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Full text of "History of Columbia, S.C. Greek-American colony, 1884-1934"

PRESBYTERIAN COLLEGE LIBRARY 



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HISTORY OF 
COLUMBIA, S. C 

GREEK-AMERICAN 
COLONY 

♦ 1884 ♦ 1934 ♦ 



Dear Sir or Madam, : 

Kindly accept this brochure as an ingratiating ges- 
ture from the part of your Greek- American citizens and 
their children. After reading please preserve same as an 
historical docv/nient. Respectfully., 

The Greek- American Citizens of Columbia,. 




d In cooperation by the members of Columbia 
oreek-Amerlcan Colony and their friends. 
By D. Adallis, Author 



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CENTRAL ICE CREAM AND CANDY CO 

1005-1007 MAIN STREET 
TELEPHONE 3179 

ICECREAM — MILK — FOUNTAIN SUPPLIES 

"BEST BY TEST" 

COLUMBIA, SOUTH CAROLINA 





JSC, Jones South Caroliniana 
Out of interest in the history 



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of South Carolina 
Presented and fostered by 

Dudley Jones 
to the Presbyterian College 



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NEW CHEVROLET FOR 1934 



Knee-action wheels, more power, more speed, more weight, yet 
greater economy than ever before. Ask for a demonstration. 



CENTRAL CHEVROLET CO. 

COLUMBIA, S. C. 



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STEIN KING BEER 

A Stein Full of Joy 



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STEIN KING BEER COMPANY 

Phone 6170 COLUMBIA, S. C. 803 Gervais St. 



You WilLK 8 miles a day 

^ Just ^Housework 




Refresh yourself 
Bounce back to normal 



Up and down. In and out. Round and round. Of 
course, you get tired. Refresh yourself with an ice^ 
cold bottle of Coca'Cola from your refrigerator, and 
bounce back to normal. Really delicious, it invites a 
pause — ihe pause that refreshes . . . Order from your ^ 
grocer just as you order groceries. 

COLUMBIA COCA-COLA BOTTLING CO. 
COLUMBIA. S. C. 



SB-150-17 



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CONFECTIONERY 



Home Z^We Caddies. 
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Carolina Extract Co. 

Manufacturers of 

FLAVORING EXTRACTS FOR 
THE TRADE 



Phone 4252 



Columbia, S. C. 



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Commercial 
Laboratories Co., Inc. 

Manufacturers of 

SOAPS, DISINFECTANTS and 
DRY CLEANING PRODUCTS 



Box 491 



Columbia, S. C. 



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We wish to express our deep ap- 
preciation of the many favors we 
have received from our Greek pa- 
trons and friends. 



C. D. KENNY CO. 

1424 Assembly St., Columbia, S. C. 




Columbia Stone Co. 

C. Jos. Nlggel, Pres. & Treas. 

Sawed and Cut Stone for Building 
ind Monumental Work — Tile Bath 
Rooms and 6x6 Red Tile for Porch 
Work — Estimates Furnished on 
Application in or Out of City. 

Office and Works: Elmwood Ave. 
and S. A. L. Crossing, Columbia, 
S. C— Telephone 5511. 



Thoughtfulness 



When tlie need for our service arises, 
our first endeavor is to relieve you of 
all responsibility. We arrange every 
detail with dignity and reverent care, 
and witli sincere thoughtfulness try to 
soften sorrow. By adding human un- 
derstanding to experienced and relia- 
ble service we hope to merit your con- 
fidence. 



Dunbar Funeral Home 

FUNERAL DIRECTORS 



Private Ambulance Service 



Phone 9998 Columbia, S. C. 




STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA 

OFFICE OF THE GOVERNOR 
COLUMBIA 



I. C. BLACKWOOD 
Governor 

CHAS. H. GERALD 

Secretary 



February 21, 1934. 




As Governor of South Carolina, I have 
great pleasure in extending to you a cor- 
dial welcome to the State of South Caro- 
lina. South Carolina places a high estimate 
upon the value of her Greek citizenship. 
The grandeur and glory of ancient Greece 
has not deserted her people during an 
experience of more than 2000 years. Rep- 
resentatives of the Hellenic race wherever 
located on the globe display the attributes 
of patriotism, courage and honesty. De- 
spite the vicissitudes of time and place, Grecian hearts and Grecian minds 
still worship at the shrine of excellence in those things that are worthwhile 
to a race. I ahvays expect worthy things from the Greeks and hope for them 
great achievements. 

Respectfully, 

I. C. BLACKWOOD. 



Gov/LBW 



CITY OF COLUMBIA 

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT 

COLUMBIA, S. C. 



L. B. OWENS, Mayor 



January 25, 1934. 




There are thirty-one Greek-American 
famihes in Columbia, South Carolina. Ninety- 
three children born here; 60% United States 
citizens. 

Columbia is very proud of its Greek col- 
ony. They are thrifty and ambitious. They 
believe in education and helping to raise the 
standard of citizenship. 

There is no Nation that has a finer back- 
ground than the Greeks. It is a historic 
Nation. Their deeds and achievements date 
back to the beginning of history. Many of 
the Ancient Greek had college educations, 
and most brilliant minds. The Greeks of 
Columbia have a right to be proud of their 
Ancestry. 

I want you to know that you are here 
among friends and that you are appreciated, 
and that we stand ready at any time to help 
you in any way possible. 

We wish you and your children happiness, 
prosperity and long lives. 

(Signed) L. B. OWENS, 
Mayor City of Columbia, S. C. 



CITY OF COLUMBIA 

DEPARTMENT OF POLICE 

COLUMBIA, S. C. 



L. B. OWENS, Mayor 
and Superintendent of Police 

HEYWARD BROCKINTON 
Recorder 



W. H. RAWLINSON 

Chief of Police 



B. HUGHEY 
Clerk 



February 20, 1934. 

To Whom It May Concern : 

In my capacity as Chief of the Police Department, I have made a number 
of friends among the Greek citizens of Columbia. My association with them 
has been a happy one, and they have proven to me their worth as honest men 
and law-abiding citizens. I found them ready to uphold and obey the laws and 
ordinances of the city and cooperate willinglj^ with the Police Department. 

I cannot remember, within my experience as a member of the Police force 
for many years, any one of the Greek race arrested for a serious crime in 
Columbia. I can cheerfully testify that they enjoy a reputation for being 
peaceful in public life and home-loving in private life. 

The Police Department of Columbia wishes them continued success. 

Faithfully and sincerely yours, 

W. H. RAWLINSON, Chief of Police. 



AMONG OUR FRIENDS 



"If a man be gracious to strangers, it shows that he is a citizen of 
the world, and his heart. . . a continent" — Bacon. 

The traditional Southern hospitality has never been on the wane in 
South Carolina. It ever reposes in its noble breast and, like its beaming 
sun, radiates courtesy and friendliness to all alike. It gladdens the heart 
and transmutes strangers and aliens into trusting friends. 

Hospitality is the most cherished tradition in this State of lofty ideals 
and fearless pioneering. From the very beginning of its glorious his- 
tory, South Carolina has pioneered and mustered up its forces in the 
cause of freedom — of government as well as of the conscience: That 
people had the right to express themselves freely and be governed by 
their will. Caste or the idea that one man had more right than another 
because of his caste, fame, or high station in life had no advocates in 
South Carolina. All men were created equal, and the one who acted 
best his part, was true to his obligations, who was willing to help others 
and ready to give to others the rights that he claimed for himself, was 
the most fitted to rise and govern. 

So it was in the days of the Lords Proprietors when South Carolina 
was threatened by the arbitrary rule of the aristocracy, "We don't want 
aristocracy to take root in our land," it said, "but we want you to govern 
the land" by and with the advice, assent, and approbation of the Free- 
man of this territory through their deputies or delegates." 

The same jealous love for liberty and social integrity aroused the peo- 
ple of South Carolina to a man in defense of state sovereignty and white 
supremacy, and out of a population of 55,000, 44,000 volunteered in de- 
fense of its domestic institutions. What a glorious sacrifice! 

It was South Carolina that pioneered the idea and set it as a foundation 
in the constitution, that the government of a people must derive its 
powers from the consent of the governed and its system must be auton- 
omous. And these dauntless principles enlarged the South Carolinian 
heart, made it deep, the most feeling and the most hospitable. They 
crystalized into a tradition. 

So, once more, I declare, the tradition of hospitality can never be on 
the wane in South Carolina. It is a great spiritual power, "a genuine 
emanation from the heart," as Washington Irving says, "which cannot be 
described but is immediately felt, and puts the stranger at once at his 
ease." 

With such generous hospitality this writer has been welcomed by the 
citizens of Columbia. I approached the chief magistrate of the city. His 
Honor Dr. L. B. Owens. During a lifetime of my missionary endeavors, 
I can truthfully state, I have never been the recipient of such a welcome 
and such generous response. I found in him the embodiment of the 
glorious South Carolina traditions. I am emphasizing it because my 
heart is full of gratefulness and appreciation. Shedding off for a moment 
his magisterial dignity, he became a man of high sentiments and full of 
sympathy towards the endeavors of a little colony of citizens of Greek 
origin who, through this writer, were trying to express their love and 
devotion to the country of their adoption, as well as their gratitude for 
the blessings and benefits they were made welcome to share with their 
American fellow-citizens here in Columbia. Radiant in the ample heart 
of the Mayor Dr. L. B. Owens, "hospitality was sitting with gladness." 

I met Councillor Dr. M. M. Rice, who, as a private citizen and as a 
health officer, was glad to testify to the endeavors of the Greeks in ob- 
serving the sanitary ordinances at their homes as well as in their busi- 
ness places. "Their places of business," this sterling hearted councillor 
declares, "are usually found in good locations and always have high 
ratings given them by the Health Department. Cleanliness and order- 
liness are evidenced on every hand, and their general observance of the 
law and order is commendable." As a practicing physician Dr. M. M. 
Rice's self-sacrificing generosity has become a proverb in Columbia. "I 

{Continued on Page 8) 
6 



FOREWORD 



Ancient Greeks and Modern Americans 



The American nation, physically, is a composite of different nationalities, 
chiefly of Germanic or Nordic races who were the first to colonize the 
land; but in the essentials of progressiveness, intellectuality and courage, 
the American people are the spiritual children of Greece and heirs to all 
her imperishable traditions; that is, the same spirit that animated the old 
Greeks to great achievements is animating the Americans of today into 
achievements that in magnitude and daring, surely, have never been rivaled 
through the ages. 

There are so many striking similarities between the old Greeks and the 
modern Americans that make a pleasing revelation. There is that daunt- 
less American enterprising spirit, for instance, in a Lindbergh, that beards 
the roaring Atlantic in its realm singlehanded with an airplane, that has 
its counterpart in that mythical feat of Leander's swimming across the 
Hellespont. The same bold, adventurous spirit that impelled Jason and 
his Argonauts in search of the Golden Fleece had also, after many cen- 
turies emboldened Captain John Smith and his colonizers to dare the 
perils of the seas in search of the Land of Golden Opportunity — the 
golden maize and the golden leaf. 

It was this circumambient power of daring and adventure that peopled 
this land and developed in them a character marvelous for its buoyancy, 
keenness of vision, directness in action, energy, audacity, inventiveness and 
versatile manysidedness — the American Genius that digs a Panama Canal, 
that carves Roosevelt Dams in desert places, drills into the earth for oil, 
ploughs whole kingdoms for wheat, invents marvels, invests millions on 
an inflammable celluloid, revels in mass production, erects Empire State 
Buildings, makes princely fortunes out of a five-cent package of goods, and 
governs the greatest Republic of all Ages. 

The same old Grecian nervous energy is manifesting itself in the Ameri- 
can of today. Thucydides characterized the Greeks as a people who be- 
lieved in hard work and regarded leisure as a disagreeable and wearisome 
occupation. One of the most outstanding traits of a Greek — old or mod- 
ern — is his love to be always first in success, "always to be best and excell- 
ing others." 

The Greeks, like the Ainericans, believed in competition; for "compe- 
tition," says Hesiod, "stirs a man to work even though he be inactive. 
Neighbor vies with neighbor, potter grudges potter, and craftsman, crafts- 
man! Good is this competition." . . . 

The same love for freedom that rules the hearts of our present-day 
political leaders ruled also the very being of Demosthenes, when, in the 
the name of free institutions, he climbed Mars Hill and appealed to the 
Athenian sense of honor, of dut}' — to their sense of moral responsibility 
and enlightened patriotism — to fight against the autocratic Macedonian. 

Like George Washington, Pericles was first in the hearts of his fellow- 
countrymen: "The First Citizen of Athens." . . . 

Indeed, at every angle the American sees himself in the £ild Greek; he 
feels the kinship — and may we not, the modern Greeks who have de- 
scended from such a people, who are now found among you here, sharing 
with you, in equal measure, the blessings and benefits bestowed upon the 
land by the blending of these splendid qualities in those who founded it, 
humbly claiming a portion of this heritage, such as we are, seek your right 
hand of friendship? 

7 



AMONG OUR FRIENDS 



{Continued from Page 6) 

have a good practice among my Greek friends," he added, "and one and 
all have been loyal to me. One family especially, that of my staunch 
friend, Mr. Peter Pechilis, I came to love and admire, because of its 
ideal integrity and the splendid children it presented to the city." 

Similar in tone were the kind and warm expressions of Councilman Mr. 
Gary Paschal, as a school teacher and as an attorney, the young council- 
man is a fervent admirer of the ancient glories of Greece and her present 
day descendants. Mr. Paschal, in his official capacity, is the God Prome- 
theus of fire and lightning, and as a sylvan Pan that of the trees and 
parks. 

I regret that I haven't had the pleasure of meeting the other two 
Councillors: Mr. W. D. Barnett, the Olympian God of water, school, and 
law: that is, the triune Pluto, Athena, and Themis. Nor Mr. W. P. 
Eleazer in his capacity as Hyphaestus — the God of smoke! 

As a tall, handsome, powerful young man in police uniform was pass- 
ing by, my friend, pointing at him, said, "that's our beloved Chief of 
Police, straight as a cypress." He is, indeed, an Apollo. And I said, "he's 
the finest of all the fine chiefs of police Pve seen for many years." Please 
read his generous letter and be on the top of the long list of his ad- 
mirers. As a private citizen, an officer of the law, and a newly-married 
mortal. Chief Rawlinson truly radiates confidence, security and hap- 
piness. 

The Hebrews have ever been known for their benevolence and humane 
sympathy. "They were honored in their generations and were the glory 
of the times," says the Ecclesiastes. In Columbia the local Hebrew 
Benevolent Society, through its President Mr. L. Strasburger and C, 
Kassell, it's secretary-treasurer, has endeared itself among the poor and 
won the respect of the citizens of Columbia for its ready cooperation in 
laudable movements. I wish the Greeks would follow in their footsteps, 
and learn that "'Tis the spirit in which the gift is rich," and that "giving 
requires good sense." 

The president of the Chamber of Commerce and the head Chrysan- 
themum of his floral company, Mr. Wm. E. DeLoache won our heart 
with the wreapt way he listened to this writer. While I was pouring out 
pertinent words in regard to my mission, his polite attention reminded 
me the words of Emerson: "Life is not so short but there is always 
time enough for courtesy." I am glad to cooperate in your laudable 
movement; my dealings with your people has been highly satisfactory," 
he said; and as he was saying, he put his words to practice there and then. 
The Chamber of Commerce is truly proud to have such a fine public- 
spirited ctizen as its presiding official. 

Mr. J. S. Dunbar, the much lovable funeral director of Columbia, moral, 
sensible and well-bred, received us like a noble as he is by affiliation as 
of heart. I found him a good friend of the Greeks, and a professional 
gentleman, who seems to have genuinely devoted his lifetime to his call- 
ing. His spacious rooms, the orderliness of his chapel, his anterooms 
and office, reflected, as it usually does, the owner's character and his 
ambition is to excel in service by sparing mourners needless efforts and 
greater comforts. He stands ever ready and at all hours, without you 
being obligated, to render you valuable advice and helpful aid whenever 
you're in need of his excellent service. He welcomes visitors with his 
characteristic hospitality and sends them off by placing his closed cars 
at their disposal. By the way Air. Dunbar is the only Columbia member 
of the Certified Funeral Advisers. He staunchlv believes in the Sans- 
crit saying: "ALL WE CAN HOLD IN OUR COLD HANDS IS 
WHAT WE HAVE GIVEN AWAY."— 



R. R. Bruner, manager of Columbia Coca-Cola Bottling Company, re- 
ceived us with extreme courtesy. He seemed to have made courtesy a 
science, and it sat on him with grace that charms the receiver at first 
sight and encourages him to appreciate its friendliness; for, "There is no 
outward sign of true courtesy that does not rest on deep moral founda- 
tion" says Goethe. "I have a number of friends among j^our people," 
he said, "and I am in full sympathy with their movement. Your people 
make good citizens and excellent dealers in soft drinks, fruits and 
candies — which are really the things that nourish the body and refresh 
the mind." 

I met the delectable W. D. Summer, the cheerful distributor of the 
cheery Pabst Blue Ribbon Beer and found him, like the product he 
handles, the "Best of the Better." Twenty-one years of public life had 
convinced this progressive young merchant that among the race of men, 
there are good, bad, weak, wise, and foolish members — and I am one of 
them, he thinks — 

"Then why should I sit in the scorners' seat. 
Or hurl the cynics' ban? 

Let me live in my house by the side of the road. 
And be a friend to man." (from S. Walter Foss.) 

And, by golly, he is sure-enough a friend. He understands human 
nature and good-hearted hospitable as he is, he treats them with unfail- 
ing courtesy and consideration. He knows that the "Stein Song" elevates 
the heart and the golden liquid, if drunk moderately, restores confidence 
in human-kind. That's why you see W. D. Summer, like the morning 
summer sun, always smiling and always responding. 

Mr. E. Leier, commercial manager of the Broad River Power Co., rep- 
resents power — healthy mental power — potent electric power. Seeing 
there is power in silence and in thought, he transmits his sentiments 
through their silent currents than in audible words. It has been a 
pleasure to meet him and sample his sympathetic cooperation. 

Mr. R. W. Cain is the ruling genius of Jefferson Hotel, and this sump- 
tuous hostelry Columbia's prized jewel in point of hospitality and com- 
fort. Mr. Cain is the mirror of courtesy, and as Sir Philip Sidney puts it, 
"high erected thoughts sit in a heart of courtesy." 

One of the highly public spirited manufacturers of Columbia is the 
ever alert J. B. Allen, of the Allen Brothers Milling Co. Inspired by a 
patriotic sentiment he named his best flour after the immortal general, 
Wade Hampton, the heroic son of Columbia. Let us emulate him and 
remember our heroes who have shed their blood for the prestige and 
glory of our beloved South Carolina. 

Mr. F. E. Robinson of the Merchants Wholesale Grocer, Inc., has a 
wholesome air which is as genial as the light itself. He shows a fine 
sense of hospitality and likes to see the Greeks organize under their own 
color and become a more progressive element — integral and harmonious. 
We say Amen to his wish and fully concur with him. We are proud to 
count hiin as one of our genuine friends. 

Mr. O. W. Hartness of the King Stein Brewing Co., always hale and 
hearty, sits in his chair like a king — with the stein as his sceptre. We 
met him and liked him for his abundant geniality and cheer. "The Greeks 
are an appreciative class of people," he said. "I never had any trouble 
with them. They are my good friends." To this C. H. Duke, the ac- 
countant gave ready assent. "I second the motion with the same 
alacrity," he declared. As a Columbian I've known the Greeks for seven- 
teen years (of course he's older than 17, being born in 1907.) and have 
lots of friends amongst them, ditto is my verdict." Then a libation was 
offered to the Greek gods, or to St, Gabrinus, which inspired my friend 
Peter Pechilis into thanking them for both of us. 



So far as the older Reamer — of the Reamer Ice and Fuel Co., is con- 
cerned Hurrah! for him. Candidly, I have never seen a merchant deal- 
ing in ICE to possess such a wondrously warm heart. I want to repeat 
the undying verse of James T. Fields: 

"How sweet and gracious, even in common speech, 
Is that fine sense which men call courtesy! . . . 
It gives its owner a passport round the globe." 

Such men as he are the salt of the earth and warmth in a cold world. 

Mr. J. M. Evans, treasurer of the Evans Motor Co., stalwart and busi- 
ness-like, listened to what we had to tell him. As the minutes are 
precious to him and to his business, he saved them with a surprising tact 
and courtesy and made, them coimt in-DEED. Cicero once said to his 
dealer: 'In dealing you should consider, what you intend and not what 
you say.' For 'he gives twice who gives quickly.' 

Exactly the same responsiveness was also manifested by our friend, 
W. C. Peeler. He welcomed us and made us happy by his act — And I 
will say recalling a beautiful saying: "Those who make us happy are 
always thankful to us for being so, their gratitude is the reward of their 
benefits." Isn't it so? Ask Mr. W. C. Peeler, he knows it to be so. The 
Greeks are my loyal friends, he told us; and here's one more of them in 
the person of this humble writer. 

An honest, industrious man and a good responsible citizen is always 
appreciated and is bound to have friends. Mr. Peter Pechilis of Peter's 
Dry Cleaning Co., is such a one. He has friends and these good friends 
have shown him that they appreciate his loyalty and his business. Mr. 
Keenan of the Columbia Petroleum Co., i^ one, Mr. Gordon of the City 
Ice Co., is another, Mr. Clark of the Central Chevrolet Co., is one more, 
the excellent University graduates and expert chemists who own and 
control the Commercial Laboratories Co., Inc. — Messrs. J. M. Jones, 
President C. F. Piper, Jr., Vice-Pres. Allen Rembert, Sec'y and David 
Rembert, Treasurer are among them wholeheartedly. They are availing 
of this opportunity and applauding him for his untiring efforts — stranger 
as he was and poor in the language of the land — to built up a business of 
his own and bring up his children decently. Starting with a peanut- 
roaster, Mr. Peter Pechilis, by dent of hard work and long hours, suc- 
ceeded in establishing an up-to-date and sizeable cleaning plant, and his 
friends, who watched him through, take now the pleasure to wish him 
continued success. "Peter is a progressive business man, a good citizen, 
and an excellent father to his children," they testify. And Peter Pechilis 
repeats the words of Cicero. "He who acknowledges a kindness has it 
still, and he who has a grateful sense of it has requitted it" — of course, 
meaning himself. Mr. Pechilis fervently thanks them. 

Mohammed in his Koran enjoins the faithful with the following com- 
mand. "When saluted with a salutation, salute the person with a bet- 
ter salutation, or at least return the same, for God taketh account of all 
things." I certainly return, not a better, but a more grateful salutation 
of thanks to those of the noble race who have received and assisted me 
in the success of my mission. They are Messrs. M. Levin of Carolina 
Tobacco Co., I. Ginsberg, Jr., of Columbia Cigar and Tobacco Co., Mr. 
Hoffman of Carolina Paper Co., and Stanley P. Turkus of Southern 
Equipment Co. One and all, they were prompt, they were glad, they 
were genuinely interested in the promotion of our laudable effort. Their 
Greek friends — who are many — truly appreciate their cooperation. In be- 
half of Sterghiou Brothers of Greenwood, S. C, I greet them, especially 
Mr. S. P. Turkus, their family friend. "Do not consider what you may 
do," says a Roman Emperor, "but what it will become you to have done 
— and let that thought subdue your mind." 

The list is too long to give each one his due. Mr. Moffatt B. DuPre 
doesn't need introduction or preamble. Which one of the Greeks doesn't 
know him? Ivory — Ivory the bottler — Ivory the honest, toiling soft 
drink maker — Ivory in his silent tower, let us greet him, for this writer 

10 



considers the small space he has contracted in this book larger than any 
other of same, for he'll dig deeper than any other to pay for it. 

The captain who pilots Palmetto Candy Co., has a word to say about 
the Greeks and especially about his friend Lawson D. Goore. And he 
can't say it more readily as his other friend, Mr. Marion Burnside of the 
Columbia Auto Co., who spontaneously said, "I'm glad Lawson, to take 
a space in the book and show you I esteem your friendship and past 
favors." Now, that's the right spirit. A man must live and, darn it, 
let others live, too. And to receive their token in an honest manner is 
the best thanks that Goore and this writer can offer them. 

Mr. Cunningham of the Lumber Co., put his seal of approval on our 
mission. He has a Greek friend — James Siokos — and he spoke highly 
of him as well as others of his acquaintances. Mr. Cunningham is our 
true friend." 

Mr. A. G. Dent is a dealer in meats and Mr. Quinn in furniture, but in 
the expression of their high sentiments towards the Greek-Americans of 
Columbia both were identical. And certainly, we herewith, shall not 
noli equi denies inspicere donati — whatever that means in Latin. We. 
indeed, thank them for their willing cooperation. 

Mr. Roy of the Germany-Roy-Brown Co., produce merchants was just 
as sympathetic as Mr. J. T. Goggans of the C. C. Pearce Co., of the same 
line, was — that is, "Every gift is of noble origin and breathed upon by 
Hopes' perpetual breath," as Wordsworth puts it, rather diplomatically. 
Well, sirs, one hand washes the other and both together the face. Let 
my friend Lawson Goore gore it to the heart. 

Timeo Danaos et dona ferentes, (fear the Greek who bears you gifts). 
In other words, watch for Air. Adallis, who is spreading it so thick and 
smooth. Yet, to tell the truth, Adallis' given name is Diogenes! There- 
fore, he takes gifts with a sigh, for he knows that most of the givers ex- 
pect to be — well, never mind. For him any gift without the giver is 
of small count, because he values the will more than the gift — and the 
giver more than the gift. 

Frank Gibbes, agent of the National Cash Register Co., J. E. Timber- 
lake of Thomas and Howard Grocer Co., H. A. Young of the Capital 
Laundry, as if by a mysterious, telepathic agreement expressed the same 
generous sentiment for their Greek friends, with almost the same words. 
We were indeed surprised. All of these blessed gentlemen have ever 
been nothing but the best citizens of their respective precincts — and cer- 
tainly they could never have had "Grapevine" communications with one 
another. The thought was the same: "Greeks have been friends to us 
for fifty years. Let us show them that we have valued their friendship 
all through these years; and any^how, it is not what one does but what 
he feels that makes the gentleman. 

This phase of mutual understanding between the Greek and his dealer 
was made more plain by our candid friend, Mr. C. W. Ridgeway of the 
Nehi Bottling Co.. as well as by Mr. J. Louis Murray, distributor of 
Bastian-Blessing Soda Fountains and Taj'lor Freezers. Both of them are 
good and generous and their Greek friends everj'where appreciate their 
token of friendship. 

Mr. George H. Ropp, manager of Richland Dairies, was profuse in 
his praises. "The Greeks are good business men, they are endowed with 
sagacity- and superlative industry. I can count many friends amongst 
them who have been loyal to me, and to my company." Thank you. Air. 
Ropp, for your words! 

Of the same mind was the energetic genius of C. D. Kenny Co. Read 
his announcement elsewhere. In view of the laudable scope of this his- 
torical brochure, Air. R. B. Roberts forgot for a moment to display the 
products they handle and poured his sincere well wishes on the space he 
so promptly contracted for. Bravo! 

11 



The most industrious, the most hale and hearty dairyman that visits 
Columbia from Lykesland is the powerfully built, good hearted A. M, 
McGregor. He brings with him to every customer he has the sweet 
smell of his cow shed, and the hay and the feed his healthy cows munch 
contentedly, and boo about. Try McGregor's raw milk. Of course, 
you'll not boo about it, nor crow, but, I assure you, you'll enjoy it, and 
it, (that is the milk) will make you strong and healthy. If you doubt 
me, ask the Reverend Doctor Eleazer Poledurel. Laurinton dairy's get- 
ting more friends day by day. 

We present Mr. H. L. Middleton of Columbia Ice and Fuel Plant. If 
you have never met him, and have no time to do so, call him up on the 
phone and hear him answer. Since television is in its experiinental stage, 
we might use one-sixth sense, that is telepathy — . Mr. Middleton's voice, 
therefore, pictures to; your mental eye, a courteous, patient, but also an 
alert business man. 'T know and am greatly interested in the progress 
my Greek friends are making here. Give them my well wishes. I have 
the cream of their trade," he said. Mr. Middleton has our warm friend- 
ship. 

South Carolina's fauna embraces doves, rabbits, squirrels, opossums, 
ducks, quail, foxes and soforth. During hunting season, which one of the 
hunters^ will not remember our beloved S. B. -McMaster and go to ask 
his blessings and benedictions before going to hunt? Only a few, only 
a few. Although my esteemed old friend and fellow-church member is 
not much given to pronouncing benedictions by raising his hand over 
you with the thumb across his extended fingers, he is genial enough to 
jog you along and bless you with an earnest hope and wish that you'll 
or may not be Balaam's ass and take another hunter for a deer by mis- 
take, and level your gun at him! Our dear friend S. B. who used to 
pat children on the back and seat and tell them to be quiet and good, 
and not make so much noise, is a confirmed bachelor — but he has the 
heart and disposition of a Jacob and twelve children all right. He carries 
all sorts of sporting goods, and will sell you any gun as long as he knows 
that thou shalt not transgress the Tenth Commandment. 

Palmetto Fish Co., has Mr. Geo. H. Dieter as its manager. Yes, man- 
ager? He's the whole fish of it, the whole tackle — bait and all. We 
found him, like an electric dynamo, full of energy, and with a mind, I 
might be bold to say of many facets. He can listen to you, pay atten- 
tion to his trade, greet his friends, watch his employees, nod at a pass- 
ing customer, and answer you effectively and miraculously without 
giving you the slightest hint that he had understood you before even 
you uttered the first word. Men like Dieter are like whales in this world — ■ 
giants — super men. 

Mr. Henry Lorick and Columbia's mercantile progress go hand in 
hand. He's like the granite of Columbia of which the State capitol is 
built. His firm had supplied most of the materials which went to com- 
plete the city's leading hotels — twelve good hotels including two of the 
best and largest in South Carolina. The firm has one of the most pro- 
gressive and level-headed managers in its retail department, and that 
gentleman is Mr. Hooks, who is just as responsive as Columbia is for 
progress and achievements. Mr. Hooks is in full sympathy with the 
objective of this little book. "It's a laudable object," he said; "the Greeks 
of Columbia are worthy to invite more appreciation from their native 
fellow-citizens. They are contributing to Columbia's growth and pros- 
perity, and make splendid restauranteurs and confectioners." 

Mr. S. B. Parler of Eison, Inc., florists, received us just as smilingly as 
the rose, carnation, or flowers that he deals in and braids wreaths, and 
with which he gladdens homes, birthdays, marriages, and christenings. 
Under Columbia's equable climate, with her beautiful sun beaming over 
them, some of the flowers that Eison, Inc., grow, are more fragrant and 
infinitely more brilliant in color than those grown in greenhouses up 
chilly north. Mr. Parler has qualities which we like and admire like we 
do his flowers. 

12 



Dr. O. L. Walter of the Optical Co., has all the well wishes in the 
world for the little Greek colony of Columbia, and his numerous friends. 
He owns one of the best equipped optical laboratories in the south. Dr. 
Walter has the confidence of his large clientele. 

Mr. Murray of McKesson-Murray Drug Co., like the high-quality ex- 
tracts, essences, and spirits his nationally known firm distills and extracts, 
is the quint essence of courtesy and hospitality. Our interview with him, 
busy as he always is, was brief but like the distilled attar of roses, full 
of fragrance and exhaling the aromatic spirits of sympathy. "It's a good 
thing that you're doing; I am in full sympathy with you," he declared. 

W. J. Reeder of the State Food Co., the reliable dealers in sea food, 
has a warm corner in the confidence of his numerous customers. He has 
spent a lifetime in the business — so much so that, I believe, he can tell 
you the age of a fish by its size and fins — without being finnicky about 
it. His skill and experience in handling fish makes him one of the highly 
efificient fish dealers in the South, and his courtesy is never failing — as 
much as his ambition is to cater the freshest sea food in the market to 
please his friends and customers. 

Mr. S. F. Thomason, secretary and manager of the Star Laundry Co., 
was clean and sweet-smelling like the clothes he launders. A progres- 
sive and public-spirited man, devoted to the growth and prosperity of 
his beloved city, and trying to instill the same spirit into all its residents. 
In a city like Columbia which has approximately 200 plants employing 
7,000 people with an annual payroll of seven million dollars, Mr. 
Thomason stands in the front rank, like a star. 

Mr. Copeland, Columbia's well-loved clothier, is one of the staunch 
pillars in the city's business health and prosperity, his store is an ele- 
gantly fitted establishment; his stock up-to-date and the pink of fashion; 
and his personnel courteous and anxious to please. Copeland Company 
is an institution, and its service the most excellent. 

In 1830 Columbia had a population of .3,310 souls; in 1930 it showed a 
healthy and a most gratifying growth, with an increase of 72,000 inhabi- 
tants in the city and its adjacent suburbs. Although the greater portion 
of Columbia, during Sherman's occupation, was devastated by fire, the 
city arose like a phoenix from its ashes and became noted for its edu- 
cational, economic, and social life. Ruff Hardware Co., grew along with 
it. It's progressive manager, Mr. J. M. Anderson, who reflects optimism 
and confidence, is truly proud of Columbia and its citizens — and its little 
Greek colon}' is, indeed, proud of their sturdy friend. 

Mr. Caughman, of the Central Ice Cream and Candy Co., knows the 
Greeks and likes them for their industriousness and thrifty qualities. He's 
always glad to meet them and give them the benefit of his valuable ex- 
perience in the lines he handles. Such merchants as Mr. Caughman com- 
mands the esteem of both the Greeks and the native born alike. 

When Dr. J. S. Hammack took over the management of the Marion 
Hotel, he aspired to give Columbia a clean and wholesome entertaining 
center and a comfortable hostelry with all modern conveniences and de- 
sirable service. He is a man of a few words, but in energy a dynamo. 
Dr. Hammack is a public-spirited man, a prominent Elk, who is always 
ready to cooperate in laudable movements that have the welfare of Co- 
lumbia in view. For the past fifteen years of his active business life Dr. 
Hammack has made his name known as such. Marion Hotel now houses 
a dining room, a ball room, a cozy little lobby, and clean comfortable 
beds. 



13 



C. C. PEARCE AND COMPANY 

Wholesale Fruits, Produce and Grocers' Specialties 

MODERN COLD STORAGE 

Distributors "SKOOKUM" Apples, Sun Kist and Red Ball Oranges 

"CAL" Lemons 

TELEPHONE 4315 

For Good Health Eat Seafood: FISH, SHRIMP, OYSTERS 
And Drink BUDWEISER 



PALMETTO FISH AND OYSTER COMPANY 

LADY AND LINCOLN STREETS, COLUMBIA 

COLUMBIA AUTO COMPANY 

DISTRIBUTORS 
I DeSOTO - PLYMOUTH - HUPP - WILLYS - WHITE TRUCKS 



1218 Lady Street 



COLUMBIA, S. C. 



Phone 3023 



^»^^**^#^*sr**^#s#^*^#^#s**^*^*^^r^^#^#^#^#^r^^#^#^#s#^»^^#^#^#^»^^*s#^#^#^#^#*^*^#s»^#^*^^#^#^*^#^**^^ 



COMPLIMENTS OF 

MERCHANTS WHOLESALE GROCERY, Inc. 

COLUMBIA, S. C. 

14 



THE GREAT AMERICAN EMPIRE 



The Birth of the American Nation — Greek 
Americans of Pi-eimmigration Period 



AMERICA! When Greece was the glory of the world and ruled the 
empire of the intellect by her laws, learning and liberty: when blind 
Homer sang his Iliad to the accompaniment of his lyre, or, later, Socrates 
propounded his philosophy on the market place of Athens, — and Greeks 
were the spiritual masters of the vast Roman Empire upon the shores of an 
unknown continent there stretched an empire vaster than all the known 
world, and more majestic in its virgin grandeur. The Indians were its 
undisputed masters. In its limitless virgin forests their war-whoop echoed 
from hill to lake. They saw their Great Spirit in the rising sun and 
they worshipped it; they saw an implacable Genius in the storms and 
floods and they feared it. Their imperial court was around a blazing 
council-fire, and their chariot the canoe. They were truly the unchal- 
lenged masters of a virgin continent, "where no human foot had ever 
trod and no human eye ever penetrated," but their own. 

AMERICA! "Her mighty lakes, like oceans of liquid silver; her moun- 
tains with their bright aerial tints; her valleys teeming with wild fertility; 
her tremendous cataracts thundering in their solitudes; her boundless 
plains, waving with spontaneous verdure; her broad deep rivers, rolling 
in solemn silence to the ocean; her trackless forests where vegetation 
puts forth all its magnificence ..." thus raptured Washington Irving. 
Truly God's Country! 

Into this sublime vastness, whose virgin atmosphere was pure of in- 
justice, tyrann}', hypocrisy, of religious intolerance and persecution, of 
arrogant aristocracy, and brutality of rulers, came pilgrims and colonizers 
— from England, France, Germany, Holland, Spain, thej' came to these 
virgin soil seeking liberty and freedom — . 

As they cultivated their plots and plowed their fields they began to 
think (how couldn't they, amid such thought-provoking sublimity of 
the sky, forest and water?) and while they lifted their eyes around them 
they saw their Creator. And out of this thought and revelation was 
born the immortal Declaration of Independence. Man stood forth in 
all his pristine majesty and power — a Human Being, with the Breath 
of the Mightier than the Mightiest in his soul, and created bj^ Him with 
the right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. 

As this sacred principle commenced to elaborate itself before his vision 
it developed in him power for action, and he rose to realize his divine 
inheritance by forging his ploughshare into an instrument of righteous- 
ness. In other words, he laid down his principles and began to fight 
for them. All men were created equal. 

For seven long years he bled himself while fighting for the principles 
he had thus evolved. And God sent him a man greater than Moses, a 
man who offered up his life and his fortune for his country and lifted 
his voice and arm for freedom." The great George Washington, who, 
with the power of God in his soul, led him on to victory. 

Those who fought were truly inspired men: they went through hell; 
they endured cold, hunger, nakedness. "Their bare feet were seen 
through their wornout shoes; their clothes not sufficient to cover their 
nakedness; their shirts hanging in strings; their hair clotted with blood 
and mud. . . cold stung them like a whip, their huts were like dungeons; 
sick men lay in filthy hovels, covered only by their rags, dying and dead 
comrades by their sides ..." Hunger raged among them. "One of 

15 



them driven to the last extreme of hunger, ate his own fingers up to 
the joints before he died. They were unhumanly treated by the British. 
They ate clay, the lime, the stone of their prison walls in British prisons; 
several who had died in the yards had pieces of bark, wood, clay, and 
stones in their mouths, which raving hunger had caused them to take 
in the last agonies of life. . ." 

But at Yorktown victory at last was won. Bear this in mind when 
you hear the strains of Yankee Doodle; thank and pray for their souls. 
For by their supreme sacrific they have established the freedom you 
now enjoy and share with their decendants. Be grateful. 

Real Americanism started with them and upon the sacred altar of 
their self-sacrifice, soon after, the Constitution of the United States was 
framed. "This is a government of the people," it said, "by the people, 
for the people: whose just powers are derived from the consent of the 
governed; a democracy in a republic; a sovereign nation of many sov- 
ereign states; a perfect union, one and inseparable, established upon the 
principle of freedom, equality, justice, and humanity." Indeed, a su- 
preme masterpiece — a Holy Charter, born of God and "voicing the har- 
mony of the world!" 

THIS God-born Constitution began to light the world like a beacon, 
guiding hitherward the persecuted and the downtrodden of many lands. 
Under its benign protection (and God showering His manifold blessings) 
the nation began to gather strength. It grew and prospered, and as it 
enjoyed its blessing, its heart expanded with sympathy and kindness. 
"Greater desire filled its bosom, to help each other" and humanity in 
general. So, the benevolently disposed American Nation opened its 
gates to all the nations of the world with indiscriminate generosity. In 
came the Jew, the Slav, the Latin, and the Oriental. In came the Greeks 
and the Balkans — 

Some were insensible to these sacred traditions and selfishly sought 
economic independence at a great cost to the nation. Some came to 
loot and depart with the loot. Some stuck like leeches and sucked and 
grew fat without contributing anything in return. But a great many 
others came to cast their lot with the descendants of the heroes of the 
Revolution, share of their blessings, and offer in return whatever was 
best and noblest in their nature, the most precious of traditions they had 
inherited from their forefathers, as a token of gratefulness and good 
faith. 

Among the last comers were the Greeks. At first they came in dif- 
fidently. Among them were many who came with an aim and departed 
shortly after it was realized. At anj^ rate, they were too old and raw 
to be able to assimilate themselves with the spirit or institutions of 
America. But they left the younger generation behind them. And this 
young generation, as it grew in girth, education, and outlook, became 
Americanized to an extent that they conceived in affection for the country. 

It has been a great privilege for this writer to be able to lead them on 
into demonstrating their affection in an open, visible manner, by or- 
ganizing themselves. At last, after twelve years of unremitting work, 
his efforts were crowned' and an association was formed among the 
progressive Grecians for the promotion and encouragement of loyalty 
to the United States of America; allegiance to its flag; support to its 
Constitution, obedience to its laws, and reverence for its history and 
tradition. And now the American Hellenic Educational Progressive 
Association, in point of patriotism and example, is the most ardent than 
any kindred organization ever conceived and framed by any nationality 
in America. I am proud to say that our beloved President, Franklin D. 
Roosevelt — God bless him and keep him in good health — is a full member 
of it, and, in all humility, this writer his spiritual father, so to say. Twelve 
years of constant missionary work among them, together with the train- 
ing they received in American camps during the war, helped to materialize 
this writer's lifelong ambition. For this writer, son of an agent of the 

16 



American Board of Commissioners, at the age of six could recite every 
word of the National Anthem and declaim out of his Swinton the ride 
of Paul Revere and the execution of Nathan Hale. In other words, in 
spirit and in truth, he was born an American. 

But in the beginning of the present century there were only a few 
thousand Greeks in America. Up to 188^ there were approximately 126 
Greeks in the United States. Up to 1892 about 3,000; up to 1902, about 
45,000. The great onrush started during the years that followed these 
three preiods, when they began to immigrate in waves of twenty and 
thirty thousand yearly. 

I would like to emphasize here that those immigrants of any nation- 
ality whatsoever who came to this country with a moral purpose, for a 
sacred cause, let us say — for freedom of thought and action, and the 
enjoyment of a peaceful life eventually distinguished themselves, much 
to the credit of the American nation, in various occupations. So were 
the handful of Greeks of the late eighteenth and the early nineteenth 
centuries — those who sought shelter from Turkish massacres and op- 
pressions. For example; the first governor of Alaska was a Greek in 
1783, according to Bancroft. The Reverend George Papadakis was a 
chaplain in the Confederate Army during the Civil War, and later, rector 
of the Grace Church in Memphis. Dr. Sophocles was for 41 years pro- 
fessor at Harvard. Dr. John Zachos, curator of Cooper Union in New 
York for 28 years. Col. Lucas Miller was a member of the Wisconsin 
Assembly; Captain George Calvocoresses (a refugee from the massacres 
in the island of Chios) was head of a military academy in Vermont. His 
son. Rear Admiral George Patridge Calvocoresses was appointed by 
Admiral Dewey at the battle of Manilla executive officer of his flagship, 
and later, was commandant at the Naval Academy at Annapolis. Dr. 
Michael Anagnos was director of the famous Perkins Institute for the 
Blind at Boston. 

So, the third period immigrants, which includes the Columbia Greeks, 
those I am going to mention presently were rather from the sturdy 
working classes of provincial Greece, who were inspired by their preced- 
ing friends to come to this country for work. They were from the 
younger generation, in their twenties and early thirties — they came here 
seeking work. As I can recall, few of them returned, the rest served as 
a background for the fourth period immigrants, most of whom were 
youths over sixteen years of age. 

Therefore, to the fourth period immigrants belongs most of the honor 
of participating under the Old Glory in the Great War — some 60,000 
of them from an aggregate number of 300,000. 



COMPLIMENTS OP 

McKESSON-MURRAY DRUG CO. 

COLUMBIA, S. C. 



17 




Cunningham Lumber 

Company, Inc. 

639 Elmwood Ave. Phone 5002 

Our Motto "To Please" 

Columbia, S. C. 



BLACKMON^S 

ONE STOP STATION 

1226 Taylor St. Phone 5520 

"Open Day and Night" 

GAS - OIL - Washing- - Greasing 
and Vulcanizing 



' ^«^#^#^r^^^r«^#s#^#^#^#^^#^»^^»^#^^^^^^^^^^^#^^#^#'«^^«^#'#^^^^#^«^#^^^^^«^»^»^«^^«^«^«^#v#v#^#^#^#^^^ ( 



Compliments of 
New Method Laundry 



805 Main St. 



Phone 21823 



"It's a pleasure to be associated 
with my friends. ' ' 

RICHARD I. LANE 

Candidate for 

STATE SENATOR 

Richland County 



Ruff Hardware Co. 

1649 Main St. Phone 7184 

Housewares — Glassware — China 
Lawn and Garden Supplies 
Builders Supplies — Paints 
General Hardware 

Compliments 

Germany-Roy- Brown Co. 

Wholesale 

FRUITS AND PRODUCE 

Columbia, S. C. 



, ^«^#^#>^^<#^sr«sr«^#^s#^«^r^^#^#^rs*^^«^»^«^«^#s#^«^#^#^#^#^#s#«s#sr^«^«^#^r«s«s»«^«^«s#^#>r«v#^^#s#^#^^ ' 



COMPLIMENTS OF 

CAPITOL CAFE 

Where Good Meals and Quick Service Prevail 



1210 Main Street 



Phone 5925 



1736 Main Street 



ELITE CAFE— A Welcome Place 

"Service With A Smile" 

Columbia, S. C. 



HISTOEICAL SKETCH OF COLUMBIA 
GREEK COLONY 



(Chronologically Arranged) 



Fifty j'cars ago the first Greek pioneer who found his way to Colum- 
bia from Charleston harbor had been an orphan lad whom Greek sailors 
had taken aboard their ship as a cabin boy and brought him over to 
America long before that. He was only twelve years of age then. His 
father had lost his life in a shipwreck, and his mother had succumbed to 
her sorrow and died soon after. The unfortunate boy couldn't remem- 
ber his family name. Constantine was his Christian name, and the sturdy 
seafarers had to prefer on him the name of his birthplace, calling him 
Constantine Koumulezos. 

Constantine, although of a seafaring stock, could not reconcile himself 
to a roving life on the seven seas. While he was ashore on liberty in 
Charleston he became acquainted with Charleston's oldest Greek sailor- 
pioneers, the Schiadaressi brothers. Captain D. Schaidaressi, one of the 
brothers, who had just renounced the, adventures of the sea to a peace- 
ful business life ashore, fully sympathising with the little lad, gave him 
his protection and a place in his fruit store. Columbia was a small town 
then, in the throes of recovery from Sherman's devastations. But some 
years after his apprenticeship at Schiadaressi brothers Constantine was in- 
spired with an ambition to strike out for himself. And in 1884, packing 
his little sailor bag, he made bold to seek his fortune in Columbia. 

Very few Columbians can recall him to memory now. He was a 
quiet, unobtrusive fellow, reserved from early childhood, and anxious to 
earn an honest living. What was his first occupation and how did he 
manage to open a small fruit store in the neighborhood of Richland 
Street, it must remain a mystery. But he seems to have made good at 
it, for finally he got married to a native girl and presently became the 
father of a robust son, who, I am told, is now emploj'ed at the Norfolk 
and Western railroad yards at Norfolk. 

Constantine was still living when seven Anogeate-Spartans, hearing of 
a better business opportunity in Columbia, came here from Augusta, Ga., 
in 1896. They were Vasil Kanellos, Jim Evrines, John Syrios, S. J. 
Xepapas, N. J. Xepapas, the Theofilakos brothers and Soterios Papadakos. 
They, of course, met Constantine, but by this time the pioneer must have 
Americanized himself so thoroughly as to confide to them more of his 



Columbia's Leading Florist 
'fUfwenThaHQst' 





Compliments of 

MOFFATT B. DuPRE 



1442 Main St., Columbia, S. C. 

Telephones : Day 4620, Night 4621 

S. B. PARLER, Prop. 

MEMBER F. T. D. 



WHOLESALE PRODUCE 



Columbia, S. C. 



19 



^«^#^#^r«^r^«^r«^#^#^#^#^#^#^#v#^#^«^#^#^#^#^»^>#^#^r^^«^r«^#^#^#^#^#^#^#«^#^#^#^#^^«^^#^r«^«^#^#^^ 



EYES EXAMINED 

GLASSES FITTED 



0. L. Walter Optical Co. 

1221 Main St. Columbia, S. C. 



Compliments of j! 

Copeland Company ^ 



Home of Good Glothes 



1409 Main St. Columbia, S. C. 



old life than what they could glean, now and then, from his conversations. 
And about three years after their landing, Constantine Kouniulezos de- 
parted this life, known to a few, but loved and respected by many who 
had come in contact with him during his career in Columbia. 

Therefore, he was the first Greek that Columbia received of that race, 
and he has the priority. The seven Anogeate Spartans who followed him 
are all now scattered about — some back in the old country prosperous, 
some continuing to eke out a living elsewhere. But they did not disperse 
all in a group as they had come. Nick J. Xepapas stayed the longest, 
went into a lucrative business, prospered and brought over some of his 
relatives to succeed him. 

In 1898 Louis G. Kanellos arrived. It was the first day of January, 
he claims — an auspicious day! He was a youth when he came, he worked 
hard, got into several business enterprises, got married, brought up chil- 
dren, and remained faithful to Columbia. And by virtue of his priority 
he is now the oldest living pioneer of Spartan-Greek origin and, we 
might say, the Father of the colony. One year after his advent Peter 
K. Xepapas, also a little chap, came directly to this city. His brother 
had preceded him several years before. In 1905 Peter ran the fruit and 
cigar stand at the old Transfer Office. In 1908, with Louis G. Kanellos, 
he opened the Star Restaurant, then, later, the Royal Restaurant. In 
1917 he volunteered to serve in the World War under the Stars and 
Stripes. 



COMPLIMENTS OF 

ALLEN BROS. MILLING COMPANY 

Manufacturers of 
HIGH GRADE FLOUR, MEAL AND FEED 




South Carolina's Largest and Columbia's Only Flour Mill 



COLUMBIA, S. C. 



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20 




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L 



Shell Gasoline 



Quaker State Motor Oil 



Solvents 



Greases 



COLUMBIA PETROLEUM COMPANY 




About 1900 Pete Grites and, a year later, Geo. J. Xepapas came to 
town, in 1905 Louis Malloy with others of his compatriots arrived, and 
when in 1913 Nick Constan landed here, the Anogeate-Spartans were 
well established in Columbia forming themselves into an integral group. 
Even before that, with the exception of a very few Evrytan-Hellenes 
who were here, the Anogeate-Spartans had already made considerable 
progress in their respective businesses, and also as permanent citizens of 
Columbia. From the uplands of Sparta (Anogea means upland) they came 
to America, strong of body, sure-footed, plodding immigrants, believing 
in hard work and a thrifty life, possessing some of the qualities that had 
made the old Spartans world famous. In ancient days Lycurgus had 
given them their laws. He was the Spartan who had put health and the 
love of home above all other qualifications, and abolished gold and silver 
currency by substituting heavy iron coins. So that to cart a dollar's worth 
of change to the market place the Spartans needed big wheelbarrows. 
Their favorite meal was the "Black Broth" or the MELAS ZOMOS, 
which they ate at a common table. Their supreme ideal was their love 
for their city-state and to die in its defense. During a war, when the 
Spartan mother handed her son his shield, she enjoined: EI TAN EI 
EPI TAN: — Either return with it or upon it. (But never show white 
feathers!) 

In 1908 this writer came to Columbia and found — (I can't resist quoting 
the delectable words from the beautiful brochure of the Chamber of Com- 
merce entitled, Tarry Awhile In Columbia) — "An equable climate afford- 



COMPLIMENTS OF 

METROPOLITAN CAFE 



'THE OLD RELIABLE" 



1520 MAIN STREET 



COLUMBIA, S. C. 



PHONE 7849 



21 



COMPLIMENTS OF 

EVANS MOTOR COMPANY 



DIAL 8103— THEN COUNT THE MINUTES 



COLUMBIA, S. C. 



ing, at noontime, the healthful brilliance of a Southern sun and, at twi- 
light, the invigorating breath of the Appalachian foothills stealing down 
through whispering forests. Here, the best qualities of nature's kindliest 
physician — (what a delicious poetical effervescence! Refreshing, indeed!) 
— combine to make Columbia a delightful place in which to live!" 

This writer therefore, enthralled by such a prospect remained to be- 
come eventually a member of the First Presbyterian church and a can- 
didate for matriculation at the Presbyterian Seminar^'. And while tarry- 
ing in the beautiful city of the South, and eating Iodine State vegetables 
and food in order to absorb enough iodine to ward off imbecility, goiter, 
and dwarfistic fears (!?) he took note of the progress his people were 
making here. The Metropolitan Cafe was already a going concern with 
Agesilaos Colovos as it's founder. Many a meal did this writer take there 
and many of the seminary students did he meet and made friends there. 

The opening of the Metropolitan Cafe was a signal for Evrytanian in- 
vasion. One after the other they came to Columbia and, one after the 
other, they started lunchrooms, and constituted themselves the next pow- 
erful group of Greek rivalry in the harmonious city. 

We have Zacharias and James Siokos and Bill Nickas, along with the 
rest of their industrious, strong-bodied compatriots, settled in the city, 
married here, bringing up children, loving Columbia as their adopted city, 
and as the birthplace of their offspring. They are affiliated with frater- 
nal organizations — Masons and Shriners, and are proud naturalized citi- 
zens. 



COMPLIMENTS OF 




■*Sr^S#V*V*S#^#V#S#V»*V*V#V**S#V*S#^^#>»^#S#Sr<#S#V#^#S#V»< 



FRANK aiBBS, SALES AGENT 

The National Cash Register Company 



1118 TAYLOR STREET 



PHONE 9653 



COLUMBIA, S. C. 



22 



The Evrytans came from the 
upper mainland of Greece. They 
have ever been an emigrating class 
of Greeks, they are born business 
men — tireless in their efforts to 
promote themselves and wax fii- 
nancially independent. They love 
their home and family, and, in 
many respects, they are a superior 
class. Many of them served ap- 
prenticeships before coming to 
America, in various parts of the 
world — especially in Constantino- 
ple. In Greece the Army loves to 
recruit them into its finest regi- 
ment — the EVZONES — who serve 
as Presidential Guards. Their 
foustanella or skirt is of snow- 
white fabric, and together with 
their colorful embroidered jackets, 
they make a charmingly pictur- 
esque body of soldiers. They are 
selected because of their inherent 
sense of loyalty to duty and for 
their magnificent pltysique. In the 
Greek war of Independence the 
Karpenisiotes carved for them- 
selves a record for heroic sacrfices. 
Columbia has also Greeks from 
other sections of the mother coun- 
try. Twenty-one years ago Peter 
Pechilis selected Columbia as his 
future home. His life is a record 
of achievements in business as well 
as in bringing up his children 
Spartan-like. When he arrived 
here, he started by vending pea- 
nuts, but his faith in his ability 
and his confidence in Columbia 
never for one moment wavered. 
By dint of hard work, he gradually 
began to forge ahead. He opened a store, introduced hat clean- 
ing, then added dry cleaning. He became efficient and conscientious 
in his work; he made friends, and, then, installed a complete drj'-clean- 
ing plant, which is up-to-date and large enough to handle any volume 
of business at all. As a father, Mr. Peter Pechilis commands the admira- 
tion and respect of those who know him intimately. He is bringing up 




NICK WM, NICKAS 

In the uniform of the EVZONES 
— the Presidential Guard of Greece 
— born at Columbia November 28, 
1929. 




COMPLIMENTS OF 



JEFFERSON HOTEL 



COLUMBIA, S. C. 



23 




-#^#N#N*>#>r*v#. 



1 



930 Gervais Street 



COMPLIMENTS OF 

T. LOUIS MURRAY 

Columbia, S. C. 



Distributor 



BASTIAN-BLESSING COMPANY 

Chicago, 111. 

SODA FOUNTAINS 

TAYLOR FREEZER CORPORATION 

Beloit, Wis. 

TAYLOR FREEZERS 



five children all born here and all good, dutiful, and industrious. We ad- 
mire Mr. Pechilis for his public-spiritedness — he is always ready and 
willing to take active part in any movement that tends to promote prog- 
ress and harm§ny among his fellow-countrymen. He's a staunch ad- 
herent of this work. We wish we had some more like him everywhere. 
Read what his American friends and dealers say about him under the 
heading, "Among Our Friends." Mr. Pechilis is a Maniate. Mane is a 
corner of Greece which the Turk never dared to invade. Their sense of 
family pride and honor is great: — a group of people possessing remark- 
able sagacity and acumen. 

Then we have the three Marentis brothers who came to Columbia and 
opened the famous Diana confectionery. They hail from a beautiful is- 
land of Greece — Kythera — or Cerigo. Look at your map and note what a 
fine island it is. This island produced the most adventurous and the most 
stout-hearted sailors in history. It will not be an exaggeration when we 
say that among the crew of Columbus' caravels, there must have been 
also some Cerigote sailors. Of course, the crews were not all Italians 
or Spaniards. In those years Greek sailors were as much in demand as 
are now Englishmen and Scandinavians. And perhaps the first Greek 
pioneer landed with Columbus, who knows? 

Paul Marentis is the oldest brother, Michael the second, and George 
the third. In team work and hard work they are of the best, and Colum- 
bia is proud to have such young men to contribute to its growth and 
prosperity. They came from Thompsonville, Conn., in 1925, and they 



COMPLIMENTS OF 



CAROLINA PAPER COMPANY 



COLUMBIA, S. C. 



I, 



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24 



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COMPLIMENTS OF 

REAMER ICE AND FUEL COMPANY 




PHONE 4311 



'-^^^^«^#^#^»vr^^^^«^#^^^#^#^^#^r^^»^#s#^#^^^^#^^^^#<#^#^^^#^^«^«^«^tf^»^#^#^#^^^ 



have shown abiHty and wisdom in operating one of the most elegantly 
fitted confectioneries in the whole South. George is a war veteran having 
taken action in eight battlefronts during the war, under the Old Glory. 
He's a prized member of the American Legion. We are proud of the 
brothers — and their friends wish them continued success. 

Another Legionnaire is the valorous son of Lamia, Greece, Pete Papa- 
john. For seven long years Pete continuously shouldered arms and 
fought in many battles — as an EVZONE and as an artilleryman — in the 
Greek army. As soon as he was discharged he came to America, and in 
Camden, S. C., he started his first restaurant business. He is treasurer 
of the Ahepa Chapter in Columbia, where he came in 1928. His partner, 
Chris Athens is a Constantinopolitan young man, speaking four languages 
fluently. Both of them are married and progressive citizens. 

Space will not permit us to enumerate all the members of Columbia's 
Greek colony one by one. But Harry Manus is another sturdy Greek who 
was born on an island — ^Skopellos. He makes a separate unit by him- 
self, for, although, several years ago, there were a few Skopellites in Co- 
lumbia; today Harry Manus is the only one here from that island. Harry 
can't recall the year in which he left his native home bound for this 
country. But he remembers to have sailed on board an Austro-American 
liner, 35 years ago. Harry has shown himself very liberal in helping his 
friends financially. His American partner, Lawson D. Goore is proud 
of his business connection with this sturdy islander, who has often de- 
prived himself in order to make one of his fellow-countrymen happy. 



COMPLIMENTS OF 

RICHLAND DAIRIES 



QUALITY ICE CREAM 



PHONE 5134 



1 



1812 MAIN STREET i: 



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25 



PURE ICE 



REFRIQERATORS 



I 



CITY ICE COMPANY 



"THERE IS NO SUBSTITUTE FOR ICE" 
PHONE 3151 1721 MAIN STREET 



Mr. James Brethes is an examplary business man. You'll find him pre- 
siding at his Metropolitan Cafe all day and up to midnight with a zeal 
and ambition. His wish is to cater to his numerous customers the best 
that the markets afford. He hails from the lower peninsular of Greece — ■ 
from St. Peter of Kynouria, and since 1909 James has applied himself 
diligently to become a good, dividend — bearing asset at Newberry and 
(1919) over in Columbia. He is the father of three bright city-born 
children. Mr. Brethes, has a large number of friends who commend him 
for his unfailing courtesy and obliging ways. He enjoys a high reputa- 
tion among his fellow-countrymen. 

The Metropolitan Cafe is owned by four partners, who are experts in 
their respective departments. James Brethes, Wm. Nickas, Chas. Zotos, 
and Philip Strogilis. Mr. Zotos is the chef of the kitchen, while young 
Philip the night manager. All of them prove themselves worthy of 
the praises of their select customer-friends. 

The majority of the local Greeks are naturalized citizens, speaking the 
language of the land remarkably well. 

Having made Columbia their permanent home, they are interested in 
all it's civic, commercial, and social development; they have assumed the 
•duties and responsibilities that go with good citizenship seriously. Credit 
is due them for what they have accomplished hitherto, if one should con- 
sider that on their arrival, they were total strangers to the langauge as 
well of the American institutions, customs and manners. And they de- 
serve the esteem and encouragement of all true and loyal Americans. 



PETER'S DRY CLEANING CO. 

WE KLEEN KLOSE KLEEN 



Called For And Delivered 



PHONE 3933 



1412 MAIN STREET COLUMBIA, S. C. 



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THE AMERICANIZATION OF THE GREEK 

A Greek Organization in Columbia — Order of Aliepa 
Columbia Chapter 284 




S. A. SABAGHA 
President and District Treasurer 



L. D. GOORE 
Local and District Secretary 



FOR many years past, inspired by the constant missionary work of 
an altruistic dispositioned American-Greek, D. Adallis, the progressive 
Greek-Americans in various parts of the covmtry, "felt that the Greek re- 
siding in the United States was capable by reason of his inherent quali- 
ties, of taking a more active part in the social, political, economic and 
educational life of the nation, thus becoming a useful and constructive 
citizen of his adopted country on one hand and, on the other, of main- 
taining the ideals and traditions associated with his ancestors. Moreover, 
it was felt that the part plaj'ed by this group in American life and the 
qualities which made them highly desirable citizens, were not generally 
known to the American public, and some medium was needed to bring 
them into closer contact with their neighbors and fellow-citizens of 
native birth. Some form of organization was essential to accomplish 
this purpose. The Order of AHEPA was the result. From an insig- 
nificant number the Order has now grown to 35,000 members and 300 
Chapters located in every state of the Union. 

The objects of the Ahepa may be grouped into four parts and sum- 
marized as follows: (1) To promote and encourage loj^alty to the 
United States of America, allegiance to its flag, support to its constitu- 



tion, obedience to its laws and reverence for its history and traditions: 
To instruct its members by precept and example in the tenets and fun- 
damental principles of government: To instill in every member due ap- 
preciation of the privilege of citizenship and the sacred duties connected 
with it, and to encourage its members to be interested and actively par- 
ticipating in the political, civic, social and commercial fields of human 
endeavor, and always to strive for the betterment of society. (2) To 
promote in the United States a better and more comprehensive under- 
standing of the Hellenic people and nation, (3) To strive for the per- 
fection of the moral sense in its members, to promote good fellowship 
among them, and endow them with the spirit of altruism, common under- 
standing, and mutual benevolence and to point out to them the advantages 
of education, the, beauties of sacrifice and the deformities of selfishness. 
(4) To champion the cause of education. 

The AHEPA adopted English as the official language of the organiza- 
tion. It requires by constitutional provision that applicants for member- 
ship should be American citizens, or at least that they should have filed 
their declaration of intention, the naturalization committee of each 
chapter being required to prepare and assist the declarants to complete 
their naturalization. It has sponsored lectures on American history and 
institutions. It has invited to membership prominent Americans whose 
personal contact with members of the organization has been instrumental 
in transmitting the spiritt of Americanism, which cannot be engraved, 
photographed, or otherwise portrayed in a certificate of naturalization. It has 
inspired its members with a genuine desire to understand their environ- 
ment, to appreciate the opportunities open to them, and to assume as 
cheerfully the duties as they do the rights and privileges incident to 
American citizenship. 

Such distinguished Americans as President Franklin D. Roosevelt, 
Hon. Carrington T. Marshall, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of 
Ohio, Governor George White of Ohio, Governor Harry H. Woodring 
of Kansas, Governor Louis Emmerson of Illinois, Former Governor Fred 
W. Green of Michigan, Governor Ritchie of Maryland, Governor Rolph, 
Jr. of California, United States Senators William H. King of Utah, War- 
ren R. Austin of Vermont, Samuel M. Shortridge of California, David 
Walsh of Mass., James J. Davis of Pennsylvania, Former Senator Henry 
J. Allen of Kansas; United States Representatives Pehr J. Holmes of 
Mass., Ernest W. Gibson of Vermont, Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd, 
Federal Judge P. W. Meldrim; Mayor Russell Wilson of Cincinnati, 
U. S. Commissioner of Immigration Luther Weedin, and many others 
who have come in contact with the members of Ahepa and are fully 
acquainted with the objects and principles of the society, have expressed 
their approbation most decisively by becoming members. The qualities 
which commend the Hellene to his American friends are many and one 
is his loyalty to America, which is attested by the sixty-five thousand 



LORICK & LOWRANCE, INC. 

Serving Columbia and South Carolina Since 1865 

1527 Main Street 

HARDWARE, BUILDING and PLUMBING SUPPLIES, CHINA 

GLASSWARE, HOUSEHOLD GOODS, HOTEL and KITCHEN 

EQUIPMENT, SPORTING GOODS. 

Trade With Us and Save the Difference 



29 





Hon, Franklin D. Roosevelt, photographed with officials of Delphi Chapter 
No. 25, after his initiation hy them into the Order of Aliepa. 

who fought in the World War under the Stars and Stripes, one of whom 
was the immortal George Dilboy who, tho not yet a citizen, wrote his 
own naturalization certificate no less emphatically than with his own 
blood, and who was posthumously awarded the Congressional Medal of 
Honor for bravery. 

It is safe to say that the order of Ahepa is truly an unofficial arm of 
the United States Government, and that it is doing work which is all 
the more commendable because not resulting from external pressure or 
coercion but voluntarily initiated by a group of people who have adopted 
America as their new home or, to put it more aptly, whom America has 
adopted." 

— Excerpt from an editorial review by Colonel Achilles Catsonis, Su- 
preme Secretary of the Order of Ahepa. 



OFFICERS of the Columbia Chapter No. 284 are as follows: Presi- 
dent, S. A. Sabagha; Vice-President, Chris Athens; Secretary, L. D. 
Goore; Treasurer, Peter Papajohn; Warden Z. J. Siokos; Chaplain, 
Thomas Sereos; Governors: F. C. Lambert, Mike Leon, Nick K. Ranges, 
Charles Zotos, and Gus Chakas. This Chapter is in the Fourteenth 
District Lodge. District Governor is Charles E. Lemons of Savannah, 
Ga. ; Lieutenant Governor, George E. Cheros of Greenville, S. C; Sec- 
retary L. D. Goore of Columbia, S. C. Treasurer, S. A. Sabagha of 
Columbia, S. C; Alarshall, Henry Theodore of Greenville, S. C. 




TWO OUTSTANDING PHILHELLENES 

Lawson D. Goore and S. A. Sabagha 



It should, indeed, he a matter of great pride for the Greek citizens of 
Columbia to have and enjoy the genuine friendship of an American j'Oung 
man, born in Florida but having attained his manhood in Columbia — • 
Mr. Lawson D. Goore. No word of mine can adequately describe his un- 
bounded devotion to the welfare of a race of people with whom he became 
associated and whose cause he so nobly espoused. He is embued with 
one fervent desire — to see the Greeks of Columbia well established in 
the good opinion of their native fellow-citizens, and to enjoy their re- 
spect. Lawson D. Goore has no need of our applause. He considers as 
his highest applause the silence with which the local Greeks accept his 
meritorious efforts. "When I'm not thanked at all," he opines. "I'm 
thanked enough, for I know I've done my duty, and the only way to 
make friends of them is to be one." Lawson D. Goore has stood by them 
and urged them on to the path of progressive and aggressive citizenship. 
He sacrificed time and money in upholding their cause. He has been 
instrumental, along with S. A. Sabagha, in installing the present chapter 
of the American Hellenic Educational Progressive Association, known as 
Ahepa, in Columbia, and keeping its flame alive. Elsewhere in this 
brochure we have elaborated upon this organization's splendid objective. 
Please turn over the page and read about it. Mr. Goore is both local 
and district Secretary of the order. Our friend Lawson is an ardent pub- 
lic-spirited citizen, a noble of the Mystic Shrine, a devoted son of a 
doting mother, and a good brother, into the bargain. I wish the Greeks 
had a few more like him. He deserves their gratitude. Let us repeat: 
"He that urges gratitude pleads the cause both of God and men, for 
without it we can neither be sociable nor religious, says the great Roman 
philosopher, Seneca, Bravo for Lawson D. Goore. 

Mr. S. A. Sabagha is another staunch friend of the local Greeks. Nay, 
he is related through his kins with the best of them. He is from the 
most, historically, eventful land in the world. Nowhere else, say the his- 
torians, has so much history run into or through so narrow a space like 
Syria. 'The military history of Syria may be pictured as the procession 
of nearly all the worlds conquerors — from the Egyptian Thothmes to 
Tamerlane and Napoleon.' 

Racially the Syrians are of highly mixed origin — Hittites, Egyptians, 
Greeks, Romans and Arabs. Mr. S. A. Sabagha descends from the 
Greeks, he is an adherent of the Greek Orthodox church. He's an un- 
commonly energetic man. When the social welfare of his Greek friends 
is concerned, he is there and will spare no efforts in promoting it. That 
is why he is loved by the appreciative ones; that is why they have elevated 
him for the second time to preside over their Ahepa Chapter and hold the 
purse strings of the District Lodge as treasurer. Good for him, and this 
writer joining with the rest, extends him hearty greetings. 




South Carolina State Capitol, Columbia 
31 



(Btnk Urligtoua ICtfp 



Next to his home, the Grecian loves his church. In fact, his home and 
church are one and inahanable in his thoughts and daily life. He adheres 
loyally to his church because he is born to it, because his church has 
limned its character in his soul and ramified its dogmas in every nook and 
corner of his spiritual being. At heart the Greek is a pietist, and this in- 
born quality keeps his convictions together and deepens them. It is the 
basic element that is stimulating his devotion to his familj' altars. The 
Greek owes his racial and political independence to his church and to no 
other. 

In every Othhodox home there is a nook or place for the family ikon. 
An olive-oil lamp, suspended from the ceiling before it, perpetually burns. 
The members offer up their prayers there night and morning, crossing 
themselves; and the family Saint is often called upon to intercede with 
God vicariously in their behalf. 

A Grecian might neglect attending church regularly, but he is a poor 
Orthodox when he fails to attend church during Easter, Christmas, or on 
his name-day, which he celebrates instead of his birthday. He fasts dur- 
ing the Megale Hebdomas, drinks black coffee, eschews flesh, fowl or fish. 

The Greek Orthodox Church has the most impressive ceremonial of 
any creed, rich in pageantry, gorgeous in dramatic settings. Its symbo- 
lism, imagery, rites, types, and liturgy are very impressive. 

The Greek Orthodox Church edifice is of Byzantine architecture and 
invariably faces east. The ornamentation of the interior is gorgeous; the 
walls are covered with ikons of the Lord, apostles, and latter martyred 
saints. Wherever a communicant turns he faces a saint to remind him of 
his sacrifice and martyrdom. Red, gold, green, blue, and purple colors 
predominate. The sanctuary is partitioned off at the southern wall with 
beautiful panel work bearing in larger figures images representing Gospel 
characters! The Holy Table is in the middle of the sanctuary, and is 
resplendant with gold embroidered cloth and gold and silver vessels used 
for sacramental purposes. 

The priest officiates in vestments of gold and silver contexture. By the 
main entrance of the church, occupying a section of the eastern wall, is an 
oblong table called the Pangarion, upon which beeswax candles of various 
sizes are displayed. A little farther from it is the hexagonal stand, the 
Ikonostasion, supporting the ikon of the Saint of that day's calendar. 

Each communicant upon entering the church, stops at the Pangarion and 
selects the candle he wishes to offer, and then approaches the huge candel- 
abrum beside the Ikonostasion. There he lights his candle, sticking it in 
one of its prongs. Then, addressing himself (or herself) to the ikon, 
strikes the sign of the cross repeatedly on his breast, and bows to kiss a 
part of it, saying: "Agie Haralambe Voetha Me," or whatever saint is on 
there. 

As soon as these are gone through he seeks a convenient standing room 
on the nave, for there are no pews in a Greek church. He usually stands 
out the whole service erect, and at some well-known points, follows the 
cantors in a low humming voice, and fervently crosses himself whenever 
the name of the Holy Virgin is chanted by the priest. 

The service consumes about three hours and is a long series of incanta- 
tions, candle-burning, incense-burning, change of priestly vestments and 
processions. Up to a recent time instrumental music was not tolerated. 
There are two cantors stationed at either side of the sanctuary with their 
small choir of Isson-holders, who do all the chanting (in Byzantine music) 
for the congregation. 



32 



Compliments of 

The Palmetto Candy Co. 

Wholesale 
CANDY, PAPER and TOBACCOS 
1225 Lincoln St., Columbia, S. C. 

Congratulations of 

NEHI BEVERAaE CO. 

1211 Assembly Street 
Columbia, S. C. 



Service in the heart of the South 

Southern Equipment Co. 

Manufacturers' Agents and 
Jobbers of 

Bar, Hotel and Restaurant 

Supplies 

Telephone 4011 

927 Gervais St. Columbia, S. C. 



Congratulations on Your 

Fiftieth Anniversary 

Carolina Tobacco Co. 

1130 Washington St., Columbia 

In appreciation of the Patronage 
of their numerous Greek Friends 

Market Cafe 

and 

Quick Lunch 

"Our Food is Clean and 
Wholesome ' ' 

1205-7 Assembly St., Phone 2-2627 
Compliments of 

Ward One Meat Market 

Home of 

Greek Olive Oil and Cheese 

Phone 7542 727 Main Street 



COMPLIMENTS OF 

W. C. PEELER COMPANY 

COLUMBIA, S. C. 



33 



DIRECTORY OF COLUMBIA'S GREEK BUSINESS PLACES 



(In Alphabetical Order) 



BILL'S PLACE, 1726 Main St. Bill Karras, prop. He is one of the 
oldest Greeks in Columbia, having landed here in 1908, and belongs to 
the influential group of Anogeate Spartans. 

CAPITOL CAFE, 1210 Main St. Zachary J. Siokos, prop. He is a 
staunch Evrytan and one of the leaders of his powerful group, having 
been since 1914 in the city, coming directly from the Queen Citj' of the 
world — Constantinople. An able restaurateur and owner of one of the 
best eating places in the State. 

CAROLINA LUNCH, 1205 Main St. Gus Manos and Louis Apollo, 
props. Gus Manos has contributed to the numerical growth of Colum- 
bia more than any other of his fellow-countrymen and he is a proud 
father, and a hardworking citizen. 

CAROLINA SWEETS, 1202 Main St. Mike Leon, prop. He is one 
of the most industrious and examplary Greek business men in the State, 
and his place is one of the most up-to-date establishments, a favorite meet- 
ing place of the university students. 

DIANA CONFECTIONERY, 1437 Main St. Marentis Bros., props. 
In industry, courtesy, progressiveness the brothers have made an en- 
viable record. No other confectionery in South Carolina can rival theirs 
in point of elegance. They have the cream of the trade. 

ECONOMY LUNCH, 1219 Main St., Harry Manus and L. D. Goore, 
props. It is a place with a political atmosphere, where economy and 
politics go hand in hand. Goore is its genius and Manus the inachinery 
with one ear-cog rather weak, especially when the limit of friendliness 
is overstepped. Go there and enjoy a glass of Blue Ribbon and shout 
to Manus for your sandwich, for you'll enjoy both, the service and the 
shout. 

ELITE CAFE, 1736 Main St. Jaines Siokos, prop. He's Columbia's 
ever-smiling caterer and one of the most courteous. An Evrytan, cousin 
and associate of level-headed "Zack," and like him a leader. His restau- 
rant is a marvel for cleanliness and order. 

HAMPTON CANDY KITCHEN, Hampton St. Nick Constan, prop. 
He's an Anogeate Spartan and one of the leaders of his powerful group. 
A inan of congeniality, well-liked by his numerous friends, since 1913 
in Columbia. He's always glad to meet friends. 

JIMMIE'S PLACE, 1207 Gervais St. James P. Curtis, prop. An 
Evrytan, with an ambition to please his patrons, since 1932 in the city. 

KANELLOS, LOUIS G. and E. DOUKAS, cigars and soft drinks, 
1408 Main St. Among his circle of friends Louis is the "KING," the 
oldest living Greek pioneer in Columbia, having come here in 1898, when 
the New Year was being rung in. He's with George Xepapas, indisputed 
leader of the Spartan group. Doukas is a mild-mannered paterfamilias. 
A home-loving man. 

LEXINGTON CAFE, 1307 Assembly St. James Paradisis, prop. 
From Marora, and a hard working family man. 

MALLOY'S PARLOR, 1606 Main St. Louis and Ernest Malloy. props. 
They are Anogeate Spartans. Louis has been in the city since 1905, an 
industrious, smiling, and dependable man, trying to please his customers 
and make an honest living. 

MANHATTAN CAFE, 1208 Assembly St. George George and Nick 
Chicolas, props. George is a Spartan and Nick from the island of Halkis; 
both hardworking restaurateurs, owning their building, and doing good 
business. 

MARKET LUNCH AND RESTAURANT, 1205 Assembly St. Nich- 
olas Papadeas, prop. One of the most popular lunchrooms in the State, 
known and well patronized for the quality of its food. 

METROPOLITAN CAFE, 1520 Main St. A name to conjure by. 
Like the Rock of Ages cleft in the heart of Columbia's busy district, and 
as reliable as the old home. James Brethes, Wm. Nickas, Chas. Zotos, 
and Philip Stogilis, props., and each one an expert in his department. 
Known all over the South. 

34 



r*''^ 



NEW YORK CAFE, 414 Main St. Chas. Hassiotes and J. Koutsikos, 
props. Pretty long established. They are from Evrytanian group, and 
two industrious, thrifty people. 

NICK'S PLACE, 1425 Sumter St. Nick Rangos and G. Guvas, props. 
From Evrytania is Nick and a good, honest, industrious man. 

NIKfiS' PLACE, lunchroom, 1103 Washington St. Nike Constan- 
tellakos, prop, and a Spartan, well liked by the colored people of the 
neighborhood. 

PALMETTO CAFE, 1413 Assembly St. Manuel Smyrnios and one 
partner. Short time in business, but are trying hard and honestly to 
cater to the enivroning trade. 

PETER'S DRY CLEANING COMPANY, 1412 Main St. Peter 
Pechilis, prop. One of the most up-to-dately equipped dry cleaning plants 
in the State, and a Master Cleaner to manage it. "KLEEN KLOSE 
KLEEN" is his motto, and he never fails; — and HATS, too! like a 
magician, clean and sweet smelling. Member of the National Master 
Cleaner's Ass'n. As busy as a beehive. Follow the crowd. 

PHOENIX CAFE, 1109 Washington St. Nick Vassiliou and Co. The 
place is well liked and thickly patronized by the neighborhood. 

POST OFFICE HATTERS, 1209 Gervais St., Frank Lambert, prop. 

POST OFFICE LUNCH, near the P. O. on Sumter St. Soter Deme- 
triou, prop. A nice, clean place, cosy, and well patronized, because 
people like the service Soter gives them. 

PURITAN 'QUICK LUNCH, 1541 Sumter St. Nick Vardas, Jim 
Gikas, and Pete Xepapas, runners. 

RICHLAND CANDY COMPANY, 927 Main St. N. P. Mitchell, 
prop. 

SANDWICH SHOP, 1605 Main St. Mrs. Peter Xepapas, prop. Cigars, 
drinks, news, etc. 

SAVOY CAFE, 1327 Main St. Jim Pappas, prop, and Mike Heretis. 
manager. A nice place with two nice operators. Mike's weakness is good 
meals, polite service, and (if there's a moment to spare) politics and 
war. His interest in current events is as sharp as his Gillette. He is a 
Cretan warrior, Venizelist, Legionnaire, and Shriner. 

STATE CAFE, 1228 Assembly St. John Karas, prop. A stouthearted 
Spartan, working hard in his place to satisfy the Cafe's numerous cus- 
tomers. Byron says, "Of the three hundred give but three, to make a new 
Thermopylee." Of such stuff is John. 

UNEEDA LUNCH, 1211 Gervais St. Peter Papajohn and Chris 
Athens, props. Chris is a remarkably educated young man, speaking 
several languages; is polite and quick, quiet and understanding; a Mason, 
and a public-spirited and home-loving citizen. You'll be interested to 
know him. 



"THE HOME OF GOOD COAL" 



COLUMBIA ICE AND FUEL PLANT 

BLANDING AND ASSEMBLY PHONE 4354 



Coal and Coke Service 



35 



LIST OF GREEK FAMILIES OF COLUMBIA AND THE NUMBER OF 
THEIR COLUMBIA BORN CHILDREN 



Mr. and Mrs. 

Chris Athens and 1 Child 

James Brethes and 3 Children 

George Christakos and ..5 
Chris Christakos and ....5 

Nick Cochakos and 3 

M. Constantelakos and ..5 
Nick Constantopoulos and 4 

Louis Davis and 4 

Soter Demetriou and ....2 
Efstratios Doukas and ...5 

Gus Gross and 3 

George Gouva 

Louis Kanellos and 4 

Bill Karras 

John Karras 

George Koutsos and ....7 



I Carolina Coffee Shoppe 

HOME COOKED FOOD 

On your Route 401 

Opposite Claremont Hotel 

Sumter, S. C. 



Compliments of 

PAPPAS PLACE 

"We Aim To Please" 

Quick Service — Wholesome Foods 
1401 Main St. Newberry, S. C. 

36 



Geo. Koutsos, Jr. and ...1 Child 

Frank Lamport and 1 " 

Mike Leon and 2 Children 

Gus Manos and 8 " 

James Manos and 1 Child 

Louis Mallios and 4 Children 

Chris Alelonas and 5 " 

Wm. Nichas and 2 " 

Peter Papajohn 

James Paradisis and 2 " 

Peter Pechilis and 5 " 

Z. J. Siokos and 3 " 

James Siokos and 1 Child 

Efstathios Stav-rou and ..5 Children 

Krick Vardas and 2 " 

Peter Xepapas and 2 " 



When in Greenwood, EAT AT 

THE STAR CAFE 

"The Old Dependable" 

Ster^hou Bros., Props. 

On the Square, Greenwood, S. C. 



Compliments of 

A FRIEND 



>S»##V»^#V»*^>»»»»' 



i PRESBYTERIAN COLLEGE LIbHAHY 
'•♦^^ 3 51 97 00185 277 4 ^^^ 



<#^^^#v»#>#*»»i»^^>»#'»'#^ 



A. a. DENT 

Dealer in BEEF, PORK, MUTTON, ETC. 
PHONE 4351 and 4352 1334 ASSEMBLY ST. 



>S».#V#>»^S»S#N»^ 



MAXWELL BROS. AND QUINN 

Columbia's Leading Furniture Store 

Compliments of NU-QRAPE BOTTLING CO. 

MAKERS OF QUALITY DRINKS 
204 Sumter Street Columbia, S. C. 

COMPLIMENTS OF 

CAPITAL CITY LAUNDRY 

Phone 4341 Columbia, S. C. 

Compliments of STATE FISH COMPANY 

RELIABLE SEA FOOD DEALERS 
1223 Main Street Phone 8206 



Compliments of STAR LAUNDRY COMPANY 

Always appreciates the Business of its Greek Friends 
1801 Taylor Street Phone 5234 

Compliments of BILTMORE CAFE 

\ 1416 MAIN STREET COLUMBIA. S. C. 



. COMPLIMENTS OF 

DeLOACHE RAWL FLORAL COMPANY 

i; 1415 Main St. "Flowers for all Occasions" Columbia, S. C. 
i; Wishing the Greek Citizens the Success they so richly deserve 



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PHONE 3836 



SEABOARD PARK 



COMPLIMENTS OF W. D. SUMMER 



ieonnmer Beveiraie Co 



Authorized Distributors 



PABST BLUE RIBBON BEER 



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LYKESLAND, S. C. 




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>NE 9575 



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PHONE 2-2582 ;! 



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