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Full text of "History of the counties of Gloucester, Salem, and Cumberland New Jersey, with biographical sketches of their prominent citizens"

Gc 

974.901 

GSlcus 

v.l 

158S37S 



REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 02250 7450 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 



http://www.archive.org/details/historyofcountie01cush 



U' 



HISTOEY 



cotjjstties of 



ix'Tr 



''LI 



I unijjjj.ii^ ill 

NEW JERSEY, 






jllMlli 



WITH 



BIOGEAPHICx^L SKETCHES 



OF THEIR 



PROMIi^EN-T CITIZENS. 



THOS. GUSHING, M.D. 



CHARLES E. SHEPPARD, ESQ. 



PHILADELPHIA: 

EVERTS A PECK. 

18 83. 



PRESS OF J. B. LIPPIN;0TT Si CO., PHILAOcLFHlA. 



.58837? 



PREFACE. 



In the preparation of this work every available source of information has been utilized. 
Books, pamphlets, and manuscripts in the libraries at Trenton, Newark, and Philadelphia have 
been consulted, records in the departments at Trenton and in the offices of the clerks in the 
difl'erent counties have been seareiied, the tiles of newspapers have been examined, and informa- 
tion has been obtained from individuals who had studietl the history of different localities. 

Acknowledgments are due to the clerks of the counties, and of the boards of freeholders, for 
access to tiie records in their offices, and to the editors of journals for the use of their files. 

Those who have contributed articles for this work, and whose names appear in connection 
with their articles, are Eev. J. Y. Burk, Indians of New Jei-sey ; J. Down Heritage, M.D., 
Geology of Southern Xew Jersey; J. Ingram, M.D., Meteorology of Southern New .Jersey; 
Belmont Perry, Esq., Bench and Bar of Gloucester County ; Luther F. Halsey, M.D., ]Medi<\il 
Profession of Gloucester County; "William Milligan, Gloucester County School System; W'allace 
McGeorge, M.D., Gloucester County Bible Society, and Gloucester County Sunday-School Asso- 
ciation; Rev. D. Thackara, Temperance in Gloucester County; Samuel Prior, Meadov/ Improve- 
ments in Salem County; ^Yilliam H. Reed, Agriculture in Salem County; Quiutou Giblxui, 
M.D., Medical Profession in Salem County; H. P. Davidson, Temperance in Salem County; 
and M. D. Dickinson, Salem County Sunday-School Association. 

Many others have contributed local articles and have freely given valuable informatio;!. 
While some errors of former historians have been corrected, there will doubtless be found others 
which, as in all similar cases, have eluded the closest vigilance of the compilers of tliis worlc : for 
these the indulgent charity of the critic is asked. 

The historian of Cumberland County, Charles E. Sheppard, desires to acknowledge liis 
indebtedness to the following publications : History of the ^ledical Men of Cumberland County, 
and Beasle/s History of Cape May, and to the authors of the various historical sketches of 
churches in the county which have been published ; and especially to acknowledge his indebtedness 
to the previous History of Cumberland County and the other publications of the late Hon. L. Q. 
C. Elmer, who sent for the writer immediately after he became engaged upon this work, and, 
unsolicited, extended to him permission to use any of his writings, to the fullest extent; to Mr. 
Robert B. Potter, whose valuable assistance and extensive information on the local history of the 
county has been a great help; to the pastors and other members of the various churches, and 
officers of societies, and to Dr. J. B. Potter, Col. W. E. Potter, :\Ir. George F. Xixon, .Tames 
H. Nixon, Esq., H. O. Xewcomb, Esq., Dr. Enoch Fithian, and the many others who have 
so willingly furnished information and assisted him in the preparation of the History of Cumber- 
land County. 

NOVEMBEB, 1883. 



-\/ - Qi;>.^. »s 



CONTENTS. 



CHAPTER I. 

PAGE 

Indians of New Jerskt. 

Their PrimitiTd ConJition— The Lenni Leuipes— Their rrimitive 
Condition, Character, and Habits— Their Kelics found in South- 
ern New Jersey 1 

CHAPTER II. 
FiR^T Discoveries and Sfttltuents (^n the Dfi^awaee Kiver. 
riacoTery by HenJrick Hudson— Visit hy Lord Delaware— E.'i- 
ploration by Cornelis Hendrickson and Cornelia Jacobstjn Mey 
— West India Company — Visit of De Vries 5 

CHAPTER III. 

Swedish RfciME. 
First Swedish Settlements — Early Swedish GoTernors — Difficulties 
with the Dutch — Conquest of the Swedes — Swedish Customs 6 

CHAPTER IV. 

DctCH RtOIME. 

Commerce of the Dutch on the Delaware— Dutch Governors- 
Policy of the Dutch toward the Swedes— Condition under Dutch 
Rule 9 

CHAPTER V. 

EAKLT SETTEE31CNTS AND FINAL CONQUEST BY THE ENGLISH. 

Early Claims by the English- Royal Grants— Xaw Haven Colony- 
Sir Edmund Ployden's Grant— Trouble with the Dutch— Their 
Conquest by the English 10 

CHAPTER \I. 
English R£.qime. 
Early Condition of the People — First Proprietary Government — 
Difficulties au.ong the Proprietors— IntUix of Quakers— Difficul- 
ties with the Governors of New York— Extensions of Settlements 
—.Surrender of the Proprietary Governm«int— Cunflicts with 
Koyal Governors— French and Indian War 14 

CHAPTER VII. 
Revolutionary History of Soltheen New Jersey. 

Battle of Red Bank 23 

CHAPTER Vlir. 
Revolutionary History— (Ccm/i/iueifl. 
Operations in Salem and Cumberland Counties— ASfair at Quinton's 
Bridge— Massacre at Hancock's Bridge 23 

CHAPTER IX. 

Revolution AEV History— i. Con/, ftue^;. 
Minor Operations in Gloucester County— Near Gioucester^At Esg 
Harbor— At Waterford— At Haddonlield 33 

CHAPTER X. 

Revolutionary Uistohv— i Continue), 
Troops furnibbed by Gloucester, Salem, and Cumberland Conntiea 
—Continental Tn^ps— Lieutenant E. Elmer's Company— SUte 
Troops- 3I;l:tia—Revolutioattry Soldiers' Lists 36 



f CHAPTER XI. 

PAGE 

I Wab of 1812 AND Mexican War 52 

J CHAPTER XII. 

, Gloccestee, Salem, and Ccmberund Counties in the War of the 

j Rebellion. 

! Part taken by the Counties — Three Months* Troops — First Brigade, 

' First, Second, Third, and Fourth Regiments— Lists of Soldiers... 53 

i CHAPTER XIII. 

I Civil War- (Ctonfinued). 

j Fifth, Sijith, and Seventh Regiments— Lists 31 

I CHAPTER XIV. 

1 Civil War— (Co)i(iiiu.>ii). 

I Xinth Regiment— Tenth Regiment- Lists 67 

I 

I CHAPTER XV. 

I 

I Civil Vf is.— (Continued). 

I Twelfth Regiment— Lists — T3 

1 

CHAPTER XVI. 

Civil War — (Continw d ) 
First Cavalry, Sixteenth Regiment— Twenty fourth Regiment— 
Twenty-fifth Regiment— Lists - - 80 

CHAPTER XVII. 
Civil War— <rch,'mueii). 
Twenty.«ighth Regiment — Second Cavalry, Thirty-second Refi- 
ment — Lists ^^ 

CHAPTER XVIII. 
' Civil War— (Coiid'imed). 
I Thirty-fourth Regiment— Third Cavalry, Thirty-siith Regiment- 
Lists - ^^ 

j CHAPTER XIX. 

I Civil War— <Ci>nJiiiu.-<f). 

I Thirty-seventh Regiment— Thirty-eighth Regiment— Volunieeis 

in other Organizations — Lists - "^ 

I CHAPTER XX. 

' Sixth Regime.nt National Guard, N.J... S7 

CHAPTER XXI. 
Railroads in Southern New Jer.set. 
West Jersey Railroad— Millville and Glassboro— Salem— Cape May 
and Millville— Swedestwro— Delaware River— New Jersey S. jti,- 
em— Cumberland and Maurice River- West Jersey and Atlantic 
City 9' 

CHAPTER XXII. 

Geology op Southern New Jersey ^<* 

CHAPTER XXIII. 
OF SoCTHEEN New Jersey- - 1*^1 



CONTENTS. 



nisToiiY or «;i,<)rcKSTKR coi ntv. 

CIIAriER XXIV. 



Oko 



ZATION AND 



PlV 



; County. 



Organizaliou— Constitution of tlie County— E;irly .X.lministration 
of Affuira— C<junty Rwogniz.Hi— Ee- HarVir .\nu.'X.-d— .Ml^mtic 
County Krected— Attom|itf.i Removal of County-SwU— Camden 
County Erected— Townahips IncorponiIo<l— WiLshiugton and 
Monroe Restored — Oeotrraphy and Topography — New Townships 
—Population— Liinii Titles 

CHAPTER XXV. 
Earlv I>oi.ng5 of the Countt Authorities. 
Extracts from Court Records— First Court— Question of Jurisdic- 
tion—First Tax— Early Ferries— Weights and 5Ie,a^ure3 Regu- 
lated-Foreigners, Vagrants, Servants— First Capital Crime- 
Marriages and Births— Misc'-llaiieoui Exiracts from Records- 
Justices and Freeliolders— ShenlTs' Fees— Importation of Pau- 
pers—Hotel Prices Prescribed- Boundaries Regulated 



.. 107 '■ 

CHAPTER XXVI. j 

Roads and Boidges. [ 

Old King's Highway— Action of Cx^urt concerning Roads and 
Bridges — Turnpikes 112 

CHAPTER XXVII. 

Public Buildings. 
Firet County Prison-Second Prison and First Court-HouBfr— Sec- 
ond Court-House and Jail— First Stocks and Wliipping-Post— 
Public Buildings Improved— Court-House and Jail Burned- 
Location and Erection of Present Court-House — Present Jail- 
Clerks' and Surrogates' Offices— First Almshouse— Purchase of 
County Farm and Erection of Present Almshouse 114 



CHAPTER XXVIII. 
Politicians and Soldieks, and Civil List of Oi 

CHAPTER XXIX. 
Bench .vnd Dac. 
Jodges-Attorueys— Lists of Judicial Officers 



C.LOUCESTEE.- 119 



CHAPTER SXX. 

Medical Profession. 
Medical Societies— Personal Reminiscences of Physi 

CHAPTER XXXI. 

Rebellion History of Gloucester C 
Action of Freeholders— Soldiers' Monument 



CHAPTER XXXII. 

Pbe&s in Gloucester County 155 

CHAPTER XXXIII. 

Gloucester County School SY.srE.M. 
Eariy Schools— Growth of School System— History and Present 

iu the County 156 



CHAPTER XXXVII. 
I City of Woodbury. i 

i Eariy History— \Vo.>dburT in the Wars of 17T6 and 1S12— Wood- 
I Lury in ISlO-Ploneer Dwellings— Balcony House— Incorporate.! 
as a Borough— .\s a City— City Officers— Fo.-.-IJunting Club— Li- 
' brary Company- Whirligig .-iociety- Secret .Socieliea— Loan .As- 
sociation-Real Estate Mutual Loan A.-sucialion— K.-iilroad3— 
Vooilbury .\caiiemy—Churchos— North Woodbury Seminari-— 
Industries — Green's New Factory — Green's|rianiug-Mi!l— Sland- 
[ ard Window-Glass Works— Woodbury Glass-Works- Fruit-Can- 
uiufl^ House — WoodUurj- in ISSo 

CHAPTER XXXV [II. 
Township of Deutford. 
Geographical and Descriptive— Pioneur Settlers— Pioneer Records 
—Villages and Hamlets- Almonesson- Methodist Episcopal 
Church of Almonesson— Westville— Methodist Protestant 
Charch of WestviUe—Wenonah— Presbyterian Church of We- 
Donah — Methodist Episcopal Cliurcli of Weuouah 

CHAPTER XXXIX. 

Township of East Grelnwich. 

Geography and Topography— Pioueer Settlers and Koads— Land 

Titles— Civil List- Villages and Hanilets-Clarksboro— Pioneer 

Land-Owners at Clarksboro—Mickleton— Berkeley —Churches— 

Eglington Cemetery 

CHAPTER XL. 

Township of Franklin. 
Geographical and Descriptive— Pioneer Settlements—Civil Organ- 
ization—List of Officers— Extracts f:om liecords- Villages and 
Hamlets— Societies— Churches— Industries, Malaga Gla.S3-:3Ianu- 
facturing Company 

CHAPTER XI.I. 
Township of Glasst.oro. 
Incorporation — Geographical and Descriptive— Pioneer Settlement 
— CiTil List— Societies — Churches — CemeUries — loduotrijs, 
Whitney Glass-Works— Temperaoceville Giass-Works 

CHAPTER XLII. 
Township of GBEKNvvirH. 
Geographical and Descriptive— Pioneer Diseases— Pioneer L'^lstoms 
—Stock, Grain, and Fruit, and other Notes of Pioneer Life- 
Civil List— Villages and Hamlets— raulsbori^-Gibbstown-iiil- 
lingsport-Societies— Churches— Methodist Episcopal Cemetery, ; 

CHAPTER XLIII. 

Township of Habris:'.v. 

3— Early Settlers— Civil Oiganiz.ition 



Geographical and De 

-Township Officeis— Villages and llaiulefc 
ferson- Ewansville — Five Points— Harriso 
6o — Societies— Ecclesiastical 



-Muliica 
■n the Wi 



Hill- ,Fe( 
ir iflSol 



Condition of Schools in Different Localitit 



CHAPTER XXXIV. 
Religious Associations. 
Gloucester County Bible Society— Gloucester County Sunday- 
-New Jersey Conference Camp Meeting As- 



CHAPTER XLIV. 
Township op Logan. 
Geography and Topography- Landing-Place of the Swedish Set- 
tlers— Eariy Settlers and Pioneer Incidents— Pioneer .-poite— 
er'slsland— I'ioneer Tradeand Commerce— First iVisun 
Weddings — Sexagenarians— Civil Orgauization- First 
Town-Meeting— Villages and Hamlets — Bridgeport— Repaupo- 



Cadu 



School Asso 
Bociatiu 



Churches.. 



161 



CHAPTER XXXV. 

Tempebance in Gloucester County. 

Temperance Societies— County Temperance Alliance 164 

CHAPTER XXXVI. 

Miscellaneous Matters. 
Old Names of Creeks-Trial of Singleton Mercer-Manumission of 
BI»»e»— Kepaupo Meadow Company— Population 166 



CHAPTER XLV. 
Township of Manti a. 
GeographicalandDescriptive- PioneerSettlers— iMrstTc 
ing— Township Officers— Vill.ages—Maiitua-Barnsbo 
ties- Churches 



Geographical and Desci 
dents — In, Out, and In Gloucester O 



CHAPTER XLVI. 
Township op 3IijNR0E. 
riptive — Earlv Settb=rs and Pi. 



CONTENTS. 



kuni— Civil Oipiniaition—TownsliiiiOllioors—VilI.-.fi>a and H&m- 
lpj^_Winiam^towu — Cross-Keys — Hn^jkl\n — Ecclesiastical — 
r»meterie3— bocietiM— Inauslries— Willisaistown Glass- Works 
—J. V. Sharp Canning Company 

CIIAPTKK XLVII. 
Township of South H^RRlso^. 
Cwgraphical and Topographical— Civil Organization— Villages— 
Ilarrisonville — Fairview — Lincoln — Churches 

CHAPTER XLVIIL 
Township of WA,<aiN0T0X. 
r.K'graphical and Ijescriptive— Early Settlors and Pioneer Inci- 
deuti-Civil List— Villages and Hamleia— Turnersville— Hurff- 
Tille— Churches — Cemeteries - 

CHAPTER XLIX. 
Towxsuip or 'West Dr.rTroRD. 
Descriptive— Early Settlers and Pioneer Incidents— Orpinization 
— rirst Town-Meetiug— Townshp Officers— Villages and Ham- 
lets-Red Bank— Thoroughfare— St. Paul's Itelhodist Episcopal 
iTiurch- Drain-Tile and Brick Works. 

CHAPTER L. 
Township of Woolwich. 
Geographical Description— Topography — Roads — Soil and Agri- 
cnlture— Industries- O'd Families— Old Documents— Political 
and Civil— Township Offlcers— Retelliou Uistory— Villages and 
Hamlets — Swedesboro — Cootstown — Gronnd-Kents— Schools — 
pnWic School in Swedesboro — Ecclesiastical— Cemeteries— Hills 
— Manufactories — Swedesboro National Rank — Lodges and So- 



etiea.. 



CHAPTER LI. 
Township of Clatton. 
Erection, Boundary, Population, and Valuation- Topography,Soil, 



and Industries— Villages- 
Glass- Works— Fisler A Mor 
—Old Settlers and Familie: 



1— Sloore Brothers' 
Glass-Works— Churches— Schools 



HISTORV OF SALE.M COUNTY. 

CHAPTER LII. 
Settlement and Settlep.s. 
Early Settlements — Settlement by the English — Settlement by the 
Quakers — Pioneer Settlers 316 

CHAPTER Liri. 

Political Histoet, Oroanization, and Si:b3Evuent Changes of 

bocndaeies. 
Gloucester County Erected — Cape May County Set Off— Cumber- 
land County Incorporated — Townships — Population — Civil List.. 3'21 

CHAPTER LIV. 

Public Blildi.ngs, 
Conrt-Honse Acre Lot— Court-House- Jail— Clerk and Surrogate's 
Office — Almshouse 325 

CHAPTER LV. 
Extracts from Cocet Records 328 



CHAPTER LVI. 
Early Roads, Meadow Improvements, Navigation. 
Navigation on Oldman's Creek— On Alloways Creek- Ou Stow 
Creek— On Salem River— Denn's Canal— Penn's Neck Canal 

CHAPTER LVII. 

Markets and Faies, Boundaev Qdestion, Fi.shinc Biouts. 
Trade and Social Condition — Rangers 



CHAPTER LVIir. 

Agricultfre is Sai.km Coc?rrv. rj 

Mart— Eiriy Trade in .\gricu!tural Products— -Agricultural Statij- 
tios— Improved .Agricultural Iniplemonts— Stock Raising— Fair? 
-.Agricultural Societies — Exporls 

CHAPTER LIX. 
Bar of Salem Countt. 
Biographical Sketches of Attorneys — Lists of -Attorueys — Lists of 
Judges and Justices 

CHAPTER LX. 

MrjitCAL PROFESiioN OF Salem Ccuntt. 
Biographical Sketches of Physicians— List of Resident Physicians.. 

CHAPTER LXI. 
Salem Cocntt in the Civil War. 
First Volunteers— Johnson Guards- Home Guards— Action of 
Connty Authorities 

CHAPTER LXII. 
The Press, and Education in Salem County 

CHAPTER LXIII. 
Teaipeevnce in Salem County. 

Temperance Societies — Temperance Alliance „ 

CHAPTER LXIV. 
Socteties and Corporation?. 
Bible Society — Snnday-School Association — Saleni County Mutual 
Fire Insurance Company — Fanners' ^lutuai Fire Insurance 
Company of Salem (bounty 

CHAPTER LXV. 

City of Salem. 
Situation and Boundaries — Descriptive — Settlement and Settled — 
Organization and Incorporation— Early Officers— Incorr oration 
of the City— City Civil List— Growth and Population— Eiura- 
tional History— Saleni Library— Salem National Banking Com- 
pany— Salem B..ard of Trade- Merchants- Trades— Vessel 
Building — Early Manufactures — Tannery — Gia.-?3 Indtistry — 
Salem Transportation Ci^mpany — Oil-Cloth Works — Ice-CTeo^i 
Manufactory — Carriage ?Liking — Fruit-Canning and Ficltling 
Foundry- White Stone Mills— Fire Department and Fire Com- 
panies—Water Works— Physicians— Atlovneys-Religioua His- 
tory — Lodges, Societies, and Clubs— Lecture Hall— Hotels 

CHAPTER LXVI. 

Township of Elsinboeo. 
Geographical — Topographical and Statistical — Revolutionary His- 
tory — Organization — Civil List— Public Schools— Church Hi.s- 
tory — Industries 

CHAPTER LXVII. 
Township of Lower Alloways Creek. 
Geographical — Topographiciil and Statistical— Early Setllementand 
Original Purchasers — Organization — Civil List — Cemeteries — 
Villages and Hamlets- Hancock's Bridge— Harmersville— Can- 
ton — Public Schools — Ecclesiastical — Industrial 

CHAPTER LXVIII. 

TowSfJHiP OF Lower Penn's Neck. 
Situation and Boundaries — Descriptive — Original Purchases and 
Settlement— Organization — Civil List— Villages and Hamlets— 
Pennsville — Harri=on\ilie — Public Schools— Churches— Ceii.<^ 
tcries— Industrial Pursuits— Fort Delaware and Finn's Point 
Battery 

CHAPTER LXIX. 
TOWN.SHIP or Mannington. 
Situation and Boundaries — Descriptive— Settlement and Settle!!, — 
Organization— Civil Li=t—Industiial—FertiIizei-s— Villages and 
Hamlets— Mannington IIill— Welchville— Ualltown— Mariloro 
—ClayBVilie— Acton ;tatiou— Public Schools— The Treadway 
Murder — A 3Iastudoii — Cemeteries — Religious 



CONTENTS. 



CHAPTER LXX. 

Township of Oldjian's. 

Goopi-HphicAl— P.'srriptiTf and Stntistical— Sett!f?nieiit .in<i Settle 

—OrgaDllation— Civil List— Vi;i;igcs an.l Hiinilets— Pf^lriikt o» 

— PeiJricklowiiSUitioii— I'crkintown— Five Poiuts— Industrial 

Church History — Cemeteries — Societies 



CHAPTER LXXI. 



Township or P 
Geogmphical— Descriptive — Settlemeni 
Organization anJ Civil List— riiblii 
oughofWoodstown— >l;lnnfactu^er3- 
— Stages— Riilronds— Edu,ation;il- 



r.nd Settlers— Poll List- 
Schools— I luhistrial— Bor- 
ilerchants— I'ublic-Uousea 
ucor|"iration— Fust Xa- 



tiooal Baukof Woodstown 
ville — Societies and Assoi 
tion— Pilesgrove l>airj- As: 



-Sliarptown — Yorketown— Kichmaa- 
ations- Pilesgrove Lil.rary Associa- 
jciation- Churches— Buriiil-Placeii.... 



Statistical- 
— Organi 
Churches 



CHAPTER LXXII. 
Township of Pittsgrovf. 
Geographical — Topographical — Sotllenient and Settlers — Organiza- 
tion and Civil List— Churches— Bnrial.pi.ices-Educational— 
Villages and Hamlets- Elmer — Ceiitretou — PaUtiue — Brad- 
way — Willow Grove — Industrial — Lodges and Societies 

CHAPTER LXXIII. 

Township of Quinton. 
joographical and Dt'Scriptive — Settlement and Settler 
ition— Civil List— Public Schools— Quinton's Bridge— 
-Quinton Glass- Works — Cemeteries - 

CHAPTER LXXIV. 
Township of Upper .^lloways Chefk. 
Geographical — Topographical and Statistical — Original Settlors and 
Settlements— Organization and Civil List— Churches— Villages 
and Hamlets— Alloway— Watson's Corners— Freasburg—Stuck- 
ingtown — Remsterville — Pentonville — Industrial — Cemeteries — 
Lodges 

CHAPTER LXXV. 

Township of Upper Penn's Neck. 
Geographical — Top<.'graphical and Sfcilistical — Organization — 
Township Officers— Public Schools— Churches— Penn's Grove 
Village — Industrial and Commercial — Lodges and Socieciea- 

CHAPTER LXXVr. 

Township of Upper Pittsgrove. 
Bitnation and Boundaries — Topography and Statistics — Early Land 
Purchases and Settlement- Civil List— Scli.iols— Cemeteries- 
Villages and Hamlets- Dareto«n— Whig Lane- Pole Tavern— 
Monroeville— Swing's Corners— Ecclesiastical— lu.iustrial 



CHAPTER LXXXI. 

Early History. p 

Eariy Names of Townshipi- First Court— TiiTes—T.ivorn Licenses 
— Ollicarsof the Precincts 

CHAPTER LXXXII. 

OaOANIZATION AND BOCXDARIES OF TRE CoUNTY. 

Early Action of the Board of FreeholJers-Directors of the BianJ. 
CHAPTER LXXXIII. 

COINTY BlILMSOS. 

Court-House — Second Court-House — Present Court-House — Firsl 
Jail— Second Jail— Third Jail— County dffices- Poc.r-House— 
Present Almshouse 

CHAPTER LXXXtV. 

Courts, Jvdges, and Jvstices. 
First Courts — Capital Crimes and Executions— Jud;;es of the Court 



of Con 



. Pleas— Jnsi 



i of the Peace 



CHAPTER LXXXV. 

Cumberland County in the Revolution. 

Destruction of Tea at Greenwich — Appointment and .\ct:on of 

Committees— E.xtracts from the Journal of E!)ene7.er timer— 

Men from Cumberland in the Army— Operations in Delaware 

Bay 

CHAPTER LXXXVI. 

CUMBERl.lND CorSTT IN THE War OF TIE EeBELUOX. 

Early Meetings and Formation of Companies — \c*ion of the B-^ard 
Action of the Townships— Supplementary List 



of Freeholde 

of Soldiers from the Countv 



CHAPTER LXXXVII. 
Bench and Bar. 
List of Attorneys in the Coonty— Biographical Notices of Judges 
and Attorneys 34^ 

CHAPTER Lxxxvnr. 

Medical Professio.v, 
Biographical Sketches of Physicians— Cnmberland County Medical 
Society— List of Physicians 355 

CHAPTER LXXXIX. 

Agriculture. 
Primitive Farming— Improved Methods in Agriculture- Cumber- 
land County Agricultural and Horticultural Societv o73 



Civil Lii 



UISTOKV OF CL-MIIEUL.VND COINTY. 

CHAPTER LXXyil. 
Description. 
Streams— Marshes— Soil and Productions- L.nd Titles 



CHAPTER XC. 
Statistics 



498 



CHAPTER LXXVIII. | 

SOETETS.. - 502 

i 

CHAPTER LXXIX. j 

Early SEmERs. j 

Uncertainty concerning Pioneers— English from .-^alem— f.-lllera I 

In Greenwich— Settlers from Wales— From Fairli.dd. C,.nn.— ! 

From Southampton, L. I.— Settlers at Ilrnlgetoo— Swede* on | 

Maurice Biver 610 | 

CHAPTER LXXX. I 

B0AD8. 

Btreams and Paths— First nighways— Ovi^rseern First Appointed— j 

Eoad from Fairfield to Burlington— Other Uoads iI5 



CHAPTER XCI. 
City of Bridobton. 
Formation and Boundaries— Early History and Growth— Streets— 
-House — Post-Office — Sta-es — .■steamboats— 
,— G:is-Light 



Bridges — Cusl 

Presa — Eanks— Mutual Fire Insurance C. 

Company— Water- Works — Mills— City Ofiic 

Ecclesiastical — Lodges and Societies — Gouldtown I'e 

Sketches 






CHAPTER XCir. 

City of Millvim.e. 
Incorporation of the Town.hi,,-IncorrK,ration of the City-Mii:- 
ville Laid Out— Pioneer Houses- Early Industries— Growlli of 
the Town— Streets— Bridges— Poet-OlHces— Stages and Steam- 
boats— Press— Public Schools— Workiiigmcra Institute — Na- 
tional Bank-Fire Insurance Company-Gds-LigliVcompa.iv- 
Water Conipany_office.-s— City Hall- Ecclesiastical Historv— 
Manufactures— Millville Pond and Watei-Power— L^.ngley's 



Grist-Mil 



CONTENTS. 



CHAPTER XCIIl. 

Township of Commf.kiial. 

Iin-oir*'™''""— I'''*<^'^'P''""— '^'■"'>'""""'— ^''"i'S^-» i*"J Hamlets- 
M«iiricetown Biiilge— Lore'a Grist-M ill— Churches 

CHAPTER XCIV. 
Township of Pefkmeld. 
.>rf;anization and Description — ViUupes and llamlcu — Mills- 
I'hoeen Freeholders — Churches 



CHAPTER XCV. 
Township of Dowse. 
Incorporation — Soil — Settlement and Growth —Villnges — Egg 
Island— Dividing Creek Bridge— Mills— Freeholders— Churches.. 

CHAPTER XCVI. 
Township of Fairfield. 
Incorporation — Settlement— Soil— Villages— Mills— Woolen Fac- 
tory — Freeholders — Churches 

CHAPTER XCVII. 

Township of Gbeenwich. 

Boundaries^Town of Greenwich — Fairs — School Lot — Tr:ide — 
Ferry— Greenwich in 1S83— Hamlets— Sheppard's Grist-Mill— 
Freeholders — Churches 



CHAPTER XCVIII. 
Township or Hopewell. p 

Boundaries and Description- Villages— Shiloh— Boadstown— Bow. 
entown — Cohausey — Freeholders — Churches 

CHAPTER XCIX. 

Towns or L.txnis .\xd Bouoit.h of ViNtLiNn. 

Incorporation- Soil— Viiiehind Tract— Town of Vineland— i-jirly 
Purcha.sers and Pioneer Buildings— Eariy History — Growth— 
Landis-C.irruth Tragedy—Fruits— Freeholdera— Borough of 
Vineliud— Borough Orficers—Post-Office-Press— Public Schools 
— Library .Association — Historical and Antiquarian Society — Ag- 
ricultural and Horticultural Society— Gas-Light Company- 
Churches — Cemeteries — Secret Societies — National Bank — I^lan- 
ufaclures— Willow Grove— North Vineland— South Yinolaud 

CHAPTER C. 
Township of Maurice Rivee. 
Original Boundaries and Subsequent Changes — Name — Settlements 
— Villages and Hamlets — Port Elizabeth — Dorchester — Leesbiirg 
— Heislerville- Ewing's Neck— Bnckslwro— Belle Plain— Maua- 
mnskin — Manamuskin Manor — Schooner Landing — Freeholders 
— Churches 

CHAPTER CI. 
Township of Stow Creek. 



Boundaries — Soil a 
Mills— Freeholde 



al Features — Jericho 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 



AblKjtt, C.G 152 

Abbott, Samuel- 442 

Acton, R. M 415 

Allen, Ira 310 

Allen, A. Il 149 

Allen, S.A 347 

Armstrong, K. L _ 130 

Armstrong, It. L., Jr 137 

Archer, Benjamin 354 

Aslicraft, .1. H _ 143 

Atkinson, C. P 471 

Bacon, Le^^is TOO 

Bacon, William _ 567 

Barber, Henry _ 489 

Barton, George W 463 

Bateman, Epbraim _ 661 



Bate 



, llo 



Biiteman. R. M.. 

Batten, J. M 

BiivnrJ, Gejrge 
Becket, A. T. ... 

Beealey, T. E 

Black, D. R 



568 



311 

Blew, Lehman 623 

BloomlielJ, Joseph 547 

B.,(Jine, J. F _ 273 

Bond, Levi 557 

Bowen, Elijah 556 

Bowen, Elijah, Jr 550 

Bowen, Jnnatlian 69S 

Bowen, Willi^on S 568 

Bowen, Joseph A 725 

Braifshaw, Henry, Jr 155 

Brewster, F. G _ _ 600 

Brewster, Francis G 6-23 

Brewster, Ilcratius „ 558 

Brewster, Joseph 558 

Brick, J'jsbua 721 

Bright, B. T 62» 

Brooks, W. E 566 

Brunyate, William 649 

Buck, Ephraim 564 

Back, Henry, Jr 672 

Buck, John 614 

Buck, Joseph _ 613 

Buck, Robert S 697 

Buckingham, Henry 150 

Burchan, Richard 343 

Burgin Family, the 613 

Burgin, John 699 

Bnrt, Nathaniel C 072 

Bntclier, Joseph, Jr 662 

Buzby, B. F 15.J 

Carman, C. B „ _ 135 

Carpenter, T. P 131 

Can.eiiler. William 415 

Carter, B.F 128 

Chaiopneys, Benj^miin 639 

Chapman, Thunix^ 130 i Ewing 

Chalhair, B. 1 147 j Ewin- 

Chew. M. 31 279 I Fer-u, 

CUik, Claries 6(XI j Ferrel 



Clark, C. F i;^ 

Clark, H. C 147 

Clarkson, William 553 

Clawson, I.D 130 

Clawson, I. D 3.57 

Clawson, W. S _....". 3W 

Clymer, R. S _ 136 

Coles, Bartholomew 463 

Compton, Charles 65U 

Cook, Joseph 3.57 

Coombs, Saninel M „ 626 

Cooper, Isaac 152 

Cooper, K. 51 I2i 

Cotting, Elias 611 

Cox, Stephen, Sr 611 

Crane, I. W 33; 

Cutter, Freiierick 152 

Danzenbiker, T. F 702 

Dare, .\bel S 677 

Dale, James f.-..; 

Dale, William 62.i 

DuTenport, Franklin IsS 

Davis, EInathan _ 6M 

Davis, Is.iac, Jr 141 

Davis, J. Burton a^l 

Davis, JoimT T'^- 

Davis, Smith o7!^ 

Dayton, A. O 3!- 

Dedroff'.,E. E 15r 

Dick, Samuel 33;i 

Dickeson,A. M. P. V. H S-h- 

Dickeson, T. P :.57 

Dickinson, I. V 34;i 

Dilks, Andrew 290 

Doughty, Elias 532 

Dowdney, S. M 06" 

Dyer, John 556 

Eakin, A. L 315 

Ea^tlark, J. C _ 267 

Eastlack, S. A 267 

Egbert, Jacub ») 

EUett, H. T 341: 

Elmer, Daniel 12-" 

Elmer, Daniel ji'i 

Elmer, Daniel. Jr _ 673 

Elmer, EI.enezer 56! 



I Eln 



r, Eli 

T, Go'jrgp K..., 

r,Jamei E 

r, Jonathan... 
r, J"nathan... 

r, L. (J. C 

r, Tlieophilus, 
r, Timothv 



Elmer, William 5C 

Erwin, Benjamin 14 

Ewing, Cliarles 12 

Ewing, JLiskell Of 



Thomas 
William 
■ n, J. U.. 
, Thomas 



;;:: I 



BIOGRAPinCAL. 



I ,icr»ft, Alien 4t^ 

ruher. \V. C r--A 

y.iWT, B<-:!Jdniin 5i)7 



ri.ler. Jacul, ISl 

r..ler, J. T 14S 

(:,:er, L. F - 566 

Fi-lpr. S. F U7 

yilbUn, E. B - •.^■i 

lilhian, Enoch 56M 

rJtlii.*n, Uosea - o6'2 

fi'.lian, Joel 6S5 

Fitliian, Joel "25 

Fithian, Joseph — 14o 

Fitliian, P. V 6So 

Fllhian, Samuel - 6So 

Fithian, Rpuf»eu 72.5 

FiUliugh, J. R _ 3U 

Fort, J. H _ 137 

Foster, J. J 146 

F.1I, George - 656 

Fox, Samuel M _ 656 

Freemao, Jonathau « 615 

GaiidT, Jiimes G 662 

Gardner, D. R 152 

Gardner, W. A 151 

Garrison, C. G 150 

Garr.son, Charles 145 

Garrison, J. F 146 

Garrison, Joel 657 

Garrison, William 566 

Giblon, John „ 724 

Giles, James 551 

Gilln:an, John 147 

Gilman, Uriah 150 

Glover, Thomas 1S6 

Greeu, G. G 186 

O'een, L. M _ 1S4 

Haines, William 212 

Haley, B. F 651 

Hall, G. r „ 6S9 

Halsey, L. F „.. 146 

Halrej, L. 31 150 

Hampton, I. H 565 

Hampton, J. G 5=2 

Hampton, John P 557 

Hannah, Charles 35.5 

Hannah, J. M 347 

Uarker, C. G „ _.. 154 

Harris, Isaac « 354 

Harris, Samuel « 55,^ 

Harris, T. U 502 

Harrison, J. B._ 131 

Harrison, Josiah— 343 

Harslej-, Ralph '. 556 

lleisler, Andrew 722 

Hepner, Jacob « 7a3 

H-ritage, J. D 149 

H'ritage, P.S 149 

Hrrnian, A. V._ 149 

H.,»itt, G. H _ 135 

Hitchner, R. M 471 

»'"i, Charles „ 551 



H« 



14"; 



llornUower, J. C 126 

Howell, B. P _ 146 

ll'Oell, Ebenezer iil 

•l-irtll. J. B 154 

ell, Lewis 557 



II.. 



ard.. 



Hi 



Hunter, Andrew 6Si 

"' >'t, Jacob „ 351 

'I<il,l, Ueubeu CS; 

"uit, Thomas E - 6S; 

lliiiiler, Andrew, Jr 6«- 

il"rrr,T.W 29 



TACT 

lsz;i)d, Jacob » 152 

rsz.»rd, W. H „ 150 

Jackson. Winslow 152 

Jeffei^, W. X 344 

Jerrell, William 626 

Jessup, J. S _ _ 135 

Jesiup, West 1S3 

Johnson. James _ -556 

Johnson, J. U _ „ 155 

Johnson, R. _ 353 

Johnson, R. G 403 



Jones, Thomas 714 

Ke;ishej-, A. Q - 347 

Keasbey, E. (^ „ 355 

Keosby, J. B 130 

Kienzle, Jacob „ 623 

Kinsey, Jamas _ 34-3 

Kirby, J. C _ 25^ 

Ijld.l, W. W 155 

Lauing, Richard 676 

Lawrence, John 131 

Lawrence, N. 674 

Law reuce, Samuel 6.?6 



Laws, G. 
Leak, Sa 



342 



Ling, J. W... 
Loper, Willi. 
Lord, J. J 



Ludlara, J. W... 
Lumniis, Daytoi 
Lnnimis, Willia 
M.iccMlloch, F. 
Matlock. Le.ami 
JIatlock, R. K.. 



Maul, 



enja 



I F.. 



£67 



McBriJe, Lewis „ - 

McCalla,T. H 

McCalla, W. H 

McGeorge, Wallace 

McKelway, A. J 

Miller, Charles 

Miller, S. T 

Minch, Archibald _ 

Minch, Francis B ™ 

Moore, Ali-xander — 

More, Azariah _ 

Moore, James 

Moore, John P _ 

Moore, Jonathan __ 

Moore, Stmnel - 

Mmjre, William 134 

Morris, John H - 416 

Mulfoid, Isaac W „ 678 

Mulford, David P ~ 629 

Mnsgnive, J. F 152 

Newkirk, N'. R _ -. 565 

Nichols, Isaac T 590 

Nichols, Robert C 597 

Norris, E. C 154 

Ogden, Edo - 5.73 

Ogden, John _ 674 

Oliphant, E. T _ _ 150 

Osb.3rn, J. A - - - 155 

Packer, D. J _ - 1S7 

Parker, B. W 564 

Parvin, Holmes 560 

Parvin, J. B - 561 

Parker, Joel _ '-7 

Parrin, Silas _ 616 

Patterson, Robert 610 

Paulding, M. J _ 15J 

Peck, Benjamin _ — • 557 

Peck, T. W „ oW 

Pedrick, J. R _ 155 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 



Perry, BWniont - 13."> 

Perry, Samuel « 6-4 

Pler^n, Azel _ 5o.S 

Pienson, D C otH 

Piersoli, Josepli 137 

Piersou, Joaeph VnS 

Porter, E. M 5M 

Potter, I):ivid 6!C 

Potter, James B 626 

Potter, SlR-liael _ -ITU 

Potter, Wilhiim 617 



Poth 



. Wi 



W3 



Potta, S. G 120 

R.inil«, John _ _ 243 

Itliitho, William.- 205 

lUms-iy, William 675 

BeaJ, CImrles 61S 

Reeve, Mark 6S6 

Eeevee. J. J 554 

Keevea, Thomas..- 151 

Repp, John 2.32 

Richman, Is-iiah W 7W 

Roberts, M. H _... 155 

Robeson, .*.. L _ S3 

Roe, J. B _ „ 151 

Rulon, C. A „ _ 311 

Saliffuury, Samuel 242 

Sano.lera, T. J 146 

Seeley, Ebenezer _ 619 

Seeley, Eph.'aim 618 

Seeley, E. P - 649 

Sharp, Daniel _ 630 

Sharp, George S - 250 

Sharp, John 651 

Sharp, John L 644 

Sharji, J. S. T 356 

Sharp, Lorenzo „ 701 

Sheppanl, Daniel 51 690 

Shepj.iU-d. Philip G 692 

SheppirJ. Robert „., 61? 

Sbeppard, Robert F _ „ _.. 67s 

ShepparJ.C. Henry 720 

Sheppard, Edward H 727 

Shlnn. W. J 344 

Ehive.-5, Elgar - 137 

Shoemak"r, John 14S 

Shute. S. 31 „ 559 

Shute, William 266 

Sickler, J. B „ _ 12S 

Sickler, John R „ 146 

Sickler, jMeph T 134 

SinnicksoD, Thomas _ 405 

Skill, C. W 155 

Smith, A. A „ „..._ _ 148 

Smith, Charles P 4C16 

Smith, T. i _ 347 

Smith, Tujmas S 349 

Sooy, S.iniuelT 266 

Spratt, George _ 5C6 

Stiimkich, 11. L _ _ 152 

Stanger, S. F _ 150 

Starr, John „ l;;4 

Steeling, William 5M 

Strattam, E. S _ I:i5 

Stratlam, J. H _ I5.5 

Stmtton, Daniel 4l:i 

Strutton, Daniel P _ _... d.20 



PACE 

Stratton, Nathan L 6'i 

Sturdivant, Thomas _ 67,; 

Suing, Charlei _ _ 35; 

Swing, Ch.arles _ U!t 

Syiiott. ilarlin 1=1 

Synott, Miles _ l;v, 

Thackara. Thomas _ 12: 

Thompson, Hedge _ '.K 

Thompson, J. S 11! 

Thomps.>u. B. P 34C 

Trenchard, Albert _ I5. 

Trenchard. James H „ 621 

Trenchard, John _ f.75 

Tuft, John B 3.-.« 

Turner, E. K 201 

Turner, J. P 2<i7 

Tunier, John C - Jo] 

Turner, W. H „ US 

Turner, Joseph 2Xi 

Turner, T. B 150 

Tyler, John _ 41T 

Van Hook, B 5« 

Van Hook, L 56J 

Van Meter. Edward _ 3+j 

Vau Meter, James _ - 354 

Van Meter, R. H - .354 

Vannem.an, W. S - MT 

Voorhees, N. W _ 137 

Wales, E. L. B i-'^ 

Ward, Samuel 5;5 

Ware, H. B i''. 

Ware, J. B li> 

Ware, R M _ 133 

Wiitson, U. P 6H 

Watson, J. M 12^ 

Watson, Samuel 5*9 

Weatherby, I. Hurff 3U 

Weathetby, J. C _.. l.M 

Westcott, r. F 552 

Westcott, J. D fi-'i 

Westcott, J. D., Jr 552 

Westcott, Jehiel 077 

Whelpley, E. W IJC 

Whitacar, Richard 07 -i 

■Whitaker, Ephraim l,7S 

WTiitekar, D. B _ Mi 

White, J. M r>" 

White, John M 55' 

Whiting, Abijah 2*i 

Whitney, S. -^ _ 2"! 

Wiley, Elijah _ 147 

Wiley, George - 147 

Wilkins, Hiram _ _ _ 2Ji 

Willetts, Reuben _ .'.64 

Wistar, Caspar ii\ 

Wood, John S 2»J 

Wood, Richard ^..••7 

Woodhull, G. S 127 

Wootlruff, C. P _ _ 55: 

W.x>dmff, E. D „ r.n 

Woodraff, Israel 7"1 

Woodruff, Lewis - V'7 

Woolman, Reuben „ 47'i 

Yarrow, Thomas _ X-- 

Yarrow, T. J 3-V, 

Yorke, Thomas Jones 414 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



PAGE 

^l.Uitt, Samnel f:icing 442 

\, uni, R. M - " 4Irt 

MWn, Ira " 310 

liki.ison, C. P " 471 

lUmn, Lewis between "IXI, 701 

Ilirl*r, Henry facing 4S9 

r.irlon, George W " 463 

I'.ilten.J M •' 4t;4 

R'.i rk, D. R - between 310,311 

i:;!*. Lehman facing &2i 

Upline, J. F " 27S 

B.,»en, Williiim S between 508, 369 

RjKcn, Josepb A facing 726 

Br-'w^ier, Fi^ncis G " 622 

Bnglit, B. T " 628 

Uninyate, William 649 

Huct, Robert S facing oUS 

Putcher, J.Meph, Jr 663 

'irpenter, William facing 415 

riiew,M.M " 279 

Ua».wn, I. D " 356 

Cults, Bartholomew " 462 

Comptou, Charles " 6.50 

r<^k, Joseph _ •' 357 

Coombs, Samuel M between 626, 627 

CoJ, Stephen, Sr facing C.;i 

rianzenliaker, T. F between 702, 70'. 

Pare, Abel S " 676, 677 

I'are, James 692 

Pare, William lacing 025 

IiaviJson, J. B between 650, 651 

Davis, J. Burton " 650, 651 

lK»Tis,John T_ " 702,703 

I>aTi3,Smith ■ " 678,670 

[•Ilka, Andrew " 290, 201 

■ ■■jofhty, Ellas facing .'lo.J 

Ea.?tlack, J. C between 2r,6, 267 

IX-llack, S. A facing 267 

Klmer, George E " 679 

Eluier, James E " 680 

Klmer, Jonathan " 629 

Elmer, L. Q. C " 550 

E»ing, William B :... oCo 

Fi-rEuson, J. B facing 5.S9 

Terrell, Thomas 51 " 232 

Eilhian, Enoch " .568 

E'lhian, Joseph '■ 145 

E.iliian, Joel " 724 

foliian, Reuben " 725 

Filzliugh, J R " 314 

Elaiiagin, James H iietween 628,629 

E'-x, George *' 656, 657 

f'X, Samuel M " 6.56,657 

'landy, James G 662 

'-arrison, Joel facing 0.57 

•Clover, Thomas between 186, 187 

Gr-veu, G. G facing 186 

"^reen.L. M " 184 

'"'^n. L. Jl., Resicltfuce of. " 185 

llalnes, WillUm " 212 

'!»ley,B. F between 650, 661 

"-1I.G. D faciusr 690 



PACE 

Harris, Thomas U facing P9:i 

Hepner, Jacob " 7if, 

Heritiiee, J. D " 149 

nitchner, R. JI between 470, 471 

Hunt. Reuben _ •• OSS, 6s9 

Hunt. Thomas E •' GS8, 689 

Hurff,T. W feriog oQi 

Jerrell, William " 626 

Jessup, West " 188 

Johnson, R. C " 35S 

Johnson, R. G " 403 

Jones, Thonuis " 714 

Kienzle, Jacob " 623 

Kirby, J. C " i:.59 

Lacing, Richard •* 670 

Lord, J. J '' 295 

Lore Homestead 050 

Slap facing 1 

Maul, Benjanii:] F _ " oai 

llcBride, Lewis between 630, 631 

Miller, Charlei " 690, 091 

Miller, S. T facing 147 

Minch, Arcliibalil '• 700 

Minch, Francis B 631 

5tinch. Francis B., Residence of facing 584 

Moore, John P '■ 413 

More, Jonas i Jtore 599 

Morris, John U between 410, 417 

Mulf ird. Is.aac W '• 678,679 

Miisgrave, J. F faciug 152 

Nichols, Is;«ac T " 390 

Nichols, Robert C " 597 

Old Stone Church 666 

Packer, D. J facing 1S7 

Perry, Belmont 136 

Perry, S.iinuel between 024, 025 

Potter, J.ini.- B facing 627 

Potter, Michael between 470, 471 

Potter, William E facing 5.-4 

Rambo, John " 243 

Rambo, William - " 296 

Reeves, J. J " 555 

Bichmau, Isaiah W , between 700, 7U1 

Robeson, A. L facing 83 

Rulon, C. A •' 311 

Salisbury, Samuel " 242 

Sharp, Daniel ■' 6.10 

Sharp, George S " 200 

Sharp, John *' 051 

Sharp, Lorenzo " 701 

Sheppard, Daniel 51 between 690,691 

Sheppard Homestead facing CS2 

Sheppard, Robert F " 678 

Sheppard, C. Henry " 727 

Sheppard, Edward U '• 727 

Shinn, W.J " 3+4 

Shute, William between 266,267 

Sinuickson, Thomas iariug 414 

Sinnieksou, Thomas, Jr., Residence of " 428 

Smith, A. A " 143 

Smith, Charles P " 406 

Sooy, S.iiiiuel T " • 266 

xiii 



ILLUSTKATIOXS. 



PAGE 

South Jersey InatiliUe _ facing Mi 

Stralton, r;ilii.-l •■ 412 

Stuidivaiit, Tli..maa ;,7,l 

Turner, E. K between Anl, 201 

Turner, John C •• 'AKl, -JOl 

Turner, Juset>h _ " -xjij, 2',)! 

Tnf'x-r.J. D dicing iCS 

T}ler,John " 417 

Van Meter, Edward " 34s 

Wales, E. L. B ■• 5^9 

W^re, U.D .. jsi 

Wat«on, II. P between 6SS, GS9 

Watson, Samuel •• 6S*I, 6S3 



Weatherl.T, I. Hnrff... 

Westcott, F. f 

Westcott, Jeliiel 

Whitall, Tatum iCo.. 

Whitekar, D. B 

Wliitney, S. A 

Wilkius, Hiram 

Wiatar, Casiwr 

Wood. John S 

Woodruff, Israel 

Woodrun. Lewis 

Woolman. Reuben 

Yorke, Thomai Jones.. 



..between .110. .Il; j 

. between GTO, or i 

facing CH i 

" «-l 

•• iliJ 



..between i90. 201 ' 
facing 7t I 



I HISTORY 

[ ^ OF • 

I GLOUCESTER, SALEM, AxXD CUMBERLAND 

I COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY. 



CHAPTER I. 

THE INDIANS OF NEW JERSEY.' 

If this chapter had been intended to be a contri- 
bution to tlie ethnology of North America, the writer 
would certainly have declined to undertake the task. 
The time has not yet come when a satisfactory ac- 
count of the aborigines of this country can be written. 
It is only very recently that anything like scientific 
investigation has been applied to this important sub- 
ject, and the earnest eilbrt and diligent labor which 
are now being bestowed upon it have as yet only re- 
vealed the breadth of the iield and the vast amount 
of research, comparison, and scientific reasoning 
which must be given to it before convincing and 
satisfactory conclusions can be reached. But the 
field is " white unto the harvest." Already enough 
it known to assure us of another triumph not unlike 
that achieved during the last century in geological 
science. Once it was sufficient for men to know 
something of the nature of the rocks beneath their 
feet. The race was too young to have any traditions 
of the life of the everl;isting hills ; no one dreamed 
of ascertaining facts and events in the history of the 
farth before a living man was tliere to see them, 
liut the mineralogy and biology of the present, well 
observed, gave the key to the investigation of the 
past; and practical science, through an amount of 
toilsome and patient study, of which men in general 
have no concejition, now tells the story of [irimeval 
"geswith greater accuracy than commonly belongs to 
the records of coeval historians. In the same way is 
'he history of the original inhabitants of North 
America being investigated. We might almost as 
'^ell be without the scanty records of the Europeans 
who first came in contact with them. There was so 



1 By ReT. J. Y. Burk. 



little human sympathy for them, so little interest in 
anything which did not yield material profit, — the 
contact itself so soon affected the original savagery, 
that we learn but little trustworthy from the first ex- 
plorers and settlers of our shores. We have practi- 
cally but two sources of reliable information. They 
are first, the remains of Indian life in the shape of 
weapons and domestic implements, which are sown 
more or less profusely over our fields and forests, and 
second, the observation of existing Indian life by 
trained and enthusiastic investigators. Until re- 
cently this second source of information was far from 
being satisfactory. He who now visits an Indian 
reservation in the West witnesses a transition life 
farther removed from its primitive condition than it 
is from modern civilization. He sees but little of 
what Lewis and Clark saw when they explored the 
Columbia River, of what Schoolcraft saw when he 
traversed the Missouri and Mississippi, or what 
Catlin saw when he made his home among the Man- 
dans, and even they were some removes from the 
purest types of aboriginal life. It was not until the 
more obscure r-ce-sses of the continent were explored, 
and its isolated tribes sought out, not until these 
people were approached as human beings by men 
like Cushing, who could win a way into their hearts 
and homes, and be content to be one with them in 
closest fellowship, that the study became promising of 
fruitful results. It will not be until after years of 
exact study of the remains, the dialects, the myths, 
the cu--toins, and the physical peculiarities of the 
various tribes, that there can be anything like a con- 
clusive science of American ethnology. ."Such study 
is being made by most competent men. The Smith- 
sonian Institution and the Peabody Museum are the 
centres of such investigations, and until these are 
further advanced it would be rash to deal with local 
i arcba-ology with too presumptuous cvmiidi-nce. 

1 



niSTOKY OF GLOUCKSTKR. SALEM, AND Cr.MBERLAXL) COT'NTIH; 



The first settlers in New Jersey, and esiiociallv in 
that part known :i,s West Jersey, Aiund tliere a very 
numerous population ol" Indians. This is not a mat- 
ter of wonder. There is scarcely a portion of the At- 
lantic coast so favorable to the exigencies of primitive 
life in the stone age. (Xo disparagement intended as to 
the highest civilization.) The ocean ou the one side, a 
mighty river ou the other, hardly more than two days 
journey apart at the farthest, intersected by numerous 
streani> swarming with tish, with a soil readily absorb- 
ing rain and easily cultivated by the imperfect tools 
of the savage, with forests and swamps, even now 
classed by botanists as southern rather than northern, 
and therefore abounding in game and fruit, with a 
drift formation furnishing every choice of jiebble fur 
working stone implements and the choicest clay for 
primitive pottery, We>t Jersey was not only the home 
of a larger population of Indians than perhajjs any sim- 



the Natches the southern part. The traditions of u 
concurred in their having liad a different origin, :mi . 
of having reached the Atlantic coast by migrati.n 
from the West. Just ;\.s in Ohio and other \Ve<ter:, 
States tliere are numerous reinains of forts and vi;. 
lages, the construction of which indicates a people .,; 
entirely dill'erent habits from those of either of tli">, 
families; so among the stone weapons of our nwi. 
State there is almost certain evidence of the relics (.; 
an earlier people than the Delawares. .So well marki.i 
is this distinction that collectors designate one arrow- 
head as a pal'iiilitli (old stone), and another neo/ili, 
new stone), although both may be made of precisely 
the same material. The paheoliths include certai:: 
chijiped stones, called, from their appearance, ''tur- 
tle-backs," for which no certain use is known, ami 
which were probably not a part of a Delaware's oiit- 
lit. The arrows, spears, etc., of this class have th'^ 



ilar area in the Middle States, but was most largely rudest possible outline, their variety of shape is very 



visited by those who lived elsewhere. Many of the 
Pennsylvania clans were in the habit of making an- 
nual visits to the sea-shore along well-known trails 
across the State. There they inay have enjoyed sea- 
bathing and social dissipations, but their chief object 
was to procure fish, oysters, and clams for drying as 
winter food, and partly for making and getting money. 
The celebrated wampum consisted of beads made out 
of the shells of the large clam found abundantly upon 
our coast. The larger and white part of the shell was 
drilled and ground into a cylindrical bead, which bore 
the same relation to their currency as our silver, the 
small blue portion, made into beads, corresponding 
with our gold. They were not strictly bi-metalists 
but bi-conchists in their financial economy. There 
is no record of any serious difficulty in adjusting the 
rehitive value of the white and blue strings of beads, 
but all alike suflered some depreciation in the later 
years of Indian residence, for a certain Jacob Spicer, 
a sort of Cape May country storekeeper and trader, 
set all the country people along the ^hore to making 



little compared with that of the later weapons, anii 
they generally indicate not so much the want o: 
ability to give any desired shape to the stone as a 
want of artistic perception and an iuditiereuce to the 
appearance and better qualities of the weapon. They 
were probably the remains of a people who had dis- 
appeared from these coasts before the advent of the 
Delawares. If they had been conquered and e;;- 
pelled by the latter, we may be sure that tradition- 
would have boasted of the victory rather than tha( 
such a name as " original people" should have been 
assumed. It has been suggested that the Eskimo 
once lived here at the end of the Ice Age, and have 
followed the northward retreating ice-belt until they 
reached their present location. Certainly the de- 
scription given by the Norse discoverers of the conti- 
nent of the "Skriellings" corresponds better with the 
Eskimo than with any of our Indirin tribes, but thi> 
would make their migration far too late to accord 
with the former theory. But whoever preceded theui 
it is certain that the Lenn.i-Lenape were not the 



wampum during the winter, with the mean advan- original people of the country, and it is probable 



tage of civilized tools, which he took from them in 
exchange for goods, and then paid it for pelts to the 
Five Nations on the Hudson River. 

These Indians were known as the Lenni-Lenape 
(original people). The very name suggests a false- 
hood. What would ever induce such a boast as it 
implies except the existence of a doubt or contradic- 
tion? And, ;us we shall see when we come to discuss 
the remains found throughout the State, there are 
Tvitne.sses in the very stones to the ])robable exist- 



that their existence in New Jersey did not antedato 
the arrival of the whites by more than a very few 
centuries. 

The Lenni-Lenapes were really a noble people. Too 
much of the judgment which has been formed about 
them and other Indians has been based upon obser- 
vations of them in the transitional and worst ])ha--e.- 
of their national life. Destroy the original metho'i- 
of Indian life, change all his natural surroundinc-. 
debauch him with all the vices of the whites, rob iiim 



ence of an entirely different people anterior to the on the one hand and pamper him with the otln 



Delawares. According to Heckewelder, a devoted 
Moravian missionary, who gathered his information 
from the Indians, whose language he perfectly under- 
stood, there were three distinct families of aborigines 
in North America east of the Mississippi. The Iro- 
quois, often called the Six Nations, occupied the 



cheat and insult him, and then by sheer force over- 
awe him, and he would not be human if he did n"! 
display the worst vices of liis nature and ours. Lei 
him remain an Indian pure and sim])le in his --av- 
agery, or else convert him into and treat him as a 
civilized Christian, and in either ca.;e you will have 



northern part, the Lenni-Lenape the middle, and i one who need not fear comparison with other races 



GENi:ilAL IIISTOKY. 



lo ruin first and tlieii to <:!(.':<cril)e and judge has 
, ^■u 1(10 much the nietliod used witli the Itidi;in. Tf 
«, turn to the reeords of those who laiue in con- 
i.u't "'th tliem at the very earliest, and above all 
,,i' ihi- missionaries who approached tliem as t'riends. 
«o shall learn something near the truth in regard to 
■Ju-ir orisrinal character. Tlie Lenni-Lenape were a 
.;rong, vigorous, and brave nice. At the time of the 
.■ ttlement of the sb.ores of the Delaware they were 
,A.cupving a peeuliar position. By a singular strategy 
,.f the Iroquois they had been induced to become 
■■ women," that is, '" non-combatants," under treaty 
obligations which at the same time protected them 
from incursions, made tlicni a barrier against in- 
vading tribes, and placed them in the position of 
umpires in times of disturbance. To this is partly 
to be attributed the peaceful character which both 
swedes and English found when they settled among 
tliem. Their political life was simple and patri- 
archal. Its foundations were reverence for elders 
and respect for each other's rights. From earliest 
childhood these were inculcated and practiced, along 
with habits of activity, endurance, and courage. 
Their religion was the filial acknowledgment of a 
Great Father, and the belief in a future life of re- 
wards and punishments, to which were added many 
-uperstitions concerning evil spirits and occult forces 
in nature. The conspicuous traits in their character 
were a pride in their humanity, which gave dignity 
to speech and manners, a thoroughness in love and 
hatred, which led to extreme faithfulness and self- 
sacrifice in one, and implacable vindictiveuess in the 
other, and, in general, a singularly clear apprecia- 
tion of the virtues of truth and justice among them- 
selves. 

On the testimony of the Europeans themselves we 
gather that the Indians were from the first their friends, 
tliat when kindly treated they were capable of devoted 
and enduring friendships, that they were extremely 
'ensitive lo contempt and injury, and that in the fatal 
ditticulties which arose between tliem the Indians were 
not the aggressors. They had no written language. 
Important events were kept in memory by carefully- 
repeated traditions handed from generation to gener- 
ation with singular accuracy. Sometimes these events, 
or the terms of a treaty, or the memoranda of a mes- 
senger, were arbitrarily associated with particular 
arrangements of the beads of wampum (before men- 
tioned as money) embroidered on a belt, which was 
r>--ad by one who knew the memorial arrangement at 
'-ouncils. Their dress was chiefly made from the 
'kins of animals, which they were very expert in 
dressing into pliability and softness. They were very 
■ond of personal ornament. The feathers of birds, 
'he (juills of porcupines, the teeth of bears and panth- 
'■'■^, aholls, perforated stones, and paint made from 
"chreous clays served for their adornment. The latter 
v.as ground in small stone mortars with little pestles 
<'' the size cf a finger, and waa generally found in 



the warrior's pouch. Dilfereiit styles of painting were 
adopted for festival or I'or war, and tattooing with 
charcoal for permanent beautitying and fur inscribing 
the ■■ totem" or rcpre>entative animal or sign upon 
the individual. Their habitations were wigwams or 
tents macle of skins stretched over a conical frame of 
light poles, or of the hark of the hemlock which they 
split oil' in large sheets and soaked in water to render 
pliable. Their food was principally animal. The 
forests and swamps of Xew Jersey abounded in game 
of every description. Our statute books still orler 
bounties for the heads of wolves and catamounts, and 
the bear and deer are not even now altogether extinct. 
Our streams, then unpolluted, swarmed with tish ; 
they and the coast furnished oysters, clams, and mus- 
sels in abundance, and " Sclieyichbi'' was in Indian 
times as now the greatest food-producing region of 
the Atlantic coast. But their diet w;is by no means 
exclusively animal. Besides maize, pumpkins, and 
beans, which they cultivated rudely in little p;itches 
near their permanent homes, they were familiar with 
and ll^ed many of the wild roots, berries, and nuts 
which are now never thought of as food. There were 
no large granaries or storehouses, but each family 
made some provision of dried and smoked food for 
wintry or stormy weather, although in general they 
depended upon the hand-to-mouth principle, which is 
characteristic of savage life. They were almost en- 
tirely ignorant of the use of metals. About all that 
they ever possessed were flakes of natural copper from 
the lake regions which were occasionally found among 
them, generally rolled into little cylinders and strung 
as beads. Hence all the operations of life were con- 
ducted with implements of other material. Clay, 
wood, stone, shell, bone, and horn composed every 
tool or weapon which they possessed, and we may 
safely claim that they reached the highest pitch of 
civilization ever attained where these were the only 
resources for human instruments. Of these there re- 
main as relics of the departed race, after the lapse of 
over two centuries, only those which were made of 
stone and clay. As we examine them, which have 
been plowed up in enormous quantities and variety 
all over the State, but especially in these lower coun- 
ties, we read distinctly in them the mode of life of 
our predecessors here. We note the density of the 
population, encouraged by the natural advantages of 
the place. We detect the site of long-vanished vil- 
lages or of long-forgotten graveyards. We learn how 
they killed their game and fi:?h, how they fought their 
battles, how they ground their grain and boiled their 
meat, how they barked the trees and excavated their 
canoes, how they flayed and dre.ssed and sewed the 
skins of animals for house and clothing, how they 
speared and scaled their fish, how they adorned their 
persons and smoked their tobacco, how tenderly they 
buried their dead, — all these are lithographed in the 
stones which their fingers have shaped and their 
hands used, along with yet hidden secrete which per- 



HISTORY OF GLOUCESTER, SALEM, AND CUMBERLAND COUNTIES. 



haps further study and comparison may hereafter 
reveal. 

Let us examine a collection of such relics, and read 
in them the mode of life of their former owners. At 
once we discern two principal cla-sses into which they 
are divided. The (irst are stones, the .shape of which 
has been more or less modified by pecking, pounding, 
or grinding. A flat stone has a shallow cavity on its 
upper surface, and with this is an elongated pestle, 
and these constitute the mills of the Indians in which, 
according to size, corn and other food was pounded 
into meal or clay into paint. Oval and flattened 
natural stones have depressions on each side for 
thumb and finger, and on the circumference marks of 
bruising, and tln^se are hammers. Cylindrical or oval 
stones are found with a groove pecked out around 
the middle for the reception of a handle, the " poga- 
moggen" or war-club. Of the same form, but with 
the larger portion ground evenly to an edge, are the 
well-known Indian hatchets of innumerable variety 
in weight, form, and tinish. These axes were not 
used for chopping trees, for which they are totally 
unfit, but for barking them, and. after burning, for 
cutting away charred wood. They were also effec- 
tive weapons of war. .Smaller stones, of like shape, 
but without the groove for a handle, are called " celts" 
or chisels. When what we might call axes or pick- 
axes are found with a hole drilled for a handle, as in 
modern tools, they are always finely made and pol- 
ished, and never iutended for hard work. They have 
been called " banner stones," and are believed to 
have been badges of office. Thin", fiat stones of ob- 
long shape, with rounded ends and drilled in two or 
more places as if for cords, are supposed to have been 
ornaments for the breast. Stones with variously-sized 
grooves are found, which were adapted for finishing, 
as with sand-paper, the shafts of arrows, or for round- 
ing sinews into threads and bowstrings. And, lastly, 
the precious tobacco-pipe is found in all forms from 
the rudest to the most elaborate. <Jne. found in this 
county, represents a beautifully-carved tortoise. A 
deep cavity in the back is the bowl, and three pro- 
portions on either side of the shell would aduiit long 
reeds to radiate out to each of six sociable smokers 
squatted around it. 

The second class is that of chipped or flaked im- 
plements. In these the Indians exhibited their highest 
skill and most artistic taste. Every variety of mineral 
is brought into use, but the best were those which 
have a distinctly couchoidal fracture, such as jasper 
and chalcedony. The art of making them was in 
producing at will this conchoidal fracture, breaking 
off flakes of mineral, and leaving a series of larger 
or smaller concave surfaces over the formed imple- 
ment. Such tools show no signs of bruising or grind- 
ing on their edges. They are shar[), serrated slightlv 
on the edges, and thickened in the middle. The frac- 
tures vere produced by cunningly-directed pressure, 
not from stone or metal, but from a piece of hard wood 



or deer-horn, which, sligiitly yielding to the stono 
embraces an exposed edge, and iletermines the dirL-i-- 
tion of cleavage. The most familiar examples are thn 
"darts" or arrow-heads. Beginning with the size oi 
the little tiuger nail, we can arrange a beautiful series 
of leaf-shaped, triangular, stemmed, barbed, twisted 
serrated, and other forms, increasing in size until the 
, line is passed when they can be called arrow-heacU 
and they are evidently spears. These are generallv 
from five to eight inches in length, and of strong and 
effective proportions. There is one form, however, 
very common along our water-courses, not larger than 
some arrow-heads, but long and narrow, and evidently 
u.-.ed as a '"gig" for spearing fish. Next to the spear^ 
come the much larger and broader implements of 
similar make, which were spades or hoes accordius 
as they were lashed to a straight or bent handle. 
All arrows and spear-heads have a flat, chisel-like 
' end opposite to the point, and many were inserted 
into tlie split end of a shaft, which was then stronglv 
bound with green sinew, which contracted as it dried. 
Fish-scaling knives, scalping-kuives, and skinning- 
knives were made by the same process, the latter cu- 
I riously similar to the peculiar curved knife now used 
I by furriers for cutting up their skins. Long, slender, 
and triangular tlint perforators or awls were made for 
piercing hides in the process of sewing. We have 
j seen a magnificent dagger, hett and blade in one piece. 
; made out of choice red jasper. "We can readily -^ee 
1 the handiness and use of tiie relics above descriljed, 
but every collector of such specimens has other sia- 
I gular objects, evidently wrought into shape with defi- 
i nite purpose, but what that purpose was is yet to be 
discovered. For over two centuries these imperishable 
riches of the Indians have laid in the soil, and only 
now are eagerly collected and carefully com))ared with 
almost identical remains from the lake- and cave-dwel- 
lers of pre-historic times in Europe. 

The only other relics commonly found are of pot- 
tery. The Indian tribes were quit* expert in making 
a certain kind of earthenware more or less perfectly 
burned. The Southern and Southwestern tribes ex- 
celled in this and kindred arts, and the more as we 
approach the Mexicans or Aztecs. Our own Indians, 
1 though inferior to them, were no mean potters. .Just 
; as the modern faience-worker, having selected his 
i best clay, mixes therewith a "degraissaut" of some 
refractory material to counteract shrinkage, so the 
Indian tempered our natural clays, and mixed therein 
mica scales or washed quartz sand, where the Flondii 
Indians used pounded shells. Sometimes the piasiji; 
material was moulded on the inside of a woven bas- 
ket and then fired, the basket-marks remaining nn tlit- 
finished vessel. Generally the vessels were moulded 
by hand, quite thin, and ornamented by rolling a coin- 
cob over the soft surface, hy stam|)ing it with circifs 
from the end of a hollow reed, by tracing linc-i with 
a sharp stick, or by impressions of thumh-n:iils. 
' Holes were provided near the rim for suspending such 



GENKRAL HISTOUY. 



jf el- liv corils. They were then burnt, more or loss, 
>.ut never, so fur as we liave seen, to anything like 
titrilaction or plazing. Sueli vessels were very tVag- 
ilf. wlietlier buried or left on the surface, but their 
r'r.i-ineiit.s are almost imperishable. Tliey sometimes 
iii.irk the spot of burial, where they were placed by 
i.iiius hands, and often mark the site of ancient vil- 
laL'Os. None are very large, yet quite a curious col- 
livtion can be made of their various kinds and mark- 

:?ucli are the remains of our [)redecessors in this 
countv. May we not liope that tlieir zealous gather- 
iiitr and contribution to the centres of scientific study 
will, along with further research into the languages j 
and myths of the American tribes, make possible in ' 
the near future a more thorough knowledge of the j 
pi-uple who so long ago faded from the land before 
the advance of our civilized life. They left no ill '• 
name in New Jersey, nor is New ,7ersey stained by i 
any dark records of crime or cruelty on the part of | 
nhite men towards its "original people." 



CHAPTER II. 



KIRsT DISCOVERIES AND SETTLE.MENT3 OX THE 
DEL.\\V.^RE RIVER. 

Ix 1609 Delaware Bay was first discovered by Hen- 
drick Hudson, an Englishman in the service of a 
Dutcli trading company. He had sailed west in 
ijue?t of a passage to the Indies, reached Newfound- 
land, turned south, discovered Cape Cod, which, in 
ignorance of its previous discovery, he named New 
Holland, and proceeded southward till he reached 
the shore near Chesapeake Bay. He then turned 
northward, and on the 28th of August entered Dela- 
ware Bay. There he found shallow water and sand- 
bars; and deeming navigation unsafe, he sailed out 
and proceeded north till he came to New York Bay, 
which he entered. He sailed up the river which 
hears his name as far as Albany, then returned, and 
started on his voyage to Holland in October of the 
same year. 

The next year Lord Delaware, on a voyage to Vir- 
ginia, touched at Delaware Bay, which thus came to 
Inar his name. 

The report which Hudson gave of his voyage and 
the country which he visited induced the merchants 
"'Amsterdam to send another vessel, in 1610, freighted 
"ith goods for trade with the natives at Manhattan 
Inland and its vicinity. This adventure proved profit- 
able, and they obtained from the States-General the 
exclusive [irivilege of trading during four years with 
'he natives of Hudson Hiver and that vicinity. Here 
a remunerative commerce was carried on, and agents 
**ere left to care for the interests of the trading com- 
pany during the winter of each year. In 1013, Sir 



Samuel Argall entered New York Bay, and found 
hiur trailers' houses on Manhattan Island, and in 
1014 the Dutch built a fort on the southern extremity 
of that island for the protection of their trading 
establishment. 

Altiiougii the discovery of America by Columbus 
was made in 1492. more than a century elapsed be- 
fore any successful and permanent colonies were 
planted here. In 1007 the first was established at 
Jamestown, in Virginia, by the English, under a 
charter granted by James the First to Sir Thomas 
Gates, Richard Hackluyt, and others. Under an- 
other charter granted to the Plymouth Company in 
1020, the settlement of New England was com- 
menced, and a permanent colony was established in 
that year. 

As before stated, the trading-post at Manhattan 
Island was fortified in 1014, and at about the same 
time Fort Orange was erected on an ishinil in the 
Hudson, near Albany. The settlements thus made 
were for purposes of trade only, and nothing having 
the character of a colony was established during 
several years. Even as late as 1025 there was but 
one European family residing on Long Island in the 
near vicinity of the principal trading-post. 

The commercial operations established and carried 
on here were quite successl'ul, and in 1021 the States- 
General granted a charter to the " West India Com- 
pany," with extensive powers and privileges, but 
without any grant of specific territory, or any guar- 
anty of its possessions. If the company became in- 
volved in hostilities it was to defend itself at its own 
expense, but it was not empowered to declare war 
without the concurrence of the States. To this com- 
pany the States made a present of half a million of 
guilders, and subscribed half a million more to its 
stock. 

It was at once seen that, although commerce was 
the object of this corporation, colonization was essen- 
tial to its success, and elforts in that direction were 
made, not only in the vicinity of the Hudson, or North 
River, but on the Delaware, or South River, as they 
were then called. 

It is said that in 1616, Cornells Hendrickson, in 
the ship " Restless," a vessel of light draft, that was 
built at Manhattan in 1614 by Adrian Block, sailed 
up the Delaware River as far as the mouth of the 
Schuylkill. No other European is known to have 
explored this stream till 1623, when Cornells .lacob- 
son Mey, with .\drian Joris second in command, was 
sent by the West India Company with a number of 
emigrants from Holland. He brought a stiA-k of mer- 
chandise, and means of subsistence and defense. He 
sailed along the coast from Cape Cod, entered New 
Y'ork Bay, which he christened Port Mey, then sailed 
south to Delaware Bay, which he named New Port 
Mey. The cajie at the north of the entrance to Dela- 
ware Bay he called Cape -Mey (now Cape May), and 
that at the south Cape Cornells (now Henlopen). 



HISTORV 01- GLOUCESTER. SALEM, AND CUMBERLAND COUNTIES. 



He ascended the stream as far ns the mouth of Tim- 
ber Creek, near which he landed and erected a tort, 
which he named Fort Nassau, Tiiis was tlie first at- 
tempt to estahlisli a settlement on the FV-laware River. 

, The object of planting thi.s .settlement was trade with 
the natives, but it is presumed the adventure was not 
successful. Xo reliable Iiistory remains as to sulise- 
quent proceedinss here, and it is only known that ten 
years later no whites were found here, but that the 
fort was occupied by the Indians. 

^~~-In 1629 the West India Company, to promote col- 
onization in New Xetherland, offered to patroons, or 
founders of settlements, not only exclusive property 
in larjre tracts of land but extensive manorial and 
seignorial rights. Encouraged by these otl'ers, sev- 
eral of the directors of the company sought to make 
large territorial acquisitions here. In 1629 the agents 
of Samuel Godyn and Samuel Bloemart purchased 
from three Indian chiefs a tract of land extending 
from Cape Heiilo|)en thirty-two miles and two miles 
in breadth, and the next year another tract was pur- 
chased for the same persons on the opposite side of the 
b.ay, at Cape May. This purchase was made from 
nine chiefs, and was sixteen miles in length by the 
same in breadth. 

In 1630 two vessels were titted out and laden with 
emigrants, animals, implements, grain, seeds, etc., I'or 
settlement on the Delaware or South River. The 
command was given to David Pretersen de Vries, and 
the vessels arrived at their destination early in 1631. 
The settlers, thirty-four in number, landed at Hore 
Kill,' now Lewis Creek. Here a palisade fort was 
erected, and, in the autumn, De Vries returned to j 
Holland, leaving the colony in charge of Giles Csset. ' 
In the absence of De Vries, Osset, who appears to 
have been an indiscreet man, quarreled with the In- 
dians, and one of their chiefs was killed. It has been 
said that the arms of the States-General were set up, 
painted on tin, and that a chief, attracted by the 
shining metal, took it to convert it into trinkets. 
This was regarded as a national insult, and to ajjpease 
the wrath of the settlers the head of the chief was 
brought by the Indians themselves. The truth of 
this story is doubted. Probably the chief had been 
wantonly killed for some trifling ofiense. On the re- 
turn of De Vries, in December, 1632, he found nothing 
of the colony he had left but the skulls and bones of 
the colonists strewn on the ground. The Indians had 
fallen on them when unsuspicious of danger, killed 
them all, and burned their fort and other buildings. 

After lingering a few weeks in the neighborhood 
of Hoornkill, De Vries, in January, 1633, sailed up 
the river to Fort Xassau, which he found occupied bv 
Indians. The Hollanders, left there by Mey ten years 
before, had voluntarily removed to New Amsterdam. 



Here De Vries, by the timely information given i 
by an Indian woman, eluded a jilan to murder i 
and his crew, as the crew of an English boat that 1 
been sent there i\v the Governor of Virginia had Ii 
entrapped and murdered. He descended the r: 
and sailed for Manhattan, and thus ended the i 
attempt to colonize the country on the Delaware. 



V'ariousljf written HuresUil 
8 of H mrnliill, from Hoori 



, Hoaikill, Wlioreklll, douMle 
, a city in Holland, and Kill, 



CHAPTER IIL 

SWEDISH REGIME. 

The first project of planting a Swedish culon>' i- 
America was formed during the reign of the reuowr.e, 
Gustavus Adolphus. L^pon the representation 'i: 
William L'sselins, a Hollander, that America oftere'i 
great advantages for profitable trade, a company w,i. 
formed, and in 1626 a favorable edict was issued by 
the king. Ships and all necessaries were provided, 
and the preparations were made for the accomplish- 
ment of the work, but the breaking out of the Ge.'- 
man war, and the subsequent death of the king, ar- 
rested the proceedings, and for the time defeated the 
project. 

Although the idea of establishing a trading colonv 
on an extensive scale was not revived, that of a colony 
for settlement was not long dormant. Peter Minuir. 
who bad been Governor of the Dutch colony at Xe^v 
Amsterdam, went to .Sweden and urged the project o: 
a settlement on the Delaware. Count <?>xenstier!: 
favored the project, and laid the plan of a oolouy 
before Queen Christina. It met her approval, and in 
1636-37 she gave orders for its execuliou. Minuir 
was made commander of the colony, a ship, callei! 
the "Key of Calmar," was fitted out at Gottenl>uiL'. 
and sailed, accompanied by a smaller vessel, the 
" Bird Grip" (or " Griffin" I, both laden with culoni-t-- 
and supplies. On their arrival they purchased (nrA) 
the Indians a tract of land on the west side of the 
river, extending from Cape Henlopen to the falU a; 
Trenton, and settled on Christina Creek, at the muutii 
of which they built a fort, which they named, in lidiior 
of their queen, Fort Christina. 

Historians differ with regard to the time when t!ii- 
fort was built, but the weight of evidence seems lo 
fix the time not earlier than 1636 nor later than 163*. 
probably the latter year. On the death of ilinuil 
the government of the colony devolved on Peter Hol- 
lendare, who, after eighteen months, returned to Swe- 
den, and was succeeded by Lieut.-Col. .John Printz. 
who came over in 1642 in the ship "Fame," ac- 
companied by two other ships, the "Swan" aivi 
" Charitas." 

In the instructions given to Governor Print/ the 
following article is noteworthy in its bearing on lin' 
early settlement of the eastern side of the Dtlaivare 
River: 



GEXEIIAL niSTORV. 



-6. HcKfnlly, and in the jear Inst past, vi/., H141, several English 
j.n.iiif, rrul'*'!''.'' "^"""""8 to Bixly persous in all. liavf sftiled and 
i,;ui, to tnild and cultivate the l.iiid olsewh^re, namely, ni^n thi- 
,„l Mie of the a'wve-montioncd sniilU river, on a liltio slroani named 
r-rk-n's Kil,'soliavc also tlio above-namod siilijoots of Her JIajesly, 
rs in the Conimnv, iiiirclia--ed for Iheiii^elvea of tlie wild 



. I \< 



.hilnnts of th, 



; th( 



vhole of tlii 



r ,ni the mouth of the aforesaid great riv 
ismed Narratioeu's Kil,- which tract e.\t« 
„i|.-«, including also tho saul Kerk.-u's Ki 
• ;^- to themselves the English .aforesaid, 
-'ijill always, with all his ix>wer, keep iut; 
■.,-• uuder the jurisdiction and goverum< 



1 side of the river, 
at Capo Ma}- up to a stream 
Is about twelve (12) German 
ivitii the iuteiilion of draw- 
Mas purchase tlie governor 
. and thus bring lhe>e fam- 
: of Her Royal 5I;yesty and 



tlie Swp^lish Crown, especially 83 we are informed tliat they themselves 
«ro not indisposed thereto, and jhould they be induced, as a free people, 
T luDtarily to submit themselves to a government which can maintain 
.nd protect them, it is believed that they might shortly amount to some 
! undred strong. But however that may be, the Governor is to seek to 
1 itng these fugliih under the government of the Swedish Crown as 
I «rtDers in this tindeilakiug, and they might also, witli gimd reason, he 
driven out and away froms-iid ijlace, therefore. Her Most Royal Majesty 
CLfuresaid will most graciously leave it to the discretion of Governor 
i'rintz 30 to consider and act in the premises as can he done with pro- 
It is uot known whether the English settlers spoken 
of were squatters from New Haven, adventurers from 
Maryland, or the pioneers of Sir Edmund Ployden. 
With regard to the Indians, the instructions received 
hy Governor Printzwere to regard them as the right- 
ful owners of the country, to obtain laud from them 
only by purchase, and to treat them in the most 
equitable and humane manner, that no injury should 
be done to them by any of his people. Thus was in- 
augurated the just and humane policy toward the na- 
tives that was afterward pursued by William Penn. 

As soon as it became known to the Dutch author- 
ities at Xew Amsterdam that the Swedes were erect- 
ing a fort at the mouth of Christina Creek, a protest 
wa.s made by Governor William Kicft, "that the 
whole south river of the New Netherlands, both 
above and below, hath already for many years been 
our property, occupied by our^ forts and sealed with 
our blood, which was also done when you were in 
-ervice in the New Netherlands, and you are, there- 
fore, well aware of this. But whereas you have now 
come among our forts to build a fortress to our injury 
and damage, which we shall never permit, as we are 
also assured that Her Royal Majesty of Sweden has 
never given you authority to build forts upon our 
rivers and coasts, and to settle people on the land, nor 
to traffic in peltries, nor to undertake anything to our 
injury, we do therefore protest against all the disorder 
and injury, and all the evil consequences of bloodshed. 
Uproar, and wrong which our Trading Company may 
thus suffer, and that we shall protect our rights in 
~uch manner as we may find most advisable." 

Beyond this protest, and the repair and reoccupa- 
'.ion of Fort Na.ssau, it does not appear that any ac- 
tive measures were adopted by the Dutch, during the 
•idministration of Minuit and HoUandare, for the as- 



' " Varken's Kil," i.e , " Hog Creek," i 
' Ka.jc.wa Creek. The Naraticongs a 
"i Indian tribe. 



1 Creek. 

ned by O'Callaghf 



. sertion and maintenance of their rights which they 
claimed to tlie whole of Delaware River. 

Governor Priiitz selected as his residence the island 
of Tentickong, otherwise known as Tntaenung and 
Tcnico,' and here lie erected a fort, with considerable 
armament, wliich he named New Gothchorg. This 
location was selected because of its relation to Fort 
Nassau, by the occupancy of which the Dutch might 
interfere with passage on the river. 

It may here be remarked that a portion of the 
Swedish immigrants were called freemen, because 
they came with liberty to settle and remain in the 
country or le.ive it at their pleasure; while another 
portion came in tlie service of a trading company, 
and received wages. Malefactors were also sent over 
at first, but the inffux of these was arrested by Gov- 
ernor Printz. 

The traffic with the Indians, which the Swedes de- 
sired to control, was interfered with by the Dutch, 

I who came with permits from Governor Stuyvesant, 
of New Amsterdam. One of these, named Thomas 

, Broen, associated with some Swedisli freemen, pur- 
chased from the natives land on the eastern shore 
adjacent to this. Printz protested against this, and 
made a purchase from the Indians of the land from 
Mantas Huck, nearly opposite Tenackong. to Narriti- 

■ cons, or Raccoon's Kihl. On this land he set up a 
post, to which he atfised the Swedish coat of arms, 

' and thus, for a time, the plan of the Hollanders was 

I frustrated. 

j Governor Printz having by the erection of the fort 

I on Tinicum Island blocked the passage of the Hol- 
landers to Fort Nassau, the latter, in the name of the 

; States-General, made a treaty with the Indians in 
1651, for the land between Mingua's Kihl and Bambo 
Hook. This treaty was probably made with the 
Delawares, whose title to the soil was not admii;ted 
by the Mingos or Iroquois. Soon afterwards they 
built Fort Casimir, at Sandhuk (now Newcastle, in 
the State of Delaware). Governor Printz protested 
against the erection of this fort, but without effect. 
To overcome the advantage which the Dutch had thus 

I gained. Governor Printz erected, on the eastern shore, 
at a place called Wootsessung Sing (Salem Creek), 
another Swedish fort, which he named Elfsborg. 
From this fort the district in that region took the 
name of Elsinborg. The fort was a Swedish mile 

i (more than si-\ English miles) below Fort Casimir, 
and two miles below Christina. From this fort Swe- 
dish ships were .saluted as they passed, and Dutch 
vessels were compelled to lower their flags. This Ibrt 
was afterwards called Myggenborg, because of the 

■ abundance of gnats, or mosquitoes (Myggor), which 
rendered it almost untenable. It was afterwards 
abandoned and destroyed by the Swedes. Several 

j other fortifications were erected by the Swedes on tlie 
L western side. 



• Xow Tinicum, about nine miles southwest from Phila.lelph 



HISTORY OF GLOUCESTER, SALEM, AND CUMBERLAND COUNTIES. 



The Dutch historian, Adrian Van der Donck, thus 
speaks of Governor Print/.'s doinss at tlii.s I'urt : 

'■ Tlie Swedish covernor, thiiikiiisr that now is the 
right time, has built a tort called Elsinboru. There 
he holds a high hand over each and all, even over 
the vessels of our trading company, and all those wlio 
sail up into South River, compelling them to strike 
their tlags, without exception. He sends two men on 
board to inquire where they come from, which is 
scarcely better than searching us, to which it will 
come at last. We cannot understand what right 
those Swedes have to act so, or how the otiicers of 
another power, as these give tliemselves out to be with 
full powers, can take upon themselves such hi'jh au- 
thority over another peo[de's lands and wares which 
they have so long had in possession and sealed witli 
their own blood, especially as we hold it by a charter." 

However jealous the Swedes and Hollanders were 
of each other, they were always united in excluding 
the English from the river. Says Acrelius, " Already 
in those times the Englishman sought to settle him- 
self on those coasts, and had so far a claim to it as 
the western shore was regarded as the rear of Virginia, 
especially as the times then gave him the best right ' 
who had the most strength. The year before Gover- 
nor Printz landed the English had fonitied a place 
upon the ScLulkihl,'" whom the Dutch commissary at 
Fort Nassau was ordered to drive out. Again, Van , 
der Donck says, "There lies another creek (kihl) on 
the eastern shore, three miles down towards the mouth ' 
of the river, called Varcken's Kihl (Hog Creek, or I 
Salem Creek i, where some English settled (the ones 
referred to in Governor Printz's instructions), but Di- 
rector Kieft drove them away, and protested auainst 
them being in that part, supported by the Swedes, for , 
they had both agreed to drive the English awav." '■ 

Governor Printz returneii to Sweden in 1602, leav- i 
ing the administration of governmental affairs in the ' 
hands of his son-in-law, John Papeoiia. 

In 16-54 the ship " Eagle" came from Sweden, bring- 
ing Jcdin Claudius Rising, who as-umed the guberna- 
torial functions under the title of "General Director ■ 
of Xew .Sweden," and Papeoija returned to his native ' 
country. Immediately on the arrival of Risine he 
took possession of Fort Casimir, which was surren- 
dered by the Dutch commandant without bloodshed 
and it wa-s rebuilt and christened Fort Trinitv. , 

An engineer named Lindstrom, who came over with 
Rising, made a map of .Swedes River, on which the 
following places on the eastern side were named : 



"Cape 


Mhj 


. which 


S ftil 


J. 


i-al 


•-■1; 


\Btv-Lt«-na 


I!i»er 


n Indian, 


calle'l in 


Swedish KiJd 


ire a 


Ill 


now 


luuin 


..nly(Kne 


i!.IO Pri 


nee Maur- 


Ice Rive 


r; V 


ogflslmd 


s«-.. 


ni 


w 1 


^e I 


land; S.-| 


aharkin 


P, or Co- 


han/y Cr 


lek. 


the IuJi.-i 


n nam 


t 1 


uln:: 


reu: 


ol in Kr,^ 


i^h; lio 


ter lUver, 


DOW Atlf 


va» 


Allovowa 


,,■>), 


>r 


llivj 


r'« r 


wk; A-an 


ohackir 


g. Oijtscs- 


.ing, Wo. 


jl»e» 


sungBiDg, 


Ind.; 


E 


t^to 




. n.jw KIsi 


nplwrg; 


Wark.ju'i 


KibI ill 


Dur 


h, Hog C 


retk 


n 


K„g. 


now 


Sal.m Cr^ 


ek; ObisquahoBil, 


Ind.. nov 


Pc 


inaoeck ; 


Kagk 


ka 


hlia 


rkiu» 


Kihl, Ind 


; Aldui 


»n-8 Kihl, 


Sw., no» 


oi. 


"»■'"•» 0-- 


?eki 


Me 


niira 


CO, Xarnti.on, i 


nd., no> 


y Eaccw^n 



nto'9 Creek; Pi-k-oZiH 
;anekz Kihl. Ind., ni 
Hermaomissing, Ind 



;a."ing'3 Kihl, Ind., nov 
IV Timl..'r Creek; Ar» 
Fort Nassan in Holla 



Creek. (>,".Ii.— Thu name has uiidertone vari.n 
KACcoon, Kaciinn, N'arraticon, AiaraTcuiig, Rale 



ng.) Mackle'B Kihl. 



From the time that Fort Casimir was taken bv Di. 
reetor Rising, and the P)utcli thus practically expellee; 
from New Sweden, the Hollanders at New Amster 
dam began to make preparations for retaliation. Their 
plans were matured, and in 16o.5 Governor Peter Stuv. 
ves;int. with seven vessels and from six hundred t. 
seven hundred men fn.iu New Amsterdam, sailed u\ 
the river, encamped one night at the abandoned and 
decayed Fort Elfsborg, then sailed past Fort Trinity, 
landed and invested that fort, which, after a delav o; 
a day, surrendered. Thence the Hollanders marched 
against Fort Christina, which also surrendered with- 
out resistance. Thus terminated the Swedish author- 
ity on the Delaware. 

Ferris says, "The war now brought to an issue bv 
the vigorous hand of Stuyvesant was, in many respects, 
a singular one. It was waged by the most powerful 
fleet and army that had ever been engaged in North 
America. It w.as prosecuted by a skillful, experi- 
enced general, and finally closed without the loss of 
a single victim on either side." 

Of the customs of the Swedes an intelligent and 
observing countryman of theirs (Professor Kalm', 
who resided some time among them in New Jersev, 
relates in substance: "They had neither tea, cotFee. 
chocolate, nor sugar, and were too poor to buv anv 
intoxicating drinks, or vessels to distill them in. The 
first settlers drank at table, as a substitute for tea, a 
decoction of sassafras, and even as late as 1748 they 
mixed the tea they then used with all sorts of herbs, 
so that it no longer deserved the name of tea. For a 
long time they continued to make their candles anii 
soap from bayberry bushes. Their buckwheat cakes, 
which were a standard dish, were baked in frying- 
pans, or on stones. The men wore caps, breeches, 
and vests of the skins of various animals. The 
women wore jackets and petticoats of the same ma- 
terials. Their beds, except the sheets, were composed 
of the skins of wolves, bears, panthers, and other 
beasts, with which the woods once abounded. They 
made their own leather for shoes and other articles, 
dyeing it red with chestnut bark, or the moss of a cer- 
tain tree not now known, or black with a preparation 
of common field-sorrel." Among the customs men- 
tioned by Kalm, as peculiar to some of the settle- 
ments on the banks of the Delaware, there was one 
which may be adverted to. When a man die<l in 
such circumstances that his widow could not pav his 
debts, if she had an otTer of a second husband she 
was obliged to marry him en chemise. In this plight, 
on her wedding day, she went out from her former 
hou-e to that of her new spouse, who met her half- 
way with a full suit of clothes, which he presented to 
her, saying he only rented them, because had he given 

1 Acrelius, p. C9. 



GENKUAL IIISTOUY. 



(hem to her tlie creililors of the first husband might 
;ake them from lier. 

Until tlie English arrived the Swedes bathed rt-gii- 
i.irly everv Saturday. Christinas they eelel)rated 
i\-ith various games, and by scrvinij up eertain pecu- 
;i.ir dishes at table, as was eu-tcur.ary in old Sweden. 

They made their eart and wagon wheels by sawing 
;hick sections out of liquidambar-trees, but when the 
Knglish came they began to use spokes and fel- 
loes of white- and Spanish-oak. They made their 
bedposts of sassafras wood to keep away the bugs. 
Holly-leaves, dried and bruised in a mortar, they used 
,is a cure for the pleurisy. Against the ague they 
employed the root of the tulip-tree, the bark of the 
liogwood, the yellow bark of the peach, the leaves of 
die potentilla reptans, and several other indigenous 
preparations which they adopted I'rom the Indians. As 
an anti-febrile they sometimes tied wis[is of mullein 
or Indian tobacco around their arms and feet. The 
root of the bayberry-tree they used as a cure for the 
toothache. 

"Kalm says, "The house of the first Swedish set- 
tlers was very indifferent. It consisted of but one 
room ; the door was so low as to require one to stoop 
to enter. Instead of window-panes of glass they had 
little holes, before which a sliding-board was put, or 
uu other occasions they had isinglass. The crevices 
between the logs were filled with clay, the chimneys 
in a corner were generally of gray sandstone, or for 
want of it sometimes of mere clay ; the ovens were in 
the same room. They had at first separate stables 
for the cattle, but after the English came and set the 
example they let their cattle suffer in the open win- 
ter air."' 



CHAPTER IV. 



DUTCH RKGIME. 



.■Vlthough Swedish historians have complained of 
tlie grievousness and afflictive character of the sub- 
jugation of the Swedes to the authority of the Dutch, 
it does not appear to have been in reality afflictive or 
grievous to them. They were for a time cut off from 
as frequent intercourse with the mother-country as 
'jefore, but their rights were scrupulously respected, 
and In the exercise of their religious beliefs they were 
'•tft wholly free. In his mortification at the loss of 
the colony. Rising sought to induce the Swedish govern- 
ment to undertake the reconquest of the country, and 
endeavored to make the impression that the Swedish 
wdrinists were badly treated and oppressed. As time 
*oreon, however, this wrong impression was corrected, 
and in a letter from thirty-srxof the principal Swedes 
''n the Delaware it was stated, — 

"Since til is country haa ceased to be under the goyernment of Sweden, 
*t are bound to acknowledge and declare, fw iLe ftke of trvlh^ that w» 



have been will and kindly treated as well hij the Dutch ns liy hismnloaty 
the king of England. We ti:iv,. alwaya liud over ns g.K'd and gr.ic-ions 
mi>);islr.ili-~. and we live in the gr.'.ilest nniun iiuJ h.iiin.iny viitli eiicli 



The Dutch were a commercial people, and the pro- 
motion of their trailc on the Delaware was the object 
they sought in the recovery of their possessions from 
the Swedes. They cared little for land, which could 
be had anywhere by taking it up, and during tlieir 
possession of the region they gave the Swedes only 
I three deeds for real estate, — two for plantations and 
I one for a mill, — and these were deeds of cnnfirma- 
I tion for the satisfaction of occupant.s. Many such 
I deeds were afterwards executed by the English au- 
I thorities. They were willing to encourage agriculture, 
j because it tended to promote commerce: and where 
i that encouragement depended on the easy acquisition 
I of laud they placed no restrictions on it. They 
I wished to trade, and not to govern ; hence the lenity 
[ whicli they exercised. 

i In ICoG the colony was strengthened by the acces- 
' sion of families from New Amsterdam, who were or- 
dered by the government to settle in villages of six- 
teen to twenty families for protection against the 
i natives, who, in the vicinity of North River, had been 
j hostile. 

j On retiring from the scene of his conquest, Gover- 
I nor Stuyvesaut left Deryk Smidt in charge of the 
! settlements, but on his arrival at New Amsterdam he 
I commissioned Johan Paul Jaquet as Governor. 
I From all their municipal regulations it appears 
i evident that the Dutch were not desirous of strength- 
1 ening their colonies by filling them with a vigorous 
population. They appear to have acted more in fear 
that the presence of such a population among the 
Indians would interfere with their trade than in the 
hope that it would give support in time of danger. 
" Present gain seems to liave closed their eyes to fu- 
ture evils, and blinded them to the fitct that a very 
extensive fertile country could not be long retained 
for the benefit of a mere trading company." 

After having been established in America during 

half a century the Dutch had only a meagre popula- 

; tion, while the colonies in >Cew England, in less time, 

had so expanded that they were crowding the Dutch 

from their trading-places. 

In April, liJJ7, Jaquet was superseded by Jacob 
I Alricli, and in October, 1658, William Beekman was 
: appointed Vice-Governor over a part of the colony. 
! Goeran Van Dyke was made inspector over the 
I Swedes, under the Dutch title of Schout fiscal, and 
! an unsuccessful cllbrt was made to gather these peo- 
; pie from the places where they had settled and im- 
' proved their lands into one settlement. The admini-- 
' tration of Alrich was not marked by that liberality 
which characterized that of the other Dutch Gov- 
I ernors. 

At that time the number of Swedish families in the 
: colony was one hundred and thirty, and tliey consti- 



10 



HISTORY OF GLOUCESTER, SALEM. AND CUMBERLAND COUNTIES. 



tilted a majority of the popul.ition. Estimated from i 
that basis, 'lie Eurupean popuhitioii on the Delaware 
in \G'>d did not exceed twelve hundred. 

In May, ll3o9, Beekman, acting under orders I'roiu 
Stuyvesant, purchased from the Indians the land 
from Bambo Hook to Cape HenIo[ien, and erected a 
fort at Hoorn Kill. In this purchase no regard ap- 
pears to have been had for the purchase either of 
Godyn or of the Swedes. 

On the Xew Jersey side of the Delaware tlie Dutch 
had at this time acquired several tracts of country, 
and it is reasonable to suppose that the road between i 
the colonies on the North and South Rivers was not 
without inhabitants. 

After the fi^ilure of the attempts to collect the 
Swedes into a settlement by themselves a more lib- 
eral policy was pursued, and these people quietly 
settled down among their Dutch neighbors, aud in 
a few years, by family alliances, they became one 
people. The Swedes maintained public worship, 
while the Dutch had no regular ministry among 
them. The children of the Dutch soon came to un- 
derstand the religious service in the Swedisli churches, 
and gradually they lost their Dutch character and 
language, so that the people became homogeneous, 
and in their manners aud customs they were purely 
Swedish. 

Governor Alrich died in 1659, and was succeeded 
by Alexander Hinoyosa, who administered the gov- 
ernment jointly with Beekman during three years, 
when Hinoyosa became sole Governor under Stuy- 
vesant. 

The profits to the West India Company from its 
trade on the Delaware were not remunerative. The 
stringent regulations of the government in relation 
to trade were not conducive to the prosperity of the 
colony. It has been said, "On a review of the state 
of the Swedish settlements on the Delaware, under 
the dominion of the Dutch, there is little to incline 
the friends of civil liberty to love or admire the gov- 
ernment whose sole object is pecunianj einohiment. Its 
policy was not only mercenary but highly injurious 
to the civil and intellectual improvement of the in- 
habitants. Under the leaden sceptre of a Dutch 
trading company everything beautiful, and fair, and 
good drooped and languished. The people were dis- 
couraged and indolent, the lands, by nature fruitful, 
and offering rich returns to the diligent cultivator, 
were neglected and lay waste. The manners of the 
people were rude and unpolished, education was not 
promoted, the standard of morals was low, and the 
population, which had been gradually augmenting 
under the Swedish dominion, had increased hut little 
under that of the Dutch. 

"The rational nature of man requires higher a.spi- 
rations and aims than those which tind their fruition 
in the accumulation of wealth or personal aggrandize- 
ment, and governments which fail to promote such 
aims and aspirations will end, as did the rule of the 



Dutch West India Company on the banks of the Del 
aware, in disappointment." 



CHAPTER V. 

EAKLY .^ETTLE.MENT? .\ND FI.\'.\L CON(il"EST El 
THE ENGLI.-SII. 

The successor of Peter Minuit as director-genera 
or Governor of New Netherlands was Wouter va: 
Twiller, who was appointed in 1633. He was suc- 
ceeded in 163S by AVilliam Kiet't, and he, in 1646, b; 
Peter Stuyvesant, the last Dutch Governor of tha; 
province. 

It may here be remarked that the English neve: 
abandoned their claim to the country on which ti:t 
Dutch and Swedes settled in North America. Tlu 
claim to these regions was based on the disooverie 
of Cabot, Hudson, and others, aud though its validity 
has been more than questioned, it was never relitj- 
quished. The English nation has always been fertiU 
in pretests for claims on anything which it coveted. 

In 1606 James I. granted letters patent dividin; 
that portion of the American continent which 
stretches from the thirty-fourth to the forry-sixtt 
degrees of north latitude into two nearly equal dir 
tricts. The south, or Virginia district, was allotte:! 
to Sir Thomas Gates, Richard Hackluyt, and others 
of London, and the other to sundry knights, gentle- 
men, and merchants of Plymouth. Bristol, and othei 
parts of Western England. L'nder this charier, at;o 
another granted to the Plymouth Company in 1620. 
the settlement of Virginia and Xew England v.eri 
commenced. 

It is not neces.sary here to trace the growth of these 
and other colonies, or to make allusions to them, ex- 
cept as they are directly or remotely connected witt 
events which transpired with the settlements on tlu 
Delaware ; and here it may be remarked that so inti- 
mately were the settlements on the eastern and westers 
sides of the river connected, that the early history c: 
the former cannot be separated from that of tilt 
latter. 

Early during the administration by Van Twiller o: 
the government of N'ew Netherland, the relation: 
between the Dutch and English in New England be- 
gan to assume a threatenintr character. The Date!" 
had entered Connecticut River and established i 
trading-post. The expansion of the N'ew Englani 
colony in that direction led to questions of jurisdic- 
tion, protests, and finally to threatened hostilitie- 
with the result of the loss by the Dutch of the foot- 
hold which they had acquired there. 

In the year of the arrival of Director Kieft th* 
Engli.-,h formed a settlement at a place which the.*" 
named New Haven, but which had been called h) 
the Dutch Roodeberg, and notwithstanding the prJ-, 



GENERAL IIISTOllY. 



11 



.,«!, of Kieft tliey continued to hold possession. In 
i.l iiiion to tlie lands occupied there tliey soucrlit fnr- 
t>.,r iic.|iiititiiins, and in the I'ollowing year they sent 
it) auent. Cajit. Nathaniel Turner, who purchased 
if.. til the Indians a tract lor plantaticuis on both sides 
,,f ihe river Delaware. 

Many of the grants from the English king appear 
t.i have been made in ignorance or forgetfulne>s of 
•.!,o limits of previous grants, and the result, in many 
in-lances, was confusion and conflict of jurisdiction. 
The grant to the Virginia Company had lapsed by 
•.he dissolution of that company, and a portion of the 
irrritorv had been regranted, in 1(532, to George Cal- 
rert. Lord Baltimore, and had become the province of 
Maryland. 

Ill 1634 a grant in favor of Sir I^dmund Ployden, 
knijht, and his associates, was made. This grant 
included territory bounded by a line running west- 
wardly from Cape May forty leagues, northwardly 
fortv leagues, northeastwardly forty leagues; then, 
••descending, touching, and including the to)> of 
.■^andhoey (Sandy Hook), to the promontory of Cape 
Mav aforesaid." This grant included portions of 
Maryland and of the territory of New England, and 
all these grants wholly ignored the title of the Dutch. 

This grant was ample and full in the title to the 
lands conveyed ; and in the powers which it conferred 
on Sir Edmund Ployden, it was, to say the least, ex- 
traordinary. He was constituted county palatine, 
with the title of Earl Palatine of Albion or of the 
province of New Albion in America, and invested 
with, in some respects, almost regal authority. He 
was empowered to ordain laws under certain circum- 
-tiinces, and to create barons, baronets, and knights 
<»f his palatinate. It was also provided that all per- 
«jns, goods, wares, or merchandise intended for the 
settlement of the palatinate should be shipped with- 
out tax or duty, with only a license from the king's 
treasurer, and that all goods and merchandise ex- 
I->f>ned from the province might, for the space of ten 
years, be sold in any part of the kingilom without the 
payment of any tax or duty whatever. It was also 
provided that no tax or custom should thereafter be 
ini[M53ed on any of the inhabitants, lands, goods, 
chattels, merchandise, etc., within the province. 

It does not appear that the rights derived from this 
patent were exercised during the reign of James or 
'he first Charles, but that they were during the Rev- 
■"jlulion. It was said in the patent that the region 
Dad already been "amply and copiously peopled with 
file hundred persons ;" but this is doubtful. An as- 
"•ciation of "lords, baronets, knights, merchants, 
*'id planters, forty-four in number, was formed, and 
they engaged to send for settlement in the province 
I'-ree thousand able-trained men." 

Mulford says,' "In the year 1641 the earl made 
2n attempt to carry out the projected plan, and for 



its better success attended the enterprise in person. 
He conducted a company into the province, though 
it would seem that but a small part of th.e promi-ed 
number of men were in actual attendance. Either 
from the smalliiess of his force or from some other 
cause the earl did not succeed in his endeavors to 
establish a settlement, but he remained in tiie country, 
and engaged in exploring his province. The whole 
extent was divided into several manors, and these, 
being dignified with well-chosen names, served to 
give titles to each member of the earl palatine's 
family. Thus there were the son and heir appar- 
ent, and Governor, Francis, Lord Ployden. baron of 
3Iount Royal, an extensive manor on Elk River, and 
Thomas, Lord Ployden, high admiral, baron of Roy- 
mount, a manor on the Delaware Bay in the vicinity 
of Lewistown, and the Lady Wiuifrid, baroness of 
Uvedale in Webb's Neck. 

"Almost at the same time with the arrival of the 
earl a company of persons entered the province with 
a view to effect a jiermanent settlement therein. 
This was the body sent out by the New Haven 
colony to take possession of the lands upon tlie Del- 
aware that had been purchased by Capt. Turner, as 
has heretofore been mentioned. They were instructed 
to act in close connection with the mother colony ; 
they were to plant the lands and engage iu trade, 
and were also to establish churches in gospel order 
and purity. 

"The company, consisting of near fifty families, 
sailed in a vessel belonging to one Lamberton, a 
merchant of New Haven, and Robert Cogswell was 
commander. They touched at Fort Amsterdam on 
their voyage, and the autliorities at that place be- 
came thus apprized of the nature of the object they 
had in view. Governor Kieft was too much alive to 
the movements of the English to look with indiffer- 
ence upon the present attempt, and he at once [>ro- 
tested against it. The English commander replied 
that it was not their intention to settle under any 
government, if any other place could be found, but 
that should they settle within the limits of the States- 
General they would become subject to the govern- 
ment. The company then proceeded. They finally 
reached a place which they selected for a settlement 
not far from the Delaware on a small stream called 
Varcken's Kill. ^ 

" Whether these settlers were at all aware of the 
rights and claims of the Earl Palatine of .-Vlbion at 
the time they entered the province is unknown, but 
finding him in the country, as the holder of a grant 
from the English crown, they were ready to submit 
to his rule, and hence, upon being visited by persons 
commissioned by the Earl, they swore fealty to him 
as the Palatine of Albion. 

" But the company had not long been settled in 
their new situation before thev found themselves in 



I History of New Jerwy, p, 69, H seq. 



> Otherwise called Hog Creelt, i 



12 



HISTORY OF GLOrCESTKR, SALEM, AND CUMBiniLAND COUNTIKS 



need of the aid and protection wliich their present 
ruler w:is in no condition to give. 

"Their settlement liad been observed by Jan Jans- 
sen Van Ilpendain, tlie Dutoli commandant, who re- 
sided on tlie Dehuvare at Fort Xassau. and informa- 
tion of what was pa— ins was soon transmitted to tlie 
director at Fort Amsterdam. Kieft immediately 
ordered that two vessels should be prepared and dis- 
patclied to the Delaware with orders to visit the Eng- 
lish and to reduce or disperse the colony. This order 
was speedily obeyed; the Dutcli made an entrance 
upon the settlement, took possession of the goods, 
burned the houses, and detained a number of the 
people as prisoners. 

"The Swedes who were established upon the Dela- 
ware gave aid and assi.-,tance to the Dutch in this 
attack ujion the Enirlish colony. 

" After a period an attempt was made from another 
direction for the purpose of establishing a colony 
within the province of Xew Albion. 

"The storm of political agitation was now arising 
in p^ngland, and its violence had already become 
such as to shake the State and the throne. The 
minds of men were ill at ease, and such as were dis- 
posed to seek tranquillity and peace rather than to 
share in the danger, the glory, and the guilt of the 
coming strife, were anxious to find an asylum in some 
distant land. A number of ' knights and gentlemen' 
wlio were thus disposed associated together and chose 
one of their company to visit the English plant.ations 
in America and select a place for a settlement. The 
individual thus chosen was Beauchamp Plantageuet. 
He proceeded at once upon his errand, and after ex- 
tensive travel in the several colonies finally fixed on 
the province of New Albion. He made application 
to tiie Lord Governor, then in the country, and ob- 
tained, under the seal of the province, a grant of ten 
thousand acres of land. This tract was called the 
Manor of Belvill. Some time afterwards Plantagenet 
returned in order to attend the removal of his com- 
panions, and nearly at the same time the Earl Pala- I 
tine also departed from the province, being obliged to 
return to England for aid and supplies. Upon their 
arrival in Europe the Earl Palatine and Plantagenet 
again met, and they then exerted themselves to revive 
the energies of the New Albion Company. For this 
purp(jse Plantagenet wrote and purjlislied ' A Descrip- 
tion of the Province of New Aibion.' dedicating it to 
the otficers and members of the company, the writer 
himself having become a member of the body." 

This was written in 1048, and the resources of the 
province were thus described by him : 

" 1. Here by bringing good Labourers, and Trades- 
men, the provident planters may doe well by giving 
shares or double wages, when each man may earn his 
five, nay sixe shillings a day in Tobacco, Flaxe, Rice. . 

" 2. For here the ship-carpenters ten men a dav ■ 
will build a tun of shipping as in Eiujlaad, which 
with masts and yards there taken is here, and there i 



worth** a tun, and yet here and there is built at 1/ 
tun wages, wliicli is 6.«. a day's work, having the Ti: 
ber without money. 

" 3. Here in 14 days they make a thousand of V\- 
staves, worth here fi>ure jiound, ami at the ('<iifr 
twenty pound a thousand, and .^o get six shilliui:- 
day's work. 

"4. Here in making iron they save HI. a tun in t- 
price of wood, and 'if. more in digging the Iron mir, 
and saving land carriage of it, and of the chakco.v: 
for mine is taken on the Sea beach, and wood fioa;- 
down the Rivers, and so each man earns 5s. lOrf. a Ua 
Iron valued at 12!. per tun. 

"o. Here the constant trade of 350 ships, and 7i> 
men a fishing beginne leave cold A'euifouiidtanil sni; 
fish, and late taken, when this is before theirs tw 
moneths at tlie market, 100 fish here yeelds fo 
quintales, there scarce one, and here is fish all t! 
year, there but only in the four warm months, and is t 
nine weeks' work each man above his diet, passaj- 
and returne, gets twenty pound, and twelve pound 
man, and herein dried Base, in Sturgeon, in dresjt 
Mackrell, Herrings, and Pilchers, is got as well as : 
Cod-fish, sixe shil, and eight shil. a day, and this r- 
turns ready French and Spanish coin. 

"6. Here the glorious ripening sunne as warm . 
I/dfy or Spain, will bring rare fruits, wines, and sw 
store of Aniseseed and Licoras, as well as Bay-s;: 
made without boyling, only in pans with the su- 
that each labourer may mak 6 bushels a day, wor: 
in tliese three 12s. a day, and this maiden soyl, - 
comforted with the suns glittering beams, and beis.. 
digged, and set with tlie Indian Wheat, and tht 
Beans and Pease, with 40s. charge in 41 days' wuf: 
with seed, yields 10 quarters an acre, the same Whe; 
being ten times as big and weighty as ours, besiur 
Potatoes, Wood, Madder, Roots, and many Piani- 
and Tobacco, will yield half a tun of flax, and a tu 
of Hemp, worth 12/. an acre, and 6s. a day's work. 

" 7. Here as in Province in Franie, Walnut Milk i 
Gyle ground and pressed, will yield the gatherer tt 
gallons, and 10s. a day's work. 

" 8. Here the Land lieth covered seven moneth 
with Beech, and Oke Mast, walnuts, chestnuts, ar. 
three moneths with groundnuts, Seg and other root 
and wild Pease, and fetches yearly, so as forty Ho. 
for one, and Ninety Turkeys, Partridges, HeathpouU- 
and some Poultry, eating their fill, for onx'E ordinar 
increased. 

"9. Here the Sope and Potashes men paying i 
Enfjland 12(/. a bushel and ■id. carriage for a-shes, ai: 
20/. a tun for Pot-ashes, may make them at a quarit 
and lesse, and get Ss. a day's work, by cutting, reei 
ing, and burning whole plains of fern, Brambles, ai. 
wilde Tines, being thrice as strong as Wood-ashes. 

" 10. Here a ship may goe, and return in ti> 
moneths laded, and comfortable, see their frien'i- 
making two voyages a year, in a healthy ayre, ff' 
from Enemies and Turks, and get two for one eat 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



13 



'. .' .v»}.'o; that is, four for one, of that stock, and pro- 

n.; <«-! ill 11 year. 

I • 1!. Here the kinde Gentleman that in Enalniid 

].'. ; ;li Mot live without deep mortgages, suretyship, 

!•' ,»n-uiti and troubles, may here settle, and avoid il! 

\) T.rnpany, and tempting occasions, and live in plenty, 

[ ,,;,,! variety of all sorts, hunting Deere, hawking 

h-| ?.nl, rishing, and many more sports, and sorts of 

i>; i-»iiio, as with dainty fruits; and lay up his spare 

.^,1 " 12. Here the Soldier, and gentleman wanting eni- 
.yj ;.!..yrnent, and not hire to lalior. without going to war 
I ;.j kil Christians for o^'. a week in the mouth of the 
t>[ r.«iring cannon, or in a siege threatened with famine, 
lif »nd pestilence: and OFTEX together aL'ainst a few 
vi c«kcd saviages, may like a devout Apostoliqued sol- 
l! iicr with sword, and the world to civijize, and con- 
hi! vcrl them to be his ifajesties Lieges, and by trading 
b:[ «itli tiiem for furs, get his ten shillings a day, and at 
:e' borne intermixing sport and pleasure, wi:li protit, 
4 »t'ire his Parks with Elks and ftillow Deer, are lit to 
-Hi ride, milke or drawe, the first as big as oxen, and 
il' Ijringing three a year, and with five hundred Turkeys 
e-f in a tiock got by nets, in stalling get his five shil. a 
[ div at least." 
i-l "To excite the greater interest a sort of order of 
_l; Vi:i^'hthood was instituted with a view to enlist per- 
K -oiH to go to the province and engage in ettbrts for 
nf the conversion of the natives to the Christian faith. 
,l| Those who should devote themselves to this service 
j,| Bire to be associated under the name and title of 
ir| 'The Albion Knights of the Conversion of tlie 
i-l Twenty-three Kings.' This title had reference to 
•H ilio number of Indian kings supposed to be living 
i;| and ruling within the province. But all the,se etibrts 
J fell short of their object. The ' three thousand able 
5 1 «rjd trained men' were never enlisted, and no one of 
ri !l-e .\lbion Knights of the Conversion ever arrived at 
I the field of labor, nor did the Earl Palatine himself 
3i| 'jr his coadjutor, Plantagenet, find a fit opportunity 
!l| *t*in to visit the province. 

" What number of persons ever resided in New 
■Vlbion under the Palatine's rule, or what was their 
•'oadition, is but imperfectly known. A fort called 
f-riwoneck was erected upon the Delaware, near the 
a-.outh of the Pensaukin, and this post w.as held 
'luring the greater part of the earl's sojourn by a 
""all body of men. The Xew Haven colony was 
••■'id to consist of near fifty families, and there were 
O'-^ a few traders from Virginia residing at diiferent 
j'laces. These companies, together with the people 
'■•' the Isle of Plowden, or Long Island, made up the 
;"I>ulation of the Palatine':, province. One of the 
i[ '"^.nors, called Watcessit, was selected as the princi- 
1':'. residence of the earl, and this, it may be supposed, 
"*■«. the seat of authority. A plan of government 
"^■i also fully devised; as described by Plantagenet 
I' Was ditTerent in some respects from that laid down 
'" tl>e patent. A particular notice of its provisions 



nvay not be necessary, as it w.as never brouirht into 
actual operation, but its general character is worthy 
of notice. It w.is mild and liberal in temper. 

" In reliirious matters the most entire freedom was 
given, f^llme fundamental doctrines, as well as cer- 
tain form-, were to be settled by acts of Parliament; 
yet dissent was not to be punished. Indeed, all rail- 
ing against any one on account of religion was 
deemed an oil'ence, for it was said, ' this argument or 
persuasion in religious ceremonies or church disci- 
pline should be acted in mildness, love, charity, and 
gentle language.' This noble sentiment, carried out 
as it was to have been into actual practice, gives one 
of the finest as well as earliest examples of religious 
toleration known to the world. In regard to this 
particular, full justice has not been done to the law- 
giver of New Albion. Williams and Calvert have 
been lauded, and justly lauded, as being the first to 
remove the shackles of religious intolerance, and 
' give full liberty to the mind of man m the com- 
munion it holds with its Gfreat Creator. Williams 
was doubtless the first to proclaim tlie jirinciple ' that 
' the civil magistrate has no right to restrain or direct 
' the consciences of men.' Calvert followed closely in 
i his track. To these men let honor be given. But 
1 they have been represented as standing entirely alone 
until the appearance of Penn. This is not just or 
I true. Ployden may not have advanced to the same 
1 point; he retained the shadow of a state religion, 
but he offered the fullest freedom and the fullest pro- 
tection to all, and gave his voice in favor of mildness, 
i charity, and love. Though his designs were not suc- 
cessful, though the work he projected fell short of 
completion, yet he deserves to be ranked with the 
benefactors of our race, and New Albion is entitled 
to a higher place in the history of human progress 
than is often allotted to greater and more fortunate 
; States. 

; "No collision, nor. indeed, any intercourse, is 

known to have occurred between the authorities of 

New Albion and New Netherland. The attack of 

' the Dutch upon the settlement at Varcken's Kill led 

to no further hostilities. 

" After that occurrence, and the retirement of tiie 
forces that had been sent from Manhattan, Van Il|)en- 
dam, the commandant of Fort Nassau, continued at 
his post, and he was directed by Kieft to take care 
and preserve dominion, and to defend the honor of 
: the high and mighty States, and of the Honorable 
West India Company. But however necessary this 
vigilance may have been to prevent the advancement 
of others, it was scarcely required toward the Earl 
Palatine, of Albion. If possessed of any ability, he 
was little disposed to a hostile movement in oppo- 
sition to the Dutch. In their late aggression the blosv 
had been aimed at New Haven ratiier than New 
j Albion, and in addition to this the Ear! was less ap- 
I prehensive as to the principal actors in the move- 
' ment than as to their accessories. He is reported to 



14 



IIISTOKV OF GLOUCKSTHR, SALEM, AND CUMBKRLAN'D COUNTIES. 



have said that ' lie would have uo iiiisunderstaiidiDg 
witli the Dutch, though lie «'a« much oirended with, 
and bore a grudse against, the Swedes.' " 

In IGGO Charles II. recovered tlie throne of his 
ancestors. Karly in his reign circumstances tended 
to disturb the tViendly relations that had subsis- 
ted between England and Holland. In addition 
to the European rivalries and jealousies, which 
tended to weaken the friendship between the two 
nations, it is believed that Charles II. I'or once ex- 
tended his vision beyond the scene of his personal 
gratifications, and looked with a covetous eye on that 
portion of the American coast between the English 
possessions in New England and the south that had 
been settled and held by the Dutch. In March, 
1664, he executed to his brother, the Duke of York 
and Albany, a charter containing a grant of the 
region between the western bank of the Connecticut 
Eiver and the eastern shore of the Delaware. In 
June of the same year, and before possession bad 
been attempted, the Duke of York con¥eyed the ter- 
ritory of New Jersey to Lord Berkeley and Sir George 
Carteret by an instrument in the following form : 

"This Indenture, made Uie tbree-;ind-twenlieth day of June, in the 
sixteenth year of tlie Riigne of our Sovereisn Lord Chales the Second. 
by the Grace of God of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, King, 
Defender of the Faith, .4nno Domine 16«. Between his Royal High- 
ness J.imes, IHike of York aud Altauy, Earl of Ulster, Lord High Ad- 
miral of England and Ireland, Constable of Dover Castle, Lord Warden 
of the Cinque Torts, Governor of Portsmouth, of the one part, John 
Lord Berkely, Baron of Stratton, aud one of hia majesty's most honor- 
able privy council, and Sir George Carteret, of Satturm, in the County 
of Devon, knight, and one of his majesty's most honorable privy coun- 
cil, of the other part, Wituesseth ; that the said James, Duke of York, 
fur and in consideration of the sum of ten shillings of lawful money of 
England, to bim in hand paid, by these presents doth bargiiu and sell 
unto the s.aid John Lord Berkely and Sir George Carteret all that tract 
of land adjacent to Xew England, and lying and being to tiie westward 
of Long Island. Bounded on the east part by the main sea and part of 
Hudson River, and hath upon the west Delaware Bay or River, and ex- 
tendeth southward to the main ocean, as far as Cape May, at the mouth 
of Delaware Bay, and to the northward as far as the northernmost 
branch of said bay or river of Delaware, which is in forty-one degrees 
aud forty minutes of latitude, and worketh over thence iu a straight 
line to Hudson's River, which said tract oflaad is hereafter to be Killed 
by the nauie or names of Xov.i. Cesieea or Xew Jkesev." 

In addition to the consideration of ten shillings an 
annual rent of ''one i)epper corn"' was to be paid on 
the day of the nativity of St. John the Baptist, if 
legally demanded. It is said that the name Xew 
Jersey was given in compliment to Carteret, who had 
defended the island of Jersey against the Long Par- 
liament in the civil wars. 

In the latter part of 1(J64, without any formal decla- 
ration of war, a small English fleet and some land 
forces arrived before Xew Amsterdam, and demanded 
itii surrender, which Governor Stuyve.sant, in conse- 
quence of the defenseless state of the place, was com- 
pelled to yield. 

Sir Robert Carr was at once ordered to proceed to 
the Delaware and bring into subjection tlie settlers 
there. He u;is instructed to call on the Governor of 
Maryland and all other English in that vicinity, if 



necessary, for assistance: but on his arrival Fort C-^- 
siniir was quietly surrendered, and the province can: 
under the control of the English by the followir, 
stipulations: 

"Aitichs of agreement b-tween the Ilonourablo Sir R-lert c^,. 
kniglit. on behalf of his majesty of Gr.-,a Britain, and the Burg,.r:s 
tersou behalf of themselves and all the Dutch aud Swedes iubaMti- 
on Delaware Bay and Delaware River. 

•' 1. That all the burgesses and planters will submit theni-elvoa to t 
majesty without any resistance. 

"■2. That whoever, or what nation soever, doth submit to hi, m.-.jeah 
authority shall be protected in tiieir est.ites, real and personal, wliat? 

"3. That the present magistrites shall be continued in their ofE,. 
and jurisdictions to exercise tlieir civil power as foinieilv. 

"4. That if auy Dutchman or other person shall desire to depart fr.-. 
this river it shall he lawful for him to do so, with his goods, within 'u 
months after the date of these articles. 

"o. That the magistrates aud all the inhabitants who are included - 
these articles shall take the oath of allegiance to his majesty. 

"15. That all people shall enjoy the liberty of their consciences i: 
church discipline as formerly. 

"7. That whosoever shall take an oath is from that tiaie a tree net 
zen, and shall cnjov all the privileges of trailing into any of his nii 
city's dominions as freely as any Englishman, and may re.juire a certi: 
cate for so d.jing. 

"S. That the schout. the burgomaster, sheriif, and other inferior m?^ 
istrates shall use and exercise their customary power in administraiio: 
of justice within their precincts for six months, or until his majesl> ■ 
pleasure is further known. Dated October 1st, 1664." 



CHAPTER VI. 



ENGLISH RKGIME. 



Thus terminated the rule of the Dutch on th- 
Delaware. As before stated, they had done nothin: 
to promote agricultural improvement. All their 
eftbrts had been directed towards the protection v. 
the odious monopoly of the West India Company. 
These efforts had been inefficient, and a door was thii- 
left open for the clandestine trade of the smuggling 
adventurer. This trade had been so extensively car- 
ried on by the settlers, that while it constituted tbei; 
chief source of revenue, the profits of legitimate 
commerce did not pay the expenses of its prosecution. 
When the weak government of the Dutcii was sul- 
ceeded by the more efficient rule of the English, thi- 
illicit trade was more elTectually prevented : and tliii- 
was cut off the chief source of the little business thiv 
had animated the cheerless lives of the inhabitant^. 

Acrelius says, " When the English governmeir 
commenced all were summoned to Xew Y'ork to re- 
ceive deeds for the land which they had either taken 
up or intended to take up. A part of the inhabitant-- 
took deeds, others gave themselves no trouble aboiii 
the matter. The people lived in great quiet, but ex- 
treme indolence. No agriculture, no trade was par- 
sued, more tlian was necessary to supply their absolute 
wants." 

On the west side of the Delaware the territory wa-- 
under the control of the Duke of Y'ork, of whom U 



CtEnkral insiouv. 



15 



lias been said lie " was perhaps the weakest of the 
woak and unhappy family of the Stuarts." The Gov- 
iriiiirs of the New York colony were the rulers here, 
;iiul it is not too much to say that the people had 
never before been subjected to a more tyrannical 
i;(ivernnient. One of these, Governor Lovelace, said. 
"As for the poor deluded sort, I think the advice of 
tlicir own countryman is not to be despised ; who, 
knowing their temper well, prescribed a method for 
keeping tliem in order, which is sereritij, and hiijiiKj 
tiich taxes on them lU miijht not give them lihert;/ to en- 
:t-,iain any other tliowihts but liow to discharqc them." 

The cliarter granted by Charles the Second to the 
Puke of York granted all 



Jon, g. 



rents, rereruies, an.l pnifits of llio preniii^s, an.l all our estate, 
itle, and interest tlierein : and ne do further grant unto the said 
the Duke of Yoik, his h-irs. deiiulies, agents, commissiowis, and 
full anil absolute power and anthoiity to correct, punish, par- 
'vern, and rule all such person or persons as shall, from time to 
time, adventure themselves into any of the parts or ]>laces aforesaid, 
and to establish such laws, orders, and ordinances aa may be thought 

may be agreeable to the laws, statutes, and government of tin- realm of 
England." 

The grant from the Dnke to Berkeley and Carteret 
conveyed to them all his rights and powers " in as 
full and ample a manner'' as lie had received them ; 
and thus, says Gordon, " even with the light which 
had been stricken forth by the extraordinary politi- 
cal concussions of the passing century, the allegiance 
and obedience of freemen were made transferable, 
and, as if they were serfs, attached to the soil." 

After the British revolution of 1GS8 the ministers 
of William tlie Third recognized a hereditary, but not 
a commercial transmission of governmental powers 
like these. In the case of Xew Jersey the evil worked 
its own remedy. The Propriettiries became greatly 
multiplied, and goverumental functions came to be 
so inconvenient that they were gladly surrendered to 
the crown. 

Altliough the first Proprietaries of Xew Jersey- 
were invented with such ample powers tliey did not 
evince a desire or design to use them improjierly ; 
they were liberal, or sagacious, or both. There had 
been a long period of agitation in England, during 
whicli people had been led to investigate the true 
principles of civil and religious liberty, and in Amer- 
ica popular opinion and feeling was still further ad- 
vanced. The object of S{mie of the emigrants from 
the mother-country had been the fuller enjoyment of 
civil liberty and freedom of conscience, and although 
they bad not in every instance carried out tlie spirit 
of the original object, altliough those who termed 
themselves exiles for conscience' sake had aijiighc to 
liold in bondage the consciences of otliers, tind al- 
though the robe of the Puritan had become red with 
the blood of the Quaker, the general tendency was 
toward popular freedom. Discerning minds were 
able to foresee tliat ])ermanence was only to be ex- 
pected in those governments which recognized this 



tendency, and provided for the enjoyment by the 
people of that freedom to which they had cmne to 
consider themselves entitled. Berkeley and Carteret 
probably perceived and understood tliis tendency, 
and in the fiindaineiital law which they prcicribiil 
for their province they recognized the rights and 
privileges of the people to an extent that luid not pre- 
viously been done. This fundamental law or consti- 
tution was entitled " The Concession and Agreement 
of the Lords Proprietors of the Province of New Ctes- 
area. or Xew .Jersey, to and with all and every of 
tlie adventurers, and all ^uch as shall settle or plant 
there." 

Space will not permit a detail of the provisions 
of this constitution. It jirovided for the election by 
the peoj)le of a (ieneral Assembly, and on this A.ssein- 
bly alone was conferred the power of imposing taxes. 
The Governor and Council were by a prohibitory 
article forbidden to impose, or suffer to be imposed, 
any tax, custom, subsidy, toilage, assessment, or any 
other duty whatsoever, upon any color or pretense. 
Justice was administered by popular tribunals, and 
an almost unlimited privilege of appeal wtis given. 
Entire freedom of conscience was guaranteed to 
every peaceable citizen. 

It has been said of this, it '" v^■as truly a constitu- 
tion, an unalterable, pttramount law, pre^cribino- and 
regulating the duties and powers of the ageuts of tlie 
government, whether legislative, executive, or judi- 
cial, wiiilst all the provisions of the instrument of 
1776 save three are placed at the will of the Legisla- 
ture. What more was necessary, save the perpetuity 
of the laws, to assure the people all the ble-sings of 
political union? Xo laws were in force, save for one 
year, without the assent of the Lords Proprietors, But 
laws which did not infringe their interests would com- 
monly receive their assent, and, when it was rei'used, 
at the worst, the Assembly was compelled to re-enact 
such laws annually. It was. indeed, a singular com- 
)ietition which these Propriet.iry governments pro- 
duced, in which despotic sovereign? and speculative 
legislators were compelled by interest to vie with 
each other in the production of models of liberty, 
and in offering to their subjects the most effectual 
securities against arbitrary government. Tlie compe- 
tition was the noble though compulsory sacrifice to 
the great and divine [irinciple that man in the ag- 
gregate is competent to promote his own happiness." 

The executive po^ver was reserved to the Proprie- 
taries. Tliey sought to attract hither settlers by lib- 
eral offers of land, as well as by the establishment of 
a free and popular government. To all persons 
coming to the province, with a view of settling in it, 
allotments of land were offered, proportioned to the 
earliness of their immigration, and to the number of 
servants or slaves that they kept. They were to main- 
tain one able-bodied male servant lor every hundred 
acres of land which they helil, and to pay a (juit-rent 
of a half-penny per acre after 1G70. These quit-rents 



IC 



IIISTOKY OF GLOUCESTER. SALEM, AND CL'MBEULAND COUNTIES. 



were regarded as the private estate of the Proprietors, 
and the public expenses were to be defrayed by i;en- 
eral contribution. Thcsequit-rents were subsequently 
a source of >eriou.s diiliculty. 

Philip Carteret, a brother of Sir George, was ap- 
pointed by the Proprietaries tirst Goveruor of their 
province. Before his arrival circumstances arose 
which gave much embarnissment subsequently, (.iov- 
ernor XiouUs, of the [irovince of New York, was not 
aware of the grant to the Proprietaries, but supposed 
himself Governor of the entire territory. He took 
measures to promote the settlement of the colony, 
and some of the colonists located in New .Jersey, and 
purchased land there from the natives, but Governor 
Carteret assumed the duties of his office on his ar- 
rival, and Governor Xicolls reluctantly surrendered 
the i>osition. The titles that had been thus acijuired 
under the authority of Governor Xicolls, conflicted to 
some extent, with those granted by the Proprietaries. 
Privileges had been granted by X'icolls different 
from those of the Proprietaries' grantees, and the 
result of the disagreements was an insurrection, 
which, after a time, led to the retirement of Gov- 
ernor Carteret. In the controversy which thus arose, 
the Duke of York exhibited his characteristic weak 
and vacillating character. 

The first legislative assembly met in ICGS, and 
completed the work of the session in four days. 

The reconquest by the Dutch of their old possessions 
here, and their repossession by the English, are mat- 
ters of history not especially important in the history 
of this part of the State. After the restoration of 
their possessions to the English some doubt arose as 
to whether the title of the Proprietaries was or was 
not destroyed by the reconquest, and to settle this 
doubt the Duke of York executed a new conveyance, 
in almost the same terms as the first, and this was af- 
terward confirmed by the king. Lord Berkeley had 
disposed of his interest in the province, and this grant 
was made to Sir George Carteret alone. 

During a few years there was much disturbance in 
the province, arising primarily from the question of 
jurisdiction, which the weakness and vacillation of 
the duke tended to perpetuate. The Governors of 
New Netherland sought to exercise authority, and at 
the same time the opposition to the payment of quit- 
rents was another source of serious difficulty; what 
was afterwards known as East Jersey wiusthe principal 
theatre of the.-e disturbances. 

Governor Carteret returned from England and re- 
sumed the exercise of his gubernatorial functions in 
167o. Up to this time no settlement had been made 
in West Jersey under the Duke of York's grant 

The, sect of C^uakers had arisen in England, and 
they had become the subjects of great persecutiim 
and oppression there. This is not the proper place 
to enter into a discu.ssion concerning the conduct of 
these people, or of those who persecuted and op- 
pressed them. While the latter can never escape the 



just censure of the civilized world for their intoler- 
ance and bigotry, it is probably true of the former 
that a portion of them, in the early period of the ex- 
istence of the sect, did much by their extr.ivugance 
and fanaticism to jirovoke the exercise of the ■nli'mj 
spirit of intolerance which was then so prevaK'nt. It 
was said of some of these people, and j)robabl/ with 
equal truth and severity, that they rushed with frantii: 
zeal to New England in quest of persecution at the 
hands of the Puritans, who had before fled from Eng- 
land in quest of a field lor the free exercise of their 
intolerant spirit. The toleration of their principles 
was less the object of their desire than the victorious 
spread of them. " But there were others," says tira- 
hame,' "of more moderate temper and more enlight- 
ened piety, who, willing fully to sustain the character 
of the primitive Christians, justly deemed this char- 
acter in no way inconsistent with that conduct ivhicli 
was expressly prescribed to the objects of tiieir imi- 
tation in the divine direction that, when persecute'! 
in one city they should flee to another. L>isturbed 
in their religious assemblies, harassed and impover- 
ished by fines and imprisonments, and withal contin- 
ually exposed to a violent removal from their native 
land, as a consequence of a line of conduct which 
they held it their duty to pursue, they were led to 
meditate the advantage of a voluntary expatriation 
with their I'amilies and their substance, and naturally 
cast their eyes on that transatlantic realm which, 
notwithstanding the severities once inllicted on some 
of their brethren in some of its provinces, had always 
presented an asylum to the victims of persecution. 
Their regards were further directed to this quarter by 
the number of their fellow sectaries who were now es- 
tablished in several of the North American .States, 
and the freedom, comfort, and tranquillity which they 
were reported there to enjoy." 

At this time Lord Berkeley became alarmed at the 
spirit of insubordination which the planters of New 
Jersey manifested, and dissatisfied with the pecuni- 
ary prospects of his adventure. He therefore offered 
his interest in the province for sale. It was n'>t long 
before he received from two Quakers, .John Fonwick 
and Edward Byllinge, a satisfactory offer, and in lo74 
he conveyed his interest to Fenwick in trust f jr him- 
self and Byllinge. A difficulty arose between these 
purchasers, the precise nature of which is not known, 
and, as a resort to the law was repugnant to the prin- 
ciples of the Quakers, the matter was subiniticii to 
the arbitrament of William Peun, who had then come 
to occupy a conspicuous position among the leaders 
in the society. He awarded one-tenth of the purchase 
to Fenwick and the remainder to Byllinge, and al- 
though Fenwick wa.s at first dissatisfied with the de- 
cision he at length assented to it, and in 1075 he, with 
his family, sailed in the ship " GrifHth" for his newly- 
purchiused territory. Among those who came \i'ich 

J History of !»urUi America, Tol. il. p. 278. 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



17 



I, IN were EdwarJ Champneys, his son-in-law, Edward 
\\Adc, Samuel Wade, John Smith and wife, Samuel 
\,,li.dMin, Kicliard Guy, Richard Xoble, Richard 
H ;iicoclc, Jolin Pledger, Hipolite Letever, John Mal- 
1, .k, and others masters of families. He also brouirht 
i-.i.inv servants, and with him came Samuel IIed£;e, 
»iio afterwards married his dauirliter Anne, and John 
•.'Um*, wlio had married his daughter Elizabeth. , 
l'!n> ■■Gritlith" was the first English ship that came 
J.I \Ve<t Jersey after its purchase by the PViends, and 
n.i other came during two years. Betbre his depar- 
ii:re he gave to John Eldridge and Edmund Warner 
a ioa-e for a thousand years of his portion, with dis- 
cntionary power to sell, as security for the payment 
of money loaned him. The party settled at Salem, 
iiid Fcnwick soon purchased from the Indians a large 
tract of country. He proceeded to make grants of 
bud, and assumed authority as Chief Proprietor. 

liyllinge was a merchant, and in the prosecution of 
hi'i business became involved in losses, so that it be- 
came necessary to make an assignment of his interest 
in the province for the benefit of his creditors. The 
priivince had been acquired with a view of afibrdiug 
.% place of settlement for the jiersecuted Quakers, and 
it was desirable that it should be so held that tliey 
might derive from it the contemplated benefit. It 
^-:\- therefore assigned to throe members of the sect, 
—William Penn, Gawen Lawrie, and Nicholas Lucas. 
Tiie a-signment was executed by Fenwick and Byl- 
linge, and conveyed nine undivided tenth parts of 
the province for the benefit of the creditors of the 
latter. This had been done before the departure of 
Fvnwick from England. 

.Vfter his arrival difficulty arose from an unexpected 
quarter. Although the first grant of the Duke of 
York had been confirmed, Edmund Andfoss, whom 
the duke had appointed Governor of New Y'ork, 
claimed jurisdiction here, and having been informed 
by Edmund Cantwell, his collector of customs at New 
Cattle, of the doings of Fanwick on the east side of 
till.- Delaware, an order was sent for his arrest, and he 
wa.s forcibly taken and carried to New Y'ork ; but 
after an exhibition of his authority he was released 
and allowed to return. 

Meantime measures for the more general settlement 
of the province were adopted. Many of the creditors 
of Byllinge accepted laI^Js from the assignees in sat- 
i-faction of their claims, and other parties made pur- 
chases. 

That the province might be settled and governed 
nith greater facility, it was desirable that a division 
"hiiuld be made with Carteret. In order that this 
"'i.L-ht be the more readily effected, Eldridge and 
"arner, the lessees of Fenwick, conveyed the one- 
'i-nth to Penn, Lawrie, and Lucas, who were thus 
<-'iMbled to make the partition with Carteret. A di- 
^'i>ion was agreed on, and the agreement was ratified 
C'v an instrument known, from the number of persons 
engaged in the transaction, .as the " Quintipartite 
2 



Deed." This deed, which was executed July 1, 1070, 
defined the line of division as extending across the 
province from Little Egs Harbor to a point on the 
Delaware at the forty-first degree of latitude, and the 
two ]iarts were called respectively East and West 
Jersey. After the partition F\vllinge and his trus- 
tees reconveyed to Eldridge and Warner, in fee, that 
which they had held by lease, and thus I-'enwick 
was cut olT from the shadow of a title which re- 
mained to him after he had leased his portion. 
Ditficulty arose with Fenwick in consequence of 
this, and commissioners were appointed to settle it. 
Pending the settlement the Proprietary government 
in West Jersey was established. 

This scheme of government was originally devised 
by Penn and his immediate associates, but it was sub- 
mitted to other Proprietaries, as they. acquired inter- 
ests, and received their sanction. It was promulgated 
March 3, lt376, and was termed "The Concessions and 
Agreements of the Proprietors, Freeholders, and In- 
habitants of the Province of We.>t Jersey in Amer- 
ica." The provisions of the instrument were re- 
garded as fundamental, and were declared unalterable. 
It was provided that they should be read at the open- 
ing and dissolution of each General Assembly, and 
"also to be read, in a solemn manner, four times a 
year, in every hall of justice within the province." 

The liberality of the concessions of the original 
proprietors, Berkeley and Carteret, have been spoken 
of, but, as Field says, — 



"The 
lii.eral. 



tlior; 



e be.iutirul fabrif 
IJ be forever embalmed i 
niber of men ui>'jD earth. 



tors of W, 


;st Jersey v 


lere still more 


: free gove 


•rnmeut wa 


3 never reared. 


he memor 


V of Jersev: 


men. Nn man 


:h i3it3lar 
ices in reli: 


>guage, hav 


e power or .iu- 
irs. therefore it 



vhatsoe 



ithin 



is agreed and ordained that no person or f 
said province, shall at any time hereafter, in any way or uijoii any pre- 
tence whatsoever, be called in question, or in the least punished or hurt, 
either in person, privilege, or estate, for the sake of his opinion, judge- 
ment, faith, or worship in matters of religion. Never was there a mure 
cotnpreiiensive act of religious toleration, and never was it violated, 
either in its letter or its spirit. That could be said of the ■.4n;:kers of 
New Jei-sey which could nut be said of the Puritans of New England, 
' They had suffered persecution and learned mercy." " 

Again, the instrument set forth, "It being intended 
and resolved, by the help of the Lord and these our 
concessions, that every per.son inhabiting the said 
province shall, as far as in us lies, be free from op- 
pression and slavery." 

Grahame says of these concessions that they entitle 
their authors to a large sliare in the honor of plant- 
ing civil liberty in America, and Penn and some of 
his colleagues said, in alluding to theui, " Tliere we 
lay a foundation for after ages to understand their 
liberty, as men and Christians, that they may not be 
brought in bondage but by their own consent, for we 
put the power in the people." 

This voluntary relinquishment of the power which 
tliev, as Proprietaries, possessed, and recognition of 
the right and the ability of the people to govern 
themselves, is the more remarkable, because it pre- 



18 



HISTORY OF GLOUCESTER. SALEM, AND CUMBERLAND COUNTIES. 



ceded by a century the a.ssertioii of that right in tlie 
declaration of American independence. It has been 
said that, in .-^orae respects, this scheme of government 
was so liberal its almost to jeopardize its safety. If 
its founders erred in that direction, it mu.-t be re- 
membered that their situation rendered them more 
keenly alive to the evils of oppression than to the 
dangers of anarchy. If it lacked vigor it gave full 
security to freedom. Some of its special provisions 
are worthy of notice, because of the strong contrast 
which they exhibit with the practice of other colonies, 
and, indeed, of this nation down to the present time. 
In the case of the purchase of lands from the natives 
no steps were to be taken till these had been visited 
and made fully acquainted with the wishes and de- 
signs of the whites, and compensation arranged and 
agreed on. It was also provided that, in case of in- 
jury to the natives, plenary satisfaction should be 
rendered, and in all matters of dili'erence, wherein 
Indians were concerned, trial should be before six of 
the whites and the same number of the natives. The 
price of land was fixed at one penny per acre, except 
where it was to be laid out in towns, in which case it 
was to be one penny and a half. 

One hundred and fifty-one names were subscribed 
to these concessions, as follows : 



William lUnieL 
Robert Z^ino. 
Waller Peitereeu. 
Anthony Page. 
Andrew Burtles.'D. 
Wolley WooUijon. 
.\nthony Itickaon. 
.luhn Denna. 
Thoma'! Benson. 
John Puine. 
Richarl Buffingtol 
.Saniwel Lovet. 



Barn a 
Thonii 



.1 PevenJish. 

6 Stokes. 
Thomas French. 
lAiac Slarriott. 
Jr.hn Butcher. 

.Vndrew Thompson. 
Thomas Kent. 
Henry Jeniiigs. 
Henry Stubl.ens. 
William Willis. 
George f!asel«.jod. 
Rodger Pedrick. 
William Hughes. 
Abraham Vanbighst 
Hipolitai Lefever. 
William Wilkinson. 
Andrew Sheiino<:k. 



Lanse C, 
Samuel Hedg 
WiUiam Maal 
John Grubb. 



Cli.Jl 



John Worlidgc. 
E. Meyer. 
Thom^is Borton. 
Robert Powel. 
Thom.as Harding. 
Matthew Allen. 
R. Right. 
Godfrey Hancock 
John Petty. 
Abraham Hewling 
John Ne-.vbold. 
John White. 
John R.>borts. 
John Wood. 
John Gosling. 
Thomas Revel. 



Eli: 



:Feii 



Samuel Uldale. 
■William Black. 
Anthony Woodhousi 
Geo. Hatcliiu-on. 



Tho: 



i Gardii 



Thomas Eves. 
John Borton. 
John Pwne. 
Richard Fenimore 
Thomas Schooley. 
Daniel Leeds. 
John PaiLCoast. 
Francis Beswick. 
William Laswall. 
John Suowden*. 
Gruna Jacobson. 



E. Bylyn 



Edward N'ethorp. 


John 


Peuford. 


Danie 


1 Wills. 


Thorn 


as Olive. 


Thon 


as Rudyard 


Willi 


am Biddle. 


Robert Stacy. 


John 


Farrington. 


Willi 


am F.oydon. 


Rich 


rd Mew. 


Perci 


.all Towle. 


Mahl 


on Sucy. 


Thomas Budd. 


Samu 


el Jennins. 


John 


Lambert. 


William Hewlings 


George De^icon. 


John 


Thomr«n. 


Edwa 


jd Brad way. 


Rich 


rd Guy. 


Jame 


3 Navill. 


Willi 


am Cantwell. 


^ospc 


Ontstout. 


Macl 


gyel Baron. 


Caap. 


Herman. 


Turr 


e Plese. 


Robe 


rt Kemble. 


John 


Cornelise. 


Garre 


t Van Jumne 


Willi 


am Gill John 


Gawe 


a Lawrie. 


■\Viili 


a.-a Penn. 


■Willi 


am Eniley. 


Josbi 


a Wright. 


Nicholas Lucas. 


Willi 


im Haig. 


Willi 


am Peachee. 


Richard 5iathew=. 


John 


HaraciB. 


Francis Cuilios. 



William Kent. 
Benjamin ScotL 
Th.imas Lambert. 
Thomas Hooton. 
Henry Stacy. 
Aert. Jansen. 
John Surege. 
Thom.a3 Smith. 
James Pearce. 
Edward Web. 
John Pledge.-. 
Richard Wilkinson. 
Christopher Sanders 
Reneare ^■aIlhu^3t. 
■William Johnson. 
Charles Bagley. 
Samuel Wade. 
Thomas Wo.>Jrofe. 
John Smith. 



Tho 



William Warner. 
Joseph Warne. 
Michael Lackeous. 
Markas Algus. 
Evert Aldr.cks. 
Hendrick Everson. 
JillisTomeseu. 
CI aas Jansen. 
Richard Wareaii. 
Christopher While 
Paul Iiociiiel. 
Joun MaLd"Cks. 
John Forriit. 
James VIeary. 
William l:un.-oy. 
Richard P...bii.ju. 
Mark Reeve. 
Thomai Wals.jn. 



Sim 



el Nichols 



Daniel Smith. 



It must be borne in mind that this government iva- 
projected while the Proprietors were still in Englani 
Commissioners were appointed by them to superin- 
tend the settlement of the province and the intmduv- 
tion of the government. 

These comini-<ioners were Thomas Olive, Danie. 
Wills, John Kinsey, John Penford, Joseph Helrasley 
Robert Stacey, Benjamin Scott, Richard Guy, an. 
Thomas Foulke. They (except Guy, who had con.i 
witli Fenwick) came in the ship "Kent," and arrive- 
at New Castle in August, 1676. With them came tiv. 
hundred and thirty immigrants, mostly Quaker.- r. 
wealth and character, who.expatriated themselve- be- 
cause of their dislike for the principles which their 
predecessors under Ployden had sought to transpla:': 
here. 

"Their minds had been enlarged by the free spir;' 
of inquiry which preceded the great revolution, iir; ■ 
could not again be compressed into the narrouT.-:— 
of acknowledging the divin» right of kings, either :- 
matters of church or state. Wliile others, theref'T'- 
threw up at the re:^toratiori the same caps with whic:. 
they had hailed the bleeding head of Charles the Fii-' 
these Quakers sought an asylum in the western wor! 
where they might nourish their deep-rooted hatrc 
for the pageantry of monarchs and the hypocri.-y ■ 
priests. It was no secret to Charles the Second tii.V 
the followers of Fox entertained and avowed the iir ■' 
latitudinarian doctrines of government and chur'j. 
polity, yet, while the 'Kent' lay in tho Thames, ti...' 
sceplered harlequin, who was pleasuring in his bar.- 
came alongside, asked if the passengers were t^ua^cci ■ 



GENERAL HISTOIIY. 



19 



,J hIjiti' tliey wore bound, and save tliem his bless 
, - 'Tlii'< last cireunistance,' ^:lys Mulford. ' may 
»,,n) Miniewlirtt extraordinary when we reflect that at 
it r very lime when it took place thousands of the 
ii.;iii<r< were sull'ering- throughout Charles' doniin- 
,,_,;!.. liiit it was in character with the monarch, ever 
.ci'f'th and specious in his exterior, but in heart de- 
ir'.'.ive and corrupt : his character was a gilded clieat. 
Vfi, i^crhaps, a blessing from him was better than a 
wilediction, and if aught of advantage was conferred, ' 
U-l us not be ungrateful.' 

"The ' Kent' landed her passengers at the mouth 
• .f !!ie Ilacoon Creek, where the Swedes had left a few 
■.■.itterinc habitations. These not being sufficient to 
acoinmodate them all, some took possession of cow- 
lUlIs, and apartments of that sort until other edifices 
c-n\<\ be built. From Watson's description of the 
^weiiish houses in the olden time it seems there was 
bale choice between them and the stalls. Each nian- 
fi-'n consisted of but one room, with a door so low as 
to reipiire those entering to stoop, and no windows 
►ave loop-holes with sliding boards or isinglass dead- 
liphts. Their chimneys in one corner were of gray 
sandstone, abjoining to which was an oven, and the 
cracks between the logs of which the house was built 
were filled with clay. These dwellings had been 
r.bandoned by the concentration of the Swedes at the 
ii"H- obliterated village of Repaapo, or at the ancient 
wwn of Racoon, now- called Swedesborough, and it 
h probable, from the description, that they had been 
uriginally built by the servile Finns and Laps, who 
iilled the ground.'' 

The commissioners waited on Governor Audross, of 
New York, who claimed jurisdiction here under his 
cosuuiission, but who finally gave them a temporary 
warrant to proceed with their settlement. ' ' 

Soon after the commissioners joined the settlers al- 
ready in the colony they purchased from the natives, ' 
in three parcels, the lands on the Delaware from the 
A"nnpink on the north to Oldnian's Creek on the 
*<'Uth, the latter being the boundary of P'enwick's 
purchase. 

According to the record of the deed in the office of 
'he Secretary of State in Trenton, the first purchase 
"as made on the 10th of September, 1677, from 
' Katanias, Sekappio, Peanto, a/ids Enequeto, and 
'•■■■nnowigliwan, Indian Sarkamarkoes," and embraced 
•he land between Rancocas and Timber Creeks, 
c-'Unded on the east by a right line between the up- 
J"-rinost head of each stream. The consideration was 

■"■"J- lii ffiidonie uf duffeh, tliirtv Waiikits, one hundred and fifty 
»• -Jod, of powder, tliirty gunns, two hundred ffadome of wampuui, 
'•^^7 ketUen, thirty jxes, thirty small howes, thirty aula, thirty ucedles, 
'^ -ly li.ikini,- glasses, thirty paire of stockinirs, seaveci anchors of 
'■'-'■■!>. thirty knives, thirty LarrM of lead, thirty bix rings, thirty Jewes 
■'■i', thirty Combs, thirty hracelets, thirty ll^ll^, thii ty tobacco tow^s, 
■''^y Piiire of i,i.«ors, twelve tobacco boxes, thirty ffliutes, tenne pewter 
•Cs.ijfull, of paint, one hundred ffiah hooks, and one griwie of pipes." 

•-tp'eniber 27th, of the same year, another deed was 



executed to the commissioners by the chiefs ^[ohock- 
sey, Tetanichro. and .\pperinges for a tract 

"hct«c,.n the niidjlroam of oldnian's creek to the southward, and the 
midstream of Timber creek t-. the northwar.!, and bounded, to the east- 
wanl, by a right lyne extending along the country from the npperniost 
head of Oldman's creek to the uppermost head of Timber creek, for the 
consideration of thirty match coats, twenty guns, tliirly kettles, and one 
great one, thirty paire of hose, tweuty fT.idoiue of duffels, thirty petti- 
coats, thirty Indian axes, thirty narrow howes, thirty baixes of lead, 
fifteen small barrels of powder, seaveiity knives, sixty paire of tohacco 
tongs, shxty sissors, sixty tiushaw looking gbasses, seaventy combs, one 
hundred and twenty oul blades, one hnndrcj and twenty flisli hooks, 
two grasps of red paint, one hundred and twenty needles, sixty t^'bacco 
boxes, one hundred and twenty pipes, two hundred bells, one hundred 
Jews harps, and six anchors of rum." 

The Proprietors had sold to a company in York, 
and another in London, a tenth each of the West 
Jersey purchase, and one of these located first in the 
vicinity of Timber Creek, but subsequently went 
farther north to the vicinity of Burlington. 

The commissioners were empowered to make all 
necessary regulations for laying out and settling the 
colony, under the concessions, but were not to make 
new laws. In 1678, Fenwick was liberated at New 
Y'ork, and returned to Salem. He assumed authority 
as Proprietor, appointed officers, and demanded the 
submission of the people. Although the commis- 
sioners sent by the Proprietors forbore to interfere 
with him, as they had a right to do. the authorities 
at Xew Y'ork, under their assumed jurisdiction, gave 
orders that he should be arrested for a violation ol 
the parole he had given on his liberation, not to at- 

. tempt the exercise of authority here. He persisied, 
and was arrested and taken to New Castle. 

Further difficulties soon arose. Duties had been 
imposed by Governor Lovelace, of New Y''ork, on all 
goods passing up the Delaware, and the payment of 

I these duties was rigidly enforced by Governor An- 
dross, who permitted no exemption "to the smallest 

■ vessel, boat, or person." The Proprietaries in Eng- 
land made frequent appeals to the Duke of York 
against the assumption of a power that reduced them 
to the condition of tributaries, and to escape from 
their importunities he appointed commissioners to 
examine and report in the case. By them, with the 
consent of the duke, the matter was referred to Sir 
William Jones, who, after hearing the able defense 
of their rights by the (Quaker Proprietors, gave his 
decision 



ted < 



n for his Royal Iliglinesa 
n the inhabitants of New 
yet heardi that the duke 
ihabitants of these lamJs; 
=t his Royal H)ghne»a is 
m his Royal Highness to 



vimh 



that having heard what hath been 
J make good the demand of five per cent, fi 
ersey I am not satisfied (by anything I ha 
an demand that or any other duty from the 
ud that which makes the case stronger aga 
hat these inhabitants claiu) under a grant 1 
he Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret, 
of any proiit or so mucli^as juris 



The Duke of York assented to this decision, and in 
16S0 executed another deed of confirmation, in which 
he conveyed the province of West Jersey to Ed'.vard 
Byllinge, Williuin Penn, Gaweri Lawrie, Nichola.s 
Lucas, John Eldridge, and Edmund Wanier. This 



2ii 



HISTOHY OF GLOUCKSTEU, SALKM, AND CUMliKKLAND COUNTIHS. 



convevance w;i>i in i^iich :i I'orm tluit, while it eon- 
veyeJ the pnijiertv to the :ibove-n:imotl proprieturs. 
it gave tlie pou-cn, niif/ioritics, Juri.'dicfioiif, ijovrn- 
menU, etc., to EJward Byllinge almie, and his lieirs 
or assigns. Byllinge tailed to continii the coiu-es- 
sioiis of the Proprietors anew, and tiie govomnient of 
West Jersey assumed a ditferetit I'onii, though the 
spirit of the concessions wa.s preserved. 

The conflict of authority, whicli had been still 
more fierce in East Jersey between Andross and the 
Proprietary government, was finally terminated in 
IGSl. In his conduct during this conflict the duke 
was thought to exhibit a want both of honesty and 
capacity. 

The conveyance by the Duke of York to Ryllinge 
of governmental authority had given him an ajipear- 
ance of riglit, which he did not resign, and which the 
Proprietors did not seem inclined to contest. All con- 
flict, however, was avoided by the election by tlie Pro- 
prietors of Byllinge as Governor of the province. He 
-at once appointed Samuel Jennings his deputy, and 
he summoned an Assembly, wliich met Xov. 21, 16S1. 
This Assembly declared : 

"Foinsmiicli as it hath pleased God to hriiij us into this province of 
West New Jersey, and settle ns here in s-Tlety. that we may be a peuple 
to the praise .ind honor of His name who hatli dealt so »itb us, and f.jr 
the go.'d and welfare of onr pcsterity to come, we, the Governor and 
proprietors, freeholders, and inhabitants of West Xew Jersey, by mutual 
consent and af:reement,for the prevention of innovation and oppre^sio[l 
either upon us or our posterity, atid for tlie preservation of the peace 
and tranquillity of the same, and that all may be encouraged to go on 
cheerfully in their several jdaces. do make and constitute these our 
agreements, to be as fundamentals to us and our posterity, to be held 
inviolable, and that no person or persons whatever shall or may make 
void or disannul the same upon any pretence whatever." 

The agreements or fundamentals thus adopted were 
fully as liberal as the former ones, and the rights of 
the people were even more strongly guarded, while 
the powers and prerogatives of the Governor and 
Council were more carefully limited. 

Says Grahame, "Of the laws that were enacted on 
this occasion the most remarkable feature is a provi^ion 
that in all criminal cases, except treason, murder, and 
theft, the person aggrieved should have the power to 
pardon the offender, whether before or after condem- 
nation, a provision of a very questionable expedi- 
ency, but probably intended to prevent the Christian 
requirement of forgiveness of injuries from being evac- 
uated, as in most countries is practically done by the 
supposed municipal duty which engages a man to 
avenge, in his capacity of a citizen, the wrong which, 
as a Christian, he is commanded to forgive. . . . For 
the encouragement of poor but industrious laborers, 
who obtained the means of emigrating from Europe 
by indenting themselves as servants to more wealtliy 
planters, every servant was authorized to claim from 
his master, at the expiration of his indenture, a set of 
implements of husbandry, certain articles of apparel, 
and ten bushels of corn. To prevent the resort of 
worthless and vicious characters to the province a 
lav/ was soon after passed requiring every new settler, 



under pain of a pecuniary fine, to give satisfiictory 
evidence to a justice of tlie peace that his change of 
residence was not the consequence of crime, or an act 
of fraud, but that he was reputed a person of blame- 
1l>s character and a sober life. From tliis pcri'id till 
the dissolution of the Proprietary government the 
Assembly was annually convoked. It did not always 
confine itself to the exercise of the ample power? 
with which it was constitutionally endowed, for wIrii 
Byllinge soon after proposed to deprive Jennings, the 
deputy Governor, of his office, the Assemlily inter- 
posed to prevent this measure, declaring that Jen- 
nings gave satistaction to the people, and desiring 
him to retain his sitiuition." 

In 16S1-S2 another "tenth," called, from the na- 
tionality of a m.ajority of the settlers, the Irish tenth, 
was taken up and settled. It was numerically termed 
the third tenth, and extended from Pensauken to 
Timber Creek. The province was, in ir>S2, divided 
into two judicial districts or counties, one of wliicli 
had its seat at Burlington and the other at Salem. 

The people had acquiesced in the change by the 
last grant from the Duke of York, but they became 
unquiet, and began to insist on the restoration of th.e 
status under the old grants as a matter of right. By 
a resolution of the Assembly Governor Jennings and 
Thomas Budd were sent to England to negotiate for 
a full restoration of the government to the Proprie- 
tors as before. In this they were only partially suc- 
cessful. A new charter was given, but with no im- 
portant concessions. John Skene was appointed 
Deputy Governor, and entered on his duties in lij-S-> 
and the Assembly adjourned to " some fit and season- 
able time.'' It is positively stated by the historians 
Mickle and Mullbrd that the Assembly did not again 
convene till the latter part of 1692, but the following 
extracts seem clearly to contradict this statement. 

At the session of Nov. 3-12, 1G92, an act was 
passed, the preamble to which set ibrth that — 

■' Wh»rea.s. for several v ears past, there halh li-en lield yearhj avd eiery 
ye.ir at Burlington a General .Assembly at two several times in the year 
—viz., on the l.:ih day of May and on. the 3J .i.ay of November, then 
after, and it being found by experience that the session held in Novem- 

It was enacted that but one session be held an- 
nually. 

At the same session it was enacted that — 

" Whereas, there has been several petitions e.iliilile.l to tl.ia h..r.se by 
the people inhabitiuil about Pensaukin Creek, intimating their dissatis- 
f.iclion concerninK the line intended for the division line between the 
counties of Burlington and Gloucester, and aL oars.uioin m M.iij tail fail 
the house, having heard their petition and del-alc-d it, resolved to ap- 
point four of the members of the Assemblv, viz., John Tatham, Thoma.= 
Gardiner. Jr., Andrew Robinson, and Daniel Leeds, to review the Place, 
and, according to tlieir Discretion, to fix the line of Partition between 
the said counties the boundaries whereof the Persons aboveiaid affixe-l 
as follows," 2 etc. 

It was therefore enacted that these bijundaries 
should stand a.s fixed, •'firm and inviolable Ironi 



1 Learning and Spicer, p 510. 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



21 



!r.f 



"1 



hJ 



1C| 



',r.<Tr"rlli nnd forever." This act wa.^ repealed at 
■ r next i'l-s.'^ion of tlio Assembly. 

An-itlier tenth, exteiuling from Timber Creek to 
1 ' inian's Creek, had by this time been t;ikeii up, :uni 
;■ M.iv, I6St), a eniivetition was lu-bl at (TJoiieester, 
,:, 1 aimther ecumty, tliat of Gl()uce>ter, wa^j erected 
»• i . undivided into townships, and courts were eon- 
i-.. lilted. It included the territory from the Pen- 
.ji'.in to Oldman's Creek. 

.Miekle says, "In 1687, on account of frequent 
»:•< nations and transfers, the Proprietors had become 
;.-. numerous to conduct their business in their for- 
; rr democratic manner, and accordinirly a Proprie- 
v>rv Council was selected, on the fourteenth of Feb- 
M.iry in that year, to manage all matters relating to 
u'l-'Mted lands. This Council, the ghost of the once 
( ..lent Proprietary government of West Jersey, has 
.urvived two revolutions, though there has long been 
i at little real necessity for its continuance." 

In 16S7, By Hinge died, and Dr. Daniel Coxe, al- 
rrady a Proprietor, purchased from his heirs his entire 
ititi-rest. He assumed the title and powers of Gov- 
ernor, but in April. 1688, the government was surren- 
■iiTod to the crown, on condition tliat tlie rights of 
property should be undisturbed, and the whole of 
New Jersey, with New York and New England, came 
ijader the authority of Edmund Andross. 

This change was followed by but little alteration in 
the administration of aflairs. The same otiieers and 
!:iws were continued. On the 30th of March, the 
'•"ill of April, and the 16tli of May, 1(388, Co.xe made 
I '.irchases from the Indians of lands including the 
present counties of Cumberland and Cape May, and 
'.iiese purchases received the sanction of the Council 
01 Proprietors. The Proprietary government, after a 
time, was resumed, as was the case in East Xew Jer- 
»ty. After the revolution in England Coxe claimed 
fidl governmental authority, but the people had be- 
came accustomed to exercise the right of self-govern- 
ment to a large extent. Coxe either became disheart- 
« ned or was tempted by an olTer, and in 1691 sold his 
intire interest in the province to the " West Jersey 
.Vj'.-iety," which was a com[)any of forty-eight per- 
»''ns. This society assumed the government of the 
1 rovince, and caused the appointment of Andrew 
Hamilton as Governor, and in this arrangement the 
I -"pie acquiesced. In 1692 the Assembly convened, 
and at this session the acts of the people in the es- 
i:ibli<hment of counties was confirmed, with some 
■"terationsof limits, and the county of Cape Mav was 
Ti-cted. 

In 1G94 further enactments were made relative to 
'lie boundaries of the counties, the election of repre- 
'• iitatives in the Assembly was directed to be bv 
'■"Unties instead of tenths, as before, and the number 
'" fach county was prescribed. County ofhcers, in- 
< lading justices, clerk and recorder, attorney, sheritF, 
""d coroner, were appointed by the Legislature. 
•>wi for those having conscientious scruple.s were 



dispensed with on assuming the duties of ofhce, and 
a declaration of fidelity and a profession of Christian 
faith was substituted. 

The administration of Governor Hamilton in West 
New .lersey was successful, but in 1697 it was brought 
to a close, and Jeremiah Basse was appointed by the 
concurrent action of the Proprietors in East and West 
New ,Iersey. Hamilton was in like manner reap- 
[jointed in 1C99. 

Conl'usion, confiict of interest, and threatened con- 
flict of authority in botii the Jerseys made the Pro- 
prietors and the people quite willing to surrender the 
government of both provinces to the crown, and ne- 
gotiations for that purpose were entered into. Pend- 
ing these negotiations, and when they were near their 
consummation, King William died. The matter was 
resumed and perfected, however, soon after the ac- 
cession of Queen Anne, and on the loth of .\pril, 
1702. the Proprietors of East and West Jersey sur- 
rendered, 

" anj by these presents do surrender and yield up to onr Sovereign 
Lady Anne, by the grace of God Qneen of England. Scotland, and Ire- 
land, defender of the faith, all the power, authorities, and privileges of 
or concerning the provinces aforesaid."' 

This surrender was, of course, made on such con- 
ditions as secured the civil interests and property of 
the Proprietors and people. 

A constitution for the united province was pre- 
scribed in the instructions to Lord Cornbury, the first 
Governor. Of the government thus established, Mul- 
ford says, "The former Proprietary bodies had lost a 
claim to authority which they had been scarcely able, 
if greatly desirous, to retain and enforce; but they 
were now to be secured, under royal assurance and 
direction, in the enjoyment of property. The people 
generally gained nothing whatever, liut were losers in 
many particulars. The government was far less fa- 
vorable to popular interests and rights than those 
w-hich had previously existed. The representative 
body, in regard to their meetings and sittings, were 
made wholly dependent upon the will of the Gov- 
ernor. The establishment of courts, and the deter- 
mination of their respective powers, with the salaries 
and fees of the officers, were to be regulated by the 
Governor and Council ; the |.ieople or their representa- 
tives were allowed scarcely any part or power in the 
institution and control of the judiciary departnifut 
of government. The public revenues were to be 
raised and disposed of under strict accountability to 
the Governor and the authorities in England ; the 
independent action of the popular representatives la 
matters of revenue extended little further than to fix 
and determine the amount of grants. The complete 
religious freedom formerly enjoyed was reduced to 
an imperfect toleration. Papists were wholly ex- 
cepted from the grant of liberty of conscience, and tiie 
influence and patronage of government was to be 
given in favor of a particular church. 

"The institution of slavery, which, though for- 



HISTORY OF GLOUCESTER, SALEM, AND CUMBERLAND COUNTIES. 



merly existing, had not been fostered, was now uriod 
upon tlie province by royal reconniiendation. As a 
still more decisive mark ot the character and temper 
of the government a direction was given that, I'oras- 
niuch as great inconveniencies may ari-e by tlie lib- 
erty of printing in our said province, you are to jiro- 
vide by all necessary orders that no person keep any 
press for printing, nor that any book, pamphlet, or 
other matters whatsoever be printed without your 
esjiecial leave and license tir>t obtained.'' 

Lord Cornbury was the Governor at the same time 
of the provinces of New York and Xew Jer.-ey. It 
was soon found that in his administration the rights 
and welfare of the people were disregarded, and tlie 
rights and interests of the Proprietaries were adroitly 
attacked ; and in 1704 the Proprietaries of the western 
division addressed a memorial to the lords commis- 
sioners of trade, setting forth their grievances. The 
Council of Proprietors for the western division con- 
tinued to meet and transact their business, but in 
170G the Governor interfered to prohibit them from 
further grants of lands. 

In the Assembly of 1707 Samuel Jennings took an 
active part in opposing the action of the Governor, 
and was appointed to read to him the firm remon- 
strance of the Assembly against his oppressive acts. 
During the entire administration of this tyrannical 
and selfish Governor the antagonism between him 
and the people grew more intense, till, in 1709, his 
commission was superseded by the queen, and he 
was at once thrown into prison for debt. He was 
succeeded by John, Lord Lovelace, who entered on 
his duties in 1708, and Ingoldsby, the Lieutenant- 
Governor under Cornbury, was continued in otHce. 
His conciliatory course aroused high hopes of pros- 
perity and quiet uuder his administration, which 
were suddenly terminated by his death. He was 
succeeded for a time by Ingold-by, who was de- 
servedly unpopular, and he for a short period by 
William Pinhorne, a member of the Council, who 
was equally so. In June, 1710, Col. Robert Hunter 
became Governor of New York and New .lersey. 
The administration of Governor Hunter wxs popular, 
but the harmony of the province was disturbed by 
the corrupt Council. In Western New Jersey the 
Quakers were in the majority of the population, and 
an act was passed by the Assembly to enable them to 
serve on juries, with a declaration or affirmation in- 
stead of au oath. Another more general act embrac- 
ing this provision was passed, but both were defeated 
by the Council. Measures were initiated by the As- 
sembly which resulted in the removal of the obnox- 
ious members of the Council. On the death of 
Queen Anne, in 1741, Governor Hunter was recom- 
missioned by George I., and continued in the exer- 
cise of his functions till 1711). He was a popular 
officer, and his administration was successful. 

He was succeeded by William Burnet, Esq. His 
administration was characterized by .strenuousness in 



upholding the authority of the king himself, and op- 
position to every measure for the extension of popular 
privileges. He left in 1727, and w.as •succeeded in 
172S by John Montgomerie, E^q. lie died in Julv, 
17;^.], .nnd Lewis Morris, president of the ('onncil. 
was acting Governor till August, 17.".-', when Williaiii 
Cosby, E-^q., became Governor. His administration 
continued till his death, in 17.'li>, wlien the govern- 
ment devolved on John Anderson, president of the 
Council. He died soon afterwards, and John Hamil- 
ton, Esq., next in order of seniority, became acting 
Governor, and continued nearly two years. 

The historian, Grahame, says of New .Jersey in 
1733, "Nothing could bo more tranquil and jiros- 
perous than the condition which New Jersey had now 
for many years enjoyed ; but. if we would ascertain 
the fruits and particulars of this silent prosperity, we 
must look forward to the year 173S. At the close of 
the preceding century New Jersey possessed about 
15,0u0 inhabitants; in the year 173S it contained 
41,367, of whom 3981 were slaves. The manufac- 
tures established in the province remained nearly 
stationary, but its trade had considerably increased. 
With the view of still further improving their condi- 
tion, as well as from a sense of their incre:ising im- 
portance, the people were generally desirous of an 
alteration in the practice according to which the 
administration of their executive government was 
included in the commission of the Governor of New 
York ; and in the year 1728 the Assembly petitioned 
the king that a separate Governor might be appointed 
for New Jersey. They complained of the hardship 
of being obliged to contribute a salary to a Governor 
who spent it in New Y'ork, and undertook to make a 
liberal provision for any Governor whom his majesty 
might appoint exclusively for themselves. Their 
petition met with little attention till 173i3, when the 
lords of trade presented a report in its favor to the 
privy council, and two years after Lewis Morris was 
appointed." 

At the commencement of his administration ex- 
pectations were entertaiued by the people which 
were not realized. Like some of his predecessors, he 
seemed more disposed to maintain the arbitrary as- 
sumptions of the English crown than to defend the 
rights and interests of the colonists. He died in May, 
1746, and was succeeded by John Hamilton. Esq.. 
senior member of the Council. He died in 1747, and 
John Reading, Esq., next in order of seniority, be- 
came acting Governor ; but in a short time Jonathan 
Belcher, Esq., was commissioned Governor of the 
province. On the 19th of .lanuary, 1748, an act was 
passed erecting the county of Cumlierland from the 
southern portion of Salem County. As usual in 
such cases, the choice of members of the .Assembly 
from th.e new county was suspended till the pleasure 
of the king should be made known, the freeholders 
meantime continuing to vote with Salein. The new 
county was named by Governor Belcher in honor ol 



GENERAL IIISTOIU'. 



23 



tiic Duke of Cumberland. Governor Belcher died in 
Vuiru.-^t, IT")", and the sovernnieiit Uirain devolved on 
.Ii.liii Kcadingr. He was super^^edcd in June, IT"''?, liy 
Krancis Bernard, E^q., and he. in 17o0, by Thomas 
l^ivine. Both the.se Governors were transferred to 
(tlior positions. In September, 1762, William Frauk- 
jiii. P~sq., the son of Benjamin Franklin, was coni- 
nii-sioned Governor. 

A history of the causes which led to the French 
war, or a detail of events in that contest is not neces- 
•aPi- here. In the prosecution of this war Xew Jer- 
M>v was called on, in 174(>, for live hundreil men. In 
re-ponse to this call six hundred and si.xty utfered 
liieni.selves for enlistment. There are no available 
laeans for leaminjj; how many of these were citizens 
of Southern New Jersey. Again, in 1755, the Assem- 
bly resolved to raise and equip a battalion of live 
liundred men, and an excess presented themselves for 
enlistment. 

When the Indians overran and devastated the 
country west of the Delaware, and refugees flocked 
|.i New Jersey, troops were dispatched from all parts 
(•f the province to defend the western frontier, and 
tlie expenses were defrayed by the contributions of 
Wealthy citizens. Not only were troops raised by au- 
thority of the provincial government, but recruiting 
parties from elsewhere enlisted men in Xew Jersey 
fir defense against the savage foe. One thousand 
were sent from New Jersey after the surrender of 
Castle William, on the southern shore of Lake 
(ieorge, and three thousand more were put in readi- 
ness to march, should occasion require. During the 
years 1758, 1759, and 1760, New Jersey kept her full 
loinplement of oue thousand men in the tield, and in 
1761 and 1762, six hundred, besides a company of 
sixty-four for garrison duty during the latter year. 
The annual expense to the colony of maintaining 
tliese troops was forty thousand pounds. In furnish- 
ing these troops and defraying this expense the south- 
ern counties bore their full share, but this portion of 
the province was never as seriously threatened with 
invasion as that farther north. The precise share of 
the burden borne by this part of the colony cannot 
""w be ascertained. 



CHA PTER VII. 

i;evoiatioxary histouy of .southern xew 

JERSEY. 

Battle of Red Bank.— The difliculties which led 
'0 the Revolutionary war, and the conduct of that 
"ar, are matters of history. In this sketch it is pro- 
\">'^ed to notice only those events which transpired 
•"i or in the immediate vicinity of Southern New Jer- 
'■'^y, and especially in the counties of Gloucester, 
•■^aleni, and Cumberland. The following account of 



the first important operations in this vicinity is taken 
mainly from Lossing's "' Field-Book of the Revolu- 
tiiin." 

'■ In the snmmer of 1777, Sir William Iluwe. the 
British commander-in-chief", sailed from New Vurk 
with a large land force, and with a naval armament 
under his brother Richard, Earl Howe, and landing 
at the head of Chesapeake Bay commenced a victo- 
rious march towards Philadelphia. Washington, in- 
formed of the movement, went out from Philadelphia 
to meet him, and had proceeded beyond the Brandy- 
wine, in the neighborhood of Wilmington, when the 
van of the enemy appeared at Kennet Square. The 
battle of Brandywine occurred soon afterward, in 
which the Americans were defeated and driven back 
towards Philadelphia. The enemy pushed steadily 
forward, and entered the city in triumph. In antici- 
pation of the possibility of such an event the Amer- 
icans had applied themselves diligently to the erection 
of obstructions in the Delaware to prevent the ascent 
of the British fleet, and also in rearing batteries upon 
the shores to cover them. Upon isolated marshes or 
low islands of mud, ni.ade green by reeds, a little 
below the mouth of the Schuylkill, they erected a 
strong redoubt, with quite extensive outworks, and 
called it Fort MitHin. These islands were called 
Great and Little Mud I>lands. The former, on 
which the redoubt and main works were erected, has 
been called Fort Island ever since that time. On the 
opposite shore of New Jersey a strong redoubt, called 
Fort Mercer, was also erected and well supplied with 
artillery. In the deep channels of the river, between 
and under cover of these batteries, they sunk ranges 
of strong frames with iron-pointed wooden spikes, 
called chevaux-de-jr'tse, which formed almost invul- 
nerable slockadoes. Three miles further down the 
river, at Billing's Point (now Billingsport), was a re- 
doubt with extensive outworks covering strong Hocka- 
does, which were sunken there in the navigable chan- 
nel of the river between the main and Billing's Island. 
In addition to these works several armed galleys and 
floating batteries were stationed in the river, all form- 
ing strong barriers against the fleet of the enemy. 
This circumstance troubled the British general, for 
he foresaw the consequences of having his supplies 
by water cut ott', and the danger to which his army 
would be exposed in Philadelphia if unsupported by 
the fleet." 

To be secure in the possession of the city, and to 
be able to provide for the comfort of his army, he 
found it necessary to acquire the free navigation of 
the river which was thus impeded. 
' " Immediately after the battle at Brandywine Earl 
Howe sailed down the Chesapeake, and entered the 
lower Delaware with several light vessels, among 
which was the ' Roebuck,' commanded by Capt. 
Hammond. That otficer represented to Gen. Howe 
that if a sufficient force could be sent to reduce the 
fortifications at Billingsport, he would take upon 



24 



HISTORY OF GLOUCKSTKU, SALEM, AND CUMHERLAND COUNTIES. 



himself the task of openins: a passage for the vessels 
through the c/ie<tiiu--de-/rise, or .i/oc/:adoe(: at that 
point. Howe readily consented to attempt the im- 
portant measure. Two regiments, under Col. Stir- 
ling, were dispatched Ir.im Chester, in Penn-ylvania, 
for that purpose. They ernssed the river a little be- 
low Billingsport, marched in the rear of tlie untin- 
ished works, and made a furious ass.iult U[ion the 
garrison. The Americans were dismayed at this un- 
expected attack, and, believing themselves incompe- 
tent to make a successful defense, they spiked their 
Ciinnons, set fire to the barracks, and fled. The Eng- 
lish remained long enough to demolish the works on 
the river front, when Hammond, by the great exer- 
tions of his men, made a passage way seven feet wide 
in the chevaux-de-frise, and with six vessels sailed 
through and anchored near Hog Island. Stirling re- 
turned to Chester, and with another detachment pro- 
ceeded to camp as an escort of provisions, bearing to 
Gen. Howe the intelligence of his success. 

"Howe now determined to make a general sweep 
of all the American works on the Delaware, and pre- 
paratory thereto he called in his outposts, and con- 
centrated his whole army near to and within Phila- 
delphia. Two Rhode Island regiments, belonging to 
Gen. Varnum's brigade, under Col. Christopher 
Greene, garrisoned the fort at Red Bank, and about 
the same number of the Maryland line, under Lieut. - 
Col. Samuel Smith, occupied Fort ilitllin. on Mud 
Island. The American fleet in the river, consisting 
chiefly of galleys and floating batteries, was com- 
manded by Com. Hazelwood. It was quite as im- 
portant to the Americans to maintain these forts, 
and defend the river obstructions, as it was to the 
British to destroy them. It was, therefore, deter- 
mined to hold them to the last extremity, for it was 
evident that such continued possession would force 
Howe to evacuate Philadelphia. 

"Count Donop, with four battalions consisting of 
twelve hundred picked Hessians, was sent by Howe 
to attack Fort Mercer at Red Bank. They crossed 
the Delaware and landed at Cooper's Ferry on the 
21st of October, 1777. The same evening they 
marched to Haddonsfield, in Xew Jersey, a little 
above Gloucester. As they approached Timber Creek, 
on their way down the river, the Americans took up 
the bridge, and the enemy were obliged to march 
four miles up the stream to a shallow lord. They 
arrived at the edge of a wood, within cannon shot of 
Fort Mercer, on the morning of the 22d. Their ap- 
pearance, full armed for battle, was the first intima- 
tion the garrison had of their approach. Although 
informed that the number of He-jsians v/as twenty- 
five hundred, the little garrison of four hundred men, 
in a feeble fort, and with only fourteen pieces of can- 
non, were not intimidated. They made immediate 
preparations for defense. While thus engaged a 
Hessiaii officer, who was permitted to approach the 
fort with a flag and a drumn\er, rode up and inso- 



lently proclained, 'The King of England orders !r, 
rebellious subjects to lay down their arms, and th.-, 
are warned that if they stan<i the battle no (piart.-r. 
whatever will be given.' ' We ask no quarters, i: .■ 
will we give any,' was the prompt reply of c, 
Greene. The Hessian and the drummer rode ha^:; 
back to Donop, and the assailants began at once t!:- 
erection of a battery within half cannon shot of ti'- 
outworks of Fort Mercer. All was activity at: 
eagerness for combat within the fort. The outwork- 
were unfinished, but the redoubt was a citadel upni. 
wliich the garrison placed much reliance, .■^kill an 
bravery were called to combat fiercene---s. discipiiiir 
and overwhelming numbers. 

"It was four o'clock in the afternoon when a bri^k 
cannonade was opened from the He>sian battery, and 
at a quarter before five a battalion advanced to tlu 
attack on the north part of the fort, near a moras.- 
that covered it. Finding the first advanced post anil 
the outw orks abandoned, but not destroyed, the enemy 
imasined that they had frightened the American^ 
away. Filled with this idea they raised the sliout o; 
victory, and, with the drummer just mentioned beat- 
ing a lively march, rushed toward the redoubt where 
not a man was to be seen. They were about to ascend 
the rampart to plant the flag of conquest upon a mer- 
lon, when from the embrasures in front, and from ;. 
half-masked battery upon their left flank, formed by 
an angle of an old embankment, a sliower of grape 
shot and musket balls poured upon them with terri- 
ble eflect, driving them back to the remote intrencii- 
ments. Another division of the enemy, under the 
immediate command of the brave Donop, attacke'l 
the fort on the south side at the same time, passed 
the abatis, traversed the fosse or ditch, and scm.e ac- 
tually leaped the pickets and mounted the parapet o: 
the redoubt, but the fire of the Americans wa^ -" 
heavy and continuous that they were soon forced bao!c 
and driven out with great loss. They retreated pre- 
cipitately to Haddonfield, under Lieut.-Col. Lir.- 
sing (Donop and Miugerode, his second in ciiiu- 
mand, being wounded;, leaving between three and 
four hundred of their comrades behind. They were 
considerably galled, when first retreating, by tl:t 
American galleys and floating batteries in the river. 
The conflict was short but severe. The precise io-s 
of the enemy is not known. Marshall estimates u 
at four hundred in killed and wounded. Col. Doriop, 
the commander of the expedition, fell mortal ly 
wounded at the first fire. After the engagement, 
while Manduit, the French engineer who directei: 
the American artillery on the occasion, was luit 
with a detachment fixing the palisades, he heai'l 
a voice among the slain, saying, ' Whoever you 
are, draw me hence.' It was the voice of Couiu 
Donop.'' Manduit had him conveyed into the fort. 
Here the soldiers, remembering the threats of a fe«' 
hours before, exclaimed, " Is it determined to give 
no quarter?" " I am in your hands," said the count. 



GKXERAL HISTORY. 



•' You m;»y revenge yourselves." M. de Msmhiit im- 
iioscd silence, and cared fur the wounded man. I'o- 
iiop perceived that Manduit spoke had English, and 
said, ■' You a|ipear to me a foreicrner, sir. Who are 
vou?'' "A French olficer," replied Manduit. " Te 
.•uis content," said Donop, speaking in French. ''J( 
incurs ailre les mains de rhonncur nu'ine" [I am con- 
tent ; I die in the hands of honor itself]. He was 
removed to Whitall's house, and three days later, 
when told that death was near, he said to Manduit. 
"It is finishing a noble career earh-'" ihe was thirty- 
seven), "but I die the victim of my ambition and of 
the avarice of my sovereign." 

"The loss of the Americans within the fort was 
eight men killed, twenty-nine wounded, and a cap- 
tain taken prisoner while reconnoitering. The number 
killed by the bursting of a cannon is not known. So 
close was the combat at one time that several Hessians 
were pierced by the gun-wads of the Americans. 

"The conduct of Lieut. -Col. Greene on this occa- 
sion was highly applauded, and Congress ordered 
the board of war to present him with an elegant 
sword. This tribute was given to his family at the 
close of the contest, when Col. Greene was no longer 
living to receive it. He had been basely murdered 
in his quarters near Croton River, in Westchester 
County, in Xcw York, by a band of Tories consisting 
of about one hundred and fifty dragoons, under Col. 
Delaney, who surprised his post. Col. Greene fell 
after his single arm had slain several of his assailants. 
They attempted to carry him oif. but he died upon 
the road. Maj. Flagg, a meritorious officer, was killed 
at the same time ; also two subalterns and twenty- 
seven men were killed or wounded. 

"In commemoration of the battle of Red Bank and 
the valor of Cu!. Greene, a monument of blue-veined 
marble, about fifteen feet high, was erected (in 1829) 
just within the northern line of the outworks of Fort 
Jlercer and within a few feet of the margin of the 
Delaware. This tribute to the memory of valor and 
patriotism was made by some New Jersey and Penn- 
sylvania volunteers." 

The following is a copy of the inscription on this 
monument : 



South Side. 



'Thif 



lent WRB erected on tlie 22rl Octo., 1S29, to transmit to 
Posterity a grutefr.l remembrance of the Patriotism arjd Gallantry of 
Liouteiiant-Colonel ClllllSTOPllER Gkkese, nlio, witli 4uO men, con- 
quere.l the Hessian Anny of 201X1 troops (then in the Britisli service), at 
Bed liank, on the 22d Octo., 1777. Amon- the slain was found their 
comniatider, (uunt Doi^op, whose body lies interred near the spot where 
befell." 

»rt»r Side. 



" A nnmbcr of the Xew .Je: 
desirous to perpetuate the r 
soldiers who fought and bled i 
have erected Ibis monument. 



f AND Pennstl\ama volunteers, being 
ory of the distinguished officer and 
ie glorious struggle for iNDEPE.siiE.scr, 
the 22d of October, ad. 1829.' 



" While it is a testimony of <jne of the noblest 
traits in human character, it bears another of the ex- 
istence of the most detestable. In the inscription 
were the words New Jersey and Penx.syt.vaxia 



in a single prominent line. Some Jersey scoundrel 
almost obliterated the word rnNNsYl.VANiA, and 
afterwards some Pennsylvania vandal, in the fierce- 
ness of his retaliatory zeal for the credit of hi> State, 
disgraced it so far as insignificance could do it by ob- 
literating the words New Jehsev. The whole line is 
destroyed, and that marble shaft perpetuates a remem- 
brance of barbarians as well as ol honored patrioLs. 

"The firing of the first gun from the Hessian bat- 
tery upon Fort Mercer was the signal for the British 
vessels to approach and attack Fort Milllin. They 
had already made their way through the lower barrier 
at Billingsport, and the ' Augusta,' a sixty-four-gun 
ship, and several smaller vessels were anchored just 
above it, waiting for flood tide. As soon as Fort 
Mercer was attacked the 'Augusta,' with the 'Roe- 
buck,' of forty-four guns, two frigates, the ' Merlin,' 
of eighteen guns, and a galley came up, bu: were 
kept at bay by the American galleys and floating 
batteries. These galleys did good execution, not only 
upon the British vessels but by flanking the as>ail- 
ants at Red Bank. The attack upon Fort MitSin was 
deferred until next morning, when, the Hessians being 
driven from Fort Mercer, the whole power of the 
American flotilla was brought to bear upon the British 
fleet. A heavy cannonade was opened upon Fort 
MirHin. and attempts were made to get floating bat- 
teries in the channel in the rear of Mud Island. 
Lieut. -Col. Smith, the commandant at Fort Mifllin, 
who was vigilant and brave, thwarted every attempt 
thus to outflank him i if the term may be used in refer- 
ence to a garrison in a fort), and by a gallant defense 
essentially aided the American flotilla in repulsing 
the enemy. The fire was so fierce and incessant that 
the British ships endeavored to fall down the river. 
A shot struck and set fire to the ' Augusta,' and at 
noon, while lying aground on a mud-bank near the 
Jersey shore, she blew up. The engagement con- 
tinued with the other vessels until three o'clock in 
the afternoon, when the 'Merlin' also took fire and 
blew up near the mouth of Mud Creek. The conflict 
now ceased ; the ' Roebuck' dropped down tlie river 
and passed below the clievanx-de-feise at Billingsport, 
and the Americans remained masters of the Delaware 
forts for a short season. 

" It was indeed but a .short season that quiet posses- 
sion of the river was vouchsafed the patriots. Al- 
though repulsed, his ships beaten back, his mercen- 
ary allies decimated, Howe was not discouraged, and 
he labored eagerly and hopefully to di-slodge the 
Americans fVom tiieir strong posts upon the only 
avenue through which his army could receive food 
and clothing and his magazine supplies for the v.inter. 
A timely reinforcement from New Y'ork enabled him 
to act with energy. He took possession of Province 
Island, lying between Fort Mitflin and the main, and 
at different points works were thrown up to strengthen 
his power and annoy the patriots. This v/as on the 
1st of November, at,d from that time never was a 



L'6 



HISTOllV OF CLOUCESTEll, SALEM. AND CUMBERLAND COUNTIES. 



garrison iiKire li:ir:i.-<fd tluin that at Fort MitlUn. and 
never was patieiife aiul true C(iiirai;o mure iKiblv ex- 
hibited than was tlieii ^hlnvn by Lient.-C'nl. Smith 
and liis comiiatriots. 

"Old Fort MilUin was upon the h^ver end of AFud 
(now Fort I Island, havimj it^ )irincipal fortiticati'in 
in front, tor the purpose of repellinc; sliiji-: that nii^ht 
come up tlie river. On tlie side toward Provinee Is- 
land (a hiw mud banic, nearly covered at liiirli water, 
and separated from Mud Islajidby a narrow channel) 
the fort had only a wet ditch without ravelin or aliatis. 
This part was flanked by a block-house at each of its 
angles. These were not .strong:. When the Americans 
saw the enemy take possession of Province Island, 
and begin the jdanting of batteries to bruise their 
weakest points, they were sensible that Fort Mitiiiu 
would be untenable if the British completed their 
works. Such, too, was the painful conviction of 
Washington, and from his camp at Whitemarsh, he 
put forth all his energies to prevent the evil. But. 
weak in numbers and deficient in everything which 
constitute.s the strength of an army, he was obliged 
to see the enemy, day after day rearing his battle 
works, without being able to interpose. He had sent 
anxious requests to Gen. Gates to forward reinforce- 
ments from the north. Burgoyne's invading army 
being captured, and no other formidable enemy re- 
quiring a large force in that quarter; but that officer, 
doubtless willing to see his rival unsucce^slul, gave 
no heed to his orders until longer non-compliance 
■would have been positive disobedience. To break 
up the encampment at Whitemarsli and move the 
army to the west side of the Schuylkill would be to 
leave depositories of stores and hospitals for the sick 
within the reach of the enemy. It would also leave 
the fords of the Schuylkill in the custody of the 
royal troops, and render a junction of the expected 
northern forces with the main army difficult, if not 
impossible. Furtliermore, it might bring on a general 
engagement, which, with liis weakened forces, the 
commander-in-chief knew might be fatal. Thus sit- 
uated, Washington viewed the progress of the enemy 
in his designs upon Fort Miliiin with intense an.xiety. 

"The British erected five batteries on Province 
Island, of eighteen-, twenty-four-, and thirty-two- 
pounders, within five hundred yards of Fort Mitllin. 
They. also brought up by the new channel made be- 
tween Hog Island and the main by the changing of 
the current by the cheraii:r-de-/ri.'>e, a large floating 
battery, mounting twenty-two twenty-four-pounders, 
within forty yards of an angle of the fort. They also 
brought to bear Ujion the fort four sixty-four-gun 
ships within nine hundred yards, and two forty-gun 
ships. Altogether the enemy had fourteen strong 
redoubts, and these were well manned and furnished 
with heavy artillery. On the lOlh of November 
(1777). the enemy opened their batteries on land and 
water, and for >ix consecutive days poured a storm of 
bombs and round-aliot upon the devoted fortification. 



With consummate skill and courage Lieut. -Col. 
Smith directed the responses from the ordnance of 
the fort. The artillery, drawn chiefly from Coi. 
Lamb"s regiment, were commanded by Lieut. Treat, 
who was killed on the first day of the siege by the 
luirstinfr of a bomb. ( 'n that day the barracks alone 
siitfcred, but on the morning of the lltli the direction 
of the enemy's fire was changed, a dozen of the strong 
palisades were demolished, and a cannon in an em- 
brasure was disabled. The firing did not cease until 
midnight, and many of the garrison were killed or 
wounded. Col. Smith, the commander, had a narrow 
escape. He had just gone into the barracks to write 
a letter to Gen. ^'arnunl, when a ball passed throuirh 
a chimney. He was struck by the scattered bricks, 
and for a time lay senseless. He was taken acro.=s to 
Ped Bank, and the command devolved on Lieut. -Col. 
Russel, of the Connecticut line. That officer was 
disabled by fatigue and ill health, and Maj. Tiuiyer. 
of the Rhode Island line, volunteered to take his place. 
Maj. Henry, who sent daily reports to Washington •<[ 
the progress of the siege, was also v,-ounded on the 
11th. but he continued with the garri-on. On the 
l:?th a two-gun battery of the Americans was de- 
stroyed, the nortiiwe.st block-house and laboratory 
were blown up. and the garrison were obliged to seek 
shelter within the fort. The enemy continued to 
throw shells at night, and feart'ul indeed was the 
scene. At sunrise on the 13th thirty armed boats 
made their appearance, and during that nis-ht the 
heavy floating battery was brought to bear on the 
fort. It opened with terrible etiect on the morning 
of the 14th, yet that little garrison of only three liua- 
dred men managed to silence it before noon. Hith- 
erto the enemy did not know the real weakness of 
the garrison ; on that day a deserter in a boat carried 
information of the fact to the British, who were ?eri- 
onsly thinking of abandoning the siege, for they had 
suffered much. Hope was revived, and preparation^ 
were made for a general and more vigorous assault. 
At daylight on the 15th the 'Iris' and 'Somerset,' 
men-of-war, passed up the east channel to attack the- 
fort on .Mud Island in front. Several frigates were 
brought to bear on Fort Mercer, and the ' Vigilant,' 
an East Indiaman of twenty twenty-four-poun<iers. 
and a hulk with three twenty-four-pounders made 
their way through a narrow channel on the western 
side, and gained a position to act in concert with the 
batteries on Province Island in enfilading the Amer- 
ican works. At ten o'clock, while all was silent, a 
signal bugle sent forth its summons to action, and in- 
stantly the land-batteries and the shipping poured 
forth a terrible storm of missiles upon Fort Mifflin. 
The little garrison sustained the shock with astonish- 
ing intrepidity, and far into the gloom of the evening 
an incessant cannonade w;is kept up. Within an hour 
the only two cannons in the fort that had not been 
dismounted shared the fate of the others. Every mail 
who appeared upon the platform was killed by the 



GKXEHAL HISTORY. 



•Du-kctocrs in tlie tops of the ships, whose yards al- 
,•.,-1 liiiiii; over the American battery. Loni; before 
. lit not a palisade was left, the embrasures were 
(uiiiiil, tlie whole parapet leveled, the bloek-house.s 
u.re alreadv destroyed. Early in the evening Maj. 

rii.iver sent all the remnant of the garrison to Red 
l:.iiik. e.Koepting forty men, with whom he remaini'd. 

Viii.ini; these was the brave Ctipt. (afterward Com- 
fii.Kiure) Talbot, of the Rhode Island lino, who was 
• ..unded in the hip, having fought for hours with his 
Bri-t shattered by a musket-ball. At midnight, every 
.'. feiise and every shelter being swept away, Thayer 
end Ids men set tire to the remains of the barracks, 
cv;icuated the fort, and escaped in safety to Red Bank. 
.\1 ogether it was one of the most gallant and obsti- 
i.ite defenses made during the war. In the course of 
ihc host day more than a thou-and discharges of can- 
tj'iii, from twelve- to thirty-two-pounders, were made 
a_-.iinst the works on Mud Island. Nearly two hun- 
lircd and fifty men of the garrison were killed .ind 
nipiuided. The loss of the British wa.s great, the 
laniber was not certainly known. 

" Fort Mercer was still in possession of the Conti- 
contal troops. Howe determined to dislodge them, 
f .r while they remained the obstructions in the river 
O'uld not with safety be removed. While a portion 
cf his force was beating down Fort Mitilin, he was 
}iu<y in fortifying Philadelphia. He had extended 
intrenchments across from the Delaware to the Schuyl- 
till. Having received more reinforcements from New 
Vork, he sent Cornwallis to fall upon Fort Mercer in 
lije rear. That officer, with a detachment of about 
two thousand men, crossed the Delaware from Chester 
to Billingsport (Nov. 18, 1777), where he was joined 
by some troops just arrived from New York. AVash- 
ington had been apprised of this movement, and 
ti-id detached Gen. Huntington's brigade to join 
that of Varnuni in New Jersey. He also ordered 
Maj.-Gen. Greene to proceed with his division to 
'•he relief of the garrison, and to oppose Cornwallis. 
Tiiat. able officer, accompanied by Lafayette, who 
h.id not yet quite recovered from a wound received in 
ill'-' battle on the Brandywine, crossed the Delaware 
»t Turlington, and marched with considerable force 
towani Red Bank. He expected to be reinforced by 
'ji'ivcr's brigade, then on its march through New 
■'•.■r-ey, but was disappointed. Ascertaining that the 
.orce of Cornwallis was greatly superior to his own 
'<> numbers Gen. Greene abandoned the idea of 
f"'"K him battle, and filed off toward Haddonfield. 

"1. Oreene, dejirived of all hope of succor, evacuated 
'■•rt Mercer (November 20th), leaving the artillery, 
'"h a considerable quantity of cannon-balls and 
•^■'•res, 111 the hands of the enemy. Cornwallis dis- 
=a^'»tled the fort and demolished the works. His army 
*»- ••tugrnented by reinforcements, and with about rive 
!h..u-and men he took post at and fortified Gloucester 
"<'-\il, wliencc he might have a supervision of affairs 
"> Lower Jersey. Morgan's rifle corps joined Gen. 



Greene, but the Americans were not strong ennn;rli to 
venture a regular attack on Cornwallis. A dctach- 
inent of one hundred and tifty riflemen under I.icut.- 
Col. Butler, and an equal number of militia under 
Lafayette, attacked a picket of the enemy throe hun- 
dred strong, killed between twenty and thirty of 
thorn, drove the remainder into the camp at Glouces- 
ter, and roturned without losing a man. Gen. Greene 
soon afterward withdrew from New .Tersey and joined 
Washington, and Cornwallis returned to Philadelphia. 
The American fleet, no longer supported by the 
forts, sought other places of safety. On a dark night 
(Nov. 21, 1777), the galleys, one brig, and two shiops 
crept cautiously along the Jersey shore, past Phila- 
delphia, and escaped to Burlington. Seventeen other 
vessels, unable to escape, were abandoned by their 
crews and burned, at Gloucester. The American de- 
fenses on the Delaware were now scattered to the 
winds ; the obstructions in the river were removed, 
the enemy had full possession of Philadelphia, Con- 
gress had fled to the interior, and the broken bat- 
talions of the patriot army sought winter quarters 
on the banks of the Schuylkill, at Valley Forge.'' 

More than a centuiy has elapsed since the battle of 
Red Bank, but the embankments and trenches of Fort 
Mercer are still plainly discernible. A forest of young 
pines protects them from being leveled by the plow, 
and they are likely long to remain. The washing 
away of the bank by the river has, from time to time, 
exposed the remains of the soldiers who were buried 
there in boxes after the battle. 

Between the fort and the Whitall house was the 
grave of Count Donop, marked by a modest stone, 
but the crumbling of the bank exposed his remains, 
and in 1874 Mr. Murray, the occupant of the Whitall 
house, humanely removed them to another place of 
interment. 

The old Whitall house still stands, a short distance 
south from the fort, and close to the river-bank. It 
is a brick structure, and it is now one hundred and 
thirty-four years old, as appears from the date of its 
erection on the north end, where the characters "J. 
A. W." (James and Anna Whitall), "1748," may 
still be seen. 

Lossing, who wrote in 1851, said, "The Whitalis 
were Quakers, and of course, though Whigs, took no 
part in the war. This fact made some suspect the old 
man of Toryism. I was informed by the present 
owner that when tlie attack was made upon the fort, 
and his grandmother was urged to flee from the house, 
slie refused, saying', ' God's arm is strong and will 
protect me. I may do good by staying.' She was left 
alone in the house, and while the battle was raging, 
and cannon-balls were driving like sleet against and 
around her dwelling, she calmly plied her spinning- 
wheel in a room in the second story. At length a 
twelve-pound ball from a British vessel in the river, 
grazing the American flag-start' (a walnut-tree) at the 
fort, passed through the heavy brick wall on the north 



HISTORY OF GLOUCESTER. SALEM, AND CUMBERLAND COUNTIES. 



gable, and, witli :i terrible crasli, perforated a partition 
at the head uf tlio stairs, crossed a recess, and lodged 
in another partition near where the old lady was sit- 
ting. Conecivinir Divine protection a little more cer- 
tain elsewhere alter this manifestation of the })0«er 
of gunpowder, Uie industrious dame gathered up her 
implement.s, and, with a step quite as agile as in 
youth, she retreated to tiie cellar, where she ciMitin- 
ued her spinning until called to attend the wounded 
and dying who wore bmuglit into her hou-^e at the 
close of the battle. She did, indeed, do good by re- 
maining, for, like an angel of mercy, she went among 
the maimed, unmindful whether they were friend or 
foe, and administered every relief to their sutTeriugs 
in her power. She scolded the Hessians for coming 
to America to butcher the people. At the same time 
she bound up their wounds tenderly, and gave them 
food and water." 

On the green between the Whitall house and the 
river formerly lay the cannon which burst and killed 
several of the Americans during the action. This 
relic was removed by the government ten years 
since. A tract of one hundred acres of ground here 
was purchased by the government in 1S72, and the 
march of improvement is not likely further to ob- 
literate the few remaining traces of the battle of 
Red Bank. 



CHAPTER VIII. 



REVOLCTIOXAKY HISTORY.—! ' 



n„e<l.) 



Operations in Salem and Cumberland Counties. 
— While the Americans were encamped at Valley 
Forge, and the British held possession of Philadel- 
phia, the latter at various times sent out parties to 
raid the country, plunder the people, and break up 
the feeble American posts. Among the mo.st active 
troops in these enterprises were the Queen's Rangers, 
a corps of American Loyalists, or Tories, that had 
been enlisted mostly in Connecticut and the vicinity 
of New York. They were, as their name implies, de- 
signed for active service, and at one time they num- 
bered about four hundred men. They had become 
reduced in numbers, but in the autumn of 1777 Maj. 
Simcoe, a young and efficient officer of the British 
army, was placeil in command of them. By his zeal 
and military ability he soon made this corps a model 
of its kind. About the 20th of February, 1778. an 
expedition of this kind was sent out from Philadel- 
phia, under the command of Col. Abercrombie, of the 
Fift3--second Regiment. It consisted of about five 
hundred men, and included the Rangers. They went 
to Salem by water, and remained several days, recon- 
noitering to ascertain the position of AVayne, who 
was then in New Jersey collecting horses and pro- 
visions for the American army. They also helped 



themselves to whatever they wi-;hed without cere- 
mony. 

On the 17th of March, in the ■ianie year, a British 
force, composed mostly of tscotclimcn fiDin the ."sev- 
enteenth and Forty-fourth Regiments in I'liiiadoi- 
phia, twelve or til'teen hundred strong, und.-r the 
command of Col. Mawhood and Mais. .Simcoe and 
Sims, marched to Salem. They sought tn surprise 
Col. .\nthony Wayne, but that vigilant officer madr 
good his retreat without loss. They were joined by 
about three hundred Tories, who were ])laced under 
the command of British officers, and wiio wore a uni- 
form of green faced with white, and cocked hats with 
broad white bauds to distinguish them from the British 
troops wliose uniform was red. From these Tories 
Col. Mawhood learned that about three hundred mili- 
tia, under command of Col. Benjamin Hcdme. were 
posted on the south side of AUoway's Creek, at Quin- 
ton's bridge, three miles from Salem. He deter- 
mined, therefore, to dislodge them, and, a- he openly 
declared, " chastise the insolent reUeis who dared to 
resist his majesty's arms." He sent out parties to col- 
lect horses among the inhabitants, and on these he 
mounted some of his best men f(ir the expediti'ui. 
Meantime Col. Holme was on the alert. He threw 
out vedettes towards various points, to watch the 
movements of the enemy and prevent surprise by a 
passage of the stream elsewhere, while he prepared 
to dispute the passage of the bridge. 

On the morning of the IStli Col. ^lawhood dis- 
patched Maj. Simcoe with his rangers, and before 
daylight they had secreted themselves within half a 
mile of the bridge, in a deep ravine and a tangled. 
bushy swamp. They also took possession of a two- 
story brick house, occupied at that time by Benjamin 
Wetherby, and drove the family into the cellar. The 
main road to Salem ran between this house and the 
barn, and the swamp with its thicket of bushes was 
near by. In this house, barn, and swamp the Britisii 
were secreted. 

After daybreak a small portion of the enemy showed 
themselves, and mana-uvred for the purpose of draw- 
ing the Americans across the bridge into the ambush. 
In this they were finally successful, for the mo~t ex- 
citable of the patriots became too anxious to be re- 
strained by the more prudent officers present. Cant. 
Smith, the senior officer present, determined to cro-- 
the bridge and attack the enemy. He led the way, ami 
in a confused, unmilitary manner, they crossed without 
— as prudent, vigilant men should do — examining to 
learn whether or not there were concealed foes. The 
decoying party feigned a flight, and Capt. .Smith call- 
ing out; " We will have them before they get to M\\\ 
Hollow!" pursued. After passing some yards beyond 
Wetherby's house the patriots found themselves in 
the midst of the enemy that opened on them from 
the house, barn, swamp, and fences a galling and de- 
structive tire. They retreated towards the bridge con- 
fusedly, fighting bravely in squads. The liorseii;ei; 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



29 



, , ,,• M"t :ib1e to charge on thciii eilcctively, for tlie iin- 
.•v':''i Imr^es became tVijrlitened and uniiianatreable. 
1 .ii_'!i thus surprised, and attacked in front, llank, 
J i nar, they made their retreat across the bridge, 
a •;, the loss of between tliirty and forty, many of 
« ..;ii were drowned in the creek. During tliis skir- 
t -h and retreat Capt. Sniitli had a part of his cue 
,,• -! away, and was grazed by a bullet in his loins. 
(iis burse was twice shot, but took his rider over the 
t T.A'^c, tlien fell dead, 

C'i\. Hand, of the Cumberland militia, liad been 
. l.rrjied of the presence of the enemy, and hastened 
! . i..in the force at Quinton's bridge. He arrived 
n.tli two pieces of cannon just at the moment when 
! ..■ Americans commenced their retreat, and at once 
;• ai-ed his men in the trenches that hail Just been 
v.ioated by tlie patriots, and opened on the pursuing 
rneiiiy .'iich a severe fire as to check their pursuit. 
When the retreating patriots had recrossed the creek 
!l.e draw of the bridge was cut away. This was done 
l.y a man named Andrew Bacon, who seized an axe, and 
n ■irked wliile volleys were fired at liim. He finished 
I ;« work, and rendered the bridge impassable, but on 
f' liring to the trenches he received a wound which 
v:ri[ipled him for life, though he lived to tlie age of 
ti.ore tlian eighty years. 

The failure of Maj. Simcoe, with liis fine battalion, 
!■! drive the Americans from their trenches greatly 
<:'.i:igriued Col. Mawhood, and he determined on an 
ailack the next day with his full force. In anticipa- 
ti'in of this, the militia employed themselves during 
the remainder of the day, not only in burying their 
•i' :;d and caring for their wounded, but in strengthen- 
in:: their position, so as to be able to repel the ex- 
y-'-lid attack. It is said that on that night they en- 
iTcd into a solemn compact that " no British soldier 
^ho^ld eat bread or set his foot on that side of Allo- 
Bay's Creek while tliere was a man left to defend it." 

Xr. about ten the next morning, as was anticipated, 
('••:■ whole British force ajjpeared, and, with martial 
i::usic sounding, advanced to the foot of the cause- 
way that led to the bridge, and formed their lines at 
t.,e edge of the marsh. The creek there ran in a semi- 
^•rcular direction, and Cols. Holme and Hand had 
I''-iced their men in their intrenchments, both up 
and down the stream, within musket range, so that 
i-c- front and both flanks of the enemy were exposed 
■•J the fire of the patriots. Thus were they situated 
*''en the militia opened on them with cannon and 
••■■.all-arms in front, and with musketry on their 
ciuks, a.s tliey sought to reach the bridge by the 
f-'useway. They were thus thrown into contusion, 
'"■'i compelled to retreat to Salem. 

■•n expedition was sent the next day to the head of 
li'Ifwater on the creek near Allowaystown, but it re- 
'•'•riied without cros.-,ing. 

■ 'aj. (alterward lieutenant-colonel) Simcoe in his 
j''Urnal gave the following account of his operations 
=■' 'his time in the vicinity of Salem. This is proba- 



bly the most reliable source of information concern- 
ing the atl'air at Hancock's Bridge, wi\ich imme- 
diately succeeded the fight at (.Juintoirs bridu'e. 
What has been handed down by tradition concerning 
it must be received with the allowance which should 
always be made for that uncertain source of informa- 
tion. 

" An expedition was formed under the command of 
the late Col. Mawlnnid, consisting of the Tweiity- 
seventh and Forty-sixth Regiments, the Queen's 
Rangers, and Xew Jersey Volunteers, they embarked 
the 12th of ^March, and fell down the Delaware. On 
the 17th tlie Queen's Rangers landed, at three o'clock 
in the morning, about six miles from Salem, the Huz- 
zars carrying their accoutrements and swords. Maj. 
Simcoe was directed to seize horses, to mount the 
cavalry and the statf, and to join Col. ilawhood at 
Salem. This was accordingly executed. ;\Iaj. Simcoe, 
making a circuit and passing over Lambstone's 
bridge, arrived at Salem, near which Col. Mawhood 
landed. The Huzzars were tolerably well mounted, 
and sufficient horses procured for the other exigencies 
of the service. Col. Mawhood had given the strictest 
charge against plundering; and Maj. Simcoe, in 
taking the horses, had assured the inhaliitants that 
they should be returned, or paid for, if they did not 
apjiear in arms, in a very few days ; and none but offi- 
cers entering the house, they received no (jther injury. 
The Queen's Rangers Infantry were about two hun- 
dred and seventy, rank and file, and thirty cavalry. 
Col. Mawhood gave directions for the forage to take 
place on the 18th. The town of Salem lies upon a 
creek of that name wliich falls into the Delaware 
nearly o[)posite Reedy Island. The Aloes or AUewas 
(AUoways) Creek, runs almost parallel to the Salem 
Creek, and falls into the Delaware to the southward 
of it; over this creek there were three bridges: 
Hancock's was the lower one, Quintin's that in the 
centre, and Thompson's the upper one. Between 
these creeks the foraging was to commence ; the neck 
or peninsula formed by them was at its greatest dis- 
tance seven, and at its least, four miles wide. The 
rebel militia was posted at Hancock's and Quintin's, 
the nearest bridges, whicli they had taken up and de- 
fended by breastworks. Col. Mawhood made detach- 
ments to mask these bridges and foraged in their 
rear. The officer who commanded the detachment, 
consisting of seventy of the Seventeenth Inlantry, at 
Quintin's bridge, sent information that the enenjy 
were assembled in great numbers at the bridL'e, and 
indicated as if they meant to pass over whenever he 
should quit it, in which case his party would be in 
great danger. Col. Mawhood marched wit'i the 
Queen's Rangers to his assistance. He made a cir- 
cuit so a.s to fall in upon the road that led from Thomp- 
son's to Quintin's bridge, to deceive any patrol which 
he might meet on his march, and to make them be- 
lieve that he directed it to Thompson's, not Quintin's 
bridge. Approaching the bridge the Rangers halted 



30 



HISTORY OF GLOrCICSTER. SALEM, AND CUMliERLAND COUNTIES. 



in tlie wDiicl, and Col. Mawlmoii and Maj. Sinione 
went to tlie party of tlie Seveiitofiith, but in .-uch a 
manner a> to irive no suspicion tliat tliov were part of 
u reinforcement; the ground was liiirh till within two 
hundred yard-; of the bridtrc. where it became marshy ; 
inimediatel) beyond the bridge the banks were steep, 
and on them the enemy had thrown up breastworks; 
there wa.M a public-house very near tlie road, at tlie 
edge of its declivity into the niar~h. on the Salem 
side. Col. Mawhood asked .Maj. .^inu-oe whether he 
thought, if he left a J'arty in the house, the enemy 
would pass by it or not? who replied that he thought 
they would be too cowardly to do it, but at any rate 
the attempt could do no harm, and if he pleased, he 
would try. Col. Mawhood directed Maj. Simcoe to do 
so, who accordingly profiting by the broken ground 
of the orchard which was behind it, and the clothing 
of his meu, brought Capt. Slejjhenson and his com- 
pany into the house undiscovered; the front windows 
were opened and the back ones were shut, so that no 
thorough light could be seen ; the women of the 
house were put in the cellar, and ordered to be silent ; 
the door was left open, and Lieut. ilcKay stood 
behind it with a bayonet, ready to seize the first per- 
son whose curiosity might prompt him to enter; the 
Queen's Kangers were brought into the wood near to 
that part where it ended in clear ground, and two 
companies, under Capt.- Saunders, were advanced to 
the fences at the very edge of it, where they lay 
flat. Col. Mawhood then gave orders for the detach- 
ment of the Seventeenth, who were posted near the 
house, to call in their sentinels and retreat u]) the 
road in full view of the enemy. This party had 
scarcely moved when the enemy laid the bridge and 
passed it; a detachment of them went immediately 
across the marsh to the heights nn the left, but tlie 
principal party, about two hundred, in two divisions, 
proceeded up the road. Capt. .Stephenson, as they 
approached the house, could hear them say, ' Let us 
go into the house,' etc., but they were prevented 
both by words and by action by the ot'icer who wa.s 
at their head ; he w.as on horseback, and spurring 
forward, quitted the road to go into the field on the 
right, through a vacancy made by the rails beinj 
taken for (ires; his party still proceeded up the road, 
and the first division passed the house ; the oflicer, 
his sight still fixed on the red clothes of tlie .Seven- 
teenth, approached close U|> to the fence, where Capt. 
Saunders lay ; he did not immediately oijserve the 
Rangers, and, it i^ probable, might not, had he not 
heard one of the men stifling a laugh ; looking down 
he saw them, and galloped olf; he was tired at, 
wounded, and taken. The divi-ion that had passed 
the house attempted to return. Capt. Stephenson ral- 
lied, drove tlicni across the fields; Capt. Saunders 
pursued them ; the Huzzars were let loose, and after- 
ward the battalion. Col. Mawhood leading them, 
Maj. Simcoe directed tiie Seventeenth back to the 
house, with the Grenadiers and Highlanders of the 



Rangers, ready to force the bridge, if ordered. The 
enemy for a moment quitted it. Col. Mawhood 
thouLrht it useless to pass it. Some of the ilivi.-ion 
who [lassed the house were taken prisoners, but tlie 
greater part were drowned in .-Vloes Creek. The orB- 
cer who was taken proved to be a Frenchman. The 
Rangers had one Huzzar mortally wounded, and. wha"" 
was unfortunate, he was wounded by a man whom, 
in the eagerness of the pursuit, he had passed, given 
quarters to, and not disarmed ; the villain, or coward, 
was killed by another Huzzar. The corps returned 
to Salem. 

"The rebels still occupying the posts at (Juintin's 
and Hancock's bridges, and probably accumulatiiiir, 
Col. iLiwhood determined to attack them at the latter, 
where, from all reports, they were assembled to nearly 
four hundred men. He intrusted the enterprise to 
Maj. Simcoe, and went with him and a patrol oppo- 
site to the place. The major ascended a tree and made 
a rough sketch of the buildings, which, by ecuiversing 
with the guides, he improved into a tolerable plan of 
the place, and formed his mode of attack accordingly. 
He embarked on the 20th, at night, on board the flat- 
boats. He was to be landed at an inlet seven miles 
below Aloes Creek, when the boats were to be imme- 
diately returned, and by a private road he was to reach 
Hancock's bridge, opposite to which Maj, Mitchell 
was detached with the Twenty-seventh Regiment, to 
co-operate with him. Maj. Simcoe foresaw the diffi- 
culties and dangers, but he kept them to himself; 
everything depended on surprise. The enemy were 
nearly double his numbers, and his retreat, by the 
ahsohite orders to send back the boats, was cut oti, 
but he had just confidence in the silence, attention. 
and spirit of the corps. By some strange error in 
the naval department, when the boats arrived ou 
Aloes Creek, the tide set so strong against them that, 
in the opinion of the officer of the navy, they could 
not reach the place of their destination till midday, 
ilaj. Simcoe determined not to returu, but to land 
on the marshes at the mouth of Aloes Creek. There 
were good guides with him. They found out a 
landing-place, and after a march of two mi!e~ 
through the marshes, up to their knees in mud an'l 
water, laliors rendered more fatiguing by the carriage 
of the first wooden planks they met with to form 
bridges with them over the ditches, they at length 
arrived at a wood upon dry laud. Here the corps 
was tormed for the attack. There was no public 
road which led to Hancock's bridge but that wiiich 
the Rangers were now in possession of. A bank on 
wdiich there was a footway led from Hancock's to 
Quintin's bridge. Hancock's house was a large 
lirick house; there were many storehouses round it, 
and some few cottages. Capt. Saunders was detached 
to ambuscade the dike that led to Quintin's bridge, 
about half a mile from the quarters, and to take up a 
small bridge which was upon it, a.s the enemy would 
probably fiy that way, and if not pursued too clo.-ely, 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



31 



d <: 



U 






< .iiM be more easily defeuted. Capt. Dimlop was 
cuclied to tlie rear of Hancock's liouse, in which it 
«»« presumed the officers were quartered, directed to 
• .roc it, occupy and barricade it. as it commanded 
■;u' passage of the bridge. DitVerent detacliments 
mre allotted to the houses supposed to be the enemy's 
uarters, which, having mastered, they were ordered 
;.. lu-semble at Hancock's. A party was appointed to 
rclav the bridge. On approaching the place two sen- 
•.rie- were discovered; two men of the light infantry 
;'.,llowed them, and as they turned about bayoneted 
;'iciii. The companies rushed in, and each, with 
TT'iper guides, forced tlie quarters allotted to it. Xo 
n-istance being made, the light infantry, who wore 
111 reserve, reached Hancock's house by the road, 
...fid forced the front door, at the same time that Capt. 
I'unlop, by a more difficult way, entered the back 
J.Kir. As it was very dark, these companies hail 
nearly attacked each other. The surprise was com- 
plete, and would have been so bad the whole of the 
rneniy's force been present, but, fortunately for them, 
ihey bad quitted it the evening before, leaving a de- 
lachment of twenty or thirty men, all of whom were 
killed. Some very unfortunate circumstances hap- 
pened here. Among the killed was a friend of the 
(.•nvernment, then a prisoner among the rebels. Old 
Hancock, the owner of the house, and his brother, 
.Maj. Simcoe had made particular inquiry, and was 
informed that he did not live at home since the rebels 
bid occupied the bridge. The information was partly 
true ; he was not there in the daytime, but unfortu- 
Dately returned home at night. Events like these 
»re the real miseries of war. The roads which led to 
l!ie country were immediately ambuscaded, and Lieut. 
VVhitlock was detached to surprise a piatrol of seven 
tien who had been sent down the creek. This he 
e:!t'cted completely. On their refusal to surrender, 
lie fired on them. Oaly one escaped. This firing gave 
the first notice of the success of the enterprise to the 
1 wenty-seventh Regiment, with so much silence it had 
biilierto been conducted. The bridge was now laid, 
and Maj. Simcoe communicated to Col. Mitchell that 
t!ie enemy were at Quintin's bridge, that iie had good 
g'lides to conduct him thither by a private road, and 
'■'lit the possession of Hancock's house secured a re- 
treat. Lieut.-Col. Mitchell said that his regiment was 
••uch fiitigued by the cold, and that he would return 
■" Salem as soon as the troops joined. The ambus- 
faders were of course withdrawn, and the Queen's 
'• -ngers were forming to pass the bridge, when a 
'ti>el patrol passed where an ambuscade had been, 
^''d discovering the corps, galloped back. Lieut.- 
'-<d. Mitcliell, finding his men in high spirits, had 
''■turned, purposing to march to Quintin's bridge; 
""Jt being informed of tlie enemy's patrol, it was 
'^-•"ught best to return. Co). Mawhood, in public 
'' ler, ' returned his best thanks to Maj. .Simcoe and 
-'■■' corps for their s[)irited and good conduct in the 
''Jrprise of the rebel posts.' Two days after, the 



Queen's Rangers patrolled to Thompson's bridge. 
The enemy, wlio had been posted there, were alarmed 
at the approach of a cow the night before, fired at it, 
wounded it. and tlien fled. They also abandoned 
Quintin's bridge and retired to a creek sixteen miles 
from Aloes Creek. Maj. Simcoe, making a patrol 
with the Huz/.ars, took a circuit towards the rear of 
one of the parties sent out to jirotect the foratrers : a 
party of the enemy had been watching them the 
whole day, and unluckily, the forage being com- 
pleted, the detachment had just left its ground, and 
was moving off; the enemy doing the like, met the 
patrol, were pursued, and escaped by the passage 
which the foragers had just left open. Only one 
was taken, being pursued into a bog, which the Hus- 
sars attempted in vain to cross, and were much mor- 
tified to see a dozen of the enemy who had passed 
round it in safety within a few yards. They con- 
sisted of all the lield-officers and committee-men of 
the district. The prisoner was their adjutant. The 
enemy, who were assembled at Cohansey, might easily 
have been surprised, but Col. Mawhood judged that 
having completed his forage with success, his bti>iness 
was to return, which he efl'ected. The troops em- 
barked without any accident, and sailed for Phila- 
delphia." 

Tlie following, relating to the massacre at Han- 
cock's Bridge, is trom Johnson's " History of Salem :" 

"That night, the murdering party being selected, 
went, as directed, in boats, down Salem Creek to the 
river, thence to Alloway's Creek, thence up the same 
to a suitable distance from Hancock's Bridge where 
they were to laud, and being favored by the darkness 
of the niglit, were to attack the picket in the house in 
which tliey were stationed as their headcuartcrs, and 
put every man to death they tound there. In that 
house, the property of Judge Hancock, were Mr. 
Charles Fogg, a very aged man, Joseph Thompson, 

and Bacon, all Quakers. A few others besides 

the guard, composed of a full company of men, were 
those persons iu that house on that ili-fated night, all 
wrapt in sleep, worn down with watching, nature ex- 
hausted, and many of them doomed to sleep the long 
sleep of death. The hellish mandate was issued at 
headquarters, ' Go — spare no one — put all to death — 
give no quarters.' The>e refugees, only to be associ- 
ated with their brethren, the imps of the infernal 
regions, did their best, and glutted their worse than 
savage passions iu the innocent blood of their un- 
oifending neighbors. They kilied and desperately 
mangled, with fiendish ferocity, such whom tliev sav.- 
writhing under the severity of their wounds, and thus 
destroyed more than two-thirds of all who were within 
that house. 

" It was currently reported, and that report believed 
to be true, that a negro man, who went by the name 
of Nicholson's Frank, and a man from Gloucester 
County, called Jonathan Ballanger, were the two 
persons wdio attended this murdering party as pilots. 



HISTORY OF GLOUCESTER, SALEM, AND CUMBERLAND COUNTIES. 



" Ballanger came to the lioiise of John Stewartl (a 
farmer near Uancook's Dridtre), armed, that very 
same nipht, some time before day. Steward said 
that he soon disoovereil from the looks and conver- 
sation of Ballanjrer tliat some evil was about to be 
done. With some persuasion he prevailed on him to 
go into the room and lie down. Wlien he went in 
he turned the key in the door, nor did he ojien it un- 
til about daylight in the morning. When Ballanger 
came out of the room he stayed but a few minutes 
and went away, carrying with him his musket. A 
short time after he had left the house the report of a 
gun w.as heard in the direction in which Ballanger 
had walked, and by the side of the fence along 
which he had gone a few moments before was found 
Reuben Sayers, mortally wounded, being a distance 
of not more than one-fourth of a mile from Steward's 
house." 

BaUaiiger was not seen by any person after he left 
Steward's, until several years afterward. The suspi- 
cion of the murder of Sayers could be fixed upon no 
one but him. Immediately after the massacre of the 
picket and private citizens, tlie refugees returned to 
Salem over the bridge, the draw of which they laid. 
Ballanger and the negro, no doubt, returned by water 
with the boatmen. It could have been none of the 
refugees who were at Hancock's. The circumstan- 
tial evidence against Ballanger was most assuredly of 
the very strongest kind, amounting pretty near to pos- 
itive. Public opinion was decidedly against him, for 
he was known to be a rank Tory, from the very hot- 
bed of Toryism, of those who secretly traded with the 
British while th.ey occupied Philadelphia. It was but 
a short mile from Hancock's Bridge to where Sayers 
was found weltering in his blood. He had escaped 
thus far towards the woods or marshes in his llight 
from the murdering refugees. Not a single individ- 
ual of the enemy was seen anywhere near to the 
field where Sayers was found. The murderer was 
always believed to be none other than Jonathan 
Ballanger.' 

"A few names of sonve of the desperate villains, 
the refugees, which I here mention, ought never to 
be forgotten. One fellow, who usually bore the name 
of Proud Harry, a plasterer by trade, an indolent, 
swaggering scoundrel, a braggadocio. Another, by 
name Jo Daniels. Another, if possible, worse than 
Satan himself, — his name was Jolin Hanks. This 
fellow was brought up from a boy in the family of 
Morris Beesley. The son of Morri-, wliose name 
was Walker, belonged to that company of militia. 



1 Some years after this a son of Sayers. niasler of h small \ 


e-sel navi- 


gating tbo Dsjlaware River, in bringing his vessel up to a w 


barf he!..,w 


PLila.ielphia, in a very dark evening, bei[ig a little inti^xi 


■ated, acci- 


dtntiillv fell overboard, but was humanely retriieii by a ] 


ersou who 


liap[M.n..d to be on the wharf. As 8o..n a.s he had "uKi. i.;iill 


• recovered 


he discovered in the face of his deliverer a «.)u of Ball.inge 


r, the mur- 


tierer of his father. He gwore he would not owe his life to 


uch a d— d 


rascal, imniodialcly threw himself into the river, and it » 


as Willi no 



little difli<;ulty and riik that hi 



Hanks, with another villian, rushed upoi, young 
Bee^Iey to kill him. He li.'gg.d of Hanks in the 
ino<t [litiable manner to protect him and s;\Tre lii- 
life. He urged upon liim their friendship and inti- 
macy, their having grown up from boys together. 
.Vll his entreaties were in vain. The murderer hearij 
his pleas, and then very sternly told iiim that i'or tiieir 
former intimacy alone ho was determined to kill him. 
and then stabbed him and left him. The poor youth 
lived long enough to tell his tale of woe to tho-e 
people who came to take care of the dead an^l 
wounded. 

" Another instance I will mention of a militia man 
whose name was Darius Dailey, who, escaping froei 
the house, was pursued by two of the refugees; whiie 
running he saw au English soldier; he made towards 
him as fast as he could, calling out to him at the same 
time to save him; crying out, 'Oh, save me! save 
me, soldier! I am your countryman! Save me. 
save me ! I am a Scotchman! I am your Country- 
man !' The very name of countryman, even comiii!.' 
from the mouth of an enemy, and in the midst uf 
slaughter, struck the tender fibres of the stern sol- 
dier's heart. He immediately put himself in an at- 
titude of defence, and stopiped the pursuing refugees, 
and told them that he should protect the man ,it all 
liazards; that he surrendei'ed himself to him, ar,ii 
that he was his prisoner. When liis flurry ha 1 in 
some measure subsided, Dailey gave his name to the 
soldier, the soldier his name to Dailey. They wer^^ 
both struck almost speechless with astonishment: 
they now found that they had been bosom friends and 
schoolmates together, when boys, iu Scotland. Dai- 
ley was conducted a prisoner, with a iew other>. to 
Salem, whose lives had been spared by the Eugliih 
soldiers. 

"The names of the officers of that uiifortunate 
company of militia who were so dreadl'ully cut to 
pieces on that dreadful night were Carleto.n Shep- 
pard, captain; Benjamin Curlis, first lieutenant; 
Andrew Lowder. second lieuteriaut; William Bresby, 
ensign." 

After the affairs at Quinton's Bridge and Haticock'- 
Bridge, Col. Mawhood sent fiiraging parties to plun- 
der the farmers of their hay, grain, horses, cattle, and 
everything that could be useful to the^British. All 
the teams that could he obtained were pressed into 
his service to transport that which was thus taken t" 
the vessels that had been sent to convey this idunder 
to Philadelphia. A lareer fleet was in the creek i-r 
that purpose tlian has been seen there before or si;n e. 
Foraging parties were sent to explore Elsinboroiigli. 
Lower Mannington, and Salem, where it was certain 
no resistance could be made. A strong guard w;.- 
sent with the foragers into tlie township of Lowef 
Penn's Neck. 

Barber s-iys, '"C'apt. Andrew Sinnickson lived at 
tliat time in Penn's Neck, and being notified cf tiio 
party approaching, liastily collected togeUier as many 



GKNKllAL IIISTOllV. 



33 



,.f lii« nn-n as could be iini-teroii, eaiiio vipon tlie 
,,| .,,,,1 their foragers (in what was tlifii callod 
I ,n • I, iiu'i. and al'ior a ?evore lmiUo-i tlio onoiiiy was 
r. ui.-'i ■ and in the meloe tlie i-'miiiiamlinLr olllcer hist 
I I. hat and chnik, and was oblijod to ike lo Saloni 
tiithout them. Tlie next day Capt. Sinniekson sent 
a l!,ij into the town, with the hat and cloak boloncins; . 
|.i till' iillicer, with soniethiiic; like this laconic uies- 
►j-e ' T/i'il he hnd to reijret tlie sudden departure of 
tli'nrHrer, the owner n/ these artirles. but hoped if he in- . 
leiidtd another visit into that toicnship he niiijht h'lre the 
i.,'''i'i/r« 0/ detaininij him till they became better ac- , 

The following letters between the commanding 
ollicers of the British and American forces were ex- 
chan^'cd shortly after the atlair at CJuinton's Bridge : 

-O'IkNH SIjwhood, conimanJinE a delaohment of llio Uritiih army 
•I ISAlrni. iii'iuceJ bv motiTes of hiinKinity, jiroiH.ses to tlie niilicia at 
t^'jinliu'i' Uri Jge ami the neigliboihooj, as well officers as private men, 
1.1 1.; .l.i» II Ilieir ariui and depart, eatli man 10 bis own bonie. On that 
o-t.Jlii-in be aolemnly promises to rtr-emb,*rk bis troops witlioiit delay, 
d,lii|j uu fartber daoiase to tlie country; ami be will cause Ins conimis- 
urlr* 10 pdy for tbe cattle, hay, and corn that have been taken, in bler- 
lltr money. 

- If, on Ibe contrary, tbe militia should be so far deluded and blind to 
Uitir true interest and happiness, he will put tbe arms which he h,as 
Ir-.uiht »itli bim into the bands of the inhabitants well affected, called 
T ti.-»; .nd »ill attack all such of the militia as remain in arms, burn 
• ill J.-.tr..y their h uses and other properly, and reduce them, Ibeir 
tiiif-.rtiinale wives and children, to be^-gary and distress; and to convince 
Ibera that these are not vain threats be has subjoined a li^t of tbe names 
of .uch as will be the first objects to feed tbe vengeance 01 the British 
balioD. 

."Given nnder my hand, at headquarters, at Salem, the twenty-first 
ijijuf Match, 17:8. 



.uu foe. and more like a rancorv-us feiid Vlween tw,i conlendinc larvini 
than a w.ir cirri, d on by one of the sreate^t (Mwer- on eurlb apiin«t a 
p.vplo n.d.ly slrnpslini: for liberty. A line of honor would mark out 
that llie^o men should share the fate of their country. If your arms 
tlioubl be crowned with victory (which O.kI forbid!) they and their 
proi-rty will be entirelv at the .ti.^i-.sal of your sovereign. The loss of 
their [>r\ iH-rty, while their penxMi- are out of your p.iwer, will only ren- 
der them desperate, and. lu I s.iid Wfore. increase your roe« and our 
army, and retaliation n[x-n Tories and their prvip.'rty is not entirely out 
of our power. Ue assured lliat these are the seiitimenls and determine.! 
res.dini >n, not of myself only, but of all the otticeiii and privates 



"C. MiWlinoB, Ollouel. 



■Ldn 



nd Keosby, Thomas Siunickson, Samuel Dick, Whiten Crippa, 
I'.I^UMer Howell, Ed ward Hall, John Kowen, Thomas Thompson, George 
Trenchard, Elisha Cattel, Andrew Sinnickfon, Nichobas Kean, Jacob 
llnfty, Benjamin Holme, William Shute, Anthony Sharp, and Abner 
Pcoron." 

Beply of Col. Hand. 
••Sla : I liare been favored with what you say humanity has induced 
•"ii to proi.^.se. It would have given me much pleasure to have found 
th«l humanity had been the line of conduct to your troops =ince you 
time to jalem. Not den\ ing quarters, but butchering our men who sur- 
rend-red themselves prisoners in Ihe skirmish at liuintons lirid^-e last 
Thur».lay, and ba>onclinL', yesterday morning, at Hancocks Bridge, in 
Ihe ni.^t cruel manner, in cold blo..d, men who were taken by surprise^ 
In • situation in which they neither could nor did attempt to make any 
midance, and aonie of w bom were not fightins men, am instances too 
ihi<V.ing f..r me to relate, and, I hope, for you to hear. The bravo are 

• <»r generous an.i humane. After eipressing your sentiments of 
koiu«uity,y.,u pr.<ee.l to make a request, which I think you would 
"'"pi-e ni if c..m'plie-J with. Your pro|«.-al tha; we should lay down 
osraruiswe aU.dutety reject. We have taken them up Vj maintain 
>l;bt« will h arc dearer to us than our lives, and will not lay liiem 
•lowo till either success baa crowned our arms with Tictory, or, like 
imny ancient worthi-s contemling for liberty, we meet w ith an houor- 

• 'ledeslh. You mention that if we reject your pr-p-.sal you will put 

• 'M.. In the han.l, of the Tones against us. We have no objection to 
Ihe measure, for it would be a very gcio.l one to hll our an^nalj with 

• lui.. Y'our IhreaU to wantonly burn and destroy our houses and other 
t'-'l- rty, and reduce our *i\^b and children to beggary and distress is 

• •ei.iloiei.t which my bum.uiry alni.^l forbids me to recite, and iu- 
<luc„ „„ I,, |,„a^.,„e ,1.^, , ^,„ ,^,„j,„^, ibe cruel order of a barbarous 
A'til'.aiid not of a ge„tlr,„an, brate, gci.erou«, and polished, with a 
I«nleel Kiirop..an e.lucaliou. To wantonly destroy will injure joor 
"U.r n..,re than ours; ,t will li.cieaae your enemies aii.l our army. To 
""line to destiiutiou tbe property of our m...l disiiiigui=bed men, as 
J-u b..„ Jon, ,„ j^^^ proposals, i«, in my opinion, 



unde 



My prayer is, sir, that this may reach you in health and great hap- 
Quinton's Bridge, the 2-Jd day of March, 
"Eluah Hand, Colon. 1." 



" Given at headqu 
177S. 



CHAPTER IX. 

REVOLUTION.^RY HISTORY.— 1 Coiiiiiu.ed.) 

Minor Operations in Gloucester County. — In 
the histories of tlie diti'erent township? in Gloucester, 
Salem, and Cumberland Counties accounts are given 
of minor atlairs which occurred during the Revolu- 
tion. The region immediately surrounding these 
counties was, during that war, the scene of many raids 
and conliicts of more or less importance, brief sketcl'.es 
of which will not be destitute of interest. In hi.s " Rem- 
iniscences of Old Gloucester," Isaac Mickle, Esq., has 
given accounts of many of these, some of which are 
reproduced here. 

Near Gloucester. — On the eveniii'.r of Nov. 2.5, 
1777, a lively alfair occurred between Big and Little 
Timber Creeks, on the king's road. Lord Coruwallis, 
who was encamped at the point with about four thou- 
sand men and a large quantity of military stores, 
was about to move across the Delaware, and Gen. 
Greene, with a body of Americans, was at Had- 
donfield watcluDg his movements. Lafayette, who 
was still sutferiDg from a wound received some time 
previously, volunteered to reconnoiter the enemy, and 
attack them if be found it advisable. In making his 
reconnoissance he went very near to the enemy's lines 
on the sandy [tcninsula south from tlie outlet of Tim- 
ber Creek, where he was discovered, and a detachment 
of dragoons was sent to intercept him. Seeing this, 
his guide pointed out a back path, which took him 
beyond the reach of his pursuers before they arrived 
at the bridge. He passed within niusket-shot of an 
outpost, and reiched his detachment in safety. 

Lafayette reported, — 



ng epeac tbe l 

th the certaii 



SI part of the day in making i 



ijself' 



alm./«t one hi-jored and fifty rirtenien, and t«i 
-maud. Col. Uumoy.and Chevaliers Du|le,»i 



ut of 1 



3 



ortby a ^eu 



it.iin liow near to Oloucester were the e 
found, at tbe dniance of two miles and 

,g p.,-t ..f tl.re- hondr..-d and fifty lle.»ii 
engaged immeduitely. As my little rec< 



.If from tha- pi . 
>>lh rte.d pieces, 
iteriiig party »ei 



34 



lilSTOllY OF GLOUCESTER, SALHM. AND CUMBERLAND COUNTIES. 



fine «|iirits I eiipiwirlinl Ihem. Wc pushM the Ilfs-sians more than Inlf 
a aiiip from Ilir place wliere their main lM,ly lia.l heen, and we maJe 
them nin Tory fast. Ilrilish reinforcemeiils CiMiie twice to them, lilt 
Terj- far from recoTeriiiK iheir ground (bey always retreated. The .lark- 
Dfssof the nijht prevented us fr^.tii pursuing our advantage, .\fler 
standing on the gn.und we had p. lined. I ordered Iheni to return, very 
elowly. to Haddonfield. I take great pleasure in lerting you know that 
tho Conduct of our soldiers was alKive all prai-e. I never s-aw men to 
merry, so spirited, and so ile^irous to go on to the enemy, whatever force 
they might have, as that little party in this little fight." 

Of Morgan's riflemen he said, ■' I found them even 
above their reputation." In this all'air tlie Americans 
bad one killed and six wounded. The P.ritisli had 
twenty killed, many more wounded, and twenty pris- 
oners. 

In February, 177S, while Mad Anthony, as Gen. 
Wayne was called, was at Haddonfield some of his 
men went to Gloucester to reconnoiter the British. 
They were pursued, and a running fiiriit took place, 
lasting nearly to the American cordon, with tlie great- 
est loss to the British. Col. Ellis, of the Gloucester 
County militia, was prominent in this fight. Soon 
afterward the whole British force at Gloucester moved 
on Wayne at Haddonfield, by night, but found only 
his empty quarters. Ou this occasion Miles Sage was 
caught, as elsewhere related. 

While the British occupied Gloucester many depre- 
dations were committed on the people in the town- 
ship. On one occasion some Englishmen came to the 
house of Col. Joseph Hogg, and engaged in the amuse- 
ment of throwing a hatchet at tlie [loultry in the yard. 
Mrs. Hugg said to them, '' Do you call yourselves 
officers, and come thus to rob undefended premises? 
I have sons who are in Washington's army. They 
are gentlemen, and not such jjuppies as you." The 
house was soon afterwards burned by Col. Aber- 
crombie. 

Egg Harbor was, during the Revolution, a part of 
old Gloucester County. Mickle says of it, " In the 
Revolution the refugees of South Jersey, Delaware, 
and Maryland were continually passing to and I'rom 
New York and other Northern point, by way of Egg 
Harbor. These troublesome strangers did infinite 
mischief to the property of the shoremen, wlio were 
generally good Wliigs, but on some occasions the 
tables were turned, and the refugees got their full 
deserts. Early in September, I7S2, Capt. Douglas, 
with "ome of the Gloucester militia, attacked a boat 
containing eighteen refugees, of whom fourteen were 
killed. Several other equally severe retaliations are 
recorded. 

"Towards the close of the war some people at Egg 
Harbor, and others further up iu the interior, got to 
carrying on a considerable trade with the Briti-^h in 
New York. The refugee.s often came there in large 
bodies, and committed great depredations on tiie peo- 
ple; and the troops taken at the capture of Lord 
Coriiwallis, who were cantoned in Virginia, frequenily 
escaped in small pariies, and by concealing thenisL-lves 
in the woods in tiie day, and traveling only at night, 
by the assistance of guides and friends whom they 



found on their way, got to Egg Harbor, and from 
thence to New York. To prevent all this Capt. John 
D.ivis was sent with a cominuiy of men to Egu Har- 
bor. On one occasion his lieutenant, Benjamin Dates, 
with Ricliard Powell, a private, called at a house 
where Davis had been informed over uiglit that two 
refugee officers were lodging. Bates got to the house 
before any of the family had risen, except two girls 
who were making a fire in the kitchen. He inquired 
if there were any persons in the house beside the 
family, and was answered, " None except two men .'rom 
up in the country.' He bade the girls show him 
where they were, which they did. In passing through 
a room separating the kitchen I'rom the bedroom he 
saw two pistols lying on a table. Knocking at the 
door, he was at first refused admittance, but finding 
him determined to enter the two refugees finally let 
him in. They refused to tell their names, but were 
afterwards found to bo William Gibersou and Henrv 
Lane, refugee lieutenants, the former a notorious 
rascal, who had committed many outrages and killed 
one or two Americans in cold blood. On their way 
to the quarters of Davis' company. Giber^on called 
attention to something he pretended to ,ee at a dis- 
tance, and while Bates was looking in that direction 
started in another, and being a very fast runner, al- 
though Bates fired his musket at him, he made his 
escape. Davis, on being informed of what had hap- 
pened, told Bates to try again the nest night. Ac- 
cordingly, the next night he went to the same house. 
While in the act of opening the door he heard the 
click of a musket-cock behind a large tree within a 
few feet of him, and turning around saw Gibersou 
just taking aim at him. He dropped on his knees, 
and the ball cut the rim of his hat. Giberson started 
to run, but before he had got many rods Bates gave 
him a load of buckshot, which broke his leg. He 
was well guarded till he could be removed with Lane 
to Burlington jail, from which, however, he -don 
made his escape, and went to New York. 

■' About tlie time of Giberson's capture, Davis was 
informed of a party of twenty-one British troops, who 
had escaped from the cantonment in Virginia, and 
arrived upon the Egg Harbor shore. Knowing where 
they would embark he secreted himself, with nineteen 
men, near where the boat lay that was to take them 
otf to the vessel, and there waited their a]ii>rnach. 
When they came a very warm contest ensued, baud 
to hand and foot to foot. Davis and his men were 
comidetely victorious, having killed or taken prisoner 
every Englishman." 

Many Revolutionary incidents have passed to ob- 
livion, and on those that have been rescued fro;ii rhac 
fate by oral tradition, many times repeated .-tiid nnail\ 
recorded, it is well to look with many grains of allow- 
ance, for at every repetition such traditions are iiabie 
to receive acce-s.-ions. 

Waterford. — In Waterfonl the people were -tarici: 
U'higs during the Revolution, and of course v.ete ob- 



GKNEllAL IIISTOIIY. Ib88378 



1 I 



,xi<iu.< to tho British. Duriiis tlie occupation of ' 
i; i.l.lonfield by the hitter, in 1778, nnuiy of tlie houses 
• ••rtli from Cooper's Creek were visited by forajrers, 
j)io were not scrupulous concerning rights of prop- 
. ;;v. On one of these occasions a British officer 
,-.,lleil at the residence of the Champions, and de- 
ri'.ar.iled their best horse. A fine unbroken animal was 
! ruuiilit out and saddled, and the officer mounted and 
r.ide awav. On arriving at a pond a short distance 
snav, the colt became restive and threw his rider into 
lilt' iMuddv pool. In revenge the officer ordered iiis 
ni. M to roh the house, and rode away on a ]ilow 
iior■^e. 

One worthy gentleman had a large amount of specie 
wiiich he desired to preveat the Hessians, who also 
liMil their rendezvous at Haddontield, from plundering. 
lie therefore took his treasure at midnight to a se- 
rhided place, and by the light of a lantern buried it. 
(In passing the spot the next morning he discovered 
(hat his gold was gone. His lantern had betrayed 
liiin to spies who were lurking around, and they re- 
moved his treasure as soon as he left the place of con- 
roalment. 

In sharp dealing, however, the Yankees were usu- 
ally fully equal to the enemy. On one occasion a 
Waterford man learned that the enemy at Jlount 
li')lly were in want of tiour. He took ten well-filled 
hags to the commissary there, who opened each sack, 
-iii'l, finding good flour, paid the man a liberal price; 
ii" the man started away the officer said to him, '' Stop ! 
you're leaving; your bags !" " You need not empty 
them," said he, " I'll throw the bags in for the sake of 
the cause !" On examination there was found a small 
quantity of flour at the top of each bag ; the rest was 
— awdust. 

Haddonfield. — Several interesting incidents oc- 
curred at Haddonfield during the Revolution, one 
of «hich was the almost miraculous escape of Miles 
•"".ige. a brave dragoon, who belonged to Ellis' reg>- 
^iiit-nt. On one occasion, while his regiment was at 
Jladdonfield, he and a comrade, named Ben Haines, 
ii-re ordered to reconnoiter the enemy near Glouces- 
I'T I'oint. He lost his companion, and on reach- 
"'S the point learned that the British had already 
:';')ved for Haddonfield, intending to surpri>e the 
•\mericans. He turned his fleet steed, and dashed 
'■irough the darkness with the utmost speed for liis 
"imp. On arriving at the village he dismounted at 
' "l. KUis' quarters to give the alarm, but found that 
'■.<■ house was filled with British officers. He re- 
; lounted without being discovered, and galloped off 
'" 'f'-irch of his retreating comrades. The enemy 
"ire drawn up near the eastern extremity of the 
'■■nn in three ranks. Through two of these he 
charged successfully, but his mare fell at the third, 
»"il he was at the mercy of his foes, who surrounded 
l""!. and inflicted on him thirteen bayonet wounds. 
A S.fitch officer interposed in his behalf, and had him 
UKtn to the inn of the village and placed in the care 



of some women, one of whom was the mother of Gov- 
ernnr Stratton. One of the women be^nught him to 
turn his thought-^ lieavenwanl, autl he ri'plieil, " Mar- 
tha, I mean to give the enemy thirteen rounds yet." 
He lived to do so, and to relate this adventure to his 
grandchildren. 

C(d. Stirling, and the Queen's Rangers under Maj. 
Simcoe, were at Haddonfield in the latter part of 
February, 177S, for the piir|>oso of annoying Gen. 
Wayne, who was collecting sup[i!ies of cattle, etc. 
Simcoe, in his journal, says. "A circumstance hap- 
pened here, \\\uch,f hough not uiiii-^ua/ in America and 
in the rebel mode 0/ xrarfare, it is presumed is singu- 
lar elsewhere." As Maj. Simcoe was near the out- 
posts, on horseback, in conversation with Lieut. Whit- 
lock, they heard the report of a rifle, and a bullet 
passed between them. They were on high ground, 
and were able to see the man who fired running 
away. He was pursued and cai)tured by Lieut. 
Wlntlock and the guard. On being questioned why 
he had fired thus, he answered that he had often 
fired at the Hessians, wdio were there some time 
before, and thought he would do so again. Maj. 
Simcoe continues, "As he lived within half a mile 
of the spot, had he not been taken anil the patrols 
pushed, the next day they would have found him, it 
is probable, employed in his household matters, and 
strenuously denying that he either possessed or had 
fired a gun. He was sent prisoner to Philadelphia.'' 
Maj. Simcoe doubled his guards, and enjoined par- 
ticular watchfulness after this specimen of rebel effron- 
tery, for he never felt safe among the Gloucester boys 
•■ after that. 

The Forty -second and the Bangers remained some 
days at Haddonfield, during which time they made 
valiant assaults on some tar-barrels in Timber Creek, 
and some rum-casks on the Eirg Harbor road. On 
learning that Mad Anthony was on his way from 
Mount Holly to attack the forces at Haddonfield, 
Simcoe wished, as he represented, to secure the in- 
habitants of the village, by advancing to a favorable 
position two miles from the village, and lying in 
ambush. Stirling, however, saw fit to retire within 
the lines at Cooper's Ferry, and Simcoe led the re- 
treat thither, notwithstanding his professed eatteruess 
to fight. He says, "The night was uncommonly 
severe, and a cold sleet fell the whole way from Had- 
donfield to the ferry, where the troops arrived late, 
and the ground being occupied by barns and forage 
they were necessitated to pass tlie coldest night they 
ever felt without fire." 

The next day fifty men, picked from the Forty- 
second and the Rangers, were sent three or four miles 
tosvards Haddonfield fijr some remaining forage; but 
were met by Wayne's cavalry, and driven back to 
the ferry. The Americans pursued them to the cor- 
don of the enemy, where they found tlie British forces 
drawn up, the Forty-second on the right, Cid. Mark- 
ham in the centre, and the I'^ueen's Rangers on the 



HO 



IIISTORV OF GLOl'CIOSTEK. SALKM, AND Cr.MBHRLAND COUNTIHS. 



left, and restiiis; their left flank on Cooper's Creek. 
Some of the Brilijii troops wore embiirking for Phihi- 
delphia, and, ;us it appeared to be only a reconnois- 
sance on the |>art of the Americans, Col. Markham's 
detachment, with the horses, also embarked. .Just 
at that time a barn within the cordon was tired, and 
Sinicoe supposed the Americans regarded this as an 
evidence that only a few strajrglers were left of the 
British, they attacked and drove in the British 
pickets. Whereupon the Forty-second and the 
Rangers, with some sailors drawing some three- 
pounders, moved forward. In the vicinity of the 
academy and the Hick>ite Friends' meeting-house 
the Forty-second maintained a heavy lire on the 
main body of the Americans in the woods on the 
Haddonfield road, while the Rangers were only op- 
posed to a few cavalry that were reconnoitering on 
the left. As Simcoe advanced " to gain an eminence 
in front, which he conceived to be a strong advan- 
tageous position," probably the ridge at Dogwood- 
town, half-way between Sixth Street, in (.'amden, 
and the creek, the cavalry fell back to the woods, 
except one officer, who faced the Rangers, and slowly 
waved his sword for his attendants to retreat. When 
the English light infantry had come within fifty yards 
of him, one of them called out, " You are a brave fel- 
low, but you must go away !" He gave no heed to the 
warning, and a soldier fired at him, wounding the 
horse but doing no harm to the rider, who joined his 
comrades in the woods. This daring rider was Count 
Pulaski, the Pole, who had left his native land, and 
volunteered to fight for the advancement of the cause 
of universal liberty. 

From the eminence which Simcoe bad occupied 
the English sailors kept up a cannonade on some 
Americans who were removing the planks from 
Cooper's bridge, but this proved to be a harmless 
amusement, for none of the Americans were wounded. 
The English outnumbered the Americans ten to one 
in this affray, but the loss fell on the side of the 
former. Several of the rangers were wounded, and 
one grenadier was killed. This affair occurred on 
the 1st of March, 1778. 

Cooper's Point was a British outpost during the 
occupation of Philadelphia. The enemy's lines ex- 
tended from the point down the Delaware to near 
Market Street, and thence around to Cooper's Creek. 
Outside of these lines the people were continually 
plundered by the Hessians, several regiments of 
which were stationed here. 

After the British occupation of Philadelphia bat- 
teries were placed along the river, and from these 
shot were sent after American militiamen who were 
seen loitering. One of these struck a rain-water 
cask from which a lady was taking water. On the 
arrival of the British fleet the men-of-war took posi- 
tion in the west channel, and the convoys and ten- 
ders, to the number of a hundred or more, anchored 
in the eastern channel, between Windmill I-land and 



the New Jersey shore. The guns on the nien-of « 
were frequently exercised with full cartridges; if 
shot, which were doubtless thus thrown away, h.i- 
been found at distances of one or two miles from i; 
river, in Newton township. 

The Americans frequently annoyed the ene-: 
while they lay at the point. Soon after the retr,- 
of Simcoe from Uaddoniield, in March, 177S. Pula«', 
with a body of Continental cavalry, api>roach,(l ci.- 
to the British lines to reconnoiter. An ambuso^i 
had been placed on both sides of the road from !■ 
bi-idge to the mi<ldle ferry, and as Pulaski came on 
advance of his men a Whig, named William W.- 
sprang on a log and signaled to him to retreat, i: 
did so, and thus his men were saved from destructiv 
At about the same time a severe fight occurred 
Cooper's bridge, where a party of militiamen w.r- 
surprised by the English, a portion were killed, x 
the rest captured and marched to Fort Wasliingt.. 
where they were taken on board of the Jersey pri,- 1 
ship, from which few lived to return. The minu:- 
men who annoyed the British here were very you: 
men. They were brave, and the lives of those \vl 
fell were dearly sold. 

John Stokes and David Kinsey, or Taph Henn- 
as he was commonly called, were rangers who disti 
guished themselves by their daring exploit--. Tl: 
hung on the lines of the enemy, and many an En. 
lishman fell, pierced by their bullets, when they li:; 
dreamed of au enemy being near them. Their nan; 
were well known to those who were encarapeii 
Camden, and the mention of Jack and Taph wu 
arouse in the Hessians lively visions of the wori.J . 
come. 



CHAPTER X. 



REVOH'TIOX.\RY HISTORY.— (C<-H(,n.,«rf.) 

Troops ftirnished by Gloucester. Salem, m 
Cumberland Counties. '—The fir=tContinental tro ^ 
of the " Jersey Line" were raised under a resolut; 
of Congress adopted Oct. 9, 1775. This resoluii^ 
asked for two battalions of eight companies each. ;i: 
each company to consist of one captain, one lit 
tenant, one ensign, four sergeants, four coriiora 
and sixty-four privates. The privates were to 



' Tlie historian liM nia.Ie free iiae of .\.lj.-Gei.. Strjker's "Ol*- 
Ri-?i:,ter of tl.e officers aiiJ uien .,f .Sew Jersey iu lire lievoliitiouary »' 
in this account of the Iroofis furnisbi-J L._v the State of New Jer>- 
In the prepamtion of this" Ket'is'er," Gen. Strjker esaniined aiiJ c- 
pared the peneion-liataof tlie t-overnnient, the minutes of tlie Cotit ■ 
■jf the fnitea Slates, and of the Lejlalature and Council of Sai 
records of the War Departinent, aa well aa oiiginal nianutcripti, I' 
of comtaniea of C..iitinenlal trr-jpB, diarie. of officerc, [.a>rn;u^'' • 
nienior.inda,quarterni:tst.rB' reiKjrts, treaaurera' receipts, returns liJ ' * 
f..mniander'in-chief, etc. It is the only eitensive and vell-antl:^ | 
cated •' Record" of the kind that has been published. | 



GKNERAL HISTORY. 



<.i!i«tc<l tor one year, at five dollars per month, and 
»,ri- to be allowed, instead of bounty, "a felt hat, 
i I. Air of varn-stockings. and a pair of shoes;" but 
,,ri- to furnish their own arms. Tliese battaliims 
»,re first desijrnatcd the Eastern and Western, 
,iid subsequently the First and Second, Battalions. 
The First was commanded by William Alexander 
il^ird Stirling), and after his promotion to the rank 
i.f brigadier general by Lieut. -Col. William Winds, 
«!io was promoted to the colonelcy; the Second by 
Col. William Maxwell. Xovember 10th of the same 
■(..nrsix companies of tlieso battalions, all that were 
l!icn full, were sent to do garrison duty in the ibrt on 
the Highlands of the Hudson; and on the 27th of 
tlie same month the balance of the two battalions 
nt-nt into barracks at New York. The battalions 
Rtre mustered in December, and on the 10th of Jan- 
uary, 177G, three companies of the First Battalion were 
cniered to Queens County, X. Y., to aid in arresting 
T'-ries. The rest of the battalion were stationed at 
I'ortli Amboy and Elizabethtown till May 3, 1776, 
* hen they left to join an expedition to Canada. They 
[';irticipated in the operations before Quebec, then 
wt-nt into barracks at Ticonderoga, where they re- 
niained till Xov. 5, 1776, wlien they were sent to Xew 
Ji-r^ey for discliarge. (Jn the Sth of January, 1776, 
tl.c Second Battalion was ordered to Albany to report 
ti) Gen. Schuyler. 

.\uthority for the formation of a third battalion, on 
the same terms, was given by Congress, Jan. 10, 1776. 
Of this Eliaa Dayton was made the colonel. Four 
^Jmpanies of this battalion were fii-st stationed at 
Statea Island, and the other four at Amboy. 

The data for the following brief history of the 
seventh company in this battalion are taken from 
the diary of Ebenezer Elmer, who was commissioned 
ail ensign on the Sth of February, 1775, and promoted 
to a lieutenancy iu this company in the following 
April. 

liccruiting for this company was commenced on the 
I'.'th of February, 1775, and on the 1st of March fol- 
I'>ning the company was full. It remained in Cum- 
bvrland County, preparing for its future campaign, 
1:11 the 27th of that month, when it marched for its 
I'lace of rendezvous. Under this date the diary says, 
'-Starched up to where Daniel Stretch abused us 
O^ big Lane, Salem County), for which we gave him 
» new coat of tar and feathers, made him give three 
tit-arty cheers and beg our pardon, then proceeded on 
«'•) the death of the fox that night, very tired." 

They went into barracks at p^lizabothtown on the 
'' of April, and on the 16th of the same month pro- 
c- eded to Amboy, where they went into barracks witli 
'"fee other companies of the same battalion. (Jn the 
■-■th of April they all left, and, with the four other 
^'"npanies that had been on Staten Island, proceeded, 
'■y -.vay of Elizabethtown, to New York, wliere tliey 
'''■''ivfrl the next day. On the 2d of May they were 
iiiUitered by the muster-master-general, and were 



pronounced by Gen. Washington ''the tiower of all 
the Xorth American forces." 

The following is the muster-roll of tlie company, as 
appears I'rom the diary and from a inanuscri[)t copv 
made at the time, and now in the possession of C. E. 
Sheppard, Esi-j., of Bridgeton : 

CommistUme,J OjKrm. 
Qirtniii. .Iiweiih Bloomfield: First Lieutenant, William Cifford; Seco'jd 
Lieutenant, EI.enezer Klmer; Ensign, William y,.rcros3. 





Cad.L 






Edmund D, Thomas, 




Sfr.jeanls 




David Dare. 




Recompence Lake. 


Preston Hannali. 


GorporaU 


Street Maskell. 


Jonatban Lummis. 




John Reeves. 


Thomas Parker. 


-ViMuiuii 


Oaroll Whittaker. 


Jusej)h Riley, druiun 


Pi'icates 


Lewis James, fifer. 


John Barret. 




John Jones, 


Kpliraim Bennet. 




David Keteham, 


Peter Bii ney. 




Davis Langley. 


Davis Bivena. 




Elnathan Langley. 


Cliarlea Bowea. 




Daniel Lawrence. 


Henry Bragg. 




James Logan, 


Ezekiel Braymau. 




John Mitjor. 


Henry Buck. 




David Martin. 


James Burcli. 




Benjamin Ma.'^'^ey. 


Kichnrd Burch. 




Uriah Maul, 


James Bureu. 




Charles McDade, 


Juhn Burroughs. 




William .VcGee. 


John Caspereon. 




William McGrah. 


A7,iriah Cisto. 




Daniel Moore, 


Charles t'oagrove. 




Elijah Moore, 


Jonathan Davis, 




John .Mutten, 


Abraham Dorchester 




Benjamin Ogden, 


Samuel Dowdney, 




Samuel Potter, 


Glover Fithian, 




James Ray, 


Abraham Garrison. 




-^^lemeiit Remington 


Bennet Garrison. ■ 




Daniel Rice, 


Joel Garrison. 




Jan.es ):iley. 


Joseph Garrison. 




John Boyal, 


Matthias Garrison, 




Edward Russel. 


Thomas Gibson. 




.\iianias Sayer. 


Philip Goggin, 




Oliver Sliaw. 


Robert Griggs, 




Peter Shepijard. 


John Hayes, 




Philip Sheppard. 


William Haynes, 




Reed Sheppard. 


Aluaharo Hazleton. 




Benjamin Simpkius 


Isaac Hazleton, 




Seeley Simpkins, 


John Henry. 




William Smith. 


Daniel Ireland. 




Lewis Thompson, 


Samuel Jackson. 




Moses Tullii, 


Ttiley Jenkins, 




William Tullis, 


Erick Johnson. 




Elijah Wheaton, 


Othniel Johnson. 




Ebenezer Woodruff, 


Alexander Jones, 


AbseiU. 






Sick, John Shaw. 




Deterl..TS 




Edward Christian, 


Daniel 0, Ryan. 


John McGlaskey, 







On the 3d of May the Third and First Battalions 
embarked on sloops for Albany, wliere tiicy arrived 
on the morning of the Sth. Tlie following is a de- 
scription of the city given in Mr. Elmer's di^'.ry : 



38 



HISTORY OF GLOUCESTER, SALEM, ANl) CUMBERLAND COUNTIES. 



"The town c.nsisis of .1 largo number ofliouses, mostly old Dnicli 
bull.linps; it staii.ls in the viilley on tho west si.le of Nortli River: the 
hill on the bjiok of the town is a, biuli as Iho tallest houses. It is the 
talue of half a mile long npou the river, an.l abont forty iierches from 
the water up. There are no ,-treets that lead straight up from the wat.-r, 
and those which rnn parallel with tlie river, which a?e only two, have 
several windinpi in their course. The land is very clayey and slippery 
In wet weather. In the hilly part of the town is very (ino meadow 
ground. Some distance from the town, on the S. W. side, upon the 
brink of the hill, stands Gen. Schuyler's house, which is a very stately 
buildiiifT. with tine meadows before his door. The land in general, es- 
pecially ou the east side of the river, is pine woods and very hilly. 
There is, however, some very good lan.l ou the west side, in the vales. 
The city has a mayor and alJermen in It. Iho' the mayor is a niuk Tory, 
and s,> are many of the inhabitants, though a great many are staunch 
Whigs." 

Such Wits the c;ipitnl of the St;ite of New York in 
1776. 

It was intended that the~e battalion.* of New Jersey 
troops bliould form a part of an e.xpedition to Canada, 
but intelliLrence from Quebec induced a cliange of 
plan, and on the 1st of June the Third Battalion 
marched for Johnstown, in the .Mohawk Valley, 
where it arrived on the 4th. 

On the 6th Capt. Bloonifield's company, with 
others, was sent to German Flats, where an attack 
from the enemy was feared. On the ISth the rest of 
the battalion marched for the same place. They ar- 
rived at Fort Herkimer on the 20th, and received or- 
ders to fortify there. On the 12th of July the bat- 
talion, except two companies, one of which was Capt. 
Bloonifield's, marched for Fort Stanwi.\. 

On the 14th news was received of the Declaration 
of Independence by the Continental Congress, and on 
the 15th 

'*ao assembly was beat for the men to parade in order to receive a treat 
and to drink the States' health, when, having made a barrel of grog, the 
Declanitiou was read, and the following toast given by Parson Caldwell : 
'Harmony, Virtue, Honor, and all propriety to the free and independent 
United States of .\nierira. Wise Legislatures, brave aud victorious 
armies, both by sea and land, to the Ameriain States;' when three 
hearty cheers were given, and the grog flew round amain. The parole 
for the day was ' The Free a, id Indtpendenl Slates of America.' " 

Thus did these patriots celebrate their first " inde- 
pendence" on the banks of the Mohawk, and wake 
with their cheers the echoes from the forest-covered 
hillsides. 

On the 21st of August the fort on wliich the com- 
mand had labored at Grerman Flats was completed, 
and christened Fort Dayton. The occasion was cele- 
brated, says the diary, after firing a volley from the 
port-holes, by 

"drinking, scouting round the fort, hurraing, swinging of hats, and 
bawbucking about for an hour, when they were drawn up in a square 
and the captain gave them a smart preachment, putting off his hat and 
beginning with ' frie„dt,er,%i,ilnjmen, and feW.w-cUizem, little did I think 
that I should address you to.day, but after making merry our hearts 
apon this occasion I feel an impulse of mine to speak to you wliich I 
am not able t.. withstand. Many of you, my Cuuiberland lads, have 
traveled with me from your native homes, .011^) miles, into this wilder- 
ness in this glorious cause of liberty,' etc., etc." 

In September the company joined their comrades 
at Fort Schuyler. 

On the 12th of October Lieut. Elmer wa.s ordered 



to go with twenty men to look after a scouting-pariv 
that had been sent to Oswego, but pending pre|i, 
tions for their departure the party returned. On ll.. 
17th Col. Elmer arrived at Fort Schuyler with seveni 
companies of his regiment. On the liHh an expri.-.j 
arrived from Gen. Schuyler announcing a battle 'i: j 
the lake, between Gen. Arnold and the king's troui - ' 
and requesting the regiment to come forward with a' j 
expedition, and on the 20th it took up its mard j 
The journal gives the marches for each day, and ti-.. j 
cam|iing at each night till the 2.rith of October, wbe; j 
Schenectady was reached. Thence the march w;i. I 
continued, as the journal states, through a swampy j 
uninhabited country, for a portion of the distance- ! 
till, on the 1st of Xovember, they arrived at Ticoii-| 
deroga. Here they were at first apprehensive of a;, j 
attack from the enemy, whose morning and evenin-.J 
guns they could distinctly hear till the 7th. when they 1 
ceased to be heard, and it was believed that the forcu- \ 
had evacuated Crown Point, and that the fleet in tlit S 
lake had retired. The regiment remained, engaged i:; 3 
ordinary garrison duty, till December 20th, when it | 
crossed to Mount Independence. Here it remainei. i[ 
during the intensely cold winter of 1776-77. dischar?- ^ 
ing garrison duty, and frequently parailing and drill- \ 
ing on the ice. % 

During the summer which they passed in the Mo- s 
hawk Valley, at Johnstown, German Flats. Fort Day- -| 
ton, and Fort Schuyler, they were engaged in erecting | 
fortifications, protecting the inhabitants, and preveni- f 
ing the incursions of hostile Indians. At Ticonde.'- 1 
oga and Mount Independence their duties were no; j 
less arduous, and by reason of the severity of thi | 
winter their sutferings were great. It was not their! 
fortune, during their period of service, to be engage.;} 
on the battle-field, but in the discharge of the dutie- j 
which devolved on thera they acquitted theinsel', 
with honor, and contributed their share toward the 
accomplishment of the final grand result of the war. 

On the 2d of ilarch, 1777, the battalion started or. 
its march homeward. It arrived at Morristown "K 
the ISth, and w;ls there discharged on the 23d. Tin- 
diary states, — 

" On Sunday, the J3d, we set out for home, and I arrived at Bridget. - 
the Friday following, being the -isth of March, having beeu from ti.eri 
a year and a day." 

Sept. 16, 1776, a second establishment of troop> wa- 
made by the Congress of the United Colonies. Unde' 
this eighty-eight battalions were to be enlisted, to 
serve during the war, and of these the " Jersey Line 

consisted of four. The sum of twenty dollar^ u;i- 1 

offered as a bounty to each non-commissioned officer | 

and soldier, and bounty lands, at tlie close of the war. | 

to each officer and soldier, or to his representatives ii: | 

case of his death in the service, as follows: Five hiin | 

dred acres to each colonel, four hundred and fitn | 

acres to each lieutenant-colonel, four hundred to e.icl^ \ 

major, three hundred to each captain, two hundred t ' .] 

each lieutenant, one hundred and litty to each en- \ 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



39 



• icn. iiiiil to each iion-conimis.sioned otliccr ami soliiier 
.ne liuniirocl. 
I( na> iiNo 

-l:" l"l, Tl'"' '"' ""^ luithcr fin:...imi:enidit of the iiun-cnimis- 
., I. •! .Ilier nn.l i>ol.li.T wlio tluiU enir;i^-e in llie sorvice Jminir 111.. 
..r • «iiil .if .l.'thes be aniiuiilly Kiv.^n each of tlic s.iid ofliL-ers ;in.l 
» Mi'-it", to cun^ist, for the present your, of two linen bunting-shirts, tw.. 
,..!i i.r ovenills, a leathern or woolen w.-ii-tc.iat, with sleeves, one psir 
. f tr-ei-Iies, a hat or leathern cap, two shirts, two pair of hoae, aii.i two 
joir of shoes, am.ninting in the whole to the value of twenty dollars, or 
a. I »uni to l>e pai.i to e.ich si.I.lier who t.liall procure those articles lor 
btaiself all. I pro.Uice a certificate thereof from the captain of the coni- 
|.ii.y to which he belongs to the p.iymaster of the regiiuent." 

Arrangements were made by the General A?-:em- 
Mv of New Jersey tci carry into effect tliis arranire- 
nient, and to provide for the re-enlistment of tliose 
nlreadv in the service. Tlie organization of the First 
r.atlalion. Col. Silas Xewcomb. was completed in 
DcH-einber, 1776; the Second, Col. Israel Shreve, in 
Ffbruary, 1777; the Fourth, Col. Ephraim Martin. 
<liiring the same month; and the Third, Col. Elias 
Dayton, in April of that year. Col. IMaxwell was 
made a brigadier-general iu October, 1776, and was 
assigned to the command of these battalions, which 
were called "Maxwell's brigade." 

In May, 1777. this brigade was ])laced iti Gen. 
.Stephens' division, and was encamped at Elizabeth- 
town, Bound Brook, and Spanktown i Rahway ). This 
division, during the summer of 1777, marched through 
Pennsylvania and Delaware, and a portion of the 
" New Jersey Line" opened the battle of Brandywine, 
on the morning of September 11th. They continued 
actively engaged through the fight, and afterwards 
.»kirmished with the enemy, arriving at Germantown, 
r where they encamped. In the battle at this place, 
< )ctober 4th, Maxwell's brigade formed the corps de 
ri:%-rre and left wing of the American army, under 
the command of JIaj.-Gen. Lord Stirling. The bri- 
gade distinguished itself in this battle, especially the 
First Battalion, which lost heavily in men and officers. 

The winter of 1777-78 was passed by this brigade, 
with the rest of the army, at Valley Forge. On the 
evacuation of Philadelphia by the British, in June, 
1778, this brigade was detached from the main army, 
. and, with other troops, was placed under the command 
of Gen. Lafayette, to harass and impede Gen. Clin- 
ton's force. June 2S, 1778, the Jersey Line, as well 
as the militia under the command of ilaj.-Gen. Phile- 
mon Dickinson, took part in the battle of Monmouth. 

Most of the winter of 1778-79 was passed by the 
brigade at pjlizabethtown, though a det.ichment of 
the Second Battalion was at Newark, and a portion 
*'f the Fourth at Spanktown (Rahway). In May. 
17<0, Maxwell's brigade was ordered with the army 
i<jf Gen. Sullivan to march up the Susquehanna River 
'f-ad lay waste the settlements of the Seneca Indians, 
pnd in October of the same year it returned to New 
persey. 

May 27, 1778, Congress made a new arrangement, 
r third eslablishment, of the troops, under which the 



constitution of the ditferent battaliiins was changed; 
and by an act, March 0, 17711, the number of bat- 
talions ill the Jersey Line was changed to three. A 
bounty of two luiiidr.-d dollars was offered, and pro- 
vision was made for enlisting three hundred and 
■^ixty-tive volunteers. 

• In the 0th of February, 178u. New Jer-ey was 
called on for sixteen hundred and twenty men, to 
fill the "Jersey Line.'' \'olunteers were calh'd for, 
and a bounty of one thousand dollars was oti'ered for 
each recruit. f^Muster-masters" were appointed in~ 
the dill'erent counties, the one for Gloucester being 
Col. Joseph Ellis; Salem, ilaj. Edward Hall; and 
Cumberland, Lieut. -Col. Abijah Holmes. In June, 
1781. more troops were called for, and the quota 
under this call was for Gloucester, tifty-oiie: Salem, 
fifty-one; and Cumberland, thirty. The recruiting 
officers were, — for Gloucester, Capt. .Tohn Davis; 
Salem, Capt. John Kelly; and Cumberland. Capt. 
Amos Woodruff. The bounty paid under this requi- 
sition was twelve pounds, in gold or silver, for each 
recruit. The regiments of the Jersey Line, thus re- 
organized, were commanded by Cols. Matthias Ogden, 
Isaac Shreve, and Elias Dayton. Each regiment 
had six companies, commanded as follows : 

First Rtgirmnt. — Captains, Jonatilan Fonnan, John Flahaven, Giles 
Mead, .\le\ai.der Jlitchell, Peter V. V.x.rhees, anil John Holmes. 

Semid /J,;jim^ii(.— Captains, John Hollilishead, John X. Gumming. 
Samuel Heading, Kathan Bowman. Jonathan Phillips, and William 
Helms. 

Tliird fif^imeiif.— Captains, John R..=-s, William Cifford, Kiohard Cox, 
Jeremiah Ballard, Josepli T. Auder>on, and Bateman Lloyti, 

Gen. Maxwell continued in command of the Jersey 
Brigade till his resignation, in July, 1780, when he 
was succeeded by the senior officer. Col. Elias Day- 
ton, who continued in command till the close of the 
war. 

In September, 1781, the three regiments went to 
James River, Va., where they were employed in all 
the labor of the siege, and were present at the sur- 
render of Yorktown, October 19th, of that year. 

Early in the war many men from New Jer-ey en- 
listed in regiments of other States, or in those raised 
by direct authority of the Continental Congress. 

The news of the cessation of hostilities was an- 
nounced in the camp of the brigade, April 19, 178.3, 
and the Jersey Line was discharged November .Sd, of 
that year. 

State Troops. — At various times during the war 
New Jersey, by rea.son of its position on the coast and 
between cities in possession of the enemy, was exposed 
to the incursions of the British and the ravages of 
refugees and Indians. It was therefore found neces- 
sary to embody, as occasion required, a certain quota 
of volunteers from the militia of the different coun- 
ties. These men were held liable for duty in this and 
in adjoining States when necessary, and the organiza- 
tions were known as " New Jersey Levies," " Five 
Jlonths' Levies," or, more generally, as "State 
Troops." 



40 



HISTORY OF GLOUCESTER, SALEM, AND CUMBERLAND COUNTIES. 



Tlie first of these troops orsaiiized was uinier the 
authority of tlie Provincial Congress, Feb. 1". 177(3, 
and consisted of two artillery companies, one to be 
stationed in the eastern and one in the western divi- 
sion of the State. These batterie- took part in the 
battles of Trenton, Assnniiink, Princeton, and Mon- 
mouth. 

Frederick Frclinprhnysen was appointed captain of 
the eastern company. The officers of the western 
company were 

Samuel Hi!?g, captiiiii ; Tlioiius Newark, captain ; Jolin Wt-scott.firet 
lieutenant; Jc'iepli Payton, second lieutenant. 

Captain-Lieutenant, Tlumias Neuaik, resigned. 

Fimt Lieutenant. John Wesoott, promoted captain-lieutenant, after- 
wards captain. 

Second Lieutenant, .Toseph Dayton, rosiirned. 

Seth Bowen, api^ointed lirst lieutenant, afterwards captain-Iieuten- 

Benjaniin Whitall, ari>oisted second lieutenant, first lieutenant, and 
afterwards captain-lieutenant. 
Eli Elmer, appointed second lii 



Nov. 27, 177G, the Provincial Congress passed the 
first act for the organization of the infantry branch 
of the State troops. Tliis act provided for the organ- 
ization, by voluntary enlistment, of four battalions of 
eight companies each. Of these battalions, one was 
raised in the counties of Gloucester, Salem, and Cum- 
.berland, consisting of three companies from Glouces- 
ter, three from Salem, and two from Cumberland. Of 
this battalion, David Potter was appiointed colonel, 
Whitton Cripps lieutenant-colonel, and William Ellis 
major. 

Oct. 9, 1779, four thousand volunteers were called 
for, to serve till Dec. 20, 1779. Of these the quota of 
Gloucester, Salem, Cumberland, and Cape May Coun- 
ties was one regiment of eight companies, each com- 
pany numbering one hundred and two men. Of this 
regiment, Nicholas Stilwell was appointed colonel, 
Robert Brown lieutenant-colonel, and Anthony Sharp 
major. 

Dec. 29, 1781, a call was made for four hundred and 
twenty-two men, to serve till Dec. 1-5, 17S2. Under 
this call the company from Gloucester County was 
commanded by Capt. Simon Lucas, that from Salem 
by Capt. Nicliolas Keen, and that from Cumberland 
by Capt. Charles Allen. These companies were or- 
dered to do "duty ou land or water." 

Calls were also made June 7 and 14, 1780, for four 
hundred and twenty men, each to serve till Jan. 1, 
1782. 

Militia. — On the 3d of June, 1775, the Provincial 
Congress of New Jersey passed an act providing a 
" plan for regulating the militia of the colony." This 
act set forth that 

"The Congress, taking into consideration tiie cruei and ftrljitrary 
measures adopted and pursued by the British Parliament and present 
znlnietry for the purp.jse of subjatraling tli<- .\merican colonies to the 
most alject servituiie, and being appreben.sive that all pacific lne;isureB 
for the redress of our grievances will j.rove ineft'cclual, do think it 
highly necessary that the inhaliitants of this province be forthwith 
properly aimed and diS-ip'ined I'or defending tlie cause of American 
freedom." 



The plan was still further considered and amen.!. ■ 
Aug. IG, 1775. .\fter that date all officers were ordvi, 
to be commissioned by the Provincial Congress or t';,. 
Committee of Safety. In the tissignment then in;,.; 
Gloucester liad three battalions, Salem one reginun; 
and Cumberland two battalions. 

'' Mimite-mcir' having been raised in some otli.- 
counties, in compliance with the recommendation > ■ 
the Continental Congress, the Provincial Congress, 1-, 
this ordinance, ordered the several counties to furiiis.. 
them, ranging from one to eight companies each. Tl, 
assignment for Gloucester was four companies, Salfr, 
three, and Cumberland three. These companies •.-. 
minute-men were " held in readiness on the shorti--. 
notice to march to any place where assistance mii'i;' 
be required for the defense of tliis or any ueighborin.- 
colony." They were to continue in service .four 
months. Their uniform was a hunting-frock, simih'j 
to that of the riflemen in the Continental service. 

On the 3d of June, 1776, the Continental Congrev 
called for thirteen thousand eight hundred militia t.^ 
reinforce the army at New York. The quita fur 
New Jersey under this call was three thousand three 
hundred, of which Gloucester, Saiem, and Cumber- 
land Counties furnished each two companies. T.h; 
field and staff oflicers of this command were: 

Colonel, Silas Newcomb : Lieutenant-Colonel, Bowes Reed; Majur. 
William Ellis; Quartermaster, .\bijah Holmes ; Surgeon, Tlionia- 
Ewiiig; Surgeon's JIate, Robert I'atlerson ; and Chaplain. Pl,il.[ 
Vickers Fithian. 

The last died of a fever at Fort Washington, oii 
the Hudson, Oct. 8, 1776. 

July 16, 1776, the Continental Congre.ss requested 
the Convention of New Jersey to supply with niiliti.i 
the placesof two thousand men of Gen. W.ashingtoii- 
army that had been ordered into New Jersey to form 
the Hying camp. Of the thirty companies of si.xt;- 
four men each sent under this call, Gloucester lur 
nished three companies, and Cumberland one. wiiirh, 
with three companies from Burlington, were under 
Col. Charles Read, Lieut.-Col. Josiah Hillm;tn, .M;ij. 
William Ellis, and Surgeon Bodo Otto, Jr. Salem 
supplied two companies, which, with three each froi;i 
Middlesex and Monmouth, formed a battalion tli:i'. 
was officered by Col. Samuel Forman, Lieiit.-Coi. 
Whitton Cripps, and Maj. John Dunn. 

Aug. 11, 1776, one-half of the militia was ordere'i 
to be detached for immediate service, to be relieve" 
by the other half every month. (In this btLsi.-s "'■ 
montlily classes, in active service alternate month-, 
the militia were held during the war. 
I April 14, 1778, tlie militia of the Stiue was iorim-ii 
into two brigades, and Jan. 8, 17S1, into three. DurifiL' 
the war companies of artillery and troops of hor-e 
were organized in different localit!''s. Strykersays, — 

I "The good service performed by the militia of Ibis Slate is .foliy i.- 
' corded in liistoiy. At th- ;ighls at liuinton's liridge, ;tai.cock s IJrid;;^ 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



41 



r«* u 



>,.„„!, „,, <;rnimnto\vn, SriingfieW, an.! MonmOTilh they pirrornu-il 
» l»[it •frtico in fciipiwitiiii: llie Coiilincntnl line," 

The fiel'l ii'ifi stall' officers of the militia regiments 
[I jIr- c(iutili«.'sol'Gloucester, Salem, and Cumberland 
Kcrr a< follows: 

GI.OICKSTER CoVNTY. 
^.—Culunel, Israel ^h^eve ; Colonel, Robert Tajlor, pro. 
fn.m .B|it aiiJ niaj. ; Colonel, Boilo Otto; Lieuteimnt-Colonel, j.ini- 
\iel Tonkins ; I.ieuteniUit-Coloiiel, Samuel Shreve, pro. from capi. ; 
Mfutiniiut-Colouel, Kol.ert Bi-own, pro. from capt. ; Major, Samuel 
llanDinKlinnl. 

I j:jH,.;k3ii — Colouel, Joseph Ellis: Lieutouant-Colonel, Elijah 
t1«rk; Major, -William Ellis. 
7\ird Sc//.ili'?n.— Colouel, Kichard Soiuers ; First Major, Richard West- 
cull ; First Major, George Payne, pro. from capt.; Second Jl.ajor, 
Jfreiuiab Smith, pro. from capt. ; Adjutant, William Smith : I'ay- 
m«.,t.-r, John Little; Surgeon, Thomas Hendry. 

SALEM COUNTY. 

FvU BilLilion (WKli-ni Buto/ion).— Colonel. Samuel Dick; Colonel, 
WhittoD Cripps. pro. from lieul-col. ; First 5Iajor, William Mecum; 
.■ii-cond Major, Edward Hall ; Quartermaster, Thomas Carpenter. 

>...o«J BaUalioii {Easlen\ BoHci/imi).— Colonel, John Holme : Colonel, 
Benjamin Holme, pro. from lieut.-col. ; Colouel, William Shute, 
pro, from lieut.-col.; Fil-st Major, Thomas Jlecum ; First Jlitjor, 
.Vnthony Sharp ; Second il.'jor, John Kelly, pro. from capt. ; Secoud 
Slajor, Henry Sparks, Jr. ; .\djutant, John Smith: Quartermaster, 
Andrew Torke; Chaplain, William Worth. 

I ■r:\IBEULAXD COUNTY. 

rirri fluftaJioii.— Colonel, Silas Newcomb ; Colonel, Isaac Preston ; Col- 
onel, Elijah Haiiil, pro. from lieut.-col. ; Lieutenant-Colonel, Enos 
Seeley; Lieuteuant-Colonel, Samuel Ogden, pro. from capt. and 1st 
niaj. ; First Major, Timothy Elmer ; First Major, Derrick Peterson ; 
S<Kond Major, Ezekiel Foster, pro. from capt. ; Second ^lajor, 
Ephraim Lummes, pro. from capt ; Adjutant, Fithian Strattnn ; 
Qimrtenuaster, Josiab Seeley. 

Sc-Oitd Bat/o/ii.n.— Colouel, David Potter; Lieutenant-Colonel, Abijah 
Holmes : First Major. Thomas Ewiug ; Second Major, Daniel Mas- 
ten, pro. from capt.; (jilartermaster John Dowdney. 

The following is a list of those from Gloucester 
County who .served either in the Continental army, 
State troops, or militia during the Revolutiouary 
war : ' 

Brujadier- General. 
J')«eph Ellis, col. 2d liatt., Gloucester; brig-gen. militia, Feb. 15, 1777 : 
declined Feb. 21, 1777. 

Coioiie!«. 
Kodo Otto, col. iBt Batt., Gloucester, Sept. IG, 1777 ; died Jan. 20, 17S2. 
hrael Shreve, col. iBt B.itt., Gloucester ; also col. Continental army. 
K. chard Somers, col. :id Datt., Glouce-ter : col. batt. State tro<jps. 

Lieutfiuint'ColoneU. 

K.,Urt Brown, capt. 1st Batt., Gloucester: lieut.-col. ist Batt., Glouces- 
ter, June 10, 1779; lieut.-col. Col. Stilwell's regt. Slate troops, Oct. 
9, 1779. 

Elljth Clark, lieut.-col. 2d Bait., Gloucester ; res. Nov. 6, 1777, to become 
Di>-mlier of .Assembly. 

■■^rauel Slireve, aipt. 1st Ball., Gloucester ; lieut.-col. Ist Batt., Glouces- 
ler, Feb. 5, 1777 ; res. Oct. 2, 1778 

.•i«iniifl Tonkin, iieut.Krcl. Ist liatt., Gloncesler ; res, Feb. 5, 1777. 



George Payne, capt. 3d Batt, Gloucester, 
Gloucester, March 31, 177S. 

Jeremiah Siuilh, capt. :jd Halt., Glouc 
ditto, Dec. 12, 177S. 

Eichar.l Westcott, Isl maj. 3.1 Ritt., Gloi 



. U, 1777; 1st ui,ij..3d Ratt., 
■, Nov. 14, 1777; 2d maj. 
er; res. March 31, 1778. 



Pa'jtuasUT^. 
Thomas Carpenter, paymaster, S.ilera aud Gloucester, March 19, 1777 

(see also quartermasters). 
Johu Little, paymaster, 3d Ball., Gloucester. 



ntendent hospital, April 



Mil, 



Willi 



Thom.as Hendry, surgeon brigade milili; 
3, 1777; surgeon 3d Ball., Gloucester. 

C^i^itaine, 

Johu Baker, capt. 3d Batt., Gloucester; caiit. State troops. 

Andiew Barnes, capt. Gloucester; prisoner of war iu September, 1780. 

Jacob Browning, capt. 2d Batt., Gloucester, Sept. 22, 1777. 

Richard Cheesemau, capt. 1st Batt , Gloucester. 

Joseph Covenover, capt. 3d Biitt , Gloucester, Sept. 1-2, 1777. 

John Cozens, capt. 1st Btitt., Gloucester; prisoner of war; exchanged 
Dec. 8. I7Sy ; capt. State troops. 

John Davis, capt. 1st Batt., Gloucester. 

Doughis, capt., Gloucester. 

Joseph Elwell, capt. 3d Batt., Gloucester. 

Sawtel Elwell, lieut. 2d Batt., Gloucester, Sept. 3, 1770; capt. 1st Batt., 
ditto. 

Joseph Estell, capt. 3d Batt., Gloucester, Sept. IS, 1777. 

Feli,\ Fisher, capt., Gloucester. 

John Hampton, lieut. 3d B.itt., Gloucester; capt. ditto. 

William Harrison, capt. 2d Batt., Gloucester. 

Richard Higbee, 2d lieut. Capt. Payne's company, 3d Batt., Gloucester, 
Nov. H, 1777 ; 1st lieut. ditto. 

James Holmes, capt., Gloucester ; capt. batt. "Heard's brigade,*' June 
IB, I77fi; also capt. Continental army. 

John Inskip, lieut. 2d Batt., Gloucester; capt. ditto. 

Siuiou Lucad, c.ipt., Gloucester; capt. Maj. Hayes' Bait., State troops. 

Archibald Maffit, capt. 1st Rut., Gloucester; resigned. 

William Maffit, 1st lieut. Capt. Pierce's company, 1st Batt., Gloucester, 
June 2, 1777 ; capt. ditto. 

John Patten, capt. 2d Batt , Gloucester. 

David Paul, lieut. 3d Batt., Gloucester; capt. ditto; capt. Col. New- 
comb's Batt,, "Heard's brigade," June 1+, 1770; capt. 2d Batt., 
Gloucester. 

George Pierce, capt. 1st Batt., Gloucester, June 2, 1777. 

William Price, capt. 3d Batt., Gloucester, Sept. 18, 1777. 

George Purvis, capt. 2d Batt., Gloucester. 

CJinstopher Kape, capt. 3d Bait., Gloucester, Sept. 18, 1777. 

Henry Shute, capt. 1st Batt., Gloucester. 

William Smith, adjt. 3d Batt , Gloucester; capt. ditto. 

Robert Snell, 1st lieut. Capt. Samuel Snell's company, 3d Batt., Glouces- 
ter; capt. ditto. (See naval service.) 

Samuel Suell, capt. 3d Batt., Gloucester, Sept. 18, 1777 (see naval service). 

James Somers, 1st lieut. Capt. Price's company, 3d Ball., Gloucester, Sept. 
18. 1777 ; capt. 2d Batt. ditto. 

John Somers, capt., Gloucester. 

Zephania Steclman, capt. M Batt., Gloucester, Sept. 18, 1777. 

John Stokes, capt. ■2d Batt., Gloucester. 

Richard Stouebanks, capt. 1st Batt., Gloucester, Oct. 0, 177S. 

James Tallman, capt. Troop Light Horse, Gloucester, May .J, 1777. 

Joseph Thome, capt. 2d Ratt.. Gloucester, Aug. 10, 1776. 

William Watson, Ist lieut. Ist Batt., Gloucester; capt. ditto. 

David Weatherby, capt. M Batt., Gloucester. 

Johu Wood, capt. Col. Holmes' regt.. State tri.K5ps ; capt. Ist Ball., 
Gloucester. 

John Woo<l, capt., Gloucester. 



Ellii 



apt. Col. Newconib's batt,, Heard's brig., June 14, 1770 
maj.CkjI. Nowcomb's batt, Heard's brig.; m:ij. Col. Read's l.jtt.De 
lacUed Mililia, July IS, 1770; maj. Col. Potter's b.att.. State troi 
Nov. 27, 1770; maj. 2.! Batt., Gloucester; taken prisoner Apn 
177* ; exchanged Dec. 20, 1780. 
."laiuel Flauningham (or Flanagan), maj. 1st Batt, Gloucester, June 
ir:9 ; al=o capt. Couliuenlal army. 



PS, 



10, 



, Glo 



Lieutcnanti. 
Iter; lieut. ditto. 



' Compiled from Stryker'a Oniiial Register. 



David Baker, pri 
John Carter, lieut., Gloucester. 
John Chatham, lieut. 1st Bait , Gloucester. 
Enoch Leeds, lieut., Gloucester. 
Joseph McCiillough, lieut. .3d Ball., Gloucester. 

John Par»oiis, lieut., Gloucester; prisoner of war in September, 1780. 
Ward Pierce, lieut. Capt. btonebank's company, 1st Ball., Giouceit. 
Oct. 6, 1778. 



42 



HISTORY OF GLOUCESTHR. SALEM, AND CUMBERLAND COUNTIES. 



BfiuaTniD WpRth.Ttiy. Ik-iit. M Bait., r,l,.uce8ter, Lii'ut.-Ci.l. .S>raen>' 

Butt, Slate tro.iiw. 

/tr-( Lifulm.int'. 
Josepli IiigiTsoll.lst lic'UI. Tiipi. J^TpiiiUh Smilh-s cmpjiiy, ;1J HhK., 

Glouci-slor, Nov. U, 1777. 
Edward Iiclaiid, 1st lieut. ,1.1 Hiitt., Gloiicestor, Nov. 14. 1777, 
Jervniiiih Leeds, l.st liout. Oiipt. Covciiovtr'e ioinrany,.ld ll,iU , Gl.>uces. 

tur, Sept. l.«, 1777. 
Samuel Mall.uk, 1st lleiit. fupt. ThoruBV i-onip;in.v, -'d ISjlt., Gloucester, 

Aug. 10, 177ti. 
Alexander .Miteliell, Isl lieut.. Glouee.sler ; I-t lieut. " Heard fi Irijade," 

Juue 14, 1771'.; al.-o cai't. I'onliueiital army. 
Nehemiah Morse, Ist lieut. rapt. rayne'aeoai|uuy, ;;d Batt., Gloucester, 

Kov. 14, 1777. 
Samuel Springer, Ist lieut t'apt. Kape's company, yd Batt., Gloucester, 

Sept. It;, 1777. 
Arthur Vesteott, 1st lieut. Capt. Kslell's company, 3d Batt., Gloucester, 

Sept. 18, 1777. 

Second Lieutenants. 
AaroD Cliev.-, 2d lieut. 2d Batt., Gloucester; prisoner of war in Septem- 
ber, 17MI; excli»nt;ed. 
Peter Coveuhoven, 2.1 licut., Gloucester, Nov, 14, 1777. 
Jacob Eudicott, 2d lieut. fapt. S^uell's comp.iny, ;Jd Batt.. Gloucester, 

Sept. IS, 1777. 
William Fincli, 2d lieut. Capt. K.ape's company, M Batt., Gloucester, 

Sept. IS, 1777. 
John Lucas, 2d lieut. Capt. Estell's conjpany, M Batt, Gloucester, Sept. 

LS, 1777. 
Samuel -Mcfarland, 2d lieut. 1st Batt., Gloucester. 
Abraham Paisons (or PassantI, 2.1 lieut. Capt. Browning's company, 2d 

Batt., Gloucester; taken prisoner; exchanged. 
Jeremiah Kisley, 2d lieut. Capt. Covenover's company, 3d Batt., Glouces- 
ter, Sept. 18, 1777. 
Henry Rowe, 2d lieut. Capt. Pierces company, 1st Batt,, Gloucester, 

June 2, 1777. 
John Scull, 2d lieut. Capt. Price's company, 3d Batt., Gloucester, Sept. 

1»>,1777. 
Elijah Townseud, 2d lieut. Capt. Jeremiah Smith's company, 3d Batt., 

Gloucester, Nov. 14, 1777. 

John Adams, enoign Capt. Payne's company, ;id Batt., Gloucester, Nov. 
14, 1777. 

Joseph Avis, ensign 3d Batt., Gloucester. 

Elijah Barret, eusign Capt. Samuel Snell's company, .'id Batt., Glouces- 
Ur, Sept. IS, 1777. 

Japhet Clark, ensign Capt. Price's ompany, 3d Batt., Gloucester, Sept. 
18,1777. 

John l^iikes, ensign Capt. Pierce's ompany, Ist Batt., Gloucester, June 
•i, 1777. 

Ebenezer Extell, ensign Capt. Estell s company, 3d Batt., Gloucester, 
Sept. IS, 1777. 

Dauiel Frazer, ensign 3d Batt , Gloucester, Nov. 14, 1777. 

Haniel Hooper, eusign Capt. Taylor's .;om,iauy, 3.1 Batt., Gloucester. 

Benjamin Iiiskeep, ensign Capt. Browning's company, 2d Batt., Glouces- 
ter, Dec. 22, 1777. 

Cornelius McC^jllum, ensign, Gloucester. 

Joseph Morrell, ensign Capt. Thome's compauy, '2d Batt., Gloucester, 
Juno 2, 1777. 

Nathaniel Sipple, ensign Capt. Covenover's company, 3d Batt., Glouces- 
ter, Sept. IS, 1777. 

I>avid Stillwell, ensign Capt. Jeremiah Smith's company, 3d Batt., 
Gloucester, Nov. 14, 1777. 

John Tiltou, piivatB3d Rut., Gloucester ; sergt. ditto ; ensign ditto, Nov. 
14, 1777. 

Sergeanta. 

-Vhruham Beiinet, private 3.1 Batt., Gloucester ; sergt. ditto. 

William Campbell, sergt. Capt. Davis' compauy, 1st Bate, Gloucester. 

Patrick McCullum, sergt., Gloucester. 

John Keed, sergt., Gloucester: also private Continental army. 

Eichard Sayers, private, Gloucester, sergt. ditto. 

Jacob Spencer, .-ergt , Gloucester. 

James Tomblin, private, Gloucester ; corp. ditto; sergt. ditto. 



Philip Dare, 1st Bate, Gloucester. 

PrinUer. 
.leptha .M.l«.t. 3d Batt. 
John .M..I, 2.1 Batt.; also State troops, a 



al ai 



Di 


ni.l Ackley. 


lie 


z.-kiah Ackl 


Ja 


nies Ackley. 


Jo 


in Ackley. 


Sil 


is Ackley. 


J a 


lies A.lair, 3 


An 


drew A.lania 


D. 


vi.l A.Iams. 


El 


jah A.laius. 


Je 


remiah AdaD 


J.. 


-se Adams. 


Jo 


nas Adams. 



Jonathan Adams. 
Kich.ard A.lanis, 3d Batt. 
Henry Andereon, 'id Batt.; a 
Isaac .\rin5trong. 
Gibson Ashcroft. 
James Ashcroft. 
Jacob Aesit, 3.1 Batt. 
(Tonuter Atherton, 3d Batt. 
Abijah Ayers, 3d Batt. 
John Haley, militia; also Co 
Jonathan Baley. 
Joseph Baley. 
Benjamin Balken,3d Batt. 
Jonathan Barton, militia ; al 
William Bate-, 3d Batt. 
Thomas Beavin, 3d Batt. 
Jonathan Bcesley, 3d Batt. 



Jal 



I Be 



Nicholas Belange. 

r.obert Bell. 

William Bell. 

Jonathan Benly, .3d Batt. 

Alexan.ler Eennet, 3d Batt. 

John Bei.net. 

Jonathan Bennet. 

John Berry, 3d Batt. 

Patrick Brady, militia: also Contin 

George Bright, 3d Batt. 

Aisa Brown, 2d Batt. ; also State trw 

Jlatthew Dniwii. 

George Browne, 3d Batt. 



Thomas Adams, ;!d Batt. 
William .Vd.inis. 
Abram Aim, 3d Batt. 
Abraham Albertsou. 
Albert Albers.iu. 
Isaac AlWrtson. 
Jacob AU.ortson, Jr. 
Jacob Albcrtsoti, Sr. 
George Allen, 3d Itatt. 
Joseph Allen, 3J Batt. 
William Allen, 3d Batt. 
Thomas Alleor, 3d Batt. 
Jacob Allset, 3d Batt. 

Continental army. 

James Ayers, 3d Batt. 
Moses Avers, 3d Batt. 
Benjamin Bachon, 3d Batt. 
Abel Bacon, 3d Batt. 
Frederick Baker. 
James Baley. 
inenlal army. 

llaned Birdin, :id Batt. 
Eichard Barker, 3.1 L' itt. 

Continental army. 

Benjamin Bi^ihani. 
Andrew Blackman. 
David Blnckinan. 
John Blatkman. 
Nehem!ah Blackman. 
James Bleakman. 
James Boggs, 3d Batt. 
William Boice. 
Jonathan Borton, 3d Batt. 
Edwar.l Bowen. 
Josiah B.)wen. 
David Bowyel-, 3d Batt. 
John Bradford, 3d Batt. 



•id Br 



Continental ; 
yant, 3d Batt 



Tho 



: als. 



ntin 



ntal ^ 



(y>rporal. 



nard Fisler, Gl.i 



Elijah Buck. 3.1 Batt. 

Josiah Budd. 

John Budey. 

Jamei Bulangey, :id Bait. 

Joshua Bulangey, 3.1 Batt, 
1 Robin B.inton,3d Batt. 
' Aaron F. Ca.le, Capt. P.ul'i 
Continenlal army. 

John Cain, 3d Batt. 

Samuel Cain, lid Batt. 

Ezekiel Camp, Jr. 

James Camp. 

David Campbell, 3d Batt.; also Col. So 

William Campbell, Capt. Fisher's com] 

William Canipen, 3d Batt. ; also dl. S. 

John Cann. 

lieorge Caranna, 3d Batt.; also Od. S.i 

Jacob Carpenter. 

George Carter, 3d Batt. ; also Col. Soraer^' Batt., State tro 

James Canithers, 3d Batt.; also Col. Soniers' Batt,, State 

John Casey, 3d Batt.; also State troops; also Continental 

Benjamin fjasker. Simeon Casker. 

I Tobias Cas[«r8on, 3il Batt.; also Col. Somers' Batt., State 
' William Catlell. Daniel Champion. 

1 George Cavener, M Batt. John Champion. 

1 Thomas Chamberlain. Thomas Champion. 



J.seph Burch, 3J liatl 
Elijah Burk, 3.1 Batt. 
Moses Buroet. 
Samuel Burton. 
William Busbin, :M B 
31 OSes Butterworth, 3. 
npany, :td Batt. ; also State 

John Camp. 
Joseph Camp, Sr. 
Joseph Camp, Jr. 
ArchibaM Campbell. 
' Batt., State tro 



rs' Ba 



n' Batt., S'ate 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



43 



> *.■! •■Ii»lll 



, lA lUtr.; also Col. S..niers' 
J- nj.» CIk-'-^i"'"'. ""I """■ : al'^' >-^"'- ^•J' 
; .nllifflrr, :iJ Biitt. ; hUo Col. Si.mers' 
I. i^,\ Chf*. .iJ B. 



n.itt.. Sli.le 



Rut, 



also Col. S^.uieis' Rut., Statt- troops. 
Betijjiimn Clark, 
lu.l I fUrk. 

• io Clsik, id li.itt.; also Contiiu'nlnl nrmy 
.. ^-ih Cl^rk. R".l.^n Clark. 

i.tW-rl'l»fk. Tlu.niH.s Clark. 

M l,»r.) Clemens, militia; als<i Co.,tinent:.l army. 
(.».„I rlfii.ent. cioorge Clifton, 

n.lli.ni Clifton. 

.•,,-..), Cl'nsli, :W B;itt.: also Col. S^<niers' Ritt., State troops. 
/■hti CoI>li. S\ B:ttt. ; also Col. Vomers' Bitti., Sl-nte troops. 
Thonne C-'hb, 3J Ritt.; also Col. Somers' llatt., State troops. 
«i;ii.Di Colb, 3d Batt.; also Col. Somers' Batt , State troops. 
! -rpli (Vnklin. Mec.ajah Conover. 

P'-»»;it t'onneily. Peter Conover. 

l.TiJ Conover. Peter B. Conover. 

.'.-•v Conover. Jolin Cook. 

r,l!-reun Cook, 3d Batt.; also Col. Soniers' E.itt , State troops. 
K'.«» Cook, 3d Batt. ; also Col. Somers' Batt , Stite troop.s. 
Killiamdnlrj-. John Corson. 

,»i-ICor*in, John Coshier. 

.•..ni..n C<«liier. 

Iwojiiuio Cosier, 3d Ritt.; also Col. Somers" Batt., State troops. 
J.im..n Co9!er, 3d Batt.: also Col. Somers' B.ut . Slate troops. 
Jimeii Conlts, 3d Batt. ; also Col. Somers' Halt.. State tro.'J-'S. 
l.^u:(onrac. I-.aac Coveuhoven. 

«IMura Conrse. John Covenhoven. 

J *-ph Covenhoven. 

A:,lri-»- Co.\, militia; al.so Contiiientil army, 
Jic ,h Coj;, "A Butt. ; also Col. Somero' Batt , State tro<.>ps. 
Jihiv Cozens, Capt. Stoiielank's company, 1st Batt.: al<o Sute troops: 

bIao Continental army, 
.•uiamel Crager, 3J Butt.: also CI. Somers' Batt.. Stute troops. 
lyii Crandell, :M Batt.; also Col. Somers' Batt., State troops. 
William Cranmore, 3d Batt.; aUo Col. Somers' Batt., State troops. 
C melius Cullom, 3il Batt. ; also Col. S.)mers' Batt., State troops. 
I'»in Hair, 3d Batt.; also Col. Somers' B.att . State troops. 
J !m iHiir, ;jd Batt.; also Col. Somers' Batt., State troops. 
K.iiiDtl l>allu3, 8d Batt.; also Col. Somers' Batt, State tro..|i3. 
J hn DaiieWjn, 3d Batt. ; als.. Col. SJimers' Batt., State troopa. 
Kill I>aDiels, 3d Batt. William Daniels. 

J.»l Haven, militia; also Continental army. 
An Irew Davis, 3d ftitt. ; also Col. Somers' Ratt., State troops. 
"»iD U.vis, :id Batt. Earl Davis. 

Curlii Davis. Richard Davis. 

Cb.rlei Day, 3d Batt.; also Col. Somers' Batt., State troops. 
^•'l!^.| Day, 3d Batt. ; also Col. Somers' Batt., Slate troops. 
Tl..^oia. Day, 3d Batt. ; also Col Soniens' Batt., State troops. 
»■,.« Deal, :l.l Batt.; also Col. Somers' Butt , SUite troops. 
J.a.r, Dnal. John Deal. 

.•»u.u-l Deil. 

Jnur« Deikley, 2d Batt, ; also Col. Somers' Batt., State troops. 
I-l».rd Deirel,3.l Batt, 

-'.-hn Ii-lfer, 2d Batt. ; also Continental army. 
•■^•'"-1 I>enick. David Dennis. 

^*=iUfl Denick.Jr. Matthew Dennis. 

«< l-^u Denny. 

J -5.1. rvnny, :M Batt. : also Col. Somers' Batt., State troops. 
n ,.,. Denny. 

it, Irew D.-rriekson, 3d Batt, ; also Col. Somers' Batt., Stale troops. 
■* ■'" ''ickinson. William Dickiii6<jn. 

.■>»tiuel liilkea, :i.l Batt. ; also Col. S..lners' Batt., State trooia ; also Con- 



liso Col. Son 
also Col. So 
also Col. So 



' Ritt.. M.ite Iio..ps. 

ra' Batt.. State trcopa. 

-s' Bitt., Stale troops. 
Mis. English. 
Tlion-.a.s English, 
lers' Batt., State trool>s. 
!,-s' BatL, Mate troops. 



Samnel Dulaney. James Pun!a|>. 

Tli"mas Dnnaway. Joseph Ea-t^ll. 

John Edwards, 2d Batt.; also State troops; alxi C nti 

Joseph Edwards. 3d Batt.; 

Ebenezer Grinton, :'.d liatt.; 

William F.lhridsr. 3d li.iit. : 

Jeremiah Elway. 

Joseph Engli.sh. 

Joseph Erviii,3d Batt ; als 

John Evans, :ld Batt.; also 

Abner Ewing. :!d Batt.; •also Col. Somers' Batt,, State trl«.^•JS. 

Abraham Ewing, 3d Batt. 

Daniel Falker. 

John Farrell, militia: also Continental arinv. 

Abraham Farrow, :W Batt.: aloo Col. S.iraers' Batt., State troops. 

John Farrow, 3d Batt.; also Col. Somers' Batt., State troops. 

Mark Farrow, :id P..itt. ; also Col. Somers' Bait., State trojps. 

George Keathero, .;d Bait. ; also Col. Somers' Rut,. State troops. 

Peter Fell, 3d B,.tt.; also Col. Somers' Batt., State troops. 

William Fell, 3d Batt.; also Col. Somers' Batt., Slate troops. 

Abraham Fenimore, 3d Batt.; also Col Somers' Rut., Suite tnjops. 

Daniel Fenimore. :!d Bait.; also Col. Somers' Eatt., Slate troops. 

Nathan Fenew, 3d Batt.; also Col. Soaners' Batt., State tioops. 

James Ferril, militia ; also Contine.ital armv. 

Jacob Fetter, :;d Batt. ; also Col. Somers' Batt., St Ue troops. 

Thomas Field, Capt. Filler's company ; also Continental army. 

Jacob Fisher. John Fisler 

Jacob Fisler. 

George Fithian, ,"d BatL ; also Col. Somers' B.itt.. State troops 

William Fithian, 3.A Ball.; also Col. Somers' Batt,, State troops. 

William Fletcher, militia; also Coutinentil aniiy 

Criah Forbes, 3d Batt.; also i:ol. Somers' Batt.. SUte troops. 

William Ford. 

William Fort, 3d Batt.; also Col. Somers' Batt., StUe troops. 

George Fowler. 

Isaac Fowler, militia: also Continental army. 

Andrew Franibis. Nicholas Frambis. 

John Franklin, 3.1 Ratt.: also Col. Somers' Batt.. State troops. 

Daniel Frazier. William Fiy. 

Samuel French. 

Daniel Fuiman, 3d Batt.: also Col. Somers' Batt., State troopa. 

William Furman, 3d Batt.; also Col SomeiV Ball., State tn>ops. 

Calvin Gamble, 3d Ritt. ; also Col, Somers' Batt , State troops. 



Edward Gandy. 
Ellas Gandy. 
John Gandy. 
James Gant. 
Robert Garret, i 



Jacob Garrat-on. 
Jeremiah Garratson 
J.«eph Garfats-jn. 



son, 3.1 Ba 
,3d Batt.; 



alai 



my. 



''r»a,j,t,,„ Diii^ 3j g^,, . ^j,,, ^._j, s,j„5,,. 3^,^^ gj.,,, troop.s. 
•'■-"'-'"Il-^r. Jesse DomianL 

'"""el Dollie,3dBitt 
J bnlv.ran, 



1 t.^r. 



■^'i-r Doughty. 

y«..:..m Doughty. 

-' «»!l'an D.,ughty. 

•• - -h Daiighty. 

-•^^n Dmniniond. 

'■'"■""> ""(rel, :)d Batt.; also Col. Somers' Datt., St, 



Edward Dougherty. 
Abel Doughty. 
ALige Doughty. 
Thomas Doughty. 
Edward Donan. 
John Dower. 
Benjamin Drumnioii 



Elijah Ga 

P>ei:ben Garrison. 

Samuel Garwood, 2d Batt. 

Eossel Gee. 

William Gentry, 3d Batt.; 

James Gibeson. 

Job Gibeson. 

John Gibeson. 

Daniel Giffen. 

James Gillingham, :jd Ball 

Reese Given, Sr. 

Reese Given, Jr. 

William Given. 

Kichard Giahi 

Willialn Grahi 

Joshua Greaves. 

James Groniley, 3d Batt. 

Benjamin Guild, 3J Bait, 

William Hackett. 

Joseph Haines, :!d Batt.; 



,3d Rut.: 
, 3d Batt. 



) Col. S. iners' Bait,, State troops. 

Benjamin Gilford. 

James Gilford. 

John Gilford. 

Timothy Gilford. 
,|60 Col. Somers' Bait,, State troo 

John Goff. 

Francis Gonnel. 

James Gormley. 



' Batt., St.1l 
' Batt., Sta 



Willi 



Ua 



also Coiitii 



ntal ar: 



Jano-a Hamilton, i 

J.ihn Hamilton, :jd Batt. 

John Hancock, militia; also Continental army. 

Ahrani Harcourt,.!d Bait.; al.so State Iroofis; also ContinccLal 

Ab*l Harker, Capt. Suell's company, -A Batt.; alto ContinentH 

David Harker. 



Natha 



el Harker, 3<) Ball.; ,.ls.j CI. Somers' Batt., St: 



44 



HISTORY OF GLOUCESTER, SALEM, AXD CT'MUEKLAND COUNTIES. 



Mo'ies Harris 


3d ftilt.; 


»lso Col. Somers 


Bait . Sla 


.■ tn.op,.. 1 


RenK'ii Ilurr 


8.3d Batt. 


also Col. Somers' Kitt., S 


t.ile tr^Kipe. 


William Hsn 


s. :>.! Batt 








George Hawk 


ins. 








DaviJ Hays, 


■apt. Cove 


novcr's compan> 


, 3d Batt 


; also Slate lro.'lis; ' 


also Cunt 


neiital am 


y. 






Peter HeJil, SJ Halt. ; al 


C<d. Somers' Batt., State 


troops. i 


DariJ Ileind, 


3d Batl. 








Leonard Hcle 


,3d liatt. 


also Col. Si>mer^ 


• Bait., S 


ate troops. 


Hance Holm. 


s, 3d Batt. 


also Col. Snniet> 


■ Batt., S 


ate tri»op3. 


John Helnies 


:M Ritt. ; 


also Col. Somera' 


B.itt., Si; 


te trviops. 


Robert Hempliill. oJ Ba 


t. ; also Col. Son 


ers' Batt 


, Slate troops. 


Jacob HemiS, 


3d Batt.; also Col. Somens" 


Batt., Sla 


e troops. 


George Uenrj 








1 


Michael Hess 


3d B.i!t. ; 


also Col. Somers 


Bait , State troops. ] 


John Hes^ler 


3d Batt. ; 


also Col. Vomers- 


Batt., St; 


te troopa. 


W.llinm Hew 


es. 








Benjamin He 


wett, 3d B; 


It. ; also Col. Sor 


lers' Bat 


., State troops. 


Caleb HewctI 


, 3d Batt. ; 


al.^o Col. Somers 


Bait., St 


ate tr.»p8. 


Moses Ilewet 


, 3d Butt. ; 


also Col. Somers 


Batt., St 


ite troops. 


Samnel Howe 


tt, 3d Butt 


; also Col. Somers' Batt., 


>tate troops. | 


Thomas Hew 


'tt. 








Willian, Jlew 


ett, 3d Bat 


. ; also Col. Some 


rs' Batt., 


Stale trixips. 


Isaac Hicknia 


1). 


Tbo 


mas Hick 


man. 


James Hickn 


an. 


Alis 


ik.m Hig 


■ey. 


Eilward Ui-l 


ey, Capt. S 


teelman s compa 


ny, 3d Ba 




Isaac Higliey 










Richard Hisbey, 3d Bat 


. : also Col. Som 


rs" Batt. 


Slate troops. 


Uriah Hill, 3d Batt. ; alt 


Co[. Somers' Batt , State troops 


Daniel Hillni 


an. 


Job 


1 Hillma 


1, 3d Batt. 


Samuel Hillli 


an, infantry, artillery, ligh 


hor-o. 




Samuel A Hillman. 


Set 


1 UiUoiar 




Michael Hiss 


3d Batt. 








John Hilnia, 


, 3d Butt.; 


also Col. Somers 


Butt., State troops. 


Benjamin Hl 


ffman, mil 


tia; alsoContin 


ntal arm 




Jacob Hoffnia 


n. 








Thomas Holl 


ngsworth. 


3d Batt. ; also Ci 


I.Snmers 


Batt., State tnops. 


Andrew Horn 


an. 


Da> 


id Homat 




Daniel tloma 


n. 


Job 


n Hiigg. 




John Hukey 


3d Batt.; 


ilso Col. Somers" 


Eatt,, Sla 


e troops. 


J..bD Huiing 


, 3d Batt. 


also Col. Somer 


• Batt., S 


ate troops. 



Thomas Humpbrev. 

David Hund, 3d Batt 

Lewis Hund, 3d Batt. 

John Hurley. 

Abraham Hutchinson 

Ezckiel Hutcbicson. 

Peter Hntsinger, 3d Batt. ; also Col. Si 

Jacob Idle. 

George Ihnetler, 3d Batt,; also Col. S. 

Daniel Ingalson. 

Isaac lugulsou 

Benjamin Ingeraoll 

Ebenezer Ingersoli 

John Ingersoli. 

Joseph Ingersoli, J 

Am*ja Irelan. 

Thomas Irelan. 

Thomas Ireland, 3d Batt. ; also Col. Son; 

John Ireland, 3d Batt. ; also Col. Somers 

Thomas Ireland, 3.1 Batt.; also Col. .Som 

James Jeffries. 

John Jeffries, 3d Batt. : also Col. Someri 

Jonathan Jerry, 3d Batt. ; also Col. Som 

Samuel Je.-s, 3d Batt. ; also Col. Somers' 

Isaac Johnson, 3d Batt. ; also Col. Some 

Joseph Johnson, 3d Batt.; al^o Col. Som 



also Col. Somers' Batt., State troops, 
also Col. Somera' Batt., State troops. 

Andrew Hurst. 
3d Batt. ; also Col. Somers' Batt., State 



' Batt., State troops. 

timers' Batt., State troops. 
David Irelan. 
Edmond Irelan. 
George Irelan. 
Japhet Irelan. 
Jonathan Irelan. 
Joseph Irelan. 
Reuben Irelan. 



V Batt., State troops. 
bS;ilt., State troops. 
8' Batt., State troops. 



Stat. 



ops. 



3' Batt., State troops. 
Jalt., State troops. 
' Batt., State troops, 
rs' Batt., State troo^ts. 



e Jobn-ou, 3d Batt. ; also tXi], Somei-s' Batt., State troops. 
Lewis Johnson, 3d Batt. 31 icbael Johnson. 

Nathaniel Johnson, 3d Batt.; also Ojl. Somers' Batt., State troops. 
Richard Johnson, 3.1 Bait. ; also Col. Somers' Batt , State troops. 
Isaac Johnston, I'apt. Covenover's Company. 3.1 Batt. ; also (.:ontin( 

army. \Viili;,m Johnston. 

Abraham Jones, militia ; also Continental army. 
Abram Jones. 

Daniel Jones, 3d Batt., also Col. Somers" Batt., SUte troops. 
Hugh Jones, wounded. Isaac Jones. 



Jonas Jones, 3d E>tl.; also C.d. Somers' Bjitt., State Ii.M.ps. 
Lawrence J..iies, ild llatt. 

Samuel Jones, 3d Rut. ; als*i Col. S.'nier3' Ball,. State Iroops. 
.lubn Kaiglui, C.pt. Iligl.ee's company, 3d Ball.; also Stale troops; 

Continental army. 
Reuben Keen. 

Thomas Kehela, 3d Batt.; also Col. S.miers' Batt.. State troops. 
David Keil'on,3d Batt.; also Col. S.miers' B;itt., Slate troops. 
Patrick Kelly, 3.1 Batt.; also Continental army. 
Uriah Kelly, 3d B;itt. 

William K.dly. militia; al,.;o Conlinental army. 
James Iv.ndle, 3d Batt. 
John Kerrey, Capt. Steelnian's coiiipany,3d Halt., also State troops 

Continental army. 
John Kesler, 3d Batt. 

Daniel Kid.l,3d Batt.; also Col. Somera" Batt., Slate troops. 
Peter Kidd, 3d Batt. 
John KiUey, C.ipt. Steelman's comp:iny, 3d Bait.; also State trtiops 

Continental army. 
Joseph Kindle, 3d Batt. ; also Col. Somers' Batt., State troops. 
Andrew King. 
Cornelius Lacy, 3d Batt. 

John Lafferty, 3.1 Batt.; also Col. Somers" Batt., State troops. 
Andrew Lake. Daniel Lake. 

Joseph Lake, Capt. Steelman's company, 3d Batt. ; also State troops 

Continental army. 
N.alhan Lake. Mack Lamor. 

William Lake. Georse Land. 

James Land. 3d Bait.; also Col. Somers' Batt., Slate troops. 
Kathan Leah, 3d B;itt.-. also Col. Somers' Batt., State troops. 
Xatbani.d Leake, 3d Batt. 

'William Leake, .';d Batt,; also Col. Somers' Bait., State tro-ps. 
Godfrey Leaman, 3.1 Batt. ; also Col. Somers' Batt., Slate troops. 
David Lee. 

Joseph Lee, Capt Pierce's company, 1st Batt.; .also Continental ai 
Walter Lee, 3d Batt.; also Col. Somers' B;Ut., State troops. 
Daniel Leeds. Kehemiab Leeds. 

Felix Leeds. Thomas Leeds. 

James Leeds. 

William Leeds, militia; also Continental army. 
Azariah Leonard, 3d Batt. ; also Col. Somen)' Batt, State troops 

Continental army. 
Francis Lewis, 3d Batt. 

Jeremiah Lewis, 3d Batt.; also Col. Somers' Batt., State troops. 
John Linwood, 3d Bait.; also Col. Somers' Batt., St,ate troops. 
Daniel Lippencott, 3d Batt. 
John Lippencott, Capt. Rape's company. 3d Batt. ; also SUite ti 

also Continental army. 
John Little, 3d Batt. ; also Col. Somers' Batt., State troops. 
John Little, Sr. John Lock. 

John Little, Jr. Jonathan Lock. 

Cornelius Locy, 3d Batt.; also Col. Somers' B;ttt., State troops. 
John Lodge, 3d Batt.; also Col. Somers' Batt.. State troops. 
Ansey Long, 3d Batt. : also Col. Somers" Batt., State troops. 
Moses Long, 3d Batt. ; also Col. Somers' B;itt., Sute troops. 
Silas Long. .\bram Loper. 

Asa Lord, 3d Batt.; also Col. Somers' Batt., State troops. 
John Lord, 3d Batt. ; also Col. Somers' Batt., State tnxips. 
Jonathan Lord, 3d Batt. ; also Col. Somers' Batt., State troops. 
Richard Lown, 3d Batt.; also Col. Somera' Batt., State troops. 
Israel Luck, militia; also Continental army. 
Abram Manary. George Marical. 

David Mancy. Joseph Marshall. 

Benjamin Manley. William Marshall. 

Edmund Mapea. Andrew Mart. 

Andrew Mason, 3d Batt. ; also Col. Somers" Batt., State trool«. 
David M.asoo. 

Benjamin Mas=ey, 3d Batt. ; also Col. S-miera" Batt., State tro.jr.s. 
Joseph Masters, 3d Batt. ; also Col. .■"oniers" I'Mtt., State troops. 
David Matlacks. John McClaianer. 

Jesse Slattacks. 

Michael McClean-. 3d Batt.; also Col. Somers' B;ttt., State tr.xips 
John McColluiii. Adam McConnell. 

Abraham McCullor.k, militia; also Continental army. 
James JIcFadden, Capt. Snell's company, 3d B;itt. ; also State t 

also Continental army. 
John McFadden, 3d Bait.; also State troops; al« Coulin.nt.il an 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



45 



• Ml 



laud, M Butt.; nls.< Col. Sorao 
, nillitiii: i.lsoOontinenliil iiri 
Mpil, milili;i; also ContiiiPiir^i 
) (\>1, Sorapp 
r>.l. Somer»- 



' Tlatt., SInte troo[w». 



I..~>rt;i 



Mcll-iiry, 3J rmt 

M. Kay, :'.il Van.; 

SIcKiuimy. 
McN\il, 3a Butt.; 
iifrm;»?ter-flergeant, Coiiti 
«enie, »il Bait. ; also Col. 



' Itatt., :^tat 
lUtt.. Statp 



CI. 



' llatt . ! 



■ troops. 



tU-* Me 



r-- ilftniiti ^liller, :'.d Batt. ; also Col. Soniers' Batt , State troops. 
•Muaul Mi'.lcr.aa ftitt. ; also Col. Suniers' Bait., State troops. 
M.-lh.'n Miller, M Bait.; also Col. Somei-a' Batt., State tioons. 
.•^.oiuel Miiitear, '.JJ Batt. ; also Col. Somers' ant.. Slate troops. 
i;™ri;o Jlirt?, id Butt. 
J,.bii Mitthell, militia; also Coiitiiiental arniy. 



P.'o. 



-I Moor 
i.w Uoi 
1 Morse 



, .3d Batt. ; aU 
is, 3d Batt.; e 



o Col. S. 
ISO Col. 



' Batt., State 1 



ops. 



Si.hol.is Morse. 

Crorgc Moses, 3d Batt.; al.-oCol. 

Sliar.>li MoslanJer, 3d Batt. ; also 

Ezekiel Mulford. 

Kurnjan Mulford, n.l B.att. ; alsi. 

Jonathan Mulf..rJ,3.i Batt.; also 

SaniiKl Mulford, 3d Batt. 



:ol. Sou 
Cul. So 



Dare Mil 



'(orSIn 



J.din .Miuioiuli, 3d Batt 
Williji.i Murphy. 
John Musbrook, militia 
Thomas Xeaves, 2d Ball 
llavis Nelson, 3d Ball. 
Cahriel Nelson, 3d Batt, 
JaiiiL-s Nelson. 
Joseph Nelson, 3d Batt. 



, 3d Bait. 
also Col. 



I C.d. 



' Batt., Slate tp 



■ Batt., Sta 



ops. 



also 1 



' Ba 



t.. State troops. 

N. hemiah Nelson, 3J D.itt.; also Col. Somers' Batt., State troops, 
liielmrd Nevvfeen, 3d B.itt. ; also 0.d. Somers' Batt., State troops. 
John Newman, 3d Bait.; also C<il. Somers' Bait., Stale troops. 
K.'uben Newman, 3d Bait.; also Col. Somers' Batt., State troops. 
Silas Newton, militia; also sergt., Continental army. 
Cornelius Nkhol.s. Jacob Nichols. 



Thomas Nichols, 2d Batt.; also State tr 

Wilson Nlckles.Hd Batt.: also Col 

John Nickleson, 3J Batt.; also Col. S. 

David NieUun, 3d Batt. : also Col. Somer 

Davis Nielsou, 3d Batt. ; also Col. Somen 

Gabriel Nielsen, 3d Batt. ; also Col. Sonn 

Benjamin Nile. 

Benjamin Norcross, 3d Batt.; also Col. S 

James Norcros.s, 31 Batt. 

Joseph Norcross, 3d Batt. ; also Col. Som 

Caleb Norton. Jai 

Jonathan Norton, 3<1 Ball. ; also Col. Sol 

Thomas Nukler, 3d Batt. ; also Cul. Soin 

Wil.on Nuckless 

J'hnOrrlor Ord), 3d Batt.; also Col. So 

llaniel Osborn, 3d Ball.; also Col. Some. 

lla»id Padgett, 3d Bait. ; also Col. Soniei 

Thomas Padgetl, 3d Batt. ; also Col. Son 

Joseph Parker, Sr. Jo: 

&imuel Parker, Sr. Sal 

Daniel Parkea. 

Joseph I'arkes, Capl. Piel 



ps; also Continental army. 
.' Batt., Slate troops. 
Batt., Stale troops, 
i.itt.. State troops, 
alt.. Slate troops. 
Ball , SLate troops. 



' Datt., Si: 






' Batt., State troops. 
■ Norton. 



' Ball., SlaK 






ners' Batt., State troops. 
(' Batt., State tniofis. 
i' Bait., State troops. 
;rs' Ball , Suite troops. 
?ph Parker, Jr. 
luel Parker Jr. 



Sanmel Perkins. 3d Batt. ; also Col. Somers' Batt., State troops. 

Daniel Perry, 3d Batl. ; also Col. Soniel^' Bjitt.. Stale lowps. 

John Perry, 3d Bait.; also Col. Somers' Batt., State lroof«. 

Joseph Perry. 

Moses Perry, 3.1 Batl. ; also Col. Somers' Bait., Slate troops. 

Philip Peters, 2d Batt.; also Stale troops; also Coulinenlal arm 

Abram Pelereon. 

David Peterson, 3d Ball.; also Col. Somers' Ball., Stale tnwps. 

Jacob Peleison, Capl. Smith's eompauy, 3d Batl. ; al-o Slate tro. 

Continental army. 
Samuel Peleison. 3d Bait. ; also Col. Somers' Bait., State troops. 
Thom.is Peterson. 
Joseph Petl, 3d Ball.; also Col. S. 
George Pierce. 

Joseph Pl.ilt, 3d Bait. ; also Col. 
Samuel PlatI, lid Itatt. ; also Col. 
Thomas Poarch, 3d Halt. ; also Cl 



^'Batt., Sts 
Ward Pier 



Law 



• Poule 



lilili: 



John 


Pi 


well, 3d Batt. ; also 


Col 


Son 


era' 


Ball., Slate t 


rooM. 


Rich 


»rd Powell. 






Kic' 


ard Price. 




Jacob P 


ice. 






Tho 


mas Price. 




Levi 


Pr 


ce. 












Thon 


ips 


in I'rice, Capt. Som 


rs' 


company 






Will 


am 


Pridmore, 3d Batt. 


; al 


Co 


.S.J 


jiers' Ball.. S 


ate troops 


Wdl 


an 


Prigniore, 3d B..tl. 


, al 


oCo 


. So 


alers' Halt.. S 


ale troops 


Will 


am 


Uuicksel, 3J Batt. 


als 


oCol 


Son 


lers' Batt . State troops 


John 


Eii 


in, Capt. Fisler's CO 


mpa 


ny ; 


ilso 


Continental. 


rmy. 


Jona 


tha 


n P.eed. 






Obe.liah Reed. 




Will 


an 


Reed, 2d Batt.; als 


Ci 


nlin 


nia 


army. 




John 


R 


eves. 












Josh 


la 


Reeves, 3d Ball.; a 


soC 


ol. & 


mer 


s' Ball., Stale 


troops. 


T'ooi 


aas 


Reeves, .id Ball. ; a 


so 


'ol. ; 


ome 


-s' Batt., Sl.it 


e troops. 


ThoD 


las 


Rennard. 












Samuel Keynolds,3d Regl. 


als 


oCol 


Son 


lers' Bait., St 


lie troops 



' Bait., State troops. 
Robertson. 
Batt.. Slate tro.ips. 
ers' Ball., State troops. 
■ Ball., Slate troops, 
s' Batt., Slate troops. 



ni.^iny 



1st Batt.; 



also Contii 



ny. 



ml), 3d ! 
al annv. 



John Parry, 

Israel Parsl 

' C'l. Some 



Batt. 



Noah Parke 
Paul Parkes 
John Palter 
Conl.ne 
John Patterson (2d;, 3d Batl. ; also Col 
Joseph Paul, 3d Bait. ; also G.l. Somers' Batt., Si 
Kobert Pawpe. David Peir 

Samuel Peckin,3d Bait. 

Stephen Peinion,3<l Batt.; also Col. Somers' Batt., State troops. 
James Penton, militia; also corp. Continental army. 
Joseph Peiiyard, 3<1 Bait.: also Col. .■^omcii.' Ball.. M;..te tro.jp». 
Samuel Peuyard, 3d Batt.; also Oil. Somers' Ball., State troops. 



Batt., State t 
, 3d Batt. 



Michael Rice, 2.1 Bait. ; also C.ntiiienlal army. 

Joseph Rich, 3d B.att. ; also Col. Somers' Ball., Slate troojs. 

Richard Eicherson,3d Batt. 

Richard Richman, 3.1 Batt. ; also Col. Somers' B,itt., Stale tr 

Daniel Richmond. 

Jacoii Riley, .3d Bait.; also Col. Somers' Ball., Slate troops. 

Patrick Riley. Morris Risley. 

.\un Risley. Nathaniel Risley. 

David Risley. Samuel Kisley. 

Joseph Risley. Thomas Risley. 

John Robbius, 3d Batt. ; also Col. Somers' Batt , state troop! 

James Robetli. 

Joseph Roberts, 3d Regl.; also Col. Somer 

George Robertson. I-aa 

Caleb Robeson. 3d Batt. ; also Col. Somers 

Jeremiah Robeson, 3d BatL; also Col. Sot 

Joseph Robeson, 3d Batt.; also Oil. Some; 

Tin. mas Robeson, 3d Bait.; also Col. Somi 

Jeremiah Robinson. 

William Rockuill, 3d Bait.; also Col. So 

sergt. Continental army. 
Andrew Ross, 1st Bait 
Stephen Boss. 
Enoch Rudnown, 3d Ba 
Enoch Rudro*,3.1 Batt 
John Salmon, 3d B,itt.; 
John Salsbury. 
David Sayers. 
Thomas Scolt, Capt. Paul 

O.nlinenlal army. 
Abel Scull. 

Davi.l Scull, 3d Ball.; also Col. Somers' Batt., Slate troops. 
. Joseph Scull. Peter icuU. 

David Sialey, 3d Bait.; also Col. Somers' Bait., State troops. 
Jacob Se.ldens. 

Benjamin Seeds, niilitia ; also Continental army. 
John Seeley, militia ; also Continental army. 
David Seers, 3.1 Bait.; iilso Col. Sumers' Hall., Slate tr.TOi ». 
William Seder, :;.| Bait. ; also Col. Somers' ll.itt.. Stale Iroope. 
John Seivy, :id Batt.; also Col. S<jmerB' Batl., Stale troi.ps. 
William Senker, 3.1 Bait. 
John Slialie. 



J* Ball., State troops; 

7; ditto May 19, 1778, 
John Rossell. 
Col. Somers' Batt., State troops. 



imded Oct. 29, 



aUo Col. Somers' Biitt., Slate troops. 
Joseph Sawings. 



company, 3d Ball.; 



Henry Sh.irp, 3,1 Bilt. 



> Col. Somers' Batt.. Slate troops. 



46 



HISTORY OF GLOUCESTER, SALEM, AND (TMBERLAND COUNTIP^S. 



Ronbcn Sliaw, 3il Kitt.: hIso Col. Soruors' Ritt., StiVto tnx)ps. 

Kichard Sliaw, :l.l Halt, : also (\.I. Somors' Ualt., Slals lror.[>8. 

David Slioeff, 3d Hatt. ; also C.d. Soiucra' nalt., Slate troops. 

Lawrence Sliepherd. :!d Uatt. ; also Col. Soniers' liatt., State tro< 

Xatlmni.l Slieidierd, 3d Batt.; also C^jl. Soniers' Bait., State tro 

Owen Shepher.l. 3.1 Bait.; al.so Col. Soiners' Batt., State troops. 

Frederick Shinfelt. 

Edward Shroppear. 3d Batt.; also Col. Somere' Batt., State troo; 

John Sluiley, 3d Batt.; also Col. Soniere' Batt., State troops. 

&tmuel Sluite, Capt. Fisher's company; also Continental army. 

Henry Sight, militia; also Continental army, 

John Sill, 3d Batt.; also Col. Somers' B.itt., Slate troops. 

John Silvey, 3d Batt. 

James Sirapkins. 

Jesse Siner, 3d Batt.; also Col. 

William Sinker, 3d Batt.; also 



' Bait., State troiips. 



3d It. 



ndl.' 



•rs' Bait., Slate troop 
' Batt., Slate troops. 



George Sinipkins 



David Skeoff. 3(1 Batt. 
rhilip Slide, 3d Batt.; als. 
James Sniallwood. 
John Smallwood, 2d Batt. 



,' Batt., StiUe tTixjps. 
mcrs- Bait., Slate troo 
John Slawter. 
s' Batt., State troops. 



Klias S 
Elijah 



Felix 



lith. 



Ill, Jr 



lith. 



Jar 



■oops; also Con tine 
enry Smith, 
aac Smith, 
lith. 



Jesse Smith, 3d Ball.; also Col. Somers' Batt.. State troops. 
John Siiiilh, 3d Bait.; also Col. Somers' Batt., Stale troops. 
Joseph Smith, 3d Batt.; also Col. Somers' Batt., State troops. 
Joshua Smith. Micha Smith. 

Nathan Smith, Capt. Smith's company, 3d Batt. also 

army. 
Noah Smilh. 

ThonuLS Smith, .3d Batt.; also Col. Somera 
William Smith (1), 3d Batt.; al.so Coi. Son 
William Smith (2), .3d Batt.; also Col. Son 
Zenos Smith, 2d Batt.; also State troops: 
Daniel Snailhakcr, 3cl Batt.; also Col. Son 
i'hilip Biiailbakcr, .^u Ball.; also Uol. Som 
George Snelbacker, 2d Bait. ; al-o Contint 
David Siiell, Zd Batt. 

Robert Suelly, 3d Batt. ; also Col. Somtrs' 
Joseph Soey.' 
XichoLis Socv. 



iatt., Mate troops, 
•s' Bait., State troops, 
rs' Bait., Stale troops, 
lo Continental army. 
d' Batt., State troops 



Somers' Batt, Stat 
ntineiilal army. 

lers' Bait., Slate tr 
David Sonimors. 
Enoch Sommers. 



1 troops. 



Samuel Soey. 
John Somers, C; 
Kichard Somme 
Thomas Somme 
Joseph Sparks. 
Koberl Sparks. 
John Spire. 
Richard Stedma 
Andrew Sleelml 
Daniel Steelmai 
David Sleelman 
Ebenezer Steeln 
John Steelmau; 
Jonas Sleelman. 



Isaac Summers, 
y, 1st Ball.; also Continenfcil i 
Thomas Springer. 

John Sjirone:. 
John Starkey. 



Frederick Sleelman. 
George Sleelman. 
James Sleelman, Sr. 



Jonatha 



Steeln 






Richard Sleelman, 3d Batt 
David Stephens. 

Ezekiel Steward, 3d Batt.; also Col. S 
Joseph Steward, 3d Ball. ; al-o Col. S 
Alexander Stewart. J 

John Stewart, Sr., Cajit. Fi,-,ler's comp 
JohiT Stewart, Jr., Capt. Fisler's com 
liiienlal army. 



!r-' Halt., Sti 
rs' Ball., SU 



r; also State troops; also Co 



Stephen Stewari 


1. 




David Slil 


well. 


Ebt 


■uezerSleblii 


ns. 




S: 


imuel Si 


;oddard. 


Tilt 


■mas Stoneb; 
Irotjps; alb'. 


ink, C: 


ipt. Slonebi 


aiik'f 




ly, 1st 


Joe 


1 Slord. 












Tin 


>maji Slolliei 
Capt. Allen' 


in, 3d 
'8 comp 


Bait.; also 
lany. State 1 


Col. 
;roop 


Somers' 


Ball , S 


San 


luel Strickla 


nd. 










Job 


u Slrumbl-, 


mililia 


; also Conti 


ineiit 


al army. 




Uid 


eon SlulJ. 3d Bait.; 


also Col. S. 


mien 


>' Bait., 


Stale tr. 


Jan 


les s mera 


(or So 


mersj, -M B 


att.; 


also Col, 


ilinenta 


Job 


n Stiitman. 












Abi 


■aliarn Swain 


i..3d K. 


pg'. 









' Valenliiie Sweeny, :>.l Batt. 
. Tini.ithy Swiney. 

Valentine Swing, 3d Ball.; also Col. So 
- Isaac Taylor. 

Robert Taylor, 3.1 Batt.; also Col. S.imf 

■ William Tennent, mililia; also Continental army. 

; Isaac Terrepin, 3d Ball.; also Col. Somers' Ball.. State troops. 
' rriah Terrepin, 3d Ball, ; also Col Somers' Batt., Slate troops. 
\ Jonathan Terry. James Thomas, 

i John Thackry. 

John Thom.as. 3d Ball.; also Col. Somers' Ball., Slate troops. 
! Uich.ard Thomas. 

: William Thomson, od Batt. ; also Col. Somers' Ball., Stjite ti-oops. 
i Oliver Thorpe, 3d Bait.; also Col. Somers' Ball., State troops. 
! John Tice. Daniel Tilton. 

: Peter Till, 3d Ball. 

I Joseph Tilton. 3d Bait.; also Col. Somers' Bait., State troops. 
i Jacob Timberman. 

Elijah Tomlin, 3d Bait. ; also Col. Somers' Batt , Stale troops. 
' Jacob Tomlin, 3d Batt.; also Col. Somei-s' Ball., Slate troops. 
' Jonathan T..mlin, 3d Batt. ; al.so Col. Somers' Bait., State troops. 
; William Tomlin, 3d Ball.; also Col. Somers' B.itl., State troops. 
: Lewis Tonson, 3.1 Bait.; also Col. S.imers' Ball., State tro.ips. 
i Redack Tourain (or Tournier), 3d Bait.; also Col. Somers' Bait., Stale 

troops. 
} John Towne. James Townsend. 

! D.aniel Townsend. John Townsend. 

Keddick Townsend, Capt. Smith's company ; also Continental army. 
. Daniel Trumey, 3d Bait. : also Col. Somers' Ball., Stale troops. 
i John '\'anam.in, 3d Batl. ; also Col. .Somers' Bait., State troops. 
I David Vernon, 3d Bait. ; also Col. S.imers' Ball., Slate troops. 
1 George Waggoner, '3d Ball.; also Col. Somers' B.itl.. Slate troops. 
I John Walker, 3d Batt.; also Col. Soraers' Bait., Slate troops. 
I George Wall, Capt. Fisler's company; also (jDntinental army. 
I John Wallace, 3 1 Ball.; afto Col. Somers' Ball., State tr.oops. 
i John W'allis, 3d B.itt. ; also Col. Somer.-' Ball., Stale troops. 
I Benjamin Weatherby, 3d Ball. ; also Col. Somei-s' Ball., State troops. 
I David Weatherby, 3d Batt.; also Col. Somers' Batt., Stale troops. 
I George Weatli"rby, 3d Batt. ; also Col. Somers' Bait., State troops. 
i John Weeks. Zeplianiah Weeks. 

Seth Welden, 3d Bait; also Col. S.jmers' Bait., Stale troops. 
i Thomas Weldron. Jacob Wence. 

': Peter Wells. 

'; Israel West, 3d Ball.; also C.jl. Somers' Bait., Slate troops. 
i Uriah West, 3d Ball.; also Col. Someis' Ball., Slate truojis. 
' Porter Wheatou. 
; Robert Wheaton, 3d Ritt. : also Col. Somers' Ball., Slate troops. 

Silas 'Whealon. Samuel Whitacre. 

Uriah Wheatou. 

Jennings While, 3J Batt.; also Col. Somers' Ball., Slate troops. 

John White, 3d Ball.; also Col. Somers' Ball., Slate troops. 

John Whillock, 3d Bait. ; also Col. Somers' Batt., State troops. 

John Wild, 3d Bait.; also Col. Somers' Ball., State troops. 

Daniel Wiles, 3d Ball.; also Col. Somers' Ball,, Stale tro.ip8. 

James Wiley. David Williams, 3d Batt. 

Edward Williams, Capt. Fi-ler's company; also Coutinenlal army. 

George Williams, 3d Batt. ; also Col. Somers' Ball., State troops. 

John Williams. William Williams. 

David Williamson, 3d Batt. : also Col. Somers' Bait., Stale troops. 

John Wilscy. Elijah Wilson. 

William Wilson, .3d Ball.; also Col Somers' Bait., State troops. 

Samuel WoodrulT, 3d Ball.; also Col. Somers' Bitr., State troops. 

■ John 'Woolson, 3.1 Batt.; al^o Col. Somers' Ball., Sl-ite troops. 
Samuel Woriick. 

John Wright, mililia; also Continental army. 

Uance Young, 3d Bait. ; alio Col. Ix.uiers' Hilt., Stile troops. 

Criab Young, 3,1 B.ilt.; also Col, S.imer,' Ball., State troi.ps. 

SALE.M COUNTY. 

Co^n^.'«. 
W'hitlon Crip|.^. ll.jut.-eol. Itt Ball.. .Salem, June 20, 177G: lient -col. 
Col. SaiMilel F.;rniau's Ball., " Ivia..h.-d Militia," July IS, 1770; 
Ileut.-col. Col, roller's Ball,, State troops, Nov. 27, 177C; col. 1st 



I 



Bait, 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



'8 Batt., Heard'E 
, 2J Batt., Salem; 






•.»murl Pick. col. Isl Halt., Salem, .Imio 'Jl, 1776 ; rfsigiied to b«ODie 

t menilK>r of the General .^ssonil.ly. 
tl,„!.niiii Holme, lieut -col. '.'d Eatt., &.leni ; col. ditto. May iT, 1777; 

re-'ic'ied Nov. 6, 177S. 
.1 .1,(1 H.ilnie, col. id Ritt., Salem ; resiRned Mar 27, 1777. .lissvMlity. 
\Villi*ni Shute, lictil.-col. 2d IJatt., Salem, May 27, 1777 ; col. ditto : also 

Kjsiet.-com -pen. 

rj«-»rd Hall, 2d maj. Ut liatl., S.ilem, June 2", 1776. 
John Kelly, capt. 2 1 I!;itt., Salom ; 2<i niaj. ditto. 
Thomas Mecnm, Ift niaj. 2d Ratt., S;ileni. 
William Mecum, 1st maj. 1st Datt., Salom, .Iniie 2". 1776. 
\Dtli"iiv Sharp, 1st niaj. 2d Batt., Salem, Slav 27, 1777; ni.aj. Cul. Stil- 
well's Ken'. *">'« tr.x>|.s. Hit. 9. 1779; al3.> capt. C.iiitineutal army. 
Ilen-J- Sparks, Jr., 2d maj. 21 Batt , Salem, May 27. 1777. 

Adjutant. 
John Smith, adjt. 2d Batt, Salem, May 27, 1777. 

ijuartemvuttrs. 
Thomas Carpenter, q.m. 1st Batt , Salem. (See also paymasters.) 
Jacob UollinsUead, q.m., Sal.rm. 
James Steel, q m. 1st Batt., Sakni. 
.\nJrow Yorke, q.m. 2d Batt., Salem, .\ug. 6, 177T. 

Pii\/masferB.^ 
.tndrew Sii.ickson, paymaster, Cape May, Cumlierland, and Salem. (See 

William Smith, paymaster, Salem. 

explains. 
K.lijah Cattell, capt. Ist Batt., Sileni. 
.\llen Congleton, capt., Sal.;m ; capt. Col. Xe 

hrigade, June 14. 1776; capt. State troops. 
I!ei;j;\min Corlies, 1st lieut. Capt. Sheppard's Co 

lieut. State troops; capt. ditto. 
.I..ohiia Courlanrt. capt., SalrT^i. 

.tbraham Dubois, capt. 2d Uatt., Salem, Nov. 1, 1779. 
Jacob Dubois, capt. 2J Batt., Palim : resigned. 
Peter Dubois, 1st lieut. Capt. Jacob Dubois' company, 2d Batt^ Salem ; 

capt. ditto. 
Joseph Howard, capt. 2d Batt., Salem. 
John Houseman, 2d Batt , Salem. 
William Johnson, capt., Salem. 
Nicholas Keen, lieut. 1st Batt., Salem; capt. ditto, capt. Maj. Hayes' 

Batt., State troops. (See naval service.) 
Jonathan Kinsey, lieut., Salem ; capt., ditto ; capt. Batt. Heard's brigade 

June 16, 1776; also capt. Continental anny. 
Bateman Lloyd, capt., Salem ; foragemaster ; al^o capt. Continental army. 
James Menley, sergt. 2d Batt., Salem ; capt. ditto. 
William Miller, capt. 2J liatt., Salem; capt. Ist Batt., ditto. 
CorneliosNe« kirk, capt. 2d Batt., Salem; also capt. 1st B.itt., Gloucester. 
Abner Penton, capl. 2d Batt., Salem, .\ug. 19, 1776. 
William Rice, capt., S^deni; capt. l.t Bait., Gloucester. (See naval 

John Bowan, capt., Salem. 

Charlton Shejipard, 1st lieut. Capt. Henry Sparks' company, 2d Bait,, 

Salem ; capt. ditto; wounded at Hancock's Bridge, N. J., Maich 21, 

1778. 
Andrew Sinick.^on, capt. 1st Batt., Salem. (See payma.ster!.) 
Thomas Sinickson, capt. 2d Batt., Salem; elected naval officer, Western 

Dittiict, New Jersey, Dec. 12, 1778. 
Thomas Smith, ensign CaiJt. Peiiton\i company, 2d Batt., Salem; lieut. 

ditto; cajit. ditto. 
Williani Smith, capt. 2J Batt., Salem. 
Henry Sparks, capt. 2d Il.itl., Salem. 
Robert Sparks, capt, 2d Datt., Salem. 
Ncwcomb Thompson, 2d lieut. Capt. Jacob Dul<jis' company, 2d Batt., 

Sakm : capt. ditto, Jan. ?., 17S2. 
Tliomas Thompson, capt. 2d lialt., Salem. 
Jolm Till, capt. 1st Ban., Salem. 
George Treiichard, capt. Ist Uatt., Salem. 

Vincent, capt., Sal-m. 

Daniel Went/el, lient. 2.1 Batt., Salem; capt. ditto. 

Lieuteiiunta , 
.ionathan Uilderack, Ilcut. Capt. Thomas Sinickson's company, 2d Batt., 



David Sithens, lieut. Capt. Newkirk's coiuimny, 2d Batt., SJilem. 
Henry Young, lient., Salem. 

Firal LiniUTiaul'. 
Eton Haywoo.!, 1st lieut. Capt. Penton'a company, 2d Batt., Salem, .^ug. 

19, 177ii. 
James Wright, Ist lieut. Capt. Miller's company, 2d Batt, Salem. 
Robert Walker, 1st lieut. Capt. Robert Sparks' company, 2d Batt., Salem. 

StC'>nd Luijtfnants. 
Joseph Dickinson, 2d lieut. Capt. Robert Sparks' company, 2d I'.att., 

Salem. 
Benjamin Holme, Jr., 2d lieut. Capt. Henry Sparks' company, 2d Ritt., 

Salem. 
Jacob Houseman, 2d lieut. Capt. Penton's company, 2d Batt., Salem, 

Aug. 19, 1776. 
Anthony Lowden, ensign Capt. Sheppard's company, 2il Batt., Salem ; 

2d lieut. ditto ; wounded at Haucock's Bridge, March 21, 177S. 
John Sinickson, 2d lieut. Capt. Miller's company, 2d BatL, Salem. 

Ensi'jn^. 
John Blair, ensign, S.ilem : ensign Heard's brigade, Juno 14, 1776 ; also 

lieut. Coi.tinent.al army. 
William Bresby, euaign Cal't. Charlton Sheppard's company, 2d R,tt., 

Salem. 
John Congleton, ensigu Capt. Thomas Sinickson's company, 2d Batt., 

Salem. 
^Villiam Conklin. ensign Capt. Jacob Dubois' company, 2d Batt.. iileni. 
George M.KarJand, ensign, Salem : ensigu Col. Newcomb's Batt., Il.-ard's 

brigade, June 14,1776; ensign Capt. Congleton's company. State 

troops; also ensign Continental army. 
Josei'h Stonebank, ensign Capt. Robert Sparks' company, 2d Batt., 



Sal* 



npany, 2d Batt., Sale 



.^aron Stretch, ensign Capt. Henry Sparks 

Sergeants. 
Aaron Brown, sergt. Capt. Neivkirk's compauy, 2d Bait., Salem. 
Dennis Daley, sergt. Capt. Slieppard's compauy, 2d Batt., Salem ; wo 

at Haucock's Bridge M.arcli 21, 1773. 
Thomas Graham, sergt. 1st Batt., Salem. 
Joseph Haynes, sergt. 1st Batt., .Salem. 
Peter Jaquet, sergt. 1st Batt., Salem ; sergt. Capt. Keen's coa 

Stale trops. 
Robert Patterson, s.?rgt. Capt. Newkirk's comiwny, 2d Batt., Sale 
Edward Siddon, .sergt., Salem ; taken prisoner Oct. 17, 1776. 

Corporals. 
Henry Congleton, Corp. 1st Batt., Salem ; Corp. Capt. Keen's con 

State troops. 
•Tosel'li Fanver, cori*. Capt. Newkirk's company, 2d Batt., Salem. 



Scwkirk's company, 2d Batt. 
■ at Slaten Island Oct. 17, 1776. 



Piivate'. 
William Aaron, Cap 
Joshua Allen. 
Thonixs Allen, priso 
Phiueas Ayers, 2d Batt. 

Andrew Bacon, severely wounded at tiuinton's Bridge. 5!arch IS, 177 
David Barnes, militia; also State troops; also Continental army. 
Thomas Darrell, militia; also Continental army. 
Barret. Manoab Bateman. 



Tin 



; Be 



Walker Beesley, Capt. Sheppard's company, 2d Batt. 

David Bcvens, 2d Batt.; also State troops; also Continentiil anuy. 

James Boiles, militia; also Continental army. 

Samuel Bowen, militia ; also Continental army. 

Job Brown, Capt. Slie|ipard's cnipany, 2d Batt. ; also State troops. 

Joseph Brown, Capt. Newkirks company, 2d Batt. 

Jacob Bryand. 

Robert C.impbell, Ist Batt. ; also Stite troops; also Continental army, 

Lawrence Carney, 2d Batt.; aho State troops; also Conliuoiital army. 

John Cams. 

Powell Caipenter, dangerously wounded at Haucock's Bridge March 

17, 177fl. 
William Caljienter, 2d Uatt. 

William Carly, Isl Matt. ; als . Mate tnxips ; also Continental army. 
Oba.liah Carulliers, Capt. Newkii k's company, •2d Batt. 
Joseiih Cbartres. Capt. Trenclianrs company, 1st Batt.; also State troops ; 

also Corp. Continental army. 



48 



HISTORY OF GLOITESTKK, SALHM, AND CU.MBKULAXD COUNTlKt 



Francis Clnrk, Ist llntt. ; nlsti Lieut. Siiulh's company, Oil. Sowcomb's 

Bjitt., Sltilc tro<.tj»3; tiicti Nov. 30. 17Tr.. 
Ezekiol (\.!l.urt. 

Williiim L'ollin?, Cil Ritt. ; .nlso State troops; also Continental arni.v. 
Timoth.v Conner, militia; also fontinental army. 
Patriek Connor, Capt. Xcwkirk'a company, M liall. 
Alexander Cooper, 1st Batt. ; also State tro.ips ; also Continental army. 
Henry Corigan, militia; aUo Continental army. 
John Condi, Capt. Sinill.'s company, Jil Patt. ; killed at Quinton's 

Bridge, March IS, 1T7S. 
Alexander Cowper, uiililia ; also State tnxips. 
Euos Cniig, Capt. Xewkirk's company, I'd Batt. 
Adam Cronce, Capt. Feuton's company, 2.1 liatt. ; also Cuntinental 



ops ; also Continental j 



William Cnlly. militia , also ( ontiner 

John Cunningliam, 1st Batt. ; aI,o St 

Samnel Cnrry, id Batt. ; also State troops. 

Thomas Daniels. 

James Davis, militia ; also Continental army. 

Ashbrook Dickinson, C.ipt. Catcll's company, 1st liatt. ; also State 
troops; also Continental anny. 

Samuel Dickinson, mililia; also Continental army. 

Jacob Dirgns, militia; also State troops; also Continental army. 

Benjamin Dubois, Ciipt. Xewkirk's company, 2a Batt. 

Cornelius Dubois, Capt. Newkiik's company, 2d Batt. 

David Dubois, Capt. Xewkirk's company, 2d Batt. 

Jerediah Dubois, Capt. Xewkirk's company. 2d Batt. 

William DnlT, Capt. Haywood's company ; aUo State troops ; also Conti- 
nental army. 

Alexander Dunbar, militia; also Continental army. 

Xenian Duulap. 

Thomas Eastburn, Capt. Xewkirk's company, 2d Batt. 

Francis Kastlack, Capt. Xewkirk's company, 2d Batt. ; also State troops; 
also Continental army. 

Amariali Elwell, 1st Batt. ; also State troops : also Continental army. 

David Elwell, mililia; also Continental army. 

John Ehvell, Capt. Xewkiik's company, id Bait. 

Samuel Elwell, militia ; also sergt. Continental army. 

George Faruey, militia; also Continental arm.y 

James Finley, Capt. Slieppard'g company, 2d Batt.; wounded at Han- 
cock's Bridge, March 21, ITTS. 

William Finley, Captain Sheppard's company, 2d Batt.; wounded at 
Hancock's Bridge, Match 21, 1773. . 

John Fitzgerald, militia; also Continental army. 

George Flint, militia; also State troops; also Continental army. 

Judah Foster, Capt. Xewkirk's company, 2d Batt. 

Jacob Fox, 2d Batt. ; also Continental army. 

Jacob Fox, 1st Batt. ; also State troops; also Continental army. 

John Francisco, militia ; wounded. 

CaUin Gamble, Capt. Xewkirk's company, 2d Bait.; al=o Continental 
army. 

David Gartou. 

William Givoiis, militia ; also Capt. Keen's company. State troops. 

Daniel Goalder, Capt. Xew kirk's company, 2d Batt. 

John Green, 1st E.itl.; also 2d Batt.; also State troops; also Continental 
army. 

William Grifflths, militia; also Continental amiy. 

John Grimes, Ibt Itegt. ; also State troops: al.-o Continental army. 

Jiichard Grimes, dipt. Xewkirk's company, 2d Batt.; also State trcx.pa; 
also Continental army. 

Jacob Groves. 

Hugh Gunioa, 1st Regt. ; also State troops ; also Continental army. 

Jeremiah tlackett, 1st Bait. ; also State troops; also Continental army. 

Isaac Harris. Jacob Harris. 

Waller Harris, 1st Batt. ; also 2d Batt.; also State troops; also Conti- 
nental army. 

James Hill, militia; also Continental army. 

Philip Hogate. 

Daniel Holt, 1st Batt.; also 2d Batt.; also State troops; al-o Continen- 
tal army. 

Jacob Huffy. 

John llutton, Capt. Xewkirk's company, 2d Batt. 

Henry Jobns.jn, 2d Batt, 

Jan.es Johnson. 

Joseph Johnson, mililia: als-j State troops; also Continent..! army. 

Thomas Jones. John Jorden. 

John Kelly, 1st Bait.; also State troops ; also Continental army. 



Michael Kelly, 1st Bait.; also State troops: also Continenlal atniv. 
William Kelly, 1st Batt ; also State troops; also Continental armV. 
Tlionius Kenneriy, mililia; nls.. Stiite troops; also Continental armt. 
John K.dcliain, 1st Regt. ; also State troops ; also Continental army. 
J.iliii King, militia ; al,*o State troops; also Continenlal army. 
James Kinsey, militia; also Continenlal army. 

Dennis Laflerly, militia; also Slate troops; also Continental army. 
John I.aws..n, 1st nalt.; also 2.1 liatt.; als.. State tro..>ps : al.s,i Oil 

iienial army. 
I'anl Lepi.o. Edward Lewis. 

William Lewis, militia; also Continenlal aimy. 
Walt.'r Line.ly. mililia; also Slate troops; also Conlinenlal army. 
Paul Lipps. 
Jonathan Mains. 

David Mayhew, Capt. Xewkirk's cnivaiiy, 2d Bait. 
John Mayhew, Capt. Xew kirks company, 2d Batt. 
John .McCaghan, 1st Batt. ; also St.ile troops; also Continental army 
John McCbiin, 2d Datt.; also Continental army. 
William McCollester, militia; also Continental army. 
William McDa.le, mililia; also Continental army. 
John Mcl'onald, mililia; also Conti.ienlal army. 
John McKlhaney. 
Abram ^IcGce. 

Robert McGee, militia; also Continental army. 
James JlcQiiillom, militia; also Conlin.nlal army. 
Benjamin Jliller, Ist B.att.; also State troops. 
Benjamin Jliiler, 2.1 Bait. ; also Continental anny. 
J.jseph Miller, mililia; also Continental army. 
Patiick .Moore, Capt. Sheppard's company, 2d Batt. ; wounded at li.o: 

cocks Biidge, March 21, 177S. 
William Jloore, militia; also Continental army. 
John 3Inrdock, militia; also Continental army. 
Daniel Murphy, 1st Batt.; also 2d Batt.; also State troops; also Com: 

nental army. 
John Xeally, Capt. Xewkirk's company, 2d Batt. 
William Xeally. Capt. Xewkirk's company, 2.1 Batt. 
Davis Xelsou, Capt. Xewkirk's company, 2d Batt. 
Gabriel Xelson, Capt. Xewkiik's company, 2d Batt. 
Joseph Xelson. 

John XesUer, Ist Batt.; also State troops; also Continenlal army. 
John Xewkiik, Capt. Xewkirk's company, 2d Batt. 
George Xixon, Capt. Xewkirk's Conipan.v, 2d Batt.; also State trcoiH 

also Continental army. 
Robert Xixon, id Batt.; .also State troops; also Continental army. 
Thomas Xoble, Capt. William Smith's company, 2d Batt. ; killed. 
Lawrence Olewine, militia ; also Continental army. 
Xeal O'Xcal, mililia ; also Continental army. 
Stephen Owens, mililia; also Continenlal army. 
William Parker. Joseph Pentou. 

John Pluuimer, 1st Batt.; also State troops. 

J.jhn Prunimer, 2d Bait.; also State troops; also Continental army. 
William Ponn.ler, 1st Batt.; also 2d Bait.; also State troops ; also Co:. 

tinental army. 
J..hn Beardon, Ist Halt.; also State troops: also Continental ;.rmy. 
James Robertson. 2d Batt.; also State troops: also Continenlal arni.\. 
James Robeson, Ist Bait. ; also State troops; also Continental army. 
Thomas Rose, Capt. Xewkirk's company, 2d Batt. 
Daniel Rnssel, Capt. Xewkirk's company, 2.1 Batt. 
.^bbot Sayers, Capt. Sheppard's company, 2d Batt.: wounded at Han 

cock's Bridge, March 21, 177&. 
James Sayers, Capt. Sheppard's company, 2d Ball.; wouudeil at Ha". 

cock's Bridge, Maich 21, I77>. 
Daniel Shepherd. William Smick. 

James Shepherd. 

John Smith, 2d P.att.; also Continental army. 

Xathan Solley. 2d Batt.; also State troops; also Continental army- 
Henry Stalls, Capt. Penton's compan 
Charles Stephens, mililia: also Couli 
George Sto.jls, 1st Bait. ; also 2d Batt 



tal : 



d Batt.; also Continental a 

ital army. 

Iso Slate troops; also Conti 



George Sirope, 2d Batt. ; also State t 

Jacob Stump. 

James Taylor, militia; al8.j Continental arinv. 

Samuel Teal. 

J..,sliuH Terry, Capt. Keen's company, 1st Bait., Salem. 

J.jsbua Thompson, militia; also Cntinenlal army. 

William Tin. bill, Ist Ball,; als.^ Stab- trcps ; also Con 



GKNKllAL IIISTOIIY. 



41) 



J .t.a T>r.\ l»t n^itt.; also SUto tiMopi; «ls.. Conlinental array. i 

«li.Jiapi Viini'iiiiin, L'.ipl. Tri'riclKinl'a cmir.uiy, Ut Ilatt. : also Statu j 

,r,v,,.s aU. Ointitianlal army. 
J.»r|.li Vim Meter, Capt. Xovvkirk's ci'mpany, -Iti B.ilt. ; 

;,.lin Walker, Capt Si.iicksoii's conipaiiy, Ut ll.ill.; i.Iho State troopa; , 

«lso siTRt. Continental army. 
Jxo'b Walter, militia; a!s«.i State troo^ts; also C^iiitiiiental army. ' 

;,.l,n Walter, Ul Batt.; also Slate troops ; ,llso Continental army. 
ll^.MOian Walts, militia; aUo Continentiil army. 
tDttijny Weaver, 1st Batt. ; alsi> 2J Batt. ; also State troops; also Couti- 

nental army. i 

J.oiea Welch, 2d Rill.; also 1st Bait.; also Stiite troops; also Conti- j 

neutal army. ! 

John Wellice. - 

IVnjamin Wetheringtoa, -2.1 Bitt. : also State troops; als.. OoUineiilal 

t>aTiJ Welherington. j 
Jacob Wliite, 1st Rilt ; also State troops; .ilso Continental army. 

John Wliite, mililia; also State troops. | 

Siillian Williams, militia; also State troops; also Continental army. I 

Giles Yonrson, 1st Biitt. ; also St-ite troops ; also Continental army. I 

ltol*rt Wible, Capt. Newkirk'a compaoy, ^il Batt.; also Continental I 

CUIIEF.CLAND COTNTT. j 

Brigadier- Generah. 

Silas Kencomb, col. Ist Batr, Cumljeiland: col. batt, "Heard's bri- 
gade,'' June U, 1776; brig .gen. militia, March l.i, 1777; res. D-.c. 
4, 1777; also col.. Cmtinental army. 

Uarid Potter, col. ii Batt., Cumberland ; cl. batt. State tnwps, Xot.27, 
1770; brig.-gen. militia, Feb. 21, 1777 ; declined .March 1.3, 1777. 

Colonels. 

tlij.ih Hand, lieut.-col. State troops; lieut.-col. 1st Batt., Cumberland, 
Feb. 4, 1777; col. dilto, June 0, 1777. 

Isaac Piesloii. coi. 1st B.itt., Cumberland, Feb. 4, 1777; res.; died nt his 
quarters in camp at the Forks of tlie Uaritan, March .i or 6, 1777. 

Enos Seeley, lieut -col. 1st D.itt.. Cninbi'rland ; res. Feb 4, 1777, ■disabil- 
ity; col. batt. State troops. 



Fithian St'allon, adjt. l«t Ratt., Cnmberlind; ndjt. Col. Kno3 Seelej's 

Batt., State troops. 

(^*uar(crr)ias/ei s. 
John How.lney, qm. 2d Batt., Cumberland; q.m. Col. Potter's Ball, 

State troops. 
Thomas Kuing, q.m. Col. U-vac Preston's rest, of mibtia. 
Josiah Seeley. q.m. 1st Bait , Cumberland, July 10, 1777; also 1st lieut. 

Continental army. 



troo[i3 ; paymaster 



ri.-'ii;ci 



nt-Colon"ls. 



John N. Cuniming.lst lieut. Capt. Howell's company, 2d Batt., First Es- 
tablishment, Nov. 2a, 177.i; 1st lieut. Ciipt. Lawrie's company, 2d 
Batt., Second Establishment, Nor. 2D, 1770; capt. 21 B.ilt., ditto, 
XoT. 30, 1776; capt. 2d Kegt.; maj. Ist Regt., .\pril 10, 1780; lien I, - 
col. 2d Itegt., Dec. -20, 17SI; liout.-col. commandant 3d Kegt., Feb. 
11. 17.<;J; disch. at the close of the war. 

-Vbijah Holmes, lieut.-col. 2d Batt., Cumberland. 

Samuel Ogd. n, capt. Ist B.itt.. Cumberland ; capt. " Heard's brigade," 
June 14, 1770; capt. Col. Enos Seeley's Batt.. State troops, Jan. ;J1, 
1777; Ist maj. 1st Batt, rnniberlaud, Feb, 4, 1777; lieut.-col. dalo, 
June 0,1777. 

MaJoT-i. 

Joseph Broomfieid, maj. ; also judge advocate, Northeru army. 
Timothy Elmer, capt. 1st Batt-, Cumberland, Oct. 3, 1770; m.ij. Col. 

Euo3 Seeley's Batt., State troops, Feb. 1, 1777 ; 1st maj. Ist Biitt., 

Cumberland. 
Thomas Evviiig, Isl maj. 2d Batt., Cumberland, Nov. 26, 1777. 
K/.eUiel Fester, c.ipt. 1st Batt., Cumberland; 2,1 m.ij. ditto Feb. 4, 1777 ; 

res. June In, 1770. 
Kichard ILnvall, capt. 21 Batt., Firat Estallisliment, Nov. 29, 177.5; 

brigade maj., Sept. 4, 177.5 ; maj. 2d Batt , Second IJ^Libli-hment, 

Nov. 2S, 1770 ; Liaj. 2d Kegt. ; res. April 7, 1770. 
Jorm^n Ueuben, Ist maj. Col. Enos Seeley 's Batt., State troops. 
Kphraim Summcs, 1st lieut. Capt. Ogden's company, Col. Enos Seeley's 

Batt., St lie troops; adjt. ditto; capt. 1st Batt., Cumberland; id 

m.j. dilto. Clct. 0, 1779. 
iJaDiel M.iskell, capt. " Minute-tnen" ; capt. 2d Batt^ Cuml,s;rland ; 2d 

maj. ditto, Nov. 20, 1777. 
I>erick Peterson, 1st maj. 1st Batt., Cumberland, June 0, 1777. 
Robert Patterson, brig.-nii-j., s'aff Brig.-Gen. Newcomb. 
•••'hn Smith, brig.-mij., otaff Brig.-Geu. Newcomb. 
l-idis Walling, ca; t. 2d B.itt., Cumberland ; "d raai, Col. Enos Seeley's 

B.ilt , State triKjps. 

AdjulfiHta. 

liicharj Caruti.ers, ajjt- 2 1 B..tt., vumb-jrland ; a.ijt. Col. Potter's Ret;t., 
fclate troopH. 



Eli Elmer, 2d lieut. " Western company art , 

Cumberland and Cape May. 
James Ewing, p.iyniaster militia; also capt. Pecrfield's militia. 
William Kelsey, paymaster, Cumberl.ind. (See also Captains.) 

Thomas K« iiig, surgeon's mate Col. Newcomb's B.att., Heard's brigade ; 

surgeon ditto, June 19, 1776. 
Ebenezer Elmer, ensign Capt. BloomfielJ's company, 3d Batt., First Es. 

tablishment, Feb. 9, 1770; 2d lieut. ditto, .\pril 9. 1776 ; surgeon's 

mate 3d Biitt., Second Establishment, Nov. 2S, 1776; trans, to 2d 

Batt., ditto ; surgeon 2d Batt . Second Estiblisliment, July 5, 1778 ; 

surgeon 2d Regt. Sept. 26, 17S0 ; disch. at the close of the war. 
John Himpton, surgeon Col. Enos Seeley's Batt. 
I8.i.ac Harris, surgeon Gen. Newcoiiib's brigi le. 
Lewis Howell, surgeon, 2d Batt., Second Establishment, Nov. 23, 1776 ; 

res. July 5, 177S. 

S„rgcrms- Male,. 
Moses G. Elmer, surgeon's mate 2J Batt , Second Establishment, Aug. 

2S, 177S; surgeon's mate 2d Begt., September, 17S0; disch. at the 

close of the vv.ir. 
Robert Patterson, surgeon's mate Col. Newcomb's Batt., "Heard's bri- 

g.ide," July. s, 1770. 

Chnplain. 
Andrew Hunter, cb.iplain 3d Batt., Second Establishment, June 1,1777; 

clmr'iia to G ■'. Miswell's brigadj June 1.5, 1777; chapliiu 3d 

Regt. and Brigade Sept. 26, 17S0 ; taken prisoner ; disch. at the close 

of tlie war ; also chaplain militia. 

CaplaiTK. 
Charles Allen, capt., Cumlierland; capt. Maj. Hayes' Batt., State troops. 

(See Naval Service.) 
John Barker, cnpt.2J Batt., Cumberland. 
Junathau Beesley. 1st lieut. Capt. Wliiblin's company, State troops. Pec. 

2.5, 1776; capt. 1st Batt , Cumberland : wounded and taken prisoner 

near lladdoiifield, N. J.; died in the hands of the enemy June. 1773. 
Jeremiah Eennet, capt., Cumberlaud; capt. Col. Enos Seeley's Ritt.. 

Slate troops. 
John Bowers, lieut. Capt. David Pearson's company, Ifit Batt., Cumber- 
land ; capt. ditto. 
John Daniels, cipt. Ut Batt., Cumberland, Sept. 15, 1777. 
Elijah Davis, ensign Capt. Ogden's company. Col. Eiioa Seeley's Batt., 

Slate troops; capt. 1st Batt., Cumberland. 
Joseph D.«yton, capt. comjiany of artillery militia. 
Joshua Ewing, li(nt.2d B.itt., Cumberland ; capt. ditto. 
Joel Fithian, capt , Cumberland; capt. Col. Enos Seeley's Batt., State 

troo|is. 
William G.irri3on,2J lieut. Capt. Ogden's company, Col. Enos Seeley's 

Bait., State troops; capt. Ist Batt., Cumberland. 
William Cinord, 2d lieut. Capt. Blocmfield's company, 3d Batl., First 

Establislillient, Feb. 7, 1770 ; 1st lieut. ditto; cipt. Jd B.itt.. Second 

Eslablishinent, Nov. 29, 1770 ; capt. 3J Regt. ; prisoner of war Jan. 

31), 17.5IJ; resigned. 
Job 01.13-by, ensign Capt. Peterson's company, Gil. Enos Seeley'a Batt. 

State troo[.s, Jan. 31,1777; capt. 1st Bilt., Cnmbeiland. 
J.ames Holling-head, capt. Ut Batt., Cnmbei land, Feb. 4, 1777. 
William Kelsey, rapt., Cumberland. (See also Paymaster.) 
John Kerr, 1st lieut., Cumberl.ind; capt. ditto; capt. State troop". 
William L..we, 1st lieut. Capt. Page's company, Col. Euos Seeley's Batt., 

St.ite troop3; capt. Ut B.itt., Cumberlaud. 
Janie3 McGee, capt., Cumberland. 

George McGlauglilin, lieut. 1st Bitt., Cumberland ; capt. ditto ; died 
Jeremiah Mills, lieut. 'id Batt., Cuiulierlaud ; c i|it. .!ino. 
Aziiriah Moore, 1st lieUt. Capt. Piatt's company, 2d Batt., Cumberland, 

Nov. 3, 1777; capt. ditto. 
Andrew Newcomb, capt , Cumberland. 



mSTOllV OF GLOrCKSTEK, SALEM, AND CUMBERLAND COUNTIES. 



Dajton Neucoml', 2.1 \ic\it. Oipt. 1'm.-c'» oompuny. Col. f:ii<.s Sfdey's 

Hntt., SInti'tMM's: lii'"'- '*' Hitt., riinil.crhili.l ; CAf.l. diilo. 
JanieaOg.l.'li, lapt. l.-t ll.itt , CiMii|...rliin.1, Fob. 'JG, 17.-1. 
Davi,U'«ge, c.ipt., CnniU-rhina; capt. ful. Enos Soi-l^j's lUU., Suite 

tr.i..ps, J»u. ;il,i:TT. 
Aziel riorsoM. ciipt. id Batt., Cuml.trhiii.l. 
Cavi.l Pi.-reiMi, 1st lient. Capl. EhmTS c.'iupany, 1st liitt , Cmnberlanil, 

Oct. 6, 1770; 1st lieut. Onpt. Klwi-ll's .•Mmp.iiiy. Cd. Kiii.s ^otU-j a 

Bait., Stiite lioops, J.iii.31. 1777; c;.pt. ditto; capt. Ist llatt., Cnui- 

l.erlnnd, July 1,17SU. 
John Petcrsoti, capt. l.st Batt., Cumbei lan.l; capt. Col. Eiios Seeley's 

Bntt., State truops.Jan. 31. 1777. 
John IVtel^on, capt. 2.1 B itt., CuniberlanJ. 
David Piatt, capt 2.1 Batt., Ciiniberlanil. 
Levi Prostun, capt. l.st Batt., Slay 3, 1779. 
Jeremiah S.iyie, capt., Cumbeiianii ; capt. CuL Euos Seeley's Batt., Stale 

tio.ilB. 
Jonidab Shepherd, 1st lieut. Capt. Pace's company. Col. Enos Seeley's 

Batt., State tro..ps, J.an. al, 1777 : capt. 1st Batt., Cumberland. 
Jonathan Smith, capt. 1st Batt., Cumbei land. 
Tilomas- Smith, li.'ut id Batt,, Cumberland: capt. 1st Patt, ditto. 
Kobert Taylor, capt. 1st Batt , Cumberland, Feb. 1, 1777. 
Benijah Tbon.pson, dpi. 1st B.itt., Salem; Capt. Euos Seeley's Batt. 

State triKjps. 
Lawrence Van Hook, 1st lieut. Capt. lloUinsshead's company 1st Batt. 

Cumberlnud, Veb. 4, 1777; cajit. ditto; capt. State troops. 
John Westcott, 1st lieut. Capt. Samuel Hn(.'g's Western company Art.. 

Stat.> troops, March 1, 17715; capt.-lieut. ditto; capt. ditto. 
Samuel Weslcott, capt. 1st Batt , Cumberland ; res. May 3, 1779. 
J. Wheaton, capt. 2d Batt., Cumberland. 
Seth Whiblen, capt. 1st Batt., Cumberland; capt. Col. Someirs' Batt. 

State troops, Dec. 2,5, 1776. 
Amos Wwidruff, capt., Cumberland. 

Ctptain'Lienteimn(s. 

Seth i;ov.>n, J.l Iient, Capt. n,.u...|r.s cmpaiiy, ■:d Bait., 1st Establisli- 
ment, Xov. 29, 1775 ; 1st lient. Capt. Yard's company, 2J Batt., 2.1 
Establishment. Nov. '.i9, 177C ; 1st lieut. Capt. Lawries company 
ditto, Feb. 5, 1777; decline.l ; also capt.-lieut niihtia. 

Seth Bowcn, 1st lieut. Capt. Samuel Iln.gg's Western company Art., 
State trooiis; capt.-lieut. ditto: res.; Ist lieut. arn.y ; also q.m. in 
Q.M.-Gen. Ptpt. 

Joseph Buck, scrgt. 2J Batt , 2d Esliiblisliment; ensign 2.1 Regt., Feb. 
1, 1779; lieut. ditto, Jan. 1, 17S1 ; disch. at the close of the war; 
capt. by brevet. 

James Ewing, lient. 2d Batt., Cumberland. 

Ephraim Foster, emsign Capt Ogden's company. Col. Enos Seeley's Batt. 
State troops, Jan. 31, 1777 ; lient. 1st B.itt., C.nnberland. 

James Giles, aJjt. art. Contin.-Utal army ; lieut. ditto. 

Benjamin Keen, lieut. Capt. Platfs company, 2d Eatt., Cumberland, 
June 4, 17.53. 

Norton Ln.llani, lieut., Cumberland, June 9, 1781. 

David Moore, lient. Western company of .Art. 

David Muiford, lieut. 2d Batt.. Cumberland; kille.l Xov. 25, 1777. 

I8.anc Mnlford, lieut., Cumberland; lieut. Capt, Fithian's coiupany. Col. 
Enos Seeley's Batt., State troops. 

Alexander Orr, lieut., Cumberland. 

William Peterson, lieut. Capt. MiGlaughlin's company, 1st Batt., Cum- 
berland, Jan. 17, 17»0. 

Nathan Sheppard, lieut. 1st Batt., Cumberland. 

tiamuel shute, ensign Capt. Dillon's company, 2d Batt., Isl Eatablish- 
nienl, Aug. 20, 1776; ensign Capt. Sliute's company, 2d Batt., •2d 
Establishuieut, Xov. 29, 177G; ensign Capt. Cummings' company, 
ditto, Feb. .5. 1777; 2d lient. ilitt... .Tan. 1. 1778 ; ensign 2d Kept.; 
lieut. ditto, April 8, 17si;; di.sch. at the clo-e of the war; capt. by 
brevet. 

Samuel Seeley, 2il lieut. Ist Batt., 'id Establishment, Oct. 4, 1777; 1-t 
lieut. ditto, March 11, 1780; ensign 1st Regt.; lieut. ditto, March 
11, 1780; disch. at the clo.se of the war; capt. by brevet. 

EllaB Smith, lieut. 1st Batt., Cumberland. 

Edmund l>. Thomas, private Capt. BLjomfield's company, 3d Batt., Ist 
Establishment; cadet ditto; ensign Capt. Dickerson's company, 
ditto, July I'J, 1770; ensign Capt. Dickerson's company 3d Batt., 21 
Eetatlishment, Nov. 29, 1770; Ist lient. ditto, Xov. 11,1777; lieut. 
3d Kegt.; capt. by brevet; disch. at the close of the war. 

Tllomas White, ar, lieut. 1st Batt., I.nmberlaii.l, Oct. 12, 17S2. 



Fi'H /.iru/emiits. 

John Bishop, 1st lient. Capt. Philfs c.unpani, 2d B.itt., Cumberland. 

Thomas Brown, 1st lieut, Capt. A/el IViisons comi.aiiy, 2d Batt., Cum- 
berhmd. 

Gideon Riton, 1st lieut. Capt. Peterson's compiny, Ist Bait., Cumber- 
land, Jan. 31. 1777. 

Jam.s Howell, 1st lient , Cumberland ; Ist lieut. Capt. Sayer'a companj, 
Col. Enos Seeley's Batt-, State triKipa. 

William Xorcr.'SS, ensign Capt Bloomfield's company. 3.1 Bait.. 1st Ks. 
tablishment; q m. ditt... Feb. l.i, 1770; 2d li.-ut. Ca].t. Moll's com- 
pany, 3d Batt,, 2.1 Estiblishment, Nov, 29, 1776; 1st lient. ditto; re- 
tired Sept. 20, 1780. 

Daniel Iteed, 1st lieut. Capt. Davi.l Pierson's ompany, Col. Euos See- 
ley's Batt., State tn.ops, Jan. ;:l, 1777. 

Josiah Seeley. 1st lieut. Capt. Blo..mfield'3 com]iany. ,3.1 B.itt., lat Estab- 
lishment, Feb. 0, 177G; res. Fob. 24, 1770. 

James Tomlinson, 1st lieut., Cumberland ; 1st lieut. Capt. Bonnet's com- 
pany, Col. Enos Seeley's Batt , State troops. 

^econil LieulenaiitK. 
William Biggs, 2d lieut. Capt. Piatt's company, 2d Batt., Cumberlan.l. 
John Burgin, '2.1 lient. Capt. Piatt's company, 2d Batt., Cumberland. 

Xov. 3. 1777. 
J..b Davis, 2.1 lient. Capt. Whildens company. Col. Soniers" Batt , Sbate 

troops, Dec. 2.5, 1770. 
Eli Elmer, 2d lieut. Western company of An. 
Amariah Harris, 2d lieut., Cumberland : 2.1 lieut. Capt. .-layer's company. 

Col. Enos Seel,>y's Batt., State troops. 
Thomas Heaton, 2d lieut. Capt. John Peterson's company. Col. £n..s 

Seeley's Batt., State troops, Jan. 31, 1777. 
Elkanah Powell, 2d lient. Capt. Elmers company, 1st Batt.. Cumberland- 
Oct. 5, 1770 ; -2.1 lieut. Stale troops. 
Daniel Ee.id, 2.1 lieut Capt. Peterson's company, Ist B.itl., Cnmberlaod. 

Jan. 31, 1777. 
Elias Smyth. 2d lieut. Capt. Ehvell's company, Col. Enos Seeley's Bait., 

Slate troops, Jan. 31, 1777. 
Adam Terril, 2.1 lieut. Capt. Samuel Ogden's compauy, Col. Enos Seeley'r 

Batt., Jan. 31, 1777. 
Isaac Wheaton. 2.1 lieut. Capt. Azel Peirs-jn's company, 2d Batt., Cum- 

br-rlan.l. 

Almorin Brooks, sergt. 2d Batt., 2d Establishment, June 9, 1777 ; ensign 
ditto, .In ne 17, 1780; ensign 2.1 Regt.; .lisch. at the close of the war 

David Dare, sergt. Capt. Bloomfield's company, 3d Batt., 1st Establish- 
ment, Feb. 7, 1770; ensign Capt. Gordon's company, 3d Batt., 2.1 
Establishment, Xov. 29, 1776 ; retired Sept. 26, 1780. 

Maskell Ewing, Jr , ensign, Cumberland; eusign Capt. Bennet's com- 
pany, Col. Enos Seeley's Batt., State troops. 

Glover Fithian, ensign Capt. Longstreet's company, 1st Batt., 2<1 Eslab- 
lishment, Nov. 29, 1770: retired Sept. 26, 1780. 

Jonathan Fithian, ensign. Cumberland. June 9, 1781. 

Jonathan Hand, ensign, Cumberlan.l. 

James Harris, ensign Capt. Elmer's company, 1st Batt., Cumberlan.l, 
Oct. 5, I77C ; en-ign State troops. 

Cbarb-s Howell, ensign Cumberland; ensign Cant. Sayer's company. 
Col. Enos Seeley's Batt , St.ite troops. 

James Johnson, s.-rgt. Capt. Howell's company, 2J Batt., 1st Estab. 
lishment; ensign Capt. Dillon's company, 2d Batt., 2.1 Establish- 
ment, Feb. 5, 1777; res. November, 1777. 

Israel Miller, ensign Capt, Azel Peirs<.n's company, 2d Batt., Cumber- 
laud, June, 1780. 

William Miller, ensign Capt. Piatt's company, 2d Batt., Cumberland. 

Samuel Neglee, ensign Continental army. 

Jedediah Ogden, ensign Capt. Ehvell's company. Col Euoe Seeley's Ball., 
State troops, Jan. 31, 1777. 

Steplien Pierson, ensign Capt. Whihlen's company, Col. Somers' Bait., 
State tro.jps, Dec. 25, 1776. 

Reuben P.. well, ensign Capt. David Pierson's Company, 1st Batt., Curn- 
berlaii.l, April 7, 1783. 

John Reeve=, Corp. Capt. Bl.jomlield's company, .3.1 Batt., Ist Establish- 
ment ;BergL ditto; ensign! apt. Shaw's company, 2d Batt., 2d Estali- 
lishment, Nov. 29, 1776; retired Feb. 5, 1777 

Fnrman Shepherd, private, Cnmberlani ; en-ign.litt... 

ivter Van Ib.rn, Jr.. ensign, Cnmberlani ; ensign C.»pt. Pages comp.my. 
Col. EiujB Seeley's Ball., Slate troops. 

John Worthington, ensign, Cumberland; ensign Capt Jo-1 Fithian's 
company, C.d. Enos Seeley's Catl., State troops. 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



51 



Knos Wo-xlruff, Jr., ensign 2J Ritt., CuraWrlnnd, Ai'ril 7, ns.1. 
J,.h,n WorlhiuKtun, onsi-n Cupt. Azcl Ptii-son's company, i.l Ritl., Cum- 
lirrlund; conimisaion canceled by removal from counly. 

QtMrttrmastev-SfTgeiiHt 
iif'.t^c Evvinj:, ?eri:t., Cumberland : q-m--peri;t. C;ipt. AIUmi'h company, 
.■ilate tr.wps. (See B.jatuieu.1 



David Davis, C.ipt. Pav 

C.Milinonlal .irjny. 
Klijal. Davis, Capl. Havi 
James Pillap (Indian i. 



1st Halt,; alaj Stale troops; al* 



■id Uall.; also State troops; also Continental 



TiK 



a- Kr 



ckso. 



] commissary serRt. 

, 3d Regt ; also sergt. 1st 



Serge'iuts. 
Matllievv l-arvin, sergt. M Kegt. Artiller 
James Dnrdi, sergt. Capt. Anderson's coi 

Kept., Continental army. 
.Vamnel Dowdney, Corp. Capt. MitrhelCs company, 1st Kegt. ; sergt. 3d 

Kegt., Continental army. 
Thomas Gibson, sergt. Capt. Phillips' company, -2,1 Regt, Continental 

army. 
John Miller, sergt. Capt. Anderson's company, M Regt., Continental 



niiany, ;;d Reg' 
company, Stat 



sergt. 1st Kegt., 



Janies Riley, sergt. Capt. Anderson'scu 

Continental army. 
Xathan Shepliard, sergt. Capt. Allen'; 
George Taj lor, sergt. militia. 

Co.porah. 
Joel G.arrison, corp. Capt. HloomSeld's company, Continental army. 
John Jones, corp. Capt. Bloonil'ield's company. Continental army. 
Reuben Mickle, Corp. Capt. D'Hart's company, 1st Kegt., Continental 



, George Kwing. militia; also Capt. .^lien's compjiny. Stale troops. 

; Frederick Fanver,mililia: also Continental army. 

i Henry Feast er. 

i Aaron Fithian, Col. Xewcomb's D.att., State troops; died Nov. 16, 1776. 

1 George Fitliian, id Bait.; also State troops; also Continental army. 

I Thom.as Flowers, Sr., Continental army. 

David Gan.ly, militia; al^o State troops. 

John Garrison, Capt. Peterson's company, Jil Uatt. 

J.-elih Garrison, drummer, Continental army. 

John Gibbon, Continental army. 

Joseph Goff. Luke Ilackett. 

William Haines, Continental army. 
' Daniel Harris. John Harris, Ist Bait. 

J Tliomas Harris, 2d Batt.; wounded near Timber Creek. Xov. 25, 177T. 
: Henry Hensminger, 2d Ball.; also Slate troops; also Continental army. 
i William Holmes llniiian'!, 2d Rati.: also State tr«ps; also Continental 



Thomas I'aiker, corp. Capt. Blo.imfield's 
Silas Shf-piiard, Corp. Cai't. .Mien's compii 
Carrol Whitekar, corp. Capt. Bloomfleld's 



.Contine 
i troops. 



ital I 



Joseph Bennett, bombardier, 2J Regt. Artillery, Continental army. 
Joshua Reeves, bombardier, Capt. Peter Mills' conipany of Artific 
Continenlal army. 

Wagontr^. 
John Bower, wagoner, Capt. Daniels' company, 1st B.att. 
.Amariah Harris, wagoner, Capt. Preston's company, Ist Batt. 

PriruieJ. 
Z.ichariah Allen. 

Noah Ayers, militia; also Capt. Allen's company, State tro...p>. 
William Raker, militia; aUo Continental army. 
George Barnet, n.ilitin ; also Capt. .\IIen's company. State trool's. 
Daniel Batemau, Continental army. 



James B. Hunt, Continental army. 

Kphratm Rusted, C.tpt. Keen's company, State troops: also boatmi 

Hosea Husted, Continental army. 

Reuben Husted, militia: also Continental army. 

Isaac Johnson, militia; also Continental army. 

Abiel .Fones, militia; also Capt. Allen's company. State troops. 

Daniel Jones, Capt. Samuel Ogden's company, Isf Batt. 

Nicholas Kerr. 

Joseph Jones, Continent.O army. 

Peter Keni|don. Samuel I.ard. 

Robert Levick, Continental army. 

Zenns Loder, militia ; also Continental army. 

Joseph Lummis, Capt. Allen's Company, State troops : also boatm 

John Lupton, 2d Batt. ; also Slate troops; also Continental army. 

Thomas Magee, 2d Batt. ; also Slate troops; also Continental arm 

William Martin. 

Samuel Massey, Capt. Preston's company, Ist Batt. : also Contii 



omi'any, Stale troops. 



Mo 



i Bate: 



jany ; also State troops ; als^i Con- 
npany; also Continental army. 

company. State troops ; also 
so State troops; also Conti- 



Moses Bateman, Capt. Pearson's c 

tinental army. 
William Bateman, Capt. Preston'i 
Benjamin Bates. 
Tliomas Bereman, militia; also Capt. Allc 

Continental aiciy. 
Sealey Brew, Capt. Garrison's company 

nental army. 
Daniel Bowen, Capt. .\llen's company. Stale troops. 
Jose|.h B.jweii, 2d Ball.; also .State troops; also Continental army. 
John Boyd, 2d Ball.; also State troops; also Continental army. 
John Brooks, Oil Batt.; also State troop» ; also Continental army. 
Timothy Brooks, militia; also Capt. Allen's company. Slate troops. 
Jeremiah Buck, militia; also Capt. Keen's company. State troops; also 

Ujatman. 
John Ballock, militia; also Capt. Keen's company. State troops. 

Peter Burnej , Continental a.niy. 
J.hn Bnrrows, Continental army. 
J osi pli Campbell. David Carle. 

David C'aill, Capt. Allen's company. State troops. 

L.JUdon Carll, Capt. Allen's company. State troops. 

Azari.ab Casio tor Castro), Capt. Garrison's company, 1st Hatt.; also Stale 
triKjps; also OjntiuenU! army. 

DaviiJ Canto, Capt. Garriiin's company, 1st Batt.; also State troops; also 
Continental army. 

Anibr.jse Cl.irk. Henry CoDgleton. 

B.njemin C.:,onor. Benjamin Cozier. 

M.ilili Darby. 

A'.ieha Davis, Capt. James Eiving's company of Deerfleld militia. 

Anion D.vis, Capt, James Kwicg's company of lieei field militia. 



Abraham SIcCarty, Continental array. 

Archibald McClaio, militia; also Capt. Keen's 

William 5Iiller. 

John Mills, militia; also Continental army. 
1 James Monks, militia; also Capt. Keen's compiny, State troops. 
' Thomas Moran, 2.1 Ball. ; also State troops ; also Ctintineutal army. 

.^zariah Moore, Continentil army. 

John Moore, militia; also Continenbal army. 

Jonathan Mulford, Continental army. 
: John Nevil, militia; also Capt. Keen's company. State troojis. 

Reuben Xewcomb, 2d Batt.; wounded Dec. 2S. 1776; also Continental 

\ John Ogden, Continental army. 

' Ambrose Page, militia; also Capt. Allen's company, State troops. 

1 .John Parsons, 2d Ball. ; also State troops ; also Continental army. 

Benjamin Parvin, militia; also Continental army. 

Jeflry Parrin, Capt. Allen's Cump.iny, State troops; also b.iatman. 

Benjamin Peachy, Capt. Davis' company, Ist Bill.; also Continental 

1 Abijali Preston, Capt. Allen's company. State troops; also boatman. 

i Isaac Preston, militia; als... Capt. Allen's company. State troops; also 

I boatman. 

.\dam Prouse. 
I Josiah Bay, militia; also Capt. Keen's company, State troo[is. 
I Joseph Reeves, Continental army. 
! Thomas Beeves, Capt. M.askell's company, 2d Batt. 
' James Riggins, Continental army. 
I Daniel Biley, Capt. Allen's company, Slate troops. 
I Jseeph Riley, 2d Batt.; als-j State troops; also Continental army. 
I Abraham Sayre, Capt. James Ewing's company, Deerfield militia. 
] Abner Shophard, Continental army. 

Pet-r Sliephard, Continental army. 

Philip Shimp, Continental army. 
, Eno-.'h Shule, militia; also Capt. Keen's company. State troops. 

Henry Spenre, Capt. Davis' company, lit Dm.; also Cji.tinenlal army. 

Daniel Stacks, 2d Bait. ; als.j Slate trooiis ; also Continental army. 



HISTORY OF GLOUCESTER, SALEM, AND CUMBERLAND COUNTIES. 



Richard Sweden, 2J Biitl.: nlso Sinte troops ; also Continental nmiy. 

Jo;.»li Tern, CiMit. Garriam'a conipiiiiy, lat Butt. 

Josiah Terry, militia; also Capt. Kccu'e company, Stale troops; liilled 

April, lTf-2. 
Jerenili.li T..w3.>r. 

Jonas Van Anian, Continental army. 
William Vaneman. John Welch. 

Stephen Wey, militia ; nlso Capt. Allen's company, State troopa. 
Elnathan Whitaker, 2d Batt. ; also State troops; also Continental 

army. 
John Wood, Continental army. 
David WiKXIinfr, militia; also Capt. Allon'a 
Jesse Woc'druff. 



upaoy, State troo[«. 



Jonathan Wo. 


Iriifr, C.i 


tinent.il 

Erpr 
Ben 

Nar 


CS! nUcr. 
jui Dare. 

1 &r,ice. 






Charles Allen 


capr.ar 


jied boat 


" Gibrall« 


r;" also capt. comm 


.ndins 


boatmen c 


n fronli. 


ra of On 


qiberland 


and Cape May; als 


1 capt. 


militia. 












Kichols Keen, 


capt. am 


ed heat 


Friend^l 


ip;" aKo capt. comm 


UKling 



of Cumberland and Cape Ma 



Boatmen on Vie Fronliert of OimlHrlaiid and C^pe J/ny ; aJso illiWiV 

Jeremiah Buck Jeffrey Parvin. 

Israel D.Tid. .Vbrahani Pliilpot. 

George Evving. Abijah Preston. 

Ephn.im llusted. Isaac Preston. 

Joseph Lunimis. James Simpson. 
David Parvin. 



CHAPTER XI. 

WAR OF 1S12 AND MEXICAN WAR. 

In the secoud war with Great Britain, coninionly 
known as the war of 1812, Soutliern New Jersey was 
not the theatre of active military operations, tlioush 
the State bore her full share with other portions of 
the Union in furnishing men and means for the com- 
mon defense. As in the war of the Revolution, her 
coast on the Delaware River was vulnerable, but the 
enemy did not, a.s in that case, undertake any im- 
portant operations there. Elmer says : ' 

"During the war with Great Britain, in 1814, a 
brigade of the militia of South Jersey was drafted, 
and encamped at Billingsport, fur the defense of 
Philadelphia, under the command of Gen. Ebenezer 
Elmer, then the brigadier-general of the Cumberland 
brigade. During the summer of that year the 'Poi- 
tiers,' an English ship of the line, under the com- 
mand of Sir John Beresford, lying in Delaware Bay, 
succeeded in breaking up the navigation as high up 
as the Cohanscy. No serious engagement, liowever, 
took place between the hostile forces. 

"The inliabitants of Bridget. m ^utlored a terrible 
fright, which, alarming enough at first, in the end 
partook more of the ludicrous than the serious. To 
prevent boats from the enemy's ship coming up the 
river in the night and |.iluiidcring the town, a nightly 



guard was detailed and [losted at a point on the river 
two or three miles from the town, but more than twice 
that distance by water. All the vessels and boats 
passing thegiiard-house during the night were hailed 
and required to give an account of themselves. If an 
enemy appeared a messenger was to be sent to a pru- 
dent officer at the town, who was intrusted with the 
duty, if needful, of giving the alarm by firing a can- 
non and ringing the court-house bell, that being then 
the only bell in the place. About two o'clock of a 
midsummer night the gun was tired and the bell rang 
with great animation. The scene that ensued may 
be imagined but cannot be described, and great was 
the consternation. No on£ doubted that an enemy 
was close at hand. One or two persons threw their 
silver down the well. The militia, except some who, 
as usual, were among the missing, were assembled, 
and an attempt made to organize them for action. 
Happily, however, their prowess was not tested. The 
alarm, althoush not sounded till all doubt of its ne- 
cessity seemed to be removed, turned out to be a false 
one, originating in the fright of a fimily near the 
guard-house, the head of which was absent, and in 
the foolhardine.ss of the skipper of a small sloop, who 
took it into his head to pass the guard without an- 
swering their challenge, and whu succeeded in bring- 
ing on himself and his crew a volley of mu.sketry, and 
running the risk of being killed by a ball which 
passed directly over his head." 

An expedition fitted out from Billingsport, during 
the encampment of the troops there, against a British 
tender, which had frequently been seen in the bay, 
was the subject of much merriment among these sol- 
diers. A schooner was manned with forty or fii'ty raw 
landsmen, and a sea-captain in the dragoons was se- 
lected as commander, with instructions to drive aw.ty 
the saucy tender. When the schooner reache.i the 
bay the rough weather drove all the men, except the 
captain and two or three other initiated sailors, 
beneath the hatches, where they soon became too sick 
to return. With the crew in this condition the captain 
sighted the tender, and with genuine Yankee au- 
dacitv gave chase. The tender crowded canvas and 
put to sea, though she could easily have taken the 
schooner. 

At the annual meefiiiL's of tlie board ol' freeholders 
in the county of Salem, in .May. 181:) and 1814, it 
was resolved : 

" WHi-KK.(.'i, there is at this liiiieaoNio apprehension uf an iniasioi. 



lycle.ki 



I Katly S.til,. 



, p. 70. 



Mexican War.— In the oilii. 
gener;il in Tremi.in are fi)iiiid t 
of volunteers in the 
County : 



if the adjutant- 
following nai.je^ 
Me.>:iean war, all from .Salem 



from th 


r.iitish 


therefore it is ordered, by this t«>anl 


that the clerk of 


the con 
nertha 


ily of S 
Ihespe 


ileni to arrange the ]>apers in his olh 
edy removal of them can he enecte.;, 


e in such a man- 
in ciuseof Kerioua 


apprehe 
to the s 
un.ler 1 


.rr..aate 


an invrtaion from the enemy. .\nU 
of the county to take like measure 
e, and that th.- cUrk of tliis bn;.rd se 


t is recomm.n.led 
will, the pipers 
rveacopyofrni,. 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



53 



C.IMPAM E, mill RkGIMKNT, I'. S, IMAMRV. 

jctM- C. 5I.wrf, eiil. July J 1. ISJT ; .liscli Au-. ■12. IS-IS. 
E<l»nnl Kyon. en). Mi-, l'^, ls-17 ; disai Am; 21. ISIS. 

Company II, 10th RroniF.NT, D. S. Intantrv. 
Willi. m llacon, enl. M.iy 11, IS47; disch. Aug. H, ISIS. 
Jaiii'M Iii'»l, fill. May HI, 1S17 ; di^oh. Auj. ;;4, 1S4«. 
Cli«rlrs Emory, enl. May IJ, 1S47 ; discli. Aug. 24, 1S4S. 
James W. MailKw, enl. July Irt. 1S47: discli. Aug. 24, 1S4S. 
tkinmel F. Tre^.hv.iy, enl. M.iy U. 1S47 ; di.^cli Aug. 24, 1S4S. 
Lemuel VRheiii.in, enl. .May II, 1S47 ; diM-li. Anif. 24, 1S4S. 
Joseph Smith, enl. June 2n. I,<47; disch. July S, 1.S4S. 



CHAPTER XII. 

(il.Ol'CESTER. SAI.E.M. .AND rU.MBKUL.^XD COINTIE.-^ 
IN THE \V.\U OF THE RKDELEIOX. 

Kegimental Histories and Eosters.'— The part 
taken by the comities of Gloucester, Sulein, and 
Cumberland in the war of lS61-().5, for tlie suppres- 
sion of the Rebellion and the preservation of the 
Union, was, like that of the other counties in the 
State, highly creditable to the patriotism of the in- 
habitants. On the receipt of the intelligence of the 
attack on Fort Sumter, in April, 1S61, there were in 
these counties the same outbursts of patriotism, the 
^ame demoiistr:;tiuiis of loyalty to the Union, the 
same patriotic meetings, the same eagerness of young 
men to volunteer, and the same readiness of others 
to encourage and aid them in doing so, as were found 
everywhere in the other counties of the patriotic State 
of New Jersey. And when the Union armies melted 
away in the heat of battle, and call after call was 
made for men to take tlie place of those who had 
fallen, there was shown here the same determination 
to stand by the government at whatever cost; and 
the people and the local authorities, with the same 
alacrity, voted the sums of money which were called 
for to accomplish the desired end. 

From the time when the first call for men was made 
till the time when the death of the great Rebellion 
made further calls unnecessary, the people of these 
counties responded to each appeal with a patriotic 
devotion not e.Kcelled in any part of the State or of 
the Union. The names of tliese soldiers are found 
on the rolls of a large number of regiments of this 
and other States, and such regiments as were most 



1 State or New Jf.r.sEt, 
OiTicE nr Adjitant-Ge.vekal, 

Trento.t, Nov. 22, l^f2. 
I desire lo htiite, for the informalioii of all iulere.-ted in tlie sul.ject, 
Uial the roster of men credited to the c.umlles of Gloucester, Salem, 
and Cumheilaud, N. J., in the tivil war (IjCl-Oi) has been taken from 
the rocor.li of tliis oiricc by Dr. Tlioinas Cu=liing, and I believe fiom the 
amount of care and patient labor whicli he has bestowed u!»jn it that it 
will be found to be correct. I only refrain from certitvii.i' to its entire 
correctness by the simple fact that tlie wo.k was not don'j by my own 
aBsistants, and so I am not called upon to make it official. 

William S. Stuyrek, 
AdJulai.l-aeiLfr.il oj .Vric J..,Ky. 



noticeable for the number of Gloucester, Salem, and 
Cumberland County men who served in their ranks 
are especially mentioned in the following pages, in 
historical bkiichcs of their organization and services 
in the great war for the I'niuii. 

Altliough those who took their lives in their hands, 
and went forth to encounter the stern realities of grim- 
visaged war in defense of Che institutions under which 
they had been ]irosperous and happy, to breathe the 
pestilential miasms of Southern swamps, to languish 
in sickness in distant hospitals, " with no hand of 
kindred to smooth their lone pillows," to pour out 
their blood and yield up their lives on battle-fields, 
and to fill lonely graves, far from their homes, or to 
return, battle-scarred and shattered in health, are 
worthy of all the gratitude and honor that their 
countrymen have lavished on them, it must not be for- 
gotten that great sacrifices were made by others. The 
heroic fortitude with which parents, sisters, wives, and 
! children bade adieu to their loved ones who thus 
I went forth, and the patriotic zeal with which all 
j labored for the comfort of those in the field should 
I ever be remembered, and in these respects the people 
of Southern New .lersey were not excelled by those 
I of any other region. 

i Three Months' Troops.— On the 17th of April. 
! 1S62, Gnvernur Olden issued a proclamation calling 
for the quota of New Jersey under the first call for 
seventy-five thousand troops to serve three months. 
This quota was four regiments, aggregating three 
thousand one hundred and twenty-three men. Such 
was the alacrity with which the people responded to 
this call that the quota was filled and the regiments 
stood ready to march on the 30th of the same month. 
These regiments, which included a just proportion 
of representatives from Gloucester, Salem, and Cum- 
berland Counties, were formed into a brigade, under 
the command of Brig.-Gen. Runyon. with Maj. Alex- 
ander V. Bonnel as brigade-inspector, and C'apt. 
James B. Mulligan as aide-de-camp. Such was the 
embarrassment of the government at that time that 
the .State was obliged to arm and equip these troops, 
and furnish the first supply of ammunition. 

They were sent to Washington via Annapolis, 
and the brigade was reported to Gen. Scott on the 
Gth of May. It went into camp at Meridian Hill, 
wliere it reniaiued till the 22d, when it was ordered 
to Alexandria. Here the troops remained for a time, 
engaged in fatigue duty. Just previous to the battle 
of Bull Run they were ordered forward, and they 
formed a portion of the reserve, whicli did not be- 
come engaged in that battle. During the stampede 
of the Union troops the regiments of the brigade did 
good service in arresting the flight of fugitives, and 
endeavoring to bring something like order out of the 
chaos tliat prevailed. 

Soon after this battle the term of service of these 
regiments exiiired, and on tlie 2-lth and 25th of July 
they were ordered to W;ishington, where they were 



54 



HISTOllY OF Gl.OUCESTEK, SALEM, AND CUMBERLAND COUNTIES. 



formally ciisch;ir;red, and (U'liartcd by rail for the 
State from ivhicli they went forth in the hour of the 
nation'^ sncUlen peril. 

First Brig-ade, First, Second, Third, and Fourth 
Regiments. — On tlie 17th of April. ISGl, Governor 
Olden i>siied a proelarnation eallinsr for troops to 
serve three nionth.s. Nearly ten thou--and men re- 
sponded to this call, of which number only four regi- 
ments could be accepted. Of the larcre number that 
remained, many, beincr anxious to enter the service, 
proceeded to New York, Philadelphia, and other 
points outside the limits of New Jersey, and enlisted 
in regiments of other States. Of the large number 
who enlisted in this manner — estimated by the ad- 
jutant-general at five thousand from the State — no 
record can be given. 

It was not long before it became apparent to the 
authorities at Washington that it would be necessary 
to call into the field a larger number of regiments, to 
be made up of men enlisted for a longer term of ser- 
vice, and the President issued a call for thirty-nine 
additional regiments of infantry, and one of cavalry, 
to be enlisted for three years or during the continu- 
ance of the war. LTnder this call the quota of New 
Jersey was fixed at three full regiments, and a requi- 
sition for these was received by Governor Olden on 
the 17th of Afay. No difticnlty was exi'erienced in 
furnishing them, for a sufficient number of com- 
panies had been already raised and organized, and 
were anxiously waiting to be mustered into the ser- 
vice. From these companies there were at once 
organized the First, Second, and Third Kegiments, 
which were mustered into tlie service of the United 
States for three years, being uniformed and furnished 
with camp and garrison equipage bj- the State of New 
Jersey, but armed by the general government. Such 
was the alacrity of the response to this call that Gov- 
ernor Olden was enabled to announce, on the day fol- 
lowing the receipt of the requisition, that the regi- 
ments were ready to be mustered into the service, and 
that twice as many more could be furnished, if neces- 
sary. The three regiments left Trenton on the 2Sth 
of June, and were reported to Gen. Scott, at "Wash- 
ington, on the following day. 

The Second Regiment was mustered under the fol- 
lowing field and staff officers : 

Colonel, Gevrge \V. McLean; Lieutenant-Colonel, Isaac M. Tucker; 
Major, Saii.uel L. Buck; Adjutant. Joseph W. Plume; Quiirter- 
niaster, William E. Sturges; Surgeon, Gabrh-I Grant : A^si^tant Sur- 
geon, Le.^i5 \V. Oakluyj Chaplain, KoLert E. ProuJfit. 

The Third Regiment was officered as follows: 

■ W. Brown : 31a- 



cl C. Harl.orl; Surceon, Ale.ian.ler 
n, .loseph M. Oal'.Tiie: rhaplain. No 



D.U. 



lonel, George W.Tajioi 
jor, Mark W. Collitt 



A.iju 

irt'eon, Lo 
Kilward L. Welling; Cl.apl; 



ant-Colonel, Henr; 
t, Robert T. Diinh 



A-5i»taut Sur- 



The field and stall' officers of the Fourth Regiment 
were : 

<:k)Ior.el, Jatnci H. Simpson: Lieutenant-Colonel, J. L. Kirl.y Smith; 
Major, Villiam li. Hatch; A.Jjut.iol, Tose|,li S. StcMldir.,ril ; Onar- 



The Fourth Regiment re;iched Wa.-hington on th,- 
•2K of August, and, with tiie First, Second, .uid 
Third, constituted the First Brigade of New Jei-rv 
Volunteers. 

Soon after their arrival in Washington, the Fir>t. 
Second, and Third Regiments were ordered acro~> 
the Potomac, and as>igned to duty in the New Jer- 
sey brigade, under command of (]ien. Runyon. A few 
days before the commencement of the first advance 
toward Mantissas, but after the movement had been 
determined on, the Third was ordered forward to per- 
form the duty of guarding and repairing the rtiilroad 
to Fairfiix Station, at which point the regiment was 
stationed as a part of the reserve force during the 
progress of the battle of RuU Run, therefore taking 
no part in that engagement, but doing good service, 
nevertheless, in rallying fugitives from the field, and 
helping to restore something like order among a part, 
at least, of the flying and panic-stricken troops that 
were pressing on in disorder and rout towards Wash- 
ington in the evening of that disastrous day, the 21st 
of July. Immediately after the battle the Third was 
moved to the neighborhood of Alexandria, and there 
encamped, with the other regiments of the New Jer- 
sev brigade, which, early in August, received as its 
commander Brig. -Gen. Philip Kearney, one of the 
bravest and best soldiers that ever drew a sabre, and 
one whom the veterans of New Jersey will ever re- 
member with love and admiration. 

The Third Regiiuent was first under hostile fire on 
the 29th of August, when, in making a reconnois- 
sance in the vicinity of Cloud's Mills, it fell into an 
ambuscade of the enemy, and in the skirmish whicii 
followed lost two men killed and four wounded. On 
the same day a skirmish took place between a bodv 
of the enemy and a com))any of the Second Regimeni. 
resulting in a loss to the rebels of twelve men. A 
month later (September 29th) a reconnoissance in 
force was made by Gen. Kearney, with his entire 
brigade, one company of Kentucky cavalry, and a 
light battery under the command of Capt. Hexariier. 
the object of the expedithm being to ttscertain the 
strength and position of the enemy at M;ison's 
Hill,— a ijoint which he was reported to be fortify- 
ing, in front of the Union lines. The object wa-^ 
accomplished without loss. After a summer and 
autumn spent in camp and picket duty, varied liy 
the events above mentioned, and some other minor 
affairs of similar nature, the brigade went into winter 
quarters near Alexandria. 

On the 7th of March, 18<;2, the brigade left camp, 
and moved forward to P.urke's Station, on the Or;'.nge 
and Alexandria Railroad, as a guard to a working- 
party, and on the Sth made an extended reconnois- 
sance of the country, which developed the fact tli:ic 
the Confederate fijrces were prejiaring to evacuate 



GHNKRAL IIISTOllV. 



00 



llioir strong p')sitioii at Miuiussa.s. U|miii this. Oeii. 
Ki'iirr.ov, without further orders I'rom tho (Hvision 
(Miniiiniuler, pressed on witli viuinr, driving tlie .-c;!!.- 
tired pickets of the enemy before him, :ind on the 
'.Hli rebelled Sangsler's Station, where tiie Second 
ami Third Regiments surprised a detachment of 
rehel cavalry, killing several, and taking twelve pris- 
(iners. On the 10th the brigade occupied the aban- 
doned position at JIanassas, eight companies of the 
Third Regiment being the first force to enter and 
hoist the Union flag on the works. 

On the opening of the spring campaign in 1SG2 the 
brigade, which then formed part of the First Division ' 
of the First Army Corps, moved forward to Catlett's 
Station, two miles from Warrenton, on tlie Orange 
and Alexandria Railroad ; the object of the move- 
ment being to divert the attention of the Confederate 
commander while Gen. McClellan was moving the 
Army of the Potomac to Fortress Monroe and New- 
port News for the commencement of the movement 
towards Richmond by way of the Virginia peninsula. 
It does not appear that Gen. Lee was greatly deceived 
by this movement to Catlett's, and on the 11th of 
April (six days after the army bad arrived in front of 
Yorktown), the divi.>ion moved back to Alexandria, 
where, on the 17th. the brigade was embarked ou 
steamers bound for the peninsula, to join the army. 
It landed at York Point on the York River, whence, 
on the 5th of May {the day of the battle of Williams- 
burg), it was moved by steamer up the river to West , 
Point. It was tlieu under the command of Col. Tay- 
lor, Gen. Kearney having been advanced to the com- 
mand of the division. 

At West Point, during the night and day following 
the disembarkation of the troops, a brisk skirmish, 
amounting almost to a battle, was fought with the 
Fifth Alabama and other Confederate regiments, but 
the Xew Jersey brigade, being held in reserve, sus- , 
tained no loss. On the 15th the P'ir^t Division joined ^ 
the main body of the Army of the Potomac at Wliite 
House, and marched thence, with the grand column, 
to the Chickahominy River. 

In the fighting which subsequently occurred along 
the shores of that ill-omened stream, the brigade took 
no active part until, in the afternoon of the 27tli of 
June, it moved from tlie camp on the south side of 
the Chickahominy across tiiat river to its north bank, 
and there plunged into the" fire and carnage of tlie 
battle of Gaines' Mill. 

P'oster, in Ills "'New Jersey and the Rebellion," 
says, "The brigade was at once ibrmed into two lines, 
the Third and Fourth Regiments in front, and the 
First and Second in the second line, and in tliis order 
advanced to the brow of a hill in front, where the 
1 bird Regiment, under Lieut. -Col. Brown, was or- 
dered into the woods to relieve Xewton's brigade, 
which was sorely pressed by the enemy. At this point 
the woods, some four hundred yards in fri;nt of our 
line of battle, swarmed with rebels, who fought with 



tho greatest desperation and ferocity, handling their 
artilh'ry especially in the most ellectivc manner, and 
diiing fearlul execution in our ranks. The gallant 
Third, however, bravely stood its ground, opening a 
galling fire on the enemy, and remaining in the woods 
until the close of the action." 

The Second and Fourth Regiments were sent into 
a belt of woods on the right of the Tliird, and thus 
the three were in the action in dangerous parts of the 
field. The loss in four companies of tlie Second was 
fifteen killed, forty-eight wounded, and forty-one 
missing. The Third had thirty-four killed, one hun- 
dred and thirty-six wounded, and forty-five missing. 
The Fourth lost, besides prisoners, thirty-eight killed, 
and one hundred and eleven wounded. The loss of 
the Third Regiment in the battle of Gaines' Mill was 
one hundred and seventy killed and wounded, and 
forty-five missing. 

At eleven o'clock in the night succeeding the battle 
the Xew Jersey regiments recrossed to the south side 
of the Chickahominy, and remained quietly tliere, in 
the woods, until midnight of the 2Sth, when they 
moved silently out, taking the road to Savage Station, 
and thence to White Oak Swamp, on the retreat to 
the James River. A brisk engagement took place 
near the crossing of White Oak Creek, but the brigade 
did not take part in it, though it occupied a position 
of peri! between the batteries of the contending forces, 
where the shells of both passed over the men as they 
lay on the ground for comparative security. From 
this point the brigade moved on by way of Malvern 
Hill (passing that ])Osition on tlie 1st of July, but 
taking no part in the bloody battle of that day) to 
Harrison's Landing, whicli it reached on the morning 
of the 2d, in tlie midst of a drenching rain, and en- 
camped in a wheat-field of several liundrcd acres in 
extent. 

The regiment remained in the vicinity of the land- 
ing for about six weeks, at the end of which time it 
marched with the army down the Peninsula, and 
was transported thence by steamer up the Chesapeake 
Bay and Potomac River to Alexindria, where it 
arrived on the 24th, and was moved from that place 
to (Jloud's Mills, on its way to reinforce the arm.y of 
Gen. Pope, who was in the neighborhood of Manassas, 
and sorely pressed by the Confederates under "Stone- 
wall" Jackson. On the 27th it moved forward by rail 
from Cloud's Mills to Bull Run bridge, and from 
there moved to the old battle-field, where it became 
engaged with the enemy's infantry and fought bravely 
for more than an hour, sustaining severe lo-s from 
the musketry and artillery fire. It was at last com- 
pelled to give way before the overwhelming force of 
the Confederates, but retreated in good order to Fair- 
fax Station and thence to Cloud's Mills, which latter 
point was reached at noon on the 2Sth. In the en- 
gagement at Bull Run (Jen. Tayhjr was >everely 
wounded in the leg, and died at Alcxandri:i, on the 
1st of September, from the eii'ecLs of aniputati'.'n. 



56 



IIISTOllY OF HLOIJCKSTER, SALKM, AND I'lI.MHKRLAM) CUUNTIK; 



After deflating Pope's army in Virginia, the Con- 
tcderate forces moved rapidly to tiie Potomac at Ed- 
wards' Feny ami other [xiints, and crossed into Mary- 
hind. The Union army pnr-ued and overtook tlieni 
at South Mountain, wliere a severe battle was fou'^'ht 
on thelJth ol September. In that battle the First New 
Jersey Brigade (then under command of Col. Tor- 
bcrt) was engaged at the point known as Cranipton's 
Gap, and fought with its n>ual gallantry. In the 
great battle of Antietam, which occurred three days 
later, the lrii;ade stood in ] o-ition for forty-two 
hours, and during six hours of the time was under a 
very severe artillery fue, but was not ordered into 
action. After the battle it remained in Maryland 
more than two weeks, and finally, on the 2d of Octo- 
ber, crossed the Potomac at Derliu, and after a num- 
ber of tedious movements in Virginia reached Staf- 
ford Conrt-House on the ISth, and remained there in 
camp until Gen. Burnside ordered the forward move- 
ment against Fredericksburg. 

In that movement the brigade marche<l from its 
camp to the Rappahannock, which it reached on the 
ilth of December, and crossed to the south shore at 
daylight of the following morning. It remained at 
rest until two o'clock in the afternoon, when it ad- 
vanced rapidly across a plateau, under a heavy fire 
of artillery, until it reached the shelter of a ravine, 
through which flow the waters of Deep Run, and in 
this ravine it remained until the morning of the 13th. 
It was not till three in the afternoon that the brigade 
was ordered forward into the tight. The loss of the 
brigade was one hundred and seventy-two killed, 
wounded, and missing. After the battle the array 
recrossed to the north side of the river, and the First 
New Jersey Brigade went into winter quarters near 
White Oak Church. 

In the movement across the Rappahannock, in the 
spring of 18G-3, known a^ the campaign of Chancel- 
lorsville, the First Brigade, then commanded by Co 



^Moving n(n-tliward with the .\rmy of the Potomac 
in pur>uit of Lee, who was then marching toward* 
Pennsylvania, the First Brigade (then in Wright's 
divi-ion of the Sixth Corps i crossed the Potomac at 
Edwards' Ferry on the l!rth of June, and reached 
fiettysburg on the lid of July, its last day's march 
being thirty-six miles. It immediately went into 
position, and remained without change until the fol- 
lowing morning, when it was advanced to the front 
line, but it did not become engaged, except slightly 
on the liickct-iine, where it lost eleven men wounded. 
In the pursuit of Lee's army it was again slightly en- 
gaged at Fairfield, Pa., and at Hagerstown, Md. It 
crossed the Potomac on the PJth at Berlin, and on 
the 'lolh of July reached Warrenton, where it re- 
mained till the loth of September. During the re- 
mainder of the fall it participated in a number of 
minor movements, and early in Deceinber encamped 
near Brandy Station, where it remained in winter 
quarters till the latter part of Ajiril, 1SG4. 

The First Brigade commenced its la-t campaign on 
the 4th of May, when it crossed the Kapidan at Ger- 
mania Ford, and moved southward into the labyrinths 
of the Virginia wilderness. In the month which suc- 
ceeded, its movements, battles, and skirmishes were 
too numerous to be recorded in detail. On the day 
f illowing the crossing it became heavily engaged with 
j the enemy, fighting stubbornly till its ammunition 
I was exhausted, and losing severely. On the 6th it 
I was again fighting, and suffered heavy loss. On tlie 
Sth, at the Po River, it took part in an assault on 
strong earthworks, but was compelled to retire from 
I the overpowering numbers and impregnable position 
I of the enemy. It was briskly engaged in skirmishing 
I on the 9th, and at Spotfsylvania, on the 10th, it again 
I formed part of an assaulting party, which carried one 
I of the Confederate works and took a number of pris- 
' oners. Still asain, at Spott-ylvania, on the 12th of 



May. it took part in the battle, and charged the 
Brown in place of Col. Torbert, who was sick, crossed ! enemy's position with great bravery, 
the river, with the Sixth Corps, at Franklin's Cross- ' In the advance beyond Spottsylvania, the brigade 
ing, below Fredericksburg, on the 29th of April, but , was engaged in heavy skirmishing along the Xorth 
remained occupying the old rifle-pits until morning ' Anna River and at Tolojiotomy, until it finally stood 
of the 3d of May, when it was put in motion, and, i on its last battle-field, at Cold Harbor, where, through 
moving up the river through Fredericksburg, about ; two days of blood and terror, it lought as bravely as 



three miles on the road to Chancellorsville, came to 
Salem Church, where the enemy was found in strong 
force, and advantageou.^ly posted in thick woods, 
with earthworks on both sides of the road. The 
brigade advanced and attacked this position, and 
the battle raged with great fury till night, the eneniy 
being driven a sliort distance, with severe loss, until 
he occupied another line of rifle-pits. The loss of 
the New Jersey brigade was heavy, but its reputa- 



ever. But the term of service had expired, and on 
the 3dof .lune the First and Third New Jersey Regi- 
ments (both together numbering only two hundred 
men) left the front, and proceeded by way of Wash- 
ington to Trenton, where they arrived on the 7th, and 
were .soon afterward disbanded. 

Some of the men had re-enlisted, and their terms 
had not expired. The^^e were transferred to the 
Fourth and Fifteenth Regiments, but aftersvard, with 



tion for bravery was fully sustained. It remained ; those of the same chi.-s from the Second Regiment. 
on the field during the following day, but was not : were consolidated into the Fir-t. Second, and Third 
again engaged, except as a support to the batteries. 15attalions. The Fourtli w ;i- nui^tercd out on tlie 9th 
In the early morning of the 5th of M.ay it marched and the Second on the lUli ot July, ISOo, at Hall's 
back to its old camp-ground at NVIiite Oak Church. ' Hill, Va. 



GENKKAL lUSTc'llY. 



57 



FIRST KKGIMEST. 

GLoror.s^rri; CoiNTV. 
aiirrf. 
Cvrge D. liullii-lJ, enl. July S, ISOl; niu^t. out Auj:. 9, ISCi. 
Andron- Schcivloy, enl. July S, iNll ; iiiii^t. out Aug. 0, 1S02. 

Ji*>pli Dilks, eul. May ii, ISGl ; killpj in action So|.t. 14, ISci:.', at 

Crampton's Pa«3. 
Fninklin M. Hrown. 

Con,p,mt, il. 

Thomas Johnson, enl. June ;1, lf61 ; .li'cti. ilisi.liilitv KeV. o, l^iW. 
Josepli Tatoni. onl. June 3, ISOl ; Jisoli. J.ui. 19, Tt^C3, woun.is received 

in action at Man;i?*i3. 
John Lecroy. 

SilEM rulSTV. 
Companu n. 
Charles K. CaTniil.cll, enl. April ii, 1S151 ; le-enl. Dec. 2S, 1SK(; must, 
out June -29. 1SC5. 

Co„.pawj G. 

Samuel En^li-h, Jr., enl. 5Iay 2 1. If'-.l ; must, out June 23, 1S04. 
Alfred A. Knglisli, enl. 51.iy 23, ISi'd ; <liscli. di-al.iliry Sept. 13, 1>G1. 
John I'eacock.ejil. May 23,1801; ninst. out Nov. 2, 1.M31. 

Compantj }{. 
(.amuel McWilliams, enl. June 3, l.^'-l. 

ClMBKRL.lND COIMV. 

Company C 
Thomas S. Hownie, eul. May 22, ISCl ; discli. dis.il, ility March 1, 1S63. 

Coiuputty E. 
Jacob DilUhaver, enl. .Sept. 19, 1SC2; dijch. disjibility Jan. 10, 1S03. 

V-illi,,n. II. Feh,,y, enl. M.iy 2.;, l-ol ; must, out Juue 23, ISM. 
SECONIi REGIMENT. 
Comply B. 



James Brown, enl. .March 23, ISC.i; 
George Foster, enl. April lu, ISiii; 
Abmhaui Jafgers, enl. April 10, Is 
William -Mick, eul. April 10, ioOo; 



t. out July 11, ISw. 
.out July 11, 1!>G5. 
lust, out July 11, lSt». 
:. out July 11, ISCo. 



Bii 



1 Sh( 



enl. April 10, 1S6.J; Corp. July r,, IS 



ISGJ 



I I 



Cornelius A. Shaw, eni. March 2.*, 1S65 ; must, out July 11, lS6.j. 
Jlelvern T. Wickhani, enl. April 10, ISGo; must, out July II, 1805. 

Cvmei;riam) Covntv. 

Coinptiny B. 

Captain, Henry 0. Eyerson ; First Lieutenant, John A. Wildnck ; Second 

Lieutenant, Jacob H. Hoflman. 
Calvin Jlc.Mahon, tergt., enl. Maich 21, ISli.i; must, out July 11, 1SC5. 
tavid P. Ca«nian, sergt., eul. March 23, ls6o; must, out July 11, IStio. 
Joel A. Hcrr, sergt., enl. .March 21, ISW; must, out July 11, 1S0.5. 
Joseph H. .Mason, Bergt., enl. March 23, ISCo; d.sch. June 20, 1S65. 
I6a,ic L. It Mai.bEeld, sergt., enl. March 21, ISCJ ; pro. com.-sergt. July 

1, Uu.-,. 
William G.fford, Corp., enl. April 3, 1865 ; must, out July 11, ISM. 
John \V. Cuitis, Corp., enl. March 23, 1S(H: pro. sergt. July 1, I.SGo; 

must, out July ll,li<f,5. 
Lucian Stevens, Corp., enl. March ?, ISM; pro. sergt. July fi, LSCi; must. 

out July 11, 1 SI,,',. 
Robert Kay, cvrp , enl. JIaicli 2S, l.^.r,; nuiat. out July 11, If65. 
William J. Ware, Corp., enl. Maich 21, ItlO; mu»t. out July 11, ISfi.J. 
IVank K. liaker, Corp., enl. March 2i. ISuo; mu,t. out July 11, IsM. 
Tbonias C. Gilfoid, corp., enl. March 21, I.-i;.t: must, out July 11, ls6o. 
Win»low J. Fries, Corp., enl. March .30, ISCj ; must, out July 11, ISW. 

Prirattt. 
Jess., p.. Ashby, enl. March 21, 1"! 4 : niu=t. out July 11, Is65. 
Will. am J. Brown, eul. Jlurcli 21, Iboo; must, out July 13, ISliO. 
Joseph Brauin, enl. .llarch 23, IsW; must, out July 11, 1665. 
Sebastian Burkctt, eiJ. March 23, I«Gi ; muat. out July 11, 1805. 
William Clark, eul. Marcii 2S, WVj; must, out July U, 1S03. 



Richard Champion, enl March 2,1, ISM ; must, out July II. 1SG5. 
David Cuni.in.:hani, enl. Jlirch 23,USH5; must, out July 11, ISM 
Thomas W. Collins, enl. March 21, ISM ; must, out July 11, ISM. 
Benjamin CossalKKin, enl. March -.S, IStW ; must, out July 11, ISM. 
Andrew Cary, enl. April 4, ISir, ; must, out July 11, l.SM. 
Jacob Date, enl. Aprd lo. l.-D.".; must, out July 11, ISOS. 
David A. EK-rhart, enl. Maivh 2.'>, 1S0.=p; must, out July 11, ISM. 
Ancil E. Faunce. enl. M^mjli 23. ISO.i; disch. May 3. IsM. 
Andrew J. Grei,sman, enl. April 1, IS.a : must, out July 11, ISM. 
Chester S. Goodwin, enl. April 3, ISM; must, out July II, IsM. 
James Gaskill, enl May 2.1, lSi»: must, out July II, ISM. 
JohnGreiner, enl. March 25, ISM; must, out July II, 1SG5. 
Jacob 1!. llubb.ird.enl. March 23, ISM; must, ont July 11, 1S65. 
Chailes II. ll.ithaway, enl. Marcli 23, ISM: must, out July 11, 1SG5. 
John C. Hughes, enl. April 1. 1803; must, out July 11, 1S03. 
William Um, enl. March 23. ISM ; must, out July U, ISlo. 
Jacob Kipple, eul. Marcli 23, l-iVi; must, out July 11, 1SG.5. 
Joseph C. Key, eul. March 21, ISGS; must, out July II, 1SG5. 
Joseph Loder, enl. March 21, ISia : must, out July II, ISM. 
Peter H. MossbrooU, enl. .March 23, ISOS : m.ist. out July 11. 1>M. 
John McCluro, enl. April 3, 1SG5; must, out July 11, ISO.'.. 
David Murray, enl. -March 2S, ISCo; must, out July 11, ISOo. 
El-enezer Murray, eul. April G, 1SG5 : must, out July H, 1j6o. 
Hiram Murray, eul. March 2S, 1SC5 ; mu.st. out July 11, ISM. 
Henry Murriy, enl. Marcli 2S, 1S05; must, out July 11, ISM. 
John G. Morris, enl. April 4, 1S65 ; must- out July 11, ISM. 
John C. Miller, enl. March 23, 1SC3 ; must, out July 11, ISM. 
Ixjrenzo I). Morion, enl. Ajgil 4, 1S65 ; dind July 5, 1SG5, diarrhcra. 
William Morgan, enl. April 10, 1S65 ; must, out July II, UM. 
Frederic Noble, enl. March 27, ISOo; must, out July 11, ISC3. 
Daniel Osborii, eul. March 23, ISM ; must, out July 11, ISC5. 
David H. Osborn, eui. March 2S. Is65 ; must, out July 11, ISM. 
Charles D. Palmer, enl. Jl.arch 23, ISGo; must, out July 11. 1S65. 
Charles Payne, enl. April 10, 1S0.5; must, out Jnly 11, ISOo. 
John Robbiiis, eul. March 23, ISM ; must, out July 11, ISC'i. 
De.xter A. Robbius, enl. March 24, 1S05: must, out July 11, ISM. 
William E. Roberts, enl. March 23, ISOo ; must, out July H, ISCo. 
William Richmond, enl. April 1, 1805; must, out July 11, 1S03. 
■William Sypher, enl March 23. 1865; must, out July 11, 1SG5. 
Eastman T. Strickland, enl. March 23, 1S65; disch. June 20, 1865; coH'- 
Charles G. Scott, enl. March 24, 1SG5 ; must, out July 11, I.S05. 
Isaac S. Sheldon, enl. April 10. 1S05 ; must, out July II, 1S65. 
Chai les Terry, ciil Aplil 3, 1SC5 ; must, out July ll.lSGo. 
Matthias Veal, ei.l. March 2S, 1860 ; must, out July 11, 1S65. 
Michael Woolston, enl. March 23, 1S05; must, out Jnly II, ISM. 
George Williams, eul. March 21, 1S63 ; must, out July 11, ISM. 
John E. Williams, enl. April 1', 1S05 : must, out July 11, ISM. 
Daniel Westcott, enl. April 10, 1805; must, out July II, ISM. 







THIRD REIIIMENT. 








GIOOCESTEK COI.MV. 








iii/ul. 




Charh 


sT. Stratton, 


enl. Juno 7, ISOl ; must. .•i. 


Ail.g. 10, 1S02. 


Frauci 


s B. Rolgwa.v 


enl. June7,lS61 : must, o 


It Aug. 10, 1RG2 



ut Co. I Sept. 13,1862. 
2d lieut. &i. K Oct. 8, 



Captain. David Vickers, Jr.; First Lieutenant, John Roberts: .Second 

Lieutenant, Charles Wilson. 
William U.Snowden, sergt., enl. April 19, 1S61; pro. capt. Co. D, 10th 

Regt., April 16, 1S02 
Joseph L. Franklin, enl. Ajuil 19, IS'd ; pro. 2d 
Josiah P. Franklin, Corp., enl. April 19, 1561 ; pr 

1862. 
William L. Butler, Corp., enl. April 19, ISGI ; died July 6, 1801. 
Frank Peabody, Corp., enl. April 19, 1S02. 
Henry Hapgerty, Corp., eul. April 19, I.sCl; pro. 2.1 lieut. Co. K Oct. 8, 

1SG2. 
David S. Gibson, Corp., enl. April 19, IsOI : died June 4, 1862. 
Charles Elkinton, Corp., enl. April 19, ISOI; pro. sergt. Sept. 1, 1SG2; 

1st sergt. April 1, 1.>G4 ; must, out June 23, ISi^l. 
William S. Clair, Corp., enl. April 19. IROl ; disch. disability Oct. 17,186,3. 
Tliomris French, wagoner, enl. Aiiril 19, 18G1; mua. out June 23. 1S04. 

/^U'ltei. 
Nathan Allen, enl. April 1ft, 1801 ; ilisch. Nov. 20, 1S02, wounds received 
in action. , 



i \ 



58 



HISTORY OF GLOUt'KSTEll, SALEM, AND CrMlM'.HLAND COUNTIES. 



Joseph T. Allen, cnl. April 10, 1S61 ; kilU-.l in notion Mi>y 12, ISM. at 

Siwlt^.vlv.ini!-. Conrt-IIousi-. 
William F. Allen, eiil. April I'.l, Isfil ; niM>t. mil .Iiui.- ■J:l. ISM. 
Kiiocli W. Aslilun, enl. Apul 111, l.-Ol ; Diiist. ..ul .Iiiuc .4. 1>m;4- 
Chnrl.s V. Ablml, enl. April l!i. l.^lU ; discli. liisiil.ility Fob. 17, l.^i^V 
CliKlles Ik-aty, enl. April I'.l, Is^'.l ; kille.l in arlion 51ny i, ISi'.ls, at Fi eJ- 

eiick'l.urg. 
Henry \V. linek, enl. April 10, ISlU ; must, out .lune 23, lSi4. 
Kol.erl Uoyl,., enl. April 10, ISGl ; .liscli. .iis.nl.imy M.iy 1, 1SC2. 
John B,.yce,enl April 19, VSei ; killoj in action Jnne 22, 18r!2, al Gaines' 

Farm. 
Henry Hurt, enl. .\pril l',l, IRiU : .liarb. disal.ility June 12, 1SC2. 
Jame^ T. Caffrey, enl. April I'.l, lSi;l ; killed in action Sept. It, 11502, at 

CiainptoM'9 ru'is. 
Samuel ('. Chester, enl. April 19, lSi',1 ; discli. disaliility Feb. 9, 1,<63. 
Hcnrs' F. Clark, enl. April 19. l.^lil; killed in act:on Jnne 27,.1S';2, at 

Gaines' Farm. 
Henry S. Clark, enl. April 19, l.'^iil ; trans, to Vel 

11504; disch. June 2:!, l.'si'.l. 
William D. Cl.irk, enl. April 19, ISOl; died, Jn 

received in action at Wilderness, Va. 
Isaac Clark, enl. April 19, IS'U ; disch. Oct. 2i;, ISO'2, to join reguli 



Corps March 15, 
1S64, of wounds 



Kdward H. Clayton, enl. April 19, 1601 ; Corp. Feb. 1, 1S02; disch. June 

23, ISlH. 
Andrew J. Cunningham, enl. April 19, ISOl ; must, out June '24, 1.^04. 
Andrew J. Craig, enl. April 10, LSIU ; Corp. Jan. 1, 1S03; sergt. Aug. 1, 

1S03: must, out June 2;!, 1804. 
Edward C. Cattell, enl. April 19, ISOl ; disch. Pec. 9, ISGl. wounds. 
Joseph C. Cunard, enl. Aug. 27, 1SC2 ; served in Co. K, loth liegt., and 

Co. C, 3d Batt.; disch. May 17, 1S6.5. 
James B. Caldwell, enl. Aug, 19, lSiV2 ; duoh. April 2li, ISM. 
Alexander \V. Pavis,enl. April 19, ISCl: Corp. Jan. 1, l'<63; disch. June 

•23, ISM. 
llicliael nonnell, enl. April 10, ISOl ; killed in action .«ept. 14, 1SC2, at 



npto 



John Downs, enl. April 19, ISOl ; disch. disability Dec. S, 18(V2. 
Benjamin F. Duffield, enl. April 19, ISCl; disch. disitbility Feb. 14, 1863. 
Samuel Dilkes, enl. April 19, 1801; disch. disability Feb. 20, 1S63. 
John Edwards, enl. .\pril 19, 1861 ; disch. Oct. 2C, 1802, to join regular 



John W. Eacritt, enl. April 19, IS'll ; inu 
Reuben Foster, enl. April 19, 1801 ; must 
Joshua Fo.x, enl. April 19, l.sOl ; dii;h. 



. out Jnne 23, 1804. 
out June 23, ISM. 
ict. 26, -lf^y2. to joir 



egula 



J»»se B. Frampns, enl. April 19, 1801; corp. Sept. '20, IS62; must, out 

June 23, 1804. 
Samuel Graham, enl. April 19, 1S61 ; disch. disability Jnne 12, 1801. 
Charles Gordon, enl. April 19, 1801; disch. disability Dec. 9, 1802. 
John Grubbins, enl. April 19, 1861; must, out June 23, 1S04. 
John Green, eiil. April 19, ISOl ; must, out June 2i, 1SC4. 
Lewis M. Gibson, enl. Aug. 27, 1362; discli. disability Feb. 2.5, 1803. 
William Hewirt, enl. April I'J, 1801 : killed in action. May 8, 1804, near 

Spottsylvania, Va. 
Thomas H. Hill, enl. April 19, ISOl ; must, out June 23, 18M. 
Wallace Hemphill, enl. April 19, 1301 ; must, out Feb. 3, 1805. 
Thomas Jones, enl. April 10, ISOl ; disch. disability Oct. 9, 1S62. 
Charles R. Jackson, enl. April 19,1801; trans, to Co. A, loth Regt. ; Corp. 

Nov. 1,1802; sergt. Jan. 1, ISC4; re-enl. Jan. 5, 1804. 
Isaac Jaggard, enl. April 19, 1801; disch. disability Nov. 19, 1301. 
Robert W. Jaggard, enl. April I'l, 1801; trans, to Signal Curps; disch. 

therefrom as serg. Jan. 19, 1S65. 
Enoch L. .Johnston, enl. April 19, ISOl : disch. disability Jan. 23, 1603. 
William Lockwood, enl. April 19, 18i;l; disch. Dec. 4, ISui, for wounds 






rgt. Jan. 1, 



John W. Low, enl. .\pril I'l, 1861. 

Samuel C. Matt, enl. April 10, 1801; corp. Aug. 1, Is 

1803; killed in action May 3, 1803, at Fredericksburg. 
William T. Meats, enl. April 19, 1801; discJl. disability Feb. 9, IS6i. 
Robert .M.irris, enl. April 10, 1801 ; died Xov. '24, 1801. 
John .McCluro, enl. April 19, 1801: died Nov. 13, 1801. 
Benjamin F. .Manll, musician, enl April 19, 1801 ; re-enl. March 31, 

1804; pro. principal musician April 1, 18C4. 
Anthony Nemes, enl. April 10, 18.;l ; disch. diaal.ility May 15, 1602. 
Frederick Nelils. enl. April 10. 1801 ; di,ch disability March 31, 1662. 
George Ostert.ae, enl. April 10, ISOl ; killed in action June 27, 1802, at 

Galpes' Farm. 



Joseph W. Ore, enl. April 10, ISOI ; .bscli. disability Nov. '2.1, 1SC2. 

Cbailes Parker, enl, A|.iil 19, 1801; must, out June 2.1, 1864. 

John R. I'edi-ick, enl. Api il 10. 1801 ; corp Sept. 20, 1862; Bergl. Jan. 1, 

18i;3: killed in action May 3, 1,80 1, at Fredericksburg, Va. 
.loseph ricken, enl. April 10, l.'^Ol ; must, out June '23, 1801. 
Andiew Ridgway, enl, April 19, 1861 ; corp. Sept. 311, 1802; sergt. April 

1, 1S64 ; must, out June 2.^ 1804. 
George W. Sharp, enl. April I'.i, 181.1; discli. Oct. 26, 1802, to join regular 

John W. Scott, enl. April 10, 1801; di-cli. diiibility Nov. 14, 1802. 

John R. Scott, enl. Apiil 10, 1801; corp. June 7, l.Si.2; sergt. Nov. 1, 
1802; must, out Jnne 2 1, 1864. 

Joseph D.Scott, enl. April 10, 1801 ; corp. Jan, 1, 1803; killed inaction 
May ?, 1863, at Fredericksburg. 

Frank A. Shute. enl. April 19, 1861 ; di^ch, disability Dec. 15, 1S6-2. 

Daniel W. Sullivan, enl. April 10, 1801 ; must, out June 2:1, ISM. 

James H. Stanger, enl. April 19, 1661 ; must, out Jnne 23, IS54. 

John Tonkins, enl. April 10, 1801; disch. disability Nov. 28, 1802. 

Richard Taylor, enl. April 19, 1.^61 ; must, out June '23, 1864. 

Albert F. Turner, enl. April 19, psol; r.-eiil Jan. .5, 18M: disch. Juno 
28, 1865; served Co. \, loth Regt,, and C^). A, 3d Halt. : must, out 
July 111, ISO.-.. 

Henry J. Wanisley, enl. April 10, 1801 ; corp. Jan. 1, 1804 ; re-enl. Jan. 
5, 1S64; killed in action May 14, 1804, at Sliottsylvania Conrt-Honse 
Va. 

John Wilson, enl. April 10, 1801; disch. disability July 19, 1S62. 

Frederick Wilson, enl. April 10, ISOl ; must, out June '23, 1864. 

William J. Williams, enl. April 19, 1801 ; disch. dis.U.ility May 10, ISO:!. 

Thomas F. Zane, enl. April I'.l, 1801 ; trans, to Vet, Res. Corps March 1.^, 
1864; disch. July 1, 18M. 

Charles G. Zane, enl. April 10, ISCl ; died Aug. '20, 1802, of wounds re- 
ceived in action at Gaines' Farm. 

William F. Zane, enl. April 19, ISOl : died May '22. lSC4,of wonnds re- 
ceived in action at Wilderness, Va. 

Cow^any C. 

Thomas Anderson, enl. Sept. 3, 1802 ; must, out June '22, ISOo, 
Compnmi G. 

George C. Cnmniings, enl. June 24, 1801 : re-enl. Feb. 14, 18M : served 
in Co. A, 3d B.itt : must, out June 2'.i, l,s65. 

Com pan]/ H. 
Thom.as M. Pennypacker, musician, enl. Aug. 23, 1802 : served in Co. (5, 

15th Regt., and Co. A, 3d Batt. ; must, out June 22, 1805. 
Nicholas Johnson, enl. Sept. 2, 1361; trans, to Co. G, loth Regt., Jnne 4, 
1SC4. 

Ccmpatiy I. 

Francis Gavauta, enl. Sept. 11, 1801 ; re-enl. Feb l.\ 1864 ; served in Co. 
E, 15th Regt., and Co. A, 3d Batt.; must, out June 29, 1605. 

Additional.— }^,hii L. D. Wentz, capt. : Frank H. Coles, Ist lieut. ; Aden 
W. Catell, Ist lieut.; Richard llewett, 2d lieut.; Andrew T. Craig, 
sergt.: Charles Alexander, corp. ; John -Moore, eorp. ; Joseph Downs, 
Corp.; James Kershaw, musician; John A. Tyler, musician; Ed- 
ward Barber, James Estlow, Patrick Flynn.Juhn Henthorn, Rich- 
ard Lipi'incott, Ezekiel Ma'lara, Frederick Schranm, John A. Sharp, 
William A. Sharp, privates. 



Comp'tny B. 
Thomas D. Faris, enl. May 25, isOl ; .ii,ch. disability March 19, I?6:1. 

Compaui/ F. 
David W. Fry, eergt., enl. May 28, 1m. I ; must, out June 23, ISM. 
John Mowers, enl. May 28, 1801 ; niii-t. out June 2.i, Ifc(4. 
William F. Nichols, enl. Jan. 21, 1802 ; killed in a.:tion June 27, lSO-2, 

al Gaines' Farm, Va. 
George Robinson, enl. May 28, 1801 ; disch. disability July 19, 1802, 

CfTnp^nnj I. 
Lewis Bircli, enl. May lu, IS'd ; di^ch. Nov. 25. 1^02, wounds received 



B...i.(. 
William S. Lambert, enl. June 7, 1601 ; iiiu»t. out Aug. 10, 1.S62. 
Daniel Fredrick, enl. Juno 7, l.SOl ; must. out Aug. lo, 1S02. 
Ezbon C. Lambert, enl. June 7, 1861 ; must, out Aug. 10, 1802. 
Francis AlLiii,enl. June 7, 1801 ; niusl out Aug. lu, 1802. 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



59 



Vjimi:ri All'in, PiiLJiiiic^, ISf.l: must, out Aujr 10, 1SC2. 
11. i.j.iiiin F. r.<n', pnl. Jime T, IS'l ; .li>i'h. Jan. li;. 1S02. 
»%l.in J. WMt, cnl. June 7, IMU : Ji-ch. Jan. li., Im^J. 



Ki.L.irl He.vclt. c 



I J. jvi>. 2:, isi.:; ri-' 



■>a linit. 



es. Oct. 19, 



eiil. .^pril I'J, IflU : must, out Juno 2.1, l.vi'4. 
111. .Vpril l;', 1-Cl; Ji.sch. .li,j>l.iUlT Oct. IT, 



Jimo* Kei^h^iw. m 
.loliij \. Tvlor, mil: 

lf«. 
Ki.kicl Ma.lnra, eiil. .\pril 10, Iffil : disch. disability .Ian. 2:1, ISO.!. 
Josoi'li .\. Sliarp, enl. .April 1'.", l.-iU ; disoli. disability Due. .3, 1S62. 
William Sliarp, eiil. .\pnl 19, Ib'U ; disch. Tec. 29, 1S62; p,iroled 

rrisoricr. 

Comp'itiy B. 

Joiialliau Pemaris, musiiian, enl. 5Iay 2o, 1.^61 ; disch. dis-lbility March 



30. 1SC2. 
Edward Y. Drament, 
died Pec. 9. 1SC2 



,y 2j, ISOl ; disch. disability Dec. S, lblJ2; 
1, enl. .\ug. 27, 1S02 ; must, out June 22, 



Kdnard A. Jlarlin, mus 

1M.V5. 

.•Mmuel S. Shull, enl. .Aug. 27, 1S62 ; corp. Nov. 7, 1S« ; must cut Juno 

22, IS65. 

Compantj F. 
Capt.,. lames \V. H. Stickney ; 1-t Lieut., Samuel T.Dubois; 2d lieut., 

George Woodnift'. 
Ikiwuian II. BMck.sorgt., enl. May 2.^, ltd ; re-enl.Feb. 16, IS^H; served 

in Co. II, l.'ith Regt,, and Co. .\, 3d Batt. ; must, out June 29, 1SC.5. 
Dani.d J. Dillon, sergt., enl. ll.iy 2S, 1^61; disch. disability. June 14, 

1SG2. 
Samuel Harris, corp., eul. May 2?, iS61 ipro.capt. Co. F, 2Ith F.egt.,Sept. 

16, 1.S02. 
3 Aw, C. Garii.s^n, Corp., • nl. ^lav 25, 1.>l.1 ; must, out Juno V., ISCi. 
Clarence G. Mulford, Corp., enl. M.iy 2S, ISSl ; 1st, Feb. 1, ISW; must. 

out June 23, 18(U. 
James W. Murphy, Corp., enl. May 2S, l>61 ; sergt., .Sug. 14, 1S62 ; must. 

out June 23, 1.1M. 
Daniel B. Ginenback, Corp., eul. May 2S, ISCl ; disch. disability, Feb. 

23, 1863. 

Joseph S. I.ayton, Corp., enl. May 2?, l.^f.l ; trana. to Vet. Bes. Corps 

Nov. 15, 1803; disch. May 2s, 1664. 
Barnett Burdsall, Corp., eul. May -28. 1861 ; disch. disability Sept. 13, 1S62. 
Horace E. Loper, musician, enl. May 28, ISCl ; must, out June 23, 1S61. 
William Painter, musician, enl. May 28. 1861; re-enl. Dec. 3n, 1863; 

served in Co. II, loth Regt., and Co. A, 3d Bait. ; must, out June 29, 

1865. 
James Bright, wagoner, enl. .May 28, 1861 ; trans, to Western gunboat 

service February, 1862 ; disch. Feb. 2, 1864. 

Pritatei, 

Aaron M. Allen, enl. May 28, 1861 ; disch. dis.ability Oct. 17, 1862. 

Davi.l S. Bri.jd, eul. May 28, 1861 ; di»cli. disability PeC. 8, 1862. 

Kobert Burdaell, enl. May 28, 1861 ; di-ch. disability Sept. 1,1SG2. 

Reuben Brooks, enl. May 28, ISbl ; must, out June 23, 1864. 

Charles H. Bacon, enl. May 28, 1861 ; killed iu action Sept. 14, 1862, at 
Cmmpton's Pass, Md. 

r.lias W. Blackson, enl. May 28, 1861 ; died July 3, 1862, of wounds re- 
ceived in aciiou at Gaines' Farm, Va. 

Kcnl*n F, Barret, enl. M.ay 28, 1861; di-ch. for disability Nov. 25, 1^62. 

Adolpli Bergen, enl. Jan. 21, 1(<62 ; sierved in Co. H, l.'.lh P.egt., and Co. 
A, 3d Batt.; must, out .Jan. 20, 1863. 

Edmund K. Cro-ier, enl. May 2.8, ISi'.l ; disch. disability Feb. 9, 1863. 

P.aymond D. CranJol, enl. May 28, 1.861 ; died Jan. 20, 1^63, smallpox. 

David P. Clark, eul. M.ay 28, 1861 ; mu.-.t. out June 23, 1-64. 

Henry Clark, enl. May 28,1801; mis.sing in action at Saletn Heights, 
May 3, 18i« ; supposed dead. 

Cliarles L. Davis, enl. May 28, 1801 ; Corp. Feb. 1, 1S63 ; nin>t. out June 
2:i, 1864. 

Thomas E. Davis, enl. 5Iay 28, 1S61 ; disch. Oct. 26, 1862, to Join regular 

Jamea Dailcy, enl. May 28, 1801 ; disch. disability Nov. 27, 1862. 

Daniel Doyle, enl. ilay 28, 1861; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Jan. 15,1804; 

disch. May 28, 1861. 
Suiilh Dalrvmple, enl. May 2«, 1861; disch. dl,al ilily Oct. 28, 1661. 



Jonathan Fadeley, enl. 5Iay 28, 1801 ; trims, to Vet. Res. Corps .Si'pt. 1, 

1663; re-cnl. April 15, 1863 ; disch. Nov. IP, 1m15. 
Smith J, Fogg, enl. May 28, IS61 ; died June 1, 1^02. 
Jonathan H. F.icoinire. enl. M.-.y 2S, l86I ; must, out June if, ISiV!. 
George Fauver. enl. May 2S, 1861. 

Edward II. Gl■o^scup, enl. May 28, 1861 ; di-cli. disability Feb. 2i. ISiU. 
Koliert Galla-pie, enl. May 28, 1801 ; must, out June 23, 1864. 
Levi J. Harker, enl. May 28, ImU ; must, out June 23, 1864. 
WillKim G. n.iwoll, enl. May 28, 1861 ; must, out Juno 2:!, ISM. 
Josiah llu-ter, enl. May 2,N 1861 ; disch. disability Doc. 8, 1862. 
Elhan P. Harris, enl. May 28, 1801 ; disch. disability 3[ay S, 1.163. 
Johu R Hill, enl. May 28, 1861 : disch. dis.abilil\ July 19, 1S62. 
David B. llusteel, enl. May 28, l.sOl ; re^;n!. Feb. 14, IsM ; Corp. Oct. 1, 

1864; served in Co. II, loth Regt., and Co. A, :,d Bait.; must, out 

June 29, 1865. 
Charles U. Ilendersou, eul. May 28, 1861 ; disch. Oct. 20, 1862, to join 

regular army. 
Robert Jackson, enl. May 28, 1S61 : died Sept. 18, 1862. 
Charles T. Jordan, enl. May 28, 1861 ; must, out June 23, 1864. 
Gideon W. Johnson, eul. May 28. I<61 : killed in action June 27, 1562, 

at Gaines' Farm. 
Thomas B. Keen, enl. May 2S. 1861; killed in action Sept. 14, 1862, at 

Crampton Pass. 
Davis B. Loder, enl. May 28, 1861 ; must, out June 23, 1864. 
Richard C. Lovick, enl. May 23,1861: re-enl. Feb. 14, 1864 ; trans, to 

Co. H, loth r>egt. 
Joab C. Lore, enl. .May 28, 1861 : trans, to Vet. Res. Corps JIarch 15, 

1S64; discli. May 3u,lS64. 
William Moncrief, onl. M.ay 28, 1861; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps March 

15. ISf-1 ; disch. July 3ii,lSC4. 
William Mulford, enl. May 28, 1861; di^ch. disability, Nov. 25, 1802. 
Henry W. Marts, enl. May 28, 1S61 ; must, out June 23, 1804. 
Charles McAllister, enl. May 28, 1801 ; must, out June 23, 1S64. 
William Naglee, enl. May 28,1861 ; re-oul. Dec. 30, 1863; must, out Aug. 

9,1865. 
Joshua R. Nichols, enl. May 28, 1861; disch. disability , May 1.5, 1862. 
John Ogden, enl. May 28, 1861; trans, to Vet. Kes. Corps July 1, 1S6.3. 
Samuel Patchell, enl. May 28, 1861 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Aug. 1, 

18M; disch. June 2, ISM. 
Daniel R. Parvin, enl. May 28, 1861 ; mH»t. out June 23, 1864. 
Robert Potts, enl. May 2s, 1S61 ; disch. disability Nov. 20. 1862. 
Enoch B. Pew, enl. :May 28.1561: Corp. Feb. 1, ISW; re-enl. Feb. U, 

1864 ; died May 8, 1864, of wounds received in action near Spottsyl- 

vania, Va. 
John Royal, enl. May 28, 1861 ; corp. Jan. 1, 18':^ : must, oul June 23, 

1864. 
Philip Ritner, enl. May 28, 1861 : disch. disability July 19, is62. 
Edward D. Stanley, enl. May 28, 1S61 : disch. disability N.iv. 23, 1862. 
Henry B. Slockton, enl. May 23,1801; re-enl. Dec. 30, 1863 ; killed in 

action May 8, 1864, .at Spottsylvania, Va. 
Alexander Sayrc, enl. M.ay 28, 1861 : must, out June 23, 1864. 
George Slert, enl. Stay 23, 1861 ; must, out June 23, 186t. 
Henry L. Seymour, enl. May 23, 1861 ; trans, to Co. H, 15th Regt. ; re- 
enl. Feb. 14,1864. 
Josiah B. Sheppaid, enl. May 28, 1861 ; died July 20, 1861. 
John F. Thornard, enl. May 28, 1861; died Jni.e 14, 1862. 
John Thompson, enl. May 2.8, 1S61; disch. disability March 31, 1S62. 
Joseph. E. Thompson, enl. May 2S, 1.801 ; died June 28, 1862, of wounds 

received in action at Gaines' Farm, Va. 
John M. Tyler, enl. May 25, 1801; died June 28, 1862, of wounds received 

in action at Gaine.s' Farm, Va. 
Benjamin F.Tyler, enl. May 28,1861; disch. disability Dec. 17, 1862. 
William A Thomas, enl. May 28, 1861; disch. disability June 6, 1862. 
Matthias Taylor, enl. May 22, 1861 : disch. di,ability Feb. 4, 186.!. 
Robert M. VausanS, onl. 5Iay 28, IsCl ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Sept. 1, 

1803; disch. June 4, 180^4. 
Thomas M. Woodruff, enl. May 23,1801; corp. Jan. 1, 1863 ; must, out 

June 23, 1861. 
Joseph U. Wo,idriifr, enl. MjJ 28, 1861; Corp. Aug. 14, ls62; must, out 

June 23, 1864. 
James B. Woodruff, enl. May 28, 1861 ; must, out June 23, 1604. 
George Wolf, cnl. .May 28, 1661 ; died July :J0, 1862, of dysentery. 
Alexander II. Webb, i-nl. May 28, 1861 ; disch. M.irch 2, IS64. 
Samuel W. Welis, enl. May 2.S, 1801 ; disch. disability Oct..iO, 1S62. 
Walker S. Williams, enl. May 28, 1861 ; must, out June 23, 1864. 
William H. Williams, enl. 'May 28, 1861 ; must, out June 2:i, 1864. 
James 0. WeslcotI, enl. 3Iay -s, 1861; discb. dij.J.ilily Jan. 10, 186:!. 



60 



IIISTOUY OF ULOUCIOSTKU, SALKM, AND CUMCiniLANl) COUNTIES. 



DiWid Yeuricks, enl. Jl.iy 'J?, If-Gl ; i-orp. Ftb. 1, ISiVl; wounde.l M.i 
I.-f.4, in a. li..n iiPar i-|«,tl.-jlv!inia, Vii. ; ariii luiilnilali-.i; inu=t. 
Jun.? ^,1. iM-.-l. 



Mi, 



Wc.f.l- 



nl. M; 



Comi„w,j II. 
: -27, ls.;i; nius 



.Hit ,IuiU' il. 1m;4. 



JoImi G. Aril.- 

isr.,i; mil 

R..borl liiirkc 



FOl KTIl liEOIMF.XT 
Gloickstkr County. 
Cojnpany C. 
John Kc.'fc. enl. Dec. 3, ISM: uuist. .jnt Jiil.v 9, iMlo. 

Oxii^niy Z>. 
Daniel I'arker. enl. Sejil. 17, Im31 ; discli. disability Nov. IS, ISW. 

Cottipauii K. 
Louis Mattour, enl. Aug. 20, 1S61; re-eiil. llec. 21), 1S63 ; must, out July 

9, ISCo. 
Mattliias Kicbuumd, enl. Aug. 20, ISf.l. 
Theodore Sliute, enl. Aug. 15, ISi.l ; re-«nl. Mar.-h 20, lSf.4; must, out 

July l.s, 1S05. 
John Brown. 

Conipauy F. 

John Camp, va.-oner, enl. Feb. 12, 1S64; must, out July 9, ISM. 
Franklin EH.slI.ick, enl. Aug. 15, IStll ; must, .lut Sept. 1:1, IS04. 
John Elbet^on, enl. Aug. lo, ISOI : re-enl. Dec. 20, ISll.J ; corp. Jan. 1, 

1664 ; must, out July 22, lSt.5. 
Horatio S. Howell, enl. Aug. 13, ISUl ; Corp. March 1, ISO.!: re-enl. Dec. 

26, 1S6:): pro. q.ni.-sergt. Sept. 6, 1663 ; capt. Co. B Oct. .5, 1864. 
\Vaiihingt..n Sliult?., enl. Aug. 15, 1S61 ; must, out Aug. 17, 1864. 
George \V Scott, enl. Aug. 15, ISUl ; disch. disability Dec. 13, 1S63. 

Company G. 
Lewis Wntson, enl. Aug. i;, isni ; re-enl. Doc. 20, 1,863; must, out July 

9, 18C5. 
Samuel B. Fisher, enl. An.,- 17, ISC.l : re-enl, D.c. 26, IRfi::: covp Jan. 

1. 18C4 : sergt. March 1, 1S65 ; must, out July 9, lSi;5. 
Japhct Jlosbrooks, enl. Fob. l:i, ls«4 ; disch. disability March 2S, 1SC4. 
Lewis Bender. 

Compamj H. 

Joseph K. Veils, coi-p., enl. Aug. 17, 1S6I ; sergt. Nov. 1, 1862; Ist sergt. 
March 1,1863; sergt.-maj. June 10, 1S03; re-enl. Dec. 26, 1.S6.3: pro. 
capt. Co. E Feb. 13, ISM. 

George Dilks, enl. Aug. 17, ISGl ; disch. Oct. 7, 1864. 

Thomas Clevanger, en!. Feb. 5, 1864 ; died June 1, 1864, of wounds re- 
ceived iu action at 'Wiblerne^s, Va. 

David Doughty, enl. Aug. 17, 1861 ; died Aug. 4, 1S62, of wouods re- 
ceived in action at Gaines' Farm. 

Jesse G.Eastlack, enl. Aug. 17, 1861; died March 27, 1863, of wounds 
received in action at Cr^mpton's Pass, 

Williiini J. Gibbs, enl. Aug. 24, 1861. 

George Gariison, enl. Aug. 21, 1S61 ; disch. .lisability Sept. 22, 1S62. 

Thomas Gibbs, enl. Feb. 9, 1864; disch. June 27, 1805, of wounds re- 
ceived in Rcticn at Winchester, Va. 

Lewis I'erney, enl Aug. 17, 1861 ; d>5ch. disability June 13,180.5; re- 
enl Dec. 20, 1803; c.rp. March 6, 1865 

Charles W. Potter, enl. Aug. 24, 1801 ; kille.l in action June 27, 1SC2, at 
Gaines' Farm. 

William Sclienck, enl. Aug. 17, 1801. 

John C. Schence, enl. Aug. 2:i, 1861; disch. disability Jan. 17, 1863. 

Andrew R. S'lyder, enl. Aug. 17, 1861 ; disch. disability Dec. 24, 1862. 

John W. Schaffer, enl. Jan. 4, 18«; must, out July 9, 1SI„5. 

Christopher Slic-rle, enl. Feb. 4, 1804 ; died May 12, 1864, of wounds re- 
ceived in action at Wild.rneM, Va. 

Joseph Thomas, enl. Aug. 17, J861 ; re-enl. Dec, 26, 1863; mu^t. out July 
9, 1.963. 

EliThompson, enl. Aug. 17, 1861; re-enl. Dec. 26, ISO! ; must, out July 
9, 1863. 

Sheppard Thompson, enl. Aug 17,1.-61 ; re-enl. Dec. -26, 1863: mu-t.out 
June 22, 1863. 

Thomas Thrir.i«on, enl. Aug. 17, 1861 ; re-enl. Feb. 22, 1803 ; must, out 
July 9, 1S&3. 

Feli.i Thomas, enl. Aug. 17, 1801; re-enl. Dec. 26, 1«63; rais,ing in ac- 
ti..n at V.il.Ierness, Va.; siii iiosed dead. 

John '.v. W alters, enl. Aug. 17, 1861 ; re-enl. Dec. 26. 186:1. 



, 19, 1S61 ; 
re-enl. De. 



nl. Dec. 26, ISiri; i 
;, 1804; must, out 



CoiHpany K. 

1. Aug. 19. 186,1 ; re-enl. Dec. 26, 186.! ; Corp. April 1:'., 
1 July 9, 1865. 

John I. Karly. 
James Cassi.ly, enl. Aug. 19, 1861 ; ro-eul. Dec. 26, l.S(,3 ; must, out July 

9, 1805. 
John J. Earl.v. waconer, enl. Aug 

cut July 9, 18ia. 
John Glea.son, enl. Aug. 19, 1861; 

9, 1865. 
J..hn Hewett, enl. Aug. 19, 1.861 ; di.scb. disability Feb. 25, 1803. 
Hicliar.1 Hall, enl. Aug. 19, 1861 ; re-enl. Dec. 26. 18(3. 
Jacob B. Ilankiiis, enl. Aug. 19, 1S61; .liscli. disability Dec. 9, 1862. 
Charles Orr, enl. Aug. -24, 1861 ; must, out Aug. 24, 1864. 
Andrew Seeds, enl. Aug. 19, 1861 ; disch. disability Jan. 26, 1803. 
John W. Urison, enl. Aug. 24, 1861. 

S.ILEM COISTT. 
Company A. 
Charles Heitnian, enl. Aug. 9, 1861; discli. disability March :,, 1862. 
Jacob Ilncke, enl. Aug. 9, 1861 ; must, out Sept. 6, 1804. 
George Iletchner, enl. Aug. 9, 1861; missing in action at Wilderness 

May 6, 1864; supposed dead. 
Wen.lle Kiiiitz, enl. Aug. 9,1801; disch. disability Sept. 26, 1862. 
Christian Krouse, enl. Aug. 9, 1801; disdi. .March 21, 1863; paroled 



prii 



John W. RicliT 



Co,„p'itill B. 
an. 21, 1864; trans, t.. Co. I. 

Company D. 
nl. Feb, 22, 186,); trans, to Co. H. 



Comp'tny I. 



Company F. 
i William II. nriggs, enl. Aug. 1.), 1861 ; must, out Aug. 26, 1864. 
I John K. Iloktoii, enl. Aug. 13, 1861; died July 1, 1802. 

■ Company H. 

i Captain, J. W. Lumley; First Lieutenant, William Stillings; Second 

I Lieutenant, Charles W. Johnson. 

I William Dolson, eul. Feb. 22, 1865; must, out July 9, 18W. 

j Company A". 

i John M. Jlills, sergt.. enl. Aug. 19, 1861 ; re-enl. Dec. 26, 18C3; niu=t. 

out July 9, 1863. 
I John Foster, sergt., eul. Aug. 19, 1861 ; re-enl. Dec. 26, 1863 ; must, out 
i July 9, 1865. 

I Daniel Nelson, enl. Aug. 19, 1801 : must, out Jan. 24, 1803. 

William W. Palmer, sergt., enl. Aug. 19, 18iU ; killed in action Sept. 14, 
1802, at Crampt.in's Pass. 
' Charles D. Zane, sergt., enl. Aug. It, 1861 ; died March 17, 1862. 
' Edward B. Smith, orp., eul. Aug. 19, 1861. 

' Sheppard H. Flanigan, orp., enl. Aug. 19, 1861 ; killed in action June 
I 27, 1802, at Gainer' Farm. 

' James Chester, Corp., enl. Aug. 19, 1861 ; disch. disability Dec. 8, 1862. 
I Gideon S. Keen, Corp., enl. Aug. 19, 1861 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Jan. 
I 15, 1804 ; re-enl. Ajiril 20, 1804. 

i Thomas Marrion, Corp., enl. Aug. 19. 1861 : disch. disability June 6, 

1862. 
' Thomas Perry, corp,, enl. .\iig. 19, 1861 ; disch. disability JIarch 6, 180;>. 
' George D. Newman, Corp., en!. Aug. 19, 1801; disch. cisability Feb. 4, 
1S63. 

William Armstrong, enl. Aug. 19. 1801 : disch. .Usability Oct. 2:!, 1862. 

■ William Arnett, enl. Aug. 19, 1861; trajis. to Vet. Res. Corps July 1, 

1863: disch. Aug. 19,1864. 
William S. Ackley, enl. Aug. 19, 1801 : corp. May 1, ISiVi; sergt. Sept. 1, 

1863; re-enl. Dec. 26, 18l«: pro. 1st lieul. Jan. 31, 1865: brevet capt. 

April 2, 185.3. 
' George M.Br:inden', enl. Aug. 19,1861; re-enl. D.c. 26, 180:1 ; must, out 

July 9, 18.~,5. 
George W. Br,)wn, enl. Sept. 4, 1861 ; disch. Sept. 3, 186^. 
I-aac S. Bright, enl. Aug. 19, 1861 ; died Jan. 4, 1802. 
John Campbell, enl. Aug. 19, 1861; re-eul. Pec. 20, 1863; corp. May 1, 

1863; must, out July 9, 1865. 
Knoch C.)rdery, enl. Aug. 19, 1561 ; re-enl. Dec. 28, 186,3 ; sergt. Feb. 18, 

1665; must, out July 18, 1805. 
James Clianil)erlain, enl. Aug. 19, 1861 ; re-cnl. D.-c. 26, 1803 ; must, out 

July 9, 186,5. 



GENERAL HISTORY 

I. AUR. 19, ISGl ; re-cni. Doc. iS, 1863 ; dkd Murcli l:i. 



CI 



J<.lin Ool 

l8(^5. 

Martin V. Cllnlon, e'.il. Aug. IS, ISCl ; ivenl. Dec. iC. ISiW : Corp. Jan. 

1, 1J04; ninsl. onl Jnl.v 1. ISlVj. 
Robert C. Corli-s, enl. Aug. 19, isiil ; di^cb. disability March 21, 1S03. 
Cwrco W. ChRniborliiin, enl. .Inn. 2~, ISM ; ninst. out July 9, 1S05. 
Jobn !Jnini.ind,enl.Ai;i,'.:4,li-fll ; Inns, id Vet. Kcs. Coip- Sopl. l.lStVl. 
Isaac I. Ilulois enl. Sept. 4, Isiil ; kilKJ in action Jl»y \1, 1^04,31 

Spotts>lvani.i Court-Ilunsc, Va. 
Charles Bolbow-, cnl. Feb. 11, U-.M; curp. April 10, lS6o; must- out July 

9, lS6o. 
Saninel E. Ehvell, cnl S-pt. 4, ISnl ; rc-eul. Pec. 2'j, 1SG.1 ; trans, to Vet. 

Res. Corps J.m. 13, ISOo; discli. March JS, ISio. 
Joseph S. Forney, enl. Aug 19, ISCl : di-cli. dis.Hbilily Oct. 10. 1SC2. 
Charles U. Freas, enl. Aug. 19, IbCl ; must, out March 2.1, lM» ; paroled 

pri.soner. 
John Gallagher, enl. Aug. 19, ISCl : corp. M.irch 1, ISiVJ ; re-enl. Dec. 

2C, 1*1.3 ; sorgt. Sept. 14, 1864 ; must, nut July 0, IS65. 
Darld B. Herley, enl. Aug. 19, 1861 ; must, out Aug. 24, 1804. 
Wward Hancock, enl. Aug. 19, Ij.ll ; died Oct. 25, 1861. 
John C. U.adly, enl. Feb. 24, lo04; killed iu action May 12, 1804, at 

Siwttsylvana Court-Houie, Va. 
Amos Jones, enl. Aug. 19, 1861. 
George W. Kates, enl. .\ng. 19, 1801; trans to Vet. Res. Corps May 6, 

180:!; returned to comiBiny JIarcli 11, 15''-1: must, out Aug 26, 1864. 
Peter C. Keen, enl. Aug. 24. 1861 ; di,cli. dis;il.iiily March 6, IMJ. 
Kichman Kiger. enl Aug. 24, 1801 ; must, out March 18, 180.5; paroled 

prisoner. 
Wilham Kirkpatrick, enl. Jan. 13, 1802; disch. dis;iLility June 4, 1802. 
Enoch G. Loppr, enl. Aug. 19, 1801; re-enl. Dec. 26,1803; missing in 

action M.ay 0, 1804, at Wilderness, Va. 
Daniel M,asslandcr, enl. Aug. 19, UOl ; re-enl. Dec. 20, 1S63 ; disch. disa- 

bilily May IS, 18io. 
Benjamin M.ller. enl An;. 19, 1801; discli. disability Sept. 0, 18C-3. 
Samuel Orr, enl. Se|it. 4, 1801; killed in action May 12, 1804, at Spottsyl- 

vania Couit-llouse, Va. 
William H. Farmer, ei.l. Aug. 19, 1801; re-enl Dec. 26,136:;: trans, to 

Vet- Kes. Corps Jan. 10, 1865; died April 24. IsGo. 
Edward Poison, enl. Aug. 19, 1501 ; re-eul. Dec. :6, 1863; died Xot. 1, 

1S04; prisoner of war. 
John P. Price, enl. Aug. 19,1851; Corp. Jan. 10, 1802; disch disability 

March 4, l86i. 
Alonzo Peterson, eul. Sept. 4.1 SSI; killed in action May 0, ISM, atWil- 

dernes^ Va. 
Alfred Poison, enl. Jan. 21,1804; trans, from Co. B; disch. disability 

Feb. II, IMj. 
James P. Sp 11 ks, enl. Aug 19. IfOl; dcd June 7, 1802. 
William W. Slanly, enl. Aug. 19, IsO! ; rc-enl. Dec. 20, lSO:i ; must, out 

July 9. 180% 
John D. S.irgeut, enl. Aug. 19, 1.501; rc-enl. Dec. 20, 1803; corp. March 

4, 1804; seigt. April 1:J, lsO.5; must, out July 9, 1865. 
John S. Sharp, eid. Aug. 19, 1801 ; disch. di-ability April 25, 1802. 
Isaac Shute, enl. Aug. 19, 1801; re-enl. Dec. 26, 186:1; killed in action 

May 12, 1801, at Sp'.tr.sylvaiiia Court-Ilonse, Va. 
Thomas Shute, enl. Aui.'. 19, ISGl ; disch. disability Feb. 28. 18«. 
John Sliiite, enl. Aug. 19, 1,>01 ; re-enl. Dec. 20. 180:i; missing in action 

May 12, 1^C4, at Sliotlsylvaliia Coiirt-lloiise, Va. 
Eichard T. SinipUiiis, enl. Aug. 19, Isol ; dhscli. di-ability Oct. 1, 1802. 
George P.. Simlli, enl. Au^. 19. 1801; re-eul- Dec. 20, IsM; corp. Jan. 11, 

1SC4; mu-t. out July 9, 180,5. 
Richard Thomas, enl. Jan. 1.8, 1804; missing in action at Cold Harbor, 

June 1,1801. 
John VickeiB, eid. Aug. 19, ISCl ; re-enl. Dec. 20. 1803. 
Henry H. Vansant, enl. .=ept. 4, ISOI ; di-ch. diid.iliiy May 2i, 1862. 
Jeremiah Wright, cnl. Aug 19, 1801; d sch. disability Feb. 10, I80:i. 
James A. Wright, enl. Aug. 19, 18i',l;corp. 3Iay 1, I8ii:l; re-eul. Dec. 26, 

1863; died Feb. 1.5, D-Oo, priaoutr of war. 



Cov-v 



nl. Aug. 15, 1861; re-enl. Dec 26, 1SC3; must, out 
ill. Aug. 16, 1801; re-enl. Dec. 26, ISlU; must, out 



' Robert R. For 
July 9, isi 
David E. Fill.i 
July 9, 1.-'.^. 
i Albert Fisher, enl. Aug. 20, ISol; re-eul. Dec. 20, 1663; Corp. April 1, 
\ 18(0; must, ont July 9, 1805. 

: S.ininel lIo,)ten, enl. Feb. 9, 1804; must, out July 9, 18^5. 

Il.nry Woodland, enl. Aug. 23. 1801 ; killc-d in action Juno 27. l>0-2, at 
C.iineo' Farm. 

Cohipaiiij F. 

. William G, Eldridge, enl. Aug. 15, 1801 ; die.! July 4, 1802. 
Da\i.l Harris, enl. Dec. 15,1804; must, out July 9, 1865. 

CoTTij.uni/ H. 

Benjamin F. Mitchell, corp., enl. Aug. 17, 1861; died July 20, 1801, in 
j the hands of the enemy. 

I William C. Doughty, enl. Oct. IS, ISO; ; re-enl. Dec. 26, 1863; corp. Jan. 

2:l, 1863 ; must, out July 9, 18Co. 
' Thomas Fleet, enl. Aug. 17, 1801 ; re-enl. Dec. 26, lSC:i ; must, out July 

9,1805. 
; James Higgins, enl. Aug. 17, l-sO! ; re-enl. Dec. 20, 1S63 ; disch. July 9, 
: ISto. 

I William 0. Johnson, enl. Aug. 17, 1801 : trans, to Signal Corps ; disch. 
I Aug. 17, 181V1. 

! Willi.ini Leak, enl. Aug. 17, 1861 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps March Id, 
I 1804; disch. Aug. 18,1804. 

i George W. Slessick, enl. Aug. 17, 1861; disch. disability May 15, 1862. 
j George W. Mos^brooks. enl. Aug. 17, l.sOl ; disch. disabilily Iiec. 8, 1862. 
; Zechaiiah Martz, enl. Aug. 17, 1801; re-enl. Dec. 20, l80:i; must, out 
I July 9, 180.5. 

I John McClure, enl. Aug. 23, 1801 ; disch. June 4, 1862, for wounds. 

John B. Pancoiist, eul. Aug. 23, ISDl ; disch. disability Dec. 22, 1862. 

Elwood Robart, enl. Aug. 17, 1861 ; disch. disability Aug. 20, 1S62. 

Archibald Scott, enl. Aug. 17, 1861; corp. March 1, 186:1; re-enl. Dec. 
I 26, 1S63 ; sergt. March 2U, 1804 ; must, out July 9, 1865. 

i James Smith, enl. Aug. 17, 1801 ; re-enl. Pec. 26. lS.;i; must, out Aug. 

4, 1805. 
1 David Suiran, enl. Aug. 24, 1861 ; re-enl. Dec. 26, 1863 ; must, out July 
j 9. 1865. 

1 Isaiah Shaw, serg., enl. Aug. 17, 1801 ; pro 2d lieut. Co. B, Dec. 23. 1861. 
1 Abraham 51. Tice, enl. Aug. 17, 1801; Corp. March 1, ISOil ; re-enl. Dec. 
; 20, 180ci; sergt. JLirch 20, 1804; must out July 9, 1605. 

I Lenoai d Tice, enl. Aug. 17, 1861 : killed in action Dec. 1:5. 1802, at Fred- 
j ericksbnrg, Va. 

' Archibald Tice, eul. Aug. 17, 1861 ; re-enl. Dec. 20, ISM : must, .jut July 

9, 18Co. 
! Benjamin F. fpham, enl. Aug. 22. 1^01 ; rraus. to Vet. Re.s. C*rp3 March 
I 31, 1864; disch. Sept. 23, iei>4. 

I John Vai.horn, eul. Aug. 17; iMd; re-enl. Dec. 20, IS'M; orp. M.arch 

10, 18(V5 ; must, out July 9, 1805. 
I Joseph Vanhook, ei.l. Aug. 17, 1861 ; died Oct. 30, 1802. 
j Benjamin Verntn. enl. Oct. 2-8, 1801 ; re-enl. Dec. 20, 186:3; died June 
i 29, 18IV1. 

j James B. Wells, enl. Aug 17, 1^01 ; corn. March 1, 180.3; re-»nl. Dcc. 
I 20. 1803; sergt. March 20, 1804 : discli. di-al ility .Jan. 5, l-co. 

j Wiliiain W.stcott, enl. Aug 17, 1.501; killed in action Dec. 13, 1-kj, ai 
I Fredericksburg, ^'a. 

j Compa}iy K. 

i Robert Abbott, eul. Aug. 19, IcOl ; re-enl. Dec. 26, 1861; must, out July 
i 9,1805. 

I Henry Coleman, enl. Aug. 19, 1801 ; must, out Aug. 24, 1S.:4. 
I Anthony Craupp, enl. Sept. 4, 1S.;1 ; killed in action June 27, 1.^62, at 



Gain 



Charles J. Wilsoi, 



Cor.,i,a„y D. 
111. Feb 14, 1S05; musl 



I July 9, IS 



Covtft.imj E. 
incio I.^per, mn-ician, enl. Aug. 20, ISOl; trans, to Co. F. 
ram O. Blue, enl. Aug. l,',].sol; dis..h. disability Sept. 29, 
cu!. for one year; Li'ist. out July 9, IsOo. 



UH.M'TKK XIII. 
CIVIL \\-AB-.—{ro„tu,i,e<l.) 

Fifth, Sixth, and Seventh Regiments.— Com- 
pany F of tlie Fifth Regiment -.va-s almost ■.viioUy 
compo.sed of men from Salem County, Coinp.inie^ I 
an.'! K of tlic Sixth Reirinierit had in their rank.^ 



62 



UIs^TOUV OF GLOUrHSTHR, SALEM, AND CUM UKULAND COUNTIES. 



many from Gloucester and Cunilierland Comities, 
and Company II of the Seventh was largely made up 
of men from Gloucester. These reiriments served in 
the s;inie brigade, and as the histories of their cam- 
paigns are very nearly identical, they are here given 
in one narrative. 

These regiments, as well as the Eighth, were raised 
under a requisition made by President Lincoln on 
the 24th of July, ISCA, three day.s after the great 
di.saster at Bull Run. The regimental officers of the 
Fifth were: 

Colonel, Samuel II. Starr; Liiutenant-OvUincl, Horehom SIc.tt; M:ijor, 
William S. Tniex ; .tiijuta.it, Caldwell K. Hall ; Quart>rrax-ttr. 
Janies F. Kuslinp; Sur,.;eon. Janus C. Fi.-lier : Assistant Surgeon, 
Addison W. WocJliuU. 

Tlie Sixth wa.s otiicered as follows: 

Colooel, James T. IlatfiL-ld: Lieutenant-Colonel, Simpson K. Stroud; 
5I^jor, John P. Van L.-er: Adjutant. Leonard J. Gord.-u ; Quarter- 
master, Josefh Woodward: Surgeon, Jolin Wilev : Assistant Sur- 
geon, Bedford Sli;irpe. 



The officers of the 



enth were : 



C<ilonel, Joseph W. Kevere ; Lieutenaut-Colonel. Ezra A. Carman; Maj.jr, 

J.Dallas Mcintosh; Adjutant, Francis Price, Jr.; guarterniaster, ' 

Thomas P. Johnson : Surgeon, D. W. C. Hough : As3ist,ant Surgeon, I 

Alvin Satterlhwaite; Cbaplain. Julius A. Rose. j 

The Fifth reported for duty in Washington on the 
30th of August, the Sixth on the 11th of September, 
and the Seventh on tlie 20th of September, 18GL 
Along with the Eighth they constituted the Second 
Brigade of New Jersey troops, under the command, 
at first of Col. Starr, and the brigade made its first 
camp at Meridian Hill, near Washington. 

About the 1st of December tlie brigade moved 
to Budd's Ferry, Md., some forty-five miles below 
AVashington, and became the Third Brigade of Gen. 
Hooker's division. This division was at that time 
encamped along the Potomac, from Mattawoman 
Creek to Liverpool Point. On the south side of the 
river, opposite the position of Hooker's division, the 
rebels had erected formidable batteries at Shipping 
Point, Cockpit Point, and Evansport, for the purpose 
of closing tlie navigation of the river. The evacua- 
tion of Manassas by the rebels, however, rendered 
the holding of these batteries inexpedient, and about 
the 8th of M;irch, 1802, they were abandoned. When 
this fact became known Gen. Hooker ordered a de- 
tachment of five hundred men of the Fifth, under 
Lieut.-Col. Mott, to cross the river and seize and oc- 
cupy the abandoned position. This was the lir^t im- 
portant duty performed by the men of this brigade. 
The detachment found four pieces of artillery and a 
large quantity of stores which the enemy, in his h:isty 
retreat, had abandoned, and the po.-ition was occu- 
pied for a time. 

The brigade remained quietly encamped till the 
first week in the following April, when, with its di- 
vision, it was transferred to York River, Va., jilaced 
under tlie command of Gen. J. E. Patterson, and in- 
corporated with the Army of the Potomac to jiartici- 



pate in the Peninsular campaign. Its first position 
was in I'ront of the strong works of the enemy at 
Yorktown. 

On the morning of Sunday, May 4tli. it was learned 
th;it the Confederate line, stretching southward from 
Yorktown to the mouth of Warwick River, had been 
abandoned, and the Union army started in pursuit of 
the retreating enemy. The Second Xew Jersey Bri- 
gade passed throuirh Yorktown, and bivouacked t'or 
the night in a swamp on the Williamsburg road, 
about seven miles beyond Yorktown. At two o'clock 
in the morning of the oth it started from this bivouac, 
and struggled througli d;\rkness, mud, and drenching 
rain towards its first battle-field, — th:it of ^Villianl<- 
burg. At that place the enemy were in heavy force 
and strongly posted, their nuiiii work. Fort Magru- 
der, commanding the road, and a broad "shisliing" 
on eacli side of it, with a line of about twenty strong 
redoubts, stretching I'rom the fort, in both directions, 
across the Peninsula, from river to river. On the ar- 
rival of the force in front of this apparently impreg- 
nable position, at about half-piast seven in the morn- 
ing, tiie undaunted Hooker at once moved to the 
attack. Two batteries were advanced on the right of 
the road, with the Fifth to support them. The Sixth, 
Seventh, and Eighth were formed in line on the left 
of the road, and ordered forward. Foster says of the 
action which ensued, "Steadily advancing througli 
the underbrush, the gallant regiments soon came 
upon the enemy's forces, and at once opened a vigor- 
ous fire. Here, for three hours, tlie conflict raged 
witli desper;ite fury. Commanding the ground .it 
every point, the fire of the enemy was pitilessly de- 
structive, and did not slacken a moment. But the 
br;ive men into whose faces it Wiis poured stodd 
firmly and unfiinchingly. sometimes, indeed, pushed 
back a little space, but as surely huriiug the rebels, 
bleeding anil shattered, back to their works. From 
the nature of the ground there was no opportunity 
lor tile bayonet, but tlie rapid volleys of our heroic 
troojis were scarcely less eliective. And thus the bat- 
tle ratred, the enemy, reiuibrced again and again, 
directing against these three regiments all the fury of 
their attack, but still the little column stood immovti- 
ble. At last, however, the enemy, driven now to des- 
peration, rushed forward in overwhelming numbers, 
pouring a terrific fire into our whole line. Then at 
last that line wavered. Their :iinmnnition exhausted, 
their muskets rusted by the drenching rain, their 
ranks terribly thinned, exhausted by want of food 
and a diflScult march, these heroes of the day before 
this la-st overwhelming onset fell slowly back. But 
they were not deleate<l. They had held the enemy 
in check, had l'rustr;Ued every attempt to flank our 
position, and so had saved the divi-iun which, but for 
this' stubborn resist:ince, v,-ould h:ive been swept in 
disaster I'rom the field.'' 

The Fifth hai! maintaiiidl its position in su|>port 
of tlie batte:-ics, under a trenieiidous Mre of nmsketrv 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



63 



;iiiil arlillory, (iuriiiLT 
iiIh'1 iiiraiitry cliarL' 
niccoj. the reaimoiii 



lour^, atiil at last, when the 
iiui caiitiirfi some of tlie 
e a couiiter-eharire, carrie'l 
;in advanced position, and held it throiiirh the remain- 
der of the day, maintaining a eonlinnons and most 
dortruetive lire on tlie enemy for fully four hours. 
I'inally the gallant Kearney threw his division into 
the lire, assaulting the Confederate line with desperate 
iiiipeluo>ity, and tlie battle became more furious than 
:it any time before. An imiiortaiit portion of the 
enemy's works was carried, and night closed with the 
Union arms victorious along the entire line. The 
enemy retreated during the night, taking the road to 
Kichmond, and leaving their dead and wounded on 
the field. In this sanguinary conflict the losses of 
Hooker's division aggregated nearly sixteen hundred ■ 
men, of which the New Jersey brigade sustained ! 
more than its proportionate share. 

Three days after the battle the brigade moved with j 
its division toward Richmond. On the evening of 
the 31st of May, at the battle of Fair Oaks, the Third 
Corps, including the Fifth and Sixth (the Seventh 
and Eighth were detailed on other duty), moved for- 
ward, reached the front line at dark, went into posi- 
tion, and so remained through the nitrht. 

The battle was renewed on the following day (sun- 
day, June 1st), and the Fifth and Sixth New Jersey 
led the .idvaiice, with Geu. Hookcr in per-on at their 
head. The enemy was soon found, and during nearly 
three hours raged tlie battle, in which the New Jer- 
sey regiments fully sustained the reputation they had 
gained at Williamsburg. Ry reason of the illness of 
Gen. Patterson, Col. Starr, of the Fifth, was in com- 
mand. In his report of th'^ battle lie said, — 

'■The r..ad and tlio fiel.la on Iwth silesof the rund were tlironged with 
flying reginienls fiom tlie battle-grouua two or three miles in front, 
thruiigh ubjse routed und disorderly matses I vas compelled to force 
my way with bayonet and sabre. At seven .^.Sl.. on the 1st instant, tlie 
Fifth and 5i.\th New Jersey marched forward (Gen. Patterson still being 
Very ill), and were actively engaged from about a quarter Jiast seven 
i.ll. until a quarter to ten A.M., two and a half hours, with the enemy, 
the Filth regiment losing four privates killed, three ofBcers and fifty- 
one men wounded, and two privates missing; total, ^i.\ty- . . . The lo-s 
of the Si.tth Regiment has not yet been reported to me, but is consider- 
.ihly less. . . . Credit being but reluctantly accorded to this brigade for 
their services, its members look inwards and upwards for their reward. 
The Fifth and Si.xth Kegimenls have been for four days and nights 
under arms in battle reconnoi<sance, and in holding the most advanced 
l-.iition on this flank of the army. They are still un.ler arms, and see 
no piospect of an hour's rest for days to come. They have been exposed 
niglit and day to deluges of rain, .and have suffered every species of pri- 

The loss of the Sixth Regiment in the battle of 
Fair Oaks was twenty-one killed and wounded. The 
two regiments bivouacked in their position on the 
night of the 1st, and on the 2d of June advanced and 
occupied the ground recovered from the enemy. On 
the 2.5th of June they took [lart in a battle fought a 
.short distance in front of the old battle-ground of 
Fair Oaks, and here again they fought mo-t bravely. 

In the retreat to the James River, which com- 
menced on the 28th of June, the brigade was ordered 



to the rear, which is the post of honor and of danger 
in ;i retreat, and was frei|uently under fire. It sus- 
tained slight losses at Glendale (June 30th 1, and at 
ilalvern Hill (July 1st), but was not otherwise en- 
gaged. It readied Harrison's Landing on the lid, 
and there went into camp. A few weeks later it took 
part in the second battle of Malvern Hill, which was 
only an inconsiderable ali'air. This was the last fight- 
ing done by this brigade in the Peninsula. Its losses 
in the Peninsular campaign amounted to six hundred 
and thirty-four in killed and wounded alone. 

On the 21st of August, 1SG2, the brigade moved 
down the Peninsula, and at Yorktown embarked on 
transportsfor Alexandria, to reinforce the overmatched 
army of Gen. Pope. From Alexandria it proceeded 
on the 25th toWarrenton Junction, whence it marched 
rapidly to Bristoe Station, where it participated in a 
severe battle on the 27th. It was again in action at 
Bull Run on the 29th, and at Chantilly on the 30th. 
In all these battles the brigade fully sustained its pre- 
vious good reputation. 

From this campaign the brigade returned to Alex- 
andria, wdiere it remained (taking no part in the An- 
tietam campaign) till the 1st of November. From 
that time till the 2i)th it was engaged in a series of 
unimportant movements, but at the last-named date 
it set out for Falmouth, where it arrived on the night 
of the 2Sth. This was a severe march for the men, 
who were without rations, and many of them nearly 
barefooted. During this march the brigade com- 
mander. Gen. Patterson, died suddenly in his tent, 
and the command devolved on Col. Joseph ^V. Revere, 
of the Seventh Regiment. 

At the battle of Fredericksburg, on the 13th of De- 
cember. 1862, the New Jersey brigade was not actu- 
! ally engaged, though it moved across the river, and 
: remained in position during the conflict. It was for 
a time under a heavy fire, but sustained no loss, ex- 
I cept that of one man killed in the Seventh Regin!ent. 

■ During the night following the battle it returned to 
the north side ol the river, and made its winter quar- 
ters in its former camps. 

At the battle of Chancellorsville in May, ISiiS, the 
brigade (to wdiich had been added a New York and 
a Pennsylvania regiment) was under th.e command 
: of Col. Mott, of the Fifth Regiment. It crossed the 
! river on the 1st of May, but was engaged in guarding 
; the fords till about G P.M. of the 2d, when it was or- 
dered to the front to aid in retrieving the disaster 
i caused by the disgraceful panic and flight of the 
: Eleventh Corps. By rea,son of the wild disorder on 
the field it did not reach the position as-signed to it 
till about 2 A.M. on the 3d. At half-past four it was 
advanced a short distance towards the front, where it 
occupied a breastwork, which it stubbornly held 
during two hours; against several fierce as,;ailt.sof the 
en\;inv ; but it was at last compelled to withdraw. It 

■ was reformed iu the rear of the Chancellor House, 
and soon charged and captured the assaulted work, 



64 



HISTOKY OK GLOIR'KSTKU, SALKM, AND Cl'.M IIHIILAXI) COUXTIKS. 



pluiiting tlio Union colors on it. The position could 
not, however, be liciil except :it tlie pioljuble sacrifice 
of nearly the entire coniniainl, and tlie brigade with- 
drew to take position in the new line that had been 
formed in the rear of tlie Chancellor House. In this 
battle the fighting was terrific, and the New Jersey 
regiments lost heavily. The brigade remained on the 
field till the 6tli of Jlay, when it recrossed the Rappa- 
hannock and occupied its former camps. 

In the battle of Gettysburg the brigade was engaged 
in the thickest of the tight on the 2d of July, and 
sustained repeated assaults of the enemy's inl'antry 
with unflinching braverj'. It was also engaged on 
the 3d, but less iieavily. The total loss of the brigade 
in this battle was five hundred and thirteen. 

After this battle it crossed the Potomac with tlie 
army, and encanijiedat Bealeton, Va. On the loth of 
October it was engaged in a fight with the enemy's 
cavalry and infantry at McLean's Ford, losing about 
thirty men. During the remainder of the year it 
participated in the movements of the army, but it 
was not engaged in battle. It went into winter quar- 
ters near Brandy Station. 

Jlay 4, 1864, the brigade, which had become a part 
of the Second Army Corps, crossed the Eapidan at 
Ely's Ford, and marched, with other bodies of troops, 
into the Virginia wilderness. . It was engaged on the 
5th and the Ctli, .uiu again, at SpoU.-yl\aiiia Court- 
House, on the 10th. The llth was a day of compar- 
ative quiet, but on the 12th it was engaged in the ter- 
rific battle of that day at Spottsylvania. The conduct 
of these regiments in that figlit was such as to elicit 
the highest commendations, and to add lustre to their 
already brilliant record. The result of the struggle 
was not decisive, but the fighting had been so tremen- 
dous that both belligerents were exhausted, and, as if 
by mutual consent, hostilities were suspended during 
the succeeding two days. The brigade fought again 
on the 15th, with slight loss. It was subsequently 
engaged, on the 23d and 24th, at Chesterfield Bridge, 
a few days later at Tolopotomy, and on June 3d in 
the bloody battle at Cold Harbor, where it suffered 
severely. On the 7th it was at Baker's ilill, on the 
Chickahominy, and remained there until the 12th. It 
then moved to the James River, crossed that stream 
on the 14th, and arrived in front of Petersburg on the 
following day. On the IGth and ISth it took part in 
fierce and bloody assaults on the enemy's lines, and 
during three days afterward the fighting was almost 
continuous. Another heavy assault was made on the 
23d, but after that there was a lull in the fighting till 
the end of tlie month. Up to that time the brigade 
had lost iieavily in that campaign. 

The movements of the forces inve-ting Petersburg 
from this time until its cupuire were too numerous 
and complicated to be mentioned in detail. It is .suf- 
ficient to say that in all these operations during the 
summer and fall of 18G4 and the spring of 18Go, down 
to the closing scene at Appomattox, the regiments of 



the Second New Jersey Brigade bravely and nobly 
performed all the duties that devolved on them, and 
fully sustaineil the good name which they had ac- 
quired. The war was virtually ended with the sur- 
render of Gen. Lee. and on the 2d of May, 1SG5, the 
brigade left Burkeville .Station for the march home- 
ward. It passed through Richmond on the 0th, ar- 
rived at Arlington on the I'lth, and took part in the 
grand review at Washington on the 23d of ^lay. A 
few days later the men were transported to Trenton, 
where they were disbanded, and returned to their 
homes. 

FIFTH EKGIMENT. 

Salem Countt. 

Band. 

James E. Pngh, Thomas Kosersnn, Alfred Sjiarks, William Emery, De- 
laney Tngh .larvis K. 5Iulfor.i, William H. Bilderliack, Dlameiit 
Wliitaker,— all mustereJin Oct. 4, IsGl.aiiJ mnsteml out .\ug. 
and 10, 1SC2. 

CoT^ipany F. 

Captain, Koswell F. Reynolds; Finst Lieutenant, Edward A. Atton; Sec- 
ond Lieutenant, Tlionias C. Godfrey. 

Tlieodore F. Null, sernt., enl. Aug. -Ji, ISlil ; pro. id lieut., Cu. I, 12th 
Ke=t.,July9. ISCi. 

John Eunis, sergt , cnl. Aug. 22, IsGl ; died of typhoid fever at Fairfax, 
Va., April 4, 1604. 

Charles P. Frazer, sergt., enl. Aug, 22, ISGl ; disch. disability July 31, 
1S112. 

John L. King, sergt., enl. Aug. 22, ISCl : disch. Sept. 7, liii;4. 

Thomas J. Lacy, Corp.,.: ul. Aug.22. IS'.I ; disch. disaliility Nov.30, 1S61. 

William Graham, Corp., enl. Aug. 22, ISCl ; disch. disability March 2(;. 
1S63. I 

Richard McPherson, Corp., enl. Aug. 22, 1S61 ; disch. disability March 
15, 1862. 

Chailes Riiiks, corp , dnmi-maj.. and sergt., enl. Aug. 22, ISOl ; killed 
at Chancellorsville, Va., M.iy 3, 1>S3. 

John H. Williams, Corp., enl. .\ug. 22, 1S51 ; must, out Sept. 7, 1S64. 

J.jseph S. Plumnier, Corp., eul. Aug. 22, 1S61; disch. disability Fell. I'J, 
ISM. 

William Megill. corp , enl. Aug. 22. \!>rA ; mu<t. out Sept. 7, Um. 

Nathan Birch, c..rp., enl. Xov. 30, ISGl ; died June 2i, 1SC2, of wounds 
received in action at Fair Oaks, Va. 

Willi. im Hutchinson, Corp., oul. .\ng. 22, 1S61; trans, to Co. F, 7th 
Regt. ; sergt. Xov, 24, ISO:!; re-enl. Dec. 26, 180:}. 

Eichard F. Robinson, musician, enl. .\ug. 22, 1S61 ; disch. Oct. 26, iSCi, 
to join regu'ar army. 

John Logan, mu-i.ian,eul. Aug. 22, 1S61 ; trans, to Co. F, 7th Regt. ; re- 
enl. Dec. 2i), lsii3. 

Steward Spears, wagoner, enl. Aug. 22, 1S61 ; disch. disabdity Starch Li. 

1S62. 

Privates. 

Juhn Ander^n, enl. Aug. 22, ISCt ; must, out Sept, 7, 1804. 
Mnn.r A|.|il.gate, enl. Aug. 22, It'Ul ; niil.,t. out Sept. 7. l,'iC4. 
Willi. ini Appbgare. enl. Aug. 22, 1801 ; trans, to Co. F, 7lh Kegt. 
William A. llaker, .Ir., enl Aug. 22, ItMl ; tiaus. to Vet. Iles.Ojri.- .luly 

l.ls.iJ; disch. Aug. 23, ISM. 
Joseph Il:.nki, enl. Aug.22, ISOl; disch. Feb. 5, 18C:i, wounds received 

Willi., m Birch, enl. Aug. 22, ISiU; died May IS, 1602, of wounds re- 
ceived III acli.in at Williamsburg. 

John J. Cvlgan, cnl. Oct. 22. liiCl ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps .Sov. If:^ 
18i',3; di>ch. Nov. 22, 1S65. 

John Connolly, eul. Aug. 2.j. 180.3; died at Belle Isle, Va., Feb. 9, 18i:4, 



pnsi 



rof ■ 



tWilderne 



Lawrence Carrol, enl. Aug- 20, lh03 ; kiikd ir. 

May C, 1SC4. 
George Uruniond, enl. Aug. 22, ISGl ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps April 10, 

UIA : diseh. Aug. 22, 1804. 
Richard li. Fisber, eul. Aug. 22, 1801 ; committed suicide (insane) Sept. 

5, 1S02. 
William Frazer, enl. Aug. 22, 1861; db'd Sept. 11, 1802, of wounds 

received at R.ill Run. 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



65 



J.-(ti\> M. FraJiT, enl. Ang. 22. IsfSl ; ti 

l.^, 1S64 ; disch. M>f. 23, 1S64. 
I,».H,- S. Frazcr, OTil. Oct. 7, l!-Cl; rtisch. Feb. C, IS'a, for wo 

ceiveil ill Ki-tion. 
Frcli-ric Green, fiil. .Kii;. 2-J,lSr.l ; dlsch. Oct- i6, l.-C2,to join 



to V.-l. Res. Corps Murcli 
uds r.- 



.Mb.ii.^is H. Grosscup, eiil. Aui. 22, ISGl ; must. ..ut Sept. 7, ISM. 

George W. Green, eiil. .4lig. 22, 1861 ; must, out Sept. 7, 1,-64. 

I.enis Girlucli, enl. .^ng. 22, ISfll ; trails, to Vet. Res. Corps Sept. 30, 

IjOJ; discli. Aug. 22, ISlVi. 
Cliarlea \V. Hull, enl. Ang. 22, 1S61 ; discli. di-al.ilit.v March 4, 1S63. 
Enos lleadley. enl. Ang. 22, 1S61 ; disch. disiibility Sept. 24, 1S02. 
lioiijiiniin H.irris,eul. Ang. 22, ISGl ; disch. disiiliilit.v Jiil.v HO, 1SG2. 
Horace lleiidle.v, enl. Aug. 22. ISOl; disch. dis,Uii»ity Feb. .=., lSf.:i. 
lleiir.v Hendrickson, enl. Aug. 22, l!-61 ; died JIn.v 10, lS'i2, of di.irrhica. 
Alfred P. nalter. enl. Aug. 22, 1S61 ; trans, to Vet. Kea. Corps April 10, 

lSt>4; disch. Sept. 5, 1SG4. 
DaviJ A. Halter, enl. Aug. 22, IJIjl ; mist, out Sept. 7, 1SG4. 
Kichard Hutchinson, enl. Aug. 22, ISiil ; must, out Sept. 7, iSii4. 
William Llo.vd. enl. Aug. 22, 1S61; trans, to Co. F, 7th Kegt. ; re-enl. 

Feb. 25, 1S134. 
Elam M»j-hew, enl. Aug. 22, ISOl ; disch. Oct. 26, 1S62, to join regular 

army. 
William Merrion, enl. Aug. 22, IRU ; disch. disability Not. 30, 1S61. 
I6.iac Xichols, enl. Aug. 22, ISOl ; disch. disability Fob. 28, 1S63. 
DaTis Nelson, enl. Aug. 22, 1S61 ; missing in action at Chancellorsville, 

May .1, 1663. 
James T. Odeni, enl. Aug. 22, 1S6I; Corp. Aug.l, 1SS2; sergt. March 1, 

ISM : re-enl. _Dec. 26, ISCJ ; pro. 2d lieut. Co. A Oct. 13, 1S04. 
John P. riummer, enl. Aug. 22, 1S61; died Dec. 2:5, 1861, of diarriuea. 
Ale.Naiider Robinson, enl. Aug. 22, 1S61 ; must, out Sept. 7, 1S64. 
};nimor A. Robinson, enl. Aug. 22, ISGl ; must, out Sept, 7, 1S64. 
Elisha W. Reed, eul. Aug. 22, ISGl ; trans, to Co, F, 7th Regt. ; re-enl. 

Feb. 25, 1664. 
James J. Reeves, enl. Aug. 22, 1861 ; must, out Sept. 7, 1S64. 
ri.irb s K, l:ce\ ej, eul. Aug. 22, i,-Gl ; must, out Sept. 7, lSu4. 
Samuel Kay, eul. .\ug. 22, ISGl: Corp. Xov. 1, 18G2; must, out Sept. 7, 

1S64. 
James Ray, eul. Aug. 29, 1861 ; corp. .\iig. 1, 1S62: must, out Sept. 7, 

1664. 
William J. Kusling, enl. Dec. 24, 1861; sergt.-maj. Sept. 1, 1862. 
James Scanlin, enl. Aug. 22, 1S61 ; trans, to Co. F, 7th Kegt. 
l:iias P. Seely, enl. Aug. 22, ISGl ; must, out Sept. 15, 15564. 
William 31. Siegers, enl. .\ug. 22, 1S61 ; must out Sept. 7, 1864. 
Christian Sour, enl. Aug. 22, 1864; must, out Sept. 7, 1SG4. 
Peter H. Simpkins, enl. .Vug. 22, 1S61 ; trans, to Co. F, 71h Regt. ; re- 
enl. Feb. 25, 1S«. 
John H. Smith, enl. Aug. ;2, 1801 ; died Sept. 16, 1S62. 
Daniel Sheets, enl. Aug. 22, 1361 ; disch. Oct. 26, 1S62, to join regular 

army. 
Samuel H. Slierron, enl. Aug 22, 1861 ; trans, to Co. — , 7th Regt. ; re- 
enl. Dec. 31,1862. 
William C. Silver, enl. Aug. 22, 1861 ; disch. disiibilily Jan. 4, 1864. 
Walter Sheets, eul. Aug. 22, ISGl; disch. Oct. 26, 1S62, to join regular 

army. 
Calvin C. Turpin, enl. Aug. 22, ISGl ; trans, to Co. F, 7th Regt. ; re-enl. 

Doc. 26, 1863. 
Charles Van Meter, enl. Aug. 22, 1861; di^ch. Ott. Ji-,, 1862, to j^iiu regu- 

Thomas J. Willis, enl. Aug. 22, 1861 ; killed in action at Chancellorsville 

May 3, 18Gi; Corp. Nov. 1, I.-C2. 
Smith Wentzell, enl. Aug. 22, 1861 ; disch. Xov. 18, 1862, disability. 
Smith Willis, enl. Aug. 22, 1861; killed in action before Petersburg .lune 

Is, 1SC4. 
•■■■llins D. Williams, eul. Aug. 22, 1861 ; mi 
Jonathan Wectzell, enl. Aug. 22, 1861 ; tr 

enl. Feb. 25, 1864. 
Jani.-s Whalen, enl. Aug. 20, 1S63. 



Mallhias Heildenbach, enl. Oct. 17, ISCl; died Nov. 4, 1SG2, of wounds 

received In action. 
Jacob Meyers, enl. S'ov. II, ISGl; died Dec. 30, 1.-63, of wounds received 

iu action at tTottysbiirg. 
Thomas B. Hoberls, enl. Oct. 10, 1861 ; disch. dis.ahility June 4. 18M. 
William Smith, enl. Nov. 12, 1S61 ; trans, to Co. E, 7lh Regt. 
Thomas W. Stanley, enl. Dec. 5, 1861 ; must, out Oct. 16, 1S64. 
John Smalley, enl. Oct. 11. 1861 ; disch. disability March 16, 1SC2. 
Williiim H. Viuiiig, enl. Oct. S, l.vGl ; corp. July 11, 1862; sergt. Sept. 1, 

1S62; disch. Jan 29, 1803. 

Comjhwj G. 
Thomas M. P.arker, ciil. Nov. 10, ISGl. 
Samuel S. Br.i.lw.ay, enl. Oct. 21, ISGl ; disch. Oct. 26, 1862, to join reg- 



ula 



">■■ 



Charles Booth, enl. J.an. 21, lSi.3 ; wounded and niis«ing in action, sup- 
posed dead. 

Jacob Baier, eul. Oct. 17, ISGl ; disch. May 17, 1864. 

James S. Flanagan, eul. Dec. 2, ISGl ; disch. Nov. 24, 1S62, for wounds re- 
ceived in action at Bull Run. 

John L. Friant, enl. Oct. 21, 1S61 ; died Dec. 11,1862, of rheumatism. 

Andrew Grant, enl. Oct. 18,1861; disch. Oct. 26, 1SG2, to join regular 
army. 

Davids. Ptinzing, eul. Oct. 18,1861; disch. disability Nov. 5, 1862. 

Charles S. Stauuton, eul. Nov. 6, 1861 ; disch. Oct. 26, 1862, to join regu- 
lar army. 

Company I, 

William Graves, enl. Dec. 14, ISGl; died Sept. 2, 1862. 
Richard Smith, enl. Oct. 10, 1861 ; trans, to Co. G, 7th Regt.; rc-enl.Feb. 
25, 1864. 

CUMBEKL.1ND CoiNTY. 

Company F, 

Private.'. 

Richard P. Ogden, corp. and sergt., eul. .\ug. 22, 1S61 ; must, out Sept. 

7, 1864. 
Enos A. Beckett, enl. Aug. 22, 1861 ; disch. disability Dec. 30, 1862. 
Nathan Camt^'rn. enl. Aug. 22, 1861 ; must, out Sept. 7, 1S04. 
John Davis, enl. Ang. 22, ISGl; disch. dis.ability Oct. 20, 1802. 
Jonathan Hnsled, enl. Feb. 18, 1802 ; trans, to Co. F, 7th Eegt. 
Charles Piersou, enl. Aug. 22, 1S61 ; disch. Oct. 26, 1862, to join regular 



Co. F, 7th Regt.; 



J.amea M. Welsh, enl. Aug. 22, 1861 ; tni 
Feb. 25, 1SG4. 

SIXTH REGIMENT. 
Gloicester Coi-.NTV. 
Company F. 
George W. Matlack, till. Aug. 7, ISGl; disch. disability Jan. 7, 1863. 

Company G. 
James Build, enl. Aug. 0, 1861; killed in action May ,5, 18G2, at Wil- 



5Ic 



oes B. Cox, enl. Aug. 0, 1861 : must, out Sept. 7, ISa. 
aes S. Porch, enl. .4iig. 0, 1861 ; corp. Sept. 10, 1862 ; must, out Sept. 
10, 1864. 
xwell T. Toy, enl. Aug. 9, 1S61 ; disch. disability May 31, 1862. 



utSept. 7, 1S61. 

ro Co. F, 7th Regt. ; 



Company D. 
John M. Kiger, enl. Oct. 7, 1861 ; disch. Feb. 2, 186.3, disability. 
Ju,e|ih Kiger, eol. Oct. 7, 1861; disch. Oct. 26, 18G2, to join regular army. 
William II. Kigor, enl. Oct. 7, 1361; disch. Oct. 26, 1802, to join regular 

Comp'itiy E. 
Jccob AiMlman, sergt., enl. Oct. 16, ISGl ; trans, to Co. E, 7'h Kogt. ; 
Corp. May 24, 18G2 ; sergt. Ve\,. 1, 1663 ; re-enl. Jan. 4, IfU. 



Company I, 

Oliver R. Collins, Corp., enl. -Vug. 9, 1801 ; must, out Sept. 7, 1864. 

Joseph Brown, enl. Aug. 9, 1S61 ; disch. disability April 18, 1863. 

William ItrowD, enl. Aug 9, ISGl; re-enl. Dec. 27, lS6:i; killed in action 
at Wilderness May 6, 1864. 

Willi, ini S. Bradford, enl. Aug. 9, 1861; trau-. to Co. F, 8th Regt.; re- 
enl. Dec. 27, 1863. , 

Aden Chew, enl. Aug. 0, 1861 ; died Feb. 20, 18G2, of typhoid fever. 

Edward E«en, Jr., enl. Aug. 9, 1861 ; killed in action Aug. 29, 1862, at 
Bull Run. 

LcwU M. Gibson, enl. Sept. 10, 1861 : disch. dis.ability May 31, 16i>t. 

Bernard Ginlay, enl. Nov. 22, 1861. 

Edward B. Hood, enl. Aug. ^ ISGl ; disch. disability March 2.5, 1863. 

Michael Hartzell, enl. Feb. 20, 1862; disch. disability Sept. 20, 1SC2. 

James W. Iiisco, eul. Aug. 9, 1801 ; disch. di-ability Feb. 6, 1803. 

Samuel Kendrick, enl. Aug. 9, 18ii! ; disch. May 22, 1862, paroled pris- 

Howard F. Matlack, enl. Sept. 9, 1861 ; must, out Sept. 7, 1864. 

George W. .Mooney, enl. Ang. 9, ISCl ; died Aug. I.'i, 1864, at AndeifOu- 



66 



HISTORY OF GLOUCESTER, SALEM, AND CUMBERLAND COUNTIES. 



John Sands, eiil. Aug. 0, ISCl ; disch. diMibilily Feb. 2:1, 1S63. 
Charles V. Shine, tul. Aug, 9, ISiJl ; disoli. rtiiililily Feb. 2S, lM;:i. 
John C. Torney, enl. Auj;. 9, 1S61 : died Sluy 12, lSi;2, of wounds 

ceived at WiUinm^burg. 
Is3;iC Tnicy, enl. Aiiff. 9, IS61 : must, out Sept. 13, 1S6«. 
Jesse H. Berry, enl. Aug. 9, ISGl ; die.1 June 1, ISG:'., of wounds recei 

at Chancellorsville. 
Joseph Cheoscnian.enl. Aug. 9, ISGl ; disch. di.sabilily April 27, lSt.1 
Beiy'amin F. Christy, enl. Aug. 9, ISGl. 

S.\LE.V CorxTV. 



th, draft,,! June 21, ISCl : di."l Jan. 11, IS05. 



Edw.trd Ostuer 
liaiusburg. 



ul. No 



Compajv/ I. 
. S, 1S61 ; killed in action 3tav 5, 1S02, at Wil- 



Voj})pa}iy A'. 
William II. Lawrence, enl. Aug. 9, ISGl; trans, to Co. G, Slh liegt.; re- 

enl. Feb. 22, IS61. 
Thomas M. Long, enl. Aug, 0, 1S6I ; disch, dis.ibility July 21, ISC:. 
■William rroiid, Jr., enl. Aug.9. isi'il; killed in action June 1, lSo2, at 

Fair Oaks, 
William V. Kol.inson, enl. Sept. 17, IS61; trans, to Co. G, Sth Kegt.; re- 

enl. Feb. 22. Ut)4. 
Jlanlief W. Keynolds, eid. Sept. 17, ISld ; disch. disability Dec. 9, ISlU. 
Wheaton II. Watson, enl. Aug. 17, ISCJ; trans, to Vet. lies. Corps May 

1,1S64. 
John H. Wdkins, enl. .May li., Is64 ; trans, to Co. G, >th Rest. 

CVMBF.EIJ.ND Couxrr. 
Company E. 

Lewis R. L. Blizzard, enl. Aug. 9, ISGl ; disch. disability June 9, 1.^62. 

Francis A. Gaskill, enl. Aug. 9, 1S6I ; disch. disability May 3, lSii4. 

Isaac T. Garton, enl. Aug. 9, ISCl; tnms. to Co. G, Sth Regt. ; Corp. 
I!i62; re-eni, Jau.4, 1SC4; sergt. June 1, 1SC4. 

John Gagger, enl. Aug. 9, ISOl ; killed in action Aug. 29, 1SG2, at Bull 
r.ua. 

William H. II. Ililyaid, enl. Aug. 9, 1*61; discli. disability Feb. 7, 1S63. 

James U. Ilust.'d, enl. Aug. 9, ISOl ; disch. Jan. 16. ISiii, wounds re- 
ceived in actiou. 

George W. Hall, enl. Aug. 9, 1S61 ; trans, to Co. F, Sth Regt.; Corp. Oct. 
3, 1SG2 ; s-.-rgt. Jan. 16, 1SG3; re-enl. Feb. 22, lb64. 

Joseph W. Heudersou, enl. Aug. 9, ISGl ; trans, to Co. G, Sth Kegt.; re- 
enl. Feb. 22, 1SC4. 

Henry Ilailey, enl. Oct. 3, 1.S61. 

William F. Joslyn, enl. Aug. 9, ISGl ; disch. disability Oct. 17, lSf.2. 

Elias P. Jones, enl. Aug. 9, ISGl ; re-enl. Feb. 22, 1S64 ; killed in action 
June 18, 1S04, before Peter.-burg, Va. 

Joseph C. Love, enl. Aug. 9, ISGl ; died May 21, Ij62, of wounds re- 
ceived in action at Williamsburg. 

James McKormick, enl. Aug. 9, 1,>G1 ; killed in actiou May 5, ISC2, at 
Williamsburg. 

William H. Randolph, enl. Aug. 9, ISCl ; trans, to Co. G, Sth Kegt. ; re- 
enl. Feb. 22, ISGl. 

Benjamin F. Reeves, enl. Sept. 17, ISGl; coip. Jan. 15, 1SC3; killed in 
action July 2, l!-G:. at Gettysburg. I'a. 

John S. SibbetI.enl. Aug. 9, IbGl; disch. disability July 24, 1,SG2. 

Henry U. Slih.s, enl. Sept. 17, 1861. 

John Scott, eul. May 2G, 1S64. 

George J. Stewart, dralled May 21, lSi>4; trans, to Co. G. Sth Kcgl. 

.\ntonio Schneider, enl. May 23, 1^04 ; trans, to Co. G, Sth Regt. 

Eilgar S. Wilkinson, enl. Aug 9, ISGl : killed iu actiou May 5, 1862, at 
■ Williamsburg. 

John Wiley, eul. Aug. 9, ISCl; kille.l in action Aug. 29, 1SG2, at Bull 
Knn. 

SEVENTH REGIMENT. 

GLOrCE.-TtR COL'NTy. 

Comjiawj It. 

Luther F. Halsey. M.D., surgeon. 

John R. Calhoun, Aug. 2:;, ISGI ; ,lied Aug. 7, lsG4. 

James Magoi.igle, enl. Aug. 23, IJGI ; kilkd iu actiou May .",, 1862, at 
Williamsburg. 

Charles !!oM , tiil. Aug. 23, ISGl ; dis. Ii. di:>,bilily June H, 1S02. 

Andrew K. Sbull, enl. Au4;. 23. l.^Cl ; du.-d June 1. 1.-G2, ..f wounds re- 
ceived in a. ;ion at W.llianisburg, V. , 

Jo=epli N. M.ulf, enl. Aug. 23. IbGl ; . orp. Aug. i.i, 1801 : .s-rgt. June 9, 
ISGJ; n.u,t. outOcl.7, ISlrl. 

James B.iwnian. 



Comp<tny I[. 



i M.Du 



•con I 



Captain, John M. Claik; First Lieutenant, Fn 

Lieutenaul, Albeit Barnes. 
Albert Barnes, eul. July 29. 1SG2: 1st sergt. Sept. 17, 1S61 ; pro. 2J lieut. ; 

res. Nov. 1, 1S62. 
Charles Dyne, sergt., enl. Sept. 16, ISGl : discli. disability June 28. 1862. 
Thom.is Clark, sergt., eul. Nov. 12, 1S02 ; com. 1st lieut. Jan. 1, 1SG4 ; not 

mubteied. » 

James B. Stiles, sergt., eul. Sept. 17. IsiU ; died June 4. 1SG2. 
Je.sse C. Morgan, sergt., enl. Jan. 10, ISG-i ; pro. 2d lieut., Cu. C, Jan. 10, 

ISGo; must, out July 17. 1SG5. 
George W. Swan. Corp.. enl. Sept. 17, 1861 ; killeil in action May 5,1S62, 

at Williamsburg. 
James H. Wealherby, corp. Sept. 17, ISGl ; sergt. July 1, 1S62 ; trans. 

3Iay 15. lSi-4. 
Isaac S, Fry, coi^v, enl. Sept. 17. ISCl : must, out Oct. 7, 1S64. 
Thomas C. Ilannold. Corp.. enl. Sept. 17, 1S61 ; sergt. Jan. 1, 18« : re-enl. 

Jan. 4, 1SG+. 
Robert H. llirtington, eul. Sept. 17, ISCl ; must, out Oct. 7. 1661. 
Stephen M. Cowgill, sergt., enl. Sept. 17. I.vd ; trans, to Co. A ; re-enl. 

Jan. 4, 1SC4. 
George Scheelz, Corp., enl. Sept. 17, ISCl ; disch. Nov. 9, 1S61. 
John Armstrong, eul Sept.l7, ISrtl : trans, to Co. A ; re-enl. Jan. 4, 1864. 
James Atkinson, enl. Sept. IG, ISGl : disch. disability June 9, 1862. 
Abraham K. Allen, enl. Sept. IT, 1S61 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps March 

16, 1SC4 ; discli. Oct. 3. \H4. 
Morgan H. Abbott, eul. Nov. 7, ISCl ; re-enl. Jan. 4, 18iU; Corp. March 

1, 1SG4. 
James II. Rntler. enl. S.lit. 17. ISGl ; must, out Ct. 7. l.«M. 
George 11. Bakely, enl. Sept. 17, ISCl ; disch. disability Oct. 24. ISCo. 
Samuel T. Beckett, enl. Sept. 17,1861; must, out Oct. 7. 1S64. 
William F. Brown, eul. Oct. 10, ISGl ; trans, to Co. A ; re-enl. Jan. 4, Im;4. 
Charles H. Cunai d, enl. Sept. 17, 18G1 ; 1 raus. to Co. A ; re-en I. Jan. 4, 1SC4. 
Frederick Caser, enl. Sept. 17, 1861 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps, Sept. 30, 

186:5 : re-eiil, March 24, 1SG4 ; disch. July 8, 1865. 
Stephen H, Chew, eul, Sept. 17, 1S61 ; must, out Oct. 7, ISGl. 
William T. Davis, eul. Sept. 17, ISGl ; mi*sing in action at Williamsburg 



Ma 



Willi.am B. Davis, eul. Sept. 17, 1S61 : trans, to Co. A; Corp. Jan. 1, b-Go; 
re-enl. Jan. 4. ISM. 

HenryF.Harold.enl. Sept. 17, ISGl ; trans, to Co. A ; re-eul Jan.4.1SG4. 

Thomas Harding, enl. Sept. 17, ISGl : disch. di.sability Dec. 28, 1SC2. 
I Joseph It. Heiss, enl. Sept. 17, ISGl : disch. disability May 20, 1S62. 
i J.imes Jones, enl. Sept. 17, IScl : trans, to Vet. Res. C:orps; re-enl Ma\ 
j 3. 18(34. 

' Joseph James, eul. Sept. 17. 1>CI ; disch. disability July 22, 1SC2. 
I Albert Johnson, enl. Sept. 17, ISGl ; must, out Oct. 7, 1864. 
i Cliarles P. Johnson, enl. Nov. 7, 1S61 ; disch. disiibility Dec. 23, 1862. 
; Joseph Kircher, enl. .Sept. 17. 1861. 

I John T. Kenny, enl. Sept. 17, ISGI ; must, out Oct. 7, 1864. 
i John Kaufm.an. enl. Sept 17. ISCl ; died May 2,S, 1862, of wonnds re- 
) ceived in action at Williamsburg. 

; William R. Lewis, enl. Sept. 17, ISGt : died Feb. 10, 1SG2. 
I Robert B. Lee, enl. Sept. 17, 1861 ; died .M.irch 17. 18C2. 
I Henry Long, enl. S.-pt. 17, ISCl ; coqi. July 1. 18C2; sergt. Sept. 1, l.sC3 : 
j re-enl. Jan. 23, 1SC4 : missing in action bef..re Petei-sburg June 22. 

j liCA. 

I Alexis Montel, enl. Sept. 17, ISCl ; discli. disability Nov. 19, lsC2. 
: Samuel 11. Nel-on,enl. Sept. 17, ISOl : trans, to Vet. Res. Cori* S.|.t 
! 17. 166:) ; disch. Sept. 23, 18G4. 

I Charles W. Parker, enl. Sept. 17, 18C1 : trans, to Co. A Oct. 7, IsGrl : r- 
i enl.Jan. 4, l,sM. 

- Daniel J. Patterson, enl. Sept. 17, 1.6C1 ; tiaos. to Co. A : le.enl. .)..n. 4. 
1614. 

Klijali S. Porch, enl. Sept. 17, ISGl ; dis.-h. dis.ibilin N.,v •,, lbG2. 
■ Job P. Skill, .-111. .■^^p:. 17, ISGl ; niu-l. out I'ci 7, IsGt 
, Dani.-l W. Sininierman. eul. S..;4 17, l-W ; ir.us tuCo. A 
i Chailes A. Smith, ei.l. S.pi. 17. 1^1,1; .li- I.. di..il,iliiy N.,v. .lo. ISGi. 

JlaxwellSlKUice, eul. >■■]><■ 17. 1>G1 ; Ir.iiis. to Vet. Res. iv.rps S-pl. 1, 
I ISO:;; disih. Sept. 17, 1SC4. 



GENERAL [IISTOllY. 



Tlii'Uias W. Wyne. cnl. Scpl. 17, ISOl ; Irims. to Co. A ; rc-«nl. Feb. 14, 

1S64. 
.loeopl' ■^^■'-''l''. <■"'• S""!'" 1". ISM; truT.i. tu C... .V Oct. 7, ISlU ; ro-oiil. 

J»n. 4, ISM 

S.ILEM COIMY. 

Oompatiy E. 

Jucob Anitmau, s<Tgl., cnl. Oct. IC, I.'^Gl ; trjiis. to Co. E, 5th Kigt. 
nms.!. out Jul\ 17, ISia. 

Company F. 
John LogaD, musician, enl. Aug. 22, Istil : trau^. from Co. F, 5th Kegt. 

must, out Jul.v 17, lS6.i. 
William Applppite, enl. Aug. ■:.', ISr.l ; trans, from Co. F, .'.th Kcgt. 
Peter II. Simi.kins, enl. Aug. 2:1. ISOl ; traii.i. from Co. F, .^th Kogt. 

must, out Jul.v 17, isai. 
Samuil II. Shcrron, enl Aug. 2:, ISGI ; trans, from Co. F, Sth Regt. 

must, out Jul.v 17, isr.5. 
Jonathan V'entzi-11, enl. Aug. 22. 1861 ; trans, from Co. F, 5th Rejt. 

must, out Jnlj- IT, I8C5. 

Comp<injj O, 

Richard Smith, enl. Oct. 10, l><il : traus. from Co. I, ".th I'.egt. . lnn,1 
out July 20, 136.".. 

Company I. 

Elisha W. Reo.i, enl. Aug. 22, 1S61 : Iran*, as Corp. from Co. F; sergi 



Compaiiii A. 
Samuel H. Ilouu. enl. June 22, 1S61 ; tii.d Jan. l:i, ISio. 
Abraham Sheppard, drafted June 20, ISiA ■ must, out July 17, 1S63. 

Company B, 
Lorenzo Green, drafted June 24, 1S64; must, out July 17, 1S«. 
Utister Silvers, Ji.i!;ed June 2J, le,'j4; ujust. out July I7,lSii.5. 

C^mipany D. 
Andrew Geisinger, enl. Aug. Ifi, 1S61; must, out Oct. 7, ISiU. 
William Shcppard, drafted June 20, 1S61; trans, to Co. B. 

Company E. 
Elij.ah Loper, enl. Dec. 13, ISCl : Iran^. from Co. E, oth Kegt.; mn-t. out 

July 17, 1m;5. 
Dietrich Stanffaclior, enl. .March 16, lbi;4; trans, from Co. K, 5tli R»gt. ; 

must, out July 17, IS'o. 

Conipan'i F. 
Jonathan Ilustcd, enl. Feb. 18, 1562; trans, from Co. F. r.th Regt. ; must, 

out Feb. IS, 1S6.-I. 
Owen O'Reilly, enl. Dec. 17, 1801; trans, from C<'. G, 51h R.gt.; must 

out Dec. 17, USG4. 
James 51. Welsh, eul. Aug. 22, 1361 ; trans, from l.o. F, .5lh Kegt.; must 

out July 17, |S6S. 

Company H. 
Joseph liurt, enl. Sept. 17, 1861; sergt. Sept. 1,1862; died Feb. lo, 18'»! 
Joseph liroomall, enl. Sept. 17, 1.S61 ; disch. Oct. :il, 1S62, to join regnlal 

army. 
John lieaty, enl Xov. 23, 1S61 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Cor) s Dec. 15, 1--6J 

disch. Dec. 10, 1»G4. 
Albert I;. Batemnn. enl. Oct. 10, 1S61 ; tran.-. to Co. A; Corp. July 1 

1662; sergt. Feb. 15, ISCi. 
Joseph H. Diver, enl. Sept. 22, I8G1 ; lorp. Dec. 1,1862; must, out Oct 

7, 1804. 
Elmer Diament, enl. Oct. 10, IsGl ; disch. disability Feb. II. 1863. 
James lioy, enl. Oct. 29, 1861 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corpa May 15, 1864 

disch. Oct. 28, 1804. 
iienjamiu F. Ogden, enl. Sept. 17,-18G1 ; niu.-t. out Oct. 7, iSG4. 
Elmer B. Ogden, enl. Sept. 17, ISCl ; killed iu action May 5, isr.j, a 

Williamsburg, Va. 
I-^renzo Paynter, clI. Sept. 17, 1861 ; cori>. Dec. 1, 1802; muat. o.it Oct 

7, IS 64. 



CHAPTER Xiy. 

CIVIL WAU.— (r,o,/,-nr„./.) 
NINTH AND TKNTll REGIMENTS. 

I Ninth Regiment.— The Nintli Regiment of New 
! Jersey Volunteers was rceniiteil as a ritlc regiment, 
untJer a requisition iVom tlie War Department, in the 
fall of ISCil. It was composed of vohmteers from 
difi'erent parts of the State, and among tliem were 
ahont sixty-five from Gloucester, ninety from Salem, 
and thirty from Cumberland County. It was mus- 
tered al Camp Olden, Trenton, and on the -ith of De- 
cember it proceeded to Washington, having on its 
rolls an aggregate of one thousand one hundred and 
fifty-nine men. Joseph W. Allen was colonel of the 
regiment ; C. A. Heckman, lieutenant-colonel ; Fran- 
cis Weller, surgeon ; Louis Braun, assistant surgeon ; 
Abram Zabriskie, adjutant ; Samuel Keyes, quarter- 
master ; and Thomas Drumiu, chaplain. On its ar- 
rival at Washington the regiment went into camp on 
I the Bladeiifburg turnpike, where it remained until 
] Jan. 4, lSi32, when it proceeded by rail to Annapolis, 
I wliere a large portion of the troops composing Burn- 
; side's exjiedition to North Carolina had already as- 
! sembled. Here the regiment was assigned to the 
brigade of Gen. Jesse Reno ; and on the 10th it em- 
barked for P'ortress Jlonroe, whence, on the 12th, it 
sailed for Ilatteras Inlet, where it arrived on tlie loth. 
Here a disaster occurred which cast a gloom not only 
over the regiment and army in that quarter, but over' 
many anxious friends at home. Having cast anchor 
off the Inlet, the field and stafi' oificers went on shore 
to report to Gen. Burnside ; returning, the boat was 
capsized and swani])ed in a heavy surf, and all on 
board were left to struggle with the merciless waves. 
Col. Allen and Surgeon Weller were drowned. Lieut. - 
Col. Heckman, Adjt. Zabriskie, and Q.M. Keyes 
narrowly escaped. The second mate, sent frum the 
ship in charge of the boat, was also drowned. Lieut. - 
; Col. Heckman and .A.djt. Zabriskie, being exjicrt 
swimmers, made several heroic attempts to re>cue the 
colonel and Surgeon Weller, but were unsuccessful. 
These two brave men, after battling with the waves 
till their strength was nearly exhausted, succeeded in 
making a signal with a sailor's shirt lifted upon an 
oar, which was seen, and the steamer '" Patuxent" at 
once hastened to their relief. So overcome were the 
survivors by their exertions that on reaching the deck 
of the steamer some of tlicm :-:tnk into in^eii-ibility. 
Lieut.-Col. Heckman rem;iiiied in a 8t;ite of prostra- 
tion during several days. 

On the death of Col. .\ileii, Lieut.-Col. Heckman 

■ took command of the regiment and remained in com- 
mand till Jan. 16, 1864, when he was appointed to 
the command of tlie district of Sullblk, \:\. \'V<: . 
Zabri-kie then became ciilonel. ami held the com- 
m:ind until he fell mortiilly wounhd ;it Drury'-' 

■ Bluli; .May 16, H64. Lieut.-Col. .lame- S:eu;iri, ,ir., 



t>S 



HISTORY OF GLOUCHSTKR, SALKM, AND CUMBERLAND COUNTIES 



tlu'ti coninianiloil the regiment till tlio clojc of the 
war. 

The Ojicratioiis ol' tlie rc;jiinciit were coiil'med to 
the States of North Carolina, Soutli Carolina, am! 
Virginia. The number of eompanies uere. on the 
IStli of November, 1^02, reJueed Irom twelve to ten. 
In January, ISO I, a majority of the regiment re- 
enlisted in the field, and received a veteran furlough. 
The regiment maintained its organization till the 
close of the war, being strengthened from time to 
time, during lSo3-o4 and ISGj, by reeir.ita from the 
draft-rendezvous at Trenton. It participated in the 
following engagements : 

Boanoie I.lanil, S. C, Feb. S, l>n3; N'e>vl.*rne, N". C, 5tarcli 14, ISOJ; 
Fort Mac.n, .N. C, .\pril Jo, 1^62; YoiMig's Cross l!j.„ls, X. C, July 27, 
186-2; R.iwell'i Mills, N. C, Not. 2, 1^02; V^ep frt-rk, N. C. Dec. 12, 
lSf-2; SouIh«i!St Crt-ek, S. C, Pec. 13. 1^02; li-fure Kiii-toii, X. C, 
Dec. 13. I<u2; Kinstoii, N". C, Dec. 14, 1SG2; Whit^lKill, X. C, Dec. IC, 
lb62 ; GolJsborough, X. C, Dec. 17, lSi;2 ; Comfort Bri.Jje, X. C, July 6, 
1SC3; Dear Wintoii, X. C, July 20, liol; Pe-p Cre.'k, Va , JIarch 1, 
1S64; Cherry Giove, Vx, .Vpril 14, 1504; Port Whileli.dl, V.i., M;iy and 

7, 18M; Procters, Va., M,iy 8, l.>iH; Suift Crfek, Va., M.iy 9 aud lo, 
ISfA; Drury's Bluff, Va., May 12 to 16. lv^04 ; ColJ UarU.r, Va., Juu.> J 
to 1-2, 1M>4 ; Free EnJge, Va., June 16, 1>':4 ; lefore Peterebur^:, Va., 
June 20 to \ug. 24, 1564 ; Gardner's Bridge, X. C, Dec. 0, 1504 ; Foster's 
Bridge, X. C, Dec. ID, 1564 ; Butler's Bridge, X. C, Dec. II, l.-o4 ; South- 
west Creek, X. C, March 7, IjOo ; 'Wite's Fork, X. C, starch S, 9, aud 
10, ISM; Goldsborough, X. C, March 21, lS6o. 

In their fir-t b.ittle, that of Roanoke Isla'i'l. the 
regiment operated successt'ully in a swaiiiji ; and their 
gallantry, it was believed, secured the success uf the 
day by enabling the army to operate etfectively on 
the enemy's flank. On the Knh of February, Gen. 
Burnside promulgated an order that the Ninth Regi- 
ment sliould Lave the words '' Koaaoke I.-land, Feb. 

8, 1862," emblazoned on their banners, as a compli- 
ment for their gallantry on that day. Tlie only ord- 
nance that could be brought to bear on the enemy, 
because of the deep morass and the almost impene- 
trable thickets which the troops traversed, was a small 
rifled cannon, manned wholly by soldiers detailed 
from the Ninth, and the gunboat which did the 
greatest execution on the fort had her guns worked 
by a detail froin the =arae regiment. " On the 10th," 
says the Xeuark Daibj Aih-crtiser, '' this detail asked to 
be sent back to their regiment, but the commodore re- 
plied that the 'Jersey Blues' had shown themselves 
too good managers of the big guns to allow him to 
part with them ; that they were true Hvus, and no 
mistake." 

The following testimonials to the gallantry of this 
regiment are selected from many that might be given. 
In s))eaking of the battle of Nev.berne the Seiv Tor/: 
Tribune said, — 

"In the capture of Newherne the Ninth New Jer- 
sey Regiment sustained the honor of their State with 
characteristic gallantry. Though their position in 
that brilliant engagement was one of great e.xpo^ure, 
they bore them.selves throuL'h the conllict like vet- 
erans, sud'ering more severely than any other regi- ' 
nient on the field. Out of a total lo.-s of three huu- i 



tired and si.xty-four killed and woumled, they lo>t 
sixty-two, or on-'-sixth o( the whole, although twelve 
regiments were in the battle." 

Oil the 24th of December, l.?i'i2. a beautiful stand 
of coliirs, costing seven humlred dollars, was prescnti-ri 
to the regiment by the Legislature of New Jersey, 
accompanied by the tollowing resolution: 

"i:f.«-;r.J, That the Ninth P.egiment of Xov Jersey Volunteer,, ly 
their i.iljeiit endurance und-r privalmn aad fin jne, and 1 y their coui. 
atre at the ever-to-te-renienihered Uittlfs vf lloanoke ,uid Xe« 6erue a 
. i.ur.ice evinced hy the havoc made In their own uuwavennf; colunu.. 
hetter thau l.y the rep,Tt3 of pirtial journal-.', b.ive euslamed tho hi(.li 
reputation « iilcii, sinje the .lays of the Revolution, has lelon^ed to the 
soldiers of New Jersey, aiij iw evidence of our appreciatioD of th.at aen.e 
cf every manly virtue, pati iotic devotion to country, the Governor of 
the State is re.jueste.l to have prepared and forwarded to said re^-ini, nl 
a -tandarJ, en which sha.l be in^^-^p.led these words, • Presented by Xew 
Jel-sev to her Xinth Ke;.-iment, in remomhrauce of Koanoke and Xew- 



.\dani Frede 
I.ew,s H. Ga 



SIXTH REGIMF.XT 
Glovclsteh Coustt. 
Company A. 
ck. enl. Feb. 23, IS 



nl. Feb. 



, lEt> 



s. to Co. G. 
. to Co. G. 



tran.«. to Co. K. 
to Co. H. 
. to Co. E. 



enl. Jan. IS, 1564; alHnt, 



Company B. 
Chauncey W. Rtrker, enl. .\prit 13, 1S6.j: 
James C.asoy, enl. March 16, !s05 ; trans, t 
John L. Jordan, enl. April 13, ISO. 

Coinpan'j C 
Isaac L. S. Clark. Corp., eul. sept. V\ ISOI : 

sick in hospital, since June 19, lSO,.i. 
Edward H. Easllack,ei:l. Sept. I'l, ISOI ; corp. Jan. 10, 1S63 ; re-et 

IS, 1564; sert't. Dec. 3, IS'U ; must, out July 12. ISio. 
Beu.iamiu Glei.-ner. enl. Jl.ay 11, IsOt; trans, to Co. G. 
William C. Zaue, enl. S=pt. 10, 1=01 ; di=.:h. disability Xov. 23, IS 

Compan'j D. 
William H. Crift, enl. March 23. 1S0.5; trans, to Co. F. 



^v^^u 



. Carter, enl. March '23,1565 
I P. Carr, enl. .March 2 1.1^60 



ans. to Co. F. 
-ans. to Co. F. 



Edward D. Mattson, serf!., enl. Oct. 5, 1501; trans, to Vet. Res. Corp! 

.\pril 20, IS64 ; disch. as 1st ser^-t. Oct. 7, 1564. 
John M. Clark, enl. Jan. 17, 1 v'o ; trans, to Co. C. 
Benjamin Gill, enl. Oct. 8, ls6I; disch. Xov. IS, I?. .2, wounc 



ed 



Charles Keen. enl. Oct. 5, 1-61: re-enl. Jan. 15, 1504; Corp. July 1,1564; 

sergt. Feb. 6, \-a\ must, out July 12, tSM. 
James P. Mattson, enl. Oct. 5, IsOl ; must, out Oct. 8, 1564. 
John B. Mitchell, eul. Feb. 20, ls64; Corp. .\pril l,l5i'.5; must, out July 

1-2, 1S«. j 

F.li B. Pierce, enl. Feb. 10,1-64; mu«t. out July 12, ISO-i. I 

John Schweible, enl. Sept. 30, 1501 ; re-er.l. Jan. 18, 1564 ; trans, to Yet. 

Res. Corps March 31, l-.>j: disch. .\ug. 2, Is^a. 
Isaac Zanes, enl. Oct. 5, 1-01 ; died May 3, 1502. I 

Compaiii/ K, j 

Ciptain, Elias Drake; First Lieuten.iut, W 

I.i. uteuant, Jonathan Townley, Jr. 
Joseph Wnsht, ser^-t.. enl. Oct. 13, 1561 

pro. Itt lieut. Co. F, Xov.j7, U64. 
John Loreii<e, Corp., enl. Oct. Ii,ls01; disch. Sept. 30, 1665, wounds a 

Roanoke Island, both legs amputated. 
SamuelJ. Dilkes, Corp., enl. Oct. 1'., I-Ol; re-enl. Xov. 25, 1863. 
Charles P. .\Tjglo. enl. Feb. Z\, 1565; trans, to Co. C. 
Charles M. Billinjs "il- Oct. IJ, ISOI; ditch, disability May 12, 1502. 
Jam-3 H- Brown, eul. Oct. 15, U6!; re-enl. Jan. 15, 1-04; con<. Jan. 1 

l.,« ; mint, out July 12, IsM. 
Uenry L. Brown, enl. Feb. 24, 15i:;5; tnin«. to Co. C. 
Paul I!.jwers, enl. Feb. 21, i5v5; truu.?. to Co. D. 
John P. Criit, enl. Feb. 22, 18« ; trans lo Co. 1. 



S. B.Judlnot; Second 
nl. Xov. i5. ISW; 2dlieut.; 



GENERAL III8T01U'. 



69 



Allen Clmk, enl. Oct. 15, 1601; rt-eiil. Pec. 20, ISiVJ; c.)rp. Jan. 1, 1SC5; 
must.out Jul.v 1-', ISiW. 

Jjhn l-.TU-fl, onl. F.'l.. Jl, ISr,."- trans, to Co. I. 

William C'lie"-, onl. Feb. il, l<lo; trims, to Co. A. 

Boiij.«"in K. Pouchl.v, I'nl. Feb. i4, Isli'S; tnins. to Co. A. 

j.thn E. l>Hwsoii, ful. i-'tfb. -4, ISto; tmiis. to Co. .V. 

Jjsit'i f- Ewins. ml. Oct. 13. 1S61; re-elil. Jan. IS, lSt;4; Corp. July 1, 
^••1 ; sert't. Jan. 1, 1^''5 ; nni^t. out July 12. ISW. 

llf ury 11. English, onl. Feb. 24, 1m;.'. ; trans, to Co. A. 

Snniuol W. English, enl. Feb i ). 1S61 : trans, to Co. A. 

Inmc FijIiiT, enl. Oct. 15, ISOl; died Oct. 7, Ifi'.J, of wouuds received 
ne.ar lilackwiiter, X. C. 

Thomas Freemui, enl. Oct, 13, Ifol ; disch. Nov. 11, IS.VJ, of wounds re- 
ceived at Ne«berne, N. C. 

Elvj- F.^ster, enl. Feb. 23, ISio; died JI,-.rch 9, IfG,".. 

Henry Fredericks, enl. Feb. 23, lf6o: trans, to Co. A. 

David Fredericks, enl. Feb. 24, ISGo; trans, to Co. A. 

John J. Ilofrnian, enl. Feb. 24. ISi'-o; trans, to Co. C. 

John il. llolstan, enl. Feb. 24, IstU ; trans, to Co. G. 

William X. Johnson, enl. Feb. 24, ISi^o; trans, to Co. C. 

Nathan Keel, enl. Feb. 24, 1665; trans, to Co. I. 

Joel E. Lntz, enl. Feb. 23, ISOJ ; trans, to Co. A. 

Samuel Ledden, enl. Feb. 24, 1^(35 ; trans, to Co. C. 

iJalhan W. L?dden, enl. Feb. 24, ISGo ; trans, to Co. C. 

William Mcllt\ aine, enl , Feb. 24, If Go ; trans, to Co. D. 

William McLaughlin, enl. Feb. 24, lS6o; trans, to Co. I. 

William 11. Newbern, enl. Feb. 23, lS6o; trans, to Co. A. 

John Parker, enl. Feb. 23, lSf.5; trans, to Co. A. 

Richard Parker, enl. Feb. 23, ISiM ; trans, to Co. A. 

Vincent Kobei t, Oct. 13, ISul ; discU. disability Nov. 23, 1SC2. 

David Keed, enl. Feb 24, ISGo ; trans to Co. G. 

George Souders. enl. Feb. 23, lS6o ; trans, to Co. A. 

William Stalford, enl. Feb. 23, 1665 ; trans, to Co. G. 

Abraham Simmerman, enl. Feb. 23, lS6o; trans, to Co. A. 

George Shields, enl. Feb. 23, ISW; trans, to Co. A. 

David R. Smith, enl. Feb 24. l^fi,5; trans, tn Co. C. 

George W. Tonkin, enl. Oct. 15, 1S61 ; must, out Oct. 15, 1?S4. 

Daniel Westcott, enl. Feb. 24, 1865; trans, to Co. D. 

J.Ui(ii^/.— George A. Smith, Co. A: Isaac L. S. Clark, Corp. Co. C; 
Paul Bowers, Co. D; Patrick Kerrigan, Charles F. Weatherhy, Co. 
E; Josiah Du Bois, William Davis, Robert Greene, CV.. I. 

Salem Cou.my. 



Rol«rl P. Craig, musician, enl. Oct. 8, ISlU ; disch. Nov. 19, I^^^2, to Join 

regular army. 
Smith Dilderbark, enl. Oct. S. IJ-UI ; com. r-rnL Oct. 8. IJGl. 
John Rennet, enl. Oct. S, U-61 ; re-enl. Jan. 1)^, 1^64 ; must, out July 12, 

1SG4. 
Charles BroM n, enl. Out. .S, ISCl ; died Aug. 10, 1S02, 
llugli Bramble, enl. 0,:t. s, 1>61 ; disch. Nov. V.\ Mil. to join regular 



enl. Jan. IS, IS'H; 



lUst. out Julv 12 



CoTJ)pntliJ C. 
William M. Morrison, enl. Sept. 10, ISOl ; 
out July 12, 180.:.. 

Contpar.ii D. 
Henry Cooncellor, enl. March 21. 1S65 ; trai 



. to Co. K. 



Compamj F. 
JamesBaner, enl. Sept. 23, 1801; re-enl. Jan. IS, 1S04 ; mi 

12,l-'0O. 
Heniy H. Robertson, enl. March 21, ISGo; trans, to Co. K. 



John M. Freen, eul. March 21, 1863; mu, 



t Aug. 4, 18 



Coiiipamj I. 
CaptflJu. Henry F. Chew; First Li^uteuant, Samuel Huffy, Jr. ; Second 

I.i.-utecant, E. M. Piiikard. 
Rolertl). Swain, sergt, onl. Oct. 8, 1861: 2d lieut. Aug. 15, 1802; Ist 

lieut; pro. tocapt. Co.K Feb. 10. 1805. 
Chaib,,- n. Miller, enl. Oct. 6, IbOl ; died Aug. 23, lsr4. 
Gfxirg.; W. CawniKn, Corp., eul. Oct. 8, 1601 ; re-enl. Jan. 18, 1SC4; killed 

in action May 10, 1804, at Drury's Bluff. 
James W. Task, Corp., enl. Oct. S, 1801 ; disch. dis-ahility March 24, 18«. 
Ilavid Kille, Corp., eul. Oct. S, ISOI ; 2d lieut. July 3, 1804; June 22, 

Isio : re-enl. Jan. IS, 1804 ; must, out July 12, 1805. 
D.miel Whitney, Corp., enl. Oct. 8, 1801 ; re-enl. Jan. 18, 1S64 ; 2d lieut.: 

Ist lieut. June 22, 1805. 
thnrlts P. Goodwin, Corp., enl. Oct. 8, 1>01 ; re-enl. Jau. 18, 1804; id 

lieut. June 22, 1803 ; must out July 12, 18';->. 
Milllan: P. P.i.di, Corp., enl. Oct. 8, 18.,| ; ,!,jch. March 17, 1803, wounds 

received in actii.n. 
Jonathan Shull, corp., enl. Oct. 8, ISCl ; re-enl. Jan. IS, 1864; must, out 

July 12, 1805. 



John Brady, enl. Oct. 8, 1801 ; 

1853. 
Joshua Ballinger, enl. Sept. 2, 1804; must, out June 14, 1S05. 
Jam..>s V. Clark, enl. Oct. 8, 1801 ; re-eul. Dec. 20, 180:1 ; must, oat July 

12, 1803. 
Enoch Cordrey, enl. Oct. S, 1501; must, out Dec. 7, 1804. 
Albert C. Cawman, enl. Oct. 8, 1801; must, out Dec. 7, 1801. 
Mark L. Carney, enl. Oct. S, ISGl; corp. Aug. 23, 1863; re-enl. .fan. 18, 

1804; sergt. Jan. 1, 1863; must, out July 12, 1S6.3. 
Willhim P. Corliss, enl. Oct. S, 1801 ; disch. disability March 24, 1863. 
James W.Daniels, enl. Oct. 8, IS'.l ; re-enl. Jan. 18, IS.H; Corp. Juue I, 

1S05 ; must, ont July 12, 1865. 
Edward H. Davis, enl. Oct. S, 1861. 
Josiali Dubois, enl. Oct. S, 1861; re-enl. Nov. 25, 1863; trans, to Vet. 

Kes. Corps March 31, 1805 : disch. .^ug. 2, 18.'.5. 
Abr.im M. Dickinson, enl. Feb. 29, 1804 ; Corp. June 1, 1803 ; must, out 

July 12, 1865. 
John M. Davi.s, eul. Sept. 5, 1865; must, out Juue 14,1.805. 
James M. Eikinton, eul. Oct. S, 1601 : re-enl. Nov. 23, 1803; must, out 

July 12, 1804. 
Trederick Felney, eul. Oct. 8, 1801 ; disch. Nov. 19, 1802, to join regular 

William Floyd, enl. Sept. 2, 1804; must, out July 12, 186,5. 

Edward H. Green, enl. Oct. 8, 1801; Ist sergt. March 9, 1802; re-enl. 

Jan. 18, 1804 : pro. 2d lieut. Co. D Jan. 14, ISio. 
lUihert Green, enl. Dec. 29, 1803: must, out July 12, 180.3. 
John H. Harvey, enl. Oct. 8, 1861 ; disch. Nov. 19, 1802, to join regular 

Henry C. Hartranft, enl. Oct. 8, 1861 ; trans, to Co. D. 

Joshua D. Haines, enl. Oct. 8, 1861; re-enl. Jan. IS, 1804; must, out 

July 12, 1865- 
Magiius Hepburn, enl. Oct. 8, 1861 ; died Oct. 10, 1864. 
Samuel B. Harbison, enl. Oct, 8, 1861 ; Corp. March 10, 1802; re-enl.; 

sergt. Jan. IS, !804; trans. to Vet. Res. Cori.s March 31, 1805 ; disch. 

Aug. 1, 18(5. 
William G. Hartline, enl. Oct. 8, 1861 ; died Feb. 3, 1803. 
Asa B. Harbert, musician, eul. Oct. 8, 1801; re-enl. Jan. IS, 1.804; must. 

out July 19, 1865. 
John S. Hampton, eul. Oct. 8, 1361 ; re-enl Jan. IS, 1864 ; Corp. Aug. 1, 

1804 ; must, out July 19, 1865. 

John VV. Harbison, enl. Oct. 8, 1801 ; disch. disability March 24, 1863. 

Charles Hoffman, enl. Oct. 8, 1861 ; Corp. May 1, 1803 ; re-enl. Jan. 18, 
18C4; died June 5, 1804, of wounds received in action at Cold 
HarlKSr. 

William H. Hughes, eul. March 1, ISC4 ; died March 12, 180-4. 

William H. ll.<rris, enl. Aug. 30, 1864 ; must, out June 14, 1865. 

Jauics J. Harris, enl. Ajiril 6, 1S65 : must, out July 12, 1S65. 

Henry Eifert, enl. Oct. 8, 1861; re-enl. Dec. 20, 180 ! : must, out July 10, 
1865. 

Richmond Ireland, eul. Oct. 8, 1861 ; disch. Nov. 19, 1802, to join regular 
army. 

John E. Johnson, enl. Oct. 8, 1801; died Dec. 15, IS02, of wounds re- 
ceived in action at Kingston, N. C. 

John N. Johnson, enl. Oct. 8, 1861 ; drum ni:ij. Oct. 8, 180! ; must, out 
July 8, 1865. 

Thomas U. Kiger. e.jl Oct, 8, 1801 ; must, out Dec. 7, 1864. 

Willram B. Loper, eul. Oct. 3, 18.il ; disch. Nov. 19, 1802, to join regular 

Samuel Lester, enl. Oct. 8, 1861; disch. disability March 18, 180:i. 
S.iniuel il. Layman, enl. Oct. 8, l.sOl ; re-enl. Jan. 18, 1864 ; must, out 

Juno i2, 1865. 
AlhertC.MiHlin, onl. Oct. 3, 1861: re-enl. Jan. 18, 1804; must, out July 

12, ISCi. 
Edmund L. Matlock, enl. Oct. 8, 1861 ; disch. disability Nov. 23, 1802. 
Lewis 8. Mickle, enl. Oct. ,8, 18.il ; re-enl. }.:n. 13, 1803; Corp. June 1, 

1805 ; must, out July 19, 1803. 

Stephen M. Mosure, enl. Oct. 8, 180! ; re-enl. Jan. 18, 1804; kill-d in 

action June 3, 1SC5, at Odd Harbor, Va. 
Charles D. Mi.|f..rd, eul. Oct. R, 1801 ; mu,t. ont Dec. 7, ISOt. 



70 



HISTORY OF GLOUCESTER, SALEM, AND CUMBERLAND COUNTIES. 



Lewis Murphy, eiil. Oct. 8, ISGl ; rc-i-nl. Doc. 20, 1S63 ; Corp. Fel.. 0, 

ISflo : scrgl. \fn\ I, ISOi ; must, mlt J11I.V 12, ISl'vS. 
Daniel Jlyers, cnl. S.-pt. 2, ls64; niu^t. out June 14, lt.05. 
Johu Newkirk, eul. Oct. 8, ll^ul ; re-cni. Jim. IS, 1864 ; must, out July 

12, ISllo. 
BeuUu R. rutnian, eul. Ocl. 8. ISGl ; n-eol. J.in. IS, 1,*C4 ; must, out 

July 12, ISlo. 
John PoMell. eul. Oct. 8. 1S61. 
Johu A. Putten, eul. Oct. IS, ImU ; ri-enl. Jiin. 8, lbii4 ; must, out July 12, 

1805. 
Thomas Parsons, enl. Oct. 8, 1.m-,1 ; tr.ms to regular army Kov. 18,1802; 

returned to couip.iuy an.l n-enl. Jan. IS, ISiH ; niu-t. out July 12, 

ISOo. 
Stephen C. Pari;, eul. Sept. 5, I?04 ; must, out June U, 18^4. 
Augustus Reniniing, enl. Oct. 8, 1861 ; re-enl. Jan. IS, ISlit ; killed in 

action May Ifi, ISOl, at Dnirys Bluflf, Va. 
Isaac Reeves, eul. Oct S, 1801 ; disch. disability March 24. ISai. 
Jacob Uoss enl. Oct. 8, 1801 ; disch. Nov. 20, 1802, to join regular army. 
William B .Stretch, eul. Sept. 2, 1804 : must, out June 14, 1805. 
Kcubeu Seagr.»ve.s. enl. Oct. 8, 1861 ; died Oct. 2, 1862. 
John Sparks, enl. Oct. 8, 1861 ; re-enl. Nov. 25, 1803; died Nov. 15, 1S64, 



pris. 



Willi.am C. Sparks, enl. Oct. 8,1861; re-enl. Jan. 18, 1804; must, out 

July 12, 1865. 
Arthur F. Shoemaker, enl. Feb. 20, 1864 ; must, out June 24, 1805. 
Charles Taylor, enl. Oct. 8, 1861 ; disch. disability July 2:i, 1862. 
John E. Taylor, eul. Oct. 6, 1804 ; re-eul. Dec. 20, 1S03 ; must, out July 

12, 1865. 
Samuel B. Taylor, enl. Oct. 8, 1801 ; re-enl. Jan. 18, 1SC4 ; must, out July 

12,1865. 
George W. Townsend, eul. Oct. 8, ISOl ; re-eul. Nov. 2.i, 1803; must, out 

July 12, 1805. 
George L. Turnbull, enl. Oct. 8, ISO! ; trans, to Vet. Kes. Coriis Jan. 22, 

1804 ; disch. Oct. 8, 1804. 
Smith H. Vfpinc, enl. Oct. 8, l«f.l ; re-enl. March 31,1864; must, out 

July 12, 1805. 
Josiah Wensell, enl. Oct. 8, 1861 ; re-enl. Jan. IS, 1864; killed in action 

May 16, 1804, at Drury's Bluff. 
David Wensell, eni. Oct. 8, 1801 ; disch. disability .\pril 7, 1S03. 
William Williams, enl. Ocl. 8, ISO! ; disch. disability May 17, 1802. 
George 0. White, enl. Oct. 8, 1861 ; died April IS, 1862. 

CCJlEElLLiXD COINTV. 

Company B. 
Benjamin K. Pahuer, drafted April 11, 1805 ; must, out July 12, 18r,5. 
Owen F.iley, eul. Jan. 10, 1865 ; must, out July 12, 1865. 
Erick C. Shaw, drafted April 11, ItOo; mu»t. out July 12, 1805. 

Company D. 
Benjamin F. Ladow, drafted April U, 1S65; must, out July 12, 1865. 
Walker Simpkiiii, drafted April II, 1805; must, out July 12, 1805. 
Thomas Spencer, drifted April 11, 1 8w : must, out July 12, 1865. 
David Terry, drafted April 11, ls63; must, out July 12. 1805. 



Fay 



Company E. 
■ Jenkins, drafted April 11, 1.m;5; mu-t. out July 12, 186. 



Company F. 

SheptKird D. Lewis, sergt., eul. Oct. 24, 1801; 1st sergt. May 16.1802; 
2d lieut. Jan. 8, 1803; 1st lieut. l.'o. B April l.J, ISO! ; capt. Co. F 
Feb. 10, 18&5 : must, out July 12, 1805. 

Charles M. Preston, cnl. Sept. 23, 1^61 ; Corp. Oct. 24, ISOl ; re-enl. Jan. 
18, 1^62 ; sergt. April 23, 1802 : mu.^t. out July 12, ISC). 

Augustine Aubrick, enl. Sept 2:, 1861 ; discli. disability May 28, 1803. 

Samuel Alkire, enl. Feb. 18, 1864 ; must, out June 7, 1803. 

Michael Boyle, enl. Sept. 23, 1801 ; died March 1.5, 1862, of woundj re- 
ceived in action at Newberne, N. C. 

Edwin Chance, eul. Sept. 31.1, 1.^01 ; disch. May ID, 1502, of wounds re- 
ceived in action at Newberne. N. C. 

John E. French, eul. Sept. 23, 1801; re-eul. .Vov. 23, 1863; di-sch. May 
4, 16C.3. 

Reuben 11. Learning, enl. Sept. 2.i, 1*01; re-enl. Jan. 18,1804; Corp. 
M.av 10, lf04; mu.st. out July 19, ISC5. 

Samuel B. .Mills, enl. Sept. 23. 1801; re-enl. Jan. 18, ls04; must, out 
June 8, 1.S65. 

Jonathan Iti. bman, enl. Sept. 2:!, 1-01 , died M.irch 23, 1862. 



Robert G. Sheppard, Ist seiBt., enl. Oct. 24, 1861 ; re-enl. Jan. 13, l^.X 
pr,j. 2d lieut. July 20, 1^05; most, out .luly 12, 1805. 

Company G. 
Joseph C. Miwr.-, drafted April 11, 1S«: must, out July 12, 1865. 

Comp.iny U. 
Charles Van Aman, enl. Feb. 24, 1^04 ; trans, to Co. I. 

Robert Alcorn, bugler, enl. Oct. 8, 1861 ; discli ilisability Au;. 25, 1802 
Joshua Andei-son, enl. Oct. i-, 1801; re-enl. Nov. 25, ISKJ ; must, out 

July 12, IMJ. 
John W. Hilyard, eul. Oct. 8, ISOl ; re-enl. Jan. lS,l>f4; must, out July 

12. 1803. 
Henry Loper, enl. Oct. 8, 1801 : re-enl. Jan. 18, 1«64 ; must, out July 12, 



nl. Jn 



, l.~01 ; disch. S 



18, 1864 : must, out Julj 
ov. 19, 1802, to join rogu- 



George H. I.ott, enl. Oct. 8, 1861 

12,1865. 
Charles B. Messick, ei 

lar army. 
Ezekiel 5Iadara, enl. March 10, 1804; must out July 12, 1865. 
Joseph Madara, enl. March 29, ISw; must, out July 12, 186.5. 
John C.Smith, enl. Oct. 8,1861 : Corp. May 1,1863; re-enl. Jan. IS, 1864: 

sergt. June 1, 1865; must, out July 12. 1865. 
John WarHe. enl. Oct. S, 1801 : di-ch. Nov. 17, 1802. 

Tenth Regiment. — ''This regiment was raised hy i 
individuals not authorized by the State, and accepted 
by tlie War Department as an independent organiziv I 
lion some time in the tall of ISGl, and was not known | 
by the State authorities until it was placed under j 
their care, Jan. 29, 1S62." i 

Such is the statement indorsed on the original ros- , 
ter. The organization wa-; at first known as the i 
"Olden I.ogion.". It wa^ recruited at Beverly, where j 
it had it.s headipiarters. by William Bryan, wlio be- j 
came its colonel, and proceeded to Washington in j 
December, 18G1. i 

When the regiment was accepted by the State, it| 
was in a measure reorg:inize<l. and ])Iaced under the i 
command of Col. William R. Murphy. It was de- 1 
tailed for provost duty at Washington in February,! 
1862, and so remained until the spring of 1SG3, much j 
to the dissatisfaction of Col. Murphy, who resigned | 
because the regiment was not ordered into active ser- I 
vice. His place was rilled by Col. Henry Owrden Ey- 1 
erson, who fell in the battle of the ^Vilderness, May j 
6, 1804. 

From the time the Tenth Regiment engaged in the j 
more active and perilous duties of the war it made j 
for it.-^elf a most brilli;int rerord. "It shared in all j 
the battles of the Wilderness. ;ind fought with its ^ 
corps all the way to Petersburg, on every field dis- : 
playing conspicuous gallantry,'' and when transferred, 
with the First Brigade, to the Shenandoah V:iney, it 
made, in the several campaigns of that region, an 
equally honorable record till the close of the war. 

Tlie Tenth was engaged in tlie following actions : 



ss, Va 



M.iy St.j 7,1^04; Sfwtl 
1 Court-HoUBC, Va., Ma; 
a., M.ay 24, 1;04; llano 



Carrsville, Va., May 9, 1-0 ; ; Wilde 
tylvania, Va., May 8 to 11, 1864; Spolt-'ylv 
12 to 10, 1864; Xorlh and Soulli .4.nna Rive 
Tcr Court-llouse, Va., M.iy 29, 1>04; Tol-i.otomy Creek, Va., May .:) 
and 31, 1804; Cold Harbor, Va., June 1 M 3,1^01; liefor..- Polersbur,-, 
Va. (Weldon Railroad j, June 21, 1804; Snicker's Gap, Va, July 1.'-,1M)4 : 
Strasbnrg, Va., Aug. 15, 1804; Winchester, Va., Aug. 17, 1804; Charles- 
town, Va., Aug. 21, ls04 ; Oi*>iuaii, Va., Sei't. 19. 1801; Fisher's llill, 



GKXHliAL HISTORY. 



71 



Va., Sopt. 21 and ii, l^S-1; New Jlsrkot, Va., Sept. li-1, IjM ; )lount 
Jacksiu, Tn., Sept. 115, iMjl; Cedar Crook and Middlotowu. V:>..Oct. 10, 
\iH: Ilatolior's Klin, Va,. Fob. .\ iM'o; Fort Slooiim.in, Va, March 25. 
Ifi65: capture of rott-rslnup, Va., .\pril 2, l.-^''^!; Sailor's Creek, A a., 



.^prillslSM; 
t,)Xi, April 9, 1 



Farnivillo, Va., .\pril 7, ISlo: Lee's surrender ^Appon 

TENTH KEGIMKNT, 
Gloucester Countt. 

Compani/ A. 

nl. Sept. In, Ifei ; must, out Sept. 



Payid H. Holconih 

ISM. 
.Ii.lin .>IcGiniiis, enl. Sept. 10, IfGI 
Oiarles Swaim, enl. Oct. 2S:, IStU ; 

1, 1SS5. 



Covipan;/ n. 
ivia C. Hiers, enl. net. 31, 18C1 ; ro^'iil. Jan. :l, 1,504 ; must, oul 

12, ISl'Ki. 
lies Sa.Ters. enl. Oct, :i1,lf.0l; discli. disiitilit.v April 22, 1602. 



my n. Simps 
July 1, ISM 



Ce"ip<i»,'/ /. 
Fob. 24, ISM; Corp. June 19, ISOo; 



Cl-mirEl. 



CitXTV. 



enl. Jan. 4, 1SC.4; 



Coliipatty B, 
. W. Wolib, enl. Sept. 2:5, ISOl ; niusl 



t Sept. 24, ISi-.l. 



Comp.,r,,i E. 
Fdivani Brown, en!. Jan. 4, 1S&4; tr.lns. to Co. D. 
Cliarles Conover, enl. Dec. 23, 1S61; disch. disability Nov. 10, 1S6'2. 
Andrew J. Peck, enl. Dec. 10, ISGl ; died Nov. 2S, 1803. 

Joliu IV.uglass. 

Compowi (7. 
Benjamin. Allen, enl. April n, 1SG4; died Dec. 2, 1854. 
Andrea- Alb, rt.is, enl, .March 29, ISOj; trans, to Co. B. 
M.ircellu^ Falger, enl. March 20, 1S0,'t, trans, t.i Co, B, 
Joliu C, Shute, enl. Feb, IC, 1SG3; must, out July 1, 1S65, 

Contptmy H. 
John A, Mather, enl. Oet, 21, 1801; corp, Oct, 21, 1S61 ; sergt, Oct, 20, 

1804; must, out Oct, -2, 1804, 
Andrew H, Atkinson, enl, Nov.l4, 1801; must, out Nov. 13, 1S64. 
Augustns W. Brow n, enl. Oct. 22, 1801 ; must, out July 1, ISOo. 
Nathan Campbell, enl. Nov. 11, l.SGl ; re-enl. Jan, 3, 1S64; corp, M,arch 

311.1804; must, out July l,lSOo. 
Albert Davis, enl. Nov. 4, 1801; Corp. Oct. 20, 1S02; trans, to Vet, Kes, 

Corps Jan, 15, 1804 ; disch. Sept, 6, lSf4, 
George Hicmer, enl, Feb, 10, 1664; must, out July 1, 1SC5, 
George W, Hughes, enl, Oct, 1, 1861 -, corp, Oct, 20, 1862; rf.enl, Jan, 3. 

1804; •2dlieut, Co, E, Dec, IS, 1804: 1st lieut,; com, capt. Jnuc 13, 

1605 : must, out July 1, ISOo, 
Henry McGinnis, enl, Nov, 5, 1801, 

Albert J, Nichols, enl. Nov. .5, 1S61 ; di,5Ch, disability July 8, 1802, 
Edward N, Sapp, enl, Oct, 26, 1661 ; must, out Oct. 27, 16W. 
Isaac Shute, enl. Nov. 14, ISGl ; disch. disability Oct. 2, 1862. 
John G, Stiles, enl, Nov, 14, 1861 ; le-enl, Jan, 3. 1804 ; corp, March 20, 

1.80,5: must, out July 1, 186,5, 
John T, Wilson, enl, Feb, 24, 1804; must, out July 0, 1665, 



Cotiipaut/ I. 
G. Sl'irks, Corp., enl. Sept, 30, ISOI; sergt. - 
it sergt. Feb. 25, 18i>t; disch. Feb. 6, 1800. 



nnds 



Le-.vis Beebe. enl, Nov, 21, ISCl ; died Aug, 1, 1S03. 

Stille C, Heiidricksun, enl. Oct, 11, ISl-l ; di^ch, June 18, 1SC4. 

■William V. Bandies, enl. Sept. 27, 1801. 

Hedger C. Pierce. 

Company K. 
Jonathan Easllack. 



Cotitpav'j U. 
John Carty, enl. Oct. 5, ISiil ; died Dec. 24, 1.^01, 

Compnuy It. 
Oeruent II, IrebiMd enl, Oct, 21, 1.^01; disch, disability Oct, 4, 1802. 
Helms V. I.inch, enl. Nov. 12. ISOl ; corp. April ,30, 1602; re-enl. Jan. 3, 

1SC4; must, out June 6, 180.5. 
Alexander Linch, enl. Nov.]2, 1,<01 ; Corp. June 1, 1603 ; re-enl. Jan. 3, 

1864; must, out June 0,11.05. 
James Timraons, enl. Jan. 25, 1805; re.enl. Jan. '20, 1SC4 ; ujust. out July 

1, 180.5, 
Jauieh H, Turn.T, enl, Oct, 21, 1801 ; disch, disability July 10, 1602, 



S:iniuel B, Cambron, enl, Nov, 14, 1601 ; re-enl. Jan. 4, 1604;: corp. 

JIarch I, ISi'.'. ; must, out July 1, 1-Oj. 
James W. Fithian, enl, Oct, 2-2, ISGl ; corp, July 26, 1603; must, out Oct, 

22, 1864, 
Thom.is Hess, enl. Sept, 21, ISGl ; re-enl, Jan. 4,1864; must, out July 1, 

1605, 
David S, Johnson, enl. Sept, 1, 1802; final record unknown, 
John A, Roroy, enl. Sept. 21, 1861 : died July 3,18i'4. 
Thomas Veach, enl. Sept. 21,1861 ; re-enl, Jan, 1, 16i;4 ; disch. disability 

May 2, ISGo. 
George Wiser, enl. Sept. 10, 1801 ; must, out April 24, 1805. 

Companij B. 
Captain, Charles B, Clayp-jle; First Lieutenant, John Stoneiiiil ; Second 

Lieutenant, George T, Doughty. 
Thomas Harvey, sergt., enl. S.-pt. 15,1861 ; died Oct. 2, ISM. 
Henry Reynolds, sergt.. enl. Sept, -2,3, 1801 ; must, out May 1, 180.5. 
John StonehiII,,sergt„ enl, Sept, 15,1661; 1st lieui. April 17, 1602; res. 

March 16, 1804, ill healtii. 
Charies F. Nixon, Corp., enl, Oct. 4. 1801 ; must, out Oct, 5,1664, 
Jeremiah P, Barber, Corp.. enl. Sept. 23,1801 : must, cut Sept. 23. 1664. 
Lewis Getzinger, Corp., enl. Sept. -21, 1601 : disch. disability .^.ug. 6, 1802. 
Ephraim H. Dare, musician, enl. Oct. 10, 1861 ; drum-maj. Jan. 10, 1862. 
David T. Moore, musician, enl. Sept. 23, 1S61 ; trans, to Vet. Res, Corps 

Sept, 30, 1663 : disch, April •23.1604, 
Jones McL.aughlin, musician, enl. Sept. 21, 1601; disch. disability July 

6, 1802. 
Joseph Murphy, wagoner, enl, Oct, 5, 1601 : disch. disability March 15, 

isi;2, 

John Ablot, enl, Oct, 5, 1861, 

Francis S, Brown, enl. Sept, 15,1801, 

Jonathan B.alber, enl. Sept. 21, 1601 : disch, disability March 5, 1862, 

Daniel A, Barber, enl. Sept, 25, 1801 ; re-eul, Feb, 24, 1804 ; corp, Jan, 1, 

1665; must, out July 1, 1665, 
John Brandiff, enl. Sept, 21, 1801: re-enl. Feb, 20, 1664; corp, Jan, 1, 

I6C5 : must, out July 1, 1805. 
Evan Brown, enl, Oct, '20, ISGl ; must, out Dec, 7, 1864. 
Christian Crawley, enl. Oct, 28, 18G1 ; re-enl, Jau, 20, 1804 ; must, out 

July 1, 18ia, 
Aaron Camborn, enl, Oct. 25, 180! ; disch. disability July 7, 1662. 
Thoni.a3 Dare, enl. Sept. '23, 1861 : disch. di6.ability May 9, 1802. 
William H. Donnelly, enl. Oct. 4, ISGl : Corp. Sept. 8, 1802 : sergt. Jan. 

19,180,4: re-enl, Feb, 24, 1S64; must, out July 1, 1805, 
Natlianiel Ernest, enl, Oct. 7, 1801 ; disch. disability July 8, 1802. 
Elmer E, Errickson. eul. Oct. 2n, 1661 ; corp, Juno S, 1663; re-enl, Jan, 

24, ISOl; died June 9, 1804, wounds received in action at Cold 

Harbor. Va, 
David Garrison, enl, Sept. 23, 1801 ; re-enl. Feb. 24, lSl'4; died Feb. 25, 

1864, 
Daniel F. Garrison, enl. Sept, 21, 1801 : corp, June 8. 1663; re-enl. Feb. 

24, 1664 ; 1st sergt. Nov. 10, 1864 ; must, out July 1, 1805. 
Francis Garrison, enl, Oct, 13, 1861. 

James H. H.ipman, enl. Oct. 5, ISOl ; disch. disability Aug, 11, 1802, 
Azel C, Henderson, enl, Oct. 24, 1801; died Dec. 25, 1602, 
David G, Johnson, enl, Sej/t. 27, 1661 ; must. out. 
Joseph P. I,ayton, enl. Sej.t. 2.3, 1861; re-enl. Feb. 24, 1864; killed in 

action June 3, ISOl, at Cold Harbor. 
Robert Jlclntire, enl. Sept. 21, 1861 : died Sept. 11, 1362. 
Charies Michael, enl. Sept. 2,j, 1601; disCh, disability Aug. 11, 1802. 
William T. Morrison, enl. Sept, -25, ItOl; disch. disability Oct, I, 1362. 
George Y. Miison, enl. Oct. 2, 1801: disch. disability May 1, 1802. 
Henry B. Moore, enl. Sept. 20, 1801; re-enl. Feb. 24,1804; must, out 

July 1, 1,-0.5. 
Hobeit Mclnt.re, Jr., enl. Oct 15, 1801 ; disch. dl-ability D.'C. 13, 1801. 
Samuel McMulleu, enl. Oct, 4, ISOl ; disch. dis.ibdily July 2s, l,'-02. 
Jnuathau Nixon, enl. Sept, 26, 18G1 ; disch, disability Nov, 2, 1602. 



72 



HISTORY OF GLOUl'KSTHR, SALK.M. AND CUMBERLAND COUNTIES. 



Tliemas Trice, enl. Oot. '24, 1S61 ; discli, disiibility Aug. 11, ISiVJ. 

Isaac Penn, enl. Oct. 6, 1S61; re-cnl. Jan. 2il, 1S04; corp. Jan. 1, l.S6.i ; 

must, out July 1, l^lij. 
Jaiuea Kobinson, enl. Sept .21, ISf.l : s^-rjt. Dec. 1, 1S02 ; mu.st. out Oct. 

20, lSl!4. 
Charles T. Stmtlon, musician, enl. Sept. 20, 1S61: must, out Sept. 2v), 

1S64. 
Kicliard B. Simpkins, enl. Oct. 6, l.<01 : rcenl Jan. 20, 1364; must, out 

JulT 1, ISOS. 
William n. Sta.ller, enl. Oct. >!, 1S61 : mnst. out Oct. fi, ISOt. 
George Stndler. enl. Oct. fi. IS'U; must, out Oct. 6. 1SC4. 
Daniel Silvers, enl. Oct. 24, 1S61 ; must, ont Oct. 2:i, ISiH. 
Levi Simons, enl. .\ug. 13, ISlIi; died Nov. 1,% 1864, of wounds received 

in action at Cedar Creek, Va. 
Francis L. Vannaman, enl. Oct. 6, ISi'd ; Corp. Sept. IS, 1S62; ilied Oct. 

2s, 1SG3. 
Furman Welch, enl. Sept. 2:!, 1S6I ; re^enl, Jan. 20, ISiVl; must, ont 

July 1,1865. 
Victor G. Williami, enl. Oct. 12, l.<61 : re.enl. Jan. 20, ISM; trans, to 

Vet. Res. Corps Sept. 30, 1S64; disch. July 19, 1S6.5. 



Copipani/ C. 
Captain, William It. Snowden; Firel Lieuti 

Second Lieutenant, George W. Hummel. 
Ephraim S. Whittaker, enl. Oct. 19, ISCl; s 

Jan. 3, 1864 ; must, out July 1, IsSo. 



ant, Is.i.ac T. Thackray; 
gt. Jan. 1, 1862; re-enl. 



Conipajni D. 
5t., enl. Oct. S, 1S61 ; disch. disability June 



Frederick B. Kauffniau, 

16, 1SG2. 
Charles D. Sheppard, 1st sergt., enl. Oct. 8. 1n61 ; must, out Oct. 8, 1854. 
.Jonathan B. Evans, enl. Oct. 21, 1S61; trans to Vet. Kes. Corps; disch. 

Dec. 28, lS6.i. 
■William D.Sutton, sergt., enl. Oct. 8, 1S61; re-enl. Jan. 3, 1S64 ; 2d lieut. 

Feb. 11, lS6.i: iBt lient. Co. B July 1, ISio; must, ont July 1, 1865. 
John B. .\yres, sergt., enl. Oct. 6, 1861; sergu-maj. May 16, 1S63. 
Adonir.im J. Shepnavd, c^rp., enl. Oct. 8. IS.,1; re-iiil Jan. 3, 1864 ; 2d 

lieut. Co. C March 24, 1864 ; must, out June 22, l.?65. 
Theophilus P. Ayres, corp., enl. Oct. 21, ISGl ; must, ont Oct. 21, 1864. 
Samuel P. Garten, Corp., enl. Oct. .5, 1S61 ; sergt. June 1, 1863 : re-enl. 

Jan. 3, 1S64; died June 22, 1864, of wounds received in action at 

Cold Harbor, Va. 
Joseph Skellinger, enl. Oct. S, ISGl ; re-enl. Jan. 3, 1864 ; must, out July 

14, 1865, 
Johu C. Perry, Corp., enl. Oct. 8, 1861; 1st sergt,; re-enl. Jan. 3, 1664; 

dieil June 4. 1865. 
James C. Sutton, corp., enl. Oct. 8, 1S61 ; died March 7, 1862. 
John D. Avers, Corp., enl. Oct. 8, 1S61 ; re-enl. Jan. 3, 1564; must, out 

July 1, 1865. 
Alfred T. Eandolpli, Corp., enl. Oct. 9. 1861; re-enl. Jan. 3, 1864; 2d 

lieut. Co. B March 24, 18?.4; disch. disability April 6, 1865. 
James M. West, musician, enl. Oct. 15, 1861 ; must, out Oct. 15, 1864. 
Thomas E. Allen, wagoner, enl. Oct. 8, 1861 ; disch. disability May 22, 

1862. 
Ephraim E. Buck, enl. Oct. S, 1861 ; disch. disability June 2, 1862. 
Thomas J. Bivins, enl. Oct. 9, 1S61 ; Corp. April 30, 1862; died July 1, 

1S6:J. 
Benjamin U. Bitters, enl. Oct. 15, 1S61 ; died June 1, 1862. 
William II. Bur.r, enl. Oct. 19, 1861; re-enl. Jan. 3, 1864; died Feb. 12. 

1S65, at AudersonviUe. 
Benjamin F. Bivins, enl. Oct. 21, 1S6I ; died Sept. S, 1862. 
Thomas Beunet, enl. Oct. 21, 1S61; re-enl. Jan. 3, 1S64; trans, to Vet. 

Kes, Corps March 15, 1865; disch. July 13, 18«. 
John G. Bowen, enl. Oct. 16, 1861; corp. June 1, ]8Ck3; re-enl. Jan. 3, 

186,4; must, out Aug. 12, If 65. 
Jacob Caspar, Jr., enl. Oct. 21, 1861 ; Corp. April 30, 1862; died Aug. 12, 

1862. 
Lewis n. Daiizenbaker, enl. Oct. 9, 1861; died June 12, 1864, of wounds 

received iu action at Cold Ilarb<-»r. Va. 
Charles Danielly, enl. Oct. 15, 1361; killed in action May 14, 18r^, at 

Gait House, Va. 
Isaac M. Dare, enl. Jan. 4, 1S64; must, out July 1, 188.5. 
Joseph Fisher, enl. Oct. S, 1861 ; must, out Oct. 15, 16C4. 
William Frank, enl. Oct. 28. 1861 ; disch. disabilil.i- March 5, 1862. 
John J. Hamilton, Oct. 8, ISOl; ditch. Kov. 1, 1=62, toj./in regul^ir army. 
Johu B. Hoflhian, enl. .Jan. 4, 1864 ; sergt. Dec. 1, 1804; 2d lieut. Co. H 

Feb. 11, 1865. 



Francis HuesU'd, enl. Feb. 24, 18m ; died March 7, 186.5. 

Samuel D. Keen, enl. Oot. 8, 1861 ; re.enl. Jan. 3, ISiK; must, out Aug. 
23, 18M. 

Isaac K.iin, enl. Oct. 8, 1.861; Corp. July 18,186!; must, ont Oct. 8, 1«64.' 

George W. Lond, enl. Oct. 21, IS'd; re-enl. Jan. 3, 1564 ; disch. disalilily 
May 24, 1865. 

Samuel II. M.irryalt, enl. Oct. S, 1861; must, out Oct. 8. ISM. 

Franklin S. Moiicreif, enl. net. 15, 1861; discli. disability Nov. 9, Is..;. 

Henry C. Martin, wagoner, enl. Oct. 8, 1861; rc-onl. Jan. 2", l-i.4; 
must, out July 1, 1865. j 

Lewis ili\ner, enl. Oct. 25, 1861 ; disch. disability June 2, 1862. \ 

Isaac 11. Nugent, enl. Oct. 21, 1861; re-enl. Jan. 3, l.i64; must, out July 
14, 18iri. 
j Kobert R. Xuble. enl. Feb. 20, 18M : must, out July lo, 1865. 
j Jacob H. Ott, enl. Oct. 15, 1861; re-enl. Jan. 3, 18M; sergt. March 1 
j I860 ; must, out July 1, 1865. 

I William F. Kockerman, enl. Oct. 15, 1861 ; corp. Aug. 1, 1862 ; died Nov 
j 5, 1863. 

I Charles Robin.son, enl. Oct. 21, 1^61 ; re-enl. Jan. 3, 1864; corp. Jan. 5 
I 18M ; must, out July 1, 1865. 

; Lemuel A. Kandolph, enl Feb. 27, 1864; died June 17, 1864, of wounds 
I received in action at Cold Harbor, Va. j 

.Jacob H Sirringer, c-nl. Oct. 8, 1861 : re-enl. Jan. 3, 1864. I 

I Cornelius Skellinger, enl. Oct. S, 1861 ; disch. April 28, 1865. \ 

' Peter Shark, enl. Oct. 9, 1861 : disch. disability May 15, 1862. j 

i William R. Soley, enl. Jan. 1, 1864 ; died Dec. 2, ISM. ! 

; Ciympany F. ; 

I Joseph Hays. enl. Oct. 22, 1561 ; re-enl. Jan. 3, 18M. 

; Philip Shaw, enl. Oct. 14. 1561. 

i JosephW.Sinallwood,enl. Feb. 26, 1854; killed by accident M:iy 12,1861. 

Company H. 
Christopher Myers, enl. Nov. 19, 1861 ; died April 6, 1864. 
I James P. Newkirk, 1st sergt., enl. Oct. 23, 1S61 ; re-eul. Jan. 3, 18M : 2d 
lieut. Co. C May 21, 1865. 
Ephriiim Palmer, enl. Oct. 31, 1861 ; died ?Iarch 21, 186:1. 
I Thomas Stiles, enl. March 5, 1864 : trans, to Yet. Res. Corps April 14,; 
1S65 : disch. July 21, 1865. | 

Richard Shimp, enl. Nov. 8, 1861; re-enl. Jan. 3, ISM; Corp. Jan. 12,1 
1865 ; must, out July 12, 18t>5. i 

William Saulsbury, enl. Sept. 14, ISM : re-enl. Jan. 8, 18M : killed in ', 
action May 12, 18M, at Spottsylvania Court-Houae, Va. 1 



Compatuj I. 
Jacob Gibson, enl. Nov. 19, 1S61 ; re-eul. Jan. 3, 18M; must, out July li, 1 

I860. j 

Compan't K. ; 

Captain, Henry A. Perrine; First Lieutenant, Silas M. Wanipole ; Sec- I 

ond Lieutenant, Thomas Stockton. j 

William Todd, sergt., enl. Oct. 8, 1861 ; 2d lieut. April 27, 1862 ; pro. 1st 

lieut. Co. F Nov. 21, 1863. j 

Mark Leeds, sergt., enl. Oct. 8, 1661 : must, out Oct. 17, 18M. 1 

Barron D. K. Harris, Corp., enl. Oct 8, 1861 ; died Aug. 4, ISM. ! 

Charles H. Seeley, Corp., enl. Oct. 8, 1861 ; must, out Oct. 16. 1 J64. I 

James M. Clark, musiciau, enl. Oct. 8, 1861 ; disch. disability July 21 , 1865. I 
Isaac Alkire, enl. Oct. 8, 1861; must, out Oct. 18, l.~M. | 

John F. Brooks, eul. Oct. 8, 1861 ; died March 25, 1862. ] 

Henry H. Brooks, enl. Oct. 8, 1861 : re-eul. Jan. 3, 18M ; sergt. Feb 10, j 

1865; must, out July 1, 1865. I 

John C. Biggs, enl. Oct. 14, 1861; died March 25, 1862. j 

Smith Bacon, enl. Oct. 14, 1861; corp. April 30, 1,862; re-enl. Jan. 3, j 

1864; must, out July 1, 1865. j 

Horace P. Bickley, enl. Oct. 14, 1S61; re-cnl. Jan. 3, I8M ; sergt. Feb. I, i 

I860 ; must, out July 1, ISW. j 

William II. llaine, enl. Dec. 31,1863; must, out July 1, 1865. j 

David D. Demares, enl. ( ict. 8, 1861 ; died April 5, 1862. ] 

Aaron B. Kithian, enl. Oct. 8, 1861 ; re-cnl. Jan. 3, 1S64 ; died Feb. 5, 1865. 
Johu Fansbury, eul. Oct. 15, 1801; re-enl. Jan. 3, 1864; killed in aclwn . 

June 3, 1^64, at Cold Harbor, Va. ■ 

Robert Hann, eul. Oct. S, 1861 ; must out Oct. 7, 1864. j 

George W. Moore, enl. Oct. 8, 1661 ; died Oct. 12, 1863. j 

Richard D. Mitchell, enl. Oct. 5, 1.501 ; pro. 2d lieut. Co. I April 17, 15S2. ; 
William M. Mitchell, enl. Oct. 14, 1.-6I ; must, out May 25, 1865. 
John G. Mitchell, enl. Oct. 14, 1561; rc-eiil. Jan. 3, 1:4; must. out.Iuly \ 

1,186.5. ! 

Samuel Mayhew, enl. Oct. 8, 1561 ; must, ont Oct. 7, 18M. ' j 



GENERAL HISTOllY. 



rs 



I / 



Joseph ll.'rey, eol. Oct. 8, ISGl ; ro-onl. Jiin. 3, ISW; died, June 8, ISM, 
of nouiids received in ailiorj nl Cold H.u-bor, Va. 

Josepli B. SimiAiiw, eiil. Oct. •;, ISr.l ; re-onl. .liin. ?., l^C4 ; killed in ac- 
tion June 1, II-C4, at Cold Ili.rK.r, Va. 

William Spencer, enl. Oct. S, ISCl; mnat. out June 5, \^'A. 

Edmund T. Smith, enl. 0. t. H, ISlU ; re-eul. Jan. 3, l^ul;miHing In ac- 
tion at Wiucheslor Aug. IT, lSi4. 

Jesse Smith, eul. Oct. 14, It-Cl ; re-enl. Jan. :i, 18M; must, out Jul.v 1, 
ISto. 

John II. Smith, enl. Oct. H, l.^Gl : re-enl. Jan. 3, lSi>l ; died Sept. 2'J, 
I6M. of wounds receiveil in anion at Opequan, Va. 

John ^Vli6llt, eul. Pec. :il, 1-C3; di<cli. dis^ibilitv Oct. 17, 1S«. 



CHAPTER XV. 

CIVIL WAR.— ( Co„ti«ueii.) 

Twelfth. Reg'iment. — The foUowiiio; hi.storical 
sketch of the Twelfth Keuiment is taken from the j 
first adilress before the Society of the Twelfth Eegi- I 
ment New Jersey Voluuteers, delivered at its reunion | 
in Woodbury, Feb. 22, 1875 : j 

'"The Twelfth Regiment was organized under the 
•provision of an act of Congress approved July 22, ' 
1S61, and under a call issued by the President of the : 
United States July 7, 1862, for three hundred thou- 
sand additional volunteers to serve tor three years, or 
during the war. This regiment was one of the five j 
required from this State under the call named. The ; 
organization of the regiment was begun in July, and j 
was fully completed, and the regiment was officered j 
and equipped, by the 4th day of September, 1S62, at i 
which time it was mustered into the service of the [ 
United States for three years by Capt. William B. ; 
Royall, Fifth Cavalry, U.S.A. The several compa- 
nies of the regiment were raised in the following- 
named counties respectively : Company A in the 
county of Salem, Company B in the counties of 
Camden and Burlington, Company C in the county 
of Camden, Company D at large, but chiefly, I think, 
iu the county of Camden, Company F in the county 
of Gloucester, Company G in the counties of Cam- 
den and Cumberland. Company H in the county of ' 
Salem, Company I in the county of Salem, and ' 
Company K in the county of Cumberland. i 

"The regiment left Woodbury f where it had been 
encamped) and the State Sept. 7, 1862, under orders ! 
for Washington, but on its arrival at Baltimore was ; 
diverted from its route by Gen. Wool, and ordered to 
Ellicotfs Mills, on the line of the Baltimore and • 
Ohio Railroad, then threatened by the advance of the 
rebel army into Maryland. The strength of the ■ 
regiment when it left the .State was: officers, 39; 
non-commissioned officers and privates, 953 ; total, 
992. As a proof of the severity of its service, it may 
be here mentioned that its strength present for duty 
at Cold Harbor, Va., June 4, l.s64, less than two years 
afterward, was : officers, 3 ; non-commissioned officer.■^ 
and privates, 90; total, 93. The regiment joined the 
Army of the Potomac, and wa.s put in position on the 



Rappahannock, about tliree miles above tlie towns of 
Falmouth and Fredericksburg, on the 19th of De- 
comber, lSi)2, and from that time until the clo.^e of 
the war, wherever and whenever hard service was 
dune by that army, the regiment had its lull share. 

" I might well pause to tell how it held its ground 
at Chancellorsville until its riglit was turned by Jack- 
sou's corps, and its colonel and one hundred and 
seventy-eight of its officers and men were stricken 
down; how sternly at Gettysburg it stood upon the 
right of the left centre of the army, the key of the 
position, and with the rollins fire of its smooth-bore 
muskets smote, as with the blast of death, Pettigrew's 
brigade of North Carolina troops, which formed the 
left of Lougstreet's charging columns ; of its sutJer- 
ing in the severe winter campaign of Mine Run ; of 
how it plunged through the icy waters of the Rapi- 
dan at Morton's Ford ; of the wonderful campaign 
of the Wilderness, where, in a short space of thirty 
days, our devoted regiment lost more thau three hun- 
dred killed and wounded out of a total of four hun- 
dred and twenty-five muskets ; of its service, its 
losses, its sutTerings by night and day during the 
summer of 1864, and until the rebel army surren- 
dered, and the war was ended ; but to you it. is a 
familiar story, and I forbear." 

During the period of its service the regiment was 
present and under fire in more than thirty general 
engagements, besides a large number of combats and 
skirmishes, viz. : 

ChancellorSTilK Va., May 3 and 4, 1SG3 ; Gett.vsburg, Pa.. July J and 
3, 1SC3 : Fulling Watere, Hd., July 13, 1863 : .\uburn Mills, Ya., Oct. 14, 
Isi;^; Blackburn's Ford, Va.,Oct. 16, 1S63; Robinson's Tavern, Va., XoT, 
2T, 1503: Mine Run.Va., Nov. -JS, -29, and 30, lSi:3: Morton's Ford, Va., 
Feb. 6, 1S64 ; Wilderness, Va.. May 5 and 6, 1SG4 ; Spottsylvania, Va., May 
.S to 11,1SG4; Spottsylvania Court-House, Va., May 12 to 13,18(14; North 
and S.>uth .\nna Kivers, Va., May 24 to 26, 1864 ; Tolopotomy, Va., May 
30and 31, ISCl: Cold Harbor, Va., June2 to 12, 1SG4: before Petersburf, 
Va.. Juno 16 to 2-3, 1864; Deep B.jttom, Va., July '25 to 2'.). ISM: Mine 
Ei]ilo3ion, Va , July 30,1864; Xorlh Bank of James River, Va., Aug. 14, 
1j,18M: Keam'sStalion,Va.,Aui;.2o, 1864: Fort Sedgwick, Va., Sept. 10, 
1804 Hatcher's Ran, Va., Oct. -27, 1864: Boydton Pl.ink Road, Va, Oct. 
27, 1814; Hatcher's Run.Va., Feb. 6 to 8, 16M ; Dabney'a Mills, Va., 
Feb.2S,lS6o; Hatcher's Run, Va., March 20,1865 ; Boydton Plank Road, 
Va., April 1, IS'io; Capture of Petersburg, Va., April 2, 1S65; Sailor's 
Creek, Va., April 6, 1562; Hiuh Bridce, Va., April 7, 186.5; Farmville, 
Ya., April 7, lS6o; Lee's surrender, .Appomattox, Ya., April 9, 186-5. 

The total strength of the regiment during its term 
of service was 1899 : at muster in, 992 ; gain from all 
sources, 907. In order to ascertain, however, its total 
strength during its term of active service, there should 
be deducted from the aggregate stated 300, being the 
number of recruits who joined it at BurkesviUe, after 
thesurrenderof Lee, which will show its total strength 
before the close of tlie war to have been 1599. There 
died in the service, — of its officers, 9 ; of its non-com- 
missioned officers and privates, 252 ; making its total 
loss by deaths, 261 ; being a loss by death of a little 
more than one-fourth of the original nuiiiber of its 
rank and file, and of its officers, exclusive of tlie med- 
ical staff and quarterma.ster. Its other lo.sses were, — 
of officers discharged, 12; resigned, 14; total, 26: of 



74 



HISTORY OF GLOUCKSTElt, SALEM, AND CUMBKULANU COUNTIK,- 



enlistod men (ii?ch;ir:;od, l.'>0; total rcfigiiod .inii dis- 
clmrgcd, 1S5: add ^w^es hv dc:ith. 2'jl ; total los-ii-^ 
from nil causes, 44ii ; boin:; almost ono-lialf of its 
original number. 

It is proper to state that the ro~i,£:natioiis and dis- 
charges were chielly on aeeount. ot" disability caused 
by wounds or disease contracted in the service. Con- 
sidering the deaths in the service by the respective 
companic-s, there died of Company ,\ 1 otTiccr and .24 
men ; Company B, 2i> men : Company C, 1 otiiocr and 
22 men ; Company 1~>. 1 ut'icer and 21 men : Company 
E, 1 officer and 31 men ; Company F. 1 ulticer and 3o 
men ; Company G, 1 officer and 26 men ; Company 
H, 1 officer and IS men ; Company I, 29 men ; Com- 
pany K, 1 officer and 23 men: unattached substi- 
tutes, 1 : total, 2o2. 

Of the tield and stall", Lieut.-Col. Thomas H. Davis 
was killed. Of the total number of officers originally 
commissioned in the regiment, exclusive of the medi- 
cal statT and quartermaster, and of those who were 
killed or died of tlieir wounds, twelve were wounded 
in action, with greater or less severity, seventeen 
were mustered out before the expiration of their term 
of service, and but tliree who served the full term 
escaped unhurt; and of the enlisted men a very 
large number who were mustered out with the regi- 
ment bear the scars of honorable wounds. The 
official register in tlic adjurant-g _ncr,ir- o'.'.'ce shnv.s 
that no regiment in the State, up to and including 
tlie Fourteentli, suilered as heavy a loss in deaths as 
the Twelfth, excejit the Eighth and Tentli, and one 
of these had a total aggregate of twenty-six hundred, 
and the other of twenty-eight hundred officers and 
men, their loss exceeding our own but very little. 
The Fifteenth sutl'ered a total loss liy death of nine 
ofScers and three hundred and tilty-two men, in a 
total aggregate of eighteen hundred and seventy-one, 
and I believe this to be the heaviest lo^s sutfered by 
anj- of our regiments. 

The regiment wa.s first attached to the Second Bri- 
gade, Third Division; then to the Third Brigade, 
Second Division, Second Army Corps; and at the 
clo^e of the war was attached to a provL-jional corps, 
all ill the Army of tlie Potomac. A part of the regi- 
ment was inustererl out near Munson's Hill, Va., 
June 4, 1805; the remainder near Washington, July 
15, 1SG5. The names of the officers who were killed 
or died of wounds received in action are : 

Lleut.-Col. Th..mas II. Dsivia, killed in Mticn at SpcttsvlTania Court- 
House, Va., Slay l.'.lsOJ; Ca^t. diaries K. Ilur^r.ill. G.tnruny K.killed 
iij action at Gelly^I.ur-, I'.i , July 1, ISO:;; C'j|.t. J,im-s ilcCoUil., U-iii- 
paliy l\ 'lie'l Ji;ly -', l^'^. '.f "..luidi reciiv..,! in action at 0,1, 1 llarb.)r. 
Va. ; Ut Li>-nt. J..I111 M. V- ct', (■,,u,|.ai,y II, kill'il in action at the \ViM»r- 
ness, Va., May 5, 1»M ; I^t Lieut. Juhn II. Rich, Company K, .iirJ ■■-.•pt. 
2, IHH, of woim.ls reccivo.l in aclijn at Ueam'i St^,i„n, Va.; I,t LJLMir. 
Janiea T. I.'nve, Company O, Jie.i Oi;t. 2'i. Ls'.!, of woim.h receive I at 
Bristle Statl-.n, Va.: 1-t I-i-'it. .laniei S. .siiaOoh, Crui-any F, kiU.^l 
in action at Ue.imV station, Va, Ailf. So, l.-i'4; ;.,t Li^ul. Joseph I'ler- 
Mn.C.niiai.v K, kiil.'l in action at Chancillor»\ ille, Va., May 3, l>l,:i; 
2.1 I.leut. r.icharj 11. Tow n,eiid. Company C, kilUJ in action atGcll}*- 
bnrf, Fa., July 3, Itr,3. 



Such is, in brief, the history of the regiment, and 
thouixh there may be others that can show ;is good a 
record, considering the numbers and term of service' 
none. I thiiiii. can ^how :i better one. The Twelfth 
had t!ic;idvantnL;e of bciii'j a peculiarly h.MiiogencoiH 
regiment. Compo-ed largely oi' frcehoidcrs and son- 
of freeholders, raised in ad joining counties, and closelv 
allied both by friendship and blood, its companie- 
stood shoulder to shoulder in more than a score o( 
stridden tield-, with a gali.mtry which the armies ol 
Marlborough or Xajioleon never siiri'n--ed, and iindci 
fiercer musketry lire than the soldiers of those great 
leaders ever met. | 

The Twelfth went forth when the country wa? 
rocking as with the throes of an earthquake, and the 
government and its fiag were rising and falling, with 
the varying fortunes of the tlay, like a feather tossed 
ution an angry ocean. Its course was marked from 
the R:ippahannock to Gettysburg, and from Gettys- 
burg to Richmond and .\ppomattox Coun-House. by 
the graves of its slain and the blood of its wounded, 
and its survivors came i.iack under the sunlight of a 
peace so profound that no martial sound broke tli3 
stillness save the tramp of returning feet, bearing its 
flag, torn by the winds of heaven, blackened by the 
dust of the march and the smoke of battle, and dyed 
through and throuo-h with the blood of its defenders, 
but v,-it!i no stain of weakness or dishonor on its 

streaming folds. ■ i 

I 
I 

TWELFTH KEGIMENT. j 

Gloccestee 0>vntt. 1 

Conipamj A. \ 

Captain, S. S. Chase : Fil^t Lieutenant, .losi.aU Franklin ; Second Lieu- 
tenant, Ellis P. Puippi. 

Wiiliani S. Garwood, ^ergt., enl. .^ug. 2, 1*02 ; trans, to Vet. P.es. Corf« 
.\'jg. 10, 1304; aisch. Jnly li', ls«. ^ 

William K. Chew, onl. July 31, l;o2; must, out June 4, IS63. • 

N'icholaa P. Rarher, enl. July 31, 1SG2; mn»t. out June 4, 1S05. ; 

George n. Cousins, enl. Feb. 29. 1564 ; must, out July 13, 15M. 

Jacob Dchart, enl. .Vu;. 11, 1502; Corp. .Vug. 3, 1S63 : sergl. JIarch 1, 
1-B5; must, out June 4, ISCi. 

Jlizeal C. Kn:.'liah, enl. .\ug. 2.;, 1864; Corp. June 1, 1665; must, out 



! 4, Is 



w 


lliani Fletcher 


enl 


.Vug. 4 


1 


C2 


; trans, to Vet. 


R 


s. Corps 


Jan 




IS'-.-,; .lied June T, 


IS' ,.3. 














Jo 


eph S. Fletcher 


, en 


. -Vug. 4 


IS 


C2 


Corp. Oct. 5, Is 


M; 


DlUit. 


UtJ. 




4, 1-C.-.. 


















VA 


u.ir-l Finh, enl 


.\u 


g. 12, l.S 


2 


d 


sch. disability A 


ug 


12, l.?M 




W 


lliam P. II..II0V 


■ell. 


enl, Jul 


• 2 


•j. 


t'-,i: killed in 


ct 


on May 


2, IS 




at Chancellors 


v,Ue 
















Th 


jmas S. Ilampt 


jn, e 


.I.Aug. 


1.1 


1 


(,l\ must, o.it J 


jne 


4, isn.i. 




Isa 


ac I). Jones, en 


. .\i 


g. D, Ico 


2; 


tn 


n-. to Vet. lies. I 


■or 


^ .Nov. 1 


i,ls 



disch. Sept. 4, I5M. 

Geor.:H H. JIartiri, enl. Aug. 2, lS.r2; killed in action J.ily 3, IS'-i, at 
OettyJ.urg, Pa. 

William JlcMoniile, enl. Aug. 2, 16.'2 ; Corp. Fob. 6, 1504 ; sergl. Oct. 5, 
l.-Ol; n.u^t. out J..ne4, IS.iJ. 

Thouia-s C. M.«-,re, enl. Au^-. 9, 1802; trans, to Vet. Res. Corf>3 Dec. 1, 
li..3; di-cli. July 7, l-.-j. 

Je-se A. Orl-irn, enl. Aug. tl, 1^02; .lied Feb. S, 18i>4, of wounds re- 
ceived at .Morton's Ford, Va. 

Amos Pa.-ker, enl. Aug. 11, l-'2; died March 1.5, 1>01. 

Frank Skinner, enl. Ai.g. M, l-t,2; tn.ns. to Signal Cuf" M.rirl. l,li.-^: 
com. 2d lieut. Co. F Jun.' 24, IsO.t ; diach. June Jl, IvO. 1 

I-aac;leizer, enl. Ai.L'. 9, l^o2: n..i.,t. ...it June 4, I.-.V.. 

Joseph C. Wats.,n,enl. A.ig. 4, 1S02; must. o. it June 3, 1-CJ. ' 



GENERAL HISTOilY. 



75 



Jacob H. Terricks, enl. Aug. ■), 1S62 ; must, out Juno 4, 1SS.V 
Tlioiuas J. Young, enl. iVb. 29, IS1-4 ; inu-t. out July Is, ISM. 

Conipituy 11. 
Lewi0 C. :>park8. musician, enl. .\ug. 22, IS02 ; must, out June 4, lSr>5. 
Oliver ll-i«kc.v, enl. Oct. 3, ISM ; trsn'. to Co. K. 
llHrtin V. B. Sp:»rks, enl. Aug. 22, lSr.2 ; Iraii-i. to Vi>t. Kes. Corps April 

l,lSi'0 ; disth. Jiine2S, IM'O. 
Joshua Trendway, eul. Aug. 14, IS'Vi ; disch disaliility May C, lSf.o. 

Comjiijnti C. 
James Dilkes, sergt., enl. July 29, 1S02: must, out June 4, LS'^S. 
James Atkinson, Corp., enl. Aug. 12, lSi;2 : niu,t. out June 4, ISiv. 
John W. Jordan, corp., eul. Aug. l.j, lji2 . n.u.-t. out June 4, iMo. 
Jacob It. 5I:uhira, cup., enl. July 2.-~, lSi.2 : sergt. Oct. 14, IS'U ; must. 

out June4, ISlo. 
George Anthony, enl. July 29, ISM ; killed in action May 6, \S'A. at 

Wilderness, Va. 
Robert Blackburn, enl. Aug. Ifi, lSi'.2 : must, out June 4, ISii5. 
Patrick Caunair, eul. Aug. 10, 1SG4 ; disch. disability Sept. 12, ISM. 
Benjamin W. Hewitt, eul. Aug. 10, 1502 ; trans, to Vet. Ees. Corps Jan. 

15, IS60 ; disch. July 15, ISOo. 
Charles Jordan, enl. Aug. 15, lSl.2 : must, out June 2S, 18.-^5. 
Hugh Mclnlyre, enl.Aug. 22, lSi;2; disch. June .i.lSW, wounds received 



Anthony Ne 
Chi 



nl. Aug. 13, 1S02; killed in 



May 3, ISiS, 



James White, Corp., enl. July 29, Iffyi; Ist eergt. Sept. 22, 1804; 2d liout. 

Jan. IT, ISO.I; must, out June 4. isr,0. 
George II. Duell, c..rp.,enl. Aug. 7, ISoi ; ueigt. Jan.3, l.-f-T ; dis h. Sept. 

20, 1SC4, wounds received in action. 
Uenry M. Avis, Corp., enl. July 20, lSf.2; sergt. Sept. 22, 1SC4; must, out 

June 4, ISM. 
Abel K. Shute, Corp., enl. July 20, lSr.2; died July :ll, ISM, of wounds 

received at Getty>burg, V.i. 
James L. riummer, Corp.. enl. July 20, lSti2; kille.1 in action May 3, 

1S63, at Chaucellorsville, Va. 
William B. Gleas..n. Corp., enl. Aug. II, 1SC2 ; tran«. to Vet Res. Corp^i 

April 10, lSi;4; disch. June 2S, ISCxi. 
John F. Meley, Corp., enl. Aug. 11, lbG2; must, out June 4. ISM. 
Joseph J. Ashbrook, enl. Aug. 11. 1.S02; disch. dis.ibility Feb. 1", 1S«. 
William Avis, enl. July 29, lSr.2; disch. disability JIarch 31, ISM. 
George W. Allen, enl. Aug. 1, 1S62; died Dec. 9, 1S62. 
John Albright, eid. Aug. 9, 1S02 ; killed in action July 3, 18(i3, at Gettys- 
burg, Pa. 
David Boody, enl. Aug. 11, lSO-2; died .Nov. 13. 1S62. 
Thomas Beren, enl. July 20. 1S62; disch. disibility Dec S, 1S62. 
Allen Baker, Corp., enl. Aug. 4, 1SG2; killed iu action .March 25, lS65,at 

Hatcher's Run, Va. 
Eich.ird Borton, enl. Aug. 7, 1S62 ; killed in action May 3, 1S63, at 

aiancellorsville, Va. 
David Borton, eul. Aug. 7, 1S62 ; sergt. March 20, 1S64 : must, out Juno 



4, IS 



ello 



ille 



on Jlav 12, 1S&4, 



Elias II. Osborn, enl. Aug. IS, 1802; Corp. Oct. 1, 1SC2 : 1st sergt. Feb. 4, 
ISM ; must, out June 4, ISM. 

John Pierce, eul. Aug. 12, lSt32 ; re-enl. Sept. 6, lSiJ4 ; trans, to Vet. Res. 
Corps ; disch. Nov. 21, IsM. 

Charles Scott, enl. July 29, 1S62 ; died April 30, ISM. 

William Smith, enl. Aug. 14, 1ST.2 ; died May IS, 1SC4. of wounds re- 
ceived in action at Spottsylvauia, Va. 

Jantes Wilson, enl. Aug. 1, 1S62. 

Jo-'cih W;,!- .;,, e:,i. Arg. 1 :, I.'lVJ ; ;nust. out Jiuie 14, l-"j. 

James Watson, enl. Aug. 13, 1SC2 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps; died March 
24, 1804. 

Compnv'i D. 

Captain, William Henry Moore: First Lieutenant, John W. Paris; 

Second Lieutenant, James Mcllhenn.'y. 
Samuel F. Cassidy, Corp.. enl. Aug. IS, iM'J ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps 

Nov. 15, 1S03; disch. June 20, 1^04. 
John B. CampLell, corp., en'.. An-,-. IS, 1802 ; died March 27, 1863. 
Daniel Richmon.l, enl. Aug. II, 1662; must, out June 4, ls05. 
William H. Swilt, enl. Aug. 19, 1S02; must, out June 4, 1S05. 
William Brown, enl. Aug. IS. lbB2; died Nov. IS, 1S03. 
Daniel Connelly, enl. Aug. IS, 1S02 ; must, out June 4, l.?6o. 
George Connelly, eid. Aug. 0, l.-G^. 
Charles Camp, enl. Aug. 23, 1S02; died April 10, ISM. 
Edward Mdls, eul. Aug. 20, 1862; killed in action June 3, 1804, at Cold 

Harbor, Va, 
Siimuel Park, enl. Aug. 21, 1802 ; corp. Nov. 8, 1S02 ; must, out May 30, 

ISO.^. 
Joseph Rile, enl. Aug. 12, 1SC2; missing in action at Spottsylvania Court- 

llouse, Va.. 5Iay 12, ISM. 
Five Thompson, eul. Aug. 1.5, 1802 ; inu-t. out June 4, 1S63. 
Christian Vechan, enl. Aug. 21, 1802; disch. July is, l.>05, wounds re- 
ceived in action at Spottsylv.-.nia Court-Uouse, Va. 
Uriah S. Watkins, enl. Aug. 2J, 1j62; Corp. Dec. 27, ISO^; sergt. Jan. 

1,1805; must, out June 4, ISM. 
Cbailes A. Weiilnmn, enl. Aug. -21, 1802; hosp. steward Sept. 12, 1804. 
J.hu McKeon, enl. Aug. 10, 1602: killed in action May 3,1*03, at Chan- 

celloisville, V.i. 
Dennis Ryan, enl. Aug. 22, 1S02; killed in action Jlay 3, 1803, at Chan- 

cellorsville, Va. 
Willi.ini Tozer, enl. Aug. 13, 1802; must, out June 4, 18M. 

Conqiaity F. 
Captain, E. L. St:atton; Fir=t Lieutenants, J. J. Tumble, JaDjes S. Strat- 

ton; Second Lieutenant, .JuMpli Pierson. 
William F. l'ici^on,tergt., enl. July 20, 1802; 1st sergt. Dec. II, 1S02; 

trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Apiil 1, ISM; disch. June 20, 1-05. 
Charles D. Lippincotf, sergt., enl. July 20,1802; sergt.-nii.j. ; 1-t lieut. 

Oct. .■;i, l.%3 ; capt. Co. B Sept. 13, 1-804. 
Azariah Slratton, corp, -nl. July 29, 1802 ; sergt, Dec. II, 1802; Ist sergt. 

I, 1804; Isl lient. Sei,t. 13, 1804; capt. Ju:ie 24, 1805. 



Edward Barney, enl. Aug. 7, 1802; killed in 

Spottsylvania Court-Honse, Va. 
Jacob Bender, enl. Aug. 11, 1SG2; must. out. June 4, ISM. 
J.imes Corneal, enl. Aug. 11, lMi2; corp. Dec. 14, 180:3; disch. tUsability 

Jan. IS, 1S64. 
George H. Cole.s, enl. Aug. II, 1802; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps; disch. 

June II, 1805, wounds received in action. 
Edward Casperson, enl. Dec. 2S, 180:1; disch. disability Oct. 21, 1S65. 
Joseph 51. Carter, eul. Dec. 2S, 1863; must, out June 15, 1805. 
George W. Dunlap, enl. July 30, IS62: must, out June 12, 1865. 
William Dermitt, enl. Aug. 7, 1S02; killed in action May 0, lN64,at Wil- 



s, Va. 



rps Jan. 1,1804; 



Alfred Eastburn, enl. Aug. 1,1802; trans, to Vet 

re-enl. Aug. 25, 1804 : disch. Nov. 21, 1,805. 
James Eacritt, enl. Aug. 7, 1802; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Jan. 13,1864 : 

disch. Feb. 8, 1804. 
George J. EldriJge. eul. Aug. 9, 1S02 ; died March 5, ISOi. 
Aaron B. Eacritt, enl. Aug. 25, 1S64; must, out June 4, 1.-05. 
George W. French, enl. July 29, 1802; Corp. Dec. 11, 1802; disch. dis 

ability Oct. 14,1804. 
Ellwood Gristoui, enl. July 'iO, 1S02; corp. Sept. '20, 1863: sergt. Oct. 0, 

1863; ■2d lieut. Co. A Jan. 17, 18M. 
Joshua C. Grice, enl. Aug. 4, 1802; corp. 5Iarih 1, 1S64 ; must, out June 

4, 1865. 
Samuel S. Greenwo.^d, enl. Aug. 9, 1862; killed in .action May 3,1803. 

at Chaucellorsville, Va. 
Joseph T. Garwood, enl. Aug. 11, 1802; disch. d:s;ibility Dec. 24, 1S03. 
William P. Haines, enl. July 29, 1SC2; Corp. Sept. 1,1804; must, out 

June 4, 1805. 
Theodore F. Hudson, enl. Ang. 5, 1SG2 ; must, out June 4, 1SC5. 
Samuel G. Headley, enl. Aug. 5, 1802; died May 3\ I81X, of wounds re- 
ceived in action at Spott-ylvaioa, Va. 
Isaac K. Horner, enl. Aug. 11, ls02; corp. Sept. 22, 1;64; must, out June 

4. I81M. 
Joseph S. Ilarker. enl. Ang. 11,1802; must, out June 4, 186i. 
Enos Hann. eul. Ang. II, 1802 ; must, out June 4. 1803. 
Samuel Iredell, enl. Aug. 11, 1802; Corp. March 1,1804; must, out June 

4. 1S05. 
George W. Jennings, enl. Aug. 4, 1S02 ; corp. March 20, 180.3; must, out 

June 4, 1865. 
William H.Johnson, eul. July 31, 1802; killed in action July :!, ISO!, at 

Gettysburg, Pa. 
Joseph Jones, enl. Aug. 7, 1802 ; died June 13, 1804, of wounds received 

in action at Cold Harbor, Va. 
John C. Jackson, enl. Aug. 11, 1.802; died Feb. I, 1804. 
Alfred Jones, enl. Aug. 11, 1802 ; coq). June 11, 1803 ; disch. disability 

Jan. 20, 1804. 
Isaac P. Kiiis.dl, enl. Aug. 11, 1802; disch. disability March 9, 18M. 
David W. Keen, wagoner, enl. Aug. II, 1802; mu-t. out June 4, l-M. 
Louis Kellogg, enl. Aug. 5, 1802; trans, to Vet. Bes. Corps Sept. 30, 1 804; 



. Jun 



76 



HISTORY OF GLOUCKSTKR, SALKM, AND Cl'MliEKl.AM) COUNTIlvS. 



William Lakes, enl. July 29, ISC.;; dit-J Fvb. 13, ISKi. 
John >U.v, ml. ,'ul.v 29, Isi.i ; must, mit .Iiiiie 4. lsr,5. 
BtfDJnmiu F. M«lt-on, ciil, July 29, lsf.2; trims, lo Vel. Res. Coria Dec. 

15, ISOi; JimIi. July 29, 1.<G5. 
Cliailcs Miller, cnl. .\ug. 4, lMi2 ; killo.i in action at Biistuo St.iliou 

Oct. 14, ISii ). 
William Mcnicroif, enl. .\ug. 5, 1SC2; lorp. Fel.. >'.,lSCo; must, niit June 

4, 1SC.-1. 
CImrles JlcIUaine, enl. Aug l5, 1SC2 ; must, out June 4, 1SC.5. 
Joseph W. Jluore,eul. .\ug. 9, Ui.i; must, out June 4, lsG5. 
Adam JUrsliall, enl. Aug. 9, 1,-iy ; ,litj June ID, lS6:i, of wounus re- 
ceived in action at ClianceUorsville, Vu. 
George Meley, Jr.. enl. Aug. U, 1S02 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps April 1, 

1865; discli. June 27, iMW. 
James >Io-ey, enl. Aug. U, lt-G2; must, out June 4. ISM. 
Lewis 51uta, enl. Aug. U, l.<|-.2 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps March 31, 

1S64; disch. June 24, 1865. 
William S. -Moore, enl. Aug 22, 1862; killtj in action May 3, ISCI, at 

Chaucellorsville, Va. 
Charles T. Norris, musician, enl. Aur. 4, 1S62 ; must, out June 4, LSW. 
Frederick Noll, enl. March 5, lMi4. 
William H. I'ark, enl. Aug. 9, 1S62: disch. Dec. 4, 1.S64, to accept com. 

U. S. C. T. 
William Press, enl. Aug 7, 1S52; disch. disability July 30. 1S63. 
James K. Russell, enl. July 31, 1S(>2 ; must, out July 4, l.-Co. 
William L. Stevenson, enl. Jan. 4, 1S04 ; must, out July 13, 1,«6,5. 
William H. II. Stratton, enl. July 29, 1802 ; corp. Dec. 11, 1S62 ; killed 

in action July 3, 1863, at Gettysburg. 
Charles C. Stratton, enl. July 20, 1862 ; killed in action May 12, 1864, at 

Spottsylvauia Conrt-Honse, Va. 
Emanuel Stratton, Jr., enl. Aug. 11, 1SG2 ; disch. March 14, 1S64, woundj 



lies M. Wllkius, enl. Aug. 12, 1802 
1SC4: discli. June 29, 1SC5. 



. Vet. Res. Corps Ma) 



red i 



on May 12, 1804, at 



Leonard L. Stiles, enl. July 30,1862; killed 

SpottsylvLu.ia Court-Hi^use, Va. 
William H. Stone, enl. Aug. 9, 1862; must, out June 4, 1865. 
Isaac II. S.^u'., c;)!. Aug. 11, IS62; must, out June 4, ISW. 
Jacob K. Shoemaker, enl. Aug. 11, 1862; corp. Dec. 13, 1863; must, out 

May 24, 1805. 
Warren II. Somraers, enl. Aug. 11, lSu2; disch. disability July 25, 1863. 
Edward F. Sweeten, enl. Aug. U, 1SU2; died March 8, 1863. 
Joseph A. Test, enl. Aug. 11, 1SIj2 ; disch. disability June 10, 1865. 
Joseph Tompkins, enl. Aug. 2, 1862; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Dec. 15, 

1S63; di-ch. June 29, 1865. 
John Tonkin, enl. Aug. 11, 1862; Corp. Dec. 13, 1862; sergt. Feb. 6, 

1665; must, out ^4, 1865. 

Miles S. Turner, enl. Aug. 5, 1862 ; trans, to Vet. Kes. Corps Dec. IS, 

18R5; disch. June 29. 1863. 
Albert J. We.,lherby, eul. Aug. 4, 1802 ; killed in action May 3, 1S63, at 

Chaucellorsville, Va. 
John B. Wanisley, enl. Aug. 4, 1802; must, out June 4, 1865. 
Charles M. Wilson, eul. Aug. 5, 1862 ; died of wounds received in action 

at NVildemess, Va. 
Joseph L. While, eul. Aug. 11, 1662; corp. March 1, 1864; sergt. Feb. 

18, 18C5; must, out June 4, l>6j. 
Charles K. Wood, enl. Aug. 11, 1SC2; died May 10, 1803, of woumls re- 
ceived in action at Cbancelloraville, Va. 

Robert K. Burk, enl. Aug. 13, 1862; must, out June 4, 1865. 

Jeremiah Ca.sto, enl. Aug. 15, 1802; Corp. Jan. 1, ISia ; l,t sergt. April 

24, 1865; must, out June 4, 1805. 
John B. Carey, enl. Aug. 12, 1802; must, out June 4, 1805. 
William V. Carter, enl. Aug. 12, 1602 ; disch. di-ability Dec. II, 186:!. 
Henry C. Den icksou, enl. Aug. 12, 1S02 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps March 

15, 1804 ; murdered June 20, K-Ot. 
David E. EUridge, eul. Aug. 12, 1862 ; corp. March 1, 1803 ; must, out 

July 1, ISOo. 
Amos Frampes, eul. Aug. 9, 1862 ; corp. Oct. 30, 1864 ; must, out June 

4, 1865. 
Benjamin U.>jd, enl. Aug. 4, Ih^jl ; must, .jut June 4, IS0.5. 
Joseph T. Iligsiuson, enl. Aug. 12, 1802 ; di.-ch. disability Oct. 19, laO^. 
Charles E. Madara, enl. Aug. 11, 1802 ; must, out June 4, IsW. 
Henry U. Icichnioud, enl. Aug. 25, 1802 ; died Jan. 13, l*ia. 
William B. Skill, enl. Aug. 1-, 1802; mining in action at Gettysburg, 

Pa., July 3, 1863. 
Joseph J. Thompson, enl. Aug. 13, IHC: ; trans, lo Vel. Kes. Corps March 

18, 1804 ; disch. July 18, 1865. 



Comyam, U. 
Captain, II. A. Matlison ; First Lieutenant, Joshua Lippincott ; Second 

Lleutcliaut, John il. Fogg. 
Jacob K. L.wallen, Corp., enl. Aug. 13, 1802 ; sergt. May 1, ls.-,3 ; must. 

out Juno 4, 18ii3, 
Thomas J. French, corp., enl. Aug. 13,1662; disch. disability Dec. 19. 

186;). 
Joseph K. Butclier, enl. Aug. 13, 1802; died Aug. 6, 1864, of wounds 

received in action bcf,.re Petersburg, Va. 
James P. Beckett, enl. Aug. 13, ls02 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps April 1", 

1,SG4: disch. July 3, 1865. 
Charles French, enl. Aug. 13, 1802 ; died Dec. 23, ls63. 
Amos C. IIonian,enl. Aug. 13, 1802; tiiins. to Vet. Res. Corps Dec. 13, 

18133 ; disch. June 28, l.'^eS. 
Peter D. Uewlings, enl. Aug. 13. 1802; trans, to Vet. Res. Corjis Jan. 1, 

1865; disch. June 23, 1805. 
John Hewlings, enl. Aug. 13, 1862; trans, to Vet. Kes. Corf« Nov. 23, 

180.:i ; died Dec. 22, 1803. 
Daniel Kiernan, enl. Aug. 13. 1802 ; killed in action July 2, 1803. at 

Getty^burs, Pa. 
Charles H. Kates, enl. Aug. 1.1, 1862: Corp. Sept. 3, 1<04; sergt. Feb. 2, 

1805; killed in action Feb. 28, 1865, at DaUney's Mills, Va. 
StRCey D. L.ayton, enl. Aug. 13, 1862 , must, out June 4, 1863. 
George H. Lockwood, enl. Aug. 13, 1862; must, out June 4. 1865. 
James Magee, enl. Aug. 13, 1802; trans, to Vet. Kes. Corps March 15, 

1804 : disch. Oct. 20, 1864. 
Azeal Nichols, enl. Aug. 13, 1862; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Aug. 15, 

1804; disch. June 13, 1805. 
Albert J. Nichols, enl. Feb. 2.", 1864 ; must, out July 15, 1865. 
James Stretch, enl. Aug. 13, 1862; corp. Oct. 21,1864; sergt. Feb. 22, 

1865; must, out June 4, 1865. 
Thomas H. Steward, enl. Aug. lo, 1862 ; died May 30, 1864, of wounds 
received in action at Spotlsylvania, Va. 
! Samuel L. Seran. enl. Aug. 13, 18u2 ; disch. Nov. 28, 1803, for woun.ls re- 
i ceived in action at Gettysburg, Pa. 

j William L. Seran, enl. Aug. 13. 1802 ; disch. Aug. 10, 1864, to accept 
j com. in U.S. C. T. 

' James Stetzer, enl. Aug. 13, 1802; trans, to Vet. Kes. Corps March !.'•, 

1864; disch. July 27, 1665. 
! Charles H. Stauton, enl. April 13,1862; corp. Feb. 22, I860; must, out 
1 June 4, 1S6.5. 

! ThomasH. Zane, enl. .\.ug. 13, ls62; corp. Jan. 1. 1864; must, out Miy 
1 IS, 1865. 

\ Compatnj I. 

J. Morgan B,iriies, Ist sergt., enl. July 29, 1802; q.m.-sergt. Jan. I,130o. 
I Robert C. White, Corp., enl. Aug. 20, 1802 : sergt. May 1,1864; sergt.- 
' maj. Oct. 6, 1854. 

j Thomas S. Clianipion, enl. Aug. 14, 1862 ; Corp. Oct. 1, 1862 ; sergt. April 
I 1, 1864; disch. June 10, I810, for wounds received in action at Wil- 

' derness,Va. 

: William J. Clark, enl. Aug. 20, 1802 ; died March 24, 1863. 
', George Sailor, enl. Aug. 22, 1802 ; must, out June 4. 1865. 
' iltidilionu!.— Barclay Gaunt, Benjamin F. Gant, Isaac Jones, Thomas 
I Milsed, William C. Mankin. Samuel D. Mills. Charles P. Mills, An- 

drew J. Pierce, William H. Pierce, William Starr sergeant), Se.]g- 
wick K. Sitliens, Isaac Selzer, Co. A : Henry C llance, William 
Huff, John Huff, Co. Cr John Coffe, Gilbert Davis, Joseph A. Gaut 
^sergeant), Oj. D ; Samuel Fleet, James B. Pierson, William H Stock- 
ton, Co. E ; John Albright, William Dolon, Charles W. Elkins, Wil- 
liam M. Frazer, John Grice, Asa G. Voldcraft, H^nry Jenkins, 
Joshua Livzey, Charles 0. Sharp, Isaac Sickler, Alfred T. S.)mers. 
Warren H. Somers, Co. F; Samuel E. Barker, Edward L. Brick 
(Corporal), Hiram Cramer, Theodore Hughes, John Hall ^sergeant), 
John Jaggard, Francis Mills, Howard Turner, Eli Watson, George 
Woodrow, Co. G; John Duwliug, Presmil Hughes, Enos Ilann, 
Stacy D. L.ayton, Peter NMch.ds, Jo.-eph Paul. George C. Sithens 
(sergeant), Co. H; Eli K. Ale , first lieutenant), Henry T. Chew (cap- 
tain), Benjamin Sailor, Clement White, Co. I, George Hughes (ser- 
geant), Co. K ; Samuel T. Miller (assistant .uigeon). 



Companij A. 
1 H. Fierce, sergt., enl. Aug. 11,1";2; must, out June 4, 180.".. 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



77 



.Ii«ph Burroughs, sergl.,enl. Aug. 11, ISi.i; ,lUch. Fel.. 13, 1SC5, wound 

reocivoJ in action at Cold Ilflrl>i'r, Va. 
1 harlcs F. Sickler. Corp., enl. Aug. II. ISOJ ; seigt. Nov. 1, 1^M ; 2d liout 

Co. I Sept. 19, ISM. 
John W. Edwards. Corp., eul. Aug. 11. 1862 ; killed in action M»,\ 12, 

K^'Vl, at S|iottc.vlvania Conrt-lluuse. Ya. 
f.iniuel Villiauis. Corp., eul. Aug. II, 1.^0.2; must, out M^>v 19, IS.:.',. 
i-harles P. Mills, Corp., enl. Aug. 11, 1S132; must, out June 4, l.'-O,'.. 
Andrew S. Chase, Corp., enl. Aug. 11. 1S|12; trans, to Vet. Kes. Coris; 

re-eul. Sept. 3, lSli4. 
Eli K. Ale, enl. Aug. 1, lSii2; id licut. Co. I Jan. 30, ISSo. 
PanicI #. A.vres, eul. Aug. 11, 1S02 ; must, out .Inne 4, lSi;5. 
.lames S. Butler, enl. Aug. II, l.*t;2; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps March 23, 

1504; disch. Jnl.v 7, IfW. 
.lohn J. Boon, enl. Aug. 11, l.'i^ : must, out May 19, IS'o. 
lianitl S. Clark, enl. Aug. 11, 1S02; disch. di.-ahilit.v March 19, 1SG4. 
All.ert Coonihs, enl. Aug. 11, 1m.2; died April 27, 1S63. 
.lacoh Deuelsl.eck, enl. April M, I?i2; disch. disahility Dec. 11, ISM. 
liavid B. Elivell, eul. Aug. 11, lSi;2; Corp. Jan. 1, ISOo ; must, out Juno 

4, ISM. 
lienjaniin 1". Edwards, enl. Aug. 10, ISi'.i; disch. disahilil.v Jlarch 4, 

ISlvJ. 
Biucla.v Gaunt, eul. Aug. 11, lSu2; discb. Oct. 3o. 1SG4, wounds received 

iu action at Cold Harbor, Va. 
Benjamin F. Gaunt, enl. Aug. 11, ISGJ; trans, to Vet. Kes. Corps Sept. 

30, 1*64 ; Corp. June 2S, IS1.0; disch. June 2S, IS60. 
Charles S. Garrison, enl. Aug. 11, 1S02 ; died July 23, 1SG3. 
Paniou T. Gillumn, cid. Dec. Co, 1SC3: must, out June 20, 1805. 
Hubert Harris, enl. Aug. 11, l.~C2 ; Corp. Sept. 1, 1S63; must, out May 

20, ISGo. 
Abraham S. Harris, enl. Aug. 11, 1SC2 ; Corp. Aug. 3, 1S63; died May 6, 

18C1, killed at Wilderness. 
William H. Harris, enl. Aug. 11, lSii2 : died May 14, 1S03, of wounds 

received iu action at Chancellorsville, Va. 
Francis B. Harris, enl. Aug. 11, 1S62 ; mu>t. out May 29, I8C0. 
Jacob V. Harvey, eul. Aug. 11, 1S62; trans, to Vet. lies. Corps April 10, 

ISCi; disch. July 3. 1S65. 
Is:iac Kates, enl. Aug. 11, 1802; must, out June 4, 1863. 
Albert T. Lawrence, enl. Aug. H, 1802; trans, to Vet. Ees. Corps Feb. 

15, 1864 ; disch. June 27, isr.5. 
J.imes K. Ludwick, enl. Aug. 11, 1S02 ; must, out June 4. 1SC5. 
William C.Mankin, enl. Aug. 11, 1862; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Feb. 

15, 1S64 ; disch. July 5, 1SG5. 
David E. Mitchell, enl. Aug. 11. 1862; must, out June 4, IS.j. 
Joseph S. Mutta, enl. Aug. 11, 1802; trans, to Vet. Res. Corlis March 23, 

lSf4; disch. June 29, 186.5. 
John A. Meyern, eul. Aug. 11, 1662 ; must, out June 12, 1865. 
John MciJuiUon, enl. Aug. 11, 1862 : must, out June 4, 18I-.5. 
James Murphy, enl. Aug. 11, ls02 ; must, out June 4, 1866. 
Joseph Moriian, Jr., enl. Aug. 11, 1802; disch. Sept. 20, 1S63, wounds 

received in action at Gettysburg. 
William A. Mackin, enl. Aug. 11, lsi.2; died March 19, 186:1. 
Furman K. Parvin, enl. Aug. 11, 1S03; Corp. Sept. 12, 1803; Ist sergt. 

Jan. 1,1865; must, out June 4, 1865. 
Andrew J. Pierce, enl. Aug. 11, 1862; must, out June 4, 1865. 
Charles H. Peterson, enl. Aug. 11, 1862; must, out June 4, 1S65. 
l.eorge T. Poulson, enl. Aug. 11, 1S02. 
Joseph R. Powell, enl. Aug. 13, 1862; killed in action June 3, 1802, at 

Cold Hai bor, Va. 
.•^edgwick B. Sitliens, enl. Aug. 11, lt02; must, out June 6, 1865. 
Daniel Smalley, enl. Aug. 11, 1802; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps .March 15, 

1804 ; disch. June 28, 1803. 
William H. Sayers, enl. Aug. 11, 1862; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Sept. 29, 

1804 ; disch. June 20, 1805. 
.Martin Schnelzler, enl. Aug. 11, 1602; must, out June 4, I860. 
Heuiy Schnetzler, enl. Aug. 11, 1802; died May 0, IS'B. 
John T. S.iyres, enl. Aug. 11, Ii-02; killed in action May 6, 1804, at Wil- 

dernes.s, Va. 
Ji'vph P.. Stewart, eul. Anu'. 11. ISOJ; corp. Jur.e 20, 1803; eergt. Jan. 

l,1^65; must, out June 4, IfOS. 
Adum Storms, enl. Aug. 11, 1862; trans, to Vet. Kes. Corps Dec. 1, 1863; 

re-enl. Sept. 4, I8'4 ; disch. Nov. 21, 1865. 
Auley IS. W. bhel^pard, eul. Aug. 11. I^02; killed in action May 3, 1S63, 

at Chancellorsville, Va. 
Charles H. Ferry, enl. Aug. II, lSi;2; disch. June 23, 1805; wound re- 
ceived in iClioD at Hatcher's Run, \a. 



John 5I0 



Company B. 
epi. 5, ISC4; trans, to Co. C. 



Comi-miii D. 
AMen Abbott, enl. Ang. 21, 1862; disch. disability Dec. 11, 186.1. 
J.'el AbKit, enl. Aug. 21, 1862: disch. disability Dec. 11, 18C.3. 
JubnW. Broadwater, eul. .^ug. 22. 186-2;corp. Dec. 27, IS'CJ; sergt. Ma} 

4, 1804; must, out June 4. 1865. 
W-illi;un Barton, enl. Aug. 23, 1S02; disch. (insanel Dec. 20, 1804. 
Joseph Basselt, Jr., enl. Aug. 22, IS02; must, out Jlay 30, 1865. 
John Wilson Carson, enl. Aug. 15, 1862; must, out Juuo 4, I8«. 
Charles W. Gamble, enl. .\ug. 22, 1862; corp. April II, 1803; died Jan. 

13, ism. ■ 

J.imes Garrison, enl. Aug. 22, 1802; killed in action May 3, 1863, at 

Chancellorsville, Va. 
Enos Garrison, eul. Aug. 1?, 1802; must, out June 4. 1804. 
Daniel Ga<kill, enl. Aug. 23, 1^G2; corp. Nov. 1, 1862; disch. di*ibility 

Dec. 11, ISiW. 
Samuel Green, eul. Aug. 23, 1S02; must, out Juue 4, 1805. 
Andrew Hastings, enl, Ang. 13, 1802; died March 15, 1863. 
John H, Johnson, enl. Aug. IS, 1S62 ; killed in action May 3, 1863, at 

Chancellorsville, Va. 
John Kite, enl. Ang. 15, 1S62: Corp. Dec. 26, lSr>4; mu-t, out Aug. 3, 

1865. 
Joseph Kite, enl. Aug. 15. 1S02 ; must, out June 4, ISOO. 
Thomas L. l.utts, enl. Aug, 23, 1802; disch. disjibility Dec. 15, 1863. 
Isaac D. Mayhen-, enl. Ang. 13, 1862 ; trans, to Vet. Ees. Corps Jan. 15, 

1864; disch. May 26, 1S64. 
David V. M Smith, eul. Aug. 20, 1862; died Oct. 14, 1803. 
Henry H. Sheppard, enl. Aug. 21, 1S62 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Nov. 

3, 1863; disch. Jan. 26, 1804. 
Henry Woodward, enl. Aug. 22, 1802; trans, to Vet. Kes. Corps Nov. 1, 

IS&i; disch. Sept. 12, 1865. 

Company E. 
Israel J. Conklin, musician, enl. Aug. 22, 1802; trans, to Vet. Res. 

Corps Jan. 15, IS'H; re-enl. Sept. 13, 1804. 
Thomas J. Gordon, enl. Aug. 12, 1JC2; discb. di-ability July 28,1865. 
Charles Hannahs, enl. April 5, 1865; must, out July 15, 1803. 
Ira B, Ridgway, enl. April 5, lo05; must, out July 15, 1865. 

Compatill F. 
Samuel Williams, 1st sergt., Aug. 21. 1802; 2d iieut. Co. H Dec. 11, 1802. 
John Grice, enl. Aug. 6, 1S'..2: Corp. Oct. 1, ISO^l; must, out June 4, 1804. 
William Giahani, eul. April 4. Is04; must, out July 15, 1S04. 
Joseph B. Hilliard, enl. July 19, 1802; must, out June 4. l.».;5. 
Alfred J. Somers, enl. Aug. 11, 1862: died March 1,3, 1803. 
Elisha Stewart, enl. Aug. 15, 1S62 ; corp. July 20, 1863 ; 1st sergt. F«b. 0., 
1865; must, out June 4,1805. 

Cornea liv G. 
Isiiiah GrofT, enl. July 25,1802; Con). Oct. 30,1864; mvLst. out June 4, 

1805. 
Richar.l Groff, enl. July 25, 1802 ; died :March 29, 1803. 

Ccmpanil H. 
John H. Groff, 1st sergt., enl. Aug. 13, 1802; tnins. to Vet. Res. Corps 

Sept. 30, UiA; disch. Aug. 17,1803. 
George W. Swiug, sergt., enl. .-Vug. 13, 1802; 1st licut. May 5, I8C4, 

capt. June 24, 1805; must, out July 15, IS05. 
John D. Somers, sergt., enl. Aug. 13,1802; 5ergt..m,ij. April 25. 1804. 
Joseph Matlack, sergt., enl. Aug. 13,1802; disch. disability Oct. 22,lSra. 
Alfred H. Buck, sergt., enl, Aug. 13, 1802; trans, to Vet, Res. Con-'S Feb. 

10, 16M ; disch. June 27, 1-oS. 
George A. Cobb, Corp., enl. Aug. 13, 1802; sergt. Feb. 1,1604; sergt.-maj. 

Feb. 22, 1805; 2d Iieut. Co. E, April 20, 1865; Ist Iieut June 24, 

1805; must, out July 15, 18ij5. 
Thomas 0. Slater, Corp., Aug. 1.3, 1802; sergt. Jan. 1,1814; Istserg. Feb. 

1, 1804; Ist Iieut. Co.' B April 11, 1804. 
Clarksou Jennings, Corp., enl. Aug. 13, 1»02 ; sergt. Oct. 23, 181.2 ; disch. 

disability June 28, 1804. 
Francis C. Cook, Corp., enl. Aug. 13, 1662; sergt. Sept. 1. 1.801; 2d lioul. 

Jan. 17, 1865; must, out June 4. 1805 
Chii,-,topheiC. Mead, Corp., enl. Aug 13,1862; killed in action June 3, 
j 1804, at Cold Harbor, Va. 

William N. Johnson, musician, enl. Aug. 13, 180.2; must, out June 4, 
I lSi.5. 



IIISTORV OF ("il>Ol"CKSTF,K, SALEM, AND CUM BFKLAXl) COUNTIES. 



Aug. 13, lSi;2; disch. di5u\.ility 



t, out Mnv -li. 1? 
rp. Fell. ■.;, Ifia; 



Williaui W. YiTiiest, wngor 

Jliiicli S9. IMvi. 
Paviii II. .Ml.iii>..ii, cnl. .\ui:. 13, ISM: i 
Challos H. .\lkins,.ii. enl. .\iig:. 13, ISiiJ 

June 4, ISkV 

Jonathan Allon, enl. Aug. 13, 1SC2 ; disch. disability i.-i, lSiV3. 

Pavid liallingt-r, enl. Avig. 3, ISiJJ ; solf t. Feb. i, IS«; sergt -niaj. .Ilay 

I, 1S6S. 
AraR. Bun, enl. Aug. 1,1, IStiJ, killed in action May 3, ISC.), at Omu- 

celhrsTille, Va. 
Richard B.irnes, eul. Aug. 13, 15(3.: ; Corp. .May 1, It^ti ; must, out June 

4, l.^lV,. 
Elwood S. Costill, enl. Aug. i:;. Is. .2; disch. disability April 2o, lsi;4. 
John Carter, enl. Aug. 13, 1S6-J; must, out June G. ISCo. 
William S. Cris|.in, enl. Aui:. 13, IS'..'; Corp. May 1, IsOo; musl. out 

June 4. ISlVi. 
John W. Clark, enl. Aug. 13, l.<6;; disch. dis.al.ility May .10, lSii3, 
Joseph P. M. Punlap, enl. Aug. 13, 1602; must, out June 4, ISiJo. 
Elwood S. PulKjis.eid. Aug. 13, 1S62; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps; disch. 

July 13, ISCo. 
Isaac A. Ipubois, eul. Aug. 13, 1S62; corp. Feb. 2, lSt;,i ; must, out June 

4,lS0o. 
John T. PnUiis, enl. Aug. 13, 1502; corp. June 4, lsi'4; sergt. May 22, 

ISCo; must, out June 4, ISCo. 
Theodore F. Dare, enl. Aug. 13, 15102 ; must, out June 4, ISC.i. 
John Cowling, enl. Aug. 13, lSi-.2; killed in actiou May 3, l.sC.'.at Clj.in- 

cellorsvile, Va. 
Albert S. Emmell, enl. Aug. 13, lSi;2; must, out June 4, 1S0.O. 
Edward L. Fisher, enl. Aug. 13. 1S62 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Cori« Feb. 15, 

ISM; disch. July 5, lSi',o. 
Samuel Grice, enl. Aug. 13, 1S62; killed in action June 3, 1S64, at Cold 

Harbor, Va. 
William S. Haiker, enl. Aug. 13, IS'U; killed in action July 2, ISIVJ, at 

Gettysburg, Fa. 
William Hendricks, enl. Aug. 13, 1SG2; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Aug. 

3, 1SH3; died Aug. 30, 1863. 
Enos Uuun, enl. Aug. 13, I01.2; mu,t. otit June 4, 13u3. 
Andrew Hann, enl. Aug. 13, IS62 : disch. disability July 2ii, ISlB. 
Samuel Headley, enl. Aug. 13, 1602 ; disch. disability April 10,1303. 
Uriah B. Josliu, enl. Aug. 13, HG2 ; disch. Jan. 11, 1S64, wounds received 

in action at ChancellorsviUe, Va. 
Rich.ard S. Kirby, enl, Aug. 13, lSi;2; died May 17, ISM, of wounds re- 
ceived in action at ChancellorsviUe, Va, 
John L. Kecu, enl. Aug, 13, 1662; disch. disability Jan. 1, 1S63. 
Robert R. Katea, enl. Aug. 13, l.Sti2; Corp. Jan. 1, 1S64; sergt. Sept. 1, 

1604; 1st sergt. Feb. 2, 1865; 2d lieut. Co. G, April 20, 1865. 
John Killy, enl. Aug. 13, 1802; Corp. Feb. 22. 1865; must, out June 4, 

I860. 
Joseph A. Kille, enl. Aug. 13, ISOi: killed in action May 6, 1664, at Wil- 

John W. Ki.ld, enl. Aug. 13, 1662; trans to Vet. Res. Corps March 16, 

1864; disCh. July o, 1665. 
William M. Londerback, enl. Aug. li, 1S62 ; must, out June 12, 1S65. 
ElwooJ H. Loper, eul. Aug. 13, 1662; disch. April SO, 1S64, wounds re- 
ceived in action at ChancellorsviUe, Va. 
James Lippincott, enl. Aug. 13, 1862; mn.st. out June 4, 186.:.. 
John R, Morton, drafted April 4, 1665: must, out June 4, 1665. 
John Mai tin, enl. Aug. 13, 1862 ; disch. disability Aug. 7, 1663. 
Pelcr V. Nichols, enl, Aug. 13, 1602; niu.st. out June 4, 1665. 
John Ninsteal, cnl. Aug, 13, 1Sl2; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Jan, 15, 

IS64; dis.;h. July 7, 1603. 
Charles P. I'invard, enl. Aug. 13, 1862; corp. Feb. 2, is.ij; eergt. Jlay 1, 

1865; must, out June 4,1665. 
Josej.h I'aul, enl. Aug. 13, 1602; disch. disability Sept. 9, 166:;, 
Amnion Reigl.D, eul. Aug. 13, 1662; killed m action M.ay 3, 1803, at 

ChancellorsviUe, Va. 
Elmer D. S.ayers, enl. Aug. 13, 1662; trans, to Vet. Res. C<.rps July 16, 

1604 ; disch. June 29, 1605. 
Charles String, enl. Aug. 1:1, 1804 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Mai.h 31, 

1,S'64; disch. July 3, 166.5. 
George C. Silhens, enl, .\ug. 13, 18.32; Corp. April -25, 1664; sergt. Oct. 

31,1504; Istsergt. May 1, 1605; must, out June 4, 1605. 
Uarrison Snellbacker, enl. Aug. 13, 1802 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps April 

2J, 1665; disch. June 28, 1605. 
Kdwar.l .Suellbacker, enl Au.g. 13, 1S02; niu.t. out June 1, 186i. 
John 6;iull, enl. Aug. 13, 1802: must, out June 0, 1».V). 
■Tohn J. .=liullz, eul. Aug. 13,1662; mu.st. out June 4, 16«. 



John Schwltter, enl, Aug. 13, 1862; trans, to Vet. Res, Coirs Sept, 30, 

1863; disch. Juno 23, l.sc'i. 
Edmund C. Tier, eul. Aug. 13. 1602; 1st sergt. July 1,1604; 1st licut. Co. 

B, Oct, 6, 1604. 
Clnirles Uhliuger, eul. Aug. 13, 1862, Corp. May 1, 1865; must, out Juno 

4, 1S65, 
Thcphilus I!. Vannaman, enl. Aug, l:), 1602; di..ch. disability Feb. 20, 

160;j. 
John A. Van Meter, enl, Aug, 1:1, 16.i2; trans, to Vet. Res. Con^s Xov. 

15, 1603; disch. 6ei.t. 4, 166.5. 
neiijaniin F. Van Meter, eul. Aug. 13, 1S62 ; 1st sergt. Oct. 1, 1664; 2d 

lieut. Co. C Jan, 17, 1665, 
William W. Walton, enl. Aug. l:!, 1,S02; must, out June 4, 186.5. 
Anthony Wiley, eul. Aug. 13, 1862 ; must, out June 4, 1663. 
Isaac Wiley, eul. Aug. 13. Is62 ; must, out June 4, 1665. 
Lewis Watson, enl. Aug. 13, 1602; must, out June 4, 1865. 



lit, Frank .M. Actoii ; Sect 
May 6, ISOl, : 



Captain, Henry F. Chew ; Fir!t Lb 
Lieuten.int, Tlieodore F. Null. 

Pavid Pickerson, enl. Aug. 5, 1602: killed in ac 
Wilderness, Va. 

George P. Ogdeu, sergt., enl. .\ug. 11, 1662 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps 
i April 1.1, 1S.>1 : disch. July 3, 18i'o. 

j George A. Bowen, 1st sergt., enl. Aug. 11, 1662 ; 1st lieut. Co. C, April 
' 11, 1864. 

Isaac N. 3Iorton, 1st sergt., enl. Aug. 11,1802; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps 
I March 23, 1663 : disch. July 6, 1805. 

I Asa W. Tash, Corp., eul. July 31, 1662 : sergt. Dec. 16, 180:; : uiissiug in 
I action at Wilderness, Va., May 6. 1804. 

I AleS. Kidd, Corp., July 29, 1662; died May 15, 1864, of won uds receive.! 
i in action at Spott.sylvania, Va. 

I Firman Lloyd, Jr., Corp., eul. July 31, 1662 ; must, out June 30, 16.'.5. 
I John S. Sharp, Corp.. enl. July 31. 1602; died ,\pril 20, 1603. 
i Benjamin S. Woo.l, Corp., enl. July 31, 1862 ; sergt. Jan. 1, 1864 ; must. 
1 out June 4, 1805. 

i William R. Williams. Corp., enl. July 31, 1602; must, out June 4, 16ii5. 
I George R Burroughs, Corp., enl, Aug. 13, 1602 ; sergt. Aug. 211, 1603 : 
I died June 23, 1.S04, of wounds received in action before Petersburg. 

i Edward Bradway, musician, enl. July 31, 1862; must, out June 4, I610. 
! Jacob Adams, enl. Aug. 31, 1S62 ; did May 24, 1664, of wounds received 

I William H. Allen, enl. Aug. 7. 1SC2; trans, to Vet. Res. Corivs March 31, 

j 1664; disch. June 26. 1805. 

i Joseph A. Ayers, enl. Aug. 11, I60J; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps March :il, 

I 1604; disch. July 3, 1S.J5. 

i John H.r,aiklow,enl. Aug. 12, 1802: crp. April 1, 1804; died July 10, 

{ 1664, of wounds received in action at Spottsylvania, Va. 

i Ale.\ander Brown, enl. Aug. 7, 1,?62: Corp. Aug. 27,1664: must, out 

June 4, 1605. 
I Jleb-tioir Breitel, enl. Aug. 6,1662; disch. disability March 26, ls04. 
i J.icob Bill. lie. enl, Aug. 7, 1862 : trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Aug. 4, 1603; 

died .Sept. 2. l.sOS. 
. Gilbert Bishop, enl. July 13, 18i52 ; died Feb. 3, 16.;rl. 

John P. Beunet,eul.Aug.l3,1602; trans, to U.6.N. Aug. 4, 1804: disch. 
' June 16, 1565. 

Matthew Coombs, enl. July 31, 1602; corp, F'eb, 13, 1663; 1st sergt. Jan. 

I, 16i;5; June 4. 1605. 
'■■ Clement Colgan, enl. Aug. 7, 1862; disch. disability Pec. 3', 1662. 
I Cbii'toplicr Cooker, enl. Aug. 11, 1862; disch. disability March 0, 160-5. 
I John Champion, enl. Aug. 12, 1802; t;isch. disability .March 10, 186:5. 
I John C. Chanil'lon, eul. Aug. 12, 1602; died Oct. 11, 1^6:i. 
I James M. Cook, enl. Jan. 2.;, 1603 ; trans, to C. F. 

i William Daniels, enl. July 31,1662: killed in a..tiou May 3, 1S63, at 
j ChancellorsviUe, Va. 

I Samuel Dickesoii, enl. Aug. 12, 1602 ; must, out June 4, 166.5. 
' John W. Dubois, enl. Aug. 5, 1662; died Sept. 22, 1862. 
I Jo.-epli Pilkes.eul. Aug. 13, 1862 ; corp. June 1, 1803 ; sergt. Jan. 1, 1865 ; 
I must, out June 4, 1605. 

Joseph R. Edwards, enl. Aug. Is, 1602 : killed in action Juno 3, ls04, at 

Cold Harbor, Va. 
Edward R. Eniinel, enl Aug. 22, \>ii : 'li^ch. diiibility Dec. 10, l6i:3. 
Joseph S. Filhian, en!. Aug 11. Is. -2 ; must. ..iit June 4, 78.i5. 
Richard V. Fill.ian, enl. Aug 211, l-.j2 : Inns. b. Vet. K..s. dips Jan. 1, 

1803; disch. Aug. 26, 1m,5. 
Isaac Fox, enl. Aug. 13,1662; col p. Aug. 20, 1663 ; killed in aclion June 

17,1864, near Pileisbuig, Va, 



GENEllAL HISTORV. 



ClisrlfH C. Kilhiiin, pnl. Aug. 11, 16(;2 ; .liscli. disability Dec. 15, 1863. 

KraTik E. IJ.w.l.v. eiil, .\n-. 7, ISiH : .lie.l Miircli !9. I.-<6.!. 

John (U-i-slle, enl. .\u(;. l:i. 1K.2; died Jliireli 13, ISIV). 

Georgi. \V. GwKlKiu. eul. .Knt;. 5, IMVJ; uiusl.out Juno 4, ISlo. 

John J. IK.irniiin. ,-nl. July ;n, ImVj : must, out July l.", iMo. 

Tboo]il>ilus B. Halter, eul. July :;l, U02; Corp. July :;1 , \!-(A; mubt. out 

June 4, lfl«. 
Philip Hickman, enl. .\ue. 5, 1S62 ; trRii.^i. to Vet. lies. Corps Sept. 1, 

180'i; disch. July 7, ISi'o. 
Josiah llolton, ecil. Mtg 7, ISCJ : must, out June 4, li^'Vi. 
George W. Hmiian.enl. Aug. 7, 1S62 ; trans, to Vet. Kes. Corps March 15, 

lSfi4; disoh. July o, ISiVi. 
Daniel .*.. Hancock, eul. Aug. 7, 186:2; corp. Dec. 10, IJM; died May --, 

1,-M, of iv.Min.ls at Spottsylvani.-l Courl-Ilouse, Va. 
John Ilaveratick, eul. Aug. 12, 1S62 ; must, out June 5, 1.^65. 
James Hemphill, ei,l. Au.lt. 12, lSl'.2 ; must, out June 4. ISOo. 
J.imes Horner, eul. Aug:. 13, lSf.2: must, out June 4, 1^65. 
George W. Jester, enl. Aug. ,% 1862 ; trans, to Vet. Kes. Corps Jan. l.'., 

ISW; disch. June24, ItOo. 
James .M. Jones, enl. Aug. 12, ls02 : disch. diiibility April 10, lsC3. 
Joseph S. Jacobs, enl. Aug. 21, 1S62 : trans, to Vet. Kes. Corps Jlarth l.i, 

1864 ; disch. July 5, ISO.'.. 
Thomas D. Kane, enl. July 31, 1S02; must, out June 4, iMo. 
Lewis S. Kemfer, wagoner, eul. Aug. 15, 1862; must, out Sept. 4, 1>62. 
Emmet King, enl. Aug. 7, 1.^62; mUbt. out June 4, 186.5. 
Lemuel D. Loper, eul. Aug. 13. 1862; mis.-.ing in action at Cliancellors- 

ville M.ay 3, 1.-^63. 
Michael G. Morton, eul. July 31, 1802 ; killed in action June 3, 1864, at 

Cold H.irU.r, Va. 
Samuel Mntts..n, ej.l. Aug. 7, 1S62 ; killed in action June 4, 1864, at Cold 

Harbor, Va. 
Thomas J. Malt=oii, enl. Aug. 10, 1802. 
William Munnion, en!. Aug. 16, 1862. 

John Miller |,3d), eul. Aug. 11, 1802; died June 22, L8u4, of wounds re- 
ceived in action at Wilderness, Va. 
John P.Miller, eul. Aug. 11, 1=02; disch. April 28, IsOj, wound, re- 
ceived in action ut Wilderness, Va. 
Charles Miller, enl. .\ug. 13, ls62 : mu^t. out June 4, 1865. 
Preston P. Jlerrion, enl. Aug. 16. lso2 : Corp. Aug. 2U, 1863 ; sergt. M.ay 

I, 1865 ; must, out June 4, 1865. 
Jame.s McAulia; enl. July 31, 1803; disch. disability Dec. 16, 186;i. 
Joseph Muridiy, enl. Aug. 7, 1862 ; must, out June 1, 1S65. 
Lewis.McPherson, enl. Aug. 13,1=02; Corp. Jan. 1, 1=6.5 ; must, out June 

4, ISOJ. 
John W.Kiblick, enl. July 31,1862; trans, to Vet. Kes. Corps Dec. I, 

1863; disch. March 7,1864. 
John P. Xe«kirk, enl. Aug. 11, 1862 ; died April 10, 1804. 
James Privet, enl. Aug. T, 1.--62 ; re-enl. Sel.t. 3, lbu4 ; tens, to Vet. Ke,. 

Corps J.m. 1, 1865. 
James Pierce, enl. Aug. 12, 18H2; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Aug. 1,^0-3* 

disch. June 23, 1865. 
William Parlous, enl. Aug. 13, 1802; coi p. Aug. 0. 1804 : mu,t. out June 

4, 1865. 
Samuel Keall, enl. July 31, I.-62; Corp. Aug. 27, 1SC4 ; must, out June 

4, lsO.5. 
James Sullivan, enl. July 31, 1862 ; must, out .May 15, 1=05. 
Lewis i". Simins, eal. Aug. 7, l=b2 : Corp. Oct. 1, 1.862 ; killed in action. 

May 3, 1=63, at Chaucellorsville, Va. 
William Sloan, enl. Aug. 7, 1802; mu.st. out June 4, 1=65. 
James P. Stanton, enl. Aug. 7, 1802 ; Corp. July 1, 1=04 : must, out June 

4, 1=1*5. 
Peter Sharp, enl. Aug. 12, 1=02; trans, to Vet. Ke.s. Corps Dec. 1, 1=.>3; 

disch. Feb. 26,1=04. 
David Simpkins, enl. Aug. 12, Aug. 12, 1802; disch. Jioability Dec. 24, 

1803. 
Elijah K. Thomas, enl. Aug. 7, l!u2; must, out June 4, 1=65. 
James Turnei, enl. Aug. 13, 1802; dis-h. disability July 13, 180;i. 
Jonathan Tinimeinian, enl. Aug. 12, 1=02; died April 4, 1663. 
John Urban, enl. Aug. 5, 1802 ; disch. disability March si, 1=05. 
Adam Crban, enl. .Vug. 7, ls02; must, out Jul.. 4, 1=05. 
Benjamin K. Vincent, enl. Aug. 12, 1802; trans, to Ve;. lies. I oips May 

l,lfW; disch. Aug. 14, l.;iOo. 
Albert S. Wood, July 31, 1802; died Dec. 1, ISOt 
Jo.l Wood, enl. July ::!, 1=02; killc-1 in action, May 3, 1803, at Cli.uicei- 

loisvilie, Va. 
Joseph Work, enl. .Vug. i:!, 1862; trans, to Vet. Kes. Corps; uitch. July 

6, lt65. 



Clement C. White, eul. Aug. 12, 1802 ; must, out Juno 4, 1805. 

Conlpnii:, K. 
Ambrvwe P. llarrison, .nl. Sept.l, 1864; must, out June 4, ISM. 
John H. MuUica, enl. Jan. 3, 1804 ; died June 3U, 1805. 

CtJMBEBUNn Ccit;.\TV. 
Cotnixtny A. 
Joshua Daws.in, enl. Jan. 3, 1864 ; must, out June 30, 1=05. 

Isaac P. Busby, Corp., enl. July 25, 1=62; must, out June 4, 1865. 

Enoch A. Dollield, enl. Aug. 12, 1602; disch. disability Dck:. 30, 1862. 

Compiinij G. 

Joshua D.Fithian, s.rgt., enl. Aug. 9, 1SC2 ; disch. disability Pre. 11, 1863. 
Thomas H. Conover, enl. Aug. 9, 1=62; must, out June 12, 1=6.5. 
James P. Demaris, enl. Aug. 0, 1=02 ; disch. disability March 25, 1863. 
Lexvis S. Elmer, enl. Aug. 11, 1=02; killed in action, .May 3, 180.;, at 

Chaucellorsville, Va. 
William U. Henderson, enl. Aug. 12, 1802; disch. disability June 5, ISu.3. 
Adam Jord.in, enl. Aug. 2u, 1802: must, out June 4, 1805. 
Lorenzo S. Land, enl. Aug. 12, 1802; killed in action, June 3, 1864, at 

Cold Harbor, Va, 
Charles JIaylievv, enl. Aug. 9, 1=02; corp. April 19, ISW; trans, to Vet. 

Kes. Coips March 31, 1864; disch. July 0, 1805. 
Robert G. Slieppard, enl. Aug. 9, 1802: died April 13, 1863. 

Compaiiji H. 
Gilbert S. Eberheart, enl. Aug. 13, 1802; killed in .action May 3, ISO.i, at 

Chaucellorsville, Va. 
William r. =peasle5, enl. Aug. 13, 1802 : di.'d June 10, 1804, of wounds 

received in action at Cold Harbor, Va. 
Henry J. Todd, enl. Aug. 13. 1=02; killed in action .May 12, 1S64, at 

Spottsylvania Court-House, Va. 

ComjiQn'j 1. 
Amos Tompkins, enl. Aug. 7, ls02; disch. May 20, 1805, wounds received 

in action at ChancellorsviUe, Va. 
James B. Wood, enl. July :)1, 1802; died Dec. 20, 1804. 

Compan'j A'. 
Captain. R. S- Thompson ; First Lieutenant, Daniel Dare; Second Lieu- 
tenant, William E. Potter. 
Henry Crooks, Ist sergt., enl. July 31, 1802 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps 

net. 3U, 1803; disch. Nov. 0, 1804. 
Edward M. Dubois, seigt. June 24, 1802; sergt.-maj. Feb. 15, ls0.i. 
John P. Shuiimn, eul. Aug. 12, l!-62; trans, to Vet. P.es. Corps June 15, 

1864 : disch. March 6. 1865, wound.s received in action. 
Frank 31. Riley, enl. .\ug. 22, 1=62; sergt.-maj. March 12. 1804. 
Moses B. Holmes, sergt., eul. Aug. 9, 1=02; died June 4, l=oJ, wounds 

received in action at Cold Haib..r, Va. 
William F.Moore, corp, enl. Aug, 0, 1662; disch. May 30, 1=05, wounds 

received iu action at Sliotls\ Ivaiiia Conrt-ilouse, Va. 
Aaron Terry, Corp.. enl. Aug. 7, 1S02; I,t sergt. Oct. 1,1603; died .March 

24, 180t. 
William B. Hiiies, corp. enl. Aug. 13, 1802: 1st sergt. Feb. 22, IsO'. ; 

must, out June 4, 180.5. 
Wiliiam Sayres, Corp., enl. Aug. 6, 1802; sergt. Sept. 1, 1=04; must, out 

June 4, 1=05. 
Benjamin F. Howell, Corp., enl. -Aug. 4, 1=02 ; sergt. Oct. 0, ISC3; trans. 

to Vet. Res. Corps Aug. Ir, 1804 ; disch. July 10, ISM. 
Charles 31. Kiley, Corp., enl. Aug. 20, 1802 ; hogp. steward 3Iay 28lli ; 

disch. .May IS, 1805. 
Charles S. Padgett, Corp., enl. Aug. 1 1, 1802 ; disch. July 13, 1804, wounds 

received in action. 
Joseph B. liusted, Corp., enl. Aug. 0, 1802 ; disch. disability Oct. 24. 186:1. 
William H. Berry, musician, enl. Aug. 10, 1802 ; trans, to Vet. Ke=. CjiiM 

March 21', 1=05 ; ui.sch. Sept. 24, l6ia. 
Jiihn Kvaii=, mu-ltian, enl. Aug. 20, 1S62; must, out June 4, 160.5. 
Henry C. Loie, wagoner, enl. Aug. s, 1802 : must, out June 4, 1805. 
Timothy Batenian, enl. Aug. 12, 1-02; Corp. (Jet. 1, 1=03 ; sc-i.;t. S' pt. 2.1, 

1804; must, out June 4, 1805. 
William H. lieniict, enl. Aug. 6, 1802: crp. July 1, 1=04; must, nut 

June 4, IS',5. 
John B. B inliam, enl. Aug. II, Isoj; discli dis.ibilily .May 10, IStiJ. 



80 



HISTORY OF GLOUCESTER, SALEM, AND CUMBERLAND COUNTIES. 



Junnthan Rirdeii. enl. Auf. 7, IJO'J; must, out June 4, 18i^i. 

Heury II. Brs.Kord, ciil. .\ug. l;i, IsOJ; must, out Jui].- 4, 1865. 

Awes S. Dun, enl. Aug ii, If^iVi ; corli. Sept. 1, lSl'4; must, out Juue 4, 



1S6 



enl. Pec. 12, 1,-! 






out June- 4, ISC', 
o. 1^6-1. of wouii 



Saumel Brn 

15, ISO.'i. 
Henry C;uu|.lirll, enl. Aug. I'J, IMV: , mus 
Saninol Ciirc.v, enl. Augr. .'', ISO; ; .lied M^ 

in action nt Wilderness, Va. 
Allvert F. Carll, enl. July Cti, ISiW; must, out Juue 1-2, \^:)5. 
Daniel 11. Oirman, enl. Aug. 7, l.^K; died July .1, 1S.,:1, of wounds re- 
Jacob \V. Carter, enl. Aug. 11, lSC-2 : killed in .icti.ui, May 3, ISM, at 

Chrinccllorsville, Va. 
Robert G. Clark, enl. Aug. 9, 1S62 ; must, out Juue 4, ISM. 
Reeves Cutler, enl. Aup. 7, 1-Co ; mu^t. out June 4, I?6r.. 
Simon \V. Creamer, enl. Aug. II, ISiVJ ; killed in action. July 3, 181,3, at 

Gettysburg, Pa. 
TVilli»ni Craig, enl. Sept. 3, ISC4; must, out June 4. IflV,. 
Anderson Davis, enl. July 31, 1S02 ; must, out Juue 4, 1S65. 
William H. Dickerson, enl. Aug. 11, 1SC2 : must, out Juue 4, lS6o. 
Henry D. Diiffield. eiil. Aug. 6, 1S62; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps April 24, 

lS6.i; disuh. July 14, ISO.".. 
Abraham Kacemire, enl. Aug. 11, 1S62; must, out June 4, ISi'i. 
Robert r. Fisbr, enl. Aug. 12, 1S62; must, out Juue 4, ISM. 
Edgnr 51. Fitluan, enl. Aug. 14, l,Sii2: disch. June 'J. 1S65. 
Thom.is C. Galloway, enl. Aug. .5, 1S62 ; died Aug. 2S, ISM. 
Josi.ah Garrison, enl. Aug. 14, 1S62; disch. disability Dec. 11, 18C3. 
John Garrison, enl. Aug. 13, 1SG2; must, out June 4, ISiVj. 
Horace B. Garlon, enl. Aug. 9, 1S02 : died June 3, 161.4, of wounds re- 
ceived in action at Spottsylvania Court-Honse, Va. 
Joseph II. Gaunt, enl. Aug. 9, IS02; died April 20, 1S65. 
Henry W. Gaskell, enl. Aug. S, lSe2-, Corp. Feb.l4,lS63, 1st sergt. bept. 

1,1SC4: 1st lient. Sept. 13, 1S04; must, out July 15, lS6o. 
Thomas S. Green, enl. July 25. 1S62: must, out June 4, IsCo. 
William H. Greenly, eul. Ans:. S, 1SC2 ; trans, to Vet. Kes. Corps Jan. 21, 

1605; disch. Juue 2>K ISr.o. 
Edward C. Hall, enl. Aug 0, ISu2; must, out June 4. lSi;5. 
Daniel B. Harris, enl. Aug. 19, isr,2 ; trans, to Signal Corps March 1, 

ISM; disch. June 24, lSr,5. 
George A. Harris, enl. Aug. 11, 1S62; disch. May 31, 16.4, wounds re- 
ceived in action. 
William D. Hendrickson enl. Aug. II, ISoi; died July 23, 18',3. 
George H. Horner, enl. Aug. 11, ls63: must, out July 31, 1S«.5. 
Nathaniel H. Horuer, enl. Aug. 11, 13i;2; died June 4. 1S.4, of wounds 

received in action at Cold Harbor, Va. 
Henry Howell, eul. Aug. 9,181.2 ; died March 23, 18i-3. 
Francis Ilusted, enl. Aug. 9, 1S02; died Dec. 19, 18i;2. 
Jeremiah Husted, enl. Aug. 9, ls62; must, out June 4, ISOS. 
Slaritz Isell, enl. July 26, 1S62 ; disch. disability Aug. 10, 1804. 
Isaac F. Jerjell, enl. Aug. 2, 1SC2 : disch. disability Dec. 11, 1863. 
Absalom Jordan, enl. Aug. 11, 1662; must, out June 4, 1865. 
Jacob Keyport, enl. Aug. 4, 1S62; disch. disability Oct. 17, 1863. 
Thomas K. Kcrnp, eul. Aug. 9, 1S62 ; disch. disability May 30, 1S63. 
George Laws, enl. Aug. 13, 1S02 ; corp. July 1, 1864 ; must, out June 4, 

I860. 
Charles Livingstoue, enl. .\ug. 9, lSi:i2; died May 14, IS14, of wounds 

received in action at Spottsylvania Court-House, Va. 
Justus n. Livingstone, enl. Aug. 6. 1562: corp. Sept. I, ISM; must, out 

June 4, 18W. 
John Ma.xwell,enl. Aug. 1 1. lMi2; must, out June 4, 166*5. 
George McHenry, enl. Aug. 9, lSi'.2 : corp. Feb. 22, 1863 ; must, out June 

4, 1S6J. 
Lorenzo D. Messec, enl. Aug. 9, 1862; disch. dis-ability March 12, lS6:i. 
John C. Miller, enl. Dec. 19,1863; must, out July 15,186.',. 
Butler Newcomli, enl. Aug.9,16i;2; corp. Sept. 23, 18i'4 ; must. out Juue 

4, ISC5. 
Edwin M. Pladgett, enl. Aug. 9, 1662; Corp. April 1, ISM; sergt. Feb. 

22, 1865 ; must, out June 4, 1865. 
Samuel R. Payne, eul. Aug. 9, 1862; disch. disability Oct. 3, lM>i. 
Thomas H. Pancoast, enl. .\ug. 0, 1862; must, out Juno 4, 1865. 
Charles 0. Powell, enl. Aug. 5, 1602; killed in .action, May 5, 1 814, at Wil- 
derness, Va. 
Hiram Pew, enl. Aug. 2, 1>62 ; must, out June 4, 1865. 
James liinear, enl. Aug 11, l.-^6j; must, out June 4, 1665. 
Asa A. F. Randolph, eul. Aug. 1:1,1862; trans, to Vet. Rej. Corps Slarch 

15, 1864 ; disch. Aug. .i, l-i'4. 



RicharJ F. Randolph, enl. Aug. 5, 1862 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Jan. 
; 10, ISio; disch. June 2S, ltM-.5. 

Cliarl.s 0. P. r.iley, enl. July 24, IS62: must, out June 4, ISG5. 
. Joremiah fiorny, enl. Aug. 9, 1m12; trans, to Vet. H.'S. Corps April 14, 

1S65; disch. July 7, lSi'5. 
' Ethan E. Swinuey, enl. Feb. 0, ISiV'i,; must, out July 15, IS65. 
, William M. Seeley, enl. July 2S, 1662 ; must, out Juue 4, 1805. 

Daniel Simpkins, enl. Aug. 4, IS62; disch. disabil-.ty Sept. 21, ISG3. 
I Charles H. Simpkins, enl. July 31, 1862; killed in action May 5,1804, at 
Wilderness, Va, 

Josiah F. Smith, enl. Aug. 0, IS62; disch. dis.ability 14,1803. 

Charles L. Sockwell, enl. Aug. 14, 1662 : must, out June 26, 1,^65. 

Henry S. Sockwell, enl. Aug. 14, 1S62; killed in action July 3, 1803,at 
I Gettysburg, Pa. 

I Bloomfield Spencer, enl. Au„'. 7, l,si.2 ; d,8ch. disability Dec. 18, 18ia. 

Edward 51. Steward, enl. Aug. 9, 1S62; must, out June 4, ISiM. 

Samuel S. Sutton, enl. .\ug. 2. 1362; died June 6, I6M, of wounds re- 
I ceived in action at Cold Harlior, Va. 

Charles E. Smith, enl. Aug. 9, 1662; corp. Sept. 1, 1863 : killed in action 
May 26, 1864, at North Anna River, Va. 

Theophilus Sutton, enl. Aug. 11, 1662; died Oct. 28, ISM, a prisoner of 

Johu G. Swinney, enl. Aug. 12, 1862 ; must, out May 22, 1605. 

Samuel Tomlinson, enl. Aug. 11, 1862 ; must, out Juno 4, 1865. 

George S. Tindall, enl. Aug. 12, 1802 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Sor. 15, 
( 1S63; disch. June 26, 1S65. 

William H. Vaughn, enl. Aug. 9, 1S62; disch. disability Dec. 31, 1662. 

Henry Walker, enl. Aug. 7,1662; trans, to Vet. Kes. Corps July I,1S63; 
disch. Nov. 24, 1S65. 

William II. B. Ward, enl. Aug. II, IS62 ; must, out June 4, 1865. 
I Elmer 51. West, enl. Aug. 15, 1862 ; disch. disability April 8, 1363.. 
1 James P. Williams, enl. Aug. 19, 1862; corp. Sept. 1, 1S63; 1st sergt. 
j Sept. 23, 1.S64 ; Ist lieut. Co. G Jan. 3, 1665. 



I CHAPTER XVI. 

! CIVIL WAR.— (rou(/„ncrf.) 

; SI.XTEENTH, TWENTY-FiHItTlI, AND TWENTY-FIFTH REGI- 
j 5IENTS. 

I 

I First Cavalry, Sixteeiitli Eeg-iment.— The First 
' Cavnlry contained a'oout forty men from Gloucester, 
'■ Salem, and Cumberland Counties, of which number 
I three-fourths were from Salem County, and most of 
! these in Company E. 

The regiment was raised in August, 1S61, mainly 
by Hon. William Halsted, who was its first colonel. 
' He was then near seventy years of age, and his mili- 
tary career, whicli continued about six months, was 
I not successful. 

He was succeeded in February, 1SG2, by Col. Sir 
Forcy W'yndliam, under whose command the regi- 
ment soon assumed a condition of efficiency ; and in 
April it entered upon active service, which it con- 
tinued till the close of its term. In June, 1S03, many 
of the men re-enlisted for three years or during the 
war, and its organization and active service were 
continued to the end. 

The service of this regiment was, like that of all 

cavalry regiments, ditfcrent from that of infantry. In 

I addition to particituiting in jiitched battles, patro!- 

j ing, scouting, r;iiding, harassing the flanks and rear 

of a retreating enemy, or impeding the march of an 

, advancing coluinn, and all M.Tvice in winch celerity 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



81 



1 1 
i ( 



of movement is essential, must necessarily be jicr- 
I'lirinod by nioiuitoil soldiers; anil tliey are, therefore, 
oftener in aetion than those of any otlier branch of 
the service. During the winter season, while bodies 
of infantry and batteries of artillery are established 
in their winter quarters, squadrons and detachments 
of cavalry are required to be constantly on the alert, 
to scour the country, and prevent surprises, or to 
harass the enemy by frequent raids and sudden at- 
tacks on ex])osed positions. In such operations the 
First New Jersey Cavalry was engaged, and the 
record, in the adjutant-general's office, of ninety- 
seven engagements in which it participated, is evi- 
dence of the fact that its members were never in 
danger of "spoiling for a tight." The tattered flag 
that was carried in ninety-two of the ninety-seven 
engagements of this regiment is now in the adjutant- 
general's cilice at Trenton. 

SIXTEENTH EEGIMENT. 

Gloucester Cocnty. 

Compamj A. 



GoorgoT. Ponlson,enl. .\UK. 3, isr.l; killoit in action June 9, IS'J, »t 
nn.n.iy Station, Va. 

Sniilli H..bin<on, onl. JI:uch 11, IS'VJ; ,li«ch. Ji-al'iHly March 12, ISf,;!. 

Henry Fuisli, enl. .\ng. l'., ISiU ; re-s-nl. .Inn. 1, IsM ; nm^t. out Jnly li, 
IS'^S. 

Jolin Shiol.ls. ciil. Aw-. 24, ISra ; corp. Sov. 1, 1S62 ; sergt. Mny I, ISCT; 
re-tiil. Fell. 1, 1SC4; 2a lieiiL.luly IS, lSO,i; must, .lut .Inly 2t, IS. 5. 

Josi.pli K. Slmrp. t-nl. .\ug. 14, ISiil ; re-enl, J.ui. 1, ls.4 ; nmat.ont July 
24, ISCo. 

George W. Stewnril. enl. Ans:. II, ISfil ; serpt. >"ov. 1, ISiB; re-enl. Feb. 
1, 1SC4; 1st sergt. Dec. 11, 1SC4: received med.\l ot honor from Sec- 
retary of War tor gallantry; must, out July 24, lS6o. 

Enoch F. Sheppard, enl. .\ug. 11, IS6I : must. out. Sept. 16, 1SC4. 

.\ugustua W. Tallksdorf, enl. .\ug. 24, ISeU : diach. Xov. 1, isai, to join 
regular army. 

Frederick TnillendtT, enl. .\ug. 11, 1S61 ; re.enl. Jau. 1, 1SG4 ; must, out 
July 24, lS6o. 

Cli.irles H. Wendel, bugler, .\ug. 26, IS'.l; chief bugler Aug. 27, 1.S61. 

Ci;^BERL.\XD County. 

Company A. 
Henry Ijiugley, enl. Feb. 27, 1SG4; died Jan. 5, 1S65. 

Company C. 
Cari'snter Coombs, enl. Dec. 31, 1SG:J, 

Compawj D. 



■ B. Zaues, enl. .\ug 



, 1S61. 



Company It. 
Thomas G. Irelaud, corp., enl. Aug. IC, 1S61 ; 
Charles P. Thompson, enl. .\ug. 22, ISCl; re 
q.m.-sergt. Oct. IS, 1SC4. 



lUst. out Sept. 16, 1S04. 
enl. Jan. 1, 1404; regfl 



Tho 



I H. Locke 



. Aug 



Coi}ipany E. 
n, IsOI ; must, out Sept. 16, ISW. 



S.VLFM ColSTV. 
Company B. 
William Brevier, enl. Dec. 30. 1S63. 
Jacob Moore, enl. Oct. 16, 1S61 ; disch. disability Nov. 12, 1S62. 

Thomas Gordou, enl. Aug. 14, ISCl. 

Compaiiij E. 
Captain, Jubn \V. Kester; First Lieutenant, I'atton F. Yorke; Second 

Lieutenant, Francis B. Allibone. 
Uarry Jones, enl. Jan. 12, ls62; 1st sergt. Aug. 0, 1 561 : 2d lieut. Co. B 

Oct. 27, ISGl ; Ist lieut. Co. E ; trans, to Co. M. 
Edward E. Jameson, enl. Aug. 13, 1S61 ; Ist sergt. Jau. 12, 1S62; 2d 

lieut. Co. D Oct. S, 1862. 
Edward L. Williams, sergt., enl. Aug. 10, 1S6I ; must, out Sept. 16, 1S64. 
Timothy L. Middleton, sergt., en!. Aug. 2S, 1S61; disch. disability Nov. 

29, 1S62. 
David S. Bair, Corp., enl. Aug. 13, 1861 ; must, out Aug. .W, 1S64. 
Isaac Dilks, wagoner, enl. Aug. 11, 1S61; must, out Sept. 16, 1804. 
William H. llarnhart, bugler, enl. S.-pt. 2, 1S61; chief bugler 3d B.itt. 

Feb. 19, 1S62. 
Josiah F. Eastlack, enl. Aug. 14, IvA . re-enl Jan. 1,1864; corp. July 

6, 166.5; must, out July 24, 186.5. 
Ephraim B. Fithian, enl. Aug. 11, 1861 ; disch. disability Oct. 30, 1802; 

re-enl. Sept. 6, ISi^ ; must, out June 12, 186.5. 
Amariah Foster, eul. Aug. IS, 1S61 : re-enl. Jan. 1, 1864; trans, to Vet. 

Res. Corps April 14, 186.5 ; disch. Aug. 1, 1805. 
Bernard Gooell.rtad, eul. Aug. 1.;, 1861; died Feb. 1, 1863. 
John S. Griffith, enl. Aug. 23, 1861 ; re-enl." Jan. 1, 186^; coni. Jau. lo, 

1864; niu.t. out July 24, 1864. 
liernard GatTiiey, enl. Dec. 28, ISOS; must, out July 24, 1865. 
Andrew Hill, enl. Aug. 11, Isol; disch. disiibility Jan. 30, 1864. 
iJliarle^ D. Lauiblack, enl. Aug. 19, 1861; re-enl. Jan. 1,1854; must, out 

July 24, 181,5. 
John Marshall, enl. Aug. 31, 1>.61 ; Corp. April 1.5, 1»62 ; disch. Sept. 5, 

1S62, wouuds received in action. 
William Nuneviler, eul. Aug. 16, 1861 ; re-enl. Jan. 1, l.s64 ; must, out 

July 24, 1865. 



nl. Ja 



1, 18f4 ; 



Daniel E. Hogbin 

Albert Jaggers, enl. Jan. 1, 1864 



St. out July 24, 1865. 
out Julv 24, 1805. 



Oyinpuny E. 
Michael Clement, enl. Aug. 17, 1861 ; re-eul. Feb. 4, lSiJ4 ; farrier July 

5, 1SI~5; must, out July 24, 1865. 
Theodore L. Clement, enl. Aug. .'7,1861; corp. Sept. 23,1863; re-enl. 

Feb. 21, 1801 ; stri;t. June 1, 186.5 ; mu<l. out July 24, 186.5. 
Slaskell C. Beeves, enl. Aug. 17. 1861 ; must, out Sept. 16, 1864. 

Twenty-fourth Regiment.— The following sketch 
of this regiment is taken mainly from Foster's "Xew 
Jersey and tlic Rebellion." 

"The Twenty-fourth Regiment was mustered into 
the United States service at Camp Cadwallader, Bev- 
erly, CD the lOtli of September, 1S62. Four compa- 
nies of the regiment, B, F, G, and H, were from the 
county of Cumberland ; three. A, C, and K, from 
Salem ; and one, E. and part of D and I, from 
Gloucester, and the remaining men of tlie two latter 
companies from Camden. Of the members of Com- 
pany B, about an equal number were enlisted from 
the city and township of Millville and the township 
of Maurice River. Of Company F, the city of Bridge- 
ton furnished about thirty, tiie township of Green- 
wich fifteen, while the remainder, with the e.Kception 
of one from Deertield, were equally divided between 
Hopewell and Downe. Of Company G not less than 
twenty were from Bridgeton, thirty from Deerfield, 
ten from Stow Creek, while the rest hailed from 
Dowue. Company H, otiicered e.xclusively by Bridge- 
ton men, comprised about seventy-five from the city 
of Bridgeton, while the remainder were from Hope- 
well, Deertield, and Stow Creek. In Companies A 
and C there were a large number of men from the 
city of Salem ; the surrounding townships, however, 
were nearly all represented in them, and also in Com- 
pany K. Com[)any E comprised men princijially 
from Woodbury, Paulsboro and the upper townshijis 
of Gloucester; Company D had men from Camden, 
.Gloucester City, and Glai-borcj; aail Company I, 



S_' 



IIISTOUV OF GLOUCKSTKll, SALH.M, AND CU.MBKRLAXD COKNTIES. 



mainly from Chiyton township, in Gloncc.-^ter Connty, 
anj several of the townships of Camden Connty." 
The regiment was originally oflicered as follows: 



FUld nn.l M.i.-f — (A.l.ji.ol. William 11. U,.l.i.i ts.iM 


; Lieutennnt-Colon 


rranklin I.. K.ii-lit ; M.ij.T. Joel .\. Filhiari ; 


.VJjutant, Thomas 


U, Cooi.er; (.luarlrrinaitfr, S imiiel U. Filliian 


; Surgeon. William 


Newcn; .\s-istaiit Surgeons, .\lliaii William- 


Thomas G. Rowan 


Chnplaiu.Villiani (.'.Stockton, iiue.— CoMiij; 


ny A,— Captain, 11. i 


ard Basset ; Firet Lieutenant, Jlillon Wiigli 


; Second Lientenai 


Willijim X. Ilaiic..ck. Company 1',,— Capla 


n. George E. Dunla 


First Lieutenant, James Smith ; Second Lieut 


•nant.l!. Recdlirou 



Company C,— C.iptain, John T. CirwooJ; First Lieutenant, Thorn, 
Simpkius; Second Lieutenant, Jou.^lthau E. -lloore. Company li, 
Ciptain, .\aron Ward : First Lieutenant, David W. Bartine; Secor 
Lieutenant, George D. Britlain. Company E.—Captiiin,Augusti 
Sailer: First Lieutenant, Edwanl C. Cattell; Second Lientenac 
Charles W. Wilkius. Company F,— Caijt.iin, Siimuel Harris; Fir 
Lieutenant, Elijah Husted; Second Lieutenant, William B. Peppe 
Company G,— Captain, Jas. E. lloaglan.l : First Lieutenant, Chail 
51. Pease; Second Lieutenant, l:obort B. Potter. Company H,— Ca 



tain, Henry Xeff; First Lie 



Lieutenant, Jam 
Shinn; First Li. 
James S. Wor.Jw 
Lieutenant, P.mi 



J. Be 



n.ler L. Koheson ; Se 
I,— Captain, Williai 



dn, John S.Locke; F 
nam, James P. Butle 



The regiment was armed with Belgian ritles, and 
on the SOtii of September left for Washington i-ia 
Phil:idelphia and Baltimore, at both of which places 
the men were entertained in the Union refreshment- 
rooms. The regiment reached Washington on the 
morning of Octolier 2d, and encaniije.l on E.i~t 
Capitol Hill. ]t was here temjiorarily brig;ided with 
the Twenty-second, Twenty-ninth, and Thirty-first 
New Jersey Regiments, under Gen. Abercrombie; 
but about two weeks later it moved into Virginia, 
and was brigaded with the Twenty-eighth New Jer- 
sey and the One Hundred and Twenty-eiglith Penn- 
sylvania Regiments. Aside from drill and light 
fatigue and jacket duty, the regiment remained com- 
paratively idle till December 1st, when it broke camp 
and marched for Falmouth. Acquia Creek was crossed 
in a storm of snow and sleet, on a steamer and canal- 
boats. After a day or two of uncomfortable camjjing 
in the nuid it went on to Falmouth, where it was per- 
manently brigaded, with five other regiments, under 
Brig.-Gen. Kimball, in Gen. French's division, Second 
Army Corp-s. The regiment ])artic;pated in the bat- 
tle of Fredericksburg, but was not actively engaged 
till the 13th of December, when, with its division, it 
made a gallant and valiant, though unsuccessful, 
charge on the enemy's works. In this chartre the 
loss of the Twenty-fourth was as follows : Companv 
A, killed 2, wounded 13; Company B, killed 3, 
wounded 15; Company C, wounded 16, missing 5; 
Company D, killed 3, wounded 12, missing 3; Com- 
pany E, killed 2, wounded 4, missing 7 ; Company 
F, killed 1, wounded 0, missing .5; Company G, 
killed 2, wounded 20, missing 3 ; Company H, killed 
1, wounded 5, missing 2; Company I, killed 2, 
v.-ounded 16, missing 1; Company K. wounded S, 
missing 3 ; total, IGO. Many of those reported as 
wounded subsequently died, and of those reported 
missing many were never again heard from. 



Spiice will not permit a detailed mention of th>' 
many instances of special gallantry in this engage- 
ment. It is but simple justice, however, to s;iy th:it 
the conduct of the men was ?ucli :is to refiect credit 
on the character of the New Jersey citizen soldiery. 
The conduct of the non-Ciimbatant ofiicers — the ch;ip- 
laiu and surgeons — in their assiduous care of the 
wounded, during and after the b:tttle, was liighlv 
commended. 

On the l.'ith the regiment returned to its camp, 
having !o-t most of its bhuikets an.l shelter-tents in tlie 
action. The fitigiie and ex]iosure to which the men 
were subjected occasioned much sickness, and on the 
30th of December only thirteen officers and two hun- 
dred and seventy men were reported for duty. 

During the month of January, 1S63. the regiment 
was only engaged in the ordinary routine of camp 
duties, without participation in Gen. liurn>iile's 
"mud in:irch.'' On the 20th of Fobrnary it reamviMl 
to a more comfortable Ciimp. which, in honor of its 
colonel, was named Camp Robertson, and during 
some weeks it did picket duty along the Rappahan- 
nock, opposite Fredericksburg. The headquarters 
of the picket-line of all the regiments were in a fine 
old mansion called the Lacy House, the owner of 
which was a colonel in the rebel army. The head- 
quarters of the Sanitary Commission were also in 
this house, and the ladies of this and the Christian 
Commission held daily evening prayer-meetings i:i 
one of the rooms. At this camp a limited number 
of visitors was allowed, and a reasonable number of 
ten-days' furloughs was granted. Packages of neces- 
saries and luxuries from individuals and from ladies' 
aid societies at home were almo.st daily received, and 
thus to some extent home comforts as well as the so- 
ciety of home friends were enjoyed by the men. 

The following note in the diary of an officer relates 
to a memorable incident that occurred in the regi- 
ment: 

-Thurs.lay, April ud, -.vas an eventful day in camp. Copies of the 
infamous 'Peace Resolutions', parsed by the New Jersey Legislature, 
having been received and pretty generally read, tlie s.d'Jiers of the 
Twcnty-f..urth .assembled in convention, and unanimously passed a 
series of resolutions severely condemning the action of the Legislature. 
Speeches were made l.y Col. W. B. Kobertson, Cliaplain Stockton, Sur- 
geon W. L. Newell, Capt. B. S. Thompson, and Lieut. W. E. Potter, ^! 
the Twelfth New Jersey, and Lieuts. C. W. Wilkins, D. W. Bartine, and 
J. J. Reeves. This was one of the finest meetings ever held in the 
Army of the Potomac' 

With the return of spring came. the resumption of 
active service. On the 2Sth of .A.pril the regiment, 
with the rest of the brigade, broke camp, crossed the 
Rappahannock, and, after waiting two or three days, 
marched to a point near Chancellorsviile. While the 
preliminary fighting and skirmishing of Jhis battle 
were going on the Twenty-fourth, with its brigade, 
was held in reserve. On the Sd of May, however, it 
became engaged, and for hours was exposed to an 
incessant storm of shells. A charge was finally 
made on the front and fiank of the brigade, com- 






\ 

^ 



(j^JitA^ J/ /Tn-c^. 



GKNKKAL HISTOKY. 



83 



Iielliiiil it to retire to where heavy truii;: |irotocted it ; 
from further iissault. The loss of the resriiiioiit in 
this action in killed, wounded, and missing did not 
exceed forty. j 

After this battle the regiment returned to its old 
camp, where picket duty was resumed, and continued 
till it was ordered to Washington. 

" Proceeding thence to Beverly, in due lime the i 
regiment was mustered out of the service, and the j 
men were paid otF and returned to their homes. At 
Bridgeton, Salem, Millville, and elsewhere, public 
receptions were tendered to the home-coming com- 
panies, and so, amid the salutations and rejoicings of 
friends and kindred, the soldiers of the Twenty- 
fourth, having faithfully discharged their duty on 
every field to which they were called, dropped con- 
tentedly into the old paths, and occupied once more ' 
the places they had filled before their feet turned 
battleward. i 

Alex.\xdee Lewdex EoeejOX. — The great grand- 
father of the subject of this biographical sketch was , 
William Eobeson, who emigrated from Ireland to 
America betbre the war of the Revolution, in which 
he participated, and held the rank of major. His ■ 
son, Alexander, married Elizabeth, daughter of John 
! / Lewden, a gentleman of Welsh descent, and had 

among his children a son, John Lewden. the father 
of Alexander Lewden. He was married to Mary 
Janvier, daughter of Thomas and Mercy Janvier, of 
New Castle, Del. Their second son, Alexander Lew- 
den, was boru Feb. 5, 1S34, in the village of New- 
port, Del., and at a very early age removed to Wil- 
mington, in the same State, where he received a lib- 
eral education at private schools. During the year 
ISol he removed to Bridgeton. X. J., and entered the 
counting-room of the Cumberland Nail and Iron 
Works as clerk. Later he engaged in the lumber and 
hardware busine.-s, having formed a copartnership 
with D. B. Whitaker and the late Isaac A. Sheppard. 
under the firm-name of Whitaker, Eobeson & Co. 
Though a successful business was established, he soon 
embraced a more favorable opportunity for advance- 
ment, and severing his relation with this firm he 
formed a business connection with James L. Whita- 
ker, of the same place, under the firm-name of Eobe- 
son & Whitaker, who together established a large 
wholesale and retail drug- and stationery-store on 
East Commerce Street. While on the threshold of 
commercial prosperity, the patriotic ardor of Mr. 
Robeson was thoroughly aroused by the appeal of the 
country for additional troops during the late civil 
war, and, severing both business and social ties, he 
resolved to tender his services for the conflict. 

Early in 1S61, having announced his intention of 
forming a company of volunteers, he associated with 
liim James J. Reeves, Esq., hi.-, brother-in-law, whose 
office was opened for recruiting purposes. The rapid 
enrollment of this company, which was formed in 
thirtv-six hours, and mauv of the inenjbcrs of -.vhich 



were from the iron-works and other manufacturing 
establi-hments of the city, was largely due to the 
grc:it i>ers()iial po])ularity of Lieut. Eobeson. The 
military career of this gallant olficer was of short 
duration. Tlie Tsventy-f >urth New Jersey Regiment, 
to which his company belonged, was early called into 
the conflict, and being brigaded with several other 
regiments under the charge of Brig. -Gen. Kimball, 
French's division. Second Corps, was the first to make 
the attack upon the batteries and rifle-pits of the 
enemy in tite rear of Fredericksburg on the eventful 
13th of December, 1SG2. The firing of the enemy 
ceased at nightfall, and not until then could assistance 
be atlbrdedor any attempt made to ascertain the num- 
ber of the (lead. And even then, though the night 
was spent in diligent search for frieuds supposed to 
be among the wounded or slain, many remained from 
whom no tidings could be obtained, and of them it 
could only be said that they were " missing." Among 
those thus recorded was Lieut. Robeson. Having the 
charge of his company in the captain's absence, he 
bravely led them forward never to return. Though 
a faithful aud oft-repeated search was made for him 
no tidiuss were received, nor has any positive intelli- 
gence since been transmitted concerning him. The 
members of his company loved him as a brother, and 
his men were equally dear to him. He looked faith- 
fully at'ter their wants and sympathized with them 
unfailingly in all their sufferings. He was especially 
endeared to his fellow-officers, who esteemed him for 
his intelligence and excellent judgment, and loved 
him for his virtues and exemplary Christian character. 
!Mr. Robeson possessed, in a rare degree, the elements 
of popularity, and among the young business men of 
South Jersey fe^v, if any, surpassed him in general 
intelligence and business sagacity. He was prompt, 
efficient, systematic, courteous, generous, faithful, and 
true. As au evidence of the esteem in whieli he was 
held by his comrades in the army the members of the 
order known as the Grand Army of the Republic, 
having their organization in Bridgeton, named their 
post in honor of him, — the "' A. L. Robeson Post, No. 
42, G. A. R."' 

Lieut. Robeson was married, Sept. 26, IS-ji, to Miss 
Martha, daushter of Johnson Reeves, of Bridgeton, 
N. J. Three children were born to them, two of 
whom (a son Francis and a daughter Mary Elizabeth) 
died in the spring of 1871. One son, John Lewden 
Robeson, stili lives, and is a member of the firm of 
Fithian A: Robeson, florists and seedsmen, of Bridge- 
ton, N. J. 

IWESTr-FOLT.TH REGIMENT. 

GLOrCESTEE C^'UMY. 

Staff, WUliam C. Stucktou. 

C"n.f -Ji.y B. 

John G. St.^ut. 

f'cmp'Wj 1). 

Ca;.tai.i. Aari^n Wsr.l; First Lieuteuaut, DaviJ W. Bartiiie; Second 

Lk-uteuuii-.i, ucorge I). U.ltl.ii, S,.uui-I 11. Ue.al ; S^rgea.ils, Frank- 



84 



HISTORY OF GLOUCESTER, SALEM, AND CUMREKLAND COUxNTIES. 



lin T. nomnii, Coop.r \ViU8<.y, John H. Smith (Jied), Goorfi- 
LuwBon ; Oorponils, BciU"min Dilks, Willinni ftirm-y, CorncliiH 
Strang, Tliomas K. /iminorni;>i., ^.iinuol K. Claik. Alphousc 
Chew ; Musicians, UiohiirJ S. Liiti, Matthias M. Chew. 



Prii-.i(M. 



John C. Atkinson. 
Theodore Allen. 
Joseph D. lilies. 
Hiram II. Heckett. 
Andrew W. Berry. 
William H. Chew. 
Abraham Camp. 
Charles F. Pilks. 
Dana L. Dnnbar (died). 
Charles II. Davis (died). 
Frederick Densl.eck. 
Henry B. Dickinson. 
Martin V. Uains. 
Villiara Hains. 
Benjamin Hoffman. 
John M. IloUton. 
Samuel Haywood. 
Hiram Hufsey. 
Nathan Hammond. 
Jonathan K. Henry (died). 
Jonas T. Jackson ^dicd). 



Samuel I.eddon. 
Samuel Longslretti. 
George llcClernan (dii 



Ale 



-Mnr 



William Mason. 
Sbeppard Bossell. 
George lleckelcomb. 
John Keckelcomb. 
Abraham L. Sharp. 
Sylvester Sharp. 
Samuel Taylor (died). 
Robert W. Turner (died). 
Benjamin K. Tnrner. 
James Turner. 
Isaac M. Turner. 
Theodore F. Worth (died). 
Uriah WiLson. 
John F. WoU. 



Wi 



1 J. Wc 



John K. Walte 



COTitpanii E. 

Caiitain, Augustus Sailer : First Lieutenant, Edward C, Caltell ; Second 
Lieutenant, Charles W. Wilkins; Sergeants, Samuel U. Deal, Wil- 
liam X. Hewitt. George W. Bailey, Henry C. Kngland, Nathan Paul, 
iBaac J. Cowgill ; Corporals, W. Tliackara Cozens, Isaac L. Fowler, 
Robert W. Hughes, Clark E. Tonilin. Charles W. Clement, Benjamin 
F. Sret?er, .lohii L. Huff, John B. Simmons, I.nke Keeves Idled), 
John Sinclair, John W. Gaskill, Charles Farr, George W. Haunold. 



Privales. 



Harrison T. Adams. 
William E. Atkinson. 
John H. Boody. 
Enos W. Bates. 
Joseph T. Bates (died). 
Charles H. Bacon. 
Joseph B. Bailey. 
Edward H. Cooper. 
Hanson S. Cooper. 
Coleman Cnrren. 
Georga W. Cattcll. 
Charles Cowgiil. 
Thomas G. CaspeiBon. 
William II. Dilks. 
Richard D. Davis. 
George Y. Davis. 
Arthur P. Ellis (died). 
Andrew Eisile. 
Chester Green. 
Daniel S. Groff. 
John Gallagher. 
William Gold. 
Charles G. Garrison. 
Johu W. Ilai.nold. 
William C Huff. 
Edward P. Hall. 
James H. Uu;,'hes. 
Charles Hood. 
Amariah Hoilis. 
John II. Ireland. 
John L. Jordan. 
Richard Jones (died). 
Barclay D. Kelly. 
■ Johu Keller. 
Samuel L. G. Mariihy. 
Joseph W. Jliller. 
John Mapejs. 
Benjamin F. Jluriay. 
Isaiah W. Mage=. 



Liuvrence I£. Xuss. 
FredeiickP. Neil. 
George Onens. 
J. Alexander Packer (died). 
William Pettit. 
Fithiau Parker. 
William Kandless. 
John W. l!andles.=. 
Henry Ramsey. 
Edward Russell. 
John Reed. 

William S. Richardson. 
William Kauil.o. 
William CSjiaiks. 
William D. Sheets. 
David H. Sl'arks. 
Charles W. Stevens. 
Joseph T. String. 
Jeremiah J. Snethen. 
William B. Fussey. 
William T. Thomson, 
Martin H. Tanner. 
Joseph W. Tomlin. 
John W. Tonkin. 
John E. Touser. 
Edward Talliiian. 
William T. Tniyia. 
Rufns C. Thomson. 



Captain, William C. Shinu; First L 
S.Woodward; Second Lieutena 
Robert C Parvin, James McClernaiid, Jacob N. Nelson; Serg 
Thomas Law. 



itenants, Johu 0. Crowell, Jamw 
S. Spaulding: Corporals, 



Nathaniel 0. Gamd 
Elijah Porch. 
John W. Adams. 
Levi H. Atkinson. 
Jame.s Biggs. 
Joseph II. Button. 
Henderaon S. Biggs. 
John S. Beckett. 
Lawrence E. Cake (•! 
Nathan Comer. 
Adrian Clunu. 
Joseph E. Comer. 
George Conly. 
Ambrose P. riaik. 
SVilliain Chew, Jr. 
Eli Craig. 

Lamer M. Daniels (di 
John W. Po« us. 
Abraham C. Dilks. 



(Corp.). 



Tho 



i Gibl. 



William E. Ilagern 
Henry H. Hughes. 
William Jagers. 
James C. Jones. 
Isaac P. Johnson. 



Lemuel T. Hendrickson 'Corp.) 
Thomas R. Dyer (corp ). 
William Catling. 
James Fai Tell. 
William Guest. 



Conrad Krantz. 

John Maskall. 

Paulen Nelson. 

Daniel Osborn (muaician). 

Oliver Ogden. 

William D. Parks. 

George Parks. 

Jolin nidgway. 

Ephraim C. Richmond. 

David Rile. 

Israel Stiles. 

George J. Stuart. 

Christian L. Sharp. 

John W. Saul. 

Charles Scott. 

Ely Simpkins (died). 

George C. Saul. 

Philip G. Simpkins. 

Charles Trapper. 

Levi H. Tice. 

Isaac T.Vannemaii. 

John F. Walker. 

Eli Wilson. 

Jacob Weiss. 



Jacob Hughes 
Clark son Ogdf 
Garrison Shut 
John C. Shibli 
Nathan C. Tal 



Sil.Eil Cou.NTY. 
Con^panij A. 
jtain, Howard Bassett; First Lieuten.uit, Milton Wright; Secon 
Lieutenants, William N. Hancock, William B. Thompson ; Se: 
geanta, Robert B. Seller?, John G. Holme, George W. Shejiparc 
George B, Grier, Samuel D. Smith; Corporals, Charles M. Bisbinj 
James L. Summerville, Samuel Mills, Levi Kelly idied), Jonath..! 
Fithian Smitli, Jonathan H. Dunn, Edwin C. Bassett, John Chap 
man, James H. GlaiS, William L. Layton Robert J. Suramerville. 



PriraUt. 



Jan 



s II Va 



Charles S. Warner 
George \V. Waruei 
Joseph C. D. Willii 
Jehu T. Wood. 
Aarou Wilkin-. 
Willi.im \V. Wolia: 
Charles Weiley. 
.lolin Wood. 
William Yerrick,?. 



James Ale. 
Henry B. Ayers. 
Enos Ayers. 
Charles E. Baker. 
Clement Bellinger. 
Moses R. Banks. 
Charles Banks. 
Benjamin Bell. 
Isaiah Bell. 
Morris Bennet. 
John H. Boone. 
John Brayton. 
Gideon P. Butler. 
Richard Carl. 
Henry Donaldson. 
Harrison W. Davis. 
Richard Emerson. 
William Fisher. 
James G. Fisher. 
John U. Fogg. 
Joseph Fox. 
Matthias B. Friant. 
Ephraim 11. Friant. 
Bernard GafTney. 
RoUrt F. Gi-oscup. 
William T. Croicup. 
Daniel F. llan.ock. 



Lorenzo Huffman. 
Thomas Jones. 
James J. Jaquett ^diedi. 
Powell Jaquett (died). 
Francis Jaquett. 
Michael Kates. 
Edward H. Keen. 
Thomas P. Lewis. 
George Loper. 
Josiah Magi 1 1. 
Fenwick Merron. 
Stacy F. Moore. 
Jacob Nixon. 
David S. Nixon. 
Robert R. Noble. 
Abner Patrick. 
Joseph S. Peachey. 
John W. Peachey (died). 
Daniel C. Peterson. 
Isaac RidRway. 
William F. Ripley. 
John K. S-agraves. 
Thomas J. Seeley. 
Elmer Sin.pkina. 
Dayton P. Sinipkiua 
Jonathan J. Simpkins. 
Jonathan Sharp. 



GKNKRAL lIISTOUr. 



WilliBnl 51. Shippard. 
Is;iac Sheots. 
Slophon Smith. 
Daviil F. Starts. 
Jonatlmn K. Stiles. 
Eaivar.l Stretcli. 
JanifS Stanton. 
Benjamin P. Smith. 
Daniel Tavlor 
Samnel J. Thomas. 



Captains, Joh 
Willi..m : 



Mi, Thoma 
: Second 



Joseph Thompson. 
Joshua P. TlH.mpse 
Kphraim Tonkins. 
Calvin G. Turner. 
George P. Walker. 
Samuel Watson. 
Benjamin T. Willis 
David Williamson. 
Joseph I.. Wright. 
James Zanes. 

C. 

T. Sii 



ipkins: First Lieiitenant, 
nts, Jonatlian E. Moore, 
William B. Willis; Sergeants. Samnel P. Thompson, William A. 
Miller, Henry N. Mnlford, Charles Johnson, Charles Watson, Thomas 
Mapes; Corporals, Elijah Wheaton, .\braham PronJ, William L. 
Williams, Richard W. Vaneman. William L. Lippiucott, John Bil- 
derhack, Joseph S. Bra.hvay, David S.Walker, Albert P. Moore; 
Pemherton Peirce, musician. 



ales. 



i (died). 



William B. Bacon. 

George W. Boltinghoi 

Aaron Brand itl. 

Thomas Bates (died). 

Thomas Bowen (died) 

John F. Biker. 

James Buck, Jr. 

Charles Bradway. 

John S. Burch. 

Thomas L. Brown. 

George W. Beckett. 

Eohert W. Conover. 

George H. Caspersou. 

Charles P. Cole. 

Alfred J. Clieeseman. 

Benjamin T. Collii 

Robert F. Camnbell. 

Joseph Champion. 

John H. Collins. 

John S. Davis. 

Edward S. Davis. 

Peter Davis. 

HicharJ Doody. 

■William J. Dilks (diedl. 

George Eldridge. 

AVilliam Emmet. 

Thomas Evans, Jr. 

David Fisher. 

Benjamin Hew itt, Jr. idicd). 

Charles Hannah. 

Abner D. Hvmers. 

William F. Harris. 

James H. James. 

Jesse S. Keeper. 

Gottlieb Lindenberger. 

Joseph Luiiiniis, 

ThonKis Lippincott- 

John It. I.oveland. 

John Miller. 



Richard Marshall. 
Richard McPherson. 
Eichard Miller. 
William McXichols. 
John Miller, Jr. 
John NickersoD, Jr. 
Aaron Mckerson. 
William S. Palmer. 
Stephen H. Park. 
Williain Peacock (died). 
Simon Paydou. 
Joel Pedrick. 
Samuel K. Eecd. 
Edgar Reeves 
Charles B. Boork. 
Maskell E. Robinson. 
Steward Spears. 
Samuel E. Stratton (died). 
Samuel Stiner. 
William Souder. 
Jonathan E. Smith. 
John Sauderlin, Jr. 
John Smith. 
David Simpkias. 
George Simpkins. 
John W. Simpkins. 
Smith Simpkins. 
Xoah Sheppard (died). 
Edward J. Simras. 
Samuel P. Shimp. 
Auley Sutton. 
Richard Sutton. 
Robert Ferry. 
James C. Turpin. 
Jonathan Vincent. 
William H. H. Wheaton. 
Hugh White (.lied). 



Ada 
Willii 



1 We 



zell. 
1 Yapp. 



Comfnwj D. 
i C. Abbott, Willi: 



.\bbott. 



George S. Barnclt 
Joh;i Bi.ldle. 
William F. IVuds 



Aaron H. BiJdIe 
I„.iac P. lleacL, 
George Cook. 



William F. Collin (died). 


John M.xire. 




Joseph Cheeseman. 


Daniel Myers. 




Edward G. IXiugheily. 


James Sloore. 




James F. DalUiw. 


Jo.seph P. Myers. 




S.imuel E. Dallow. 


Henry M. Munion. 




Wesley Elliott. 


John Metz. 




John Giblin. 


Daniel S. Owen (di 


fd). 


John Gray. 


Ezra H. Peterson. 




JIark II. Guest. 


Burrows Poulaon. 




BenjanuM Ileadley. 


George Patten, Jr. 




Andrew T. Hughes. 


George W. Pile. 




Jesse Hoi ton. 


Shadrack Sparks. 




Samuel A. Ilolton. 


Benjamin Stiles (d 


ed). 


James W. Harker. 


Isaac P. Simpkins. 




William Holton. 


David S. Shimp. 




Allen Hunter. 


Francis H. Shults. 




James Hntchiuson. 


William A. Sack. 




David Jess. 


Ezekiel Simpkins. 




Jacob G. Johnson. 


Joseph K. Shultz. 




William Jordan. 


John Stiles. 




Adam Jess. 


James D. Torton. 




Clark Kates. 


Baker D. Tomlin. 




Patrick Keuney. 


Nicholas Van Saut 




James Kady (died). 


John P. Wiley. 




John S. Lloyd. 


Charles Walling. 




James F. Layton. 


John E. Wilson. 




j George H. Mct^ullougb. 


John Walling. 




1 Charles Munion. 






Cuu 


Compn)iiJ A. 




Allen J. Ware 


Corp. ; Charles K. Headley. 





t'ompautj K. 
:aiii, John S. ]x)cke; First Lieutenant, Daniei Brown; Second Lieu- 
tenant, Jam-s P. Butler; Sergeants, Samuel M. Penny, Hiram H. 
De Grofit, Charles Vander»li.e, Edward Darlington, James G. Mur- 
phy, Joseidi F. Poulaon; Corl'orals James B. Given, William S. 
Hutchinson, Josej.h Pancoast, HoIuihs Walling. Eli P. Bli-s, John C. 
Shibler, William IL Stephens (diedl, Lemuel D. Harvey; Musicians, 
Davi J Simpkins, George Pile, Jr. 



Ccnijtany B. 
Captains, George Duulap, James Smith: Fiist Lieutenant, E. Reed 
Brown: Second Lieutenant, John Springer; Seriieants. George B. 
Langley, Henry S.Spaulding, John Bounds (died), Francis Hankins, 
Gilbert E. Heritage, Hiram B. Shaw, William H. Wills, Thomas S. 
Simmons; Corporals, Eichard W. Van-.ant, .John \V. Simmons, Al- 
len S. Garrison, George Madden, Jacob B. Kates, Joseph Girard, 

William D. Jackson, Franklin Appleby, Enoch Laird, Scholes, 

Joshua Corson, Loren Euss (died); Musicians, Isaiah E. Johnson, 
Henry H. Mayhe\ 



Henry Adler (died). 
Alexander Anderson. 
Frederick Elint. 
John H. Boody. 
Samuel F. Baird, 
Francis L. Batclielder. 
Isaac H. Eeakley. 
Joseph Camp. 
Edward C. Champion. 
William J. Carlisle. 
Jesse Cassaboom. 
David Crawford. 
Benjamin Ca=saboom. 
Jacob F. Cake. 
John W. Carman. 
George Donnelly. 
Isaac W. Downs. 
Randolldi Edwards. 
Oscar B. Eastlack. 
Jesse Fold. 
Thomas H. Gifford. 
John Gillllind. 
John Garrison, Jr. 
Nicholas Gunder. 
James Gibson (died I. 
John Hess. 
William F. Hogbin. 
Job Hess. 

John M. Henderson. 
Samuel Hess. 
James Hindley. 



ed). 



Privates. 

Samuel Kears. 

John Matticks. 

John McGill. 

Calvin J. McMaha 

George W. 5IeS5ec 

Samuel Maiiies. 

John S. Clrr. 

William W. Robin 

Henry Ee 

Ezekiel Simmons (died). 

John Stout. 

Lewis S. Sockwell. 

Edward Spence. 

Isaacs. Sheldon. 

William C. Shaw. 

A. L. Singers. 

Harvey T. Shaw. 

Jeremiah B. Shull. 

David D. Stites. 

Samuel Stokely. 

John E. S;ipp. 

Job Sheppard, 

Andrew H. Thomlin. 

Benajah H. Thompson (died). 

Dare Thompson. 

Aseu Thompson. 

William Tinker Idied). 

Benjamin F. Vannaman (died) 

Van Hook '/ingles. 



1 We 



Wi 



Ge 



arge y. Hea.iley. 
nuel H. Jones (died), 
'epb E. James. 



Lemuel G Welch. 
John Webb. 
William Young. 



86 



HISTORY OF GLOrCKSTKR, SALEM, AND CUMBERLAND COl'NTIES. 



Company F. 
|it«in8, Samuel Harris. Elij.nli Uueitc.l; Secon.l Lieutenant, \Villi.iiii 
B. Pepper; Serpeanls. Kenjauiin Hancock,. losepli S. Glnspoy, Isaac 
L. Moore. Pavi.l Garrison. James Stewart. Jos^pli P. Fithian; cor- 
poral.s. William F. Deniaris, Tlieo.jore K. Unck, Alphonso rnnliam. 
Charles Haley, .losepli Sliinip. Benjamin F. .\yres, Charles X. WoaJ- 
ruS. Pavi.l P. .ShepparU. Georj-'e W. Pierson. William F. Dumeld, 
Jesse B. Mcliri.le. James E. Lugiie. Charles Uiowu ; Musician, 
Samuel Humphrit 



Joseph Japfer. 
AlWrt n. Jones idled). 
S,amnel Joslin. 
James Kaiu. 
J.scph L. Kincaid. 
Conrinl Keefc-r. 
Levi F. Loper. 



Pritates. 



Vale 



51a 



Charles JI. .\lkire. 
Joseph H. C. .\pplegate. 
Jesse S. Adams. 
William S. Ackley. 
Charles F. Ackley. 
Pavid Bovven. 
Pavid 31. Bowen. 
David G. Brooks. 
Daniel Brooks. 
Isaiah Boiidy. 
Edgar S. Brown. 
Jndson Bateman. 
Jonathan W. Bonham. 
Koger S. Crozier. 
James Crai-. 
John D. Craig. 
Louis G. Claik. 
Charles R. Colter. 
Thomas Campbell. 
Albert Davis. 
Theodore A. Felmy. 
John Finley. 
Samuel GolJer, Jr. 
Enos Graspell. 
Simon J. Garrison. 
Charles F. Garrison (died I. 
Peter German (dieil). 
Christopher Getsin^er. 
Jeremiah Hann. 
Francis Hnsted. 
Edward P.. Rusted. 
James Harding. 
Henry F. Hutchinson. 
William M. Uusted. 
Alien N. Harris. 
Samuel H. Jones. 
.Joseph Jeffiies. 
Isaac Lanning, Jr. 



David A. Ixing ,died). 
Edwin J. Lee. 
Peter Ladow. 
Benjamin F. Ladow. 
Aaron Learning. 
Jesse JIcKee. 
John S. Sliller. 
■ Daniel .McHenry. 
John Murphy. 
William Moore. 
Isaac McPherson. 
Thomas McKuen. 
John N. .Middleton. 
Andrew Maynes. 
Clarence D. Mayhew. 
Clement C. Moore. 
John McNMchoIs. 
.Major JlcDaniels. 
Charles H. Xewcomb. 
John II. Orr. 
William J Orr idied). 
Oswald Patchell. 
Elihu H. Peterson. 
Edgar J. Riley. 
George G. Richmon. 
William F. Richards (died). 
William Reddon. 
Edgar Shute. 
William B. Trout. 
Samuel P. Trout. 
Henry Yogle. 

William R. Vanmeter (died). 
John F. WheatoD. 
Isaiah P. Warren. 
Timothy Woodiuff. 
Thomas C. Weldon. 
Henry W. Warful. 
John L. Wilfong. 



John McConnell. 
Jeremiah P. Mills. 
Isjuic Xewcomb. 
Daniel K. Pearson. 
Kallian Pennington, Jr. 
David F. Randolph. 
Benjamin P.. Rassinger. 
William H.lLiuil-y. 



Levi Sharj). 
Stacy Sloan. 
Smith Stites. 
Albert Smith. 
Audiew B. Shimp. 
Jacob C. Shinn (died). 
George Steelman. 
Daniel Turner. 
Job T. Trout. 
Ilinini Trnelnnd. 
William H.Il. West. 
William H. White. 
Wallace Wriggins. 
Sheppiird Westcott. 
J(dm Wines. 



George E. Wills. 
Conipuvy 11. 

Captain, Henry Keff; First Lieutenant, Alexander L. Robeson (Vil 
in action at Fredericksburg, Ya.) ; Second Lieutenant, .lames 
Reeves; Sergeants, John H. Shreiner, Samuel M. Carll, James : 
Cowan, William B.Smith, Pavid S. Pedrick ; Corporals, Bijnjar 
T. Blight, Daniel H. Xeiplin, James Ewing. Char'es U. Aim. 
Alexander JlcGraw, Jesse P. Cl.aypole, Jacob Ernest. .laines R. : 
lers, William B. Elmer (died), Joseph M. Elwell (died), William 
Harris, George Fox (died) ; Musician, Ephraim R. Avars. 



Captain, James R 
Second Lieiite 
Henry R. Pie 
Brown, Thomi 



Company G. 
Hoagland: First Li 
lant, Robert B. Potter 
son, Jesse C. Davis, G 



A. Ha 



Th 



Dubois, Japhet Ha 



M. Barr; 
L. Fish, Cliarle 



Haley, John W. Cobb, Robert Robin 
Cobb. 

PriraffS. 
■Willfam Ackley. 
Charles P. Bacon. 
Lot Bacon (died). 
Lorenzo Bailey (died). 
John W. Blizzard. 
James Boyle. 



ant. Charles M. Pease; 

eiintb, Francis M.Dubois, 
M. Chester, William F. 
orporals. John 
dels. Pallas D. 
rrow, Jacob P. 



Aaron R. Broadway. 
William S. Brown. 
David M Carman. 
Ephraim Carman. 
Joshua Clark. 
Caleb Cobb. 
Alfred S.Cobb (died). 
Joseph II. Cobb. 
James f'ornell. 
William S. Corson (died). 
John Danelbeck (dieci). 
Charles H. Hare. 
William C. Dure. 



Jeremiah A. Davis. 
Matthias Fox. 
Francis W. Callage: 
Samuel Gallager. 
James H. Gandy. 
Jonathan C. Garris. 
Kathan P. Geris id 
Nebsoii Haley. 
Franklin E. Hand. 
Henry llarr's. 
Frederick Heintz. 
Alfred Harris. 
John F. Heintz. 



: Hun 



Charles R. Hopkins. 
William C. Hosted (du 
Henry Huster. 
Loienz.. 1). ilutton. 
Daniel Jag^-er. 



Frivalea. 



Samuel Avars. 
Richard R. Ayars. 
Edward Ayais. 
Harris Brooks. 
Richard H. Brooks. 
William Bowers. 
William Howard Blew. 
George W. Bnrch (died). 
John D. Boone. 
Joseph C. Brooks. 
William E. Brooks. 
Isaac H. B-.'Wen. 
AVilliam Bodine. 
Darius Bowen. 
Ephraim E. Buck. 
William Sr. Barnes. 
Thomas Bodine. 
Frederick Bowen. 
Samuel A.Carter. 
William S. Conklin. 
John Cake. 
James R.Cheeseniau. 
George Cawman. 
William Campbell. 
Charles Dayton (died). 
Albert Dolton. 
Henry C. Decmer. 
Henry C. Dare. 
Jacob Elwell. 
John S. Ernest. 
Maitin Ld\\arJs. 
David Edwards. 
Ambrose Fox. 
Benjamin Ford. 
James Gillen. 
William B. Gllman. 
Edward R. Gilnmn (died). 
Henry Griner. 
Benjamin N. Gibson. 
Jacob Garton. 



Francis M. Harris. 
Robert Huntsinger. 
Daniel Ireland. 
William Ireland. 
John G. Keyser. 
Chrislopl.cr Laich. 
5!artin Lodor. 
Joseph L. Mulford. 
Edward Mi.incr. 
David McGear (died). 
Robert Sloncreif. 
Allen Mulford. 
Reuben Marryott. 
James Norton. 
Jacob -Xaglee. 
John B. Nieukirk. 
S-.ion-.on OverdorC. 
William A. Parvin. 
Charles Quiclis.ill. 
Alexander Riggan .:ied,, 
John Lenhart Kice. 
William Riley. 
Richard H. Rittig (died). 
Elmer Sheppard. 
James L. Stiles. 
. Edward B. Simpkits. 
William E, Schuyler. 
John Sheppard. 
Thomas W. Sheppard. 
Stephen Shimp. 
Francis Seaman. 
Charles S. .Sellers. 



Wil 



lith. 



Enos D. Simpkins. 
Jehu Turney. 
George H. Whipple. 
diaries S. Wallen. 
William Hani^on W.jcdr 
Abram Woodrntf. 
Geoige M. D. Woodruff. 



Twenty-fifth Eeg-iment.— In d"^, wliicli was a 
nine moiitii.s' reguiieut, Cuinbeiiand (.;<nirity was ie|)- 
resented by one man in Coriip;tny E, eleven men in 
Comp.iny F, nine in Coiiipany G, and nearly all the 
members of Coi>ii.';;ny D. la its j'l moii-.ui tiiu rei^i- 



GHNKllAL HISTORY. 



87 



iiu'iit would i'oiii|i;ire favorably with any in tlie ser- | 
vice. i 

It arrived in ^\'ashinJ;ton on the 11th of October, j 
]SG2, and war; first made a part oi' Gen. Ca;-ey's ilivi- j 
sion. Early in Xoveniber it went to Kaiiiax !reini- 1 
nary, and on the 30th of that month marched for 
Falmouth, where it arrived on the 0th of December, 
and became a part of the Ninth Army Corps. In i 
the battle of Fredericksburg it was closely engaged, j 
and made an honorable record. After this battle ; 
it remained in camp near Falmouth till March, 
l.'^63, when it proceeded to SutlVdk. and encamped ; 
near the Dismal Swamp, where it remained about a i 
mouth, when it engaged for a time in building roads j 
and bridges. In the action near .Sutfulk, Va., May 
3, 1SG2, the Twenty-fifth was again engaged, and to j 
its gallantry was largely due the success of the day. I 

A mouth later it was ordered home, and on the i 
20th of June it was mustered out of the service, at I 
Beverly. In a special order, issued when the regi- i 
ment left tl;e field. Gen. Getty said,— j 

"Since the re-riment joined thisdirision, last November, they Lave im- ] 
proved as soMiers with great rapidity ; from the most inexperienced they 
Lave become worthy to be ranked as veterans. Everything '.-.qnired of 
them has been performed cheerfully and well, and they return bolije 
with the proud consciousness of having done their duty." 
TWENTY-FIFTH REG1.^^E^"T. 



CVJIDEKI.ANI) COU: 

Compainj B. 

Joseph Ballange 

Companij D. 

Captain, Ethan J. Garretson ; First Lieutenj 

Lieutenants, Joseph Bateman, Charle 

liams; Sergeants, Benjamin F. Willian 

thaniel Weftcott, James \V. Trencha 

Kufus K. B'-iiuett, George Crosrer, Fra 

pard, Ephraim K. Bateman (Jiedi, Cha 



Jii: 
H. Ste 



Steelmii 

Jjtn 

P. Link. 

Charles Diddle. 
Robert M. Bennett. 
John Blizzard. 
Pavid E. Bi.teman. 
Joseph C. Bradford. 
William M. Carter. 
John Coleman. 
Joseph L. Ca=sidy. 
James G. D. Craig. 
Philip Clark. 
Archibald Campbell. 
Peter Ciiliipbell. 
William P. Cooper. 
Job Dilks. 
Ell Earl. 
Hugh Fowler. 
William L. Grey. 
Hor.^tio M. Gates. 
Benjamin F. Ga.5kill. 
Cliarlts Gaskill. 
Charles Keney. 
Lewis B. Holmes. 
John Hanes. 
Joseph E. Hu_-!ed. 
Elmer E. lb._-hen. 
George W. Hall. 
Henry J>. Hine?. 
David W. H.i.ted. 



y. Baten 

res B. Russell, Charle 



It,. Samuel Peacock; Second 
J. Field. B. Frank %ViI- 
i, Willi.am W. Messick, Na- 
J, Henry Jeii; Corporals, 
k Gaudy, Edward H. Sliep- 
es H. Turner, David S. W". 



Mu!i. 



Uii 



B. Whi 



raucis P. Eil 
(died), Willii 



Eldridge Hand. 
John B. Joues, Jr. 
William H. Jordan. 
John P. Farrel. 
Lewis W. Kates (Glo. Co., 
Charles Lore. 
Dallas Lore. 
John M. Jliekolson. 
James Mickolson (died). 
Willis A. Ogden. 
George D. Ogden. 
John E. Ogden. 
JIartin V. B. Powell. 



Be II j a 



i W. Ptt)t 
min Pine 



BenjaE 


nin F.Socknel 


Thoma 


Ls9n 


ton. 


Charle 


sSiv 


nt'. 


Willia 


mU 


Sheppard 


Leona 


d R 


Swing. 


Willia- 


mB. 


Shaw. 


Thomi 


IS B. 


Shaw. 


Elijah 


Tiin 


mpson. 


Willia 


ni T 


His. 


Isaac S. W 


liticar. 


Henry 


W.. 


leii. 


John 


;. W 


estcott. 



Kiirman K. Willis. 






R.iherlO. Walleii. 


Willian, Whili-.ir. 






Benjamin F. Willian 


Henry H.VMiitirav. 






Ephraim L. Young. 




Comya 


y 


/;. 




[Thavles W 


IX 


Iston. 




ComjKtnij 


F. 


Charles Heisler. 






Jeremiah Hampton. 


Daniel Chamber*. 






Samuel Honn. 


John Chambers (corp.) 






Henry Langley. 


Elias Camp. 






John Trout. 


Owen Eudicott. 






Jeremiah WelJon. 


.Samuel Hand. 










Cot'tpa 


1." 


<7. 


Jonathan Borden. 






.\dara Kerrick. 


Joseph Collins. 






John Lloyd, 


John Collins. 






Frederick Marshall. 


Charles H. Coombs. 






Hezekiah Yeach. 


Henry llitchner. 









CHAPTER XVII. 

CIVIL \yAl\.-~iC,;il,;u,e..l.) 
TWESTY-EIGHTH .\ND TIIlriTY-SECOND REGIMENTS. 

Twenty-eighth Regiment. —The Twenty-eighth 
Eegiment was organized umler the provisions of au 
act of Congress approved July 22, 1S61, and was 
mustered into the United States service, for nine 
months, Sept. 22, 1SG2. A draft hud been ordered 
for this date, to fill a requisition (or teii thousand 
four hundred and seventy-eight meu, to serve nine 
months, unless sooner discharged. .Such w.is the en- 
thusiasm of the people that by the time for the draft 
the quota for the State was entirely filled by volun- 
tary enlistment. Company G of this regiment was 
recruited principally in Gloucester County. This 
company was oilicered by Captain, Lewis Schoch ; 
Fir'^t Lieutenant, Jesse C. Chew ; and Second Lieu- 
tenant, Thomas Applegate. Lieut. Chew was suc- 
ceeded by Lieut. Charles L. Luken.-. 

The field and staff officers of the Twenty-eighth 
were : 



onel. Moses v. Wisewell ; 
Major, S. K.Wilson; Adju 
Page ; Surgeon, Will 
N. Baker. 



D. Ne 



t-Cdonei, E. A. L. Roberts; 
.111 A. Gulick ; Chaplain, C. J. 
.\a;iBtant Surgeon, Benjamin 



Col. Wisewell, who assumed command of the regi- 
ment at its organization, was a man of tine intel- 
lectual capacity, and soon acquired a marked hold 
on the confidence of his men, which he retained for 
a time, but in November, 1?G2, by obtruding on his 
command certain oiien^ive avo.vaU in reference to 
the war and the gubernatorial conte-'t then in prog- 
ress in New Jersey, he became unpopul.ir v,-ith a 
large poition of his regiment. His courage, how- 
ever, was undoubted, and at the battle of Fredericks- 
burg he held Ids regiment with great gallantry. He 
fell, severely wounded, PAid v/as carried from the field. 
lie was not able to ^e:^ume service till June, f sii3. 

Lieut.-Col. Roberts was from New York. He was 
in command of tlie regiment from the 14th of No- 



ss 



HISTORY 01> Gl^OUCKSTKU, SALKM, AND CUM I'.KKI.AXD COINTIKS. 



veniber, 1S62, till the 2(\ of January, IStjii, wlioii ho 
wa< di^chargod tor teiulorinj; his re-^iiination in the 
face of the riieniv. Lieut. -Col. .lohn A. Wihlriel;. 
who had been a captain in the .'^eeond RiL'inient, 
then assun\e(i eoniniaiid, and by his Miund judL'Mient 
and wise exercise of antliority soon made tlie reiri- 
nient one of the most effective in the brigade to 
which it belonged. He led the command with great 
bravery in the battle of Chancellorsvillo, where he 
was taken prisoner, but being exchanged, he soon re- 
turned and was discharged with the regiment. 

ilaj. Wilson commanded the regiment a. short time 
in January, 1SG3, and also in the following ^lay, and 
was discharged with it at the expiration of its term 
of service. 

Surg. Newell, during the entire term of service, 
performed the duties of his position with admirable 
efficiency and skill, and was ably seconded in all his 
efforts by his assistant, Dr. Baker. 

Adjt. Gulick acquitted himself with honor in the 
battle of Fredericksburg, and was an eiricient officer 
throughout. He resigned, and was succeeded in 
March, 1803, by Adjt. P>. A. Eobbins, who was also a 
capable officer. 

The chaplain, who at the time of entering the ser- 
vice was pastor of a Baptist Church at Piscatauay, 
proved to be a prompt and faithful ofiicer. 

The regiment, nine hundred and forty strong, left 
Freehold on the 4th of October, 1802, and reaching 
Washington the night of the oth, encamped on 
Capitol Hill, and was furnislied a few days afterward 
■with Springfield musket*. (Dn the 13th it marched 
into Virginia, and was attached to Gen. Abercrom- 
bie's command. On the 1st of December it again 
broke camp, crossed into Maryland, and marched to 
Liverpool Point, on the lower Pototnac, whence, on 
the oth, it crossed to Acquia Creek, and in the niicl>t 
of a driving snowstorm v.ent into camp till the sth, 
when' it proceeded to Falmouth. There it was at- 
tached to the First Brigade (Gen. Kimball's), Third 
Division (Gen. French's), Second Army Corps. 

"During the whole time that the Twenty-eighth 
was connected with the Army of the Potomac it held 
a position on the immediate front, within a short dis- 
tance of the Rappahannock, and was, consequently, 
at all times exposed to attack by raiding parties of 
the enetny. Extraordinarv vigilance and activity 
were thus constantly required, as every alarm, 
whether trifling or otherwise, summoned the ineti 
into line, there to remain for hours, and son)etimei 
for a day and a night at a time, exposed to all the 
inclemency of midwinter as well as to man}' priva- 
tions which regiments in the rear never experience." 
It took part in the engagements at Fredericksburg 
and Chancellorsville. 

TWE.NTy-EIGllTIl KEGIMKNT. 
GLoictsn.E County. 
Contpatui E. 
' Geurye A. Wriglit. 



Company C. 
w-i .ScliiH-li ; riret Lieutenant, Jc^s,' Clicw ; Socoii,! Li,-,ilen- 
il..'s L. Li!koii»; SiTgeiints, Ir,i H. Lo;ip, Ilonry Hunt. J..!,d 
re, .J;i:p..- II. Hew.s WilUain K;il(s: C.irpornl.i. Thirivivs F. 
,I..a.:I.!l T. Unines, Jucb C. Pilk', FlclTick B. W.irriiii;- 
frK. Le^iindiisl), Willmm 11. Wo.ittuTl'.v, WiU.ur F. Cb-w, 
. Oilier. .\;iroii S. Feiitlicrer uli.-h; Musicians, Cluirl.- 



cjili C. Heuclrickson; 



Si. 


.ilUMii H. Hiev 


■n-r. 


l^liarlcs 1.. R»rni 


5. 


.1.1 


tpli B. Browi 




Ed 


war.l B.illenE« 


r. 


Jo 


m T. Urowii. 




Kl 


asKroMU. 




Jacob Hilli'ilper. 




Fr 


eileriok A. Ch 


isinia 


\V 


lliam H. CoiK 


ver. 


Ju 


tin 51. Crane 


,.liei1 


\V 


lliam D.aTiiiso 


n. 


Jo 


(■rli 51. T'aven 


port. 


Sa 


iiuel 31. n.ive 


rport 


Jo 


m Ilongl.i^s. 




Ki 


hard raw„m 





■, Samuel M. Ewell 

Ti v. Mn.lara. 
und Murrell. 
II. M,.ore. 
ie* II. .V. Martell. 
1 H. .Mose3. 
John Xonemaksr. 
Charles Ore. 
John II. Panl (ilied). 
Jiisepli B. Peterson. 
'' ira C. Pierce. 
Charles Pierson. 
John Peoples (died). 



Aui^usti 



Tho 



! J. Porch. 



Christopher Donnegan 
Eustace Efrgie. 
Michael J Fleetwood. 
Jliclia^-l Oiffin. 
Kauiall HeuJrlcksoD. 
riiarles G Ilendrickso 
Henry B. Ileiulricksot 
George Hoffman. 
Arthur Uoflnian. 
James II. Hutchinson. 
FMwar.l Hutchinson. 
V.illiam B. James. 



Jacob G. Pancoaat. 
Vanroon Bobbins. 
"William Rich.ards. 
Hollins r. K-jod. 
Robert P. Strang. 
Lewis Shock. 
John C. Somers. 
William U. Stiles. 
Enoch B. Sonder (died). 
Samuel Staiiger. 
■William il. Shiveler. 
.\lfreJ Siiupkins. 
John Swiit. 
George Sv.abinland. 
Patrick Tool. 
John Tool. 
.Michael Tool. 
Thomas Tool. 



Benja 



lin Jo 



^ol 


n H. Taylo 




Ed> 


•ard C. Tnr 




Bic 


larJ B. Too 


iii 


Geo 


rge Uron. 




Martin U. Van 


B 


Th' 


m 18 W. Wi 


ck 


Pat 


rick W elch 





■William H. Le« 






Lewis Warrington. 


Robert Lynn. 






John Wedmau. 


Michael Marley 










Compa 


mj 


H. 


Thomas S 


. Clark, sergt. ; 


W 


lliamH. Agins, Corp. 




Pardfej 




Pavid S, l-.irter. 






Christian Apple. 


William P. Can 






George \\ . Bittle. 


Edsvard I. Di.tot 






George Brill. 


William Dolan. 






Thom.is S. Clarke. 


Whitten G. Ired 


ell (died,. 




John W. Darnell. 


Franklin I;. Lb. 


■d. 




Benjamin H. Hughe 


J..-liua J. Livze. 






Benjamin W. Hugh 


Richard Ricliar. 


s (serqt.). 




Joseph F. Hughes. 


John W. Snran. 






Benjamin C. Riilon. 



Second Cavalry, Thirty-second Regiment.— 
This regiment was raised in the ^mnivier rif lSij3, 
and reportciJ at Washington on tiic Gih of October, 
in that year. Its field and staff officers were : 



onel, Joseph Karge ; Lieutenant-Colonel, Marc 


IS L. W. Kitchen 


Majors, Frederick B. Revere, P. Jones Vorko, ai 


i! Peter P. Vrovni 


Jr.; Adjutant, J. L.icey Pioreon ; l^uarteinia.-t 


r, James M. Cal'l 


win; Commia.''ary, ■'Aoir^ang Mosse; Surgeon, 


Kardiaand Y. Pay 



Gt:XEnAL HISTORY. 



89 



Il.d; Asaslanl Sur^TMns, William W. lt.,.lbv >ii I L»»rLnco O. 

Tlie ropiiiiont first cnc;iiii[H\l in Vir;.'iiii.i, ;i --liort 
ili-t:inoe iibovo Aloxaiuiria, wlicre it -pout :i montli 
in drill, varioil by two or three scoutinL: ex!«euitioIl^ 
bv (k'tacluiU'nts. 

On tho i'th ot" October it departed by rail for the 
Soutliwest, reaching Ciiicimiati on tlie I'lth.and tVom 
there proceedinjc by water tn Ea.-rport. Miss. There 
it waf engaged in scouting the >iirroiindinir country, 
and occa-ionally skirmiiliing witii the enemy. On 
the 6tli of December it went by steamer to CoUimbus, 
Ky., and thence, on the lotli. to Union City, Tenn. 
On the 23d it moscd to Paris, Tenn.. where it re- 
mained till the loth of January, ISb-i, and tlieii re- 
turned to Union City. On the '22d it marched tor 
Memphis, and reached Colliersville, within twenty- 
five miles of that place, on the Sth of February, al"ter 
a very severe march. On the 11th tlie regiment, with 
other troops, started on an expedition to eii'ect a junc- 
tion with Gen. Sherman, who was about to move to- 
wards Mobile. On the route -everal skirmi-hes and 
two considerable action- occurred, and on liie 2'lth 
Gen. Sherman's forces were met near West Point, 
about one hundred miles north from Meridian. On 
the 22d, at Okolomi, the regiment was in action, and 
by its gallantry aided in retrieving some disasters that 
had befallen two brigades of Union troops. 

During the month of April the regiment was sev- 
eral times engaged, and on the SOth of that month it 
started, with other cavalry and a force of infantry, 
under Gen. Sturgis, to operate against the rebel gen- 
eral Forrest, who had been raiding througii Southern 
Kentucky and Western Tennessee, but who had re- 
treated into Mis.-issippi. On the 2d of May Soiner- 
ville was reached, and the enemy was attacked in his 
inlrenchments on the heights of Bolivar. The Second 
Xew Jersey charged the works, and drove out the 
rebel force, which retreated in conl'u-ion. The Ibrce 
soon afterwards went into camp at Wliite's Station, 
below Memphis. 

Another expedition, under Gen. Sturgis, was sent 
against Forrest, who-e force was encountered at Gun- 
town, on the luth of June, and a battle was fought, 
which, by rea-on of the mi-management of the com- 
mander, resulted di;astrousIy to the Union force. 
The c<jnduct of the ."second Xew Jersey in this action 
was highly creditable. 

Early in July the regiuient, with other troops, was 
transferred to Vicksbur^, in the vicinity of which it 
was several times engacred. It returned to Memphis, 
then went again on a fruitless pursuit of Forre?t, at'ter 
wliicli it was idle during two or three months. Late 
in November it made a ^ucce^^sl'ul expedition into 
Arkan-as. About the 20tli of December it went, witli 
other troops, under Gen. Grierson, to Ripley, Mi-s. 
From this point expeditioin were sent to various 
places, immense amounts of military stores were 
captured and destroyed, and sever.il severe engage- 



ments occurred. In one of these, at F.jypt Station, 
the Second Xew Jersey had seventy-lour men and 
more than ci>.:hty horses killed. 

From this part of Mis-i— inpi the command moved 
souiliwe-lerly to Vick-biir^', and thence tlie Second 
Xew Jer>ey returned by steamer to Memphis, where 
it arrived on the iltli of January, l.>ij.5. Foster says, 
" Xo expedition of the war was more coni[dotely suc- 
cessful, and in none did the Second Xew Jersey ex- 
hibit greater gallantry and soldierly endurance than 
in this dash through the very heart of Mississippi." 

The regiment was at once ordered to report tn Gen. 
Davidson, at Natchez, Mi-s.^ where it arrived on the 
lOtli. On the 4th of March it was ordered to report 
to Gen. Grierson, at New Orleans, and on the Sth it 
encamped at Carrollton. On the 5th of .Vpril the 
regiment was ordered to Mobile, Ala., but only a 
portion of the command arrived in time to partici- 
pate in the taking of Fort Clakely and Spanish Fort. 
Thence the regiment marched to Eufala, .Via., where 
inlbrmatiou of the practical ending of the war was 
received. 

On the 16th of June the detachments of the regi- 
mei;t were united at Vicksburg, and on the Suth a 
portion of the one year men were mustered out. The 
balance were engaged in provost duty at various 
points till the Ist of November, wheu they were 
mustered out at Vicksburg. 

The regiment had part in the following actions: 

Fairf:ix. Va., Oct. IT, 1S'>3; luka. Mi.-5., Dec. 4. 1S03; Jiicksou. Tenn., 
Dec. 30. ISM; n»ar Moscow, Tena., F,;b. 13. ISCt ; .\berJei-n, Jlisb., Feb, 
13, 1S..4 : West Point. Miss., Feb. 20 and 21, l5B4; Oki.lnna, Mhs., Feb. 

22, 1S61 ; Irj- T.trm, Mi-s, Feb 22, 160i4; Tallahatthee RiTer, Mi53.,Feb. 

23, 1S04; Baieijb, Tenn.. .\pril lU, 1464; liulivar, Teun., .May 2, ls'.4 ; 
Uoliy iprincs. Miss., May 23, 1.S04; Corinth, Miss., June H, ISCi : Kip- 
ley, 5Iiss., June V. 1SC4 ; llatchie Rirer, Miss.. June S, l>r.4; Gur.town, 
:3IiiS., June 10,1504: Ripley, Miss., June 11. 1S04; WalJrous Bridt'e, 
M:,-s., June 11, iS04; Davis' Mill (on Hatcbie River,, Tenn., June 12. 
lS'-4: Ulica, Miss., July 12, ISM; Gr.inrI Gulf. Miss., July 14, 15M; Port 
Giisou, Miss. July 15 aurt 10.1^64; Gran. I Gulf. Miss., July IT, lit:;4; 
Jacks..n, Mi>s., July 20, li«; .\bbyTille, Miss., .\uj. 10. l'jr;4; Talla- 
l.,itrhee Rirer.Mis;., An::. 14. 1SC4; Teppo River, Mi,s., .*ui. 15, 1S04; 
Waterford, Miss., .\ug. 19, 1S04; near Jlempbis, Ten.i.. Sept. 12 aud 13, 
ISM: Syracuse, Mo., Oct. 10. 1-64; lli^' Itlue and Osa','e River, KaQ., Oct. 
23 to 25, lSt>4 Fort Sc.;tt. Ark., Oct. 2-, l.-ivl ; Cij Lnke, Ark., Xi..v. 20 
and .30, li«; Veron:!, IMiss., Dec. 25, ItM; Ejyiit Siation, Miss., Dec.CS, 
liiA; Spanisu Furt (Mubilei, Ala., April S, LsO.i ; Fort Bl.akely (Mobile), 
Ala., Afnl 10, li«; Clakely, Ala., April 12, 1S6.5; Maninsliam, Ala., 
April 23, Itw. 

TIIIRTT-SECONU EEGIMKNT (SECOND CAVALRTi. 

GLorcr.siER Coc.\tt. 

Company! D. 

(.-ar-taio, Cbar!£.>y. Pelonz": First Lieutenant, .Mfred llarnes; Second 

Li.^utof.ant. Albert K. Crump, 
riia. 1^ n, ri.anJler, s'r^t., enl, Aug. 20, isr.3. 
J,.Ln KilbofTsr, eul. Auj. 15, l.->C:i; must, out July 29, 16G5, 
Mulf.rd ilowpil. .er;t., eut. Aui; 1, l^^'JI; di^cli, di-.ibility Oct. 20, isr,4. 
Cbarlei tl. lliv, wr,ct., enl. July S, Ifiiii; 2.1 lieut. Co. U October, 1>';5, 
Goor,;6 W. Waters, sergt., eol, Aui;, 11. 146'. : niu-r. out Xov. 1, UrA. 
David D.an, coq.., enl. Au.-. C, l-'3i; di.-ch. disability Jan. 27, IbiX. 
Daniel H. liatc-rck, Corp.. eul. Arij: 21, l-'Vi: di.-d Aug. 17, 1SC4, 
Tb..ma,i John«,,n, Corp,, enl. .\r.j. zl, lioi: sliot June 10, l5.;4. 
Ricbard 11. J AiiKon, corn., enl. Au?. 1 r, ISiVl ; must, out Au,;. 4, l>e,i. 
Vincent Robcrl:', Corp., enl. July 2'J, 1-03; disch, disability .Marcli 10, 

1S04. 



90 



IIISTORV OF GL0UCKST1;K, SALK>[, and CUMP,!:i;I.ANI) CO'uNTlHS. 



James F. Wrny, Jr., Corp., oiil. Anp. i. ISO:!; .im-sorpt. July 1, 1SG4 : 

1st lieut. Co, F Oct. ■J4, Imo: must, imt Nov. 1, lSi;\ 
Jesse Andrews, enl. Auf:. In. 1m;:! ; must, out Nov. 1, I,'iO,'>. 
Thonins Bnuly, eiil. Aug. i. I.MKt. 
Ilendrick liriuknmn, enl. Aug. IS, lSi::l : trans, to Vet. Ros. Corfs S.pl. 

30, 1604: ilisoh. Nov. 1, l.Si». 
William S. BuuJick, enl. July .«, 1SC3 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Toips Jan. 1, 

ISlB; ilisch. .Murch 11. USfO. 
Robert-Ilruwn, enl. Aug. 20. ISiCi. 

Jacob Cats, enl. Aug. 10, ISl'.:!; must, out June 9, l.<0o. 
Joseph I). Curtis, enl. Aug. 15, ISO.l. 
Dauiel Clary, enl. July 8, ItO:!. 
George Davis, eul. Aug. 20, 1S63. 
John Pilks, eul. Aug. 20, IsiM; .lie.l Feb. 19, 1S64. 
James Ilowuiug, enl. July l;!, 1S6.). 
John Uolan, eul. Aug. 24. ijCi 

John K. Fisher, enl. Aug. 13, lSi;3; killed accidentally I>ec. 2S, 1S04. 
Whitney Fry, enl. Aug. 20, l.-GS; disch. disability Aug. 3, l^e4. 
William nail, enl. Aug. 2.5, Usij.!; umst. out Nov. 1, ISCo. 
Jesse L. Harrison, eul. Aug. 24. ISO:!; killed iu action June 11, l.sOl, at 

Guntowu, Miss. 
George T. Hill, eul. Aug. 4, 1?63. 

Joseph .M. Hook, enl. July 21, 1S63; died Jan. S, ISOo, at Andersouville. 
George Hewett, enl. Aug. 3, l.<03 ; must, out Nov. 1, l!>io. 
John Hamilton, enl. Aug. 15. lSil3. 
Jobn Jackson, eul. Aug. 24,1603; Corp. Sept. 4, ISt4 ; must, out XoT. 

1, 1605. 
Albert Kaelppel, enl. July 13. l.iioa ; died Jan. 21, 1S64. 
Thomas King, eul. July 2:i, ISO.;. 

John Logue, enl. July 23, ls03 : died Jan. S, 1805, at AtideRionville, Ga. 
William W. Ladd, enl. June 1.5, 1863; died Dec. 15, ISia. 
Albert Mclhvaiue, enl. Aug. 21, 1.S03 ; must, out Nov. 1, 1S65. 
John Madara, enl. July 15, 1603; must, out Nov. 1, ISM. 
Edward Moore, enl. Aug. 25, 1,663 ; died April 17, ISM. 
Philip Obert, eul. July 29, 1S03 ; Corp. Sept. 1. ISO! ; sergt. Junel, 1S65 ; 

must, out Nov. I, 1805. 
William Peoples, enl. Aug. 14, 1SC3 ; must, out Nov. 1, le'35. 
Dauiel Ryan, eul. July 8, 1803. 
William Smith, enl. Aug. 19, 1S03. 
Charles Smith, enl. Aug. 20, 1S0.3. 

Samuel Tomlin, enl. Aug. 20, 1803 ; must, out June 29, 1865. 
George W.Turley, enl. Aug. 21, ISGJJ; must, out Nov. 1,1605. 
Gootfrecd Wollenburg, enl. Aug. 20, 1863. 

Thomas Whittaker, eul. Aug. 25, 1603 ; must, out June 29, 1SC5. 
Charles L. Warner, enl. Aug. 25, 1663 ; died Oct. 7, lSi;4, at AuJerson- 

ville, Ga. 
Joseph Filler, enl. Sept. 3, 1804 ; must, out June 29, 1665. 
Benjamin J. Pierce, eul. .\ug. 31, 1SG4 ; traus. to Co. C. 

Company K. 
John E. Lozei, enl. Sept. 12, 1S04 ; trans, to Co C. 



t July 6, 1S63. 



Lorenzo Duffield. 



Salem Count' 
Compantf A. 



Philip Adams, enl. Aug. IT, ls(;3; must, out Nov. 1, 1805. 

Otto Brown, enl. Sept. 2, 18C:!. 

James Carroll, enl. Aug. 17, 1.603; must, out Oct. .3, 1805. 

Thomas Duffy, enl. Aug. 20, 166.3 ; must, out June 5, 166.5. 

Robert EngUlmrdt, enl. Sept. 2, ISO). 

William II. Ilarvie, enl. Sept. 2,1663; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Aug. lu, 

ISO-l. 
Robert H. O'Neill, enl. Aug 24, IS63; disch. disability Nov. 20, 166.3. 
Robert Reed, enl. Aug. 20. 1863; died Aun. 17. 18>'4. 
Oiarbs Timberman.eul. Sept. 3, 1803; killed accidentally May 11,1804. 



I Dunham, Sept. 2, 1664 ; mus 



[ June 29, 1805, 



(.'o;i.j!ani/ T. 
Captain, William F. Scudder; Fir-t Lieutenant, Leivis Rainear; 

Lieutenant, Lemuel Fisher. 
Jobn Woolmau, enl. Sept, 5, 1603; died Jan. 12, 1604. 
John Chandler, enl. Sept. 16, 1801 ; qnu-nergt. Sept. 26, 18'3. 
Charles W. Vreeland, enl. Sept. 1, ISOl; must, out Nov. 1, lbC5. 



O.injwiii/ F. 

David liigley, enl. Aug. 2, 1663. 

James II. F.iX. enl. Aug. 26, l6.;i, must, ou 

David Jlack, eul. Aug. :il, l.M'.:i. 

Mai tin riinuin,enl. Aug. 21, 16i:3; disch. disability Sept. 24, 1S04. 

William Wheeler, enl. Aug. 31, \!-ca ; must, out Nov. 1, 1665. 

Charles Will.ird. enl. Sept. 1, 1663. 

Israel llrow n. sergt., enl. Sept. 14. 1603 : disch. disability Jiily 18.1805. 

WilliBiu Abls.lt, eul. Sept. 14, 1,<C3; died July 14, ISiU. 

Joseph Aleut, enl, Sept. 12, 1S03 ; died July 15, 1664, at Andersouville, Ga, 
; George W, Booily, eul. Sept. 14, 16i.3; must, out Nov. 1, bsoi. 
: James Hlickluni, eid. Sept. 17, 1603; must, out Nov. 4. iMo. 
I Edward D. Derlsler, enl. Sept. 6, 1863 ; must, out Nov. 1, 18(!5. 
j Peter Brandt, enl. Sept. 5, 1603. 
I Hugo Brandt, eul. Sept. 14, 1S63. 
I John Cake, eul. Sept. 9, 1663 : must, out Nov. 1, 1665. 

Peter T. CampOell, enl. Sept. 19, 1663; disch. disability Feb. 6, 1864. 
' Levi Caler, eul. Sept, 16, 166:1. 

Michael Dambrouch, enl. Sept. 7, 1663. 

George W. Green, enl. Sept, 16, 1603; died July 1, 16iU. of wounds ro- 
I ceived in action near Guntowu. Miss. 

Charles Headier. Corp.. enl, Sept. 14, 1603 : must, out Nov. 1, 1665. 

Lewis Keller, blacksmith, enl. Sept. 8, 1663; must, out Nov. 1. 1865. 

Williaui II. Munlon, enl. Sept. 9, 1S64; must, out M.ay 27, 1665. 

Charles T. F, May hew, enl. Sept. 14, 1S63 ; died Aug, 15, 1S64, 

Samuel S. Miller, eul. Sept. 14, 1663; died Aug, 4, 1664, at Anderson- 
villc, Ga, 
. Henry Nenstiel. enl. Sept. 14. 1603; died Nov, 20. 1664. 
i Dauiel Pierce, enl. Sept, 4, 1603; died April 22, 1664, 
; William T. Phillips, eul, Sept. 3, 1863; corp, .Tau. 8, 1664; 1st sergt. 
j March 15, 1664 ; 2d lieut. Co. D Sept. 20, 1S64. 

j Delaney Pugh, enl. Sept. 14, 1663; must, out Nov. 1, 1S65. 
; Nathan Pawing, enl. Sept. 12, 1663 : died July 25, 1665. 
I George M. Pierce, enl. Sept. 11, 1663; must, out June 17, 1S65. 

Jacob R. H. Seeds, eul. Sept. 10, 1663 ; killed accidentally Aug. 5, 1S05. 
I Theodore F. Walker, enl. Sept. 13, 1663 ; must, out Nov. 1, 1865. 

j f'ompatiy K. 

j Captain, Morris R. Stratton ; First Lieutenant, Fi-ederick von Klitz.ug; 

I Second Lieutenant, Lambert L. Mulford. 

j Richard G. Hadley, sergt., enl, Aug, 25, 1803 ; died Aug. 20, 1S65. 

Frank A. Hill, sergt., enl, Aug. 21, 1863 ; wounded and missing at Okc- 
j lona, Miss., Feb. 22, 1S64. 

Charles llawkesworth. 1st sergt , enl. Aug. 27, 1863; 2d lieut. Co. I Pec. 
j 28, 1604 ; must, out Nov. 1, 1805. 

I Benjamin Smith, sergt., July 22, 16133; must, out June 23, ISio. 
Stacy F. Moore, sergt., eul. Aug. 2.3, 1663; must, out Nov. 1, 1603. 
James U. Glass, sergt., Aug. 22,1603; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps March 6, 

1864; disch. Oct. 19, 1865. 
Frederick Hadley, sergt., enl. Aug. 26, 1S63; died Oct. 25, 1865. 
William Pease, corp., enl. Aug. 21, 1863 ; died Dec. 23, 1804. 
William H. Peterson, Corp., enl. Aug. 17,1863 ; sergt. Jan. 1, 1664 ; must. 

out Nov. 1, 1664. 
Chambless Applegate, Corp., enl. Aug. 25, IS'S; killed Dec. 28, l,s'>4, at 

Egypt Station, Va. 
Isaac S. Cannon, Corp., cnl. Aug. 19, 1863 ; must, out Nov. 14, 1665. 
Zenas P. Loiighland, Corp., enl. Aug. 24, 1863; must, out Nov. 1, 1665. 
Maskell E. Robinson, corp., enl. Aug. 25, 1663 ; died Oct. 4, 1864. 
Joseph Bullinger, bugler, enl. July 21, 1863 ; must, out Nov. 1, 1665, 
William McNichols, enl. Aug. 15, ISr^J ; must, out Nov. 1, 1865. 
Burria Applegate, enl. Aug. 24, 1-63 ; must, out June 23, 1505. 
William B. Bacon, enl. Aug. 24, 1663; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps July j, 

lc64; dis/;h. Nov. 1, 1665. 
James C. Blackwooii, eul. Aug. 24, 1863 ; sergt. Sept. i, 1661 ; must, out 

Nor. 1, 1865. 
John Banks, eul. Aug. 21. 16C3. 

Joseph F. Bright, eui. July 27, 1863 ; died June 4, 1864. 
i William H. Eowltinghouse, enl. Aug. 17, 1803 ; di..ch. disability Nov. 30, 
1364. 
Ephraim Chamberlain, enl. July 27, 1603; must, out Nov. 1, 1663. 
William Clark, HoI. Aug. 23, 1603; Corp. Jan. 1,1.-05; must, out Not. 1, ' 

1605. 
Clinton F. Ciioeseman, enl. Aug. 25, 1.-63 ; sergt. Junel, 1663 ; must, out 

Nov. 1, 1665. 
Thoauis B. Campbell, enl. Aug. 24, 1863 ; 
lac Clemmcns, enl. July 21, 1603 ; mus 



:st. out Nov. 1, 1865, 
lit July 2:i, 1S65. 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



91 



rrnncis S. Puo,ife, nil. Aug. ii, ISM : must, init July 10, IR.V 

s.,n"ifl K. P.iU««-. onl. Aug. 15, isii:! : .lieii Fell. IS, IM'O. 

J »..|.h S. IVuni.i, onl. Aug. i\, ISiU; did Poc. 1, Isin. 

Mniu.'l Pickiuson, eui. Aug. 24, ISiVi: Corp. June 1, ISCo; must, out 

.Not. 1, ISM. 
J.lin r.. l>ul.i.is, enl. Aug. 3, ISC.i; must, cut Not. 1, is.a. 
(y«,.rJ Kleins, cril. Aug. 2i, IMil. 
KugniP Kllswortli, enl. Aug. 0. ISM. 

Jan..« P. I'luhiw, enl. Aug. IT, 1SC3; must, out June 30, 1S65. 
.folin S. Frio.s eul. Aug. IS, ijiCi; Corp. Junu 1, ISi.4 ; »ergt. Mov. 1, 1,SC4 ; 

luust. out Nov. 1. 1SG5. 
.I.Hiol> Frii's enl. Sept. 13, l.^M: iliscll. disuHlity Mny 2.'., l.'iC4. 
John \V. Gil'son, eul. Aug. l^i, ISij^); must, out .\ov, I, IStw. 
George C. Garrison, enl. Aug. 19, ISSJ; must, out Aug. 4, 1S6.5. 
John tialhighin, enl. Aug. 2:5, 1S03 ; must, out Sov. 1, 1S65. 
f;.>.rge Gre.v, enl. Aug. ij, ISta. 

Jolin Galluglier. enl. Aug. 19, 1863; died April 111. 1804. 
Jo-epli S. GiTri.ion, enl. Aug. IS, 1S63; Corp. Xov. 1, IStH ; mu~t. out 

Xov. 1,1S05. 
Deujauiin Harris, eul. Aug. 24, 1S63 ; Corp. Jan. 1, 1SC4 ; must, out Nov. 

l,]S&i. 
J,«eph M. Hunter, enl. Aug. 26, 1S63; must, out July 14, 1S65. 
Henry Harding, eul. Aug. 26, 1S63. 
John Hopkinsenl Aug. 22, lSfl:i; Corp. Jau.I, 1S64; sergt. Nov. 1,1S04; 

must, out Xov. 1, ISCo. 
Kichard Hewitt, enl. Aug. 23, 1S«. 

i;otllieb Lindenberger, enl. Aug. 13, IS03- must, out June 2S, 1SC.5. 
James W. Lawney, enl. Aug. 2.5, 1S63; must, out Xov. 1, 1863. 
Thomas Lippiucott ^l), enl. .\ug. 22. 1SG3. 

Th.imas P. Lewis, eul. Aug. 21,1803; must, out Xov. IS, l.^Oo. 
Thomas Lippincott (2i, enl. Sept. 15, 1S63; must, out Xov. 1, 1865. 
Charles T. Loper, enl. Sept. 13, 1804 ; trans, to Co. 11. 
Joseph C. Marlin. enl. July 22, 1S63; killed while foraging April 2fl, 18M. 
George M. Morrison, enl. Aug. 25, 1S63; must, out Xov. 1, 1805. 
Lewis Moose, eul. Aug. 2:1, 1S6.>; died Oct. 17, 1865. 
Joseph Jlillington, enl. Aug. 26, lS6:i. 
John Mowers, eul. Aug. 20, 1863; Corp. Aug. 20, 1863; sergt. Xov. 1. 

1864 : must, out Xov. 1, ISGo. 
Michael Mart, enl. Aug. S, 1863; must, out June 10, lS6o. 
D.ivid Xewman, enl. July 29, 1863; must, out Xov. 1, ISGo. 
Horatio S. Packard, enl. Aug. 25, 186:i; must, out June 10, 1865. 
William Patterson, enl. Aug. 25, 1863 ; trans, to A'et. Ees. Corps July 1, 

1864 ; disch. Xov. 1, 1865. 
Philip S. Reeves, eul. Aug. 23, 1863 ; must, out Xov. 1, 1865. 
William Iteall, eul. Aug. 25, 1S63; must, out Xov. I, 1863. 
Charles Richuian, eul. Sept. 6. 1864 ; trans, to Co. D. 
John Sett, enl, Aug 23, 1863. 

John Simpkins, enl. July 31, I.8C3; must, out Xov. 1,1865. 
Joseph G. Simpkins, enl. Aug. 1, 1863; must, out Xov. 14, 1865. 
Benjamin Stanger, enl. Aug. 21, 1863; mu^t. out Xov. 1, 1563. 
J"hn Stowe. enl. Aug. 25, 186:3; must, out Xov. 1, 1865. 
James B. Siiiilener, enl. Aug. 25, 1863 ; died Jan. 19, 1864. 
Jonathan R. Seeds, enl, Aug. 25, 1663 : must, out Xov. 1, 1865. 
Matthew Tomlin, enl. Aug. 16, 1S63; died Jan. 26, 1864. 
Hen.y Thomas, enl. Aug. 23, 1863. 

William Townsend, enl. Aug. 25, 1803; died March 7, 1864. 
Allwrt Trump, enl. Aug. 25, 1663. 
Theodore Toppen, enl. Aug. 26, 1863. 
Alfred Vesso, enl. Aug. 26, 1863. 

Juseiih B. Vaiineman, bugler, enl. Aug. 26, 1863; must, out Xov. 1,1865. 
Andrew J. Vanneman, enl. July 25, 186! ; must, out Xov. 1, 1,865. 
Henry Walter, enl. Aug. 26, 1S«. 
To«i;B,.nd Waluisley, enl. Aug. 24, ISM; corp. Jan. 1, 1865; must, out 

Xov. 1, I,„:5. 
Charles Wilhelm, enl. Aug. 24, 186.3. 

Companij L. 
John M.mnt, enl.Sept. 2, 1864; disch. June 29, 186.5. 



CHAPTER .Win. 

CIVIL \\A\\.^{r...,!i„u.:d.) 
j 
i THTRTY-FOrUTll AND TIIIKTY SIXTH KF;(;lMEXrS. 

I Thirty-fourth Reg-iment. — This, nhioh w.is :i 
I tliree-yetirs regiment, w:is recruiteil duriii.u; tlie suiii- 
I mer and autumn ol" 1SC3, chiefly in !Mercer, Burlin;.;- 
ton, Camden, and Salem Counties; though many 
came from other parts of the State, and nituiy others, 
who were attracted by the large bounties then olleredi 
I came from Xew York and Philadelphia. 
1 The regiment was mustered into the service in the 
j latter part of October, and was ordered to Eastport, 
; Miss., to report to Gen. W. T. Sherman. On the 16th 
of November it left Trenton eight hundred strong, 
I and proceeded, by way of Philadelphia, over the 
Pennsylvania Railroad to Pittsburgh, and thence to 
JefTersonville, Ind., where it embarked on transports, 
j and passed down the Ohio River to Paducah, Ky. 
j About seventy of the bounty-jumpers, who had en- 
i listed, deserted during this trip. From Paducah the 
\ regiment went on the same transports three hundred 
miles up the Tennessee River to its destination at 
Eastport. Thence it went down the river, and 
reached Columbus, Ky., on tire ilOth of December, 
j and at once went to Union City, Tenn. Thence it 
, went on a march through the interior of the State, 
I and on the 21st of January, 1864, returned to Co- 
lumbus, where it remained till the following spring. 
During the summer and autumn of 1.S64 it wiis in 
active service in the interior of Kentucky and Ten- 
i nessee. In the winter of lS6-t-Co it went to Xasli- 
! ville, thence to Paducah, and again to Eastport, and 
; from there to Xew Orleans, where it arrived on the 
I 22d of February. It left that city on the 17th of 
March for Dauphin Island, and took part in the ope- 
j rations in April against Mobile. After the capture 
I of that place the regiment was, during several months, 
I engaged in provost duty at ilontgoinery, Ala., and in 
j supporting the freedman's bureau, and in the fall and 
winter of 1S65 detached companies were stationed at 
I various points in that region. It was mustered out 
] on the 10th of April, 1866, and arrived at Trenton on 
! the 30th of the same month. 

I Foster says, "The regiment was unfortunate in not 

1 having been sooner ordered into the field with the 

i larger armies, but when it did encounter the enemy 

it never failed to do its entire duty. It had the honor 

of striking one of the last blows at the Rebellion, and 

of being the last volunteer regiment from New Jersey 

to quit the -ervice of the Union upon the conclusion 

of the war." 

The regiment participated in the following mictions : 



Colnmbus, Ky., April 13, 1S64 : Hickn 
Ky., July 10,1801; Mayfield, Ky., Sept. 
31,181.4; Kashville, Tenn., Dec. 27, 1 
April 2, 1865 ; St.anLsii Fort, Mobile 
Blakely, Mobile, Ala., April h to 9, IS' 



n. Ky.,June 10, 1,'61; Clinton, 

l-«; Paris Landing, Ky., Oct. 

4 ; Fort Hugar, Mobile, .\la., 

Ala., April 3 and 4, 1865; Fort 



HISTOUV OF GLOUCKSTER, SALEM. AN'l) CU-MBEREAM) COUNTIES. 






Wilii:ini H. Clark. 



Fatrick Ponoolly 



EJwiird .\. rillii.in (Jied). 



James Caffrey. 


William 11. CIr 


Samuel Porch. 






Compjjii/ G. 


Joliu A. Hcil (.sergt.). 


Hiram J. Novt 




Company H. 




James Green. 




Company I. 


Moses S. l>ftnry. 


Siimufl Porcb 




Salem County. 




Compani/ A, 


JosepI 


H. Comptoii ^sergt.). 




Company C. 


Jobn P. Dulin. 


Stephen L. La. 


Jes~.^ H. luriiugton. 


Siimiiel H. Ma 


Willmui Eniniell. 


Tl.um:,s Simpk 


■ 


Compcuy E. 


Jo3t'ph F. DavLs. 


William Emm 


Jacob Wick. 





Clement C. Ballinger (corp.l. I 

Thomas Simpkiiis. J 

George H. Skanitt (died). 



Ebenezer D. Ga 
Richard W. Van 



Co7»patti/ G. 
1 (Corp.). David K. Litel. 



Comp'iiiii K. 

John Dulin. 



Coinpotiy B. 
John Bright. 
Company E. 
Tucker 



Ja 



Companif F. 



David Barnes. 
Klwood Roberts. 



Samuel McNahb. 



Nelson S. Donnelly (died). 



Third Cavalry, Thirty-sixth Regiment.— The 
Thirty-.si.\th Regiment, or Third Cavalry, was raised 
during the winter of 1.SG.3-G4, and mustered into tlie 
service of the United States on the 10th of February, 
in tlie hitter year. Its first desiirnation was " The 
First United States Ilus'^ars," but this name was soon 
dropped. The regimental oflieers were: 

Colonel, Andrew J. Morri:,on ; Lieiitoiiant-rolonel. Charks C. Suydani ; 
Majois, .Siegfrieil vou For.lii^r, William P. Iti.l.pson, Jr., S. V. C 
Van Koii'alaer; Adjut.mt, William J. Starks; Quartermaster, John 
11. Bailey; Commis.«ary, Georse I'atten; Surgeon, William W. 
B.jivU.y; Asbistaiit Surgeons, Lawrence 0. Morgan, Samuel A. 
ThiHiis; Chaplain, John II. Frazee. 



The regiment left the State .\pril r>. 1SG4, and 
marched to Aniiapi>li<, whence, in a short time, it 
proceeded to .Vlex:iiidriii. \'a., and became a part ol' 
the Army of the Potomac. It first engaged in guard 
duty and scouting along the line of the Orange and 
Alexandria R.iilroad, but on the otii of May it was 
ordered forward to participate in operations that had 
then commenced in the Wilderness. Its duty con- 
sisted chiefly in scouting. ]iatroling, watching fords, 
bearing dispatches, etc. A.-^ the enemy fell hack the 
regiment advanced, witii its brigade, and participated 
in the cavalry operations at various points. In the 
vicinity of City Point it was engaged in picket duty 
more than a month. 

Early in Augu>t the regiment went to AVa>!iington, 
and thence, on the 12th, it marched toward Win- 
chester, Va., where it arrived on tlie ITtli. It went 
at once into action, and became fiercely engaged, 
suffering a loss of one hundred and thirty. After 
this action it was engaged in ojierations in the vicin- 
ity of Charlestown and Harper's Ferry. On the loth 
of September it went forward and had an active part 
in a very brilliant atl'air at Derryville, Va. On the 
19th it was engaged at Opequan. From this time 
till the latter jiart of November the regiment was 
actively engaged in the cavalry operations that were 
progressing in that region, and was frequently in 
action. 

In December, 1864, it went into winter quarters, 
and remained till the latter part of February, 1865, 
when it rejoined the army in front of Petersburg. 
There it was enaraged in the ordinary duty of cavalry 
till early in April, " when at Five Forks, fighting 
again with the scarred veterans who had swept Early 
clean out of the Shenandoah, it displayed conspicu- 
ous gallantry, sharing in all the perils as well as the 
splendid achievements of that memorable and glo- 
rious day, on which the power of the rebellion was 
finally and forever broken." 

In its first commandant the regiment was unfor- 
tunate, but after his suspension it at once acquired a 
degree of efficiency that entitled it to a higher repu- 
tation than was accorded to it. Its achievements in 
the Shenandoali Valley gave it a high place in the 
esteem of its commanders and comrades in that cam- 
paign, and it was unjust for those at a distance to 
judge it harshly for reasons that had passed away. 

The regiment took part in the following engage- 
ments : 

ruited states Ford, Va,, May 19. IVA; Aslilaud Slation, Va., June 1, 
\>i-A; North Anna Eiver, V« , June .:. I.v4 : Hawes' .^hop, Va, June:!, 
1,-C4; Dottom's Bridge, Va., June 4, 18i;4 ; White Oak Swamp, Va., June 
13, ISIH; Smith's Store, Va., June 15, 18G4 ; before Petersburg, Va., July 
25, lS(>i; Lee'8 Mills, Va., Juno 4, 1804; Winchester, Va., Aug. 17, IsO-l; 
Summit Point, Va., Aug. 21, 1.SC,4; Kcarneysville, Va,, Aug. 25 and 20 
1R04; Berryville Turnpike, Va., Sept. 13, nU; Ope.4uan, Va., Sept. 19, 
H-J'A: Front Uoval, Va., Sept. 2l and 22,1554; Fisher's Hill, Va., Sept. 
22,1804; ■Winchester, Va., S'pt. 24. 1.804; Waynesboro', Va., Sept, 23. 
1VC4; Bridgewater, Va., Oct. 2. ISCt; To:a's Brook, Va., Oct. 9, lSr,4 ; 
Cupp-; Mills, Va., Oct. 13, 18B4 ; Cedar Creek, Va., Oct. 19, 186-1; Back 
Eoud (near Cedar Creek), Va., Nov. 12, IsCl ; Moont J.irkhon, Va., Nov. 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



93 



.'-'. 18M; Luccy'3 SiTinc, Va,, D.x. 21, 1S04: Morefield, Va., Fi'b. 22, 
l^l'v. ; Vii)'"''''!""''.-'', Va., M.irch 2. 1803; Pinwi.Liie Cuurt-Hnuso, Va., 
>Ii.rch 31, 1S0.5; Five K.irks, Vii , A|iril 1, ISO.i; ca|itiirc of IVtiTsliTirR, 
\n., Al'ril 2, \SU; Dfi'ip CrcoU, Va , .\pvil ;>, 1S65; Sailor'3 Crock, Va., 
.Kynl 6, 1805; Api>oniatto."£ Elation, Va., April S, 1805; .\ppomatt(tX 
,-..iirt.IIoU30, Va. l,L^-e's surreii.Ier), April tf, 1.^05. 

THIRD CAVALUY. 

Gloucester Cointt. 
Compnity B. 
rlwrsc y. Pavis, cnl. Jan. 1, 1SG4 ; nuiat. out Aui;. 1, 1865. 

ro)jjp'M*(/ 0. 

rliarles S. Billings, enl. Sept. 22, ISM; niOHt. out Juno 7, lS6,i. 
Tlinnias L. Kendrick, enl. Sept. 22, ISHl ; must, out June 7, 18t^. 

Company G. 
Jo-)iua r. Howell, enl. Aug. 15, 1804 ; must, out Juno 6, 1805. 
Clmrlci F. Miller, enl. Aug. 12, 1804; must, out June 0, 1805. 
Andrew H. Tost, enl. Aug. HO, 1804 ; trans, to Co. B. 
Tliouias B. Suethen. enl. Aug. 15, 1804 ; must, out June 0, 1805. 
Josiah H. Tice, enl. Aug. 30, 18C4; trans, to Co. E. 

Compuinf H. 
Jacob G. Pancoast, enl. Oct. 10, 1864. 
Abraham Steinbaker, enl. Oct. 7, 1804. 

Addilwnal AanM.— James Jenkins, Co. E; George Hillmar, Charles F. 
Miller, William V. B. Pierce, Co. G ; John G. Clark, Co. M. 

S.4LK11 Cor.VTT. 

Co7jipitity F. 
James Allen, enl. Jan. 2, 1804 ; must, out Aug. 1,1865. 
Kicbard Hawn, enl. Jan. 2, 1804 ; niu^t. out Aug. 1, 1805. 

Compainj H. 
Charles F. Dorn, enl. Dec. 24, 1803; must, out Aug. 1,1885. 
George Kdwards, enl. Dec. 7, 1863; nuHt. out Aug. 10, 1805. 
Joseph Mills, enl. Dec. 31, 1803; must, out Aug. 1, 1803. 
Andrew B. Snjder, corp , eul. Dec. 31, ISi^; must, out Aug. 1, 1865. 

CVMBEKLANU CoU.NTi". 

Compnny A. 
Levi Christian, enl. Jan. 4, 1804; must, out Aug. 1, 1865. 
William r. Batts, enl, Dec. 8, 180; ; must, out Aug. 1, 1S65. 

Coinpanit G. 

Captain, Thomas R. Mekong; First Lieutenant, William M. Scott; 
Second Lieutenant, Gill ert Tice. 

John Adams, enl. Dec. 2..;, Is03 ; must, out Aug. 1, 1805. 

Alexander Anderson, bugler, eul. Dec. 23, l.S«3: died Deo. 24, 1864. 

Jacob Adams, enl. Jan. 4, 1864; must, out Aug. 1, 1805. 

George J. Bard, enl. Dec. 23, 1803 i died Aug. 31, 1.-J04. 

Alfred J. Br.x;ks, enl. Dec. 28, 1863; disth. June 23, 1803, wounds re- 
ceived in action. 

Benjamin F. Buck, enl I.'ec. 23, 1603 ; must, out Aug. 1, 1805. 

Gideon Biggs, enl. Dec. 23, 1803; sergt. Aug. 1, 1861; killed in action 
Sept. 13, 1864. 

.John H. Boody, enl. Dec. 23, 1303 ; must, out Aug. 1, 1865. 

Charles Bartlett, enl. Dec. 22, 1803; must, out July 19, 1805. 

Jonathan D. Buck, eni. Dec. 23, 1S03; must, out Aug. 1, 1805. 

Cornelius Brannin, enl. Jan. 4, 1864; must, out Aug. 1, 186.5. 

Samuel F. Bennett, enl. Dec. 22, 1S63; must, out -^ug. 1, 1804. 

William II. Beebe, enl. Jan. 5, 1S04; must, out Aug. 1, 1805. 

John W. Cawmau, enl. Dec. 28, 1803; must, out Aug. I. 1805. 

K2niChampion,cnl. Dec. 22, 1S03; must, out May 21, 1605. 

Eoberl Camhlis, enl. Dec. 23, 18i>3. 

William K. C,unn, com.-sergt, eul. Dec. 2.;, 1863; mu.-it.out Aug. 1,180.5, 

James .M. Chamberlain, enl. Dec 2.!, I6ii3; must, out Aug. 1, 1805. 

Charles P. Clunn, sergt., enl. Dec. 23, 1803 ; must, out Aug. 1, 1805. 

Joseph T. Donnelly, enl Dec. 22, 1803; must, out Aug. 1, 130.3. 

Knoch F. Doughty, enl. Dec. 23, 1803; killed in action Aug. 2i, 1804. 

John L. Dongiity, enl. Dec. 22. 1803 ; died Feb. 20, 1804. 

Jonathan M. Davi.s, larrier, enL Jan. 1, 1804; must, out Aug. 1, 1805. 

Andrew J. Fox, enl. Deo. 23, 1863; must, out Aug. 1, Isoo. 

Klwood Fisher, eni. Dec. 28, ISr^J; must, out Aug. I, 1863. 

Israel Garron, enl. Dec. 2k, 1803 ; must, out May 23, 18(a. 

John Griner, enl. Dec. 23, i8r-i ; must, out Aug. 1, 18'i5. 



Henry U. Griflith, '.-Til. Der. 23, 1803; Corp. Sept. 1, lSo4 ; must, out Aug. 
5 1,1805. 

. William Garrison, enl. Dec. 22, 1803; must, out Aug. 10, ISC'). 

Charles P. Garrison, nnl, Dec. 28, 1803; must, .lut Aug. 1, 180.5. 

Samuel Gelsinger, enl. Dec. 28, ISO;!; must, out Aug. 1, 1805. 

Christopher Garrison, enl. Jan. 2, 1S« ; disch. Nov. 24, 1,805. 
j James V. Hughes, enl. Dec. 23, IStli ; must, out Aug. 1, 1805. 

John Hcadh-y, enl. Dec. 2:!, 1803 ; must, out Aug. 1, ISia. 
I t'hailes Hankins, enl. Dec. 22, 1803 ; must, out Aug. 1, 18c',o. 
! George Hogan, enl. Dec. 22, 1803; must, cut Aug. 1, IS05. 
' Andrew Ililes, enl. Dec. 23, 181-3; must, out Aug. 1, 1605. 

David Harris, enl. Jan. 19, 1804; must, out Aug. 1, 1865. 

James HuJley, enl. Aug. 24, 1SC4; trans, to Vet. Kcs. Corps April 14, 
I ISia ; disch. July 11, ISiio. 

John Impson, enl. Jan. 5, 1804 ; must, out .\ug. 1, 1803. 
I William Jones, enl. Dec. 28, 1803; mu<t. out Aug. 1, 1805. 
I David Key, enl. Dec. 2:3, 1863 . sergt. Jan. 19, 1805; 2d lieut. Aug. 4, 
; 1805; must, out Aug. 12, 18io. 

I Charles Loder, enl. Dec. 22, 1803; died Oct. 19, 1864. 
' Henry M. Lee, enl. Dec. 22, 1803; must, out Aug. 1, 1865. 

Henry Lippiucott. enl. Doc. 22, l8G3 : regt. cj.m.-sorgt. Sept. 1, 1864. 

John Lutes, enl. Dec. 22, 1863; died Juno 11,1804. 

Joseph A. Messick,enl- Dec. 2.S, 1863; must, ont May 23, 1865. 

Thomas Morgan, enl. Dec. 20, 1863; must, out Aug. 1, 1805. 

Irvin Marks, enl. Dec. 22, lSl3; must, ont Aug. 1, 1365. 

Avery S Messic, enl. Dec. 22, 1303 : sergt. Feb. 0, 1814 ; must, out Aug. 
' 1, 1863. 

! Henry Morris, enl. Dec. 22, 1803; must, out Aug. 1, 1805. 
I Barney McAuley, enl. Dec. 23, 1863. 

I Samuel Morris, enl. Dec. 22, 1863 ; must, out July 6, 1865. 
j Joseph B. Myers, enl. Dec. 23, 1863 ; must, out Aug. 1, 1S05. 
j Levi S. Messic, enl. Dec. 28, 1803 ; .lieil Aug. 31, 1864. 
: Joel Madden, eul. Doc. 22. ISO!; must, out Aug. 1,1365. 
j JamosMcGill, en!. Jin.l, ISCl; died Dec. 2S, 1364. 
i Jacob Xiplin, enl. Dec. 24, 1803 : must, out Aug. 1, 18C3. 
! John Owen, enl. Dec. 22, 1803 ; must, out Aug. 3, 1305. 
i George W. Penn, enl. Dec. 23, 1803 : killed in actiou Aug. 21, 1304. 
i Lewis R. Paine, enl. Doc. 24, 1363 : trans, to Vet. Res. Corps .March 15, 
I ISOo; clisch. Aug. 9, 1365. 

\ Joseph T. Rose, sergt., enl. Dec. 23, 1803; q.m. -sergt. Sept. 1,186-1 ; must. 
j out Aug. 1, 1805. 

I Joseph D. Richardson, enl. Dec. 28. 1303 : must, out Aug. 4, 1305. 
• Patrick Raney, enl. Dec. 22, 1803. 
' William Roecop, Corp., enl. Dec. 28, 1803; 1st serjt. Sept. 1, 1304; \'.m=X. 

out Aug. 1, ls63. 
\ Oliver Smith, enl. Dec. 23, 1803; must, out Aug. 1, 180.5. 

John Sheppard, euL Dec. 23, 1803 ; died Mar.;li 21, 1805. 
I Hosea Sithens, saddler, eul. Dec. 2.3, 1803 ; saddler sergt. July 30, 1804. 
! Thomas Sharp, enl. Dec. 23, ls63; killed in action Aug. 17, 1364. 

William E. Smith, enl. Dec. 23, 1803 ; must, out Aug. 1. 1865. 

LJward B. Shaw, enl. Dec. 23, 1303 : must, out Aug. 10,1S>». 

John G. Stout, enl. Jan. 4, 1S04; must, out Aug. 1, 1305. 
; Thomas Tyl-r, eul. Jan. 14, 1804; must, out Aug. 1, 1365. 
' Charles P, Tyler, enl. Aug. 17, 1864 ; must, out June 6, 1805. 
' WMIium Wilfoliie, enl. Dec. 29, 1803; must, out Aug. 1. 1805. 

Joseph Williams, enl. Iiec. il, 1863 ; must, out Aug. 24, 1805. 
i Lemuel G.Welch, Corp., enl. Dec. 23,1863; must, out Aug. 1, 1365. 

I Cortiputi'j II. 

Captain, Kthan T.Harris; First Lieutenant, Barnet Birdsell ; Second 
Lieutenant, John B.imford. 

Henry Allison, enl. Jan. 3, 1864; must, out Aug. 1,1865. 

William E. Brooks, enl. Dec. 1.5, 130:) ; must, out Aug. 1, 1865. 

Enoch Brooks, enl. Jan. 1, 1804; must, out Aug. 1, 1805. 

RoUrl Bell, enl. Dec. 13, 1803; cJsch. April 7, l.?Ot. 

Henry C. Becb", ei.l. Dec. 9. 1803; mu=t. out Aug. 1, 1805. 

Benjamin F. Uirracli.T, enl. Dec. 11, ISKi; must, out May 31, 1805. 

FlaLklin W. Buzby, enl. Dec. 24, 1803 ; Corp. Dec. 31, l,bC4; must, out 
Aug. 1, I8M. 

George S. Buck, enl. Dec 31, ISiS; must, out Aug. 1, 1805. 

Charles B. Buck, eul. Dec. 31, I8ii3 ; must, out Aug. 1, 1305. 
: Jacob H. Brown, larrier, enl. Doc. 31, 1803 : must, out Aug. 21, 1805. 
' James B.-aolord, eul. Dec. 31, 18o3: kiil-d in action gei't. l',l, 1804. 
! Charles iJlaik, enl. Dec, 3i, 1803; Corp. May 19,1804; must, out Aug. 1, 
I 1863. 

William ri.irk. enl. Dec. 31. 1663 : must, out Aug. 1. 180.5. 

James M. Clark, enl. Jan. !. 1801 ; dis<;h. disabiiily (Jot. 20, 1804. 



M' 



lU 



lllSTOKV OF GLOUCKSTF.R, SALEM, AND CUMIJKRLAND COUNTIKS. 



Kul.crt C, riynier, onl. D«-. ;2, ISiO ; nuisl. out AiiR. 1, IfOS. 

Elnm Crozii r, inl. I'ce. 31, IS.J; cor].. July 1, Ibir. ; imist. out Aug. 1, 

1S05. 
Honj«min Couzzuns, elil. Feb 1, U<i.4 ; mu-t. out Aug. 1, It^M. 
S.imuel V. Davis, cul. Dec. ;il, ISiV! ; died Feli. Ui, lsr4. 
Jnnics Dnunmoml, ml. J;i:i. 2, ISiU ; must, out Aug, 3, ISCo. 
Tliivd.ire A. n..rc, 1st sciEt.. oul. Drc. l'.:, ISM; must, out Aug. 1, 1S6S. 
Gfor-c 51. rvJil, onl. t^opt. 3, lM.4. 
Theodore W. Eluii-r, eul. Deo. 7, IMU ; corp. May 19, ^^l■.4 ; died J^in. Ui, 

lS(i3. 
Chillies G. Edwards, enl. Dec. 31, 1S03 ; must, out Aug. 1. ISio. 
Joseph H. Fithiau, Corp., euI. Dec. 11, lSi>) ; scrgt. Oct. i"., 1SC4 ; must. 

out Aug. 1, ISflo. 
Lewis R. Finley, Corp., enl. Dec. 31, lSf.3 ; must, out Juue 19, ISM. 
Enoch IS. Gilrrisou, enl. Dec. 31, 1SG3; must, out Aug. 1, ISi^. 
John Ganet«0M, enl. Dec. 22, 1M3. 

James aarri^ou, eiil. Dec. 31, lt^63; must, out Aug. ], 1S«. 
John E. Gorton, f.irrier, enl Dec. 21, lSO:i; must, out Aug. 1, IS'S. 
Samuel Harris, enl. Dec. 31, 1S63 ; must, out Aug. 1, 1S«. 
Helms Ilerituge, enl. Jan. 2, lfii+; must, out Aug. 1, 1S05. 
Dauiel lle.itou, enl. Jan. 2, lt6o ; died April 30, l.^Co. 
Levi J. Ilarker, eul. Oct. .i, ItM : must, out Aug. 3, 1S0.5. 
Samuel H. Jones enl. Pec. T, 1SG3 ; missing iu action Sept. 22, lSi',4. 
Elwood Jones, enl. Dee. 31, 1S63; died Jan. 10, 1S05. 
William C. Lore, sergt., enl. Dec. 31, ISm; must, out Aug. 1, l!-6o. 
William G Loiler, onl. Jan. 1, lSl!4; discli. dis.il.ility June 9, ISM. 
Franklin McCandless, enl. Dec. 31, 1.^03 ; must, out Aug. 1, ISCo. 
Bartholomew Meder, enl. Dec. 22, IS'W; must, out Aug. 1, 1S6-5. 
George Jla.^ter, eul. Dec. 22, 1S03; must, out Aug. 1, l5ti.i. 
Howard ilinot, eul. Dec. 31, 1SS3; Corp. Oct. 25, 1S(U; must, out Aug.l, 

ISG.i. 
Harris.on McNeely, enl. Dec. 31, ISO:;; must, out August, lS6o. 
Mathias Murphy, enl. Dec. 31, 1S63 ; must, out Aug. 1, 1~05. 
Jonathan ^IcCowau, enl. Dec. 10, 1*03; must, out Aug. 1, 1SC5. 
Samuel A. JlcClintock, enl. Dec. 31, 1S03: must, out ilay IS, l.S6o. 
Edward Mcyuilliau, enl Jan. 2, 1SG4 ; must, out Aug. 1, ISOo. 
Daniel Newcombe, eul. Dec. 31, 1S0.3; must, out Aug. 1, 1S«. 
Henry Peiersou, enl. Dec. 7, 1S«; died Sept. 10, 1S04. 
Isaiah Palmer, eul. Dec. 31, 150:3; died Aug. 1, 16W. 
Kobelt Polls, eul. Jan. 1, l.Sfi4; corp. Sept. 21, l.«W; must, out Aug. 1, 

186.5. 
BurrrsPlummer,corp.,eul.,ran.2,lS04; sergt.-maj. May lO.lSW; must. 

out June 9, 1S05. 
Daniel Robinson, eul. Dec. 31, l.v03; must, out Aug. 1, 1S0.5. 
George \V. Robinson, enl. Dec. 31, 1S03; must, out Aug. 1, l.SOo. 
Le<jnard L. Korey, enl. Jan. 2, 1664; must, out Aug. 1, U65. 
Samuel T. Strang, enl. Dec. 31, 1S03; disch. disability March 9, 1805. 
Theodore F. Strang, bugler, eul. Dec. 13, 1803 ; must, out Aug. 1, 1865. 
Daniel B. Seeds, enl. Dcc.31, IjOi; must, out Aug. 1, 1*65. 
■William E.Schuyler, Corp., enl. Dec. 5, 1*03; sergt. July 1, 1S05 ; must. 

out Aug. 1, 1S05. 
John Sharp, enl. Jan. 2, 18G4; must, out June 9, 1.S0.5. 
Jacob Spahr, sergt., eul. Dec. :il, 1»03; must, out Aug. 1, 1865. 
Aaron Schellenger, enl. Dec. IS, 1863; must, out Aug. 1, 1805. 
Isaac Swing, enl. Dec. 16, 1663; must, out Aug. 1, 1865. 
James Synrar, eul. Dec. 9, 1863; must, out Aug. 1, 1805. 
ShepparJ F. Stewart, sergt., enl. Dec. 14, 1803 ; must, out June 6, 1805. 
Azor E. Swinuey, sergt., eul. Dec. 15, 1803; killed in action Sept. 19, 

1804. 
TJ^eodore F. Sheppard, enl. Dec. 22, 1863; coip. June 25, l*t5; must, out 

Aug. 1, ISM. 
Lewis Schaible, sergt., enl. Dec. 22, 1803; must, out Aug. 1, ISC.J. 
John L.Smith, enl. Dec. 24, 1803; corp. June 25, I8i;5; must, out Aug. 1, 

1805. 
Michael Sligar, eul. Dec. 31, 18«; must, out Aug 1, 1865. 
John Trimble, enl. Dec. 22, li'li; must, out Aug. 1, 1865. 
Francis Treickle, eul. Dec. 31, ISi.^). 
Frederick Thresh, enl. Dec. 31, 1803; trans, t) Vet. Res. Corps April 24, 

1805; disch. Aug. 24, 1805. 
William Tullis, enl. .Tan. 1, 1864 ; must, out Aug. 1, 1805. 
■William Wesc'.tt, enl. Dec. 23, 186:). 

Isaiah Weeks, corp.. enl. Jan. 1, 18W ; killed iu action Sept. 10, 1804. 
Walker G. We-t, enl. Dec. 14, 1.863; must, out Aug. I, 1865. 
William A. Wright, enl. Dec. 31, 1803; must, out June 15, 1805. 
Charles S. Walb-n. Corp., enl. Feb. 5, 1804 ; Ist sergt. Oct. 2.5, 1804; 2d 

lleut. Aug. 4, 1805; must, out Aug.—, 1865. 



■enaut-Colonel, John S. Barlow; Major. 
la-iter, J. W. Kinney: Surgeon. Henry O. 
, M. Robinson and t. V. Hancock ; Adju- 



C'll AFTER XIX. 

CIVIL \VAR.^(ro,f,-„,„,/.) 

TIIIRTY-SEVKN'TII AND TIIIRTV-KIIIIIIH RKClMKyTS ASD 
liTlli:r. (>Ri:.\N'I'/.ATli'N8 

Thirty-seventh Regiment.— The Tliirty-sevemli, 
wbioli wa8 ;i huii'lrcil ihiy.*' rcL'^imoiu, was recruited 
in May and Juik' nt' ]^''ii. It wa~ iiui^tert-d into the 
service of tlie United St;ites on the l!:;d ot' the latter 
month, with the loUowing lield and ?tatt' officers : 

Colonel, E. BurJ Grnbb ; l.i, 
John Danforth ; Qnarte 
Chirk; Assistant Snrgeo 
tant, Parker Grubb. 

On the 2.Sth of June the regiment left Trenton, and 
on its arrival at Washington it was ordered to Eer- 
nuida Hundred. Thence it went to Spring Hill, near 
the Appomattox River, and on the 2StIi of August to 
the extreme front at Petersburg. On the 2oth of 
Se]iteinber it left for Trenton, where it was mustered 
out on the 1st of October, 1SG4. 

During most of its term of service the regiment 
was scattered in detacliments, and engaged in fatigue 
dutv. While working in trenches aud rille-pits five 
of its members were killed, and twenty-nine wounded. 
The personnel of the regiment was not up to the ordi- 
nary standard. Many of the men had passed the 
usual age of military service, and raanv others had 
not reached that age. They did their duty, however, 
like veterans, and on retiring from the service they 
were complimented in a general order for their effi- 
ciencv. The regiment was never in battle. 

THIUTT-SEVENTH EEGIME.VT. 

GL0UCK5TER COVSTV. 

Coitipanij D, 

Augustus Stewart. 

Company F. 



John Barker. 


George W. Hutchinson. 




\- 


George .M. Morris, 


Thomas Ivins. 




I 


Lemuel G. Peterson. 


Thomas J. Lacy. 






Harry D. Cramer. 


Charles Morris. 




\ 


George W. Davis. 


Harry Kobertson. 




\ \ 


Jolin H.Edwards. 


Clement E. Shaw. 






Gilbert G. Fowler. 


Richard Simpkins. 




fl 


Alvin Gaunt. 


Moses Tallnian. 




V 


Alfred Green. 


William Wilson. 




h 


CCMBF.RLiN 


n CoUNTT. 




N 


fomjjn 


:..-/ F. 




! 1 
ft 


Joseph T. Brown (sergt.). 


Wm. F, Drament (corp 


, died)- 




Theodore F, Buck isergl,,). 


Samuel Cillagher. 




H 


Israel L, Fish (sergt,). 


Lewis G.Milchell, 




f ! 


Isaac H. Brown is-rg^). 


John C, Nixon. 




i ! 


George Moore. 


William M, Ogdcn, 




J. Calvin McMahan icorp,;. 


Ephraim Parvin, 




i \ 


George W. JlcPlicrion (corp,). 


William Pogue. 




1 1 


William C- Wsslcolt (corp,!. 


John Randolph. 




! ■ 


Henry S, Lee (coni,). 


William E. Roberts. 




i ' 


J:.mea Uriglit (wagoner). 


Hosea P.. Robinson (die 


■d). 


\x 


Elbert P.radford, 


diaries Strang. 






Amos B, Black v.rid. 


Elmer C. Ware. 




\\ 


Robert J. I!uck, 






■\ 



Thirty-eighth Regiment.— Tliis regiment was 
raised in tiie =umiiar and autuinn of 1SG4; its organ- 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



95 



i^jtiiiii hoiiig' coniplotfd by tlie lotli of October. T!ie 
ln'Ki :"inri staffotlicers nf the regiment were: 



i-.lonel, William H. Sewoll; Lieutenant-Colonel. Ashhel W. .^ngpl ; 
>l,. r, NVilliam 11. Tantuni; A.ljutanl, Edwin G.Smitli ; giiarterm.iiter, 
l.-j.l \\ell5; Surgeon, Ricliarii Tlumi^is, Jr.; Assi-tant Sur^eiins, Israel 
Il.'t. William S. Combs; Chaplain. Charles R. Ilarlranrt. 

Oil Kaviiig the St:ite the regiment w:i<; .~ent. succes- 
vivelv, to City Point, Berimida Hundred, ;ind Fort 
r.i\vli;itt;in, on the J;tme> River, about fifteen miles 
lulow City Point. Here it remained till the sur- 
render of Lee, engaged in jirotecting a line of tele- 
gi:ijpli some forty miles in length, and kee]>ing open 
the river. Although it participated in no general en- 
■j.iL'ement, it frequently had skirmishes with parties 
of guerrillas. The duties of the regiment were faith- 
fully performed, and had it been called into actual 
combat it would doubtless have acquitted itself with 
honor. 

TeiRTY-EIGHTII REGIMENT. 

Gloccestee County. 

Coni}mnt/ C. 

• (Corp.). Joseph E. He, 



Joh 


n S. Turn 


Jos 


ph An.lrt 


Ii.n 


id Boioe. 


Cvr 


us W. IJu 


Da> 


i.l llunni 



lley. 



Benjamin B. Hughes. 

David Lewallen. 

John Morgan. 

William Kobertson. 
James Ciai^'. John J. Stewart icorp.). 

Elislia Clark. Joseph Surnin. 

Thomas Grealy. Joseph T. Turner. 

Benjamin Harris. Samuel Wolbert. 

Company D. 
itain, .Tacob D. Wilson; First Lieutenant, .lulin N. Cottrell; Se 
Lieutenants, Joseph T. Barnes, Edmund II. llendenhall. 






Edward H. Black. 
John Bond. 
Asa Bond. 
Robert W. Burkett. 
John R. Batten (corp.). 
Charles Brown. 
Robert Burt. 
John H. Brown. 
Charles L. Barnes. 
Samuel P. Barnes. 
John Carr. 
MaskiU Duboice. 
Benjamin C. Davis, Jr. 
John A. Ewing. 
Ezekiel English. 
John Eunis. 
William Givens. 
Benjamin Gill. 
Hugh Hines. 
Charles Huplet. 
Samuel D. Lock. 
Seth H. Leap. 



M"illiam B. Lloyd. 
Phineaa I'. Ledden. 
Joseph M. Mattson 
Terence McNulty. 
Josiah Pedrick. 
Samuel B. Piatt. 
Charles Pierson. 
William Ruchers. 
Samuel Richardson 
Charles W. Eice. 
Amos Sack. 
Charles Storms. 
John Swift. 
Martin H. Schuede 
Leonard Sparks. 
Patrick Toole. 
Charles E. Thumps^ 
John Toole. 
George Uron. 
George Walker. 
Samuel B. Ward. 
Foster S. Zanes. 



Company A. 
Charles E. Hetzell. 

Company (". 
William M. White. 

Company V. 
Alfred Jenkins. 



Willi, 



Capt\in, Henry , 
Second Liel 
John W. Wade (sergt.l. 
Francis G. Hawkins .sergt.) 
John W. Simmons (sergt.). 
Nicholas Griuer (sergt.l. 
John W. S. Cawmari iscrgt.; 
Jal.ez Scholes icorp.). 
Albert Baudi^Iph ^corp.'t. 
Jonathan B. Rose (Corp.). 
John N. Loper icorp.i. 
.losiah Garrison (corp.,. 
Itobert P. Ni.\on (co^p.^. 
Steplieu C. Abbot. 
Jonathan Brown. 
Joseph F. Biggs. 
Levi Baily. 
Byron L. Conway. 
Charles P. Cobb. 
Robert C.ii^on. 
Jesse E. Cassabooni. 
Philip W.Carter. 
Nathan S. Champion. 
Eudolph Edwards. 
William J. Frain. 
Alexander Fowler. 
Eli Garrison. 
Dayton L. V. Hess. 
Richmond Henry. 
George V. Hawkins. 
John W. Hover. 
Job Hiles. 
Alphonso A. Jones. 
George M. Keen. 
Franklin Murphine. 
John Murphine. 



sipi:ri..\\d Cor> 

Covip'iuy C. 
L- ; First Lieutea 



fks 



D. Jackson. 

Willi.am G. Madde 
George Y. Mason. 
Wesley S. 31; 
John 51atticks. 
Andrew L. Maincs 
Henry V. Madden 
Frank L. Mather. 
George W. Nabb. 



Hii 



1 L. Pettil 



Jacob L. Piatt 
Auios Peon. 
Gilbert G. Ricumor 
George Runkle. 
Thomas Keed. 
John Richards. 
Joseph G. Souder. 
Abraham Sawyer. 
John Scholes. 
Lewis S. Sockwell. 
John Simpkins. 
Charles E. Shaw. 
Israel Styles. 
Abden A. Shaw. 
Secly F. Sheppard. 
Gustave Shear. 
Godfrey Schear. 
Felix F. Turner. 
Ziugles Van Hook. 
David C. Vannen:at 
Luke W. Vannemai 
Richard Walker. 
Edward Walker. 
William Weldeu. 
John Wolf.nd. 



Company H. 
James Chambers. 

C'jmpaniJ K. 
William Hoftman. 

Volunteers in other organizations were as follows : 



GLOUCESTER COUNTY. 
Eighth RtoiiiEXT. 
Company F. 
William S. Bradford, enl. Aug. 9, 1S61; trans. 

Corp. Sept. 17, If CI; died Oct. 24, 1SC4, 
Charles Farley. 

Comp'iny G. 

Daniel T. Bendalow, eul. Aug.9, ISGl; trans. 

must, out July 17, 1S6.5. 
Heurj' Deats, enl. .\ug. 9, IStil ; tran 

Aug. 17, 1SC5, for wound, received 



from Co. I, 6th Eegt.; 



from Co. D, 6th Re, 



Albert G. Clark, Corp. 
Charles Wilkins. 



Co. D, 6th Regt.; disch. 
n before Petersburg. 



Coiv.jfany H. 



Charles .^ugustiu 


'^p 


William M.-Farla 


nd 


Michael Mulvain 





Jubj'ah S. Fiirney. 



COTlip 


ny A 








..i. 


Williar 


n Dof 


sou 


Compt 


r.yB. 










Jos( 


ph 


S. Di 


ffiel 


Compc 


ny h. 








Comp 


^,:y If 










H. 


nrj 


Smi 


h. 


Bcttery A. 








1, 1.SC+; 


rans. 


to 


Ban. 


D J 



96 



HISTORY OF GLOUCESTER, SALEM, AND CUMBERLAND COUNTIES. 



li-iUenj n. 
John Gil.Eon, enl. Dec. 20, IS03: Iniiis. t.> }!;itt. F. Keb. 2, IS64. 
Kolwrt ITaiiiiover, enl. Ili-c. 20, U^C:l; tmns. to Ilatt. E Feb. 2, ISGl. 

Billeri/ D. 
John Douglass, eiil. Pec. 29, ISlVi ; trane. fn.ni IliUt. B ; must, out June 

17, i>as. 
Isaac Teiliino, enl. Dec. 21, IfM; died March 3", ISM. 

SALE5I COUNTY. 
Fortieth Regiment. 
Company C. 
William Seyers. 

Conipajiy E, 



Charles S. Tice. 



Edward S. Davis. 



.\dam S. Rudolph. 



CU,1!BERL.\ND COl'STV. 
Eighth Regimfnt. 

CoTtipCtl!/ F. 

George \V. H.ill, eul. Aug. 9, ISIU ; trans, from Co. K, 6th Kegt. ; must. 

out Aug. 1, 1S63. 

Compayty O. 
Isaac T. Garten, sergt., enl. Aug. 9. ISul ; trans, as sergt. from Co. K, 

6th Regt.; must, out July 17, 1S65. 
Joseph W. Henderson, sergt., enl. Aug. 9, 1S61 ; trans, from Co. K, 6th 

Begt.; must, out July 17, lS6o. 
William II. Randolph, sergt., enl. Aug. 9, 1S61 ; trans, from Co. K, 6th 

Kegt.; mnst. out July 17, 1365. 

Eleventh Kegimext. 
Cfnnpany A, 
Thomas Law, enl. March 2.3, 1S64 ; trans, to Co. B. 

Company D. 
Francis Sweeny, enl. June 14, lS'>t ; trans, to Co. I, 12th Regt. 

Armstrong Powell, drafted Aug. 15, 1S04; trans, to Co. B, 12th Regt. 

Company K, 
William F. ilogliin, drafted Aug. 12, 18C1 ; trans, to Co. E. 

Focp.teenth Regiment (Gloucestes). 

Company C. 

Andrew 5kFarland, enl. Sept 16, 1S64 ; must, out June 1.1, 1865. 

FliTEENTU Regiment. 

Company H. 

Henry L. Seym.iure, enl. May 28, ISOI; died Not. 2, 1S64, of wounds 



;.l at Ol-f-qn 



Fori 



Company F. 



William Taylo 



Battery B. 
John Blizzard, enl. Jan. 2, 1SC4 ; nans, to liatt. E Feb. 2, 1864. 
James G. W. Craig, enl. Jan, 1, I>M ; tr.un. to Batt. E Feb. 2, 1SC4. 
Ephraiin B. Harris, enl. Jan. 1, 1804 ; trans, to Vet. Bes. Corps March 20, 

1865; di.-ch. July 21,1865. 
Joseph M. Henry, enl. Jan. 1, lSl>t ; trans, to Batt. E Feb. 2, 1.8M. 
Koli.jrt Levick, enl. Jan. 1, ISM ; trans, to Batt. E Feb. 2, 1,-(V!. 
Lemuel Loder, enl. Jan. 1, 1864 ; trans, to Batt. D Jan. 26, 1864. 

Battery I.'. 
Samuel Wood, enl. Feb. g, 1S'>4; must, out June 19, 16li5. 

Tlie followiiijr are the n.iine.s of men from Glouces- 
ter County who served during' tlie war in organiza- 
tions of Xew Jersey, of other States, and of the 
United States : 



Napby A, 
David !!i, 



Bun: 
I Slack. 



Willi; 
Ada 

Theodore Bnrkctt. 
Nicholas Beach. 
John Coy. 
Joseph C. Conover. 
George R, Cousins. 
Joseph J. Clement. 
Joseph L. Coles. 
Josiah Piifiiold. 
William Deal. 
Hiram Dullield. 
Frank J. Faucett. 
Miles Foley. 
Katban Fi.-Ier. 
Leonard Fisler. 
Aaron S. FInnaraan. 
Richard Finnaman. 
Alfred French. 
Benjamin W. Fowler. 
Miles Foley. 
William Giljson. 
David Grows. 
Henry Gilbert. 
John Green. 
John C. GilQin. 
Henry .S. Gorman. 
David Givens. 
Samuel 0. Hoidcraft. 
Davi.l Hunt. 
Thomas Unnter. 
Alfred Hushback. 
Thomas J. Hardin. 
Samuel Hewett. 



&ir 



el Hi 



.vood. 



Stacy W. Ila.'^Ieton. 
Martin P. Hornett. 
Frank H. Hughes. 
David Hutchinson. 
William J.imes. 
Ezekiel F. Jones. 
Aaron W. Knight. 
Charles H. Kaiu (2d lieut.). 
John Keeler. 
James Lee. 
John B. Lewis. 



Isaac S. Fry. 
Thomas Go.ifrey. 
Miller Jenkins. 
John Peacock. 
John H. Williams. 
lBa;ic Becket. 
William H. Brown. 
Williani Cy. 
Eli.-lia llulT. 
Williani Deal. . 
Edward Frisley. 
George W. Green. 
John II. Green. 



Jcieph W. Ling. 
Thomas Locke. 
Charles A. Lloyd. 
Williani H, Mathews 
George Jbihriiig. 
W iUiani H, SlrCullo 
John E. Malts. 
Peter .< Moiris. 
John A. Mather. 



He 



■ Jto 



Charles Mounce. 
James .Murphy. 
John Murphy. 
John Madara. 
Charles Pinnaman. 
John H. N.irris (2d li. 
James R.Ku.^sell. 
John H. Redtieia. 
Robert Raiusey. 
David Kicco. 
Charles D. Roy. 
Gnstave Schaffer. 
John S. Smith. 
Alfred B. Shnte. 



San 



el Sa 



Edward S. Stratton. 

Charles T. Stratton. 

-ibrain L. Sharp. 

Williani H. Sturgis. 

John S. Simnierman. 

Jonathan C. Stiles. 

John ^V. Sparks. 

Charles B. Scott. 

William C. Stokes (2d lieut.). 

Isaac V. Siiiipson. 

Alfred C. Titus. 

William Thompson. 

Isaac Tracy. 

Andrew M. Williams. 

Joseph C. Weatheiby, Jr. 



Tho 



i Wa 



Joseph C. Wallace. 
William H. Wallace 
John C. Wallace. 
Patrick Welsh. 
William J. Wiley. 
William While. 
Robert White. 
Moses N. White. 
Andrew Williams. 
Stephen Wilson. 
Benjamin F. Wilsou 



Gibson Johnson. 
Draper Jackson. 
William H. Johnso 
Thomas Lewis, 
Samuel I. iloore. 
James Munson. 
Samuel Moore. 
Samuel Price. 



ijeorge Ringold. 



Mo 



I Ke; 



Israel George. 
JohuR. Green 
Joshua Gibbs. 



John 11b 
William 



Jacob Rigby. 
William Kooinson. 
David Shocklcy. 
Sloses L. Selvy. 
John W. Shockley. 
James G. Sullivan. 
John A. Sullivan. 
William Steward. 
George H. Silas. 
Harrison Sliinner. 
Ee.nja 



Sulli 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



Willi Mil II. War 
Fninkliii \V. \Va 
John 11. Yoi.i.g. 



continued on duty durinpr seventeen days. Conijiany 
K, of Vinelaiid, became a part of this rejriinent 
March 14, 1S7G, and Company E, of Woodbury, 
JIarch 2:2, ISSU. 



Wilson n. Colvin. 
TlH.mivs F. Omipl.ell. 
i-.nTiio \y. M^liute. 
I .■nis M. Tucker, 
ueorjie W. Taylor. 
J„l,n Q. .t.l^.ms. 
\Vilh;\ui rit-rrj-. 

Josflih IVilld. 



Charles H. l.loyj. 
Gcirgc Lioyd. 
Jolm \V. Millor. 
William Muriison. 
Georgo II. .Miller. 
Samuel Jlurray. 
Je.le.liab Pierce. 
Harmica Pierce. 



Tlioinas Cr 
\Ve>l. V Do 



Ho 



L Pie; 



I til- 



uld. 



Hobort Gi 
J,«e|>li U. Graves. 
William Goldsboro: 
Jaoob P>. Johnson, 



Mark Pierce. 
Daniel G. RoS( 
Saninel Riley. 
John S. Willis 
John W. Wini 



CHAPTEi; XX. 

SIXTH r.EGIMENT. X.\TIOX.\L GU.\RD X. J. 

There were iu West New Jersey, in 1SG9, but two 
military companies connected with tlie State militia, 
one in the city of Burlington, and one in Camden. 

By an act of the Legislature approved iu March, 
1869, the old militia system of the State was abol- 
ished and a new law was passed, organizing the na- 
tional guard. 

By an order from headquarters the two companies 
mentioned were constituted the Fifth Battalion of the 
Third Brigade of the National Guard of the State of 
New Jersey, and E. J. Jackson was commissioned as 
major, and a.ssumed command of the battalion. Three 
additional companies were immediately formed and 
added to the organization, thus constituting it a full 
I'attaliou, and the following statT officers were ap- 
I'ointed: Adjutant, Solon E. Hankinson ; Paymaster, 
William Sexton : Quartermaster, Jacob Hill ; Sur- 
geon, H. Genet Taylor; Assistant Surgeon, J. Or- 
lando White ; and Chaplain, Kev. William H. Jef- 
lorys. Adjt. Hankinson resigned, and in January, 
1820, D. B. Murphy was commissioned first lieuten- 
ant and adjutant of the battalion. 

In August, 1S70, another company was organized 
at Atlantic City and added to the battalion, thus cre- 
ating a necessity for a regimental organization, and 
accordingly the Sixth Regiment was organized, and 
Col. James M. Scovel, Lieut. -Col. William H. Hem- 
sing, and Maj. Richard H. Lee were elected field 
officers. 

The commandants of the regiment since have been, 
Cul. William J. Sewell, elected 1873, and Col. E. Burd 
Gruhb, 1S77. The present field olficers, elected in 
1''82, are, Colonel, 'William H. Cooper; Lieutenant- 
Colonel, J. C. Lee; and Major, G. W. Smith. 

The regiment was called out in August, 1S77, to 
iupijrtss the labor riots at Philiipsburg, N. J., and 
7 



CHAPTER XXL 

RAILUO.\D.S IX SOrXHEKX XEW .lEll.-EY. 

The system of railroads tliat ramify through 
Southern Xew Jersey was not commenced till some 
years after railroads were in operation in many otlier 
parts of the country. This part of the State is not 
situated where the needs of travel or commerce re- 
quire the establishment of a great thoroughfare, and 
until experience had demonstrated the practicability 
of these roads for local business they were not likely 
to come into existence in a region like this. Of their 
effect in the development of the resources of this 
part of the State it is hardly necessary to speak. 

About the year 1S40 a railroad was built between 
Camden and Woodbury. The route was the same as 
that of the present railroad from Camden to North 
Woodbury crossing, thence in a direct line to the 
present brick grist-mill near the bridge in Woodbury, 
which, mill was erected f.r the depot of that road. 
The road was at first operated by steam, but after a 
time it became embarrassed financially, and came 
into the possession of Amos Campbell, who operated 
it by horse-power, till finally it ceased to be used. It 
was constructed in the jirimitive style of building 
railroad-i. with fiat iron on stringers for rails. 

The West Jersey Railroad Company was incor- 
porated by an act of the Legislature approved Feb. 
3, IS-'iS. This act authorized the construction of a rail- 
road from Camden, through the counties of Glouces- 
ter, Salem, Cumberland, and Cajie May, to a point 
at or near tlie city of Cape Lland. in tlie latter 
county. In 18-37 this road was put in operation h-e- 
tweeii Camden and Woodbury. It had then been 
built two or three years, but not operated. It was 
built mainly by the Camden and Amboy Railroad 
Company. 

The Millville and Glassboro Railroad Company 
was incor[)orated by an act apjiroved March 'J, 18-37. 
The route prescribed was " from the village of Mill- 
ville, in Cumberland County, t<) such a point at or 
near to the village of Glassboro, in the county of 
Gloucester, as may be deemed convenient." This 
■ road was at once constructed and put in operation 
between its termini, a distance of twenty-two miles. 
From Glassboro to Woodbury passengers were taken 
in coaches. To obviate this inconvenience the West 
.Jersey road was extended to G!-i-;-,boro. 

The principal stockholder in the Millville and 
Glassboro road wrs Richard D. Wood, and it was 
said that connection was established between the 
two roails sooner than would otherwise liave been 



98 



HISTORY OF GLOUCESTER, SALEM. AND CUMBERLAND COUNTIES. 



because of the well-srroiindod apprehension th.it he 
would extend liis ro:id to Ued Haiilc. and thus estab- 
lish comuuinication with Philadelphia liv that route. 
The extension of the West Jersey road was at the 
same time continued to Bridiieton. 

The Salem Railroad was eon>i meted from Ehuer 
to Salem, a distance of sixteen miles, soon after the 
extension of the West Jersey road to Bridgeton. The 
route prescribed in the charter, which was passed in 
1S5G, was " from a point in the town of Salem, or 
within one mile thereof, to any point on the West 
Jersey Railroad, at Woodbury or south thereof, 
which the directors may deem most eligible." The 
limit of time for the completion of the roari was seven 
years from the 4th of July, 1S56 ; but by a supjile- 
ment, approved Feb. 17, lSi!5, this time was extended 
to June 4, 1870. 

The Cape May and Millville Railroad Com- 
pany was incorporated by an act approved March 
9, 1863. This act superseded the supplement to the 
charter of the Millville and Glassboro Railroad Com- 
pany, which authorized that company to extend their 
road to any point on or near Cajie Inland. The sep- 
arate charter was requested by the Millville and 
Glassboro Company. The termini named were Mill- 
ville and Cape Island, and all the lands, rights of way, 
and privileges acquired by the Millville and Glassboro 
Company were conveyed and assigned to the new 
corporation. In all these charters the [lower was re- 
served to the Slate of having an apiiraisement made 
of the property belonging to tlie companies, after 
periods varying from thirty to tifty years from the 
date of the charter, and becoming the owner of such 
roads and property b\' the payment to the companies 
of the amount of the appraisement in eacli case. 

An act was passed in ISiiS, the preamble of whieh 
set forth that 

" Whereas, the We.5t Jersey Railroad cuniiects directly with the llill- 
Tille and Glaisboru Kailroad, auJ, by means of the latter, %vith tlie Cape 
Slay and Jlillvillo llailro.i.l, and also connecia directly with the Salem 
Railruad, forming allugetlier one entire system of railroads, whicli can 
be operated with greater economy nnder one nianagfinent, and wiiercas 
the West Jersey Railroad Company and tlje Millville and Glasshoro 
Railroad Company have entered into an agreement, bearing date the 
twelfth day of October, in the year eighteen hundred and sixty-seven, 
proTiding, among otlier tilings, for a cons^didation of tlie two coniiia- 
nies, so that all their corporate powers anrl franchises shall be merged 
into, and all their corporate property shall be owned by, the West Jersey 
Railroad Company." 

It was enacted that the agreement should be vali- 
dated and confirmed, and tlie company was author- 
ized to lease and operate the Cape May and Millville 
Railroad, and the Salem Railroad, or either of them. 

The " Act to authorize the formation of railroad 
corporations and regulate the same" was approved 
April 11, 1873, and railroads in Southern New Jersey 
have since been l)uilt under the iirovisions of that 
act. 

The Swedesboro Railroad, between \Voodbury 
and Swedesboro, was built ( ISOO) at a cost of two hun- 
dred and seventy thousand dollars, and was at once 



leaseil by the West Jersey Railroad Company. An 
extension of this road to Woodstown and Salem wa.s 
completed in 18S3. 

Tlie Delaware River Railroad, between Wood- 
bury and Pen ii'sC rove, went into operation about 1874. 
It was first called the Delaware Shore Railroad. It 
became embarrassed financially, and passed into the 
hands of a receiver, and was finally purchased by 
Thomas L. Ogden. After his death, in ISSO, it be- 
came the property of the Dupont Pi)wder Company, 
by which it is operated. 

The New Jersey Sotithern Railroad was chartered 
in 1S67, and comjileted to Vineland in 1872. It ex- 
tends from Bay Side, on the Delaware River, across 
Cumberland County, through Bridgeton and Vine- 
land, and northward to New York City. It has re- 
cently passed under the control of the Reading Rail- 
roail Cmnpany. 

The Cumberland and Maurice River Railroad 
was lirst the Bridgeton and Port Norris Railroad, and 
was chartered by an act of the Legislature, in 1860. 
Its termini were indicated in its original title. It was 
completed about 1875. and was afterward sold under 
foreclosure of a mortgage, and was reorganized under 
its present name. The transportation of oysters over 
this road constitutes the largest item in its business. 
From eiixiu to fifteen car-loads are carried over it daily. 

The West Jersey and Atlantic City Railroad, 
from Xewfield, on the ^Millville and Glassboro Road, 
to Atlantic City, was put in operation in 1881. All 
these, except the Delaware River, the Southern New 
Jersey, and the Cumberland aud Maurice River Rail- 
roads, have come to be controlled and operated by the 
Pennsylvania Railroad Company, and under the ex- 
cellent management of this, as well as of the Reading 
company, the wants of the public are consulted and 
supplied. 



CHAPTER XXII. 

IIEOLOGY OF SOUTIIERX XKW .TERSEY.i 

In the study of the geology of Southern New Jer- 
sey it is thought best to lay down some of the prin- 
ciples of the science that the general reader may 
understand the statements made, and also to satisfy 
him that the assertions are made from what is believed 
to be the latest scientific explanation of the formation 
of our planet. 

The weight of evidence is in favor of the theory 
that there was a time in the early history of our gl()be 
when its constituents were in a gaseous state in space, 
and were kept so by being at a high temjjerature, — 
sUp]iosed to be 2<iOO' Cent. That at this time the 
cooling process began. " Proles.-or Helmholtz has cal- 
culated, from the rtite of cooling of lava.s, that the 



1 By J. Down Heritage, M.D. 



GENERAL IlIf^TORY. 



9'j 



.•arth, in passing from 2000° {700° Falir.) to 200° Cent. 
(7C°) must luive taken three hii/tihcd and riffi/ niit- 
lions of years." (Dana's Manual of Geoloiry, p. ]47.) 
■' I!ut the temperature wlien the Arcluran, or first 
iicriodofthe world's liistory, emleil was pro'oably not 
over 3S° Cent. (100^ F.), to reach whirli many scores 
of millions of years must have been passed." 

This cooling process was carried on until the various 
elements of the globe, tiirough chemical agency, erys- 
t:dlized into a crust on the surface and tlie various 
rocks were formed, while the internal molten condition 
of tlie globe was kept up, and through the agency of 
the internal heat from gaseous exjiansion the various 
elevations of the earth's surface were brought about, 
and volcanoes were formed as outlets or vents for the 
]ient-up fires in the centre of the earth. 

In the cretaceous period the region of a large part 
of the Eocky Mountains, and of the Atlantic, Gulf, 
and Pacific borders of the continent, were beneath the 
sea, but mostly near its surface; the marine life of 
the sea contributed to the forming of cretaceous beds. 
\ow, the marine beds, filled with cretaceous fossils, 
are at a height of ten to eleven thousand feet in the 
Rocky Mountain region, at a maximum height on the 
Pacific border of only five thousand feet, in Alabama 
of seven to eight hundred feet, and in Xcw Jersey not 
over four hundred feet. (Dana's Manual of Geoloirv, 
p. 783.) 

Through a succession of ages, the length of which 
it is impossible to conjecture, the surface of the globe 
was cooled, until, from the inclination of the axis of 
the globe to the sun or other causes, there became 
what is denominated a glacial period, or one of intense 
cold. . 

These successive ages are the periods of geological 
time. They are given by Dana as follows : 
I. Akch.^^.ix Tl.ME : 

1, The Azoic age. 

2. Eozoic, — a long period without life, except 

in the last of the period there appears 
algie, or sea-weed. 
II. Paleozoic Time; 

1. Age of invertebrates. 

2. Age of fishes. 

3. Age of coal plants. 

III. Mesozoic Time: 

Age of reptiles. 

IV. Cexozoic Time : 

1. Age of mammals, tertiary. 

2. Age of man, quaternary. 

The geological foiniation of .Soutliern Xew Jersey 
is of the cretaceous and tertiary i'uniiation of the 
Ocnozoic age, or most recent in tlie world's history. 

We will now return to the glacial period, at 
which time, in the history of Southern New Jersey, 
the mouth of the Delaware River was at Trenton; 
at that time the weight of evidence goes to prove 
that tlie upper portion of the Slate, or Northerii Xew 
Jersey, also New York, and the X'ew England States. 



were in a condition of eternal frost, and glaciers oc- 
cupied much, of the territory. It is conjectured by 
scientists to have been elevated since that aje. The 
coast-line of Xew .Tt-isey was then fmm liaritan Ray, 
near Xew York City, across tlie St.ite to Trenton, 
and thence down the east slioie of the Delaware 
Riv-er to IViin's Gmve on tlie .Ter^ey shore. The 
line of coast from Trenton across the State to Raritan 
Bay is marked by a line of hills conijuised of what 
is known as "drift," being the gravel. bouUlcis, and 
other indestructible debris of the glaciers at that time 
occupying the nortiiern part of the State. 

Tlie evidences of gUicial action are found to a 
limited extent In our State, but are very marked in 
the more indestructible rocks in the X'ew England 
States and New York, where are found smootii 
grooves cut and polished in the granite walls of the 
mountains ; all these scratches having one general 
direction, being southward to southeastward in Xew 
England; southwestward in \Vestern New York (see 
Dana's Manual of Geology, page 531), as follows : 

"TABLE OF DILUVIAL SCKATrllES OX iWH TKAP-KOCKS. 

I,oc;ilili.'3. Dirfction. 

r..li.-ucle 51t., ne.ir -ui;>r It, . -t f 1-,^Vm,.u1 S. 4(i^ E. 

■' S. t;. • I . . ■ ■ ' I- 'ir Aveuiie S. 35° E. 

" s. i: i I ■• s. .'0° E. 

" roiidl.l.'' . 1. ,1 I.' ■• .:■ M-it Lee Statijii S. :ill^~ E. 

" ij.MrGuoiii.lu..- Bri-u.-.v S.20°E. 

" t..pof t.hid iijrtli of Fort Lee S. a)= E. 

" K.«k ,.%>!■ Ilcr-eli Tiuiiiel S. i»P E. 

Bergen Neck, shore of Se« ui k Bay S. \V. 

Smitliwest of Pittorson, south l.aiik jf"ji"u"rri's'Oi'nal.'.'.'.'.".'.'.'.'.'.''. s'. 70= W. 

liist Jlouiitiiii, west slope, snu'.li of P^uersoii S. 7o° E. 

•' uenr the Xolcii S. 7.'.° E. 

neiir I.lewellen I'aik S. 50^ W.? 

West of PntcrsoD, on the roail to Little Falls, suiiti; bnuk of 

P«s..nic S.OO°W. 

Secoiiri Mt , west slope, iie;ir the line Letweeo Piissaic and 

E^'^ex Couuti. s S. -10= E. 

Seconil Mt., we.-(I slope, north of Mt. Pleas.int turnpike S. >S'. 

" Jit. Pleas^iiit turnpike... S. W. 

U.ilfmile east of PoMipton Furnace, north of the Paterson 

roiid S.U'W. 

Near the site of old fiirnare, Pompton Furnace S. Iip^W. 

Hook Mouutain, roa.l cro.i-ini; lo Be^.vertown S. 25°W. 

near Deav.-rlown S 4i'OW. 

" " BOUlliofthe peal-works S. Cu'^ W. 

west slope S 65°W-. 

" nearsoulh end of the mountain.... S.5.5°W." 
—(Cook's Geology of Xew Jersey, page \iiA.) 

Oiher evidence is tliat of immense boulders along 
this coast-line, weighing hundreds of tons of rock, 
which has no representation in our State. In some 
instances it is possible to conjecture fairly, accurately, 
the mountain from which this boulder was torn 
farther to the north, and masses of native co])per 
occur in the drift of Connecticut and New Jersey 
that were taken from veins nearly north of the places 
wdiere they occur. (Dana's Manual, page 529.) 

The whole of Soutliern New Jersey was at that 
time undoubtedly under water, and from this coast- 
line — from Trenton to Raritan Bay — the descent into 
the Atlantic was probably much more abrupt than at 
present, as "otf the coast of New Jersey for a distance 
of eiarhty miles there is a depth of only six hundred 
feet at the present time, and Irom this line the ocean 
liasin dips olf at a steep angle" (Dana's Manual, page 
11 ) ; whereas the dii) — inclination or descent— of the 
vaiious strata of clay, marls, etc., underlying the 



100 



HISTORY OF GLOUCESTER, SALEM, AND CUMBERLAND COUNTIES. 



southern part of the Stiite, is about thirty feet to the 
mile, southeasterly direetion. (Prolesscir Cook's Geol- 
ogy of New Jersey, page 2i'\] From this statement 
the ocean-floor at the time <if tlie eommencemeiit of 
the deposit of ehty upon it ai !\_'Lr Harbor Bay (whiili 
lies at nearly right anules to Trenton to the drift 
across the State) would be one thousand six liundred 
and eighty feet. Therefore the dip or descent was 
nearly three times as great then as in the present de- 
scent of the ocean-tlooroir the Jersey coast for eighty 
miles. Upon this oeean-tioor was spread through the 
ages a dep>osit or stratum (like a huge blanket) of 
plastic clay varying in thickness or depth at diti'erent 
places, but estimated by Professor Cook to be two 
hundred and ten feet in thickness (Geology of New 
Jersey, page 246), and is believed to have been 
formed from disintegration of gneiss rock. 

The outcrop of this clay-bed, two hundred and 
ten feet thick, is found on the ^hore of Raritan Bay, 
a little south of Cheesequakes Creek (of Congressional 
fame), crossing the State and outcropping at various 
places until it nearly reaches the Dulaware River at 
Bordentown. It follows about a mile east of the 
river, and reaches its bank at Gloucester City, coming 
to the surface at various places, — Woodbury Creek, 
a mile from its mouth, Mantua Creek, near Pauls- 
boro. Raccoon Creek, a mile above Bridgeport, thence 
iu the same direction to the Delaware, near Penn's 
Grove. (Cook.) 

These clays are known as lire-clay, jiotter's-clay, 
and lignite, and are a source of much commercial 
value for purposes of manufacture where such crude 
materials are to be used for any purpose. This stratum 
of clay undoubtedly underlies the whole of Southern 
New Jersey, though it is probable its greatest thick- 
ness was along the original coast-line. 

The organic remains found in this clay are those of 
the fresh-water mussel and some other fresh-water 
shells, trunks and branches of trees, in one place 
twenty-five feet in thickness, and a stratum of " four 
feet of clayey sand containing leaf ijnpressions ; and 
from the leaves found, from the bark, and from the 
rings of annual growth, the evidence is conclusive 
that the age of broad-leaved plants was then begun." 
(Cook.) 

We have now laid the foundation, or shown how- 
nature has done it, of the southern part of the State, 
and before proceeding to explain the deposit of the 
remaining strata will state that undoubtedly through 
the ages, at uncertain periods of time, there has been 
a gradual elevation of the surface of the globe in this 
particular locality, and during the Champlain period 
there was unquestionably an elevation from ^ome 
cause — probably those mentioned as usually causing 
such phenomena, — the internal heat of the globe and 
gaseous expansion resulting therefrom — of Southern 
New Jersey. 

This hypothesis being correct, tlien commenced the 
deposit of clay, nearly twci hundred and seventy -seven 



feet in thickness. Our theory of upheaval of tin- 
earth's surl'ace being correct (and we have shown from 
the highest authority that there are evidences of marine 
life in mountains fifteen thousand feet high), 't is safe 
to conjecture that at this period of the world's his- 
tory a more rapid process of elevation began in 
Southern New Jtricy ; be.-ides, other climatic and dis- 
integrating changes took place, — changes of direction 
of the Gulf Stream, — which deposited on the ocean- 
floor this deposit of clay marl two hundred and sev- 
enty-seven feet in thickness, the outcrop of which is 
shown between Raritan and Sandy Hook Bays on the 
northeast, following the southeast line of the outcroji 
of the plastic clays to ISordentown, on the Delaware. 
and thence in a nearly direct line down the east shore 
of the Delaware River to a point near and below 
Penn's Grove. 

When these clay marls are cxjiosed they show 
crusts of a reddish material ; below th.e surface it i^ 
dark-colored clay mixed with grains of green sand. 

This formation is dug for fertilizing purposes at 
various points, but is not of sufficiently rich material 
to make it a valuable acquisition to the farmer except 
it is of very convenient access. 

Shells are found in this formation, but not in such 
quantities as are seen in the marl-beds. 

The gradual upheaval of the iState continuing, there 
was another deposit, known as the lower marl-bed, 
thirty feet iu thickness; red sand, one hundred feet : 
middle marl-bed, forty-five feet: yellow sand, forty- 
three; upper marl-bed, thirty-seven feet. The total 
thickness of the foregoing deposit since the glacial 
period bciugseven hundred and forty-two feet. (Cook.) 

The plan followed by Professor Cook, the State 
geologist, has been to give a chapter (v.) on ''Marl- 
Beds,"' which we will quote : 

''The series of strata comprised under thi; name 
include those beds of green sand which have obtained 
so high a reputation, under the name of marl. The 
district in which they have their outcrop is widely 
known as the marl region, and occupies a strip of 
countj-y from six to filteen miles 'ivide, and stretches 
from the ocean below Sandv Hook to Salem on the 



Delaware. The 



over this district is more or less 



sandy, remarkably free from stones and boulders'' 
(though there are scattered through the district quar- 
ries of a conglomerate stone, which is evidently of 
recent formation, and is used for building purposes), 
''and in most parts in a high state of cultivation and 
very productive. When exposed in natural or artifi- 
cial sections several well-marked beds aud layers can 
be characterized. 

"These scverid beds having a strike of south 5-'>" 
west and a dip to the southeast of twenty to thirty- 
throe per mile, having their outcroppings in the order 
of their occi2rrence ; that which is lowest appearing 
farther to tlie northwest, and that which is higher in 
the series fiirther to the southeast. A line marked 
' Register line,' knosvn as the 'strike,' is drawn across 



GENKKAL IlIt::TOi;Y. 



101 



(lie Suilo. nliicli shows ;ill inirts nf the lower iii.irl- 
i.eii, which outcrop at tlie level of tiile-w:iter. This 
line touches tlie lower iii:ul-lieil :it tiile-wMter on 
S.uuly lliiok B.iy, opposite Keel Hank, near the mouth 
■ it" Hop Creek, at Mount Holly, Clement's Bridcre. 
Mantua, and ahove Seulltown, at JIarshallville, t-aleiu 
Ciiiinty, and St. Georsre's, Delaware. The distance 
from .'^1. Georsre's to Sandy Hook Bay is one hundred 
and six miles, and findinsr ihi' marl at intermediate 
points on the same level, and in the same line, proves 
that there is no important change of direction in the 
strike for the whole distance. The true bearing of 
this line is south 55° west. It is evident from an in- 
spection of the map that the belt of country in which 
tliis formation lies narrows towards the southwest, 
and the strike of the white clay as taken at tide-water 
between Bordentown and Cheeseiiuakes is south 52' 
west, and that of the middle marl-bed, between Par- 
ker's Creek, near Eatontown, and Salem, is south 55° 
west. Many verifications of these bearings have been 
made upon shorter lines, and they have been uniformly 
found to agree. Those parts of the various outcrop- 
pings which are thirty feet above tide appear a liiile 
northwest of this ' Register line.' Those which are 
sixty feet above, two miles nortiiwest, and so on." 

In an article of this length it is impossible to go 
minutely into the chemical composition of these 
various strata, which through the ages have at each 
upheaval of South Jersey been spread upon the ocean- 
floor, but I think the following table, as compiled by 
Professor Cook, will be sufficient for the purpose of 
tlie general reader: 

I 

" Divisions. Subdivisions. I 

, Fire-clavs. ' 

P'"'"'^ <='">■ } P.jtter's clay. i 

Uignite. j 

Clay marls f Clayey grt.-n sand. 

t Laminated sauds. . 

/Sand ninrl. 

Lower marl-Led J n,„^ ^^j^„ ^^^, : 

(.Marl and clay. j 

/Dark niicaceouB clay. 

R«i sand J Red sand. | 

vindur.tted green earth. I 

IClioculate marl. j 

Green marl. ; 

Shell layers. 1 

Yellow limestone and limesand. 

Vellowsand Yellow sand. 

/Green marl. 
1 Pl.er marl-bed J Ash n,arl. j 

l-Bluemarl. | 

'"The above is a table of the divisions of the creta- 
ceous formation in the order of their occurrence, be- 
ginning with the lowest." 

U'e have now gone over the geological formation of 
Southern Xew Jersey in a very brief manner in cojise- 
qnence of being limited in amount of space. It onlv 
reitiains to say that ivhcrever these outcroppings of 
clay occur it may be used in the manufacture of brick, 
pottery, etc., and therefore has ;i commercial value. 
In the outcrop of the marl it is very extensively used i 



as a fertilizer, and along the line through the State 
exten-ive operations are carried on in diL'ging and 
furnishing it fir local ii-e and sending it to distant 
States. There are many localities which owe their 
prosperity and fertility almost entirely to marl. 

The surface formation of this part of the State is 
such .as would naturally occur as the water of the 
ocean was draining away, there being a water-shed 
which drains towards the Atlantic Ocean and another 
in which the streams run into the Delaware River, 
and there being no rocky formation, the beds of 
streams in both instances having undoubtedly been 
formed where least resistance was found to the pas- 
sage of water. The southern banks of streams usually 
presenting blutTs of larger or smaller magnitude, 
while the northern banks usually slope much more 
gentlv down to the water's edge. 



C H A P T E R XXIII. 

METEOROLOGY OF SOUTH ERX NEW JERSEY.' 

: This is a subject which, directlv or indirectlv, in- 
I terests all classes. Commerce, agriculture, and sani- 
tary science especially are largely benefited by every 
advance in the science of meteorology. 
; In considering the elements of Xew Jersey weather 
j it is not atmospheric phenomena alone that require 
! attention, but the ocean and bay, on the east and 
■ south, furnish important data. 

While prosecuting the coast survey investigations, 
I Lieut. Bache discovered that the great Gulf Stream, 
i in performing its sinuous journey northward and east- 
' ward, often makes :i ileilection of thirty to one hun- 
dred miles to the westward, and thus our Jersey 
' shores, with our extensive hummocks and vast inland 
; plateaus, receive the warmth which the southern 
j breezes carry from this immense reservoir of the 
i sun's treasured-up forces. 

I By reason of the proximity of South .Jersey to the 
I bay and ocean, witli its favoring winds, the warmth 
j of the ocean current, the wonderful sanitary condi- 
' tions of its climate, this whole region is much more 
, favorably situated for agriculture and fruit growing 
: than any similar amount of territory in the interior 
of the country in same latitude. 

The water, by virtue of its inherent properties, 
modifies both extremes of temperature, making the 
summer less fervid and the winter less rigorous than 
continental regions in the same latitude, as may be 
seen from the following illustration which physical 
science affords: Different substances, subjected to 
the same degree of heat, do not atta.in the same tem- 
perature. Their ditTcring capacities for becoming 
heated are called their sperijic heat. 



' By J. Int-r 



, M.D, vine-land. 



102 



HISTORY OF Gl-OrCKSTKK, SALKM, AND CL'MliKrJ.VXn COUXTIKS. 



Comparina: cqiial woijrhts of water and air togetlicr, 
the specific licat of water i'* four times as prreat as air, 
and hence an ounce of water I'isirnj one degree of 
beat would raise four ounces of air one dcsrrec; but 
as water is about 814 times heavier than air, an ounce 
of water losing one degree of lieat would raise 
S14 X -1 = 32")ij ounces of air one degree. Consider. 
then, the inlluenee that the constantly recurring 
thousands and iiiillions of tons of water must e.xert 
on tlie atmnsohere of our climate, as it wends its way 
north and east or west, laden with the untold millions 
of degrees of heat that the sun is and has for cen- 
turies unnumliered been pouring into the tropical 
ocean. 

This shows the immense advantage that this locality 
possesses over interior districts remote from the genial 
and equalizing inllueuces of ocean and bay. 

J. S. Lippiiicott, of Iladdonfield, X. .J., has pointed 
out in a masterly manner the great benefits to fruit 
culture arising iVom proximity to lakes and other 
bodies of water, as Kelly's Island in Lake Erie in the 
growth and perfection of the grajie, the advantages 
of Seueca, Cayuga. Champlain, and other lakes on 
grapes and crops in geueral, by their storing up great 
quantities of the sun's heat in summer, and slowly 
parting with the same in winter, thus modifying the 
rigors of winter, and preserving vegetation that would 
otherwise yield to chilling blasts and frosts. 

The conditions thus specified tend largely to com- 
pensate for any protracted drought to which the region 
may be subjected, and also to explain why the soil 
responds so promptly and satisfactorily to the hoe and 
cultivator of the farmer. The loose, calcareous soil 
absorbs with wonderful avidity the moisture which 
the atmosphere brings from the ocean, and thu? ac- 
quires what other regions only obtain I'rom frequent 
and heavy rains. The experienced farmer well knows 
that the untilled field is very unproductive, becau.-e 
the surface soil becomes baked by the sun, and is thus 
made incapable of absorbing the moisture that is so 
bountifullysupplied from the adjacent oceau and bay. 

The elements of the climatic conditions will next 
demand attention. Under this head we will consider 
the subjects of wind, rain, frost, snow, etc. And while 
we cannot minutely specify the exact details of each 
section of the area under consideration, yet we can 
give the outlines of such commanding points as will 
satisfy all inquiring minds of the general drift of tlie 
■weather jjhenomena of South Jersey. 

A line from Philadel|jhia to Cape May is the eastern 
boundary, while the Delaware Bay and River consti- 
tute the limits of the territory on the south, west, and 
north. Geographically tlje northern and southern 
points are one degree of latitude apart, while the ex- 
treme width is about half a degree of longitude, or 
from Cedar Lake Station, on the New Jersey Southern 
Railroad, to Penn's Xcck, on the Delaware River. 

Philadeljihia being a well-known point, and its 
weather observations recognized everyv, here, and be- 



cause of its close proximity to the territory under 
consideration, it is deemed advisable to use its record-;. 
Care has been taken to take averages of long seri(« 
of years where jiossible. 

The first topic we shall con-ider is that of wind. 
The observations were recorded three times daily, and 
are unquestiuuabiy reliable. 

X. N. K. E. S. }). S. S. W. W. N. W. 

IMiiln.lplpliia ir, imj ;,0 .V2 lil ■:47 271 2i> 

Vi!i.-l:iii,l -Jl l.-.i; 12 ISO -III 3-J3 63 -SlK 

ru[,.. May 110 -0 so 147 Jio 7-2 111 235 

These records show the variability of the .air cur- 
rents in the territory named. Philadelphia is marked 
by soutbwe-t, west, and northwest winds, and hence 
the drying nature of the air as well as the general 
healthfulness of the city and vicinity. Vineland 
presents the remarkable feature of a large percentage 
of northeast, southeast, and south winds, or wdiat may 
be termed sea breezes, as they all come from quarters 
partaking of that element, and hence they bring a 
hygrometric atmosphere that largely compensates for 
any lack of rain in the growing season. 

One marked feature of the Cape May v.-inds is that 
the aggregate of northeast, east, southeast, and south 
winds blowing otf the ocean constitute more than all 
the other winds, and thus carry inland the warm 
vajiors of the Gulf Stream, wliicli modify the climatic 
conditions of all South Jersey, Delaware, and the 
adjacent territory. 

That it is a fact that easterly and southerly winds 
do add largely to the hygrometric conditions of tlii> 
region, is shown from the circumstance of the large 
proportion of rain coming from those directions. 

The citation of one year may be taken as a type of 
all others on this point. During 1870, at Vineland, 
the amount of rain was 49.343 inches, and of this 
amount the northeast brought 14.271 inches, east 
2.S62 inches, southeast Id. 81 inches, south 1.975 
inches, southwest 11.025 inches, northwest 2.4 inches. 
This shows that northeast, east, southeast, and south 
winds brought eleven-sixteenths of the whole, leav- 
ing only five-sixteenths for all other points. This 
shows wdiicli are the moist and which are the dry 
winds, and the reasons for this distinction are so ob- 
vious as not to require stating. 

The next topic requiring attention is that of the 
tem[>erature of South Jersey. A general- view of this 
matter may be obtained from the following table, 
wdiich takes iu the northern, middle, and southern 
regions of the area named : 



.Atilu 



^Vi^ter Ye 



Max 



51i 



32 07 


52.08 


.33.0!) 


52. M 


32.44 


52 42 


3.3.30 


1 53.80 


32.70 


53.70 



By the above tables it appears that during the 
spring and autumn months at Greenwich, on the 



GENKKAL IIISTOnV. 



lOS 



[)cl:nv:ire, and Cape May, on the oecan, tlie teni|KTa- 
Uirc i- lii.i^lier than it is at either IMiihi'lelpliia, Xew- 
iK'Ki, or ^'i■HlaIld, anil tlie lea-i.in lor llii> is to be 
fdifi'I liv tl:e relative location ut' tlie -everal ].laees, 
tl.i- two forniei' Iteing on or nearer the water than the 
laller. 

A I-', that tlie temperature diirinp: the siinmier 
iiejnlh> at I'hiladelphia, Newiiehl, and Vineland is 
hi-'her than at Greenwich or Cape May, and the rea- 
son I'lr this is to be sought for in the relative po-iii'in 
of the several places as to nearness or remoteness 
from water as before stated. The w'ater takes in and 
liokls the beat in summer and gives off the same 
slowly but continuously in winter, heiiee water is the 
great climatic equalizer. 

I have no data for !a!c and nirli/ frosts outside of 
Vineland, but give the following for it, and this may 
appro.Kimate the interior of the area named in a like 
way as showing the cycle of vegetation tor South 
Jersey : 



C4 



1S6G ! April 10 i October 24 i ITSi 

1SG7 1 " 20 ' " 1 : 104^ 

Isf.S ! " 24 : " IS ' 177] 

1S09 iMarcli24 " 21 | 211.1 

1.S70 ' April 20 "19 1S2' 

1671 1 " 24 , " 21 : ISilj 

1872 1 " 17 " 12 j 178 

187:l " 27 " 29 | ISol 

1874 ! " 30 ■ " 1.5 1 109' 

187.5 ; " 18 i " 13 I 17S' 

1S7G I •' 19 : " 12 I 170, 

1.^77 " 3 I " 29 ; 203i 

1S7S 3Iarcb26 " 29:218' 

1879 1 April 3 " 26 ! 217 

18S!1 1 " 9 " 19 , ISlI 

ISSl I " 6 " fi ' 1831 

J : j 

Averages...! i 187 

I ' ! 



This table enables any farmer to form a judgment 
as to when he may sow or plant certain crops with 
safety in this whole reiriou so ;ls to escape frost. It 
likewise shows the cycle of vegetable life from frost 
to frost. Also the number of frosty and rainy days, 
tiie amount of snow and rain in tlie year, or an ap- 
pro.ximation thereto. 

The average indications by the psychrometer is 77 
jier cent, of nioi.sture. The barometer is an instru- 
ment of importauce in this region as showing the 
fluctuations preceding, accompanying, and following 
storms, but to tabulate its indications to any great 
e.\tent would occupy too much space with tigures that 
most readers would regard as more dry than edifying. 
A few special maxima and minima may be given to 
.show the range to which it sometimes reaches in this 
region. In February, 1S7G, it reached an elevation 
of 30.9.32, and in December, 1874, it was 30.784. A 
few of the lowest points reached by it are a.s follows : 
28.G-56 and 28.820 ; thus showing a range of over two 



inches, as follows: 30.932 — 2S.tl5tj = 2.276. The 
average of this instrument for seventeen years is 
29.940, at an elevation of one hundred and live feet 
above tide levi-l. 'I'lie bnri>nieler is an element of un- 
t'lld value to tlie weather observer, and without its 
indication^ the Signal Service would be like the mari- 
ner without tlie ehronometer in tiniling his louLiitude. 
To make it ot practical value, however, it must be 
observed and studied for years, and that .'d)/ iT'o/^t', but 
in eoinuetion with wind-, with .-easons of ilie year, 
with tlie hour of the day, etc., and all its fluctuations 
must be carefully noted, and the broadest generaliza- 
tions known to science will reward the conscientious 
and painstaking student. 

Much has been said about the protr.ieted dry 
weather to wliich tins region of ccuiury is liablci 
but the observations made hcretol'ore on the atmos- 
pheric supply of moisture here show that drouths can 
be as well borne here as in any equal area in the 
United States without serious injury to crops. 

The following table will give an idea of the fre- 
quency and duration of these dry periods during the 
time from lSl36 to ISSl. These are only the longest 
periods happening within tliese months, and no notice 
is taken of shorter ones, as this would require too much 
space. This fractional form of expression is for econ- 
omy of space, and may be relied upon as strictly ac- 
curate. Only the growing months are used. 



Yen 



isco 18CS IS 



1879 1S.S( 



1881 



Number of dry day 



1SC« 1870 IS 



1S74 ls7S 1S79 ISSO 1882 



1869 1873 1874 18 



1878 1879 ISsl 



Year 1SC9 1870 1871 1874 1876 1S77 1880 1881 

Xumler of dry i'.ivs.... 13 15 12 13 14 11 12 IS 

From this table we see that May, 18S0, had twenty- 
four consecutive dry days (this embraced two days of 
April), this being the longest period without rain 
during the growing season in seventeen years; and of 
course the grass, clover, and strawberry crops suffered 
to a considerable extent that year, and this was aggra- 
vated by a preponderance of northwest winds that 
month. 

A longer dry period than the abcjve has been met 
with in other than the growing months, as in Novem- 
ber, 1874, a period of thirty days passed without rain 
or snow; twenty-four dry days also in December, 
1877. 

As re.-pects the matter of clouds in tiiis region, a 
single year may be taken as a type of all the rest. 
In 187'.l, thirty-o'ie days were entirely clear; in ten 
hundred and ninetv-five orwervations three hundred 



104 



HIMOKY OF GLOUCKSTKR, SALHM, AND CUM IJKKLAXi) COUNTIES. 



and forty-nine were cieiir, seven hundred and forty- 
six were cloudy, and on a seale of ten t!ie de^rree of 
cloudiness for the year was six hundred and twenty- 
four. 

A few general considerations on the elimatoloiiy of 
South Jersey, and we will clo>;e. 

If the wind comes from the south, southwest, south- 
east, east, or northeast, the hygrometer indicates ,i 
large degree of moisture, if not complete saturation ; 
but if the wind changes suddenly to west, northwest, 
or north, the hygrometer shows at once the dry state 
of the atmosphere. These varying states of the air 
are quite as obvious in rainy weather as any other, so 
that the number of rainy days in a given time, or the 
vertical depth of water, would not be a safe criterion 
of the hygrometric state of the locality. The course 
of the wind and tlie hygrometer itself tell more 
clearly than aught else the state of the atmosphere as 
to moisture. 

A southeast, east, south, or northeast wind bring to 
us the same climatic conditions that a west, southwest, 
or northwest wind carries to Spain or England, viz., a 
breeze charged with the contents of the Gulf Stream. 



The annual quantity of rain falling in l-^ngland is 
32 inches; at San Antonio, 3J. 7 inches; in i-'ranci-, 
ij inclies ; in Vici;sburg, 4.'^.-i ; Hamburg, 17; \[.i- 
bilc, Gl ; and yet Mobile has a dryer atmosphere th.in 
Hamburg, — no contradiction here. A northwest wind 
bearing down on San Antonio and ilobilc passes over 
a wide scope of dry inland country, which must ren- 
der tl'.e atmosphere dry ; but the same wind sweepiu'j- 
over France or Ilainburg will he charged with abun- 
dance of watery vaiior. The prevailing winds in both 
continents are ice-^/er/i/, but the results must be diverse 
on animal and vegetable life, — n'i.!e the giant pines of 
California, oaks in Michigan, and .as compared with 
the same geucra and species in England, Spain, and 
Germany. 

Our climate invites the invalid from all parts of 
the country, as here is to be found the golden mean 
between the enervating miasms of the South and the 
fierce cold and snow of a five- or six-months' winter. 

Here we have no tornadoes, but the healthful breezes 
that cheer and invigorate both mind and body, and a 
climate that invites to our midst every nationality 
under the sun. 



HISTORY OF GLOrCESTER COUNTY 



CHAPTER XXI V. 

(DICANIZATION AXU J^l'DSKQUHN'T DIVISIONS OF 
THE COUNTY. 

Thk Province of West New Jersey had, in 1GS2. 
become quite populous, and for convenience in tlie 
a<iministration of justice, it was in May of tliat year, 
divided into two jurisdictions or counties, with a 
Court of Quarter Sessions, a sheriff, and a clerk in 
eacli. They were named from the two towns which 
they included, Burlington and Salem. It was still 
found inconvenient for the people of the third and 
fourth tenths, or precincts, to transact their business 
at distant places, and they availed themselves of the 
first opportunity which disturbances in the provincial 
government afforded to remedy this inconvenience 
for themselves. 

Xov. 2.5, lOS-'), the Asseml.ily met, but on the same 
day adjourned, ostensibly on account of the sharp- 
ness of the weather, " to some fit and seasonable 
time." No record appears of the proceedings of this 
Assembly at any session afterwards till the latter 
part of 1G92, though there is reason to believe that 
regular sessions were held. 

Perhaps no better account can be given of the or- 
ganization of this county, and the early action of the 
courts and authorities therein than that of Mickle,' 
which is here substantially copied. 

Organization of the County. — On the 26th day of 
May, lost), the proprietors, freeholders, and inhabi- 
tants generally of the third and fourth tenths, or 
the territory between the Pensaukin and Oldman's 
Creeks, met at Arwames, and organized a jurisdiction 
or county by the adoption of what may be termed a 
county constitution. This curious instrument, which 
had ten brief paragraphs, erected the two precincts 
into a county, ordained a regular court, provided 
<ifficers, and prescribed the minuii;e of legal practice, 
and also pr(jvidcd regulations I'or the marking of 
hogs and other ratlh. The following is a literal copy 
of this constitution : 

"CONSTITUTION' OF GLOfCKSTEK COUNTT. 

" Glouckstkr j-c SSth .May lf,.S6. 

'•r.y the I'ropryetors, Frcehulders acid Inhabitants of th^ Third an. I 

Vu.irth Tentln Ulias county of Gloaceslfr,) then agreed 88 Wlowetli: 

" InifriDii-.— Tliat a Court bn l.sld fur t!i« Jurisdirtiuii a:id I.iniilB of 

•lie "furM;,!.; Tentlia or Coui.ty. one tyine at Axwamu.i alias Gloucester 

and another lynio at K..-d B.nk. 

' K'^ndni^ccnces of Old Gloucostor, i844. 



" Iti 
held i 



m— Tilt 
1 one J 
the firs 



tin 



be fowe 



arte 



3 .Iiirii 
inafte 



iiction afori 



and upon ye lirst day of 



at ye d.ayes and tynies 
■ of the fin-t Month, U] 
ni^.nth, en the first day of the seventh mo 
the tenth niontli. 

" Item— Tliat the lirst Court shall be held at Gloucester afoiesaid 
npon the flr^t day of Septeniber ne.\t. 

" Item— That all warrants and summons sliall be drawne by the clarke 
of the Courte and signed by a Justice and soe delivered to the sherrifT 
or his Deputy to Execute. 

"Item— That, the bodye of each warmnt etc. shall contayne or In- 
timate the nature of the action. 

"Item— Tli.at a coppy of the Declaration be given along with ye war- 
rant by the Clerke of the Court, that soe the defendant may liav.> the 
loni;er tyine to ConsiJder the same and prepare his answer. 

" Item— That all summons, warrants, etc. shall be served and Declara- 
tions given at least ten days before the Court. 

•■ Item- That the Shcrriffe shall give the Jury summons six dayes 
before the court be held on which they are to appear. 

"Item— That till persons within ye Jurisdiction afores,aid bring into 
the next courte ye i;iark of their Hoggs and other Cattell, in order to 
be approved and recorded." 

This was the origin of Old Gl<:>uci:stef., the only 
county in Xev,- Jersey that derived its existence from 
the direct action of its own people. 

Early Administration of Affairs.— " It would 
seem," says Gordon, '• that the inhabitants of the 
county deemed themselves a body politic, a dcmocratie 
cuiiimoniccalth with full powers of legislation.'' 

It will appear by tiie extracts from the county 
records, to be hereafter given, that such was their 
opinion. The courts and grand juries which sat at 
Red Bank and Arwames would have been formidable 
tribunals but for the stern integrity with which they 
exercised e.xtraordinary authority. It must he ad- 
mitted, however, that the justices chosen by the peo- 
ple under the concessions appear to have been too 
complaisant to the juries under their direction. 
M'hether it was a verdict changing a freeman to a 
slave, or a presentment laying the most inconsiderable 
tax, the entry by the clerk was the same. " To all 
which ye Bench assents." 

" By the joyntt consent of the proprietors," who. 
during the interregnum in the provincial government, 
fi.xed everything, the county-seat was fixed at Ar- 
wames. 

Eecognition of the County.— One statute erect- 
ing the cotiiuy of Cajie May in 1092, by reciting 
thit the ])rovince had "'been formally divided into 
three counties," gave an indirect sanction to the 
irregular proceedings of the inhabitants of Glouces- 
ter County in forming themselves into a county with- 
out the action of the provincial Legirilature. An act 
passed the same year purtia'iy defined the boundaries 
■ 10.'> 



lOG 



HISTORY OF c;loucksti:k COrNTY. 



of the county, by nuiking tlie Pcns;uikin tlio division 
lino between it ami Ijurlington, bnc this was repeuleii 
at the next session ol' tlie Leirishitiire because of "a 
great ineonvenieney .-een in that act.'' In lii'.l-t two 
laws relatiiiL' to ( ;lou(,'ester were jias-ed. The first 
enacted 



'■tlint tliB two dijiimtioii., o 
Fourth IVnlhs, he Mii i< lie 
hei.Cfforlh to bo c.illv.l. Tin: 
Iwunili'.l Willi thoafoivs.-iKi i 
Eowkiii), on tlie iiortli, .111.1 t 
CrtelOon the soulli." 



■isioTis. he 



ealleJ the Third i.nd 
ilv li.i:iio.l. and l"r..m 



ailed Cral.well (roinierly tilled Tei 
■r Deikley (formerly called Oldniai 



It was probably intended tliat the ea>tern boundary 
of the county should be a riiiht line drawn iVom tlie 
head-waters of the Pensaukin to the head-waters of 
Oldnian's Creek. It is certain that Gloucester did 
uot originally reach to the ocean, for the second law. 
enacted the same year, set tnrth : 



KGG H.\I;B0R ANNKXl 

"Forasmuch as there are some families settled 

and of right ought to be under some juriMliction 

authority aforesaid that the inhahitants of the sai 

be and belong to the jurisdiction of Gloucester, to 

' shall be capable, by a 



GLOUCESTEU. 



upon Egg Harbour, 
be it enacted by the 
E-g H.irhour shall 
tU intents and pur- 



11 pete 



umber of 
contrary 



poses, till such time as tin 
inhabitants, to be erected into 
notwithstanding."' 

In this dependent condition the Egg Harbor region 
continued till 1710. wlien. by a leirislative act, it was 
incorporated with and made a part of Gloucester. 

Atlantic County erected.— A hundred and twenty 
years later the peo]ile on the seaboard had aci]uired, 
as they thought, " a competent number of inhabit- 
ants" to be m.ide a separate county, and accordingly 
Atlantic County was erected in 18o7. A board of 
commissioners, consisting of three from each of the 
new counties, was ajipointed to appraise the public 
property of the old county and apportion the net 
value thereof to the new counties according to the 
population of each. The commissioners for Glouces- 
ter County were John Clement, Elijah Bowers, and 
James Saunders. They found the net value of the 
public property of the old county of Gloucester 
(after deducting liabilities) to be 5^24, 195.4-5, of which 
$17,247.69;! was the amount apportioned to the new 
county of Gloucester, and s:t3947.7o'. to the new county 
of Atlantic. 

Attempted Removal of County-Seat. — From time 
to time during the early part ot' the present century 
the question of removing the county-seat to Camden 
was agitated, and on the 25th of November, 1824, an 
act was passed by the Legislature of the .State author- 
izing an election in the county of Gloucester to de- 
termine whether or not the county-seat should be re- 
moved to or within one mile of Camden. The election 
was held on the 8th day of February, 1825, and the 
contest was a spirited one. The result was 2516 votes 
for Woodbury and 164o for (Jamden. a m.'ijority of 
870 in favor of continuing the public buildings at the 
former place. 

Erection of Camden County. — A^ time went on 



the convenience of the rapidly-increasing population 
in the northern p.irt of Gloucester seemed to call fov 
the erection thrre of a new county, and the measure 
was favoreii by Mime in order tn secure to ^\'est New 
.Tcr^ey its jn^t >hare of inihicnce in the .State govern- 
ment. 

Accor.lingly, on the IGlh of March, 1S44, an act 
was passed by the Legislature erecting the township> 
of Camden, AVaterford, Xewton, LTnion, Delaware, 
Gloucester, and Washington, then constituting a ]iart 
of the county of Gloucester, into a separate county 
by the name of Camden. .So violent, however, was 
the opposition to the measure that the act parsed the 
Assembly by a majority of only one. 

By the terms of this act the court-house, jail, and 
other public property at Woodbury continued to be 
the property of Gloucester County, but the alms- 
house and the farm, and the personal property per- 
taining to them, as well as the other real estate which 
constituted the almshouse pro|ierty, was to be owned 
and occupied jointly by the two counties. 

By a supplement to the act erecting the county of 
Camden, which supplement was approved April 1, 
1846, Joseph Saunders, J. D. Harrison, J. K. Cow- 
perthwaite, Edward Turner, and J. J. Spencer were 
appointed conimissioners to divide the pioblie prop- 
erty which belonged to tlie county of Gloucester at 
the time of the jjassage of the act erecting Camden 
County, between the counties of Gloucester and Cam- 
den, excepting real estate and the movable property, 
which the act reserved for the county of Gloucester. 
These commissioners met and made an appraisement 
of all the personal property, moneys, and etTects, ex- 
cept ;is excepted, and after deductiiiir therefrom tlie 
amount of the debts against the county at tiie time 
of the passage of the act dividing the couni.y of 
(^rloucester, apportioned the balance to the two coun- 
ties in the ratio of the county tax paid by the several 
townships which composed the counties in 1843. The 
surplus revenue of the United States which had been 
deposited with the county, and the interest thereon, 
was apportioned in the ratio of the State tax paid by 
the same town-hips in the year 1836, the year jircvious 
to that in which this de|)Osit was accepted. 

By this apjiortionment tlie county of Gloucester 
received of personal property, moneys, and elTects a 
balance of ¥872.10. 

Of the bonds and mortgages for surpihis revenue 
loaned, and interest thereon, there was apportioned 
to the county of Gloucester tiie sum of •■?2o,367.30. 

The personal property comHM.-led with tlie alms- 
house was not taken into account in making this 
division, as it was not believed to come within the 
intent and meaning of the act by which the conimi.-- 
sioners were appointed. 

Wasiiing-ton and Monroe restored to Glouces- 
ter. — i'lie township of Washington, wiiicii wa> in- 
cluded in the county of Camden when that couoty was 
erected, was subsequently divided into the to\vn-!:;ps 



GENKUAL HISTORY. 



107 



.,l' \V:i.-liiii,L'tiiii iiiiil Miinii'O. Hy a l:nv approveil 
I VI). -•'^1 1S71, it w:is enacted, — 

••Tliat »11 tliiit iwii of the roil iity,.fCinid,-n.-oin]iri,iiis 111? tiwiislni'S 
-f \Vn-liiiigli"> aii'l Mi'nr.H- ^e!Cl:e|'t llmt ivnl of llie tintiiship of W,i.-li- 
ii.^loti iuoin.lod witliiu the Iwuniliiries of the Cinidou uluiihoiisc (avm. 
«hich is 10 remain a liirt of f;iid •■oiinty of C.iniJeii, iind I.e iinnexeil to 
,r,d rnnde n r»rt of, the tow uship of Olovirc^ler iu s;iid cotinly) shall I'e, 
,„d Ibc sjliue is, lier.l.y annoxed to and mule a i«irt of the county ol 

Geography and Topography, — Tlie comity :is 
nnw con>tittited is boinuletl on the ii(irtlic;i-t by 
(.':iiiuleii ('omity, iVdiii wliich it i,- sep:ir:itoii l\v Tiiii- 
l.cr Creek, Four- Jliie Cieek, and (ireat Kgg- Harbor 
Kiver; on the southea:?! by Athintic County; on llie 
vouthwest by Cumberland and Salem Counties, Old- 
man's Creek from it? source to its niouth sej^arating 
it from Salem; and on the uortlnvc^t by Delaware 
liiver. 

It has the same general form that it bad previous 
to the separation from it of Atlantic and Camden 
Counties. — that of a parallelogram extending from 
northwest to southeast. The water-shed which sepa- 
rates the streams running toward the east and west — 
.•\ portion of what is sometimes called the "Backbone 
of Xew Jersey"— extends in a northeast and soutb- 
we->t direction across the county, near the line between 
Washington and Monroe, and through Clayton. 

It is drained towards the east by Great Egg Har- 
bor Itiver and .^evertil smaller streams, autl towards 
the west by Timber, Woodbury, Mantua, Kaccoon. and 
Oidman's Creeks and their afliuents, all of which are 
navigable for some distance inward. Its greatest 
length between northwest and southeast i.s about 
thirty-nine miles, and its greatest width between 
northeast and southwest about nineteen. It has an 
area of about four hundred and tbirty siptare miles. 
The surfice i- uenerally level and the soil is sandy. 

Divisions of Townships. — As the population of 
the county has increased the few original townships 
tlutt were included within the limits of the present 
county have been divided and subdivided till now 
there are twelve, viz.: Clayton, Deptibrd. Frank- 
lin, Glassboro, Greenwich, Harrison, Logan, Mantua, 
Monroe, Washington, West Deptford, and Wool- 
« icli. 

Population. — The population of the county was 
inl7'J0,3.3G8; 1.SOO,1G,115; 1310,19,744; 1820,23,071; 
1830, 28,431 ; 1840, 20,438 ; I80O, 14,0.5-5 ; 1800, 18,444 ; 
1870, 21,0r.2; 1880, 2.5,880. 

Land Titles.— The acC|ui>ition of the title to the 
land hereby the original proprietors, the extinguish- 
ment of the Indian title, and the changes which oc- 
curred in the early propiietorshij) have been spoken 
of elsewhere. It is now exceedingly difficult, and 
in many ca«es quite impossible, for individuals to fol- 
low the chain of title to their lands back to these 
early projirietors ; for the reason that, titles were not 
recorded licre prior to 178.5. In a few- cases deeds re- 
cite thi.s chain of title back, but in most of these few 
tlie recital slojis short of the original propri:!iors. 



CHAl'TEU XXV. 

K.\in.^ HOlNiiS OF THE (.■fUNTV Al'TiK lU III K.^, 

Extracts from Court Records. — The f.dlowing 

extracts not only >liow that the iiib.abitants of old 
Gloucester considered them-^elves, for a time after the 
constitution was adopted at .Vrwtimes, an independent 
government, with power to jirescribe penalties, levy 
taxes, determine boundaries, and exercise other gov- 
ernmental functions, but they illustrate to some ex- 
tent the moral ami social condition of the early Ivng- 
lish seltler>. 

.Vt the court at Red Bank, on the lOtb of Decem- 
ber, 1080, 

•' .\ndicw Wilkie was brought to yc Bar, aiul the mdictment Hgainst 
him for ffelony hi-ing rend, he jiltadeJ guilty in manner and form,'' A 
jury, however, " was eiupannelk-d and attested tii>on liis Tr.all and true 
dclivcnince to make oetvveen our Lord the Kin;.' and the [.risoner at 
the lar, etc, 1", nf.ol— The jury Lrouglit in .Andrew Wilke, llie prisouer, 
iJuiltv in the maunor and form: and tliat ye said prisoner ought to 
make pay to the prosecutor tlie sum of sixteen pounds, .s'. nf.iice— The 
Bench nppoints that ye said Wilkie shall pay ye aforesaid sixteen 
pounds by w.iy of servitude viz: if lie will be hound hy Indenture to 
ye prosecutor, then to serve bim ye terme of four years ; but if he ion- 
discended not thereto, then yo court awarded that be should l.c a ser- 
vant, and scie abide the terme of five years, and to be accumniodated in 
the tyme of bis servitude by his m.ister with meat, drink, clo-ilhs, and 
washing acco'diixg to ye custom'' of ijt couiitu and fat for such a ser- 
vant." 

The felony fi.ir which this double conviction was 
bad was the theft of goods from Denis Sins, and the 
sentence was in accordance with the provincial law 
of 1081. which required thieves to make fourfold res- 
titution, ''or be made to work fur so long a time as 
the nature of the otl'ence shall recpiire.'' Neither law 
nor custom, however, furni>bed authority for the fol- 
lowing proceedings, which were had at a court held 
in Gloucester on the 1st of December, 1093: 

"The grand jury present William Lovojoy for that, contrary to the 
order and advice of the Bunch, he doth fre.iueiit the house of .\iin I'en- 
stoiie, and lodge there, none being in ye house but be and ye said Ann 
with the bastard child, NVilliam Lovejoy solemnly proniis"« to appsar 
at the n-xt court, to be held at 01. iice>ter, and to be of v. ry e.M.l 
b.-havioiir during the same time." 

First Court. — The first court held under the county 
organization was in September, 1080. The justices 
present on the bench were Francis Collins, Thomas 
Thackera, and .Tohn Wood. The jury-list returned by 
the sherilf included the names of 

William Hunt, \Villiam Bate, William .Mvertson, William Lovejoy, 
Henry Wood, .foualhali Wood, .John II ogu'e, .James .\lkinvon, Thom^ni 
aharp, Thomas Cbaliiiiicr.s George U.jh;=ruTlh, John Lad.le, Daniel Head- 
ing, John Ithol, ,Joh;i B.;!lie!l, Tiiimas JLitlhews, William Dalboe, .Vu- 
th.my Xelivin, .Tohn Matson, Tuomas n.ill, John Tayl.ir, William Salib. 
bury, .Matthew Jle.kalfe. ami William Cooper. At lliis term, " r;p.)n 
yecomphiyntof Kebecca Ili'mmomiaUHii.hther late n.asler, Robert Zane, 
f.,rwant of nccftssarv- apparell aa al,o.; his failure iu some covenaut.s 
tl at he was obliif.l by his indcntur'J to p'Tform— it was ordered yt ye 
saidKoh. Zane, before yo first day of ninth month next, Bli..iild fiuJe 
an.l give tr, ye said Iiel..=cka llammou.l a]ip,arell to the valine of three 
pounds seven shillings and sixpenci-, and alioe jl/l;! "cre. of loud to lier 
ond h.r hn<s foTev,-r ; and in caso ye sd V.oh. shull ilMI:e this order /Am 
t/i btau-J to ciiid itiide by tje Act of Aae'itUlij in the like case provided; 
wheivup..n y.> sd It..h, Zane diil at laa declare that he would cinipiy 
with ye aforesaid order and answer ye same." 



108 



iiiSTor.Y or GLOL'ci:sTEn county. 



Tlie clause of the county coiijtitutiiui rcliitiiig to 
the ni:irks un " hniiiz^" \v:is not ohovcil by all the in- 
habitant^, iunl at tiiis ourt tlie clerk \va^ orJered "to 
warne in tlu>~e who luul made default, to his nwn 
houj^e, and there take account and re_:ri>ter their 
niarkes." The records of these marks are not the 
least carious parts of the archives of the county. 
To kill a marked hog. even though its owner was 
unknown, was a misdemeanor, punishable by line, 
.ind at the December term, lOSG, three of the most 
respectable citizens in tlie county were tined re- 
spectively twelve, ten, and seven shilliiiLrs tor so 
offending. 

On the 1st of March, 1601, John Hicliards was 
convicted of perjury, and was sentenced by /he Jury 

"to pay twenty pouuda tine, or st-iud in ye pillory one hour. Tii which 
ye bench absents, and ye prisoner chusing to stand in ye pilK-ry they 
a\>-ard and order the same to he in Gloucester on ye twelfth day of April 
next between ye hours of ten in ye morning and fo\ir in ye afternoon, 
and condescend to take bis owne bond for his appearance at that lynie, 
under ye penalty and /or/in<7i/tou of fifty pounds." 

Two burglars were convicted at the rfeptember 
term, 1690, and were sentenced to be ''burnt to the 
bone" in the hand with the letter T, or be sold for 
five years in the ^^''eit Indies. They chose the 
latter. 

Question of Jurisdiction. — The independence 
claimed by the county during the disturbances in the 
provincial government is illustrated by the subjoined 
extract from the minutes of the court. Gloucester 
and Burlington seem to have regarded the question 
of county boundaries as a proper subject for county 
legislation : 

ejter on ye first d.iy of 4th nio., 16S9, the 



held 



ountie^ of 
hall deter- 



".\ta 

grand jury bavins information that thejipersoris f 
by ye propryetors for fixing ye line of division betw 
Burlington and Gloucester have agreed upon a com 
mine ye s.iuie, Doe, in pursuance thereof, order that upon ye seven- 
teenth of this instant ye said lines shall be run, and that Thomas Sharp 
shall be surveyor for ye doing thereof. That John Walker and John 
Heritage shall mark ye trees, and that Francis Collins, Richard Herit- 
age, John Key, and John Wills be appointed to see yt the same be duly 
performed and done. .\iid also that it's judged that ye people in Bur- 
lington County may have advice hereof, that they may appear to see tiie 
thing completed, if they ple^ise. To all which ye Bench assents, and 



order thi 



edun 



then 



r ahi 



Two years previous to the above proceedings the 
Burlington people had given offense to Gloucester by 
holding pleas of crimes belonging to the jurisdiction 
of Arwames. The Burlington officers who had thus 
offended the dignity of Gloucester were promptly 
brought to account. At a court held at Gloucester 
on the 1st of December, ltiS7, 

"The grand jury present .John Wood and Will Warner for convcyrig 
forth of this county two prisoners thereof, namely Henry Tre.idway and 
Mary Driner, for their (ryall at Burlington Court, contrary to the riclit 
and privileges of this county, and to the perverting of justice ic. The 
Bench, "irdert this presentment to be referred to the ne.xt court, at which 
tyne ye .^d. John Wood is ordered to appear." At the next court "The 
presentment of tlie grand jury of the last Ojurt against John Wood, lor 
the conveyiuf of Henry Treadway and Mary Driner, two notorious de- 
linquents, forth of this county Ac. to the destroying of ye county's 
privileges ic. beiug re.ad, the said John Wood ^pe.iketh asfolloweth: 
Since I undc.-staud that [his rounly hath taken oiTence at and wiUi my 



pr.tceedings concerning Ilenr 

my ignorance that 
would he pleased to i 

First Tax.— The first fax .act passed by the Legis- 
lature of the county {the grand jury) was as follows : 



that c:ii 


so of offence. (I'o 


asm 


ich a* 


I de- 


Ihecoui 


ly, nor any Iherci 


,bu 


that i 


was 


evi the 


s.ime, I doe desir 


e th 


sd CO 


uniy 


d pass b 


■ ye s.ime." 









"Gluuce-ter, fii^tof s.'cond mo., IC^" 
ininde Jury, having something unde 
.nger tyme to deliberate thereof, they i 
ay of ;he same month, at which lime 
ere.1 a< followeth ;— 

"That for the public use and concerne of the CouDtyot Gloucester 
here should be a tax levyed and raised upon the iriliabitauts thereof. 



The C<.in.tedH,olv.-d.bnt the 

iw adjourned till the fonrteenth 
appearing they agreed and or- 



in the 



■ folio 



of lande shall pay. f. 
I. taken up, . 



:hun- 



d, lh< 



"That every owner or p 
dred of land.o tliat shall be possessed, taken up, or su 
one shilling. .\nd that every person keeping Ci'.ttell within the sd 
County of Gloucester, whether oxen, horses, or cowes, being two years 
of age, shall pay for every head of such cattel the sum of two pence. 
.\nd .ll-oe that all free men, liaving neither lande nor caltell, bhall pay 
the sum of twopence. .\nd alsoe that all men, having neither lande or 
cattell, being sixteen years of age, shall pay for their owne heads one 
shilling a piece. 

"The assessors appointed for the taxing of every man's estate as afore- 
said are Kich.ard H.-rit.ige, John Ivey, Thomas Sliarpe. .\ndiew Kobe^on 
J.iii., and .^ntlinny Ne-lson ; whoe are to meet together, on or leforo the 
twenlielh Jay of the third month next, in order to .assess and levy the 



or before the twenty-ninth d.ay 
Lir in come at the prices follow 

Wheat, at 4 

Kye. J 

Barley, 3 

Indian Corn, 2 C. 

" .^nd in case any person tliall refuse 

as aforesaid, it shall tw lawfnll to dis 

value, with all such charges as shall ac 

soe made; and any one that tindes hi.m 

next justice, who hath ])ower to redri 



'nry Wood and .Anthony Xeilso 
briuge in their several taxatior 
-tember next, either in silver mo 



Gates, at *2 

Indian Pe.T.s, r, i 
Buckwheat, 2 



the 



neglect to bring 
ne ur>on them for double the 
ib for or by reason of distress 
' wronged shall repair to the 
their aggrievances. .\nd the 
eiug and disi->osa!l 



Treasurers are hereby ordered to have for their rs 
of the pay two shillings in the pound; 

" .\ud that this tax, when received, shall not be disposed on but by the 
consent, knowledge, and appointment or approbation of the Grand Jury 
for the tyme being. 

"This was seen and approved on the fourteenth day of .\pril by the 
Justices afores.aid, and the Jury wiis discharged." 

Ta.xes continued to be levied by the grand jury, 
of its own accord, till 1G94, when the power was 
vested by the Assembly in a quorum of the county 
justices, " with the advice, concurrence and assistance 
of the Grand Jury.'' In 1713 the prerogative was by 
statute vested in the justices and chosen freeholders, 
where it remained until the organizatifin of the board 
of freeholders, as at present constituted, on the 13th 
of February, 179.S. On the minutes of the county 
legislative board under the date of Dec. 11, 1733, ap- 
pears the subjoined act for repairing Timber Creek 
bridge : 

" The justices and tVeeholders have apiwinted George Ward, and Con- 
stantine Wood to be managers to repair Timber Crick Bri Ige; and also 
that fifty pounds shall be raised to defr.-.y the charge of th.; said repair, 
and r.r and towards other county charges, in the manner following, 
viz; Single men. one shilling and six pence e.ich; servants, four pence 
each; MerchiMi as folh.weth, viz: John llrown of Gloucest-r, ten shil- 
lings; Sarah Xorris, five; Timothy Mallack, ten; Michael Fisher, five; 
C. TaUoi, lei.. M,iU as f.diowelh, viz: Bennet's Miil.four 'billings; 



ImI-V Jlill, rnir; Chil.Vs Mill, four; Key 
.Mill, !«..; Kicl.ard nuvstinnn's Mill, llir 
..nn'-ll.'ft Mill, one ail.l ai.v !'"»-■.■; H\m: 
Mill,t«o; S. .-liivcr's Mill, four; Soiiu-re' 
, I,.- »"il fit ponce; Fislior'4 Mill, funi ; IJi 



GENERAL 



'8 Mill, four; .\ii,:r.'w W^in.-a 
.■<?; G.-oiRB War.1-- Mill, live; 
iMi's Mill, l«o; Isr^iL'l Wiiril'ii 
Mill, Ulr.'f; .'itilrnianV Mill, 
■ciidic's .Mill, IMo. T.ifcrmns 



I '11 ' 



■111, ■ 



;: T. Perr 
iffilh's, oi: 



i-cl.l.'s, iLii sliillings; Mo.lcilfi 
; Silriili Hull's, two; K. Ellison's 



ten; Whcel- 
tivo; T:iteui's 



: jjcnc 



■ II \ , iwilvc." From a siniihir ufl passed in IToi) it api^oii 
,r.^ tlicn in tlio county firarti-pn stores and fhops, twenty 
,(■ f.uii'.s, nn.t more tliau l«enly-five tavtrii.s iiml Ilia 
, . V MNeil •• Eight ShilhiifS Each. Male Sarvenis Jt Neiiro 
in Yeares of .\ge twoSliilliniis Each, Hals & wooj Boats 

■ rajril, Shall. [is iind Sloops two Shillings per Tunr, .Ma 
1 -e. The I'vomaindcr to be levied on Ye Pound Value." 



Shillings 
■nts Tuii- 



l.i-tU( 



Early Ferries. — In 1G.SS the first fern 
tUnucester :ind Phil:ulel|)lii:i \v;is lii-cii~eil by the 
c.mrt. 1'm.li'r the ihite of Juiiiuiiy 1st in th;it ye;ir 
Clerk Sli:irp reeurdeJ: 

"It is proposed to ye bench yt a ferry is very nee^lfull and much 
wanted from Jarsey to Philadelphia, yt William Koydoii's house is 
I.H.ked upon as a place convenient for, .ind the s.aid William Roydou a 
person suitable for that employment, .and therefore au order desired from 
ye Bench that a ferry may be fi\cd ic. To which ye Beuth assents, and 
refers to ye tirand Jury to luethodize ye same, and fix ye rates thereof.'" 

A i'erry over Timber Creek was proposed in 1693, 
but tliat and tlie one cstablislied in IGS^S across the 
l)chiw;ire ))n)balily beeanie e.\tiiiet bel'ore 1GP3, for 
under the date June 1st in that year apjiears the 
Cullowiiiff : 



'■ The Grand Jur 
oper for keeping 
lowing; that is ti 
■ a single horse c 



and pr 



en pence, 
lead for sheep, call 
•■Tlic Grand Jur; 
Reading for keepi, 
M Wickaco, at .ve ; 



hen ten ( 



th thepn.pisalsuf Daniel 
river lo Philadeliihia, at thi- prices 
nd horse, one shilling and six pence; 

i.\ pence per head, and si.x pence per 
)r hoggs. To which ye bench .assents. 
insenteth to and presenteth the pri'i>osals of John 
a ferry over Glocester Elver, and from Glocester 
:es folloning. That is to say for a single man and 
id six pence ; and four shillings per bead for more 
lorse or cow, Ac, and one shilling and six pence for a single 
one shilling per head when more than one. from Glocester 
■oe. .\Tid five pence per head for horses, cows ic. and two 
he.ad for man without horses or cattell over Glocester River. 



To all which ■ 



Tlie first regular ferry over Cooper's Creek was es- 
tablished Dec. 1, 1702. The record of that date 
says, — 

"John Champion makes great complaint of his great charge in sel- 
ling people overCrioper s Creek at Ir.s house; whereupon ye Grand Jury 
ploiiose that in case ye sd John Champion will find siiffleient conveni- 
ences to putt peoldeover at all seasons the said Champion may take for 
ferriage as follows viz: for two persons together, two pence per head; 
lor one single pereon, three pence ; and for a man and a horse five pence. 
To which ye Bench assents." 

No mention is made in any of these schedules of 
carriages. These were not in general use, even in 
Philadelphia, previou.s to the lievolution. In West 
New Jersey journeys were usually made on horse- 
back, and the daughters of the wealthie.st men u-uaily 
received for a marriage portion a cow and a side- 
saddle. Wheeled carriages would have been but 
little useful in a region where the road-, were full of 
trees, and wliere the streams were seldom bridged. 

More than a century later, or in 1S21. the following 
rates of ferri:ige acro.-s the Delaware Ir'jin the town- 



IllSTOKY. 109 

ship of Newton and Gloucester Town were estab- 
lished by tlie hoard nf freeholders : 

" For e.iili pa.^^cug. r with.^ul l.ii.:g»^^e or marketing, from the 1st 

"Kioni 1-t S.preniber'li. ■-•inli'nc'ceniii'er. li' i 

" Kroni ■2iMli Liecniher lo .'.th .March 25 

• From :.tli March lo 1st May Ol.; 

"MaiUet pm.i.le 1.. have th- pnvile..;e of carrviiii with them a.s 
nianv a- six l.ii-liil-ba-kels. or what is e.]uiMileiit thereto of 

anv kind of niaiUeling not hereinafter rated V2].; 

'•A barrel to be laledeipial to 'J baskets. Tubs, rhe-t-'. amUcow- 
ba^^Uel.- to be rated ai-ci.r.ling lo the number of bushels ihev 
liiibl. .111.1 f.revervbush.-l-basket. or what is equivalent to one. 
over six. t.. pay oii» c-iit each. .Ml arlicles liavmgcontaineu 
marketing to return free, if empty, otherwise to pay the usual 

"For a two-horse load, with or without the carriage, not other- 
wise rated ". 37'.: 

" r.arrel of salt. Hour, plaster, sug.ir, Ibpior. meat, elc l^'^. 

■■y-»'vty ■• " '' 2 

"Hall " " " empty 1 

" llo.gsheadsof liquor, molasses, sugar, lime, elc 37' _. 

"Stove'ofcast iron, 6 or more plates IS^'j 

less than 11 plates «\ 

"Salt, plaster, grain, clover, and other grass-seeds, per bushel 2 

"Fl.iiir, beef. pork. iron, elc, per cwt -i 

"Coflee, perbag. lar-e trunk, etc S' i 

"Soap, candles, chocolate, glass, etc., per box 3 

" Windsor (halre. per dozen V , 

"Bureau, bedstead, clock-iase 12' 4 

" Lumber, per loil feet.... 1" 

" Livecalves. fat nogs, per head b'^. 

" Sheep, and stole hogs, per head 3 

"Fat c.iille. per head 37'.. 

•Tow and calf 55 

"Store c.irtle, hordes, mules, etc - IS-'^ 

■'Sidebo^ird i'l 

•' liesk, secretar.v, etc IS^'j 

" Sni.ai tabled stand, feather bed. matra.ss. large chest "for te.s 6' 4 

"Crate or tieice of earthenware. ham|ier of bottles IS-'j 

■' Fresh shad, per liio. or heriin--, per k.'jn 25 

"Carriages of ]i|easiire, ..lei drivers: 

Every 4-wheel carriage drawn by 4 horses l.Oi 

.' 4 " " " " i " y'....V!^".'.""!!!!"!!!! « * 

Stage wagon " " 4 " 7J 

" Market carriages with their drivers, including fish wagons, going 

to or retiii ning from nuirket : 

With 4 wheels drawn by -1 horses 37,^; 

" 1 " 25 

""Maikct wagons taking in nierchanilise on their return, to be 

char-ed as carriages of burden 50 

" AU pa-s'engers in carriages, except the driver, to pay the same 

■ "Carriages of burden to include cliarc.al, tin wagons, peo'ars, 

etc. with their drivers: 

2 h.ir^es. loaded S" 

nul.aiied 25 

1 horse, loaded 31' , 

unloaded 25 

"For . .rrviug hav. slraw. hemp, flax, and other bulky articles: 

•J-h..i=e load..' f^'i 

liiloa.ied 37'; 

' 1 horse loaded - H 

I 1 " unloaded 25 

! "Eachadililional hoise.ox. or innle Is^'i 

" Everv load of Iniiil er exceeding 16 feet in length to pay 3 cents 
[le'r foot for such ex. e,s. Bricks on carnagi^s 51.25 per thou- 

biicli on'tw-o wl..." ■" .\':'. 1 1 ■ ■ .' 1 !■■ ii.t 10 exceed 

halfaton. Cam ..■■-■ .1 .■■■.- ■ ■ 1 ■■ 1 . n;. ..are to cross 

"The above rates t'ob'e taken spring, summer, and tail.'' 

Another schedule prescribed the rates on certain 
articles between December 20th and ^March .jth of 
each year. 
' Weights and Measures Regulated.— At the ses- 
sion of the court held .-sept. 2, lii'.lo, the i'ollowing de- 
cree was recorded: 

" V,'UEEE.\5, There hath bin of late very great abu.ses and Irregulari- 
ties Committed by ye v.-e and vn.lue pra.ctice of Selling by small and 
unlauful meiU.jr"S, for ye preventing of wch niischit.-H for ye future 
The B-nch Ordern tlial a person l/e appointed to bo ye Sealer and Recti- 
1 tier of weights and Measures for ye Counlj of Gloucester, who shall 
i lake Care that all v.eiglit» and in.:a-iiie, nithin ye County aforesai 1 be 

■ ma.ie according lo ye slan.laid of England, ' elc. The decree prescribcl 



no 



HISTORY OF Gl.OUCliSTER COUNTY. 



the fcMof Ihc oIliciT.aii.t liriiTi.li>J llial persons si'llinj: by short \>.'!ghts 
or Die^K.iTTs sl,..v]l.l " !._• sovenOx lined for Ih.ir so doing." 

March 1, ITOi),— 

"The Grand Jury present Thuniis Kendall and Paniel Coi.per for sell- 
ing Liquors hy small nuMsun s nithout Ljcence, and yo bench Order 
that they do forlliwith Oeaso selling, or take to do ye same under penalty 
of being prosecuted uccoiding to Law," 

Foreigners, Vagrants, Servants, etc. — lime 2, 
1701 — 



"The Grand Jury prescu 
and under all circumstance 
la lately ronje to Inhal.ilti 
of a Dangerous t'ohse.iMenc 



Amos Nicholson as l.iuig a man of ill fume, 
as Keputed guilty of Roberys. iTelunys Ac. 
ye t.'wnsbip of Greenwich, well is like to le 
: to ye Inhal.il.iiits, and a troublesome neigh- 
bour. That he shall give satisfaction that be hath satisfyed yc Law- 
Concerning those things that have been laid to his charge ,'rom ye places 
of his last resilience, and allso to give security that he will not become 
Burthensome to ye County, as being no freeholder. 

"The Bench assents hereto, and order that a Justice of peace do send 
his warr.mt to apprehend ye sd. .iinos. and that he shall give sillticient 
security to ludemiiify ye township, or else to be sent back to ye place of 
hie last Residence." 

Sept.], 1701 "The Grand Jury present that Thom,i3 Gardiner may be 
paid ye snme of ffive pjunds one shilling and nine pence halfpenny ffor 
wolves and Panthers heads." 

Sept. 1, 1701. " The Slier, brings into Court a vagrant Xegroo. taken 
up at Michael Enffins house at little Egg harbour, not giving an account 
of his masters name or place." The shenrs charges amounted to nine 
pounds eight shillings and two pence. 

"The Bench orders that to any person who shall Disburse ye sd Kx- 
pence and Charge The Negro shall serve ye term ami time of two years, 
to Commence from ye time tliat such pers^'n so disbursing ye Charge 
shall take him into their Custody, and to be made to work for his meu- 
teynence, and if in ye mean lime his master shall Come and claim, 
making jiroof his I'.ight to him, he shall then be Delivered to his 
said master, he Defraying of ye said Charge." 

March :', 1701. "Griffith Morgan makes Complainst agst. a servant 
woman of his Deserting of her service ye lit of Instant. The servant 
appearing and alledging That her passage was paid in Scotland she 
came ffrom, and that slie was not any servant, u]mn which ye 'aid Grif- 
fiftb piodiices an order of Che-ter Court, in peiisilvania, for her serving 
of five ye.ai^ to one K. Evan .tc, and his assignment to ye .said GrifSth : 
■whereupon ye Bench order that ye sd Servant perform her time of servi- 
tude according to ye said assignment." 

First Capital Crime in Gloucester County.— The 
first murder in Gloucester County oceurred in 1701. 
It v.-as a ca;:e of infanticide, but llie record does not 
show what penalty, if any, was inflicted on the guilty 
mother. The case was tried by Governor Lord Corn- 
bury in person,' and on the I'jth of December tlie 
following record was made :, 

"We the Grand Jury of the County of Gloucester doe order eighteen 
pence to by twelve bushels of charcoal for llie prisoner, and two pounds 
two shillings to by three in itch coats, for the prisoner's use so long as 
she hath occasion for it. and then to be reserved for the county's use. 
We allow seven sliillings and si.\ pence to the clerk for five warrants to 
the collector to gather the above lax. We further allow ilalthew Med- 
calfe twi-lve shillings and six p.-nce for defraying the Lord Oirnbury's 
retinue's expenses when he was hif ly at Gloiue-ter, and six shillim:s 
to John Sid.lon for a coffin for t)ie murthered child, and six shillings 
more we allow him by discount of his old tax in lOUi for bringing the 
Justices and Coroner to (iloster. We also allow eight i.oujids twelve 
shillings and four jience for defraying the Lord Cornbury^ and his at- 
tendance's expense.? when he was lately at Gloucester." 

Records of Marriages and Births.— One of the 



1 Governor llunloke held tlio Glouci 
ber terms, UM, and September, lOUl. 
sided at September term, 109*, and 
March, 1700. 



art in March and Dec 
nor Jeremiah Basse | 
jr .\ndrew llamilion 



duties of the clerk was to keep a registry of the mar- 
riages and births. The following are eopii s of ^niwc 
of these records : 

"TA.H,'r,Vcii.''ie/ ve /ir.;..i<in(/i .-l.iii.. l';S7. S.ininel Taylor and Kli^. 
abith Ward now Iheii marrie.l together, accopling to the good and laud- 
able rules an.i laws ..f the province of West Jarsey in Uiat case made, 
before Francis C.dlins, one of ye King s magistrates for ye county of 
Gloucester, and in the presence of John Richards, Phillis Ricliar.is. 
,Iamea Ward, Thomas Thackara. John Hugge. George Goldsmith, Jon.i. 
than Wood ,vc. 



'Jotix He 



fiecm-.l. 1 



We.<t . 



of John Burroughs and Jane bis wife of 
of Glocester, was born ye fourteenth day 



" Piori.icc 0/ 

"John Burn: 
Glocester Rivei 
of March, Anno 10S7. Eulr. yr. me 

"J..HX Rr.il.iN.;, Pr. 

■' Testis 

"John .Mthrool^' 

" T/.e fUtrcnih of Soctmhtr, Amio 16')7. This may certify whom ii 
may concern, that I, George Ward, of ye town of Vpb.n and county .v 
Gloucester, and Hannah Waynwright, of Woodbury Creek, have beei: 
published according to Lavv,and nothingappearing contraryin any wist 
to hinder them they have proceeded at a public place apptduted for thai 
purpose as fjUoweth : ye sd George 8tai:ding up and tiking ye ed TLtn- 
nah by ye hand saitli as followeth: I George W.ard, in ye presence o 
God and thisa.ssembly, take Hannah 'SVaynwrisUt to be my wife: prom 
ising tobealoueing Husband untill Death sepperate ; and She, ye »c 
Hannah, in like manner saith. I Uannali Waynwright, in ye presence 
of God and this Assembly, take George Ward to be my husband, promis 
ing to be a loueing fl'aithfull wife till Death sepperate. 



W.I 



mark 



Till 



"John Brown, Israel Ward, Will 
jn, It.aac Wood, Charles Crossthi 
ames Whit.ili, S.imuell Taylor, John Euno, Elizabeth Tatu 
annah Waynwright. 



a Ward, John 

it, John Ashbrook, Th 



Tiil/e 



<:orded 



' Lecemb.rr Sth, 16JT Enl 
' Testis ^o'm Renlim" 



•' By Tho. GiBIi 
and Kisorded pr. me 



Jii-ti-.-e- 



Miscellaneous Extracts from Court Records.— 
The subjoined iniiscellaneous e.Ktracts will be read 
with interest : 

"At a Court held at Red Bank on the tenth of ye Tenth month, loSo, 
the Grand Jury present the neglect of magistrates for theire not making 
a full Bench on ye first day of this instant, for which cause ye 0-,urt was 
yn adjourned till this present tenth day. 

".\tye court held at Gloucester (for ye jurisdiction thereof), on ye 
first day of ye fourth mouth. Anno ICsG, Divers Complaints being made b/ 
ye Grand Jury of ye great loss and damage which the C<iUnty suffers by 
rea3.jn of wolves, they, with ye concurrence of ye Bench, to encourage 
\e destroying of them doe order ye aeverall Treasurers within this 
county to pay ten shillings for every wolle's head, to them brouglit forth, 
of ye ellects of ye county tax ; and ye clerk is ordered to write paiicrs 
to publish ye same." 

December, 1701, the grand jury at the couit in 
Gloucester prcMuted 

'■ Thomas Wills, of Glouces 
alUo that John lloo and Geor 
bvtli-m killed. To which y. 



elling beer by wine measure, 
■eiicc b.,- paid for two Wolfe's hi 



June 1. 1702,— 

"The llonci, nil ,• Nitln 



his atrront, Abi 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



Ill 



:mil Jury Vi- sunuMif TccmSluIlinpi, aud 
, l.v w.iri-'of Diitross," 



IVo. 1, ITOi,- 



liah R-itf, for Sov.Tall Ooiit.-mptuo, 
.i„ usoil t.'war.ls yo lloticli, he 13 lii 
Kings, aii.l thai a warrt he given f.) 
1-,- he shall not make |iaymciit. 11 
) ve Bench, and desire of fforgefulne 



AAer the record for the term of .liine 1, 17i>o, the 
following entry ai>[)e:tr? : " Here i iul» thr Proiiriettiry 
(u)verumciit of ye Province of West Xew .Tarsie in 
Ainericii." 

Justices and Freeholders. — The first recorded 
iiiccting <if justices and freeholders was held on the 
" (hfth day of the Second niontli, called Aprill. Anno 
Domini 1715." The jnstices pre-ent at this meeting 
were Richard Bull, John Inskeep. George Lawrence, 
and John Rambo. The freeholders were John 
Kaighin, Peter Long, John Ladd, Jacob Clement, 
.foseph Cooper, Jacobus Collin, and John Shivers. 
The business transacted at this meeting consisted in 
providiiiu' for the building of a new prison aud court- 
house by a tax of eighty pounds, as elsewhere stated, 
to which was added fifteen pounds " flbr Wolves, 
Panthers, and Red Hb.\es.'' The sum of thirty pounds 
was ordered to be " Raysed," in 171C, for the same 
purjioses, and in 1717 the board ordered a tax of ten 
[jounds for compdeting the prison, twenty for wolves, 
panthers, and red foxes, and seventy for Timber 
Creek bridge. Assessors, collectors, and commission- 
ers were appointed to carry into effect the action of 
the board. 

Sheriff's Fees. — At the meeting on the 21st of 
Xovember, 1721, the following demands, among 
others, were audited and allowed: 



"flii-s! allowed unto ye sheriff ffor E.iocut 
6adrlle, .t Bra.=5 PistoU." 

•'Item to Josiah Kay, Sheriff, ffor the E) 
alias Logon, A- otiier ffees, the sum of t9 Ss." 



ing Jauies 3Iore, his hors 
ecution of Cliristian B,)ff, 



What was tlie crime for which the first sutTered the 
extreme penalty of the law does not appear ; the last 
had been presented Ijy the grand jury for " murther- 
ing her child." 

In the minutes of the proceedings of the board 
May 3, 1750, the tbllowing appears: 

"At 6-1 D.ard Sanii.L-1 U.irrison, Sheriff for ye County of 01ou.;c-ter, 
hronght in a Bill whereicv lie Charges ye County : 



To whipping James McBride 00 10 

Korhii liiiie in getting a wl;i]nT, .t whiper-s ferriages no 7 

To Kxef,:ting John Johnson, J.ihu Steward, JC Khenezer 

Car.,1 I-, ,xi 

For I'.opes to K.xiciitc tliem Oi 8 

To till- t.ieciitioners Expenses 1 iiO 

To IMg-ing Graves for sd ilen '<) li 

17 12 
"The Board, taking sd. Bill into Consideration, allow for ye Hope- 
liigii;g ye Gr..vc3, Hs-h ; i for y.i re=t aie of 0l.il.:..n y 1 it- ye .■>l...ril! 
Olllce to see ye Law K.teeuted noon Convicts, .V as they know no La' 
..t Inlitles him to any. Pay for ye ICiecntion of his Office in Irnch Ca.«i 
ihini; therefore it would Lo a ill Precedent, \ not warrentahl.- in the. 
to nil.jw «d Bill, or any of ye '.ike kind." 



Parliamentary Rules. — I'rom the following entry 

in 1722 it appe:iis that ipicstions concerning parli.i- 
nient:iry rules aro>e at the meeting of the freeiiolders 
and ju.>tices : 

■■ Wherea.^. a l>eliale hath a Ki.,eri what Should niake a Cerlaii: Ileci- 
sion m any matter or Ihiuiryt nii.:ht arise in dehate hefire the meeting 
oft" Justices .V- ffreehoMers. The Conclusion offlhis ineeling is that two 
olfthe three Justices, one being of ye ijuoruni. Together \silh ye major- 
ity of ye nrei-hidders, shall be sulluient to Confirm any matter 1 1 may 
he thought necessary to be P.^n." 

IMPORTATION OF PAUPERS. 
5Iaivh, 1734. "Whereas, it appears to this court that William Herril 
hath lately brought and imported into this County of Gloucester a cer- 
tain .Margaret Jane, :is a Servant to him. and it alsoai.pearing toyeCourt 
that ye sd Margaret is a weakly and Impotent person, and likely to be- 
come chargeable to this County, or to some Township within ye same, it is 
thereupon ordered by yc Court that ye same Wni. Ilerrii uo fontiwith 
give Security by way of Kocognizauce to carry a;u1 transport ye sd Mar- 
garet to ye place from whence he Ilnpiorted her,'" etc. 3Ir. Herri! gave 
hon.ls " that to morrow morning he will convey ye sd Margaret Jane to 
ye place frcui w hence he Imported her." 

Jan. 15, 17.36, tlie justices and freeholders ordered 

".Vbraham Chatten to receive ten shiilingj for tre.nin^ the wx.rkmen 
at building the work or watch house, and that John Kaiglin receive 
forty shillings for treating the said workmen." 

Tavern-keepers' Prices Prescribed.— The follow- 
ing ordinance will be read with interest, for it show.s 
not only tlie watchful care that was exercised to pre- 
vent extortion, but the manner in which people were 
entertaineil in ohien time : 

"AN ORDINANCE 
•' of the nt/^s oj Li'jnora and of Eatables fur JfaJi, and Provcnd'-r atid 
PafturefuT Hones, l- fct ojirti'.i and Aej)( !.;.■ aV the Public House Ke.j.ei s, Inn 
Ke:pers,or Taicrii Jveepera in llie county of Glouce.^er, for the following yeor — 
asfotioireth it ; 

■' Kverv Pint of M.ideia Wine 1 ii' 

Eveiv (,>uart Bowl of Punch, made of Loaf Suirar, and 

Cood Ituni. and tfresh Limes .'. 1 6 

Everv like Bowl of Piincli made with I.inie Juice 1 + 

Evei V iju.in of .Miral.o, made of Muscovado Sugar U 8 

Everv (Juart of M-.th,_'liu 1 

Every i;uart of Cvu-r J. oval U S 

Every ijuartol K.;^ Pooch 2 

Every ijuart of JUili Punch S 

Ever> ouart of Cyder, from 1st of September to 1st of 

Eroni thelstof .lan'v t.' ist of Sept'r u 4 

Kverv tjuaitof Mrong Beer 4 

Eveiv Jill of Br.mJv 6 

Everv Jill of other Cordial Drams .■> 

Every Jill of Kuiij._ :i 

:And s.j in propurlron for grcaterur smaller qnantitie.s 

of each soit.l 

Every Breakla.n t-r Tea, Coffee, or Chocolate S 

Every Breakfast <.f other victuals 6 

Every Hot Wiiner or Supper, jirovided for a single 

person, with a i'Sat of strong Beeror Cvder 1 

Every Hot Dinner or supper for a company, with a 

quart of Strong ftt^r or Cyder each 1 

Every Cold Dinner tu- Supper, with a pint of Strong 

Every Night's LoogTug, each person 3 

IIOESE-S, LTC. 

Stabling every hone each uight, and docer hajj enoujlt 3 

StabUng eaci; Nigtl, ar.d other Hav enough u 

Every night's P.i-!ure f,,r .i Hor.,e 

Every t'A-o quarts *>3 oats or Other Grain :i 

•Adopted at the Court of General Sessions and County Court .tc, 
' held at Gloucester the eijlith June Ann. Dom. 17J2." 

Township and County Boundaries Regulated, 
— (J\\ tlie Iota o! il.iy, 17i<i, iiJcharJ .Mdttock, Henry 
Wood, John llinchman, \Villiam Davis, James White- 
all, Joshua Lord, Francis Batten, and Jacob Splcer 
wore apiioiiilcd to deleniiine and tix ihe boundaries 



11: 



HISTORY OF GLOUCKSTER COUNTY. 



of tlio several towiisliips in tlio comity, .iccordiii<; to 
an act of Assembly, ami were authorized tu employ 
Samuel Clement, a deputy surveyor, to run the iine.s. 

At the meetinsr in Srptmibor of tlie same year they 
reported to tlie hoard that they had done this \vorl<, 
and presented to the board a maji of tlie same, certi- 
fied by Samuel Clement. This map was ordered to be 
placed in the oflSce of tlie eo\inty clerk, and in that 
of the secretary of Western Xew Jersey. 

A committee, consisting of Francis Battin, George 
Flannigan, and Thomas Denny, Esq., was appointed, 
in 1764, to join a like committee appointed by the 
board of justices and freeholders in Salem County, lo 
run and mark the line between the two counties, ]>ur- 
suant to an act of Assembly. Tliomas Denny was 
appointed surveyor for this purpose. This committee, 
in June, 1765, reported that they had accomplished 
this work as directed. 

In 1765 the justices and freehohlers ordered that 
the arms belonging to the county be divided into four 
equal lots and delivered, one lot to Jfdin Ilinchman 
and John Mickle, one to Samuel Harrison and John 
Rider, one to Alexander liandall and George Flan- 
nigan, and the fourth to Michael Fisher and John 
Sparks. These commissioners were directed to sell 
the arms delivered to them, and account for their 
doings to the board. This was iloiic, arul the proceeds 
were paid over to the county collector. 



CHAPTER XXVI. 



RO.^DS AND lUUPGE.-?. 



It is not practicable, within reasonable limits, to 
give a full history of the highways and bridges in this 
county which changing circumstances have necessi- 
tated within the last two centuries. Here, as in other 
regions, roads were constructed to supply the imme- 
diate apparent wajits of the people at the time, rather 
than to ineet possible or even probable future exigen- 
cies, and when once these highways were established, 
their influence in directing the sub-equeiit develop- 
ment of the region was potent. A few only of the 
earliest highways and bridges can be noticed here, 
and knowledge of these is limited to the meagre 
statements concerning them which are to be found in 
old records. 

It must be remembered that early immigrants 
came liere by way of the Delaware River, and that 
tlie first settlements were made on that river or on 
its navigable affluents. The first paths and roads, of 
course, were made from these into the -urrounding 
country in those directions in which the tide of set- 
tlement happened to flow. Tliese roads, in a short 
time, met each other and became thoroughfares be- 
tween the settlements, witli lateral brandies running 



from them, to be abandoned or changed, as circum- 
stances required, when the country became more 
thickly inhabited. Thoroughl'ares were, however, in 
some instances established between distant and im- 
liortant j^oints, or those whicli appeared likely to 
become impoitant. 

The Old King's Highway.— One of tho>e, the old 
King's Highway, leading iVom Perth Amboy. or Perth 
Town, as it was called two hundred years ago, to Salem, 
was first " surveyeiljset forth, and laid out'' in two sei>- 
arate and distinct sections or parts. The first, from 
Burlington to Salem, was directed to be laid out in 
the year 16*1 by the General .\s-endjly of the jirov- 
iiice of .lersey. at Burlington, while in a state of sep- 
aration I'rom East Jersey. The following is a copy (^f 
tlie act bv which it was authorized : 



" Bn il also fiirlhir amcled lij the atillf?ril; 


afon-s 


LI, tliat tlitr 


> shall be 


a bife-liw.iy euivf.vcl niia Stt furtli botwcc 


n Burl 


ugton ftlui S 


alem, the 


sauie to Ije li(>gun at or b'-fore llie first d:\ 


V of til 


e second mot 


th next. 



an,I tljat lueiuy in.ii in tlie whole ,-liall l.o ainviiited for said work, ten 
thereof from liiirlingloii auJ ten fr, m Salem." ' 

Between Burlington and Perth Amboy it was di- 
rected to be laid out in 16S8. The width of this great 
highway, as they called it at that time, w:is not men- 
tioned in the act, but that it was laid out and opened 
of the widtli of si.v rods there can be no doubt. The 
general law of the province of Xew Jersey, and after- 
ward of the State, recognized public roads of that 
width, that is, from fonr to su: rods, but in 1799 an act 
was passed " that every public road or Iiigliway which 
should hereafter be laid out. should not be more than 
four nor less than two rods wide," and the former 
regulation was repealed. This is the present law, 
though it was enacted in 1871 that a greater width, if 
the applicants desired it, should be specified in the 
application for the road. In 1S70 this was repealed, 
and public roads may not now be more than four nor 
less than two rods in width. 

Again, in May, 1799, an act to alter part of the 
public road in the township of Greenwich, in the 
county of Gloucester, leading from Woodbury to 
Salem, was passed as follows: 



Sal, 



" BsiCennclfl, de., that so 
rough the tract of lau-l h 
hereby vacated and made 
acted, that a road, Hx roda 
oad,l.et»een the said 
ind thence running a 
d jaid Thomas (Mark 
i west, fort\-four cha 
oad at Sanoiel Tonik 
ablished as a public highwa 
lacateij and made void." 



of the road called Salem Koad £ 
ag to Thomas Cbirk be, and tin 



Sal 



lid, provided neverthele 
n width, beginning i 
homai Clark's iioiise 
jngthe line between 
land south fifty-thre. 
13 and twenty links to the i 
is' line, shall be and tlie Sam. 
in the place and stead of th. 



the 



degr 



ditisfurtiK 
liddle of sai 



i and thirty 
iddle of said 



eby 



Tlie Legi-Iature at that time would not have passed 
the forcg'iing law to replace the forty-four chains and 
twenty links of king's highway vacated by a six-rid 
road, unless the whole of it had been laid out of that 
width. 

An act was passed, in 1 790, ajipoin ting commissioners 



I Lawn pa.-sed in West Jersey in ICil, [age 435. 



GKNKRAL lllSTORV. 



113 



t,i :iUcT, relay, and vacate a part of a si.r-ro'l road in 
Wiiuilbriiisrc townsliip, Middlesex County. The Legir- 
;,,iiiro would not have passed this act except tor the 
r,:i-(>n above given. 

'I!ie actual width of this old road in tlie city of 
Wcodluirv, and in the towns of Clark-boro and 
,-:vve.k'>b'iro, when the houses were erecteil on or near 
the bnundary of the street, was six rods; and in 
Swc'le^boro it is six rods by actual measurement. This 
rnad, having been laid by authority of the Council and 
tieneral Assembly of the State, could not be vacated 
or altered by any inferior power, until a law was 
p:i>>cd authorizing such roads to be vacated and 
allercd by surveyors of higliways appointed by tlie 
court. What the State had done or ordered to be 
done by the supreme power thereof could not be un- 
done except by the same power. 

.Although this road was, in 1799, declared unalter- 
able, it was, in ISiJl, made subject to the same laws 
tliat govern other roads. 

This road was subsequently altered and straight- ; 
cned. but it continued as a public highway till ISol, i 
w1k-u it was vacated, and became the Salem and 
Gloucester turupii^e. 

Action of Court concerning Roads and Bridges. 
— The following extracts from tlic minutes of tiie 
court, which was at first the legislative as well as the 
Judicial department of the county government, show 
at the same time what were some of the earliest roads 
that were established by authority, and how they were 
established. These extracts also show some of the 
earliest acts of the county authorities concerning ' 
bridges, the erection, rebuilding, and repair of which 
iiave ever since engaged a large share of the attention 
<if the county legislative board. 

The following entry appears in the court record for 
" the 14th day of April," 1687 : 

" Wljereas, there were several! persons suraoued to make the Ro.lde 
I'ttivixt Sak-m and Burli.igtuii, hy Wooly Dallio, one of the surveyors '■ 
"itliiri the lower Division of ye County of Gloucester, and these per- 
-oi!» following: Kefusin^ fir neglecting; toappe.tr, or doe their proportion 
of Iliat work, viz.: Slartin Holt, Edward E:5lini'toii, Thomas Matthews, 
ThoniM Gardiner, James Thomas, John l'o=t, and the occupyers of 
J.imes Sanderlin'= [.lantation, the Grand Jury did present, and with tlie 
lon-.ent and Concurenoe of the Court, liined each and every of the 
f'res.iid persons six shillings a piece, and the dark was ordered to give 
a warrant to leavy ye same by way of Distress," etc. 

In the record for the December term, lt3S7, it ap- 
]>ears that Francis Collins was engaged to build a 
bridge "over ye upper Draiich of Gloucester liiver;'" 
and at the same term 

"'■onipliynt being made to ye Grand Jury for ye want of sutficient 
IlridL-.-s in fiveteverall places in ye pt of ye Koad hading to Salem, 
wdi ought to be made go..d by .iudrew Itobeson Jr., and Wuoley Dalbo, 
;jv,:-rseers of ye Ilighwavs, wch Said persons ye Grand Jury doe present 
for tlitir jieiilect and default. Therein the Court orders that if ye 
Bridges be not pood, and ye way pas,sable without danger, on or before 
ye loih day of ye 2nd mouth ne.\t, the overs»ers shall be severely fyned 
a: ye discretion of ye court." 

From time to time the grand jury, "ye Bench as- 
senting," a]jpointed persons to construct or repair 
bridges or roads as aijpearcd necessary. 



At the June session of the court, in lG9(j, 

" the Grand Jury Present ye necessity of making Bridges marking and 
mending ye way leading towards great Kgg harbour. Proi«.se Jolin 
Uugg, Jr., Tiiomas Sharp, and Tho Gardiner, or any two of them, with 
all Convenient Speed to view ye sd Koad for about Ten miles from liloces- 
ter. In order to have ye same mended, marked Ac as above, and the 
pereonsdoeing yc sd work to be paid out of ye County Tax. To all 
which ye B-ncli assents." 

"James Sleelmau, Klected Overseer of ye Highways, to in irk and 
make the Ro.ad from Kgg harttour towards Glocester, and that he have 
jMwer to summon together ye Inhabitants of Egg harbour to ve pur- 
pose." 

■'John Ilopnian, elected overseer of ye high ways for ye Townshij. of 
Greenwich." 

June 1, 11)97, 

•• t!ie Grand Jury present ye necessity of a new Road to be laid out ami 
made Irom ye iTals of oldman's creek to ye mouth of Glocester Kiver, 
and so from Eliiii Ilngg's up to ye ol.i Koad. in ye most Convenient 
place.and order Andrew Kol.e5..n and Wm. Dalbje to lay forth ye same ou 
ye lower side of Gloster Eiver.and Thom,>s Sharp to se ye same Eftected 
from Ellas Hugg's up ye old Koade. To well ye Bench assents, and order 
ye performance of ye same with all convenient expedition." 

At the next court, in September of the same year, 

" the Grand Jury presel:t ye northerly Branch of Glocester River, and 
ye logg bridge in ye fork thereof. The Bench order a speedy repair of 



The road between Gloucester and Great Egg Harbor 
wa^ jiresented by the Grand Jury in September, li)9S, 
and the Bench ordered that it be repaired. 

The first record of a road established after the ter- 
mination of the proprietary government is as follows ; 

"Wee, whose names .are heare Subscribed, Commissioners for the 
Highways for this County of Glocaster, .it the Request of John Wood 
A divers Others of the Neighbours, have laid out a way for the use of 
the People in i about Dedford Township, and also others that may have 
Occasion for ye same, beginning at a marked Pine S.ipliug Standing by 
the Path which Conies down from the Widow Laicons to John Woods 
howse, which sd marked Pine Saplin Stands about half amile from .Tohn 
Woods howse; from thence Eastwardly through the woods in a direct 
line as neare as Conveniently will allow, avoiding the Swamps and low- 
wet grounds, to ye out Side of Henry Tbreadw.ais Cleared Ground, and 
so to afiiSt landing upon the branch of Woodbury Creek, called Jlattliews 
bis branch, where Wiis formerly and nov/ mu.^t be made a bridge Over 
the Said branch, and Caseway through ye Swamp to the fast land on ye 
Other Side ye branch ; from thence in a direct line to ye outward Corner 
of Thomas Nixons field, and So .\loiig ye Outride of ye s.aid tielJ straight 
into ye Queens Roade, neare Debtford Briilge, which said Way is to be 
Sixteen ffoot wide. 

"Dated this 8lh da\' of "Signe.1: Willji Waknf.r, 

august, 17(i.«. 3I.VT. MtDC.ilVE." 

At the first recordei.i meeting of the justices and 
freeholders, April 0, 171o, 

" the Managers Chose for the Rebuilding of Timber Creek Bridge are 
Constintine Wood and Willi.mi Harrison, and to make itt in Breadth, 
from outside to outside. Eleven (foot, the Sleepers i Campseils to be 
made of Good wliite oako. Got in a propj.re Seate, and to Jutt over as is 
neces.sary to Rayle ye bridge in of Each SyJe." 

After this date the care of highways and bridges 
was exercised by the board of justices and freeholders 
till 1798, when tlie freeholders became the legislature 
of the county. 

Jan, C, 1724. " Ordered by the Said Court, upon application made by the 
ii|iper part of ye Township of Greenwich, that ye order for rebuilding of 
their p.irt of Manto Creek Bridge he Sett aside; ami that the Inhab- 
itants aforesaid be allow.;d to do it by day Labour a.* r,.rmerly. Provided 
they do it with what i-peed may be, and ac-oi.ling t; ye Deuieutiona 



114 



HISTOllY OF GLOUCKSTKll COUNTY. 



agreoil u|Hin By y ovcrsi-iTS, Jiistici-s, Ffrei'lioUioi^", au.l Survfjora. liu'lt 
togellicr for timt luiriwso nt Tljo llniiso of Ki.lvri nornir.ls, a cupy of 
well Slevfii Ji.iics iin.l John Youiis «ro to l.o Si-rred with, ari.l lliiH yo 
Tax Lcvyeil for yo d,.iiis »ni.l w.ii k Iik .Imppcl, aii.l llioy Hint liaro |«i,l 
the same le Keimburst-d." 

Managers were :it in:iny clill'oiL'nt timc-i appdiiited 
for the repair ot' bridires, espeei.iUy Tiniber Creek 
bridge, and tinjillv, at the ineeliiig Jan. l."", ITo'J, 

"SilQil. llarrbon »t Geo. Ward, who «vre at ye Last nieetius apudiitod 
nmnagens to repair Groat Tiad.cr Creel; ]'.rid.-e,..n viewiiis ye "i liridge 
find it not to lie in a Condition to lie repaired, but tliat it ninst be Re- 
built; and therefore the Board order that the .*uni of one hundred ,v 
sixty Pounds be Kaised for ye Building ye sd Brid-e, i for the Country's 
use, and that ye sd Sum be Levied us follows," etc. 

Great Timber Creek bridge was often repaired by 
ori3er of tlie freeholders, and in 1773 it was rebuilt at 
a cost of £202 Is. Id. Tlie commis.sioners or man- 
agers for rebuilding it were John Hinehniaii, Isaac 
Mickle, Joshua Lord, and Jose|)h Hugg. 

In 1794 the sura of one hundred and fifty pounds, 
in addition to fifty pounds directed by law, was a])- 
propriated for "laying out and clearing the publiek 
road directed by law to be laid out from Wnodhury 
to Bridgetown;" also thirty-five pounds for similar 
work on the Mount Holly road. In 1795 live hun- 
dred pounds were ordered to be collected in the town- 
ships of AVaterford, Xewtown, (rloucestertown, Dept- 
ford, Greenwich, and Woolwich for expenditure on 
the same roads. 

Seven hundred pounds were ordered to be raised, in 
1798, to be expended on the road from \Voodbury to 
Bridgeton and Roadston in Cumberland County. 
The commissioners for opening this road were Aaron 
Paucoast, Thomas Carpenter, and Joshua L. Howell. 
In 1799 the proprietors of the lower bridge over 
Raccoon Creek relinquished their claim to the same, 
and the bridge, by the action of the freeholders, was 
accepted as public property. 

These few extracts from the proceedings of the 
court, and afterwards of tlie board of frecliolders, 
are sufficient to show what was the system of man- 
agement of roads and bridges in early times. It is 
not practicable to make further mention here of par- 
ticular roads or bridges. ]S'o striking change or 
improvement in highways was made during many 
years. Tlie character of tlie soil was sucli that if 
roads were much used it was difficult to transport 
heavy loads over them, by reason of the depth to 
which the sand became loosened. 

Turnpikes. — Aljout the year lS-50 what lias been 
termed the '' turn|>ike mania" began to prevail, and 
within a decade many toll-roads were built in the 
county. These roads soon came to be regarded will; 
great favor by the people, beeaujje of the greatly im- 
proved facilities for travel and transportation which 
they afforded, and in many caries the public highway-. 
were vacated, and the right of way was freely givi-n 
to turnpike companies. 

In 1849 the board of freeholders adojited a reso- 
lution 



"to give bitlio Mntlua Hill an. 1 \V Ihury Turnpilce Co. all the County 

briiPjes, and the material therein cuiitaine.l, whieh may bo uiwn the 
road now about to l.o constructed by said Comi>aDy belween Mullica 
Ftill and Woo.ll.nry witl.ont any charso and expense." 

In lS-"i() the board of freeholders adopted the fol- 
lowing preamble and resulution : 

" Wnr.liKAS, The Legislature of this State has recently passed several 
haws incorporating Turnpike coiir,anie3 in the Counly of Gl..uces(<'r, au- 
thorizing .«aid companies to cotistruct turnpike or plank roads on public 
highways in said county, uix>n their being vacated aceordinj; to law 
and whereas, this board are of tlie opinion that the interests of the 
County will thereby be relieved from the c.vpeuse of maintaining the 
bridges upon said roads: 

" Therefore, Resolvfd, That this boar.! do hereby agree to give to ths 
Woodbury and Gloncester Plank road and turnpike company all the 
County Bridges, and material therein contained, wliich may be upon 
said road, as shall be turnpiked or planked, without any charge there- 
f.jr. Provided, however, that if the said company (from any c.aiisel shall 
not continue in operation, that then the county bridges on said road 
shall revert to and become the property of the county, the ah.ive grant 
being made upon this condilion; and ahso provided, that the sai.i com- 
pany pay the expense lately incurred repairing the Truss Bridge over 
Gre.at Timber Creek, or that part belonging to the County of Glon- 

Iii l.S.'il the >ame «ith reference to the bridges on 
tl'.e Salem and Gloucester Turnpike Company's road. 

Th.e Red Hank and \Voodbury Turnpike Company- 
was chartered, and the road Iniilt, in 1S4S. four miles 
in length; tiie Mullica Hill and Woodbury turnpike, 
eight miles in length, in 1849; and in lS-").3 a supple- 
ment to the charter of the first authorized tlie e.xten- 
sion of it through Woodbury, so as to connect the 
two. The efrect of the construction of these roads 
was to enable farmers to carry seventy to one hundred 
baskets of produce at a load, where before they were 
limited to about thirty. 

The Gloucester and .'^aleni turnpike was soon built 
from Woodiiury to Woodstown, through Berkeley, 
Clarksboro, and Swedesboro. as was also the Cilouces- 
ter City turnpike, which was first a plank road, and 
afterwards was converted into a graveled road. The 
evident utility and success of these roads induced the 
construction of many others, some of which, continue 
to be operated :is toll-roads, while others have be- 
come public highways. Of these last it may truly be 
said that what was a loss to the companies was a 
gain to the iniblic. 



C H A P T E R XXVI I. 

I'LtBI.IC BUlLDIMi.^. 

Thi-: first action for the erection <.f any public 
builditigs taken by the county authorities, which 
tlien consisted of the grand jury and "ye bench," 
was at a court held on the 2d day of December, 10S9, 
between three and four years sul,se.|uent to the or- 
ganization of the county. 

First County Prison.— The grand jury did at that 
tiine, in due form, 



GHNKUAL HISTOUV. 



115 



-,.,.^enl JO County of 01m,o«lor for tl>,-ir not ere.-tins ^ commo.i 
j.^lf f.T tl,c scaiiiug of prUm,..r8,- wW-ronp..,. - D„..i.'l K.';ulius .."■ 
j,n»Vts lo build « KOule or log(;housi' of tiftoon or fixtPfU loot s.puire. 
r.i.l J he in.'iy imvo ono I.ott of I.aml conveycil to him and his 
l,,lr» forever; and yo sd house to serve for a prison till yo county mnkes 
."c.minon ceole, or until ye 8.1 lojije house shall with aire be destnjyed 
,.r lii.vlo insufficient for that puriwse. And Wni. Koydcn undertakes to 
iTU'ev ye lolt, he being paid tliiee pounds for the Bame at or bef .re ye 
n»xl cinirle." 

Second Prison and First Court-Kouse.— The 
•■ liio-o house" thus provided was uied as a jail till 
Ueceiuber, 1695, when it was 



1 tlie IT 



.l.ii.gt 



iirdered that a prison he with all 
I f.-ft long, twelve feet wide iu tli< 
le of log,-3. with a llo.jr of loggs, abt 
u the mid.ile 



ivenieut expedition built >ix- 
lar, and eight foot high, to b.j 
and hiloiv, covered with cedar 



! a pa 



Till tlitit time the courts had been held at taverns 
or private houses; but on the 1st of June, IGPij. tlie 
Iirecedino; order was changed so as to require 

•■a prison of twenty foot long and sixteen wide, of a suflicient height 
un.i strength, made of loggs, to l.e erected and builded iu Gloucester, 
with a C.iurt House over the same, of a convenient height and largeness, 
covered of and with cedar shingles, well and workmanlike to ho made, 
and with all Convenient expedition finished. Matthew Medcalfe ami 
John Reading to be overseers or agouti to lett the same ..r see the 
said buildings done and performed iu manner aforesaid, they to have 
money for carrying on of the said work of the last county tax." 

The followiug entry on the record appears under 
date of the 5th of October, 170.S: 



,\l|s.. it isairreeil by this m. 
ig defective, fhaU be pulled IK.wn to ye b 
same fountiation, with goCKi fresh IJme 
■is. Willi corner Chimneys at Kach End, 
h tfnnuell, to prevent Escapes, A ptilion 
nk, .X? allso a house of office, each Prissou made in ye man; 
I with brick six IToot Peep ,v boarded for yt. purpose. Togetl 



n as it is now built, 
lll.v.r, A Rebuilt Ul«n 
,n.i. yeSame higlit it 
barrel with Iron in 
Mid.ile of ihrec inch 



rof ! 



ith 



ilh 



id I). 



Ihe better 



"We, the Gran.i .tury for tlie county of Gloucester, being melt to- 
gether at Gloucester to consider of the present imergaticies of the same, 
doe consider itt necessary that an addition be made to the Prison and 
Count House in tlie manner folI..wing, viz.: Th.at it joyne to the south ! 
end of the ould one, to be made of st.3iie and brick, tw-elve foot in the : 
cleare, and two story high, with a stack of chimn.\vs joyning to the ould 
house, and that itt be uniform from ye foundation to the Court House." 

To defray the expenses of this improvement the 
grand jury levied a tax of one shilling upon every 
hundred acres of land, for every horse and mare more 
than three years old sixpence per head, for neat cattle 
two pence for each, three shilliugs for eaeh freeman 
iu service, and three shillings for each negro over 
twelve years old, 

" to be paid in current silver money, or C'-rn, or any other c.j'jntiy pro- 
duce, at money price, to be delivered aud brought in to t!ie county treas- 
urer at his duelling house." 

Second Court-House and Jail. — Pride crept in 
among the jjeople, and they were not long s:^ti^ried 
with their public building.s, even after they had been 
improved. On " the fifth of the second month, called 
April," 171o, it was resolved by the justices and free- 
holders to build 

•'igoal twenty four foot long in the cleare, and the wall in the full 
height from the foundation nine foot high and two foot thick, well done 
with g.xid mortar of lime and sand. .\nd lo lay the upper and under 
Ooora with the planks of the old prison, to make a go.3d r.>of to it, and 
necensary djurs and windows. And to remove the court house where 
the new prison is to stand, and to repayve the same as shall be needful." 

This new county capitol wa.s finished in 1719, but 
for .some reason it was not satisfactory to the justices 
and freeholders, who, in December of that year, con- 
tracted with Abraham Porter and William Harrison 
as follows: 



■• A C.ort house bnilt upon it of well burnt Brick, ami h.alf lliick wall, 
I.ai.ie in Good Lime A- Sand, nine f...ol in the hight, A P.ayre ..f Substan- 
tiaU Stone Slayers at ye East iusi.le, of Hewn Stoue of f!onr foot Long 
with a peddimcut over them, two transom w indows, on ye South Side a 
caseuieut. Iu Each w indow the Lights agreeable to ye building, one of 
the Same Kiu.Ie on ye North fide, .C a c;isement, a Large IT.jl.Uug Poor- 
case, A- IV-.ors with Lights over it at the head ..f the slayei-s for an En- 
tiance, the walls of the Court house well plaistered .t whitewasht, the 
Lower fflors of the Court house well joyced planked upon them, .v: a 
ffloor of inch boards, well Plained i Nailed down upon them the ffloor 
above ye Joyces of Pine, Plained on b.-alh sides, with inch boards, a 
Payer of Slayers up iu to the garret, and a window in Each Gable End 
well Eooft i- Shingleii .t to Jutt over a foot on Eiich Side i t.. be Con- 
sidable Sett of under the Eves A Gallery at the Weslt End from Side to 
Side well Palled with Stayers at Each End, A table ,S: Bar Failed yt it 
may Sufficiently accomod.ate the Justices. Clerk, Atturneys, -t Jurya, 
allso to finde Gl.i.ss. nailes Iron Work, Locks, hinges, i to finish the 
whole Building as is Convenient i Suitable to such a work, and yt all 
the timber Except boards A ye upi.er Joyce of the Court house be Good 
wliite oak. It is allso Conclude.l yt this meeting is a.ljourned until the 
first day of the Sixth Month next, to meet at Gloucester, then i there 
to Inspect the work Don, A to allow or disallow ye same according as it is 

If this house was not satisfactory it was certainly 
not for lack of " plans and specifications.'' 

First Stocks and Whipping-Post.— A desire for 
the maintenance of good order was manifested by the 
■ county Legislature, as appears by the following entry 
in the clerk's book, about this time, of a further pro- 
vision for the punishment of malefactors: 

'' It is agreed t.y this meeting that a payer of substantial stocks be 
erected n^ar tlie prison, with a pH:.st at eacli end, well fixed ami fastened, 
with a hand cuff iron att one end of them for a whipping-post." 

In 1736 the board ordered the addition of a yard, a 
watch-house, a work-house, and a pump to the public 
property. Xo further material improvements aiipear 
to have been made to the lo'jil house. That the court- 
house was never ver_v comfortable appears by the fol- 
lowing minute, made Dec. 19, 1721 : " Proclamation 
being made, the Court of Common Ple.as is afljourned 
to the house of Mary Spey, by reason of the crjld." 

At the meeting held on the 27th day of the first 
month, 1722, the following resolution wa.s adopted: 



■nth . 



•of ye 



" WiirEE.is, by a minute olT this Biard, date.l ye ih 
Second month. Anno Domini, 1719, Abraham Porter and William Har- 
rison was ap(«3ynted managers ffor Buildimj ye Prison & Court house, 
under ye Pennalty off fiifty Poun.ls Each in ye uon Performance off tire 
sa.jie, which they att ylt time Couseuled and agreed to, being ytt mem- 
bers off the Same Boddy, aud the Wurk as yett Lying i not Compleated ; 
Ordered yl Thomas Siiarp, if they neglect ye Perfecting ofl' itt by ye 
tv.enty-Eightli of ye third month next, shall Prosecute them the sd. 
Manuigtrs ff.ir their D.;rTect uppon yt acciunt, or otherwise a Prosecu- 
tion shall bo Proceeded in against ye sd. Thomas Sharp for Paying ye 
third and hist Payment before itt became due." 

At the meeting on the fiftii day of the fourth month, 
1722: 

" The or.ler against Abrahi 
Sharp, by ye 



St Me 



rid Willia 
i-hing ye 



i St. 



no 



HISTORY OF glouc]:sti:r county. 



stayed', Itfsrit.'d imtill ve ni-xt oonrtt, l.ut when ffinislic.l wliolsly to Ls 
Sot! a Si.le." 

It appears fiom the iiiinutos of the board of justices 
and I'reehoklers tliat re]>airs of the iirismi ami court- 
house were frequently ordered, and coniuiissjouers or 
nianajrers were aiipoiiueil to carry into ctlect these 
orders. 

The follouinjr entry appears under tiie date June 
15, 1731'.: 



aii.i slsoii Wurkhii 


se L.e 


iMill 


am 


erected b 


efore tb 


Iroi 


tor tbe Tr 


sun 


&t Gl.MlCP-I 


er, lli.it i 


on 11 


es.M 


th 


ideofsd. 


PriHin, : 


ml a 


soacelbir 


tlic 


whnle l.igl. 


■ss of th 


e walc 


IlIk.i 


S-, 


ind also a 


well to be .<! 


nlc within 


the 


said .v»r,I, a 


nd.ir.n 


ip to 


i-t 11 


er, 


n. Tbe > 


ard, wa 


clib. 


nse, an.l w 


ilk 


house to be 


ereoted 


ind In 


iltn 


cc. 


dins to ye 


Denien 


ions 


of a Draft I 


lat 


is lodged w 


til tlie c 


erko 


f llii 


B^ 


ard.- 










-An.lth 


tHiesu 


noft 


vo h 


rl.l 


red pound 


be rais 


dfo 


defiaying 


the 



charge thereof in tbe manner following." elc. 

At the meeting, July 10, 1750, it was 

"agreed yt ye Prison be enlarged 10 foot in ye Cleare into ye Road, 
ye Walls to be sunk three foot into ye Ground, to be 2' _. font thick, ,v a 
Partition carried up ye fir>t slory.ye Iloar to be I'ilcbod Willi long stone, 
two foot deep, filled up with niorter, i lloared over yt with two inch 
Plank.' 

Samuel Cole was manager to see the addition built 
" as soon as conveniently may be." At the next meet- 
ing it was ordered that the whole prison be " floared 
over in ye same manner as ye new." 

In January, lj''"i2, the same managers were ordered 
"to Erect it Build a p;iir of Stocks and a Whijipiiig 
Post." 

In March, 18o3, the managers were ordered to pur- 
chase for the court-liouse a nesv bell of one hundred 
pounds weight, and " dispose of ye old one to help 
pay for ye same." 

The erection of new stocks and whipping-post w.as 
ordered in 1774, and Joseph Ellis was appointed 
manager to erect them. 

In 17S2 certain repairs to the court-house ami jail 
were ordered, and such repairs to the county-house as 
to make it tcnalde. 

County-House. — The first mention of a county- 
house in the minutes of tbe justices and freeholders 
was June 10. 1765, when William Hngg and Samuel 
Harrison were allowed .£62 16s. '2d. for materials, 
workmen, wages, and commis.sions in repairing the 
same. Again, in 1770, repairs were ordered. AVhere 
this county-house was located, or what were the regu- 
lations, if any. concerning it. does not appear. 

Court-House Injured by Fire. — In the justices' 
and freeboklers' minutes for Feb. S, 177S, appears the 
following : 

" WUEEEAS, by the axedint of fire, llie F-oof uf tbe Courthcuse is Burnt 
of, and other Daniag .3 Done to ye sd bouse, it is OrJei.d By the B..rd 
thatall Xesciy Itenlials lie Purchesed, and all Xesery Itepairs he made 
to the Court hou^e and .lail in or near the manner it was Before the 
Coutunition by the bd tire, with all CoiiTenienl Speed; and accordingly 
Isaac Mickle and James Hinchuian is apinted Managare to Purcnes 
5tetearal3 and Hier Workmen, and Sec the work is Done," etc. 

Court-House and Jail Burned. — From time to 
time, after tliat date, repairs were ordered, till, in 
March, 1786, the following entry aj'pears : 



"The Question w.is we:ilber the (.\,urlhonse .\ goal Lately C^nsanied 
by lire should be Ko].;ur.-d. or weather a Petition he sent to the Logis- 
l.uure fora law tohe I'assid to enable the Inlmbitanli to build a new 
I'olirlli.nlse .t Goal. The rotes being called there was a miijorily for 
having tbem Buill new. It was then agree.! I,y the Board That a peti- 
tion should be sent from so Hoard praying ihe Legislalnre To pass a law 
for Ihe Building of al'ourtliouse * Goal In such place in sd county iis a 
miijorily of the Inbabilants thereof shall Delerniine by » free and im- 
partial Klectiou— Ibal sd Petition be Drawn ininiedialoly. and signe.l l,y 
III.- Cb'rk on behalf of the boanl— which was done accordingly. • 

\Vlien tbe lire alluded to occurred is not known, luit 
it is believed to have taken )>lace early in Marcli, 17m). 
Aug. 3, 17S6, James I'.rown. .lohn Jes;i[i. and .'-^aniiiel 
Hugg were appointed managers " to agree witli work- 
men and purchase materials for the building of the 
Goal and Court house at Woodbury;" a tax of 
£ltiS 6.<:. Srf. was ordered to defray the expense. 

Location and Erection of the Present Court- 
House. — It is presumed that an election had been 
held, and that Woodbury had been selected as the 
county-seat, though no record of such action exists. 

At a meeting held for the jnirpose, Sept. 29, 1786, 
the board 

" l>roceeJeJ to the Choice of a lot for the use of a Courthouse ,v Go.il, 
when John Bisphani offered a lot four Kods front and fifteen Kods Back 
for the purpose afsil ; the vob-s w here then called whither the tioard l:.\- 
cept of s* OtTer yea or nay — vbich was Callc.l accordingly ,t unani- 
mously Kxcepted. 

"Ordered that James Wilkins, John WilUins f;si,. .v Joseph Reeves 
be a committee to see the lot laid out and take a Peed therefor. 

•'Ordere.l that the Goal be Built tbe same >ize of S.ilein Goal, and the 
Courthouse be 35 feet by 40 feet, and the yard IIKI feet in length." 

At a special meeting held Pec. 6, 1786, the man- 
agers were instructed to pay fifty pounds for the lot. 
and it was ordered that fifteen hundred pounds be 
raised " for the purpose of building the Court house 
and Goal." Tliis ^um was increased May '.I, 1787, to 
seventeen hundred pounds. An additional sum of 
five hundred pounds ivas ordered at a special meeting. 
.\pril 2, 17SS, to complete the court-hou^e. The jail 
bad been reported nearly finished. May 14, 17SS, the 
managers were ordered to procure, and hang on the 
court-house, a suitable bell. Additional sums were 
ordered from time to time as the work progressed. 
When a final settlement was made with the managers, 
.Jolm .Tessup, Samuel Hugg, and James iJrown, on 
the 19th of June, 1790, it was found that the cost of 
the court-house and jail had been more than twelve 
thousand dollars. 

May 9, 1792, furniture was ordered for the court- 
house, including among other articl-.-s " two sets and- 
irons, shovels it Tongs." At tbe same time provi^ion 
was made for the erection of " Stocks, whippingpost, 
and [liilory, to be placed at the discretion of the man- 
ager," .lohn Je>su].. 

The andirons, shovfds, and tongs, included in the 
furniture of the court-house, were articles that are now 
seldom seen, except in museums of antiquities, and 
to those who have reached the age of threescore and 
ten years they are suggestive of the " blaj-ing hearlh" 
of their youthful days. The mention of the stocks, 
wl)ipi)ing-|)ost, and jiillory calls up reflections on 



(iHXEl'.AL TIISTORY, 



117 



llic times when " the nid lor tlie I'oi.lV back" \v;is tlie 
:u-i-('|'U'il diH'triiio. aii'l wlicii idicH-y w.i-; IkUov.'iI (o 
l,o iiiiiri' widely prevalent than miw. Tnldie stncks 
were at;aiii onlereil to lie erected on the county lot in 

In IS.'i^ an alteration wa-< made in the court-house 
bv rcniovinir a jiortion ol' the rear or west wall, and 
creetinfr a semicircular recess for the better accommo- 
dation of the bench, and for the enlargement ol" the 
court-room. Some changes were at the same time 
made in the interior of the court-room. The cost of 
these im]irovements was seven hundred dnllar.>. 

E.Kcept these improvements, and some uiduiportant 
changes in the rooms in the second story, the interior 
of the house remains as wlien it was built. The stone 
steps, columns, etc. in front, were added many years 
since, and the belfry aud steeple have been more than 
once rebuilt. In ISoO a comiuittee was appointed " to 
•ret a plan for and superintend the erection of a new- 
steeple or belfry u]ion the court-house," aud they were 
directed to " have it so constructed as to accommodate 
a town clock, should the inhabitants of Woodbury 
and vicinity feel disposed to place one iu it at their 
own expense." 

Th-e question of a new and more commodious ami 
tasteful court-house is under considerati(jn, and not 
many years will elajjse before thi? venerable structure, 
which has survived several trenerations, will pa.ss 
away, as did the jail that >tood just in the rear of it 
till the completion of the new jail. 

County Prison. — On the ISth of February, 1S75, a 
eonijuittee of the board of freeholders, consisting of 
Cliarles S. Knisell, Edmund Jones, John Pierson, 
Benjamin F. Sickler, and John M. Saunders, was ap- 
pointed to visit prisons '' for the purpose of ascertain- 
ing a proper plan for a prison for this county, with 
I>o\ver to employ an architect to draught a plan," etc., 
and to make an estimate of the cost of a new jail. 
At a meeting in May this committee reported plans 
as instructed. No further action in the matter was 
then taken. 

At the annual meeting: of the freeholders. May 9, 
b^77, the following preamble and resolution were 
adojited: 

"Wliereas, Thejuiig.sof tlie Court, at the Apiil teim, liiouglit before 
'III- grand jury tlio comiition of our county jail, anil ci,Mi.,urcJ tlio 
l"i.iril of frceholJeri of the county for keqiing sucli a nuisance, and ro- 
•lii.«led tlic grand jury lo take cogni7jiuce of the same, and that, after 
a careful examination of the same, said grand jury recnmniendeJ tliat 
this lio.ir.l take the matter under consideration ; tliore.'ore, 

" /.'e-olivj, That we Luild on the county lot, in Woodliuiy, a new jail, 
"ith adweUing-honse attached for the use of the sherilT or jailer, witli 
a i.l;erifl-8 office attached, jujt to cost more tliau fifteen thou»anil dol- 
lars." 

John Pierson, .Jonathan }I. Smith, and Charles S. 
Knisell were appointed a committee to |irocure plans 
and specifications for the building. 

<->n the 24th of tlic same month this cominittee re- 
ported plans, etc., furnished by Stephen D. Button, 
for the building, svliieh is of atone ; and by Royer 



Biiithers, of Philadelphia, for the iron cells, the prob- 
able cost of the whole to be si.-cteen thousand five 
hundrcil dollars. The plans were accepted and adopteii. 
and an .idililional aiiproiiriation of three thousand 
dollars lor the purpose was made. The-e appropria- 
tions were from time to time supplemented by others, 
making the total aggregate of twenty-two thousand 
dollars, including the cost of the iron cells, doors, 
windows, gratings, etc. John Pierson, Charles S. 
Knisell. Joiuithan H. Smith, Abijah S. Hewitt, and 
Martin Madden were aiipointed a committee to su- 
perintend the erection of the jail. Except the iron 
cells it was built by day labor, under the immediate 
supervision and directioii of this committee. It was 
completed aud occupied in the winter of 1S77-78. 

It is built of stone from quarries in Chester, Pa., 
laid in nibble-work (irregular!, with dressed face, 
]iointed with cement, and brownstone trimmings. 
The dwelling has a front of forty-two feet aud a 
depth of forty-seven. In the re;ir of, and joined to 
this, is the prison, thirty-eight by tifty feet, with 
walls two feet in thickness and twenty-five feet in 
height. The floor of tlie prison is of broken stone 
and cement, three feet thick, and solid as a rock. 
On this floor stands a block of cells, twenty-eight ia 
number, built of cast iron, each i>late being three- 
fourths of an inch in thickness, aud all joined to- 
gether as butt-hinges, and securely bolted from top 
to bottom. Each cell has a length of seven feet, a 
width of four feet si.\ inclies, and a height of eight 
feet ; and in each are iron ventilating columns, which 
connect with the smoke-stack or laige chimney, and 
aiford perfect ventilation. 

The ceiling of the prison is of :^olid cast-iron plates, 
three-fourths of an inch thick, rendering the prison 
absolutely fire-proof. Over the block of cells are 
four boiler-iron tanks, having an aggregate cajiacity 
of ten thousand gallons. \S'ater is conducted into 
these from the roofs of the prison and dwelling, and 
an ample supply is thus afforded for bathing, closet 
drainage, etc., all of wdiich is carried six hundred and 
fifty yards through an eight-inch teri-a-colta pipe 
:tnd discharged into Woodbury Creek. The aggre- 
gate weight of the iron used in the con.-truction of 
the cells is more than ninety-five gross ton-', and the 
prison is considered a model of workmanship. The 
county has no debt. 

Clerk's and Surrogate's Offices.— Xov. 24, 1797, 
Joshua Howell, Phineas Eord, John Blackwood, John 
Brick, John E. Hojikins, and John Thorn w-ere made 
commissioners, and authorized to 

"liurchase a lott of ground {^^ill!in the To.iii of W-oodl,ury,i on hehalf 
of the County, aud to erect thtreoD, or cau^e to he erecleJ, a -uitahle 
Uuildiug for the keeping safe the records of the County, and such other 
records as now is and may ho recorded in the Clerk's office for th- 
county of Gloucester." 

May 9, 1798, these commissioneis presented to the 
board a jjlaii, which was adopted, and they were oi- 



lis 



IIISTOKY OV GL0rci:STlCi: COUNTY 



dercd to cnniplcto the building as soon as convenient. 
The i.lan was 

"io ft. 4 ill. I..V ■;» foot, ;iii luvlio.i Sollar iiii.kT tlio « Imlo, Ii....r posts 
and window fninies Slono, lM.ii> ni.d wiiijow slKilti re in.ii.BiMl the l;L«if 
to be covered wiiti coppoi." 

An appropi-iation of uni^ tliiiusanil pouiul^ was niade 
Jan. S, IT'.i'.l, lor the erection ol' this buildiIl^^ Tlie 
coniniissiouers had purchased a hjt t'or that purpose 
from Isaac and Kachel Wilkiiis. 

The office was erected according- to tlic foretroing 
specifications, and it still stands, on the oast side of 
Broad Street, between Cooper and Hunter Streets, 
having uudergoue no change since its erection. In 
the transom the words " Clark's Office" were carved. 
The fi in Clark's has been partially obliterated and e 
cut in its place by some modern vandal. Since 1S20 
it lias been the surrogate's office. 

In January, 1799, "was proposed to this Board tor 
consideration the proprietyofan Iron Chest of wnvight 
Iron being purchased for the County Collector, the 
more safely to keep the money of sd County" ; there- 
fore, "Ordered that the Cutinty CoHeitor be autlior- 
ized to purchase one." The chest ])rocured under 
this order has long since ceased to be used. It now 
lies in the attic of the court-house, along with other 
relics of " ye olden time." 

Present Clerk's Oifice.— At a sj.ecial meeting of 
the freeholders held on the 24th of February, 1.S20, it 
was 

"Ordered that James Matlack, Jul) Br.iwn, Ji.iepli liiiign, Josepli V. 
Clark, iiud Jusepl) R'-gers be st committee to procure ni;ite:i.i]5, employ 
mechanics, and build a Sui rotates oihce on the County lot on the west 
side of Woodl)nry street, and that the same be l-uitt, not to exceed 
thirty-one feet in Debtli, and twenty-four feet in wiitli, and of the best 
materials that can lie procuied, one Kooni of which to l-e made com- 
pleatly fire proof, And that thoy talie Down the lielcony House and apply 
the Brieves and other materiaN it: the erecting the said otflce. .\li0 to 
level tlie Public lot, and cause to be removed from the same all bnildimrs 
not belonging to the county, and fence said lot, and the sum of Two 
Tliousaud Dollars is appropriated to that service." 

In May of the same year this committee reported 
that the building was completed, at a cost of $3133.95 ; 
and that the old hou=e had been removed, and the lot 
fenced and leveled, at an ex;)ense of s-'314.SS. An ad- 
dition to the county lot of nearly three-fourths of an 
acre had been purclia-ed, three yoar.i previously, Irom 
John Keen. 

In 1S21 the board of freeholders directed that the 
county clerk and surrogate exchange offices, and 
transfer their records and papers on or before the first 
day of October in that year. 

Addition to the Clerk's Office. — In 1*73, John J. 
Estell, C. B. Leonard, and C. C. Pancotist, the stand- 
ing committee of the board of freeholders on public 
property, and John M. Saunders, director of the board, 
and James Moore, clerk, were made a committee to 
build an addition to the clerk's office. 

The work was done under the su|iervision of John 
M. Saunders; and the addition consists of tin exten- 
sion from the real of twenty feet. The walls are of 



brick, eighteen inches in thickness ; the beams are of 
iron, the roof of tin. and the lloor of tiles. The win- 
dow-frames are of stone, and the shutters and doors 
are of iron, mtiking the structure lire-proof. It wa-~ 
ccimideted and first oecupieil in 1>;74. and its cost was 
two thousand seven hundred dollars. 

Almshouse. — In May, 1799, a committee, consisting 
of Samuel Cooper, James Hopkins, and James Strat- 
tou, was appointed to make ini^uiry concerning a poor- 
house for the county, and to recommend a site for such 
house. This committee made no report, and on the 
30th of August, ISUO, another committee, consisting 
of Samuel Cooper, James Hurley. John Hider, Sam- 
uel \V. Harrison, Amos Cooper, William Ford, James 
Stratton, John Collins. Richard Wcstcott, and Elias 
Smith, was appointed and instructed to purchase a 
site, if a mtijority agreed thereto. 

On the (ilh of December, ISOO, this committee re- 
]iortcd that tliey had 

" purchased of Jlicliael C. Fisher, in the township of Deptford, a Plan- 
tation Containing one hundred i twenty five Acres of Land at ten 
Pound- per acre, amounting to three thousan.l and thirty three dollar, 
and thirty three cents, which was unanimously agrc.l to." 

A committee, consisting of Samuel Cooper, Jacob 
Stokes, John Brick. .Vinos Co0]ier, Samuel P. Paul, 
Enoch Allen, Enoch Leeds, Thomas Somers, Elias 
Smith, Jr., and Isaac Tombleson, was appointed to 
take charge of this ]ilantation and elaborate a plan 
for a poor-house, etc. This committee reported on the 
2Sth of February 

"a plan of a house to be built, seventy five feet by thirtv five, two 
stories hi^ih. and a sutler under, the whole to be built with stone, which 
was agleed to, and .\mos Cooper, John Brick, and John Hider were .ap- 
pointed Commissioners to Superintend the Building of sd House." 

These commissioners contracted with Edwin l!rew<,r 
and John C. ilorgan for the building of the hous-r 
for five thousand six hundred dollars. The house wa- 
completed and occupied in 1803. 

In 1812 two hundred and forty-eight acres ot wood- 
land for the county poor-house were purchased, at a 
cost of nine hundred and eighty-seven dollars. 

A "mad-house," or building for the care of the in- 
sane poor, was erected in LSltj. 

The farm of Jedediah Morgan (deceased), adjoin- 
ing the poor-house farm, was purchased in 1822. 

Early during the joint occupancy and use of the 
almshouse property by the two counties of Gloucester 
and Camden the question as to the proportion of the 
expense to be paid by each county arose. It was 
found that a larger number of the paupers came from 
Camden than from Gloucester County, and tlie latter 
insisted cm the assumption by the former of a corre- 
sponding proportion of the expense. To this the 
board of freeholders of Camden County finally as- 
sented. Then the question arose as to the proportion 
of rent to be assumed by each county, and several in- 
elicctual ell'orts were made to agree on this point. 
Pending the discussion of this question the Glouces- 
ter County board declined to incur further expense in 
repairs or improvements. 



GKXERAL niSTORY. 



119 



Disposal of the Almshouse Property.— In l^e- 
(.c-iiiIkt, 1S5',), coMUuilii.H's ot the b'lanU of I'lioseu 
Iruoli'ililcrs in bolli ocmnties were :i|i[H)iiiled to uct 
jojnllv ill otVeetiiij: a ^:ilo ol' the luu-huids and timber 
and a portiiin of the almshouse farm. In March. 
IM'.O. the-e eonimittoes reported that they had .-;ohl tlie 
tiiiiljer for five hundred and I'orty-nine dolhir.s and fit"- 
teen eent>, aiui ton acres of tlie hind at twenty-five : 
dolhirs (ler acre. i 

In Marcli, ISG'.', a law was enacted by the Lesrisla- 
tnre. and approved on the 17th of that month, ap- 
[Hiinting W. P. Robeson, of Warren ; Charles Stokes, 
of Burlington ; Joseph Porter, of Camden; Joseph 
Tatein, of Gloucester; and Josiah ^l. Reeves, of 
Salem Counties, commissioners for the sale of the 
joint property of the two counties, and the division 
of the proceeds. 

On the Sth of June, ISGO, a committee, consisting 
of John R. Sickler, C. P. Stokes, John Pierson, W. 
Warrick, and Amos J. Peasle, that had been ap- 
pointed to attend to the interest of the county in the 
sale of the joint property, reported that they had at- 
tended the sale that was held as advertised by the 
commissioners, and that the result was as follows : 

Parcel S". 1, coiitiiininc 144 acres, was sold to Camtien 

Cvui.lv at SlU.'i per acre... SlS,O00.i>0 

Xo. 2. m.icres, tu Kanlall E. Al,,r-:ui. i74 per acre 5,;i;0 UU 

No. :'..7',i .ici. ■. t. 1. >i,.i ,: 1 'I I i: , ~ . . per acre 4,:-;45.00 

No. 4, I'l .rt. -. I I' ■> . ' •-■. >.;i" l.i'Cl-flO 

No. .-.. IJ"; ' :■. !. , t . I ,.p-racre l,s.i-i.lo 

No.i;,lo\-i. !■ ' I,,;.:.. , r, ,: . . •■liLTacre 1,150.53 

No. 7, 9[Vi a^-re*. t- W.W'ani.k, ;l'..M.i n-r acre 1C2..-.2 

Total ;-;2,4S4.13 

Purchase of the County Farm and Erection of 
the Present Almshouse. — On the 17th of March, 
ISGO, a committee, consisting of John R. Sickler, 
William C. Sparks, Amos J. Peasle, Samuel Fisler, 
and John Pierson, was appointed to receive proposals 
for the sale of a site for an almshouse, and to report 
jdans for the building. On the 9th of ^lay this com- 
mittee reported that they had advertised for such 
proposals, and that they had received about thirty 
from dilferent jiarts of the county. 

On the 22d of the same month this committee re- 
jiorted that they had purchased from Restore Lippin- 
cott, in Greenwich township, a farm of about one 
hundred acres, at sixty dollars per acre. The ex- 
istence on this farm of an excellent s])ring of water, 
which could be utilized for the supply of the build- 
ings, influenced the committee and the lioard largely 
ill their selection of this farm. 

At tlic same meeting a general plan for an alms- 
house wa^ presented by Mr. Button, of Camden, who 
c-.timaled the cost of the building at fifteen thousand 
dollars. This plan was adopted, and specifications 
were ordered. Proposals were advertised for, and on 
the Sth of August, ISGO, the contract for building 
this house was awarded to William Beckett and 
Aaron .M. Wi!kin< at eleviii thousand >cven hundred 
and fifty dollars, and Amos J. Pea.^le, John R. Sick- 
ler, and Samuel Fisler were a]i[iointed a committee 



to superintend the erection of the house. Till this 
almshouse was completed the paupers of Gloucester 
County were cared for at the house that was aold to 
the county of Camden. 

The contractors for building the almshouse were 
paid twenty-live dollars I'or extra work. Tlje total 
co>t of the almshouse property, including all expen- 
ditures on it for improvement, was S''2.j.(.)i.i7.iU. 

Since the erection of this house it has undergone 
no material change. In lSiJ7 a separate building 
for insane paupers was erected. This, which is of 
stone, stands about one hundred feet from the main 
building, and has a capacity for six patients. 

The almshouse is a brick structure, cousir-tincr of a 
central,' forty by forty feet, and two wings, each 
thirty by thirty, the whole having a heiglil of three 
stories above the basement, which is u.-ed I'or dining, 
cooking, storage, and heating. The ventilation of 
the house is excellent, and it is warmed by heaters 
placed in the basement at each end. 

From a spring on the farm issues sucli a '.piantity 
of water that it turns a wheel which fjrces water at 
the rate of sixty gallons per hour into a reservoir 
that is on a height overlooking tlie house. From 
this reservoir the house and all the outbuildings are 
amply supplied with pure water. Each story is sup- 
plied with both hot and cold water, and in each are 
several baths. 

The house has accommodations for eighty inmates, 
but there have been times w hen it has had more than 
one hundred. Iliram Jones has been the steward 
from the time when the house was erected. 



CHAPTER XXVI IL 

POLITICI.AXS AXD f^OLDIERS, ANI> (TVIL LIST OF 
OLD CtLOUCE.*TEK.i 

Wi". have had occasion to mention, in the preceding 
paies, several incidents which illustrate the sturdy 
attachment of the first English settlers in West Jer- 
sey to those just and liberal principles which caused 
their exile from the mother-country. The political 
history of those settlers and their immediate descend- 
ants is a subject of which the ablest pen might not be 
ashamed. The material is abundant and rich, and 
forms a mine which should long ago have been ap- 
propriated by a Griffith or an Ewing. When this 
neglected field is explored, if impartiality be the lamp- 
bearer, we are sure tliat Old Gloucester will be found 
to have given to the councils of our State, and the 
armies and navies of our nation, men than whom 
none better understood the true principles of liberty, 
or knowing, more bravely defended them. For a 
long time Gloucester was peo[jled almost exclusively 

1 Mickle'8 IU-inii,iscencM, cl.aiifr xxW. (ls44 ;. 



120 



HISTORY OF GLOUCKSTKU OOUNTY. 



by Friends; by men who liaii tliemselves felt tlie 
political tlirnl'.ldiii ot'the inotlier-eimntry, or by those 
who romembercil well their fathers' reeitals of the 
wroiiiTS which drove them into tlie wilderness. They 
guarded, therefore, with a jealous eye those admirahle 
concessions upon which the jrovernnient of West Jer- 
sey was based, and after the union of the two jirov- 
iuces, in 1702, watched with unceasing visihince every 
attempt made by the East .Tersey Calviiiists todcs|ioil 
the laws of the colony of that peacet'ul and lenient 
spirit which had iire-eminently distiniruished the 
western code. A consistent hatred of militia bills. 



Pridi-, po.ni., and < 



" .\ll qualit.v 

ICO of ^lol-iOU! 



formed a prominent trait in the character of the early 
men — and we may add of the early women too — of 
Gloucester. In ltJ'J-3 the recorder, John Eeadin^r, 
afterwards president of the Council, having so far 
forgotten his original (Quakerism as to accept a mili- 
tary commission of some kind from the Governor, 
employed a drummer, who on one occasion had the 
audacity to visit the tavern kept by Matthew Med- 
calfe, at Gloucester town. This worthy host, not 
seeing the use of music, and not feeling disposed to 
tolerate such vanities about his premises, called his 
wife Dorothy to his assistance, and incontinently 
broke tliu heads both of drum and drummer, for 
which, being indicted, he made no defense, but 
promptly paid his penalty, content with having 
borne some testimony against the practice of war. 
The defendant in this indictnjent was for many years 
one of tbe most pirominent men in t]]e county.' 

The representatives of Gloucester County in the 
General Assembly always firmly resisted the attempts 
of the East Jersey colonels and majors to fasten upon 
the colony a niilitia system in time of peace. Prior 
to the French war this subject became, in Xew Jer- 
sey, one of such warm interest that both parties be- 
took themselves to pamphleteering. In one of the 
works elicited in this wordy contest it is urged as a 
potent reason against the establishment of a militia 
system that "six shillings of every honest man's 
property in the province, except those above sixty, is 
subject yearly to the 'humors or prejudices of any 
low-lived pragmatical fellow that can get; dubbed a 
sergeant." All the abuse of the East Jersey cham- 
pions failed to drive the Friends from Gloucester into 
a support of this step, until the necessities of the war 
absolutely required the organization of a niiiitary 
force. 



'On tlie 2d of Septeriiber, lO'J."), the following minute is in;ido l.y the 
clerk of tho County C.nirt :'• The f:rand Jur.v return and find a bill 
against Matthew Medcalfe and Dorothy, his wife, for a hreacli of the 
King's peace, and contr-niptuou5ly a».~aulting of a drummer under ye 
command of Juhn Rr-adinj. and breaking of ye drum. Tlie said 
Matthew confeweth ye matter of ff.ict. Lctli as to liim^relf and in behalf 
of his wife, and leaves ye same to ye consideiatiun and mercy of ye 
Uench. The licncli, after consideration, awaid llic faid Mallbe>vto pay 
a8 a fine ye sum ol iwezity shillings, wiih c.j-ls of suile." 



But it was not only in (f.iestions of conscience 
that the ancient men of our shire carried a stiff neck. 
They were inilnied with a cminty jiride which brooked 
no insult and foi-gavc no wrong. In 1742 one John 
Jones, a deputy of .losfph \Vanell, F.si].. the atloiiiry- 
general, prosecuted some criminal to conviction in 
the Gloucester court, whereu]ion he demandcl his 
fees of the board of justices and freidiolders, who 
referred him to his emjiloyer, telling him the countv 
had iiiit a.-ked for his servii;cs. Jones tlircatened to 
take out a mandamus to comjiel them to pay. at 
which the wortliy freehoiilers took fire, and immedi- 
ately charged the deputy, betbre the Assembly, with 
trying to extort money from them against law. They 
jiressed their plaint with such vigor that Jones was 
forthwith arrested by the Speaker's warrant, aii^l 
brought before the House. Flere he humbly prom- 
ised not to do the like again, and was dismissed, but 
as he had criminated the king's attorney as the in-ti- 
gator of his offense, Jlr. Warrell was also arrested. 
His story was that what he had done was by tiie im- 
portunity of Jones, but "since he was informed that 
it w-as the opinion of the House that such demands 
were not allowable," he asked pardon of the county 
and colony, and was dismissed from custody. This 
case, which was really Gloucester i-n-sus the Crown 
of England, for tbe attorney-general was a i-rown 
officer, also caused a pamphlet war, which was con- 
ducted with considerable ability on both sides. Tlie 
Assembly was .issailed for its action in the premise^ 
in a pamphlet entitled "Extracts from the !Minute^. 
etc., to which are added some Notes and Observa- 
tions." A reiily whereto siieedily followed, under 
the caption of "Tlie Xote-Muker Xoted, and tlie Ob- 
server Observed I'pon, by a true lover of English 
liberty, 1743." The lirst was probably written by 
Jones himself, and the other by some of Old Glouces- 
ter's indignant freeholders. In this little affair we 
see a strong tinge of the spirit which, thirty years 
afterwards, led to the lievolution, and we hazard but 
little in saying that the same jealousy of the royal 
power, in ail its modifications, always distinguished 
the people of Gloucester County. 

The first Legislature of independent Xew Jersey, 
during its session at Haddonfield. in the month of 
September, 1777, found itself 'surrounded by true 
friends of liberty, who gave all its acts a prompt and 
hearty support. It was here, during the darkest hour 
of the Revolution, that the two Houses, by unani- 
mously expunging the word '' colony" and substi- 
tuting " state" in public writs and commissions, wiped 
out the last vestige of our servitude. It was here, too, 
that tliat Cominiitee of Safety was established which 
afterwards proved of such signal service. The mem- 
ber of Council for Gloucester during thi-- season w;ts 
John Cooper, who attended regularly at Haddonfield, 
but did not follo'.v to Princeton, whither the Legisla- 
ture adjourned on the ■24th of September. His Ex- 
cellency 'Wiili.'im Living-ton, and Jles-rs. Sinnickson, 



GKNHKAL IIISTOKY. 



121 



Cox, Coiidict, Syuiines, Hniid, Sciuidcr, mul ratci-son 
ivcTi* recuhir in their altcmlaiice. Thojuiiit moLtiiiLis 
wcrt- held, while the two Houses contiiiueil at Had- 
doiitield. at Thoiiuis Sinitir>. and joint L(>niniutee> 
<-cnorally met at Jliigh t'reiirhtun's or ."^aniiiel Kiii- 
nard's. 

The most prominent military eharacters of the 
i-ountv of tiloiieoster at the commencement ol' the 
war ol' the Kevohuion were Col?. Joseph Ellis, ,To>iah 
Ilillman. .lo-cpli lluirg, and Kobert P.rown. :\Iaj. 
■William Ellis, Capts. Samuel Hugj:. John Stokes, 
and J(din Pavis. Col. Ellis had commauded a com- 
panv in Canada, in the French war, hut ou the oiien- 
ing of the issue between the mother-counlry and her 
colonies he resigned the commission he hold of the 
king, and was made a colonel in the Gloucester mili- 
tia. He was in the battle of Monmouth and several 
other engagements, in all of which he fought bravely. 
Col. Hillman was esteemed a good officer, and saw- 
much hard service. Col. Hiigg was appointed com- 
missary of ]!Urchase for West Jersey at an early 
stage of the war. and in that capacity did much for 
the cause. He w;is in the battles of Oermantowu, 
Shorthills, and Monmouth, and when the liritish 
crossed from Philadeliihia to Xew York he was de- 
tailed to drive ;iway the stock along their line of 
march, in performing which duty he had many nar- 
row escapes from the enemy's light horse. Col. 
lirown lived at Swedesboro, and his regiment was 
chiefly employed in preventing the enemy from 
landing from their shijis and restraining the excur- 
sions of the refugees from iJillingsport. 3Iaj. Ellis 
was taken prisoner early in the war, and kept for a 
long time upon Long Island. Capts. Samuel Hugg 
and Frederick Freliughuysen were appointed by an 
act of the Legislature to command the two first com- 
panies of artillery raised in Xew Jersey, Hugir in the 
western and Frelinghuy.sen in the eastern division. 
The former soon rai.sed his com|iany, and in it were 
a number of young men of fortune^ and the tirsl fam- 
ilies in the State, the 'Westcoats, Elmers, Seeleys, and 
others, men who afterwards occupied distinguished 
posts in the local and national governments. This 
company was at the battles of Trenton and Prince- 
ton. 'When the " Koehuck" was engaged in pro- 
tecting the operations against the clievaux-df-frlse 
at Billingsport, Hugg's artillerists threw up a small 
breastwork upon the Jersey shore, and fought her 
during a whole day; but, unl'ortunately, their first 
sergeant, 'William Ellis, was killed by a cannon-ball, 
whidi took off both his legs above liis knees. Tiiis 
Ellis was an Englishman, and had been for several 
years a recruiting ofncer for the Pritish service in 
i'hiladelphia. He joined the American cause early. 
Like his namesake, he was a very brave man, and 
died much regretted by his companions in arms. 
Oapt. Stokes commanded a company of mere boys, 
made up from some of the best families in Cloures- 
ter (bounty. These fellows were at the battle of 



Monn!oulh. but Col. Hillman -sent them to the rear 
to guard the baggage. Stokes was ot'ten heanl to s.ay 
afterwards that he " never saw so mad a set of young- 
sters" as thc-ic were on being assigned to so sale a 
post. They cried with rage at beitig stationed there, 
after having marched so far to see what lighting was. 

In our war with Tripoli, and in the late war with 
ICngland. some of the best and bravest ^ailors in our 
navy were sons of Gloucester (^'ounty. Who, that is 
not culpably igmuant ol' the history of his coutitry, 
has not heard of the name of Capt. Richard Somers'? 
This chivalric sailor was the son of Col. Kichard 
Somers, an officer of the Revolution. He was born 
at Somers' Point, about the year 177S, was educated 
at Burlington, but took to the sea when very young. 
He joined the American navy in its infancy, where 
he soon became distinguished by his courage and his 
seamanship. In 1S04 he was in the Mediterranean, 
captain of the " Xautilus," under Commodore Preble. 
The ojierations of the lleet before Tripoli having been 
prolonged a great while to little purpose, a master- 
stroke was devised to cripjile the enemy's galleys and 
hasten the bashaw's will to capitulate. With this 
view the ketch "Intrepid'' was prepared as an in- 
fernal, to be sent into the harbor among the Tripoli- 
tan vessels and there exjiloded. To navigate a ma- 
chine, to the crew of which an accidental spark or a 
shot from the enemy was certain destruction, required 
no ordinary degree of courage. But though others 
shrank back Somers volunteered for the adventure, 
and with a picked crew, on a proper night, embarked 
in the infernal for the harbor. For a few minutes 
the breathless Americans peered with intense utisat- 
isfied curiosity into the deei) darkness which had 
swallowed the adventurous vessel. Then shells and 
shot started from the alarmed battery of the town, 
and swept in every direction. A fierce liglit rested 
for a moment on the wave, and with the tenfold dark- 
ness that returned came a terrific concu.ssion that made 
the ships in the offing quake from their trucks to their 
keels. It was evident that the ketch had preniaturely 
exploded, and that Somers and his crew had been 
blown into a thousand atoms. I'c was understood, 
upon the departure of the infernal from the fleet, that 
in no event was her cargo of powder to fall into the 
hands of the Tripolitans. Somers was known to be a 
man capable of any sacrifice for the glory of the ser- 
vice and the welfare of his country, and it was, there- 
fore, believed l.iy Preble (and it is still believed upon 
every foretop and quarler-deck of our navy) tliat, being 
discovered and in danger of being taken, he ordered 
the match to be applied to the magazine, and died 
with his comrades, to keep from the enemy the means 
of prolonging the war. 

Were we to dwell upon the biographies of al! the 
distinguished sonsof (Ji»l fJh.uce.-i.er. where w oiiid we 
tint! — what we fear the reader already antici[iatcs with 
pleasure — the en<I of our book ? One has ri-en froi^i 
a poor Egg Harbor ;isher-b;iy to be the second only 



122 



HISTORY OF gloucesti;r county. 



aiiKiiiir tlie inillioii:iiro< of America. Another, left at 
an early age an (ir|ih:in and friemllos^, lieeamc cele- 
brated as tlie nio^t rl.i.iiuiit man at tlie m.in powerful 
bar of the Union. A tliirtl receives, lor the tirst time 
directly at the hands of the people, the olHce of Gov- 
ernor of New .Jersey, and many in distant States, by 
the manner in which tliey discliargo hiirh and respon- 
sible posts, reflect honor upon the shire that gave 
them birth. 

Civil List. 

SIIKIUFFS. 

ISOl. E.lwar.l V.-iuglm. 



ICSO. D.iniel Heading, 
li'dl. .lulin Iliigg, .Ir. i<1pi^ 
li;92. Thomas Sharii. 
10.94. .Tolin 'Woo.l. 
1095. Jus. ToiiiliusoM 
1B%. Jiv.ilina Lord. 
1G97. Williiim Warner. 
lO'-lS. Benj:ilniii Bremen. 
1C99. ■WillKim ■Warner. 
170O. St.-ittlievv .Mcdcalfe. 
nil. Josiah Kay. 
1713. Samuel Cole*. 

SaiDUel Harrison. 
1715. William Harrison. 
1719. JosiaU Kay. 
17-21. Samuel Coles. 
1726. Joseph Hllgg. 
!7:S. Samuel Harrisou. 
1733. Jacob Medcalf. 
174-2. Samuel Harris.. ri. 
1709. Thomas Hugs.' 
1781. Thomas DenDv. 
17&4. Joseph Blackwood. 
17S7. John Blackwood. 
1790. Benjamin Wbitall. 
1793. Siimuel Flaiiigan. 
1795. Ednard Vaughn. 
179.S. Joseph Hugg 



1SII3. Ja 






18(16. Josei.h V. Clark. 
1S09. Isa.ac Pine. 
1S12. Joseph V.Clark. 
ISlj. John Baxter. 
ISIS. Binjaniiii Wilkin 
lS-21. John Baxter. 
ls-24. Enoch ILiUghty. 



Ib2i 



Isaa 



Hindu 



16SS. 
17(14. 
1705. 
17u6. 
1714. 
1723. 



1770. 
1771. 
1774. 

mi;. 



John Reading. 
Richard Bull. 
Edw; 
John Spey. 
Thomas Sharp 
Gervas Hall. 
John Ladd.2 
John Ladd. 
Samuel Mickle 
James Boumai 
Josiah F. Dave 



!'«■ 



r^-23. Jacob Glo 



lv!9. John C. Smallwood. 
11'44. Bowiuan Sailer. 



18-29. Jesse Smith. 
1.S.32. James W.Caldwell. 
ISM, Joshua P. Brewing. 
1S3S. Josiah S. Frauklin. 
1S41. Mark Ware. 
1S44. Josri'h 0. Gill. 
1S47. Josepli Jessup. 

1550. John Eyies. 
1853. Joseph T. Paulin. 
IS.ie. John L. C. Tatem. 
1S59. Joseph Carter. 
1SG2. Kavid B. Gill. 
1SC5. Chat-lesS. Knisell. 
lKt;S. Th.jmas l: Slathers. 
1871. Henry C. Garrison. 
1874. Edmund Junes, 
isrs. AmosG.innt. 

1551. John W. Downs. 

COUXir CLERKS. 

. 17S1. Elijah Clark. 
- 1785. Elisha Clark. 
, lSa5. Charles Ogden. 

1815. Thomas Ueiidry. 
' 1S20. Jeremiah J. Foster. 

1825. John C. Smallwood. 

1835. Joseph Sailer. 

1837. Ilen.-y Brad-haw. 

; 1847. William D. Scott. 

' 1837. Josiah S. Franklin. 

rt. 1872. S. Paul Laudeuslag 

' 1833. Henry C. Laudensln 

SURPlOG.^TES. 

■ 1853. Ale-xander Wentz. 

■ 18l>J. Samuel .\. Groff. 
1874. J. Ilarribon LiTerin 



I'LOSECUTOIIS of THE JLKY. 



1824. Thomas Chapman. 
1829. Robert L. Armstrong. 
1638. Thomas P. Carpenter. 
1843. Wiliam N. Jeffeis. 



1S49. Joshua S. Thompson. 

1S59. John E. Harrison. 
I 1.805. Joshua S. Thompson. 
: 18S0. Belmont Perry. 



1715. Jacob Clement! 

Peter Long. 
1717. John K.-4y. 
1721. Thomas Sharp. 



COL.NTl" COLLECTORS. 

1724. Joseph Cooper. 
1750. Eheiiezer Hopkins, 
17.07. David Co'jper. 
1764. Saumel Clenjents, . 

1 17(19 to 17S1 the record is interrupted. 



1777. John Wilkins. 


180.3,Jan.e3\. CaMwell. 


17,-;2. John Wilkins. 


■ 1844. Charles F. (lark. 


1704, Joel Weslcott. 


1S49. James W. Caldwell. 


1S-.7. Williatn Brick. 


18.54. John M. Saunders. 


lS(.a Ephntini Miller. 


ISl.l. John L. C. Tatem. 


1814. John S. Whitall. 


18(16. Henry C. Clark. 


18/2, S..iniiel Webster. 


1871. Joseph Paul. 


ls::8, Ephraim Miller, 




TRUSTEES 


OK THE POOR 


18(i3. Charles French. 


1828. Christopher Sickler. 


Marmaduke Burr. 


Samuel B. Lippincott. 


S..muel W. Harrison. 


James Jessup. 


John Uider. 


1829. Benjamin B. Cooper. 


Amos Cooper. 


Elijah Bower. 


Johu Haines. 


, Samuel B. Lippincott. 


Thomas Clark. 


' Joseph Poi ter. 


Sohobey Stewart. 


: David B. Morgan. 


Xehemi-.ih Blackmer. 


; 1830. Benj^imin B, Cooper. 


Elias Smith. 


j Samuel B. Lippincott. 


-1804. Samuel W.Harrison. 


j Elijah Bower. 


John Hider. 


, Charles French. 


Amos Cooper. 


j Oiristopher Sickler. 


John Hains. 


■ 1831. Joseph Kay. 


Charles French. 


Elijah Bower. 


1805. Samuel W. Hanison. 


Samuel B. Lippincott. 


John Hider. 


. Thomas Redman. 


A mos Cooper. 


Charles French. 


Charles Trench. 


1S32. Sa(uuel B. Lippincott 


Isa^.c Pine. 


1 Elijah Bower. 


180G. Amos Cooper. 


Charles French, Jr. 


- Sam.(el W. Harrison. 


1 Robert W. Ogden. 


Isaac Pine. 


1 Arthur Brown. 


Charles French. 


1 1S33. Elijah Bower. 


Jacob Stokes. 


Arthur Brown. 


1807. Samuel W. Harrison. 


Jo=hna P. Browning. 


Edmund Brewer. 


Joseph Kay. 


Samuel Clemeut. 


Samuel Sailer. 


Johu Tatum, Jr. 


183*. Elijah IV.wer. 


Charles French. 


Joseph Porter. 


1S08. Samuel W. Harrison. 


Arthur Brown. 


j Edmund Biewer. 


^ Thomas Redman. 


; Samuel Clement 


William Haines. 


1 Johu Tatnur, Jr 


. 1835. Charles C.Stratton. 


1 Charles Fconch. 


' William Haines. 


- 1814. Michael 0. Fi-her. 


Joseph Porter. 


Josepli Kaighn. 


.Thomas Redman. 


John Sickler. 


Arthur Brown. 


Job Brown. 


■ 1837. Joseph Porter. 


Job Eldridge. 


Elijah Bowers. 


1818. Joseph Kaighn. 


John M. Kaighn. 


John Sickler. 


William Perth. 


j Diddle Reeves. 


Gerrard Wood. 


Isaac Kay. 


1839. Joseph Porter. 


Joseph C. Swett. 


- John M. Kai-jhn. 


: 1819. Joseph Kaighn. 


Gen-ard Wo.«i. 


John Sickler. 


Wdliam P..rch. 


i Biddle Beeves. 


Stacy Hazleton. 


Isaac Kay. 


1840. Joseph Porter. 


i Joseph C. Swett. 


John M. Kaighn. 


1 18-20. Biddle Reeves. 


Gerrard Wood, 


j John Sickler. 


William Porch. 


■ Joseph Kaighn. 


St.-rcy Hazleton. 


i Charles French. 


1841. Joseph Porter. 


i John Roberts. 


J(.:hn D. Glover. 


1826. BLTijimin B. Cooper. 


! William Brown. 


Elijah Bow-er. 


1 Isaac Wilkins. 


Christopher Sickler. 


I Stacy Hazleton. 


1 Isaac Reeves. 


1 18«. Cha( les Fi-ench. 


Samn.4 B. Lippintott. 


Samuel .Sailer. 


1.827. Benjamin B. Cooper. 


John B- Jessup. 


Elijah B(jw-er, 


' 1845. Samuel Sailer. 


Chri=f^^.pher Sickl-r. 


Joseph J e«up. 


Sitmuel E. Lippincotl. 


: Lawrence Cake. 


Isaac Reeves. 


1846. Samuel Sailer. 


182,8. Benjamin B.Cool.er. 


Joseph Jessup. 


Elijah Bowei. 


i Lawronc.i Cake. 



'] 



(iHNKKAl, IllSTOKY. 



123 



li. f. Tat cm. 



isr.T 
iscs 



ck. 



cl-. 



;. B. C. Tat.ni. 

Clia.l.-s ElKiut.n. 

WMli.ini ll,iin.fs. 
.. K. C. T.Htcrii. 

William Il^iinci. 

William \V. Dii.m 
I. 1!. C. Tatolll. 

William Haines. 

William IV. Dunn, 
. William Haines. 

Msllliia.s K. Crane. 

William ri.Tatimi, 
1. W. R. Tatuni. 

Matthias R. Crane 

Martin W. Kulon. 
. Woudward Warricl 

raviil B. Gill. 

Peter F. L.xke. 
. W'ocndwarrl Warr 

David B. Gill. 

Peter F. Locke. 
. Josepli Tatum. 

James M. Koe. 

Mattbias K. Cra 
. Josefli Tatum. 

Maltliias K. Crat 

John H. Bradwa 
. Josejih Tatnm. 

John Pierson. 

Woctward Warr 
. Woodward Warr 

John Pierson. 

William C. SparV 
. Wo-jdivard Wan 

John Pierson. 

.\mos J. Peaslo. 
. Woodward Warrick. 

John Pierson. 

Amos J. Peasle. 
. Amos J. Peasle. 

John U. Sii kler. 

James Cliatteu. 

John Buck. 

Samuel Hopkins. 

Joshua Riihman. 

Samuel J. Fisher. 
. John K. Sickler. 

Samuel Hopkins. 

Joseph L. Reeves. 

James Chattin. 

Joshua Ptichnian. 
. Joshua L. F.eeves. 

Samuel Hopkins. 

Joshua Eichman. 

Isaac H. LiH'in..ott. 

John K.Clark. 

Joseph L. Reeves. 

Samuel Hopkins. . 

I--aac H. I.!,,[,incott. 

I«aac C. Iiilkes. 

John K. Clark. 
. Isaac C. Dilkes. 

Joseph !i. Paul. 

Isaac n. Lipi.incott. 

Ji<-ob J. Hendrickson 

Ezckiel C. Moil.nt. 
. Isaac C. Iiilkes. 

IsMc II. I.ippincott- 

Jacob J. Ilendrirkson 

Ezekiel C. Mouml 

Joseph Warrington. 
. llavid .S. Adams. 

Lewis V. Atkinson. 

Isaac H. Lij.pincott. 



Jn.oh J. ll-,i.dn\k-oi 
fceki.l C. Mount. 

K7.elii.-1 C. MuUht. 

Leu is V. Atkins.ui. 

Isaac U. Lippincott, 

I'.ivid S. Adams. 

l.saacX. Hughes. 
. Leonard F. Ilardiiiu- 

William Knight. 

Isaac N. Hughes. 

John R. Sickler. 

Af.i Coles. 
. William Knight. 

John B. Sickler. 

Isaac N. Hughes. 

Asa Coles. 

George F. Ford. 
. William Knight. 

Joliii R. Sickler. 

Caleb C. Panccia,sl. 

A<a Coles. 

K.lninnd Jones. 
. William Knight. 

Caleb C. Panco;isl. 

Edmund Jones. 

George C. Allen. 

George H. Gaunt. 
. Caleb C. I'ancoast. 

Edmund Jones. 

George C. Allen. 

George U. Gaunt. 

Charles B. Leonard. 
. Caleb C. I 



.-t. 



Edn 



George C. Allen. 

Charles B. Lcnard. 

J. Alfred Bi.dine. 
5. Alfred B. Kichman. 

Samuel T. Miller. 

Henry M. Leap. 

Jo'epli T. Paulin. 

J. Alfred Bodure. 
;. Ueurj- .M. Leap. 

Joseph T. Paulin. 

David C. Wood. 

John Pierson. 

Jonathan H. Smith. 
■. Henrj- M. Leap. 

Joseph T. Paulin. 

David C. Wood. 

John Pierson. 

Jonathan H. Smith. 
!. Jolm Pierson. 

Joseph T. Paulin. 

Paul S. Richman. 

George Craft. 

Benjamin Shoemake 
K John Pierson. 

Paul L. Richmond. 

George Ciaft. 

Samuel Hopkins. 

Peter F. Locke. 
I. John Pierson. 

Peter F. Locke- 
William S. Mattson. 

Joseph Higgins 

Elwc«,d J. Davis. 
. John I'icr=on. 

Peter F. Locke. 

Elwood J. Davis. 

Joseph Higgins. 

William S. MattRon. 
:. Peter F. Locke. 

John Pierson. 

Elv.ocwIJ. Davis. 

Joseph Higgins. 

Willian: S. Maltson. 



The Presiding Officers of the -Bpard of Justices 

and Freeholders, ;inil :it'tLTW;inl.< ol the bnanl of 
freeholders, wore lir.-t called nioderators, or i hiiirmcM, 
and after'.viiriK ilireelurs. They have been as follows 
.since ITiU, when the first is recorded: 



1791. 


Elijali Clark. 


ITW. 


John Grilhtb. 


17P5. 


John sparks. 


ITP.s. 


John Wilkins. 


IblXl. 


Samuel Harrison. 


ISM. 


John Wilkins. 


1S(.4. 


Samuel W. Harriscui 


1SU6. 


Amos Cooper. 


ISUT. 


S.aniuel W. Harrison, 


iscia. 


W illiani Zaue. 


ISll. 


Joseph Rogers. 


isi;. 


James S.iundere. 


1813. 


Michael Fisher. 


1S1.\ 


James Matl.ack. 


1S21. 


Michael C. Fisher. 


li^Ji. 


Ephraim Miller. 




CLERKS OF TI 


1715. 


Thomas Sharp. 


17-23. 


William nariison. 


1725. 


John K.ay. 


17iS. 


John Ladd, Jr. 


1740. 


Samuel Siacer. 


1T4S. 


Joseph Kaighn. 


1749. 


William Wood. 


1751. 


David Cooper. 


1754. 


William Wood. 


1756. 


Joseph Harrison. 


17G3. 


James Whitall. 


17(54. 


S;unuel Clement, Jr. 


176.V 


Joseph Hugg. 


1766. 


Isaac llickle. 


1767. 


James Hinchmaii. 


17C8. 


Samuel Harrison. 


1773. 


Samuel Spicer. 


1775. 


Joseph Hugg. 


17S1. 


John GrifBtb. 


17S-2. 


Jacob Jennings. 


17SD. 


Samuel Harrison. 


17S4. 


Elijah Cozens. 



lSi3. 


Jaccb Glover. 


1S31. 


Samuel B. Lippiucott. 


1S32. 


Jacob Glover. 


ISSS. 


James Mallack. 


IS-IU. 


Michael C. F.sher. 


IS-lli. 


Joseph S;iunders. 


ISol. 


Joseph Franklin. 


1S53. 


William K. Tatum. 


lfo5. 


Joseph Tatum. 


UsjS. 


Woodward Wairick. 


1S61. 


Amos J. Poa,le. 


lSo2. 


John M. Jloore. 


1S65, 


, Woodward Warrick. 


1S7U. 


John L. C. Talem. 


1S71. 


John M.Saunders. 


ISSl. 


Charles S. Knizeli. 



BOARD OF FREEHOLDER: 
17S7. William White. 
1791. John Gruffyth. 
1732. John Blackw^«jd. 
1794. John Wilkins. 

1796. Thomas Wilkins. 

1797. .lames Stnilton. 
1793. Samuel W. H 

Benjamin Rulon 
1S07. Thoniivs Wilkins 
ISUS. Richard Snowdei 
1S09. Bonj.amin Rulon 

1 ISIO. Job Brown. 

' 1S12. Samuel Webster, 

' ISIS. Jacob Glover. 

; 1S20. Joseph Saunders. 

I 1S35. John B. Harriso; 

'. 1S44. George M. Paul. 

! lSo4. Joseph Z. Piersoi 



ISST. Josiah S. F 
1S73. James Moc 
ISSO. John S. Je 



LXITED STATE.s SENATOR. 
179.'>-59. Franklin Davenport. 



Qklin 



KEPRESENTATITE: 
177G. John Cooper. 
1799-lSOl. Franklin Davenport. 
lSfj3-9. James Sloan. 
1821-25. James Matlack. 
1829-33. Richard 5L Cooper. 



!X CONGRE.SS. 
1S.M7-39, 1541-43. C. C. Stratton. 
1^'.9-41. William R. Cooper. 
1S5I-55. Nathan T Stratton. 
1871-73. John W. Haz.lton. 
18S3. Thomas M. Ferrell. 



MEMBERS 

1776. John Cooper. 

1777. John Cooper. 
1776. John Cooper. 
1779. John Cooper. 
1781). John Cooper. 

1781. Joseph Hugg. 

1782. Elijah Clark. 

1783. Elijah Clark. 
1754. John Cooper. 

1785. Elijah Clark. 

1786. Elijah Clark. 

1787. Joseph Ellis 

1788. Joseph Ellis. 
17^9. .loseph Ellis. 

1790. JoEepii Ellis. 

1791. Joseph Ellis. 
1752. Joseph Ellis. 
1793. Joseph Ellis. 



OF THE LEGISLATIVE COCNCIL. 

17'J4. Joseph Ellis. 

1795. Joseph Cooper. 
I 1790. Joseph Cooper. 

1797. Joseph Cooper. 
I 179^. Thomas Clark. 

1799. Till 



, Th. 



s Clark. 
sCark. 
s Clark. 
3 Clark. 



: 1801. Tho 
j 1S02. Tho 

1803. Isiac Mickle. 
I JS04. Isaac Mickle. 
; 1-805. Isaac Mickle. 
i 1S06. Isaac Jlickle. 
i 1SU7. Richard M. Cooper. 
: 18()S. Richard M. Cooper. 
' 1809. Richard M. Cooper. 
, 1810. Richard M. Cooper. 
' isll. Isiiac Mickle. 



124 



lUSTOKV OF GLOUCESTER COUNTY. 



1S12. J«niM Hopkins. 


1S28 


Jeremiah J. Foster. 


1745, J.iseph CoopiT. 


. 1714 


John Liidd. 


1S13. James H .pl-iiis. 


IS ill 


JosepI, Kaighn. 


. ^ Ehene/er Ii..pkin». 




Samuel Clement, 


l.-:i4. S-lliulel W. llarri.-oii. 


IS'.O 


J.lui W. Jlickle. 


1746. Joseph iV'op.er, 


1 1761 


Siimuel Clement, 


ISlo. Simliu.1 \V. Il.,rris.<ti. 


I¥.:l 


Joseph Kaighu. 


Ebenezer Hopkins. 




David Cx.oper. 


ISIC. Samiiol \V. II:irru-ou. 


IS:'.2 


Joseph Kaighn. 


1749. Jo.seph C.op.r. 


, 170:1 


Robert Friend I'ri. 


IMT. .r.ines M.ilhKk. 


l^a! 


Jjl.n W. Miokle. 


James Hiinhnian. 




John llincbm.m. 


ISIS. James Mathirk. 


IN '.4 


John W. Mickle. 


^,4751. Willian; Mickle, 


' 1772 


John Hinclinrui, 


ISIO. Jolm Baxler. 


IS:i5 


.lohn W. Mickle. 


Josepli Ell s. 




r-,ibeitF, Price. 


1S20. JoliM Eaxler. 


ISJG 


John C. SmallMood- 




1—,. 




IS'il. Mi^h;.el C. Fisher. 


1S37 


John C. Sniall«ood. 




^mce .._, 




lSi2. JUcUacI C. K sher. 


IS.'S 


John C, Smalhvood, 


1776. Richard ^,.nlers. 


171K 


Samuel W, Harris. 


JS-iS. Joseph Kai;;hTt. 


I'NiO 


Joseph Porter. 


Rolieit K, rr:ce. 




Jau.es Wilkins, 


ISJl. UaacWilkiDs. 


ISIO 


Joseph Porter. 


]s,iac Mickle. 


17'J!1 


Joshua L Howell, 


ISio. Is-a.ic Wilkins. 


1S41 


WTlliam R. Cooper. 


1777. Elijah .I.Tk. 




Samuel Harrison, 


1S-2G. John Moore White. 


1S42 


Joseph Sanndei-s. 


John Wilkius, Jr. 




Thom.K Wilkin,s. 


1827. Christopher Sickler. 


lS4:i 


Joshua P. Browning, 


- IsMcTomlinson. 
1778, Elijah Clark. 


iisoo 


San.uel Harrison. 
Abel Clement, 


TiiAr Con 


liititioti of 1.^ 


i.—S-wile. 


Joseph Ellis. 




Samuel French. 


1S45. John C. Smallwood iPres). . 1804 


Joseph L, Reeves. 


Joseph C^-Kiper. 


l,^01 


Samuel W. H.iniso 


1846. John C. Snialhvood i I'r 


s,), ; 1805 


Joseph L, Reeves, 


1779. John Sparks. 




Siimnel French, 


1S47. John C. Sraallwood (Pr 


.s.). ' 1806 


Joseph L, Reeves. 


Joseph Low. 




Isaac Mickle. 


1S4S. John C. Smalhvood (Pre 


s.). 1 1807 


Woodward Warrick, 


Thomas Rennard. 


1SU2 


Samuel W, Harris, 


1849. Cliarles Reeves. 


' ISOS 


Woodward WaiTick 


1780. John Sparks. 




Saninel Frcuch. 


ISoO. Charles Reeves, 


1869 


Woodward Warrick, 


Thomas Reunard. 




Abel Clement. 


ISl. Charles Reeves. 


1S70 


Samuel Hopkins. 


Isaac Kay. 


1803 


Joseph Cooper. 


1S52. John Burk. 


1871 


Samnel Hopkins. 


1781. S.^muel Hugg. 




Robert Sewell. 


1833. John Buik. 


1872 


Samuel Hopkins. 


Joseph Ellis. 




Richard Risley. 


ISM. John Burk. 


1873 


Samuel Hopkins, 


Joseph Cooper. 


l.S(M 


Joseph Cooper. 


1S55. Joseph Franklin. 


1874 


Samuel Hopkins. 


1782. Samuel Hngg. 




Richard Risley. 


1856. Joseph Franklin. 


1875 


Samuel Hopkins. 


Joseph Ellis. 




Robert Xewell. 


lSo7. Joseph Franklin. 


1876 


Thomas B. Mathers. 


Joseph Cooper. 


1805 


Robert Newell. 


1858. Jeptha .\bbott. 


1877 


Thomas P. Mathers. 


1783. Samuel Hugg. 




Reuben Clark- 


1859. Jeptha Abbott.- 


: 1878 


Thomas P. Mathers, 


Joseph Ellis, 




Samuel C, Cl.,uiipi. 


1860. Jeptha Abbott. 


1879 


John F. Bodine. 


Joseph Cooper. 


j ISOO 


Robert Newell, 


1861. John Pierson. 


ISSO 


John F. Bodine. 


1784. Joseph Ellis. 




Reuben Clark. 


15G2. John Pierson. 


I SSI 


JohnF. Bodiue. 


Joseph Cot'per. 




Samuel C. Cl.ampii 


1863. John Pierson. 


■ ISS2 


Thomas M. Ferrell. 


Thomas Clark. 
1785. Joseph Ellis. 
Joseph Cooper. 


i 1807 


Jacob Glover. 
Benjamin Rulon., 
Michael C. Fi-her: 


MF.31BERS OF THE , 


SSE.MBLV 


Thomas Clark. 


isns 


Jacob Glover. 


Bom Ihe Surrender in 17. 


2 to 1772. r;o/ii Ihc Wesleni Dirisim. 


1786. '^homas Clark. 




Benjamin Rulon. 








Fninkliii lUivenport, 




Thomas Doughty. 


1703. Peter Fretwell. 


17M. 


Joshua Wright. 


John Kille. 


ISW 


Joseph B. Clark. 


Thomas Gardner. 


' 1707. 


Peter Canson. 


1787. Thomas Clark. 




John Brick. 


Thomas Lambert. 




William Hall {of Salem 1. 


Fraiikliu Davenport. 




Thomas Doughty. 


William Biddle. 




Richard Johusou. 


Joseph Cooper. 


1610 


Benjamin R.ilon. 


William Stevenson. 


1 


John Thomson. 


17SS. Thomas Clark. 




Llichael C. Fisher. 


Restore Liinnncott. 




Bartholomexv Wyat, 


Franklin Davenport. 




Matthew GUI, Jr. 


John Kay, 


1 


John Wills. 


Joseph Cooper. 


' 1811. 


Jacob l7lover. 


Joseph Cooper. 


i 


Thomas Bryan. 


17S9. Franklin Davenport. 




J.j5e\.h B, Clark. 


William Hall. 




Samuel Jennings. 


Joseph Cooper. 




Matthew Gill, Jr. 


John .>r:ison. 


J 


Thomas Gardner. 


1 Abel Clement. 


1812 


Isaac Pine. 


John Smith. 


i 


John Kay. 


■ 1790. Joseph Co..per. 




Joseph C. Swett. 


John Ilnpij, Jr. 




Philip Pawle. 


' Thomas Clark. 




Daniel Carroll. 


1704. Restore Li|.pincott. 


: i7us- 


9. Thomas Gardner. 


; Samuel Hugg. 


1S13. 


Isaac Pine. 


John Hngg. 


1 


Thomas Rapier. 


j 1791. Joseph Cooper. 




Daniel Cirroll. 


John Kay. 


I 


Hugh Shai-p. 


■ Thomas Clark. 




Charles Fiench. 


John Smith. 




Nathaniel Cripi«. 


! John Blackwood. 


1814. 


Charles French. 


William II .11. 




John Kay. 


! 1792. Joseph Cooper. 




Isai.c Pine. 


John Mason. 




John Kaighn. 


1 John Blackwood. 




Nicholas Rape. 


TlioraaB Bryan. 


1 


Richard Johnson. 


1 Richard Somers. 


1815. 


Isaac Pine. 


E.jbert Wheeler. 




Nathaniel Breading. 


1793. Joseph Ccoi)er. 


, 


Edwar.l Sharp. 


Peter Fretwell. 




HuRh.Middletou. 


John Blackwood. 




Richard S, Risley, 


Thom.is Lambert. 




John Lewis. 


1 Abel Clement. 


1816. 


Isaac Pi.ie. 


Thomas Gar.Uier. 




Eldridge. 


[ 1794, John Blackwood. 
Benjamin Wliitall, 




Richard S, Risiey, 
Edwai.l Shan., 


From 


Glouo ftsr O 


u„l,j. 


■ Thomas Wilkins. 


1817. 


Isaac rino. 


1709. John Kay. 


ITM. 


William Harrison. 


1 1796. Abel Clement, 




Edward Sharp, 


John Kaighn. 


__ 


Josepli Cooper. 


: Samuel French, 




John Eslell. 


1710. John Kay. 


173.5. 


Josejih C-.oper. 


Ihouias Somers, 


1S18, 


Daniel Lake. 


John Kaighn. 




John Mickle, 


, 1796. Abel Clement. 




Samuel Kill,', 


1716. Daniel Co.t. 


1740. 


Joseph Cool'cr. 


i Samuel French. 




San. U.I L. U.,«ell. 


Richard Bull. ^^ 




John Micklo. 


Thomas .Somers. 


1,S19, 


.-am.iel Kiile. 


1721. Samuel Cole. 


1743. 


Joseph Cooper. 


j 1797. Abel Clement. 




Jeren.iah J. F..stcr 


John Mickle. 




John Mickle. 


' Samuel French. 




Thomas Garw.;od, 


1727. John Mickle. 


1744. 


Joseph Cooper. 


j Daniel Licd.i. 


1820. 


J..l.n Wil-on. 


William Harrison, 




John M.ckle. 


*■ 1706. Joshua L, Unw.-ll. 




W.llian, T,,fe..., 



GKNKllAL inSTOUV. 



125 



l-.-O. Johf M... re White. 


1S3: 


. William K. Co^.|.or. 


is; 


. J, .hi. i;..-;a.ih 




John I!. Scull. 




li,:,rl..l\Slr.ilh.n. 


ISM 


. Joseph KoL-crs. 




J,.-,I.h KHighn. 




.Samuel B. Lippinco 


'.fi-. 


. .luliii U. SruH. 




John R. Scull. 




I>..,.-.c .Mickl.-. 


l.'S.iS 


. Joseph Bocers. 




}M'\'h Kiii^hii. 




Saninel B. Lippinco 


;«:3 


. J,.hii M..OIC Uhite. 




William P.. Coop.-r. 




n,:ir\e' C. SiraCt.ni. 




Joselili Endicott. 




J., hi. Esloll. 


is;o 


Jo^elih W. Cooper. 


1.^4 


. IV-LJ.-imiii )). I'oov.er. 




James W. Caldwell. 




Th .ma, Chapmiiii. 




D-iTiJ C. 0,-den. 




Diini-I L.iko. 




John Richards. 


lS-25 


. Ih-iij.-imiii C<K>per. 


1S3T 


James W. Caldwell. 




John K. Sculh 




David C. Ogden. 




Chiirles Frtlich. 




Joseph Porter. 


I'-JC 


Chiirles French, Jr. 




Joseph W. Cooper. 




Il.u.iel I.ake. 


1S3S 


Jo.-epli Porter. 




Tlionias Boo. 




Joseph W. Cooper. 


!'--■; 


Thomas Boo. 




Charles Reeves. 




Josoph Portor. 




Elijah Bower. 




John W. Mickh'. 


1S30 


Elijah Bower. 


isiS 


Joseph Porter. 




Charles Reeves. 




John Eitolh 




Joseph Franklin. 




Charles Striitt..ii. 




Richard W. Snowde 


1S29 


John W. Mickle. 


ISJO 


Richard W. Snowde 




Isaac Hinchinaii. 




Joseph Franklin. 




Japhet Ireland. 




Charles P.eeves. 


1S30 


J.iphet Irohuid. 




Elijah Bower. 




Jacoh Howey. 


IS-tl 


Joseph L.Pierson. 




Charles r.ee\es. 




Thomas H. Wliitne; 




Kuhert L. Armstrong. 




John B. Miller. 


1S31 


Jacob Ilowey. 




Charles Knight. 




Charles K,-eres. 


■ 1S42 


Thomas H. Whitnev 




Charles F. Wilkins. 




Samuel C. Allen. 




S.ioinel B. Westcott. 




Thomas H. French. 


1S3-2 


John Gill, Jr. 




Richard W. Snowde 




Charles F. Wilkins. 


' lS4:i 


Sauinol K. Cooper. 




Flijah Bower. 




Benjamin Harding. 




Samuel B. Wcstcott. 




Xathan T. Stratton. 


l.^M 


Joselh KoL-ers. 
Jesse Sniiiii. 




Thomas B. Wood. 




Coti-^tUution n/ 1 


^H. 


1M5 


&.niuelCo.,ror. 


1S61 


John St,,rr. 




Benjamin Har.Iing. 




Joseph Dnffleld. 


1S4G 


Binjiimin Harding. 


; 18C2 


Allen Moore. 




S:iniuel V.'. (■u..per. 




Thomas G. Batten. 


1^47 


John B. Milhr. 


■ 1S63 


Allen Moore. 




John B. Hil.vard. 




E. C. Heritage. 


IMr 


John B. Miller. 


. ISM. 


X.ithan S. Ablott. 




John B. Ililvard. 




Elisha C. Heritage. 


1-^9 


John Duell. 


1.S05. 


Xathan S. Ablott. 




John Burk. 




William D. Wilson. 


ISJO 


Thomas Gaskell. 


1S66. 


William Clark. 




John Duell. 




William D. Wilson. 


U.il. 


Benjamin C. Tatem. 


1SG7. 


William W. Clark. 




Edm.md Wetheiby. 




Jacob J. Hendrickson 


1W2 


Samuel ,Mavl.»w. 


18CS. 


Charles T. Moloney. 




David Campbell. 




William B. Rosenba 


lr53. 


Joptl.a Abbott. 


is.jg. 


Xinirod Woolery. 




John V. Porch. 




Leonard F. Harding 


ISM. 


Joseph Franklin. 


157IJ. 


Ximrod W.Xi|ery. 




Benjamin Be.?kett. 




Leonard F. Harding 


1M5. 


Jacob G. Tomlin. 


( 1S7I. 


X'imrod Woolery. 




Janus B. Albortson. 




John S. Rulon. 


'.Si6. 


Jan.es B Albertson. 


1S72. 


John R. Mi Idleton. 




Jacob G. Tomlin. 




John S. Rulon. 


H07. 


John ir. Bradvia.v. 


1S73. 


Oludiah Eldridge. 




Benjamin Smith. 




DeWitt C. Hciningw 


IMS. 


John K. Thomas. 


I.<74. 


Obarliall Eldri.lg.-. 




George C. Hewitt. 




DeWitl C. Heiiiii.gw 


1^9. 


John F Thomas. 


1.S7.-.. 


Thonia., B. Lo-lge. 




George C. Hewitt. 




Simeon Warrington. 


I»ry). 


John Starr. 


U7m. 


Thomas B LtJge. 




Joseph Harkor (died,. 




Samuel Moore. 




J.iscph DjfTield. 


1S77. 


Culeh C. P..ncoa.«I. 



IS77. Samuel Moore. 
US7.S. Ci.leh C. Pai. coast. 

Lawrence Locke. 
1S79. Caleb C. Pancoa'it. 

Lawrence Locke. 
l.s.Sl. George Craft. 



l.«Sn.-Thom;u M.Fe: 
l.-,--l. George l.'raft. 

Thomas M. Fei 
IS.^i. Ahij..h S. Hew: 
ISS.!. Job S Haines. 



CIIArXER XXIX. 

BENCH AXD DAK OF (U-OICESTEK COUXTY.' 

The .reparation of tlie pro-sent county of C'Liinden 

from old Gloucester County took auay from tlie 

latter county it.> largest and most thriving city, and 

with Camden a majority of tiie members of the bar 

: of the old county, leaving it with a small population 

; and no large towns; consequently, in the present 

county of Gloucester the business of the courts has 

been limited and the lawyers few in number. Tlie 

I Woodbury bar has always been considered a fairlv 

; good one, and has had in its ranks many men of 

, marked ability. Judges Moore and Carpenter, of the 

I Supreme Court, went tVom this bar, and others of its 

: members in the past have achieved a most enviable 

I reputation in the courts of the State and nation. In 

■ 1S72 Judge Carter, of Woodbury, a local historian 
of note, remarked in a public lecture that " within 
thi> (Woodbury: court-house, during the last eiglnv- 

, five years, not a small number of master-minds have 
' combated with each other. Here have practiced 
: some of the most able lawyers, such as the Hon. 
^ Richard Stockton, grandfather of the commodore, 
j and signer of the Declartition of Independence, Hon. 
I Samuel L. Southard, Hon. Garret D. Wall, Hon. 
I Charles Ewing, Hon. John Moore White, Hon. Peter 
! A. Brown. Hon. Peter D. Vroom, Hon. David Paul 
j Brown, and others of their time, as well as our own 
' day, eminent for learning and. venerable in years, of 
I our town and State, whose noted ability has made 
j tlieir names as familiar to us as hoiisehold words. It 
: may be safely said, without any attempt at tlattery, 
' and as the opinion of those more competent to judie. 
I that, generally speaking, the present younger practi- 
I tioners of the Gloucester County bar (those who are 
in the habit of practicing here) stand second to none 
in point of general legal ability, promptness, integ- 

■ rity, and courtesy, ambitious to make still more 
honorable a most honorable protession." 

i For a long period after the Pevolutiim it was cus- 

: tomary tor the lawyers of the State to "go on cir- 
cuits;" that is, to go from county to county with the 

' Supreme Court judge and argue cases in which thev 
were already engaged, or pick up any business they 
could during the continuance of the term, and 
Gloucester County was \isited in this way by many 
attorneys who became famous; besides tiiose named 
in Judge Carter's lecture, sucii eminent legal lights 

I 

' ' By Belmont Perry. 



V2C, 



HlSTOllY OF GLOUCESTER COUNTY. 



;i> Jaiiii'.s Kiii'^cy, l,uciu-i Stockton, Jo<C[>h \V. Pcntt, 
L. (}. 0. Elaior, 'Williani Griflitli. (Icn. Jumos Giles. 
Joseph C. Ilornblower, Abraham lirowiiiii^-, and Jere 
Sloan camp lVc(|uently to practice liero; but the liome 
bar. with its T. P. Carjienter, Franklin Davenport, 
John Moore M'liite, Robert L. Armstron;:, and otliers, 
was generally aide to hold its own with the best ot' 
them. 

Judges, — The courts of the county have been jire- 
sided over by .~(imc ot" the most learned ol' the State's 
judiciary. Chief Justice Andrew Kirk|'atrick, of 
Xcw IJrunswick, ]iresided here one or two terms 
prior to 1S20. He was born in 1756, in Somerset 
County, and, like many other distinguished Xew Jer- 
sey jurists, was from Scotch-Irish stock. He was a 
Princetou graduate, and was designed by his parents 
for the ministry, but af'ter a year's study of divinity he 
gave it U]i fir the law, and after teaching school for 
a time studied law under ex-C-rovernor William Pat- 
terson, at New Brunswick, receiving hi;; license as an 
attorney in ITSo. He was elected to the Supreme 
Court in 1707, and in 1S03 was made cliief justice, 
holding this position for twenty-one years. He was 
noted for his profound knowledge of the laws relating 
to real estate, and his opinions are regarded as models 
of deep learning and sound judgment. He died in 
1S31. 

Another eminent jurist who frerjuently presided 
over the CMoucester courts was Chief Justice Joseph 
C. Hornblower, of Xewark, who held his high office 
from 1S32 to 1846. His decisions during this period 
were marked by learning of a high order, and are 
frequently cjuoted in courts of law. He was a native 
of New Jersey, liaving been born at Newark in 1777. 
His father was a member of the Continental Congress. 
Judge Hornblower once gave a decision to the eti'ect 
that Congress had no right to pass a fugitive-slave 
law. He was chairman of the New Jersey delega- 
tion to the convention that nominated Fremont for 
President, and was president of the New Jersey Elec- 
toral College in 1860. He died at Newark, June 11, 
1SG4, in the eighty-eighth year of his age. 

Chief Justice Charles Ewiug was in ail probabilitv 
New Jersey's ablest jurist. We find that he presided 
over our county courts on numerous occasions, and 
we also find his name appearing among the lawyers 
wdio came to Woodbury, and also as assisting the 
prosecutor on two occasions. He was of Scotch- 
Irish descent, and the son of James Eiving, who at 
the time Charles was born was living at Bridgeton, 
N. J. He graduated from Princeton Colleje in 
1798, and from the law oHice of Samuel Leake, of 
Bridgeton, three years later. The Legislature made 
him chief justice, in 1824, to succeed Judge Kirk- 
patrick, and seven years later he was re-elected bv a 
Legislature opposed to him politically; but he only 
lived a few months after hi.s second election, dying in 
1832, one of the first victims of the Asiatic cholera 
that visited Now Jersey thai year. Judge Ewing 



was noted fir tin? great clearness of his decisions, and 
I'or the ]ioinledne« of his charges to the jury, m-ver 
he^itating to int'orm them just exactly what he 
thought of the ca^e under consideration. 

Stacy fiardiner I'otts presided over the (iloucoster 
courts for seven years, commencing with lSo3. He 
was a most excellent jurist and a very popular judtje. 
Harrisburg, Pa., was his native city. He was born 
in November, 1709. His great-great-grandfither. 
Thomas Potts, came over from England in the 
famous ship '•Shield," in 1678, landing at Burling- 
ton, N. J., this being the first vessel to ascend the 
Delaware above Philadelphia. His grandfather, 
Stacy Potts, was a tanner at Trenton, and in hi:, 
family young Stacy was brought up. He attended 
the Quaker schools, and early in life entered a print- 
ing-office as an apprentice. When twenty-one years 
of age he became editor of the Trenton Einporiiiin, 
and iu 1823 entered the la.w ofiice of L. H. Stockton 
as a student, still editing his paper. Afterwards he 
became a law pupil to Governor G. D, Wall, and was 
admitted to the bar in 1827. In 1828 he was elected 
to the Legislature, and re-elected in 1829, and two 
years later was made clerk of the Chancery Court, 
holding this position for ten years. In 1815 lie as- 
sisted ex-CTOvernor Vroom, Chancellor Green, and 
William L. Dayton to revise the laivs of New Jersey, 
and in 1852 Governor Fort placed him on the Supreme 
Bench, his circuit comprising Camden, Gloucester, 
Ocean, and Burlington Counties. He was a prominent 
member of the Presbyterian Church, and connected, 
as teacher and superintendent, with one Sunday-school 
for thirty-six years. He died at Trenton, April 9, 
1S65, a kindly, Christian man, loved and honored I'or 
his virtues and his ability. 

From 1841 to 1846, Daniel Elmer, of BridL^eton, 
was the Supreme Court judge assigned to the Glou- 
cester Circuit, He was born in Cumberland County 
in 1784, and was admitted to the bar in 1805, and 
made a sergeant-at-law in 1828, He remained in 
practice at Bridgeton until 1841, when lie was, by the 
joint meeting of the Legislature, elected a member of 
the Supreme Court. It was during his term that the 
Mercer case was tried. He resigned in 1846, on ac- 
count of ill health, .and died in 1848. 

Then followed Judge Carpenter, whose sketch ap-' 
pears among the lawyers of the county. 

In 1852, Lucius >i. C. Elmer was appointed a Su- 
preme Court judge, and presided in the Gloucester 
circuit for abnut fifteen years thereafter. An extended 
sketch of him will be found in the history of Cumber- 
land County embraced in this work. He ranked as 
a very able and learned jurist. 

Chief Justice Edward W. Whelpley presided here 
for one term, and his strict rulings and dignified 
manner, as well as liis ability, made the same impres- 
sion here as elsewhere where iie presided, — that he 
was, in fact, one of the ablest jurists in the United 
Slates, having a uondcrfullv retentive meniorv, to- 



t } 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



127 



i;i t'.ior \\ itli a sound ;iiiil ilisriiiiiiiuitiiig; iiiiml, and liis 
\vli"k' lH':iriiij; iH-iiiii; that ol' a riudol jud;j:o. 

Hi'ii. Georgo t^potl'ord WoodliuU presided over the 
(;iouee.->ter courts for about fourteen years, comnienc- 
iiiL' witli 1807. He was horn near Freehold, N. .J., 
and irraihiated from Princeton Coileixe in l>o3. He 
studied hiw under Judge Richard S. Field, of Prince- 
ion, and was admitted as an attorney in 1 S39, and began 
practice at Freehold, where he remained until ISoO, 
when he removed to ilay's Ijanding, Atlantic Co. 
He was prosecutor of the pleas for this county for 
liftcen years, and for two terms held the same posi- 
tion in Cape May County. His first appointment to 
the Supreme bench came from Governor Marcus L. 
Ward, in 1S66, and in 1S73 he was reappointed by 
Democratic Governor Parker, dthough himself a 
Kepiildican. He retired from the bench in ISSO, 
and died in L^Sl. He was a careful and accurate 
judge, and although slow in his manner, he generally 
rendered decisions that were acceptable and sound. 

Hon. Joel Parker is the Supreme Court judge who 
at present presides over the Gloucester County courts, 
and it may safely be said that the circuit never had 
a more careful, accurate, or painstaking presiding 
officer, or one whose rulings have given niore general 
satisfaction. Judge Parker was born Xov. 24, 1S16, 
in Monmouth County, N. J., very near the old " Mon- 
mouth battle-ground," and is a son of Charles Parker, 
a leading citizen in his day. His grandfather w.as a 
Revolutionary soldier, serving throughout the war. 
His father was sherilf, member of the Legislature, 
and .State treasurer. Joel Parker attended the schools 
of Trcntcju during his younger days, and afterwards 
managed his father's ^Monmouth far.m for three year:;. 
He graduated from Princeton College in 1S39. His 
law studies were prosecuted under the tutorship of 
Chancellor Henry W. Green, and he was admitted to 
the bar in 1S42, and commenced practice at Freehold, 
where he has resided ever since. In 1844 he entered 
political life as a public speaker on behalf of the 
Democratic party, and in 1847 was elected to the 
Legislature. While in the Legislature he otfered a 
bill to equalize taxation by ta.xing personal as well 
:ts real property. In ISol he was made prosecutor of 
the pleas for Moninouth County, and served five 
years. In 1860 he was chosen a United States elector, 
c;tsting his ballot for Stephen A. Douglas for the 
Presidency. For several years prior to the late war 
he was brigadier-general of the .Monmouth militia, 
and took great interest in military mattf-rs. In 18ol, 
Governor Olden made him major-general of the five 
counties of Monmouth, r\Iiddlesex, Ocean, Mercer, 
and L'nion, with a view to promote volunteering, and 
in this position he was highly successful. In 18(52 
he was nominated for Governor, and was elected over 
Hon. Marcus L. Ward \>y foitrtecn thousand six hu!i- 
dred majority, and his efficiency in this position 
during the trying war times is well known, — he is 
New Jersey's honored " war Governor.'' He has 



frequently been mentioned fir the Presidency, and 
his name .-ilways well rcceivc<l. In 1S71 he \va< j 

again elected Governor, and served another term oi ' 

three years. In ISSO he was made a member of the I 

New .Tersey Supreme Court, and assigned to prcsiiic i 

over the counties of Camden, Burlington, and Glouces- ' 

tcr, and his administration of this position has earned 
lor him the reputation of a carel'ul, wise, and jiradent 1 

ju(li;e. He was married in 184)' to Maria M. Gum- I 

men, of Kurlington, N. J. > 

The Common Pleas courts of the county have ! 

been presided over most of the time by l.aymeu, and 
a greater part of the County Court business has been ; 

conducted by them. The prominence and Icugth of 
service of some of these deserve more than a passing 
notice. Thomas Thackara, Francis Collins, John 
Wood, and Andrew Robinson were the first of these 
judiies of whom we have any record. They were on 
the bench in 1686, when the courts were held at 
Gloucester and Red Bank, and it appears from the 
records of that year that Andrew Wilke was the first 
person indicted by the Gloucester courts. He had 
stolen overalls from Thomas Sins, of Philadelphia. 
But one term of the court was held at Red I'.ank, 
and it is supposed that this was held in a tavern that 
once stood near the mouth of Woodbury Creek. 

.\inong other early judges we find such names as ; 

Watkins, Hugg, Piambo, Cooper, Howell. Kaign. ; 

Whitall, Paul. Sharp, Mickle, Clement, Tatum, | 

Sparks, Stratton, Hojikins, Pancoast, Gill, French, ! 

and others familiar throughout the county. Judges | 

were plenty in early days, and we find that from 16SG ! 

to 18So Gloucester County has had about four hnn- ! 

dred Common Pleas judges. In one year 1 1812) sev- ; 

enteen were appointed, and in 1813 sixteen more i 

were appointed. Thomas Thackara, Gloucester . 

County's first judge, was evidently a distinguished ! 

man in his day. for we find hira a member of the first i 

Legislature that sat in Burlington to frame laws fir i 

the province of West New Jersey. It was a respon- 
sible ])ositio:i. for these new-comers found themselves ^ 
the inhabitants of a land without a law, except so far j 
as generally promtilgated through the -original con- ; 
cessions, which did not enter into detail or the prac- i 
tical application of the principles therein embodied. 
Thomas Thackara was a native of Yorkshire, Eng- 
land, where the family suffered much religious perse- ! 
cution by reason of their adherence to the opinions I 
and practices of George Fox, the Quaker. In 1056, 
Thom.is Thackara was taken from a religious meet- ' 
ing at Leeds, and confined for several weeks in York ; 
Castle. He is probably the same Thomas Tliackara 
who arrived r.t Salem, N. J., in the pinke " Ye Own- 
er's Adventure,'" Nov. 18, 1681, and about the Ist of 
January, 1682, purchased a tract of land in the 
present Newton townshi]i, ext' iiditjL' from N'ewtijn to 
Cooper's Cre.-k. Together with Mark Newbie and 
William Cooper, he was appoitited one of the judges 
of the court for the third tenth in the year 16S2, und 



128 



lllsroKV OF (iLOriVKSTKR COUNTY. 



continuoil in nltico iiiiril ]i'iN.'>. The aiillinrily, in ;ill 
prnbaliiiity, only (.'xleiuied to that ol' ( Irplian^' Cmirt. 
Quarter Si <^ioiH, :ui'l (.'oiiiiiioii I'lea-. ami --va^ hi-l.i 
for llie jihlii'ial ili\i>i.in. as iiaiiicil in tlie law. uiilil 
the year id^^ii, wlieti tlie tliir'l aiul t'nunli tenth were 
made one bailiwiek liy the inlialiilanis. aiul tlierei'ter 
so recognized by tlie LeLrislatnre ot'the province. Xo ' 
record.'^ seem to have been kept until IGSO. when they 
began to be preserved in the Glotieester County 
clerk'.s oliicc. He was al<o_ one ol' the land eonnni-i- 
sioncr.s, a responsible duty in those days, having to 
examine titles, dire-ct tiie dc[UUy-surveyors in loeat- 
"ing land, etc. He gave the land for the tlr.~t Friend.s' 
meeting-house built at Newton, and AVilliam Cooper 
and ho were selected by the Friends to sign the ad- 
dress of the Newton Meeting to the Yearly Meeting 
of London, protesting against the conduct of George 
Keith in liis dilferences with the Society of Friends. 
His first wife probably died alter liis si-ttleinent here. 
as in ItJSi) he married Hepsibah Eastlaek. a resident 
of these parts. His death occurred in 170:!. 

Kichard Matlack Cooper, of Camden, pie>!ded over 
the Coitiniou Pleas courts for many years, ;u;d ranked 
very high in that position. ?le was born in this county 
in 17CS, and was a direct descendaiit of William 
Cooper, one of the first Englj^h i>ceu|)ants of .Snutli 
Jersey, it being at his liouse at Pyne }'oint ; now 
Cooper's Point) where some famous Indian treaties 
were made, and in his house that the first Friends' 
meetings were held. R. M. Cooper w:i? a member of 
the Legislative Council, and in 1S29 was sent to Con- 
gress, and re-elected in 18-31. His judgeship covered 
very raanj' years, and his official duties were carried 
out in a straightforward, plain manner, that won for 
liim the respect and eonlidence of all. He died March 
10, 1S44. 

Another distinguished pjresiding judge of Common 
Pleas courts of the county was Benjamin F. Carter, 
who was a judge of this court for twenty years, and 
most of this time acting as its presiding ofBcer. He 
was born in Piuladelphia. Nov. 2, ISio. and i.~ a son 
of the late .Toseidi Cart<-r. a native of Gloucester 
County, but for many years a hardware merchant in 
Philadelphia, where his son Benjamin was at school 
up to his eleventh year, after which he attended the 
private schools of Woodbury. Judge Carter has held 
niauy positions of honor and trust, and always with 
credit to himself and to tlie satisfaction of all witli 
whom his duties brought him in contact. He was 
Woodbury's postmaster during the terms of Presidents 
Pierce and Buchanan, and one year under President 
Lincoln. He was a member of the first Bi.'roagii 
Council of Woodbury, and one of its iir.st mayors. 
He was elected mayor by the Council after the place 
became a city, but declined. In ISiio he was ap- 
pointed by Governor Parker post quartermaster, with 
the rank of captain, and stationeil at Beverly as a 
disbursing officer i'or the State trooi>s engaged in 
putting down the Rebellion, and on his retirement 



w.is highly recommended by the State officers for hi^ 
etlioient management. In 1S73, Governor Parker ap- 
jMiinted him a member of tlie State Constilutional 
CoiiiHii.--ioii. and he served therein on the committees 
on tlie judiciary, the executive, and the appointinp 
I'ower. In 1 >7o he ran for State senator, but wa- 
del'eated by a small majority. Twice he had the 
honor of serving as a member of the Electoral Col- 
leire of New Jersey, once in 1S76, when he vcited foi 
Samuel J. Tilden, and atiain in 1S80 (to fill a va" 
cancy !, when he cast his ballot for Gen. Hancock foj 
President. His career as a judge began in IS-J.SJ 
when he was appointed by the joint meeting of tl;^ 
Legislature, and he was reappointed in the same wa^ 
in ISGo, and again in 1.S6-S. In 1S77, Governor BedU 
appointed him judge for a term of live years. H< 
ranked as one of the ablest Common Pleas judges iu 
the State, and had he de>ired it he could, in ISSl 
have received the aiipointmeut as a member of tlu 
I'oiirt of Errors and Api'Cals f,jr the State. He is al 
present a member of the board of managers of the 
State Lunatic Asylum. Judge Carter has always 
been very active in church work, and was one r-f*the 
original trustees of Christ Episcopal Church ol 
Woodbury, stiperinteudent of its Sunday-sciioo! foi 
a quarter of a century, and at the present time its 
>enior wai-den and treasurer, and frequently has rep- 
resented this cluirch in diocesan conventions. He 
is also president of the Gloucester County Bible So- 
ciety, and is the author of the " Historical Lectures 
on Woodbury," published in 1873 by the citizens ot 
the town. A leading citizen and an atl'able neighbor, 
Judge Carter stands among Gloucester County's most 
respected citizens. , 

John M. Watson was appointed Comnn^n P;eas 
judge in 1*43, again iu IS-Jl. and again in IS-jiJ. He 
was born in .Salem County, in March, 1796. and ■died, 
at Woodbury on the Cd day of July, 1S7S. He was 
at one time Woodbury's postmaster, and lor many 
vears a director in the Woodbury Bank. 

.fohn R. Sickler, M.D., of Mantua, wrts first .in- 
pointc'l a judge in lS-t4, and reappointed in i>;-')2- 
18-'J7. and lM)2, serving altogether about twenty-three 
vears. He v,-as born at L'hew's Landing, Camden 
Co. ; was for many years a member of tb.e board of 
freeholders, and a member of the State Constitutional 
Convention of 1840. He is still living at Mantua. 

Simeon Warrington was on the bench for ten years 
from 18(54, and in 1S74 represented the county in lite 
Legislature. He was born in Burlington County in 
!80S. 

The present Common Pleas judges arc Samuel T. 
Miller. :.I.D., of Paulsboro ; John M. Moore, of Chiy- 
toii ; and ex-.Sheritr Edmund Jones, of Franklin- 
ville. all of whom have proved themselves efficient 
and capible to discharge the duties of the office. 

The jiiier of [iro>e( utvr of the pleas of the county 
has been held but by a kw me;i, the ii>t eompri-,i.'ig 
Elias D. Woodrull (during- his term the office was 



GKNF.RAL IIISTOKV 



12H 



cnlloii deputy att()riicy-geiioral\ 'riioiiins Chainiiaii, ! 
Saiiiiiol L. Southanl (as attoriiey-ireiieral of llie State i, I 
Morris Croxall (one torin, in ISoM. by a|iiiointiiienl of | 
the foiirt), Joreiiiiah H. Sloan loiie tonii. in 183:?. by ' 
;i|.|)iiintnient of tlio court), Jolm Moore Wliito, Rob- ' 
ort L. Armstrong, Tlioma* P. Carpenter, John B. ' 
Harrison, Joshua S. Thompson, and Belmont Perry. 

During their incumbency there were very few ' 
niunler cases tried ; ii'.deed, we think that the Gooby 
ra>e. the Mercer trial, the Stewart case, and the trial 
of Michael Lighe comprise the list. 

Tlie first case was the trial of John Gooby, a col- 
ored man, aged about tifty years, who lived at old 
Dilk's Mill, near tlie present town of Wenonah. He 
shot another colored man, named George Tiller, during 
a quarrel. This occurred near Gooby's house in the 
spring of 1S20, and at the June term of that year he 
was indicted. Chief Justice Andrew Kirk])atrick pre- 
sided at the trial, and the case was pro.-<ecuted by 
Dc|iuty Attorney-General Elias D. Woodrut}', of the 
Woodbury bar. 

Gooby was convicted and sentenced to be hung in 
June, 1S21, but after the gallows had been built by 
Amos Campbell and erected on the lot in the rear of 
wliere Daniel Packer's wheelwriglit-shop now stands, 
Gooby was reprieved until the following December, 
when the gallows was re-erected on the Salem turn- 
pike, just below the forks of the road, in the south 
end of Woodbury, and on the lot now occupied by 
tlie liouse of Edward Haur, and Gooby duly hung by 
Sheriff John Baxter. Gooby was buried alongside of 
the wall of the nld jail. 

Tiie Mercer case was prosecuted by Attorney-Gen- 
eral MoUcson and Prosecutor Thomas P. Carpenter, 
and Mercer was defended by the famous criminal 
lawyer, Peter A. Brown, of Philadelphia, assisted by 
Abraham Browning, Esq. Judge Daniel Elmer pre- 
sided. Singleton fiercer shot Hutchinson Heherton, 
the alleged betrayer of his sister, while they were ou 
a ferry-boat crossing the Delaware from Philadelphia 
to Camden, the latter city being at that time in old 
Gloucester County. Both of the parties were mem- 
bers of prominent families, and the case created 
widespread interest, the old court-house being con- 
stantly crowded almost to sutlbcation during the 
trial, which took place in April. 1843. Although a 
clear case of murder was made out, Mercer was ac- 
([uitted through the eloquence of his counsel and the 
strcnig [lopular feeling in his favor. 

The next murder case was that of Joseph Stewart, 
a colored boy, who killed a colored companion named 
Prague, by holding his head under the water while 
tlie two were tcjgether in Woodbury Creek. This 
was in 1861. Chief Justice Whelpley i)resided at the 
trial, and Attorney-General F. T. Frelinghuyscn and 
Prcj-ecutor Thom[>soii conducted the ca.-^e for the Slate. 
Stewart was aldy delended by Abraham Bniwiiing 
and Samuel H. (^rey, of Cannlen, but the jury 
brought him in guilty, and he was sentenced to be 



hung. Tliis sentence, however, was afterwards 
changed by the court of la~t res.jrt, and Stewart 
wa.-. sent to the Slate's prison, where he still is, 
undrrgning a life-sentence. 

The Tighe murder case was tried in May, 1S79. 
Michal Tighe and John Burke were both Irishviien 
and both near neighbors, livin.g at Centre Squ:;re, iu 
the lower end of the county. On the day of the 
murder they were engaged with others in filling up a 
gulley in the highway near their homes. Burke had 
a cart which he had just driven on a piece of land 
owned by Tighe, and which he was about to load 
with rubbish therefrom. He had a fork in his hand, 
and Tighe stood by with a shovel. After Burke had 
thrown a few forkfuls into his cart, Tighe objected to 
i his taking any more, and sharp words followed, when 
! Tighe started up Burke's horse. Burke stopjied the 
[ horse, and started tor the rear of tlie cart again, when 
i Tighe raised his shovel and br<iught it down upon 
I Burke's head, breaking the skull, and from this 
i wound Burke died a few days thereafter. Judge 
, Woodluill presided at the trial, and the prosecution 
' was conducted by Prosecutor Belmont Perry, as- 
sisted by his brother, Samuel E. Perry, Esq. The 
defense was ably handled by James Moore, Esq., and 
John S. .Tessup, Esq. Their plea on behalf of Tighe 
was self-defense. The trial was a long one, and ex- 
cited great interest throughout the county, jieople 
coming from miles away, and bringing their lunch 
along so as not to lose their seats at the noon recess. 
The verdict was " Guilty of murder in the second 
degree," and Tighe was sent to State's jirison for 
twenty years. 

Below will be found sketches of all the lawyers 
who were actually resident in Glouce-ter County. 
The list is not very long, but embraces the names of 
many who were eminent for their learning and 
probity. 

Fkaxki.ix DAVENrORT. — It is believed that the 
' subject of this sketch was Woodbury's first lawyer. 
He was one of the most distinguished men in the 
State, and the most rioted citizen of old Gloitcester 
County in its early days. During the Revolutionary 
war lie served as an officer of the New Jersey troops, 
and particularly distinguished himself at Fort Mifflin, 
under Gen. Samuel Smith, and after the war was 
; known as GenernJ Davenport. When the office of 
county surrogate was created Gen. Davenport was 
j appointed to the position by Governor William 
] Livingston, and wa^ sworn in Feb. l", 178o. before 
I Judge John Wilkins. Jle practiced law at the 
I same time he was <urrogate, and from the frequent 
mention of his name in the early county records it 
is evident that he had an extensive practice. Dur- 
ing 1798 and 1799 he wa.s a United States senator 
j from New Jersey, ami for two years thereai'ter a 
; member of Congros. He was a liiember of the 
j famous " Fox iFunliiig Club," e-tuMi-hcd iu ihi-, 
' county pri'jr to the Kevolution, and wi.' liiid hi-- iiaiiie 



130 



HISTORY OF GLOrCKSTEK COUNTY. 



among tlie migiiKil tru?toe< <if Wooilbnry Ac;iileiiiy, 
erecti-c! in K'Jl, also among tlie orisrinal mem- 
bers (if tlie W'oDilhury Libniiy ('onipany, insliuiteil 
in 17!'4. lie was one of the lirst lueinbcrr, of the 
Oloueester ("oimty IJible Society, ioiinded in ISlC. 
During the " Wliiskey Insurrection" in Pennsylvania, 
in 1794, Gen. Davenport w.as a colonel command- 
ing Xeu- Jer-ey troops. Among the records in the 
ftirroLMte'.s otlice. Woodburv, occurs the following': 



nl 


T r>'ii 




ITOl. 


X.. I 


iisin 


SS, 


III 


e Sinn 


!-' 


iti> >th.' 


first 


«t'- 


Ki 


iiililii. 
iMisyh 




lia to 


on. li 
I'ittsl 


viOfc 

irgh 


J^ 


aix 


hod t'l 
olonel 


01 


1 Ti-enlo 
<niiiiaiid 


11, X 

lit o 


.1 , 


'lit 


i.t Xe 


« 


Jerio 


iiiilit 


a. c 


ns 


sti 


ng of 


e 


■en hull 


ivd a 


nd 


lur 


, rank 


H 


id file 


Willi 


a doi 


bli 


r 


■opoiti 


n 


of Bold 


and s 


air 


•y 


irder . 


f 


the !• 


csi.leii 


of 


he 


Ui 


ileil S 


a 


f3, Geort 


e \Va 


li- 


.a 


Sibt ill 


'1 


uelling 


an ins 


IITOC 


tio 




li,ed 4 




he patri. 


fs of 


he 



llis house and otUce were in a frame building that 
stood on the site just south of Paul's Hotel, now 
occupied as tlie residence of George Brick. 

Eli.\s D. WoOPl'.ut'F. — Among the very tirst, if 
not the first, lawyers to locate in Woodbury were. 
we believe, Franklin Davenport and Fdias D. ^^'ood- 
rufP. The latter was a son of Elias Woodruff, 
of Eliznbethtown, X. J., where Elias D. was born 
about the year ITtJ.J. He was a brother of Aaron 
Dickinson WoodrutT, attorney-general of Xew 
Jersey from 179" to 1S17, ami also a brother to 
George W. ^Voodruti■. United States district attor- 
ney. Julias D. Woodruti' was a man of meilium size 
and rather small features ; his manner was quick and 
impulsive, and he was accounted a rather brilliant 
man. He held the office of deputy attorney -general 
for many years, and as such performed tlie duties of 
State's attorney for the county up to isi'l. It v.as 
the custom at this period for the attorncy-gener.d to 
deputize a prosecuting officer for the counties where 
he did not attend court. He had charge of the jiros- 
ecution wlieii John Gooby was tried for murder, in 
June, 1S20. His law office was the one now occupied 
by lielniont Perry, and lately the office of Hon. John 
C. Smallwood. He died in Woodbury about lS2o. 

Hon. Juiix MooKE White. — He was born in 
Bridgeton, Cumberland Co., X. J., in 1770, and was 
the youngest son of an English merchant who had 
originally settled in Philadelphia, and his mother 
wns t'le daughter of Alexander iloore, wdio had set- 
tled ill Bridgeton about 17.30. His mother died 
while her youngest son was but an infant, leaving 
also two other sons. His father returned to Eng- 
land, leaving his cliildren under tlie guardianshiii of 
their grandfather, Alexander Moore, who educated 
them. When the Revolutionary war broke out he 
returned to .Vinerica, obtained a commixsiou in the 
American army, was an aide to Gen. Sullivan, and 
was killed in the battle of Germantown, Pa. Judge 
White studied law with .Joseph Bloomlield, received 
his license as attorney iti 17'jl. a- counselor in 179'J, 
and as sergeant-at law in 1S12. He practiced law in 
Bridgeton, where he resided until 180S, when he re- 



moved to Woodbury, and lived there until the close 
of hi.s life. He v.as very successful as an advorati', 
and was well versed in the coninion law as applied In 
matters where real estate was concerned, and wa> 
gener.illy charged with cases where boundarydiiii-, 
were involved. During hi< protes-ional life he was 
lirosecutor of the pleas f<ir -everal years in the eoun- 
ties of S;ilem and Cumberland. During the earlv 
part of his residence in Woodbury he was elected a 
member of Assembly from Gloucester County, and 
was several times re-elected. He was ajipointeil 
attorney-general of the State in 1S33, and in 18.3S he 
was elected a jmlge of the Supreme Court of the 
State. He served his term of seven years on the 
bencli, and at its close retired to private life. He 
had married, about the time of hi.s admission to the 
bar, Miss Luntzingcr, and his family consisted onlv 
of one child, a daughter, who died when about si.\.- 
teen years of age. Judge White's years were pro- 
tracted beyond fourscore years and ten. He died in 
1SG2. in the ninety-second year of his age. His 
widow by a second marriage still survives lum, and 
resides in Woodbury. 

RoBEKT L. Aemstroxg, Sr., was the only son of 
Rev. Jas. F. Armstrong and Susannah Livingston, 
who were married by the. famous Dr. Witherspoon, at 
Princeton, in .Vugust, 1782. Rev. J. F. Arinstrimg 
was a native of ^laryland, a chaplain in tlie armv 
during the whole Revolution, and settled in Trenton, 
as pa.stor of the Pre.sbyterian Church, in 1780, and con- 
tinued as such till his death in ISIG. Robert L. was 
born at Princeton about 178.5. One of his sisters was 
tlie wife of Chief Justice Ewing, another the wife of 
Chancellor Green, and another the wife of Judge 
Caleb S. Green. Soon after attaining his majority he 
was admitted to the bar and settled in Woodbury. 
He was made prosecutor of the jileas for this county 
in January, 1838, and held the odice until his death, 
which occurred the following year (1839). He was a 
very distinguished lawyer, and as a pleader ranked 
among the first in the State. In all matters atTecting 
the welfare of his native county he was ever active, 
and always as a leader. During the war of 1812 he 
commanded a militia company known as "The Blues 
of Gloucester County." but just what service they 
performed is not known. Among the records of the 
Woodbury Presbyterian Cliurch he appears as a trustee 
in 1834. 

The last whipping-post was erected in Woodliury 
abou'. Ib2] ; it remained standing three days wdien it 
was burned down by some boys, and Mr. Armstrong 
always got the credit for having it done. 

Tii(i.\r.\s C'JIAI'MAN was among the first lawyers 
to settle in Woodbury. He came to this countv, 
about the year 1818, from Rahway, X. J., of whiidi 
place be was a native, being a son of Rev. llobert 
Hett Chapman, a famous Presbyterian clergyman, and 
at one time president of the University of Xorth 
Carolina. Mr. Cba[)nian was a gentleman of the old 



GKNEHAL HISTOKY. 



131 



-clKitil, and wore the old style of drc?s so cniiHiion 
duriii" tlie lievoliitioiiary period. Asa lawyer lie was 
■-rpiiiewliat slow in manner, and ranked higher as an 
iillice lawyer than as an advoeate. From 18:2:2 up to 
IsC'.l he was prosecntor of the pleas of old GUnieester 
^'oiiiitv, and filled the position with uuicli orodit ; but 
Li- ihities as ]iroseciitor were evidently not laliorioiis, 
a- we find liy tlie records that the number of indict- 
iiu-iits liiuiid in thn-.e days was very small. He lived 
ill the liriek house on ISroad Street, Woodbury, lately 
the re>idence of Dr. Benjamin ilowell, and tlie olliee 
iiMW occupied by Squire William Watkins was Imilt 
hv him and stood in his day on the lot jn-^t north of 
liis residence. Soon after lie left the office of prose- 
cutor he removed to Camden, where he remained 
until his death. 

John L.4."\vkknch. — John Lawrence was a brother 
of the famous C'apt. James Lawrence, who was mor- 
tally wounded at sea during the conflict between the 
American frigate " Chesapeake" and the British 
frigate "Shannon," off Boston, in June, 1S13, and 
w hose memorable command, as he was being carried 
below decks in a dying condition, " Don't give up 
the ship," made him a true hero. 

His father, John Brown Lawrence, was a mem- 
ber of the Council, a distinguished lawyer, and a loy- 
ali-t. He resided at Burlington, X. J., where the 
^ubject of this sketch was born. 

lie resided in the house now occupied by Jidm S. 
Jessuj), y.<i\. Among the early court records his 
name appears very frequently in civil cases, and he 
evidently had a large practice. With Gen. Daven- 
port, he was a member of the ante-Revolution " Fo.x 
Hunting Club." He died and was buried in Wood- 
bury, but the exact date could not; be obtained. 

Joitx B. Harrison". — He was born in Gloucester 
County, educated in the same county, and, save three 
years of his law studies in I'hiladeiphia, pursned 
his jirofessioD in the county. He was known as a 
scholar, a ripe lawyer, and a higli-toned gentleman. 
He died Dec. 21, ISCo, in the sixty-sixth year of his 
age. At the time of his death he was the eldest 
Miember of the bar. The criminal docket was heavy 
at that time, and his jirosecutorship about expiring. 
His duty required work, and his unremitted labor 
oveita.ved hi^ eiiergie-. After the adjournment of the 
court but a day or two, he was attacked by typhoid 
fever, and in a brief week's illness departed this life. 
He was a member of the bar for forty-hve years, and 
was never married. " He was a man rem.irkable for 
lionesty and directness of purpose. It iv,".s the great 
feature of his character." R. K. Matlock, Ksq., said 
of him, "Quite half a century we were comrades; 
as boys we met in the school-room and on the play- 
ground ; in after-years we were in daily intercourse, 
|"-r.ional or prolessional. hi youth, manhood, and 
old age he was characterized by the same elements 
of character. No one ever ehnllenged his truth or 
his sincerity, hi> generosity or his courage." 



To the common school, the Sabbath-school, and 
church <if every Christian denomination he con- 
tributed largely of time ami suli^tance. He was tioi 
a p'liitician, but he was a political schular. and no 
books in his libr.iry were so attr.ictive to him as books 
on government. 

ROHEKT K. M.\Ti.(iCK. — The son of Hon. Jan-es 
Matlock, at one time a member of Congress from 
1 Woodbury, X. J., whose American ancestor, William 
Matlock, was among the Quakers who settled at Bur- 
; lington, N. J,, about the year 1670. His mother's 
name was Elizabeth 3L\tlock, ni'c Kennedy. He was 
b'lrn in NVoodbnry, Jan. :2l', 1sii4, and died Ajiril 27, 
1S77, at his home in Woodliury. His law preceptor 
; was Charles Chauncey, Esq., "of Philadelidiia. He 
i was admitted as attorney X'ov. l.T>, LS27. and as coun- 
' selor Sept. 6, 1S33, and always resided in Woodbury, 
I and ranked high in profession. As a citizen he was 
I highly respected, and his services were always valua- 
1 ble to any cause he championed. 
I LE-VMING Matlock, son of the above Robert K. 
': Matlock, w as born in Woodbury, March 2G, lSo4 ; was 
: educated in Woodbury and Philadelphia. His law 
; preceptor was his father, R. K. Matlock. He was 
I adnfitted as attorney June term, 1876, and coun- 
selor June term, 1879, and is now in full practice in 
I Ills native town. 

I Thomas Prestiin C.vurENTEi;. lawyer and ex- 
: juilge of the Sujireme Court of X'ew .Ter,-ey, late of 
Camden, was born on April 19, ISO-i, at Glassboro, 
I Gloucester Co., X. .J., where his father, Edward Car- 
■ penter. was then living and operating the glass-works 
now owned by the Whitney?, his mother being a 
I daughter of Dr. James Stratton, of Swedesboro, 
' well known through that portion of the State as a 
i physician and a churchman. He was a descendant 
1 of Samuel Carpenter, Thomas Lloyd, and Samuel 
: Preston, well-known men in the early days of Penn- 
sylvania. His father dying v.dieu he was quite young, 
1 ^Ir. Carjjenter spent bis early life with his graud- 
i father, at Carpenter's Landing (now ^lantua). Alter 
; receiving a liberal education, he studied law with 
Judge White, of Woodbury, and was admitted as an 
' attorney in September, 1830. On October 20, 1838, 
he was appointed pjrosecntor of the pleas of Glouces- 
ter County, and took a iiromineiit [>art in several 
: very important trials, and among the first the one 
; known as the " Mercer trial" (March, 1343). On Feb. 
i y, lS4o, he was apjiointed by Governor Stratton one 
: of the associate judges of the Supreme Court of the 
i State, Ills circuit comprising Burlington, Camden, 
' and Gloucester Counties. On his retirement (after 
i seven year:^) from the judgeship he devoted himself 
I to the practice of his profession, principally as a 
' counselor, and was eminently successful. At the 
I breaking out of the Rebellion lie joined the Union 
! League of Philatlelphia, and gave his entire sympa- 
thies to the Union cause. In 18Go he was active in 
: promijting the success of the Sanitaiy I'air, oi;cupy- 



132 



HISTORY OF GLOIICKSTER COUNTV 



ing as he did the position of ]ircsident of the New 
Jersey auxiliary. }le married Rebecca, daucrliter of 
Dr. Samuel Clemens Hopkins, formerly of Wood- 
bury. He was an earnest Christian, and in the 
church (Protestant Episcopal ! he always held an 
honored imsition, beinLT for many ye;!rs vestryman, 
warden, and deputy to the dioct^an and general con- 
ventions. He was not only an able lawyer, but amid 
the cares of an active i>ractice he was thoroughly 
versed in classical and general literature. He was 
greatly respected throughout the State of Xew Jersey, 
"of which he was at the time of his death one of 
the best-known citizens. As a judge of the Supreme 
Court he was held in high esteem by his associates, 
and by the bar' of the State tor his ability, learning, 
and for the uniform good judgment which be brought 
to the consideration of cases. In the counties where 
he presided at circuits, and which he visited during 
his term of office at regular periods, his genial man- 
ners and kindly intercourse with the people made 
him very popular. Judge Carpenter was interested 
and active at home in all enterprises wliich atiected 
the prosperity and welfare of his town. In church, 
at the bar, and in society he was, during his life, 
one of the most prominent men of his native State. 
Overwork and a death in the happy home-circle, 
where, after all, his loveliest traits were shown, 
broke his health. lu 1S72 he had a slight threaten- 
ing of paralysis, and he never fully recovered from 
the shock. He died at his home in Camden on the 
20lh of March, 1S76. 

Among all the notices that ajipeared none summed 
up his life and character more truthfully than that 
by Bishop Scarborough in the Convention address: 

"Judge Thomas P. Carpenter, of Camden, after a 
life of singular purity and gentleness, was taken, not 
many weeks ago, from his labor to his reward. He 
held many important trusts in the diocese, and always 
won the respect and confidence of those who came in 
contact with him. ^^'hile he was an impartial judge. 
an able lawyer, and a man of generous culture in 
other branches of learning, he was a very Nathaniel 
in guilelessness. The femily,the parish, the diocese, 
and the whole church militant are, humanly speak- 
ing, the poorer for the death of >uch a jiian, but the 
store of Paradise is enlarged, which is far better." 

Hox. JosHCA S. Tuo.MPsON, A.M., lawyer of 
Swedesboro, was burn in Somerset County, Me., Oct. 
11, 1815. His parents, .James and .Susan (Patterson) 
Thompson, were both natives of that State, where his 
father followed agricultural pursuits, but his grand- 
father, John Thompson, belonged to Lond'irnk-rry, 
N. H., coming from a long line of ancu-tors in that 
section. After a thorough prejjaratory course in the 
])ublic schools and academies in his native State, the 
subject of this sketch entered W'aterville College, in 
the town of Waterville, ^le., an institution of high 
standing in Xew England, now known a;; Colby 
I'niver.^itv. Eiom lhi> college he was graduated in 



ISoO, after a four years" course, zealously pursued, 
with a degree of .V.P). In 1844 he received the de- 
gree of A.M.. in regular course. Electing to join 
the legal profession, he began the study of law in the 
ortice of Hun. \Vyman H. S. Moore, at Waterville. 
Here he enjoyed exceptional advantages in legal 
training, his prece]it<ir boing among the eminent 
lawyers of the State. Subsequently 3Ir. Moore be- 
came, in 1S48, attorney-general of the State, and, 
later on, was appointed by the Governor to fill a 
vacancy in the United States Senate, cau'^cd by the 
death of Hon. John Eairfield. Some years after- 
wards he was nominated and confirmed 'as United 
States consul-general for the British North Ameri- 
can ]irovinces. Umlor the guidance of tliis distin- 
guished lawyer Mr. Thump-on cunipleted his, legal 
studies, and was admitted to the bar in h.is native 
county, in the State of Maine, in .Tune, 1541. There- 
upon he entered into a law partnership with Ste|dien 
Stark, Esq.. a prominent lawyer of Waterville. This 
connection lasted, however, for about a year only, 
the delicate condition of his health, caused by ex- 
cej^ive mental labor, constant sedentary habits, and 
the severity of the winters in that latitude compel- 
ling him to seek a more genial climate for a residence. 
After due consideration he concluded to settle in 
Swedesboro, Gloucester Co., N. J., whither he re- 
moved in August, 1842. He could not, however, at 
once resume the jiractice of his profession, the rules 
of the Supreme Court of New .Jersey requiring a 
longer course of study and residence in the State as 
a condition precedeur to admission to its bar. In the 
mean time, therefore, having had the advantages of a 
thorough classical education, and appreciating the 
dignity and value of an educator, he, at the earnest 
solicitation of the leading men of the town, engaged 
in teaching in the academy at that place, and con- 
tinued so occupied for two years, or until his admis- 
sion to the bar, in September, 1844. This experience 
naturally aroused a lasting interest in educational 
matters in the community, and the manifestation of 
this interest has led to the reposing in him of various 
educational trusts by the community. Thus, about 
1S48. he was appointed by the board of chosen free- 
holders of the county as examiner of public-school 
teachers, and this position, wdiich he was so admira- 
bly fitted to fill, he occupied with great acceptability 
for about eight years. He was also for several years 
connected with the board of education of the county, 
lie headed the first teachers' iristitute ever held in 
the county of Ghjucester, at the ancient town of 
Swedesboro. 

During this period an agitation was commenced 
having for its object the i>a:vsage by the Legislature 
'<{ a now school law, and the movement was entirely 
successlul. A boaril uf cunimi>siuiK'is was appointed 
to report a ntv: school law with other revisions. 
Among other changes introduced by the new meas- 
ure was iheexten-ioii uf the selioul-guing ag'.'. Under 



GENKllAL IIISTOUV. 



133 



till- |iri>visiiins of the old statute the limit was from 
I'ui' to ^ixteeM year-:. Mr. Tiiniiipson entertained 
iho opinion tliat in.-itriu'iion >lionld be eontimied to 
eliildna until they were eiirhteeu years old. and that 
the vohool-jroiiig age should be extended to that 
tune, believing that during the additional two years 
the seludars would be so uiueh more alive to the ad- 
vantages of edueation, and so much more capable of 
comprehending their studies, their minds being more 
expanded and matured, as to make far greater 
progress than during their earlier life. He would 
jireferand recommend, in the case of males especially, 
an exten-ion to tlie age of twenty-one rather than to 
make eighteen the limit. He pressed his convictions 
on this subject so strongly upon the commissioners 
ai>poitited by the Legislature to revise the school 
laws, that his recommendation was adopted and the 
limit extended to eighteen years. 

He was married, on Dec. 24, 1S44, to Frances Strat- 
tun Garrison, daughter of Dr. Charles Garrison, late 
of Swedesboro. They had five children. The eldest 
daughter, Hannah, was married, Oct. 20. lSi39, to 
George B. Boggs, civil engineer, and resident super- 
intendent of the Delaware and Bound Brook Rail- 
road. Mr. Tliiiinp-^on acquired an excellent position 
in his prol'ession, which from the date of his admis- 
sion, 1844, he had earnestly prosecuted ; so high a 
rank he had secured by 1S47, and so lavorably was 
he regarded by the community generally, that his 
name was prominently mentioned by the press for a 
position on the Supreme bench of the State; but re- 
garding himself as too young in the profession for so 
exalted a station, he declined judicial honors and re- 
fused to take any stej'vs to accomplish the fulfillment 
of the wishes of his friends. In September, 184S, he 
was licensed as counseior-at-law, and on February 
22d of the following year he was appointed prose- 
cutor of the pleas for Gloucester County by Governor 
Daniel Haines. Five years later, on the exjiiration 
of his term, he was reappointed by Governor R. M. 
Price; again, on March 1, 1SG4, by Governor Joel 
Parker ; again, on March 1, ISCP, by Governor Ran- 
dolph ; again, on March 2, 1874, by Governor Joel 
Parker. At the expiration of that term he had filled 
this important position for twenty-five years, the ser- 
vice being continuous except for one interval, oc- 
curring between ISoO and 1864. This is, in all prob- 
ability, the longest service ever rendered by any one 
in the State as prosecutor of the pleas; and that the 
oflice sliould have been so continuously held under 
^ucces^ive administrations is sufficient testimony to 
the zeal, ability, and fidelity with which Mr. Thomp- 
son discharged his functions. The Governor makes 
the nomination to the Senate, and they have the 
I'ower to confirm or reject, as they may please. So 
!"i|'Ular and favorably known had he become that at 
Ilia la-t nomination they confirmed it by acclamation, 
without even referring his nauie to a committee, as 
was Usual. 



On July 0, 1848, at the time of his admission as 
counselor, he was made ma^^ter in chancery, and on 
Nov. 17, 1874. he was appointed a commissioner of 
the Supreme (^'ourt. He ever identified himself with 
the interests of Swedesl.ioro and his .idoptcd .State, 
and in all movements tending to their advancement, 
material and moral, he took an active part, in many 
being the jirime mover and leader. In 18o4, at the 
instance of the agents of the Camden and Amboy 
Railroad Company, he drew up a charter for a 
railroad from AVoodbury to Swedesboro, called the 
Woodbury and Swedesboro Railroad Company, and 
procured its passage through the Legislature; but the 
railroad under the charter was never constructed by 
them, its necessity being removed. In lSGt> he suc- 
ceeded in obtaining from the Legislature a charter 
for a railroad from Swedesboro to AVoodbury, called 
the Swedesboro Railroad, a distance of eleven miles, 
thus opening railroad communication, the lirst-men- 
tioned place previously being quite isolated I'rom the 
rest of the world. This project had been broached 
by him several years previously, as appears above, 
but this time he was bound to succeed. He encoun- 
tered not only opposition and discouragement from 
all quarters, but in some cases ridicule from those 
who would neither help build it nor let others do it. 
He, however, was well satisfied of its nece.ssity, and 
of the great advantage to the country through which 
it wouhl run, and undauntedly pushed the matter, 
step by ^tep and year by year, until complete success 
in its accomplishment crowned his public-spirited ef- 
forts. I'pou the organization of the commissioners 
and of the board of directors he was very fittingly 
chosen president of both, and he filled that position 
till his death. The road was opened for travel in 
September. 1S69. The friends of Mr. Thompson, and 
those who recognized the benefits conferred by the 
railroad on the country through which it runs, cheer- 
fully acknowledged that, owing its existence to his 
untiring elTorts and unbounded energy, it constitutes 
the cli'f-d'iiuvre of his life. !Mr. Thompson was suc- 
cessively elected a vestryman in Trinity Church, 
Swedesboro, for thirty years, holding that position 
for a longer period than any member of the board. 
To the rising generation especially his life and char- 
acter present a -notable example of energy of purpose 
and perseverance in doing good to his fellow-men, 
against any and all obstacles. He was attacked with 
paralysis October 21, and died Xov. 1, 1S81, leaving 
a wife and five children. 

Richard JIooke Wake, who is now in full practice 
at Muilica Hill, in this county, was born at Roads- 
town, Cumberland Co., X. J., on the 27th day of 
December, a.d. 1816. He is a son of the late Maskell 
Ware, who was also a native of Cumberland County, 
N. J., where the subject of this sketch received his 
early educutioi; at the public schools. His legal 
studies Were carried on in the offices of James B. 
Dayton and ex-Governor Vroom, at Trenton, N. J.. 



134 



jiistoi;y of gloickstki!. county 



liK iiaiuo lii'ini; mlually ciitcreil ;is a ^tluU•^t in 
the oflico oi' Mr. I):iyt(iii, but his uctiuil proroptor 
was Governor Vroom, I'rom wlioin lu' rccoivod pri- 
vate examinations. His license as ;in attornoy-at- 
law bears date Nov. 8, iSi'A, and lie was admitted 
as a counselor-at-law on Nov. l.S, .\.ik IstiT, and lie 
was also admitted to practiee bel'ore the United States 
Court at Trenton on Ajiril 4, 1S71, ami he is also a 
Supreme Court commissioner. Jlr. Ware is a Re- 
publican in politics, but has never held any elective 
cilice, though often urged to accept nominations from 
his party. His practice has been quite extensive, and 
he is a careful counselor and good advocate. His 
fine residence in the northern part of MuUica Hill 
adjoins the Episcopal Church, where he is a regular 
worshiper and one of the managing vestrymen. As a 
private citizen he is highly esteemed and respected 
for his kindnes.s of heart and sterling qualities. 

William Caukoll Fishkk. — Among the young 
attorneys of this county none ranked higher in his 
day than William C. Fisher, whose early demise, after 
receiving his commission as an attorney, was greatly 
regretted. He was a native of Woodbury, X. J., 
having been horn there on Dec. 31, a.d. 1S24, his 
father, Michael C. Fisher, being of Scotch-Irish de- 
scent, and his mother, Mary Reeves Fisher, being 
from English and Welsh stock. William attended 
the public schools of Woodbury and finished his edu- 
cation at the Westtmvn Lioarding School, and after- 
wards was enndled as a student in the office of Robert 
K. Matlock, Esq., where he remained for four years, 
being admitted to the bar in 1S45. He was a fine 
talker and gave every promise of becoming an orna- 
ment to the bar and a leading and influential citizen, 
but in a year or two after his admission to the liar lie 
was threatened with consumption, which disease 
finally (March 31, 1849) carried him oti' at the early 
age of twenty-live years. He was buried in the 
Reeves family burying-ground near Woodbury. He 
was unmarried. 

J.iMEs Moor.i;.— One of the leading members of 
the Gloucester County bar for many years was .James 
Moore; indeed, at the time of his death he stood at 
its head. He was an excellent cross-examiner and 
had a ready flow of language, which he was able to 
use to the best advantage, as was particularly dis- 
played in his defense of Michael Tighe, who was tried 
for murder in this county in 1879. 

Mr. Moore was born in Philadelphia, Pa., on the 
16th day of December, 1832, and died Sept. 17, 18S0, 
iu the forty-seventh year of his age. His father, Wil- 
liam Moore, was a Kaptist clergyman. James Moore 
moved to Woodbury in 1859, and for a time conducted 
a grocery, then entered the clerk's olfice as scribe, and 
afterwards read law with the late Robert K. Matlock, 
Esq., and was admitted to the bar as an attorney-at- 
law at the June term, A.D. 1809, and as a counselor 
at the June term, A.D. 1871. He was engrossing clerk 
of the New Jersey State Senate during the years 1869, 



1871, and !<72. but held no other 
clerk of the board of freeholders ' 
and city attorney of Woodbury, 
a lirpublican, but never held a; 



ofhie except that o 

ouiiscl for the sain. 

Politically he v,a 

■lective ollice. Hi 



widow ami three cliihlren iFaiinie Moore, Williaia 
.Moore, and Helen .Mo,,re) are still living in Wo.,d- 
bury. 

He was very active in the Presbyterian Churc-h, of 
which he was a member, and held many respo]i.~il)le 
positions. In literary circles he was a good debater 
and elocutionist, and as a citizen he ranked very high, 
being an upright, conscientious gentleman, and the 
friend of every enterprise that looked to the well'are 
of the i>lace. 

William Mnor.i;. — He is the only stin of the l:i;e 
,James Moore, Esq., and was born in Woodbury, Oct. 
4, 1861. He read law with his father until the hitter's 
decease, after which he entered the otl5ce of John S. 
Jes>ui>. Esq., where he finished his studies, and was 
admitted to the bar as an attorney-at-law June term, 
1883. He is now practicing at Woodbury, ami has 
already established some business. He bid> fair to 
become an attorney of ability. 

Joil>" Starr. — Mr. Starr was born in Philadelphia, 
Pa., on Nov. 23, A.D. 1832. Both his father, Joseiih 
Starr, and his mother, Rachel L. (Thomas) Starr, were 
natives of Philadelphia, but the family subsequently 
removed to Gloucester County, N. J., where mo>t ol 
the children still reside. 

The subject of this sketch received most of his edu- 
cation at Burlington, N. J., and subsequently entered 
the law-ofiice of John B. Harrison, Esq., of Wood- 
bury, N. J., and was admitted as an attorney-at-law 
on June 8, 1854, by tlie New Jersey Supreme Court, 
at Trenton, N. J. Five years afterwards he was 
elected, as a Reimblican, to the lower house of the 
New Jersey Legislature, where he served from 1859 
until 1862. He died at Woodbury, N. J., on the 29th 
day of December, a.d. 1869, of tyidioid fever, an'd 
was buried in the Woodbury Cemetery. Mr. Starr 
was a man of good education, a close reasoner, and of 
good judgment, and had he been sjiared to a longer 
life of Usefulness would undoubtedly have taken a 
high rank. lie was unmarried. 

J<isEPii T. SnKLKK. — The subject of this sketch 
is a son of Dr. John R. Sickler, of Mantua (late Car- 
penter's Landing), N. J., who was for about twenty 
years a judge of the Court of Common Pleas of 
Gloucester County, and a member of the New Jersey 
State Constitutional Convention of 1840. Joseph T. 
was l.iorii at Mantua, in this county, and is now about 
thirty years of age. He received his eiiucation at the 
public schools of his native town, and afterwards en- 
tered the lav,--oflice of R. M. Ware, Esq., of Mullica 
Hill, to learn the practice of law, and in 1874 was ad- 
mitted to the bar as an attorney-at-law and solicitor 
in chancery, and four years later was admitted as a 
counselor-at-law. His office has always been located 
at Mantua, his native town, and he lias also engaged 



GF.XKUAL HISTORY. 



IHo 



ill biisiiio-? lUilsiile of his prot'ossiMn aiul met with 
iiUK-li success therein. In iKililies he i< quite active, 
being a loader lunnn:; tlic I")eini)ci:its ii\ liis native 
township of Mantua, and an active and leading nieni- 
In r of society. He is unmarried. 

]"p\v.\ni> S. Sti;,\ttox was born in Gloucester 
Counlv about the year ISSS.and educated at the |iub- 
lic scliools therein. Somewhat late in life he enrolled 
Idni^clf as a student-at-law in the oliice of Ricliaid 
M. Ware, Esq., of JIullica Hill, X. J., and after re- 
maining there for a iieriod of four years, was admitted 
10 the bar, and began practice at .Mullica Hill. He 
was a fluent talker, and might have made a strong 
advocate. He died in IS78, after ]iracticiug only a 
few years, and was buried at Mullica Hill. 

Charles Bopixe CAP.iiAX. — He was born June 
19, 1S40, at Bordentown, Burlington Co., X. J. His 
parents' names were Alexander D. and Martha W. 
Carman. His ancestors were natives of England, 
and came to this country in IGol, on the ship "Lion." 
Mr. Carman was educated in Bordentown, and his 
law preceptor was Garrit S. Cannon, of the same 
place. He was admitted to the bar June o, 1SG2, and 
made counselor June S, 1SG5, and practiced in Wood- 
bury. He was an able lawyer, and ranked high in 
liis ]irofession, and until hi.-> health failed had about 
the best practice in the county. In the few short 
years of his practice he had attained an enviable 
place, and had liis life continued, he would have been 
an ornament to the bar in its higher branches. He 
was married Jan. 29, 1SG7, to Miss Maria E. Franklin, 
an estimable lady, then residing in Woodbury, and 
had two daughters, JIary Franklin and Louise Ham- 
ilton, all of wdiom survive him, and now reside in 
Philadelphia. Although never a politician, he was 
always deeply interested in politics, and was a 
stanch Ftepublican, stumping the northern portion 
of the State for Lincoln in 1864. He died Feb. 25, 
1873, of rheumatic neuralgia, and was buried at 
Bordentown. 

As a man he was respected and loved, as a Chris- 
tian lie was a bright examide, living up to those 
great truths and privileges which fit men for life. A 
Methodist in religion, he was active ii> working for 
his church, and as sujierintendent of the Sumlay- 
scliool, he drew around him those who cherish his 
ni.-niory and value the purity and sincerity of hi.s 
iiinis. 

JiiiiN Samuel Jf.ssui' was born on a farm near 
the village of Stringtown, in the township of ILirri- 
~oi;, Gloucester Co. His parents, .Jo.-eidi and Mary 
Je.-sup, hi.s grandfather, James Jessup, and great- 
grandfather, John Jessup, all lived in Gloucester 
County, N. J. The subject of this sketch received 
his first general education at the public schools near 
his native place and iluUica Hill, near to wdiich 
town his father afterwards moved. 

In September, 18.07, he attended the West Jcr-ey 
Academy, at Burlington, X. J., wheie he prej)ared for 



college, and entered the sophomore cla^s in Princeton 
College. New Jersey. September, 18r>2, graduating 
with the degree of .V.B. .lune, ISho. The same month 
he entered the law-olHce of the Hon. Frederick T. 
Frelinghuyseii, pre-ent Secretary of State, at New- 
ark, X. J., and pursued his studies there for one year, 
an<l after attending law lectures at Harvard Univer- 
sity, Cambridge, .Mass., for a year, he returned to the 
ollieeof Mr. FreliuLrliuysen, ami completed hi> studies, 
and was admitted to practice as an attorney June 1, 
18G8 ; as counselor June 8, 1871. 

< )n Xov. 2, 1871. he was united in inarriaize with 
Miss Mary M. Howell, daughter of the late Benjamin 
P. Howell, M.D., and has four children. 

Mr. Jessup held the office of city solicitor of \Vood- 
bury, where he has always practiced, from ]\[arch, 
187G, to March, 1879, and has been a member of the 
City Council from ^larch, 1879, to the present time. 
He has also been clerk of the board of freeholders 
from Sept. 2o, 1880, to the present time. He is a 
prominent member of the Presbyterian Church in 
Woodbury, and has acted as trustee and ruling elder 
for some time, and is counsel for the \Vest Jersey 
Presbytery. He is the oldest member of the bar in 
Woodbury, and stands at its head as an olfice-coun- 
?elor, and is an able lawyer and an upright Christian 
gentleman. Politically he is a Republican, and is 
alway^ true to the interest of his party, working zeal- 
ously for it, but not actively enough to be termed a 
politician. 

George Hexry Hewitt. — Tlii< gentleman is now 
in full jiractice at Clayton, and al.-o ha-, a branch 
office at Williamslown in this county. He was born 
at Glassboro, about three miles iVom his [jrisent resi- 
dence, on the 28tli day of October. .\.D. 1853. His 
parents, Hon. George C. and ..\bigail A. Hewitt, were 
both born in this county, and hi.> lather for a time 
represented a portion of the county in the lower 
branch of the State Legislature, where he distin- 
guished himself as a painstaking, careful, industrious, 
and conscientious legislator. George Henry was ed- 
ucated at the public schools in Clayton, where the 
family has resided for over twenty-five years, and at 
Pennington Seminary, a Methodist institution, in the 
upper part of the State, after which he entered the 
law-office of Hon. Samuel H. Grey, of Camden, wdiere 
he remained for four years, being admitted to the bar 
in 1876. In (.cditics Mr. Hewitt is a Republican, and 
in 1882 was a caiifiidate for the Republican nomina- 
tion for county ( lerk. In the townshiji where he 
lives he has been town^hij; clerk, atid is at the 
present time township collector. He takes an active 
part in the afiairs of the Methodist Episcopal Church 
at Clayton, and is the leader of the church choir, and 
is an upright, affable gentleman, having the rcsjiect 
of his fellow- citizens generally. 

Belmont P]:ki;y. — The present iirosecutor of tlie 
pleas of this county is the second son of the late Hon. 
Edmund Perry (a descendant of Commodore Perry. 



136 



1118T0UV OF (iLOi:Ci:STKU COUNTY. 



of Lake ICrio faiiiel, wiio Inr a mimbor of vtars was a 
judge on the beiieli of Ilmiterdoii Comity, at one time 
a State senator from the .~ame, ami in isi'.l pre-i.h'nt 
of the New Jersey State Senate. His mother, !C!i/,a- 
beth A. White Perry, was a native of Ilartforil, Conn. 
Jlr. Perry was born on tlie 14th day of >rarrli, Is.',}, 
at Flemington, N. J., wliere Iiis fatlier wa-^ at that time 



W^ 







I 



bi;lmo.\t pkrrv. 

practicing law and editing the Iliinlcnlon Countij 
Democrat. The public schools of hi^ native town 
afforded tlie subject of this sketch liis early educa- 
tion, and he was for a time a student of Col. Hyatt's 
Military Academy at Chester, Pa., tiuishing his edu- 
cation at St. Stephen's College, Annandale, N. Y. 
His law studies were commenced in the ofHcc of his 
father in the spring of 1S71, and in 1873 he entered 
the ofiice of Hon. E. S. Kuhl, where he remained 
until admitted to the bar at June term of the Su- 
preme Court in 1S7.3. For a year thereafter he was 
a teaclier in the classical department of the i)re- 
paratory school at Burlington College, New Jersey. 
In September, 1S77, he was married to Lida, eldest 
daughter of Rev. Daniel Thackara, of the city of 
Woodbury, X. J., and in the November following he 
located in that city for the practice of his profession. 
At the June term of the Supreme Court, 1S7S, Mr. 
Perr}' was made a counseior-at-law, and >ub-ec|uently 
received from the .-ame court tlie appointnieut of Su- 
preme Court coniniij--ioner, and in 1S7S, Irom Cha.i- 
cellor Tlieodore Runyon, an appointment as a.S[)eeial 
master in the Court of Chancery; In 1S77, Governor 
Bedle made him a notary jiublic, and in 1879 he re- 
ceived from Governor George B. McClellan the ap- 
pointment of prosecutor of the (deas of the county, 
succeeding in tliat ol.'ice Hon. Joshua S. Tliomp-^.n, 
of Swede^iboro, who had creditably and faithfully 
filled the position for the jirevious twenty-live year;. 
In jjolitics .Mr. Perry is a Democrat, and takes an in- 



terest in political matters, but never held any politi- 
cal otUce other than [irosecutor, and for a year th.^ 
ollice of city solicitor of Woodliury. He is a mtni- 
ber of the Itlpiscopal Church in his adojited city, and 
:ilso a member of the vestry, a member of the e.xecu- 
tive committee of the Gloucester County Bible So- 
ciety, and at one time was secretary of the Glouces- 
ter County Sunday-School Association. Outride of 
his iirofession he has been somewhat active, and a 
few years ago established and edited the Gloitixxtcr 
County Donocnit, a nourishing newspaper, devoted to 
the interests of the Democratic party. He is also in- 
terested as director in the Woodbury Glass- Works, a 
business enterprise that lias met with much success, 
and materially added to the city's pros|)erily. 

Robert Schi;.\ck Cly.mi:i:. — He was born in the 
city of Philadelphia, Pa., on the 23d day of August, 
1855, and is now twenty-eight years of age. His 
father, David M. Clymer, is a native of Philadel- 
phia, and his laother, wiiose maiden name was Abi- 
gail A. -Ashcraft, is a native of Carpenter's Landing, 
now called Mantua, Gloucester Co., N. J. He. at- 
tended the public schools in Philadelphia, and went 
from the George W. Nebinger Grammar School to 
the Boys' Central High School, where he completed 
a two-and-a-half-years' course. After leaving school 
he was a book-keeper until coiumencing study of the 
law with Belmont Perry, Esq., prosecutor of the 
pleas of Gloucester County, having resided in Wood- 
bury since M:iy, 1872. He was admitted to the bar 
at the June term, 1882, of tlie Supreme Court, and 
has since practice<l in Woodbury. In ]>olitics he is a 
Republican, and held for some time the position of 
city clerk, and is now the city solicitor. He is al-o a 
prominent member of the Methodist Church, and for 
a while was superintendeut of the Sunday-school. 
He is a young man of ability, and deserves credit for 
the perseverance and energy with which he has risen 
to his present position, .\lready he has consider- 
able practice, and with liis popularity among the 
people gives promise of a successful future. 

Ei'MUXi' B. Leamixg, of the firm of Leaniiug i'; 
Black, was born at Seuville, Cape May Co., N. J., 
Mav 24, 1857. He is a member of the family of 
Learnings that are so clo.sely identified with the his- 
tory of Cajie May County, bis father being Dr. J. F. 
Learning, of Cape May Court-House, and is a lin-al 
descendant of Aaron Leaming, of Cape May, one of 
the compilers of Leaming & Spicer's " Grants and 
Concessions." He was educated at his home under 
a private tutor. In 1S77 he commenced the study of 
law under Judge Buchanan, of Trenton, and in I'eb- 
ruary, 1881, was admitted to the bar of N'ew Jersey. 
In the fall of the same year lie formed a partnership 
with Alford L. Black, and at once commenced the 
Ijraciice ot his profession in Camden, N. J., estab- 
lishing a biancli ollice at \\'oodbury. In the practice 
i of law he has met with the rare success which his 
well-known ability and integrity merit. 



a:. 



GENKKAL IIISTOIIY. 



137 



ElvGAit Shin niis. — Swcilcslmro, in this comity, li 
liut one l:iwycr, llio stibjoit ol' this sktlL-li, wlio u 
born in tJKit town on tho '2'[]\ liay ol'.liino, \.l\ I"^" 



l.oinir thiTclorc- ni-t tuc 
|.;iniits, CiiarU's 1'. ami 
livinL' in trU(Mle>l>uro, \s I 
liii^incss ni'in anil for ii 
f.r: 



ity-ll.roe years ot" a-o. His 
Mary M. Sliivor>, arr siill 
irro his father is a leailins; 
lany years a justice of the 



K.l_L'ar f^liivers attended the Swedeslioro ].nl)lic 
^ehools, ami \va- afterwards prepared by a jirivale 
tutor to enter toliepe. liut liis fatlier, throutrli tlie 
a'lviee of Geor;;e N. Conrow. Esip, of Camden, con- 
cluded to put him at oiiee at tlie .-.liidy of law instead, 
and in June, 1877, lie entered the law-oftioe of Mr. 
Conrow to carry out this resolve, but in about eight 
montlis thereafter Mr. Conrow died, when Mr. Shivers 
entered tlie oflice of Judge R. T, Miller as a student, 
and liere remained until June, a. p. 18S1, when he 
was admitted to the bar as an attorney-at-law and so- 
licitor in chancery. He occupies the otlice ibrmerly 
\]<od by Hon. Joshua L. Thompson, and is a rising 
young attorney. Politically he is a Republican. 
. Rdbeet L. Akmsteoxg, Jl!., was a [iracticing at- 
torney in Woodbury for a few years. He was a son 
of the late R. L. Armstrojig, who was one of the 
earliest practitioners at this bar. His grandmother 
was one of the young girls who received Washington 
on his triumphal march from Xew York to I'hiladel- 
lihia to assume the I'resideney, and helped to strew 
(lowers in his path. 

XATitAxii'L W. VoHRHEEs, at the present time 
cashier of the First Xationa! Bank of Clinton, Hun- 
terdon Co., N. J., firaeticed law in Woodbury for a 
few months about 1S45. Ilis office was the one for- 
merly occupied by Sijuire Sparks, which stood on the 
site now occupied by Joseph Clement's house, Broad 
Street. He was a very diffident man and made little 
prfpgress at the law, soon giving it iif) to accept a 
position in the Clinton Bank. 

JciHX H. FoiiT, at present i>racticing law in Cam- 
den, was located at Woodbury for a tew months about 
187G, and built the office now occupied by a plumber 
and standing directly in the rear of C. P. .Vbbott's 
store. 

Joseph Pii:i!siix was. we believe, a resident of 
^^ oodbury,and a practicing attorney here many years 
ago, but it was impossible to obtain any data con- 
cerning him. 

The following names of judges and justices prior to 
177C appear on the court records of GloucesterCounty. 
'J'hey are given under the dates of their first appear- 
ance on the.ie records: 



ICSC. Francis C^llius. 
Thoiuas Thaclia 
John Wood. 
Afi.lrew KuU-,-,v 

l';s7. John So.it-liurel 
Christ. Walkiii- 
Saiuuel Spiccr. 

1C'J2. Ao.Jraw llube„& 



ICM, James Alkiii 
ThotiiKB r.art 
Joh.i llugg, 

ICOl. Juhu lU.v. 

I(i95. John liamUi 
John Son.erj 

1696. Williaiii Coo 
Josi|.li Brani 



! 1 



16'JS. SiorJenii Hovvi-n. 


1720. John Jones. 




Cliarli'sCr.Mlnvait.-. 


\-?,-2. Jacob .M"lcair. 




J,.,-, T.in. Hilton. 


John llinchman 




liiOT. John Kai-hn 


Joseph Cooper. 




Jan.M Wliitall 


1733. Alexander Morgan. 




riiili]. I'anl. 


Koliert Zalio. 




IToo. Tli..n,.i- Sharp. 


C.nstantin- Wood. 




ITOt. William Warner. 


173-1. Abraham Chattin. 




ITMJ. r.^t-r Long. 


Stephen Morris. 




George Lavvrence. 


1739. Thomas Wilkins. 




ITO.I. Tiuioth.v Atkinson. 


William Harrison. 




John Tatlmm. 


Simon V.Wh. 




1700. Eiiiiar.l Bu!l. 


1741. James Somers. 




WiUiain Dalljo. 


Joseph KniL-hn. 




Samuel Coles. 


1742. Thomas dies. 




Daniel Cooper. 


17:>5. Michael Fi-her. 




1710. Al.r.tham Torttr. 


Samuel Clement. 




1711. \Vooley Dall.o. 


Joseph Applyu. 




1712. Samuel Ward. 


17.JC. Edward Doil.ghty. 




Amos Ashknd. 


1757. Thomas Penny. 




John Stickle. 


Joseph Uairison. 




1716. Jonathan Wo'al. 


17C0. John I.add. 




171S. John FlrienJ. 


1762. Robert Friend Price. 




1719. Thomas Bisley. 


Daniel Leeds. 




1722. Thomas Spicer. 


17f.3. Elijali Clark. 




17-23. Japhet Lee.ls. 


Thomas Clark. 




1724. David Vanernau. 


1761. Henry Wood. 




L-a,ac Jennings. 


1770. Isaac Ka.^. 




172.i. Johnlnskip. 


1771. S.imuel Siicer. 




1720. Peter llamho. 


1772. Richard Somers. 




1727. Abraham Sid.inn. 


1774. Samuel Blackwood. 




172S. Alexander Pan.lall. 


George Vanleer. 




James Hirschnian. 


1775. Israel Sbreve. 




John Knghsli. ' 






JUDGES SINCE 177,^.l 




177t>. Ale.xaniierllaniiall. j 


1797. James Sloan. 




Michael Fisher. , 


John Black-.vood. 




Thomas Deuny. j 


James SIrattun. 




Isaac Kay. j 


Joseph Blackwood. 




1779. Robert Friend Price. ' 


Daniel Benezet. 




John Wilkins, Jl. | 


17SS. John Brick. 




John Cooper. 1 


William Tateni. 




17J1. Bodo Otto. 1 


Frederick Steelman. 




Joseph Ilugg. ' 


1799. Thomas H-=ten. 




17S4. Jolin Wilkins. j 


Jamci [lopkir.s. 




John Cooper. \ 


1800. Thomas Clark. 




17S.5. John Wilkins. 


ISOl. Joseph Champion. 




John Griffith. , 


Jeremiah Wuod. 




Joseph Ellis. i 


Charles Lock. 




Thomas Denn.v. 


Levi Rogers. 




17SG. John Somei-8. 


Isaac Pine. 




Robert Brown. j 


Joseph Kisley. 




John Sparks. : 


1S03. Joseph Rogers. 




17SS. Josepli Ilugg. 1 


Richard Cooper. 




1750. Richard Soniers. j 


William Tatem. 




1790. John Wilkins. 


Richard Tittermary. 




Joseph Ellis. 


1805. Richard Highee. 




John Griffiths. 


John Clement. 




1791. Robert Browu. 


! 1806. Daniel Steelman. 




JohnSi.arks. 


William Zane. 




1792. Joseph Blackwood. 


Abraham Inskeep. 




James Slratton. 


Joseph Champion. 




Thomas Carpenter. 


James Hopkins. 




Daniel Benezet. 


i James B. Caldwell. 




179:1. Joseph Hugg. 


! James Matlack. 




1705. Thomas Clark. 


I Joseph Eisley. 




John Wilkins. 


! 1807. Thomas Hendi-j-. 




Josepli Ellis. 


j John Marshall. 




John Grill, th. 


Matthew Collins. 




Samuel I\.ennard. 


James Paiicoast. 




1790. John Sparks. 


I 1808. Richard M. Cwper. 




Abraham In.-koep. 


Amos Cooper. 




1797. Isaac Jlitkle. 


Richard Tittermary. 




Micajah Su.ith. 


Joseph Sharp. 




1 From recort 


is at Trenliu. 





138 



IIISTOKY OF GLOUCKSTER COUNTY, 



ISOS, Joseph Kopers. 


l.S-22. 


John M.«r-hall. 


1 1835. Jesse Price. 


1843. William P.rrh. ' i 




ISU. Itobcrt N-evvell, 




Benjamin Weatlnrhy. 


Jesse H. Bowen. 


J..lin 51. Watson. \ 




Jos.-vh Kifley. 
J.ilui Cli'Mieiil. 


lyj:l. 


Chri»Iopl,er Sickler. 
Kichar.1 M. Cooper. 


William r,.rch. 
Joseph Garwixiil. 


Joseph C. C'llins. { 
Jesse Smith. | 


j 


1S12. Penjnniin r.nrrv.i.fli. 




Joseph Rogers. 


ISJO. Charles French. 


l^44. John Marshall. ) 




Jami'S Miilhi.k. 




Thomas Tlia.|..-.n>. 


Joseph Kogers. 


Samuel Richards. i 




-Mm Wilson. 




Ephraim Miller. 


Lewis .M, Walker. 


William Brown. J 




"n\1, emi.il. Bl.ukman. 




John Sleelnnin. 


Joseph Endicott. 


John 11. Jliller. \ 


! 


AlT;il.«Di Inskeep. 
John Ru.l.'iow. 




S;imu.d Cooper. 
Is..ac Pine. 


John Clement. 
1S3T. Tlion..is Redman. 


Joseph C. StafTord. U 
Joel Woi»]. g 


Jo=.ial. K.^ster. 


1S24. 


Job Brown. 


1 Jacob Howey. 


.b.hn Hanna. ! 




SMDluel W. H.irnson. 




James Tiincuast. 


John Mai-slull. 


William R. Cooper. | 




John Brick. 




Samuel C. Champion. 


Richard Staftovd. 


John R. Sickler. § 


&lninel Clement. 
James Hopkins. 




Isaac Wilkins. 
John Clement. 


Samuel C. Champi'.'ii. 
Josiah Harrison. 


Jesse C. Chew. ■ g 
John R. Rosenbaum. S 


Jame.'i B. CalJwell. 




John P. Vaneman. 


Michael C. Fisher. 


Johnson Beckett. '• 




JUllhew Gill. 




Joseph Lodge. 


1 1S3S. David B. Morgan. 


John H. Cooper. 




M.iltliewGill,Jr. 




John Kfirlh. 


James \\'. Sloan. 


Amos Campbell. ^ 


William Walson. 




Jacob Glover. 


Thomas S. Dyer. 


Benjamin Harding. * 


.i 


Thom,.s Summers. 




Benjamin We-ltherby. 


Ephraim Miller. 


Samuel Porch. % 


Kichard S. Risley. 


1S25. 


William Porch. 


Isaac Pine. 


Benjamin M. Richardson. 


1 


1313. John V.Clark. 




Joseph Eu'licott. 


1S39. Charles H. French. 


Ephraim Miller. 


e 


Joshna Uaines. 




Jehu Wilson. 


Thomas B. Parragh. 


1845. Joseph S.iunders. | 

1846. Jacob Howey. ^ 


James P.,ncoast. 


1S26 


John Clement. 


Joseph Franklin. 


Cliurles French. 




Joseph Risley. 


i James L. Gibbs. 


1847. Qi.arles Reeves. S 


John M .ishall. 


1S27. 


Joseph v. Clark. 


John Clement. 


1S48. Benjamin Harding. 


i 


faniel Kugland. 




John M.irsliall. 


1840. Levi L. Campbell. 


1S49. Joseph C. Gill. 


1 


Kichard M. Cooper. 
Eichard Titteiu.ary. 


1S2S 


Benjamin Weatherby. 
Daniel Baker. 


Philip J. Gray. 
Joseph Fntnklin. 


Benjamin P. Lippincott. 
1850. Joseph Saunders. 


1 


Joseph Sharp. 
Thomas Hendry. 
Jacob Glover. 




John R. Sickler. 
Joseph Eofers. 
Thomas Thackara. 


ISil. Joseph G. Gill. 

Joseph Franklin. 
1S42. Thomas Keilman. 


18S1. John M. Watson. 
1S52. John R. Sickler. 
1853. William R. Cooper. 


I 


Joseph Kogers. 




Ephraim Miller. 


Jacob Howey. 


18.54. John G. Rosenbaum. 


1 


Joseph Lodge. 
Nathan Fuhvell. 




Isaac Pine. 
John Piersoii. 


Richard Stafford. 
Samuel C. Champion. 


1856. John M. Wats.in. 

1857. John S, Sickler. 


i 
^ 


Jloses Crane. 




Thomas Redman. 


Josiah Harrison, 


1858. Benjamin F. Cirtel'- 


1 


Christopher Sickler. 
leU. John Steelman. 




Franklin Havenport. 
George West. 


Michael C. Fisher. 
Chailes Reeves. 


1859. Benjamin Harding. 
1862. John R. Sickler. 




Thomas Thackara. 




Christopher Sickler. 


Joseph Iszard. 


1863. Benjamin K. Carter. 


r? 


Sc.hy Stewart. 
ISlo. William Zane. 


1S2!J 


Job Brown. 
John Clement. 


. 1843. Benjamin Harding. 
James W\ Sloan. 


1S64 Simeon Warrington. 
1867. William D. Scott. 


i 


William .^ckk-y. 




Samuel C. Champion. 


Joseph ^\'ooloho^. 


ISCS. Benjamin F. Carter. 


i 


John Ffirth. 
Isaac Wilkins. 
181C. Robert Newell. 




James Paiicoast. 

John n. Cowperthvaite. 

Joseph Lodge. 


Benjamin P. Lippincott. 
I'harles H.French. 
David C. Ogden. 


1SC9. Simeon Warrington. 
1872. WillL.m D. Scott. 
1S73. John F. Bodiue. 


John CIcmcDt. 




James Chester. 


John K. Cowperthwaite. 


1874. David B. Gill. 


s 


Joseph Risley. 
1817. James JIatlack. 




James Hinchman. 
David B. Morgan. 


Simon Sparks. 
Isaac Hinchman. 


1877. Benjamin F. Carter. 
1678. Samuel T. Miller. 


» 


John Wilson. 
James Hopkins. 




Isaac Wilkins. 
Joseph B. Barker. 


Samuel E. Moore. 
Isaac Wilkins. 


1879. John M. Moore. 
1882. Edtnnnd Jones. 




ISlg. Samuel W. Harrison. 




Benjamin Weatherby. 


Thomas Bee. 




B 


Matthew Gill, Jr. 
Charles Ogden. 


1830 


Samuel Jliller. 
William Porch. 


JUSTICES PRIOR TO 1770. 


1 


John Marshall. 




Joseph Kndicott. 


16=6. Francis Collins. 


ISr.G. William Co.per. 


B 


William Harrison. 


1831 


John Clement. 


Thomas Thackara. 


Jonathan Adams. 


1 


Christopher Sickler. 




Isaac Hinchman. 


: John Wood. 


1697. Samuel Spicer. 


Richard M. Cooper. 




John Dunham. 


1 Andrew Robeson. 


Thomas Gardner. 


b 


Joseph L'.dge. 


1832 


Michael C. Fisher. 


; 16S7. John Longhnrst. 


John Kay. 


Joseph Rogers. 




John Marshall. 


i Christ. Matthews. 


Andrew R.jbeson. 


1 

(I 


Jacob Gk.iir. 




Benjamin Weatherby. 


; 1683. Samuel Spicer. 


John Hugg, Jr. 


1819. John Steelman. 


1833 


Daniel Baker. 


! 1602. Andrew Robeson, Jr. 


John Rambo. 


Samuel Cooper. 




James W. Sloan. 


1603. James Atkinson. 


Jonathan Adams. 


P 


Thomas Thackara. 




Jacob W. Clover. 


1 Thomas Gardner. 


1699. Thomas Gardner. 


u 


1820. William Zane. 




Thomas Thackara. 


, .lohn Hugg, Jr. 


John Hngg, Jr. 


n 


Isaac Wilkios. 




Ephraim Miller. 


1604. John K.ay. 


Andrew Robeson. 


\\ 


John Ffirlh. 




Christopher Sickler. 


1695. Si.muel Spicer. 


Philip Paul. 




George West. 
Jehu Wilson. 


isai 


Isaac Pine. 
Thomas Bee. 


Thomas Gardner. 
John Kay. 


John Cal.aeu. 
Janus Whiteall. 


\\ 


Joshua Haines. 

John Rudrow. 

1821. John Clement. 




Joseph R.'gerg. 
Simeon Sparkes. 
John- Clement. 


■ Andrew Robesnn. 
i John Hugg. Jr. 
John Rarnbo. 


Jonathan Adams.. 
Nathan Westland. 
Jo.eph Biaman. 




Samuel Clement. 




John K. Covvperthwaite. 


1 John Somers. 


Mordecai Howell. 


\\ 


Joseph Ri^h.-y. 




Isaac Wilkins. 


1 1C96. Samuel Spiter. 


Charles Crosslhwaito. 


i '] 


1S22. James Hopkins. 
Joseph V. Clark. 




Joseph E. Harker. 
Samuel Miller. 


Thomas Gardner, 
.lohn Hugg, Jr. 


Joseph Tomlinson. 
John Kaighn. 


t i 


William Harrison. 




Joseph Lodge. 


1 Andrew Robeson. 


nmi. Tlioni,.s Gardner. 


i' 


i:harlesOgden. 




John Godfny. 


John llanito. 


J,,li„ Kay, 


{} 



GKXF.RAL IIISTOJIY. 



139 



ITi^'. Arnlrcw Itobotfon. 

J>l,n llMCg.Jr. 

Joliii Kaielin. 

Th.'iniis Sharp. 

rliilil' l'""'- 

\Villi.Mn Warner. 

Juhii .<oni»rs. 
IT.'I. Tliam.i.i GurdHor. 

.VlidrcK Kobesori. 

John Kny. 

Jt.lin Kiiishn. 

Fl.ilil) r«ui. 

J,.|in llii^ri.-, Jr. 

Winhili. Warner. 

Jutm joiners. 
ITfri. I'c'tor Long. 

C.-..r!;«I.a«renee. 
17^^. IVtvr I.n.,g. 

Just'liti Tumlinson. 

Jolin RhuiLo. 

Mordecui llowcll. 

Timotliy Atkinson. 

Jolin Tatl>aui. 

James Steel man. 
i:'«. Kj. hard Dull. 

Abraham I'^rter. 

D.iniel Cooper. 

George Lawrence. 

Samuel Cole. 

Wooley BalLo. 

James Steelman. 
171(1. J.>hn Ruiiilw. 
1713, John Jes'up. 

John Iiiskeep. 
17H. John Soniers. 

George L;i«rei.>;e. 

Sanme! Coles. 
1715- John Kay. 

John Hngge. 

John Micklo. 

Confitantine Wood. 

Anioa Asliead. 

Samuel Ward. 
1717. John Scull. 
171S. John Ffuend. 
1719. Thomas Uisloy. 
1721. Thomas Spice'r. 
17^3. Jo.-eph Leeds. 
17'M. I^aac Jennings. 

David Vaneman. 

Ahn.ham Lydden. 
1727. Johii Mitchel. 

Jacob Vauemau, 

Isaac Jennings. 

John Jones. 

James Hinchman. 

John English. 

Alexander Randal. 
ITtl. John HiiK.lmiau. 



1737. 

i7ao. 



1747, 

1748, 
1765, 



. Alciander Morgni: 

Christopher Ta.% lor 

Jacob Jledcalf. 

Jcdin l.add, Jr. 
. Abraham Chatten, 

Amos Ireland. 

.Stephen Morris. 

Koliert Zane. 

John r.rown. 

Joseph Cooper. 

John Ilinehnian. 

John English. 

William Harrison. 

Thonms Coles. 

Thomas Wilkins. 

John Kaighu. 

Thomas Wilkins. 

Simeon Ellis. 

John Kaighn. 

Slichael Fisher. 

Samuel Clement. 

Joseph Applyn. 



I 17S1 



, Till 



iOen 



1772. 
1774. 



Joseph Harrison. 

Silas Doughty. 
. John LadJ. 
. Hubert Friend Price 

Daniel Leeds. 

Elijah Clark. 
. Edward Doughty. 

Henry Wood. 

Thomas Clark. 
. Ale.\ander Itandall. 

Michael Fi.-iher. 

Samuel Harrison. 

Robert F. Price. 

John Hinchman. 

Thomas Clark. 

Edward Doughty. 

Henry Wood. 

Thomas Penny. 

James Somers. 

James Hiuchmau. 

George Vanlear. 

Samuel Spicer. 

Isaac Jlickle. 

Samuel Kesley. 

Isaac Kay. 

Richard Somers. 

Amos Ireland. 

Jame., Dowman. 

Samuel Blackwood, 

Thomas Claik. 

Robert Morris. 

George Vanlear. 

Thomas Co.\. 

Israel Shrevo. 

Samuel Risley. 



JUSTICES SINCE 1776. 



l"*. Alexander Randall. 
Michael Fiiher, 
Thomas Denny. 
If:lac Kay. 
James Somers. 
Thomas Clark. 
George Vanlear. 
Kichai.i Soniere. 
Auios Ireland. 
Robert Morse. 
John Sjinrks. 
John Somers. 
Isaac Tomlinson. 
Josejih Cixiper. 
HodoOlto. 
John Wilkins, Jr. 



1776. Lemuel Sayre. 
Thomas Thorni 
Robert Brown. 
Isaac Elli-. 

1777. Samuel Risley. 
Joseph Hucg. 

1778. Matthew Gdl. 
Charles Fi-her. 
Thoma< R.'nna 
Joseph Collins. 

1779. R/jb»rt Viiend 
Thoma.s Taber. 
John Co.il.er. 



17S3. 
17S4, 



17b9, 
1790. 



Samuel Riu 

John f;ri:lil 

61. John Spaik, 



. John Somere. 
U.ac Tomilson. 
Ho.lo Otto. 
John Wilkins. 

Elijah Clark. 

Robert r.rown. 

Robert .Morse. 

John GMllith. 

John LiTIlo. 

John Hedger. 
. Joseph llugg. 

Joshua Smilh. 

Thomas Champion. 

Joseph lilackwood. 

Daniel Sontherland. 

Sawtel Elwell. 
, Joseph Hugg. 

Thomas Rennard. 
, ThoniM C.irpeuter. 

William Cozens. 

John Cooper- 
Samuel Kennard. 

Elijah Clark. 

Joseph Ellis. 

Thomas Denny. 

Beujar.iin Morgan. 

John Senurs. 

Samuel Ri-ley. 

Bcoj.iniin Morgan. 

Micajah Smith. 

Elias Smith. 

Jeffery Cl.irk. 

Robe.t Brown. 

John Spark.s. 

John Wilkins- 

John Griffiths. 

Joshua Sn'ilh. 

Joseph lilackwood. 

William Tatem. 

Joseph Husrg. 

Richard Somers. 

Daniel lienezet. 

Jellery Clark. 

Is;iac Jlickle, Jr. 

Matthew Gill, Jr. 

Samuel Kennard. 

Joseph Ellis. 

John Griffiths. 

Thomas Carpenter. 

MicajahSniith. 

Thomas Kenyard. 

Samuel Risley. 

Benjamin Morgan. 
. Robert Brown. 

John Sparks. 

John Wilkins 
. James Strattou. 

William Tatem. 

Joseph Blackwood. 

Thomas Ileston. 
. Joseph Hugg. 

Frederick Steclman, 
. Daniel llenezet. 

James Williams. 
. Constant Somers. 

Josej'h Champion. 

Abraham Inokeep. 

Thomas Clark. 

Edmund Ireland. 

Joseph fJllis. 

John Griflith. 

Sainu.d Kennard. 

Thomas Carpenter. 

Isaac Mickle. 

Samuel Risley. 

William Lane. 



1795 


Hi. 


Hn 


rd H 


gbee 




Mi 


«.) 


ih Si 


lith. 


1790 


Th 
Jcf 
Gil 


: 


as W 
V CI a 
1 As! 


ikiu 
rk. 
croft 



John Sparks. 
Isaac Mickle 
Micajah Suiil 
Riehaid Coop 



Jan 



iSlo 



John Black V 
John Brick. 



Wi 



Joseph Blackwood. 
Thonuis Hester. 
179S. Thomas Clark. 
Jeremiah Wood. 
Isaac 3Iorgan. 
Joseph Rogers. 
Joseph Risley. 



lith. 



Frederick Steelman. 
James Steelman. 
1799. Thomas Sonurs. 
James Hopkins. 
John Clement. 
Jonalbau Harper. 
John Cowman. 

1500. Thomas Clark. 
Abraham Inskeep. 
Thomas Wilkins. 
Micajah Snii!h. 
Richard Higbee. 
Joseph P. Hilman. 
James C. Wood. 

1501. Thomas Wilkins. 
Gibson Ashcioft. 
Joseph Champion. 
Jeremiah Wood. 
Charles Lock. 
Levi Rogers. 
Joseph Rogers. 
John Jlarshall. 

1S03. Richard Cooper. 

AVilliam Tatem. 

Richard Tittermary. 

Benjamin Eiirrongh. 

Charles Ogden. 

John Jennings. 

William Zane. 

Asa Gibbs. 

Samuel Wood. 

James Matlock. 

John FHrth. 

Joseph Lodge. 

Nicholas Justice. 

James Pancoast. 

John Wilson. 

Benjamin Preen. 

Joseph Risley. 

James Steelman. 

Nehemiah Bl.-ekman. 

Matthew Collins. 

Joseph Sharp. 
ISM. Amos Cooper. 

John Clement. 
1805. Richard lligbee. 

John Cawman. 
18(16. Daniel Steelman. 

Japhet Ireland. 

Abraham Inskeep. 

J.,=eph Champion. 

James Hopkins. 



V 



Jan 



I 1!. 



ngga 



140 



IllSTOUY OF GLOUCESTER COUNTY. 



Brazier W.'slcot 



! II.' 



ISH. 
1812. 



J..;iii 5Iiirfli;.ll. 
Malthew Cullins. 

Jolui St(-.-llu:in. 
Tliomris TliHck:ira. 
, Kiclinr.1 M. Cooker. 
Amos Cooper. 
Kkbard TL-tlerm^ry. 
JogepL Sliarp. 
Benjiiuiin Biirroiigh. 
William Zanc. 
Samuel Wo,nl. 
James ^lallack. 
Nathani.-l Cliew. 
John WiUon. 
James Panconst. 
William Harrison. 
Joseph Risley. 
James Blackuiau. 
EliaaSmilh. 
. John Clem.nt. 
Joseph Sloan. 
Kobert Newell. 
Samuel KiUe. 
Nathan Fohvell. 
William Porch. 
Thomas Garwood. 
Kehemiah niaikman 
Christopher fickler. 
William Tatuni.Jr. 
Jol. Blown. 
Moses Crane. 
Samuel Sowry. 
Seoby Stewart. 
Samuel Shnte. 
Abraham It.skeep. 
John Rudorow. 
Josiah F,.st"r. 
Samuel W. Harrison. 
John Brick. 
Samuel Clement. 
James Hopkins. 
James B. CaUlwell. 
Matthew fiill. 
Matthew Gill, Jr. 
William Watsnu. 
Thomas Summers. 
Kichard S Risley. 
Joseph T. Klfreth. 
Benjamin West. 
Isaac S. Collins. 
JohElJri.lge. 
Edmund Brewer. 
James Ja^-gart. 
Edward Caipenter. 
John D. Clark. 
Joshua Haines. 
Daniel Carral. 
. Chailes French. 
John Marshall. 
Daidel P^ni^land. 
Jusiah Moore. 
Lemuel Hialer. 
Samuel P. Paul. 
Ehcnezer Whitney. 
John Tice. 
Morton Stillee. 
Joseph Dilkes. 
Richard .Mollelt. 
Marma.Iuke Wood. 
John Ei«ar.:s. 
Hugh H. llolljnshei 
William Coffin. 
Thomas Ad.aiii. 



. Richard Steclm.in. 
Richard M. Coop<>r. 
Richard Tittermary. 
Joseph Sharp. 
Thomas Hendry. 
JacohGloxer. 
Joseph Rogers. 
Joseph Lodpe. 
N.athan Folwell. 
Benjamirl Burrough. 
William Zane. 
Samuel Wood. 
James JIatl.'ick. 
James Pancoast. 
James Illackman. 
Elias Smith. 
William Ackley. 
Benjamin T. Qieosmi 
Charles Fish. 
Joh Cole. 



. Thciuas Thack. 
Thomas Bee. 
William Uarri: 
Jehu WilsiOi. 
Josiah Atkinso 
Jesse Sparks. 
William Acklo 

. John Steclman 
&imuel Ojoper 
Joseph Bish'y. 
Stephen Kirb> 
Joseph B. Snia 
Nathaniel Che 
John Sickler. 



The 



as Ga 



Till 



sThf 



John Seckler. 
Andrew Ware. 
Thomas Bee. 
William Allen. 
William Miller. 
Andrew Crawford. 
Enoch Uabb. 
William Harrison. 
Jehu Wilson. 
John Thorn. 
Benj.amiu Wiikius. 
. John Steelman. 



enjar 



1 We 



rby. 



Japhct Hickman. 

Andrew B. Illackman. 

Joseph Winner. 

Joseph Risley. 

Stephen Kirby. 

Abraham Brown. 

Joseph B. Smallwood. 

Josiah Beckett, Jr. 

D.a\id S. Bassett. 

John Clement. 

Joseph Sloan. 

Robert Xenell. 
. John Ffirth. 

Isaac Wilkins. 

John Ra^iter. 
. William Porch. 



Tho 



asGa 






Joel Gibbs. 
Cornelius Tice. 
Moses Crane. 
Seaby Stewart. 
Robert Leeds. 
James Hopkin: 
. Sanmel W. Ha 
Matthew Gill, Jr. 
Charles Ogden. 
William Watson. 
Josiah Moore. 
Isaac Thorn. 
Thomas Somers. 
Benjamin Allen, Jr. 
Christopher Sickler. 
Samuel Clement. 
Joseph Endicott. 
Richard M. C-.voper. 
Joseph Lodge. 
Josei'h Rodger^. 
Jacob Gbjrer. 
John Marihill. 
William Z .ne. 
Samuel Wood. 
James Matlack. 
Job Cede. 



Robert Tittermary. 
Michael C. Fisher. 
Benjamin Wealherby. 
James English. 
Enoch Doughty. 
John Clement. 
Thomas B. Wood. 
John P. Vanenian. 
Samuel C. Pierce. 
lS-20. Isaac Wiikius. 
John Ffirth. 
George West. 
J..hn Baxter. 
John B. Cowiicrthwait. 
Joshua Raines. 
John Rudrow. 
William Coffin. 

John Pierson. 
John C. Tliackai-a. 

William Porch. 

Nathaniel Chew, Jr. 
1S21. Charles H. Ellis. 

Ephraim Jliller. 

Cornelius Tice. 

I5.iac Hinchman. 
182-2. James Hop.k ins. 

Joseph V. Clark. 

Lewis M. Walker. 

Isa.ac Thorne. 

Samuel Clement. 

Charles Ogden. 

James Hinchman. 

Josiah Moore. 

Christopher Sickler. 

Joseph Endicott. 

Joseph Garwood. 
1823. Christopher Sickler. 

Richard M. Cooper. 

John Marshall. 



Tho 



1 Bee 



Joseph Rogers. 
Thomas Thackara. 
John Wilson. 
William Harrison. 
William Ackley. 
Samuel Coejper. 
I5,aac Pine. 

Joseph B. >matlwood. 
Thomai Redman. 
Joseph Chatham. 
Enoch Doughty. 
John Steelman. 
Joseph Risley. 
John Stickler. 
Benjamin Weatherby. 
James Engli^i. 
Philip Ernmell. 
1S24. Job Brown. 

James Pai;co.Tst. 
Samuel <;. Champion. 
Samuel Wo.rfl. 
John K. Ccwperthwait 



lv)4. I-aac Wilkins. 
John Clement. 
John P. Vaneman. 
Joseph Lodge. 
•John Fllrth. 
John Coles. 
Thomas P. Clement. 
James Stoy. 
Samuel B. Hunt. 
Samuel B. Harrison. 
James Chester. 
Thom.is B. Wood. 
Elijah Bower. 
.Joseph B. Harker. 
Benjamin Say. 
George Cake. 
Stephen Kirby. 
Thomas Jlarahall. 
Sanmel B. Westcott. 
John C. Kille. 



1S23. Jo 



1 Pierso 



Nathaniel Che 
William Porcl! 



John C. Thackara. 
Villiam Coffin. 



Nalhi 



led ClK 



William Watson. 

John E. Sickler. 

Charles F. Clark. 

Andrew B. Blackman. 
lS2i;. Ephraim Jliller. 

Charles H. Ellis. 

John Salsl.ury. 

Josiah Atkinson. 

Daniel Focer. 

Charles Reeves. 
1S27. Joseph V. Clark. 

Lewis M. Walker. 

James Hinchman. 

Christopher Sickler. 

Joseph Endicott. 

Joseph Garwood. 
1S2S. Jacob B. Stokes. 

Parker Cordery. 



Robi 



t B. Risle 



Federal Champion. 
Joshua P. Browning. 
Joseph Scull. 
James L. Gibbs. 
John Marshall. 
Thomas Bee. 
Joseph Bogera. 
Thom.is Thackara. 
William Ackley. 
Isaac Piue. 
Thomas Redman. 
Joseph Chatham. 
John Steelman. 
John Sickler. 
Benjamin Weatherby 
James English. 
Philip Emmell. 
Daniel Baker. 
Willi: 
Franl 



I Ha 



George West. 
1829. Sliers Wilson. 
George Cawma 
John Godfrey. 
William Lee. 
Charles Beck. 
Jeremiah Fish 
Job Bruwn. 
Samuel I,". Clia 
John Ciem.-nt. 
James I'ancoa; 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



141 



]W9. John H. Cowperlliwaite. 
J..shua P. Browning. 
Mullm aJlins. 
Marniiduke Berkley. 
S;,ru:elB. Hunt. 


Hill 


1S38. Arthur Brown. 
John I. Cooi.er. 
Paul Sears. 
Eli Wilson. 
Richard Clark. 


I-Mc Wilkins. 


William ll.,rriSL.n. 


Jacob Park. 


James Slory. 


Jacob Wick. 


David B. Morgan. 


Joseph n. Uarker. 


James H.Chester. 


Richard W. Snowdo 


Benjamin Weatherhy. 
Benjamin Say. 
Stephen KirUy. 
Daniel Edwards. 


Samuel G. Ogden. 
John B. Miller. 
1S34. John Godfrey. 

Samuel M. Thorn. 


Jacob Troth. 
Joseph J. Hatch. 
Thomas S. Dyer. 
Thomas B. Darrach 


&imnel Miller. 


Charles Beek. 


Nathan Thompson. 


Thomas P. Clements. 
Joseph Lod^e. 
James Chester. 
David B. Morgan. 


' Jesse C. Chew. 
George Cowman. 
Joseph Kogers. 
James D. D^ittener. 


Ephrsim Miller. 
Ale.\aiHler H. Hay. 
Joseph Ch.atham. 
J.ame5 H. Chester. 


Snninel B. Westcott. 


John A. Ale.vnnder. 


John D. Glover. 


Pamoel Porch. 


Benjamin Burrough, Jr. 


Joseph C. Gill. 


1P3I.I. Nathan Thompson. 

liichaid B. Champion. 
James V.'. Moore. 


Samuel LaniuL-. 
Robert B. Risley. 
Joel G. Clark. 


1S39. Charles Beck. 
James M. Wolf. 
Isruic Hinchman. 


Pivid D. Eeemer 


John D. Norton. 


John Coles. 


Je^se Price. 


John eiemcDt. 


Samuel Pimm. 


Joseph C Gill. 


John K. Cowperthwaite. 


Abel Curtis. 


John Pierson. 


" Jo5hu.a P. Browning. 


James L. Gibbs. 


William Porch. 
JohnC. Thackara. 


Marmaduke Buckley. 
S.amuel B. Hunt. 


Joseph Woolohon. 
David Skou. 


Wlliam Coffin. 


Isaac Wilkins. 


James W. Lamb. 


• John K. Sickler. 


James Stoy. 


Joseph H. Moore. 


Charles F. Clark. 


Joseph B. Harker. 


Joseph Franklin. 


U31. Joseph Staru. 


Samuel .Milier. 


James H. Brick. 


John Dunham. 


Samuel Porch. 


John Clement. 


^Villiam Brooks. 


Benjamin Avise. 


Gilbert Kellum. 


Samuel Sailer. 


lS3o. John H. Richardson. 


ISM. Levi L. Campbell. 


Joseph C. Stafford. 
John CoTe. 


William Peacock. 
Marmaduke Beckley. 


Philip J. Gray. 
William J. Hatch. 


William K. Cooper. 


Solomon S. Cheater. 


John Rndrau, Jr. 


Thomas Wilson. 


Xatlian Thompson. 


John Eedfield. 


Simon Sparks. 


Jesse H. Bowen. 


Charles Davis. 


'Isaac Ilinchman. 


Joseph Starr. 


Robert Chew. 


Ephraim Miller. 


Benjaniiu Allen. 


Heniy Jackson. 


Charles Ellis. 


William Porch. 


Joseph A. Chatham 


Josiah Atkinson. 


Jesse Price. 


James Gibson. 


Nathan Thompson. 


John C. Thackara. 


John P. Sheets. 


James B. I.ane. 
John Salsbury. 


Daniel C. Cozens. 
James Leeds. 


Joseph G. Shinn. 
1841. Jacob Swope, Jr. 


1832. Michael C. Fisher. 


Foster Sears. 


Jacob L. Rowland. 


Lewis Woodward. 


John Westcott. 


Joseph Z. Pierson. 


Septimus Weatherby. 
John Harding. 


James Hinchman. 
1S36. Joseph C. Collins. 


Joshua Duble. 
Edward Brewer. 


Ciiristopher Sickler. 
Joseph Endicott. 
Jpseph Garwood. 
1833. Parker Corderj-. 
Gideon S. Ki^'.ey. 


John Dunham. 
Simon Sparks. 
Joseph Stafford. 
Samuel Sailer. 
Joseph C. Starn. 


Joseph li'.skip. 
John P. Curtis. 
Joel BodiuB. 
Benjamin Harding. 
. John B. Miller. 


Federal Champion. 


Charles French. 


George T. Risdou. 


Joshua P. Browning. 


Chailes Kaighn. 


Ira Bradshaw. 


Joseph Scull. 
Edinond Taylor. 
Richard Stafford. 
Charles H. French. 


John RedSeld. 
Lewis M. Walker. 
Joel Wood. 
David 11. Ackley. 


Benjamin H. Fislcr 
Simon Sparks. 
Isaac Lodge. 
David B. Leslie. 


Benjamin Harding. 
Daniel Forcer. 


Daniel Stoy. 
Joeel.h Atkinson. 


Jacob S. Bender. 
Josi.ah Atkinson. 


Jacob Glover. 


1837. Tlioinas Redman. 


John li. Hilyard. 


Zebulon Wolf. 
Charles Wiggins. 
Richard W. Snowden. 


Israel M. Scattergood. 
James M. Glover. 
John Pi. rson. 


1842. Michael C. Fisher. 
James W. Sloan. 
Josiah Hairison. 


Thomas Pr.rS4ins. 
Josej.h Lodge, Jr. 
Joseph Rogers. 


Michael C. Fisher. 
James W. Sloan. 
Josiah Harrison. 


William Keyser. 
John K.Graham. 
James L. Gibbs. 


John Marshall. 
Ephraim Miller. 


William M. Graff. 
Amasa Garwood. 


Ifrl3. Kicliard Stafford. 
Arthur Brown. 


Christopher Sickler. 
Thomas Bei-. 
Thom.ui Thackara. 
William Ackley. 


Samuel C. Champion. 
18:i8. Richard Staflord. 
Charles II. French. 
Daniel Forcer. 


. Richard Clark. 
Ceo.geCawman, Sr 
Samuel li. Woolnia 
Charlts H. French. 



. Paul Sears. 
Jacob Audress. 
Andrew DiUts. Sr. 
Thomas P. Clement 
Richard W. Snowde 
Jacob Troth. 
Joseph Woolohon. 
John K. Cowperthw 
Joseph StatVord. 
Is.aac Wilkins. 
James H. Chester. 



; Hi 



Joel G. Clark. 

Lemuel B. Hunt. 

J-ames D. Dulterer. 

Nathan Thompson. 

John C. Slieebs. 

Marmaduke Beckley. 

Joel Wood. 

Samuel Porch. 

John 31. Watson. 

Alexander R. Long. 

William Peacock. 

Johu Hanua. 

Joseph C. Collins. 

Jesse Smith. 
. John Marshall. 

AViUiam Brown. 

Ralph V. M. Cooper. 

Hugh Woodrow. 

Samuel Richards. 

John B. Miller. 

Samue! 51. Thorn. 

Samuel Pimm. 

Nathan T. Strattoo. 

John Daniels. 

Benjamin C. Downs. 

Joseph Reed. 

Ephraim Miller. 

Alex. Went?., Deptf„rd I 

M. C. Fisher, 

J. P. Slieets, Woolwich 
. N. Thomf^son, •' 

Jos. Iszard, Franklin 

Benj. Harding, ■' 

Samuel Porch, " 

I. S- Peaco<k, " 
. Sanil. Pimm, Harrison 

J. Lippincott, '' 

J. B. Miller, Greenwich 

J. M. Woir, 

J. C. Fastlake, 



liliug 



All< 



, Woolwich 



Wm. Kayser, " 

. Ale.i. Wentz, Deptfoid " 
M. C. Fisher, 
R. Bnrwell, 

J. P. Sheets, WooKi-ich " 
Caleb Roof, " " 

. Casp. Wirsham, " 
Benj. Salisbury, ■' " 

B.C. Downs, Franklin " 
Benj. Harding. " 
Samuel Porch, " 
M. Madden, 

. Samuel Pimm, Harrison " 
James Lipitincott, " " 

Simon Sparks, Deplford " 
Jas. M. Wolf, Greenwich " 
.Tohn Stetsir, " " 

C. Wir=liam, Woolwich " 
0. P. Shivers. 

J. S. Bendler, Mantua - 
J. M. Kitchen, " 



, H:. 



J. L. Sti^ 



142 



HISTOKY OF (iLOUCESTEli COUNTY. 



1857. M. C. H.irner, Unrrison t«-| 


. 1871 


T.W. Hani". Franklin twp. ' 


1SA8. Samuel T«lini, DeptforJ " 




Josei.h Wolf. Greenwich " 


AIox. \\>ntz. 




I. J.Gowj;ill, •■ " , 


Josluii) M»tlack, " 




John T. O-.len, Mantua ■■ 1 


J. P. Slipott, \V,,ol«kh " 




John DanieH, " " i 


1859. X. F. IiHikli, ILinison " 




D.S.AKlrich.W.ishington" 


Clias. Holton. Wot.Uvich " 


187^ 


S. IVaco.k, I'eiufonl 


J..s.La3l.l.-v, Franklin " 




\Vm. .Miller, Or.enwich •' 


Jacotf IVrch, '* *' 




Geo, Waltere, Harrison " , 


1S60. S.»nulel rimm, Harrison " 


! 


Jno. S. i:nlon, " " , 


N. F. IreJell, 




John For.l, Woolwich " ! 


Simon S|i.irks, Di-iitford " 




D.B. Leslie, W.Ueplford " | 


E. C. Jlontit, 


1873 


Jno. H. Coflin, Franklin " 1 


K.C. Jordan, Greenwich " 




Francis li. Uidgeway, Harri- | 


J. M. Wolf, 




Bon tw[.. 


CI". Shivers, ■\VooUvicli " 


1 


Matt. M Chew, Monroe twp- 


Eyh. Waters, 




C. W. ^n^ted, 


L. L.Canii.l.ell, Clayton " 




J. P. Sheet-, Woolwich ■' 


Benj. Ilardinfr, 




S. H. L.iJd, Woodhury City. 


18G1. I. C. Krvan, Harrison " 




John P. Sheets, Logan twp. 


J.W.Ea3tIack,Uoptrord " 


1S74 


C. Buckmau, Deptford " 


Wm. I>. Scott, 




R. A. Rosenhanm, Franklin 


Davi.l B.Gill, Greenwich " 




twp. 


Isaac Ilinchnian, '" " 




W. P. Crane, Franklin twp. 


J. S.BenJI^r, Mantua " 




J. Keen, Washington 


John Daniels, 


1673 


B. M. Turner, Clayton '■ 


Sauil.L. I-zard, Cl.ayton " 




Chas. E. W,.;f, 


Benj.F. Duhoist. " " 


1 


Jno. J. Comhs. 


1862. Levi 11. Dav;s, Harrison " 




Chas. n. Wolf. Clasihoro " 


Benj. C. Downs, Clavton " 




G.C.Slthens, Harrison " 


1863. W. R Jlankin.DertforJ " 




N.F. Iredell, 


Benj.D.Si.arks, " . " 


! 


0. W. Hunted, Monroe " 



Ale 



. We 



John Ford, Greenwich " 

J. P. Sheet?., Wouiwich " 

0. J. Abhott, Clayton 

. Jas.H.PiersoD, Deptford " 

1. J. Cowgill, Greenwich " 
Johns. Mullen, '■ 
Chas. Holton, Woolwich " 
W. P. Crane, Franklin " 
Jos. P. Lashley, " 
Charles B. Wolf, Cl.iyton " 

. N. F. Iredell, Harrison " 
Samuel Pimm, " 

JepthiiAblX)it, Deptford " 
J.V.Cheeseman, " 

C. P. Shivers, Woolwich " 

E. Waters, Jr., " " 

Benj. Harding, Clayton " 

. Jesse C. Chew, Deptford " 

I.J. Cowgill, Greenwich " 
David B.Gill, 
Joseph Wolf, 

John T.Ogden, Mantua " 
n.M.McIlvaine, " 

. J.B Simmons, Greenwich" 

S. P. Haines, Harrison " 

Chas. P. Souder, " " 
John Ford, Woolwich 
Joel Locke, 

. C. M. Campbell, Clayton " 

Alel.Wentz, Deptford, " 

John P. Sheets, Woohvich " 

. Chas. B Wolf, Clavlon " 
Saml. L. Iszard, " 

Wm. P. Crane, Franklin " 

Joe. Lashley, " " 

I. JchnK Morton, Clayton " 
Jhb. Pennington, " 

Jeptha Abbott, Deptford " 

N.F. Iredell, Harri=on " 

J.Lippincott, " " 

JohnF.Tniitt.Wo.dwich " 
Eph.S. Waters, 

. Bero, Harding, Clayton " 

U. F. Kenoe.ly, I/eptford " 



Eph. W.iters, Wotd«ich " 

C. P. Shivers, 

J. Abbott, Woorlbnry City. 

T. Pilling, Washington iwp. 
Ifi7ll. Benj. Harding, Clayton " 

S. n.Fiillerton, Deptford " 

Chas. Y.. nog, Franklin " 

Joseph Wolf, Greenwich " 

I. J. Cowgill, 
' John T. Ogden, Mantua ■' 

' John Daniels. 

W. H. Livermore, Woodbury 
i City. 

i William C. Fletcher. Wood- 

I bury City. 

I J. Keen, Washington twp. 

i S. Chew, West Deptford " 

j 1S77. S. Peacock, Deptford " 
; John S.Rulon, Harrison " 

■ John Ford, Woolwich ■' 

I I. .T. Hill, Woodbury City. 

\ John F. Truitt, Logan twp. 

1S7S. A. Eastlack, Deptford 

T. U. Atkins, Franklin " 

J. P. r.eece, Ilariison 

Wm. Bo.line, .Monroe 

S. H. LadJ, Wi.odbuo- City. 

Daniel L. Lamb, Washing- 
ton twp. 

John P. Sheets, Logan twp. 
lS7'.t. J. A. r.iggins, Franklin " 

Wm. P. Crane, 

Philip Schlag. I.,..gan 
1680. E. M. Turner, Clayton " 

K. Edmonds. 

Wm. A. Wiirriner, Fr.inklin 
twp. 

E. D. Riley, Franklin twp. 

Chas. B. Wolf,GlaS6U;ro " 

G. C. Silhcns, Harrison •' 

N. F. Iredell, 

C.W.Husted, Monroe twp. 

C. P. Siiivers, Woolwich " 

Wm. C.Nicholson. Washing- 
ton twp. 



IS.^0. J. Abl«jtt, WiH.dl.nry City. ' 1S82. Frank De Merchant, Dept. 
l.s.Sl. Joseph Wolf, Deptf.,rd twp. ford twp. 

A. C. Dalton, Franklin " 

I.J. Cowgill, Gre.-nwich " 

John Daniel.s, .Mantua " 

Joseph Shuster, " " 

W. H. Livermore, WcK-lbury 



City. 
Stille Chew, West Deptfor.i 



G. Jennings. Deptford !«,, 
J. P. W.itson, Glassboro " 
N. J. .Instic.?, Harris.jn " 
John F.ird, Wouiwich 
W. \Valkins, Wo.)-il ury City 
Jacob .S. Bendler, Washing 

ton twp. 
Philip Schlag, Logan twp. 



CHAPTER ^XX. 

MEDKAI. rUOFK.-.-IOX OF GLOUCESTER COUNTY.i 

Ix the e.irly lialfof the [>re«ent century there were 
very few reguhirly licensed or gratluateJ physieiaiij. 
All sorts of qnacks^lierb, Indian, Thomsonian, and, 
finally, eclectic and liomn?opathic — settled in and 
practiced thronjh the connty. 

Here, as elsewhere, are always found those who are 
ready to iinpo<e on the ignorance and credulity of 
people who know nothing of professional matters, liut 
the proportion of such in Gloucester County cannot 
be lon-idered excessive. 

Medical Societies. — Xo medical society is known 
to have been formed here prior to ISIS. In that year 
one was organized by authority of the State society. 
The physicians signing the application for authority 
to form this society were Drs. Dayton Lummis, 
Tliomas Hendry, Jfiseph Fithian, Lorenzo Fisler, 
Isaac Davis, Benjamin Erwin, Francis Hoover, \Vii- 
liam Hunt, Samurd Harris, Bowman Hendry, J. .1. 
Foster, Ezra Baker, and John C. "Warner. 

The society continued to hold its reguhir annual 
and semi-annual meetings up to December, 1S21, and 
then from some cause they were discontinued. It 
was reorganized in March, 18-30, at which time Dr. 
Charles Garri.son was elected a member. After tliis 
meeting no records appear till ^lay, 1S46, when a 
charter was granted by the State society to Drs. Jo- 
seph Fithian, C. F. Clark, Joseph C. Weatherby, 
Thomas J. Saunders, John K. Sickler, and Benjamin 
P. Howell. Under this charter the society was organ- 
ized, with Drs. Joseph Fithian, president; Charles 
Garrison, vice-president; Thomas J. Saunders, secre- 
tary ; and Joseph C. Weatlierby, treasurer. Sections 
9 and 10 of the constitution adopted by the society 
were as follows : 

" Sec. 9. Duties of Membeis.— At each annual and semi-annual meet- 
ing there shall he an essay read on some medic.,1 subject by the mem- 
ber designated at th- previous meeting by tiie preii-lent. Shall not be 
eicused, and a f..:lure being one dollar tine. 

"Sec. 11). The presi.lent .-hall apptjint a member who shall report all 
epidemics of the cunty during the year,— tais at annua! meeting.— 
their nature, mortality, and treatnient." 

The first address was delivered by the president, 
Dr. Joseph Fithian, on t!ie subject of hygiene. At 



GHNKRAL IIIS'I-OIIY. 



143 



ill,' IK'M nioctiiii: an e#s:iy on tlio sulijeol "f scail;^- 
liiKi ":>> i<.^''il I'y r>r. C. Giirrisoii. At tlir lueolini; 
in clct'ilier. 1S47, Dr. t:^icklor iriive an ossay on " The 
l'hil..-o|ihv of t!io l[ian:ui Min.l," and Dr. Howoll 
,,no "II the " Asiatic Choiin-a." At the nifetinjr in 
K'Jr.i, Dr. ."fannilers read an e>say on " Lunatic -V-sy- 
hiin^. :ind the Duty of Physicians liesjiectini- Tlicni." 
At tlic annual meeting in 1S50. Dr. J. F. (.Tarri.-on 
rcid an c^^ay on " Periodic or Recurring C'.ilic:i." 
At th.i-i niectiijg tlie delegates to tlie State Mcilical 
.•Society were in.structed to hring before that body the 
iiii[iortancc of a higli .-tandard of preliminary educa- 
lioM uniong those entering the profession. At the 
-eini-annual meeting in the same year, Dr. Fithian 
cave an essay on the ''Philosophy of Man," and at 
the annual meeting in ISOl, Dr. C. Garrison was the 
cs~ayi>t; subject, "Thrombus of the Labium and 
O-ificatiun of tlic Placenta." The essay by Dr. 
Clark, at the annual meeting in LS")2, was on "Dys- 
entery." .At that meeting the following fee-bill and 
resolution wire adoiited : 

"CoHDsel fef3, ..ill to Eo.OO; visit in town, .50 to ?1.00; vi.Mt at night 
in country, SJ.iJO; in town .it nigtit, .51.00; visit out of town to four 
miles, Sl-00, and .2". for each additional mile; consnlLilion fees. SJ.OO to 
$5.00 for first visit, S2.00 for second, and Sl.UO for Ihinl; tiotli physi- 
cians receiving like fees. All otlicr rates same as adopted h\ tlie State 
Medical Society.— /JeciOTii £<i!cs cf 1S51. 

"netvh:,t, Tl...t any violation of tlie above .adopted rates of charges 
lecon-iduiid asdi..h.ii.uraWe and a violation of profession.il liuiie=ty." 

The es-:iy i-ts in 1S53 were Drs. Sickler and Howell. 
Dr. Sicklci's -.uliject wtis " Erysipelas." ami Dr. How- 
ell treated of the then recent epidemic of yellow fever 
in Philadelphia, in wdiich he had volunteered his 
services. In 1S57, Dr. S. T. Miller read an essay on 
"^Medicine as a Science;" in ISoS, Dr. H. C. Clark 
was the essayist, subject, " Amputation ;" and in 1859, 
Dr. Halscy read an essay on " Scrofula." 

No meeting of the society w:is held after ISiil till 
ISGG, on account of the absence in the war of the Ke- 
bellion of many of the members. 

In 1867 the constitution of the society was revised, 
though but few alterations were made. One change 
provided that meetings should be held quarterly, the 
Code of charges was revised, a minimum was est:ib- 
li>lied, and the rates ordered by the State society 
were cut down. 

During the past fifteen years the society has niet 
regularly, often being entertained in a most princely 
nuiriner by different inembers.of the society at their 
re-idences. Representatives of the press and honor- 
able gentlemen from various parts often convening 
witli the members at these meetings, all higiily en- 
joyable and instructive. 

Pi;i;^f).\Ai, REMixisci:Nc:r.s. — Dr. James Stkat- 
T"-""'- — The Stratton family emigrated from .Stratton 
"ill, in ICiiL'land, to New Ensland in the -eveii- 
'■ eiith century. In the title to East Ham], ton, Long 
Ishmd, acijuired by Eaton and Hopkins, in l<i 18, of the 
^achemsof the four eastern Indian tribesof the ishmd, 
and traii-.f. rred bv them to the setllers of the town, 



we find the n.ime of Ridiard Str.itton. In Pir.O, and 
after t!ic dealli uf S;,chem Wyandanch, his widow, 
called .'^i|U;iw S.udiem. :ind her sou uniteil in a deed 
of ci.nlirinaUon to the original purchase of Montank. 
.\mong the nanies in the origimd conveyance are 
those of Richard iind John Stratton. C)ne of them 
was the father of Benjamin, who removed from E:\st 
Hampton about 1700 to Fairfield. Cumberland Co., 
X. J., and became the livst of the family of this luime 
in New Jer:-ey. (Thoni]ison's "Long Island."; 

The subject of our record was a son of ISenjainin 
and Sarah, born August, 1705. Of his early life 
;ind education we are not informed. He studied 
medicine with Dr. P.enjamin Harris, of Piitsgrove, 
Salem t.'o., N. ,1. Almost his only book was Cullen's 
" First Lines." He married a daughter of his pre- 
ceptor before he w:is of age, and first settled in 
Clarksboro, Gloucester Co., six tniles from Swedes- 
boro. where he began his practice. Ujion the 
breaking out of the war in 177ii he g;ive his services 
to his country's cause. Alter the war, thouirli he had 
a wife and three children, he went to Phiiadel|dii:i, 
and attended medical lectures in the I'niversity of 
Pennsylvania for one winter. He then removed to 
Swedesboro, and entered upon the service of his life 
in the practice of medicine. He soon liecame the 
leading physician in that jiortion of the State. His 
practice, extending over a country of tliirteen or four- 
teen miles, taking Swede>boro as a centre, extended in 
each direction. He was very popular and eminently 
successful. He was also a man of great influence in 
civil and political atTairs, was judge of the court, and 
administrator and executor of many large estates. 

His practice often called him from Woodbury to 
Salem, and from the Delaware River to twenty miles 
in the interior. His hai.iit was to rise early, do hi= 
writing and preparations for the day, breakfa>t by 
candle-light, and then start in his two-wdicel sulky, 
without a top, and return if he could before night ; 
with a change of horses, start again, seldom getting 
home till late at night. His students, of wdiich lie 
had a number, were employed on his return in com- 
jiimnding his medical preparations for the next day's 
nece?sitie3. 

His obstetrical practice was not correspondingly 
large, as at that time and in the sparse population it 
was necessarily in the hands of women midwdves, 
though his services were always sought in all ilifficult 
and [ireternatural cases. He used Sinillie's forceiis, 
but was probably not an adept in the employment of 
the instrument, as few at tluit time were. 

Upon the death of bis wife he married (2) Mis> 
Mary Creighton. of Had lonlield. P.y Ids first mar- 
riage he had one son, wdio died early, and two 
d;nighters. Py his m/coihI marriage he had seven 
children, one dying in infancy. Ho was the lather 
of the Rev. Samuel V. ^trait-m, of the Protectant 
Ejiiscopal Church. :ind the Hon. Clnirlcs C. Stratton, 
who was elected Go\ernoi- of the Slide of New Jer- 



144 



HISTORY OF CJLOUCKSTKR COUNTV. 



sey. Dr. Strattoii was roiiiarkablc tor his strict moral 
and religious habits, lie early joineil tlie rrotestant 
Ei>isc(i|>al Cliiircli, and was an cllieient iiieinlier. 
15eing very lond of music, he usually led the songs 
of the congregation. He venerated the Lord's Day, 
and so timed his ]irofe.ssioual engagements as to 
secure for himself the privileges of the sanctuary. 
He retained his predilections for the Puritan faith, 
and assembled his t'auiily on Sunday al'tiTuoon to in- 
struct them in the Westminster Catechism. He was 
possessed of a line, commanding figure, of genial 
manners, and Christian tenderness, and full of sym- 
pathy. He was one whom everybody loved and re- 
spected. As a politician he was a Federalist, and 
his influence with the people was such that, with the 
exception of si.\ persons, he controlled the entire 
vote of the township. 

He left a large landed estate, but the fall of prices 
after the war of 1S12 very much reduced its value. 
He was grandt'ather of Dr. Benjamin Harris Stralton, 
of Mount Holly, recently deceased, one of the Fel- 
lows of the Medical Society of New Jersey, of which 
his grandfather was a member in 17SG, and president 
in 17SS. 

The following obituary notice was published at the 
time of his decease : 

"On Sunday, t!ie 29th ult., departe.l ttiis life at liis residence ne.ir 
Swedesboro, Gloucester Co., in this State, after .-v short illness. Dr. 
James Slratton, aged fitty-seven yeare. Tluis, iu the midst of life and 
usefulness, in jiossession of the love and esteem of all ulio knew him, 



is this amiable and respectable man 
cietybythe hand of death. May his 
consolation in the well-grounded hojn 
of ODsatisfying enjoyments fur scenes 



snatclied from his family and so- 
bereaved family and friends find 
1 that he has exchanged a world 
of bliss and glory. 



" Dr. Stratton was of that description of men who are justly styled 

. the pillars of society, active, intelligent, sensible, dignified, a Christian 

and a patriot. The chasm created by his death will long be marked in 

Diournful recollections by his surviving relations and neighboi-s and 

fellow-citizens." 

His tomb in the old churchyard of the Swedish 
Evangelical Lutheran Church of Raccoon (as Swedes- 
boro was then called), now Trinity Protestant Epis- 
copal Church, bears this inscription : 

"Sacred to the memory of 

Dr. James Stratton, 

who departed this life March ;:!)th, 1.S12, in the 

57th year of his life. 
With a mind strong and well cultivated, he was 
uncommonly useful as a citizen and as a Chris- 
tian. His piety and virtue will long be held in remembrance." 

James Straiton Genealogy. — Married (1) daughter 
of his preceptor, Benjamin R. Harris, and had Anna, 
wlio married Dr. J(din L. Stratton ; S:irah, who mar- 
ried Edward Carpenter, lather of Hon. T. P. Carpen- 
ter, of Camden. 

Married (2) daughter of Hugli Crei-hton. and had 

Samuel, a clergyman in the E|iiscopai Cliurch, v.'ho 
died about fifteen years since. 

Charles C, iirst Governor of Xcw .lersoy under 
the new constitution. 

Maria, who married (1) Dr. Ercuries Fithian, and 
(2) Daniel P. Slratton. 



Isabella, wlio married Burgh Howey. 

Harriet, who married Dr. .Icwcph I'ithian. 

Frances, now still living in Pliiladeli)!iia. 

Di;. FRcriiiEs B, Fitiii.\x succeeded Dr. James 
Strattoii in the practice of medicine in Swedesboro; 
was a son of Joel Fithian, who was sheritl' and also 
in the Legislature. He studied medicine with Dr. 
.Tames Stratton, and marrieil his daughter Maria. In 
ISlii he associated with him in ]'ractice Dr. Jose[ih 
Fithian. He died siuhlenly in tlie same year. He 
was a very popular pliysician, and was much esteemed 
I as a gentlemaii. 

Dr.. Daytox Lu.M.Mis, one of the founders of the- 
Gloucester County Medical Society in ISIS, was a na- 
tive of Salem, !N'. J. He married a Miss Cooper, who 
died before him without issue. He )>raetieed medi- 
, cine in Swedesboro for a short time, and afterwards in 
AVoodbury, Gloucester Co. He is described as a 
dashing, energetic young man, very popular and effi- 
cient as a practitioner. He was stricken down by 
disease in eariy manhood, which terminated his life 
in 1821. Th<? Glovirsto- Herald and Fanner, in the 
number for Aug. S, 1821, has the following notice: 

"Died, on Snuciay morning hut, at his late residence in Woodbury, 
Dayton Lnmmis, 51. D., in the forty..'irst year of his age, of consump- 
tion, after an inihspositiou of eight years, which he bore with almost 
unexampled patience and resignation. He was a good neighbor, a sin- 
cere friend and h-;sband, and he died ;i5 be had lived, beloved and 
esteemed by all who knew hiin." 

His remains were buried in Christ Church burying- 
place, Philadelphia, where was erected a stone bearing 
a brief inscription of his age and date of his death. 

Dr. '\VlLLli.5t LuMMis was an elder brother of 
Dayton. He also practiced in Woodbury, and was a 
physician of great experience and intelligence. Dr. 
Rush, professor in L'niversity of Pennsylvania, in his 
writings upon yellow fever, frequently alludes to Dr. 
Lummis. In 1T9S he wrote a letter upon yellow 
fever as occurring in Woodbury, to wdiich allusion is 
made in Part I., section " Pestilence.'' In the early 
part of this century he left .N'ew .Tci'sey, and settled in 
Ontario, in tfae State of New York, when it was al- 
most a wilderaess. 

Dr. Bexja.mix Ei;\\i.v was a practitioner of medi- 
cine in Swedesboro early in this century and prob- 
ably in the latter part of the last. His outfit was a 
poor, raw-'ooaed, sluggish horse of the Rozinante 
make, his carriage a rickety, one-horse vehicle called 
a .sulky on ta-o wheels, with no top. He was gross 
in person, wiih a face rough and red, ornamented by 
a nose of the somato pattern, full of brag, and a great 
talker. He Jisid the confidence of the people and a 
very large practice,' though it was a common saying 
in regard of him, " What a pity it is tliat he will 
drink!" He died about ]82o. (From the Recollec- 
tions of Dr. Joseph Fithian.) 

Dr. Is.\.Aci>.\vis, Jr., was oi:e of tlie original found- 
ers of the Gloucester C(junty District .Medical Society, 
which he joiiieil Dec. 8, ISIS. He settled in Swedes- 






.J 






■y.^r/A//. r 7/y///^/y, 



GENKKAL IlISTOltV. 



115 



(►..ro. ;iii<5 pniclicL-d there for :i luunbor of ye:irs; \v:i^ 
,,:iii,' iMipuUir lip to tlie time of llev. Mr. Xorniaii 
Nj^Ii. vvlioso cauro and cour-^e ho very warmly sup- 
i.url'^il, and whioli resulted in much trouhlo in tlio 
Kpi-oopal Church at that time. He owned a large 

, iri,i verv valuable — in Pittsirrove, ^alcni Co.. and 

;i!-<) the place knowu as the Jennings farm, near 
.<i\cdc^boro. He afterward lost much of his jiroji- 
,itv. and, I understand, renioveil to the western eoiin- 
irv. His «'ife was Jliss Sarah Ivans, a very lovely 
and estimable lady, and greatly beloved by all who 
kn. w her. 

])i:. i)AXli:L V.vx,\EM.A.x succeeded liini in prac- 
tice, but became discouraged by losing his first pa- 
tient, soon left, and settled in Salem County, X. J. 

.Joseph Fitiilvx, M.D. — Dr. Filhiau was bom 
.Tnne '2o, 1795, in Fairton, Cumberland Co., X. J., 
and s|ient the early years of his lite in Fairfield. 
Here he engaged in study followed by a jieriod as 
teaclier, after which he prepared lor the Ihiiversity 
of Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia, where he graduated. 
.Swedesboro was clioseu as his earliest field of labor. 
Here he remained one year, and at the expiration of 
that time established himself at Woodbury, N. J., 
having entered into partnership with Dr. Eli Ayres, 
who soon relinquished his share of the practice, which 
was continued uninterruptedly by Dr. Fithian for a 
period of half a century. He was married, Nov. 12, 
ISlT, to Miss Harriet, daughter of Dr. Stratton, of 
Swedesboro, and sister of ex-Governor Stratton, who 
died May 9, ISiiO. He was a second time married, 
Oct. 28, 1852, to Mi.-.s Hettie G. Cattell, daughter of 
Thomas W. Cattell, and sister of ex-United States 
Senator Cattell, of Salem, N. J. To this marriage 
were born children, — Josephine, wife of Rev. E. W. 
Hitchcock, D.D., and Sallie C, who died at the age 
of twenty years. Dr. Fithian's death occurred, after 
an extended life, memorable for its usefulness, on the 
lull of January, ISSl, in his eighty-sixth year. The 
following memorial prepared by an attached friend 
embodies a ju^t e-timate of hi- character and abilities : 

"In Uie il^atli oflir. J. Fitliiiiii, Ilie coniinunily in wlji. li lie lias lived 
su long has 6ust»infJ the luss of a veiierahle citizen, liislinfpiished for 
hi^. high personal cliaracter and a long career of usefulness both in his 
prufessiou and iu his private life. F.ir full half a century he was ac- 
tively engaged in his |ir..fe=sioD, and wou for liiniself an enviable repu- 
tation for his skill as a physician, and his untiriii- devotion to a large 
and widely extended piuctice. 

"A man of studious habits, his acute logical mind grasped the princi- 
ples upon which the science of medicine is haEed, and doubtless in some 
ni.ler field than that in which he located he Would have risen to dis- 
tinction among medical celebrities of his age. 

"In the earlier years of his professional life he wrote frequently for 
the mediad journals, and also prepared liunierous p:ipersof value, which 
»ere read at the meetings of the New Jersey Medical Society, and were 
pulilished in their annual reports. Among his brethren in New Jereey 
he *ia an authority in the profession, and was held iu high enteem as a 
luost BucceEsful jiractitioner by many of the eminent medical men of 
fhil.idelphia, both of the past and present generation. The Utc Dr. 
Cc.rge U. W ood, in his work on the ' I'r.aciice of Medicine,' quotes him 
as high authority on some questions of piactice, and that eminent 
scholar and autlior, Professor Gross, v,ho knew him personally, spoke 
of him since his death to oneof liis nephews in the most complimentary 
terms aa a man of note in the profession. After a career of fifty years 
10 



in active practice, liaving acquired a contpeti-ncy, he retired therefrom 
and gave himself u|i almost entirely to what was the greatest pleasure 
of his life, rea.ling and study, and for tlie hist fineen years few men 
spent more hours with l»x.ks than Dr. Fithian. His extensive read- 
ing and his retentive memory furnished his discriminating mind with 
, a rich store of knowledge, whicli made him one of the most interesting 
conversationalists I have ever met. To this was added a rac^t imposing 
presence, anil a genial and courteous manner, which won the respect 

■ and regar.i of all who ce.me in contact with him. lie was, moreover, 
a Christian philosopher. He brouglit to the e.\amination of the 
great questions which affect our relations to things beyond the grave 
his well-balanced reasoning powers, and while recognizing in its fullest 
me.iuing the force of the declaration of the greit aposlle, that 'with- 
out controversy great is the mystery ot goilliness,' he accepted the 

; liible as the revealed word of God, and Christ Jesus as the saviour of 
mankind. In this faith he lived and died, exercising for more than 
fifty yeai-s the office of elder in the I'resbyteiian Ciiurch. Profoundly 

I convinced that the liible was the ordained means for the conversion of 
the world, he organized nearly fifty years ago the Gloucester County 

■ liible Society ; was its first president, and remained at its hea.l until his 
i death. He had passed the extreme limit assigue.l by the I's;ilm st as the 
; duiation of human life, and iu the full possession of all his faculties, 

mental and physical, in a beautiful green old age he died, full of years 
and full of honors, at his own home, in the liosom of his family, sur- 
rounded by those he most loved, and has gone to reap the reward of a 
well-spent life.- 

Dii. Cit.viii.ES G.VRRisox was born at Deerfield, 
Cumberland Co., N. J., March 17, ISOO; studied med- 
icine with Dr. Buck, of Bridgeton ; married Hanuah 
L. Fithitui, sister of Dr. .Joseph Fithian, before he 
was of age, ttiid before he graduated I'rom the Uni- 
ver?ity,of Pennsylvania. He entered upon the prac- 
! tice of medicine in FairKju, Cui.ibcrland Co., where 
; he remained only about one year, and where his sun, 
I Rev. Joseph Fithian Garrison, M.D., was born. He 
I removed to Clarksboro, Gloucester Co., in 1823, and 
I from there to Swedeslioro in 1S24, where he con- 
tinued in active practice till stricken down by pa- 
ralysis in November, 1871, and died April 12, 1875, 
of abscess and softening of the brain, as a sequel* of 
! his attack in 1871. 

: A warmer-hearted and kindly, generous man than 

] he never lived, — a true friend and brother to all in 

i need of help and sympathy. His practice was very 

extensive and extended over a large space of country, 

keeping him on the road nearly all the time, his 

noble and estimable wife and students, of which he 

had many, being employed in compounding and pre- 

I paring his medicines in his absence for his uext day'a 

necessities. For a long time he kept five liorses, all 

, fast drivers, and they had as much as they could do 

} to carry him his rounds among liis many jtatients. 

I As a diagnostician and prognostician he was remark- 

j able, seeming to see almost intuitively just what was 

the matter, and the probable results. Was an earnest 

! though humble Cliristian, I'eeling himself or his 

I doings to be nothing, but resting unwavering in his 

I faith in Jesus Christ. 

! He was a very successful practitioner, a great 
reader, a close, logical thinker, most of his reading 
being accomplished while riding over the country 
; visiting liis jiatients. He always kept himself well 
: booked up in his profession as well as in genera! lit- 
erature aiifl the current tojiics of the day. Was an 



141) 



KISTOUY or GiAUICESTini COUNTY. 



earnest, tlioroiiirli Roiniblie;ui, and took tlio di'opest 
interest in everytliinf;- iHTtaiuing: totlie late civil wr.r. 
Was at one time in ISoJ very an>Lioii> to voliiiitoer as 
a surgeon, and drew lots with Dr. Ilalsey as to wliieh 
of them shoiild iro, the lot ialliug on Dr. llaUey. 
Few leave this world with more warm-hearted Irieiuls 
to mourn his loss. He associated his son, 

Dr. Joseph Fithiax GAitiusox, with him in 
practice in 1S4-"), and they together eontrollerl the 
practice in all this part ot" the county. The latter 
was born in Fairton, Cumberland Co., Jan. 20, 
lS2o; was esiiceially noted as a hard student, a 
perfect book-worm, always preferring the compan- 
ionship of his father or his books to anything else. 
His health not being good, his father bought him a 
boat, hoping he would by this be induced to take ex- 
ercise in the open air. With this he would row him- 
self to some secluded part of the mill-pond which 
skirted the town, and there spend the greater part of 
the day poring over his books, his most congenial, 
chosen companions. His health becoming more en- 
feebled he gave up practice, which he found too 
laborious and exposing for him, and commenced the 
study of divinity, and was admitted to orders early 
in 1855, and was immediately called to the rectorship 
of St. Paul's Protestant Episcopal Church, of Cam- 
den, N. J., where he has been, and still is, rector 
for the past twenty-six years. lie graduated from 
Princeton College with high honors, the president 
remarking that he was fitted to take the highest posi- 
tion in any profession he might choose. He is also a 
graduate of the University of Pennsylvania, Medical , 
Department. He is a Mason of high standing, and 
has written the most elaiiorate treatise on symbols 
and history of ilasonry ever produced, which article 
he lias delivered before many large bodies of that 
fraternity. 

Dk. Luther F. Hai.sey succeeded Dr. Joseph 
F. Garrison in the practice of medicine in Swedes- 
boro, in January, 1S55 ; was born in Bucks County. 
Pa. ; prepared for college at Woodbridge Hail, at 
Perth Amboy, and entered Rutgers College, at Xew 
Brunswick; afterwards studied medicine under the 
preceptorship of Dr. C. S. Baker, — than whom there 
does not exist a clearer-headed or more erudite jjhysi- 
cian, — and graduated from Jeiferson Medical College. 
After whicii he spent some time in Europe perfect- 
ing his knowledge, and upon returning home was 
urged to settle in Swede.sboro, where he has lived 
ever since, exce[>t the three years he spent as -urieon 
in the army, where he occupied im])ortant positions, 
generally as one of the chief operators in his corjis. 
It has been often said of him, " he is a natural-born 
surgeon," in which department especially he has been 
most successful. 

Dl:. Fl'.AXCl8 H(i(jvi;i;, father of Josej)'.! Hoov.r. 
the celebra'ed ink ii-.an, u ho was one of tin- I'ounders 
of the Gloucester Count}' Mclical .Society in fieveiii- 
ber, IS! 8, practiced in Swede^boro, and af:.-rn.'irds ro- 



movcil to Phi!;u!el|>l.i.i. .U one time, while living in 
^^^vcde-llo:■o, Mitiie cue sciit tor liim in a great hurry to 
come and set a broker, leg. He innneaiatciy aitenderi 
the call, and i'out;d it w.-is a turkey whose leg wa- 
brokcn. He ex;.re>.-ed ::"> inili::nation, but proceeded 
to set and s|diut the leg. and gave explicit directions 
how to care for tlie patient, and left very soon there- 
al'ter, sending in a bill for his professional services. — 
which was cor.t^>led, but which he recovered by pros- 
ecution. 

Di;. JEf.KMiAit J. Fosn:K settled in Woodbury, 
and ]iracticeJ there extensively and very successfully, 
and was very popular with his patrons and the whole 
community ; w.as one of the founders of the Gloucester 
County Medical Society. 

Di!. CiiAKLES F. Clark practiced in W(iodbury 
for about fifty years; graduated from the Fniver-ity 
of Pennsylvania; joined the County ^ledical Society 
May -1. 1S36; wa.s quite a noted surgeon, arid a very 
able, successful, and jiopular practitioner. He was 
greatly beloved by all who knew hiiu, and was es- 
pecially noted as a friend and helper to all young 
practitioners; hence did probably the largest consul- 
tation practice in this part of the State. He had 
many students, some of whom became the most able 
and eminent men of the country. 

Drs. Ezra Baker, Bowman, Hendry, Samuel Har- 
ris, Lorenzo Fisler. Thomas Hendry, William Hunt, 
John C. Warner, Charles D. Hendry, J. P. Thorn- 
ton, and I. S. Mulford all lived in or practiced in 
the county, and were meiubers id' the County Med- 
ical Societ}', and were active and efiicient practi- 
tioners of medicine. 

Dr. Thomas J. SArxDEit.s graduated from the 
L'niversity of Pomsylvania, and settled in Wood- 
bury, and was a very successful and acceptable practi- 
tioner. Joined the County Medical Society June lo, 
1846, and was a very earnest, active member. 

He remove<I to the western country about ISoij or 
1857, ami was much missed by liis many friends, an'l 
esj-'ecially his professional brethren. 

Dk. Juiix R. Siri<;L>;R graduated March ]^, !S2'', 
trom Jeiferson Medical College. Settled in Mantua, 
I'ormerly called Carperiter's Landing. Joined the 
County Medical Society, June 16, 1S46. Was ap- 
pointed judge of the court for sever.al terms, and his 
judgments wer*; very seldom disputed or reversed by 
higher courts. He always leaned to mercy's side, 
feeling and knvwing the imperfections of humanity. 
He always kej-t open liou-e, and very often enter- 
tained his protVsional brethren at his truly hospitable 
house and table. Was elected president of the State 
Medical Society in 1859, which body, as well as the 
county society, he very often represented as delegate 
to national and other .State societies. He was quite 
an active ijolitician, and was elected State senator. 

L'l;. Ben.tamix p. Howeli.. — Truly "a gentle- 
m.i.n ot the oid scho(d," always dignified, courteous, 
ai.d scrar-iulo'jsly [:o!ite in all his intercourse, ar.d 




-~^. 




GENHHAL Hl^JTOKV, 



147 



ariv iiRO p;i*siiii: liiiii on the ^trci't uoulil iiistinclivoly 
;iirn around after ]i:H#in<: and take ;i pndonged look 
:it liini. 

A graduate of the I'niversity of reniisylvaiiia. and 
bceame a member of tlie county society, June lii, 184i!. 

Dr.. Bkxjamix F. CitAni.i.M practiced a sliort 
time at Mullica Hill, then removed to Delauare. 
Joined the County Medical Society in .Tunc, l--}i;. 
I'lulerstand he lias since died. 

Du. Elijah \Vili;y graduated from .Tellerson 
Medical College, settled in Suedcsboro, and was a 
very excellent and successful practitioner, and would 
have ranked very high in the prot'ession had he not 
been claimed so young as a victim of consumption, 
•loined the County Medical Society, June, 1S4(5. Died 
in February, 1S47, and was succeeded by his brother 
George, lie continued active practice up till within 
two days of his death, and even tried to dress and 
ride the day before he died, but was wholly unable. 
A man of great character and indomital.ile persever- 
ance. 

Dr. GeoR(;e AVii.ky graduated from Jefferson 
Medical College; settled in Swedeshoro after bis 
brother Elijah's death, but in about three years there- 
after removed to Brideshurg, Pa. ; again back to 
Swedesboro in 1862, and again back to Bridesburg 
in 1805. 

Dr. Pl_ i;l>EK >ettled in Swedesboro in 1S40, 

but only remained here some lour months. 

Dr. John Gillmax also practiced in Swedesboro 
for a short time, and boarded with Mr. and Mrs. E. 
C. Talman, as did also Drs. Elijah and George Wiley, 
Purdee, and Reeves. 

Samuel T. Miller, M.D.— The ancestors of Dr. 
Miller were of Irish birth. His grandfather was John 
Miller, who married Betsey Borough, and had chil- 
dren, — Borough, John B., James, .Sarah (Mrs. Elias 
Kaigu, of Camden), Abigail (ilrs. William Beck, of 
Philadelphia), and Ann i Mrs. V\'il!iain Uendersonl. 
John B. was born on May 12, 17'.'7, in Glouce.-ter 
County, and during his active life engaged largely in 
farming and the shipping of produce, principally in 
Greenwich township. He was early a Democrat, 
but later espoused the principles of the Piepnbliean 
party, and was honored by both parties with orlicial 
position, having been thrice representative in the 
State Legislature and judge of the County Court, as 
also an early justice of the peace. He married Miss 
Elizabeth A., daughter of Samuel Tyler and Grace 
Ambler, of Salem, and had children, — .-Vbiguil W. 
(Mrs. A. AV. H. Hall), Samuel T., Lydia A. (Mrs. 
James M. Roe), Emily (Mrs. George H. Gaunt), 
Anna (Mrs. Z. Sickler), Edward G., Lizzie (Mrs. 
Daniel V. Summerell), Charles F., and John Mason 
(deceased). Mr. Miller died April i], lS-08, in his 
sixty-first year. His widow still .lUrvivt-s, in her 
eighty-fourth year. Their son, Samuel T., the sub- 
ject of this brief biography, was born Nov. 21, 1826, 
in Greenwich tov/nship, Gloucester Co. He enjoyed 



in yiuitli liberal advantages of education at Penning- 
ton. X. .1., where his studies were continued until his 
twenty-tirst year. Ho then decided upon a jiro- 
fessional career, and choosing that of medicine, en- 
tered the otlice of Dr. Joseidi C. Weatherby, of Chirks- 
boro, where his studieswere continued for tiiree years, 
meanwhile attending lectures at the medical depart- 
ment of the I'niversity of Pennsylvania, fnnn v>-hicb 
he graduated in 1S.3(I. The village of Harrisonville. 
in Gloucester County, lirst oilered an inviting tield, 
where he remained one year, and then became estab- 
lished as a practitioner in Paulsboro, his present 
residence. His quick intuition, discretion in prac- 
tice, and thorough knowledge of the science of medi- 
cine readily obtained for him an extended and profit- 
able practice. He has recently relinquished the 
arduous laliors of his profession, and devoted his 
time to the manag<?ment of his three productive 
farms, and to the interests of the Delaware River 
Railroad, of which he is secretary and treasurer. 
The doctor, in 1862, entered the army as assistant 
surgeon of the Twelfth New .Jersey Volunteers, and 
served for three years, during which time he was 
delegated to hospital duty, and participated in many 
engagements, his services having ended with the close 
of the conflict. He is an active member of both State 
and County Medical Societies. Dr. ^Miller is in poli- 
tics a Democrat. He has been identified with his 
township as freeholder for successive terms, and was 
appointed by Governor McClellan judge of the Court 
of Common Pleas, as also a second term by Governor 
Ludlow. He has for years been actively interested 
in the cause of education, and officiated as superin- 
tendent of schools for his township. The doctor was 
married, ilarch 4, 1856, to Miss Fannie M., daughter 
of Jacob and Mary D. Price, of Paulsboro. Their 
children are John B. and !JLary E. Mrs. Miller 
having died Oct. 26, 1879, he married, Jan. 11, 1882, 
Miss Jennie L.. daughter of John F. Forepaugh, of 
Philadeljdiia, and his wife, .Jane Learning, of Cape 
yiny County, X. J. 

Dr. R, S. Graham was son of Rev. Graham, 

Presbyterian minister of Woodbury, where he settled 
in practice after graduating, but soon removed to 
Chester, where he became a very popular and highly 
respected practitioner. 

' Dr. Robert S. Smallwuod graduated from Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, and practiced for a short 
time in Woodbury, but was soon carried off by that 
fell destroyer, consumption. 

Dr. Sa.muel F. Fisler graduated from Jefferson 
Medical College in spring of 1844; settled in Clay- 
ton, formerly called Fislerville or town ; has ever 
proved a very pojiular and successful physician, clear, 
close thinker, and close observer; joined the county 
society in 1851. 

Dr. Hexry C. Clark graduated from the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, and joined the county :-o- 
ciety in 1854; settled in Woodbury in practii-e with 



J4S 



HISTORY OF (;louci:ster count V 



his father, Dr. C. F. Chirk. In ISoG ho wrote an ehibo- 
rale o>s:i_v on " Am|nit;uion.>,'' which is aiiioiisr the 
papers of tlie cotuily society, beiiii; so reriue--.ted by 
said society. In ISGl he went out as vokmteer sur- 
geon in the late war of the Rebellion, in which ?cr- 
viee he fiUevI ni.iny proniinent ]iositions, and both 
there and at home he has been ever held in the 
highest esteem and eonlideiice. 

Di;. Jamt.- 1>. Waki; graduated from the University 
of rcnn^ylvania ; settled in Mullica Hill; after a lew 
yearr removed to Davenport, Iowa. Keturned alter 
some \ ears and settled in Pedricktowi], t^alem Co., 
where he became quite jiopular, and gathered (piite a 
fortune. After tlie death of his most estimable wife 
he removed to Bridgeton, Cumberland Co., but; not 
succeeding very well he returned to Pedriektown, 
much to the satisfaction of many of his patrons. 

Dr. Joux H. A.-hcraft graduated irom Jetterson 
Medical College in 1S55; joined the county society 
the same year; first settled in Auburn, tbrmerly 
Sculltown, Salem Co., but soon removed to ilullica 
Hill, Gloucester Co., where he has resided ever since, 
and is a very sensible, judicious, popular, sell'-reliant, 
and no better man living to meet in consultation. 

Dr. Jacob T. Fisler graduated in 1S55 from Jef- 
ferson iledical College, aud settled in Ilarrisonville, 
Gloucester Co., where he became very popular aud 
successful as a practitioner; was a great horseman, 
and always drove a magnificent team. 

Dr. Andrew J. McKelway graduated from Jef- 
ferson Medical College: became a member of the 
Gloucester County 3Iedical Society. April, 1S59. He 
first jpracticed in Trenton, y. J., afterwards at Black- 
woodtown, and then went out as volf.nteer surgeon 
of the Eighth liegiment of Xew Jersey Volunteers. 
Ou his return from the war he settled in AVilliams- 
to'.vn, wdiere he still resides, though now much broken 
in health. One of the most companionable, genial, 
and thoroughly-posted gentlemen I ever met. Has 
probably one of the most extensive libraries of any 
member of the professiim in the State. 

Dr. John Shoemaker, a bright, active, energetic 
physician, a native of Pennsylvania, settled in Bridge- 
port and practiced two or three years, and the war 
breaking out, he entered the army as a surgeon, and 
served with much distinction. 

A. A. Smith, M.D. — John Smiiii, tlie ipr.igeiiitor of 
the Smitli family to which belongs Dr. A. A. Smith, 
came to America in 1772, and settled in Atlantic 
County, N. J. ; he had ^ixty thousand acres of laud, 
which were granted to hira by tlie English crown, in 
the counties of Gloucester, Cumberland, Salem, and 
Atlantic. The title-deeds to this land are now in the 
possession of his descendants, held by them as heir- 
looms. As .shown by the grant made to him, he was 
in the mother-country a man of prominence. He was 
also very wealthy, wliieh gave him a prominent posi- 
tion in the colonies. He established on Staten Island 
and in Philadelphia silk-lace-weaving establishments, 



all of which were tle.^troyed during the Kevolutionarv 
war. He espoused the cause of the colonics, and in 
connection with his fimily fitted out two vexel, 
as privateers, which did gooil service on the Jer-uv 
coast. As soon as tiie English government learncl 
of his disloyalty liis e.-tates in ]->ngland were eoiili-. 
eated and lie was disinherited by his lather, whicli, 
with the destruction of his jirojierty in Pliiladelphia 
and on Staten Island, reduced the lainily iVom wealth 
and atiluence to abject poverty. He married Marv 
Ireland, also of English descent, who bore him chil- 
dren as lollows. — Edward, Christiana, Margaret. Mary. 
J(ihn, Micajali, Fannie, Asa, Leah, Sarah, Ruth, au.l 
Daniel. 

Of the children, Asa was born in Atlantic County, 
where he grew to manhood, and in 1794 married Abi- 
gail Dennis. Their children were Absalom, Mary. 
Sarah, Martha, Jcdiu, Charles, William, and Tlioma~. 
He became a Methodist preacher, and was one of the 
pioneer itinerant preachers of Jersey. He moved l" 
Wilmington, Del., where he served as presiding elder 
of the Wilmington Conference. His son Charles was 
born in Wilmington, Del., Nov. 10, ISIO. He 
(Charles) learned the trade of wheelwright in Phila- 
delphia, and became su]ierinteiideut of a large manu- 
facturing estalilishment in that city, wliich position 
he held three years. He was then induced hy Sur- 
geon John B. McClellan to study medicine and sur- 
gery under his instruction at the Jefferson Medicai 
College in Philadelphia, after which he practiced 
medicine in that city and Wilmington until INod. 
when he removed to Malaga, in Gloucester County. 
N. J., wlicre he practiced until his death, which oc- 
curred June G. Is72. He married Miss Sarah Clark, 
of an old English family, in Ls-:'.7. Their children 
were Asa, Malis^a, Isaac P., ^latilda, Sarah T.. 
Thomas J., Martha Jane, Charles F., and Mary A. 

Asa, the subject of this sketch, was born in Malaga, 
March 20, 1S3S, where he grew to manhood. The 
foundation of his education was laid at the district 
school of his native town and tVom private teachers. 
His father intended he should enter the navy, but the 
opposition of his mother tVustrated the plan. He 
studied engineering and architecture, but it being 
decided that he should adojjt his father's profession, 
he, in October, ISOl. entered the University of Penn- 
sylvania as a medical student, and in less than two 
weeks thereafter was offered a commission as acting 
assistant surgeon United States army, which he de- 
clined. In November he was appointed acting "med- 
ical cadet,'' United States army, at Satterlee, United 
States general hospital. West Philadelphia, where he 
remained until the close of the war. After graduating, 
March, 1SG4, he was then appointed acting assistant 
surgeon United States army. As a token of their 
good will and appreciation of his skill and care the 
members of his ward presented him with a beautiful 
sword, which the doctor keeps as a memento of by- 
'jone davs. In 18'JG he came home to Malaga and 



M 






^6^f^^47^^^J^ 






Jnl^^ 



/^ 



£r/.ty7^ J^ L£.^,^.tyLir^J^% 



V' 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



U9 



f.ninuMiood ^Ile pnictice of medicine with his f:ithcr. 
\-'.. r liis t":itlicr's de:itli theentiie pracuce fell to him, 
, .,i lio h;is kept it ever since. He still rctmiins in 
>!.i!:i?;i, where he has .1 beautiful home and an ex- 
i,.ii»i\c and successful practice, ('•n tlie :23d day of 
Au.-ust, 1S70, he married Mi~s .Mary P., daughter of 
iMiiiol H.and Elizabeth (Hathaway Howlaud. She 
«,,, horn in South Dartmouth, Mass., June 10, 1S40. 
I'hiv have had one child, Sarah H., born June (i, 
1-72, died April I'J, 1S70. 

Di;. ArGl'sTis V. Hi-.i',.M.VNX, a Pennsylvania 
(icrman, impulsive and nt' a very (juick temper, ncrv- 
■ii-lv constituted, while out gunning one day first 
di-covered he was blind in one eye. He soon lost 
;|]C sight of the otlier, which so depressed him that 
IjO is supposed to have committed suicide by [loison. 
lie practiced at Bridgeport, and joined the County 
.Medical Society, October, lS6t3, and was allowed to 
resign in 1S72. 

Dr.. Epward L. ItEr.VES settled in Paulsboro in 
ISCC, joined the society in October the same year, 
and was dropped from the rolls in 1S74. 

Di:. AxoRF.w P. CtT..vxiii:x settled at Mantua in 
1SG7, and joined the county society the same year. 
.Alterwards studied divinity, and acted as a lay reader 
for two or three years. Afterwards removed to Cum- 
berland County, X. J., and resumed the practice of 
medicine. 

Di;. WiLLi.v.M H. Ti-f.XEi;, a native of Mantua, 
Gloucester Co., wlien but a small boy determined to 
get a good education, and spent all bis leisure time 
from farm work in study, borrowing works of the best 
authors. Graduated from the University of Penn- 
sylvania in 1867, and was admitted to membership 
in the county society same year. He did his own 
thinking, and was one of the brightest and most 
highly-esteemed physicians of the county; wrote and 
read several very interesting and instructive essays, 
which were read before the county and State so- 
cieties, and copies requested for publication. He 
was a prominent member of several secret societies. 
Not being well, he took by mistake about five grains 
of suljdiate of morphia instead of sulphate of quinia, 
as he supposed, and died from its efl'ects, in August, 
1S7G. 

Dr. W.^i.Tiii; M. W.vy settled for a few months in 
Mullica Hill, joined the society, but soon left the 
county. 

John Down Heeit.\ge was born at Hurffville, 
Gloucester Co., X. J., Sept. 14, 1837. He received 
a common-school education, and afterwards spent 
two j'ears at Pennington Seminary. He was then 
cnjployed for some time as teacher of the school at 
the place of !:is nativity. Upon deciding to study 
medicine, lie entered the oilice of Cljarles C. Clark, 
-'^I.D., of Woodbury, one of the most di.-tingui-hed 
surgeons and skillful pTuctitioners of medicine in 
Giouce.-ter County, ai-d after pur-uing his studies for 
three years graduated at t!ie University of Pennsyl- 



vaiiia in March., 1SG2, liaviog Iveen employed during 

the last year of his studies as medical cadet at Sattcr- 
Ice General Hospital. After practicing medicine a 
sliort time at his Ijorne he was commissioned .assistant 
surgeon Eleventh Xew .Jersey Volunteers, joining th.e 
regiment at Falmouth, Va., and remaining with it 
until it was mustered out of service at the rlosp of 
the war. He was taken prisoner at lleam's Station, 
am! sent to Hill's Corps Hospital, where he was put 
in charge of three hundred Federal wounded who 
had been taken prisoners at the above battle, and 
gave them attention until they were sent to Rich- 
mond for exchange, at'cer which he reported to Libby 
prison, and was soon after exchanged. He served 
with his regiment at Gettysburg, Manassas Gap. W'.i- 
deruess, Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, and battles and 
skirmishes before Petersburg. At the close of the 
war he began the practice of medicine at Glassboro, 
K. J., where he still resides. He has performed suc- 
cessfully several amputations, one at the shoulder- 
joint, and many of the minor operations of surgery. 

He is a society man, and was elected Grand Chan- 
cellor of the State Knights of Pythi:T*, and served 
two terms as representative of the State to the Su- 
preme Lodge; is a member of the Grand T-odge of 
Masons, Grand Lodge of Red Men, a member of the 
I. O. of O. F., American Mechanics, Heptasophs, 
State Medical Society, Gloucester County Medical 
Society, and Salein County r^Iedical Society. 

He married, May 26, 1SG9, Elizabetli Fisler Shivers, 
of Swedesboro township, and ha-, three chiidren. 

Dr. Paul S. Heritaui;. brotlier of the above, a 

graduateof the L'uiversity of Pennsylvania in March, 
1S72. Settled first in HufiVille, but upon the death 
of Dr. Turner removed to il'antua. where he estab- 
lished himself iu a good practice, and was deservedly 
popular and successful. He died in the autumn of 
18S3. 

Dr. L. a. D. Allex, graduate of the University 
of Pennsylvania. Studied pharmacy first, and settled 
in Woodstown,, Salem Co., though his practice ex- 
tended into Gloucester County, whose society he 
joined in October, 18G9. Wholly and enthusiastically 
devoted to his profession. Very pojiular as a physi- 
cian, and as a citizen and gentleman. Has written 
several articles on professional subjects read before 
the society, wliich were thankfully and acceptably 
received. 

Drs. Hugh Davis, Edward Hance, .Andrew J. Mc- 
Pherson, I. P. Bennett. J. E. Clawson, E. Hance, 
Jr., T. B. Castle, John M. Summerill, J. E. Garrison, 
William B. Christine all practiced in dilTerent parts 
of the county, but only for a short time, and were 
pleasant gentlemen. 

Dr.. CiiARL):s HiTCitXER practiced at Elmer, 
Salem Co. Joined countv society in 1870, but sofui 
gave it up and went into the drug business. 

Dr. Ali'FI'.t PoRfit practiced at Hardingvillc, and 
since removed to CUivion. Graduate of .Teiferson 



150 



HISTORY OF GLOrCESTEU COUNTY. 



Med'u';il College, and ;idiiiittcd meiiilier of society 
in Oct.iber, 1S71. 

Dlt. GKOi;t:E C IjAW^. a native of renn-ylvania, 
first studied the iKunaopatliie system, but seeing its 
unreliability in critical cases, gave it up and gradu- 
ated from tliC Univer.-ity of Pennsylvania, March, 
IS'], and was admitted into the society, January, 1S72. 
lie Settled in Paulsboro. and worked himself into a 
large and lucrative practice. A thoroughly conscien- 
tious Christian gentleman, strong Episcoj'alian, and 
was the main mover in establishing the church of 
that town. His especial forte is chemistry. A great 
reader and a thorough student, a warm-hearted and 
true iVicnd, lovinvr always to do some one good. 

Dii. William H. Iszakd graduated from Jcli'erson 
Medical College in March. 1>70. started practice in 
Elmer, Salem Co., his practice extending into Glouces- 
ter County. Admitted to memlier-liip in county so- 
ciety January, 1S72. Was elected State senator from 
Salem County, where be did much got,.! work. Several 
years since be reniovi'd to Camden, wiiere he now 
reside-;, and is doing a good work ajid prolitable busi- 
ness. 

Di;. Ch. Grant Gaeri.?ox, son of Dr. Ji.seph F. 
Garrison, born in Swedesboro. Was educated at 
Lawrenceville and University of I'enn?ylvania, and 
graduated from medical department of the latter in- 
stitution, and commenced practice in Swedesboro. 
Contiiuied there about six years, and then studied 
law and removed to Camden, where he is a rising and 
popular lawyer. As a practitioner he was very pop- 
ular and very succes>lul. Was recently appointed 
counselor for the Episcopial diocese of Xew Jersey. 

Dl;. John 15. Kkasby graduated from University 
of Pennsyhania in 1.S.J4, was prolessor of obstetrics 
in njedical college in Georgetown, l->. C. .\fterw:'.rds 
settleil in Woodbury, \vhere he still reside^, much re- 
spected and deservedly popular with the people. 

Dr. Albert Trenciiard graduated from Jetierson 
Medical College in February, 1S75, settled in Wil- 
liamstown, and was there very po])ular. xVt'terwards 
removed to Mantua, where he now resides. 

Dr. Eugexe E. De Drufft, a native of Salem 
County, X. J., studied medicine with Dr. ^Mayhew 
Johnson, was also in his drug-store for several years. 
Graduated from Jefferson Medical College in March, 
lS7o, and joined the society in April of the same year. 
Settled in Mullica Hill, and is much beloved and es- 
teemed by a large circle of friends and patrons. Re- 
signed from the society because he keeping a druL'- 
store felt he had to keep and sell proprietary medi- 
cines. 

Di;. Henry Buckingham graduated J'rom Co- 
lumbia College. 1S74, and joined tlie county society 
in Ai»ril, 187o. Settled in Clayton, and is deservedly 
esteemed and popular, and a most excellent physician. 

Die. Mo>i;s J. Pauliung, graduate of Univer-ity 
of Pennsylvania, ISGG, and joined the county society 
in April, 187G; settled in Daretown, Salem Co., near 



the county line. A noble man, and an excellent phy- 
sician and surgeon. 

Dr. ElGl.NE T. Ol,ll'li.\.Nr, a native of Burlington 
County, gracluated iVom the University (i( Pennsyl- 
vania, and lirst ^ctt!^d along the seashore, at Manaluuv- 
kin, when, finding the rides too long and the pay too 
?niall, he removed to Bridgeport, where he has become 
a very successful and popular jiractitioner. 

Dr. Thomas B. Ti'i;ner, a native of Gloucester 
County, graduated from Princeton and the medicai 
de|iartment of the University of Pennsylvania: first 
settled in Mount Holly, removing from thence to Har- 
risonville, where he practiced a few years, and then 
retired to a farm, pret'erring the latter to the practice 
of medicine. 

Dr. Isaiah 1>. Clawso.v graduated from the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania ; settled in Woodstown, where 
he amassed considerable property ; was a noble, big- 
hearted man, and an excellent physician ; was di- 
rector ol' tile bank of that borough up to the time of 
his death. He died from apoplexy. A great loss. 

Dr. Ur.iAH Gn.MAN. a native of Salem County, 
graduated from Jel^eI■^on Medical College, and was 
admitted to membership in county society, October, 
lS7i;. He entered the army in the Twelfth Regiment 
New Jersey Volunteers as surgeon, and upon his re- 
turn from the war in MCid he settled in \\'ood.-town, 
where he still resides. 

1>R. Samuiil F. Si'ANGKR, a native of Gloucester 
County, and student of Dr. John Down Heritage, 
graduated from JetTerson Medical College in 1875, and 
joined the society in October, 1870. He first settled 
in Williamstown, but after a year or two removed to 
Harriscmville, where lie resides, and is popular and 
successful. "He loves politics better than eating," 
though he does not allow liiraself to be carried, away 
by it from his profe::sioiial duties. 

Dr. Ben.jamin F. Buzhy, a native of Burlington 
County; studied medicine with Dr. J. P. Thornton, 
of Mount Holly; graduated from the University of 
Pennsylvania, afterwards spending some time in Vi- 
: enna [lerfecting his professional knowledge; settled 
in Swedesboro ; joined the county society in January, 
1S7'J; a good, safe practitioner. 

Dr. Luther M. Halsi:y-, a native of Gloucester 
County, son of Dr. L. F. Halsey, was educated at 
; Lehigh University, and graduated from Jetierson 
Jledical College; settled in practice in Williams- 
town, wdiere he is deservedly very popular, and has 
ii very large practice; was offered a responsible posi- 
tion of trust in the capjacity ofsurgeon, but preferred 
• the retirement and independence of private practice. 

Dr. Mile^ Synott was born ai Fislervillc, now 
; Clayton; studied medieine with Dr. Jacob Fisler, 
and graduated from .fefferson Medical College. He 
married Miss Harriet Whitney, a .si?ter of Messrs. 
Thomas and Samuel \\Tii!ney, the great glass men 
of Glassboro. Lie began practice at Chew's Land- 
ing, Camden Co., but soon removed to Glassboro, 



i I 






GKNKUAL HISTORY. 



151 



wluro lie did n very larco bii-iiu>-^, and luui ;ui invi- 
;iM<' rtpiitMiidii :n :ui oli-'.ftrioi.Tn. He «:v~ i^'oiilinr 
.liid ccci-iitric. :uul Coiul of ;i liiir d..ui)ie-loain. uliicli 
In- :llw3V^ drove. He died in ISliii, and na- jueeeeded 
l,v Pr. J. Down HeritaL'e. 

I)K. Maktin SyNdi I, a brother of L'r. Miles. He 
H.Mi ?Hidieii niedieine uith Dr. Jacob Filler, and 
t-raduated froMi Jeiiersoii Medical Coilcje: settled in 
I'.l.ickuoodtown, wliere lu* did a lafLre business, and 
was c-teenied as a superior |diysician. and \va^ s-nc- 
ceedcHl by Dr. Urannin. 

Di:. Jacou FifI.Ei: was anion;.'- the oldest practi- 
tioners of whom we have any knowledge in the 
county. He settled in his native place, Fislerville, 
now Clayton, and did a very large and widely-ex- 
tended business, extending over a diameter of more 
than twenty miles; was a very active member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church and a Incal preacher in 
said church. He did a very large obstetrical practice, 
in which lie had a very wide reputation. 

Dr. James C. Weatiietjiy was born in Clarks- 
boro, Gloucester Co., X. J. He received a very liberal 
education, graduating from Kenyon College, Ohio, 
and received his degree of A.M. in 1S46. He was 
considered a very tine Latin scholar. 

He studied medicine with Dr. Charles F. Clark, of 
Woodbury, and attended a I'uU curriculum of the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, from which institution he 
graduated in March, ISOT. In June, lS-10, upon the 
reorganizati*)n of the county society after a tempo- 
rary suspeii:-ion he was elected to membership and 
appointed on the board of cen^ors by the State Med- 
ical Society, wliicli po^ition lie lield with honor to 
himself and to the societies as well as the profession 
for over thirty years. In April, 1>-J7, he settled in 
his native town, where he still practices and is highly 
esteemed by a large circle of friends and patrons. He 
ha-s filled the position of president of the county so- 
ciety many times, and treasurer and secretary of the 
same for many years, and frequently entertained the 
members of the county ^(jciety at his hou-e. He is 
the oldest active practitioner in the county, and is 
also senior warden of St. Peter's Protestant Episcopal 
Church of Clark-iboro. 

Dr. Thomas PEEVEi was born in Gloucester 
County, near Clarksboro ; was a brother of the Hon. 
Joseph L. Piceves, of Clarksboro, who =ervcd our 
county in the State Senate with great credit to him- 
self and satisfaction to the people. 

He studied medicine with Joseph C. AS'enthorby, 
A.M., M.D., and graduated from the I'nivcrsity of 
Pennsylvania, April 4, 1S4'>, his the.-is being upon 
ei'llejisy, which received high commendation from 
the faculty. 

He first settled in Penn-grove, Salem Co., where 
he was a very siiccc-iful ]iractitic/iitr, and was very 
I'opular. In Jsj-t he removed to Swede-i/Mro, where 
he practiced ab<jut tuo years, still let. lining many of 
his old families in Salem Couiitv. 



In February, IS.'iT, he was attacked with malignant 
internal ery-ipelas, .-ind luing of a delic.ite c<in~titu- 
tiiin he >oon fell a victim to the terrible epidemic 
which prevailed that year so fatally. 

Jo.-i:rn P). POE, M.D. — The great-grandparents of 
Dr. Poe were Abrani and Chri-tiana Koe. wliu^c si>n 
Henry, his erandtather, was born May L'i1, 1704, in 
Camden (now Glouce-ter Couiny\ where he culti- 
vated t!ie larni at jMe-ent owned by the doet'ir. He 
married Ann, daughter of James and Ann Jagj;ard, 
whose birth occurred Oct. 4. 17C0. Their cliildren 
were Christiana, born in 17S0; Ann. in 17S-; Robert, 
in 17S4: Chri-tiana {'2d], in 17.So; William, in 17S7; 
Henry, in 17S0: James i" ^~^-: Charles, in 17P4; 
Abraham, in 17f'0; Rebecca, in 17PS ; David, in IsOO; 
Susanna, in IsO-O. David, of this number, was bora 
Feb. 4. ISOO, and residej.1 at Had>lont'ieId. Camden 
Co.. X. J., where he en.'au'cd in mercantile piir-uits, 
though also a successiul I'armer. He married Rebecca 
S.. daughter of Joseph and Susan Ldsjdiain. born 
Xov. G, 1797, in Philadelphia, who-^e children were 
Henry, born in 1S2-3; Susan (Mrs. James Murnhy), 
in 1S27; Rebecca iMrs. Charles 0. Morris i, in 1.S30; 
David (deceased); Anna t:Mrs. D. W. C. Morris), in 
1.S32; David {2d], in 1S34; Joseph B. : Eii.-abeth 
(deceased), in ISoS. Joseph P.. the subject of this 
biography, was born Feb. 2i3, 18oG, at Haddontield, 
where his childliood was passed. Hi.s advantages of 
education were liberal, the earliest instruction being 
imparted at a select school, after which he repaired to 
Mount Flolly and Princeton, and entered Princeton 
College in IS-jo, from which he graduated in IS'iS. 
He soon after became a student of the medical depart- 
ment of the Uuiversity of Pennsylvania, from which 
he received his diploma in ISdl. The doctor made 
Philadelphia hi^ fir^t f.eld of labor, and in lio2 en- 
tered the army as assistant surgeon in connection 
with hospital work, remaining in the service until 
Is'Go. when his practice in Philadelphia was resumed. 
In IS'IO, having determined to retire from prof^^s-ional 
labor, he purchased the homestead of hi^ irandi'itiier, 
wliich has been a taraily seat for one huadrei and 
twentv-five years, and ha= found both rest and change 
in the pleasurable avocation of the farm, especially- 
in the department of market gardening. He was mar- 
ried, Xov. 22, 1S04. to Mary K., daughter of Tliomas ■ 
and Rachel J. Caldwell, of Phihideli)hia. Their ciiil- 
dren are Josej'ii D., Jr., born in 1S67; Augu-:a C, in 
1.^70; Susan, in 1572; James M.. in 1 s7o ; Mary K., 
in l.SSl, who died in 1SS2 ; and Howard, in l-^J. 

Dr. Roe votes the I'LCpuiilican ticket in politics, and 
while earnest in his zeal for the succo-s of the party, 
cares little for the honors within its gift. He is an 
elder in the Pre-^byterian Churcli of Woodbury, as 
were his father and grandfather before him. 

HomtEOpaths.— Dr. William A.Ga-h.ne:: -titled 
in Wow.ibury, where ho did a larL-e and p.-.^iitable 
ba-ine-s; wa^ profes-or of anatomy, and was a very 
bright man and a very fine oi'Crator. He was a stii- 



152 



UlSTOllY OF Gl.DUCKSTEll COUNTY. 



dent of Trofcssor T. D. MiUter :iiul a gradiuite from 
Jollersoii MedieMl Collcfre. He served very credita- 
bly in the urniy as surgeon in a I'ennsylvania regi- 
ment. 

Dr.. Danikl K. Gai:pni:i:, a native of Pennsyl- 
vania, settled in Woodbiuy, N. J. ; graduated from the 
Pennsylvania Medical College. }Ic did a very exten- 
sive practice, made considerable money, and was very 
popular. 

John Fi;r,i:iir.KY MfS(n;Avr.. JI.D., the subject of 
this sketch, was burn in Berks County, Pa., in city 
of Reading, on the 20th day of March, 1S32. His 
father, Isaac Musgrave, was a civil engineer, and 
came from Baltimore; was of Irisli descent. His 
mother, lOmily Prince, was of the old Freedley family 
of Montgomery County, Pa., old original German 
settlers in that county, and were prominent land- 
holders. H(m. John P'reedley, a great-uncle, was 
the representative in Congress for two terms from 
that district, lie was named al'ter him, and was 
educated by him. Having received a full course at 
the Xorristown Academy, was [ilaced under private 
instruction in several branches, became a student of 
medicine under Samuel Freedley, and graduated from 
the Homa^opathic College of Pennsylvania in the year 
1S53, and attended the University of Pennsylvania, 
and graduated in l.S"i4. Was two years Central Dis- 
pensary physician, an<l one year resident physician to 
the Pennsylvania Hospital. In the year 1SG2 entered 
the army, and served during the war a.s an assistant 
surgeon of United States Volunteers. In July, 1S(>5, 
was ap])ointed physician to the steamship "Circas- 
sian," the first American line of steamers to Ger- 
many, which was beached during the heavy storms 
of December on Island Madam. During this dis- 
aster he received some internal injuries, and was ad- 
vised on his return to Philadelphia to go to the 
country to practice for benefit of his health, and in 
1SG6 he located in Swedesboro, in which place he 
met with an unusual success, and has done one of the 
largest county practices, and been universally es- 
teemed as a successful practitioner in the homruo- 
pathic school. 

Dii. Jacob I^gaed, a native of Gloucester County, 
N. J., was employed as a very popular and successful 
teacher for a number of years. In 1867 studied medi- 
cine, and graduated from Hahnemann Medical College 
in 1870, and settled in Glassboro, where he still re- 
sides and is very much respected. 

Dr.. Isaac Coopke, a native of Xew Jersey, settled 
in Mullica Hill, where he became heavily involved 
financially, and from there removed to Trenton, v.diere 
he still resides. 

Di!. Ai.i;i;i!T T. Beckett, a native of Gloucester 
County, N. J., graduated from the Hahnemann Med- 
ical College in 187.3, and settled in Mullica Hill, 
where he remained about two years, and then removed 
to Salem, N. J., wdiere he now resides. 

Dli. H. L. Stamisach, a native of I'hiladeljihia, 



Pa., graduated in 1879 from the Hahnemann Medical 
College, settled in Mullica Hill, thence to Woodbuiy, 
where he entered in partnersliip with Dr. Mcticorgr. 

Dr. Wai.i.aci: Mc(ii;<i!'.i.i;, a native of New Ku.:- 
land, graduated in ISiJS. He practiced awhile in th,- 
Moliawk Valley, and settled afterward in Woodbury, 
where he threw his whole energies into practice and 
improving the city, and took a very active part in 
Sunday-sch.ools and in temperance, and has been 
president of the Temperance Alliance for a number 
of years. 

Dr. Clai'.f.xci: G. Arroit, a native of Gloucester 
County, graduated 1879; settled in Salem, N. J.. 
where he practiced about two years, and afterward 
removed to his native place, Woodbury, where he now 
resides and i)ractices. 

Eclectic Practitioners.— Dr. J. Pomroy settled 
from New York in Coxe's Hill, now Jetierson, where 
he did quite a large business and was very popular. 
After residing here for several years he removed to 
St. Louis, :\Io., where he died. 

Dr. Fr.EiiERlCK CtJTTER came from New England, 
and settled first in Bridgeport, and afterward removed 
to Mullica Hill. He was a very plausible and popu- 
lar man, and did a large business, and though of a 
tine physique, went down in rapid consumption, and 
died at about forty-four years of age. 

Dr. Ciiai\max settled in Harrisonville, w here 

he remained but a short time, and removed to the 
West. 

Dr. LiPPixcoTT settled in Harrisonville, l>ut 

soon left. He afterward graduated in some Western 
school, and settled in the oil region of Pennsylvania. 

Dr.. WlxsLOVV Jacksox came from New England 
; as a school- and music-teacher, took up medicine, and 
practiced in Bridgeport, where he still resides. 



CHAPTER XXXI. 

REBELLION HI.-TORY OF GLOUCE.STER COUNTY. 

As early as April 23, ISGl, the board of freeholders, 
inspired by the patriotism which the assault on the 
American flag in Charleston harbor aroused through- 
out the nation, adopted the following resolution : 

" Ke-vthed. That a sum not e.vteeaiaf tlirei" 
propriated by the briard of chojien freehohiers ' 
ter for tlic support anJ mainteuance of the f.u- 
shall volilDteer for the defense of the coiintry. 
of eaoli t'wnohii) -h.all draw on tl^- oount.v ,-. 
they may deem nece.iary for such Diainteiian': 

On the 10th of Auguist in the same year one dollar 
per week was ordered from the county fund to the 
wives and widowed mothers of all who were then, or 
who might thereafter become, volunteers, and twenty- 
five cents per week to each of their children under 
the age of twelve years. On the 14th of May, 1802, 






I 1 



f 1 



thou 


and 


dollar, 1)6 ap- t ( 


f th 


of 3 


nty of Glouces- ; 1 
ich persons ^s f i 


and that 


the frechol.krB « 1 


llect 


•r fo 


•" "•" (1 



1 1 

\ 1 

il 

5 I 



\ 



\ 




GENERAL IIISTOKV. 



152 



(lii^ last allowance wa? increased to fifty cents per ; 

HC'k. 

(.)n tlie IHh of August it was 

•• Re-Wifii, Tluit a K'liiity ..f fifty .lollara bo i>.->id by tho cnvinty col- | 

l„,,,r to pacli arc,-].ted .nun volunt. .Tin- ^U'l a cominissi..>ne.l ,.lTKcr), | 

bdnB a rfsidcnt of tlie'county of Gloucester, iu the Twcllth llcsimcut, | 

j.rovj.lcil he receives no bounty from miollier county." | 

I'nder the same date a loan of twelve thousand 
il'illars was authorized, and on the 8th of Xovemher 
;uithority was given for the issue of county bonds to 
the amount of twcsity-five thousand dollars. 

On the 14th of March, 1SG3, the allowance of fifty 
ci'iits per week to the children of volunteers was 
oliaiiged to two dollars per month, and subsequently 
the word " soldiers" trom this county was substituted 
for that of volunteers, and tiiis allowance was con- 
tinued by resolutions adopted from time to time during 
the continuance of the war. 

Soldiers' Montiment. — At a reception of returned 
volunteers held at Mullica Hill, Sejit. 4, lSt5o, a reso- 
lution was adopted to erect a monument to the mem- '' 
ory of the volunteers from Gloucester County who j 
fell in the war for the Union. A committee was ap- ! 
pointed to carry into effect this resolution, and this 
committee decided to pursue a plan which would give 
every citizen an opportunity to sliare, according to 
his ability, in this tribute of gratitude to the honored 
dead of the county. To accomplish this the com- 
mittee brought the matter before the people at the 
annual town-meetings, and with great unanimity they 
instructed their members of the board of freeholders 
to vote for an appropriation for that purpose. Ac- 
cordingly the following action was taken by the board 
March 8, 18G6