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Full text of "A history of the English turf"

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A HISTORY OF 



THE 



ENGLISH TURF 



BY 



THEODORE ANDREA COOK, M.A., F.S.A. 



" If I were to begin life again I would go on the Turf to get friends. They seem 
to me the only people who really hold close together. I don't know why ; it 
may be that each knows something that might hang the other, but the effect is 
delightful and most peculiar. " Harriet, Lady Ashburton, to Ij>rd Hoiighton. 



Mitb 



VOL. III. 




LONDON 
VIRTUE AND COMPANY, CITY ROAD, E.G. 



IWnLSb. 
. Dept. 



LONDON t 

PRINTED BY WILLIAM CLOWES AND SONS, LIMITED, 
DUKE STREET, STAMFORD STREET, S.E.; AND GREAT WINDMILL STREET, W. 



r 
C 7 

5 



Co 

THE RIGHT HONOURABLE 

WILLIAM JOHN ARTHUR CHARLES JAMES CAVENDISH BENTINCK 

K.G., P.C., G.C.V.O. 

SIXTH DUKE OF PORTLAND 

MASTER OF THE HORSE 

OWNER OF ST. SIMON 



THE BEST STALLION NOW ALIVE 
AND OF 

DONOVAN, AYRSHIRE, MEMOIR, MRS. BUTTERWICK, 
AMIABLE, LA ROCHE, CARBINE, AND WILLIAM THE THIRD 

WHO BEARS A 

NAME 

AS ILLUSTRIOUS IN THE ANNALS OF HIS COUNTRY 

AS IT IS FAMOUS IN THE HISTORY OF 

THE ENGLISH TURF 



is 1f)ir& ^olitmc is by permission 



BY 

THE WRITER. 



137377 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 

(VOL. III.) 



PHOTOGRAVURES. 

FACING PAGE 

His MAJESTY KING EDWARD VII. ... ... ... ... Frontispiece 

Owner of Persimmon and Diamond Jubilee. From the photograph by Haron A. de Meyer. (By His Majesty's 
special permission.) 

LII.Y AGNES AND FLEUR DE LYS ... ... ... ... 474 

From the painting by Emil Adam. (By permission of His Grace the Duke of Westminster.) 

BEND OR (1877) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 5^ 

From the painting by Emil Adam. (By permission of His Grace the Duke of Westminster.) 

ORMONDE ... ... ... ... ... ... 53 

From the painting by Emil Adam. (By permission of His Grace the Duke of Westminster.) 

ORME ... ... ... ... ... ... 54 8 

From the painting by Emil Adam. (By permission of His Grace the Duke of Westminster.) 

FLYING Fox... ... ... ... ... ... ... 578 

From the painting by Allen C. Seaby. (By permission of the publisher, F. G. McQueen.) 

CLOISTER (GRAND NATIONAL, 1893) ... ... ... tx>4 

The property of C. G. Duff, Esq. From the painting by J. Matthews. (By permission of C. G. Duff, Esq.) 

ISINGLASS (1890) ... ... ... ... ... 624 

From the painting by Isaac Cullen. (By permission of the publisher, F. G. McQueen.) 

LADAS by Hampton; with WATTS and MATTHEW DAWSON ... ... 644 

The property of the Right Hon. the Earl of Rosebery. From the painting by Emil Adam. (By permission of 
the Right Hon. the Earl of Kosebery.) 

EPSOM LAD by Ladas ... ... ... ... 666 

The property of J. Buchanan, Esq. From the painting by Emil Adam. (By permission of J. Buchanan, Esq.) 

THE DERBY OF 1896 ... ... ... ... ... 684 

H.R.H. the Prince of Wales's Persimmon beating Mr. Leopold de Rothschild's St. Frusquin. From the 
painting by G. D. Giles. (By permission of the Artist.) 

SCEPTRE (1899) by Persimmon out of Ornament ... 7 

Winner of the One Thousand, Two Thousand, Oaks, and St. Leger. The property of Mr. R. S. Sievier. 
From a photograph by W. A. Rouch. 



TEXT. 

I'AGF. 

Mr. T. Parr's Weathergagc (1849) by Weatherbit 466 

(By permission of Leopold de Rothschild, Esq.) 

Melbourne by Humphrey Clinker (1834) ... ... 4 6 7 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

The Dead Heat between Lucerne and Tristan for the Champion Stakes of 1884 ... 469 

From the painting by J. Sturgess in the possession of Leopold de Rothschild, Esq. 

Collingivood ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 47 

Colonel Anson's Attila (1839) by Colwick ... 471 

VOL. in. n 



ii LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 

PAGE 

Cossack by Hctinaiiii Platoff (1844) ... ... ... ... ... ... 472 

From the painting by H. Hall. 

Mr. John Bowes's Cotherstonc (1840) by Touchstone ... ... ... ... 473 

West A ustralian by Melbourne (1850)... ... ... ... ... ... 47 5 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

Queen Bertha by Kingston ( 1 860) ... ... ... ... ... ... 476 

I-'rom the picture by Henry Hall. 

Lancrcost by Liverpool (1835) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 477 

From the picture by Harrington. 

Rataplan by The Baron (1850) ... ... ... ... ... ... 4/8 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

Alice Haivthorn by Muley Moloch (1838) ... ... 478 

From the picture by W. Tasker. 

Queen Mary by Gladiator (1843) ... 479 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

Caller Ou ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 48 

From the original painting by H. Hall. (By permission of H.R.H. Prince Christian.) 

Plenipotentiary by Emilius (1831) ... 481 

From the picture by R. Crane. 

Carbine at the Stud ... ... ... 482 

(By permission of Country Life.) 

Daniel O'Rourke by Birdcatcher (1849) ... ... ... .. 483 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

Stockwell by The Baron (1847) 4$4 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

The Fifth Earl of Glasgow ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 486 

From a drawing by J. E. Cook. 

Admiral Rous ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 488 

From a drawing by J. E. Cook. 

Boehm's Statue of King Tom ... ... ... ... ... ... 490 

(By permission of Country Life.) 

Newminster by Touchstone (1848) ... .'.. ... ... ... 491 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

Teddington by Orlando ( 1 848) ... ... ... ... ... ... 492 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

Catherine Hayes by Lanercost (1850) ... ... ... ... ... ... 494 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

The Fourteenth Earl of Derby ... ... ... ... ... ... 495 

From the drawing by Haydon. 

Surplice and Canezou ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 497 

From an engraving after the picture by H. Hall. 

The Third Viscount Palmerston ... ... ... ... ... ... 498 

From the drawing by Richmond. 

Blink Bonny by Melbourne (1854) .. ... ... ... ... ... 500 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

Virago by Pyrrhus the First (1851) ... ... ... ... ... ... 501 

From the picture by H. Hall. 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. iii 



PAGE 



Gemma di Vergy by Sir Hercules ... ... ... ... ... ... 503 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

Andover by Bay Middleton (1851) ... ... ... ... 504 

From the picture by H. Mall. 

Jem Robinson ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 505 

Voltigeur and The Flying Dutchman ... ... ... ... ... ... 506 

From the picture by H. Nisbet. 

Voltigeur by Voltaire (1847) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 508 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

George Payne, M.F. H. ... ... ... ... ... ... 509 

From a print in the possession of H.R.H. Prince Christian. 

Lord Lyon ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 5 IO 

From the original painting in possession of Leopold de Rothschild, Esq. 

Henry, Seventh Duke of Beaufort ... ... ... ... ... 511 

From a drawing by J. E. Cook. 

General Peel ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 512 

From a drawing by J. E. Cook. 

Beadsman by Weatherbit (1855) ... ... ... ... ... ... 513 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

Blue Gown by Beadsman (1865) ... .. ... ... ... 514 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

Pero Gomez by Beadsman (1866) ... ... ... ... ... ... 515 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

Doncaster in 1876 ... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... 516 

From the original painting in the possession of the Uuke of Westminster at Eaton. 

Busybody by Petrarch (1881) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 517 

(By permission of Country Life.) 

Lord Falmouth ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 518 

(By permission of Country Life.} 

Camarine by Juniper (1828) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 520 

From the picture by J. F. Herring. 

Lucetta by Reveller (1826) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 521 

From the picture by J. F. Herring. 

Fisherman by Heron (1853) ... ... ... ... ... ... 523 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

Fandango by Barnton (1852) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 524 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

" Tommy and Toddy " ; or the English and the American seat, Newmarket, 1898. 526 

(By permission of Leopold de Rothschild, Esq.) 

J. Reiff ... 527 

From the picture by Mrs. Sachs. 

Joe Miller by Venison (1849) ... ... ... ... ... ... 528 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

Wild Dayrell by Ion (1852) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 530 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

George Fordham ... ... ... ... ... ... 532 

From a drawing by J. E. Cook. 

Ellington by The Flying Dittclnnan (1853) ... ... 533 

From the picture by H. Hall. 



iv LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 

PAGE 

Imperieiise by Orlando (1854) ... ... ... ... ... .... 534 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

Cherry by Sterling, with Fred Archer up ... ... ... ... ... 536 

From the original painting by W. Sextie in the possession of W. Brodrick Cloete, Esq. 

Sannterer by Birdcatcher (1854) ... ... ...538 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

St. Albans by Stockwell (1857) ... ... 540 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

Thormanby by Wmdhound (1857) ... ... ... ... ... ... 542 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

Robert the Devil ... ... ... ... ... ... 545 

On the Ogbourne Downs, Wiltshire ... ... ... ... ... ... 546 

(By permission of Mr. Calvert.) 

The Yearlings' Boxes, Sandringham ... ... ... ... ... 547 

(By permission of His Majesty the King.) 

Wishard's Sand-bath ... 549 

( By permission of Conn fry Life. ) 

Leveret at Sandringham ... ... ... ... 55 

(By permission of His Majesty the King.) 

The Stud Groom's House, Sandringham ... 551 

(By permission of His Majesty the King.) 

The Mares' Yard, Sandringham ... ... ... ... ... .. 552 

(By permission of His Majesty the King.) 

Nonsuch with filly by Persimmon at Sandringham ... ,.. ... ... 553 

(By permission of His Majesty the King.) 

Launcelot (1837) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 555 

(Ry permission of the Duke of Westminster. ) 

Ayrshire by Hampton (1885) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 557 

(By permission of Country Life.} 

Mcadowchat at Sandringham ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 558 

(By permission of His Majesty the King.) 

Macaroni by Sweetmeat (1860) ... ... ... ... ... ... 559 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

Lord Clifdcn by Newminster ( 1 860) ... ... ... ... ... ... 561 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

Gladiatetir by Monarque (1862) ... .. ... ... 562 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

Regalia by Stockwell (1862) ... ... ... ... ... 563 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

Fille de I' A ir by Foig-a-Ballagh ( 1 86 1 ) . . . ... ... 565 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

Blair A thai by Stockwell (i86\) ... ... 5^7 

From tlie picture by H. Hall. 

Prince Batthyany ... ... ... ... ... ... 569 

From a drawing by J. E. Cook. 

St. Simon ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 571 

Sir Visto with S. Loates and Matthew Dawson ... ... 573 

From the original painting by Emil Adam in the possession of Lord Rosebery. 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. v 

PAGE 

Hippia by King Tom ( 1 864) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 575 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

Richard Tattersall (d. 1859) ... ... ... ... ... ... 576 

From a print in the British Museum. 

Kingcraft by King Tom (1867) ... ... ... ... ... ... 577 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

Formosa by Buccaneer (1865) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 579 

From the picture by H. Hall. 

Mr. Coulthwaite's Stables. An easy fence for a youngster ... ... ... 582 

Finish of the Grand Military Steeplechase near Newmarket (March, 1856). 

Mr. de Winton on Primrose and Mr. Maddox on Creole leading the field ... 585 

From an engraving by Charles Hunt in the possession of H.R. H. Prince Christian. 

In Sussex. Teaching a young one ... ... ... ... ... ... 588 

A real stiff one. Mr. Coulthwaite's training-grounds at Hednesford ... ... 590 

Father O'F/ynn (with Roddy Owen) ... ... ... ... ... ... 592 

From the original painting by Captain Adrian Jones. 

Kempton. Two beauties over the water ... ... ... ... ... 594 

Wild Man from Borneo ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 596 

Sandown past and present. From left to right. Rathcannon (Mr. Rashbottom), 

Band of Hope (the late Captain Hon. R. Ward), Carnroc (Captain R. H. Collis) 598 

Mr. E. Wood and Droghcda ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 600 

Kempton Park. King David ahead, Ambush II. on the right, Drogheda on 

the left ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 602 

His Majesty the King's Ambush II. ... ... ... ... ... .:. 605 

Sandown. The Grand Military Gold Cup. Marpessa and Major Onslow on the 

right, Ambush II. and the late Captain Hon. R. Ward on the left ... .. 606 

Grudon (Grand National, 1901) ... ... 608 

Kempton. Making the pace in a maiden hurdle race ... ... 610 

Shannon Lass (Grand National, 1902) ... ... 611 

Dnimcrec (Grand National, 1903) ... ... 613 

Liverpool. Grand National of 1903. Mathew and Pawnbroker leading over the 

water ... ... ... 614 

Manifesto ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 615 

Mr. Edmund Tattersall ... ... ... ... ... 618 

(By permission of Country Life.} 

The Cambridgeshire of 1896. i. Winkficld's Pride. 2. Yorker. 3. Laodamia. 

4. Chitchat ... ... ... ... 619 

(By permission of Mr. Calvert.) 

Henry Custance 

From a pencil drawing by Jane E. Cook. 

Tom Cannon 

From a pencil drawing by Jane E. Cook. 

Lord Russell of Killowen ...... 623 

From a photo by Elliott & Fry. (By permission of Country Life.) 

H.R.H. Prince Christian of Schleswig Holstein 624 



vi LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 

PAGE 

The Cesarewitch of 1896. i. St. Bris. 2. Chitchat. 3. Laodamia ... ... 625 

(By permission of Mr. Calvert.) 

Finish of the Derby of 1900. Diamond Jubilee wins ... ... ... ... 626 

Mr. John Porter ... ... ... ... ... ... 627 

From a pencil drawing by Jane E. Cook. 

John Corlett, Esq. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... g 2 8 

From a photo by T. Fall. ( By permission of Country Life. ) 

Newmarket. Craven Meeting, 1902 ... ... ... ... ... 529 

Finish of the Derby of 1901 ... ... ... ... g^ o 

Mr. Matthew Dawson ... ... ... ... g,, 

From a drawing by Jane E. Cook. 

Minting ... ... g 32 

From the painting by Emil Adam. (By permission of Messrs. Hanfstaengl.) 

Surefoot ... ... ... ... ... ... 

From the painting by Captain Adrian Jones. 

Sainfoin ... ... ... ... ... g , * 

From the painting by Captain Adrian Jones. 

Sir J. Blundell Maple's Common ... ... g,-, 

(By permission of Country Life.) 

La Fleche, with filly by Morion ... ... 

(By permission of Country Life.} 

Throstle ... ... <5 4O 

(By permission of Country Life.} 

Perdita II. ... ... ... ... ... ... g . 2 

From a photograph taken at Sandringham. (Reproduced by permission of His Majesty the King.) 

Jeddah (1895) by Janissary ... ... ... g.. 

His Majesty's Mead by Persimmon ... ... 644 

Florizelll. 

(By permission of Country Life.} 

Diamond Jubilee (1897) by St. Simon ... ... ... ... 646 

The Sixth Duke of Portland ... ... g... 

From a pencil drawing by Jane E. Cook. 

William the Third (1898) by St. Simon... ... ... ... ... 648 

Seabreeze ... ... ... ... ... g. q 

From the photograph by Sherborn. 

Donovan ... ... ... ... ... 

From the painting by Emil Adam. (By permission of Messrs. Hanfstaengl.) 

Memoir ... ... ... ... g . 

From the painting by Emil Adam. (By permission of Messrs. Hanfstaengl. ) 

Merman (1892, Australia) ... ... ... ... g,,, 

Trenton ... ... ... ... ... ... ... g,., 

(By permission of Country Life.} 

Australian Star (1896, Australia) ... ... ... ... ... g 54 

Clwyd b. c. by Beauclerc out of Strathbrock ... ... ... ... ... g 5S 

(By permission of Mr. Calvert.) 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. vil 

PAGE 

Kilcock ((892) by Kilwarlin ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 656 

The Great Jubilee Stakes, 1897. Clwyd beats Kilcock and Victor IVild ... ... 657 

(By permission cf Mr. Calvert. ) 

Kendal ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 658 

(By permission of Country Life.) 

Galtcc More ( 1 894) by Kendal . . . ... ... ... ... ... ... 659 

Velasquez ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 660 

From the painting by Emil Adam in the possession of Lord Rosebery. 

Amphion ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 66 1 

From the painting by Captain Adrian Jones. 

Melton ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 662 

(By permission of Country Life.) 

Bend Or at Eaton ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 663 

(By permission of Country Life.) 

The First Duke of Westminster ... .:. ... ... ... ... 664 

From a pencil drawing by Jane E. Cook. 

Fred Archer ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 665 

From a pencil drawing by Jane E. Cook. 

The late Duke of Westminster leading in Flying Fox after the Eclipse Stakes 

(M. Cannon up) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 666 

Alicante ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 667 

From the painting by Harrington Bird in the possession of Leopold de Rothschild, Esq. 

" Mr. Acton's " Sir Bevy s, with George Fordham, winner of the Derby of 1879 ... 668 

From the painting in the possession of Leopold de Rothschild, Esq. 

Mr. L. de Rothschild's St. Frusquin ... ... ... ... ... ... 669 

(By permission of Country Life.) 

Doricles (1898) by Florizel II. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 670 

Cap and Bells II. (1898) by Domino ... ... ... ... ... ... 673 

Volodyovski (1898) by Florizel II. ... ... .. ... ... ... 674 

Elizabeth M. (1898, U.S.A.) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 675 

The Duchess of Montrose ("Mr. Manton") ... ... ... ... ... 676 

From a photo by Thomson. (By permission of Country Life. ) 

Sir John Astley on Drumhead (6 yrs., i6st. 6lb.) ... ... ... .. 677 

(By permission of Sir F. Astley Corbett.) 

Sir John Astley ("The Mate") ... ... ... .. 679 

From the painting by Millais in the possession of Sir F. Astley Corbett. 

Ravensbury ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 680 

(By permission of Country Life.} 

Goletta ( 1 894) by Galopin ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 68 1 

Caiman (1896, U.S.A.) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 682 

Chelandry (1894) by Goldfinch ... ... ... .. ... ... ... 683 

Mr. Hugh Owen at the starting-gate ... ... ... ... ... ... 684 

Sir J. Blundell Maple ... ... ... ... ... 685 

(By permission of Country Life.} 

Prince Hampton ... ... ... ... ... 686 

(By permission of Country Life.} 

Royal Lancer ( 1 899) by Royal Hampton ... ... 687 



vin LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 

I'AGE 

The Earl of Durham ... ... ... ... ... ... 688 

From a. photo by Russell & Sons. ( By permission of Country Life. ) 

Hon. L. Willoughby (Newmarket, 1902) ... .. ... 689 

Mr. Somerville Tattersall ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 690 

Winifrcda (1897) by St. Simon ... ... ... ... ... ... 691 

O' Donovan Rossa (1897) by Donovan ... ... .. ... ... ... 693 

La Roche (1897) by St. Simon ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 694 

Strongbow (1897) by Morion out of La Fleche ... ... .. ... ... 695 

King's Courier (1897, U.S.A.) by Kingston ... ... ... 696 

Santoi ( 1 897) by Queen's Birthday ... ... ... ... ... ... 697 

Handicappcr (1898) by Matchmaker ... ... ... .. ... 698 

Finish of Sceptre's St. Leger (1902) ... ... ... ... ... ... 699 

(By permission of the Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News.) 

Maximum II. (Ascot Gold Cup, 1903) ... 7 

Bcndigo ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 701 

(By permission of Country Life.) 

Lord Howard de Walden's Zinfandcl ... ... .. ... ... ... 702 

Photo by Clarence Hailey, Newmarket. 

Ard Patrick (1899) by St. Florian ... ... ... ... ... ... 703 

From a photo by W. A. Rouch. 

Warren Hastings and his Arab ... ... ... ... ... ... 705 

From the original painting on porcelain by Stubbs (1791) in the possession of Sir Walter Gilbey. 

Mr. Wilfrid Blunt's Arab Azrek ... ... ... ... ... ... 706 

A Roman racer ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 706 

From a Grseco-Ronian gem of the first century A.D., in the possession of Mr. C. Newton-Robinson. 

Lord Roberts and his Arab Vonolel ... ... ... ... ... ... 707 

From the original sketch for his portrait by C. W. Furse, by permission of the artist. 

Thessalian racehorse ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 708 

From a gold coin of Larissa, B.C. 400, in the Montagu Collection. (By permission of the Autotype Co.) 

Pretty Polly (1901), with Lane up ... ... ... ... ... ... 708 

Thessalian mare and foal ... ... .. ... ... ... ... 708 

F'rom a gold coin of Larissa, B.C. 400, in the Montagu Collection. (By permission of the Autotype Co.) 

Sir Charles Bunbury, winner of the first Derby ... ... ... ... 709 

From the print after Dighton in possession of H.R.H. Prince Christian. 

Sir James Miller, winner of the Derby of 1903 .. ... ... ... ... 709 

A Roman racehorse ... ... ... .. ... 710 

Much enlarged from an Augustan carved sardonyx in the possession of J. P. Heseltine.Esq. (By permission of 
the Autotype Co.) 

Sir James Miller's Rock Sand (Derby, 1903) ... ... 711 

A Roman racer ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 712 

From a Grasco-Roman gem of the first century A.D., in the possession of Mr. C. Newton-Robinson. 

Ard Patrick beats Sceptre and Rock Sand (Eclipse Stakes, 1903) ... ... 713 

From the painting by G. D. Giles. (By permission of Mr. E. S. Tattersall.) 




A HISTORY OF 

THE ENGLISH TURF. 



CHAPTER XVIII. 

SOME EARLY VICTORIAN OWNERS. 

". . . The sport which Grafton loves, 
Which Spencer, Portland, Albemarle approves; 
Which kings have fostered, and a country's pride, 
Protest who may, will never cast aside." 

T T is a curious reflection that of the three men represented in the picture of Miss 
Elis (p. 462) which illustrated my chapter on Lord George Bentinck, two were 
alive when I was writing these pages in December, 1902 : John Kent, who holds the 
mare, and Abdale her jockey. The latter died about the middle of that month, and 
there cannot be many left who rode in the Goodwood Meeting of 1845, where the 
three-year-old Miss Elis won both Stakes and Cup. The field for the first 
numbered twenty-three, of which three besides the winner belonged to Lord George, 
his Jo/in o Gaunt finishing fourth. Three were aged horses, two were six-year-olds, 
seven were five-year-olds, and four were four-year-olds. The mare only carried 
5st. ;lb., and ran away with Kitchener nearly to the top of Trundle Hill after passing 
the winning-post. The next day she carried 7 St., receiving 4lb. from Mr. Gully's 
Weatlicrbit. Abdale rode her without spurs, and she won easily from a field of 
twelve, bringing in a heavy wager for Lord George, who was not sorry to have 
"got the better of Danebury." 

Abdale had previously won the One Thousand that year on the Duke of 

VOL. III. B 



4 66 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



Richmond's Picnic, which is the only classic standing to his name. He also carried 
off the Newmarket Handicap on Mr. Drinkald's Vol an Vent, the Great Ebor 
Handicap on Lord Zetland's Coheiress, and the Champagne Stakes at Doncaster on 
Princess Alice, after which Mr. Kent entertained a jovial crew, comprising Mr. 
"Beeswing" Orde, Mr. Pedley, "Assassin" Smith, and others at the Turf Tavern, 
and Lord George cheerfully paid ^"75 for their champagne. In 1846 Abdale won 
the New Stakes at Ascot on Lord George's filly Slander, and for Count Batthyany 




By permission of Leopold dc Rothschild, Esq, 



Mr. T. Parr's " Weathergage " (1849) by " Weatherbit? 



he secured the Brighton Stakes with Gannet in 1846, and the Royal Hunt Cup at 
Ascot with Tragical in the next season. At Goodwood in 1848 he won the 
Chesterfield Stakes with Mr. Urinkald's Marquis Conynghain. One of his earliest 
triumphs was the Great Yorkshire Handicap of 1842 at Doncaster on Sir Charles 
Monck's Galantlnts, by Langar, when he beat both Tommy Lye and Jem Robinson. 
His best victory against the latter was in the match between Miss Elis (6st. I2lb.) 
and the Duke of Bedford's Oakley (gst. 4lb.) for ^"300 a side "Across the Flat." 
His decider on Red Deer, after a dead heat with Neiacourt for the Somersetshire 



SOME EARLY VICTORIAN OWNERS. 



467 



Stakes, was always admired, and he won the same race again on the celebrated 
Sweetmeat. Twice in the same afternoon he ran a dead heat of three, the first for 
the Glasgow Stakes on Binnacle; the second a ^50 Handicap Plate, Ditch In, 
for which he finished on Naworth on level terms with Little Hampton and Alice 
Hawthorn. In the Nursery Stakes next day he made yet another dead heat on 
Green Pea, with Chappie on Dexterous. Such close finishes seem to have been more 
common then than now. In 1827 in a handicap plate Across the Flat, Robinson on 
Goshawk (4 yrs., 8st. 6lb.) twice rode a dead heat with Arnull on Stumps (5 yrs., gst. 
2lb.), and only just won the ,50 on the third attempt. The next year there was a 
dead heat for the Derby. 
In 1840 five two-year- 
olds started over the last 
half of the Abingdon 
Mile, and S. Rogers 
twice rode a dead heat 
on Jessica against T. 
Stephenson on the 
Fanchon filly. Then the 
owners divided. In 1839 
Charles XII. only won 
the Leger, after running 
off a dead heat with 
Euclid ; and his half- 
brother, Voltigeur, ran 

another dead heat with Russborough in the same event, but beat the Irish "dark 
horse " by a length in the decider. Curiously enough, both half-brothers won 
the Doncaster Cup two days later, as if to emphasise their previous hard-fought 
victories : Charles XII. beat Beeswing and Lanercost ; Voltigeiir beat The Flying- 
Dutchman, with whom his jockey, Marlow, played the fool even worse than he had 
done in the Derby of the year before. Neither of these results tends to show that 
a dead heat is necessarily a severe test to a real good horse. Listen, a moderate 
bay belonging to Mr. W. H. Johnstone, also distinguished himself in this manner. 
Ridden by W. Gates, he ran a triple dead heat for a sweepstake of 10 sovs. 
with Bcauclerc (S. Rogers) and Jenny Lind (Flatman). In the decider, ridden by 
F '. Butler, he beat Bcauclerc by a neck, and the mare was a bad third. He 




Melbourne " by " Hiimphrey Clinker " ( 1834). 



468 A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 

exactly repeated the performance at the next meeting with Fcstiis and fsis, in 
a handicap sweepstake of .140, and again won the decider, this time by a 
larger margin. John Osborne had several somewhat similar experiences as a 
jockey. He rode Cathedral in r865 a dead heat over three miles at Newcastle 
with Mr. McKenzie's Oppressor, and both horses broke down in the decider, which 
John won by a neck. 

Before Abdale took to training with Ska/to, a smart son of Colsterdale, who ran 
some races with Lifeboat that created great interest in 1859, he had a mount 
on Lord Zetland's Skirmisher (who had been only a neck behind Saunterer as a 
two-year-old at Ripon) in the Derby of 1857: He was fined ,\Q for disobedience 
at the post, and among the other jockeys who were there, John Osborne, F. Bates, 
and William Day survived him, though he was seventy-eight when he died. 
Skirmisher was by Voltigeur, who never got a winner of the Derby, Oaks, or Leger, 
reserving the triumphs of his blood until his line was older. But Skirmisher, like 
Buckstone, won the Ascot Cup, though he could not get into a place behind Blink 
Bonny at Epsom. The field he beat at Ascot included Gemma di Vergy, Sauntcrcr, 
Pretty Boy, Leamington, Winkfield, Rogerthorpe, and Warlock. He also beat 
Strathnarer for the Biennial at York, Fisherman for the Queen's Plate at Doncaster, 
at the meeting when the Blink Bonny riot took place, and Saunterer again for 
the Doncaster Stakes. Abdale was not in good circumstances when he died, a 
misfortune from which even increased fees have not sufficed to save all his 
successors. The first man who ever gave a jockey ^"500 is supposed to have been 
Captain Scott ; but it is also related that Captain Dowbiggen (concerning whom 
Lord Panmure sent the enigmatical message during the Crimean War) gave 
Robinson /iooo for winning the Leger on Matilda. Certainly Jem was glad 
enough to get the Duke of Rutland's annual ,50 in memory of Cadlands Derby, 
and was by no means well off at his death. Frank Butler, Nat Flatman, and Sam 
Rogers did better for themselves. But Aldcroft was not so fortunate ; and Norman, 
who rode Stockwell in the Two Thousand and Leger, and Regalia in the Oaks, was 
not much better off in his latter days than Bell or Marlow ; while Maidment, who 
won the Derby on Kisber and Cremorne, the Oaks on Hannah, and the Leo-er 

O 

on Hannah and Wenlock, has become very poor, though not in such bad 
straits as the late Morris, Galopins jockey. No doubt a boy learns something 
from his father's experience, whether that experience has been good or evil. The 
names of Watts and Cannon are sufficiently well-known examples ; and there can 



469 




4 i 

1 



t 



I 

"*5 

I 



!<1 

sf 



, 



470 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



hardly be a Loates alive who does not know all there is to know about his 
profession ; for there was H. Loates with The Rake and Friponnier ; Ben Loates 
with a promising son ; T. Loates with Isinglass ; and S. Loates with Harvester 
and Sir Visto. I do not know whether Abdale left a son ; but I am certain that 
he never forgot as long as he lived his connection with Lord George Bentinck, for 
the spell that noble owner left upon his generation is not forgotten yet. 

In the pages of those memoirs which reveal as much of his own character as 
of the weaknesses of his companions, Greville describes his quarrel with Lord 
George as having begun over "the first good racehorse he possessed, Preserve, 
which I bought for him in 1833. ... It was evident that our turf connexion could 

no longer subsist, and 
accordingly it was in- 
stantly dissolved, and 
other arrangements were 
made for his stud." The 
situation improved when 
Greville had Mango in 
the St. Leger. "John 
Day told me he was sure 
Lord George would gladly 
try him for me. I pro- 
posed it to him, and he 
instantly assented. We 
went down together and 

tried the horse. Mango won his trial, won the St. Leger, and George won .14,000 
on the race." 

The amazement of the Duke, Lord George's father, at "seeing a great number 
of horses running in the names of men whom he never saw or heard of," was 
only equalled by his indignation on learning that all those horses belonged to 
Lord George, who had promised "that he would not bet any more on the Turf." 
It was only the efforts of the Duchess which at last brought about reconciliation, 
and even pleasure in news of his son's doings. The quarrel with Greville was 
only temporarily made up. They became completely estranged, and irrevocably 
so, over Crucifix. The two cousins were as different as possible, and should never 
have been so closely associated in a pursuit as to the conduct of which they held 




SOME EARLY VICTORIAN OWNERS. 



471 



diametrically opposite views. Lord George, " iracundus, inexorabilis, acer," never 
forgave and never forgot. Ten years after their first quarrel, Mr. Greville's 
Alarm was at the post for the Derby in a field of thirty-one. Lord George had 
his eye upon them, through a large telescope, and it seems to have been with some 
satisfaction that he presently proclaimed in loud but level tones : " There is a 
tremendous row at the post. Mr. Hill's Libel has just savaged another horse. 
I think it is Mr. Greville's Alarm. ... It is Mr. Greville's Alarm. Now Mr. St. 
Paul's Mentor is joining in the fray. Between them they have forced Alarm over 
the ropes. Nat Flatman is lying on the ground. It looks as though he had broken 
one arm, which he is nursing with the other hand. He seems unable to rise." 

No wonder that Gre- 
ville wrote in September, 
1848, when the news of 
Lord George's death 
reached him : "He had 
the credit of virtues which 
he did not possess, or 
which were so mixed with 
vices that if all had been 
known he would have 
been most severely re- 
proached in reference to 
the matters in which he 
has been the most loudly CoL A " so "' s " AttiUt * ^^ *? " Colwick " 

and generally bepraised." This must be taken with all the reservation due to 
the " strong feelings of alienation and dislike " which the writer confesses to 
have existed between Lord George and himself. There is no doubt that the 
domineering attitude Lord George naturally and unaffectedly exhibited towards 
nearly every one with whom he came in contact accentuated and exacerbated 
the feelings of the Clerk of the Council. Only when he met men whose 
eccentricity of character and larger wealth enabled them to stand up to him, did 
Lord George in the least abate this haughty spirit. The tale of his coming 
into Crockforcl's on the eve of the Derby of 1843, and asking for "money" 
about Gaper, has probably been exaggerated by the gambling atmosphere of that 
notorious place ; for it is said that Lord Glasgow promptly replied, " I'll lay you 




472 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



,90,000 to ,30,000," and that "the Napoleon of the Turf" was thereupon bluffed 
out of the room. I think Greville gives a more correct version of that transaction 
when he writes on June 6th of that year : " I have been very slightly concerned 
in this great speculation, but larger sums have been wagered on it than ever were 
heard of before. George Bentinck backed a horse of his called Gaper (and not 
a good one) to win about ,120,000. On the morning of the race the people 
came to hedge with him, when he laid the odds against him to ,7000 ; ,47,000 to 
,7000 I believe in all. He had three bets with Kelburne of unexampled amount. 
He laid Kelburne 13,000 to 7000 on Cotherstone (the winner) against the British 
Yeoman, and Kelburne laid him 16,000 to 7000 against Gaper." 

With one more quota- 
tion from the writer of 
these memoirs, I must 
leave Lord George ; and 
I copy Greville's words in 
this place because they 
seem to me a fair estimate 
of a very complex cha- 




" Cossack "by" Hetmann Plato/" ( 1 844) 



under the disadvantage 
of strong prejudice, but 
written as justly as most 
of us can ever judge 
our contemporaries, and 
written by one who 
probably knew his cousin more intimately than any one else. 

Lord George, says Greville, "desired to win money, not so much for the 
money, as because it was the test and trophy of success ; he counted the thousands 
he won after a great race as a general would count his prisoners and his cannon 
after a great victory ; and his tricks and stratagems he regarded as the tactics and 
manoeuvres by which the success was achieved. Not, probably, that the money 
itself was altogether a matter of indifference to him : he had the blood of General 
Scott in his veins, who won half a million at hazard, and the grandson most likely 
chassait de race. But to do him justice, if he was ' alieni appetens ' he was ' sui 
profusus." : Certainly it did not look as if he raced merely for money when 



SOME EARL\ VICTORIAN OWNERS. 



473 



he cast away his whole stud at a moment when it promised the most brilliant 
results, in order to throw himself wholly into another pursuit which not only 
removed all possibility of gain upon the Turf, but promised no pecuniary rewards 
in compensation. "I have not the least doubt," concludes Greville, "that, for his 
own reputation and celebrity, he died at a most opportune period." 

In spite of Greville's admitted distaste for the manners and methods of the 
Turf, he was not above owning the winner of the St. Leger ; and, curiously enough, 
Mangos race was the scene of an accident, and a description of that accident 
which many must have remembered, even to its turns of phrase, when they heard 
Lord George Bentinck's little oration on the misfortunes of A/arvi. Two years 
before, John Bowes, of Streatlam, had celebrated his majority by winning the 
Derby with Milndig, after a scene with his trustees about the horse which led 
John Scott to exclaim, " What an owdacious young 'un ! " and which gave unfailing 
promise of his calmly successful career later on. In 1837 he had a colt named 
Epirus, whose first appearance was in the St. Leger at the starting-price of 2 to i. 
From the Jockey Club 
Stand at Doncaster he 
was watching the pro- 
gress of the race, when, 

as the horses passed from ^B^ /. 

the gravel road over the 
hill, every one near him 
became wildly excited 
over an accident that 
had evidently occurred. 
They appealed to him 
to know what had hap- 
pened. Without a trace 
of emotion, and without 
removing his eye from 
the telescope, he announced that "Epirus has fallen into the ditch. Bill Scott is 
lying prostrate and unable to move. I think he is killed. Another horse is down 
or has been pulled up. I think it is Alderman Copeland's Prime Warden." 

Scott was not killed, though very near it. Ridden rather too close to a ditch 
near the side of the course, his horse had fallen into it, through the bank giving 
VOL. in. c 




Mr. John Bowes " Cotherstone" (1840) 
by " Touchstone^ 



474 A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 

way, and had thrown his jockey on to the course, where Prime Warden smashed 
poor Bill's collar-bone and very nearly fell himself. The impassive owner of Epirus 
was to win four Derbys, three Two Thousands, and one St. Leger, and to be a 
well-known though never a prominent figure on the Turf until his Taraban 
won the Northumberland Plate and the Goodwood Stakes in 1871, when George 
Fordham, who used to join the horse in a sponge of port wine before his races, 
hardly knew his owner even by sight. Even in his young days of victory Mr. 
Bowes was very reticent. Some one asked why he was "down in the dumps" 
one night at Crockford's. He had just won about ,50,000 over Cot her stone's 
Derby, a son of Touchstone, from Emma, dam of Milndig. His most popular and 
his best winner was West Australian, who was first to wear the " Triple Crown." 
It was difficult enough to get him safe to the post for the St. Leger ; but with the 
help of Mr. Frederick Swindell, John Scott eventually did it, only to find that 
Scythian was to be started with the express object of knocking him down. Lord 
Derby, who also trained with " the Wizard of the North " at that time, got a capital 
description of what followed from Frank Butler, who rode "T/ie West" at Doncaster. 

"He corned hat me once, m'lord," said the jockey, "and then he corned hat me 
again, and when he corned hat me the third time, close to the Red House, I see 
what he was hup to ; so I hups with my whip and I says, ' You dam' young davvle, 
if you comes hat me again, I'll knock your dam' heye hout ! ' 

" The West" had seemed a trifle sleepy at the start for the Derby ; but between 
then and the St. Leger his form changed completely, and he filled out from a colt 
into the smart, well-moulded horse he was, though the affection of contemporary 
artists has endowed him with more perfect points than even the admiration of 
posterity can ever credit. He had plenty of quality from his dam Mowerina, 
"the remnant of old Emmas race;" and John Scott's idea of getting bone from 
Melboiirne turned out exactly right ; most of Melbourne's foals were lengthy and 
plain-headed with lop-ears. " The West" was born on the 24th of April, and had such 
bad distemper in the autumn that he wasted very thin until the spring grass picked 
him up again for good. It was when he was alive that " The Druid " wrote : " For 
the type of what a really serviceable racer ought to be, commend us to the low and 
lengthy Fandango, with those great well-hooped ribs knit into the most muscular of 
quarters, and that stealing action close to the ground and giving nothing away. It 
is on the perpetuation of points like these, and not on beauty, that our English horse- 
fame depends." Again we are faced with the multifarious nature of the types in 



SOME EARLY VICTORIAN OWNERS. 



475 



which good horses win. I have often referred to it ; but the subject is inexhaustible, 
especially in view of St. Simon's stock at the present time. Persimmon and Sceptre 
proved certainly as good as they were beautiful. Beeswing' was a beauty ; so was 
Pantaloon. Little Rowton was exquisitely proportioned. Gimcrack had not a lovely 
head, but if he is added to Highlander, Meteora, Midas, or Mickey Free, you get an 
average of fourteen-two, which could carry anything from 8st. to i2st., and win at 
all distances from one mile to four. The largest horses whom " The Druid " 
remembered as having run successfully were Wild Dayrell, Filho da Puta, and 







" West Australian '' by " Melbourne " (1850). 

Birmingham, who was sixteen-three, or as big as the French Vinicius in the Derby 
of 1903. For power and size combined with speed he picked out Stockwell, Longbow, 
and Lord George. Even of West Australian the same writer, describing his sale 
for 4000 guineas to France, thought that "he is only an ordinary horse to look 
at when his head is out of sight." But when he strode, with his beautiful white 
reach head aloft, into the ring, it was, " Here comes the pick of England." In 1854 
he had won what was then the fastest race ever run for the Ascot Cup, beating 
Kingston and Rataplan. 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



When John Bowes died in 1885 many people forgot that, as "Mr. Valentine," 
Lord Falmouth had had Hurricane and Queen Bertha at Whitewall ; the first won 
the One Thousand of 1862, the second won the Oaks in 1863 ; they were the two 
last of the great winners trained by "the Wizard of the North." Since Blair Athol 
had won the Derby and the St. Leger, Jenny Hoiuletfs chance victory in the Oaks 
of 1880 was almost the only good thing from Malton before John Bowes died. For 
nearly half a century the home of John Scott, for twenty years after that the home 

of his widow, Whitewall 
House seems never likely 
to train another winner 
in its stables (1903). The 
Musley Bank establish- 
ment has been given up 
as well, where Mr. James 
Snarry, son of old Sir 
Tatton Sykes's stud- 
groom, used to breed 
and train. One of the 
presents John Snarry 
had received was Polly 

" Queen Bertha* by "Kingston" (1860). Agnes, whose blood went 

back to the Spot mare 

foaled in 1762. She was the dam of Lily Agnes (by Macaroni], dam of Ormonde, 
and she stamped her excellence upon one of the most famous families of brood 
mares on the Turf. 

It is curious that so few of the past Yorkshire trainers were Yorkshire bred ; 
John Scott, the Dawsons, John Fobert, and old John Osborne were all born further 
south. When Osborne came to Ashgill in 1837, he found John Fobert at Spigot 
Lodge, where General Chasst! was, whose great rival and conqueror was Lord 
Sligo's Bran, trained by Murphy not far off. At Brecongill, Tupgill, and Thorngill 
in turn the name of the Dawsons was well known, and from there came Ardrossan, 
sire of Jack Spigot and of Beeswings dam, and Charles XII., Our Nell, Blue 
Bonnet, Van Tromp, and Lanercost. The brothers Tom and John Dawson at 
Middleham also trained such famous racers as Priestess, Rowcna, E Her dale, 
Ellermire, Ellington, Jonathan Wild, Grimston, and St. Bennett; and it is 




SOME EARLY VJCTORIAN OWNERS. 



477 




interesting to know that Thomas Dawson thought Touchstone a better horse than 
either The Flying Dutchman or West Australian. The Polly Agnes whom I 
mentioned as having been presented to James Snarry was by The Cwe, out 
of Miss Agnes, a daughter (by Irish Birdcaicher) of Agnes (by Clarion], who 
was bought by old John Osborne in 1844 with her clam Annette (by Priam]. 
At Middleham Agnes 
proved a worthy rival 
of Malton's famous brood 
mare Queen Mary. Lily 
Agnes, who lies buried 
at Eaton near Shotover 
and Angelica, was tried 
on Middleham Moor in 
the spring as a lop-eared, 
ragged-hipped two-year- 
old, and beat Enbhro- 
syne and Organist (both 
three-year-olds) at even 
weights. That season 
she was never beaten. 

Next year she won the Northumberland Plate, the York Cup, and the Doncaster 
Cup. As a four-year-old she ran a dead heat with the French Figaro II. for the 
Queen's Plate at Manchester, and won the decider by a head, with other successes, 
including a victory over Aventuriere for the Ebor Handicap, which very much 
upset Mr. Fred Swindell. Next year, again, she won the Queen's Plate at Chester, 
and went to the stud as a six-year-old. 

It is interesting to notice that the excellence of the Agnes blood holds its own 
even during the last Ascot Meeting that has finished just as I revise these pages 
amid the rains of June, 1903. Lord Rosebery's Oriole, a three-year-old daughter of 
Ladas (whose other daughter Montem was the prettiest two-year-old filly at Ascot), 
won the Coronation Stakes. She combined the blood of Rataplan, Doncaster, 
and Blair Athol, with inbreeding to Ellen Home through Paradigm and Rouge 
Rose, the whole being based on the Agnes taproot, which provided other winners 
at the same meeting in Lord Howard de Walden's Zinfandel and his Majesty's 
Mead, besides the two-year-old Rydal Head, who was not so successful this time, and 



" Lanercosf" by " Liverpool" (1835). 



478 




" Rataplan " by " The Baron " (1850). 




Alice Hawthorn " by " Muley Moloch " (1838). 



SOME EARLY VICTORIAN OWNERS. 



479 



the greatest winner of them all, the flying filly Sceptre, who was kept out of the 

Gold Cup to win the Hardwicke Stakes. 

But John Osborne's favourite mare was Alice Hawthorn, by Muley Moloch, 

who, like Beeswing, Blink Bonny, and the rough-looking Caller Ou, transmitted 

her good qualities to her descendants. She was the Queen of the Turf when she 

died, not long after Touchstone, in 1861 at Mr. Winteringham's stud near Darlington. 

Out of the seventy-one races for which she started she had won fifty-one outright, 

divided the stakes in a dead heat, and was placed ten times. From 1842 to 1845 

she won sixteen cups, including the Chester, Doncaster, and Goodwood Cups, 

the Queen's Vase, and 

eighteen Queen's Plates. 

She was first trained for 

Mr. Plummer, of Shipton, 

by Heseltine, of Hamble- 

ton, and was three and 

half years old before she 

was broken in, and this 

may be one reason for 

her extraordinary stay- 
ing and weight-carrying 
powers, which were com- 
bined with a wonderful 
turn of speed. She only 
just failed to give Red 

Deer 5st. 81b. at Chester. Her best sons were Lord Fauconberg, Oulston, Findon, 
and Thonnanby, by Windkound. 

The trainer of Blink Bonny, Caller Ou, and Blair Athol was William I'Anson, 
of Hungerford House, Malton, whose luckiest purchase was Queen Mary. He 
originally bought her for 30 guineas, from Mr. Ramsay at Doncaster in 1844, but 
as she fell and crippled herself in her first race, she was sold again (when in foal 
with Haricot to Mango), and it was not till her firstborn had won eleven out of 
his thirteen races that William went to Scotland after her, and, at the end of a 
long search, brought her back again to Yorkshire for ^"no. She was the dam of 
Blink Bonny, Blinkhoolie, Broomielavo, and many more ; and her daughter Haricot 
was the dam of Caller Ou, who won twenty-nine Queen's Plates from 1861 to 1864, 







" Queen Mary" by " Gladiator" (1843). 



480 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 




which is three more than Fisherman and eight more than Rataplan. Blink Bonny s 
son by Slockwcll was Blair Athol, who proved worthy of such mighty parentage 
by winning the Derby and the St. Leger, and handing on his speed to Prince 
Charlie, Ecossais, Scottish Q^leen, and Silvio, winner of the Derby. Blink Bonny s 

skeleton was presented 
to the York Museum, 
and her name is pre- 
served in the stud farm 
controlled by Miles 
I'Anson, on the estate 
where another William 
I'Anson upholds his 
father's reputation as a 
trainer. From all this it 
will be seen that Queen 
Mary was another in- 
stance of a mare who 
did no good on the 
racecourse proving first 
rate at the stud, like the dam of Beeswing, Ennui (dam of Saunterer\ Rebecca 
(dam of Alice Hawthoni), Pocahontas, Hybla, and many more. 

Fobert, in The Flying Dutchman's days, may well have seemed justified in 
thinking that such breeding had never been seen before ; and when John Scott 
saw Canesou beaten like a common hack at Ascot, he must have begun to wonder 
about the truth of it himself. Fobert never thought the public really knew how 
good " The Dutchman " was, especially after Marlow nearly threw away his Derby 
by stupidly trying to show off in a close finish, and quite spoilt all chance of the 
Doncaster Cup by bursting his horse at the start. Marlow died in a workhouse. 
The son of Bay Middleton and Barbelle was a very free goer at exercise, and 
at three years old could beat his five-year-old relative Van Tronip. His sire's 
fee had been reduced from 30 guineas to 15, and in the year " The Dutchman" 
was born, it was ten. Irish Birdcatchcr could be got for 25 at Newmarket; 
Melbourne, afterwards sire of West Australian and Blink Bonny, for 12. The 
highest price asked by Mr. Theobald, of Stockwell, was 20 guineas for Muley 
Moloch. John Day was getting 25 guineas for the services of Venison; and 



By permission of H.R.H. Prince Christian. 



' Caller On." 



SOME EARLY VICTORIAN OWNERS. 



481 



Touchstone, then sire of two Derby winners, drew the top price at 31 guineas 
and a sovereign for the groom. Gladiator got 25 guineas in this same year of 
1 846 ; Harkaway had dropped from 30 to 1 2 ; Hetman Plato/ (not yet the sire of 
Cossack] was only 10, as was John o Ga^mt ; Lanercost and Plenipotentiary were 15. 
It may well be asked whether the prices of those days, and the moderate fees now 
asked in America, are not more conducive to getting a number of good horses 
than such enormous sums as are now demanded on the English Turf. When five 
and six hundred guineas can be got without advertisement ; when fifty is considered 
cheap; when a hundred is the average price, it might be imagined that we are 
sure of plenty of first-rate stock. I fear it only means that fashion has run up the 
price of certain strains, and that as there are not enough fashionable sires to go 
round their owners can ask what they please. Like West Australian, The Flying 
Dutchman was sold to France. It will be worth while to consider the French 
pedigrees I give in the Appendix, to take them in conjunction with French successes 
in breeding stayers, and to see whether we are not, after all, limiting our circle 
too much. One other possibility I have already mentioned; it is that our own 
blood is improved by 
transportation to different 
climates and pastures, 
and will come back to 
us reinvigorated, and 
stronger than what we 
have kept here. I cannot 
quote an example of our 
using a French sire who 
is descended from stock 
long bred in England. 
But in the English de- 
scendants of such im- 
ported sires as Carbine 
we shall soon be able to 

judge the value of Australian limestone to the M^lsket branch of Eclipse ; and it 
is worth remembering that Lord Glasgow, after a disappointing two-year-old trial, 
would have shot Musket, had it not been for the entreaties of John Osborne 
who rode him, and for a firm protest from Tom Dawson, his trainer. So much 
VOL. III. i) 




" Plenipotentiary '' by " Emiliits " (i 83 1 ). 



482 




SOME EARLY VICTORIAN OWNERS. 



483 



liiimmiiiiiimiii 



was Lord Falmouth against high fees that he put his own Derby winners Kingcraft 
and Silvio at 15 and 25 guineas. Now not only must hunter sires eventually 
become affected, but the small breeders must gradually be pushed to the wall 
altogether ; yet it was just the small studs, which never went in for paying high 
fees, which bred The Flying Dutchman, Voltigeiir, Wild Dayrell, and Musjid ; 
while products of the same period of sensible figures were Cossack, Surplice, Alice 
Hawthorn, Coronation, Sir Tatton Sykes, Queen of Trumps, Beeswing, Newminster, 
and a list which would hold its own against any decade of high prices. 

The last of these, a delicate celebrity, was being trained by John Scott at 
Whitewall in 1852, with Iris, Longbow, Songstress, West Aiistralian, and Daniel 
O' Rourke, who beat the 
mighty Stockwell for the 
Derby, and suffered a 
reversal of the verdict 
in the Leger. In that 
October, Kingston, win- 
ner of the Goodwood 
Cup, beat foe Miller, 
who had won the Em- 
peror's Plate at Ascot, 
for a ,50 Plate. It did 
not need huge figures 
to bring out the good 
ones then. Six years 
later John Scott had 

Toxophilite, who was second to Beadsman for the Derby; Warlock; Imperieusc, 
the last Leger winner; Vanity, who got the Chester Cup; Longrange and 
Hepatica. William I'Anson had the four-year-old Blink Bonny. At Aske, 
Vedette and Qui Vive were with Abdale. Sixty-five were in Osborne's string at 
Ashgill. There was racing, too, at Middleham, Catterick, Richmond, Thirsk, 
Ripon, and Northallerton. At all these places, and far beyond them, John Scott's 
was a name to conjure with. His father, at Chippenham, had trained for such 
well-known sportsmen of the Regency as Sir Harry Featherstonhaugh, Councillor 
Lade, and Sir Sitwell Sitwell. At fourteen he had ridden the winner of the ^"50 
Plate at Blandford, and sold her for another fifty before he went home. Then he 




' Daniel O'Rourke " by " Btrdcatcher" (1849). 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 

studied training with Tiny Edwards at Mickleham in Surrey ; and finally he came 
to Middleham in 1814 to become as great a Yorkshire idol as was John Gully 
of Somerset. He began at Black Hambleden, and after a move to the Rufford 
country with Mr. Houldsworth, he got the Whitewall Stables in 1825, and trained 
his horses on the springy turf of Langton Wold, where the Marquis of Rockingham's 
thoroughbreds had been exercised before him. Mr. Edward Petre's Matilda, 
The Colonel, and Rowton began his fame ; and he never looked back. He was 
immensely assisted by his brother Bill, who died within a quarter of a mile of the 




" Stockwcir by " The Baron " (1847). 

stables, at Highfield House, in 1848, not long after Lord George Bentinck had so 
suddenly passed away. For the thirty-three years of his profession he was the most 
fortunate jockey as yet known to a racing world which knew not Archer. Both he 
and John were presented to Queen Victoria when she rode over from Esher to 
Leatherhead, with Prince Albert, to interview Cotherstone. Though not a powerful, 
or even a brilliant jockey, he had a fine seat, and was a keen judge of pace, the two 
things most essential to one who had the pick of so magnificent a stable. He lies 
beneath a stone without any inscription, under the aisle of Waghen Church. His 



SOME EARLY VICTORIAN OWNERS. 485 

brother John very nearly came to an untimely end himself at Doncaster in 1854. 
Lord Derby's Acrobat was not supposed to have a chance, on previous form, for 
the Doncaster Stakes. He won ; and the Tykes began to hiss when the jockeys 
came back to scale. Sim Templeman whipped off his saddle, and just got through 
in time. But when John Scott came up to the horse's head to lead him in, one 
maddened loser shouted, " He's laughing ; look at him ! " The mob instantly became 
furious, and a shower of blows were aimed at the unlucky, and perfectly honest 
trainer. Jack Macdonald (who had seconded Tom Sayers) managed to knock down 
the ringleader, but would have fared badly in the crowd had not Harry Broome, 
then champion of England, suddenly woke to the chances of a scrimmage, hit out 
right and left till he got to John's side, and then, with sheer hard smashes from the 
shoulder, got the trainer through into the safety of the New Stand. 

It is difficult to believe it is so long since Langton Wold saw a trial with Brother 
Bill up, and Brother John walking beside I'Anson's pony, until he gets into his 
phaeton with Holmes in front, and a lemon-and- white terrier on the back seat 
looking out for touts. For long after he had left it for ever, the Wizard's little 
snuggery at Whitewall preserved the record of the most glorious of his days in 
Herring's pictures looking down on the room where the jockeys were called into 
council, and the plans for Epsom or Newmarket or Doncaster were shrewdly laid, 
and where such men as Lord Derby, Baron Martin, Colonel Anson, Baron 
Alderson, and many more had foregathered with the famous trainer. John Scott 
had known some of the best men of his day in his lifetime, and he made a 
comfortable fortune before he died. The pictures that preserve his greatest triumphs 
still furnish a vivid recollection of his work, and it would be the basest ingratitude 
to those who have contributed the most brilliant of my pages did I not say 
something of the merits of the men like Herring who have enabled us to imagine 
what those far-off winners looked like. 

Really to appreciate the "horse-painters" of the past, you must consider the 
pages of such a collection of first-rate engravings as Mr. Tattersall's albums, a 
" Missal of the Turf," to which I have been deeply indebted for these volumes. 
There you may see Wootton, Stubbs, and Gilpin at their best ; Sartorius and Ben 
Marshall ; Garrard and James Ward ; Ferneley, whose hand was happiest in hunting 
scenes ; and Herring, who began as coachman of the London and York Highflyer, 
and finally gave up the whip for the mahlstick in Jack Spigot's year. Lord 
Rosebery's magnificent Flying Dutchman, which looks almost lifesize as it gallops 



486 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



over a mantelpiece at the Durdans, is one of his masterpieces, in my opinion, alike 
for man and horse. It is reproduced opposite page xvii. in my first volume. George 
Frederick Herring married early, and ran away from an irate father to Doncaster 
in time to see the Duke of Hamilton's William win the Leger of 1814. He 
painted in his leisure time, and drove for a living, until Mr. Stanhope, of Cannon 
Hall, got him some commissions. Assisted by Mr. Hawkesworth and Mr. Wilson 
(for whom he drew Smolensko), he soon got into his swing, and Mr. Petre and Sir 
Bellingham Graham fairly established his reputation. After living in Doncaster till 
1830, he resided in Newmarket and London for a time, and spent the last ten 

years of his life at Meopham Park 
in Kent, where he died in 1865. His 
boy Charles, a skilful lover of art, 
and a good son, died in 1856. In 
the volumes on Animal Painters on 
which Sir Walter Gilbey has been 
engaged, a most valuable list is given 
of the work of all the best artists 
who perpetuated the favourites of 
the Turf. 

If Lord Glasgow had always had 
his way these favourites might have 
been far fewer than they are ; for I 
suppose no one has ever ordered 
more two-year-old thoroughbreds to 
be shot than the irascible Scotchman, 
who would suddenly swoop down on 

The Earl of Glasgow. Middleham, out of the season, call 
for some of the resident jockeys, 

watch a score or more trials the next morning, and destroy the losers. It would 
almost seem as if his ghost were now engaged in destroying the winners as well, for 
days have sadly changed since the North carried away so many of the best prizes 
of the Turf. When horses had to travel by road, whether in a van or not, the 
Yorkshire stables were practically invincible. Railways enabled owners to make 
Newmarket their racing headquarters and live in London, while they could run 
horses at all the northern meetings as well, like Gosforth Park, Stockton, Redcar, 




SOME EARLY VICTORIAN OWNERS. 487 

York, or Doncaster ; and what the trains did for locomotion the telegraph has 
done for the scarcely less important essential of speedy information. By degrees 
the small stakes fashionable not only in the North but all over England, increased 
in value, and large sums were offered for competition in the "Metropolitan District," 
against which the North could only offer the attractions of the St. Leger, the 
Northumberland Plate, the Ebor Handicap, and a few valuable events for youngsters. 
Much the same process, in fact, went on, as has been noticed in the gradual 
migration of the rural populations into urban centres. The North remained "in 
the country." The owners who were prepared to pay any price for a yearling 
they fancied all began to race in the South, where the meetings which offered ample 
and speedy return for their outlay were within easy reach. But in spite of every- 
thing, for true love of a horse and affectionate knowledge of his history, you cannot 
beat a crowd at Doncaster on a Leger day ; and of the true sporting spirit, which 
reckoned nothing in money and everything in honour, Lord Glasgow, with all his 
eccentricities, was a fine old-fashioned example. The tales of him are innumerable. 
The very soul of integrity, he carried the diamond of his honest nature in the 
roughest husk ; and the flavour of the sea which stuck to Admiral Rous was in his 
old Norse blood as well until he died. Two friends of his, Lord Kennedy and 
Captain Horatio Ross, once walked from Black Hall in Kincardineshire, where they 
were staying with Mr. Farquharson, to Inverness, for a bet of ,2,500 a side with 
Sir Andrew Leith Hay, starting after dinner in their evening dress and walking 
all night, next day, and the next night, straight over the Grampians. It was Lord 
Kennedy who bet Lord Kelburne (as the Earl of Glasgow was then) ^500 that he 
would drive a team from Hawkhead to Ardrossan before him, again after dinner in 
the dark. Lord Kelburne lost through taking the wrong turning, along which he 
nearly drove his horses over the cliff into the sea. With a love of wagering like 
this, a reckless spirit, a practically unlimited fortune, and a strong will, Lord Glasgow 
made a notable figure on the English Turf. He hated to name his horses, and was 
generally unlucky with them ; but among the best were General Peel, Musket, 
Rapid Rhone, and Tom Bowline. His best win was with Actceon in the York 
Subscription Purse. 

He often changed his trainers, but that was chiefly owing to momentary irrita- 
bility, though he was a good hater when once he had made up his mind. Yet, 
though his hand was always nervously rubbing the back of his neck, his face never 
betrayed whether he had won or lost the ,50,000 that often depended on the 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



running of the wrong horse ; and in spite of all the uncertainty of his physical 
temperament, he scorned such new-fangled luxuries as overcoats or knickerbockers, 
and wore his wide white trousers with determination to the end. When he died the 
poor of Paisley mourned for him, and the Turf lost one of the most manly and 
characteristic of its supporters. 

If the mantle of Sir Charles Bunbury fell upon Lord George Bentinck, the 
third " Dictator of the Turf," Admiral Rous, may be fairly said to have done more 
than either of them, if we measure reform by the surviving facts ; and there are 

many who think that "a little of the 
Admiral " would not be a 'bad recipe 
either for His Majesty's Ministers in 
1903, or for Racing Headquarters 
in the same year of grace. The 
Admiral showed that it is not neces- 
sary to own a large stud, or to make 
huge bets, to be able to control and 
improve the affairs of the Turf. He 
scarcely owned a dozen horses of his 
own, and his betting was strictly in 
the "ten-pound line of business." He 
believed, and often asserted, that the 
power of the Jockey Club was solely 
based upon its moral force. History, 
as we have seen in these pages, 
proves that he was right then. Such 
men as Lord Crewe, Mr. Fitzwilliam, 
Lord March, and others, provided 

sufficient evidence at the end of the nineteenth century that he is right still. 
His reputation in the Navy was made for ever when he steered the rudderless 
frigate "Pique" safely home in twenty days from Labrador in 1835. It is not 
without significance that the picture of the ship he saved now hangs in the 
Jockey Club Rooms at Newmarket. The Turf, when Admiral Rous became a 
steward, wanted good handling and courageous steering almost as badly. He was 
a member of Parliament for Westminster for five years after his election in 1838, 
but by 1845 he had begun to devote himself almost entirely to the interests of the 




Admiral Rous. 



SOME EARLY VICTORIAN OWNERS. 489 

Turf. One of his first actions was to secure a lease of the training-ground at 
Newmarket for the Jockey Club at 30.?. an acre for 99 years. By 1874 their 
revenues had increased sixfold ; but the eye of the old sea-dog was still on the 
alert, and in his memorable manifesto of that year on Turf prospects, he expresses 
alarm at "the black cloud on the horizon," and points out, as coming dangers, 
many of those weaknesses which I have had to chronicle as in existence now. 
"Suppress betting by legal enactment," he wrote once, "and the game is up; 
thoroughbred stock would be depreciated sixty per cent., and our racecourses 
ploughed up. . . . Racing has always been, and will always be, in the United 
Kingdom a gambling speculation." But he was not going to let it degenerate into 
a blackguardly conspiracy. Owning few horses, betting scarcely at all, the Admiral 
was in favour of sensible reforms with a full knowledge of what was possible and 
what was not ; with a fixed determination to raise the standard of sport and of 
horsebreeding, as a whole, without regard to individual likes or dislikes. 

But it is, of course, as a handicapper that his fame is greatest, and the first 
success that marked his amazing natural talents for this difficult art was when Lord 
Eglinton's Flying Dutchman (5 yrs.) met Lord Zetland's Voltigeitr (4 yrs.), and 
he made the older horse give his rival 8|lb., with the result that there was only a 
short length between them after a race of two miles. It may be doubted whether 
his promotion to be Rear-Admiral of the Blue, the year after, gave him so much 
real satisfaction as his appointment as handicapper by the Jockey Club in 1855. 
From that day onwards he was never dull. His mind was constantly occupied in 
handicapping. " It's a very odd thing," he said once, just before his last illness, " I 
lose my way now going from Grafton Street to Berkeley Square ; but I can still 
handicap." Mr. Frederick Swindell is said to have leased the house next door to 
his with the express object of watching who drove up to see the Admiral, and 
drawing his own conclusions. It was not without reason that the old sailor uttered 
the startling words on one occasion that "every great handicap offers a premium to 
fraud, for horses are constantly started without any intention of winning, merely to 
hoodwink the handicapper." But it was very rarely that trainers or jockeys either 
managed to hoodwink the Admiral once. They never did so twice. 

It may be worth while to consider a little what the difficulties of a handicapper 
are in attempting so to impose different weights on various horses that the result shall 
be a dead heat. To begin with, he has no control over the state of the course, and 
all the difference may be made by the turf being hard, or soft, or exactly right. He 

VOL. III. E 



490 



- 




SOME EARLY VICTORIAN OWNERS. 



491 



neither rides the horses himself, nor does he train them. He does not know, for 
instance, how an apprentice with an allowance of five pounds will manage his mount ; 
he may not be aware of the fitness of an animal or of the intentions of its owner ; 
he is not sure in all cases whether drugs have been used which may eventually 
destroy all the horse's usefulness, but may for the first few times give him an 
entirely unexpected- and unnatural turn of speed; and, lastly, he can no more guard 
against accidents than he could relieve Epsom of its " Derby dog." But, apart from 
all this, his knowledge of racing must be intimate, perpetual, judicious. He must 
know what to forget as well as what to remember. He must be familiar with the 
peculiar features of every racecourse. He must cultivate an expert acquaintance with 
every animal likely to 
come before him, their 
individual foibles, their 
stamina, their favourite 
courses, their behaviour 
under given 



circum- 



stances. Being unable 




" Newminster" by " Touchstone " (1848). 



to take any more risks 

than are inevitable, the 

handicapper must go by 

the best form a horse 

has shown, and never 

take off weight until 

his own certainty of 

deterioration practically coincides with the trainer's conviction that it is useless to 

enter the animal again. 

A modern expert, greatly daring, has laid down a few general rules. They are : 
(i) horses which have never run should carry the top weight, on the weight-for-age 
scale ; (2) horses which have only run once should have a slight concession, the class 
in which they run being taken into consideration ; (3) after two races a considerable 
concession can be made if they have been fairly ridden out ; (4) not till after three 
races can they be fairly treated on their merits, and take their rightful place in a 
handicap ; (5) foreign horses whose form is unknown should be weighted more or 
less as having never run. 

But there can be no hard-and-fast lines on which any handicap can be drawn up. 



492 



A H1STORV OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



Out of 289 occasions on which - a list of candidates was noted down by the expert I 
have just quoted, he found that he had "placed" 190 horses first in order of supposed 
merit, to which, after further consideration, he had allotted the top weights ; and that 
in 99 cases his first impressions had been altered by subsequent knowledge as to age, 
or performances, or subsidiary conditions. That is a fair example of the amount of 
experience a handicapper should have before he really gets into harness at all for the 
three or four hours' hard work an average handicap must entail, when there is no 
specially confusing puzzle in racing form to elucidate. Each horse in a high-class 
handicap like the Lincolnshire must involve looking up about fifteen races to 
ascertain what he has done himself, and what the horses he has beaten have also 

done. Even after the 
most careful research 
there must be a margin 
in which the guesswork 
of the average man, and 
the experience of the 
skilful handicapper, are 
left unaided. And that 
is why the handicapper 
must start his work upon 
a good foundation of 
knowledge, not of horses 
only, but of human nature 
too, and must also have 
the courage to acquire 

more knowledge by an occasional mistake. It is now impossible to have even 
so complete a view of racing as was possible to Admiral Rous. Leonardo da 
Vinci could resume within his own brain nearly all the knowledge of the early 
sixteenth century. - The greatest hall in the Hotel Cecil could scarcely hold 
the army of contributors considered necessary to sketch the outlines of the 
progress of the later nineteenth. And racing has expanded in a scarcely less 
degree. Yet we see no authoritatively co-ordinated attempt to systematise the 
knowledge of various handicappers in different parts of the country by means of 
official and centralised reports to which each licensed handicapper could have 
access. On the contrary, when any nominator or owner feels aggrieved, he may 




" Teddington " by " Orlando " (1848). 



SOME EARLY VICTORIAN OWNERS. 493 

call the official framer of the weights before the stewards and ask for explana- 
tions. Such penalties should only be permitted by a body which will also make 
itself responsible for improving the communication of essential facts, and should 
only be discussed by men as well acquainted with the difficulties of handicapping 
as are the officials who may have been arraigned. Unless this is recognised, modern 
handicappers will only be able to protect themselves by a servile adherence to 
"the book," in which they will be able to display their justification when required. 
The handicapper is no longer "the dictator of the Turf," whose decisions are 
above appeal. If the world of racing were not the generous and sportsmanlike 
community it is, perhaps handicappers would not live very long in it ; but it is 
only fair to them to say that their art shows every sign of improving steadily as 
one season follows another. I spoke, a few pages back, of the number of dead 
heats that used to occur in the early part of the Victorian era. This must not be 
understood to refer entirely to handicaps, or, much as I admire him, I should be 
rightly considered to have paid Admiral Rous too high a compliment. The 
statistics show that if we take 517 handicaps (beginning with the Lincolnshire) in 
six years, of which four are chosen in the zenith of the Admiral's reputation, a 
very distinct improvement is noticeable. Indeed, if bookmakers got along as well 
as they did when so many favourites rolled home from 1866 to 1875, they ought 
all to be in clover now ; for here are the figures, which I quote from an admirable 
article in the Badminton Magazine, so ably edited by Mr. Alfred E. T. Watson. 















Odds-on 




No. of 


Dead 


Head 


Neck 


Favourite 


Favourite 


Date. 


Handicaps. 


Heats. 


Wins. 


Wins. 


Wins. 


Wins. 


1866 


517 


4 


5 


61 


198 


80 


1869 


- 5'7 


II 


54 


54 


201 


83 


1872 


- 517 


4 


74 


73 


210 


53 


1875 


- 5'7 


4 


68 


50 


237 


50 


1898 


... 517 


7 


74 


52 


... I6 3 


13 



In 1902 there were considerably less victories to record of "odds-on favourites ; " 
only 147 "favourites;" the "neck wins" had increased by 18, the "head wins" 
by 20 ; and there was one dead heat of three, and four dead heats of two. 

It is sometimes dangerous for a handicapper to express his opinions ; and 
Lord Calthorpe once fairly caught the Admiral by asking, " What chance has 
my horse got for this race ? " R. " None whatever." C. " Then, pray, do you 
call that handicapping? I thought every horse was at any rate supposed to 
have an equal chance." But the Admiral knew very well that if it was impossible 



494 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



to stop some animals, it was equally impossible for others to get home first 
under a featherweight. " I'll eat my hat if that horse wins ! " was one of his 
favourite remarks, and his friend George Payne used to say that if only he had 
been properly conscientious, the Admiral would have made a fortune for his hatter 
by ruining his own digestion. Sir Joseph Hawley, soon after he had netted 
about ,80,000 in bets on Beadsman, made a vigorous sermon against the evils of 
heavy wagering. This was not the Admiral's way. Nothing enraged the old 
gentleman so much as the reports of Mr. Merry's colossal win over Thormanby, 
or the huge sums that passed to Mr. Naylor or Mr. Chaplin about Macaroni 
or Hermit. He even wanted to expel a man from the Jockey Club who won 

more than .50,000 on 
a single race. But when 
they tried to bring a 
" Pari Mutuel " machine 
to the Newmarket 
Craven meeting, he 
ordered it off the heath. 
Often as he went to 
extremes himself in his 
letters to the Times, he 
knew very well how to 
avoid them when it came 
to legislating for the 
Turf he loved so well. 
As was justly said at the 

presentation made to him in Willis's rooms on Waterloo Day, 1866, " He has 
always done his best to repress everything of a fraudulent and dishonourable 
nature. He has laboured to reconcile conflicting interests, ... he has enjoyed the 
respect and affection of every class of the racing community. ... If Admiral Rous 
should retire, he will leave a void impossible to fill." Just eleven years afterwards 
the old Dictator died, and the void is not filled yet. But the traditions of 
honourable service he left behind him are still the foundations of the prosperity of 
racing. It was Lord Granville who spoke the words I have just quoted that 
Minister for Foreign Affairs who took part in the debate on Lord Redesdale's Bill 
by saying that " De minimis non curat lex," which may be not inaptly translated, 




" Catherine Hayes " fy " Latter cost" (1850). 



SOME EARLY VICTORIAN OWNERS. 



495 



" You cannot legislate for featherweights ; " and while there are still statesmen who 
can find time to give consideration to the recreations of the people and the improve- 
ment of horsebreeding, the best interests of the Turf will be safe. The only man 
who has ever, I think, started two Derby winners in the same race, at any rate in our 
time, was Lord Rosebery, a Prime Minister. The only owner except Lord Grosvenor 
who ever won the Derby with two colts by the same sire and clam was His Majesty 
King Edward VII. when Prince of Wales. The best stallion now alive is owned by 
the Duke of Portland, Master of the Horse, to whom this third volume is dedicated. 
A sport that is under the patronage 
of the highest and best in the land is 
never likely to fall far below the ideals 

- 

^c^S, . 

which they have set for it. 

" Let no man who has no need," 
wrote Greville, in May, 1833, "who 
is not in danger of losing all he has, 
and is not obliged to grasp at every 
chance, make a book on the Derby. 
While the fever it excites is raging, 
I can neither read nor write nor 
occupy myself with anything else." 
It was in this year that the nervous 
and somewhat pessimistic Clerk of 
the Council was staying at the Oaks, 
" where Lord Stanley kept house for 



k 




The Fourteenth Earl of Derby. 



the first, and probably (as the house is 
for sale) for the last, time." Greville 
had seen his first Derby, when barely 
fifteen, in 1809, and twelve years afterwards he was managing the Duke of York's 
stable. When the royal stud was sold, he went to his uncle the Duke of Portland, 
and then became confederate with Lord Chesterfield, and Mr. Payne was another 
with whom he went into partnership later on. Alarm and Mango were his favourite 
horses, and in the latter's Leger he writes that young Sam Day " sent his horse 
through with such a terrific rush that his breeches were nearly torn off his boots, 
and won by a neck." When the jockey was so badly hurt, Greville expressed his 
opinion of him with greater feeling than was his wont. " The boy himself," he 



A HISTORY Of THE ENGLISH TURF. 

records, in October, 1838, "died like a hero, with a firmness, courage, and cheerful- 
ness which would have been extolled to the skies in some conspicuous character on 
whom the world has been accustomed to gaze, but which in the poor jockey-boy 
passed unheeded and unknown, and it is only the few as obscure as himself who 
witnessed his last moments who are aware that, wherever his bones rest 

'In that neglected spot is laid 
A heart once pregnant with celestial fire.' " 

For thirty or forty years the famous house near Epsom where Greville was 
staying in 1833 had been "the resort of all our old jockeys," and then it was 
occupied by the sporting portion of the Government. Here is the Secretary's 
catalogue of guests : " Lord Grey and his daughter, Duke and Duchess of 
Richmond, Lord and Lady Errol, Althorp, Graham, Uxbridge, Charles Grey, Duke 
of Grafton, Lichfield, and Stanley's brothers. It passed off very well racing all 
the morning, an excellent dinner, and whist and blind hookey all the evening. It 
was curious to see Stanley. Who would believe they beheld the orator and 
statesman, only second, if second, to Peel in the House of Commons, and on 
whom the destiny of the country depends? There he was as if he had no 
thoughts but for the Turf, full of the horses, interest in the lottery, eager, 
blunt, noisy, good-humoured, ' has meditans nugas et totus in illis ; ' at night 
equally devoted to play, as if his fortune depended on it. Thus can a man relax 
whose existence is devoted to great objects and serious thoughts." 

It may be added to Greville's reflections that it is on just such relaxation that 
the most hard-working men depend, not only for attaining "serious thoughts," 
but even for keeping a hold upon " existence." 

Twenty years afterwards Greville noted a similarly pleasant party at Goodwood. 
" Glorious weather," he wrote, " and the whole thing very enjoyable ; a vast deal 
of great company : Duke of Cambridge, Duke of Mecklenburg, Duke of Parma, 
Duke of Saxe- Weimar, father of Prince Edward. Derby was there not in his 
usual uproarious spirits, chaffing and laughing from morning till night, but more 
sedate than is his wont." It is even more interesting to compare Greville's 
account of the political situation in which all that racing party were so interested, 
in 1852, with the politics of 1902. The rtsumt of fifty years ago was, "roughly, 
about 300 Derbyites, thoroughgoing supporters ; 50 or 60 that cannot be reckoned 
as belonging to either party ; and the rest divided into various sections of opposition 
and greatly at variance with each other, except in a common sentiment of aversion 



SOME EARLY VICTORIAN OWNERS. 



497 



and determined hostility to the Government." It is strange how such history 
repeats itself, even to the detail of an ex-Prime Minister, once famous on the Turf, 
making brilliant but impractical speeches in the country and the House of Lords. 

As the grandson of the twelfth earl, who gave his name to the greatest race 
in the world, Lord Derby was bound not only to be "the Rupert of Debate," 
but also to train racehorses for his own pleasure and the improvement of the breed. 
He never won either Derby or St. Leger ; but out of the 243 horses John Scott 
trained for him, 54 won over ,94,000 in stakes, which cleared all his expenses 
for the twenty-one years he raced. In those days of small stakes comparatively 
few owners could do so much without betting largely, even if the Oaks, the 
Two Thousand, a 
Doncaster Cup, a 
Cesarewitch, and two 
Goodwood Cups were 
amongst the spoils. 
Lord Derby hated 
unprincipled gambling 
quite as much as 
Admiral Rous ; and 
when the Jockey Club 
seemed negligent 

about their duties, he 
roused them with an 

indignant letter that Surplice " and " 

made them warn off 

the Turf a scoundrel named James Adkins, who owned racehorses and kept loaded 
dice at a gambling hell in Albemarle Street. 

Lord Derby's best animal was the mare Canezou, who ran second to Surplice 
for the Leger, and his prettiest was Itkuriel, whose statuette was placed on the 
Goodwood Cup of 1845. Long after he had given up racing for politics and 
literature, his greatest pleasure was a walk round the Knowsley paddocks among 
the foals and yearlings ; and in spite of all the brilliant conversations he must 
have enjoyed with the best men and women in Europe, his visits to Whitewall 
to talk horse with John Scott were among the things he would most have missed 
in a full and strenuous life. 

VOL. III. F 




498 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



There have been many famous politicians on the Turf, some of whom I have 
tried to sketch in these pages ; but it may be doubted whether any was more 
popular than Lord Palmerston, who became Secretary of War when he was five 
and twenty, and enjoyed the confidence and respect of nearly every section of his 
countrymen before he died as Prime Minister and was buried in Westminster 
Abbey. It might be difficult to manage affairs now as he did then ; but his 
undoubted pluck and his downright refusal to allow his country to be "put upon" 
strongly appealed to the Briton of the day, who lived a simpler life and faced 

less complicated*- issues than do we. 
His first hit on the Turf was Luz- 
borough, who swept the west country 
of every plate for which he entered, 
and finally became a successful sire 
of cavalry chargers in Virginia. The 
pronunciation of his Iliona furnished 
many a controversy among his friends 
until the famous Dr. Whewell sent 
word from Cambridge that the o was 
short. Black and All Slack, Foxbury, 
and Grey leg were names that smacked 
more of the old-fashioned Turf, and 
Bttckthorn was perhaps the best of 
all, a nice type of Venison colt, who 
stayed as well as his father, and won 
at Lord Palmerston's favourite pro- 
vincial meeting, Tiverton. But it was 
the race for the Ascot Stakes of 1853 

which will always be remembered about this horse ; for in a field of thirteen he was 
giving King Pippin a four-year-old like himself very nearly 2st. Alfred Day 
(William's brother) lay so far behind his horses that less than a mile from home none 
of the spectators thought anything of his chance. But he crept up round the bend, 
and, coming with a rush at the distance, he won by half a length, amid great applause 
from the public and the smart spectators in the stands. But Buckthorn never 
got over it, and would never have won at all but for his very great superiority 
over the other horses, whom he managed to beat in spite of lying as far out 




\ 



The Third Viscount Palmerston. 



SOME EARLY VICTORIAN OWNERS 499 

of his ground as Fisherman or Jitlius when they were defeated for that very 
reason at Stockbridge. Buckthorn did not run so well again, so it was probably 
with Iliona that Lord Palmerston's racing name was chiefly connected in the 
public mind. For this smart daughter of Priam beat eight others for the 
Southampton Stakes in 1842 when all were placed, and Retriever, who was 
second, won the Goodwood Stakes the week after. This was lucky for a cheap 
purchase at Tattersall's which had only been "one of Lord George's cast-offs;" 
and she won Lord Palmerston's first Cesarewitch as well. 

Abstemious enough in eating and drinking, Lord Palmerston could do more 
work than most men when he liked, and would stand at a high table and write 
from ten o'clock at night till two in the morning, without running any risk 
of losing the reputation as " Cupid " of which he was secretly a little proud. He 
would gallop over from Broadlands to Danebury at such a pace that he had 
to go round the yard once or twice before pulling up, in dark trousers and an 
unbuttoned coat flying in the wind. "Such capital exercise! "he would exclaim, 
galloping off again the moment he had seen the horses and thrown a word to 
old John Day. But when the trainer got past the policeman and found Sir 
William Codrington in the House of Commons, Lord Palmerston left the Irish 
debate at once, and came out to shake hands with him, saying, in answer to 
his congratulations on the Premiership, "Thanks, John; I have won my Derby." 
In 1859 he quite thought "the real thing" was in his grasp at last; but 
Mainstone was not placed. As Lord Derby said at Tattersall's just before the 
race, on the day after the Derby Cabinet had been beaten in a division on the 
Address, "Two wins in one week would be too much." The political rivals were 
always good friends on the Turf; but Lord Palmerston may not have denied 
himself a quiet chuckle when he saw that Cape Flyaway did no better at Epsom 
than his own colt. The last thoroughbred he owned (Baldwin by Rataplan] he 
sent over to the stud of Lord Naas in Ireland ; and this reminds me that when 
the fellow-citizens of Palmer the poisoner came to ask him whether the name 
of their town might be changed, in consequence of the evil notoriety which that 
cold-blooded scoundrel had brought upon it, he suggested that if they desired to 
be complimentary they might call it Palmerston. 

On May nth, 1856, Lord Chief Justice Campbell, Baron Alderson, and 
Mr. Justice Cresswell tried William Palmer, aged 31, surgeon, of Rugeley, 
Staffordshire, for the wilful murder of John Parsons Cook, at the Central Criminal 



500 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



Court in London. The Attorney-General, Mr. Edwin James, O.C., Mr. Welsby, 
Mr. Bodkin, and Mr. Huddleston were for the prosecution. The florid and 
portly prisoner, defended by Mr. Serjeant Shee, Mr. Grove, O.C., Mr. Gray, 
and Mr. Kenealy, kept perfectly cool throughout, sending slips of paper every 
now and then to his solicitor and counsel for their instruction. But Sir Alexander 
Cockburn's reply was fatal. " It was the riding that did it," remarked the prisoner, 
calmly, as he left the dock for the scaffold, tripping on his toes with rather a cat- 
like gait, and moving his body and head from side to side as if in search 
of approbation. 

The Turf is not all sunshine, and my sketch of it would be incomplete were 

there not some shadows 
to throw up the light. 
The tale of Palmer must 
not be taken, fortunately, 
as typical of many others. 
But it is suggestive of 
the terrible results that 
may ensue when the 
wrong man takes up 
racing, becomes reckless, 
and finally leaves so 
deep a stain upon the 
noble sport he has dis- 
honoured that unthink- 
ing faddists attribute to 

the Turf itself the whole of his rascality. This, however, is in fact the result 
of an ingrained scoundrelism that would have blackened just as foully every sphere 
of life with which it might have come in contact. 

When John Osborne first met Palmer, he thought him " a nice sort of fellow 
to speak to." The Rugeley surgeon was running Doubt in a handicap which old 
John won with Alp. This was one of his first horses, and his Turf career 
commenced successfully enough. Very few people suspected what the end would 
be. As a boy of twelve he inherited ,7,000, as his part of the fortune which his 
father had accumulated as a timber merchant ; and he first learnt the use of 
strychnine as a student at St. Bartholomew's Hospital, whence he passed into a 




" Blink Bonny" by " Melbourne" (1854). 



SOME EARLY VICTORIAN OWNERS. 



501 



good practice as a surgeon at Rugeley. Hitherto there had been nothing 
remarkable about him except that the naturally amiable disposition of a child 
had occasionally been obscured by cruel experiments upon animals. He married the 
daughter of an Indian officer with a small property of her own, and of his five 
children all but the eldest died in convulsions a few weeks after their birth. His 
wife's own income was only to last her lifetime, so he insured her life for ,13,000, 
and nine months afterwards she was dead. Within another three months he was 
trying to effect heavy insurances on the life of his brother, a confirmed drunkard, 




"Virago " by " Pyrrhtis the First " (1851). 

to the enormous extent of ,80,000. Meanwhile he lived handsomely; for in 1851 
he cleared nearly ,4,000 over DoiMs victory in the Leamington Stakes ; he then 
netted ,3,000 with Goldfindcr in the Shrewsbury Handicap, more at Wolverhampton, 
and nearly ,7,000 at Warwick, all on the same horse. At Manchester he won again 
with Trickstress, and Doubt did even better in the autumn. His genuine love of 
racing then degenerated into a passion for gambling, which was not satisfied with his 
own horses, but extended to backing other people's. His agents began to hedge ; 
the bookmakers laid him less than market price ; the money-dealers got their hands 



502 A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 

upon him too. Even Doubfs sterling performances failed to counterbalance the 
defeat of the over-raced Goldfender in 1852. But in the following year, when things 
looked blackest, he landed the Chester Cup and nearly .15,000, and in 1854 he 
bought Nettle with the insurance money procured by the murder of his wife. An 
"accident" happened to the mare in the race for the Oaks, which broke Marlow's 
leg, and was evidently no fault of her jockey. Chicken, which he purchased at the 
same time, seemed equally tainted by that terrible origin. His defeat in the 
Leamington Stakes was a crushing blow. He was still a boon companion with 
many on the Turf, considered to be good-natured from his readiness to take 
5 to 2 for the sake of a bet when other people were getting 4 to i. He had a 
queer habit of drinking his brandy and water in one gulp, and recommending his 
friends to do the same. It was only a little later that they suddenly became shy 
of doing so. 

Since his losses in 1854, Palmer had been held fast in the clutch of the money- 
lenders. One of them, Pratt, gradually became more and more pressing. A friend 
named Cook, who had given up a solicitor's business to invest a legacy of 10,000 
in a racing partnership with Palmer, had been of all the help he could, eventually 
assigning two of his own horses, Polestar and S iritis, as collateral security for 
a loan. The day before Polestar won at Shrewsbury, Pratt wrote to Palmer that 
i 1,500 in bills would have to be met. Cook was poisoned the night after the race, 
with about 700 in his pocket, and transactions in his betting book showing about 
; 1,000 more to his credit on the settling day at Tattersall's, which he was never to 
see. Before the poor man died, Palmer had gone up to London to see to the 
collection of Cook's bets, but returned in time to complete his horrible work, and did 
his best to render the post-mortem examination useless, to upset the jar containing 
the hideous evidences of his crime, and to bribe the coroner. But he was lodged in 
Stafford Gaol, and during his sojourn there it was found, from an examination of his 
wife's body, that she had been slowly killed with antimony. 

The sale of his stud after his execution naturally attracted a great deal of 
attention, and it realized 3,906. The Chickens name was appropriately changed 
to Vengeance after Lord Portsmouth bought him, and he beat Mr. Snewing's Polestar 
for the Cesarewitch in a common canter. If ever a racecourse was haunted it must 
have been on the day when the dead poisoner's horse, bought with the money paid 
for his wife's murder, beat the animal which had once belonged to another of his 
victims, in that famous race. His brown colt by Sir Hercules was afterwards known 




VI 



SOME EARLY VICTORIAN OWNERS. 



503 



as Gemma di Vergy, who won thirteen out of his eighteen races as a two-year-old, 
six out of eleven as a three-year-old, and once beat Fisherman. 

It is relief to turn to a very different racecourse, and a very different owner, in 
taking the Earl of Eglinton as another type of the great racing figures of this period. 
Few more picturesque figures than the young master of Eglinton Castle were to 
be seen in the society of the first years of Queen Victoria's reign. The Tournament 
by which he strove to revive the glories of a bygone chivalry made his name famous 
wherever the tongue of Walter Scott was known and loved. The victories of 
Bhie Bonnet, Van Tromp, and The Flying Dutchman: -spread -its glory even further, 
and will keep it fresh while there is turf upon the moors of Doncaster. Lord 
Eglinton's first win was 
with Bathsheba for the 
Ayr Plate in 1831, and 
old George Dawson, 
father of the famous 
quartette, afterwards 
trained the thorough- 
breds which that victory 
inspired him to obtain. 
St. Benet and St. Martin 
had too strong a rival in 
the mighty Lanercost to 
do all they might have 
done in weaker years ; 
but St. Benet won the 

Liverpool Cup of 1838 in smashing style, and carried confusion into the Irish 
camp by beating Mr. Thomas Ferguson's famous Harkaway (who had to give 
him islb.) after a desperate finish by a neck. Hark&way was classed by the 
late Joseph Osborne with Ormonde, as the best pair of racehorses he had ever 
seen, and I have already had to mention Harkaivays breeding and appearance 
on p. 318 of my second volume. Known as "the Irish Eclipse" he secured a firm 
reputation- in~England v as well, by^vimntng the Goodwood Cup two years running 
in 1838 and 1839, and he is no doubt easily sure of a place among the twenty best 
horses of his century. Four years after his defeat had so vigorously encouraged 
Lord Eglinton in his racing career, Tom Dawson was showing his patron "the 




" Gemma di Vergy" by " Sir Hercules? 






504 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



winner of the St. Leger " in a loose box at Doncaster. It was a mare in perfect 
condition; her coat shone "like burnished rosewood," and she looked fit to run 
for a kingdom. To his astonishment, Lord Eglinton, who had come down from 
his moors to Doncaster the Saturday before the great race, learnt that she was his 
own Blue Bonnet, a mare who had gone amiss for all her engagements hitherto, 
travelled hundreds of miles without ever facing the starter, and had been practically 
banished from his lordship's mind as a racing possibility. But when Dawson told 
him that she had twice been successfully tried against Charles XII., he went out to 
the betting-rooms and took .10,000 to .150 about her with William Crockford, 
,10,000 to 200 with another, and ,10,000 to ,300 the next day. She won 

by a length, and Tommy 
Lye, who had a good 
deal on himself, spurred 
her cruelly in his excite- 
ment. In 1844 Lord 
Eglinton sent his stud 
to Fobert, and the next 
year bought a brown 
yearling by Lancrcost 
out of Barbellc without 
knowing much about 
him. Charles Greville 
and Colonel Anson ap- 
praised him at 300, with 
an additional 500 for 

contingencies. As Van Tromp the colt attracted wider attention by his two-year-old 
victories, and Lord George Bentinck stood to win 20,000 on him for the Derby. 
Job Marson was highly indignant at being dismissed for not winning at Epsom ; 
but it is undoubtedly true that Van Tromp beat his former conqueror, Cossack, for 
the St. Leger in a canter, and Job had to wait for his revenge on Voltigcur. 
Meanwhile, Lord Eglinton's luck went on increasing. He had promised Mr. 
Vansittart 1,000 guineas for every perfectly formed foal from Barbette, and 
in 1846 she promptly rewarded him with The Flying Dutchman, who was 
unbeaten as a two-year-old, and did not run next year until he won the Derby, after 
an inexplicably close race with an outsider called Hotspur. He won the St. Leger 




" Andover" by "Bay A fiddle ton " (1851). 



SOME EARLY VICTORIAN OWNERS. 



505 



too, and his only defeat in sixteen races came from the son of Voltaire and 
Martha Lynn, who was foaled a year later than himself. Lord Zetland's Voltigezir 
thoroughly delighted the Yorkshiremen with his brilliant Derby victory of 1850, 
which cost " Leviathan " Davies about .50,000. The scene at that year's 
St. Leger was a remarkable one. To the dismay of all the Tykes, within the last 
hundred yards an outsider named Russborough crept up to their favourite's girths 
when all the field seemed beaten. Neck and neck they raced to the post ; head 
to head they flashed past the judge's box ; there was an interval of terrible 
suspense ; then it was known that 
the Irishman had made a dead heat 
of it. Bobby Hill, who had trained 
Lord Zetland's crack, looked as if 
he would never get over it. Those 
who looked on then would barely 
have believed that the colt's owner 
had almost struck him out of the 
Derby, and that Sir William Milner, 
who held Billy Williamson's opinion 
of his excellence, had himself sent 
the ^400 to Messrs. Weatherby on 
the last Monday, in order at least 
to ensure getting a run for the 
. 1 0,000 to .150 he had taken about 
Voltigeur with Lord Enfield, after- 
wards Earl Strafford. He was a dark 
brown, rather above 15.3 in height, 
without a spot of white except a 
little on the off hind foot. His rather coarse and large head was held by a 
very muscular, stallion-like neck. His shoulders were very fine and sloping, 
with powerful quarters drooping towards a somewhat shabby tail, muscular 
thighs, good hocks, and plenty of bone. Russborough was a dark chestnut, 
rather like his celebrated mother Cruiskeen. There were only eight starters. 
It was when Marson steadied his horse halfway up the distance, the pace having 
been made very hot by Beehunter, that Jem Robinson swooped down on him 
like a hawk, and so nearly won. There was some talk of the Irishman being 

VOL. III. G 




Jem Robinson. 



5o6 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



four years old, but he was examined and quickly pronounced all right. A big 
crowd had gathered when the jockeys dismounted, but it was nothing to the 
excitement soon after five o'clock when the two heroes of the day came out for the 
decider. Marson looked pale but determined. Jem Robinson was as jaunty as 
ever, and soon showed his confidence by making the pace a cracker from the start. 
Marson waited a couple of lengths behind, and lost no more till the Red House. 
As "The Druid" wrote next day in the Doncaster Gazette, "Into the straight 
Russborough came with the same strong lead, Robinson glancing over his shoulder 
at Marson, who sat with his hands well down on his horse's withers, and as 
cool as an iceberg. The vast crowd closed in upon them, and the roar of a 

hundred thousand iron 
voices fairly rent the air. 
' Voltigeurs beat ! ' and 
' Is 'er beat ? ' was Bob 
Hill's response. 'You 
maun't tell me that ; I 
knaws 'im better. Job's 
a-coming ! ' And sure 
enough Job, halfway 
within the distance, 
slipped a finger off his 
rein, gave the Derby 
winner a sharp reminder 
with his spurs, had him 
at RussborougK s girths 

in the next three strides, and landed him home a clever winner by a length. 
The hurrahs that greeted horse and jockey as they returned to the stand were 
perfectly deafening, and became, if possible, louder when the Countess of Zetland 
descended with her husband and patted the conqueror's neck." Bob Hill's roar 
of " Ar tauld ye so ! " might have been heard at Bawtry as he butted his 
way through the crowd like a bull to get to his horse's head, and the air was 
thick with hats and the spotted handkerchiefs that symbolised Lord Zetland's 
triumph. It is said that every housemaid at Aske had put her last quarter's 
wages on the brown, and even the fielders cheered a victory that was of the 
right, sort. 




" Voltigeur" and " The Flying Dutchman." 



SOME EARLY VICTORIAN OWNERS. 507 

Voltigeurs trainer did not know quite as much of his business as he might 
have done, in spite of his enthusiasm ; and he was actually going to put the colt 
into a stable, give him a feed of corn, and let him rest after the first race. Luckily, 
one of the horse's backers, unable to make any impression on the excited trainer, 
saw John Scott talking to Sir William Milner. The verdict was instantaneous. 
" Keep him walking about the whole time until he runs for the deciding heat. 
That was what I did with Charles XII. after he had run a dead heat with Euclid 
eleven years ago." Luckily, the advice was taken ; and the treatment turned out 
as successful as it had done before. 

Even greater was the excitement on Cup Day, when Fobert sent Lord Eglinton's 
Flying Dutchman to do battle with Lord Zetland's crack, and the only race I can 
compare with this in our time was that memorable July day at Sandown, when 
Rock Sand, who had won the Derby, ran against Sceptre, the best mare of 1902, 
and Ard Patrick, who had beaten her in the only one of the five classic races 
she had lost. Both The Flying Dutchman, who carried 8st. I2lb., and was 
four years old, and the three-year-old Voltigeur, who ran under 7st., had won 
the Derby and Leger of their respective years ; but those who laid 6 to i 
on the older horse could not have known of the tremendous gallop Fobert 
had given him on Thursday over the Cup Course. For the first time in his life, 
The Dutchman refused his food and was irritable at exercise. Bobby Hill's ideas 
of training Voltigeur had been that when his neck was reduced he would be fittest ; 
but even two hoods all summer could not do that, and the horse would sweat week 
after week with 1 2-st. lad and all on his back, until his trainer, who gum-bandaged 
nearly every horse he had, could say proudly, "His legs and feet, my lord, is 
like hiron ; " and as Doncaster drew near the only phrase that would express 
Bob's feelings was, " He's going tremendious slap! " 

Fobert, however, knew enough to be nervous, and warned Marlow to wait 
on the three-year-old till they had got round the Red House corner and were 
within six furlongs of home. But the jockey was too elated to remember any 
instructions. He rushed away, and passed the stand for the first time at a 
terrific pace. Nat Flatman rode Lord Zetland's winner beautifully, and waited to 
close with his rival till a little below the distance. Marlow, sobered at last 
with sheer excitement, found, to his unutterable dismay, that all the steel was out 
of his horse, and Nat, who had been given the mount because Job M arson could 
not ride the weight, just won by a neck. For the first time, and the only 



5o8 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



time, The Flying Dutchman's colours were lowered. A paralysis of astonishment 
fell upon the crowd, who saw the giant beaten at last. The backers of the 
Eglinton tartan stalked to and fro silent as marble statues. Marlow, at the 
weighing-house, had burst into a flood of tears. Lord Eglinton, pale as ashes 
himself, was trying kindly to comfort him. In the distance rose the joyful 
bellowing of Bobby Hill ; and not a Yorkshireman in Doncaster apparently went 
to bed that night at all. 

So close a finish and such whole-hearted partisanship could have but one 




" Voltigeur" by " Voltaire* (1847). 

result. Lord Zetland and Lord Eglinton at last agreed to fight their battle 
again, over a two-mile course at the York Spring Meeting of 1861 for a 
thousand guineas, The Dutchman to concede 8lb. The whole of sporting 
England turned out to see the match. The betting was even almost from 
the day the race had been announced to the hour they went to the post. 
Voltigeitr made the running this time over heavy going, and it was hoped that 
The Dutchman would emphasise his usual dislike for dirt. But at the last turn 
Marlow brought up the Eglinton tartan, and they tore past the stands, all out. 



SOME EARLY VICTORIAN OWNERS. 



59 



locked together in a desperate struggle for the lead. The younger gave out 
first, and Voltigeiir was beaten by a short length. 

On the great staircase at 
Aske there hung long after- 
wards Sir Edwin Landseer's 
painting of Lord Zetland's 
favourite, as large as life, with 
his head down, whispering 
soft greetings to his friend the 
cat. At the Horse and Hound 
Show at Middlesborough in 
1860, from the best class ever 
got together in a show-yard, 
he won the ^"100 prize as 
being " the best calculated to 
improve and perpetuate the 
breed of the sound and stout 
thoroughbred horse." The 
judges knew their business. 
His son Vedette was the last 
horse Job Marson rode in 
public, and from that mighty 
line have sprung the best sires 
of the modern Turf. 

The Flying Dutchman re- 
tired from the Turf after that 
glorious contest with all his 
honours thick upon him, and 
with this last victory Lord 
Eglinton touched the high 

of his racing 

not long after- 
wards he sold his stud to Sir 

John Errington. He died at fifty, of a sudden stroke of apoplexy, and in the 
zenith of his bright existence there can scarcely have been a man more beloved 



water-mark 
career, and 




By permission of H.R.H. Prince Christian. 



George Payne, M.F.tf. 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



in the three kingdoms : in Ireland for his munificence and hospitality as Viceroy ; 
in Scotland for his burning patriotism ; in England as the soul of honour in 
her greatest sport. 

George Payne, another famous Turfite, though a very different man, began life 
with prospects almost as brilliant as those of Lord Eglinton. As large-hearted, 
as rich, as chivalrous, as talented, " G. P." gave up all the ambitions which had 
stirred the young Montgomerie's soul, and deliberately devoted life, health, and 
fortune to racing, hunting, and cards. Yet he never did a thing he justly could 
feel ashamed of, and he was beloved by all who knew him, from the Queen 
downwards. A man's life and his money are, after all, his own. George Payne 

recognised no higher 

r court, nor should the 

reader who is trying 
% ^j to imagine him. He 

"^^V. . ,*^^&^3 ^fl^ 

was sent down from 
Christchurch, and he 
lost ,33,000, when he 
was only twenty, over 
Jerry s Leger, a disaster 
he took with all Charles 
Fox's coolness, only 
retiring to bed in his 
Doncaster lodgings to 
avoid giving wiser men 
the pain of looking at 

a fool. He got back ,12,000 of it, by Mr. Gully's advice, on Memnon the 
next year. Until Charles Greville helped him, he was invariably unlucky with 
his own horses ; and he thought his hair was turning grey when his mare 
Welfare, backed for the merest trifle, once looked like beating the famous 
Crucifix, on whom he had betted thousands for the Oaks. One of his best 
horses never carried his own colours, for Lord Glasgow bequeathed him Musket, 
and the horse always ran in the old white and crimson. When Lord Lyon 
won the Derby, Payne stood to win nearly ,50,000 on Lord Ailesbury's Savernake, 
and Cremorne wiped out almost as much when Pell Mell was beaten later 
on. The only classic victory he scored was the One Thousand with Clementina, 




By permission of Leopold de Kothschild, p.sq. 



' Lord Lyon." 



SOME EARLY VICTORIAN OWNERS. 



whom he had reluctantly bought from Lord Jersey. Probably no man ever 
believed so many "straight tips," and made so little out of them. Even of the 
results of his trials he was always a little uncertain, and generally disagreed with his 
confederate. But when Greville, who did not invariably do quite the right thing by 
his friends, made any particularly glaring error, it was always George Payne who 
made it up. There has been something pathetic to me in Greville's descriptions of 
a pursuit for which he was never fitted and in which he persistently indulged. " My 
campaign on the Turf," writes the suspiciously introspective secretary, " has been a 
successful one. Still all this success 
has not prevented frequent disgust, 
and I derive anything but unmixed 
pleasure from this pursuit even when 
1 win by it. Besides the continual 
disappointments and difficulties inci- 
dent to it, which harass the mind, 
the life it compels me to lead, the 
intimates arising out of it, the asso- 
ciates and the war against villany and 
trickery, being haunted by continual 
suspicions, discovering the trust-un- 
worthiness of one's most intimate 
friends, the necessity of insincerity 
and concealment sometimes where 
one feels that one ought and would 
desire to be most open ; then the 
degrading nature of the occupation, 
mixing with the lowest of mankind, 
and absorbed in the business for the sole purpose of getting money, the conscious- 
ness of a sort of degradation of intellect, the conviction of the deteriorating 
effects upon both the feelings and the understanding which are produced, the sort 
of dram-drinking excitement of it all these things and these thoughts torment 
me and often turn my pleasure to pain." 

A man who thought all this about racing would have earned greater respect 
from me had he given it up ; and it is positively refreshing afterwards to hear 
George Payne's good-humoured self-depreciation, and his cheery criticisms of a 




Henry, Seventh Dttke of Beaufort. 



512 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



life he thoroughly understood and never regretted, as he made clear to every one 
from the witness-box in the famous card-playing libel case, when Sir John Campbell 
managed really to rouse him. It was this bitter barrister's " Lives of the Lord 
Chancellors " which, in Lord Brougham's opinion, added another terror to death ; 
and he eventually offered Mr. Payne an apology, which was cheerfully accepted. 
Of " G. P.'s" wonderful games at dcartd, in Limmer's Hotel, or in a post-chaise 
lost in the New Forest, I have no space here to speak. The very pickpockets 
stole his watch with consideration, and returned it in the certainty of getting a 

ten-pound note each time. He was a 
master of the Pytchley, and received 
a magnificent testimonial from the 
Northamptonshire farmers when he 
resigned. He did well over Tedding- 
tons Derby, and was equally fortunate 
when Scfton won. But the change 
of luck heralded the end. Soon after 
Kincsenis victory at Goodwood he 
died, in August, 1878, having refused 
to shield himself with an umbrella 
from the burning sun at Lewes. 

Another famous huntsman in the 
Midlands was that George Child 
Villiers whose name will ever be 
associated with the famous Billesdon 
Coplow Run of 1800. As Earl of 
Jersey he became even more famous 
when he took to racing. With the 
daughter of Lord Westmoreland he married the fortune she inherited from old 
Mr. Child, the famous banker in Fleet Street, whose house has been thus indirectly- 
connected with the History of the Turf, as I have shown, ever since the clays 
of Bernard Howard and Nell Gwynne. When the husband of this wealthy, 
accomplished, and influential lady began breeding thoroughbreds at Miclclleton 
Stoney, there were those who remembered that in a family-tree which was rich 
in famous and beautiful women there appeared also the name of George, Duke 
of Buckingham, who owned the Helmslcy Turk ; and these foresaw the possibilities 




General Peel. 



SOME EARLY VICTORIAN OWNERS. 



5 J 3 



of a great career, if sentiment went for anything. And sentiment that most 
neglected, and most powerful, factor in the world's work and play has much to say 
with horse-racing. Fortune, at any rate, soon smiled upon Lord Jersey, for he won 
the Derby three times, with Middleton, with Mameluke, and with Bay Middleton. 
After scoring the Two Thousand with Riddleswortk in 1831, he won it four times 
running from 1834 onwards ; and he never ran any of his horses as a two-year-old. 
He died in 1859, and in spite of his splendid successes he was nearly half a million 
out of pocket by his stud, for he very rarely betted, and never in high figures. 
Luckily he was able to enjoy, and to improve, the Turf, without it. Twenty 
years later there passed away, at Marble Hill, Twickenham, another upright 
supporter of the Turf, 
General Peel, the firm 
friend of Admiral Rous, 
Lord Glasgow, and 
George Payne. Brother 
of the famous Prime 
Minister, the General 
made almost as con- 
spicuous a figure in the 
racing world as Sir 
Robert did in politics. 
He began in 1823 with 
John Kent, who trained 
his horses with those of 
the Duke of Richmond 

and Lord Stradbroke at Goodwood ; and his greatest successes were with Archibald 
in the Two Thousand, and Orlando in the Derby of 1844, a race which will always 
be memorable for the scandal about Running Rein, to which I have already referred. 
His trainers later on were Coope and Joseph Dawson, and his favourite jockey was 
Nat Flatman; and his last win was the Middle Park Plate at the Newmarket 
Second October meeting with Peter, the appropriately named son of Hermit, who 
also recalled his owner's friendship with Lord Glasgow. 

We have met with some lucky men, and we have heard of many rich men in these 
pages. But for a man to take to racing who is both, and that in large measure, 
is somewhat extraordinary even in the moving History of the English Turf and 

VOL. III. H 




; Beadsman " by " Weather bit" (1855). 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



its supporters. Like several others that could be named, Sir Joseph Hawley, of 
Ley bourne Grange, did not burn to distinguish himself as a politician in the House 
of Commons, and deliberately gave up his excellent chances of representing Kent 
in Parliament in order to add the names of Teddington, Beadsman, Musjid, Blue 
Gown, Aphrodite, and Mendicant to the annals of the English Turf. By 1844 he 
had registered the "cherry and black cap" that was to become so famous, and 
he won the Oaks three years later. His first Derby victory, with a horse really 
the property of his friend, who was afterwards known as Sir J. Massey Stanley 
Errington, was appropriately timed for Exhibition year, when the enormous 
Epsom crowd was swollen by a huge concourse of visitors from almost every 

country in the world. 
"Leviathan" Davis lost 
about ,100,000 when 
Teddington came in 
ahead of thirty -two other 
starters, and Job M arson 
his jockey got ,2,000 
from the lucky owner. 
Aphrodite, who scored 
the One Thousand, was 
beaten for the Leger 
by Newminster, but Sir 
Joseph got a neat 
revenge by breeding 
Musjid, another Derby 

winner, from the conqueror, and further consoled himself by compiling a larger sum 
in stakes than any other owner that same year, besides a quantity of heavy bets. 
Teddington only cost ,250, with an additional ,1,000 after his Derby victory. 
Another son of Orlando won the Two Thousand for Sir Joseph in 1858, when 
"Tiny Wells " also secured the Derby for him with Beadsinan ; and it seemed as 
if luck could go no further when Musjid won the great race again at the next time 
of asking. In 1867 and 1868 the winning numbers began to turn up again as fast 
as ever with Green Sleeve, Rosicrucian, Bhte Gown, his fourth Derby winner, 
Pero Gomez, The Palmer, and Wolsey on the cards. Blue Goivn, though the darling 
of the public, was never a favourite with "the lucky Baronet," who gave the stakes 







"Blue Gown" by " Beadsman" (1865). 



SOME EARLY VICTORIAN OWNERS. 



515 



to his jockey, and never won a shilling on the horse. It may well have been true 
that the fact of Blue Gown having been disqualified from the Champagne Stakes 
as a two-year-old for carrying nearly 9st., had leaked out, and given every one else 
a strong line as to his real merit. In 1869 Pero Gomes won the St. Leger, and 
after a sensational libel case with the Sporting Times, Sir Joseph Hawley came out 
as a Turf reformer on the lines which I have already quoted. His condemnation 
of two-year-old racing perhaps created a greater impression of sincerity than his 
tirade against plunging. He knew a good deal about both ; but a congregation 
always likes a grain or two of practice in the most eloquent of its preachers. 

Another famous racing man, whose career almost coincided with Sir Joseph 
Hawley's, was James 
Merry, of Glasgow, 
owner of Chanticleer, 
Hobbie Noble, Thor- 
manby, Dimdee, Doncas- 
ter, and Marie Stuart, 
with that canny Lanca- 
shire lad, Mr. Frederick 
Swindell, as his com- 
missioner. Both were 
very remarkable cha- 
racters, and both made 
the Turf the study of 
their lives with very fair 
success ; for if " Lord 

Freddy " began his good fortune with a bet on Charles XII. for the Liverpool 
July Cup of 1839, James Merry of Belladrum began by beating Van Tromp 
with Chanticleer in 1848, and never looked back. It was entirely owing to 
Swindell's detecting a plot and changing the jockey at the last minute that 
Chanticleer won the Goodwood Stakes ; and this good horse later on became 
the sire of Ellermire, Simbeam, and Ella, dam of Formosa, whose sire was 
Lord Portsmouth's Buccaneer. The Derby of 1860 was full of sensational incidents 
and heavy betting. Lord Palmerston's Mainstone and Mr. R. Ten Broeck's 
Umpire were in the field. Fred Swindell had "put it all" on Wallace, who slipped 
on to his nose when the flag fell, only to win ,40,000 for this acute Turfite later 




" Pero Gomez " by " Beadsman " (1866). 




a 



* * 



V!Vu. 

i- ' 

*i' 1 ,r 



SOME EARLY VICTORIAN OWNERS. 



517 



on over the Goodwood Stakes, and to be sold after the Great Northern Handicap 
for ,5,000. Fred never backed "anything that could talk," or perhaps Wallace 
might have let out the fact that he cost less than ^100. I need scarcely add that 
the highly popular winner of that 1860 Derby was Mr. Merry's Thormanby, one 
of the very best he or any one else ever owned. His Dundee got second on three 
legs the next year, and his Buckstone was third to Caractacus. Mr. Merry's chief 
trainers were William Day and Matthew Dawson, and his greatest triumph was 
in 1873, when he won the Derby with Doncaster and the Oaks and St. Leger with 








By permission of" Country Life." 



" Busybody " by " Petrarch " (1881). 



Marie Stuart; but throughout his political career he was known by Lord 
Beaconsfield's happy appellation of " The Member for Thormanby" 

Mr. Merry would have added the Derby of 1870 to his score if MacGregor had 
not broken clown. But the disaster gave Lord Falmouth his first Derby with 
Kingcraft, and a career began that has few parallels in the history of racing. When 
the "black jacket, white sleeves, and red cap" were seen no more upon the Turf, 
Matthew Dawson and Fred Archer presented Lord Falmouth with a silver shield on 
which were inscribed the names of the winners of two Derbys, three Oaks, three 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



St. Legers, three One Thousand and three Two Thousand Guineas, the Champion 
and the Great Challenge Stakes, all trained and ridden by the donors. The 
trophy did high credit to all three, and Lord Falmouth's winning record from 
1872 to 1883 was extraordinary for the days before the "ten thousand-pounders." 

He averaged ,18,000 a year in stakes, 
and his ^"38,000 for 1878 was then 
the largest total credited to any single 
owner. His best horses were Queens 
Messenger, Atlantic, Cecilia, Qiieen 
Bertha, about whom he made his only 
bet of sixpence, Spinaway, Silvio, 
Wheel of Fortune, the fastest thorough- 
bred he ever owned, Dutch Oven, and 
Harvester, who was sold with the rest 
of his stud, and ran a dead heat for 
Sir J. Willoughby with St. Gatien for 
the Derby, while Mr. S. Baird bought 
Busybody, and scored the One Thousand 
and the Oaks with her. The sale 
reached the total of 110,000 guineas, 
without counting contingencies on races 
for which the various animals had been 
entered by Lord Falmouth. He was a 
splendid example of the man who loves 

racing for its own sake, who was able to afford to race without betting, and who 
exhibited in his favourite sport those sterling characteristics of an honourable and 
scholarly life which endeared him to his friends and will ever preserve his memory 
among his countrymen. 




By permission of" Country Life" 



Lord Falmouth. 



CHAPTER XIX. 

BRITISH STABLES AND FOREIGN METHODS. 

" Regibus hie mos est ubi equos mercantur opertos 
Inspiciunt ne si facies ut saepe decora 
Molli fulta pede est emptorem inducat hiantem 
Quod pulchras clunes breve quod caput ardua cervix." 

"DEFORE the death of the Prince Consort, Queen Victoria was often present 
at Ascot, and on one occasion she was so pleased with " Little Bell's " riding 
in the Ascot Stakes that she had the tiny jockey up to the Royal Box, and 
asked if he really weighed under four stone. " Please, Ma'am," replied that 
diminutive but self-possessed personage, "master told me never to say how much 

I weighed." There are, indeed, many things which a jockey should know that 
he is "never to say," for his full value depends on several things besides horse- 
manship ; but it is not always necessary to have resort to such strong measures as 
were once employed by Sir Mark Wood, who kept racehorses long ago at Lower 
Hare Park, near Newmarket. Sir Mark called the lad who had just ridden a trial 
into his study. The colt was entered for the Two Thousand, and the question 
of weights was an important one. " Here are five pounds for you," announced the 
owner, grimly, producing a note and a pistol at the same time. " Now, mind you 
hold your tongue. If this trial gets about I will blow out your brains with this 
pistol." 

So many jockeys have in after life become successful trainers, that before 
touching upon a few of the vexed questions which the trainer has to face, I must 
emphasise a little more the important education the jockey acquires in the honest 
and capable exercise of one of the hardest professions in the world. The racehorse 
need not display any brilliant intellectual qualities. Indeed, it is better without 
them. If a jockey is to be any use he must have good hands, and strength in a 
light frame, both difficult things to find. But if he has not got brains as well, and 



520 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



the will to use them quickly, each of these are useless. The "American Invasion," 
as it has been often called, has at least effected a vast amount of good in this 
direction ; for it must be admitted that American methods, whether in riding or in 
training, have done a great deal towards stirring up ancient traditions, and made 
many men think more than they have ever done before. The trainer who once 
contemptuously dismissed the "foreign devils" with a sneer has found out his 
mistake. Our visitors may have gone too far, as so many pioneers inevitably do. 
But the problems they have suggested can never be neglected again, as they have 
been in the past, either by our trainers or our jockeys. 

To think that a jockey's business is over when he has sat on a horse from 

end to end of a race, 
and has perhaps not been 
incompetent enough to 
prevent his mount from 
winning, is to appreciate 
very little of his real 
task. Finer riding has 
often been shown on the 
slower horse which ran 
into second place, and 
nearly beat his faster 
rival by sheer skill on 
the part of his rider. 
And a man who can tell 
his trainer nothing of 

the events of the race, give no reasons either for his own success or for another's 
failure, is of very little use as far as the future is concerned. Considering the 
large amounts that may depend not only on the winning or losing of a single 
race, but on the knowledge a jockey may acquire during that process, it is 
hardly to be wondered at that a first-rate rider, who is scrupulously honest, and 
also intelligently and accurately observant, is so rare that he can practically 
command what price he likes. This means inevitably that far too much power 
must now and then be placed in the hands of a man who is only too ready to 
abuse it, and who is enabled to enjoy that opportunity from the possession of 
certain rare, and accidental, physical characteristics unaccompanied by conscientious 




" Camarine" by " Juniper" (1828). 



BRITISH STABLES AND FOREIGN METHODS 

scruples. The least weakness in character exposes him to the dangerous condition 
of a spoilt child of the Turf. Large retainers, not only for the first call upon his 
services, but for the second and even the third, are pressed upon him, while 
additional presents, and by no means infrequent bets, produce an annual total before 
which two thousand guineas in bare riding fees shrinks into insignificance. 

No doubt this is one of the most remarkable results of modern racing ; and 
its consequences are far-reaching, nor can the jockey be invariably blamed if his 




" Lucetta " by " Reveller" (1826). 

personal antecedents and previous education are not of a kind to combat successfully 
the many temptations resulting from a system in which he is an indispensable factor. 
If we consider the position of the best riders at the beginning of the nineteenth 
century and compare it with what we know at the end, we shall find that the jockey 
is now usually the master of most employers, and rarely the servant of any one at 
all. The one thing he has to fear is the refusal of his licence, and the definite 
punishment of the Jockey Club. Owners and trainers appear to have made up 
their minds that this is satisfactory, and that it shall continue, if we are to judge 

VOL. III. I 



522 A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 

from their general apathy in dealing with the facts. Scores of racing stables are 
in existence, with hundreds of owners, and thousands of horses. Yet there were 
not half-a-dozen jockeys riding between March and September, 1902, who reached 
the first class, only eighteen who had won more than twenty races, and only twenty- 
six who had reached, or passed, a dozen victories in all. After all, not so many 
jockeys are required to supply the demand without the necessity for famine prices. 
Sixty would be ample, and I shall never believe that in the length and breadth of 
the United Kingdom there are not three score lads who have the requisite physical 
and intellectual capacity for winning races and knowing their business. What do 
the few favourites do that justifies their fancy prices ? When there was such a run 
upon Americans, did they never get shut in ? Did they always keep their animals 
straight in a punishing finish ? And when we depended entirely upon a few 
equally favourite British performers who certainly knew how to ricle a finish for 
the benefit of the Stands, did they never throw away a race at the start ? Did they 
never lose it by racing to the last corner and leaving their animals nothing to call 
upon as they neared the judge's box? In this matter, as in all others, competition 
is the one thing that will lead to improvement ; but competition we shall never have 
till owners and trainers give their stable-boys more chances, and let a lad race now 
and then purely to educate him in his business. While every one struggles to win 
stakes as soon as possible, and as often as possible, every one is naturally bound to 
try for the fashionable jockey whom owner, trainer, and public alike demand. But 
with a little patience affairs would straighten themselves out again easily enough. 
Jockey Reform is no more easy, and can be no more rapid than Two-year-old 
Reform. But the former is as vitally important to the success of the Turf as a 
national institution, as the latter is to the continuation and improvement of the 
thoroughbred. 

Writing, in 1879, on the racehorse in training, William Day supported the opinion 
concerning Jockey Reform previously expressed by John Scott, of Whitewall, that 
the weights should be raised, arguing from such facts as that in 1831, when Squire 
Osbaldestone undertook to ride 200 miles in ten hours, 1 2st. was carried four 
miles twenty-eight times by horses who did that distance in periods varying from 
Tranbys eight minutes to the ten minutes fifteen seconds of the oldest ; or that 
Voltigeur could sweat week after week with i2st. on his back; or that Rataplan, 
Fisherman, Ckandos, and Vespasian all carried 8st. ylb. as two-year-olds without 
taking any harm ; or, finally, that in 1878, in the three great handicaps at Goodwood, 



BRITISH STABLES AND FOREIGN METHODS. 



523 



forty horses carried less than 8st. -jVo., and six, only, carried that weight or above it, 
while at Newmarket, under similar conditions in the same year, seventy-four horses 
carried under 8st. j\b., and only one (in the Cambridgeshire) carried that amount in 
full. William Day had such a rooted objection to what he called "Children's 
riding," that his idea of raising the weights was really based on his desire to get 
older men into the saddle all round, and on his more justifiable wish to see more 
long races with heavy weights; very much as Admiral Rous declared that "short 
races are destructive to young riders." He quoted with approval the official 
table of weights for the Queen's Plates then in existence, which varied from the 
7st. 3lb. of the three-year- 
old for 3^ miles and up- 
wards, to the lost. 81b. of 
the six-year-old and aged 
over the same distance. 
At the end of the nine- 
teenth century the scale 
of weights for age sanc- 
tioned by the Jockey 
Club, and founded on 
Admiral Rous's publica- 
tions, though modified 
since his day, gives 6st. 
as the lowest limit for 
a two-year-old over five 

and six furlongs, and gst. iclb. as the highest weight mentioned for six-year-olds and 
aged over three miles. 

With these facts before us it is possible to consider whether weights can really 
solve the jockey question. The difference which can be made to some horses by so 
little as 5lb. is remarkable when you consider that La Fleche won the Cambridge- 
shire under 8st. iolb., Plaisanterie with Sst. i2lb., and Foxhall with gst. ; or that 
Isonomy and Carlton carried gst. 1 2lb. first past the post in the Manchester Cup and 
Manchester Handicap. But some good animals seem never to be stopped, while 
many moderate horses have been helped to win by a maiden allowance in such 
a race as the Prince of Wales's Stakes at Ascot. Such considerations have, 
no doubt, led to the saying that " weight will bring together a donkey and a 




" Fisherman " by " Heron" (1853). 



5^4 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



Derby winner " ; but in days when the old ambition to produce a stayer and a 
weight-carrier has long ago been given up, the question of weights has really 
more to do with the jockey than the horse. John Porter, giving his memories 
of Kingsclere training in 1896, is evidently of the opinion that raising the lowest 
regulation weight from 431. to 6st. had deprived jockeys of any chance of getting 
those valuable experiences as light boys which did so much to form their riding 
later on. "To say," he continues, "that those 'infants' could not ride, is sheer 
nonsense. ' Weatherby ' teems with abundant evidence to the contrary." It is 
certainly true that in 1856 and thereabouts, when the weights were low, at the 
end of the period I have discussed in previous pages, there were such jockeys to 

choose from as Alfred 
Day, James Bartholo- 
mew, Job Marson, Sam 
Rogers, Nat Flatman, 
J. Charlton, Tiny 
Wells, John Osborne, 
Chaloner, G. Fordham, 
Custance, Goater, Snow- 
den, Grimshaw, Bullock, 
Loates, Cannon, and 
several others. All 
these were either riding 
or just coming on. And 
they followed men like 
Bill Scott, Frank Butler, 

Robinson, Holmes, Darling, Shepherd, and the rest. In 1902 the first twenty 
in the list of winning jockeys on the Flat at the end of their season were as 
follows : 




u Fandango " by " Barnton " (1852), 



IN ORDER OF WINNING MOUNTS. 

Mounts. 

1. Lane, W. ... ... ... ... ... 807 

2. Halsey, W 665 

3. Maher, D. ... ... 451 

4. Martin, J. H. ... ... ... ... ... 529 

5. Dixon, T 352 ... 

6. Hardy, F. ... ... ... ... ... 578 ... ... 504 

7. Cannon, M. ... ... ... ... ... 396 ... ... 328 



Lost. 

55 

449 
278 



Won. 
170 

s 

1 06 

80 

74 
68 



BRITISH STABLES AND FOREIGN METHODS. 



525 



9- 
10. 
ii. 

12. 



1 6. 



18. 
19. 

20. 



Mounts. 

McCall, G 549 

Cannon, K. ... ... ... ... ... 372 

Watts, J. E 522 

Trigg, C. ... 238 

Randall, H 317 

Miller, T. L 351 

Griggs, W 405 



Bray, W. 
Aylin, H. 
Childs, J. 
Dalton, J. 
McCall, J. 
Dillon, B. 



347 
324 
386 
202 
230 
182 



Lost. 
491 
321 

473 
191 

270 
306 
360 
308 
286 

35 
172 
204 
159 



Won. 
58 
51 
49 
47 
47 
45 
45 
39 
3 
36 
3 
26 

23 



1. Maher, D. 

2. Lane, W .......... 

3. Dixon, T .......... 

4. Trigg, C. 

5. Halsey, W. ... ... ... ... 17-29 

6. Cannon, M. ... ... ... ... i?'i7 

7. Martin, J. H ............. I5'i2 



IN ORDER OF WINNING PERCENTAGES. 

Per cent. 

... 23-50 II. 
2I'o6 
2TO2 
1974 



8. Dalton, J 



14-85 



9. Randall, H. ... ... 14-82 

10. Cannon, K. ... ... ... ... i3'/o 



Per cent. 
Miller, T. L 12-82 



12. Hardy, F. ... ... ... ... 12-80 

13. Dillon, B. ... ... ... ... 12-63 

14. Aylin, H. ... ... ... ... 11-72 

15. McCall, J. ... 11-30 

16. Bray, W. 11-23 

17. Griggs, W i i-ii 

18. McCall, G ... 10-56 

19. Watts, J. E ... 9-38 

20. Childs, J. ... ... ... ... 9-32 



Can 1902 compare very favourably, on this showing, either with 1852 or 1802? 
I think not. In 1900 it was considered by many that a panacea for all our evils had 
been brought over by the " American methods." But this was not Lord Durham's 
opinion. In one of those remarkably outspoken utterances with which he has more 
than once benefited the English Turf, he announced in the October of that year that 
Newmarket had sadly changed in the course of the last generation, for it was " now 
a sort of cosmopolitan dumping-ground." Explaining himself at greater length, he 
objected specifically to many American visitors, because "they consider horse-racing 
as merely an instrument of high gambling," and he denounced the prominence of 
American jockeys in view of the fact that one of them, Sloan, " was suspended last 
year for disobedience at the post. This year he was reprimanded for unscrupulous 
riding in the Derby ; he was disqualified for bumping and boring at Liverpool July 
Meeting ; and he was complained of for unfair riding at Doncaster, and suspended 
for the remainder of the meeting." Speaking of the same American jockey, another 
critic wrote that season : "In race after race we see them come all over the course. 



5 26 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



pushing and shoving where they have no business to go, and on the face of it often 
trying to win by trick when the chance of winning by honest riding seems hopeless. 
In all probability such wild riding as was seen all through the Doncaster Meeting of 
the present year ( 1 900) was never equalled a hundred years ago when the ' cross 
and jostle ' style was allowed, but though little else was talked of during the week, 
the steward's did nothing more than warn one jockey and suspend another for a 
single day." 

Lord Durham's indignation was well founded. But he carefully made one 




By permission of Leopold de Rothschild, Esq. 



" Tommy and Toddy " ; or the English and 
American seat, Newmarket, 1898. 



exception in his indictment. In that year D. Maher arrived from Connecticut 
for the first time on September 21, aged about eighteen, and rode 27 winners 
his first season, got second on the list in 1901 with 94, and won a higher percentage 
than any one else in 1902. Of him Lord Durham wrote that "he rides well 
and seems a most respectable boy." In July, 1903, Maher had a very severe 
accident in a motor-car, and got off much better than was at first expected by 
only losing a portion of his season. But other critics, who had, perhaps, less 
concern for the moral aspect of the question, and certainly felt less responsibility 



BRITISH STABLES AND FOREIGN METHODS. 



527 



for it, confined themselves to considering the advisability of the American seat 
a forward, crouching attitude with very short reins, hard on the horse's neck, 
and shortened stirrup-leathers. This peculiar attitude was said to have been copied 
from the Indians, and to save a great deal of wind-pressure. What the unprejudiced 
observer noticed was that it led to far more objections on the score of bumping, 
crossing, and boring, than had been known for some time, owing to the difficulty 
it seemed to involve in keeping a horse straight. This might happen anywhere 
on the course. But at the start, where a sudden backward shy is common, a 
shortened stirrup-leather seems even 
more dangerous. Down hill, too, 
round Tattenham Corner, for instance, 
the descending weight of a jockey is 
thus placed exactly on that part of 
the horse which is least able to bear 
it, instead of near the stronger hind- 
quarters. The terrible accident to 
Ho/ocauste (Tod Sloan up) in Flying 
Fox's Derby will recur to every one's 
memory in this connection. And 
lastly, at the finish, shortened stirrups 
prevent a rider from shifting his 
weight, and tightening his grip, or 
stopping a swerve. Then as to the 
wind-resistance. If the crouch pre- 
vents wind-pressure occasionally, it 
also loses the benefit of a thirty-five 
knot breeze coming dead aft ; for you cannot have it both ways, and very few 
courses are so exactly straight that a breeze which would really make a difference 
would come from the same quarter all the way. Moreover, men who ride " like 
a lifeo-uardsman " down hill, or with the breeze behind them, do not retain that 
position up hill or in a steady headwind. Their long stirrup-leathers enable them 
to change their seat as required. Shortened stirrup-leathers necessitate the same 
posture all the time. 

Yet when all this had been said, the hard fact remained that Lester Reiff in 
1900 was at the head of the winning jockeys with 143 out of 553 mounts, beating 




7- Raff. 



528 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



Sam Loates (who had 256 more mounts) by six victories ; J. Reiff was third with 
124 out of 604 ; J. T. Sloan was sixth with 82 out of 310. Of the ten jockeys who 
had won fifty or more races, five were Americans. It is significant of the power 
of fashion that H. Jones, who rode the winner of the Two Thousand, Newmarket 
Stakes, Derby, St. Leger, and Eclipse Stakes, and took Diamond ftibilee through 
his victories as well as that difficult colt could have been taken, does not appear in 
the winning list at all, because the chances he had of a winning mount were almost 
entirely restricted to the horses of the Prince of Wales, as His Majesty then was. 
Yet the American victories need more explanation than the fact that every one 
was eager to give them the best choice. Two explanations have been given. 

One was that Australian 
jockeys, being accus- 
tomed to timing, are 
therefore better judges 
of pace than the 
English, apart from 
their habit of making 
the running and being 
able to finish strong 
and straight with long 
stirrup-leathers. Ameri- 
cans, therefore, being 
equally familiar with 
the watch, scored by 
their experience in the 

same way. But the second explanation, which was favoured by William Day in a 
letter he published in May, 1901, was that the pace the Americans made at the 
start was the sole reason for their success. He refused to admit that their 
knowledge of pace was anything extraordinary, arguing that the boys of 431. and 
4st. lolb. who won the Chester Cup with Red Deer and foe Miller had no idea of 
pace at all, for they jumped off ahead, were a hundred yards ahead three-quarters 
of a mile from the finish, and kept ahead to the judge's box. Too many English 
riders imagined they had got Sam Chifney's rush, or the patience and skill of Jem 
Robinson. They waited too long, left their final effort till too late, and meaning to 
win on the post, they never had time to get level. In any case the Americans did 




" Joe Miller" by " Venison " (1849). 



BRITISH STABLES AND FOREIGN METHODS. 529 

a vast amount of good in compelling races to be run right through, instead of 
crawling at the start and hurrying home from the distance. 

Their position in the saddle, too, was by no means the novelty many seemed to 
imagine. The fact that it had been seen before on the English Turf, and had 
never become universal, is one of the strongest arguments against its permanent 
effectiveness. No one cared to copy Tommy Lye, who was so small that as he sat 
forward along his horse's neck, you could only see a little bit of his back during a 
race. He was often successful, but when he lost, the public blamed his "awkward 
style." Then, again, only forty-six years ago, Mr. Ten Broeck brought over an 
American jockey called Tankersley, whose name was the same as that horse of 
Lord Fitzwilliam's which beat Cockfighter over a four-mile course at Doncaster in 
1801. This imported lad had the mount for the Cesarewitch in 1857, on the 
American-bred four-year-old Prioress, who had escaped, in the Goodwood Cup, the 
scrimmage which brought down Gunboat, Arsenal, Kestrel, and Gemma di Vergy. 
In a field of thirty-four, Prioress, carrying 6st. gib., started for the Cesarewitch 
an absolute outsider at 100 to i. But she made a dead-heat of it with El Hakim 
and Queen Bess, the last ridden by Jimmy Grimshaw at 4st. lolb. In the run-off 
Mr. Ten Broeck discarded Tankersley, whose "American seat" was laughed at, 
and put up George Fordham, and "the Demon" won amidst great cheering by 
a length and a half. In the Cambridgeshire Fordham won with Odd Trick, and 
Tankersley on Prioress was unplaced. Tankersley then went home and George 
Fordham rode for Mr. Ten Broeck, and many people think that the English 
jockey practised (and sometimes used) the crouching position afterwards. But 
he did not use it with such excessively short stirrup-leathers, and never without 
being able to change it whenever he thought necessary. Fred Archer, too, had 
a wonderfully effective way of suddenly throwing his weight forward (and with 
it his body and head) in the last couple of strides. But he knew better than 
to keep his weight there all the time. 

Careful experiments have been made as to this question of the incidence 
of weight in different styles. A saddled horse was first weighed alone, and 
turned the scale at i,oo5lbs. Placed with its fore feet on the scale and its 
hind feet on the ground, the animal registered 58olbs., or yslbs. more than 
half its weight, the difference being caused by the head and neck. While the 
horse remained in this position, a lad weighing i3olbs. was placed in the saddle, 
and the scale showed an increase of 62lbs., or less than half the lad's weight. 

VOL. III. K 



530 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



The jockey was then ordered to take the crouching, American, forward position, 
which was in this instance carefully copied from a carved figure accurately made 
for Mr. August Belmont, the famous American racing man. It was now found 
that the increase of weight on the horse's fore legs amounted to i281bs., or 
only 2lbs. less than the total weight of the jockey, and 66lbs. more than when 
the lad was seated in the saddle. In other words, the effect upon the horse's 
fore legs produced by a i3olb. boy crouching forward was the same as that 
which would be produced on them by a man of i8st. riding in the saddle. But 
even this does not sufficiently emphasise the anatomical result. One of the vital 
points of a thoroughbred is the back tendon of the fore leg with the suspensory 

ligament. That tendon 
is elastic, but it will not 
stretch for ever ; and 
when it is strained or 
broken the horse is use- 
less. To increase the 
weight on it is there- 
fore a fatal risk to take 
at the very part of 
the horse's frame least 
capable of bearing it. 
It may be causation or 
it may be coincidence, 
but it is a fact that 
since Tod Sloan's seat 

became fashionable all over the United States, the percentage of horses which 
broke down early in their career became so large as to cause widespread 
comment. Much the same effect was very noticeable at the beginning of the 
twentieth century in England. Causes for this, common to both countries, may 
be found in the large prizes and the increasing number of races for two-year- 
olds, the strain of starting for short scurries caused by the starting-gate, and 
in in-breeding. But it must be remembered that two-year-old racing is even 
worse in the United States than it is here, because their racing year begins on 
January i. By 1903 it began to look as if the American seat was likely to 
make the life of a jockey short, in England, at any rate, whatever its effect might 




" Wild Dayreir by "Son" (1852). 






i \ \ , \ i V \ \ 

\A\\\\\\\\ 




V 






^ $ 

: ! 

* 






BRITISH STABLES AND FOREIGN METHODS. 531 

be upon the horse ; for in the list of licences published by the Jockey Club in 
the first week of March, the names of O. Madden and Sloan did not appear. 
Rickaby was naturally not mentioned. Two of the best were sons of Tom 
Cannon. In less than two years after Volodyovski 's win for the Derby, of all 
the jockeys who rode in his race, there was now no sign of L. Reiff, J. Reiff, 
O. Madden, Rickaby, Henry, Jenkins, Pratt, or Turner. Of the competent 
riders who might be expected to take their place there were, besides the Cannons, 
S. Loates, Childs, Randall, Halsey, Jones, Maher, and J. H. Martin ; but the 
remainder were either clearly second-class or certainly unknown. Luckily the 
Derby of 1903 only brought out quite a small field. Contrast this with Wells, 
Flatman, Aldcroft, and Fordham, the first four in Beadsman s Derby ; or with 
Wells, Sam Rogers, Alfred Day, and William Day when Musjid won. Early in 
1903 those old and deadly rivals William Day and John Kent were both alive, 
residing not far from each other. Yet John Kent galloped Priam in Goodwood 
Park in 1831, and William Day won the Ascot Cup the year Queen Victoria 
came to the throne. Times seem to have changed suddenly indeed, not merely 
since Buckle's day, but since the comparatively recent years of those memorable 
feats of horsemanship when Chaloner won the Leger on Caller Ou and on the 
Marquis, when Custance won the Brighton Stakes of 1870 for Sir Charles 
Legard on Border Knight, when Fordham won the Cambridgeshire on Sabinus 
and the Jockey Club Cup with Ladislas, and when Archer on Melton triumphed 
in the Derby. 

In John Osborne's opinion, who raced a good deal against both, Archer and 
Fordham had two different styles altogether as different as possible. " Fordham 
rode short, and Archer long. Fordham rode more with his hands than Archer. I 
should think he was a better jockey than Archer all round. Fordham did not punish 
his horse so much as poor Fred, although I have seen him give ' one, two, three ' 
on the post." Osborne rode against Jem Robinson in his first Derby, and admired 
him immensely, as he did Frank Butler and Nat Flatman; so he forms a link 
between the generations which, for purposes of comparison, it would be difficult to 
beat. His best races with Archer were when he won twice on Privateer, with 
Passaic close up, and at Liverpool, when Archer had his revenge on Voluptuary 
against Ishmael. Against George Fordham on Fortissimo, Osborne also had a tight 
struggle in the Goodwood Stakes, and was beaten by a head on Reveller. Fordham 
had the knack of making horses win when nobody else could, and had a wonderfully 



532 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



light hand. Archer, on the contrary, was one of the most industrious jockeys that 
ever rode, for he knew no fear, and therefore ventured on all kinds of liberties, being 
always able to start at a great pace. He could win a race with lolbs. in hand, and 
make it look as if he had 2i!bs. in hand. Fordham could win on the same terms, 
and make every one believe that he had only just got home by the skin of his teeth. 
In fact, as Osborne used to say, "you never quite knew where you had him ;" and 
this ignorance on the part of his rivals gave him a superiority over the more 
dashing Archer. A fine example of Fordham's skill, patience, and determination 

was shown in the Goodwood Cup of 
1 86 1, when Osborne was on John 
Scott's favourite, The Wizard. 
Among the field were a French mare, 
Custance on Thonnanby the Derby 
winner, and Mr. Ten Broeck's Starke. 
After Wallace had made the running, 
The Wizard was well ahead at the 
distance, and Johnnie raised his hands 
to ease him a few strides from home. 
Up went his head, and like a flash 
Fordham and Starke were on to him, 
and won by a head. Custance got 
the fur rug which one of Air. Ten 
Broeck's admirers meant to give 
Starkes jockey after the victory. 
George did not look pretty in the 
saddle, for he was careless on his 
way to the start, and shrugged his 
shoulders a good deal afterwards. But his good hands were made even more 
valuable by a talent for gammoning the rest of the riders, which amounted to 
genius, and earned him the nickname of "The Kid" in addition to that of "The 
Demon." His victory on Starke was only due to his invariable habit of riding his 
horse right out to the last ounce. His first race (when he was under 5st.) was at 
Brighton in 1850, and his reputation began with winning the Cambridgeshire on 
Little David in 1853 for Mr. W. Smith, whose only literature consisted of "The 
Racing Calendar, the Duke of Wellington's Despatches, and the Holy Bible," no 




George Fordliam. 



BRITISH STABLES AND FOREIGN METHODS. 



533 



bad library for a racing man. On Epaminondas for the Chester Cup of 1854 George 
was pronounced " the most wonderful lightweight that ever got into a saddle," by no 
less a judge than the late Lord Howth. But he once lost a race by looking round, 
and that was the Derby on Lord Clifden, who was well ahead at Tattenham 
Corner. At the Bell " The Kid " looked round and saw Tom Chaloner stealing 
up. He began to ride for his life, but it was too late, and it was Macaronis 
number that went up. Exactly the same thing happened seventeen years after to 
Rossiter, who had made running with Robert the Devil, and was a length ahead 
when he looked round at the Bell. Fred Archer on Bend Or saw his chance 
at once, and came with such a terrific rush that the Duke of Westminster was 
credited with the Derby 
by the circumstances of 
a few seconds' riding. 
It is strange that with 
all Fordham's successes 
elsewhere, he only 
managed to win one 
Derby, on "Mr. Acton's" 
Sir Bevys. His delicate 
handling of a horse's 
mouth, and his well- 
known preference for 
winning "with his head" 
to any butchery with 
whip and spurs, were 

especially seen in his victories with Lord Clifden's Homily at Leamington in 1855; 
with Sabinus over A I/brook in the Cambridgeshire of 1871 ; with Lord Rosebery's 
Levant (by the desire of Constable, his usual rider) in the July Stakes of 1875; 
and with Pctroncl in the Two Thousand Guineas of 1880. It was said during 
his lifetime that no other jockey then alive could have won those four races. 
The last was ridden without whip or spur, as was his fine finish on Mr. Graham's 
Formosa for the Two Thousand of 1868. It was also the opinion of Custance, 
another rival, and therefore well qualified to speak, that Fordham was the best 
jockey he ever rode against. When George reappeared on one occasion, after two 
years' illness, Mr. T. Jennings mounted him on Count Lagrange's Pardon at the 




"Ellington " by " The Flying Dutchman" (1853). 



534 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



Craven Meeting of 1878. Archer won the race by three lengths on Advance. 
But after it was over " The Kid " said to Custance, with a wink, " You don't think 
I was going to let Archer beat me by a neck the first time I rode, which he would 
just have done." So Pardon was sent out again for the Bretby Plate, and loud was 
the cheering Fordham got when he walked the winner back to weigh in. Another 
match between him and Archer, who confessed afterwards that "he never could 
understand what old Fordham was up to," was at Newmarket on Mr. Leopold 
Rothschild's Brag against Reputation, a speedy horse whose one chance was to wait. 
But George "kidded" Archer to such an extent that Fred, who had the worst of 

the weights, made too 
much of his horse at 
first, tired him, and was 
beaten by a neck. 

Custance used to 
think that Archer, 
riding long, often got 
up the horse's neck at 
the finish, with a loose 
rein, so that his mounts 
frequently changed their 
legs and shortened 
stride ; whereas Ford- 
ham, sitting back, and 
driving his horse before 

him right up to the judge's box, never loosed its head, with the result that it 
finished straight and very seldom changed its legs. Archer, on the other hand, was 
the best man at starting ever seen, with iron nerves, and such an extraordinary 
eye for seeing what was happening in a race that the sporting reporters always tried 
to find out all about it from Fred as soon as they could get a chance. Archer 
was born at Cheltenham in January, 1857, and was apprenticed as quite a small 
boy to Matthew Dawson's stables, the first link of his famous connection with 
Lord Falmouth's horses. No jockey who ever lived has ever taken so firm or 
so widespreading a hold upon the popular affection, though he died before he was 
thirty. In that comparatively brief period he actually rode the astonishing number 
of 2,447 winners which included five Derbys Silvio, 1877; Bend Or, 1880; 




" Imptrieuse " by " Orlando " (1854). 



BRITISH STABLES AND FOREIGN METHODS. 535 

Iroquois, 1881 ; Melton, 1885; Ormonde, 1886 four Oaks, six St. Legers, four 
Two Thousands, and two One Thousands. Considering his weight, the number 
of times he headed the list of winning jockeys was very remarkable, and he 
eventually paid forfeit with his life for the continuous strain of wasting, a tragedy 
which has been often used as an argument against the system of light-weight 
racing. No jockey ever lost fewer races he might have won. If Fordham's honesty 
suggests Francis Buckle, Archer's brilliancy always reminds me of Jem Robinson ; 
and by strict attention to the details of his business, by sound judgment, and by 
resolute riding, Fred won himself a place that is different to that of any other 
horseman in the history of the Turf. He undoubtedly punished his horses very 
severely when they "ran like a pig," in his own phrase, and when he felt at 
liberty to do so. But he had the rare faculty of communicating his own courage 
to the animal he rode to such an extent that many a moderate horse did wonders 
under him after failing with everybody else. This he showed more particularly at 
Epsom, where his amazing dash round Tattenham Corner won him many a race. 
It was at this place, in the struggle on Bend Or just related, that Archer was 
driven into the rails and rode for fifty yards with his left leg on his horse's neck. 
Enthusiastic admirers used to say that leg occasionally got right over the rails. 
It must be remembered, too, that Fred was riding Bend Or with one hand disabled 
by the accident which had nearly killed him on May Day, 1880. He had just 
been giving Muley Edris a gallop over Newmarket Heath, and dismounted, 
with the reins over his arm, to adjust one of the " dolls " on the grass. Remem- 
bering, perhaps, the thrashings he had received, Mitley grabbed Fred by the arm, 
and, starting to carry him off, soon dropped him and knelt on him. Luckily the 
brute's hind legs slipped at that critical moment, and he was frightened enough at 
the unexpected fall to bolt and leave Archer free to count his injuries. He was 
thought to have won so much money for himself and other people that the crowd 
called him "The Tinman," and gaily followed every possible indication of his fancy. 
But he confessed, a few weeks before his death, that he would have been much 
happier if he had never betted a penny ; and his private fortune, though considerable, 
was much exaggerated by unfounded rumour. 

In the autumn of 1886 Archer and Custance crossed over to Ireland, where he 
had to ride Cambusmorc for Lord Londonderry at the Curragh. He got down to 
8st. i2lb. for Mr. C. J. Blake's Isidore, on Thursday, after weighing gst. 4lb. on the 
Tuesday, entirely by the aid of physic and Turkish baths. He won two races out 



536 










BRITISH STABLES AND FOREIGN METHODS. 537 

of three, and went back to waste down to 8st. 6lb. for St. Mirin in the Cambridge- 
shire, the only important race he had never won. " If I cannot win it to-morrow," 
he said to Mr. Corlett, " I will never try again." He had got down to 8st. ;lb. 
by great privations, going three days without food, with medicine and Turkish 
baths all the time, and it was "the back-end of the year." He looked ghastly, 
but he rode in the big handicap, and he went down to the Lewes Meeting 
afterwards, where he had his last mount (November 4, 1886) on Tommy Tittlemouse 
in the Castle Plate. He felt ill on his return. Typhoid symptoms made their 
appearance. He became delirious, and shot himself before he could be prevented, 
while his sister was watching in his bedroom. The world of Racing has rarely 
felt so deep a shock. 

After heading the list of winning stallions for several seasons in the Argentine, 
St. Mirin died in June, 1903. By Hermit out of Lady Paramoiint, he was foaled 
in the remarkable year which produced Ormonde, Minting, and The Bard. After 
finishing third in the Derby and second in the Leger, he only lost the Cambridge- 
shire of 1886 in the last stride to Sailor Prince, with Car/ton behind him, and 
Melton fourth. All four went abroad later on, but before that the Duke of 
Westminster bought St. Mirin from "Mr. Manton " for 4,500 guineas, and won 
the Liverpool Cup with him ; but his name is chiefly connected with that of the 
Duchess of Montrose, one of the most sportsmanlike ladies on the English Turf, 
who bought him for 2,100 guineas from the Yardley Stud, little imagining that 
he was to prove an indirect cause of Archer's death. 

Whether it be true or not that Archer's life would have been saved if the " lowest 
weight " had been 6st. 7lb., it is certain that wasting can never be avoided however 
much the weights are raised. I am inclined to believe that a better reform would be, 
in Lord Durham's words, "an increase of English boys," in order that when a light- 
weight was wanted he could be got in a natural state without the necessity for 
calling upon a heavier man to waste. This " increase " could be produced if only 
trainers had more time, or more inclination, to look for future jockeys among the 
likely stable-lads, and to instruct those who, from want of tuition, never get a chance 
of rising from their " keep, and a sovereign a week." A continuous grind of nothing 
but stable work will never make a jockey, though both Archer and Fordham were 
glad enough to do it for a start. If a good boy who has shown nerve, ability, and 
pluck were only given a fair chance, and not wholly discouraged after a few defeats 
owing to his inexperience, he would very soon improve. A little work with the 

VOL. III. L 



538 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 






watch would give him some knowledge of pace to begin with. Pricle in his own 
stable's successes would do the rest. Between 3,000 and 4,000 horses race every 
year on the English Turf. Almost every animal has his own boy to ride him at 
exercise, groom him, and attend to his stable. These boys must all be able to sit a 
thoroughbred, and nearly every one has now and again to ride a trial, and thus learn 
a little of what racing means even before he is allowed to appear at all upon a 
racecourse. If he were only allowed to ride for the one stable from which he 
accepted a retainer, both sides would be benefited. There are plenty of boys who 
can ride, and they never get an opportunity because owners and trainers prefer to 
give all their best to half-a-dozen fashionable jockeys. The importance in many 

other ways of each stable 
having its own jockeys 
I cannot emphasise here ; 
but I believe owners 
would soon see that a 
very powerful motive 
had been added to the 
jockey's wish for success, 
and I am sure that many 
a rising lad would be 

O 

only too glad of the 
chance of entering the 
only profession in the 
world which will enable 
him to claim his retainer 

before the season begins, and to get his riding fee from Messrs. Weatherby as 
soon as every race is over. 

Fred Archer's proportion of wins to mounts has, in big figures, never been 
equalled. In 1884 he rode 577 races ; he won 241, he was second in 120, and third 
in 94 ; he was unplaced on only 122 occasions. He won 246 out of 667 in 1886, the 
last year of his life. In 1901 L. Reiffs victories were 23 per cent, of his mounts. 
In 1900 Sloan had 26 per cent. The lower percentage of the two years quoted 
from Archer's record is 36, and in 1884 it was 41. I cannot believe that, had 
he been alive in 1900, he would have fallen below his average. The best jockey 
in the United States in 1902 was Redfern, who scored 120 wins in 634 mounts, 




" Saunter er" by " Birdcatcher" (1854). 



BRITISH STABLES AND FOREIGN METHODS. 539 

the only other horseman to pass the century being Odom, who won 108 out of 
508 mounts. During the same season in England, W. Lane won 170 out of 807 
races, an average of 2ro6 per cent., which was beaten by the 23-50 per cent, of 
D. Maher, who was third with 106 wins out of 451 races. None of these figures 
come up to what was accomplished when, in 1878, George Fordham won 58 in 
247, or one in four ; or when (in the same year) the extraordinary proportion 
of 229 in 619, or about four in eleven, was scored by Fred Archer. Between his 
long riding and George Fordham's shorter stirrup, it has always been considered 
that Tom Cannon's beautiful seat struck the happy medium ; and if rumour be 
true, it will be a good deal through Tom Cannon's influence that we shall eventually 
hit the mean between English " Lifeguardsmen " and the American forward crouch. 
Certainly that brilliant horseman now provides an admirable example of what 
may be done by the intelligent assimilation of new principles, and by the careful 
training of his lads ; for his skill has been transmitted not only to four sons, 
but to pupils like Sam Loates, W. Robinson, and the late John Watts, who 
steered His Majesty's Persimmon to victory in a never-to-be-forgotten Derby. 

The chief difference between the season of 1902 and its predecessors as far 
as riding was concerned, was provided by the rule (passed in 1901) which allowed 
every apprentice 5lbs. in handicaps and selling races for one year after winning his 
first race. This rule resulted from the appreciation of the fact I have already noticed, 
the dearth of good English jockeys, a dearth which was made still more obvious by 
the constant use made of Americans whatever their ability might be, though less than 
half-a-dozen of them could really ride a race at all. We had lost, in fact, our best 
talent, and we had not even quantity to make up for the quality that had disappeared. 
It is certainly an argument in favour of what weight can do, even when it is only 
5lbs., that the almost immediate result of the Apprentice Rule was to bring to the 
front such riders as Griggs, Miller, the two Dillons, C. Escott, and Purkiss, with 
others who had previously benefited, such as Childs, Gibson, the Aylins, C. Loates, 
and Bray. 

In the winning list for 1902, already quoted, T. Dixon was one of these. With 
only one winner to his credit previously, he rose to fifth place with 74 victories, the 
same total scored by F. W. Hardy, who lost his allowance in mid-season, but put 
Sceptre s Leger to his credit and also her St. James's Palace Stakes, besides winning 
the Jubilee Stakes and the Gold Vase at Ascot. Charles Trigg, too, is a third 
instance of the same thing, and he showed the advantage of making the running in 



540 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



a way of which William Day would have heartily approved. But no one shows signs 
of approaching Archer's feat of standing at the head of the list of winning jockeys 
at the close of no fewer than thirteen consecutive seasons. Since his death no one 
has held that proud position for more than four years consecutively, as Morny 
Cannon did from 1894 to 1897, his longer sequence from 1891 having been spoilt by 
T. Loates in 1893. 

In the list just mentioned it is worth noticing that the leader won the first 
race of the season and the last, a record from Lincoln to Manchester which speaks 
well for W. Lane's industry, three of his seven races at the first meeting being 
credited to his chief patron, Sir J. Blundell Maple, who came third in the list of 

winning owners for 1902, 
with the record number of 
sixty-seven races, though 
Mr. Siever's Sceptre and 
Colonel McCalmont's 
Rising Glass and St. 
Maclou (splendidly rid- 
den for the Lincoln- 




"Sf. Albans" by " Stockweir (1857). 



shire by G. McCall) 
scored bigger prizes. W. 
Halsey worked hardest 
for Sir Ernest Cassel, 
Lord Durham, and Lord 
Ellesmere. Maher was 
troubled with his throat, 

but did well on Rock Sand and Flotsam, riding for Egerton House as well as 
Blackwell's stables. He thoroughly confirmed Lord Durham's previous impressions 
of his excellence, and put to his credit, among many other wins, the Eclipse 
Stakes at Sandown, the Woodcote at Epsom, the Fiftieth Triennial at Ascot, 
the Prince of Wales's at Goodwood, the Gimcrack at York, and the Champagne 
at Doncaster, besides valuable prizes at Newmarket and elsewhere, all of which 
enabled him to show the best winning average for the season. The chief patrons of 
Martin, another American, were Mr. Musker and Sir Waldie Griffiths ; he was the 
second American to score the Derby, on Ard Patrick, and would have done better 
on the year but for his accident at Redcar. George McCall did well for Captain 



BRITISH STABLES AND FOREIGN METHODS. 541 

Beatty's stable, and J. E. Watts (whose father thought Persimmon the best he ever 
rode) soon showed that he had inherited a good share of talent by his successes, 
when only fifteen years of age, on the horses trained by Richard Marsh. His best 
race was on Ballantrae for the Cambridgeshire against Morny Cannon. H. Randall, 
a good amateur in his day, had the luck to get Sceptre as a professional, besides 
winning on Quintessence for Lord Falmouth ; and Herbert Jones showed that his 
Diamond Jubilee victories were no fluke by successes on Orchid. The changes 
produced between 1897 and 1902 will be best seen from the following table of the 
winning mounts for those years, the absence of S. Loates being accounted for by his 
severe accident at Northampton in 1901 : 





1897. 1898. 1899. 


1900. 


1901. 


1902. 


Lane, W. 


... ... i ... 


29 


47 .. 


. 170 


Halsey, W. 


4 ... 8 ... 18 ... 


40 


... 63 .. 


"5 


Maher, D. 





27 


94 -. 


106 


Martin, J. H. ... 


43 


5 2 


45 .. 


80 


Hardy, F. 








29 .. 


74 


Dixon, T. 








i 


74 


Cannon, M. 


145 ... 140 ... I2O 


82 


... 76 .. 


68 


McCall, G. 


i ... 9 ... 


24 


91 .. 


58 


Cannon, K. 


32 ... 13 ... 27 ... 


75 


... 46 .. 


5i 


Watts, J. E. 








... 


49 


Trigg, C. 








... 


47 


Randall H 


*- 9 6 


*S6 


67 


4.7 


Miller, T. L. ... 




J 


( 


H/ 

45 


Griggs, W. 


... ... ... 





2 


45 


Bray, W. 


... ... 





8 .. 


39 


Aylin, H. 


... ... ... 


2 


... 49 .. 


38 


Childs, J. 


... ... ... 


2 


... 59 .. 


36 


Dalton, J. 


4 ... 6 ... 28 ... 


7 


3 


3 


McCall, J. 


... ... ... 


7 


29 .. 


26 


Dillon, B. 


... ... 





3 


2 3 



In this list it is worth noting that George McCall achieved the remarkable feat of 
winning all five events on the card at Beverley, in October, 1901, and bringing home 
the favourite in every case but one, and this with fields of average size on an ordinary 
programme ; neither in events of only two or three competitors as sometimes were 
seen forty years before, nor in a day's racing which began at eleven in the morning 
and included several matches, as was the case with George Fordham or Jimmy 
Grimshaw. An instance of the opposite kind may be quoted in the Thursday of the 
July Meeting in 1836, when a ^,"50 Plate, over the Ditch-In was the solitary item. 

* Riding as an amateur in these years. 



542 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



But even this was better than a day in the Spring Meeting of 1830, when the 
"card " consisted of a match, and the decease of one of the animals suspended even 
that limited entertainment. It should be mentioned that the first of McCall's 
victories was a dead heat ; but we must go a long way back to find any parallel 
to his success. At the Lewes Summer Meeting of 1882, Fred Archer had a mount 
in six out of seven races, four being on the favourite. He won every time, and 
had he ridden Mowerina in the last, his record would have been unbeaten. Perhaps 
F. Mason's feat at the Cavan- Steeplechase Meeting of September, 1900, may be 
given the credit of added peril over hedges and ditches to counterbalance smaller 
fields, for Mason won all five events on the card, and had the favourite four times. 

On the Newmarket 
Houghton Friday in 
1864, Fordham scored 
six out of the seven 
races on the card. But 
the first was a walk 
over ; the second a win 
with Dr. Syntax in a 
handicap from a field of 
seven at 3 to i ; the 
next two were matches 
for Mr. Ten Broeck and 
the Marquis of Hastings, 
each on the favourite ; 
and another was a match 

for the Duke of Beaufort, also on the favourite. But McCall's victories on five 
horses have still to take a second place to the remarkable occurrences at Salisbury 
Races on August 9, 1827. On that day, Arthur Pavis rode Mr. H. Jones's five- 
year-old bay mare Conquest in no less than five heats (or nine miles in all), by 
means of which he landed all three races on the programme, and about ^150 in 
money value. No wonder that Conquest fell down and died while running her 
twelfth mile at Doncaster a month after. Happily McCall's record was made under 
more humane conditions. 

It is sometimes of interest to know what horses a jockey preferred. I am able to 
give a few instances of this. Charles Wood, though he ran a dead heat for the 




" Thormanby" by " Windhound" (1857). 



BRITISH STABLES AND FOREIGN METHODS. 543 

Derby of 1884, thoroughly agreed with the justice of the cheering the public gave 
him when he won on Galtee More, a race which his rival, Sam Loates, only puts 
second to the victory of Sir Visto, which was recognised by an enthusiastic crowd as 
a specially popular success for a Prime Minister. Sam preferred Harvester to any 
horse he ever rode. Rickaby always liked Mimi and Canterbury Pilgrim, better 
even than Sirenia, on whom he probably rode his best races. Troon, who was killed 
by a fall while Tom Loates was riding him, was the favourite of the north-country- 
man Robert Colling ; and " Tiny " White was never tired of praising Sailor Prince. 
Kempton Cannon (whose most sensational win was Doricles St. Leger) has rarely 
won a better fight than that against Tod Sloan for the Cambridgeshire ; he did all 
that was possible for Mr. Leopold de Rothschild in 1902. Morny, who rode 1,524 
winners between 1890 and 1900, made one of his best sequences during the 
Doncaster St. Leger Meeting of 1894, when he won no less than ten events, on 
Bushey Park, Grey Leg, and Throstle, who did not bolt, as Cannon expected she 
would, but won the -St. Leger at 50 to i. His favourite mount was Flying Fox. 
In 1902 he was slightly handicapped by the ill-luck of Porter's horses at Kingsclere ; 
but he showed all his old dash and judgment on St. Maclou and William the Third. 
The beautiful horsemanship of their father, Tom Cannon, was as well known in 
Paris, where he won the Grand Prix five times, as in England. His first mount was 
Mavourneen at Plymouth in 1861, who threw him over the rails and left him 
unconscious. Being, however, only 54lbs. in weight, he rode Lord Portsmouth's 
My Uncle to victory next day. At eighteen he scored the Cambridgeshire for the 
Marquis of Hastings, and after that he put Shotovers Derby, three Oaks, the St. Leger 
with Robert the Devil, and the Two Thousand to his credit. His pupil, John Watts, 
won four Derbys and five St. Legers, besides a double victory in both the Guineas. 
Another pupil, Sam Loates, won two Derbys, a St. Leger, and an Oaks ; and a third, 
W. Robinson, rode Seabreeze and Kilwarlin in the St. Leger. It is probable that if 
we combine race-riding, horse-training, and jockey-making, Tom Cannon possesses 
about as much knowledge of all three as any other man alive. When he began to 
learn to ride, there was fortunately no School Board, and he practically grew up in 
the saddle, as his father was a horse-dealer. By seven he was as much at home on 
a pony as in an armchair. Nowadays a boy can scarcely begin at all till he is 
fourteen. In May, 1903, Mr. Brassey brought before the Jockey Club a proposal 
made by Mr. Luscombe, which had been considered by a Committee composed of 
Lord Marcus Beresford, Lord Enniskillen, Mr. T. H. Weatherby, and others. The 



544 A HISTOKY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 

objects of this scheme were to raise the moral character of the boys, to increase their 
efficiency, and to produce a large number of capable jockeys, the idea being to 
combine the education required by the law of the land with a sound course of 
instruction in riding and stable duties, so as to supply trainers with a continuous 
stream of "half-made jockeys." It is significant that this proposal came up just as 
the Bishop of Hereford's Betting Bill had been rejected by a small majority of the 
House of Lords, and when the country was considerably agitated over the Govern- 
ment's new Education Bill. Neither Mr. Lowther nor Lord Durham saw their way 
to supporting the scheme as it stood, and the matter fell through. The fact is that 
the prevalent craze for over-education, in subjects of which the utility is controversial, 
made any such combined system impossible, and it is probably only under such an 
exceptional master as Tom Cannon that any good could really have been effected. 
Even he could never teach an apprentice to have "hands." That is a gift that 
is born and not made. So is the mysterious sympathy which exists between a few 
people and all the horses they have to do with. Yet each of these qualities is 
practically essential. A boy of fourteen, fresh from school, must at least possess 
them, or he will get no further than a stable-bucket for several years out of the five 
of his apprenticeship. When the lad has been taught not only how to look after 
his horse in his stable, but also to sit on his back at exercise, he has a lot more to 
learn before he can be trusted to ride any trials. On his success in these depends 
his chances of a mount in public. Once he is weighed out in his silk jacket and cap 
by the clerk of the course, he has the opportunity of his life before him, with far more 
races in which to learn his business than was ever the case before, and with prospects 
of a far higher reward. Tom Cannon himself may have deserved ,15,000 paid in 
advance as a retainer for three years ; but Fordham only got .1,000 a year from Mr. 
Stirling Crawfurd for many successive seasons ; and Archer preferred to have his 
liberty. Sam Rogers only got ,50 a year from Colonel Lowther. Frank Butler 
was paid ,100 a year by Lord Derby to take Bill Scott's place. Jem Robinson, 
earlier still, received still less, being content with ,25 from Mr. Rush, and "two .10 
notes " from Lord Jersey for his victories on Cobweb. When I compare the fees 
such men as these were paid with the thousands squandered on the American 
brigade, I find it difficult to offer any explanations ; for apart from Tom Cannon, 
who rides races no longer, I can think of no one now living who can compare 
with any of his predecessors I have just mentioned. Though Morny Cannon 
has only won the Derby with Flying Fox, it must have been an unusual sensation 







545 




I 






VOL. III. 



M 



546 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



for him to look on at other people riding in it, as he did in the race of 1 903, when 
many people thought Vinicius would have got nearer winning if he had been 
given the Frenchman's mount. But Morny got his revenge in the Oaks, which 
he won on Mr. J. B.. Joel's Our Lassie, by Ayrshire, out of a daughter of Melton, 
and the crowd showed their appreciation by giving him a rousing reception. 

His father Tom Cannon's energies have by no means been exhausted with race- 
riding or jockey-making. He has now followed the example of many other famous 
jockeys and become a trainer, and after what has been said of the experience gained 
by a jockey's life, it is clear that few better apprenticeships could be served for the 
still more responsible profession of training, in which, perhaps, the first essential 
is to be a sound judge of condition, in order to give each animal its proper work, 




By permission of Mr. Culvert. 



On the Ogbourne Dott'/ts, Wiltsliire. 



to enter it for the races that will suit it best, and to draw the right conclusions 
from its trials. And the second essential is like unto it, for the moment when a 
trainer gets his yearlings, if it is among the most interesting in his life, is also one 
of the most important. He always hopes for the "unknown treasure," the animal 
that is to turn out "the Horse of the Century," whatever is sent him; but if he 
is apt to look for it first among the stock that were bought at auction on his own 
advice, he must remember that it is just as likely to turn up among the queer-looking 
brutes sent him by owners from their own stud farms. So strange are the ways 
by which Nature comes to her own, that racing men have been reduced to thinking 
that "they run in all shapes." Certainly if the anatomy of the classic winners 
were ruthlessly dissected, it would be difficult to arrive at any average form that 



BRITISH STABLES AND FOREIGN METHODS. 



547 



would prove an infallible guide. It is an old adage that a badly built one never 
won the Derby. But its truth has been confirmed by not a few exceptions. 
Fashionable strains of blood provide no surer indication ; yet breeding must be 
a most important factor in the problem, or nearly all previous records must be 
meaningless. On the whole, I take it that your perfect trainer must know enough 
of the ways of the thoroughbred, and estimate his own skill and opportunities 
sufficiently well, to be able to judge whether a yearling is worth taking trouble 
over or not ; he must, above all, be broadminded enough to realise that if there 




Bv permission of His Majesty the King. 



The Yearlings Boxes, Sandringham. 



is no such thing as certainty of success, the balance is held level by the fact that 
certain failure is almost equally difficult of prediction until everything possible has 
been tried. 

But if your trainer be the most perfect in the world, his work and his com- 
binations will be ruined unless he has a trustworthy, capable, and silent head lad, 
with a conscience as fine as his hands, and a head as sound as his heart. \\ ith 
something approaching such an one, a stable will lose a multitude of worries, and 
its horses will benefit accordingly, for the brutes have the queerest knack of picking 



548 A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 

up the prevalent atmosphere of dejection or of confidence. The yearlings, too, 
whose manners should be perfectly trained when they arrive from any decent stud, 
will not learn vice from ill-treatment while they begin their first lessons in hard 
work, and will not flinch when you go up to them in their stall any more than 
they did when you patted them as foals in the paddock. The routine of training- 
stables is not so unfamiliar to any reader of these pages that I need describe it 
at length. Most trainers will tell you that when they make their first early round 
at five or six, and earlier in summer, it is always the most promising who have 
had a bad night, or suddenly revealed "something wrong" with a joint. But if 
all goes well the "sheeted string" is off to the downs long before breakfast, while 
the trainer and his head lad follow them and talk over the work that is to be done, 
until the horses are warmed up with a little walking and cantering in preparation for 
their harder work over distances, and at a pace, that have been carefully settled 
beforehand. Kisber (for instance) was always lame in the stable, and was generally 
walked about for two hours before commencing fast work. He would have won the 
Leger, as he had the Derby and the Grand Prix, had he not broken down in the pan 
of the heel some time before the race. His owner, who had hedged when this 
happened, doubled his stake after Hayhoe had given the horse a couple of canters at 
the last moment. 

Some of the two-year-olds are practised in starting, with the boys in silk jackets, 
and the starting-gate apparatus, of which I shall have a word to say later on. But in 
every case the greatest care is taken not to worry the horses in ways that can be 
prevented, and not to make their racing preparations too distasteful to them, either 
by trials that break their hearts before they see a racecourse, or by undue punish- 
ment at the wrong time. The business of " trials " in the technical sense is not one 
that can properly be treated here, but it has changed very much in the last fifty 
years, with the changes that have been brought to life in general by the newspaper 
press and advancing electrical facilities of every sort. I may say, however, that if it 
is quite possible for a good jockey to give a trainer the most valuable information in 
the world about a horse's pace after a good trial against carefully selected animals, it 
is equally on the cards that careless or deliberately dishonest riding will produce 
a result that may fatally mislead the most sharp-eyed and experienced trainer. The 
tale of misleading " trials " is as old as Tregonwell Frampton. 

It will do the young ones no harm to let them nibble a little fresh dewy grass 
on the downs and get quite calmed down after their gallop before they walk home 



'? ,.-- 



TY 



BRITISH STABLES AND FOREIGN METHODS. 



549 



again behind a trusty animal, who will not tire them with too big a stride. The 
Americans have introduced several sensible reforms in Newmarket stable-manage- 
ment, which all tend in the direction of letting the racehorse enjoy himself in a 
natural way, and forget that he is being artificially prepared to amuse other people. 
The sand bath is perhaps as valuable as any of these ; at any rate, the intense 
enjoyment many horses show in it must be as healthy as it is undoubted. The 
success of an American trainer like Wishard, when he first came over, was due, as 
far as I can judge, to his sympathetic knowledge and perception of what each horse 
required in the way of treatment or of work, and to his realisation of the fact that 
the horse was not a machine, but a creature with individual tastes that had to be 
studied, with a character of its own, and with a natural preference for finding its 




By permission of " Country Life" 



Wishard 's Sand-bath. 



training-ground an amusing place where recreation as well as racing could be found. 
Practice that was founded on such ideals could hardly fail to be successful when 
it was the result of that careful attention to detail which the Americans bestow 
on every form of sport they ever touch. 

The spare lot, whose engagements are still some time off, come out about 
ten, and by the time their exercise is over, their mouths sponged out (with a touch 
of disinfectant in the water used), and all put shipshape, the lads can go to dinner. 
And so the days draw to their close, and the trainer turns in the evening to the 
Racing Calendar, with a few more details to help him make up his mind about 
those entries that are left to his discretion. His decision in turn counteracts upon 
the programme of work for the next day or two. Some animals have to be "big" 



550 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



1 



as well as fit ; others can never stand often doing the full distance before the actual 
day ; others, again, are never so happy as when they are working at full steam all 
the time. Their constitutions are as different as their conformations ; and so the 
thoughtful trainer ends his day as he began, thinking over the way a horse is 
built. At the present time it seems as if the "long, low ones" were as much 
out of fashion as the seventeen-handers, in spite of the Frenchman Vinicius 
and his bold bid for the Derby. He was beaten by a much smaller horse, all 

quality. St. Simon and 
his best offspring have 
perhaps done as much 
as anything to form 
the trainer's ideal just 
now. A two-year-old 
that stands straight and 
true, and moves easily, 
with pasterns not too 
straight, good shoulders, 
and only just room for 
a saddle on his back, is 
after all a lovely sight. 
I do not wonder that 
owners, and trainers too, 

have made a number of mistakes over such animals before they found out either 
that they were working them the wrong way, or that they were not worth 
working at all. 

Even so great a master of his art as Mat Dawson never performed the feat 
brought off by his pupil, Blackwell, in 1903, of training both first and third in 
the Derby. It was not long, however, before this feat was beaten in the same 
season, for R. Denman had the luck to train first, second, and third in the Grand 
Prix for M. E. Blanc, who thus won the race (worth nearly ,11,000 in 1903) for 
the sixth time under quite exceptional circumstances, after sending enough horses 
to the post to ensure the truth, on this occasion, of the motto his father made so 
famous at Monte Carlo : ""Blanc gagne toujours." The winner. Quo Vadis, was 
by his owner's WinkfieltCs Pride, who shares with Flying Fox, the honours of a 
stud that supplies quite sufficient reason in itself for no English horse having 




By permission of His Majesty the King. 



'''Leveret" at Sandringham 



BRITISH STABLES AND FOREIGN METHODS. 



55' 



won the Grand Prix since Mr. Vyner's Minting in 1886. The year before that 

Mr. Brodrick Cloete's Paradox had been successful, and no less than five English 

horses ran in 1863, when the Due de Morny established the race as a polite 

equivalent for the many opportunities given to French horses on the English turf 

from the days of Gladiateur and before him. The pedigree of Quo Vadis is worth 

careful consideration, revealing as it does the use made in France of the Solon 

branch of West Australian; and it may be considered significant that Vinichis, 

whose trials made him his owner's favourite, was beaten into third place by Caius. 

The best parallel I can think of to this triple victory is the memorable occasion 

at Goodwood in August, 

1830, when our own 

William IV. "started 

the whole squadron," and 

came in first, second, and 

third, with Fleur dc 

Lys, Zinganee, and The 

Colonel, in that order, 

as is related on page xix. 

of the Preface to my first 

volume ; and though this 

was in a field of nine 

instead of the fourteen 

at Paris, the competing 

horses were relatively of 

a very much higher 

quality, if records go for anything. The dangers of having more fancied candidates 

than one in the same race was exemplified a little earlier by the same owner, whose 

Grand Prix turned so fortunate ; for M. Blanc lost the French Derby entirely owing 

to one of his jockeys waiting for the other while a stranger beat them both. In 1843 

much the same thing happened to the famous Whitewall stables in the St. Leger, for 

which it had been arranged that Cotherstone, winner of the Two Thousand and the 

Derby, was to be sacrificed to Lord Chesterfield's Prizefighter, against whom Lord 

Glasgow had laid a very heavy bet ; but it is very doubtful whether Mr. Bowes 

knew this. In any case, Nutwith got the better of Prizefighter, who did not give up 

the struggle in time to let Frank Butler know that Cotherstone was badly wanted after 




By permission of His Majesty the King. 



Tlic Stud Grooiris House, 
Sandringham. 



552 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



all. In the St. Leger of 1858 the catastrophe with Cotherstone was not repeated 
with Mr. Merry's Blanche of Middlebie, only because Luke Snowden, on his other 
mare, Sunbeam, realised in time that Aldcroft on The Hadji had got between them 
and was actually winning. So Sunbeam was called on for an effort just in time, and 
won by half a length. 

It was Bill Scott who first found out for Whitewall what a real good one they 
had got in Touchstone s son, and Mr. Bowes did well over both Derby and Two 
Thousand. On Letcombe Downs, near the little Berkshire town of Wantage, 
old Tom Parr once asked Saucebox a question on the day before the St. Leger 
of 1855. He had to be "as good as Scythian in the Chester Cup, with Fanny 

Gray to make the run- 
ning, and Mortemer to 
take it up at the end of 
a mile." The victory 
by five lengths proved 
a true portent ; and 
Weathergage was just as 
thoughtful on another 
occasion. But such accu- 
rate prophecies are rare. 
With yearlings they are 
apt to be even more de- 
ceptive, as Lord George 
Bentinck must have 
discovered. General 

Peel's Peter beat Wanderer by a head over three furlongs, receiving iolbs., 
on Christmas Day, 1877. His defeat by Wheel of Fortune at Goodwood was 
his only two-year-old failure. T. Jennings was equally fortunate in his trial of 
Ecassais with the five-year-old Liiisette. With Trappist and Lollypop, Ecossais 
turned out one of the fastest sprinters of his time. As an instance of a contrary 
result in two-year-old trials, we may take that recorded of Queen Bertha, who was 
beaten by Old Orange Girl and Laura on Langton Wold in July, 1862. She won 
the Oaks, was second in the St. Leger, and left a mark on the Stud Book which 
not many other mares have beaten. Curiously enough, Fantail, who came in last 
in the same trial, proved better later on than any of the others except Queen Bertha. 




By permission of His Majesty the King. 



The Marcs' Yard, Sandringham. 



BRITISH STABLES AND FOREIGN METHODS. 



553 



East Ilsley was luckier in 1866, when they tried Achievement at lolbs. with the 
seven-year-old Grisette, half a mile and a hundred yards, and the young one came in 
six lengths ahead. The year before both Grisette and Riistic had beaten Lord Lyon, 
the mare carrying gst. ylb. to the 8st. of both the two-year-olds ; and in spite of 
Lord Lyons wonderful showing as a yearling against Uzabel in 1864, his later 
trial evidently made Sir R. Sutton think that Rustic was the better horse. On 
August 3 and 17 in 1865 Lord Lyon beat the three-year-old Gardevisure with 
considerable ease, receiving iSlbs. and i7lbs. on the respective occasions. 

The authors of the "Badminton" volume on "Racing" give another very 
interesting instance of a 
misleading trial which 
took place on the Mon- 
day in the Epsom sum- 
mer week of 1867. Sir 
Joseph Hawley believed 
so strongly in the merits 
of The Palmer that, in 
the winter before, he 
betted Mr. Chaplin 
,40,000 that his horse 
would beat Hermit for 
the Derby, and was 
apparently confirmed in 
his opinion by a trial in 
which The Palmer beat 

three other three-year-olds on May 20 over a mile and a half. When he tried 
Rosicnuian on May 12, 1868, the brown's victory over Blue Gown and The Palmer 
settled all his chances for racing immediately afterwards, and in another trial nine 
days afterwards he came in last of four. Scarcely less disastrous was Sir Joseph's 
trial of May 20, 1869, when Lictor and Morna, the two winners, were placed second 
in Derby and Oaks respectively. Few owners can afford, as Lord Falmouth 
enjoyed doing, to see their horses race without a trial at all, and only find out 
their form at the finish of a classic race. He probably lost far less by it than 
many would imagine, and even he could not resist the temptation, now and then, 
to see whether he had really got hold of a good thing or not, if only to gratify 

VOL. III. N 




By permission of His 
Majesty the King. 



" Nunsuch " with filly by " Persimmon " 
at Sandringham. 



554 A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 

a very legitimate curiosity on the part of his more speculative friends. In one of 
the most interesting events of this kind, in which Silvio (5 yrs.), Jannette (4 yrs.), 
Wheel of Fortune and Charibert (3 yrs.) took part, neither Lord Falmouth nor 
Matthew Dawson could ever remember where Charibert came in, though he won 
the Two Thousand afterwards, and the winner of the trial secured both the One 
Thousand and Oaks, having proved her merit on this occasion against a former 
winner of the Derby and Leger, and a former winner of the Oaks and Leger. 
The quartette probably composed as warm a trial as has ever been seen over the 
Rowley Mile, though Mr. Sievier's Sceptre was put to an even more searching 
test during her Derby preparation, as will be related further on. 

A strange lesson was read both to trainers and to stud-grooms by the incident 
which resulted in the famous inquiry about Bend Or. This all hinged on the 
question whether he was really the son of Doncaster and Rouge Rose, or whether 
he was Tadcaster. The evidence against him, as alleged by servants who were 
discharged by the Duke of Westminster at the end of June, 1880, revealed the 
extraordinary fact that very few breeders, of valuable thoroughbred stock kept a 
register containing the dates of the birth, with the marks and colouring of the 
foals, one of the most important necessities of a racing stable, it might be imagined. 
In this case there was not the faintest imputation of dishonesty against any one 
chiefly concerned in Bend Ors Derby. But one racehorse has been substituted 
far another perhaps more often than is realised, and by this means a " surprise " 
has been effected, which, however temporary its results, may have entirely upset 
the careful trials of the most conscientious trainer. But Gladiateur, difficult as he 
must have been to train, with his queer fetlock joints, was one of those who was 
as satisfactory in his racing as in his trials, and rarely did even T. Jennings know 
as much about a real flyer as when he began to sweep the board for Count Legrange. 
Donovan gave the Duke of Portland some equally useful "knowledge before the 
event " by beating the four-year-old Ayrshire over " The Flat " in the spring of 1889. 
On April 12, 1890, the showing of Memoir against Semolina over the Rowley Mile 
can have hardly prepared the Duke or the public for the sad sight of George Barrett 
pulling Memoir back opposite the stand in the One Thousand Guineas, on account 
of the declaration which her owner had made to win with the other mare. When 
allowed her own way in the Oaks Memoir proved herself conclusively the better. 

Much the same thing occurred when Maroon had to be pulled back several 
times to allow the Duke of Westminster to win the St. Leger of 1840 with his 



555 




i) ^ 



556 A HISTORY Of THE ENGLISH TURF. 

other nomination, Launcelot. Again, the difficulty of having two strong strings 
to one's bow was seen with Lord Jersey's Maine hike and Glenartney in the Derby 
of 1827. The famous Fred Swindell got his start in life from the fact that 
Rockingham won the St. Leger of 1833, though Mr. Watt's money was on his 
other horse, Belshazzar. This must have been a result which the trainer could 
possibly have explained. A similar catastrophe has occasionally occurred owing 
to the annoyance of a jockey at being put up to ride on what the stable had publicly- 
confessed to be their second string. It must have been for some such reason that 
Whitehouse won the Stewards' Cup at Goodwood in 1847 with The Cur, after 
Mr. Rolt had declared to win with his other horse, Collingwood ; and Tom French 
must have been inspired with similar motives when, on Gomera, he beat Daley by a 
head, onfa/ius, for the Hurstbourne Cup at Stockbridge in 1868, though the Duke 
of Newcastle had only put in Gomera to make up the number of runners sufficient 
to secure Julius a prize. Sometimes the public entirely neglect the lessons of a 
race, run where all the world may see, under strict regulations and with reasonable 
precautions, yet they will pin their faith to the mere rumour of a private trial that 
may mislead any one who is not fully aware of all the circumstances. At other times 
the public back their fancy in spite of any declaration, as it was fully expected they 
would have done if the Duke of Portland had not let Memoir run her own race 
for the Oaks, and as they certainly did when the Duke of Hamilton declared his 
Midlothian (10 to i) for the Stewards' Cup (on the afternoon that Wheel of Fortune 
and Peter appeared as two-year-olds), and his Lollypop started nearly favourite 
at 4 to i. It was Admiral Rous's opinion that to tell a jockey to pull a horse, under 
any circumstances, was to brutalise him ; whereas Mr. Chaplin, with more fairness 
and logic, held, in a famous case at Shrewsbury in 1871, that an owner who made a 
public declaration had done all that could reasonably be expected of him. Certainly 
the owner is very badly treated when a jockey ignores both riding instructions and 
declaration. But a trainer is even worse served whose jockey deliberately pulls 
a horse in a trial in order to produce a false impression. This happened when 
Edwards stopped Lord Stamford's chestnut Diophanttis, by Orlando, one of the 
favourites for the Two Thousand of 1861, when he was tried with Imdus, a trick 
which was played in order that French, the stable's first jockey, should have a losing 
mount. Prince Batthyany was astonished at the opportunities he was given for 
getting his money on to Diophantus, owing to an early and very considerable 
commission having been forgotten when the result of the false trial was acted upon 



557 







558 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



by the rest of the stable in, of course, an entirely contrary direction. Lord Stamford 
must have been equally surprised, after seeing Edwards win on the "second string," 
to discover that he had had a real good race after all. When the public saw Wells 
in the first colours on Bhie Gown, they did not perhaps pay so much attention 
as they might have done to Sir Joseph Hawley's declaration to win with either 
Rosicrucian or Green Sleeves. But it must be remembered that John Porter 
considered the handsome black-brown son of Beadsman to be as good as anything 
he had hitherto trained, and lolbs. better than Bhte Gown, whose victory over the 
two their trainer and owner fancied more may have been due to the fact that he 
had escaped the influenza from which both had suffered in the sprino-. The 

Derby of 1868 was 
indeed full of " Turf 
History." The ill-fated 
Marquis of Hastings 
had become involved in 
the hands of Mr. Pad- 
wick, and, wrote Admiral 
Rons to the Times, 
" What can the poor 
fly demand from the 
spider in whose web he 
is enveloped ? " The 
eleventh-hour scratching 
of The Earl, added 
to the hopelessly bad 
showing of Lady Elizabeth, had roused all the Dictator's indignation, and 
whatever may be said of the evils of the modern Racing Press, it would certainly 
be impossible for it to be practically unknown, nowadays, that a famous filly had 
lost her form and never been able to undergo any preparation for the Derby. The 
Admiral, under threat of a libel action from John Day, had to withdraw the letter 
in which he had permitted a good deal of truth to be obscured by an unnecessary 
amount of angry accusation. The fact was that Lady Elizabeths amazing two- 
year-old career led to 40 to i having been laid against The Earl for the Derby ; 
so when Danebury discovered that the mare had lost her form, and that the colt 
was one of the best they had ever had at a mile and a half, it was absolutely 




By permission of His Majesty the King. 



" Meadowchat " at Sandringham. 



BRITISH STABLES AND FOREIGN METHODS. 



559 



impossible to start The Earl with winning orders, as it was hopeless to attempt 
to get back the money laid against him. This was why he was scratched at the 
last minute and reserved for the Grand Prix, which he won, and then rushed over 
to Ascot, where he won three more races within the five days. This broke him 
up so much that when John Day, contrary to Enoch's wishes, put Tom Cannon 
on to him for a good stripped gallop the Thursday before the Leger, he pulled 
up lame and never saw a racecourse again. Before the year was out Lord Hastings 
was dead. He had not reached the age of twenty-eight, yet he had shown himself 
one of the cleverest tacticians on the Turf, one of the finest judges of racing, 
and a master in the art of trying horses, as indeed he was bound to be, for the 
enormous bets he made 
in his chimerical deter- 
mination to "break the 
Ring " necessitated leav- 
ing as little as possible 
to chance, even if ex- 
tremely severe tests were 
therefore requisite. The 
Earl (450 guineas) had 
been one of the cheapest 
of his purchases. With 
Ackworth (supposed to 
be dear at 2000 guineas) 
the "scarlet and white 
hoops " won their first 

great victory in the Cambridgeshire of 1864. In 1866 little Lecturer, a foal from 
the Sledmere sale, won ,40,000 for the Donington party in the Cesarewitch. 
That winter the Marquis made up his mind that Hermit could never win the 
next Derby. His opinion cost him .103,000 and the estates of Loudoun. Lady 
Elizabeth and Lecturer got back some of this at Ascot, defeating a field of ten 
for the Gold Cup, including three Oaks winners Regalia, Tormentor, and Hippia 
after a splendid finish by Fordham. But Lady Elizabeth's match at gibs, with the 
three-year-old Julius had done her no good. The Derby of 1868 followed, and at 
the First October Meeting the Marquis was- 'on the Heath in a basket carriage, 
putting "a pony" on Athena, "which was once a mare of mine." "All the wheels 




" Macaroni" by "Sweetmeat" (1860). 



5 6 A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 

were down," as "The Druid" said, and his career was soon but the moral of a trainer's 
tale. His brief years upon the Turf must have been an extraordinary time for 
Danebury ; for when George Forclham had nothing to ride for the Marquis, he was 
fairly sure to get a good one from the Duke of Beaufort, and neither John Day 
nor Joseph Enoch can have had much time to spare, in the duties of which a scanty 
outline has been given, from the day when The Diike won the Stockbridge Biennial 
Stakes, at 5 to 4, from a field of fourteen. This light bay son of Stockwell, out 
of Bay Celia, was the first really good two-year-old the Marquis owned, and was 
such a desperate puller that even so fine a horseman as T. Cannon could only hold 
him in a plain snaffle. I have already mentioned some of the trials which the stable 
had to arrange at this period, and I have quoted the doings of the Marquis of 
Hastings as one of the best illustrations possible of how much may depend upon 
a trainer's skill. It is worth noting, too, that Danebury had the Duke of Beaufort's 
Ceylon and Vauban at the same time. The defeat of the latter in Hermifs Derby 
Enoch always explained by saying that Fordham was not well enough to ride a 
proper race. Such an extraordinary lot of two-year-olds as there were to be seen 
at Danebury in 1867 has probably never been equalled elsewhere in any year; for 
though Crucifix, Achievement, Wheel of Fortune, St. Simon, and Ormonde may be 
produced in half a century, Lady Elizabeth, The Earl, See Saiv, Athena, Europa, 
and Mameluke were the produce of a single season, and many think that among 
them the best two-year-old that ever galloped was to be found. The beautiful bay 
daughter of Trumpeter was once asked one of the severest questions ever put to 
a two-year-old, and Mr. Sydenham Dixon, son of "The Druid," gives the figures as 
follows for the result of the trial over six furlongs of the Stockbridge racecourse : 

Lady Elizabeth, 2 yrs., 8st. lolb. ..... i 

Lord Ronald, 5 yrs., gst. 61b. . ., . .2 

Challenge, 3 yrs., 8st. I2lb 3 

Pantaloon, 5 yrs. . . . . . o 

This the filly won comfortably by two lengths as early in the year as June 4, and 
having regard to what she beat, it is probably one of the best two-year-old 
performances ever done in private. No wonder it was followed, four months later, 
by her equally fine victory over falius. 

It is sad to think, as I revise these pages in the spring of 1903, how many of 
the men mentioned in this chapter have only lately left us, and become but names 
in the history they helped so much to make. John Day's head lad in the sixties, for 



BRITISH STABLES AND FOREIGN METHODS. 



instance, Joseph Enoch, died at his training-establishment on the day when His 
Majesty King- Edward VII. was making his first appearance on a racecourse (with 
Ambush II. at Kempton Park) since the lamented death of Queen Victoria. The 
stirring days with which Enoch had been associated at Danebury have been already 
hinted at. He achieved many successes later on with the Earl of Zetland and 
Mr. James Lowther, though it may be doubted whether he had ever such material 
to work upon again. His kind-hearted geniality will for long be missed at New- 
market. John Watts, who died all too soon at the early age of forty-one, was a 
jockey at Danebury when there were so many good riders that he was chiefly 
employed in carrying 
letters to the post-office. 
But he never foro-ot 

o 

his early apprenticeship 

with Tom Cannon, and 

began to do well with 

some of his first masters, 

the Duke of Hamilton 

and the Marquis of 

Zetland. His win on 

the penalised Foxhall 

for the Cambridgeshire 

of '8 1 brought him into 

strong prominence, and 

he made his mark with 

Marsh's stable at Newmarket, especially on His Majesty's Persimmon. He was a 

fine example of the old school of riding, on which it will be difficult ever to improve. 

Thomas Jennings, whom we lost in December, 1900, was an example of a trainer 
who was almost as much concerned with Continental as with English racing. He 
was as well known in Italy as in France, and it was a sudden visit of his to the latter 
country which probably preserved Gladiateur to the Turf. For that great horse, 
who scarcely passed a week of his life without showing lameness, and could never be 
properly trained, was gifted with an ugly enlargement on one of the joints of his 
off fore leg as a yearling. Jennings advised Charles Pratt to "let Nature take its 
course," and this proved to be the right course. Nothing but " Nature" could have 
helped an animal with chronic navicular disease to do what he did. 

VOL. III. O 




" Lord Clifden " by " Newminster " (1860). 



5 6 2 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



In his first trial as a yearling at Chantilly he was beaten by Le Mandarin, on 
whom Jennings won a new hat. But Count Lagrange remained unshaken in his 
belief in his favourite. The difficulties of training him were the greatest triumphs 
of Jennings' career, and it was in trying to get a line as to the other three-year-old 
form that Argences, his stable companion, was beaten for the Newmarket Biennial 
by Kangaroo, soon afterwards to be sold to Lord Hastings for .12,000, probably 
the worst bargain ever made before the present craze for fashionable yearlings. By 
a combination of skill and good fortune rarely equalled, Gladiateur reached Epsom 



. 




" Gladiateur" by Monarque" (1862). 

(after winning the Two Thousand) as fit as he ever was in his life, and his Derby 
trial was one of the best ever run ; for he gave his owner's Fille de FAir (who had 
won the last Oaks) a year and 81bs., and 35lbs. to each of two other four-year-olds, 
and beat them all easily. There was a moment, however, of extreme agitation in 
the Derby, for which a bad field of twenty-eight came to the post. When they 
neared the Bell, Christmas Carol seemed to be winning from E It ham at the head of 
all the other horses. Gladiateur, on the high ground and full of running, was being 
hard held by Grimshaw, who was too short-sighted to see what was happening on 



BRITISH STABLES AND FOREIGN METHODS. 



563 



the rails. Luckily Goater (on Lord Westmoreland's Brahma] shouted out, " Don't 
you see where Tom French is ? " whereupon Gladiateur was let go, and the race was 
over at once. His finest race, in the opinion of that excellent judge, Mr. Sydenham 
Dixon, who saw it, was the Ascot Cup of 1866 against Breadalbane and Regalia. 
His leg was worse than usual, and Grimshaw, apparently putting a very liberal 
interpretation on his instructions to nurse his mount carefully downhill, let Breadal- 
bane pass the stand the first time twenty lengths ahead of the filly, who was about 
ten ahead of the Frenchman, and when they were on level ground again after the 
hill the gap was at least three hundred yards. It was closed up in the most 
astonishing manner when Gladiateur was at last allowed to stride along. People 
could hardly believe 
their eyes when Regalia 
was beaten by forty 
lengths, and Breadal- 
bane never finished at 
all. James Waugh, also, 
thought this the finest 
performance ever accom- 
plished. Gladiatcitr died 
young, after having been 
sold to Mr. Blenkiron, 
founder of the Middle 
Park Stud, at the out- 
break of the war, and 
besides Grand Co^lp, 

who appeared in the Derby, he only left Hero to represent him on the Turf, a 
bay colt out of Tcsane, foaled in 1872. What Hero might have grown into will 
never be known, for when both Jennings and Count Lagrange thought he "was 
as good as his father," he split one of his hind legs at exercise, and had to be 
destroyed. I have mentioned Regalia in Gladiateur 's mighty Ascot victory. Its 
value will be enhanced by the knowledge that this big chestnut daughter of Slock^c// 
won the Oaks of 1865, and was second to the Frenchman for the Leger. She ran 
thirty-eight times after her only outing as a two-year-old at the Houghton Meeting. 
For the Gold Vase at Ascot she was only beaten by Tom Cannon's remarkable 
riding on the "66 to i Mail Train" She never forgave Heartfield for striking her 




" Regalia " by " Stock-weir (1862). 



564 A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 

at the start for the Hunt Cup next day ; but he knew her little ways better than any- 
one else, as all the other jockeys recognised. Again, it was Fordham's horsemanship 
on Lectiirer which beat her in the Gold Cup, her third race at the meeting. 

We are accustomed nowadays to seeing foreigners not only enter for our best 
sporting events, but even win them. On the Turf we have had Mr. Richard Ten 
Broeck, Mr. Pierre Lorillard with Iroqiiois, Mr. Keene with Foxhall, Mr. William 
C. Whitney with Volodyovski, and others from the United States ; the Germans 
won the Cambridgeshire of 1854; Baron Petroffski's Vision (bred in Russia) appeared 
at Newmarket three years afterwards ; Kisber and Galopin were the property of 
Hungarians ; the best mare they ever sent from the Kisber stud was Kincsem, in 
1878, who won the Goodwood Cup among her many victories. She held an 
unbeaten record, and won thirty-six races off the reel before she came to England, 
four being walk-overs. After Goodwood she won the Grand Prix de Deauville, and 
the Grand Prize at Baden-Baden. She was a little like Virago, standing over i6'i, 
and "as long as a boat." She was a granddaughter of Newminster, bred in 1874, 
by Cambuscan out of Water Nymph, and proved a valuable brood mare when at last 
she was given a rest by M. Blascovitz, whose colours she carried. Her grandson 
ffazafi won the Royal Handicap at Sandown in 1903 under the same jacket, which 
is a curious coincidence. This colt was by Orwell (brother to Ornament, the dam of 
Sceptre) out of Ollyan Nines by Buccaneer (sire of Kisber, who won both Derby and 
Grand Prix easily) out of Kincsem. From France we know the names of Count 
Lagrange, M. Caillault, M. Abeille, M. Aumont, M. Edmond Blanc, M. C. Blanc, 
M. de Bremond, M. Lupin, and M. Lefevre. But never before had a foreigner created 
so much sensation as when Count Lagrange's Gladiateiir was trained by Jennings 
for the Derby. When M. Lupin's Jouvence and Baron Nathaniel de Rothschild's 
Baroncino won the Goodwood Cup in 1853 and 1855, they were carrying over a 
stone less than the English horses of their own age, a fair indication of the opinion 
we held at the time of French racing-stables. In 1857 the same race was especially 
exciting from the fact that besides Monarque (the sire of Gladiateur] there were 
Mr. Ten Broeck's Prior and Prioress, and M. Lupin's Florian, in a field of fourteen, 
which included the famous Fisherman, and will always be remembered for the 
scrimmage created by the fall of Gunboat on the hill. It was won by Monarque ; 
but though it was far from being his only success on this side, no one imagined 
he was to sire a Derby winner. He came from the Aumont stables, which were 
bought by Count Lagrange, and also contained Mademoiselle de Cliantilly, who won 



BRITJSH STABLES AND FOREIGN METHODS. 



565 



the French Oaks and the City and Suburban at Epsom the following year. Tom 
Jennings looked after the Count's stable at Newmarket, while his brother cared 
for the French brigade at Compiegne. The running of Hospodar, Stradella, and 
Jarnicoton (whom the Ring called "Darning-cotton") did not make the stable 
popular in England, and when Fille de FAir won the Oaks there was a disgraceful 
riot, though similarly in-and-out running has been well known, in the case of mares, 
both before and since. Gladiateiir changed all that, and with the usual swift 
reversal of popular feeling, it was then imagined that the English Turf was going 
to the dogs. 

But French owners were far from having produced such an effect, any more 
than they did when the 
Due de Chartres ran an 
English-bred horse for 
the Derby of 1784, 
or, as Due d'Orleans, 
entered a son of High- 
flyer two years later. 
In spite of the horrors 
of 1789 and 1790 in 
his own country, the 
Due was running about 
a dozen horses on this 
side, until he was guil- 
lotined soon afterwards. 
From that time his 

fate seems to have exercised so discouraging an influence that no French horse 
appeared till in 1860 Dangn finished fourth in Thormanbys Derby at 200 to i, 
after travelling over from the French Derby. The next year Count Lagrange 
ran the handsome Royallieu, who came in sixth ; and by the time Hospodar (by 
Monarque] had won the Clearwell and the Criterion, we had begun to imagine that 
there might be something in a French horse after all, especially when Marignan and 
Cosmopolite (a Lanercost horse) did so well at Newmarket, the latter being a wonder 
over six furlongs, or when Palestro and Gabrielle d'Estrees had run first and second 
for the Cambridgeshire of 1861, an especial triumph for Jennings. But Gladiatcur 
seemed to mark the zenith of the Count's fortunes. Plutus, who ran in Lord Lyons 




" Fille de FAir" by " Foig-a-Ballagh " (1861). 



566 A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 

year, had been picked up cheap in Newmarket by Jennings. Neither Dragon nor 
Rouge Dragon had justified the odds taken about them. The Franco-German War 
was a severe shock to our neighbours' breeding, and Dangu, the birthplace of 
Gladiateur, never seemed to recover from its Prussian occupation. Count Lagrange, 
who had been hard hit, leased his horses to M. Lefevre, who raced as " Mr. 
Lombard" in England, and was well known to Lord James of Hereford in connection 
with the Honduras Loan. M. Delamarre's entry in the Derby of 1871 can hardly 
count, for like M. Lefevre's Ravenshoe and Drummond, it was born and bred and 
trained in England. The former sportsman's Condor was an outsider. But the 
Count de Juigne's Montargis was a very different animal in 1873. Though he failed 
in the Derby, he won 70,000 English sovereigns in the Cambridgeshire. Boiard was 
perhaps a better stayer, for he beat our Derby winner in the Grand Prix, and won 
the Ascot Cup next year. It was M. Lefevre who bought Ecossais, of whom I have 
already spoken. He lost the Derby of 1874. Braconnier came over with a great 
reputation in 1876, and though he won the Jockey Club Cup later on, he was only- 
tenth in Kisbers Derby, one of the best winners ever seen. In the next year 
Chamant and Jongleur, both French, were perhaps as good as any of their age alive. 
The latter took another Cambridgeshire across the Channel, and beat the big 
Verneuil as a two-year-old for the Criterion. Chamant, who was a son of Mortcmcr, 
a winner of the Ascot Cup, won the Two Thousand very easily, and was thought 
by Lord Falmouth to be a stone better than the Derby winner Si/vio. In 1878, by 
which date Jennings had been for two years again in the service of his old master, 
Insulatre won the French Derby, but was second at Epsom and for the Grand 
Prix, returning to beat the winner of the Oaks at Ascot. In 1879 the strapping, 
overgrown Rayon d'Or, beaten for the Two Thousand and Derby, made the whole 
of the running and won the St. Leger in smashing style. It was a splendid finish to 
Count Lagrange's racing career. The Frenchman had won the Prix du Jockey Club 
no fewer than eight times. His Canidlia (One Thousand and divided the Oaks) 
Verne^lil, and Zut are among many of his horses which will long be remembered in 
England. M. Lefevre's Tristan in the Derby of 1881 was bred by Lord Rosslyn, and 
Ladislas in St. Blaises year was English bred. In Melton s Derby the Frenchmen 
were all betting on M. Lupin's Xaintrailles, who finished fourth, below his true form. 
In 1889 M. Blanc's Clover, who had won the French Derby, broke down in our race. 
But his Goitverneur and Reverend were only beaten by Common for the Derby and 
St. Leger of 1891. The next year his Bnccntanrc was third to Sir Hugo, and 



BRITISH STABLES AND FOREIGN METHODS. 



567 



M. C. Blanc's Rueil finished ninth. After that there was a pause until M. de 
Bremond's Holocauste came over in 1899. This splendid grey inherited the blood 
of Thormanby through his sire Lc Sancy, and on the dam's side of Kisber, who was 
thought by Hayhoe, when he was in John Scott's stable, to have been better than 
West Aiistralian. If Holocauste had won he would have been the first Derby 
winner of his colour since Gustaviis in 1821. He was an unusually good horse, and 
anything more tragic than the accident which necessitated" his destruction on the 
course has seldom been seen at Epsom. Jennings must almost have imagined at 
one time that here indeed was "the second Gladiateur" that had been so long 
expected. He was dead before M. Blanc's Vinicius had handsomely beaten all our 
small field except Rock 
Sand in the Derby of 

r 9 o 3- J U( % m from the 
subsequent running of 

Vinicins in the Grand 
Prix, Rock Sand was a 
good horse in a year 
of only moderate three- 
year-olds. Jennings had 
a long and varied career 
since he learnt his first 
jockeyship with Carter 
under Lord Henry Sey- 
mour in Paris. He 
had trained for Prince 

Carignan at Turin as well; and in 1887 he took over Prince Soltykoff's horses 
from Charles Arnull. After the death of Matthew Dawson he was the doyen 
of English trainers ; but he never loved anything so well as his favourite French 
horse. 

Another instance of attachment between man and horse worthy to be included in 
these memories of famous trainers is that of John Dawson and Galopm. Usually' 
rather a reserved man, he could not conceal his feelings, as the Duke of Westminster 
or Lord Rosebery tried to do, when he led his favourite back after the Derby had 
been won. He showed his delight, too, most unmistakably at Newmarket after the 
famous defeat of Lowlander. Each of the four in that great quartette of training 




Blair At/tor by " Stochvell" (1861). 



568 A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 

brothers had a special favourite. The eldest, Thomas, preferred Tomboy, sire of 
Nittwith. Matthew loved Thormanby. Nothing shook Joseph's allegiance to 
Prince Charlie. But they were far from being "one-horse men." In fact, three 
of them were absolutely the making of Newmarket as a training centre in the sixties, 
and it is not too much to say that no single family of trainers have ever done so 
much for the English Turf. Their father trained at Gullane at the period I have 
mentioned in previous chapters, when John Scott at Whitewall was " the wizard 
of the North," when Croft and Lonsdale were at Middleham, when Robson was 
carrying all before him in the South. After the downfall of Whitewall and Danebury, 
it was the Dawsons who stepped into the breach, and since 1850 the record of 
the family is astonishing. They have carried off the Two Thousand twelve times, 
the One Thousand ten times, eleven Derbys, eight victories in the Oaks, ten 
St. Legers, and four wins in the Ascot Gold Cup. When Galopin died at the age 
of twenty-eight in 1899, his stock had won close upon five hundred races, of an 
aggregate value of a quarter of a million sterling, and his most famous son, St. Simon, 
is still the champion stallion of the world (May, 1903). John, the last of the four 
brothers, is just dead, but he has left two sons, John, with a big stable at 
Newmarket, and George, who at Heath House trained Donovan, Ayrshire, Memoir, 
Mrs. Butterwick, Amiable, and Semolina. But after carrying off in succession a 
brace of Derbys, a brace of Oaks, a brace of St. Legers, a Two Thousand, a third 
Oaks, and ,73,000 odd in a single season for the Duke of Portland, George seemed 
inclined to rest upon his laurels, and has been very quiet of late years. 

Tom, the eldest son of the old Gullane trainer, rarely crossed the border for 
a long time, and then never went further south than Middleham. He was very 
popular in the North, and trained Pretender, who beat Pero Gomez by a head after 
a desperate struggle, ridden by J. Osborne, in 1869. Long before that his three 
brothers had migrated to the metropolis of the Turf. John had been with the 
eccentric Earl of Glasgow for a time, but he was at Compton soon after, near 
Matthew, while his brother Joseph was at Ilsley. When Matthew went to Russley, 
and Joseph to Newmarket, John soon followed, and began that connection with 
Prince Batthyany at Warren House which meant so much to both of them from 
1 86 1 until the tragic afternoon in 1883 when Galliard won the Two Thousand 
after a close race, and the owner of Galopin fell dead in the Rowley Mile stand as 
his favourite's son passed the post. At the sale which followed St. Simon was 
purchased for 1,600 guineas. 



BRITISH STABLES AND FOREIGN METHODS. 



569 



John Dawson's second City and Suburban was Prince Batthyany's first notable 
victory, in 1862. The success of Suburban was repeated five years later with 
Vandevelde. These two horses, with Bel Esperanza, also scored three Lincolnshire 
Handicaps to John's credit. Wise Man, in 1889, was his last. Typhoeus was another 
good one he had ; and the two-year-olds that ran for the Middle Park Plate of 1867 
would be hard to beat in any year. Besides the Prince's colt, there were Rosicrucian, 
Lady Elisabeth, Green Sleeve, Lady Coventry, Formosa, St. Ronan, Le Sarrazin, 
and Michael de Basco. But the bay yearling, by Vedette, from the Diss stud, which 
the Prince purchased for 520 guineas 
by John Dawson's advice at the 
Middle Park sales, proved the best 
bargain they ever made. Though 
he lost a famous Middle Park Plate, 
which he would have certainly won 
had not Horse Chestnut nearly 
knocked him off his legs in the 
Abingclon Bottom, his two-year-old 
career was good enough to justify his 
trainer being very anxious to match 
him against Prince Charlie over the 
T. Y. C. His Derby victory was 
an undoubted proof of his superior 
excellence. His match that same 
year with the five-year-old Lowlander 
(Fordham up) again confirmed it. 




Prince Batthyuny. 



Over the last mile and a half of 
the B. C. he smashed Craig Millar, 

winner of the St. Leger, at even weights for the Newmarket Derby. At Epsom 
he had already beaten the winner of the Two Thousand, Camballo. Much against 
his trainer's wishes his owner would never risk another race, and took his favourite 
home with an untarnished shield, to be the sire of the immortal St. Simon, of 
Galliard and Disraeli, winners of the Two Thousand, of Galcottia, who won the 
One Thousand, of Donovan, winner of Derby and St. Leger and much more, and 
of many another good one. He died in the Derby week of 1899, and no one 
has since ventured to attack the strain of Blacklock. 

VOL. III. P 



570 A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 

Lord Dupplin's Petrarch was another of John Dawson's charges, and won the 
Two Thousand after his owner had declared with Kaleidoscope. He was full of 
quality, but extremely delicate, and difficult to train, and only finished fourth for 
the Derby. In the St. Leger he could do no less, however, than follow in the 
victorious footsteps of Lord Clifden, of Neiuminster, and of Touchstone, his sire, 
his grandsire, and his great-grandsire. He was sold for 12,000 guineas (only 2000 
more than he had cost) to Lord Lonsdale, and was handed over as sound in wind 
and limb as when he had first come to Warren House. Luke, who had steered 
Petrarch in the Two Thousand, also rode Mr. Naylor's Jester for the Cesarewitch 
of 1878, and brought off a chance that was almost equally unexpected. The winner's 
starting price was 20 to i, and the placed horses were quoted at 50 to i and 66 to i 
respectively. It will not be forgotten, too, that at one time John Dawson had 
under his care both St. Simon and Perdita //., and it was from Mr. Benholm that 
John Porter bought the mare for the Prince of Wales after her racing days were 
over, and thereby founded the prosperity of the Sandringham stud. 

It was Matthew Dawson who trained St. Simon during his unbeaten career. 
He was very properly regarded as the doyen of his profession, and from his first 
Derby winner in 1860 to his last in 1895, he had a great record on the Turf. 
Between Thormanby and Sir Visto came Kingcraft, Silvio, Melton, and Ladas. He 
also trained the winners of five Oaks, five Two Thousands, and half a dozen victors 
in the St. Leger and the One Thousand. Indeed, to write of Matthew Dawson, 
especially during the era when he was with Lord Falmouth at Heath House, would 
be to give details of almost every race worth winning at the time. But the first 
years of his arrival at Newmarket were not unmixed with disappointment, and 
one instance of this may be mentioned to show that the best of trainers cannot 
escape a bad time now and then. Two of his earliest employers were the Duke 
of Hamilton and the Duke of Newcastle, for Lord Falmouth was then with Boyce. 
With them were connected the names of Julius and of Leonie, already mentioned. 
But in 1868 among the two Dukes' youngsters was a big colt called Wild Oats (bred 
by Lord Dorchester from The Golden Heron by Wild Dayrcll], whose own sister, 
Hue and Cry, ran a double dead-heat, and was rather easily beaten in her 
third attempt. Stephenson, the biggest and boldest bookmaker of his day, " knew 
something," with the result that after Chatclherault and Abstinence from the same 
stable finished first and second for the Chesterfield Stakes, he opened out with 
most extraordinary odds against Chatelherault for the Derby, "betting to lose," as 



57' 




57 2 A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 

a good authority has recorded, "fifty or sixty thousand pounds at 66 to i and 
100 to i." Wild Oats, however, was so badly beaten for the Middle Park Plate 
that the Dukes of Hamilton and Newcastle, whose good opinion of the colt 
Stephenson had evidently discovered, were seriously annoyed ; and Mat Dawson, 
very much on his dignity, told them to "try him themselves," adding that "If the 
young 'un does not win, I will retire from Heath House and give up training." 
He was quite right ; for " the young 'un " did all he was asked, and more, against 
the three-year-old Leonie. He proceeded to win the Prendergast Stakes by ten 
lengths against no less than Morna, who had not long before beaten Belladrnin. 
Then came the fatal crisis. Against Pero Gomez in the Criterion Stakes he ran one 
of the most remarkable two-year-old races ever witnessed, and scored a dead-heat 
after a terribly punishing finish. He never got over it. The Duke of Newcastle 
lost enormous sums of money, chiefly by trying to get back what he had originally 
dropped. Soon afterwards the Duke of Hamilton landed at Marseilles to find 
himself black-balled for the Jockey Club. Their studs were put up to auction. 
Stephenson committed suicide. All this must have tried Matthew Dawson fairly 
high. But the tide turned when he got Lord Falmouth's horses. 

" Mat's " first business visit to Epsom was with Lord Kelburne's (afterwards 
Lord Glasgow's) Pathfinder^ who failed to win the Derby. It says much for the 
Dawson family, by the way, that John and Joseph also trained for that eccentric 
nobleman, as did Thomas of Middleham, who twice had his horses, and probably 
understood him better than any other trainer. Matthew's first little stud, at 
Compton, where he trained for Lord John Scott, contained such useful animals 
as Miserrima ; The Reiver, whom West Australian beat for the Leger ; Catherine 
Hayes, who won the Oaks ; Kihneny ; and Hobbie Noble, who was sold to Mr. James 
Merry as a two-year-old for what was then the big price of 6500 guineas. It 
was to Mr. Merry's quarters at Russley that Matthew moved, and the remainder 
of Lord John Scott's stud was bought to go there for rather less than Hobbie Noble 
had cost alone. Two years afterwards (in 1859) Prince resigned, and Matthew 
ruled alone. It was by him that Thormanby (by Windhound] was bought for 
Mr. Merry from a breeder named Plummer for "three fifty," and the son of Alice 
Hawthorn credited his owner with nearly ,100,000 in bets over the first Derby 
his trainer ever won. Custance rode him, after the jockey who had been brought 
over from Russia for the purpose had failed to realise the responsibilities of his 
situation. He won the Gold Cup at Ascot afterwards. In 1864 Scottish Chief was 



573 




.V. 



574 A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 

beaten, in one of the hottest fields that ever started for the Derby, by Blair 
Athol, whom Matthew and Thomas both thought "a grand racehorse." Matthew's 
beginnings at Newmarket, after he left Russley for Heath House, have been already 
sketched. Lord Falmouth's Kingcraft, by King Tom, began a list of famous 
winners in which occur such names as Atlantic, Charibert, Galliard, Cecilia, 
Spinaway, Wheel of Fortune, Silvio, Jannette, Dutch Oven, and Busybody, a perfect 
string of classic winners. Fred Archer helped as much as any other single cause 
in such successes as were these. But neither his riding nor Mat Dawson's training 
could have effected what they did unless they had got good material to work upon. 
The Duke of Portland, to whom my third volume has been dedicated, contributed 
some more of this material, and it was Mowerina, again one of Matthew's purchases, 
which largely assisted in so desirable a result. She was the dam of Donovan, 
Raeburn, Semolina, and Modwena. In purchasing the son of Galopin and St. Angela 
for i, 600 guineas at the sale of Prince Batthyany's stud, Matthew Dawson not only 
again did well for the Duke, but probably secured the best bargain ever made 
in thoroughbred stock. I have already spoken of St. Simons value as a sire ; 
and though he has not yet beaten Stockwelfs record in the days before big prizes, 
of ,61,391 for his progeny in a single season, he has probably done more for 
modern racing than any single living sire that could be named. If we acid the 
influence of Donovan, of Ayrshire, and of the same owner's Carbine, who brought 
back Muskefs staying blood to England, it will be difficult to find any other single 
stud of equal value to the modern Turf. I shall have to speak of Paradox again 
when I come to John Porter's doings in a later chapter ; but it was Dawson who 
trained Melton, winner of the Derby and St. Leger of 1885. Paradox was, no 
doubt, the better horse, and was beaten only by Archer's rush at the finish, which 
was made owing to that astute jockey's knowledge of the fact that Paradox would 
never do his best in the lead. Mr. Richard Vyner was another of Matthew's lucky 
owners, whose Lambkin had already won the Leger, when Minting (by Lord Lyoii) 
turned up for the Two Thousand. Than 1886 there was no better year for three- 
year-olds since 1864, and Ormonde was the best of them. Mr. Vyner very wisely 
went for the Grand Prix, which he won. Even when the Duke of Westminster's 
great colt had turned roarer he beat Minting for the Hardwicke Stakes. But 
Matthew had the satisfaction of seeing the son of Mint Sauce win the Jubilee Cup 
at Ascot, and the Jubilee Handicap at Kempton Park, the latter under lost, 
after having had a swelled hock a week before. After retiring to a little farm 



BRITISH STABLES AND FOREIGN METHODS. 



575 



of his own at Exning, Matthew was called out again to train for Lord Rosebery, 
and helped to achieve that nobleman's ambition to win the Derby and be Prime 
Minister, not only with the handsome Ladas, but with Sir Visto as well. 

From the picture of St. Simon which I reproduce, it will be realised that as 
a colt he was not particularly attractive, being short-coupled and rather too straight 
in front. As a young one he was undoubtedly thought to be on the small side ; 
but William Day has put it on record that "you may get fifty good small horses 
for one good large one. ... A good big horse may beat a good little one over 
a short course, or even at a mile or so ; but I think at three or four miles a 
good little one would beat the best big one I ever saw." Neither Camarine 
nor Touchstone, the best 
long-distance thorough- 
breds of their day (and 
many other days), stood 
more than an inch over 
fifteen hands. Venison 
was less, and a better 
type of the old-fashioned 
hardy English racehorse 
it would be difficult to 
find. He cost only ^100 
at first. He must have 
walked over 1,300 miles 
from one place to another 
during his racing career 

before the days of railways. When old John Day was at Danebury, Venison was 
the trial horse for Elis, on whom Lord George Bentinck won so much for the 
Leger of 1836. Joe Miller was another good little one, and the only two big ones 
William Day thought worthy to compare with him over a distance were Rataplan 
and Fisherman. Lecturer is another instance at Danebury, later on, of the way 
a "pony" can win the Cesarewitch. Of his trial in 1866 with Rustic, Blue Riband. 
and The Duke, the great tale of the Touts' Luncheon at the Grosvenor Arms, 
Stockbridge, has often been told. They were all locked in over their banquet 
until the trial was over. When the weights for the Cesarewitch came out, Lecturer 
would have been scratched with the rest of Lord Hastings' horses had he not 




" Hippia " by " King Tom " (1864). 



5/6 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



been entered under the name of Mr. Peter Wilkinson. He was tried for the 
race with Ackworth (Cambridgeshire, 1864), who had just previously been used by 
Mr. Frederick Swindell to try his own favourite Proserpine, and Hibberd had not 
much difficulty in bringing off the race. 

But I have said enough to give examples of the general statements with which 
this chapter began ; and it is only necessary to add that any one who only studies 
Turf facts in his Library must try to remember that what held good a century 
is not likely to satisfy modern requirements, whether the race of horses as 

a whole has really improved or not. 
Many think and I am one of them 
that we have lost a lot in abolishing 
nearly all our real tests of endurance. 
The French, at any rate, have found 
it worth while to keep them, and the 
history of their gradual success at 
Ascot is instructive. There was un- 
doubted cruelty in the old system 
of running heats; but then in 1750 
only one horse in ten raced a second 
time. By the time of Fisherman we 
find that good horse running thirty- 
five times in one year, and winning 
twenty-one races, of which the Ascot 
Cup (2^ miles) and the Queen's Plate 
(3 miles) were run on the same 
day. Now, it is only the first-rate 

ones who are let off lightly. Orme won ,34,626 in eighteen races ; Ormonde 
(,28,265), Ayrshire (.35,915), and Velasqiiez (,26,385) all ran sixteen times; 
Diamond Jiibilee (.29,185) and Galtee More (,27,019) went to the post on thirteen 
occasions; St. Fnisquin (.32,960), Ladas (.18,515), and Flying Fox (,40,096) on 
eleven. To compile ,57,453 Isinglass was only asked to carry silk twelve times 
during his four years of training, and then retired to the comforts of a luxurious 
stud. Persimmon did least of all, for his ,34,706 was the result of only nine races. 
This may not be so great a contrast to the old times, as far as the actual number of 
starts is concerned. What differentiates modern methods from the eighteenth century 




Richard Tattersall (d. 1859). 



BRITISH STABLES AND FOREIGN METH'ODS. 



577 










is the hard work put upon our moderate thoroughbreds, the way they are constantly 
worried with railway travelling, and perpetually being pulled out to earn their 
corn bill all over the country, until they are worn out and useless for anything 
but a four-wheeler. This means a restriction in sires, and the narrowing of stud 
possibilities to a few lines starting from such famous winners as those mentioned 
above. One result is that out of the enormous number of English thoroughbreds 
foaled every year only seven are good enough to go to the post to oppose a 
Frenchman in the Derby, as in 1903. This is not because our Turf prizes are 
not valuable enough. There were no "Ten Thousand Pounders" in BlacklocKs 
day. Nor is it because 
we do not have rac- 
ing enough. In 1902 
W. Waugh, the private 
trainer of Sir J. Blundell 
Maple at Falmouth 
House, scored 67 vic- 
tories with 30 winners 
out of the 47 with which 
he started in training, 
and got fifth in the list 
of winning trainers with 
.17,912, though only 
two of his races were 
worth more than i ,000. 

It will be interesting to compare with this the records given (on p. 461) for Lord 
George Bentinck's season in 1845, or 1844. 

I have spoken of the value of our Turf prizes nowadays. It is worth noting 
that in Cotherstones year (1843) the total value of the stakes came to ,38,000 for 
the season. It is now about half a million of money, and Ascot alone can furnish 
more than the whole calendar of sixty years ago. The number of two-year-olds 
running in 1843 was 213, and there were 1300 brood mares. We have now 6000 
of the latter, and seven times as many two-year-olds as there were in 1843. The 
fees for our best sires have increased in a similar proportion. When we breed 
a winner in direct line from Eclipse, we sell him to the French, for the descent 
of M. Blanc's famous stallion is as follows, direct from sire to son: Eclipse (1764). 

VOL. III. (.) 



" Kingcraft" by "King Tom " (1867). 



57 8 A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 

Pottos (1773), Waxy (1790), Whalebone (1807), Sir Hercules (1826), Birdcatcher 
(1833), The Baron (1842), Stock-well (1849), Doncaster (1870), Bend Or (1877), 
Ormonde (1883), Orme (1889), Flying Fox (1896). We have started several prizes 
for ,10,000, but we have left the Derby at the same it was in Lord Lyons day, 
thirty-seven years ago. Taking other figures again, in 1813 we find there were 
barely 800 horses running on the flat in the 103 race-meetings held in Great Britain. 
Out of these 103, only Ascot remains of the four Berkshire meetings ; Chester of 
the four in Cheshire ; none at all in Cornwall, Dorset, Hertford, Hereford, or 
Oxfordshire; many others have vanished altogether. Yet in 1900, 3955 horses ran, 
on the same basis of calculation ; more than 4000 in 1901. We have six or eight 
races in a day's card now, compared to the three or four, sometimes the single 
match, which our forefathers were content to see. But this would not alone give 
employment to the vast total of thoroughbreds in training. Racing has become 
far more frequent than was ever the case before. It is true that when a license 
was requested in the autumn of 1902 for a new course at Rotherham, it was refused 
by a Jockey Club which had added an eighth meeting to Newmarket. But our 
Turf legislators are evidently only slowly realising that meetings have grown too 
fast of late. There are four at Alexandra Park ; nine (including steeplechases) at 
Birmingham; and four at Derby and Doncaster; while Hurst Park, Lingfield, 
Kempton, Nottingham, Windsor, Sandown Park, and the rest, keep us going hard 
right through the season. The tendency towards centralisation has been inevitable. 
The most indefatigable Londoner could hardly do his round if meetings were 
scattered all over the country as they used to be. The success of Bendigos Eclipse 
Stakes at Sandown confirmed the feeling that enclosed meetings near London 
would prove popular. But it may be doubted if every one realised what the 
result would be in later years. How the trainers stand it is a question they alone 
can answer ; and I do not believe they would, as a body, oppose the elimination 
of Saturday and Monday from the Racing Calendar, if only to give a little more 
time to themselves and their charges to recover from their constant journeys. We 
get a " real smasher " now and then among the thousands of our young stock ; but 
so they did when the sires and dams were far fewer in number. What we have 
increased enormously is the moderate animal who is good enough to make an 
occasional win, and give his backers a chance of keeping up their stable. The need 
of a good one is sufficiently emphasised by the huge prices paid for a fashionable 
yearling, which may after all turn out as worthless as the worst bred of them all. 



; 










BRITISH STABLES AND FOREIGN METHODS. 



579 



This can hardly be considered a satisfactory state of things by any except the 
jockeys whose opportunities of making money are vastly increased, without, as 
far as can be seen, any proportionate production of such good riders as we used 
to have. Some ,7000 a year in two hands for three years to a lad of twenty 
who has power to add to this by riding others when his special stable does not 
want him, is quite enough to turn a wiser and an older head. Pampering him as 
we do is worse than bullying him as was once the custom. But the system is 
only what might be expected of the days of preposterous fees for sires, ridiculous 




I 



" Formosa " by " Buccaneer" (1865). 

sums for yearlings, and inflated prices all round. This is not what used to be 
thought good sport ; it looks more like hysterical money-juggling, without the small 
excuse that can be made for the extravagant betting it has replaced. As usual, the 
faddist has gone for the wrong end of the stick. He cries aloud about a gambling 
which has very sensibly diminished ; and says nothing about far more serious evils 
which have notoriously increased. 

We hear a good deal about the fortunes made by trainers nowadays, and we 
certainly see something of the luxury in which some of them think it necessary 



580 A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 

to live. Their work, and their anxieties, must often be hard enough to justify 
their "relaxations," whatever form they choose. But let them remember the reward 
that came to one member of their profession for sticking soberly to his business. 
There was once a little jockey named Ward, who was born at Howden, in Yorkshire. 
Being trustworthy as well as capable, he was sent over with some thoroughbreds to 
Vienna. There Prince Lichtenstein' kept him in his service, and his name gradually 
became transmogrified into Signer Tommasso, while his intelligence increased and 
ripened under the influence of the constant study he managed to combine with 
his training duties. By degrees his master asked his advice about other matters 
besides horses. The trainer blossomed into a diplomat, and by one inspired stroke 
restored the fortunes of the Duchy of Lucca and placed Charles III. upon the 
throne of Parma, rising, himself, from the post of Minister of Finance to that of 
Prime Minister. This is a romance of the Turf, indeed ; but there are many 
of " Signor Tommasso's " old companions who would have deliberately preferred 
training a Derby winner to being the Prime Minister of any other country in 
the world. I have often wondered how many foreign diplomats would be willing 
to reverse that process ; and I fancy Lord Rosebery would be the most likely 
man to know. 



CHAPTER XX. 

STEEPLECHASING. 

" Then crash'd a low binder, and then close behind her 

The sward to the strokes of the favourite shook ; 
His rush roused her mettle, yet ever so little 

She shortened her stride as she raced at the brook. ' 

I "HE date at which men first began to jump fences on horseback cannot even be 
surmised. I find in no book or record whatever any expression of surprise 
that any horseman of old time had jumped a hedge, a brook, a stile, or anything 
else. Jumping, like other things, must have been a matter of gradual advance. 
The earliest war-horses may have been called upon to "negotiate" some ditch or 
gully ; they may have cleared the body of some fallen steed or a portion of 
a broken chariot ; and this may have been the first step towards high and broad 
leaping. 

Prior to the accession of William III., however, the Charlton Hunt at Goodwood 
was a flourishing concern, and we hear of gates being jumped then. Erom time 
immemorial horses have been matched for speed on the flat, and it is only in the 
natural course of events that matches over obstacles should also take place, and 
no doubt a certain number were decided ; but the first we hear of was brought 
off, appropriately enough, in Ireland in 1/52. This was a match between Mr. 
O'Callaghan and Mr. Edward Blake. The distance was four miles from Buttivant 
Church to St. Leger Church ; and that is all we know about it, for the name of 
the winner is not on record. Readers of my first volume may remember that 
on pp. 38 and 48 it is recorded that in 1607 Lord Haddington went to Huntingdon 
"to a match of hunting that he hath there against my Lord of Sheffield's horse." 
In the same place I quoted Gervase Markham's sentence about the " infinite 
VOL. in. s 



582 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



labour and long endurance which is to be desired in our hunting matches." But 
it is still an open question whether the phrase can strictly be interpreted a.s 
meaning a steeplechase, so I prefer to leave the honours of origination with the 
Emerald Isle. 

It is needless to give even a curtailed list of the many little matches like that 
of 1752 which undoubtedly took place at various times all over the country after 
that date ; but it may be noticed that all the early contests were for two horses 
only. That which took place in Leicestershire in 1792 was of a somewhat 
curious character. The stake was 1,000 guineas. One of the horses belonged to 
Mr. Loraine Hardy, the other was the property of the Hon. Mr. Willoughby, who 

was at the time hunt- 
ing Lord Middleton's 
country, and eventually 
succeeded to the title. 
Mr. Willoughby's whip- 
per-in rode for him, and 
the valet was on the 
back of Mr. Hardy's 
horse. It appears a 
curious selection on both 
sides, as Mr. Willoughby 
was himself no mean 
horseman, and some of 
his Yorkshire friends 
must have been able to 
ride. However, Mr. Hardy's horse won, owing, it was said, to the intimate local 
knowledge possessed by the valet. The start took place near Melton Mowbray ; 
the finish was at Great Dalby, about nine miles away. 

We do not find any steeplechase with more than two starters until the year 
1792. This, too, happened in Leicestershire, from Barkby Holt to the Coplow 
and back, eight miles altogether, and was over the same ground as that crossed 
by Mr. (afterwards Captain) Horatio Ross on Clinker, and Captain Douglas on 
Radical, in their historic match ; but they ran one way only, four miles. The 
competitors in the 1792 race were Mr. Charles Meynell (son of the famous Hugo 
Meynell ; eight years later he gave up the Ouorn Country), who won ; Lord 




Mr. CoitlthwaitJs Stables. 
An easy fence for a youngster. 



STEEPLECHASTNG. 583 

Forester (a forward rider of the day), who came in second ; and Sir Gilbert 
Heathcote, who was third. 

No chapter professing to give merely an outline history of steeplechasing would 
be complete without a passing mention of what has erroneously been called " The 
First Steeplechase on Record." This was supposed to have taken place just before 
Christmas, 1803, and to have been the outcome of a challenge given in the mess- 
room of the Ipswich barracks by a Lieutenant Hansum to ride one of his horses 
over a country against any horse in the regiment. The cartel was taken up, and 
as the moon was shining brightly it was suggested that the race should take place 
then and there, and the horses are supposed to have finished at Nacton. Every 
one must have seen Alken's picture of this race, the men with nightshirts over 
their regimentals and wearing nightcaps. Nothing whatever was said about the 
race at the time, but a detailed account was given many years later in the New 
Sporting Magazine. The truth probably is that the affair never took place at all. 

Annual steeplechase meetings began in the year 1831, when Thomas Coleman 
established the St. Albans gatherings, which were the forerunners of all other 
meetings. Coleman was originally in the racing stables of Wetheral, who trained 
a good many of the horses which used to compete at Ascot for the Plates, given 
by George III., for horses which had been hunted with his hounds. About 
the date of Waterloo Coleman set up for himself in Hertfordshire, trained for 
several owners, and took the Chequers Tavern at St. Albans, which he afterwards 
pulled down to make way for the Turf Hotel, which contained the then almost 
unheard-of luxury of several bath-rooms supplied with hot and cold water. 

The first steeplechase at St. Albans took place in 1830, and was suggested 
by some officers of the Household Cavalry who were dining at the Turf Hotel. 
They left the details to Coleman, who was a successful organiser, and the result 
was a steeplechase from Harlington Hill, where the church now stands, to the 
obelisk in West Park. The winner was a grey horse belonging to Lord Ranelagh, 
ridden by Captain MacDowall, the second being a little Irish horse called Nailer, 
belonging to and ridden by Lord Clanricarde, who was one of the first amateurs 
to be captivated by the "steeplechase craze," as it was termed. He succeeded 
his father as fourth earl in 1808, and was made a marquis in 1825. He was born 
in 1802, and twenty years later donned a silk jacket for the first time at the Curragh, 
winning the first Corinthian race ever run in Ireland on Penguin, by Waxy Pope, 
repeating his success in the next year on the same horse. He, however, cared 



584 A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 

nothing for flat racing ; but soon after leaving Oxford he had a mount on Haivk, 
by Scherdone, over the stiff Roxburgh course in County Galway, jumping one wall 
where it was five feet nine inches high. Lord Clanricarde also won a couple of 
steeplechases on Elmore's famous horse, Moonraker, a tremendous puller, but so 
big a jumper that he is said to have once cleared a lane and both hedges in the 
Metropolitan district under Lord Clanricarde. He won the National Hunt Steeple- 
chase in 1864 with Caustic, by St. Luke, a horse which only three weeks before 
was carrying his owner with the Ouorn Hounds from Melton Mowbray. He had 
but a fortnight's training at Howth Castle, yet, ridden by Mr. Long, he won by 
three lengths. 

The soldiers' race of 1830 having proved so great a success, Coleman set himself 
to work to found an annual meeting, the first of the regular series taking place on 
the ist of March, 1831, under the name of the Hertfordshire Steeplechase. The 
winner was Moonraker, then the property of Mr. Lee ; but he was ridden by- 
Mr. Parker, who wore the same crimson jacket in which Conolly had won the 
St. Leger on Mr. Beardsworth's Birmingham in 1830. The year 1839, when 
entries were meagre and the horses of poor quality, saw the last of the St. Albans 
Steeplechases ; but they had set an excellent example, and in a very few years 
after they were started, steeplechasing on Coleman's lines began to crop up 
everywhere. During the nine years over which St. Albans continued a good 
many notable men and horses appeared there. Among the former was Captain 
Becher, son of a Norfolk farmer and horsedealer, for whom the boy acted as 
rough-rider. When he joined the Yeomanry, the Duke of Buckingham conferred 
upon him the courtesy title of captain. Some one who had seen him ride was so 
taken with his horsemanship that he procured for him a berth in the department 
of the Store- keeper General, and for two or three years he was abroad with the 
army of occupation. Then he returned to England, rode his first race on Reuben 
Butler at Hounslow for Coleman, with whom he lived on and off for twenty years, 
became eminent as a steeplechase rider, gave his name to the brook at Aintree, 
retired from riding in 1838, was for a few months in the employment of the 
Great Northern Railway, and now lies buried in Willesden Cemetery. Captain 
Becher won the St. Albans Steeplechase on Grimaldi in 1836; but no sooner 
had he passed the post than the horse reared up, fought with his fore legs, and 
dropped stone dead, whereupon an objection was lodged against Elmore receiving 
the stakes, on the ground that he did not return to the weighing-room ; but it 



V. I 8 



I/'. 



585 




I? 



JJ 



Is 



I 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 

was, of course, overruled. Colonel Charretie was another of the old school of 
steeplechase patrons who appeared at St. Albans and elsewhere. An Irishman, he 
was born in 1794, and fought at Waterloo in the Life Guards. He took part 
in several duels, but was never hurt. He was an intimate friend of Colonel 
Berkeley, and was invariably at the Castle when the owner was keeping open 
house. Although his horse, Gorhambiiry, ran second to Cothcrstone for the Derby 
of 1843, he really cared more about match-making than for entering his horses 
in steeplechases. The Colonel died at his house in Bryanston Square on the 
1 2th of January, 1866, at the age of 84. 

Soon after the St. Albans Steeplechases had been organised, there arose, in 
1834, at Crockford's Club in St. James's Street, an argument about the difficulty 
of crossing Aylesbury Vale. Mr. Henry Peyton, son of the Sir Henry Peyton 
of the time (both father and son were famed as coachmen and riders to hounds), 
undertook to find a fair four-mile course over which he stated he had often ridden, 
and which was regularly faced by those who fairly rode to hounds in the Vale. 
The offer was accepted. Mr. Peyton consulted his friend Captain Lamb, who 
provided a 2O-guinea cup ; the entrance was 20 guineas, p.p., each horse carried 
i2st. ;lb. ; second saved stake. Twenty-one entries were received. The following 
particulars are partly extracted from "Echoes of Old Country Life," "Reminiscences 
of Old Country Life," and " Records of Old Times," by Mr. J. K. Fowler, who was 
for many years the tenant of the Prebendal Farm over which the steeplechases were 
held. The course was from Waddesdon Windmill, about four miles and a half from 
Aylesbury, to a field in front of the church. The fences were absolutely untrimmed. 
" The course was most severe, and comprised several doubles, tall bullfinches, 
ox-fences with posts and rails, big singles, one cross-road, one deeply rutted lane, one 
fair-sized brook, one thick spinney, and the river Thame, about twenty-eight feet 
wide ! " 

There were no flags, and until the morning of the race, the line was kept a 
profound secret. The Marquess of Waterford was one of the competitors on his 
cocktail Lancet, and with characteristic impulsiveness essayed to jump the river at 
a fly. The horse did get his fore feet on the further bank, but was so much injured 
that he died about a fortnight later. Twenty horses started, and after Mr. Allnutt 
(father to the late Lady Brassey, who retained the original purple-and-green jacket 
in which he rode) had led nearly all the way, Laurestina fell from exhaustion, 
when Captain Martin Becher on Vivian, slipping through, just won. Among the 



STEEPLECHASING. 587 

riders in this race were Jem Mason, who made his first appearance in public, and 
John Brown, of Tring, who is mentioned as one of the characters in the poem of 
" Lord Lonsdale's Harriers." This was but the prelude to many more steeple- 
chases at Aylesbury. In those days the Royal Buckhounds used to go there for 
a fortnight, and the steeplechases used to take place during that very merry time. 
Nearly all the horses which ran at St. Albans appeared at Aylesbury at one time 
or another, and a couple of rather celebrated matches took place there. The first 
was between The British Yeoman, ridden by Jem Mason, and Vain Hope, steered 
by William Archer, father of Fred and Charles Archer ; the other was between 
two horses the property of rival livery-stable proprietors at Oxford Mr. George 
Symonds's Janus, ridden by Fred Enoch, who afterwards became a trainer, and 
Mr. Perrin's Phoenix, ridden by Tom Price. The race resulted in a dead heat, and 
as the owners would not divide it was run off, when Janus won by a bare length. 
" The value of the stakes was only j" Mr. Fowler tells us. 

In the year 1859 Pratt's Club held a meeting at Aylesbury, when Lord Strathmore 
won a couple of races on Charm and The Tartar respectively. Messrs. Blundell 
and Dewar, who both figure in the pictures of the Oxford Drag, and who often 
performed over the Aylesbury course, were first and second for the steeplechase held 
in the Crimea, both riders distinguishing themselves in the course of the war. As 
already mentioned, Oxford undergraduates had for many years held a cross-country- 
meeting over Aylesbury Vale, first over the Broughton course, and later over the 
Prebendal Farm. The dons of Oxford never encouraged steeplechasing, of course, 
and at one period resolved to put it down altogether. The undergraduates, however, 
had one champion in Mr. Neate, a Fellow of Oriel, at one time Professor of Political 
Economy and M.P. for the city. He often hunted from Oxford, and on this 
particular occasion stood up for Oxford's younger sons, and, to lend them his support, 
entered for one of the races a horse which he called Vice-Chancellor. Every one was 
wondering who the jockey would be, but the question was soon set at rest by the 
Professor (he was no mean horseman) getting up ; he was in his shirt sleeves and 
wore a tall hat. The brook was a very formidable jump in that year, and it proved 
too much for Mr. Neate's horse, which fell in ; but the Professor consoled himself for 
the mishap by saying that he had made his protest and vindicated the rights of those 
in statu pnpillari to indulge in a manly sport. The year 1874 saw the Grand 
National Hunt Steeplechase run at Aylesbury, the winner being Mr. C. Vyner's 
Lucellum, Mr. A. Peel being second on Ballot Box. At that meeting there was 



588 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



a Master of Hounds Steeplechase, won by Mr. F. Bennett's Miss Hnngerford, the 
late Lord Willoughby de Broke running second with his mare Abbess. 

Nearly all steeplechase meetings have had their ups and downs ; but for some 
years two places may be said to have stood out rather prominently Cheltenham 
and Leamington. Both enjoyed influential patronage ; both were well attended 
while their grand carnivals were regarded as among the more important events 
of the season. The first of the Cheltenham series took place about 1833, but 
by 1835 the meeting was quite a going concern ; it took place on the ist of April. 
The chief event was the "Grand Steeplechase," as it was called on the card; 
and the course was certainly big enough. The first jump was a newly erected 

wall five feet high ; a 
couple of brooks came 
in the way, the last 
obstacle being another 
wall five feet four 
inches in height. There 
were eleven starters, 
and what betting there 
was favoured Fugle- 
man, ridden by Mr. 
Doyle, who had won 
in the previous year ; 
but the rider, mistaking 
the flags, went out of 
his course, so that Mr. 
Pitt's Bobadil, ridden by Mr. Patrick, beat Mr. Baring's Caliph, with Captain 
Becher in the saddle. Another well-known rider in the race was Dick Christian, 
who came in fourth on a horse called Shade. The last horse in had to pay the 
stake of the second horse, one of the not uncommon though queer conditions of 
those days. 

The Captain Becher above mentioned was perhaps as closely identified with 
Vivian as with any other horse he was in the habit of riding, and on him he won 
at Aylesbury, when Lord Waterford and Elmore regarded the race as a certainty 
for either Lancet or Grimaldi. In 1835 a print representing Captain Becher 
on Vivian was published, and met with a ready sale. Lancet's defeat in the 




In Sussex. 
Teaching a young one. 



STEEPLECHASING. 589 

above-mentioned race, it may be mentioned, was such a disappointment to him 
that Lord Waterford matched Cock Robin against Vivian for 1,000 guineas, but 
the latter won, owing, it was said, to a fine exhibition of horsemanship on the part 
of Captain Becher at a critical moment. Not a word was ever breathed against 
his integrity. He always rode to win, and it was perhaps on that account that 
when he gave up riding he was not in very affluent circumstances. Lord Segrave 
was a great friend to Cheltenham ; he subscribed liberally to its funds, gave some 
added money to the Grand Steeplechase, and acted as umpire. In 1839 the 
Grand Steeplechase was won by that fine combination, Jem Mason and Lottery. 
This famous horse was foaled in 1830, and was by Lottery Parthenia by Welbeck, 
her dam by Grog out of a mare by Staghunter ; so Lottery, though virtually as 
"thoroughbred as Eclipse" had "h.b." after his name. In the name of Chance, 
he ran in a couple of races on the flat at the Holderness Hunt Meeting of 1834, 
winning once ; and just afterwards Mr. Jackson, his breeder, who lived near Thirsk, 
took him to Horncastle Fair, where the only man to look twice at the narrow, 
mean-looking horse was Elmore the dealer, who lived near Harrow. He became 
his owner, put him to jumping, sold him, bought him back ; and discovering his 
good qualities, afterwards put him to steeplechasing, at which he made his mark, 
until at last he was so heavily penalised that it was useless to start him. 

It is in the year 1840 that we first find the name of William Holman (father of 
George Holman, who rode the club-footed horse The Doctor in the Grand National) 
among the riders at Cheltenham Steeplechases. In 1847, William Archer, who 
acquired some fame as a steeplechase rider, seems to have made his first appear- 
ance at Cheltenham, riding Mr. Evans's Daddy Longlegs, but he was beaten 
by Mr. Smith's well-known Stanmore, ridden by William Holman, who trained 
Freetrader and The Doctor, and died at Cheltenham, on Tuesday, the roth of 
January, 1888, in his 78th year. Born in Leicestershire, Holman began his career 
quite in the early days of steeplechasing. He saw Jem Hills, afterwards the 
famous huntsman of the Heythrop Hounds, win the first steeplechase ever run 
in Wiltshire ; he rode at St. Albans, and at Liverpool, though he was never 
fortunate enough to ride the winner of the Grand National. In 1845 he rode 
The Page in that race, but was unplaced; in 1852 he was third on Sir Peter 
Laurie, and fourth in the following year on the same horse, when Freetrader, 
trained by him, won, George Stevens being the jockey. Holman hoped to lead 
back another Grand National winner, and in 1870 he thought that he should 

VOL. III. T 



590 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 




do so, as he made sure of winning with The Doctor, ridden by his son George ; 
but, as most people know, he was just beaten by The Colonel, ridden by George 
Stevens. 

For a number of years, dating from the early thirties, the Leamington and 
Warwick Steeplechases enjoyed great repute, and in 1839 there were thirty-eight 
fences in the line, several of them being posts and rails, and two fair-sized 
brooks had to be crossed. The three placed horses Lord Macdonald's The Nun, 
Mr. Walker's Sportsman, and Mr. McDonough's Sir William were ridden by 
three famous riders: Jem Mason, Tom Olliver, and Mr. Alan McDonough, 
the owner of the third. Jem Mason, a consummate horseman, was born at 

Stilton, and was sent to 
Huntingdon Grammar 
School, where was Frank 
Butler, afterwards the 
famous flat-race jockey. 
Mason, sen., bred and 
dealt in hunters, and 
horsed a coach or two 

' : - ; over some of the middle 

ground, and here it was 
that Jem Mason first 
learned riding. Mr. 
Mason, sen., finding it 
necessary to leave Stil- 
ton, he went to live at 
Pinner, where young Mason was thrown among a number of steeplechasing men 
like Elmore and Anderson, and made his first appearance at St. Albans in 1834 
on The Poet, a horse which really belonged to Lord Frederick Beauclerc, though 
it ran in another name. For a number of years he was quite at the head of 
his calling, his services being in great request everywhere. His health gave way 
at last, and he had to give up riding. Jem Mason died in 1886 after an operation 
for tracheotomy. Tom Olliver, or Black Tom, as he was called, was a brilliant 
horseman, but an eccentric person, who had a marvellously varied career from 
a financial standpoint, what little success he had being due chiefly to Jem Mason, 
who, in one way and another, set him on his legs more than once. Olliver had 





A real stiff one. 
Mr. Coulthwaite's training-grounds at Hednesford. 



STEEPLECHASING. 591 

a very ready tongue, and was the reputed author of a number of quaint sayings. 
On one occasion he was confined in Oxford Gaol for debt, and, on a friend 
asking him if there was anything he would like, made answer, " Yes, send me 
a d d good wall-jumper." At another time, when some one was complaining 
of having ridden an unpleasant horse, Tom Olliver replied, " Ah ! you won't know 
what real misery on horseback is, till you ride a hard-bucking, ewe-necked horse, 
downhill, in a snaffle bridle, with a fly in your eye, and one foot out of the stirrup." 
The third of this trio of brilliant horsemen, Mr. Alan McDonough, was an 
Irishman, born in 1804, who died at his house in Dublin in 1888. He first 
became known as a cross-country rider in Ireland in 1830, where his fine horse- 
manship soon attracted attention. He won, among other races, the Ormond Hunt 
Cup four years in succession, and came over to England about 1835. When he 
first began to ride over here, neither Irish steeplechasers nor Irish riders were very 
common, so Alan McDonough 's successes gave rise to a great deal of jealousy, 
which led to unpleasant results sometimes. McDonough rode a great number 
of races on both sides of St. George's Channel, but he was most closely associated 
with Mr. Preston's wonderful mare Bmnette, mentioned later on in connection 
with Liverpool. 

The Leamington Steeplechase of 1838 was perhaps one of the earliest instances 
of a gate-money meeting, as from two to five shillings were charged for vehicles, 
and one shilling for horsemen. 

The Leamington Hunt Steeplechase of 1847 is noteworthy because it was the 
occasion of The Chandler making his historic jump at the brook. The short history 
of the leap is that, early in the race, The Chandler's chance was nearly extinguished, 
as Captain Broadley, who rode the horse, nearly fell off owing to one of his feet 
striking a strong binder as he was jumping a fence. At an artificial fence, Regalia, 
a very shifty mare, refused ; but jumped it at the second attempt, and then raced on 
in pursuit of King of the Valley, who was leading. The brook was the next fence ; 
and Captain Broadley, thinking that Regalia would get in the way of some one, did 
his best to pull The Chandler back. The leaders raced at the water and went in. 
Captain Broadley could then neither stop nor turn The Chandler, so he rode him 
as hard as he could, and the old horse, making a mighty effort, handsomely cleared 
the two men and horses in the water, landed far on the opposite side, and, as others 
tumbled down, won easily at his leisure. Captain Peel, William Archer, and 
several others were standing on the landing side ; and, noticing how The Chandler 



592 




STEEPLECHASING. 593 

sped through space, measured the distance, which Captain Peel declared to be 
thirty-seven feet. Archer made it thirty-five feet ; but from the best accounts it 
may be taken at thirty-seven, though some asserted that it was thirty-nine feet. 
The Chandler, by Dr. Faustus, was at this time eleven years old, having been 
foaled in 1836. He was bred by Sir Edward Scott, by whom he was sold to 
a Mr. Wilkinson, a chandler of Sutton Coldfield ; the horse's next owner was 
Mr. Garnett, who used The Chandler for harness work alone, and it was a pure 
accident that Captain Peel had a mount on the horse, liked him, and bought him. 
The Chandler continued to be Captain Peel's best hunter for three or four years, 
and it was not until he was ten years old that he ran his first steeplechase at 
Birmingham in 1846, for which he was second. His next race was that just 
described. In ordinary course Captain Peel would himself have ridden the horse, 
but as he had just lost a relative, Captain Broadley had the mount. Not long 
afterwards a half-share was sold to Captain Little, by whom the horse was almost 
invariably ridden afterwards, and this combination in the next year (1848) won 
the Grand National, though the victory was attended by great good luck. For a 
year or two Leamington fared better, but it lost its prestige. 

The fact that the Liverpool Grand National is in the programme of the Liver- 
pool Spring Meeting is an enormous help to the undertaking, as it is certainly the 
foremost steeplechase of the year. Its history is worth tracing. By the time the 
year 1836 dawned, the St. Albans meeting was six years old, and the example set 
by Coleman had been more or less followed by others. For some years before 
steeplechases had ever been dreamed of at Liverpool, flat races had taken place under 
the auspices of Mr. W. Lynn, proprietor of the Waterloo Hotel, and it is curious 
to note how close in early times had been the connection between the Turf and 
the licensed victualler. Mr. Lynn, feeling assured that he had hit the popular 
taste, so far as his arrangements for flat-racing were concerned, conceived the 
idea that steeplechasing would pay its way at Liverpool, as it appeared to be so 
popular everywhere else. Captain Becher and Mr. Powell were among Mr. Lynn's 
friends, with them he took counsel, and, after haggling with sundry landowners and 
occupiers, the three succeeded in laying out a course, partly over the old flat-race 
course and partly over some adjoining land. Having succeeded in finding a home 
for his undertaking, Mr. Lynn advertised his steeplechases to take place on the 2gth 
of February, 1836. There were two races, in which the well-known horses of the 
day took part ; and the first year's experience appears to have been sufficient to 



594 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



assure the success of Mr. Lynn's venture. The second year (1837) was somewhat 
memorable from the fact that the Irish horse, Dan O' Council, who had done well 
in Ireland, was among the competitors for the chief race, and at the start he was 
an odds-on favourite ; but he could barely complete the first round ; and The Dnke, 
a horse which at one time in his career had carried a whipper-in of one of the 
Midland packs, won for the second year in succession. The year 1838 saw Alan 
McDonough's Sir William, ridden by Mr. Pott, the winner of the chief Liverpool 
race. Sir William, a grand-looking chestnut, by Welcome, was brought over to 
England, from Ireland, by his owner in 1837, and when in the humour he would 
go kindly enough, but proved himself generally wayward. When McDonough 

rode him in a steeple- 
chase in Cheshire Sir 
William fell, and the 
rider was dragged for 
a long distance. When 
the horse was stopped 
by some bystanders, 
McDonough remounted 
and won, his victory 
being anything but ac- 
ceptable to the English 
division, who were ex- 
tremely jealous of the 
Irishman. Not long 
afterwards McDonough 

was deliberately upset at Dunchurch by a man named Ball, who, after a chase 
of about a mile, received a severe thrashing from the whip of Captain Lamb, 
the owner of the steeplechaser Vivian. Interfering with unwelcome competitors 
was by no means an unusual occurrence. 

Returning, however, to Sir William and Alan McDonough, the injuries 
sustained by the latter a broken collar-bone and three or four ribs were so 
severe as to keep him in bed for a considerable time. The accident led to the 
sale of Sir William for ^350, and Elmore resold him a few days later to Lord 
Cranstoun for ,1,000, who at once matched him against Lord Suffield's ferry 
for ,1,000 aside. The next thing was to find a jockey. Several Leicestershire 




Keinpton. Two beauties over the water. 



STEEPLECHAS1NG. 595 

horsemen the match took place in the Quorn Country essayed to ride him, but 
were powerless to induce him to jump. McDonough had in the mean time left 
for Ireland, and in sheer despair Lord Howth sent a messeng-er from Melton 
Mowbray to Wellmont, begging the famous Irish rider to come over and steer 
his old horse. There were no railroads in those days ; but McDonough arrived 
at Melton on the Sunday before the match took place, and found that Jem Mason 
was to ride Jerry. After making the running, to McDonough's delight, Jerry 
refused ; Sir William, however, went on, and, jumping kindly enough, won very 
easily. In 1840 Mr. Villebois nominated Jerry for what we may term the Grand 
National, though the race had not then received the name, and, in the hands of 
Bretherton, he won. 

The year 1839 is memorable in the history of the Aintree Course, because 
it then passed out of the private ownership or lesseeship of Mr. Lynn, owing 
to his bad health, to a kind of syndicate. The Trustees for the Thousand 
Proprietors with a ^25 share, were Lord Stanley, Sir Thomas Massey Stanley 
(at one time racing confederate with Sir Joseph Hawley), Messrs. W. Blundell, 
James Aspinall, and William Earle. The Racing Committee were the Earls 
of Derby, Sefton, Eglinton, and Wilton ; Lords George Bentinck, Stanley, and 
Robert Grosvenor ; Sirs John Gerard, T. Massey Stanley, and R. W. Bulkeley ; 
the Hon. E. M. Lloyd Mostyn, and Mr. E. G. Hornby. These gentlemen 
had the fixing of all races ; while a third body, called " Directors," who 
managed the racecourse and its finances, were elected from the general number 
of the subscribers. Mr. Lynn was a tolerably large shareholder, and continued to 
assist the company with advice and suggestions. So far as can be ascertained, 
Aintree was the first proprietary racecourse ever organised. That it was a 
gate-money meeting may be inferred from the fact that the payment of ^10 
out of the 25 entitled the subscriber to a silver ticket, admitting him free 
to course and stand. The first "Great" Steeplechase under the new regime took 
place on the 24th of February, 1839, when an enormous crowd came together; 
but though the race was set for one o'clock, it was nearly three o'clock before 
the seventeen competitors paraded in front of the grand stand, and it was not 
until that moment that the public knew how many of the fifty-three entries 
were going to start. Lord Macdonald's The Nun and Elmore's Lottery were 
the two favourites, and the latter, ridden by Jem Mason, won with great ease. 
It was in this race that one of the fences became known as Becher's Brook. 



596 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



4LM 

i sjmtr~**k 

WC 



It appears to have been the eighth obstacle, and was a post and rail in 
front of a hedge with six or seven feet of water on the far side. Conrad, 
ridden by Captain Becher, who seems to have made the running from the 
start, never rose at the rails, which he broke through and tumbled into 
the water, Lottery and two or three others jumping over the pair, and just 
missing them. Jerry was the winner in 1840, in which year Lord Sefton 
was begged to make a stone wall one of the obstacles in the course, to 
encourage the Irish owners to send their horses over. Lord Sefton agreed, 
but intimated that, to give the Leicestershire horses a chance, he would also 
have an ox-fence set up, and a very tolerable imitation of the genuine article 

it was. Jerry, like 
Lottery, a Lincoln- 
shire-bred horse, was 

!0N^Mnm^^ : ' : ^ ^^ by Catterick out of 

y> / ^k^^^tf^fe^v a sister to Jenny, by 

Belltrophon. Jerry 
ran in the Liverpool 
race as Mr. Ville- 
bois's nomination. 
Lottery, meantime, 
ran for four or five 
times after he won, 
but met with no 
further success. 

The word " National " occurs for the first time in connection with the race in 
1843, when it was called "The Liverpool and National Steeplechase," and became 
a handicap. In the previous year (1842) the winner was Mr. D'Arcy's Gay Lad, 
ridden by Tom Olliver, who won again on Lord Chesterfield's Vanguard, and for 
the third time on Captain Little's Peter Simple in 1853, after a lapse of ten years. 
There are one or two circumstances which call for notice in connection with this 
" Liverpool and National " Steeplechase. In the first place, not one of the nineteen 
competitors fell ; secondly, the race was considered a certainty for Tom Tug by 
those connected with him ; but the horse, being an inveterate puller, overpowered 
his rider, Rackley, who was told to wait, and ran himself to a standstill, so that he 
could only get third to Mr. Quartermaine's Discount and Mr. Stirling Crawfurd's 




Wild Man from Borneo" 



STEEPLECHASING. 597 

The Returned. Thirdly, the winner Discount had up to the time of his winning 
been a complete failure at everything. In 1845 Mr. Loft's Cure- All, who ran as 
the nomination of Mr. W. S. Crawfurd, and was ridden by her owner, was bought 
a few months previously for ^50, and was described as "a short-legged, compact, 
strong, and rather coarse-looking animal." A strong field of twenty-nine started in 
1847, when Mat hew, the favourite, won, he being the first Irish horse to carry off the 
Liverpool race. The Irish brigade mustered rather strongly, as Mat hew, Saucepan, 
Miss Tindall, St. Leger, and Brunette were all claimed as being Irish. Mathew, a 
blood bay, standing about 15 hands 3 inches, by Vestris, was bred by Mr. John 
Westrop, of Coolreagh, near Scarriff, in 1838. He won several races in Ireland, 
before coming to England, and often ran against Brunette. The latter was a very 
famous mare. She was a black, or very dark brown, foaled in 1834, and bred by 
Mr. Walker in Co. Meath. She was by Herciiles, dam by Yeomanry, grand-dam 
by Welcome.- She did not run till she was seven years old, when she won the 
Meath Gold Cup at Trim in a canter, ridden by a young farmer named Murray. 
Mr. Knaresborough (very likely the owner of Dan ffConnell, who started at 
Liverpool in 1837) then bought her, and in his colours Brunette won the Kilrane 
Cup twice in i8'42, the year in which the race was instituted, and again in 1843, 
the year in which Alan McDonough at the last moment entered Peter Simple, 
just then at : his best. He was, however, third only, Brunette winning easily, 
though ten lengths behind at the last fence. The mare won a number of other 
races all over Ireland ; but, like so many good performers, she never had a foal 
that could have won a saddle at a country meeting. Brunette was subsequently 
sold to the Hon. W. Hely Hutchinson, of Palmerstown, and died in 1855, in 
the twenty-second year of her age in foaling to Portrait. 

Matkciu tried to win again in 1848, but was cannoned against and knocked 
clown, so his chance was extinguished ; some other much-fancied horses fell, so 
The Chandler, ridden by his owner, Captain Little, achieved what was generally 
thought to be a lucky victory, especially as at that time " The Little Captain," as 
he was often called, had not had very much practice in steeplechase riding, and 
had to fight out the finish with his old tutor, Olliver, on The Curate. Captain 

o 

Joseph Lockhart Little, the "Josey" Little of many friends, was born in 1821 at 
Chipstead, Surrey, joining the King's Dragoon Guards, in which regiment he 
remained until 1848, when he exchanged into the Sist Foot, in consequence of 
having lost his money by the failure of a bank. When he first received the news, 
VOL. in. u 



598 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



he was leaving the paddock at Worcester, mounted on The Chandler. Davies, a 
bookmaker, laid him .500 to 20 against The Chandler, and as he won the 
race, as well as the Worcester Grand Annual, he felt himself on his legs again. 
Being a lightweight he occasionally rode and won on the flat; while a goodly 
number of cross-country races stood to his credit. About the year 1851 or 1852 
Captain Little's name dropped out of the list of gentleman riders, and on the 
1 7th of February, 1877, he died at the Hotel Clarendon, Paris, from a cold which 
brought on sundry complications. Running as the nomination of Mr. Mason, junior, 
the famous grey, Peter Simple, won in 1849, again in 1853, when he belonged 
to Captain Little and was ridden by Tom Olliver, while he ran in the race 

up to 1855. In the 
first-mentioned year 
Peter Simple started 
at 20 to i, as his 
chance of success 
was thought hopeless. 
Captain D'Arcy rode 
his own horse, The 
Knight of Gwynne, 
which he had backed 
heavily, and when, 
on coming into the 
straight, the Captain 
found that he could 
not beat the grey, 

Cunningham declared that he was offered ,1,000, and subsequently ,4,000, to stop 
his horse. The hero of 1850 and 1851 was the late Mr. Joseph Osborne's little 
horse (he stood just under 15 '2) Abd-el-Kader, ridden on the former occasion by 
Green, and on the second by T. Abbott. Abd-el-Kader s dam worked as near-side 
leader in one of the Shrewsbury coaches, and Mr. Osborne, taking a fancy to 
her, became her owner, it is said at the price of 50 guineas, a large sum then for 
a "middle ground" horse; but Mr. Osborne always averred that her price was 
no more than 25 guineas. She was discovered to be by Hit or Miss out of a 
half-bred mare, and under the name of English Lass won some steeplechases for 
Mr. Osborne, who then bred from her, and in 1842 she was put to Ishmael, a sire 




Sandoivn past and present. From left to right. 
" Rathcannon " (Mr. Rashbottom), " Band of 
Hope " (Captain Hon. R. Ward), " Carnroe " 
(Captain R. H. Collis). 



STEEPLEC 'EASING. 599 

of some repute in Ireland, and bred Abd-el-Kader, who turned out such a Tartar 
that he was unsexed, and it was two years after the operation before he was able 
to be made any use of; and then, just as he was put to work, he sustained another 
accident which nearly put a stop to any more jumping. Like Mr. Preston's 
Brunette, Abd-el-Kader made his first appearance on an English course at 
Worcester and won a number of races. 

As was the case with a number of other winners of the Grand National and 
other steeplechases, the merits of Miss Mowbray, the winner in 1852, were 
discovered merely by accident. She was bred in Bedfordshire, and was by 
-Lancastrian out of Norma, the dam belonging to Mr. Magniac, at that time the 
master of the Oakley Hounds. She proved too slow for racing, but for five years 
carried her owner very well in the hunting-field. Then she was sold to a Manchester 
man, who at once returned her as being unsound, and a year younger than repre- 
sented. Neither Messrs. Bevill nor Goodman would look at her a second time, 
and then Mr. J. F. Mason, after riding her one day with the Oakley Hounds, 
became her purchaser, after she was sent from Manchester. The sequel showed 
that Mr. Mason's judgment was superior to that of those who passed her by, as 
she won the Warwickshire Hunt Cup, the Welter Stakes, the Open Steeplechase 
at Leamington, and then the Liverpool Grand National. By a curious coincidence 
she was ridden at Liverpool by the still living Mr. Alec Goodman, one of the 
very few steeplechase riders in regular practice who wore a beard, and who 
(as mentioned) would at first see no connection between Miss Movubray and 
steeplechasing. 

The Liverpool of 1856 saw George Stevens win for the first time on 
Mr. Barnet's Freetrader, while for the first time since its institution the meeting 
extended to two days. There were a good many casualties in the race, but 
Stevens avoided riderless horses and all other dangers ; and so pleased was 
Mr. Barnet with his jockey's horsemanship that he is said to have given him 
^500 ; while a few days later some backers who profited by Freetrader 's success 
presented the rider with a "capital hunter of the value of ^80." George Stevens 
occupied a somewhat curious place in the ranks of steeplechase jockeys. Although 
he was in racing stables as a lad, and began to ride over a country for Mr. Vevers 
in Herefordshire when about sixteen years old, he was never one of those steeple- 
chase riders who were seen in the saddle all over the country. His first important 
win was on ffardwuke in the Grand Annual at Wolverhampton in 1851, running 



6oo 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



second in the same year for the Leamington Grand Annual on Bourton, the winner, 
three years later, of the Grand National. About 1852 Mr. Vevers (who, in 1846, 
when sixty-four years old, rode his own horse Little Tommy in the Paris steeple- 
chase) retired from the sport which he had taken up with all the ardour of the 
younger school. Then it was that George Stevens returned to Cheltenham, his 
native place. In the course of his career he achieved the unequalled distinction 
of winning the Grand National five times, and on two occasions equalled Tom 
Olliver's feat of carrying off the great race two years in succession. His first 
victory, as mentioned above, was on Freetrader in 1856. In 1863 and 1864 
he won on Lord Coventry's Emblem and Emblematic respectively, and in 1869 

and 1870 he steered 
The Colonel to victory, 
having in course of a 
twenty-two years' ex- 
perience of steeplechas- 
ing won seventy-six 
races in all, or on an 




average 
than 



rather 
three a 



more 



year. 



Mr. E. Wood and " Droeheda? 



Although Stevens had 
ridden over all kinds of 
courses without coming 
to serious injury he 
always made a practice 
of lying well away from 

the other competitors he met his death on June 8, 1871, while riding quietly 
home from Cheltenham to Emblem Cottage on Cleeve Hill. 

The National of 1856 need only be referred to shortly for the purpose of 
mentioning that Mr. Capel's Little Charlie, the winner, was ridden by William 
Archer, father of Charles and Fred Archer. He was born at Cheltenham on the 
ist of January, 1826, where his father kept livery stables, and it is said that he rode 
a pony in a hurdle-race near Cheltenham when he was no more than nine years 
old. Running away from home, Archer first picked up a precarious living by- 
riding on the flat in the Midlands. His next move was to George Taylor, the late 
Alec Taylor's father, under whom he made a great advance. Thence he migrated 



STEEPLECHASING. 601 

to Hednesford with fair success, and then to Russia for a couple of years to ride 
for the Czar; but returning in 1844 he took to hurdle-racing and steeplechasing, 
doing so well in that line of business that he settled down at Cheltenham. In 
1848 Archer won the principal race on Tkurgarton, beating Tom Olliver, riding 
his own horse, Vanguard. In 1862 he gave up riding over a country; his 
eldest son, William, was killed at Cheltenham steeplechases in 1878, and in 
December, 1889, Archer himself passed away at the age of sixty-three. 

In the sixties and seventies there was no more popular or able gentleman rider 
than Mr. T. Pickernell, who rode under the name of Mr. "Thomas," and won 
his first Grand National in 1860 on Mr. Capel's Anatis. This was quite an 
amateurs' year, as they rode the first, second, and fourth horses. Mr. Thomas 
rode in the Grand National no less than seventeen times, winning thrice in 
1860, on Anatis; in 1871, on Lord Paulet's The Lamb; and finally in 1875, on 
Mr. W. Bird's Pathfinder, when, though the competitors were regarded as of 
moderate quality, there was a most exciting finish between the above-named and 
Mr. S. Davis's Dainty, ridden by Mr. Hathaway, Pathfinder winning all out by half 
a length. The National of 1862, won by Viscount de Namur's Huntsman, ridden 
by Lamplugh, proved fatal to James Wynne, son of "Denny" Wynne, who won 
on Mat hew in 1847. He was on Lord de Freyne's O'Connell, and was neither 
very strong in the saddle, nor very robust. On the morning of the race he heard 
of the death of his sister, whereupon Lord de Freyne advised him to stand down. 
As he had travelled so far to ride he begged to have the mount, so the owner 
gave way. Willoughby and O'Connell cannoned at a flight of hurdles, their riders 
trying to avoid a prostrate horse and rider ; both fell ; O'Connell rolled over 
Wynne, inflicting fatal injuries. 

Next came Lord Coventry's two years of success. Emblem (1863) was a 
thoroughbred mare by Teddington Miss Batty, and for some time she was useless 
over a country. When a three-year-old, in 1859, she won a race on the flat (at 
Cardiff), out of thirteen starts. Lord Coventry bought her not a great while after- 
wards, and sent her to be trained by Golby, at Northleach, at that time a well-known 
teacher of jumpers, and afterwards to Weever, of Bourton. A few falls made her 
positively dread the sight of a fence. One day Weever rather lost his temper with 
her, and in the heat of the moment picked up a stick which he let the mare feel ; but 
this, though not quite an orthodox manner of schooling, was the first step towards 
success ; for, after doing rather better in subsequent trials, Emblem was taken out 



6O2 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



" I/ V 



with the hounds, and on being given a lead over some gorsed hurdles, jumped them 
very well. The leap appeared to infuse new courage into the mare for she refused 
nothing all day ; proved to be a tremendous jumper, and won the Grand National. 
Like Emblem, her sister Emblematic, winner in 1864, was a very weedy-looking 
mare, yet they carried lost. iolb. and lost. 6lb., respectively, to victory at Liverpool ; 
just at the time, curiously enough, when an agitation was on foot for the weights 
to be raised in order to attract a better class of horse ; yet these two " weeds " 
carried quite respectable imposts to the front. There was a tremendous race in 
1865, when Mr. B. J. Angell's Alcibiade, ridden by Mr. Coventry, beat Captain 
Browne's Hall Court (a bond fide hunter), ridden by Captain Tempest, by a head. 

Mr. Angell, known as 
"Cherry" Angell, from 
his colours, kept a 
good many horses and 
was connected with the 
fortunes of the Brighton 
Coach in the early days 
of the revival. Captain 
(now Major) Tempest 
used also to ride in 
a good many steeple- 
chases, and was master 
of the Blankney Hounds 
for some seasons before 
Mr. N. C. Cockburn, 
the now retiring joint master, took the country. The winner on this occasion, 
Alcibiade (by Cossack Aunt Phyllis], made his first public appearance over a 
country, though he had been well tried at Lakenham, where he was schooled. 
He cost Mr. Angell 400 guineas, after winning the Brighton Club Stakes, and 
in 1863, when three years old, was claimed out of a Selling Race at Epsom. The 
National went to a rank outsider in 1866, Mr. Studd's Salamander, who it was 
understood could have been bought on quite reasonable terms a year or two before. 
Cortolvin, who ran second to Salamander in 1 866, when he was owned by the late 
Lord Poulett, could never win a race for his old master ; but no sooner had the Duke 
of Hamilton bought him than he won the National in 1867, the Duke netting it is 




Kemflton Park. "King David" ahead, " Ambush //." 
on the right, " Drogheda " on the left. 



STEEPLECHASING. 603 

said, about ,11,100 over the race. If, however, Lord Poulett was unfortunate with 
Cortolvin in 1866, he achieved success in 1868 with The Lamb, an Irish horse he 
leased for his racing career. On this occasion (he won again in 1871) he was ridden 
by Mr. George Ede, whose nom de course was Mr. " Edwards," a most elegant 
horseman, and a most successful amateur rider. Mr. George Ede and his twin 
brother, Mr. Edward Ede, were the sons of Mr. Edward Ede, of Clayfield Lodge, 
near Southampton. They were born in 1834, were sent to Eton, which they left in 
1850, and soon afterwards Mr. "Edwards," who had taken kindly to horses, put 
himself under the tuition of Ben Land, then at the height of his fame as a steeple- 
chase rider, and soon became so accomplished a horseman that his first mounts were 
on Ben Land's horses. He had his first chance in 1856, and in the next year won 
the Birmingham Grand Annual Steeplechase (then an important race) on Land's 
Weathercock.- Twenty wins was Mr. Edwards's score for the year 1858, two years 
only after he started riding in public. Between 1856 and 1870. a period of fourteen 
years, Mr. Edwards won 306 races ; whereas George Stevens, a professional, as 
mentioned above, won no more than 76 in twenty- two years. Mr. Edwards had 
always been fond of cricket; in 1862 he took to it seriously, and, in conjunction 
with his twin brother Edward, was mainly instrumental in founding the Hampshire 
County Club. As cricket in the summer called Mr. Edwards a good deal away from 
the flat-race course, his mounts were fewer; but in the year 1862 he beat Fordham 
by a head at Hampton, and on the following day made 122 runs at Southampton in 
a match between East and West Hants ; while in 1863 he scored 1,200 runs. In the 
prime of life, Mr. Edwards met his death at Liverpool, when riding Mr. Stortford's 
Chippenham in the Sefton Steeplechase of 1870. The horse struck into a flight of 
hurdles, fell, and rolled over his rider, but, recovering his feet, dragged Mr. Edwards 
for some distance. This was on a Thursday ; Mr. Edwards never regained 
consciousness, and died on the following Sunday, sincerely regretted by every 
one who had come in contact with him. 

The years 1869 and 1870 are wrapped up with the history of George Stevens 
and The Colonel. The horse, bred by Mr. John Weyman, was by Knight of Kars 
Boadicea, and, though having a fine forehand, did not strike the spectator as being 
an exceptionally powerful horse behind. He ran in 1869 in Mr. Weyman's name, 
and in 1870 in that of Mr. Evans, whose niece, Miss Powys, had previously become 
the wife of George Stevens. In the first year, the finish was confined to The Colonel 
and Hall Court (second in 1865 to Alcibiade); once more ridden by Captain 



604 A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 

Tempest ; while in 1870 came the memorable finish between The Colonel and the 
club-footed horse The Doctor, ridden by the late George Holman. George Stevens, 
as was his wont, lay behind until the second time round, when, after the brook had 
been jumped, he brought up The Colonel, who took a leading position, the race 
being then confined to The Colonel, The Doctor, and Mr. R. W. Brockton's pulling 
mare, Primrose, who, but for her failing, would have won more races than she did. 
The Colonel eventually beat The Doctor by a neck, Primrose being a length behind 
the second. Subsequently George Holman was summoned by the R.S.P.C.A. for 
excessive whipping and spurring ; but the case was dismissed. 

In the hands of Mr. "Thomas," The Lamb won the National again in 1871. 
Whether Mr. "Edwards," who won on The Lamb in 1868, would, in ordinary 
course, have been in the saddle is not known. Mr. Thomas, however, was put up in 
consequence of Lord Poulett's dream, or rather two dreams. In the first The Lamb 
finished last ; in the second he won, ridden by Mr. Thomas. Thereupon Lord 
Poulett wrote off to "My dear Tommy," asking him to ride for him (Lord Poulett) 
at Liverpool. The dream came off, The Lamb winning by two lengths. The 
winner was almost carried to the weighing inclosure, and Mr. Thomas was well-nigh 
dragged from the saddle, so great was the enthusiasm of the moment. The Lamb, 
bred in Ireland in 1862, was by Zouave out of a mare by Arthur, the last-named 
a famous Irish sire. Zouave was bred and owned by Mr. Courtenay, who owned 
Mat hew, the first Irish horse to win the National. He had a varied career, for 
he was, at one time, not thought worth ^"25 as a boy's hunter. Mr. E. Studd, the 
owner of Salamander, once had the refusal of him ; but contemptuously declined the 
deal on the ground that the horse could not carry a pair of boots. Yet in this very 
race he beat Mr. Studd's Despatch, who ran second to him. It has often been said 
that The Lamb was a pony ; but, as a matter of fact, he stood a full 15.2, though as 
a four-year-old he was no more than 15 hands. It is a curious coincidence that all 
connected with The Lamb were unfortunate. After Lord Poulett's death, difficulties 
arose concerning his successor to the title ; Ben Land, the trainer, died by his own 
hand ; Mr. Edwards, who rode the horse when he won the first time, was killed at 
Liverpool, as already mentioned ; The Lamb himself broke his leg at Baden-Baden 
in 1872, and was killed, after his owner, Baron Oppenheim, had given 1,200 guineas 
for him. 

The winner in 1872 was Mr. Brayley's Casse Ttte, a light, washy chestnut, one 
of the worst, some people said, that ever won the National. Nevertheless, in the 







H 









STEEPLECHASING. 



605 



hands of John Page, whose father used to find the horses for the North Warwick- 
shire Hunt in the Birmingham district, she won easily enough, beating Scarrington 
by half a dozen lengths. Mr. Brockton's Primrose broke her back during the 
race, and had to be killed. There were some very good horses among the starters ; 
for instance, The Lamb, Scot Grey, Schiedam (who won the Grand National Hunt 
Steeplechase in 1870), Rhys-worth, and others. The two following years, 1873 
and 1874, are noteworthy for the successes of the late Captain Machell as owner 
and Mr. J. M. Richardson as jockey, with Disturbance and Reugny respectively. In 




His Majesty the King's " Ambush //." 

the former year the second horse was Mr. Chaplin's Rhysworth, ridden by Boxall, 
afterwards whipper-in and huntsman to the North Staffordshire Hounds. It was 
but a few years previously that the owners of the first and second horses were con- 
federates, but on this occasion they were opposed to each other. Mr. J. Maunsell 
Richardson, who is married to Victoria, Countess of Yarborough, very frequently 
officiates as judge at important horse shows ; but some forty years ago, as a Harrow 
boy, he played against Eton at Lords in 1864 and 1865. At Cambridge he soon 
found a place in the Eleven, and it was while at the University that he was first 
vol.. in. x 




6o6 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



seen between the flags. This was at Huntingdon, about 1865, when he won easily, 
in spite of a broken stirrup-leather. In the course of his career he won the two 
Grand Nationals above mentioned ; the Croydon United Kingdom Steeplechase 
(twice) on Disturbance and Fur ley ; two Leamington Grand Annual Steeplechases 
on Furley and Schiedam, and many other races. Mr. Richardson gave up riding 
in 1874, so when Captain Machell won the National in 1876 with Regal, Joseph 
Cannon was in the saddle. 

The race of 1877 was something of a surprise. At minor and provincial 
steeplechases there was no better-known rider than Mr. F. G. Hobson, who 
was quite good on the flat, but had the curious habit of catching hold of the 

back of his saddle with 
his right hand at every 
fence he jumped ; and 
his quickness in taking 
hold and letting go was 
quite remarkable. In 
the National, however 
(1877), he elected to ride 
his own horse, Ansterlitz, 
and won by four lengths. 
There is nothing par- 
ticularly historical about 
Shifnafs year (1878); 
but in 1879 Mr. Moore's 
old Irish horse, 1 he 
Liberator, unplaced in 1876 and third in the following year, was successful in the 
hands of his son, Mr. Garry Moore. The Liberator was a wonderfully consistent 
performer, and was, therefore, always a favourite with race-goers. He was bred 
in Ireland, by Mr. Stokes of Mount Hawk in 1869, so that he was ten years 
old when he won at Liverpool. He is not supposed to have run until he was 
five years old, and that was at Cork Park. In less than a year afterwards 
he changed hands at 600 guineas ; made his first appearance in the National in 
1876, when he fell ; and at Sewell's Repository, Dublin, he failed to bring a bid for 
his reserve price -a thousand guineas. Thereupon, Mr. Garrett Moore bought a 
half share in him for 500 guineas. He did not run in 1878, but won in 1879, was 




Sando-wn. The Grand Military Cold Cup. " Marpcssa" 
and Major Onslow on the right, " Ambush II." and 
Captain the Hon. R. Ward on the left. 



STEEPLECHASING. 607 

second in the following year, and unplaced in 1881 and 1882. In 1881 (IVoodbrooK s 
year), Fred Webb, the flat-race jockey, rode Captain Machell's The Scot, which 
ran in the name of Mr. J. B. Leigh. The Scot, it may be remembered, afterwards 
passed into the hands of the King, when Prince of Wales, whose colours he 
carried in the Liverpool of 1884, John Jones being his jockey. The main 
incident in connection with 1882 was the victory of Lord Manners on his own 
horse, Seaman. Lord Manners was well known in the hunting field, and hunted 
the Quorn Country for a season, but had little, if any, experience of steeplechase- 
riding. He went through a careful course of practice and training ; but yet it 
was a bold undertaking for a novice to pit himself against the most experienced 
cross-country riders of England and Ireland. However, Seaman started fourth 
in demand, his price being 10 to i, and, challenging Cyrus in the last hundred 
yards, won a magnificent race by a head. In this year (1882) the race was 
announced as being worth 1,000 guineas, with 100 to the second, and 25 to the 
third. Zoedone, third to Seaman and Cyrus in the above race, had passed into 
the hands of the late Count Charles Kinsky, who won on her in a canter by ten 
lengths in 1883 ; and the following year will be remembered from the fact that 
while the King's (then Prince of Wales's) Tlie Scot was competing, the telegram 
announcing the sudden death of the Duke of Albany arrived. The winner was 
Mr. Boyd's Vohtptuary, a cast-off from the stud of Lord Rosebery ; and what 
made his success all the more meritorious, was that the horse had never before 
jumped a country in public. This is the horse ridden by Mr. Leonard Boyne in 
the drama of "The Prodigal Daughter" at Drury Lane. The year 1885 may 
be passed over with the remark that Roquefort, a difficult horse to ride, won 
comfortably in the hands of that fine horseman, Mr. E. P. Wilson ; nor is there 
much to note of the few following years. Old Liberator made his last appearance 
at Aintree in 1886, when he fell in consequence of being cannoned against. What 
would have been the result if Baron Schroder's Savoyard had not fallen at the 
last hurdles, it is difficult to say ; both he and Old Joe were a good deal distressed, 
but the downfall of the former left Old Joe with the lead, and he won by six 
lengths. A short time after the race all sorts of stories were in circulation concern- 
ing the antecedents of Old Joe. He was said to have been leather flapping; 
jumped for small prizes at little shows ; been driven in a tradesman's cart ; had 
followed hounds, and played many other parts. The fact remains, however, that 
Old Joe is enrolled among the winners of the Grand National. 



6o8 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



The year 1887 saw Savoyard beaten by Mr. Jay's Gamecock, who won after 
having been twice placed second. Both horses, together with Old Joe, tried again 
in 1888, but the winner proved to be Mr. E. Baird's Playfair. Magic carried 
the Royal Colours, and it is a curious coincidence that the horse stumbled and fell 
at the same place which had proved fatal to The Scot. A fair number of previous 
starters were comprised in the twenty making up the field in 1889. Frigate, who 
had run second behind Playfair, won, beating Why Not, who gained the victory in 
1894. Voluptuary, Roquefort, and Gamecock, all three Grand National winners, 
started in 1890, and Frigate would have made the fourth, but as the partnership 
had not been registered, she was a non-starter. The race was carried off by 

Mr. Masterman's Ilex, a six- 
year-old, the first non-aged 
horse to win since 1885. In 
1893 Mr. Duffs Clo ister won 
in the record time of 9 mins. 
42! sees, for the four miles 
and eight hundred yards, 
under I2st. 7lb., a weight 

* o 

only carried by Manifesto 
besides of all the other 
winners. The year 1900 is 
memorable in the history of 
the Grand National, as the 
winner in that year was the 
King's Ambush //., which 

won amid every token of enthusiasm, and never before had Aintree witnessed a more 
brilliant scene. It was the first time the then Prince of Wales had witnessed the 
Grand National since the unhappy day mentioned above, when the telegram arrived 
announcing the death of the Duke of Albany. Ambush II., by that good stout 
horse, Ben Battle, ran in the previous year (1899), and was in a prominent position 
when the final struggle began ; but Manifesto won with so much in hand that 
nothing else had the semblance of a chance. Grudon, Shannon Lass, and Drumcree 
complete the list of winners to 1903. Up to and including 1903, thirteen horses 
have won the Grand National at the first time of asking, viz. Jerry (1840), Gay lad, 
Discount, Wanderer, Halfcaste, Salamander, Austerlitz, Empress, Seaman, Playfair, 




" Grudon" (Grand National, 1901). 



STEEPLECHASING. 609 

Come Away, Drogheda, and Shannon Lass (1902). Of the four riders who can alone 
claim the same honour, Captain H. Coventry (1865), Mr. F. G. Hobson (1877), and 
Lord Manners (1882) were amateurs. P. Woodland (1903) is at present the only 
professional. 

T. Olliver made no less than nineteen appearances, out of which he won three 
times, was as often second, and got third once. Two amateurs run him hard : 
" Mr. Thomas " with three wins out of seventeen attempts, including two thirds and 
a fourth, and Mr. E. P. Wilson with two firsts and a second in his sixteen races. 
But G. Stevens more than redresses the balance on the professional side, for in his 
fifteen starts he won the record number of five victories and was once placed third. 
The only other riders who can claim three wins are A. Nightingall, who tried 
fourteen times, and Mr. T. Beasley, who had a dozen efforts. Naturally the horses 
do not make such frequent appearances ; but, among winners, seven starts stand 
to the credit of Frigate, Why Not, Liberator, Gamecock, and Manifesto, who only 
twice failed to get into the first three during his career, and if the entry he has 
made for 1904 be followed by a race, this double winner will hold the record number 
of eight starts at the advanced age of sixteen. Peter Simple, another who won 
twice, started six times and was unplaced in four races, as was Regal, who won in 
1876. Of the seven who can count five starts, only Abd-el-Kader won twice. 

Passing for the moment from professional to what may with truth be called 
amateur steeplechasing, it is fair to add here that it is just possible we might have 
had no National Hunt Committee or any National Hunt Steeplechase had it not 
been for the exertions of Mr. Fothergill Rowlands. That gentleman for a few years 
followed his profession of medicine ; but he was away hunting as often as possible, 
and, being a fine horseman, took to riding steeplechases. More than that, he 
exerted himself to the utmost in trying to revive that form of racing which some 
people then, as now, averred had enormously declined. In the late fifties it occurred 
to " Fog " Rowlands, as he was called, that farmers might be induced to breed 
high-class horses if a steeplechase were established confined to bond-fide hunters, 
and it was hoped that farmers and hunting men would ride as they did in the 
twenties and thirties. The plan gradually matured, and in 1859 Mr. Rowlands and 
his friends were enabled to bring off an experimental race at Market Harborough. 
The projectors sought the assistance of the different hunts, but two only responded 
the Vale of White Horse and Old Berkeley, then known as Lord Dacre's. The 
added money, ,250, was guaranteed by Mr. Rowlands and his supporters, all of 



6io 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



them having to pay something towards the deficit. In 1860, however, things looked 
better ; about a dozen hunts made offerings, and with a jump the added money 
went up to ,500, the race being won by Mr. B. J. Angell's Bridegroom. In 1863 
a new departure was made, by the founding of the Grand National Hunt Committee, 
under whose auspices the race of that year was held, and though it was to be 
a peripatetic affair, Market Harborough was fixed upon for the fourth time, partly 
by way of making a start, and especially as over the old course arrangements 
would be all cut and dried ; but five horses only went to the post. A considerable 
time before the date came round for the race of 1864 to be run, a circular was 
issued by the Grand National Hunt Committee which had by this time quite 

settled to harness, and 

' ftLJEW- 1 (AflT /<QnHHHBiHi the race of 1864 is 

memorable from the 
fact of its being the first 
to be run under the 
sole care of the Com- 
mittee. There were 
twenty-eight starters, 
the winner being Mr. 
T. Behrens's Game 
Chicken, and it was 
hoped that this would 
be the first of a series of 
brilliant successes. It 
was not to be, however; 

and it must be sorrowfully confessed that the Grand National Hunt Steeplechase 
has by no means come up to expectation. The race is remarkable from the fact that 
one of the competitors, Lord George, in the same stable as Cooksboro\ was ridden 
by Mr. Conney, a good horseman, though deaf and dumb, who was killed in May, 
1866, while riding Mr. Stoddart's Whipper-in in the Foxhunter's Plate at Scarriff. 
Up to 1875 the Grand National Hunt Steeplechase had been run over a natural 
course, unless Bristol is to be excepted, but in the above year it took place at 
Sandown Park, as it did in 1888, 1893, and 1895. For the first time in its history 
the race went to Scotland in 1876, at the Bogside (Irvine) Meeting; and in 1895 
it joined hands with the Eglinton Hunt Meeting. Liverpool saw the Grand 




Kempton. Making the pace in a maiden hurdle rac 



STEEPLECHASING. 



611 



National Hunt Steeplechase as a kind of appendix to the National ; but the 
former was a miserable affair, three runners only ; Derby welcomed the Committee 
in 1879 (the second race on an inclosed course), in 1882, 1887, and 1892. Hurst 
Park was selected in 1891, 1896, and 1899; Gatwick, for the first, and, up to the 
present, the only time in 1898; while Melton was visited in 1864, 1883, and 1901. 
The other inclosed grounds over which the National Hunt Steeplechase has been 
run are Four Oaks Park, near Birmingham, in 1881, and Leicester in 1884. 
Newmarket was perhaps the earliest steeplechase ground in England in the days 




" Shannon Lass" (Grand National, 1902). 

of King Charles II.'s wild-goose chase; and the late Colonel H. McCalmont 
inaugurated a meeting on the Links, and to Newmarket went the National Hunt 
Steeplechase in 1897. It is likely that more steeplechasing will be seen there in 
future than has ever been the case before; but the meeting of 1897 was noteworthy 
from the fact that for the first time in the history of the race it was won by a 
foreign owner, with a foreign-bred horse, ridden by a foreign rider. The winner 
was Vicomte cle Buisseret's Nord Quest, a stallion by Gamin, out of La I'a^nc, 
bred in France, and ridden to victory by Mons. Morand. The Vicomte was a 



612 A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 

well-known Continental sportsman, who had often won races on the flat and over 
a country in France and Belgium. 

The rules under which steeplechases are run have undergone a great process 
of expansion. The original code, known as the " Melton Rules," were few in 
number and of great simplicity. They were added to when the Grand National 
Hunt Committee was established, and they have been amplified at intervals ever 
since, two revisions having taken place in 1877 and 1889. From time immemorial 
steeplechasing had been associated with hunters, and for a long time the attempt 
was made to give hunters a chance, so that in due course we found that "popular 
mystery," the racecourse hunter, galloping about. At last the farce was played out, 
and after other definitions, the racecourse hunter was finally abolished altogether 
in 1890. 

When the Grand National Hunt Committee took in hand the rules of steeple- 
chasing, there was nothing said about fences, partly because most of the races 
had been run over a more or less natural country, and many men who were in 
1903 no more than middle aged can remember the time when there were as 
many ditches (unguarded) on the taking-off side of a fence as there were on the 
landing side. But at places like Kingsbury, Woodside, Enfield, Streatham, and 
Ealing, it became of supreme importance that horses should be, as far as possible, 
insured against falling. To this end fences were cut clown till they became a 
farce ; while a ditch on the taking-off side was never seen. Steeplechasing fell 
upon evil days until, at last, in 1882 Lord Marcus Beresford, who had ridden a 
good deal between the flags, at a meeting of the Grand National Hunt Committee, 
moved that a Committee be appointed to examine into and report upon the best 
means of restoring steeplechasing. This was done, and the result was seen in the 
regulation fences obtaining in 1903. 

As will have been gathered from the fact that the original steeplechases were 
of the point-to-point order, a real attempt was made in them to give the hunter 
a chance ; and this kind of race was revived in the late seventies. For some 
time, however, the Grand National Hunt Committee took no cognizance of these 
races ; but at last they were forced to do so ; and in the steeplechasing volume 
of the Racing Calendar for 1886 horses running in point-to-point races were 
excepted from the penalties attaching to those taking part in contests not under 
rules, provided that certain conditions were observed. The need that arose for 
further legislation is succinctly recorded in the Code in force in 1903. 



STEEPLECHA SING. 



613 



The last few pages on Steeplechasing, for most of which I am deeply indebted 
to my friend Mr. W. C. A. Blew, had scarcely been penned when news reached us 
of the death of Mr. John Purdon, of Cloneymore in County Meath, the owner of 
Ascetic, the most successful modern sire of steeplechasers, whose stock were still 
counting the Grand National among their victories some six years after the good 
horse's death. He was by Hermit out of Lady Alicia, and therefore traced back 
through Newminster to Touchstone, and through Testy to Venison. Between 1 896 
and 1903 (to April 24) his get won 169 races, worth close on ,25,000; and 




" Drumcree " (Grand National, 1903). 

Drumcrees victory in the Grand National repeats what Cloister did ten years ago. 
Four of the Ascetics ran in the last great race at Aintree besides the winner, who 
was foaled and reared in Ireland, his breeder being Mr. C. Hope, of Westmeath ; 
and his dam, U'itc/iiug Hour, was full of Stockivcl/ and Touchstone blood, as she 
showed in her jumping and lasting powers across country. Owing to the presence 
of her daughter, Pride of Mabestoiun, with Drnincree in 1903, we saw the first 
instance of a full brother and sister racing for the same Grand National. Hackler, 
son of Petrarch, gets many good winners on the flat as well as across country, and 
VOL. in. v 



614 



A H1STORV OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



Royal Meath is the best son of Ascetic now at the Irish stud. Two more good 
Irish sires are Atheling (sent to the United States a short time ago) and his near 
relation Enthusiast. 

Irish horses have left an indelible mark on English steeplechasing records, 
and of the five horses who have won it twice (Peter Simple, Abd-el-Kader, 
The Lamb, The Colonel, and Manifesto] they can actually claim the first three. 
They began early with four entries for the Grand National of 1847, including 
Mat hew, the winner, and Brunette, that famous mare who went all over Ireland 
in a van. Mathew was by a son of Whalebone, who proved to be a cornerstone 
of merit. Emblem and Emblematic traced to the Whalebone source through 

Teddington, Orlando, 

Touchstone, and Camel. 
\ 

In 1849 Ireland was 

first and second with 
Peter Simple (the first 
dual winner) and The 
Knight of Gwynne ; and 
next year they actually 
secured " one, two, 
three," with the same 
horse second, Abd-el- 
Kader first, as he was 
next year, and Lord 
Waterford's Sir John 
third. After The Lamb 

in 1868, and the repeated victory of 1871, there was no winner from the Emerald 
Isle till Martha was third to The Liberator in 1879,- Empress, in 1880, had two 
compatriots behind her; and the Irish mare Frigate was second in 1884, 1885, and 
1888, and winner in 1889. Cloister was bred by Lord Fingall early in 1884. and 
developed into a very powerful animal, with a splendid back and limbs, bay with 
black points. The blood of his sire Ascetic was returned through his dam Grace II., 
who was a granddaughter of Newminster and great-granddaughter of Venison. His 
first attempt at the Grand National, in 1891, led to defeat by Come Away, who 
gave him 5lb., and he failed next year to give the huge weight of 26lb. to Father 
UFlynn. In 1893 he cantered home in record time under the crusher of i2st. 7lb. 




Liverpool. Grand National of \ 903. " Mathew " and 
" Pawnbroker " leading over the water. 



STEEPLECHASING. 



615 



forty lengths ahead of sEsop, and his last win was the Great Sefton Steeplechase, 
under ijst. jib., from nine opponents. He retired after winning nineteen out of 
thirty-five races, and certainly stands at the top of the steeplechasing -class with 
Manifesto, Come Away, Congress, Seaman, The Colonel, Usna, and L'Africain. 
He passed his last days at Lower Forty Farm, Wembley, and, by the orders of 
his owner, Mr. Charles G. Duff, his body was preserved by Rowland Ward. Two 
horses entered in the Grand National of 1903 were almost as famous as Cloister. 
They were Mr. J. G. Bulteel's Manifesto and His Majesty the King's Ambush II. 
Manifesto, carrying 1 2st. 3lb. (or a stone more than the winner), was fifteen years 
old, and seemed to carry his years as easily as his weight. He had a grand 
race home for third 
place with Kirkland, 
beating him by a head. 
Ambush II. came down 
at the last fence, but 
his name will never 
be forgotten, for after 
Manifesto 's second vic- 
tory, he put a Grand 
National to the King's 
credit in the same year 
as the Royal colours 
were first past the 
post in the Derby. 
Ambush II. was foalecl in 1894, by Ben Battle, the grandsire of Manifesto, out of 
Miss Plant by Umpire. He did not take kindly to learning jumping, and was 
first owned in part by Mr. Lushington and in part by Mr. William Ashe, who 
bred him in Kildare. But he was bought by the King (then Prince erf Wales) 
for ^500, and was trained at Eyrefield Lodge, Major Eustace Loder's place on 
the edge of the Curragh, carrying silk for the first time in 1898 at the Meath 
Hunt Races. Anthony rode him well in nearly all his races. 

Ireland has certainly done her duty in horsebreeding, and the land which 
produced Sir Hercules, Birdcatcher, The Baron, Harkaiuay, and so many others 
of the right stamp, may well do even more in the future than she has done in 
the past ; for it Pretty Polly goes on as she gave promise when these lines were 




" Manifesto." 



616 A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 

written, her name will be added to a list of Irish classic winners which includes 
Galtee More, Ard Patrick, and Wildfoivler in half a dozen years. In the flat-racing 
season of 1903 Irish breeders scored ,16,470 with Ard Patrick, .13,502 with 
Pretty Polly, ,3,032 with Lady Drake, ,2,758 with Oricnta, ,2,048 with Cappa 
White, ,1,866 with General Cronje, .1,775 vi\\h.Hammerkop, .1.735 with Valenza, 
and many more. In the list of winning sires- for 1903, St. Frusquin (by St. Simon] 
was ahead by .48 only, so far as English racing was concerned ; but was ,925 
behind Gallinule when racing in Ireland was taken into consideration as well. But 
present gains are not the only thing to put to Ireland's credit. While they breed 
from the right blood, without regard to fashion, and without high fees, they will 
produce better stayers than we do, and they may very likely provide the safeguard 
of our worn-out stock in years to come, when we are still further off than we are 
now from the days, and the ideals, of such studs as that at Bishop Burton, where 
Altisidora, Barefoot, Memnon, and Rockingham, and the yet more famous Blacklock, 
were the favourites of the stable ; where Lottery, Tramp, and Dick Andreivs stood 
as sires. 



6l7 



CHAPTER XXI. 

FAMOUS RACING STUDS OF THE LAST THIRTY YEARS. 

" Between two horses, which doth bear him best, 
Between two girls, which hath the merriest eye, 
I have, perhaps, some shallow spirit of judgment." 

'""INHERE has been a considerable change in racing studs and training stables, 
as in most other things connected with the Turf, during the last thirty years. 
In tracing these developments, I have begun with one of the old-fashioned sort, not 
only for the sake of contrast, but to emphasise the value of the Musket blood, to 
which increased attention has been given of late. 

Several men are still living who have heard old Tom Parr's stories of how 
gentle old Fisherman, with George Hall up, would never begin to go until he 
had run two miles, and then would wear the heart out of anything on four legs ; 
how he could be trained on a turnpike road and raced every day, and never leave 
a grain in the manger, though he ate more solid corn than any other horse. 
Bred by Mr. Fowler in 1853, this stout son of Heron and Mainbrace carried as 
a two-year-old the puce and white jacket of Mr. Thomas Parr, who bought him 
from Mr. Halford. When three years old he started in 34 races and won 23 
of them, including the Queen's Vase at Ascot and the Cumberland Plate at 
Carlisle, against Warlock, the future St. Leger winner, whose chances were lost 
by George Fordham's thinking too soon that the race was over. In his fourth 
year he won 22 races out of 35, and in the next season out of 32 attempts he 
scored 21 times, including the Ascot Cup, which he won again when he was six 
against Saunterer and Defender, and actually won his last Queen's Plate (over 
three miles) on the same afternoon. He was bought privately in 1860 for Mr. 
H. Fisher, of Adelaide, after Stockwcll had been captured by Mr. Naylor for 
4,500 guineas, and with him went to Australia four of Lord Londesborough's 
brood mares : Gildcnnirc, Juliet, Marchioness, and Rose de Florence, one of whom 



6i8 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



proved the greatest matron of the famous Maribyrnong stud, which realised 
80,000 guineas when it was dispersed. Among winning descendants who claimed 
Fisherman's blood were Navigator, Martini Henry, and Sylvia, who won the 
Sydney Cup (2 miles) under gst. ;lb. in 3 mins. 28 sees. Her sire is the Musket 
horse Trenton, now in England, whose dam, Frailty, is of Fisherman blood. 
Mares by Trenton, Patron, Aurtim, and Abercorn have their good share of this, 
as have Brag mares. But The Victory, who won the Melbourne Cup of 1902, 
is a direct descendant in tail male, for he is by The Admiral out of The Charmer, 

and Fisherman was ancestor both of 
sire and dam. It is through him, 
therefore, that this die-hard strain 
should be brought back ; for of the 
other Herod lines we can only get 
The Flying Dutchman and Gladiator 
from France ; Glencoe through a son 
of Hanover ; and Buccaneer through 
the Hungarian Talpra Magyar, a son 
of Kincsem. 

I wish I had space to say more 
of Thomas Parr, whose name will 
always be connected with Fisherman, 
with Rataplan, with Saucebox, Mor- 
timer, Avalanche, and Weathergage, 
whom Admiral Rous sold after he 
had been beaten fourteen times. Mr. 
Parr's transactions were not always 
so lucky. Weathergage won the 

Goodwood Stakes and the Cesarewitch in the same year ; but Mr. Parr sold 
Fernhill and Isoline (ancestress of Isonomy], and with them lost his chance of the 
Northamptonshire Stakes, the Metropolitan, and the Goodwood Cup. It was 
perhaps lucky that Mr. Parr's horses were mostly hard-bitten stayers ; for he would 
run them every day in the week if he could at any distance, and the training arrange- 
ments at Letcombe Regis were not always all they might be, in spite of the fidelity 
of George Hall, whose " Noah's Ark jacket " was always sure to be cheered lustily 
as he led his quiet old friend back to the stable. It was a favourite expedition with 




rmission of 
" Country Life." 



Mr. Edmund Tattersall. 



FAMOUS RACING STUDS OF THE LAST THIRTY YEARS. 



619 



the young Oxford bloods of nearly fifty years ago to pay a visit to Letcombe Regis, 
but they rarely got a glimpse of the crack they came to see, and the traditions of 
" old Parr's " tea-dealing, training, and riding are not dead yet in the village which 
is scarcely two miles from my father's house in Wantage, beneath the windy pastures 
of the Vale of the White Horse. At Letcombe Regis are the stables of J. Hornsby, 
where Carabine was trained in 1902, when he won the Chester Cup, and found, next 
year, that the climate of India did not suit him so well as the Berkshire Downs. In 
July, 1903, Decave, too, showed that the Kendal blood in his dam had served him 
well. C. Morton trains also at Letcombe, and won ,13,305 in 1903 with twelve 
winners, of whom Our Lassie, Sundridge, His Lordship, Kilcheran, and Inishfree 




By permission of Mr. Calvert. 



The Cambridgeshire 0/1896. 
i. " Winkfield's Pride!" 2. " Yorker." 
3. " Laodamia." 4. " Chitchat.'" 



did best. He began the season of 1904 with twenty-seven two-year-olds in the 
stable. Then at Ilsley there are J. East, P. Lowe with Over Norton, and C. Peck 
with Week End, Sundorne, and Bate he lot's Button. At Lambourne is H. Bates, 
J. Sergeant with Flamenco, and J. Chandler with Lord Falmouth's Fiancee and 
Quintessence. A. Clement trains for an American owner in the same district. There 
are many more besides these on the Downs which have been consecrated to training 
by the White Horse carved upon their crest; and nearer Wantage, itself the birth- 
place of Alfred the Great, are the stables of E. Robson, from which came Hi^/icr 
Up, Medina, Miss Archer, and Winnipeg. From him R. S. Sievier bought Bobsie, 
who turned out afterwards to be a brilliant steeplechaser, and was entered for the 
Grand National of 1904. 

It was to Mr. Naylor that Tom Parr sold Isoline, and in his colours that she 



620 A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 

won the Goodwood Cup. The Grand Prix of that year was won by The Ranger, 
belonging to Mr. Savile, whose Ryshworth was second to Distiirbance in the Grand 
National of 1873, his best performance after having won seven of his fifteen races 
as a two-year-old. The "yellow, scarlet cap, gold tassel " was some time on the 
Turf before it was well known as a winner; but in 1869 Cremorne, Uhlan, and 
Lilian were all foaled at the Rufford Abbey Stud in the same season. Cremorne, 
who was by Parmesan out of Rigolboche, was a bad windsucker and difficult to train, 
but he was all right at Epsom, and won the Grand Prix by two lengths at Paris 
on the Sunday in Ascot week, while in the Two Thousand he was only beaten by 
a head. His trial as a four-year-old for Ascot is given by Mr. Sydenham Dixon 
as follows : 

The last two miles and a half of the Beacon Course. 
\ 

Cremorm, 4 yrs., gst. 4!!}. . ... ... i 

Kaiser, 3 yrs., yst. ulb. ... ... 2 

Uhlan, 4 yrs., 8st. ... ... ... ... ... 3 

Lilian, 4 yrs., yst. ylb. ... ... ... o 

Of these, Kaiser, who jumped in for the last mile and a quarter, had only been 
beaten a short head for the Two Thousand, ran a dead heat for second in the Derby, 
and subsequently landed the Prince of Wales's Stakes at Ascot. The first part 
of the gallop was led at a hot pace by an unnamed colt out of Harlequin s dam, 
and Uhlan made assurance doubly sure by winning the Ascot Stakes easily under 
7st. 1 2lb. Mr. Savile naturally took every bet he could get. Cremorne made hacks 
of Flageolet, Hannah, Corisande, and the rest ; and on the following day beat 
Vanderdecken for the Alexandra Plate, practically his last race, for he only cantered 
round the Goodwood Cup course to punish a bookmaker who "knew too much." 
His stud fee was a hundred guineas ; and perhaps his best colt was Cadogan, as 
Kermesse proved his best filly for Lord Rosebery. She won the Stanley Stakes 
from Isabel an hour after Iroquois Derby, beat Dutch Oven by half a length at 
even weights for the Champagne Stakes, and won .7,047 in her five victories 
out of six races as a two-year-old. Kaiser, it may be added, in spite of his 
persistent string-halt, won the Newmarket Derby by four lengths against Boiard 
and Doncaster. 

The vanquisher of Cremorne in the Two Thousand Guineas was Prince Charlie, 
who was almost as great a public favourite as Victor Wild, Bendigo, or Sceptre 
herself, and was certainly one of the fastest horses for a mile who ever raced. He 



FAMOUS RACING STUDS OF THE LAST THIRTY YEARS. 



621 



was bred and owned by Mr. Jones, of Littleport, by Blair Athol out of Eastern 
Princess, and had the action of a blood pony even when he had grown to his full 
height of seventeen hands. He was never tried till April, 1871, as a two-year-old, 
when his speed fairly amazed Joseph Dawson ; but could only be given a fortnight's 
work for the Middle Park Plate. The first signs of roaring were shown in the 
January of his three-year-old season, but he won his Two Thousand against 
Crcmorne, though not with the same ease as the Criterion. Epsom was about the 
worst course that could well be imagined for "the Prince of the T.Y.C.," and 
the only time he won a race of more 
than a mile in his whole career was 
in the Drawing Room Stakes at 
Goodwood, over the Craven Course 
of a mile and a quarter. His four- 
year-old season, in 1873, was an 
undefeated record of ten races. M. 
Lefevre constantly tackled him with 
Blenheim, when he was five, and 
beat him (though it is true there 
was 7lb. difference) in the Queen's 
Stand Plate at Ascot, the only defeat 
Prince Charlie ever sustained after 
his second in the St. Leger. He 
had a triumphant reception in the 
town after his last race on the Heath, 
his famous match with Peut-etre over 
the Rowley Mile. The best of his 
get are Salvator and Lochiel, now in 
America and Australia ; and it is perhaps just as well there is so little of his 
blood in England, for it is more likely to transmit his roaring than his speed. 
True it is that Ormonde was a pronounced roarer when he beat Minting and 
Bendigo for the Hardwicke Stakes ; true, too, that an Orme has bred a Flying 
Fox, clear-winded both of them. But these are the exceptions. The Duke of 
Westminster was right to sell his favourite. 

Ormonde s name takes me at once to Kingsclere and John Porter, who was first 
introduced to the mysteries of a training stable by Walters, the trainer of Alderman 

VOL. III. Z 




From a pencil drawing fry 
fane E. Cook. 



Henry distance. 



622 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



Copeland's horses; and who first saw, also at Hednesford, those famous jockeys 
Charles Marlow and George Whitehouse, the first and second for the Derby of 
1849 on The Flying Dutchman and Hotspur. Hednesford was not far from Rugeley, 
in Staffordshire, where John Porter was born in 1838. It was a far bigger racing 
centre in those days than it is now, for Mr. Mostyn sent Queen of Trumps there with 
John Blenkhorn, to be trained into a St. Leger winner that was to give his final 
quietus to Bob Ridsdale. It was in the stable where Palmer the poisoner kept his 
horses that young Porter got his first year's experience under Saunders, and left 

' there to go to "old John Day," who 

was then training for Mr. Padwick at 
Michel Grove, in Sussex, where he 
helped in many an important trial, as 
a lad of fifteen, with that wonderful 
mare Virago. Some question about 
St. Hubert and Oulston led to William 
Goater, Day's head lad, removing 
Mr. Padwick's horses to Findon, 
where young Porter was persuaded 
by the late Lord Westmoreland to 
stay until 1863. 

He could scarcely have made a 
better beginning. John Barham Day, 
born in 1794, died in 1860, and was 
father of John, born 1815 ; William, 
born 1822 ; and Alfred, born in 
Tom Cannon. 1830. In the saddle he had steered 
Crucifix, Chorister, Elis, Oxygen, 

Pussy, Ralph, and other winners ; and what he had done at Danebury, his son 
William did later on at Woodyates, which was rented from Lord Shaftesbury. 
The unpleasantness about Old England passed away by 1847, and William Day 
counted among his patrons Mr. James Merry, Lord Alington, Sir Frederick 
Johnstone, the Earl of Durham, Mr. Frederick Swindell, Earl Howe, Lord 
Ribblesdale, and Lord Rivers. His horses were very successful too, though he- 
always objected to high prices for yearlings, and in handicaps he scored three 
victories each in the Chester Cup, Cambridgeshire, Royal Hunt Cup, and 




From a pencil drawing by 
Jane E. Cook. 



FAMOUS RACING STUDS OF THE LAST THIRTY YEARS. 



62; 



Somersetshire Stakes ; two each in the Metropolitan, Stewards' Cup at Goodwood, 
Great Eastern Handicap, Cesarewitch, Goodwood Stakes, and Northamptonshire 
Stakes ; besides the Portland Plate, Chesterfield Cup, Stewards' Cup at Chester ; 
Doncaster and Lincoln Handicaps ; the Newmarket, Lincoln, Goodwood, Doncaster, 
and Stockbridge Nurseries. To this list must be added the New Stakes at Ascot, 
the Criterion at Newmarket, the Oaks, the Emperor's Vase at Ascot, the Goodwood 
Cup and Derby, the Two Thousand (twice), and the Queen's Vase at Ascot. He 
bought St. Giles for Lord Ribblesdale in a lot of five colts at 60 guineas each in 
a paddock at Sledmere. Promised 
Land was the best he ever owned ; 
and with Dulcibella and Weather- 
bound he won the Cesarewitch and 
Cambridgeshire in the same year for 
Mr. Swindell. Few trainers have 
been so successful as was John Day 
at Danebury in 1866 and 1867, and 
even Lord George Bentinck, as he 
stood on the slopes to watch Crucifix 
gallop, never saw such a team at the 
same time on those famous Downs 
as the horses which then carried the 
" blue and white hoops " of the Duke 
of Beaufort, and the "scarlet and 
white hoops " of the Marquis of 
Hastings. They were Athena, Black 
Prince, Ceylon, Challenge, Duke of 
Beaufort, Gomera, Herald, John 
Davis, Lady Hester, Lord Ronald, Lecturer, Lady Elizabeth, :-M'amcluke, Miss 
Havelock, Naivete 1 , Red Cap, Rustic, Sec Saiv, The Earl, Viridis, and Vauban ; 
and it must have nearly broken John Day's heart to have seen them all dispersed 
within a twelvemonth. In 1880 he trained Foxhall for Mr. James R. Keene, of 
New York, at a small private stable in Wiltshire, and again won the same two 
events, when Foxhall carried /st. 1 2lb. in the Cesarewitch and Qst. in the 
Cambridgeshire, and was steered by John Watts. 

It was by John Day at Danebury that Venison was trained for Lord George 




By permission of" Country Life." 



Lord Russell of 
Killo-wen. 



62 4 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



Bentinck as a two-year-old in 1835 ; but it was Mr. Kent, senior, who helped to 
van Elis from Goodwood to Doncaster for the St. Leger, at a cost that could not 
have been less than ^80, and may have been ,100. In the autumn of 1841, John 
Kent had charge at Goodwood of all Lord George's Danebury horses, and it is an 
interesting instance of the longevity of trainers that in January, 1904, John Kent was 
able to communicate to the newspapers the details of a conversation he had with 
Lord George Bentinck concerning a witness in the Running Rein case. The original 
John Kent seems to have been a builder at Wantage, always a racing town, in 
the middle of the eighteenth century, and moved to Newmarket, where he built 

the Rutland Arms Hotel and 
the Jockey Club Rooms. His 
grandson was certainly as hard 
worked as any trainer before 
or since in Lord George Ben- 
tinck's service, and in one year 
he actually started seventy-five 

v ,- Mil--. -''Swpf*. jP!NP3C;jl Corses in the four days of the 
' -' - - ' " "" -^^^^H^Bf Goodwood Meeting, and saddled 

every one with his own hands. 
After Lord George's death, 
Mr. Gratwicke's horses came 
to Kent's stables from Michel 
Grove, and among other sup- 
porters were the fifth Duke of 

H.R.H. Prince Christian of Schleswig Holstein. r>- u i iw .. T? c i i 

Richmond, and Viscount Lnfield, 

afterwards Lord Strafford. The death of the sixth Duke of Richmond during one of 
the most fatal years the English Turf has suffered for a long while, is a reminder of 
how much the Gordon- Lennox family have done for racing, not only by the influence 
of the Goodwood Meeting, but in many other ways. As Lord March, the late Duke 
himself took a more prominent part than is sometimes remembered in the racing, for 
the card at Goodwood, on the last day of 1839, shows the following result : 

The March Stakes of 10 sovs. : each h. ft. heats. Last three-quarters of a mile of Drawing Room Stakes 

Course (29 subscribers). Gentlemen riders. 

Lord March's b. f. Guava, 4 yrs., lost ilb. ... ... ... ... (Owner) 411 

Duke of Richmond's b. f. Reel, 3 yrs., gst. 81b. ... (Colonel Bouverie) 130 

Mr. Sidney Herbert's b. g. Arctic, 6 yrs., i2St. 81b. ... ... ... (Owner) 220 

Captain Gardner's b. c. Shuffler, 4 yrs., 951. 1 2lb. (Owner) 3 dr. 








i 



FAMOUS RACING STUDS OF THE LAST THIRTY YEARS. 



62 s 



In 1842 Lord March rode three winners in succession, being of the same age 
and the same weight as John Kent, who recalled these facts when his old master 
died. The Duke was at his death the senior member of the Jockey Club, a 
position in which he was succeeded by the late Lord Alington, and no better man 
of business ever presided over the deliberations which were sometimes held at 
his town house in Belgrave Square. A pillar of agriculture, a practical states- 
man, and as genial a sportsman as ever breathed, the Duke's death was felt as a 
loss wherever the honourable record of his public and private life was known 
and valued. 

Racing at Goodwood in its first anniversary of 1802 (the year of Lord George 
Bentinck's birth) came third on the annual programme, which was opened by the 




By permission of J\[i: Calvcrt. 



The Cesarcwitch of \ 896. 
i."St.Brh;' i. " Chitchat." 3. " Laodamia." 



Craven at Newmarket ; and the first event in its hundred years' record is the 
Hunters' Plate of ,50, for horses carrying i2st., ridden by gentlemen only, won 
by Mr. Newbery's brown gelding Pantagenel. Since 1804 there have always been 
more than one day in the meeting. The grand stand was opened in 1830, when 
the hero of Waterloo was entertained by his A.D.C., the fourth Duke of Richmond. 
Jealous for the reputation of Ascot, King George started a second meeting there, 
which did not succeed, though there seems no good reason why it should not do 
so if properly managed at the right time. But in spite of Sandown, Kempton, Hurst 
Park, Gatwick, Lingfiekl, and many other modern attractions, Goodwood has held 
its own, though the railway journey is long, and the course is a long drive uphill 
from the station ; for there is a characteristic charm about the beauty of the spot 



626 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



which is unsurpassed in the three kingdoms, and has appealed to the public as well 
as to owners with unfailing power. Prince Soltykoff, another of the losses of the 
disastrous year of 1903, was probably the last owner alive who had raced at 
Goodwood as long ago as 1871. Just ten years before that date, a field of forty-five 
horses started for Croagh Patricks Stewards' Cup, and the favourite won, which 
certainly goes far to show that, after Newmarket, Goodwood must be one of the 
best courses in the country, in spite of not having a straight mile. The Cup Course 
is a model of what such things should be, and the going is of the very best ; for 
on the excellent foundation laid sixty years ago by Lord George, a perfect system 
of top-dressing has produced grass that is closer and finer than is to be seen at 

Newmarket. Anything 
more glorious than the 
view it would be diffi- 
cult to imagine, for the 
course lies seven hun- 
dred feet above the sea, 
on a plateau about six 

miles north - west of 

Chichester, and miles 
of wooded uplands and 
swelling hills can be 
seen as far as the sight 
can travel. Ancient 
beech trees shadow half 
the lawn, and behind 

them is the famous " Birdless Grove." To the south the English Channel lies 
beyond a great expanse of open country, with the Isle of Wight in the blue distance. 
Though Goodwood, Brighton, and Lewes make up a pleasant fortnight, the man 
who races from London is apt to grumble at the difficulties of getting to and fro. 
But there are luckily still left enough supporters of the Turf who love the sport 
for its own sake, amid beautiful surroundings, and who are not entirely absorbed 
in making money over some one else's animals at a meeting near enough to enable 
them to be back for dinner in Pall Mall. In the modern roll of the Goodwood Cup 
winners occur such names as The Bard, St. Simon, Kincsem, Hampton, Doncastcr, 
Flageolet, Favonius, and Isonomy, who was one of the best horses John Porter ever 




Finish of the Derby for 1900. " Diamond Jubilee" wins. 




FAMOUS RACING STUDS OF THE LAST THIRTY YEARS. 



627 



had. In 1895 His Majesty scored with Florizel II. But the race is no longer 
what it was, though worth .2,000, and has now been won three times in succession 
by Mr. Arthur James, with Fortunatus, Perseus, and (in 1903) Rabelais. It is difficult 
to look back at the meetings for fifty years before Rabelais, and preserve a completely 
satisfied opinion as to the present state of breeding. 

John Porter, to whom I must now at once return, has had better seasons than 
that of 1903, which saw the formation of " Kingsclere Racing Stables (Limited), 
registered October i5th, with capital .30,012," and the Dukes of Portland and 
Westminster as chief supporters. In 
1863, just forty years before, George 
Manning, Sir Joseph Hawley's private 
trainer, died ; and at twenty-five years 
old John Porter succeeded him in 
command of the stables at Catsgore, 
near Cannon Heath, already made 
famous by FitzRoland, Beadsman, 
and Musjid. Sir Joseph's previous 
winners, Tcddington, Aphrodite, The 
Ban, Fernhill, and Vatican, were 
trained by Alec Taylor at Fyfield, 
near Marlborough, before the Manton 
Stables had been built. It was chiefly 
owing to Lord Westmoreland's warm 
recommendation that " the lucky 
baronet " choose a trainer so young 
looking as Porter, who showed his 
skill at once with Cohimba and 
Washington at Doncaster in 1863, and St. Alexis (731. 4lb.) in the Great Eastern 
Handicap at Newmarket. A friendship began which was consolidated by Sir 
Joseph's kindness when Porter was ill with typhoid fever at Doncaster, and which 
only ended when the cherry jacket was no longer carried by Templeman, Marson, 
Alfred Day, Wells, or Huxtable, the jockeys who chiefly rode for Sir Joseph. 
In 1858 his Beadsman beat Lord Derby's Toxophilite, and the Prime Minister's 
defeat was watched with so much interest that M. de Montalembert, then visiting 
the late Lord Dunraven, left a description of the scene which is as forceful as it 




From a pencil drawing bv 
Jane E. Cook. 



Mr. John Porter. 



628 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



is accurate. Beadsman sired Bhie Goivn, Rosicrncian, and Green Sleeves, and the 
winter of 1867-8 was one of the most anxious Porter had yet passed. The Derby 
that followed proved as memorable as any of the four Sir Joseph won, and the 
doubling of the population of the United Kingdom since that date has not sufficed 
to bring a bigger crowd than when Blue Gown won in 1868. 

Other owners began by this time to associate themselves with Porter's work. 
One of them was Sir Frederick Johnstone, who purchased Xi from old John Osborne 
conjointly with Sir Joseph Hawley. As a trustworthy trial horse this proved a 

difficult one to beat, and it was on Xi 
that Wells carried the colours for the 
first time after Blue Gown had been 
disqualified for the Champagne Stakes. 
About 1 869, too, the notorious Walter, 
from the Swan Inn, Kingsclere, was 
publishing his " Racing Circular," and 
starting his " Discretionary Invest- 
ment " bubble which was decisively 
pricked by Dr. Shorthouse in the 
same paper which published, entirely 
without its editor's sympathy or know- 
ledge, an article severely reflecting 
on Sir Joseph Hawley 's conduct and 
character. When the apology was 
read in Court, Mr. Straight began 
with the words " High Toryism, 
High Churchism, High Farming, and 
Old Port for Ever," which is still 
the motto of that excellent publication, "The Sporting Times;" and General Peel 
nearly fell off his chair with laughing. But the doctor was imprisoned in 
Holloway for an article which he never wrote, refusing to give up its author's name. 
All these matters drew a great deal of public attention of course to Kingsclere, 
where in 1876 Mr. F. Gretton had a yearling by Sterling out of Iso/a Bella 
by Stock-well, which Porter bought at the Yardley sale for 360 guineas. This 
turned out to be the great honomy, who transmitted his quality and stoutness to 
hinglass and Common. Any sort of ground seemed to suit him, and he was very 




l$v permission of" Country Life." 



John Corlett, Esq. 



FAMOUS RACING STUDS OF THE LAST THIRTY YEARS. 



629 



little raced as a two-year-old, according to the doctrines Porter has preached and 

practised nearly all his life. He won in bets and stakes upwards of i 10, ooo for 

his owner, including the Cambridgeshire (3 yrs., 731. lib.), the Gold Vase and the 

Gold Cup at Ascot, the Goodwood Cup, the Great Ebor Handicap, the Newmarket 

Derby, the Manchester Cup (giving The Abbot 42lb.), and another Gold Cup at 

Ascot to close his wonderful career. Mr. John Gretton and Lord Stamford then 

sent their horses to Kingsclere, and it should be noted that Lord Alington had 

sent Beaudesert (who had a bowed tendon) soon afterwards. Lord Stamford began 

well with Geheimniss, which he bought from Tom Cannon in 1881 for .2,000. 

She was one of the fastest fillies at six furlongs ever known, won the Oaks, 

and was second for the 

Leger. About this time 

the Kingsclere owners 

were Lord Alington, Sir 

Frederick Johnstone, the 

Uuke of Westminster, 

Lord Stamford, and 

Mr. John Gretton, and 

Porter's resources were 1 

taxed to the utmost. 

Luckily, besides 6V. 

Blaisc and Shotover, 

there was a trustworthy 

trial horse in Whipper-in, 

and Shotover s victories 

in the Two Thousand and Derby were the beginning of a splendid succession 

which Porter was able to achieve for the late Duke of Westminster. 

The Derby trial of St. Blaise was no doubt considered interesting enough for 
His Majesty, then Prince of Wales, to see on his first visit to Kingsclere, because on 
the 1 2th of April he had been tried over a mile with the following result, as given in 
John Porter's "Kingsclere," edited by Byron Webber: 




Newmarket. Craven Meeting, 1902. 



Whipper-in, 4 yrs., 751. i3lb. 
St. /aise, 3 yrs., 8st. I3lb. 
Incendiary, 6 yrs., 8st. I3lb. 



VOL. III. 



Won by a length and a half, six lengths between second and third. 

A A 



630 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



The Prince was quietly met with a fly from Porter's house at Overtoil Station, by 
the 9 a.m. train from Waterloo, and was received on the Downs by Lord Alington 
and Sir Frederick Johnstone. The trainer started the field of five, in which "all 
went in," irrespective of exclusive ownership, in order to ensure as thorough an 
investigation as possible. It resulted as follows, over a mile and a half: 



St. Blaise, 3 yrs., 8st. 61b. 
Incendiary, 6 yrs., 8st. 2lb. 
Shotover, 4 yrs., 8st. i2lb. 
Geheimniss, 4 yrs., gst. 5lb. 



i 
2 

3 
4 



Energy, 3 yrs., 8st. s\l) 5 

Won by two lengths, four lengths between second and third, a head between fourth and fifth. 

Lord Alington died in February, 1904. He was the Hon. Gerald Sturt until 
1876, and began racing as soon as he came of age twenty years before. Harry Hill, 

Lord George Bentinck's 
chief commissioner, said 
that Mr. Sturt, before he 
was twenty-five, could 
get more valuable turf 
news for nothing than 




Lord 



George 



Finish of the Derby for 1901. 



ever 

attained with all his 
reckless outlay. The 
best Lord Alington 
owned with Sir Frede- 
rick Johnstone were 
St. Blaise, Common, 
Throstle, and Matchbox, 
and his worst dis- 
appointment was no doubt when Allbrook was beaten by Fordham's splendid 
riding on Sabinus in the Cambridgeshire. At his death Lord Alington was Senior 
member of the Jockey Club, and one of the oldest supporters of the Turf then living 
who had won such victories ; and until very near the end he took the deepest 
interest in racing and in breeding. The break-up of "the old firm" was half- 
suspected when Sir Frederick Johnstone's horses were found to be entered in his 
own name for the great three-year-old races of 1905 ; but few realised that, when 
Lord Alington watched his Flor Fina run for the All-aged Stakes at Ascot, it would 



FAMOUS RACING STUDS OF THE LAST THIRTY YEARS. 



631 



be his last visit to a racecourse. His speech on breeding and high fees will never 

be forgotten in the House of Commons. "After you have paid these fees," he said, 

"the mare will come smilingly up to you the following year no more in foal than 

I am now," and he passed his hand over his long spare figure, to the great amusement 

of his hearers. He brought off his best betting coups with William Day, his classic 

races with John Porter; and perhaps the fastest animal "the old firm" ever owned 

was Friar 's Balsam, a smashing two-year-old son of Imperatrice, the pretty sister 

of Imperieuse. . St. Blaise may have largely owed his Derby to C. Wood's fine riding, 

but he was certainly not sold to Mr. 

A. Belmont, of New York, because he 

was "one of the worst that ever won;" 

and, as may be seen from the trial 

above recorded, he was a good bit in 

front of the winners of the previous 

Derby and Oaks, carrying less than 

weight for age, which certainly seems 

to indicate that he was good enough 

to be victorious himself in nine years 

out of ten. Not very long after this 

Mr. Brodrick Cloete joined the stable, 

and soon made his mark with Cherry, 

by Sterling out of Cherry Duchess, 

who won the Kempton Grand Prize, 

the Epsom Grand Prize, and walked 

over for the Knowsley Dinner Stakes 

at Epsom. Another of Mr. Cloete's 

was the famous colt by Sterling out of 

Casuistry, so happily named Paradox, who was bought for 450 guineas by Captain 

Bowling when he and Porter were attending the sale of Yardley yearlings in 1883. 

He was difficult to train ; but his first trial over six furlongs against the Rebecca 

colt, Whipper-in, Reprieve, and Siren, so impressed the Duke of Westminster 

that he became His Grace's property at 6,000 guineas. It was perhaps a sinister 

omen that he ran a dead heat for third in the Middle Park Plate, which Melton 

won, but he never made up the ground he lost at the start ; and his next race, the 

Dewhurst Plate, he won in a canter, and Mr. Cloete's confidence in buving him from 




From a drawing by 
Jane . Cook. 



Mr. Matthew Dawson. 



6 3 2 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



the Duke, who was dissatisfied with his purchase, seemed likely to be well rewarded, 
in spite of the difficulties in training him continuing. On April 30, 1885, he won 
a high, and what most judges considered a conclusive, trial, giving ailb. and a 
beating to Farewell, who subsequently conquered a big field for the One Thousand ; 
and it was therefore argued with some justice that when Paradox, on whom 3 to i 
was laid, was raced to a head by Craft on in the Two Thousand, it could not have 
been his true running ; and there is little doubt that the jockey was wrong to wait 
with him. Much the same thing, but with that little, all-important difference just 




From the painting bv Emil Adam. 
By permission of Hanfstaengl. 



" Minting:' 



the wrong way, happened in the Derby, which was really won by Archer's possessing 
the knowledge that Paradox had to be sent along from start to finish, and using it 
brilliantly. Webb, skilled artist as he was, thought that his colt, after beating Royal 
Hampton and Xaintrailles, was coming in alone; but Archer, knowing Paradox 
would not race when left out by himself, brought Melton up with a sudden and 
desperate rush, which literally snatched victory out of the fire at the last moment. 
It had been a dead heat between Harvester and 5V. Gaticn the year before. 
Many imagined the same thing might have occurred again ; but the judge gave it to 



FAMOUS RACING STUDS OF THE LAST THIRTY YEARS 633 

Melton by a head. It must have been some slight consolation to his owner that 
Paradox won the Grand Prix at Paris. Another terrific race Mr. Cloete had in 
1891 for the Park Hill Stakes at Doncaster, over the old St. Leger course, with 
Cereza, a regular Newminster filly, who did not stand, or require, much training, and 
was therefore kept out of the Oaks in order to win the Coronation Stakes at Ascot. 
At Doncaster she met Haute Sadne and Mimi, and this time the short head went 
the right way. The struggle was so close that Cereza 's jockey did not know which 
had won, for there was only a short head between all three mares, and the excellence 
of the performance may be judged from the fact that the betting was 100 to 30 
against Cereza, 2 to i against Haute Sadne, and 5 to 4 against Mimi, who had won 
the Thousand Guineas, the Newmarket Stakes, and the Oaks in that season. 
Mr. Cloete moved his horses from Porter's to Marsh's, and then started training 
them himself at his own stud farm, where gallops have been laid out on the beautiful 
meadows at Hare Park, near Newmarket. 

But Porter must soon have been consoled for the defeat of Paradox, if a trainer 
who was doing so well for so long ever really needed consolation ; for in that 
very same year of 1885, a two-year-old by Bend Or out of Lily Agnes was 
being tried in October over the Kingsclere Downs, and from the first day the 
Duke of Westminster's bay colt showed his fine, free, tireless action, every good 
judge saw he was a smasher. Even the best of them, however, hardly realised 
at once that Ormonde was to have an unbeaten career of so brilliant a lustre 
that, in the opinion of very many, he was the best horse of the nineteenth century. 
Take him all round, this lineal descendant of Stockwell was certainly one of the 
most remarkable horses ever bred in England, and his first rough gallop, against 
Kendal, when both were two-year-olds, was the first time he was stripped, the 
only time he was tried, and the only time he was ever headed at the finish. In 
the Post Sweepstakes (Bretby Stakes Course) he did not start the favourite, and 
beat Modwena (11 to 10 on) by a length. A strong favourite for the Criterion 
Stakes (6 to 4 on, freely), he beat Oberon (by Galopin out of Wheel of Fortune) 
and Mephisto easily. He met a fairly good field again in the Dewhurst Plate, 
but started at 1 1 to 4 on, and beat Miss Jmmny, who was not much more than 
moderate, though she won the Oaks. He cantered home, and went into winter 
quarters; and the spring of 1886, that memorable year, dawned happily for every 
friend of Kingsclere. There was great discussion over a particularly fine crop of 
three-year-olds. The Bard was unbeaten, with the Brocklesby Stakes at Lincoln 



634 



HBIHK'VB^^^^H 








i 



FAMOUS RACING STUDS OF THE LAST THIRTY YEARS. 



635 



to his credit. Saraband had won his race very easily at Kempton. Matthew 
Uawson declared Minting (by Lord Lyoii) to be "one of the very best animals 
he had ever known," an opinion which carried so much weight that when he met 
Ormonde for the first time in the Two Thousand, he started favourite at even 
money ; Saraband, 3 to i ; Ormonde, 7 to 2. Ormonde made his own running, 
and won so easily that Mr. Vyner very discreetly reserved Minting for the 
Grand Prix. For the Derby it was much the same story, except that that 
gallant little horse The Bard came round Tattenham Corner almost on terms, 
but could not stride with Ormonde when they swung into the straight. At Ascot 
he won the St. James's Palace Stakes, and beat Melton in the Hardwicke next 
day. The Yorkshire- 
men were so delighted 
with his looks that they 
laid 7 to i on him for 
the Leger, and he did 
all they asked and more. 
He actually started with 
25 to i on him for the 
Great Foal Stakes at the 
Newmarket First Octo- 
ber, and was without an 
opponent for the New- 
market St. Leger. His 
price for the Champion 
Stakes was " 100 to i 

on," and again for the Free Handicap, where he gave 2st. to Mephisto, and won 
in a canter by eight lengths. After walking over for a Private Sweepstakes on 
the last day of the Houghton, he went home for the winter with ,24,560 to his 
credit, without having been really extended at all, except for those few strides by 
The Bard. Then arose the sad tale that he had begun to "make a noise." It 
was too true. Still, he beat Kilwarlin by six lengths for the Rous Memorial at 
Ascot, with 4 to i on. The odds shortened, however, to 5 to 4 on, when he had 
to meet Minting for the Hardwicke Stakes at even weights, gst. lolb. each. He 
won by. a neck, and Tom Cannon let it be understood that the gap might have 
been larger if necessary. His last race was the Imperial Gold Cup at the 





From the painting by Captain Adrian Jones. 



' Sainfoin? 



6i.6 A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



Newmarket July Meeting, over the last six furlongs of the Bunbury Mile, and 
he had to be driven to shake off Wkitefriar. He only just left the Turf in time 
to save his shield untarnished, and was sold into South America, leaving, in Orme, 
a son well worthy of so great a sire. 

The cheers over that sensational struggle for the Hardwicke Stakes will not 
easily be forgotten, for there was behind them just that touch of sadness for both 
owner and trainer which they alone were able fully to appreciate at the time. 
Perhaps Porter was the only man who realised the full risks that splendid horse 
was running. The period was a memorable one in several ways. In 1886 the 
King, then Prince of Wales, had joined the Kingsclere stables. In 1887 the 
Jubilee of Her Majesty Queen Victoria was celebrated. It was at one time 
suggested that Ormonde should carry the Duke of Westminster in the procession. 
Eventually it was decided to bring him quietly up to London to a garden-party 
at Grosvenor House. He was unboxed at Waterloo, walked deliberately across 
Westminster Bridge, and by special permission across the Parks. A cabman with 
an eye for horseflesh was the only ordinary Londoner who knew what was passing 
through the capital, and he would not believe the short reply his question received 
" Ormonde." That gentlemanly thoroughbred enjoyed his Mayfair garden-party 
as if he had been used to such functions all his life, and travelled just as contentedly 
back to Kingsclere when the last orchid had been handed him to nibble by the 
ladies. 

Ormonde was selected as a type by Major-General Sir John Hills, in his 
interesting book, " The Points of a Racehorse," to illustrate the quite unique and 
extraordinary length of his humerus, which is nearly as long as the shoulder-blade, 
and also the remarkable uprightness of its slope. With his grand quarters and 
loins, short back, excellent low stifle, straight hind legs with powerful gaskins, 
and deep barrel, Ormonde at his best showed every point of racing excellence 
remarkably displayed in spite of having a plain head and a rather short neck. 
His splendid framework he no doubt inherited as much from Bend Or as from 
Lily Agnes, and he handed it on to Orme, his famous son from Angelica, who 
is a pattern of good looks with scarce a blemish on him, truly and perfectly built 
for a combination of strength and speed, with wonderfully developed style, no 
lumber in front, splendid slope to the shoulders, and excellent loins and quarters. 
Ormes son, Flying Fox, though not built on such powerful lines as those of his 
sire and grandsire, shows even finer quality, and all his good points harmonise 



637 




I 

I 



* 



. 



VOL. III. 



I! 1! 



6 3 8 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



together in a perfect unison. To the grand stifle, well-marked and very straight 
hind leg, well-let-down, long, and well-placed humerus, good shoulder, short back, 
deep brisket, well-put-on neck, handsome head, and fine, steady-looking eye, the 
only possible improvement would be a very slight addition to the length of 
quarter. The first of his get are entered for the Derby of 1904 by his sporting 
French purchaser, M. Blanc. It is rare indeed that good blood has shown its 
value in so direct a line of magnificent successors. 

Sainfoin (by Springfield out of Sanda) was bought as a Hampton Court yearling 




By permission of" Country Life." 



" La Flhhe," with filly by "Morion." 



by Porter for himself and Sir Robert Jardine at 550 guineas. After he had only 
run once as a two-year-old and once as a three-year-old (winning both races), Sir 
James Miller offered .6,000 and half the Derby Stakes if he won. At Epsom he 
did win, beating Lc Nord by three-quarters of a length, Surefoot and Orwell being 
behind them. S^^refoot he beat again in the Hardwicke Stakes at Ascot, which 
were won by that fine horse Amphion. Baron Hirsch joined Porter's stable in 1889, 
and two years afterwards came Common's year. The big son of Isonomy and This'le 
never ran as a two-year-old, for he wanted all the time he could get to be trained 



FAMOUS RACING STUDS OF THE LAST THIRTY YEARS. 639 

When he appeared at Newmarket for the Two Thousand, local critics thought him 
well named ; but they soon altered their opinion when he had beaten Gouverneur, 
Peter Flower, and Orvieto in a common canter. At Epsom he showed he could 
go as well on soft ground as on hard, and thoroughly justified the odds of 1 1 to 10 
laid on him. Immediately after he had secured the triple crown by winning the 
St. Leger, he was sold to Sir Blundell Maple for ,15,000, and went to the stud after 
as short a career on the Turf as was possible for so commanding a success. But there 
were many who regretted that so fine an animal was not given the chance of becoming 
the great Cup horse he might undoubtedly have proved himself, for he was one 
of the very best that ever trod the turf, of so powerful a make that, as in the case 
of Ormonde, a hasty glance at him at the stud produces an impression of coarseness, 
which is really unfounded. His loins and quarters are wonderful, with good hind 
legs, a grand stifle, and excellent shoulders and humerus. Kingsclere had four 
good two-year-olds while Common was in training. These were La Fleche, Orme, 
Goldfinch, and Windgall. The daughter of St. Simon and Quiver cost Baron Hirsch 
5,500 guineas, at that time the record price for a yearling, and one which the 
King, then Prince of Wales, strongly advised her purchaser to give. Like her 
full sister, Memoir, La Fleche was beautifully and truly made throughout, with 
very fine stifle, straight hincl leg, and good shoulders. She eventually won .31,153 
in stakes alone ; was unbeaten as a two-year-old ; cantered away with the One 
Thousand ; was beaten by a cleverly ridden outsider for the Derby ; won the Oaks 
by a head, in spite of having a very hard race in her; beat Orvieto (4 yrs., 
gst. rolb.) by three lengths (gst. Sib.) in the Lancashire Plate at Manchester; and 
turned the tables decisively on Sir Hiigo at Doncaster by winning the Leger in 
a canter. Her final success in 1892 was the Cambridgeshire, under 8st. iolb., against 
Pensioner with 6st. 4lb. That year the Prince of Wales and Baron Hirsch left 
Porter's stables with mutual regret on both sides. Ormes career was by no means 
over while his brilliant stable-companion was rolling up her victories. He had been 
only once beaten out of six attempts as a two-year-old, and his three-year-old season 
was rendered sensational throughout the length and breadth of England by the 
mysterious incident popularly known as " The Poisoning of Orme." The theory 
of a diseased tooth was at one time widely believed ; but in the book he published 
in 1896, John Porter asserted that he had "not the least doubt whatever" that the 
horse had been poisoned. Mr. Williams, the well-known veterinary professor, was 
of opinion, when called in at the time, that the poison was mercurial. Besides the 



640 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



usual symptoms of salivation, the unlucky animal's hair came off in patches in about 
a fortnight, and for some ten days his life was in danger. But he was never left 
alone a moment, and his fine constitution, aided by unremitting care, pulled him 
through at last. The inevitable inquiry was placed in the capable hands of Sir 
George Lewis, and ,1,000 reward was offered for the apprehension of the guilty 
person. No evidence has ever been forthcoming sufficient to convict any one. But 
by July, 1892, the horse himself put all doubts to rest as to his recovery by winning 
the Eclipse Stakes at Sandown against Orvieto, St. Damien, Certosa, Gouverneur, 
Llanthony, and Rouge Dragon. With odds of 5 to 4 betted on him, and ridden 
by George Barrett, he won by a neck, and loudly did the huge crowd cheer 

him ; indeed, the world- 
wide interest in his reap- 
pearance overshadowed 
almost every other con- 
test of the year until La 
Fleche and others beat 
him in the St. Leger 
after he had been ridden 
to a standstill. But the 
greatest race of his life 
was yet to come, when 
he met her again in his 
second entry for the 
Eclipse next season. 
This time Mornington 
Cannon rode him (lost. 2lb.), while George Barrett was on the mare (gst. i3lb.). 
He won by half a length, the mare being third ; and he beat La Fleche again 
(giving her /lb.) in the Gordon Stakes at Goodwood. In spite of his illness, he 
retired from the Turf with a winning list of ,32,726. 

The St. Leger of 1894 was as great a surprise as that of Dutch Oven or Caller Ou. 
Throstle (by Petrarch out of Thistle) started at 50 to i in a field of eight, and Lord 
Alington and Sir Frederick Johnstone took forty ponies between them in order that 
she might not run unbacked. She beat Ladas by three-quarters of a length, and 
Matchbox was third. In 1895 Kingsclere had rather too many seconds for Porter's 
liking; but the season of 1899 more than made up for it. That was Flying Fox s 




By permission of" Cvitniry Life." 



" Throstle." 



FAMOUS RACING STUDS OF THE LAST THIRTY YEARS. 641 

year indeed. As a two-year-old he won the New Stakes at Ascot and the Criterion 
Stakes at Newmarket. As a three-year-old he won the Two Thousand, Derby, 
St. Leger, Eclipse Stakes, Princess of Wales's Stakes, and Jockey Club Stakes. No 
wonder he was sold to M. Blanc for the highest price ever given for a thoroughbred. 
In years later than those already mentioned, Porter won the Oaks with La Roche 
(1900) ; the Prince of Wales's Stakes at Ascot with Manners (1899) and Simon Dale 
(1900); the Coronation Stakes with Lowood (1898); the Hardwicke Stakes with 
Shaddock (1896) and Collar (1898); the Great Yorkshire Stakes with Manners 
(1899); the Great Foal Stakes at Newmarket with Labrador (1896) and Batt 
(1902); the Gold Cup at Ascot, the Alexandra Plate, and the Doncaster Cup, all 
with that stout horse William the Third (1902); the Chesterfield Cup and the 
Doncaster Cup with Calveley ( 1 899) ; and the Gold Vase with Ice Maiden (1902). 
Writing in the " Badminton Magazine " for September, 1903, Porter was able to publish 
a winning total of ,691,672 since he had come to Kingsclere, without counting 
Beadsman, Musjid, or FitzRoland, whom George Manning had trained there before 
him. The record is a fine one, and it may be hoped that it will continue on its high 
level now that the stable has become a limited company. 

The horses trained by Porter for the King when Prince of \Vales were Calistos, 
Counterpane, Falcon, Loyalist, Lady Peggy, Peter At hoi, Montgomerie, Huntingtower, 
Shamrock II., Ester hazy, Derelict, Pierrette, Nandine, Melesine, Marguerite, Mrs. 
Doddy, and Golden Maze, none of whom brought much luck to the Royal colours. 
Counterpane (who, like Lady Peggy, was by Hermit] won the King's first race for 
him at Sandown, but fell dead on the post in her next attempt at the finish for the 
Stockbridge Cup. But an ample recompense for all this was obtained by the 
purchase (made on Porter's advice) of Perdita II., a daughter of Hampton and 
Hermione by Young Alelbourne. Her foal of 1891 was Florizel II.; two years 
later she threw Persimmon ; and then in 1 897 came Diamond Jiibilee, with whose 
victorious career the famous and palatial racing establishment presided over by 
Richard Marsh at Newmarket is chiefly connected. 

At the beginning of 1902 Marsh had sixty-seven horses in training at Egerton 
House, a total five in excess of John Porter's large establishment at the same 
period. Born in 1852, at Stnethe, in Kent, Richard Marsh rode Temple to victory 
in the New Stakes at Ascot in 1869. He was successful in the jumping line as 
well, both at Croydon and Auteuil. He began training in the Newmarket district 
in quite a modest way at Six Mile Bottom, for Mr. Hector Baltazzi. In the 



642 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



seventies he was at Lordship Farm, where he gathered experience for some sixteen 
years, when Joseph Cannon took on the place. But when Lord Ellesmere built 
Egerton House in 1892, Marsh really had his opportunity. The large and 
roomy stables over which he presides are most conveniently situated just beyond 
the July course on the Cambridge Road, within two miles of the Newmarket Post 
Office, and certainly form one of the smartest establishments of the kind hitherto 
constructed. There is accommodation for about eighty horses in the boxes and 
stalls that surround its two huge courtyards, and just outside them is a large square 




*' 

* 





From a photograph taken at Sandringham. 
Reproduced by permission of His Majesty the King. 



' Perdita II. ' 



paddock for walking exercise. With its avenues of Scotch firs and light, sandy 
soil, there is no touch of dampness or malaria in the place, which is very little 
affected by fog. Better buildings it would be scarcely possible to devise, and it 
would be difficult to imagine the sentiments of old Tom Parr of Wantage, or 
the Yorkshire trainers of the early nineteenth century, if they could behold the 
developments of modern racing in this particular direction. They might prefer 
Fisherman, and his kind, to all the luxuries for man and beast which we seem 
to have agreed to consider more essential than producing the old stamp of stayer ; 



FAMOUS RACING STUDS OF THE LAST THIRTY YEARS. 



643 






but they would certainly feel somewhat abashed at the greatly increased amount 
of varied business, and extremely heavy responsibility, which the modern trainer 
has to face in addition to the simpler duties of his predecessor. In moving his horses 
from Kingsclere, the Prince of Wales was no doubt influenced by the fact that 
Newmarket is now not only within an easy run from London, but also comparatively 
close to Sandringham. His horses were accompanied by those of Baron Hirsch and 
Lord Marcus Beresford, to which were added several belonging to the Duke of 
Devonshire and Mr. Brodrick Cloete, who only left Egerton House in order to 
try one of the most enjoyable forms of amusement, and train on their own estates 
the horses they had bred themselves, an ideal occupation for any one who has 
the opportunity to enjoy 
it. Lord Wolverton, 
Mr. J. W. Larnach (who 
owned the Derby winner 
fedda/i), Mr. Leopold cle 
Rothschild, Lord Hind- 
lip, Lord W. Beresford, 
Lord Dudley, Lord War- 
wick, Lord Hastings, the 
Duke of Portland, Mr. 
Arthur James, and many 
more, have at one time 
or another had their 
animals under Marsh's 
charge; but it was "the 
Prince's luck " that made the reputation of the stable, as may be gathered from 
the fact that in six years Marsh scored the following successes for the Royal 
colours, all with the three famous sons of Perdita II. , who died in 1899: with 
Florizel II., the Manchester Cup, the Gold Vase at Ascot, the Goodwood Cup, and 
other races ; with Persimmon, the Derby, St. Leger, Ascot Cup, Eclipse Stakes, 
and Jockey Club Stakes ; and with Diamond J^lbilee, the Two Thousand, Derby, 
St. Leger, Eclipse Stakes, and Newmarket Stakes. To these should be added 
the One Thousand Guineas with Thais, who was by St. Serf out of Poetry, and 
was very difficult to train. She died before the end of 1898, after having been 
sent to Isinglass. If Thais had beaten Canterbury Pilgrim at Epsom as she did 





" Jeddah " (1895), by " Janissary ; 



644 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



at Ascot, the Prince of Wales would have won Oaks and Derby in the same year. 
Florizcl II. was even less promising as a two-year-old, but in his fourth year his 
only defeat was almost as creditable as his six successes, for he carried gst. into 
fourth place for the Cesarewitch ; and judging from Volodyovski, Mackintosh, 
Floriform, and Doricles, he may be said to have begun brilliantly at the stud. 

The first time Persimmon had his clothes off in a trial he gave 35lb. and a 
beating to Rags, winner of the Sudbroke Selling Plate at Lincoln in 1895, to 
whom all the Egerton House two-year-olds failed to give i4lb. He could not 
be got fit for the Two Thousand, and looked a rather slovenly, sprawling colt 

until he began to take a turn for 
the better, when he improved with 
great rapidity. But he seemed so 
to resent locomotion by steam that 
it appeared probable they would 
never get him by train to Epsom 
at all. At last Marsh called out 
in despair: " I'll give a sovereign 
apiece to those who help get him 
in." Half Newmarket was at him 
in a moment, lifted him fairly off 
his legs, and swept him into the 
box, where he began to eat his 
corn with a supercilious air of 
wonder that so much fuss was 
being made. Marsh had to explain 
that he did not carry the Derby stakes in his pocket, and all of the assistants 
could not get their sovereign then ; but no doubt they made it later on, when the 
great colt beat St. Frusquin by a neck, and there was a scene of tremendous 
enthusiasm, culminating, when the Prince took his leading-rein from Marsh at the 
weighing-in enclosure, in such cheers as have rarely been heard even on the 
Epsom Downs. The two rivals were so closely matched that the 3lb. Persimmon 
had to give St. Frusquin in the Princess of Wales's Stakes would almost exactly 
account for his half-length defeat. Of the cardinal points in the excellence of a 
thoroughbred as described by Sir John Hills, the most important are the perpen- 
dicularity of the slope from the point of the shoulder to the point of the elbow, 




His Majesty's "Mead? by "Persimmon." 










^ 

s 



I 







FAMOUS RACING STUDS OF THE LAST THIRTY YEARS. 



6 45 



and the proportionate length of the humerus to the scapula. On these points 
depends the free and extended action of the fore legs, just as that of the hind 
legs depends on a long femur ending in a low and well-developed stifle-bone and 
joint. In all horses the humerus is shorter than the scapula. It is longer in the 
greyhound and the cheetah, arid actually sixty per cent, longer in the lynx, which 
is " built for speed." Victor Wild exhibits a happy combination of these points, 
with that power and character in loins and quarters which is Sir John Hills' third 
essential. Ormonde, Ormc, Velasquez, and Isinglass are examples of a specially 
well-placed humerus, as far removed from the horizontal as possible. In Ormonde 
the humerus was longer than in any horse yet examined, for it was nearly as long as 
his shoulder-blade. In 
Persimmon its length and 
perpendicularity are also 
especially well marked. 
Though he looks high on 
the leg, he is not so in 
reality. He is remark- 
able for the great depth 
from withers to brisket, 
and his straight hind 
legs are perfectly made. 
His elbow is low, quite 
free from the body, not 
in any way tied in, and 
with a large joint, and 

he is not too broad between the legs in front. His light head and neck are well 
put on. There is no lumber in front, his loins and quarters are good, and the 
triangular wedge between girth and brisket is well marked. It would be difficult 
to find a more perfect model for the practical exposition of excellent racing points 
than the various pictures of him reproduced in these volumes, and the same style 
of formation is beautifully carried out in his daughter Sceptre, a style which improves 
with age, as was shown by Clorane and Victor Wild. 

Both 1896 and 1897 were great years for Marsh, and he was given another in 
1900 by Diamond Jubilee, a smaller edition of Persimmon, and a lighter colour, who 
brought Egerton House to the top of the winning stables in 1900 with .43,321. 
VOL. in. c c 




By permission of" Country Life." 



' Florizel II:' 



646 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



more than half of which was won by His Majesty's colt, the remainder being due 
to The Gorgon, Dieudonne", Strong Bow, and Strike-a-light, among the twenty- 
horses who produced thirty-one victories. There was only less excitement than 
in Persimmons year, when Diamond Jubilee added another Derby to the Royal 
record, because the war was trying most people's nerves a little high ; and that 
he must have been well wound up for the St. Leger is clear from the fact that he 
did record time when winning easily. 

Any trainer in these days who can score the Derby three times in five years 




" Diamond Jubilee " (1897) by "St. Simon.'" 

has made himself a name that is not easily forgotten ; but when we add to this 
the fact that from 1893 to 1900, Marsh trained the winners of 327 races worth 
,215,408, it becomes evident that consistent industry has been at work on good 
material ever since Egerton House was built ; and a Royal yearling in Marsh's 
boxes as these lines are written, called La Paix (by Persimmon out of Laodamki), 
gives every promise of this success being continued in the future. At the stud 
which is attached to the racing stables stand Ayrshire and St. Serf, for the 
Duke of Portland finds that St. Simon, Carbine, and Donovm are enough for 



FAMOUS FACING STUDS OF THE LAST THIRTY YEARS. 



647 



Welbeck and the fine collection of brood mares and foals he has there. Ayrshire, 

who is evidently well suited by the Newmarket air, made .36,915 by his eleven 

wins on the Turf, and since 1893 his stock have won ,96,537. Ayrshire's hind legs, 

though fairly straight when young, are becoming sickle-shaped as he grows older, 

but they are well let down, and his muscular loins and quarters, good stifle, and 

long, well-placed humerus are more than enough to account for his excellence. 

Sf. Serf, a more commanding-looking horse than his stud-comrade, is taller but 

not so deep-girthed. His hind legs are also not quite straight enough; his humerus 

is not so well placed as Ayrshire's, 

and he has a little lumber in front, 

but his speed came from his excellent 

stifle and fine loins and quarters. He 

is a son of St. Simon out of Feronia, 

foaled in 1887, and won ,5,809 as 

a three-year-old. From 1895 to the 

end of October, 1903, his stock won 

,69,462 in 181 races and a dead heat, 

the best of them being Thais, Mabon, 

Happy Slave, Calveley, Merle, and 

Serpentine. 

It has been lucky for the Uuke of 
Portland that St. Simon, Ayrshire, 
Donovan, and the rest should have 
done so splendidly at the stud just 
at a time when the "white, black 
sleeves and cap " seemed almost 
unable to get a winner past the post 

on the Turf, after a series of successes from 1887 to 1894 which have only 
been excelled by Lord Falmouth's wonderful victories. I have already spoken of 
St. Simon in my first volume (pp. xxii. and 5) and elsewhere, but it is only fair 
to add that, under other circumstances, the names of Scot Free, St. Gatien, 
Harvester, and The Lambkin would most probably not have appeared on the 
honourable rolls of the Two Thousand, the Derby, and the St. Leger, for none 
of them would have given the bay son of Galopin and St. Angela much 
trouble had he been able to compete for these races ; he did, as a matter of fact, 




From a pencil drawing fy 
Jane E. Cook. 



The Sixth Duke of 
Portland. 



648 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



give 2olb. and a bad beating to the St. Leger winner in a rough gallop before 
the race, and many think his form was never equalled by any other horse of 
his century. S(. Simon always objected to being tied up during his toilet, and 
C. Fordham told Mr. Sydenham Dixon that Job himself would not have had 
the patience to look after him. Unbeaten in his Turf career, like Ormonde, he 
was beaten, like Ormonde, in his first trial. His constitution and his appetite 
were perfect the whole time he was in training, and his spirits were always very 
high. The financial results of his victories, of course, by no means represent 
his form, for his best nominations were void, and not only did all courses seem 
alike to him, but he did not ever seem to find it necessary to extend himself. 

Even as he looks at 
tne stutl to-day, in the 
picture reproduced in 
these pages, he shows 
a wonderful combination 
of points in one animal : 
a good stifle, powerfully 
muscular hind legs, quar- 
ters, and loins, a short 
back, a grand slope of 
the shoulder, a good 
humerus, with a free 
elbow and a long fore- 
hand. Of his prowess 
as a sire I have already 

written at length. He has sired more high-class animals, collectively, than even 
Stockwell did. Still, if we take the ,59,302 which his produce won in 1896, it 
cannot compare with the ,61,047 which was won by 37 representatives of the 
older sire in 1866 in 139 races, which did not contain such valuable prizes as 
were to be won thirty years later. The biggest winner was Lord Lyon with 
.20,350, and next to him came that exceptionally good mare Achievement with 
.10,662 to her credit, besides Breadalbane (brother to Blair Athol], The Duke, 
Lord Ronald, Regalia, Rustic, and Savernake. It must be remembered, too, that 
in that most remarkable season Stockwell sired first and second for the Two 
Thousand ; the winner of the One Thousand ; first, second, and third in the 




" William the Third'" (1898) by " St. Simon.'' 



FAMOUS RACING STUDS OF THE LAST THIRTY YEARS. 



649 



Derby ; and first and second in the St. Leger ; while Lord Lyon only won by a 
head both at Epsom and Doncaster. Against this, however, St. Simon can put 
a list containing such flyers on the Turf, such good sires, and such good matrons, 
as Adieu, Childwick, Raconteur, St. Serf, St. Fmsqirin, St. Maclou, Tarporley, 
Florizel II., Diamond Jubilee, and Persimmon, William the Third, Roquebrune, La 
Roche, Bill of Portland, Pietcrmaritzbtirg, Pekin, Raebiirn, St. Florian, Simontault, 
Amiable, Mrs. Butlerwick, Semolina, Saintly, Memoir, La Fleche, Signorina, and 
St. Windeline, a filly whose strength and vitality I had the best personal opportunities 
of verifying in the paddock at Epsom on the day of Sceptres Oaks. It is difficult 
to say that such successes as are implied in this list were entirely the result of blood, 
in spite of the three full 
brothers who were sons 
of Perdita II., the two 
full brothers whose dam 
was Plaisanterie, and the 
two full sisters who were 
daughters of Quiver. 
For Isinglass and Isling- 
ton were full brothers ; 
so were Orvieto, Laveno, 
and Ortolo ; and the 
difference in their per- 
formances can only be 
explained by a differ- 
ence in framework, and 

not by their breeding. This seems to indicate that very few sires have the power 
of reproducing their excellence, not only in many of their own offspring, but in 
the descendants of that offspring too, as was the case with Bend Or, Ormonde, 
Orme, and Flying Fox, and as is seen in St. Simon, Persimmon, and Sceptre, and 
in several other cases of the St. Simon blood. Even the best of these stallions 
again can scarcely ever repeat a sequence of sons from the same mare like those 
descended from Perdita II. Among modern mares that can be compared with 
Perdita II., Quiver has been already mentioned. There are also Morganettc, dam 
of Galtee More, Blair fin rV, and Ard Patrick ; Vista, dam of Bona Vista, Sir 
Visto, and Velasquez; Mr. Cartwright's Princess of Wales, who bred Albert Victor, 




' Seabreeae? 




650 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



Louise Victoria, Victoria Alexandra, George Frederick, and Maud Victoria, own 
brothers and sisters in consecutive seasons ; Napoli, dam of Orvieto, Laveno, and 
Rappalo ; Atalanta, dam of Melanion, Ayrshire, and Troon ; and Mowerina, dam 
of Donovan, Raebtirn, Modwena, and Semolina. If to these we add those famous 
matrons Jannette, Shot over, Illuminata, Lily Agnes, and Angelica, we shall probably 
arrive at the conclusion that for breeding purposes neither a winner, alone, nor a 
representative of the best blood, alone, will ensure success. We have to look for 
correct framework, and also for that power of transmitting it, which St. Simon and 










From the painting bv Emil Adam. 
By permission of Messrs, hunfslaengl. 



'Donovan} 



Bend Or have been proved to possess, and which many a less "fashionable" sire 
in the future may be found to possess as well, provided his own "points " are good, 
without reference to his immediate ancestors. 

I have already alluded to Mr. W. Allison's development of Mr. Bruce-Lowe's 
" Figure System " ; and it will, therefore, be only fair to add the latest proof he 
adduced on December 16, 1903, of its value as a guide in breeding winners. He 
shows that in the season of 1903, counting place-money for the Two Thousand, One 
Thousand, Derby, Oaks, Princess of Wales and Jockey Club Stakes, Eclipse Stakes, 



FA AW US RACING STUDS OF THE LAST THIRTY YEARS. 

and St. Leger Stakes, besides all races in Ireland worth ,90 and upwards, the 
winnings of his " families " come out as follows : 



1. No. 4, with 160 races (4 d. heats) worth ,62,560. 

2. No. 2, with 220 races (3 d. heats) worth ^57,443- 

3. No. 5, with 103 races (i d. heat) worth ,41,019. 

4. No. i, with 149 races worth ^40,37 7. 



6. No. 14, with 77 races worth ,37,416. 

7. No. 3, with 140 races worth .34,832. 

8. No. 8, with 107 races (2 d. heats) worth .33,049. 

9. No. 7, with 80 races worth .22,838. 



5 No. 16, with 88 races (i d. heat) worth ^39,936. 10. No. 9, with 78 races worth ,21,881. 

If we consider the number of races only, this means that 1,202 out of the 2,023 
races of 1903, in Great Britain and Ireland, were won by animals belonging to the 




From //;< fiaiii/ins,' l>y Kuril Adam. 
By fcniiissiii/i of Hanfstaengl. 



" Memoir?' 



families Mr. Allison numbers i, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 14, and 16, which is certainly 
a remarkable result. If we take the value of the stakes, we find also that the total 
amount given in Great Britain and Ireland for first prizes alone was ,534,927, 
of which these same families scored ,391,331, a sum which includes the place-money 
for the eight great English races and Irish races worth ,90 and upwards. Taking 
the families in the order shown by the table printed above, No. 4 family owes its 
pre-eminence in 1903 to Rock Sand's ,22.633, f r m tne number of races won 
it only comes second. Mr. Allison traces its success to the Layton Barb Mare. I 



6 5 2 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



prefer to see in it the result of much more modern blood, and much less complicated 
methods of selecting sires and dams than Mr. Allison apparently prescribes. Nor 
do I understand how he can reconcile the total disappearance of his sixth family from 
the first twenty in such a table as that just printed, while the families he numbers 21, 
22, and 23 do make their appearance in this same first twenty. It is true that the 
families who have won a hundred or more races, if placed in order of merit would 
read as No. 2, No. 4, No. i, No. 3, No. 8, No. 5, and No. 12 ; but, in spite of this, 
if we take the value of the prizes won, how are we to explain the facts that the family 
he placed sixteenth can be actually fifth on the table quoted owing to its possession 
of Sceptre, the best mare of modern times ; and that the family he placed fourteenth 

can in the same table 
have reached the sixth 
place owing to possess- 
ing such two-year-old 
fliers as Pretty Polly 
and St.Amant ? If we 
consider the number 
~~/ 1 of mares by which each 

family is represented 
in the current number 
of the General Stud 
Book, the problem 
becomes even more 
difficult ; for though it 
is true that some mares 

have more foals than others, it is clear that his No. 2 family, with nearly 200 more 
mares to represent it than No. i, will by that very fact of numerical superiority 
enjoy a greater chance than the No. i family ; and indeed it is two places higher 
than his No. i family in the table which we are now considering. I think that the 
views taken of this theory, called the " Figure System," are of such importance in our 
future systems of breeding, that I have added these more modern considerations 
of its value to those arguments based on earlier results which were given in 
Vol. I. p. 154, and Vol. II. p. 435. The conclusion in my own mind is an 
unbounded admiration for Mr. Allison's skilful and interesting treatment of the facts 
he had before him, but an unshaken belief that the statistics he produced are 




"Merman" (1892, Australia). 



FAMOUS RACING STUDS OF THE LAST THIRTY YEARS. 



653 



valuable as history alone, and should be considered in relation to the past rather 
than the future ; as a record of certain relationships and descents, rather than as 
a guide to fresh alliances. I am inclined to think that the shifting in the original 
order of his families already shown in the table given for 1903, will tend to increase 
as the years go on, until it is seen that the brilliant exposition he published in " The 
British Thoroughbred Horse" is indeed a monumental record of the facts of racing 
up to 1901, and as such will always have its value, but that it is not the breeder's 
gospel of salvation which Mr. Bruce-Lowe thought he had discovered. 

If we take the male lines, for the sake of contrast, it may be of interest to see 
how the blood of the Godolphin Arabian, the Byerly Turk, and the Darley 
Arabian, whom I have 
described in previous 
chapters, came out in 
their descendants at 
the Ascot Meeting of 
1903 through Matchem, 
Herod, and Eclipse. In 
these days Matchem 
blood generally means 
Melbourne mares in 
this country, though 
Kingston has freshened 
it in America, and, on 
this side, with King's 
Courier, who now stands 

at Stetchworth ; and there are other young sons of Kingston now in England, like 
Lancashire, Bobrinski, and Surbiton, to be reckoned with ; Atistralian Star may 
also benefit it in the future ; nor must Chaleureux be forgotten. Among Ascot 
winners it was represented only by Kroonstad, who traces through Kilwai'lin to 
Melbourne. Herod is far stronger abroad than here, since the exportation of Glencoe, 
Gladiator, The Flying Dutchman, Fisherman, and Buccaneer, and was represented 
at Ascot by two winners only, Bass Rock (son of Grey Leg, and so through Ion 
and Highflyer}, and by the French Arizona (son of Upas, and so through The 
Flying Dutchman to Woodpecker}. Another direct descendant of " the Dutchman " 
is the French Pastisson, who stands at Cobham. Dinna Forget, who stands in 
VOL. in. n i> 




By permission of" Country Life." 



" Trenton? 



654 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



Ireland, has Ion at the top of his pedigree and The Flying Dutchman at the bottom. 
Dog Rose at the Weston Rhyn stud is another Herod horse. This means that 
Matchem and Herod between them only won ^4,547 out of .38,006, and all the 
rest of the money at Ascot was carried off by Eclipse and The Darley Arabian, St. 
Simon and four of his sons claiming no less than 10 of the 28 Ascot winners. 

It is perhaps strange that Matchem, Herod, and Eclipse, of all the stallions in 
Weatherby's first Stud Book, are now the only ones represented in tailmale on the 
modern English Turf. And among these three it is noteworthy that, of the .492, 125 
won by the produce of sires in the United Kingdom in 1903, no less than .442,010 
was scored by winners tracing back to Eclipse alone. Matchem s descendants in 

'the list of winning stal- 

r 

lions were Bartizan, The 
Deemster, Freemason, 
Kilwarlin, Kingston, 
Marco, Morion, Sir 
Visto, Winkfield, and 
Wolf's Crag, to whom 
traced the winners of 
.33,041. Herod's line 
was represented in the 
same list by Curio, 
Despair, Grey Leg, Le 
Sancy, Loved One, Mac 
Mahon, Ocean Wave, 
Omnium II., St. George, 

whose descendants won 17,759. Even ; more significant than any of these 
facts is the predominance of two families in the Eclipse line itself; for the Irish 
sire Birdcatcher is represented by 57 winners of 181,671, and Blacklock had 
33 winners of ,158,607. Next to them comes the Touchstone family with 34 winners 
of 92,982. 

All this is surely a clear indication of such perpetual in-breeding to "fashionable 
stock " that unfortunate results can scarcely be avoided if the same process is too 
long continued. It seems obvious that Matchem and Herod blood must be brought 
back, and must be more freely used, if we are to have any regard for consequences 
beyond the immediate present. 




'Australian Star 1 ' (1896, Australia). 



FAMOUS RACING STUDS OF THE LAST THIRTY YEARS. 



655 



Besides St. Simon, whose prowess as a sire suggested these reflections, the 
Duke of Portland has Donovan and Carbine standing at Welbeck. Donovan, the 
most redoubtable racehorse of his day, provides an excellent example of the true 
position and form a stifle-joint should have low and clearly in view, muscular and 
well developed. By Galopin out of Mowerina, he won ,55,154 in only two years' 
racing, scoring eighteen victories (the Derby and St. Leger among them) out of 
twenty-one attempts, a record which is only beaten by Colonel McCalmont's 
Isinglass, who made ,57,185, of which ,34,018 was scored when he was four years 
and upwards. Donovan had a fine two-year-old career, and began his next season by 
beating Pioneer, Minthe, and Enthusiast (in that order) for the Prince of Wales's 
Stakes at Leicester 
in April, which were 
worth .12,000. He 
started for the Two 
Thousand of 1889 with 
odds of 85 to 20 on 
him. "It was a slow 
muddling race," writes 
Mr. Sydenham Dixon, 
" and Tom Cannon 
accomplished one of 
the most brilliant feats 
of all his memorable 
career in the saddle, 
and completely outrode 
Barrett." So Mr. D. Baird's Enthusiast won, and Donovan lost the triple crown. 
No mistake was made about making the running on the next occasion. John Watts 
was put up on Turcophone to make the pace as hot as possible in the Newmarket 
Stakes, and did it so well that Donovan won by two lengths, and the pacemaker 
secured the ,1,000 for the second, Enthusiast being unplaced. After that Donovans 
number went up for the Derby, the Prince of Wales's Stakes at Ascot, the St. Leger, 
the Lancashire Plate, and the Royal Stakes at Newmarket, and no horse has ever 
won as much money in the time as he did in 1889. At the stud he grew into one 
of the handsomest stallions in England, and in the prime of life has sired such sons 
as Velasquez, Matchmaker, Veronese, and Tom Cringle, the first two of whom are 




Hy permission of Mr. Cakert. 



" Clwyd? b. c. by " Beauclerc" 
o>itof"Strathbrock? 



6 5 6 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



doing well on their own account already. In William- the Third, the Duke of 
Portland seemed likely in 1 904 to possess a legitimate successor to St. Simon ; and 
a son of the old stallion, bred by the owner of them both, is a very natural favourite 
at Welbeck. William the Third started his stud career at the high fee of 
200 guineas ; and his reputation, as one of the best stayers of recent years, has 
evidently done no harm to his prospects as a sire. 

The Duke brought Carbine, in June, 1895, from Australia, at the price of 
.13,000, and his arrival at what was probably at that date the most valuable 
stud in the world was celebrated by a regular reception for those who were 
interested in thoroughbred stock on the very day when the late Colonel McCalmont 

was elected for the New- 
market Division. To 
the cheers for his victory 
at lunch was added 
"one more cheer for 
Isinglass" before the 
guests passed out, in 
the most appropriate 
frame of mind, to in- 
spect the Welbeck stud. 
Raeburn, the only horse 
who ever finished in 




" Kilcock " (1892) by " Kiltaarlin" 



front of Isinglass, was 



standing 
stallions, 



among 



the 

t_7 

with Havoc, 

Cliild of the Mist, Donovan, St. Simon, and Carbine. The last-named, a son of 
Musket out of Mersey, is stoutly made, with an excellent and muscular stifle, powerful 
loins and quarters, a straight hind leg, but only fair shoulders, and the humerus 
is a trifle short. He was only once unplaced in all his forty-three races in Australia, 
and won thirty-three of them, at all distances from five furlongs to three miles, his 
crowning triumph being the Melbourne Cup of two miles, carrying lost. 5lb. as 
a five-year-old. Behind the saddle it would be difficult to find a fault, but his 
shoulders are certainly not all that his victories would lead one to expect. However, 
his lethargic disposition is exactly the right one for mating with those Galopin and 
St. Simon mares, who sometimes possess an excess of the quality in which he is 



FAMOUS RACING STUDS OF THE LAST THIRTY YEARS. 



657 



slightly deficient, so his sojourn on the limestone pastures of a new country is likely 
to prove of the greatest benefit to his get. The best racer Australia has produced 
since Carbine is that wonderful mare Wakeful, a daughter of Trenton, who is the son 
of Musket and Frailty, and is handsomer and finer built than Carbine. In only just 
failing to give the three-year-old Lord Cardigan 48lb. in the Melbourne Cup, 
Wakeful established her claim to a place in that select company of mares which 
includes Kincscm, La Fleck", La Camargo, Sceptre, and the lately dead Wheel of 
Fortune, who was at Welbeck when Carbine first arrived with three other Oaks 
winners to keep her company, in Memoir, Mrs. Biitterwick, and Amiable, a quartette 
of stars unequalled in any other racing stable of the day. But like La Fleche, Lady 
Elizabeth, Marie Stuart, Jannette, and many another flier, Wheel of Fortune never 







By permission of Mr. Cafaert. 



The Great Jubilee Stakes, 1897. 
" Clwyd" beats " Kilcock" and " Victor Wild." 



reaped such glory at the stud as she did upon the Turf. Though Jannette was 
one of the finest mares of her day for size and quality, Wheel of Fortune was 
the best Lord Falmouth ever owned, and up to 1881 Archer always spoke of her 
and Bend Or as the best animals he had ridden. Signorina was perhaps one of 
the prettiest mares of modern times ; but she was too fidgety to be photographed 
well, and I have never seen a picture that really did her justice. 

Few who heard Charles Greenwood that day in 1895 expressing the feelings 
of every visitor to Welbeck, could have realised that by 1903 he would be no 
longer with us. A true friend, a trusted colleague on the newspaper we both 
served, an unrivalled "reader" of a race, Charles Greenwood's loss was felt in 
many more offices than that of the "Daily Telegraph," where "Hotspur" had 



658 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



been as much a comrade as a contributor ; and the world of Racing paid his 
memory a just and general tribute when the news of his unexpected death reached 
this country from abroad. After the death of Francis Lawley, Charles Greenwood 
had stood with John Corlett and Sydenham Dixon in the front rank of the best 
sporting writers of his day. 

Carbine is not the only Australian sire in England. Mr. W. Allison has some 
of the finest now alive at the Cobham stud, which he manages with so much skill 
and experience. Among them are Merman, a " cast-iron " horse with wonderful 
bone, who was bred (by Grand Flaneur] in New South Wales in 1892. After 
racing successfully in Australia, he was bought by Mr. Allison for Mrs. Langtry in 

1896, and finished his 
career for her magnifi- 
cently with the Ascot 
Gold Cup in his eighth 
year. Aurum is another 
Australian importation. 
He was probably the 
best horse of his age in 
Australia, and is a son of 
Trenton, the fourth sire 
from the same good lime- 
stone pastures which, as 
I must once more repeat, 
are surely destined to 
supply a reinvigorated 

stock to keep up the excellence of the old blood in this country. Four years older 
than Carbine, Trenton is better looking, and a more commanding horse in every 
way, and he was at the head of the winning Australian stallions of 1901-2, with 
that splendid mare Wakeful as his best daughter. Mr. Spencer Gollan, whose 
success with Australian Star will not easily be forgotten, is doing similarly good 
work for this country, and his Sternchaser, imported from New Zealand, is in 
charge of Mr. W T orthington at the Grange stud, Ivinghoe, with several mares also 
from the Antipodes. 

In speaking of Richard Marsh's stable at Newmarket, I mentioned Persimmon 
(1893), Diamond Jubilee (1897), an d Florizel II. (1891) among its greatest racing 




By permission of" Country Life." 



"A'etutal." 



FAMOUS FACING STUDS OF THE LAST THIRTY YEARS. 



659 



triumphs. The first two are now the sires at the King's stud at Sandringham, of 
which I have reproduced several pictures by His Majesty's kind permission. That 
the same member of the Jockey Club should have stood at the head of the winning 
owners in 1899, and also possessed the winning stallion of 1902 (Persimmon), who 
was close to the top in 1903 as well, is in the nature of a record of which even 
the King of the English Turf may well be proud ; and the triumphs of Sceptre 
and Zinfandel, both by the King's horse, have not been ended as I write these 
lines. There are, indeed, many who think that Lord Howard de Walden's 




" Galtee More" (1894) by "/feudal." 

Zmfandel was the best of his year, and will go on proving his right to that honour 
as he grows older. The portrait of him I reproduce was given me by his 
owner. The mares at the Royal stud comprise such fine-bred ones as Medora 
and Amphora, bought at the McCalmont sale, Vane (sister to Flying Fox), 
Laodamia, whose yearling La Paix (by Persimmon) seems her best get, and 
Nunsuch, who is by Nunthorpe out of La Morlaye by Doncaster. Florizel II. 
was sent to stand at the Heath stud, Newmarket, Lord Marcus Beresford's 
establishment just behind Richard Marsh's stables, in 1896, and in his first 



66o 



A HISTORY OF THE- ENGLISH TURF. 



season got the Derby winner, Volodyovski, out of La Reine, who was by Rosi- 
crucian, and the St. Leger winner in Doricles, not to mention other successes 
like Mackintosh, Floriform, Champagne, and Uncle Sol. Victor Wild stands here 
too, who was beloved by the public as much for his stoutness and courage as 
because he broke nearly all the starting-price bookmakers who wrote his name 
down. A big, blaze-faced chestnut, the white on him showed like a flag of victory 
in many a hard-fought race, won by his splendid back and quarters. He was 




From the painting by Emil Adam, in the 
possession of Lord Rosebery. 



" Velasquez:'' 



bred (by Mr. A. Mostyn Owen) in 1890 by Albert Victor out of Wild huntress, 
and was bought after his first victory as a two-year-old by Mr. T. Worton, who 
owns him still. As a four-year-old he won the Royal Hunt Cup, and in his next 
season he beat the four-year-old Grey Leg in a canter for the Jubilee Stakes at 
Kempton Park ; Clorane beat him by a head, when he carried gst. 6lb., in his 
next attempt on the Royal Hunt Cup. His great race for the Kempton Park 
Jubilee Stakes, which he won for the second time, in 1896, will never be forgotten, 
for he was giving 2st. gib. to Kilcock, the second horse. His third effort resulted 



FAMOUS RACING STUDS OF THE LAST THIRTY YEARS. 



66 1 



in getting third to Clwyd and Kilcock, who finished in that order, and his racing 
career closed splendidly with his victory for the Coronation Cup at Kempton 
under gst. i3lb. 

At Newmarket also is Sir Ernest Cassel's stud at Moulton Paddocks, formerly 
presided over by F. W. Day, but now occupied by Mr. Francis Lambton. The 
silver grey and light blue cap won their first race on the Turf in 1895, and by 
1901 they had reached .9,711, among the best "winners being Handicapper, Bona 
Rota, Sermon, Sonatura, Solitaire, Sang Bleu, and Fleur d' Ete. The chief stallion 




I'mm the painting by Captain Adrian Jones. 



" Amphion" 



at Sir Ernest's stud is Love Wisely, a strong, compact young sire with perfect 
hocks, who was got by Wisdom out of Lovelorn by Philammon, and is full of 
Birdcatcher blood. The late Mr. Bass never owned a better racer, and Love 
Wisely would have been more famous had he not been foaled in the same year 
as Persimmon and St. Frusquin, but in winning the Ascot Gold Cup as a 
three-year-old, he did what only St. Simon and Marcion have done in the last 
thirty years, and he beat Flonzel If., Laodamia, Sir Visto, and Victor Wild. 

I ended my last chapter by speaking of the value of Irish horses. It would be 

VOL. III. E E 



662 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



difficult to quote two better modern instances than Galtee More and Ard Patrick. 
It was in 1894 that Mr. J. Gubbins first sent his horses to Beckhampton, the 
famous training stables of Mr. S, Darling, near Calne, in Wiltshire. Chiefly owing 
to the good material received from this source, Darling took second place in the 
list of winning trainers in 1897, when Galtee More won the Guineas, Derby, Leger, 
and four other races, worth .22,637 m a ^- ^ n ^98 Captain Greer's Wildfowler 
won the St. Leger from the same stables. In 1900 Darling turned out seventeen 
winners, and in the following season he did particularly well for Mr. Foxhall Keene, 
owner of Disguise II., winning the Oaks with Cap and Sells, while Sinopi and 
Olympiart put other good races to the credit of the establishment. In 1902 he 

did well with Port Blair, 
but of course his greatest 
triumph was with Ard 
Patrick, whose races 
with Sceptre at Epsom 
and elsewhere will never 
be forgotten by any 
one who saw them. It 
was a proof of Darling's 
skill that Ard Patrick, 
after being practically 
crippled by the bad 
going at Ascot in 1902, 
was got perfectly sound 
again in 1903, and won 

his great race with Sceptre and Rock Sand at Sandown. Count Lehndorff bought 
him for the German Government ; and soon afterwards, so pleased was that 
acutest of critics with the blood, that he bought Galtee More as well from the 
Russians ; so the same foreign country now enjoys the services of two of our 
best sires. In 1903 Darling was second on the winning list with 19,182, having 
horses under his care from Mr. Gubbins, Lord Ilchester, Mr. L. Robinson, Captain 
Greer, and Mr. G. Faber. 

Of Lord Rosebery it used to be said that he had made up his mind to win 
the Derby, marry an heiress, and become Prime Minister. If these wishes were 
expressed in his Eton days, the order of their importance is probably rightly given 




By permission of" Country Life," 



Melton." 



FAMOUS RACING STUDS OF THE LAST THIRTY YEARS. 



663 



here. But whether they be mere fables or no, they certainly became an accurate 
description of the facts ; and the first of them has occurred twice over already. Lord 
Rosebery was once heard to say, in connection, I think, with his second Derby 
victory, that the objections which some people had formed against his racing had 
lain dormant during the long period of his comparative failure on the Turf, but 
were roused to fury by his success. When it came, that success was certainly 
unquestionable, and much of it was owing to Matthew Dawson's training. Between 
1894 and 1898 inclusive, he owned Ladas, Sir Visto, and Velasquez, and won 
over ,76,000 in stakes. The stallions are now at the Durdans, and at the 
Crafton stud near Mentmore, where Seabreeze, that famous winner of Oaks and 
St. Leger, is among 
the brood mares, and 
Ladas looks one of the 
handsomest and most 
spirited of living stal- 
lions. The Durdans, 
where the collection 
of sporting pictures 




Hy permission of" Country Life." 



" Bend Or" at Eaton. 



that has illustrated so 
many of my pages is 
one of the best in the 
world, was once owned 
by Sir Gilbert Heath- 
cote, who won the 
Derby with Amato, 

and it is here that Lord Rosebery 's yearlings are kept, in the very atmosphere of 
Epsom racecourse, where that famous matron, Il/uminata, passed the last days 
of her twenty-sixth year close by them. 

When Lord Rosebery was asked to stand for the Chancellorship of Oxford 
University after Lord Salisbury's death, some opponents revived the obsolete 
romance that he had been sent down from Christchurch. The truth is that his 
first Ladas was doing well on the Turf as a two-year-old while his young owner 
was a member of the Bullingdon with Lord Randolph Churchill, Sir A. W. -Neeld, 
Sir George Chetwynd, Lord Ilchester, Sir W. Milner, and other good sportsmen. 
Dean Liddell was naturally cognisant of the fact of Ladas existence and ownership. 



664 



A HISTORY Of THE ENGLISH TURF. 



and thoroughly understood the advice given to Lord Rosebery that if he wished 
to continue racing it would be difficult to withdraw the horse. After Lord Rosebery 
had taken his own name off the books of the House, he remained a welcome guest 
for ever afterwards. 

That first Ladas did not prove the flyer he was expected to be, later on, 
and it was not till he owned Kennesse that Lord Rosebery got a really good one, 
though he won the Gimcrack Stakes in 1873 with Padoroshna. He has trained 
with James Dover at East Ilsley, where Achievement and Lord Lyon did their 

gallops ; with Robert Peck at Russley ; 
with Robert I'Anson at Epsom, who 
trained both sire and dam of the 
second Ladas; with Joseph Cannon at 
Newmarket ; with Matthew Dawson ; 
with the younger Walters ; and with 
Charles Wood at Jevington. In 1904 
Blackwell and Percy Peck were each 
training a selection of Lord Rose- 
mrngp j bery's racers. 1 know of no one else 

(Pr^xr alive now who has run two of his 

>*9 ^^mEi 

own Derby winners in the same race ; 
and with His Majesty, the Duke of 
Portland, Mr. Gubbins, and Sir James 
Miller, he was one of the five men 
alive in March, 1904, who had won 
the Derby twice. 

One of Ladas best sons, Epsom 
Lad, is, by the kindness of Mr. James 
Buchanan, reproduced in an engraving for this volume near that of his sire. It 
is in the good company of IsingLiss, Sf. Frusquin, Flying Fox, and Ard Patrick that 
Epsom Lad, a son of Disorder by Bend Or, stands among the few horses who 
have won both the Princess of Wales's Stakes and the Eclipse Stakes, but his 
win in the latter will always be remembered because his jockey's saddle slipped, 
and Gomez had to hold it on with one hand behind him while he finished with the 
other. How close the finish was may be seen in the instantaneous photograph 
preserved on p. xvii. of the preface to my first volume. It was a clever piece of 




From a pencil drawing by 
Jane E. Cook. 



The First Duke of 
Westminster. 



FAMOUS FACING STUDS OF THE LAST THIRTY YEARS. 



665 



balancing, but Mr. Charles Greenwood told me that it was no more wonderful than 

the way Malerba rode La Uruguay a round Tattenham Corner on a piece of cloth 

which was alone used to hold the stirrups, and finished second to Knight of the 

Thistle. Epsom Lad showed that day that hard ground had no terrors for him, 

and in spite of his often looking lame, his action on the turf was always perfect. 

Epsom Lad was trained by the South American Alvarez, and at Kempton he beat 

a brilliant field containing Volodyavski, Doriclts, William the Third, Santoi, and 

Merry Gal. As a yearling Epsom Lad was as nearly perfect as could be, and 

when he was entire he beat Diamond 

Jubilee. But though he did great 

things later on, and was quite the best 

gelding of recent years, he changed a 

good deal for the worse both in looks 

and temper after he had been added 

to the list. As one reason for racing 

is the improvement of the breed of 

horses, I have noted with interest 

that a new rule forbidding geldings 

from being qualified to be entered for 

the Derby has been passed while this 

book was progressing from its first 

volume to its last. The decision of 

the Jockey Club in the case of 

Marsden, in February, 1904, makes 

it clear that the Derby is in future 

to be limited to "entire colts at the 

time of starting." This is as it should 

be. In Black Sand (another bargain luckily picked up in 1900) Mr. Buchanan 

also owned a winner of the Cesarewitch in the second best time then known, and 

of the Jockey Club Cup, in which he gave William the Third 3lb. His deep 

sloping shoulders, strong coupling, short back, and muscular thighs are one result 

of his breeding, for this grandson of Hermit has Nc-wminster blood through Lord 

Clifden and Wenlock in his dam Sanda (the dam of Sainfoin}, while in the third 

remove Galnpin and S/ockwell are among the sires, and Seclusion (dam of Hermit}, 

Ftronia (dam of St. Serf and grand-dam of Ayrshire), Mineral (dam of Kisber), 




From a pencil drawing by 
Jane E. Cook. 



Fred Archer. 



666 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



and Lady Evelyn, an Oaks winner and the daughter of an Oaks winner, among 
the dams. He stands now at Marsh Green Farm, near Wycombe, but will shortly 
be sent to Mr. Buchanan's new stud farm at Lavington, in Sussex. 

Another example of good breeding is Amphion, who traces to Blacklock in male 
line, and is full of Tvuchstone blood. General T. E. Byrne, who bought him as 
a yearling, won ,22,980 in stakes, among which were the Kempton Park Jubilee 
Stakes (under 7st. lib. \ the Hardwicke Stakes (against Sainfoin, Nunthorpr, and 

Surefoof), and the Lancashire Plate 
at Manchester, in which he carried 
lost. 2lb. to victory against Memoir, 
Orion, Martagon, Orvieto, St. Serf, 
and others. Up to the end of 1902 
his get had won .45,155 in eight 
seasons, and he stands at the Compton 
Stud, founded in 1884 by Major \Y. 
H. Fife. Two good descendants of 
Galopin are under the care of Mr. 
Oliver Hudson at Mr. J. B. Joel's 
Northaw House Stud, in Sir Geoffrey 
and Bill of Portland, sons of St. 
Angela and St. Simon respectively. 
The latter was brought back from 
Australia, where he had done well 
with mares of Fisherman and Musket 
blood, and with the daughters of 
Trenton he should prove equally 
successful in England. 

Another sire who was brought back to England, after having proved his worth 
abroad, was Melton, who stands at Mr. Musker's Westerham Hill Stud, cared for 
by Mr. T. Handley, the training of the racing stock being confided to A. J. Gilbert 
at Green Lodge, Newmarket. Mat Dawson always believed in Melton's possibilities 
as a sire, and with reason, for he combines Beeswing through Newminster, with Alice 
Hawthorn through Thormanby, and Cobweb through Bay Middlcton, with Stockivell, 
Touchstone, and Venison thrown in. He won the Derby and the St. Leger, with 
close on ,20,000 in stake-money, before Lord Hastings sold him to Italy for 




The late Duke of Westminster leading 

in " Flying Fox " after the Eclipse 

Stakes. (M. Cannon up.) 



FAMOUS RACING STUDS OF THE LAST THIRTY YEARS. 



667 



,12,000, where his stock won all the best races. In spite of that, Mr. Musker 
can count up about ,35,000 from his stock under Jockey Club Rules since he 
returned to England, and he has had the rare distinction of living with a son 
of two winners of the Derby, for Orion, until recently his stud-companion, is by 
Btnd Or out of Shotover by Hermit, a pedigree that rings out like a battle-cry. 
Than Hermit's Derby, which he won after breaking a blood-vessel only ten days 
before, few more sensational races have ever been seen, and his stud career was 
almost as wonderful, for before he died in 1890 his get had won ^340,000; so 
that even Mr. Henry Chaplin, his owner, might well be excused for saying he 
was "the best friend I ever had." St. Blaise, besides Skotover, proved the 
value of his blood in the 
Derby, and his list of 
descendants shows such 
names as Tristan, The- 
bais, Alicante, Lonely, 
Peter, Timothy, Queen 
Adelaide, and many 
another good one. 

In earlier pages I 
have spoken of the 
prowess of Whitehall and 
the North. A pleasing- 
feature of the season of 
1903 was the bold front 
shown by Yorkshire and 
other trainers, the charges of William I'Anson and M. D. Peacock, in particular, 
having done well for Malton and Middleham respectively. It is to be hoped that 
the return of prosperity to those training centres is no mere flash in the pan, and 
that next season will see an even stronger reflection of the palmy days of Scott and 
Robert. Peacock won 27 races and I'Anson 24. W. Elsey captured no fewer than 
57 races for Lincolnshire, and Armstrong carried off 38 events for Cumberland. 
With a total of 58, W. Waugh, of Newmarket, only beat Elsey by one ; but Elsey 
had 36 winning horses, while Waugh scored with 28. McCall, of Westbarns and 
Gullane, was easily head of the Scotchmen with 35 victories. 

I suppose it would be difficult to find any stud that has so long a history or so 




From the painting by Harrington Jlirii in the 
possess! at: of Leopold de Kothschild, Esq. 



"Alicanie." 




668 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



great a record of success as that at Eaton, which I first mentioned in tracing the 
history of the Dukes of Westminster and the Grosvenor family in the eighteenth 
century. Its sires, from Pottos to Bend Or, have been as famous as they were 
efficient, and their noble company contains stars like Touchstone, Rhadamanthus, 
Doncaster, and Ormonde. The Grosvenor colours have won the Derby seven 
times, the Oaks nine times, and five St. Legers. The record prices connected 
with the stables are no reflection of their owners' methods, for none could race 
more heartily for the love of the sport alone ; but they are strong indications of 
the value of its stock. Ormonde brought ,30,000 as a sire. Flying Fox was 

bought by M. Edmond 

-^- 

Blanc for jf 39,375, and 

there was a regular 
groan of disappoint- 
ment at Kingsclere 
when this fine de- 
scendant of Stockivell 
passed into foreign 
hands. As the hammer 
went down, Mr. Tat- 
tersall could remember, 
as one of his earliest 




From the painting in the possession 
\of Leopold lie Kolhschild, Esq. 



' Mr. Avon's" " Sir Bevys^' with 

George Ford/iam, winner of 

the Derby 0/1879. 



recollections of racing, 
the remarkable sale at 
Middle Park, Eltham. 
in July, 1872, when 
Blair A (hoi, son of Stockwell and Blink Bonny, and sire of Prince Charlie, was 
preserved for this country at what was then the record price of 12,500 guineas, 
by the Cobham Stud Company. The first Duke's horses in training sold, at 
his death, for ,73,962, all nineteen of them descended from Doncaster ; and his 
twelve Eaton-bred yearlings fetched the amazing figure of .45,465, the highest 
single price being the record of 10,000 guineas for the yearling Sceptre, who 
thoroughly justified Mr. Sievier's confidence in her powers. The sale at which 
Sceptre passed out of the Eaton stud has perhaps only been equalled in interest 
by that of Lord Falmouth when Mr. Phillips bought Galliard for 3,000 guineas, 
after the Mereworth-bred son of Prince Bathyany's beloved Galopin had won close 



FAMOUS RACING STUDS OF THE LAST THIRTY YEARS. 



669 



on ,11,000 in six out of eight races, in spite of being beaten by St. Blaise for 
the Derby. He died in Germany in 1903. Bend Or is dead as well, the last 
survivor of the memorable Derby victory of 1880, when Fred Archer rode the 
winner, Robert Peck trained him, and the first Duke of Westminster owned him. 
Before three and twenty years had gone they all had passed away. The splendid 
old stallion was being exercised as usual in the Park at Eaton, when he stopped 
in his walk and quietly put his head on his attendant's shoulder, as if to say 
Good-bye, and then laid down and died like the gentleman he was, as sound as a 
bell to the end. Within a month after his death his get had won close upon 
^170,000 in the United Kingdom, and his mares, the most successful matrons in 
the Stud Book, had even 
more than that to the 
credit of their winning 
offspring. His head, one 
of the most beautiful I 
ever saw, was sent to 
the British Museum of 
Natural History. 

The only son of the 
invincible Ormonde (save 
Orme] left in this country 
in 1904 was Glemvood, a 
dark bay stallion at Mr. 
Mclntyre's Theakston 
Hall Stud, not far from 
the historic soil of Middleham, High Moor, and Wensleydale. Here he stands 
with Tarporley, by Si. Simon ; Queens Birthday, grandson of Spectdum, but of the 
true Weatlierbit and Rosicrucian type ; Best Man, a second edition of Melton, 
though described as "by Ormonde or Melton;" and Chvyd ; together with over 
forty brood mares. 

Almost as famous as the golden straw of the Duke of Westminster, or Lord 
Falmouth's magpie jacket, has been the blue and yellow of the house of Rothschild 
on the English Turf, and the rise and progress of that famous family yield nothing 
in the romance of fortune to the traditions of the Grosvenors. The Rothschild 
family began their successes on the Turf by winning a Hunter's Stakes worth ,65 

VOL. III. F F 




By permission of" Country Life." 



Mr. L. de Rothschild's 
"Si. Frusquin" 



6;o 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



at the Gorhambury Meeting with a chestnut gelding named Consul. Protest over- 
ruled. The meeting does not sound important now ; but Lord Verulam had laid 
out the course, and among those present were the Dukes of Rutland and Dorset, 
the Marquises of Exeter and Anglesea, and the Earls of Chesterfield, Jersey, and 
Uxbridge. Many a good horse has carried the " dark blue, yellow cap " since Consul 
won. But the statue of King Tom, now at Mentmore, which I reproduce on page 
490, preserves the memory of one of the stoutest of them all. He was second 
in the Derby of 1854, as King Alfred was in 1868, and Baron Rothschild also 
ran second and third to Fille de I' Air in the Oaks of 1864, and third in 1865 
to Regalia, with Zephyr, the dam of Favonius. But his delight when Tormentor 

won the Oaks in 1866, 
chiefly roused by the 
success of a daughter of 
King Tom, was trebled 
when Hippia, another 
daughter, secured the 
same trophy for him- 
self, and beat Colonel 
Pearson's brilliant mare 
Achievement, who was 
evidently not herself, 
for she ran a dead 
heat for second with 
so moderate a filly as 
Romping Girl. In 1871 

the Palace Stables at Newmarket, presided over by Hayhoe, had a wonderful year, 
for " Baron Meyer " won the Thousand Guineas, the Oaks, and the Leger right off 
the reel with Hannah by King Tom, who had also sired Kingcraft, the Derby winner 
of the year before ; Favonius and Tom French secured the Derby ; Corisande and 
Maidment won the Cesarewitch. No wonder " Follow the Baron " is a watchword 
of the Turf that will live as long in history as the "superb groan " of Lord George 
Bentinck, or the "blue ribbon" of Disraeli. Among other notable victories were 
the Royal Hunt Cup with Jasper in 1867, the Ascot Stakes with Hippolyta and 
Tomato in 1864 and 1865, five victories in the Woodcote Stakes at Epsom, the 
Goodwood Cup with Favonius in 1872, and the Alexandra Plate at Ascot with 




"Derides" (1898) by " Florizel If." 



FAMOUS RACING STUDS OF THE LAST THIRTY YEARS. 671 

Restitution in 1869. The fact that Baron Lionel kept his horses with his brother, 
Baron Meyer, who was a tremendous power upon the British Turf, led to some slight 
confusion now and then, and Baron Lionel raced under the assumed name of " Mr. 
Acton." His best colt was Sir Bevys by Favonius out of Lady Langden, who won 
the Derby of 1879. It was in some ways worthy of so notable a centenary, that this 
year should have given George Fordham, one of the finest jockeys who ever rode in 
it, his only Derby win ; though not until Palmbearer, who started at 100 to i, looked 
like fighting for the first place with Visconti, who was afterwards sold for 70 guineas. 

In 1880 the famous "dark blue and yellow " passed worthily into the hands of 
Mr. Leopold de Rothschild, who has stoutly upheld the honour and the popularity 
of his house ever since a popularity which is firmly based on the fact that they have 
invariably "run straight." The scene that followed the victory of Favonius was 
quite as boisterously enthusiastic, in the opinion of those who saw all three, as that 
which greeted the more modern victories of the Prince of Wales or Lord Rosebery ; 
indeed, the delighted crowd seemed bent on carrying home portions of the anatomy 
either of the Baron or of his thoroughbred as cheerful souvenirs of the great occasion. 
It is a touch of that irony of fate which sometimes lights on even the most fortunate 
that the only year in which the triumph of another horse was more eagerly looked for 
than that of " Mr. Leopold's" nomination, was the year in which, with St. Frusquin, 
he came nearest to winning the blue ribbon that has not yet rewarded his sportsman- 
like persistence. That St. Frusquin was practically the same horse as Persimmon 
is shown by the fact that he beat him, another Derby winner, and a Two 
Thousand winner, when he wound up his career in the Princess of Wales 's Stakes, 
and was in receipt of 3lb. from the Royal colt. Certainly no gamer horse than he 
and I should like to add William the Third have been saddled of late years ; 
and his breakdown before Persimmons St. Leger was perhaps compensated for his 
owner by the victory of Doricles later on. In 1898 Mr. Leopold de Rothschild 
headed the list of winning owners with ,30,267, and among his other successful 
horses were Fosco, Goletta (Princess of Wales's Stakes), St. Gris, Jaquemart, 
Tridtnt, Sacripant, and Pom Pom. In St. Amant he owned a two-year-old of the 
greatest promise in 1903, with whom every one looked forward to seeing him at 
last win the Derby. Few names are more respected in the racing world than that 
of the Rothschilds. 



CHAPTER XXII. 
" 'SCEPTRE' WINS ! " 

" Now to conclude and end my song, it is the sportsman's list, 
And when you come your gold to sport don't let Beeswing be missed. 
May fortune smile upon her now and on her steps attend, 
So now, my jolly sportsman, my song is at an end." 

T STARTED this book with the consideration that 1900 was a good year from 
which to take a glance back at ancient Turf history with a view of determining 
in some measure the manner of our progress towards the future. No one could 
have imagined, at the time my first volume was planned, that so great a gap would 
have been created between the year 1904 and all its predecessors. The recent 
deaths of so many staunch supporters of the English Turf, among whom Lord 
Alington was in his day one of the most prominent, have indeed made a history 
of racing up to this time appropriate, in a far sadder sense than I had ever 
contemplated. Even in 1903 alone England lost in Lord Salisbury a Prime 
Minister whose views on sport were as tolerant, as broad minded, and as honourable 
as they were in every other department of his distinguished public career ; and we 
also had to mourn the loss of John Dawson, the trainer of Galopin and Petrarch ; 
of Harrison, the jockey of Victor Wild ; of Sir John Blundell Maple, who owned 
one of the largest thoroughbred studs in existence; of Mr. H. Nugent, one of 
our foremost gentleman-riders ; of the sixth Duke of Richmond and Gordon, 
senior member of the Jockey Club ; of Prince Soltykoff, who came to England 
for a few months' visit, and raced there for five and forty years ; of Lord 
Colville of Culross, member of the Jockey Club and the Royal Yacht Squadron ; 
of Mr. Forrest Tod, owner of Csardas ; of W. J. Innes, whose charity and 
uprightness were as well known on the Turf as in the smaller world of Elect 
Street ; ot the Hon. Cecil Howard, the capable manager of several racing 
studs ; and of William Wilson (brother of the famous E. P. Wilson), who 



: SCEPTRE ' WINS ! ' 



67 



73 



trained Roquefort and Volupttiary for the Grand National. In the spring of 1904 
the world of steeplechasing lost one of its best amateur riders in Captain the 
Hon. R. Ward. Earlier in that year died Mr. William C. Whitney in New York, 
a generous supporter of the Turf, both in England and in his native country, 
where his name will ever be connected with such first-rate sires as Hamburg and 
Meddler. He secured a high place in the records of English Racing, not only as 
having twice won the Cambridgeshire, with Watershed and Ballantrae, but as having 
leased from Lady Meux, after the death of Lord William Beresford, Volodyovski, 

the winner of the Derby of 1901, who only lost the Leger owing to his jockey. 

That Derby was memorable in several ways. There was a big field, and it was 
the first time the Start- 
ing-gate was used at 

i 

Epsom. The white flag- 
went up at 3.22, and 
they got away at 3.38. 
Among the horses 
beaten by the favourite 
were Florifonu, Handi- 
capper. Revenue, Ian, 
]]'i Ilia in the Third, 
Doriclcs, l } ietennaritz- 
bnrg, Royal Rongc, 
Olympian, Tantalus, 
Orchid, St. Mac/on, 
Lord Hobs, Cottager, 

Veles, ]'eronesc, Wargrave, and Osbock. The time was 2.40+ sees., a record for 
the race. Of Mr. Whitney's American horses, by far the best and most beautiful 
was Elizabeth M., daughter of the English-bred Watercress. 

The death of H.R. H. the Duke of Cambridge in March, 1904, broke one of 
the last links between the modern Turf and the generation which had seen Lord 
George Bentinck's races. 

In 1902 died Mr. Edward Weatherby, who had not long previously completed 
a protracted tenure of his hereditary office of keeper of the Match Book and 
Secretary to the Jockey Club, which made him an honorary member when he was 
succeeded by his son ; Joseph Enoch, the well-known trainer ; Mr. W. H. Langley, 




" Cap and Bells //." (1898) by "Domino." 



674 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



who as " Pavo " had been widely read and respected in the sporting world; and 
Earl Fitzwilliam, who was racing in 1837 with Mulatto, and ran Ignoramus fifth in 
Imperieuses St. Leger. His annual Post Match with Lord Falmouth at Doncaster 
was quite a popular institution, and the rivalry grew all the keener after Lord 
Falmouth 's second son had married Lord Fitzwilliam 's third daughter. The last 
race he won was the New Nursery at the Houghton Meeting with Spring Jack, who 
was by Springfield from Lord Falmouth's Dutch Oven. In the same year we lost 
John Watts, who steered Foxhall in the Cambridgeshire ; won the Derby on Merry 




" Volodyovski" (1898) by " Florizel //." 

Hampton, Sainfoin, Ladas, and Persimmon ; the Oaks on Bonny Jean, Miss Jitmmy, 
L Abbesse de Jouarre, Memoir, and Mrs. Butterwick ; and the St. Leger with Ossian, 
The Lambkin, Memoir, La Fleche, and Persimmon. The day following Watts' 
death, Lord Gerard breathed his last. He had been elected to the Jockey Club 
in 1876, but sold Pilgrimage before her victories in the Guineas, and owned 
Sweetbread, Crafton, S/. Medard, and Macaroon, among others. Mr. R. H. Fry 
died at the end of the year, one of the best-known and most respected bookmakers 
in England, who paid out ,40,000 over Alicante s Cambridgeshire, and ,45,000 



"'SCEPTRE' WINS!" 



675 



to one man when Comedy was successful. Himself the very, embodiment of fair 
dealing, he had enormous sums standing as bad debts in his books, and his charity 
was unending, not only in Dulwich, but for the hospital in Reel Lion Square, which 
he had practically created. But two other names, even more famous than those 
already given, were on the same year's fatal roll those of Captain Machell and 
of Colonel Harry McCalmont. These cannot be passed over with so slight a 
mention. 

Captain James Octavius Machell was born in 1838 at Beverley, in Yorkshire, 
and the love for horseflesh he absorbed with his native air is reflected in the 
fact that he retired from the 29th Regiment in 1863, either because he could 
not get leave to see the 
St. Leger, or because 
it was ordered to India, 
and he thought he 
could "do better at 
home." At the First 
Spring Meeting of 1864 
he had already made 
his mark by winning 
the Prince of Wa'les's 
Handicap Stakes of 
,1,140 (and a bet of 
,5,000 to ;ioo) with 
his Irish colt Bacchus. 
One of his first appear- 
ances at Newmarket was when he beat Captain Chad wick in a hundred yards 
foot-race over the Severals at Newmarket. Sir John Astley was an appro- 
priate spectator of a contest that recalled the old days as vividly as did 
" The Mate's " own match with Mr. Alexander. I have reproduced Sir John's 
portrait from Millais' painting, by the courtesy of his son ; but I have been 
glad to add to it the characteristic figure of "The Mate" on Drumhead, 
6 yrs., i6st. 6lb., when he beat Mr. Alexander on Briglia, i6st., for 500 
sovereigns, over a mile and a half at Newmarket in July, 1879. It is a figure 
which will not only recall a beloved friend to many, but which is typical of an 
old and breezily sportsmanlike regime that seems to be passing away ; just as 




"EKzabethM? (1898, U.S.A.}. 



6;6 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



" Mr. Manton," the Dowager Duchess of Montrose, used to remind us of the 
racing ladies of the past, and all they have meant in the annals of the English 
Turf. Throughout those annals it would be difficult to find a stronger or more 
characteristic figure than that of Captain Machell, who seemed to have grafted 
his own strong, individual peculiarities on to the eccentric, manly soul of Admiral 
Rous himself. Not only bodily activity (he could once jump, standing, from the 
floor to firm footing-on a high mantelpiece), but persistent courage, both physical and 
moral, were his strong points, at his best. One proof of that was the picture of 

Crackenthorpe, the Westmoreland 
home of his family, which hung in 
his study at Newmarket, inscribed 
"Rebuilt by Hugh Machell (1689), 
sold by Lancelot Machell (1786), 
repurchased by James O. Machell 
(1877) ;" and if he was proud of the 
old cognisance of " three greyhounds 
courant," he was even prouder of the 
ancestor who had been chaplain to 
the Merry Monarch ; and he loved 
every inch of ground in Newmarket. 
As his lifelong friend, Lord Calthorpe, 
used to say, he could never pass even 
a herd of ponies without stopping to 
appraise the best, and the number of 
friends whose horses he trained and 
managed at Bedford Cottage has 
rarely been equalled in the long 
tale of Newmarket's racing stables. The Marquis of Hastings refused to take 
Mr. Tattersall's advice, and so it was Mr. Chaplin who bought Hermit at 
the Middle Park Sale of yearlings. The Captain had become associated with 
Mr. Chaplin in 1865, and it was because Lord Calthorpe told Mr. Chaplin that 
it would be "not fair to Jem Machell," that Hermit was not scratched for the 
Derby after the blood-vessel broke in his head. It is strange that Custance, 
having been given up, at Captain Hawksley's earnest entreaties, to Mr. Pryor, 
found that his new mount, The Rake, had broken a blood-vessel as well. But 




By pennission of 
" Country Life." 



The Duchess of Montrose 
(" Mr. Manton "). 



' SCEPTRE' WINS!" 



677 



that was on the lungs. Captain Machell did not win very largely over the 

race, though he repeatedly begged Lord Hastings to hedge the enormous sums 

that reckless nobleman stood to lose, and Hermit, ^\f\\om he always considered 

delicate and difficult to train, was his favourite up to that time ; but he thought 

Blinkhoolie his best stayer, and Sir Joseph Hawley considered Vespasian the 

fastest he had ever seen. He trained for the late Lord Lonsdale, the late Lord 

Aylesford, the late Duke of Beaufort, Sir Charles Legard, General Owen Williams, 

Mr. J. B. Leigh, Sir John Willoughby, Mr. Warren de la Rue, Lord Rodney, 

Mr. C. F. Blake, the Duchess of 

Montrose (Mr. Manton), and others. 

Timothy had been often beaten in the 

scarlet jacket ; but when the Captain 

bought him for Mr. McCalmont, he 

almost immediately landed the Gold 

Cup and the Alexandra Plate at 

Ascot. The Duchess of Montrose 

naturally felt this was bad luck, 

and she was heard to murmur, as 

she approached the weighing-room : 

" Two important races, and I 
haven't won a penny ! They may 
go scot-free here, but One Above 
will surely punish them ! " \Vhen 
he had had control of Colonel 
McCalmont's horses, Captain Machell 
could boast of having secured all the 
classic races in his time, among them 
the Two and One Thousand victories of Pilgrimage, Harvesters dead heat with 
St. Gatien, Kilwarliris St. Leger, Seabreeze's St. Leger and Oaks, besides four 
Grand Nationals with Disturbance, Reugny, Regal, and Seaman, and scores of 
handicaps. 

From 1864 to his death Captain Machell won 540 races worth _iio,oio in his 
own name ; but it was of course with Isinglass that his greatest successes were 
associated ; and as the wonderful record of this splendid horse has never been 

beaten, it may well be tabulated here. He ran twelve times, and only once failed, 

VOL. III. G G 




liv permission of Sir 
' F. Astley Carbctl. 



Sir John Aslley <w 'Drumhead " 
(6yrs., i6st. 616.) 



678 A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 

when he was asked to give iclb. to Raeburn in the Lancashire Plate. His 
eleven victories were 

i 

1892. T\vo-Year-Old Plate ' 196 j 1894. Princess of Wales's Stakes 10,911 

., New Stakes, Ascot ... 2,006 j Eclipse Stakes ... 9,285 



Middle Park Plate ... 2,375 

1893. Two Thousand Guineas ... ... 4,250 

Newmarket Stakes ... ... ... 3,795 

,, Derby 5,515 

St. Leger ... 5,300 



Jockey Club Stakes... 11,302 

1895. Gold Cup, Ascot ... 2,520 

Total ... ,57,455 



It was indeed hard luck on Mr. C. D. Rose that his Ravensbury should have 
been born in the same year, apparently for the sole purpose of running second 
invariably to the bay colt by Isonomy out of Deadlock, a mare who was bought by 
Captain Machell for nineteen sovereigns from the late Lord Alington, sold once more 
by him, until the value of her colt, Gervas, was discovered, and most luckily got 
back again out of a farmer's light cart in exchange for a colt by Marvellous. She 
was sold to Mr. McCalmont with Islington at foot for ,500, and her next foal 
was Isinglass. Lord Alington 's only consolation must have been that it was by 
Captain Machell's advice that Fusee had been sent to Hermit, with the result of 
St. Blaise. 

It took a long time for Newmarket, and the rest of the world, to appreciate 
how good Isinglass was, because, like many another of the very best, he was very 
lazy by temperament, and not only objected to home gallops, but even to making 
his own running in a race. Even for the Princess of Wales's Stakes he actually 
went to the post a less fancied chance than Ravensbury, and 9 to i could be got 
about him, says Mr. Sydenham Dixon. Some time afterwards Colonel McCalmont 
said to Mr. John Corlett : "You were the first man I ever heard say he would 
win the Derby. Come over to the coach, and we will celebrate it." And away they 
went. 

The racing world has rarely felt so sudden and so deep a shock as when the 
news came that Harry McCalmont had died with appalling suddenness, by heart 
failure, just as he was leaving the hall of his house in St. James's Square, at the 
early age of forty-one. Born on the day when Kettledrum won the Derby, he 
seemed destined early to success in sport, and the large fortune he inherited enabled 
him to give his instincts full play. He stroked the Eton eight at Henley in 1880, 
and rowed in the Kingston crew for the Grand Challenge. Like many another 
lover of horses he was an enthusiastic yachtsman, and his "Giralda" was sold to 



' ' ' SCEPTRE ' WINS ! " 



679 



Spain on the outbreak of the Cuban War. After leaving the Guards in 1887, 
he was appointed to the 6th (Militia) Battalion ot the Royal Warwickshire, the 
first to volunteer, at the end of 1899, for active service in South Africa, where 
he commanded them, and was invalided home from Bloemfontein with a military 
C.B. and the medal with 
two clasps. During his 
absence at the front he 
was re-elected Member of 
Parliament for the New- 
market Division, and in 
his last session he moved 
the Address in answer 
to the King's Speech. 
Some years before, he 
had bought the Cheveley 
estate from the Duke of 
Rutland, and rebuilt the 
whole mansion on the 
original Jacobean lines 
with its old stone-flagged 
terrace; while just beyond 
'the Ditch" he organised 
upon the Links Farm 
a steeplechase course, 
stands, and paddock com- 
plete. Little more than a 
fortnight before his death 
his St. Macloii had won 
the Manchester Novem- 
ber Handicap, after hav- 
ing beaten Sceptre by a 
head in the Lincolnshire Handicap under 7st. i2lb., thus scoring a remarkably 
meritorious Double Event which is not likely to be frequently repeated. This 
fine horse, by St. Simon out of Mimi by Barcaldine, was sent to the stud in his 
sixth year. Twice he beat the Derby winner of his year, once the St. Leger 




From the painting by Millais in the possession 
of Sir F. As/ley Corbett. 



Sir John Astley 
("The Mate"}. 



68o 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



winner, and once the St. Leger and Oaks winner of 1902. Colonel McCalmont's 
light blue and scarlet quartered jacket, white cap, was first registered in 1888, and 
he began well by winning at Ascot with Timothy, bought from " Mr. Manton " 
for 4,000 guineas. Four years afterwards Isinglass appeared in a Maiden Plate 
at the Newmarket Second Spring Meeting, "a smart plater," as he was then 
modestly called by James Jewitt, with whom Colonel McCalmont trained until his 
retirement from ill health brought in Captain Beatty. The excitement when Isinglass 
won the Eclipse Stakes of 1894 will not easily be forgotten, nor will so valuable 
a field of seven as that which contained him, Ladas, Ravensbury, Raeburn, and 
Throstle often be seen again. After that, 1902 was Colonel McCalmont's next 

best season, and in the 
i 

last year of his life the 

victories of Rising Glass, 
St. Maclon, and others 
brought his stakes up 
to ^18,114, which was 
better than Sir Blundell 
Maple, and only beaten 
by Sceptres owner. No 
doubt St. Maclou and 
William the Third wre 
the best four-year-olds 
of their day in training. 
Isinglass, too, did equally 
well for him at the stud, 
for it was only by St. Simon and Persimmon that his figures of ,27,826 were 
beaten in the list of winning sires in 1902, and that good stallion's record at 
Cheveley Stud contained such winners as Vain Duchess, Veles, Star Shoot, Sweet 
Sounds, Glass Jiig, Rising Glass, Glasalt, The Scribe, and John o Gaunt. Lord 
Howard de Walden made a capital beginning to a promising racing career by 
securing some wise purchases from the McCalmont stud and training them with 
Captain Beatty. 

Very little less than a year after Harry McCalmont passed away, died Prince 
Soltykoff, a man known far longer at Newmarket, who never achieved anything 
like his younger rival's successes, but who never failed for want of trying. Born 




By permission of" Country Life." 



^ Ravensbury^ 



"'SCEPTRE' WINS!" 



68 1 



in 1828, he was descended from a Russian Field Marshal, who got the title by 
beating no less a man than Frederick the Great. After himself taking part in 
the campaign before Silistria, he came to Newmarket, and soon showed that he 
had not won thirteen out of fifteen races in one meeting at Moscow for nothing. 
About his earliest success must have been the Queen's Vase at Plymouth, and 
three years afterwards he was elected to the Jockey Club, as its first Russian 
member, and celebrated the occasion by winning the Portland Plate of 1867. 
His best horses were Tibthorpe, Sheen, Balfe, Ttmrio (Grand Prix), Lucetta 
(Cambridgeshire), and Gold (Ascot Cup). Though he ran second for both One 
Thousand and Oaks, with Argo Navis, to Miss fummy, his nearest thing to a 
classic victory was when 
his Sun Rose was hung- 
up in the starting-gate 
for the One Thousand 
of 1903, and was only 
beaten by a length and 
a half, protest disallowed, 
because (ran the official 
answer) it was made 
too late. Apparently it 
reached the stewards six- 
teen minutes (instead of 
a quarter of an hour) 
after the race. Much as 
every one regretted this, 
few realised it would be the Prince's last chance. His hospitalities at Kremlin 
Lodge, whence he used often to walk across in his slippers to Lag-range House 
to see the thoroughbreds, will be much missed at Newmarket, which has had 
so many losses to bear of late. It was old Torn Jennings who trained Sheen 
for him for the Cesarewitch, which he won under gst. sib., the highest weight 
ever carried successfully in this race. 

1 he case of Sun fiose brought Prince Soltykoff's name into prominence in 
connection with the discussion as to the advisability of the starting-gate. Into that 
discussion I do not propose to go very far, because the gate itself will probably 
disappear before the arguments about it have ceased. It was tried in the United 







" Goletta " (1894) by " Galopin" 



682 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



States, where it had the best possible chances of success, and has already been 
replaced by an electric bell. Almost every other country seemed to possess a better 
pattern than that hitherto used in England, where the anxiety of the authorities 
to prevent the undoubted tediousness often occasioned by the old starting with the 
Hag seemed to blind them to the fact that in introducing a machine for the starter 
they had not changed the thoroughbred horse into a piece of machinery as well. 
Trainers were firmly admonished to teach their youngsters to face the gate. Many 
of them succeeded so well that breeders began, to complain that good animals were 
being beaten by inferior two-year-olds, who had learned the knack of getting off 
at once. But when these same clever quadrupeds got their trainers into trouble 

in their next season, it 
became clear that it was 
rather the fault of the 
horse than the man, and 
that many animals would 
not face the gate at all. 

, vi. The Rule of Racing ran 

f tfl A / 

1 that 'horses must be 










" Caiman" (1896, U.S.A.) 



started from a walk." 
The machine introduced 
the alteration that they 
" must be started from a 
stand," from a stationary 
pivot into a racing gal- 
loping stride within a 

second, a feat which very few indeed were able to accomplish so successfully as 
Simdridge usually did. The result of this inability is a loss of three-quarters 
of a length in the first few strides, and four or five lengths in a hundred yards, 
an almost impossible handicap on courses like Epsom and Brighton. I should 
not like to say that the alteration was due to no successor to Mr. McGeorge 
and his authoritative flag having been forthcoming, though he was certainly a 
man whom no one could have excelled as a starter. Very few animals indeed 
will stand, like Rock Sand as a three-year-old, with their nose on the webbing- 
waiting contentedly for the lever. If the gate has to be used at all, it must be 
improved, for such a fiasco as that of the Wokingham Stakes at Ascot is not 



" ' SCEPTRE ' WINS ! " 



683 



pleasant to look back upon. The starter must have a high and a much longer 
platform, parallel for thirty yards with the course. He should be able to give the 
signal without any movement on his part being noticeable at all, at any place on that 
platform. He should be connected by electric wire with an advance flag, and by 
telephone with the stewards or the judge's box. The horses should enter the rails 
thirty or forty yards before the starting-post, and walk up to it under the direction of 
the starter, who could send them off whenever he pleased, as soon as he saw them 
well in line, before they got close up to the gate. Unless this is done which is 
improbable the starting-gate must disappear. 

Not the least of the many losses which Newmarket has had to bear of late 
was that involved by 
the death of Sir J. 
Blundell Maple, a few 
weeks after he had been 
elected to the Jockey 
Club. He first raced 
in 1 88 1 as "Mr. Child- 
wick," with Humphreys 
at Lambourne, who pre- 
pared one really good 
horse for him in Sara- 
band. In 1887, after 
purchasing the place, he 
installed Percy Peck as 
his trainer at Falmouth 

House, the handsome villa poor Fred Archer used for so short a time. The 
lavish way he raced may be gathered from the fact that in 1903, his last season, 
W. Waugh, then his private trainer at Newmarket, had forty-five animals ready, 
and twenty-six of them won fifty-one races worth _ 13,810 ios., the best being 
Nabot, Lord Bobs, Divorce Court, Queens Holiday, Kitty wick, Vidame, Childwickbury, 
Girton Girl, Simony, and Neiosboy, one of the fastest two-year-olds of the season. 
By 1890 the "white and gold stripes, claret cap" were registered in the name 
of Mr. Blundell Maple, and he transferred his nont de guerre of "Childwick" to 
Sir Tatton Sykes's yearling, which he purchased at what was then the record 
price of 6,000 guineas. After a fine career on the Turf and at the stud, Childunck 




" Chelandry" (1894) by " Goldfinch? 



684 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



was sold to France, where he sired La Camargo, the only mare across the Channel, 
except Kincsem, who can be compared with Sceptre. Sir Blundell bought Royal 
Hampton from Mr. William Blenkiron's famous Middle Park Stud, who has been the 
sire of such good ones as Court Ball, Kirkconnel, Marriott, Omladina, Forfarshire, 
Prince Hampton, Royal Lancer, Girt on Girl, and Queen's Holiday. He was by 
Hampton, son of Lord Clifden and sire of the three Derby winners, Ayrshire, 
Ladas, and Merry Hampton. But of course the most famous of the stallions at 
the great Childwick Stud Farm, near St. Albans, one of the biggest racing 
establishments in the world, was Common, who has not yet done all at the stud 
that his Turf record and his splendid conformation might have led his purchaser 

to expect, but is already 
the sire of Osbech, Nun 
Nicer, Barn Dance, 
Claret, Cottager, Compli- 
ment, Aliwal, The Bis/top, 
Simony, Newsboy, and 
others. Among other 
good horses owned and 
raced by Sir Blundell 
were Saraband, Siffleuse 
(One Thousand), Bal- 
moral, Priestess, Minting 
Queen, Kirkconnel (Two 
Thousand), Simons Bay, 
The Owl, A r deer, Cossack, 
that splendid-looking animal Lord Bobs, and Mackintosh, one of the best of 
Florizel II. 's wonderful first year's produce. His magnificent stud farm under 
the control of Alec Waugh, was but one evidence of Sir Blundell's whole-souled 
devotion to the thoroughbred, and to the best interests of the English Turf 
and of his country. After nineteen years, he headed the winning owners in 1901, 
with forty-four horses in training, and ^21,370 as the result of his fifty-three 
victories, which brought his record up to ,154,000 in 420 races at that date. 
His conscientiousness may be judged from the reply he sent to an offer from Vienna 
of ^"21,000 within a week after he had purchased Isonomys son for ,15,000: 
"Thanks for offer. The English Turf requires Commons services. Money will not 




Mr. Hugh Owen at the starting-gate 



" ' SCEPTRE ' WINS!" 



685 



tempt me." Between 1881 and 1902 inclusive, the Duke of Portland won ,244,153 
in 266 races, with half shares deducted in such cases as Amiable, La Roche, 
St. Aldegonde, and others. From 1883 to 1902 inclusive, Sir J. Blundell Maple 
won no less than 487 races, a record which the house of Rothschild is alone 
likely to surpass; but he only scored ,171,808 in stake-money. As member 
for the Dulwich Division of Camberwell, Sir Blundell drew attention in Parliament 
to the mismanagement of the horse supply sent out to the South African War, 
and every word he said was more than vindicated by the revelations that were 
published later concerning the Re- 
mount Department. His stud farm 
contained no less than seven stallions, 
sixty-nine brood mares, and twenty- 
eight foals when I saw it two months 
before his death. It is sad to think 
that so concentrated an opportunity 
for the permanent benefit for horse- 
breeding should not have been in 
some way preserved intact for the 
nation their owner served so well. 
He was as sincerely mourned in the 
Newmarket and St. Albans districts 
as in those parts of London where 
his commercial prosperity and fine 
business instincts meant so much to 
the enormous number who depended 
on the great firm of which he was 
the head. 

In drawing attention to the question of remounts. Sir Blundell Maple did very 
real service ; for those who object to the Turf on principle have had a very powerful 
weapon put into their hands by the utter failure of this country to produce enough 
horses for a sudden crisis. Supporters of English racing had hitherto loudly asserted 
that it was racing alone which kept up the English breed of horses. They had 
pointed to the facts that in 1813 there were barely 800 horses running on the flat, 
whereas we began the twentieth century with over 4,000 in 1901. Yet the country 
does not seem to have benefited by this, if the remount statistics are to be believed ; 

VOL. III. H H 




'..' 



By permission of 
" Country Life," 



Sir J. Blundell Maple. 



686 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



ri 



and the Turf would not seem to have been richer to any impartial observer who 
noticed that out of the enormous number of English thoroughbreds foaled in 1900, 
only seven were good enough to go to the post for the Derby of 1903, six of whom 
were beaten by a Frenchman. France, in fact, certainly seems to have produced 
more stayers than we do at the present time, if the records of Ascot may be taken 
as a sound indication. One reason for this is that in France and in other foreign 
countries breeding for remounts is taken to be the first important matter ; racing 
comes only second. We have not gained, I believe, by reversing the process. Not 
a penny is contributed by the State or by the public purse to the Derby, St. Leger, 
Two Thousand! One Thousand, Oaks, Eclipse Stakes, or Jockey Club Stakes. In the 

corresponding races in 
France, on the other 
hand, the total prize- 
money of ,43,700 is 
almost entirely solid 
cash, which the winning 
owners can put into 
their pockets without 

^.^ ~ , . . having previously dis- 

bursed it. That part 
of this prize - money 
comes to the French 
Government through 
the percentage it exacts 
on the " Totalisator " 

betting machines has no bearing on the argument. All public money distributed by 
a Government can eventually be traced to individual sources. But a Prime Minister 
does not call upon every member of his Government to put down so much out of his 
pocket towards the official salaries. In France, the ten per cent, share of the total 
"pari mutuel " receipts which goes to the State Breeding Studs, amounted in 1903 
to nearly ,100,000, and charitable institutions benefited by double that sum, a 
result which immediately induced the Kaiser to initiate similar arrangements on the 
German Turf, with the single aim of encouraging German breeding. It should be 
remembered, too, that racing Expenses have steadily increased in England of late, 
not merely from the spectator's point of view, but more especially from that of the 





By permission of" Country Life." 



" Prince Hampton." 



SCEPTRE' WINS!' 



687 



owner. Mr. Frank Gardner, for example, who had a very fair share of luck, 
sold off the whole of the large racing stud he kept at Foxhall in Wiltshire, 
as he found the balance was invariably on the wrong side. In France, however, 
his expenses were not much more than a third of what they had been, and the 
prizes to be won were more substantial. Newmarket establishments such as those 
lately left vacant by Sir J. Blundell Maple, Prince Soltykoff, Mr. W. C. Whitney, or 
Mr. J. R. Keene, cannot be run on much less than ,7,000 a year, and there are not 
so many men nowadays who care to risk that amount on so uncertain a pursuit. 
The fact that English owners no longer bet as they used to do should it may 
be imagined enable them easily to contribute what they are asked by the racing 
authorities, and the few 
"bad debts" now pub- 
lished by Weatherby 
are certainly in brilliant 
contrast to the old days. 
But the disappearance 
of such gigantic wagers 
as those common in the 
days of Lord George 
Bentinck, of Mr. Gully, 
of Lord Glasgow, or 
Mr. Merry, is not un- 
fortunately only trace- 
able (if traceable at all) 
in the vastly increased 

stakes now run for each year on the English Turf. It is more than balanced by 
what is really a far greater evil, and an evil which antagonists of the Turf have 
fastened upon with far too little prospect, as yet, of receiving a just answer. 

People who could afford to bet do not do so now, because they are among the 
few who can afford the large expenses of a racing stable. But betting as a means of 
running a small stud by men who could not otherwise afford what is a luxury in these 
expensive days betting among labourers, clerks, and working men who cannot 
afford to risk a penny of their wages, who never saw the horse they back, and who 
are the prey of fraudulent starting-price bookmakers this kind of betting has 
become little short of an abominable curse. I am heartily in sympathy with Admiral 







" Royal Lancer" (1899) by " Royal Hampton." 



688 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



Rous in his rejection of the " Totalisator " from Newmarket Heath. But it is 
certainly time for those who know, and those who have the power, to take final 
action. The philanthropist who knows little of his subject has done more harm 
than good by proposing impracticable remedies for a very real ill. His one excuse 
is that the Jockey Club seems hitherto disinclined to act ; yet they are a picked 
body of men of influence and wealth, who could initiate any legislation they pleased 
and carry any motion they supported. At present they do not even insist that 

all bookmakers of whose presence 
they are cognisant should be pro- 
perly licensed, a measure which 
every honest bookmaker in England 
would welcome. The parrot-cry 
that a manly recognition of the 
consequences of evil is in reality an 
encouragement of that evil, should, 
it may well be thought, have been 
silenced by the unutterable harm 
done to the British army by the 
repeal of Acts which regulated its 
health in the most important direc- 
tions. The Jockey Club can well 
afford, not only to disregard the cry 
that they would encourage betting 
by regulating its processes and pro- 
tecting the ignorant, but also to 
neglect their usual caution in the 
matter of betting which was one 

result of the settling of Crockford's account over the Derby of 1844. Times 
are very different now, and the Club will do well, for their own sakes, to take up 
the question in no uncertain spirit, to demonstrate that the English Turf can 
cleanse itself of stains which it does not monopolise, and which are not inherent 
in the gallant sport of racing. The Duke of Portland was right, early in 1904, to 
speak out a plain warning against the perils of the modern system, that miserable 
system of starting-price betting by which tens of thousands gamble upon horses 
they have never seen, never will see, and never want to see. The money lost 




Ry permission of 
" Country Life." 



The Earl of Durham. 



"'SCEPTRE' WINS!' 



689 



in it does not go into the pockets of people who support the Turf in any shape 
or form, and the abolition of the uncleanly parasites who flourish on it can only 
benefit the health of the institution they dishonour. To sweep them and their 
nauseous abuses from the face of the land would be a very different thing from 
trying the impossible task of preventing betting altogether, an amusement which 
may be just as cleanly and just as honourable as any other form of pastime in 
which pecuniary considerations are unavoidably present. The Duke of Portland 
has said that if the Turf were a hotbed of roguery he would have nothing to 
do with it. And he does not think it advisable, "or even possible, to try to put 
a stop to betting by the law of the land. . . . The percentage of honourable men 
connected with the Turf 
is as high as in any 
other profession." 

We heard of no 
faddist crusade against 
the banking business 
because the catastrophe 
at Glasgow revealed a 
tissue of dishonesty and 
fraud, to which the Turf 
can offer no parallel, 
either in the actual com- 
mission of crime or in 
the widespread disaster 
which followed it. Those 

who sell us the necessaries of life are not, all of them, above making their fortunes 
out of a subtle adulteration of various goods which in one form or another the 
public is bound to buy. The manipulation of mines, and companies, in the City 
of London is not invariably conducted on lines which are above the reproach of 
the financial purist. The Turf is not alone, in fact, in possessing scoundrels 
among those who follow it, nor is it by any means the most fruitful soil on 
which scoundrelism can flourish. To say that racing produces betting, and should 
therefore be discouraged, is to commit the critic to a crusade against far more 
institutions than the Turf. I am not sure that in logical fairness he ought not to 
proceed to deplore the existence of Westminster Bridge and the British Museum, 




Hon. L. \\~illoughby {Newmarket, 1902). 



690 A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 

inasmuch as both those blameless and valuable buildings were either erected or 
enriched by the produce of the Lotteries that were finally suppressed in 1823. 
This does not mean that betting is a good thing, or even that the betting connected 
with racing is to be encouraged. The ideal Turfite would be the man who 
still exists who races entirely on his own income. Those who deal with things 
as they find them, and prefer practical proposals based on knowledge to the 
impossible Utopias of uninformed faddists, will surely never shirk the duty, which 
is their privilege, of cleansing the Turf of rascaldom as far as possible, of making 
the transgressor's path difficult, of regulating betting by every means which may 
protect the citizen from fraud in his free exercise of doing what he pleases with 
his money. 

Few better animals with which to finish any record of the Turf could be 

conceived than Sceptre. From her very first public 
appearance in the sale ring she was recognised as a 
sensational filly, and she lived up to her reputation 
from the time when Mr. R. S. Sievier took ,20,000 
with him to Newmarket, looked over the Eaton 
yearlings in company with his late trainer, Charles 
Morton, and Mr. Peard, the Irish veterinary surgeon, 
and then deposited the banknotes with Mr. Somerville 
Tattersall at the Rutland Arms. He made other pur- 
chases at that momentous sale, but he was waiting all 

Mr. Somerville Tattersall. i r i /-u i r> r^-> 

the time tor the nlly by Persimmon out or Ornament, 

who was led in last but one. He started at 5,000 guineas, bought her at 10,000, 
and was prepared to go on. With Duke of Westminster, his other purchase, she was 
tried as a young two-year-old, and they both (in receipt of a stone) beat the five- 
year-old Leonid, as Mr. Sievier related in his interesting article in the " Badminton 
Magazine." Robust and full of courage, all nerves and excitement, yet revelling 
in her work, she went out and won the Wood cote Stakes against Czardas, Port Blair, 
and seven others in the record time of 70? sec. for the six furlongs. She then 
won the July Stakes at Newmarket, but was by no means herself when Game Chick 
and Csardas beat her at Doncaster for the Champagne Stakes. Duke of Westminster 
was then sold for ,22,000, and Sceptre promptly beat him in the Two Thousand 
as soon as they met again. The horses were moved from Wantage to Shrewton 
in the spring of 1902. Only a fortnight before the Lincoln Handicap some mistake 




"'SCEPTXE' WINS/" 



691 



seems to have been made in her owner's absence, and it was only by tempting her 
with a preliminary carrot or an apple that she would eat about 5lb. 4oz. of oats in 
a day. By the time of the St. Leger she was doing 2ilb. without an effort. But 
that spring must have been a trial. St. Maclon beat her at Lincoln by a head. 
After this Mr. Sievier trained her entirely himself, gave her a sound rest and only 
increased her work as her appetite returned ; but both were still slightly erratic. 
She was sweating in the paddock before the Two Thousand, but she soon cooled 
down to business, and easily beat Ard Patrick, who finished behind Pistol, in 
the record time of i min. 39 sec., with Randall on her back, who had only just 
turned professional. That afternoon Mr. Charles Greenwood telegraphed to London 
that she might well 
beat Formosa s record. 
There were not many 
who had supported her 
for the Two Thousand 
so strongly as had Mr. 
Arthur Portman. But 
every one was to receive 
a good many shocks 
before her three-year- 
old career was over. 
She twisted a plate 
just before the start 
for the One Thousand, 
and Mr. Sievier had to 

wrench it off himself. Then she got away badly, being always better when she 
has warmed to her work ; but she beat St. Windeline easily in i min. 405 sec., 
another record. 

Then began one of the most interesting discussions as to the Derby I have ever 
known. Mr. Sievier has put it on record that he stood to win .33,000 on her for 
the big race. He himself provided almost as much conversation as did his wonderful 
filly, and while the old hands compared what was at first called the Coronation Derby 
with the race in the year of Queen Victoria's coronation, with memories of Lord 
George Bentinck, Lord Albemarle, Sir Gilbert Heathcote, and Lord Chesterfield, 
who accounted for "the classics" between them, younger men remembered that 




" Winifreda " (1897) by " St. Simon:' 



692 A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 

W. Ridsdale had won with St. Giles, and his brother with Bloomsbury ; that Gully 
had scored with Pyrrhus the First and Andijdw, while his son-in-law owned Cossack ; 
that Mr. Snewing won in 1862 with Caractacus -; that William Chifney won with 
Priam; and the late William I'Anson with Blink Bonny and Blair Athol. If 
Gully had been a member of Parliament, John Robinson was in October, 1901, 
High Sheriff of Nottinghamshire, and owner of Worksop Manor, one of the most 
historic estates in one of the noblest districts of England. Mr. Robinson's success 
as a bookmaker was not so strongly reflected in the fortunes of the horses he 
owned himself as was the case with Gully, Ridsdale, Harry Hill, Fred Swindell, 
Hargreaves, Saxon, Barber, or John Jackson. But it is no exaggeration to estimate 
the position won by Mr. Robinson as considerably higher than that of any of his 
rivals, not only as a sportsman with the Rufford Hounds, or as a breeder with 
Breadknife, but as High Sheriff of the most aristocratic county in England. The 
owner of the favourite of 1902 could boast, it was recalled, almost as varied a 
career as any of these. He had been some time in Australia ; he was not unknown 
behind the footlights in South Africa, and had been one of the first to volunteer for 
the front when war broke out. His enemies remembered he had written a book. 
His friends knew he had gambled "on everything under the sun," had backed 
horses, and had laid against them. Those who knew nothing of him could at least 
appreciate his confidence both in himself and in the mare. And then the con- 
noisseurs of horse-flesh had their word. But those who argued that Eleanor (1801), 
Blink Bonny (1857), and Shotover (1882) were the only mares to win the blue 
ribbon, were told that this only proved it was time for an Eaton-bred one to 
win it again, and were informed that the doctrine of averages was in favour of 
Sceptre, for no filly had even started since La Fleche was so strangely beaten by 
Sir Hugo in 1892 ; and that since Shotover s year only four of the 238 animals 
had been mares. 

The great day came at last. I never saw a prettier sight than Sceptre cantering 
and walking all round the course from the paddock past Tattenham Corner to her 
position right on the outside at the start. I have seldom seen a race that made me 
sadder than the finish. Ard Patrick, looking as strong as a lion, and, trained to 
the hour, won with comparative ease. Just as easily, a little later on, did Sceptre win 
the Oaks. I was being carried to the hospital as they started, and the news that 
she had decisively beaten St. Windeline was the first thing that brought back any 
interest in life. She was taken to Paris for the Grand Prix, which she not unnaturally 



"'SCEPTRE' WINS!" 



693 



lost, as, in Mr. Sievier's opinion, she travelled about 200 yards further than the 
winners, far on the outside. In the Coronation Stakes at Ascot she was many 
lengths behind when the horses came into full view, swept very wide round the turn, 
and rushed up the hill in a terrific but unavailing effort to catch the leaders. The 
next day she easily won the St. James's Palace Stakes from Flying Lemttr and 
Rising Glass, under Hardy, the apprentice who had ridden her at Lincoln. Work 
seemed to suit her temper and her appetite ; so she went to Goodwood, and was 
beaten in the Sussex Stakes by Royal Lancer ; and after going a mile and a half 
gallop the next day, and a sharp mile the one after, she proceeded to win the 
Nassau Stakes in a canter (a mile and a half under 951. 8lb. in 2 min. 40 sec.), 
and Hardy became 
her recognised pilot. 

Her preparation 
for the St. Leger 
was full of rumours. 
Some said she could 
not stay. Others 
said she was not 
being trained rightly. 
Meanwhile, Mr. Sie- 
vier was taking her 
over two miles (at 
8st. islb.), led the 
first five furlongs by 
Silverhampton (6st. 6lb.), the next five by Doochary (7st.), and the last six by 
Lavengro (8st.), and watching her beat the lot. He had also publicly issued a 
challenge to the world that "Sceptre shall run any horse, at weight for age and 
sex, for ,10,000, over from ij to i| miles." This was not taken up. She won 
the St. Leger with the greatest ease. Ard Patrick, her most dangerous rival, had 
gone slightly wrong, and as it seems fated that Irish-bred horses shall be unlucky 
in the great Doncaster race, she had no difficulty in disposing of St. Brendan. 
She looked fine drawn, and was evidently very fit, and very light-hearted, and 
came home in a canter with her ears pricked, while the Tykes cheered as loudly 
as when her sire Persimmon had been steered by Watts to victory over the same 
course. Cheers and Cupbearer were both knocked out by Fowling Piece, whose 

VOL. III. I I 




" O 'Donovan /-fossa" (1897,) by " Donovan." 



694 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



jockey was suspended for the rest of the meeting. Sceptre then lost the Park Hill 
Stakes in the effort to give Elba i2lb. forty-eight hours after the Leger ; and 
those who had persistently betted against her for the big event considered they had 
been justified; but the filly's staying powers were full proved. Time 3 min. 12 sec. 
on a wet day, trained by an amateur confident enough to have refused two 
offers of 38,000 and 40,000 guineas for her, and ridden by an apprentice only 
just emancipated from the allowance stage, from the outside, without a single 
advantage, in weather almost as tempestuous as Robert the Devil's year, she won 
with fully a stone in hand, in the opinion of Mr. Charles Greenwood, who had 
foretold her victory, and who had always considered that her occasional failures 

only accentuated the bril- 
liancy of her triumphs. 
These were indeed worth 
considering, for she had 
won ,25,650 in stakes, 
and her victory in all 
the five classic events 
except the Derby put her 
ahead of Formosa, who 
won the One Thousand, 
Oaks, and St. Leger, but 
ran a dead heat with 
Moslem for the Two 
Thousand (1868) ; ahead 
of Shotover, who won 

Two Thousand and Derby (1882); ahead of Eleanor and Blink Bonny, who won 
Derby and Oaks in 1801 and 1857. No filly has ever won both Derby and Leger. 
Sceptre was the twenty-second to win both One Thousand and Oaks, and she 
followed Formosa (1868), Hannah (1871), Apology (1874), and La Flcche (1892), in 
winning One Thousand, Oaks, and St. Leger. Impfrieuse and Achievement won the 
One Thousand and the Leger, in addition to the quartette already named who added 
the Oaks. But Achievement, one of the best mares that ever raced, undoubtedly 
ought to have defeated Hippia in the Oaks. Sceptre is the only filly who has won 
the Two Thousand outright, and added the St. Leger to it ; and the only other 
two who have won Two Thousand, One Thousand, and Oaks are Crucifix and 




" La Roche " (1897) bv " St. Simon." 



"'SCEPTRE' WINS!' 



695 



Formosa. The winner of the One Thousand has never won the Derby ; but the 
winners of the Oaks who also put the St. Leger to their credit, before Sceptre, 
were Queen of Trumps (1835), Formosa (1868), Hannah (1871), Marie Stuart 
(1873), Apology (1874), Jannette (1878), Seabreeze (1888), Memoir (1890), and 
La Fleche (1892). 

Sceptre passed a healthy and comfortable winter, in Mr. Sievier's ownership, for 
the reserve price of 24,000 guineas was not reached when she was put up for sale 
at the Houghton Meeting, and at Doncaster Sir Tatton Sykes had offered 25,000 
in vain, after the St. Leger. In the spring of 1903 she was privately purchased 
by Mr. W. Bass of the Tenth Hussars, nephew of Lord Burton, and son of the 
late Hamar Bass, M.P., 
owner of Love Wisely, 
winner of the Ascot 
Cup in the "yellow, 
green sleeves and cap," 
and later on the property 
of Sir Ernest Cassel. 
The famous mare went 

on with her sensational ' 

career as gaily as ever 
in 1903. Ascot was 
memorable for the suc- 
cess of Mr. Leopold de 
Rothschild's St. Amant, 
Bass Rock, and Kunstler; 
of Fiancde, owned by Lord Falmouth, whose Quintessence seemed likely to recall 
the ancient triumphs of Mereworth ; of the King's three-year-old Mead in the 
Prince of Wales's Stakes ; of the onslaught by the Frenchmen in the Gold Cup. 
In this race every one regretted that the Duke of Portland's game favourite, 
William the Third, was unable to appear, and that Sceptre, who would no doubt 
have carried Mr. Sievier's colours, was not permitted by her new owner to oppose 
the ioreigners. M. de Bremond won for the second time when Maximum got 
home without much trouble. In the Alexandra Plate M. E. de St. Alary 's Arizona 
again lowered the English colours, making all the running from beginning to end 
of the two miles and three-quarters, and finishing fresher than anything else. 




" Strongbow " (1897) by " Morion '' 
out of " La Fleche:' 



696 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



Sceptre had, of course, no difficulty in the Hardwicke Stakes, which was in the 
nature of a training gallop in her careful preparation for the Eclipse Stakes later 
on. Zinfandel, by Persimmon, gave a taste of real quality by making very light of 
8st. 4lb. in the Gold Vase, which set people wondering what would have happened 
in the Derby if Colonel McCalmont's death had not voided his nomination. At 
Goodwood Rabelais won Mr. Arthur James his third Cup in successive years, from 
a poor field, and one result of the Steward's Cup race was a sporting match for 
.500 a side, later on, between Mr. Bottomley's Le Blizon and Mr. J. B. Joel's 
Sundridge, who conceded 2st. all but 2lb. in the later event, and was beaten. 

But it was the " Ten Thousand Pounders " which provided the sensation of the 

season. Ard Patrick 
(with Morny Cannon 
up) proved himself 
worthy to rank with 
Isinglass, St. Friis- 
quin, Flying Fox, and 
Epsom Lad as a good 
winner of the Princess 
of Wales's Stakes (a 
mile and a half), and 
showed himself to be 
in splendid condition, 
though the opposition 
was not very strong. 
July 17, 1903, the day 

of the Eclipse Stakes at Sandown Park, will always be remembered as one of the 
most exciting in the history of the Turf. In a terribly wet year, it gave us rare 
summer weather. Esher has certainly never been so crowded since Bendigds day, 
when it rained hard ; and the King was in his private stand. Ard Patrick and 
Sceptre, those old rivals, were to meet again, and her inexplicable defeat in her 
second Lincoln Handicap was quite forgotten by her many friends. The two crack 
four-year-olds were to oppose Rock Sand, the eventual winner of the Triple Crown 
of 1903, who was made first favourite at n to 8, with Sceptre at 2 to i, and 
Ard Patrick at 4 to i. Duke of Westminster and Oriole (by Ladas out of Orle) 
also started. Maher had had so bad an accident on July 10, in a motor car, that 




"King's Courier"' (1897, U.S.A.} by " Kingston:' 1 



"'SCEPTRE' WINS!" 697 

he was unable to ride again till the York meeting in August, and Blackwell had 

to put up J. H. Martin on Sir James Miller's colt. The meeting of Ard Patrick, 

Sceptre, and Rock Sand was certainly the finest race seen since Voltigeur and 

The Flying Dutchman fought for supremacy ; and between the three cracks at 

Sandown there were no less than seven classic races, rising to eight later in the 

year. Of these the winner had only one, but that was the Derby. This struggle, 

and that for the Jockey Club Stakes the same season, remind me that, besides 

St. Frusquin s victory in the Princess of Wales's Stakes already mentioned, there 

are other famous fields that deserve comparison with them. In the Ascot Cup 

of 1874, Boiard, the French Grand Prix winner, beat the winners of the Derby, 

Oaks, St. Leger, and 

Two Thousand, besides 

Flageolet, who alone 

smashed up Cremorne 

and Favonius so badly 

in the Goodwood Cup 

that they never started 

again. Lecturer beat 

three Oaks winners in 

the Ascot Cup. Bees- 

wing had Charles XII. 

and Attila behind her 

in the Doncaster Cup 

I n the Champion Stakes ^^ . (i ^ by ^^ Birtkday? 

at Newmarket, Jannette 

beat two St. Leger winners, one of whom had won the Derby. St. Gatien 

squandered Melton when they met. At Kempton Park Epsom Lad ("the 

Friponnier of his day ") beat a Derby winner and a St. Leger winner. In the 

Jockey Club Stakes Persimmon anticipated his daughter's performance by coming 

home in front of a Derby winner and a Two Thousand winner. 

There is no doubt that Rock Sand would have ranked as an undoubtedly first- 
rate Derby winner but for this race for the Eclipse; and with the exception of 
course of Zinfandel, he may be something more than "a long way the best of 
a very bad year ; " but in any case the fact that he was well beaten by first and 
second at Sandown a quarter of a mile from home shows the very exceptional 




698 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



quality of the cracks of 1902. As was said at the time, if Gladiateur and Blair 
Athol had been able to meet, one must have won ; but the other would not have 
lost his title to being an exceptional animal. Ard Patrick proved himself a 
wonder. The fame of Sceptre grew no less because a stallion of her own age 
beat her on the post. Inch by inch the Irishman wore down her lead, and a 
hundred yards from home he was level. Sceptre was beaten by a neck. Those 
who still upheld her superiority were as vehemently answered by those who still 
refused to believe that Rock Sand, with his favourite jockey, was inferior to either 
her or the Irishman. The result of the St. Leger confirmed these latter in their 
opinion ; and in the Jockey Club Stakes the mare had to meet him on worse 

terms than at Sandown. 
Maher, too, was to 
be on his back again, 
and Ard Patrick, who 
had felt the "leg" he 
got at Ascot a year 
before, was not to meet 
them again, and went 
to Germany. Darling 
knew how good he 
was ; and he was there- 
fore among those who 
refused to support Rock 
Sand when he came out 
at Newmarket against 

the famous mare, Cappa White, William Rufus, and Cheers. The last three, 
it was recognised, could only be racing for the ,1,000 allotted to the third 
place. But there was tension in the air. Mr. Sievier never stopped backing the 
mare, and a prominent bookmaker, who favoured Sir James Miller's colt, was 
never tired of giving him the odds. The rain came down as they started, and 
Sceptre won by four lengths. Every one cheered till they could cheer no more. 
Mr. Sievier was completely overcome. Lady Noreen Bass and Mr. Arthur 
Chetwynd were within the barriers while the mare, with her head up and the eyes 
of a queen, waited outside the weighing-room door. It was a magnificent and 
never-to-be-forgotten moment. Alec Taylor and his training establishment at 




" Handicapper" (1898) by "Matchmaker? 



"' SCEPTRE' WINS!" 699 

Manton were not the least happy in that delighted throng. Taylor finished third 
on the list of winning trainers for 1903 with ,18,731. With Rock Sand alone 
winning over ,18,000, G. Blackwell had not much trouble in putting Newmarket 
at the head of the Trainers' List of 1903 for the fifth time in seven years, making 
the fine total of ,34,146 for the season, in which Cinquefoil, Rondeau, Pharisee, 
Cossack, Chanter, Flotsam, Oriole, and Extradition all assisted, under the colours 
of Sir James Miller, Sir D. Cooper, and Lord Rosebery. 

If Sceptre had not won the Jockey Club Stakes, she would probably have gone 
for the Cesarewitch at gst. 7lb. But a memorable alternative was given to the 
public in the Duke of York Stakes at Kempton in October, which came off nine 
days afterwards, and she carried gst. 4lb., with fourteen in the field against her, 
on one of the rare fine days that season. She seemed sore after her racing plates 
had been put on, and a rumour spread like smoke among the crowd. But as 




By permission of the "Illustrated Finish of '" Sceptre's " St. Leger (1902). 

Sporting and Dramatic .Vews." 

soon as her exercise shoes were put on she seemed all right again. However, 
that meant increased weight, and increased suction on the heavy ground. The 
odds were 13 to 8 on her at the start. Soarazvay made running to the bend, then 
Happy Slave took it up. Sceptre never came out of the ruck till a quarter of 
a mile from home. Then Madden sent her along, and in a furlong's length she 
was within four lengths of Happy Slave, whose jockey stuck to the rails. Madden 
had to challenge on the outside with barely a hundred yards to cover, and he 
found himself obliged to use his whip. The mare responded in the most gallant 
style, and just won on the post, conceding 4olb. to Happy Slave, 26lb. to Glass 
lug; the third, and 2 lib. to the Oaks winner, O^^r Lassie, who was fifth. Mr. 
Sievier, such is the irony that sometimes touches the fate of every racing man, 
had trained Happy Slave. After that, she won the Champion Stakes, while 
Quintessence secured the Newmarket Oaks, and the Cheveley Park Stakes were 



7oo 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



taken by Pretty Polly, who ran and won, like Crucifix, nine times as a two-year-old, 
winning .13,496 in stakes for Major Eustace Loder, as compared with the ,4,587 
allotted to Lord George Bentinck's over-worked heroine. The way Pretty Polly 
has squandered all opposition indicates a great career for her in the future if she 
shapes into a strong three-year-old, which all the Gallinules have not the habit 
of doing. At present she stands ahead of St. Amant, Santry, and Henry the First, 
the best colts of her year, if handicapping may be taken as a guide ; but she is not 
entered for the Two Thousand or Derby. 

Many good judges consider Sceptre to be the best-shaped animal of her year 
or any other year. Her perfect head, with its bloodlike, " mealy " muzzle ; her 

shapely, muscular neck, 
beautifully fitted into 
deep shoulders ; the 
humerus both perpen- 
dicular and long ; her 
forearm and gaskins 
phenomenally strong ; 
her short back, wonder- 
ful stifle, good loins and 
quarters, straight hind 
legs, and deep brisket 
these all go to make 
up a whole that it would 
be difficult to equal and 
almost impossible to excel. If we take the number of their victories as a criterion, 
no mare has beaten Beeswings 52 wins out of 63 starts, and no mare but her 
has lasted eight seasons on the Turf. Alice Hawthorn won 50 and a dead heat 
out of 68 starts in seven seasons. Caller Ou had to work even harder, for she 
started 86 times in six seasons for her 44 victories. Lilian, who won the Queen's 
Plate by twelve lengths at the Craven Meeting of 1873, ran 106 races, nearly all 
from two to three miles, and won 46 of them in six seasons. Good judges place 
Achievement, Stcckwell's daughter, at the top of the tree, ahead of Beeswing and 
of Sceptre, with La Flcche and Hannah following her. But it is difficult to forget 
Marie Stuart, Wheel of Fortune, Cwcifix, Formosa, Virago, Lily Agnes, Fleur 
de Lys, Apology, and Lady Elizabeth, probably the best two-year-old ever bred. 




" Maximum II." (Ascot Cold Cup, 1903). 



SCEPTRE' WINS/" 



701 



And if we are to consider breeding as well as racing records, we must give 
Newminster to Beeswing ; Thormanby to Alice Hawthorn ; Ormonde to Lily 
Agnes. It will be right, too, to remember that Morganette must be credited both 
with Ard Patrick and with Galtee More, and therefore joins that select band 
of matrons which contains Penelope, clam of Whalebone and Whisker; Flyer, 
dam of Rhadamanthus and Daedalus; H or alia, clam of Archduke and Paris; 
Arethusa, dam of Williamsons Ditto and Pan; Emma, dam of Mundig and 
Cotherstone ; and Perdita II., dam of Persimmon and Diamond Jubilee. Nor 




By permission if " Country Life." 



" Bendigo? 



should the claims of that remarkable mare, Princess of Wales, be forgotten in 
this connection ; for in five consecutive years she bred five own brothers and 
sisters, all winners Albert Victor, Louise Victoria, Victoria Alexandra, George 
Frederick, and Maud Victoria. Taking breeding and racing together, perhaps 
Cobweb, Crucifix, Beeswing, Mendicant, Alice Hawthorn, and Blink Bonny may be 
said to have been the best of the nineteenth century ; and no consideration of 
modern mares would be complete without a glance across the Channel at such 
flyers as Fillc de I' Air, Plaisanterie, Kincsem, and M. Abeille's La Camargo. 



VOL. III. 



K K 



702 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



It will, I believe, be of interest to those who followed the development of the 
Arab type into the English thoroughbred which I traced in my first volume from 
the Elgin marbles, through Leonardo's and Durer's drawings to Mambrino if 
they will for a moment consider the conformation of Sceptre or Rock Sand, and 
compare it with the mare and foal I reproduce on page 708 of this volume 
from a Thessalian gold drachma (93^ grains) struck at Larissa between B.C. 400 
and B.C. 344. Another gold coin of the same date and place shows a galloping 
horse with a rein that trails across his neck. Both these formed part of the 
famous Montagu collection. By the kindness of Mr. Newton- Robinson I can trace 

the type through the 
^T&irj^J'L&S^ Graeco- Roman times in 
a ring and a cameo of 
that period ; and finally, 
Mr. J. P. Heseltine has 
permitted me to repro- 
duce a famous brown 
sard bought from the 
Marlborough collection, 
with an exquisite carving 
of a Roman racehorse. 
The fine muzzle, broad 
hoof, loaded shoulder, 
and round barrel, will 
be found to have per- 
sisted from the earliest 
times we know the Arab until now ; and to make it more clear that the 
pure Arab blood, when unmixed, has retained all its old characteristics, I have 
also reproduced upon page 705 the favourite horse Warren Hastings used 

o 

to ride, from Stubbs' painting on porcelain in possession of Sir Walter Gilbey ; 
Azrek, a typical animal from Mr. Wilfrid Blunts Arab Stud at Crabbet Park ; 
and Mr. Charles Purse's spirited sketch for his equestrian portrait of Field 
Marshal Lord Roberts. This well-known Arab, Vonolel, was bought, Lord 
Roberts tells me, in Bombay, at Abdul Rahman's stable in March, 1877, when 
it had just been landed from Arabia. Vonolel was of pure Nejed breed, 
and must have been about twenty-seven years old when he died in Dublin 




Photo by Clarence Hailey, Newmarket. 



Lord Howard de Waldai's 
" Zinfaiidel." 



703 







704 A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 

in 1899, after having taken part in the Diamond Jubilee Procession of two 
years before. 

It is interesting to recall that the central figure of that Procession, our late 
revered sovereign Queen Victoria, though never a patroness of the Jockey Club, 
saw her husband's name in the Calendar of 1 848 as breeder of a colt by Sir Hercules 
from an Elis mare, and approved the accession of her eldest son to the Turf 
Parliament in 1864. Her personal acquaintance with Racing was much older than 
either of these events. When only eleven, she was present with her mother at 
the Worcester Meeting when Mr. Ormsby Gore's Hesperus won the Gold Cup on 
the very day when William IV. won the Goodwood Cup with Fleur de Lys, and 
sailed into second and third places as well. In 1831 she saw, from the Stewards' 
Stand at Epsom, Lord Jersey's Riddlesworth and the King's Mustachio colt beaten 
by the outsider Spaniel. In 1834, dressed in "a muslin pelisse lined with primrose- 
coloured silk, a white chip bonnet, ornamented with a small bouquet of roses, and 
a wreath of the same flowers round her forehead," she saw Mr. W. Day's Isabel 
win the ^"70 cup given by the Duchess of Kent, the length of each heat being 
two miles and a distance. The next season the Princess Victoria not only attended 
the East Sussex Hunt Races on the Lewes course, but presented the prize with 
a neat little speech to Mr. Ellman. It was more than sixty years before her son's 
Persimmon got home on Doncaster Town Moor, that Queen of Triimps most 
appropriately won the St. Leger under the eyes of the Princess Victoria on the only 
occasion when she saw the great race of the North. She was always fond of Ascot, 
and her last visit was associated with an even more famous heroine of the Turf, 
for Charlton exhibited Blink Bonny to her and Lord Palmerston after the mare 
had walked over for a sweepstakes. 

After the death of Prince Albert, the Queen never went racing again. But 
her name will always be associated with the Royal Stud at Hampton Court, which 
was started again by Charles Greville after it had been sold on the death of 
William IV. ; for from those historic paddocks came Sainfoin, Memoir, La Flee he, 
Julius, Julius C&sar, Springfield, Diophantus, and many more, until all were sold 
again at Tattersall's in July, 1894. Springfield, it should be remembered, was one 
of the very best sprinters we have ever had. He only failed twice ; in the Criterion 
and in the Dewhurst Stakes which Kisber won. He beat Silvio in the Champion 
Stakes Across the Flat, and in the July Cup at Newmarket he fairly made hacks 
of Ecossais, of Trappist, who won the Wokingham Stakes under gst. tolb., and of 



705 





From the original fainting on porcelain by Sliibbs (1791). 
in the fn>ssessiini it/Sir II 'niter Ctilfrey. ' 



Warren Hastings ami his Arab. 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



Lollypop, whose third for the Stewards' Cup with lost, is the best on record for 
that race. As Princess of Wales, our present beloved Queen started the modern 
fashion of ladies going to Newmarket by her visit in the summer of 1881 to 
the Earl and Countess Cadogan at Rutland Cottage, whence she drove across 

the Heath, in one of the Cadogan 
carriages and four, to the July 
Meeting behind the Ditch. 

The effect that English breeds 
and English climate have had upon 
the Arab type suggests one of the 
most interesting problems raised by 
such a history as that contained in 
the present volumes. In my own 
opinion the English thoroughbred, 
of the modern type of Ormonde, 
Ard Patrick, and Sceptre, can best 
be kept up to their high standard 
by means of continued and careful 
reimportation of English stock from 
those newer countries to which 

famous stallions have from time to time been imported. Examples of strains, 
more or less weak in England, which have already been fortified by reimported 
stock of the same blood from other pastures, may be found in the 
West Australian line, with Kings Courier from the United States 
of America, and Australian Star from Australia ; the Ithuricl line 
(of which we have only Ragimunde, Son of a Gun, Toisoii a" Or, and 
Tomahawk] with Aurum, Carbine, Gold Medallist, Mousquetaire, 
Sternchaser, and Trenton, not to mention future possibilities like 
Bistonian, Fowling Piece, Pistol, or Wargrave ; the Whisker line 
with Abercorn, Ilchester, Kirkham, Stoccado, Merman, and Patron; 
the Faugh-a-Ballagh line with Berzak and Don Alonzo ; the 
Stockwell line, through The Marquis, with Newhaven II., and the Pantaloon line 
through Nabot. The line of Diomed is extinct here ; though the imported horses, 
Americus and Pactohis, may revive it. 

I have noticed the proved difficulty of obtaining cavalry remounts from those 




Mr. Wilfrid Blunfs Arab " Azrek." 




A Roman racer. 

l'"rom a Gra'co-Roinan 
<v of the first cen- 
titrv A.L). , in the 
possession of Mr. C. 
Xeli'ton-Robinson. 




JH* 







From the original sketch for his portrait fry C. W. Fursc, 
fry permission of the artist. 



Lord Roberts and his Arab " 



;o8 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 




Tliessalian racehorse. 



mission of the Autotvfe Co. 



sources which the Turf provides in its English thorough- 
bred sires ; and it is clearly just as useless to expect pure 
Arab blood to do any more good in producing racers. 
At a given period it produced the English thoroughbred 
by processes I have traced ; but it is only from the strains 
of Herod, Matchem, and Eclipse that we can breed the 
racer of the modern Turf; and those old strains should 
as far as possible have been previously reinvigorated by 
the limestone pastures of Australasia. The function of 

. A i i 

the pure Arab sire now is, in my opinion, to do as much 
for our Remount Department as he has already done for our Racecourse. Crossed 

with such hardy, typical, 
indigenous breeds as 
the Devonshire, Welsh, 
New Eorest, or High- 
land pony-mare, the 
Arab sire will produce 
the small handy, tireless, 
beautifully built animal 
for the Mounted In- 
fantry of future war- 
fare. English breeds 
and English climate will 
do again what they have 
done before ; and the 
Army will be able to call upon small, stout horses from 14.1 to 15 hands, after 

the pattern of Gimcrack, Highlander, and the "good 
little 'uns " of the eighteenth century, for mounted men ; 
while nothing better to serve the guns can be imagined 
than a cross between an approved thoroughbred and a 
good Shire. 

Scarcely less interesting to me than the breeding of 
horses has been the development of the human type 

dur j those centuries Q f English Racing I have tried 

T -.!_ ^ 1_ * 1_ i r 

In the picture which sets the owner of 




' Pretty Polly" (1901), with Lane up. 




Thessalian mare and foal. 



From a gold coin of Larissa, B.C. 400, 

in the Montagu Collection. By per- i i 

mission of the Autotype Co. MJ SKCtCn. 



"'SCEPTjRE' WINS!" 



709 



Dioined beside the owner of Rock Sand Sir Charles Bunbury beside Sir James 
Miller I have endeavoured to indicate, as it were in an allegory, the progression 
of society on the English Turf from early clays until now, from the first Derby 
until that of 1903. 

In the collection of paintings which forms the most valuable feature of these 
volumes, it will be noticed that the portraits of men and women, before about 1880, 
are usually far more faithful records of individual character than those of the horses. 





From the print after Dighton 
in possession of H.R.H. 
I'rincc Christian. 



.Sir Charles Bunbury, 
i'iniier of the first Derby. 



Sir James Miller, winner 
of the Derby cf 1903. 



Here and there, of course, a really good artist devoted his attention to the Turf, 
and in the canvases of Ben Marshall, Barenger, Stubbs, Herring, and a few others, 
we may perhaps see a real portrait of the animal represented, painted almost as 
well as those pictures in which Reynolds, Romney, or Gainsborough have im- 
mortalised the men and women of their day. But the comparison between past 
and present in the animal is rendered entirely impossible, from a scientific point 
of view, owing to the complete absence of sufficient scientifically accurate material ; 
and it is only since the days of instantaneous photography that the biologist has been 

VOL. III. L L 



A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 



able to consider the extremely valuable facts supplied by the life-history of a breed 
in which more accurate details about pedigree and performance have been preserved, 
over a longer period of time, than is the case with any other animal known to man. 
These details, however, are lamentably inadequate from the anatomical point of 
view. Even concerning Eclipse, the most valuable individual animal who ever 
lived, considerable doubt exists as to various essential details. Very few skeletons 
of famous horses have been so carefully preserved as to provide adequate proofs 
of their authenticity or accurate measurements of their framework. It may be 
hoped that the growing interest taken by owners and breeders in the biological 
side of their intensely fascinating pursuit will now lead, not only to the preservation 

of the skeletons of such typical animals 
as Ormonde, St. Simon, Flying Fox, and 
others, but also to the accurate repro- 
duction of their living framework by the 
means of plaster casts. The Hungarian 
Government has already proved the 
possibility and the value of such a 
process in various breeds of live stock. 
The Director of the British Museum 
of Natural History is perfectly willing 
to give every facility to owners and 
breeders in taking a course which will 
be as useful to them as it will be valu- 




A Roman racehorse. 



Much enlarged from an Augustan cat ved sardonyx in the 
possession of J. P. Hcseltine, Esq. By permission of 
the Autotype Co. 



able to the wider interests of scientific 

research. That Museum should contain reduced models to scale of all our typical 
thoroughbreds now living, and skeletons of the best of them. It only remains for 
owners like the Dukes of Westminster, Devonshire, or Portland to give a lead in 
doing a public service which will be of inestimable benefit to ourselves and to 
posterity. The work done by the modern photographer is, of course, highly valuable 
in this connection. When it is employed, and collected, in such a book as that 
of Major-General Sir John Hills, it provides exactly the data on which scientific 
inquiry can proceed until better facts are forthcoming. His measurements of the 
humerus in proportion to the scapula, and his notes on the formation of the legs 
and the position of the stifle, are just the right kind of anatomical details which are 
required. Mr. Muybridge's system of instantaneous photography, and Professor 



" ' SCEPTRE' WINS!" 



711 



Marey's work on similar lines, tend in the same beneficial direction. The statue 
of King Tom (p. 490), and the painting of the Arab Vonolel, are examples of 
what modern art can effect when the artist who is great in other directions turns 
the full power of his genius towards the presentation of that most beautiful of 
all animals, the horse. I am encouraged to think that the day is now not far 
distant when we shall see a Derby winner, painted during his lifetime by a 
President of the Royal Academy, on the walls of Burlington House, and preserved, 
after his death, within the British Museum of Natural History. So long a 





n 



Sir James Millers "Rock Sand" (Derby, 1903 . 

pedigree and so good a performance deserve no less a recognition from the nation 
they have adorned. 

Nothing inculcates the virtue of modesty, and an appreciation of the gifts of 
others, so strongly as the kind of work which has engaged my idle moments for 
so long. Those who point out my mistakes will only increase my admiration for 
the many who know more of Turf History than I do, and the many who have 
so generously placed their knowledge and their treasures at my disposal in time 
for me to make full use of both. Those who wonder that anv inaccuracies should 



7' 2 A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH TURF. 

remain, I can easily forgive. To attempt a History of Racing on the English 
Turf is a task that involves dealing with facts known to many inveterate partisans 
in as many different lights. If any single man could have been qualified to write 
it as it should have been written, that man perhaps was Francis Lawley. Even 
then the critical connoisseur might have been unhappy without a dash of " The 
Druid's " cleanly and humorous enthusiasm, a seasoning of Charles Greenwood's 
judicial accuracy, some of the character-drawing of a Thackeray, some of the 
genealogical knowledge of a Joseph Osborne, some of the antiquarian research 
of J. P. Hore, a few of the anecdotes of Edward Spencer, a little of the practical 
experience of Morny Cannon, some of the traditional lore of a Weatherby or a 
Tattersall. Such a galaxy of talent exists no longer within a single brain ; and 
the present writer is but too well aware of his own deficiencies in the task of 
attempting such a survey of Racing as is contained in these pages. It is a labour 
that must inevitably obscure what is beloved by some in order to record what 
should be remembered by all. And now that I have "caught the judge's eye," 
I may confess that I carried more weight than I ever imagined at the start. 
Between one Oaks day and the next I was prevented writing anything by the 
untimely ingratitude of one of the mares whose relations I was busy chronicling. 
At the best, I had to make my living by journalism while I gave my leisure to 
the book that is now done. But I am content to have attempted it, and such 
as it is I leave it with regret. 

March i, 1904. 




A Roman racer. 

From a GrKco-Roman gem of the first century A.D., 
in the possession of Mr. C. Newton-Robinson. 



FINIS. 



APPENDIX. 



A. The Pedigree of FLYING CHILDERS, as given by Captain Roger D. Upton 

in " Newmarket and Arabia" (1873). 

FLYING OR DEVONSHIRE CHILDERS, 1715. 
[A horse entirely of Eastern descent, and principally of Arabian blood.] 
Darley Arabian. A horse of the family called " Managhi " 



en 

a: 
w 




U 



' Spanker 



/ Careless 



Betty Leedes 



D'Arcy's Yellow Turk 



I Morocco Barb (Lord Fairfax's) 

Daughter of ( , . , - 

(an Arabian 

I Bald Peg I 
a Barb Mare l a Barb Mare 



Sister to Leedes 



Leedes Arabian 



Daughter of 



Spanker 



D'Arcy's Yellow Turk 



Daughter of 



Morocco Barb (Lord Fairfax's) 



Bald Peg 



an Arabian 



Barb Mare 
(Spanker'sDam) 
, daughter of 



a Barb Mare 
Morocco Barb (Lord Fairfax's) 



Bald Peg: 



an Arabian 
a Barb Mare 



APPENDIX. 



B. The Pedigree of Mr. William Fenwick's MATCHEM, bred by Mr. John Holme in 1748 ; 

died at Bywell, Northumberland, in 1781. 



MATCHEM 
(Bay 1748) 



Cade 



Arabian 



Roxana 



Daughter of 



, Partner 



Daughter of 



Bald Galloway 



(St. Vi 



Victor Barb 



Daughter of 



Ancaster Turk 



f A 

Sister to Chanter 

I Daughter of 



J'gg 



Byerly Turk 
Daughter of 



(Imported 

\ Why Not by the Fenwick Barb 
(Royal Mare 

(Imported) 

\ Leedes A rabian (Imported) 
(.Daughter of Spanker 

(Imported) 

[Spanker by the D'Arcy Yellow Turk- 
Daughter of Lord Fairfax's Morocco 
Barb Old Bald Peg by an Arabian 
Horse out of a Barb mare 



fCurwen's Bay Barb (Imported) 



Sister to Mixbury 



'Spot by the Selaby Turk 

^Daughter of -j Daughter of the Whitelegged Lowther Barb- 

I The Old Vintner mare 



Makeless 



fOglethorpe Arabian (Imported) 



, Daughter of 



I 



Brimmer 
Daughter of 



j The D'Arcy Yellow Turk 
I Royal Mare 

( Place's White Turk 
{Dodsworth Layton Barb mare 



APPENDIX. 

C. The Pedigree of Sir John Moore's HEROD, bred by the Duke of Cumberland in 1758 ; 

died at NetherhaU, Bury, in 1780. 



HEROD 

(Bay, 1758) 



Tartar 



. Partner 



Meliora 



Cypron 



Blaze 



Jigg 



/ByerlyTurk (Imported) 

(Spanker, by the D'Arcy Yellow Turk The old Morocco mare, by Lord 
Fairfax's Morocco Barb Old Bald Peg, by an Arabian, out of a 
\Daughter ofi 



Barb Mare 



Sister to 
Mixbury 



Fox 



Curwen's 



f ! Spot, by the Sclaby Turk 
Daughter of of whitelegged Lowther Barb 



(Hautboy, by D'Arcy White Turk- Royal Mare 
Llumsy \M]&s D'Arcy's Pet Mare, out of a Sedbury Royal 



Mare 



(The Leedes Arabian . 

Bay Peg lY Bald Peg, by the Leedes Arabian Spanker's Dam, by 1-airtax 
( Morocco Barb Old Bald Peg, by an Arabian, out of a Barb Mare 



Snail 



(Bred by Sir E. Blackett) 



Milkmaid 



Flying 
Childers 



Shield's / Bred b Mr- Cunven, of VVorkington) 
Galloway 



f 6 Z- dmported) 

Arabian ) v " 



Betty 



Leedes 



f Grey J 

Confederate] Grantham \ 
Filly 



Careless, by Spanker (D'Arcy Yellow Turk) a Barb Mare 
Sister to Leedes, by the Leedes Arabian daughter to Spanker (D Arcy 
Yellow Turk) The old Morocco Mare 

Brownlow Turk (Imported) 



Selina 



/Bethell's \ (Impor;(d] 
Arabian ' v 



Daughter of 



f fThe Rutland Black Barb (imported) 
Daughter of| Bright>g Roan> bred by Mr . Leedes, of North Mitford 

(Imported) 

(The Harpur Arabian (Imported) 
< Champion | Daughte r of Hautboy. Her Dam Almanzor and Terror's Dam 

' 

, f Darley Arabian 
\ Daughter of| Merlin (Bustlerj by the Helmsley Turk) 



APPENDIX. 



D. The Pedigree of Colonel O'Kelly's ECLIPSE, who was never beaten. Bred by the Duke of Cumberland 

in 1764, died at Cannons, Surrey, in 1787. 



'Squirt 



ECLIPSE (Chest 
nut 1764). 



Marske 



Daughter of 



'Regulus 



Spiletta 



Bartlett's Childers 



Sister to Old 
Country Wench 



Blacklegs 



Daughter of 



The Godolphin 
Arabian 



Grey Robinson 



Smith's Son of 
Snake 



Darley Arabian 
Betty Leedes 

Snake 

^ Grey Wilkes 

( Mutton's Bay Barb 

j 

( Daughter of 
Bay Bolton 



.Mother Western 



J 



Daughter of 



{Imported) 
Bald Galloway 



Sister to Old 
Country Wench 



Snake 



{Imported} 

Careless by Spanker (D'Arcy Yellow Turk old 
Morocco Mare, her dam Old Bald Peg by an 
J Arabian out of a Barb Mare) a Barb Mare 
j Sister to Leedes by the Leedes Arabian daughter of 
Spanker (D'Arcy Yellow Turk) daughter of 
the Morocco Barb Mare Spanker's Dam 
I The Lister Turk (Imported] 

\ Daughter of Hautboy (D'Arcy White Turk Royal 
( Mare.) No record of Snake's granddam 
i Hautboy (D'Arcy White Turk Royal Mare) 
j Miss D'Arcy 's Pet Mare daughter of a Sedbury 

Royal Mare. No' record of Pet Mare's sire 
(Imported) 

I Coneyskins by the Lister Turk, a grey bred by D. of 

Rutland in 1712 

( The Old Clubfoot Mare by Hautboy, her dam unknown 
Grey Hautboy by Hautboy, his dam unknown 
Daughter of Makeless (Oglethorpe Arabian) 
daughter of Brimmer (D'Arcy Yellow Turk- 
Royal Mare) daughter of "Diamond (Helmsley 
Turk) 

Fox Cub by Clumsy (Hautboy Miss D'Arcy's Pet 
Mare) daughter of Leedes Arabian daughter 
of Spanker 

Daughter of Coneyskins (Lister Turk) out of daughter 
of Hutton's Grey Barb and daughter of Mutton's 
Royal Colt (Helmsley Turk Royal Mare) 
daughter of Byerly Turk 



| The St. Victor Barb. (Imported) 

j Daughter of Why Not (son of Fenwick Barb.) Her 

( dam a Royal Mare 

Snake by the Lister Turk daughter of Hautboy 

(D'Arcy White Turk Royal Mare) 
Grey Wilkes by Hautboy (D'Arcy White Turk- 
Royal Mare) Miss D'Arcy's Pet Mare- 
daughter of a Sedbury Royal Mare 
I The Lister Turk 

j Daughter of Hautboy (D'Arcy White Turk Royal 
( Mare) 

I The Ancaster Turk. (Imported) 
\ A granddaughter of the Pulleine Arabian, her dam a 
daughter of Brimmer by the D'Arcv Yellow Turk 

horse bought by Lord D'Arcy from the stud of Lord 



Squirrel's Dam 

/ Old Montagu, 

Montagu of Cowdray ; his breeding is unknown 

( Hautboy by the D'Arcy White Turk, his dam a Royal 

j Daughter of Brimmer by the D'Arcy Yellow Turk, his 

dam a Royal Mare 
N.B. It is also held that the Old Montagu Mare was by Woodcock, who was by Bustler, by the Helmsley Turk. 



j Old Montagu 
( Mare 



APPENDIX. 

E. A Table Shewing Descent in the Female Line from an Original Mare. 

[From the First Volume of the " General Stud Book."] 

ist dam Burton Barb mare 

2nd ,, Mare by Dicky Pierson 

3rd Old Thornton by Brimmer 

4th Chestnut Thornton by Makeless 

5th Lusty Thornton by Crofts's Bay Barb 

6th Brown Woodcock by Woodcock 

7th Mare by Partner 

8th Miss Makeless by Y. Greyhound (son of Brown Farewell). 



9th dam Miss Cade by Cade 
loth Mare by Cullen Arabian 
nth Mare by Old England 
izth Manilla by Goldfinder (gr.-g.-grandam of 

BLACKLOCK) 



1 3th dam Miss Judy by Alfred 

I4th ,, Mare by Stamford 

1 5th ,, Electress by Election (grandam of 

TEDDINGTON) 
1 6th Splitvote by St. Luke 
1 7th Bribery by The Libel (dam of 
ST. ALBANS) 



1 3th dam Hornet by Drone 
I4th Rival by Sir Peter 
1 5th Thalestris by Alexander 
1 6th Peri by Wanderer (dam of 
SIR HERCULES) 



9th dam Mare by Traveller 
loth Lass of the Mill by Oroonoko 
nth Atalanta by Matchem 
1 2th Flora by King Fergus 
1 3th Mare by Hyacinthus 
i4th Treasure by Camillus 
i5th Leda by Filho da Puta 
1 6th Martha Lynn by Mulatto (dam of 
VOLTIGEUR) 



VOL. Ill 



APPENDIX. 



F. The Pedigree of BLACK LOCK. 



/Hambletonian 
(B. 1792) 



/ 



BLACKLOCK 
(Bay 1814) 



Whitelock 
(Bay- 
1803) 



King Fergus 
(Ch.-i77 S ) 



Daughter of 
B. 1782) 



Rosalind 

, (Ch. 1788) 



Phenomenon 



Atalanta 

;ch.-i 7 6 9 ) 



/PotSos 

(Ch. 1773) 



/Coriander 






Daughter of 
(Cnestnut [ 
1799) 



\ Lavender 
(B.-I77 4 ) 



Wildgoose 



Highflyer 
(B.-i77 4 ) 



Coheiress 
;Ch. 1786) 



/Eclipse 

(Ch.-i76 4 ) 



Creeping Polly 
(Ch. 1756) 



/ = . 

(B.-I774) 

Monimia 
V (Gr. 177!) 



'Herod 

(B.-I 7S 8) 



I Frenzy 



(Ch.-i 774 ) 



I Matchem 
(B.-i 74 8) 

Lass of the 
Mill 

I ( 1756) 



E< 5r P vf e 
(Ch.-i 7 6 4 ) 



Sportsmistress 
( 1765) 



/Herod 

f (B.-I7S8) 



Daughter of 
V ( 1765) 



(Herod 
(B.-i 7S 8) 
Rachel 
( 1763) 



/PotSos 

(Ch.-i77 3 ) 



1 Manilla 

V (Br.-i 7 77) 



/Marske by Squirt (Bartlet's Childers by Darley A.-sister to Old Country Wench 
by Snake) daughter of Blacklegs (Hutton's Bay Barb), etc 

I P ,', ta by Re 8 ulus (Godolphin Arabian Grey Robinson by Bald Galloway) 
Mother Western (Smith's son of Snake Old Montague mare) 

/ Black and All Black (also called Othello) by Crab (Acaster Turk- sister lo 

Soreheel by Basto) Miss Slamerkin by True Blue etc 

Fanny by Tartar (Partner by Jigg-Meliora by Fox, son of Clumsy)- daughter 
( of Starling (Bay Bolton by Grey Hautboy daughter of Brownlow T.} 

( Her u d b j Tar ', ar (a ov , e) -9 y P ron by Blaze (Childers-daughter of Grey Grantham 
I by Brownlow Turk) Selima by Bethell's Arabian 

Rachel by Blank (Godolphin Little Hartley mare by Bartlet's Childers)-daughter 
( of Kegulus (Godolphin) daughter of Soreheels (Basto by Byerly T. ) 
/Matchem by Cade (Godolphin Roxana by Bald Galloway, son of St Victor's 

Barb) daughter of Partner (above) daughter of Matchless 

Daughter of Alcides (Babraham by Godolphin-Large Hartley marej-dawjhter 
( oJ Lrab (above)- Snap's dam by Fox (above) Gipsy by Bay Bolton, etc! 
Tartar by Partner (above) Meliora by Fox (Clumsy by Hautboy Miss D'Arcv's 

Pet mare) Milkmaid by Sir W. Blacket's Snail, etc 

Cypron by Blaze (Childers-Confederate filly by Grey Grantham)-Selima by 
Bethell's A. daughter of Champion (Harpur A.), etc. 

pse by Marske (above)-Spiletta by Regulus (above)-Mother Western 

above) the Old Montague mare daughter of Hautboy etc 
Daughter of Engineer (Sampson by Blaze-daughter of Greyhound)-Lass of the 

Mill by Traveller (Partner daughter of Almanzor by Darley A.), etc. 
/Cade by Godolphin-Roxana by Bald Galloway (St. Victor's Barb)-daughter 
I of W hy Not by Fenwick Barb sister to Chanter by Acaster Turk 
Daughter of Partner (Jigg sister to Mixbury by Curwen's Bay Barb, daughter of 

Spot) daughter of Makeless (Oglethorpe Arabian) daughter of Brimmer 
Oroonoko by Crab (above)-Miss Slamerkin by Y. True Blue (above) dauehter 
T of .. L rfI ^ ord ' s Dun Arabian D'Arcy's Black-legged Royal mare 
Lass of the Mill by 1 raveller (above)-Miss Makeless (above)-Miss Does dam 
by Woodcock (Merlin Son of Brimmer) Croft's Bay Barb 

!- Marske by Squirt (Bartlet's Childers by Darley Arabian)-daughter of Blacklees 
(Hutton's Bay Barb daughter of Coneyskins, son of Lister Turk 
Spiletta by Regulus (above)-Mother Western by Smith's son of Snake (Lister 
lurk) the Old Montague mare daughter of Hautboy 

.'Sportsman by Cade (Godolphin-Roxana, as above) Silvertail by Whitenose 
I/- i , T ,~ dau 8 hter of Heneage's Jigg) daughter of Rattle, etc. 
j Golden Locks by Oroonoko (abo-re) daughter of Crab (above)-daughter of 
Partner (above) Thwait's Dun mare by the Acaster Turk Royal mare 

Tartar by Partner (above)-Meliora by Fox (above)-Milkmaid by Snail (above) 

Shields Galloway (breeding unknown) 
Cypron by Blaze (above)-Selima by Bethell's Arabian-daughter of Champion 

(Harpur Arabian daughter of Hautboy) daughter of Darley Arabian 
Snap by Snip (Childers-daughter of Basto, sister to Soreheels) sister to Slip bv 

Fox (Clumsy Bay Peg by Leedes A. Gipsy by Bay Bolton etc 
Miss Roan (Sweet William's dam) by Cade (above)-Madam by Bloody Buttocks 

(a grey Arabian), rest of parentage unknown 

Tartar by Partner (above)-Meliora by Fox (above)-Milkmaid by Snail (above) 

Shields Galloway (breeding unknown) 
Cypron by Blaze (above)-Selima by Bethell's Arabian-daughter of Champion 

(Harpur Arabian-daughter of Hautboy)-daughter of Darley Arabian 
Blank by the Godolphin Arabian-Little Hartley mare by Bartlet's Childers 

(IJarley A.) Hying Whig by \\ilhams' Woodstock Arab 
Daughter of Regulus (above)-daughter of Soreheels (Basto-daughter of Curwen's 

Bay Barb, sister to Mixbury) daughter of Makeless (Oglethorpe Arabian) 
Eclipse by Marske (Squirt by Bartlet's Childeis)-Spiletta by Regulus (Godolphin) 

Mother Western by Smith's son of Snake (Lister Turk) 
Sportsmistress by Sportsman (Cade) Silvertail by Whitenose Golden Locks by 

Oroonoko (above) daughter of Crab daughter of Partner, etc. 
Goldfinder by Snap (above)-daughter of Blank (above)-daughter of Regulus 

(above)-Lpnsdale Bay Arabian-Bonny Lass by Bay Bolton (above) 
Daughter of Old England (Godolphin-Little Hartley mare by Bartlet's Childers) 

daughter of the Cullen Arabian daughter of Cade Miss Makeless 



APPENDIX. 



G. The Pedigree of CARBINE. 



/Musket (Bay 
1867) 



CARBINE 

(Hay- 1 885) 



/ Knowsley 



/Longbow 
(B. 1849) 



/Toxophilite 
(B.-I855) 



Legerdemain 
(B. 1846) 



West Austra- 
lian (B. 
1850) 



Daughter of / 
(B.-I857) 



Brown Bess 
\ (Br. 1844) 



/Stockwell 
(Ch. 1849) 



Mersey 
(Chestnut 
-1874) 



Daughter of 
\ (B. 1853) 



f Newminster 
(B. 1848) 



C lenience 
(B. 1865) 



Eulogy 
(B.-I843) 



Ithuriel 
(Br. 1841) 



Miss Bowe 
(B. 1834) 



Pantaloon 

(Ch. 1824) 



Decoy 

(B.-l8 3 o) 



Melbourne 
(Br. 1834) 



Mowerina 
(B.-i8 43 ) 



tamel 
Bl. 1822) 
laughter of 
(B. 1829) 



The Baron 
(Ch. 1842) 



Pocahontas 
(B.-i8 3 7) 



Orlando 
(B. 1841) 



Brown Bess 
(Br. 1844) 



Touchstone 
(Br. 1831) 



Beeswing 
(B.-i8 33 ) 



Euclid 

(Ch. 1836) 



Martha Lynn 
(Br. 1837) 



Touchstone by Camel (Whalebone) Banter by Master Henry (Orville) - Boadicea 

by Alexander (Eclipse) Brunette by Amaranthus, etc. 
Verbena by Velocipede (Blacklock) Rosalba by Milo (Sir Peter) The Wren 

by Woodpecker (Herod) daughter of Alexander daughter of Highflyer 

! Catton by Golumpus (Gohanna) Lucy Grey by Timothy (Delpini by Highflyer) 

Lucy by Florizel (Herod) Frenzy by Eclipse (Marske), etc. 
Wagtail's dam by Orville (Beningbro') Miss Grimstone by Weasel (Herod 
daughter of Eclipse) daughter of Ancaster Starling, etc. 

Castrel by Buzzard (Woodpecker) daughter of Alexander (Eclipse) daughter of 

Highflyer daughter of Alfred by Matchem daughter of Engineer, etc. 
' Idalia by Peruvian (Sir Peter) Musidora by Meteor (Eclipse) Maid of All Work 
by Highflyer sister to Tandem by Syphon daughter of Regulus 

,Filho-da-Puta by Haphazard (Sir Peter) Mrs. Barnet by Waxy (PotSos) 

daughter of Woodpecker (Herod) Heinel by Squirrel dau. of Babraham. 
Finesse by Peruvian (Sir Peter) Violante by John Bull (Fortitude Xantippe) 
sister to Skyscraper by Highflyer Everlasting (Eclipse), etc. 

Humphry Clinker by Comus (Sorcerer) Clinkerina by Clinker Pewet by 
Tandem Termagant by Tantrum Cantatrice by Sampson, etc. 

Daughter of Cervantes (Don Quixote by Eclipse) daughter of Golumpus (Go- 
hanna) daughter of Paynator sister to Zodiac by St. George, etc. 

Touchstone by Camel (Whalebone) Banter by Master Henry (Orville) Boadicea 

by Alexander (Eclipse) Brunette by Amaranthus, etc. 
Emma by Whisker (Waxy) Gibside Fairy by Hermes (Mercury by Eclipse) 

Vicissitude by Pipator (Imperator) Beatrice by Sir Peter. 

Whalebone by Waxy (PotSos Maria by Herod) Penelope by Trumpator (Con- 
ductor) Prunella by Highflyer Promise by Snap, etc. 

Daughter of Selim (Buzzard daughter of Alexander) Maiden by Sir Peter 

daughter of Phenomenon Matron by Florizel Maiden by Matchem, etc. 

/ Brutandorf by Blacklock (Whitelock) Mandane by PotSos (Eclipse) Y. Camilla 

by Woodpecker (Herod Misfortune by Dux) Camilla, etc. 

Mrs. Cruickshank by Welbeck (Catton) Tramp's dam by Gohanna Fraxinella 
by Trentham (Sweepstakes) sister to Goldfinch, etc. 

Birdcatcher by Sir Hercules (Whalebone) Guiccioli by Bob Booty Flight by 
Irish Escape Y. Heroine by Bagot Heroine by Hero, etc. 

Echidna by Economist (Whisker) Miss Pratt by Blatklock Gadabout by Orville 
Minstrel by Sir Peter Matron by Florizel, etc. 

j'Glencoe by Sultan (Selim) Trampoline by Tramp Web by Waxy Penelope 
| by Trumpator Prunella by Highflyer Promise by Snap, etc. 
Marpessa by Muley (Orville) Clare by Marmion Harpalice by Gohanna 
( Amazon by Driver Fractious by Mercury, etc. 

Touchstone by Camel (Whalebone) Banter by Master Henry (Orville) Boadicea 

by Alexander (Eclipse) Brunette by Amaranthus, etc. 
Vulture by Langar (Selim) Kite by Bustard (Castrel) Olympia by Sir Oliver 

(Sir Peter) Harmony by Herod Rutilia by Blank, etc. 

Camel by Whalebone (Waxy) daughter of Selim Maiden by Sir Peter daughter 
of Phenomenon Matron by Floiizel Maiden by Matchem, etc. 

Daughter of Brutandorf (Blacklock Mandane) Mrs. Cruickshank by Welbeck 
(Catton) Tramp's dam by Gohanna Fraxinella by Trentham, etc. 

Camel by Whalebone (Waxy) daughter of Selim Maiden by Sir Peter daughter 
of Phenomenon Matron by Florizel Maiden by Matchem, etc. 

Banter by Master Henry (Orville) Boadicea by Alexander Brunette by Ama- 
ranthus Mayfly by Matchem daughter of Ancaster Starling, etc. 

Dr. Syntax by Paynator (Trumpator) daughter of Beningbro' Jenny Mole by 
Carbuncle (Babraham Blank) daughter of Prince T'Quassa, etc. 

Daughter of Ardrossan (John Bull) Lady Eliza by Whitworth (Agonistes by Sir 
Peter daughter of Jupiter by Eclipse) daughter of Spadille, etc. 

Emilius by Orville (Beningbro' Evelina) Emily by Stamford (Sir Peter 

Horatia by Eclipse) daughter of Whisky (Saltram Calash), etc. 

Maria by Whisker (Waxy Penelope by Trumpator) Gibside Fairy by Hermes 
(Mercury) Vicissitude by Pipator (Imperator), etc. 

I Mulatto by Catton (Golumpus Lucy Grey by Timothy) Desdemona by Orville 
(Beningbro') Fanny by Sir Peter daughter of Drained, etc. 
Leda by Filho-da-Puta (Haphazard Mrs. Barnet by Waxy) Treasure by Camillus 
(Hambletonian) daughter of Hyacinthus (Coriander), etc. 



APPENDIX 



H. Three French Pedigrees 







( Trumpeter 




i Plutus 
! Flageolet 
( La Favorite 


( Planet mare 
( Monarque 






( Constance 


Beauminet 




( Stockwell 




i Knowsley 


/ Orlando mare 




Beauty 
( Bargain 


( Barnton 
( Kernel 


/Chalet 
The Frisky Matron 


k Parmesan 
/ Cremorne 
( Rigolboche 


( Sweetmeat 
( Gruyere 
( Rataplan 
( Gardham mare 


i 


t The Marquis 
( Mayfair 
( May Queen 


( Stockwell 
(Cinizelli 
( Trumpeter 
( May Bell 


MAXIMUM II. (1899) ( 


( Bay Middleton 
Flying Dutchman } 


( Sultan 
( Cobweb 




\ Barbelle 


( Sandbeck 






(Darioletta 


Dollar 


( Slane 
Payment ? 
I Receipt 


I Royal Oak 
( Orville mare 
( Rowton 
(Sam mare 


\ Urgence 








k The Emperor 
1 Monarque 
( Poetess 


( Reveller mare 
( Royal Oak 


Promise 


. .. k Gladiator 
Mademoiselle de 1 


(Ada 
( Partisan 
( Pauline 




Chantilly UlaidofMona 


( Tory Boy 






(Kite 




(Salon (i860 
,- Barcaldine (1878) < 
( Ballyree (1872) 


) West Australian (1850) 
( Birdcatcher mare (1850) 
1 Belladrum (1866) 
) Bon Accord (1867) 


Winkfield (1885) 
.Winkfield's Pride 


( Beadsman (1855) 
lChaplet(iS 7 2) 
( Mad. Eglentine (1857) 


( Weatherbit (1842) 
( Mendicant (1843) 
(Cowl (1842) 
( Diversion (1838) 


(1893) 
Alimony (1889) 


{Sterling (1868) 
Isola Bella (1868) 

( Hermit (1864) 
Alibech (1883) 
(Daughter of (1874) 


(Oxford (1857! 
jWhisperCtSs?! 
(Stockwell (1849) 
(Isoline(i86o) 
( Newminster (1848) 
( Seclusion (1857) 
(Musket (1867) 
(Teddington mare (1855) 


QUO VADIS (1900) ( 
Petrarch (1873) 


, at > ( Newminster (1848) 
ILord Clifden (1860) J 
(The Slave (1832) 
j Orlando (1841) 
Laura (r86o) J 

( Torment (1850) 


( Touchstone (1831) 
( Beeswing (1833) 
( Melbourne (1834) 
1 Volley (1845) 
(Touchstone 1,1831) 
) Vulture (1833) 
(Alarm (1842) 
(Glencoe mare (1837) 


\ Filomena (1888) 
Hawthorndale (1867) 


k Rataplan (1850) 
. Kettledrum (1858) < 
(Hybla(i8 4 6) 

1 Lady Alice Hawthorn i Newminster (,848) 
" (' 8s9) 1 Lady Hawthorn (1854) 


(The Baron (1842) 
( Pocahontas (1837) 
(The Provost (1836) 
(Otuina (1837) 

(Touchstone (1831) 
(Bees wing (1833) 
i Windhound (1850) 
(Alice Hawthorn (1838) 


' 


{ Flying Dutchman(i846' 
Payment (1848) 


i Bay Middleton (1833) 
> Barbelle (1836) 
(Slane (1833) 
( Receipt (1836) 


Upas (1883) 


k Skirmisher (1854) 
Rosemary (1870) < 
( Vertumna (1859) 


( Voltigeur ( 1847) 
( Gardham mare (1843) 
(Stockwell (1849) 
t Garland (1835) 


/Omnium II. (1892) 


{Chattanooga (1862) 
Araucaria (1862) 


( Orlando (1841) 
( Ayacanora (1854) 
( Ambrose (1849) 
( Pocahontas (.1837) 


Bluette (1886) 


( Hermit (1864) 
Blue Serge (1876) ) 
( Blue Sleeves (1869) 


( Newminster (1848) 
(Seclusion (1857) 
( Beadsman (1855) 
(Mrs. Quickly (1857) 


ARIZONA (1899) / 


I.--TJ ,, ^ ( Lord Ronald (1862) 
Master Kildare(i875) ) 

( Silk (!869) 


( Stockwell (1849) 
1 Edith (1857-) 
(Plum Pudding (rSj?) 
(Judy Go (1854) 


Melton (1882) 


, (Scottish Chief (1861) 
Violet Melrose(i875) J 


( Lord of the Isles (1842) 
"( Miss Ann (1843) 


\Attractive (1888) 
Mirobolante (1874) 


(Violet (1864) 

( Sweetmeat (1842) 
Macaroni (1860) < 
(Jocose (1843) 

)' The Cure (1841) 


( Thormanby (1857) 
1 Woodbine Ci86o) 
(Gladiator (1833) 
( Lollypop (.1836) 
( Pantaloon (1824) 
(Banter (1823) 
( Physician (1829) 
(Morsel (1836) 




Tasmania (1854) 


^ !\1 *lbourne-( 1834 ' 






V Picaroon mare (1846) 



APPENDIX. 



J. The Pedigree of BEESWING. 



/Paynator 

(Br.-i 79 i) 



/Dr. Syntax 
(Br. 1811) 



Trumpator 
(Bl. 1782) 



Daughter of 



BEESWING 
(Bay-i8 33 ) 



'Beningbrough 
(B. 1791) 



Dam of 



\ 



Jenny Mole 

( ) 



/John Bull 
(Ch.-i 7 8 9 ) 



Ardrossan 
(B. 1809) \ 



Daughter of 
(Cfa.-i8i 7 ) 



Miss Whip 
( 1793) 



Lady Eliza 



V 



''Whitworth 
(B. 1805) 



Daughter of 

X.Y.Z.'s Dam 
S (B.-I793) 



Conductor by Matchem (Cade daughter of Partner) daughter of Snap 

daughter of The Cullen A. Lady Thigh by Partner (Jigg sister 

to Mixbury), etc. 
Brunette by Squirrel Dove by Matchless daughter of Ancaster Starling 

daughter of Grasshopper daughter of Sir M. Newton's Bay A. 

daughter of Pert, etc. 

!Marc Antony by Spectator Rachel by Blank (The Godolphin) daughter 
of Regulus daughter of Soreheels daughter of Makeless D'Arcy's 
Royal mare 
Signora by Snap (Snip by Childers) Miss Windsor by The Godol- 
phin sister to Volunteer by Y. Belgrade daughter of Bartlet's 
Childers, etc. 

King Fergus by Eclipse (Marske Spiletta) Polly by Black and All 

Black Fanny by Tartar daughter of Old Starling daughter of 

Childers, etc. 
Daughter of Herod Pyrrha by Matchem Duchess by Whitenose 

Miss Slamerkin by Y. True Blue daughter of Lord Oxford's Dun 

Arabian, etc. 

/Carbuncle by Babraham Blank (The Godolphin) daughter of Cade (The 

Godolphin) daughter of Fox (Clumsy Bay Peg) sister to Bay 

Bolton, etc. 
\ Daughter of Prince T'Quassa (Snip Dairy Maid) Bloody Buttocks 

daughter of Regulus (The Godolphin) daughter of Partner (Jigg 

sister to Mixbury), etc. 

/Fortitude by Herod (Tartar Cypron) daughter of Snap Milksop by 

Cade Miss Partner by Partner daughter of Makeless daughter 

of Brimmer, etc. 
\ Xantippe (sister to Don Quixote) by Eclipse (Marske) Grecian Princess 

by Williams's Forester daughter of Coalition colt daughter of 
\ Bustard, etc. 
/Volunteer by Eclipse daughter of Tartar daughter of Mogul daughter 

of Sweepstakes sister to Sloven by Bay Bolton daughter of Curwen 

Bay Barb, etc. 
\ Wimbledon by Evergreen (Herod Angelica) sister to Calash by Herod 

Teresa by Matchem daughter of Regulus sister to Ancaster 
\ Starling. 

/Agonistes by Sir Peter (Highflyer by Herod) The Wren by Wood- 
pecker (Herod) Papillon by Snap Miss Cleveland by Regulus 

Midge, etc. 
', Daughter of Jupiter (Eclipse) daughter of Highflyer (Herod) daughter 

of Matchem sister to Pioneer by Old England Little Partner by 

Traveller, etc. 

Spadille by Highflyer (Herod) Flora by Squirrel (Traveller) Angelica 

by Snap daughter of Regulus Bartlet's Childers Honeywood 

Arabian, etc. 
Sylvia by Y. Marske Ferret by brother to Silvio (Cade) Regulus 

Lord Morton's A. Mixbury Mulso Bay T. Bay Bolton 

Coneyskins, etc. 



APPENDIX. 



K. The Pedigree of STOCKWELL. 



/Sir Hercules 
(Bl. 1826) 



Birdcatcher 
(Ch. 1833) \ 



STOCKWELL 

(Chestnut -- 
1849) 



The Baron 
(Chestnut 
1842) 



Guiccioli 
(Ch. 1826) { 



/Economist 
(B. 1826) 



Echidna 
\ (Br.-i8 3 7) \ 



Miss 1'ratt 
(B. 1825) 



/Glencoe 

(Ch. 1833) ( 



Sultan 

(B. 1816) 



Pocahontas 

(Bay- 
\ 1837) 



Trampoline 
(B.-i82 5 ) 



Muley 

(B. 1810) 



Marpessa 
, (U. 1830) 



Clare 

(13. 1824) 



Whalebone 
(Br. 1807) 



Peri 
(B. 1822) 



Bob Booty 
(Ch.-i8o 4 ) 



Flight 

(Ch. 1808) 



Whisker 



Floranthe 



Blacklock 
(B. 1817) 



Gadabout 
(Br. 1812) 



Selim 

(Ch. 1802) 



Bacchante 
(B. 1809) 



Tramp 
(B. 1810) 



Web 

(B. 1808) 



Orville 

(B.-1799) 



Eleanor 
I (B.-I/98) 



Marmion 
(B. 1806) 



Harpalice 

(B. iS 



!'Waxy by PotSos (Eclipse Sportsmistress by Sportsman) Maria by Herod 
(Tartar Cypron) Lisette by Snap (Snip by Childers), etc. ' 
Penelope by Trumpator (Conductor Brunette by Squirrel) Prunella by High- 
flyer (Herod Rachel) Promise by Snap Julia by Blank, etc. 

Wanderer by Gohanna (Mercury sister to Challenger) Catherine (sister to 

Colibri) by Woodpecker (Herod Miss Ramsden) Camilla, etc. 
Thalestris by Alexander (Eclipse Grecian Princess) Rival by Sir Peter (High- 
flyer) Hornet by Drone (Herod) Manilla by Goldfinder, etc. 
! Chanticleer by Woodpecker (Herod Miss Ramsden) daughter of Eclipse 
(Marske) Rosebud by Snap (Snip) Miss Belsea by Regulus, etc. 
lerne by Bagot (Herod Marotte by Matchem) daughter of Camahoe (Bustard 
by Crab daughter of Regulus) Patty by Tim (Squirt) Miss Patch, etc. 

Irish Escape by Commodore (Tug by Herod Smallhopes) daughter of High- 
flyer (Herod Rachel) Shift by Sweetbriar (Syphon) Black Susan, etc. 
Y. Heroine by Bagot (above) Heroine by Hero (Cade), sister to Regulus by 

The Godolphin Grey Robinson by The Bald Galloway, etc. 
Waxy by PotSos (Eclipse Sportsmistress by Sportsman) Maria by Herod 

(Tartar Cypron) Lisette by Snap (Snip by Childers), etc. 

Penelope by Trumpator (Conductor Brunette by Squirrel) Prunella by High- 
flyer (Hercd Rachel) Promise by Snap Julia by Blank, etc. 
(Octavian by Stripling (Phenomenon Laura by Eclipse) daughter of Oberon 
(Highflyer Queen Mab by Eclipse) sister to Sharper by Ranthos, etc. 
Caprice by Anvil (Herod daughter of Feather Crazy by Lath) Madcap by 
Eclipse daughter of Blank (Godolphin A.) daughter of Blaze, etc. 

Whitelock by Hambletonian (King Fergus by Eclipse Polly) Rosaline by 

Phenomenon (Herod Frenzy) Atalanta by Matchem (Cade), etc. 
Daughter of Coriander (PotSos Lavender by Herod) Wild Goose by Highflyer 

(Herod Rachel) Coheiress by PotSos (above) Manilla, etc. 
Orville by Beniiigbro' (King Fergus daughter of Herod) Evelina by Highflyer 

(Herod Rachel by Blank) Termagant by Tantrum (Cripple), etc. 
Minstrel by Sir Peter (Highflyer Papillon by Snap) Matron by Florize (Herod) 

Maiden by Matchem (Cade) daughter of Squirt (Syphon), etc. 

(Buzzard by Woodpecker (Herod Miss Ramsden) Misfortune by Dux (Matchem 
Duchess) Curiosity by Snap (Snip) daughter of Regulus, etc. 
Daughter of Alexander (Eclipse Grecian Princess) daughter of Highflyer (Herod 
Rachel by Blank) dau. of Alfred (brother to Conductor by Matchem), etc. 

Williamson's Ditto by Sir Peter (Highflyer Papillon) Arethusa by Dungannon 

(Eclipse Aspasia) daughter of Prophet (Regulus), etc. 

Sister to Calomel by Mercury (Eclipse Old Tartar mare) daughter of Herod- 
Folly by Marske (Squirt daughter of Blacklegs) Vixen by Regulus, etc. 
1'Dick Andrews by Joe Andrews (Eclipse- Amaranda) daughter of Highflyer 
(Herod Rachel) dau. of Cardinal Puff dau. of Taller dau. of Snip, etc. 
Daughter of Gohanna (Mercury sister to Challenger by Herod) Fraxinella by 
Trentham (Sweepstakes) daughter of Woodpecker (above) Everlasting, etc. 

| Waxy by PotSos (Eclipse Sportsmistress by Sportsman) Maria by Herod 

(Tartar Cypron) Lisette by Snap (Snip) Miss Windsor, etc. 
I Penelope by Trumpator (Conductor Brunette) Prunella by Highflyer (Herod 
' Rachel) Promise by Snap Julia by Blank, etc. 
Beningbro' by King Fergus (Eclipse Polly) daughter of Herod (Tartar 

Cypron) Pyrrha by Matchem (Cade daughter of Partner) Duchess, etc. 
Evelina by Highflyer (Herod Rachel by Blank) Termagant by Tantrum 
(Clippie by The Godolphin) daughter of Regulus (The Godolphin), etc. 

Whisky by Saltram (Eclipse Virago by Regulus) Calash by Herod (Tartar 

Cypron) Teresa by Matchem (Cade daughter of Partner), etc. 
Y. Giantess (Sorcerer's clam) by Diomed (Florizel daughter of Spectator) 

Giantess by Matchem (Cade daughter of Partner) Molly-Long-Legs, etc. 
i' Whisky by Saltram (Eclipse Virago) Calash by Herod (Tartar Cypron) 

Teresa by Matchem (Cade daughter of Partner), etc. 

IY. Noisette by Diomed (Florizel daughter of Spectator) Noisette by Squirrel 
{ (Traveller Grey Bloody Buttocks) Carina by Marske (Squirt), etc. 
I'Gohanna by Mercury (Eclipse Old Tartar mare) sister to Challenger by Herod 

(Tartar Cypron) Maiden by Matchem (Cade), etc. 

Amazon by Driver (Trentham Coquette) Fractious by Mercury (Eclipse) 
daughter of Woodpecker (Herod) Everlasting by Eclipse Ilyama, etc. 



APPENDIX. 



L The Pedigree of BEND OR. 



BEND OR (Chest 
nut 1877) \ 



The Baron 
(Ch. 1842) 



/Stockwell 
(Ch.-i8 4 9) , 



Pocahontas 
v (B.-I837) 



Doncaster 
(Chestnut 
-1870) 



Marigold 
(Ch. 1860) 



/Teddington 
(Ch. 1848) 



Sister to 
Singapore 
(B. 1852) 



'\Vinclhound 
(B. 1850) 



Rouge Rose 

Chestnut 
\ -1865) 



Thormanby 
(Ch.-i8 57 ) 



Alice Hawthorn 
(B. 1838) 



Birdcatcher 
(Ch. 1833) 



Echidna 
(B. 1838) 



Glencoe 
(Ch.-i8 33 ) 



Marpessa 
(B. 1830} 



/Orlando 
(B. 1841) 

' Miss 

Twickenham 
( (Ch. 1838) 

Ratan 

(Ch. 1841) 



Daughter of 
(Br.-i844) 



I Pantaloon 
(13. 1824) 



Phrvne 

(Br. 1840) 

Muley 
Moloch 
(B.-I830) 



'Redshank 
(B.-i8 33 ) 



Ellen Home 
L (Ch.-iS4 4 ) 



Delhi 



Rebecca 
(B.- 



Sandbeck 
(B. 1818) 



Johanna 
(Ch. 1813) 



Plenipo- 
tentiary 
(Ch. 1831) 



Pawn Junior 
(Br. 1817) 



.'Sir Hercules by Whalebone (Waxy Penelope) Peri by Wanderer Thalestris 

by Alexander Rival by Sir Peter Hornet by Drone 

Guiccioli by Bob Booty (Chanticleer lerne) Flight l>y Irish Escape Young 
Heroine by Bagot (Herod) Heroine by Hero sister to Regulus 

Economist by Whisker (Waxy Penelope) Floranthe by Octavian Caprice by 
Anvil Madcap by Eclipse daughter of Blank daughter of Blaze 

Miss Pratt by Blacklock Gadabout by Orville Minstrel by Sir Peter Matron 
by Florizel Maiden by Matchem, etc. 

! Sultan by Selim (Buzzard daughter of Alexander) Bacchante by Williamson's 
Ditto (Sir Peter) sister to Calomel by Mercury daughter of Herod. 
Trampoline by Tramp Web by Waxy Penelope by Trumpator Prunella by 
Highflyer Promise by Snap Julia by Blank, etc. 

Muley by Orville (above) Eleanor by Whisky Young Giantess by Diomed 
Giantess by Matchem Molly Long Legs by Babraham, etc. 

Clare by Marmion (Whisky Young Noisette) Harpalice (Gohanna) Amazon 
by Driver Fractious by Mercury daughter of Woodpecker, etc. 

I Touchstone by Camel (Whalebone by Waxy) Banter by Master Henry 
Boadicea by Alexander (Eclipse) Brunette by Amaranlhus, etc. 
Vulture by Langar Kite by I ustard Olympia by Sir Oliver (Sir Peter) 
Scotilla by Anvil Scota by Eclipse Harmony by Herod Rutilia, etc. 
IRockingham by Humphrey Clinker (Comus Clinkerina) Medora by Swords- 
man (Buffer by Prizefighter) daughter of Trumpator Peppermint, etc. 
Electress by Election (Gohanna Chestnut Skim) daughter of Stamford Miss 
Judy by Alfred Manilla by Goldfinder daughter of Old England 

Buzzard by Blacklock (above) Miss Newton by Delpini Tipple Cyder by 
King Fergus (Eclipse) Sylvia by Young Marske (Marske) 

Daughter of Picton (Smolensko daughter of Dick Andrew*) daughter of Selim 
(above) daughter of Pipator Queen Mab by Eclipse clau. of Old Tartar 

Melbourne by Humphry Clinker daughter of Cervantes (Don Quixote) daughter 
of Golumpus daughter of Paynator sister to Zodiac by St. George, etc. 

Lizbeth by Phantom (Walton Julia by Whisky) Elizabeth by Rainbow 
Belvoirina by Stamford sister to Silver by Mercury daughter of Herod 

Castrel by Buzzard (Woodpecker Misfortune by Dux) daughter of Alexander 
daughter of Highflyer dau. of Alfred (brother to Conductor) by Matchem 

Idalia by Peruvian Musidora by Meteor Maid of All Work by Highflyer 
sister to Tandem by Syphon daughter of Regulus daughter of Snip 

Touchstone by Camel (Whalebone by Waxy) Banter by Master Henry 
Boadicea by Alexander Brunette by Amaranthus Mayfly, etc. 

Decoy by Filho-da-Puta (Haphazard Mrs. Barnet by Waxy) Finesse by 
Peruvian Violante by John Bull sister to Skyscraper, etc. 

Muley by Orville Eleanor by Whisky Young Giantess by Matchem Giantess 

by Matchem Molly Long Legs by Babraham, etc. 
Nancy by Dick Andrews Spitfire by Beningbro' daughter of Young Sir Peter 

daughter of Engineer dau. ol Wilson's A. dau. of Hutton's Spot, etc. 

Lottery by Tramp (above) Mandane by PotSos (Eclipse) Young Camilla by 
Woodpecker Camilla by Trentham daughter of The Godolphin. 

Daughter of Cervantes (Don Quixote Evelina) Anticipation by Beningbro' 
Expectation (sister to Telemachus) by Herod daughter of Skim 

I Gallon by Golumpus Lucy Grey by Timothy Lucy by Klorizel Frenzy by 
J Eclipse daughter of Engineer daughter of Blank Lass of ihe Mill, etc. 
jOrvillina (sister to Orville) by Beningbro' (above) Evelina by Highflyer 
\ Termagant by Tantrum Cantatrice by Sampson daughter of Regulus 

Selim by Buzzard daughter of Alexander daughter of Highflyer daughler of 
Alfred dau. of Engineer Bay Malton's dam by Cade Lass of the Mill, etc. 

Comical's dam by Skyscraper daughter of Dragon Fidget's dam by Matchem 
sister to Sweetbriar by Syphon dau. of Shakespeare dau. of Cade, etc. 

Emilius by Orville Emily by Stamford daughter of Whisky Grey Dorimant by 
Dorimant Dizzy by Blank Dizzy by Driver daughler of Smiling Tom, etc. 

Harriet by Pericles daughter of Selim Pipylina by Sir Peter Rally by Trum- 
pator Fancy by Florizel daughler of Spectator si.-ter to Horatius, etc. 

Waxy by PotSos Maria by Ilerod (above) Lisette by Snap (Snip) Miss 
Windsor by The Godolphin sister to Volunteer by Young Belgrade, etc. 

Pawn (sister to Penelope) by Trumpator Prunella by Highflyer Promise by 
Snap Julia by Blank Spectator's dam by Partner, elc. 



APPENDIX. 



M. The Pedigree of ISINGLASS. 



Oxford 
(Ch.-i8 S7 ) 



Sterling 

(B.-I868) \ 



Whisper 
(B.-i8 57 ) 



Isonomy (Bay 
-1875) 



Stock well 
(Ch. 1849) 



Isola Bella 
(B. 1868) 



ISINGLASS 
(Bay 1890) I 



/ Wen lock 

(B. 1869) ' 



Deadlock 
(Chestnut 

\ 1878) 



Isoline 

(B. 1860) 



Lord Clifden 
(B. 1860) 



'Chevalier 
d'Industrie 
(B.-iS 54 ) 



Malpractice 
^ (B. 1864) 



\ 



Dutchman's 
Daughter 
( B.-i8 54 ) 



| Pocahontas 
( (B.-I837) 

Ethelbert 
(Ch.- 1850) 



Mineral 
(Ch.-i863) 



/'Sir Hercules by Whalebone (Waxy Penelope by Trumpator) Peri by Wanderer 
Birdcatcher (Gohanna) Thalestris by Alexander (Eclipse) Rival, etc. 

(Ch. 1833) j Guiccioli by Bob Booty (Chanticleer by Woodpecker lerne by Bagot) Flight 
[ by Irish Escape (Commodore daughter of Highflyer), etc. 

I- Plenipotentiary by Emilius (Orville) Harriet by Pericles (Evander) daughter of 
Selim Pipylina by Sir Peter Rally by Trumpator, etc. 

(B. 1844) I My Dear by Bay Middleton (Sultan Cobweb by Phantom) Miss Letty by 
Priam (Emilius) daughter of Orville daughter of Buzzard, etc. 

Touchstone by Camel (Whalebone daughter of Selim) Banter by Master Henry 
Flatcatcher (Orville) Boadicea by Alexander (Eclipse) Brunette, etc. 

(B. 1841) Decoy by Filho-da-Puta (Haphazard Mrs. Barnet by Waxy) Finesse by 
Peruvian (Sir Peter daughter of Bondrow) Violante, etc. 

I Melbourne by Humphry Clinker (Comus) daughter of Cervantes (Don Quixote) 
Silence daughter of Golumpus (Gohanna) daughter of Paynator, etc. 

(B. 1848) j Secret by Hornsea (Velocipede by Blacklock) Solace by Longwaist Dulcamara 
( by Waxy Witchery by Sorcerer Cobbe'a, etc. 

Birdcatcher by Sir Hercules (Whalebone Peri by Wanderer) Guiccioli by Bob 
The Baron Booty (Chanticleer) Flight by Irish Escape, etc. 

(Ch. 1842) Echidna by Economist (Whisker Floranthe by Octavian) Miss Pratt by Black- 
lock Gadabout by Orville Minstrel by Sir Peter, etc. 

Glencoe by Sultan (Selim Bacchante by Williamson's Ditto) Trampoline by 
Tramp Web by Waxy Penelope by Trumpator, etc. 

Marpessa by Muley (Orville Eleanor by Whisky) Clare by Marmion (Whisky) 
Harpalice by Gohanna Amazon by Driver, etc. 

1'Faugh-a-Ballagh by Sir Hercules (Whalebone Peri by Wanderer) Guiccioli 
by Bob Booty Flight by Irish Escape (Commodore), etc. 
Espoir by Liverpool (Tramp Otis by Bustard) Esperance by Lapdog (Whale- 
bone) Gussette by Merlin Coquette by Dick Andrews, etc. 

IThe Prime Warden by Cadland (Andrew by Orville) Zarina by Morisco (Muley) 
Ina by Smolensko (Sorcerer) Morgiana, etc. 
Miss Whinney by Sir Hercules (Whalebone Peri by Wanderer) Euphrosyne by 
Comus (Sorcerer) sister to Anna Bella by Shuttle, etc. 

('Touchstone by Camel (W ; halebone daughter of Selim) Banter by Master Henry 
Xewminster (Orville) Boadicea by Alexander (Eclipse) Brunette, etc. 

(B. 1848) j Beeswing by Dr. Syntax (Paynator daughter of Beningbro") daughter of 
' Ardrossan (John Bull) Lady Eliza by \Vhitworth (Agonistes), etc. 

(Melbourne by Humphry Clinker (Comus) daughter of Cervantes (Don Quixote) 

daughter of Golumpus (Gohanna) daughter of Paynator, etc. 
j Volley by Voltaire (Blacklock daughter of Phantom) Martha Lynn by Mulatto 
' (Cation) Leda by Filho-da-Puta Treasure by Camillus, etc. 

I The Baron by Birdcatcher (Sir Hercules Guiccioli by Bob Booty) Echidna by 

Economist (Whisker Floranthe by Octavian), etc. 

j Pocahontas by Glencoe (Sultan Trampoline by Tramp) Marpessa by Muley 
\ (Orville Eleanor by Whisky) Clare by Marmion (Whisky), etc. 

Biidcatcher by Sir Hercules (Whalebone Peri by Wanderer) Guiccioli by Bob 
Manganese Booty Flight by Irish Escape (Commodore), etc. 

\ (Ch. 1853) Moonbeam by Tomboy (Jerry by Smolensko Beeswing's dam by Ardrossan) 
Lunatic by Prime Minister (Sancho) Maniac, etc. 

Touchstone by Camel (Whalebone daughter of Selim) Banter by Master Henry 

(Orville) Boadicea by Alexander (Eclipse) Brunette, etc. 
Vulture by Langar (Selim daughter of Walton) Kite by Bustard -Olympia by 

Sir Oliver Scotilla by Anvil (Herod) Scota, etc. 
I Priam by Emilius (Orville Emily by Stamford) Cress da by Whisky (Saltram) 

Y. Giantess by Diomed Giantess by Matchem, etc. 

jArachne by Filho-da-Puta (Haphazard Mrs. Barnet by Waxy) Treasure by 
Camillus (Hambletonian) daughter of Hyacinthus, etc. 

I Bay Middleton by Sultan (Selim Bacchante by Williamson's Ditto) Cobweb 

by Phantom (Walton) Filagree by Soothsayer (Sorcerer), etc. 
I Barbelle by Sandbeck (Catton Orvillina, sister to Orville) Darioletta by 
\ Amadis (Don Quixote) Selinia by Selim daughter of Pol8o.s, etc. 

(' Rubini by St. Patrick (Walton- daughter of Dick Andrews) Slight by Selim 
daughter of PotSos Editha by Herod Elfrida by Snap, etc. 
Sweetbriar by Sultan Antiope by Whalebone Amazon by Driver (Trentham) 
Fractious by Mercury (Eclipse) Woodpecker, etc. 



The Slave 
I (B. 1862) 



Rataplan 
(Ch. 1850) 



'Orlando 
(B. 1841) 



Industry 
(B.-i8 35 ) 



The Flying 
Dutchman 
(B. 1846) 



\ 



VOL. in. 



M M 



APPENDIX. 



N. The Pedigree of PERSIMMON. 

Voltigeur (Br. 1847) 



Galopin 
(Br. 1872) 



^Vedette I 

(Br. 1854) Mrs. Ridgway 
(Ro. 1849) 



Flying Duchess 
\ (B.-i8 53 ) 



St. Simon 





(Brown- -i 88 r; 


/King Tom 






(B.-i8 57 ) 






I 




St. Angela / 




(B. 1865) \ 




Adeline 




\ (B. 1851) 


PERSIMMON 




(Bay 1893) 






' Lord Clifden 




(B. 1860) 






/ Hampton 






(B.-i8 72 ) , 






Lady Langden 






1 (Br. 1868) 




\Perdita II. 




(Bay 1 88 1 ) 






/Y. Melbourne 




(B. 1855) 




Hermione 




(B.-i8 75 ) 


1 La Belle Helene 


\ (Br. 1866) 



The Flying Dutchman 
(Br. 1846) 

Merope (B. 1841) 
(Harkaway (Ch. 1834) 
IPocahontas (B. 1837) 

Ion (B. 1835) 

Little Fairy (B. 1832) 

Newminster (B. 1848) 

The Slave (B. 1852) 

Kettledrum 
(Ch. 1858) 

Haricot (Br. 1847) 
Melbourne (Br. 1834) 
Clarissa (B. 1846) 
St. Albans (Ch. 1857) 

Teterrima (Br. 1859) 



(Voltaire by Blacklock. 
( Martha Lynn by Mulatto. 

j Birdcatcher by Sir Hercules. 
(Nan Darrel by Inheritor. 

| Bay Middleton by Sultan. 
1 Barbelle by Sandbeck. 

( Voltaire by Blacklock. 

I Velocipede's dam by Juniper. 

i Economist by Whisker. 

( Fanny Dawson by Nabocklish. 

j Glencoe by Sultan. 
I Marpessa by Muley. 

j Cain by Paulowitz. 
( Margaret by Edmund. 

( Hornsea by Velocipede. 
( Lacerta by Zodiac. 

( Touchstone by Camel. 
( Beeswing by Dr. Syntax. 

j Melbourne by Humphry Clinker. 
(Volley (sister to Voltigeur) by Voltaire. 

j Rataplan by The Baron. 
( Hybla by The Provost. 

I Lanercost by Liverpool. 
( Queen Mary by Gladiator. 

j Humphry Clinker by Comus. 
( Daughter of Cervantes. 

l Pantaloon by Castrel. 
| Daughter of Glencoe. 

I Stockwell by The Baron. 
( Bribery by The Libel. 

(Voltigeur by Voltaire. 

I Ellen Middleton (dam of Wild Dayrell) by 

( Bay Middleton. 



APPENDIX. 



O. A contemporary ballad on a meeting held on Gatherley Moor in the first 

quarter of the Seventeenth Century. 



; You heard how Gatherly Race was run, 
What horses lost, what horses won, 
And all things else that there was done 

That day. 

Now for a new race I shall you tell 
Was neither run for bowl or bell, 
But for a great wager as it befell, 

Men say. 

Three gentlemen of good report 

This race did make, to make some sport 

To which great company did resort 

With speed. 

To start them then they did require 
A gallant youth, a brave esquire, 
Who yielded soon to their desire 

Indeed. 

They started well, as I heard tell, 

With 'Now ! St. George, God speed you well ! ' 

Let every man look to himsel 

For me. 

From Levern Hill to Popleton Ash 
These horses run with spur and lash 
Through mire and sand and dirt, dish dash 

All three. 



Bay Corbet first the start he got, 
A horse well known, all firey hot, 
But he full soon his fire had shot, 

What ho! 

For he was out of growth so sore 
He could not run as heretofore 
Nor ne'er will run so any more 

I trow. 

Grey Ellerton then got the lead 
A gallant beast of mickle speed 
For he did win the race indeed. 

Even so. 

Grey Appleton the hindmost came 
And yet the horse was not to blame 
The rider needs must have the shame 

For that. 

For tho' he chanced to come behind 

Yet did he run his rider blind ; 

He was a horseman of the right kind 

That's flat. 

For when the race was past and done 
He knew not who had lost nor won 
For he saw neither moon nor sun 

As then. 



And thus the race is at an end 
And so farewell to foe and friend 
God send us joy unto our end. 

Amen." 



APPENDIX. 

p. . The Original Articles for the Twelve Stone Plate at Newmarket instituted by 

King Charles II. in 1665. 

" Articles ordered by His Majestic to be observed by all persons that put in horses to run for the Plate, 
the new Round heate at Newmarkett, set out the 26 th day of October in the 1 7'" yeare of our Sove- 
raign Lord King Charles II. Which Plate to be rid for yearly the seconde Thursday in October 
for ever. 

" Imprint's That every horse, mare or gelding that rideth for this prize shalbe led out between eleven 
and twelve of the clock in the forenoon, and shalbe ready to start by one of the same day. 

Jtem Eury horse that rideth shalbe bridled, saddled, and shod, and his rider shall weigh twelve stone 
fourteen pounds to the stone ; and eury rider that wanteth above one pound and a halfe after he 
hath rid the heat, shall win no plate or prize. 

"Item Eury horse that rides the new Round Course three times over (set out the i6 th day of October 
in the 17 th year of King Charles II.) on the outside of the Ditch from Newmarket, shall leave all 
the posts and flags the first and last heats on the right hand, and the second on the left hand, 
starting and ending at the weighing post, by Cambridge Gap, called Thomond's Post. 

" Item Whatsoever horse rideth willingly, or for advantage, within any of the said flags, shall win no plate 
or prize, but lose his stakes, and ride no more ; but if he be thrust by any horse against his will, 
then he shall lose only the heate ; prouided he keeps all the rest of the flags, and come within 
distance. 

" Item It is allowed for any horse to be relieved at the discrec'on of the owner at the end of each heat, 
and eury horse shall haue half an hour's time to rub between each heat. 

" Item Whosoever doth stop or stay any of the horses that rideth for this plate or prize, if he be either 
owner, servant, party, or bettor, and it appears to be willingly done, he shall win no plate, prize, 
or bets. 

" Item Euery rider that layeth hold on, or striketh any of the riders, shall win no plate or prize. 

" Item If any horse, mare, or gelding, shall fall by any mischance, so that the rider be dismounted, and 

if he does his best afterwards to get within distance, and ride fair (which shall be determined by 

the Judges of the Field) he shall only lose the heat. 

" Item Any of the Judges may weigh any of the riders at the end of any of the heats ; and if he be found 
to have fraudulently cast away any of his weight, and want any more than his pound and a halfe, he 
shall lose the plate, prize, and stakes. 

" Item If any difference shalbe about riding for this plate, which is not expressed in these articles, it 
shalbe referred to the noblemen and gentlemen which are then present, and being contributors to 
the said plate ; but more especially the Judges, the Judge being to be chosen every time the plate 
or prize is run for, by the major part of the contributors that are there present. 

" Item Eury horse that winneth three heats shall win the plate or prize, without running the course. 

" Item Eury horse that runneth for the plate or prize shall put in three pounds, except it be a contri- 
butor's horse, and then he shall put in forty shillings. 

" Item Whosoever winneth the plate or prize shall give to the Clerk of the Course twenty shillings, to be 
distributed to the poor on both sides of Newmarket, and twenty shillings to the Clerk of the Race ; 
for which he is to keep the course plain and free from cart roots. 



APPENDIX 

j tcm The Clerk of the Race is to receive the stakes before any horse starts, and is to deliver it to the 

tenant for the time being, who is to give sufficient security, not only for his rent, but likewise to add 
such stakes to the ensuing plate or prize the next year. 

Item Eury Horse, Mare, or Gelding, that rideth for this plate or prize, shall likewise deposit twenty- 
shillings for every heat, which the winning horse shall haue ; and the last horse of every heat shall 
pay the second horse's stakes and his own, which stakes are likewise to be deposited into the Clerk 
of the Race's hands before the horses start, to pay the winning horse his stakes every heat, and 
likewise twenty shillings to the second horse, to save his stakes ; but if there runneth but two 
horses, then no stakes to be run for but what is to add to the next year's plate. 

tcm No horse that winneth not one of the three Heats shalbe permitted to come in and run the 
course. 

Item The plate or prize is to be run for the second Thursday in October, every rider carrying twelve 

stone weight at fourteen pounds to the stone besides bridle and saddle ; and if any gentleman that 

rides shall carry weight in his saddle he shall haue liberty, provided he allows two pounds to the 

rest for the weight of their saddles. 

i Jtcm The Clerk of the Race is to summons the riders to start again at the end of half an hour by the 

signal of drum, trumpet, or any other way, setting up an hourglass for that purpose. 
' Item No man is admitted to ride for this prize that is either a serving man or groom. 

That horses that after the running of the three heats shall run the four mile course, shall lead 
away and start within an hour and halfe or else to win no plate or prize." 



Q. Winning Owners. 





1899. 


1900. 


1901. 


1902. 


1903. 


X umber of 
winners. 


Number of 
races won. 


Sir J. Miller 




1,181 




c 703 




5,661 


, 

I I,O56 




24, 763 


$ 




Mr. L. de Rothschild . . 




4 642 A 


11,406 


3,6^0^ 


18,836^ 






Mr. J. Gubbins 


1,838 


I, c6l 


6,517 


13,699 


18,567 




6 


Major E. Loder ... 




4. 4 3O 


9,320 


C,I38 


15,738 




12 


Sir J. Blundell Maple 


6. 1 34 


Q 27t 


21,370 


!7,QI2i 


15,167^ 


28 


c8 


Mr. W. Bass 










H.^QCi 




8 


Mr. T- Musker ... 


3 723 


1 6 687 


5,252! 


4 773i 


I 3 Q^Q 






Sir F,. Cassel 


3.7O3 


7.OC7 


9,711 


6, 549^ 


13,674^ 


1 1 


2C 


Mr. J. B. Joel 




2 KC4. 


747 


4,337 


II,89O 




2O 


Lord Howard de Walden 
Lord Carnarvon ... 


1,663 


2,6O2 


819 


8 47 
5, 370 


9,915 

9,477 


14 
12 


22 
22 


Lord Falmouth ... 




60 3* 


2,986 


2,820 


8,111 


2 


6 




6 Q7Q 


4. 4.72i 


2,'U4i 


5.^30 


7,903^ 




24. 


Mr. Arthur Janies 


10 60 S 


3 244. 


5,800 


16,585* 


7,651* 




I i 




2 62O 


10 067 


1.772 


4.QO3 


6.372 


8 






2,238 


C2S 


687 


2,562 


5,305 


8 


I C 


Mr. H. E. Randall 




IOO 


1,891; 


3,198 


5,138 


1 1 


I = 


Mr. G. Thursby 








2,844 


4,927 


IO 


17 


Mr. J. R. Keene 




788 


2,399 


551 


4,616 


c 




Mr. G. A. Prentice 


IQti 




1,795 


2,956 


4,594 






Mr. W. M. G. Singer 


i, ono 


3, C24 


3,637 


2,156 


4,278 






Lord "\Yolverton... 


274. 


I, 589 


3,iHH 


5,657 


4,162 








1 AIO 


c 68qJ 


3,000 


2. 547i 


3.060 






Lord Rosebery ... 


3)***^ 
6 S7Q 


485 






3 Q33 






Sir E. Vincent ... 




I 8 


7 2QQ 


7 Qd8 


T. 8o8J 






Captain F. Forester 


i. Hi4 


640 


273 


^. 5W 


3,637 






Mr. W. C. Whitney 




2.25 A 


i 

I Q.72O* 


r c6o 


3 c6o 






Duke of Devonshire 


c 24.2 


*t*33 

-i 600 


4,888 


T ^ ^C7 


3 ^2s 






M. J. de Bremond 










3 3QO 








823 




i 888 




&yr~ 

3 328 








' 















APPENDIX. 

R. Buckle's last Race-Card. Newmarket Houghton Meeting, Saturday, 

November 6, 1831. 

Mr. Dilly's Lioness, Sst. 7lb., beat Capt. Bulkeley's sister to Pin-wire, 6st. nib., Ab. M., 50, h. ft. 

Sweepstakes of 30 sovs. each. First half of Ab. M. 

Capt. Byng's Dryad 2 ... 8st. 2lb. i 

Col. Peel's Eccentricity ... ... 2 ... 7st. 7lb. 2 

Mr. Udny's Conservator 4 ... 8st /lb. 3 (Buckle} 

Gen. Grosvenor's Bartolozzi ... ... 2 ... 6st. I3lb. 4 

Mr. Vansittart's Rubini, 8st., beat Mr. Cooke's Cloudesley, 8st. I2lb. Ab. M., 100, h. ft. 
Ld. Chesterfield's Titania, gst., beat Ld. Worcester's Haymaker, 6st. I2lb. T. Y. C., 50. 

Sweepstakes of 10 sovs. each, for two-year-old colts, 8st. ylb., fillies, 8st. 4lb. First half of Ab. M. 

D. of Grafton's bl. c. Ebonv ... ... ... ... ... ... i 

Mr. Gratwicke's gr. f. by Middleton out of Jest ... ... ... 2 

Mr. Greville's Agincourt ... ... ... ... ... ... 3 

Mr. Henry's ch. f. by Middleton, dam by Merlin out of Seamew ... 4 

Captain Rous's Crutch, 8st. 2lb., beat Mr. Henry's Agrcable, 8st. ;lb. T. Y. C. 100, h. ft. 
Mr. Henry's Margaret, 8st. 5lb., beat Mr. Greville's Margravine, 8st. 3lb. T. Y. C., 100, h. ft. 
Mr. Pettit's f. by Partisan out of Bravura, 8st. 3lb., beat Mr. Osbaldeston's Peter Finder. Sst. 5lb. T. Y. C. 

50, h. ft. 

Ld. Jersey's Blunderer, Sst. 2lb., beat Ld. Orford's Grand Duke, Sst. 81b. A. F., 100. 
Mr. Henry's Protocol, Sst. lib., beat Sir M. Wood's Captain Arthur, Sst. I2lb. A. F., 100. 
Mr. Chapman's The Cardinal, Sst. 2lb., beat Ld. Worcester's Coition, Sst. ulb. A. F., 100, h. ft. 
Sir M. Wood's Galantine reed. ft. from Mr. Greville's Ear-wig, Sst. 5lb. each. B. C., 100, h. ft. 

N.B. Two guineas of the entrance money for the Plates (except for the Handicap Plate on Monday) will be 
returned to the owners of those horses which start, and of those which are drawn at or before the time of 
reading the list the evening before running. 

Persons having horses engaged are requested to take notice, that the stakes must be made before starting for 
the first race of the day, and that all forfeits must be declared to the keeper of the Matchbook, by ten 
o'clock the night before the race was intended to be run, whether the list be then read or not, and the 
forfeits must be paid the day the race is run, otherwise the discount will not be allowed. 

S. Four Days' Racing in 1903. 

SANDOWN, ECLIPSE STAKES; NEWMARKET, JOCKEY CLUB STAKES; TWO DAYS OF THE HOUGHTON 

MEETING. 

SANDOWN ECLIPSE MEETING, 1903. 

Stewards EARL OF DURHAM, LORD RENDLESHAM, MR. L. DE ROTHSCHILD, and GENERAL OWEN WILLIAMS. Jud"e 
MR. C. E. ROBINSON. Starter MR. A. COVENTRY. Clerk of the Scales MR. W. C. MANNING, ffandicappers 
-MESSRS. DAWKINS, KEYSER, and LEE. Clerk of the Course and Stakeholder MR. H. WILLIAMS. 

FRIDAY, JULY 17. 

3.10. The Sixteenth Renewal of the ECLIPSE STAKES of 10,000 sovs.; the second receives 500 sovs.; the third 
100 sovs. ; and the nominator of the winner 500 sovs. ; weight for age, penalties, etc. Eclipse Stakes Course (one mile 
and a quarter). 

1. Mr. J. Gubbins's br. c. Ard Patrick, by St. FlorianMorgancttc, 4 yrs., lost. 2lb. (violet, 

crimson buttons and cap) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... (). Madden I 

2. Mr. W. Bass's b. f. Sceptre, by Persimmon Ornament, 4 yrs., gst. I3lb. (yellow, green 

sleeves and cap) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... p. Hardy 2 

4. Sir J. Miller's br. c. Rock Sand, by Sainfoin Roquebrune, 3 yrs., gst. 4lb. (white, primrose 

braid, sleeves, and cap) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... j. H Martin 

3. Mr. G. Faber's Linke of Westminster, by Orme Gantlet, 4 yrs., gst. I3lb. (white, yellow 

collar) M. Cannon 4 

6. Lord Rosebery's Oriole, by LaJasOr.e, 3 yrs., Sst. I2lb. (primrose and rose hoops, 

rose cap) W. Halsey o 

The figures preceding the owners' names correspond with the numbers on the card. 
(Race started at 3.15. Winner trained by S. Darling, at Beckhampton.) 



APPENDIX. 

Betting : 5 to 4 against Rock Sand, 7 to 4 Sceptre, 5 to I Ard Patrick, loo to 6 Duke oj Westminster, and 33 to I Oriole 
(offered). 

Both the parade and canter were led by Ard Patrick, and the horses assembled at the post a few minutes after the hour fixed 
for the start, and a minute after the white fl ig went up the barrier was released. The first away was Rock Sand, followed 
by Oriole and Ard Patrick, with Dnkc of Westminster last. On settling down into their places Oriole drew out clear of Rock 
Sand and Ard Patrick, with Sceptre next. A mile from home Ard Patrick joined Rock Sand, but Oriole continued to lead until 
fairly in the line for home, where Ard Patrick drew to the front, followed by Rock Sand and Sceptre. A quarter of a mile from 
home Sceptre became second, and, passing Ard Patrick soon afterwards, the pair fought out a most exciting finish, Ard Patrick 
winning by a neck ; three lengths separated the second and third. Duke of Westminster was fourth. Time, by Benson's 
chronograph, 2 min. 7| sec. 

It was early known that Mr. Gubbins had agreed overnight with Count Lehndorff, through the 
International Horse Agency and Exchange (Limited), to sell Ard Patrick for delivery after running not 
more than three weight-for-age engagements during the remainder of the current season. The price is 
20,000 guineas, the same as the Russian Government gave for Galtee More, through the same Agency, but 
with this important difference that Mr. Gubbins has three valuable races to the good, one of which, 
the Eclipse Stakes, he has already won, and the other two the Jockey Club and the Champion Stakes 
he will probably win. 

But as to the race, the race for few looked at any other to-daywell, they paraded and cantered, 
nothing going down quite so well as Sceptre, though Ard Patrick also strode out with the utmost freedom. 
And now they were at the gate. I could feel my heart going thump, thump, as I doubt not many 
others did. It was a supreme moment, one in which you seem to live through ages, and then up went 
the barrier. The start was superb. Presently Oriole dashed to the front, followed by Rock Sand, with 
Ard Patrick always lying handy, Sceptre, as usual, a bit slow in getting fairly into her stride, and Duke 
of Westminster dropped behind last. Just as they neared the top turn I saw what made me sure Ard 
Patrick would beat Rock Sand, for Madden took his mount up without any apparent effort, and gained 
a good place for the crucial turn. The big horse came round it well, and Sceptre was now fairly moving, 
so that although Ard Patrick got first run into the straight and soon settled the leaders, Sceptre was 
hard on his tracks, and a furlong from home seemed to have taken his measure. Already there was 
a roar of delight over the anticipated victory of the public idol. "Sceptre wins !" Yes, it seemed clear 
as the day. There she was, making one of her brilliant runs, which no opponent yet has ever stalled 
off, for Sceptre has never been beaten when putting in her best efforts. " Come on, old girl ! " cried 
an irreverent admirer ; and then came first a murmur, growing quickly into a shout, " Ard Patrick ! 
Ard Patrick ! " and people choked and gasped with excitement. What a race ! What a race ! 

The gallant Irishman had come again with extraordinary resolution and courage, but the mare also 
held on, amazed, I dare say, to find any presumptuous horse challenging her supremacy. Yes, she 
held on, and both jockeys rode for their lives. Rock Sand faded away ; you only saw the splendid duel 
as it progressed in all its bitterness and all its beauty before your eyes. Not till very close home 
could the most acute of judges have foretold the result, and then Ard Patrick fairly battled the mare 
out of the race, but only by a neck, and a great sigh of relief went up from all and sundry. Few could 
pull themselves together for several minutes after seeing this sight of a lifetime. For my part I could 
scarcely bear to think of it, so overpowering had it been ; and, after just staying to see the winner and 
Sceptre weigh in, I went home. No more racing, no race but one to-day. 

NEWMARKET FIRST OCTOBER MEETING, 1903. 
THIRD DAY. THURSDAY, OCTOBER i. 

3.0. The JOCKEY CLUB STAKES of 10,000 sovs. ; the second received 1,500 sovs. ; the third 1,000 sovs. ; the 
nominator of the winner 400 sovs., and the nominator of the second 200 sovs. ; weight for age, etc. Last mile and 
three-quarters of Cesarewitch Course. 

3. Mr. \Y. Bass's b. f. Sceptre, by Persimmon Ornament, 4 yrs., lost, (yellow, green sleeves 

and cap) F. Hardy I 

5. Sir J. Miller's br. c. Rock Sand, by Sainfoin Roquebrune, 3 yrs., 8st. I3lb (white, primrose 

braid, sleeves, and cap) D. Maher 2 

6. Mr. W. B. IMirefoy's b. g. Cappa While, by Buckingham Eivir, 4 yrs., 8st. 7lb. (light blue 

and black hoops) B.Dillon 3 

4. Mr. J. Musker's William Rufus, by Melton Simena, 3 yrs., 8st. I3lb. (light blue, violet 

sleeves, grey cap) O. Madden 4 

2. Duke of Devonshire's Cheers, by Persimmon Applause II., 4 yrs., lost, (straw) W. Halsey o 

The figures preceding the owners' names correspond with the numbers on the card. 

(Race started at 3.11. Winner trained by A. Taylor, at Manton, and bred by the late Duke of Westminster.) 
It was very soon a case of laying odds 1 1 to 10 on Rock Sand, but, at the same time, &<gfMrhad adherents galore at 1 1 to 8 and 



Rtifus, loo to I against Cheers (offered). 

Neither Sceptre, Cappa White, nor Cheers was on view in the paddock, and H 'illiam Rufus cantered down to the post in front 
of Rock Sand. The white flag was hoisted at 3.10, the lot being despatched to a capital start a minute later, Cappa Whitt 
showing the w.iy to Rock Sand and William Rufus, with Cheers whipping in. There was no change whatever till about six 
furlongs from home, when Sceptre took third place, and, gradually improving her position, she drew to the front after passing 



APPENDIX. 

the Bushes, at which point Maher began to be uneasy on the favourite, who was lying second, with Cappa White next. Thence- 
forward the race resolved itself into a procession, Sceptre maintaining her lead, and won easily amidst a scene of the wildest 
enthusiasm by four lengths ; two lengths divided the second and third. Cheers was last throughout. Time by Benson's 
chronograph, 3 min. 10 sec. Value of the stakes, ,",185. 

As soon as Sceptre drew up to her opponents on reaching the Bushes she did what we, with many 
others, thought next to an impossibility. It was not the fact of conceding the islb. the breeding 
allowance of Rock Sand was discovered to be 61b. instead of gib. but the way it was accomplished. 
She was travelling as smoothly as possible when she pulled her way there, and one, of course, expected 
to see a fight, or the weight tell. But it was not so. Maher at once had to ask his colt, and it took 
but very few strides to tell us of an easy result ; indeed, as she showed the latest triple crown hero a 
clean pair of heels rising out of the dip, a roar began not frequently heard from Newmarket stands, and 
was continued until the horses were out of view. We do not often find cheering in the Birdcage 
not the etiquette of Newmarket ; but under weight of excitement of this grand performance it was 
excusable. As Lady Noreen Bass palled and fondled the heroine of the hour, folks gave vent to their 
feelings, and the filly did not seem very much fatigued under all circumstances. Rock Sand ended up 
a season most favourable to Sir James Miller and Blackwell, his trainer, despite his two hollow defeats 
when meeting those of advanced ages. 

The weather was fine except for a slight fall of rain during the race, and the attendance was larger 
than on the previous days during the meeting. The Duke of Cambridge honoured the gathering with his 
presence. Among the company, besides the Earl of Durham and Mr. A. James (Stewards of the Jockey 
Club), we noticed Prince Soltykoff, the Duke and Duchess of Devonshire, Marquis of Cholmondeley, Earl 
and Countess of Coventry, Rajah of Padukota, Earl of Harewood, Lord and Lady Marcus Beresford, Lord 
Kesteven, Lady Anne Lambton, Lord and Lady Lurgan, Lady Prinsep, Lady Barbara Smith, Lord and Lady 
Alice Stanley, Lord Villiers, Lord Westbury, Hon. G. Lambton, Hon. Francis Lambton, Hon. F. VV. 
Lambton, Hon. Humphrey Sturt, M.P., Hon. Hugh Astley, Hon. B. Boyle, Hon. A. Brabazon, Sir Patrick 
Hlake, Sir Daniel and Lady Cooper, Sir Edwin Egerton, Sir John Kelk, Sir James and the Hon. Lady 
Miller, Sir Edgar Vincent, Sir A. Thornhill, Sir Charles Nugent, Major B. Atkinson, Colonel E. \V. D. Baird, 
Colonel P. Bagot, Major L. E. Barry, Captain W. A. E. and Lady Lilian Boyd, Major F. L. Braithwaite, 
Colonel and Mrs. Chaine, Captain Cookson, Colonel Cumberlege, Colonel Augustus FitzGeorge, Rear- 
Admiral Adolphus FitzGeorge, Colonel and Mrs. H. Fludyer, Major Hall, Captain J. G. R. Homfray, 
Captain Hunt, General A. Williams, Major Finies, Major Paul, Colonel Hutton, Colonel Irwin, Captain 
Laing, Major C. Lambton, Captain Milligan, Major Ord, Captain Soames, Captain the Hon. A. C. E. 
Somerset, Major and Lady Elena Wickham, Mr. Argenti, Mr. John Barker, Mr. H. F. Beaumont, Mr. 
VV. C Beaumont, Mr. A. Brisco, Mr. A. M. Cardwell, Mr. E. C. Clayton, Mr. Harvey Combe, Mr. 
W. Cooper, Mr. A. W. Cox, Mr. Ernest Dresden, Mr. C. A. Egerton, Mr. Fairie, Mr. C. J. F. Fawcett, 
Mr. Tresham Gilbey, Mr. J. H. Houldsworth, Mr. E. Hutton, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. James, Mr. and 
Mrs. H. J. King, Mr. J. W. and Lady Isabel Larnach, Mr. W. F. Lee, Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Leigh, Mr. 
Theodore Lloyd, Mr. J. H. Locke, Mr. Eustace Loder, Mr. Rochfort Maguire, M.P., Mr. A. W. Merry, 
Mr. C. J. Merry, Mr. J. A. Miller, Mr. J. Musker, Mr. and Mrs. C. S. Newton, Mr. R. A. Oswald, Mr. 
Hugh Owen, Mr. John E. Platt, Mr. G. A. Prentice, Mr. Arthur Portman, Mr. R. Pryor, Mr. W. Raphael, 
Mr. C. D. Rose, M.P., Mr. Ernest de la Rue, Mr. and Mrs. Herbert de la Rue, Mr. H Salvin, Mr. A. 
J. Schwabe, Mr. Sheriffe, Mr. W. Taylor Sharpe, Mr. J. Tail, jun., Mrs. Montague Tharp, Mr. and 
Mrs. Thornton, Mr. Munro Walker, Mr. A. E. Watson, Miss Watson, Mr. M. Weyland, Mr. J. B. Wood 
and Mr. C. F. Young. 

NEWMARKET HOUGHTON MEETING, 1903. 
FIRST DAY. TUESDAY, OCTOBER 27. 

2.0 The FORDHAM WELTER HANDICAP of 251 sovs. Rouse Course (five furlongs). 

Mr. J. Pincus's ch. g by Despair light of the Harem, 4 yrs. , 7st. ... ... ... ... Plant I 

Mr. II. J. King's br. f. Mimicry, 4 yrs., 9st. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... H. Jones 2 

Mr. J. R. Keen's ch. c. Hurst Park //., 3 yrs., 8st. 7lb. ... ... ... ... ... Lyne 3 

Sir E. Gorst's Pansy Masters, 3 yrs., 8st. 7lb W. Lane o 

Duke of Devonshire's Lady Bnrgoyne, 3 yrs., 8st. 2lb. ... ... ... ... ... ... Trigg o 

Mr. C. Levy's La Urugitaya, aged, 8st. lib. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... J. H. Martin o 

Mr. L. de Rothschild's Fosco, aged, 751. 13)0. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Hardy o 

Mr. E. Bonner's Mount Lyell, 5 yrs., 7st. I2lb. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Watts o 

Mr. Fairie's Kinaldo, 3 yis., 751. 4lb. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Heppell o 

(Race started at 2.2. Winner trained by Owner, at Newmarket, and bred by Mr. J. A. Miller.) 

In quick succession 4 to I, 7 to 2, 3 to I, and 5 to 2 was booked in favour of Ifurst Park II., but at the same time La 
Liruguaya had an immense following at 5 to I and half a point less, and tnree others soundly supported at loo to 12, 8 to I, 
100 to 14, and 7 to I were Mimicry, Fosco, and Lady Burgoyne. As regards the winner or any other, loo's to X were finally 
obtainable. 

Betting: 5 to 2 against Hurst Park II , g to 2 against La Uriiguaya, 7 to I each against Mimicry, Latty fiargoyiie, and 
Fosco, and loo to 8 against any other (offered). 

Pansy Masters, on the lower ground, showed the way to Fosco, on the left, Ifurst Park 11., on the top ground, Mimicry 
and La Uruguaya, with Mount Lyell and LaJy Burgoyne next, to the Dip, when Mimicry and Jlurst Park II. took a slight 



APPENDIX. 

lead of Light of the Ifarem gelding, but the latter, coming with a wet sail up the hill, won by three-parts of a length ; a head 
divided the second and third. La Uruguaya was fourth, Lady Burgoyne fifth, Fosco sixth, and Mount Lyell last. Time by 
Benson's chronograph, I min. 6 sec. 

3.30 The OLD NURSERY STAKES (handicap) of 226 sovs. R.M. (one mile). 

Mr. J. Pincus's br. g. by Florizel II. Profit, 7st. I2lb ... ... ... ... ... ... W. Lane I 

Mr. H. E. Randall's b. g. Love Game, 8st. Randall 2 

Mr. R. S. Sievier'sb. f. St.Joie, 8st. 3lb Hardy 3 

Mr. Fairie's Charmer, 6st. nib. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Heppell 4 

Mr. M. Gurry's Lady Dundas, 8st. 2lb. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Watts o 

Mr. H. J. King's Fanfare, yst. gib.* Bott o 

Mr. Douglas Baird's Marmontel, 8st. H. Aylin o 

Mr. E. L. Heinemann's Lucid, 7st. 81b.* ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Dawson o 

Major J. D. Edwards's Volar, 751. lolb. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... J. H. Martin o 

Duke of Devonshire's f. by St. Frusquin Ronaldina, 7st. 61b. ... ... ... ... Griggs o 

Mr. T. Simpson Jay's Castellar, 7st. 3lb. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Trigg o 

Lord Ellesmere's Somersault, 6st. 5lb.* ... ... ... ... ... ... J. Jarvis O 

* 5lb. apprentice allowance deducted. 
(Race started at 3.37. Winner trained by Owner, at Newmarket, and bred by Mr. W. M. Low.) 

Weight of money soon disclosed Somersault in the light of a distinctive first fancy at 7 to 2. This notwithstanding, Profit 
gelding had friends in force at 4 to I or anything over, and very good sums went on Volar at 8 to I, loo to 14, and 7 to I. 
St.Joie was backed at loo's to 12 and 8 to I, and so was Lady Dundas at 10 to I, 100 to 12, and so forth. Marmontel had 
supporters at loo's to 7 and 8. Nothing else could boast an admirer. 

Betting: 7 to 2 against Somersault, 4 to I against Profit gelding, 7 to I against Volar, 8 to I against St.Joie, loo to 12 
against Lady Dundas, 100 to 8 against Marmontel, and 100 to 7 against any other (offered). 

The profit gelding, on the lower ground, slipped away with a clear lead of VJjlar, in .the centre, Castellar, and Ronaldina 
filly, with Fanfare, St. Joie, and Somersault next, and, holding the lead throughout, won in a canter by four lengths from Love 
Game and St. Joie, who were only separated by a head. Charmer, close up, was fourth, Somersault fifth, Castellar sixth, 
Fanfare seventh, Marmontel next, and Volar last. Time by Benson's chronograph, I min. 52* sec. 

4.0 The LIMEKILN STAKES of 415 sovs. ; weight for age, etc. A.F. (one mile, two furlongs). 

Mi.'W,'BBM'tb.f.Sceftre,bjPernmm<>ti Ornament, 4 yrs., gst. nib Hardy I 

Prince SoltykofPs b. c. Paregoric, 3 yrs., 8st. lib. ... ... ... ... Watts 2 

(Race started at 4.6. Winner trained by A. Taylor, at Manton, and bred by the late Duke of Westminster.) 

Such an absolute certainty was this race considered for Sceptre that the extravagant odds of 66 to I were at once laid on, 
and these were immediately followed by considerations of 100 to I. 

Betting : loo to I on Sceptre. 

Sceptre made the whole of the running, and won in a canter by eight lengths. Time by Benson's chronograph, 
2 min. 30! sec. 

4.30 The CRITERION STAKES of 706 sovs., for two year olds ; colts, 8st. Sib. ; fillies and geldings, 8st. 61b. ; 

winners extra. Criterion Course (six furlongs). 

Major Eustace Loder's ch. f. Pretty Polly, by Gallinule Admiration, gst. 2lb. ... ... W. Lane I 

Mr. W. C. Whitney's b. c. Hands Down, gst. lib. J.H.Martin 2 

(Race started at 4.30. Winner trained by Mr. Gilpin, at Newmarket, and bred by Owner.) 

It was another case of long odds on, loo's to 7 being finally betted on Pretty Polly. 

Betting : 100 to 7 on Pretty Polly, who waited on Hands Down till below the distance, when she drew out and won in a 
canter by a length and a half. Time by Benson's chronograph, I min. 24^ sec. 

This has been a day of some moment. We have seen Sceptre and Pretty Polly run and, of course, win. 
We have seen Sceptre in the paddock both before and after her race, and very beautiful she looked, despite 
her broken coat. We have seen other things of importance, and have pursued investigations into the 
Cambridgeshire possibilities and probabilities in the time-honoured manner, but everything has sunk into 
insignificance by comparison with Mr. Pincus. Few, indeed, are the men who can live for years in a 
place like Newmarket, where rivalries must needs be created, and come out of it with such a tremendous 
demonstration of the goodwill of all and sundry as Jacob Pincus did to-day. It must be remembered, too, 
that it was no Englishman they were cheering, but an American trainer, and one who twenty-two years ago 
first captured a Derby and St. Leger for an American owner. His Majesty the King arrived in time for 
the first race. 

THIRD DAY. THURSDAY, OCTOBER 29. 

JOCKEY CLUB CUP of 500 sovs. (a cup value 100 sovs. and the remainder in specie), added to a sweepstakes of 20 sovs. 
each, h. ft., weight for age, etc. ; the second received 50 sovs. Cesarewitch Course (two miles two furlongs). 

His Majesty's Mead, by Persimmon Meadow Chat, 3 yrs., 7st. 1 2lb Watts I 

M. M. Caillault's Chatte Blanche, 3 yrs., 7st. gib Hardy 2 

Lord Howard de Walden's St. Maclou, 5 yrs., gst. lib Cain 3 

(Winner trained by R. Marsh.) 

Betting : 6 to 4 against St. Maclou, 2 to I Chatte Blanche, g to 4 Mead. 

St. Maclou led until fairly on to the flat, when Chatte Blanche assumed the lead, but gave way as the Bushes were neared 
to Mead, who won, amidst hearty cheering, by .six lengths ; a bad third. 

After a protracted period of wet and gloom it was a relief this morning to find that there were such 
distinct signs of improvement, and, indeed, the early sunshine engendered a strong feeling of exhilaration ; 

VOL. III. N N 



APPENDIX. 

thus people were out betimes, as a stroll on the heath before breakfast is to many one of the most delightful 
features of the week's visit to headquarters. Amongst those who witnessed the horses at exercise was his 
Majesty the King, who was again mounted on his hack. As the day wore on the weather became of the 
very best autumn type, and such an enjoyable afternoon has not been experienced for a long time. 

The field for the Jockey Club Cup cut down to limited proportions. I believe that, had it been known 
in the early part of the week that Zinfandel did not run, Wavelet's Pride would have been started for the 
race. St. Maclou was left to do battle single-handed for Major Beatty's stable, and as he was only opposed 
by Mead and the French filly, Chatte Blanche, it was thought he would place the prize to the credit of Lord 
Howard de Walden. Mead had so utterly failed to extend Rondeau in the Lowther Stakes here a fortnight 
ago that it was not easy to regard his prospects in an optimistic light, but the French filly, Chatte Blanche, 
had some very fair form to her credit on the other side of the Channel. St. Maclou was not in one of his 
best moods, and the precaution had to be taken of saddling him at home two hours previous to the race, 
so, perhaps, his connections were not unprepared for his sulky exhibition. As a matter of fact, he 
obstinately refused to gallop, and the issue was in the last half-mile left to the other pair, of whom Mead 
stayed the longer, and won by half a dozen lengths. Needless to say, the success of the King's horse was 
immensely popular, and his Majesty was obviously much pleased when he went into the Birdcage to see the 
son of Persimmon return to the unsaddling enclosure. The Royal livery has been so singularly out of luck 
this year that it is most gratifying to chronicle a change in Fortune's wheel in regard to Egerton House, and 
it is to be hoped that this will be only a prelude to further successes. 

NOTE. The above extracts were made from "The Daily Telegraph," "Sportsman," "Sporting Life," and "Sporting 
Times." 

T. Some Authorities consulted. 

The General Stud Book, Vol. I. to Vol. XIX. (Weatherby & Sons. 1901). Horses Past and Present ; 
The Young Race Horse, by SIR WALTER GILBEY (Vinton & Co. 1900). Reminiscences and Opinions, by 
SIR F. DOYLE (Longmans. 1886). History of Newmarket, by J. P. HORE (A. H. Baily & Co. 1886). 
The Great Game, by EDWARD SPENCER (Grant Richards. 1900). Stallion Register for 1900, by WILLIAM 
HALL WALKER. The Racing Calendar (6, Old Burlington Street). The Horsebreeders' Handbook, by JOSEPH 
OSBORNE (E. Scale. 1898). Ruff's Guide to the Turf (140, Fleet Street). From Gladiattur to Persimmon, 
by SYDENHAM DIXON (Grant Richards, iqoi). Kings of the Turf, by "THORMANBY" (Hutchinson, 
1898). Racing: the Badminton Library (Longmans. 1900). The English Ttirf, by CHARLES RICHARDSON 
(Methuen. 1901). The Turf, by ALFRED E. T. WATSON (Lawrence & Bullen. 1898). Famous Horses, 
by T. TAUNTON (Sampson Low. 1901.) Kingsclere, by JOHN PORTER and BYRON WEBBER (Chatto & 
Windus. i8<)6).P0iHfs of a Racehorse, by SIR JOHN HILLS (Blackwood. 1903). The English Racehorse, 
by T. H. MORLAND (1810). Silk and Scarlet ; Post and Paddock ; Scott and Sebright ; Saddle and Sirloin, 
by " THE DRUID " (1862). Life and Times of" The Druid;' by HON. F. LAWLEY (Vinton & Co. 1895). 
The Chace, The Turf, and The Road, by " NIMROD " (John Murray. New Ed. 1870). Racing, by W. A. C. 
BLEW (Everett. 1900). Newmarket and Arabia, by CAPTAIN R. D. UPTON (1873). Genius Genuine, by 
SAMUEL CHIFNEY (1804). Horse-racing in England, by ROBERT BLACK (Bentley. 1893). The Racehors: 
in Training, by WILLIAM DAY (Chapman & Hall. 1880). Ttie British Thoroiighbred Horse, by W. ALLISON 
(Grant Richards. 1901). Racing Reminiscences, by SIR GEORGE CHETWYND (Longmans. 1891). 
Turf Annals, by JOHN ORTON (Longmans. 1844). A Mirror of the Turf, by L. H. CURZON (Chapman 
& Hall. 1 892). History of the British Turf, by J. C. WHYTE (Colburn. 1840.) Sixty Years on the Turf, 
by G. HODGMAN and C. R. WARREN (Grant Richards. 1901). History of the St. Leger Stakes, by J. S. 
FLETCHER (Hutchinson. 1902). 2'he Jockey Club and its Founders , by R. BLACK (Smith & Elder. 1891). 
Ashgill, by JOHN OSBORNE and J. B. RADCLIFFE (Sands & Co. 1900). Lord George Bentinck, by 
J. KENT and HON. F. LAWLEY (Blackwood. 1892). History of the British Turf, by JAMES RICE 
(Sampson Low. 1879). Cracks of the Day, by "WILDRAKE" (Ackermann. 1840). Royal Ascot, by 
G. J. CAWTHORNE and R. S. HEROD (Treherne. 1902). Riding Recollections, by H. CUSTANCE (Arnold. 
1894). The Racing Year, by E. MOORHOUSE (Grant Richards. 1903). Racing Life and Racing Characters, 
by MARTIN COBBETT (Sands & Co. 1903). 

To many other Authors, Newspapers, and Magazines the writer desires to make his acknowledgments, 
regretting that space forbids him to print the names of all. 



CONTENTS OF CHAPTERS. 



VOLUME I. 
DEDICATED TO THE FIRST DUKE OF WESTMINSTER. 

PAGE 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN VOL. I. 

PREFACE. 

Changes and Developments Lord William Beresford William Byron Meeting at Brocket Hall Lord 
Leconfield Crabbet Park Old and New Vitality and Value of Racing King Edward VII. 
Goodwood in 1830 The Sandringham Stud Bend Or St. Simon Society and the Turf Artists 
and Instantaneous Photography Art Collections reproduced in this Book Mr. A. F. B. Portman ... ix 

CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTORY. 

Racing Career of King Edward VI 1. as Prince of Wales The Triple Crown Ambush II. Persimmon and 
Diamond Jubilee American Jockeys St. Simon's Stock Development of the English Thoroughbred 
Arabs in Greece, Rome, Italy, England Some Authorities on Turf History ... ... I 

CHAPTER II. THE HORSE IN ENGLAND TO THE BEGINNING OF THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY. 

Boadicea at Newmarket Severus at Netherby Athelstan's Running horses Arabs in the Twelfth Century 
William I.'s Arab Richard I.'s Horses Sir Bevys of Southampton FitzStephen's " Racing "- 
Edward 1 1 I.'s Barbs Gambling Lord Arundel's Match Argentines and Alingtons at Newmarket 
Prices in the Fourteenth Century Irish " Hobbies" The Sporting Abbot Black Saladin1\\e. 
Ferrara Stud Margaret of Anjou Governatore and Altobello Diirer's "Small White Horse "- 
Henry VI I I.'s HorsesThe Duke of Northumberand's Horses Tudor Racing Charles Brandon 
Henry VI I I.'s Racing Stable The Chester Cup Tudor Legislation Edward VI.'s Horses Holin- 
shed's Accounts Queen Elizabeth at Croydon Races And at Salisbury Sir Walter Hungerford 
The First "Steeplechase" at Huntingdon The Carlisle Bell Elizabethan Horses The Greenwich 
Stud ... ... ii 



CHAPTER 111. THE TURF UNDER JAMES I. 

James I. The Markham Arabian Evolution of Thoroughbred Type Gervase Markham "Hunting 
Matches" Barnaby FitzPatrick's Stud Race on Gatherley Moor The Duke of Newcastle 
Michael Barrett Henry, Prince cf Wales The Royal Stud Importations of Eastern Stock First 
Duke of Buckingham Gambling "Horse-Bread" Ancient Ideas of Training Croydon Enfield 
Chase Doncaster Leasowe Castle Chester Salisbury Richmond Woodham Moor Nicholas 
Assheton ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 44 



728 CONTENTS OF CHAPTERS. 



CHAPTER IV. THE TURF TO THE RESTORATION. 

PAGE 

Wagers in Hyde Park Dr. Michael Hudson Harry Verney Colonel Harewood's Pessimism The Digby, 
Villiers, Fenwick, and Newcastle Studs The Royal Stud at Tutbury Statue of Charles I. The 
Astleys The Bowes Family Racing in Yorkshire, Northampton, Salisbury, Winchester, Stamford- 
Oliver Cromwell Lord Fairfax Charles II. and his Court levels at Newmarket The Ladies of 
Honour Frances Stuart and the Penny Piece Tom Thynne The Duke of Monmouth Fire in the 
Royal Stables Nell Gwynne Her Banking Account Sporting Wagers Gambling ... 64 

CHAPTER V. THE BEGINNINGS OF REAL RACING AND THE FIRST GENEALOGIES OF BLOOD STOCK. 

The King's Jockeys The Grand Duke of Tuscany Races at Dorset Ferry The First Grammar School 
at Newmarket Eastern Sires Racing in 1666 Lord Suffolk's Whitefoot Bernard Howard His 
Banking Account The Second Duke of Buckingham Tregonwell Frampton's First Bet Spring 
Meeting of 1680 Matches in 1681 The First Earl of Shaftesbury Yorkshire Thoroughbreds 
Racing at Northampton, Burford, and Epsom William III. at Cambridge The Duke of Somerset's 
Stud Mr. Leedes's Careless Famous Horses of the Seventeenth Century Mr. Pulleine's Thorough- 
breds Eastern imported Sires ... ... ... ... ... 91 

CHAPTER VI. MR. TREGONWELL FRAMPTON AND HIS HORSES. 

His Bets in 1675 The Untruth about his Dragon Dr. Hawkesworth's Inventions Other Dragons His 
Snorting Bess Heath House in 1689 Trainer to the King The Turf and the Mansion House 
Death of Molly Bay Bolton The Famous Match between him and Sir William Strickland 
Disastrous Victory of Merlin Matchem Timms Buckhunter The Hobby Mare Cock-fighting Sir 
R. Fagg The Father of the Turf ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 125 

CHAPTER VII. ARABIAN, TURK, AND BARB. 

The Moonah Barb Mare What is meant by the "Figure System" Pure Descent and the "English 
Thoroughbred" Flaws in Pedigree of Eclipse, Matchem, and Herod Original Mares of Modern 
Racing Genealogies Tregonwells Natural Barb Mare The Black-legged Royal Mare The Dam 
of the True Blues The Godolphin Arabian The Fortunate Moment of the Eighteenth Century 
Arab Blood and Arab Breeding Points of an Arab The Darley Arabian More Valuable Importa- 
tions Legends of the Godolphin Arabian His Stock Lord Rosebery's Pictures of him ... ... 145 

CHAPTER VIII. THE REIGN OF QUEEN ANNE AND HER INFLUENCE ON RACING. 

Lord Wharton and the Racing Politicians The Hellfire Club Leedes Queen Anne's Stud Races at 
Black Hambleden, Datchet, and Ascot Queen's Plates The Duke of Marlborough and Lord 
Godolphin "Seven Thousand a year, girls, and all for us !" Robert Walpole Ladies on the Turf 
Pallampores and Byrampants The Exquisites of St. James's Newspapers in 1712 Racing in 1703 
and 1704 Basto Mr. Pelham's Brocklesby Betty Clifton and Rawcliffe Ings in 1714 -Victory of 
Queen Anne's Star Northern Racehorses St. John Paulet The Konigsmarcks George I. 
Swift and Addison The South Sea Bubble Birth of Flying Childers Legends about his Pace 
Lord Portmore's Fox Parson Goodricke Race Meetings in England before 1765 Bonny Black 
Miss Neasham ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 173 

CHAPTER IX. RACING LADIES, AND A FOUNDER OF THE JOCKEY CLUB. 

George II.'s Accession Mrs. Carr The Routh Family Queer Nomenclature Lord Portmore's Crab 
Mr. Mann's Sedbury York Races in 1739 Lor d March Death of Queen Caroline And of Marske 
The Grosvenor Family and Estates Mary Davies Her London Property Sir Thomas Grosvenor, 
Third Baronet, of Eaton The First Earl Grosvenor His Pottos His Racing Successes ... ... 205 



CONTENTS OF CHAPTERS. 729 



VOLUME II. 
DEDICATED TO THE EIGHTH DUKE OF DEVONSHIRE. 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN VOL. II. 



CHAPTER X. THE JOCKEY CLUB IN THE DAYS OF CHARLES JAMES Fox. 

Sir Charles Bunbury, the Duke of Queensberry, and George Selwyn Racing Society when George III. 
was young Betting at White's and Brookes's Horace Walpole's Descriptions Sir Charles Bun- 
bury's Racing Career, his Wife, her Letters Ladies at Newmarket " Old Q." "Chillaby" 
Jennings " Old Q.'s " Character and Death Charles James Fox, his Eloquence, Scholarship, 
Extravagance, and Popularity Fox at Newmarket with Lord Foley Alarums and Excursions in 
Westminster Beginnings of the Jockey Club in 1750 Its Origins in Sir John Carleton's Authority 
and in Royal Race-riders Its Early Members and First Meetings The First Racing Calendar 
Ownership of the Heath Value of the Association of Owners Colours Disputes Legislation 
"Give and Take" Plates King's Plates Changes in Modern Turf Meetings at Newmarket The 
Duke of Cumberland Eclipse Ascot Races Lord Clermont Lord Egremont The Duke of 
Devonshire The Duke of Ancaster Tommy Panton Richard Vernon Sir Thomas Gascoigne 
Mr. William Fenwick Sir John Moore Sir Charles Sedley Mr. John Warde Sir John Shelley 
Mr. Wastell Mr. Charles Pigott The Duke of Bridgewater The Duke of Grafton Lord 
Portmore Lord Eglinton Lord Gower The Marquess of Rockingham The Barrymores The 
Grosvenors The Prince of Wales ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 225 

CHAPTER XI. "MATCHEM," "HEROD," AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

Development of Breeding Early Days Value of Staying Powers How the English Thoroughbred was 
produced Mixed Blood No Exact Science of Breeding possible Horses running in 1764 
Pedigree of Matchem Dr. Syntax Beeswing The Conductor Line Sorcerer's Strain Matchem 
and the "Figure System" Matchem Blood from 1798 to 1817 The Solon Family Herod's 
Pedigree His Performances Woodpecker and his Line Pantaloon Thormanby 'Blood Selim 
Bay Middleton Plenipotentiary Famous Foals of Famous Rivals Perils of Vedette Bay Middle- 
ton's Performances and Progeny The Highflyer Branch Sir Peter Teazle Formosa The 
Fisherman Strain ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 275 

CHAPTER XII. "ECLIPSE" AND THE MODERN THOROUGHBRED. 

M. de Saint-Bel's Measurements Eclipse's Skeleton Photographic Confirmation The Skeleton of Red 
Lion Square Famous Bones Historic Relics Stubbs' Great Painting Lord Rosebery's Collection 
Pedigrees The Duke of Cumberland, Mr. Wildman, and Colonel O'Kelly The First Colt Pot&os 
The Duke of Grafton's Mares Touchstone The Ithuriel Branch Ten Derby Winners Aged Sires 
The Sir Hercules Line Romance of Birdcatcher The King Fergus Line Recovery's Statue 
The Hambletonian Blood Blacklock Mercury's Family Joe Andrews A Fine Record ... ... 297 

CHAPTER XIII. RACING AT THE DAWN OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY. 

GimcracKs Breeding and Performances Some of the Old Sort Trentham Eclipse Colts John Pratt's 
Epitaph //<z/^te/a and Diamond A Little Quiet Betting Gambling Hells Strange Wagers 
Bullbaiting and Cocking King's Plates The Weatherbys and their Work The Tattersall 
Dynasty Racing Officials ... ... ... ... ... ... 323 



73 CONTENTS OF CHAPTERS. 



CHAPTER XIV. HISTORIC JOCKEYS AND A ROYAL OWNER. 

PAGE 

From Buckle to Archer "The Druid's" Quartet Old and New John Singleton Thomas Jackson- 
Christopher Scaife Charles Dawson Joseph Rose George Herring Samuel Chifney the First 
The " Chifney Rush " A Slack Rein The Escape Scandal The Prince, Mr. Lake, Sam Chifney, and 
Sir Charles Bunbury A Queer Verdict Nobbling and Poisoning The " Qui Tarn " Actions 
Retirement of the Prince of Wales Dr. Johnson Sir John Lade The Lively Letty Society at the 
Pavilion Famous Bookmakers" Nando " Bullock and " Splitpost " Douglas Sir Tatton Sykes 
Amateur Riders A Foreign Visit in 1800 Colonel Thornton Jockey's Attire Lady Sarah O'Brien 
"Neutralising" Changes in Society Miss Alicia Meynell ... ... ... ... ... 340 

CHAPTER XV. FRANCIS BUCKLE AND SOME OTHER FAMOUS RIDERS. 

Dennis FitzPatrick The " Double Event" Jem Robinson's Lucky " Treble "His Finish on Matilda 
James Chappie in 1833 Jim Templeman's Record The " Pocket Hercules "From Peterborough to 
Newmarket Buckle's Two Wives "All the Good Things at Newmarket" Mr. Vansittart Frank's 
Last Race His Epitaph His Family His Integrity Young Sam Chifney and Frank Butler The 
Duchess of Cleveland King George IV. and Sam Priam Ben Marshall's Sketches Harry Edwards 
Arnull and Goodison William Clift's Pensions Shepherd, Jackson, Peirse, and Ben Smith Poor 
Mangles Winning with a Broken Leg " A sadly Forrard Young Man" The Great Bill Scott- 
Sam Darling John Scott the " Wizard "Tommy Lye spoils a Record Templeman Job Marson 
Nat Flatman The Days of Danebury ... ... ... ... ,g 2 

CHAPTER XVI. TRAINING AND BREEDING. 

Changed Methods Different Aims The Committee of Horse-breeding Big Horses and Small Horses- 
Comparisons Have they degenerated? What about Stayers? The Cracks of 1847-57 Foreign 
Breeders Germany and France Old Stallions and Modern Sires Expensive Yearlings A loss of 
over Half a Million Waste of Horseflesh The Influence of Gate-money Breeding from Babies- 
Inflated Prices Two-year-old Racing Winners bred by Owners Gimcrack Dinners John Porter's 
Reforms The First Royal Victory for Sixty Years Purchase of Sceptre Season of 1902 St. Simon 
and Bend Or What the " Figure System " implies Bruce Lowe's Figures and William Allison's 
Theory Female versus Male Influence Value of Mr. Allison's work ... ... ... ... 410 

CHAPTER XVII. LORD GEORGE BENTINCK. AND THE EVOLUTION OF THE MODERN TURF. 

Need for a " Dictator "The " Manly Sports Bill "OrvilleEmiliusCo\<me\ Mellish Jack St. Leger 
Mr. Thornhill Blackfaces Bad Luck The Comus Blood Fleurde Lys Famous Races for the St. 
Leger Sir Francis Doyle at Doncaster Mr. John Gully and Mameluke Jim Belcher and the Game 
Chicken The old P. R. The Betting Rooms Cadland and The Colonel Memnon's Year Jack 
Mytton Famous Owners Lord George's Career Gaper and Cotherstonelhn Starting Flag- 
Goodwood Races -Bay Middleton as a Sire Elis in a Van Crucifix and Miss Elis "A Superb 
Groan" "The Blue Ribbon of the Turf" A Sudden Tragedy ... ... ... ... ... 440 



CONTENTS OF CHAPTERS. 73 1 



VOLUME III. 
DEDICATED TO THE SIXTH DUKE OF PORTLAND. 

PAGE 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN VOL. III. 

CHAPTER XVIII. SOME EARLY VICTORIAN OWNERS. 

Lord George Bentinck, John Kent, and Abdale Some Dead Heats A Triple Dead Heat Some Jockeys' 
Misfortunes Greville and Lord George Alarm at Epsom The Gaper Betting A Criticism of 
Character John Bowes The " Owdacious Young J Un " Epirus and Doncaster West Australian 
Differing Types Whitewall Yorkshire Trainers The Agnes Blood at Ascot Alice Hawthorn 
William I'Anson Fobert French Pedigrees Ncivntinster Bill Scott's Death Doncaster in 1854- 
Old Times on Langton Wold Horse-painters of the past G. F. Herring Lord Glasgow Admiral 
Rous Handicapping A Modern Expert Winners of Handicaps from 1866 to 1898 Presentation to 
Admiral Rous Noble Owners Epsom in 1833 Death of Sam Day Lord Derby- Canezou Lord 
Palmerston Buckthorn " Capital Exercise " Palmer the Poisoner The Rugeley Surgeon Life 
Insurances Goldfinder and Doubt Pratt and Cook A Haunted Racecourse Lord Eglinton 
Blue Bonnet The Flying Dutchman RussborougKs Rush Voltigeur Cup Day at Doncaster 
" Like Hiron " Marlow's Riding The Second Struggle Lord Zetland's Favourite George Payne 
"Dram-drinking Excitement" Master of the Pytchley Lord Jersey General Peel Sir Joseph 
Hawley "Leviathan" Davis A fourth Derby Winner James Merry Mr. Frederick Swindell 
The Derby of 1 860 Lord Falmouth's Career A Famous Sale ... ... ... ... ... 465 

CHAPTER XIX. BRITISH STABLES AND FOREIGN METHODS. 

" Little Bell " at Ascot Sir Mark Wood's Pistol Some Duties of a Jockey More Competition Jockey 
Reform What Weight can do Winning Mounts in 1902 American Methods "Tommy and 
Toddy" The Crouch Seat Making the Pace Mr. Ten Broeck Tod Sloan's Riding Famous 
Finishes John Osborne, Archer, and Fordham " The Demon " Winning " with his Head "- 
Archer's Seat A Great Record Bend Or's Derby Death of Archer "Mr. Manton's" St. Minn 
Each Stable its own Jockeys The Apprentice Rule Riding from 1897 to 1902 Famous Racing 
Days Favourite Mounts Tom Cannon Fees and Retainers Training The " Sheeted String "- 
Details of the Stable R. Denman's Success French Horses Two Strings to a Bow Famous 
Trials on the Turf Sir Joseph's little Errors The Bend Or Inquiry When to pull a Horse The 
Derby of 1868 The Ill-fated Marquis of Hastings Admiral Rous's Letter Hermit's Victory Lady 
h'zti6et/i'sTr\a.\ Joseph Enoch John Watts Thomas Jennings Count Lagrangeand Gladiateur 
Regalia Foreigners on the Turf Kincsem French Victories M. Lefevre M. Blanc Holocaust* 
Vinidus John Dawson and Galopin The Duke of Portland's Victories Tom and Matthew Dawson 
Petrarch Heath House Disasters of Stephenson, the Duke of Hamilton, and the Duke of New- 
castle The Russley Stables Ladas and Sir Visto Stayers The Touts at Stockbridge Races of 
Famous Winners Sir Blundell Maple's Records Descent of Flying Fox Centralisation and 
Enclosed Meetings The Faddist Ward of Yorkshire, Trainer and Prime Minister ... ... 519 

CHAPTER XX. STEEPLECHASING. 

Beginnings in Ireland Matches in Leicestershire Colman at St. Albans in 1830 Lord Clanricarde 
Moonraker Captain Becher Colonel Charretie Aylesbury Vale and the Marquess of Waterford 
Jem Mason's First Ride A Sporting Fellow of Oriel William Archer at Cheltenham " A Good 
Wall Jumper" Alan McDonough The Chandler at Leamington Origin of the Liverpool Grand 
National The Successes of Jerry Lottery wins The Irish Brigade "Josey " Little Peter Simple 



73 2 CONTENTS OF CHAPTERS. 

PAGE 

Abd-el-Kader Mysterious Miss Moivbray George Stevens Lord Coventry's Victories "Mr. 
Thomas" The Tragedy of 1862 "Mr. Edwards" "Could not carry a Pair of Boots "Captain 
MachelFs Successes Mr. J. M. Richardson Lord Manners and Count Kinsky Old Joe Cloister 
and Ambush II. Famous Jockeys and Great Horses "Fog" Rowlands The Grand National 
Hunt Committee Success of the Foreigners at Newmarket The "Popular Mystery" Ascetic and 
the Famous Steeplechasing Sires The Irish Winners Manifesto Irish Breeding ... 581 

CHAPTER XXL FAMOUS RACING STUDS OF THE LAST THIRTY YEARS. 

Fisherman and Old Tom Parr Racing Stables near Wantage Mr. Naylor and Mr. Savile Cremorne's 
Trial Prince Charlie John Porter's Early Days John Day and the Famous Danebury Cracks 
John Kent and Lord George Bentinck Goodwood " Kingsclere Racing Stables, Limited " Sir 
Joseph Hawley Sir Frederick Johnstone " High Farming and Old Port for Ever " /><wy 
Lord Alington Si. Blaise's Trial Mr. Brodrick Cloete's Paradox Cereza's Great Race at Doncaster 
Ormonde, The Sard, Saraband, and Minting A gentlemanly Thoroughbred Perfect Conforma- 
tion Sainfoin Common La Fleche and Orme Throstle's St. Leger The King's Horses and 
Marsh's Stables Florizel //., Persimmon, and Diamond Jubilee Ayrshire and St. Serf St. Simon 
ax\A.Stockwell A Splendid List of Sons and Daughters Full Brothers and Sisters Direct Descent 
Famous Matrons More Remarks on the " Figure System " A Record rather than a Guide Modern 
Representatives of the Godolphin Arabian, the Byerly Turk, and the Darley Arabian at Ascot 
Supremacy of Eclipse Blood, and the Birdcatcher Strain, in 1903 Donovan at Welbeck The Duke 
of Portland's Carbine Other Australian Sires Trenton and the Cobham Stud Was Zinfandel the 
best of his Year? Victor Witt/-S\r Ernest Cassel Mr. Gubbins's Galtee More and Ard Patrick 
Lord Rosebery at Christchurch Two Derby Winners Epsom Lad Geldings in the Derby Black 
SandAmphion Melton Northern Trainers The Eaton Stud Big Prices The House of 
Rothschild " Follow the Baron " St. Frusquin, Doricles, and St. Amant ... ... ... 617 



CHAPTER XXII. AND LAST. "'SCEPTRE' WINS!" 

Losses of the English Turf in 1902 and 1903 Captain Machell Colonel Harry McCalmont and Isinglass 
"Two Important Races and I haven't won a Penny ! ""The Mate "St. Macloifs Double Event 
Prince Soltykoff Sun Rose and the Starting-gate Sir J. Blundell Maple A Splendid Stud The 
Remount Department Racing Expenses Betting- Abuses The Duke of Portland and the Jockey 
Club Mr. Sievier's Purchase of Sceptre A Famous Derby A Record for the Classic Events 
Mr. W. Bass buys the Mare The Great Race for the Eclipse Stakes of 1903 Famous Fields in 
Former Races Rock Sand Historic Mares On the Turf and at the Stud The Arab in Ancient 
Greece and Rome The Late Queen Victoria and English Racecourses The Hampton Court Stud 
The Truth about Remounts The Value of Imported Sires How to preserve Typical Conforma- 
tion The Ideal Turf Historian The Close of this Work ... ... ... ... 672 



APPENDIX. 

A. to N. Pedigrees of Flying Childers, Matchem, Herod, Eclipse, Blacklock, Carbine, Maximum II., 
Quo Vadis, Arizona, Beeswing, Stock-well, Bend Or, Isinglass, and Persimmon O. The Ballad of 
Gatherley Moor P. The Twelve Stone Plate at Newmarket in 1665 Q. Some Winning Owners 
R. Buckle's Last Race Card. 8. Four Days' Racing in the Season of 1903, at Sandown and New- 
market T. A List of Authorities. 

INDEX of Names of Horses ... ... 733 



INDEX 



[This Index contains references to the names of horses mentioned in the preceding chapters, but not to those names which 

occur only in the List of Illustrations or in the Appendix.] 



Aaron, 320 
Abbess, 588 

Abd-el-Kader, 598, 609,614 
Abercorn, 618, 706 
Abjer, 385, 420 
Abstinence, 570 
Abutt, no 
Achievement, 155, 432, 553, 

560, 648, 664, 670, 694, 

700 

Achmet, 459 
Ackworth, 559, 576 
Actceon, 293, 32r, 359, 487 
Adieu, 649 
Adonis, 367 
Advance, 313, 534 
Adventurer, 308 
sEsop, 615 
Agnes, 477 
Aim-well, 209, 259 
Ainderby, 264 
Alabaculia, 270, 353, 356 
Alarm, 294, 471,473. 495 
Albert Victor, 649, 660 
Alcibiade, 602 
Alcock Arabian, 168, 209, 

259, 325 

Alderman, 361, 457 
Alecto, 314 
Aleppo, 169, 203, 308 
Alexander, 311 
Alfred, 264, 283 
Algier, 190, 191 
Alicante, 667, 674 
^/ Hawthorn, 288, 320, 

405, 467, 480, 483, 572, 

700, 701 
Aliiaal, 684 
./// /f/mtf, 498 
. \llbrook, 533, 630 
./// Fours, 327 
.llmanzar, 118, 166 
yl//, 500 

Altisidora, 321, 400 
Altobello, 20, 24 
Amato, 320, 387, 663 
Amazon, 527 
Ambrosio, 293, 335 
Ambush, 432 

Ambush II., 5&r, 608, 615 
Amiable, 568, 649, 657, 685 
Antpliion, 638, 666 



Vol. II. begins with p. 225. Vol. III. begins with p. 465. 



Amphora, 659 
Anatis, 601 
Ancaster Creeper, 118 
Ancaster Driver, 261 
Ancaster Egyptian, 261 
Ancaster Gentleman, 261 
Ancaster Starling, 210, 261 
Ancaster Turk, 134, 152, 

166, 170, 188, 307, 311 
Andover, 155, 420, 461, 

692 

Andre^a, 155, 320 
Angelica, 283, 477, 636, 

650 

Annette, 263, 311, 477 
Antaeus, 373 
Antelope, 260 
Anticipation, 449 
Antinous, 257, 286, 326 
Antonia, 398 
Antoninus, 420 
Antonio, 450 
Anvil, 286, 332 
Aphrodite, 514, 627 
Apology, 303, 345, 694, 700 
Arabian, 113, 261, 264 
Archduke, 292 
Archer, 124 
Archibald, 513 
Archiditc, 433 
Ardeer, 684 
.-//</ Patrick, 428, 507, 540, 

616, 649, 662, 664, 691, 

692, 696, 698, 706 
Ardrossan, 385, 451, 476 
Arethusa, 293, 701 
Argences, 562 
.-ly Navis, 68 1 
Arizona, 653, 695 
Arsenal, 529 
Ascetic, 613 
Ascham, 265, 286, 326 
Ascot, 292 

Ashriage Ball, 188, 265 
^ttV, 150 
Assassin, 258, 458 
Atalanta, 284, 650 
- Itheliag, 614 
Athena, 559, 560, 623 
At-him-Jcnnv , 208 
Atlantic, 518, 574 
Atlas, 260, 352 



Attila, 293, 363, 420, 464, Barefoot, 322, 384, 451, 420 



697 

Augusta, 155, 289, 385 
Augustus, 289 
Auracaria, 281 
Aurum, 618, 658, 706 
Austerlitz, 606, 608 
Australian Peer, 285 
Australian Star, 653, 658, 

706 

Australian (U.S.A.), 285 
Avalanche, 618 
Aventuriere, 477 
. lyacanora^ 281 



AZ/-K Dance, 684 
Baroncino, 564 
Baronet, 335, 358, 361 
Bartizan, 654 
Bartlett's Childers, 146, 

152, 166, 170, 197, 200, 

206, 216, 308, 329 
AJ.W Rock, 653, 695 
Basto, 124, 137, 146, rjo, 

186, 209, 216, 260 
Batchelor ' s Button, 619 
Bathsheba, 503 
Bait, 166, 641 



Ayrshire, 130, 307, 314, Baxter, 143 

421, 546, 554, 568, 574, Bay Arabian, 124, 203, 228 
576, 646, 647, 650, 684 Bay Barb, 124 
Azor, 289, 384, 385 Bay Bolton, 112, 118, 120, 

Azrek, 702 128, 129, 133, 146, 200, 

202, 210, 216, 229, 266, 
317. 352 
Bay Celia, 560 
Bay Childers, 146 



Baber, 327 



Corbet, 49 



Babraham, 146, 170, 212 Bay D' Any, no 



215 


Bay Harrington, 42 


Baccelli, 267 


Bay Jack, 165, 198 


Bacchante, 289 


/toy Malton, 270, 275, 286, 


Bacchus, 229, 675 


312. 324, 326, 327, 353 


Badger, 200 


/toy Middle f on , 36, 1 30 , 


Bagdad, 285 


155, 289, 291, 292, 316, 


Bagpiper, 165, 190 


385, 409, 459, 461, 464, 


Bajazet, 212, 213 


480, 513 


Bald Charlotte, 120, 143, 


/to_y Newcastle, 69 


i 4 6 


Bay Peg, 133, 186, 197 


Bald Frampton, 168 


/toy Pigot, 176 


/to A/ Galloway, 75, 138, 


/to/ Rosebery, 42 


146, 166, 170 


/toy Tarrel, 64, 67 


Baldwin, 499 


/toy Tempest, 36 


/to#, 68 1 


/to_y Wanton, 189 


Ball, 106, 132, 141 


Beadsman, 316, 322, 483, 


BjUantrae, 541, 673 


494. 5 ! 4. S3 1 - 55 8 - 62 7 


Ballot Box, 587 


Beauclerc, 467 


Balmoral, 684 


Beau Clincher, 268 


Bandy, 223 


Bcaudesert, 629 


Banker, 458 


Bcaufremont, 356 


Banter, 314 


Beauty, 209 


/tor, 1 08 


Beehunter, 505 



without a tongue, 122 Beeswing, 283, 316, 404, 

Barbells, 292, 480, 504 464, 466, 467, 475, 476, 

Barcaldine, 124, 138, 158, 479, 480, 483, 697, 700, 

25. 435 7i 



Beggarman, 398 
Beiram, 289, 293 
A?/ Demonio, 322 
A-/ Esperanza, 569 
Belgrade Turk, 158, 216, 

333 

Belgrave Turk, 166 
Belinda, 294 
Belladrum, 572 
Bellario, 233, 310, 327, 

33i 

Bellerophon, 229, 312 
Bellina, 223 
Belshazzar, 556 
Bendigo, 123, 153, 317, 

578,696 
&</ Or, 75, 130, 155, 156, 

29. 3'4. 316, 35 1 . 364. 

433. 533. 534, 535. 554. 

578, 649, 650 
Beningbrough, 288, 318, 

336. 442 

Beningbrough Mare, 283 

A?.rf .l/a, 669 

Bethell Arabian, i63 

Betty Leedes, 195 

Atf/y Percival, 176 

A'// of Portland, 649, 666 

AY/v, 1 86 

Binnacle, 467 

Birdcatcher, 156, 166, 290, 
308, 311, 314, 316, 317, 
3i8, 457, 578, 615, 654 

Birmingham, 293, 475 

Bismarck, 322 

A'af*, 498 

Ato Air/5, 145 

Blackfoot, 190 

Black Hearty, 124, 200 

Black-legged Royal Mare, 

437 

Blacklegs, 124, 134, 151, 

152, 165, 189, 197, 198, 

216 

Blacklock, 166, 290, 294, 

311, 314, 317, 318, 320, 

400, 420, 437, 446, 448, 

45L 458, 569. 577. 6;4 
Ato* Morocco, 68 
Black Nanny, 134 
AW* Prince, 623 
Black Saladin, 19 



Vol. II. begins with p. 225. Vol. III. begins with p. 465. 



VOL. III. 



O O 



734 



INDEX. 



Vol. II. begins with p. 225. Vol. III. begins with p. 465. 



Black Sand, 665 

Black Sloven, 114 

Blair Athol, 289, 318, 363, 

412, 416, 476, 477, 479, 

480, 574, 668, 692 
Blairfinde, 649 
Blanche of Middlebie, 552 
Blank, 130, 197, 228, 257, 

266, 286, 288, 309, 310 
Blaze, 197, 213, 313 
Blenheim, 621 
Blink Bonny, 156, 303, 315, 

316, 318, 382, 388, 417, 

468, 479, 480, 483, 692, 

694, 701 

Blinkhoolie, 479, 677 
Bloodstone, 364 
Bloody Buttocks, 120, 166 
Bloody Shouldered A ration , 

168, 203 

Bloomsbury, 464, 692 
Blossom, 119, 150, 170 
Blucher, 399 
Blue Bonnet, 314, 405, 464, 

476, 53. 54 
Blue Cap, 105 
Blue Gown, 155, 322, 416, 

SM. SIS. 553. 558. 628 
Blue Ribband, 575 
Blundel, 186 
Blunderbuss, 104, 134 
Bob, 108 

Booadil, 233, 588 
Bob Booty, 316 
Bobrinski, 653 
Bobsey, 197 
Bobsie, 619 
Boiard, 566, 620, 697 
Bolingbroke Grey Arabian, 

228 

Bolton Sloven, 122 
Bolton Starling, 197, 267, 

275 

Bolton Sweepstakes, 168 

Bona Rosa, 66 1 

Bona Vista, 420, 422, 649 

Bon dick, no 

Boniface, 5 

Bonnie Morn, 429 

Bonny Bay, 200 

Bonny Black, 134, 146, 

200 

Bonny Jean, 674 
Bopeep, 98 
Bordeaux, 288 
Border, 421 
Border Knight, 531 
Borodino, 400 
Bosphorus, 295 
Bounce, 259 
Bourbon, 420, 449 
Boitrton, 600 
#?, 3:7, 534 
Brahma, 563 
Bran, 155, 476 
Breadalbane, 563, 648 
Breadknife, 692 
Briar, 223 
Bridegroom, 610 
Briglia, 675 



Brilliant, 168, 233, 236, Caller Ou, 351, 479, 531, 

310 700 

Brimmer, 120, 122, 124, Callistrate, 295 

133, 189 Calveley, 641, 647 



Chanticleer, 316, 325, 361, 

515 

Chapean a' Espagne, 461 
Charibert, 554, 574 



, 118, 124, 166, 186, Camarine, 304, 320, 459, Charles XII., 321, 404, 



190, 203, 2ii 575 

British Yeoman, 472 Camballo, 569 

Brocklesby, 123, 165 Cambuscan, 564 

Brocklesby Betty, 124, 138, Cambusmore, 535 



146, 186 

Bronze, 223, 288 
Broomielaw, 479 
Brown Betty, 195 
Brown Lusty, 133 
Brown Thornville, 380 
Browne Newcastle, 69 
Brownlow, 168 



/, 313, 316, 415 
Camelia, 566 
Camelopard, 321 
Camilla, 133, 270 
Camillus, 113, 202, 320 
Canadian, 363 
Canezou, 483, 497 
Canteen, 452 



464, 467, 476, 504, 507, 

5!5. 6 97 
Charlotte, 190 
Charm, 587 
Charmer, 200 
Charming Jenny, 122, 150, 

176 

Chatelherault, 570 
Chatsworth, 324, 327 
Cterj, 428, 693, 698 
Chelandry, 436 
Cherry, 631 



Brownlow Turk, 124, 210, Canterbury Pilgrim, 155, Chesnut Arabian, 121 



325 436, 543. 643 

Bruce, 121 C<z/ and Bells, 662 

Brunette, 591, 597, 614 Cajte Flyaway, 134, 499 

Brutandorf, 304, 320, 420, Cappa White, 608 

451, 452 Capsicum, 373 

Brutus, 270 Captain, 190 

Buccaneer, 294, 295, 296, Cara, 398 



420, 515, 564, 618 
Bucentaure, 566 
Bucephalus, 211, 310 
Buckhunter, 138, 146 
Buckingham, no 
Buckstone, 321, 468, 517 
Buckthorn, 420, 498, 499 
Buffcoat, 170 
/(//, 108 



Carabine, 619 
Caractacus, 517, 692 
Caravan, 313 
Carbine, 158, 314, 433 

481, 574, 646, 656, 706 
Cardinal Beaufort, 258, Chorister, 457, 622 

382 Christmas Carol, 562 

Cardinal Puff, 270, 327 Cincinnatus, 312 
Cardinal York, 223 Cinderella, 406 



Chicken, 200, 502 
Chigger, 310 
CAz'/rf 0/;V; J/>/, 656 
Childers, 150, 213 
Childivick, 421, 649, 682 
Childwickbury, 682 
Chillaby, 108, 124, 145, 

166 

Chillaby Arabian, 239 
Chimney Sweeper, 202 
Chippenham, 603 
Chopper, 108 



Burton Barb Mare, 155, Careless, 118, 120, 121, Cinquefoil, 699 

132, 150, 169, 174, 195, Cinnamon, 118, 119 



r 5 8 . 43 6 . 43 8 
Bushey Park, 543 
Bustler, 120, 134, 146 
Busybody, 155, 518, 574 
Butler, 70 
Button, 75, 134, 190 
Buzzard, 157, 223, 288, 

322, 406, 448 
Byerly Gelding, 124 
Byerly Turk, 44, 75, 112, Castrel, 158, 223, 2 

119, 120, 154, 155, 166, 320, 448 

173, 176, 186, 200, 210, Cathedral, 468 

211, 256, 266, 280, 282, Catherina, 314, 406 

285, 307, 653 
Byerly Turk Bustler Marc, 

436 
Byerly Turk Mare, 130 



200, 266, 352 
Carlton, 523, 537 
Carnival, 451 
Caroline, 155, 259, 313 
Cartouch, 124 
C'awe 7"e/e, 604 
Cassimore, 429 
Castaway, 134, 137 



572 

Cafo, 168, 257, 324 
Cotton, 321, 420, 452 
Caustic, 584 
Cecilia, 518/574 
Cedric, 264, 294, 385 
Ceres, 155, 223 
Cereza, 633 
Certosa, 640 
129, 166, 170, 211, Cervantes, 284 

256, 275, 282, 288, 309, Ceylon, 560, 623 

324 



Clanville, 310 
Claret, 259, 684 
Clarion, 477 
Cleaver, 264 

Clementina, 294, 438, 510 
Cleopatra, 210 
Clifden, 363 
Clinker, 582 
296, C/jo, 311 

Cloister, 608, 614 
Clorane, 645, 660 
C/OTW-, 566 
Catherine Hayes, 316, 322, Clubb, 128 

Clumsev, 122 

Clumsy, 120, 133, 176, 197, 

285 

Clwyd, 65i, 669 
Cobham, 363, 404 
Cobweb, 155, 291, 385, 544, 

701 

Cockfighter, 357, 529 
C0C/& Robin, 589 
Coffin Mare, 74 
Coheiress, 466 



Chaleureux, 653 
Cadland, 155, 320, 385, Chalfont, 327 

456, 458, 468 Challenge, 560, 623 

Cadogan, 620 Chamant, 566 

Champagne, 660 



Ciesar, 218 
C'a/n, 294 
CWai, 551 
Calash, 288 
Caliban, 310 
Caliph, 588 



Colchester, 120 
Cole ' s Barb, 122 
Collar, 641 
Collingwood, 556 
Colonel, 155 



Champion, 118, 190, 314, Colsterdale, 322, 468 

392, 452 Columba, 628 

Chance, 136, 189, 213, 341 Colwick, 293 

Chandos, 522 '; Away, 609, 615 

Chanter, 134, 197, 699 Comedy, 675 



Conifit, 294 

Commodore, 316 

Common, 158, 284, 430, 

566, 628, 630, 638, 684 
Commoner, 75, 122, 202 
Compliment, 684 
Comte d'A rtois, 451 
Comus, 228, 284, 312, 321, 

402, 420, 437, 448, 451, 

452, 456 
Condor, 566 

Conductor, 259, 264, 329 
Coneyskins, 124, 151, 152 
Congress, 615 
Conqueror, 70, 197, 213 
Conquest, 542 
Conrad, 596 
Conservator, 390 
Consul, 670 
Conyers Arabian, 352 
Coombe Arabian, 228 
Coriander, 288, 320, 361 
Corisande, 670 
C0>-,4, 107, 132 
Coronation, 288, 292, 317, 

420, 464, 483 
Corregio, 401 
Corsair, 317 
Corsica, 310 
Cortolvin, 602 
Cosmopolite, 565 
Cossack, 321, 388, 412, 420, 

481, 483, 504, 684, 692, 

699 
Cotherstone, 62, 122, 314, 

363, 385, 460, 464, 472, 

474, 484, 551, 552, 577 
Cottager, 673, 684 
Coughing Polly, 197 
Counsellor, 122 
Count Beni m, 191 
Counterpane, 641 
Cor/ #//, 684 
Cowslip, 292 
Cra, 119, 123, 124, 146, 

153, 168, 198, 200, 206, 

209, 210, 213, 257, 275, 

325 

Crafton, 296, 632, 674 

Craig Millar, 155, 569 

Craig Royston, 295 

Crazy, 206 

Cream Cheeks, 118, 176 

Creepe, 170 

Creeper, 118, 119, 191, 333, 

359, 361 

Creeping Kate, 190 
Creeping Molly, 124, 165, 

176, 202 

Creeping Polly, 318 
Cremorne, 158, 416, 468, 

510, 620, 697 
Cresceus, 143 
Cress ida, 320 
Cricket, 121, 132, 145 
Cricketer, 259 
Cripple, 202, 267, 325 
Croagh Patrick, 626 
Cromwell, 74 
Cronie, 266 



Vol. II. begins with p. 225. Vol. III. begins with p. 465. 



INDEX. 



735 



Crop, 107 

Crucifix, 158, 292, 314, 

320, 438, 460, 461, 470, 

510, 560, 622, 694, 700, 

701 

Cruiser, 294 
Cruiskeen, 317, 505 
Csardas, 672, 690 
Cullen Arabian, 265, 275 
Cupbearer, 429, 693 
Cupid, 120, 145, 166 
Cure- All, 597 
Curio, 654 
Curiosity, 223 
Cunuen Bay Barb, 120, 

138, 169, 186, 203, 317 
Curtven Old Spot, 119, 122 
Cn::iti, 206 
Cyllene, 422 
Cymba, 156, 388 
Cyprian, 155, 405, 464 
Cypron, 256, 285 
Cyprus Arabian, 168, 200 
Cyrus, 168, 607 



Vol. II. begins with p. 225. Vol. III. begins with p. 465. 

Dunsinane, 450 Evelina, 294, 318 

Dutch Oven, 518, 574, 620, Evelyn, 123 



Dexterous, 467 

Diakka, 314 

Diamond, 105, 122, 161, 

335. 3'i8 

Diamond D'Arcy, 104 
Diamond Jubilee, 5, 157, 

528, 541, 576, 641, 643, 

646, 649, 665 
Diana, 168 



674 
.Da*, 288 
Dyer ' s Dimple, 150 



, 376, 444 



Evergreen, 288 
Everlasting, 264, 333 
Example, 397 
Expectation, 284 
Express, 335 



Andreses, 290, 321, Eagle Colt, 362 



45 

Dicky Pierson, 124 
Dieudonnt, 646 



Eastern Princess, 412 
Ebor, 446 
Echidna, 318 



Fairfax's 
75. ">4 



Morocco Barb, 



Dimple, 120, 168, 170, 303 Eclipse, 44, 146, 148, 151, Fair Helen, 188 



Dinna Forget, 653 
Diomed, 233, 332, 345 
Diophantus, 556, 704 
Discount, 597, 608 
Disguise //. , 4, 662 
Dismal, 118 
Disraeli, 569 
Disturbance, 292, 452, 605, 

606, 677 
Divorce Court, 682 



162, 166, 173, 188, 209, f airplay, 264 

211, 213, 216, 223, 233, Faith, 223, 288 

256, 257, 263, 267, 270, Fanchon, 467 

275, 280, 282, 285, 290, Fandango, 474 

291, 296, 297, 298, 299, Fanny, 112, 134, 143, 212 

301, 303, 305, 306, 309, Fanny Dawson, 318 

310, 356, 414, 415, 416, Fanny Gray, 552 

417, 436, 481, 503, 577, Fantail, 552 

653> 654 Famvell, 632 

Economist, 314, 318, 469 Farintosh, 460 



/)/-. Syntax, 283, 315, 448, Ecossais, 480, 552, 566, 704 Father O'Fiynn, 614 



Daddy Longlegs, 589 
Daedalus, 155, 166, 223, 

43 6 

Dainty, 601 
Dainty Davy, 327, 356 
Dancer, 206 
Dancing Master, 190 
Dandy, 362 
Dangerous, 322, 387 
Dangu, 565 
Daniel O'Rourke, 62, 388, 

406, 420, 483 
/}<* O'Connell, 594, 597 
Dapper, 256, 263 
Darcey, 190 
D' Arcy Counsellor, 122 
D'Arcy White Turk, 122, 

'33. J 5 2 . '97. 37 
D'Arcy \Voodcock, 104, 

134, 2" 
D'Arcy Yellmv Turk, 122, 

124, 152, 186, 307 
Darius, 120 
Darley Arabian, 44, 75, 

146, 150, 151, 165, 169, 

173. J 76. I9 1 . '95. 202. 

213, 256, 266, 280, 285, 

286, 289, 308, 311, 313, 

316, 436, 653 
Decave, 619 

Defence, 292, 294, 313, 316 
Defender, 617 
Defiance, 316 
Delpini, 263, 264 
Democrat, 253 
Denmark, 329 
Dcnnis-oh ! 321 
Derby Ticklepitchcr, 122 
Dervise, 170, 395 
Despair, 296, 654 
Despatch, 604 
Devonshire Childcrs, 2o5 
Devotion, 282 



464. 542 
Dodsworth, 120, 124 
Dodsworth 's Darn, 98, 104 

s, 296, 654 
I, 206 
~>on Carlos, 257 



Elba, 694 

Eleanor, 233, 320, 335, 

382, 384, 692, 694 
Election, 258, 304, 438 
Elephant, 262 
El Hakim, 529 



Doncaster, 158, 290, 315, /?/, 289, 291, 399, 409, 



441. 461, 464. 575. 622, 
624 



420, 427, 477, 515, 517 

554, 578, 620, 626, 668 
Don John, 284, 294, 398, Elizabeth M. , 412, 673 

404, 464 F.I la, 515 

Donovan, 131, 157, 437, Ellen Home, 477 

554, 568, 569, 574, 646, Ellen Middleton, 294 

650, 655 Ellerdale, 322, 476 

Doochary, 693 Ellermire, 476, 515 

Doricles, 543, 644, 660, Ellington, 42?, 476 

665, 671, 673 Eltham, 562 

Dorimant, 228, 312, 332 Elthiron, 288 
Dorimond, 257, 264 
Dormouse, 170, 257, 275 
Doubt, 500, 501, 502 
Doubtful, 108 
Dragon, 64, 95, 106, 107, 

108, 120, 125, 126, 127, 

129. 133. '38, 143. 368, 

566 



Dragon the Second, 128 

Droghfda, 609 

Dromo, 260 

Drone, 326 

Drudge, 212 

Drumcree, 608, 613 

Drumhead, 675 

Dmtnmond, 566 

Duchess, 137, 138, 213, 164 Epaminondas, 533 

Duke of Beaufort, 623 Ephemera, 155, 158, 259 

Duke of Westminster, 220, Epirus, 289, 398, 473, 474 

429, 432, 690, 696 
Dulcibella, 623 
Dinnplin, 168, 256, 303 
/>//// Arabian, 122 



/X 7>v, 124, 168 
Emblem, 600, 601, 614 
Emblematic, 600, 602 
Emetic, 239 
l-'.militts, 293, 320, 384, 

390, 404, 443, 457, 461, 

464 

Emily, 320 

Emma, 316, 321, 474, 701 
Empress, 311, 608, 614 
Energy, 421, 630 
Engineer, 264, 331 
England, 165 
Enigma, 284 
Ennui, 480 
Enthusiast, 614, 655 



Faugh~a-Ballagh, 156, 317, 

420 

Favell, 13 
Favonian, 295 
Favonius, 158, 626, 670, 

671, 697 

Favourite, 124, 210 
Faizoletto, 134 
Fearnought, 122, 133, 146, 

190, 210 
Fee now, 271 

Fenwick Barb, 70, 128, 307 
Feramorz, 387 
Fernhill, 618, 627 
Feronia, 289 
Festiis, 468 
Fiancee, 619, 695 

ro //. , 477 
f, 282 
Filagree, 291 
Filbert, 134 
Filho da Puta, 292, 293, 

355. 399, 43. 42, 475 
/'/// rf /'^!>, 284, 562, 

565, 670, 701 
Findon, 479 

Firetail, 257, 270, 324, 329 
Fisherman, 158, 296, 315, 

417, 468, 480, 499, 503, 

522, 564, 575, 576, 617, 

618 

FitzRoland, 627 
Flageolet, 626, 697 
Flash in the Pan, 415 
Flatface, 112 
Flatfoot, 49, 77, 91, 93 
Fleecem, 197 



Dundee, 515, 517 
Dundonald, 428 
Ditngannott, 288, 293, 303, Europa, 560 
311, 332 Evander, 449, 450 



Epsom Lad, 253, 425, 664, FleurdEH, 661 

665, 696, 697 Fleur de I.ys, 112, 321, 

Escape, 216, 225, 233, 357, 

359. 361. 395 
Euclid, 321, 404, 464, 467 
Euphrosvne, 477 



395. 449. 55", 7OO, 74 
Flight, 316 
Flora, 320 
/'/or Fina, 630 
Florian, 564 
Floriform, 644, 660, 673 



Hansel, 345, 388, 438 
Florizel II,, 290, 421, 627, 

64 1 . 643. 6 44. 6 49. 6 59. 

684 

Flotsam, 428, 540, 699 
/'/X-, 701 
Flying Childers, 146, 150, 

165, 170, 195, 2IO, 2l6, 

260, 275, 283, 285, 293, 

38. 313. 345. 4i6 
Flying Duchess, 290 
Flying Dutchman, 155, 

'57. 3'6, 321, 409, 467, 

485, 489, 507 
Flying Fox, 157, 158, 290, 

316, 417, 421, 430, 437, 

527. 543. 544. 55. 57^. 

578, 621, 636, 641, 649, 

664, 668, 696 
Flying Jib, 218 
Flying Lemur, 429, 693 
Flying Whigg, 166, 174 
Forester, 262 
Forfarshire, 684 
Formosa, 294, 432, 515, 

533. 569. 691. 694. 7^ p 
Fortissimo, 531 
Fortitude, 333 
Fortunatus, 627 
Fortune Hunter, 267 
Fosco, 671 
Fowling Piece, 693 
/far, 132, 133, 216, 285, 

359. 388 
Foxbury, 498 
/TO; Ci*, 176 
Foxhall, 523, 561, 564, 623 

674 

Foxhiniter, 138, 206 
/V<z Diavolo, 284 
Frampton's Turk, 132 
Franklin, 49 
Freake, 64 
Frederick, 325 
Freemason, 654 
Freetrader, 589, 599 
I'riar s Balsam, 631 
Frigate, 608, 609, 614 
Friponnier, 470 
Frisell, 68 
Frisetl Longlegs, 68 
Frolic, 420 
/' i/iit'v, 606 
Fvldener, 293 



Gabrielle d'Estre'es, 565 
Gadabout, 318 
</'</;.',, 108 
Gainsborough, 415 
Galtinthus, 466 
Galnta, 289, 459 
Galcotlia, 569 
Galliard, 568, 569, 574, 

668 

Gallinnle, 421, 616 
Gallopade, 304 
Galopin, 158, 171, 250, 

316, 320, 420, 422, 427, 



Vol. II. begins with p. 225. Vol. III. begins with p. 465. 



736 



INDEX. 



Vol. II. begins with p. 225. Vol. III. begins with p. 465. 



433. 437. 5 6 4, 567. 568, 

574, 668, 672 
Galtee More, 158, 420, 438, 

543. 576> 616, 649, 662 
Galtram, 308 
Game Chick, 690 
Game Chicken, 610 
Gamecock, 608, 609 
Gamester, 404 
Gander, 176 
Gannet, 466 
Gaoler, 382 
Gaper, 460, 471, 472 
Gardevisure, 553 
Gaudy, 401 
G<y Lad, 596, 608 
Gehfimniss, 629 
Gemma di Vergy, 317, 457, 

468, 503, 529 
General, 311 

General Chasst, 406, 476 
General Peel, 487 
George Frederick, 314, 650 
Georgiana, 321 
Ghuznee, 288, 464 
6V, 268 
Gildermire, 617 
Gimcrack, 223, 236, 252, 

267, 303, 312, 324, 325, 

326, 331, 414, 417, 428, 

475 

G?>jy/, 133, 200, 216, 357 
Girton Girl, 682, 684 
Gladiateur, 21, 158, 282, 

284, 294, 316, 438, 551, 

554. 561, 562, 563, 564, 

565, 566, 567 
Gladiator, 161, 291, 294, 

2 9S. 316, 318, 481 
Glamos, 265 
Glasalt, 680 
Glass Jug, 680, 699 
Glaucus, 157, 294, 295, 

34 

Glenarlney, 449, 458, 556 

Glencoe, 289, 295, 296, 316, 
459, 618 

Glenwood, 669 

Glowworm, 267 

Godolphin, 257 

Godolphin Arabian, 44, 49, 
98, 150, 158, 161, 166, 
169, 170, 172, 173, 181, 
209, 212, 229, 256, 263, 
267, 268, 275, 280, 282, 

307, 316, 333, 653 
Godolphin Blossom, 325 
Godolphin Mare, 436 
Gog Magog, 181 
Gohanna, 166, 258, 288, 

294, 311, 321, 418 
Gold, 681 

Golden Crown, 314 
Golden Locks, 119, 120 
Goldjinch, 28^, 639 
Goldjinder, 75, 155, 283, 

308, 324, 327, 436, 438, 
501, 502' 

Goletta, 671 

Goliath, 124, 197, 420 



Golumpus, 321 


161, 198, 320, 335, 338, 


Hester, 363 


/o, 294, 296, 316 


Gomera, 556, 623 


357. 446 


Hetmaji Platoff, 321, 322, 


/;/>, 483 


Gorhamburv, 586 


Hambletonian Colt, 376 


481 


Irish Birdcatcher, 477, 480 


Goshawk, 467 


Hamburg, 673 


Highflyer, 130, 228, 259, 


Ironsides, 401 


Gouverneur, 566, 639, 640 


Hampton, 283, 415, 433, 


261, 266, 286, 288, 292, 


Iroquois, 4, 20, 158, 535, 


Governatore, 20, 24 


437, 626, 641, 684 


294. 295, 310, 318, 356, 


564 


Gower, 309 


Hampton Court Chestnut 


359. 417, 421, 565 


Isaac, 404 


Gower Stallion, 268, 282 


Arabian, 176 


Highlander, 252, 475 


Isabel, 704 


Grand Coup, 563 


Hampton Court Chillers, 


Highland Laddie, 176 


Ishmael, 289, 531 


Grantham, 186 


197 


Highland Lassie, 206 


Isidore, 535 


Grasshopper, 124, 265 


Handicapper, 661, 673 


7/j^, 138, 213 


Isinglass, 5, 158, 433, 438, 


Gra_y Azn>, 145 


Hannah, 158, 468, 670, 


Hippia, 559, 670, 694 


470, 576, 628, 645, 649, 


Greenmantle, 289, 392 


694, 700 


Hippolyta, 670 


656, 664, 677, 678, 680, 


Green Pea, 467 


Hannibal, 258, 394 


Holibie iVoble, 288, 515, 572 


696 


Green Sleeve, 514, 569 


Hanover, 295 


Hobby, 186 


/>, 468 


Green Sleeves, 558, 628 


Haphazard, 292, 293, 320, 


Hobby Mare, 138 


Isoline, 618, 619 


Grey Appleton, 49 


335, 400 


Hobgoblin, 146, 158, 169, 


Isonomy, 158, 317, 351, 433, 


Grev Arabian, 164 


Happy Slave, 647, 699 


210, 308 


435, 523, 626, 628 


Grey Azri, 137 


Hardwicke, 599 


/fyf, 120 


Ithuriel, 314, 497 


Grev Bingham, 42 


Haricot, 479 


Holbein, 420 




Grey Brocklesby, 120, 325 


Harkaway, 158, 166, 311, 


Holderness Turk, 168 




Grev Clifford, 36 


314, 3 lfi . 3i8, 416, 464, 


Hollandaise, 261, 263, 282, 




Grev Crofts, 176, 202 


481, 53. 6l 5 


356 


Jack-come-tickle-me, 207 


Grev Dallavell, 49 


Harmless, 190 


Holocauste, 527, 567 


/flc of Hilton, 218 


Grey Diomed, 333, 360, 


Harpurs Arabian, 168 


Homily, 533 


Jack Spigot, 451, 476, 485 


361 


Harriet, 119 


Honest Kitt, 216 


Jacko, 327 


Grev Dosby, 42 


Hartley Mare, 166 


Honeycomb Punch, 120, 


Jacquemart, 671 


Grey Ellerton, 49 


Hartley Mare, Large, 170 


122 


Janette, 574 


Grev Hautboy, 112, 118, 


Hartley's Blind Horse, 166, 


HonfYwood White A rabian , 


Janissary, 156 


133, 202 


168, 202, 316 


166 


Jannette, 155, 554, 650, 


Grevhound, 108, 124 


Hartley s Little Mare, 197 


Honywood Arabian, 124 


6 57. 695, 697 


Grev Lambert, 49 


Harvester, 128, 470, 518, 


Horizon, 311, 312 


Janus, 587 


Grev Layton, 122 


543, 632, 647, 677 


Horse Chestnut, 569 


Jarnicoton, 565 


Grev /.y, 296, 498, 543, 


Hautboy, 75, 118, 119, 120, 


Hospodar, 565 


Jason, 210, 265 


653, 654. 660 


152 


Hotspur, 504 


Jasper, 670 


Greylegs, 118 


Haute Saone, 633 


Hudibras, 312 


Jeddah, 155, 156, 643 


Grev Momus, 284, 461 


Have-at-all, 208 


/fa? WHO? 6>v, 570 


Jennv, 268 


Grev Newcastle, 69 


Havoc, 656 


Humphrey Clinker, 284, 


Jenny-come-tie-me, 207 


Grey Ram sden, 75, 112 


Hawk, 584 


437, 449 


Jenny Howlett, 476 


G/YV Robin, 228, 312 


Hawker, 134 


Hurricane, 476 


Jenny l.ind, 467 


Grey Stanhope, 42 


Hawthornden, 130, 155 


Hutton Royal Colt, 104 


Jerboa, 294 


Grey Stroud, no 


Hazafi, 564 


Hutton' s Bav Barb, 152, 


Jereed, 289 


Grec Valentine, 49 


Hazard, 136, 189 


37 


Jerne, 316 


Grey Why Not, 128, 166 


Headlong, 284 


Hutton s Grey Barb, 124, 


/errv, 263, 283, 355, 451, 


Grey Wilkes, 122, 152, 156 


Hector, 213 


37 


452, 45 6 . 5 to, 595- 596, 


Grimaldi, 325, 584 


Heidelberg, 415 


Hyale, 449 


608 


Grimston, 476 


//// /<?, 208 


Hybla, 480 


Jessica, 467 


Grisette, 553 


Helmsley Turk, 98, 104, 


Hylas, 364 


Jester, 570 


Grisewood's Teaser, 210 


122, 134, 307, 512 




/, 329 


Grudon, 608 


Hemp, 327 




//, 120, 168 


Guardian, 327 


Henry the First, 700 




Jilian Thrust, 64 


Giiava, 624 - 


Hepatica, 483 




Joe Andrews, 296, 311, 321 


Guiccioli, 316, 317 


Hephestion, 216 


Iambic, 150 


/( Miller, 294, 483, 528, 


Guise, 75 


Herald, 623 


/, 673 


575 


Gunboat, 529, 564 


Hermione, 293, 327, 338, 


Ibrahim, 459 


/0A# rt Nokes, 218 


Gunpowder, 311 


438 


A:^ Maiden, 641 


/o/i j5//, 223, 333 


Gitstavus, 325, 359, 567 


Hermit, 158, 282, 285, 303, 


Ignoramus, 674 


/0A Davis, 623 




314, 432, 461, 494, 513, 


//, 608 


Johnny, 312 




537, 553, 559. 5<5o. 613, 


lliona, 407, 498, 499 


/0Aw 0' Gaunt, 465, 481, 




667, 670, 677 


Illuminata, 650, 663 


680 




/tero, 563 


Imperatrice, 631 


Jonathan Wild, 476 




Herod, 44, 146, 151, 152, 


Imperieuse, 404, 483, 631, 


Jongleur, 566 




153. '73. J 98, 209, 228, 


674, 694 


Jouvence, 564 


Habit, 264 


229, 256, 257, 275, 280, 


Incendiary, 629 


Juba, 310 


Hackler, 613 


282, 285, 286, 291, 296, 


Indus, 556 


Julia, 130, 266, 294, 417 


Hairbreadth, 559 


353, 412, 414, 436, 618, 


Industry, 320, 464 


Juliance, 402 


Halfcaste, 608 


653. 6 54 


Infant, 132 


///'.(, 499, 556, 559, 560, 


Hall Court, 602, 603 


Herodias, 364 


Ingle man, 588 


570, 704 


Hambleton, 449 


Herring, 98 


Insulaire, 566 


Julius Ccesar, 704 


Hambletonian, 130, 155, 


Hesperus, 404, 704 


Interpreter, 420 


Juniper, 257, 320 



Vol. II. begins with p. 225. Vol. III. begins with p. 465. 



INDEX. 



737 



Jupiter, 321, 332, 414 
Justice, 138, 157, 257 



Kaiser, 620 
Kaleidoscope, 570 
Kangaroo, 562 
Kf tidal, 420, 633 
Kcrmesse, 620, 66 j 
Kestrel, 529 
Kettledrum, 158, 316, 420, 

678 

AVr* //, 108 
Kilcock, 660 
Kill' em and Eat em, 208 
Kilmeny, 572 
Kilwarliii, 153, 296, 543, 

635. 654. 677 
Kincsem, 314, 512, 564, 

626, 657, 701 
King Alfred, 670 
Kingcraft, 481, 517, 570, 

574. 670 
AVf Fergus, 212, 288, 290, 

296, 311, 314, 318, 320 
Kins; Herod, 212, 213, 256, 

257, 264 

King of the Valley, 591 
King Pippin , 498 
King's Courier, 653, 706 
Kingston, 294, 316, 42t, 

475. 483. 653. 654 
Kings Turk, 119 
AVf 7", 158, 281, 316, 

318, 438, 574, 670 
Kingwood, 311 
Kirkconnel, 284, 684 
Kisber, 294, 468, 548, 564, 

566, 567, 704 
Kiss-in-a-corner, 207 
Kissing Cup, 429 
Kitty, 268 
Kittywick, 682 
Knight of Gwynne, 614 
Knight of the Shire, 317 
Knight of the Thistle, 665 
Knightley s Mare, 124 
Knowsley, 358 
Kroonstad, 653 
Kunstler, 695 



L'Abbesse de Jouarrc, 674 
L'Africain, 615 
/-a Caniargo, 657, 684, 701 
fl Fleche, 156, 158, 417, 

424, 428, 429, 523, 639, 

640, 649, 657, 674, 692, 

694, 700, 704 
Art Paix, 646 
/. Roche, 4, 5, 641, 649, 

685 

/.rt Urugitaya, 665 
Labrador, 641 
La/fas, 130, 155, 156, 283, 

314, 42!, 429, 436, 477, 

570. 575. 576, 640, 663, 

674, 680, 684 



Vol. II. begins with p. 225. Vol. III. begins with p. 465. 

Ladislas, 331, 566 
Lady B rough, 394 
Lady Coventry, 569 
Lctdv Cow, 176 
Lady Elizabeth, 558, 559, 

560, 569, 623, 657, 700 
Lady Georgiana, 420 
Lady Hester, 623 
Lady Legs, 120, 143, 146 
Lady Morgan, 289 
Lady Paramount, 537 
Lady Peggy, 641 
Lady Thighs, 189, 208 
Lady Yardley, 284 
Lake, 361 
Lambert Turk, 75 
Lambkin, 574 
Lamplighter, 284, 415, 459 
Lamprie, 146, 200 
Lancashire, 653 
Lancet, 586 
Landscape, 292 
Lanercost, 157, 288, 322, 

363, 404, 405, 467, 476, 

481, 503, 504, 565 
Langar, 289, 466 
Langold, 321 
Languish, 288 
Laodamia, 659, 661 
Lapdog, 155, 258, 313, 458 
7.<z/A, 146, 158, 166, 170, 

213 
Launcelot, 313, 314, 

405, 464, 556 
Laura, 552 
Laurestina, 586 
Lavengro, 693 
Laveno, 649, 650 
Layton Barb Mare, 

158, 284, 436, 651 

7> Beau, 260 

7.e Blizon, 696 
/.c Mandarin, 562 
/, 638 



44, 



Limasol, 295* 


7,tt<ry Gray, 321 


Lister Snake, 124, 188 


Luggs, 122 


Lister Turk, 123, 138, 151, 


Lugg 's Mare, 202 


152, 186, 307 


Lusty, 105, 125 


List on, 467 


Luzborough, 498 


Little Charlie, 600 


Lyard, 13 


Little David, 532 




Little Driver, 146, 252, 




324 




/ (/>;, 312 




Little Hampton, 467 


Mabel, 143 


Little Highlander, 267 


Mabon, 647 


Little John, 168 


Macaroni, 295, 476, 494, 


Little Mountain Barb, 168 


533 


Z.tV//i Partner, 213 


Macaroon, 674 


7,;V//f Prince, 275 


MacGregor, 517 


/jWe AW #(', 415 


Macheath, 202, 296 


Little Tommy, 600 


Mackerel, 64, 108, 121 


Little Wonder, 320 


Mackintosh, 644, 660, 684 


Litton s Chestnut Arabian, 


Macmahon, 295, 296 


168 


McMahon, 654 


Liverpool, 322 


Madame Sarpi, 420 


Llanthony, 640 


Madcap, 108 


Lochiel, 621 


Mademoiselle de Chantilly, 


Lollypop, 294, 552, 556, 706 


564 


Lonely, 158, 667 


Magic, 608 


Longbow, 475, 483 


Magistrate, 420 


/-osf I -egged Lcrwthcr Barb, 


Magog, 263, 362 


122 


Magpie, 235 


7,o -17<y, 124, 165 


Maid of the Oaks, 223 


Longrange, 483 


Mail Train, 563 


I^ongwaist, 321 


Mainstone, 499, 515 


I-ongy, 422 


Makeless, 75, 112, 121, 124, 


I^nsdale Bay Arabian, 


133, 146, 168, 189, 282 


129, 132, 168, 265 


Malton, 303, 420 


Lonsdale Counsellor, no, 


Mambnno, 7, 143, 242, 


15 


264, 329, 331, 702 


Lonsdale Mare, 197 


Mambrino Howard, 143 



154, Lonsdale Tregonwell Barb Mameluke, 155, 293, 294, 



Mare, 121 
Lonsdale Tregonwell Marc, 

210 
Ij>oby, 108, 120, 213, 324 



3 8 5. 387. 449. 452. 456. 
458, 513. 556, 56. 6 2 3 
Mandane, 288, 320, 322, 

4'7 



Lord Bobs, 412, 673, 682, Manifesto, 608, 609, 614, 



ancy, 289, 295, 567, 654 684 



arrazin, 569 
Leadenheels, 107, 108 
Leamington, 317, 468 
Leander, 363 
Lecturer, 559, 564, 575, 

623, 697 
Leedes, 150, 176, 178, 188, 

202 
Leedes Arabian, 122, 152, 

178, 186, 197, 325 
Leonid, 690 
Leonie, 570, 572 
Levant, 533 
Leveret, 373 
Leviathan, 216 
Lexington, 233 
Lexington Arabian, 210 
7,zA'/, 471 
Liberator, 609 
rt>r, 553 
Lifeboat, 317, 468 
Lightfoot, 165 
Lilian, 620, 700 
/.z'/.v Agnes, 433, 476, 

650, 700 



LordClifden, 158, 283, 437, Mango, 130, 155,320, 470, 

533. 57 473. 479. 495 

Lord Fauconberg, 479 Manners, 641 

Lord George, 475, 610 Manuella, 393, 400 

Lord Lyon, 75, 130, 155, Marchioness, 156 

156, 510, 553, 565, 574, Mania, 293 

578, 648, 664 Marcion, 661, 684 

T-orrf o/VAi; /.!/, 284, 385 Marco, 296, 654 

T-fnz 1 Ronald, 560, 623, 648 Marcus, 397 

Lottery, 161, 322, 457, 589, Margrave, 284, 385, 455 

595 

Louise, 381 
Louise Victoria, 650 
Loupgarou, 322 
Louse, 208 

Tjwtf Wisely, 661, 695 
Loved One, 654 
Lmvland Chief, 138 
Lowlander, 567, 569 
Lowood, 641 



Maria, 288, 312, 317, 457 
Marie Stuart, 515, 517, 

657. 695. 7 
Marignan, 565 
Marigold, 290 
Mark Antony, 200, 259 
Markham Arabian, 6, 43, 

44, 48, 52, 68, 98, 150 
Marmion, 451 
Maroon, 405, 554 
Lowther Whitelegged Barb, Marpessa, 316 

168 Marquis, 263, 531 

LuceUum, 587 Marquis Conyngham, .,66 

Lucetta, 459, 681 .\farsden, 665 

Z.cv, 353 Marshall, 122, 284 



Marshal? s Spot, 119 
Marshall Turk, 165 
Marske, 152, 216, 218, 223, 

256, 257, 275, 307, 308, 

312, 320, 331 
Martagon, 666 
Martha, 614 
Martha Lynn, 321, 438, 

55 

Martin, 324 

Masquerade, 216 

Massey's Black Barb, 154, 
158, 438 

Master Henry, 314 

Master Kildare, 158, 317 

Matchbox, 630, 640 

Matchem, 44, 75, 119, 129, 
146, 148, 151, 152, 173, 
209, 213, 256, 261, 263, 
264, 275, 280, 282, 283, 
284, 285, 291, 296, 354, 
362, 436, 653, 654 

Matchmaker, 655 

Mat/lew, 597, 614 

Matilda, 385, 387, 397, 402, 
404, 456, 468, 484 

Maud Victoria, 650 

Mavourneen, 543 

Maximum, 695 

Mayday, 459 

Mead, 477, 695 

Meddler, 673 

Medina, 619 

Mcdura, 289, 659 

Melanion, 650 

Melbourne, 156, 284, 285, 
296, 318, 437, 474, 480, 

653 

Melidora, 197 

Melton, 317, 351, 421, 433, 

S3 1 . 535. 537. 54$. 5^6. 

5/'. 574. 631, 632, 635, 

666, 697 
Memnon, 112, 155, 321, 

449, 452, 456, 457, 510 
Memoir, 156, 158, 428, 554, 

556, 568, 639, 649, 657, 

666, 674, 695, 704 
Mendicant, 314, 322, 388, 

5'4. 7! 
Mentor, 471 
Mephisto, 633, 635 
Mercury, 123, 204, 311, 

321 

.]/<';<////(>, 406 
Merlin, 129, 134, 135, 136, 

137, 261, 288, 420, 446 
Merman, 658, 706 
Merry Andrew, 26 
Merry Gal, 665 
Mcny-go-round, 397 
Merry Hampton, 158, 314, 

427, 674, 684 
Merryman, 190, 200 
Merry Monarch, 364 
j'1/t'rrr Quaker, 203 
Messenger, 264, 331 
Mctaphysian, 331 
M,-t,vr, 223, 311, 333 
Meteor Colt, 373 



Vol. II. begins with p. 225. Vol. III. begins with p. 465. 



738 



INDEX. 



Vol. II. begins with p. 225. Vol. III. begins with p. 465. 



Meteora, 475 

Miami, 388 

Michael de Basco, 569 

Mickey Free, 475 

Midas, 475 

Middleton, 155, 291, 294, 

385, 415, 513 
Midlothian, 556 
Milford, 420 
Milkmaid, 190 
Milksop, 257 
Miller of Mansfield, 452 
Mimi, 543, 633 
Minion, 354 
Minotaur, 407 
Minstrel, 421 
Minthe, 655 
Minting, 75, 130, 315, 317, 

436, 537. S5L 574, 635 
Minting Queen, 684 
A/</ Sauce, 574 
Minuet, 155, 384 
Mirza, 265 
Miserrima, 288, 572 
Misfortune, 223, 288 
A/m, 112, 190 
A/m Agnes, 477 
Miss Archer, 619 
A/m Belvoir, 325 
A/m Coiner, 443 
A/m Cornforth, 357 
A/m Cranbourn, 257 
A/m Ditto, 420 
A/m /?/, 463, 465, 466 
.1/m Elliott, 325 
A/m Havclock, 623 
A/m Hungerford, 588 
A/m Jummy, 633, 674 
A/m Lay ton, 146 
A//J5 Letty, 320, 322 
A/m Meredith, 286 
A/m Mowbray, 599 
.1/m Neasham, 146, 202, 

203, 204 

A/m Nightingale, 362 
A/m />atofc, 138 
.1/m Patty, 102, 204 
A/m Pratf, 318 
A/m Ramsden, 168, 288 
A/m Redcap, 213 
A/m Slamerkin, 213 
A/m South, 242, 332 
A/m Tindall, 597 
A/m 7iw/<fy, 318 
', 284 



Mogul, 239 

Molly, 124, 133, 146, 165, 

176, 202 

Monahjue, 316, 564, 565 
Monica, 166 
Monkey, 132, 165, 168, 191, 

203 

Montague Mare, 394 
Montargis, 566 
Montem, 477 
Moonah Barb Mare, 145, 

158, 166, 176 
Moonraker, 584 
Moonshine, 420 
Moorcock, 146, 213 
Morel, 155, 266 
Morgan's Mare, 108 
Morganette, 649, 701 
Morglay, 295, 296 
Morion, 296, 654 
Morna, 553, 572 
Morocco, 68, 186 
Morocco Barb, 120, 122 
Mortemer, 552, 566 
Mortimer, 618 
Morwick Ball, 327, 356 
A/<M, 155, 294, 388, 397, 

418 

Moslem, 432, 694 
Mother Neasham, 202, 204 
Mouse, 107, 128, 197, 210 
Mffiuerina, 316, 320, 474, 

542. 574. 650 
Mulatto, 321, 415, 464, 

674 

Muley, 320, 420 
Muley Edris, 385, 535 
Muley Ishmael, 165 
Muley Moloch, 123, 153, 

288, 320, 479, 480 
Mundig, 62, 294, 321, 402, 

452, 473. 474 
A///c, 155, 384 
Musjid, 314, 514, 483, 531, 

627 
Musket, 158, 314, 433, 481, 

487, 510, 574, 617 
Mustapha, 191 
Mustard, 145, 191 
J/jvrt, 420 
^lyrmidon, 327 
^V/K Uncle, 543 



Nei.vminster, 166, 283, 307, Ollyan Nines, 564 
311, 314, 316, 363, 417, Olympia, 289 
437. 483. 5*4. 5 6 4. 57O, Olympian, 662, 673 



-1/m Windsor, 257 


Nablocklish, 318 


J/z'^j B^or&w^, 132, 133 


Nabot, 682, 706 


J/r. Pelham s drey Arab, 


Nailer, 583 


209 


Naivete", 623 


.1/r. Wilks, 133 


Napoli, 650 


.1/r.f. Barnet, 292 


Narcissus, 261 


J//-J. Buttenvick, 568, 649, 


Natural Barb Mare, 130, 


657. 674 


436 


J/rj. Coaxer, 208 


Naworth, 467 


J/rj. Ridgway, 290 


Nectar, 423 


Mixbury, 124. 134, 165, 


Nettle, 502 


190 


Newcastle Turk, 75 


Modest Molly, 204 


Newcourt, 466 


Modwena, 574, 633, 650 


Newhaven, 706 



Omar, 267 
Omladina, 684 
Omnium, 283, 654 
Omphale, 292, 356 
Oppressor, 468 
Orchid, 412, 541, 673 
Organist, 477 
Brown Oriana, 400 

Oriole, 477, 696, 699 

Orion, 666, 667 

Orla?ido, 314, 363, 382, 3^4, 

513. 556 
Orme, 156, 290, 308, 316, 

363, 429, 576, 621, 636, 
285, 639, 640, 645, 649 

Ormonde, 156, 290, 316, 

395. 435- 47 6 - 535. 537. 

560, 574, 576, 578, 621, 

633. 636, 645, 649, 668, 
669, 701, 706 

Ornament, 421, 429, 433, 

564 

Oroonoko, 122, 197, 206, 

212 

Ortolo, 649 
Orvieto, 639, 640, 649, 650, 

666 

Orville, 166, 307, 311, 314, 
316, 318, 322, 353, 384, 
442, 446 

Orwell, 564, 638 
Osbech, 425, 684 
Osboch, 673 
Oscar, 332 
Ossian, 674 
Ossory Chestnut Arabian, 

228 
Othello, 108, 124, 146, 206, 

213, 318, 329 

233 O/M 228, 312 

Old Dragon, 108, 128, 129 O/Z.T, 322 
O/rf -&>>, 154 Otterley, 326 

O/rf England, 363, 364, Oulston, 479, 622 

406, 409, 622 O/- Lassie, 546, 619, 699 

Old Fox, 146 
O/</ Hautboy Mare, 122, 

133, 197 
Old Joe, 607 

Old Merlin, 104, 133, 134 
Old Montague Mare, 211 
O/W Morocco Mare, 122, 

133, 176, 186 
O/W Orange Girl, =52 
Old Partner, 120, 143 
Old Peg, 122 

O/W Scar, 128, 129, 146, Palmbearer, 671 
189 />, 452 

Imithson, 122 



701 

.\ewsboy, 682, 684 
Newton's Arabian, 206 
Nightshade, 259 
.iVife, 223 

Noble, 146, 261, 292 
Nord Ouest, 611 
Northumberland 

Arabian, 178 
Nosegay, 257 
.V Nicer, 684 
Nunnykirk, 283 
Nunsuch, 659 
Nutmeg, 105, 137, 191 
Nutwith, 123, 153, 

385, 464, 551, 568 



Oakley, 466 

Oatlands, 368 

Oberon, 633 

Ocean Wave, 296, 654 

O'Connell, 601 

Octavian, 450 

Octavius, 138 

Orfd? Trick, 529 

O' Donovan Rossa, 253, 425 

Odsey, 197 

Oglethorpe Arabian, 124, 

189, 37 

Old Bald Peg, 122, 133 

Old Bustler, 104 
Careless, 176 
Cartouch, 75, 146, 213 
'^hild.Mare, 104 
''lubfoot Mare, 152 
Country Wench, 152 



Our Nell, 155, 464, 476 
OIYV Norton, 619 
Overton, 198, 357 
Oxford Barb Mare, 270 
Oxygen, 155, 292, 320, 457, 

622 
Oystcrfoot Arabian, 168 



Padoroshna, 664 
Palestro, 565 



Old f:pot, 165 

CW 7> />'//, 190 

O/(/ Tuner, 190 

6W Vintner Mare, 436 

('/,/ Wen Mare, 120, 122 

6>/</ H / 7y .\W, 70, 128 

CV</ Woodcock, 436 

Oliva, 261 



Pantagniel, 625 
Pantnhwn, 158, 283, 288, 

296, 405, 464, 475, 5':o 
Panton Arabian, 261 
Papillon, 292 
Paradigm, 477 
Paradox, 350, 397, 551, 

574, 631, 632, 633 
Paragon, 355 



Parasol, 266, 294, 313, 417, 

449 

Parasote, 293 
Pardon, 533, 534 
Paris, 292, 384 
Parker, 108 
Parmesan, 157, 295 
Partisan, 155, 294, 295, 

316, 449, 456 
Partner, 120, 123, 146, 153, 

165, 211, 213, 267, 275, 

282, 325 
Passaic, 531 
Pastille, 155, 292 
Pastime, 395 
Pastisson, 653 
/WcA Buttock, 208 
Pathfinder, 572, 601 
Patron, 618, 706 
Paulina, 293 
Pauline, 294 
Paulowitz, 401 
Pavilion, 394, 397, 443, 

444 

Paymaster, 157, 228, 438 
Paynator, 283, 294 
Peacock, 70, 132 
/Vfl/Y, 128 
Pedlar, 134 
Peeper, 341 
/V^, 124 

Peggy-grieves- me-so, 208 
Pekin, 649 
Pelham Spot, 119 
Pelisse, 155, 260, 313, 354 
Pell A/ell, 510 
I'cndragon, 190 
Penelope, 130, 266, 281 , 

283. 313. 335- 363. 4i7. 

436, 438, 701 
Penguin, 583 
Pepper, 112, 145, 191 
Perdita II . , 5, 415, 437, 

570, 641, 649, 701 
Peri, 317 
Pericles, 420, 448 
Perion, 391, 415 
/V;*0 Gomez, 322, 514, 515, 

568, 572 
Perseus, 627 
Persimmon , 157, 280, 290, 

421, 422, 429, 433, 436, 

437. 448, 475. 539. 5-1 L 
561, 576, 641, 643, 644, 
645, 649, 659, 671, 674 

/W Lamb, 108 

Pet Mare, 122, 152, 156 

/><?//-, 513, 552, 556, 667 

Peter Flower, 639 

/We 1 /- Simple, 596, 598, 

609, 614 

Petrarch, 75, 570, 672 
Petronel, 158, 395, 533 
Petronius, 293 
Peut-ctre, 621 
Phantom, 264, 291, 204, 

304. 385. 45 8 
Pharisee, 669 
Phenomenon, 438, 4^9 
Philammon, 285 



Vol. II. begins with p. 225. Vol. III. begins with p. 465. 



INDEX. 



739 



Vol. II. begins with p. 225. Vol. III. begins with p. 465. 



Phceni.v, 587 

Phosphorus, 332, 398, 459 

Phryne, 288 

Physician, 321 

Pickleherring, 202 

Picnic, 466 

Pide A/arkham, 42 

Pictermaritzburg, 649, 673 

Piety, 420 

Pig, 208 

Pigot Turk, 1 20 

Pilgrimage, 674, 677 

Pincher, 243 

Pioneer, 313, 655 

Pipeator, 361 

Piping Peg, 138 

Pironette, 362 

Pistol, 691, 706 

/Y(7'.f H-'Az'/V 7/-i, 74, 

75, 98, I2O, 122, 189, 
2O2, 210 

Placida, 158 

Plaisanterie, 523, 649, 701 
Plaistmv, 197 
Platina, 259 
Plaudit, 406 
Playfair, 608 
/V&e, 313 
Plenipotentiary, 289, 320, 

'443. 459. 481 
Ploughator, 374 
Plume, 309 
Plumper, 304 
Plunder, 353, 438 
Plutus, 565 
Pocahontas, 281, 289, 304, 

316, 318, 438, 480 
Podargus, 313 
Points, 166 
Palest ar, 502 
/W/y Agnes, 476, 477 
Pomona, 257 
/< /'am, 671 
Pontac, 216, 312 
Pontz, 134 
/'tf/e, 130, 436 
Pope Joan, 313 
/>;* S/nz'r, 662, 690 
Postboy, 107, 126, 128 
Postmaster, 312 
PotZos, 166, 223, 288, 290, 

292, 294, 296, 303. 311, 

320, 322, 332, 392, 437, 

438, 449, 578, 668 
Poulet, 295 

Prairie Bird, 130, 438 
Precipitate, 288, 449 
Preserve, 470 
Pretender, 216, 314, 568 
/>zVx 0f, 468 
/ J rev /W/>', 615, 616, 652, 

700 
Priam, 304, 320, 321, 322, 

395. 449. 46'. 464. 477. 

499, 531, 692 
Pride of Mabestown, 613 
Priestess, 229, 345, 476, 

684 

Prime Minister, 322 
Prime Warden, 473, 474 



Primrose, 118, 604 


Ralph, 363, 622 


Rouge Rose, 289, 477, 554 


Primrose League, 295 


Ranter, 284, 448 


Roundhead, 170, 206 


Prince Charlie, 211, 412, 


Rapid Rhone, 487 


Roivena, 476 


480, 568, 569, 620, 621 


Rappalo, 650 


Rovjton, 304, 320, 397, 404, 


Prince Leopold, 398 


Ratan, 364 


457. 475. 484 


Prince Hampton, 684 


Rataplan, 158, 23i, 316, 


Roxana, 158, 166, 169, 170, 


Prince Paul, 397 


475. 477. 4 8 '. 499. 5 22 . 


282 


Princess, 155, 321 


575. 6'8 


Royal, 200 


Princess Alice, 466 


Ravensbury, 678, 680 


Royal Colt, 122 


Princess of Wales, 649, 701 


Ravenshoe, 566 


Royal Flush, 295 


Prior, 564 


Rayon (fOf, 566 


Royal Hampton, 156, 308, 


Prioress, 529, 564 


Rebecca, 288, 480 


632, 684 


Privateer, 531 


Recluse, 190 


Royal lancer, 684, 693 


Prizefighter, 385, 406, 551 


Recovery, 292, 320, 443 


Royallieu, 565 


Prologue, 406 


AW Cfl/, 623 


Roval Glares, 98, 436 


Promise, 266, 417, 438 


AW Deer, 466, 479, 528 


Royal-Aleath, 614 


Promised Land, 623 


AW AW, 106, 127 


Royal Oak, 321 


Prophet, 326 


Regal, 606, 609, 677 


Royal Rouge, 673 


Proserpine, 137, 576 


Regalia, 468, 559, 563, 


Rubens, 33, 158, 223, 288, 


Prunella, 130, 266, 313, 


591, 64^, 670 


292, 316, 362, 420, 448 


363, 417. 438 


Regulus, 200, 202, 257, .275, 


Ritbini, 391 


Pulleine's Arabian, 123, 


308, 310, 326, 336 


Ruby, 206 


37 


Reine, 284 


Ruby Mare, 216 


Pumpkin, 305, 324, 329 


Remus, 270 


Rueil, 567 


Pussy, 49, 622 


Reputation, 534 


Rugantino, 318 


Puzzle, 202 


Restitution, 671 


Ruler, 134 


Pyrrha, 318 


Retriever, 499 


Runcevall, 39 


Pyrrhus, 242, 243 


Reuben liutler, 584 


Running Rein, 363, 459, 


Pvn'futs the First, 388, 402, 


Reugny, 605, 677 


5'3. 624 


420, 692 


A'Ji'e JO/-, 284 


A"w>z fcow or Hunt for ever. 




Reveller, 284, 448, 531 


208 




Revenge, 218 


Rupert, 63 




Revenue, 673 


Russborough, 385, 467, 505, 




Reverend, 566 


506 


Quainton, 118 


Rhadamanthus, 155, 223, 


Russet t, 212 


Quaker, 132 


436, 668 


Rustic, 553, 575, 623, 648 


Queen Adelaide, 667 


Rhysworth, 605 


AW #/<, 285 


Queen Bertha, 155, 438, 


A'zA 206, 211 


Rydal Head, 477 



476, 518, 552 Riddlesworth, 459, 513, 704 Ryegate, 165 

Queen Bess, 529 Rider Chestnut Barb, 168 Ryegate Mare, 118, 131 

Queen Mab, 321 Ringtail, 108 Ryshworth, 620 

ef Afizry, 318/477, 479, Ringtail Galtoway, 138 

480 Rising Glass, 428, 540, 

()zwz (J/Mt- Gipsies, 321 680, 693 

Queen of Trumps, 320, 452, Robert McGregor, 143 
459, 483, 622, 695, 704 Robert the Devil, 75, 130, 
'55. 282 > 3'7. 433. 533 
543. 694 
Robin, 108 
Rocket, 326 



Queen s Birthday, 669 
Queens Holiday, 682, 684 
Queen's Messenger, 518 
Quibble, 189 
Quiet, 202 
Quintessence, 541, 619, 695, 

699 

Quiver, 649 
(?' Kz'w, 483 
(5z'2, 438 
(Po Vadis, 550, 551 



Sabinus, 351, 531, 533, 630 
Sacripant, 671 
5nz'/or, 155, 397 
Sailor Prince, 537, 543 
Rockingham, 155, 271,391, Sainfoin, 427, 638, 674, 

44. 55 6 704 

Rockingham Colt, 373 67. Alexis, 628 

Aw/4 Sand, 428, 507, 540, 67. Aldegonde, 685 

567, 651, 662, 682, 696, 6V. Amant, 652, 67 



697, 698, 702 
Rockwell, 121 
Roderick Random, 341 

/?<*, 95 

Rogerthorpe, 468 
Roman, 286 
Romping Girl, 670 
Rondeau, 699 
Roquebrune, 649 
Roquefort, 607, 672 



Rabelais, 428, 627, 696 

A"a Mare, 125 

Rachel, 288, 352, 420 

Raconteur, 649 

Radical, 582 

Raeburn, 574, 649, 650, Rosette, 284, 400, 448 

656, 678, 680 Rosicrucian, 416, 514, 553, 

A'rt^i, 644 558, 569, 628 

Rainbow, 98, 420 Rosinante, 176 

108, 124, 202 Rouge Dragon, 566, 640 



695, 

700 

67. Angela, 574 
67. Benet, 503 
6V. Bennett, 476 
5/. .StoV, 158, 314, 566, 

629, 630, 669, 678 
6V. Brendan, 693 
67. Brigida, 5 
6V. Damien, 640 
67. Florian, 433, 649 
St.l-'rusquin, 158, 421,433, 

576, 616, 644, 649, 664, 

671, 696 
6V. Gatieu, 282, 420, 435, 

518, 632, 647, 677, 697 



5/. George, 654 

67. G!/, 322, 452, 623, 

692 

6z" Grz'i, 671 
67. fV?r, 597 
6/. Maclou, 423, 428, 540, 

543, 649, 673. 679, 680, 

691 

67. Martin, 503 
67. Medard, 674 
67. Mirin, 537 
67. Nitouche, 5 
67. Patrick, 450 
67. Ronan, 569 
6V. 6V/y^ 307, 646, 647, 649, 

666 
6V. Simon, 5, 150, 156, 158, 

282, 290, 308, 320, 421, 

429, 432, 433, 437, 448, 

463. 475. 55. 56o. 568, 

569. 57. 574. 575. 6z6 . 

646, 648, 649, 650, 654, 

661 
6/. KzV/or &*, 166, 168. 

37 
67. Windeline, 649, 691, 

692 

Saintly, 469 
Salamander, 602, 608 
Salopian, 216, 312 
Saltram, 311, 332 
Salvator, 621 
6az, 155, 397 
Sampson, 124, 146, 213, 

270, 286, 312, 324, 331 
Sancho, 322, 392, 394, 443 
Sandbeck, 292 
Sandjlake, 429 
i'f /<//, 661 
Santoi, 665 
Santry, 700 
Saraband, 317, 635, 682, 

684 

Sarpedon, 304, 312 
Satellite, 332 
Satiety, 420 
Satirist, 288, 402, 404, 405, 

464 
Saucebox, 120, 161, 283, 

404, 552, 618 
Saucepan, 597 
Saunterer, 468, 480, 617 
Savemake, 510, 648 
Savoyard, 607 
6c'a/-, 189 
Scaramouche, 266 
Scarbro Colt, 203 
Scarrington, 605 
Sceptre, 423, 428, 429, 432, 

433- 435- 43 6 . 475. 57. 

539. 54. 54L 554. 564. 

645, 649, 652, 657, 659, 

662, 668, 679, 690, 692, 

693, 694, 696, 698, 700, 

702, 706 

Schiedam, 605, 606 
6V0Z 1 Free, 647 
6Voz* Ofx, 605 
Scotia, 264, 384 
Scottish Chief, 572 



Vol. II. begins with p. 225. Vol. III. begins with p. 465. 



740 



INDEX. 



Vol. II. begins with p. 225. Vol. III. begins with p. 465. 



Scottish Queen, 480 


5*r /Wer Teazle, 292, 345 


Spavins, 98 


Sweepstakes, 216, 242, 309, 


TV Cure, 321, 477 


Scrap, 266 


.SYr Solomon, 400 


Spectator, 209, 270, 345 


33L 674 


7V Darley Arabian, 279 


Scrub, 327 


.SYr Tatton Svkes, 156, 402, 


Spectre, 265 


Sweetbriar, 331 


TV Deemster, 654 


Scud, 155, 397, 436 


483 


Speculum, 156 


Sweetest when naked, 208 


TV Doctor, 589, 604 


Scythian, 474, 552 


.SYr Thomas, 438 


Speedwell, 197 


Swcetlips, 64, 106, 208 


TV Duchess, 355 


Seabreeze, 284, 543, 663, 


A"> Kwto, 158, 284, 296, 


Sphynx, 216 


Sweetmeat, 294, 467 


TV Z>*V, 560, 575, 594, 


677, 695 


47. 543, 57, 575. 649, 


Spider, 134, 168 


Si<tf Sounds, 680 


648 


Seaman, 607, 608, 615, 677 


654, 663 


Spiletta, 152, 256, 307, 


Sweet William, 223, 303, 


TV Dutchman, 480 


Second, 146, 178, 197, 213 


.SYr Walter, 450 


308 


33L 438 


TV ar/, 558, 559, 560, 


Second Mourning, 106 


.SYr William, 590, 594 


Spinaway, 155, 518, 574 


Swiss, 198, 310 


623 


Sedbury, 157, 207, 210, 211 


Sirenia, 543 


Spitfire, 270 


Symmetry, 263 


TV Emperor, 316, 420 


Sedbury Royal Mare, 122 


Sirius, 502 


Sportley, 213, 324 




7V Flying Dutchman, 


See Saw, 296, 560, 623 


Sister, 152 


Sportsman, 268, 327, 590 




292, 392, 417, 420, 461, 


Sefton, 427, 512 


Skim, 210, 267 


Sportsmistress, 311 




464, 477, 480, 481, 483, 


Selaby Turk, 119, 122, 165 


Skipjack, 202 


.S/W, 106, 119, 120, 127, 




503, 504, 508, 509, 618 


Selim, 223, 288, 289, 395, 


Skirmisher, 321, 468 


210, 476 




TV Godolphin Arabian, 


448 


Skylark, 361 


Spree, 420 




279 


Semiseria, 321 


Skyscraper, 264, 292, 333, 


Sprightly, 242 


Tadcaster, 364, 554 


7fo Golden Heron, 570 


Semolina, 156, 554, 568, 


359, 382 


Springfield, 308, 316, 317, 


Taffolet, 120 


TV Gorgon, 5, 646 


574, 649, 650 


Slander, 466 


423, 433, 674, 704 


Taffolet Barb, 191, 266 


TV Hadji, 552 


Serina, 155 


Slane, 291, 321 


Spring Jack, 674 


TV*?. 2 59 


TV Knight of Givvnne, 


Serjeant, 311 


Sleight of Hand, 288 


Squirrel, 146, 166, 186, 


TVzgf , 382 


598 


Sermon, 661 


Slouch, 309, 310 


188, 270, 324, 329, 359 


Tancred, 191, 384 


TV Ijimb, 601, 60?, 604, 


Seymour, 155 


Sloven, 133 


Squirt, 151, 152, 197, 213, 


Tandem, 119, 271, 333 


614 


Shaddock, 641 


!"//, 134 


216, 308 


Tangier, no 


TV Lambkin, 155, 436, 


Shaftesbury Turk, no 


Slugey, 108, 124 


Stadtholder, 206 


Tankot, 106, 127 


647, 674 


Shafto, 468 


SVaj 1 , 136 


Stamford, 293-, 320 


Tantdlus, 673 


TV Liberator, 606 


Shakespeare, 197, 308 


Smart, 210 


Stan more, 589 


Tantivy, 124, 165, 186, 


TV Marquis, 404 


Shambleshanks, 168 


Smiling Molly, 200 


Stanyan Arabian, 124 


352 


TV Marshal, 448 


Shannon Lass, 608, 609 


Smiling Tom, 352, 353 


Stapley, 95 


Tantrum, 327 


7A(' \abob, 420 


Shapeless, 324 


Smolensko, 233, 283, 384, 


Star, 145, 189, 257, 261 


Tapster, 108 


TV ,V, 590, 595 


Shark, 216, 264, 283, 303, 


451, 486 


Starch, 294 


Taraban, 474 


TV 0w/, 684 


312, 331 


Smuggler, 376 


Starling, 133,- 146, 178, 


Tarporley, 649, 669 


TV / J <z-<r, 589 


Sheen, 284, 68 1 


5az7, 118, 1 88, 285 


2IO, 211 


Tarquin, 176 


7Ae Palmer, 514, 553 


Sheet Anchor, 322 


Snake, 118, 152, 202, 206 


Star Shoot, 680 


Tarrare, 161, 321, 452, 


TV Poet, 590 


Shifnal, 606 


Snap, 132, 198, 216, 229, 


Staveley, 443 


461 


7V Rake, 296, 432, 470, 


SA0A i 20 


257, 264, 265, 266, 275, 


Sterling, 211, 308, 631 


Tartar, 197, 211, 281, 285, 


676 


Shotover, 314, 427, 477, 


283, 292, 293, 308, 312, 


Sternchaser, 658 


286, 356 


TV Ranger, 623 


543, 629, 650, 692, 694 


326, 327, 436 


Sti/ Dick, 118, 132, 145 


Tawney, zoo, 341 


TV Reiver, 288, 572 


Shotten Herring, 70 


Snapdragon, 283 


Stockwell, 158, 166, 280, 


Tcague, 107 


7^<? Returned, 597 


Shoveller, 155 


Snip, 123, 198, 202, 216, 


281, 289, 290, 311, 315, 


Teddington, 158, 290, 314, 


7A^ Saddler, 457 


Shuffler, 106, 108 


275 


316, 318, 417, 433, 438, 


417, 512, 514, 627 


7// .SYo/, 607 


Shuttle, 443 


Snorting Bess, no, 130 


468, 475, 480, 483, 560, 


Teetotum, 282, 327 


TV Scribe, 680 


Sibola, 284 


Sobersides, 207 


563. 574, 578, 617, 648 


Telemachus, 288 


7V Speaker, 134 


Siffleuse, 684 


Soldier, 153, 332 


Stout, 190 


Teller, 132 


TV Student, 384 


Signorina, 649, 657 


Solitaire, 661 


Stradella, 565 


Temperance, 218 


7A Tartar, 587 


Silverhampton, 693 


Solon, 138, 270, 285, 296, 


Stradling, 123 


Tempest, 64 


7V Victory, 618 


Silverleg, 146, 213 


55' 


Strathnarer, 468 . 


Temple, 641 


7,fo I^/, 474 


Silverlocks, 166, 170, 229 


Somerset Arabian, 120 


Streatham, 452 


Terror, 118, 120, 133, 166, 


TV Wizard, 532 


Silvia, 618 


Sonatura, 661 


Streatham Lass, 376 


202 


T/iebais, 282, 667 


Silvio, 155, 356, 421, 480, 


Songstress, 388, 483 


Strike-a-light, 646 


Tertius, 123, 153 


Theodore, 155, 355, 450 


481, 5 l8 , 534. 554. 5 66 . 


Soothsayer, 263, 289, 291, 


Stripling, 197, 198, 202, 


TVzw, 351, 643, 647 


Theophania, 263 


57, 574, 74 


420 


218, 265 


TV Abbot, 629 


Thormanby, 158, 284, 295, 


Simon Dale, 5, 641 


Sophonisba, 188, 202 


Strongbow, 425, 646 


7V 5a, 627 


296, 479, 494, 515, 517, 


Simon s Bay, 684 


Sorcerer, 283, 448, 449 


Stumps, 259, 467 


TV /ten/, 75, 421, 537, 


S3 2 , 5 6 5. 5 6 7. 5 68 , 57, 


Simontault, 649 


Sorcery, 397 


Suburban, 569 


626, 633, 635 


572, 701 


Simony, 682, 684 


Sorrell Fenwick, 69 


Sulphur, 257 


TV Baron, 316, 318, 404, 


Thoulouse llarb, 165 


Sinopi, 662 


Sorrel Tempest, 36 


Sultan, 213, 289, 291, 307 


420, 578, 615 


77;r<r /.,;<,'.!, 353 


Sir Bevys, 533, 671 


Southdown, 294 


Sunbeam, 155, 515, 552 


TV Bishop, 684 


Throstle, 543, 630, 640, 


.SY> Geoffrey, 666 


Spadille, 292, 355, 359 


Sundridge, 412, 619, 682, 


7V British Yeoman, 587 


680 


.SYr Harry, 292, 357, 452 


Spaniard, 362 


696 


7A Byerly Turk, 279 


Thumper, 105 


Sir Hercules, 158, 313, 316, 


Spaniel, 155, 313, 398, 457, 


S jVwf, 68 1 


TV Chandler, 591, 593, 


Thunderbolt, 448 


3J7. 457, 464. S 02 , 578, 


459, 74 


Sunshine, 289 


597 


Thurgarton, 600 


615 


Spanke, 121 


Surbiton, 653 


TV CWow/, 318, 385, 395, 


Thurio, 68 1 


.Szr Hugo, 566, 639, 692 


Spanker, 75, 118, 120, 122, 


Surefoot, 638 


404, 449, 456, 484, 551, 


Thwaites' Dun Mare, 436, 


Sir John, 614 


124, 146, 176, 186, 188, 


Surley, 190 


590, 600, 603, 604, 614, 


437, 438 


Sir Joshua, 292, 399 


282 


Surplice, 158, 314, 363, 


615 


Tibthorpe, 68 1 


.SYr Paul, 294, 295 


Spanker Mare, 122 


388, 417, 463, 483, 497 


TV Cossack, 155, 156 


Tickle-mc-quickly, 207 


Sir Peter, 157, 284, 320, 417 


Spanking Roger, 146, 282 


Surrey, 165 


TV Car, 556 


Ticklepitcher, 165, 202 


.SVr /Vfer I^aurie, 589 


Spark, 122, 190 


Swallmv, 198 


TV Curate, 597 


Tiftcr, 203 



Vol. II. begins with p. 225. Vol. III. begins with p. 465. 



INDEX. 



74' 



Vol. II. begins with p. 225. Vol. III. begins with p. 465. 



Tigg, 285 

Timothy, 667, 677, 63o 

Tinker, 108 

Tiresias, 155, 288, 289, 

3'3. 372. 452, 458. 459 
Tobv t 64 
Tomato, 670 
Tom Bowline, 487 
Tomboy, 283, 568 
Tom Cringle, 655 
To in my i 263 

Tommy Tittlemouse, 537 
ZVw? Paine, 364 
7"(^w Thumb, 212 
7 'ow Tinker, 286 
y<>; TV/^", 316, 318, 596 
Tontine, 364, 395 
T",;/, 206 

Tormentor, 559, 670 
Torrismond, 146, 210 
Tortoise, 310, 326, 327 
Touchstone, 1 30, 1 66, 283 , 

288, 303, 311, 313, 314, 

316, 322, 405, 409, 412, 

459. 4 6 4. 474. 477. 479. 

481. 552, 570, 575- 613, 

654. 668 
Toulouse Barb, 118, 124, 

131, 176, 190, 202 
Toxophilite, 483, 628 
Trafalgar, 384 
Tragical, 466 
Tramp, 157, 166, 288, 289, 

311, 321, 322, 400, 420, 

45i 

Tranby, 390, 518 
Transit, 216, 223 
Trappist, 156, 552, 704 
Traveller, 108, 326, 327, 

333- 359 
Treasure, 326 
Tregonwell's Natural Barb 

Mare, 154, 155, 437 
Trentham, 242, 243, 264, 

329. 33L 438 
Trenton, 314, 618, 658, 

706 

Trial, 309 
Trickstress, 501 
Trident, 671 
T) ifle, 259 
Trimmer, 197 
Tristan, 566, 667 
Troon, 543, 650 
TVw /?/(, 134, 154, 213 
True Blues, 124, 155, 156, 

'57. !58, 166, 438 
Tnnnpator, 130, 259, 283, 

313 

Trumpeter, 132, 259, 560 
Trunchefice, 39 
Trustee, 397 
Tuberose, 288 
Turcoman, 289 
Tiircophone, 655 



Turf, 286 

Turk, 1 18, 130, 145, 166, 

204 

Tun/noise, 155, 289 
T-wig, 208 
Tybalt, 364 
Typhous, 569* 
Tyrant, 266, 326, 384 



. 209 

, 294, 409 
Uhlan, 620 
Umpire, 515 
f/KC/e So/, 660 
Usna, 615 
Uzabel, 553 



/'<//>& Duchess, 680 
("//; ///, 587 
I'nlentine, 48, 49, 420 
I 'umpire, 429 
Vanderdeckcn, 620 
Vandcvelde, 569 
F<!, 659 

Vanguard, 596, 600 
Vanity, 483 
JVz Tromp, 322, 392, 417, 

476, 480, 503, 504, 515 
Vatican, 627 
Van tan, 560, 623 
Vedette, 290, 316, 321, 417, 

437. 483. S9. S 6 9 
Veillantif, 19 
Velasquez, 576, 645, 649, 

655, 663 

Ke/, 428, 673, 680 
Velocipede, 157, 320, 398 
Vengeance, 502 
Venison, 291, 294, 295, 

461, 480, 498, 575, 623 
Venire St. Gris, 295 
Vermont, 158 
Verncuil, 566 
Vernon Barb, 168 
f 'eronese, 655, 673 
Vespa, 387 
Vespasian, 522, 677 
Vestris, 333 
K- Chancellor, 587 
Vicissitude, 385 
Victor, 290 
Victor Wild, 314, 645, 660, 

672 

Victoria Alexandra, 650 
Victorious, 197, 210, 267 
I'idame, 682 
Vinagrillo, 380 
Vinicius, 475, 546, 550, 

55'. 567 



Vintner Mare, 122, 153 
Violante, 292, 390, 395 
Violet, 289 
Virago, 261, 289, 293, 320, 

417, 564, 622, 700 
Viridis, 623 
Visconti, 671 
Viscount, 321 
Vision, 564 
/ Vjfo, 649 
Vitellin.a, 420 
Vivian, 586, 589 
Vixen, 104 
Volatile, 259 
Vol an Vent, 466 
I'olodyovski, 422, 531, 564, 

644, 660, 665, 673 
Voltaire, 211, 294, 308, 

315, 320, 321, 397, 437, 

448, 457, 55 

Voltigeur, 158, 290, 292, 
315, 316, 321, 385, 409, 

4'7. 433. 437. 4^4. 4 6 7. 

468, 483, 489, 504, 505, 

506, 507, 508, 509, 522 
Volunteer, 146, 212, 321, 

332, 382, 444 
Volunteer Colt, 376 
Voluptuary, 531, 607, 672 
Vonolel, 702 



Wakeful, 657 

Wallace, 134, 515, 517, 

532 

Walnut, 359 

Walton, 293, 304, 320,420, 

449. 45 

Wanderer, 552, 608 
H-"rt#/0, 129, 134 
Warde' s Arabian, 264 
War Eagle, 322 
I K<z?VYzj', 673, 706 
Warlock, 123, 404, 468, 

483. 6i7 

U "arlock Galloway, 206 
I^a/-/, 112, 190 
Washington, 628 
Wastell Turk, 168 
Water Nymph, 564 

I Vatershed, 673 

Waxy, 166, 258, 288, 291, 
292, 294, 311, 312, 314, 
317, 366, 372, 384, 417, 

430. 443. 578 
Waxy Pope, 155, 266, 313 
Il'au'/, 170 
Weatherbit, 166, 211, 308, 

311, 322, 465 

I 1 'eatherbound, 623 
Weathercock, 603 
Weathergage, 161, 420, 

464, 552, 618 



Weaver, 210 

M >^, 281, 291, 313 

H 'elf are, 510 

Wenlock, 468 

ltV.tf Australian, 62, 122, 
156, 157, 285, 2:,6, 316, 
404, 417, 420, 437, 474, 
475. 477. 480, 481, 483, 
55'. 567. 572 

Westminster, 404 

Whalebone, 130, 155, 166, 
223, 266, 281, 294, 311, 
313, 316, 317, 318, 363, 
418, 436, 457, 578, 614 

Wfeel i/ Fortune, 155, 
518, 552, 554, 556, 560, 

574. 657. 7 
Whipper-in, 212, 629 
Whisk, 409 
irA&r, 130. 155, 166, 

223, 281, 294, 311, 313, 

3'8, 363. 384. 446. 450, 

457 
fFAw&y, 166, 233, 288, 

294, 311, 313, 320, 436 
Whistle Jacket, 166, 191, 

229, 270 
White Barb, 145 
H-'AzVc Buttocks, 108 
H-'Az'te />am?, 36 
White D'Arcy Turk, 118 
Whitefoot, 49, 98, 99, 124 
Whitefriar, 636 
White Legged Ijrwthcr 

Barb, 123, 265 
Whitelock, 284, 320 
Whitetieck, 132, 165 
Whitenose, 134, 170, 190 
IFAzVe Tempest, 36 
JW/l? 7W/&, 134 
Whittington, 204 
Whizgig, 292 
Why-do-you-slight-me, 208 
H^Ay .Vctf, 95, 107, 127, 

608, 609 

Wildair, 263, 438 
Wild Dayrell, 122, 294, 

295. 296, 3'6, 417. 475. 
483. 57 

\Vildfowler, 157, 616, 662 
H'V/rf Huntress, 660 
M-V/rf ftzfr, 570, 572 
William, 486 
William Kufus, 698 
William the Third, 428, 

543, 641, 649, 656, 665, 

671, 673, 680, 695 
Willoiighby, 601 
Windgall, 639 
Windham, 75, 118, 119, 

I2O, 122 

Windhound, 157, 288, 479, 

572 

W'^p, 395 
1 1 'inifreda, 4, 5 



Winkfield, 296, 468, 654 
I Vinkfield 's Pride, 550 
Wisdom, 122, 157, 433 
(Fz'je A/nn, 569 
Witching Hour, 613 
', 198 

Gelding, 202 
Woful, 155, 281, 289, 313, 
420 



Wolfs Crag, 654 
IP'o/jg', 514 
lF0<fer, 357 
Woodbrook, 607 
IKftttfo*^, 77, 108, 134, 

137, 140, 325 
Woodpecker, 155, 262, 286, 

288, 295, 436, 438 
\Voodstock Arabian, 134, 

166 

Wormwood, 75 
lI'orMv, 313 
Worthy Gelding, 364 
Wyndham, 129, 165 



Xaintrailles, 566, 632 
AY, 628 
A"a>T, 314 



Yedmine, 164 
Yellow Jack, 165 
Yorkshire Mare, 118, 132 
Young Bald Peg, 133 
Young Cade, 311, 326 
Young Cartouche, 146, 213 
Young Dragon, 128 
Young Eclipse, 311, 331, 

384 

Young Flora, 292, 355 
Young Giantess, 233 
Young Lamp rie, 202 
Voting Mark Antony, 36 
Young Marsk, 218 
Young Melbourne, 285 
Young Traveller, 336 
Young Wizard, 385 



'/.ephyr, 670 

'/.erbino, 312 

7,hatour, 108 

Zzc, 155, 384 

'/.infandel, 477, 659, 696. 

697 

'/.inganee, 395, 449, 551 
'/.oedone, 607 
/.ouave, 604 



Vol. II. begins with p. 225. Vol. III. begins with p. 465. 



THE END. 



VOL. III. 



I' I' 




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