Chair, and called the Convention 
to order ; and having stated that the Rt. Rev. Dr. DeLancey 
was present, it was, on motion, resolved, that the Rt. Rev. the 
Bishop of Western Xew York be invited to an honorary seat in 
this Convention. The Rev. Messrs. Croes and Ward were 
appointed a Committee to conduct Bishop DeLancey f to the 
seat provided for him, on the right hand of the Bishop, 

DEATH AND BUEIAL OF PvEV. MPw W^INSLOAV. 

"It was in the midst of such usefulness, [see p. 464,] and in the 
bloom of domestic happiness, with a wife of less than a year beside 
him, that the keen eye of science detected, in the hidden malady 
which had distressed him [Mr. Winslow] for some months, the 
seeds of certain death. * * When he was 

told that all was given up by his physicians, not a feature 
of his countenance was changed. ' God's will be done!' was 
the immediate and becoming expression. Xay, if he might but 
be prepared, he would add, ' Even so, Lord Jesus, come quickly ! ' 
All his arrangements were made to the most minute detail ; 'as 
calmly,' one well remarked, 'as if he were going on a journey.' 
He spoke to all his friends, of his decease, with the serenity of 
an old saint, xill he was anxious for, he said, was for his sins. 

fOnly twenty days before— on the Feast of the Ascension, May 9th, 1839 — 
in St. Peter's Church, Auburn, X. Y., the Rev. Dr. DeLancey was consecrated 
as the tirst Bishop of the new Diocese of Western New York. On tlie evening 
preceding that solemnity Bishop Doane preaclied on ''The Inherited Deprav- 
ity of Man." By request, the sermon was publislied ; and in a prefatory 
note, the Bishop says: "Tliis discourse was one of a course of Lent Lectures, 
on the Fifty-first Psalm, delivered by the Author, in his parish Church of 
St. Mary's, Burlington. Being called upon, unexpectedly, to preach, in the 
presence of the Convention of the Diocese of Western New York, at Auburn, 
Avlien recently there to assist in the Consecration of his esteemed friend and 
brother, the Bishop elect of that Diocese, it was taken for that occasion, merely 
as the simple exposition of a fundamental truth."' 



468 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

Them, he liumbly trusted, he might cast, by faith, upon the 
bleeding Cross. He was from his chiklhood the most conscien- 
tious of beings. And, though, to all who knew him, his life 
seemed wrought, through grace, to the highest point of excel- 
lence attainable to man, to him, lie said, it all seemed sinful. 
Nevertheless, he rested on the atonement by Christ Jesus; and 
he desired his dying testimony to be recorded to the sufficiency 
and power of those principles and institutions, in M'hich, as a 
Catholic Churchman, he had lived, and hoped to die. * * 
On the day before his death, he spoke strongly of the entire 
sufficiency, for all the purposes of devotion, in every condition of 
life, of the Book of Common Prayer. He had the satisfaction 
to know that 'prayer had been made lo God for him continu- 
ally,' in his parish Church for many weeks; as in others in the 
diocese. * * As he lay serene and still, he gently 

raised his right hand, then as cold as stone, and traced upon his 
forehead, in silence and solemnity, the sign of the blessed Cross. 
We understood the omen. He was retracing his ba])tismal 
sign. He was renewing his baptismal dedication. He was 
confessing the Crucified once more before men. He was sealing 
himself for the sepulchre. * * He gradually sunk, 

breathed more and more faintly, and surrendered up his spirit 
to the God who gave it, so quietly that his latest breath could 
not be distinguished. 'So He giveth his beloved sleep.' 

His funeral was attended on Saturday morning, in St. Mary's 
Church ; the Bishop of the diocese, as he had requested, scarcely 
performing the funeral service. After which he w^as borne to 
the grave by his sorrowing brethren, and followed by a weeping 
community. His funeral sermon was to have been preached on 
Sunday morning : but was deferred until the afternoon, at the 
instance of the Presbyterian minister; who, in the name of his 
own congregation, and those of the Baptists and Methodists, 
requested that arrangement in a most truly Christian letter : f 

t "Right Reverend and Dear Sir: 

"You are aware of the deep sympathy of all denominations of Christians, 
in the jjresent affliction of your family and Churclu The departure of "Wins- 
low, has spread a gloom over the fommunity, of Avhich he was a useful and 
cherisjied mem))er. For one, I loved and honoured him for his Christian 



IX BURLINGTON. 4G9 

* * And, notwithstanding the violence of the storm, 
the Church was filled to overflowing. So easy is it to be a 
decided and consistent Churchman; and yet, by a holy life and 
charitable conversation, secure the universal favour." — Itcmains 
of B. D. Winsloic, pp. 75-79. 

OBITUARY NOTICE. 

"Died, at St. Mary's Cottage, Green Bank, Burlington, New 
Jersey, on Thursday morning, November 21, the Rev. Benja- 
min Davis Winslow, Assistant to the Rector of St. Mary's 
Church, in the 25th year of his age. xV more untimely death 
than this, as men account of time, has seldom been recorded. 
But He who 'doeth all things well ' hath put the times and the 
seasons in his own power: and, since the blessed Son of God, when 
he became incarnate for our sins, was contented not to know 



zeal and integrity; and I but express the opinion of the innltitude, in this 
testimony to his virtuous character. 

" It has been reported that the funeral sermon is to be preached to-morrow 
morning; and it is the object of this note humbly to suggest whether you 
might not yield to the desire of many from other denominations, and postpone 
it till the afternoon. The Methodists and Baptists have do service at that 
time; and we would love to transfer our worship to the solemnities of your 
own sanctuary. 

"In humbly making this proposal, T am not aware how far the expectation 
of your own congregation (which is of course to be specially consulted,) would 
be grieved and disappointed by any postponement. And there may be other 
reasons, adverse to granting our desires, of which you yourself are the sole 
judge. But, if in any way, it would be consistent with the arrangements of 
the Sabbath to allow very many others to unite in their expressions interest 
and sympathy, we would all esteem it a favour. At the same time, I repeat, 
that a denial would be considered as springing from the very best of reasons. 
" With great regard and respect, yours, 

" CORTLANDT VaN ReNSSEI.AER." 

"Burlington, Saturday morning." 

"My Very Kind Feiexd: 

" I have received your most Christian note ; and hasten to say, that your 
request shall be complied with. It was my purpose to attempt to pay the 
tribute of a bleeding heart to my dear child, to-raorrow morning; audit is 
more usual with us to do so. But I most cheerfully adopt the arrangement 
you so considerately .suggest ; and to which every consideration, but that of 
absolute duty, should have been yielded, without a moment's hesitation. 
Accept my cordial thanks for the manner in which you have spoken of my 
beloved^ sou and brother, to whose rare Christian graces you do but justice; 
and believe me, most affectionately, and faithfully, your friend, 

" George W. Doane.'' 

" Riverside, Saturday morning." 



470 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

either the day or the hour, it becomes us reverently to submit 
assured that though we know not now, we shall know hereafter. 
Another and a fuller opportunity will be embraced to turn to 
their just account the eminent virtues of this young saint. The 
present writer never knew a man whose character could be 
adopted, to depict more clearly and more fully the true cath- 
olic CHURCHMAN, IN HIS LIFE, AND IN HIS DEATH : and tO 

that pious duty, if it please God to give him time and strength, 
he proposes to devote himself, as the best service he can render 
to the Church, of which the beloved Winslow, even at his years, 
Avas a pillar and an ornament. For the present, let it suffice, 
with a bleeding heart and a trembling hand, to twine around 
this polished shaft in our sanctuary — fallen, indeed, yet match- 
less in its beauty — a few funereal flowers, the tribute of true love 
to his beloved and imperishable memory." 

THE rector's CHRISTMAS PASTORAL. 

"To the Parishioners of St. 3Iarys Church: 

" Brethren Beloved in the Lord, The cheerful Christ- 
mas season comes to us, this year, in clouds. On our most holy 
places, the habiliments of woe have but just yielded to the 
garments of rejoicing. With the myrtle, and the laurel, and 
the box, that testify our gratitude and gladness for a Redeemer 
born, there is a mingling of funereal cypress. A new grave 
garners, till the resurrection morning, the precious dust of the 
beloved Winslow. What then ? Shall we not rejoice at ' the 
good tidings of great joy,' that ' unto us is born, this day, in 
the city of David, a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord?' ' Oh, 
say not so,' said he, in his last days, to one, who spoke of having 
a gloomy Christmas, on account of his decease — 'Oh, say not 
so, but think what we should all be, but for the birth which 
Christmas-day commemorates ! ' Beloved, it is even so. The 
Christian's joy must always be ' with trembling.' The Chris- 
tian's sorrow can never be ' without hope.' 'And this alternation 
of joy and sorrow;' as one has beautifully said, 'of joy not 
unsubdued, and sorrow not unmitigated, is characteristic of that 
divine system, through which the Church would train her 



IN BURLINGTOX. 471 

-children for heaven. Each week has its Fast, as well as its 
Feast ; as if to teach us that would we rise with Christ, we must 
also suffer with Him. AVe are ushered, through Vigils, into 
Festivals; and are moulded into fitness for our Easter joy, by 
the penitential discipline of Lent. Our joy is never all joyful, 
neither is our sorrow all sorrowful. We sorrow, as having hope 
elsewhere ; and rejoice, as still in the body. Such is the 
Church's portion, while militant in the world. Soon the world 
shall melt away from around her; then shall she rejoice without 
sorrowing.' That in that blessed season of the Church's joy, 
we may all rejoice through grace, ' with joy unspeakable and 
full of glory,' devoutly prays your friend and Christian Pastor. 

"George "W. Doaxe." 

"Riverside, St. Thomas' Day, 1839." 

THE GEAVE OF THE EEV. MR. WINSLOW. 

The spot where Mr. Winslow's remains repose, is marked 
•with a large headstone, having a cross, with the sacred mono- 
gram, at the top, and under it these words : 

" Sacred to the memory of the Rev. Benjamin Davis AVinslow, 
A. M., assistant to the Rector of St. Mary's Church, who died 
Nov. 21, MDCCCXXXIX, in the twenty-fifth year of his age, 
' looking unto Jesus.' The Bishop of New Jersey, to whom he 
was as a son, thus sorrows for him, as a father ; but not as they 
who have no hope ; since them who sleep in Jesus, will God 
bring with him." f 

DEATH OF A STUDENT IX THEOLOGY. 

About the middle of the north side, of St. Mary's Church- 
yard, there is a horizontal slab, on which we read : " Beneath 

t In the stained glass window, on the South side of the choir, in the chancel 
of the new St. Mary's Church, we read: 



IN MEMORIAM Bev. 

JIujus Eccleske Rectorem adju 



Benjamin Davis Winsloic, A. M. 
vantis, A. D. MDCCCXXXIX. 



472 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

this stone rest thejnortal remains of James C. Hulme, whose 
redeemed spirit entered into glory February 29th, 1840. He 
was born in Burlington, N. J., Septr. 30th, 1809. Being born 
again through the grace of God, he devoted himself to the Min- 
istry of the Gospel in the Protestant Episcopal Church. In his 
education for this purpose he was a graduate of the University 
of Pennsylvania, and a student in the Theological Seminary cf 
Virginia; but before his preparation for an earthly ministry 
Avas finished, God called him to minister in the Church above. 
Meekness and gentleness, the fruits of spiritual piety, combined 
to render him attractive to the many friends, whose love encom- 
passed him on earth, and to evince his meetness for the king- 
dom of God, whither he has gone. His hope rested upon the 
perfect obedience of the Lord Jesus Christ, in whom being jus- 
tified by faith he had peace with God. 'Thou wilt keep him 
in perfect peace, whose mind is stayed on thee, because he 
trusteth in thee.' Isaiah xxvi., 3." 

BISHOP DOAXE ACCEPTS AX IXVITATIOX TO VISIT EXGLAXD. 

" When the act of the British parliament was passed, in 1786, 
authorizing the Archbishop of Canterbury to consecrate Bishops 
for the United States of America, without the usual oaths of 
supremacy and obedience, it was expressly provided that no per- 
sons receiving consecration by virtue of that Act, or receiving 
consecration or ordination from those consecrated under it, 
should be permitted to officiate within the jurisdiction of the 
Church of England. Whatever had been the original occasion 
for any such restriction had, in the judgment of all, long since 
ceased to exist ; and those whose office or whose relations made 
them familiar with its operation in the prevention of catholic 
intercourse, and in the seeming disparagement of the Orders of 
a sister Church, liad long desired its removal. It was not until 
the last year that this result, chiefly through the agency of the 
present venerable Primate, f was happily accomplished. 

"The first moment of the repeal of these disabilities was 
embraced by the author's kind and zealous friend, the Vicar of 

t Tlie !^^ost Reverend "William Howley, D. D., Lord Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, 



IN BURLINGTON. 473 

Leeds, to urge his visiting his brethren of the Church of Eng- 
land ; and the approaching consecration of the magnificent par- 
ish Church, which, chiefly through his exertions, has the just 
repute of being the noblest sacred structure reared in modern 
times, in England, was eloquently pressed upon him as the fit 
occasion. Objectionable as the Act must be regarded in some 
of its details, it seemed a Catholic duty to accept a Catholic 
overture in a Catholic spirit; and the decision to accept the 
invitation of the A^icar of Leeds, f cordially approved as it was 
by his most excellent Diocesan, was sent to him by the return 
of mail." — Introduction to Bp. Doane's Sermons, London, 1842.. 

ACTION OF THE CONVENTIOX OX THE BISHOP's PROPOSED 

ABSENCE. 

At the annual Convention, held in St. Mary's, Burlington, 
May 26th and 27th, 1841, during the proceedings of the second 
dav, the Bishop having called the Rev. Dr. Barry to the Chair, 
retired, when the following resolutions relative to the departure 
of the Bishop of the diocese on a visit to