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W. CoPELAND Trimble, 

Author of the Historical Records of the 27th Inniskilliug 
Regiment and Lyrics of I/)ugh Erne ; Justice 
of the Peace, and Fellow of the 
Institute of Journalists. 


With Numerous Ii.i.ustrations 

Printed and Published by William Trimble, 


Pnoted at the I&ifartial Reportbb. Printing Works. 

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Zo Xowrs Bflerton, 






















Plan of Plantation. — Flight of the Earls. — Maguire's Re- 
bellion. — Survey of Ulster I^ands. — ^Three Corporate 
Towns. ... ... ... 1 

CHAPTER II.— Choicb op a Sitb. 
State of the Country. — Ivough Erne and the Marshes. — 
Selection of a County Town. — First selection of 
lyisgoole. — ^Finally of Enniskillen Island. ... 6 

Abbey of Lisgoole. — Its Burning and Repair. — Upkeep of 
the Abbey. — The Building again in 1583. — Succession 
of Owners. — Particulars of the Abbey. — Lord Maguire's 
Will. — Chalice at Manorhamilton. — ^The Armstrongs 
of Ivisgoole. — Succession to Mr. Jones and Mr. 
Johnston. ..» ... ... II 

CHAPTER IV.— Dbvenish and thb First Assizes, 
Devenish Ruin. — Site of First Assizes. — St. Molaisse's 
House.— The Round Tower.— The Board of Works. 
—The Right of Way. 

CHAPTER v.— Thb Maguires. 

The Magnire Family. — ^Their Territory. — Its Boundaries. — 
The Maguire Tribute.— Revolt of the Under Chiefs. 
— The Sick King's Plan. — ^What His Army Accom- 
plished. — The O'Flanagan Punished.— Feasting at 
Port Dobhrain. — The O'Donnells Overlords. — Family 
Chiefs. — Treacherous Attacks. — Fights of the Clans. 
— ^ir Hugh Maguire and the English Army.— 
Red Hugh— Ballyshannon Castle. ... ... 30 


CHAPTER VI.— The Maguirb Chiefry. 

O'Neill's Raid. — Service of The Maguire. — Election of the 
Chief. — Sometimes at Lisnaskea. — Blind Teague 
O'Higgins. — Description of the Castle. — Sir George 
Bingham. ... ... ... 50 

CHAPTER VII.— Siege op Inish-Kei^wn Castile. 
Picture of the Siege. — Letters of Dowdall. — Attack on the 
Castle. — How it was Captured. — Maguire and the 
Battle of the Biscuits. ... ... 59 

CHAPTER VIII.— The Last Prince op Fermanagh. 
English Attack Maguire. — Surrender of the Castle. — ^The 
Case of Sir Hugh Maguire. — His Various Pardons. 
Again asks Queen Elizabeth for Forgiveness. — He 
Dies near Cork. — English Retake Castle. — Niall 
Garv O'Donnell Demolishes Enniskillen. — O'Neill 
also Ravages the Lands. 

CHAPTER IX.— The Maguire Estates. 
The Three Collas. — Private Estate of the Maguires. — 
Rearing of their Children. — Rents of the Maguires. 
— Septs of the County.— Jurors at Devenish. — 
Maguire Property and Customs. — Division of the 
County. — Lord Maguire of Enniskillen. — ^The Later 
Maguires. ... ... ... 81 

CHAPTER X.— 1641 and Lord Maguire. 
The Massacre of 1641. — Four Parties in Ireland. — Sir Wm. 
Cole receives a Warning. — ^The Party at Crevinish. 
— Owen M'Mahon Betrays the Secret.— Arrest of 
Lord Maguire.— Failure to Seize the Castle. — ^The 
Sentence on Maguire. — His Execution. ... 97 

CHAPTER XI.— The Massacre of 1641. 
Local Details of Massacre.— Depositions of Witnesses. — 
Captain Rory Maguire.— At Castle Hassett.— Castle 
of Monea. — Lisgoole and Tully Castle. — More 
Depositions.— Dromore, Co. Tyrone.— Augher.— Castle 
Coole.— Lowtherstown.— Sir Phelim O'Neill.— Callow 
Hill.— Kinawley. ... ... ... I0» 



Castle Archdale.— The Estate.— The Johnson Family. — 
Manor of Drumragh. — Archdale's Town. — Burning 
of Castle Archdale. — The Family Succession. — 
Crevinish Castle.— The Blenerhassetts.— Castle Hassett. 
— ^The Famous Dinner. — Nekarne Castle. — Mr. Thos. 
Barton.— Sir Gerard Lowther. — Manor of -Rossgweer. 
Dr. Christopher Irvine, M.D. — Irvine of Killadeas. 
— Other Members of the Family. — Tully Castle.^ 
The Hume Family.— The Scotch Presbyterian 
Settlers.— The Hume Estate.— Largest in Fermanagh. 
— Succession of Owners. — Castle Destroyed by Fire. 
— Castle Hume built. — Castlecaldwell. — Family Con- 
nections. — Visit of Mr. Arthur Young. — Beauty of 
the Surroundings. — The Castle of Belleek.— Monea 
Castle.— The Manor.— The Hamilton Family.— Castle 
Balfour. — Lord Balfour of Burleigh.— Sells to Sir 
James Balfour. — ^The Grant. — Village of Lisnaskea. — 
Quarrel with Bishop Spottiswoode. — General Ludlow's 
Visit.— The Castle Burned.— Crom Castle.— Michael 
Balfour. — The Estate. — Aghalane Castle. — Succession 
of Owners. — Rebellion of 1641. — Castle Waterhouse. — 
Manor of Derryanye. — Castle Burnt. — Its Description. 
— Beautiful Surroundings. — Portora Castle. — Captain 
Wm. Cole Obtains It. — Particulars of Estate. — First 
Settlers. — Oath of Supremacy. — Bishop Spottiswoode. 
— Quarrel with Sir John Wishart. — Trouble with the 
High Sheriff and Lord Balfour. — Finding of Grand 
Jury.— More Trouble. ... ... 121 

CHAPTER XIII.— Thb Shire Town. 

Birth of the Town. — Lisgoole. — Grant to William Cole. — 
Castle of Cornagrade. — Court Leet and Court Baron. 
— Grant for the Town. — Name of the Town. — Church, 
Prison and School. — ^The Twenty Burgesses. — The 
Burgess Acres. — Townland of Drumclay. — The 
Commons in Toneystick. — Captain Cole. — Clerk of the 
Market. ... ... .., 161 

CHAPTER XIV.— The Borough Charter. 

Creation of the Borough. — The Corporation. — Power to 

Demise. — Two Members of Parliament. — The Writs 

of Election.— First Sovereign and Corporation. — 

Oath of Supremacy. — Election of Sovereign. — Sue- 


cesser in Case of Death. — Filling of Vacancies. — 
The Provost's Court— Guild of Merchants. — Favour- 
able Interpretation.— Townland of Kilnaloo.— Plan 
the Town. ... ... ... 171 

CHAPTER XV.— Thk Corporation. 
The Free Burgesses. — Certificate of Freeman. — The Pro- 
vost's Court. — Neither Catholic nor Dissenter on 
Corporation. — Its OflScers. — Market Place. — Market 
Charges. — Loss of Corporation Records. — ^Their Three 
Volumes. — List of Provosts. ... ... 181 

CHAPTER XVI.— The Town Devei^ops. 
Camomile Hill.— Grant; to Sir Wm. Cole.— Repairs to 

the Castle.— His Timber Houses. ... ... 190 

CHAPTER XVII.— The Houses and Bridges. 
Fire in 1618. — Description of the Houses. — And of the 

Country.— The Two Bridges.— And Their Successors. 194 

CHAPTER XVIII.— The Townsfoi^k. 
List of the Townsmen.— And Their Arms. ... 197 

CHAPTER XIX.— Muster Roi^i, of County Fermanagh. 
The Border Clans.— On the Estates of Lord Balfour- 
Sir Wm. Cole— Mr. Archdale— Mrs. Hamilton- 
Sir John Hume— George Hume— Sir Gerard Lowther 
— Mr. Honings — And Mr. Flowerdew. ... 20O 

Charles I. Comes to the Throne.— Lord Wentworth the Lord 
Deputy Impeached and Executed. — Persecution of 
Catholics.— The Tories.— Lord Macguire's Trial.— 
Judge Bacon's Decision,— The Witnesses. — Free 
Confession.— John Carmicke's Testimony.— Report of 
State Trials.— Rory Macguire's Warning to Catholics. 
— Not to go near Enniskillen and West of River 
Arney.— Barony of Glenawley set to Irish Natives. 
— Four Armies in Ireland, ... ••• 226 

CHAPTER XXI.— Confederation and Bishop M'Mahon 
Confederation of Kilkenny.— Plight of Protestants and 



English Soldiers. — Confiscations by English Parlia- | 

ment. — Armed Revolt. — Owen Roe O'Neill and | 

Bishop M'Mahon.— Help Sent by the Pope.— The ^ 

Nuncio. — Sketch of the Time by Monsigneur i 

Massaji. — ^Arms Sent by the Pope. — Death of Owen I 

Roe.— His Dying Declaration. — In Castle of J 

Cloughouter. ... ... ... 23& i 

CHAPTER XXII.— Manorhamii^tow and Sir Wm. C01.B I 

Grant in County Leitrim to Sir Frederick Hamilton. — The \ 
Castle. — He hastens from Derry on Outbreak of 

Insurrection of 1641. — Colonel M'Donogh Attacks i 

Manor Hamilton. — Sir William Cole Marches to its | 

Relief.— Defeat of Colonel Taaffe.— Owen Roe I 

O'Neill and his Irish Creaghts. — He is Defeated J 

near Clones. — Recruits His Army in Connaught. — t 
Attacks the Castle. — Escape of Sir Frederick. — The 

Hamiltons and the Gores. ... ... 251 ] 

CHAPTER XXIII.— Letters of 1641 and a Diary. j 
Diary at Castle Hamilton. — Letters of Prisoners at Droma- 

haire Castle. — Reply of Sir Frederick. — He is called 4 

upon to Surrender. — Insurrection of 1641. — Catholies 1 

Help Each Other.— Letter of the O'Connour Sligo, j 
— Letter of Owen O'Rourke. — Burning of Iron 
Works at Garrison. — Sir Frederick Hamilton comes 

from Londonderry, relieves Ballyshannon Castle and j 

reached Castle Hamilton. — A Gallows Erected. — I 

List of People Hanged. — Diary of a Soldier. — ^The j 

Raids, Plunder and Killings. ... ... 25a 1 

Appendix. I 

Beauty of Fermanagh. — Claim of an Irish Chief. — The | 

Corporatiion^ Court. — Ederney. — Enniskillen Castle. — I 

Hospitality at Enniskillen Castle. — Brian Maguire. — I 
Family Tree of Maguires. — Sir Hugh Maguire. — 

Scotch Proclamation of Plantation. — Hugh Mont- j 

gomery of Derrybrusk. — Shire Ground. — The Fer- • 

managh People. — Oath of Allegiance. — The Wickerwork l 
Houses. ... ... ... 269 

Index ... ... ... 282 a 






OF 1610 

Opposite 1 







Port Dobhrain 



An Irish Chieftain 



M'Mahon's Letter and Text 



Sir Phewm O'NeiI/I,, the Traitor ... 






Castile Archdai^e 



Crevenish Castile 



Castle > Irvine 






Bei«i.eek Castile 



Casti,e Cai^dwei*!, 



Castt,es Bai^four and Aghai^ne 



Crom Casti<e 






Captain Wii^i^iam Coi^e 



West Bridge of Bnniskii,i,en about 1730 



Thk Second West Bridge 



Casti,e Hamii^ton 



Exampi^e of Wicker Work House ... 




1567 — Inyskillen . 
1593 — Inis-kellin. 

— Iniskellin. 
1603— Inish-kellin. 

— Inishkillin. 

— Inis-Sceillin. 

— Inis-Sgeillin. 

— Eniskillin. 
1607— Enic Kelling. 
1609— Eniskilline. 

— Bnishkeelyn. 

— Bnishkillin. 
1610— Innishkillen . 

— Enis Kelling. 
1611— Iniskilline. 
1612— Iniskillin. 
1613— Eniskellen. 

— Innishkillen. 

1620— Bniskiln. 
1626— Eniskillen. 
1630— Iniskillen. 
1633 — Inniskillyn. 
1638— Enishkillen. 

— Eniskilln. 
1645 — Iniskilline. 
1646— Encikillin. 
1652— Iniskiln. 

1690— Bnniskilling. 

— Innishkilling. 

— Inniskilling. 
1698— Iniskollin. 

— Enishkyllyn. 

Modern— Bnniskillen . 


10 acres equal to 1 greeve (or gneeve). 

2 greeves ,, 1 sessiagh. 

3 sessiaghs „ 1 tate or ballyboe, grazing of 20 

cows, (sometimes said to be 100 
acres English). 

. 2 ballyboes ,, 1 ploughland or seiscreagh (or carrow) 
as much as could be turned up 
by a plough in the course of a 


4 ploughlands equal to 1 ballybetagh or townland. 
1 ballybetagh ,, 4 quarters of land. 

30 ballybetaghs ,, 1 tuath or barony. 

5 mor tuaths „ 1 province. 


'Phe need of a History of Enniskillen has 
long been apparent. Many inquiries have 
been addressed to me from time to time as 
Editor of the Impartial Reporter concerning the 
procurability of such a work ; and I was so 
impressed by the want of it that I thought 
I would try — since no one else had attempted 
it, — to supply the deficiency. 

As I proceeded with the task of procuring 
the necessary materials, of obtaining searches 
among the archives in Dublin, the British 
Museum, and elsewhere, for particulars relating 
to old Enniskillen, it became obvious to 
me that certain difficulties beset the task — 

(i) that amid the toil and numerous 
engagements and employment of a strenuous 
career I could not possibly give the continuous 
time necessary for a satisfactory production of 
what I had proposed; and that it must suflfer 
in consequence, as it has in certain places; 


(2) that the cost, owing to the greatly 
increased price of materials, would so materially 
surpass the first estimate and owing to the 
limited circulation of a work having interest 
only for a comparatively small area, and 
double cost caused by the war, that it was a 
question if the receipts would even defray the 
expenses involved in procuring the wealth of 
numerous illustrations with which the three 
volumes will be embellished ; and 

(3) that in order to bring the work within 
reasonable dimensions I must condense the 
matter largely. Much against my will, there- 
fore, I have been obliged to abbreviate, curtail, 
and to omit matter otherwise of interest. 

It will be understood that this book does 
not enter much into genealogical details or 
family estates or ecclesiastical history: it is 
intended for the man in the street, not for 
the student; and that to publish it, such as 
it is, with numerous illustrations of each period, 
means a considerable drain on my own pocket. 

I am induced, however, to proceed, lest 
some of the materials which have been gathered 


PR^FAC^. XVll. 

together, and sketches and pictures, should be 
completely lost to posterity; and that (unless 
some one else undertook the task) that the 
Enniskillen of the future would know as little 
of the town as the Enniskillen of to-day. I 
propose to divide the work into three parts — 

1. The Plantation, Before and After. 

2. The Commonwealth and Restoration 
and the Revolution ; and 

3. From the i8th Century Onward. 

While many changes have taken place 
during the centuries in both county and town, I 
try to preserve the thread of family and ol 
local connexion when and where possible, so 
that those who bear ancient names, whether 
of the county nobility and gentry or the 
merchant or the farmer, may be able to point 
to ancestry and to deeds and to relationship, 
as the case may be, of an honourable past. 
Already sensible of the work*s shortcomings, 
there may be omissions which should find a 
place in this record; but I have to do the 
best I can with the materials at my disposal 
and the time available, and I beg generosity 

xviii. PRl^FACR. 

of criticism in the case of anything being 

overlooked which should find a place here : 

it will be due solely to want of knowledge, 
not to intent. 

My great object is to rescue and preserve 
before I pass away, — and with me many 
materials which I only possess, — information 
concerning local history, in addition to what 
had already been gathered by the late Earl 
of Belmore and interesting parochial details 
afforded by the Rev. Wm. Harloe Dundas, A.B., 
to both of whom I am much indebted, especially 
to Lord Belmore's exhaustive researches. 
Although this book does not pretend to be a 
family record, nor is it parochial — yet it does 
deal with families and with parish matters. 

I am also much obliged to the Earl of 
Enniskillen for permission to copy his oil 
paintings of the ly-iSth century at Florencecourt 
of Belleek Castle, Enniskillen from the West, 
&c., and facilities for acquiring desirable in- 

I have been much assisted in the matter 
of illustrations by Mr. T. A. Mercer, Enniskillen, 

PR]9PACE. xix. 

devoting care to faithful copying, especially 
in the matter of oil pictures, not easy to 
reproduce. Most of the photographs have 
been taken by him for this work, or are 
copies of photographs by others. 

It is desirable to explain here the different 
spellings of words and of the capital letters 
employed. I have followed the original forms. 
Thus, there are over 32 different ways of 
spelling the modern word Enniskillen : Lisgoole 
is often described as Lisgold; and names of 
townlands are differently spelt. I have retained 
the original form when dealing with the original 
record. Thus it is that two or three spellings 
of the same word may take place on the same 
page, or such a word as soccage, with one 
or two c*s. 

I am aware that information in foot-notes 
and other places may be and is duplicated. The 
convenience of the reader is the hrst con- 
sideration ; and as a reader of Volume II. or 
Volume III. may not necessarily be a reader 
of Volume I., I have thought it better to make 
things plain, even at the cost of repetition. 

When I commenced this work I quoted 
authorities copiously, but found that it entailed 
much extra cost and great consumption of space. 
Accordingly, I ceased the detailed quotations, 
and my readers must depend upon my 
verification of what is given here. 

The loss of the Records of the old 
Corporation and of the Vestry proceedings 
during the Revolution form a serious obstacle 
to the sequence of the narrative in proper 
detail; and I have endeavoured — all too 
inadequately — to provide from indirect sources 
other material to supplement that which is 

And with these explanations I beg to 
submit the first volume to what I hope will 
be an indulgent public. 

Enniskillen, January, 1919. 



Hill's Plantation of Ulster. 

Uliter Archcdogical Journal. 

AnTiala of Irdand. 

Enniskillen Vestry Books. 

Irish Historical Manuscripts. 

Bagwell's Irtland under the Stuarts, 

Dundas's EnniahilUn Pariah and Toim. 

Kari of Belmore's Volumes. 

Dean Henry's Upper Lough Erne in 1739. 

Annc^8 of the Four Master $. 

Annals of Ulster. 

Days of Ihe Laggan Presbytery. 

Whitelocke's Memorials. 

lyudlowe's Memoirs. 

Clarendon's History of the Rebellion. 

Borlasse's Reduction of Ireland. 

J. T. Gilbert's edition of Contemporary History of Affairs 

in Ireland, 1641-52. 
Clarendon State Papers. 

Prendergast's Oromtoellian Settlement in Ireland. 
Carte's Life of Ormoride. 
Froude's English in Ireland. 

R. Dunlop's Ireland under the Commonwealth, 1651-9. 
Historical Manuscripts Commission Reports. , 

Hamilton's ActioTis of Enniskillen Men. 
M'Carmick's Impartial Account. 
Witherow's Derry and Enniskillen. 
Colonel Wood-Martin's Sligo and the Enntikilleners. 
Storey's Wars in Ireland. 
King's State of Protestants in Irelmnd. 
The Calendar of Carew Papers. 
Reid's History of Presbyterian Church in Ireland. 
Gilbert's History of England. 
Files of the Impartial Reporter. 
Irish State Trials. 

Documents in the Irish Record Office. 
Sir John Dane's Tracts. 
Irish Commission of 1833. 
Aphorivmicall Diseovery. 

The Kilkenny Confederation by Father Meehan. 
Several old Tracts and Pamphlets. 


island town, renown'd in story, 
Emblazon'd In tlie country's glory, 

My homage is to tliee! 
What time, imbibing inspiration 
To satisfy each aspiration 

Thy soul hath guided mel 

The spirit thine and thine the dower 
To Right uphold 'gainst erring power, 

That Justice might obtain; 
The grace to raise the lowly born, 
To aid the helpless and forlorn, 

As Mercy should ordaio. 

Thy childreo learn the call of duty 
While drinking In thy queenly beauty 

Prom early infancy; 
Bequeathe the prize our fathers won 
As heritage to every son 

Baptised in liberty. 

When silently fell Time's caresses 
Bring furrow'd cheek and snowy tresses, 

Hide not thy solace then; 
Relieve the strain of passing years, 
Assuage the wounds and dry the tears, 

And comfort once again. 

As when a child 1 lisp'd thy praises. 
And held the hope amid life's mazes 

That naught should e'er us part. 
So, when the Master call me home, 
And this poor voice be stricken dumb, 

Eafold me to thy heart. 


The Castle of Enis Kelling of 16 JO, as restored after the siege of 
J593 by Captain William Cole, the Governor, for the Crown* This 
picture shows the actual condition of the Castle at the time that the town 
was founded in J6J2. 

{Pace page 1 




The Town of Enniskii,i,en owes its birth, in 
1612, to the Plantation of Ulster. Other towns have 
sprung from a favourable situation such as proximity 
to a ford, the mouth of a river, or a place of 
natural strength ; but the site of Enniskillen was 
selected, and the village grew into a town after a 
definite plan. A county town -^as needed for the 
Maguire territory, which had been converted in 1569 
by Sir Henry Sydney, the Irish Lord Deputy of 
Queen Elizabeth, into a county under the name of 
Fermanagh,* which was described at that time as 
"ying "waste. t" The want of a central town for 
county purposes and authority led to the conception, 
the conception to a choice of site, the selected site 

• This word is written in Irish as Feara Manach also Feaftnanach, and 
Feara Monach, supposed to be derived from Feara men, and nwnach, in 
allusion to Devinish, the celebrated monastery on Ifingh Erne, or monach, of 
marshes— men of the marshes. 

t In Fermanagh there was neither town or civil habitation.— Pns/ac*? cf 
Calendar of State Papers, Ireland, 1611. 

The habitations of the people are so wild and transitory, there is not 
one fixt village iu all this co\xutTy, ^Davys' Tracts. 


to a grant, and the grant to the construction and 
plan of the infant settlement whose progress will be 
develop^! in these pages. 

The Flight of the Earls on the 14th of Septem- 
ber 1607 (old style), by abandoning all pretension to an 
independent Ulster or Ireland unless by the interven- 
tion of foreign aid, afforded King James I., who had 
ascended the throne in 1603, a good opportunity to 
put into execution his plan for the plantation of the 
province of Ulster with English and Scotch settlers.* 
Before the end of the very month in which the Earls 
had fled. King James desired that information be sent 
to him " respecting the lands to be divided ; what 
countries are most meet to be inhabited ; what Irish 
fit to be trusted ; what offers are or will be made 
there ; and what is to be done for the conviction of 
the fugitives, because there is no possession or estate 
to be given before their attainder ?'■' 

King James I. was particular lest his Lord 
Deputy should dispose of this matter himself, and 
His Majesty took care to show that he and he alone 
would deal with the pardoning of *' traitors " and 
restoring of them to their ancestral lands ; for a 
letter of the Council to Sir Arthur Chichester, I^ord 
Deputy, dated July 20, 1608, contained the following: 

And now that all Ulster, or the most part, has fallen 
into His Majesty's power, he intends to order it so as it may 
redound to his honour and profit. And as a fair opportunity 

♦ Six counties of Ulster, embracing the territory of the O'Neills, O'Donnells, 
O'Dogherties, O'Hanlans, O'Cahans, [O'Kanes], Magulres, O'Reillys, and other 
chiefs, were confiscated, and by the scheme known as The Plantation of Ulster, 
was transferred to colonies of English and Scotch settlers, under British under- 
takers, to whom grants of land were given. For details see Hill's Plantation of 
Ulster and Pynnar's Survey. We are told by Stuart that it was in 1586 that the 
IvOrd Deputy, vSir John Perrot, formed a part of Ulster into seven new Counties 
— viz. : Armagh, Monaghan, Tyrone, Coleraine, Donegal, Fermanagh, and 
Cavan. In the following year Hugh O'Nial obtained a grant of the Earldom of 
Tyrone subject to certain conditions, one of which was that some places such 
as Blackwater should be reserved for forts and garrisons. 


is given by the absence of the fugitive earls, the death of the 
traitor O'Dogherty, and the imprisonment of Sir Neal Garvey, 
and some others of the disturbers of the peace [principally 
Sir Cormack O'Neill and Sir Donnell O'Cahan] of those 
northern parts. Now in order to prevent for the future that 
it shall be in the power (as it heretofore has been) of any 
rebellious companion that chooseth to make himself head of 
any sept by presuming on a rabble of his base followers to 
disturb the peace, and put his Majesty to the cost and trouble 
of prosecuting a vagrant company of wood kerne, there must 
not be so great a facility for granting pardons and taking 
submissions. He [Chichester] is to abstain from making 
promises of any of the escheated lands, and to assure himself 
that not an acre will be disposed of till the survey and 
certificate of the lands be returned over to them [the Council 
in London] at the coming of the Chief Justice and the 
Attorney [General]. 

The Englisli " servitors '* or military men engaged 
in watching the Irish natives and who had been 
engaged in the seven years' war against O'Neill, 
Earl of Tyrone, had looked forward to being rewarded 
by the division of the lands of those who had fled 
from the country and those whose estates had been 
confiscated. Sir Hugh Maguire, head of the 
" Magwire " sept, had in 1595 or a year later joined 
his father-in-law, O'Neill, in rebellion against Elizabeth, 
and he had fallen in combat with Sir Warham 
St. Leger near Cork. His estate was forfeited, and then 
arose a dispute in the sept Maguire The chieftaincy 
was claimed by Sir Hugh's j^ounger brother, 
Cuconaght, as his legal representative ; but Sir Hugh's 
cousin, Connor Roe, also claimed it as from a senior 
branch. The latter, acknowledging the Englisli 
sovereignty, became known as Mag Uidhir Gallda or 
the English Maguire ; and he succeeded in obtaining 
a patent as chief of the whole Maguire territory. 
Cuconaght pressed his claim, and Lord Deputy Carew 


and the Government, admitting his claims, as the 
rightful successor of his brother. Sir Hugh, altered 
their views ; persuaded Connor Roe to yield up his 
patent, with the view of securing peace between the 
contending clansmen, and promised him three 
baronies and a half or one-half of the county. The 
other four baronies were allotted to Connor Roe's 
cousin, Cuconaght, who thus obtained the Castle of 
I7?ish-k€lli7t, the half barony of Coole, the barony of 
Lurg, and the baronies of Magheraboy, Clanawley, and 
so much of the barony of Knockninny as lay to the 
west and south sides of I<ough Erne, together with 
such islands in the lough as belonged anciently to 
the divisions thus named. Cuconaght Maguire was 
not satisfied with this arrangement, deeming himself 
entitled to the whole of the county, and, feeling 
hurt, sympathised with the other chiefs of Ulster, and 
ultimately threw in his fortunes with the O'Donnell, 
Karl of Tyrconnell, and O'Neill, Karl of Tyrone. 

When the Ulster lords heard of the intention of 
the Government to arrest them on certain charges* of 

* Cox in his Hibernia Anglicaita relates the matter thus—" On the 7th of 
May 1607, a letter, directed to Sir Wm. Usher, Clerk of the Council, was 
dropped in the Council Chamber of Dublin Castle, which discovered a con- 
spiracy of the Earls of Tyrone and Tirconnell, Maguire, O'Cahati, the Lord 
of Delvin, and almost all the Irish of Ulster, to surprise the Castle of Dubliu* 
and murder the Lord Deptity and Council, and set up for themselves. 
They had sent a baron to the archdukes [of Austria] to solicit assistanc*>, 
and probably had employed some one else to Spain ; but as soon as they 
had notice that their plot was discovered, the Earls of Tyrone and Tirconnell 
and the Lord Mag^uire fled beyond seas to get Spanish aid, and the rest 
did shift for themselves as vi'ell as they could, but some were taken and 

In Anderson's Royal Genealogies another account is given of the affair, 
that the plot was contrived by Robert Cecil, Earl of Salisbury, Secretary of 
State in England, to entrap the Irish chiefs, who afterwards" acknowledged 
their having attended a " secret conference," concerning religion, but 
repelled the calumny of having entered into any treasonable plot against the 
State ; and no evidence having been proved against them, they were allowed 
to depart free from arrest, but were ordered to appear the following day. 
In the meantime, says MacGeoghegan, some false friends in the Council 
advised them privately to consult for their safety on which, fearing that 
hired witnesses would be produced against them, and their lives endangered, 
they fled from Ireland. . . Constantine Magixire died at Geneva in the 
same year while preparing to go to Spain, and the Earl O'Donnell died at 
Rome in 1608, and Hugh O'Neill himself died at Rome in 1616, old, blind, 
and broken down by many misfortunes. 


[Face page 4 

l6o8j the: PI,ANTATI0N of UI.STER. 5 

conspiracy and treason they fled in a ship provided 
for them by Cuconaght Maguire from Rathmullan, on 
lyough Swilly on the 34th September, 1607. They 
never returned. Maguire died of fever shortly after 
his arrival at Geneva, on the 12th August, 1608, 
when on his way, it was said, to Spain. He was 
described by the Four Masters as " a learned, well- 
featured, cheerful, high-spirited, and rapid marching 
warrior ; a man of superior figure and personal 
figure, and of all other good qualificatians." Thus 
passed away the legal representative of Sir Hugh 

Sir Arthur Chichester, who had been appointed 
lyord Deputy of Ireland in 1605, pursuing the English 
object, and having the Irish leaders out of the way, 
prepared a large military force, which set out on the 
5th of July, 1608, from Dublin, to survey the lands 
of all these "rebels" in Ulster. Sketches were 
made in 1609 of six of the northern counties, 
*' Ardmagh, Tyrone, Colrane, Donegall, Fermanagh, 
and Cavan," a scheme was made for their plantation 
with British settlers; and the ** Project of Plantation'* 
was prepared by His Majesty's Commissioners — the 
Bishop of Derry, Sir James Ley [Lord Chief Baron], 
Sir Anthony St. Leger, Sir Henry Docwra [Governor 
of Derry] Sir Oliver St. John, Sir James Fullerton, 
and Sir John Dav^^s, Attorney- General. This scheme 
provided among other things that three corporate 
towns were to be formed in Fermanagh, one at 
Lisgool, another at Castleskeagh [modern Lisnaskea], 
and the third in the middle way between Lisgoole 
and Bally shannon, the place or seat of the town to 
be chosen by the Commissioners. 




The country looked different in the early part of 
the 17th century from what it does to-day. It was, 
as Sir John Davys wrote, ** waste and desolate." An 
unbridled lake, dammed in many places by shallow 
fords, spread its floods over low-lying lands : it 
entered the various rivers and, raising their level, 
extended its borders over thousands of acres now 
fertile and yielding crops. Fen, marsh, and bog, 
since reclaimed, were abundant ; roads, as such, did 
not exist ; bridle paths may have led from monasteries 
like Gola to others like Devenish, though the lake 
was the natural highway ; or there may have been a 
well defined track towards Derry or Dublin. The 
people, when free of the almost continuous wars of 
contending ' chiefs or with the royal troops, were given 
to the care of cattle, which did not involve much 
agriculture; and the beauty of lyough Erne lay in 
the centre of a country "altogether waste and 

It must be remembered that the Lough Erne of 
1606-12 was different from the Lough Erne of the 
2oth century. A series of shoals impeded the flow 

l6o6] CHOICE OF A SITE. 7 

of the water from the Upper Lake in its 14 miles 
of course as a ri^er towards the Lower Lake. Bel 
weirs assisted the shallows at Killyhevlin to hold 
back the water in time of flood ; and the west ford 
at Knniskillen and its companion at Portora Stream 
still further blocked the outfall, so that the Upper 
Lake and River, finding but small vent in time of 
heavy rain, overleaped the ordinary barriers, and 
converted low- lying lands into shallow lakes. The 
level of Lough Erne would at the Lammas floods 
be from eight to ten feet higher than at present, so 
that there were periods when Portora townland would 
be converted into an island, when some of the 
present road-ways like those along Wellington Place 
and Strand Street would be submerged, and when the 
wave of the lake flowed over the Dublin Road into 
the present Fair-green. Mr. Robert Barry, the first 
occupier of the Railway Hotel, Forthill Street, caught 
fish with a rod during the forties of the last century 
from where his house stands. The writer when a 
boy caught tiny eels in the bog holes of the Fair- 
green during the fifties ; even when the canal had 
been cut through the river shoals from Belleisle to 
Portora Castle, thus affording a greatly increased 
outlet for the water, floods so covered the Dublin 
road in Breandrum near Enniskillen that a cot had 
to be placed there to bring wayfarers across, and the 
road had finally to be raised so as to escape the 
effects of flood-water. 

In the island of Inish-kellin itself, the Castle 
stood on an island. The site of the present Main 
Barrack was an island ; and in times of high flood 
the water on the east and west sides almost met 
at the central hollow or depression, where Margaret's 

8 HISTORY OP enniskii,i,e:n. [i6o6 

Gutter subsequently was provided, to carry off town 
sewage towards the Broad Meadow. 

So that the island did not make an impression 
upon the Lord Deputy, Sir Arthur Chichester, when 
he visited the locality in 1606, before the Flight of 
the Karls. It was the hills in the neighbourhood of 
Lisgoole*, and the broad expanse of Killyhevlin, on 
either side of the narrow neck of the river at this 
point, which captured his fancy as the site of the 
future shire town. On the 12th of September, 1606, 
he wrote to King James's Secretary of State, that 

he found this county [Fermanagh] divided with the river of Lough 
Erne, which runs in the midst thereof, over which there is 
seldom passage but by boat, which those people make only of 
a great oak hewn hollow, which they call "cots." These are 
dangerous, and a great hinderance to the commerce in these 
parts. Upon this river [between Lough Erne and the sea] 
he observed two places fit to be made passages by bridge, 
the one at Ballyshannon, near the Castle, and the other at 
Lysgoule, which lies about the midst of the county. Wishes 
there were at this part some beginning of a town, whereby 
the bridge would be defended, and the passage secured. 

Clearly, the I^ord Deputy conceived two things. 
He required (i) a central situation for a county town, 
and (2) a place suitable for a bridge ; and these two 
things the Commissioners found better provided for 
at the island of Inishkellin, a mile further down the 
river. Yet, on his first view of the situation Sir 

* Ivisgfoole appears to have been applied generally to the lands in the 
vicinity of the ancient monastery, and more particularly here to what we 
now call Drumsna on the west, divided by the river Erne from the opposite 
eastern shore of Killyhevlin. It is a beautiful spot, and might well captivate 
the eye of Sir John Davys. The land rises on either side from the water 
in graceful hills, and clad as these hills now are, with trees, the place forms 
one of the several beauty spots around Enniskillen. A camp meeting was 
held here under Wesleyan Methodist auspices in 1857 and another in 1862 
following the great revival of 1859, and cots ferried thousands of people 
across to the religious services, held under the shade of the trees, where the 
seats were of rude logs. Tents provided sleeping accommodation. Sir John 
Davys secured a grant of these lands of lyii-goole for himself, to the extent 
of 1,500 acres, on which he built, says Pynnar, "a fair stone house." 

1609] CHOIC:^ OF A SITE. 9 

Arthur Chichester had determined upon lyisgoole, for 
he ordered houses to be built there for the shelter 
of the soldiers which he had with him at Devenish, 
when holding the assizes for the county there in 
1609 ; and he provided for the building of a goal 
and sessions house there, and a weekly market ; but 
these provisions were never put into effect. The late 
Mr. Michael George Burke, of Drumkeen, Ballinamal- 
lard, told the writer that he paid on behalf of some 
landlord the Crown rent for a weekly market to be held 
at Lisgoole in an old grant, though the market was 
never held. Nor were the buildings ever erected, 
nor did the Free School intended to be placed at 
Lisgoole, with the same idea of its being the county 
town, rise here ; for Chichester's choice had fallen 
upon Inishkellin in these words — 

Inishkellin is the fittest place, in his opinion, for the shire 
town, and to be made a corporation, which will require charge 
or forcement to bring men of wealth and substance to dwell 
there, in regard is now altogether waste and desolate. 

When the Commissioners of Plantation set out 
from Dublin on the 31st July, 1609, to among other 
things ** summon the assize " of the counties recently 
formed under Act of Parliament of Her late Majesty, 
Queen Elizabeth, arrived at Eniskilen on Thursday, 
the evening of the 14th September, 1609, they found 
the Castle of the Maguires under the charge of Captain 
William Cole, who had command of a ward therein, 
and the superintendence of a certain number of war 
boats and barges on lyough Erne. His name appears 
in the list of servitors drawn up by the Council who 
sat in lyondon who were available as undertakers, 
and on the 20th Ma}^, 16 10, they recommended to 


Sir Arthur Chicliester as follows: — 

Captain William Cole, whose name already appears in a 
list of those fit to be undertakers, furnished by Sir Arthur^ 
They are satisfied of his sufficiency to maintain a reasonable 
proportion,* and are aware of his merits. And as he has a 
commission for the charge of his Majesty's boats in Lough 
Yearne [Erne], and for the keeping of the castle of Bnniskillen» 
they suggest that he should be assigned a servitor's portion 
as near as may be to the said castle, which otherwise will be 
very destitute of demesne, as the lands next adjacent to the 
castle have fallen to the lot of some Scottish gentleman in 
the distribution of the precincts, and cannot be altered. 

Thus we arrive at the choice of this site of the 
new county town. Sir John Davys had an eye to 
the beautiful. He was, we have already seen, im- 
pressed with the beauty of Lisgoole ; and so much 
so that he subsequently secured an estate there for 
himself. He knew a good thing when he saw it. 
But he was evidently also fascinated with the beauty 
of the lyower Lake. Looking at Magheraboy he gave 
a description which is true at this day of the lands 
" rising in little hills " from the side of the lake ; 
and of the county generally as " the fattest and 
richest soil in all Ulster."f But the island of Knnis- 
killen lay as a great green sward, surrounded by a 
belt of water, and encircled with emerald hills. It 
displaced the pre-conceived ideas in favour of Lisgoole, 
and here were laid the foundations of the town 
afterwards to become famous in history. 

* There were three classes of proportions — (i) of 1,000 acres, the second of 
1,500 acres, and the third of 2,000 acres, with bog and wood in addition to 
each, to be held at the rate of 6s 8d for every 60 English acres. 

t Sir John mentions also that at this time there was " a Dutch merchant 
called Maximilian [Van de I,eve], who like the rest of his nation, is diligent 
and industrious to improve the commodities of this Kingdom. He makes 
suit to the Lord Deputy, that a colouy of Hollanders may be planted in the 
islands in this lough. If his demands be not unreasonable, they wish that 
his suit may be granted, for a plantation of the Dutch in this place will 
be a great encouragement and benefit to the undertakers." That is the last 
we hear of Maximilian. Evidently, his prayer was not granted, for no 
Hollanders ever came to the islands or shores of l,ough Erne. 




Lisgabhal or Liesgabhail (Ford of the River Fork) 
sometimes called Lisgold, and corrupted into Lisgoole, 
has figured so much in the early days of Enniskillen 
that it deserves more than passing attention. We 
have already seen that its locality was first selected 
as the situation of the future county town, and by 
the word ** locality " I mean the neighbourhood ; for 
the river Erne opposite the old abbey of Lisgoole 
was too broad and too deep for the construction of 
a bridge in those days, while a narrow strait about 
a furlong further down, at Drumsna, at the bend of 
the river, afforded a likely site ; and a ford, not 
much over two feet deep at summer level,* suitable 
foundations for the piers of a bridge. Lisgoole never 
had the county town, nor the corporation, nor the 
school intended for it, nor the fairs and markets. 
These all passed to the island of Inish-killen about 
one mile further down the river. 

The Abbey of Lisgoole had a character and 

• The bed of the river was dredged over half a century ago to afford 
deeper water for navngation, and Scarlett's eel weirs were then swept 
away, but the place is still locally called "The Weirs," though the weirs 
have long since disappeared. The shoal was further dredged during the 
operations for the drainage of Lough Erne at Killyhevlin in 1882. 


liistory of its own. Lough Erne was the great 
natural highway of the Maguire country before roads 
came into being, and therefore we find churches* 
and castles along its borders. Monks could find 
their way readily from Gola to Lisgoole and from 
Lisgoole to Devenish ; and in the year 1 106 the 
religious house of Saint Hugh was endowed by 
MacNoelus MacKenlif, King of Ulster, and it became 
an Augustinian monastery under the protection of 
**Our Lady." Lisgoole monastery was to have been 
rebuilt on a more suitable site by the Maguire, but 
the intention was never carried out. 

From that time onward, until the i6th century, 
abbots and friars occupied the monastery. It appears 
to have been a burial place of the ruling Maguire 
family, though no outward symbols now remain of 
their place of interment. The Abbey was burnt 
down in 1360, a not uncommon thing in those days 
of rapine and raid. 

Fitzcuchonnaght, the Maguire of 1567, was grieved 
to see the Abbey ** falling " into ruin and base decay 
for want of repairs, and considered that religion 
would be benefited by a change of tenants in a house 
which he asserted had been founded by one of his 
ancestors ; and accordingly he sought and obtained the 
consent of the Bishop of Clogher and the assent of 
the Pope to the Order of St. Francis taking over the 
monastery. A copy of the deed of transfer still 
exists which the Rev. James M'Kenna, M.R.I. A., has 
summarized as follows : — 

The Abbot exchanged the tathe whereon the 

* There were religious houses at Galloon, Aughalurcher, Belleisle, Gola, 
Innismore, DerryvuUen, Derrybrusk, Cleenish, Inishkeeu, Lisgoole, Rossorry, 
Devenish, Inishmacsaint, and the White Island. 

1567] WSGOOLK- 13 

Abbey stood, and the adjoining tathe of Drunicon 
with all their rights and privileges, for the tathe of 
I^attragh, while he retained all the other lands 
belonging to the monastery. He was, moreover, to 
be paid ten dry cows yearly, and to get a free house 
and garden close to the monastery. His lands were 
to receive at the hands of The Maguire, and all 
other Maguires, his successors, all honours, privileges^ 
and liberties, whatsoever, by them formerly enjoyed 
when the monastery flourished, without taxing them 
with any county charges, incumbrances or impositions. 
The Abbot and his monks were to be in the 
affectionate and special praj^er, honour, and counsel of 
the friars above all men in the whole community, 
Maguire only excepted ; while the Abbot was to keep 
and observe towards the friars and theirs, all honours 
and privileges in spiritual and temporal matters. 

In order to enforce this agreement, it was pro- 
vided that an3'one who should gainsaj^ or contradict 
it should be liable to the following fines and forfeits: — 
100 cows, payable to Maguire and to each Maguire 
him succeeding, together with 20 cows payable to the 
race of Brian Maguire, and 20 cows payable to each 
of the clans of Fermanagh, viz., MacManus, MacCaffrie, 
Hughes, and O'Hoins. Besides these fines, the dis- 
turbers of the Mo7iks or Friars were to suffer perpetual 
exile from Fermanagh. The hereditary poets, the 
O'Hosies and MacCrifferties, were commanded to 
reprove, defame, and reprehend the disturbers in their 
taunting poems, or in default to suffer a fine of 2a 
cows.* O'Neill, Prince of Tyrone, who was a party 

• This sentence in the Deed of Transfer of I^isgool to the Franciscans, 
commanding- the Poets O'Hiissy and MacCriflferty to reprove, defame, and 
reprehend the disturbers of the arrangement in their taunting poems, recalls 
one Of the many dutiei of the Irish Bard. Besides singing the praises of 


to the agreement, bound himself to assist in punish- 
ing the offenders, and was to receive for his services 
100 cows. All these goods and fines were to be 
levied out of the lands of the person who violated 
the agreement, or of his clan. 

The document was signed by Cornelius MacArdle, 
Bishop of Clogher ; the Dean ; Official ; Minister 
Provincial ; Maguire ; and the Abbot — in presence of 
William MacCormack, the newly-appointed Guardian 
of Lisgool ; three of the Augustinian Monks ; 
MacCaffrie, MacManus, and many others. 

The building of the Abbey was begun by the 
Cuconaght Maguire about 1583, but we read that it was 
never finished because of "the wars which broke out 
on every side, and the persecution raised by the heretics.'* 
The friars continued to occupy it till 1598, in which 
year they w^ere driven from its shelter, and the place 
laid in ruins. In 161 6, a residence was erected in 
the vicinity *' where the friars reside at present, faith- 
fully devoting themselves to the salvation of souls." 

The property of the Abbey, according to Archdall, 
consisted of 

Drumcion [Drumsna] , two tates ; Gortret [Gortdraiglit] , one 
late; Colkie [Culky], three tates ; Grangeth, [Gransha] three tates; 
Cappoge, one tate ; Lanchall [Lankill], two tates; Drumkeen, 
two tates ; Moyleat [Moylehit] , four tates ; all of the ancient 
measure, with their tithes, in the County of Fermanagh. 
They had six quarters of land, containing 24 tates, each tate 
being 30 acres of this county measure, with the tithes thereof, 
and certain liberties, payable out of the lands of Ballynasagard, 
all in this county. Temple MoUin (a chapel of ease) in the 
parish of Boghae [Boho], and barony of Clonawley, in 
MacGaeraghan's country, paying yearly to the Abbot five 

his chieftain and clan, he was bound by the duties of his office to satirize 
and lampoon their enemies when they acted dishonourably, so that the Irish 
were educated, in a manner, in the art of abusing an opponent, an act iu 
which, I may observe, they still excel.— Rev. J, M'Kenua. 

i6o6] I,ISG00I3. 15 

gallons of butter and an axe ; and also the Rectory and 
Vicarage of the parish of Rossinerie, in same barony, were 
appropriated to the abbey ; one-fourth part of the tithes did 
belong to the Bishop of Clogher (excepting only the tithes 
of Ballinbort), and the other three parts were the property 
of the Abbot ; a moiety of the tithes of Ballinbort was 
appropriated to the use of the parson of Inniskeen, one 
forth part to the Vicar of Rosberry, the half of the last 
forth to the Bishop of Clogher, and the remaining half to 
the Abbot. The Chapel and Gauge of Ballymacataggart, 
containing one tate of the new [English] measure (which is 
two tates of the old measure), together with the tithes of 
the same ; the lands of the sept of Munteraran paid annually 
to the abbot four meathers of butter and five of barley, each 
meatheis to contain six quarts ; and it also paid 6/- for tithes 
of the said lands, and 2/- yearly to the Bishop. 

The friars, therefore, were at work when Sir 
John Dav3's in 1606 — [see page 8] — considered the 
locality a suitable one for a county town ; and he 
himself became so enamoured of Lisgoole, that when 
he had got the county town transferred to Inish- 
kellin, and the Reformation was followed by the 
suppression of the monasteries and confiscation of 
their estates, he preserv'-ed its beautiful site and 
surroundings in his memory. 

Sir Henry Bunckar obtained a grant of the 
Abbey and grounds, on the 12th November, 1606, 
and Sir John Davys purchased from Sir Henry "the 
site and precincts of the late dissolved Abbey of 
Lisgool, viz., an old church and churchyard situate 
on the south side of Lough Erne, 6 quarters con- 
taining about 30 acres, county measure, with the 
tithes of the same and certain other liberties, and 
customs to the said Abbey due and payable out of 
Ballinsaggart, and other lands lying as well within 
as without the lake ; also, the site, &c., of the late 
Abbey of St. Francis, situate near Lisgool Abbey, 


wlierein are the old ruined walls of a small churcii^ 
a cliurcliyard, certain gardens or tofts [Scotch^ 
crofts], and a small close containing 3 acres." 

Thus Sir John Da\^s * obtained a handsome 
property ; and on account of its religious associations 
for a long period with the Church of Rome, the 
perversion of the old Monasterj^ and the new build- 
ings, consisting of a chapel and part of a new convent 
erected by Cuconnacht Maguire, from their accustomed 
uses, aroused some ire. Thus we find the Rev» 
y Donagh Mooney, of the Order of St. Francis, saying 
that — **A certain heretic, a lawyer and supervisor of 
the King's revenue, has constructed a house for him- 
self in the church ; and regardless of the profanation, 
has destroyed the ecclesiastical form of the establish- 

By the terms of the grant Sir John Davys was 
bound to construct a strong stone house, with a 
bawne around it, and when Captain Pynnar visited 
"the proportion" of 1500 acres in 1618-19 he reported 
officially that " upon the Abbey Lands there is built 
a fair stone House, but no Bawne." It was likely 
this house which was destroyed by fire during the 
Rebellion of 1641 by James and Cahill Maguire, when 
many were put to the sword. 

Sir John Davys died about the year 1626 [also 
stated at 1630] and was succeeded by his only child 
and heir, Lucy Davys, who married Ferdinando 
Hastings, Earl of Huntingdon, {hiquisitions of Ulster^ 
Fermanagh (26;, (37), and (44) Car. I. 

There must have been some portion of the lands 

♦ Sir John Davys went to England, and was about to le made Chief 
Justice there wh'ru he died. It is said that he wa> buried in the church of 
St. Martin's-in-the Fields, 

LISQOOLE, as it Is, showing portion of ancient Monastery on tfie riglit. 

THE KEEP OP ENNISKILLEN CASTLE at present, showing in the outer wails the 
difference between the ancient and modern masonry. (See page 193.) 

[Face page i6 




1360] N LISGOOI^E. 17 

of lyisgoole permitted to be appropriated for religious 
uses, after it had been laid in ruins, for according to 
the Ward Manuscripts a small house was erected by 
the Roman Catholics of the district close to the 
Abbey for the Franciscans ; and there they main- 
tained themselves well into the 17th century. The 
Abbey was partially restored about 1830- 1. " lyisgold '* 
is marked on the Speede map of 16 10 as a place of 
note, and was a famous monastery. 

The Annals of the Four Masters supply us with 
some knowledge of the Abbey, which had become an 
Augustine Monaster>^ The references to it are brief, 
like the rest of its details, and we find as follows: — 

1287 — Matthew Macatasaid was consecrated Bishop of 
Clogher in this Abbey. 

1320 — Nicholas Macatasaid was consecrated Bishop of 
Clogher in the Abbey. 

1329 — Augustin, Abbot of Lisgool, died. 

1345 — Gilla-na-naemh O'Keenan, Abbot of Lisgool, died. 

1360 — Lisgool, Devenish, Roscommon, Sligo, Fenagh and 
Drumlias were burned. 

1373 — Adam O'Keenan,* a canon and learned historian, 
died at Lisgool. 

1380 — Donnell O'Lennan Prior of Lisgool, died. 

1390 — Bartholomew O'Congaile, Canon and Sacristan of 
Lisgool, died. 

1419 — Hugh O'Flanagan, Prior of Lisgool, died. 

1430 — Gilla-na-neev O'Leannain, Canon and Sacristan of 
Lisgool, died. 

1431— Simon Mac Garraghan, a Canon of Lisgool, died. 

1431 — Lucas O'Leannain, prior of Lisgool, died. 

1445 — Thomas O'Leannain, Canon and Sacristan of Lis- 
gool, died. 

1446 — ^John O'Leannain, Prior of Lisgool, died. 

1447 — Donnell Ballagh Maguire, who was slain by John, 
son of Philip Maguire, was interred in the Monastery of 

• As Canon O'Keenan died at lyisgoole during a time when it was in a 
destroyed or decayed state, it looks as if some of the buildings may have 
been sufficient for habitation. 


450 — Pierce Maguire, Bishop of Clogher, died at Cleenish, 
and was interred at LisgooL 

1465 — Thomas, son of Maurice, son of Matthew, Abbot 
of Lisgool, died. 

1466 — Brian, son of Gillepatrick Maguire, Abbot of Lis- 
gool and Donnell O'Leannaan, a Canon of the family of 
Lisgool, died. 

Alba, daughter of Hugh Maguire, retired from the world 
in 1476, and gave all her wordly goods to the monastery. 
She died the following year, and was interred in the family 
vault at Lisgool. 

In 1516 a boat accident at Lisgool resulted in the death 
of two members of the community — ^Tiege O'Higgins and 
Walter Walsh. 

In 1522 died Redmond Roe Maguire, Prior of Lisgool, 
and in 1527 the Abbot Lawrence was gathered to his fathers. 

Tlie Annals of Ulster contain a number of 
references to Lisgool, which are more for the 
ecclesiastical student than the ordinary reader. 

The next circumstance of note in the history of 
Lisgoole is thus referred to by the Rev. James 
M'Kenna, M.R.I. A., in Lough Erne and its Shriyies — 

When in 1631 Michael O'Clery, the chief of the Four 
Mastern, on his weary journey in quest of materials for the 
History of Ireland, came to Lisgool, he found the convent of 
his Order able and willing to afford him shelter and assistance. 
And there, under the patronage of Brian Roe Maguire, Baron 
of Enniskillen, he compiled the Lathhar Gahhala, the Book of 
Invasions, a narrative in Gaelic of the successive colonizations 
of Ireland. In the dedication prefixed to his manuscript, the 
veteran chronicler tells us that he undertook to purge from 
errors, rectify, and transcribe the old chronicles, that it might 
be to the "Glory of God, to the honour of the Saints, and 
the Kingdom of Erin, and to the welfare of his own soul." 
Having secured the patronage of Maguire, he selected as his 
assistants O'Mulconry, Cucoigry O'Clery, O'Duigenan, and 
Gilla Patrick O'Lennon, Chief Chronicler to the Prince of 
Fermanagh. On the 22nd October, 1631, the work was 
commenced, and it was completed on the 22nd December in 
the same year, and on that day it received the approval of 
Father Francis MacCraith, Guardian of the Convent of Lisgool. 

1644] I.ISGOOI.K. 19 

The Franciscans of Lisgool lost a good friend in Connor, 
Lord Magnire, who was hanged for treason at Tyburn, London, 
in 1644. A short time previous to his execution he made his 
will, and it clearly proves that he was not unmindful of the 
convent on the shores of Lough Erne, at whose altar he 
often knelt in youth, and at which he desired to be 
remembered after his heroic soul had gone to its account. 
To the Convent of Lisgool he bequeathed £20 to have Masses 
said for his soul, and he earnestly requested that the money 
should be given without delay. The will continues: "I do 
desire these my friends herein mentioned, and all others my 
friends, to have many Masses and prayers said for my soul; 
and last of all I do appoint this my will to be and remain 
in the custody of the Friars of Lisgool, whom I entreat to 
keep it safely in custody, until it please God that the 
contents be fulfilled, and also to send authorised copies of it 
to my friends, entrusLcd and mentioned by me as above 
mentioned. I do likewise beseech the said Friars to solicit 
frequently and earnestly all those that ought from time to 
time fulfil and perform this my Last Will and Testament to 
be mindful of their duties in discharging their parts; and 
also I do desire the said Friars to be mindful always in their 
Masses and prayers to pray for my soul." 

The original copy of this Lord Maguire's will 
was said to have been carefully preserved by a 
descendant of the family named Thomas Maguire, 
who occupied a small shop* in High Street, Ennis- 
killen, from 1830 till 1834. I have heard him spoken 
of by those who knew him as " Lord " Denis and 
Lord " Thomas." The Viscount Cole of those days, 
who afterwards became third Earl of Enniskillen, was 
wont to call on this Thomas Maguire and address 
him as " My Lord." Viscount Cole was generous to 
him, and furnished his hardware shop for him. It 
was held locally that this Thomas Denis Maguire was 
descended from Ror>% a younger brother of the 

• The shop was afterwards occupied by Messrs. S. & T Johnston, grocers 
before they removed to their present premises, and by a Mr. Bannon, It wa» 
then incorporated by Messrs P. & J. Maguire into their establishment, and 
was again separated for a Mr. Cowan, saddler, who left it in 1907. It is now 
a house of refreshment, kept by Miss Johnston. 


foregoing Connor, Lord Maguire, and that he preserved 
Connor^s will in a strong box. A special seat was 
retained for him in the Roman Catholic Chapel of 
Knniskillen — indeed it was for some time the only- 
seat in the building. This Mr. Maguire was accorded 
great respect, on account of his family, and he died, 
the last of his kind, without leaving any descendants. 

lyisgoole appears to have had six friars, according 
to Dr. Oliver Plunkett, in 1671, and in the year 1739 
a chalice was presented to the Abbey by Sir Bryan 
Maguire. This chalice found its way to Manorhamilton 
(Cloonclare) Roman Catholic Church, through its 
parish priest. Rev. Dr. Maguire, V.G., who obtained 
it on the death of Dr. Peter Maguire of Knniskillen, 
who had been married to a relative of the Most Rev. 
Denis Maguire,* Bishop of Kilmore. The Bishop, as 
one of the house of Maguire, obtained possession of 
the chalice when the Franciscans left Lisgoole ; and 
after his death in 23rd December, 1798 the chalice 
found a new home with Dr. Peter Maguire, and 
subsequently went to Rev. Dr. Maguire, parish priest 
of Manorhamilton, in whose Roman Catholic Church 
it is now used. 

Rev. James M'Kenna discovered a chalice in the 
church of Ferny halgh, near Preston, which bears 
the inscription — " Conosus [Cuconaght] Maguire rex 
Fernanse me fi : fe : mccccc xxix [1529] " and another 
in the possession of the Very Rev. James O'Laverty, P.P., 
Holywood, Co. Down, the gift of the same Sir Bryan 
Maguire, who presented the chalice to Lisgoole, which 
contains this inscription — " This cup was bestowed by 
Sir Bryan Maguire, baron, to Peter Maguire. Whoever 

• Most Rev. Dr. Denis Maguire was buried at Devenish. This monument 
describes him as a " good shepherd," and a " true and real follower of His Master." 

1724] r.ISGOOI.K. 21 

uses it after his death is to say twelve intentions for 
him, 175 1." 

A Mr. Thomas Smith is reported to have "kept 
a creditable house " at the Castle of Lisgoole iri 
1718-20. The history of lyisgoole becomes hazy about 
the time of the Revolution, but I learn from a lease 
dated ist August i6g8 that Charles Wallis and his wife, 
who succeeded the Karl of Huntingdon in the ownership, 
had conveyed the property to Mr. Thomas Smith. 
Through him the Armstrongs obtained possession. 

An indenture of 22nd September, 1724, between 
Charles Hume of the one part and Thomas I^indsay 
of the other part, gave a lease of the lands to John 
Armstrong, which was renewed on 2nd April, 1750, to 
James Armstrong ; and also stating that Wm. Hamilton 
was entitled to the rent reserved by the indenture of 
lease ; that James Armstrong purchased the interest of 
Joseph I^indsaj^* in said premises, and that the interest 
of Wm. Hamilton became vested in Archibald Scott 
and Barbara his wife, Thos. Saunders and Jane, his 
wife, Charles John Graydon and Elizabeth, his wife. 

This date brings us close to the 18th century ; 
and I am not certain whether the head of the house 
was the Mr. James Armstrong who obtained a lease 
on 1 6th December, 1736, of the Homestead house, a 
plot or tenement in the town of Enniskillen, which I 
cannot now identify; and also obtained a lease dated 
nth January, 1739, from Messrs. Thomas Lindsay and 
Joseph Lindsay, distillers, of Dublin, of the lands of 
Lisgoole, containing 49 acres, then in possession of 
said James Armstrong, to hold for the lives of said 

• Whether this Mr Lindsay was a descendant of the Mr. Jerome I,indsey 
of the Plantation I cannot say. A Matt. Lindsay was one of the townsmen 
cf Enniskillen who signed the address to King William and Queen Mary 60 
years before. 


James Armstrong, Thomas Armstrong, his brother, 
aged 21, and Jane, his sister, aged 30, at rent of 
£^0, with clause of renewal for ever. On the i8th 
February, 1758, Mr. James Armstrong obtained a lease 
of other lands in I^isgoole ; and whatever trouble he 
got into, two judgments were allowed against him and 
James Armstrong each for ;^2,ooo and costs; and two 
judgments had also been obtained against each of 
them in 1794 for ;^8oo and costs. Was it in connexion 
with this latter there was a charge of ;^8oo against 
the lands of lyisgoole, made by deed of 21st August, 
1818, released? 

In 1800 judgment was recorded by Thomas Faris 
for ;^500 and costs, and this was released in 1820. 
The Rev. Alexander Auchinleck had also a judgment 
against the lands of Lisgoole for ;^2,ooo in 1819, so 
that there was trouble at Lisgoole, and Mr. John 
Armstrong of the time went into to live in Ennis- 
killen town, where he had a " homestead." 

Mr. John Armstrong of Lisgoole married in 1788 
Sophia, daughter of the ninth Baron Blayney, and 
had an only child, Elizabeth. It was either Sophia, 
or her daughter Elizabeth, was the heroine of the 
well known and popular novel, T/ie Children of the 
Abbey, by Miss Maria Roche. Elizabeth was married 
in 1808 to Sir Charles Dodsworth, third Baronet, of 
Newland Park, Yorkshire, and she died in 1853. She 
was grandmother of the present fifth baronet. Sir 
Charles E. Dodsworth. 

We now come to the next occupiers of Lisgoole. 
By articles of agreement dated the 13th of May, 18 19, 
between Mr. John Armstrong, a lieutenant in the 
Fermanagh Regiment of Militia and Michael Jones 
of Cherrymount, Donegal (also stated to be of Camlin), 

I913] USGOOI^E. ' 23 

Mr. Armstrong sold and conveyed to Mr. Jones the 
freehold inheritance and possession of the lands of 
lyisgoole for the sum of ;^i 2,300. 

As the name Michael was one of the family- 
names, I conjecture that the new owners of Lisgoole 
were descended from Michael Jones, one of the captains 
of the Parliamentary army in Ireland. 

Perhaps it was John's grandson, Mr. Michael Jones, 
died at the age of 45 years in i860. Mrs. Jones was 
predeceased by her son, Michael Obins, who died on 
the 2nd June, 1878, at the age of 49 years ; and she 
(Mrs. Isabella Diana Jones) died on the loth April, 
1892, at the age of 72. Her will directed that the 
property should be sold for the benefit of certain 
charitable societies, including the Fermanagh Protestant 
Orphan Society. It was finally sold to Mr. Robert 
Johnston, of Stuttgart and New York, one of the old 
Johnston family of Drumshemuck, Derrylin, and he 
was resident until removed by death in 19 13, and 
was succeeded by his nephew Robert William Johnston, 
the present owner. 

A small portion of the old Abbey, with its 
castellated massive walls, four or five feet thick, is 
incorporated in the present house ; and this Mr. 
Johnston extended the castlellated style to the whole 
front of the building. 

In reference to the Sixth Earl of Huntingdon referred to on page ■'6 of 
this chapter, the Erne Packet, which has been incorporated with the hnpartial 
Reporter, mentioned in the year 1816 the joy experienced in Enniskillen when 
a Mr. Francis Hastings, a churchwarden, was able to prove his claim to the 
earldom of Huntingdon. This gentleman came as the Ordnance storekeeper of 
Bnniskillen at a salary of £150 a year ; and the inhabitants illuminated the 
town in honour of his becoming the Earl of Huntingdon. Houses were 
decorated, tar barrels were burnt and candles were put in windows. Porter 
was sent from the brewery at the West Bridge to the market place, and ** the 
populace " drank in honour of the event. 




As Devenish has been intimately associated with 
Bnniskillen, and situated as far north westwards from 
it as Lisgoole is south eastwards, it may be well to 
refer to it specially, omitting those ecclesiastical details 
which are of chief interest to Churchmen. The 
Abbey at Devenish was founded (says Archdall, p. 
259) by St. I^aserian, and others say it owes its 
origin to Saint Molaise. We are not concerned with 
it here as a great monastic school, which it afterwards 
became, so much as its part in connection with 
Enniskillen. Round an ancient building of the kind 
fictions, legends, and superstitions will and did gather. 
The strange thing is, that considering the notable 
place Devenish Abbey once occupied, first among the 
religious houses of lyough Erne, so little should be 
known of its past. It became so important that it 
was alleged its Abbot was chosen as the umpire to 
decide disputes between the Chiefs of Ulster. Hugh 
O'Connor and Bryan O'Naill held a conference at 
Daminis on I^ough Erne, in 1259; and in 1360 the 
church was burned as well as the monastery of 


Lisgoole. We have no particulars of the final disaster 
which laid the buildings in ruins during the time of 
Henry VIII, and the suppression of monasteries. 

Devenish was a ruin in 16 10 when the I^ord 
Deputy visited it, and the Judges of Assize, the Lord 
Chancellor and the Lord Chief Justice, opened the first 
Assizes of Fermanagh within the ruins of the Abbey. 
This very circumstance points to Devenish as a place 
of central and local importance. Sir John Davys tells 
us that on this occasion, after travelling from the 
Abbey of "Clunys" [Clones] in the adjoining County 
of Monaghan, ** we came the second night after to 
the south side of Lough Krne, and pitched our tents 
over against Devenish, a place being prepared for the 
holding of our sessions for Fermanagh in the ruins 
of an abbey there." It is not unlikely that the scene 
of that camp was Derryinch, where funerals were 
ferried to Devenish ; or perhaps the field at Tully- 
Devenish which contains the great stone on which 
coffins were laid prior to embarkation, where prayers 
were said by a priest in case of a storm preventing 
his crossing to the *' holy " island. 

Being within the see of Clogher, Devenish was 
within the Bishop's jurisdiction, and the jury which 
sat in September, 1670 "over against the island of 
Devenish," determining some local matters on the 
requisition of the Commissioners of Assize and of 
Plantation, found the following in relation to the 
Abbey ot St. Mary and the hospitality it was bound 
to extend to the Bishop on visitation: — 

That the said abbey or house of chanons of Devenishe, 
with one orchard or moore thereunto belonginge, are scituate 
and being in the Hand of Devenish ; and that out of the said 

B a 


abbey the bushopp of Clogher hath yerelie a refeccon for a 
daie, or tewn shillinges in lieve thereof in his visitation and 
not else, but not to staie all night ; and they [the jury] 
alsoe sale uppon their oathes, that the late priorie or house of 
secular priests of CoUidea, with an orchard thereunto belonging, 
is likewise scituate on the said iland of Devenish. 

In his report on the subject to Robert, Karl of 
Salisbur>% Secretary of State, Sir John Davys, the 
Attorney-General, says : — 

It remains I should inform your Lordship somewhat of 
the service performed by the Justices of Assize in this county : 
albeit they had little to do here, no matter being prepared for 
them to work upon ; for the gaol delivery must needs be 
quickly despatched, where there were no justices of the peace 
that had either the will or the skill to commit malefactors, 
and where there was no gaol of any fastness to keep them, 
being committed : howbeit we had a full appearance of all the 
country, and there came in upon recognizances taken over- 
skilfully enough by the sheriff and other Irish justices of the 
peace, twenty persons in number or thereabouts ; the greatest 
part whereof were loose and idle people bound over to find 
masters or sureties for their behaviour ; others were committed 
for felonies, whereof some few were indited; but in the end 
all were acquitted for want of evidence ; which happened by 
the negligence of the justices of the peace, who had not 
bound their accusers to prosecute against them ; we rebuked 
the justices of the peace for this omission, and imposed fines 
upon them ; and so ended our gaol delivery. Then we made 
the like inquisition ; here touching ecclesiastical livings, and 
published the like orders for the civil government of their 
country, as we had done in Monaghan, and so dissolved our 

The matter of the building of a gaol, a sessions 
house and school were also referred to in this report, 
and the matter of the school was left over for the 
coming of the Bishop of Clogher. It was on this 
occasion the Lord Deputy favoured lyisgoole as the 
site of the new county town, which was to provide 
both the gaol and the session-house afterwards, but 


Lisgoole, as we have seen, was put aside for the 
island of Inish- killin. 

The oldest building on Devenish island is believed 
to have been the house or cell of Saint Molaisse, of 
which we have only small remains. It has fallen 
more and more into decay. It was perfect half a 
century ago, and had then the stone roof, of which 
we have good examples in the vale of Glendalough. 
The ruins of the Abbey or Priory give evidence that 
it was once a handsome building. A stone containing 
raised Irish characters tells the story that " Matheus 
O'Dubagan Hoc Opus Fecit, Bartholomeo O'Flanragan* 
Priori de Damynis, a.d. 1449." The great central 
tower, containing the belfry, and the side walls alone 
remain. The door-ways, windows, arches, tracings 
and interlinings, are handsome specimens of design. 

St. Molaisse's bed or coffin was whole during the 
last generation, but it is now broken. 

The round tower is one of the most perfect and 
the largest in Ireland. Its circumference varies from 
4ft. 9in. at the base to 4ft. yin. at the cornice ; and 
its height is a little over 81 feet. The supporting 
stones placed in the inside of the tower for floors, 
show that the tower had five stories. A seed took 
root in the tower in the early part of the 19th 
century, and the Hon. and Rev. J. Chas. Maude, rector 
of Enniskillen organised a subscription fund for the 
repair of the tow^er, which was carried out in 1835 
by Robert Rexter. The alder seed had at this time 
grown to a tree of some dimensions and threatened 
to destroy the building. 

When the premises came under the control of the 

• He died at I^ough Dearg in 1462. 


Board of Works the remains of a fine cross were 
discovered, hidden in the grass and ruins. The pieces 
were then fastened together, and the cross is now 
erected in the graveyard, which has a wall round it 
to keep cattle from trespassing on the graves of the 
dead. Those who wish details of the Abbey and 
ruins, and to preserve copies of the mouldings, &c., 
will find them delineated in the late Mr. W. F. 
Wakeman's paper — the first on the subject — delivered 
before the Royal Society of Antiquaries, and in-^the 
Rev. James M'Kenna's interesting book on the subject. 
Devenish was a noted burial place, as well as 
Lisgoole, but the oldest monuments remaining do not 
go farther back in date than 171 2. It was used by 
Protestants as well as Roman Catholics for interments, 
but principally by the latter. Devenish parish had a 
chapel of ease at Monea, and the present Monea 
Protestant Church has a beautiful stone window 
transported from Devenish. 

During the summer season Devenish is the resort 
of tourists and pleasure- seekers. A great charm still 
lingers round the spot because of its past. Here 
loverv«5 came as well as archaeologists, and ambitious 
youth probe its mysteries as much as the aged find a 
solace in its surroundings and ''atmosphere." A right 
of way exists over the island ; and the ancient right 
of way, which according to Lord Chief Justice 
Whiteside no lapse of time can destroy, when it leads 
to a graveyard, also exists on the path by way of 
Tully, through the farmyard ; by Derrygore, through 
the farmyard ; and the Deadman's Pass at Trory. 

The right of way from Enniskillen existed from 
the old Ballyshannon road which ran up Portora 
hill. The pass led by the right towards the lake, and 


then along the lake side to Portora Point, or " the 
pier head " at the Old Castle. A right of way also 
existed by this route to Derrygore House, on the 
other side of Portora stream, which was reached by 
boat. When the Rev. Wm. Steele, M.A., was Master 
of Bnniskillen Royal School at Portora a new road 
was constructed by him and Mr. Ed. Irwin, J.P., 
Derrygore, at a cost of ;^i,200 from the Old Castle 
to the Ballyshannon road near Lakeview (Mr. W. R. 
Cooney's) ; and the old pass was closed. The public thus 
lost the right of a beautiful walk by the river side. 
When the Fermanagh Protestant Board of Education 
got control over the Royal School they altered matters 
for the benefit of the public, and resort is still had 
between daybreak and nightfall to one of the loveliest 
spots in the locality. 

Danger sometimes attended funerals when crossing 
the water to Devenish, especially if, as was not 
uncommon in past times, the mourners had partaken 
of strong refreshment. The last great calamity took 
place in the year 1824, when a large cot overturned, 
and about 26 people were drowned. The coffin was 
left floating on the water. 

About 1630-40 Devenish island was owned by I,ord Hastings, a name that 
also had a connexion with Lisgoole. From him it passed to " Bishopp 
Montgomerie" of Clogher ; and about the time of the Revolution to the 
Rynd family of Derryvullen and Knuiskillen, through whom it passed to the 
Denny family. In the year 1917 it was sold to Mr. Ed. D. Kerr, Farmhill» 
the Coagh, Knniskillen. 




The Maguire family already alluded to were 
"lords" of the Lough Erne* country, generally spoken 
of as The Maguire Country. They appear to have 
succeeded in power a family of the name of 
O'Dubhdara, which had the local chieftainship of this 
territory during the tenth, eleventh, and twelfth 
centuries. Donal More, lord of Tirconnell [Donegal], 
who died in 1241, is mentioned by the Four Masters 
as having also been lord of Fermanagh ; and his 
successor, Malachy O'Donnell, who died in 1247, is 
also spoken of in the same manner. 

The oldest picture of life in Fermanagh is 
presented to us in Father Dineen's translation from 
the Irish of a manuscript either written by John 
MaGabhran (John Magovern) or copied by him from 
an " old historical book." 

About 1 1 89 a Mulrooney (O Maolruanaidh) had 

• I,ough Erne was first known as Lough Sairaer, from Partholan having 
killed Saimer, the favourite greyhound of his queen on the small islet near 
the falls of the p;rne at Ballyshannon, which circumstance gave its name to 
the whole river and Lough. It afterwards derived its name of Erne from Ema, 
waiting maid of Meav, a famous queen of Connaught, who was drowned in the 
lake. The Erneans are said to have been the earliest inhabitants of the territory. 
It is stated by various historians that the Danes had a fleet on Lough Erne in 
the loth century. 

1247] '^HE MAGUIRKS. 3 1 

been the local chief, and he had been dispossessed 
by O h'Eighnigh (O Heeney) and he in turn by 
O Dubdara. In the yesLV 1207 the overlord of 
Fermanagh and all the north-west, one of the 
O Donnells of Tyrconnell, was slain by Fermanagh 
men, which led to the succeeding O Domhnaill 
making war on Fermanagh, and destroying every 
place through which he passed, respecting not 
church property any more than lay property. The 
O Donnells seemed to have been continually at war 
in Fermanagh, so that it was from time to time laid 
waste and there was no village or town in it. We 
find one Donn or Dond Maguidheir — [the letters dh 
are silent] — was **king" of Fermanagh in 1297, who 
was followed in 1302 by Donn Carrach Ma Guidhir. 
(I give the spelling of Maguire as I find it). 

The territory of Errigal or Oriel (Oirghialla) had 
been divided between two brothers ; and while 
Monaghan (Muineachan) had fallen to the 
Nadshluaigh Ma Guidhir, ancestor of M'Mahon 
(MacMathghamnhaigh), the district of Fermanagh 
(Fearmanach) fell to Cormac Maguire, and the 
boundary of Fermanagh was from the Finn river 
(Finnaghlas), *' at the extremity of Cluaneois " 
(Clones) to Belleek (I^eac na nArm, the flagstone of 
the Arms) in the north (sometimes described as 
Beal lycice) ; and crosswise from what we now call 
Drumane (Beal 'Atha ma Meirlach) in the west to 
what we call Lisnadurk (Ivios na dTorc) in the 
parish of Currin near Clones ; and it stretched again 
from here to Braghaid na Caoil or the Caol's Gorge, 
near lyough Dearg. [The Caol is said to have been 
a monster slain by Patrick, the Irish Apostle, or by- 
Prior Patrick.] 


Thus we learn the ancient boundaries of the 
county, and it will be noted that the O'Reilly 
(O Raghallaigh) country, a portion of Connaught 
joined Fermanagh at Drumane, sometimes termed in 
Irish the Mouth of the Ford of the Biscuits from 
the battle fought there when Maguire defeated the 
Knglish in 1594, four miles from Enniskillen. 

While the Maguires became lords of this county 
there were under- chiefs who recognised Maguire 
sovereignty, and each of these seven sub-chieftains 
apparently ruled over a tuath or what we would call 
a barony. (i) The clan Mulrooney (Mhaolruanaidh) 
ruled over what we call the barony of 
Magherastephena, (2) MacDonnell (MacDomhnaill) 
over Clankelly (Clann Cheallaigh), (3) MacGulshenan 
or Gilsenan (Meig Uinnseannain), over Tyrkennedy 
(Tir Cheannada), (4) Muldoon (O Maoladuin) over 
Lurg, (5) Flanagan (O Flannagain) over Tuath Ratha 
(which was a more extensive territory than the 
present Magheraboy), (6) MacLinnen or Leonard 
(MacGiolla Fheinmein) over Munter Fodaghan 
(Muintear Fhoeadachain) Anglice Swift, (7) and 
MacGilla Coisgle over Coole (Baile Mhic GhioUa 

The Mss. also gives the termoners over the 
county, namely the termoners of DrummuUy (Drom 
Uilche), Machaire Mhilioc, Clontivern (Clann 
Tibhrinn), Galloon (Gabhal Linin), Aghalurcher 
(Achadh Lurchair), Aghavea (Achadh Beithe), 
DerryvuUen (Doire Mhaolain), Cleenish (Claininis), 
Farnamullan (Fearann an Mhiulinn) Devenish 
(Daimhinis), Ballycassidy (Baile Ui Chaiside), 
Ballynaseggart (Bile Mhic an tSagairt),* in the barony 

• Ballyneygart or Bally McSagort, was a grange of the Abbey of Lisgoole, 




{From a 7voodcnt in the Bodleian Library, Oxford.) 
The ancient Irish kerne were bare-legged, as were Shane 
O'Neill's gallowglasses when they escorted him to Queen Elizabeth. 
The foregoing print is a portrait of Captain Thomas Lee in the national 
dress of the period. Magnus Barefoot, King of Norway, in the latter 
period of the 11 th century adopted the Irish custom, and went with 
feet and legs bare from the knee. 

(See article on 

Costume in ancient Ireland 
Journal, vol. 12 

in the Irish Archa'olo^lcal 

[Face page 33 

1247] '^EL® MAGUIRKS. 33 

of Lurg, sometimes called Templemaglier>^ ; 
Ballyconnell (Baile Mi Chonghaile), in barony of 
Lurg; Kilterney (Cill Tighearnach), Termon Magrath 
(Tearmonn Mhe Graith), around Pettigo, Inismacsaint 
(Inis Mheriglie Sainh), Boagh or Boho (Both Ui 
Fhialain), Killesher (Mhic Ghiolla Lasair), 

Templenaflfrin (Teampull an Aifrinn), Kinawley (Cill 
Nadhaill), Donaghmoyline, a chapel of ease in parish 
of Drummully, and a burial place in Tulnagoran, in 
townland of Tattynuckle (Tullonagerhon) and 
Templemoyle (Teampull), in the parish of Clones.* 

It will thus be seen how ancient parishes and 
burying places correspond to many that we have 
to-day, and that some parishes are omitted — Iniskeene 
(now parish of Enniskillen), Rossorrie, and 

The ancient church at Devenish referred to 
above was not the abbey on the hill, built in 1449 
by Matthew O'Dubagan, when Bartholomew 
O'Flanagan was prior, but the smaller church a 
short distance north-eastward, which had been built 
about the sixth century. 

When Manus, son of Donn Mor, reigned in 
Fearmanach he collected his tribute as overlord 
yearly, and he began his collection at Raith Mhor 

situate in the parish of Derryvnllen, and believed to be represented by the 
church buildings on Dowinishbane or White Island and Davys island in Castle 
Archdall bay. The new church of Castle Archdall, pro\4ded in 1841, represents 
the ancient chapels The ancient half barony of Coolmakernau seems to have 
included these islands. 

• It will be observed by local people that Enniskillen is not once 
mentioned in this chronicle — from which I conclude that the Maguire 
subsequently found his house at Knockninny not sufficiently central, and 
that he chose for his new abode a position commanding the fords of the 
narrow river at Inish-Cethlenn. The Castle built here, and of which the 
keep still remains in the central portion of the Castle Barrack, was built 
subsequent to the period to which our story relates It is first mentioned 
in the Annals of the Four Masters as having been captured trom The 
Maguire, who was taken prisoner and kept as such in his own castle, by 
Donnall Mac Uidhir, and the castle was in turn taken from him. i>y The 
O'Neill, who released Maguire in 1439. See page 43. 


Mhiodhluic, sometimes described as the Hill of 
Rathmore, which I take to be the hill on which 
the barrack now stands at Belleek, a place at which 
Maguire had a permanent guesthouse. Maguire went 
along the natural highway of the time, by boat or 
barge along Lough Erne, to receive his subordinate 
chiefs, and summoned to his presence The Flannagain, 
of Toora (now Magheraboy) and the O'Muldoon, of 
I/Urg, and also a half brother by his mother's side, 
O'Donnell, from Beal Atha vSenaigh, or what we now 
call Ballyshannon. According to what we read, the 
present Irish idea of princely hospitality, of the 
*' height of good 'aitin', and drinkin'," came down 
from those days, because we read in every page of 
banquets and flowing ale and wine. 

Having remained about one month at Beal-lice 
(or Belleek) where feasting was the order of the day^ 
Maguire proceeded to Termon (Pettigo) for one night, 
and embarked on his boat or fleet, which must have 
been composed of what we would call big or 5 -ton 
boats. He would then pass up the lake towards 
Devenish, over the ford at Portora, and by the ford 
at Innish-Caithlenn along the river to Ligoole, past 
Inniskeene, Cleenish, and monastery of Gola to Galloon 
(Gabhal Luin), where he kept another guesthouse, 
for the space of a month, and there he would meet 
M'Donnell, chief of Clankelly, Mulrooney, and the 
rest of his vassal chiefs. His own royal residence 
does not appear to have been at what we now call 
Enniskillen, but at Port Dobhrain at Knockninny. 

It came to pass that Maguire fell ill of "a 
wasting of the joints," and when his vassal chiefs 
learned of the affliction they embarked upon an 
ancient Plain of Campaign ; as the writer puts it. 

1247] '^H^ MAGUIRKS. 35 

and it is true of modern as well as of ancient Irish — 

When they saw that there was not a penny of their 
lord's tribute collected from them for a long time back, as 
what one has long borrowed is usually regarded as one's own, 
they conceived in their deceitful wayward minds that the 
children the lord had were young and tender, and that they 
were not able at that time to enjoy or to defend the country, 
and resolved not to pay the tribute to any one else till 
himself should come to take it in the customary manner. 

Accordingly Maguire sent out his bonaghs or 
stewards to proceed on circuit for the tribute on his 
behalf; and the Flanagan, of Toora, was the first to 
refuse it, " till he saw his lord, to whom he would 
give it on his feet ": and to show the guile of this 
artful chief, he added with Irish blarney — *' that they 
would not store it more faithfully for him than 
himself." With this rebel refusal the stewards seized 
the cattle of Flanagan, and Flanagan pursued the 
bonaghs to where we now call Glack, or Aghanaglack, 
sometimes called Carn (Clais an Chairn), at Boho, 
where a fight ensued for the cattle, in which many 
were killed on both sides, including Flanagan and 15 
of Maguire's party, and while the conflict was taking 
place "the women and youngsters" of Toora took 
back the cattle. 

The Maguire therefore consulted with O Braislin, 
O Luinin, and O Caisidie and other notables, and 
finally resolved to send for his brother Giolla 'losa 
Ma Guidhir, who lived with his grandfather, O Reilly 
(O Raghallaigh), the King of Breffny, and he received 
O'Reilly's permission to obey his brother's summons. 
A touching picture is drawn of the meeting of the 
two brothers at Knockninny, and of the royal welcome 
accorded the visitor, who obeyed the commands of 


The Maguire. GioUa 'losa, therefore, proceeded to the 
residence of the King's half brother at Ballyshannon, 
and informed him of the revolt of the chief, of the 
Maguire's directions to raise an army from Gallagher 
(O Gallchubhair) and Bohill (O Baoighill) and the three 
Sweenys (Mac Suibhnes), and to proceed to Glenn 
Dha Chon, which I take to be in the vicinity of the 
Dogs near Derrygonnelly. A milk cow or heifer was 
to be given to every soldier before the campaign, and 
the constables of the county were to accompany the 
host to punish the rebel lords. There was more 
feasting and the ** choicest of strong drink." 

O'Donnell swore by the shrine [the Cathac* or 
Battle Book, preserved in the Royal Irish Academy] 
to avenge the violence and rebellion offered to his 
brother, and summoned the hosts of Tyrconnell, who 
numbered 700 armed men, and the constables swore 
allegiance to him as to their own lord. It is reported 
that GioUa 'losa said — 

"Come ye with me, good people," said he, "now on this 
propitious occasion and time, for I will not demand a day or a 
night of your service until I give you your reward before you 
-engage in service. 

And then O'Domhnaill said, "Do you, my good' friends 
set out on these conditions of the son of the king of 
Fearmanach and with my blessing: and know you that it is my 
instruction to you to follow every direction that GioUa 'losa 
Ma Guidhir will give you until you return ; to behave towards 
him as you would behave towards me, if you found that I 
was expelled from Tir Chonaill." 

Then their constables or leaders said — "Beloved son of 
Donn Ma Guidhir, be not anxious or afraid that we shall not 

* A shrine was an ornamented box or case in which to i^reserve some of 
the Gospels or Scripture, and was regrarded with great veneration by the Irish. 
Three of the oldest in Ireland are the Domuach Airgid, a silver shrine, yins. 
wide by sins, high, which contains on it traces of the word ''Cloachar," the 
shrine of' Cumdach of St. Molaise of Devenish, and the I^ough Rrue Shrine, 
taken by a fisherman from the bed of lyough Krne, who brought it to the 
writer, and he had it sent to Mr. Thomas Plunkett, M.R.I.A., who placed it ia 
the keeping of the Royal Irish Academy, 

1247] 'I'HE MAGUIRES. 37 

"be true and faithful to you, for we will swear to you that we 
will be as faithful to you as we would be to O'Domhnaill as 
long as we shall be with you in this way." 

Each soldier then received his cow or heifer, and 
the 700 of them were driven to Tyrconnell by 
"wage-earners ;" while the army marched to Toora. 
Giolla 'losa seized the head of every house of the 
Flanagan country, and then proceeded to teach the 
Muldoons a lesson, and encamped the first night in 
Lurg on the top of Gleann Dorcha or what w^e know 
as Shranadaroe. 

Muldoon was wilier than Flanagan. Learning of 
the arrival of the heir- apparent of Fermanagh, 
Muldoon, M'Grath, and the other nobles brought 
plenty of food and drink ('* mild intoxicating 
beverages ") with them and bade Giolla 'losa welcome, 
but Giolla 'losa was no fool when he said — 

"But then, OMaoladuin, I will not accept that tribute 
from you as long as my brother lives; for much disobedience 
and sedition have been reported of you, people of Tuath Luirg, 
and of yourself in particular, and it is my advice to you to g 
yourself now to Port Dobhrain [Maguire's residence at Knock- 
ninny] with that tribute and to tender to him your apology, for 
I will not desist until I break you off from your disobedience ; 
for I promised my brother that I would not leave the head of 
a house or of a tuath behind me in Fearmanach whom I would 
not bring to him, as well as to obtain his tribute from them 
with or without their consent. And, therefore, OMaoladuin, go 
you to my brother and let Ma Graith be with you, for he is a 
chief adviser to him and let him report the state in which this 
country stands." 

So there was more drinking and merriment after 
the roystering fashion of the time, and the Gilsenans, 
the (?) Dewanes (Duibhin), Shannans, M'Anaspies and 
other chiefs of other tribes took note ; and the army 
proceeded to Craobh ni Fhuadachain, or the modern 


Crieve Hill ; and O Shannean and Fodaghan entertained 
the visitor with "choice meats" and "every sort of 
intoxicating beverages." But Giolla 'losa was not to 
be humbugged. He said - 

I "I will teacli you not to be disobedient in future in the 

matter of paying your tribute every time you ought to pay it." 

And he ordered them to meet him at Port Dobhrain, 
their lord's royal residence at Knockninny. Thus he 
went round the seven baronies of Fermanagh ; and on 
the appointed day all the chiefs assembled at Knock- 
ninny, and were received with the customary hospitality 
of eating and drinking. Subsequently, when they 
offered payment o^ tribute, Giolla 'losa said it would 
not be accepted without an eric [compensation] for 
all that had been slain by the reason of the 
insubordination, and he threatened to send them to his 
prison in I^ough Oughter until his brother had 
received every penny due. So they swore on the 
shrine to repay all, and there was more feasting, and 
nights were spent, we are told, " in drinking ;" and 
therefore we have no difficulty in recognising how 
the Irish people were given to these drinking habits. 
Up till this time The Maguire had not made 
peace with Flanagan, who was the origin of the 
revolt : so the other chiefs interceded on his behalf, 
and an eric was imposed upon Flanagan of 700 milk 
cows for the 700 men who had come from Tyrconnell, 
and to renew the oath of fealty, and the Flanagans 
obeyed. Then there was renewal of the feasting, and 
numerous banquets "to the high and to the lowly, to 
the laity and to the clergy, to druids and ollambs in 
the royal household," and in particular to the 
Tyrconnell (Tir Chonnail) party. Then we are told— 

1247] '^HE MAGUIRES. 39 

The same day GioUa 'losa returned to the royal mansion 
of Port Doahrain, where his brother was, and having entered 
he did not rest till he came to the sleeping chamber in which 
Maghnus was ; and he sat down on his bed post and what he 
said was: "Dubhruach, brother," said he. "That is right now,'* 
said the lord, "and do you give help to make merry." "I 
certainly will," said GioUa 'losa. And then GioUa 'losa ordered 
the players in general to be assembled in their presence in 
the sleeping chamber, Thereupon there came druids and good 
players and those skilled in every composition and the 
musicians of the royal household and they played bouts highly 
melodious and harmonious on the strings of peaked harps, and 
they recited the poems and comic songs of their elders and 
their ancestors for them ; and they set to drinking and 
enjoyment in each other's company in remembrance of those 
good friends who had left them the day before. 

For three days and nights the feasting continued, 
and The Maguire named his half brother to be his 
successor, which Giolla declined to be, as the young 
heir was living ; but the King defined certain lands 
for his heir, pointed out that he was too young to 
hold the chieftainship and appointed Giolla *Iosa as 
having his " right and sway over this county of 
Fearmanach from this day onwards, and do you weld 
together these tuaths and enjoy them." 

The position of Giolla in this interview was a 
noble one, and he undertook to fulfill all conditions 
imposed upon him. O Breislin (historian to Maguire), 
and O'Cassidy (physician to Maguire) wrote a poem 
in honour of the occasion. And Giolla 'losa and the 
young heir ruled Fermanagh for three half-years till 
the old King died, and Magnus the son of Donn 
was no more. 

At this period the O'Donnells must have been 
princes over nearly all West Ulster, for in 1281 Donal 
Oge O'Donnell is spoken of by the Four Masters as 
"lord of Tirconnell, Fermanagh, and Orgeall [or Oriel 


or Monaghan], and of the greater part of the Irish, 
of all Ulster, and nearly of all Connaught, with the 
entire of Brefney [in Cavan] on the other side." His 
over-lordship of Fermanagh at this time receive some 
support from the fact that at the battle of Disirt-da- 
Chrioch, on the borders of Donegal and Tyrone, he 
had in his army among the minor chiefs the Chief 
of Ivurg (Fermanagh), Giolla-an-Coisde O'Muldoon, and 
Dowal Mac Gilfinen, chief of Muinter Feodhachain 
in County Fermanagh. In this battle the O'Donnells 
were defeated by the O'Neills, and henceforward the 
O'Neill, known as the Earl of Ulster, became the 
prince to whom the lord of Fermanagh owed 
sovereignty, as dynast: But the O'Donnells "sailed 
with a fleet of long ships and boats on I^ough Erne " 
to Enniskillen in 15 14, after the lapse of nearly three 
centuries to regain their former sovereignty, and they 
subdued the country. 

The first Maguire is referred to in the Phillipps- 
Betham M.S., (written in 1719) which had formerly 
belonged to Sir Thomas Phillipps, Bart, Ulster King 
at Arms. It deals with the County of Fermanagh 
and *'the Ancient Families of the same." At page 42 
it recites regarding the Three Collas already referred to — 

CoUa Mean had noe heires to succeed but Colla tha 
Clirioch, of whom we design to place our chiefest discourse 
relateing ye antiquity of this county of fferm. He was blessed 
with many good offsprings and families, as first Maguire of 

It was from this, the youngest of the Three 
Collas, that the Maguires were descended, and the 
ninth generation in descent assumed the surname of 
Uidhir or Guire. 

The Maguires appear to have grown from having 

1247] '^^^ MAGUIRES. 4 1 

been petty chiefs of a clan or district to the control 
of the country, for we read that in 1302 Donncarrach 
Mag Uider (or Mac Guire) as being the first lord of 
Siol Midir (the Clan Maguire) **^V^ Fermanagh." Next 
in order came Manus, Gill Patrick and Cathal (Cathal 
Oge was compiler of the Anjials of Ulsiet.) In 13 10 
we find a Macraith Maguire designated as the " tanist 
of Fermanagh," or the heir presumptive to the 
lordship ; and in the year 1327 there is definite 
mention of the death of Flaherty MacGuire as ** lord 
of Fermanagh ;' in 1355 of Hugh Roe Mac Guire as 
occupying the same rank ; and in 1369 Philip 
Mac Guire* is described not only as lord of Fermanagh, 
but as **lord of the seven districts," meaning perhaps 
the seven baronies. In 1375 Art is spoken of as " son 
of Maguire," or The Maguire, and as "of Fermanagh" 
no longer ** i?i " Fermanagh. 

The O'Donnells were over lords of Fermanagh 
till about or near the 13th century, though they 
claimed the right later. We may draw the inference 
from a battle fought at Dreche (supposed to be 
Draga, near Newtownbutler), that the Maguires came 
under the dominion of the O'Neills in 1379. Niall 
More (or the Great O'Neill) fought against Mac Guire, 
who was supported by difierent clans, and defeated 
the Fermanagh Chieftains. Philip's son, Cuchonnachtf 
was, apparently, the first of a name which became 
henceforward a family name. He was slain by the 
Clan Donnell of Clankelly. Life was held very cheap 

• I suspect that this Philip is the same as is referred to by the Four 
Masters as Philip of the Battle Axes. 

t Cuchonnacht in Irish means a warrioi of Connaught. One Anglicised 
form of this word is Connor, and another is Constantine. It was a " Connor" 
Roe Maguire became the first Baron of Enniskillen, and a Constantine 
Maguire resided at the Manor House, Tempo, so late as the early part of 
the 19th century. 


in those days. Cuchonnacht's son John went on the 
invitation of the people of the barony of Tullyhaw to 
their county in Cavan in 1431, and he was 
** treacherously" slain by one of the clan M 'Govern. 
The word " treacherously " figures frequently in the 
A finals of the Four Masters to describe the manner 
of death of various Irish notabilities, which gives a 
shock to those who have been accustomed to hear 
the Irish chiefs described as patterns of chivalry and 

In his article " Gleanings " &c., in Ulster Journal 
of ArchcBology Lord Belmore states that not only did 
the Castle of Enniskillen but the Castle of Monea — 
[previous to the building erected by Malcolm 
Hamilton] — belong to Hugh Neinagh Maguire, [pro- 
bably a son or younger brother of Thomas More,] 
who died at Cork on the 3rd August, 1428, on the 
night of the day on which he had returned from a 
pilgrimage to the Shrines of the Saints in Spain. 
This MS. refers to the various branches of the 
Maguires, their retainers &c., and states that 
*' Ballycassidy " was given to O'Cassidy, who was 
Maguire's approved doctor of physic; Ballyhosa to 
O'Hosa, who was Maguire's chiefest poet or bard ; 
Bow to O'Ffelan, who was chronologer to Maguire,'* 
so that Maguire was a prince of some state in his way. 
Thomas Maguire (or Maguire More) lord of 
Fermanagh described as the Giolla Dub, and as having 
been "a man of unbounded hospitality to rich and 
poor, a founder of monasteries, chapels, and many- 
images ; a defender of his territory against aggressors ; 
a man beloved both by the laity and clergy for the 
justness of his government," died in 1430, having lived 
longer than most heads ot Irish septs in that period 


of tribal warfare. He was succeeded b}^ his son 
Thomas Oge, who had a curious experience in the j^ear 
1439. It seems that The Maguire was taken prisoner 
by Donal Ballach MacGuire on his own island of 
Inis Ceathleann (Enniskillen). A certain Philip 
MacGuire had been held prisoner by The Maguire, 
and Donal Ballagh* took the chains off the prisoner 
and bound the chief with them in his own 
castle.f When Henry O'Neill heard of the imprisonment 
of his friend he marched to Port- Abla-Faolain, where 
he met both Donald and Philip, and their prisoner. 
Maguire was liberated, hostages were received in his 
stead, and the castle of Inis Ceathleann was delivered 
up to Donal Ballach Maguire. 

Thomas Oge then regained his castle, but gave it 
over to Philip in 1442, a period when to judge by 
the raids and depredations and wars neither life nor 
property were safe from relative or stranger. Philip 
took part with the O'Donnell and the sons of Hugh 
MacGuire in burning Sligo in 1445 and slaying 
MacDonagh, lord of Tirreril [Sligo], and many others; 
but Thomas Oge remained lord of Fermanagh, and 
presumably regained command of his castle. He 
proceeded on a pilgrimage to Rome in 1450 ; and 
his brother, Donogh Dunchadhach, within a week of 
his departure proceeded to the residence of his 
brother's son, Cathal, at Cnocnindidh (Knockninny), 
and, having plundered the place, brought Cathal to 
Gort-an -Fheadain and slew him there ; and he then 
proceeded to TuUyhunco in County Cavan to attack 
Edmond and Donagh Maguire, where he eventually 

* Donal was finally slain by John, son of Philip Maguire, and was buried at 
Lisgoole, see page 17. 

tThis is one of the earliest references to the castle. 


made peace with his kinsmen ; but Edmond finally 
took Donogh Duncadhach at Glangevlin by surprise, 
on his way towards Fermanagh, and brought him to 
Aghalurcher, where he cut off one of Donogh's 
hands and feet for the murder of his nephew Cathal. 

This, however, was only one of several reprisals 
among the MacGuires.* The Four Masters record 
several instances of cousins making war on and 
killing cousins. Within the few years from 1450 till 
1477 five of the prominent MacGuires were killed by 
their own relatives, and two of them were 
" treacherously " dealt with. In addition to these, 
in 1481 Torlogh was "treacherously" slain on the 
5th October in his own castle by Donogh Oge 
MacGuire, his own cousin ; and next year the 
murderer, Donogh, was himself ''killed by the cast 
of a dart," a favourite method of dealing with an 
enemy in Irish feuds. Three years after Gillpatrick 
Maguire was '* treacherously " killed by his five 
brothers at the high altar, at Aughalurcher ; and 
this murder led to a bloody family feud. 

Thomas Oge, lord of Fermanagh, died in 1480, 
and was buried, according to his own request, in 
the monastery at Cavan. His son, Rossa, bishop of 
Clogher, died in 1483, and was interred at 
Aughalurcher, else he might have become The Maguire. 
Gillpatrick's death at the hands of his own brothers 
led to the nomination of two of the family for the 
chief ry — ^John, the son of Philip, and grandson of 
Thomas More ; and Thomas, son of Thomas Oge, 
also grandson of Thomas More. They were second 

• 111 1500 Owen Maguire killed his two nephews, James and Redmond, 
sons of his brother Donogh Oge. In 1531 Owen MacGuire was slain by his 
own brother, Edmond. 

1503] THE MAGUIRES. 45 

cousins. Apparently the various Clans Maguire 
favoured the claims of Thomas, for John collected a 
force and made war on his own kinsmen, and slew 
many of them, and took others prisoners, on the 
13th September, 1484 ; and in the same year the 
sons of Edmond Maguire, made war on another 
kinsman, five of w^hom he slew, and took two other 
prisoners ; and depredations were made by the same 
sons of Edmond next year on their own clansmen. 
Edmond, therefore, established his lordship, having 
removed all who opposed him, but in i486, and he 
resigned the lordship in favour of John, son of 
Philip Maguire. 

To further illustrate the nature of the family 
and times, the Four Masters narrate that Donn 
Maguire was "treacherously" — [another case of 
treachery] — killed in the doorway of the church of 
Aghalurcher by six of his own uncles ! ! Indeed, 
the characteristic of these Maguires seems to have 
been a passion for slaughtering each other. There 
were more of these family feuds and killings in 
1499 and 1500. 

John Maguire, lord of Fermanagh, grandson of 
the GioUa Dub,* died on a Sunday in April, 1503 
and was buried, according to his own request, in 
the monastery at Donegal. 

Edmond Maguire appears to have succeeded as 
chief, preceding Cuchonnacht, who took part in many 
fights and forays. He became through his father 
Cuchonnaght, the great grandson of Philip, lord of 

• One rf the most worthy of the chieftains of Ireland in his time, and 
most merciful and humane Irishman, and who best protected and defended 
his territory and estate, the most vahant in war ag-ainst opposing- tribes and 
distant enemies, the most distinguished for good government, laws, and 
regulations both in Church and country.— ^««a/s oj the, Four Masters. 


Fermanagh and has been described as the most 
distinguished of the race of Clan Colla that had lived 
for a long time, and who had brought all the county 
from Clones to the river Krne at Ballyshannon under 
his jurisdiction. He, like many others of his name, 
was ** treacherously " slain by some of his own 
clansmen at the Island of Friars, and his body was 
buried first at Devenish and afterwards removed to 
Donegal. Much burning and plundering took place 
in the county once his authority was removed. He 
was succeeded by his son John. The Castle of 
Knniskillen was taken and destroyed by Manus 
O'Donnell, who in 1542 conferred the chiefry of 
Fermanagh again on John, when John submitted 
himself to the powerful Tirconnell noble, who in 
order to put down the outrages in Fermanagh, bound 
Maguire to pay an eric (fine) for every person who 
was killed throughout the entire country. At this 
time O'Neill was the only Earl in Ulster, Karl of 
Tyrone, and to obtain the title had to abandon his Irish 
name and customs, use only English dress, and 
manners, and language, and keep no kerns [light 
armed troops] or galloglasses [heavily armed infantry]. 
In 1565 Callogh O'Donnell signed a treaty with 
Sir Henry Sidney, by which he resigned certain rights 
to Queen Elizabeth, and in return received assistance 
from the Lord Deputy to regain several castles w^hich 
had been seized by O'Neill. The compact appears to 
have been observed till 1587 , until fear of young 
Hugh Roe O'Donnell's desire for independence led to 
his being captured by Sir John Perrott and confined 
in Dublin Castle, which made him dislike the English 
all the more, and when he escaped in 1592 he showed 
his mettle. It was in the castle of Ballyshannon that 

1597] '^^^ MAGUIRKS. 47 

Hugh O'Donnell received his son, Hugh Roe, when 
he had escaped from prison. 

In the year 1593 Sir Hugh Maguire, who had 
raided Connaught, attacked the town of Monaghan, 
which held an English garrison ; and Sir Henry 
Bagenal and O'Neill of Tyrone are said to have 
followed Maguire and inflicted a defeat upon him at 
the fords over the Erne at Belleek* on October nth. 
Bones of skeletons have been found in recent years 
in the ground near one of the fords, which Mr. John 
Beacom pointed out to me. 

Wright in his History of Ireland gives a picture 
of the Maguire country being invaded and ravaged in 
1562 by Shane O'Neill, because the Maguire of the 
day refused to admit his sovereignty. The destitution 
of the country induced Maguire to seek the help of 
the Earl of Sussex, and to beg the I,ord Deputy to — 
**Send me word if ever I shall have any succour 
against this O'Neill. 

Driven out of a large portion of his inheritance, 
Maguire soon after repaired to the Deputy, and was 
apparently encouraged by his counsels ; but im- 
mediately on his return he was subject to a fresh 
invasion, and complained again by letter of 25th 
November [1562] that "the last journey that Shane 
O'Neill made into this country, with the help of Hugh 
O'Donnell, they left neither house nor corn in all 
my country, nor sentory [sanctuary] unrobbed ; but 
there are certain islands in my country, in which islands 
stand all my goods. But yr. lordship shall understand 

• One ford used above the watertfall at Ballyshannon was named Casan-na- 
g-cuiaidh (the Path of the Champions) where Red Hugh was drowned ; there 
was the ford of Athseanaigh ; another half-a-mile west of Belleek, the ford of 
Ath-cul-nain ; and another ford under Laputa, which was commanded by a 
small fortress, part of the walls of which may still be observed on the 
south bank. 

48 HISTORY OF ennise:ii.i,kn. [1607 

that Hugh O'Donnell has prepared and provided 
twelve boats for to rob and waste all those islands, 
and Shane O'Neill is coming by land, with all his 
power, so that I cannot escape, neither by water nor 
by land, except God and yr lordship do help me at 
this need ; for I do presume to God and yr Honor 
that all my country are against me, because of their 
great losses ;" and he adds — *' If the said Shane should 
take the possession of any country once into his own 
hands, I do promise you that he would give enough 
to do to all the Queen's subjects to get him out of 
this country ; and, furthermore, all the North of Ireland 
will hold with him for fear to be handled as I am." 

In 1597 a large military force, consisting of as 
many as 22 regiments of infantry and 10 of cavalry, 
assisted by the forces of some of the Irish nobles, 
amounting in all to 4,000 men, was sent under the 
command of Sir Conyers Clifford, Governor of 
Connaught, to reduce the castle and power of the 
lords of Tyrconnell, but the English were defeated, 
and many were destroyed in trying to cross a 
dangerous ford of the Erne named Casan-na-g-Curaidh, 
immediately above the waterfall from their camp at 
Mullinashee. The English are said to have lost 600 
killed. It was also said that the garrison consisted of 
only eighty men, who were commanded by a Scotch- 
man, Capt. Owen Crawford. 

Red Hugh O'Donnell also defeated another English 
force at a ford on the Avonmore, and went to Spain 
in 1602 for the purpose of inducing the King of 
Spain to send an army with a fleet, which likely led to 
the coming of the Spanish fleet to Kinsale; but Red 
Hugh died on the loth September in that year, and 
his body was buried with pomp at Valladolid, Spain. 

l602] THE MAGUIRKS. ^ 

Within five years however, the English, under 
Captain Digges, aided by a cousin of O'Donnell named 
Niall Garv O'Donnell, marched on Ballyshannon castle, 
and were provided with heavy ordnance for the purpose 
of the attack ; and in 1602, the very year which saw the 
absence and death of Red Hugh, the castle was taken, 
and the power of the O'Donnells broken. After that 
came the flight of the Earls in 1607, and the confiscation 
of the territory of the Earls of Tyrconnell. Then 
followed the entrance of the FoUiotts, as *' governors 
of Ballishanan."* 

* Sir Henry Folliott was raised to the peerage as Baron Folliott on 22nd 
January, 1619. He got charge of the castles of Ballyshannon and Bundrowes, 
and the salmon and eel fisheries became his property. 

The town of Ballyshannon was incorporated under a charter of James I. 
on March 3rd, 1613, the local authority being "the Portreeve, Free Burgesses, 
and Commonalty of the town of Ballyshannon " The town returned two 
members to the Irish Parliament but it was disfranchised at the time of the 
Union, when ^^15,000 were paid to the Earl of Belmore as compensation. 

In the calendar of State papers of James L, 1606 to 1608, at page 402, 
is the statement— "Sir Henry Folliott has the government by letteis patent, 
It is continned in the establishm^ent, with the fee of ten shillings per diem. 
There is under this government the whole county of Fermanagh." 

O'Donnell, lord of Tirconnell, usually maintained a force of i,«;oo foot and 
of 300 horse; and of these about 200 foot and 40 horses were kept at his 
castle of Ballyshannon The ancient castle, which was specially placed to 
control the ford, occupied the site of the present market yards, and a portion 
of the ancient wall still remains, about five feet thick, to tell of its location. 
The Castle " park," a phrase embodied in old leases, stretched to the top of 
the hill. O'Donnell's territory extended westward to the river Drowes, which 
divided it from the province of Connaught. 




O'Neill went to visit Queen Elizabeth about the 
ist November, 1561, and, probably to regain his 
sovereignty over the Maguire country, expelled The 
Maguire, who died in the lyord Justice's army on the 
29th September, 1566. He was well spoken of by the 
chroniclers of the period, and was succeeded by his 
brother Cuchonnacht. This Cuconnacht, lord of 
Fermanagh, is reported as having attended the Parlia- 
ment summoned to meet in Dublin in the May of 
1585, and was distinguished for his profound learning 
in Latin and English. 

When Lord Deputy Sydney led an expedition to 
attack the forces of Shane O'Neill in a crannoge near 
Omagh, setting out for the purpose from Drogheda 
on the 17th of September, 1566, he mentioned in his 
report parenthetically: — 

By the way, in the day's march died Magwier, to no 
small prejudice [of your] Highnes service, for had he lived 
but 20 days longer, this journey should have recovered more 
land and more castles to your Highnes' obedience from the 
rebel, than are left with him, which now remain in doubtful 
suspense — namely, Magwiere's country, called Fermanaghe, for 
that Kuconnoghe Magwier, the second person to him that is 


dead, and be indeed that according their custom ought now 
to be Captain, and natural brother to the last, was, before his 
brother's death, in company with O'Neill, and under arrest 
and guard, as it is said. 

And yet, when the army was in that country, we were 
advertised that he had gotten into his country, and bare a 
devout mind to your Majesty. But whether he will more 
regard the lives of his pledges than the liberty of himself, or 
the fear he hath of the tyrant than the duty he oweth to you 
his sovereign, we much doubt ; and the more that we cannot 
have commodity to treat or pursuade with him. But great 
confidence hath O'Donnell in his loyalty, who is brother by 
the mother's side unto him, as he was to the other Magwier, 
and in proof of his good meaning saith that he did write to 
the ward of Inyskillen — the strongest hold in all Fermanaghe, 
and such a one as cost Seane almost 1,001 of his men's lives, 
and yet went without it — that they should render it to 
O'Donell if he came for it, but we saw no means how, during 
this journey, to possess it ; for O'Donell without the army 
could not go to it ; and after the death of Magwire, and the 
advertisements aforesaid known, when we were nearest to the 
castle, it was not possible for us to approach it, being about 
30 of difl5cult ways to pass, our victuals scanting sore upon 
us, and utterly wanting artillery, a thing impossible to be 
conveyed in these countries by land. 

What will come of the rendering or keeping of it we are 
able to yield no assurance ; but doubtless your Highnes, 
minding the reformation of that most disordered and barbarous 
province, that is a place of great consequence, for upward from 
it a boat of 30 tons may pass by water, through the Lough 
Erne, within eight miles of the Cavan, a great town and 
castle in O'Reylie's country, which Cavan is distant from Kells 
but twenty miles of open and plain land, and Kells is an 
English town within the English Pale, and from thence down- 
ward a boat of far greater burden may pass to Ballyshanen, 
where there is a rock which traverseth the river, and is not 
to be defended by any boat, albeit the river runneth over. 
But to the best of that work the sea floweth eighteen feet 
plum, so as from that work to the sea, through the great 
water of Asserowe — ^where there is a good harbour — there wanted 
not so much water to convey any vessel at every tide into 
the sea. — (From documents in Public Record Office, London, and 
reported in the Kilkenny Archceological Society Proceedings 1870.) 

This Cuconnaght Maguyre, " captain of his cation,'* 

52 HISTORY OF :eNNlSKII,I,EN. l'^5^7 

had held under a grant of 1567, to be Captain of 
the County of Fermanagh, on payment of a fine of 
100 cows to the Deputy, delivered at Cavan. Of this 
grant Cuconnaght had made a surrender, and obtained 
a fresh grant " of the whole country of Fermanagh, 
alias Maguire's country in the province of Ulster." 
The conditions of this grant (of 1585-6) stipulated 
that it was 

To hold to him and to his heirs for ever by the service 
of two knight's fees, — rendering yearly to the Queen, as soon 
as he shall be discharged from contribution to Tirlagh O'Neile, 
captain of his nation, £120 English : and rendering to the 
Deputy two [a cast] of good goshawks. He shall answer to all 
hostings with 20 horsemen and 80 footmen armed ; of which 
footmen 30 shall be good shot, and the East Kerns, with 
victual for 40 days to serve in the Province : and to general 
hostings to serve in other parts of the Kingdom, 10 horsemen 
and 30 footmen, of whom 15 to be armed as shot, for 40 
days. He shall not maintain traitors. When his country is 
made a country, he shall aid the Queen's officers there. He 
shall form it the free tenants in the country to enjoy their 
lands, then rendering the rents and services accustomed. He 
shall, when required, retain 80 men with victuals and tools, 
to serve in any part of the Province for 6 days. He shall 
deliver to the Queen's forces, when within his country on her 
service, sufficient cattle at the Queen's rate. Provided he fulfil 
these rents and services, and the orders of the Deputy, he 
shall have a moiety of the goods of felons, forfeited recog- 
nizances, and of goods of outlaws, waifs and strays ; and also 
shall have a Court Baryn and view of frankpledge within the 
country. All tenants within the country shall hold of 
Cuconnaght and his heirs by military service, by such part of 
a knight's fee as the Deputy shall order. All which courts, 
tenures, and privileges, the Queen wills shall be established at 
the next Parliament. (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1585-6, No. 
4809, and date of 17th January.) 

Old Cuconnacht left three sons, Hugh (afterw^ards 
Sir Hugh MaguireJ, had died in arms near Cork when 
surprised by English troops under Warham St. Ledger; 
Cuconnacht (died 12th August, 1608) and Br>^an (of 


Tempo) died in 1655. Connor Roe claimed the sovereignty 
by reason of the seniority of Connor Oge. It ran this way : 
I . Thomas More 


Thomas Oge 








Connor Oge 




Connor Roe of Derryheeny 




Cuconnacht (Old) 

(Died in i.^jg) 


1 ^ 

Hugh, Cuconnacht, Brj^an (of Tempo). 

Killed i5g9-i6o« d. itth Aug. 1608 d. 24 Apl. 1683 

Hugh, however, was elected chief of Fermanagh, 
and arranged for the ceremony, according to the 
custom of his ancestors. 

The Maguire, according to tradition, was sometimes 
inaugurated as I^ord of Fir-monach on the top of 
Culciagh* Mountain, which overlooks the valley of the 
Krne country, and for this reason we assume that 
Culciagh now inside the border of Cavan or Breffny, 
must have been within the domain of The Maguire. 
Sir Bernard Burke, describing the ceremony of in- 
stalling the chief in office, says that the Chief himself 
stood before a stone chair of state : the laws were 
read to him by the Brehon, the oath was administered, 
and the blessing given by the Coarbf of Clogher ; the 
white wand of sovereignty w^as placed in his hand, 
the standard unfurled, and the slipper put on, when 
amid the clang of bucklers, the music of a hundred 

* Because Dr. O' Donovan says so, I give the statement, but I take it with 
the proverbial grain of salt. Cultiagh [Quilkiagh] mountain was difficult of 
access, within the Breffny territory, and so far away from lyough Erne as to 
be unlikely to be used as the crowning place. The high moat at Uisnaskea 
was used "for the purpose, we know : so also may have been Knockninny ; 
and whether Cultiagh, involving four days travelling, and far apart from the 
facilities for feasting, I entertain doubts. Nor was Cultiagh in Clogher diocese. 

t A Coarb or Corbe was an ecclesiastic not as high in dignity as a bishop, 
who presided over the inferior clergy. In the Cathedral he had a stall in the 
choir, and a voice in the chapter. Sir John Davys, in his report on Irish 
ecclesiastical arrangements, ascertained through inquiries at Devenish, also 
says that : " This lordship was in a manner hereditary ; for though the 
Corbe were ever in orders, yet was he in this Irish country usually married." 


liarps, and the ringing cheers of thousands of the 
Clan Mac Uider, he was proclaimed " Th:^ Maguir^.'* 
Sometimes this ceremony took place at Sciath- 
Gabhra-an-tSainridh, near Lisnaskea; and Hugh a son 
himself of Maula O'Donnel, sent to his kinsman 
Donal O'Donnell, son of Hugh O'Donnell, to come to 
his aid to assist the tribe of Philip MacGuire as 
against the other tribe, so that he should be appointed 
chief. Connor Roe had the aid of the chiefs of the 
upper part of Fermanagh, and left his leathas or 
documents at the place that he would be chosen as 
chief on the next day.* But Donal O'Donnell and the 
other chiefs confirmed the title of Fliath (prince or 
chief) on Hugh Maguire, who afterwards turned out 
to be one of the greatest soldiers of his time. Sir 
Hugh appears to have been a warrior of the type of 
whom bards loved to sing and of whom chroniclers 
related deeds of prowess — an ideal chief of his period, — 
always fighting, and he died, as he had lived, fighting. 
When O'Dugan in the Fourteenth Century sang of 
the Chief of Fermanagh, he described The MacGuire 
of the end of the 15th and beginning of the i6th 
century : — 

MacGuire is leader of their battalions, 
He rules over the mighty men of Monach, 
At home munificent in presents, 
The noblest lord in hospitality. 

Blind Teigue O'Higgins sang of the greatness of 
the Maguire when he went to see the famous court 
of Enniskillen by the blue hills, and how beyond all 
dreams was the bright reality. From afar the blithe 

• O'Grady, catalogue 431, Manuscript in the British Museum. (Poems of 
tTeigue Dall O'Higgins, 1554-1617.) 

1590] THIS MAGUnm CHIBFRY. 55 

Uproar of the chase greeted him, wolf-dog and grey- 
hound in field and wood, and the horses trying their 
speed. By the mansion the masts of the Lough Erne 
flotilla stood as a grave along the shore. The court- 
yard was thronged with gentlemen of the Clan-Colla, 
who dispensed largesse ; the hall crowded with 
minstrels and poets; ladies and their women in 
another room embroidered rare tissue and wove golden 
webs ; "of wrights a whole regiment is there — of 
artificers also, that finish beakers — of smiths that 
forge weapons ; mantles and rugs are taking a crimson 
stain, swords are tempered to a right blue, spearheads 
riveted to shafts ; * pledges ' are enlarged, others 
again brought in ; gallant men hurt are tended by 
the leech, brave men uninjured are being damaged."* 
Part of the day was spent in listening to romances, 
in comparing genealogies ; there was drinking and 
music : and so much to see and hear that the 
full day seemed but an hour till at even they sat in 
due orders for supper. 

Fighting men were to be seen on all sides 
pervading all the house ; as they sat in their own 
quarters each man's harness hung ready above his 
head, for those were the days when Sir John Perrott 
was out, and Bagenall, and the terrible captains 
Merriman and Willis, to break up the patrimony of 
the tribe, to burn the corn in field and haggart, to 
hang the freeholders at his door and ** plant " a 
soldier on his land, with sheriff and provost- marshal 
to protect him. At night couches were strewn for the 
gentlemen with down covers. A short nap and 
Maguire was heard with his picked men in harness 

• Punishment of malefactors must be intended. 


making ready to ride at break of day, returning with 
wounded prisoners, lowing cattle, things of price, — 
the spoil of an English camp, of a foreign planter's 
fort, of the house of an Irish renegade who for gain 
had taken the foreign oath and found himself under 
foreign guard. 

The Maguires were famed for husbandry, 
crafts and commerce that occupied the men of Ennis- 
killen (sic). It was such markets as these that the 
English legislators deplored, exhorting all English 
traders to clear out of them, and by a rigid boycott 
down those busy Irishmen to ruin. 

Speaking of a fleet of boats for merchandise, he 
writes (p 12) of the " Lower Erne where at Enniskillen 
the masts of Maguire's fleet stood as it were a grave 
along the shore." 

So sang the poet of Enniskillen Castle. 

Writing of the Maguires and learning the 
Four Masters wrote of a Cuconnaght Maguire as "The 
unhappy Cuchonnacht, born in an evil day to see his 
fair land scorched and withered before the firebrands 
of English troops and parcelled out by their measuring 
rods, was a learned scholar in Latin and Irish, and 
lord of munificence after the tradition of the 
Fermanagh chiefs. (Four Masters p. 1875 ; cf. O'Grady, 
Cat. 449 n i.) 

Hugh [The] Maguire did not wait long after the 
ceremony at Lisnaskea to flesh his sword. Sir George 
Bingham, Queen Elizabeth's Governor of Connaught, 
did not receive the whole of the Queen's rent from 
Breffney (Cavan and Eeitrim) in the May of 1593. 
Bryan O'Rourke replied that he was not liable to 
pay any rent on waste land. In reply. Sir George's 
soldiers seized Bryan's milk cows for payment, and 

1594] '^^^ MAGUIRK CHIEFRY. 5^ 

O'Rourke plundered two territories in revenge, 
MacGuire thought he would imitate the chieftain of 
Breffney, and set out on a predatory expedition, quite 
a common thing in Irish history in those days. He 
marched his force past Culciagh mountain and past 
the Dowra of to-day, along the eastern shore of Lough 
Allen, into the plains of Roscommon where MacGuire's 
cavalry detached and pursued a party of the Governor's 
soldiers until Sir Richard was reached, when he 
turned the tide of battle. Then the hunted became 
the hunters, and pursued Maguire and his party, who 
escaped, leaving the Archbishop of Armagh and the 
Abbot Maguire dead amongst those that were slain. 

This battle took place on the 3rd July, 1593, and 
led to the conclusion of an alliance between MacGuire 
and O'Rourke, who were also joined by the MacMahons 
of Monaghan, and they jointly carried on a war 
against the English during the summer. 

Sir George Bingham determined to punish 
MacGuire, and the Lord Justice organised a large army 
from Leinster and Munster to march into Ulster, at 
the same time ordering Bingham, the Governor of 
Connaught to meet him" at the river Erne The Lord 
Justice handed over command to Sir Henry Bagnall, 
the marshal of Newry, and to Hugh O'Neill, who at 
this time w&s in alliance with the English. The lord 
of Fermanagh heard of the advance, sent his property 
and cattle into Donegal for security, and marched his 
forces along the western bank of the lake till both 
forces met at a ford described as Ath-Cul-Uain [Query — 
Coratistune]. The English possessed artillery, so that 
the Irish had to give way, and O'Neill, having dis- 
covered the ford, crossed at the head of his cavalry, 
but w^as severely wounded by an arrow discharged by 

c 2 

58 HISTORY OF mNNISKItl^EN. [l594 

one of MacGuire's men. MacGeoghagan says that 
MacGuire rallied his forces and defeated the English^ 
but the Four Masters state that Maguire was defeated, 
and that O'Neill took much spoil from Fermanagh, 
after leaving some companies in the country to aid 
Connor Roe, who, still claiming the lordship of Fer- 
managh, was hostile to The MacGuire. 

Sir William Fitzwilliam, the Lord Deputy, was not 
satisfied to permit things to remain in that condition. 
MacGuire was too powerful an antagonist to be 
permitted to harass the English and must be crushed ; 
so he organised another large force in the February 
of 1594, and, marching unperceived through the 
intervening territory, laid siege to the castle of 
Inniskilling, — of all of which fuller details will be 
found in the succeeding chapters. 




The picture of the assault on Inish-kellin castle 
in February 1593-94, '* made and drawn by John 
Thomas, solder," gives one of the earliest representations 
of this stronghold on I<ough Erne. The original is in 
the British Museum. 

The inaccuracy of the outline of the island is 
obvious; but it shows other things not inaccurate. 
The Castle was surrounded by water : the ground of 
the present " Royal " or Main Barrack and square was 
also surrounded by water [as shown by "A dycke 
cutt] : the Cherry [Piper'sJ island was occupied ; the 
summit of Windmillhill and the slope of Toneystick 
hill, afterwards the Cow Green, were utilized as 
" campes," or forts : and a gallows was placed on the 
highest point in the island. (The scale is placed up- 
side down about Cornagrade hill.) Thus the three 
important hills commanding the island were occupied, 
for Derryhara hill was too distant for the field guns 
of that date to be of much service. It will be 
observed, too, that Captain Bingham had two boats at 
"The Passage to ye Hand,** commanding the ford of 
what is now the East Bridge ; and the lower islet 


of Inish-Cethleti with stakes shown close to it. The 
picture also shows the "cottes" fitted with scaling 
ladders with 30 men, and ** the greate bote with 67 
men " for entering the breach. The Sally [or Castle] 
island appears to have been flooded at this time of 
high water, February, as it does not appear ; and we 
know from a letter of the I^ord Deputy of 15th 
January that — " There has been a great deal of rain 
this season, more than the I^ord Deputy has known." 
Hugh MacGuire, the Lord of Fermanagh, desig- 
nated as Sir Hugh Maguire by Queen Elizabeth, is 
depicted by Sir R. Lane, writing from Dublin to the 
Queen's Secretary of State, Lord Burghley, as having 
" 600 or 700 beggars with him " and looking tor more 
out of Scotland ; that his greatest stay [strength] was 
the Castle of Enniskillen. Manus M'Shane O'Rourke 
having played the spy upon Maguire, wrote to Sir 
Richard Bingham, saying that Maguire had not more 
than 500 men, and had many cows — [an Irish chiefs 
property consisted chiefly of cows] — in the islands 
along the lough side, and that he would come out 
with his forces to help the British, and guide them 
on their way. How Captain Dowdall fared is made 
plain by the following letter from Captain Dowdall of 
26th January, 1593-4, as found among the State papers 
(vol. 173, No. 17, iv.) : — 

Right Hono : I had a draught the 18 of this instant 
moneth [January 1593-4] uppon the Traitors uppon the LogH 
on Ulster side, below Iniskellen, and was guided by the 
messing' that yo" sent me, who discharged his dutie honestlie, 
at the w'^'^ tyme we tooke 700 cowes from the Traito", and 
putting out a troope of loose shott Maguire came in a cott 
towardes them, thinckinge it had bene his owne companie, 
but discovered by a shott, and fledd, and twoe of his men 
in the same cott were slaine, and at w*^'^ tymes we tooke a 


sconce, and w^'^in a small Logh, and put the defend*^ to the 
sworde, and burned the same. 

Cap^" St. Leger's companie came unto us, and Cap®^ 
Willies, and Cap®" Fuller w*^^ their companies, leaving a guarde 
at the Cavan ; and also were at the taking of the prea. The 
24 daie we passed Iniskellen, where we were provoked to land 
men by reason of certein sconces and stakes w'^^ they had 
made to hinder the passing of o'^ boate, w'^^ night wee did 
incamp right over against them. The 25 we intrenched and 
placed o'' shott w*'' in one calyver shott of the Castle, and in 
the same night we placed o"" three Faukonets, and had iiii 
boats w*^ them before the writinge of this Ire [letter] upon 
their battlem" and higher fights, the ordynnce being of small 
force, yet I trust that God will blesse o"^ accons, and 
o' canoniers of small skill. All o' prea we keepe for 

Our companies here I assure you are verie weake and 
yo"^ Hono"^ [The Lord Deputy] I hope will take order that they 
male be relyved to gather their strength, as you shall under 
stand their state more in my next Ire. Wee had an intent to 
scoure the Logh donewarde, but we were prevented by their 
insconcem* , w*^'* we did surprise, and were loth to forge them. 

I had notice that S' Richarde Bingham would come 
w*** 200 men on thoth' side, but as yet he is not com. I have 
taken in sundrie p'sons upon yo'' Ho. direccons, and o"" bysnes 
hath been such that I could not well make my booke orderlie, 
but yet shall be made and sent by the next. Thus moste 
humbly taking leave, I commit you to God. From o' camp 
at Iniskellen this xxvi^'' daie of January, 1593, yo"^ Hono*^, &c., 

John Doudall. 

[Endorsed] "a copie of Cap*** Doudall's Ire of the 26 
January, 1593, rec primo February, 1593.' 

Evidently, the Maguire held his Castle well, and 
made it hot for the besieging party, and Dowdall 
pleaded the weakness of his force, and its need of 
rest, and he looked for help. The help came to him 
on the 30th January, 1593-4. Captain George Bingham 
arrived with 300 soldiers, probably from Manor- 
hamilton ; and Dowdall reports his victory by letter of 
the 2nd February, at the same time asking that more 
soldiers be sent to him, and stating his suggestion 
for the garrisoning of ** the Castle of Eniskillin :" — 


Righte Honable, my approved good Lo : the 9 dale of 
O' siege of Eniskillin, wee did assault the said Castle by 
boates, by engins and by Sapp, and by scaling the gott the 
Barbican, and after had the Castle, w"='^ Castle is nowe (our 
good God be praised) in her Ma*^ hand, with smale losse. Nowe 
I do intend to p'cede in ransacking of all their sconces* they 
have in their Loughes and Hands wheresoever, and that I 
hope, w**^ in these 10 daies, they shall not saie they have 
anie one thing in Fermanaghe that they holde against her 
M"«* pleas' . For them that have her Ma*^ word by yo' 
hono'^ direction, I have not that leasure co make upp their 
bookes to send unto yo^ Lordship. But I will do it as soone 
as I maie, at w^^ time I will certefie yo' Hono"^ of all o' 
p'cedings in p'ticuler. 

The 30 daie of January, S' Richard Bingham sent 300 
soldio" and kern on the othside of the Loughe undre the 
conduct of Cap*"" George Bingham. My good Lo: o'' com- 
panies here are verie weake, not hable to continue in the 
field aine longer, wherefore I moste humblie praie yo"" Lo : 
that there maie be some oth' companie or companies sent in 
these parts, untill such time as these men may be gotten to 
some good place to relieve themselves, and gett them apparel, 
whereby the maie gath"^ their full strength. If it maie be to 
yC hono" good liking, I will put into the ward of Eniskillin 
thirtie of o' companies, Tenn out of everie companie, and I 
will laie upon the countrie for the defence thereof. Fuller's 
companie to lie upon the creaghtst of the said cuntrie, and to 
be borne by them w*"*^ I do think w*^ the help of the Loughes 
and Hands wilbe sufficient for their defence, untill Marche be 
past. Maguire his force is viii horsemen and sixteen footemen, 
and they were of late at Cloghar in Tirone. Thus praieng 
yo"^ hono*^^ spedie answere, I moste humblie take leave. At 
the Castle of Bneskillin, the first daie of o"" entrie being the 
second of Februaiy, 1593, — Yo"" Hono'^ to be commanded, 

"John Dowdall." 

(Endorsed) "a copie of Cap*" Dowdall's letter." 

In what manner Captain Bingham took the castle 

•A Sconce, such as that which still exists on the Broad or "Great" 
Meadow, Euniskillen, was an earthwork for defence. 

t Creaghts in Ulster were a community of relatives in a sept, and the title 
was used both towards the herd ot cattle as well as to the creaghU who herded 
them. The cows were common property. A cow was value at this time at 
about 15 shillings, a g-arron (or horse) at 26s 8d, and a sheep at is 6d. 
Sometimes a rent was paid for a cow at 4s a year; and rent might be paid 
partly in money and partly in provisions. Cows were counted each May and 
November, which probably accounts for the present Irish rent paying terms 
being at these times. 


of "Iniskillen" on the 2nd of February 1594, Connor 
O'Cassidy, " late messing to the Traytor Maguire," 
made the following " declaracon :" — 

The said Conno'^ saieth that on Satturdaie, the second 
of February, Cap®™ Doudall attemptinge soundry meanes to 
take the Castle of Iniskellen, did bestowe one houndreth men 
in the greate boate (w'='^ he caused to be covered with hurdells 
and hides) and amongst them this Conno' , who did guid 
them close to the wall of the Barbecane, where w*^ pykeaxe* 
and other instrum'^ they made a breach and entered the 
said Barbicane, uppon •w'^^ entree the warde of the castle 
betooke themselves for their safetie to the castle, but beinge 
threatned by the Cap*™ and such companies as entered to be 
blowen upp w**> poulder unless they did submit themselves, 
the p'ntly [presently] set open the dores of the castle and 
came forthe, and yelded, being in number xxxvi fighting men, 
and women and children about 30 or 40. There was no one 
souldio' of all the companies killed by the warde, but onelie 
twoe hurt by their shott. He saieth he came from thence on 
Sunday last, and left the Cap*" and his companions there. 
This Connor is the messinger that brought the Ires from 
Cap'" Doudall. 

[Endorsed] "A copie of the messinger's Declaracon, 2nd 
February." . 

The last report of Captain Dowdall on this subject 
is one of the 7th February, which gives particulars of 
the assault, and taking of the Castle, and of his 
scouring of the islands of the I^ower I^ough towards 
*' Bealiche " LBelleek] . 

The letter below gives fuller details of the 
attack on the Castle and how it was carried : — 

Right Ho : and my verie good Lo : The 23 daie of 
January, having o' boats, ordinance, munition, and victells 
soe Inecessarie as wee could in that quantetie that we might, 
w'^'' was small, we marched forward towards Iniskellen, and in 
o' way came to the camp, where I did appoint Cap** St. 
Leg' , Cap*° Wyllies', and Cap*" Fuller's companies, and the 
next daie we came before the Castle, where wee did encamp, 
and the 25 day we did intrench aboute the said castle, and 


placed the said night 3 Faucons, and the next daie we 
battered their spikes, flankers, and upp fights. 

The 29 daie Cap^" George Bingham* came uppon thoth' 
side, where I mett him, and prickt oute his campe, and 
assigned his trenches ts lay his small shott, and placed 3 
Gabyons, between the w'='^ I placed that night the Fauconet, 
and the Rowbenet to Flancke from that mount [this would 
be the hill where the military hospital now stands] the inner 
syd of the Barbicane, to defend o' assaultants. The fine 
(? end) of January wee made o' boate w"* a deck foorth and 
af ( ? fore and aft) and placed uppon that hurdells, and hides 
upon the same to the prefF of musket, and alsoe we prepared 
an engyn of timber to be driven upon wheeles unto the gate, 
and skaling ladders. The second of this instant we elected 
oute of ev'ry companie vii men of good sufi&ciency, besydes 
the Cap®" of the boate, maryners, and rowers, w'^^ made 
iii^'^iii men (three score and three men) and we had iii'"' of 
like eleccion, which stood in a squadron upon the Island to 
second them (as I should have said bef9re) having never a 
good canonyer, and the engyner sent beifig sicke. Three 
gentlemen of my companie, one named Thomas Browne, I 
made him Cap*" of the boate, and alsoe was forced to use 
him as canonyer to batter, Lykewyse George Flower as a 
Canonyer, and alsoe Rob^ Hewes for a canonyer on the 
further side, w*** Fauconet and Robbenet. These 3 made 
soundrie good shott and slew certain men through their 

I found out a sufficient man named Henry Harp, one of 
S"" George Bourchier's companie, and also one Randoll 
Eggerton, one of Sir Henry Wallop's Companie, whom I did 
imploy as engyners : Delyv'" ing them crowes of Iron, and other 
Instruments, and caused them to mak a shoore, assigning 
them in the Barbicane where they sholde myne through the 
wall to make a breach where five men might enter on front 
(? abreast) w"^'^ thing they did verie sufficieutlie p' forme w*in 
one hower and halfe, all w*^'^ tyme wee laied upon them w*^ 
ordynance and small shott, and killed xi of them through 
their secret fightes, and soe the boates arrived landing her men 
at the breach, and two cotts landing men on the other side 
with skaling ladders, so made their entree through the breach, 
and the rebells set twoe houses on fyre w*''in the Barbicane, 
w^** made o' men retract during the furie of the fyre, in w'^'* 
tyme they burned the water gate, and the fire being somewhat 
staied, they most valiantlie made their entree at the breach 

• Afterwards Sir George Bingham, Governor of Connaught. 


and water gate, and alsoe opened the bridge gate, and beat 
upon the spikes and dore of the castle, and extended to fyre 
the same, upon the w*"** the rebelles craved a parley. 

Thus was the Maguire's Castle of Enniskillen 

The perils of the sea to the small ships of this 
period are illustrated in a letter of the Lord Deputy 
of February 7th from Dublin Castle to Burghley, 
concerning the Castle and the messenger, O'Cassidy. 
Three times were his messengers driven back by 
contrary storms from Holyhead :— 

Some of the letters now sent by this bearer, my servant 
Skelton, have been 4 times on the sea . . . But he shall 
now the 5th time attempt his passage with such men as shall 
content her Majesty and your Lordship ; and that is the taking 
of the traitor's late Castle of Enniskillen. That your lordship 
may know how O'Cassidy, an ordinary messenger of Maguire's 
and of his father before him, came to be an instrument in 
achieving of this service, it may please you to understand that 
Maguire, feeling his declining estate, sent him with letters to 
the Bishop of Meath [Thomas Jones] and to me, craving mercy 
in some manner. My Lord [of Meath] very dutifully appre- 
hended him and sent him to me, craving mercy in some 
manner. I presently threatened to hang him for his pre- 
sumption, but he promising to do some service if he might 
be pardoned, I accepted his offer, and sent him to Captain 
Dowdall in a handlock, with another, to the end that he 
might be forthcoming and hanged, if he failed in performing 
as much as he undertook ; and how well he hath acquitted 
himself I humbly refer to the enclosed letters and declaration. 
He prays for some money for the relief of the soldiers who 
have deserved so well and endured so much in this hard 
winter season. 

Captain Dowdall remained ten days in the Castle, 
repairing the breaches, strengthening the doors, and 
making it ** wardable." He " elected " a constable 
[James Cursall] with 30 soldiers, laid in three months' 


victuals, and awaited the coming of " Marshall 

The Maguire did not tamely submit to the loss of 
his stronghold. He speedily wrote to and obtained 
assistance from Hugh Roe O'Donnell, lord of TirconnelU 
and attempted to regain it forthwith. He com- 
menced the siege of his own castle on the ist of 
June, and with such vigour that Kccarsall was put to- 
his wits' end to retain the Castle. As this defence 
forms a most interesting chapter of the Castle's history 
I will quote what the Warder has to say for himself 
in a report to the I^ord Deputy and Council :— 

Maguire and the Earl of Tirone's brother, Cormick 
M'Barron, with about 600 horsemen and 1,400 or 1,500 foot, 
came into the country with intent to take the castle of 
Enniskillen either by treachery or force. Failing to do so, 
some of them passed over the ford at Lisgoole* to prey on the 
west country. Eccarsall managed the great boat, with a 
"robbinet" in her prow, and rowed up the river till he almost 
came there. The Irish fired on him. He sent the boat home, 
the river being not very broad owing to the fall of the waters 
and the boat open and unprovided [with shelter] , and went 
ashore within the island, with 20 shot [musketeers] and 
skirmished with them until they were glad to retire. He 
played on them that day with a falcon and falconet [guns], 
mounted upon platforms, and with the " raboneth " in the. 
boat, and killed and hurt divers of them. They camped about 
the next day and night, and kept themselves more closely 
than before. 

Three weeks pass, and on the 8th June the- 
Warder writes again to the Lord Deputy Fitzwilliam 
and Council that the Castle was besieged by Tirone's 

• This sentence conveys that, as already indicated, that the now woody 
height of Drumsna, opposite Killyhevlin, was called by the general term of 
I,isgoole. This spot was originally intended as the site for Enniskillen. (See 
footnote page 8.) Lord Belmore says that by a chart in his possession dated 
i8i8, the ford here would be almost three feet deep at low water. It was- 
at this place the weirs were fixed which, removed for the navigation of the 
lake early in the nineteenth century, gave the local application of The Weirs- 
to it. 


force, and asking relief. On the nth June he wrote 
to Sir G. Fenton, and made mention of the wicked 
practices of Maguire by draughts, ambushes and 
treachery. On 26th June 1594, Kccarsall managed 
to get a message through the besieging lines to 
Walter Bradie, the Constable of Cavan, saying that 
Maguire had a strong camp by the forde of Lisgoole 
[at Killyhevlin strait], and beseeching food for his 
:garrison. In consequence Walter Bradie sent a spy to 
<iiscover Maguire's strength at Lisgoole, and this 
T^orthy one, Denis M'Skollog, or O'Skalcon, reported 
that Maguire had 1800 or 1900 men there, and that 
the creaghts [shepherds in time of peace and cattle 
drivers in time of war] — of Fermanagh had for the 
■most part returned. 

The Earl of Tirone appears to have been playing 
A double part. Apparently in reply to a letter of 
complaint from the Lord Deputy that he had lent 
assistance to the Maguire, his lordship writes on 29th 
July that his brother and O'Donnell had gone to 
Fermanagh to guard their creaghts, and he had 
signified to them their Lordships' pleasure that they 
should leave Maguire. He wrote again on 8th August, 
that he would go himself to Fermanagh, when he 
heard of Sir Richard Bingham going with a force to 
relieve the Castle. 

It was a case of the Siege of Derry, only a 
century earlier. The garrison had been reduced to 
living upon dogs, horses, cats, rats, and salt hides, 
and the last horse was to have been slaughtered and 
divided among the garrison the next day. The Lord 
Deputy reduced the strength of the garrison from 40 
to 30, deeming that enough for its care and for the 
"*' service of the boats," and re-provisioned the Castl6 


for six months, leaving cattle there, and biscuit, cheese,, 
salt, and malt. His Excellency found the castle to be 
*' by building " of an extraordinary strength, according 
to the manner of building in Ireland, which " was 
not for defence against the greater artillery fire." 

Lord Fitzwilliam had been succeeded as Lord 
Deputy by Lord Russell, and he wrote on 15th 
January, 1594-5 to Lord Burghley, the Queen's Secretary 
of State, that if forces were not sent to Enniskillen 
the North would be lost. 




We now come to the battle of Drumane or of the 
Mouth of the Ford of the Biscuits. The Lord Deputy 
caused a force collected from Meath and Connaught, 
with prisoners, under the command of Sir Henry- 
Duke and Sir Edward Herbert, sheriffs of Cavan, and 
Marshel Foal to proceed to the aid of Eccarsall, 
and they marched by way of Belturbet along the 
western shore of Upper Lough Erne. Sir Hugh 
Maguire had his spies abroad, and learned of the 
enemy's approach, and chose his scene of action at the 
ford of the Arney river, close to the present Drumane 
bridge. Philip O'Sullivan Beare gives a detailed 
account of what followed, speaking of the respective 
armies of Catholic and Protestant, another of the 
many indications of the religious nature of the 
struggles of those unhappy days. O'Sullivan Beare 
says : — 

Duke halted not more than 300 paces from a ford on 
the Arney River, where after nightfall he was suddenly over- 
whelmed by Maguire and Cormac O'Neill with a dense shower 
of leaden bullets discharged from muskets, against which he 
also sent his musketeers. Thus, both parties fighting at a 


distance, the Queen's people were deprived of sleep by the 
danger and report of the muskets. On the morrow, after the 
break of day, Duke, drawing out three lines, supported by 
flank companies of cavalry and musketeers, because he had a 
great baggage of garrons, which carried the provisions, of 
asses, and camp servants and followers ; these he divided into 
two parts, placing the one between the first and second line, 
and the other between this and the last. Having drawn out 
his soldiers in this manner, he advanced from the camp, his 
soldiers overwhelmed with sleep from the last night's wakeful- 
ness, he was frequently compelled to stop short by the Catholics 
continually hurling darts at them, and to remove them in 
turn to a distance. At the eleventh hour of the day he came 
within musket shot of the Ford of Arney, where he ordered 
his horsemen to dismount, because the place was not fit for 
a cavalry engagement. 

Here Maguire and Cormac O'Neill, with 1,000 foot, con- 
tended with all their might. Their musketeers first fought 
bravely with the first line, aud ultimately not only their 
musketeers but their pikemen press on. But the first division 
opening a way with the sword and dividing the Catholics on 
both sides, enter the ford. In the meantime, the Catholic 
musketeers who fought with the last division, drove the wings 
of the Protestant musketeers into that division, and by a con- 
tinual discharge of leaden bullets caused a trepidation amongst 
them, and their ranks being now disturbed, the Catholic pike- 
men rushing forward completely threw them into disorder, and 
they co-mingled with the first division of the lines: they 
afterwards drove them into the central position. Here the 
middle division underwent a double struggle : the one by 
arranging the last division, the other by resisting the Catholics; 
but the Catholics by pressing on threw both into confusion, 
and driving them through the other part of the baggage, 
confounded them with the first division. So the whole army 
being thrown into disorder, entered the ford with confused 
tumult, leaving behind the provisions and all the baggage, 
having saved their horses only, which were of great moment 
to the horsemen. 

Duke held a consultation to see what was next to be 
done. He decided that George Bingham, jun., should return 
home, lest all should perish of hunger, and meet the same 
fate as the defenders of Enniskillen, whom they were not 
able to relieve. On the other hand. Marshal Foal foolishly 
exclaims and protests that they should relieve the Royal Fort. 
The place where the Protestants had stood was encumbered 
with great moisture, where the horses, being stuck in the 


mud, could be of no use. He was therefore wounded by the 
Catholics with the greater impunity. For this reason Foal led 
forth the wing of the Musketeers against the Catholics, that 
he might remove them, while the army should again be drawn 
into array. But sooner than begun he desisted, being pierced 
and slain with a lance, by which the whole army of the 
Protestants was thrown into consternation; having deserted 
even their horses, they returned to the ford which they had 
recently crossed, without any command, from which they were 
driven by the Catholic Musketeers, who partly seized upon the 
baggage, and partly blocked up the ford. 

Now, being doubtful as to what counsel they should 
adopt, they betake themselves in quick course to another ford, 
which they observe a bow-shot higher on the river, and pre- 
cipitate themselves into it before it could be seized by the 
Catholics. But in the ford, which was deep and entered with 
such celerity and trepidation, about one hundred soldiers were 
drowned, over whose bodies the others crossed it. A few of 
the Irish followed the Protestants, whose paucity they 
despising, stood for a short time, while Duke, the commander 
of the English army, with other leaders of companies, cast off 
their arms and clothes to their shirts, by which stripping, 
however, not sufficiently lightened for running, he is dragged 
along between four Irish horsemen of his followers. The 
Catholics, turning their attention to seizing the baggage, 
allowed them to escape from their hands, flying and tremblings 
for the few who had followed them across the ford returned 
immediately. In this conflict somewhat more than four hundred 
persons perished by the sword and in the river. Horses, a 
great pile of arms, and all the baggage were taken, among 
which a vast quantity of biscuits, found strewn in the very 
ford, gave new a name to the place. The news of the Royal 
army being defeated and routed having spread abroad, the 
fortress of Enniskillen, beseiged by O'Donnell's men, sur- 
rendered, the defenders being dismissed by agreement, and it 
was again restored to Maguire, 

Other writers give a different version of the 
capture. I^ewis's Topographical Dictionary states that 
the garrison, after holding out to the last extremity 
being compelled to surrender, were inhumanly 
slaughtered by the assailants, who pleaded the like 
cruelty on the part of Bingham, when he took it, as 
a justification for their revenge. 


Sir Henry Duke and Sir Richard Herbert fled 
back to their own county of Cavan, and writing from 
thence on loth August, 1594, informed the I^ord 
Deputy of their ** severe repulse by shot and Scots, 
when attempting the relief of Enniskillen. They are 
glad that they escaped alive, considering the immense 
number of the enemy." Maguire captured with the 
castle, three falcons (or cannon) with their carriages 
and "ladies." 

The success of Maguire in driving back the 
relieving force, wrote Sir Richard Bingham on 19th 
August towards Enniskillen, was *' very insolent and 
proud. It were most dishonourable to suffer so many 
of our countrymen as are in Kniskillen to have their 
throats cut." And then he fastened responsibility on 
the man who was showing another face to the Lord 
Deputy, by saying — *'The siege of Bniskillen is the 
Karl of Tirone's action, although he be come in in 

Lord Deputy Fitzwilliam got a force together, and 
led it in person, accompanied bj'- some of the Privy 
Council, and after a rough and difficult journey by 
way of Athlone and Boyle, and there joined by the 
Connaught forces, they relieved the Castle of Ennis- 

It is impossible to overlook the fact that the 
Ulster chiefs complained bitterly of the oppressions 
inflicted upon them by government officials, and it 
was for this cause Lord Deputy Fitzwilliam was 
dismissed from office, and Bagenal, who was bitterly 
complained of, died at the Yellow Ford. The Carew 
Manuscripts have preserved to us the complaints of 
the Ulster chiefs, first of whom in importance was 
O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone; second, O'Donnell, Earl of 

1594] '^H^ ^^^^ PRINCE OF FERMANAGH. 73 

Tyrconnell, and third, Sir Hugh Maguire, baron of 
Enniskillen. It is well to quote what Maguire has to 
say in his complaint of 1593, as he speaks for the 
loyalty of his predecessor and himself: — 

1. His predecessors have been of long time loyal subjects. 
When Fermanagh came into his hands he began therein a 
most dutiful course of obedience : and when first he went [to 
Dublin] after being placed in his father's room, the late lord 
deputy and council gave him special letters of favour, that 
neither the Bingham nor his other bordering neighbours 
should molest him, but assist him in his lawful causes. Yet 
Sir Richard Bingham [the English Governor of Connaught], 
and the rest of his name in Connaught, came with forces and 
arms into his country, burned it, killed divers men, women 
and children, and took from him 3,000 cows beside 500 garrons, 
and mares, and certain women prisoners whom he was fain to 

2. Magwire sent letters to the lord deputy and council 
to desire restitution, and they addressed letters to Sir Richard 
Bingham and the rest for causing amends to be made; but 
the said Binghams came forthwith into Fermanagh at two 
several times, and prayed Magwire of 6,000 cows, besides much 

3. Captain Henshawe,* seneschal of Monaghan, came 
several times with his forces to places in Fermanagh called 
Clankally and Cowle [now the baronies of Clankelly and 
Coole], captured 3,000 cows, and killed men, women, and 
children ; but Sir William Fitzwilliam caused no redress thereof. 

4. In the several sheriffships of Sir Henry Duke and Sir 
Sir Edward Harbert in Co. Cavan, they killed and preyed 
Maguire's tenants in Knockclangorie, the Coole [Coole] , and 
other places, to his and their damages of 3,000/ ster. 

5. Afterwards, the said lord deputy being in Monaghan, 
Magwire obtained faithful oath and promise that he should not 
be charged with sheriffs or other officers in regard of his 
coming to do obedience, for one whole year ; for which grants 
he paid as a bribe to his lordship and others 300 beoffs [fat 
cattle] , besides 150 beoffs to the marshal [Bagenal] ; but 

• Mr. Hill's note on this request gives the recommendation of Captain 
I^e that Henshawe (the new seneschal) be removed, his place to be taken 
by Sir George Bouchier, and to assist Sir George that Sir Henry Duke, 
sheriff of the county, be placed in the Abbey of Clones (now in the Queen's 
hands^ with a company of light foot, and a band of 100 more to be there in 
garrison. The abbey of Clones was aferwards let to Sir Francis Rushe, but 
ultimately restored to the Irish proprietor, Sir Brian McHugh Oge McMahon. 


Captain Wallis having Captain Fuller's band and other com- 
panies with him, was sent with commission to be sheriff there, 
and preyed the country. They cut off the head of the son of 
Edmond McHugh McGwyre, and hurled it from place to place 
as a football.* These hard courses compelled him to entertain 
forces to repulse the said Wallis, and his companies, whereupon 
ensued the proclaiming of himself and his followers, and their 
banishment out of the country. 

Two other infamous officers with Wallis were named 
Coulk and Fuller, "whose behaviour," says he, "being such 
as a well-advised captain of the kingdom would not admit 
any officer of that company." 

Sir Hugh's aunt was mother of Hugh O'Neill, 
Karl of Tyrone, and he was fully as proud as his 
cousin. When Lord Deputy Fitzwilliam acquainted 
him that the county of Fermanagh had now become 
shire-ground by an Act of Parliament, and that he 
must admit and recognise the sheriff to execute 
Queen Elizabeth's writs, Sir Hugh gave him a bold 
reply, which is preserved as characteristic of the 
man — "Your Sheriff shall be welcome, but let me 
know his eric — [that is, the value of the price put on 
his head] — that if my people should cut off his head, 
I may levy it upon the country." 

This laconic reply was not comforting to Sheriff 
Willis. This eric or price upon injuries, fatal or 
otherwise, was an Irish custom, and was generally 
levied in cattle. 

A second pardon had been granted to Sir Hugh, 

* mil comments on this complaint, that this account of the wicked doings 
of these officers is not overdrawn, and quotes against them an English 
•officer, Captain Lee, who expressed his indignation that Fitzwilliam should 
have employed such men. His [Fitzwilliam 's] greedy desire at that time in 
respect of his own gain, made him careless of these officers, and of those 
good servitors who would freely offer themselves : he esteeined less of the 
baser sort, as of one Willis, and such as he was, when he made captain and 
officer in the Irish countries, who with their great troops of base rascals, 
behaved themselves so disorderly, as to make the whole country to rise in an 
uproar, and to drive them out, which advantage given by those bad and lewd 
fellows to the ill-disposed Irishry, hath emboldened them ever since to land 
in no fear or subjection of your highness's state or forces there. These, and 
many the like services, as bad or worse, did Sir William whilst he had 
•authority in that place. 


** chief of his name," in 1591-2. It was shortly after 
this in 1593, Captain Willis* found himself shut up 
with his party and besieged in a church in Fer- 
managh, so that he got an inkling of what The 
Maguire had conveyed. The Sheriff was reduced ta 
great extremities, but was relieved by Sir Hugh 
O'Neill, who was at that particular time an ally of 
the Queen. 

After the castle of Enniskillen had been taken 
from Maguire, Captain Lee recommended Queen 
Elizabeth to adopt the following course, which, if 
costly, to the Maguires by the surrender of Lisgoole^ 
the Castle, and the islands, was kindly towards the 
natives : — 

For Maguire' s conntry, called Fermanolian, Sir Dudley 
Loftus with his 25 horse (whereof he also wanted five, taken 
as aforesaid is mentioned, to be restored to him), and he to 
be sent seneschal of that country ; Henry Warren, his brother- 
in-law, to be sent as sheriff and assistant unto him, and to 
have 100 footmen under his charge. Your Majesty to bestow 
on those two gentlemen (to be inhabited by them and their 
friends) all these islands upon the lough [Erne], and that one 
abbey which is in the country [Lisgoole] and the lands 
belonging to it, and the castle of Enniskillen lately taken 
from Maguire ; and the rest of that country, to remain to the 
chief men inhabiting there, so as they defray the seneschal's 
fee and charge of the 25 horse, to be levied in butter, meaU 
and beef, both for the diet and wages of the horsemen, and 
their horsemeat, in such as the Irishry themselves shall set 
down, which will be a greater proportion than your Majesty 
would demand. 

Maguire did not long enjoy the use of his 
recovered stronghold. The British knew that the 
Castle of Enniskillen was essential to their hold in 

• This ofl5cer's descendants are stated to be the Willis family, now ot 
Moneen, Florencecourt, of whom the senior representative is Mr. William Willis* 


Ulster. Indeed, so much did they reason one place 
reacted on another that they held the loss of The 
Blackwater on the i6th February, 1594-5, involved the 
loss of Bnniskillen, and Enniskillen commanded the 
pass to Con naught. The Erne, writes Sir Calisthenes 
Brooke, four years later, under date of 20th May, 
1598, is " the convenientest place of garrison to hold 
the people on both sides to obedience — a strait between 
those countries ; and at all times if the Kingdom 
were in rebellion, it may be victualled." 

About this time or the next year of 1595 Maguire 
wrote to the Queen asking forgiveness, and protesting 

that his disloyalty proceeded not from any conspiracy with any 
domestic or foreign enemy, or of malice towards her Majesty, 
but through hard wages, yet he craves pardon for himself and 
his country, 1. He will yield the usual rents and services. 
2. He craves that himself and all the inhabitants of his 
country may have free liberty of conscience. 3. That no 
garrison may be placed in Fermanagh, but that for the govern- 
ment hereof the like course may be taken as shall be for 
M'Mahon's country or other parts of the Irishry. 

If we are to judge by what followed the Queen 
and her advisers had either found pardons to Sir 
Hugh of no avail, or that he was too troublesome, 
for we find him again plundering Brefney O'Reilly, 
an ally of the Queen's known as the Queen's O'Reilly. 
Sir Hugh O'Neill about this time left the standard of 
the Queen, after having fought for her, and was joined 
by the O'Donnell and Sir Hugh Maguire and they 
formed a powerful trio. Maguire went out, therefore, 
again, in rebellion. He fought at the battle of Clon- 
tibret in Monaghan where Sir John Norris was 
defeated; at the battle of Kilcloony, where the joint 
armies of the Lord Deputy (Sir Wm. Russell) and 


Sir John Norris were routed with a loss of 600 men, 
and at Mullaghbrack, in 1596. The Magwire was now 
in continual warfare, and along with O'Neill an 
avowed rebel against the English government. 

Next year in 1597 Maguire was at MuUingar, 
with the O'Feeralls, plundering the English of the 
Pale ; and in 1598 he was with O'Neill and the 
dauntless "Red Hugh" in the defeat of the English 
at Bealanabay— (?) better known as Benburb where 
Marshal Bagenal and 3,000 of the English were laid 
low. In the succeeding year of 1598 Sir Hugh went 
south, with Red Hugh, in his expedition to Thomond 
or Munster, where Sir Hugh Maguire captured the 
castle of Inchiquin, and rejoined O'Donnell at 
Kilfinora, with a great quantity of spoils, having 
swept the whole country. 

The O'Neill requisitioned Maguire's services next 
year, 1600, for his expedition into Munster, and Sir 
Hugh never returned. What occurred is thus told by 
Sir Bernard Burke: — 

One day in March shortly before the festival of St. 
Patrick he went, accompanied by Telvin M'Caffrey, his standard- 
bearer, and a small party of horse, — [of which Magwire was 
officer commanding in the army] and some foot, to reconnoitre 
the country towards Cork. Sir Warham St. I^eger, Vice 
President of Munster, was informed of the movement by a 
spy, and placed a strong party in a narrow defile about a mile 
from the city. On approaching the place, Maguire discovered 
the ambush, but nothing daunted, though the odds against 
him were fearfully great, he stuck spurs into his horse, and, 
at the head of a small troop, dashed into the midst of his 
enemies. St. Leger and Maguire met ; Sir Warham discharged 
his pistol and inflicted a death wound, but Maguire, though 
mortally stricken, summoned all his strength, and cleft his 
adversary's head through buckler and helmet, leaving him dead 
on the spot. He then fought his way through the ranks of 
opposing horsemen — five of whom he killed with his single arm 


and escaped; but gashed and cut fearfully, he fell exhausted, 
and being borne to O'Neill's camp, he survived only to the 
following day, when he delivered up his gallant spirit ta 
heaven. O'Neill and the other Irish chiefs mourned his loss, 
and laid him in a southern grave. The Four Masters styled 
Hugh Maguire "the bulwark of valour and powers, the shield 
of protection and shelter, the tower of support and defence, 
and the pillar of hospitality and achievements of Orighialla 
and almost all the Irish of his time." He was the last Prince 
of Fermanagh, for none of the chiefs of the Magwires after 
his time possessed the power or property sufficient to sustain, 
the rank. 

All that we know of Sir Hugh Maguire seems to 
justify what Sir John Davys wrote of him in 1607 in 
his Historical Tracts (page -264-5) after Sir Hugh's 
death in Munster : — 

For albefit Hugh Maguire, that was slain in Munster, 
was indeed a valiant rebel, and the stoutest that ever was of 
his name; notwithstanding generally the natives of this county 
are reported the worst swordsmen of the North, being rather 
inclined to be scholars or husbandmen than to be kerne or 
men of action, as they term rebels in this kingdom : and for 
this cause M'Guire, in the late wars, did hire and wage the 
greatest part of his soldiers out of Connaught, and out of the 
Breny O'Relie — [Breffny, Co. Cavan], — and made his own 
countrymen feed and pay them: and therefore the Jury 
enquiring of Escheates found only two freeholders in this 
country, besides Hugh Maguire himself, to have been slain in 
the late rebellion. 

It was, apparently, while Maguire was in the 
South that the Castle was retaken in 1607 by the 
English and possession handed over to Captain William 

Maguire, O'Neill, O'Donnell, and the other Ulster 
lords who went into rebellion, were subsequently 
pardoned, to the great chagrin of the English servitors 
in Ireland who imagined that the Ulster lands were to 


he divided amongst them, as the lands of the Desmond 
■chiefs had been divided in Munster. O'Neill was 
received even with marks of respect at the court of 
James I. But when Chichester became Lord Deputy, 
he found flaws in some of the grants, exposed some 
of the northern earls to insults and litigation, and 
stirred up discontent to give him the opportunity he 
wanted of escheating the northern lands. The Flight 
of the Earls in 1607 played into his hLuds, and 
enabled him to accomplish his purpose. 

In 1602, according to the Four Masters, Niall 
Garv (O'Donnell) with his brethren and the English, 
proceeded in boats on Lough Erne, and took and 
demolished Enniskillen. They also took Devenish and 
Lisgoole, and left guards in them.* The O'Neills, 
who claimed the lordship of Ulster, ravaged Fermanagh 
from time to time as well as the O'Donnells. One 
State paper of the i6th century contains a memorial 
of Shane Maguire, the chief of Fermanagh, to the 
Earl of Sussex, Lord Deputy, praying for help against 
Shane O'Neill. Maguire had acknowledged the 
soverignty of Queen Elizabeth, and thereupon O'Neill 
who claimed the lordship of Ulster, ravaged the lands 
of what he deemed to be his subordinate sept, closing 
his letter with these words — "Send me word if ever 
I shall have any succour against Shane O'Neill." He 
must have been in straits at this time. Wright's 
History of Ireland, says that after Maguire returned 
from a visit to the Lord Deputy in Dublin, he was 
subjected to a fresh invasion, and complained again, 
by letter of 25th November, 1562, in which he said 

• One State paper yet preserved, a memorial from Shane Magruire 
to the Harl of Sussex, Lord Deputy, shows that Maguire, having acknowledged 
Queen Elizabeth's sovereignty, had his territory raided by Shane O'Neill in 
October 156a. 


that the last journey that Shane O'Neill made into this 
country, with the help of Hugh O'Donnell, they left neither 
house nor corn in all my country upon the mainland unwasted, 
nor church, nor * sentory ' (sanctuary), unrobbed ; but there are 
certain islands in my country, in which islands stand all my 
goods. But y lordship shall understand that Hugh O'Donnell 
has prepared and provided twelve boats for to rob and waste all 
these islands, and Shane O'Neill is coming by land, with all 
his power, so that I cannot escape, neither by water nor by 
land, except God and y' lordship do help me at this need ; 
for I do promise to God & to y' Honor, that all my country 
are against me, because of their great losses ; 

and. he adds — 

If the said Shane should take the possession of my country 
once into his own hands, I do promise you that he would 
give enough to do to all the Queen's subjects to get him out 
of this country; and, furthermore, all the North of Ireland 
will hold with him for fear to be handled as I am. 




Fiery Irish orators have spoken from time to 
time of driving out the Cromwellians, as the generic 
term for all planters of different periods in Ireland 
who obtained their lands by confiscation and the 
sword, forgetting that the rights of the predecessors 
of the planters were no better than those of the 
planters themselves — that of the strong hand. It is 
remarkable that what happened to Ulster in the 17th 
century by the Plantation of Ulster happened pre- 
viously in the 4th century, when the Three Collas — 
[Cairell, Muredhach, and Aedh] — who had been 
sojourning in Alba (Scotland), responded to the appeal 
of Muredhach Tirech, the Ard-righ or monarch of all 
Ireland, and led the campaign against the Irian 
princes of Uladh or Ulster. They led 7,000 men, 
many of them from Scotland, against Fergus Forgha, 
the Irian or Rudrician King, and for seven days the 
battle was fought at Farney in the present County 
Monaghan, when Fergus and three of his sons were 
killed, and the Ulster army cut to pieces. The 
territory of the Northern province at that time was 



bounded by the four great rivers of Uladb, the Bann 
and the Boyne, the Erne and the Finn, which is 
remarkable as being equal in extent to the five counties 
of Ulster planted in the 17th century ; but whereas the 
invasion of the 4th century included I^outh and 
Monaghan, it omitted Cavan and Donegal. 

What the Collas won by the sword the English 
w^on by the sword ; the right of the latter was as 
good as that of the former. The English confiscated 
what the Three Collas had confiscated. The Irians 
had to give way to the powerful Clan Colla or 
Oirghialla, " of the Golden Hostages," because when 
any member of the clan became hostage to an 
enemy, he was entitled to be bound with golden 
fetters during the time of duress. Some of the 
Oirghialla survived from the invasion of the 4th 
century until the influx of the English in the nth 
and 17th centuries, and the most noteworthy of those 
who survived w^ere the Maguires (Mac Uidhir) of 
Feara-Monach or Fermanagh. And now in these days 
of the 2oth century when we see the remains of this 
once powerful sept scattered, and destitute of power 
or position in the land of their fathers, the thought 
arises — how many of the conquering British families 
of the 17th century will survive in like manner for 
thirteen centuries ? 

We obtain an idea of the private estate of the 
Maguire — [quite apart from what the various MacGuire 
tribes rendered to him] — from the account of the 
inquisition held "over against the island of Devonish'* 
in the year 1606 by the Lord Deputy [Sir Arthur 
Chichester], the Lord Chancellor, the Lord Chief 
Justice, and Sir John Davys, the English Attorney 
General. In the course of the report on Sir Hugh 


MacGuire, who died in rebellion, the Davys Tracts 
state — 

It is sufficient to show of what qualis these mensall 
duties are, and for the quality thereof, in respect of the land 
out of which these provisions were taken, which being taken 
together doth not exceed four ballibetaghs (as I said before), 
yet such commodities in those parts are of little or no value, 
and therefore he never made any civil use of them, but spent 
them wastfully in a sordid and barbarous manner, among his 
loose and idle followers : besides these mensalls, M'Guyre had 
240 beeves, or thereabouts, yearly paid unto him out of all 
the seven baronies, and about his castle of Enniskillen he 
had almost a ballibetagh of land, which he manured with his 
own churles, and this was M' Guy re's whole estate in certainty, 
for in right he had no more, and in time of peace he did 
exact no more, marry in time of war he made himself owner 
of all, cutting where he listed, and imposing as many 
bonaghtes, or hired soldiers, upon them, as he had occasion 
to use. 

From the inquisition taken at Enniskillen on the 
15th of March, 16 14, it appeared that Sir Hugh 
MacGuire was owner in fee of the Slewbagh moun- 
tain [between Fermanagh and Monaghan], and also 
of the Turlew mountain. 

The care exerci&jd by the Maguires in the rear- 
ing of their children in fosterage was told thus at 
one of the Inquisitions at Devenish : — 

For noe wonder y* this honerable family did surpass 
others in princely qualities, being from their ancestors ad- 
dicted to one peculiar custome which was not observed in 
others, viz*- Maguire never admitted his children should be 
fostered or taken up by mean families, least they might 
practice or harbour any kind of ill disposition by seeing or 
hearing ill man" or course behaviour among vulgars ; but still 
taken up by the very best and chiefest families in y* country, 
soe that none of estimation in y* county was free from this 
practice, for they were held to be of least estimation who had 
not the honour of adopting these children, each taking more 
than ordinary care to breed up their own child to y' highest 
pitch of princely qualities, so that he might surpass others of 


his rank in all degrees, whereby this family consequently bore 
a great sway in manhood and magnificence, &c. 

In the plan drawn up in the year 1606 to settle 
the dispute between the two native chiefs, Connor 
Roe and Cuconnaght, it is mentioned that the chief 
lords in ancient times had a certain rent of 42 cows 
out of each barony, for Shane M'Hugh paid 21 cows 
for his half-barony of Clanawley, and O'Flanigan paid 
21 cows for his half barony of Turath [now included 
in Magheraboy barony]. The value of one cow was 
estimated at 26s 8d. As there were seven baronies 
in Fermanagh, and the rent was 42 cows per barony, 
it follows that Maguire's chieftainship or lordship of 
the county brought him in 294 cows per year, 
equivalent to a royalty or rent of £383 a year, in 
addition to the four ballybetaghs* or 4,000 acres and 
ballybetagh (1,000 acres) near the Castle of Enniskillen. 

The two reports do not differ much as to the 
number of cows, 240 and 294. In addition to this 
The Maguire quartered as many of his soldiers (very 
often out of Scotland and Connaught) as he pleased 
on his own people, and held as personal lands some 
islands in the lakes, where he sent his cattle to 

There were minor chiefs in Fermanagh who 
owned The Maguire as lord, and for the sub -division 
of land, it seems to have been the custom then, 
according to gavel -kind ; for the Attorney-General, 
wrote the Commissioners, set to find out the owners 

• A barony was supposed to be composed of 30 ballybetajirhs, and four 
ploughlands or seisreagh formed a ballybetagh. The ploughland was estimated 
at about 120 acres of arable land, not including mirsh or water; and the 
ploughland was composed of two ballyboes or tates. The tate was supposed to 
be as much grazing land as would feed 21 cows. 


of all the lands, beginning with the barony of 
Magherie Boy, ''wherein we camped."* Calling before 
the Commissioners ** certain of the clerks or scholars 
of the county" who knew "all the septs and families, 
and all their branches, and the dignity of one chief 
above another, and what families or persons were 
chiefs of ever}'^ sept, and who were next, and who 
were of a third rank, and so forth," they took upon 
them "to tell what quantity of land every man ought 
to have by the custom of their country, w^hich is of 
the nature of gavel-kind, whereby as their septs or 
families did multiply, their possessions have been 
from time to time divided and sub-divided, and broken 
into so many small parcels as almost every acre of 
land hath a several owner, which termeth himself a 
Lord, and his portion of land his country." These, 
then, were the minor Chiefs, such as the head of the 
0*Flanragans, Muldoons, O'Cassidj^s, &c. 

But, we are told, ** M'Guyre himself had a chiefry 
over all the countr}^ and some demesnes, that did 
€ver pass to him only who carried that title — [in 
addition to the 5,000] — ; so was there a chief of every 
sept, who had certain services, duties, or demesnes, 
that ever passed to the tannistf of that sept, and 
never was subject to division." 

We obtain the names of the septs into which 
Fermanagh was divided at this time, and of the 
district which these occupied, from a survey made of 
the county in the summer of 1603, as given in the 
Ulster Inquisitions, Preface p.p. xviii-xl. Thus in the 
l>arony of Knockninny were situated the Sleught 

• I conclude that the site of the camp must, therefore, have been in the town* 
land of Tally. 

+ The tannist was the chosen or elected successor of the chief, not o< 
necessity his eldest son. 


[Sliocht descendants] Gilpatrick Maguire, the Sleught 
McArt Maguire, the Clann-Corrj^ the Sleught Edmond 
Maguire, the Sleught Doon i Maguire, the Clandonnell 
O'Comenshee, up the Covill by east of Lough Brne. 
The leading freeholders and families in the barony of 
Magheryboy were the sept descended from the Brian 
Maguire, the sept descended from Bdmond Maguire, 
and the sept of the O'Flannigans. The principal 
freeholders and families in the barony of Clmawley 
were the sept descended from Tirlagh Maguire, the 
septs of Senawley, Montery Doelan, Clancanon in 
Muintirflodoghan, and the sept descended from 
Donnell Ballagh Maguire. In the barony of Cla7ikelly, 
the chief freeholders and families were the sept 
descended from Donnell Calvagh Maguire, the sept 
known as the M'Donnell or descendants of a chieftain 
called Donnell Maguire, and the sept McMulrany. 
The chief freeholders and families in the barony of 
Magherastephaiia were the sept Connor Maguire, the 
sept Flahertie Maguire, the sept Brian MacConnor 
Oge Maguire, the clan M[?ag]inis, the clan Gaffrey, 
the Clan Brian Maguire, and the clan M'Gillrevagh. 
The barony of Lurgue contained, as chief freeholders 
and families, the sept Kyny Maguire, the sept 
McMuldoon O'Lurgue, the sept James Maguire, and 
the sept Rory Keogh in Collome Kearmony [Maghera- 
culmoney]. The half barony of Covill [Coole], (to be 
distinguished from Coville, or Coollenerer, in 
Knockiiinny) contained the principal freeholders and 
families of Clan Art, the sept of old Tirlagh Maguire^ 
the sept Carbery Maguire, and the sept Shane Maguire. 
The half -barony of Tyrca7inada had, as chief families, 
the Shane Clancannada and the Muinter Kariffonda. 
{Ulster l7iq2iisiHo7iSy Preface, p.p. xviii-xl.) 


When the Commissioners of Plantation held an 
inquisition at Devenish near Enniskillen on the i8th 
September, 1609, they had a jury sworn regarding the 
Maguires and their property, and local customs. The 
jurors on that occasion were - (i) Dounell McGuire, 
-deane of I^ogherne ; 2, Shane M'Hugh ; 3, Brian 
O'Corchran ; 3, Owen O'Flanigan ; 5, Brian McThoraas; 
6, Shane McKnabbe McGuire ; 7, Rorie O'Corrigan ; 
8, Patrick McDonnell ; 9, Patrick M'Hugh McGuire ; 
10, Brian McDoile McCabe ; 11, Cormocke O'Cassidie ; 
12, Hugh O'Flannigan ; 13, Gillegaire O'Hoane; 14, 
Richard O'Hoane ; 15, Cahill McGuire. 

These men were obviously natives, and thus re- 
ported — 

Uppon their oathes that old Coconnaght McGuire did 
in the late Queene Elizabeth's time, surrender upp to the 
crowne the whole countrie of Fermanagh als McGuire's contre, 
as by the record thereof appearethe, unto which record the 
•said jurors doe herein refer themselves, and that thereupon 
the said late Queene did, by letters patents under the greate 
seale of Ireland, re-grant unto the said Coconnaght an estate 
of inheritance in the said countrie, by virtue whereof the 
said Coconnaght was seised, and being soe seised thereof died, 
and that by and after his death, the said countrie descended 
to his Sonne Hugh McGuire, who was likewise thereof seised, 
:and that the said Hugh McGuire being so seized, was slaine. 
in actual rebellion against the said late Queene Elizabeth. 

In the Calendar of the Patent Rolls, Anno 1585-6, 
No. 4809 (4032), 17 Jan., xxviii. Eliz.. there is 
recorded the 

grant to Cuconnaght Maguire, Captain of his nation, of the 
whole country of Fermanagh, alias Maguire's country, in the 
province of Ulster, and the manors, lands, rents, services, and 
other hereditaments appertaining. Recites his surrender No. 
4682 [1 June, xxvii. Kliz., made with the intention of its 
being re-granted to him. — Signed, " Macwyre."] To hold to 
liim and his heirs for ever by the service of two knights' fees. 


rendering yearly to the Queen, as soon as he shall be 
discharged from contribution to Tirlagh O'Neile, Captain of his 
nation, £120 English ; and rendering to the Deputy two (called 
a cast of) good goshawks. He shall answer to all hostings 
with 20 horsemen and 80 footmen armed ; of which footmen 
30 shall be good shot, and the rest kerns, with vitual for 40 
days to serve in the Province : and to general hostings to serve 
in other parts of the Kingdom, 10 horsemen and 30 footmen, 
of whom 15 to be armed as shot, for 40 days. He shall not 
maintain traitors. When his country is made a county, he 
shall aid the Queen's officers there. He shall permit the free 
tenants in the country to enjoy their lands, they rendering 
the rents and services accustomed. He shall, when required, 
retain 80 men with vituals and tools, to serve in any part of 
the Province for 6 days. He shall deliver to the Queen's 
forces, when within his country on her service, sufficient cattle 
at the Queen's rate. Provided he fulfil these rents and services, 
and the orders of the Deputy, he shall have a moiety of the 
goods of felons, forfeited recognizances, and of goods of 
outlaws, waifs and strays : and also shall have a Court Baron 
and view of frankpledge within the country. All tenants 
within the country shall hold of Cuconnaght and his heirs by 
military service, by such part of a knight's fee as the Deputy 
shall order. All which courts, tenures, and privileges the Queen 
wills shall be established at the next Parliament. 

No sooner was the news of Sir Hugh's death in 
1599 brought north than the chieftainship and estates 
were for a second time claimed by his cousin 
Connor Roe (elder Tempo branch), and by his (Sir 
Hugh's) younger brother Cuconnaght. Connor Roe's 
claim prevailed at first, and therefore we find that on 
the 30th December, 1600, Connor Roe Maguire,. 
described as ** chief of his nation," obtained a grant 
from Queen Elizabeth, of the whole of Fermanagh or 
Maguire's country, as formerly granted to ** Cucon- 
nagh," or Constantine. Cuconnaght Maguire had 
paid a rent to the Queen of £\2o a year and twa 
goshawks. He surrendered that grant in 1604 on the 
1 6th January, in the reign of James I. ; and received 
in lieu thereof a grant of the barony of Maghera- 

1 615] 'I'HK MAGUIRK e;STATKS. 89 

staphena, dated Qjth May, 1615 [6480 profitable acres'] 
along with a pension of ;£20o a year of English, 
currency, with another pension, on his death to his 
son Bryan. At this time Cuconnaght was known as 
Mag Uidhir Gallda or the English Maguire. Connor 
Roe Maguire was described as "Chief of his name'* 
in a pardon of 21st April, 1602, which pardon was 
extended to Bryan Maguire, his son Cuconnaght,* 
Donagh, Bryan Roe Maguire and others. 

If it be difficult to withold sympathy from 
Cuconnaght Maguire in not obtaining his legal right* 
it is still more difficult to express it concerning 
Connor Roe. He was the son of Connor, son of 
Connor, son of Thomas Maguire, who was father of 
Sir Hugh and of Cuconnaght Maguire, who secured 
the ship for the flight of the Earls. Connor Roe hii 
offered himself twice as candidate for the lordship or 
chieftaincy of the Maguire country, but Lord Deputy 
Carew put him aside, first for Sir Hugh, and then 
for Cuconnaght. It was after Sir Hugh's fall, with the 
forces of the O'Neill near Cork, that the whole of 
Fermanagh was granted to Connor Roe, who fought 
for the English Government. Lord Deputy Carew 
[during Elizabeth's reign]— induced Connor Roe to 
surrender the grant in order that a better division of 
the estates might be made between him and Cuconnaght, 
who was really the rightful heir to the whole estate, 
and promising him at the same time half of the 

• Bryan Magruire bein?, as I think, the brother of Hugh and Cucon nagrht, 
received a grrant dated 31 Dec , 1610, viii. Jac. I , from the Kine, of the manor 
of TuUoweyle in Tirkeunedy and Clanawley (Monterfoddan), of 2,000 acres, at 
a rent of ;^2i 6s. 8d. per annum. Another and later patent was dated 10 
Sep., 15 Car. I, (1639). This comprised the Tempo estate. Pynnar, in 1619, 
<iescribed the property as one of 2,000 acres ; and added that Bryan had 
another 500 acres, "which were his brother's, lately deceased." This brother 
must have been Tirlagh Maguire, who received a graat ot 4x0 acres at a 
rent of £4 gs. 8d. [Carew A/SS. 1611, p. 241.) 

D a 


county. The Commissioners of Plantation in their 
report remembered this promise as follows : - 

"Connor Roe Maguire hath his Majesty's word for the 
whole barony of Magheri-Stephna, the whole barony of 
Knockniny,* which contain 390 tallies or 12,287 J [acres] and 
to take up 5 of the least proportions, 2 of the middle, and 2 
of the greatest, and are to be passed unto him according to- 
His Majesty's Royal Word." 

" His Majesty's royal word " does not appear to 
have been of much value, though it was thus backed 
up by the Commissioners themselves in their 
recommendations for the Plantation of Fermanagh, for 
Connor Roe was deceived again, and this matter 
affords an instance of the allegations about English 
perfidy in Ireland. Chichester found this excuse for 
rendering his royal Master's "word" and his own 
predecessor's promise of no account: — 

"O'Connor Roe expects to have three baronies, upon, 
some promise made to him when the traitors Tyrone and 
Tyrconnell and more Irish lords were restored to their grants; 
but a more prudent course being now in hand, sees not that 
the King is bound in honour to make so barbarous and 
unworthy a man greater than his neighbours, but rather, in 
true construction of State, to suppress htm, for all his actions, 
declare an ill mind, and is .sure he will do much harm to the 
plantation, if he be made so great. The barony of Magheri- 
stephana will contain him, and all his followers and goods that 
depend on him, and that quantity in his [Chichester's] opinion, 
is rather too much than too little for him." 

It is small wonder, then, that Connor Roe became 
*' barbarous " when instead of three baronies and a 
half he had to finally content himself with over 3,000 
acres, forf which he was to pay 1 3s 4d for every 

* The barony of Knockrinny is shown in the Irish Historical Atlas as 
including Castlcskeag-h, with a piece of Clancally between it and Maghera- 
stephana, near Maguiresbridge. 

t Sir Bernard Burke says 13,000 acres. 


quarter of land to the King. In the division of the 
county between himself and Cuconnaght, Connor got 
the Knockninny and Magherstephana area of the 
county, and Bryan, son of Cuconnaght, got 2,000 acres 
at Tempodessel. 

A grant of 161 2 gave Connor 6,480 profitable [arable] 
acres at a rent of £"20 a year Irish currency, and a 
market and yearly fair at Derryheeny, and he must 
have been well off when he by deed of ist Dec. 
1 615 engaged to convey to his son Donagh on his 
decease ;^io,ooo. Lord Belmore's view was that there 
was a clerical error in this sum, which should be 
;^iooo. His lordship's view that the English Govern- 
ment considered whichever branch of the Maguires 
was most submissive to itself as the principal one, 
appears to be well-founded. Connor Roe Maguire, of 
Augherlurcher and Aghavea, Co. Fermanagh, who 
paid £is yearly rent to the King for the 74^ great 
tates of Magherestaphena, was knighted in 161 6, and 
he died on the 25th December, 1625. His son was 
** Sir Bryan M'Gwyer, Knt.," who, aged 36 j'ears at the 
time of his father's death, was created (the First) 
Baron of Enniskillen by Charles I. on the 3rd March, 
1627-28. According to an inquisition taken at Ennis- 
killen on the 14th September, 1638, this Bryan, " late 
Baron of Enniskillen,* died on the 15th September 
1633, and the funeral entry in Ulster's office in 
Dublin states : — 

" S' Bryan McGwyer, Knight, baron of Enniskillyn, he 
deceased the xv*** of December, 1633. He had to wife Rose* 
daughter of Arte Mac Aveman O'Neile, of Carickestikin, in the 
County of Armagh, Esq'®- by whom he had issue Connor, now 
Lord mcGwyer, Baron of Inniskillyn, married Mary, Daughter 

♦ The peerage was conferred by Charles I. on the 3rd March, i€27-8. 


of Thomas Fleming of Castle Fleming, in the County of Cavan ; 
Rory, Bryan, Thomas, Rose, Blanor, Sarah, and Anne. His 
Lqp is buried in Aughive [Aghavea] , in the County of 
Fermanagh, the xxii*'^ of December." 

The O'Neill there referred to was the celebrated 
Owen Roe O'Neill, and thus some of the defiant 
O'Neill blood flowed in the veins of him who planned 
the capture of Dublin Castle, and the rescue of 
Ireland from the English. 

It was this Connor (son and heir to Sir Bryan) ^ 
and second Baron of Bnniskillen, who was executed 
for high treason in I^ondon in 1644. On the 14th of 
July, 1634 this Lord Maguire took his seat in the 
Irish Parliament. When the roll of the House was 
called on the 6th of April, 1634, " Connor, Lord 
Maguire," was represented by proxy ; and amongst 
the peers " as they ought to sit on the first day of 
the Parliament holden at Dublin the i6th day of 
March, 1639," we find Con. Lord Maguire of Bnnis- 
killen. He was represented by proxy when the 
House was called on 29th October, 1640, and was 
present on a like occasion on 9th November. He 
seems to have attended pretty frequently the ordinary 
sittings of the House before *' the rising of the Irish 
in 1 64 1." Further particulars of this unhappy time 
and his fate, are dealt with in a special chapter 

The estates of Connor,*' Lord Maguire, were 
confiscated for his treason and the title legally became 
extinct, but it was assumed by his son, also Connor 
(third lord), and by his son Hugh (fourth lord). Lord 
Belmore is my authority for stating that both these 
lords must have died between 1689 and 1698. Hugh 

• stated to be 6,000 acres, in addition to mensal duties, out of five ballybetajg:hs» 


was succeeded by his son, Connor (fifth lord), who 
died without issue in 1750, being succeeded in the 
title by his younger brother, Lawrence (sixth lord), 
who also died without issue, when this branch of the 
family became extinct. The title then went to 
Alexander Maguire, seventh lord, who had been a 
captain in Col. Buckley's regiment of the Irish Brigade 
in the service of France. He also died unmarried 
and without issue in Pau, about February, 1801, when 
all the descendants of Sir Bryan Maguire, first Baron 
of Knniskillen, became extinct. 

But though the title passed awa}^ a good portion 
of the family estates remained, and Constantine 
Maguire, the next legal representative, retained the 
land, and lived at Tempo, Co. Fermanagh, in the 
ancestral house, where he was locally known as 
Captain Maguire. He was described by Sir Bernard 
Burke as a gentleman of refined education and 
polished manners, and some letters of his to the 
Impaftial Reporter of the period show that he was a 
man of considerable ability. A man named John 
Rutledge, an Orangeman, was charged with shooting 
at him and was tried for the offence. Rutledge 
admitted that he took aim at Captain Maguire, but 
did not fire ; others said that he did fire ; but although 
Captain Maguire was not hit, such was the state of 
the law at the time that Rutledge was sentenced to 
death and was hanged at Knniskillen gaol on the 2nd 
April, 1829. 

This Constantine Maguire* was the last of his 

• An entry in the Enniskillen Vestry Book shows that Robert Mag^uire once 
owued the Tempo estate. He was the second son of Bryan More Maguire, son 
of Colonel Cuconaght, grandson of Bryan of the 164: rebellion, the com- 
tnanding officer of King James' 43rd regiment, who was killed at the battle 
of Aughrim on the 23rd July, 1691. Bryan's fourth son was Philip, whose 
son was Hugh of Tempo, High Sheriff of Fermanagh in 1780 (and therefore 
a member of the Established Church). It was his son Constantine who sold 
the Tempo estate, and was subsequently murdered in Tipperary. 


race who resided in tlie ancestral house at Tempo. 
He sold the place to a Mr. Kyle, a merchant 
who resold to Sir James Emerson - Tennant, 
Bart., a successful merchant of Belfast, who rebuilt 
Tempo Manor; and Captain Maguire went to County 
Tipperary to live, at Toureen Lodge, near Cahir, 
where when walking on Saturday, ist November, 1834, 
on the lawn adjoining the high road in front of his 
house, a few minutes after being in company with a 
lady of his family, he was vShot dead through the 
heart. His head was found to be battered to pieces. 
Two men were seen running away, and notwithstanding 
the offer of a large reward the murderers were never 
discovered. It was believed that Mr. Maguire had 
become mixed up in an agrarian dispute. 

Captain Bryan B. Maguire, his younger brother, was 
the next inheritor of what remained of the estates. 
His life, as told by Sir Bernard Burke, reads like a 
romance, through his passion for duelling. He became 
entangled in a Chancery suit for his wife's fortune; 
it did not succeed, and he became greatly reduced in 
circumstances until he was reduced to begging loans 
out of sheer poverty, *' loans " which no one expected 
him to repay, such was his condition. When the 
news of the assassination of his elder brother was 
communicated to Captain Bryan, writes Sir Bernard 
Burke, Bryan Maguire, the once dashing officer and 
dare devil, the chief of the proud lords of Fermanagh, 
was found in a large old-fashioned waste-house at 
Clontarf Sheds, denuded of every comfort. On the 
floor was a mattress of the poorest description, on 
which he lay, with hardly any covering, day and 
night, for his wearing apparel was in pawn ; his old 
gun and brace of rusty pistols, last remnant of 

1594] '^^^ MAGUIRB ESTATES. 95 

former days, hung over tlie chimney-piece, and the 
embalmed body of his eldest son still rested in a 
shell in the corner. His second and only remaining 
child, Charles Maguire, a fine strong enduring boy of 
14 years of age, a mere drudge and servant of all 
work to his father, was his sole companion. In the 
next year, 1835, Captain Maguire was ejected from 
this, his last asylum, at the instance of one who had 
in better times professed himself his friend. The 
unfortunate man did not long survive his eviction, 
but died a few months after, somewhere about 
Finglas, and not a stone marks where he sleeps in 
death. Charles Maguire, his last surviving son, 
remained with him to the last, and then went on 
board a merchant vessel as a common sailor. 

The last sentence of Sir Bernard Burke's 
narrative is that ** he was never heard of more." But 
this was incorrect, and what followed reads like a 

Charles Maguire went to Australia, and after the 
lapse of many years was traced respecting the 
inheritance of the little that remained of the ancient 
estate. His son, Hugh Maguire, was informed of his 
patrimony, and he came to this country from Australia, 
in 1907. Settling down at Tempo, he claimed the title 
of Maguire. He resided in Tempo village, but, losing 
his mind, he died in 19 15 in a lunatic asylum. Hugh's 
brother Philip then claimed the property, and he also 
lost his mind ; and whatever remains of the ancient 
Maguire estate is now in Chancery. 

9^ HISTORY OF snniskii.i,e;n. [164 1 



One of the terrible tragedies that left their mark 
©n Irish life, in the murder of thousands of hapless 
victims, left Inniskillen scatheless. The mention of 
1 64 1 still sends a shudder through those who read 
of or listen to its barbarous details : how much 
more so was its influence felt in Inniskillen when, 
though the town itself was saved from the destruction 
which was marked out for it and surged round the 
island settlement, its horrors occurred so close as 
Lisgoole, as TuUy Castle and Irvinestown, so that 
while Inniskillen itself was saved yet it partook of 
the horrors of that fearful time. 

The Irish chieftains finding themselves persecuted 
on account of their religion, harassed on account of 
their race, and deprived of their estates, and fearful 
of still further persecutions, and of more convictions, 
thought the time had arrived when in their own 
defence they must recover control of the countrj/- 
and obtain security for the future or drive British 
rule out of the country. They also hoped that the 
Scotch Presbyterians, who had somewhat successfully 




Tnr.lUj Colk.jr, DuUin. 

First page of report of csamination of II ^vith autograph of Sir Francis Wi'loughby, 
Goveniorff Dti- : : , i...ra it. was ijignea. 

Howo ma : mahowno taken at the ■.vra.-k. 

his examinationo, the 2;2'? 


He sayth, that Sir : • ;■ ' •!•''-''■ ma- 

■ jf\viro, and phUliiH^ 
the fir-fe C :.mrf-t' ^He 

lat. : 

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K. ■■■'uc 

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■ .1 agentes 


^ • the }*»p l-api^U- 

ther ReU-lliu*coi.i 
pillipo maMIcwe L. , 

liim iho sanie againe, m I' ' •: 
oowntio of Monahone, a Uv 
of October, att which Ijmi^ tn:. , .\.M.;J.:,h^v 
calIle to this towie 


Fr. Willoughby. 


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hL>^.. U~2 ^vv»</£. 




Reduced copy of original deposition of Hogfi M'Malion introducing 
name of Lord "magwire" as among tlie "firste complottores " of tlie 
Irisii Reliellian. See over for plain text. 

1 641] I.ORD MAGUIRE. 97 

combatted Charles I., would come to their aid ; but 
there was one great difference between the Scotch 
and the Irish — altogether apart from the matter 
of religion, the former were united, the latter 
were not. 

There were four parties in Ireland : there were 
the ancient Celtic Irish, who insisted on complete 
separation from England ; the English Catholics of 
the Pale, and elsewhere, who were Roman Catholics, 
like the Irish, but only demanded liberty for the 
exercise of their religion and their actions : the 
Puritan Party, including the Scots of Ulster, under 
General Munro, who favoured the Parliament against 
the King : and the small Protestant English Party 
who held Dublin and the district known as the Pale. 
The Catholics had nothing to hope for from the 
Parliament ; and as to the King, they had received 
from him a promise of the restoration to their 
properties of some who had been stripped of their 
estates during the previous 60 years, and did not 
like to rise against him. 

But events pressed matters. The real rulers of 
Ireland at this time were the Lords Justices — Sir 
William Parsons and Sir John Borlace, who were 
rather in favour of the Parliament and against the 
King, and they were execrated by all classes. It 
liad been openly declared in the House of Commons 
by Sir John Clotworthy that " the conversion of the 
Papists was only to be effected by the Bible in one 
hand, and the sword in the other." Others said that 
there would not be a priest left in Ireland, and Sir 
Wm. Parsons, one of the lyord Justices, was reported 
to have said that in a ** twelvemonth not a Catholic 
would be left in the country [Ireland]," which was 

98 history' op knnisk:ii,i,kn. [^64r 

exaggerated into a threat of a massacre. Parsons- 
and Borlace frustrated the promise of the King to 
restore the estates seized during the previous sixty- 
years by proroguing Parliament. Irritated and 
suffering under repeated exactions and insults, I<ords 
Ormond and Antrim, who had sought the assistance 
of the King for the Irish, counselled delay till after 
the meeting of Irish Parliament in November, when 
they hoped to announce the concessions of the King^ 
as to religion and the restoration of some of the 
dispossessed owners, but the native Irish would 
not wait. 

Mr. Roger [Rory] O' Moore of I^eix, a man of 
high character, had associated with him vSeveral of 
the Irish chieftains, notably Sir Phelim O'Neill of 
Tyrone, Turlogh O'Neill, his brother ; Connor, second 
baron of Inniskillen, with his brother Rovy^- Maguire,, 
an inhuman monster, O'Reilly, Magennis, and Hugh 
Oge MacMahon of County Monaghan. 

There was the usual hope of help from Spain,., 
from France and the Netherlands. Owen Roe- 
O'Neill, who had risen to high place in the service 
of Spain, was sent for to lead the insurgent army ;: 
and he urged that a rising take place and that he 
would procure French help from the great minister 
who controlled the destinies of France, Cardinal 

The day fixed for the insurrection was the 23rd 
day of October, 1641, when the Castle of 
Dublin was to be seized by 220 men, its arms and 

• The Very Rev. Professor M'Caffery, of Maynooth, in a lecture on this 
subject described Lord Maguire and his brother Rory as the "very heart and 
soul of the conspiracy that was arranged in 1640, and which ended in the rising- 
of 1641." Professor M'Caflfery described Rory in this lecture as the "gallant 
brother" of Connor Maguire, We shall see how "gallant" he was m\ 
what is to follow. 

1 64 1 J I,ORD MAGUIRK. 99 

ammunition utilized for the insurgent army, and 
several fortresses were to be captured. 

But as in many cases in Irish history the 
xinexpected happened. 

Captain Wm. Cole of Inniskillen, who had in 
this 3^ear of grace become Sir William Cole, had a 
fortunate deliverance from a plot against himself, and 
sent a messenger to apprise the authorities in Dublin 
Castle of the intended outbreak. Whether the 
messenger was waylaid on his errand, is not fully 
known, for it is said that the I,ords Justices and 
Council did not learn of the plot until the day 
before, October 22. 

What occurred to Sir William Cole was related 
by Mr. Johnston, who was a descendant of Mr. John 
Johnston of Drumkeen and Ederney, who was in 
Crevinish Castle at the time. Captain Rory Maguire, 
who had married Mrs. Deborah (widow of Sir I^onard) 
Blennerhassett, had fortified Crevinish Castle in 1641, 
and invited a number of the leading gentlemen of 
the County Fermanagh to dinner, including Sir 
William Cole, intending to seize them as hostages 
for the cession of Inniskillen. But among those 
present was Mr. Bryan Maguire* of Tempo and he 
informed Sir William Cole of the intended seizure or 
massacre, and Sir William^ hastily made his exit. 
There is also a story that Sir William Cole had 
whispered in his ear an instruction by a man 
named Coughlin that his horse would be ready for 

♦ Bryau was of the Tempo (the senior) branch ot the Mag^uires, and was 
favourably inclined to the Engflish, according: to John Cormick's evidence at 
the State Trial ; and he remained in undisturbed possession of the Tempo 
estates till his death in 165s, when they passed in succession to his grandson 
Cucounaght, at that time seven years of age. It was this Cuconnaght who 
mortgaged the Tempo estate (though warned that he was ruining it) to 
raise the regiment for King James II. of which he became colonel, and he 
vdied fighting at the battle of Aughrira on the 23rd July, 1691. He had been 
King James's Deputy Lieutenant in County Fermanagh in 1688. 

loo HISTORY OP [1641 

him in a few minutes, which was a sufficient warning- 
in those days to put a man on his guard. Anyhow^ 
Sir William Cole learned of the intended rising and 
made his escape to Inniskillen ; while the rest of the 
gentry, alarmed at Sir William's absence, became 
uneasy, rose, and made their escape. 

The story also was that Rory Maguire was so 
much enraged at what occurred that he vStruck his 
servant man with the key of the cellar, and the 
man servant complained to the mistress of the house- 
hold, who in the confusion managed to secret 
Johnston in a matted conveyance used for carrying 
billet- wood, and was left till night on Sarner Hill, 
from whence he made his escape to Knniskillen. 

That Bryan Maguire did inform Sir William Cole 
of the intended rising is proved by the deposition of 
Bryan Maguire himself, as preserved in the Trinity 
College collection, as follows : — 

The examination of Bryan M '^ Guire taken the xiii day 
of June, 1643, before us, S"^ Gerald Lowther, K^, Chiefe 
Justice of his Mat'* Chiefe Place, and Sir Robert Meredith, 
K' . Chancellor of his Mat"'' Court of Exchequer, and two of 
his Mat'* Justices of the Peace for the Countie of Dublin. 

Who, being sworne and examined, saith that y* 10 of 
October, 1641, hee this exam* understood by a fFryer called 
ffarrell oge M'=Awarde, that there was a generall purpose and 
resolution amongst the Papists and inhabitants of the Kingdom 
to take up armes w*'4n a fortnight after, and then to seize 
on all the strongholds throughout the Kingdom, w^^ they 
purposed to reteyne untill they might procure for themselves 
libertte of Conscience and free exercise of the Romish 
Religion ; unto w"^^ Report this exam* gave then more creditt, 
in regard he had observed the unusuall and frequent meeting 
between Lord M^ Guire, Sir Phelim Roe O'Neall, K' ., Tulagh 
Oge M'^Michle, Oge O'Hosie, and others of the chiefe of the- 
Countrie and their followers : whereupon hee this exam* made 
known the said discoverie unto Sir William Cole, K* . 

And this exam* further saith, that soon after the Lord 

1 641] I.ORD MAGUIRB. lOI 

McGwire going unto Dublin, there to perform his part of the 
worke, Rorie M'^Gwire, Brother unto the said Lord, went from 
the Castle of Crevenish, in the countie of ffermanagh over 
Lough Heme, and there hee moved and stirred upp unta 
Rebellion the Hosies, the fBanagans, and other Septs of the 
Irish inhabiting that side of the Lough, of whom hee took a 
oath that they should rise in Rebellion with him ; and 
directed the said Septs to beg to fall upon the spoile and 
pilladge the British as soon as they saw the Towne of 
Lisnarick on fire ; w'^'^ accordingly being set on fire on the 
xxiii'** day of October, 1641, by the said Rorie M^'Gwyre, the 
said septs pillaged the Brittish, and in particular the Lord 
Hastings' house, called Lisgold. 

And this exam" saitli, upon the same day Richard 
Nugent, who married the Lady Dowager of Inniskillen, 

Patrick M'^Caffrey and Phelim M"=Cafferie, by the 

appointment of the said Rorie, tooke possession of Mr. Hugh 
Dairs his house and Town in the said countie of ifermanagh^ 
called Archdalestowne, and pillaged the said house & Towne, 
and afterwards placed a ward therein. And the exam* further 
saith, that amongst other the cruelties and murthers committed 
by the said Rorie M'^Guire and the Septs of the Irish in the 
said Countie of ffermanagh about Christmas, 1641, the said 
Rorie, haveing given quarter unto many of the Brittish who 
held the Castle of Tully, belonging unto S' George Humes, 
after the Quarter soe given, hee, the said Rorie, and his 
followers, first stripped, and then murthered, man, woman, and 
child of them that came out of the Castle upon assurance of 

And this exam* further saith, that about this time 
twelvemonth hee received a letter from one O'Relie, Titular 
Archpp of Armagh, whereby hee the exam* was directed to 
repaire unto the said Archpp, there to take an oath of con- 
federation sent from the Generall Assemblie or Council of the 
Rebells at Kilkenny. But this exam' not appeareing according 
[to] those directions, soon after the said Rorie M'^Gwyre came 
unto him this exam* , and acquainted him that hee himself 
had brought the said oath from Kilkenny, and that the whole 
Kingdom was to joine therein. And in case any should 
refuse to take the same, the partie soe refusing was to be 
despoiled of his Estate and suffer Death. And that for the 
execution thereof there was a running Army appointed and 

But this exam* being not satisfyed with the contents of 
the said oath, desired tyme for three or ffoure days to resolve 
himselfe the better. In w'^'' tyme hee this exam* quitt his- 


owne habitation, and went unto vS' William Cole, w^^ whom 
hee hath since remayned. And this examinant further saith, 
that a true Coppie of the said Oath, to the best of his 
memorie, is conteyned in a paper now attested under the 
exam^'^ hand, and delivered by him unto S' Gerald Lowther 
and Sir Robert Meredyth, K^^., and now annexed unto this 
his Examination. And lastly, this exam' saith, that dureing 
the present Rebellion he received severall Letters from Owen 
Roe O'Neale, Sir Phelim Roe O'Neale, K' ., Philip Oge 
O'Relie, and Hugh Connor, [blank in original] him this 
exam* to joyne confederacie and Rebellion w*"^ them, w^*^ hee 
ever refused to do, and would never answeare any of their 
letters, but upon the receipt thereof delivered the same unto 
S' William Cole, K* ., in whose possession they now are. 

" Copia Vera. 

" Nich Connor." 
Endorsed — 

"The examination of Bryan Maguire, Esq., taken the 
xiii day of June, 1643, before us. Sir Gerald Lowther, K* .. 
Chief Justice of his Mat^ Chief Pleas, and S' Robert Merdith, 
K' ,, Chancellor of his Mat' Court of Exchequer, and two of 
his Mat^ Justices of Peace for the county of Dublin. 
Endorsed — 

" Copie of Brian M^^Gwire, his examination taken the 
xiii of this June, 1643." 

It is certain that Sir William Cole had early 
information of the rising, and that while he took 
measures for the protection of his own town he 
dispatched a messenger to Dublin to apprise the 
authorities of the danger ahead. Nor was that the 
only information which the Government received. 

On the night before the intended outbreak Owen 
MacMahon, when in a drunken state, betrayed the 
secret to Owen Connolly, a Protestant servant of Sir 
John Clotworthy. Sir William Parsons was quickly 
informed, the bridge of the castle was drawn up, the 
portcullis let down, the gates of Dublin were closed, 
a search was made for the conspirators, some of 
whom got timely warning and escaped, but Lord 
Maguire and M'Mahon were secured, along with other 


conspirators, at the Globe Tavern, ** over against the 
Castle Gate." These two Ulster leaders were 
imprisoned in Dublin Castle for about six months, 
and were then placed in irons and sent to London 
in charge of Captain Cosby of the parish of Cavan. 

It seems as if Maguire had received warning of 
his danger in the street, and that he returned to his 
lodgings, for a tailor named Kinsella was examined 
on the 2nd of November concerning the matter and 
he deposed that having learned that the Lord Maguire 
had been inquiring for him, he w^ent to *' the cock- 
loft and hee espyed his lordship b'ing upon a bedd 
w^ith an old caddoo [woollen rug or horse cover] 
rapped about him and discerned him by his haire.'* 

Whereupon, his Lordshipp wished him to sitt him downe 
by him upon a chest by the bedd-side, and to put on his hatt, 
and told him that his life and goodes and all that hee had was 
in this examinant's hands, and desired him, if possible he could, 
to convey him secretly out of that howse. And the examinant 
answered that he could not. Hee told this examinant that there 
was a place in St. Owen's Arch (sic) where, if he were conveyed, 
he might be kept secretly. Whereunto hee answered, that hee 
could not convey him thither. The Lord Maguire replied, that 
hee thought if he were disguised in Women's apparell, hee might 
bee conveyed thither. And this examinant told his Lordshipp 
that hee thought if he were so disguised hee might bee conveyed 
some better way, which was to goe on the other side of the 
streete, about five or six of the Clock at night, and soe be 
conveyed by Colman's Brooke. 

And thereupon his LcrJshipp wished him this examinant 
to walk abroad and heare what newes there was. Soe this 
examinant departed, and locked the doore. And before this, 
examinant could return back again, he mett his Lordshipp, 
apprehended by ye sheriffs, cominge through Fishamble street 
towards the Castle. 

There is therefore a probability that if Lord 
Maguire had made his escape as early as the Leinster 
leaders, before the gates of Dublin were closed, he 


might have got safely away. Borlase tells us that 
**MacGuire was the one principally designed for the 
surprizal of the Castle of Dublin, and the securing 
and murthering of the I,ords Justices and Council, 
for which intent he came purposely the day before 
to Dublin." The design was not a difficult one to 
accomplish, as only one old man kept the gate, so 
that 80 armed men might have surprised and taken 
the Castle. Two hundred men were ** appointed for 
the job," but only 80 of the 200 men turned up. 
These men were ready for the attack, but became 
apprehensive lest so small a party should be shut up 
in the Castle if they succeeded in taking it, for 
want of succour from their friends in the country. 
Therefore, they parted on that night to meet the 
next morning, and it was then too late : the oppor- 
tunity was lost. 

Maguire and MacMahon were imprisoned in 
Newgate, L,ondon, on the 18th June, where, it is said* 
they had one bed between them. Three months 
after being lodged in Newgate to the very day, on 
the 1 8th August, the prisoners effected their escape, 
and were hidden in a house in Drury Lane for some 
time until the 20th October, when they were detected, 
and lodged in the Tower. 

Maguire was not brought to trial until the loth 
February, 1644, when he, in the King's Bench, had 
to answer the charge that he had made 

an attempt to deprive and disinherit the King's Majesty 
of his Royal Estate and the Kingdom of Ireland — to levy open, 
bloody, and fierce war against the King in that Kingdom, to 
change and alter the Government in that Kingdom, and the 
religion therein established and totally subvert the well-ordered 
state of the common wealth, &c. 

1 641] I.ORD MAGUIRE. IO5 

The full details of the trial are given in the 
reports of the State Trials. It is surprising to see 
the length of the report. Maguire pleaded that as a 
Baron of Ireland he should be tried by his Peers in 
Ireland, and this good point was overruled by Mr. 
Justice Bacon, who held that a Baron of Ireland 
could be tried by a common jury in England. The 
House of Commons was of the same opinion and 
urged on the trial, which lasted for several days. 
Maguire throughout conducted himself with dignity, 
and showed ability in his defence. He admitted that 
he was privy to and party to the plot to seize the 
Castle of Dublin, but denied that there was any 
intention to murder the Protestants. He was finally 
convicted, and judgment was pronounced upon him in 
the following words : — 

Connor Maguire, you are found guilty of the treason 
whereof you are indicted. Your judgment is that you shall 
be carried thence to the place whence you came, that is the 
Tower, and from thence to Tyburn, the place of excution ; 
and there you shall be hanged by the neck, and cut down 
alive, your bowels taken out, and burned before your face ; 
your head to be be cut oflf ; your body to be divided into 
four quarters, and the head of your body to be set up and 
disposed of as the State shall appoint, and may the Lord 
have mercy on your Soul. 

All of which may seem to be barbarous to us 
now- a- days, but it was the manner of the time. 
Maguire asked to be remitted to Newgate, in order 
that he might see a minister of his own religion, 
but the request was refused. His old schoolfellow 
and friend. Sir John Clotworthy, interested himself 
on Maguire's behalf, and a petition was presented to 
Parliament in L,ondon asking for a mitigation of the 
severity of the sentence. But in vain, and after the 


manner of the time the Lord of Inniskillen was 
borne on a sledge-car from his prison in the Tower 
to Tyburn on Thursday the 20th February, 1644. 

Maguire's first act on reaching the scaffold was 
to pray. The dignity into which he comported 
himself at this trying moment is well illustrated with 
the dialogue between himself and Sheriff Gibbs, when 
the latter wished him to confess to the shedding of 
innocent Protestant blood by being privy to a 
conspiracy to murder the Protestants. The matter 
is thus reported, omitting some trivialities : — 

Gibbs—Did you believe you did well in those wicked 
actions ? 

Maguire — I have but short time. Do not trouble me. 

Gibbs— Sir, it is but just I should trouble you, that you 
may not be troubled for ever. 

Maguire — I beseech you, sir, trouble me not ; I have 
but a short time to spend. 

Gibbs — I shall give you as much time after as you shall 
spend to give satisfaction to the people. I, as an instrument 
set here in God's stead, require you to make acknowledgment 
to the people whether you are sorry for what you have done 
or no ; whether it be good or no. 

Maguire — I beseech you not to trouble me. 

They continued to worry the unfortunate man, 
after the manner of the time, regarding his 
apprehended share in the plot to murder the 
Protestaihs, which he all along denied — 

Dr. Sibbald — Give glory to God, that your soul be not 
presented to God with the blood of so many thousand people. 

Gibbs — ^You are either to go to heaven or hell. If you 
make not an ingenious confession your case is desperate. 
Had you any commission, or no ? 

Maguire — I tell you that there was no commission that 
I ever saw. 

Gills — Who were actors or plotters with you ; or who 
gave you any commission ? 

1641] I.ORD MAGUIRK. 107 

Maguire — For God's sake, give me leave to depart in 

This last question referred to a point which was 
put in plain words that Maguire had authority or a 
pardon from the Pope for what he had done, and he 
answered — ** I saw none of it. I beseech you to let me 
depart in peace." 

They kept worrying Maguire to abjure his religion, 
also after the manner of the time, as the Romanist 
friars did to Protestant martyrs, until Maguire got his 
opportunity of making a statement, which he read from 
a paper in his hand — 

Since I am here to die, I desire to depart with a quiet 
mind, and with the marks of a good Christian ; that is, asking 
forgiveness first of God, and next of the world. And I do 
forgive from the bottom of my.heart all my enemies and oflfenders, 
even those that have a hand in my death. I die a Roman 
Catholic ; and although I have been a great sinner, yet I am now 
by God's grace heartily sorry for all my sins ; and I do most 
confidently trust to be saved, not by my own works, but only by 
the passion, merits, and mercy of my dear Saviour Jesus Christ, 
into whose hands I commend my soul. 

Any Protestant might have uttered these words, 
in a like case. Even then^Maguire was tortured with 
more questions to abjure his religion ; but he steadily 
refused, called on all Catholics to pray for him, and 
laid his head on the block. And so passed away 
Connor, Second Baron of Inniskillen.* 

•The Rev. J«mes M'Kenna, M.R.I.A., says that Lord Maguire "was theu 
murdered." Clearly, he was not i"urdered but paid the penalty which as a 
brave man he knew he woald incur, for the offence to which he pleaded 
i^uilty, of complicity in the plot to seize Dublin Castle. And the penalty was 
the common penalty of the time for treason. Hanging for the theft of a 
sheep existed within living memory. 

Note.— Line 18, page 99. The representatives of Deborah Blennerhassett,. 
Lilias Squire and James Irvine, sold Crevinish Castle and grounds to Mr. 
George Vaughan, of Buncranagh, County Donegal, the founder of the Vaughan 
Charity, in 1740. 




With the general details of the Irish Rebellion 
of 1 641 and its blood-curdling butcheries and memories 
we have nothing to do here, but we have to do with 
its manifestations around Inniskillen. The town itself, 
owing to the information which Sir Wm. Cole had 
received at Crevenish Castle, was saved from the 
horrors of that time ; but they came close to the 
town ; and Captain Rory Magiiire, the brother of Lord 
Maguire, was an active participator in the deeds until 
he died sometime afterwards at Carrick-Drumbrusk 
[Jamestown], County Leitrim. It was estimated that 
80,000 Protestants lOvSt their lives in this effort to 
exterminate the British, but this number may be an 
exaggeration, and 20,000 would be nearer the mark. 

The library at Trinity College, Dublin, contains 
the original depositions of survivors of the rebellion 
and anyone can for himself read there of what occurred, 
as sworn to on oath by the deponents, and see the 
signature of the Fermanagh Magistrates of the time. 
From those depositions we extract the information 
given here. 

1 641] 'I'HE MASSACRK OF 1 64 1. IO9 

Captain Roger Atkinson of Castle Atkinson 
[modern Castlecoole] deposed that on the 23rd day 
of October, 1641, he was constrained to depart from 
it, whereby with the loss of "castle, houses, and 
plantinge, and closing of his gardens and groundes:'* 
the loss of cattle, ''house-hould stuffe," goods, and 
rents he suffered to the extent of £2,918 iis 6d. 

Captain Rory " Magwier *' had a hand in this 
plunder, along with other Maguires; and they pro- 
ceeded to *' the Castle " at Lisgoole, at that time in 
the possession of Lord Hastings, which was set on 

so that many Protestantes seeking to essaye out of the 
said castle were burnt, and cruelly murthered. 

Mrs. Alice Champion of Shannock, Clones, deposed 
that she heard the "rebells'* boast that they did 
""burne the said castle, and of Scotch and Englishmen, 
women and children the number of nyntie persons 
or thereabouts." 

And that after one of the said women, who leaped out 
of a window to save herself from being so burned, w^as cruelly 
murthered and killed by them, and the next morning they 
finding a young chyld of his [!] lying suckling the dead 
mother's breast, they killed the said child. And when the 
said house was so burning, the said rebells said among them- 
selves rejoycingly, Oh, how sweetly doe they fry ! She heard 
them alsoe say that they had killed so many Englishmen that 
the grease or fatt that thereby remained upon their swordea 
or speares might have made an Irish candle. 

In the chapter on the same subject in later 
pages will be found a reference to how Irvinestown 
suffered during the Rebellion. John Cormick, who 
gave evidence at the trial of Lord Maguire, deposed 
that Captain Rory Maguire went to what I judge to 


be lyissenskeagh [Ballybalfour], and hanged ond 
Eleazar M., whom I conclude to be Eleazar Midleton,' 
perhaps a relative of Geoffrey Midleton, first Masteri 
of the Pvoyal School. He compelled Midleton to] 
hear Mass, swear never to alter from it, and imme-^ 
diately after caused him, his wife, and children to be; 
hanged up : and hanged 100 persons at least in thati 
town. Captain Rory then went to Newtown, four 
miles off, took the town and stripped and disarmed] 
all the Protestants that were in the church ; and thei 
next day marched away, "killing and destroying'* 
most of the English in those parts. \ 

What this blood-thirst}^ Rory did "in those parts "i 
is in part related by Mrs. Champion, who tells of the^ 
murder of her husband in her deposition, part of ^ 
which I produce here: — ■ 

Presently after, upon the 29tli October, one Captain Rorij 
MacGuire took upon him the managing of all businesses ini 
his absence; he fortified first the Castle Hasen* the house' 
wherein he dwelt himself; he took in the castle of one ; 
Edward Aldrith, Esq. ; he put out all the English there ; he : 
went to the town, burnt that, but killed none of the men ; ] 
went thence to another place, and hanged one Eleazar 
Middleton, one that was Clerk of the peace of the county ; : 
and from thence he went to Newtown, four miles off from it, 1 
took in the town, stript and disarmed all the Protestants that | 
were in the church ; the next day after marched away, and l 
killed and destroyed most of the English in those parts ; ] 
murthered Arthur Champion, Esq. ; and ,many more. \ 

The following information respecting Arthur \ 

Champion's death is extracted from the Fermanagh : 

Volume of the Depositions of 1641, in Trinity \ 

College I,ibrary, page 25, No. 31. 

Alice Champin the late wife of Arthur Champin late of ; 

• Castle Hassen was CasUe Hassett, the modern Crevenish Castle near Kesh, 
BOW in ruins. The name Aldrith apparently means Archdale. 

1 641] THK MASSACRK OF 1 64 1. Ill 

Shanoge in the county of Fermanagh, esq., being duly sworn 
'deposeth and sayth that the 20th day of October, 1641, her 
said late husband was assaulted and cruelly murthered before 
his owne gate at Shanoge aforesaid, by the Maguires and 
others theire adherents, whereof she well remembreth that 
there were present at the same murthering of him, Don 
Carrage Maguire of (blank) in the countie of Fermanagh, 
gent., Edmond Carragh Maguire of Annaghhard in the said 
county, gen., Redmond Macowen Maguire of (blank) in the 
said countie, gent., and Patrick Oge Macrosse Maguire of 
Borfadda in the said countie, gent., and others to the number 
of 100 persons or thereabouts, and that they murthered and 
killed also with him the said Arthur Champin six others at 
Shonoge aforesaid, as, namely, Thomas Champin, Thomas 
Iremonger, Humphrey Littlebury, and Christopher Linis, gent., 
John Morrice, and Hugh Williams, yeomen. And that 
afterwards they killed and murthered thereabouts about the 
number of xxiv. Englishmen more. 

And she hath heard the said Rebells say, that they 
were severally commanded and directed by the Lord Maguire 
(now in the Castle of Dublin), that they should not spare the 
said Arthur Champin her husband, but murther and kill him, 
and the two * that were his followers and tenantry : and 
sayth that after they had kild him the said Arthur Champyn 
they murthered and killed Henry Crosse, and did hang viz., 
Joseph Crosse, as they were demanded by the said Lord 
Maguire. And that afterwards they forcibly entered the said 
Castle of Shanoge, t and upon all | the goods and 
chatties, jeweles, money, plate, household stuff, stock of cattle, 
corne, manor and lande aforesaid within the county of 
Fermanagh aforesaid. And immediately after they had so 
entered the said Castle, they burned it downe to the ground. 
Also they burned the Castle of Coole alias Castle Atkinson, 
which said Castle and buildings are valued at one thousand 
six hundred pounds. 

Mrs. Champion also testified that she heard that 
•* at the towue of Belturbett, in the county of Cavan, 
the vSaid rebells had drowned of English women and 
children the number of 30 persons or thereabouts." 

Sir John Temple says that 100 British were slain 
at the Castle of Monea. Mr. Thomas Winsloe (son. 

* t An unintelligible abbreviation, 
t Shanuock, near Clones. 


of Guy Winslow), of Derrivore,* stated that he had 
been taken prisoner b}^ James Maguire, gent., and 
Cahill Maguire, gent., brothers, of Knockninney, and 
others, and that, after they had ransacked his house, 
&c., they forced him to stay amongst them, and do 
them, as he did, some unwilling service for about a 
month altogether. They took him first to Lisgoole, 
which 2,400 Irish burned, where they killed 80 men, 
women and children. From lyisgoole they took him 
to the Castle of Monyeagh [Monea], "when and 
where the said rebels slew and murthered eight more 

From Monea the rebels under this ** gallant" 
ruffian, Rory, proceeded to Tully Castle on the 24th 
December at the head of 800 men ; and having 
promised the Ladies Hume and their household and 
all in the Castle their lives and safe conduct to 
Monea or Iniskillen if the Castle were yielded up, 
this promise was confirmed upon oath and in writing, 
and 'Rory Maguire accordingly obtained admission. 
The Protestants were then stripped of their clothes 

* Barony of Knockninny. Guy Winslow became a freeholder on the oriarinal 
Ag-halane estate circa 16 tg, and obtained the 520 acres of Derryvore from Capt. 
Thomas Creaton [Creichton]. He also purcuased the lands bf Derrycree 
and Geaglum, which had been sold by Captain T Creichton to Sir S. Butler. 
Guy Winslow was succeeded by his son Thomas, who made the deposition here 
referred to. This Thomas Winslow purchased from John Wardell and Elizabeth 
his wife the fieehold lands of Cloughan, Cornahoule, and FerrygJass in the 
manor of Dresternan. He died between 1684 and the time of the Revolution, 
and left two sons, Thomas (the younger), and Charles, the elder of whom 
succeeded his father, and it was this Thomas Winslow who was attainted by 
King- James's Parliament. He was succeeded by John Winslow, who died in 
1725, possessor of a la^ge property. He left three children, Daniel, eldest son 
and heir, Elizabeth, and Blayney, a Christian name ever since perpetuated in 
the family. 

Daniel Winslow succeeded to the Derryvore estate in 1725, and he lefl 
three children, the eldest of whom, Charles, succeeded him in 1765 in a property 
which continued to grow ; John, and Daniel who built the mansion house at 
Diesternan in 1779-80, died in 182s. Charles Winslow, who died in 1801. had 
two children, Daniel, his heir, and Blayney (a lieutenant in the Ferma .gh 
Militia), who succ^^ded to the estate of Mount Prospect, Derrylin on the 
death of his father. This Blayney Winslow had a son Blayney, junior, born in 
1804, and left a son Blayney Thomas Winslow, J.P., who as Major in the Fer- 
managh Regiment of Militia and 3rd Royal Inniskillings. was well known locally. 
His eldest son, Wm. Gresson, is now resident at Mount Pi'ospect ; and 
his second son, Blayney I^cslic Winslow, is a solicitor practising in l-nniskilleu. 

Clietfe ^^tor 


of all IreUiti 


(From an Engraving at Ardrie.) 

He was hanged in Fefaruary, 1653, for his share in the Massacre. He 
admitted before he leaped off the ladder that he never had any com- 
mission from the King to prosecute the war, as he had pretended. 

Face -page 112] 

TULLY CASTLE (looking towards Lough Erne). 

The Maguire Arms. 


1 641] 'I^HK MASSACRE OF 1641. II3 

and imprisoned in the cellar ; and next day, Christ- 
mas day, they were led forth— as if to be sent ta 
Iniskillen, and the rebels "did most cruelly, bloodily, 
and barbarously murther"* 15 Protestant men and 
three score women and children, some of whose 
names are given in the following deposition by 
Captain Patrick Hume : — 


The Bxaminacon of Captaine Pattr Hume taken upon oath 
at Iniskillen, in the County of ffermanagh, the first day of 
Aprill, 1654, before Will™ Hamilton, Lieuten* Jo: Closslin, 
Will'" Hamilton, John Cormick, Rob* Browning, Commissioners 
thereunto authorised by Vertue of a commission of the nynth 
day of March, 1653, signed by the Honor^'« S' Gerard 
Lowther, K' Lord President of the high Courte of Justice, 
errected at Dublin, and to the said Court, or any two or more 
of y'" directed. 

The examinant uppon his oath sayeth that uppon the 24 
day of December, 1641, Rowry McGwire, brother of the ho: 
M= Gwire being on the head of a company of Rebells to the 
number of eight hundred p'sons or thereabout in armies, did 
march in hostile manner to to the Castle of Tully, where, 
having sumoned the Ladie Humes, Alexander Hume, John 
Greene, and this Examinant (who then did Labor to preserve 
the Lives of them and of many other Brittish p'testants 
w'^'* by theire defending the same) to yield upp the said Castle 
nnto their hands, the said sumoned, through dread and despair 
of their Lives, came to pli [parley] with the s'^ Rowrie at 
Tully hill, the s'^ day and yeare as there it was agreed uppon 
by [? that] the s** La: Hume, John Greene, Esq., Examin* and 
the rest of all the men, women, and children who were there 
with them in that Castle, should have quarter For their Lives 
and all theire goods with free liberty and safe conduct to go 
either to Monea or to Iniskillen, at their choice, provided the 
s"^ Castle and Armes in the same should be yielded and 
rendered upp into the hands of the s'^ Rowry M- Gwire, all 
which was granted and promised yea upon Oathes, and con- 
firmed by Writ by the s'^ Rowry unto y'". And thereupon 
the s'* Rowry did enter into the Castle the day and yeare 
bef ores'* and received the Armes that were there. And after- 

* The pronunciation of this word as spelt is still common amonsr the peas- 


wards the same day the s'^ Rebells having stript the s^ pro- 
testants of all their cloathes (except the s^ I^adie Hume), they 
imprisoned them in the Vault or Cellar of the s^ Castle, 
where they kept them w^'^ a strong guard on them all y* night. 
And the then next day morning, being the Lord's Day, and 
the 25th of December, 1641, they took the s^ I^ady Hume, 
Alex' Hume Jo : Greer, this examn* , with theire wives and 
children from amongst the rest of the s^ prisoners forth of 
the s"* Castle, and placed them in the barne of one John 
Goodfellow, at Tully afores** , with [-in a] stone's cast from 
the Castle, putting them in hopes that they would convey 
them to the Castle of Monea* upon horses which they had 
provided for them ; but as for the rest that were left there 
behind them in the Castle at Tully, the s^ Rebells tould those 
in the barne that they should goe on foot after them to 
Monea aforesaid. 

But immediately after, upon the said 25th day of 
December, 1641, at Tully Castle, within and about the Bawne 
and Vault of the same, in the Com of ffermanagh, the s** 
Rebells did most cruelly, bloudily, and barbarously murther 
and kill the s** protestants to the number of fifteen men and 
three score women and children or thereabouts : the names of 
these p'sons followeth, viz. ; 

Tho. Trotter, ■* flfrancis Trotter, Allex"" Chirmfild, Allex' 
Bell, George Chirmside, Robt. Black, James Barry, Thos. 
Anderson, James Anderson, and many others, both men 
and women and children, whose names this examin*^ at 
this tyme doth not remember. The Actors of which 
massacre and murthers this examin* saith for the most 
p'te are since that tyme dead or slaine, as he heard ; and 
as for such of them as surviveth them this examin* re- 
members not their names ; and this examin* further saith 
that after the s^ Rebells did plunder and pillage the good 
that were within that Castle, they did burne the s^ Castle 
the day and yeere befores"* . And further this Exam' 
deposeth not 

any thing on [ ace] pa hum:S. 

Taken before us the 
first of Aprill, 1654. 

Wii,i,™ Hamii,tone. John Cormicke. 

Robt. Browning. Edwd. Barrington. 

•The Trotter family still remain near Derrygonnelly. 

+ In 1704 William Hamilton, eldest son of Gustavus Hamilton, the Governor 
of Iniskillen, conveyed to Hugh Montgomery of Derrygonnelly and Robert King' 
of Lissenhall, vSwordi, the Mawor of Castletown. King obtained the Castletown 
portion of the estate, with the house and customs, foirs and markets, and his 
share descended through his daughter Mary to Wm. Smith of Drumcree, Co. 

1 641] 'I'HK MASSACRE OF 1 64 1. II5 

Following that deposition came the recognizance 
to compel Captain Patrick Hume to appear to 
prosecute, and it is interesting to note the language 
of the Commonwealth period in this matter. The 
**John Cormick,"* who signs as a magistrate, was 
thought to have been employed by by Sir William 
Cole in the Castle of Inniskillen, and the Rev. W. 
H. Dundas discovered that he came from Boho.f 

COM FERMANAGH, page 1763. 

Capten Pattrick Hume of Moyglasse, in the County of 
ffermanagh, doth acknowledge him to owe unto Thos. Bring- 
hurst, Register of the saide Courte of Justice errected in 
Dublin for the use of the Commonwealth, the sum of fiSfty 
pounds ster., to be levyed as his body goods and Cattels, 
Lands, Tenements, and hereditaments for the use of the 
Commonwealth afores** uppon condicon under written. 

Elicted at Inniskillen the first day April!, 1654. 

The condicon of this recognisance is such that if the 
above bounden Capten Pattr. Hume shall personally before the 
Lo. President and other the Judges in the said high Court 
of Justice, or any other Courte of Justice in Ireland (as 
by Sumons from the s^ Courte or Courtes shall be directed), 
[attend] to give Evidence on behalf of the Commonwealth 
according to his Examination dated with these presents taken, 
touching the murder or massacre comitted by the Rebells the 
25 of December, 1641, upon Thomas Trotter and other protest- 
ants, at the Castle of Tully, in the County of Fermanagh, 

Westmeath, who served as High SherilT of Fermanagh in 1736. This portion of 
the original Hamilton estate comprised 3,000 acres, including Rossenure, 
Ramelslogh [Randalshough], two Drumgormlys, Derrymsogher [Derrynafaugher], 
Knockmore, Drumcorban, JL,ughans, Giltagh, and Shankill, with the customs of 
Monea fair. A change from the Smith to the Brien family took place by 
purchase about 1804. When Mr. John Dawson Brien died in 188 1 the Castle- 
town estate passed to his sisters, and on the death of Mrs. Braddell, his 
g'rand -nephew, John Henry Loftus Re^de, succeeded to the property. When 
this officer died duing the world war in 1914 his sisters, the Misses Reade, 
came into possession. 

* John Connock is thought to have been the son of Cormick M'Comick, 
who received a grant of land in Diumboy, Boho. He gave evidence in the trial 
of I<ord Maguire in London— (see Chapter X)— and ~was appointed one of the 
Commissioners to take evidence of the massacre in 1653. He subsequently lived 
at Aughaherrish, and changed his name to Carmock, as if ashamed of the Celtic 
name, being a Protestant and Cromwellian. He left his estate in the parishes of 
Cleenish and Boho to his wife for life and to his nephew, William Cormock, or 
M'Carmick, who is known to posterity bettor as the writer of the Impartial 
Account of the Inniskilling Men, and a prominent actor in the doings of the 
men of Inaiskilling durin^r the Revolution. See later. , 


and shall not depart said Courte or Courtes without licence | 

of the s^ ffu<» . i 

Taken and acknowledged i 

before us the first of April, \ 

1654. \ 

John Cormick. i 

Edwd. Barrington. j 

RoBT. Browning. i 

Not far off at Dromore, County Tyrone, the \ 

Protestants were able to repel the attacks of the ; 

insurgents for a time, and the latter revenged them- ] 

selves by burning the church and killing many of : 

the inhabitants, which obliged the British to retire. ! 

At Augher,* a garrison was placed in the castle ; 

by Colonel Chichester and Sir Arthur Tyringham, ] 

and the garrison was able to repel all the attacks to ■ 

take it by storm. This defeat so exasperated Sir \ 

Phelim O'Neill that in revenge he ordered his agent, 

MacDonnell, to massacre all the English Protestants 

in the three adjacent parishes. ' 

The manner in which these Protestants were in ; 

some cases murdered outright and in other cases \ 

murdered by being stripped of their clothing and \ 

left to perish is told by Mrs. Dorothy Rampayne of l 

Agharainey near Inniskillen. Her deposition is in No. ; 

73 of the depositions in the Fermanagh Book in the i 

Trinity College I^ibrary, and her deposition was made ! 

• Tht castle, which was finally dismantled by order of Parliament, con- 
tinued in a state of dilapidation and neglect till 1832, when it was restored, ' 
»nd a large mansion built adjoining it by Sir J. M. Richardson Bunbury, 
Bart. One of the round towers of the old castle was restored and preserved. - 
The castle is now owned and occupied by Mr. John Carmichael Ferrall, D.Iy. 

The charter of Augher was granted in 1613 to incorporate the inhabitants i 
tinder the style of ''The Burgomaster, Free Burgesses and Commonalty of 

the Borough of Augher." It had the privilege of holding a civil court of ' 
record, with jurisdiction to the extent of five marks, and of returning two 

members to the Irish Parliament, which they continued to exercise till the ] 

Union, when John Marquess of Abercorn obtained £15,000 as compensation for | 

the abolition of its franchise. Since that date no corporate officers have been ] 

appointed. The seneschal of the manor used to hold a court there every ' 

third Monday regularly for the recovery of debts to the amount of 40s, the ; 

jurisdiction of which extended into the parishes of Errigal-Keerogue, Krrigal- , 

Trough, Ballgawley, and Clogher ; and a manorial court leet was held once a year. j 

1 641] I'HS MASSACRE OF 1 64 1. .II7 

in September 1643. This lady lived within the 
present demesne of Castlecoole, so that Rory Maguire 
carried his fire and sword from I^isgoole across the 
water to the other side of the Krne also close to 
Inniskillen. As to Castle Atkinson itself [the first 
castle of Castlecoole] it was plundered, and Captain 
Atkinson and his wife were " constrained to forsake 
and depart from Castle Atkinson for safeguard of his 
life," and was allowed, I^ord Belmore says, by the 
very Bryan Maguire as " so abundantly inclined to 
the English " to go for safety with his wife to the 
town of Enniskillen. Mrs. Rampayne deposed inter 
alia : — 

That at the beginning of the rebellion she and her 
husband were by fire and sword at Agharinagh, aforesaid, and 
near the same deprived and disposed of their goods and 
monies worth £1,730, by Rory Maguire, brother to the Lord 
of Enniskillen, and others of the Maguires, &c. About five 
days afterwards, her said husband, her brother, Humphrey 
Holloway, and Robert Wheeler, all Englishmen, were granted 
a pass by Bryan M'Coconagh McGuire* and Captain Rory 
Maguire, and being sent away with a of rebellious soldiers, 
to be carried out of the country within 24 hours after 
the date of the pass, upon pain of death, were, however, all 
murdered within the time limited for their pass, upon a 
wild mountain next Donaghf MaGuire's house, by the cruel 
and rebellious servants and soldiers of the said Donough 
Maguire — now Lord Maguire, who left their bodies unburied 
for beasts and fowl to feed on. 

And this deponent and her four children, and a mayd 
called [ ] HoUiwood, were stripped of all their clothes, 

and what else had they left, and turned away by the rebels 
in frost and snow upon a mountain eight or nine miles 
from their dwelling, in the place where her husband and the 
rest were murdered aforesaid. And when she came back 
again to Captain Atkinson's house and castle, where she and 
her husband had left some of their household goods, Bryan 
Cuconnagh Maguire had pos.sessed himself of that house and 

• Bryan Maguire, who informed Sir Wm. Cole beforehand of the insurrection, 
t l/)rd Maguire's name was Connor 


castle and of all the arms, provisions and goods therein. She 
was denied by his followers to come into the said castle at all, 
or to have any relief out of her own goods, but had to fly 

And then she saw her said husband's gelding with and 
in the custody of the said Cuconnagh Maguire, at his own 
house at Tempedesse.* Also, she saw the said Bryan McCucon- 
nagh Maguire, after he came in, to wear her husband's own 
cloak, which was left in Captain Atkinson's said castle. The 
said Bryan McCuconnaght Maguire is now in Dublin, and 
walking up and down the streets among the King's liege 
people, as if he had not robbed any of the English, nor been 
an actor in the late Rebellion at all. 

Wright's History of Ireland states regarding this 
insurrection : — 

The insurgents were at this time marching to Bnniskillen, 
and their whole route was marked by a continued repetition 
of similar outrages. About a hundred and fifty men, women, 
and children had taken refuge in the castle of Lisgoole, 
apparently a mansion of no great magnitude or strength. The 
insurgents appear to have made no attempt to enter, but they 
collected waggon loads of straw, piled them up against the 
walls, and thus set fire to the building, and as the inmates 
attempted to make their escape, they thrust them back into the 
fire with their pikes and swords. They are said to have been 
in this instance encouraged in their work of slaughter by their 
priests ; and they pursued it with so little remorse, that when 
they saw the whole in a blaze they were heard to shout 
joyfully, "O, how sweetly do they fry!" One woman in 
despair leaped from a window to the ground, where she wag 
immediately stripped and killed : next morning the insurgents 
found her dead body with a child clinging to her breast, 
upon which one of the murderers seized it and dashed out its 
braint. ^ 

We learn what occurred at I^owtherstown from 
another of the depositions. Anne " relict of Francis 
Blennerhassett, late of Hassetsford," in her deposition, 
after recounting the death of her husband by the 
rebels at Ballyshannon Castle, added — **The rebels at 

• Tempo. Sometimes called Tempodessel. 

1 641] THB MASSACRE OF 1 64 1. II9 

I^owtherstown most barbarously and cruelly hanged up 
to death on tenterhooks Thomas Redmon, this de- 
ponent's son-in -law ; and after many tortures to his 
wife to make her confess her money, at length 
murdered her, and her children also, and robbed and 
stripped them of personal estate worth ;^500 at least." 

The names of some of the British settlers who 
were leasehol'ders ac I^owtherstown were — Peter Bland, 
Thomas Johnston, Wm. Burfitt, John Johnston, Charles 
lycvett, Wm. Hillman, Thomas leister, Thomas Redman, 
William Wilson, John Redmore, John Wilson, Richard 
Good, Thomas Peacock, &c. 

The following excerpts relating to Enniskillen and 
County Fermanagh are taken from the Contemporary 
History of Affairs in Ireland, 1641-1652, as edited by 
J. T. Gilbert, 1880: — 

1641— Vol. I., p. 23, No. 37.— "Sir Phelim! Oneyll* and 
the rest of the Ulstermen departed from Droheda aforesaid, 
the chiefe of every familie with theire proper parties went to 
theire severall counties and was not idle there . . . Colonell 
Roger Maguire, brother of my lord of Iniskillin, did cleere of 
enemie the countie of Fermanagh, except Iniskillin. 

1642— p. 467.— " Relation by Col. Audley Mervyn," of the 
Rebellion in Ireland. — "Hitherto is rough drawne the general 
estate, and condition of the British, who were now betaking 
themselves to better resolutions, in opposition to the enemies' 

" I shall beginne with the County of Fermanagh, where 
those that had escaped the fire and sword of Rory MacGuyre, 
the arch-rebell in that county, brother to the Ivord of Enis- 
kellen, drew themselves into Enniskillen, a place fortifyed by 
nature, under the command of Sir William Cole, Colonell 
. . . . MacGuyre having without any opposition in that 
county, wasted, burnt, killed, and pillaged, betooke himselfe, 
with the united forces thereof to beleagre Eniskillen, which 
divers times with great bodies, and threats equall, but neith 
fictions exceeding them both, as that all Ireland was taken, 

* He was one of the Irishmen who, in 1641, agreed to the Earl of Antrim'* 
proposal to make a diversion iu Ireland in favour of Charles I. 


which for a great while we might all of us easily, but with 
griefe, beleeve. Howsoever it pleased God, that Colonell Cole, 
with great resolution and valour maintained the same, and 
made divers sallyes in the night, upon his quarter, doing very 
good execution, insomuch that MacGuire thought it an 
Mnseasonable aire to quarter so neare Bniskillen, and then 
began to adventure his fortunes upon the other side of the 
I,ough* . . . ." 

One of the depositions in Trinity College I^ibrary 
was made by Ed. Slacke "of Gorteen o mucklogh in 
ye psh of Knaly," presumably a brother of the Rev. 
James Slacke, rector of Inishkeene, Cleenish, Kinawley, 
and Killesher, whose four churches were *' ruinous." 
Bdward Slacke gives details of his losses, amounting to 
£355 i8s 4d in his deposition dated Jan. 4, 1641-2, and 

further tayth that on the 24 of Oct. last the said rebels took the 
depnt's byble, opened it, and laying the open side in a puddle of 
water lept and stampt upon it, saying "a plague on't, this book 
hath bredd all the quarrell," and they hopt that within 3 weeks 
a!l the bibles in Ireland should be used as that was or worse, 
and that none should be left in the kingdom ; and then the 
rebells burnd this depnt's. house, and some other rebells robbed, 
and cutt and wounded him twice in the head. 

Martha Slack, of Callowhill, widow, deposed . . . "She 
asked them not to frighten her children, they said they would 
have her goods, they broke her chests and cupboards, ripped her 
feather beds up, threw the feathers on the dunghill, &c.' 

• The abore is from a relation of the occurrences that happened duriny 
the Rebellion in Ireland sent to the Bn^ lish House of Commons, June, 1641. 

wM } 








All the Castles of the Plantation in the County 
Fermanagh have been destroyed by fire, some of 
them of malicious purpose, others by accident ; while 
the Castle of the Maguire, in the Castle Barrack 
yard, continuously occupied, has survived them all. 
As some of these castles have had a direct 
connexion with Hnniskillen they are dealt with 
briefly here, along with a few others of local repute. 

There were four Castles of the Plantation period 
in the barony of I^urg : of these the ruins of three 
remain — in Castle Archdale demesne, at Castle Caldwell 
and at Crevinish ; portion of the old Castle of 
Nekarne is embodied in the modern Castle Irvine. 
Perhaps the foundations of the old Castle of Belleek 
of the Elizabethan period have assisted in the building 
of Belleek Pottery. 

It is singular that Castle Archdale at no time of 
which we have any record, either in public document 
or by paper in private office, has had any such 
connexion with the County town during the Rebellion 
of 1 64 1 or during the Revolution, as appertained to 

n » 


its sisters of Monea and Crom. The patentee was 
John Archdale,* and he came from Norsom Hall, 
Norfolk, and in 1612, he obtained for the sum 
of £5 6s. 8d. a Middle Proportion of 1,000 
acres of "profitable" land, like the other Undertakers, 
meaning what we would call arable land, and not 
including marsh or bog which subsequently became 
reclaimed. Upon this Proportion he had to build a 
castle, and when Captain Pynnar called at Castle 
Archdale in i6i8-iq he reported — 

"John Archdall hath 1000 acres called Tullana. Upon this 
proportion there is a bawne of lime and stone with 3 flankers 
15 feet high ; in each corner there is a good lodging slated, 
with a house in the bawne of 80 feet long and three stories 
high, with a battlement about it ; himself with his family are 
there resident. He hath also a water mill, and in two several 
places of his land he hath made two villages, consisting of 
8 houses a piece. 

"I find planted and estated upon this land, of British 
families — 

Freeholders 6, viz. : 
1 having 200 acres. 

1 having 120 acres. 

2 having 40 acres le piece. 
2 having 30 acres le piece. 

Lessees for years 10, viz. : 
4 having 240 acres jointly. And these 20 are able to 

2 having 30 acres le piece. I make 42 men, and 7 of the«e 

1 having 60 acres. 
1 having 20 acres. 
1 having 40 acres. 
1 having 15 acres. 
Cottagers 4, viz. : 
These having each of them 

a house and 1 acre of 


have taken the oath of supre* 

Mr. Archdale subsequently purchased on 26th 
February, 1617, the interest of James Hamilton in a 
grant to James Gibbs or Gibb of the manor of 

• He died on the 31st August, i6ai. 


Drumragh in the barony of Magheraboy ; and here 
Captain Pynnar reported that there was a Bawne,* 
with one house building, and six freeholders, five 
lessees for years, and three cottagers, in all 14 
resident British families, able to make 26 armed 

At an inquisition held in Knniskillen on the 
27th April, 1629, it was ascertained that among others 
John Archdale "did grant 2 tates or ^ quarter of 
land to William fohnsonX and Owen Griffith, their 
heirs and assignes for ever. The said John Archdale, 
by coppie of court-rowle, at a court held for the 
manor of Tallanagh, did grant one and a half tate, 
or 3 parts of ^ a quarter unto William Johnson and 
Thomas Clarke, their heirs and assignes ; and half a 
quarter, being two tates, unto Thomas Moore^ Edward 
Moore, and David Byas, their heirs and assignes." 

• A bawne was a walled enclosure for cattle, usually the leng:th of the 
building. A perfect bawne still exists near Favor Royal in South Tyrone. 

t When Mr. Nicholas Montgomery of Derrygonnelly, who inherited the 
estate through his mother, Catherine, daughter and heir of Richard Dunbar 
of Derrygonnelly, married Miss Angel Archdall, and changed his name to 
Archdall in consequence, he added the Derrygonnelly estate to that of Drum- 
ragh as the Archdall property in Magheraboy. Drumragh has been identified 
as Cosbystown, but no evidence remains of the Drumragh house. 

% The name and clan of Johnston is numerous in Fermanagh, and the 
founder, John Johnston, called "old lyUrg," appears to have come here about 
1602-3. The Betham-Philipps Manuscript (Cheltenham) makes mention in its 
account of one Watty Roe (or Rufus) Johnston who was " particularly noted 
for sailing [salljdng] out one morning upon Philip M'Hugh o'Reyley, who had 
besieged Iniskillen nine weeks with about 1500 men, but he surprising them, 
they took ye flight and j^e brave and valliant Sir John Cole, a bright youny 
gentleman, son of ye said Sr William, backing him with his galant foot 
Company and some Volentieres Rushing upon the Irish they had ye pursuite 
of ym 7 miles as farr as Maguires- Bridge, upon which ye Irish taunted and 
jeered, saying— 'Red Watty and his twelve followers, in pursuit of Philip 
M'Hugh and his fifteen hundred [as translated].' " It will be observed that 
mention is here made of Maguire's Bridge, indicating thati a bridge spanned 
the Colebrooke river early in the 17th century. 

This Walter Johnston was father of Mr. James Johnston of the Maghera- 
meena family. The last male member of this family was Captain James C. 
Johnston, who was A.D.C. to the I«ord Lieutenant of Ireland in 1912, and sub- 
sequently became adjutant of the 5th Royal Irish Fusiliers. With them he 
went out to the great war, and took part in the landing at Suvla Bay. It 
was when here one day while his commanding officer, Colonel F. A, Greer, 
and he were conferring together, with the signal officer of the battalion, Lieut. 
R. S. Trimble (Enniskillen), that a shell killed Captain Johnston, took the ana 
off the CO., and left Mr. Trimble sufiering from shell shock. Both Colonel 
Greer and Lieut. Trimble subsequently recovered and were enabled to resume 

There was another member of the clan— Mr. John Johnston at Sdemagk 


Edward Archdall, son of the undertaker, 
obtained a re-grant on 22nd December, 1629, of 
two small proportions in the precinct of Lnrg and 
Coolma<^ Kernan — one called the Small Proportion of 
TuUanagh, and the other the Small Proportion of 
Dromra, with 400 acres in demesne ; for which he 
had to pay twice the original rent, with a fine of 
£30 for every 1,000 acres. The manor of Drumra 
or Drumragh, had been granted originally to James 
Gibb, the son of John Gibb, a Scottish servant in 
the Royal Household, and lay close to the properties 
of Sir John Hume and Robert Hamilton (Monea) on 
the western side of I^ough Krne in the Barony of 
Magheraboy. It was a Small Proportion of i,ooa 
acres including the townlands of Drumskewly, Cavan- 
keile, Drumra, Moyfadden, Drumdowne, part of 
Urrishe, and the island of Innishmac-Moile [Innish- 
macsaint], and was sold by Mr. Gibb to James 
Hamilton of Keckton, Ksq., who in turn on the 
26th February, 1617, **did give and grant the said 
manor of Dromra to John Archdalle, in the County 
of Fermanagh, Esq., his heires and assigns ; by force 
and in virtue whereof the said John Archdalle is 
lawfully seized as of fee-simple, forever.'* 

or Ederney, described as a man of " free estate." and I assume that the 
William "Johnson" spoken of above must be a member of this family. 

There vras also a Mr. James Johnston of Aghamuldoon, a freeholder on 
Sir John Dunbar's estate in Magheraboy. who married a daughter of I^arde 
(I^aird] Weir [of Hall Craig]. There was also a Mr. Robert Johnston, described 
as a gentleman freeholder of Gannan in Magheraboy, related to the others 
by •* consanguinity and alBrmitye," and it is noteworthy that the same 
Christian names have been preserved in the different branches ol the family. 
as we often find to be the case. 

A James Johnston, a Lieutenant of Horse in King William's army, is 
believed to have founded the Snowhill (Lisbellaw) family, of which the present 
representative is Captain James Johnston. 

The Johnstons of Goblusk, Killadeas, are an offshoot of this old family; 
Stephen Johnston got a lease in the year 1708 of lands, &c., in Goblusk, 
from William Archdall which still remain in the family, Mr. John Johnston 
residing there at present. This William of 1708 was (as I understand matters) 
the son of James and Mary Irvine of 1684, and he was the son ot Toha 
Johnston who was grandson of James Johnston of 1603. The ancient lease 
is still preserved of the Goblusk property. 


This Edward Arclidale, who was born in 1604, 
and was described as of Archdale's-town, also obtained 
340 additional acres in the barony of Lurg, including 
four tates of Corrabane, the tate of Tullinagoagh, and 
the tate of Clonkeine [Clonkeen] ; and it was he 
was the lord of the manor when the insurrection 
broke out. When John Cormick was giving evidence 
in London in the trial of Connor Lord Maguire he 
deposed that Captain Rory Maguire on the 29th 
October, having fortified the house in which he 
(Captain Rory) resided, "took in the castle of one 
Edward Aldrith [Archdall], Esq. ; he put out all the 
English there. He went to the town [Archdale's- 
town],* burnt that, but killed none of the men." 

We have no further historical record as to the 
burning of Castle Archdale in 1641, but there is a 
tradition that the nurse of the infant heir of the 
house, William, was saved by the nurse thrusting 
him out of a window in time to save the child's 
life.f The house was pillaged, but there is no record 
of life having been lost The castle was repaired 
and re-inhabited. 

It was this William Archdale who was attainted 
by the Parliament of James II. in 1689.3: He had 
been Sheriff of Fermanagh in 1667. In 1662 he 
had married Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Mervyn 

• Supposed to be I^isnarick, which was also called Hunningstown. 

+ There it another tradition, that the nurse caused her owm child to be saved 
on the occasion, and that the Archdale child was lost. 

% Mr. Wm. Archdale had fled out of Ireland for the safety of his life 
at the time of the Revolution, like Sir Michael Cole, Sir James Caldwell, Sir 
John Hume, and others; and he was returned as having an estate yielding 
jBsoo a year. 

The name is spelt both ways. It was originally Archdale, as it is to-day 
in Co. Norfolk; it became altered to Archdall, a mode of spelling which was 
retained by the late Colonel Edward Archdall of Clifton Lodge, Usuaskea, 
and the late Captain James Montgomery Archdall, of Drumadravey; but the 
other members of the various families of the house have reverted to the 
original method of spelling, Archdale. 



of Trillick, from whom the Mervyn estate was derived 
and added to the Archdale property. 

John Archdale was succeeded in 1621, by his son 
Edward, born in 1604, who having married Angel, 
daughter of Sir Paul Gore, thus introduced the name 
"Angel" since perpetuated in the family. Mr. 
William Archdale succeeded before 1662, and it was his 
daughter Angel who was married to Mr. Nicholas 
Montgomery who assumed the name of Archdall. 

This Mr. Nicholas Archdall was the eldest son 
of Mr, Hugh Montgomery of Derrygonnelly by 
Catherine, daughter and heiress of Mr. Richard Dunbar. 
Mr. Nicholas Montgomery assumed the name of 
Archdall in 1728, four years after his marriage, and thus 
brought the Montgomery estate of Derrygonnelly into 
the Archdall family ; while Mr. Archdall's younger 
brother, Hugh Montgomery, remained at Innishmore. 
This Mr. Hugh Montgomery was the ancestor of the 
present Mr. Hugh de Fellenburg Montgomery, D.I/., 
of Blessingbourne. 

Colonel Mervyn Archdall, who succeeded his father, 
Nicholas, built the present mansion of Castle Archdall 
in 1773. Colonel Archdall became Member for the 
County of Fermanagh in 1761, and sat continuously 
till the last Irish Parliament of 1798, in which he 
refused the bribe of a Peerage to vote for the Union. 

He was succeeded by Colonel Archdall, junior, 
who rose to the rank of General in the army, and he 
retired from Parliament in 1834, and was succeeded 
by his nephew, son of Edward Archdale of Rivers- 
dale, Mervyn, shortly after attaining his majority. 
This Mr. Mervyn Archdale rose to the rank of 
Captain in the Inniskilling Dragoons, and in that 
rank he is represented in the oil painting in the 


Grand Orange Hall of Bnniskillen presented to him 
in recognition of his service as Member of Parliament 
till the Parliament of 1868. He was in time suc- 
ceeded by his younger brother William, who sat in the 
Parliament of 1874 and 1880. He was followed in 
the headship of the house by his nephew, Edward, 
eldest son of the Rev. Henry Archdale. This Mr. 
Archdale died in 19 16 without issue, and was succeeded 
by his younger brother, Colonel James Blackwood 
Archdale, at Castle Archdale. Subsequently Mr. William 
Archdale's nephew, Edward Mervyn, eldest son of 
Nicholas Archdale of Crocknacrieve, and therefore 
cousin of Colonel James Blackwood Archdale, was 
induced to enter Parliament as representative for the 
county, but he retired in 1903, returning again to 
Parliament for North Fermanagh in 19 16, thus 
continuing a remarkable record of the Archdale family 
representing the county Fermanagh for a century and 
a half. 

The masonry of Castle Archdale is in some 
places 3ft. 3in. thick. Over the arch-head is a tablet 
set in the masonry telling in Latin that "John 
Archdale built this house in the year of our lyord 
1615." Four of the original windows remain. The 
building, as usual in these erections built for defence, 
is pierced with shot holes : in Castle Archdale they 
resemble a pear. No care had been taken of the 
building until the last decade, and what was un- 
doubtedly a fine example of the Plantation Castles 
was allowed to go to ruin. 

Crevinish Castle was built by Thomas Blenner- 
hassett, who obtained his grant on the 30th June, 


1610. He also obtained one half of the Proportion 
at Kdernagh (Ederney), and portion of one at 
Tolmacken. He had altogether 95 Irish tenants* in 
the year 1624, while on the neighbouring southern 
estate of Nekarney the tenants were all British. 
Crevinish Castle did not remain long in existence 
till it fell into decay, for we find in a letter of 
Henry Blennerhassett of 1662, who was High Sheriff 
from 1658 to 1 66 1, dated 22nd May, 1697, to his 
wife says — 

"I did give Jolin Moffett power to set a new Manor 
Hassett. Mr. Kirkwood did no good in Crevinish. The hoxue 
is ruinous and the orchards spoiled. I did cause to set it and 
the mill to Mr. Hamilton, t who will take more care of it, and 
is to dwell in it himself." 

Pynnar found upon this Proportion a bawne of 
lyime and Stone, in length 75 feet and in breath 47 
feet, and 12 feet high, having four flankers. "Within 
this bawne there is a house | of the length thereof 
and 20 feet broad, two stories and a-half high, his 
wife and family dwelling therein. He hath begun a 
church.g He hath also a small village consisting of 
six houses, built of cagework, inhabited by English." 

• An Inquisition of the time of Charles I. shows that some of the yearly 
tenants held on this estate two tates or half a quarter of land, namely — 
Teig M'Cafferey, Neel M'Cafferey, Teig M'CafFerey, Brien roe Cassidie, Patrick 
og-e M'Cafferey, Philip M'Cafferey, Cormac O'Rowarty, I^oughlan M'Cafferey, 
Neece O'Corra, Art O'Mullan, John Maguire, Patrick O'Kowherty, Brian 
M'Kniiey, Patrick duff M'Cafferey, Cormac merga O'Muldootie, Neil M'Cafferey, 
and Patrick raodder M'Caffrey. 

t I should not be surprised if this Mr. William Hamilton was the ancestor 
of the Hamiltons of Pettigo and subsequently of Bundorau. The name of 
Moffett reminds one of a family of the name in the vicinity of Irvinestown. 

t The names of the men who guided the work were — Maurice Cowper, 
Robert Rakins (Rankin), Thomas Andrewe, Thomas Foe, William Cox, Clinton 

{ Inside the church, alongside the Castle, is a large monumental flagstone, 
bearing a coat of arms and traces of an inscription now rendered illegible, 
believed to have been placed there in memory of Mr. Thomas Blennerhasset, 
the founder. The present church of Castle Archdale represents this church 
of Crevinish. 


Portion of the church and housa still remain. The 
village was the village of Kesh. 

Leonard, the son of this Thomas Blennerhassett, 
on the 27th October, 1630, obtained a re-grant of 
these lands and constituted them into the Manor of 
Castle Hassett. He also procured a licence for a 
'"corn-mill upon the river of Cash or Letterkeene/' 
and a market each Wednesday in the town of Cash 
or Letterkeene, and two fairs, on the 20th September 
and the 20th May. This Mr. Leonard Blennerhassett 
was knighted. His son Henry succeeded him at Castle 
Hassett, and on his death the property reverted to 
his widow, Phoebe, and on her death to her 
daughters, Debora and Mary, between whom it was 
divided. It was on the death of Debora's son, 
Henry Cochrane, that her representatives, LiHias 
Squire and James Irwin, sold her estate to George 
Vaughan (of Buncrana), who became High Sheriflf of 
Fermanagh in 1744, and the founder of the Vaughan 
Charity at Tubrid, to which the Castle and grounds 
finally passed. Mary Blennerhassett's son, Henry 
Bingham, sold the rest of the family property to 
Colonel Chris. Irwin, of Castle Irwin, and others on 
1 6th September, 1719. 

What is stated to have occurred at Crevenish 
Castle before the Rebellion of 1641 has already been 
recorded in these pages, but another account of the 
same incident is preserved by some members of the 
Johnston family in America, that it was held locally that 
the flames of the village now called Lisnarick 
[Lisnarrog] were to have been the signal for the 
rising in this district ; and that it was Bryan Maguire, 
of Tempo House, who gave the warning to Sir Wm. Cole 
•and other gentlemen, at Crevinish, as to the Rebellion. 


The Castle of Nekarne or Nekarney was erected 
on the Proportion of i,ooo acres allotted to Kdward 
Warde by grant of 13th May, 161 1. He did nothing 
himself to carry out his undertaking, according to 
Pynnar, and he conveyed it to a Mr. Kdward Sutton 
from Nottinghamshire, and he conveyed it in the 
same year to Mr. Thomas Barton,* who had already 
acquired a considerable portion of the barony of 
lyurg. Mr. Barton sold in turn to Gerard Lowther, 
one of the judges of the Court of Common Pleas, 
Dublin. lyowther had already acquired a Proportion 
at Drominshin, and he obtained a patent on 20th 
February, 161 8, to constitute these two manors into 
the Manor of Lowther (lyowtherstown), with a licence 
to hold a weekly market there on Tuesdays, and a 
fair on the ist-2nd May and I5th-i6th August. Sir 
Gerard I^owther also obtained the manors of Ross- 
gweer in 1629 (first granted to Edward Flower) and 
in 1630 of Runnings (first held in 16 10 by Henry 
Hunning or Gunningf), and subsequently by Henry 
Flower (1623), his son Thomas Flower and Edward 
Hatton and John Greenliara. 

• Thomas Barton, of Norwich, was an applicant for a " Small Proportion " of 
1,000 acres, and obtained a g-rant of Dromynshiti, which included the island of Innish- 
clare, also in lyUrg-, on the 27th September, 4^ ; and he parted with Lettermore in 
1613 to Mr. Christopher Irvine, Rossfad toMr. l^ancelot Carleton in the same 
year, Sydare, &c., in 1618, to Henry Lord Ffolliott, Rossclare to Henry Flower in 
i6i6, and the rest of the Proportion to Gerard I,owther. Kossclare afterwards 
passed to the Irvine family. Mr. Chris. Irvine also purchased from Mr. 
Barton the lauds of Coolgarren, &c., part of the original Manor of Drum- 
keen or Newporton [Balliuamallard], which had been granted to Lord FoUiott, 
but he exchanged with Mr. Barton other lands for them. The Manor of 
Bannagrhmore, extending from the river Bannagh at Clonelly to Belleek, granted 
to Sir Edward Blennerhassett on 3rd July, 1610, and it was divided ; and from 
Ban«agh river to beyond the Waterfoot was purchased and controlled by the 
Barton family. Mr. Thomas Barton was one of the first Burgesses of the 
town of Enniskillen. Captain Charles R. Barton, D.I,., of the Waterfoot, is 
m direct descendant of Mr. Thomas Barton. 

+ Hunningstown is believed to be the modern lyisnarrick, also called at one 
time Archdale's town. " Near to the Bawue there is a village in which there 
are n houses, inhabited with English families." The grant was to Henry 
Hounynge or Hunning of Darsham, Suffolk, of 1,000 He sold the lands. 


On the death of Sir Gerard Lowther his son 
Henry I^owther of Cockermouth, succeeded to possession, 
and on the 23rd December, 1667, the lands were 
sold to Christopher Irvine, a connection by marriage 
of Sir Gerard's, who already with him had possessed 
the Manor of Rossgweer, — so that the whole Manor 
of Lowther containing the original lands of the 
manors of Nekarney, Dromynshin, Rossgweer, and 
Hunningstown passed to the Irvine family. 

This Dr. Christopher Irvine, M.D., was a member 
of the ancient Scottish family of Irvine or Erw^in of 
Bonshaw in Dumfries and the grandson of Christopher 
Irvine who came to Fermanagh as a Commissioner 
for levying subsidies in 1631. His grandson, Dr- 
Christopher Irvine, M.P., married the widow of Henry 
Blennerhassett (see ante) who became High SheriflF of 
Fermanagh in 1689 and 1690 during the Revolution, 
and in 1693 succeeded his uncle Sir Gerard Irvine 
(on his death in the Williamite camp at Dundalk) at 
Castle Irvine, and as Member of Parliament for Fer- 
managh. Dr. Christopher Irvine was followed in the 
ownership of the Castle Irvine estate by his cousin 
Colonel Christopher Irvine, son of his uncle Mr. Wm. 
Irvine of Ballindullagh ; while about the same time 
Colonel Christopher Irvine's younger brother obtained 
the property for a long time known as Rockfield, but 
named Killadeas by his great -great-great grandson, 
Colonel John Gerard Irvine, father of Major Gerard 
Irvine the present owner of the Killadeas estate. 

Pynnar found that at Irvinestown there was in 
1619 a strong bawne and a house, and near the 
bawne a village of ten houses and a market house 
and a water mill, with 16 British families, and 
under-tenants, to make 28 men with arms. This 


village was known as I^owtherstown till Mr. Henry 
Mervyn D'Arcy Irvine about i860 changed the name 
to Irvinestown. It is the second town in the County 

On the death of Mr. H. M. D'Arcy Irvine, the 
heavily mortgaged property passed to his son, a minor, 
and finally in trust to the boy's uncle, Captain Wm. 
D'Arcy Irvine, who sold the property under the Irish 
Purchase Acts, to the tenants, while he purchased 
the castle and demense for himself. On the death 
of Captain Wm. D'Arcy Irvine he was succeded by 
the surviving son. Major Chas. Cockburn D'Arcy 
Irvine, who resides at the Castle. 


The Castle of Tully, the original home of Sir 
John Hume or Humes in this county, has already 
been referred to (pages 112 and 113) in connection 
with the massacre of 164 1. It remains a black ruin 
on the westward shore of Lough Krne, not only as 
a momento of the terrible tragedy of that year but 
of the largest Plantation in Fermanagh, exceeding the 
extent of the largest Proportion, and extending to as 
many as 4,500 acres. It was planted chiefly with 
Scotch Presbyterian settlers whose names proclaim 
their origin — Elliott, Dundas, Cathcart, Spence,. 
Trotter, Gordon, Hamilton, Saunderson, Crawford,. 
Graham, Ferris, Kerr, Somerville, Porteus, &c, 

Pynnar visited Sir John's residence in 1619, and 
thus described it — 

Sir John Humes hath 2.000 acres [very large acres !] 
called Carry nroe. Upon this portion there is a bawne of lime 
and stone 100 feet square and 14 feet high, having four 
flankers for the defence. There is also a fair strong castle 


50 feet long and 21 feet broad. He hath made a village near 
unto the bawne, in which are dwelling 20 families. 

The village in question was likely that of 
Churchhill, which until that time and until the 
present highway was constructed about 1825 lay 
on the direct road* to Belleek, and was a frequent 
halting place for soldiery as late as during the first 
part of the 19th century to and from Enniskillen. 

Pynnar found planted upon this estate four 
freeholders, **two having 20 acres le piece," and two 
having 100 acres ; nine lessees for years, one having 
240 acres, one having 120 acres, six having 60 acres 
le piece, and one having 40 acres ; and 11 cottagers 
(with lots from 30 acres to two acres) — total 24 
families, most of whom had taken the Oath of 
Supremacy, being able to make 30 men with arms. 

But this Proportion was not the whole of the 
Homef or Hume estate. Sir John purchased from 
his brother Alexander the adjoining manor of 
Drum cose, 1,000 acres, on which there was " a Bawne 
of 80 feet square of Lime and Stone 12 feet high," 
but no house on it ; and the Manor of Moyglasse, 
1,500 acres, from William Fuller or Fowler. Nor on 
this Proportion was there any house. But of British 

• The old road of to-day still shows its track. It left Enniskillen West 
Bridge over the then high hill crowned by the present military hospital, 
along by Willoughby Place, over Portora hill, swerving to the left over 
Drumlyon hill, along by Kinarla to Dunbar. Then swerving to the left it 
goes by Rabron, and skirts Cullen hill on the east towards Claragh, and 
Tullynadall to Churchhill ; and keeping to the side of the mountain (not the 
low level of the present main road) it pursued its way to Belleek. This 
road was re-fashioned in parts. Portora Hill was avoided about 1775 by the pres«nfc 
line round its western base, by I,ough Galliagh, and onward by a new bridge over 
the inlet to Kinarla lake, as at present ; but this road ran also by way of Churchhill, 
and is shown on a map in my possession dated 1821, — after which time the present 
an4 lower road by the western shore ot I^ower I,oug-h Erne was constructed, leaving 
the older road at lycvally. The County Sligo formerly extended to that portion of 
the present county of Donegal west of the river Erne to Bundrowes. 

t Sir John Hume's name was also spoken of as Home or Humes. The 
latter pronunciation is preserved by the peasantry till this day when, e.g.^ 
they speak of Castle Humes. The former spelling is preserved on the ordnance- 
maps m Home Bay, close to Tully Castle. 



families Pynnar found that Sir John Humes had 
here — 

Freeholders 3, viz. : 
3 having been nominated 
for freeholders but not 
Lessees 12, viz. : 
2 having 120 acres le piece. 
1 having 90 acres. 
9 having 60 acres le piece. ^ 


These 15 have tenants 
nnder them, and are said to 
be able to make 30 men. 
There is good store of 
tlilage, and no Irish families 
thereon, as I am informed. 

By these additions to his original property Sir 
John Hume became the largest land owner in the 
County Fermanagh, and his estate had most British 
tenants. It extended from Enniskillen to Garrison, 
and in modern days was supposed to yield a yearly 
income of £30,000, which under the average landlord 
-could have easily been swelled to £50,000 as the rents 
on the Kly estate were always regarded as low. 

Sir John Hume died in the year 1639, and was 
succeeded by his son Sir George, and grandson. Sir 
John (Governor of Fermanagh during the Revolution), 
and finally by Sir Gustavus.* Failing male succession, 
the estates; passed to Mary, eldest daughter of Sir 
Gustavus, who in 1736 was married to Viscount 
lyoftus of Ely, not an ancestor, be it observed, of the 
late Ely family. Henry, fourth Viscount, succeeded 
to the estates; and on his death in 1783 they passed 
to the Right Hon. Charles Tottenham, son of his 
sister, who was created Baron lyoftus in 1785, and 
finally Marquis of Ely for selling his vote to the 
Irish Parliament for the Union with England. It 
was from these Tottenhams that the Ely family as 
we know them are descended. 

John, the second Marquis, was succeeded by John 

* These Christian names are maintained in the Sly family. 


the third Marquis, whose wife, I^ady Ely, was for 
many years a lady of the Bedchamber to the late 
Queen Victoria, and maintained the state and dignity 
of the house at Kly at Ely I<odge * Her ladyship's 
only son, John Henry Wellington Graham, succeeded 
to the title and estates, and it was during his 
lordship's time that Ely Lodge was demolished — 
circa 1872 — to make way for a new and grander 
house, but the purpose was never carried out, as he 
had no son to succeed him, and his cousin, John 
Henry ,f succeeded in 1889. The Marquis has one 
brother living. 

When TuUy Castle was destroyed by fire, and 
the inhabitants (including the British settlers who 
had fled there for safety) put to death by Rory 
Maguire, it remained for Sir George Hume (who had 
not been there at the time) to find a new residence^ 
and he provided Castle Hume in the townland of 
Drumcose, amid beautiful surroundings, within little 
over three Irish miles of Enniskillen % ; and it was 
finally converted into the Land Steward's quarters §. 
and a farm yard when Ely Lodge was built on an 
island a mile away as the mansion house, and 
spacious grounds were converted into an extensive 

Sir John Hume (who died in 1695), son of Sir 
George, fortified^ Castle Hume during the Revolution, 

• This I^dy Kly, who was well known as a trusted friend of the Queen 
possessed a charming- personality. Often as a boy, I used to listen to her 
discourse with my father on public and estate affairs during: her visits to 
Bnniskillen. Her ladyship died in 1890. 

+ The Marquis was a pupil at Enniskillen Royal School about i86a. 

t It was here the Enniskillen Horse in 1912 had their camp during the Ulster 
movement, and the ofl&cers' quarters were portion of Castle Hume. 

\ The last land steward to reside there was Mr. Dow, during the sixties of the 
last century. A Miss Dow was married to Mr. John Johnston, draper, of Ennis- 
killen, and their family are still alive. Mr. Robert Johnston, the eldest son, resides 
in Enniskillen. 


and raised 100 horses and 200 foot, witH arms, at his 
own cost. He had been an invalid, and retired to 
England, like Sir Michael Cole and others ; it was 
James Humes, the son of Sir John, whose name 
appeared in the Attainder I^ist of 1689. 

Tully Castle has wonderfully survived the storms 
of the centuries, considering its exposed position. 
Several or most of the cut stones of the building 
have been removed. One low large apartment 
extends the length of the building, and another room 
overhead is of the same large dimensions. A winding 
stair, as in Scottish castles, gave access to the different 
floors and apartments. 

The Castle of Belleek,* on the ground of the 
present Pottery, was built during Queen Elizabeth's 
reign, and is shown on a map of 1602. Castle 
Caldwell was built by Francis Blennerhassett, son of 
Sir Edward, who obtained it by letters patent on 3rd 
July, 1 610. Pynnar found " a strong bawne " and a 
"stone house" built in 1619, and Francis also founded 
a village which we believe to be the modern Belleek. 
The property was purchased about the year 1662 from 
the Blennerhasset family by James Caldwell, a 
merchant of Enniskillen, who was created a baronet 
in 1683. He died in 17 17. For further particulars 
see the account of ** James Caldwell" in the I^ist of 
Crown Tenants in Fermanagh for 1678, in volume II. 
The present living representative of the family is 
Mrs. Grierson, wife of the Dean of Belfast, only 
daughter of Mr. John Caldwell Bloomfield, D.L., who 

• The Castl« wag a ruin when seen by Arthur Young in 1776, 




died in 1897. The Castle, which is situated on a 
beautifully-wooded promontory on lyower Lough Krne, 
is now a ruin. The property, being encumbered, was 
taken over by an Insurance Company, who sold the 
timber on it to Mr. Fred. R. Browne, of Abbey 
Lodge, Maguiresbridge. 

When Arthur Young visited Ireland he visited 
Castle Caldwell in the August of 1776, and he was 
charmed with the beauties of the place, as well as 
with the hospitable owner. Sir James Caldwell. He 
found the people industrious but '* remarkably given 
to thieving ;" and " they bring up their children to 
hokijig potatoes, that is, artfully raising them, taking 
out the best roots, and then replanting them, so that 
the owner is perfectly deceived when he takes up 
the crop.** Mr. Young in his book dwells with 
delight on the loveliness of Castle Caldwell sur- 
roundings, and said — " It was with regret I turned 
my back on this charming scene, the most beautiful 
at Castle Caldwell and the most pleasing I have 
anywhere seen." He left on Sir James Caldwell's 
six-oared barge, with colours flying and a band playing, 
and was gratified anew at " the sylvan glories " of 
Lower Lough Krne on his way to Knniskillen. But 
since then the glories of Castle Caldwell have passed 
away while those of Lower Lough Krne remain. 


The Castle of Moyneagh or Monea is of interest 
as having been the home of Gustavus Hamilton, 
chosen to be Governor of Knniskillen during the 
wars of the Revolution. Krected in the townland of 
Moyneagh, it must have been a handsome building. 


and occupied a pretty site overlooking a mere containing 
a crannoge. We learn of it from Captain Pynnar's report : 

Sir Robert Hamilton was the first Patentee. Malcolme 
Hamilton hath 1,500 acres, called Derrinfogher. Upon this Pro- 
portion there is a strong Castle of Lime and stone, being 54 feet 
long and 20 feet broad ; but hath no Bawne unto it, nor any 
other defence for the succouring or relieving his Tenants. 

I find planted and estated upon this land of British Birth 
and Descent: — 

Freeholders* 3, viz. : — 
1 having 384 acres 
1 having 120 acres 

1 having 60 acres 
Lessees 11, viz. : — 

3 having 180 acres jointly 
3 having 120 acres le piece 

2 having 40 acres le piece 
1 having 20 acres 

Of all these 14 Tenants 
there are seven of them have 
taken the Oath of Supremacy, 
and these have divers under- 
tenants under them, all which 
are able to make 77 men 
with reasonable arms. There 
is a good store of Tillage, and 
not an Irish family on all 
the land. 

From which it will be seen that this was a 
strong Protestant settlement, and that tillage of the 
land was the rule. The Monea estate first belonged 
to the Rev. Malcolm Hamilton (16 12), rector of 
Devenish, who became Archbishop of Cashel.f He 

• The freeholders of 60 acres on this estate were Robert Weir (represented in 
recent years by the Weirs of Hall Craig), Gabriel Coningham (Cunningham), 
and James Somervill. 

The leaseholders were — Daniel Elliott, Gabriel Coningham, junr., Alex. 
Coningham, Matt. Chambers, David Cathcart. Gilbert lyavige, John Watson, 
William Crawford, John Hall, George Deibane, John Greer, Wm. Hall, and 
Thomas Cranston. 

It was a descendant of this Cranston who in 1743 bequeathed a legacy to the 
Enniskillen Presbyterian Church for which see Chapter on same in volume III. 

The m.ost appropriate lauds mentioned for letting yearly to Irish tetiants 
were parts of the tates called Aghasillas, Aghakeirine, I,estead. Kilroe, 
Rossenure, Knockbeg, Derrinafogher, Dromorchin (Drumcrin), TuUacreeny, 
Kilduff, Druragormeuy ^Drumgormly), I,aglan, Cromscobbe, and Carrenmore. 
Pynnar reported in 1619-20 that there was not an Irish tenant on any of the 
land, but in 1630 the natives had begun to gather in. 

t One of his Grace's daughters, Anna became the wife of Gabriel, son of Adam 
Cathcart, and mother of Malco'm Cathcart of 1688-q, and of Anna, who was married 
to Josepli Haire in 1697. His sou Robert was married to Phoebe, one of the 
daughters of Captain Hamilton of Belcoo (the great grandson of the Archbishop of 
Cashel already alluded to), and their eldest son Robert, whose widow, Phoebe, was 
burned to death in Castle Balfour, lyisnaskea, when destroyed by fire on the i6th 
of February, 1800. His grandson, Hamilton Haire, solicitor, born in 1872, lived at 
Glassdrummond, Lisnaskea, who by his second marriage to Anne, daughter of Dr. 
Hugh Chittick, of Muckross, became the father of Captain Henry Haire, of Armagh 
Manor, Lisnaskea, and Anna married Mr. Richard King, solicitor, Enniskillen, 
whose two daughters reside at present in Willoughby place, Enniskillen. 

The estate of Charles Hamilton of Belcoo referred to above appears to have 


bequeathed to his fourth son, also Malcolm, all his 
lands in Fermanagh, including a lease of Moyneagh 
(the name of the townland on which the present 
parish church stands), and Malcolm died without issue. 

Archbishop Hamilton was succeeded at Monea 
Castle by his fourth son Malcolm, who married a 
daughter of Robt. Wilkin of Sackton Hill, and all 
trace of him is lost. His youngest brother, I>wis, 
was the father of Gustavus, who in 1688 became 
Governor of Bnniskillen *. 

A market was held on Mondays at Derrynafogherf 
in the village of Castletown, and a fair upon the 
Monday in the week of the feast of Pentecost; and 
it was reported that the Saturday in each week would 
be more convenient for the holding of the market 
and the 22nd September each year for the holding 
of the fair. I^ord Belmore thought that the three 
freeholders whom Pynnar found at Derrynafougher 
were Robert Weir, of Tullymargy, Gabriel Conyngham, 
and James Somerville, of whom the Weirs were the 
last to hold land in the locality, in the townland of 
Moynaghan, in my own experience. 

The estate of Monea, however, was escheated to 
the Crown for violation of the rules of the Plantation, 

passed on to the Hamilton-Jones family, who built the cottag^e at Belcoo, now 
owned and resided in by Mr. John Nixon, D.Iv.,J[.P. Robert Morris Jones, of Ivy- 
brook, married I^etitia Hamilton in 1770, and their son Kenrick assumed the name 
Hamilton before that of Jones. Part of the estate in Monterfoden (between lyough 
M*Nean and Belmore mountain), Glanawley, which Archibald Hamilton got from 
Sir James Balfour— (according to account of the family in the Philipps-Betham 
Mss.)— forms part of the Hamilton-Jones property. I can distinctly remember the 
late Mr. Thomas Morris Hamilton -Jones of Moneyglass, Toomebridge, Co. Antrim, 
driving the judges of assize from Enniskillen to his Cottage at Belcoo in his four- 
in-hand coach about the year 187 1. 

* The mother of Gustavus, the late l^ord Belmore ascertained, was married 
three times afterwards, her second husband having been Richard Dunbar of 
Derrygonnelly, who died in 1666-7 ; for the third time to Capt. W. Shore, a widower ; 
and in 1677 she became the wife of Mr. James Somerville of Tullykelter. This 
lady was again a widow in i688 when her son Gustavus became Governor of 
Iftnniskillen, and he died about 1691. 

+ The term Derrynafogher was used to describe the district, as Monterfoden 
was applied to the district between Belmore mountain and I,ough M'Nean. 


and a fresh grant of it was made on 2nd December, 
1 63 1 to James Hamilton, Viscount Clandeboye and 
Robert Lord Dillon, which is supposed to have been 
•a family arrangement. In 1693 an assignment was 
made of the townland of Rossenure to Adam 
Cathcarte ; and the rest of the lands were constituted 
into the Manor of Castleton, with 400 acres in 
demesne, and a power to hold Courts I^eet and Baron. 

One ot the lessees on this estate, Mr. James 
Somervill of TuUykelter, was married to the Arch- 
bishop's third son, Captain John Hamilton, from whom 
descended two families of Hamilton in Sweden, of 
Hugh and Ludovic. Hugh's eldest brother, Archibald, 
who had been created I^ord Glenawley by James I., 
■and lived at Ballygawley, Co. Tyrone, married Anna 
Balfour, daughter of Sir James Balfour, and thus 
brought the Balfour property at lyisnaskea into the 
Hamilton family. Hugh (who returned to Ireland) 
was created Lord Glanawley on the death of his 
elder brother at sea, and died at Ballygawley in 1679 ; 
and his daughter married Ludovic, third son of the 
Archbishop, whose son Gustavus Adolphus came to 
live at the Castle of Monea. It was this Gustavus 
Hamilton who was chosen by the Enniskillen men to 
be their Governor in 1688, and was appointed by King 
William to be Colonel of the Enniskillen regiment of 
infantry : — of whom more hereafter. The younger 
brother of Gustavus, Malcolm, was major in his 
brother's regiment, and afterwards joined Colonel 
Abraham's regiment of foot, which was disbanded 
in 1698. 

There were two castles — one at Tullymargie, 
townland of Gillyholm, and one at TuUykelter, town- 
land of Drumscollop, in the barony of Magheraboy, 


connected with the families of Carleton* and of 
Somerville respectively. There were also Somervilles 
of Drumadown, where Mr. Porteus now resides, 
Crawfords or Craflfords, Cranstons, and Conninghams, 
all men of substance, so that I assume this Scotch 
Presbyterian barony to have been the wealthiest and 
best nurtured in the County of Fermanagh at the 

The buildings on this property, says the Rev. 
George Hill, are described in 1630 as consisting of a 
house 50 feet high, 20 feet wide, and 50 feet in 
length ; the want of a bawne for defence, complained 
of by Pynnar, in 1620, had been supplied at some 
time during the following ten years, for in 1630 there 
was a bawne reported, the walls of which were nine 
feet high and 300 feet in circumference. These 
structures stood at the village or town called 
Castletown. It was found also by the inquisition 
already quoted, that the chapel of Moyneagh, situated 
in the centre of the parish of Devinish, was a more 
suitable and commodious place for the parish church 
than the church of Devenish, situated in the island 
so called, and in a remote part of the parish. It 
was found, also, that the most appropriate lands in 
this Proportion for letting yearly to Irish tenants 
were parts of the latter called Aghasilles, Aghakeirine, 
Lestead, Kilroe, Rossinure, Knockbeg, Derinefogher, 
Dromorchin, Tullacreeney, Kilduff, Dramgormeny, 
Laghlan, Cromscobbe, and Carrenmore. Pynnar 
reported in i6ig-20 that there was not an Irish 

* The Carletons were of an ancient Cumberland family. Captain Christopher 
Carleton of Tullymargie, who signed the Address at Enniskillen to William 
and Mary, married Anne, a daughter of Mr. George Hamilton of Tullymargie 
Castle. She died in 1722, leaving a son, Mr. Alex. Carleton of Tullymargie, 
George, I^ancelot, and daughter Anne, who was married to Mr. Robert Weir of 
the Hall Craig family. 


tenant on any of the lands, but in 1630 the natives 
had begun to gather in. 

The Scotch style of architecture is noticeable in 
the castle of Monea by the quadrangular box-like 
turrets which rise from the two semi-cylindical towers. 
The usual stone rests for flooring remain in the 
towers, and the winding stairs were in the towers. 
The late Mr. William F. Wakeman, F.R. Irish Academy, 
one of our best known antiquaries, when drawing 
master at Enniskillen Royal vSchool in my boyhood, 
wrote that when he visited the place he met an old 
resident in the neighbourhood, who stated that about 
forty years previously 

Mr. John Brien had given leave to Mr. Weir, of Hall 
Craig, to take off the corner tower (bartizan) of the north- 
eastern angel of the castle, in order to use the stones as 
building materials. Nearly all the coigns and jambs within 
easy reach of the ground hare disappeared, those only of the 
doorway, which, owing to the action of fire, are valueless for 
ordinary purposes, being allowed to remain in situ. It would 
appear from the same authority that about five years ago the 
spiral stairs already referred to remained intact. They were, 
he said, broken down by one Owen Keenan, whose family of 
boys were always climbing, by their aid, to most perilous 
positions amongst the crumbling walls and parapets. He 
further stated that about a like period, a weird woman, 
named Bell M'Cabe, took up her residence in a vault beneath 
one of the towers. The place is still pointed out. From this 
romantic, if not desirable, lodging, the poor creature was, not 
without some diflBculty, expelled by Captain Brien, the then 
proprietor, who feared that the "squatter" might be found 
dead on the wretched premises, and that some inquiries might 
ensue, involving the trouble incident to a coroner's inquest. 


As Castle Balfour is mentioned frequently in 
these pages it is desirable not to overlook it, though 
the Balfours have long since passed away. The 


Castle lies close to the village of I^isnaskea and to 
the line of the ancient road which ran from the 
Moat by way of the Pound along the Back Lane 
past the Castle and through the present Workhouse 
grounds to the ancient church of Aghalurcher* 
Although now a ruin, the description given of the 
Castle in Henry's Upper Lough Erne in 1739 ^^^^s 
that it was at that time the seat of Harry Balfour, Esq., 

and a large old castle, encompassed with groves and plantations. 
By the several improvements and ornaments added to it by 
the present owner, it makes a shining figure from the lake, 
all along the country lying on the opposite side of the lake. 

It is Stated that this castle was erected on the 
site of a former stronghold by Connor Roe Maguire, 
of 1 6 10, whose clan was strong in the Lisnaskea 
region. The grant was made to Michael, Lord 
Balfour of Burleigh, of Fifeshire in Scotland, 

of a patent of naturalisation, and the lands, &c., following. 
Fermanagh Co. In Knockinny Bar. The great proportion of 
lyegan MuUolagha q^- 4 tates ; Intramatta \ q' • 2 tates ; 
Rameaw q"^- 4 tates ; Carne q'" Magallon q'- Macarrigio q'- 
Drombrouchas q""- Legan q'- 4 tates each ; Corrodawre \ q'- 2 
tates, next to Drombrochus ; the islands of Inishlaght, Inish- 
linne, and Inishgree, \ tate each, all in Lougherne, with free 
fishing therein ; in all 2,000 acres. The presentation, advowson, 
and patronage of the vicarage of DrummuUy, the small pro- 
portion of Carowshee, Ballini-Caflfer q'- 4 tates ; Carowshee q'- 
4 tates; Castlekeagh q'- 4 tates; Coragh, 1^ tate; Corrodore \ 
q'- 1\ tates ; the island of Inishcorkish, \ tate ; the island of 
Tranish, \ tate ; the island of Dirrinish, \ tate ; all in Lougherne 
with free fishing in that Lough; in all, 1,000 acres. The 
islands of Inishturke and Trassna, 1 tate, containing 60 acres, 
and the \ q"^- of Intramalta, containing 120 acres, are excepted 
from this grant. The premises are erected into the manor of 
Legan and Carroshee, with 900 acres in demesne, and a court 

• Most probably not used since its sanctuary was violated by one of the 
Ifagruires who slew his kinsman on the altar in 14S4. 


baron. Total Rent, 16z Bng., to hold for ever as of the 
Castle of Dublin, in common soccage. 29 Jun. 8th. [James 1.] 

This lyord Burleigh was one of the failures of the 
Plantation. He sold the property to his brother- 
germayne, Sir James Balfour of Pitcullo in 1615, who 
four years later was created Lord Balfour of Clanawley, 
and was appointed " commander and governor of the 
County of Fermanagh" in succession to Lord ffolliott* 
of Ballyshannon, on the 3rd of December, 1624. We 
learn what was done in pursuance of the grant by 
the report of Captain Pynnar : — 

Precinct of Knockninny, allotted to Scottish Undertakers, 
3,000 acres. The Lord Burleigh was first Patentee. Sir James 
Belford, Knight, hath 1,000 acres called Carrowshee, ulaia 
Belford, and 2,000 acres in a remote place, and out of all 
good way. He hath begun his building at Castle-Skeagh,"t and 
hath laid the foundation of a Bawne of Lime and Stone 70 
feet square, of which the two sides are raised fifteen feet high. 
There is also a Castle of the same length, of which the one 
half is built two stories high, and is to be three stories and 
a half high. There are great numbers of Men at work, which 
are bound to finish it speedily, and all materials I saw in the 
place. This is both strong and beautiful. There is also a 
Plot laid out for a church, which must be 75 feet long, and 
24 feet broad, all which is now in hand, and promised to be 
finished this summer. There is also a school, which is now 
64 feet long, and 24 feet broad, and two stories high. This 
is of good Stone and Lime, strongly built ; the Roof is ready 
framed, and shall be presently set up. Near the Castle there 
is a House in which Sir James and his Family are now 
dwelling ; and adjoining to this there is a town, consisting of 
40 houses of Timber-work and Mud-wall. All these are 

• Sir Henry Folliott of 1609 acquired by purchase from the patentee. 
Auditor Gofton, the monastery of Asheroe, four cottages, fields, &c., with 
many townlands, 12 ruinous eel weirs upon the river Erne between I,ough Kme 
and Ballyshannon Castle, with two loops upon the salmon leap ior taking 
«almou near the said castle, and liberty to fish, and boat to fish, &c., all of 
which belonged to the Earl of Tyrconnell and had become forfeited to the ' 
Crown. Sir Henry Folliott was created Baron Folliott of Ballyshannon in 1619, 
and the title became extinct with the death of his grandson in 1716. 

+ This district was included in the barony of Knockninny (now restricted 
to the other side of the lake) in those days. 

CASTLE BALFOUR, Lisnasfcea. (Sec page J42. 

On the Fermanagh border, near Belturbet. (See page 148 ) 

[Face page 144 








inhabited with Brittish Tenants, and is the only Thoroughfare 
into the Country. I find planted in these two Proportions 82 
Men armed, which I saw ; but not any of these have any 
Estates as yet, as they told me, or at leastwise they did not 
show me any. 

The number of armed men on this Proportion 
and the beginning of the village of I^isnaskea tells of 
work done. The village in those days must have 
run alongside the old road. It was burnt during the 
Revolution, and apparently was reconstructed along a 
newer road running up towards Clifton lyodge (by the 
Loan Fund Office) ; and a still further advance was 
made when the broad Dublin Road was constructed 
along the new line towards the present workhouse. 

The lyord Balfour had a contention with Bishop 
Spottiswoode regarding the Free School to be placed 
at Enniskillen for the County Fermanagh, which will 
be found dealt with in the chapter on Enniskillen 
Royal School hereafter. Eord Balfour was evidently 
a man fond of having his own way, and when he 
placed the Royal School at lyisnaskea he thought he 
could retain it there and pocket the revenues of the 
estate allotted to it. But in this design he failed. 
Sir William Balfour, his brother, purchased the estate, 
including the Manor of Dresternan and another, but 
lie did not reside permanently at Castle Balfour, being 
Lieutenant of the Tower of London. 

General Ludlow, Cromwell's Commander-in-Chief 
of the Forces in Ireland, tells us of a visit in 1652: — 

I marched to Inniskillen, in the county of Fermanagh, 
that I might take a view of the Place, and likewise provide 
Materials to fortify Lesneskey, otherwise Ballybalfoar, and to 
reduce an Island kept by the Irish in Lougherne, with another 
Fort they possessed near Belturbet. Being at Lesneskey I wa8 
met by . . . Having fortified this Place, and made some 

146 PI^ANTATION CASTI^^S. [1660 

preparations for the reduction of the Island before mentioned 
I received . . . 

Sir William Balfour was succeeded by his son 
Charles Balfour in 1660, who lived during the Revo- 
lutionary period but made no mark on the time, so 
that I conclude he was one of the refugees to 
England. The castle was much injured in March 
1689, as we read in M'Carmick's Impartial Account : — 

Ere Galmoy came the length of Lisnaskey, a cursed 
fellow, one Kemp, with some of the rabble of the country, 
his consorts, burnt that pretty village, to the great loss of the 
inhabitants and the worthy gentleman that owned it, as also 
a prejudice to Inniskilling, it being capable of quartering a 
regiment of men. . . . But ere the town was burnt, we 
had brought from thence a many tuns of iron belonging to 
Mr. Belfore, and most of the lead of his house, which proved 
very serviceable to us, both to horse and foot. 

When Mr. Charles Balfour died in 1713, the three 
estates passed to his son William, who died without 
issue in 1738; and the estates passed by will to his 
nephew Harry Townley, who was the owner at the 
time of Dean Henry's visit in 1739 already alluded 
to. On the death of Mr. Harry Townley in 1759, the 
estates passed to Blayney Townley, of Townley Hall, 
Drogheda. The castle was subsequently occupied by Mr. 
James Haire* (see page 137), during whose tenancy 
the house was destroyed by fire about 1803. The 
estates eventually passed into possession of John, first 
Karl of Erne in the year 1821 for a sum of ;^82,500 : 
and the ruin beside the Church of Irisnaskea remains 
to tell of the vicissitudes of the past. 

* Mr. James Haire's descendants declare that he was offered the title of 
I,ord Glenawley owing to his ancestry (see page 137), but as all the title dteds 
and documents were burnt in the fire it would have cost him too much to 
prove his claim. 

I6ll] CROM CASTI.K. I47 


The ancient Castle of Crom, of which the ruins 
remain by the waters of Upper Lough Erne, was 
another Castle of the Plantation period, having been 
begun in 161 1 by the Patentee, Michael Balfour, the 
laird of Mountwhanny, in Fifeshire, who got a Middle 
Proportion of 1,500 acres. It was included in the 
ancient barony of Knockninny, though on the east 
side of the I^ough, and south of the grant of 
Carrowshee (Lisnaskea) to the other Michael Balfour^ 
Lord Burley or Burleigh. 

Mr. Balfour, according to the Carew manuscripts, 
brought over eight freeholders from Fifeshire with 
him and eight women servants. He felled 200 oaks, 
provided lime, and brought over a dozen horses and 
mares with household stuff, &c. It was eip^t years 
afterwards, in 16 19, that he sold the Manor of Crom 
or Kilspinan to Sir Stephen Butler, who had acquired 
property at Newtownbutler and Belturbet, Then 
Captain Nicholas Pynnar came along and found — 

Upon this proportion there is a Bawne of Lime and Stone, 
being 60 feet square, 12 feet high, with two Flankers. Within 
the Bawne there is a House of Lime and Stone. I find planted 
and estated upon this land, of Brittish Tenants, Lessees for years, 
12, viz., 1 having ISO acres, 3 having 120 acres apiece, 1 having 
140 acres, 1 having 90 acres, 6 having 60 acres apiece. Total: 
these 12 families*, consisting of 15 men, do dwell dispersedly 
here; not one Freeholder but many Irish. 

Later, in the year 1629, we find that at an 
Inquisition held at Newtown [Newtownbutler] there 
is a recital in Latin of the foregoing information, and 
adding that "upon the tate or parcel of the land of 
Doohat is built in like manner one other Castle, or 

• It would be interesting to leara what families these were.— Author. 


messuage, of lime and stone, containing 22 feet in 
each way, and in height 20 feet. About 1624 the 
lands of Crom, along with Drumbrochas and Inish- 
fendra were leased to Bishop Spottiswoode, consecrated 
Bishop of Clogher in 1621, who next went to live at 
Portora Castle. The Bishop's third daughter, Mary, 
was married to Colonel Abraham Creichton circa 1655, 
and thus passed into the hands of the Creichton family. 
It was this Colonel Abraham Creichton who was at 
Crom during the Revolution. 


Of Aghalane Castle, on the county verge, within 
two-and-a-half miles of Belturbet, there are only ruins. 
The grant in this instance was to another Scotsman, 
Thomas Moneypenny, laird of Kinkell, Fifeshire, of 
1,000 acres, created the Manor of Aghalane, at a 
rent of £5 6s 8d a year. But the laird did not fulfil 
the conditions of the grant: he sold it to Thomas 
Creichtone, nephew of Abraham Creichton, who got 
possession of Crom. 

When Captain Pynnar came round he found in 
possession a Mr. Adwick, brother of Katherine, the 
widow of Captain Thomas Creichtone and guardian 
of her infant son. Mr. Adwick also held the 
neighbouring Manors of Monaghan in County Cavan 
and Dresternan (near Derrylin). An Inquisition of 1623 
held at Enniskillen gives the following particulars of 
settlers on the Manor of Aghalane : — 

Teige MacMurchie, tate Grate (paying rent to Abraham 
Creighton) ; Thomas MacCorrie, \ tate Kinroslie (paying rent to 
Thomas Robinson, an English tenant) ; Coll O'Rely, Donogh 
Maguire, Bryantagh M'Corrie, and Farrell O'Rely, tate Dromborrie 
(paying rent to Thomas Shittleton); James MacManus, Philip 
MacMarten, tate Gortegorgan (paying rent to Abraham Creighton) 

1840] AGHAI^AN^ CASTI^K. 1 49 

Knoghor MacCorrie, -upon one parcel of a tate of land (paying* 
rent to Francis Robinson) ; Owen Maguire, and Manus Maguire, 
^ tate of Dromlett (rent unknown) ; Brian MacIUvine, and others, 
two tates Faneshkenragh, Enisterk (Inisterk), Giglani, and 
Derricree (rent unknown). 

On this Manor Abraham Creichtone built a house 
in 1 61 6, in the townland of Drumboory, which lasted 
so long as about 1840-45, and was burnt, and a farm 
house was built upon the site. Among the settlers 
on the estate was Mr. Guy Winslow, who acquired 
the freehold of Derryvore ; Mr. Wm. Morton, Mullina- 
coagh ; and Mr. Wm. Green,^'' who made a deposition 
on 4th April, 1643, as to the visit of the Irish 
during the rebellion of 1641 to Aghalane, on the 
Saturday, 24th October, and he fled with Rev. Dr. 
Teale of Dresternan to Virginia, Co. Cavan, when 
they informed the Rev. George Creichton of the rising. 
He stated that the rebels *' hanged John Sealy and 
one John Ogle, but spared my own life, because I 
was so very old.*' 

The Rev. George Crichton himself was taken and 
kept as a prisoner at Virginia for some time, and 
was treated with some consideration. The lives also 
of his wife and children were spared. He saw 1,400 
refugees from County Fermanagh pass his door, to 
several of whom he was able to administer relief. 
The rev. gentleman subsequently became rector of 

• This William Green I assume to be the father of Mamiadiike Green of 
Drumnasklin or Drumnisklin (died 1681) who was married to Jane, sister of 
Col. Abraham Crichton of Crom, and the grandfather of the Rev, Wm. Green, 
rector of Killesher, attained by King- James's Parliament, who resided at Dres- 
ternan, near Derrylin. Although the house he lived in has long since passed 
away, a meadow on the place is still spoken of as " Mr. Green's orchard." 
Rev. Wm. Green had two sons, of whom one, ^Ir. Henry Green, who resided in 
the townland of Dresternan, was High Sheriff of the county in 1721; and the 
other, Mr. Brookhill Green, married Sarah, daughter of Mr. Hugh Montgomery 
of Derrygonnelly. The eldest daughter of the Rev. W. Greene married Mr. 
Charles King of Corrard, and the younger Major Christopher Irvine of Cules, 
ancestor of Major Irvine of Killadeas. 


His second daughter and sole heiress, married John 
Crichton, of the Dumfries branch of the family, and 
it was this Mr. Crichton was in possession of 
Aghalane during the Revolution.* His eldest son, 
Robert, succeeded to the Manor in 1693, and he 
conveyed it to his brother John. It was during his 
tenure, the Castle having fallen into disrepair, that 
Colonel Crichton built a new house at Killynick. On 
his death in 1738, the house at Aghalane and lands 
were sold to Sir Samuel Cooke, Bart., M.P., Alderman 
of Dublin ; and his grand-daughter, who inherited it, 
having married in 1797 the Hon. John Qrichton, son 
of John, first Karl of Erne, the Manor of Aghalane 
thus became part of the Erne estate, 


Under the Plantation 1,000 acres were allotted to 
George Smelhome or Smethorne to be the Manor of 
Derryanye, lying near the lake between I^isnaskea 
and Newtownbutler. This Scotch gentleman soon 
returned to Scotland, not having fulfilled any of the 
obligations of his trust, and sold the property to Sir 
Stephen Butler on the 26th of August, 161 8. Captain 
Pynnar found planted upon the land three leaseholders, 
who were Richard Buckland, Robert Montgomerye, 
and Charles Waterhouse. Charles Waterhouse,t by 
his marriage with Etheldred, sister of Sir Stephen 
Butler, seems to have acquired the whole property, 
and died in 1638. His eldest daughter and heiress 
Elizabeth, who died in 1671, was married to John 

* A meadow where the river of Aghalane enters IvOugh Erne was termed 
the Bloody Pass— not the Bloody Pass between Innishfeudra and the Cavau 
side -where other fugitives from the battle of Newtownbut!er were killed by 

1- Sir Samuel Waterhouse had been Chancellor of the Irish Exchequer. 


Madden* of Maddenton, Co. Kildare, and of Enfield, 
Middlesex, in 1635, and thus brought the estate of 
Manorwaterhouse to the Madden family. 

Castle Waterhouse, as the place was called, was 
burnt down by the Irish army during its retreat 
from Lisnaskea to Newtownbutler before the battle of 
31st July, 1689; and the house, which was of three 
stories, built from the site of the old castle was 
visited in 1739 by the Very Rev. Dean Henry, of 
Kilmore, who described the ascent from the eastern 
front by several steps into 

a hall twenty-four feet square, wainscotted and curiously carved ; 
in this a beautiful gallery for music. From the hall is con- 
tinued a great parlour of the like dimensions, which, through 
a long arenue, aflfords a prospect that terminates in a broad 
basin of Lough Erne. This room and the hall are almost 
covered with fine pieces of painting, t several of which are 

• His grandson was the Rev. Samuel Madden, D.D., T.C.D., who was rector 
of Newtownbutler, one of the founders in 1740 of the Royal Dublin Society, and 
left large bequests to Dublin University. He is remembered as '• Premium 
Madden " by reason of these bequests for premiums, aud his gift of £100 to 
be distributed by the Royal Dublin Society, from 1740, which he increased to 
£275 in 1751, and also because he established the system of giving pre- 
miums at" Dublin University. It was he who wrote the History of the 
County of Fermanagh families in what is known as the Philips-Betham manu- 
scripts, purchased in i86o for the great library at Thirlestaine House, Thirlestaine, 
Cheltenham. He died in 1765, and was succeeded by Mr. Samuel Molyneux 
Madden, who was the last of the lamily to live at Manor Waterhouse, as 
when he died in 1784 childless, the Manor Waterhouse estate passed to his 
brother, Mr. John Madden, of Maddenton, now Hilton, who was the 
ancestor of the present Col. John C. W. Madden of Hilton Park and, 
Manor Waterhouse, and of the late Mr. John Madden of Rosslea Manor, 
previously the Manor of Slatmulrooney. Mr. Justice Madden is descended 
from a younger brother of the Rev. Samuel Madden. 

+ In his will dated 9th March, 1761, the Rev. Samuel Madden, D.D., 
made the following bequest :— " I leave and bequeath to the Provost, and 
Fellows of Dublin College, and their successors, twenty of my best pictures 
at their choice, but none to be sold, but to be hung up in the room of the 
Provost's House, where they shall hold their consultations, and there always 
to remain"; and also all such editions of books as I have, of which they have 
no edition whatever, I leave and bequeath to the said Provost and Fellows, 
and their successors, to be put up in separate classes in the Public I,ibrary, 
with this inscription,— the Rift of a Private Clergyman." 

In Maich, 1766, the Bursar of T.C.D , accompanied by " two painters " 
who received twelve guineas each, were sent to Manor Waterhouse to choose 
the pictures. Of the pictures thus bequeathed, only 15 can now be ac- 
counted for with certainty, and their subjects and painters are fully set 
out in the Catalogue of Pictures, " Busts, end Statues in T.C.D., by W. G. 

The remainder of his pictures went to Hilton Park and Roslea Manor. 
On 20th November, 1911, 27 of these pictures from Roslea Manor were 
auctioned by Messrs. Bennett, in Dublin, and Lient.-Col. John C. W. Madden 
bought fifteen of the best, which are now at Hilton Park. 

152 PI^ANTATION CASTI.US. | 1 739 

over Europe. On each hand of the hall, and from the par- 
lour, go o£F large apartments. 

Over the doors which lead into the house are engraved 
sentences out of the classics, expressing the beauty and agree- 
ableness of the country and fine situation, and, indeed, the 
whole seems to be finished with a classical taste and elegance. 
On the south side of the house are large gardens, with several 
walks and terraces that descend steeply to a deep, solemn 
glen, through which runs a large rivulet, which, in some 
places, murmurs gently, in others roars, through the hollowest 
part of the glen, by the several artificial cascades over which 
it pours. The north side of the hill, which descends from 
the house, is covered with a thick, young wood, which is cut 
out into an infinite number of shady walks, terraces, recesses, 
and labyrinths. 

At the bottom of this wilderness winds a rivulet as 
large as the former, in a great number of meanders, some 
originals, done by the names that have been most famous 
times gliding in a deep, clear channel, again breaking in 
cascades; all along its bank is a small, serpentine gravel walk, 
which attends all its twistings through the wilderness which 
make up an English mile. Along this walk, here and there, 
pleasant bowers interwoven of branches of trees and flowering 
shrubs, which hang over the brook ; the banks are diversified 
with a variety of flowers, succeeding one another through the 
seasons ; in several places there opens into this walk little 
winding alleys, which lead into the darkest parts of the 
wilderness, and generally terminate in something agreeable ; 
one of these winds into a circle, in the centre of which is 
piled up a pyramid of bones, and round the circumference 
are erected tombstones with curious inscriptions. Throughout 
all the wilderness nature appears in her native beauty and 
charming wildness ; the strokes of art are scattered with so 
loose and easy an hand as serve only to display nature the 
more, while they are scarce perceived themselves. The whole 
seat seems a fit retreat for the Muses, and it is but a just 
compliment to the numerous, agreeable family that inhabit it, 
to say it is not without the Graces ! 

The house has long since disappeared, the stones 
probably having been used to make the road which 
now passes just below the site. One of the 
stones containing one of the Latin inscriptions is 
to be found in a lime -kiln in the locality. Part of 

l6l2] PORTORA CASTLH. 1 53 

the garden walls only remain to tell of what must 
have been a lovely residence. 


When Captain Cole obtained the Manor of 
Portdorrie or lyurgaveigh or lyearganaffeagh, he con- 
structed, according to obligation, a strong house with 
a bawne overlooking the shoal at what we now call 
Portora Stream — a point of vantage in those days 
before artillery was common. When the Drainage 
Works were being carried out and the bed of the 
river was excavated so as to deepen the channel, 
many ornaments of flint and bronze were discovered, 
and stone and bronze weapons, showing that from 
the De Danaan and Firbolgic times down to the 
time of the Plantation this ford (easily crossable 
except during a time of flood) situated between 
two commanding hills was the scene of many an 
encounter. The river empties itself here into the 
I^ower I^ake amid a scene of great beauty, encircled 
by green hills leading down to the water's edge, and 
clad with luxuriant vegetation. 

The original grant was issued on the 17th Sep- 
tember, 161 2, to Jerome I^indsey of the small Pro- 
portion of Dromskeagh [Drumscue], which included 
Drumskeagh [Drumscue], Cannerlagh [Kinarla], Drom- 
eagh [Drummee], Dromelane [Drumlion], and I^urga- 
veigh [Porttdoreigh or Portora] one tate; Callogh and 
Nerry, one tate ; Urrisse [now Windmill Hill and 
Cole's Hill] ; Mullycreagh [Mullinacaw], two tates ; 
Clonihawla, two tates ; half of I^urgandarragh, one 
tate ; Derrilacka, two tates, and half of Doonconly 
[Drumconlan], two tates ; in all 1,000 acres, with free 

F t 


fishing in Lough Brne. To hold for ever, as of the 
Castle of Dublin, in common socage. 

This Manor was purchased by Captain Cole from 
the patentee one month later, on the 15th October, 
and Captain Pynnar reported — 

Upon this Proportion there is a Bawne of Lime and Stone, 

68 feet square, 13 feet high, with Four Flankers and a stone 

House or Castle three stories high, strongly wrought. He 

also hath an excellent Windmill.* I find planted and estated 

upon this Land, of Brittish families 

Freeholders 2, viz. : — \ 

2 having 120 acres le piece I These 13 families have 

Lessees for years, 11, viz. : — I all taken the Oath of 

1 having 120 acres 

2 having 90 acres jointly 
7 having 60 acres le piece 
1 having a tenement at will 

Supremacy, and have 11 
tenants under them, being 
able to make 34 men. 

We find further particulars in a later report of the 
Inquisition of 1629, which stated : — 

Sir William Cole erected upon the tate called Lurgaveigh 
al' \_aUati] Larganaffeigh alias Portdorrie one fort and bawne of 
lyme and stone, containing 60 foote square every way, and 10 
foote in height ; and hath likewise erected, adjoining thereto one 
castle or capital messuage of lyme and stone, containing 66 foote 
in length, 23 in breadth, and 30 in height, with two flankerst of 
lyme and stone, containing 30 foote in height and ten foote wide. 
There is also built and planted uppon and within the sayd 
proportion 22 English-like houses, and therein now dwelling and 
inhabiting 22 British tenants, vith their families. 

There is a slight error here, as the castle was 
68 feet square, with the two flankers in addition, 
and these were 10 feet in diameter. 

* Hence the name Windmill Hill. 

+ The flankers mentioned in the Inquisition reijort overlook the ruins till 
this day. They were pierced with loopholes, which command the external 
walls. As the report states, there were three storeys, but the stairs and the 
floors have long since disappeared. The chief portion ol the castle was two 
storeys high and amongst the rooms was apparently a kitchen (for near it 
was a large oven) and a store-room. It must have been a handsome build- 
ing in its day, with a splendid state apartment; and it commanded a 
beautiful and extensive view ol rolling hills and of lyOwer l/ough Erne. 

1 613] PORTORA CASTI^B). I55 

It seems strange that while Captain Pynnar re- 
ported that all of them had taken the Oath of 
Supremacy* the Inquisition reported to the contrary, 
for it stated: — 

The said Sir Wil' Cole, knight, did not take the said 
oath, notwithstanding which he, on the 1st of July, in the 
11th yeare of his late Majisties raigne [1613], by his [Cole's] 
deed of » feoffment, did enfeoffe Thomas Shaw of Enniskillen, 
gent., of that parcell of lande called Dromskeagh and Cannar- 
lagh, containing two great tates with their appurtenances. 
The said Thomas Shaw did not take said oath. The said Sir 
William Cole also, by his deede of feoffment, bearing date the 
20th February [1613], did enfeoffe Clinton Ogle, of Kewnunan, 
in the county of Cavan, gent., his heirs and assignes forever, 
of that parcel of land called Derrilackagh, containing two 
great tates, with their appurtenances. The said Clinton Ogle 
did not take the said oath. The said Sir William Cole like- 
wise, on the 1st of May [1613], did demise and lett to 
Richard Orme of Drummeagh [Drummee], gent., all that parcell 
of lande called Drummeagh, containing one greate tate, to 
hold the same for the terme of 61 yeares. The said Richard 
Orme did not take the said oath. The said Sir Wil' Cole 
likewise, at sundrie times and places, by his several deedes of 
lease, bearinge date since the 15th October, 1612, did demise 
and lett the rest of the severall tates and parcells of lande, 
to the several lesses named in the said severall leases showed 
in evidence to the jurors. The said several tenants did not 
take the said oath." 

The portions chosen for the Irish on Sir William Cole's 
estate, were the tates, sessiahs, and parcels, called Lurgveigh 
al' Learga ; Portdorie being one great tate ; Dromclane al' 
Dromclare, one great tate ; Callough and Nerry, one great 
tate ; and Clonconilly al' Clonconidie, one and J tate. {In- 
quititiona of Ulster, Fermanagh, (4) Car. I.) On the 6th of May, 
1629, there was a re-grant to Sir William Cole, his heirs and 
assigns, for ever, of the small proportion of Dromskeagh 
[Drumscue], containing 1,000 acres, in the barony of Maghera- 

• The Oath of Supremacy was—" I doe swear that I doe from my heart 
abhorr, detest and abjure as impious and hereticall this damnable doctrine 
and position that princes excommunicated or deprived by the Pope or any 
authority of the see of Rome may be deposed or murdered by their subjects 
or any other whatsoever. And I doe declare that no forrg^yne prince, person, 
prelate, state, or potentate hath or ought to have any iurisdiction, power, 
superiority, prominence, or authoritie, ecclesiastical or spirituall within this 
realme. Soe help me, &c." 


boy, and other lands containing 120 acres, with liberty of fish- 
ing in the lake or river of Lougherne. To be held as of the 
castle of Dublin, in free and common socage. The premises 
are created into a manor, to be called the manor of Portdorie^ 
with power to create tenures, and hold 400 acres in demesne, 
court leet and court baron, waifs and strays, free warren, and 
liberty to impark 300 acres ; subject to the conditions of 
plantation, and to his Majesty's instructions for re-grants of 
manors escheated to the Crown by neglect of covenants. 

The house had not been long constructed until 
it became the diocesan residence. Portion of this 
Manor of Drumscue, the Castle and townland of Port- 
dorrie, was let by Sir William or sold by him to Dr. 
James Spottiswood, (second son of the Rev. John 
vSpottiswood, parson of Calder in Scotland). He had 
been promoted by King James from being rector of 
Welles in Norfolk, and was consecrated bishop of Clogher 
in November 1621. He had gone to Clogher to live, 
but life in a village did not suit him. The Bishop 
thought a house should be built for succeeding 
bishops in the better country of I^ough Karne, and 
he put his precept into practice by getting Portora 
Castle as a residence, which he occupied from 1621 
till 1628. A stone over the doorway once bore the 
armorial bearings of the See of Clogher between the 
letters J.S. 

As Mary the younger daughter of Dr. Spottis- 
woode was married to Colonel Abraham Creighton, 
who raised a regiment during the Williamite wars, he 
became the grandfather of David Creighton, the 
defender of Crom Castle, of which we shall read 
more hereafter. 

A quarrel having arisen between the Bishop and 
Lord Balfour of Lesneskey, owing to the Bishop pre- 
venting the scheme of I^ord Balfour to alienate the 
lands given to Fermanagh Royal School into the 

1 626] PORTORA CASTILE. 157 

keeping of Lord Balfour, which will be found dealt 
with in the chapter on Portora in Volume III. of 
this work, Lord Balfour retained rancour towards Dr. 
Spottiswoode, as is shown in the incident and encounter 
which caused the death of Sir John Wimbes. When 
the Bishop was in Dublin in the year 1626 on the 
King's service, "sixe or seaven of Balfour's and Sir 
John Wimbes'* and Sir John Wishard'sf servants 
came to Portora, the Bishopp's dwelling place, by 
Inniskilling, and drove awaie between 40 and 50 
English cowes, worth three pounds apiece, w^^ cowes 
belonged to Sir Henry e Spottiswood, the Bishopp's 

The offence was intended for the father, not for 
the son, whose cattle was taken. Previous to this 
the Bishop had sent to Sir John Wishart many times 
for the rent which he owed for church lands lying 
near the Manor of Laytrim or Leitrim ; and to one 
particular demand for payment returned such an 
uncivil reply that the Bishop's servants asked leave 
to distress for the rent. ** Soe by his [the Bishop's] 
direction they went to his [Sir John's] dwelling-place 
at Clantivern [near Clones], and brought away 16 
poore beasts, kows and heyfars, prised at nine pounds 
six. Sir John took this in great snuffe, and by 
Balfour's advice tooke out from the sheriff of the 
county a writt of replevin, to fetch back the goods 
upon security. There was no formality kept in 
takeing out the writ, nor in the execution thereof, 
and Sir John Wishard scornd to redeem his goods ; 
the Bishop's bailiff, therefore, sold the cattle." 

* This name seems to have survived in the locality in the appellation of 
Mr. D. Wymbs of Garrison, County Fermanagh. Other ancient names like- 
wise survive, like that of lyatoumey in I^ack from I,etoumel of the Revolution. 

t Sir John Wishart was a patentee of the Manor of Leitrim near New- 
townbutler, which he subsequently sold to Sir Stephen Butler. 


But when Sir John Wishart's servants wanted 
revenge for the act of law, the result was very 
different. The story of what occurred is thus told 
by Sir Henry : — 

S'- Henrye's servants and some of the Bisliopp's servants 
that were left at home, informed hereof, they followed the 
cattell, and overtaking them at the Bridge of Inniskilling, 
when they would not shewe theire warrant for takeing away 
the catell, they rescued them '■****» But the verie next 
daye after came S'- John Wimbes, highe sheriff, w**' 30 or 40 of 
Balfour's tenaunts and servants, and did drive awaye all the 
goods about the Bishopp's howse, and thoughe there was good 
suretie ofifered him that the goods should be foorthcominge, 
and the Bishopp should aunsweare what could be iustlye 
demaunded of him, yet the sheriff would not render three fayre 
mares and theire coltes. They were so lovelye beasts, He 
tooke them awaye w*'^ him." 

There was also trouble between Balfour's men 
and some of the bishop's servants, who had driven off 
some cattle of I^ord Balfour's pasturing on the 
bishop's lands (near lyisnaskea), and, when within a 
few miles of Inniskillen, were overtaken by Sir J. 
Wimbes and about sixty of Balfour's tenants and 
retainers. In the fray that followed, Sir John having 
wounded one Wm. Galbraith,^ his brother Humphrey, 

• The Rev Geo. Hill in his Plantation of Ulster refers in a footnote 
Ipage 51 1 ) to the matter thus- 
Several brothers [Galbraith] came to Ulster at the time of the plantation, 
and two of them, Humphrey and William, were retained by Spottiswoode, 
the Bishop of Clogher, as upper servants or agents in the management of 
his various and apparently very troublesome affairs. Among their numerous 
duties they seem to have, at times, acted as bailiff* for the bishop, at least 
during the period of his great quarrel with lyOrd Balfour already mentioned. 
In the course of this feud, the belligerents adopted the rather provoking 
tactics of driving off each others cattle. Indeed, this appears to have been 
a species of warfare in which the Scottish settlers showed themselves sus- 
piciously expert— their adroitness at such work suggesting the conclusion 
that some of them at least must have learned the art of ' cattle lifting ' 
before coming to Ulster. An opportunity for the bishop's retainers to do a 
little business in this line had come, and we shall permit the writer of that 
prelate's " lyife," to tell the result of their movements as follows:— ' They 
went to Lissenskea [lyisnaskea], the I,ord Balfour's towne, where, where they 
found three or four horses of Sir John Wimbes [Wemyss, son-in-law to 
Balfour], which they brought away and prized them at Inniskilling. Some 
two days after, the 20th of Decembre, the bishop's servants went out again, 
some five in number, to take a distress for Sir John Wishard's rent, who 
as they were passing by the I^ord Balfour's town, perceived the L,ord Balfour's 

1 628] PORTORA CASTI.K. I59 

"took hold of a long skeane was about Sir John 
Wimbes, and therewith did give him a deadlie 
wound." This act of violence was the occasion of a 
series of troubles to the bishop for many years, 
resulting in his being tried in Dublin for procuring 
his servants to murder the sheriflF. ** The Grand 
Jurye having consulted long upon the evidence, and 
fyndinge it not suflScient, returned the verdict 
* Ignoramus.' " 

I find yet another record in the Inquisitions of 
Tyrone, where the Bishop had obtained a Proportion 
(originally belonging to Edward Blunte) in addition 
to the lands which he held in Fermanagh. As 
the death of Sir John Wemyss had left I^ady Wemj^ss 
and three children without means, and the lady was 
a daughter of I^ord Balfour, she moved the King to 
intervene, and His Majesty appointed arbitrators, who 
decided on the 17th June, 1628, ''that the Bishop of 
Clogher, in whose cause and by whose servant the 
said John Wemyss was slain, should pay unto the 
lady 100/., and make her a lease of fifty or sixty 
years of lands to the clear value of 50/. per annum ; 

stood of mares to be pasturing on the bishop's lands, for which Balfour 
refused to pay rent; they resolved therefore to goe no further so severed 
a part of the stood, and drove them towards Inniskilling ; and were gone 
near seven miles from the place before Sir John Wimbes, and above three 
score of the Lord Balfour's tenants and servants, overtook them. 

Sir John, incensed with the indignity he thought done him so lately, he 
without any worde att the very first, thrust William Galbreith through the 
shoulder with a pyke, then two or three of his company gave him divers 
other wounds. Humphrey Galbreith. seeing his brother in this case, he 
called to Sfr John to forbear, and he should have all content, to whom Sir 
John answered— ' Devill have my soule if we part so;' whereupon Humphrey 
grafted [grappled ?] with Sir John, and while they were wrestling in a dirty 
bog, one David Balfour wounded Humphrey in divers places. Humphrey 
laying his accompt his brother was killed, and himself could not escape, he 
took holde of a long skeen that was about Sir John Wimbes, and therewith 
did give him a deadly wound. So thoy parted, for Sir John's company 
gathered all about Sir John himself, and pursued the bishop's servants no 
further. The bishop's men were all sore wounded, and lost mutch blood, so 
had much adoe to get home. They did not acquaint the bishop with that 
was done, neither did he suspect that unhappy accident, till Sir William 
Cole came to Portora [the bishop's dwelling-place], and affirmed that Sir 
John was deadly hurt, and therefore required the bishop to enter into a 
recognisance of a thousand pounds, to make his servants forthcoming at 
the next assizes." [Spottiswoode Miscellany, vol. i., pp. 113-114.) 


or, in default of such a lease, should by a certain 
time pay 600/." 

There was more trouble between the parties which 
I need not enter into, as to the townlands offered to 
her ladyship being worth £50 yearly, which ended 
in the Bishop (who always appears to have been in 
trouble) having to give her more townlands, so that 
all the lands given to her soon afterwards let at 
£ioo yearly. And there was more trouble as to 
whether the lands so given really belonged to the 
bishoprick or were part of the Mervyn heritage, and 
a Commission sat, and inquiries were made, with the 
result that the unfortunate Bishop had to purchase 
the lands for the bishoprick, and then leased them 
to the lady. This story, and all that it involves, is 
an illustration of times. 

l6o6] THK SHIRE TOWN. l6l 



Having strayed thus far into digression, yet 
having connexion with Enniskillen, we now retrace 
our steps and approach the birth of the town spoken 
of in Chapter II. 

An extract from the ''Project of Plantation" as 
framed by the Irish Government in 1608, states : — 

.... The odd Tathes are 89, or 2,790 acres; whereof 
30 tathes or 93J acres may be equally alloted to three 
corporate towns to be erected, one at Lisgoole, another at 
Castleskagh, and the third in the middle way between Lisgool 
and Ballyshannon, the place or seat of the town to be chosen 
by the commissioners . . . Thirty-nine tathes or 1,228 acres 
to the College of Dublin as aforesaid, and 20 tathes, or 625 
acres for the maintenance of a free school to be erected at 
I^isgool. . . . 

The Rev. George Hill in his Plantation of Ulster 
comments on the foregoing : — 

Lisgoole was thus recommended as the site for a corporate 
town because it had specially attracted Chichester's attention 
during a visit which he had recently paid to that district. 
When writing to Salisbury, 12th September, 1606, the Deputy 
referred to the locality in the following terms :—" He found 
this county divided with the river of Lough Brne which runs 
in the midst thereof, over which there is seldom passage but 

1 62 HISTORY OF e; [1607 

by boat, which those people make only of a great oak hewn 
hollow which they call "cotts." These are dangerous and a 
great hindrance to the commerce in those parts. Upon this 
river he observed two places fit to be made passages by bridge, 
the one at Ballyshannon near the castle, and the other at 
Lysgoule, which lies about the midst of the county. Wishes 
there were at this point some beginning of a town which he 
would have built on both sides of the river whereby the 
bridge would be defended and the passage secured." Chichester 
indeed was so enamoured of the position at Lisgoole that he 
forthwith ordered houses to be built there for the accommodation 
of soldiers then stationed at Devenish, together with a gaol 
and sessions house, the essential beginning of a settlers' town. 
He also proclaimed a weekly market there, and promised to 
hare the forthcoming town blessed with corporate privileges 
even in its infancy. But Lisgabhal, corruptly Lisgoole, seems 
to have utterly declined even the blandishments of a lord 
deputy. No town ever grew there, and the name at this day 
is only associated as it has been for very many centuries 
before with a religious house founded probably in the 5th 
century ; rebuilt or repaired afterwards, and constituted an 
abbey for canons regular of the Order of St. Augustine, in the 
year 1106; and renovated once more about the middle of the 
16th century, the Augustinians then giving way before the 
more vigorous and faithful Franciscans. . . . Neither did 
Castleskagh, or Lisnaskea, ever aspire to corporate honours. 
It has been a favourite locality of the Maguires, who built a 
castle there at an early period, but Connor Roe was compelled 
to abandon it in favour of a Scotch undertaker, Lord Balfour 

of Burley The place chosen by the Commissioners 

was Enniskillen, and this town was the only one in Fermanagh 
district to enjoy corporate honours. In 1608 Chichester recom- 
mended this position in his "Notes of Remembrances" and 
seems to have forgotten Lisgoole. His words are: — " Inish- 
kellin is the fittest place, in his opinion, for the shire town, 
and to be made a corporation, which will require charge or 
forcement to living men of wealth and substance to dwell 
there in regard it is now altogether waste and desolate." 

The Free School originally intended to be built at Lisgoole 
was eventually placed at Enniskillen, and got a grant to build 
and endow of 2,160 acres. 

On the 15th of May, 1607, Captain William Cole* 

• Captain Wm. Cole, who was of the 12th generation in the direct male line 
from William Cole (1243) of Huntesleigh of Devonshire, had served Queen 
Elizabeth in Holland; and raised a regiment of horse in Devonshire for 

l6o8] THE SHIRE TOWN. 1 63 

had been appointed by patent to be Captain of the 
long boats — [war boats or barges] — at Ballishannon 
and lyough Karne, with a daily allowance of 3s 4d 
per day for himself and 8d per day for each of his 
men. He had been also appointed Captain or Warder 
of the Castle of Iniskillen — (Patent Roll 5th James I., 
skin 46, Article 62) — and this grant w^as renewed 
again on loth September, 1607. 

The name of Captain Cole appears on the list 
furnished by Sir Arthur Chichester of those fit to be 
undertakers, and the Council in London, writing to 
the lyord Deputy (Sir Arthur Chichester) on 20th 
May, 1 6 10, approved of the recommendation. 

"They are satisfied of his sufficiency to maintain a reason- 
able proportion — [of extent of land] — and are aware of his 
merits. And as he has a commission for the charge of his 
Majesty's boats in Lough Yearne [Erne],* and for the keeping 
of the castle of Enniskillen, they suggest that he should be 
assigned a Servitor's portion, as near as may be to the said 
castle, which otherwise will be very destitute of demesne, as 
the lands next adjacent to the castle have fallen to the lot of 
some Scottish gentleman in the distribution of the precincts, 
[meaning Mr. Jerome Lyndsey, of Portor*, &c.] and cannot 
be altered. 

It was in the following year, on the i6th 
November, 161 1, that a grant was made to "William 
Cole, Esq.," as shown by the Patent Rolls of James 

service in Ireland which included such names as Coulter, Frith, Willis, and 
Walmsley. [These nanits are still largely represented in and near ICnuis- 
killen till this day.] The prominent Fermanagh family of Hassard, which 
had held the Treasurership of the county for 150 years, is said to have had 
iis founder in the same regiment, coming from Lyme Regis. The present 
Earl of FInniskillen is the eighth in direct descent from this Captain Wm. 
Cole who subsequently was knighted for his services. Sir Wm. Cole was 
buried "in St. Michan's church over the water" in Dublin, October 1653. 
The Cole family claim to be descended from William the Conqueror, and it 
IS so described and certified by Garter and I^ancaster and the Ulster Kines 
of Arms. 

• The main island of Bnniskillen obtained its name from the islet of that 
name near the F;ast Bridge. It is said that a Formorian heroine, Kehlen or 
Kethlen, wife of Balor of the Mighty Blows who fought at the battle of 
Moytura, wounding the King of the Tuatha da Danaans, was buried in this 
islet, and therefore it was called Inish-Kehlen or Kethlen, Kethlen's Island. 


I., — The towns and lands of Tawnestick [Toneystick] 
and Corrigrade, one tate ; ^ Cavanlecke, one tate ; 
Lavue, two tates ; Dromyea [Drumgay], one tate ; 
Ballindowla [Ballydoolagh], 2 tates ; Carrownagillagh 
[Cairo wnagiltagh], one tate each ; Breaghwy [Breagho], 
two tates ; Gortinessan [Gortmessan] one tate ; 
Mullyneskar [Mullymesker], Dromore, and Gortanoghoe 
[Gortdonaghy], one tate each ; Dromean and Rosse, 
one tate ; Killibrackan and Drombranagher, one tate ; 
the five last mentioned tates being in the barony of 
Clinawly ; in all 1,000 acres. Rent 8/ English. The 
premises created the Manor of Corrigrade [Cornagrade] 
with 300 acres in demesne, power to create tenures — 
[create fee-farm grants and give leases] — and a court 
baron.* To hold forever, as of the Castle of Dublin, 
in common socage.f 

It was upon this Proportion that Captain [after- 
wards Sir William] Cole constructed what was called 
at the time the Castle of Cornagrade, which was a 
strong stone house, with a bawne around it for 
cattle. The site was that of the house known in the 
early part of the nineteenth century as Billy 

* The Court Baron was the court of the estate in which the freeholders 
sought justice and protection from wrong-. This Court has long- ceased to 
exist. A manor (supposed to be derived from the word maneo to remain, 
because a manor was the result of long established settlement) had Courts 
Baron twice every year. There was a Court Leet as well, (from the Dutch 
laet, a peasant farmer,) a Court at which copyhold tenants (a lease being 
deemed a servile tenure) had justice admini«tered ; while the Court Baron 
was the Court in which the freeholders sought justice when necessary. 
Both the Court I^eet and Court Baron have now fallen with desuetude, 
although more than one effort has been made in the province of Ulster to 
revive them in recent years. They are out of date. The Court lycet was the 
most ancient form of court known to the law. 

The Court Baron had a jurisdiction on the manor, in the matter of debt, 
to the amount of &2.. The lord of the manor had no profit from the Court, 
but the seneschal had all the fees from the Court as his salary The seneschal 
was equivalent to the modern Petty Sessions Clerk. Every manor under 
the Plantation had a Court Baron and a Court I,eet, by which some local 
rates were raised. 

t Socage. Many grants to undertakers of escheated lands were granted by 
the tenure known as free and common socage— [from Soc, French word for 
coulter or share of a plough.] It implied services in husbandry to be 
rendered by the tenant to the lord of the manor of the fee. These services 
included not only ploughing, but making hedges and carrying out manure 
to the fields. 

l6ll] THE SHIRE TOWN. 1 65 

Morrison's* house, on Cornagrade hill, facing Kilma- 
cormick hill, and from the old road on Kilmacormick 
a road led at right angles to the Manor house. A 
pathway or roadway was constructed from this Castle 
or house, of which we shall hear later, at the battle 
of Kilmacormick across the hill of Cornagrade towards 
the town, to the pass at the Sally [or Piper's f] 
island, and from this point direct to the Castle, 
where the lord of the manor resided. 

The grant to Captain Wm. Cole of the island of 
Iniskilline, was the subject of two different documents. 
The first was dated the 19th June, 161 1. It was a 
lease to him from the King of the Castle and Island 
of Iniskilline, except the third part of the island 
situate on the north side thereof, 40 acres, including 
two small islands near the same — [Cherry and Sally 
islands] — all within lyoughearne, with all the fishings 
and weirs, to hold for 21 years if he should so long 
live, for a fine of £1 Irish. 

This lease, which was found for me lately among 
the Patent Rolls of James I., affords an explanation 
of how the other two- thirds were mentioned in the 
subsequent grant of 320 acres. First the two-thirds 
were granted by the lease of June, 161 1 ; and the 
other one third by the grant of 28th May, 1612, at 
20 shillings Irish. Of this 320 acres eighty were 
assigned for the county town, with the exception of 
the Castle, together with covenants for planting, build- 
ing, and inhabiting the said town, soon to be provided, 
with the grant of a market and fair, the 

* William Morrison, of Cornagrade, was the father of Mr. Hamilton 
Morrison, Deputy Governor of Enniskillen Prison, and grrandfather of Rev. 
W. R. Morrison, Methodist minister, Canada, and of Mr. Thomas Quinton 
Morrison, late of the Inland Revenue and now of Eastington, Stouehouse, Glos. 

+ Ikying between the workhouse grounds and back streets. It obtained 
the name of Piper's island from its occupier, Robert Piper, who lived during- 
the middle of the x8th century. 


clerkship of the market and keeping of a toll both 
within the said town ; and a prohibition that none 
should sell by retail within three miles of the town 
but such as Captain Cole should plant there or be 
resident ; for performance of which covenants he 
entered into bonds to the Crown. 

Captain Cole also obtained a grant on the 28th 
May, 1 6 13, of lands in Dromclea, containing 2 tates, 
Oughterneneragh [Waternerry], and Aghoard [Aghaward] 
2 tates, Derrihillagh i tate, and one-third part of the 
island of Iniskilling lying on north side of Inish- 
killing Castle towards Tanny stick [Toneystick], total 
320 acres — the castle and the other two-third parts 
of the island of Inishkillen reserved to the Crown; 
so that before he became invested with the respon- 
sibility of providing of the Bnniskillen he was 
endowed with some property to enable him to maintain 
his position as the founder of the town, the First 
Provost, and the Warder of the Castle. 

The following particulars as to the founding of 
the town are taken from the letters patent, and I 
have placed some words in italic letters and added 
cross headings to help the reader to learn the main 
points of each paragraph : — 

Name of Town. 

And further we will, and by these presents firmly 
enjoining, we instruct and command, and the aforesaid 
William Cole, for himself, his heirs, executors, administrators, 
and assigns, agrees and covenants to and with us, our heirs 
and successors, by these presents, that he, the aforesaid 
William Cole, his heirs, executors, administrators, or assigns, 
shall bring or cause to be brought, within the space of four 
years next ensuing after the date of these presents, in or to 
the aforesaid third part of the aforesaid Island of Inniskillen, 
lying and being on the northern part of the said Castle of 
Inniskillen aforesaid, towards Tonystick aforesaid, 20 persons, 

l6l2] THE PATENT. 1 67 

being English or Scotch^ and rMejly artificera and mechanics, to 
make, erect, and construct a town in a convenient place in 
and upon the aforesaid third part of the said Island of 
Inniskillen aforesaid, lying and being on the eastern part of 
the said Castle of Inniskillen aforesaid, towards Tonystick 
aforesaid, by the aforesaid William Cole, his heirs or assigns 
to be appointed ; and he or they shall there plant and allocate 
those to he burgesses of the said town. And that thenceforth the 
said town, so to be made, erected, or constructed, shall be named, 
styled, and called by the name of the town of Inniskillen. 

Church, Prison, School, &c. 

And the aforesaid William Cole, his heirs and assigns, 
shall, within the space of the aforesaid four years, procure 
and cause the same persons to be incorporated thtre into one 
body politic, to endure for ever, as is necessary for the defence 
and security of the town aforesaid, as well for the defence and 
protection of all our faithfull liege subjects there inhabiting, 
as for repressing and restraining rebels, and other our 
enemies whatsoever. And that they, the aforesaid William 
Cole, his heirs or assigns, shall mark out and set apart one 
convenient place for the site of the said town there, and shall 
build and erect edifices and buildings there, within the said 
town, in streets and squares, in such manner and form as 
shall best suit with the site and situation of the same place, 
and for the defence and decency of the said town ; and that 
in like manner the aforesaid William Cole, his heirs and 
assigns, shall mark out and set apart a convenient place for a 
church, to be built within the said town, and for a cemetery 
of the same ; and a convenient place within the said town for 
a market-house, and another convenient place for a gaol or 
prison, there to be built for the custody and safe keeping of 
prisoners and other malefactors whatsoever, in or within the 
limits, mearings, and bounds of the said county of Fermanagh, 
from time to time, for ever, to be taken ; and also another 
piece of ground for a public school, there to be built, together 
with a court and garden to the said school adjoining. 

The 20 Burgages. 

And that the said town shall consist of 20 burgesses^ 
besides the cottagers, and other inferior inhabitants therein ; 
and that the aforesaid William Cole, his heirs and assigns, 
shall build or cause to be built, in a decent or uniform 
manner, within the said town, 20 burgages or houses of stone, 
or framed of timber, according to the form of building usual 
in England, within the space of the aforesaid four years after 
the date of these presents, so that five of the aforesaid 

1 68 HISTORY OF KNNISKII,I,E;n. [i6i2 

burgages be built and perfected, annually, in each of the 
aforesaid four years. And that every burgage aforesaid shall 
contain a convenient quantity of land for a mansion-house, 
court-yard, and garden of the said burgage. 

The Burgess Acres. 

And that the aforesaid William Cole, his heirs and assigns, 
within the time aforesaid, shall assign and let apart 20 acres 
of land within the aforesaid two tates of Drumclea aforesaid, 
next adjoining the said town of Inniskillen aforesaid, accordkig 
to the measure of 21 feet for each perch, for 10 of the 
principal burgages of the said 20 burgages, viz., two acres of 
land for each burgage. And that in like manner he and they 
shall assign and let apart, within the aforesaid time of four 
years, 10 other acres of land of and in the aforesaid two tates 
of Dromclea aforesaid, next adjoining the said town of 
Inniskillen aforesaid, for 10 other burgages of inferior place 
and condition, viz., one acre for each of the said ten burgages ; 
and that the aforesaid 30 acres of land shall be assigned and 
appointed conjointly and not separately in the lands of 
Dromclea aforesaid, by our Surveyor-General, for the time 
being, and by other our commissioners on that behalf to be 
authorized, and thenceforth for ever to be called the burgage- 
field ; and in like manner we will and direct, and the 
aforesaid William Cole, for himself, his heirs, executors and 
assigns, covenant and agree to and with us, our heirs and 
successors, by these presents that he the said Wm. Cole, his 
heirs and assigns within the space of the aforesaid four years, 
shall assign or grant, and every of them shall assign or grant, 
the aforesaid 20 burgages, together with the land to the same 
burgages, as is aforesaid, severally and respectively to be 
assigned, to 20 several persons of the English, Welsh, or Scottish 
nation, to have, hold, and enjoy the aforesaid burgages and 
lands, with the appurtenances, to such persons so to be named 
and assigned severally and respectively, to their heirs and assigyis 
for ever, in fee farm, to the sole and proper use and behoof of 
such persons, their heirs and assigns for ever; rendering thereout 
to the aforesaid Wm. Cole, his heirs and assigns, for each of 
the said burgages, together with the land to be assigned to 
each, to be built or errected by the aforesaid Wm. Cole, his 
heirs or assigns, at his own expense, a certain annual rent 
according to the rate of £10 in the £100 bona fide expended, 
or to be expended, in the said buildings; and in like manner 
reserving to himself, his heirs and assigns, for every burgage 
to be built or erected by the burgages themselves at their 
own expense, and the lands of the same, for each of the said 
greater burgages the value of 58. current money of England 

I6l2] THE) PATENT. 1 69 

by the year, and for each of the lesser burgages the value of 
2s. 6d. of like money of England by the year. 

The Commons of 30 Acres. 

And we will and direct, and the aforesaid Wm. Cole, for 
himself, his heirs, administrators, and assigns, covenants and 
agrees with us, our heirs and successors, that it may and shall 
be lawful for our Surv^eyor-General of this Kingdom of Ireland, 
for the time being, and our other commissioners authorised in 
this behalf, to set apart and mark out a certain scope or parcel of 
land, containing 30 acres, of the aforesaid measure, within the 
aforesaid 320 acres of land by these presents granted as aforesaid, 
most conveniently adjacent to the said town, and fitting for 
the commonage of the cattle of the inhabitants of the said town of 
Inniskillen. And that hereafter he the said Wm. Cole, his 
heirs or assigns, after the incorporation of the town aforesaid, 
and of the inhabitants of the same, being made or to be 
made, shall assign and convey to the said inhabitants and 
corporation and their successors, the said 30 acres of land, and 
his whole estate and interest in the same, for the commonage 
of the inhabitants of the said town for ever, without any rent 
or reservation, or anything else thereout to be rendered or 
paid to the aforesaid Wm. Cole, his heirs or assigns, or any 
other person, except 4d. current money of England, to be 
annually paid to the aforesaid Wm. Cole, his heirs and 
assigns, by every such burgess and inhabitant having common 
of pasture in the said 30 acres of land. 

It was also provided that a Thursday market 
should be held, and a fair yearly on Lammas day 
(ist August) and the day following at Knniskillen, 
unless when the said Lammas day happens on 
Saturday or Sunday, when the said fair shall commence 
of the following Monday, with courts of Pie-Powder* 
and the usual tolls ; Captain William Cole to be 
clerk of the market and no person to sell goods by 
retail within the circumference of three miles of the 
said town except the freemen thereof without licence, 

• So called in common parlance, but origrinally the Norman Pie-Poudre, 
the Court which had jurisdiction in disputes in fairs and markets, a power 
since transferred to Justice of the Peace, but one very rarely exercised, and 
falling into abeyance. 


saving to the Bishop of Clogher all his rights and 
privileges in the island of Devenish. 

The natural increase of the population and the 
demands of the community required more fairs, and 
accordingly the Earl of Knniskillen applied for and 
obtained a patent from King George III., in 1748, for 
the holding of fairs on the loth of each month (except 
in March, May, and August), and this privilege was 
subsequently extended in the year 18 13 to the loth 
of every month, at the same time retaining two old 
fairs of 26th day of May and 26th of October. 




A patent for the creation of a town was not 
sufficient. There had to be particular powers given 
for definite purposes ; and these were provided by- 
subsequent means. The real charter of the town is 
a portentous document, and though it be long, owing 
its importance, it is desirable to quote it in full. I 
denote by headings (which are my additions) the 
subjects of the various passages in it, and break the 
solid Mss. into paragraphs to assist the reader. The 
Charter itself is enrolled : Rot. Pat. 10 Jac. I. 
p. 4, m. s8. 

JAMES, by the Grace of God, of England, Scotland, 
France, and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, and soforth^ 
To All to whom our present Letters shall come, Grekting : 

Creation of the Borough. 

Know that we, as well at the humble Petition of the 
Inhabitants of the Town of Inishkillen, in our County of 
Fermanagh, within our Province of Ulster, in our said 
Kingdom of Ireland, as to inhabit and plant those northern 
parts in our said Kingdom depopulated and laid waste, 
according to the form of the Republick in our Kingdom of 
England excellently established, and for the better Progress 
and perfection of that new Plantation lately there happily 


begun— Of our special Grace, certain knowledge, and mere 
motion, with the assent of our well-beloved and faithful 
Counsellor, Sir Arthur Chichester, Knt., our Deputy General 
of our said Kingdom of Ireland ; Also according to the Intent 
and Effect of our certain Letters with our proper hand signed, 
and under our Signet dated at our Honor of Hampton Court 
the 26th Day of September, in the 10th year of our Reign of 
England, France and Ireland, and 46th of Scotland ; and now 
in the Rolls of our Chancery of our said Kingdom of Ireland, 
Enrolled ; Do appoint, ordain and Declare by these presents, 
that the aforesaid Town or Village and the entire Island of 
Inishkillen, and all and Singular messuages. Lofts, Mills, 
Houses, Edifices, Structures, Orchards, Gardens, Curtilages, 
Wastes, Farms, Lands, Tenements, and Hereditaments, what- 
soever with the appurts. lying and being within the aforesaid 
Towne or Village or Island aforesaid, or within the precincts 
of the same or any of them (our Castle or Fortilage of 
Inishkillen only Excepted) ; hereafter being and at perpetual 
future times, shall be one Entire and free Borough of its self 
by the name of the Borough of Inishkillen, and hereafter may 
be called, known and named the Borough of Iniskillen ; and 
all those into one Entire and free Borough of its self by the 
name of the Borough of Inishkillen, We Erect, Constitute, 
make, and Ordain by these presents. 

The Corporation. 

And Further we will Ordain and Constitute by these 
presents, that within the Borough aforesaid there be one 
Body Corporate and politick consisting of one Sovereign, 
fourteen free Burgesses and the Community; And that all the 
Inhabitants within the aforesaid Town and Lands aforesaid 
hereafter for Ever may and shall be by force of these presents 
one Body, Corporate and Politick in thing, deed, and name, 
by the name of a Sovereign, Free Burgesses and Community 
of the Borough of Inishkillen; and them by the name of a 
Sovereign, free Burgesses and a Community of the Borough of 
Inishkillen aforesaid, .One Body Corporate and Politick in 
thing, deed, and name, really and fully for us, our Heirs and 
Successors, — we Erect, make, Ordain, and Constitute by these 
presents. And that by the same name they may have perpetual 
succession : And that they by the name of a Sovereign, free 
Burgesses, and Community of the Borough of Inishkillen may 
and shall be at perpetual future times persons fit and capable 
in the Law to have, acquire, receive and possess Lands, 
Tenements, Libertys, priviledges in Jurisdictions, Franchises, 
and Hereditaments whatsoever, of whatsoever kind nature or 


appearance they shall be to them and their successors in Fee 
and perpetuity. 

Power to Demise. 

And Ai,so Goods and Chattels and whatsoever other things 
of whatsover kind nature or appearance they shall be : Also 
to give, grant, demise, and assign Lands, Tenements, and 
Hereditaments, Goods and Chattels ; and to do and execute 
all and singular other Deeds and things by the name afore- 
said ; and that by the name of the Sovereign, Free Burgessess 
and Community of the Borough of Inishkillen may plead and 
be impleaded to answer and be answered to, defend and be 
defended to before us our heirs, and successors, and before 
whatsover our Justices and Judges of our heirs, and successors, 
and others, howsover in v/hatsover our Courts of our heirs and 
successors, and elsewhere wheresover of and in all and all kind 
of Actions, Suites, pleas, plaints and demands, whatsover 
towards them or by them in any manner to be prossecuted or 

Two Members of Parliament. 

And That they, the aforesaid Sovereign and free Burgesses 
of the Borough aforesaid, and their successors for ever, have 
full power or authority of Electing, sending, and returning 
two discreet and fit Men to serve and attend in every 
Parliament in our said Kingdom of Ireland hereafter to be 
held; And that such Men so Elected, sent and returned may 
have full power and authority to treat and consult upon those 
things and matters which to them and others there shall be 
Kxpounded or declared, and thereupon freely to give their Votes 
and Voices, and to do and Execute other things whatsover so 
fully and freely which and as any other Burgesses of any 
other antient Borough in our said Kingdom of Ireland or in 
our said Kingdom of England in Parliament there used to do 
or Execute. 

The Writs of Election. 

Wherefore We Will, and by these presents, for us our 
heirs and Successors do, give and grant to the aforesaid 
Sovereign, Free Burgesses of the Borough aforesaid, and their 
successors, and also Enjoyn and firmly for us our heirs and 
successors Command, all our Sheriffs, Officers and Servants of 
our heirs and successors whatsover of our said County of 
Fermanagh for the time being to whom any our writt or 
writts of Election of Burgesses of Parliament within our said 
County of Fermanagh at any time shall be directed that every 
such Sherifi^, Officer, or Servant to whom any such our writt 
or writts so as aforesaid shall be directed, shall cause his 


precept to the Sovereign and Free Burgesses of the said 
Borough of Fermanagh for the time being for the Election 
and return of the same two Burgesses according to the form 
and effect of the same writt or writts. 

First Sovereign and Corporation, 

And That these our Letters patent or the Enrollment of 
the same shall be, as well to the said Sovereign and free 
Burgesses of the Borough aforesaid and their Successors as to 
all and singular our Sheriffs, Officers, and Servants of our heirs 
and Successors whatsoever, a sufficient warrant and Exoneration 
in this part, and with that intention as at future times may 
appear : that this new Incorporation being now first composed 
of Just and honest Men, We make. Constitute and nominate 
William Cole, Esq., to be the first and modern Sovereign of 
the said Borough, to be continued in the same Office until the 
feast of Saint Michael the Arch Angel next after the date of 
these presents ; And likewise we make, Constitute and nominate 
Sir John Wisher, Knight, Roger Atkinson, Esq., Robert 
Calvert, Esq., Henry Hummings, Esq., Thomas Barton, Esq., 
Edmond Sibthorpe, Gent., Thomas Shaw, William Hall, Nicholas 
Ozenbrook, Alexander Dunbar, Edward Moore, Alexander 
Wigham, Ferdinand Burfield, and Joseph Walters, to be the first 
and modern fourteen free Burgesses of the aforesaid Borough 
to be continued in the same Offices of Free Burgesses during 
their several Lives, unless in the mean time for bad behaviour 
or for any other reasonable Cause they or any of them from the 
Offices aforesaid shall be removed : And all inhabitants of the 
Town aforesaid and so many of such other Men whom the 
Sovereign and free Burgesses of the said Borough for the time 
being shall admit into the liberty of the Borough aforesaid 
We Will Constitute and Ordain to be of the Community of 
the Borough aforesaid. 

Oath of Supremacy. 

And Further We will that the aforesaid William Cole, 
whom by these presents we make Sovereign of the Borough 
aforesaid, shall come before our Justices of Assize at the 
General Sessions next after the date of these presents within 
the County of Fermanagh aforesaid, to be holden and in due 
form shall take the Oath commonly called the Oath of Supremacy 
as his Corporal Oath, well and faithfully to Execute the Office 
of Sovereign of the Borough aforesaid until the Feast of St. 
Michael the Arch Angel next to come as aforesaid. And that 
the Sovereign of the Borough aforesaid be annuall and Elected; 
and therefore We Will and by these presents for us our heirs 
and successors Grant to the aforesaid Sovereign, Free Burgesses 


and Community of the Burrougli aforesaid and their Successors 
that the aforesaid Sovereign and Free Burgesses of the Borough 
aforesaid for the time being for Ever may and can yearly on the 
Feast of the Nativity of Saint John the Baptist assemble them- 
selves in any convenient place within the Burrough aforesaid : 

Election of Sovereign. 

And the said Sovereign and free Burgesses so assembled, 
or the major part of the same, before they shall Depart there, 
can Elect one of the more discreet Burgesses of the Burrough 
aforesaid to Exercise the Office of Sovereign of the Burrough 
aforesaid for one year from the Feast of Saint and Michael the 
Arch Angel then next following, and untile one other of the 
Burgesses of the said Burrough to that Office in due manner 
shall be Elected, preferred, and Sworn; And that Every Sovereign 
of the Burrough aforesaid so Elected before he may be admitted 
to Execute the Office aforesaid or be a reputed Sovereign shall 
take as well the aforesaid Oath, Commonly called the Oath of 
Supremacy, as his Corporal Oath of well and faithfully exercising 
the Office of Sovereign of the Burrough aforesaid on the feast of 
Saint Michael the Arch Angel next after such Election before 
the Sovereign of the Burrough aforesaid, who had presided in 
the some Office the preceding year; And we grant full power 
and Authority to every such last predecessor of whatsoever 
Sovereign of the Burrough aforesaid for the time being to receive 
the aforesaid Oaths of every such Sovereign newly to be Elected. 

Successor to Sovereign in Case of Death. 

And Moreovkr of our like, special Grace, Certain know- 
ledge and meere motion We Will, and by these presents for us 
our heirs and Successors Grant, to the aforesaid Sovereign, free 
Burgesses and Community of the said Burrough and their 
Successors, that if and as often as it shall happen the Sovereign 
of the said Burrough for the time being to Dye or in any manner 
vacate the Office aforesaid within one year after he shall be so as 
aforesaid Elected and Sworn to the Office of Sovereign of the 
Burrough aforesaid, that then and so often the free Burgesses 
and Community of the Burrough aforesaid, and their Successors, 
may and can Elect an other fit person of the aforesaid number 
of the Free Burgesses as Sovereign of the Burrough aforesaid to 
rule and govern the said Burrough for the remainder of that year 
within fifteen days next after such Vacation, and that every 
person and persons so as aforesaid Elected to the Office of 
Sovereign of the Burrough aforesaid, may and can Execute that 
Office of Sovereign of the Burrough aforesaid untile the feast of 
Saint Michael the Arch Angel next following after such Election, 
J the Oath aforesaid called the Oath of Supremacy and also the 



aforesaid Oath for the due Execution of his Office of Sovereign 
of the Burrough aforesaid so as aforesaid first to be taken. 

Filling of Vacancies. 

And Further of our Special Grace, Certain knowledge, 

and mere motion We Will and by these presents for us our heirs 

and Successors grant to the aforesaid Sovereign, free Burgesses 

and Community of the said Burrough and their Successors, 

that if any of the aforesaid free Burgesses of the Burrough 

aforesaid so as aforesaid in these presents named or any of 

the Free Burgesses of the said Burrough hereafter to be 

Chosen shall Dye or from them Offices shall be removed, 

which free Burgesses hereby and every of them or any not 

behaving himself in that Office, We Will to be amovable at 

the pleasure of the Sovereign and major part of the free 

Burgesses of the said Burrough for the time being, that then 

the Sovereign and the rest of the free Burgesses of 'the 

Burrough aforesaid for the time being within seven days next 

after the death or removal of such free Burgess may and can 

assemble themselves in any convenient place within the 

Burrough aforesaid, and that the said Sovereign and free 

Burgesses so assembled, or the major part of them before 

they shall depart, may and can Elect one or so many as 

shall be deficient of the the aforesaid number of the fourteen 

free Burgesses of the better or more honest of the 

Inhabitants of the Burrough aforesaid into the place or places 

of such free Burgess or Burgesses so dead or from their 

Offices removed, to be continued in the same Office during 

their natural lives unless in the mean time for bad 

Government or bad behaviour in that part they shall be 

removed or' any of them shall be removed ; And that every 

person so Elected in the Office of free Burgess of the 

Burrough aforesaid before he may be admitted to Execute 

that Office shall take his Corporal Oath well and faithfully to 

Exercise the Office of free Burgess of the Burrough aforesaid 

within seven days next after such his Election before the 

Sovereign of the Burrough aforesaid for the time being or 

before such of the rest of the free Burgesses of the said 

Burrough then surviving and in their Offices remaining on 

the major part of them, to which Sovereign truely for the 

time being or free Burgesses on the major part of them for 

the time being, We Give and Grant by these presents full 

power and authority to receive the aforesaid Oath from every 

such free Burgess duly to be Elected and thus so often as 

the Case shall so happen. 


Constable of H. M. Castle of Inisfcillcn, 

and Founder of the Town 1612. 
Face page 176] 


Provost's Court. 

And Further of our Special Grace, certain knowledge 
and mere motion We will, and by these presents for us our 
heirs and successors grant, to the aforesaid Sovereign, free 
Burgesses and Community of the Burrough aforesaid and their 
successors, that they and their successors for Ever have and 
hold and may and can have and hold one Court in any 
convenient and open place within the Borough aforesaid, to be 
held before the Sovereign of said Burrough for the time being 
and in the same Court to hold pleas Every Thursday from week 
to week of all and singular Action, Debts, Conventions, 
Transgressions, Detinue, Contracts and Demands, personal 
whatsoever, not exceeding the sum of five Marks Sterling 
happening or arising in or within the aforesaid Burrough of 
Inishkilling or liberties of the Same ; And that that Court be 
reputed and hold a Court of Record for Ever we Will also, 
and of our more abundant special Grace, certain knowledge, 
and mere motion by these presents for us our heirs and 
successors grant, to the aforesaid Sovereign free Burgesses and 
Community of the Burrough aforesaid and their successors 
for ever that they and their successors from time to time as 
often as it will be seen more expedient to them may and can 
meet and assemble themselves in any convenient place within 
the Burrough aforesaid and in their assemblys there make, 
Elect, ordain and establish such and the like Acts ordinances 
and statutes called bye Laws for the good regimen and sound 
Government of the Borough aforesaid as and which to them 
or the major part of them shall be seen necessary. And that 
they have power and authority by fines and penalties of Money 
to punish, chastise, and correct, whatsoever persons Delinquent 
against such Acts, Ordinances, and Statutes, provided the 
aforesaid Acts, Ordinances, Statutes, fines, and penalties, be 
reasonable and not contrary or impugnant to the Laws or 
statutes of our Kingdom of Ireland. 

Guild of Merchants. 

And Further We will, and by these presents for us our 
heir and successors grant, to the aforesaid Sovereign, free 
Burgesses and Community of the Burrough aforesaid and their 
successors for Ever, that they have a Guild of Merchants 
within the Burrough aforesaid and one common Seal of such 
form and remarkable Sculpture as to them shall seem better 
for the affairs of the said Burrough to serve for Ever. And 
that they may and can for ever from time to time as often 
as there shall be occasion of themselves Elect, constitute, and 
ordain two Serjeants at Mace and other inferior Officers and 


Servants necessary for the better government of the Burrough 
aforesaid and the Inhabitants of the same and every person 
so from time to time Elected, Constituted, and Ordained, We 
make Constitute or Ordain to be hereafter Serjeants at Mace 
and other Officers and Servants of the said Burrough 
respectively and to continue in their Offices during their good 
behaviour or at the good will and pleasure of the said 
Sovereign free Burgesses and Community of the Burrough 
aforesaid ; And that every such Serjeant, Officer and Servant 
before to be admitted to Exercise his Office shall take before 
the Sovereign of the said Burrough for the time being his 
Corporal Oath of Executing his Office well and faithfully. 

A Favourable Interpretation. 

And Further of our more ample special Grace, Certain 
knowledge and mere motion, We grant to the aforesaid 
Sovereign free Burgesses and Community of the Burrough 
aforesaid and their successors for ever that these our Letters 
patents and Every article and Clause in the same contained or 
the Enrollment of the same be construed, interpreted and 
adjudged to the greatest advantage benefit and favour of the 
aforesaid Sovereign, free Burgesses and Community of the 
Burrough aforesaid and their successors toward and against us, 
our heirs and successors as well in all our Courts as elsewhere 
within our Kingdom of Ireland as elsewhere wheresoever 
without any Confirmation Licence or toUeration hereafter to 
be procured or obtained, Notwithstanding that our writt de 
ad quod Damnum shall not issue to Enquire of the premises 
before the making of this our Letter patent, and notwith- 
standing any other defect or any other thing cause or matter 
whatsoever to the Contrary notwithstanding Therefore because, 
&c.. We Will also &c., without any fine in the Hanaper, &c. 

In Witness whereof We have Caused these our Letters 
to be made patents : Witness our aforesaid Deputy General of 
our Kingdom of Ireland at Dublin the 27th day of February 
in the Tenth year of our reign of England, France and 
Ireland and 46th of Scotland. [1612-13.] 

Captain William Cole was now endowed with 
power to provide his town and saddled with certain 
responsibilities, which he proceeded to carry out. 
He selected the highest land for the site of the 
church and cemetery, removing the gibbet of the 
Maguire to an elevation in the Toneystick townland, 


afterwards known as The Gallows Green ; he placed 
the school with court and garden near the church ; he 
selected the north side of the other hill for the 
market-place; and he placed the goal near the East 
Ford. He provided "burgage" acres, not in the 
townland of Drumclea, as specified, unless we are to 
assume that Toneystick be a sub-denomination of 
Drumclea ; and provided Commons of the town in the 
townland of Toneystick, extending east and north- 
east from the Hast Ford. 

But while we cannot understand how it was that 
the townland of Drumclea, specially assigned by the 
Charter to the town, never really belonged to it, on 
the other hand we cannot glean how another town- 
land, in the barony of Magheraboy, came into the 
possession of the Corporation. Petty's Down Survey 
Maps and the Book of Survey and Distribution in 
the Records Office show that the early Corporation 
possessed the tate or 60 acres arable and 20 acres of 
pasture, total 80 acres, in the townland of Killinsillow 
or Killynalow (modern Kilnaloo), 75 Irish acres, and 
unless an exchange were effected by authority of the 
two townlands I cannot understand it. Kilnaloo 
remained in the possession of the Enniskillen Urban 
Council until they sold to their tenants. 

We can imagine the new town springing up. 
The track through the grass that led from the East 
Ford over the two hills to the castle, on the dry 
high ground, became the main street, according to a 
plan *' set down " by Sir Ralph Bingley and Captain 
Basil Brooke :* some houses were provided for the 

• Of the Donegal family, from which the Fermanagh family of Colebrooke 
is^ descended. His son. Sir Henry, received grants of laud in Fermanagh for 
his services during the rebellion of 1641. By his second wife, daughter of Sir 
George St. George, he had a sou Thomas, who was the father of Henry 


burgesses of a better character tban the rest, and we 
may assume that the rest of them were at first con- 
structed of cage- work or of wattles and clay ; and 
that they extended from the Bast Ford towards the 

We can in fancy see the two-storey burgage 
houses built of stone, and thatched one-storey cottages 
along the main thoroughfare, uneven, and, I fear, 
muddy ; while here and there a laneway or pass led 
to the lake. The thatched cottages gave way in 
turn to thatched houses of two storeys, a gradual 
improvement taking place in the conditions of the 
people, as the years proceeded. 

Brooke who was one of the Members for Parliament for Fermanagh hi 1727 
This Henry was the grandfather of Sir Henry Brooke, Bart., of 1822. His son, 
known as the good Sir Arthur, was father of the late Sir Victor Brooke, Bart., 
whose grandson is the present Sir Basil Brooke of Colebrooke. 





Captain Cole was constituted the first Provost 
under the new charter, and the following were the first 
Burgesses with my notes (in small type) upon them : — 

1 JN. WISHER, Kt. [Wishart] 

Sir John Wishart was the patentee of 1,500 acres in South Fermanagh, 
between Newtownbutler and Clones, constituted into the Manor of Leitrim ; at a 
rent of £8 a year, which he subsequently sold to Sir fetephen Butler. 


Roger Atkinson obtained a grant, as a military servitor, of acres, 
(really 4.500 acres,) in 1611, for ;^8 a year, includinqr the townlands of 
Killyvllly, Carrownacmea, Garvary, Ballyreagh Lisson, &c., constituted the 
Manor ot Coole. He had been in command of 100 foot at I.ough Foyle, and was 
described as Captain Roger Atkinson, bom in England. He was the first 
member of Parliament for the Borough of Enniskillen having been returned on 
20th April, 1613, and was described as ' of Code.' But he changed the name of 
his house by patent in 1639 to Castle Atkinson The late I^ord Belmore said 
that tradition ascribed the site of this house to Ki'.lyuure hill In 1640 he 
sold the estate to Arthur Champion, of Shannock, ^near Clones.) for /■i,650. 
This Mr. Arthur Champion, was slain at Shannock during the rebellion of 1661, 
by Rory Maguire, who also burnt down Castle Atkinson. Mr. John Corry, 
merchant, of Belfast, purchased Manor Coole (or Atkinson) in 1656 for ;^86o, one 
half the sum paid for it by his predecessor, perhaps owing to the unsettled 
state of the country ; and the acreage was set down as 5,400 acres, or 8,099 
statute. From this Mr. Corry descended the Corry family of Castle Coole. 


Robert Calvert was a patentee of 1,000 acres in that portion of the barony 
of ClonkeUy set apart for English undertakers, the Small Proportion of 
Gortgrunan, including such townlands as LisnashilHday, Clongownagh, 
Agharooskey, &c., for £s 6s 8d per year, created the Manor of Mount Calvert. 
He sold the lands on 4th November, 1620, to Archdeacon Heygate of Clogher, 
who subsequently became bishop of Kilfenora. The Manor finally became 
known as Manor Heygate (or Heigate). 


Henry Hommings (or Honynge) was patentee of the Manor of Dewross 
in IvUrg, 1,000 acres, near I,isnarick. He came from Darsham in Suffolk, 
made no attempt to plant his Proportion, and sold to Henry Flower and 
Edward Sibthorpe. 

* Sometimes spelt Honyiig or Honings, was an undertaker in the barony of 
Ivurg and a kinsman of the Archdales. His second sister, Frances, married 
John Archdale of Dereham, Suffolk who was a first cousin of John Archdale, 
of Norsom, Norfolk, the founder of the Fermanagh family. 



Thomas Barton of Norwich, obtained a grant of 1,000 acres constituted the 
Manor of Drum3mshin between Irvinestown and Enniskillen, and purchased 
the estate ol Nekarne (now Castle Irvine). He also acquired other lands in 
Lurg and sold to and exchanged with others. The land from Pettigo to 
Clonelly is still in the family. The Barton family has ever since resided in 
the county, and the present representatives are Captain Chas. R. Barton, D.I<.t 
the Waterfoot, and Mr, Ffolliott W. Barton, Clonelly. 


Edmond (should be Edward) Sibthorpe bought lauds in Clonkelly from 
John Sedborough, who had in turn purchased from Henry Flower the town- 
lands of Drumsara, Aghe-Drumgallaghe, Boysallowe, Golan, Tatnegearagh, 
Mullanclohoge, and Tateconnell, and among his tenants were Robert Allen, 
and Faithful Teate, Stephen Allen, Randulph Day, and Joseph Dickinson. 
John Sedborough had been styled as of Mount-Sedborough. The widow of 
Mr. Edward Sibthorpe married Mr. Robert Newcomen ; and the lands were in 
after years re-sold. 


Thomas Shaw, described as of Enniskillen, gent., obtained the townlands 
of Drumscue and Kinarla, in the Manor of Druniscue from Capt. Wm. Cole in 1613. 


William Hall I believe to be the leaseholder of this name on the Castle- 
town estate of Deerrynefogher. There also was a John Hali ; and from these 
gentlemen I believe the Hal I family sprang long connected witn Enniskillen. 

One of Sir Wm. Cole's men on the Manor of Portora. 


Alexander Dunbar was the patentee of 1,000 acres called Kilkerhan, near 
Fintra, County Donegal, who sold to Sir Robert Gordon. 


Edward Moore was granted two tates of land on the Castle Archdale 
estate (Manor of Tullanagh) by IVIr. John Archdall, the original patentee. 
Thomas Moore and David Eyas got a share of the lands. 




The Burgesses were to hold office for life and most of 
these seem to have all been undertakers or recipients 
of grants from the Crown or Patentees, and had little 
or nothing to do with the town except that some 
formal grant may have been made to qualify them 
as burgesses of the capital of the newly formed county.* 
The Provost was elected from the Free Burgesses 
yearly, on St. John's Day, the 24th June, by the 
Provost and Free Burgesses ; and he held office from 
the 29th September till the election of his successor. 

• Sir Arthur Chichester did not favour the selection of patentees from the 
county representing the town. He wrote (State Papers 161T-14)— "These cannot 
well stand, for those he should name must be of the town." Another copy of 
the list includes the names as Captaine Roger Atkinson and Edward Sipthorpe. 




The Provost received as salary ^100 a year, fees in 

the Borough Court, and a fee of half-a-guinea for 

affixing the Corporation seal to a document not 

belonging to the Corporation. He had not much to do 

except preside as judge of the Borough Court, exercise 

supervision over the fairs and markets, for which 

purpose he had the assistance of the town sergeants. 

He also regulated the weights and measures and 

determined disputes in markets or fairs and in the 

linen market. Sometimes the Provost did not live in 

the town ; sometimes he paid a deputy to discharge 

the duties of the office at £16 a year. 

The Free Burgesses held their office for life, and as 

they were virtually appointed by Captain Cole and his 

successors, there was no doubt as to their views on 

matters concerning the township Vacancies in the 

Corporation were filled by the remaining Burgesses 

and all Burgesses had to be Freemen. The Freemen 

were free of certain tolls in use, and were supposed to 

own a small parcel of ground. One of the oldest 

families of the town of Enniskillen is that of Frith ; 

and Mr. John A. Frith,* Lawnakilla, lately High 

Sheriff of the count}^ has supplied me with a copy 

of the form of appointment. It runs as follows: — 


Be it Remembered that the Day and 
Year under Written James Frith was Elected 
and Sworn a Freeman of said Corporation 
by the Provost with the Consent of the 
Burgesses then present, and therefore the 
said James Frith is hereby admitted to have 
and Receive all Privileges and advantages 
which any other Freemen ought to have 
by Right or Custom. In Testimony Where- 
of I have hereunto set my Hand and the 
Seal of Said Corporation this 24th day of 
June 1769 (nine). ART. JOHNSTON, Recr. 
[The foregoing copy of the Corporation seal is its exact size.] 

•Both Mr, Ji A. Frith, and his cousin, Mr, John Brien Frith, of the Cross, 
have served in the office of High Sheriff of Fermanagh. 


There were generally about 20 Freemen in the 
Borough, in addition to the Provost and Free 
Burgesses, and in addition to being free from tolls 
they enjoyed the privilege of free grazing for cattle on 
the Commons. But they were never consulted as to 
affairs in the Borough, and had no power, except 
occasionally in the framing of By-Laws. 

The Provost's Court was a court of record within 
the Borough, with jurisdiction to the extent of five 
marks (£s 6s 8d Irish), which could issue an Attach- 
ment against the goods of the person, and when the 
Marshalsea was provided the goods were stored here, 
and a debtor was also imprisoned here until his debt 
was discharged. Those who remember the first Town- 
hall (not the Market -house) of Enniskillen, which was 
provided about 181 7, may remember two rooms with 
barred windows. The debtors were confined here and 
attended to by the keeper of the Marshalsea. As an 
example of the manner in which the nature of a 
Plaintiffs case was presented I give here the copy of a 
process issued by a prominent Knniskillener in the 
year 1833, as follows: — 

Corporation Court of Ennishillen, to be held 6th June 1833. 

Malachy Doyle and Co. \ The plaintiffs Malachy Doyle* and 

Flaintiffa. Co. came in their proper persons into 

Michael Honan, Khis worshipful court, and complain of 

Defendant. Michael Honan, in the custody of the 

/Marshal of the Marshalsea of said 

corporation, before Hamilton Irvin, Esq., the Worshipful Provost 
thereo, of a plea of trespass in the case, and soforth. 

For that whereas the defendant became indebted to the plain- 
tiffs in the sum of two pounds fourteen shillings and three pence 
sterling, being the amount of a book account due for goods sold 
by plaintiffs to defendant in the years 1831, 1832, and 1833, which 
sum plaintiffs desire to recover, they therefore bring their suit, 
and so forth. (John Dok 

Pledges to prosecute] and 

Dated Enniskillen, this 1st day of June 1833. ( Richard Ros 

* Mr. Malachy Doyle owned property in Barrack L,ane (Queen-street), and 
elsewhere, and was the grandfather of the late Mr. Thomas Armstrong, Manager 
of the Euniskillen and Sligo Railway. 

i6i2] th:r corporation. 185 

And a Notice of Trial was also served in the 
following form : — 

Corporation Court of Enniskillen. 

\ Take notice, that the Provost of said cor- 

Plaintiff. poration will hold a court in the townhall 

■ on Thursday the day of 183 , 

Deferidant. at o'clock in the forenoon, when and 

J where you are desired to come forward and 

make a defence if any you have. Dated this day of 

183 . 
To Recorder. 

The use of the two words John Doe and Richard 
Roe will appear strange now-a~days. In those days 
neither the plaintiff nor the defendant was allowed 
to give evidence : and fictitious names were used, of 
which John Doe and Richard Roe were the most 
common, and the real plaintiff and defendant appeared 
as witnesses for Doe and Roe, and- persuaded the 
judge to regard them as the real partisans in the 
case. It is astonishing to us that these legal fictions 
existed so long as 1852. Those fictitious names also 
entered into proceedings as securities. 

The Clerk of the Court was the Recorder or 
Town Clerk, who summoned the juries (generally 
of 18) by means of the Sergeant at Mace — an officer 
who bore the silver mace on state occasions. The 
juries, like the Provost and Corporation and its 
officers were exclusively Protestant. The Provost had 
to take the Oath of Supremacy as well as the oath 
of office, and the Corporation had to officially attend 
Communion in the parish Church at least once a 
year, until the statutes were passed for the Relief of 
Nonconformists. No Roman Catholics or members 
of the Church of Scotland CDissenters in Ireland) 
were elected to the Corporation ; but when the Board 
of Town Commissioners was formed in 1847 one-third of 

G 2 


the number were elected from the Roman Catholics 
in the town, being their proportion of the rating of 
the Borough. The ofl&cers of the old Corporation were 

The Recorder 
Two Town Sergeants 
A Sergeant at Mace 
A Clerk of the Market 

A Billet Master 
A Weighm aster 
And an Agent. 

The Clerk of the Market was usually one of the 
ofl&cers of the Corporation, who received in later years 
;^io a year for the oflBce, and the Weighmaster was 
supposed to be the Provost, who performed the duty 
of the ofifice by deputy. 

The Market Place extended from the Diamond 
over the ground now covered by the Town-hall and 
premises between it and Water- street and the river ; 
and here the butter market and butter crane were 
placed. It was obligatory on sellers of butter to 
have their casks and butter weighed by the Weigh- 
master, until the use of private cranes was allowed 
by law (loth Geo. IV, Chap. 41). The change in 
the law led to abuses. Publicans provided stores for 
the storage of butter at 2d. per cask and a small 
sum for whisky money or an order for a noggin of 
whisky (3d. or 4d.) per each firkin sold. These 
practices led to complaint, as well as the custom 
of publicans entertaining buyers of butter free of cost, 
and influencing sales to them; the purchaser, in 
return, getting orders for whisky from the sellers, who 
were chiefly farmers. The Provost and Corporation, 
therefore, made new rules, providing small fees for 
custom, weighing, inspection, and cooperage, and for 
storage when necessary, the whole charges not 
exceeding lod., and no money to be demanded for 
liquor, or liquor to be drunk on any pretence whatever. 


This last rule was made on the i8th of July, 
1818, when the Rev. Dr. Burrowes, headmaster of 
Enniskillen School, was Provost. An outcry was 
raised against these charges, and they were reduced. 
Private cranes were then introduced by the publicans, 
and further troubles arose which I may refer to 

Owing to the loss of the Corporation Records we 
are unable to examine in detail the composition of 
the Corporation down the years. I thought I had 
succeeded in finding them when the Deputy-Keeper of the 
Public Records Ofl&ce, having had a search made, 
produced a large book, but it showed only the following 
entry, made in the year 1812 : — 

I have books stating the Resolutions of the Corporation 
enacting By-Laws, and appointing the Provost every 24th of 
June and swearing him into office on the 29th day of September 
following, and also appointing a Macebearer and two Town- 
sergeants; also the Charter granted to the Corporation in the 
year 1612 by King James the First, The above-mentioned 
books, &c., go as far back as the year 1706; cannot state the 
cause of the deficiency prior to that date. 

The old Townhall having been thrown down and a new 
one not yet completely finished, the Books and Charter are kept 
in the Provost's House ; and the Court for the Recovery of small 
debts, not exceeding £3 6s 8d is held in the Townhall. The said 
Records are in a good condition, and the Books numbered 1, 2, 
3. Original Charter in the Rolls Office. 


Recorder and TownsClerk of Enniskillen. 

We have evidence here, therefore, that the three 
volumes of the Records of the Corporation survived 
the great fires of the town. I knew in my youth a 
Miss Whitten, a daughter of the Recorder. It was 
a good local name for over a century in Enniskillen, 
and the name is now locally extinct. Thomas 


Whitten was living in 1823 when Moses Frith became '. 

Recorder. ■] 

We have, however, in the Vestry Book of Knnis- j 

killen, now preserved in the Records office, the names j 
of several Provosts who signed the minutes of Vestries 

from time to time, and I give with them the names I 

of others in italic obtained from other sources : — I 



1638— RICHARD GUTRIDGB, of Lisgoole. I 


1667— HENRY FFOWALL. '] 

1668— HENRY BALL. ^ 


1671-2— THOMAS PICKEN. i 

1674— WILL. COOPER (dpt. Prost.) i 


1677— WILL. COOPER. | 

1678^0HN COLE. 1 


1681— WM. BROWNING. j 

1682— DAVID RYND. I 

1684— JA. EWART. j 

1687-89— P-4C;X DAJSTS. ( 


1697-89^AMES CORRY (Capt.). \ 

1710— JOHN COLE. 

1719— JOHN COLE. ] 


years WALTER HUDSON (Kt.) \ 



1781— WM. SCOTT. \ 


1824— THOMAS JOHNSTON (rector). \ 

1825— MAJOR IRVINE. \ 


*" — ■ ~~ ' ! 

* This name occurs a few times in old chronicles as a citizen of distinction, ^ 
and one of the Hudson family. Sir Walter was Knighted by the Viceroy. I 

believe that the name borne by a Thomas I^atoumey in I<ack is that of the old \ 

family name corrupted, the first of whom was probably a French Huguenot. \ 



It will thus be seen that Major Hamilton Irvine, 
of the local Militia, and the Rector often enjoyed the 
honours and salary between them ; and it was locally 
understood that the Karl of Bnniskillen was consulted 
as to every appointment. The Provost of 1832 was 
father of the Very Rev. Chas. T. Ovenden, at one 
time rector of Knniskillen, and now Dean of St. 
Patrick's, Dublin. 

190 HISTORY OP B1TN1SKII,I.«N. [1615 



We have not, unfortunately, any direct testimony 
(the main sources failing) as to the growth and 
development of the township for some time. We 
can well understand, however, that owing to the 
character of the time, guards had to be placed on 
the two chief fords, until bridges were placed over 
them, that roads were made, and that probably the 
first road was that from the town to the Near Mill, 
for long connected with the ancient name of Frith, 
in Toneystick. It proceeded up the steep gradient 
from the East Ford, along the side of the hill 
(called Camomile Hill during the i8th century) across 
the then fair green ; and dipping along the present 
avenue of Fort lyodge proceeded (right across the 
present broad road to Irvinestown) past the Pound, 
swerving to the left from the then Dublin road 
(above the present railway bridge) towards Moneynoe 
or Chanterhill on its way to Derrykeeghan,* the site 
of the Far Mill, for about two centuries connected 

• The flow of water from Ballydoolagk lake to this mill, when owned by 
Mr. Christopher Wilson in 1870, was considerably reduced by the diversion 
of the water of the lake to supply Kuniskillem waterworka, tor which Mr. 
Wilson was awarded compensation. 


with the name of Wilson, provided for this section. 
Till this day will be observed the diagonal line of 
old trees leading from the old road marking the track 
of the way to the Near mill, and another diagonal line of 
trees marking another track eastward up to the same 
road, further on. A small house close to the present 
Presbyterian Manse, was built on the site of this last 
road, as was usually the case when it was sought to 
put an end to right-of-way traffic, when the broad 
road to Irvinestown was opened in 1824. 

The town had not long embarked upon its 
independent existence when on the 15th December, 
in 1617, Mathew and Edward Davis of Dublin, gents., 
obtained a licence to sell during their lives spirituous 
liquors in Kniskillen and throughout Fermanagh 
County : and on the 22nd no less a personage than 
Sir William Cole himself (for he had been knighted) 
and Dame Susan, his wife, obtained a licence to keep 
taverns and make and sell ardent spirits in Enis- 
killen and within three miles round about. 

Hitherto Sir Wm. Cole had been Warden in the 
Castle for the sovereign of the realm, mention of which 
was specially excluded from his grant, but we find in the 
year 1820 a new state of things arise. In this year 
a King's Letter directed that the inland forts of 
Ulster, including the Castle of Enniskillen, be granted 
to their present custodians ; and that within three 
years they were to build castles 40 feet long by 20 
feet broad by 30 feet high, with bawns 200 feet 
square where such were not already built. Therefore 
it was that Sir William Cole received a grant of the 
Castle, fort, and baron of Inishkillen and two-thirds 
part of the island of Inishkillen, containing 40 acres 
with two small islands adjoining the said island of 


Inishkillen with all their buildings, lying within the 
Lake called Loughearne, and all the lands and 
tenements belonging to same. Rent £5 Irish : to 
hold as of the Castle of Dublin by fealty as well as 
common soccage. To keep the Fort and all the 
premises therein in repair, and in time of rebellion or 
any general disturbance the King to have power to 
place a Governor therein with troops both horse and 
foot with all the munitions for defence, and in case 
of a minority the Lord Deputy to have power to place 
a Governor in the Castle. Not to alien any part of 
the premises to a recusant or to any person that does 
not conform to the established religion, and in case 
the descendants of said William Cole be not of the 
same faith the Lord Deputy for the time to have 
power to take possession of the Castle or Fort and 
place therein a Governor of the established religion. 
And not to alien to the mere Irish for a longer 
term than 21 years. 

But before this time Captain Cole had repaired 
the Castle, after it had suffered from the siege, for 
we find from the Carew Manuscripts under the 
heading of **Bnishkellin" and the year 161 1, that 

There is a fair strong wall newly erected of lime and ;tone, 
26 foot high, with flankers, a parapet, and a walk on top oi the 
wall, built by Captain William Colle [Cole], constable thereof, 
towards which he had 200^ sterling from the King. A fair 
house begun upon the foundation of the old castle, with 
other convenient houses for store and munition, which, besides 
the laying out of the captain's own money, will draw on some 
increase of charge to the King. The bawn is ditched about 
with a fair large ditch, and the river on one side, with a 
good drawbridge. The King has three good boats there ready 
to attend all services. A large piece of ground adjoins the 
fort with a good timber house, after the English fashion, 
built by the captain, in which he and his family now 


Wrhich leads us to conclude that the present 
Keep in the square of the Castle Barracks was largely 
the work of Captain Cole, who also built the towers 
at the water gate, and that very little but the 
lower walls are left of the original Castle of the 
Maguires. In fact the difference in the masonry 
in the side walls seems to mark the junction of the 
new masonry with the old. (See illustration, page 16.) 

The timber houses built by Captain Cole were 
likely constructed on the higher ground of the Broad 
Meadow near Wellington Place. 




We have extremely little information as to the 
character of the houses of the gentry of the period 
or of the better classes. The first dwelling of Captain 
Cole, as we see, was constructed of wood ; the most 
of the houses in the young settlement were likely 
fashioned with the same material, and therefore became 
an easy prey to fire. A great conflagration occurred in 
Bnniskillen in 1618, which was so disastrous that 
certain persons were authorized to collect money 
throughout Ulster to relieve the sufferers. We might 
conclude that some pains would be taken to guard 
against a similar occurrence when new houses were 
raised, and we do not read of another disaster of 
the kind till the beginning of the next century, 
in 1705. 

The only information which I can procure re- 
specting the housing of the period is that from the 
writings of a Scottish gentlemen named Lithgow who 
visited Ireland in 1619-20 — about the same time as 
Captain Pynnar, and whose observations were not 
published until 1692, in the course of which he said 

1619] THS BRIDGES. 195 

that the residences of the gentry were, as a rule, 
extremely mean in appearance, and that most of them 
were thatched. As to the peasantry, their homesteads 
were from nine to twelve feet high, circular in form, 
with a conical roof. The walls were composed of 
a frame of wattles, interlaced with straw and filled 
up with turf. "One room served for barn, kitchen, 
hall, and stable ; and that room, probably surrounded 
by a dung heap, under which roof in foul weather 
scarcely can they find a dry part wherein to repose 
their * cloud-baptized heads.' " 

Few of the gentry could read or write, and as 
for the peasantry, they were not only illiterate but 
ignorant and superstitious, some of the old Druidical 
beliefs and charms influencing them. 

He also said that there were more rivers, lakes, 
brooks, strands, quagmires, bogs, and marshes in 
Ireland than in all Christendom besides; for, travel- 
ling there in the winter, his daily journeys were 
rendered disagreeable through his horse constantly 
sinking up to the girths in the bogg^ roads ; his 
saddle and saddle-bags were utterly destroyed : he 
was often compelled to cross streams by swimming 
his horse ; and in so doing, he and his guides (.') 
ran risk of their lives. In five months he foundered 
six horses, and felt himself in the end as worn out 
as any of his steeds. 

Among the improvements provided by the 
planters were two bridges — one at the East Ford, and 
another at the West Ford. The character of the 
former is not known, but I take it to have been a 
very narrow and temporary structure, perhaps eleven 
feet wide, as a new and a wider stone bridge was 
built, and was only being completed before Uie 


Revolution in 1688, at tlie Bast Ford, which remains 
till this day as the western side of the Bast Bridge. 

To protect passengers from passing cattle or 
vehicles, it had the V-shaped man holes, which were 
generally occupied by beggars, till the bridge was 
widened about 1825, giving a carriage way of 14ft. 
6in. wide, places of refuge were done away with, and 
one flagged side-walk was laid down on the north 
western side. This bridge was again widened in 1892, 
during Mr. Thos. Plunkett's Chairmanship, to remove 
a sharp angle on the north-east side, which had 
caused an accident. The sloping roadway to the 
Forthill was dug away at the same time, (to be 
replaced by the present steps), the excavated earth 
being flung into the low ground beside the river 
towards the islet, and on this ground the new houses 
of Mr. Dawson, V.S., and others stand. When the 
lyough Brne Drainage Works* of 1887 were completed, 
the level of the lake was so reduced that the wooded 
islet of Bnniskillen became part of the mainland. 

The first bridge at the West Ford was composed 
of eight arches, and was spoken of as being identical 
in number of arches, and size, and recesses to the 
present bridge at Ballyshannon, and it remained there 
till about 1773-5, when a new stone bridge of three 
arches was constructed in every way like the Bast 
Bridge. This last bridge was sufficient for the public 
traffic until the I^ough Brne Drainage Board (appointed 
in 1887) finding it necessary to remove one of the 
piers, and to deepen the water way, built the new 
stone bridge, with one central pier, in 1892, 

• The contractor for the lyOugh Erne Works, was Mr. Best, whose sou 
Mr. Allen Best married Miss Gait, Enniskillen, daughter of Mr. Wm. Gait 
and grandaughter of the Rev. Alex Cooper Maclatchy, MA., Presbyterian 
Minister, Enniskillen. 













Si. « 

cr ii 

2 o 

S- "^ 

OO '^ 








1631] THE TOWNSFOLK. 1 97 



Seeing that the town was planted in 161 2 we 
cannot expect much from it at this period ; and while 
we would like to peer into its appearance, its social 
and political conditions, and surroundings, the only 
glimpse afiforded of it is a sort of census of Ennis- 
killen* taken about the year 1630. The exact date is 
not filled in, nor the name of the Provost, but it is 
about 20 years after the town was founded. It is 
interesting reading as showing the names of the earlier 
inhabitants, and of these names several survive. As to 
John Frith, the name survives in the name of Mr. 
John Brien Frith, J.P., and of Mr. John Arthur 
Frith, also a High Sheriff of the county lately ; and 
in the name given to Frith Alley, convenient to the 
cottage at one time known as Island View, with a 
pretty outlook towards Derryhara and the islet of 
Enniskillen, but obscured by the construction of the 
Gas Works in 1849 and by the erection of other 

• Compare those names with the list of townsmen who signed the address 
to King "William and Queen Mary nearly 50 years later and only a few of 
them appear. 




buildings. Numbers 46 and 47 also show the names 
of ancestors of two well-known local families —the 
Caldwells and the Carletons. Here is the extract, 
from The Muster Roll of the county of ffarmanagh : 

!The Names of the Townesmen ok Eneskii,i,in and their 


A.D. 163—. 



Frauncis Bird 


Sword onely. 


Gerrard Wiggan 


)> >i 


David Williams 


> ) i> 


Thomas Browning 


>> »> 


Thomas Smith 


Sword and pike. 


Andrew Lewis 


Sword onely. 


Ralph Pickring 


>) >) 


Andrew Ward 


Sword and pike. 


William Johnston 


Sword onely. 


John Harrison 


>5 U 


Thomas Little 


Sword and pike. 


Gilbert Johnston 


Sword onely. 


William Wheatlow 


Sword and pike. 


Thomas Hogg 


Sword onely. 


James Johnston 


" " . 


Mungo Rotherfeild 


Sword and pike. 


Thomas Hill 


Sword and callener. 


William Onim 


Sword onely. 


James M'Kilmay 


Sword and callener. 


George Bochanan * 


Sword onely. 


John Davis 


Sword and pike. 


Robert King 


Sword only. 


John Amerson 


Sword and callener. 


John Ford 


Sword and pike. 


John Hays 


Sword onely. 


Richard Nyst 


Sword and pike. 


John Padge 


1) >i 


William Hogg 


J> 5» 


Richard Smyth 


Sword onely. 


John Davison 


Sword and callener. 


William Boochannan 


»> »> 


John Blany 



John Radcliflf 


Pike onely. 


John Carroll 


Sword and Halbert. 


John Mouse 


II »> 


David Logan 


Sword onely. 


Richard Major 


No armes. 


William Grible 


No armes. 


John Frith 




Jeremy Gleene 




John Maxwell 



• Robert Bochanan, Knniskillcn, who died about 1880, was the only one I 
Imew of who spelt his name this way. 

1631] MUSTER ROI.L. I99 

42 George Gylesby ... No armes. 

43 Robert Rea 

44 Rynyon [Ninian] Watson ,, 

45 Georg Nichols .•• »> 

46 John Caldwell ... ., 

47 Christopher Charelton ... ,, 

48 Rynyon Armestrong ... ,, 

49 Thomas M'Cartan, younger* ,, 

50 David Minshaw ... «» 

51 Brian Johnston ... «, 

52 Thomas Yates ... „ 

•Tbo use of the word "younger" for junior shows the use of the 
Scotc^ form in this and other cases. 




Fermanagh was largely planted with moss-troopers 
from the Scottish border, men used to fighting and 
cattle-reiving ; and tradition hath it that they were 
specially selected, by reason of their training, to form 
a rampart against the Connaught border. Thus it is 
that we find the Johnstons of Annandale in such 
profusion in the county, the Armstrongs, Elliotts, 
Beattys (of Beattock) in Drumfries, the Scotts, Nixons, 
Kirkpatricks, Grahams, Creightons, Maxwells, Moffetts, 
&c. Other Scotch names like those of Morrison, 
Campbell, Dundas, Cathcart, Mitchell, Gregg, Murray, 
Henderson, Irvine, Stewart, will be found in the 
Muster Roll, as illustrating the point. It will 
reveal the antiquity of several of the local farming 
families, and the predominance of the Scottish race 
in some baronies. The copy of the original transcript 
(Mss. 4770 in British Museum) was kindly supplied 
to me by the Rev. W. H. Dundas : — 


James I<ord Ballfoure, Barron of Clannally, Under- 




taker of 5,000 acres — the names of his men and armes 
as ffolloweth [Castlebalfour estate] : — 

1 Donnall Lenox 

Sword and pike. 

2 Robert Calwell 

Sword only. 

3 James Rosse 

>> »> 

4 James Hendry 

>» M 

5 Walter Murray 

»» >> 

6 Richard Murray 

,, ,, 

7 John Michell 

5> »> 

8 William Greg 

Sword and pike. 

9 Robert Graham 

>> >> 

10 Robert Michall 

Sword only. 

11 Robert Scot 

Sword and pike. 

12 John Gregg 

>» >j 

13 William Little 

Sword only. 

14 Robert Scot 

Sword and pike. 

15 Robert Gregg 

j> »> 

16 John Little 

Sword only. 

17 Archbell Johnston 

Sword and snaphance, 

18 Robert Tallyffeare 

Snaphance onely. 

19 George ffrizall 

Pike onely. 

20 William Murray 

Sword and pike. 

21 William Porter 

Sword onely. 

22 John Mundall 


23 Symon Henderson 

Sword onely. 

24 Adam Armstrong 

»» 11 

25 Alexander Grindeston ... 

Pike onely. 

26 John Beaty 

Sword onely. 

27 John Beaty 

Pike onely. 

28 Andrew Irwin 

Sword onely. 

29 John Goodman 


30 ffrancis Johnston 

»> »i 

31 flfrauncis Johnston 

32 John Beatty 

>> »» 

33 James Johnston 

34 Quinton Noble 

t) M 

35 James Graham 

»» >> 

36 Robert Graham 

Pike onely. 

37 Adam Beaty, younger ... 

u •» 

38 Christopher Carruddas ... 

Sword onely. 

39 Archball Scot 

M M 

40 Lodwick Steward 

M »» 

41 James Clarke 

t1 >> 

42 James Armstrong 

»> »» 

43 William Dunweedy 

>> 11 

44 Malcolm M'flFarlan 

And the following are reported as having ' ' no armes : ' ' 

45 John Sympson 

46 William Ricarby 

73 George M' Ken rick 

74 William Little 

An early form of flintlock musket, which had no rest to support it. 




47 John Rathborne 

48 William Glene 

49 John Grahame 

50 John Little 

51 John Chyrnesyde 

52 Arthur Beaty 

53 James Balfoore 

54 John Johnston 

55 Symond Little 

56 William Elliot 

57 James Rea 
William Beaty 
David Beaty 
Adam Beaty 
William Dunkan 
Robert Armstrong 
George Read 
Daniell Leonax 
Alexander Balfoure 
David Story 

67 Alexander Shere 

68 John Browne 

69 John ffarwhere 

70 Gilbert Adamson 
Thomas Cragg 


72 Thomas fFarbouse 


Richard Henderson 



William Mophat 


Symon Mophat 


Robert Gradin 


John Irwin 


David Irwin 



Matthew Beatty 


William ffargisonne 


William Little 



Walter Little 


James Little 



John Beatty 


Andrew Little 


Robert Christoll 


Walter Ranick 


Gabriell Gibson 


Robert Somerwell 


James Byny 


Thomas Smyth 



Martin Moorhead 


Robert Smith 


Michaell Wilson 


Thomas Little 


David Scott 



James Mountgomery 



Sir William Cole Knight, undertaker of 1,000 

acres,* the names of his men and armes as followeth — 

Sword onely. 

Sword, pike, curace and 

Callenert and sword 
Sword and pike. 
Sword onely. 
••• i> »> 

• •• > > > > 
Sword and pike. 

>» i> 

Sword onely. 
Sword and pike. 
Sword onely. 
Sword and musket. 
Sword and pike. 

• •• >> > » 
Sword and musket. 



John Raggett 
John Gibbs 


Roger Skales 
Adam Johnston 
James Johnston 
Adam Browne 



Arthur Johnston 
Adam Nixon J 
Thomas Beaty 

10 Robert Johnston 

11 William Nordus 

12 ffrancis Johnston 

13 Thomas Johnston 

14 William Johnston 

15 Robert Johnston 

16 John Armestrong 

• This roll refers to Sir Wm. Cole's Manor of Drumskeagh [Drumscue] 
which includes Portora. See page 153. 

+ A callener or caliner was a light kind of musket or arquebus, introduced 
during the i6th century. 

t This name seems to be one of the earliest of one handed down through 
generations of the Nitron family. He is probably the first of the line. 




17 William Johnston 

18 Lancelut Armestrong 

19 John Gillpatrick 

20 John Hadson 

21 Thomas Upparry 

22 Charles fforrest 

23 William Grocer 

24 John Oglee 

25 Alexander Ogle 

26 William Scot 

27 Nicholas Ossenbrooke 

28 William Ossenbrooke 

29 John Taylor 

30 John Johnston 

31 Roger Pearse 

32 Ran dell Pearse 

33 Henry Bradley 

34 Christopher Harlore 

35 Symond Charlesworth 

36 George Courser 

37 John Bllot 

38 Abraham Wadsworth* 

39 Thomas Abbot 

40 Richard Beaty 

41 James Brinan 

42 ffargus Graham 

43 Henry Johnston 

44 George Smala 

Sword and pike. 
Sword onely. 

Sword and callener. 
Sword and pike. 
Sword and callener. 
Sword onely. 

Sword and callener. 

Sword onely. 

Sword and halbert. 

Sword and pike. 

Sword and callener. 
Callener and sword. 

Sword and pike. 

Sword and callener. 

Sword and pike. 

Sword and musket 
Sword onely. 

i> »» 

Sword and callener. 
Sword and pike. 
Sword and callener. 
Sword onely. 
Sword and pike. 
Sword onely. 


William Wiggin 

Sword and pike. 


Thomas Pockridg 

Sword onely. 


Thomas Little 

Pike and sword. 


John Johnston 

Sword onely. 

And the 

i following are reported as 

having "no armes:" — 


Richard Whitinge 


John ffare 


Phillip Ossenbrooke 


John Portis 


fFrauncis Charlesworth 


John Thomson 


Thomas Harlore 


James Armstrong 


Thomas Perry 


Alexander Skeares 


Thomas fforrest 


John Car 


James Raikie 


Robert Portis 


James Dundoes 


Patrick Ewart 


William Souage, younger 


Thomas Sanderson 


George Graham 


James Ewart 


Mr. Archdale, undertaker of 2,000 acres, 


men and armes as followeth — 
1 James Johnston 

Sword and callener. 

• There have been Wadsworths ever since on Drumscue Manor, and th« 
present Mr. George Wadsworth of Eaniskillen was bom on the estate. 





Robert Johnston 




David Johnston 




Henry Jarvis 




Archball Armestrong 


and snaphance, 


William Marshall 




Andrew Johnston 




John Jackson 


and callener. 


Thomas Robert 

> } 



William Eliot 



Symond Hudson 




James Coulter 


and callener. 


William Browne 




Thomas Little 




William Eliot 


and callener. 


Alexander Armestrong ... 




Robert Willson 


and musket. 


John Irwin 




William Kllot 

No armes. 


George Irwin 




Robert Willson 


and musket. 


John Irwin 




John Houlden 


: onely. 


Peter Gourdy 

Halbert onely. 


Charles Cute 

Pike onely. 


John Armestrong 


and snaphance, 


David Bigers 



the following are reported as having "no 

armes: "— 


George Irwin 


Henry : 



Thomas Lewes 


John Robinson 


Edward Brama 





Nicholas Richmond 


Izack Trott 


Thomas Whitby 





Richard fFoster 


John Wilson 


Thomas Anderson 


John Birs 

Mrs. Hatntnelton, widdowe to the Lord ArchBp of 
Cashell, deceased, undertaker of 1,500 acres, the names 
of her men and arms as follcweth [Castletown estate] — 

1 William Crawford 

2 William Beaty 

3 John Willson 

4 David Johnston 

5 John McCreeke 

6 Gowan Eliot 

7 James Sommervell 

8 William Eliot 

9 Robert fFoster 

10 William Rennick 

11 John Graham 

Sword onely. 
Sword and pike. 

Sword and callener. 
Sword and pike. 
Sword only. 

Sword and Pike. 
Sword only. 
Sword and pike. 




12 James Necall 

13 William Waterson 

14 Mungo Eliot 

15 William Sympson 

16 Thomas Sympson 

17 Robert Eliot 

18 George Armstrong 

19 William Eliot 

20 John Young 

21 Alexander Young 

22 Thomas Steele 

23 Marke Eliot 

24 James M'Calstander 

Sword and pike. 

Sword only. 
Sword and pike. 

Sword only. 
No armes 

Sir John Hume, Knight, undertaker of 3,500 
acres, the names of his men and armes as followeth — 


Thomas Cranston 


and pike 


John Lemingston 


and snaphance, 


Thomas Pott 




George Galder 

Pike onely. 


William Cranston 


and pike 


Thomas Smyth, elder ... 

Pike onely. 


John Thompson 




Alexander Carr 


and snaphance. 


James Skrese 


and pike. 


John Miller 




William Chirsies 




James Dundas 




John Allen 


and pike. 


William Savage 




George Graham 




George Rankin 




George Atkinson 




John ffayre 




John Portish 




John Neall 




James Graham 




William Wilkin 



Thomas Spence 




Alexander Atkinson 




Mortin Eliot 




Alexander Morison 


and pike. 


William Roberts 


and snaphance. 


James Hermiston 


and pike. 


John Greere, younger ... 




George McMillane 




William ffayre 


and pike. 


William Ay re 




John Spence 




John Waterson 


and snaphance 


David Browne 


and pike. 




36 James Browne 

87 Thomas Goodfellow 

38 James Wood 

39 James Anderson 

40 Thomas Trotter 

41 George Gibson 

42 ffrauncis Trotter 

43 John Goodfellow 

44 John Hall 

45 Thomas Lawhart 

46 Alexander Anderson 

47 William Brock 

48 John Brock 

49 John Black 

50 William Kinge 

51 Robert Black 

52 John Clarke 

53 Henry Black 

54 Alexander Hume 

55 Patrick Hume 

56 John Thompson 

57 Michaell Dixon 

58 George Robinson 

And the following are reported as 

59 Alexander Spence 

60 Alexander Patterson 

61 George Armestrong 

62 George Chirsyde 

63 John Goodfellow, younger 

64 James Brock 

65 John Rannick 

66 Ranyon Bell 

67 John Thomson 

68 John Trimble 

69 Thomas Atkinson 

70 Vincent Cocking 

71 Nicholas Roger 

72 Adam Williamson 

73 John Huggins 

74 George Car 

Sword and pike. 

>> »» 

Pike onely. 

>> It 

Sword onely. 
Pike onely. 
Sword and pike. 
Sword onely. 
Sword and callener. 
Sword and pike. 
Pike onely. 
Sword and Pike. 

Sword onely. 
Sword and pike. 
Sword and Halbert. 

>» >> 

Sword and pike. 

I > >> 

Sword onley. 

having "no armes : " — 



William Ross 
Thomas Coningham 
Gabrahell Coningham 
Alexander Chirsyde 
George Dick 
David Anderson 
Christopher Anderson 
Robert Younger 
William Henderson 
Thomas Younger 
Patrick Smelly 
John Clarke 
Alex. Anderson, elder 
John Greere 
John Renton 
Alexander Bell 


George Hume, Esq., undertaker of i,ooo acres, his 
men Drufticose Manor: — 

1 Alexander Hogg 

2 John Richardson 

3 James Hermidston 

4 John Hermidston 

5 Andrew Hume 

6 Robert Henderson 

7 John Ripeth 

Sword onely 

Sword and snaphance 

Sword onely 

»j » » 

Pike onely 
Sword onely 
Pike onely 




8 George Craford 

9 Robert Bowmaker 

10 John Gibson 

11 John ffayre 

12 John ffayre, younger . 

13 Clement Nixon 

14 Robert Portas 

15 Patrick Ewart 

16 William Michel! 

17 William Liddall 

18 Andrew Herit 

19 John Croser 

20 Thomas Sanderson 

21 William Dunsy 

22 Alexander Johnston 

23 James Vaugh 

24 James Armstrong 

25 William Armstrong 

And the following are reported 

26 Alexander Trotter 

27 James Trotter 

Sword and snaphance 
Sword and pike 
Snaphance onely 
Sword onely 
Sword and musket 
Sword and pike 

i> I) 

Snaphance onely 
Sword onely 
Sword and pike 
Sword and snaphance 
Sword onely 
Sword and pike 

Sword and snaphance 

»> • » 

Sword and pike 

having "no armes : " — 

28 John Bowmaker 

29 James Eliot 

Sir Gerrard I^owther, Kt., undertaker of 2,000 


1 Walter Ares 

2 Richard Good 
John Smith 
John Maxwell 
Andrew Bayty 
George Bayty 
John Johnston 
Wm. Bayty, younger 
Robert Baity 
Leonard Slater 
Christopher Cawart 

12 ffrancis Johnston 

13 Peter Blare 
Lancelot Carleton 
Ambross Carleton 
ffrancis Carleton 
William Moffet 
William Irwin 

19 James Irwin 

20 Andrew Johnston 

21 James Johnston 

22 Hugh Baetye 

23 David Baetye 

24 William Thompson 

25 John Thomson 

26 John Reedman 

Sword and musket 
Musket onely 
Sword and musket 
Sword and pike 
Sword and callener 
Sword and pike 
Sword onely 
Sword and pike 
Sword and callener 
Sword and musket 

)> II 

Sword and pike 

Sword and 
Sword and 
Sword and 
Sword and 
Sword and 






Sword and 






27 James Davison 

28 Christopher Calvert 

29 Robert Maxwell 

30 Robert Johnston 

31 David Watson 

32 John Little 

33 John Tynoing 

34 John Graham 

35 Walter Beatty 

36 Robert Good 

37 John Peacock 

38 Thomas Noble 

39 John Nixon 

40 James Maxwell' 

41 ffrancis Irwin 

And the following are reported 

42 John Good, younger 

43 Rolph Wyndstones 

44 John Baety 

Sword and musket. 
Sword and pike 
Sword and musket 
Sword and callener 

Sword onely 
Sword and pike 

having "no armes : " 

45 William Baety 

46 John Smyth 

47 Robert Johnston 

Mr. Honings, undertaker of 1,000 acres [Rossgweer] 

1 William Ameres 

2 Kdward Scammell, younger 

3 Edward Brampton 

4 Thomas Wilson 

5 Sammuell Bruner 

6 Thomas Richardson 

7 John Woke 

8 John Smith 

9 John Ellis 

10 Homan ffather 

11 Richard Orme 

12 Ralph Whittaker 

13 Edward Browne 

14 William Ogle 

15 Evance Westhead 

16 Allen Gabb 

17 Christopher Johnston ... 

18 William Bell 

19 Richard Reynick 

Musket onely 

Sword and snaphance 

Snaphance onely 

Sword onely 

Sword and pike 

Sword and snaphance 

Sword onely 

Pike onely 

Callener onely 

Pike onely 

Halbert onely 

Pike onely 

Sword and pike 

> J >> 

Sword and callener 
Sword and pike 

1 > It 

Sword onely 
Sword and callener 

And the following are reported as having "no armes: " — 

20 Robert Hantsworth 23 John Hyde 

21 John Roggers 24 Joseph Wats 

22 Matthew Helswords 


Mr. fflowerdew, undertaker of 2,000 acres . 
1 Christopher Irwin ... Sword and pike 




2 Christopher Calvert 

3 John Fymaying 

4 Kdward Readman 

5 William Barefoote 

6 John Yedding 

7 Richard Glover 

8 Vincent Reede 

9 John Irwin 

10 Thomas Browne 

11 Stephen Smith 

12 Thomas Lifer 

13 Richard Coult 

And the following are reported 

14 Ambross Carleton 

15 ffrauncis Carleton 

16 Andrew Johnston 

17 John Readman 

18 ffrancis Irwin 

19 Thomas Johnston 

20 George Yeddin 

21 Thomas Barefoote 

22 Thomas Hayg 

Sword and callener 

Sword and pike 
Musket onely 
Sword and pike 

Sword and callener 
Sword and pike 
Sword and snaphance 
Pike onely 
Snaphance only 

as having "no armes;" — 

23 i Thomas Harrison 

24 3Thomas Laughlane 

25 ^William Widson 

26 Edward Thomson 

27 8 Patrick Wallace 

28 .Humphry Carfit 

29 X William Mason 

30 X John ^Little 


ffrancis Blennerhassett, 
acres [Bannaghmore] . , 

Esq., undertaker of 1,000 


Robert Askin 

Sword onely 


William Helliard 

* > 11 


William Crome 

Snaphance onely 


Bryan Kellare 

Pike onely 


Richard Heskat 

Sword onely 


Richard Beard 

M M 

And the 

i following are reported as 

having "no armes:" — 


Thomas Johnston 


Richard Hill 


William Mawe 


Walter Notley 


Richard Lilly 


Christopher Thwinton 


William Cox 


John Bird 


Richard Notley 


Mathew Erskin 


William Notley 


William Armestrong 


Richard Hall 


William Slater 


Teig Bire 


Thomas Barton 


George Harrison 


Richard Bucket 

Mr. I^onard Blennerhasset, undertaker of 2,000 
acres [Hdernagh or Ec^erney] . . . 

1 Thomas Roe ... Sword and snaphance 






William Powell 

Sword and pike 


Edward Martin 

H 1) 


Robert Westby 

Sword onely 


John Kirke 

Pike onely 


Thomas Satcheverell 



Robert Rycroft 

Sword and snaphance 


Christopher Fh oxter 

Snaphance onely 



Robert Barton 



William Savadge 

Snaphance onely 


Jeromy Emery 

»> u 



Leonard Toby 

Sword onely 


William Hailard 

»> >» 


T. (sic) Rackins 

Sword and pike 

And the following are reported 

15 William Grace 

16 Richard Notley 

17 George Barton 

18 Thomas Palmer 

as having "no armes:" — 

19 Thomas Westby, elder 

20 Thomas Westby, younger 

21 John Vernan 

22 William Hammilton 


Sir Hugh Woorell, Knight, undertaker of 1,000 
acres [Armagh Manor] .... 

1 Hugh Worrell 

2 George Worrell 

3 Charles Worrell 

4 Thomas Dewsberry 

5 Robert Moore 

6 William Armstrong 
3 Thomas Armstrong 

Sword onely 

Pike onely 

Sword and snaphance 

»> > » 

Sword onely 

And the following are reported as having "no armes:" — 

8 Thomas Bent 

9 Michaell Amerson 

10 Arthur Graham 

1 1 William Graham 

12 George Graham 

13 Edward Graham 

14 Thomas Graham 

15 John Bell 

16 John Wesson 

17 William Amerson 

18 Rise Moore 

19 Walter Graham 

James Higgett, Lord Bishop of Killfanora, under 
taker of 1,000 acres [Manor Heygate] . . . 

1 Thomas Lane ... Sword onely 

2 John Presby ... Sword and pike 

3 Thomas Dillon ... Sword onely 

4 William Little ... Sword and pike 

5 Richard Hayle ... Pike onely 

6 Arthur ffoster ... Sword and pike 

7 Thomas Little ... ,, ,, 




8 Syinond Presby 

9 Morish Middlebrooke 

10 Thomas Knowells 

11 Thomas Presby 

12 Lewis Ridg 

13 William Wallis 

14 Anthony Barlow 

15 ffrancis Tod 

16 Andrew Little 

17 David Lenton 

18 William Graham 

Pike onely 

Sword onely 


Sword and snaphance 

Sword and pike 

>> »» 

Snaphance onely 
Pike onely 
Sword onely 
Sword and pike 

And the following are reported as having "no armes : "— 
19 Symond Burny 21 William Tomson 

20 Edward Clarke 

22 James Burny 


Charles Waterhouse, Esq., undertaker of i,ooo 
acres [Manor Waterhouse] ^ . . . 

Sword and snaphance 
Sword and pike 
Pike onely 
Sword onely 
Pike onely 

And the following are reported as having "no armes:" — 

6 William Kettle 10 John Pagest 

7 Thomas Bulman 11 Henry Clarke 

8 Christopher Wilkinson 12 Nicholas Pagest 

9 Humphrey Holland 

1 John Wright 

2 William Bishop 

3 Richard Nevill 

4 Nicholas Wally 

5 Christopher Bowser 


Edward Hatton, Archdeacon of Ardagh, undertaker 
of i,ooo acres [Cloncare or Knockballymore] . . . . 

1 John Beaty 

Sword and pike 

2 George Beaty 

Pike onely 

3 William Beaty 

»l M 

4 James Steward 

Sword and pike 

5 Jo Little 

>t »» 

6 Thomas Little 

Sword onely 

7 John Tibs 

Sword and callener 

8 Maximillion Tibs 

i» .. 

9 John Breaton 

Sword and pike 

10 Bashyn Cottiugham 

Pike onely 

11 Myles Acree 

Sword and pike 

12 John Burse 

Pike onely 

13 Richard Aston 

> « > > 

14 Thomas Aston 

»i »i 





William ffulka 

Snaphance onely 


Roger Maddeson 

Sword onely 


John Beaty younger 

Sword and pike 


Coleiston Maird 

) > 1 ) 


Peter Maddyson 


John Irwin 

Snaphance onely 


Robert Graham 

Sword and pike 


John Wayst 

>» >> 


James Birney 

Pike onely 


Richard Eradarne 

Sword and snaphance 


John Vick 

Pike onely 


Archdall Armestrong 

)> M 

the following are reported as 

having " no armes : " — 


William Wilson 


Thomas Michell 


Martin Little 


Tames Burney 


Thomas Seaton 


Archball Johnston 


John ffelix 


John Slack 


John Hall 


John Burse 


James Little 


Arch Armestrong 


John Carver 


Archball Wilson 


John Each 


John Beaty 


Gavin Johnston 


John Little 


Mr. Sedburrogh, undertaker of 1,000 acres [Mount 
Sedborough] . . 

Pike onely 
Callener onely 
Pike onely 

No armes 
Snaphance onely 

• • »> I > 

Pike and sword 
Sword and pike 

•• >j »» 

Pike onely 
Sword and pike 

Pike onely 
'• »» >» 

Sword and snaphance 

1 Thomas Tybball 

2 Joseph Dixon 

3 William Baxter 

4 Richard Crosse 

5 Thomas Childermis 

6 William Holliwood 

7 Edward Holliwood 

8 Robert Hudson 

9 Thomas Pearson 

10 Robert Clearetowne 

11 Richard Roland 

12 Hugh Tokes 

13 John Padge 

14 William Lackbone 

15 Thomas Day 

16 William Dye 

Sir John Dunbar, Knight, undertaker of 1,000 
acres [Manor of Drumcro — Dromore, Dromadown, &c.] 

1 William Johnston ... Sword and pike 

2 John Mophat ... ,, ,, 




3 John Gilmore 

4 George Sluano 

5 Thomas Trotter 

6 William Graham 

7 Thomas Graham 

8 George Torkington 

9 Randall Bowen 
10 Walter Johnston 

Snaphance onely 
Sword and pike 
Sword and musket 
Sword and pike 

»» »» 

Sword and musket 

Mr. Adwick, undertaker of 1,000 acres [Aghalane] 

1 Otywell Bridghowse 

2 Christopher Dallson 

3 John Bryare 

4 Hugh Sherwood 

5 Stephen Cooke 

6 Thomas Sherwood 

Sword and pike 
Snaphance onely 

»> »» 

Pike onely 
Snaphance onely 
No armes 


Sir Steaphen Butler, Knight, undertaker of 3,000 
acres, the names of his men and armes [Dresternan 
and I^aytrim] : — 


Edward Rogers 

Sword and snaphance 


Thomas Midlebrooke ... 

Sword onely 


Bartholemew Caps 

u >> 


Thomas Meanese 

»» >> 


John Meanese 

Sword and snaphance 


John More 

»j >> 


Oliver Wyndser younger ... 

>» iy 


John Kettle 

»» »» 


Thomas Cooper 

Halbert onely 


Thomas Walker 

Sword and pike 


William Morton 

Sword and snaphance 


Richard Morton 

»» »i 


Robert Allen 

Snaphance onely 


William Berry 

?) It 


William Rogers 

Sword onely 


William flent 

Sword and pike 


Henry Dalmore 

Pike onely 


Robert Heaklefield 

Sword and pike 


Edward Knowels 

Sword and snaphance 


Laurence Knowels 

Snaphance onely 


Robert Barton 

Pike onely 


Thomas Pearce 

Sword onely 


John Penne 

Pike onely 


Martin Evance 

Sword and pike 


Thomas Turner 

Sword onely 




26 John May res 

27 Edward Mayres 

28 George Bradshaw 

29 Symond More 

30 Robert Willson 

31 Philip Skelton 

32 Humphrey Whaler 

33 Edward Kent 

34 Robert Williamson 

Sword and snaphance 

t> »» 

Pike onely 
Snaphance onely 
Sword and pike 

Sword onely 

And the following are reported as having "no armes : "— 

35 Thomas Greene 

36 John Rogers 

37 William Troleman 

38 Thomas Sympson 

39 William Seatwo 

40 Roger Marchand 

41 Robert I/unne 

42 William Wyndsor 

43 Robert Walker 

44 Thomas Allen 

45 William West 

46 John West 

47 William Bootes 

48 Matthew ffreman 

49 James Booth younger 

50 John Booth 

51 Robert Temple 

52 Christopher Cotes 

53 Thomas Laurence 

54 Valentyne Cranly 

55 Walter Newborne 

56 Ben net Taylor 

57 Robert Walker 

58 Richard Walker 

59 Thomas Piper 
63 Thomas Bell 

61 George Ward 

62 William ifenton 

63 Jonathan Allen 

64 Walter ffree 

65 John Tuttle 

66 Thomas Middlebroke 

67 Thomas Tutle 

68 Thomas ffreman 

69 Thomas Handbridg 

70 Thomas Adwick 

71 Thomas Sprag 

72 Roger Machan 

73 ffrancis Sympson 

74 Henry Woods 

75 Christspher Bridon 

76 John West 

77 John Chadwick 

78 William Machan 

79 John Browne 

80 Henry Barry 

81 Henry Rogers 

82 John Barton 

83 William Antryn 

84 Thomas Hancock 

85 William Parsons 

86 Symond Wentford 

87 William Parkins 

88 William Bignall 

89 Thomas Ganderton 

90 ffrancis Chonall 

91 William Morris 

92 Thomas Whittaker 


The Lord Dillon's servitors' land being 1,500 acres 
the names of his men and armes as ffolloweth : — 


Randall Eliot 

Sword onely 


Hugh Nixon 


Christopher Nixon 


Robert EUot 


Martin Eliot 


John Armstrong 


John Nixon 





Martin Eliot elder 


and pike 


John Nixon 




Gavin Baiteye 




Richard Graham 




John Armstrong 


and pike 


William Armstrong 

• 1 



Rynnyon Armestrong ... 




Quinton Nixon 




Gavin Nixon 




William Armstrong 




John Eliot 




Thomas Armstrong 




Rober EUot younger 




William Armstrong 




Andrew Armstrong 


and pike 


Walker ffrizall 




Robert Crosby 




Symond Armstrang 




Thomas Noble 




Thomas Noble elder 

No armes 


Sir William Cole for his servitors' lands being a 
thousand acres, his men and amies : — 


Edward Carnaby 

Sword and pike 


William Skayles 

Sword onely 


Alexander Wiggon 

j» »> 


Symon Rutleidg 

Sword and pike 


William Armstrong 

»> »» 


John Armstrong 

Sword onely 


Symon Armstrong 

»» »> 


John Steales 

>» »» 


John Haj'cs 

Pike and sword 


Andrew Wiggau 

Sword onely 


John Steale 

>» >» 


David Eliot 

Sword and pike 


Andrew Armstrong 

Sword and pike 


Captaine Roger Atkinson his servitors lands 1,000 
acres, the names of his men and amies [Castlecoole] : — 

1 George Wilson 

2 William Moore 

3 Peter Duffin 

4 John Skarlet younger 

5 John Skarlet elder 

6 Thomas Izacke 

7 John Hunter 

8 John Brewer 

vSword onely 





Robert Story 


John EUott 


Thomas West 


Toby Brewer 


Thomas Atkinson 


Andrew Williamson 


Thomas Calbreath 


William Izack 

9 Zackary P[R]ampayne ... Sword onely 

There are no words written opposite 10-25 : probably they 
had no armes. 

10 William Barret 

11 Robert Prowing 

12 John Duffyn 

13 John Duffyn younger 

14 Thomas Calbrath 

15 ffrauncis Brangan 

16 John Shearerton 

17 William Johnston 

Sir Ralph Goer, Knight, his servitors' lands being 
1,000 acres, the names of his men and armes [Manor 

William Hall 
Nicholas Ossenbrooke 
Phillip Ossenbrooke 
Richard Johnston 
John Johnston 
John Armestrong 
Lancelot Armestrong 
William Johnston 
David Johnston 
Symond Armestrong 
Thomas EUot 
Archall EUot 
Thomas Armestrong 
Archball EUot, younger 
William Ossenbrooke 

of Carrick] : — 


had no arms — 


Charles Brookes 



Edward Maxwell 



David Johnston 



John Micheall 



John EUot 



Symond Creighton 



Christopher Sympson 



John EUot younger 



William EUot 



Thomas Beaty 



John Beaty 



Thomas Atwill 



Philip Hall 



Steaphen Hall 



James Gray 



John Kidly 


The lyord Hastings' Churchlands being 1,500 acres, 
[lyisgoole] the names of his men and armes as ffolloweth : 


Thomas Slack 

Sword and pike 


Richard Gutridge 

Sword onely 


Thomas fFawslet 

Sword and callener 


John Beaty 

Sword onely 


John EUot 

<» i» 


William FUot 

Sword and callener 


Thomas Eliot 

Sword onely 


ArchbaU EUot 

Sword and pike 


Thomas Armstrong 

»♦ »« 


Gawin Cooke 

Sword onely 


John Murdo 

»» »» 




12 John Craford 

13 Thomas Humprey 

14 Thomas Armstrong you. 

15 John Baws 

16 Richard Cooke 

Sword onely. 

Sword and snaphance 

»» »> 

Pike onely 

And the following are reported as having "no armes:"— 

Archball Armstrong 
Thomas Bews 
Robert Teckison 
Thomas Blayny 
Anthony Prior 
Robert Nixon 

23 John Jackson 

24 Thomas Beaty 
John Pog 
Steaphen Hall 
Phillip Hall 
John Reilly 
James Gray 

30 Gilbert Johnston 

31 Symond Armestrong 

32 John Humphrey 

33 Richard Crowckea, 


34 William Graham 

35 Patrick ffrizell 

36 Andrew Sympson 

37 William Jengs 

38 James Irwin 

39 George Crawford 

40 William Mophet 

41 Thomas EUot 

Mr. Archdal's Tenants on his Churchlands, being 

I,UUU «iCrC5>, LUC UC11UC& . . . 

1 William Johnston 

Sword onely 

2 William Johnston, yonnger 

Sword and pike 


3 Richard Packrag 

>« )? 

4 George West 

*t it 

5 William Balls 

M >> 

6 Symond Johnston 

Callener onely 

7 John Little 

»i >) 

And the following are reported as 

having "no armes:" — 

8 Arch Little 


Alexander Wiggin 


9 Ralph Wyndstanley 


Thomas Wiggin 


10 George Chittock 


Ralph Armestrong 


11 Andrew Cockaine 

I^onard Blennerhasset, 
1,000 acres his . . • . 

Richard Cardy 
George Irwin 
Richard Irwin 
Edward Cutler 


his Churchlands 


Robert EUot 
George Crozer 
7 Henry Greene 






The Lady Brewerton's 

acres, the names . . . . 

1 John Wallas 

2 William Morris 

3 John Moore 

4 Thomas Abrow 

5 Thomas Beaty 

6 John Ore 

7 George Beaty 

8 William M'Cullin 

9 John M'Cullin 

10 Walter Beaty 

11 John Beaty 

12 James Henderson 

13 Robert Gower 

14 William Moore 

15 James Beary 


Lieuftenant William Graham, his Churchlands 
being "5CX) acres, the names .... 

Churchlands being 2,000 

Sword onely 

• > > » 

Sword and pike 

Sword onely 
Sword and pike 
Sword onely 

j» »> 

No armes 


Edward Graham 

Sword and pike 


Hugh Graham 

»l M 


William Graham 

II •, 


John Graham 

Sword and musket 


William Graham 

«> )) 


ifrancis Graham 

Sword and snaphance 


Herbert Graham 

Sword and callener 


John Bell 

f 1 M 


Mr. ffullerton*s Gleeblands being 120 acres, his 
men and armes as appeared — 

1 James Euerat ... Sword and snaphance 

2 Thomas Tutlar ... ,, ,, 


Mr. Willoby, his Churchlands being 300 acres, 
his men and armes as folio weth— 

1 John Johnston 

2 Robert Johnston 

3 Edward Johnston 

Sword onely 
Sword and pike 

163-] ' THE MUSTER ROLI.. 219 

4 Edward Johnston, younger Pike onely 

5 John Mihell ... No armes 

6 George Lawesdall ... Sword onely 

Mr. Hugh Mountgomery, his Churchlands being 
I, OCX) acres, his men and armes [Derrybrusk] : — 

1 Edward Weare ... Sword onely 

2 John M'Gregory ... ,, ,, 

3 Thomes Greg ... ,, ,, 

4 Sammuell Hetton ... ,, ,, 

5 Charles Murray ... ,, ,, 

6 Neal Mountgomery ... ,, ,, 

7 William Clarke 

8 Abraham Wilkinson ... Pike only 

9 William Mungomery ... Sword and pike 

10 John Mungomery ... Pike onely 

11 James Hay ... No armes 

TOTAI,— 971 names. 


Some are counted together where only a slight 
difference as of a letter. Others in list of those 
occurring once may also be considered duplicate^ 

55 times Johnston, 

41 ,, Armestrong, (Armstrong, Armstrange). 

36 s, Beaty, (Beatty, Bayty, Baetye, Baiteye). 

33 ,, Eliot. 

29 ,, Graham. 

25 „ Little. 

17 ,, Irwin. 

10 ,, Nixon. 

9 ,, Smith, Wilson. 

8 ,, Brown, Hall, Moore, Thomson. 

7 ,, Sympson. 

6 ,, Anderson, Bell, Clarke, Michell, Ossenbrooke, 

Rogers (Roger), West (Wayst), Wiggan. 
5 ,, Barton, Carleton, ffayre, Henderson, MaxAvell, 

Mophat (Moffet), Scot, Trotter. 
4 ,, Allen, Atkinson, Crawford (Craford), Ewat, 

Greg, Montgomery (Mungomery), Murray, 

Noble, Notley, Portis, Rennick, Walker. 
3 ,, Amerson, Burney, Brock, Black, Burse (Birs), 

Car, Cooke, Duffyn, ffrizell, ffoster, Gibson, 


Good, Goodfellow, Hayes, Harrison, HemistoH, 
Hogg, Hume, Knowells, Middlebroke, Ogle, 
Pageot, Presby, Readman, Robinson, Souage, 
Spence, Steele, Wallis, Westby, Widson, 
Williamson, Warrall. 


Archball (Archibald), Quinton, Lodwick, Symond (Simon), 
Gabraell, Lancelot, Randell, ffargus, Gawin, Mungo, Rynyon, 
Vincent, Clement, Ambross, Haman, Teig, Jeromy, Rise, 
Morish, Maximillion, Bastyn, Myles, Colinton, Otwyall, 
Zackary, Toby, Neal, Valentine. 

A glance at the 971 names will also reveal the 
presence of several English names, such as — Aston, 
Addison, Barefoot, Beard, Barton [which means 
Briton], Boots, Bridghowse, Bucket, Carver, Carnaby, 
Cottingham, Caps, Cranley, Cooke, Emery, Glover, 
Kettle, Hall, Hollywood, I^ittle, Middlebrook, 
Newborne, Savage, Skales, Slater, Wyndsor, Westby, 
Wiggan or Wiggins, Woods. It looks as if the 
enumerator spelt the names in his own fashion. In 
those days learning was scanty and schools were few, 
and there were no forms left at the houses for the 
occupiers to fill. The enumerator spelt the names 
as pronounced to him, and after the fashion of the 
time, such as EHott for Elliott, Mungomery for 
Montgomery, Craford for Crawford, Baiteye for 
Beatty, &c. 













James Lord Balfour 




Sir Wm. Cole 


3 19 



Mr. Archdall 





Mrs. Hammelton 





Sir John Hume 





George Hume 





Sir Gerrard Lowther 




• ) 

Mr. Hanings 





Mr. fflowerdew 





ffraucis Blennerhasset 





Mr. Leonard Blennerhasset 





Sir Hugh Worrel 





Jas. Higget, Ld. sp. Kil- 





Chas. Waterhouse [fenora 





Edward Hatton, Archu. 





Mr. Sedburrough [Ardagh 





Sir John Dunbar 




half B of Knockneny 

Mr. Adwick 




Knockneny and Cole 

Sir Stephen Butler 









Lrd. Dillon's servitors* lands 





Sir Wm. Cole's do 





Capt. Roger Atkinson's do 




Sir Ralp Gower's do 




Lord Hasting'schurchlands 





Mr. Archdall's tenants in do 





Ld. Blennerhasset ch' lands 




Lady Brewerton's do 




J B Clankelly 

Lieut. Wm. Graham do 





Mr FuUerton's glebelands 





Mr. Willoby'9 churchlands 





Mr. Hugh Montgomery do 






There were what were called Exchequer and 
Chancery Inquisitions in those days, which required 
juries, and these juries were composed of leading 
citizens. I give a few of them here, the first having 
reference to the celebrated George Montgomery, 
Bishop of Clogher, a man of great prominence in his 
day, who brought several of his family to Ulster and 
did well for them. The recurrence of local names 
of distinction and the designations of the townlands 
of residence on the juries will be observed : — 


No. 2. Jas. I. Taken about George [Montgomery] the 
bishop of Clogher, on 2 March 18th Jas. 1 (1621), at Magher- 
evelick [Magheraveely] . 

Clinton Maude, Symon Munford, Hugh Montgomery, 
Jn. Presly, Jn. Clarke, Thomas Tateringham, gents. ; Jas. 
Owen, yeoman ; Rory Maguire gt. ; Donel Boy O'Mulpatrick. gt. ; 
Cormock M'Manus, yeoman ; Patrick M'Coronie, yeoman ; 
Gillernow O'Beran, yeoman ; and Xtopher Dixenson, yeoman. 

No 3. Jas I. Taken about Bryan O'Skallan [Scollan], 
on 3rd Oct. 20th, Jas. I. (1622), at Eniskillen. 
Clinton Maude, Jas. Arnot, Hugh Stokes, Thos. Teballs, 


Thos. Presly, Thos, Simpson, Edw. Rogers, Charles Brookes, 
Alex. Hughmes, and Hugh Montgomery, all gents. ; and Jas. 
Dundas, Donnell M'Cormack, and Teige Reagli O'Bryan^ 

No. 1. Jas. II. Taken about Roger Boyle, the Bishop 
of Clogher, at Lisnaskea 19 April 4th, Jas. II. (168--). 
Cuconoght oge Maguire, Edmond oge Maguire, Bryan Maguire, 
Rabt. Ellett, Phelim Maguire, Tirlogh Maguire, Jas. 
Montgomery, Arthur M'Cawley, Wm. Moore, Alex. Gredin, 
Christopher O'Keenan, and Alex. M'Donnell, all gents. 

No. 1. Wm. and Mary. Taken about Cuconaght 
Maguire on 5 May, 1693, at Eniskillen. 

Jason Hassartt, of Mullymesker Jn. Maynes, of Mountsid- 
Laurence Craflford, of Bonny- borough 

brook Richd. Evatt, of Tully 

David M'Custian, of Iniskillen Jas. Dundas, of Derrymeanagh 
Jas. West, of Killymaddue George Rankin, of Iniskillen 

Alex. Forquer, of Iniskillen Wm. Bell, of Corrick 

[sometimes spelt Forker] 
George Rankin, of Monymarget Wm. Cottington, of Iniskillen 

Monymarget is the Irish name of the 
townland known as Silverhill. The Rankius 
of Tully (next townland) was one of the 
oldest families of the county, and was 
occupied by members of the family until 
about 1872, wheu the Misses Rankin 
went to Dublin. 

all gents. 

All the seals are apparently the same. 

No* 39. Charles I. taken 14 Sep., 1638, at Eniskillen, 
about Charles Waterhouse, before Richd. Guttridge, Provost of 
Eniskillen, by following Jury- 
Thomas Knowles, of Castlecoole, Jn. Aderson, of Enniskillyn, gt. 

gt. Thos. Serjent, of Killikey, gt. 

Pat O'Quigley, of Clonlyferyn, Phelim O'Case, of Mointagh, 

gt. gt. 

Jn. Pulloge, of Shean, gt. Jn. Johnson, of Tully, gt. 

Pat M'Hugh, of Cosclavdin, gt. Chas. Handel, of MuUaghna- 
Cahel oge Maguire, of Lary, gt. go wan 

Thos. Furbor (?) of Maguires- Cormack M'CoUo Maguire, gt. 

bridge Thos. Grosse, of Clankelly, gt. 

No. 38. Charles I. taken 14 Sep., 1638. at Eniskillen, 
about Phelim Maguire, before Richd. Guttridge, Provost of 
Eniskillen, by the following Jury — 

Francis Wootten, of Monaghan Pat Murphy, of Monaghan 


Thos. Harris, of Ballyneshallen Owen M'Hugli, of Bally- 
Hugh MXoughlin, of Ballysheske neshallen 

Pat M'Brien M'Mahon, of Bally- Corn O'Clearion, of Bally- 
lackey clerin 

Hugh M'GilldufFe M'Mahon, of Ballylackey, Brien Roe 
O'Duflfy, of Ballyduffy 

Owen M' Patrick Conn O'Duflfy, of Ballyduflfy 

Mahon M'Mahon, of Bally dromgowlagh 

Rosse M'lvaghlen M'Kenna, of Ballaghreske 

James M'Phillip M'Terence, of Ballaghreske 

Ardell M'Phillip M'Kenna, of Ballenveagh 

Dunslevy Boy M'Kenna, of Ballcntenney. 

No. 40. Charles I. taken at Bniskillen, 9 Sept., 1639, 
about Jn. Sedborough, by the following Jury — 

Phelim O'Cassidy, of Muntiagh Alex. Wiggins, of Larvey 
Thos. Presley, of Lisneshilly Jerome Emery, of Cash, yeoman 
Thos. Tibballs, of Knappagh, yeoman ; Chas. Heynolds, of 
Mullaghnegowan, yeoman ; Wm. Amer, of Downsee, yeoman ; 
Jn. Patterson, of Drumreah, William Wilson, of Clabby, and 
Jn. Mynes, of MuUaghsillagh, yeomen ; Jas. M'Manus, of 
Lismalower, gt. ; Manus M'Manus, of Aghalane, gt. ; Anthony 
Barton, of Bogheallan, gt. ; Wm. Ayer, of Carrickreagh, gt. ; 
Archibald Armstrong, of Dromsken, gt. ; George Dickeson, of 
Lettergren ; Jas. Johnson, of Drumadowen, gt. : George 
Bradshaw, of Castleroe ; George Ward, (?) of Castlenew. 

No. 1. Charles II. Taken 1st Feb. 13th, Chas. II. 
(1661), at Bniskillen, about Bryan Maguire, by following 

Jn. Dane, Wm. Duncan, Wm. Wilkin, Jn. Emerson, Jn. 
Campbell, Jas. Buchanan, Jn. Russell, Edw. Dixon, Edw. 
Copeland, Pat M'Eleeve, Robt. Clarke, and Hugh Donelson, 
all gents, of Eniskillen. 
Seals in very bad order. 

Nos. 2, 3, 4, and 5. Charles II. all taken 9 April, 
1662, at Enniskillen. 

No. 2, about Allen Cooke, Jury — 

Edw. Bampton, senior, Jn. Johnston, Adam Kearnes, George 
Burne, Jn. Wales, Edw. Bampton, junior, Rowland Betty, 
Will Bennett, Henry Notley, Jas. King, Will Barton, Robt. 
Johnston, Jas. Arnot, Jn. Wardell, and Jn. Johnston, junior, 
all gents. 




No. 3, about Ralph Gore, by Jury— 
Edw. Bampton, senior, Jn. Johnston, senior, Robt. Johnston, 
Jas. Arnet, George Burne, Jn. King, Jn. Wardell, Rowland 
Betty, Henry Notley, Edward Bampton, junior, Jn. Johnston, 
junior. Will Barton, Jn Miles, Adam Kearnes, and Will Boid. 

No. 4, Jn. Higate, and No. 5, Martin Baxter. 
Names of Jury almost illegible but almost the same as 
Nos. 2 and 3. 

No. 6. Charles II. taken 2 Sep., 1662, at Lowtherstown, 
about Gerard lyowther, contains copy of his will dated 14 
Nov., 1659, Jury— 

Edw Bampton, senior, of Drum- 

Thos, Humphrey, of Drumard 
Wm. Graham, of Drumcrin 
Walter Erwing, of Ballynent 
David Graham, of Derrynany 
Wm. Wilson, of Liscreevin 

Thos. Bell, of Drumshean 
Jn. Armstrong, of Cullenfield 
Thos. Chittocke, of Cash 
Wm. Johston, of Temple- 

Wm. Miles, of Lissnarrogg 
Edward Humphrey, of Rosquar 

Leonard Amery, of Drumnerenagh Miles Hollywood, of Durass 
and Gawen Blackley, of Manakee all gents. 

No. 29. Charles II. taken 16 March, 1630/1, at 
Iniskillen, about Symon Presley, by Jury — 

Christopher Irwin, of Lowthers- Wm. Hall, of Lisbofin 

Thos. Edwick, of Clankillew 
Jn. Young, of Coytlton 
Edward Skaniell, of Dromoule 
Pat M'Hugh, of Cossarly 
Donald Deane Maguire, of 


Wm. Atkinson, of Inishkillen 
Jn. Doen, of Coirknishe 
Cormock M'Colloe, of Kil- 

Cormic M'Awly, of Derry- 

Phelim O'Cassidy, of Moutar 

Thomas Oge Maguire, of TuUaghone 

No. 1. Charles 1. taken 22 Sep. 2nd, Chas. I. (1626), 
at Eniskillen, about Connor Roe Maguire, kt.. Jury — 

Alex. Creaghton, of Aghaward 
Edward Skamill, of Drumaw 
Jn. Skarlett, of Killhola 
Thos. Mayne, of Castlecoole 
Wm. Parkins, of Trowry 
Pat Fitsimons, of Killsallogh 

Thos. King, of Eniskillen, gt. 
Richd. Guttrich, of Lisgoule 
Gerald Wiggins, of Eniskillen 
Patrick oge M'Coadd, of 

Thos. Man tan, of Castlecoole 

Nicholas Osenbrook, of Mullagh- Richd. Jackson, of Ruskearne 

Wm. Atkinson, Enniskillen 

Edw. Rogers, of Latrim 
all gents. 




Charles I. came to the throne in 1625, but he 
brought no peace to Ireland. He was always in 
straits for money, and Roman Catholics and Protest- 
ants were tortured alike to provide it by the I^ord 
Deputy, lyord Wentworth, who afterwards became Earl 
of Strafford. The former had had little relaxation of 
religious persecution, and the latter had titles con- 
fiscated, — to extract money for the King. Strafford was 
recalled in 1640, to proceed against the Covenanters 
in Scotland, but was impeached by the House of 
Commons * for his cruelties and executions in Ireland, 
and in 1641 suffered death on Tower Hill. He 
contributed largely to the irritation which produced 
the Irish Rebellion. The persecution of the Roman 
Catholic religion, the exclusion of Catholics from civil 
and military employment, and the wholesale exactions 
and extortions and confiscations from the landowners 
and chiefs, combined to create the disaffection which 
resulted in conspiracy! ^^^ massacre: the deprivation 

• sir William Cole was one of the Committee of the Insh Parliament, 
which went to I^ondon as bearers of the Irish Remonstrance against the 
administration ol Lord Strafford. 

t Harris's History of Dublin states that a plot was discovered on the 
20th of September, 1625, in which the Maguire family waa concerned to 
surprise the King's Castle at l^nniskillen. 

1644] KNNISKII.I,EN AND 1 64 1. 227 

of their land led some of the sufferers becoming 
what men termed " Tories " or robbers, who often 
preyed on their former tenantry or people, on account 
of old connexion, or robbed and murdered the hated 
English, as the authors of all their woes. With all 
the miseries of those times, and their causes, this work 
has nothing to do ; and some local consequences of 
the Rebellion of 1641* have been dealt with in 
Chapter XI. 

In addition to what is stated in that chapter I 
summarize other particulars as follows. On Mondaj'-, 
nth November, 1644, Connor I^ord Macguire was 
arraigned at the bar of the King's Bench, London, for 
treason. He pleaded not guilty. He and Hugh Oge 
M'AIahon were said to have been the principal instigators. 
They had been committed as prisoners to the Castle on 
23rd November, 1641 ; from thence sent to England 
on the 1 2th June following, and continued prisoners 
till the 1 8th August, 1644, when they made their 
escape, but were re-taken on 20th October following. 

Maguire pleaded that by Magna Charta loth 
February, 9th Henry III., that none should be con- 
demned but by trial of his peers, and that by the 
loth of Henry VII. all statutes made in England 
should apply to Ireland, that his father had been 
created Baron of Enniskillen, that he as successor 
had sat in the Irish Parliament, and that he had 
been brought against his will to Westminster, and 
he prayed that he might be judged by his peers in 

Judge Bacon decided that a Baron of Ireland was 

* Bishop Spottiswoode and his son Sir Henry received an intimation of the 
rising- of 1641 and fled to England. In his absence his house was besiegfed 
and his servants were slain without any mercy. In 1626 there were 40 of 50 
English premises on the lands of Portora. 


triable by a jury in England, and the House of 
Commons by a vote on the 8th February, 1645, 
approved of his judgment ; and the judge was required 
to proceed with the trial according to law and justice. 
The House of Peers endorsed the vote of the 

As his plea of peerage was declared to be invalid, 
he was arraigned as Connor Macguire, alias Cornelius 
Macguire, Esq., that at Charlemount and other places 
on 22nd October, with banners, drums, staves, guns, &c., 
he had levied war, and seized the King's fort at 
Charlemount and murdered Toby Lord Calfield, Francis 
Davies, and others of the King's subjects that were 

Macguire challenged 35 jurors peremptorily, and 
the oath was precisely the same as if it were 
administered to-day — 

You shall well and truly try, and true deliverance make, 
between our sovereign lord the King and Connor Macguire, 
Esq., now prisoner at the bar, and a true verdict give 
according to the evidence, so help you God. 

The witnesses were — Lord Blaney, Lord Calfield, 
Sir William Loftus, Sir John Temple, Sir William 
Stewart, Sir Francis Hamilton, Sir Ed. Borlecey, Sir 
William Cole, Sir Charles Coote, and five or six 

Amongst other things Lord Macguire's own 
"examination" was read, dated 26th of March, 1642, 
and in it he declared 

that Roger [Rory] Moore had acquainted them that if the 
Irish would rise they might might make their own condition 
for the regaining of their own lands and freedom of their 
religion ; that a number in Leinster and Connaught would 
rise for the purpose, and asked him [Macguire] to join them 

1645] KNNISKII.I.EN AND 1 64 1. 229 

"and thereupon moved this examinate [Macguire] to join 
likewise with them, with all he could make, unto which he 
this examinate yielded." He then referred to the general 
rebellion in preparation, acknowledge th that the Castle of 
Dublin was to have been surprised by himself, Capt. Bryan 
O'Neale, Con. O'Neale, Capt. MacMahone, one Owen Rely» 
Roger Moore, Hugh MacMahone, col. Plunket, and capt. Fox; 
and likewise further acknowledgeth, That Hugh MThelim, 
captain Con. O'Neale, and Bryan O'Neale, brought from Owen 
O'Neale, out of Flanders, the very same message which the 
said priest [one Toole O'Coole] had brought. And this 
examinate further saith, that he was told by Roger Moore 
that a great man was in the plot, but he might not name 
him for the present. 

And at another time, and during the sitting of the 
Parliament the last summer, he, this examinate, was informed 
by one John Barnewell, a Franciscan friar then resident in 
the city, That those of the Pale— [the English Catholic settlers] 
— were also privy unto the plot. And lastly saith — That of 
those persons who came to attend him, this examinate, for the 
surprise of the said Castle of Dublin, only Cohonagh Macguare 
was privy unto the business in hand : and that the last meeting 
when the day appointed for execution thereof was resolved on, 
was at Logh Rosse, when were present only Ever MacMahone, 
vicar general of the diocese of Clogher, Thos. M'Kearnan, a 
friar of Dundalk, sir Phelim O'Neale, Roger Moore and Bryaa 

This " free and voluntary confession " was read in 
court, and other examinations of the prisoner, in one 
of which he said he was but a mean instrument in 
the design of Ireland; he confessed he intended to 
seize upon the Castle of Dublin and the magazine 
there, and keep it till they had redress of some 
grievances which they proposed to propound to the 
parliament there ; one whereof was, to have a tolera- 
tion of the Roman Catholic religion. He admitted 
that he went to Dublin for the purpose of putting 
the design into execution. 

Of the other witnesses, the evidence of one only 
may be quoted here : — 


John Carmicke's* testimony — "That upon 21st October, 
1641, Fergus O'Howen, one of the followers of Brian Macguire 
Esq., came to his chamber in the castle of Bniskillin, and 
after he indeavoured to bind him to keep secret a matter of 
^reat concernment, which Fergus said he had to disclose, and 
particularly to conceale it from Sir William Cole, and all other 
Englishmen. He discovered unto him that all the castles, 
forts, sea-ports and holds that were in the possession of the 
Protestants in the several counties and provinces in the 
Kingdom of Ireland were to be surprised and taken by the 
Irish Papists ; and the Protestants in every of those castles, 
forts, sea-ports and holds, to be then also put all to the sword 
by the Irish Papists in Ireland in their owne several parts and 
limits by men thereunto chiefly and particularly appointed by 
the contrivers thereof, and that especially the town and castle 
of Eniskillin, with the rest, would be taken, and all the Pro- 
testants in it put to the sword." 

He then informed Sir William Cole, who was also informed 
to the same effect by Flartagh Mac Hugh, a gentleman and 
freeholder of Fermanagh, who was sent by Brian Mac Conagh 
Macgwir, Esq., to so inform Sir Wm. Cole, and desired to 
be put on his guard ; and that Lord Macgwir had appointed 
his brother, Rori Macgwir (in his absence) to command the 
Irish Papists of the County of Fermanagh, for the surprising 
of the castles and houses of the Protestants. 

It was also declared upon oaths by Flartagh Mac Hugh, 
John Oge Mac Hugh, and Terlagh Oge M'Hugh, before the 
said Sir William Cole, that 150 men were appointed to surprise 
the Castle of Enniskillen ; for which service they were not 
only to have the spoil and riches of the said castle and town, 
but to have also the Barony of Clanauley granted and confirmed 
in fee to them and their heirs from the said Lord Maguire, 
and his heirs. He also produced (John Carmick) a letter 
written in Irish from the Lord Maguire to his cousin Brian 
Maguire, taking notice that he was abundantly inclined to 
the English, which did very much trouble him, and therefore 
desired to banish such thoughts out of his mind. 

Here we have the authority of the Maguire as 

* John Cormock or Carmick is suspected by Lord Belmore to have been a 
member of the Castle household, or to have been a resident of Drumboy, parish of 
Boho. He became one of the Commissioners in 1653 to take evidence of the 
massacre, and retired with the rank of captain to his place at Boho, where he 
had ten tenants. We find his name changed, lest he should be suspected of 
Irish orig-in, to MacCarmick, ot the townland Aghaherry [AghaherrishJ, and he 
is believed to be have been the father of Captain William MacCarmick, of 
local Revolution fame in 1688. 

1645] KNNISKII^LEN AND 1 64 1. 231 

Governor of Fermanagh under the King transmitted 
to his brother Rory. As to Captain Ror5% one 
example may be given here of the manner in which 
he dealt with the Protestants. 

Presently after, upon the 25th of October, one Captain 
Rori Maguire took upon him the management of all 
business in his absence ; he fortifies first the Castle Hasen» 
the house wherein he dwelt himself, he took the castle of 
one Edward Aldrith, Esq., he put out all the English there 
he went to the town, burnt that, but killed none of the 
men, went thence to another place, and hanged one Eleazar 
M. [Middleton] one that was clerk of the peace of the county : 
and from thence he went to Newtown, four miles off from it, 
took in the town, stripped and disarmed all the Protestants 
that were in the church, the next day after marched away ; 
and killed and destroyed most of the English in those parts, 
and murdered Arthur Champion, Esq., aud many more. Two 
and twenty castles were seized upon, and the church of Moneah, 
with 18 Protestants burnt in it. 771 Protestants were destroyed 
in that county, and I did hear that there was about 152,000 
that they had destroyed in the province of Ulster, in the 
first five months of the rebellion. 

The evidence was all very strong, and the report 
of the State Trials Charles I., 1645, tells us — 

The Judge, in giving sentence said — The judgment that 
I am by the law to pronounce against you is this: Connor 
Maguire, Esq., you being proved guilty of the treasons 
whereof you are indicted, your judgment is : — That you shall 
be carried from hence to the place from whence you came, 
that is the Tower, and from thence to Tyburn, the place of 
execution, and there you shall be hanged by the neck, and 
cut down alive, your bowels taken out, and burnt before 
your face, your head to be cut off, your body to be divided 
into four quarters, and the head of your body to be set up 
and disposed of as the State shall appoint. And the Lord 
have mercy upon your soul. 

As for Rory Maguire * (brother of lyord Maguire)^ 

• Captain Rory M'Guiie joined the forces of Owen Roe O'Neill, and when 


and one of the chief butchers of the rising, who 
called himself Governor of Fermanagh, he escaped the 
punishment of his many crimes till, pursuing his 
unrepentant course, he issued the following proclamation 
on the 25th November, 1643 : — 

Forasmuch as the daily resort and concourse of CaThoi,ICS 
since the cessation, into English garrisons, might bring a great 
deal of inconveniency into our proceedings, I do hereby, by 
virtue of the Lord General's authority, given me in that 
behalf, and especially to avoid the imminent peril that here- 
after might arise thereof, straitly charge and command all 
manner of persons, of what rank, quality, or condition whatso- 
ever they be, of THE Irish nation, in this country, not To 
VISIT, CONFER, TAI,K, OR PARI^EY to or with any persons or 
persons, of, in or belonging to the garrison of Enniskillen, 


and likewise that none of the inhabitants of this country, on 
the west side of Loughern, live, dwell, or inhabit any nearer 
to Enniskillen, than the river of Arny, until further directions 
be given to the contrary, upon pain of the aforesaid forfeiture 
and penalty. 

(Signed.) RORY MAGUIRE. 

{Bor, App. xix.) 

Thus were the Roman Catholics, by the order of 
their own leader, confined to the west side of the 
river Arney, which till this day is almost a boundary 
mark in its course from Lough Macnean to lyough 
Erne, between the Protestant and Catholic districts of 
the barony of Glenawley, — not so noticeable in the 
Florencecourt side as farther down the river. For the 
Roman Catholics occupied nearly the whole of the 

In the barony of Glenawley we find that allot- 

besitgin^ Carrickdrumrush (Carrick-on-Shannon) he and most of his re^ment 
■were slain, in revenge for which Owen Roe put the whole garrison, being all 
Papists, as the narrative hath it, to the sword. 

1643] KNNISKII,I^N AND 164I. 233 

nients were made to only three Planters — and they were 
servitors [had rendered military service] — Sir John 
Davis, Mrs. Harrison for Captain Harrison, and 
Pierce Mostion [Mostyn] . This barony was estimated 
at 75,469 acres, of which a great deal is mountain, 
and of that acreage only 5,000 was granted to the 
undertakers or planters. Sir John Davys or Davies, 
Attorney General, took care of himself when he took 
a slice of land near Lisgoole extending to lyisbofin, 
Rehollan, and Drumconlan, — altogether 1,500 acres, 
constituting the Manor of Moyeghvane [Moybane], 
with fair and market at Lisgoole. The grant of 500 
acres to Mr. Samuel Harrison was for the Manor of 
Harrison, of which all trace has been locally lost, 
but the inclusion of the townland of ** Mullyar " 
points to the modern Mullyard, beyond Belcoo ; in 
which district, that of Munterfodoghane, the small 
grant of 246 acres was made to Peter Mostin [spelt 
differently in different places], to which I get a clue by 
mention of such a townland as Latoone. Several of 
those townlands bear modern names, different from 
those in the grants. 

With those three exceptions the rest of the barony 
of Glenawley was set to Irish natives, and the lots 
were generally of 100, 150, or 200 acres. Thus we 
read of the grants to Cormock O'Cassida, gent., five- 
sixths of the half quarter of Montagh, to Donnell dean 
MsLgwire and James M'Donough Magwire, gents., 
Bohevny, Drumlaghy, Rahalton, &c,, 300 acres ; and 
grants to Rorie McAdegany Magwire, Owen 
M'Coconaght Magwire and Donell Oge Muldoon, and 
so on. Some of the names of townlands, with old 
spelling I cannot trace, as Carrickmegliferty or as 
Carrickmeglearty, but I presume the last named must 


be near to I^isblake when I find that word spelt 
Irisbloyhick in the same grant. I am quite at home, 
however, when I find a grant to Shane McHugh, 
gent., of half of the quarter of Crotton, and other 
lands in Coolearkan, GortguUinan, Mullylosty, &c. 

The names of Maguires are in shoals in this 
barony. A Patrick McDonnell, gent., got Crowdrin 
[Croaghrim] and Moher, Tulladear and Aghterorke 
[Aghatirouurk] ; while Shane M'Bnabb [or M'Cabe] 
got Dromm-Envernie, part of Aghorerishe [Aghaherrish], 
&c. We also get such names as Corcoran, M'Brien, 
M'Tirlagh, M'Mulrony, Donnell Groome M'Art, 
O'Flanagan, O'Hossy, O'Scanlan, M'Klynan, and dozens 
of Maguires — about 40 grants in all of the barony of 
Glenawley or Clinawley, the grants being for ever, 
and the dates 1610 and 161 1. These men were ordered 
by Rory Maguire to remove westward of the Arney. 

The rising left bitterest memories in Bnniskillen, 
though the town escaped, and in the troublous and 
disturbed condition of the times there were raids and 
counter raids, assaults, and robberies. Sir William 
Cole considered it necessary for the protection of the 
town and neighbourhood to raise a regiment and 
obtained authority^' to do so in 1643, and it was not 
long in commission till it was making reprisals on 
the Irish, so that the Irish leaders complained to the 
I,ord Lieutenant concerning Knniskillen robberies, as 
is shown by the following extract from a letter from 
Owen M'Neill to Ormonde : — 

Besides what I have written to your Excellencie last, Sir 
William Cole and the Scots of Iniskillin [presumably some of 

* Mr. Robert King-, whose name appears in the Enniskillen Muster Roll, 
is believed to have been the merchant of Knniskllleu who supplied clothing 
materials to Sir \Vm. Cole's regiment, as he obtained a licence to transport 
broadcloth, buttons, swordbelts, hats, &c , to Iniskellin at that period. 

1642] ENNISKILI^EN AND 1641. 235 

Sir George Monroe's troops] have within 20 or 30 daies after 
notice had of the cessation, taken the castle of Crevenish in 
the Countie of ffermanagh, and all the wealth that was- 
therein, together with a prey of 120 cowes, &c. 

Briefly put, the country was continually at war, 
at war with itself and against England, and with so 
many different parties engaged that one gets be- 
wildered in reading the dreadful accounts of those 
frightful times, when Ireland was soaked in blood. 
There were, after the rising, no fewer than four 
different armies in the country — (i) The Irish- 
Irelanders under Rorj' O' Moore who wanted total 
separation from England; (2) the Anglo-Catholics of 
the Pale and elsewhere who did not desire separation, 
but demanded freedom for the exercise of their 
religion and for themselves, (3) the Puritan Army of 
the Commonwealth, which included the Scots, under 
Monro, a severe General ; and (4) the Protestant 
Party of the Pale, who held Dublin and stood by 
the King. 

, The two sections of the Roman Catholics were 
brought together by the clergy on October 24, 1642, 
and formed what has been called the Confederatioa 
of Kilkenny, consisting of 11 bishops, 14 lords, and 
226 commoners. 




The Confederation of Kilkenny aimed to restore • 

the Catholic religion, to get returned the six escheated j 

counties of Ulster to the natives, and to set aside j 

the penal laws of Henry and Elizabeth. The i 

Confederation raised an army, established an administra- i 

tion under O'Neill for Ulster and under Preston for Lein- | 

ster, and won and governed parts of Ireland. They i 

were termed rebels, but they denied the charge, as they ^ 

claimed to have acted in support of the King, and Charles ^ 

himself was rather willing to come to terms with ' 
them. In some places the Protestants and English 
soldiers were reduced to such a plight that they had 

to eat horse flesh, being in want of ** bread for their ] 
bellies, clothes for their backs, and shoes for their 

feete." Carte, speaking of the Scotch forces, under j 
General Monroe, says : — 

They were much better provided in the respect of pay } 
and Provisions than the British forces raised by Sir Ralph | 
Gore, Sir Wm. Cole, Sir W. and Sir Robert Stewart in the \ 
county of Donnegal, the Lords Chichester, Ardes, Clandeboye, 
Sir James Montgomery, Sir Arthur Tyringham, Colonel , 


Chichester, Colonel Hill, and others in those northern parts, 
in virtue of His Majesty's commissions, who, though they had 
borne the brunt of the war, in the height of the rebels' fury 
and power, had endured all the hardships of a winter campaign, 
and had done eminent services, had not yet been put on the 
establishment, nor received any pay, nor been supplied by the 
Parliament with any provisions, ammunition, or clothes, though 
their extreme wants in all these respects had been frequently 
represented to the two Houses — [meaning English Parliament] 
— and relief solicited by agents sent expressly for the purpose. 

The Knglish Parliament had confiscated 2,500,000 
acres of land, which they had allotted at the rate of 
1000 acres in Ulster from ;^20o, 
1000 „ in Connaught „ 390, 
1000 „ in Munster „ 450, 
1000 „ in Leinster ,. 600, 
showing how poor was the soil in the Northern 
province that it was valued at much less than the 
rest. These confiscations roused intense resentment, 
and General Preston was commissioned by the 
Confederation in 1642 to oppose the Parliamentary 
Party and policy, which was condemned as having 
involved "unparalleled cruelties, massacres, breaches 
of public faith and quarter, burnings and destruction 
carried out by commands of the malignant party in 
Kngland, and exercised on every party in Ireland," 
&c. The armed revolt was led by Owen Roe 
O'Neill, and with him we obtain the local connexion, 
for one of his lieutenants was a friend of his own, 
Heber M'Mahon, Catholic Bishop of Clogher. The 
Norman Catholics or Anglo-Irish joined in this in- 
surrection with the native chiefs, and thus a Catholic 
party was formed as against the English Puritan 
Parliament party and policy, which were held by the 
Catholic party to intend the extirpation of their church 
out of Ireland. 


Help was sent to the Confederates in 1645 by 
the Pope not only in mone}^ and arms but also in 
accrediting to them a Nuncio in the person of 
Archbishop Rinucinni of Palermo, to accomplish three 
purposes — To unite the Ireland- Irish and the Anglo - 
Irish and advance the Catholic religion, and to help 
Charles I. as against the Puritan Parliament.* Mon- 
signeur Massari, who accompanied the Nuncio, pre- 
sented a sketch of the Kingdom at this time, and it 
is well to learn the Roman Catholic point of view 
of the Great Rebellion and Confederation, and what 
were regarded as *' miracles." In his report he said — 

In tlie year of Our Lord 1641, finding themselves con- 
strained to make a stand against the iniquitous designs oV the 
English and Scotch heretics who had determined not only to 
destroy the monarchy but also to wipe out the Catholic 
religion in that kingdom, the Catholics of Ireland, with noble 
resolve, took up arms to defend themselves against the danger 
hanging over them to deliver themselves once for all from 
the hard yoke that bound them down under the tyrannical 
rule of heretics, and above all to establish the free use and 
exercise of the Roman Catholic Religion. The province of 
Ulster was the first to take this step, a province always most 
tenacious of the true faith and ever ready to defend it against 
the schismatical sovereigns of England — Henry, Edward, 
Elizabeth, and James, who had sought to destroy it if they 
could, not only in their own kingdom, but outside as well. 

Accordingly, many of that province and some from the 
other three provinces of Connacht, Leinster and Munster, 
entered into a union, and at a time fixed on between them 
(which was precisely October the 21st, 1641,) made a concerted 
attack on some of the enemy cities and fortresses, under the 
guidance and leadership of Connor Maguire, Plielim O'Neill, 
Rory O'Moore and other confederates. Fortune smiled on 
them, and with the God of armies at their head they succeeded 

• Cardinal I'inucitini's addres.s, c'elivered in Latin to the Confederation, 
declared the object of the Pope's mission throuerh him to be " to sustain the 
King, then so peculiarly circumstanced, but above all to rescue from pains 
and penalties the people of Ireland, and to assist them in securing the free 
and public exercise of the Catholic religion, and the restoration of the churches 
and church property, of which fraud and violence had so long deprived their 
rightful inheritors." 


in chasing the enemies of the true faith from many positions 
of great importance. Though left without proper arms owing 
to the severe edicts enforced by the heretical government 
against those of the kingdom who possessed or kept fire-arms, 
ammunition and the like, and though the leaders of the 
movement had no experience in the art of warfare, yet divine 
Providence enabled them to gain several victories, until with 
the arms taken from their adversaries in two or three encounters 
they were able to organise well armed bands, few indeed in 
point of numbers but manned with soldiers of great courage 
and determination, who hitherto had had to fight with pikes, 
staves and axes, against enemies armed to the teeth with 
shield, cannon and musket. All the victories won by the 
Catholics were wonderful, but their first victories were regarded 
as downright miracles! 

Bishop M'Mahon was not satisfied with being the 
spiritual leader of his people ; he became a militant 
leader also, and offered his help in the field to his 
friend Owen Roe O'Neill. 6,000 stands of arms had 
been procured at Antwerp. The Pope had sent over 
2,000 muskets, 4,000 swords, 4,000 pistols, 2,000 pikes, 
20,000 lbs. of powder, and 36,000 dollars in gold, 
with the Papal envoy, Rinucinni ; and thus the Con- 
federation were prepared to fight with the Puritan 
Generals, Monroe, Sir Charles Coote, and Lord 
Inchiquin. It was Catholic against Protestant ; and 
the first honours lay with the Catholics. Owen Roe 
defeated Monroe at Benburb on 15th June 1646, a 
victory which has been quoted down the years as a 
spur to renewed militant measures. 

The unity of Catholic Ireland did not long re- 
main. The hereditary fissiparous tendency broke out. 
The Papal Envoy was made President of a new 
Council ; it was arranged to seize the Castle of 
Dublin, but quarrels ensued. O'Neill's army was to 
be disbanded. Negotiations were opened up. O'Neill 
demanded the restoration of the confiscated lands in 


Ulster to their original owners and a port in Ulster. 
Sir Charles Coote (on behalf of the Parliament of 
England) refused the terms. Bishop M'Mahon 
brought about some sort of arrangement whereby 
O'Neill should submit to the King, but O'Neill died 
on the 6th November, 1649, at Cloughoughter, * Co. 
Cavan. He was an able general and in a time of 
general cruelty a humane ofiQcer. Really a Royalist, 
and therefore a supporter of I^ord Deputy Ormonde, 
he was afraid of the excommunications of Rinucinni, 
the Cardinal (who was finally driven from Ireland) 
and the Bishops, and though he had served the 
Confederation faithfully yet he came to terms with 
Ormonde some days before his death. Some nobility of 
character is shown by O'Neill's last letter to Ormonde, 
written only a few days before he passed away at 
Cloughoughter, Co. Cavan : — *' Being now in my death- 
bed, I call my Saviour to witness that, as I hope 
for salvation, my resolution, ways, and intentions 
from first to last of these unhappy wars tended to 
no particular ambition or private interest of my own, 
notwithstanding what was or may be thought to the 
contrary, but truly and sincerely to the preservation 
of my religion, the advancement of His Majesty's 
service, and just liberties of this nation, whereof and 
of my particular reality and willingness to serve 
your Excellency (above any other in this Kingdom). 

•The Castle of Cloughoughter (Cloch-Locha-Uachtair) the rock of the 
Upper lyake^ was one of the strongholds of the clan Reilly (O'Raghallaigh), 
and was situated on an island about two furlongs from the shore. 
Originally belonging to the Red Earl of Ulster it was captured by the 
Reillys, and made a strongfiold in Breffny. It was here Bishop Bedell 
of Kilmore, who first translated the New Testament into Irish, was im- 
prisoned by the rebels in 1641 Irom the i8th December till the January of 
1642. He died shortly afterwards on the 7th February in a farm-house at 
Drumcorr on this lake, belonging to the Rev. Denis Sheridan, a convert 
from Roman Catholicism, whom the Bishop had promoted to the cure of 
Killesher. Two sons of this Rev. Mr. Sheridan became bishops of the 
:established Church. 


I hope that God will permit me to give ample and 
sufficient testimony in the view of the world ere it 
be long." 

Bishop M'Mahon w^as elected as General * of the- 
Confederate forces in place of O'Neill, over the head 
even of Sir Phelim O'Neill, in the month of March 1650^ 
and on April i the lyOrd Lieutenant of King Charles I. 
sent a General's commission to him. It was in this month. 
that General Monroe surrendered Knniskillen to Coote 
" for £5,000 and other trivial things," and thus was- 
the Castle of Enniskillen transferred from the King 
to the Parliament. 

Mr. Bagenal in helarid under the Stuarts says- 
(vol. 2, page 227) that by the fourth article of his 
agreement with Owen Roe O'Neill, Ormonde [the- 
King's Lord Lieutenant"! was bound to give the 
command in Ulster to the person nominated by the 
nobility and gentry in that province, who assembled 
for that purpose in March, under the presidency of" 
Eugene Swiney, who had been Bishop of Kilmore 
since 1628. [Lord] Antrim, who had always been in 
communication with Cromwell, and was soon to be 

* According to agreement the gentry and nobility of Ulster met at 
Belturbet on March i8, 1650, to choose a successor to Owen O'Neill. The- 
rival candidates were many; some of the principal oflScers of the army were 
naturally mentioned, and Antrim, in spite of his recent tergiversations, was- 
suggested as being likely to reconcile the Scottish Royalist Presbyterians 
undei Munro with the Catholic Celts who abounded around them. In the 
midst of distracted counsels the clergy steadily pushed their way, and in the 
end, on the pretext of avoiding a ruinous competition, they obtained the 
election of one of themselves, Emer Macmahon, Bishop of Clogher. The 
bishop was a man of energy and capacity, but he was singularly unfitted 
by his profession for exercising military command, and it was hardly likely 
that the old warriors, the Ferralls and O'Neills who had supported Owen's 
authority without a thought of rivalry, would willingly submit on the field 
of battle to even the most majestic priest. 

" Nothing could have served Cromwell's interest better than this election. 
In it the Celtic element in the Irish resistance asserted itself without con- 
tradiction. In Ulster the children, or grandchildren of the men who had 
been expelled by the great Plantation threw themselves on the lands still 
remaining in the possession of the settlers, and appropriated them without 
scruple. Munro, who had charge of the garrison of Inuiskillen and had 
long been discontented with the turn of events, now admitted a parliamentary - 
force into the castle."— Gardiner's History 0/ the Commonwealth, vol. i, p. lyo*. 


in alliance with Ireton, was a candidate, and had 
many supporters among the officers. It was thought 
that Sir George Monroe and his Scots might follow 
him, though they would dislike an Irish, and 
especially a clerical, general. Hugh O'Neill, who 
would have been by far the fittest man, was absent 
in Munster ; and Daniel O'Neill was practically 
disqualified by being a Protestant. The other 
candidates were Sir Phelim O'Neill, who had never 
shone as a soldier ; Owen Roe's son, Henry ; General 
Ferrall, and Bishop MacMahon of Clogher. The 
Bishop professed no great anxiety for the post, but 
there seems little doubt that he left no stone 
unturned. These intrigues were successful, and 
Ormonde signed his cousin's ruin on April i. He 
now says ** the British Officer " [who wrote an official 
report] a great politician, but no more a soldier fit 
to be a general than one of Rome's Cardinals. 

A letter of the period mentions one of the Bishop's 
successes : — 

The rebels, being about 4,000 foot, and 600 horse, under 
the command of [Emer MacMahon] the Irish Bishop of 
Clogher, fell down into our quarters about the end of last 
month [June], and immediately took by storm, on the frontiers 
of this county, a place called Dongeven [Dungiven], where 
was only placed 20 warders, with Lieutenant-Colonel Mark 
Bedisford * [Beresford] , whose estate lay there ; all they found 
in arms they put to the sword, except the lyt. -Colonel himself, 
whom they wounded and sent prisoner to Charlemont. . , . 

M'Mahon displayed some skill in generalship. 
He overcame his opponents in several directions, but 
was finally met between Dungiven and I^etterkenny 

• The Bishop wrote to Colonel Beresford—" If you shed one drop of my 
soldiers' blood I will not spare to put man, woman, and child to the 
sword ; " and he did put all to the sword except Bertsford himself. 


by Sir Charles Coote, the Cromwellian General, and 
defeated. M'Mahon, with Sir Phelim O'Neill and 
lyieut. -General Ferrall, fled southward towards his own 
county of Monaghan, but did not get so far. He 
passed Omagh and had reached Kilskeery, where he 
was met by Major King, the governor of Enniskillen, 
who had three troops of horse and 300 foot. The 
Bishop-General was wounded in the encounter and 
taken prisoner, having been promised quarter* He 
then received every consideration both there and at 
Enniskillen at the hands of his captors,! and a month 
or so afterwards was hanged by order of Sir Charles 
Coote, the place of execution being the Sconce on 
the Great Meadow at Enniskillen; and his body was 
buried at Devenish. Sir Phelim was taken prisoner, 

• This binding obligation was grossly violated, and that the promise was 
given is proved by the following- letter quoted at page 165 of the English 
Official Chronicle of the Irish Wars, under the date of 23rd June :— 

•'The Bishop of Clogher encountered not far from Londonderry with Sir 
Charles Coote, who commanded the English rebels in those quarters, and was 
then inferior in foot to the Bishop, though otherwise he had a great advantage 
of him, by having near treble the number of horse, notwithstanding which 
inequality, the Irish behav'd themselves with courage, but in the end were 
totally defeated, so that the Bishop was compelled, after he saw the day totally 
lost, to quit the field with a small party of horse that attended him, and the 
next day in hi» flight he had the misfortune, near Enniskilling^, to meet with the 
Governor of that town, in the head of a party too strong for him, against which, 
however, the Bishop defended himself with notable courage, but after he had 
received many wounds, he was forced to become prisoner upon promise first 
that he should have fair quarter,— contrary to which Sir Charles Coote, as soon 
as he knew he was a prisoner, caused him to be hang'd, with all the circum- 
stances of contumely, reproach, and cruelty he could devise." 

t Father Meehan writes : " The close of MacMahon's career was such as 
might have been expected from one whose life had been divided between 
the Church and the camp; and much as the Cromwellian troopers admired 
his undaunted resolution, they never were so deeply impressed by it as on 
that July evening when they escorted him to the ancient Castle of Ennis- 
killen— the place appointed for his execution. Marching some paces in 
advance of the musketeers, his bearing was calm, dignified, and martial ; so 
much so, that a casual wayfarer might have taken him for the oflScer in 
command, were it not for the presence of an ecclesiastic with whom he con- 
versed in tones inaudible to everyone else, and a small gold crncifix that he 
kept constantly moving between his lips and eyes. On reaching the scaffold, 
he knelt and prayed for a while, and then turning to the troops who kept 
the ground, he told them that he thanked God for having given him that 
opportunity of laying down his life in the cause of religion, king, and 
country." '* He met his fate with the fortitude of a martyr and the calm. 
dignity of a saint." His soul had scarcely gone to his account when the 
executioner, in compliance with the barbarous custom of the period, flung- 
the corpse to the ground, hacked off the head, and spiked it on a tower of the 
Castle, where it remained till birds of prey, rain, storm, and time destroyed 
every vestige of the ghastly trophy. 


and he finally accepted what was known as the peace of 

A British Officer who wrote the official account 
{Confed. and Warr, iii, 166) says — " Now the readers 
may observe the sequel of making a Bishop a General 
that was nothing experienced in that lesson, nor 
becoming his coat to send men to spill Christian blood : 
and how that for want of conduct and pendency in 
martial affairs he lost himself and that army that never 
got a foil before he led them." 

The Rev. J. B. M'Kenna, M.R.I.A., Adm., 
Dromore, writing on this subject, says — 

Heber M'Mahon was treated with kind consideration by 
Major King, who admired his Christian fortitude under his 
adversity. He procured him medical aid, and did everything 
to alleviate the sufferings from his wounds, which must have 
been severe, since we find King urging the impossibility of 
his ever again being able to take part in the affairs of his 
country as an additional reason why Coote should respect 
tht promise 0/ quarter under which he gave up his sword, and 
spare his life. 

By various devices the humane Governor delayed the 
execution of Coote's "tigrish and inhuman order that the 
Bishop should be forthwith hanged," and when resistance to 
it became no longer possible, he procured for his prisoner 
the services of a priest, who had free access to his prison, 
and accompanied him to the scaffold. When the day fixed 
for the execution arrived. Major King, having taken an 
affectionate leave of the Bishop, rode away from Enniskillen, 
lest his presence there should give a semblance of approval 
to an act that he and all right-minded men regarded as a 
disgrace to civilized , warfare. 

In the Aplioris7nicall Discovery of Treasonable 
Faction I find the story thus told — 

Sir Phelim Oneylle with a partie tooke his course for 
Tyrone [after being routed at the battle of Letterkeny], and 
so beguiled the enemie. The Bishope-General [Ever MacMahon] 
and Lt.-Gen. Ferrall, with the matter of 200 horse, goinge 


both dale and night for 24 howers the way of Fermanagh 
without meate, drinke, or rest, both horse and man tyred, 
next morninge in that poore plight were discovered and noted 
in that sadd condition by one Maguire, a gentleman of the 
countrie (O inhumaine treacherie !) poasted to Iniekillin garrison, 
gave notice there of the distressed deportment of the fugitive 
Irish Generall ; facilitatinge in the best language* he could the 
surprize of that wofuU partie by a farr lesser number, as out 
of breath and courage, both beaste and man. By those 
surmishes, he edged on the enemie garrison, whoe made up a 
matter of a 100 horse, a sufficient number to quell the alreadie 
vanquished behaviour of this starvlinge and forlorne partie ; 
advancinge therefore towards them, an easie taske, fallinge 
"Upon them, incapable of the leaste resistance, the Prelat- 
Generall was taken prisoner and wounded. The Lt.-Gen. 
narrowly escaped, wounded ; verie fewe escaped, but all were 
either killed in the same place or taken prisoners, and soe 
caried into Initkillin, where continued upwards of 2 months, at 
the expiration wherof was hanged and quartered by Sir 
Charles Coote. 

No local tradition remains as to the particular 
Maguire, who, knowing the short cut across the country, 
made his way quickly to Knniskillen and gave the 
information which led to Major King's sudden and 
successful rally. 

Col. Phelim MacTuoU O'Neill was taken prisoner, 
and when pleading for the life of Colonel Hugh 
O'Neill, son of Owen Roe, was ordered to be knocked 
on the head with tent- poles by Coote. An officer 
present, however, drew his sword and ran Colonel 
Phelim through the heart, in compassion, it is said, 
to save him the brutal indignity, of his head being 
exhibited at Derry, as M'Mahon's was at Knniskillen. 
All the other officers arrested at Letterkenny — Col. 
Henry Roe O'Neill, Col. Hugh Maguire, Col. Hugh 
M'Mahon, Art Oge O'Neill, Mac Shane Deemis, who 
had also been promised quarter, were executed relent- 


Coote's callousness were not confined to the 
Papists who fell into his hands, but extended also to 
the Protestants who had supported the King, and 
among these was Captain Gerrard Irvine, of Castle 
Irvine, Lowtherstown. Captain John Creighton, in 
his Memoirs, as revised by Dean Swift, tells the 
following story, regarding the escape of Captain 
Irvine from Coote at Derry :— 

Alexander Creightoli, my father, was about eighteen 
years old in the year 1641. The Irish Rebellion the^ 

breaking out, he went to Captain Gerrard Irvine, his relation* 
who was then captain of horse, and afterwards knighted by 
King Charles the Second. This gentleman, having a party 
for the King, soon after joined with Sir Robert Stuart, in 
the County of Donegal, where, in the course of those troubles, 
they continued skirmishing, sometimes with the Irish rebels, 
and sometimes with those of the English Parliament, after 
the rebellion in England began ; till at length Captain Irvine, 
and a Mr. Stuart, were taken prisoners, and put in gaol in 
Derry ; which city was kept for the parliament against the 
King, by Sir Charles Coote. 

Here my father (then resident with a young family in 
the town of Castlefen,) performed a very memorable and 
gallant action, in rescuing his relation, Captain Irvine and Mr. 
Stuart. Having received information that Sir Charles Coote, 
Governor of Derry, had publicly declared that Captain Irvine 
and his companion should be put to death, within two or 
three days, he communicated this intelligence to seven trusty 
friends, who all engaged to assist him with the hazard of 
their lives, in delivering the two gentlemen from the danger 
that threatened them. 

They all agreed that my father, and three more, at the 
hour of six in the morning, when the west gate stood open, 
and the drawbridge was let down, for the governor's horses to 
go out to water, should ride in one by one, after a manner 
as if they belonged to the town, and there conceal themselves 
in a friend's house till night ; at which time, my father was 
to acquaint Captain Irvine, and his fellow prisoner, with their 
design, which was to this purpose, that after concerting 
measures at the prison, my father should repair to a certain 
place on the city wall, and give instructions to the four 
without, at twelve at night ; accordingly, next morning, as 


soon as the gate was open, my father, with his three 
comrades, got into the town, and the same night, having 
settled matters with the two gentlemen, that they should be 
ready at six next morning, at which hour he and his three 
friends should call upon them. He then went to the wall, 
and directed the four who were without, that as soon as they 
should see the gate open, and the bridge drawn, one of them 
should walk up to the sentry and secure him from making- 
any noise by holding a pistol to his breast ; after which, the 
other three should ride up and secure the room where the 
guard lay, to prevent them from coming out. Most of the 
garrison were in their beds, which encouraged my father and 
his friends, and much facilitated the enterprise. 

Therefore, precisely at six o'clock, when the byguard 
and sentry at the western gate were secured by the four 
without, my father, and the other three within being mounted 
on horseback, with one spare horse, in the habit of townspeople, 
with cudgels in their hands, called at the gaol door on the 
pretence to speak to Captain Irvine and Mr. Stuart. They 
were both walking in a large room in the gaol, with the 
gaoler, and three soldiers attending them ; but these not 
suspecting the persons on horseback before the door, whom 
they took to be inhabitants of the town, my father asked 
Captain Irvine whether he had any commands to a certain 
place, where he pretended to be going ; the Captain made 
some answer, but said they should not go before they had 
drank with him ; then giving a piece of money to one of the 
soldiers to buy a bottle of sack at a tavern a good way off, 
and pretending likewise some errand for another soldier, sent 
him also out of the way. 

There being now none left to guard the prisoners, but 
the gaoler and the third soldier, Captain Irvine leaped over 
the hatch-door, and as the gaoler leapt after him, my father 
knocked him down with his cudgel. While this was doing, 
Mr. Stuart tripped up the soldier's heels, and immediately 
leaped over the hatch. They both mounted, Stuart on the 
horse behind my father, and Irvine on the spare one, and, 
in a few minutes, came up with their companions at the 
gate, before the main guard could arrive, although it were 
within twenty yards of the gaol door. I should have 
observed that, as soon as Captain Irvine and his friend got 
over the hatch, my father and his comrades put a couple of 
broad swords into their hands, which they had concealed 
tinder their cloaks, and, at the same time, drawing their own, 
were all six determined to force their way against any who- 
offered to obstruct them in their passage, but the dispatcli 


was so sudden, that they got clear out of the gate before the 
least opposition could be made. 

They were no sooner gone than Coote, the Governor, 
^ot out of his bed, and ran into the streets in his shirt, to 
know what the hubbub meant, and was in great rage at the 
accident. The adventurers met the Governor's groom coming 
back with his master's horses from watering; they seized the 
horses and got safe to Sir Robert Stuart's, about four miles 
off, without losing one drop of blood in this hazardous 
enterprize.— Memoirs of Captain John Creighton, p. 8, Dublin 1752. 

When lyord Magiiire was being examined on the 
^eth March, 1642, before Lord I^ambert and Sir 
Robert Meredith, he acknowledged that his brother, 
Rory Maguire, had dispatched a message to Owen 
Roe O'Neill in Flanders (before he came over to 
Ireland) with purpose of the design of the Irish 
rebellion of 1641 ; * and amongst those who were 
present at Loughross when the da}^ was fixed for 
the rising was Heber M'Mahon, Bishop of Clogher. 

As to that trying time of 1641 Sir Frederick 
Hamilton at Manor Hamilton complained that Sir 
William Cole had not supported him (of which 
something in the next chapter), and this plaint 
became the subject of inquiry by the British Parlia- 
ment, but, most likely, the Warden of Knniskillen 
Castle had sufficient to do to keep off Captain Rory 
Maguire,t who frequently tried to capture Knniskillen but 

• Rev. John Graham's Annals of Ireland state that on Thursday, October 
2ist, 1641, John Corraack and Flagherty M'PIugh being sent to Sir William. 
Cole by Bryan Mac Cohauaght Maguire, gave information of the intention 
of the Irish Papists to seize upon the castle and city of Dublin, to murder 
the L,ord Justices and Council of Ireland and the rest of the Protestants, 
and to seize upon all the castles, forts, seaports, and holds that were in the 
possession of the Protestants of Ireland. 

t Collonell Audley Mervyn wrote a pamphlet which was presented to the 
House of Commons, in which he said respecting the rebellion and Sir 
William Cole— I shall beginne with the county of Fermanagh, where those 
that had escaped the fire and sword of Rory MacGuyre, the Arch Rebell in 
that county, brother to the I^ord of Eniskillen, a place fortified by nature, 
under the command of Sir William Cole, Collonell. The inhabitants of that 
county on the other side of Loghearne resorted to Mester Cathcart, then 
High Sheriffe of the county, and garrisoned the castles of Moneigh [Monea], 
Xisgold [I^isgoole], and Tullagh [TuUy]. MacGuire having without any 


failed. Sir William Cole maintained his watch and 
ward. Captain Ffolliott also maintained Ballyshannon 
safe ; and Derry and Coleraine were preserved 
throughout ; but Dungannon, Charlemont^ Fort, 
Mountjoy, Tanderagee, and Newry and many other 
places were taken by the rebels. Owen Roe O'Neill 
was about to besiege the Castle of Enniskillen in 
1647, when he probably though that discretion was 
the better part of valour and proceeded instead to 
]>inster with 12,000 men, and pitched his camp 
between Portlester and Dungan-Hill.* 


The progress of the Papal Nuncio through Ireland 
was royal in its character. He was borne on a 
litter, nobles held a canopy over him, and he was 
paid deference to by the bishops and nobility, 
municipal bodies, and magistrates. He found the 
nobility and bishops and clergy quarrelling ; he 
endeavoured to pacify matters, to accomplish unity 
and promote the cause of the King and the advance- 
ment of the Church to the position in which it was 
during the reign of Henry VII. He advanced 
monies, subsidized armies, became President or 
virtually governor of the country, and the Confederation 

opposition in that county, wasted, burnt, killed, and pillep^ed, betooke 
himselfe, with the united forces thereof to bleagre Eniskillen, which divers 
times with great bodies, and threats equall, but with fictions exceeding 
them both, as that all Ireland was taken, which for a great while we might 
all of us easily, but with grrife, beleeve. Howsoever, it pleased God that 
Collonell Cole with great resolution and valour maintained the same, and 
made divers sallyes in the night, upon his quarter, doing very good 
execution, insomuch that MacGuire thought it an unreasonable aire to 
quarter so ueare EniskiUen, and then began to adventure his fortunes upon 
the other side of the lyough, when Mester Cathcart and many brave Scotch 
Cavaliers against so g^reat a body, though not able to maintaine a field, by 
divers resolute and discreet sallies chased and slaughtered the enemy, 

* Mr Bagwell writes, in Ireland tender the Stuarts, that with 8,000 men 
more O'Neill could have retaken Sligo, subdued Counaught, and " marched 
into Ulster to reduce the fort of Enniskillen, and to take possession of the 
Holy Place of St. Patrick's Purgatory now about one hundred years in the 
liands of the heretics." 


made such headway that he wrote to his Papal 
Master—" This age never witnessed such a sudden 
change. The clergy, hitherto flouted by the Ormondists, 
are now masters of the kingdom, and the late Supreme 
Council [of the Confederation] is amazed to see all 
authority devolve on the clergy"* 

Here was the great opportunity for the Church 
in Ireland, with money, armies and power, to show 
its competence to govern ; but the ancient divisions 
of the Irish race showed themselves, quarrelling 
ensued, one plot was discovered against the life of 
Owen Roe, the Nuncio himself and Bishop M'Mahon, 
dreading arrest, escaped by a garden wall on one 
occasion, and the Nuncio pronounced sentence of 
excommunication against all who adhered to the 
articles of cessation, — a dreaded sentence which was 
openly repudiated and disregarded by some of the 
very Catholic lords and Bishops who would have at 
least been expected to obey it; the document itself 
was trampled upon by Lord Castlehaven and ;Dr. 
Fennel; and finally the Nuncio was ordered to quit 
the Kingdom as a rebel to the English Crown. 
He fled to Normandy in 1849, was received by the 
Pope who had sent him on the Irish mission, and he 
died in 1653. Thus perished the greatest opportunity 
Catholic Ireland ever had of showing constructive 
statesmanship and of promoting peace and order, and 
the utter failure of clerical government, bathed in the 
blood and tears of civil war, left its mark on the 
fortunes of Ireland. 

• In the course of his report to the Pope the Nuncio wrote—" I may also 
observe that no other nation is less given to industry, or more phlegmatic 
than this; for the people are quite satisfied with what nature dictates and 
does for them." 





Sir Frederick Hamilton, a Scottish undertaker* 
received a very extensive grant of land, 5,000 acres 
of arable land and 10,000 acres of mountain and 
bog, in the territory of Bre£fney O'Rourke ; and he 
established his fortress by the Owenmore, a stream 
which rises in the mountain of Glenfarne, lyUgna- 
cuUiagh (1,485 feet high), and swells on its way 
through Glenfarne past Manorhamilton until it reach 
the Bonet, and thence by Dromahaire into I^ough 
Gill. The Manor house of Sir Frederick* was 
perhaps the stoutest fortress in the province of 
Connaught, larger than any in Co. Fermanagh, and 
its ruins of to-day tell of its strength. Built of stone, 
it was 105 feet in length, 93 feet in breadth, and 
about 40 feet in height, and was surrounded by a 
bawne, with ** flankers" at the four corners. 

As in most cases of the kind, a village grew up 
in the vicinity of the castle, the whole bearing the 

• Not to be confounded -mth Sir Francis Hamilton of Castle Hamilton, 
Kfileshandra, who took an active part in suppressing the Irish Rebellion 
of 1641. This estate was sold in 1844, and the present owner is Mr. William 
Joseph Hamilton, J.P. 


name of Manor Hamilton. The artiiScers, tradesmen, 
mills, smiths, and other accompaniments of a fortress 
formed the hamlet which grew finally into a village ; 
and as these were for the most part Scottish, they 
were termed "Albanach" by the Irish, or '' bodagh 
Albanach." These Scottish Presbyterians were regarded 
as intruders and enemies, and the ill-will of the Irish 
was returned with the contempt with which Scotch 
and English have generally regarded the native Irish as 
an inferior race, which boded no good for local 

Sir Frederick Hamilton, described as a combina- 
tion of moss-trooper and fanatic, a man of blood and 
iron, was the younger son of Claud Lord Hamilton 
of Paisley. 

On the outbreak of the insurrection Sir Frederick 
Hamilton, who was in Derry at the time, hastened 
homeward, and according to the accounts of the period 
was a relentless and cruel foe of the native Irish, so 
that when they grew strong enough they sought to 
cripple their enemy. Colonel M'Donogh led a force 
of about i,ooo men against the Castle, and set fire 
to the hamlet and mills, and Sir Frederick, obtaining 
reinforcements, made raids by way of reprisal in 
several directions, capturing the town of Sligo on July 
I, 1 641 -2 and killing 300 of the enemy. 

Subsequently, 400 men of the regiment raised 
by Sir Wm. Cole, with whom was his son-in-law, 
Dean Berkeley, of the diocese of Clogher, and Colonel 
Acheson,* marched to the relief of Sir Frederick, who 

• Col«uel William Acheson, son of Alexander Acheson, laird of Gosford, in 
Scotland, was the first of his family to come to Ireland. The other branch iu 
Co. Armagh took the title of Gosford It was one of Capt. William'i family, 
Guy, who settled at Grouse Lodge, Co. Donegal, in 1697. Guy had two sous, 
Alexander (born in 1705, died in 187) and was married to Prudence Johnston of 
Kilskeery, and Guy, born 1712, died 1764). George was ^reat-great-grandfather 


said he was in need of assistance. Manor Hamilton 
was ascertained to be free of the enemy, and the 
whole force was led to an assault on Owen O'Rourke's 
castle of Dromahaire ; but the defenders got word of 
the design, were prepared for the attack, and Sir Wm. 
Cole having had some disagreement with Sir Frederick,* 
the Enniskillen men returned to their own country. 

Sir Frederick, who complained that he did not 
receive sufficient assistance from Sir Wm. Cole, received 
help in the matter of arms and ammunition both 
from Enniskillen and Ballyshannon ; nor were the 
Confederation idle. They drilled and disciplined their 
forces, strengthened their garrison at Dromahaire, under 
Colonel Luke Taaffe of Ballymote, and posted a strong 
force at Creevelea abbey; and these furnished an 
army to march on Manorhamilton in April 1643. 

When the Irish forces were discovered a party of 
men on foot were observed to set out towards the 
hills where another armed party had been guarding a 
drove of cattle, and Col. Taaffe hurried his men to 
prevent the two forces of the Puritans becoming 
united. He formed three columns of 200 men each, 
and pressed forward to the attack, when, after firing 
a volley, the Puritans pretended to fall back, and the 
impetuous Irish leaped forward with a wild hurrah. 
Then volleys came from concealed lines of the Puritans, 
and Sir Frederick hurled his pikemen on the Irish,. 

of Dr. Acheson Aiken, now of Drumadravey, Lisnarick ; and Guy was buried ia 
the family grave at Templecame, where the Acheson arms are engraved on the 
tomb stone. Martha, daughter of Wm. Acheson of Roscagh (grandson of Guy) 
married to Catherine Humphreys, was their ninth child (bom in 1800) and she 
was married to Acheson Black of Roscor. Their daughter Catherine married 
Wm. Gibson of Kesh, and their daughter Margaret married Mr. John Aiken of 
Kesh, whose eldest son is the present Dr. Acheson Aiken. 

* In The Annals of Ireland it is stated that the one did not like a, 
superior and the other an equal, and Sir Frederick said that Berkeley "carried 
himself more like a devil than a Dean." The Dean of Clogher acted as- 
agent for Sir Wm. Cole, aud in the obtaining of goods for his regiment. 


who were thrown into disorder, and Colonel Taaffe 
was killed with about 60 of his men. 

But Sir Frederick Hamilton was not to be allowed 
to continue to dominate Breffney O'Rourke. From 
Tiereragh and Tirreril came the men of Sligo under 
O'Connor ; and from , Killargy and other districts in 
Breffney, under Owen O'Rourke, men went from Droma- 
haire to meet a celebrated chieftain from Breffney 
O'Reilly known as Miles the Slasher, with his men, 
and also to welcome the great chief of Ulster who 
came with his creaghts,* as daring and ferocious in 
battle as skilled in the art of stealing and guarding 
cattle. The creaghts are described as being native of the 
natives — inheriting old Irish customs, and dressing in 
the Irish manner. ** The men wore their hair in 
long shaggy coulins, their upper lips being covered 
with the Cromwell or heavy moustache, while their 
brawny muscular bodies were clad in the large flowing, 
and many plaited yellow garment, gathered in at the 
waist by a broad belt of undressed hide in which 

• According to Murtay's New English Dictionary, the word Great (spelt 
Creaght) applied in Irish history to a nomadic herd of cattle driven about 
from place to place, or. in time of war, with the forces of their owuers ; 
and the word wa9 also applied to the herdsmen of these creaghts. 

Spenser's State Ireland, 1596— "He shall finde no where safe to keepe his 
creete . . . , that in shorte space his creete, which is his moste sustenance, 
shalbe .... starved for wante of pasture." 

Davies, 1612 Why Ireland .... page 123— "la these fast places they 
kept their creaghts or herds of cattle." 

1646. Sir J. Temple, Irish Rebellion 1746, page 121 — "Commonly bringing 
their cattle into their own stinking creates." 

1658. Ussher. Annals, 227— The country people .... dwelt scattered 
in cretes and cabans." 

1855. Macaulay History of England, III., 673 — " He was soon at the head 
of 7 or 8,000 raparees [Irish freebooters], or, to use the name peculiar to 
Ulster, creaghts." 

Facsimiles of Irish Nat MSS. Appendix XIV. (6). "John Clifford to Sir 
Robert Cecil."—", . . . Tyrone is now in campe harde by the Newrye, att 
his old campaigne place, and hath brought all his creatts with hym, and is 
determyned to come neare to Dundalke, wher he meaneth to campe, tyll the 
IvOrd Leiftenant's oomynge into these parts." 

Appendix XVI. (i). "Sir William Warren's account of his first journejr to 
the Earl of Tyrone, 1599."—" .... Sir William did couceyve a disposition 
in Tyrone to drrwe upp sll the forces, that he could make to the borders as 
neare Dundalke as he could, and all his creats to bringe thyther with hyme, 
which maketh the sayd Sir William to doubte of any good or conformitie at 
his hands." 


glittered the inevitable skian, and their nether limbs 
covered with the tight-fitting bracca. The tall and 
stately forms of the women were enveloped in the 
graceful folds of the flowing bright-coloured cloak, 
and heads surmounted with the white, spiral fileadh 
of Milesian womanhood." 

The leader was the great Owen Roe O'Neill, 
who had been elected at Clones as general-in-chief 
of the Catholic Army of the North, his kinsman, 
Sir Phelim, a former leader, being satisfied with the 
designation of President of Ulster. 

O'Neill A boo rent the air as the chief came 
along, his green ensign being that of the Catholic 
Confederation of Kilkenny, bearing an Irish Cross 
within a red circle, with a crown and the initials 
C. R. standing for Charles Rex. Here was the 
Ulster leader fighting for the English King. He had 
saved his force with great skill at Charlemont when 
attacked by General Monroe ; and though badly 
beaten in an ambuscade laid for him at Clones by 
Lord Balfour and by Colonel Mervyn. of Trillick, and 
Colonel Stewart, he had made a clever retreat ; and 
he had retired to the plains of I^eitrim to train his 
indisciplined forces for the great object before him. 
But he had beaten Lord Moore of Mellifont at 
Portlester in County Meath, and had refreshed and 
trained his army, and was now to destroy the 
English fortress in North Leitrim. 

The Castle of Manor Hamilton was a diflScult one 
to take in those days, with its strong and high 
walls, and powerful garrison, and Owen Roe felt the 
want of cannon to attack it by assault. A secret 
entrance was made known to him, according to local 
tradition, by a simpleton named Murty M'Sharry. 


Miles the Slasher led a party in silence, helped by 
the bare feet of the Irish kerne, stabbed the 
sentinels, the Scotch guard was overpowered in the 
suddenness of the attack, and slaughter ensued, some 
of the women and children being saved by O'Neill's 
orders. The Castle was set on fire to its destruction 
and its ruins have never since been tenanted, though 
still a bold feature in the landscape. 

Sir Frederick Hamilton escaped from the 
catastrophe. He left three sons: — the eldest, James, 
succeeded to the estate ; the second, Frederick, who 
fought and died in the Irish *'warres;" and the 
celebrated Gustavus (who had been sometimes 
confounded with the Gustavus Hamilton, governor of 
Bnniskillen) who was created Viscount Boyne by 
William III. in 171 7. Failing male issue, the 
Hamilton estate was divided between two daughters 
of Sir Frederick. Hannah married Sir William Gore: 
thus Manor Hamilton passed into the possession of 
the Gore family ; and the other daughter, Sidney, was 
married to Sir John Hume, Fermanagh, who thus 
obtained a I^eitrim in addition to his Fermanagh 

Paul Gore had commanded a troop of horse in Queen 
Elizabeth's reign, and having successfully brought 
Rory O'Donnell (created Earl of Tyrconnell) to 
Athlone and O'Connor Sligo to make their submission 
to the Queen, was rewarded with a grant in Donegal, 
for which he received as substitute the Manor Gore 
in Fermanagh, 1,348 profitable acres, subsequently 
known as the Manor of Carrick or Belle Isle, also 
known as Ballymacmanus,* where the Annals of 

* Ballymacmanus (known as the modem Belle Isle) was the spot where 
Cathal MacManus wrote in the 15th century his Annals of Ulster, which 

S 5 



Ulster had been written. Created a baronet in 1629, Sir 
Paul died later, and was succeeded by Sir Ralph, 
his heir, whose son was Sir William, the third 
baronet, who married Miss Hannah Hamilton. Sir 
Robert, the fourth baronet, succeeded to the Manor- 
hamilton estate. He changed the name of Manor 
Gore to Belle Isle, and sat in Parliament. He died 
in 1723. The fifth baronet. Sir Ralph Gore, was 
created Viscount Belle Isle and Earl of Ross in 
1772, and he married secondly Alice, daughter of 
the Right Hon. Nath. Clements, and sister of the 
Karl of Leitrim. Viscount Belle Isle dying before 
his father, the Leitrim estate passed into the Clements 
family. The Belle Isle property was finally purchased by 
the Rev. John Grey Porter, by him given to his son 
Mr. John Grey Vesey Porter (who died without issue) 
for life, and subsequently to his nephew, Mr. John 
Porter Archdale, second son of the late Mr. Nicholas 
Archdale of Crocknacrieve, Mr, Porter Archdale 
assuming the name of Porter, 

record important northern events from 431 a.d. till 1498; and Rodrick 
Cassidy is said to have continued them till about 1540. The Annals are 
written chiefly in I^atin and partly in Gadhaelic. 




An interesting diary of events at the Castle of 
Manorhamilton was kept by one of the soldiers, 
Sergeant Scott, who saved several articles from the 
burning of the castle, as also did a fellow-soldier 
named Pye, a descendant of whom lives in the 
townland of Moneenlum, near Manorhamilton, I am 
informed by the Rev. Joseph Meehan, P.P. The 
original diary was seen as lately as 1858 in the 
home of Mr. O'Donel, D.I,., J.P.,* at l^arkfield. A 
few copies were taken of it in manuscript. The 
document itself was published in I^ondon, in the year 
1643, and is headed as being 

A true Relation of the manner of our Colonell Sir 
Frederick Hamilton's return from Londonderry in Ireland, 
where he was at the beginning and breaking out of this 
Rebellion, with the particular services performed by the 
Hare* and FooU Companies which he commanded, garrison 'd 
at Manor Hamilton, in the county of Leiirim, in the province 
of Connaught. 

We get a glimpse of the "Colonell" in a few 
letters which passed before the Rebellion of 1641 
t)roke out referring to some local relations. The first 

• Descendant of the O'Donnells of Tyrconnell, and for this reason the family 
lias been highly respected around Manorhamilton. 

I^KTTERS OF 1 64 1 AND A DIARY. 259 

of these is from some British prisoners at Sligo and 
Dromahaire, regarding whom an exchange was proposed. 

8ir Robert Hannay his Letter and others being Prisoners at Sligo, 
%nd sent to Dromahere Castle. 

Honourable Sir,— We the undernamed persons having 
snflfered in all our whole estates, and being upon our banish- 
ment out of this kingdom, under the safe conduct of Mr. 
Edmond Bourk Ragagh, and Mr. Walter Bourk of Ardagh, 
towards the North, but most opposed at Castle Connour, Ennis- 
crone, Eseagh bridge, Dawne Neale, Amaghsse, and Torrder, go 
by several bands of armed men purposely set for our lives, 
were not their extream violence suppressed by the discretion, 
worth, and care of those Gentlemen, and we taken prisoners 
by the Mac Sioines, brought before O'Connor Sligo, where we 
now remain, and intended to be sent unto the Castle of 
Dromaheere, to be kept until you. Sir, deliver such prisoners of 
the O'RourJces, and others as you have in your custodie, or to 
be dealt with, as you do unto them. Sir, you are nobly 
disposed, so that in honour we hope the meanes of relief, 
being now in your self, you will not suffer us to perish, who 
will ever remain, Sir, 

Yours truly obliged to serve you, 

RoBKRT Hannay, Andrew Adark, Ai^exandkr Montgombry, 
Wii,i<AM Liston, Thomas Fui.i«krton. 

These be the names and number of Prisoners, Sir 
Robert Hannay, his Lady, his two daughters, two boys, two 
men, and a Gentlemen. Mr. Andrew Adare, and his wife and 
sister's sonne. Mr. Alexander Montgomery, his wife and eldest 
son. Mr. William Liston, his wife and daughter. Mr. Thomas 
Fullerton and his wife. Patrick Desmond, Mr. Adare' s man. 

Sir, after the writing of this Letter we are brought to 
Dromaheere, and orders left by the Captaines to bring us unto 
the Camp at Manor Hamilton ; where we must suffer death, if 
those Prisoners with you. Sir, be not delivered. 

The following letter was the reply of Sir Frederick 
Hamilton, in which he assigns reasons, on account of the 
alleged treachery of the native Irish, for his refusal 
of all terms : — 

Sir Frederick Hamilton's answer to th$ Letter a/ore-mentioned. 
Sir, I have received your Letter, whereby I am given to 


understand of yonr treacherous surprisal, notwithstanding of 

your safe conduct promised, for the which I am very sorry, 

but such is the treacherous falshood of those disloyal traytours 

generally throughout this whole kingdome, that hath made me 

vow and sweare in the presence of Almighty God, that 

I will never give nor take quarter with them, or any 

of them, yea though my own sons who have descended 

from my own Loins were in your estate. 

I had rather they should die gloriously for the cause of 

Christ, then I should so abase my self as to deal with such 

traitours to God and his Majesty. Thus beseeching God 

Almighty to strengthen and encourage you, that you may 

continue constant till it shall please God to give you 

deliverance, either by life or death. In the meantime I am 

perswaded that they will use you with no worse measure 

than their Prisoners, who were apprehended by me in the 

action of Rebellion, are used. So recommending you to God, 

I rest. Your very loving friend, 

Castle Hamilton, January, 19, 1641. |F. H. 

Another letter of the period, showing how the 
Roman Catholics had vowed to help each other and 
advising Sir Frederick to agree to terms of peace : 

This Paper was found in a Priesfs pocket, bevng killed and stript. 

Whereas we are certified that the unexpected insurrection 
did arise in defence -of our good faith, and holy Mother, the 
Catholick Romane Church, and of his Majesties prerogative 
Royall, both which being lately intended by the Protestants 
of England and Ireland to be abolished, wherefore I TeiQ 
O'Connour Sligo, Collonell of the Irish Regiment for the county 
of Sligo, doe hereby command all the inhabitants of the parish 
of Gadhry, as you are naturally obliged to obey the Bomane 
Church, to pay or, cause to be payed unto father Gonnour 
(J'Hary, Pastour of the said parish, all such tithes and other 
duties as he can find out were impayed unto the former 
Minister of the said parish, and in failing hereof I promise to 
assist him as I best can, as witness my hand this 17 of 

Noble Sir Frederick Hamilton, I cannot forget that in 
times past there was a mutuall correspondency of love and 
affectionate friendship between my father and your self, which 
on your part, hat} ^een approved by severall of your favourable 


courtesies, which had left such an obligation upon me his 
Sonne and heire as I cannot but wish your happiness before 
your hurt. Thongh the general matter now in hand requires 
the contrary, I am perswaded you cannot but knew or 
imagine, as true it is, that there is so fast an union made 
amongst us all, the Romane Catholicks, as' members of one 
body, we have vowed to help one another, so that if one 
member receive hurt, the other must apply his best endeavours 
for the cure, all tending to the defence of our Christian 
Religion, and the preservation of his Majesties most Royall 
power and prerogatives, being the chief reasons of this our 
most Christian quarrell : Therefore, when I saw the most 
miserable distractions and afflictions which my most neare 
Cousins and Neighbours of this county suffered under this 
pretence by your cruelty and meanes, my heart could not for 
the brotherly Christian charity I owe unto them, besides the 
several invitations and persuasions of many of my friends and 
alliance, but make this present expedition. I have here with 
me lying about me, besides a many more drawing towards 
you for the places to seek redresse and revenge of these great 
miseries and calamities you have put upon them, which I 
wish to have in the gentlest sort I may. 

Wherefore, I thought fit to accquaint you more for 
your own good, than any end of mine. That I am here 
strong enough from the County of Sligo, having all the best 
and chiefest men of that county about me, besides the strength 
of the county of Leitrim under the command of my cousins, 
the O'BourJces, whom you have much harmed, who have 
procured by their friends from the county of Maio these 
great supplies, daily drawing towards us, so that you will find 
it impossible for you to resist, wherefore, out of my unfeigned 
goodwill, do advise you that, before we go to extremity, you 
will take the best course for your own safety and relief, which 
great Potentates and Nobles are not ashamed to doe, when 
they are in the like extremetie as we hold you to be, in 
desiring that you and we may agree upon quarters and a 
cessation of Arms, untill Articles propounded upon either side 
may be agreed upon, I desire to be free from giving way to 
shed your blood, if otherwise I may compasse my pretences : 
If you will not make use of this friendly offer instantly 
before delay, and before the county of Maio Gentlemen join 
me, I feare they being so near and great in numbers, I shall 
hardly stay their hands from seeking revenge for killing and 
hanging so many of their kinsmen, the 0'JRourk4», others of 
their friends of this county, whom you have destroyed herein. 
I will expect your present answer, and desire that our 


messengers on both sides may freely passe without harm or 
danger, as is usual in all leaguers. Mean time 1 shall remain 
Yours at pleasure and heart's desire, 

Teig O'Connour S1.1GO, Golondl. 

Manor Hamilton^ March the 15, 1641. 

To that letter Sir Frederick replied in words which 
show the character of the man and how he ''scorned" 
his foes : — 

ThU Letter answered thus : 
Your loyalty to your king, your faith to your friends 
once broke, never more to be trusted by me, but revenged as 
God shall enable the hands of him who was loving to your 
loyall Predecessors, whose course will contribute to your de- 
struction, for extinguishing the memory of their loyalties. 
Thus I rest with contempt and scorn to all your base bragges. 
Your scourge if I can, F.H. 

How watchful they were at Dromahaire Castle 
against Sir Frederick Hamilton may be surmized from 
the following letter, alleged to have been found on 
the body of Mulmurry MacTernan, Esquire, " being 
kird and stript":— 

For my worthy Friend Mulmurry Mac Teman, Esquire, 
Found in his Pocket, being kil'd and stript. 

Kind Gossip, the only thing that keeps me from you 
is the report that Sir Frederick Hamilton promised to come 
last night, or this day to see me at this Castle, which report 
hath made me and all mine to watch all night : I pray you 
have a care if you heare any such thing, to march hither 
with all post-hast with your Company ; And so I bid you 
farewell, and rest 
Dromaheere Castle, Your own faithful Gossip, 

Feb. 21, 1641. Owen O'Rourkk. 

We thus have an eyesight into the relations 
between the owner of Manor Hamilton and his 
neighbours of the Irish clans in this year of 1641. 
during the October of which the Irish Rebellion and 
Massacre broke out. The Diary already referred to 


begins with mention of the setting on fire and burning 
of the " Iron Works called the Garrison," Co. 
Fermanagh, by the Macl,aughlins and MacMurrays of 
the Coi3nty Leitrim, and that seven or eight score of 
the sufferers, most of them English, wounded and 
robbed, fled to I,ady Hamilton for relief. Sir Frederick 
was at lyondonderry at this time, and word having 
been sent to him of the occurrence he returned home 
through the enemy's country by way of Barnesmore 
Gap and Donegal, at which latter place he found Sir 
Ralph Gore, Mr. Brooke,* and all the British of that 
country ** robbed of their cattell, shortly expecting 
themselves to be destroyed." 

Sir Frederick relieved Ballyshannon Castle on his 
way, and finally reached Manor Hamilton, and on 
the 31st of this bloody month of October was visited 
by Connour O'Rourke, High Sheriff of the County of 
Leitrim. The diarist, who speaks of the natives as 
" rogues," mentions names of Irish chiefs like Hugh 
MacCahill MacMurray and Con MacTernan. The 
O'Rourke most probably continually rebelled at the 
confiscation of portion of his country and the de- 
privation of his lands by Sir Frederick, and considered 
any reprisals fully justified,— so that he stole cattle in 
some cases, robbed Englishmen and tenants and 
others, &c., until finally in December Sir Frederick 
made reprisals, and on the 4th December — 

This day by our Colonell's command a gallowes wa» 
erected upon the top of an hill neare the castle, and having 
about 24 prisoners in the castle, he caused eight of them to 
be hanged up which had been at the burning of Ballyshannon, 

• Sir Ralph Gore is referred to already in another part of this work. The 
Mr. Brooke was most probably Mr Basil Brooke, of Manor Brooke, an under- 
taker in Donegal, who was afterwards knighted. His son and heir was Sir 
Henry Brooke of Brookeborough, Co. Fermanagh. 



in the county of Donegal!, and at the burning of the iron 
works in the county of Fermanagh, 

That gallows was kept busy, for we find that a 
number of men were tried by and executed under 
martial law since the beginning of this Rebellion, 
whose names are given as below : — 

The names of such as have been hanged at Manor. Hamilton^ hy 
Martial Law since the beginning of this Rebellion. 

Dec. 3. Turlogh Mac Clevor 

Neale Mac Cluan 

Manus O'Gallogher 

Manus O'Hay 
Dec. 12. Phelemy Duff Mac Cob 
Dec. 18. Gelpatrick O'Kan 

Brian O'Moriice 
Dec. 20. Turlogh O'Cally 
Jan. 2. Brian O'Cannan 

Con O'Rourk, the 
Colonell's brother 
Jan. 8. Connour Mac Shane 

MacLoughlin, the chief 
of his name 
Aug. 23. Owen Mac Garraghy 

Cormack O'Cornan 
Aug. 31. Shane Mac Skerrie 

John Spence 
Sept. 10. Capt. Con O'Connour July 

Credagh Mac Derno July 

Cor Mac O'Hay, had Nov. 
been a Minister 

Teig Mac Goane. 
Sept. 1. Brian Mac Diffit 
Sept. 17. Donnogh O'Dowde 
Sept. 19. Grany O'Dowgan 

Patrick O' Neale 
Feb. 2. John Wytherspin 
Feb. 11. Donnogh boy O'Bane Feb. 

Mewe Mac Lroughlin 
Feb. 22. Owen Mac Thomas 

Feb. 26. Ferrall Mac Regan 

Tutmultagh Mac Gar- 
raghy, subsheriffe 
deputy of Donegall 



Cormack O'Hay's wife, 
neare kinswoman to 
Hugh O'Hart 
O'Donnell O'Hart 
Granny ny Kewe 
Phelomy Mack A Naw 
Gilpatrick O'Mullane 
Laughlin O Degannian 
Call boy Mac Garty 
Donn^h O'Hart 
Hugh O'Flin 
James Roch, the chief 
Murtherer of the 
British at Sligo. 
Donnell O'Clery 
Hugh O'Cullen 
Glany O' Regan 
James Wytherspin 
12. James Halfpenny 
26. Hugh O'Fay 
4. Captain Charles Mac 
26. Phelomy Mac Pierce 
22. M Gwyre 
7. Edmond MacGawran 
Turrogh Beagh , 

O Mortelan 
Brian O'Cuer 
3. Cormack O'Cuer 

Cormack O'Quillan 
18. Kahili Mac Kan 

Donnell Mac Glanaghy 
William Mac Roregan 

The better to give an insight into the raids and 
warfare of the day, the cheap value set npon human 

I^ETTERS OF 1 64 1 AND A DIARY. 265 

life, and the beheading of bodies, I give here a 
continuous extract from the diar}^ ; and from it we 
can well glean that Sir Frederick's name inspired 
terror among his enemies : — 

April 7. — By this time the rogues grew so confidant of 
their securities in their campe, that the Colonell O'Rourke 
brought his cattell to graze upon some waste land within two 
miles of us, wherewith our colonell, being acquainted, that 
night sent out a party of horse and foote, and seized upon 
all their cattell, driving them homewards by breake of day, 
whereupon they raising their campe, brake out upon us, 
thinking to have destroyed us, and rescued their colonell's 
cattell ; but it pleased God we so paid them, that we not 
only made good our prey, but killed a number of their ablest 
men, bringing with us to the castle, six of their chief e 
oflScers' heads, of which number was James Murrah MacOlan- 
Tiaghy, the chiefe man of that name, chasing all the rest 
to their campe, where we found three stand of pikemen's 
armes, two drummes, six muskets with bandaliers, two 
Serjeant's halberts, with a many pikes and skeans, most of 
those armes formerly belonging to the Lord President of 
Connaught's officers and souldiers, having layne in garrison at 
Sligo, till it was lost and they cut off. Thus we destroyed 
their great campe, where our souldiers' wives and boyes 
plentifully victualled themselves, bringiiig from the rogues a 
great many iron-crowes and such like instruments, made and 
marked with the sign of the crosse, making their poore churles 
beleeve, that with those irons they were to pull down our 
Colonell's castle and bawne. 

April 9. — A party of foote was this night sent to Glenden, 
from five or six miles off, where we kil'd and burned in their 
houses neere twenty rogues, bringing home a number of cowes 
and goates, and burning a many of Irish houses. 

April 18. — Our Colonell this night in person marched 
forth with a party of horse and foote into the county of 
Sligo, where within two miles of the towne, he burnes of some 
villages called Berfuther, and other houses there, killed some 
rogues, he returnes by Mr. Parke's castle of the New-Towne, 
finding that towne and castle untoucht or troubled, being in 
the bosome of the rogues, where our Colonell being informed 
the rogues were daily relieved by that towne and castle, their 
cowes having grazed peaceably about the castle all the while 


theire campe lay about Mannour Hamilton, Mr. Parke never 
permitting a man of his either to meddle with their cattel or 
themselves, as they went and came with their provisions from 
Sligo to their campe, he having in his castle neare sixty able 
men, which might have done good service if Mr. Parke and 
the O'Bourkes had not so made their bargaines, that until our 
Colonell's castle were destroyed, he should not be meddled 
withall, so as he made them no interruption whilst they were 
encampt about us. In the meane time Mr. ParJca causing his 
weaver to weave forty yards of broad cloath for the use of 
Mr. Bryan Ballagh O'Rourhe, whilst he and his brother Owen 
were lying in campe about us ; and the next day after we 
had beate them from their campe, Mr. Parke not only suffered 
them to carry their cattell, which all that time they grazed 
neare to his castle gates without any guarde save one coward, 
as also that day lent Bryan BaVagh the cloath-weaver in his 
castle, with divers such like informations proved by Mr. Parke's 
owne servants, whereupon our Colonell thought fit presently 
to burne that towne, which so long had relieved and sheltered 
the rogues, and killed some of them at that instant in the 

April 21. — Our horse-men this morning scouring the 
fields, killed one of the rogues centries bringing his head 
home to the castle. 

April 23. — This night a party was sent towards Dromahere, 
where we killed about forty of the rogues, burnt many good 
houses, brought home seven or eight score cowes, with many 
horses, sheepe and goates, by this march we diverted another 
great gathering, intended to have encamped about us the 
next day. 

May 1. — A party of foote is sent into a wood-land 
mountaine country, ten miles from our castle, where by the 
dawning of the day we fell upon some houses beloning to the 
great Lord of that country Mac A Name, where we burnt and 
killed in the houses upwards three score persons, taking 
Mac A Name himselfe, with his two daughters, and a kins-man 
prisoner, his wife being killed unknown to the souldiers ; 
amongst the rest we brought home our prisoners, with eight 
or nine score cowes, and neere two hundred sheepe, and 

May 10. — That night a party of horse and foote are 
sent into the country of Sligo, where we burnt the houses of 
Teig Mac Phelomy O'Gonnour, Teig hog O'Connour, neere cozens 
and captaines in O'Connour's regiment. Whilst he lay about us 

I^KTTKRS OF 1 64 1 AND A DIARY. 267 

we killed some ten or twelve of the rogues themselves, being 
then at Sligo, most of the people of the barony being fled to 
the towne for feare of our men ; that country being almost 
wast, we brought home onely a prey of sheep. 

May 13. — ^This night we marcht into the county of 
Fermanagh, where we kil'd the wife of DonnogTia Mac Flagherty 
Mac Qioire, with about forty more, whom we surprised in 
houses before day, and brought with us nine score cowes, 
about two hundred sheepe and goates, and forty-seven horses 
and mares, thirty swine, and five prisoners which we hanged. 

May 18. — Intending towards the fryers of Greioly, we 
found that house uncovered, and the fryers fled ; this morning 
we encountered a number of Owen O'Bourke'a men neare to 
the castle of Dromahen, where we killed above twenty of 
them ; our souldiers got good pillage in their cabins, brought 
home above an hundred, most of them Scotch and Engliah 
cowes, seven or eight score sheepe, some lusty mares and 
horses, with a many pikes, and the lord president of Gonnaught'9 
halbert, his Serjeant being taken when they left Sligo. 

May 20. — ^This morning our castle is attempted to be 
taken by four or five hundred rogues from the Dattey or 
Boaenver, but our Gentries timely giving us the alarmes, they 
are rescued, and the rogues retyred to the mountaines. 

Tlie cool manner in which these raiding expeditions 
are described and the matter-of-course method of 
hanging prisoners causes one to shudder, so that it 
is not much wonder that Dr. O^Rourke in his History 
of Sligo described Sir Frederick Hamilton as the 
Tamerlane of the West. He might have been 
remembered as Hanging Hamilton. It is no surprise 
that Sir William Cole could not agree with him. 




Sir John Davis appreciated the beauty spots of Fermanagh, 
and enriched himself with them, as he did in other counties. 
When writing 'in 1609 from the camp at Enniskillen he said 
of this county : — 

We have now finished our service in Fermanaerh, which is so pleasant and 
fruitful a county that if I should make a full description thereof, it would 
rather be taken for a poetical fiction than a true and serious narration. The 
fresh lake called Lough Erne -being more than 40 miles in length, and 
abounding in fresh water fish of all kinds— divides that country into two 
parts. The land on either side of the lough, rising in little hills of 80 or 
100 apiece, is the fattest and richest soil in all Ulster. 



The claim of the O'Donnells of Tyrconnell to the over- 
ordship of the Maguire country in contradistinction to that of 
the O'Neills, in consequence of which the Fermanagh district 
was raided and ravaged by both of them frequently, had 
nother claim — to the persona of the people, as is told in 
Docwra's Narrative, Pasje 249. 

The claim of the O'Donnells to the lordship of Tyrconnell was that it 
included not only Donegal but Tyrone, Fermanagh, yea and Connaught. 
Wheresoe'er any of ^le O'Donnells that at any time extended their power, he 
made account all was his ; he acknowledged no other kind of right or 
interest in any man else, yea the ^Rry persons of the people he challenged 
to be his, and said he had wrong if any foot of all laud, or any of the 
persons of the people were exempted from him. 

It was of this period that the brother of Maguire wrote 
to Sussex, 25th of November, 1562 — 

they [Shane O'Neill and Hugh O'Donnell] lefe nother [neither] howse nother 
[neither] corne in all me contrey upon the mayne land on wastyd [unwasted] 
nother churche nother santory [sanctuary] on robyd [unrobbed] ; butt there 
is sartayne [certain] ylonds [islands] in me contrey in the wytche ylonds 
Standys all me groods, but your lordshypp shall understand that" Hyti 
O'donnell has preparyd and prouyded xii bottes [boats] for to robe and waste 
all thos ylonds. 



As a sample of the tautological verbiage employed in 
legal suits in those days I quote here a Declaration in the 
Corporation Court made against Mr. Charles Oliver. 

"Charlie," as he was popularly called, was the clock- 
maker of Knnis Killen, as he put on the face of his clocks, 
and made all the works, &c., in his own workshop. His 
house was one of the first built in the new street we now 
call Belmore-street, on the Belmore-street side of the present 
steps leading to the Forthill. The slanting old broad road 
ran up the ground of the present steps to the Bower Lane 
and onward by the present Forthill Road along the side of 
Camomile Hill, by way of the present Fort I/odge, up the 
Pound Brae, onward by the upper and ancient road to 
Chanterhill. Mr. Oliver's house, after his death, was used as 
a police barracks. He was a craftsman and a gentleman, and 
the county gentry made frequent calls at his house as a place 
of rendezvous and as a place of observation to see all who 
crossed the narrow bridge. One of his clocks is preserved at 
Florencecourt, the writer possesses one, and there is one other 
extant somewhere. The following is a copy of the wordy 
Declaration, whose substance might have been expressed in 
three or four lines: — 


County Fermanagh"! Foulk Moore in his proper person comes 
and Corporation of V into court and complains against Charles 
Enniskillen to wit J Oliver present here also here in court ; 
Foulk Moore, Pltf. \ For that whereas the Plaintiff Foulk 
Charles Oliver, Deft./ Moore did sometime in the months of 
January or February in the year of our Lord One Thousand, 
Bight Hundred and Eighteen at Enniskillen aforesaid, in the 
county aforesaid, did then and there make agreement with the 
said Defendant, Charles Oliver, and did then and there pur- 
chase one looking glass from him the said Charles Oliver for 
the sum of sixteen shillings and threepence sterling, which 
said sum of sixteen shillings and threepence sterling the said 
Plaintiff Foulk Moore handed over and paid to the said 
Defendant Charles Oliver, which said looking glass the said 
Charles Oliver was to have delivered to the said Foulk Moore, 
and which the said Charles Oliver at different times after 
promised so to do but Faild in His the said undertaking, 
which said sum of sixteen shillings and threepence sterling 
the said Foulk Moore is Justly Intitled to have and Recive 
from him the said Charles Oliver in consequence of him the 
said Charles Oliver not having completed with the said 
Agreement and several promises as aforesaid, which said sum 


as aforesaid tho' often demanded he the said Charles Oliver 
hath hitherto Refused and still doth refuse to pay to the 
Damage of the said Foulk Moore of Three pounds, six shillings 
and eightpence sterling; and therefore he brings his suit and 
prays the Judgment of this Court. 

Rec' 6th December, 1819. Pledges to 

F. Moore, Ptf. W. Whitten, Recorder. prosecute 

John Doe 



Six British settlers on the Edernagh Proportion were 
given in the Inquisition of Charles I. as — Maurice Cowper, 
Robert Rakins [? Rankin], Thomas Andrew, Thomas Poe, 
Wm. Cox, and Clinton Ogle, 

On the 2nd August, 1634, also declares the Inquisition, 
Leonard Blennerhassett indented to Robert Flack, a clergyman, 
the lands of Mullschmore and Gortkeron, for a yearly rent of 
40s. On the 24th of February, 1632, he leased the half-tate 
of DromroUo to Jerome Emery for an annual rent of 20s 4d. 
We also learn that other British tenants obtaining lands from 
lyconard Blennerhasset were — John and James Vernan [Verner], 
Joseph Walker, Christopher Irvinge of Lowtherstowne, John 
Maxwell of Quilles [? Cules], and John Betty of Ballyscillan. 



The Castle of Enniskillen was, according to the Four 
Masters, surrendered in 1439 to Donall Balluch Maguire, and 
three years later Thomas Oge Maguire gave it to Philip Maguire. 
In 1592 Maguire had the houses round the Castle burnt for 
fear of attack. It was in the next year during his absence 
that Capt. Dowdall laid siege to the fortress as already related 
in Chapter VII. On the ninth day he attacked the castle 
**by boats, by engines, by sap, by scaling." He placed 100 
men in a great boat covered with hurdles and hide which 
with Connor O'Cassidy as guide drew up close to the wall of 
the barbican. Here a fierce onslaught was made and the 
garrison retreated to the Keep. This Capt. Dowdall threatened 
to blow up unless they surrendered, which they accordingly 

The steersman of the boat gives the number as 36 


fighting men and nearly the same of women and children. 
WhereaSi Capt. Dowdall states he put 150 to death, which is 
most likely an exaggeration. He says it came into her 
Majesty's hands with small loss, though it was very strong 
with walls seven feet thick and " soundrie secret fights with- 
in it of great annoyance uppon the barbican." He remained 
ten days mending the breeches, gates, and doors, and laid in 
three months* provisions. He elected a constable and 
garrisoning it with thirty soldiers, took his departure. 
Marshall Bagnall was on his way to ward the castle but 
Dowdall reported that he was too ill to await his coming. 

The same year Maguire laid seize to the fortress, it 
is said at the instigation of the Earl of Tyrone. The relieving 
party was defeated and the Lord Deputy himself set out to 
the rescue of the garrison. They had been reduced to eating 
horse flesh and had only one more animal when they were 
relieved. The ward was then reduced from forty to thirty 
and the castle victualled for six months, which supply was to 
be augmented by fishing for eels under the walls. Shortly 
after this the bawn was seized and seven warders killed ; and 
in 1595 the whole fortress surrendered. In the State Papers 
the Lord Deputy declares he cannot understand why this 
should have been, as the castle was well provisioned. He says 
that he hears the constable and fifteen warders were promised 
life and goods, but that when they came out they were all 
put to death. It does not seem that this report was con- 
firmed. In 1596-97 the Lord Deputy asks for three falcons 
with their carriages and ladles to replace those which Maguire 
had taken with the castle and which had been belonged to 
Dublin. Maguire's brother held the fortress in 1598. It was 
again in English possession in 1607, and Capt. William Cole 
was constable in 1610, when he asked for some land to be 
alloted to his office. That immediately round the castle was 
in the hands of Scotch settlers, and there was no demesne 
land attached to the building. In 1611 he built "a fair 
house" on the old site adding numerous outhouses. A moat 
surrounded the bawn and the river was crossed by a draw- 
bridge. He also erected a wall 26 feet high with flankers 
and parapet which still remains. 

The castle was granted to Sir Wm. Cole in 1620 on a 
lease for 21 years and he was responsible for its repair. The 
Earl of Enniskillen at present represents the family. Four 
Hundred pounds was granted for State repairs in 1646, some 
of which had been expended on the Castle of Enniskillen. 
During the famous siege of the town in 1689 — [there was no 
siege] — the governor, Gustavus Hamilton, took up his residence 


in the castle, which belonged to Sir Michael Cole, who was 
absent in England. In 1749 the fortress was in ruins. — From 
*• Castles of Ireland," by C. It. Adams. 

The Castle was reduced one storey in height when re- 
paired in modern days, and, as I have commented in above, 
there was no siege during the Revolution, but there had been 
during the reign of Elizabeth. 


Extract from poem by O'Higgin, folio 98, col. 1, Eg. Ill, 
Mss. Department British Museum, begins *' M airg fh^cus or 
inis cheithleann. na geuan nedrocht na neas mbinn." &c., i.e. 

•*Alas for him that looks on Enniskillen of lightsome 
bays* and of sweet sounding falls : for to us it is a peril 
(for sure 'tis impossible to quit it) that e'er we have gazed 
on the white fortress with its sod of smooth greensward." 

It was this Poet who also wrote a poem commemorating 
hospitality enjoyed once at the hands of Maguire (Cuchonnacht 
Oge,t son of Cuchonnact the Coarb) referred to at opening of 
these pages, and the Catalogue describes it thus: 

I/jng enough before ever he saw it, common report of its charms had 
whetted Teigue Dall's desire to visit Maguire's residence by the blue hills : 
so much so that his dreams were of the place. The time comes wheu he 
turns his face that way, and while he is yet for off blithe uproar of the 
chase greets him : in wood and afield wolfdog and greyhound severally 
work; nearer, the horses of the foet in great numbers are at exercise and 
their speed is tried. Abreast of the mansion the masts of a flotilla stand 
tip as it were a grove along the shore. The wayfarer arrives, enters, and 
(great as were his expectations) the scene strikes him :— in the courtyard 
gentlemen of Clan-CoUa dispense largesse; the hall is crowded with 
minstrels and with poets; in another apartment ladies and their women 
embroider rare tissues and weave golden webs ; yet elsewhere fighting mes 
abound (indeed more or less they pervade the whole edifice), while as they 

• See Page 430 and Catalogue of Irish Manuscripts, referring to Poemi 
by Bliad Teigfue O'Higgin (Ronaventura in relig^ion) O'Hosey Gilla Brigde, 
who also wrote a plea for the fusion of silo g Colla) the seed of CoUa) 
under one head, who should be the reigning Maguire (Cuchonart art. 90 
son of Cuchonnacht ''the Coarb" son of Cuchonnacht More mac Brian). 
This last never was ''Maguire." He was slain in 1484 in a clan battle, 
which cost the losers 20 killed and 10 prisoners. In 1527 the "Coarb" was 
in orthodox style inaugfurated by O'Donnell, and in 1537 slain on the Friars' 
island of Crcchan in Lough Erne by the race of Thomas and Turlough 
Maguire. The inextricable feud began on the 25 of August, 1484, when 
Gillpatrick, son of the actual Maguire Edmond Mac Thomas) was by his 
own five brothers slain in treason at the altar of the church of Achadh 
urchair [Aghalurcher], immediately upon which two Magniires were 
proclaimed flV Masters ad. an. p. 1130.3 

+ Inaugurated on the death of his brother Shane, 29th Sept. 1566 ; went 
to Dublin for Perrot's Parliament, but did not sit ; described in the Four 
Masters as a lord in his munificence towards churches, professors, soldiers, and. 
their attendants; a learned and a studious adapt |in I<atiu and in Irish. Hi* 
letters are in Latin (e.g. Aug. 28th, 1586). 


sit in their own special quarters, over each man's head his arms han 
liandy on the wall. Of Wrights [masons and carpenters] a. whole regiment is 
* -re— of artificers, alio, that finish [or bind as with silver] beakers— of 
smiths that forge weapons ; mantles and rugs are taking crimson stain, 
swords are tempered to a right blue, spearheads riveted to shafts; "pledges" 
hostages] are enlarged, others again brought in ; gallant men hurt are 
tended by the leech ; brave men uninjured are being damaged ;• all manner 
of valuables are given away and more pour in; a spell of this particular 
day [seal do'n 16 sin] is passed in listening to romances, in comparing of 
genealogies; another while being devoted to fluid refection with 
accompaniment of music. Now all disperse till supper time, and so much 
there is to see and to hear that the full day seems bjt an hour. As ever, 
the y sit in due order, Maguire in the chief [central] place, Teigue at his 
right hand. Bedtime is there: for the gentlemen couches are strewed, 
coverlets of d^wn provided. After but a short nap the guest is aware that 
his host, surrounded by picked men in harness, is on the move. Before 
day break one party took to javelin and to spear; others saddle the 
horses, and with the point of dawn they ride ; by and by they return 
successful. That day many a woman's wail for husband that is not goes 
up beside I,ough Erne, and many a prisoner with his face slashed is led in. 
Now are there in the fort things of price that in the morning were not 
theirs, and hard by the same graze cattle that yesternight were tar away; 
all of which makes a very harvest for the poets, who have no whit of 
false delicacy in the reaping. Lastly he tears himself from Maguire, who 
is as reluctant to bid him go : never will he forget the day of his farewell, and 
the universal judgment of bards is that Maguire's fame is not greater than 
the reality. 


Brian Maguire had 2,500 acres at Tempodessel in 1611, 
according to Lord Carew, and a note was made that all the tenants 
did plough after the Irish manner — namely by the tail, which 
Arthur Young found people doing in County Cavan in 1777. He 
said that they do so every season. "Nothing can put them beside 
them, and they insist that take a horse tired in traces, and put 
him to work by the tail, he will draw better; quite fresh again. 
Indignant reader this is no jest of mine, but cruel, stubborn, 
barbarous truth ! It is so all over Cavan." A heavy penalty of 
10s was provided for in 1612 to suppress this barbarous practice, 
which in 1612 brought in £870 from all Ulster. 

This Brian Maguire was son of Old Cuconnaght. It was 
Brian's grandson, Cuconnaght More, who raised a regiment for 
James II. and died at Aughrim. There is a tradition in his family 
that a follower of his named O'Durnian cut the head off the 
body with his sword, and brought it to Devenish in a bag to be 
buried. The great grandson of this Cuconnaght More was Mr. 
Hugh Maguire of Tempo, described by the Four Masters as " one 
of the most puissant, high-minded, and accomplished gentlemen 
that ever came of the Maguire family." It was this Mr. Hugh 

• Punishment of malefactors must oe intended here. 


MagTiire who entertained lavishly, who mortgaged the Tempo 
estates, and left his family in great distress. 

There were two principal families of Maguire in Fermanagh 
in the seventeenth century, writes the late Earl of Belmore, 
viz., the Lords of Bnniskillen and the Maguires of Tempo, 
descended from a common ancestor, Thomas Maguire. [At page 
77 of the Phillips- Betham M.S. I find as follows :—" The true 
successor [i.e., living in 1718-19] of the Lords of Inniskillen is 
Theophilus, son of Philip, son of Rory y® son of Bryan Roe, 
who was y^ first of y® family created Lord of Inniskillin by Queen 
Elizabeth as before intimated."] The peerage was really granted 
by King Charles I. 3rd March, 1627-8. 

The Maguire pedigree is not free from difficulties, and 
there are differences of opinion as to which was the elder branch. 
On comparing authorities (Betham, Burke, O'Ferrall, Dalton, and 
Webb), the following descent from a common ancestor, Thomas 
Mor Maguire, living in 1400 a.d., died 1430, down to the time of 
Theophilus, seems to be at least probable. 

I. Thomas Mor married Margaret O'Neill. 
The Lords of Enniskillen Branch. The Tempo Branch. 

2. Thomas Ogc 2, Philip 

3. Connor 3. Bryan 

4. Connor Oge 4. Constantine or Cuconnagh 

5. Connor Roe (Knight), d. 1625 5. Constantine 

6. Bryan (ist Baron), d. 1633 6. do. ,, {d. 1589), w, Naula O'Donnell 

7. Connor (1st Bar ), 7, i^'ory, d. i648 7. Hugh (Knight), Constantine Bryan 

d. 1644. killed by St. (rf. 12th of Tempo 

8. Connor (3rd Baron). 8. Rorv Oge (5th I/Cger, T59g. Aug, {d 24th 

Baron) and 1600 in Cork, 1608) Apr., 16^5 

Philip, sons of 8. Hugh, d.v.p. 

Rory above. 9. Cuconnaght 

g. Hugh (4th Baron). 9 Alexander and (killed at 

d.s.p. Bryan, sons of Aughrim, and 

Rory Ogre rf.z;.^. July, 1691). 
and Theophilus, 
son of Philip 

An electioneering incident which Lord Belmore also notices is 
in connection with the election for the county of Fermanagh 
in 1613. It appears from the Calendar of State Papers (Jac. 
i, 1611-14) that a petition was lodged on 31 May, 1613, against 
the return of Sir Henry Folliott and Sir John Davies, alleging 

•' Connor Roe McGwire and Donnell McGwire were elected ; notwithstanding 
the Sheriff falsely returned Sir Henry Folliott aud Sir John Davys, who have no 
residence there. Captain Goare pulled the beard from the face of Brene Thomas 
McGwire, for giving his voice with Connor Roe and Donnell McGwire (page 

The result is mentioned (page 440, No. 871) 12 November, 

"The Commissioners examined witnesses on both parts, and for anything 
appearing to them, the Sheriff made a just return of Sir Henry Foliott and Su- 



Jokn Davys. Concerning^ the force said to have been used, it is confessed on 
oath by Bryan Majfuire, whose beard was said to be pulled from his face, that 
Captain Gore * did shake him by the beard, but pulled no part of it away, nor 
did him any hurt." 



When Sir Hugh Maguire recited his grievances in the 
reign of Elizabeth, 1553, he presented them as follows : — 

1. His predecessors have been of long time loyal subjects. When Fer- 
managh came into his hands he beg-ai therein a most dutiful course of 
obedience ; and when first he went [to Dublin] after being placed in his 
father's room, the late lord deputy and council gave him special letters ot 
favour, that neither the Bingham s nor his other bordering neighbours, should 
molest him but assist him in his lawtul causes. Yet Sir Richard Bingham, 
and the rest of his name in Connaught, came with forces and arms into 
his country burned it, killed divers men, women and children, and took 
from him 3,000 cowes. besides 500 garrans and mares and certain women 
prisoners whom he was fain to ransom. 

2. Magwire sent letters to the lord dejjuty and council to desire 
restitution, and they addressed letters to Sir Richard Bingham and the rest 
for causing amends to be made ; but the said Binghams came forthwith into 
Fermanagh at two several times, and preyed Magwire of 6,000 cows, besides 
much murder. 

3. Captain Henshawe, seneschal of Monaghan, came several times with 
his forces to places in Fermauagh, called Clankally and Cowle [now the 
baronies of Clankelly and Coole], captured 3,000 cowa, and killed men, 
women, and children ; but Sir William Fitzwilliam caused no redress 

4. In the several sheriffships of Sir Henry Duke and Sir Edward Harbert in 
Co. Cavan,they killed and preyed Magwire's tenants in Knockclangorie, the 
Cowle, and other places, to his and their damages of 3,000/. ster. 

5. Afterwards, the said lord deputy being in Monaghan, Magwire obtained 
faithful oath and promise that he should not be charged with sheriffs or other 
officers inre^fard o his -coming to do obedience, for one whole year ; for which 
grant he paid as a bribe to his lordship and others 300 beoffs [fat cattle], besides 
150 beoffs to the marshal [Bagenall] ; but Captain Willis, having Captain 
Fuller's band and other companies with him, was sent with commission to be 
sheriff" there, and preyed the country. They cut off the head of the son of 
Edmond McHugh McGwyre, and hurled it from place to place as a football 
These hard courses compelled him to entertain forces to expulse the said 
Willis, and his companies, whereupon ensued the proclaiming of himself and 
his followers, and their banishment out of the country. 

And when he craved terms of peace, this Sir Hugh 

"that his disloyalty proceeded not from any conspiracy with any domestic 
or foreign enemy, or of malace towards his majesty, but through hard 
usages: yet he craves pardon for himself and his country i. He will yield 
the usual rents and services. 2. He craves that himself and all the inhabi- 
tants of his country may have free liberty of conscience. 3. That no garrison 
may be placed m Fermanagh, but that for the government thereof the like 
course may be taken as shall be for M. Mahon's country [Monaghan], or 
other parts of the Irishry." 

But it was too late. Queen Elizabeth had decided 
against the Ulster lords. Then followed the war, the battles 

• Afterwards Sir Paul Gore, ancestor of the Earl of Ross (title extinct) and 
of the Earl of Arran, and Sir Joselyn Gore-Booth, and Lord Harlech, 


of Clontibret, Benburb, and in the Curlew mountains ; and 
last of all the Flight of the Barls on the 3rd of September, 



Ths Pi^antation in Irki,and. 

The following is portion of the Scotch proclamation 
respecting the taking of land in Ireland in 1609, for which 
application was made : 

Forsameikle as the Kingis Maiestie haueing resolued to reduce and setle 
vnder a perfyte obedience the north pairt of the Kiiigdome of Ireland, which 
now by the providence of Almichtie God, and by the power and strenth of his 
Maiesties royal army, is fred and disburdynit of the former rebellious and 
dissobedient ihhabitantis thairof, wha, in the justice of God, to thair scharne 
and confusion ar overthrawin, his Maiestie, for this effect, hes taue a verie 
princelie and good course, alswell for establischeing of religoun, iustice, and 
ciuilitie within the saidis boundis, as for planting of coloneis thairin, and 
distributeing of the same boundis to lauchfuU, ansuerable, and weill affected 
subiectis, vpoun certane easie, tollerable, and profitable conditionis, and 
although thair be no want of erite nomberis of the cuutrey people of England, 
who, with all glaidnes, wald imbrace the saidis conditionis, and transport 
thame selffis, with thair famileis, to Yreland, and plenische the saidis haill 
boundis sufl5cientlie with inhabitantis, yit, his sacred maiestie, out of his 
vnspeikable love and tender affectioun toward his maiesteis antient and 
native subiectis of this kingdome, quhome his heynes wald haue to com- 
municate with the fortunes of his saidis subiectis of England, hes bene 
pleasit to mafc chose of thame to be partinaris with his saidis subiectis of 
England, in the distributioun foirsaid Thairfore ordanis lettres to be direct 
to mak publicatioun heirof be oppin proclamatioun at all placeis neidfull, 
aad to wame all his maiesteis subiectis of this kingdome quho or deposit 
to tak ony land in Yreland, That they come to the lyordis of his Maiesteis 
prevy counsale and present thair desyris and petitionis to the saidis lordis, 
be qnhome they salbe acquentit with the particular conditionis to be per- 
formed be thame for thair land. 

4th July, 1609. The quhilk day in presence of the lordis of secrite counsale 
comperit personalie Robert Montgomerie, of Kirktoun, and maid humble sute 
vnto the saidis lordis That he might be ressaued and inrolled as one of the 
vndertakeris in the intendit plantation and distribution of the forfeyted and 
escheated landis ol the prvomce of Vlstcr for Twa thousand aikeris of the 
eaid land vpoun suirtie and band to be given be him for the performance 
of the haill articles and conditionis set down be the King his most excellent 


HUGH montgome;ry of dkrrybrusk, 

Among those who desired to be so "ressaued and inrolled" 
as one of the undertakers of the escheated lands was Hugh 
Montgomery. This settler prospered in worldly affairs after his 
coming to Fermanagh. 

The author of the Montgomery Manuscripts says :— ' He was in esteem with 
cur two viscounts [of Ards] as being come of Braidstane, and his Coat Armoriall 
is the same with the beareing of the old lairds of Braidstane, with the distinction 
of a Cadet, bnt the kindred I know not ; the coat is the same with Bishop 
Gcorj^e. Sr. James Montgomery [nephew of the Bishop], when he courted his 

255$ ii APPKNDIX. 

2nd lady [Margaret, Sir Wm. Cole's daughter], stayed several nights in thte 
Hugh's -house ; and the morning he was Bridegroom, went from thence, being 
attended by him and many Montgomerys (his tenants, all well-mounted), of 
which surname I saw near one hundred living within the 12 tates of Derrybrosk, 
when I was ther.' When William Montgomery was there, he stayed at the 
house of this Hugh's grandson, also named Hugh, and residing at a seat called 
Derrygonnelly, near Derrybrosk, and having for his wife the granddaughter 
and heiress of Sir John Dunbarr. This lady had brought him as her dowry 
Sir John Dunbar's estate, of which Derrygonnelly was the chief mansion-houae. 
(See Montgomery Manuscripts, p. 389.) 

The original residence, Derrybrosk, was situate in the southern district of 
the parish of that name, and was superseded [1877] by a much larger and 
handsomer house, [lunishmore Hall,] the seat of a family named Deering, 
and subsequently of Mr. Richard Hall, the last of the Halls of Enniskillen town. 
The grounds are beautiful, and distant about four miles south-east from 
Enniskillen. The Derrygonnelly mansion stood at or near the site of the 
present village of that name, in the parish of Inismacsaint, and about seven 
miles north-west from Enniskillen. 



(From Life of Sir John Perrott, Lord Deputy (circa 1572-1578). 

"The People . . . desired to hold theye Landes by 
Tenure from hir Majestic, to have theyr contries divided into 
Shier Grounde, and accordingly to live under peaceable 

. "Where the corrupt Costume of Taniste and Captence 
was the the Roote of all the Barbarisme and Disorder in 
Ireland, if the same were conserted to state of Inheritance. 
Men would more willingly buyld, plant, and preserve for their 
Posterity ; wheras no Man careth but for his owne time, and 
thereafter spondeth and spoileth first his own, and then his 
Neighbours. This people being brough to see theyr own.e 
Error, did desier more dayly to hold theyr Land* by English 
Tenure, offering to make Sarrenders, but the Lord Deputy did 
not accept the same (as he approved) because he had noe 
perfect Warrant to make them any Estates back agayne. 
Therfore, he besought the Lords of the Privey Counsell to 
procure from his Majestie such a Warrant (whereof there had 
byn a former President) that thereby her Majestie 's Profitt 
together with the Good of the State might grow in time by 
these Tenures."— Page 177-178. 

Also we have this statement : — 
"did reduce all Ulster into shiers, using the Advice of 
the severalle Lords for binding of the same and soe made fix 
new Shiers, where never any was before the least of them 
being xxiiij Myles over at the least." 

In 1588 Sir John Perrott "sent for the Chiefe Lords of 
eaxjh contry requiring them to put in Pledges for the 


Mayntenance of Peace [against a Spanish invasion], and 
defending the Realme agaynst forayne Invasion, 

and the two pledges for " MacGwere and his Contry 
were (1) Owen MacHugh and (2) James MacManus." 

and Sir John then left Ireland in peace, and the new 
Lord Deputy, Sir William Fitzwilliams, declared — 

I must Tie«des confess that I Guide the Contrie quiett, and all Thingss here 
in good Order. I pray God that I may leave it halfe so well, and then I shall 
tbiake that I have done my Queene and Contrie good Service. 

I^'OTE L. 


The 8epts of Fermanagh were of a more peaceful 
temperament than other tribesmen, and more given to learning 
than to the sword. Sir John Davys says that they were 
reputed to be "the worst swordsmen of the north," and 
** rather inclined to be scholars or husbandmen than men of 
action." For this reason Sir Hugh Maguire drew his soldiers 
from Breffny O'Reilly [Co. Cavan] or Connaught. 

At the time of the Plantation, so placid was the Fer- 
managh temperament, that we are told "there was no man 
that pretended any title against the Crown, and there were 
very few who seemed unsatisfied with their portions assigned 
Tinto them only Connor Roe McGuyre, who has an entire 
barony, and the best barony in Fermanagh alloted unto him, 
seemed ill contented with his allotment ; yet he did oppose 
the Sheriff when he gave possession to the undertakers of 
lands wherein himself was then possessed ; but affirmed he 
would forthwith pass into England, and there become a suitor 
for better conditions." 

We are left uninformed as to whether Connor Roe ever 
did go to England for such a purpose ; and before the whole 
assignments were over he got even less than a barony, and 
had cause to complain of a breach of English faith. 

Sir John Davys reported in 1600 that some Fermanagh 
middlemen claimed to be free holders of their several possessions, 
and that having received the King's pardon for their part in 
the rebellion, had never been attainted and stood upright in 
law. Days, however, speaking of the free lands of the third 
kind, chroniclers, galloglasses, and rimers, amounting to about 
two ballitetaghs, said that they belonged to men who were 
enemies to the British Government, and the lands might be 
added to the demesne lands of the chief lords. 



I have not been able to obtain any picture of the 
liouses of the local minor gentry of the 17th century. The 
major gentry lived in their castles, of which there are illus- 
trations, and the minor gentry lived in dwellings which would 
be regarded now as ordinary farmhouses, or perhaps not so 
^ood as the better class farmer of to-day occupies. Mr. 

* .OroAco* 


(Frcm ikt Bayeaux Tapestry.) 

Xithgpw's description (page 195 of this volume) says that "the 
residences of the gentry were, as a rule, extremely mean in 
appearance and that most of them were thatched." 

As to the wickerwork houses (also referred to by him) 
the only representation I can find is the picture given here 
irom^the Bayeaux tapestry. 

The Oath of loyalty to the Commonwealth as against the 
Xing, ran — "I ... do hereby declare that I renounce the 


pretended title of Charles Stuart and the whole line of the 
late King James, and of every other person pretending to the 
Oovernment of the nations of England and Scotland and 
Ireland, and the dominions and territories thereunto belonging; 
and that I will, by the grace and assistance of Almighty God, 
be true and faithful to this Commonwealth against any King, 
single person, and house of peers, and everyone of them, and 
thereunto I subscribe my name." 

The Oath of Allegiance contained a promise "to be true 
and faithful to the King and his heirs, and truth and faith to 
l)ear of life and limb and terrene honour, and not to know 
or hear of any ill or damage intended him without defending 
him therefrom (Blackstone). 

The Black Oath bound those who took it never to oppose 
Charles in anything. 




Acheson, Colonel 252 

Adwick 148 

Agharainey 117 

Aghalurcher 143 

Aghalane Castle 148 

Aldrith, Edward 125 

Archdale, John 122 123 182 

Archdall, Miss Angel 123 

Archdall, Edward 124 

Archdale's town 125 130 

Archdale, William 125 127 

Archdall, Col. Ed. 125 
Archdall Capt. J. Montgomery 125 

Archdall, Col. Mervyn 126 

Archdall, General 126 

Archdale, Mervyn, M.P. 126 

Archdale, Col. J. Blackwood 127 

Archdale, Nicholas 127 257 

Archdale, Ed. Mervyn 127 

Archdale, John Porter 257 

Armstrongs of Lisgoole 21 

Armstrongs (see Muster Roll) 200 

Arney and Rory Maguire 232 

Assizes, the First, 25 29 

Atkinson, Roger 181 

Augher 116 

Balfour, Anna 140 

Balfour, Michael 143 147 

Balfour, Sir James 144 

Balfour, Charles 146 

Ball, Henry 188 

Ballygawley 140 

Ballymacmanus 256 

Ballyshannon 84 

Ballyshannon Castle 144 

Ballyshannon, Relief of 263 

Bannaghmore, Manor of 180 

Barton, Capt. Chas. R. 130 

Barton, Thomas 130 182 

Battle Book The 36 

Beattys (see Muster Roll) 200 

Beauty of Fermanagh 269 

Belcoo 233 

Belturbet Meeting in 1650 241 

Belleisle 256 

Best, Allan 196 
Bingham Sir George, March 

into Ulster 57 

Bingley, Sir |Ralph 179 
Biscuits, Ford of the battle of 70 
Bishop McMahon's Successes 242 

Black Oath 281 

Blennerhasset, Thos. 127 128 129 

Blennerhasset, Henry 131 128 

Blennerhasset, Leonard 129 
Blennerhasset, Phoebe, Mary 

and others 129 

Blennerhesset, Sir Ed. 130 136 

Blennerhasset, Francis 136 

Borough Charter 171 

Book of Invasions 18 

Bower Lane 270 

Boyne Viscount 256 

Brad dell, Mrs. 115 

Brian family, Monea 115 

Bridges 195 196 

Brien, Mr. John 142 

Browne, Mr. Fred R. 137 

Browning, Philip 188 

Browning, Wm. 188 

Brooke, Capt. Basil 179 

Brooke, Sir Henry 179 
Brooke, Sir Arthur, Sir Victor 

and Sir Basil 180 

Burgesses, Enniskillen 167 

Burgess Acre 168 

Burgage Acres 179 

Burfield, Ferdinand 182 

Burrowes, Doctor Provost 187 

Butler, Sir Stephen 147 

Byas, David 123 

Caldwell, Sir James 125 

Caldwell James 136 

Calvert, Robert 181 

Camomile, Hill 190 

Camp Meeting (footnote) 8 

Capt. Cole purchases 154 

Carew, Lord Deputy 3 4 

Carleton Lancelot 130 

Carleton family 141 

Carrowshee 147 
Castle Atkinson, the Massacre 

1641 109 117 

Castletown Estate 114 

Castle Archdale 121 

Castle Tully 132 



Castle Hume 133 

Castle Hume Camp 135 

Castlecaldwell 136 

Castle of Monea 137 

Castle Tullymargie 140 

„ Tullykelter 140 

Castletown Village 141 

Castlebalfour 142 

Castleskeagh 144 

Castle, Bnniskillen 191 

Castle of Enniskillcn giren 

to Coote 241 

Castle, Maguires 193 

Cathcart, David 138 

Cathcart, Gabriel 138 

Cathcart, Malcolm 138 

Cathcart, Anna 138 

Cathcart, Adam, 138 140 

Catholics help each other 260 
Ceash or Letterkeen 129 

Chalice of I^isgoole 20 

Chambers, Mat. 138 

Chanter Hill 190 

Charles I. 226 

Chichester, Sir Arthur, Lord 

Deputy 2 163 

Children of the Abbey 22 

Churchill 133 

Church and^ Cemetery 178 

Claim of Irish Chief 269 

Clarke, Thomas 123 

Clements, Rt. Hon. N. 257 

Clifton Ivodge 145 

Cole, Capt. Wm.— Warden of 
Lough Erne 9 

As servitor 10 169 

Cole, Capt. William gets 

Enniskillen Castle 74 79 163 
Cole, Sir William and Re- 
bellion 1641 99, 100, 191, 252 




Cole, John 
Cole, Sir John 
Cole, Sir Michael 
Cole, Dame Susan 
CoUas, The Three 
Complaints of Ulster Chiefs 
Commissioners of Plantation 
Commissioners Inquiry, 

Castle Hume 
Commons, Enniskillen 169 
Confederation forces at 

Confederation of Kilkenny 

do Bishop M'Mahon 

Cooper, Will 

Confiscation by 

Cormick, John 
Cornagrade, Manor of 
Corporation, The 
Corporation, First 
Corporation, Officers of 
Corporation Records 
Corporation Court 
Corry, James 

Counties, Formation of 
Court Baron 
Court Leet 
Court of Piepowder 
Cowper Maurice 
Cox William 
Cranston, Thos. 
Crawford, Wm. 
Creaghts, The Irish 
Creighton, Col. Abraham 


62 254 


Creightons (see Muster Roll) 200 

Cathcart do 200 

Calwell do 

Campbell do 

Clarke do 

Carrothers do 

Crawford do 

Crevenish Castle 99 

Creevalea Abbey 

Crichton, Thos. 

Crichton, Rev. Geo. 

Crom Castle 

Cunningham, Gabriel 

Dane, Paul 

Davis, Matt, and Ed. 

Davis, Sir John 

Dawson, V.S., James 

Depositions in Trinity Col- 
lege 100 


Devenish Abbey 

Dowdall, Capt. 

Drumane, Battle of 

Devenish, Inquisition The at 
do do 1614 

do Jury at 1609 

Diary at Hamilton Castle 

Doe, John 

Dow, Mr. John 

Doyle, Malachy 

Drainage Works 












Dromahaire Castle 253 

259 Flower, Henry 


Dromclea, grant of 

166 j 

Folliott, Lord 144 




Folliott, Capt., Ballyihannon 




Fosterage, Maguire Children 


Dnimcose Manor 

133 1 

Fowler, Wm. 


Dnimclay, Townland 


Fowall, Henry 




Free Burgesses 


Drumkeen, Manor of 


Freemen 183 


Drumragh Manor 


Freedom of Corporation 


Drumskea Proportion 


Frith, John A. 


Dunbar, Richard 


Frith, Tohn B. 


Dunbar, Richard 126 


Frith, James 



Frith, Moses 


Dunbar, Alexander 


Funeral Fatality, Devenish 


Dundas (see Muster Roll 




Gabbet, Capt. 


Galbraith, Wm. 


East Ford 179 


Galbraith, Humphrey 


Eccarsall and Siege of Bnnis 


Gait, Wm. 




Gait, Miss 


Ederney 128 


Gallows' Green 


Eel Weirs 


Gallows at Manorhamilton 


Electioneering in 1613 




Ely, Marquis of 


Garrison, Iron Works 


Ely, Lady 


George, St. George, Sir 


Ely Lodge 


Gibbet of the Maguire 


Elliott, Daniel 


Gibbs, James 


Elliotts (see Muster Roll) 


Glenawley, Lord 


Enniskillen Castle, taken bj 

Glenawley, barony to native 

English 79, 191, 192, 193 




Enniskillen demolished by 

Golden Hostages 




Gore, Sir Paul 


Eric of SherijBF 


Gore, Sir William 


Erne, Lough 


Gore Manor 


Ewart, James 


Gore, Sir Ralph 


Gordon, Sir Robert 


Fairs, Enniskillen 


Goodfellow, John 


Farney, Battle of 


Grahams (see Muster Roll) 


Favourable Interpretation 

Gregg do 




Green, John, Esq. 


Fermanagh (desolate) 


Greene, Wm. 


Fermanagh Families (see 

Greer, Col. 


Muster Roll) 


Grierson, Mrs. 


Fermanagh Freeholders Loyal 279 

Guild of Merchants 


Fermanagh People 


Gutridge, Richard 


Ferrall, Mr. John C. 


Ffolliott, Sir Henry 


Haire, Joseph 


Fire in 1618 


Haire, Hamilton 


Fire in 1705 


Haire, Capt. Henry 


First Sovereign and Corpora 

Haire, James 




Hall Craig 


First Corporation 


Hall, John 


Flack, Rev. Robert 


Hall, Wm. 138 


Flanagan of Toora 


Hamilton Estate 


Flight of the Earls 

2 5 

Hamilton, William 




Hamilton, Bundoran 128 

Hamilton, Sir Robert 138 

Hamilton, Malcolm 138 

Hamilton, Major Malcolm 138 

Hamilton, Rev. Malcolm 138 

Hamilton, Capt. Charles 138 

Hamilton-Jones, T. M. 139 

Hamilton, Col. Sir Gustavus 140 

Hamilton, Malcolm Major 140 

Hamilton, Sir Fredk. 248 251 256 

Hamilton, Sir Francis 251 

Hamilton, Miss Hannah 257 

Hamilton, Sir Frederick 258 

Hamilton (see Muster Roll) 200 

Hangings at Manorhamilton 264 

Harrison, Capt. 233 

Hassett Castle 129 

Henderson (see Muster Roll) 200 

Henshawe, Captain 276 

HoUoway Humphrey 117 
Hospitality Enniskillen Castle 273 

Houses and Bridges 194 

Hudson, Sir Walter 188 

Hudson, Lutternal 188 

Hume, Capt. Patk. 113 115 
Hume, Sir John 125 132 137 256 

Hume, Sir Geo. 134 

Hume, Sir Gustavus 134 

Humes, James 136 

Hunning 130 

Hunningstown 130 

Hunning, Henry 181 

Inish Kellin, Castle on island, 

site of shire town 7 9 

Inish-kellin, Castle beseiged 59 

Inquisitions, juries on 222 

Invasions, Book of 18 
Irish Rebellion 1641, warning 

of 248 

Irvine, Mr. Christopher 130 

Irvine, Dr. Chris. 131 

Irvine, Sir Gerard 131 

Irvine, Col. Christopher 131 

Irvine, Mr. Wm.,Ballindullagh 131 

Irvine, Col. John Gerard 131 

Irvine, Major Gerard 131 

Irvinestown 181 132 

Irvine, Henry M. D'Arcy 132 

Irvine, Capt. W. D'Arcy 132 

Irvine, Major C. C. D'Arcy 132 

Irvine, Major H., Provost 188 189 

Irwin (see Muster Roll) 200 
Irvine, do 

Irvine, Capt. Gerard at Derry 245 

Irvine Capt., his escape 247 248 

Johnston, Mr., of Lisgoole 23 

Johnson, Wm. 123 

Johnston, (Old Lurg) 123 

Johnston, Walter 123 

Johnston, James 123 

Jolinston, Capt. James C. 123 

Johnston, John 124 

Johnston, Goblusk and others 124 

Johnston, Mr. John 135 

Johnston, Arthur, Recorder 183 

Johnston, Thos. 188 

Johnstons, (see Muster Roll) 200 

Jurors on Inquisitions 222 

Jury at Devenish 87 

King, Robert 




King, Richard 






Kirkpatricks (see Muster Roll) 200 
Kilkenny, Confederation 

of 235 236 

Kilskeery 243 

King, Major 243 

Knockninny 38 

Last Prince of Fermanagh 70 

Larkfield 258 

Letters of 1641 258 

Le Tournal, Thos. 188 

Lisnaskea and Maguire chiefs 54 

Lisgoole, 11 &c. 161 

,, Massacre 118 

Lisgoole Fair and Market 233 

Lisblake 234 

Lisnaskea burnt 146 

Lindsey, Jerome 153 

Lithgow, Mr. 194 

List Fermana^ i names 200 

Lisnarick 125 129 103 

Lord Maguire 's ^'^ill 19 

Lowther, Sir Gerard 113 130 

Lowtherstown , , 1 19 

,, Leaseholders 119 

Lowther Manor 130 

Lowther Henry 131 

Loftus, Lord of Ely 134 

Ludlow, General 145 

Margaret's Gutter 8 

Magheraboy, Description 10 

Maguire, Cuconaght 3 4 

Maguire, the chiefry 60 






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