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Full text of "History of Company B (originally Pickens Planters) 40th Alabama Regiment, Confederate States Army, 1862-1865"

Gc M. L. 

973.74 
1771820 



REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY CCLLECTiON 



^H 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 00824 0365 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2009 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 



http://www.archive.org/details/historyofcompanyOOwill 



HISTORY 



T 



Ol^ 



COMTANY B 



4fOth A^lnbama Heoiiment 



Confedernta States A^riiiy 



1862 to 286*5. 



1771820 

R R e: F" A c e: . 



'I'he following pagt's (exccpl th<)S(- from the diary 
of Sergeant Jno. H. Curry) are taken without revis- 
ion or correction from the diary of Captain (after- 
wards Major) E'.. D. Willett of Company B, 40th Ala- 
bama Regiment of Volunteers of the Confederate 
States Army, who died in Carrollt<>n. Alabama, March 
IG, IS'JU. It is not expecte(i or contended they will 
shed any additional liglit on that momt-ntous strug- 
gle, known as tbe War between the Staters, about 
which so many volumes have been written, or that 
they will ri^veal anything which is not ali-eady well 
known. The sole purpose of this little book is to 
place in a more enduring form for the IjenefiL <;f the 
survivors and tlnMlescendants of those who constitu- 
ted that Company and Regiment, that diary (now 
well thumb worn) which faitlifully rccoids the move- 
ments, engagements and causalties of (Jompany B, 
and the 4Uth Ahibama Regiment, C. 8. A. Nor is it 
contended that absolute veiity acci^mpanies the facts 
narrated. They have the advantage, however, of 
being written at the same time, yes, on the same day 
the narrated facts occurred . No matter how long the 
march, or how fierce the battle the author of the 
diary on each day .-ecorded the doings of Company 
B, and the -tuth Alabama on that day from the infor- 
mation which was then conveyed to him. Voltaire 
cynically wrote to a friend that '"History is a parcel 
of tricks we play with the dead," but certainly this 
cannot be true of events which art; conscientiotisly 
recorded by one of the actors on tlie viMy day of the 
actions. The valor, devotion, lieroism, determination 
and self-sacrificing spirit of the Tlonfederate soldier 
have sited aii imperishable lustre on his name, on the 



South, and on th(! whole Nation. (Jonipany H and 
the 4Uth Alabama did their full parts in contributin}^ 
to this result, for we see them in these pages with 
decimated ranks but undaunted spirits fighting the 
very last battles of the war and reporting for duty 
on May 5, 1805, nearly a whole month after General 
Lee's surrender. When we recall these things and 
read these pages we see how great was their sense of 
duty and love for Dixie, and it fills our hearts with 
pride to be the descendants of such a race of men. 
Such men Joseph Addison had in mind when he ex- 
pressed the fine thought that — 

" 'Tis uot in mortals to command success, 

But we'll do uiore, iSemprouius, we'll desekvk it." 

Anniston, Alabama. J. J. W. 



THE PICKENS PLANTERS. 
Company " B/* 

40th Regiment Alabama Volmiteers, C. S. A. Col. A. 
A. Coleman commanding, organized on the 13th 
day of March, 18G2, at Speeds Mill in Pickens 
County, Alabama. 

Roll of Officious and Piuvatfs of Company "H." 

Klbert D. Willett, Captain. 

John T. Terry, 1st Lieutenant. 

James A. Latham, 2nd Lieutenant. 

James H.-Wier,. 2nd Licmtentant. 

NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS. 

Jesse T. Hancock, 1st Sergeant. 

Eli D. Vance, 2nd Sergeant. 

Jno. W. Sanders, ;3rd Sergeant. 

Wm. K. Shaver, 4th Sergeant. 

Wm. C. Stewart, (discharged) 5th Sergeant. 

Johi> R, W(K^ms, 1st Corporal. 

Jas. Wiley llorton, 2nd Corporal. 

Jacob n. Eaton, 3rd Corporal. 

Andrew W. Largent, 4th Corporal. 

PRIVATES. 

Allen, James M. 
Acker, Bayless G. 
Acker, George W. 
I5arham, William. 



Belk, George W. 

Burris, James H. (Discharj^ed at Demopolis.) 

Black, Sam'l D . 

Bush, John E. 

Bush, James M. 

Byars, James A. 

Burns, Joseph H. (Discharged at DcMuopulis.) 

Cook, Jno. P. 

Carver, Wesley H. 

Cockerell, James M. (Discliarged at l)(!inopolis.) 

Collins, Jonathan. 

Collins, Joseph. 

Cameron, Joseph. 

Cameron, James. 

Cameron, Thomas. 

Calley,-Wjn, P, 

Cole, Lewis T, 

Chanuell, Thos. C. 

Connell, David J. (LoainMJ to Capt. SuiiiiixMvilh^ 

one mariTl 
Daniel, Thos. P. 
Easterling, Henry. 
Eads, John A. 
Freeman, Morgan. 
Freeman, Isham A. 
Fowler, John F. 
Goodwin, John 
.Graham, George M. 
Hicks, John F. 
Hicks, Dan'l N. 
Hicks, Henderson. 
Hicks, John II. 
Howell, Anderson T. 
Hall, Joseph N. 
Hildreth, Sardine. 

Irby, William H. (Discharged at Dcunopolis.) 
Irwin, Robert. 



Jonus, Robert A. 

Jones, William H. 

Jones, Thos. W. 

Jones, VVm. G. 

Jones, Henry W. M. (Loantid to (;aj)t. Smnnier- 

ville one man.) 
Jennings, Jolm J. 
Jennings, Abner 1). 
Jennings, Wm. 11. 

Jones, Marcellus S. (Discbargcd at l)omo})olis.) 
Kiik, Jolin. (Discharged at Demopolis.) 
J-ving, Samuel G. 
Lancaster, Kli J. 
Lee, Thos. H. 
Lancaster, Joseph. 
Ledbetter, Kicdiard H. 
McA Teer, Wm. R. 
McDaniel, George W. (LoaiuMl to Capt. Siim- 

merville.) 
McGee, Jno. P., Sr. 
McManis, John E. 
Mu]lina,J;>fini.^F. 

McDaniel, Reuben, (Discharged at Demopolis.) 
Morrison, William. 
McVoy, Alex D. 

Pate, James B. (Discliarged at Demopolis.) 
Pratt, Joseph A. 
PrtUt, J no. L. 
Parker, Chas. R. (Loaned to Caj)t. Summerville 

one man.) 
Pearson, Samucd. 
Parker, James' 1<\ • 
Robertson, Samuel. 
Robertson, Hugh. 
Reddish, James II. 
liussell, John A. ^ 
Russell, Asbury C. 



Russell, Chas. W. 

Reyuolds, Thos. K. 

Reynolds, James S. 

Ralph, Francis W. 

Staggs, John W. (Loaned to Capt. Snninierville 

one man.) 
Savage, Abner W. 
Shockley, Thos. W. 
Speed, James H. (Loaned to Capt. Sunnncrville 

one man.) 
Strickland, Wm. G. 
Strickland, John J. 
Strickland, Abel. 

Strickland, Sam'l. (Discharged at Demopolis.) 
Williams, Paul L 
Williams, Thos. H. 
Williams, Thomas. 
West, James IL 
Weems, James F. 
Wood, Joshua. 
Wood, William, 
Wood, Enoch. 

Walker, Francis M. (Discharged at Demopolis.) 
Walker, J no. J. (Loaned to Capt. Sumiuoi ville 

one man.) 
Walker, Miles W. (Loaned to Capt. Summer- 

ville one man.) 
Vance, Wm. V. 
Yates, Wm. M. (Discharged at Demopolis.) 

The above Company, on the 2nd day of April, 
18G2, took up the line of march from CarroUton, the 
place of rendezvous, to Pickensville, at which place 
on the ;5rd day of April, 18(;2, it went on board the 
Steamer Warrior, to be transported to Demopolis, 
Alabama, the place by the Governor appointcal for 
the organization of Col. A. A. Coleman's regiment. 



and on Friday, April 4th, 18G2, arrived at Demopolis, 
or OatJip Coleman. 

The Company remained at Demopolis until the 
lOtli <lay of April, 18(i2, and while there the Com- 
])any was exainined by Dr. Colj^in, Surgeon C. S. A., 
and the bounty paid to the Company by Capt. lienj. 
Yancy. The Surgeon discharged the following 
members of the Company: William C. Stewart, 
James II. Burris, Joseph H. Burns, James M. Cock- 
erell, Wm. H. Irby, Marcellus Jones, John Kirk, 
Reuben McDaniel, James B. Pate, Sanmel Strick- 
land, Francis M. Walker, and Wm. M. Yates; which 
discliarged soldiers returned to their homes from 
Deniopolis. And as above stated, by order of the 
Governor, on Saturday, the 19th day of April, the 
Pickens Planters started on board the Warrior to- 
Mobile, Alabama, and arrived at Mobile on tlie 20th 
day of the same month, on Sunday, and were 
stationed in a warehouse on Royal Street. 

On the 2Gth day of April, 18G2, we took up the 
line of march (Saturday) for Cantonment Walter, 
live miles from Mobile, down the bay on Dog River, 
and arrived at said Cantonment on the same day. 
The Company had but little sickness until it was 
stationed at Cantonment Walter, when the measles 
broke out in camps and fifty-six of th(i Company 
liad the measles, and two members died, to- wit: 
John F. Fowler died on the 11th day of May, 18G2, 
in camps of measles, succeeded by congestion of 
lungs, and his body was sent home in Pickens 
County to his father. He was without family, un- 
married and about seventeen years of age. Wesley 
II. Carver, uninirrieJ, died also of measles, suc- 
ceeded by typhoid fever, in Marine Hospital in 
Mobile, and his body was also sent home. He died 
on the 17th day of May, 18(12. 

Thomas Williams, private in the Planters, was 



taken sick with fever about the lirst of June, 1SG2, 
and lini^ered on until the 14th day of June, 1HG2, 
when he died. He was buried at Cantonment 
Walter. The Government, on account of apprehen- 
sions of an attack on Mobihi, refused to furh.)Ugh an 
escort to take the body of Williams to his home. He 
left a wife and four cliildren, was about lifty years 
of a^^e and resided in Pickens (Jounty, Alabama, on 
Bear Creek. Up to the 21st day of June, 1802, no 
other deaths have occurred in the Pickens Planters. 
On the IGth day of May, KS(;2, tlie 40th Regiment 
of Alabama Volunteers was organized, and the fol- 
lowing companies composed and now compose the 
regiment, to- wit: 

Capt. K. S. (iulley 
'• E. 1). Willett 
" W.A.C. Jones 
'• A. (i. Campbell 
Edward Marsh 
" Thos. W. Coleman 
" Hugh Suintnurville 
" C. C. Crowe 
Hii-am Ghant 
A. M. Moore. 

And on said Kith day of May at said organiza- 
tion Col. A. A. Coleman was elected Colonel ot" said 
Regiment, which is the Fortieth Regiment of Ala- 
bajna Volunteers. 

On the 2)st day of June, 18tj:i, Charles W. Rus- 
sell, private in Capt. VVillett's Company, died in 
hospital at Cantonment Walter of tlu) measles fol- 
lowed by typhoid fever. His body was tikeu home 
by John Shirley to Pickens County. He was about 
twonty-six years old and h;ft a wil'u in i^ickens 
County. 

On the 18th day of April, 1S(>2, 1 transferred to 
Capt. H. Summerville to complete his company 



Co. "A" 40th Ala. Rig't 
" "R" " 

a " I)" " " " 

" -Or" ^' 

" '4P' " 

»t (< T" il (.. bi 



eii^ht men, David J. Counell, James F. Speod, 
Charles R. Parker, Henry W. M. Jones, George W. 
McDanifd, John J. Walker, Miles W. Walker and 
John W. Stagi^s, on condition that he retransfor 
them so soon iis he recraited that number to his 
company, which he did soon after. 

On the day of , 18G2, John H. 

Higley was elected Lieutenant Colonel of said Regi- 
ment, anil Devereux Hopkins was elected Major. 
Hopkins refused to accept, and the 30th day of June 
no .Major has been elected or appointed for the Reg- 
iment. A contest arose between Capts. GuUey and 
Jones about rank and promotion to the office of 
Major. 

On the 25th day of June, ISG2, the Fortieth 
Regiment Alabama Volunteers with all the Confed- 
erate army of Mobile was reviewed by Gen. G. T. 
lieauregard, and then brigade drill commenced at 
the old Race Course. The Regiments that drilled 
were the 40th Alabama, 3rd and 4th Florida and 
27th Mississippi, 38th and 32nd Alabama. Some- 
times they were drilled by Gen. Forney and Gen. 
Jones. 

About the 4th of July there was a general 
review of all the troops of the Mobile army to cele- 
brate that day by Gen. Jno. 11. Forney. It was a 
very hot day and rained a hard rain in the evening 
and all tiie army got very wet. 

On' the 5tli day of July, 1802, Thomas P. Daniel 
and Abner W. Savage and Abner D. Jennings took 
sick with typhoid fever. Savage and Jennings had 
previously had tlie measles. Savage lingered for 
about two weeks, and on the 2()th day of July, 1862, 
in tile Hospital at Cantonment Walter, Abner W. 
Savage died and was buried at Cantonment Walter 
and his grave marked by a nice board at the liead of 
his grave. He was unmarried and about eighteen 



10 

years of age, was a good soldier and very stout and 
able bodied before his sickness. 

Thomas P. Daniel lingered until the 21at day of 
July, 1862, when he also died at Cantonment Walter 
in Hospital. His case was a severe one from the 
start; he grew worse from the beginning. He was 
buried in a nice coffin at Cantonm(»nt Walter and a 
nice headboard put at the head of his grave. He 
was about thirty years old, left a wife and one child 
who reside near Reform in Pickens County, Ala- 
bama. He was a noble man, a patriot, one of the 
best of men, loved by officers and men, robust and 
stout, was never sick a day from the day he entered 
the service until he took his last sickness. Notliing 
seemed to benefit him. He sank rapidly and died as 
stated above on the 21st day of July, 1SG2. 

On the 21st day of July, 18G2, our camps were 
broken up at Cantonment Walter, and the -iOth 
Regiment Alabama Volunteers moved to and en- 
camped at Camj) Marshall Austell, one and a half 
miles from Mobile; all the sick were moved to hos- 
pitals in Mobile. Abner D. Jennings was one of the 
sick moved to Mobile. He got worse, and on the 
27th day of July, 18G2, at the General Hospital, he 
died, and was buried in the ntivv graveyard in 
Mobile. His grave was marked by a board at his 
head. He was about twenty-four years of age, left 
a wife and one child, who reside in Pickens County, 
Alabama. His father, Wm. Jennings, attundud iiim 
in his last sickness until he died. 

On the 23rd day of July, 18G2, all the regiments 
about Mobile were sent to Chattanooga, with nearly 
all the army of Tupelo, and only two regiments were 
left at Mobile, the 40th (ours) and Col. Ketchum's, 
ysth Regiment Alabama Vuhuiteei's. The lOtii com- 
menced guard duty in Mobile, the whole regiment, 
and on to August 1st doing that duty with the 38th 
and some cavalry in and about Mobile. 



11 



On the 14th day of August, l.sd;.', Heuderson 
Hicks, Wm. Morrison, Thos. W. Shocldoy, Abul 
Strickland, Jas. V. Weems and Jas. D. Wit;r wero 
discharged from the service on account of disease 
and disability. 

On the 27th day of July, 18(;2, Lieut. J. H. Wier 
got leave of absence for twelve days, and returned 
back to Camp Marshall Austell at the expiration of 
the time. 

On the 2nd day of August Lieut. J. A. Latham 
got sick leave of absence for twenty days, and at 
tliis writing, November 2nd, 18(52, has not returned 
to his Company. lie went to his honui in Pickens 
County, and had a severe attack of camp fever. 

On ti\e 13th da,y of August, 1SG2, Capt. E. D. 
Willett got leave of absence to go home for fifteen 
days, went home, and returned to camp Marshall 
Austell on the 28th day of same month. 

On the 3rd day of SSeptember, 18G2, Litiut. Jno. 
T. Terry got leave of absence twenty days to go to 
his home, and about ten days after was attacked 
with jaundice, and did not return to cani})s for stiv- 
eral days after liis leave expiix-d. 

To date, November 2iul, J8b2, have had no 
deatiis among the ollicers of Company " Jj," and 
consequently no promotions in the Company since 
its organization, March 13th, 1802. 

On the 0th day of August, 18i;2, Wr)i. L. Lipsey, 
Benj.'T, Black, Jno. M. French and Wm. S. Taylor 
enlisted and were received into the Company. 

On the 18th day of August, ]8(i2, John R. Bran- 
don enlisted and was received into tlie Company, 
and on the 19th day of sanu* month John (I. Kobiit- 
son enlisted and was received into the said Company 
" B," all from Pickens County, Alabama. 

On the 27th day of xVugust, 18ii2, IL F. P,. Gil- 
bert, of Sumter County, was enli.sted and received 
into the Company. 



12 



On the 10th day of September, 1802, Sergt. F. VV. 
Kali)h irot tired of the service and substituted one 
Pt;ter CJlark in my Company, and was himself tlis- 
charged. The ofHeers and men not wanting the 
said Peter in the Company, but willing to let Sergt. 
Ralph (who was nearly crazy) out of the service, 
took the substitute, and on the same day transferred 
the said Peter Clark to Company " II," Capt. C. C. 
Crowe's Company, so that Sergt. Ralph, by a substi- 
tute, is serving his country in a Comi)any from 
Perry County, Alabama. 

On the ;31st day of October, 18(32, Jno. P. McGee, 
Sr., was discharged from the service on account of 
measles and bronchitis. 

On the 8th day of October, 18G3, the camp at 
Marshall Austell was broken up and the lOth Regi- 
ment ordered to Camp Forney, on Spring Hill Rail- 
road four miles from Mobile, between Government 
and Dauphin Streets, and was there ordered into a 
brigade composed of tlie 18Lh, 3Gth, 38th and 4()th 
Regiment Alabama Volunteers, at first commanded 
by Col. J. T. Holtzclaw, senior colonel for about two 
weeks, when Brigadier General Cummings reported 
for duty at Mobile and took command of said 
brigade. It was in ollicial papers called the First 
Brigade of the Army of Mobile. Col. A. A. Coleman 
commanded the 4Uth, Col. R. II. Smith the oGth, Col, 
J. T. Holtzclaw the 18th and Col. Ketchum the 38th 
Regiments. At Camp Forney we cleared off a large 
area of ground for a brigade drill ground; and for 
many weeks, until the 2nd day of December, 1802, 
drilled in brigade drill, battalion drill, comjmny and 
skirmish drill daily when the weather would permit. 
About the 23rd of November, 1802, all the regiments 
of that brigade commLinced building cabins for 
winter quarters, and had, up to tlie 2nd day of 
December, 1802, nearly completed the cabins for 

quarters. 



13 



Oil the 27th day of November, 18(J2, Andrew 
Busli and A. J. Hollingsworth joined Company "B" 
40th Re<2^iment by enlistment, arriving at tlie age of 
eighteen years. They were from Pickens County, 
Alabama. 

On the day of November, 1802, D. S. Laven- 
der and Jno. C. Pratt joined Company "B" 40th 
Regiment Alabama Volunteers, having been brought 
from camp of instruction at Talladega, Alabama, to 
camp of 40th Regiment with one hundred other men, 
who were apportioned to the several companies to 
ecjualize them, and Company "B" then having over 
an averages number did not get but two men, the 
ones above named. Tliey were taken to Talladega, 
Alabama, under what was known as the Conscript 
Act. 

Deckmbek 12th, 1892. 

Cn the morning of the 2nd day of December, 
1802, orders came to Col. Coleman 40tli Regiment to 
be ready in two hours to march to Mobile to take 
the evening train on the Mobile & Ohio Railroad for 
Grenada, Miss., and at 2:(jO o'ch^ck the Regiment 
started, leaving tents and all heavy baggage, and 
marched to Mobile, about 750 ellective men, and tlu; 
Quartermaster had a train of box cars ready which 
the RegimtMit took with the baggagi; they could 
carry and left for Meridian, Miss, in a cold rain and 
no r^itions in their haversacks. At l):(K) o'clock a. m. 
arrived at ]\Ieridian, changed arms and baggage 
from that train to the ground and had tires kindled, 
and had crackers and pickled pork issued for break- 
fast, not having had anything to eat since the morn- 
ing before except what the men could buy or pick 
U}). The Itt'giincut i-('inairi(;d at M"ri<lian unlil ncxl 
morning at 1:00 o'clock, December 4th, and left in 
train, or rather two trains for Jackson, Miss., at 
which place we arrived at 8:00 o'clock p. m. and 



u 



were t.luMiC(» onlfi'ed to Grt'iuula; but when wii 
arrived at Oantou at ]2:00 o'clock ui^^ht rcccdvcd 
ofdcrs to r<'tui"ii liack to .lackson as tho ti'^'ht at (Jof- 
t'covillH \v;is ovci' and our aiauy had I'ctfcated hack 
to (irr('ua.da. A I, \'l:(Hi o'clock t hf c;i,|-,s started back 
to , Jackson and atTived tluu-e at dayiij^ht on morn- 
ing of the 7th Dijconiber. 1H(V*. 'I'iwit day the* cars, 
attor hrea,kfa,st, on the New Orhuins Ivaih-oad car- 
ried us out two miles to a creek and tlie lOth pitched 
tents tliere. At tlifi same time in the same tiehl th(^ 
7:tth, SOth and 81st Tennessee Kej^iments composing 
Vaughan's l>rigade fuicamped. We remaincni at 
Jackson until the 17tii of Decemlxu- (h)ing some 
drilling and provMjst duty in Jackson. On the eva- 
ning of the KJth of December orders at Jackson 
were issued for the -i'lth Alabama llegiment to go to 
C-olumbus, Miss, to resist an attack of the eruimy 
dovvn tlie Mobile *.'t Ohio Railroad. ()n that night 
tents were struck, and Company "B" remained all 
night at camps, and hauling baggage to Jackson. 
On the morning of the 17th tlu; lleginient took up 
tlu; line of march for Jackson, ]^liss. to take the cars 
for Columbus and arrived there at 8;00 o'clock a. m. 
At 10:00 o'clock the 1st Battalion left in tht> cars 
with Col. Coleman and Lieut. Col. liigley, Maj. T. 
O. Stone remaining with the :^nd l->attalion. At IkOO 
o'clock p. m. the ^nd Battalitui left in car\s for 
C'olumbus. The sic-k of (.-ompany "'B" had increased 
in number'on account of cold weather and exposure. 
The sick of Company ''B" left at Jackson were 
these: Jos. A. Pratt, Jo-di. Wood, Wm. V. Vance, 
Joseph Lancaster and J. F. Parker. 

The 40th ReginunU arrivcjd at Meridian on the 
morning of ttie isth of l)e(!ember, and waited thiire 
for transportation until 3:00 o'clock p. m. Tloi lu?g- 
iment went in oi)en cars to Meridian in the severest 
weather, and sulVered from cold ami hunger greatly. 



l^ 



Oil the evening of the ISth the lleginient in cars left 
for Columbus, and arrived at Columbus on the 
morning of tlie 19th of December and remained at 
the depot that day until evening and the ilegiment 
marched through town to the fair grounds and 
pitched tents. The Ilegiment remained at Cohunbus 
until the morning of the ^7th of J3ccember. While 
at CoUunbus we all had a pleasant time there. The 
men and officers were better fed and could buy mor(^ 
than at any other place we had encamped. Many of 
the wives and friends of the men in Company "B" 
visited them there, being near tlnur homes, but none 
of the officers or men were aUowtMl to visit iiomes. 
On the evening of the 2(itli of December Mes<lames 
Wiiiett, Latham and Terry came into camps to sec; 
ns. We took them to hotel at Cady's and rt^mained 
with tbem the night of iiGth of December. Tlie Reg- 
iment having orders then from Gen. Pemberton to 
go to Vicksburg, Miss., we remained that night at 
hotel with our wives, Lieut. Wier supei-intfiiding 
tin; moving of the baggage of the Company to the 
depot that night. The train was to l(!avn at 1:00 
o'clock a. m. December :;;7tli with the left battalion. 
We got up at 3:00 o'clock a. m. December 27th, 1802, 
and took leave of our wives at Cady's hotel and 
went down to the depot. The train with 2nd Batta- 
lion was ready to start, and did start in a very few 
minutes in a very hard rain, it having rained very 
hard all that night. The train started for Meridian 
Saturday morning, December 27th, 1HG2, and arrived 
at Meridian the same day in the tjvening about 4:00 
o'clock. A train was in waiting to take us on to 
Jackson, but on account oi confusion and negli- 
gence on the part of some one it caustui us to los(i 
that train at 1):00 o'clock p. m.; wu had to remain 
that evening and night and until next day, Sunday, 
Decembei" 2sih, 18ii2, at 1 1 .ou o'clock a.m., when we 



10 

took another train for Vicksbiirg. The 1st Batta- 
lion by this time having come up left soon after for 
Vicksburg on another train. On Monday evening 
the 4()th arrived at Jackson after many delays on 
the road, and the train with the 40th stood there all 
that night, it raining torrents and the men without 
anything to eat except what could be picked U}) here 
and there when the trains stopped. 

Tuesday morning, December ;30tli, lSf)'2, the 40th 
Regiment left in same trains for Vicksburg, the 
place where the Regiment had been ordered by Gen. 
Pemberton, and arrived at 8:00 o'clock Tuesday, the 
;50th day of December, 18(;2. 

The sick of Company "B" 40th Alabama left at 
Columbus, Miss., in hospital, were these: D. N. 
Hicks, T. H. Williams, Benj. T. Black, Mark L. 
Thompson, Jno. J. Strickland, Jos. A. Pratt, Jno. C. 
Pratt, E. J. Lancaster, T. II. Loe, Jno. Goodwin, 
and as nurse for them Jas. M. Bush. Thompson and 
Lee returned to camp at Chickasaw Bayou on the 
12th of January, 18(53. 

At Columbus, Miss., Hugh J. Robinson deserted 
and has not to the 24tli of January, 1803, returned to 
the Company. Also, at the same place, Sergt. 
S and Jesse T. H , without leave, ab- 
sented themselves from Company from December 
27th, 1802, the first until the 2nd day of January, 
and the second until the 7th day of January, 1803, 
when th(^ returned, and have had their trials befc)re 
regimental courtmartial, but the sentences have not 
yet been published. When the Regiment arrived at 
Vicksburg the seige was going on and the Regiment 
was ordered within two hours to take up the line of 
march (Tuesday night, December 30th, 1802, 10:00 
o'clock) for Chickasaw Bayou, the battle fi(dd on 
Sunday and Monday previous. The Regiment was 
drawn up in line of battle on one of the iiills of 



17 



Vicksburg, and Parson Barker took it upon himself 
to make a short harangue. He spoke loudly and 
warlike, but wound up by saying he was sorry he 
could not go as he had positive orders not to go, 
though not sick at all nor excused by Surgeon. The 
time had come when to all human appearances the 
40th would get into a fight on the morning of Decem- 
ber 31st, 18G2, as the enemy were in large force, and 
a battle or continuation of the battle was expected. 
The Regiment heard the Parson through, and the 
word "forward" by Col. Higley was given, and we 
all marched off in fine spirits for the battle field. 
The Regiment marched up the River Road that is 
made along the base of the hills or mountains in 
silence, as we were at many points on the road with- 
in shelling distance from the enemy's batteries. No 
accident happened on the way. The road was very 
muddy, and lined all along with soldiers in the rifie 
pits. There were rifle pits from Vicksburg up to the 
place we halted, which was in the rear of a section 
of Walton's Battery, in a hollow. We arrived there 
about 3:00 o'clock at night and bivouaced in the 
open air, having left all baggage but a blanket 
behind. The Regiment lay on their arms that night, 
or the balance, with orders to move at day break on 
the morning of January 1st, 18G3. Morning came 
and the attack was expected from the enemy. 
Many o,ther Regiments came in that night, but 
when day came the enemy did not renew the attack. 
The 40th was held under arms all that day, which 
was Thursday, January 1st, 18G3. We remained all 
day supporting that battery. From our position in 
plain view was the battle field of the Monday pre- 
vious, where the enemy met with a severe repulse 
on our works. The dead of the enemy were strewn 
all over the field unburied, and some of them yet 
alive. The battle field was a corn field, disputed 



18 



ground between our and the enemy's pickets, and 
our men could not bury the enemy's dead, nor 
would the Yanks send a tiag of truce asking the 
privilege of burying their dead until Thursday at 
12:00 o'clock noon, when a flag of truce came and 
terms were arranged and they hauled off their dead 
and buried them. On that field two hundred dead 
bodies were carried oif for burial. The 40th Ala- 
bama remained under arms all day New Year, and 
again on the same ground bivouaced Thursday 
night at 10:00 o'clock. That night orders came to be 
ready to move at 3:00 o'clock to Snider's Bluffs, 
eight miles above on the Yazoo. The Regiment 
started at the time appointed, and got there Friday 
morning at daylight, January 2n(l, 1803, when it was 
thought an attack would bo made, but no attack 
was made and the enemy seemed to be retreating 
down the Yazoo. The 40th Alabama, with others, 
were then by the Hill Itoad marched back to its 
first position, supporting the battery, having 
marched sixteen miles at "'quick'" and '"donble 
quick.'-' The Regiment was much fatigued and 
hungry. The men got lunch of beef and bread 
cooked and sent from Vicksburg, and before the 
men finished eating, the booming of the artillery 
announced fighting commenced down on the Yazoo 
one and a half miles from us. Before our arrival 
back, Gen. Maury, with 400 men and artillery, had 
gone across the Bayou to attack the Yanks, it hav- 
ing been learned that the whole Yankee army was 
retreating to their gun boats. The 40th was again 
ordered in line of battle and marched down to the 
Chickasaw bridge, ready to support the force Gen. 
Maury had taken over, in case of a fight, lie drove 
the enemy to their boats, capturing many spades 
and commissary stores, and some few prisoners, and 
returned back. The 40th Alabama remained in line 



19 



until nearly dark in a terrible rain. About dark the 
Regiment was ordered back to select a place to 
bivouac during the night. It rained torrents, and 
the 40th Alabama by company selected the best 
places possible. Company '*B" wont up on a crag 
or spur of the mountain, cut wood and made large 
fires, and spread some blankets to keep the rain oil". 
They availed but little, and it rained all night, 
rained out our fires two or three times. We built 
them up again. All the Company suffered greatly, 
having no shelter, and most of the night no fires. 
Lieut. Wier, in a chair taken from battle field, sat 
up in it all night, with corn stalks put up and his 
blanket over him. Capt. Willett and Lieuts. Terry 
and Latham sat up on a log all night with blankets 
over them, but all officers and men got very wet. 
Lieut. Wier brought a sack of good crackers off the 
battle field and distributed them to the Company. 
The other Companies of the Regiment were in like 
manner scattered about on the mountain wherever 
they could get a suitable place. In these places the 
Regiment remained all day Saturday, January 3rd, 
18G3, and until Sunday morning, January Ith, 18G3, 
when orders from the Division Commander, Gen. 
Maury, came ordering the Brigade from the bottoms 
to a field near Dr. Smith's on the mountains. On 
Sunday morning, January 4th, 18G3, the whole 
Brigade went upon the hill and remained there Sun- 
day night and Monday and until Tuesday morning, 
January Gth, 1803, when orders came again for the 
Brigade to march down to the bottoms of the Yazoo 
about one mile above the first position of the 40th 
Alabama. The camp was a low one and in fair 
weather did finely, but would be a bad camp in 
rainy weather. While at tliat (;ani[j SDUie of the 
Company went down to Chickasaw Bayou, near 
Mrs. Lake's quarter, and fished up a barrel of 



20 



pi(;kle(l pork iind cnrriod it into cainj)S, and it added 
greatly to the provision stock of Company " B." 
Many barrels were fished up out of the Baj'ou wiiich 
l)ad been thrown into the water by the retreating 
Yankees. 

On Wednesday evening orders were issued 
orderirjg the Brigade to move camps lower down 
the Mississippi towards Vicksburg to the Indian 
i\Iound the battle field of Sunday, December 28th, 
1S(J2, and the whole Brigade in its proper order 
encamped in the corn fields between the Bayou and 
the mountains, the 40tli in rear of the Indian 
Mound. The field is low and black soil, very slip- 
pery in wet weatlu^r, with water convenient, but 
wood very inconvenient — had to be carried from the 
tops of the big hills by tlie nwu. The lazy mess, 
to-wit: Capt. Willett, Lieuts. Terry, Latham and 
Wier hauled some very heavy one hoi'se loads off 
the hills. It worried the tcavis very much, l)Ut the 
Weather was cold and rainy and there was no other 
chance. 

January 25th, 1803. 

On Wednesday, 7th January, 18G3, the 40th 
Alabama camped at Indian Mound, and to this 
date, January 25th, 1803, all the time have been at 
the same place. No events of interest occurred. 
The Ylmkee lleet and army had all left atul gone up 
the Mississippi River, and during the time compara- 
tive quiet prevailed. The Regiment did brigade 
guard duty and drilled some. ]\Lo.st of the time was 
cold and rainy weather very disaLjreeabh^ for sol- 
diei'ing, and the poorest plac^e to buy anything the 
Iteginit^nt had been at. Nothing to s<dl, nothing to 
buy except what the Commissary had, and that only 
meal, beef and molasses. On the night of January 
20th Company "B" with three other companies of 



21 



4()lh Alal)ama went on picket from the Bayou to the 
mouth of tlie Yazoo, and remained until next day, 
when they were relieved by other pickets. 

On the 2']vd January, 1S('.3, the Yankee fleet 
jiiJ^ain appeared in the Mississippi above Vicksburg, 
in sight about seven miles from tiie city. On the 
23rd January on the opposite side of the Mississippi 
a skirmish took })lace in which the Conftiderates 
were successful. On Sunday 25th of January canon- 
ading was heard in the same direction. The result 
is not learned. Daily canonading goes on from the 
batteries on land and the gun boats. A seige before 
Vicksburg is expected, and it may continue a long 
tinu!, but to all human appearances the place cannot 
be tnken. It is fortified wonderfully by Nature, and 
tlH3 (confederates have the advantage decidedly. 
The place is fortified by Nature and Art and a noble 
army for its defense, large and well appointed. The 
(.'ommander-in-chief is Lieut. Gen. Pemberton and 
iviaj. Gen. Stephenson second in command. Of the 
sick T. 11. Lee and M. P. Thompson from Columbus 
have r(;Lurned to camp. The Company "B" 40th 
Alabama Kogiment now rank and file numbers 
ninety-four men, not all with the command. There 
ure away January 25th, 1S(53, at C(dumbus, Miss., in 
hospital: D. N. Hicks, K. J. Lancaster, T. H. Wil- 
liams, B. T. Black. J. A. Pratt, Jno. C. Pratt, J. J. 
Striclsiand, Jno. Goodwin and Jas. M. Bush as 
nurse. At Mobile on d(;tached seivice Jno. G. Rob- 
inson and Jno. K. Hicks. At Citron(!lle Corporal A, 
W. Largent. At home sick, J. W. llorton, Jno. L. 
Pratt and Knocii Wood. Andrew Bush at Jackson 
in hospital. W. J. Strickland and J. L. Kerr in hos- 
pital at Vicksburg, Mi.;s. Tlu'se are all the absen- 
tees from CJonipany "P'" at tliis date, JLumary 25th, 
lb(.3. 



22 



Desckiption List of Company "B" 40th Regiment 
Ala. Volunteers, March 1st, 1<S()3. 

name. hank. 

' P:ibert D. Willett Captain 

Jno. T. Terry 1st Lieutenant 

Jas. A. Latham 2n(l Lieutenant 

Jas. H. Wier 2nd Lieutenant 

Eli D. Vance 1st Sergeant 

Tandy R. Thomas 2nd Sergeant 

Jno. W. Sanders 3rd Sergeant 

Walter M. Gilkey 4th Sergeant 

Sardine Hihlreth 1st Corporal 

Geo. W. Belk 2nd Corporal 

Jacob IL Eaton 3rd Corporal "— 

Andrew W. Largent 4th Corporal 

Allen, James M Private 

Acker, Ralus G Private 

Acker, Geo. W Private 

Barham, Wm Private 

Black, Sam'l D Private 

Black, Benj. T Private 

Bush, Jno. E Private 

Bush, Jas. M Private 

Bush, Andrew J Private 

Byars, Jas. A Private 

Brandon, Jno. R Private 

Cook, Jno. P Private 

Collins, Joseph Private 

Collins, Jonathan Private 

Cameron, Jos. D Private 

Cameron, Jas. B Private 

Cameron, Thomas Private 

Calley, Wm. P Private 

Cole, Lewis T Private 

Channell, Thos. A Private 

Curry, Jno. H , . ,. Private 



23 



Eeds, Jno. A Pr 

Easterling, Henry Pr 

Freeman, Morgan W Pr 

Freeman, Isham A Pr 

Freeman, Marcus M Pr 

French, Jno. M Pr 

Goodwin, Jno Pr 

Graham, Geo. M Pr 

Tlicks, Dan'l N Pr 

Hicks, Jno. R Pr 

Hicks, Jno. F Pr 

Howell, Anderson T Pr 

Hall, Jos. N Pr 

Hall, Jos. C Pr 

Horton, J. Wiley Pr 

Jones, Thos. W Pr 

Jones, Wm. J Pr 

Jones, Robt. A Pr 

Jones, Wm. H Pr 

Jennings, Jno. J. Pr 

Jennings, Wm. H Pr 

King, Sam'l G Pr 

Kerr, Jno. L Pr 

Lancaster, Jos Pr 

Lancaster, Eli J Pr 

Lee, Thos. H Pr 

Ledbetter, Richard B Pr 

Lavender, D. Spencer Pr 

Lipsey, Wm. L Pr 

McAteer, Wm. R Pr 

McAteer, Jackson Pr 

McManus, Jno. E Pr 

Mullins, Benj. F Pr 

Pratt, Jos. A Pr 

Pratt, Jno. L Pr 

Pratt, Jno.(.^ Pr 

Parker, Jas. F Pr 



vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 
vate 



24 



Pearson, Sani'l Private 

Peteet, J no. T Private 

Reddish, Jas. H Privates 

Russell, Jno. A Private 

Russell, Asbury Private 

Reynolds, Tiios. K Private 

Reynolds, Jas. S Private 

Robinson, Jno. G Private 

Robinson, Sam'l Private 

Strickkuid, Wni. G Private 

Thompson, Mark L Private 

Taylor, Wm. S Private 

Williams, Paul I Private 

Williams. Thos. H Private 

West, James II Privatii 

Wood, William Private 

Wood, Joshua Private 

Wood, Enoch Private 

Weeins, Jno. R Private 

Vance, Wm. V Private 

Yerby, Jas. E Private 

Shaver, Wm. K Private 

Robinson, Hugh J Private' 

Strickland, Jno. J Private 

Elmore, Chas Private 

Elmore, Anderson Private 

Elmore, William Private 

Elmore, James Private 

llunnicutt, Robt Private 

Elmore, Bowman ] . Private 

Elmore, Jacob Private 

Elmore, Jno. T Private 

Elmore, Jordan J Private 

Shepherd, Hiram Private; 

Johnson, Jno. W Private 

Shirly, Julius l*rivat(; 

Davis, Jeriy Privat<; 



25 



Irwin, X}. W i*rivate 

Phillips, Win. L I'livalc; 

(In.tho orio-inal Diary thore appears after each 
name a personal description of <'acii man o^ivinjj^ his 
apfe, color of his ey(\s, color of hair, complexion, 
size, whore horn, occupation h(!for(i enlistment, 
when, where, by whom and for what period 
enlisted.) 

Descriptive List of (Company "ir' 4()tii Alauama 
lli'idiMKNT Who Have Died in 'ihe Siou- 

VICE TO MAliCH 1st, IHd;}. 
NAME. RANK. 

Fowler, Jno. F I'^rivate 

Carver, Wesley II I'rivatc; 

Williams, Thomas Private 

Russell, Chas. \V Privalt^ 

Savage, Ahner W Privates 

Daniel, Thos. P Private 

Jennings, Abner D Privat(! 

Ilollingsworth, A. J I'rivate 

Jas. E. Yerby Private 

Poteet, Jno. T Privat(; 

Pratt, Jno. L Private 

Kerr, Jno. L Private 

Mullins, Benj. F Private 

Gilbert, H. F. B Private 

Bolk, Geo. W Private 

McManus, Jno. E l*rivate 

( C'Jill<2Z^„'lUi^ Private 

Cameron, Jas. B Private 

Reynolds, Jas. S Private 

Weems, Jno. R Private 

(In the original Diary there appears after each 
name a personal description of each man, giving iiis 
age, color of eyes, color of hair, complexion, size, 
where born, (K-.cupation before enlistment, when, 
where, by whom and for what p(!riod enlisted, and 
when, where and from what cause he died.) 



26 



Descriptive List op Company "B" 40tii Regiment 

Alabama Volunteers, Discharoed and 

Transferred to March 1st, 18G3. 

name. rank. 

Strickland, Abel Private 

Morrison, Wm . . Private 

] licks, Henderson Private 

Weems, Jas. F Private 

Shockley, Thos. W Private 

McGee, Jno. P Private 

Wior, Jas. D Private 

F. W. Ralph Sergeant 

Hancock, Jesse T Private 

Gilber, H. F. B Private 

Irwin, Robt Private 

Wood, Enoch Private 

Jennings, W H Private 

Kasterling, Henry Private 

Sanders, H. H. Private 

Acker, G. W Private 

Jones, A. D Private 

(In the original Diary is given a personal descrip- 
tion of each man as above stated, together witii the 
cause and place of his discharge or transfer.) 

The 40th Regiment Alabama Voliinteers re- 
maine(l at Camp Timmons, doing the usual guard 
duty, brigade guard duty and picket duty on the 
Lake farm by company, and picket duty down at 
the bend on the Mississippi River, and regular drill- 
ing in battalion and company, and skirmish drills. 
At that camp Jas. E. Yerby took sick with mumps, 
followed by fever. He was taken to Vicksburg hos- 
pital and died on the 4th day of March, 18G3. H^ 
was a good soldier and excellent citizen at home, 
had the love and respect of the whole Company, 



27 



faithful to do duty. He left a wife and live children, 
who live in Pickens County, Alabama, the place of 
his residence. During the time the Regiment was 
at Camp Timmons the weather was very disagree- 
able. It rained almost incessantly, and the camp 
and roads became very muddy indeed. The water 
was bad and not at all suitable for the health of the 
Regiment. The rations were scanty, beef very poor 
and meal very coarse, and other rations inferior in 
quality and scanty as to quantity. At that camp 
D. N. Hicks and several others returned to camp 
from hospital. At that camp John H. Curry a 
young man just eighteen years old joined the Com- 
pany, Ho came from home with Danl N. Hicks. 
At said camps Jno. L. Kerr a young man from Sum- 
ter County, Alabama, just arriving at eighteen, 
came tocamps and joined the Company. 

On the evening of the 17th of February, 18(53, it 
raining torrents, orders came from the 40th to move 
up to the bridge known as Chickasaw Bridge, in 
that terrible rain. The Regiment was formed and 
just at dark commenced the march, Lieut. Latham 
in command of Company "B." Capt. Willett con- 
ducted the Regiment acting as Major, Lieut. Col. 
Higley having gone before, Major T. C. Stone sick, 
Capt. E. S. Gully, senior captain at home on sick 
leave, and Col. A. A. Coleman having also gone 
home on sick leave. As stated the Regiment moved 
at dark in the rain- (it having rained for two days 
previous) and the roads were well nigh impassable. 
The mud and water was from shoe mouth to knee 
deep, mostly knee deep, and but the one road, and 
on either side deep gullies. The Regiment marched 
that dreadful road three miles in the dark in mud 
knee deep, and got to the bridge about 11:00 o'clock 
night. The 2nd Texas had not moved and the 40th 
were at the bridge in the dark. When the men got 



28 



there they were warm and perspiring freely, but 
stopping the rain soon chilled the men. They had 
no tents or cover, and were soon ordered to bivouac 
on tlie hills. Each Company went upon the hills 
and after an hour or two got fires started and parti- 
ally warmed and dried their clothes. The clothes of 
the men were coated with mud, and it could be got 
off only by washing the clothes or drying and beat- 
ing the mud off. Many lost their shoes and many 
fell and injured themselves. But few slept any that 
nigtit. Next day the weather was better, and the 
Regiment next day dried their clothes and the next 
<lay a camp was laid off in the corn field and the 
whole Regiment moved to it Saturday evening in a 
hard rain. The Regiments remained at Chickasavv 
Bridge until the lUth day of March doing guard 
duty, picket duty at the Lake farm and on the 
Levee, also drilling in battalion company and skir- 
misii drills. Lieut. Wier was detailed as enrolling 
officer and got leave of obsence for thirty days, lie 
started for Pickens the 2(5th day of February and 
came back on the 7th of March bringing recruits for 
Compan}' "B" Chas. and Anderson Elmore, J. A. 
Lipsey. Jas. E. Yerby was taken sick at Camp Tim- 
mons and sent to hospital at Vicksburg. There on 
the 4th day of March, 1863, he died. Also Americus 
J. Ilollingsworth by the march to Chickasaw Bridge 
was t/iken sick and the attack was violent. He lin- 
gered five or six days in great pain, and on the 2Sth 
day of February he died. He was a little over eigh- 
teen years old, unmarried. Yerby was thirty-one 
years old and left a wife and five children in Pick- 
ens County. Company "B" had not much sickness 
at Chickasaw Bridge. The rations wt-re short, for 
twenty days we had no mi^il at all, but the men 
foraged in the cane brakes and pr<)cure<l an irregu- 



29 



.r supply of meat. The men also Ix^iij^iit meal and 

ther articles to eat. 

On the 18th day of March, isi;;], Lieut. J. T. 

'erry y;ot sick leave of ahseuce and started home. 

I(; got home and had a severe spell of sickness. 
)n the 19th day of March, 1863, the -lUth Alabama 
vas ordered to ITaynes Landing and marched to 
.hat place on the Yazoo nine miles the same day 
and pitched tents on a hill above the landing. 
Remained there until Saturday night ;2Ist March 
wluui the 40th Alabama left in boat for Deer Creek. 
Arrived at Rolling Fork on 22nd, Sunday, early. 
Took up line of march for Deer Creek wading one 
(juar'ter of a mile in back water waist <l(,M'p. Ai-rivenl 
at Dr. Moore's farm on Deer Creek at lOiOO o'clock 
a. m. Left tents and all baggage but blank(its 
behind. Came up with enemy's gun boats and land 
forces at Dr. Moore's. Had a skirmish with the 
enemy and they shelled the 40th Alabama three 
hours luuxvily. Gen. Featherstone was in command 
of 40th Alabama, 22nd Mississippi, cavalry and 
artillery. This shelling was at the Messinger farm. 
Company "F" was detailed as skirmishers, and had 
one man wounded in the face — left eye knocked out. 
Monday, 23rd, advanced to Williams' farm. Com- 
pany "A" left in rear to support battery, Capt. Gul- 
ly's company, he, the Captain having gone home on 
sick leave froi,n Camp Timmons, also Lieut. Cobb, 
Lieut. McGowan in command. Next day fell back 
to Messinger farm, it having rained all night before. 
Tucisday, 24th, advanced to eight mile post on Little 
Deer Creek. 

Wednesday, 25th March, advanced to Foris' 
farm. Companies "B"' and "C" Lieuts, Latham and 
lirunson commanding, under Capt. VVillett acting 
^lajor skirmished with the rear guard of enemy 
through an immense cane swam}) and marsh and on 



30 



through Foris' farm, pursued the Yatiks aiid cap- 
tured baggage, canteens, eatables, etc. Yarbrougli 
of Company "C" killed, and Elmore Company "B" 
wounded. In the meantime 40th Alabama, olst and 
33rd Mississippi and 22nd Mississippi and artillery 
under Brig. Gen, Featherstone came up to sui)iK)rt 
skirmishers. The enemy fell back, and Ooiil'cdiM-ate 
forces fell back to strong position for night. Next 
dayj Thursday, drove the enemy into Black Bayou, 
and commenced the march back to Rolling Fork. 
The Yanks being driven out. Gen. Featherstone 
took all his Brigade but 40th Alabama and artillery 
and started for Greenwood. 40th Alabama, ('ol. 
Iligley commanding, marched three miles to Indian 
Bayou on Deer Creek to rest a few days. That litthi 
army had been marching in rain and mud for nine 
days, and the Regiment had not had dry clothes or 
blankets in that time. The servit-e was hard, espe- 
cially on Companies "B" and "C" which did most 
of the skirmishing. During those days our rations 
were cooked at Rolling Fork and jjacked. We 
impressed the mills and beeves and hogs and had 
plenty after the second day. Col. Ferguson was 
left in command of forces on Deer Creek. On Tues- 
day, April 2nd, Companies "A'' and "B" under 
command of Capt. Willett started for Fish Lake 
sixty miles up Deer Creek near Greenville. 2nd 
April marched to Capt. Willis' farm; ovd April to 
Thomas' farm; April 4th to Falls' farm; April 5th to 
Yerger's farm: April Gth to Fish Lake; reported to 
Maj. Bridges in command of battali()n of sharp- 
shooters, 250. Remained there until morning of 
April 7th, when it was ascertained, that Gon. 
Steele with 13 regiments, 8 pieces of artillery and 
250 cavalry pursued us from Greenville. Col. Fer- 
guson ordered a retreat at 7:00 o'clock, and we 
retreated 23 miles to Fall's by dark. Next day fell 



31 



back to Thomas' wher(^ four more companies of 
40th canu) up and three pieces of artillery. There 
we made a stand and shelled the enemy with seven 
pieces of cannon, and the enemy, thouj^h in superior 
forc(!, conunenced retreating. We pursued them to 
Fish Lake, In the meantime the .'iOth Alabama and 
other reii^imtuits were on the march to our aid, but 
when tlu! enemy retreated they turned back to 
Vicksbiir^^ Wo remained at Greenville two or 
three days and commenced the march back to 
Indian Bayou on Deer Creek. Cavalry forces hav- 
ing conn; to relieve the 40th Alabama on the IBth 
of April the lotli camped at Helen Johnston place, 
alter thirty days of severe service; on Deer Creek 
vast quantities of property was destroyed by the 
enemy and slaves taken off. One of the richest 
portions of Mississippi was laid waste and made 
desolate. The 4Uth remained at Helen Johnston 
idace two days and then moved over a mile to 
Indian Bayeu, former camp and put up our tents, 
the lirst time we had seen them in a month. At that 
place also cam(} up with baggage, and once more 
had a chance to put on clean clothes. 

At this place Maj. T. O. Stone about the 28th 
of April was ordered by Col. Ferguson to take three 
companie's of -loth Alabama and proceed to little 
Sunflower at tlu! mouth of Rolling Fork and there 
take boat and proceed up Sunliower River about 100 
miles, lie took three companies. Company "A" 
commanded by Ciipt. Gully, just returned from 
home, Company ^'D" commanded by Capt. Camp- 
bell, and Company "I" commanded by Capt. Ghant. 
On the 5th day of May, 18U3, orders came from 
Vick?,biir-- throu[j;h Col. Fer^ruson for the 40th Ala- 
bama lo march to Vicksburg 100 miles distant. On 
Tuesday tlu^ otii day of May, 1803, Companies ''B," 
"C," "E," 'F," "G," "11" and "K" took up the 



32 



liiK! of inai-cli for the nioutli of Rolling Fork to take 
boat from there for Hay tics Landing on the Yazoo 
River. On liiat day arrived at Litth; ISunllower, 
halving hehiiul of Company "H,' B. (1. Acker, Jona- 
than ('ollins and Jas. F. Parker yick in hosjiital, 
ALso Sergt. \Vm, P. (JaUey detached to buy beeves 
for the army. At Indian Bayou Jno. T. Petete of 
Company "B," a good sohlier, died on the 2ud (]ay 
of Mays lf^';">, and was buried at tlie nt'arest churcli 
on Deer Creek v/ith military honors on Sunday the 
2rd of May, ]8(i;i. He resided in Sumter County, 
Alabama, and left a wife and three children. He 
was an excellent man. On Thursday the 7th day of 
May the 40th Alabama took the steamboat Walsh 
for Haynes Lamling and arrived there on the eve- 
ning of the same day. The Gtli day of May previ- 
ously the Regiment remained at the mouth of Rt)il- 
ing Fork all day getting the baggage of the 
R<'giment down to the boat. This was done on 
skill's or small boats sent for that purpose. On 
Friday, the .sth day of May, 1803, the Regiment 
marched to Vicksburg distant fifteen miles, and 
nmch wearied, camped in a hjt near the railroatl 
depot. The sick of Company '"B" who could not 
march were left at Haynes Landing^ to wit: Jno. C. 
Pratt, Jas. Collins, \V. K. Shaver and Corporal A. 
W. Largent. On Saturday the 'Jth day of May the 
Reginient (4()th), Col. Higley commanding, marched 
to Warrenton ten miles below Vicksburg on the 
Mississippi River and were again joined to Brig. 
Gen. Jno. C. Moore's lirigade, composed of :.'nd 
Texas, 37th, 4-2nd and 40tli Alabama and 85th and 
401 h Mississip[ji 1^'giments. Several of the sick and 
worn out men of Conii)a,ny '"B" were left in tlu; 
Vicksburg iiospital, to-wit: Lieut. J. H. Wier, Pri- 
vate Jno. C Pratt, Jas. Collins, Paul L Williams 
and Henry Easterling. On Sunday, 10th of May, 



33 



the Regiment 4()tli Alabama and Uio vvliole of 
Moore's Brigade was ordered to move camp a mih^ 
farther back from tlie rear of Warrenton, being 
exposed to fire of enemy's gunboats. On Monday 
the nth of May the whole Regiment except the 
absent companies were ordered on picket at the fort 
at Warrenton for twenty-four liours. The Col. 
(Iligley) selected 100 men after dark and relieved 
the previous jjicket. Capt. E. D. Willett acting 
major took charge of the balance of the Regiment 
as a reserve, and on a levee a few hundred yards in 
the rear held them there in line of battle during the 
night. Just at dawn the next day the reserve was 
ordered back to camp, and Col. ITigley with the 100 
men remained in the fort until dark May 12, 18G3, 
under a terrific cannonade from thu enemy's gun- 
boats. On Wednesday KUh May the Regimtnt 
remained in camps; on Thursday 14th May the 
Regiment remained in camps. On Friday 15th, 
the 40th went on picket, in rear of Warrenton, as 
reserve in case of attack, and lay in line of battle in 
a tield, and in the evening of same day the whole 
Regiment moved camps three miles neartu- Vicks- 
burg on the outer or first line of defence. 

On Saturday 10th of May commenced digging 
rille pits and cutting down timber in our front; on 
Sunday IMay 17th, KSO;), continued digging rille pits 
until 3:00 o'clock in the evening, when the 40th and 
the whohi of Moore's Brigade was ordered back to 
Vicksburg. The whole of Moore's Brigade with 
artillery fell back from first line of defense to the 
trenches at or in rear of Vicksburg. During the 
preceding week the enemy had driven our forces. 
The hard fought battles of RayuKjud, Jackson and 
Bakers Cret^k and at Big Black had been fought 
and Gen. Johnston's and Pemberton's forces had 
retired before Gen. Grant's army ten to one against 



34 



us. On the same Sunday eveninj^, May 17th, 18G5, 
that army or a part of the army uoder Gen. Pember- 
ton retire<l hack to ilie trenches at Vicksburg, and 
Gen. Johnston's forces fell back to Jackson, and on 
the 17th of May, ist>3, the garrison at Vicksburg 
took their [)osition in the trencht^s in order of battle. 
Smith's Division on the left, Forney's Plvision in 
the center and Stephenson's Division on the right, 
and Bowen's Division in reserve, with the artillery 
all planted and put in position on the several 
redoubts or held works. The 40th Alabama Regi- 
ment was on left of Moore's Brigade on northeast 
side of Southern Railroad. On Monday, the 18th of 
May, the enemy continued the investment of Vicks- 
burg on the rear from Snider's Bluff to Warrenton, 
and cannonaded the line all day, feeling for our 
sharp-shooters, and otherwise reconnoitering our 
lines and getting their batteries in position to shell 
our lines. Tuesday, May 19th, 18G3. During the 
morning the cannonading and skirmishing on our 
lines was incessant. John A. Davis of Company 
"G" was killed, and several in the 40th Alabama 
wounded. In the evening a severe battle was 
fought on our left. The enemy charged our works 
in front of Herbert's Brigade and were repulsed 
with great loss. The assaults continued , until 
nearly night. Wednesday, 20th of May, remained 
in trt^nches all day. Shelling and sharp-shooting 
incessant. Fallon of Company "E" and Sims of 
Company "D" were killed and several wounded, 
Thursday, 21st, continued shelling and sharp-shoot- 
ing all day. W. J. Jones, Company "B" while on 
picket was shot through the arm near shoulder and 
his left arm amputated. Friday, 22nd May, at dawn 
the shelling and sharp-shooting commenced furi- 
ously. Tlie mortar fleet day and night was doing 
its work since the investment. The Confederates 



1771820 



willihcld iluMi" lii'c, and a ;j;-('ii('ral assault at 
1 1 ;(i() o'clock was inadr l>y llic ciiciny, but thcN- 
\V(;rc repulsed at all i)oiiits with ^'i-eat slaiiglitei-. 
Thi^ li^lit continued until (knk, the enemy driven 
liacdv around tin; whole line. Cain in ('oni|>any 
'"iv"' was killed. Thos.' (';iineron in (,\)in])anv 
■'I')"" had middle jin^'er of hd't hand nearly shot 
idV. Saluida}, .May "J-'lrd. lirinj^ incessant. .Alan}' 
nn)vements of encany's ti'oops, hut no battle. 
Sunday, ^lay <!;>r(l, soun* lirint^ but uo battle. .Moii 
day, .May .■.'•■)th, usual lirin^j; until •.':(•(! o'ldocdc \>. m . 
when a tiaj;' of truce appeai'ed. The lirin*;- ceased 
alon;^- the whoh; liiu', and a rian^enieuls were tuaih- 
to bury the enemy's dead, in)W vei\' (dVeusi\c to oUl' 
nu'ii in the trenches. The tinn- allowed was fi-oni 
S:U(I o'chndv a. m. to lOiOO p. m. Then occui-re<l a 
nov(d scene in war. .Xflcr the |la>; of lruc<' went 
out the C'onfedefates and l^'edtuals from two to 
three hundred yards apart left t heir arms a ud nut 
midway and (;()mnn!mred friendly c(M1 vei'sations. 
talkeil abtuit boriu'. e\ciianj;<'d tobacco for canteens, 
papers, etc. Kor a nnunent. (aj;;iinst orders) the\ 
met, miuj^led, talked ami seeme(| like fidends. 
Wlien tin- lla^ disappeared both partn-s ^ot to their 
places of safety and all enemies a;_;ain. Sti'ange 
sit^htl 1 had a view (.)f two nnles on the line and 
the sanu' ap]»eared e\erv where. i\o casualtiis iu 
(.'ompany "W on tJiat (Uiy. Ser^^t-. (lilkey and .1. 
I). Kc'ir were hoth strilcdc with l)alls hut slightly 
injured. Tues(hiy, May slot h. furious lirin^ all day. 
No casualties in ('ompany "dl."" W'ednesdaw .May 
■.dth, lirinw- as usual all da\' and ni^liL Sii-;.:;! 
Terry, ('ompauy "dr" was killed. hihdiamps, ( 'om 
pany 'd*\"" also killed. Tni-reted <;iinl)oat "(Mucin 
nati"" sunk bidore Vdcksltur^;- h>- oui' l>atti'i-ie.^. 
Thursday, May .'sth, (!ompan\ 'i;" had ('>■> men in 
treuciies. ileav)' tiring- all day ami niii;'ht. ^!a\ 



.'>■'■'•.*« 



36 

29th, Friday, at dawn a furious cannonading C(Mti- 
monced. At 8:00 a. m, G. W. Acker by a slioll lind 
liis left arm broken. Saturday, May ;!uth, heavy 
lirin^ all day. Sunday, May 'Mst, furious firiuf^: with 
cannon and small arms all day until daik and most 
of the nij^ht. The enemy intrenchiuf? in our front. 
Monday, June 1st, heavy firing all day. Tuesday, 
June '^nd, heavy firing all day and night. J.acy, 
{'ompany "C" killed. Wednesday, June ;5rd, heavy 
firing all day. Jno. L. Pratt, Company "B," killed 
.[une 4th, Thursday, acting as shari)-shooter in th(} 
trenches. He was shot through the hea<l at 7:;iO 
o'(Jock a. m. and died at 5:00 p. m. Shot by a minie 
ball. He was twenty-nine years old, left a wife and 
one child and was a brave and good soldier. Fii- 
day, June 5th, heavy firing as usual. Saturday, 
June Gtli, A. T. Howell, Company "ir' was shot by 
minie ball in arm and shoulder in trenclies. (Irif- 
filh, Company "C" killed. To this date ten killed 
and thirty wounded in 4()th Alabama. Tiie troops in 
in trenches have never been relieved. Heavy can- 
nojiading and sharp-shooting continue all the time. 
Sunday, June 7th, mortar lleet still shells the cily. 
Heat very oppressive in trenches. Rations very 
short, .i lb. flour and .^ lb. peas. No report of 
reinforcements. The army in very good spirits 
considering the sulfering. Heavy iiring all the 
time. 'Monday, June isth, at daylight Company "H" 
left the trenches to rest beliind the hills f(->r the day, 
and returned at dark. Cother, Company "(i," killed 
at dark getting in water. I^ieut. Jas. Patten, Com- 
pany "K" died today of fever in hospital. Health 
of Company 'B" good considering the suffering, 
confinement and short rations and water. Tuesda}', 
June 'Jth, firing continued all day and night. Th(;s. 
Cameron, before wounded in the linger, was shot 
through leg by ball from shell and was sent tt) hos- 



37 



]>it;il at Vii.-ksbiirj^. Wediicsflay, .1 line lotli, lieavy 
lii'iiiu: all (lay and nij^lit. K.arly a lieavy rain set in 
iind it rained all day and night. Tin; drainagf in 
our licnclics noL being g(M)d tlu; ditches oveilin wed. 
All got wet, ami r(,'inain(.;d so all day and night. It 
was a disagi'eeabhj night in the ti't^ntdu's Thurs- 
day, Jnne I 1th, early it (deared up ami we had a 
better time though very hot in the tren(du;s. The 
tiring hea\y. No signs of an assanlt, but on the 
contrary the enemy intrenching in front. Hill, 
(Joni])aiiy ••11"' died of wounds. Also b'reejnan. 
l.'ompany ••(!."" Friday, June j-ith. tiring as incch- 
sant as ev(;r. (len. l'eml»ei'ton placed a ten in(di 
mortar in rear of oiir redoubt and (_;ommenci-i| shell- 
ing the enemy. They conctuitrated a terribhi lire 
upon it and also our redoubt. lici-eived money 
today from (Japt. Lake, Assistant (J^uarter ^Master, 
and C!apt. Willett paid off his ('onii)any in treuidie^ 
for four months, .January, b\d)ruary, .Maridi and 
.\pril, isf.:;. It was very disagr(;eable as the balls 
and shells of the emnny often besprinkled tlui rolls 
with dirt. The rations of the men were often 
.sprinkliMl with dirt. Tht^y ai'i; by four nnm coidvcil 
in the rear, .i lb. bacon, peas enough, one small 
<'orn cake, a few ounces of rice and sugar every 
fourth da\'. The nn.'U (-an barely liv(; and are daily 
lo.sing sti'eiigih. Satui'day, June liUh, unceasing 
liriiigj)n nioitar and all around the lines, l^larly 
iibnning.l. I!. Weems. C»mipan\' "'J-),"" ^vhile coming 
from rook plaix; to tren(dies shot himself in left 
hand ami se'iit to hosijital. Sunday, Jumi^ 14th, liriiiL' 
was more i-ai)id and furious all day than usual. .\i\ 
of (!om)an}' "('" died of wounds. .VIso l*'i"eemaii, 
('ompan\' •"11. "" TIuim' mcji of Cjoiiipany "11"' 
deserted to the (Munny. Monday, June latli, (loin- 
nan}' '"H"" r(di(*viMl fnnn trenches lor the da>'. 
("ajit. Willett went to the I'.iispital and paid off the 



38 



sick and wounded of Company "R." Rt'tnrned to 
tranches at dark. Firinsj: lu^avy all day and ni^hl. 
Tuesday, June 10th, incessant fii'in}:^ all duy. 
Wednesday, June 17th, firing as usual. At 7:'M) 
a. ni. a conical shell entered the trench aud 
exploded, one piece struck B. F. MuUins in tlin 
head, ili^ was hadly wounded, taken to hos})ital 
No. ;!, operated on and soon after died. He left a 
wife and one child, was a {j^ood solditu-. (Jaid. ^Vil- 
jott I'ling sick loft the trenches for the day. 'ru<^s 
day,. June 18th, tiring as usual. Col. (Jarrett tioth 
•Maliauia killed on l?th in trenches. Heavy skir- 
niislmii;- on tlie right and enemy n^pulsed at It. I'd 
o'( l..ek p. 111. Friday, June IDth, hea,vy liring. At 
i; i)o a. m. .)no. I,og;in Keri' was shot in tlu^ head in 
tri-iiches l>y minie hall entering near right ear ami 
coming out nt^ai" left ear. He dit^l instantly . lie 
resided with his father in Sumter County, Alahanui, 
was eiglittuMi >'ears of age, w^as a good l»oy, an olte- 
dleiit and faithful soldier. Satui'day, June -.^oth, 
trennindous cannonading along the lines and firing 
(d" small arms. Capt. Willett returned to tremdies 
in hatl health. Paul 1. Williams, company "IT' 
sharp shooting was shot hy minie hall hreaking one 
<d' hones of left arm near widst. He was sent to 
hospital. At H-.OO o'clock a. m. Henry F. .) . 
Cilheji, Comj)any "B" of hrass hand while acting 
with tlw! litter corps hearing off Lieut. Yaiu'y 
Wounded, was struck in the head hy a sludl and 
instantly kilhul. Sunday, June 'J 1st, ISd:;, severe 
liiing all day and night. Monday. June "J'Jnd, Com- 
pany -'ir' i-(di«!ve(l to rest out td' tin; ti-en(dies Ixdiind 
the hills. Firing as usual. Rations I'tMJuced to j'our 
ounces ll()ur, four ounces rice flour, one, (juarter 
pound hacon, four ounces peas, a little sugar and 
rice ev(;ry fifth day .and a fifth of a plug of tohacco 
every fourth day. No vegetahles, mejil, flour oi- 



;{9 



anytliiii^ to buy at any ])iice. Notliing except the 
rations issued alike to t)itii'.ers and men. A (•liick<.'ii 
$;{.()() to $(1.00, tlour !ir5.(J0 ))er pountl, meal 850. oo j»ci- 
bushel, molasses $12.00 per j^ailon, beef 6v.oo ])ei- 
l)ound, milk $L.00 per (]uart, vinegar SS.t'O pt-i- gal- 
lon, dinner of beef and bread -So. 00; but at this date 
articles at those pi'ices hav(j all been consumed, and 
tin; soldiers bai"ely live on the I'ations. iiut nulilc 
men, they still endure it and defend these ti'encdics 
waiting for ( ien. Jolmston to come to their i-escuc. 
They think lie is not fai* otf, and it will gladden the 
In.^arts of a brave garrison to hear the hoonjing of 
his artillery towards Jackson and Big JJUudc. Tliey 
must hohl the tjenches oi' Vickslturg is gon^-. 'Tui-s- 
day,June X*;Jrd, firing as usual. Wtulnesday , .lunc 
;Mth, less cannonading to-day. 'i'hursday, diiix' 
isJAtii, heavy liring all day. Uations reduced \,> one 
ounce of Hour. Friday, .lune ;iGlh, bring lita\ y 
today. Thirty-ninth day of .vc/f/c. Filing on llie 
lines does not cease da\' nor night with cannon, 
mortar ileet and small arms. To date in toih Ala 
bama 55 killed and wounded, of tin; nnml>er '.'■> 
killetl. The garrison cannot be overcome, hut a 
want of rations may com[)( 1 a surreiuh.'r. (Jen. 
J(jhnston is anxiously looked for. Sa,tnrdav, .luiio 
■•.rth, continued firing. At (>:(•() a.m. iJoriioial (i. \\ . 
i'Jelk, Oo."l5.'' went down to i^rigadt; llosjutal to \i:,ii 
his sick fidend, J. K. McAlanus, and while tliere a 
])iece of iinndar shell struck him (weighing I.". 
jtonnds) in the back severely wounding him II i; 
died next morning at tJ:0o a. m. liread ndiu'cl to 
four onces of liour -it makes (»ne biscuil. Siinil:i\. 
.)un(! 'JSlh, C/orporal (I. W . I5elk died at <i "o a to. 
lie was a color corporal, one (d the hraxest mni 
and best stddiers in tin; army, was liked hy his olli 
cers and all the men of his company. Ife resided in 
Pickens County, Alabama, and left a wife and two 



-iu 



<'liil(li-eii by a former wifti. Jlis deatli is much 
i.«'}^i-('tteil. lU'hind the re(h)uht, ( Vtmjiany •' IT' ^iiii- 
ports, a nine incli Dahlj^reen is moiintetl. tii'inj^ ;it 
the enemy. 'I'hey r(!i)ly, whitdi snhjects (;()m})aiiy 
"li" to a heavy Ure all tlui time. Monday. June 
'.".dh, ]S(;;5, firinj^ as usual. Tiicsda}-, .hint; :;otli, 
lieavy firing all around the lines. Wednesday, .Inly 
1st, [bi'i'.'i, no casualties in ('ompany "IT' today. .M . 
\V. Freeman, Company "H" stru<dv' hy a spent hall, 
not seriously injured. Tlie enemy mined and blew 
iil» a redoubt on oui- left, ll(^rl»ert's i ha^ade, killin;^' 
and wounding iu ;3rd Louisiana forty men . Thui-s- 
day, July .'nd. heavy liring. July :!r(h 1^'iiday, flag 
of truce at ]U:()() o'clock and cessaJ ion of liosi ilit ies 
all arouml the lines. Tt^rms of capitulation of 
\ icksburg (jiarrison Ixdng arraii,i;t'd lietwem (Jen- 
(-rals (jlrant and Pembcrton. The rations aro 
exhausted, no deliverance has come and that gai- 
lison has to sun-ender. The tcims are agreed uiton 
and on the mori'ow the surrender will tako place; 
July 4tli, isG;!, Saturday, the Ai'my of \i(dvsburg 
cai»itulated, the officers retaining theii- side aians 
and private prop«^rty. The surrender took plare at 
K':UO a. m., and we marclied out of the tren(dios and 
the enemy took possession of them. Hy the terms 
the garrison was to be jxnolcd. Sunday, July r)th, 
ai-my^ waiting for paroles. Monday, July (dh, still 
waitin*^ to be paroled and washing clothes andg(d- 
ting Yankee rations. The enem}' treated the garri- 
son kindly. Tuesday, July 7th, \Vedt\es(lay, July 
^;th, Thursday, July !»th, Friday, July Kdh. and 
Saturday, July llth waiting foi- ])aroles to be pre- 
pared by the enemy, and <»n the llth of July, 1 so'K 
the whole army was put tlirough the enemy's lines; 
and marched that day to IJig Black, twelves miles 
from Vicksburg. Sunday, July j-.'tli, gai'rison took 
the line of Uiurch for Brandon and marched that 



41 

(lay to Pearl River, Monday, July 13th, marched to 
Brandon. The army marched in no order. At Bran- 
don the commands came up, and orders were issued 
to march to Enterprise, Mississippi. The men of the 
several commands at Brandon dispersed, and the 
men took the ditrerent roads homeward. The offi- 
cers left Brandon, Tuesday, July 14th; of Company 
"B," Lieuts. AVier and Latl am and Capt. Willett 
and Corporal ilildreth and that day marched to Dr. 
(!onnor's. Wednesday, July 15th and Thursday, 
July 10th, Friday, July 17th, Saturday, July isih 
and Sunday, July 19th, was taken up in makiu": the 
march to Enterprise. At Enterprise Gen. l*einberton 
issued an order furloughing the army for thirty 
days, and to report at Demopolis, Alabama, on 2;5rd 
day of August. Capt. Willett and Lieut. Eatiiam 
!sent their horses and mules home by llildretii. He 
started on morning of ^uth of July, and on '.'Ist of 
July, Moiulay, the three officers of Company "H," 
Lieuts. Wier and Latham and Capt. Willett starU'd 
by daylight in cars for Macon, Mississippi; got there 
at 10:0U a. m. and hired a hack and started for home, 
and arrived at CarroUton at 9:00 o'clock p. m., July 
^'Ist. 18(];5. Capt. Willett and Lieut. Wier were in 
feeble health, but we got home once more after an 
absence of a year and after much sulfeiiiig and 
exposure. In the meantime the men of Company 
'•15' loth Alabama were all getting home, some by 
rail and some walked all the way. Some few were 
hd't sick on the way, but all reached home but Hugh 
J. Kolnnson wlio was left in hospital at Brandou 
and must have died as he has never been heard from. 
Jtio. E. McManus, Private Company "B" 10th Ala- 
bama Kegiment, died at Vicksburg, July Kith, isr.:i. 
We left in the hands of the enemy our sick and 
wounded, towil- A. T. Howell, P. L Willinms, i\. 
W. Acker \V. J. Jones, Thos. Cameron and Jno K. 



4V 



WtM'ins wounded, W. D. Sniitii and .Josh. Wood 
si(d^, and JI. Kastt^ding nurse, in liospital. All of 
whom woro afterwards sent to ATohile, Alabama, 
and all rea(die(l home but one. dno. \i. Weunns ^ot 
within four miles of home and died about loth of 
August, IsiiM. May 17th, I8(i;;, the day Vicksburg 
vviis invested , I no. C Pratt and Jos. ('ollins, J'l-ivates 
(Company 'vl>'" -loth Alabama, havinj^^ Ixnui sent to 
(!amp Timinons were captui-ed and as j)risoners of 
war Were sent to l'\)rt Delaware wdiere they both 
died, the dates of their death not known. Then' 
were several men of (Jompany ••!')'" hd't on heer 
(Ji-e(dv' sirk who wei'e not capturecl, towit: 1!. (i. 
.\cker, .las. K. I'arkerand Sei-gt. \V. 1'. ('alley, who 
aflii\va,rds with (Jompaniiis "A,'' '•])"" ami '']" 
joiueil Johnston's army. Sei'gt. \V. I'. (!alle\" 
(lota(died to gather up beeves on l)eer ('i-(!«dc died at 
('apt. Willis" farm July 1st. isc,:;, oj' congestion. 
.\i ker and l?arker returned to their comnuind aft(u-- 
\vards. (.'ompaiiy "l!" and the ollicers under said 
order ri'turned home to speml a month, e.xcept the 
si( k and wounded hd't Ixdiind, and to re(U'uit tludi- 
almost broken constitutions. The tim(; was pleas- 
antly spent with loved ones at home. The season 
was a bountiful one, fruit of all kinds and [;-ardens 
of i-arest vey;idable. It was a happy time for the 
s(ddier to g(!t su(di rest at sueh a time amon^ Uncd 
i/iK's after su(di an arduous campaign as the .Alissis- 
si|ipi ca'inpaign had })rove(l. ( )n the --i'.U-il day of 
August the ollicers and men of ('ompany ''IT" were 
oriliTcd to report at hemopolis, .\labama, at /^o/'o/c 
camjis. ()n the Jlst da} of August ('apt. Wdlltdt. 
Lii'Uts. Latlian and W'iei- left home foi- Demopolis. 
with Corporals l<^a,ton, liildreth, ri-i\a.tes llussell 
and Uusstdl, (Jrahain, JJush, .1. A. I*j-alt, 'W W . ,Jon<s 
and l». S. J^avender and arrived ihrre on the >' U h 
day of August, went to parole vaiuj). iiuL few olli- 



cei's and nwn liad roportful, and llu^ (Uilisted men of 
(y()nil)any '-IT' all returned home. The ollicers 
remained until Septemlx^r 1st, jsi;;;, and weie all 
detailed to ^o to their homes for fiftt'en days, oi- to 
the i)iaces where theii- commands were raised, and 
a.sseml)l(! the men and i-eturn with them to jJaroW? 
camps. Lieuts. jjatham and Wier and Capt. Wiilelt 
with said ordei's returned home, arrived thei-e the 
■Hh of Sei)tember, ISii;!. and used (!vei-y dilio-ence an(J 
persuasion to got t.lu; men to return to pai'ole camps, 
hut few were induced to return. ()n the i;!th (d' Sep- 
teml)ei', isi;:;, said ollicers returned to l)emo])olis, 
Alahama, stai-ted the l.ith September and went to 
Macon, .Mississippi, next day to .Meridian and IDth 
to Demopolis, Alahanui. hut few of the command 
ret uriu'd at that time, some few, ])erhaps as man v as 
ten. We i-emailU'd IIkuc until jSlh of Sei)t('mher 
when ('apt. Willett was detailed from Oomjiany "!!'" 
to return to ]*i(d-:ens and compel l,he return of his 
command, the same haviuf^ lie<ui e.\(diaii<;-fMl the i;;th 
(d' Sej)temher, IM',;;. ('apt. W illet t, went home on (u- 
about the -.'SI, h (d Septcmher. USti.;, on tjiat Inisiness. 
1 n the meant ime nearly all his company helieviu"- 
they were ex(dian^-cd had started to I )em()])olis. He 
ord<'red ami .-.cut ojf those remaininj^^ except some 
sick and woutide<l. ('apt. Willett returned to Denioj)- 
olis the l(t(,|| ol October, is;:;, aiid by that time the 
(U)mmaml Company '-W was nearly all at l)emopo- 
lis. THe Kt;t4-iment had by this time nearly all C(une 
to c-anips. Tents, cook'iujj;- utensils, axes and camji 
r'([uipa^e was very scarce, but we made out lo u^rl 
along, ;^-ot rations siitljcieiit and in the meaiilijue 
w<'i'e armed with old muskets ver\' common. The 
lieginu'iit diille,! several days al heniopolis and 
were revitrwrd b} (ieil. .Moore, (ieU. Hardee, (Jen. 
Johnstiui and I'lc-ident 1 )a \ is. The ti-oops at 1 Hino})- 
olis were Cuckerclls -Misyuuri iiriyade, Mooie's iJri- 



-U 



^ade a)i(l Pcttiis' Brigade of Alaljainians. ()ii 'rinii's 
clay x".»rli day of October, l.SG-'!. Moore's r>rij^adt> took 
tlie cin's at l)('inopolis for C'liickainauga. Pettiis" 
1 5riga.de from same [ilact; luid left before; for ('iiieka- 
maiiga. Tbe Jbigade arrived at Selma, Alabama, 
tbe saiiK^ day in tbe evening, and femained in ctot- 
t(ni slnuls tbat nigbt near tbe arti^siun wcdl. It 
)-aim'd all nigbt. Next day, October .lolb, ISii;',. 
j'^riday, at 1 1 ;0o o'cdock a. m. tbe Ai>i\\ and l:.*nd Ala- 
bama look tbe b(mt R. lb Tam^y foi- ^fontgomery, 
Alabama, travided all tbat day and nigbt fcdiowing 
on tlie boat in a bard and cold rain, Oompany "B"'" 
being on tbe hurricane diMdc. .lust at da\ ligbt, Sat- 
urday morning, ( )ctober ;jlst, IsiLl^lIu: boat lamb*d 
at Montgomery, Alabanni.and lot b and |-jnd Alabama 
Kegimonts were; marclmd to h'air (J round. Alxnit. 
.>^ajin' tinuj .'Jltb Alabama iu'ginn'Ut canu' on boat, 
JelV Davis. Tbat day was taken u]) di-ying blankets 
and baggage ami getting and cooking ratacnis for 
tb.- trip. ('apt. Wiliett called on ,ludg(! Olitberall 
and lodged witb bim tbat nigbt at bis i-('si(b^nc(\ 
Mrs. (Mitlu'rall prepai"ed a nice liincb for bis baver- 
sacdv, ami before day next nmiaiing Judge (Jlitberall 
sent Cai)t. Willelt in bis buggy to tim camp of loth 
Alabanui near (b'j)ot. At '.' :0(i o'clocd^, Novembei- Ist., 
lsi;;i, tbe train was i-eady to rnn us t(» WAist 
J'oint. .\ll went on nu'rrily and tbe train 
ariived tbat evening at. dark- at WA-st Point. 
.\'oveml)er "^'nd, ," ;U0 a. m. left in train for Atlanta, 
(bM)rgia, ami arrived tbere tbat nigbt at dark. 
Novembei' ord, Isti;;, renuiimMl at Atlanta mvar City 
llall drawing ami cooking rations foi- tin; niiircb 
fai'tber on. Xovcnnber Itb, is*'.;;, left Atlanta, in 
tiain for (Jbicdcamauga, at i :(o o'clock and arrived 
(bcre befoi"e da}ligbt November r)lb. ISC.;;, it bring 
cold a.ml rainy. At 1 1 :0U o'clock a. m. took up the 
line of marcli frc>in the station to tbe fi'ont on Look- 



45 



out ^Mountain. Marclicd all day and part of \\\v 
iiiglit ill rain and niiid, thru hivotiaced in an old 
\\i'\{\ ill tlu' valley of ( 'liattanoopja that nii^^ht with- 
out wood or water and it rainintr all nij^ht. Xo\ tiii- 
hoi' iitli, I si;;;, arrived at camp at the hase of the 
.Mountain and i)rej)ared for- temporary camp. 
f><'inained tluM't^ Ttli, stli and Dtii of Noveinher 
doiuL^ pieki>t duty on (Jhattanoo<^a ('I'ecdv with 
\V'a.lk(;r"s Division. ()n loth Company " IV liad an 
idection for ::3nd .1 unior Lieutenant to till the vacancy 
ocicasionc'l hy resignation of laeut. 'I'erry. 1st 
Stu'gt. K. I). \'ance was el(^ctt?d. ()n same day the 
4(ith and -Ihid Alahama mar(die<l to w<'st side of 
Lookout Mountain and remained tlu're iu i-es<M-vt' 
loth. 1 1 t,h and l.'th of Novemher. Lac'h (J(»mpany 
left a detail at camp to cook and carry rations to 
ci)iiipany (»n niduntain distant three miles. Tht.' 
weathei- was very cold ami fidsty, hut we made 
large firths, slei»t ou the gi'ound and kei)t comforla- 
hle wiih (Uir hlankeis hivouacing on the mountain. 
Ahout this lime ;)^tii .\lahaina joined us. (ien. 
-Mo<ue ma.de his head(iuarters at tin.' (!raveii House. 
« )n Kriday, ]:!th .Xovemher, went on picdcet, whoU; 
Kegiment, on Lookout Creek at •.':()(! o"(dock j). m., 
and returned on llth at same tiim; hack to the 
r<'serv(!. Nothing of note occurrcul on picket. Tlu're 
was no tiring ainong pickets, tlu^ forces piidvcted on 
eatdi hai^k u\' Look(Uit (h-eek. llth Xovemhci- 
remained on the Mountain. Sunday, l-Mli Xovem- 
l»ei-, 4()th Alahama went (^n picket on Lookout Cic( k 
and (,'hattanooga, Creek. (Jaim^ off picket ^Mondav 
evening. Kith, 'i'uesday, iUh Novemher, ]S(;:;. fiftv 
men from P'th Alahama were detailed for j>i(dvet. 
\V'<'dnesday, ISih, one hundred and lifty men were 
detailed for picket and fatigue. 'Vht". 4ut}i, 4Vnd and 
;)7th Ahihama Kegiments movt^d camps to eui^^t of 
Craven House three hundred yards. 



40 



Thursday, November IDtli, isoi), Capt . Willett 
with seventy-five men was sent on picket/ th(' l^i-i- 
<^a(le })icket under command of Maj. Shiyton :!7th 
Alabama. The picket line of .AlOore's I'.ri^ade 
extended from Pea Vine Oreek cast of Loolvout- 
Mountain, thcnc(i down that creek to ( 'hatlam>o^a 
(!i-('ek, tlience down it, to ])oii>t whc^-o railroad 
l)rid^^(i of M. cV, (J. II. \l. crosses the creek, thence 
(h)\vn railroad to tiie point whei-(! it leaves the Ten- 
iiesset; Itivei', thtmce down Tennessee Kiver to nioiit li 
iif Lookout Creek, thence n\) that, creek to the tiirii- 
pik«i hridg'e (l)urnt acrrtss Lookout ( hcek ). Also on 
same day a heavy tietail was ordered to diu;- rille 
pits. Aflei- twt^nty-four houi's of picket duly ("apt. 
W'ilJett retui-ned to (tann), nothiuji;' of inteit-st hap- 
pi'uin;;-. Li'iday, November ".'Oth, was i-elicxed from 
picket at .■!:()! I o'chxdc p.m. ('apt. W'illel t and iaeiils. 
Latham and \\'i(M- (Micampe<l under a \>\'j; roek and 
made a tir(^ place of ro<d-;s and fenced around willi 
same and were vtM'y well protecte(| from wind and 
rain. Saturday, Novemht^r Vlst, Isc,;;, it rained all 
day ami part (d" the ni^lit befoi'e. The I'.ri^adi' had 
not a tent. ;ind fiieut. .las. A. Latham was pio- 
moted to 1st Lieut. ()omi)any •'!'>'' vice Lieut. ,1. T. 
T«M'ry resij^ned, to take rank fi'om ( )etol»ei- iJih, isii.i. 
Lieut. ,L II. \Vier was promoteil to '>\n\ Senior Lieu- 
tenant-. Sunda}', November ".'■Jnd, I Sil.l, ( 'apt.. W'lllelt 
was by ordei- (d' (xen. Hi'ajj;'^- detaileil a neinher of a 
( Jeneral Courtmai'tial for Cheatham's l)i\i>ion. liar 
dee's ('oips A. T. Th<! Court was as follows: 
]sf: .Maj. J, ('. (J(n'don. 1st ( '(»ufedei-al(' (IcorM-i;) 

Regiment. 
;.'nd: ('apt. .1. (,'. Kendrick. .!,' th .Mahama lo^^imi-nt. 
;;i-d: (Japt. E. 1). Willett, toth Alabama lu'uimenl. 
4th: (.'apt. S. S. (iiallaiil, t'.'nd .Alabama Le*.;imeiil. 
5th: CJapt. 11. J. P»owen. IMth .Mississippi Kei^'-i nient. 
6th: Capt. il. i>. Grilliu, ;i9th iMississippi liegiment. 



47 



:tli: C'apt. C. M. Pe|)])er, 2rtli Mississippi lve<rini(Mit.. 
8tli: ('apt. I'. W. WilliatusoM, :^'.iLli Mississippi Ut';^- 
i incut , .1 . A. 

Tlid llir(u' last ikuiumI were relii^ved and (it-ii. 
llardct^ made a fuitiier detail, towit: 

(';ipl. ('. li. Tlioiiipson, Itith 'I'eniiessee Kcj^imciiL. 
\y . B. i'etty. Sth Tennessee Kt-ginient. 
,1. C'obbs, 'loih Alabama lieginient, J. A. 

'I'lir Court Wiis oi'dered to convene on the ::i';rd 
(d" Ndvriiibcr, iSi")."), within tin; lines of Choatlia ni's 
division. MoiidaN', November :;'."ird, ISti;}, the iistial 
jind^ft and fati;;u<' took ])1ac(;. On tlu- i-i^^lit of .Mis- 
siduaiN' liid^c a, heavy skirmish took place. The 
eiieiiiv were i-e]uilsed with eonsiderahh; loss. ()iir 
loss was not so heav\\ This day Lieut. W'ier-, ('oiu- 
pan\' ■■!)" was detailed foi" picket. 

'I'liisda ij, Sofoiihcr '-liUi , isn;i, this is a day Inn;^ 
to bf remembered, it was 1'oj.^gy and lainy and the 
w li(de of Lookout Mountain was envcdop<'(l in dense 
j"(i^ an«l mist. A battle was ex[)ected, but the 
oppo^in;.:; armies could not se(i the movennuits of 
tlicothtr. h'arl}' the (!ourt Martial was adjourned 
and oidered b}' Cien. ,Ja(dvSou commandiu}^ ('heat- 
ham's l)i\'isi()n to their commands at lt;0(i a. m. I 
found Moore's Ihiiji^ade in line of battle. The only 
other Ihi^ath; on the Mountain was Walthall's Uri- 
^■•ade. The liMMudies imd been made so that Wal- 
thall's Hri^aile occupied the line from the peak of 
Lookout Mountain to tht^ Craven House and .Mooic'.-^ 
itrij^ade from his ri»^^ht to C'hattanoo^a Creek. 
.\b(»nt N:()() o'cloidv' a. m. tin; enemy drove in Wal- 
thall's pi(dvets and from the left commeucc<I ]][,■ 
as;^ault. Walthall went l)(!yond his woidcs to i-ecci\c 
the enemy and fought back and up t he ]\loun lai n . 
They passed his h-fl Hank in ^reat fcu'ce an<l ca[) 
lure<l two thirds (d' his L.rii^ade. Mis I loojis wert^ 



48 



whipped and in ^thmI coiifusioii Ijid'ore lu*. jrot back 
to tiu! phute iixrd to liylit. Tliey could not he rallied 
III the Cfuveii House, (lew. Mooi'e liad his J>i-ij^ail(^ 
ill })ositi()u to tlu! )ijj;liL of the L'laven ]i(Uist.' and 
rejiulsed th(i foe liandsoiuely in front, hut there 
hein^ no support tc» Wallhall's J5ii;;a(le tlu) enemy 
in })ursuinj.( them passed the hdl Ihiuk of ^loures 
l>i"iij^ad(i and w«Me soon inhladin^i^ our dittdi. 'The 
Ui'igade fell hack a short distance, then a char;^*; 
was ordered and the cMKuny driven be}'ond our 
trenclu's. It was soon jierceived tiuit tlie enemy 
drivins^ WalthalTs IJiijj^ade weie j)assiny; our ](d't 
Hank. (len. .Mooi-e then ordered his iJi'igade to fall 
hack on next I'idgt' some thi-ee liundi'ed yai'ds and 
wait reinforcenuuits on the line o\' WaltlialTs JJri- 
,i;ade. (ien. I'ettus (uuiu' U}* and formed on the linii 
of .Moore's Urii^adi; ami the tij^ht continued until 
11:0(1 o'clock at nij^ht. In the nuumtime i'ettus' 
Uri^^adt; was i-(dievt;(i by (Jlaytou's Hriyade. The 
ui^ht was extremely cold, and Moort/s Hrij^ade huilt 
a, rock fence exp(!ctin^ an assault early lU'Xl morn- 
iny^. when at r^:<)() o'clock nij.fht the whole foi'ce 
o\i Lookout ^lountain was oi"<lei"ed to quietly witli- 
(ll■a\\^ comm(!ncin^ on tiie Itd't. Moore's l)ri;^ade. 
was last leavin«4- the Mountain. The picket foi"ce of 
IMoore's iJrii^ade on I^ookout (Jreek under Maj. .Sla\ - 
ton of ;!ith Alahanui were uearly all cajjlured. Of 
('ompivny"K" ioth Alahanui Ke^^iment the follow- 
inj.^ were cai)Lure(i on picket, towit: "^'ml Sr. Lieut. 
,las. II. \Vi('r, (;oi|)orals A. W . Lar^^enl and Jno. A. 
ltuss(dl. Privates J no. .1 . Strickland, Jas. H. Keildish, 
Thos. Iv. lieym)lds, Sam'l K.ddnson, \Vm. L. Philips 
and W'm. 1). Smith. AK>ore"s Piigade with the otlu'r 
forces on the .Mountain nuirclied all nij^ht and until 
next mornin;j;' at sunrise, wlieii it was halted to ie>t 
one hour. Then we took the line of nuii'cdi for Mis- 
sionarv Rid^e and went to the ri^^lit of the arjiiy. 



49 



ITardcM^s (torps was on tlie rij^lit in {\\v. followiii;^ 
order: ( 'K.'l)iirn(;'s Division lii-,st.,Slt'i)li(,'iis()ii"s Division 
S('(-t)n(l, Walker's Division third and ( 'iirat liani^ 
Division (of \vlii(di ^loorc's IJri^adi- juado a jiait) 
tli«i fourth, llindnuin's, IStewart"s, Hrtudv'iniidjj;c's 
and lUu'kner's Divisit)ns were on tht' loft and left 
center. Ahout I I ;()() o"ck)ck a. m. ^vt• to(dv' onr jtosi- 
tions, and aftei'\vui"ds the l)att]e of .Missionar} 
Uid^e- eonnneneed on the rij^ht. This was Noveni- 
hcr "-.'■)lh, ISO:;. As a, reserve we were jnoved 
t'artlier to the I'i^iit alioiit noon. ()iir arms were 
suceessfnl on th(; rij^liL and we wair niovetl hacd-c 
to onr first position to await th<' assault of the 
enemy who were ecnnin;^' in j^reat lOree. {)[[r artill- 
ery ponred so deadly a fire that tin; (Uiemy inovrd to 
tht! left still farther ahont a, mile, and on ihf hft 
and hd"t center madt! an assanlt. ()ur Irft without 
mnidi ii;j;litin*^ l^roke and tiie tMiemy gained the 
rid;^*', and then towards the ri^ht eommcnecd an 
intiladiiiK lii"'" ^""' '^ 'ire in front. The line w;t,-, 
hrokeii to .Moore's ]'>rij.ra(h'. (Jen. .Moor<; with Huh 
A lahaina ehan^'ed front to rear, and wiih l^'ml and 
oith Akihama Ke,u;iments faeeil to the fi-ont awailcd 
the assault, 1/iit his nrij^iule ludd theii- ground uniil 
nearly dark when a retreat was ordered <d iho 
whole ri^ht across (Jhickaman;;a ('reek. .Moore's 
I5ri<;ade held their [losition until all the arlille]-\- on 
the righ^ j^ot oil" safely. -^The wliojo ri;^ht icticatcd 
in order; the left in ^reat disorder. Iosin<;- most (d' ils 
artillery. The etieni}' were In-avily r* piilsod (ui the 
n^-ht. We capturod seven lla;.^s a n<l foil r hu nd red 
})|-isoners. Tin; loss to our army on ;!Jth and v'.")lh of 
Novemljer was t hrce thousand j>risoners. '{'he loili 
Akihama liad six killeil and forty woumlcd. ('ajils. 
(3olenuin and Crimson were sovercdy wounded. ,j . 
A. 'I'urnipseed and (Ma} ton, ('omiiany "(i" of i'lck- 
<'ns (.'ounty were killed, J. M. iJush and A. A. r.\ars 



50 



C'om|i;iiiy "ir' were sli^Hillv won iidcd . ( )n tiio 
liii^lit, (iC •.'.'(ill (if XovciiiImt lilt' wiidlc ariiiN'. \\;i-<ins, 
;i rl illfP}' ;iii(l liicii, except those cjiiituied jilid Lilled, 
crossed ( dii(d<uni;nii^a Creek. ( 'leltii rue's Division 
was made tlie rear <4iiard(d' the aiin\'. 'I'lie ariii\' 
nia,r(died until l-l-jn) o"(do( l< ih;tl iii-ht ami hivon- 
a-ced foi- two jiours, and continued the reti-eal, 
towaiMJs l)alton. (ieori^ia. 'Die ('(n|/s of (ien. Lon;^-- 
slreet the ist(d' No\emher wit h lln(dvm'i-\s |)i\isnni 
had Iteen sent to KuoxviMe. ']\n ness<'e, to altacdc 
Unruside. That mo\e vei-y mntdi Aveak'ened the 
army of (Jen. Hra^.L;-. and then lii> line on M issionarv 
lvid<^"<! was seven miles loriL;-. and he had m> resei'ves 
aTttn" making" the necessar\ ili.'^|)ositi()ns of the 
troo))s h(i then ha<l. liut the let't^ hroke without 
makiiif^ the ti^ht tiny could have made. 'l"he\- wei'e 
hy some means panic slriidvcn at the y;feat f(n-c.e 
assanltin^ theni. it was unfort iinat (i tlnit thev 
could see all the movements of tin; enemy in the 
valley Ixdow. Anyhcnv tin' li^htinj^- was not severe 
enollj.;h for the j'osjtion the Confederates Indd. 
Novemhei' :.'(ith. jsc,;;, th(^ retreat (d' the army con- 
tinued, and reached at ni^ht a place to hivouac one 
mihi south of Kin^-^^cdd, (ieor^ia. lleie the army 
slept for tlie nit^ht, it hein^- the lii-st sleep av i-est the 
Itith Alahama had heen ahle to take since the >!;Jr(l 
of .\'oV(Mnl)er. The troops were nnndi \vearied for 
want of i"est. The wa^on trains kept up, Imt on 
account of the hadm-ss ol" the roaijs iwxd the .scurc lo 
the ( Hia.rtermaslers man \' articles of l)a,i;'^aji^e wer(! 
thi'own away on the retri'at. No\t-nil)er "■.'ith, Isc,:;, 
the army continued its march to l)alton and arrixcd 
t here a lion t sunset . ( )n this da \ a sescrc hat t le was 
fou<^ht hetween (ien. ( 'lei i n i le 's lii\i.-i(ni, the i^ear 
5j;aiard of oui' army, ami the pinrniin;; enemy near 
liini;-old. (ien. (Mehurne re|iulhed lln' ene)n\ with 
hea\'\' loss, taking four hundicd prismn'rs and lour 



51 



stands of coloi-s. After this rcpiilso tli«' cikmiiv 
iiiaili' no rm-tlior pursuit but fell hack !(» Mi-.^ioiuiry 
Kidgt! ami I'hatl aiioo^-a. The ( 'oiif'-lcTal-' Army 
(iucauipcd arouuil l)allon on the M'-.:hl of ■.',"lh of 
Novciiihci-, C'iuMt ham's ])i\isiou on \\\v Ih/snoa road, 
without tents, axes and rations. ?,!(;J was issued 
ami also heef. 'riio hread was ('oo|.i,'d in the a.^hes 
or (Ml hoaids and the heet roasted I y hiis. Tiu' 
weathei- was \yry eold and havin;^ iK.) ax^sand a- 
eold rain lallint;' made it ver} se\'(.'re. 'i'li- s.ddiei's 
had the cold Wel t';roUnd to sleep on and ::!ept hut 
lltth'. It was too ctild to sletp Undr r lUie hi;; nk<.'t . 
The contusion eonse(|Ucnl U})on il.i' i\-tr^:ii [lassed 
and Mi'dt'r was restored, and the whoh- arn.\ ^ett!ed 
down (piietl}' ai'tiund I )alt»>n at phu't s e<^nv.nient to 
Wood a nd walm-. 

XdVcniher -.'sth, "iDth and '■Un\i il.e arh.\- hivou- 
aeed aruund haliiui; the trains all arrived ;it the 
M".ei-al Jhi^adi- - a nd ra lions cm' hee i .uid i;M,,l WiH; 
issu^'d. (Ai.pt. Willeltaanl LiiMii. h 1 1 IiaUi' -. i ..i ;4;;;"ai^'e 
came sal't'ly jniioi- t hoi r a.xe ;in>l M'i.i, >'vj,:.I; i 'i -',' nU^i- 
sils, touts, etc. i »:i liic ni;j,lil </|' I ii . :h ^A' Xi<\(,'ni- 
hor K. J. h,. d. T. !■:., .1. .1. i;. ;.od J. {]., pnsates 
('onipany ""i!"" I'Uii Alahama Ih ;■ n.ei.L, ..'c.sr //cr/ 
i'lom cam|) of loiji Alahama liei-iui' at. 

Deceuiher Isi. 1 S(;:i Capl. Wilidt sr,.; a l(de'- 
;j,a'aphir <l i-jial o!i lo his wife -Mrs. ('. .'.1. W ;!ieL with 
tlie i-(S1vIl (»!' liii' hatlh'S (>( LomLiMiI .MuU^.l.iiu and 
,M issionai'N' Uid.',c and the ca^ual[i^./■ ii. (Jompany 
"li ". It was --cnt to t'ojumltus .M i.>.si.j.^-i ppi . No 
mai l.> hi'in;.;- a.i \ I I ('pen In I t;i li oil. he .-.ent a iolti r 
to lier lo lie mai h'd at At hint a iiy < 'o|. H i^^K _\ "s J osh. 
Also sent her a h'ttor ot' date Xowuihi.:- .'Mi !)>' 
sonic Olio to he mailed at .\tlaiila. DeccJiirier ".'lid 
and ;;i(l remained at the .•^ame l)i\oiiae on iho i id;^"e. 
<'ii iho -'u'd tho ( oMieral ('(lUiiiiiariial for ('hcal- 
haiu".s J >i vision, oi' \vhi(di ('apt. W ilht 1- \va s a mem- 



52 



her, reorganized at Mr, Keys, near the tank soiitli 
of Dalton on railroad. December Itli, olli, tith anil 
7th the -iOtli Alabama witii the Divit^ion icmained 
at the same place g(itting wood and nui Icing them- 
selves as comfortable as possible. L)n the Gth of 
December Sergeant (Jilkey gtjt a furloiigii for forty 
days by reason of having furnished a recruit under 
(ieneral Order 187. His leave exjjires on the 1 Ith 
day of January, 18Gt. Tuesday, December 8lh, 1803, 
the -totli Alabama with Cheatham's Division moved 
camp two miles east of the railroad and three miles 
soutli of Dalton in a large forest and had cam])s 
regular laid oif for brigades, regiments and comi>a- 
nies, and all commenced building Witilei- (juarlers, 
to wit: cabins or huts. l>ut axes being scarce, the 
work progressed slowly. I\Ioore's Ihigade since it 
left Demopolis, Alabama, was armed with old mus- 
kets. They were taken in and new Austrian rifles 
issued to the whole Bi'igade, so that now the Bri- 
gade is well armed again. \Vm. llarham and J ere 
Davis returned from hos})ital. The Uourtmaitial 
was moved to Antioch Church within the lines of 
the Division. Thursday, December tuh, ]8():), ]{. A. 
Jones and J. W, 1 barton returned to camjjs from 
home where they had been sick. December lOth, 
llth, I'^th, J;)th, 14th and 15th nothing unusual took 
place. The Company "B" continued building Win- 
ter (juarters. Serg(;ant llilreth ol)taiiied on loth a 
furlough f6r forty days l)y reason of iuiving fur- 
nished a recruit. His leave will expire on tlui X! Jth 
day of January, lS(i4. December Kith, ITth, LSth 
and I'Jth the weather very cold. Tiiti building of 
cabins goes on. l^rivate If. Easterling obtained 
a furlough on ItJth for forty days by reason of 
having furnished a recruit. His leav(! exi)ires 0)1 
27th day of January, 18i;4. K. ¥. Hunnicutt was 
furloughed from Newnan Hos})ital for thirty days 
from l5ecember.;)rd, 181;;!, to go home. 



53 



December :20tli, 21st, ^Jind, "i'ovd, 24tli and 2otli 
the weather extremely cohl. Company "]>'\linished 
their cabins and took the premium, to wit: one gal- 
lon of brandy for the best set of cabins in the Itey^i- 
ment. The Commissary also issued oiie gallon of 
whisky to the Company for Christmas "dram". 
Christmas was a day of little pleasure to the Army 
of Tennessee in North Georgia. Nothing to buy, 
rations— beef and meal, and extremely cold weather; 
we had nothing of what usually makes Christmas 
pleasant. Away from home, family and friends 
and good cheer — it had the name, that was all, to 
the soldiery. This is the second Christmas we have 
spent away from loved ones and sweet iiome. 

December 2Gth, 2:tii, 2Sth, 2;)th, :;()lh and Mist 
nothing doing in the way of army movements. The 
weather still continues to get colder and the earth 
to freeze deeper. Company "IV in their cabins 
much protected from the cold. Rations very short, 
beef and meal, poor beef and not enough bread. No 
drilling. But little doing besides getting wood and 
trying to keep warm. Capt. Willett still continues 
on the General Courtmartial. 

Jan'Uakv 1st. 1S04. 

Gen. Jos. E. Johnston vice Gen. Bragg took 
command of the Army of Tennessee. By (ient?ral 
Order 227 a system of furloughs is aelo}»ted, to wit: 
one enlisted nuiii for ever\- thirty men and a leave 
of absence for one oilicer where there are three in 
the Company for duty. ITndt-r this order Company 
"B" was entitled to two furloughs and a leave of 
absence for one officer. Lots were cast by the men 
to decide wjio should go, and W". L. Lipsex and Bow- 
man Elmore were tin- lu<-ky ones. They left for 
home on this day. Their leave will expire on the, 
20th of January, lS(i4. ih^n two others will go home. 
Julius Shirley rQturn«*d this day from hosjiilal, 



54 



('.ii/l. Willott sent letter to his wife by Lip-* \ . Tlu; 
il . is iiiteiisuly cold. On the ^Mst (,»r I ) ■cfmhcr, 
I'".;. (y()nij)any "IV was mustered i\>\- -i\ months 
\><v iiy (!()!. (Jreen of oith Ahxbama. The pay oi' 
;l!v>-!e '.viu) did not report at Deinopolis. A 'ah;im;i. on 
i!i>- ■'.ird of August, 18Gu, was dediiclcd u.Mlil Ihcy 
.! i.l report. 

.January ;ind, 18G-1, continueil eolth ?,'.) army 
(;i/\ enuaits. Army doing Ijut little except getting 
■..ood. (lourtmartial continues. Tiie four (h^^ertt-l•s 
oT ( 'omjiany '"B," towit: L., E., E. and E., wire caj)- 
[tifed in Cherokee County, Ala., an<l hioii-ht l>ack. 
i'harges and speciiications wei'c prefeiicd, ;ind they 
^^>|•e, tried by the Corps Court and .senit need, the 
.tiiee l<].'s to be marked with lettei" 1) on leli lii[) and 
\. I ar barrel shirt. L. to have his head h.-il >li;i\ed, 
• ear bari'el shirt ten days and marched ilii(iiii;h the 
: tirade with music and a guai'd at cliiri;:!- hiiyoiiet. 
. .' much foi' deserting the servicel J aimaiy -a d, iMil, 
. ' I V cold. January -Jth, 5th, Gth, 7ih, '^lii. '.'th and 
lOlh, JS51, still in cabins and extremely cMd. Inir- 
i ig these days the Company was paid foi . ia juontles 
t" Ihicember Dlst, 18(j;], commutatiuii J -r cKtlhing 
J! 'l |i;;id. 

January IJth, 18i)l, Lieut. Latham ohljined a 
I'.ive of absence for thirty days to visit his liome. 
:lis leave will expii'e on the '.»tii day e'l" l''ebruai'y 



i). S. Lavcndar re'turned to camps liom hojne 
wlu re he had been sick. January I'.'lh, i;;ili, 14lh 
.iiid l,*th, cold weathei' still continues. No aiany 
)\iovements. Comjjany "IV and loth -\l;ib;ima still 
'.'.. '.'.inter ([uartei's. 

January IGth, Kth and IbUi, no ;irni\ move- 

neiiis. 'ITie cold weatiier still c<.)nlinue ;, l.ia not so 

• \ere; on i7th and JSth rain succeeded l>\ simw. 

liio e;irth \evy muddy. Col. T. (). SIod,' |i;i\(^ on 



55 



nielli ol' isth for home on twenty da}s l<';ivc (.1 
ahsciicc. ('.-.'pt. VVillott sent by him hUtcf h) In.- 
wil'c. ^■J^. WAinovc yiek with measles, sent on U-.:. 
to liosiulai. 

January IDLh, ISO!, Tues(hiy, cohl weatlier. 
Snow j'l'il in cousiderabh; qnantititjs. Wm. Wool > . 
(-onipaa) '•!'.■' sent olV siek to lu^ijpital. John '1 . 
!<'., ( 'oni[»:; I) y "]>"' died today. His sickness v.;.. 
mcasN s. lit' was ninlor sentonc(! of court marli.i 
for doscii iou to be lirainled by markinj^ on It.d't, hi;- 
Willi l<'U<r ••]).'" He died before the sentence \va , 
exccuhii. 1 1(5 resided in JMckens County, Alabainci, 
anti loll a, wiic aaid one cliild. An unfortunato iiuu.l 
Jaiiuar.v -.''Mii, isoi. no army movements. The e< ! 1 
weatlier a hales; now we have heavy frosts a. 
sunshine. January '-.'Ist, AV. 1^. Lipsev r.lurm., 
frotn lionn'— came to time. Bowman l*V.iiu.i-e, ih 
other jnaii fnrloughed nnder Order 2-17, did n u 
retinal, b<j that furlou^hing has ceased in C'oniiia.- 
-'W until lie returns. Cold frosty weather C(niliiju. ^, 
with snns'u ine. 



l)Ks('i;iPi i\ ic List of Company B, 40tii 
Uj-x.imknt, January 1st, I8(;i. 

Nami; Rank. 

Albert ]). ,Willett Captain 

■ .las. A. Latham 1st Lieutenant 

• J as. II. Wier ;ind Lieutenant 

Lli D. \'ance 3nd Lieutenant 

'rand\ II. Thomas 1st Ser<^eant 

J no. W. Sanders 2nd Sergeant 

\V. .M . <lilkey ord Ser*;eant 

S. Ilihlreth 4th Serjroant 

J . 11. lOalon 5th Sergeant 

A. W. Lai-gent 1st Corporal 

J. A. Kussell x;nd Corporal 



A I. A I '.A a 



o(J 



Jos. Lancaster 3rd Corporal 

J. A. Pratt 4tli Corporal 

Allen, J. M Private 

Acker, B. C Private 

xVcker, C W Private 

luirnham, W Private 

Black, S. D Private 

iilack, B. T Private 

Bush, J. E Private 

Bush, J. M Private 

Bush, J. A Pri vat(; 

Byars, J, A Private 

lirandon, J . R Private 

('ook, J . P Private 

Collins, Joiinathan Private 

Cameron, J, ]) Private 

Cole, L. T Private 

Cameron, Tiios i*rivate 

Cvhannell, 'W A Private 

Curry, J. H Private 

Davis, Jere Private 

Easterling, H Private 

Keds, J. A Private 

Klmore, C. S Private 

Elmore, A Private 

Elmore, W. R Private 

l^^more, .J as Pi-ivate 

Elmore, M . T Private 

Elmore, J. J Private 

Elmore, Bowman Private 

Elmore, Jacob Private 

Freeman, M. W Private 

Freeman, ]. A Private 

Freeman, M. M Private 

French, J. M Private 

(ioodwin, Jno Private: 

(Jraham, G. M Private 



57 



Hicks, D. N Private 

Hicks, J. R Private 

Hicks, J. F Private 

Howell, A. T Private 

Hall, J. N Private 

Hall, J. C Private 

Horton, J. W Private 

Huimicutt, R. F Private 

Irwin, (}. W Private 

Jones, T. W Private 

Jones, W. J Private 

Jones, R. A Private 

Jones, W. H Private 

Jennings, J.J Private 

Johnson, J. W Private 

King, S. (J Private 

Kerr, J. D Private 

Lancaster, E.J Private 

Lee, T. H Private 

Ledbetter, R. P> Private 

Lavender, 1). !S Private 

Lipsey, W. L Private 

Mc Ateer, W. P> Private 

McAteer, F. J l^ri vate 

Parker, J. F Private 

Pearson, Sani'l l*rivate 

Phillips, W.L Private 

Pveddish, J. H Private 

Russell, A. C I'rivate 

Reynolds, T. K Private 

Pobinson, J . (J Pi'ivate 

Uobinson, Sanil Private 

Strickland, W. (1 Private 

Strickland, J. J Private 

ShalTer, W. K Private 

Smith, W. 1) Private 

Shirley, Julius. . Privatti 

Shepherd, H Private 



o8 



'rh(>iii])S()ii, M . L . . . 

Tavlui-, W. S 

\anc(s W. \' . . . . 

Williams, \\ ] 

Williams, T. II .. . 

West, J. 11 

WOoil, W' m 

^\^)^)(l, Joshua 

( 'aliK'i'OU, -Moses A 
Jon:,, Abi-am J) . . 
Jotics, Aiiili(-us A 
:\!ilclioll, (Je... W' , 
1 ami'Te, l.'Miris. W . 
Juiios. .Marrr! i us S 

i;iii';j:iss, i:(-i)i, 

J;loel:er, A. i; . . . . 
iiicL rnan, I'cioi-. . . . 
Cluward, A. W 



'livato 
*i-ivate 
'rivatc 

'i'i\alo 
'ri vale 
Ml vale 
^ri vale 
•"I'ivciLc 
Mi vale 
'i i\ att^ 
'rivale 
'fi \;i le 
'ri va h' 
'ri \ a t e 
'|-i\-al(^ 
*ri vaLe 
'ri\ ale 



lii Lho ori;,';:nal (liar\' there ai>|)eai-s afl.T t 
uaiiif :; [ivi'SO'ii-.i (h-se I'i |)1 ieii of each mail ;^'i\'illL( 
a,,i.(e, .-..l^.l- oi i.Vcs, eulor of hair, eoiti j>le\ loii, s 

W'llfM- l;wri,. or'Upat ion llcfore eill l^l llH'lll, \v I 

wheie. Ly V, !:-mi and for wlial jM'riod eiilisled. 



Mch 
: his 
<i/.e, 
leil. 



Di;s(i;i 111 vi: Lisi oi' C^)Ml•.\^■^ l;, lOTii Ai.ak 
lii;oi.\:i.'..\ 1 W'ifo ll.wK nii'ii) IN iiii': tSKU\ ici'; 



\ M \ 



.\ 



i A N K 



i;elk, (1. V; (^)r|)oral 

( 'allf V, W' . 1' Ser<4-eaiit 

('ar\er, Wesley H 

( '.ii.ieroii . J :is. I > 

( 'ollins, Joseph 

1 ':i uiol, 'LMios. r 

l''o w |i. r. J iio. 1'' 

( ;iii). ■ L iieiir\ T. r. , 

JlolliiiLC.-Worlh, A. J 



'rivate 
'iivat(^ 
*i-i\ ate 
hi vate 
h-i \'ate 
'i i \ a 1 e 
h'i vate 



59 



Jeiininj^s, A. 1) Private 

Kerr, Jno. L I'ri viitc 

Mull ins, 15, F Private 

iMcManus, .1. K Private 

Pi-att, Jno. L Private 

l^ratt, Jno. (' Pri\aie 

Petete, J. '1^ ]*rivate 

Russell, C!. \V Privat.i 

Iveynolds, ,) . S Private 

Ko bin so 11, ] I. J Pri\ ale 

Savaj^^e, A. \V Prisatc 

Williams, Tlios Private 

Weenis. ,1. U Pri\ate 

Verby, ,1 . I'j l'ri\ ate 

lOlniore, Jno. T I'livaie 

llunniciUt, \l. W Piivate 

Pearson, Sam' 1 Private 

Par ham. Win I'l i vali' 

Irwin, (oMt. W I 'ri\ ate 

lOlinore, ('. S Pri\ ate 

bialon, Jacob 11 . ."itli Sci ;4-eaiiL 

Vance, Wni. \' Privatt^ 

A'ance, Eli 1) v'nd Pieuieiiant 

Phillips, Wm. Tj Privati! 

lOlmore, Jaeob Private 

Jloi'ton, J. \V Pri\aLe 

Morrow, J). W . Private 

Davis, Jei-e Private 

]>ush, A.J Private 

L.^ek, M. T Private 

Patham, ,Jas. A (-aptain 

Elmore, Bowman Piivate 

Sh.irley, Julius Piivat<' 

Preeman, AP M Pii\ate 

in the ori^^inal diai'y tie re ajtpears after e; 
na nie a personal (leserii)t-i()n ol' lacli man who il 
in the service, givinj^' his aye, color nt eyes, color 



icli 

ir,| 



60 



hair, complexion, size, where born, occupation 
before enlistment, when, wheie, by whom and for 
what period enlisted, and wluni, wlitif and from 
what cause he died. 

Frida}', January -^Jind, isGl, no army move- 
ments. Frosty nights and sunny days. ( !apt. Wil- 
lett still on the General Oourtnuii-tiai. .lanuary -^'".rd 
and ::3-ith no movements. Weather (siinny wiih cold 
nights. Sergt. S. Hildreth returned iiom liome and 
brought a general supply of provisions for llie com- 
pany. January '2bth, 2Gth and •^!Tth no ino', > nicnis of 
note. January 2Sth jMooi-e's Brigade u;is oidered 
five miles south of camp on railroad al>ovi- Tillon to 
work the road. Remained there eleven thiys. Jan- 
uary "^Sth, :i!ith, oOtli, ;>lst, February Jst, ind, ;;rd, 
4th, 5th, <ith and 7th. F. 1). AViliett is in c<immand 
of 40th Alabama. Cols. Stone and MaJ. (iiilly on 
leave of absence and Col. lligley in command oi 
Brigade. Febi-uary rth, isoi, the Brijj^ade came 
back to their old camjts. February SiW and nth 
nothing trans])ired of. note. All this juonlli the 
weatlier fine. On the 9th Lieut Latham i( turned 
from home on leave and brought considcrahio pro- 
visions for the officers mess and the conipan) . I^'ehru- 
ary 10th and llth nothing of interest api)eared. Ftd)- 
ruary Lith, lS<i4, Capt. Willett got leave ol absence 
for thirty days and started home with J. II. Curi-y 
for twenty days. On same day Moore's brigade 
was ordered to join IStewart's Division Hoods Corps 
in place of StrahTs Brigade transfeiiiMl to Cheat- 
ham's Division Hardee's Coi-ps. The two I'.rigades 
changed camps or cabins the siime dny. The 
exchange was made to get the 'I • iiiii- oi-uis to 
their old division commander. Stewart "s i)i\ ision 
was then, or now composed of Clayton's, (iihson's, 
Stovall's and Moore's im)w Baker's) lln-ades, (ien. 
Moore about this time having resigned. L'>y the 



Gl 



exchange the 40th Alabama and whoU' Hri^adc diil 
not get near so good cabins as the}- had IndOri;. 
Alpheus Baker, Jr., of AUibama, is now ilii^^adici- 
General of Moore's old Brigade. ()ui- llrigadc con- 
tinued in their winter (juai-ttMs from i^'fUiiiaiv r.Mb, 
1KC4, to l^\d)ruary ".'^rd, liSiU, wluui the (Mk^mv ina(h> 
an attack on onr lines near IJocdc}' Kacc Moun- 
tain Gap where the raih-oad hnids through tlic 
Kidge, and at Crows' Gap. The cngagt-nniit was 
not a general one. The fighting and skirmishing 
continued for three days, '-^;5i'(l, '■>\i\\ Vi\\(\ •.*.Mh oi' 
February. The heaviest fighting was dont; by 
Stewart's Division. Also Bates' aud Sie]»henson's 
were engaged. The enemy made the assaults 
and were handsomely repulsed and (lii\-eu liack to 
ii-inggold. Their loss in killed and wounded was 
not shoi't of 1,000 and loo j)risoncrs. ()ur loss was 
about 50 killed ami 200 wouiuled. ()iii army then 
went into Winter ((uarters again, and picketing, 
drilling; fatigue and fortifying generally was the 
duty perfornu'd by our Division. During the l»ahnu-(; 
of March and Fel)ruary, and to this date. Apiil Ith. 
IS*i4, fui'loughing the Army of Tenuesst- on ic-eulist- 
ing one to every ten men continued, until the oth of 
April, lSti4, when that order 14 was revok*^! ami 
General Order '■i't7 continued which giN es a furlough 
to every twenty-five men ])reseut for duty. Lieut. 
K. D. Vayce received a leavt; of absence for twenty- 
five <lays and left for honn^ on the -iot h of iMarcli. 
18(;4, To this date, April 7th. 18ill, some twenty-oni! 
have been furloughed since the 1st of December. 
1863. The health and spirits of Company •' I;" and the 
Army of Tennessee is good. \'ery little .>~i(dcness 
and the rations better and the watei- good. Then- 
are seventy-one men and ofhcers in ('om|iany -'IT' 
present for duty except one ])resent sielc, hut not 
dangerous. The i^ieut. J. II. AVi(M- aiul eight men 



captured at Lookout Mountain ai'e still i)ri.soueis. 
At hoiuo aro tlu; followitiu- of ('()ini)any "\'>": Tlios. 
(Jaincroii, (i. \V. Acker, \\\ .) . Jones wounded at 
\'icksi)Uro-. Also J. M. Allen disal.led hy a fall. 
Also Wni. Wood ami Tx-iij. T. Ifki<d-v on sick fui'- 
lou^li. \V. II. Jones is al home for foiJ\' days on a 
recruit, llowidl, ilall, W. It. l';lnioi-e, J. 1<\ Hicks 
and JOlniore are now on furloui;li for twt.^iiiy days 
undei- re-enlistment fc»rtlie war. 1). X. llicdvs was 
apjiointod (Jh'iJv of llie ('irciiil ('oui't of Pickens 
('ounty, Alabama, and his ])a])eis forwarded to 
llichniond for dischar^M-. This wasahoiitihe l-Mli 
of .March when he was ajipointed. A|)i-il ith, hSiU, a 
hij^ sham battle Vvith Ilai'dee's ('oips toidc place 
toda.}', Thursda}'. lu'iday, -\[>ril 8th, istil, a, j^enei'al 
I'c^st day f(H- the army. IJy proclamation a da}' of 
fasting;- and prayer; and a cold I'ainy and windy da}-. 
iN^> army movements near Dalton, (iooi-i^ia,, belwecji 
arm}' <d" Tennessee and federal army. Saturda}'. 
April 'Jlh, iSr,!, 1. A. Ki-eenum, J. A. I'ratt and W. 
1\. Shaver left on furlough, lii'sl, for forty days on 
recruit, ami two last on (n'der :J".'? for twenty days. 
.^oo men i'unn Uakcr's liri^ade ilftaile<l to work on 
batteries and lU'doubts toda}'. Sunday, Ajn-il 10th, 
lSi;-l, bri(j^ad(^ inspection and re\ iew !>}■ MaJ, (Jen. A. 
P. Stewart. A cloudy ami C(dil day. Monday, April 
11th, Ism, l'>i'i^-a(b:! drill by (Jen. Paker a. m. and p. 
ju., company drill a.ml dress parade. Tlie jncket 
details fi'om llri^^ade continue the Pith I iirnishin*^' 
the d(;tail every thii-d day. This is a beatitifnl and 
s()ringlike day. The total ])resent of Company "W" 
is <)'.» enlisted men ami 'Z otlicers, and oiil}' one (Ui tin- 
sicdc list. Tlu! water and I'atious t;'ooil ami still in 
oni- \\'int«-r (|iKnlers. April I'Th, i:;th. Nth, I.Mh, 
Kith, Jith. ISth. l!)th, •-i(ilh,;ilst,;J-.'nd. '.^ird, '.Mth, -.'ath. 
'.Mith, --Tth: \\sth, --."Jth and :;i)th still m Winter (pmr- 
ters. liealth g'(»o(l. Drilling anil j-L\iuws daily. All 



63 



things gcttiii}^ I'cady for the cc)niiii}:^ canipaixii. 
Col. Stone takes sick with ])nciiiuoiiia. b'ur- 
lou;^liiiitr ceases. May 1st, :.'iul, :ir<l and Uli enemy 
threatening' and hostilitios about to conunencc. 
May -itli Col. T. O.Stone died. Lioiit. \Vood\var<l 
took his l)()(ly home. P. I. ^\'illiams, C'omi)any "']'>"' 
went witli iiim. A ttack expo(:t(;d . ^Vat;■ons loaded 
and read}' to move. May (ith, ISiil, went to trenches. 
Waited an attack ail tla}'. Kcturned at nii^lit to 
camp to cook rations, Keepinj^ the train loa<li'd. 
.May rth enemy drove in cavalry. Took Tunnel J I ill. 
Setwart's Division advanced to hurnt hridg-(; to sup- 
port cavali"y till all passed. Ketuiaied to trenches. 
1 n eveninj^ advanced and took posscssitui ol' raiij^c 
of hills in fi-ont. 1 ■-.*:()() o'clocd-; night I'ell luud: to ohi 
jiositit)!!. .May sth. Suiuhiy, iimaincd at Vidiks. 
Six (Companies 15, !•], (J, D, 1 and A under ('.ip'^. 
\\'illett sent to skiiinish. ilad severe skirmish. 
I'Ndl hark from liald Uill. Iteinaiued until l-i:0() 
()"(dotdc night, lietariuul to vv'(^rks except A and 
1 in redouhls and 1'^ on jnck(;t. IJallle (iX}»ecied 
next morning. Heavy lighting on right and 
left. May '.dh, Monday, rcdieved Ijy iJaLes' l)ivis 
ion. .Marcdied to ejst side of railroa,d. JieUiained 
that da}'. 'I'uesday. .May hUh. in line all day. 
Heavy lighting on mountain. aUh Alabama and 
C!omi»any A .'iM h Alabama engaged enemy. i*aiemy 
repulsed. Ma}' lUli, I'v'iid and '■>'i[\i ^Ual)ama in re- 
doubts, 4uthand.">i in trenches. !May I "ith, '.riiursda} , 
at ;;:0i) a. m. joih and oitli I'elieved ;i;ih and r.'nd on 
mountain. lA'euing caiemy nuide heavy assault to 
take heights. Ilepulsed. W'm. i>a.rham and ( o'o. 
W. Irwin mortall}' wounded in thighs. Win. ii. 
.Jennings sevcrdv' in arm, all o\' (!oinpaiiy •I!'". 
( )thei's slightly wiiuutUd in C'ompau}- ■•11". ('apt. 
Vj. Marsh (Jomiiany ^'K" kilhMl. Mau}' oihers in 
lo'giment k'illcdand woiimhil. Ma\ iolli. l''rida\, 



G4 



rcdiriud to works, i-ul'u'ved by Stovall's Brigade. At 
li):itii |) .m. Stcsvart's and P>at(!'s Divisions full back 
two miles above Resaca. Arrived inoniiti^ of ]4tli. 
1 11 line Hear railroad. May Utli, ISaturday, heavy 
hatlK' foii;4lil all <la,y. Stevvai-t"s Division not en- 
-;a^e(l until evening. IMade a charge one and a half 
miles. Drovt^ the enemy. Capt. Willett in charge 
of skirmi>li lines. ]klay 15Lh, Sunday, heavy figlit- 
ing on left and right all day. Stewart's Division 
made a (•liarge. Baker's l^rigade lost heavily, in 
morning Lieut. Latham wounded in thigii, }l. K, 
11 mniieut killed. L. T. Cole severely wounded and 
lelt in hands oi' enemy, J. A. Byars and Jas. Elmore 
severely wounded. Many others in Company '"B" 
slighll V wountled. It was a terrible assault. Sun- 
day night the whole army fell back towards King- 
ston on the Cassville road. Stewart's Division the 
real- guard. May IGth, ^londay, fell farther back 
on same road to near Calhoun. Bivouaced until 
moining. May 1 i tli, 'J'uesday, retreated to Adairs- 
ville. Ariivt'd at noon. Formed line of battle. 
Lear guard had a, severe skirmish. At 1->::U0 niglit 
began reticat to Cassville. May istii, Wednesday, 
fell back to Cas.sville, arrived at noon. B>ivouaced. 
Drew rations. Slei)t that night. Army massed 
about ("assville and Kingston. May IKth, Thursday, 
at (Uissville, reti-eat seems to ewd. Army in posi- 
tion. Tlie great battle expected, l^attle order issued 
at Uesaca. On 1 lib ami loth Confederate loss .'J, 000. 
Federal loss -.'o.oci). Company "B" 6-t men and tiiree 
others; now 11 men and ">! oilicers. Lipsey, Locke. 
Williams, Lavender, C^owaril, Lee, Brandon, Collins, 
and (iraham at hospital before light. 40th Alabama 
,,11 iMli ; killed, M woundcnl, six missing. C. S. El- 
more r( luriied from hospital and W. IL McAteer. 
(ireat j»repa rat ions for battle at night. Being 
Hanked at Lome compelled furth«'r retreat. It com- 



65 



menccd at niidiii^lit. May 20th, Friday, army foil 
back t(» I'vtowah IvivcM', crossed and burnt railroad 
biidui'. Stewart's Division at 1):U(» a. ni. lietreat 
slow thus tar and dogged. Army ready to fight all 
the time. I'aumy avoid battle and move around 
Hanks. Army bivouaced on ridges on east side of 
Ktowali. All [government property brought off. 
]\Iay J 1st. Saturvlay, early a. m. Stewart's Division 
moN'ed one and one half miles east to bivouac. 
llOod's Corps during retreat moved east of railroad. 
l{emaine<l all day. Drew rations. Wrote letter to 
wife and one to brother. Tiiis is my birthday. May 
■.'"v'ml and JMrd remained at same bivouac resting. 
]\la\' "-J nil, Tuesday, Hood's Corps marched from 
l^towah se\en miles towards Dallas and bivouaced. 
i laidee's (Jorps befor*; us. Kained at night. Near 
line of I'.artow and Dallas Counties. ^lay 25th, 
Wednesday, marched to left of army at New Hope 
Church, h'ought a great battle that day, commenc- 
iiio- at l:"ii p. )u. Stewart's Division mostly and 
liotl\- (111 a.;;ed. Haker's and Clayton's and Stovall's 
llrigjidc^ 111 fiont line. Gibson's and Hindman's 
Divisions in r.si rve. hi Company "IV Sam'l Pear- 
son killed; \V. 11. .lones wouutled. Many killed and 
wounded in the hUh. The enemy charged us all the 
evening, but were; as often repulsed. Both armies 
close togi'lluT. Uattle expected on the morrow. 
May ■.M.ih. Thuisday, heavy skirmishing early. 
Hood i-einlorced bv Tolk's Corps. Little artillery 
used in l.;> inral engagement, liain 24tli and 2.".th, 
,1. ,1. .b niiin-s, M. M. Kreeman ami J. A. Eads sent 
t.) hospiial. 1*. 1. Williams reports to Dr. Colgin. 
Skirmi^hin.i:; heavy all day at close range. May •-.'Hh, 
l''rida>. hta\\' skirmishing. Datteries ei'ected on 
both sides and eniienching. ]\lany killed and woun- 
ded in niig.id''. Capt. Willett chief of i)icket. liieul. 
Nance at hospital. Lieut. Sanders Company 'K'' in 



66 



roitiiiKMid of ('niiii>;iiiy "l'.". Ilav(; not slopt iiii 
Ihuir in llir('(! (hiys. Am ii'.in.'sl o\i-r}»o\V('ic.l wiili 
:,|,(i,. llavf (lii/."il tlirco times since 1 commencf d 
tiiisnotf. Now 11:00 a.m. 1 n cv.'nin.i; lu^n y li- hi - 
in'^- on Stewart's line. Loss in ;i;ili and f»itli Al.i- 
I'.ima heavy hy sin llm^- works. Koni' in 40lh Alaha- 
iii;i killi'd and lit'teeii wunmhMl. In nij^hL I'eiieved 
l.\ I'olk's ( 'oi-ps. Hood's Corps }>nt()n nuircdi. 'IMiis 
di V (dehiirne had ^reat success on our immediah; 
r!i;hl. .May -.'Stii marched all day and came at ni.-hl 
hiudv to same place and bivouaccd. In reserve. ()n 
ni^ht <d' -..'^th slei>t all ni.^ht. Ueceved letter from 
wilV by C'hannell. Lients. Nance and 'idiomp^cm 
;^ent to hosjiital. Channelland 15. '1'. lilack i-t;turned 
from hospital and home. I'^ii^htinj; in I'rout all the 
lune. 1 leaviest on ( 'leburne. Sent letter t(^ wife to 
mail al Atlanta. Marched May --.".tth foui- mih;s east 
towards .\(dc worth, lodiesed ca\alry. bhitrentdn d 
|;.sld iiillail ni^ht. C^omi'any "15"' flankers day 
of a,rri\ al there. ( iot some- sleep that ni,i;ht. Kain. 
Ma\- ;ioih. iMil, all day behind works. Cajds. (iiay 
.ind M ilclndl I -'nd .\labama wounded. (%>!. J.anier 
r.'nd Alaliama w ounded at New 1 lope on :j; th. I'.lany 
ca^nallies in r.ri-.ole. Sent letter to wife by Uark^'i-. 
Siiarpshool inj;- continues. At .'i:(tii a. m. redie\ed i)y 
rlaVum's r.ii-adc. .\biy :il st. Tuesday, to rear in two 
1 1 m .-1. lo I I'Nt a da \ . A i noon moved to right te) relic\ e 
ca\'ali N and riitren<die<l. Soon a.bamloned. .Aloved 
back to same [)osiuon at .kUiI]). m. June 1st, l.si5l, 
We lnt;;;day, had a ni.'j^lit.s rest. K-sted all day. At 
(111 k moved t»> front line. To'lieved ('la3ton. June 
-.'ad, 'l'hursda\ . lu'a vy >.hai[)shooti n;^- all day and 
iii_.hl. Kain i n <• veniiii;. Ua i n every day sinct^ May 
■.'II II .Maii\ hea\ V r;iiiis. ?klaih(l letter lo wile. 
Mah>'n se\ eiely Vvoiiiided. X o charges. Jun(3 ih'd, 
I'ai.la \-. Ilea v\- rain. Muddy tren(dies. ('(Uitinued 
shar[ishootin--. U. I^lniort- and J. J. Jennings re- 



67 



turiied from hospital. McCarty (Jonipany "K" killed. 
Enemy massing on rig'lit towards railroad. 
Rain all day and night. 40th, ;;*nd and "•sth Alaba- 
ma left in trenches as picket while army at night 
march to right, dune r)th, tSundny, at 1 :uo o'cdock a.i 
m. Jjoft trenches in rain, mud and dark. Never 
had so disagreeable and fatigueing march. Never 
halted till noon. Orcatly exhausted. It is knowji 
as the }}in(l(ln inarch, llain had fallen three days and 
the roads were nearly imi)assable. Uested luilance 
»d' day on l.usi Mountain. Washed uuid olT clothes. 
Drew a whiskey ration. Sh^pt that night it having 
(dt^ared ofT. dlibson aiul IStovall in line. Baker and 
('la.\ Ion in resiM've. June nth, Alomlay, rested unlil 
evening. IJain. In reserve. Sent letter to wife,. 
Some skirmishing. J une Ith, 'ru<\sday, in reser\e. 
(\)rporal Ijancaster and IJilly Taylor sent to hos]>ital. 
A g(Mn'ral (juiet in military alfairs, ]vain in evening. 
.luneSlh, Wediu'sday. At suniise Hood's ('orps 
marched east towards railroad. At noon hivouactMl. 
l^^at dinner -1 J miles mutli west of -Marietta, and one 
mile west of railroad. Went to fi-ont iwid Imilt 
works. I^'inished them that night. .June '.Uh. Thurs- 
day, worked on tiMMiches until leton, then moved to 
east side of railroad to new position. There that 
night. June loth, Friday, iecei\ed hdter from wife 
of :2nd. hhitrenching anil skirmishing. < 'n '.tth 
Sergeant (iilkey returned from home, sick. Brought 
nre i)aii" of sIkx'S. Ta\'lor and Ijancester retunuid 
from hospital. ( jilkey sent to hosi)ital. Still I'ainy 
and wet. Companic^s D. A, B,(J and K tinder CJa)>t. 
Willett, !.')Umenon skirmish line. Uain all day. 
Skirmishing and cannonading on the line. None on 
our lin(; to sunset. Skirmishing and entreuidiing. 
Bemained all night. June, 11th, isoi, picket relieveil 
at 8:00 a. m. Stewart's J,)ivision marched to ex- 
treme right two miles, (iihson's ciud Stovalls 



as 



in line. Baker and Clayton in reserve. Stovall and 
Gil)son entrenched. Rain all day. (!avalry on 
right. Skirmish to front. Hardee on left, Polk in 
center, Hood on right. June 12th, Sunday, still at 
same bivouac. Rain all day and night. Brigade or- 
dered to trenches there just before night. Rain all 
night. Rain all day and night. June 13th, Monday, 
still in line. Rain all day. Cool and windy. Col- 
lins and Sheppard returned from hospital. Sergeants 
Eaton and Mitchell sent to hospital. Some skir- 
mishing. June 14th, Tuesday, very cool in morning. 
Cannonading on line near railroad. Sent letter to 
wife. Sunshine once more. Sergeant Thomas sent 
to hospital, Noon 40th Alabama sent on picket 
H miles to front. Three companies sent in advance. 
The others threw up works. At *J:00 p. m. all Regi- 
ment sent on picket duty except Company "B." En- 
trenched picket line. Relieved 37th Alabama. They 
had two killed, three wounded, and seven captured. 
June 15th, 18G4, Wednesday, Company ''B" in re- 
serve to 9:00 a, m. Four wounded, Lieut. Collier se- 
verely in arm. All day enemy massed" troops in 
front. At 2:00 p. m. assaulted picket line with line 
of skirmishers and two lines of battle. 40th had or- 
ders to hold position at all hazards, and were H 
miles from support. The iight was severe. Redoubts 
taken. 40th lost 14G men and nine officers. Capts. 
Moore and Gantt, Lieuts, Hicks, Sanders, Bing- 
ham, Guin, Ward, Moore and Shaver, all of 
Companies K, H, I and K on picket, and most 
of A, G and 1) were captured. IMost of Com- 
panies C and K escaped. Company "B" in re- 
serve under orders. Company "'IV held position. 
Enemy's line came within st;venty-five yards in 
open tield and commenced a murderous tire upon 
them. Col. Higley ordered retreat and fell back 
through open field under galling tire. W. V. Vance 



69 

Company "1^" was shot in thigh. tSoon after siiot 
in body and killed. Abram 1). Jones shot in left 
arm. It was broken. He was brought oil" the field 
and had arm amputated. A'ance left on field ^u 
hands of enemy. One in Company "l" who 
had tools killed. Tom Williams, John Goodwin and 
others slightly wounded. We were under a severe 
concentrated fire of a whole line until we passed 
through the open field ;)00 yards. Lost half of Regi- 
ment. Have no account of them. At the redoubts 
it was a hand to hand fight. Company '"H" fell 
back one mile to IMvision at right. Division fell 
back one half mile farther and bivouaced. June l(3th 
Thursday, Division moved farther back to right an<l 
entrenched. No fighting all day of 10th. June 17th, 
Friday, Clayton and Baker in line. Gibson and Sto- 
vall in reserve. Barham and Irwin wounded at 
Rocky Face on 1:2th May, at Fmpire Hospital in 
Atlanta. Died, the first on ^."ird of May and the lat- 
ter of --ioth of May, 18(U. W.H.Jones wounded at 
New Hope. Furloughed from Montgomery sixty 
days from June 0th. Lieut. ]jatham got leave (►f 
absence from iMontgomery for thirty days from 
June 1st, IHOt. Sent letter to wife. Also one to 
Terry. J. F. Hicks returned from home. Brought 
me i)air shoes and letter frojn wife and Col. Stone of 
date June 10th. Also one from Lieut. Lath- 
am. Under marching orders all night. June 18th, 
Saturday, Hood's Cor])s marched all night to left to 
support Polk and Hardee. It rained very hard until 
2;()U p. m. and till night. At sunset Hood's Corps 
was ordered back to right. Marched till midnight 
in mud and rain on east side of Kennesaw mo\in- 
tain. It was a terrible day. liain and mud. The 
Corps all day in reserve. l>aker\s Brigade su])- 
ported Cocktirell's. Stewart's Division supported 
French's Division. No gentM-al battle but fierce 
skirmishing. .Many killed and wounded. The rain 



70 



pr<ivente(l a general battle. The men suffered nuicli. 
Late ill evening marched to right. At midnight 
lull ted one mile northeast of Marietta and bivoiiaeed. 
Ituin all night. Lay on palings und<;r wet blankets. 
Knbber cloth to cover. Rested till daylight. < )n j 
left heavy skirmishing all day. Many killed and 
wounded. June 19th, lSG-1, Sunday, at S:0(i a. m. at 
same bivouac. Whiskey issued. Dark, rainy and 
cloudy. No prospect of better weather. B. 1^'lmore, 
A. Klmore, M. S. Jones and T. H. Williams sent to 
hospital. Rained hard all day. In a terrible rain 
marched to left two miles on east side of Kennesaw 
mountain. Halted and fronted and Division marciud 
ill line of battle to summit of mountain, then to the 
left and bivouaced as reserve. Mountain rugged and 
bushes wet. Bivouaced on side of mountain. Had 
mess of H-ish potatoes for supper. June2i)th, ]\londay, 
remained all day on mountain supporting C!anty':» 
Brigade or Division. Brandon and M. A. Cameron 
returned from hospital. Also B. T. lUack. Ivaiii 
today. June '-ilst, Tuesday, rain. At same bivouac 
sup})orting Canty's Division on Kennesaw. Remained 
all night. Rain in morning. At S:U() a. m. Stew- 
art's Division, Hindman's and Stephenson's Divis- 
ions put on march for left. Marched through ^Ma- 
riettain rain west of railroad. Took Powder Springs 
road. Four miles southwest of town halted to rest. 
The Corps marched to extreme left of army to pre- 
vent cavalVy raid on railroad. Being a reserve Di- 
vision we do much marching. The sun shines once? 
more. Rations of coffee and sugar issued. Compa- 
nies B and C under Capt. Willett sent as Brigado 
picket. June x^^iid, Wednesday, on picket with Com- 
{)anies B and C. Division on I\lariutta and I'owder 
Springs road four miles southwest of Marietta and 
one mile west of railroad. Sun shines today, i^ipsey 
and B. Klmore return from hospital. Wrote letter 



71 



to wife. Are four miles from our line of battle to- 
wards Dallas. Picket relieved at 4:00 p. m., and Di- 
vision marched two miles farther down Powder 
Sjtiings road towards enemy. AVcuit to support 
Stephenson and llindman who wiere heavily engaged 
with enemy. The fight was severe. ]\Iany were 
killed and wounded. Shelling severe. ]^>aker and 
Clayton fourth line, Stovall and Gibson third line, 
supports to Stephenson, engaged. Hivouaced that 
night on line. Early next morning retired a few 
hundred yards and entrenched third line. Our army 
made the attack. J)rove the enemy. Loss on botli 
sides severe. Our loss 1,000 killed and wounded. 
We held the battle field. June :v';5rd, Thursday, in 
trenches till noon, then moved to left two miles to 
fortify on Sand Hills. Gibson and Stovall in trenches, 
leaker and Clayton in reserve. Made works on left 
Hank. No rain today and warm. Hard lighting on 
Hardee's and Loring's fronts on right. Kesult not 
known. Sharpshooting all day and night. At 
bivouac on sandhills. There has been rain daily for 
a month. The supply of water on thiscamimigii hns 
boon abundant. It has at all the bivouacs been 
abundant and of good quality, Juno ^*4th, isii4, 
Friday, tine morning. At same bivouac. Jleavy 
skirmishing on right of Division. A. Elmore re- 
turnod from hospital. Thirty-nine men and two 
ollicers in Company "P" present for duty, lieceivcd 
letter from wife today of date JGth. Sent letter to 
wife. J une •■.'5th, Saturday, in trenches on left ol 
(iibson. Works made very strong with ulxtllis. 
CJlear and warm. Sharpshooting along whole lim> 
and iieavy cannonading. Jnne^jilth, IhtU, Sunday, 
in trenches. No sbarpsliuoling on our I'l-oiit, lieavy 
on right. VVarni. June 'iTth, JMonday. In saints 
position. Attack expected. Still ^(Mr and cool.-r. 
Sent letter to wife. Saw Jerome Slout, VV . J. Stout 



and Lieut. Shaiinoii. Early in day fighting- on right. 
A general battle, (^n right battle, 'severe. Enemy re- 
pulsed witii great loss. They charged Cheatham's 
and Cleburne's divisions with great force. W. II. Jen- 
nings furloughed for sixty days to go home from June 
•2\, 18G4. June:<;8, Tuesday, attack expected in front. 
Heavy cannonading and sharpshooting along tlie 
lines. Weather warm. At noon firing ceased. At 
'^:(n) p. m. -iOth Alabama on picket to cover Brigade 
in redoubts, enemy in front, (.orporal Lancaster 
and F. J. McAteer sent to hospital. June 29th, 
Wednesday, but little sharpshooting, more quiet on 
lines. Relieved by -i'-^nd Alabama and returned to 
trenches. The conmiissary begins tlie issue of vege- 
tables, the supply scant. June Moth, 18tU, Thursday, 
rain. Quiet on lines. Wrote a letter to wife. 
Hharpshooting on right. July 1st, 1804, Friday, in 
same position. Heavy sharpshooting, mostly on 
right. i\rajor General Stewart made a Lieutenant 
(ieneral, and took command of Polk's Corps. Gen. 
I'olk was killed on Lost Mountain. Loring next in 
rank took command of Corps until successor ap- 
pointed. By request of Gen. Johnston Gen. Slfvvart 
remained a few days with his old Division, it being 
on the extreme left of the army and a responsible 
position. Hood on left, Hardee in center and Stewart 
on right. July x'nd, 1804, Saturday, at daylight 
beavy fifing with small arms and cannon on th« 
rigiit. Heavy assault made, continues till two hours 
by sun. Some shelling, but no sharpshooting in our 
front. N'ery warm. As yet do not know who will 
be our ]\lajor General. 40th Alabama went on picket 
at 4:00 p. m., relieved :;;th Ahibama. July 3rd, lS(i4, 
Sunday, at 1 :00 a. m. the Division picket left their 
line, tlie whole army having been ])Ut on the mnrcli 
to fall back five mile.s n(;ar (Jhatiahouciiee ri\('i\ 
The retreat was conducted in excellent order, and at 
7;U0 a. m. the army was in its uyw position. Stew- 



73 

art's Corps on right, Hardee in center and the left, 
which is one and one half miles from the railroad 
west. 40th Alabama sent again on the skirmish 
line. Capt. Willett and Col. Higley for Division 
Chiefs, llelieved at 5:00 p. m, by 4^nd Alabama. 
Enemy advancing. The hottest day of the season. 
July -tth, 18G4, Frida]|, in works. Attack expected. 
Sharpshooting along our lines. Still extending our 
lines to left. Enemy moving on left. Jas. Lancaster 
and W. R. McAteer returned from liospital. Stephen- 
son's and Stewart's pickets partly driven in. July 
5th, 18G4, Tuesday, at 1:00 a.m. retreated farther 
towards river. Stewart's Division at cavalry works 
two miles from river. At noon marched to extreme 
left on river. Baker, Stovall and Gibson relieved 
Georgia state troops, in strong position. July (ith, 
Wednesday, still in works. Skirmishing on picket 
lines. Clayton in reserve. 40th went on picket. 
Capt. Willett chief of Brigade, Col. Higley chief of 
Division picket. July 7th, Thursday, heavy sharp- 
shooting on our lines. At sunset on Stewart's line all 
our batteries opened on enemy. They replied for one 
half hour. It was grand and furious. Relieved at 
dark and returned to works. l-Teceived two letters 
from wife of date 27th and 30th June. July !Sth, 
Friday, more than usual quiet today. Hi same po- 
sition. July :3th, Saturday, little tiring. Lieut. 
Gen. Stewart took command of Polk's Corps. On 
8th, Brig. Gen. Clayton, made Major General, took 
command of Stewart's old Division. At 10:00 o'clock 
at night retreated to east side of Chattahoochee 
river, three miles nearer Atlanta, crossing on pon- 
toons. All crossed safely. July 10th, Sunday, ot 
bivouac four miles above Atlanta at !t:00 a. m. All 
day at same place. July 11th, 18(J4, Monday, at sam<i 
bivouac. G»mpany "1^"' drew four months pay on 
'.•th. Some skirmishing on I'iver. At IOmhj u. m. 
the Division moved west one mile on another road 



74 

leading to Atlanta. J. Goodwin and W. li. McAteer 
and B. Elmore sent to liospital. July \2\\\, Tuesday, 
on picket. No tirin<^ in our front. Ixeceived letter 
from Lieut. Latham date 4t}i. Picket relieved at 
i 1 :00 a. m. Kain in evening. July 13tli, AV'cdnesday 
([uiet today. At same bivouac. Sent letter to wife. 
July 14th, ]8ii4, Thursday, at4^2:0<» midnight Brigade 
sent on picket to river four mih's. Keli-ved 
Manigault's Brigade. 37th and 54th in redoubts. 
4()th and 4:ind in reserve. Quiet today. Some shell- 
ing and sharpshooting. July 15th, isii4, Kriday, at 
•i:(>() a. m. 4()th and 42inl relieved ;)7th an<l 5^th on 
picket. Cai)t. Willett Division Oflicer of the day. 
Two ofiicers and two men in ;57th and 54th killed and 
two woundtid yesterday on picket. Li reserve. 
Shelling by enemy . Parker in Company "C"' killed 
lo(l;iy. July HJth, lS(i4, Saturday, at :.*;()<) o'clock 
a. jn. Brigade relievcnl by (Jibson's Brigade and 
moS(;d hack Lo old i)ositi{)n. July ]7th, Sunday, rain 
(luring night. Keceived letter from wife of 7th. 
Seal lt.ii.i- lo wife. Division moved to right two 
miles and bi\wuaced. Knemy quitting our left. July 
ISih, .Aloiulay, sent letter to wife. At same bivouac 
DIM' mile West of railroad. Jveceived letter fiom 
JMotlui' of (late June IDth. CJen. Joseph E. Johnston 
relit \ed of I lie ciiinmainl of the army of Tennessee. 
Lieui. (Jen. JIoimI niidea full (jJeneral and took com- 
mand of t Ue a im \ . By thi.'^act the army Avas uut- 
/■((;/(■(/. A II olihr. ex|)'Mieiiced and successful com- 
ma ml '-r i-i|ie ■, III |(»r (.lie iJ Hi lied at this ci'iticaJ jieriod 
in sv) inn^Mi t;i III ;i ea in jia igii. It came like a thunder- 
holt to lln.^ ai in \ . mi iiii \ (m el' i|. so undeserved. At 
:);oo p. jii. mail n.d 1 wo miles east of i"ailroad and 
bivoiiaceLl. July lin li. Tuesday , at sunrise marched 
mile and went inio position. Hood's (^orps now 
commanded by Clu/atham on I'ight, liardee in o-nter. 
Gibson and Stovali in reserve, Baker and lloltzclaw 



75 



inline. Col. lloltzchiw succeeded ( ien. (Mayton as 
I->i'ij4^adier (Jeneral, Skirmishing on the lines. July 
;20th, JSi;4, Wednesday, at same place in line. Made 
strong works. A^ery warm. At ll:(iti a. m. movefl 
to riglit two miles to meet the enemy. Clayton and 
llindman Nvere to our right. Skirmishing with 
euemy. Tiiey retired. Then threw up works in 
great hurry. Some of picket killed. Some shelling. 
Stewart's Corps had hard hattlo on Peacjitree Creek 
on left, loss heavy, but drove t^ie enemy. July -^Mst, 
J st'iJ, Thursday, })ickets skirmish lines close together. 
SiiMi-pshooting at short range. At ]0:()(,» a. ni. Mood's 
old (!orps comnumded hy Cheatham in front line or- 
<lered to charge enemy's works supported by Hardee. 
The orders were given and everything I'eady for the 
order to lea}) the works and make the assault. We 
waittMl two hours in great suspense when the order 
was counU^irnumded, which relieved our J'eelin</.s not 
a little, li was a desperate charge and would have 
resulted in . I general battle. At■^!;U() p. m. in same 
})osition. Heavy skirmishing all along the lin*-. At 
;»:(!(» J), m. fell hac;k to works around Atlanta. 4()tli 
left aspicketdtleftat l<):(>t> p. m. July 2-.'nd, 18ti4, Fri- 
day, encuny aivaiu'ing in forc(; rapidly. Shai'pshool- 
ing antl cannoi.ading commences heavily by S:0<t a. m. 
A gi'eat l)attle ''ought today by Hood and Sherman, 
("ommeucing on our right. Attack brought on by 
rsvhelon. ' C(d, ( ireen IJI t^ Alabama killed. IJaker's 
Brigade engaged. Col. Higley commanding. Cap- 
tured -i,()00 prisoufu's, '.*() ca)inons and small arms. 
^oth Alabama under Col. /inken acted as skir- 
misliers under Maj.drully who returned to liegiment 
a few days befor<^ ( )ui- loss severe, l)Ut gained a 
gi'eat victory. .July ".IJrd, Saturday, heavx cannonad- 
ing and shar})shootiag all day. No battle. July 
?i4th, Sunday, usual tirng. No battle to notjn. Capt. 
Willett Division Ullicerof the day. No battle today. 



76 



July 25th, Monday, heavy skirmisliiiij^ all day. At 
iii^lit 40th Alabama went on picket. Capt. VVillett 
remained at trenches. July .'(Jth, Tuesday, heavy 
skirmishing^ and sharpshooting all day. At 8:00 
p. m. 40th came off picket. I^.rigade took i)osition in 
works in rear of lirst line. July •.'7th, Wednesday, 
heavy cannonading <.uirly. Enemy charged at noon. 
At 4:00 p. m. division on the march. It was ascer- 
tained the enemy had al)an<loned our right front. 
Lieut, (len. Stephen I). Lt^.e took command of Hood's 
old Corps. IMarch to the left commenced at ::3:00 
p. m. and Corps bivouaced to left in suburbs of At- 
lanta. July X'Sth, 18G4, Thursday, marched to left of 
army. Stewart's andliee's Corps engaged. Fought 
the great battle of :i8th July, isc-j. Clayton's, Hind- 
man's, Loring's, Walthall's and French's J'ivisions 
hotly engaged. Our forces charged the enemy's 
work's, were repulsed; fell back a few hui:dred yards 
in order and made a stand; the enemy did not pursue. 
Each army held to its former position. In Company 
"B" 40th Alabama Lieut. E. D. Vance mortally 
wounded. Lieut. P. Baker acting wi;h Companies 
"B"and"G" wounded in leg; afterwards amputated. 
W. (i. Strickland private Company ''B'' severely 
wounded in face. J. P. Cox severely wounded in 
leg; John Goodwin Company "B" severely in side; 
Foster and many others slightly wounded. It was a 
terrible charge. Confederate loss heavy. (Uiptain 
Wills commanding 4;2nd killed. Capt. J. C. Ken- 
drick commanding :i7th severely wounded. Enemy's 
loss heavy, but not ki\i)wn. liivouaced on battle 
field. Late at night fell back to entrenchments one 
mile. July:vMith, b^'riday, Lee'i Corps put on march 
to the left, moved two miles a^id enli't-nched. (Com- 
panies Band C under Capt. TViilelt l>iigade picket. 
Itelievetl at -]:iiO p. m. Sentietter to wif(! by citizen 
of Alabama. Also one day uufore by Lieut. Askew's 



boy. Little firing on line today. Quiet on picket 
line. July ;50th, 18(i4, Saturday, Clayton's Division 
moved to left one mile and entrenched. Sent letter 
to wife to nuiil at Dudley ville, Alabama. No firing 
today. July 31st, Sunday, a ([uiet morning; fair and 
warm. At 1 :(>() p. m. moved to the right one mile. 
Very heavy rain in evening. J,uOO raiders captured 
towards Newnan, Georgia, and their artillery, l^at- 
tle expected. Our troops massed on Sand T(iwn 
road. Bought two ducks today. 

August }st, ^^)^, Monday, at same position on Sand 
Town road. Cloudy. Sent letter to wife by I^ieut. 
Knighton's boy. At 8:00 p. m. moved one half mile 
east. August '-ind, Tuesday, at ?:0()a. in. moved one 
mile east on line. Quiet. Soit letter to wife. Re- 
ceived letters from wife of 11th and ISth July. Au- 
gust .'Jrd, Wednes<lay, tieavy lain. Skirmishing com- 
menced again in front. At noon (Uipt. Willett sent 
to Herrings "Mill with 50 picked men and thi-ee )>icked 
ollicers to relieve cavalry. Arrived there and posted 
part of men, when enemy advanced in force. The 
50 men skii'mished witii enemy two hours on 
line perpendicular to Baker's and lloltzclaw's line 
of picket redoubts from Bakei's right to Holt'/claw,s 
left over half a mile. The skirmish was at close 
range. We had greatly the advantage in position, 
tliey in numbers. We killed nuiny of the enemy on 
the I'me. Sergeant Katon distinguished himself for 
cool and gallant conduct, as did n<'ar]y all the skir- 
mishers. We fell back slowly and as soon as we un- 
covered Baker's and lloltzclaw's picket lines in re- 
doubts the enemy made a forward movement with 
skirmishers and .iifaiilr} lines and assaulted 
the picket I'edoubts of tlies(; t wt) Hiigadt's and car- 
ried their woi'ks and cai)lnred loo nu-n on that line 
t)f Baker's Brigade, :.' 1 of -loMi Alahanui. Of Com- 
pany "B," B. G. Acker, J. D. Camerun_, 1. A. Free- 



' ' >'-■ ' 



78 

man, M. M. Freeman, J. M. French, Anderson El- 
more; of Company '0," Thos. Galley, Thos. Dilliard 
and W. K. Crai^; Lient. ffartsfield Company "C" 
captured, of the oO men under Capt. Willett one 
killed, Thedford, and one wounded, Shaver. Heavy 
tightin<? along the whole line. Enemy gained hut 
little advantage. Took a few picket redouhts. At 
11:00 p. m. Capt. Willett relieved. August 4tli, 1R04, 
Thinsday, firing continues. Received letter from 
wife of r.'Ath July by G. W. Acker. Heavy fighting 
on i>icket line and furious cannonading. Enemy 
mnde night attack on picket line— no advantage 
gained. August 5th, Friday, brisk firing early on 
picket line. Severe fight on (iibson's picket litie. 
Their woiks carried and 100 men captured. Can- 
nonading all day. There is too great a stress ]»ut on 
picket fighting. They are strong lines, but so far 
away from support that the enemy can cany them 
by attacking in great force, which they do and our 
picket lines are sacrificed and no good a(;complish<'d. 
August titli, Saturday, in same position. Firing 
continues. Lines close together. Corporal Stej)hens 
Company "C" severely wounded in shoubh-r on 
picket. Several charges on picket lines. All le- 
pulsed. Knemy charges Bates" r>ivision on left and 
weie handsumely repulsed. Captured ;;0o prisoners 
and tilt ir wounded, which were many, and tluMr 
small arms and baggage. Kain. August 7tli, ],sti4, 
Sunday, sliai i)shooting and cannonading continues. 
Chaige after charge on picket line. Finally forced 
in alo/ig the Division front. Lines close togeiliei-. 
Our forces then recharged enemy and reto^.k n\(»st 
of the r(Mh-)iibts. After night ('apt. Willett was sent 
with oo men lo reinforce the assaulting foicp of 
Baker's Brigade to make a night attack and take 
the remaining ledoubls. Cpon consultation with 
Divisiou aud Brigade Commanders it was aban- 



79 

doned as too hazardous, and afte^r ludding the 50 men 
in front of works exposed to a severe tire until '^'lOO 
a. ni., ord<^rs came to establish a picket line; with 
those lirst sent out to assault the works; 100 men 
under ("apt. I'ennington and the oo men under ('apt. 
Willett estahlished the line, and (ien. liaker ordered 
in (Japt. W'illett as Capt. Pennington had been do- 
tailed as chief of the line, and the assault contem- 
plate<l was not made. August sth, l,S(i4, Moiulaj, 
early rapid liring (Commenced, (yontinued all day 
and night. About 9;00 a. m., J. C. Hall, Company 
"K"' was wcauded in the shoulder not severe— at 
the works. About ]•.':()(» noon 5th Sergeant .Jacob II. 
Katon (Jompany "Jj" on skirmish line was shot dead, 
tlu; ball entering his brain above left eyt; midway 
between left eye and where hair grew. It was a 
fatal shot. His body was brought out and his mehs- 
mates (iilkey. Curry, Lipsey and others buried him. 
He was nearly twenty-one years old, unmarried, a 
very |)romising young man, by profession a prniler, 
aiul was a noble, generous boy. His country had no 
braver defender. Harris, we hate to give thee uj). 
He was decently buried near iien. (Mayton's head- 
(juarters on a public road near a residence. TIk* 
lines are so close many are struck by sharpshooters 
from both sides. August !tth, lS(i4, 'J'uesday, in 
same position. Firing continues. Main. .Sent hit- 
ter to wife. Also one to Terry for ^h-s. Katon. Fir- 
ing all day. We remain close behind our woi'ks and 
nuike the enemy do the same. August lUth, Wed- 
nesday, liring continues with small arms and canon. 
August nth, Tiiursday, cannonading and sharp- 
shooting continues all day. Capt. Willett ciiief of 
Hrigade I'icket. W. J I. Joues returned from home. 
.J.J. Elmore furloughed from hospital from August 
'hu\ to October -Uu], sixty days. At dark 40th moved 
to rear line to entrench and bivouac. August l-.'th, 



80 



Friday, fit^rcf and coiitiiuKMl sliai'psliootin;^. Au- 
gust l.'Jtli, Saturday, (luirt in morninfr. Cliarj^^e 
aj^ainisl StovalTs line of pickets in evening:. I^ine 
taken. Sent letter to wife August 14tli. Sunday, 
in treiudies, Sliaritsliootinji: and cannonading con- 
tinues all day. August loth, .Momlay, fair. Usual 
firing. In same position. Smt letter to brother. 
Cloudy. No charges today. August HJth, Tuesday, 
usual tiring, llc^ceived letter from Lieut. Latham of 
August 1st. 140 men of -loth Alabama on i)icket, 
Lieut. Monette chief. August l^th, isiit, Wednes- 
day, fair. SI'.7iri)shooting continues. Ai'tillery little 
less severe, lu-ceived letter from Lieut. Ijatham of 
August 8th, IbGl. 

The army lines are in semicircle around nortii 
and west sides of Atlanta from l^'each Tree Creek 
on right to Last Point on left, and lines daily being 
extended to left by enemy. Our forces as they 
reach to left confront them. The lines are weak- 
ened for that purpose in many places. The men in 
main works are a yard apart, but the line is made 
very strong and almost unassailable by dhalti.s in 
front of the main works. It is now a ([uestion which 
army can aut reach to the left. In this month 
sevei'al \'ankee raids have come to grief, the most 
formidable of which was Stoneman's. 3,UU(.) raiders 
have been cai)tured this month, and their artillery 
and baj^gage and horses, and the others driven olT. 
Before capture and defeat they destroyed a good 
deal of property, and cut the Atlanta and Macon 
Railroaii and other roads. The Macon road was 
soon repaired. Stoneman was captured. August ISth, 
18(j-l, Thursday, heavy skiimishing in front of Divis- 
ion today. Charge by enemy in evening repulsed. 
Heavy tlghting on right and left, results not known. 
The enemy shell Atlanta day and night. August 
19th, Friday, fair. Skirmishing on line. At 1:00 



«1 



j». m. heavy ligliting on right and left. August 
20Lh, ISfit, Saturday, rain last night. Skirniisliing 
early. Rain in evening. 40th Alahanui for picket, 
Capt. Willett chief. Raid in rear repulsed to-day. 
August "-2 1st, Sunday, rainy and (doudy. Heavy 
sharpshooting and cannonading continues, liain in 
evening. Relieved at dark by ;57th Alabama. Heavy 
rain. August 2;;nd, jMonday, Rrigad(^ moved to 
right ;;()() yards. Stovall sent to left of Division. 
Skirmishing all day. August iJord, IS'J-t, Tuesday, 
beautiful day. Shar})shooting and cannonading con- 
tinues. Raid in rear repulsed, (len. Wheeler with 
cavalry forcg gone to^rear of enemy. Saw Sam'l G, 
King. Got my baggage for lirst time during cam- 
paign. It was brought by Sergeant Sanders with 
Gen. l:>aker's baggage. Overhauled it and got ])air 
of pants. Needed them. Old ones worn out. Left 
my baggage in care of King. August 2 1th, 18<i4, 
Wednesday, cannonading and sharpshooting before 
light. Continued all day. Detail of 151) men of 
40th on j)icket. At 0;OO p. m. Brigade ordered to 
move. Thought to be on a secret expedition. Com- 
mand marched at [>:■){) p. m. Picket relieved. 
Marched to depot at Atlanta and bivouaced. August 
•■.'5th, 1S(J4, Thursday, in two trains at<J;00 a m. licft 
on road to Macon with sealed orders. Maj. Kinlock 
Falconer A. A. G. of Gen. Hood intimated to me 
that W(i might go to Mobih;. Airixed at ^lacon. 
Most of the command thought we were sent to repel 
a raid. Left in two ti'ains for Uohimbus, (.Tcorgia, 
at ■2:(io p, m. MaiU; tlie run to within twenty-three 
miles of Columl)us before night. Bivouaced on 
trains. August •-.'tith, 1SG4, Friday, at 7:00 a. m. on 
HauK^ train started for CJolumbus. Aii'ived there at 
10:00 a. m. Met Lieut. Latham from home I'eturn- 
ing to command, deceived letter from wife. 0. S. 
Elmore was taki^n very sick on train. W'e left him 



82 



in hospital in ('olmnhus. !'>. Klinoie was tlu-rti in lios- 
j»it}il. At '-.'lOo ]). in. started on trains for Oju-lika, 
Alaliania. Arrived tlu-re, at liMXi a. ni. I'.ri^adw 
l>i vouacfd. Had to remain until next moi'nin^ for 
completion of break on railro.ul ma<le liv raid (d' 
liosscau. August •-I7\\i. lS(il. jlrigade hd't on two 
trains for Montgomery, the first that had run 
through since railroad was torn up. J. eft al '.i.nO 
a. m., arrived in ^lontgomery at •J:()U [k ju., mailed 
h'tter to wife. Capt. WiUett witii dompany '1)"' 
h'ft in i)assenger train at xJiiio p. m. for I'olla rd. 
liahmee of Brigade remaining for otlier trains. 
Arrived at Uolhird at -^iDO a. m. August JStli. Siin- 
ihiy. Left at 2:;50 foVfeiisas, arrive<l there at ::iti) 
a. m. Took boat Senator for Mobile, arrived at 
Mobile at '.i:U() a. ni. P>ivouaced in streu't. The 4(itli 
A labanui left Mobile -^'nd December, isii:^. Iletweeii 
thes(^ two dates nearly two years of war had made 
great (dianges. Left with m»U effective men, and 
now returned with about KM) effective men. Maj. 
(ien. Gardner ordered the command back to Tensas, 
'i'ook •J:<t() (('clock boat and returned. P)rigade or- 
dered back to Carpenter's Station. Uain in evening. 
Took 5:()() o'chx'k train and arrived at bivouac at 
t;.U<» p.m. !\Iucb rain and very minhly. Augus^t 
■."Jth, JS(i4, Monday, at same bivouac in piney wocjds, 
Sent letter to wife from Mobile yesterday. < )ur 
coming to Mobile from Army of Tennessee was very 
unexpected to us, though delighted with thecdiange. 
August oOth, Tuesday, early ordered to Blakely. At 
IS.nu a. m. took cars for 'i'ensas, then boat to IJlakely 
and arrived there at 1U:U(J a. m. At G:()0 p.m. oinlered 
to Spanish fort. Marched to Sibley's ^lills l)y S:(>0 
p. m. and bivouaced. ;i7lh and l^'ud to go into camp. 
o4th ordered to Pollard. Aui,'ust ;51st, Wednesday, 
at (iioO a. m. 4Uth put on march for Spanish Fort. 
Arrived there at 4:(HI p. m. and bivouaced. liainy. 



83 



September 1st, lS(i4, Thursday, established camp at 
Spanish Fort. Companies B, D, C and A sent to 
Montrose to picket. "F" detailed guard on boat 
Mary Stone. September 3nd, Friday, picketing- on 
bay at same place. Companies "B" and "D" did 
not go to Montrose. o7tii and 42nd Alabama ar- 
rived at Fort. Large number of slaves at work 
there on defenses, and Alabama Reserves also on 
duty there. September 3rd, Saturday, picketing on 
bay. Received official notice from Surgeon Craw- 
ford, Fair Ground Hospital No. 2 at Vineville near 
Macon, Georgia, that 2nd Junior Lieutenant Eli D. 
Vance wounded on 2Sth July, 18(!4, died of his 
wounds on 23r(l\lay of zVugust, 1804. He was un- 
marritTii, 28 years old, a good and brave officer and 
soldier. He left a widowed mother and sisters in 
Pickens County. Alabama, in indigent circum- 
tances. Enemy's fleet in sight in line off obstruc- 
tions but making no demonstrations. September 
4th, Sunday, usual quiet. Brig. Gon. Baker sick. 
Col. Highley absent. Capt. Willet in command of 
Brigade until Maj. Gully returned from Holly- 
wood. Companies "B"' and "D." put on march to 
Hollywood on account of gun boat laying close olf 
Short's Wharf. Arrived there six miles at 3:00 a. m. 
September 5th, Monday on the alert. Gun boat still 
off Short's Wharf. Left in evening. September Oth, 
Tuesday, all quiet. Boat came at night and left at 
sunrise. Company "F" came down and went into 
camp near Montrose. Siqitember 7th, Wednesda}^ 
usual (juiet. Gun boat pickets off Short's Wharf at 
night. Se])lember Sth, Thui-sday, (piiet. (inn 
boat come to wharf at night. S(q)tember Hth 
and lOlh (juiet. l)oing usiuil picket. "A" and "H" 
at village, " i>" and "C*"' at Hollywood and "F" at 
Montrose. September llth, SiunUiy, picket estab- 
lished on road in rear. Ileceivcd letter i'rom wife of 



84 



7th. September 12th and 13th, Capt. Willett still in 
C(unman(l of -10th Alabama. September 14th and 15th, 
Wednesday and Thursday, quiet. September IGth 
and 17th, usual quiet. Caught many flounders. The 
command catch many fish. September 18th, 19th 
and 20th, quiet. Received letter from wife date 15th. 
In command of Regiment. Maj. Gully commands 
Brigade. September 21st and 22nd. Wednesday and 
Thursday, quiet. Heavy rains. September 23rd 
and 2-4th, quiet. On 22nd day of September Sergeant 
T. B. Thomas elected Junior Second Lieutenant Com- 
pany "B" 40th Alabama Infantry. September 25th, 
2Gth, 27th, 28th, 2!)th and 30th, doing picket duty on 
bay. Much rain. Went to Mobile on pass. W. L. 
Lipsey received notice of transfer to 7th Alabama 
Cavalry Company "D" vice A. W. Coward, to take 
effect from October 1st, 18G4. Capt. Willett sent up 
application for leave of absence, October 1st, 18G4, 
Saturday, doing picket on eastern shore, Capt, 
Lake volunteer aid of Gen, Liddell tho Inspector of 
Pickett Line, ('apt. Branson Chief of Picket. 
October 2nd, 18G4, ii-ave of absence to Capt. Willett 
for twenty days granted. Left this day for Blakely 
to go home. Arrived liiere at 0:00 p. m., October 
3rd, 18G4, Monday. Started home on h ave, arrived 
there October 5th at 12:00 noon. Found my family 
well. October Giii, 7th, 8th, 0th, loth, 11th, 12th, 
13th, 14th, 15th, IGth, 17th, 18th and 19th on leave at 
home. Spent the time pleasantly. Had while there 
three chills. Broke them. October 20th, Thursday, 
started back for command. Before Capt. Willett 
left camps received commission as Major of 40th 
Alabama. Bought horse at home and started back 
with him on 20tli in company with Wm. Wood. 
Brought wagon to Macon with box of provisions for 
self and clothing for Company "B" and self. Had 
no trouble on way with horse and arrived at Holly- 



85 



wood again October 22nd at noon six hours before 
leave expired. During absence everything went 
quietly on. Many of the command became sick with 
cliills and two died of congestion, Sims Company 
"C" and Brown Company "F." Capt. Latham pro- 
moted from 1st Lieutenant to captaincy of Company 
"B" 40th Alabama October 4th, 18G4, to take rank 
from May 5th, 18G4. Capt. Willett is now no longer 
Captain of Company "B" 40th Alabama. He has in 
the preceding pages given I;* short account of that 
Company and 40th Alabama since it entered thu ser- 
vice March 13th, 1862, and in retiring from the com- 
mand of the Company also ceases to make notes of 
the action of the Company. 
Hollywood, E. D. WILLETT. 

Eastern Shore, Major 4()th Alabama. 

Alabama. 



The foregoing pages were written by Captain E. 
D. Willett, but 'as stated by him just above, after 
ho was promoted Major of tiie 40t,ii Alabama, he 
retired from the .'command of Company B as Cap- 
tain, and ceased to make notes of tiie actions of 
that Company, as First Lieutenant James A. 
Latham, was promoted to the Captaincy of Com- 
pany B and on him devolved the duty.of continu- 
ing the narrative of that Company's movements 
and casualties. Capt. Latham, however, was killed 
at the battle of Bentonville, N, C and to show the 
further movements and actions of Company B and 
the 40th Alabama, recourse has been had to the 
diary of Rev. Juo H. Curry, now deceased, who was 
First Sergeant of Company B'^and'who also kept a 
diary. Sergeant Curry in his diary sa\s: 

"December 19, 18G4, Regiment remained here 
"(near Mobile) for about a month longer and was 



86 

"then ordeied to take steamer for Montgomery. 
"I joined command at Montgomery. January 7, 
"1805, Regiment took cars at Montgomery at 7 a. 
"m. and arrived at Augusta, Ga., at 4 p. m. on 
"tlie Stli. We marched across the Savannah river 
"and camped ahout three miles from Hamburg, on 
"the South Carolina side. January 9, 1805, at 7 a. m. 
"began the march across the country to Chester, S. 
''C, arriving there on the IGth. This march was 
"through a piney woods sectio^. The weather was 
"cold and disagreeable. We made large fires, mostly 
"pine wood, and much of it very rich, and when we 
"reached Chester we were smoked so black that we 
"looked more liktl Mexicans than white men. We 
"fared well as to good and wholesome food. No 
"State ever treated soldiers better than did South 
"Carolina. The people along the line of our march 
"were especially kind to us. Our march was through 
"a section of the country that had never been touched 
"before by the tramp of an army, hence they were in 
"a better condition to treat us well than those sec- 
"tions through which the army liad passed. Febru- 
"ary lU, 1805, we took the cars at 8 a. m. for Raleigh, 
"N. C, and after some delays and a perilous trip, 
"readied there at noon next day. We laid over here 
"for six hours, during which time some of our boys 
"discovered that there was some whiskey on the 
"platforni besiiles a considerable amount of meat^ 
"m(;ul, salt, etc. Tiiere wore guards stationed at 
"dilferent places on the platform, and it was noticed 
"the guards were sitting on the whiskey kegs, so it 
"was decided by our boys to make an effort to ascer- 
"tain and if possible to get a taste of the contents of 
"those kegs. By some means some of the boys pro- 
"cured an auger, crawled under the platform and 
"bored holes thi-ough the platform lloor and into the 
"kegs, and with buckets soon emptied a keg or two, 



St 



V 



*'and that two while the guard sat serenely on his 
"keg ! It was not long however until the boys who 
"were in the secret had their tongues loosed, and in 
"other ways disclosed the fact that they had found 
"something stronger than water to drink. But soon 
"the order came for us to leave Raleigh, and the 
"boys in liquor were dumped into the cars and were 
"soon asleep. After various delays we arrived at 
"Charlotte on the 23d of February. February 24. 
"18G5, at 8 a. m. we began the march to Smithfield, 
"reaching a camp in about two days. March 18, 
"ISGo, marched into the vicinity of Bentonville and 
"formed lines preparatory to battle. March 10, 18Go, 
"battle of Bentonville was fought in which Coufed- 
"erates were victorious. A considerable portion of 
"the day our men were wading in water knee deep, 
"Capt. James A Latham, of Company B was killed 
"and his body left on ground occupied by the Feder- 
"als. Our lines changed position during the battle 
"leaving his body behind. David Morrow, Wiley 
"Horton, Thos. Cameron and Sardine Hildretii, all 
"of Company B were wounded. David Morrow died 
"in an ambulance while being carried to field hospi- 
"tal. Wiley Horton had his leg amputated and died 
"in hospital at Charlotte. Sergeant Curry was sick 
"with chill on day before the battle and was not 
"able to keep in line. Capt. Latham gave him per- 
"mission to march out of ranks at will, in other words 
"travel as best he could. He could not keep up with 
"his command as he had to rest at intervals during 
"the day. When he came up with the army on the 
"morning of tiie 19th, he found that his regiment 
"was some distance from where he approached the 
"line. Being weak and not knowing whore his com- 
"mand was located, he joined a Company belonging 
"to the 51st Virginia and fought with them during 
"the day. At night, the battle over, Curry asked 



;.-■!' 



"the Commander of this Company to discharge him 
"that he miglit go in search of his own command. 
"The moon shone brightly, and traveling up the line 
"in a westerly direction among the wounded, dead 
"and dying, he at last came upon the ground that 
"had been occupied by his Company during the en- 
"gagement. He first found the dead body of Clar- 
"ence II, Ellerbe, Adjutant of the 40th Alabama, 
"whicii he canic near stepping upon as he stei)ped 
"over a log. He could hear the groans of wounded 
"men on every side, and going from one to another, 
"came at last upon David Morrow and Wiley Ilor- 
"ton, of Company B who were lying in a few feet 
"of each other in a low place, thickly set with un- 
"derbrush. Morrow shot in the body, Horton in the 
"leg. As they had fought in the water they were 
"wet to their hips and very cold. Their sufferings 
"were intense. Curry built a fire, dried their clothes 
"and administered to them during the night. During 
"this battle our flag with forty men was cut oif from 
"our regiment, got behind Federal lines, and the men 
"had to make their way to Releigh and return by rail. 
"The flag bearer tore the flag f rom ^tlie staff, took 
"down his pants, tied it round his leg and brought 
"it out all O. K. except the staff . Several days af- 
"ter the battle they came into camp with it flying 
"on a staff cut for the occasion. Such a sensation 
"was neyer produced in our command before — men 
"shouted, cried, kissed it, hugged it, etc., etc. 

"Soon after this battle General Joseph E. John- 
"ston began the work of re- organization and consol- 
"idation of the Army. The 19th and lOth Alabama 
"Regiments were consolidated. Colonel M. L. Wood 
"becoming Colonel, Col. E. S. Gulley Lieutenant- 
"Colonel, and Major E. 1). Willett becoming Major, 
"by appointment of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. Com- 
"pauies B and K were united and became Company 



89 

*'H, Capt. S. H. Sprott commander; Sergoant J. H. 
"Curry, the Orderly Serjjeant, was in command of 
"this Company for a time, then Lieutenant Monette 
"wasphiced in command, and after the re-organiza- 
"tion, Capt. Sprott. Not long after this we were or- 
"dered to the Yadkin river to guard a ford. Lee, of 
•'Virginia, had already surrendered, and great de- 
"moralization was manifest, especially among those 
"so near to their homes as the Carolinians. Not long 
"afterwards we were ordered to Salishury to drive 
"out the Federal Cavalry that had captured and 
"burned the town. Here we remained doing picket 
"duty until the day of our surrender, May 5, 18G5. 
"Thepapers wereallarranged for our capitulation and 
"we were to march liome in regular order, but after 
"the tirst day or two, every man was his own com- 
"mander and went his own way." 
Here Sergeant Curry's diary ends.