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Full text of "History of Dunklin County, Mo., 1845-1895 Embracing an historical account of the towns and post-villages of Clarkton, Cotton Plant, Cardwell, Caruth ... [etc.] Including a department devoted to the description of the early appearance, settlement, development, resources ... With an album of its people and homes, profusely illustrated"

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>>7 , 

H I S T'O R Y 


Dunklin County, Mo 


Embracing an Historical Account of the Towns and Post-Villages of 

Clarkton, Cotton Plant, Cardwell, Caruth, Campbell, Gibson, 

Halcomb, Hornersville, Kennett, Lulu, Maiden, Nesbit, 

Senath, Valley Ridge, Vincent, White Oak 

and Wrightville. 

Including a Department Devoted to the Description of the Early 

Appearance, Settlement, Development, Resources, and 

Present Appearance of the County. 

With an Album of Its People and Homes 
Profusely Illustrated. 








Territory of Missouri 7 

State Organization 8 

Why we were Included in Missouri 11 

Boundaries 13 

Earthquakes of 1811-12 15 

The Mound Builders — The Indians 19-21 


Scenery, Animals, etc 23 

Physical Features 26 

Present Appearances — Floods 28-29 

The Civil War 31 


Early Settlements 38 

Pioneer Physicians — General Growth of 

County ,...., 43 





Churches — 

Baptist —Methodist. . , 59-64 

General Baptist — Cumberland Presby- 
terian 68-70 

Presbyterian — : Christian — Catholic. . . 72-76 

Resources — Health Rate 77-83 

Court Officials and Courts 86-99 


Towns and Villages — 

Caruth — Cardwell 99-100 

Cotton Plant — Clarkton 102-105 

Campbell — Gibson — Halcomb 107-1 12 

Hornersville — Kennett 114-119 

Lulu — Maiden. 131-132 

Nesbit — Senath — Valley Ridge 141-144 

Vincet — White Oak — Wrightsville. . . 145-146 


Politics, Exports, etc 146-150 

Biographical Sketches Illustrated 151 

A Group of Dunklin County Women 284-287 


This little volume has been prepared to preserve 
the past history of Dunklin County, Mo., perpetuate 
the names of its pioneers, keep the time and manner 
of settlement, record the names of its officials, and 
preserve much other matter that would otherwise, in 
a few years, be entirely lost. 

Also realizing the many untrue and detrimental 
things which have been spoken of her native county, 
the author desires to bring it before its sister counties 
and the world as it now exists, and to this end has 
personally visited every locality of the county, and 
more than fifty of the oldest and best informed citizens, 
in search of information, and in every instance uying 
that which proved to be the most reliable. 



As every book must be, in some part, more or less 
the opinion of its author, the writer has endeavored 
to be moderate in language of praise, and to avoid all 

The Album of our People and Homes has received 
much care and attention, with the best possible results 
from the material furnished. 

While knowing the book is not perfect, it is hoped 
that it will meet with the approval of all. 

My friends will please remember that I was born, 
reared and educated (with the exception of two years 
in the Piedmont, Wayne County, public schools, when 
a child) — in Dunklin County; and I acknowledge 
with pride, not only my nationality, but my native 
State and county. 

I tender my grateful thanks for courtesies received 
from many friends, and respectfully dedicate this his- 
tory to the people of Dunklin County. 

The Author. 




Congress organized the Territory of Missouri, June 
4, 1812. The first Council consisted of nine members, 
and the House of thirteen. ** Territory of Louisiana " 
comprised its real boundary, yet it practically con- 
sisted of only the settled parts of Missouri, as follows : 
Cape Girardeau, embracing the territory between 
Tywappity Bottom and Apple Creek, Ste. Genevieve, 
extending from Apple Creek to the Meramec River, 
St. Louis', including that part of the State between 
the Meramec and Missouri rivers, St. Charles, com- 
prising the settled country between the Missouri and 

In October of the same year, these four districts 
were reorganized into five counties, by proclamation of 
Gov. Howard. The fifth was called New Madrid, 
and included Arkansas, therefore the present site of 
Dunklin County. 

In 1814 the population of the entire Territory was 
25,000. The country was rapidly settled up and new 
counties organized. 

DurincT the session of the Legislature, in 1816-17, 



the old '*Bank of Missouri" was chartered; and in 
the fall of 1817 the two banks, *' St. Louis" and 
** Missouri," were issuing bills, the former having gone 
into operation in 1814. 

The first newspaper west of the Mississippi was 
published at St. Louis, July 12th, 1808. It was first 
called the Missouri Gazette, and measured 12x16 
inches. It proved to be the forerunner of the Missouri 
Republican, thence The Republic, and now so widely 
read by the staunch Democrats of Dunklin County. 

The first paper west of St. Louis was the Missouri 
Intelligencer, established by Nathaniel Patton, in 
1819, at Old Franklin, and later removed to Fayette. 

In 1818 the first Protestant Church (Baptist) was 
built in St. Louis, and in the same year a cathedral 
was commenced on the site of the old log church which 
had been built by the early French settlers. 

state organization. 

In 1818, the inhabitants of Missouri petitioned for 
admission into the Union, through John Scott, dele- 
gate to Congress. Two years was consumed in the 
discussion of the slavery question, by the House of 
Representatives and the Senate. The House insisted 
on the gradual restriction of involuntary servitude, 
and the Senate refused to indorse any anti-slavery 
proviso whatever. 

In 1820, while the matter was still under discussion, 
that amendment, famous as the ** Missouri Compro- 
mise," was presented by Jesse B. Thomas, of Illi- 
nois, and adopted March 6th of the same year. This 


settled, for the time, all differences between the two 
Houses, and allowed Missouri to enter the Union with 
slavery. The pro-slavery senators consented to this 
measure because they saw by the determination of the 
House that they would be unable otherwise to secure 
the admission of Missouri. 

The people of the Territory of Missouri then 
organized into fifteen counties, were authorized by 
Congress to hold an election in May, 1820, to choose 
representatives to the State Convention, whose object 
should be the framing of a Constitution. Accord- 
ingly, forty-one representatives convened at St. 
Louis, June 12. The Constitution which the Con- 
vention framed took effect from the authority of the 
body itself, not being submitted to the vote of the 
people. It withstood the mutations of parties and 
all efforts at material amendment from the time of its 
adoption till the Convention of 1865. 

November 16, 1820, Mr. Scott laid before the 
House of Representatives, at Washington, a copy of 
the Constitution of the new State, when a fresh 
debate arose, first, because the Constitution sanctioned 
slavery, and, second, because one of its articles 
especially enjoined that such laws should be passed as 
might be necessary to prevent free mulattoes and 
negroes from coming to or settling in the new State 
under any pretext whatsoever. 

The perils of the political situation becoming immi- 
nent, Mr. Clay, of Kentucky, moved that twenty-three 
Representatives, one from each State, be appointed to 
act jointly with the Senate committee, in an attempt 


to adjust the difficulty. Such acomaiittee was chosen 
with Mr. Clay as its chairman. The Senate also 
appointed seven of its members on the joint committee 
which, on February 26, 1821, reported to each House 
the followinof: 

*' Resolved, by the iSenate and House of Representa- 
tives of the United States of America, in Congress 

That Missouri shall be admitted into this Union on 
an equal footing with the original States, in all re- 
spects w4iatever, upon the fundamental conditions that 
the fourth clause of the twenty-sixth section of the 
article of the Constitution, submitted on the part of 
said State to Cons^ress, shall never be construed to 
authorize the passage of any law, and that no law 
shall be passed in conformity thereto, by which any 
citizen of either of the States in the Union shall be 
excluded from the enjoyment of any of the privileges 
and immunities to which such citizen is entitled under 
the Constitution of the United States. 

'^ Provided. That the Legislature of said State, by 
a solemn public act, shall declare the assent of the 
State to the said fundamental conditions, and shall 
transmit to the President of the United States, on or 
before the fourth Monday in November next, an 
authentic copy of the said act, upon the receipt 
whereof the President, by proclamation, shall announce 
the fact; whereupon, and without any further pro- 
ceeding on the part of Congress, the admission of the 
State into the Union shall be considered as complete.'' 


This resolutioD, known as ** The Clay Compromise' ' 
was soon adopted by both Houses. 

The 26th of the following June, the Legislature of 
Missouri adopted an act declaring the assent of the 
State to the conditions of admission, and transmitted 
to the President a copy of the same. 

August 10, 1821, after a struggle of nearly two 
years and a half, the admission of Missouri into the 
Union was announced by the proclamation of Presi- 
dent Monroe, and the State from that day took rank 
as the twenty-fourth of the American Republic. The 
seat of government was fixed at St. Charles, but was 
moved, in 1826, to Jefferson City. 

According to the first census taken in September, 
1821, the population of the State was 70,647, of 
whom 11,254 were slaves. 


In 1804 Congress divided Louisiana into two terri- 
tories by a line running with the thirty-third parallel 
of north latitude. In 1812 the Territory of Missouri 
was organized from a portion of Upper Louisiana, and 
in 1819 Arkansas Territory was established. When 
it was proposed to organize the State of Missouri, the 
bill as first introduced provided that the parallel of 
36° and 30" should be the Southern boundary of Mis- 
souri throughout its entire extent, from the Mississippi 
river West. 

There were at this time many hardy pioneers on 
the Mississippi below that line, whose interests were 
linked with the settlements of the North by tiescommer- 


cial as well as social, and they felt that as their position 
was so far in advance of other portions of Arkansas 
Territory, they were entitled to all the privileojes and 
immunities which is offered by a State government. 

Prominent among these pioneers was Col. John 
Hardiman Walker, who owned larofe tracts of land in 
Pemiscot and Dunklin Counties, and who was anxious 
to have his lands annexed to Missouri. Many others 
of the pioneers were desirous of being Missourians, 
and until a late date became indignant if spoken of as 
being properly «' Arkansawyers." 

Col. Walker, Godfrey Lesieur, and several other 
leading citizens of this portion of the State, by exert- 
ing their influence with friends in Washington, suc- 
ceeded in having the original bill amended and the line 
from the Mississippi to the St. Francois rivers lowered 
to the parallel of 36^. Hence we are for all time / 
Missourians. ^r— * 

Dunklin County was organized February 14, 1845, 
from that portion of Stoddard County south of the 
parallel of 36° 30". In 1853 a strip nine miles wide 
was added to this territory on the north. The county 
was named in honor of Daniel Dunklin, Governor of 
Missouri from 1832 to 1836, then Surveyor-General 
of the United States, etc. It lies between St. Francois 
river and J^ew Madrid and Pemiscot Counties, in a 
portion of the State which apparently belongs to 


BOUNDARY — R. S. 1879, SEC. 3615. 

Dunklin. Beginning at the northwest corner of 
New Madrid County in the middle of township 23, 
north, in range 10, east of the fifth principal meridian, 
thence due west with the section lines to the middle 
of the main channel of the St. Francois River, thence 
down the middle of the main channel of said river, 
with the meanderings thereof, to where said river 
crosses the line between the States of Missouri and 
Arkansas; thence east with said State line on the 
parallel of latitude 36 degrees and 30 minutes, to the 
middle of the main channel of said St. Francois River 
where it crosses the State line at the southeast corner 
of the southwest quarter of section 36, in township 
22, north, in range 8, east of the fifth principal 
meridian ; thence down the middle of the main channel 
of said St. Francois River with the meanderings thereof 
to the extreme south boundary of the State of Mis- 
souri : thence due east to the southwest corner of 
Pemiscot County ; thence with the western boundary 
line of Pemiscot County to the southwest corner of 
New Madrid County to the place of beginning. 

jlrea,— It is nearly fifty miles in length, and em- 
braces an area of 500 square miles. 

The county is only about five miles neal* the center, 
and reaches its greatest width on its southern extremity, 
being there twenty-two miles wide. On the north 
line it is eleven miles in width. 

Soil.— The most productive is a black sand and 
muck mixture which is especially adapted to cotton, 


corn, other grain and garden vegetables. Excepting 
a portion of Grand Prairie the lower end of the county 
is almost entirely composed of this soil and is exceed- 
ingly productive and fertile. 

There is also another variety of sand lighter in 
character. This is the soil of the prairies, which is 
peculiarly adapted to the production of grain, potatoes, 
watermelons, and vegetables whose value depends upon 
early ripening. With intelligent attention both of the 
above mentioned soils grow the very finest small fruits, 
and that too with the very least labor. 

Another variety of soil is found near the foot-hills 
in the northwest part of the count}^ and is a rich, 
yellowish loam. It is heavier than the sandy varieties 
and is not easily exhausted. It produces large crops 
of corn, and is adapted to grass, wheat and fruit. • 

Still f\\rther up on both sides of the hilUridge the 
soil is of a still heavier and black variety. The strip 
of hills known as ** Crowley's Ridge " are principally 
of a variety of clay. Here the peach and other fruits 
are grown of good size and the best quality; and here, 
also, the principal wheat crop of the county is grown. 

The very best brick and potter's clay are found on 
the ridge and along the St. Francois River in this 
county. There is also a pure white variety that 
resembles putty in appearance, and a red of similar or 
ochraceous character, with a considerable show of iron 
in many places. Our farm lands have proved to be 
not easily exhausted, producing good crops annually, 
many of them ^for over forty years, and without any 
especial care, 



These are known as New Madrid earthquakes. They 
have been felt not only in the county of New Madrid, 
but also the adjacent country on both sides of the 
Mississippi River. The center of the disturbance 
seems to have been in Pemiscot County, in the vicin- 
ity of Little Prairie. 

Michael Braunm (father of Tecumsey Braunm, Miss 
Lizzie Braunm and Mrs. Victorine (Braunm) Horner, 
all yet living in Dunklin County) — Was a married 
man livino: at the above mentioned place durins: the 
time of the earthquakes. In describing the catastro- 
phe he stated that in one particular place on the 
Mississippi the earth rose like a great loaf of bread to 
the height of many feet, the uprising being accom- 
panied by a terrible rumbling noise. The swell 
finally burst with one of the most severe shocks 
of the period, and great quantities of sand, 
water and a black sulphurous vapor, was thrown 
out to nearly the height of an ordinary tree, com- 
pletely darkening the atmosphere for some distance. 
When it was again light it was noticed that many 
acres of land had disappeared in the Mississippi, the 
current of which was retrograded for a short time. 
The rising motion and rumbling noise warned the 
inhabitants, and they fled in dismay, so that no lives 
were lost. Mr. Braunm's residence was about a half 
mile from the seeming center of this particular shock, 
and when it had subsided he placed his wife on a 
horse, walking in front himself, to search out a way 



over and between the deep fissures that had been 
made in the earth, and thus sought a quieter locality, 
as did the other inhabitants. 

The description of the first shock as given by God- 
frey Lesieur, who was an eye-witness to the scene, is 
quoted from the *< History of Southeast Missouri," 
as follows : — 

** The first shock was about 2 o'clock a. m., on the 
night of December 16, 1811, and was very hard, shak- 
ing down log houses, chimneys, etc. It was followed 
at intervals from half an hour to an hour apart by 
comparatively slight shocks, until about 7 o'clock in 
the morning, when a rumbling noise was heard in the 
west, not unlike distant thunder, and in an instant the 
earth began to totter and shake so that no persons 
were able to stand or walk. This lasted a minute, 
then the earth was observed to be rolling in waves of 
a few feet in height, with a visible depression between. 
These swells burst, throwing up large volumes of 
water, sand and a species of charcoal, some of which 
was partly covered with a substance which by its 
peculiar odor was thought to be sulphur. Where 
these swells burst, large, wide and long fissures were 
left running north and south parallel with each other 
for miles. I have seen some four or five miles in 
length, four and one-half feet deep on an average, and 
about ten feet wide." 

After this, slight shocks were felt at intervals until 
January 7, 1812, when the region was again visited 


by an earthquake equal to the first in violence, and 
characterized by the same frightful results. Mr. 
Lessieur says further, that upon this second visitation 
the inhabitants, excepting two families, fled in dis- 
may, leaving behind their stock and even many of 
their household goods, all of which were appropriated 
by adventurers and carried away in flatboals. 

During this series of the most terrible earthquakes 
that have ever visited the American Continent, which 
occurred along the Mississippi Valley, streams were 
turned from their channels or dried up ; hills, forests 
and plains disappeared, and lakes, one of which, Eed- 
foot Lake, sixty or seventy miles in length, and from 
three to twenty in breadth, were formed. Vast heaps of 
sand were scattered in various places, and whole 
tracts of land sank below the level of the surrounding 

Dunklin County's swamps and sloughs were 
undoubtedly made then, also its prairies and ** sand- 
blows." Many of the fissures made in the earth are 
yet plainly visible in this county, especially on Horse 
Island, and near the foot of the hills west of Maiden. 

All these fissures and the prairies, «' sandblows," 
sloughs or swamps, run in a northeasterly and south- 
westerly direction in Dunklin County. 

Judging by the description of this county before 
these earthquakes, as given by Mr. Michael Braunm, 
it seems to have sunk or settled down at least fifteen 
or twenty feet, and in some places even more, all over 
the south end and east side along the swamps of Little 


The small fissures in Dunklin County, made by the 
earthquakes, run parallel with Seneca Creek, Kinamore 
Slough, Honey Cypress, Buffalo Creek, Raglin and 
Taylor sloughs, — and it is supposed that these are 
only larger fissures made by the same catastrophe. 
The Indians stated this to be a fact, also, that there 
was no sand, sloughs or swamps prior to that time, 
but a beautiful high-rolling country. 

Since 1812 slight shocks have been felt in the same 
region as the earthquakes of that date along the 
Mississippi Valley. Two or three shakes are some- 
times felt in one year. The last, and hardest one 
since 1812, occurred about 5 o'clock Thursday morn- 
ing of October 31, 1895. The Republic of November 
2, 1895, says: ** Near Henson Lake, six miles south 
of Charlestown, Mo., about four acres of ground 
were sunk and filled with water, forming another lake. 
Near Bertrand hundreds of mounds of sand are piled 
up, ranging in size from twelve inches to ten feet in 
circumference, and the ditches in this neighborhood 
are filled with water, coming from the holes made, 
there having been no rain to fill them any other way 
for nearly two months. Near Big Lake, four miles 
north of Charleston, are two small holes in the earth, 
from which the water is spouting to the height of 
three feet. Every bricklayer in the city (Charleston) 
was busy all day replacing flues and chimneys that 
were skaken down. 

'* The trembling of the earth is said to have been 
felt in at least seventeen States. The vibration 
^eeiBS to have been most violent in the section ex- 


tending directly south of the State of Ohio. Only 
a few slight personal injuries have been reported. 
Considerable damage has been done to property in 
many places, brick flues were felled, chimneys shaken 
down,— plate-glass fronts and glass window panes fell 
from houses, plastering shook from walls, clocks were 
stopped and lights put out, and in some places people 
were nauseated and rolled out from their beds by the 
rocking of the earth." 

These late shocks were much lighter in Dunklin 
County than in many other places, the severity being 
indicated by a message sent from Maiden to The Rep- 
ublic on October 31, 1895 : *' The heaviest earthquake 
since 1812 occurred here at 5:07 this morning, lasting 
tiiree minutes, from northeast to southwest. There was 
a fceneral scare but no damage is known." 



This is a race who have acquired their name from 
the numerous large mounds of earth left by them. 
This race possessed a much less degree of culture 
than the races that built the ancient cities of Cen- 
tral America, and reaches back into an antiquity so 
remote as to have left behind no vestige of tradition. 

They seem to have been a half-civilized people, and 
pnce occupied Missouri and various other parts of tbe 


United States. Remains of what were apparently 
villages, altars, temples, idols, burial-places, monu- 
ments, camps, fortifications and pleasure-grounds have 
been found, but nothing showing that any material 
save earth was used in the construction of their habi- 
tations. At first these works were supposed to be of 
Indian origin, but careful examination has revealed the 
fact that despite several adverse theories they must 
have been reared by a people as distinct from the 
North American Indian as were those later people of 
Central America. 

The mounds and other ancient earthworks con- 
structed l)y this people are abundant in Southeast 
Missouri. Some are quite large, but the greater part 
of them are small and inconspicuous. 

*< Along nearly all of the water-courses that are large 
enough to be navigated by a canoe, the mounds are 
almost invariably found, so that when one places him- 
self in such a position as to command the grandest 
river scenery he is almost sure to discover that he is 
standing upon one of these ancient tunnels, or in 
close proximity thereto. The human skeletons, with 
skulls differing from those of the Indians, that are 
found in these mounds are usually accompanied by 
pottery and various ornaments and utensils showing 
considerable mechanical skill. From the compara- 
tively rude state of the arts among them, however, it 
has been inferred that the time of their migration to 
this country, if indeed they did migrate, was very 

History of Southeast Missouri. 


Their axes were of stone; their raiment, judging 
from fragments which have been discovered, consisted 
of the bark of trees interwoven with feathers, and 
their military works were such as a people would erect 
who had just passed to the pastoral state of society 
from that dependent alone upon hunting and fishing. 
They were, no doubt, idolaters, and it has been con- 
jectured that the sun was the object of their adoration. 
The mounds were generally built in a situation afford- 
ing a view of the rising sun; when inclosed in walls 
their gateways were toward the east; their caves in 
which their dead ^vere occasionally buried always 
opened in the same direction ; when bodies were buried 
in graves, as was frequently the case, they were laid 
in a direction east and west ; and, finally, medals have 
been found, representing the sun and his rays of light. 
Duuklin County is an especially rich field for the 
archaeologist. Situated on the farm of C. V. Langdon, 
one mile south of Cotton Plant, is one of the largest 
mounds in the county, adjoining are smaller ones. 
North of Cardvvell, two miles on Major Willie Ray's 
place, there is quite a number. 

In the north part, and, in fact, nearly all over the 
county at comparatively short distances, these mounds 
are very noticeable. Extra large-sized human bones, 
skulls, earthen pots, rude ornaments, and various stone 
implements have been exhumed from many of these 


Whence they came, and to what other race they are 
allied, or whether they were originally created a dis- 


tinct people in the forest wilds of America have been 
questions much discussed by the learned and unlearned 
of modern times, but thus far have elicited onlv 
hypotheses in reply. The most common supposition 
is, however, that they are a derivative race, sprung 
from one of the more ancient people of Asia, and that 
they came to this continent by way of Behring Strait, 
and this doubtless is the true theory. The tribes 
with whom the first settlers of Missouri came princi- 
pally in contact were the Pottavvattomies, the lowas, 
the Kickapoos, the Sacs, and the Foxes. 

Among the Indian chiefs whom the first settlers of 
this county came in contact with were Chilletacaux, 
Senaca, Kinamore, John Big Knife, Corn Meal, John 
Ease, Moonshine, Buck-Eye and Chickolee. Chille- 
tacaux near Kennett was the principal Indian village; 
the Indian chief of the same name lived there in a 
small log hut, the cracks of which were suflacieiitly 
large for his many cats to go in and out at will. 
Even after the county had a considerable number of 
white settlers the Indians came back in summer to 
their old camp grounds. The squaws *' tended " a 
common corn-patch, from which each one received her 
portion. They also made beaded moccasins and orna- 
ments. The men hunted and fished. The Chickasaw 
Indians are said to have been lost during the earth- 
quakes at Cuckle-Burr Slough, between Buffalo Creek 
and Big Lake. The Indians were all peaceable and 
kind when treated so by the whites. 




The appearance, physical features, etc., of this 
part of the country before the earthquake of 1811-12, 
was very different from that of latter years. Before 
that disturbance of the earth's surface Crowley's Ridge 
extended to the lower end of Dunklin County, gradu- 
ally sloping on the sides and south end to level but 
Dot low land. 

Little River was called White Water, and was a 
beautiful but very crooked stream resembling a moun- 
tain creek; it had high banks on which grew highland 
timber, as oak, sassafras, walnut, mulberry, etc. 
This is a fact proven by the large amount of this tim- 
ber that still remains (much of it in a good state 
of preservation), imbedded in the '* bottoms " along 
St. Francois and Little Rivers. 

During a dry fall season, as has been this present 
one of 1895, one may easily see where Little River 
ran before the earthquakes. By following up its bed or 
main channel there are yet remains of its high banks in 
some places that give it the appearance of a creek 
during a dry season. On either side of this main 
chann'el may be found imbedded in the earth the above 
mentioned highland timber thoroughly water seasoned, 
and although one may at present drive across it it is 
usually covered with water from a few to many feet 
deep, making the swamp called Little River from one 
to several miles in width. 


East of Castor River (now known as New River in 
this county) and White Water or Little River, the 
country was described by Dr. Brookway through Col. 
Applegate as being before the earthquakes nearly 
level but not swampy, a beautiful country all the way 
to Point Pleasant in New Madrid County. 

The tunnels erected by that prehistoric race called 
*' Mound Builders," were numerous along these water- 
courses and much more conspicuous than is generally 
supposed. But in 1811-12 the general appearance of 
the country was materially changed. The banks of 
White Water were shaken down, and Little River, with 
a swamp on either side, in some places several miles 
in width, was formed in its stead. The magnificent 
highland timber was uprooted and left nearly, or quite, 
buried in mud and water. The hills, forests and clay 
soil in the south end of the county as well as all along 
its eastern boundary disappeared. The scene was an 
open country largely covered with water, on which 
grew few or no trees. So it was described by Indians 
to the early settlers. 

By the year 1830, West Prairie and Grand Prairie 
were nearly dry and covered with prairie and sage 
grass from three feet to the height of a man on horse- 
back. On the edges of the prairies the wild strawberry 
and dewberry grew in profusion. In the lower places 
there was a growth called wild, or duck oats, and 
ffreat rush and canebrakes on still lower land. The 
creeks and sloughs, that are now nearly or quite dry, 
most of the year, were then, in many places, deep 
enough to swim a horse. 


Much moss aad other aquatic growths flourished in 
the rivers and lakes then as dow. There was some 
small cypress in the swamps of Little River, but all 
over the lower end of the county the trees were com- 
paratively scarce and unusually small. During the 
fall seasons after the prairies were burned off, as they 
were every few years, sometimes annually, an unlimited 
view could be had. When this grass was allowed to 
grow it became so hiojh and thick that it was difficult 
to pass through unless one followed the paths made 
by wild beasts from water to den. 

No wonder that the waters and prairies were in turn 
blackened by thousands of geese, or made white by 
the beautiful swan, or changed to the dingy hue of the 
blue crane, or brightened by the rich coloring of the 
mallard duck. 

The wild turkey did not fail to mingle his gobble 
with the mocking jabber of the parrot, and many par- 
raquet. The American eagle built his nest in the 
cypress trees, in what is now the vicinity of Cotton 
Plant and Hornersville. 

With small birds the woods were fairly tilled, 
although there were many kinds of hawks and owls to 
prey upon them. Year after year the trees grew 
larger, and the small growth thicker, until by 1850 the 
entire county was a vast forest filled with wild animals 
and fur-bearing creatures — a good hunting and fish- 
ing ground for the Indians, but still very sparingly 
settled by whites. 

The largest wild animals that inhabited this county 
in early dates was the buffalo. James Baker and 



Wiley Clarkston killed seven of these animals from 
one herd at the head of Buffalo Island in 1845. Some 
other hunters killed sixteen from one herd. These 
animals left this county in the winter of 1847. Elk 
were more numerous than buffaloes. Nathanial Baker 
says he has seen several hundred of these quadrupeds 
in one herd in the fall of the year. They stayed in 
the swamps closer each year until January, 1865, 
when they went further west. 

Deer, bears, wolves, panthers, catamounts, wild 
cats, and fur-bearing creatures, as beaver, otter, mink, 
coon and opossum, lived here in great numbers, and 
were for many years the staple product of the 


Twenty years ago this county was nearly covered 
with a heavy growth of timber, broken on the east of 
the north central part by West Prairie and in the south 
central part by Grand Prairie. The Glades, a strip 
of black, mucky, low land from two to five miles wide, 
lies along St. Francois River for several miles in the 
northwest corner of the county and is heavily tim- 

Crawley's Ridge, a range of hills that strikes the 
county on the north in section 22-23, township 23, 
range 9, is from two to several miles wide, and zigzags 
through the north part of the county as far south as 
Campbell. It supports some fine beech and oak tim- 
ber. Among the clay soil of this ridge may be found 
some exceptionally fine potter's clay. 


The east, central and lower parts of the county jue 
level, traversed by many little rivers, creeks or so- 
called sloughs, that divide the surface into many small 

West Swamp is about five miles west of Maiden and 
separates that vicinity from the ridge. 

Canaan Island, southeast of Campbell, at the foot 
hills, and Clarkson, are separated by Pond Slough. 
Taylor's Slough runs between West Prairie and Hal- 
comb Island, and Varners River runs south of Halcomb 
and divides that island from Ten Mile Island. Chil- 
letacaux River separates the last named island from 
Scrub Ridge, or Kennett and vicinity. 

The cut-off that joins St. Francois andVarneys rivers 
runs between Ten Mile and Two Mile Islands. The 
last-named river runs between Two Mile Island and 
Horse Island and Buffalo Creek, between the latter and 
Grand Prairie. Buffalo and Horse Islands are divided 
by Honey Cypress, and Seneca Creek runs between an 
island of the same name and Buffalo. 

Formerly these creeks and sloughs were considered 
hopeless swamps. Now much of them are beginning 
to be appreciated as among the best land in the 
county. For years the high waters have depos- 
ited rich soil upon them ; this, with decaying vegeta- 
tion, have raised them materially. As the heavy 
timber is cut off the land dries. In many places 
where, fifteen years ago, water stood in s|)ring saddle- 
girth deep to a horse, the land is this year planted in 
corn and cotton, and bids fair to yield an abundant 




Is such as our people may justly feel proud. When it 
is remembered that less than fifty years ago an open 
farm of more than twenty acres was considered large, 
and ten acres was about the average size, now the 
glade has more and larger farms than did the county 
in 1858. The ridge has many line farms, well 

Levi Mercantile Co., Malden. 

improved, and West Swamp, between the ridge and 
Maiden, is fast being opened up. From the north 
county line to Maiden, and south of there to Kennett, 
magnificent farms bound you on every side, making 
comfortable homes and independent livelihoods for 
their owners. If you travel from Campbell west to 
the St. Francois River, or southeast through Canaan 
Island to Halcomb, thence south through Halcomb 
Island to White Oak and on down throuijh Ten Mile 


and Two Mile Islands, and south to Senatli on Horse 
Island, your road lies in a well improved country. 
On every hand it gives evidence of thrift and 

South of Senath on Horse Island and Buffalo Island 
to the county line there are some of the finest farms in 
the county ; still there is much unimproved land and 
fine timber here, especially in the vicinity of Card- 
well. From Kennett south to Cotton Plant on Grand 
Prairie and past Hornersville to the county line, are 
as fine farms as any county can boast. 


The blackberry, dewberry and strawberry grow 
wild in nearly every neighborhood in the county, 
from the hill-tops to the overflow regions in the 
extreme southeast corner. The wild grape, mus- 
cadine, persimmon, pecan, plum, crab-apple, and 
black-haw make beautiful the country, and laden the 
air with the delio^htful odor of their blossoms in 
spring, and hang out their fruit in tempting array 
among the autumn leaves. 

On the hills there is a growth known as Japan 
clover, which is a good mast for hogs, sheep, cattle, 
etc. The wild grasses, yonkepins, mosses, etc., are 


These have, perhaps, from times immemorial 
occasionally visited the regions of the lower Mississippi 
Valley, always causing great alarm and considerable 
loss of property to the inhabitants. 


The southeast corner of Dunklin County have, during 
some of these visitations, been inundated by the waters 
from the tributaries of the " great " river, and during 
some of these floods the muddy waters of the Missis- 
sippi itself have been easily noticed in the bounds of 
our county. 

Among the most destructive floods which have 
reached this county may be mentioned those of 1844, 
1857, 1858 and 1882-1883. The high waters of 1882 
were the most destructive to the inhabitants of this 
county of any which have occurred within the memory 
of the present generation. There was no loss of life 
among the inhabitants, but considerable live stock and 
much corn and other produce was destroyed. Febru- 
ary 28, 1882, the waters were noticed coming across the 
road near the Old Gulp Place south of Hornersville. 
It also flowed into all low places both north and south 
of the town. 

The waters flowed with as much swiftness as a moun- 
tain creek after a heavy rain, and the inhabitants at 
once became excited. James A. Mizelle, who lived in 
a small log house near the bank of Little River, about 
a mile south of town, immediately, with the assistance 
of neighbors, built a scaffold for his corn ; put the 
beds into the garret of his house, emptied the bureau 
drawers of their contents and took his family and live 
stock to higher ground. On coming back next day in 
his canoe he found the scaff'oldor corn pen washeddown, 
the corn floating in every direction, and the fences 
in a similar plight. On looking into the house, which 
he was just able to do by lying down in his canoe or 


** dugout," he found the chairs and bureaus with their 
legs in the air floating around in the top of the house. 

However, this was an exceptionally low place, 
and yet, where it had been only the day before dry 
land, green with early spring grass, it was on March 1, 
1882, covered by water from one to four feet in depth. 
The floods extended as far north as Cotton Plant and 
from one-half to two miles west of the river. 

The sloughs in the county were also high, and the 
St. Francois River overflowed its banks in some 
places. But in a short time the waters subsided almost 
as rapidly as they had risen, and the farmers, though 
a little late, made good crops. The Government came 
to the assistance of the people and replaced such nec- 
essaries as they had lost. 

The levee along the west bank of the Mississippi 
gives us reason to hope that these floods will not occur 
again; in fact, it is practically certain that it will afford 
us permanent protection. We have had no high water 
to do any damage in this county since 1884. 

The levee begins near Commerce, north of Cairo, 
111., and will extend to the mouth of the St. Francois 
River, near Helena, Ark. 



Dunklin County furnished but few incidents of the 
Civil War that are of much repute. The conflict par- 


took largely of the character of a guerrilla or partisan 
warfare, and with two or three exceptions there were 
no regularly planned and executed campaigns by regu- 
lar troops. At the beginning most of the inhabitants 
of this portion of the country were desirous of pre- 
serving the Union, but at the same time opposed to 
the coercion of the seceding States. When, however, 
the alternative of union or disunion was presented, the 
majority of the counties of Missouri went with the 
South. Dunklin, with the majority, supported the 
*' State Guards," which by act of the Legislature was 
organized in May, 1861. 

The Governor of Missouri appointed N. W. Watkins, 
Brigadier-General, to command the First Military 
District, which embraced Southeast Missouri. 

Gen. Watkins soon tendered his resignation, which 
was accepted. His successor was Gen. Jeff. Thomp- 
son. Upon assuming command he issued the follow- 
ing proclamatory call: — 

* ^^Missourians! strike for your Firesides and your 

** Headquarters First Military District, } 
Missouri State Guards. ^ 

** Bloomfield, Mo., Aug. 1, 18(j1. 
** To THE People of Missouri: 

'* Havinor been elected to command the fifallant sons 
of the First Military District of Missouri in the second 
War for Independence, I appeal to all whose hearts 
are with us to immediately take the field. By a 

History of Southeast Missouri. 


speedy and simultaneous assault on our foes we can, 
like a hurricane, scatter them to the winds, while tardy 
action, like the gentle South wind, will only meet 
with Northern frosts, and advance and recede, and, 
like the seasons, will be like the history of the war, 
and will last forever. Come now! Strike while the 
iron is hot! Our enemies are whipped in Virginia. 
They have been whipped in Missouri; Gen. Hardee 
advances in the center. Gen. Pillow on the right. Gen. 
McCuUoch on the left with 20,000 brave Southern 
hearts to our aid ; so leave your plow in the furrow, 
your ox to the yoke, and rush like a tornado upon our 
invaders and foes to sweep them from the face of the 
earth, or force them from the soil of the State. 

*< Brave sons of the First District, come and join us ! 
We have plenty of ammunition and the cattle on 
10,000 hills are ours. We have 40,000 Belgian mus- 
kets coming, but bring your guns and muskets 
with you if you have them, if not come without 
them. We will strike our foes like a Southern 
thunderbolt, and soon our camp fires will illuminate 
the Meramec and Missouri. 

'< Come, turn out I 

'* Jeff. Thompson, 

" Brigadier-General Comd'g." 

Early in 1861 a regiment was organized in Dunklin 
County for the State Guard's service. James A. 
Walker was elected Colonel, and D. Y. Pankey, Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel, and Birth Right, Major. 

Among the captains of companies were S. P. 



Eldricige, Lee Taylor, A. J. Dooley, W. P. Jones and 
Taylor Pickard. The regiment was organized at 
Clarkton, and after spending some time in drilling, 
joined Gen. Thompson's force and were in the fight 
at Fredericktown. Gen. Thompson, with his State 
Guards, entered upon an active warfare, and while 
they did not do any serious damage to the Union army 
succeeded in drawing the attention of a considerable 
force. On August 11, 1861, a detachment dashed into 
the valley of Hemburg, Scott Co., where there was a 
small body of Home Guards. Killed one man, 
wounded five andcaptured thirteen. 

On August 20, 1861, Col. Jason H. Hunter was 
sent out to develop the Unionists in the vicinity of 
Bird's Point. At Charleston he met Col. Dougherty 
with the Twenty-second Illinois Infantry, and engaged 
them in a skirmish in the town, but was driven back 
in confusion. When he returned to camp. Hunter 
was placed under arrest by Gen. Thompson for dis- 
obeying orders, his instructions having been not to 
engage the enemy. Gen. Thompson's men numbered 
about 3,000, about 800 of whom were Dunklinites. 

In October, Gen. Thompson with his entire force 
marched northward to Fredericktown, followed by a 
considerable force of Union men under Col. J. B. 
Plumer from Cape Girardeau. Before the arrival of 
Plumer, Thompson left Fredericktown, and it was 
thought by the citizens of the town that he was in full 
retreat, and they so informed his pursuers. 

Plumer at once followed the Confederates, and 
when about a mile southof town, was met by the latter 


in full force ; they had faced about and awaited the 
approach of the enemy. During the fight that ensued 
neither side suffered serious loss. Gen. Thompson 
was driven back and retreated in safety to Greenville. 

Meanwhile the Union forces had not remained idle. 
July 17, 1861, B. Gratz Brown, with a regiment of 
three-months' volunteers, was ordered to take posses- 
sion of Pilot Knob, where he remained until August 
8th, when he was relieved by Gen. U. S. Grant, with 
his Twenty -first Illinois regiment. Gen. Grant at 
once prepared to take the offensive against Hardee, 
at Greenville, but when ready to begin active opera- 
tion, he was relieved by Gen. B. M. Prentiss. 

About September 1st, Gen. Grant was appointed to 
the command of the district of Southeast Missouri, 
which also included Southern Illinois. He established 
temporary headquarters at Cape Girardeau, but a few 
days later removed to Cairo, Illinois. 

By order of the Department Commander he was 
first to take command of a combined expedition from 
Cairo, Bird's Point and Ironton for the capture of »Ieff. 
Thompson. Gen. Prentiss had been ordered to move 
from Ironton to Cape Girardeau, and the forces at Cairo 
were to be ready to drop down the river to Belmont 
and march westward from that point. When Gen. 
Prentiss reached Jackson, he found orders from Grant 
to halt his troops there, but disregarding them he 
pushed on to Cape Girardeau, where he was met by 
Grant, who ordered him to return his men to Jackson 
at once. Prentiss believed himself the ranking officer, 
and feeling much aggrieved at being placed under one 


whom he considered his junior, he left his command 
when he had counter-marched them to Jackson, and 
went to St. Louis. This put an end to the expedition 
against Thompson. 

After the campaign at Fredericktown the regiment 
from Dunklin County returned to New Madrid, and at 
the end of six months was mustered out. Meanwhile 
Gen. Grant, who was stationed at Cairo, had by 
November 1, 1861, an army of 20,000 Union soldiers 
fairly well drilled but entirely unexperienced in war. 

Gen. Grant divided his men, dispatching Col. 
Oglesby from Bird's Point with a force of nearly 3,000 
men in pursuit of an equally large number of Confed- 
erates, who were reported to be on St. Francois River 
about fifty miles to the west. On November 5, Grant 
received a teleojram from St. Louis informinor him 
that the enemy were reinforcing Price from Columbia 
by way of White River, and directing him if possible 
to prevent it. Now Col. W. H. L. Wallace was sent 
to overtake and reinforce Oglesby, and to change the 
direction of the expedition to New Madrid. Gen. C. 
F. Smith was ordered to make a demonstration on 
Columbus from Paducah. Gen. Grant with his 
remaining 3,000 men dropped down the river on 
steamers convoyed by two gunboats to within six miles 
of Columbus. 

Learning early the next morning that the Confed- 
erates were crossing troops to Belmont to reinforce 
the camp at that place, Grant pushed down the river 
and an hour after daybreak was landing his troops on 
the west bank about a mile above Belmont. By 8 


o'clock two companies from each regiment were 
thrown forward, as skirmishers, and soon met the 
enemy. The engagement soon became general and 
histed for about four hours. Finally the Confederates 
fell back and took refuge belovv the river bank. The 
Union men wasted their time by plundering the de- 
serted tents of the Confederates, thereby forfeiting 
an opportunity to secure a signal victory. During 
this time the Confederates dispatched two boat loads 
of reinforcements from Columbus. 

Gen. Grant was powerless to control his men until 
they found themselves in danger of being cut off from 
retreat ; they then formed in line and started for their 
boats, which they reached with but little resistance 
from the enemy. 

The loss in this battle was considerable on both 
sides. This closed the campaign of 1861. 

In 1862, the first important movement in Dunklin 
County was that made by Col. Edd Daniels in May, 
with the First Wisconsin regiment. On oeing de- 
feated in a fight at Chalk Bluff, Ark., with Col. W. L. 
Jeffers, a Confederate oflScer, Daniels pushed down 
through this county and captured the steamer Daniel 
E. Miller, at Hornersville. 

October 29, 1862, there was a skirmish at Clarkton, 
between the Second Illinois Cavalry from New Madrid, 
Rogers Battery from Columbus, and Col. Henry E. 
Clark. The former captured about sixty men and 
over sixty horses and then retreated. 

In August, 1863, Col. R. G. Woodson made a raid 
from Pilot Knob to Pocahontas, Ark., and captured 


Gen. JefF. Thompson and his entire staff, all of whom 
were sent to Gratiot Prison, St. Louis. 

From this time until the close of the war, there 
were no regular organized troops from Dunklin 
County except those allied with Col. Solomon G. 
Kitchens, who recruited a regiment in the spring of 
1862, in Stoddard County. Jesse Ellison was made 
Lieutenant-Colonel, and Capt. Walker of this county, 
Major, also Dr. Linamood was Captain of a Com- 
pany from Hornersville. These all joined Gen. 
Price in his operations against Steel in Southern 
Arkansas, and remained with him until surrendered at 
Jacksonport, Ark., on June 5, 1865. 

Several merciless guerrilla bands operated in the 
southern part of Missouri led by such men as Pope 
Conyers, Timothy Reeves, Hilderbrandt and the 



In 1829 Howard Moore located and built a small 
house near Maiden, and was the first white resident of 
Dunklin County. Mr. Moore afterward bought the 
old Chilletacaux hut and improvements near Kennett. 
In 1830, Mich.'iel Braunm, Jacob Taylor, and Abija 
Rice, natives of North Carolina, who had formerly 
settled at Bloomfield, came to Dunklin County. The 
friendly Indian Chief Chilletacaux preceded them and 


cut out or eDlargecl the '* Indian trail" or " bridle 
path " to allow their two-wheeled ox carts and *' pack- 
horses " to pass through the rushes, grass and cane 
which obstructed the way. Taylor stopped on the 
slough that perpetuates his name; Braunm located on 
Braunni's Point near Hornersville, and Rice located 
two miles northwest of that town, near where his son 
Pascal Rice now resides. 

In 1831 Moses Norman located on West Prairie. 
In February, 1832, Thomas Neel, sen., and his wife's 
father, Ray, emigrated to this county. 

Mr. Ray was killed by being thrown from his cart 
before reaching his destination, and was the first per- 
son buried at the ** Old Horner" burying ground, 
and is claimed to be the first white person buried in 
the county. 

About the same time another emigrant, James 
Crow, was killed by a runaway horse, and was the 
second man buried in the county. 

James Baker and Wiley Clarkston came in 1833, 
and (passing three houses, the only ones between 
Moore's and Horse Island on the Big Road) located 
on Horse Island. Baker bought the claim of Jim 
Finley, the first, and at that time, the only white 
family on the island, while Clarkston entered land. 
In the same year Russle and William H. Horner 
settled at Hornersville. 

Among those who located here within the next few 
years were : Pleasant Cockrum and Horris in the 
vicinity of Cockrum Post-office, Jack Cude at Cotton 
Plant, Thomas Varner on Varner River, and George 


Sheppard near Kennett; Henry Meyers and N. W. 
Seitz on West Prairie, Hugh Shipley, four miles 
north of Kennett, and Evan Evans south of that 
place, in front of the " eight big cottonwood 
trees." McCullough and Lafayette Sexton were 
also among the early settlers in this vicinity, 
and Adam Barnhart, who settled the old Baker 
Place; Hugh Shipley, the Suiters, Shultz and Jack- 
sons were neighbors. Frank Lee was one of the 
pioneers and located three miles north of Hornersville. 
Dr. Given Owens located on Rush Creek in 1841. 
A. D. Bridges came to the county with his parents in 
1844, and soon settled on Bridges Creek near *' Four 
Mile." About the same time Jordan Lacy, John 
Holtzhouser, James Faughn, Tucker and William 
Gear located in the vicinity of Maiden and Campbell. 
Besides these, there were, in 1847, located as indicated, 
the following : M. Gibany, who kept a small grocery 
store near the present site of Maiden ; Dr. Allen and 
T. Hatley, in the same vicinity; John Gunnells, Jesse 
Long, Mrs. Floyd, Montgomery, John McMasteis 
and Dick Skaggs, near Clarkton. 

At the head of West Prairie was Ephriham Thorn- 
berry and James Harris. On Halcomb Island was 
the Barnes farm, a small farm where the John P. 
Taylor place now is, and Louis Halcomb near the 
'< Lone Pine," and farther south the Miller and Bill 

Chapman places, John Shields, Holloway, Dr. 

Bozark, John Lowery, H. D. Flowers, Field, 

Hiram Langdon and John Scott, and Price in the 
vicinity of Kennett. Billy Johnson on Johnson's Island 



and Monroe on Ragland Slough. Near the present 
siteof Caruth, A. Thompson, Mrs. Welch, C. Bancroft, 
H. Spencer, Mr. Whitney, Joe Pelts and Robt. L. 
Glasscock were located. Near Cotton Plant, Mr. 
O'Dannell, Riley Clarkston and J. McGrue, Joe Laden, 

Lone Fine. 

Daniel Harkey had opened land. North of Horners- 
ville was Mr. Oxford, James P. Neel, J. McDaniel, J. 
Lucux, John B. Walker, and James Williamson ; and 
one-half mile south of that place, the Old Culp place. 
In 1850, Dr. Jacob Snider settled on his place west 
of Maiden on the foot-hills, and found, for neighbors, 


Charles Vincent, William Cross, and the *' Widow 
Scaggs," and next, the Millers, at the foot of the hill 
at Dexter. 

In the same year, A. T. Douglass located in Clay 
Township. Among their neighbors were E. J. Lang- 
don, Edward Spencer, Louis Chandler, Isair Jones, 
John Marsh, James Bradley, John Doughtery, Dick 
Cook, William Herman, Absolom Fairis, the Mifflins, 
A. B. Williams and David Finley. Within the next 
decade came the heads of some of the most prominent 
families, who — or their descendants — are still with 
us, such as : John P. Taylor, Judge Hodges, Henry 
James, Judge J. M. Waltrip, Daniel Harkey, James 
P. Neel, Bennett Marshall, Asa B. Douglass, Enoch 
Shelton, Humphrey Donalson, A. C. Auston, William 
M. Saturfield, Moses Farrar, Judge E. Aker, C. N. 
Lasley, David Rice, James Oxley, James A. Smyth, 
Henry A. Applegate, William H. Shelton, Robert W. 
Stokes, John Wright, T. F. Ham, Isam A. Waltrip, 
Garrol M. White, Elgin C. White. 

In the sixties came Jonas P. Stewart, Maj. W. C. 
Rayburn, Benjamin R. Hopkins, Thomas H. Davis, 
Capt. William G. Bragg, Martin V. Baird, William N. 
Guns, Dr. V. H. Harrison, Judge James H. Owens, 
Thomas B. Reeves, Dr. F. M. Wilkins, T. C. Stokes, 
Daniel R. Cox, Rev. T. J. Davis. 

These early settlers have become the fathers of 
many of our present leading citizens, and yet many 
of Dunklin County's most prominent citizens have 
located here since 1870 ; these will mostly be found in 
the Biographical Sketches. 



None of the early settlers had more difficulties 
to encounter than these worthy men. Their names 
are: Dr. eToe Rice and Dr. Allen, near Maiden, and 
Dr. Jacob Snider, six miles west of Maiden, where he 
now resides ; Dr. James Rice, also Dr. Given Owen, of 
*«Four Mile;" Dr. Floyd and Dr. Scaggs, near 
Clarkton; Dr. Varner, on the river that is known by 
his name ; Dr. Fisher, Dr. Bozark and Dr. William 
Grinstead, at Kennett; Dr. Crawford Jones, near 
Caruth, and Dr. W. H. Homer, at HornersviUe. 

There were also Dr. Page and Dr. Andrew Sloan, 
and Dr. F. M. Wilkins and Dr. Van H.Harrison, who 
located in this county in 1859 and 1862 respectfully. 

There are, certainly, quite a number of prominent 
physicians who have resided and practiced in this 
county for twenty or twenty-five years, yet could not 
be considered pioneers. 


Dunklin County has passed through all the varied 
stages and experiences of the ordinary new country. 
Because of its being difficult of access it was not 
settled as rapidly as some of the other counties of 
Missouri. Then its great forests, — wild honey, wild 
fruit, wild animals, and peculiar geographical situation, 
made it a favorite hiding-place for criminals and des- 
peradoes. The stranger, associating these with the 
common citizen, formed a prejudice against the county 
which we have yet to entirely overcome. 


It is a great mistake to think that the Dunklin 
County citizen is not law-abiding, intelligent, indus- 
trious, progressive, and in every way up with the best 
people of Southeast Missouri. 

True, the time was when our citizens ** pounded " 
their bread in the top of a stump, hollowed out for 
the purpose, with the aid of a maul on a ** sweep " 
operated in a ** windlass" something like the old 
fashioned *' well-sweep " — and when their meat was 
venison steak, bear bacon, or some other wild meat, 
and their sassafras and spice wood, tea and coffee, was 
sweetened with wild honey. 

In those days the pioneers ate corn bread three 
times each day for six days, and on the seventh had 
a change in the form of biscuits for breakfast, made 
of wheat flour that had been hauled all the way from 
Cape Girardeau, over that most terrible pole road, — 
'' The Devil's Washboard/' 

But soon the little steel handmill for grinding corn 
replaced the Indian apparatus mentioned above, and 
one step was made on the line of progress. 

In 1844, the nearest horse-power mill was situated 
about where Bernie now stands. To *< go to mill " 
was a two day's job, and the citizen who had no hand- 
mill, and had too large a family for which to pound 
his bread, went "to mill" about once each month, 
taking corn for his near neighbors, who, as he com- 
placently stated, only lived from three to ten miles 
distant, and had left their corn at his house the even- 
ing before he expected to start to the grist mill. 
The citizens from the south part of the county could 


not make the trip even in two days with their ox 
teams and usually made Chilletacaux hut their lodg- 
ing place. The Indian chief would spread his buffalo 
robes for them to sleep upon, and if it were cold 
keep fires in his stick-dirt fireplace all night for their 
comfort, and with a word and a motion of his hand 
send his multitude of cats out through the openings 
between the logs of his hut like so many spiders into 
their holes. 

John Gunnells owned and operated the first horse- 
power mill in the north part of this county ; it stood 
near the present site of the J. P. Stewart mill. 

In the latter part of 1849 Higginbotham erected a 
steam mill near the same place and operated it for 
several years. One of the oldest mills in the county 
was the ''West Prairie Mill" which stood on the 
corner of the old Marshall Place, two miles south of 
Clarkton. Another of the first mills of the county 
was erected by a Mr. Wadkins, but was soon after- 
ward bought by Bridges & Taylor, and operated by 
them near Old Four Mile. 

The first mill in the southern part of the county, 
to grind for the public, was operated by Howard 
Moore near Kennett. The public, as was customary 
in such instances, putting in its teams to help do the 
work and, in addition, paying the ordinary toll. In 
those days each citizen, while his corn was being 
ground, cut wood for the steam mills, besides paying 
toll out of his corn. 

Jack Cude put up the first mill at Cotton Plant 
about 1847. A Mr. Clark owned also a grist mill 


which E. J. Langdon bought in the early part of the 
'50s, and successfully operated for years. These 
mills were crude affairs, being either small horse- 
power or steam mills of no great force, and were all 
corn or grist mills. To get their wheat ground into 
flour the pioneers were compelled to go to Bloomfield, 
Mo., or Cape Girardeau, or else had it ground in the 
corn mill and then *' bolted " it by hand. 

During the very earliest days the pioneer women 
picked the seeds from their cotton, — which they used 
for making cloth, — by hand. But about 1850 a 
small cotton gin was established in the southern end 
of the county to *' gin spinning cotton for the ladies." 
E. J. Langdon soon bought this and carried on the 
first extensive cotton business in the county. 

The first merchants of Dunklin County could not be 
said to have extensive establishments, on the contrary, 
most of them kept small concerns covered and boarded 
up on the sides with clapboards made by hand from 
native trees. One of these, called a '' grocery," stood 
on the site of Maiden's present public school building. 
An old citizen says that, after excepting the barrel of 
liquor, the entire stock kept in 1844 could have been 
tied in an ordinary tablecloth. The proprietor of this 
'* grocery " was Mr. M. Gibany. 

Martin Hodge kept a somewhat more substantial 
grocery store at Old Four Mile in the same year. 
Abb Wheeler was one of the first merchants at Old 
Cotton Hill. One of the first stores in the county 
was owned by Elbert C. Spiller, at Kennett. John 
Timberman and John Muse were the pioneer mer- 


chants at Clarkton, as also was John H. Stokes, who 
established a store at the same place in 1856. E. J. 
Langclon and Lsiar Jones ran a cooper shop and sup- 
plied their neighbors with pails, tubs, etc., and 
a blacksmithj near Cotton Plant in the latter part of 
the '40s. Mr. Langdon also established the first 
general store in that vicinity, which he continued to 
run for many years. 

William Saturfield was proprietor of a general store 
at Hornersville as early as 1857. For several years 
Jack Miller hauled goods from Cape Girardeau in an 
ox wagon for many of these first stores. Another 
way of bringing goods into the county was on small 
boats that ran from Memphis, Tenn., up Little River 
to Hornersville. The pioneer farmers of Dunklin 
County cultivated a small corn crop in summer and 
hunted or trapped for fur and game during the winter. 
Later on they raised some wheat, also cattle and hogs, 
but gave very little attention to fruit or garden vege- 
tables. Not until after the Civil War did they culti- 
vate any cotton except a few rows for spinning cotton. 

Now all this is changed, for although checked by 
the Civil War, as was all the rest of our country, 
Dunklin County has climbed far up the ladder of prog- 
ress. Her cotton gins, saw mills, grist mills and like 
enterprises, blow their whistles on every hand, while 
they turn out the best product of their kind. 

A good flouring mill is now making and sending out 
four good qualities of flour from Campbell. The 
Laswell Milling Company owns and operates a very 
large saw mill and lumberyard at that place. Maiden 


has a large stave factory which handles and ships out 
of the county an immense amount of timber, and is 
an enterprise any county might be proud to possess. 

Kennett has cotton gins, corn-sheller, cotton seed 
huUers and other like machinery, and prepares a large 
portion of the products of the county for market. 
Kennett also has a cold storage warehouse, and much 
fish and game are shipped from this place. No finer 
fish or frogs exist than those in the waters of Dunklin 
County. They are not used for currency, as has been 
sneeringly stated, but they bring to our county about 
$30,000 annually, besides afi'ording us two fine home 
dishes that satisfies the palate of the Dunklinite in the 
same manner as it does the St. Louisan. 

There has been much gossip about we using furs 
for currency. Now this was the case but to a very 
limited extent forty or fifty years ago. There was 
found among Hon. James P. Walker's papers three 
years ago a note which proves that to some extent this 
was done. It read: — 

18 — . November 15th, afterdate I promise to pay 
to Jas. P. Walker twenty-one he minkskins for value 
received. (Signed) 

Many stories have been told about the pioneers 
taking large fur hides to their merchants, buying a 
few goods and receiving a small hide for change. 
This no doubt was true in some instances, but it has 
been greatly exaggerated. The fact is the fur buyers 
from Cape Girardeau and other places, as well as E. 


J. Langdon and other home merchants, paid the old 
hunters thousands of dolhirs in gold and silver each 
season for their furs. Many of the old citizens say 
the fur traflSc during those pioneer days amounted 
from $75,000 to $100,000 annually. 

There is yet some fur in our county, but this traffic 
has, of course, greatly diminished in recent years. 
Our farmers now deal in cattle, hogs, horses, mules, 
cotton, corn, watermelons, wheat and other produce. 
George W. Marshall raises and ships more cattle and 
hogs than any other farmer in the county. Ben. F. 
Hicks is also an extensive stock dealer, and T. J. 
Douglass buys and ships extensively. 

There are, besides those mentioned above, a number 
of prominent and extensive stock raisers and dealers in 
this county who dehorn and prepare their stock in the 
latest approved manner for market; feeding corn 
from steam crushers, and turning that grain into fat 
beef and pork. Yet it is a fact, that our people con- 
tinue to buy much of their meats from St. Louis. 
Yet our farmers are progressing and each year raising 
more of the necessaries of life, buying less on credit 
and saving more provisions and money for "next 
summer." Our merchants have kept pace with the 
rest of America's business men, and now show a 
large amount of the latest merchandise displayed in 
commodious, and even elegant frame or brick 

Small frame buildings, irregular sidewalks and other 
marks of newness are disappearing from the main 
streets of our larger towns, and cement or other good 



walks are being laid in their place, with brick and 
large frame houses as backgrounds. The residences 
of our towns and country are yearly putting on a 
look of more permanence, beauty and luxury. We 
have a number of public buildings which would be an 
honor to any county of a like age. The Courthouse, 
situated on the public square in the town of Kennett, 
the county seat, was erected in 1892, at a cost of 
$15,000. The official rooms on the first floor are con- 
venient and fitted up with the best modern furniture. 
The court and jury rooms on the second floor are 
amply commodious and neatly furnished. 

The jail is a frame building furnished with Pauley 
Bros, cells and was erected in 1882 at a cost of $9,000. 
There are in the' county forty-five church buildings. 
There are fifty-four school buildings worth between 
forty and fifty thousand dollars. We have places for 
sixty-seven teachers at an average salary of $43 per 

Our home teachers hold nine first-grade certificates, 
thirty-six second, and eighteen third grades, given by 
the Dunklin County Teachers Institute, which meets 
annually. The last term was held in Kennett in June 
of 1895. There are also five Normal diplomas and 
four certificates from the Cape Girardeau State Normal 

Prof. T. J. Baird, county school commissioner, and 
conductor of the Teachers Institute for two years 
past, and Prof. R. S. Douglass, who was assistant in 
the County Institute, are considered at the head of the 
educational faculty in the county. These gentlemen 


graduated with high honors from the Cape Girardeau 
State School and are both natives of Dunklin County. 

Most of our other teachers are either natives or have 
resided at least several years in the county, and as a 
body would be an honor to any county in our State. 

We lack in our towns the benefits derived from large 
colleges, but, as a whole, to take our county all over, 
we have as good — many informed persons say bet- 
ter — public school buildings than any county in South- 
east Missouri. Nearly all are nently painted, finished 
inside with hard oil and fitted up with modern furni- 
ture. The terms of school run from four to ten 
months; six months being about the average. 

When we consider that fifteen years ago there was 
scarcely a respectable school building in the county, 
and but few organized districts, one may readily see 
that we have made a grand stride along the line of 

As to morals no county has improved more rapidly 
than Dunklin during the last decade. The pastors of 
the various church organizations, reported from all 
over the county a greater number of additions during 
the past year than ever before in a like period. 

The Dunklin County Fair Association has fairly 
well equipped grounds at Kennett, and every year 
becomes better and more interesting. Every kind of 
stock, machinery, farm products, ladies' fancy work, 
and all other things displayed are noticeably better 
each season. 

Dunklin County's banks are operated according to 
the most approved business principles. The Bank of 


Kennett, at Keiinett, has a capital stock of $25,000, 
with a deposit on January 1, 1895, of $71,192.81. 
The Dunklin County Bank, at Maiden, has a capital 
stock of $15,000, with a deposit January 1, 1895, 
of $31,000. 

Dunklin County's newspapers have passed through 
all the ins and outs, ups and downs, incidental to the 
county paper. Its career commenced with the 
"Dunklin County Herald," established in 1870 at 
Kennett; at about the same time the ** Missouri 
Democracy" was removed from Cape Girardeau to 
Clarkton, and in January, 1871, the two were consoli- 
dated and published at Kennett. 

In 1872 Albert & Baldwin established the <*Adver- 
tiser" at Clarkton. In a short time it was purchased 
by Charles E. Stokes, who, in September, 1874, en- 
larged it, changed the name to the ** Enterprise," and 
in 1876 it was removed to Kennett, and about the 
close of the year suspended. 

In October, 1877, the '< Dunklin County Advocate " 
was established at Clarkton, by W. R. McDaniel, but 
very soon after the office was taken to Kennett, and 
for a time it was published by J. W. Baldwin. In 
1879 it was removed to Maiden, by Charles E. Stokes, 
and its publication continued under the name of the 
** Maiden Clipper." It was published by successive 
owners until the spring of 1886, when it was returned 
to Kennett, and after about a year suspended. It was 
superseded in Maiden by the *' Dunklin County 
News," published by John P. Allen, and edited by R. 
G. Sandridge. 


This paper has been subject to some changes and 
published by successive owners. 

At present the << Dunklin County News,'* Maiden, 
Missouri, is ** Issued under full pressure and with 
great good will, weekly, by the Edwards Printing 
Company, Casper M. Edwards, editor and manager," 
and is a *' paper for the people." *' Progress versus 
Poverty;" ** under no man's thumb, anchored to no 
clique, bound to make things hum every time we 
speak." Mr. Edwards is an amiable and able gentle- 
man, and believes in keeping in close touch with his 
people, not behind, neither far ahead, as — 

*' The man is thought a knave or fool, 
Or bigot plotting crime, 
Who for the advancement of his race, 
Is wiser than his time." 

The *'News" is Democratic in politics, and its 
columns are always wholesome and newsy. April 19, 
1888, the ''Clipper" was revived by Robert H. 
Jones, who had also been associated with it for several 
years during its life at Maiden. It was published at 
Kennett as the " Kennett Clipper," by R. H. and L. 
Jones, until April, 1893, when it was bought by its 
present owners, and its name changed to the ** Dunklin 
Democrat," Kennett, Dunklin County, Mo., published 
weekly by the Dunklin County Publishing Co., E. P. 
Caruthers, editor. 

Mr. Caruthers shows marked ability and great 
energy and — *' Publishes for all of the people in the 
best county in the best State on earth." Undoubtedly 
the best county paper in Southeast Missouri. 


His paper is always newsy and sure to be up with 
the times. The people of the entire county are 
justly proud of the ** Dunklin Democrat." 

The population of Dunklin County in 1850 was 
1,220; in 1860 there was 5,026; in 1870 the census 
showed 5,982; 1880 showed 9,604; 1890 grew to 
15,085; and this present year, 1895, it is estimated 
to be fully 20,000. The growth of this county in the 
past fifteen years has certainly been phenomenal, but 
not so great as may be reasonably expected within 
a like number of years in the future. Its increase in 
population has been based on the great natural re- 
sources of which the county abounds. The fact that 
this is a desirable place for young or enterprising 
citizens to start up and make homes of their own is 
yearly, nay weekly, bringing us permanent citizens. 

The people of this county have not always enjoyed 
the large number of splendid public roads, and the 
means of ingress and egress afforded by our present 
railroad system. Until within the past ten years the 
road leading west from Cotton Plant, crossing Buffalo 
creek at the Dave Woods place, and leading southwest 
to the St. Francois River, was scarcely more than a 
bridle path. If the traveler desired to go west to 
Gainsville, Ark., or other points, he crossed the river 
at Bowlen's Ferry, by allowing himself and saddle — if 
he was on horseback — to be ** paddled" across the 
river in a canoe, while he held his horse's bridle and 
let him swim behind. Now the railroad leading w^est 
from Cardwell in the south end of this county to 
Paragould, Ark., takes the place of these crude accom- 


modations. The public roads — several in number — 
leading to this vicinity are well protected by levees and 
bridged wherever necessary. The public road leading 
from the extreme south line of the county by Horners- 
ville, Cotton Plant, and so on north to Kennett, 
Clarkton, Maiden, and to Dexter, branches every few 
miles to every little post-village in the county and 
is always well kept and never becomes impassable; 
one may pass over the county with a one-horse buggy 
at any time of the year. At Kennett the public road 
is intercepted by the Kennett and Caruthersville Rail- 
road, which affords quick transportation east to 
Caruthersville on the Mississippi River. 

The St. Louis, Kennett & Southern Railroad con- 
nects Kennett and Campbell, and connects with the 
St. Louis Southwestern Railway, at the last mentioned 
town, bringing Dunklin County in close touch with 
the outside world. 

The St. Louis, Southwestern Ry. Cotton Belt 
Route, passes through Maiden, and connects that town 
with Campbell and all Western points, and brings both 
of these towns within a few hours' ride of Cairo, 111. 
The Delta Branch, which runs into Maiden from 
the North, makes accessible St. Louis and the North. 
The five railroads in this county are fairly well equipped 
considering the short time they have been in operation. 

It will be noticed that the above railroad system 
shows Dunklin County to be in easy access to Missouri 
and the remainder of the United States of America. 
Shipping facilities are good, and the officials of the 
several railroads are courteous and accommodatinsf. 




In 1846, the first church house ever erected in 
Dunklin County was built by the small neighborhood 
around it and stood about one mile south of the 
present site of the town of Maiden. The building was 
composed of hewed gum logs. Thomas Warren, a 
Freewill Baptist minister, organized a church of that 
sect, which occupied this house. The organization 
lived and flourished until the winter of 1849-50, when 
an epidemic of what was l^nown as black tongue broke 
out among the inhabitants, and nearly depopulated 
the sparsely settled neighborhood. December 29, 
1849, Mrs. Jordan Lacy and seven other persons were 
buried at the old burying ground south of Maiden. 
This church organization was soon lost sight of, and so 
far as can be ascertained there has never been another 
Freewill Baptist organization in the county up to the 
present time. 

Rev. Miller next organized a General Baptist Church 
which worshiped in this house. He preached here 
about one year and then died at his home in Gains- 
ville. Ark. Soon after this a missionary Baptist 
minister effected an organization whose members wor- 
shiped in this house. 

The Beechwell General Baptist Church and the Oak 
Grove Missionary Baptist Church are properly out- 
growths of these early organizations. The second 


church house built in the county was the Old Liberty 
near Caruth, which was erected about 1853. The 
members of the M. E. C. S. worshiped in this house. 
They now have a good frame building on the site of 
the old log church. 

In 1853 or 1854 a large log church with a Masonic 
lodge above was built in the town of Clarkton. Al- 
though other denominations worshiped here, this 
house was looked upon as belonging to the Cumber- 
land Presbyterians; it stood on the site of the pres- 
ent Cumberland Presbyterian Church in Clarkton. 

Perhaps the next church building erected in the 
county was the old Harkey's Chapel. At first this 
was a small log building used for school, church and 
other public meetings (as were also all the other 
church houses in the county up to twenty years ago), 
and it stood on the Daniel Harkey Place, now the 
William Ray Old Place, near Nesbit. The principiU 
organization which worshiped in this house was that 
of'the M. E. C. S. Later this church built a house on 
the corner of the William Herman farm. A few 
years ao-o they built the new Harkey Chapel at Nesbit. 
Before'anv of these houses were built the people wor- 
shiped under bush arbors or clapboard shanties. One 
of these shanties stood near the Scaggs Place north ot 
Clarkton. The preacher's stand was ** two blackjack 
poles driven in the dirt tioor, with a cypress board 
pinned to their tops." In this same place of wor- 
ship the lights were, in one instance, when tallow 
candles grew scarce, made in egg shells. 

Here is a good description of the method of maknig 


these lights : *' A small hole was made in the little end 
of an egg and the shell emptied of its contents, it was 
then filled with bear's oil or coon grease, a twisted 
cotton wick put in it and the shell set in a saucer of 
salt." One of the pioneer ladies says the egg-shell 
lamps gave a very good light and that they were 

One of the pioneer preachers who often stood be- 
hind the board-stands, and read his text by the light 
of the egg-shell lamps, had his attire made from 
homespun cloth. In color his trousers were usually 
of copperas and black, his shirt of copperas and white, 
with suspenders of the same; in summer he wore no 
coat and his tall '* beegum " hat was the only piece of 
clerical looking apparel which he possessed. 

He was, however, a good, conscientious man, who 
did all in his power to bring his congregations to 
understand their spiritual needs and duty to their 
Creator, and although the gentlemen of his congre- 
gations carried their oruns with them to church, even 
on the Sabbath, they listened earnestl}^ to what he 
said and were no doubt benefited. The wolves, bears, 
panthers, wild cats and other wild animals were so 
numerous in those days that it was considered best not 
to go away from the house without some means of 
protection, hence the gun was a constant companion 
of the pioneer. The clapboard shanty was not only 
the church of the pioneer but school house of his 
children, where they attended the two or three months 
** pay " school each summer. 

More might be said of places of worship, customs 


of the pioneer, etc., but one may from the above 
realize something of what those pioneer days were 
like. It is only when one looks back on those days 
and then compares them with the present that one can 
realize the height to which we have climbed during the 
period of fifty years which comprise the time of the 
organization of Dunklin County. At present there are 
about forty-five church edifices in the county, repre- 
senting a value of $50,000. 

Of the 20,000 inhabitants in this county fully 5,000 
are members of some one of the eight different relig- 
ious sects planted within its limits. Thirty-nine 
Sunday-schools are carried on most of the year, and 
in them religious instructions are given to 4,000 chil- 
dren. The co-operative Sunday-school movement 
has done much to awaken an interest in Sunday-school 
work. H. A. Applegate, president of the Dunklin 
County Sunday-school Association, certainly deserves 
great credit for his work along this line, and it is 
earnestly hoped that every Sunday-school in the 
county will be represented at its next annual meeting, 
which will take place at Halcomb in July of 1896. 
At Halcomb, Campbell, Clarkton and Cotton Plant 
are strong union Sunday-schools. 


TheRegular order of Baptists are commonly spoken 
of as Missionary Baptists.* 

Beginning in 1796, the first Baptist settlement, the 

* This information is principally taken from Baptists of South- 
east Missouri, by H. F. Tong. 


first ministers, the first convert, the first baptism, the 
first church, the first Baptist Association, were estab- 
lished west of the Mississippi river; and these were 
the first Christians other than Roman Catholics to set 
foot on the land of Missouri. 

The second Baptist Church formed in Missouri was 
Bethel, organized in 1806. The first house of worship 
erected, save those built by Catholics, was built by 
this church not long after its organization. It was 
constructed mainly of large yellow poplar logs well 
hewn, and was about 20x30 feet, and located about 
one and one-half miles south of Jackson, Mo. 

This was the first permanent organization in the 
State ; and from this church directly or indirectly 
sprang all the churches that composed the first Asso- 
ciation organized west of the ** Great River.'* 

Black River Association, the fourth in Southeast 
Missouri, was organized at Greenville, Wayne County, 
Missouri, November, 1835, with six churches — 
Black River, Cherokee Bay, Bear Creek and Green- 
ville, being four of them. The membership consisted 
of about 180 names. The ministers connected with 
its organization were Elders William Mason, S. Win- 
nington and Henry McElmurry, who was chosen 
moderator, and Sam L. J. McKnight, clerk. This 
Association was located, at the time of its organiza- 
tion, in one of the largest, and, doubtless, one of the 
most'destitute fields of Southeast Missouri, extending 
from the southeast part of Madison County southward 
through Wayne, Stoddard, Dunklin, and westward 
into Butler County. 


Of the organization and establishment of the 


different churches of this Association, we have not the 
means of knowing, neither have anything but meager 
accounts of its first ministers and their works been 

Elder John W. Brown of the Black River Associa- 
tion lived in Dunklin County, in quite early times. 
He was a man of great faithfulness and deep piety. 
He died August 13th, 1868. 

Elder James H. Floyd, a native of Clark County, 
Mo., was born in 1832, and came with his father's 
family, when comparatively young, to Dunklin County. 
In 1854 he united with the Baptist Church, and in 
1854 began preaching. With the exception of one 
year in Texas, he spent the remainder of his life in 
this field. He died June 8th, 1874. 

Elder L. L. Stephens was another of this min- 
isterial band. He died in the year of 1872. Elder 
Sanders Walker was also one of the early workers 
among the Baptists in this county, and baptized 
many of the oldest citizens now living who belong to 
that faith. Elders M. V. Baird and M. G. Whitaker 
are two other ministers who should be classed among 
the pioneer workers of Black River Association in the 
county. The following appeared in 1870 in a number 
of the Tennessee Baptist edited by J. R. Graves: — 

<* Martin V. Baird was ordained a minister of the 
Gospel in the usual missionary Baptist form by Elders 
David Butler, Pasley, and L. L. Stephens on the 9th 
of January, 1870, in compliance with a request of 


Oak Grove Church, also at the same time and place 
two deacons were ordained. Brethren M. J. Whitaker 
and J. H. James. '< John Wright, 

*' Church Clerk." 

Elder M. J. Whitaker was ordained a minister of the 
Baptist Church July 12, 1874. The ministers repre- 
sented in the Black River Association in 1881, were, be- 
sides the two just above mentioned, David Lewis, J. F. 
Bibb, W. H. Dial, T. B. Turnbough, R. H. Douglass, T. 
Hogan, W. G. Henderson, L. D. Cagle, J. J. Wester, 
H. D. Carlin, J. H. D. Carlin and Elder Stringer. 
From this association as the country has settled up 
other associations have been organized, and the terri- 
tory of Black River Association diminished until it is 
now confined to the limits of Dunklin County. 

This Association held its Sixtieth Annual Meeting 
with the First Baptist Church at Halcomb, September 
13, 1895, with M. V. Baird, moderator, and S. F. 
Hale, clerk. Delegates were present representing the 
following churches: Bible Grove, Caruth, Campbell, 
Friendship, Halcomb, Holly Grove, Kennett, Maiden, 
New Hope, Octa, Oak Grove, Prairie Grove, Salem, 
Shady Grove, Varner River and Zion. 

This association owns ten church houses valued at 
about $8,000. In membership they are about 900 
strong. There are ten Sabbath Schools in the county 
under the care of the Baptists; besides, they take part 
in several of the Union schools. 

The ministers who reside in the county and belong 
to this association, nearly all of whom have the care of 




Baptist Church, Campbell. 


one or more churches, are M. V. Baird, M. J. Whit- 
aker, B. C. Bohanaii, J. M. Blaylock, L. T.Eagle, 
W. H. Dial, R. H. Douglass and R. H. Mount. Of 
these ministers Rev. M. V. Baird is the oldest in the 
ministry, and is looked upon as the best informed and 
widest read man of this denomination in the county. 
He is also a favorite with the ministers and people. 
Judge R. P. Owens was for many years clerk of Black 
River Association. Many other faithful and devoted 
ministers have served in this ministerial band, whose 
names for want of space must be omitted. 


The first Methodist Society west of the Mississippi 
was organized about three miles west of Jackson, 
some time between 1806 and 1809. Among the mem- 
bers were William Williams and wife, John Randal 
and wife, Thomas Blair, Simon and Isaiah Poe, Char- 
nal Glasscock and the Seeleys. Soon after a house of 
worship was built of large hewed poplar logs from 
two to two and one-half feet thick. This belonged 
to the Western Conference, which included all of the 
territory west of the Alleghany Mountains. Several 
circuits were established in the bounds of this Confer- 
ence, the first bein the Missouri and the Meramec. 
About 1808, Z. Macldox, a local preacher, partly organ- 
ized the Cape Girardeau Circuit. In 1810 New Madrid 
Circuit was organized by Rev. Jesse Walker. 

In May, 1816, the Missouri Conference was organ- 
ized, but not until 1820 was the Cape Girardeau 
District formed. 


As early as 1830 Uriel Haw was presiding elder 
of this district and Christian Eaker pastor of West 
Prairie, Missouri. West Prairie, Missouri, extended 
into Dunklin County, but it is not probable that any 
preaching was done within its limits for many years 
after this date. In fact, it is certain that but little 
preaching was done in the county until after the divis- 
ion of the Northern and Southern churches in 1844- 
45, when the Southern Conference was declared to 
be a distinct church under the name of *' The Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church South." The Missouri Con- 
ference met in Columbia, Mo., on September 24, 
1845; Bishop Soule presided, and made an elaborate 
address in favor of the Southern Church. A vote was 
finally taken upon the question of a union with the 
Methodist Episcopal Church South and with a few 
exceptions the members were found in favor of uniting 
with the new church. Cape Girardeau District, which 
belonged to the Missouri Conference, took in this 

In 1847, the St. Louis Conference was organized and 
a new district called Greenville District was formed 
from the western part of Cape Girardeau District. 
This county was still, however, left within the limits 
of Cape Girardeau District. 

In 1852, J. M. Kelley was presiding elder of this 
district and Grand Prairie was " to be supplied." 
Jonas Davidson is said to have organized the first 
Methodist class in the county about this year, at the 
old Gravel Hill church site. In 1853, J. H. Headlee 
was presiding elder and T. H. Smith pastor of Grand 



Prairie Circuit. It seems that Eev. Headlee was the 
first presiding elder who visited the county in that 

In 1854, J. C. Berryman was presiding elder and 
Grand Prairie was again left *' to be supplied." 

Rev. Jonas Davidson appears to have been the 
*' supply " in many instances in those early days when 
preachers were scarce, and not too willing to go into 
barren localities. Among the first preachers who 
*' rode " the Grand Prairie Circuit were Ed. H. White, 
Pickney L. Turner and S. C. Stratton. There were also 
a few local preachers. During the war, preaching 
was nearly suspended and James Copeland was the 
first circuit preacher after the hostilities ceased in 
1865. In 1873, Poplar Bluff District was formed, 
and since that time the growth of the M. E. C. S. in 
this county has been steady and marked. 

The names of the charges in this county, are Grand 
Prairie Circuit, Clarkton Circuit, Kennett Circuit, 
Kennett and Maiden Stations. 

This church has twelve church houses and one-fourth 
share in a union church in the county, and two par- 
sonages — one in Kennett and one in Nesbit. Their 
property is worth approximately $13,000. The num- 
ber of members is 1,600. 

Perhaps none of the circuit preachers of early days 
were so great favorites among the masses of the 
people in this county as was Rev. Cox, commonly 
called ** Uncle Jake." Rev. J. H. Headlee was also 
a great favorite, and worked in this county when the 
circuits were 200 miles lonof, and when the circuit 


** rider's " resting-place was usually in the saddle on 
horseback. The following is extracted from a letter 
recently received from him: — 

*«I went to Dunklin County as circuit preacher in 
the fall of 1842. My circuit embraced most all of 
Stoddard and Dunklin Counties; extending from a 
little north of where Allen ville now is to Grand 
Prairie. There were twenty-one appointments to be 
filled in three weeks, and over two hundred miles to 
travel on horseback to reach them. The population 
was so scarce that a great deal of travel was necessary 
to find many people. 

** By far the greater portion of your county was in 
a primitive condition, Clarkton and Kennett were not 
yet built and all the country between, where they now 
stand, was a wilderness. Dunklin County was included 
in the Old Cape Girardeau District. Nelson Henry 
was appointed to the district in the fall of 1871, and 
continued there four years. I think he was followed 
by J. K. Lacy, and I was made Presiding Elder there 
in 1853. My recollections of that county are that 
what few people it contained were very quiet and in- 
offensive, and very kind and hospitable to the preach- 
ers, and every one else so far as I know. I well 
remember the name of Jonas Dancer, a local preacher, 
a man of limited attainments, but strong and vigorous 
mind. He subsequently went to the border of Texas 
and was killed by the Indians. Also Dr. Thomas 
Bancroft, one of the grandest men I ever knew. He 
died many years after at New Madrid. 


*' Edwin Langdon was there then, a young man 
recently from Vermont. He was a good man and 
true. I am spending the evening of my life pleasantly 
here, waiting for the sun to go down." 

I should have said that Rev. Headlee is in the 
Methodist Home for superannuated preachers at Cale- 
donia, Missouri. The number of Sunday-schools under 
the care of this church are twelve, they having an 
enrollment of 1,000 scholars, and one hundred officers 
and teachers. Mention of the present pastors will be 
found in the Biographical Sketches. 


In 1878 the Liberty Association of General Baptists 
had become so large that it was deemed advisable to 
divide it. Accordingly seventeen churches, nine of 
which were in Stoddard County, five in Dunklin 
County, one in Butler County, and two in Clark 
County, Ark., with seven ordained ministers, and 
a membership of 887, were set off and organi'zed into 
New Liberty Association. The organization was 
effected by forming themselves into a circle, joining 
hands, typical of God's eternal love, singing and 
prayer, extending the right hand of fellowship to 
each other, and electing J. F. Patterson, moderator, 
and C. B. Hyson, clerk. The ministers at that time 
were, T. J. Davis, J. W. Bolin, R. M. Hatley, W. 
E. Bray, W. E. Almon, L. McFarlin, D. W. Farris. 

The Fifteenth Annual Session of New Liberty Asso-^ 
elation of General Baptists, met with Pleasant Grove 
Church, in Stoddard County, Missouri, on Thursday 


before the second Sunday in October, 1893. At 10 
o'clock A. M. the introductory sermon was preached 
by Elder T. J. Davis, followed by Elder J. W. Bolin. 
Three new church organizations, under the names of 
Beech Grove, near Kennett; Maiden, in Maiden, and 
Poplar Grove, were at this meeting, added to the 
association from Dunklin County. 

The associations met with Beech well Church, five 
miles west of Maiden, on Thursday before the second 
Sunday in October, 1894. They have in this county 
the following organizations: Bethany, Friendship, 
Beechwell, Mount GileadjLone Oak, Free Union, Pleas- 
ant Valley, Maiden, Campbell, Liberty, Cold Water, 
Salem and Beech Grove, with a membership of about 
800. They own about eight church buildings in the 
county, representing an approximate value of $6,000. 
This church takes part in several of the union Sabbath 
schools in the county and has about four in its own 
churches with an enrollment of 200 scholars and twenty 
officers and teachers. Beechwell Church was the 
first General Baptist Church in the county which lived 
any considerable length of time. It was organized by 
Kev. Elonzo Fowler in September, 1869, with 
twenty members. Its membership now reaches about 
275. Rev. T. J. Davis was pastor of this church about 
twenty years. Rev. Davis has been one of the lead- 
ing lights of this church for years and still resides in 

Of the other old ministers we have no means of 
obtaining accurate information. Rev. L. McFarlin, 
recentlv deceased, was one of the best loved ministers 


in the county among his own denomination, and uni- 
versally respected by all who knew him. He came to 
this county in 1872. Other ministers of this denom- 
ination in the county are: H. H. Noble, W. E. Bray 
and R. M. Hatley. 


One of the oldest churches in the county is the 
Cumberland Presbyterian Church at Clarkton. They 
commenced to build their first house in 1853, and 
finished it in 1855. It was constructed of hewed logs 
and was two stories in height, the second story being 
used for a Masonic hall. There were several glass win- 
dows above and below in the house. The lumber for 
the doors, flooring and finishing was all sawed by hand 
with a rip saw, and the work mostly done by Billy O. 
Davidson. The seats were long benches of a better 
grade than the ordinary church seat of pioneer days. 
When J. H. McKnight was pastor in 1868 this church 
was 175 strong. Their present church building was 
erected in 1883 at a cost of $1,600. Rev. T. S. 
Love preached for this church during the war, and it 
was here, while the congregation was worshiping 
on a Sunday, in the time of hostilities, that 
a band of guerrilhis surrounded the house and calmly 
told the worshipers that they did not wish to disturb 
them but would like to chano^e clothes with the s^entle- 
men.. The men were called out, the doors closed on 
the women and the desired change soon effected. 
One young man, who seemed to be more thoughtful than 
the rest, saved his boots by slyly poking them in the 


Stove, in which, fortunately, there was no fire, before 
leaving the room. The rest of the men were left 
barefo^'ot, their only consolation being a choice of the 
very dilapidated footwear discarded by the guerrillas. 
As the men had little show for resistance with their 
women and children with them, they mildly acquiesced 
in the arrangement and after the " boys " left, laugh- 
ingly sang a hymn and then went home. Many of 
the old citizens yet living well remember this incident. 
Maj. W. C. Rayburn was for many years prominent 
among the leaders of this church. We regret that a 
list of the original' members cannot be obtained. 

Canaan Church at Gibson was organized in 1862, and 
is another old and well-known church. E. J. Stock- 
ton was its first pastor. Among its elders have been 
M. J. Benson, W. R. Weathers, John C. Agnew and 
S. T. Weathers. They have 110 members, a good 
Sunday-school of eighty-five scholars with five officers 
and teachers. This denomination has an organization 
at Kennett which has bought a lot on which they ex- 
pect to build a house of worship. Mrs. Melinda 
Hogue in her will set apart certain property for the 
puqoose of building a Cumberland Presbyterian Church 
at Halcomb. The members of this denomination at 
Halcomb think they will get about $1,000 from this 
source, and will build a house of worship as soon as 


Their church property is perhaps worth $4,000, and 
have a total membership of 210. The following are 
ministers who have pastorated the churches of this de- 
nomination in this county :— Elder Robert Jones, F. 


Keller, D. A. Knox, Roberts, J. D. C. Cobb, C. M. 
Eaton and W. W. Spence. Rev. Grable is at present 
pastor of Canaan Church. A union Sunday-school is 
carried on in the Cumberland Presbyterian Church at 


"At a regular fall meeting of the Presbytery of 
Potosi (U. S.), commencing its session at Irondale, 
Washington County, Mo., on the 3d of October, 1872, 
a committee consisting of Rev. W. B. Y. Wilkie and 
W. McCarty and Elder W. A. Pouder was appointed 
to visit Clarkton, Dunklin County, Mo., and should 
the way be clear, organize a church in connection with 
said Presbytery. 

'* In accordance with this action the committee, on 
the 30th of November, 1872, after divine service, pro- 
ceeded to enroll the names of the following persons 
(constituting the original members of an organization 
to be known as the Old School Presbyterian Church of 
Clarkton, Mo.), viz.: Mr. Z. B. Penney, Dr. V. H. 
Harrison, Judge John H. Stokes, Mr. Charles E. 
Stokes, Clement McDaniel, Mrs. E. B. Austin and 
Mrs. Lucretia Stokes. Of these. Dr. V. H. Harrison, 
Messrs. Charles E. Stokes and Clement McDaniel were 
received on profession of their faith in Christ, the 
others by letters of dismission from other churches. 

*' At the same time Mr. Z. B. Penney and Dr. V. 
H. Harrison were elected to serve as ruling Elders, 
and on the 1st of December, 1872, after sermon, were 
regularly ordained to office. Rev. W. B. Y. Wilkie 


proposing the constitutional questions, offering the 
ordaining prayer and delivering the charge to the 
Elders, and W. McCarty delivering the charge to the 

'* Committee: 

" W. B. Y. WiLKIE, 

** William McCarty." * 

The Old School Presbyterians have a church at 
Maiden and one in Kennett. The church at Kennett 
was organized in June, 1887, by Kev. J. W. Rose- 
borough, Synodical Evangelist, and W. Beale, pastor, 
of the churches of New Madrid and Clarkton. 
Through the influence of Rev. W. Beale a house of 
worship was erected during that year, which was 
the second church house of this denomination in 
the county, and the first one of any kind erected in 
Kennett. This church denomination owns some of 
the nicest church edifices in the county, being worth 
about $4,500. They have three Sabbath-schools with 
about 175 s-cholars enrolled and about ten oflScers 
and teachers. The Sunday-school at Kennett, under 
the care of this church, is said to have failed to meet 
at the regular hour, 3 o'clock p. m., less than a half 
dozen times since its organization in 1887. Rev. 
William McCarty was the first Presbyterian preacher 
at Clarkton, and in the county. Beside those ministers 
already mentioned J. E. L. Winecoif , Robert Morrison 
and L. F. Linn, and several others, have from time to 

* Taken from an old church book in possession of Z. B. Penney. 


time preached for the congregations of Old School 
Presbyterians in this county. 

The Old School Presbyterian Church of colored 
people at Chirkton was organized with ten members 
on September 29, 1890. They are now about twenty- 


five strong, have a pastor most of the time and a 
very good Sunday-school. 


The first Christian Church was organized in this 
county at Maiden in 1885, by Rev. John Sewell, from 
near Pophir Bluff, and Rev. Martin. The organiza- 


tion, as first effected, had twenty-two members. 
Prominent among these first members was Dr. F. M. 
Wilkins and wife, R. C. Vincent and wife, and other 
leading citizens of Maiden. The church grew rapidly 
until it numbered about the greatest in the town. 

In eJune, 1889, a Christian Church was organized at 
Kennett by Elder S. M. Martin, with 168 members. 
This congregation now has one of the prettiest church 
buildings in the county, of which its members are 
justly proud. Besides the two just mentioned above 


they have organizations at the following places: 
Campbell, Halcomb, Bethel Church, Bark Camp, Lulu 
Church, and Bible Grove. They own four houses of 
worship and one-fourth in a union house, which they 
value at $5,900. Their houses are among the neatest 
and best churches in the county. They have a mem- 
bership in the county of 550, and four Sunday-schools 
with an enrollment of 200 scholars, and about ten 
officers and teachers. 

In 1876, a Christian minister held a series of meet- 
ings in Kennett, but nothing definite can be learned of 
the organization. But little can be learned of the 
ministers of this denomination who first visited this 
county, although there have been quite a number 
from time to time. Elder H. C. West of Kennett 
(recently deceased) has for several years looked after 
and preached to most of the Christian churches in the 
southern part of this county. He was not considered 
a brilliant talker, but was earnest, zealous and uni- 
versally respected. Other elders in the county are K. 
H. Stanley, Maiden; and M. Marcum, Wrightville. 


St. Patrick Catholic Church was dedicated by 
Father Furlong, July 15, 1894. This church is situ- 
ated in the town of Maiden, and is a neat little house 
of worship worth about $1,000. It is the only Catho- 
lic Church in the county, and as the Catholics who 
reside in the county do not, perhaps, exceed fifty in 
number, they are pardonably proud of their first home 
within its borders. Among its first members were 


Mrs. Crawsbaw, Mr. and Mrs. Albert Davis, Mr. and 
Mrs. Thomas Casey, Mrs. Keene and Mr. and Mrs. Joe 
Arnes of Kennett. Father Furlong, who resides at 
New Madrid, administers to their spiritual needs on 
the fourth Sabbath of each month. 



This section is unsurpassed in its agricultural 
resources; all the products of the field, dairy, 
orchard, garden and vineyard, may be produced 
from our soil with ease. This is the banner county 
of the State for cotton, and is a very large corn 

The character of the soil is of such a nature that it 
is susceptible of the highest state of cultivation and 
productiveness. It yields promptly and bountifully 
to every intelligent touch of labor. Its resources 
only need development to make it one of the richest 
counties in the State. 

The timbers of Dunklin County are abundant, the 
county being literally covered with a very fine grade 
of timber where the land is not in cultivation, and 
consists of sycamore, sweet, black and tupelo-gum, 
cypress, white, burr, cow and black-oak, locust, red- 
elm, hickory, ash, cotton-wood, maple and some 
beech, walnut and poplar. There are also mulberry 


and many other less valuable timbers in large quan- 

This county sent to the World's Columbian Exposi- 
tion an ash block two feet long, five feet, eight inches 
in diameter, which not only excelled any ash on ex- 
hibition from any State in the Union, but also from 
any other country in the world. There was also a 
walnut block three feet, eight inches, and a hickory 
block three feet, nine inches in diameter. The only 
specimens of iron wood from this State were sent 
from Dunklin County. Cork wood, which is found to 
be plentiful in this county and not found elsewhere in 
the State, made a very valuable acquisition to the 

The products of our fields sent were a cucumber 
weighing forty-six pounds, and very fine samples of 
pumpkins, sweet and Irish potatoes, corn and the finest 
cotton of any county in Missouri. It may be stated 
here that this county produces annually more cotton 
than the entire remainder of the State of Missouri. 

Nearly all kinds of fruit, tame and wild grasses, 
yonkepins, mosses, etc., went along with the exhibit, 
and showed Dunklin County's resources and products 
to be equal to, and in some instances better, than any 
county in a State made up of good counties. 

There are about 317 ,24:2-fi^^y acres of land in this 

From personal knowledge and from such informa- 
tion as can be gained from the Map of Topographical 
Survey of the Swamp Lands in Southeast Missouri, 
made under the direction of N. C. Frissell, chief 



eogineer, by J. R. Van Frank, assistant engineer, the 
writer judges the following to be a very close estimate 
of the lands now in cultivation in the county. 


In Township 16, R. 9 3,000 

16, R. 8 2,000 

16, R. 7 1,000 

17, R. 9 9,000 

17, R. 8 4,200 

17, R. 7 500 

18, R. 9 7,700 

18, R. 8 1,500 

19, R. 10 3,000 

19, R. 9 3,500 

20, R. 10 5,190 

20, R. 9 1,000 

21, R. 10 11,140 

'' 21, R. 9 ... . 5,130 

21, R. 8 900 

22, R. 10 10,400 

22, R. 9 6,940 

22, R. 8 480 

23, R. 10 3,940 

23, R. 9 1,920 

23, R, 8 200 

Total acres 82,640 

Of the remaining 234,602-^^0% acres there are probably 
at least 100,000 acres that might be practically put in 
cultivation. There are approximately 100,000 acres 

k i 


within the limits of the county which are subject to 
overflow in spring, and this includes some of the lands 
in cultivation. Thirty-five thousand acres of this 
overflow lands lie west of Little River, and the 
remaining 65,000 acres in the swamp of that river. 

Taking the estimate of high land, which is and might 
easily be put in cultivation, at 182,640 acres, then 
there is left 134,602-3^0% acres of swamp lands in 
Dunklin County, that may not be cultivated now. 
Still it is reasonably certain that the levee along the 
Mississippi River will protect Dunklin County from 
the periodical overflows, and give it a much larger 
tillable area. On this swamp land the timbers are 
abundant and valuable. 

The value of lands in this county varies from $3.00 
to $25.00 per acre. The timbered land is worth from 
$3.00 to $7.00, and the improved land from $15.00 to 
$25.00 per acre, according to the amount of improve- 
ments, proximity to towns, etc. 

Certainly there is land in our county that cannot be 
bought for $50.00 an acre, simply because its owners 
do not wish to sell at any price, knowing that their 
land is every year increasing in value, and that it pro- 
duces more than plenty of lands in other places which 
have been bragged up and sold for $75.00 to $100.00 
per acre. 

That the lands in Dunklin County may be made to 
produce good crops with less labor than almost any 
other place is a fact worthy of note. Where, as in 
many places, farmers are obliged to use from two 
to four horses to break their land, the Dunklin 


County farmer uses only one and two horses 
for the same purpose. It is a rare thing for one to 
see a farmer plowing four horses in this county. This 
is ovvins: to the fact that the soil does not bake and 
get hard, but is easily penetrated by the plow and 
turns readily. Where the stumps are off the cultivator 
may be used with the greatest advantage. 

Our lands produce, on an average, from thirty to 
fifty bushels of corn per acre; from 800 to 2,000 
pounds of cotton per acre. This year, 1895, the 
acreage of cotton is about a three-fifth crop, but having 
better cotton than usual brings the crop up to about a 
three-fourth crop. Wheat average twelve bushels per 
acre on the sand and along on Halcomb; this wheat 
averages fifty -nine pounds per measured bushel. 

Wheat ofrovvn on the clay land of the ridge and on 
clovered land averages twenty-five bushels per acre, 
and in weight averages sixty-one pounds per measured 
bushel. This is on the crop of 1894, in this county. 

J. I. Caneer of Horse Island states that off of fif- 
teen acres of clover he gathered four to seven bushels of 
clover seed per acre, which brought him $4.00 to 
$5.00 per bushel. Sold $50.00 worth of hay and put 
up 47,000 pounds of hay in the bale. He says further 
that the pasture was worth $50.00 to him, he having 
kept about thirteen head of horses and twenty-five of 
cattle on it for six weeks. These facts show that our 
land will not only produce good corn and cotton but 
good wheat and clover when properly and intelligently 

Now that we have a good, flourishing mill, the 



farmers of Dunklin County should certainly study the 
above statistics and give more attention to wheat and 
clover. To give here a list of our exports will show 
our principal products perhaps better than any other 

For 1892 our exports were as follows: — 

Cattle, heads. . . . 



per head 


Hogs, heads 



per head 


Mixed stock cars. 



per car.. 


Wheat, bushels.. . 



per bu.. 


Corn, bushels. . . . 



per bu.. 


Mixed grain cars.. 



l)er car. 


Flour, barrels.. . . 



per bbl. 


Cotton, bales .... 



per bale 


Cotton seed, cars. 



per car. 


Lumber, cars. . . . 



per car. 


Staves, cars 



per car. 


Watermelons, cars 



per car. 


Bacon, pounds... . 



per lb. . 


Fish, pounds. . . . 



per lb. . 


Poultry, pounds. . 




Eggs, dozens 



per doz. 


Peaches, baskets.. 




Other shipments. 



per car.. 



5,085 in 

The census reports of 

1890 g« 

Lve us li 

population, which 


make us 

J receive 

on our 

exports in 1893, $65.44 per capita. 


The water of Dunklin County is pure and healthful, 
and there is no such thing as a scarcity at any time of 
the year, unless it might be up on the ridge where the 
people use a few cisterns. But there are good springs, 
from which clear branches trickle down through the 
valleys during all times of the year, affording plenty 
of water for people and stock. There are also a num- 
ber of sulphur springs on the ridge, which, if opened 
up and properly cared for, would no doubt be equal 
in healthfulness and medical properties to many of 
the so-called great springs. All over the remainder 
of the county the ** driven well," or Pitcher Pump with 
galvanized iron pipes, is in use. One of these pumps 
may be driven to the depth of twenty feet, and made 
ready to send forth a bountiful supply of pure, clear 
water in two hours' time. The water is strained through 
fine gauze at the lower end, and there is no possibility 
of anything impure getting into the water, as it is 
pumped fresh from the interior of the earth just as 
you want it, and that too, with ease ; any child six years 
of age can pump the water for the family. There is 
no such thing as drinking musty water full of 
** wiggle tails " in Dunklin County. 


Since the doing away of the dug well, caused by the 
introduction into the county of the iron pump, the 
health rate has increased a hundred per cent. 

Malarial diseases, such as chills and fever, are far 
less prevalent. Malarial fever, which usually runs 
about two or three weeks, is the most serious malarial 


trouble we have. This disease is not dangerous unless 
it runs into typhoid fever, which it does not one time 
in a thousand. A prominent and popular physician 
says he has not seen but two cases of typhoid fever 
during his residence of eight years in the county. 
Many other prominent physicians say they have 
never treated a single case of this disease in the 
county. Diphtheria is also nearly unknown here. 
There has perhaps not been exceeding three dozen 
cases of this disease within its limits, since the settle- 
ment of the county. Scarlet fever is another much 
dreaded disease that is seldom seen here. When you 
realize that our children are free from diphtheria and 
scarlet fever you can readily understand how it is 
that the death rate is lower, instead of higher, as 
many uninformed people imagine, than it is in many 
so-called healthy localities. 

It has been estimated that one death out of every 
seven in the United States of America is caused by 
consumption, and as yet it has laid its terrible grasp 
on very few citizens of this county. It ma}^ be con- 
fidently stated that two-thirds of the deaths caused by 
this disease occur among the late emigration and not 
among the early settlers, showing decisively that the 
disease is not contracted here, but brought from other 

Indeed, it is a matter of remark that diseases of the 
throat and lungs are so seldom seen and so mild as 
compared to other localities. A person with an ordi- 
dinarily good constitution may have pneumonia or 
*' winter fever" for two or three consecutive winters 


and yet be a fairly strong person, living for years 

As to epidemics of various other diseases they do 
not occur here as often as in many localities which 
are termed healthy. I believe these facts will be sub- 
stantiated by any well informed physician in the 

It is not the purpose of this writer to pretend that 
this locality is exempt from all diseases, for it is not, 
but to show that, while we have malaria here, we are 
exempt, or nearly so, from many dread diseases that 
are prevalent in other localities. The malarial season 
in Dunklin County is from the middle of July to the 
middle of October; this is presumably caused by the 
decaying of the rank vegetation grown in the spring 
and early summer. During dry seasons malarial dis- 
eases are much less prevalent than during wet ones. 

At the present time malarial diseases are not so 
prevalent as formerly, occasioned from the fact that 
as the timber is cut out and the land allowed to dry, it 
is put in cultivation ; thus the causes of malaria cease 
to be so numerous. 

After all that has been said about the unhealthful- 
ness of Dunklin County, our people have better health 
during the winter, and as good, taking the year 
around, and can show a lower death rate than many 
counties in the various States of our great Republic, 
which are considered healthy. It is an erroneous idea 
that people can not live long here. Our list of old citi- 
zens disproves this. Among the biographies of Dun- 
klin County people, will be found the names of plenty 


of citizens, yet hale and hearty, who have lived in thib 
county from forty to sixty-five years. 


The climate is mild, the thermometer seldom falling 
much below zero. The winters, though variable, are 
short and mild, and while the summers are warm they 
are not excessively oppressive. Februar}^ April, 
May, June, October, November and December are 
usually exceedingly pleasant months. 

It is hard to say which of the two seasons, spring 
or fall, is the most pleasant, or at which time one 
sees Dunklin County at its best. 



The first County Court was organized in the spring 
of 1845, and was held about 140 rods from the site 
of the present courthouse. 

The first Circuit Court met in 1846. The place of 
its sitting was under a large oak tree and a small hut 
made of round poles. It stood near one corner of the 
court square and was about 10x12 feet. This small 
hut was scarcely high enough for the honorable judge, 
lawyers and jurors to stand in, and was floored and 
lined with a coarse cotton domestic by these same dig- 
nitaries after they assembled. 


A. D. Bridges and Holtzhouser were two of the 
jurors who helped to hiy the ** puncheon floor." 
Maj. H. H. Bedford was one of the lawyers in at- 
tendance and assisted to line the wall to protect the 
lawyers' papers from the wind which whistled through 
the openings between the poles or logs. Puncheons 
or slabs with peg legs were the only seats except a few 
chairs borrowed from one of the citizens. 

Among the lawyers who attended these first courts, 
besides Samuel A. Hill, the district attorney, were 
Col. Soloman G. Kitchens (deceased) and Maj. H. H. 
Bedford of Bloomfield. It may be stated incidentally 
that Maj. Bedford has never failed to attend but one 
regular term of Circuit Court, and but two call terms 
since the organization of the county, sitting in our 
courts, from the first one that met in the little pole 
house down to the last session in 1895, which sat 
in a $15,000 brick courthouse. 

The first courthouse built in the county was erected 
on the public square in 1847. It was forty feet 
square, one and a half stories high, and composed of 
hewn gum logs from twelve to eighteen inches broad. 

One large door in the center of the south side had a 
window on each side of it. The seats were two rows 
of long benches arranged so that the aisle ran through 
the center of the room to the judge's stand on the 
north side ; back of the stand was another window. 
The lower room was the court room, which was also 
used for church and other public meetings. The 
stairway leading to the jurors' and officials' rooms on 
the second floor was on the outside. The windows, 



both upstairs and down, were of the 8x10 inch, twelve 
pane size ; these and the '* upstairs " gave the court- 
house what was considered in those pioneer days quite 

Tatum Block, Kennett. 

a grand appearance — and it was a good building for 
so new a country, for it must be remembered that 
there was not a saw mill within a radius of a hun- 


dred miles, and railroads were thirty years in the 

All the lumber used for flooring and finishing was 
sawed by hand with a rip saw. Hiram Langdon, 
father of Judi^e E. J. Lansfdon, was the contractor 
and chief workman on this first courthouse. It was 
destroyed by fire during the war. 

A large frame building was commenced in 1870, 
and completed in 1872. It had been occupied but a 
short time when it was also burned to the ground on 
April 9, 1872. From that time until 1892, the county 
had no courthouse, but held its courts in an old 
frame building on what is known as the Tatum block. 
In 1892, the present courthouse was erected. A log 
jail was built at about the same time as the first court- 
house. It was a square structure with a stairway on 
the outside, leading up to the door in the gable end. 
On entering you stood on a log floor, in the center of 
which was a trap-door ; from here ran another stair- 
way to the floor of the prison room below ; small 
square holes in the wall, made safe by iron bars, 
aftbrded light and ventilation. 

This building was subsequently replaced by a second 
of the same character, and in 1882 the present jail, 
with Pauly Bros, cells, was erected. 

The amount of crime committed in this county has 
not been greater than that of other counties of 
Southeast Missouri, and yet there have been some 
crimes committed here the remembrance of which 
causes deep regret to every good citizen. The fail- 
ure in the administration of justice by the court in a 


few cases, made our people indignant and led to the 
administration of Lynch law, by which three persons 
met their deaths. 

In September, 1874, George Koons was taken from 
the jail and hung for the murder of Barton Reynolds. 
Koons was a worthless character and had killed Rey- 
nolds while lying in a drunken stupor in front of 
Shelton's store in Kennett. About six months later 
a stranger was hung on the charge of horse-stealing, 
and on September 10, 1886, Bowman Paxton was taken 
from the sheriff, while on his way with him from 
Kennett to Maiden, about three miles south of the 
former place, and hanged to a tree by the road side. 
For a trivial offense he had shot and killed John Mc- 
Gilvery, a blacksmith of Maiden. 

Several other murders have occurred in the county, 
and the perpetrators of some of them have gone with- 
out punishment. These facts have caused us to re- 
ceive considerable censure, and not altogether un- 

But it is a fact that is well known that our officials 
and citizens have for a number of years done all in 
their power to enforce the laws and punish criminals, 
and it is safe to say that no county in Southeast 
Missouri has, for the past decade, had less crime com- 
mitted or had better enforced laws than has Dunklin. 
As the records of this county were entirely destroyed 
by fire in 1872, it has been impossible to ascertain 
much concerning the actions of the courts prior to that 

The Charles P. Chouteau land case has been one of 


the most notable cases in the history of the county. 
A history of the case cannot be given here, but it may 
be stated that it started from the fact that *< on the 
18th day of December, 1855, the District County 
Court of -Dunklin County made an order of record 
appointing and directing George W. Mott as commis- 
sioner of Dunklin County to subscribe for the said 
county to $100,000 of the stock of the Cairo & 
Fulton B-ailroad Company of Missouri, to be paid for 
by conveyance of 100,000 acres of low swamps or 
overflowed lands within the limits of the aforesaid 
county." The county in the case against Charles P. 
Chouteau — he having bought the claims of the Cairo 
& Fulton Kailroad Company — claimed that no petition 
of a majority of the legal voters of Dunklin County 
had been presented to the District Court as the law 
required in such cases, and that the order was there- 
fore, ** without warrant or authority in law, and was 
null and void." 

The lands were for years a matter of controversy, 
being claimed by both Charles P. Chouteau and the 
county. The county from time to time sold portions 
of this land to citizens of the county, making war- 
ranty deeds for same. 

An agreement was finally made as follows : ** Where- 
as, there being a large portion of the lands of this 
county claimed by Charles P. Chouteau, esquire, of 
the city of St. Louis, and the same lands are claimed 
by Dunklin County, and the county having made 
patents to some of the lands, and it appearing to the 
court, that it would be to the best interest of the 


county to compromise the dispute as to the ownership 
of said lands ; it is therefore agreed by the court that 
if said Charles P. Chouteau will make a quit-claim, 
deed to parties who have purchased or hold under 
persons who have purchased any of said lands known 
as the Cairo and Fulton Railroad lands, and hold 
patents therefor, the court will have executed in due 
form of law a conveyance of all of said lands not 
heretofore sold, and release from any lien for taxes 
which may have accrued on said land up to the present 

A deed to this effect was made and signed by 
Charles P. Chouteau and E. J. Langdon, Presiding 
Justice of the County Court of Dunklin County, on 
Jan. 1, 1884. This land was afterwards brought into 
dispute again, and suit brought by the county against 
Mr. Chouteau to gain possession of these lands and 
to have set asix3e *' and to have decreed to be null and 
void, certain patents, commissioners' deeds and orders 
of compromise," made and ordered to be made by the 
County Court concerning these lands. 

The action was begun in the Circuit Court of 
Dunklin County, Missouri, and was sent by change of 
venue to the Circuit Court of Madison County, where 
it was tried, the court giving evidence to the effect 
that the actions of the court of 1884, commissioners' 
deeds, etc., were good, and relinquished the county's 
right to such land as was claimed by Charles P. Chou- 
teau except such as had been sold by the county and 
quit-claimed by said Charles P. Chouteau. 

A new trial was afterward brought in the Supreme 



Court of the State of Missouri, which court sustained 
the decision of the Circuit Court of Madison County. 

Thus settling the controversy. 

The list of officials following— back of 1882 — 
has been gathered with much difficulty from old citi- 
zens and more especially from Judge T. E. Baldwin 
and W. G. Bragg, of Kennett, and also from Maj. H. 
H. Bedford, of Bloomfield, and is as correct and 
complete a record as it seems possible to obtain 


John D. Cook of Jackson, was presiding judge of 
the Tenth Judicial Circuit when Dunklin County was 
organized in 1845. He retired from the bench in 
1849. The next judge was Harrison Hough of Mis- 
sissippi County, who presided until the Fifteenth Judi- 
cial Circuit was organized. 

The first judge of the Fifteenth Circuit was Albert 
Jackson of Jackson, who was made judge in 1854. 
He filled the office until the suspension of the courts 
in 1862. John W. Emerson of Iron County was 
appointed judge in 1863, but resigned in 1864, and 
James H. Vail, also of Iron County, was appointed as 
his successor. Judge Vail was a Republican and was 
not popular and there was considerable trouble about 
his holding the office. 

Upon the formation of the Twenty-third Circuit, 
Ira E. Leonard was appointed to hold the courts 
until the next regular election, when Reuben P. Owen 
of Stoddard County was elected. He was a very 


popular judge and remained upon the bench until 
1885, when he resigned. 

In 1886, John G. Wear of Poplar Bluff was chosen 
to succeed Judge Owens. He has been re-elected at 
each succeeding election and is now the presiding 


The representatives in the State Legislature from 
Dunklin County have been as follows: H. D. Flowers 
in 1846, Russell Horner in 1848, John Huston in 
1850, C. T. Jones in 1852, T. J. Mott in 1854, C. T. 
Jones in 1856, James McCuUough in 1858, H. A. 
Applegate immediately after the war, or the adjourned 
session of 1865, also in 1866-68; John Lowery in 
1870, T. B. Turnbough in 1872, J. H. Barrett in 
1874-76, Jesse Long in 1878. He died shortly after 
his election. W. H. Helm was chosen to fill the 
unexpired term. W. M. Harkey in 1880, John P. 
Taylor in 1882, J. T. Wilson in 1884, T. R. R. Ely 
in 1886, F. Joe Rice in 1888, C. P. Hawkins in 
1890-92, D. C. Pollock, 1894. 

County and Circuit Clerks and Recorders. — John 
S. Huston, 1846; B. C. Henslee, 1850-54; John W. 
Marsh, 1858-60; Leonard T. Bragg, 1864; W. G. 
Bragg, Sr., 1866-68 ; R. R. Roberts, 1870-74; T. E. 
Baldwin, 1878. 

In the year 1882 the offices were divided, making 
a separate office of county clerk, but still leaving the 
offices of circuit clerk and recorder combined. Circuit 
clerk and recorder, W. G. Bragg, Jr., 1882-86; and 


J. B. Blakemore was appointed to fill the unexpired 
term of Mr. Bragg, and was also elected to that 
office in 1890-94. 


The first man elected to the office of county 
clerk after the offices were divided was C. R. 
Mills in 1882. On the death of Mr. Mills, not 
long after his election to office, D. B. Pankey was 
appointed to fill the unexpired term, and elected in 
1886. Virgil McKay, 1890-1894. 


The first sheriff and collector is said to have been 
John H. Dougherty; Louis Holcomb in 1848-50; 
William Kimbrow, 1854; Lee J. Taylor, 1856-58; Elan 
G. Rathburn, 1866-68; James H. Barrett, 1870-72 ; 
W. P. Nichols, 1874-76; More M. Rayburn, 1878-80; 
I. F. Donalson, 1882-84 ; J. R. Allgood, 1886-88 ; Col- 
lin Morgan, 1890-92; W. G. Petty, 1894. 

The offices of sheriff and collector were held jointly 
until 1886, when they were divided, and James H. 
Owen was the first collector, being elected to that office 
in both 1886 and 1888. Mr. Owen died shortly after 
his last election and D. Y. Pankey was appointed to 
fill his unexpired term. T. J. Douglas was collector 
in 1890-92 and F. Joe Rice, 1894. 


Samuel A. Hill of Cape Girardeau City was the 
District Prosecuting- Attorney in 1846. Maj. H. H. 


Bedford of Bloomfield held that office from 1846 to 
1860. Then Henry Porter served in that capacity for 
a short time, when David G. Hicks of Bloomfield was 
elected and served until the change of the law 
made it necessary to have county instead of district 

The county attorneys have been: J. M. Fisher, John 
P. Taylor, elected in 1876-78 and 1880. T. R. R. Ely 
in 1882-84; C. P. Hawkins, 1886-88; R. M. Finney 
in 1890-92, and C. P. Hawkins in 1894. 


An old man by the name of Price was the first treas 
urer; Campbell Wright an4 Louis Chandler were also 
treasurers before the Civil War. Next after the war 
G. T. Sloan and Daniel Brewer, also W. F. Shelton, 
Sr., served as treasurer for a period of eight years. 
N. F. Kelley was elected in 1882, T. E. Baldwin, 1884; 
F. Joe Rice, 1886 ; J. W. Sexton in 1888 ; R. A. Laden 
in 1890-92, and J. F. Smyth in 1894. 


This county was assessed from Stoddard County 
for several years. The first assessors after the war 
were J. Q. A. Keck in 1866-68; John W. Black, 
1870; G. T. Smith, 1872; Gilbert L. Derryberry, 
1874; James M. Douglass, 1876-78; W. J. Davis, 
1880-82; G. T. Smith, 1884; Virgil McKay, 1886- 
88; B. F. Crenshaw, 1890; T. R. Neel, 1892; Louis 
Ham, 1894. 


Have been John H. Stokes, Given Owen, 1876-78- 
80; T. E. Baldwin, 1882-84; C. O. Hoffman from 
1886 to 1894, or to the present time. Jonas Eaker was 
judge of a District County Court, having probate 
jurisdiction in 1855, and it was by the order of this 
judge that George Mott was appointed agent for and 
on behalf of Dunklin County to make deed or deeds 
for 100,000 acres of low or swamp lands to the Cairo 
and Fulton R. R. Co. 


The first court was composed of Edward Spencer, 
Howard Moore and Anderson Thompson in 1845-46. 
Next was Edward Spencer, Moses Farrar and Billy 
Johnson in 1850. Moses Farrar, Edward Spencer and 
Given Owen in 1854. Given Owen, S. P. Eldridge, 
Moses Farrar in 1858. 

After the Civil War the first court was held by Elgin 
C. White, Jacob Snider and W. W. Shelton, in 1866. 
W. W. Shelton, A. L. Johnson and Wm. M. Harkey, 
in 1870. Harkey resigned and the unexpired term 
was filled by John H. Bird. Then A. L. Johnson, W. 
W. Shelton and John H. Bird, in 1872. A. L. John- 
son, W. W. Shelton and R. L. Hodge, in 1874. J. 
B. Hogue, R. L. Hodges and John T. Johnson, in 
1876. Given Owen, Charley Stevens and E. J. Lang- 
don, 1878. E. J. Langdon, Given Owen and J. M. 
W^altrip in 1880. E. J. Langdon, J. W. Black and J. 
M. Waltrip in 1882. J. M. Douglass, N. J. McBride 


and J. H. Owen in 1884. J. M. Waltrip, J. W. Baker 
and J. M. Douglass in 1886. J. M. Waltrip, W. R. 
Dalton and O. L. Thurmond in 1888. W. H. Shel- 
ton, J. P. Craig and S. F. Hale in 1890. W. H. 
Shelton, J. A. Hogue and W. J. Davis in 1892. W. 
C. Whiteaker, Thomas Waltrip and J. H. Harkey in 

Dunklin County lawyers make up a large and able 
bar, composed of the following attorneys: Hon. T. 
R. R. Ely, Hon. C. P. Hawkins, who have both rep- 
resented this county in the State Legislature, also R. 
M. Finey and J. P. Tribbe, all of Kennett. D. R. 
Cox, W. S. C. Walker, Charles Vancleve, J. L. 
Downing and R. H. Stanley, Jr., of Maiden ; Dunklin 
County nlso claims H. N. Phillips, who is perhaps our 
best orator. 


District Officers . 

Congressman of the 14lh District, N. A. Moseley, 
Dexter, Mo. 

Senator 23d District, B. F. Walker, Dexter, Mo. 

Circuit Judge 22d Circuit, John G. Wear, Poplar 
Blutf, Mo. 

County Officers. 

Representative D. C. Pollock. 

Circuit elk. and recorder J. B. Blakemore. 

County clerk Virgil McKay. 

Collector F. Joe Rice. 

Coroner A. Harrison. 


Sheriff W. G. Petty. 

Prosecuting Atty. » . C. P. Hawins. 

Treasurer J. F. Smyth. 

Assessor Lewis Ham. 

Probate Judge C. O. Hoffman. 

Pres. Judge County Clerk W. C. Whiteaker. 

Judge 1st District Thomas Waltrip. 

Judge 2d District J. H. Harkey. 

County Calendar, 

Circuit Court convenes on the 2d Monday in January 
and July. 

County Court convenes on the 1st Monday in January, 
April, July and October. 

Probate Court convenes on the 1st Mondays in 
February, May, August and November. 



Is a little post-village first established by Wm. M. 
Satterfield about 1881. Mr. Sattertield built a large 
two-story house in which he did a flourishing business 
during the remainder of his life. He operated a grist 
mill and cotton gin, built many tenant houses, and 
caused the little village to move on in a manner typi- 
cal of *' New America." Since the death pf Mr. 



Satterfield in 1890 it has seen quite a decline. Several 
business men have at different times opened stores 
here, but have remained only a short time. At present 
there are no oroods being sold here, and the post-office 
is kept at the home of Rev. R. H. Douglass. Mrs. 
Douglass is the accommodating and efficient post-mis- 
tress. Caruth is situated on the main public road 
leading south from Kennett and at a distance of eight 
miles from that city and in the very heart of *' Grand 
Prairie." It is surrounded on all sides by some of 
the finest and best improved farms in Dunklin County. 
No neighborhood in the county has prettier homes 
or more cultivated people. The neighborhood has the 
benefit of a six or eight months' school annually. The 
Baptists have a new church edifice at Caruth and carry 
on a Sunday-school. The Liberty Church of the M. 
E. C. S. is within less than a mile distant. Passing 
Caruth is a daily hack line which leaves the U. S. 
mails from both the North and South. The post-office 
was named by Mr. Satterfield in honor of an old 
friend, who was a member of the McCombs, Caruth 
& Byrns Hardware Co., of St. Louis, Missouri. 


Is situated about two miles from the St. Francois 
River, six miles north of the Arkansas and Missouri 
State line, and in section 3, township 16, range 7, on 
Buffalo Island. It is the terminus of the Paragould 
and Southeastern Railroad and its people believe it is 
destined to be the metropolis of the south end of the 


Cardwell was laid out and surveyed by Burtig 
Brothers, of Paragould, Arkansas, and named in 
honor of Mr. Frank Cardwell, cashier of the Bank of 
Paragould ; the first house was erected by Cox Bros, of 
Paragould and the second by J. R. Pool. The post- 
office was established February 16, 1895. Since that 
date the town has had a steady and rapid growth. Its 
people show their energy and thrift by their manner 
of felling the great forest trees, sawing them into 
lumber and shaping them into neat and comfortable resi- 
dent and business houses. The place which was one year 
ago the forest home of the bear, deer, coon and turkey, 
is to-day a thriving little railroad town of 150 inhabi- 
tants, having two general stores, owned respectively by 
Burtig Brothers and Lamb & Hale ; they both carry a 
full line of fresh goods, and buy cotton and other 
produce. J. W. Wetherby, J. M. Gist and J. A. 
Southers, each carry a nice selection of fresh gro- 
ceries. There are three restaurants and two saloons. 

Hotel Cardwell is a large well-built house, that 
would be a credit to any town of 1,000 inhabitants. 
Three saw-mills, one cotton gin, and grist mill, a 
livery stable and two blacksmiths, do a prosperous 
business at this new town. Daily mail is brought by 
the Paragould and Southeastern Railroad, which con- 
nects with the Cotton Belt Route at Paragould. 
The new road was completed from Paragould to 
Cardwell in February, 1895, and will now compare 
favorably with older roads in the South and West. 
The business of the road is quite heavy and increasing. 
They have a first-class depot at Cardwell and are 


fairly well prepared to accommodtite the general 
public. The train carrying passengers arrives from 
Paragould at 11 o'clock a. m. and leaves for Paragould 
at 1 o'clock p. m. A six months' school with fifty - 
three pupils enrolled under the supervision of Mr. 
Walter Cook, one of the most successful and best 
informed teachers in the county, alone speaks well 
for the enterprise of the people of Cardwell and 
vicinity. They have preaching once and twice each 
month and the M. E. C. S. has bought a lot on which 
they expect soon to build a house of worship. 

There are some good farms opened and fairly well 
improved around this new town, but there are thou- 
sands of acres of land that will produce anything 
that can be produced in this climate upon which there 
is scarcely a tree amiss. The timber is mostly large, 
plenty of it being from three to five feet in diameter, 
and in many cases worth more than is asked per acre 
for the land. 


In 1848 Buffalo Creek levee, between Cotton Plant 
and Kennett, was built by Judge E. J. Langdon and 
Billy O. Williams. W^ith the money which he received 
for this work, Judge Langdon purchased a stock of 
general merchandise and started a store near the 
present site of Cotton Plant. About 1854 he bought 
a cotton gin of a Mr. Clark. At that time it stood on 
the old Anderson Tompson place. Judge Langdon 
improved this crude gin and began to encourage the 
farmers, or perhaps hunters would be as correct a 
name, to raise cotton. He also bought the Jack Cude 



place at Cotton Plant and established his family in the 
resident houses. 

From that time Cotton Plant began to take on a 
tangible form, but at just what time it took its name 
is not certain. It was first spoken of as Cotton Plant 
by a stranger, who on coming into the county, noticed 
around it the only plants of cotton in that part of the 


The plants of this growth are very pretty and sure 
to attract the attention of any one not accustomed to 
seeing them grow, more especially when in bloom. 
The red and white blossoms are very attractive among 
their beds of dark green leaves, and in the fall season 
the balls of soft fleecy white cotton are by many con- 
sidered quite as pretty as the bloom. Anyway you 
take it the little town's namesake is worthy of atten- 
tion, and for this particular town no more appropriate 
name could have been chosen than Cotton Plant. It 
was for years the source and center of the cotton 
business in the south end of the county save what was 
raised on the west prairie around Old Cotton Hill, 
Cotton Plant had the exclusive cotton traffic of the 
county until long after the Civil War. The 
history of this post-village is the history of 
Judge Langdon's prosperity. From his modest 
beginning as half owner in a cooper's shop 
and blacksmith's, with Isiah Jones as partner, as 
contractor and builder of one of the first levees in 
the county, as founder of one of the oldest general 
stores, he became the owner of a village containing 
about one hundred inhabitants, with a school and 


church house, over which was an Odd Fellows and 
Masonic Hall; a commodious store well filled with the 
latest wares, and one of the largest landholders in 
the county. In his latter years he might have stood 
on the upper gallery of his pretty village home and 
surveyed, almost us. far as the eye could see, his 
own domains, well improved, on the east, south, or 
west. He was the first and only postmaster up to the 
time of his death ; although, ])rior to his decease, for 
several years, he did not reside at Cotton Plant in 
summer, and in fact kept his family at Arcadia, Iron 
County, Mo., most of the time, but he never ceased 
to hold his citizenship in Dunklin County and always 
came back to vote. 

He erected from time to time new cottages in Cot- 
ton Plant, but would never sell any lots. He prob- 
ably had two reasons for this; one was he did not wish 
a competitor, another was he did not want any one to 
have the right to sell any intoxicants in his little 
town, as he feared they would do if they owned prop- 
erty. He was for many years the sole merchant in 
this part of the county, and always did a prosperous 
business, selling goods at a time when they could be 
sold at a large profit, he bought, or took in on debts, 
large tracts of land, until at the time of his death, in 
1892, his estate was worth about $200,000 or $300,- 
000. At different times he had several partners in 
business, but as often something happened that caused 
him to be again alone. At one time he sold to T. R. 
Neel and C. Y. Langdon and they ran the store for a 
time, but sold back to Judoje Lanadon. 



He again sold out, this time to A. J. Lano;clon, who 
was doino: a ireneral mercantile business at Cotton 
Plant, at the time of his father's death. 

In 1894, A. J. Langdon sold to Wm. M. Gates, who 
is doing a general mercantile business in the Langdon 
old store, and has built up for himself a surprisingly 
good trade. The tirst church and Masonic hall, erected 
about 1874, was burned in 1883. Shortly after an- 
other building of similar character was erected on the 
same site. The lower story was owned and built by 
tTudge Langdon, and the upper by the I. O. O. F. and 
Masonic fraternities. 

The lower story was set apart for school and church 
services, and is yet held so by the heirs of Judge 
Langdon. A six or eight months' school is annually 
kept at Cotton Plant. 

It may be said in connection that Judge Langdon 
was very generous and furnished a home for several 
years to the circuit preachers of Grand Prairie Circuit, 
free of charge, besides giving liberally. He also 
nearly always had several widows and their children 
" under his wing," so to speak, and gave them homes 
and financial assistance. No man whom this county 
has ever known, was more universally loved and 
respected by its people than the founder of Cotton 


The *' pole road " between Weaverville and Clark- 
ton was a nice plank road at first, and was to Clarkton 
then about the same as a railroad is to a little town 
now. Bach was the name first given to this place, but 



after the plank road was built, and it began to thrive 
it was called Clarkton, in honor of Henry E. Clark, a 
contractor on the new road. Being in the midst of 
West Prairie, which was easily cleared and tilled, on 
the road from Gainsville, Ark., to Weaverville and 
New Madrid, it soon had good stores, mills, gins, etc. 

The first house erected here stood about where the 
late residence of Z. B. Penney was burned. The 
store was on the old Cottage Hotel lot, and its first 
proprietors were John M. Muse and John Timberman. 

John H. Stokes also established a store here in 
1856, which his son, Robert W. Stokes, had charge of 
until the breaking out of the Civil War. Clarkton 
was during the war the site of several skirmishes ; 
some of its stores were destroyed by fire and the plank 
road was burned. 

This was a heavy blow to the new town. For 
although the road was afterwards rebuilt, or partially 
so, with poles, it was a very rough affair ; and when 
once traveled from end to end, it was not so hard to 
understand how a certain witty traveler's imagination 
was wrought upon, until he dubbed it *' The Devil's 
Washboard." But Clarkton withstood all this, and 
after the cessation of hostilities built up again. 
Z. B. Penney, E. C. White, Oscar Summers and John 
Muse established stores, and George Rogers (later of 
St. Louis) erected a flouring mill, and several grist 
mills and cotton gins were built, papers were estab- 
lished by different newspaper men, and Clarkton 
became the metropolis of the county. It had at one 
time nearly 500 inhabitants, the best schoolhouse in 


the county, two good churches, and muny ueat resi- 
dences, and was, without doubt, one of the prettiest 
towns in this part of the State. The Cottage Hotel 
erected by Z. B. Penney was, in its day, a boon to 
travelers in these parts. 

The building of the railroad, however, from New 
Madrid to Maiden dealt Clarkton a terrible blow from 
which it has never completely recovered. Still it 
does considerable business for a country town, for its 
citizens are nearly all of old and highly respected 
families who have nice homes and are good livers. 
In fact, among the best and most influential citizens 
the county has ever had, have been those in the 
vicinity of Clarkton. At present it has two general 
stores owned respectively by M. W. Hubbard and 
Judge James M. Waltrip. A drug and grocery store 
are kept by Pack Harrison and his brother, Dr. Arthur 
Harrison. There is also a blacksmith shop, two mills 
and cotton gins. 

Some fine farms are in close proximity to Clarkton, 
those of Asa B. Douglass, the Rayburns, Wm. N. 
Gunn, Judge R. L. Hodges, — Scaggs, Martin V. 
Baird and George, W. Marshall's are the best known. 
The last named is, I believe, all things considered, the 
most desirable farm in the county. Those of T. J. 
Douglass, near Caruth, and Ben. F. Hicks, of Hal- 
comb, are, in fact, its only rivals. 


This place is situated at the terminus of the St. 
Louis, Kennett and Southern Railroad, and the Cot- 



ton Belt Route of the St. Louis Southwestern Railroad 
passes through it. Although many of its citizens are 
those who formerly lived at Old Four Mile, Campbell 

bears no resemblance to that country post-office, but 
it is a live little railroad town. 

When the town first started Maj. Rayburn laid off 


ten acres of the farm of G. M. Williams into town 
lots, and the railroad company did the same with forty 
acres. The Lasswell Brothers put up the first store, 
and E. C. Haines the first saw-mill on the site of the 
new town. But Campbell was not designed on the 
country store and saw mill style, for the citizens here- 
about intended from the first to make a good town of 
it, and they have, for it has some of the best business 
enterprises of any town in the county. The Lasswell 
Milling Co., incorporated February, 1894, with a paid- 
up stock of $30,000, is one of these enterprises. 

It has, in connection with a 30,000 feet capacity 
sawmill and planing mill with machinery of the latest 
improvement, both of which have the record of putting 
out from 75 to 100 car loads of material per month, 
a trainroad with steel track some seven miles or more 
in length, running southwest from Campbell, with 
ample equipment of rolling stock, consisting of a 
locomotive and ten train cars; besides, it owns ten 
standard gauge logging cars, which are in control of 
the St. L., K. & S. R. K., and bring timber from 
stations along this, and the Kennett and Caruthersville 
R, R., to the mills at Campbell. 

It will be seen from this that the supply of timber 
for this company is almost limitless, and it is the 
source of employment of some 150 or 175 men. 

This company about one year ago bought a tract of 
land and added it to the town plot, as the McCutchen 
Addition, and the town has within that time almost 
doubled itself in size and population ; there having 
been about thirty new buildings, erected mostly on this 



new plot, and this gives the town a very attractive ap- 
pearance from the east, south and west. The officials 
of the company are J, F, Lasswell, President, W. D. 

Lasswell, Vice-president and GenerarManager, and 
J. P. Lasswell, Secretary and Treasurer. 

The ** Campbell Roller Mills " fill 

a long-felt want 


of this county, and gives Campbell another paying 
enterprise. It is new, having done its first work on 
the fall crop of 1895, but it makes four grades of good 
flour. The building is four stories, and the machinery 
of the very best, having a capacity of fifty barrels per 

For convenience of shipping, the company have 
built a 600-foot railroad switch. The officers are 
numbered among the best citizens of the county, being 
J. Q. A. Gardiner, President; W. D. Lasswell, Vice- 
president; Louis McCutcben, Secretary and Treasurer, 
and W. E. Hopper, General Manager. Besides this, 
Campbell has a cotton gin, woodwork and blacksmith 
shop, four hotels and a number of staple and fancy 
groceries and general stores. 

A large amount of produce is shipped from this 
place, as the farming community is a good one. This 
is also a fine fruit growing locality, being at the foot 
of Crawley's Ridge in this county, and the people are 
quiteproudof the ** Pollock & Stanley Nursery." It is 
only about eight years old, but its business is annually 
increasing and the fruits, shrubs, etc., worked are of 
the best standard kinds. 

As the people are progressive and up-with-the-times 
folk, they are, of course, proud of their good school 
building, and cheerfully support an eight months 
term, which is this year under the management of 
E. E. McCullough, and Miss Katie Lawson. 

The Campbell Baptist Church on Riffle avenue and 
Main street, the M. E. C. S. on Martin avenue and 
Oak street, and the Christian Church on Martin 


avenue and Pine street, are all neat churches and 
speak well for a town of 600 inhabitants. 

This is one of the oldest settled communities in the 
county, and many of the citizens of Campbell have 
been residents here between forty and fifty years. 
Among the oldest are A. D. Bridges, of the firm of 
Bridges & Son, who located here in 1844. Mrs. 
Owen, widow of Dr. Given Owen, who also came to 
the county in 1844; Dr. Bray, who has been here since 
1850; and old ** Uncle " Billy Gear, who has been here 
*' about as long as any one ; " and J. Q. A. Gardiner, 
who has been a citizen of Dunklin County since 1869. 
A number of others might be mentioned but this is 
enough to prove that Campbell is a fairly healthy 
locality, for these old people are all hale and strong 
considering their age. 


This is a little station on the railroad between 
Campbell and Kennett. It has a saw mill, cotton gin 
and grist mill, owned by J. G. Dover & Son, and a 
grocery store, by J. A. Northern ton, and a good 
church and schoolhouse. Among the old fami- 
lies around Gibson, nearly all of whom have good 
farms, are the Northerntons, Weathers, Bensons, 
Davidsons, Taylors, Barnes, Moores, Ozbirns, Sanders 
and Browns. 


This is a town on the St. Louis, Kennett & Southern 
Railroad. It was quite a thriving village before the 


railroad came through; many say it was a more 
thriving town then than now. Owing to a dispute 
which arose between the people of the town and the 
railroad company, the depot was, first built about a 
mile below town, and the station called Pine City in 
honor of the Lone Pine near by. However, a satis- 
factory settlement was at length made, a depot erected 
at Halcomb, and the station at Pine City discontinued. 
The town has several stores, the oldest general mer- 
chant beinoj Judo^e John A. Hoojue. Dr. I. W. 
Powell has a very nice drug store here, and is one of 
the leading physicians ; the others are Drs. G. W. 
Quinn, W. G. Hughes and E. T. Applegate. 

Halcomb has a good school building and supports a 
good school eight months in the year, and two 
churches. Baptist and Methodist. A legacy was set 
apart by Mrs. Hogue to build a Presbyterian church on 
that church lot in Halcomb, so that it will soon have 
three churches. The largest Union Sunday-school in 
the county is carried on in the Methodist church at this 
place under the supervision of Dr. E. T. Applegate and 
Rev. Owen by. 

Halcomb has been a o^reat lumber center, but the 
saw-mill business is not so brisk as a few years ago. 
Considerable farm produce is shipped from this place ; 
melons and strawberries are two of the most prom- 
inent products, and these cannot be excelled for either 
quality or size, and are generally ripe more than a week 
earlier than in the surrounding counties. Almost 
anything can be successfully raised around Halcomb 
that can be grown in this climate, and its agricultural 


resources only need development, for no better soil 
can be found anywhere. Wheat, oats, clover, corn, 
grasses, melon, small fruit, poultry and eggs, are 
raised plentifully here. 

Not only the town of Halcomb, but all of Halcomb 
Island, has improved very rapidly in the last few 
years. There was not a brick chimney nor a glass 
window in the neipjhborhood fifteen vears ag-o. Then 
one could not see over a quarter of a mile in any 
direction on account of the heavy timber, and deer 
roamed the woods in the neighborhood even in the 
daytime. Now one might stand on a house-top in 
Halcomb and see farms for a distance of five miles, or 
as far as the eye can see. Seven churches and six 
schools with 600 scholars enrolled are within the 
bounds of the little island. 

Col. H. A. Ai)piegate's, the Messrs. Blakemore's, 
John P. Taylor's [deceased] and Ben F. Hicks' are 
noted farms. Mr. Hicks' is said to be the most con- 
veniently arranged and best fenced farm in the 


W. H. Horner came to Dunklin County in 1832, 
and located on the bank of Little River, entering from 
the Government, at the old land office in Jackson, 
Mo., the east fractional half of section 8, township 16, 
range 9, east, and built a large log house — which is 
yet standing and owned by VVm. Herman — by the 
side of a mound where he would have dry land in time 
of an *' overflow," and there opened up a small farm. 


Believing he was near the head of navigation on a good 
trading point, he concluded to lay off a town. 

In 1842, he laid out the town of Hornersville, con- 
taining all of fractional southeast quarter of section 8, 
township 16, range 9. Commencing at his own dwell- 
ing place, which is situated on lot one, block one, he 
laid off the plot along the river bank. The town site 
is one of the most beautiful in the county ; command- 
ing a splendid view of the open river, it is higher than 
the surrounding country and is well drained by Little 
River, which at this point, more especially in spring, 
is exceedingly pretty. 

The first merchant in the town was Jesse Storv, who 
in later years lived at Weaverville, New Madrid 
County. Jeff. Molt and Horner and Satterfield were 
other early business men. Wagster and Douglass, 
dealers in tobacco, cigars, fine wines, liquors, etc., 
was i)lainly discernible on some of the door posts of 
an old house a few years ago. Joel Chandler was 
another early resident and merchant of Hornersville. 
in its early days " Hornerstown " was a brisk trading 
point; the hunters and Indians bringing their furs to 
the merchants and buying of them their traps, tents, 
ammunition, guns, etc. 

By 1861 it had become a considerable town, had a 
schoolhouse, church and Masonic hall. It was, how- 
ever, nearly destroyed by the war, and for several 
years after made very slow progress, having not 
more than one or two small merchandise houses and 
a grocery or saloon or two. W. F. Shellon kept 
a saloon in a little house which had no door 


shutter. A box, or some similar contrivance, was 
placed across the door at night to keep the 
cattle out. The counter was a dry goods box; the 
stock on hand consisted of a barrel of liquor and a 
tin cup. The cup was filled and passed around to the 

Other business men here about this time were 
Edwards and McCrackin, H. G. Pasley, Henry 
Stewart, and later Harkey and Schultz. They com- 
menced business about 1870, and were very successful, 
soon ranking among the best business men in the county. 

Hornersville has at present two general stores, a 
grocery store, grist mill, two sawmills, and a drug 
store. The leading merchant is Dr. John L. Mathews, 
who is one of the best posted men in financial and 
mercantile matters in Southeast Missouri. Dr. 
Mathews keeps one of the best stocked general stores 
south of Kennett, and Pope and McKay are enlarging 
their business with encouraging prospects. 

Hornersville is one of the best trading points in the 
south end of the county, and its merchants sell thou- 
sands of dollars' worth of goods every year. 

Some of the lands around this town are subject to 
overflow in spring, none in the county, however, excel 
it in fertility. These high waters do not come every 
spring. The waters have not been high enough to 
inconvenience Hornersville and vicinity since 1886. 

It is a reasonably healthy locality, and thus need 
only two practicing y)hysicians — Drs. E. T. Anderson 
and Floyd Kinsolving. A daily hack from Kennett 
brings the U. S. mails. Tom Kinsolving is postmaster. 


Mrs. Samuel Edmonston and Mrs. W. N. Cole^accom- 
modate the traveling public, and their guests fre- 
quently dine on wild goose, duck, turkey, venison 
steak, frog legs and fresh fish, as this is one of the 
greatest hunting and fishing centers in the county. 
The history of Hornersville would fill a good-sized 
volume in itself, and can only be touched lightly here. 
At first it was only a peaceful little hamlet where the 
steamboats and keelboats from Memphis landed to 
exchange their wares for produce, game and furs. 

In those days the fur buyers were ordinary person- 
ages, and in spring laid their sacks of gold in the 
tents of the hunters as though they were so many 
sacks of salt. A thief was considered the meanest 
and most insignificant of all creatures and hence the 
gold was never touched. Fighting and brawling 
among the neighbors was unheard of, and preaching 
at people's houses, singing meetings, corn huskings, 
old fashioned quiltings and log rollings were frequent 
occurrences. But all this soon changed, as this place 
was found to be a good-hiding place for desperadoes, 
it being impossible to trace them through the dismal 
swamps of Little Kiver. 

John A. Murrell's gang made Hornersville one of 
their meeting-places, and as the citizens were too scarce 
to put them down, they had things about their own 
way for a while. They at first palmed themselves off 
on the citizens as Masons, and when a man was per- 
suaded to take the oath, to break it meant certain 
death, thus the only thing he could do was to ** keep 
quiet," after such persuasion. 


More .will be said about this ^'" elsevvhere, 
but it may be said here that Hornersville was not their 
only place of meeting in this county, and that they 
did not commit as much crime here as in many other 
older and more thickly populated counties. However, 
there is no doubt but the influence of this "s^anor" 
was very demoralizing and that they sowed the seeds 
of future depravity. 

Soon after the suppression of this gang the Civil 
War broke out, and as Hornersville was about the 
largest town in the county it was the common stopping- 
place of the "Yanks," the *' Secessionists " and 
*' Guerrillas," when they were in the county. 
During these hostilities the town hall was burned and 
the town nearly demolished. It was several years 
after the war before order was even partially restored, 
and many so inclined had ample opportunities to 
cultivate their evil propensities. But be it said in 
behalf of Hornersville, that although there has been 
a number of murders committed here, there 
has not been more than in other towns of 
its age, and the many stories of its *' desperate " 
men, have either been exaggerated or made out- 
right. There has never been a time in the history 
of Hornersville when a man who acted the gen- 
tleman was not treated as such, unless, perchance, 
he fell in the hands of the Murrell gano:. Homers- 
ville was never incorporated, and it must be confessed 
that the associations of the saloon of former years 
gave some cause for the stories told of its morals. 
But it has had no saloon for several vears : its ** blind 


tiger" and '* dejicl full," days are past, and the peo- 
ple in that locality say it will never have another 
saloon, at least, until it is incorporated. The ladies 
of that vicinity are setting a high standard of morals 
for ihe sterner sex, and it seems almost needless to 
say that the standard is fast being reached. The 
ladies declare they will never again suffer anything to 
be said ao^ainst the morals of their husbands and 
brothers, for with a few exceptions, they are as 
gallant, moral and law-abiding as any men in 

Hornersville has a ofood church buildino^ nearinorcom- 
pletion, and in it a Sunday-school, weekly prayer 
meetings, and weekly singing are carried on for the 
edification of its people. The people of this vicinity 
are of the *' big-hearted " kind, and if you have occa- 
sion to visit Hornersville, you will be met with old 
fashioned Southern hospitality. 

The people of this vicinity expect the Paragould and 
Southeastern Railroad to strike this town. Believing 
it will come east near the line of the old wagon road 
known as the '* Bear Road," pass through Lulu and 
Hornersville on its route southeast to Osceola, Ark., 
and Memphis, Tenn. Should this be the case, Horners- 
ville has everything to make it the best town between 
Kennett in this county and Osceola, Ark. 


Dunklin County's capital is centrally situated, one 
mile east of Varney's river, and is about 270 feet above 
the mean tidal wave of the Gulf of Mexico, where the 



high or overflow waters never touch it. From the 
clock tower of the county courthouse one may view 
many miles of as beautiful and prosperous a county as 
there is in Southeast Missouri. Kennett is considered 
the oldest town in the county, and yet Hornersville 
was laid off in town lots before the former town. But 



Residence of R. H. Jones. 

Kennett was an Indian village long before this county 
was settled by the whites; and as the Indians thought 
it a desirable centralizing point, as also did the early 
settlers, they located and built little log cabins near 
its present site, until the pioneers dignified it by call- 

ing it a town. 

The Indian chief Chilletacaux, must be given the 
honor of building the first log hut and, in a way, of 


starting the town of Kennett. He was a progressive 
Indian and aspired to live in a house instead of a wig- 
wam. So, according to his progressive views, he 
built a two roomed log, or pole cabin, planted some 
peach and apple trees around it and believed himself to 
be quite up with the times. In his kitchen he built a 
mortar with attachments for the purpose of pounding 
his Indian corn into meal for breadstuff. The chief's 
claim eventually was bought by Howard Moore, who 
turned the corn mortar into a coffee mortar, and 
erected near by one of the first grist mills of the county. 
*« Uncle " Dave Moore, who was the second white child 
born in the county, can yet describe all of those early 
improvements, and remembers how the little place was 
first called Chilletacaux, in honor of the Indian chief 
and his claim. 

In 1845, when Dunklin County was organized and 
Chilletacaux was chosen as the seat of its government 
the lawyers, who looked after its legal affairs, soon 
arrived at the conclusion that Chilletacaux was too 
long and hard a name for a county seat. They made 
their opinion known to the county's representative in 
the Leofislature and asked him to effect a change of 
name. He complied, and had the town called Butler. 
But this name proved unsatisfactory also, as the mails 
for Butler town and Butler County were continually 
getting mixed and causing delays and annoyance. 
Again the representative was appealed to, with the 
result that Kennett was chosen as a name for Dunklin 
County's seat of government. The pioneers built a 
little pole hut to be used for school and church ser- 



vices, and this served as a place of shelter, when shel- 
ter was necessary, for the first court officials after the 
organization of the county until the citizens had time 
to erect a courthouse. This they did in 1847. The 
building was of logs, but was substantial and suffi- 
ciently large, and served its purpose admirably until it 
was destroyed by fire during the war. 

The history of the several courthouses of this 
county has been given elsewhere, and it is sufficient 
to say here that the present courthouse, erected on the 
public square, in 181)2, is one of the finest in this part 
of the State, and of which not only Kennett but the 
entire county is proud, 

Kennett's first store was opened by Elbert C. Spil- 
ler, who was for a time in partnership with James 
Cude ; they continued in business for several years, 
and were finally succeeded by A. M. Davis, and J. R. 
McCullough, John S. Houston, John H. Marsh, and 
Campbell Wright. Kennett grew steadily, and had 
good prospects when the war broke out. This left it, 
as it did the remainder of the country, in a very deplor- 
able condition ; business had been suspended, and a 
heap of ashes marked the remains of what had once 
been the courthouse ; in short, the town had been 
destroyed and had to be rebuilt again. 

W. F. Shelton beofan business here about the close 
of the war, commencing in a very crude little log 
cabin. His present wealth testifies to his having done 
a prosperous business; but many of its other citizens 
seem to have dropped off in a Rip Van Winkle dose, 
from which they were never fully aroused until the 


whistle of the locomotive was heard in their midst. 
This occurred about January 1, 1892. True, it had 
before this begun to cast about and put forth consid- 
erable energy, although it still enjoyed retiring at 9 
p. M., and rising at 6 a. m. 

Kennett had to this date built two good churches 
and a Methodist parsonage. It had a cotton gin and 
grist mill or two, and general stores were run respect- 
ively by T. E. Baldwin & Co., Tatum Bros., Phillips 
& Co., S. S. White & Co., W. F. Shelton, B. Weil, 
and others. A drug store had been opened by A. B. 
Mobley, and a family grocery by G. W. Huskey. The 
brick bank building on the north side of the square 
had been erected and the citizens were striving for the 
new courthouse. It was even then a thriving, if a 
modest town. At present and in the last four years 
Kennett has been on a prolonged and steady " boom." 

A *'boom" in this instance does not mean that 
Kennett has advertised and deceived unwary home- 
seekers into coming to ** the garden spot of America," 
*' a perfect paradise," etc., or described it so that 
one might expect to see the corn cobs grown around 
it set with gold dollars instead of ordinary corn, or 
the cotton bolls tilled with silver coin so that it would be 
easy to gather all one would ever need in a day. Oh, 
no, Kennett has done nothing of this kind, in fact, 
it has had less extravagant praise bestowed upon it, 
and less advertising than any town in this part of the 
State. Its people have been content to let others lind 
the many advantages they enjoyed as citizens of 
Kennett and Dunklin Co., believing that its true 



merits would gain Qiore lastins: friends than brajr^ed- 
up localities. 

Kennett makes no claims at being a "perfect 
paradise," but it is a real live American, Missourian- 
ized town. 


This may be understood as raeaning that the people 
are descendants from all nationalities, who — or their 
forefathers Ions: asro — had chosen Missouri as their 
favorite State, Dunklin as its best county, and Ken- 
nett as their choice town in their adopted country ; 
and that they have gone to work with all the energy 
and bustle — peculiar to the American — to make it 
just what they want it. 

Kennett has nearly 2,000 inhabitants, and they may 
be said to be typical Missourians as well as Americans. 
Some might term them a bit old-fashioned, perhaps, 
for althoijojh its o^entlemen have caught a whiff of the 
bicycle craze, its ladies are yet innocent of the 
bloomers and the ''wheeled horse;" and yet the 
latter understand how to arrange their hair in the latest 
style, use six yards of silk in a dress sleeve, sing, dance, 
lead a prayer-meeting, preside over a society club, 
command and retain the respect of their male com- 
panions, and rule their part of the nation, not with 
scolding or the ballot box, but with that something 
which is called " tact." In this way they appear sub- 
missive, thereby making mankind happy, but at the 
same time have their way pretty much the same as all 
other American women ; and last, but not least, they 
can teach their children, and personally keep their 
homes in the good old-fashioned way. Be this woniiui 
old-fashioned or otherwise, she is the typical woman 
of Kennett and of Dunklin County. 

The men possess a large number of the good qual- 
ities and a sprinkling of the less desirable ones peculiar 
to both sexes and all nations, and are energetic, thrifty, 


law abiding, reverential, money-making and able, 
reojardless of callino:. From the saloon man to the 
doctor of divinity they are always ready to go down 
into their pockets every time their wives tell them 
their town needs a new church, the widows and 
orphans assistance, or any other charitable deed done. 
These are the men who have given this town a four- 
years' *' boom " which has not yet reached its zenith. 



Eesidekce of T. E. King, Kennett. 

These are the kind of men you will find in Kennett and 
all over Dunklin County. They are thoroughly awake 
now and are determined to make their corner of 
"Grand old Missouri," all that any other part of it 
can be made. 


Two years ago Ken net t had a fire which almost 
swept out the south side of Main street, but the ashes 
were scarcely more than cool until brick structures as 
good as any to be found outside of a city had replaced 
those old frame buildings and the town was really the 
gainer instead of the loser thereby. It has four 
attractive churches and a $9,000 public school building. 
Over 400 scholars are enrolled and under the able 
tutorage of A. B. Sloan, as principal, and Misses 
Ida Morgan, Alma Stokes, Ada Summers and 
Lemma Timberman, assistants. The term is nine 

The business of the town is of a substantial and 
lasting kind and can only be exhausted when the 
county is depopulated. The 5th of September one of 
Kennett's cotton gins turned out the first bale of 
cotton for this year, and since that time its gins, four 
in number, have been kept busy almost day and night, 
and will continue their work for a month in the new 
year of 1896. Three steam corn shellers will prepare 
for market the surplus corn of at least the south end 
of the county. 

Tatum Bros., W. F. Shelton, Jr. & Co., Levi Mer- 
cantile Co., and B. Weil may be said to be the old 
and permanent general store companies although there 
are others who do a good business. 

To mention all of the general and fancy grocery 
companies, hardware and drug stores and other like 
enterprises would be tedious : suffice it to say that it 
has all these, with special delivery wagons, etc., fish, 
ffame and cold storage warehouses, lumber yards. 



brick yards, etc. It has a nice new opera hall and a 
number of handsome brick business houses. 


The Silver Cornet Band has fine instruments, new 
uniforms and makes fully as good music as any band 
of its age in this part of the State. 

MO. 129 

As to hotels, Kennett has three: The Commercial 
Hotel, presided over by Mrs. E. G. Slicer, who is an 
all-rouDd hotel woman; The Gatis House, which is a 
general travelers' home, and the Wyman House, which 
is the largest in towMi. 

A live growing town always has a live growing 
newspaper, and Kennett is fully up with the times in 
this line; and has in the Dunklin Democrat a most 
able champion of Dunklin County and its capital. It 
is now in its new brick office in the Tatum Block. 
Every subscriber will receive this paper every week in 
the year and always find something new in it, and this 
is much more than can be said of many county papers. 

Kennett's people believe, and rightly, that they have 
in Mr. E. P. Caruthers one of the most able editors in 
the Southeast, and are never afraid to have their 
county paper compared with any in this part of the 
State, for after a close comparison one must think just 
a little more of the Dunklin Democrat. 

The Bank of Kennett has a nice building, a time 
lock, burglar-proof safe, etc., and a capital stock of 
$25,000. January 1, 1895, it had a deposit of nearly 
$72,000. T. E. Baldwin is president, W. F. Shelton, 
vice-president, and D. B. Pankey, cashier. 

The town is in a good condition financially, it is out 
of debt and the taxes are light. All the business houses, 
churches, hotels, and the courthouse, as v/ell as the 
streets, are, without exception, lit by electricity. 

Within the last few years there have been a number 
of valuable additions to the plot of Kennett; among 
them are the Shelton, Baldwin and Bragg, and the 



railroad companies additions. The lots have been 
sold and houses erected at such a rapid rate that now 
there are comparatively few vacant lots for sale. 

Kennett never has any vacant houses; one must 
watch and wait to get a house for any purpose. 
In America one may have a fair idea of the degree of 
prosperity of a town or community by the character 
of its residences ; these speak well for Kennett. 
Many of the new residences are in architecture and 
finish unsurpassed by any to be found in a town of 
its size. Among the handsomest are those of Judge 
T. E. Baldwin, D. B. Pankey, J. F. Tatum, K. H. 
Jones, W. G. Bragg, and Mrs. Sturgis. The resi- 
dences of Drs. Finney and Harrison are exceptionally 
fine homes. 

The St. Louis, Kennett and Southern, and the 
Kennett and Caruthersville Eailroads are among the 
most potent influences of the prosperity of Kennett. 
They are doing an immense business, and in a credit- 
able manner for new roads. A. J. Keerfoot, the retir- 
ing superintendent, has proved himself a thorough 
business man of no mean ability, by his rapid manner 
of bringing these roads up to their present standard. 
Louis B. Houck is the present superintendent, and 
makes Kennett his headquarters. 

These roads belong to the Houck System, and will 
no doubt be all that as enterprising a town as Kennett 
could desire in the near future. Kennett will always 
be a good town, surrounded as it is by fine farming 
land, the most convenient shipping point for the 
south and central portions of the county; the seat 


of one of the best counties in the Slate, the resources 
of which are just being realized, — with moneyed 
men to back it, it has everything to not only make it, 
but keep it, a good town. 


Lulu post-office was established in October, 1883, 
and named by Judge E. J. Langdon, as he said **in 
honor of one of his old sweethearts, who, by the by, 
was one of the most beautiful women I ever saw." 
Mr. J. T. Karnes was the first postmaster, who, when 
the office was established, was running a small general 
dry goods store at that point. As it was too far for the 
farmers to go to either Cotton Plant, Senath or Cock- 
rum for their mail, the office was a great convenience 
to them as well as to Mr. Karnes. Lulu is now a busy 
little village 17 miles from Kennett and in a fine belt 
country. It has two general stores, a grist mill and 
cotton gin. The business is run by J. M. Karnes and 
J. M. Tucker; they buy and ship cattle, hogs, cotton, 
corn, eggs and other produce; in fact do an ** all- 
round " country merchant business, carrying a heavy 
stock and selling an immense amount of goods. They 
think theirs will be a good town when the Paragould 
and Southeastern Railroad is extended from Cardwell. 
The large and substantial farm houses and other gen- 
eral improvements tell their own story of fertile soil, 
energetic farmers and their prosperity. A good 
school six or eight months in the year, a church house 
in which two or three denominations preach, are near 
by. This is a desirable locality to buy land as it can 


be bought reasoDubly, and there can scarcely bo finer 
land in this or any other county. 


Maiden, though comparatively a new town, is the 
largest in Dunklin County. Its growth has been 
phenomenal; in fact it has had a *' boom," extending 
over fifteen consecutive years, and while there is a 
slight calm after the storm of immigration which has 
poured into it, Maiden is now, and by reason of the 
fine agricultural resources surrounding it, must con- 
tinue to be a thriving and prosperous town. Its 
beginning was similar to other railroad towns, com- 
mencing with the railroad company's supply store, 
officials' and workmen's residence, etc. 

The citizens of Old Cotton Hill and its vicinity, and 
men with money from other places, soon, however, 
congregated here and speedily made a good town of 
Maiden. In 1877 the Little River Valley and 
Arkansas Railroad was extended from New Madrid to 
Maiden, which was then the western terminus of that 
road. This road, which was under the direction of 
Maj. George B. Clark, ran its first cars into Maiden 
in February, 1878. The town was laid out by the 
railroad company in 1877, the chief engineer being 
Hon. Oscar Kochtitzky ; among his assistants were 
G. Z. Loman, F. A. Smith and Geo. W. Peck. 

Many were the comic sayings about this new road 
when first built. It was a narrow-gauge, and some 
old citizen said its trains reminded him of a small 
*' Dydapper Duck " by their downward and upward 


motions as they came into town over the cotton ridges. 
Certainly its accommodations were crude, but it was 
as good as the ordinary new road, and it was subse- 
quently made a standard gauge and merged into the 
Cotton Belt Route, and is now equal in every respect 
to the best roads in the South and West. It connects 
at Paragould, Ark., with the main line of the Iron 
Mountain, andat Jonesborough, Ark., with the Kansas 
City and the Memphis road. The Delta branch, which 
runs into Maiden from the north, connects at Delta, 
Mo., with the Behnont branch of the Iron Mountain, 
thus giving Maiden a direct line to St. Louis and all 
Northern points. 

These roads are known as the St. Louis South- 
western Railway, Cotton Belt Route, and it seems 
almost needless to say they have been among the most 
potent influences in the progress of the '* Queen City " 
of Dunklin County. 

Maiden is situated about five miles from the north 
line of this county, near the line between Dunklin 
and New Madrid counties, in a very fine agricultural 
country. It is essentially a Missouri town, and has 
one of the finest public school buildings in Southeast 
Missouri, surrounded by a splendid grove of forest 
trees. This school has a very large attendance of 
pupils, and, during this winter of 1895-96, is under 
the able management of W. C. Canterbury, principal, 
and Miss Annie Stuart, Miss Vara Waltrip, Miss 
Minnie Price, Miss Mayme Hughes and Miss Williford, 

Five church buildings is the number in this Mis- 



souri town of 2,000 inhabitants; they are owned by 
the Methodist, Baptist, Presbyterian, Christian and 
Catholics, and are all a credit to a town of its size. 


i f 

I - S^ 


Besides these it has an Opera and Music Hall, several 
handsome brick business houses, and as many sub- 


stantial and pretty residences as may be found in this 
part of the State. 

One of the largest enterprises of Maiden at present 
is the Heading or Stave Factory. The plant covers 
about ten acres of ground, is lighted by electricity 
and has a capacity of 4,000 sets per day. It gives 
employment to about 140 hands and has a pay-roll of 
$1,000 per week. During the year of 1895 this 
Heading Factory received 350 cars of rough material, 
and forwarded 1,000 cars of finished work. 

The large amount of white-oak and other valuable 
timber around Maiden is rapidly being put on the 
market, thus affording the farmers a home market 
for their surplus timber. This is certainly an enter- 
prise of which any town might be proud. This fac- 
tory runs at its full capacity day and night, and to 
fully realize its importance and magnitude one should 
see the hundreds of loads of timber on its grounds 
with more arriving daily, and the large amount put 
forward for shipment each week. 

Other enterprises of this enterprising town are: R. 
A. Behymer, manufacturer of all kinds of rough and 
dressed cypress lumber, shingles, lath, etc.; The 
Maiden Machine Works, H. H. Watson, proprietor; 
Maiden Corn Co., G. W. Peck, proprietor; and a 
Cotton Compress which turns out the latest round 
cotton bales, established by Sexton Merchandise Co. 
of Maiden, and Jerome Hill Cotton Co. of St. 
Louis, Mo. 

The principal business firms are : Levi Mercantile 
Co., T. C. Stokes & Co., Allen Store Co., Sexton 



Opera House and Music Hall, Malden. 


Merchandise Co., T. C. Bufortl & Co., Kauffmaii 
Bros., and Cox & Bohlcke, general merchants; H. 
Bohlcke Furniture Store; More Drug Co., and H. P. 
Kinsolving, drugs; M. Clem, M. Fly & Co., and 
John P. Allen, groceries. 

To mention all of the miscellaneous and smaller 
enterprises would call for more space than has been 
allotted to Maiden, and it goes without saying that 
every live Missouri town has or is fast gainiug its 
own marble works, undertakers, music emporiums, 
news stands, public libraries, real estate companies, 
saw mills, and many more miscellaneous enterprises. 
Maiden has its share of all these, and more, for besides 
being the largest watermelon' shipping town in the 
county, it is also a large shipper of corn, cotton and 
other produce, and has a number of cotton gins, steam 
corn shellers; warehouses and cold storages, for it 
ships considerable fish and game. 

Dunklin County Bank, of which H. P. Kinsolving is 
president, and W. J. Davis, cashier, is financially in 
orood condition, and has withstood the late financial 
depression of the country without inconvenience. It 
has a capital stock of $15,000 and an aggregate deposit 
of $31,584.32. 

Maiden has two good papers, the *' Dunklin County 
News," edited by C. M. Edwards, and referred to else- 
where in this volume, and the " Dunklin County Keg- 
ister," recently established by E. G. Henderson, lately 
of the *' Evening Shade," Arkansas. This paper is 
bright, newsy, and bids fair to be an honor to even as 
thrivinir and enerofetic a town as Maiden. Both of 


these papers are issued weekly and are in politics 

The Rapp House is the principal hotel and is well 
and favorably known to the traveling public. Another 



Rapp Hotel, Malden. 

is the Spooner House, which is well known and is the 
oldest hotel in town. 

Maiden is easily the metropolis of the north^end of 
this county. Kennett striving for metropolitan honors 
has stimulated Maiden to put forth every effort to 


retain the crown of honors accorded her several years 
ago as the *' Queen City " of Dunklin County. 

In the past two years she has built churches, busi- 
ness houses, handsome residences and modest cottages, 
which has attracted many strangers to her; she has 
also joined to her town-plat several handsome addi- 
tions. One of the largest and prettiest is that of 
Spoonerville, which is itself a nice little town. 

A few years ago the business of this town was of a 
somewhat different character to that of the present. 
Its first merchants, who were James Gregory, Jackson 
& Erlich, Wm. M. Harkey, Sisel & Plant, and later 
on, J. S. Levi & Co., Squires & Lasswell, Decker & 
Co., Gregory & Gardner, Davis &Co., Mr. Yearwood 
and Wm. Bridges, general merchants, and O. M. Wal- 
lace, hardware and furniture. Maiden Stove and Im- 
plement Store, and E. Mayes & Co., G. T. Vancleve 
and Dr. F. M. Wilkins, drugs, must certainly have 
reaped some of the benefits of *' red letter days " in 

A busy day meant that farmers from all over this 
county. Green and Mississippi counties of Arkansas, 
were in town wath hundreds of bales of cotton, and 
much other produce, which was practically changed 
for the wares of these merchants. It then shipped 
more produce and sold more goods than all other 
towns of the county combined. Its cotton gins, five 
or six in number, were during the cotton season kept 
busy almost day and night, and its planing mills, 
corn mills and granaries, were equally so. One of 
these planing mills was operated by H. B. Spooner, 


who, with the assistance of Wm. M. Satterfield, 
started the machinery to work in 1885. Now her 
factories, cotton compress, and other enterprises, have 
obviated the necessity of smaller affairs, and while 
she does not sway so large a scope of country, that 
immediately surrounding her is much better devel- 
oped, more thickly populated and the value of the 
timber and surrounding soil is just being appreciated. 
The farmers are turning their attention somewhat 
from cotton, and raise more corn, watermelons, 
poultry, eggs, cattle and hogs. 

The soil surrounding this town is particularly well 
adapted to the raising of small fruit and garden 
vegetables, such as tomatoes, corn, beans, cabbage, 
etc., and a cunning factory is an enterprise which it 
is anticipating, and one which could certainly get 
plenty of food from the surrounding country. 

The people of Maiden are genuine Missourians and 
Dunklinites, and are proud of the State, county and 
town to which they belong. When it is remembered 
that the first white settler of Dunklin County located 
but sixty years ago near Maiden, on what was then an 
Indian huntino^-orround, where the ax of the woodman 
had never been heard, where the buffido, elk, wild ox, 
bear, wolf and smaller animals were as plentiful as 
squirrels and rabbits to-day ; where the plow of the 
farmer had not penetrated even so much as an inch of 
soil, and that Maiden itself had not been dreamed of 
twenty years ago, it is at once understood that Maiden, 
as one of the youngest towns in one of the youngest 
counties in the *' Grand Old Iron State," deserves 


the honor to be known as the Queen City of Dunklin 
County. It would not seem too much to say that 
Maiden is one of the very best first-class cities in 
Missouri for its age. The town which reaches the 
standard of this city — builds the churches, schools, 
public halls, brick business houses, comfortable homes, 
attracts important enterprises to its limits, organizes 
banks, lays out and iu^.proves nice parks, in less than 
twenty years, as Maiden has done, and yet maintains 
a solid financial condition — must certainly be a 
** hustler," and have the livest of live American 


Nesbit is in the Harkey neighborhood and has 
grown out of a country store, cotton gin, grist 
mill, etc. , establis^hed by Mr. Harkey, commonly sj)oken 
of as ** Nug " Harkey. The young men of the 
neighborhood at first jocularly called it ** Need More," 
and by this name it was known for a few years. In 
1885 T. R. Neel opened a general store in the Harkey 
house. Mr. Harkey having discontinued his business, 
Mr. Neel established a post-office which he called in 
honor of Mr. Nisbit of the firm of McKay, Nisbit & 
Co., Evansville, Indiana. After running the business 
for a while Mr. Neel took for a partner T. J. Douglass; 
they built a large business house, and for a time did 
an immense business, but subsequently Mr. Douglass^ 
drew out of the firm and later Mr. Neel sold out to 
McKay, Nisbit & Co. J. F. Smyth managed the busi- 
ness for them for about one year and then bought 
their interest. He ran a general store until May, 1895, 


when he removed to Caruthorsville, Pemiscot County, 
Missouri. At present A. H. Short is postmaster and 
keeps a very nicely selected and fresh line of 

Judge J. H. Harkey operates at this place a grist mill 
and cotton gin and does about the best business in his 
line in that part of the county. Harkey Chapel 
church is one of the neatest in the county and the 
number of its members is large. A weekly prayer 
meeting, Epworth League, singing and Sunday- 
school are **ever green" in this neighborhood and 
the morals of its people are the best. Its young people 
are noted for their sobriety, industry and intelligence, 
and its elderly people for their commendable exem- 
plary lives. This people succeeded in getting the 
parsonage of Grand Prairie Circuit, M. E. C. S., 
located at Nesbit, and when it is completed it will be a 
pretty preacher's home. A good six or eight months 
school is usually taught in the school building one- 
half mile distant. 


The post-office of Senath was established in the 
spring of 1882 at the residence of A. W. Douglass 
and named in honor of his wife, Mrs. Senath Hale 

Eobert W. Baird was the first postmaster and served 
in that capacity for several years. In July of 1889, 
the office was moved to the pleasantly situated town 
of Senath. From this date Senath began to put on the 
tangible appearance of a village. Its location in Salem 


Township on Horse Island is u good one, being ten 
miles from Kennett, the county seat, and on high land, 
drained on one side by Honey Cypress, and on the 
other by Buffalo Creek. Fine farms surround it on 
all sides, and they are owned by an industrious and 
thrifty class of farmers. 

At present there is in Senath three general stores 
conducted respectively by Baird, Satterfield & Co., 
K. M. Bone & Co. , and J. I. Caneer. All do an exten- 
sive business furnishing the fine country around them 
with general supplies. There is one barber shop and 
J. I. Caneer accommodates the traveling public. 

Two cotton gins and grist mills and a blacksmith 
find plenty of work to keep them fairly busy. 

Dr. R. W. Baird is the oldest and leading physi- 
cian ; Dr. W. W. White also has a good practice, and 
Dr. Burks has only been in the county a short time. 
Miss Hulda Douglass is a notary public, and is the 
only woman in the county holding that office. Two 
churches, and one of the neatest little schoolhouses 
in the county, are conveniently situated. 

Usually a live Sunday-school is kept up in at least 
one of these churches. Miss Hulda Douglass is, in 
a way, a leader and chaperon for the young set and 
children; this is evidenced by their superior manners 
and morals. 

The day school at this place has turned out some of 
the brightest young people in the county, who are 
now themselves teaching. The whole district takes 
pride in the public school, and cheerfully supports an 
eight months' term. 


The principal products sold at Seaath are cotton, 
corn, cattle, hogs, poultry, eggs, butter, beeswax, 
furs, etc. 

The business men are all wide-awake, up with the 
times, and own good lands and other property, thus 
making a substantial basis for their merchandising. 
The town is making a firm and substantial growth. 


This is a post-village on Crawley's Ridge, in the 
northwest part of the county. It was established and 
named by Oxley, who came to the county in 1875 and 
made a homestead entry on his present home. He 
first established a grain store, afterward adding a 
general store. The name Valley Ridge was given to 
the post-office because of the peculiarities of the 
ridge land ; it is as rich and productive as the valley 
land and nearly every hill can be tilled. Corn, oats, 
wheat, etc., all kind of grasses are grown here, and 
the ridge cannot be excelled for fruit. 

The many " well-to-do " farmers and fine farms 
along this ridge testify to its being a most desirable 
place in which to live. The Lone Spring on Beech Hill 
in front of the Will Zebra place is perhaps the best 
known spring, but there are a number of sulphur and 
other mineral springs among these hills. There are 
some signs of lead and some claim of silver and gold 
to be found here, but these hills are for the most 
part entirely unexplored, excepting those that are in 
actual cultivation. 

W. J. Oxley & Co. run a general store. Mr. 


Oxiey, of this firm, has been postmaster ever since the 
office has been established. It has a daily mail system. 
Rush Creek schoolhouse and Bethany General 
Baptist churches are the places of worship near here. 
Among the old families along the ridge are the James 
Faughn, Higginbotham, Vincent, Dr. Jacob Snider, 
Lacy, Whitehead, J. P. Stewart, Green Tucker, Ben 
Hopkins, Harper and Gunnells. 


George W. Maharg was the founder of this post- 
village. He first opened a store near the old Pelt's 
gin; later he removed to the present site of Vincet 
and did a general merchandise business for several 
years, but finally discontinued business and went to 
Kennett, where he died a few years since. The post- 
office is now kept in the store of James Rogers. It is 
on the bank of Buffalo Creek, at the point where the 
levee crosses, leading north to Kennett, and is five 
miles south of that town. 

It has a new saw mill to cut up the cypress and 
Other heavy timber along the creek, and a cotton gin 
and grist mill. The Old Shady Grove Baptist Church 
and the new schoolhouse are within a distance of a 
half mile. Vincet is at the head of a five-mile scope 
of the richest and most productive land in the county, 
which is also high and beautiful. 


This is a station on the St. Louis, Kennett & 
Southern Railroad, and sells goods to, and handles 



the U. S. mails for, about the same farmers as did once 
the old post-office at Shumache. White Oak, like 
many of the other little places in the county, is small 
and insignificant within itself, but around it is a pros 
perous country, set with good farm-houses, neat 
churches and comfortable public school buildings. 
The people are industrious, intelligent and independ- 
ent livers, who raise something to spare every year. 
White Oak gets its share of trade and shipments. 


This is a little post-village northwest of Clarkton 
about four miles. The Wright brothers founded and 
named it, and keep the post-office in their store. 
They also run, in connection with their store, a cotton 
gin and grist mill. Near by is a blacksmith shop, 
good schoolhouse and church. Around here are many 
nice farms and old ''well-to-do" families. Amono: 
them might be mentioned Judge Baker, Whitaker, of 
the Whitaker nursery; W. H. Shelton, late judge of 
the first district. 



Dunklin County has always been largely Demo- 
cratic. Fifteen years ago there was scarcely more 
than a dozen Republican voters in the entire county. 
Since then, however, much of the emigration has been 


from the North and East, a considerable number being 
Republican in politics. At the regular November 
election in 1894, the following votes were polled at 
the various voting precincts : — 

Demo- Repub- Peoples 

crat. lican. Party. 

Liberty 41 19 

Lulu 26 6 5 

Senath 134 63 2 

Hornersville 66 8 1 

Cotton Plant 109 40 1 

Kennett 319 87 4 

Sumach 22 6 

Halcomb 153 111 36 

Clarkton 103 16 13 

Wrightsville 62 27 1 

Campbell 154 154 2 

Valley Ridge , 27 24 

Maiden 257 158 15 

Totals ■ 1,473 719 80 

Total number of votes cast being 2,272. 

This, however, must not be considered as the full 
number of legal voters in Dunklin County, as at the 
Democratic primary election of August 11, 1894, the 
vote for C. O. Hoffman, candidate for probate judge, 
with no opponent, stood — Kennett, 540; Sumach, 
51; Cotton Plant, 194; Hornersville, 160; Lulu, 41; 
Senath, 209; Liberty, 56; Halcomb, 189; Clarkton, 
153; Wrightsville, 85 ; Campbell, 168 ; Valley Ridge 
30; Maiden, 355; total, 2,232. As will be seen from 


these figures the Democratic party alone polled nearly 
as many votes in August, 1894, as did the three par- 
ties in November of the same year. The fact is that 
while the other parties turned out on the regular elec- 
tion day, a large number of Democrats remained at 

Residence of James F. Tatum. 

home. This county has, and should poll no less than 
3,000 votes in November, 1896. 

The Democratic Central Committee is composed of 
W. F. Shelton, chairman ; R. S. Chapman, Isaac 
Wise, Wm. R. Satterfield, W. Blakemore, Harrison 
Foley, F. A. Maze, L. McCutchen, and O. S. Harrison, 


The Republican Central Committee consists at pres 
sent of H. P. Kinsolving, chairman ; H. A. Gardner, 
J. W. Redding, J. C. D. Towsen, A. Isaacs, J. P. Gist, 
H. W. Austin, J. R. Pool, and W. S. Gardner, secre- 

The Peoples Party Committee could not all be 
ascertained, but W. P. Baird is chairman, and Frank 
Moore, secretary. 


A few of the exports for 1894 were: Cattle, 837; 
hogs, 1,042; corn, bushels, 11,700; game, pounds, 
96,471, 6,075 ; eggs, dozens, 50,970; feathers, pounds, 
2,898 ; cooperage, cars, 169 ; lumber, feet, 10,395,000 ; 
horses and mules, 480; mixed stock, cars, 18; melons, 
cars, 525; fish, pounds, 792,400; tallow, pounds, 4,327 ; 
poultry, pounds, 66,978; hides, pounds, 29,909 ; logs, 
feet, 490,000 ; beeswax, pounds, 987. This, for a 
county which has been organized but fifty years, is a 
good showing; and is put below the average, as the 
average cotton crop is about 15,000 bales. Then the 
cotton seed, stave, cars, cross-ties, strawberries, of 
which one man raised about 500 crates, corn meal, 
flour barrels, and nursery stock, are not enumerated 
at all. This county has two good nursery farms. The 
Whitaker and Stanley & Pollock ; one of these billed 
for delivery in one week in 1895, 8,952 trees. 

The valuation of taxable property in Dunklin 
County is $3,000,000. The rate of taxation is eighty- 
five per cent, exclusive of the special tax of twenty 


cents voted for the purpose of building the Court 
House. The bonds issued in 1891 for this purpose 
will all be paid in 1896. It will be seen that Dunklin 
has about the lowest tax rate of any county in the 
State of Missouri. 

This favorable state of the financial affairs of the 
county is undoubtedly a great compliment to its 
officials, whose sagacity and wise use of the public 
money in the past few years has helped to bring this 

The Lone Pine Tree in Dunklin County is about 
one mile south of Halcomb. How it came here or 
what is its age is unknown. 

Pine is not a growth of this county, but there might 
have been pine here before the earthquakes of 1811- 
12. The tree looked much the same many years ago 
as now, and little is known about it, except that its 
boughs have often sheltered the noted desperado, 
John A. Murrell, and his clans. 

In 1849, '50 and '51 this tree was headquarters in 
this county of this clan. Murrell made his raids 
through this county at stated intervals, and his allies, 
some of whom were located in this county, met him 
under the Lone Pine. 

The tree was also a noted landmark of the Indians 
and early hunters in these parts. 


Hon. H. A. Applegate, born December 28, 1828, 
in Burlington, N. J. His father, Dr. H. A. Apple- 
gate, was a native of the same State and a graduate 
of Princeton College, and also took a medical course 
in Philadelphia. Dr. Applegate emigrated to Paris, 

Hon. H. a. Applegate. 

Tennessee, in 1839, having previously married Miss 
Ann M. Taylor, a descendant of Zachariah Taylor. 
Her death had also occurred in 1834. 

The son, H. A. Applegate, grew to manhood in 
Tennessee and received a good education in the common 
and high schools of that State. In 1854 he married 
Mary E. McMurray, who died in 1863, leaving one 



child, Mary E. (Mrs. Monroe Dement). In 1857 he 
came to Dunklin County, Mo., and purchased land, 
where he now resides, at Halcomb. 

In his political views he was formerly an old-line 
Whig but since the Civil War has never voted anything 
but the Democratic ticket. 

He was Representative from Dunklin County shortly 
after the war, and the cut of him in this book exactly 
portrays Dunklin County's Representative as he looked 
in 1868; the picture was made in Jefferson City in 
that year. He was again elected in 1870 and repre- 
sented this county two terms. 

During the war he w\as captain of an independent 
company for some time and was in a number of 

He was also one of the pioneer merchants of New 
Madrid, Mo., and of Hornersville, this county. Since 
his retirement from office in the seventies he has 
devoted most of his time to farminsj and stock-raisinor. 
He has one of the most beautiful homes near Hal- 
comb, surrounded by a splendid grove of forest trees. 

In 1867 Mr. Applegate took for a second companion 
Mary E. Patton, who bore him three children, 
Florence (Mrs. Alexander), and two who died in 
childhood. This wife also died in April, 1875, since 
which time his daughter and son-in-law have resided 
with him. He is about sixty-eight years of age, but 
is more vigorous than many men much younger and, 
except that his hair is somewhat gray, he looks much 
as he did when this picture was made, nearly thirty 
years ago. 



Rev. Martin V. Baird was born June 7, 1837, at 
Lebanon, Wilson County, Tennessee, and is the son 
of Thomas and Mary Martin Baird. The parents 
removed to Gibson County, Tenn., when their son, 
M. v., was about thirteen years of age; here he 
finished his growth and obtained a good education in 

Rev. Martin V. Baird and Wife. 

the common schools and in Bluff Springs Seminary at 
a time when that school was in a flourishing condition. 
He begun teaching at a very early age, and taught 
part of the year and attended school the remainder, 
continuing in this way for several years. 

In 1860 he emigrated to Dunklin County, and located 
near Clarkton, where he has since resided, with the 
exception of one year, when he went back to Ten- 
nessee aocj taught a ten months' term of school near 


Dire Station. He was offered the position as teacher 
at Rutherford the next year, but had concluded that he 
liked Dunklin County best, so he returned here. 
He was previously married, March 30, 1860, to Ollie 
B. Hopper, of Gibson County, Tennessee. To this 
union was born six children, all of whom died in 
infancy but Walter P. (also deceased) and Thomas J. 
(see sketch). 

Mrs. Baird died April 7, 1890, having been the 
wife of Rev. Baird for over thirty years; she was a 
most excellent woman and beloved by all who knew 
her, and was for many years a consistent member of 
the Baptist Church. 

June 1, 1891, Rev. Baird took for a second com- 
panion Mrs. Lilian M. Harvey, widow of Dr. Harvey 
(deceased), of Kennett, Mo. She was the daughter 
of Benjamin and Emma Iney Adams, natives of Vir- 

Lilian M. Adams was first married in her native 
State, Georgia, to Dr. Joseph W. Harvey, on February 
19, 1860, and they came to Kennett and located in 
May, 1861. Dr. Harvey was a pioneer physician of 
this county and well and favorably known. He was 
sergeant under Price in the late war, and was surren- 
dered at Pittsburg, Va. He died February 16, 1877. 
Dr. and Mrs. Harvey had eight children, three of 
whom are living, Sterling Price, Matilda G., and 

Mrs. Harvey was married also to Dr. T. J. Rhodes, 
who died in 1881. Mamie L. is the child of this mar- 
riage. On her marriage to Rev. Baird, the couple 


took up their abode at the home of Rev. Baird, near 

Considerable of the history of Eev. Baird, as minis- 
ter of the gospel, is given in the sketch on the Baptist 
churches elsewhere in this volume. Suffice it to say 
here that he is the oldest meuiber of the ** Black 
River Association," and the oldest minister in the 
county, not in years, but in point of ministerial work. 
He has at different times been pastor of all the old 
Baptist churches in the county, and he has presumably 
administered more baptisms than any other Baptist 
minister in the county. He is a man of impartial 
judgment, firm in his convictions and beliefs, yet 
withal liberal-minded. With most of the Baptist 
con o-re sat ions he is a favorite, and he is looked upon 
as the best informed and extensively read minister of 
the Baptist denomination in the county. 

Thomas J. Baird, school commissioner of Dunklin 
County, was born December 25, 1866, and is the son 
of Rev. M. V. and OUie B. Hopper-Baird (see sketch 
elsewhere). Mr. Baird is a native of Dunklin county, 
and was reared on his father's farm near Clarkton, this 
county. On August 3, 1892, he was married to Lizzie 
A. Helm, a daughter of W. H. and Hulda Mott-Helm, 
of Kennett, Mo. 

Mr. and Mrs. Baird have one little daughter, whom 
they call Kittie. 

Mr. Baird was first appointed school commissioner of 
Dunklin County by Gov. Francis, in August, 1891, 
and has since then been twice re-elected without 


announcing or making a canvass for the office. He has 
the honor of holding the first normal diploma issued 
by the State Normal School at Cape Girardeau, Mo., 
to a student from Dunklin County. He led his class 
and graduated with high honors in 1890, and has for 
three successive years conducted the County Teachers 
Institute of this county. 

T. J. Baird. 

He taught his first school, after graduation, in 
Licking, Texas County, Mo. In 1894 he filled the 
position of principal of the public school at Kennett, 
at which place he owns a nice home, where he now 

Mr. Baird is looked upon as a leader by the educa- 
tional faculty of the county, and is held in high 
regard by the teachers, as an evidence of which they 
recently chose him president of the Dunklin County 
Teachers Association. 

Mr. Baird owns a good farm near Clarkton, Mo., is 


a Democrat in politics, and is well and favorably 
known all over the county. 

Mrs. Baird was, before her marriage, also a teacher, 
and was educated in Cape Girardeau, Mo. She is a 
lady of high attainments. 

James M. Baird, son of Robert and Margaret Baird, 
was born Feb. 7th, 1853, at Potosi, Washington 
County, Mo. He came to Dunklin County in Jan., 
1878, and married Lucy Douglass, daughter of A. T. 
and Elizabeth Mott-Douglass, on June 16, 1880. 
They have two children, Hiilah C, born May 16, 1884, 
and Hettie N., born Sept. 21st, 1891. Mr. Baird is a 
bricklayer by trade, but has been merchandising at 
Senath for several years. He and J. M. Douglass 
first opened a business at Senath under the firm name 
of J. M. Baird & Co., but in eTanuary, 1894, took W. 
R. Satterfield as a partner, and changed the style of 
the firm to its present name of Baird, Satterfield & 

This firm operates a mill and cotton gin ; buys all 
kinds of farm produce, and keeps a full and complete 
line of everything usually kept in a general store. 

The post-office is kept in the store of the above 
mentioned firm, and J. M. Baird is postmaster. Mr. 
Baird is Democratic in politics and he and Mrs. Baird 
are both members of Missionary Baptist Church. 

Judge T. E. Baldwin, of the firm of T. E. Baldwin 
& Co., real estate, Kennett, Mo., was born October 
23, 1849, in Cape Girardeau, Mo. His parents, 


Thomas and Elizabeth Lobdell-Baldvvin, were natives 
respectively of Virginia and Louisiana. They were, 
however, early settlers of Scott County, Mo., where 
they were reared, educated and married. After their 
marriage they removed to Cape Girardeau, Mo., 
where they both died in the year 1859. Their son, T. 
E. Baldwin, came to Dunklin County in 1870, to take 

Judge T. E. Baldwin. 

charge of a mercantile business at Clarkton for a firm 
in Cape Girardeau. He remained here one year, and 
was then elected clerk of the Clarkton Common Pleas 
and Probate Court ; he was re-elected and held the 
oflSce until the court was abolished in 1875. In 1877, 
he was appointed to fill an unexpired term of Circuit 
and County Clerk; he was elected at the regular elec- 
tion in 1878 to the same office. In 1882 Mr. Baldwin 
was elected to the office of Probate Judge, and filled 
this position four years. In 1884 he was also elected 


County Treasurer, both terms of office expiring 
in 188G. 

Judge Baldwin was married in 1872 at Clarkton, 
this county, to Miss Mary Pankey, daughter of Col. 
D. Y. Pankey, now of Kennett. Mrs. Baldwin is a 
native of Virginia, but reared and educated in Dunklin 

The children of Judge and Mrs. Baldwin are Sallie 
(Mrs. L. P. Tatum), Edwin, Ernest, Paul, and 

Judge Baldwin has always shown great interest in 
school and church advancement in the county, and is 
exceptionally well posted in commercial and official 
affairs ; he has held many public and private trusts 
and has left a record which none can challenge. He 
is a member of the Masonic and I. O. O. F. Lodges, 
and* he and Mrs. Baldwin are both members of the 
Presbyterian Church. 

Just now Judge Baldwin is in the real estate busi- 
ness, and within the past year has added a nice addition 
to the town-plat of Kennett. 

William G. Bragg, of the firm of T. E. Baldwin & 
Co., real estate dealers, Kennett, Mo., was born Sep- 
tember 21st, 1852, in Knox County, Tennessee. He 
is the son of Capt. William G. and Frances Tully- 
Bragg, natives of Kentucky. The parents came to 
Kno°x° County about 1827, where the father engaged 
in merchandising until 1865, wdien he came to Dun 
klin County, locating at Kennett, and there died in 
1888. He was a Republican in politics, and filled the 


office of Circuit Clerk in this county just after the 
Civil War, and was also deputy for some years. W. 
G. Bragg, Jr., came with his parents to this county 
and received a common school education. He began 
clerking when quite young, and on reaching manhood 
began business under the firm title of Tatum & Bragg. 
He has since been ens^aired in the mercantile business 

W. G. Bragg. 

under different firm names. In 1878 he was elected 
to the position of Clerk and in 1882 re-elected, filling 
the position for six years. A few years ago Mr. Bragg 
went to Washington and spent about two years there, 
but returned to Dunklin County and again located in 
Kennett, where he is at present in the real estate bus- 
iness. In 1877 he was united in marriage to Kittie 
Chapman, daughter of Turner and Hulda Mott-Chap- 
man. Mr. and Mrs. Bragg are members of the 
Christian Church, and Mr. Bragg of the Masonic 


C. D. Bray, son of E. M. and N. M. Owen-Bray, 
was born January 20, 1874. Mrs. N. M. Owen-Bray 
is a daughter of Dr. Given Owen, and a native of this 
State, and now resides on the Bray ** Old Farm," 
near Campbell. Mr. E. M. Bray was a native of 
Tennessee, and came to Dunklin County in 1858, and 
married Miss N. M. Owen in 1867. 


Cyrus D. Bray. 

Their children were five in number: Rhoda T., 
Cyrus D., Mary E., Adrian O., and Elija Monro. 
Mr. Bray died in 1884, and, since his death, Cyrus D., 
the subject of this sketch, has done much toward the 
support of the family. He is assistant postmaster 
and druggist in the well-known McCutchen pharma- 
cy, and is polite, efficient and fast climbing up the 
ladder of honorable prosperity. He is Democratic in 
politics, and his parents were members of the Baptist 
Church, and his father was a Mason. Mr. Bray is the 
young man whom a couple of burglars coolly tied to 



his bedpost in the winter of 1894, while they robbed 
his pockets, the McCutchen safe, etc. He says they 
were in his room when he awoke; they gave him a 
whiff of chloroform and told him to keep quiet ; he 
complied and they were quite polite in their treatment 
of him, being careful not to wrap the cords painfully 
tight around his limbs. He soon released himself but 
the burglars had made good their escape. 

Nathaniel Baker and Joe Peltz are two of the 
pioneers of this county yet living, who have enjoyed 
many buffalo hunts and elk drives together in what 
is now Dunklin ('ounty, but which was, when they 
were lads, an exceedingly fine hunting-ground, actually 
and truly flowing with wild meat, wild fruit and wild 
honey. They lived here when swan were so plentiful 
that they would not waste ammunition killing geese, 
thinking them too small, when wild cattle, bear, wolves 
and fur-bearing creatures were as plentiful as is now 
the rabbit, squirrel and opossum. The geese, ducks, 
swan, etc., had to be watched out of the corn patches 
like swarms of blackbirds. 

'* Uncle Nathaniel," came to Dunklin County with 
his father, James Baker, in 1833. They first settled 
on Buffalo Island, and were the second family to 
locate there. They removed to Grand Prairie in 1842, 
and settled on the place where Mr. N. Baker now 
resides. He soon married a daughter of Hugh Shipley, 
and their pioneer home is yet preserved almost as 
first built. 

Mr. Baker is a Democrat in politics, and both he 


and wife are members of the Old Liberty class of M. 
E. C. S. 

Mr. Peltz came to Dunklin County a little later than 
Mr. Baker, and there were but about ten white families 
in the south end of the county when he arrived here. 
*' Uncle Joe " is yet a great hunter, a staunch Demo- 
crat, and a member of the Missionary Baptist Church. 
These pioneers have lived to see the *' Buffalo 
Wallows " and *' Elk Stamping Grounds " turned into 
cotton and cornfields; the Indian wigwams replaced 
by modern buildings; the poky old pack-horse and 
two-wheeled ox cart outstripped by the " wheeled- 
horse " and steam engine ; the old-fashioned summer 
barbecues rounded up into an annual Fair lasting sev- 
eral days. In short, what was 62 years ago, when 
they first saw it, an Indian hunting-ground, has been 
given the name of Dunklin County, and peopled by 
20,000 busy and progressive Americans. 

Kev. J. M. Blaylock was born Oct. 28, 1846, in 
North Carolina. His parents, Mariet and Martha 
Swarengin-Blaylock, were natives of North Carolina. 
They emigrated to East Tennessee on French Broad 
River in 1859, and in 1865 came to West Tennessee. 
August 12, 1866, J. M. Blaylock, who had been long 
a wanderer from his father's house, started home, and 
on arrival found that his father had died on the same 
day and about the same hour that he had started for 
home. February 5, 1867, he was married to Miss M. 
M. Rowe, a native of Tennessee. Six children have 
been born to this union, the eldest dying in infancy; 


the others are, W.M., Mettie L., Mittie Bell, John M., 
and L. C. Rev. Blaylock says he was converted on a 
Methodist camp-ground at Manley Chapel, under the 
preaching of Rev. John Peoples, in 1869, united with 
the Missionary Baptist Church at Bear Creek, Carroll 
County, Tennessee. Was ordained a deacon shortly 
after, and was ordained to the ministry by Union Hill 
Church in 1884. 

In the same year he came to Dunklin County and 
located near Valley Ridge. The first year he was 
pastor of Old Four Mile Baptist Church, doing mis- 
sionary work the third year, and before and since 
that time he has been pastor of a number of churches. 
In 1889 he removed to Caruth, this county, but now 
resides near Shady Grove, one of the churches of which 
he pastorates. He is recognized as a forcible and 
impressive speaker. 

Maj. Henry H. Bedford, attorney at law, Bloom- 
field, Mo., was born November 27, 1823, in Jackson 
County, Tenn. He is the son of J. M. and Elizabeth 
Hale-Bedford, natives of North Carolina and Ten- 
nessee respectively. The father was born in 1799. 
The son, H. H., is a citizen of Stoddard and not of 
Dunklin County, Mo., but has been identified with 
both counties for over half a century. He attended 
the first Circuit Court ever held in Dunklin County, 
and has attended every other regular term held in this 
county but three. No other personnge is so constantly 
seen in the courts of this county as Maj. H. H. Bed- 
ford. He was one of its first attorneys and came all 


the way from Bloomfield, Stoddard County, to Horners- 
ville, Dunklin County, on horseback for his first wife, 
whom he married in 1847, and who was a daughter of 
Frank Lee, one of the very earliest pioneers of this 
county. After her death he was again married in 
1852 to Mrs. Minerva Handy. The children of this 
marriage living are: Orlando, Ida V., Ethel, Arthur 
C, and May. In 1861 he enlisted in Capt. Hale's 
Company of Cavalry, and when the regiment was 
organized at Belmont he was elected major, in which 
capacity he served for about a year, when he was taken 
ill with pneumonia ; his regiment returning home he 
never again resumed command. He participated in 
several hard skirmishes during his service and bore 
himself like a brave and gallant soldier. In 1857 and 
1858 he represented Stoddard County in the Legisla- 
ture, and for fifty years has been prominently connected 
with the public affairs of that county and Dunklin. 

He is a largre landholder in both counties and knows 
as much, perhaps more, of the early history of these 
two counties than any other man living. He is a 
member of the Masonic fraternity and is held in high 
regard by legal and official circles in Dunklin County. 

D. T. Boyd, M. D., of Campbell, was born in Collin 
County, Texas, March 5, 1870. Attended school at 
McKinney, Texas, two years, and afterward at Farmer- 
ville, Texas. Taught in the public schools of that State 
for a while, but commenced the study of medicine in 
the spring of 1890. Entered the medical college at 
Nashville, Tenn., in the fall of 1890, and graduated 


from the University of Nashville and Vanderbilt Uni- 
versity in the spring of 1892. He came to Dunklin 
County in March of the same year and located at 
Campbell, and is now the leading young physician of 
that place. Married Miss Lula Taylor of Bonham, 
Texas, in August, 1893. Was made a Mason in 

Dk. D. T. Boyd. 

August, 1892, and has been a member of the Cum- 
berland Presbyterian Church since 1889. 

The parents of Dr. Boyd were M. M. and Mary J. 
Walker Boyd, both natives of Henry County, Tenn. 

T. C. BuFORD, merchant. Maiden, Missouri, was 
born in Oford, Mississippi. He is the son of H. A. 
and S. L. Gill-Buford. His father was a native of 
Murray County, Tennessee, and his mother of Rock 
Hill, South Carolina. They emigrated to Mississippi, 
and here their third son, T. C, was reared and edu- 
cated. He is well educated and follows the profession 


of bookkeeper. He came to Dunklin County in 
May, 1895, and is now the proprietor of the Buforcl 
establishment, in Maiden, on the corner of Main and 
Madison streets. He has a new and well-selected line 
of oreneral merchandise and is doing a thriving bus- 
iness. He is a young man of intelligence and noted 
for his liberality, and is always ready to help along 
any enterprise to forward the progress of his adopted 

Dunklin County will always be glad to welcome 
more such citizens. He is Democratic in politics. 



Dr. Van H. Bond. 

Van H. Bond, M. D., Ph. G., of Cotton Plant, 
was born in Shelby County, Tenn. (near Memphis), 
December 8th, 1869. His parents, R. T. and Bettie P. 
Bond, were born and educated in West Tennessee, and 
are now residing near Union City. They removed to 
Obine County in 1870, in which county Van H. Bond, 


the subject of this sketch, attended the public schools 
until November 2, 1888, when he came to Clarkton, 
Dunklin County, and commenced the study of phar- 
macy with his uncle, Dr. V. H. Harrison, afterward 
taking two courses of lectures in the National Institute 
of Pharmacy, from which he received the degree of 
Ph. G., standing first in his class. He then commenced 
the study of medicine with the same preceptors, and 
in the fall of 1890, entered the ** Missouri Medical 
College," at St. Louis, Mo., taking three regular 
courses of lectures, and receivins: the deojree of M. D., 
the 27th of March, 1893. He then returned to his 
present place of residence, where he has, by close 
attention to professional duties, not having refused to 
answer a single call for two years, built up a large and 
fairly lucrative practice. 

Key. J. L. Batten, pastor in charge of the Meth- 
odist Church, Kennett, Mo., is the son of John and 
Emily Rogers-Batten, natives of North Carolina and 
Tennessee, respectively. The elder Mr. Batten had 
delicate health and he and his wife traveled consid- 
erable, and their son, J. L., the subject of this sketch, 
was born in Pike County, Mo., November 30, 1848. 
He grew to manhood and was educated in the common 
schools of Tennessee, and was married on October 31, 
1867, to Mary J. Nicholas, a native of Hickman County, 
Kentucky. They have one child, Grace, born June 7, 
1883. On reaching years of maturity Rev. Batten 
united with the M. E. C. S., and traveled one year as 
a <* supply," when he joined the St. Louis Conference, 


October 9, 1876. Clarkton Circuit, Dunklin County, 
was the first circuit to wiiich he was sent. This 
circuit then embraced the north half of Dunklin and 
south part of Stoddard County, Mo., and had fourteen 
appointments, to which he gave one sermon each month 
and often more. He was made presiding elder of 
Poplar Bluff District in 1885. He served this district 



Rev. J. L. Batten. 

three years and Salem District two years, after which 
time he again went back to the pastorate. 

He was stationed at Maiden and Kennett in 1894, 
and at Kennett in 1895. In fact for seven years of his 
ministerial life he has been connected with the pastorate 
in this county and has been well known here for twenty 

Perhaps no minister now belonorinoj to the St. Louis 
Conference, or Poplar Bluff District, has done so 
much to advance the cause of Christianity in Dunklin 


County as has Rev. J. L. Batten. To say tbat the M. 
E. C. S. in this county recognizes hira as one of its 
most powerful and eloquent ministers, that he is 
well-beloved by its members and highly esteemed by 
all, is but voicing public sentiment. 


J. n. i>i.Aivh;iviORE. 

J. B. Blakemore, Circuit Clerk of Dunklin County, 
was born March 1, 1857. He is a native of Ten- 
nessee, and his parents, James H. and Mary E. 
Adams-Blakemore, were also natives of that State. 

The subject of this sketch married Miss Belle Val- 
entine of McKinsey, Tennessee, in November, 1882. 
She died January, 1885, leaving one son, James 
Willie. Mr. Blakemore came to Dunklin County in 
1886, and in November, 1887, married Miss Alice 
Hughes of Halcomb, this county, also a native of 
Tennessee. In 1888 he was appointed to fill an 


unexpired term as Circuit Clerk, and elected to that 
office in 18^0; and re-elected in 1894 by the largest 
majority of any candidate in the county having an 
opponent. He is Democratic in politics. 

Rev. S. C. BiFFLE, late pastor of Grand Prairie 
Circuit, M. E. C. S., in Dunklin County, was born 
December 24, 1848, in Wayne County, Tennessee. 
His parents, Johnson L. and Mary Ann Hill-Biffle, 
were born and reared in Tennessee, but removed to 
Missouri, locating in Bollinger County, when the sub- 
ject of this sketch was but eight years of ago. Here 
he grew to manhood, working on a farm and attend- 
ing the country schools a few weeks each winter. 
When a voung man he also attended the Bellview 
Collegiate Institute a part of two years, and followed 
teaching for three years. In 1866 he united with the 
M. E. C. S. and was licensed to preach by the Fourth 
Quarterly Conference of the Marble Hill Circuit in 
1873. In 1874, he was employed by D. J. Marquis, 
Presiding: Elder of the Charleston District, to take 
charge of the Gayoso Circuit, Pemiscot County, 

October 15, 1874, he was admitted on trial in the St. 
Louis Conference, M. E. C. S., and was appointed to 
the Houston Circuit. Two years later he was received 
into full connection and has tilled the following pastoral 
charges: Greenville Circuit, 1875 to 1878 ; Oak Ridge 
Circuit, 1878 to 1879 ; Poplar Bluff Circuit, 1879 to 
1880; Marquand Circuit, 1880 to 1881; Houston Cir- 
cuit, 1881 to 1883 ; Farmington Circuit, 1883 to 1887; 


Lutesville Circuit, 1887 to 1890; Doniphan Circuit, 
1890 to 1892; Grand Prairie Circuit, 1892 to 1895. 

His labors as a minister have resulted in good to a 
great many ; during his pastorate in Dunkhn County 
more than three hundred persons were added to the 
Methodist Church. He was a prominent factor in the 
successful religious movement that has been going on 
in the south end of Dunklin County for the past three 

November 3, 1874, Rev. Biffle was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Annie Allbright of Madison County, 
Mo., who has since this time shared the toils, trials 
and joys of an itinerant's life. To this union have 
been born three children, Atticus L., Mary C. and 
Sebastian C. 

Joseph I. Caneer, merchant at Senath, Missouri, 
was born February 13, 1859, in Gibson County, Ten- 
nessee. His parents, W. T. and Sarah Karns-Caneer, 
were both natives of Tennessee. Their son, Joseph 
I., grew to manhood in his native State, receiving a 
fair education in the common schools of the same. 
He came to Dunklin County and located at Senath, 
July 4, 1886, opening a general mercantile business 
in September following. He started in business alone 
and with but little means, and from this has gained 
an extensive business and trade. He keeps a well- 
chosen, new and complete line of general merchan- 
dise. July 19, 1894, he was united in marriage to 
Mrs. Willie Buie. They have one son, whom they call 
Melvin. Mr. Caneer is Republican in politics and is 
a first-class all-round business man. 



Edgar Prewitt Caruthers, editor of the '' Dun- 
klin Democrat," the leading paper of Dunklin County, 
was born in Cook Settlement, St. Francois County, 
Missouri, October 27, 1854. His father was Solomon 
D. Caruthers, for many years County Clerk and Pro- 

E. P. Caruthers, Editor Dunklin Democrat. 

bate Judge of Madison County. His mother was 
Mary Jane Harris, daughter of S. P. Harris, an early 
Southeast settler. The subject of this sketch entered 
a printing office, that of the *' Fredericktown Con- 
servative," and there commenced his trade in 1865. 
He later published the " Bee " at the same place, and 


was for a time Enrolling Clerk of the State Senate ; 
six years Clerk in the State Auditor's Office, then 
official reporter of the House, and served one year on 
the reportorial staff of the '' St. Louis Republican." 
Afterward for eiglit years he was editor and publisher 
of the ** Index," a Democratic paper at Medicine 
Lodge, Kansas; and for the next two years was in the 
book and job printing business at Carthage, Mo. 

In May 24, 1893, he came to Kennett and began 
editing the *' Dunklin Democrat," since which time 
that paper has steadily grown in favor, and now has 
the largest circulation of any paper in Southeast Mis- 
souri. Mr. Caruthers has been twice married, his 
first wife being Miss Mary Fleming of Madison County. 
She became the mother of his four living children, 
and died at Carthage, Mo., November 15, 1891. He 
was again married on January 25, 1894, to his present 
wife. Miss Minnie L. Chandler, of Kennett, Mo., a 
daughter of Thomas Chandler of this county. 

Mr. Caruthers is a member of the Masonic frater- 
nity, president of the Southeast Missouri Press As- 
sociation, a member of the State Association, and is a 
man who makes and retains many friends. 

William M. Cates, merchant at Cotton Plant, Mo., 
was born June 26, 1849, in Orange County, North 
Carolina. His parents were Nancy A, and John 
William Cates, natives of the above mentioned State. 
Mr. Cates emigrated to Tennessee and there married 
Eliza A. Short, February 26, 1870, Rev. David Hali- 
burton, a Baptist wiuister of Gibsoq County, officiate 


ing. They came to Dunklin County in 1878, going 
to Texas shortly after ; there they remained two years, 
when they returned to Dunklin County, where they 
have since remained. (See Photo., p. 195.) 

They have had born to them four children, Amanda 
Melvine, John William, Lena R., all of whom died in 
infancy; their only living child, Ella F., is a bright 
young girl of fifteen summers, well calculated to honor 
and make her parents happy in their old age. Both 
Mr. and Mrs. Cates are members of the Baptist Church 
and of the Rebekah Degree of I. O. O. F. 

Mr. Cates has devoted most of his time to farming 
and stock-raising, but went in the mercantile business 
at Cotton Plant in 1893. He is a careful and discreet 
business man and carries a full and complete line of 
general merchandise. He is a Democrat in politics. 

Riley Clarkston came to Dunklin County in 
1834, with his father, Wiley Clarkston, and this was 
the third ftimily to settle on Horse Island. When he 
came here there was nothing representing a church, 
house, school, post-office or physician in the bounds 
of the county. He was a lad nearly grown when he 
first heard a sermon preached, and the old Liberty 
church was the first one he ever visited, in the later 
forties or early fifties. He used to go to Gainesville, 
Arkansas, for a physician for the family, even in the 
night if it were necessary, crossing in a canoe himself 
but swimming his horse through St. Francois River at 
Bowlen's Ferry. He says he has helped to kill as 
many as sixteen bui^alo from one herd on Buffalo 


Island and that these husje animals were so tall that 
'* He could ride clear under a limb on which a buffalo 
would hang his hair," and that in those days he killed 
from fifty to seventy-five bear each season before 
Christmas. They baconed the bears, dried their 
venison hams, and strained their wild honey and 
always had plenty to divide liberally with a new 
neighbor. Mrs. Clarkston says she has many times 
pounded their bread and coffee in a mortar in the way 
she learned from an Indian squaw before there was 
any horse mills and when they could not afford a steel 
hand mill. Mr. and Mrs. Clarkston reside near Senath 
on Horse Island, are fairly strong and healthy for their 
age, and are true pioneers of Dunklin County. 

Wiley N. Cole, born September 22d, 1854, is a 
native of Carroll County, Tenn. His parents, John 
and Mary A. Bivins-Cole were also natives of Ten- 

W. N. Cole, the subject of this sketch, married 
Mollie Woody in 1874, who died in the same year. 
In 1875 he married Elizabeth Ballard. By this mar- 
riage he has one son, Kichard E., who is a young man 
about twenty years of age. Mr. Cole came to this 
county in 1877, and married his present wife. Miss 
Margaret Clifford, in 1878. The children of this mar- 
riage are Lula B., Hettie M., Sir Wallace, John 
Palmer and Pearl ; they also have two little boys dead. 
Farming is his principal occupation, and he owns 160 
acres of good land near Hornersville, although he 
holds the tenth edition of a master's and pilot's cer- 



tificate for a steamer of one hundred and twenty-five 
ton capacity to run on St. Francois and its tributaries. 
He has also run on the Mississippi river as clerk of 
the G. M. Sivley, a boat of about 130 tons. 

Steamboating is no doubt his best loved profession, 
and he is exceedingly well acquainted with both St. 
Francois and Little Rivers. Mr. Cole is a member of 
the I. O. O. F. and Democratic in politics. Mrs. 
Cole and daughter, Miss Lula, are members of the 
Missionary Baptist Church. 

Dr. R. G. Cook and Wife. 

Dr. Ralph Guild Cook was born August 1, 1837, 
in Cape Girardeau County, Mo., and was the son of 
Nathaniel and Mary Clark-Cook. He came to 
Dunklin County and located at Hornersville in 1865, 
but soon after removed to Cotton Plant where he spent 



the remainder of his life. He was a graduate of 
Cincinnati College of Medicine and Surgery, at Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, and was as good a physician as any in 
the county. For many years prior to his death, which 
occurred February 5, 1882, he had an extensive prac- 
tice. August 8, 1866, he married Miss M. K. Wagster, 
daughter of Critenden and Kiddy Jones- Wagster, who 
came to Dunklin County about 1850. The children 
of Dr. and Mrs. Cook are Arvellah and Amasso S., 
deceased, Thomas J., Mary Kiddy, Zellah, Mrs. John 
Night, Ralph Vaumeter and Guild Davis. Dr. Cook 
was a zealous worker in the Christian Church, of which 
he was a member, and he was equally zealous in 
advocating the teachings of Odd Fellowship, and his 
presence in the lodge room always insured an inter- 
estino^ and entertaining meetino^. 

He helped to organize the Rebekah Degree, the 
degree for ladies, of the I. O. O. F., at Cotton Plant, 
and named the lodge in honor of his daughter, Arvel- 
lah. He was as enthusiastic in the ladies', as in the 
gentleman's degrees, of sanguine temperament, and 
jolly as a boy up to the time of his death. This 
county has had few better men or citizens. Mrs. 
Cook is also a member of the Christian Church, and 
of Arvellah Lodge No. 36, Daughters of Rebekah, 
Cotton Plant, Mo. She has since the death of Dr. 
Cook resided on her home at Cotton Plant, which 
Dr. Cook left to his family. It is one of the most 
beautiful homes in the county, surrounded by a fine 
grove of forest trees. Mrs. Cook owns Old Hicka- 
bod, the famous white stork of Dunklin County. 


The bird was captured by Alf. Hector, on Big Lake, 
Arkansas, io 1861. The tip of one wing being sliot 
off, Mr. Hector gave the bird to Dr. Linamood, and 
shortly before his death. Dr. Linamood gave him to 
Dr. Cook. He is a tall white stork, and must be very 
old. Because of his age and associations, Mrs. Cook 
and family are very proud of Old Hickabod. 

John B. Cook, of the lirm of N. N. Rice & Co., 
Kennett, Mo., was born March 5, 1858, in Murray 
County, Tennessee. He is the son of Robert J. and 
Celia Beakey-Cook, natives of that State. In January, 
1860, he came to Dunklin County, and located on 
Horse Island when that island was very sparsely 

He married Lucretia, daughter of Hon. David 
Rice. She was born March 20, 1857, and is a native 
of this county. 

Mr. and Mrs. Cook have two children, Rosetta A., 
born April 17, 1876 — now the wife of Will Haislip, 


of Horse Island — and Christopher Columbus, born 
July 25, 1879. Mr. Cook has been a farmer up to 
February, 1895, when he went in business with his 
brother-in-law in the above mentioned firm. He 
owns about two hundred acres of good land near 
Senath, about ninety of which are in a good state of 
improvement, with good farm buildings, orchard, etc. 
He is a member of the Masonic fraternity, and he, 
wife, and son are members of the Missionary Baptist 
Church; his daughter having joined the M. E. C. S. 
with her husband. 

D. R. Cox, attorney at law. Maiden, Mo., was 
born in Marshall County, Tennessee, August 7, 1852. 
His father, Moses Cox, was a native of North Caro- 
lina, but emigrated to Tennessee, where he married 
Miss Sarah McWherter, a native of that State. During 
the civil war Mr. Cox, Sr., was an officer in the Con- 
federate army under Col. Lon Freeman for the entire 
period of four years. 

D. R. Cox, the subject of this sketch, came to 
Dunklin County, January 3, 1868. He was just six- 
teen years of age at that time, and the meager 
educational facilities of the county was a great dis- 
advantage, but he managed to obtain a fair common 
school education. In 1870 he was appointed Deputy 
Sheriff of this county by J. H. Barrett. Before he 
reached his majority his friends advised him to make 
the race for Constable of Cotton Hill Township, dis- 
regarding his age. He became a candidate and was 
successful. In 1874 he engaged in the mercantile 


business, but in 1876 moved to Johnson County, 
Texas. While there he worked in the oflSce 
of the Sheriff of that county, remaining until 
1880, when he returned to Dunklin County, 
and again engaged in the mercantile business, this 
time as a salesman for Levi & Plant and J. S. Levi 
& Co. of Maiden. While sellinof oroods he commenced 
the study of law, and in 1887 was admitted to the 

D. R. Cox. 

bar by Hon. John G. Wear, judge of this, the 23d 
Judicial Circuit of Missouri. Since that time he has 
enjoyed a splendid law practice and been quite suc- 
cessful. In April, 1891, Mr. Cox was elected Mayor, 
of the city of Maiden, and re-elected to the same 
office in 1893. Has been Notary Public since 1884. 
In 1874 he married Miss Fannie L. Sarver, of Clay 
County, Arkansas. To this union have been born 
Robt. A., now a young man just graduated from the 
Searcy Military College of Arkansas; Mattie M., in 
the graduating class for 1896, of the Galloway Female 


College; George Leslie, Jessie G., Ollie and Inez. 
Mrs. Cox is one of the leading members of the M. E. 
C. S. of Maiden, and the family are all of that faith. 
Mr. Cox is a member of the A. F. & A. M. and was 
Worshipful Master of the Maiden Lodge in 1884. He 
is a real Dunklin County Democrat, always support- 
ing the ticket, and is wont to say ** there is not 
a black sheep in the family '' of a large number of 
relatives on both his mother's and father's side. 
This of course means there is not a Republican in his 
family. He is, however, liberal-minded, and counts 
many Republicans among his host of friends. 

IsHAM F. DoNALSON was bom August 31, 1847, in 
Gibson County, Tennessee. He is the son of Judge 
and Judith Davis-Donalson, natives of Wilson County, 
Tennessee, but pioneers of Dunklin County, coming 
here in 1855. The father was a well-known and 
highly respected citizen and died in this county in 
1882, the mother died in 1888. I. F. Donalson grew 
to manhood in Dunklin County and received the 
principal part of his education at home and since 
coming to the years of maturity. 

Mr. Donalson has a long and praiseworthy record 
in public and official affairs in the county, and few 
men are known better or have more friends than I. F. 
Donalson of Kennett. From the beginning of Maiden 
until 1882, he was a clerk in a general store in that 
town. In November, 1882, he was elected to the 
office of Sheriff and Collector of Dunklin County ; he 
was re-elected to the same office in 1884, and perhaps 



no man ever served in such a capacity with more gen- 
eral satisfaction than did he. In April, 1885, he 
married Miss Penola Eayburn, daughter of Maj. W. 
C. Rayburn, and a native of this county, where she 
was reared and educated. From 1887 until a very 
recent date Mr. Donalson did a general mercantile 

I. F. Donalson. 

business in Kennett ; he was quite successful but owing 
to his health was obliged to retire from public affairs. 

Mrs. Donalson is a member of the Cumberland 
Presbyterian Church and Mr. Donalson is a Democrat 
in politics and a member of the I. O. O. F. 

To this union were born the following children : 
Thomas. H., Mable (deceased), Davis, Isham (a little 
girl, deceased), and Madge. 

Asa B. Douglass, surveyor of Dunklin County, was 
born July 26, 1834, in Wilson County, Tennessee, and 


is the son of Asa B. and Fannie M. (Barksdale) Doug- 
lass, natives of South Carolina and Tennessee. The 
parents removed to Missouri in 1856, and in 1863 the 
father went to Texas, where he died in 1864. The 
mother died in Dunklin County, Missouri, in 1861. 
The son, Asa B. Douglass, grew to manhood in his 
native State and received an excellent education in the 
higher English branches, mathematics and surveying, 
and has taught in the schools of Dunklin County. He 
was for some years a clerk in a dry goods store in 
Clarkton. About 1861 he purchased his present home 
near that town. June 15, 1859, he was married to 
Mary H. Marshall, daughter of Bennett and Mary 
Marshall, pioneers of this county. Mr. and Mrs. 
Douglass are the parents of the following children: 
Fannie (Westfall), Ella (Gwin;, Benjamin H., John 
A., Walter E., Rosa Lee., Kittie Pearl, Asa B., Earl 
H., Norwell A. and Harry M., also Mary D., wife of 
W. Y. Taylor, who is deceased. In 1884, Mr. Douglass 
was elected to the office of county surveyor, which 
position he is still holding. He is Democratic in pol- 
itics, is well posted in the affairs of the county and 
is by all who know him considered a most estimable 

He and Mrs. Douglass are members of the M. E. C. 
S. and their home near Clarkton is an exceptionally 
nice one, with a good residence, fine orchard, etc. 

Elizabeth Mott-Douglass was born June 12th, 
1821, in Jessamine County, Kentucky. In early 
childhood her parents, James and Hetty Mott, removed 



to Moscow, Ky., and here the subject of this sketch 
was married to Alex. T. Douglass in 1837. They 
removed to Montgomery County, Tenn., but in 1839 
returned to Kentucky. In 1850 they emigrated to 
Dunklin County, where Mr. DougUiss died May 8th, 
1876. His life in this county was one of usefulness. 

Mrs. Elizabeth (Mott) Douglass and Grandson 
R. S. Douglass. 

he was always interested in public affairs, fearless in 
advocating what he believed to be right and con- 
demning wrong. He united with the Missionary Bap- 
tist Church at Shady Grove in 1869, and was baptized by 
Elder Jas. H. Floyd. Just after the Civil War, when 
Democrats could not vote, he was appointed judge of the 
County Court of this county, but would not take the 
oath then required, and returned his commission to 
the Governor. A. T. Douo-lass was born in 1811 in 


Bedford County, Va., and at the age of 19 years came 
with his parents to Tennessee. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Douglass is about seventy-four years 
of age and has spent forty-five years of her life in this 
county. She is hale and hearty and retains all 
her faculties. She came to this county at a time 
when log cabins, with puncheon floors and cypress 
bark ceilings were in common use, but be it said that 
the hardships of pioneer life never detracted from her 
refined and progressive nature. In the early fifties 
she was baptized by one of the pioneer preachers, 
Elder Sander Walker, uniting with the Missionary 
Baptist Church, and has since been a faithful member 
of same. The honest, industrious and progressive 
lives of herself and deceased husband should be a 
precious heritage to their descendants. "Grandma 
Douglass," as she is affectionately called, is the oldest 
living member of one of the oldest, most intelligent and 
progressive families of Dunklin County, consisting of 
herself, seven children, twenty-four grandchildren and 
three great grandchildren. Her children are, respect- 
ively. Rev. Robt. H., Hettie F. (Mrs. Satterfield), 
Judge James M., All W., Jennie (Mrs. Lawson), 
Huldah and Lucy (Mrs. J. M. Baird). 

Miss Hulda has never married and resides with her 
mother at Sennath, Mo. She is notary public, assist- 
ant postmistress and an acknowledged leader in 
Sunday-school, church and social functions in her 
neighborhood. She was educated in the schools of 
this county and the normal school at Cape Girardeau, 
Mo. Perhaps she has done as much as any other 


woman in this county to make her own little corner 
of the great world wiser, better and happier. 

R. S. Douglass was born in Dunklin County, Mo., 
November 12, 1871, and is the son of Rev. R. H. and 
Mary E. Douglass, natives of Tennessee and Indiana re- 
spectively. R. S. Douglass' education was begun in the 
public schools of the county. In 1893 he graduated from 
the State Normal School at Cape Girardeau, Mo. He 
led his class, thereby proving that Dunklin County's 
young people are not to be left behind. Since his 
graduation Mr. Douglass has been almost constantly 
employed in some capacity as teacher. Two years he 
has been assistant in the *' Teachers' Institute" of this 
county and is now vice-president of the Teachers' 
Association. He is one of the many young teachers 
who have been born and reared in Dunklin County, of 
whom it is especially proud. In 1895 he was united 
in marriage with Ottilie Josephine Gase, a native of 
New Haven, Franklin County, Missouri. Mr. and 
Mrs. R. S. Douglass are members of the Missionary 
Baptist Church, and he is a Democrat in politics. 

Rev. RoBT. H. Douglass was born in Montgomery 
County, Tenn., February 7, 1839. He is the son of 
A. T. and Elizabeth Mott-Douglass, and was but ten 
years of age when became with his parents to Dunklin 
County, Mo., since which time he Jias spent most of 
his life in this county. He received only a common 
school education and is mainly self-educated. He is 
a deep thinker and a close student even yet. In 


1858 he married Miss Rebecca J. Wagster, a native of 
Tennessee. To this marriage was born three children, 
Thomas J., of Caruth, this county, and two others who 
died in infancy. In 1861 he enlisted in the Second Mis- 
souri Cavalry (Confederate States army), under Col. 
Robt. McCullough, until the close of the war. 

After his term expired he, however, re-enlisted in the 
Second Missouri Cavalry in Col. Kitchen's regiment 
and participated in a number of engagements, the 
most important being Corinth and Price's Raid 
through Missouri and Arkansas. 

In August, 1866, he married his present wife, Mrs. 
Mary E. Richerson, who was the daughter of 
Rudolphus Lamb, one of the early settlers of New 
Madrid County. 

The children of this marriage were Robert S. and 
Mary E. The latter, known as Miss Mamie, died Sep- 
tember 7, 1894, at the home of her parents at Caruth. 
She was very lovable, an earnest scholar and one of 
this county's most promising young teachers. 

Rev. Douglass has been principally engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits, until since his ordination as a minis- 
ter of the Missionary Baptist Church, in September, 
1881, since which time he has devoted much time to 
the ministry. He is the most constant and powerful 
advocate of Baptist doctrines in the county and is 
looked upon by all, even those who differ with him in 
opinions, as a forcible and eloquent speaker and a 
gentleman worthy of high regard. 

He is a Royal Arch Mason and has passed through 
the chairs of the various oflSces of that fraternity and 


is well known all over Dunklin County, having resided 
near his present place of residence nearly all the time 
since his parents located there in 1850. 

Mrs. Douglass is a member of the Baptist Church 
and has been for two years postmistress at Caruth. 
She is a lady of much culture and refinement. 

Judge James M. Douglass, of the firm of Baird, 
Satterfield & Co., Senath, Missouri, was born October 
27, 1847, in Fulton County, Kentucky. He is the son 
of A. T. and Elizabeth Douglass and was but three 
years of age when he came to Dunklin County. In 
spite of the fact that his early educational advantages 
were limited to the common schools, he was for a time 
a successful teacher and has an extensive record in 
public life. In 1877 he was elected to fill an unex- 
pired term as assessor of this county and re-elected 
by a large majority to the same office. In 1884 he 
was elected judge of his district and unanimously re- 
elected, not having any opposing candidate. December 
25, 1881, he was united in marriage to Miss Belle, a 
daughter of lawyer W. G. Phelan of Stoddard County, 
Missouri. The children of this marriage are Thos G. 
R. Moses, deceased, Minnie Francis, Allie Manning, 
and Margaret Elizabeth. 

James Mott-Douglass has resided at Senath on Horse 
Island for fourteen years, put up the first mill and 
cotton gin at that place, and was the prime mover in 
getting the mail route to Senath, and has always took 
great interest in the schools and other public affairs of 
his neighborhood. 


Mr. Douglass owns quite an extensive estate of 600 
or 800 acres and has devoted much of his life to farm- 
ing and stock-raising, but has for several years been in 
the mercantile business at Senath. He is Democratic 
in politics and he and wife are members of the Baptist 

George T. Dunmire was born April 12, 1837, in 
Mercer County, Pennsylvania, removed to Kentucky 
in 1866, and there married Miss Viana M. Phillips, 
daughter of John H. Phillips, on September 22, 1868. 
Their son, John H., was born June 27, 1869, in Clinton 
County, Kentucky. They also lost one son, David H. , 
in infancy. Their daughter. Miss Hattie, was born in 
Dunklin County, Missouri, in 1879. (See photo, p. 

Mr. and Mrs. Dunmire came to Dunklin County in 
1878, and located at Kennett, where they now reside. 

John H. Dunmire, now traveling for Schuh Drug 
Company, Cairo, Illinois, was married to Miss Fannie 
Sturges of Kennett, January 11, 1892. They have 
two children, Clara B., and Marian Irene. Mr. and 
Mrs. John H. Dunmire are members of the Christian 
Church, and Mr. and Mrs. George T. Dunmire of the 
M. E. C. S. Both gentlemen are Republican in 
politics and highly-respected citizens. 

W. B. Finney, M. D., of Kennett, Mo., was born 
January 1, 1858. His parents, James M. and Mary A. 
Smith-Finney, were natives of Illinois, and Mr. Finney 
was for several years Sheriff of Johnson County, Illinois, 


Dr. Finney, the subject of this sketch, received his 
literary education in the common school and Ewing 
College, of Franklin County, Illinois. March 10, 
1890, he graduated from the Physicians and Sur- 
geons College, St. Louis, Mo. August 2, 1885, he 
married Miss Martha E. Clippard, of Cape County, 
Mo., but resided and practiced medicine at Laflin, Mo., 

Dr. ^y. B. Finney. 

until December, 1892, when he came to this county 
and located at Kennett, where he has sained a lar^e 
and lucrative practice. 

Mrs. Finney is a member of the M. E. C. S. Dr. 
Finney is a Democrat in politics and a member of the 
I. O. O. F. and Masonic fraternities. Their children 
are: Willie Ozro, Ernest Green, Hubert Clippard, 
Earl G. and Mary Eula. 

David Finley was born September 1, 1820, in 
Orange Co., Ind. He came to this county in 1834, 


when there were but ten white families in the south 
end of Dunklin County. He married Miss Margarett 
McDaniel, who bore him four children. Mrs. Finley 
and three of the children died with small-pox about 
the close of the Civil War. The other child had died 
prior to this time. In 1866 Mr. Finley married Miss 
Julian Hite, a native of Tennessee. David Edwin and 

i^AVID i^lNLEY. 

Ellen J. are the children of this marriatre. Miss 
Ellen is a pretty girl about sixteen years of age. 
Mr. *' Edd " Finley lives on the old home place near 
Cotton Plant, where his father first settled at a time 
when he could kill elk, buffalo and other large game 
within a mile of his house. Mr. Finley was a close 
friend of Judge Edwin J. Langdon, in honor of whom 
he called his son, who married Miss Mary E. Nelson on 
December 20, 1885; their children are Cordelia eT., 
David M., and Martha J. *' Uncle " Dave Finley was 
a member of the Masonic fraternity and lived just 50 


years, 1 month and 16 days in this county, dying 
October 17, 1884. 

J. Q. A. Gardner, merchant at Campbell, Mo., 
was born in 1828, at Selma, Ala. His father, John 
Gardner, was born in 1802, and was a native of Vir- 
ginia, but emigrated to Alabama at an early day, where 
he married Lucy Melton in 1827. J. Q. A., the sub- 
ject of this sketch, removed with his family to Anna, 
111., in 1863, and came to Dunklin County, Mo., in 
1870. He resided on a farm near Four Mile, until 
seven years ago, when he went into the mercantile 
business at Campbell, where he keeps a complete and 
nicely selected stock. In 1848 he married Mariah E. 
Bobo, a native of South Carolina, and of French par- 
entage. Their children are : Alice, Hiram A., America 
and Willie L., deceased, and W. Scott. 

Mr. Gardner has owned several nice tracts of land, 
some of which he has given to his children. He is a 
member of the I. O. O. F., and both he and his wife 
are members of the M. E. C. S. A staunch Kepubli- 
can in politics, he has voted for every Republican 
President but Garfield, and was then away from home 
on election day. 

His son, Hiram A., is a prominent farmer and stock 
dealer at Campbell. He is a member of the I. O. O. 
F., has been deputy grand master of his district, and 
is held in high regard by that order all over Dunklin 

Another son, Winfield Scott Gardner, is, despite 
the fact that he is a Republican, holding the position of 



Deputy Collector under a Democrat in a county which 
has a large Democratic majority. He resides in Mai- 
den, Mo., and was for several years a member of the 
firm of Gregory & Gardner. Is a member of the 
Kepublican Central Committee, and of the I. O. O. F. 
Comparatively few men are better known or held in 
higher esteem by the people of Dunklin County than 
are the gentlemen of the Gardner family. 

Rev. M. Taylor Grigory was born September 18, 
1849, near Kennett, Dunklin County, Missouri. His 
father, Rev. Jas. K. Grigory, was born October 29, 
1810, and was a native of Georgia, but emigrated to 
Bond County, Illinois, where at the age of twenty- 
three he married Sarah A. Ellegood, a native of that 

Rev. Grigory, Sr., did not enjoy good health in 
Illinois and decided to move to Southeast Missouri. 
His neighbors assisted him to pack his wagons and he 
started with wife and four little girls, in the old- 
fashioned way on a long overland journey. 

He stopped on Castor River, near Bloomfield, Mis- 
souri, for two years, but was not altogether satisfied 
with that county and came on to Dunklin County in 

He had not regained his health and his family 
were nearly in destitute circumstances ; and on his 
arrival in this county were taken in by Mr. Shipley, 
where they remained through the winter following. 
His new-found friends advised him to trade some of 
bis horses and wagons for 220 acres of land; this he 



Wm, M. Gates 



1^ ^ > —rf^ 

Mr. J. HiKSCH AND Wife. 


did, settling about four miles north of Kennett, where 
he soon regained his health and tbere lived the remain- 
der of his life. 

James R. Grigory united with the Methodist Church 
when a young man, and on coming to Dunklin County 
was soon appointed class leader and afterward licensed 
to preach. He was about the second local Methodist 
preacher in this county and was also preacher in 
charge for several years of the Grand Prairie Circuit, 
which was then a very extensive field. He often rode 
forty miles in a day and preached three times, in order 
to fill all his appointments. He is also said to have 
delivered the first sermon ever preached on Big Lake 
Island, Arkansas. He served six months in the 
Black Hawk War, and on the breaking out of the 
Civil War his sympathies were with the South. At its 
close he had some trouble about holding his preacher's 
license but the division of the churches ended his dif- 
ficulty and he continued to preach as a minister of the 
M. E. C. S. 

His son, Rev. M. Taylor Grigory, was reared on 
the old Grigory farm and educated in the common 
schools of Dunklin County, and at the age of 
twenty-one began teaching, and at twenty-three was 
married to Miss Jane Roach, a native of Tennessee. 
At the age of thirty-five he united with the 
M. E. C. S. and was licensed to preach one 
year later. He was preacher in charge of Kennett 
Circuit in 1888, and has done much other pas- 
torate work. Shortly after his marriage he bought 
land near Kennett, where be lived for years, when 


he removed to Joiiesborough, Arkansas, in order to 
give his two children, Loula and Eva, the benefit of a 
town school. However, he did not have good health 
in Arkansas, so he returned to Dunklin, where, in 
forty days, he had gained in flesh about as many 
pounds. He again engaged in farming in summer, 
and teaching during the fall and winter months. He 
continues to farm and devotes some time to the 

Rev. Grigory is Democratic in politics and the 
family are all members of the Methodist Church. He 
is well and favorably known all over the county. 

J. H. Harkey, present judge of the Second Dis- 
trict, is the son of Daniel D. and Mary A. Bankston- 
Harkey, and was born October 27, 1843, in Pike 
County, Georgia. Daniel D. was a native of North 
Carolina and Mrs. Harkey of Georgia. They came to 
this county in 1853 and located on Grand Prairie, 
where they resided until their death. They were both 
charter members of the old Harkey's chapel class of 
the M. E. C. S., helped to build the first house by 
that name, and were always among the church's most 
consistent and powerful workers. Judge J. H. Harkey 
holds the only office he has ever asked for at the hands 
of the county. He is Democratic in politics and quite 
influential in his neighborhood. He joined the Masonic 
order at Hornersville in 1872, and is also a member of 
the I. O. O. F. and has passed through nearly all of 
the chairs of both lodges. He was joined in marriage 
to Miss Francis Ham on April 2, 1863. Mrs. Harkey 


was boru at Hickman Bend, Ark., in 1847, and is the 
daughter of Thomas H. and Francis C. Branch-Ham. 

Her maternal grandfather was of Iiish descent and 
quite a noted man. He surveyed the Western Dis- 
trict and was a Captain on the American side in the 
Revolutionary War. 

Judge and Mrs. Harkey have no children of their 
own, but have raised a number of orphans; among 
them are R. M. Reeves, Annie Dyerhouse, Frazier 
Dickson, Ralph and Rosie Harkey, and they now have 
little Bertie Secreese. Judge Harkey has been Sun- 
day-school superintendent at Harkey Chapel for four 
years and both he and Mrs. Harkey are members of 
the M. E. C. S. 

WiLBUKN D. Harkey, of Nesbit, was born March 
20, 1837, in Pike County, Georgia. He is the son of 
Daniel and Mary A. Bankston-Harkey, pioneers who 
came to Dunklin County in 1851, at which time their 
son, the subject of this sketch, was just fourteen years 
of age. 

He attained his growth in this county and in 
1858 was married to Margaret McEacher. In 1862 
Mr. Harkey enlisted in the Confederate Army, Second 
Missouri Cavalry, under Col. McCuUough. At the 
expiration of twelve months, for which time he had 
enlisted he went into Col. Kitchen's regiment, with 
whom he remained until the close of the war, surren- 
dering at Wittsburg, Ark. He was in the battles of 
luka and Corinth and in a great many skirmishes. 

The children of Mr. and Mrs. Harkey are : Wilburn 


O., A. Jasper, William L., Edward L., Thomas F. and 
Bascom S. Two of these are married, Wilburn O. 
to Callie Grogan, and William L. to Anna Bowers. 

Both Mr. and Mrs. Harkey are among the oldest 
members of the Old Harkey's Chapel M. E. C. S. and 
have always been consistent and powerful workers. 

They settled on their present farm in 1867. It is 
one of the best improved farms around Nesbit, with 
nice orchard, good residence, barns, etc. Mr. 
Harkey is a member of the Masonic order and a 
Democrat in politics. 

Ben. F. Hicks, stock and grain dealer, Halcomb, 
Mo., was born Ai)ril 23, 1849, and is the son of 
John and Nancy Langford-Hicks, natives of Middle 
Tennessee. The parents, however, removed to Henry 
County, West Tennessee, in 1851, where the father 
was magistrate for eighteen continuous years, and also 
held the office of County Trustee. 

Benjamin F. Hicks grew to manhood in Henry 
County, near Paris, Tennessee, and was educated in 
the Sulphur Well Academy. In 1870 he went to the 
Pacific Coast, and for four years was a resident of 
California and Nevada. In 1874 he returned home, 
and November 2d of the same year, was married 
to Miss E. Tennie Williams, a native of Tennessee. 
April, 1876, she died, leaving one child, George A. 

October 30, 1877, Mr. Hicks took for a second 
companion. Miss Ida E. Blakemorc, also a native of 
Tennessee. She was reared near Paris, educated in 
the common schools of her native State, and the 



Murry Institute, in Miirry, Kentucky, and is a daughter 
of William S. and Isabella Williams-BIakemore. 
The father was for several years sheriff of Henry 
County, Tenn. She has three brothers in this county, 
all of whom own nice homes near Halcomb, and is 
also a relative of J. B. Blakemore, circuit clerk of 
Dunklin County. Mrs. Hicks is a member of the M. 

B. F. Hicks and Wife. 

E. C. S. and is one of the most ardent supporters of 
that church at Halcomb. 

The children of Mr. and Mrs. Hicks are Hattie B., 
Taylor P., Clinton C, and Blanch A. Mr. Hicks 
came to Dunklin County in 1880, and located at Hal- 
comb Island, which was then in a very primitive condi- 
tion. He bought land, built a modest residence just 
in front of the " Lone Pine Tree," and it is said that 
his is the best improved and most conveniently fenced 


farm in Dunklin County. He is a large dealer in grain 
and stock and a man of good information, and is a 
member of the Masonic fraternity and of the Chris- 
tian Church. Both he and Mrs. Hicks are broad- 
minded Christian workers and liberal givers to all 
the church denominations. 

J. HiRSCH, proprietor of the New York Store, 
Kennett, Mo., is the youngest merchant in Kennett. 
He is only about twenty-five years of age, was born in 
Germany and has been in America but seven years. 
Five years of this time he resided in New York City 
and he has been two years in Kennett. In May, 
1895, he married Miss Fannie Kaufman, sister to the 
members of the firm of Kaufman Bros., Cairo, 111. 
The New York Store is situated in the Tatum Block 
and is conducted on the Eastern city style, being 
confined strictly to dry goods, clothing, ladies' and 
gents' furnishing goods, etc., and making a specialty 
of fine millinery. In order to have the latest styles 
and ideas in trimming Mr. and Mrs. Hirsch have an 
Eastern trimmer fresh from the shop each season. 
The New York Store has been exceptionally success- 
ful and is introducing regularly the latest styles and 
novelties in every line carried. (See photo, p. 195.) 

E. G. Henderson, editor '* Dunklin County Regis 
ter," was born in Catoosa County, Georgia, but when 
very young moved to Arkansas and was reared at 
Batesville, Independence County. In 1869-70 he 
learned the printer's trade in Little Rock, Ark., and 



in 1872 moved to Eveniof^ Shade, Sbarpe County, 
where he worked at his trade alternately with other 
employment for twenty-two years. During eleven 
years of this time he was owner and editor of the 

E. G. Henderson. 

" Sharp County Eecord," making that paper one of 
the most prominent and popular journals in North 
Arkansas. In 1895, Mr. Henderson disposed of the 
Record plant and in October of the same year estab 
lished the " Dunklin County Eegister " at Maiden, 


This paper is fast gaining favor with the people of 
this county, now having a circulation of over 650. 
Mr. Henderson is a Democrat in politics and, of course, 
advocates these principles in his paper. 

Though he has not been long in this county. Mai- 
den's people believe they have gained an able editor 
in E. G. Henderson. He is a member of the M. E. 
C. S. and of the I. O. O. F. and Masonic fraternities. 

Charles O. Hoffman, Judge of the Probate Court, 
Dunklin County, was born May 30, 1846; is a native 
of Virginia; was reared in Richmond, Va., and 
Atlanta, Ga. He came to Dunklin County, Mo., and 
located near Clarkton in the early seventies. In Jan- 
uary, 1874, he married Emma Ashcraft, daughter of 
Casswell Ashcraft, formerly of Clarkton and a pioneer 
of this county. 

To this union were born four children, Delia (now 
a young lady and a general favorite with the young 
people of Kennett), Homer, Lillian and Tom. 

The mother of these children died in 1884, and in 
about four years Judge Hoffman married Mrs. Bird, 
by whom he is the father of two children. Bee and 

Judge Hoffman has held the office of Probate Judge 
since 1886, being elected in that year, and re-elected 
in 1890 and in 1894; his term will expire in 1898, 
when he will have held this position twelve years. In 
1894 he had no opposing candidate neither before the 
Democratic primary nor general election, and there 
was polled for him the largest number of votes of any 


candidate in the county. He has filled the position of 
Probate Judge with the greatest satisfaction and is 
one of the most popular and highly esteemed gentle- 
men in this county. 

W. E. Hopper, manager of the Campbell KoUer 
Mills, Campbell, Mo., was born September 17, 1857, 
in Weakley County, Tennessee. 

His parents, Andrew Darby Hopper and Mary 
Elizabeth Emily Clary, were married July 2, 1851, 
and came to Dunklin County in I860. Mr. Hopper 
was a farmer, and on coming to Missouri purchased 
land near Campbell, or what was then Four Mile. 
He was a very large man, weighing 225 pounds, a 
Democrat in politics and a member of the Missionary 
Baptist Church; a native of Tennessee, born May 
16, 1829, and died in Dunklin County, Mo., March 
24, 1878. Mrs. Hopper is also a native of Tennessee, 
born December 7, 1825, and resides near Campbell 
with her children. She and Mr. Hopper were the 
parents of four children, who all live near Campbell, 
in fact, they all own homes in the same township. 
They are, Martha Ann E., born January 16, 1856; 
Minerva Caroline, born September 25, 1859; Benja- 
min Forester, born May 2, 1865 ; and William Elbert, 
who is the subject of this sketch. He was but three 
years of age when his parents brought him to 
Dunklin County, where he grew to manhood and 
received his education in the common schools. 
October 15, 1884, he was married to Miss Anna 
Lorena Blakeney, a native of North Carolina. To 


them have been born five children, Lessie Ann, Henry 
Earl, Susaua, Darby Leander, and Ethen Elbert 

Mr. Hopper owns the old Hopper home, four 
miles north of Campbell, on which some of the Hopper 
family have resided for nearly thirty years. The house 
is surrounded by hickory trees, which shelter the 
ground where Mr. Hopper played in his boyhood days 
and also where his children have spent much of their 
youth. While he now resides in Campbell in 
a much more pretentious home the old country home 
is doubtless the best loved residence. 

In March, 1895, Mr. Hopper was elected General 
Manager of the Campbell Roller Mills, and his able 
mana2:ement and accommodatinir and orcnial manner 
as well as the good quality of its flour have won for 
the new enterprise many friends. 

Mr. Hopper is a member of the School Board at 
Campbell, is much interested in educational matters and 
is ever ready to lend a helping hand to any enterprise 
which will promote the general welfare of his best 
loved county or State. 

He is a Democrat in politics and both he and wife 
are members of the Missionary Baptist Church. 

M. W. Hubbard, proprietor of the firm of that 
name in Clarkton, Mo., was born April 7, 1840, in 
Madison County, Kentucky. He is the son of Green- 
vil and Mary Jarman-Hubbard, natives of the above 
mentioned State. He came to Dunklin County in 
1861, and is, save J. B. Penny, the oldest resident 
citizen now in Clarkton. 



He married Bettie Hodges, a daughter of Judge 
Hodges, pioneer of this county, Feburary 1, 1864. 
Their chikh'en are Robert G., who married Flora 
Timberman ; Albert, Walter, who married Maggie 
Youns: of Portao-eville, Mo., and Charhe and Mollie. 
Mr. and Mrs. Hubbard are members of the Cumber- 
land Presbyterian Church. He is Democratic in poli- 

If ' 

M. W. Hubbard and Wife. 

tics and was deputy sheriff in this county under Press 
Nicols. Mr. Hubbard has been in the merchandising 
business in Clarkton about fourteen years and keeps 
a full and com[)lete line of everything usually found 
in a general store. He is a pioneer whose charac- 
ter has ever been unspotted and who is well and 
favorably known in the county. 

J. E. Jones, son of Isaiah and Media Ann (Miller) 
Jones, natives of Tennessee and New York respect- 
ively, was born April 11, 1848, in this county, his 
father having come here in 1839, and, with Judge E. J. 


Langdon as a partner, started a carriage, cooper and 
blacksmith shop near Cotton Plant. J. E. Jones 
married Miss Hettie W. Chapman, daughter of Turner 
and Hulda Mott-Chapman, on April 6, 1870. They 
resided near Hornersville for several years, but settled 
on his present home near Nesbit twenty years ago. 
Mr. Jones is one of the foremost farmers in his vicin- 

J. E. Jones, 

ity, owns over 200 acres of land, and always has good 
horses, cattle, etc., around his place. He has been 
road overseer for four years and is well known and 
well liked among the people. He is Democratic in 
politics, has considerable influence and always wields 
it for his political favorites. 

Mrs. Jones is a member of the M. E. C. S. Their 
children are, respectively, Willie Edd (married to 
Miss Lula Bowers), Anna Lou (now Mrs. L. Riggs, 
of Kennett), Lizzie B., Hubert, Curtis Isaiah, and 
Glenn, and have lost four by death. 


James T. Karns, of the firm of R. M. Bone & Co., 
Senath, Mo., was born June 2, 1859. His parents, 
John and Cynthia C. Sanford-Karnes, were natives of 
Gibson County, Tennessee, and came to Pemiscot 
County, Missouri, in 1861, and on to Dunklin County 
in 1870. They located on Horse Island near where 
** Lulu " is now situated, opened up a farm and con- 
tinued to reside there until the death of Mr. Karns, 
June 27, 1886. 

J. T. Karns, the subject of this sketch, first went in 
business at Lulu and was the first postmaster at that 
place. He removed to his present place of business in 
1886. He acquired his education in this county and 
is a Dunklin County business man out and out. His 
firm, R. M. Bone &, Co., keep a complete line of 
general merchandise. J. T. Karns and Mary I. Barr 
were united in marriage December 25, 1885. Their 
little daughter Estella was born November 10, 1891. 
They have three children dead. 

Mrs. Karns is a member of the Christian Church 
and Mr. Karns is Democratic in politics. 

A. J. Kerfoot, vice-president of the St. Louis, 
Kennett & Southern Railroad, was born in Jefferson 
County, Ya., August 17, 1857. Emigrated to 
Cooper County, Mo., in March, 1867. Attended 
public school at Boonville until 1874, when he entered 
the railroad service as water boy on construction work. 
Continued in the service of the M., K. & T., Houston 
& Texas Central and Chicago & Alton, as conductor 
and brakeman, until January, 1890. Organized the 



St. L., K. & S. R. R. Co., in March, 1890, and super 
intended the construction of same, completing it in 
December of the same year. Was appointed super- 
intendent of transportation in January, 1891, which 
position he held until December, 1895, at which time 
he resigned as superintendent and was elected vice- 
president, which position he now holds. Too much 

A, J. Kerfoot. 

cannot be said for Mr. Kerfoot as a business man or 
for his energy and perseverence in bringing this road 
up to a fair standard for a new railroad. 

In addition to his railroad business he is interested 
in the firm of E. S. McCarty & Co., being business 
manager of the firm. This firm owns stores at Ken- 
nett, White Oak, and Pascola, Pemiscot County, 
doing a general merchandise and timber business ; 
and also owns the celebrated Armstrong Springs, 
located in White County, Ark., at which place they 
also have a store, and are erecting a large hotel and 


otherwise improving the property to the extent of 

Mr. Kerfoot's father, G. W. Kerfoot, is still 
living, being seventy-eight years of age; his mother 
died of pneumonia, March, 1891, at the age of sixty 

Judge Edwin J. Langdon was born August 7, 
1819, at Middleberry, Vermont. His parents, Hiram 
and Polly Dowd-Langdon, were of Scotch descent 
and emigrated to Granville, Licking County, Ohio. 
When their son Edwin J. was just seventeen years of 
age, here he taught school and improved his educa- 
tion and came on to Dunklin County, Mo., in 1839. 
In 1847 he married Sarah A. Glasscock, who was born 
near Pocahontas, Arkansas, and is the daughter of 
Robt. L. and Elizabeth Sullinofer Glasscock, early 
l)ioneers of this county. The mother was of Scotch 
and Cherokee, while the father was of Irish descent; 
they emigrated from Old Jackson, Missouri, to Dun- 
klin County, about 1845. Judge Langdon started his 
career in this county without money and when the 
country was in a very primitive condition. He was a 
carriage maker by trade and he and Isaiah Jones 
opened a carriage, coopers' and blacksmith shop 
near Cotton Plant in the early forties, and they 
turned out some of the first pails, carriages and 
wagons made in this county. In 184G he assisted 
his fjithcr, Hiram Langdon, to build the first 
courthouse erected in this county. In 1847-1848 
he built the Buffalo Creek levee between Kennett and 


Vincit. The money which he received for the com- 
pletion of this contract, he often said was the first 
from which he ever appeared to receive much benefit. 
With it he bought goods and opened a small store at 
Cotton Plant. It is safe to say that this money was 
the foundation of his future estate, which estate at his 
death, in November, 1892, was worth some $200,000 

Judge E. J. Langdon and Wife. 

or $300,000. Judge Langdon was President of the 
County Court of Dunklin County from 1878 to 1884 
inclusive. He was a very public-spirited man and did 
much for the improvement of public roads, public 
schools, churches and other enterprises to advance the 
general good of the county. He Inunched one of the 
first flat-boats on Little River at Hornersville, owned 


and operated one of the first cotton gins and general 
stores, and did as much as any other man to bring 
up the morals of the county, and he was, all things 
being considered, perhaps the greatest man Dunklin 
County has ever had. A man whose public and 
private life will bear the closest scrutiny ; and 
while he condemned wrong, he was infinitely patient 
and forbearins: ; his heart was never made cold 
by silver and gold, but was always open to unfortunate 
humanity. He had not the wealth of many men, but 
his life was certainly a success. He died in his Arcadia 
home in Iron County, Mo., but was brought back to 
his old home for funeral services and his remains rest 
in the family cemetery at Cotton Plant. Mrs. Lang- 
don is living and enjoys fairly good health. She 
resides with her daugher, Hettie D, wife of R. H. Jones, 
of Kennett, Mo. 

Mrs. Jones is the youngest child and only daughter 
Judge and Mrs. Langdon raised, and has been since 
her early youth, considered one of the handsomest 
women of Dunklin County. Three sons are the other 
children of Judge and Mrs. Langdon living; they are: 
William H. (of Jonesboro, Texas), C. V. and A. J. of 
Cotton Plant, this county. Those deceased are Truman 
C, who died after reaching manhood, leaving a family, 
and Ruth E., Eddie B., Nellie B., and Jimmie J., who 
died in infancy. 

Judge Langdon was a Democrat in politics, a mem- 
ber of the Masonic fraternity and of the M. E. C. S., 
Mrs. Lano;don is a member of the M. E. C. S. and of 
the Rebekah Degree of I. O. O. F. 



Charles V. Langdon was born October lOlh, 
1855, in Dunklin County, Mo. He is the son of 
Edwin J. and Sarah A. Glasscock Langdon (see 

sketch elsewhere). The subject of this sketch grew 
to manhood in this county, received a good education, 
assisted his father on the farm and in the store at 


Cotton Plant until August 7, 1884, when he was 
married to Lou Abernathy, also a native of Dunklin 
County and the daughter of Robert Abernathy, an 
early settler of this county. After his marriage Mr. 
Langdon built a fine residence on one of the large 
mounds on his farm just south of Cotton Plant, and 
has since resided there, occasionally taking his family 
to their pleasant summer home in Arcadia, Mo. Mr. 
Langdon was in the mercantile business with T. R. 
Neel, under the firm mime, at his father's old stand in 
Cotton Plant. He subsequently sold his interest and 
retired to his farm. He is a prominent farmer and 
stock-raiser, cattle being his favorite kind. He always 
keeps fine cows and plenty of other stock about his 
place. His farm is one of the most extensive and best 
improved in the county. The children of Mr. and 
Mrs. Langdon are: Edwin Neel (deceased), Sallie 
May, Lela Blanch, Luella (deceased), and Walton V. 
Mr. Lano'don is a member of the I. O. O. F. and 
Masonic fraternities and he and wife are members of 
the M. E. C. S. 

A. J. Langdon was born February 25, 1865, is a 
native of this county and the son of Edwin J. and 
Sarah A. Giasscock-Langdon, pioneers of Dunklin 
County. He was educated in his native county and 
at the high school of Ironton, Mo., and also at the 
State Normal, Cape Girardeau, Mo. He worked with 
his father in the store at Cotton Plant for about three 
years and was afterward a member of the firm of E. 
J. Langdon & Company. At that place, January 14, 


1893, he married Mary Tennie Moore, a native of 
Dunklin County, who was reared and educated at 
Mount Calm, Texas; she is the daughter of E. H. 
Moore, formerly an old citizen of this county. To 
this marriage have been born Maude E., Nellie A. 
(deceased), Hettie P., E. Senter and Wesley M. 

Since the death of his father, Mr. Langdon has 
devoted much of his time to the matters of the estate, 
he being the administrator. He is also a dealer in live 
stock and, of course, devotes considerable time to 
looking after his own estate, as he owns a number of 
well improved and valuable tracts of land in this 
county, Mrs. Langdon is a member of the M. E. C. S. 

Charles Lanpher is the son of G. W. and E. V. 
Parkins-Lanpher ; born August 12, 1871, and is a 
native of Fredericktown. His father is a well-known 
citizen of that place, and Charles Lanpher was reared 
and educated in Fredericktown, and came to Dunklin 
County in August, 1893, to take a partnership in the 
firm of L. Riggs & Co., at Kennett. This firm keeps 
a full and up-to-date line of stoves, tinware, sash and 
doors, sporting goods, and, in fact, everything usually 
kept in a hardware store. They enjoy a thriving 
business and will further enlarge the same by estab- 
lishing a branch store at Caruthersville, Mo. 

Jake S. Levi came to Dunklin at about the begin- 
ning of Maiden and his business career may be traced 
in this county through the firm of J. S. Levi & Co., 
and other names to the Levi Mercantile Co., of Maiden 


and Kennett. Every enterprise of which Mr. Levi has 
taken hold of in this county has seemed to prosper and 
has outgrown firm names and business houses in a 
remarkable manner. The first brick business house 
erected in Dunklin County was that of J. S. Levi, 
erected in 1889, in Maiden. This is one of the best 
business houses in that town, and it is certain that the 
firm who own it do a very extensive business, in fact 

J. S. Levi. 

the Levi Mercantile Company of Maiden and Kennett 
is one of the most popular firms in Dunklin County. 

J. S. Levi is president of the Levi Mercantile Com- 
pany, Joe N. Arends, vice-president, and A. Lebermuth, 
secretary and treasurer. 

Mr. Levi is also president of the Goldman & Levi 
Land Company, and ,J. D. Goldman, of St. Louis, Mo., 
is vice-president. 

Mr. Levi resides most of the time in Cincinnati, 
Ohio,buthasbeenknown and identified with the business 
interests of Dunklin County for about fifteen years 


and has resided a considerable portion of that time in 
this county. Mr. Levi is unmarried, but Mr. Leber- 
muth and Mr. Arends have both married since coming 
to this county. 

George W. Marshall, farmer and stock-raiser, of 
Chirkton, was born in Olive County, Tennessee, June 
23, 1849, and is the pon of Bennett and Mary Mar- 
shall, natives of Middle Tennessee. The parents came 
to Dunklin County in 1857 and located on the farm 
where the son, George W., now resides. They lived 
here for several years and then removed to Arkansas, 
where the father died in 1872. He was a member of 
the Masonic fraternity and a well-known pioneer of 
this county. 

Geoige W. Marshall attained his growth on a 
farm in this county, working with his father until his 
majority. January 30, 1869, he was united in mar- 
riage to Mary L. Lasley, daughter of the pioneer, Mr. 
Lasley, who located near Clarkton in 1863. 

Mr. and Mrs. Marshall commenced their married life 
on a very small scale with a small farm, one milk cow 
and a plow horse. Mr. Marshall, however, soon began 
to raise corn, cattle and hogs, not having grown any 
cotton since it fell below ten cents per pound in the 
markets. He is now the largest stock-raiser and ship- 
per in the county and the owner of about nine hundred 
acres of land, part of which lies in New Madrid 

Mr. and Mrs. Marshall are the parents of a large 
family, and have perhaps the nicest home in the 


county, a very handsome residence among a magnificent 
grove of forest trees, and a fine orchard. They reside 
about two miles south of Clarliton. 

Collin Morgan, ex-sheriff of Dunklin County, was 
born January 15, 1844. He is a native of Tennessee, 
and the son of Miles and Martha Page-Morgan, early 
settlers of Bolliosrer County, Mo. They, however. 


Collin Morgan. 

removed to Stoddard County, and located near Bloom- 
field, Mo., and there principally reared iheir family. 
Mr. Morgan died several years ago, but Mrs. Morgan 
is living in Stoddard County. The son, Collin Mor- 
gan, was married December 2S, 1871, to Miss Eflae 
Harper, of Stoddard County. Mr. and Mrs. Morgan 
have a largo family of children, the eldest daughter 
being Miss Ida, and the eldest son Mr. Fred, both 
favorites among the young people of Kennett. Mr. 
Morgan came to this county in 1888, and two years 
later was elected Sheriff of Dunklin County, and 


re-elected to the same office in 1892. He filled this 
office to the general satisfaction of all, and has won 
for himself many friends among the people of this 
county. His residence (which was one of the finest in 
Kennett) and nearly all its contents was destroyed by 
fire in 1895, this being the second time such a mis- 
fortune has befallen him. He is, however, a man of 
indomitable energy and push, and burned several kilns 
of brick from which he expects to build a handsome 
brick residence on the site of the one destroyed by 
tire. Kennett has not a man with more go-a-head 
business energy than Collin Morgan ; he never waits for 
*'soft jobs or good luck,'* but has pluck enough to 
keep his head above the waves of any misfortune. 

Mr. Morgan was twice elected Sheriff of Stoddard 
County before coming to Dunklin, and is well-known 
in both counties. He is a Democrat in politics. Master 
of the Masonic lodge at Kennett, and a member of 
the I. O. O. F. 

Both Mr. and Mrs. Morgan are members of the 
Christian Church. 

Louis McCutchen, druggist and postmaster at 
Campbell, Mo., was born June 27, 1848, in Jackson 
County, Alabama. His parents were William W. and 
Margaret Harrison-McCutchen, natives of Alabama 
and Tennessee, respectively. The father was surveyor 
and justice of the peace for a number of years in both 
Jackson and Marshall counties and resided in Alabama 
until his death. He was drowned in Tennessee River, 
in Marshall County, in 1878. 


Louis McCutcheii grew to manhood Id Marshall 
County, Alabama, and received a fair education in the 
villa<re school. On reaching his majority he left the 
parental roof and emigrated to Missouri and located 
at Four Mile, Dunklin County, in 1870. He accepted 
a position as clerk, which he retained until 1876. He 
then engaged in the drug and grocery business on his 
own account and continued at Four Mile until the fall 
of 1882. He then removed to Campbell, a new town 
on what is the St. Louis Southwestern R. R., Cotton 
Belt Route. He has since continued in business at 
that place. In 1875 he was appointed postmaster at 
Four Mile and has been postmaster there and at 
Campbell since that time. 

Mr. McCutchen is a director of the Bank of 
Kennett, a member of the I. O. O. F. and Masonic 
lodges at Campbell, is a Democrat in politics and is 
well known and highly esteemed in this county. 

December 20, 1877, he married Miss Martha E. 
Owen, a native of Dunklin County and the daughter of 
Judge Given Owen (see sketch). Mrs. McCutchen 
was reared and educated in this county and is certainly 
one of the most accomplished housekeepers of which 
it can boast; her home is always surrounded by 
beautiful flowers and she is an adept in the culinary 
art. The children of Mr. and Mrs. McCutchen are: 
Fannie, William W., Beulab, Owen, Louis and Mary 
Ellen. Mr. McCutchen has quite an extensive estate 
of about 1200 acres near Campbell. His drug store is 
fitted up nicely and he keeps a full and complete line 
of drugs in connection vvith the post-office. 


Virgil McKay, County Clerk of Dunklin County, 
was born in New Madrid County, Mo., July 24, 1858. 
He is the son of John and Mary Adams-McKay, 
natives of the above-mentioned county and State. 
Virgil McKay, the subject of this sketch, came to 
Dunklin County, July 28, 1878. He farmed for a few 
years, then for several years taught school part of 
the year and attended school the remainder, being 
principally educated in the Southeast Normal at Cape 
Girardeau, Mo. December 25, 1888, he married Miss 
Annie Marlow of Clarkton, a daughter of James Mar- 
low, who was a pioneer of this county. To this 
marriage have been born two little boys, Clyde and 
Landreth. (See photo, p. 236.) 

He was elected Assessor of Dunklin Co. in 1886, 
and re-elected to the same office in 1888. He is 
holding his second term as County Clerk, being 
elected to that office in 1890 and 1894. 

He is Democratic in politics, a member of the Masonic 
order and of I. O. O. F. Both he and Mrs. McKay 
are members of the M. E. C. S. Mr. McKay is 
exceedingly popular among the masses of the people. 

HuLDAH A. MoTT was born April 10, 1831, in 
Hickman County, Ky., was married to Turner G. 
Chapman, Sept. 28, 1848. To them were born four 
children, James, Mary, Hettie andKittie. Mr. Chap- 
man died June 25, 1859, and Mrs. Chapman was again 
married March 23, 1865, to Wm. H. Helm. To this 
couple were born three children, Lizzie, Willie and 
Fannie. Mrs. Helm is a sister of Mrs. A. T. Doug- 


lass of Seiialh, and one of the pioneer women of this 
county. Mr. Hehn represented this county in the 
Stale Lcgishiture in 1879, is a Democrat in politics, 
and he and Mrs. Helm and daughters are members 
of the Christian Church. James and Mary Chapman 
died in infanc3^ Hettie was married to J. E. Jones 
of Nesbit, Mo., April G, 1870. Kitty was married 
May 3, 1877, to W. G. Bragg, of Kennett, Mo. Willie 
Helm died in infancy, and Lizzie was married August 
3, 1892, to T. J. Baird of Clarkton, Mo. Fannie was 
married September 28, 1892, to Charles B. Ruff of 
Kennett, Mo. (see sketches elsewhere). 

David H. Moore, born July 10, 1832, was the 
second white child born in Dunklin County. His 
parents were Howard and Mary Welch Moore, natives 
of Virginia. They emigrated to Dunklin County in 
1829 and were the first white settlers to locate within 
the limits of this county. They also built and lived 
in the first white man's cabin, stopping at first about 
four miles south of Maiden, Missouri. Mr. Moore 
afterward bought the log cabin and improvements of 
Chilleticaux near Kennett, and it was he who estab- 
lished the first grist mill at that place in pioneer days. 
He lived to a good old age and at his death left each 
of his eight children forty acres of good Dunklin 
County land. David H. Moore was partly reared in 
Chilleticaux Cabin, has eaten many of the big Indian 
peaches grown on the trees planted by that chief. 
He also, when a lad, helped to grind corn on one of 
the first gi'ist mills in the county, and prior to that 


time pounded corn and coffee in the mortar made by 
Chilleticaux in the latter's kitchen, which the chief said 
was <* all built of cypress but one log, which log was 
of wood." 

*' Uncle Dave," as he is familiarly called, was first 
married to Claircy Spurlock ; she died leaving two 
children, Wesley and Mary. Mr. Moore has lost four 

David Moore. 

wives by death, his fifth wife being his present com- 
panion. She has had three husbands, her first being 
a Mr. Bird, her second a Mr. Jordan; her maiden 
name was Ouva Haggard. She and Mr. Moore have 
two children, Samantha and 

There are but three other persons who have resided 
in Dunklin County longer than David H. Moore. He 
lives in Kennett, Missouri, and is the oldest citizen of 
that place. He is a Democrat in politics. 

History of dunklin county, mo. 


A. A. Moore, undertaker, Maiden, Mo., was born 
June 23, 1827, in Union County, Indiana. His father, 
Morgan Moore, was a native of Virginia, but emigrated 
to Ohio when a small boy and later in life went to Indi- 
ana, where he married a Miss Mead. She became the 
mother of A. A. Moore and soon afterward died. 
The father was an old soldier in the war of 1812, and 

A. A. Moore and Wife. 

afterward located in Vermillion County, Illinois, where 
he died in 1860. 

A. A. Moore came to Dunklin County in 1876, 
and located in Maiden, which was then just being 
commenced. He farmed for some time then became 
a contractor and builder and assisted in erecting some 
of the first houses in Maiden. Later he was a success- 
ful grocery merchant and has been for many years a 
well-known and prominent undertaker. He has also 



been prominent in local politics, having been a mem- 
ber of the Council for several years and Mayor of 
Maiden. February 14, 1850, he was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Elizabeth E. Hite, a native of Virginia, 
and to them have been born S. S., on Aug. 21st, 1851, 
C. F., March 10, 1853, M. C. and M. A., October 30, 
1855 ; M. C, one these twins, and S. W., born April 
29, 1858, are both deceased. H. A., the youngest son, 
was born October 13, 1863. 

S. S. Moore married Lucy Shullz; their children 
are Nellie, Minnie, Ethel, and Fred. 

M. A. Moore married Susie Jenkins and became 
the father of Wilbert and Onie. 

H. A. Moore married Emma Herman, and resides 
in Maiden. 

C. F. Moore married Mrs. Lou A. Stephens, a 
daughter of T. B. Reeves. He is a member of the 
L O. O. F. and a carpenter by trade. On coming to 
Dunklin County he located in Maiden, where he now 

Thomas Neel is the son of the pioneer, Thomas 
Neel, who came to this county with the Homers in 
February, 1832. 

Thomas Neel, Jr., was born in May of the same 
year and was the first white child born in Dunklin 
County. Mr. Neel has pounded corn in the old- 
fashioned mortar *' Indian style'' when it was too 
bad to go to mill away up on West Prairie or to the 
Masterson mill near Bernie, in Stoddard County. He 
has slept on Chilleticaux buffalo robes and is even yet 


a great hunter. For many years he lived on his farm 
where the post-office of Lulu now stands, but for 
several years has resided just across the Missouri line 
in Arkansas, but he is yet looked upon as a citizen of 
this county, as he does about all of his buying, selling 
of produce, etc., in his old home. His present wife 
was Miss Lizzie Donalson, who is a sister of I. F. 
Donalson, of Kennett. They have a nice home, which 
in summer and fall is almost hidden by pretty shrubs 
and flowers. 

Rev. OwENBY, of the Clarkton Circuit of the M. E. 
C. S., was born March 17, 1854, in Sumner County, 
Tennessee. He is the son of J. P. and C. A. Ovvenby, 
natives of the above mentioned State. Rev. Owenby 
has been in the ministry and under the control 
of the St. Louis Conference Methodist Episcopal 
Church South about thirteen years. His preaching 
is of the Evangelistic order and he recognizes this as 
his particular sphere and personally likes it best. 
He says about 10,000 conversions have been the result 
of his preaching, including about 66S conversions and 
accessions to the church in the bounds of the Clarkton 
Circuit in Dunklin County. Rev. Owenby has been 
sent to this circuit two years successively. It is 
claimed by the people of Halcomb, where he resides, 
that it is largely through his influence and that of a 
few of the Baptist members that the churches of the 
various denominations at Halcomb have become so 
united in their Sunday-school and other Christian 
work. He undoubtedly has the tact to draw the 



crowds and then gain their attention, to a greater 
extent than any other preacher in the county. In 
1873, he was married to Nannie J. Goad, of Obine 
County, Tennessee. They have four living children. 

Judge Given Owen was born May 9, 1818, and 
was the son of Reuben and Martha Wells Owens, 


^.f -^ 't. 

Dr. Given Owen. 

natives of Georgia and Kentucky, respectively. 
Reuben Owen emigrated to Kentucky when a young 
man and lived there until 1836, when he removed 
to Bloomfield, Mo., and there resided until his death. 
Judge, or Dr. Given Owen, for he was one of the 
pioneer physicians of Dunklin County, grew to man- 
hood in Hickman County, Ky., receiving a good 
education in the common and higher English branches. 
In 1835, when he was just seventeen years of age, he 


commenced the study of medicine under Dr. Carroll 
at Hickman, K3^ In 1838, he also removed to Bloom- 
field, Mo., remaining there and continuing the study 
of medicine for two years. In 1841, he settled on a 
farm in what was then Stoddard, but what is now 
Dunklin County. He was shortly elected County 
Judge. He was Presiding Judge of Stoddard County 
when this was cut off into Dunklin, and was elected 
County Judge of this county in 1854. He was elected 
Judge of the Clarkton Common Pleas and Probate 
Court in April, 1876, to fill out the unexpired term of 
Judge Stokes (deceased); also elected Judge of Pro- 
bate Court and President of County Court in Novem- 
ber, 1878. In April, 1877, he was commissioned 
Notary Public by Gov. Phelps, also by Gov. Critten- 
den in 1882, and by Gov. Marmaduke in 1886. 

Judge Owen was first married in 1840 to Amanda 
SuUenger, a native of Cape Girardeau County. She 
died in May, 1852, leaving four children : Dr. Reuben 
P., A. B., Nancy M., Mrs.E.M. Bray, and Francis E.I. 
In August, 1852, he married a second time, taking Mrs. 
Louisiana Bozarth, a daughter of Jordan and Nancy 
Lacy. Two daughters were born to them, Martha E. 
(now Mrs. L. McCutchen of Campbell) and Mary E. 

Judge Owen's death occurred December 5th, 1889, 
after a residence of about thirty-one years, at Four 
Mile, near Campbell, Dunklin County. 

He was seventy-two years of age and was a success- 
ful practicing physician until a few years before his 
death — having been so long a judge of different courts 
and also being well known as a physician, both the 


title of Doctor and Judge clung to him until his 
death. He was a member of the Masonic fraternity 
and Missionary Bnptist Church. Mrs. Owen is a 
member of the Baptist Church and resides with her 
daughter and son-in-law, Louis McCutchen of Campbell, 
whose picture may be seen among the family of those 
to be found in this volume. She has resided in this 
county for more than fifty years, and is one of the many 
living pioneers who enjoys good health considering 
their old age. She worshiped with the first congre- 
gation who ever worshiped in a church house in 
Dunklin County, in 1846; and her first husband, 
Jonathan Bozart, assisted in building this same house. 
She, like many other pioneer women, came here before 
either the horse-power or steam-power mill, and has 
often ground corn for bread on the little steel hand- 
mill, of which her father's was one of the first 
brought to the county. West Prairie post-office, 
the first in the county, was established after she came 
here, and many are the interesting events she can 
relate about the manner of bringing general supplies 
from Cape Girardeau, Mo. She is a lady whose con- 
versation is always entertaining, and who knows much 
of the past history of Dunklin County. 

William J. Oxley, merchant at Valley Ridge, Mo., 
was born November 11, 1837, and is the son of James 
and Annaretta (Faulkner) Oxley, natives of North 
Carolina. The parents came to Dunklin County in 
1858, where the father died in 1864. William J. 
Oxley, the subject of this sketch, began working for 


himself at the age of eighteen years, and did not come 
to Dunklin County until 1860. In 1861 he was mar- 
ried to Winnie M. Bray, a native of West Tennessee 
and the daughter of Allen Bray (deceased). At the 
breaking out of the Civil War, Mr. Oxley enlisted in 
Jeff. Thompson's regiment for six months, at the 
expiration of which time he removed his family to 
Scott County, Mo., and engaged in the boot and shoe 
business for a time. In 1865 he returned to Dunklin 
County and located near Four Mile. In 1868 he 
removed to his present place of residence, and a few 
years later established and named the post-office of 
Valley Ridge. He first engaged in the grain and 
huckster business, but commenced merchandising 
about 1879. He also bought and improved land, 
making himself a comfortable home. 

His dwelling-house and store and all their con- 
tents were burned on January 28, 1880. This, of 
course, was a severe loss, but he soon resumed busi- 
ness and now has a good local trade and carries a com- 
plete line of general merchandise. The children of 
Mr. and Mrs. Oxley are: A. R., James M. and Addie 
V. The family are members of the Baptist Church. 
Mr. Oxley is a self-made man, as when he was mar- 
ried he could not write his name and did not know one 
figure from another, never having attended school but 
three months in his life. By self-application he was 
soon able to do all his own business, and was post- 
master at Valley Ridge for about ten years. He is 
Republican in politics and one of the best known 
farmers aad merchants on the Ridge. 


Col. David Young Pankey was born August 22cl, 
1832, at Richmond, Va. His parents were Young and 
Rebekah B. Branch-Pankey, natives of Virginia. His 
father was an old soldier in the war of 1812, and his 
maternal grandfather was a colonel in the Revolution- 
ary war. Col. Pankey grew to manhood and was edu- 
cated in Virginia. In 1858 he emigrated to Madrid 


Col. D. Y. Pankey. 

Bend, Tenn., just across the Mississippi River from 
New Madrid, Mo., and in 1859 came on to Dunklin 
County, locating near Clarkton. 

Prior to leaving his native State, Col. Pankey was 
married in 1854 to Miss Sallie B., eldest daughter of 
Paul and Mary E. Jones of Lynchburg, Va. Their 
oldest child was Mary E , wife of Judge T. E. Bald- 
win of Kennett, the second daughter was Sallie B., 
deceased, Mrs. Schruggs of Maiden. They also lost 
by death two other children, Henry Young and Lilian. 


The only living son is David Ballard, cashier of the 
Bank of Kennett. The mother of these children died 
in 1866. 

In 1870, Col. Pankey married Tennessee Miller, 
who also died after having borne him four children, 
all of whom died in infancy. In 1876, Col. Pankey 
took for a third companion Adaline Grigory, daughter 
of Rev. James Grigory of this county. She 
became the mother of Charles, born January 12, 
1877, and Stella, and one infant (deceased). The 
mother of these children also died, leaving Col. 
Pankey a widower for the third time. In 1890, he 
married Mrs. Smith, who is his present wife. 

Col. Pankey is one of the oldest and best known 
pioneers in the county, having taken quite a prominent 
part in the late War of the Rebellion. He was on the 
Southern side, and first went into Capt. Picard's com- 
pany and was elected First Lieutenant. A regiment 
was soon formed of which he was elected Lieutenant 
colonel. At the expiration of his term he re-enlisted 
in the Confederate service. He was in the bombard- 
ments of Fort Pillow, and after the evacuation of that 
place, went to Memphis, Tennessee, and with other 
Missourians was put under Col. Price, and participated 
in many hard skirmishes and conflicts with the enemy. 
Col. Pankey has filled the offices of Magistrate and 
Collector of the Revenue of Dunklin County. He is at 
present a grain dealer, and is a member of a grain 
company at Kennett, which ships hundreds of car loads 
every year. He is a member of the Presbyterian 
Church, and a Democrat in politics. 


D. B. Pankey, cashier of Bank of Kennett, was 
born January 17, 1861, and is a native of Dunklin 
County, Missouri. His parents, Col. D. Y. and Sallie 
B. eJones Pankey were natives of Virginia (see sketch). 
David Ballard Pankey grew to manhood in this 
county, was educated in the common schools of Dun- 
klin County and at Cape Girardeau, Mo. ; he also 
completed the commercial course at the Mound City 
Commercial College, St. Louis, Mo. ; married Miss 
Josie Rayburn, daughter of Maj. W. C. Rayburn, late 
of Clarkton. As Miss Josie Rayburn, Mrs. Pankey 
was one of the leading belles of Clarkton, and is no 
less a leader in the society of Kennett. The children 
of Mr. and Mrs. Pankey are respectively Hugh, Blair 
(deceased), and a baby boy. Mr. Pankey has held a 
number of public and official positions in this county ; 
was appointed to fill the vacancy in the county clerk's 
office caused by the death of C. R. Mills in 1885, and 
elected to the same office in 1886. When the Bank of 
Kennett was organized in January, 1891, he was chosen 
cashier of same and has since held that position; under 
his management the bank had a deposit on Januarj^ 
15, 1896, of $96,956.64. Any eulogy of Mr. Pankey is 
altogether unnecessary, but it is safe to say that 
Kennett is as proud of D. B. Pankey as any man it 
has. He is a member of the 1. O. O. F. and Masonic 
fraternities and both he and Mrs. Pankey are mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian Church. 

William G. Petty, sheriff of Dunklin County, 
was born January 25, 1853, in Hickman County, 


Mr, and Mrs. D. B. Pan key. 



Residence of D. B. Pankey, Kennett. 


John McKay. 

John McKay is the oldest teacher in the county, and 
is a Democrat and a member of the M. E. C. S. He 
has taught school in nearly every district of the 
county, and as a most successful teacher is well and 
favorably known all over the county. 

Virgil McKay and Wife. 


Tennessee. His parents, Milford M. and Nancy 
Petty, were natives of the above mentioned State. 
The father was a farmer and resided in Hickman 
County for over thirty-five years, removing to Dunklin 
County, Mo., in 1882, where he and wife have since 


■^^ #^~ 

W. G. Petty, Sheriff. 

W. G. Petty, the subject of this sketch, grew to 
manhood in his native county and State and immigrated 
to this county in 1874. In 1879 he was married to 
Miss Amanda B. Herrmann, daughter of William 
Herrmann, an early settler of this county, vvho resides 
at Hornersville, but who was for long years a promi 
nent farmer and operator of a cotton gin and grist 
mill near Nesbit, this county. He was also the inventor 
and patentee of one of the first '« cotton cleaners," an 
attachment to the cotton gin. A few years after his 
marriage, Mr. Petty purchased timbered land in Salem 
Township and opened up a farm. In 1887 he pur- 


chased 200 acres of land near Nesbit, about 160 acres 
of which was in cultivation. This is one of the best 
farms in the country. Mr. Petty has farmed the 
greater portion of the time before and since his 
marriage. In 1894 he made the race for sheriff and 
was elected at the November election. In the early 
part of 1895 he removed to Kennett and took charge 
of the jail and sheriff's office, which position he is 
filling to the satisfaction of the general public. Mr. 
and Mrs. Petty are the parents of six children, Harry, 
Curtis, Neel, Bertie, Cohnie and Genie. 

Mr. Petty is a member of the Masonic fraternity 
and Mrs. Petty of the M. E. C. S. 

C. A. Petty, son of M. M. and Nancy Jones- 
Petty, natives of South Carolina, was born Feb. 15, 
1851, in Hickman County, Tenn., where he resided 
until 1874, when he came to Dunklin County. 

In 1876 he joined the I. O. O. F. at Cotton Plant 
and the Masonic order in 1882, and has passed 
through all the chairs of both orders and the Re- 
bekah Degree of I. O. (). F. and is a member of 
the Dunklin Encampment. A Democrat in politics, 
a member of the M. E. C. S., always taking an active 
part in the duties of the societies to which he belongs, 
he has become well and favorably known, being 
recognized as a man of noble principles and unques- 
tionable integrity. 

Mr. Petty first married a Miss Miller in 1873. She 
died in January 1890, having borne him eight children, 
seven of whom are now living. Willie, a young man 


of about 21 years of age, is the eldest. In 1891 Mr. 
Petty took for a wife a Miss Baugus, who died in 1894, 
leaving one child. His present wife was a Miss Latty 
and they were married in January, 1895. 

These ladies were all natives of Tennessee two of 
them from the same county. The present Mrs. Petty 
is a member of the Primitive Baptist Church. 

Mr. Petty is a farmer, owns about 350 acres of good 
land, and resides one mile west of Kennett. 

J. R. Pool. 

John Richard Pool, proprietor of Hotel Card well, 
at Cardwell, Mo., was born May 5, 1845, in Hardin 
County, Tennessee. He is the son of John C. and 
Susan Haggard-Pool, natives of the above county and 
State. The subject of this sketch grew to manhood and 
was educated in the common schools of his native 
county, later taking a course in Bryant & Stratton's 
Commercial College, St. Louis, Mo. August 12, 1866, 
he was married to Barber E. Pearson and they became 


the parents of nine boys and two girls, all yet living. 
Mrs. Pool died July 11, 1889, and Mr. Pool took for 
a second companion, Rebekah J. Thomas on February 
1, 1891. Both ladies were natives of Tennessee, of 
the same county as Mr. Pool. He came to Dunklin 
County in 1880, located on Grand Prairie and was 
subsequently in the merchandising business at Caruth. 
He removed to Buffalo Island in 1891, where he had 
bought a hundred acres of land near the present site 
of Card well. Mr. Pool has helped to start several 
post-offices in this county, *' Hasty," among others; 
this office was lately discontinued in favor of Card well. 
The post-office is now kept in Hotel Cardwell and Mrs. 
Pool, who is of a Democratic turn of mind, has been the 
postmistress under the Cleveland administration. She 
is quite an enterprising and progressive woman. Mr. 
Pool is in politics a Republican, and was the nominee 
of that party for sheriff of this county in 1888. He 
helped to organize the first Republican convention of 
this county and is at present chairman of Buffalo 
Township Committee. He is notary public and 
agent at Cardwell for the Paragould and Southeastern 

Much of the rapid progress of Cardwell is due to 
Mr. Pool's energy ; he has himself built several houses 
in that town and helped to get up an interest in the 
schools of his neighborhood. 

George W. Peck, Mayor of the city of Maiden, 
Mo., was born November 22, 1848, at Madrid, St. 
Lawrence County, New York, and is the son of Burley 


and Sophroniii Fish-Peck. His parents were of 
English descent, their grandparents having crossed the 
ocean •in the year 1735, and settled at Norwich, Con- 
necticut. The subject of this sketch was educated in 
the public schools of his native county and at the St. 
Lawrence Academy at Potsdam, N. Y. He taught in 
the public schools of his county for several years, but 

Geo. W. Peck. 

in 1872 went to Chicago, 111., and was employed in the 
office of the City Railway Co., for some time, return- 
ing to New York in 1875. Still he desired to locate 
in the West, his inclinations being toward the railroad 
business. He learned that a railroad was being con- 
structed from New Madrid, Missouri, in a westerly 
direction and went there in the fall of 1876. He soon 
secured a position on the engineering corps who 
were surveying the new road under Chief Engineer 
Hon. Oscar Kochtitzky, who was also Labor Commis- 
sioner of Missouri during Gov. Marmaduke's adminis- 



tration. George W. Peck assisted in laying out the 
town of Maiden and was afterward railroad and 
land agent of the railroad company until it was 
merged into the Cotton Belt System, when he re- 
signed at once engaging in the grain business, and 
to him belongs the honor of having bought and shipped 
the first car load of grain that ever left Maiden. His 
business has since grown until it is one of the leading 
enterprises of his town and county. It may be said 
that Mr. Peck handles nearly all of the surplus corn, 
etc., raised in the north half of Dunklin County. He 
is also engaged in the real estate business, owns sev- 
eral fine farms, bodies of timbered land, considerable 
town property, building lots, etc. In 1878 he was 
married to Julia A. Hopper, a native of Tennessee. 
They have four children, Wilbur, now a young man 
and a student of Searcy College, Arkansas, Elmer, 
Irene and Chester. Mr. Peck is in politics a Republi- 
can and was the nominee of that party for Repre- 
sentative of this county in 1892. He is at present 
Worshipful Master of the Masonic Lodge of Maiden, 
President of the Board of Trustees of the Maiden 
Public School, has been a member of the City Council 
for twelve years and is Mayor of his city. He is one 
of those men whom Democrats say have but one fault, 
that of voting the Republican ticket. Nevertheless 
Maiden is as proud of George W. Peck as any man 
it has. 

Hon. D. C. Pollock was born in Obine County, 
Tenn., June 18, 1839. Was reared from four years of 


age in Lake County, Tenn.,antl when the war came on, 
went in the army with the Madrid Bend Guards, and 
was attached to the 15th Tennessee Regiment under 
Col. Counol. In 1872 he came to the State of 
Missouri and resided in New Madrid County for about 
ten years, then came to Dunklin County. He was 
educated in the common schools of Lake County 

Hon. D. C. Pollock. 

Tenn., and studied medicine under Dr. Theodore 
Case. Attended lectures at Memphis, Tenn., and has 
practiced in the medical profession twenty-three 
years. Dr. Pollock was elected to the State Legisla- 
ture from Dunklin County in 1894, which office he 
is now filling. He with his family reside at the new 
town of Cardwell. He is Democratic in politics and 
popular among the masses of the people. 

Moore M. Eayburn was born September 8, 1843, 
in Mississippi, and is the son of Maj. W. C. and 
Melissa J. Malone Ray burn, natives of Alabama and 


Mississippi respectively. The parents came to Missouri 
in 1865, and located near Clarkton, Dunklin County. 
Maj. Rayburn was always much interested in the 
schools, churches and public affairs of the county and 
was surveyor for a number of years. He resided in 
Clay County, Arkansas, from 1857 until the time of 

Moore M. Rayburx. 

his corainp; to this county just after the close of the 

His son, Moore M. Ray burn, grew to manhood in 
Arkansas, and in 1862 enlisted in the Confederate 
Army, in Col. Hart's regiment of Arkansas Infantry, 
and served until the close of the war. He was in the 
battles of Pleasant Grove, Mansfield, and Pleasant Hill. 
At the close of the war he returned home and came to 
this county with his parents. 

He has held the office of Sheriff and Collector of 
Dunklin County four years, since which time he has 
devoted himself to farming and stock-raising. In 


1866 he married Fannie Ake, who died in 1882, having 
become the mother of six children. 

In 1882 he married Miss L. E. Giles, by whom he 
also has several children. 

Mr. Kayburn is a member of the Masonic fraternity 
and of the I. O. O. F. and is a well-known and much 
respected citizen. 

F. Joe Rice. 

F. Joe Kice, Collector of Dunklin County, is a 
native of this county, born December 3, 1859. He is 
the son of Hon. David Rice of this county and was 
educated in the common schools of Dunklin County 
and at the Southeast Normal of Cape Girardeau. 
Married Miss Minnie L. Fleer, of Franklin County, 
Missouri, on Nov. 5, 1882. She died June 23, 1884, 
having become the mother of one.child, who died in 
infancy. August, 1895, he married Miss Katie Fleer. 
To this marriage two children have been born, Vessie, 
August 2, 1891, and Hubert M., born June 4, 1884. 


Mr. Rice taught school for a few years, but was elected 
to the office of Treasurer of Dunklin County in 1884. 
In 1886 he was elected to the Legislature and in 1894 
to the office of Collector. His political career has at- 
tracted more attention than any other man's in the 
history of the county, and he makes staunch friends 
and bitter enemies. He is a Democrat in politics, and 
both he and Mrs. Rice are members of the M. E. C. S. 

Hon. David Rice was born in Henry County, Ten- 
nessee, March 20, 1837. His parents, James P. and 
Casenclaney Hearn-Rice, were of French and English 
descent. The subject of this sketch is a pioneer of 
Dunklin County, having arrived here February 14th, 
1853. He located northwest of Campbell, Missouri, 
where he married Jane Himmel, a native of Tennessee, 
May 6th, 1856. They have never lost a child by 
death but all of their children, live in number, are liv- 
ing and residing in this county. Their only daughter, 
Luretta, is the wife of John B. Cook, a merchant of 
Kennett; their sons are F.Joe, who has represented this 
county in the Legislature and is now Collector of same, 
NedN., a merchant of Kennett, and Van B. and 
Jimmer E., who are both prominent farmers. Mr. 
Rice has resided near Vincit for many years and has 
devoted most of his life to farming and stock raising. 
He owns 165 acres of good land, with large orchard, 
good house and outbuildings. Mr. Rice has also 
quite an extensive record in public life. In 1860 he 
was elected to the office of Assessor and served until 
the breaking out of the Civil War. From 1872 to 



1876 he was Public Administrator, and in 1876 was 
elected to represent this county in the State Legisla- 
ture. He is a Democrat in politics. 

N. N. Rice was born September 1, 1867, in Inde- 
pendence Township, on the Old Rice farm, seven miles 
south of Kennett, Dunklin County, Mo. Here he 

Hon. David Rice. 

N. N. Rice. 

grew to manhood, laboring on the farm and enjoying 
the privilege of the country school only, until 1885, 
when he attended the Southeast Normal School at 
Cape Girardeau, Mo. He returned to this school in 
1887, but soon decided to take a business course 
instead of the course at the Normal. He entered the 
Central Business College at Sedalia, Mo., and on 
completing the course returned home and began work 
as salesman for T. E. Baldwin & Co. of Kennett. 
In 1889 he commenced business for himself at Vincit, 


Mo., and in 1891 moved his mercantile business to 
Kennett. The firm of N. N. Kice & Co. deal in 
fancy and staple groceries, farm machinery, hard- 
ware, stoves, tinware and sporting goods. They are 
also large shippers of fish, game, poultry, egg^, etc. 
N. N. Rice was married August, 1890, to Dora 
Beidlee, of Rector, Arkansas. Their son Bland is two 
years of age. Mr. Rice is Democratic in politics. 

Pascal Rice is, excepting Mrs. V. Horner, the oldest 
citizen in the county. Mr. Rice is in years older than 
Mrs. Horner. But his father, Abija Rice, did not 
bring his son when he first came into the county with 
Mr. Braunm, but later in the same year, 1830, so they 
have been in the county about sixty-five years. Mr. 
Rice thinks he was born in 1818, and is therefore 
about seventy-seven years of age. He has been to 
Indian war dances and was well acquainted with Chil- 
letacaux, Cornmeal, Moonshine, Chickolee and many 
other Indians who used to live in this county. He 
also resides near Hornersville. 

Louis Riggs, of the firm of L. Riggs & Co. , hardware, 
Kennett, Missouri, was born May 18, 1862, in Fred- 
ericktown. Mo. He is the son of A. and Fannie E. 
Gabriel-Riggs, natives of Indiana and North Carolina, 
respectively. They were, however, early settlers of 
Fredericktown, Mo., and Mr. Riggs was, until his 
death on August 26, 1882, proprietor of the A. Riggs 
hardware store of that place. On the death of his 
father L. Ris^gs took charge of the business. He ran 


the same in Fredericktown until March, 1892, when 
the blight prospects of Kennett, Mo., tempted him to 
remove to that phice and establish the present firm of L. 
Riggs & Co., hardware dealers. Mr. Riggs has identi- 
fied himself with the people of this county by bringing 
his mother and sister, Miss Hattie, to Kennett to reside, 
and by marrying a Dunklin County girl. Miss Anna 
L. Jones, of Nesbit, on September 19, 1895. 

Both Mr. Riggs and his partner in business, Mr. 
Charles Lanpher, have proved themselves to be enter- 
prising business men, and are always ready to do 
anything or assist any enterprise that will stimulate 
the growth of their adopted town, and are the kind of 
young men that Dunklin County likes to Avelcome. 

Thomas B. Reeves, born February 26, 1819, is the 
son of William T. and Michal (Hoskins) Reeves, 
natives of Virginia. T. B. Reeves, the subject of this 
sketch, was married to Miss Louisa E. Ford, a native 
of Tennessee, in 1848. Mr. and Mrs. Reeves came 
to Dunklin County in 1859, and located at Clarkton, 
but in 1880 they settled in Maiden, where they now 

Their oldest child, Michal E., born June 28, 1849, 
married James M. Corder, and died February 8, 
1876, leaving three children, Mattie B. (Mrs. Utley), 
Nannie C. (Mrs. Hampton), and Luther E. 

The first son, William Wilson, born January 18, 
1851, married Rachel E. Nunley, and William Timothy 
and Walter G. are the children of this marriage, now 
living.. His first wife having died, Mr. W. W. Reevea 


married Belle Marshall, who has become the mother 
of Decatur F., Michal E., Leonard L., Jennie C, 
Fred, and one infant. 

Lou A., second daughter of Mr. and Mrs. T. B. 
Reeves, was born September 18, 1853, and married 
John W. Stephens. By this marriage she has one son, 

T. B. Reeves and Wife. 

Herbert N., who married Belle Kedy, and now resides 
in Maiden. 

Mrs. Stephens lost by death Elizabeth E., born 
June 3, 1872, Lara M., born December 26, 1873, 
and William T., born February 1, 1875. But the 
fifth child is a bright young miss in Minnie L 

After the death of her first husband, Mrs. Stephens 
married Charles F. Moore (see sketch elsewhere) and 
their two sons, Edgar A., born December 18, 1883, 


and Arlhur B., born October 20, 1887, are both 

Mr. and Mrs. T. B. Reeves have two sons dead. 
Thomas P., born February 2, 1856, and Luther E., 
born February 6, 1858; John H., born November 8, 
1860, and James L., born September 13, 1863. 
With William W. are now living in Texas John H., 
married Mary E. Twittie and became the father of 
Wilbur B. Raymond, Ola E. Hurburt, and one infant, 
James L. married Alice E. Wood and their children 
are Lola P. and Joe Amous. 

The pictures accompanying this sketch represent the 
faces of a couple who have lived in Dunklin County 
for nearly forty years and who have thirty-one grand- 
children and thirteen great-grandchildren. 

They are both consistent members of the Baptist 

Uncle Tommie,ashe is affectionately called, owned 
and occupied one of the first business houses in Maiden 
but has been principally a farmer. He and his son 
W. W. are both charter members of Cotton Hill 
Lodge, I. O. O. F. 

Mr. Reeves and all of his sons are Democrats in 

Major Willie Ray and wife, Dunklin County's 
little people, are known all over the county. Major 
Ray as the Missouri Midget. He was born in Perry 
County, Tennessee, April 22, 1860, and is the son of 
J. M. Ray and Mary (Wade) Ray, both natives of 
Tennessee. The parents, who were ordinary-sized 


people, removed to Dunklin County, Missouri, January 
1, 1870. The Major was educated in the common 
schools of this county, and was first exhibited as a 
midget in 1881. 

In 1886 he made his first enojagement with Sells 
Brothers' show, and has traveled with them every 

-•5s.-:e-&,5«S ■%»;- r ■i^i.^'- :Si^.J^.-.f ~t i.- > „* vv. 

Major and Mrs. Ray. 

season since. Married in Yates Center, Kansas, to 
Miss Jennie Meadows, February 6, 1891. 

Their home is near Caldwell, Dunklin County, 
Missouri, where they own 160 acres of fine land which 
is being rapidly converted into a beautiful home. 
Major Ray is a member of the I. O. O. F. and Bap- 
tist Church. 


Mrs. Jennie Meadows-Ray is a native of Franklin 
County, Illinois. Born March 16, 1871, and is the 
eldest child of L. F. Meadows and J. C. (Kaar) 
Meadows, both natives of Tennessee, but married and 
reared in Franklin County, Illinois. They removed 
to Woodson County, Kansas, in 1885. Since her 
marriage Mrs. Ray has traveled regularly with Sells 
Brothers' show ; is a member of the Rebekah degree 
of I. O. O. F. and M. E. C. S. The little lady is 37 1-2 
inches high, weighs 38 pounds, and is 28 inches bust, 
and 16 inches waist measurement. She wears a shoe 
the size of a child's No. 7 and a number four glove. 

The Major is purely honorary, but is never omitted 
from the little man's name. He is 36 inches high, 
weighs 38 pounds and his shoe is one size larger 
than his wife's. Major Ray and wife are the smallest 
married people in the world, and are the shortest, best 
formed, and intelligent midgets exhibited in either 
America or the Eastern Continent. 

William R. Satterfield, of the firm of Baird, 
Satterfield &> Co., Senath, is a native of this county 
and the son of Wm. M. and Hattie F. Douglas 
Satterfield. William R. Satterfield is an out-and-out 
Dunklin County man, having attained his growth 
and most of his education in this county. In 
1894, he took a partnership in the above mentioned 
firm and is at present a promising young busi- 
ness man. The father, William M. Satterfield, was 
the founder of Caruth post-village in this county and 
was born January 19, 1833, in Kent County, Del. 


Mr. Satterfield was principally reared in Mercer 
County, Penn., but completed his education in the 
common schools and Arcadia College of his native 
county and State. He came to this county and en- 
gaged in the mercantile business at Hornersville as 
early as 1857. In 1860, he was married to Melinda 
Horner, a native of Dunklin County. This wife died 
October 14, 1862. At the beginnino: of the Civil 
War, Mr. Satterfield enlisted in the Confederate 
Army, First Missouri State Guards, under Col. 
Walker, and in the Second Missouri Cavalry Regi- 
ment, serving until the close of the war. He was 
paroled at Memphis and returned to this county 
in the fall of 1865. His marriage to Hattie F. 
Douglass, daughter of A. T. and Elizabeth Mott- 
Douglass, took place on January 7, 1866. Wm. R., 
and Jennie and Maggie (twins) are the children of this 
marriage living. In 1870 Mr. Satterfield engaged in 
the ginning business and was also in the mercantile 
business at Cotton Plant for several years. In 1881 
he removed to Caruth and continued in the mercantile 
business as has been stated in the sketch on that post- 
village. He operated a cotton seed huller, gin, general 
store and was postmaster at that place. 

He was a man who took great interest in the public 
schools and in the general advancement of the county. 
He was a member of the Masonic fraternity, and Mrs. 
Satterfield, who resides in Cape Girardeau, Mo., is a 
consistent member of the Missionary Baptist Church. 
Wm. R. Satterfield is like his father was during his 
life, a Democrat in politics. 


T. C. Stokes, merchant, of Maiden, Mo., was born 
in Cape Girardeau County, Mo., August 9, 1847, and 
is the son of John H. and Lucretia (Childs) Stokes, 
who were born in Ireland and Massachusetts respec- 
tively ; they came to Missouri in an early day and 
located in Cape Girardeau County. 

The father was one of the early merchants of Cape 
Girardeau and removed to Dunklin County in 1861 
and followed farming and merchandising until his 
death in 1876. He was judge of the Clarkton Com- 
mon Pleas and Probate Court for several years. 

T. C. Stokes, the subject of this sketch, grew to 
manhood in Cape Girardeau County, and was educated 
in the schools of Cape Girardeau City. 

He was one of the early merchants of Clarkton and 
has followed the mercantile business almost con- 
tinuously since 1872. 

Mr. Stokes removed his mercantile business to 
Maiden, Mo., several years ago, and is now one of the 
most successful merchants of that town. 

The firm name is T. C. Stokes & Co., and includes 
some of the younger members of the Stokes family. 
This firm carries a splendid line of the best general 
merchandise, and occupies one of the finest buildings 
in Maiden. 

The gentlemen of the Stokes family are among 
the best known and most successful business men in 
this county. 

Mr. Stokes was united in marriage to Miss Melissa 
Rayburn in September, 1868. She was a daughter of 
Maj. W. C. Rayburn (deceased). 



SFie bore him two children, Roxie Rayburn and 
Alma (see sketch) and died March, 1872. 

In 1878, Mr. Stokes married his present wife, a 
Miss Virginia Coggashall, a native of Louisiana, who 
has also become the mother of several children. 

Mr. and Mrs. Stokes are members of the Cumber- 
land Presbyterian Church. Mr. Stokes is in politics a 
Democrat and is a member of the I. O. O. F. and 
Masonic fraternities. 

W. F. Shelton, senior member of the firm of W. 
F. Shelton, Jr. & Co., Kennett, Mo., was born June 
4, 1838, in Perry County, Mo. He is the son of 
Enoch and Tabitha Brown-Shelton, natives of North 

The parents were early settlers of Tennessee, but 
removed from that State to Cape Girardeau, Mo., in 
1843, and came on to Dunklin County in 1846, where 
he died two years later. William F. Shelton, the sub- 
ject of this sketch, was reared in Dunklin County, re- 
ceived only a common school education and worked 
on the farm until he attained to the years of maturity. 

In 1861, when Gov. Jackson called for State troops, 
he enlisted in the militia and served six months in 
the State Guards. 

He then farmed for a short time and run a small 
business at Hornersville, and about 1865 begun 
merchandising at Kennett, Mo., where he has since 
remained, his business growing with the town and 

He is the oldest merchant in Kennett and in Dunklin 

History op dunklin county, mo. 257 

County and is consideied the wealthiest man ; he is, 
however, a man of small pretensions and makes no 
display of wealth about his home or person. But his 
business house in Kennett is one of the best in South- 
east Missouri and his stock of general merchandise is 
large and complete. 

The Shelton firm has always done an extensive bus- 
iness in Kennett, but the fall of 1895 has been the 
busiest season for many years. W. F. Shelton, Jr. 
& Co., buy all kinds of produce and usually ship from 
800 to 3,000 bales of cotton each season ; this is, 
however, only a liberal portion of Dunklin County 
crop, which runs from 6,000 to 20,000 bales per season. 
Mr. Shelton has since reaching manhood been prom- 
inently connected with the financial, political and pub- 
lic affairs of the county. He held the office of 
Treasurer of Dunklin County for a period of eight 

He is a self-made man, started in business with a 
small capital and a limited education and with no 
better opportunities to make a fortune than other early 
settlers of this county, but being an energetic business 
man and a shrewd financier he has been exceptionally 
successful. His orphan nephews, W. Frank and Lee 
Shelton, whom he has reared and educated, are pre- 
sumably tlie other members of the firm. They are 
young men of promise and business ability. 

Mr. Shelton has never married and he has for years 
had Mr. and Mrs. Witham and amiable daughters, 
Miss Mary and Laura, as managers of his home. He 
is a Democrat and leader in political affairs and is the 



chairman of the Democratic Central Committee of 
Dunklin County. 

James F. Smyth, Treasurer of Dunklin County, was 
born March 22, 1864, in Dunklin County, Mo. The 
parents, James A. Smyth and L. Minerva Jones, were 
married in Dunklin County in 1856, but were both 

James F. Smyth. 

born and reared in Tennessee. The father came to 
Dunklin County when quite a young man entered land 
and farmed in summer and hunted during the winter 

He hunted about twenty-seven winters and often 
made as high as $700 or $800 in one season. In 1876, 
Mr. Smyth moved to Piedmont, Wayne County, Mo., 
to educate his children, and there died May 6, 1877. 
The family remained there until January 12, 1878, 
when they returned to Dunklin County where the 
mother died August 10, 1887. James F. Smyth 


grew to manhood in this county and received u good 
education in the common schools and in the Piedmont 
High School. He remained with his mother on the 
farm near Cotton Plant until he reached his majority, 
when he took a position in the store of Judge Langdon 
at Cotton Plant. In 1886, he and his brother-in-law, 
W. J. Davis, formed a partnership under the firm 
name of Davis & Smyth and did a general mercantile 
business at Hornersville for a few years. He subse- 
quently sold out his interest to his partner and later 
opened a general store at Nesbit, this county, and in 
1895 removed this to Caruthersville, Mo., where W. J. 
Davis is now manager of same. 

At the general election in 1894 Mr. Smyth was 
elected to the office of Treasurer of Dunklin County; 
he soon afterwards removed to Kennett, where he now 

In September, 1887, he was married to Miss Kate 
Argo, a native of Tennessee, but a resident of Texas 
from 1880 until 1886, when she removed to Dunklin 

To this union have been born four children: Eddie 
Argo, Maud, Roger Q. and Ruth. Mrs. Smyth is a 
member of the Baptist Church and Mr. Smyth is a 
Democrat in politics and a member of the I. O. O. F. 

C. B. ScHULTZ, an early merchant of Hornersville, 
was born in 1827, in Weekly County, Tennessee, 
and was the son of David Weekly and Mary McClane- 
Schullz, natives of the above-mentioned State. C. B. 
Schullz, the subject of this sketch, came to Dunklin 


County about 1835, and located with his father's 
family near Hornersville. 

In 1852 he married Miss Mary Duneway, of French 
descent, and a native of New Madrid County, Missouri. 
She bore him four children, Margaret, John Linamood, 
Mary, and one infant, all deceased, and Mrs. Schultz 
ako died in 1861. In 1862, Mr. Schultz took for a 

C. B. Schultz. 

second companion, Mrs. Amanda E. Diineway-Horner, 
a sister of the first wife, and a native of same county 
and State. The children of C. B. and Amanda 
Schultz are, Joe Shelby (deceased), Sidney A. (Mrs. 
Clem Edmonston), Bedford E. (deceased), Hettie 
(deceased), Mary E. (deceased), Emma Ida (Mrs. 
James Wilford), and Ella (Mrs. Jordan of Kennett). 
Mrs. Schultz reared one child by her first marriage, 
Elniira Horner (Mrs. Benn Vardell), who, by the 
expressed wish of Mr. Schultz, shares equally in his 
estate with his owu children. 


Mr. Schultz was in some things a very remarkable 
man, being reared in this county when schools and 
educational advantages were very meager indeed, 
and when he reached young manhood he could neither 
read nor write and did not know one letter from an- 
other. Nothing daunted, however, he formed a part- 
nership with W. M. Harkey under the firm name of 
Harkey & Schultz, which was in a few years one of the 
leading and wealthiest firms in the county. 

By close application he soon learned to write his 
name and to look after the financial affairs of the firm, 
and while Mr. Harkey was the salesman Mr. Schultz 
was the financial manager. After the dissolution of this 
firm Mr. Schultz ran a business in his own name and 
alone, which continued to gain in finance and popu- 
larity until his death in 1883. His estate was at that 
time worth something over $100,000. He was a man 
who always stood by a friend and openly opposed an 
enemy and while he was not a member of any church 
he was a good man in his own w^ay and a staunch Dem- 
ocrat in politics. 

Mrs. Schultz was a member of the M. E. C. S. and 
her death occurred in Kennett, in the year 1894. 

. James F. Tatum, of the firm of Tatum Bros., 
.Kennett, Mo., was born January 5, 1850, in Howard 
County, Missouri, and is the son of A. C. and Susan 
Franklin-Tatum, natives of Virginia and Kentucky, 
but early settlers of Howard County, Mo. James F. 
Tatum was reared on a farm and educated in the 
common schools of Howard County, where he lived 


until after he had attained his majority. He soon after- 
wards came to Dunklin County and the present firm of 
which he is the senior member was established in 

The way this firm has grown in its business and its 
immense sales this past fall and winter of 1895-96, 
is sufficient evidence of the ability and integrity of 

James F. Tatum. 

its members, having sold mure goods in the past 
six months than ever before in a like period of time. 
This firm keeps on hand a fresh well-selected line of 
general merchandise, including the newest styles of 
fancy and staple dry goods, clothing, boots, shoes, 
hats, caps, groceries, farm implements and in fact 
almost everything wanted by either the farmer or 
townsman. Their store is as nice as any to be 


found outside of a city, in fact the Tatum Block would . 
be an honor to any town of 10,000 inhabitants. 

James F. Tatum was united in marriage to Miss 
Lillie Braggs, June 27, 1877. She is a daughter of 
Capt. William G. Braggs (deceased), who was an 
early settler of this county. Mrs. Tatum is one of the 
early leaders in the society of Kennett and a worker in 
the Ladies Christian Aid and other societies. Mr. 
and Mrs. Tatum have six children : Richard, Frank, 
Ira, John, Susie and Burnie, and one of the nicest 
homes in Kennett. Mr. Tatum is a member of the 
I. O. O. F. and Masonic fraternities and Mrs. Tatum 
is a member of the Christian Church. In politics Mr. 
Tatum is a Democrat and wields considerable influence 
for his political favorites. He is undoubtedly one of 
the shrewdest business men in Dunklin County. 

L. P. Tatum, of the firm of Tatum Bros., Kennett, 
Mo., was born January 3, 1863, in Howard Countjs 
Mo. He is the son of A. C. and Susan Franklin- 
Tatum, natives of Virginia and Kentucky respectively. 
The father grew to manhood in his native State, but 
emigrated to Missouri when a young man, where he 
found and wedded the lady of his choice, who had 
preceded him several years, her parents being early 
settlers of Howard County. Mr. and Mrs. Tatum 
purchased land and located near Fayette, where they 
reared their family. 

L. P. Tatum came to Dunklin County when scarcely 
more than a lad and for a short time did business on 
his own account, but in 1883 the present firm of 



Tatuin Bros., general merchants, was established, 
since which time their business has steadily grown 
with the town and county until they now own one of 
the best business houses and run one of the largest 
and finest general stores in Dunklin County. 

L. P. Tatum and Wife. 

L. P. Tatum was married in September, 1893, to 
Miss Sallie M. Baldwin, daughter of Judge T. E. and 
Mary E. Pankey-Baldwin, of Kennett, Mo. Mrs. 
Tatum was born, reared and educated in Dunklin 
County, with the exception of the finishing course 
from the Synod ical Female College, Fulton, Mo. As 
Miss Sallie Baldwin she was a leading belle of 
Kennett, and she has lost none of her attractions as 
Mrs. Tatum. 

J. P. Tribble, attorney at law, Kennett, Mo., was 
born in Oregon County, Missouri, on February 1, 
1^63. Educated in common schools and Alton 


Academy. Was admitted to the bar February 28, 
1884, in his native county and removed to Dunklin 
County in 1887, where he has since been engaged in 
the practice of hiw. He has never held nor asked for 
any office but has for several years been Clerk of the 
Probate Court. Real estate law is his specialty. He 
is a member of Pioneer Lodge No. 165, I. O. O. F., 
and a charter member of the Dunklin Encampment at 
Kennett. Married February 16, 1888, to Miss Annie 
Blackvvell of Mill Springs, Mo. They now have two 
children. Mrs. Tribble is a member of Helena Lodge 
No. 37, Daughters of Rebekah, I. O. O.F.,and of the 
Missionary Baptist Church. 

John Turner, pioneer blacksmith of this county, 
was born September 1, 1835, in Perry County, Ten- 
nessee. He is the son of Samuel and Jeriicia Champ- 
Turner. He came to this county in 1850, and was 
married June 28, 1855,to Adaline S. Jones, daughter of 
Joseph and Phoebe Sanders-Jones, natives of Virginia 
and Tennessee, but pioneers of Dunklin County, 
coming here and locating on Grand Prairie, in 1854. 
Adaline S. Jones-Turner is a native of Tennessee, born 
July 14, 1836. 

After their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Turner lived on 
Horse Island for a few years, when they purchased and 
settled on their present home near Nesbit post-office. 
'* Uncle John Turner," as he is familiarly called, is the 
oldest blacksmith of pioneer days living in the county. 

During a residence of forty-five years in Dunklin 
County he has been almost constantly in his smithy 


near his residence, and although he is sixty years of 
age he may be seen almost every day, still hard at 
work. While ho is past the necessity of such labor he 
yet continues it, and Aunt Adaline is equally vigilant 
in her labors. They have presented each of their 
children with eighty acres of good land and re- 

JonN Turner and Wife. 

tained a home for themselves. Seven children have 
been born to them, Mary E., deceased, William T., 
Martha A., Mrs. Burns, Louisa S., Mrs. Kidge, Fran- 
ces L., Mrs. Barham, Sarah D., Mrs. Joe Hutchins, 
and Minnie B., deceased. They have eighteen grand- 
children living and have lost eight by death. 

Besides his work in the shop Mr. Turner has done 
much work on the farm in the regular sowing and 


harvesting of crops and also in clearing his farms of 
heavy timber. Their home is one of the finest around 
Nesbit, Mrs. Turner's yard and orchard are noted for 
lovely flowers and luscious fruits, of which she is espe- 
cially fond. She is an old-fashioned house and home- 
keeper and can weave anything, from a pair of sus- 
penders to a bed blanket or '* Rising Sun " coverlet, 
but has not made any cloth for a number of years. 

Mr. Turner is a Democrat in politics and Mrs. Tur- 
ner is of the Baptist faith. 

Hon. James Peter Walker was born in Lauder- 
dale County, Tennessee, on March 14th, 1851. His 
death occurred at 2 o'clock, Saturday, July 19, 1890, 
at his home in Dexter, Missouri. May 12th, 1875, he 
married Miss Eva M. Bragg, daughter of Captain W. 
G. Bragg of Kennett, Missouri. She is a native of 
Missouri and practically a Dunklin County lady, for-she 
came here when a small child and was reared prin- 
cipally, educated and married, in this county. She 
survives her late husband, has returned to her old 
childhood home in Kennett, Mo., and is certainly a 
most estimable lady. She is, as was also her husband, 
a member of the M. E. C. S. Mr, Walker was a 
Democrat in politics. It will be noticed that Hon. 
James P. Walker was neither a native of this county 
nor a resident of it at the time of his death, and yet 
it is highly fitting that a mention of him should be 
made in this attempt of a history of Dunklin County. 

He came to this county when but sixteen years of 
age and worked manfully and laboriously for the 



support of his mother and young sister. Before he 
was eighteen years of age he had established himself 
in the general mercantile business at Kennett. 
He resided here several years, married a Dunklin 
County girl and at the time of his death was a mem* 
ber of the House of Kepresentatives from this, the 
Fourteenth Conofressional District of Missouri. Dun- 

HoN. James P, Walker and Wife. 

klin County claimed him as her own. This is not a 
wonder, for any county might be and would he proud 
to claim a man like James P. Walker. 

His almost tragic death was a sad blow to the people 
of Dunklin County, for on the very day and almost at 
the very hour on which the Democratic convention of 
this county met and instructed its delegates to go to 
the Congressional Convention at Poplar Bluff, Missouri, 
and vote for James P. Walker as Dunklin County's 
choice for the nomination preceding the election, and 
to do all in their power to re-elect Mr. Walker to the 


position which he then held ; at a time when the masses 
of the people of this coanty were ready to go into roar- 
ing applause at the slightest mention of their favorite, 
a dispatch benumbed them like a current of electri- 
city, by announcing the death of the man who was the 
best loved by Dunklin County of any man who ever 
represented it in the House of Representatives. 

The many sincere and beautiful eulogies passed 
upon Mr. Walker by Hon. J. J. Russell at the Poplar 
Bluff convention just after his death, and by his for- 
mer colleagues in the second session of the Fifty-tirst 
Congress in Washington, D. C, simply voice the 
sentiments of the people of this county, and in fact 
all who knew him. 

I give here a few extracts from the memorial 
address on Mr. Walker's life and character delivered 
in the House of Representatives, January 10, 1891. 

Mr. Whitelaw, of Missouri, said : — 

<*It may properly be said of him that, by his own 
indomitable pluck and energy he transformed him- 
self from a poor plowboy in the cornfield, from a 
hewer of wood and a drawer of water, to the highest 
political position within the gift of his people. 

*' At the age of fourteen he secured a position in a 
country store in Tennessee, where by hard labor and 
rigid economy he earned a living for himself and 
assisted in supporting a widowed mother and young 
sisters. In 1867 he moved to Missouri, taking his 
mother and family with him and settled near Kennett, 
in Dunklin County. He cleared land and worked in 
the fields the first year after moving to Missouri ; but 
seeing a good opening for a general store at Kennett, 
and having the assistance of his former employer in 


Tennessee he established himself in business at that 

*< From this small beginning, Mr. Walker in the 
course of a few years gradually advanced in his 
business until he became a large dealer in grain, in 
which he was interested at the time of his death. 

*• In 1880 he was elected a delegate to the Cincinnati 
convention. In 1888 he was elected a member of the 
State Democratic Committee. In 1884 Mr. Walker 
became a candidate for Congress, and was defeated 
for the nomination by Hon. William Dawson after two 
conventions had been held and hundreds of ballots 

** In 1886 he again became a candidate, received 
the nomination, and was elected at the polls by an 
overwhelming majority. 

*'In 1888 he was honored by the people of his district 
by being renominated without opposition and re- 
elected by an increased majority. 

*' No better eulogy could be passed upon him than 
the resolutions of respect adopted by the citizens of 
his own city. Dexter, Mo., in which it was said : 

'* * The life of James P. Walker is a fit commentary 
on our Government and its possibilities in developing 
men ; and in the purity of his character, in determi- 
nation of purpose, in his fidelity to every duty, every 
trust, every friend, his example is commended to the 
youths of our land. Without the allurements of 
wealth, or the training of college, without friends in 
high places to lift him up, he rose by the strength in 
his own manhood, the energy of his own purpose, in 
the moral rectitude of his own life to the highest 
political honors. 

** ' Twice called to represent his people in the Halls 
of Congress, he was still one of the people, loved and 
honored by them, and ever faithful to the trust reposed 
in him/ '* 


Mr. Vest, of Missouri, said: — 

** In public life he followed great principles, and 
was not an importunate mendicant for popular 
applause. He fell like a stricken soldier on the field, 
his banner full hisfh advanced and his face to the foe." 


Judge James M. Waltrip was born December 28, 
1837, in Daviess County, Kentucky, and is the son of 
James and Martha (Biven) Waltrip, natives of the 
above mentioned State. The father was a farmer and 
also held the office of justice of the peace in Daviess 
County, Ky., for sixteen consecutive years; his death 
occurred in 1871. When a lad of nineteen years 
James M. Waltrip came to Dunklin County with his 
Uncle, Stephen P. Waltrip, landing where the town 
of Clarkton now stands, November 13, 1856. For 
three years he worked with his uncle, and helped 
make some of the first brick ever made in this county. 
In 1859 he accepted a position as clerk in the general 
store of John H. Stokes. The store stood on the 
present site of Clarkton, but it appears that the little 
post-office was first known as Bach, then Beech Grove, 
and after the pole road was built was given the name 
of Clarkton. (See photo, p. 282.) 

On the breaking out of the Civil War all the stores 
were necessarily closed, thus ending his clerkship. 
Judge Waltrip has been three times married. First 
on August 5, 1860, to Miss Lucy K. White, daughter 
of the late E. C. White, of this county ; Mrs. Waltrip 
was a native of Obine County, Tenn. ; she died in 1865, 
leaving three daughters : Mollie (Mrs. Penny), Augusta 


(Mrs. C. p. Hawkins). March 26, 1866, Judge Wal- 
trip took for a second companion Pjiscilla. A. Kirk- 
patrick, daugiiter of John D. Kirkpatrick (deceased). 
She was also a native of Tennessee, and became the 
mother of the following children : John, William, Vara, 
Henrietta, Adelia, Ray and Mamie (see pictures of 
Vara arid Henrietta on another page). Miss Vara is 
one of Dunklin County's promising young teachers 
and this year holds a position in the Maiden School. 

After the death of his second wife Judge Waltrip 
was married to Mrs. Amelia Whitson, daughter of the 
late Sylvester Young, December 11, 1892. Mrs. 
Waltrip is one of the leaders in the society of Clarkton 
and a most estimable lady. Judge Waltrip has quite 
an extensive official career in this county. Shortly 
after the Civil War he was appointed Constable 
of Freebourn Township, and Deputy Sheriff of Dun- 
klin County. These positions he held until 1871 , when 
he was elected to the office of Assessor, serving in this 
capacity two years. He also about this time engaged 
in the mercantile business at Clarkton, but sold out in 
1880 and moved to Arkansas, and in October of the 
same year returned to Dunklin County. 

In April, 1885, he again decided to leave.the county 
and this time took his family to Northwest Texas. 
He soon became dissatisfied, however, and in July of 
the same year returned to his old home in this county 
and again engaojed in the mercantile business, in 
which business he is now engaged at Clarkton. He 
keeps a full and complete line of general merchandise 
and has a substantial and thriving business. Judge 


Waltrip has been twice elected District Judge, and 
once Presiding Judge of the County Court. He is well 
posted on the official matters of the county and is well 
and favorably known. both as an official and a business 
man. He is a Democrat in politics, a member of 
the Masonic fraternity, and the family are of the 
Missionary Baptist faith. 

Judge Thomas Waltrip. 

Thomas Waltrip, present Judge of the First District 
of Dunklin County, was born March 8, 1844, in Davis 
County, Kentucky. He is the son of John and Eliza- 
beth Downs-Waltrip, natives of the above mentioned 
State. Judge Waltrip came to this county August, 
1873, he having previously married Jane E. Harrison 
of Kentucky, on October 25, 1866. The children of 
this marriage now living are Dollie, Mrs. Engelhardt, 
John T., Callie, Nannie B., and Nellie V., and they 
lost four children by death. 



Mrs. Waltrip died March 24, 1891. April 11, 1893, 
Jadge Waltrip took for a second companion Mrs. 
Luella Jones. Their only child, little Artie, recently 
died, age 11 months. 

He owns 160 acres of good land and has given most 
of his time to farming interests. He was elected to his 
present official position in November, 1894, and is 
fillino^ same with general satisfaction. He is Demo- 
cratic in politics, and his present wife, as was also 
his first wife, is a consistent member of the Cumber- 
land Presbyterian Church. 

W. J. Ward, of the Ward, Shelton & Co. Steam 
Corn Shelling Company, Kennett, Mo., was born 
May 30, 1860 ; is a native of Tennessee, and the son 
of Daniel and Dilla A. Catcs-Ward, of Valley Ridge, 
Dunklin County. The parents came to Dunklin 
County in 1874, and located near Cotton Plant, but 
removed to the ** Eidge " about 1880, where they 
now reside. 

W. J. W^ard remained with his father until he 
reached his majority, when he began working for 
William Herrmann, of Nesbit, this county. December 
2, 1883, he married Mollie L., a daughter of Mr. 
Herrmann, and a native of Dunklin County, Mo. 
He then located on Horse Island, near where the 
Ward School is now situated. He purchased land 
and opened up and improved one of the best and 
largest farms in that part of the county, residing here 
until January, 1892, when he removed to Kennett, 
Mo. On removing to Kennett he engaged in the 


lumber business. He is a wholesale and retail dealer 
in all kinds of rough and dressed lumber, lime, hair, 
cement and building material. He is also manaojer 
of the Ward, Shelton & Co.'s Corn Sheller. Their 
machinery has a capacity of 30,000 bushels per day. 
Mr. Moore is the silent partner in the company. 

W. J. Ward. 

The amount of corn bought, shelled and shipped 
from Kennett by this company is something immense, 
and yet there are several other busy corn companies 
in Kennett. 

Mr. Ward is a very busy man, for in addition to the 
above mentioned enterprises he deals largely in live 
stock, pasturing and feeding on his farm east of 
Kennett. Mr. and Mrs. Ward are the parents of five 
little girls : Myrtle, Terah, Willie, Hattie, Nona, and 
Kuth. Myrtle, the eldest, is quite a little pianist for 
her age and a child of whom any parent might be 


proud. In politics Mr. Ward is a Democrat and he 
has held the position of Mayor since coming to 
Kennett, but owing to other business he resigned. 
He is a member of the Masonic fraternity and both 
he and wife are members of the M. E. C. S. 


Mrs. Ward and her Husband, Isaac Henry. 

I. H. Ward, assistant postmaster of Kennett, 
Mo., is a native of Mississippi, but removed with his 
parents, three sisters and one brother, to Tennessee in 
1879. In 1880 he was married to Miss Laura Webb, 
who is a native of Kentucky, but who came to 
Tennessee with her parents when quite young, where 
she grew to womanhood and received her education, 


taking music as a special study. Mr. and Mrs. Ward 
came to Dunklin County, Missouri, about 1887, first 
locating in the north end of the county, but a little 
later they removed to Kennett, where they have since 
resided. Mr. Ward has been assistant postmaster at 
Kennett under both the late Harrison and Cleveland 
administrations, and has presumably discharged his 
duties to the satisfaction of all, though he is a Democrat 
in politics, and he and wife are members of the Chris- 
tian Church. Mrs. Ward has been teaching music 
most of the time since she was eighteen years of age, 
and has taught almost constantly for the past eight 
years in Dunklin County. She has been quite suc- 
cessful in both a financial and intellectual way, for 
although there have been many other music teachers 
who have come and gone, Mrs. Ward is recognized as 
the <*old reliable" pianoforte music teacher of Ken- 
nett, and is nearly always called upon to take the 
leading parts in musical entertainments, etc., in her 
town. This fact and the fact that she keeps and adds 
to her class of pupils is a sufficient guarantee of her 
ability as a pianist. Mr. and Mrs. Ward have two 
children, Willie, aged 15, and Lottie, aged 13 years. 

W. C. Whiteaker, Presiding Judge of the County 
Court of Dunklin County, was born April 19, 1844, 
in Bollinger County, Mo. March, 1847, he came to 
Dunklin County, where he received only a common 
school education, and the educational facilities of the 
county were in his youth somewhat limited. Septem- 
ber 6, 1862, he enlisted in the Confederate Army, 


where he remained until the close of the war. He 
then returned to Dunklin County, where he has since 

He is by occupation a farmer, but was elected to 
bis present official position in 1894. He resides in the 
northwest part of this county, his post-office is, how- 
ever, St. Francois, Arkansas. Judge Whiteaker has 

Judge W. C. Whiteaker. 

been three times married, first to Emma Edwards, on 
December 13, 1866; she died February 24, 1874, 
leaving one son, A. D. Whiteaker, born September 
18, 1873. February 13, 1876, Judge Whiteaker took 
for a second companion Carolina Geer, and to this 
union was born January 25, 1878, a daughter. Flora. 
The death of this wife occurred September 15, 1888. 
March 16, 1892, he was again married to Louisa 
Walker. A little daughter, Rosebud, born March 10, 


1893, is the child of this marriage. Judge Whiteaker 
is well known and is looked upon as a good, true man, 
and he is filling his present official position in a satis- 
factory manner. 

H. T. West, of the firm of West & Bailey, Kennett, 
Missouri, was born November 30, 1852, in Williamson 

H. T. West. 

County, Illinois, and is the son of N. and M. M. 
Mulkey-West. He came to Dunklin County, Decem- 
ber 15, 1878, and located near Kennett, having been 
married in his native State to Polina J. lialls, on Sep- 
tember 26, 1872. Three children were born to this 
union. William H., a promising young man of Ken- 
nett; Daisy (deceased), and Luella M. 

The mother of these children died March 29, 1881. 
Mr. West took for a second companion Miss R. T. 
Greer, a native of Scott County, Missouri, and by her 
is the father of several children, the eldest being Eosie. 

The firm of West & Bailey was established in 1891, 


since which time it has done a thriving business. 
They keep a fresh and nicely selected line of staple 
and fancy groceries, confectionery, etc. 

Both Mr. West and Mr. Bailey are accommodating 
business men and Democrats in politics. Mr. and 
Mrs. West are members of the Christian Church. 

Fabius M. WiLKiNS, M. D., late of Maiden, Mo., 
was born December 22, 1834, in Wake County, North 
Carolina. He was the son of John and Helen Grissona- 
Wilkins, who were also natives of North Carolina. The 
parents moved to Weakley County, Tennessee, in 1844. 

Dr. F. M. Wilkins, the subject of this sketch, grew 
to manhood in the last named county and State and 
commenced the study of medicine under Dr. Valney 
Hawkins in 1853. He took his first course of lectures 
in the medical department of the University of Nash- 
ville, during the winter of 1856-57, and commenced 
the practice of medicine at Union City, Tennessee, in 
the latter part of 1857. (See photo, p. 282.) 

He was a graduate of the University of Nashville, 
taking this final course in 1859. In June of the same 
year he removed to Dunklin County, Mo., and be- 
came one of the most successful pioneer physicians of 
this county. He was one of the early druggists of 
Clarkton and later a leading druggist of Maiden. 

Dr. Wilkins was a member of the Southeast Mis- 
souri Medical Association and of the Masonic order. 
He was a Democrat in politics and one of the first 
members of the Christian Church of Maiden. 

He was married three times, first to Martha Baird, 


who died in 1873. His second wife was Tennie 
Moore, who only lived a few years. His third wife 
who survives him was Mary E. Scruggs. 

Dr. Wilkius had poor health several years 
before his death, which occurred in 1895. He left a 
wife, several children and an exceedingly large 
number of friends to mourn the loss of one of Dun- 
klin's best and most distinguished men. 

W. F. Young, M. D., Nesbit, Mo., was born May 
8, 1861. His parents, Joseph H. and Lugenia Todd- 
Young, were natives of Kentucky. Here their son 
W. F. grew to manhood, receiving a good education 
in the common schools of Kentucky and Vandalia 
High School in Illinois. He came to Missouri in 1881 
and married Miss Nannie Pickens of Crawford Co. 
He early united with the M. E. C. S. and was ordained 
a Deacon at Charlston, Mo. He was later ordained an 
Elder and joined the St. Louis Conference, to which 
he belonged eight years, four years of which time 
he spent in Dunklin County, being pastor in charge 
two years at Maiden and two years at Kennett. He 
then located at Kennett but soon removed to Nesbit 
and commenced the steady practice of medicine, having 
commenced the study of same during his ministerial 
career. Here he has continued to study under a 
well-known physician and in three years time has 
built up a surprisingly good practice. Dr. and Mrs. 
Young have five children: Lucelius, Lugenia, James, 
Paul and Ruth. Mrs. Young is also a devout member 
of the M. E. C. S. 

2S2 nisTOuy or dunklin county, mo. 

Dk. F. M. Wilkins. 

Judge J. M. Waltrip and Wife. 

1. Mrs. R. II. Jones, nee Laxgdon. 

2. Miss Alma F. Stokes. 

3. Miss Anna Seeman. 

4. Mrs. Charles Ruff, nee Helm. 

5. Miss Ida Morgan. 

6. Miss Mattie Smyth. 



Mrs. Dora (Keene) Arends, daughter of Mrs. 
Annie M. Kecne, of Maiden, Mo., was born in Missis 
sippi County, Missouri, but came to Dunklin County 
when but three years of age. She was reared in 
Maiden, Missouri, and was one of the prettiest and 
most popular belles of that town. She was married 
to Mr. Joe Arends, vice-president of the Levi Mercan- 
tile Co., on September 3, 1895. Mrs. Arends is a 
pleasing pianist, a graduate of the St. Vincent 
Academy at Cape Girardeau, Mo., and a member of 
the Catholic Church. 

Mrs. ViCTORiNE (Braunm) Horner, who resides 
one mile north of Hornersville, is the oldest citizen of 
which this county boasts, not in point of years but 
citizenship. She came to the county with her father 
and mother, Michael and Angeline (Terror) Braunm in 
1830. Mr. Braunm was an Irishman and Mrs. B. a 
French woman ; they were married on Brushy Prairie 
on the Mississippi River, where they were residing at 
the time of the earthquakes of 1811-12. 

Their daughter **yictorine" was about five years 
old when they came to this county. She knows where 
the buffalo wallows used to be and has heard them 


bellow not so very far from the place where she now 
resides ; she has also seen elk and wild cattle, and the 
howl of the wolf she was perfectly accustomed to in 
her younger days. Since she first came to the county 
she has never resided even for a short period any- 
where else, and has seen the population of the county 
increase from three or four families to 20,000 inhabi- 

Mrs. Horner is a sister to Tecumsy Braunm and 
Miss Lizzie Braunm, who are both living and are well 
known in this county. On growing to womanhood 
Miss Victorine Braunm was married to John Z. Horner, 
a cousin of the Mr. Horner who founded Hornersville. 
Mrs. Horner is strong and healthy for her age and is 
intelligent and entertaining. 

She is the kind of old lady one always dreams of 
with pipe and knitting, and has a nice suit of soft 
grey hair and a kindly countenance. Her third son, 
Tecumsy or «<Cumps" Horner, has never married 
and lives at home with his mother. 

Mrs. Hettie Langdon- Jones, daughter of E. J. 
Langdon, of this county, was born at Cotton Plant, 
Mo. She was principally reared in Dunklin County, 
and educated in Iron County, Mo. February 16, 
1886, she became the wife of R. H. Jones, formerly 
editor of the *< Clipper," ** Enterprise Messenger," 
and other papers. 

Mrs. Jones is generally conceded to be the most 
beautiful of Dunklin County ladies, and is one of the 
leading society ladies of Kennett. 


Miss Ida Morgan, daughter of Collin Morgan, 
Kennett, Mo., was born in Stoddard County, Mo., 
but came to Dunklin County when a child. She has 
been principally reared and educated in this county 
and in the State Normal at Cape Girardeau, Mo. She 
is quite pretty, one of Dunklin's brightest young lady 
teachers, holds a first-grade State certificate and is one 
of the teachers in the Kennett High School. 

Susan Barnett-Ray was married to William Ray- 
in Perry County, Tenn., and both were natives of 
Tennessee. *' Aunt Susan," as she is familiarly 
called, is one of the pioneers of this county, having 
located near Kennett in 1850. She is one of the 
women who picked the seeds from some of the first 
cotton ever raised in Dunklin County, and has woven 
much cloth in the old-fashioned way. Mr. and Mrs. 
Ray came to the " prairie " in 1853 and later bought 
land near Nesbit, where Mr. Ray now resides. They 
were the parents of two girls and ten boys, nine of 
whom they reared in this county to be twenty-one 
years of age. In their descendants they have forty 
grandchildren and six great-grandchildren, with one 
son yet single. 

Mr. Ray, who died several years ago, was a member 
of I. O. O. F. and both he and Mrs. Ray were among 
the first members of the Old Harkey's Chapel class of 
the M. E. C. S. 

Mrs. Fannie (Helm) Ruff is a native of Dunklin 
County, and the daughter of W. M. Helm of this 


county, »and the wife of Charles Ruff of Kennett. 
She WHS educated at Kennett and Cape Girardeau, 
Mo. Was quite a successful teacher before her mar- 
riage and is one of Kennett's leading young matrons. 

Miss Alma Stokes is a native of Clarkton, Dunklin 
County, and the daughter of T. C. Stokes, of Maiden, 
Mo. She was reared in this county and educated in 
the E. A. Seminary, Lexington, Mo. She has been 
one of Dunklin's successfid teachers for four years and 
now holds a position in the Kennett High School. 
Miss Stokes is a handsome young lady and when at 
home is one of Maiden's belles and is also a leader 
among Kennett's young people. 

Miss Anna Seeman was born, reared and educated 
near Cleveland, Ohio. Nearly nine years ago she came 
West with her brothers and took up a homestead of 
160 acres of land, just across the Missouri line in 
Mississippi County, Arkansas, since which time she 
has been known in Dunklin County, but has act- 
ually been a resident of this county but two years. 
During this time she has won for herself many friends 
and become one of the leading belles of Kennett. 

Miss Mattie Smyth is a native of Dunklin County, 
and the daughter of James A. Smyth, a pioneer of this 
county. She received her early education in this 
county, and in June, 1890, graduated from the 
** Adair Institute," Adair, Iowa. She also holds a 
*« C." certificate from the State Normal, Cape Girar- 


cleau. Mo., and a first-grade State certificate. She 
has taught considerably in the public schools of this 
county, but at present assists her brother James F. 
Smyth in the treasurer's office, in Kennett. 

Misses Vara and Henrietta Waltrip. 

Miss Smyth is a sister of the writer and is well 
known in her native county. 


The people of Dunklin County are always ready to 
welcome honest, honorable, industrious and enterpris- 
ing citizens, whether wealthy or the reverse. If you 
are such and desire to leave an overcrowded city or 
county and go to a place where you can, for a reason- 
able amount, purchase a home of your own, and in a 
way grow up with the country — for this county is 
yet in its youth — this is the place for you. 

But if you are not honest and honorable or expect 
to make your living without industry and enterprise, 
you are not wanted here, as your room is more desira- 
ble than your company. We need and want irood 
American citizens, who will make permanent homes 
with us. There are very few people who come here 
who do not like our county and people — of course, 
we have little peculiarities. 

There is no Soulhern hospitality, however magnani- 
mous, which can exceed that of the Dunklin County 

Our population is nearly all white. There are not 
more than a dozen colored people in the entire county 
outside of the towns of Kennett, Clarkton and Maiden. 
The number in these three towns will perhaps not exceed 
125. These are all polite and make good citizens, and 
are treated well and fairly by our white population. 

19 ( 289 ) 



However, wo are not sorry that our county is very 
noticeably scarce of colored people and tramps. 

Our [)eople — least of all the writer of this 
volume — have no desire to exaggerate the merits of 
our county and deceive people into coming here to be 
dissatisfied, leave and accuse us of having misrepre- 
sented our county. The aim has been a true pen and 
photogra[)hic picture of our county and people. Be- 
lieving that you will be favorably impressed by both, 
we ask you to at least pay us a visit. 

flAY 13 iyu2 

I .,S}^ P