4* HISTORY **>
JEiQbtb ITlUnotsXllmteo States Volunteers
HARRY STANTON McCARD, B. S.,
HOSPITAL STEWARD, EIGHTH ILLINOIS U. S. VOLUNTEERS,
HENRY TURNLEY ,
HOSPITAL STEWARD, EIGHTH ILLINOIS U. S. VOLUNTEERS.
E. F HARMAN & CO., PUBLISHERS, CHICAGO.
Governor John R. Tanner
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John R. Tanner, the able and
fearless executive of the great State of Illinois, who believes and
who has the courage of his convictions, that it is the heart, the
brain, the soul, not the skin, that go to determine manhood;
who, acting upon this belief and upon the fundamental principle
of this government that " taxation without representation is
tyranny," had the manhood to appoint colored officers to com-
mand a Colored Regiment, this book is affectionally dedicated
BY THE AUTHORS.
Colonel John K. Marshall
COL. JOHN R. MARSHALL
JOHN R. MARSHALL was born at Alexandria, Va., March 15, 1859. He was edu-
Qj cated in the public schools of Alexandria, Va., and Washington, D. C. At the age of
16 he was apprenticed to the bricklayers trade, serving four years, until 1879, when he came to Chicago
In 1 89 s he was appointed a deputy clerk in the County Clerk's office and held that position until he
received his call to the front.
Col. Marshall took an active part in the organization of the Ninth Battalion in 1891, be : ng elected
Second Lieutenant, Company A in May, and First Lieutenant in July of the same year. In 1893 he was
chosen Captain of his Company by an unanimous vote, and held that rank until he received his Colonel's
commission in June, 1898.
In Cuba he made an enviable record. He early gained the confidence and respect of his General
and soon proved that this confidence was not misplaced.
Lenient and just he has always been. Always a Colonel, but never too busy nor too dignified to
listen to complaints of his soldiers. Affectation and arrogance are entirely foreign to hirh, but pride for
his race and respect for himself and his position gave him a gentlemanly, soldierly bearing that always
found favor with all officers of rank with whom he came in contact. He never knew personal fear, and
when Governor Tanner submitted the proposition to him to send his regiment to relieve the First Illinois,
he quickly gave his consent.
As a Commander he was a pronounced success, clearly demonstrating the wisdom of Gov. Tanner
in appointing him to the Colonelcy, justifying the contention of the black troops that they should be led
by black officers. By his soldierly conduct he has met all of the expectations of his friends and silenced
the tongues of his calumniators. He has performed all of his duties with credit to himself and honor to
to his race.
Lieutenant Colonel James H. Johnson
LIEUT. COL. JAMES H. JOHNSON
JAMES H. JOHNSON was born in Washington, D. C, where he received a good literary
education. In 1880, he enlisted for five years in the Ninth U. S. Cavalry, and during his
service made a brilliant record. He gained a sharpshooter's medal, and here laid the founda-
tion for his future success as a commander. For several years succeeding his army experience
he was engaged in the railroad business, and in 1888 he located in Chicago, where he has
since resided. In i8o,i,he joined the Ninth Battalion as a private. Soon after he became First
Sergeant of Company A, and in 1892, upon the recommendation of his commander, he was
appointed Adjutant of the Battalion. If in years to come, should he be commissioned a
General and do gallant service, he would still be called Adjutant Johnson, so brilliant was
his record while holding that position. Small of stature; quiet and unassuming in appearance;
always methodical and energetic, he contributed more to the growth of the Battalion than
even his best friends imagine.
When the Eighth Regiment was mustered into the service he received the commission
of Lieutenant Colonel, a place conceded to him by all factions, and by all people. If the
question be asked, what is Colonel Johnson's distinguishing characteristics, the answer
would invariably be, "he is a soldier, and a man." "Method " is his watchword, and perse-
vering he has always been. As a tactician he has few equals, even in the regular army.
He knows the regulations not to inflict punishment, but to be right and to be just.
Major Robert R. Jackson
MAJOR ROBERT R. JACKSON.
ROBERT R. JACKSON was born Sept. i, 1869, in Malta, 111. When but a year old he
was brought to Chicago by his parents, and when twelve years of age he was a graduate
of the grammar school. As a boy he held various positions with large mercantile and pro-
fessional firms, proving himself competent in every position he held. In December, 1888, he
entered the Postal Service as a stamper, and by competitive examinations he received successive
promotions until he became foreman of Station M, during Colonel Sexton's administration.
Various secret and fraternal societies claim him as a member, and in 1896 he was elected
Adjutant- General on the Major-Geneial's staff of the Knights of Pythias. In 1895, the name
of Private Robert R. Jackson appeared on the rolls of Company D of the Ninth Battalion, but
it was soon changed to Captain Robert R.Jackson. Upon entering the United States service,
he was commissioned Major of the Second Battalion, and into that position he threw that zeal
and magnetism which gave success to him so early in life.
Soon after landing in Cuba he was ordered on detached service to Palma Soriano in
command of Companies E and F. At this post he became Major of the city, protector of the
Spanish residents and mediator of all disputes that arose amongst the inhabitants.
Stationed as he was, immediately after the war, in a city containing many Spanish in-
habitants and connected with the Regiment neither by railroad nor telegsaph, Major Jackson's
position was indeed a trying one. But his diplomacy won the day, and when the order came
recalling him to his Regiment, it was with genuine regret that the men of his command and
the citizens saw him go. After rejoining the Regiment at San Luis he did splendid work,
and returned to his home with nothing but bright marks on his record.
Maior Franklin A. Denison
MAJOR FRANKLIN A. DENISON.
F^RANKLIN AUGUSTUS DENISON was born at San Antonio, Texas, in 1862. He
1 obtained his preliminary education in the public schools of that city, preparing himself
to enter Lincoln University. He entered Lincoln University in 1883, graduating from that
institution as honor man in 1888. His commencement oration was considered a gem of ora-
tory. In 1888 he entered the Union College of Law in Chicago, graduating in 1890 as vale-
dictorian. Mayor Hempstead Washburn appointed him Assistant Prosecuting Attorney in
1891, and was reappointed by Carter H. Harrison, Sr., John P. Hopkins and Geo. B. Swift.
He is one of the most successful colored lawyers practicing at the Chicago bar.
During the major portion of his time in the service in Cuba he was one of the Judges of
the Court of Claims sitting at Santiago. General Lawton appointed Major Den i son President
of a General Court-Martial, being the only colored man ever appointed to such a position.
He performed his duties in such a dignified, competent manner that he gained the praise of
every one with whom he was associated. His work undoubtedly did a great deal to create
among the officers of the other regiments, a favorable opinion of the colored officers of the
Eighth. Of noble figure and commanding voice, Franklin A. Denison wore well the straps
of a Major.
Major Allen A. Wesley. Surgeon
MAJOR ALLEN A. WESLEY
LLEN ALEXANDER WESLEY son of Edward Edrington and Elizabeth Ann (Davis)
/ V Wesley, was born September 25, 1856, at Dublin, Ind. He was educated in the com-
mon schools of Cincinnati ; at Bryant & Stratton's Business College. Chicago ; and was graduated
A. B. from Fisk University, Nashville, Tenn., in 1884. He commenced the study of medicine in 1870,
with Dr. William Mussey of Cincinnati, and later took a three years' course of study at the Northwestern
University Medical School and received the degree of M. D. from the same in 1887.
Dr. Wesley has been a practitioner in Chicago since the year of his graduation. He was clinical
assistant of the late Walter Hay, M. D., LL. D., in the department of mental and nervous diseases,
Chicago Medical College, 1885-89; clinical assistant to Prof. R. N. Isham, in the department of surgery
of the same college, i886-'88; lectured on "Surgical Emergencies" in Provident Training School; district
county physician for Cook county in Chicago.
Dr. Wesley was gynecologist to the Provident Hospital, of which he was one of the founders, and
was appointed surgeon-in-charge in 1894, and secretary to the medical staff.
In May, he entered the Illinois National Guard, when it was certain that the United States would
have war with Spain, and went to Springfield with the Eighth Regiment. There he examined all who
applied for enlistment in the Eighth and Ninth Regiments. The commission of Major and Surgeon was
given him July 2, 1898, and soon after his arrival in Cuba he was placed in charge of the hospital at San
Euis by General E. P. Ewers as Acting Brigade Surgeon. Later he was chosen as one of a board of three
to examine all medical officers who should be called before it, he being the first colored man who ever held
such a position. While at San Luis he had medical charge of the Eighth Illinois, Twenty-third Kansas
and several pack trains and signal corps.
The general health and physical condition of the Eighth Regiment speak volumes in praise of Dr.
Wesley as a surgeon.
Lieutenant Harvey A. Thompson, Adjutant
ADJUTANT HARVEY A. THOMPSON
THE BEST Adjutant in the volunteer service was born in Columbus, Ohio, July 24, 1863
His literary education was obtained in the public schools, Fisk University, aud La
Moyne College. His name is Harvey A. Thompson. In 1883, he enlisted in the Ninth U.
S. Cavalry and served honorably for five years. Upon his discharge he went to Nashville,
Tenn., and matriculated at the Meharry Medical College, where he studied two years. Chi-
cago became his home at the end of this period, and he at once became prominent in political
and business circles.
Two years ago, he was appointed clerk at the Desplaines Street Police Station, and
was making an excellent record when he went to Springfield with the Eighth. Only one
name was ever suggested for the position of Adjutant, that of Harvey Thompson. A thor-
ough soldier, a splendid bookkeeper and pensman, affable and energetic, the Adjutant of the
Eighth Illinois was a pronounced success.
Lieutenant James S. Nelson, Quartermaster
LIEUT. JAMES S. NELSON
TAMES S. NELSON first saw the light in Windsor, Canada, in 1S61. He came to
Q> Chicago shortly after and was naturalized in 1884. When the Ninth Battalion was
formed, he became Sergeant Major, and later Quartermaster. In 1894, he married Dr. Ida
Gray, at that time the only colored woman dentist in the United States.
When the Eighth was called to Springfield, Mr. Nelson resigned a splendid position as
bookkeeper in a city office to become Quartermaster of the Regiment.
In 1897, James S. Nelson matriculated at the Chicago College of Law, and the train-
ing that he received here and over the city's books stood him in good stead while discharging
the many trying duties of his office. His record was indeed a remarkable one. His reports
were almost invariably correct, and the regiment was never without anything that could be
obtained by ceaseless effort on the part of the Quartermaster. System was present every
moment in his department, and the regular, constant food and clothing supplies issued to the
regiment gave testimony to that fact.
Lieutenant James W. Curtis. Assistant Surgeon
LIEUT. J W. CURTIS
| W. CURTIS was born in the town of Marion, Ala., July 29, 1856. He is the fourth
d) . son of A. H. and Princess Curtis. His father was one of the most prominent men in the
State and for six years was State Senator. Dr. Curtis was educated at Lincoln University and
State Normal School, Mouon, Ala. As a boy he took high rank as a student; taught school
in different parts of the State for six years, and in 1879 held a professorship in his Alma
Mater. In 1882 he was appointed to a clerkship in the pension office at Washington, D. C.
In one year was promoted to a first-class clerkship and in 1889-90-91 was special agent for the
pension office in Northwestern Illinois and Nebraska. During his stay in Washington from
1882 to 1891, he studied medicine and graduated from Howard University in 1888. While
acting as special agent for the pension office in Nebraska in 1891, he resigned for the purpose
of entering upon the practice of his profession. In October, 1891, he came to Chicago and
commenced practice, and soon had a large clientel. He was a member of the staff of Provi-
dent Hospital, and under the Swift administration was offered, but declined, a position under
the city health department.
Under the President's call for volunteers, he offered his services; was appointed by
Gov. Tanner an Assistant Surgeon in the Eighth Illinois Infantry. He went to Cuba and
was the medical officer in charge of a detachment of his regiment stationed at Palma Soriana,
Cuba. He enjoys the distinction of having lost but one man during the whole service.
Lieutenant Edward S. Miller, Assistant Surgeon.
LIEUT. EDWARD S. MILLER
EDWARD SMITH MILLER, First Lieutenant and Assistant Surgeon, was born on a
farm in Garrard County, Kentucky, August 31, 1858. He received his early education
in the Danville public schools, beginning his college course in the same city. In 1880, he
moved to Meadville, Pa., to complete his college course, taking a two years' literary course,
supporting himself at this time by his own labor. He began his study of medicine in a
doctor's office, matriculating in the Chicago Homeopathy Medical College in 1889, graduating
with high honors in 1893.
After graduation, Dr. Miller located in Chicago, and at the time of entering the service
was enjoying a large and lucrative practice. To broaden his knowledge of the medical science
and more fully fit himself for the many responsibilities of his profession, he took a post-
graduate course in the Harvey Medical College in 1897. During the service in Cuba, Dr.
Miller had the care of the greater part of the regiment. How well he succeeded is attested
by the high esteem in which he is held by both officers and men, and by the wonderful health
of the regiment.
Dr. Miller is a Mason, Knight Templar and Knight of Pythias. He was romantically
and happily married on the eve of his departure for Cuba to Miss Mamie Evans of Winchester,
Ky. His career is a shining example of what a young man can do w ith ambition, energy
Captain Jordan Ghavis> Chaplain
HAPLAIN CHAVIS was born in Massac County, Illinois, February 16, 1856. He
attended the common school in Metropolis, Illinois. In 1870, he moved with his parents to
Mississippi, entered Alcona University in 1872, and graduated from a normal course in 1876. He was
ordained a minister in the Baptist denomination the same year. He taught school and pastored in the
South until 1880, then coming north, marrying Miss Hattie Marshall at Metropolis, 111. He was pastor at
the Pisgah Baptist Church, Bloomington, two years, and was pastor r f Bethesda Church in Chicago, three
years. From Chicago he was called to Quincy, where he pastored Eighth Street Church for nearly ten
years. When the Hispano-American war broke out, the Reverend watched the proceedings closely, and
was one of the first outside of Chicago, to assist in raising a company for the Eighth Regiment. After
assisting in raising Company I, Ouincy, he made application for Chaplain of the regiment and was
appointed and commissioned by Gov. Tanner, Aug. 1, 1898. He went to Cuba with the regiment, where
he did volunteer service for several months, effecting a church organization in the regiment of over one
hundred members, and kept in existence a live Christian Endeavor and Sunday School the entire time'
He built a church and baptized twelve soldiers in Cuban waters, which was the first Protestant baptism
in that province.
He was of inestimable value in caring for the sick and burying the dead, nothing escaping his
attention that was to the interest of the regiment. He also learned to be a soldier, often drilling with
the regiment as a private and could be frequently seen on the firing line at target practice, becoming an
exceptionally good shot. He returned with the regiment and remained at his post until mustered out.
Following is a letter received from Brig. Gen. Ewers commanding at San Luis de Cuba. :
HEADQUARTERS DISTRICT OF MAYARI,
Chaplain Jordon Cuavis. Kighth Illinois Volunteers,
DEAR Sir — I take pleasure in stating that while you have been under my command — since August 26, 1S9S — you have performed
your duties in a faith t ul manner and with credit to your profession. I recommend you as an energetic and zealous christian and one
worthy in every way of the position you hold in your regiment. Very respectfully, E. P. EWERS. Brigadier General, Commanding.
San Luis, Cuba.
March 9, 1899.
Henry Ti rnt.ev
Harrv Stanton McCard
EIGHTH ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER BAND.
WILLIAM J. BARNETT, Chief Musician.
WILLIAM COOPER, Principal Musician.
G. W. COOPER
J NO. CRAWFORD
KARL FRANK I.I N
WALTER PATTERS* >N
M( IRRIS COBBS
NOAH T. WILLIAMS
JESSE CASH, Drum Major.
GEO. P. BROWN
BEN J. WORZER
J AS. M05BY
FR El > MAKERS
FRED PARK FR
HUNT, Chief Bugler.
J. A. FOX
WM. SCOT T
LOO AN WHITE
Tost Hospital, San Luis
JAMES H. LEE
CLEM M IF. PAYNE
MEMBERS OF THE HOSPITAL CORPS
Chas. Taylor Noah T. Williams Charles Williams
Lieutenant John W. Allison
Captain Theodore Van Pelt
Lieutenant Stewart Betts
- CAPT. THEODORE R. VAN PELT.
"THEODORE R. VAN PELT was born at Glens Falls, Warren County, N. Y. , Sept. 29, 1857. He
received his early training and education in the Empire State, removing to the State of Illinois twenty-
five years ago. Capt. Van Pelt was one of the first to be enrolled upon the roster of the Ninth Battalion
at the very beginning of that organization. Enlisting as a Private in Company A June 1, 1890, he was
appointed Sergeant Oct. I, 1891 . His enthusiastic work and strict attention to duty won for him the
election to the Second Lieutenancy Dec. 7, 1 892. He was elected First Lieutenant July 1 , 1 894, continuously
holding that rank until he succeeded Colonel Marshall as Captain of Company A upon the latter gentle-
man's promotion. Capt. Van Pelt is a barber by trade, having owned the most popular shop in the city
of Chicago. He also stands high in the civic organizations, being a past officer in the famous St. George
Commandery. Capt. Van Pelt was not only a soldier in the time of peace but a soldier in the time of
war. When the President sounded the war tocsin, Capt. Van Pelt was one of the first to offer his sword
in the service of the country. At the front he made a record that would gladden the heart of any man .
LIEUT. JOHN W. ALLISON
IN the days of the old battalion, Sergt. Allison was reputed to be about the best drill instructor in the
companies. He is a native of Collierville, Term.;, and is 34 years of age. When he came to
Chicago in 1892, one of his first acts was to join the Ninth Battalion. Since his commission with the
Eighth, he has made a splendid reputation, a great deal of the time having charge of Company A, while
Capt. Van Pelt was in charge of the Second Battalion.
LIEUT. STEWART A. BETTS
CTEVVARD A. BETTS was born in the " Buckeye State" in 1873. At an early age he came to
Chicago. I-n 1896, he joined the Ninth Battalion, and when the Governor called out the Eighth
he was a First Sergeant. By merit, he won the position of Lieutenant.
Camp Marshall, near San Luis
Company A, Eighth Illinois Volunteer Infantry.
Captain, Theodore R. Van Pelt. First Lieutenant, John W. Allison.
Second Lieutenant, Stewart A. Betts.
WILLIAM II. PAYNE, 1st. Sergeant
ABRAHAM L. BALDON
JAMES I). DU PORTE
WILLIAM H. THOMPSON
JAMES T. BREWINGTON,
PERRY B. KOPPERL
WILLIAM H. RHODEN
W ALTER J. NEWMAN
OSCAR GREAR, Artifice*
ROLAND L. FERGUSON, Wagoner
HENRY K. HURLEY, Musician
SAMUEL CHASE, Musician
FRANK BURKS, Cook
ALLEN, FRANK W
BELL, JUDGE II
BREWINGTON, LAW REN CE
CASH, TESSE M
CLAY, "JOSEPH D
DRAIN. VINCENT S
DURST, ALONZO C
CADDY, DANIEL '
GRIFFIN, HENRY T
HOLMES, GEORGE A
HOLMES, OSSIE W
HUBBARD, JOHN B
JACKSON, FRANK A
Jackson, John r
jackson. theodore b
iarvis, robert m
tohnson. james w
jones, william e
KING, TOHN H
MITCHELL, JOHN R
MITCHELL, WILLIAM R
smith, edward p
smith, elbert j
taylor, james b
tidwell. edward a
HENRY C. WILSON from A. to G.
ISAAC JOHNSON, from L. to A.
Lieutenant George T, Baker
Captain Adolphus Thomas
Lieutenant G. A. Nevels
CAPT. ADOLPHUS THOMAS
/^APTAIN ADOLPHUS THOMAS was born thirty-seven years ago in Hancock County, Georgia.
^ In 1872, he was attending the public schools at Atlanta, and in 1882 he joined the National Guard
of Georgia as a Sergeant in his Company. In 1885, Sergeant Thomas, at the national competitive drill,
received the high honor of being the best drilled man on the field, and that fall he was elected First
Lieutenant of his company. His military experience in the West began as a Sergeant in Company R
of the Ninth Battalion. In 1892, he was elected First Lieutenant and became Captain in 1893. Captain
Thomas is naturally a commander of men. Many times in Cuba, during the absence of a Major, he
has had command of a battalion, and well did he handle it.
GEO. T. BAKER
f~* EO . T. BAKER, First Lieutenant of Company B, was born in New Orleans, La., Dec. 15, 1863.
He spent the early years of his life in New Orleans, La., and Natchez, Miss., learning the trade of
cracker baker. His military career began at the early age of eighteen, when he became a member of
the Lynch Guards of Natchez, Miss., holding the commission of First Lieutenant. Upon reaching his
majority, he joined the Knights of Pythias and was elected First Lieutenant in G. F. Bowles' Division,
No. 18, K. of P . He came to Chicago in 1888 and joined the Ninth Battalion in 1891 He was made
a Corporal in 1892, a First Sergeant in 1893, and on Nov. 5, 1895, he was elected to the office of First
Lieutenant of Company B.
LIEUT. G. A. NEVELS
J IEUT. NEVELS was born in Washington, Mo., in 1867. From boyhood he was characterized by a
steadfastness of purpose that knew no defeat. Seeking a wide field for himself he came to Chicago,
in 1887, soon taking a leading position among his fellow-citizens. He joined the Ninth Battalion as
Hospital Steward Nov. 4, 1895, and held that position until he was commissioned a Lieutenant by Gov.
Tanner, July 21, 1898. He was on detached service a great portion of the time while at the front — at
one time filling the position of Adjutant General on Brig. Gen. Ewers' staff. At another time he was
Acting Brigade Quartermaster.
Company B, Eighth Illinois Volunteer Infantry.
Captain, Adolph Thomas. First Lieutenant, Geo. T. Baker.
Second Lieutenant, Gustavus Nevels.
DURRAND B. DAVIS, ist. Sergeant.
ROBERT VV. GULLY
THOMAS F. TYLER
CHAS. E. L. HENDERSON
VVM. L. SETTLES
ROBERT P. HURD
JAMES L. HUNTER
LOUIS C. TORBERT
OLONZO V. CURRY
WM. J. ELLISON
WM. M. WEBSTER
FREDERICK MAKENS. Musician
HENRY HOLLIDAY, Musician
WM. D. PORTER, Artificer
BRAD. HUMPHRIES, Wagoner
HENRY J. MOORE, Cook
BUTLER, ANTHONY F
EDWARDS, CHAS H
GREEN, WM H
GRIFFIN, WM H
HALL, JOHN H
McFERRIN, IESSE L
MOORE, WM M
PAYNE, HENRY L
PETERSON, WM H
PHILLIPS. JOSEPH A
SHANNON, JOHN W
SMITH, AUGUSTUS R
STALLCUP, CHAS. H
TALBERT, FRANK J
TERRY, JOHN M
THOMAS, GEO. S
TRACEY, ROBERT B
TRAVEIS, WM H
TRIBUE, JOHN E
TRIBUNE, JOHN E
WASHINGTON, JOSEPH S
WILLIAMS, WM H
YOUNG, JOHN C
Corp. JACOB D. TURNER
Corp. GEO. D. WHITE, to S. M.
Private WALLACE JOHNSON
Private PAUL SMITH
Private SAMUEL NICKENS
Private SYLVESTER JOHNSON
Private SIMON B. PETERS
Private GEO. FARRIS
Captain Charles L. Hunt
Lieutenant John W.
CAPT. C. L. HUNT
/^HARLES L. HUNT was born June 29, 1862, in Chicago. He received his early education in
what is now the heart of Chicago. He learned his A B C's in the Jones School and completed his
education in the Dearborn School which stood at the time opposite to the present site of McVicker's
Theater. His early ambition was to be a soldier. Asa mere boy he joined the Hannibal Zouaves,
remaining with them when they became Company A, Sixteenth Battalion, I. N. G. He joined Com
pany B of the Ninth Battalion, June 17, 1891, and on May 3, 1892, was elected Second Lieutenant,
holding this office until Sept. 28, 1895, when he was elected First Lieutenant. He was first put in
command of Company C, being finally elected and commissioned Captain of Company C Nov. 4, 1895.
Hunt's Coyote's were one of the most famous companies in the regiment and had the opportnnity pre-
sented itself they would undoubtedly have proven themselves great fighters.
LIEUT. JOHN W. SHREEVES
JOHN W. SHREEVES was born in New Bedford, Mass., in 1866, receiving a fine education in the
public schools, he prepared himself for the government service. He occupied a position for three
and a half years in the Bureau of Engraving and Printing at Washington, D. C. In 1890, he moved
West to Chicago to grow up with the country. He joined the Ninth Battalion as a private in 1894 and
by successive promotions he reached the rank of First Lieutenant in 1898. While on duty at the front,
he was Provost Marshal in San Luis.
LIEUT. FREDERICK D. SEARLES
I IEUT. SEARLES is a native of Chicago, and received his education in the public schools.
"* He is one of the most versatile young men in the city of Chicago, and has held many
positions requiring trust and skill. He is now an electrical mechanic — one of the very few to be found
among our race. At one time he was storekeeper at the Dunning Institute; at another a deputy in the
County Agent's office. He was one of the organizers of the Ninth Battalion, holding a Lieutenant's
commission in 1892. While at the front he was Inspector of Rifle Practice, with the rank of Captain,
He is an Odd Fellow, also a Knight of Pythias.
Company C, Eighth Illinois Volunteer Infantry.
Captain, Chas. L. Hunt.
First Lieutenant, John W. Shreeves.
Second Lieutenant, Fred D. Searles.
CAPP HADLEY, ist Sergeant
SAMUEL P. MOTTLEY
JAMES D. SHREEVES
Clio. W. II. SAWYER
WM. L. BROWN,
CLARENCE E. HOWARD
A. 1). JACKSON
FRANK C. JONES
JOHN H. LUCKEY
WM. H. LUCKEY
FREDERICK T. NICKELS
CHAS. W. F. B. WHITE
RANSOM W. WF.STRERRY
ALLEN O. PATTEN, Cook
WM. N. FUSNFR, Musician
NORFLAT WATSON, Musician
JOSEPH S. SHREEVES, Artificer
NATHAN M. WATSON, Wagoner
ANDERSON, WM. H
BERRY, WM E
BROOKS, GUS M
BROWN, SAMUEL H
CARTER, JUSTIN E
CAVE, TAMES T
CLAXTON, SAMUEL D
CRAIG, WILLIAM T
CRIM, JACOB L
DAVIDSON, JOHN W
FREEMAN, HOMER A
FREEMAN, FRANK W
GARDNER WM M
GAINES, JOHN A
HARDAWAY, HARRY B
HART, WINGFIELD S
HARRIS, WM R
JACKSON. GEORGE W
T< (IINSTON, LOUIS H
LEWIS, DAVID P
MARSHALL, GEORGE A
MAY, CHARLES A
MAY, ERNEST R
McGOWAN. SAMUEL H
MITCHELL, WALTER B
MORGAN, GEORGE L. O
MUMPHUS, MOSES S
N( • LAND, GARLAND
POLK, OLIVER M
POLK, WALTER H
PRYOR, CLARENCE P
RICHARDSON, WILLIAM K
ROSS, HARRISON B
SLEET. TAMES W
SMITH, BOLAN P
STREADRICK, JOSEPH T
TAYLOR CHARLES H
TAYLOR, GEORGE H
THOMASSON, RALPH E
CAPT. W. T. JEFFERSON
/^APT. W. T. JEFFERSON was born in Washington, D. C, Aug. 4, 1864, living there but a few
years, when his parents moved to Derby, Conn. He obtained his early education in the public
schools of that place; at the age of 18 he began an apprenticeship in a local dental parlor and continued
in this work eight years. In 1 889, he decided to make dentistry his life's profession, and in the fall of 1889
he entered the Dental School of Howard University of Washington, D. C. He took but one year at
Howard; coming to Chicago in March, 1890, he entered the American College of Dental Surgery and
graduated March 24, 1891. He immediately entered upon the practice of his profession and continued
his successful practice until his country called him to arms. He early joined the Knights of Pythias
and rapidly rose in favor in the most- respected order. He joined Company D of the Ninth Battalion,
April 1, 1895, and was elected Second Lieutenant May 1, 1895, when the Battalion became a part of the
State Militia. In November, 1895, he was unanimously elected First Lieutenant of the company he now
commands. As an officer, he is the peer of any Captain in the volunteer service.
LEUT. HOWARD LOVE
J IEUT. HOWARD LOVE is 34 years old. His birthplace was Urbana, Ohio, where he lived for
' fifteen years. He came to Chicago in 1885, and joined the Ninth Battalion at its inception in 1891.
He soon was appointed a Sergeant, and was elected Second Lieutenant in 1897. When the regiment
was mustered in at Springfield, he received a First Lieutenant's commissson, and soon afterwards was
detailed as Regiment Ordnance Officer, which position he most acceptably filled until he was mustered
out. Quiet and unassuming, Howard Love has made friends and has done his duty.
THADDEUS W. STEPP
A GOOD record in the Ninth Battalion, coupled with a good ability, placed a Second Lieutenant's
commission in the hands of Sergt. Thaddeus Stepp at Springfield. He has resided in Chicago
since 1887, and joined the Ninth Battalion at its chartering, when 26 years of age. For several years
he has been head janitor of Plymouth Congregational Church. Aside from his regular duties in Cuba
Lieut. Stepp did some splendid work in photography, and brought home with him views of many inter
esting Cuban scenes.
Group of Officers at Tatter sall's
Company D, Eighth Illinois Volunteer Infantry.
Captain, William T. Jefferson. First Lieutenant, Howard Love
Second Lieutenant, Thaddeus Stepp.
CHARLES J. FIELDING, ist. Sergeant
ROBERT P. KING
GEORGE H. SMITH
JAMES P. R EWER
ROBERT S. TROUTMAN
RICHARD A. BOONE
ANDREW McGEE, Cook
ROBERT TINGSLEY, Artificer
CHARLES WHITE, Wagoner
DAVID A. MILLEN, Musician
EDWARD ROBINSON, Musician
BROWN, ALBERT L
CONSTANT, GEORGE 1
CONWAY, JOHN F
FARMER, OSBORNE P
GARNETT, WILLIAM W
HART, JOHN W
HAMILTON, CHARLES E
HAYES, FRANCIS E
TOHNSON, CHARLES W
OHNSON, JOSEPH H
TONES, JOHN W
JORDON, JOHN H
McOUINEY, JAMES L
MOHR. WILLIAM H
MILLER, DANIEL B
PRUDEN, WILLIAM H
REED, ARTHUR E
RICHARDSON, WILLIAM I
ROBINSON WILLIAM fc-
ROSS, CHARLES J
ROWLAND, ROBERT E
SEALS ROBERT W
STANFORD, JOHN G
WILLIAMS, NOAH T
WEBSTER, JAMES L
WILLIAMS, GEORGE W
YOUNG, HARVEY T
Captain Richard P. Roots
Lieutenant Arthur Williams
CAPT. RICHARD P. ROOTS
HEN Major Jackson was relieved as post commander at Palma Soriano, he was succeeded by Capt,
* Roots, who brought to the position an experience gained in the regular army with the Twenty-
fifth Infantry. Richard Roots was b rn in Tuscaloosa, Ala., in i860, and attended school in Tennessee.
He came to Chicago in 1884, and has held important positions in the Post Office of that city. Gentle-
ness, marked by decision, is Capt. Roots' predominating characteristic, and he has always been a
commander who could completely control his men and retain their love and respect. At Palma, he was
a most painstaking commandante. To his lot fell the investigation of numerous crimes committed by
Cubans and Spaniards, and to his credit he invariably reached correct conclusions. Capt. Roots points
with pride to the record made by his company in Cuba — not a man was lost by death, or by marriage
with a Cuban senorita.
RTHUR WILLIAMS was born in Athens, Ga. , in 1870, and attended the public schools in that
city until he reached the age of 15. He then moved to Atlanta. He enlisted in the Ninth U. S.
Cavalry, being stationed at Jefferson Barracks. He reached the rank of Sergeant, acting as drill
master for eight years. He then came to Chicago, and when war was declared assisted in enlisting
as a First Sergeant. While in Cuba, Lieut. Rauls was on detached service at Palma Soriano,
serving most acceptably as Post Adjutant.
LIEUT. ARTHUR WILLIAMS
Company E, Eighth Illinois Volunteer Infantry.
Captain, Richard P. Roots.
First Lieutenant, Arthur Williams.
Second Lieutenant, James M. Rauls.
OLIVER M. DAVIS, ist. Sergeant
JULIUS H. JOHNSON
ARTHUR H. CROWN
FRANK L. ARMSTRONG
CHARLES A. HARPER
GUILFORD E. CAMPBELL,
JOSEPH B. JOHNSON,
EGBERT R. WILLIAMS
EDWARD D. BARBER
MINCER O. SMITH
SAMUEL C. SMITH, Cook
JOHN B. COLSTON, Musician
WATT A. SANDERS, Musician
FRANK SMITH, Artificer
HENRY BROWN, Wagoner
ADAMS. GEORGE E
ARNOLD, THOMAS B
BERRY, EDDIE W
BROWN, GEORGE P
DREXTER, JESSE M
EMBRY, TORDAN A
EVANS, FRANK J
HARDY, EDWARDS F
HERRING, GEORGE W
JACKSON, DAVID B
JOHNSON, AARON E
LANKINS, JAMES A
LEE, JOHN G
m< isby, charles
morris, george w
pitner, herbert w
porter, edward j
robson, tulius b
taylor, harry c
* " school system of Chicago, he moved to that city in 1886. He entered the public schools and grad-
uated from the North Division High School in 1891. In the public school, he showed such marked abil-
ity that everyone interested in him advised him to study law. He entered the Law School of Lake
Forest University in 1892, graduating in 1894. He immediately entered practice in Chicago
and rapidly rose in his profession. He has occupied many positions of trust and has filled them all
with great credit. For nineteen months he was discount clerk in the Water Office of the City of Chicago,
and served as U. S. Custom Inspector of the World s Fair Grounds from Feb. 1893, until March 1894.
Capt. Akers has a peculiar fitness for politics and is the leading colored politicion on the North Side.
When the call to arms was made, Capt. Akers had a lucrative law practice which he left to take up the
practice of arms. He organized and captained C ompany F during the whole time the company was in
HERF is no more popular man in Chicago than Clinton L. Hill. He was born in Juliet in 1867;
at the age of five years he moved to Galesburg, and then in a few years to Bloomington. He
attended the Normal University at Bloomington for a number of years and then removed to Chicago in
1882. Lieutenant Hill is a Knight of Pythias of very high standing, at the present time holding the
position of Adjutant-General of that order. He assisted in the enlistment of Company F and was elected
First Lieutenant of that company. He was Post Quartermaster at tht Palma Soriano, Cuba, filling the
position to the satisfaction of all. "Clint" is the most popular dancing master in the city of Chicago.
LIEUT. CLINTON L. HILL
ears' service in the regular army. He
Company F, Eighth Illinois Volunteer Infantry.
Captain, Wm. B. Akers.
First Lieutenant, Clinton L. Hill.
Second Lieutenant, John McDonald.
AUGUSTUS RANTUS," ist. Sergeant
VARIES A. DAVIS
(.'HAS. A. BROWN
RICHARD B. BONZELE
GEO. W. WOOD
GEO. H. GRIFFIN
MARCELLUS VV. McCAEL
JAMES A BURT
CH AS. LINDSAY
GEO. STROTIIER, Cook
JAMES A. FOX, Musician
WM. E. SCOTT, Musician
ALEX. ALFORD, Artificei
JOSEPH W. BROWN, Wagoner
ANDERSON, ADOLPH F
BEAN, GEO. W
BERRY, JOHN H
BERRY, JOHN T
BOWDEN, JOHN F
BROWN, JOSEPH J
BROWN, JOHN R
BRYANT, GEO. H
COREY, WM. H
CORRUTHERS, OSCAR o
FOX, JAMES D
FOSTER, WESLEY S
FRAZIER, JAMES H
GRAY, GEO W
GOODE, WM. T
HAYES, WM. F
HAYWOOD, GEO W
HUMPHREY, JAMES G
JACKSON, JOHN A
JOHNSON. THOMAS W
TONES, ALONZO J
LEWIS, CLAYBORNE G
MORGAN, TAMES A
MOSBY. FRANK C
NUNN, MOSES J C
RANDOLPH, PAYTON W
RUDD. JAMES H
STARKS, CLYDE W
STEWART, JOHN P
STEWART WM E
STODDARD, CHAS W
STONE, THOMAS E
WHITE, THADDEUS M
WILLIAMS, CHAS H
WILLIAMS, WM W
WILKINS. PEYTON B
WOODALL, PRINCE E
\V< (LLRIDGE, WM H
AMBROSE, CHARLES, discharged Jan. 27,
PARKS, ALONZO, deceased at Palma So-
riana, Feb. 4, 1899.
Captain Julius C. Withersj'oon
Lieutenant Charles M. Reece
CAPT. JULIUS WITHERSPOON
[") ROB ABLY no man in the regiment has had a more varied career than Captain Julius Witherspoon.
He was born at Archidelphia, Ark., 1859, receiving his education and early business training in
that town. After spending twenty-four years in his native home, he decided to go out into the world
and seek his fortune. He came to Bloomington in 1884 and began his new career as a farmer, working
for O. Barnard, the largest agriculturist of that section of the State. He left the employ of Mr. Barnard
to enter that of the great stock dealer, I. H. Light. He enjoyed the entire confidence of both of these
gentlemen and soon rose to the position of confidential man in both places. When war was declared,
he was a policeman in the City of Bloomington.
LIEUT. H. W. JAMESON
HENRY W. JAMESON left the ministry to join the Eighth Illinois. Lieut. Jameson obtained his
' I literary education at Knox College, and then bent his energies towards the study of theology. For
the past few years, he has made a distinct success in the newspaper and publishing lines, and was early
selected for a commission when the regiment was being formed. In Cuba, as Judge Advocate, his work
met the commendation of his superior officers.
LIEUT. CHARLES M. REECE
/^"HAS. M. REECE was born at Bowling Green, Mo., in 1 858, receiving his early education and learn-
ing the trade of barber in his old home. He left Bowling Green in 1888, coming to Jacksonville,
111. He is a tonsorial artist of wide repute in his community, but the confinement of the occupation was
injurious to his health. When he enlisted in the volunteer service he was employed as messenger at the
Railway and Warehouse Commission at Springfield .
Company Q, Eighth Illinois Volunteer Infantry.
Captain, Julius C. Witherspoon. First Lieutenant, Henry W. Jameson.
Second Lieutenant, Charles M. Reece.
AUGUSTUS G. SMITH, 1st. Sergeant
JAMES M.. COURTNEY
DAIVD H. MOORE
IRA O. GUY
JESSE H. VVAGGENER
WILLIAM T. JORDAN
DELMAR E. LEE
CASH G. TOLIVER
WILLIAM R. CLARK
JAMES H. SIMONS
NOBLE D. LAMB
HARRY D. RODGERS
JOHN H. H. HAWKINS
HENRY C. WILSON
CHARLES HARDIN, Cook
JOSEPH G. WILSON, Musician
SAMUEL HARDIMAN, Artificer
FRED MURPHY, Wagoner
ANDERSON, CHARLES S
BELL, SHIRLEY D
BROWN, EMMANUEL W S
CROUSE, WILLIAM P
DAVIS, FRANK L
FEARS, A. M
GAINES, TOSEPH B
HOBBS, DAVIE G
TONES, WILLIAM M
lee, james h
martin, charles e
patton, james n
rollins, william p
roberts, hayes l
samuels, geo. w
samuels, james a
watson, william a
white, samuel f
young, charles h
CAPT. WILLIAM D. HODGE
APTAIN WILLIAM DARRELL HODGE has the distinction of being the youngest Captain in
the Eighth Regiment. He first saw the light of day in Ouincy, 111., 1875. In 1879, his parents
moved to Springfield, 111., which place has been his home ever since. His father was a veteran of the
Civil W ar and much of the maitial spirit of the father was inherited by the son. He was the organizer
of the Sons of Veterans Corps of Springfield, joining as a private in 189 1; by steadfastness of purpose
and devotion to duty, he rose to the rank of Captain in 1894. Captain Hodge by diligent work, aided
by able assistants, succeeded in making Company H one of the "crack" companies of the regiment.
LIEUT. RICHARD C. ROSS
A LTON, ILL., is the birthplace of Richard C. Ross. Born in 1870, he lived in his native city until
he reached the age of 17, then removing to Springfield. At the time of his enlistment, he
was the second cook at the Leland Hotel of that city. He is such a trustworthy man that in times of
emergency he has been given full charge of the house. He is also First Lieutenant in the Sons of
Veterans' Corps of Springfield.
LIEUT. WALTER J. JACKSON
H? ALTIMORE, MD., is the birthplace of Walter Jackson. He is twenty-nine years old. In 1895 he
' joined the Ninth Battalion as a private, and when the regiment was called to Springfield he wore the
stripes of a Sergeant. He was mustered in as Second Lieutenant, and has done faithful and consistent
Company H, Eighth Illinois Volunteer Infantry.
Captain, William D. Hodge. First Lieutenant, Richard C. Ross.
Second Lieutenant, Walter J. Jackson.
ROBERT BLAKEMAN, ist. Sergeant
HENRY A. BROADY
FRANK L. LEWIS
ABRAHAM L. MORGAN
GEORGE HARRIS, Cook
FREDERICK PARKER, Musician
IRA KING, Musician
CHARLES HOLMAN, Artificer
JOSEPH WELLS, Wagoner
EN SAW. CHaRLLS
FARMER, JOHN JR
G[ OYER, LOUIS
GRF.EXLE AF, El. UAH
HAT L, ROBERT
IK GAN. CH VRLES
Johnson, arthur d
WALTON, JAMES C
CAPT. FREDERICK BALL, JR.
[FREDERICK BALL, JR., was born in Ouincy, 111., Dec. 5th, 1865. In 1883, he was graduated from
the city high school, and soon afterwards commenced the study of law. After a complete course
in the Chaddock Law College he was admitted to the bar in November, 1895. He built up a splendid
practice, and soon became the leading colored citizen in that section. When Col. Marshall was casting
about for a suitable man to recruit a company in Quincy, his choice naturally fell upon Frederick Rail.
In securing recruits, he was particularly fortunate, and Capt. Ball's company soon became a company of
LIEUT. WILLIAM H. DALLAS
\./ILLIAM DALLAS was born in Ouincy, 111., in 1877. He attended the public schools of that
city, afterwards learning the butcher's trade. He was working at his trade when the call for
troops was made. Entering the service as a Sergeant, Lieutenant Dallas received more promotions
than any man in the regiment — two commissions coming to him in less than two months.
LIEUT. ROBERT RATCLIFFE
"THE Second Lieutenant of Company I won his commission in the service. He enlisted as Sergeant
* Major, performed his duties most acceptably, and was rewarded with a promotion. In Chicago,
Lieutenant Ratcliffe held an important position in the Postoffice, which has been held open for him during
his absence. During the temporary absences of Adjutant Thompson, Lieut. Ratcliffe performed exceed-
ingly well the duties of that important office.
PROACH TO MORRO CASTLE
Company I, Eighth Illinois Volunteer Infantry.
Captain, Frederick Ball, Jr. First Lieutenant, William H. Dallas.
Second Lieutenant, Robert F. Ratcliffe.
CHARLES S. S. MORRISON, ist. Sergeant
CHARLES O. ROBINSON
CHARLES H. PETERSOu
WILLIAM W. PERKINS
JOSEPH W. JORDAN
SOLOMON L. LESTER
THOMAS W. ROBINSON
JAMES W. CROPP
HERBERT \\ I I, LI A. MS
BA I LEY BUTLER
JOHN W. BALL
JOHN W. GRIFFIN
EDWARD H. JOHNSON
WILLIAM E. WOODS, Cook
JAMES A. MOSBY, Musician
WILLIAM DIAMOND, Musician
TAYLOR WHEELER. Artificer
ROBERT CROCKETT. Wagoner
BERNARD, LOUIS II
BELL, WILLIAM F
BLACKBURN,. JOHN W
BROWN, WILLIAM A
BURRELL, HENRY M
BALL, WILLIAM W
CI. ARK, TOSEI'H I
COMBS, JOHN A '
DORSEY, JOHN II
El. I. IS, ARTHUR*
FOSTER, ERNEST L
FIX LEY, WALTER R
GASKIN, CHARLES D
HARRISON, JOHN H
HARVEY, ANTHONY T
HICKS, ALBERT L
HENRY, HERMAN D
JOWLS, CHARLES A
JOHNSON, GEORGE W
MARSHALL, JOHN E
MITCHELL, HARRY H
PARRISH, SIMON P
I'ERKIXS. InllX II. IK
PENIX, ROBERT L
PRIDE, JOHN A
RELEFORD, WILLIAM A
SHAW, MILLARD A
SMITH, AARON D
SMITH, TYSON H
SIM! NGTON, CHARLES
THOMPSON. WILLIAM W
WALKER, JOHN M
Lieutenant William Carter
Captain Leon W. Denison
Lieutenant James Washington
CAPT. LEON W. DENISON
J EON W. DENISON, brother of Major Frank Denison, was born in San Antonio, Tex. He
— ' prepared for the University of Michigan in the public schools of his home. Captain Denison spent
two years in the University of Michigan, taking a special course in history, logic and rhetoric preparatory
to the study of law. He entered the Chicago College of Law in 1896, and at the time of his enlistment
was a senior in that institution. He enlisted as a private in the Eighth Regiment and was unexpectedly
appointed Captain of Company K by the Governor. He took a green company, and by skill and per-
sistence formed it into one of the best companies of the regiment. Leon Denison is one of the most
able and popular young men in the city of Chicago He lays no claims to being a politician, but stands
high in the councils of both city and county politicians.
LIEUT. WILLIAM CARTER
IEUT. WILLIAM CARTER, the smallest and best-natured officer in the regiment, was born forty-
' — ' eight years ago in the Old Dominion. In 1863, he moved to Litchfield, 111., entered the field of
business, and made a pronounced success. During the formation of the Eighth Regiment, no man was
more active, or more successful, in securing recruits than Lieut. Carter. A capable officer, genial, courte-
ous, and at all times a credit to his uniform is the record of Lieut. Carter.
LIEUT. JAMES W. WASHINGTON
JAMES W. WASHINGTON, the fighting parson, was born at La Grange, Mo., in 1863. He
received his early education in his native city. At that time, it was his highest aim to be a minister
of the gospel and a leader of his people. He was ordained a Baptist minister at Davenport, Iowa, Oct.
15, 1886. Lieut. Washington was Chief City Oil Inspector for two and a half years at Monmouth, 111.;
leaving that position, he became editor and publisher of the Douglas Optic, the first colored paper
ever published in Knox County, Illinois. This field becoming too narrow for a man of his abilities,
he moved in 1896 to Rock Island, 111. He took an active part in the enlistment of his company, and
afterwards as a Lieutenant met all the requirements of a soldier. While located at San Luis, he filled
the position of Provost Marshal with great distinction.
Company K, Eighth Illinois Volunteer Infantry.
Captain. Leon Denison.
First Lieutenant, William Carter.
Second Lieutenant, J. W. Washington.
GEO. D. CARTER, ist. Sergeant
HENRY BOWENS, Cook
HARRISON PORTER, Artificer
SYLVESTER McALLISTER, Wagoner
JOHN JACKSON, Musician
HORACE ALEXANDER .Musician
johnson, a w
JAMES, JOSEPH L
OWENS, C. W.
ROSS, W. A.
SMITH, T. T.
THOMAS, TOHN R
Lieutenant John W. W. Laden Lieutenant Horace G. Burke
CAPT. GEORGE V. LANE
EORGE V. LANE is reputed to be the handsomest officer in the regiment. When Capt. Lane left
his home to lead his company to the front, he was serving his third term as County Commissioner.
By profession the captain is a lawyer.
LIEUT. JOHN W. W. LADEN
IOHN W. W. LADEN was born in Mound City, 111., in 1873. He received his early education in the
schools of his native city, afterwards attending the high school at Metropolis. He left the Metropo-
lis High School to complete his course at the Evanston High School preparatory to a collegiate course
in Northwestern University. When war was declared he was working on a farm to replenish his funds
in order that he might complete his university course.
LIEUT. H. G. BURKE
ORACE G. BURKE was born July 4, 1872, at Houston, Tex. He passed the early years of his
life in his native State, moving to Metropolis, 111., in January, 1883. He enlisted in Company L
at the first organization of that company, leaving a thriving and remunerative live stock business for
the defense of his country. He enlisted as a First Sergeant and was promoted on the field in Cuba to
Second Lieutenant. He proved himself to be an efficient officer in every respect, discharging, his duties
in such a gentlemanly manner that he won the esteem of the entire regiment. He has always been a
prominent figure in the southern part of the State, and bids fair to become one of the leaders of his race.
Company L, Eighth Illinois Volunteer Infantry
Captain, Geo. V Lane.
First Lieutenant, John W. W. Laden-.
Second Lieutenant, Horace G. Burke.
JOEL T. LLOYD, ist. Sergeant
HARLAN D A. HOARD
ROBERT T. SIMS
WM. T. STEPHENS
CLARENCE E. THOMPSON
BEN J. ROLLINS
J. W. PARKS
GEO. W. HUGHES
WALTER I. LIPSCOMK
JOHN W. PASCHEL
GEO. G. ANDERSON
EDW ARD PIDDLE, Cook
THOMAS HARMON, Artificer
HJLMON DAVIS, Wagoner
JOHN WHITNER, Musician
WM. G. LLOYD, Musician
ADAMS, Ed H.
ALLEN, lOHN D
BLITHE, JAMES H
BROWN, WM. D
COUSINS. WM. E.
DALTON CHAS. R
EDWARDS, ROB A
GORDAN, ELIJAH A
GRAHAM, WM. G
HAYES, GEO H
HAGLER, WILEY A
HENRY, FELIX H
HENDERSON, OTRESS II
HYNES, EMERSON F,
LANE, JR., GEO V
MORGAN, JAMES G
NEW SON, JESSE
OR] NGTON, CLARENCE
PAYNE, CLEMNIE E'
ROBINSON, JAMES M
SMITH, TOllN W
SMOOT, JOHN F
THOMPSON. HARRY E
W ILSON. LEVY
WILLIAMS, EDDIE T
Lieutenant William A. Donaldson Captain Joseph W. MgAdoo Liu tknast Nathan Davis
CAPT. JOSEPH W. McADOO
IOSLPH W. McADOO was born in Gibson County, Kentucky, in 1869. For the last fifteen years
Cairo has been his home, and he by reason of his natural strength of character and energy, was early
selected to be one of the officers in Company M. In the field, Captain McAdoo was a good tactician and
a thorough <jentleman. His company is noted for lack of friction, and the comradeship so general amongst
LIEUT. WM. DONALDSON
/7^NE of the quietest, most willing officers of the line is Lieut. Donaldson. He served his
military apprenticeship in the 24th U. S. Infantry, and was well fitted for the more important
duties with the Eighth. One of his superior officers said of him: "Whenever everyone else was worn
out and reach' to rest, Lieut. Donaldson was always ready to carry out orders."
LIEUT. NATHAN DAVIS
j\ 1ALHAN DAVIS was born in Pittsylvania County, Va., in 1865. He moved to Cairo, 111., in 1887,
* and immediately took a leading place among the men of his race. Lieut. Davis is a self-made
man in the fullest sense of the word. By the hardest knocks, he was enabled to reach the enviable
position he now holds. He has always been a lover of his race, and any measure that would advance
the interests of the race, he advocated with all his great soul. He has always been true to himself and
to his friends — that is the secret of his success. He took an active part in recruiting Company M and
the improvement of that company, and thereby the regiment has been his greatest delight. His gentle-
manly and soldierly ways have endeared him to both officers and men.
Company M, Eighth Illinois Volunteer Infantry.
Captain, Joseph W. McAdoo. First Lieutenant, William H. Donaldson.
Second Lieutenant, Nathan Davis
WILLIAM M. WATSON, ist. Sergeant
HENRY D. DOUGLAS
JAMES W. MOSS
GEORGE H. LANE
JUDGE J. PHINNESSEE
JOSEPH J. WINBISH
JAMES A. WILSON
BENJAMIN H. SHANKLIN
MAJOR WILLI FORD
ISAIAH C. DILLARD
LOGAN WHITE, Musician
ABRAHAM EZICAH, Musician
EDW ARD WRIGHT, Artificer
JOSEPH DAVIS, Wagoner
BROWN, JOHN M
COLE, RUFUS W
DOUGLAS, JAMES D
H ILL, TOHN
TACK SON, ANDREW
JONES, WALTON F
kNoVVLES, HARDY' L
KNOWLES JOHN B
AloSBY, GEORGE B.
MARTIN, TOHN H
RILES, TOHN R
SMITH, JOHN T
SI LV ]•: RS." NAT 1 1 A X I E L
ST EV E RSON. WILLI A N>
WASHINGTON. TAMES W
W \RD. TACK
WTI.LT A .MS. REECY
Company II Breaking Camp at San Luis
Cuban Hoys in the Foreground
A history of the Eighth Illinois Volunteers is an
epoch in the history of the negro in America.
Ever since Crispus Attucks, the world has
known that the black man has undaunted courage ;
that he is obedient to command ; and that he pos-
sesses, — thanks to his unfortunate ancestors, — a
hearty constitution, and the faculty of being satis-
fied with an humble diet. In a word he is the ideal
Sherman and Sheridan have testified to this fact ;
after Appomattox, Lee averred that without the aid
of the negro soldiers, the North could never have
conquered him ; and Gen. McClellan said, ''Give me
an army of black men. and I will defy the world."
Negroes as officers would be an experiment.
Theirs, heretofore,was to obey, not to command. They
were always to be led, never to lead. Though his shoul-
ders were broad, they were too narrow to bear the
gilded shoulder straps. Though his hands were
strong, they were too brawny to wield the comman-
der's glittering sword.
They possessed that enthusiasm which led to
noble deeds, but they had not yet learned to com-
mand, or to be commanded by members of their own
Prejudice, rank and insurmountable had con-
tinually barred, to the colored youth, the doors of
the nation's great military academy. Laws, enacted
in the post bellum days, absolutely forbade, in the
negro regiments in the regular army, — the promo-
tion which merit or valor might deserve.
Only one avenue leading to the upper grades re-
mained to him, — the state militia. In various states,
companies and battalions were organized, and in
1891 the afterwards celebrated Ninth Battalion of
Chicago was formed. Up this single avenue il
marched, storming citadels of opposition, leaping
trenches of spiteful intrigue, repelling newspaper
and legislative attacks, but always on the way
For seven years the Ninth Battalion was the
negroes' West Point. Nothing marked their Fresh-
man, Sophomore and Junior years save many nights
of hard drill, several brilliant parades, and now and
then a solemn march when a comrade was borne to
his final resting place. But political events were
shaping themselves to give these soldier students a
memorable senior year, — a senior year that was to
end with a commencement that was indeed a begin-
ning of greater things.
In the spring of 1898, the world was expecting
Congress to declare war with Spain. Diplomacy
had utterly failed to gain for the tottering Cubans
a single tangible concession of liberty, or the right
The press was clamoring for war ; the pulpit
prayed for intervention ; and the people regarded
every strong voiced jingo as a defender of the down-
trodden, and an exponent of liberty. War was ine-
vitable and the citizen soldiery was preparing for it.
( )n April 23rd, Congress declared that "a state
of war existed between the United States and
Spain," and the students in the West Point of the
Negroes thought that their day of graduation was
at hand. They knew that they belonged to the state
militia and that it was upon the state militia that the
government relied for its first soldiers. At last, the
experiment was to be made, — negro troops, with ne-
gro officers were to be called into the service. At
last, the American negro was to be given a chance to
fight for his less fortunate kinsmen in Cuba.
April 24th, the President's proclamation calling
for 175,000 troops was issued', and under the allot-
ment to States, Illinois was to furnish seven regi-
ments of infantry and one regiment of cavalry, — no
battalion was mentioned. The state's seven regi-
ments departed for Springfield, and every militiaman
in the state who was willing to fight for his conn-
try, except those of the Ninth Battalion, was to be
given a musket. Was it misfortune, or was it preju-
dice? Popular opinion chose the latter, but devel-
opments showed that it was the former.
The dav following the issuance of the call, a com-
mittee composed of John R. Marshall, Robert R.
Jackson, Franklin Denison, E. H. Wright, Rev. R.
C. Ransom, Rev. J. W. Thomas and S. B. Turner
proceeded to Springfield to ascertain from Governor
Tanner why the Battalion had not been included
in the call. The Governor explained the situation.
Seven regiments had been called, and there were
seven complete regiments in the state service, leaving
no place for an unattached battalion. "However,"
he said, "if a second call be issued, I will give you
the opportunity to recruit the battalion to a regi-
ment, and will call that regiment first into the serv-
ice. Furthermore I will promise you that every offi-
cer in that regiment will be a colored man." How
fully and well he kept this promise the world knows.
Then came the trying days. Two new companies
were being formed in Chicago, one in Quincy. one
each in Springfield, Cairo, Mound City, Litchfield
and Bloomington, and men for these companies
were coming in from all the surrounding towns and
villages. In some companies, election of officers
were held and drilling was commenced ; in other en-
thusiasm was the predominating feature. Recruits
were easily obtained, but were just as easily lost after
they had grown weary of weeks of waiting. New
men to take their places were found by the tireless
recruiting officers, despite the ever increasing cry
that "the Eighth will never be called." Men who
had given up their positions preparatory to going to
the front, got them back again, or began to grumble
at the long delay. Pessimists, and that class of men
who discourage every enterprise, now loudly pro-
claimed that the government had no use for the ne-
gro soldier, and on the surface their cry appeared to
be a sorrowful truth. Splendid specimens of man-
hood applied at the recruiting stations of the regu-
lar army only to be told that they could not be en-
listed except for service in the kitchen, or as order-
lies. Applicants at the naval recruiting stations re-
ceived similar replies, hut the new Eighth Regi-
ment bided its time.
It was at this time that Capt. John R. Mar-
shall of Company A of the Battalion showed his
splendid ability as an organizer. Aided and coun-
selled at every turn by Capt. James H. Johnson,
Adjutant of the battalion, and reinforced and assisted
by Capt. Robert Jackson of Company D., his every
movement tended to lend strength and centraliza-
tion to the widely scattred groups of men who were
fast becoming discouraged waiting for a chance to
defend their flag, and to fight for their people. In
Chicago beds and food were supplied at the Armory
for those who had come to the city with but little
money, and who had expended it during the long
wait. Frequent messages of encouragement were
sent out through the state to the various recruiting
officers, and meanwhile the war progressed.
The 25th day of May, President McKinley issued
his second proclamation calling for 75,000 men, and
twenty days later, Governor Tanner issued the order.
commanding the Eighth and Ninth Regiments to
proceed to Camp Tanner to prepare for service at
The day and night of June 30th. 1899 will long
be remembered in Chicago. Everywhere during
the day, could be seen soldiers loaded with luggage
centering to the Armory at Michigan Ave. and
Thirteenth St. That nigra, authenticated rumor
said as it had often said before — the "boys" would
surely leave for Springfield, and this time rumor
The night of June 30th saw the entire regiment
on the road to Springfield. From Chicago went
seven hundred, from Cairo one hundred and twenty-
five ; from Ouincy a full company ; and from Mound
City, Metropolis and Litchfield came smaller num-
bers, while nearly a full company from Springfield
was already at the State Fair Grounds, now called
The Adjutant's report for July 2nd showed about
one thousand men in camp —and also showed that
active recruiting was necessary. Franklin A. Deni-
son, Maj. Robert R. Jackson and Liuet. John
Hawkins were dispatched to various cities as re-
cruiting officers, and within a few days the required
number were obtained.
Then came the days of organization, equaliza-
tion and preparation. The United States Mustering
Officer, Lieut. Ballou, was on the ground ready
and anxious to transform the citizens into soldiers,
and the surgeons of the Eighth and Ninth were con-
ducting the physical examinations with all possible
speed. On July 18th Company A. was sworn in amid
the cheers of the entire body of volunteers. Daily,
thereafter, one, or more companies took the oath
and at eleven o'clock of the morning of July 23rd,
John R. Marshall swore to perform faithfully the
duties as Colonel, and the long-looked-for, and the
long-hoped-for, experiment was under way. The
muster roll showed 1,195 men ar >d 76 officers, every
man of them of African descent with but a single
exception, — a private in one of the Chicago com-
Tented on the same camp grounds was the Ninth
Illinois under Col. Campbell, the junior of the
Eighth in theory, but in fact its senior since it was
ordered to Springfield first. Early in August, the
Ninth received orders to prepare to move to a south-
ern camp en route for Cuba. Great was the rejoic-
ing in that camp, and great was the sorrow in the
camp of the Eighth at being left behind. The Ninth
left, and again was heard that same old pessimistic
cry that had been so prominent in Chicago, — that
the government did not want colored soldiers.
At this stage Gov. Tanner visited the camp
and in a speech said, "even from the very doors of
the White House have I received letters asking and
advising me not to officer this regiment with col-
ored men, but I promised to do so, and I have done
it. I shall never rest until I see this regiment, — my
regiment,- — on the soil of Cuba, battling for the
right, and for its kinsmen."
The echoes of his voice had hardly died away
before the misfortunes, in Cuba, of one of the fav-
orite regiments of Illinois gave these colored sol-
diers a chance to prove again to the world that when
the needs of their country called them, their per-
sonal safety was not to be considered for a moment.
The First Illinois, the ''Dandy First" of Chicago,
was melting away before the onslaughts of the ter-
rible Cuban fevers in the trenches around Santiago.
Drenching daily tropical rains had transformed their
camp streets into rushing streams. Constant ex-
posure, with insufficient food supply, had changed
almost every tent into a sick room, and the dead
march was more often heard than the mess call.
Death was staring every man in the face and every
man in the regiment realized it.
Col. Henry L. Turner implored Gov. Tanner
ner "to use all influence possible at Washington to
secure the 'immediate recall of the First Illinois.''
He said that a much longer stay would result in
nothing short of a calamity. Tried, they had like
brave men to do their duty without complaining,
but to die as though swept by a pestilence, without
making effort for self-preservation ; to attempt to
stand without a cry what their material bodies could
not stand, was not to be expected, and they asked
that something be done at once to relieve them.
But what could be done? The rain would fall
equally as hard upon, and the fever would burn just
as savagely in any one who might be sent to suc-
ceed them. At this juncture. Gov. Tanner con-
sulted Col. Marshall and requested him to ascer-
tain the sentiment of his officers and men in regard
to being sent to relieve the First. Unanimously
they said, "let's go" and the following message was
sent to Washington :
Springfield, Aug. 4.
H. C. Corbin, Adjutant General : —
"I called the officers of the Eighth
Illinois, colored, in conference and they
are unanimously and enthusiastically
in favor of being sent to relieve the
First Illinois at Santiago."
This message was sent in a full realization of its
import, — the Eighth^was volunteering to be sent to
the exact spot where their old companions in arms
were dying like sheep in a plague, and not a man
objected to the dispatch of that message.
The next day, the Adjutant General sent this
"The Secretary of War appreciates
very much the offer of the Eighth Illi-
nois Volunteer Infantry for duty in
Santiago, and has directed that the
regiment be sent there by steamer
Yale, leaving New York next Tues-
day. The main trouble with our
troops now in Cuba is that they are suf-
fering from exhaustion and exposure
incident to one of the most trying cam-
paigns to which soldiers have ever
been subjected." H. C. CORBIN,
On Saturday, the 9th of August the order to
break camp and to proceed to New York was re-
ceived, and joy reigned again in Camp Tanner.
The regiment departed from Springfield in four
sections, each composed of Pullman and Wagner
palace sleeping cars, and attended by porters.
Travel rations had been provided, but few of them
were ever used — so frequently were lunches supplied
by patriotic people along the line.
The citizens of Ohio were particularly generous
and demonstrative. Not a man in the regiment will
ever forgot the people of Greenfield, Chillicothe and
Athens. At those cities hot cofTee, sandwiches, cake
and fruit were supplied without limit by the citi-
zens, and so warm was their reception that it only
served to make more prominent the half-hearted
welcome and Godspeed of the people in Dixie's
Land the next two days.
Arriving in Jersey City, the regiment was
marched to the ferry and thence directly to the Yale
which was lying at dock in New York Citv. Before
embarking the following sick and injured were sent
to the New York Emergency Hospital : — Drum
Major James Rudd, Private George Baker, Com-
pany D., who soon died there, and Privates George-
Walls and Charles Ambrose of Company F., both
of whom had sustained severe injuries byfalling from
the train while it was in motion.
Early in the afternoon of August nth, the Yale
cast off and proceeded down the bay amidst a per-
fect beldam of cheers from the passengers, and
shrieks from the whistles of the many steamboats
on the bay. When off Sandy Hook, a signal from
the government station situated there stopped the
boat to wait for a tug to bring out a large number
of soldiers and officers who, wandering too far from
the dock, had been left in New York.
The first real taste of the privations of a soldier
was experienced on this voyage. For the first two
days, it was almost impossible for the soldiers to
obtain any kind of food, and cool water was entirely
OUt of the question. The men slept on the open
decks, a pleasant place at that season of the year.
On the morning of August 14th, Cuba was first
sighted looming up in the distance, rugged and bar-
ren. For hours, the Yale steamed along the coast
without passing a city or a hamlet until the beautiful
bay of Guatanamo, filled with American war ships,
came into view. The next day Morro Castle was
the center of all attention, and immediately off from
this historic point the Yale anchored for the night.
The next morning lighters came out from San-
tiago and carried the regiment to the docks a dis-
tance of four miles, every inch of which teems with
interest to an American. The half sunken Reina
Mercedes, the staff of the Merrimac, and the masked
batteries of Socapa were all in sight. About five
o'clock in the evening, the companies were landed,
and began a march to their first Cuban camping
ground. The roads were in terrible condition, no
means of transporting rations or baggage were at
hand, and the site selected for a camp was covered
with a foot of w ater. The government guide, seeing
the condition of this spot, marched on until he
passed through what seemed to be the gates of a park,
high and dry on a hill. Shelter tents were pitched
and a comfortable night was passed, but uneasiness
was common the next morning when it was discov-
ered that the camp was in the yard of the Spanish
yellow fever hospital.
Bright and early on the morning of August 17th,
the First Battalion under Lieut. Colonel Johnson
took train for San Luis to take charge of a large
number of Spanish prisoners of war. Emaciated
and hungry were these Castilians, living on the
bounty of Uncle Sam. The famous Mauser rifles
were all taken away and sent to Santiago, and in a
few days the prisoners themselves followed.
As soon as Colonel Marshall arrived with the
other battalions, he was appointed Governor of the
province of San Luis, and commander of the post.
While encamped on a hill near San Luis the regi-
ment had a ludicrous, yet sad, experience. The Cu-
bans had shown some signs of discontent, and the
regiment was sleeping on its arms prepared for any
emergency. About eleven o'clock a shot awakened
the whole camp, and in an instant, almost, every
company was in battle front. The sentry's cry of
'"halt" was not heeded by the approaching objects
and several shots followed. Soon the firing became
general, but was quickly stopped by vigorous work on
the part of some of the officers. It was then discov-
ered that the approach of a Cuban in an ox cart had
been the innocent cause of all the excitement. The
next morning the body of poor Paul Smith, a pop-
ular member of Company B. was found, cold and
stiff, lying just outside of his quarters. A stray bul-
let, — and a promising existence was cut short.
The policy of the government was to station
American troops in every Cuban city of any im-
portance, to protect the weak, be they Spanish or
Cuban, and to assist and instruct in the formation
of a municipal government. Colonel Marshall was
ordered to send a detachment to Palma Soriano,
seventeen miles away, for this purpose, and to com-
mand this post he made the happy selection of Maj.
Robert R. Jackson, Company E., Capt. Richard I'.
Roots and Company F.. Capt. William B. Akers.
with Lient. Curtis as medical officer, formed his
Raima, owing to its great number of Spanish
inhabitants, was known as "Little Spain," and a
master hand was needed to keep the two old enemies
from clashing. Major Jackson succeeded in doing
this very well, so well, in fact, that Cubans and
Spaniards alike expressed regret when the "Com-
mandante" was ordered to return to the regiment
at San Luis.
Captain Roots succeeded him as commander of
the post and how well he performed his duties is
attested by a petition signed by all the leading citi-
zens sent to the General, asking that Capt. Roots
be retained at that post when it had been rumored
that he and his command were to be ordered to the
hills outside the city.
At Raima, this command passed a quiet, rather
uneventful period, marked by no serious disturb-
ances, saddened only twice by death, and gladdened
several times by marriages, with soldier grooms and
Cuban girls as brides.
The sad death of Sergt. George Patterson of
Company F. early in December, cast a gloom over
the entire detachment. Resentment and revenge
we're the first sentiments that stirred his comrades
when his dead body was found, for it was at first
thought that he had been shot by a Cuban or a
Spaniard. Investigation showed, however, that he
had accidentally killed himself while hunting alliga-
During this time history was fast making
with the regiment at San Luis. Colonel Marshall
possessed the full confidence of the general com-
manding and great power was given into his hand.
For months, the regiment was camped, about a
mile from San Luis, on a hill called by the boys,
"Bull Run." This name dated from the night when
the Cuban in his ox cart created so much excite-
ment and shooting, during which one of the oxen
was shot to pieces.
For the sake of better quarters, after it
became known that a long stay was in store
for the Eighth, Col. Marshall moved the regiment
into the old Spanish barracks and arsenal within
the limits of the city. Then, he proceeded to give
the natives a lesson in the American idea of munici-
pal government. He caused the streets, the yards,
in fact, the entire city, to be cleaned. He allowed
the Cubans to enter the lines to trade and sell, and,
in a short time, they became veritable Jews as trad-
Pay days came regularly and often, and large
amounts were spent amongst the merchants, so that
in a short time, listlessness and stagnation gave
way to activity and life.
The store keepers commenced to put on their
shelves delicacies and foods that would tickle only
an American's palate. American beer was soon to
be had on every hand. When one visited Santiago,
he was approached every moment either by a boot-
black who would say, "you, shine," or by a news-
boy with papers two weeks old.
Shortly after the Eighth became settled in bar-
racks, the Ninth United States Volunteers, a negro
regiment with white officers, camped on the out-
skirts of the city. They soon became involved in a
difficulty which unfortunately was reported to have
been participated in by the Eighth.. It was soon
learned that a most base plot was on foot amongst
those clo'se to headquarters at Santiago, to discredit
if possible the Eighth Illinois — or rather, the colored
officers of the Eighth Illinois. Officers high in
authority saw that the experiment was about to be
a success, and tried through unprincipled tools to
so distort facts, and to so conceal the truth that
another century would pass before a negro Colonel
should again head a regiment.
A member of the Ninth Immunes became in-
volved in a quarrel with a member of the Cuban
police and was shot dead. A general fight resulted
with the Cubans on one side and the Ninth Regi-
ment on the other. The Eighth, meanwhile was a
mile distant. But the Colonel of the Eighth, with
his accustomed energy, and with matchless courage,
as soon as he heard the firing, rode to that point,
recognized at a glance the state of affairs, spurred
directly up to the house from which the Cubans
were firing, and put an end to the shooting. Gen.
Ewers, as soon as he was informed of the affair,
placed Colonel Marshall in charge of the Ninth, and
that night the "news" was flashed to America that
the Ninth Immunes and the Eighth Illinois had
killed five Cubans.
As a result of the unfortunate affair, however,
it became the policy at headquarters to remove the
troops from the city, and Camp Marshall, three
miles from San Luis, became the home of the regi-
ment. Tragic and historical events were few at this
point, but here was developed one of the finest vol-
unteer regiments that was ever in a field. For mili-
tary precision and cleanliness, Gen. Ewers said that
the camp of the Eighth was the first on the island.
The planning of the camp, and the execution of its
details was the handiwork of Lieut. Colonel John-
Battalion and company drills in the morning
were followed in the evening by regimental parade.
Guard duty came to each soldier about once every
ten days, and in the intervals between these duties,
the men were free to follow their own inclinations.
By some, this time was employed visiting the Cuban
girls ; by others in playing base ball, foot ball or
cards ; others devoted their time to the study of tac-
tics and individual drill.
The post hospital at San Luis, for the reception
of patients from the 23rd Kansas and the Eighth
Illinois consisting of several large buildings erected
by the Spaniards, was directly under the charge of
Maj. Allen A. Wesley. A corps of more than
forty well trained men looked out for the wants of
the patients, and administered the medicines pre-
scribed by the surgeons. At the camp, the field hos-
pital was in charge of Lieut. E. S. Miller, and
at times more than three hundred men were treated
If the Eighth were given a chance to testify, it
would say that Uncle Sam takes splendid care of his
They never, for any length of time, needed any-
thing allowed to a soldier by regulations. Clothing,
of good quality, was almost always on hand. After
the first two months, the most fastidious could not
consistently complain of the rations issued. Fresh
American beef was received daily from Santiago,
and fresh bread was baked every day in the regi-
mental bakery. Beans, peas, tomatoes, rice, hominy,
bacon, dried apples, salmon, Irish potatoes, and
sweet potatoes were supplied in sufficient quantities.
Of course, after a time, the diet became monoto-
nous, but it was nevertheless entirely wholesome
and all that could be expected, except in the case of
the sick in the hospital. At first the government
did not supply any delicacies, or articles of diet, suit-
ablefor aninvalid. These facts were known in Chicago
and the following committee represented the Auxil-
iary in the raising and disbursing of funds ; Mrs.
Emma Phelphs, Mrs. John R. Marshall, Mrs. Rob-
ert Jackson and Mrs. Harvey Thompson. Mr James
Gilbert, of the Garden City National Bank, acted as
treasurer and contributed aid to the enterprise.
By steady and consistent efforts, the auxiliary
raised over $600.00 and expended it in the purchase
of hospital supplies, such as oatmeal, condensed
milk, canned fruits, canned soups, castile soap, co-
coa, beef extract and nightshirts.
Thanksgiving morning, William T. Taylor, the
druggist, departed for San Luis in charge of the
No one, not connected with the hospital, can
ever imagine the incalculable amount of good that
these supplies did. Before their arrival, the fever
stricken boys were compelled to eat the regular
army rations which were hardy for even a well man.
Clam broths and chicken soups took the olsre of
beans and hard tack, and the cool, clean nightshirts
supplanted the hot, regulation blue.
Many a blessing was called down by the pa-
tients upon the Auxiliary, and all who contributed
to the funds, and the efforts of the surgeons were
materially aided by the use of the foods.
Alter Christmas, the regiment settled down to
speculation upon the return home. Reveille blew
every morning and taps every night for months and
months, every day of which was just like the other.
Pay days came and passed ; inspections were or-
dered and carried out ; drills followed drills and the
regiment improved day by day. Cubans were be-
coming every day more friendly. Several marriages
resulted from this increased friendship, and the lit-
tle god plaved some of his most peculiar pranks.
Men married girls to whom they couldn't say a
dozen words ; the interpreter was an absolute neces-
sity at every marriage, and households were set up
that were destined soon to be torn down.
( )n the first day of February the camp was in
an uproar. Drills were broken up. guards left their
posts, meals were forgotten, and the cheering could
bo heard a mile. News had just come that the
tiansport Chester would'be in Santiago on the twen-
tieth to carry the regiment home. Officers and men
alike joined in a general thanksgiving, for they were
all going back to America. The days dragged slowly
by : the twentieth came and passed, but no orders to
move came with it. Early the next Sunday morn-
ing the order was given out to prepare for general
At last the great day had arrived, — the success of
the experiment which meant so much to the officers,
the regiment and the colored people in general, was
about to be tested. Had the Eighth done all that
the government expected it to? Were the men well
drilled, and was the camp both military and sani-
tary? Would the officers prove equal to their task,
and would the men to-day, on this day of all days,
prove to the United States government that negro
soldiers can become as military under negro offi-
cers as they ever became under white officers ?
These questions were uppermost in the minds
of all, and when the sun went down that night it
shed its rays on a regiment that was, as Gen.
Breckinridge, the inspecting officer, said, "as fine
a volunteer regiment as was ever mustered into the
General Breckenridge complimented Col. Mar-
shall very highly upon the splendid showing that
the Eighth had made, and stated that it was "a shame
to muster out of service such an excellent regi-
ment." Capt. R. S. Woodson, Medical Director, in-
spected the hospital and in his report said, "the two
wards were in excellent sanitary condition ; * * *
the medicines were dispensed from carefully written
This day marked the death of the old stalking
horse that negroes were unable to command their
own race. Gen. Breckenridge and Capt. Woodson
told the world that the broad shoulders of the ne-
groes were not too narrow for the shoulder straps.
That beautiful Sunday in far off Cuba, placed the
negro as an officer on the same high plane that he
had heretofore occupied as a private.
Now the Eighth was ready to go home, the mis-,
sion was accomplished. Many a man had left his
home and his family with this one thought urging
him on, — if this regiment is a success, the last bar-
rier that stands between my race and complete free-
dom will be swept away.
The day of repatriation was again set, and on the
morning of March ioth, the regiment marched gaily
into San Luis, its colors flying and the band playing,
"There'll Be a Hot Time," and "Honey, Let Me
Bring My Clothes Back Home." The journey by
rail to Santiago was a short one, and by evening the
entire command was aboard the Sedgwick waiting
for the morrow.
The passage on the Sedgwick was much better
in every respect than had been the one on the Yale,
and Thursday morning, March 16th, the hoat
dropped anchor off shore from Newport News, Va.
A tragic and sorrowful incident of the trip was the
death of the baby daughter of Major and Mrs.
Robert Jackson. Of feeble health in Cuba, the
change of climate as the boat steamed north-
ward, hastened the death that had been pending for
some time. The little one was buried at Newport
Through Virginia and Kentucky the train sped.
Indiana was crossed with but few stops, and Satur-
day afternon, March 18th, the Eighth Illinois is in
Chicago. Home at last, and a true Chicago wel-
come it received. A magnificent ovation all along the
line of parade ; a glorious banquet ; a mammoth re-
ception, and the tedious work of mustering out was
But twenty noble souls had already been mus-
tered out. Twenty young lives had been given up
far from home and friends that the cause of justice
and freedom might live forever. The Great Muster-
ing Officer had already received their records and
said, -well done, thou good and faithful servants."
Glorious death in battle was not theirs, but no less
glorious was their death, for they died for their
Hag and for their country.
Maj. George Pickett paid the last private in
Company M. late on the third of April. Eighteen
Hundred and Ninety-nine, and the Eighth Illinois
United States Volunteers ceased to exist.
Tattersall's. in Chicago, which had been the bar-
lacks of the regiment since its arrival in Chicago,
was the scene of this historic event.
President McKinley said when the Eighth
volunteered to relieve the fever-stricken First, "that
it was the proudest moment of his life." Now that
the Eighth has served, and has been mustered out
with a most excellent record, his pride is shared by
all who know of the regiment, and what was once
an experiment is now an assured success.
Dinner at Tatteksai.l's
Spanish Block House
THE HEROES OF THE EIGHTH.
Company B. Died, Springfield, 111., August
Company D. Died, New York City, August
Company B. Killed on Rousseau's Hill, San
Luis, August 19, 1898.
Company C. Died, San Luis, SeDteniber 14,
Company K. Died, San Luis, September 16,
BYRON L. LAKEMAN,
Company I. Died, San Luis, October 3, 1S98.
Company B. Died, San Luis, October 7, 1898.
Band. Died, San Luis, October 22, 1898.
Company G. Died, San Luis, October 31, 1898.
Company K. Died, San Luis, November 27, 1898.
Company F. Accidentally killed himself, Palma,
December 1, 1898.
Company G. Died, San Luis, December 26,
SIMON B. PETERS,
Company B. Died, San Luis, January 20, 1899.
Company B. Died, San Luis, January 21, 1899.
Company F. Died, Palma Soriano, February
Company G. Killed by Cuban, Santiago, Feb-
ruary 17, 1899.
Company A. Died San Luis, February 17, 1899.
Company A. Died, San Luis, March 2, 1899.
Company L. Died, San Luis, March 2, 1899.
Company I. Died San Luis, March 11, 1S99.
General Hospital, Santiago
Non-Commissioned Officers' Club, Talma
ROSTER OF STAFF
COLONEL, JOHN R. MARSHALL.
LIEUTENANT COLONEL, JAMES H. JOHNSON. .
MAJOR, ROBERT R. JACKSON.
MAJOR, FRANKLIN A. DENISON.
MAJOR, ALLEN A. WESLEY.
ADJUTANT, HARVEY A. THOMPSON.
QUARTERMASTER, JAMES S. NELSON.
ASSISTANT SURGEON, JAMES WEBB CURTIS.
ASSISTANT SURGEON, EDWARD S. MILLER.
CHAPLAIN, JORDAN CHAVIS.
NON-COMM ISSIONED STAFF
SERGEANT MAJOR, GEORGE L. WHITE.
QUARTERMASTER SERGEANT, LINCOLN VALLEY.
CHIEF MUSICIAN, WILLIAM BARNETT.
CHIEF TRUMPETER, CHARLES HUNT.
PRINCIPAL MUSICIAN, WILLIAM COOPER.
HOSPITAL STEWARD, CURTIS SOMERVILLE,
HOSPITAL STEWARD, HARRY S. McCARD.
HOSPITAL STEWARD, HENRY TURNLEY.
Northeast Corner State St. and Jackson Blvd.
THE STORE WITH THE 4-LEAF CLOVER ABOVE THE ENTRANCE.
THE PEOPLE'S STORE.
This greatest value-giving store, devoted exclu-
sively to Men's and Boys' Clothing, Hats and
_^__ == ___^ = ____^^^ = ____^ = ^ = _____ Furnishings, is in its second year. It proved a great
success from the start, from the very fact that it gives
greater valves for less money than any clothing store in the city of Chicago. We cater to people's wishes in every detail.
We keep in repair FREE FOR ONE YEAR all clothing bought here. COME AND INVESTIGATE. We quote a few
Men's Nobby Suits, in new and stylish fabrics of all-wool,
sniooth-tinished cassimeres, blue and black unfinished
worsteds, beautifully tailored throughout, perfect fit guar-
anteed, sizes to suit everybody — they cannot be found else-
where for less than $12 — Our special
Special Hat Value. We give the best values in hats
money. This Special Value is in both Derby and
Styles, the very latest correct styles and
all shades — this is positively a $3.00 hat,
Our Special Price
Men's Very Stylish Top Coats, all this
season's productions, in new and
nobby double-twist and smooth-fin-
ished covert cloths, plain ov strapped
seams, perfect fit guaranteed — this really a $12 garment, the
price elsewhere— Our special price $7.50.
Our Finest Top Coats and Suits were selected with the utmost care. The Suits in single and double breasted sacks, 3-button
cutaways and stylish Prince Alberts. The Top Coats in the swell box and regular styles —
many exclusive designs, according to our own specifications. We positively guarantee
you a saving of at least 25 per cent, at our prices
Special Shirt Value. We carry the best line of Men's Furnish-
ings in Chicago. Special Colored Dress Shirts not to be found
elsewhere — 24 new patterns to select from — 2 standing
collars to match and one pair cuffs —
positively sold for $1,75 and $2 00 — but
here for ....
ana uouoie ureasted sacks, 3-button
$15 to $35
E. A. Armstrong Mfg. Co.
300-304 Wabash Avenue
Next to Auditorium ^ CHICAGO J*S
Uniforms and Uquip-
SOCIETY UNIFORMS l* REGALIA j* JEWELS jt
COSTUMES jtjt ETC.
J. B. WILSON
389 State Street
Old and New Pictures Copied and
Enlarged Open Sundays
^ '/S? 223^
Tailors d£ S
174 EAST MADISON STREET
G. F. FOSTER, SON & CO.
All Military Equipments, Flags,
Banners and Badges ±h -m %h
Uniforms for All Purposes <m %h
Secret Society Goods, Etc. <m %h
C. T. Mackay & V. M. Mackay
419 36th Street, Chicago.
Tailors and Drapers
CLEANING, DYEING and PRESSING
Ladies' Garments Altered Latest Style J*
Work Called for and Delivered
'Phone, South 1003
Trunks To and From
All Depots jt Jt
J. H. COLEMAN'S
Laundry and Express
Moving, Packing and Shipping
STORAGE Jtjtjt 2540 STATE STREET
NOW, when we get chicken we don't get bone,
They are all glad to see us bring our clothes back home.
We always get what we like best,
That is why we get our Shoes at
In BLACK and TAN
231 State st.
The Elite Buffet
T. Garner Up W. H. Weller
3030 State Street
Fine Wines, Liquors
E. F. HARMAN & CO., W
Experts in jj^
WE DO J
A GENERAL LINE OF CATALOG ^
AND COMMERCIAL PRINTING.
A\n DEARBORN \i/
~r > / streets yiif
COPYRIGHT APPLIED FOR