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Full text of "History of Franklin County : a collection of reminiscences of the early settlement of the county : with biographical sketches and a complete history of the county to the present time"

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REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



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ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



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HISTORY 



FRANKLIN COUNTY: 



A COLLECTION OP 



REMINISCENCES OF THE EARLY SETTLEMENT 
OF THE COUNTY ; 



iiojjrajjljical &&&{$ 



AND A COMPLETE 



HISTORY OF THE COUNTY TO THE PRESENT TIME. 



BY WILLIAM T. MARTIN. 



COLUMBUS: 

PUBLISHED BY FOLLETT, FOSTER & COMPANY 

1858. 



INTRODUCTION 

A wag once said, "Hindsight has 20/20 vision." If that 
be true, we who are interested in the study of history should 
have the best eyesight in town. 

In deciding to re-publish William T. Martin's HISTORY 
OF FRANKLIN COUNTY, the Linden Heights Kiwanis 
Club is in hopes that there will be a great deal of value and 
respect added to the contemporary residents of the County 
through the realization that Columbus and its environments 
were not an "instant town" where the story of its early years 
was a string of accidental happenings. 

Strong in the air was the will to survive and hard-core 
patriotism was just as difficult to maintain then as now. 

To the younger generations who are impatient for per- 
fection, we say, "look back and realize you are a small but 
important part of the continuing story of a great commun- 
ity. Train yourself to be politically aware and our form of 
government will serve you well." 

"As you involve yourselves in the lives of the founding 
fathers, remember, it was the overwhelming challenge that 
kept them going — as it must be today." 

November, 1969 — Richard L. Paugh 

Project Chairman 
Linden Heights Kiwanis Club 
Columbus, Ohio 



1S10448 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Chapter I. Early settlement until 1803 ..... 1 

II. From 1803 until the founding 

of Columbus 8 

III. Franklin County from 1812 to 1858 . . 38 

IV. Newspapers 57 

V. Turnpikes & Plank Roads 70 

VI. The Columbus Canal 84 

VII. Poor House, or Infirmary 89 

VIII. Agriculture & Horticulture Societies . . 96 

IX. John Brickell— His Captivity .... 105 

X. Jeremiah Armstrong — His Captivity . . 122 

XI. Public Officers 136 

XII. Masons & Odd Fellows 163 

XIII. Franklin Township 173 

XIV. Sharon Township 179 

XV. Montgomery Township 186 

XVI. Pleasant Township 192 

XVII. Hamilton Township 197 

XVIII. Washington Township 202 

XIX. Madison Township 206 

XX. Truro Township 213 

XXI. Plain Township 220 

XXII. Mifflin Township 226 

XXIII. Clinton Township 230 

XXIV. Blendon Township 235 

XXV. Jefferson Township 239 

XXVI. Norwich Township 243 



XXVII. Jackson Township 247 

XXVIII. Prairie Township 251 

XXIX. Perry Township 255 

XXX. Brown Township 260 

XXXI. Columbus (1812-1817) 263 

XXXII. Columbus (1817-1834) 292 

XXXIII. Columbus (1834-1857) 307 

XXXIV. The Old State House 333 

XXXV. Penitentiary 346 

XXXVI. Churches of Columbus 364 

XXXVII. Columbus Cemeteries 389 

XXXVIII. Literary Institutions 398 

XXXIX. Ladies Benevolent & Mechanics Societies . 407 

XL. State Benevolent Institutions .... 412 

XLI. Tragedies 421 

XLII. Manufacturing in 1858 429 

XLIII. Post Office & City Officers 438 

XLIV. State Officers 447 



PREFACE. 



It is the design of this Work to preserve for the peo- 
ple of Franklin County an imperishable record of its 
early history — now existing only in the memory of the 
more aged settlers, and in scattering and detached 
papers and records, which are every year wasting away. 

To write the history of a single county, may to some 
appear like a very small business ; while to others it is 
considered very desirable that some one should do so in 
every county. How else are the names and memory of 
our early settlers and friends to be preserved? And 
who is there that would not be pleased to look back, or 
to have his children look back, upon some record of his 
early days, and of departed friends? And how else 
should strangers, settling among us, so readily obtain a 
knowledge of our institutions and public characters, as 
by some such local publication ? 

It has been the writer's object in this compilation, to 
give a correct statement of all events worthy of remem- 



IV PREFACE. 

brance, with their proper dates, so as to form a book of 
ready reference, such as will be convenient and inter- 
esting to all residents of the county. For this purpose, 
he has relied upon public records and documents, where 
they could be obtained ; and in all other cases, upon the 
best information that could be derived from early and 
intelligent settlers of the city and county, aided by his 
own personal knowledge. 

It is but a little over sixty years since the first settle- 
ment was commenced — more than two-thirds of that 
time the writer has been a resident of the county. 
Over twenty years ago, while on terms of intimacy and 
daily intercourse with some of the very first settlers, he 
compiled a small pamphlet entitled "Franklin County 
Register," a few copies of which were printed; and 
which may be considered as the basis of this work. In 
that way he obtained and preserved the recollections of 
those pioneer friends. 

And now, as some of the matter contained in these 
pages has heretofore appeared in different prints, to 
avoid the charge of plagiarism, it is but necessary to 
say, that when Mr. Wheeler published his map of Frank- 
lin County, in 1842, he accompanied it with a very small 
pamphlet, historical and descriptive of the county, which 
was taken wholly from the Franklin County Register, 
without giving credit ; and when Mr. Howe published 



PREFACE. V 

his "Historical Collections of Ohio," in 1847, he copied 
from Wheeler's pamphlet, and gave credit to it. It may 
not be amiss, also, to add that the " Brief History of 
Columbus," accompanying Mr. Armstrong's " Columbus 
Business Directory," published in 1843, was also pre- 
pared by the writer hereof, -which maybe an apology 
for the free use of it in this work. 

To suppose that this publication contains no errors or 
omissions, would be folly in the extreme. But the wri- 
ter has labored assiduously to have it as free from errors 
as possible. And to those who have kindly rendered 
him assistance in the collection of facts, he tenders his 
grateful acknowledgments. 

W. T. MARTIN. 

Columbus, May, 1858. 



HISTORY OF FRANKLIN COUNTY. 



CHAPTER I. 



FROM THE FIRST SETTLEMENT UNTIL THE ORGANIZATION OF 
THE COUNTY, IN 1803. 

The first settlement of the territory now composing 
the county of Franklin, was commenced in the year 
1797, while we were yet under the Territorial Govern- 
ment, and in the County of Ross. 

In the year 1796, or early in '97, Lucas Sullivant, 
from Kentucky, then a young man, with his corps of 
chain-carriers, markers, etc., engaged in the surveying 
of lands and locating warrants, in the Virginia Military 
District, west of the Scioto ; and in the month of Au- 
gust, 1797, he laid out the town of Franklinton. To 
encourage the settlement of the place, he appropriated 
the lots on a certain street, which he named " Gift 
street," as donations to such as would improve them 
and become actual settlers thereon. The settlement of 
the town was soon commenced. Among the first set- 



A HISTORY OF 

tiers, were Joseph Dixon, George Skidmore, John Brick- 
ell,* Robert Armstrong, Jeremiah Armstrong,* William 
Domigan, James Marshal, the Deardurfs, the McElvains, 
the Sells, John Lisle and family, William Fleming, Jacob 
Grubb, Jacob Overdier, Arthur O'Harra, Joseph Foos, 
John Blair and John Dill, the latter from York County, 
Pennsylvania. 

About the year 1801, Mr. Sullivant having married, 
settled in his new town ; and soon after, Lyne Starling 
and Robert Russell, and about the same time, Colonel 
Robert Culbertson, from Shippensburg, Pennsylvania, 
arrived, with his numerous family of sons, sons-in-law 
and daughters, both married and unmarried. He was 
a man of some wealth and distinction, and the first year 
after his arrival, he was elected a Representative to the 
General Assembly for the County of Ross. 

At the first settlement of the county the Indians were 
numerous, but friendly, it being some two or three years 
after Wayne's Treaty ; they were principally of the 
Wyandot tribe, some Delawares, and a few Mingoes. 
In front of where the Penitentiary now stands, they had 
an encampment, with their usual wigwams ; another on 
the west bank of the Scioto, near where the Harrisburg 
bridge is now erected over the river; and they had 

* See Chaps. IX and X, for narrative of Brickell's and Armstrong's 
captivity. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 6 

for years raised corn in what was afterward known as 
Sullivant's Prairie. There was also another encamp- 
ment of this kind two or three miles further down the 
river. 

Agreeably to tradition, about the time Lord Dun- 
more's army was in Pickaway County, prior to the 
treaty at which Logan's celebrated speech was delivered, 
a party from Dunmore's army pursued and overtook a 
party of Indians at, or near, this second named encamp- 
ment, and a skirmish ensued in which the Indians were 
defeated, with the loss of two or three men and a squaw. 
It is said that Captain Minter, afterward of Delaware 
County, and also Mr. John Huffman, formerly of Frank- 
lin County, were of the pursuing party.* 

Next, after the settlement at Franklinton, was a few 
families on Darby, near where Mr. Sullivant laid out his 
town of North Liberty, and a scattering settlement 
along Alum Creek. This was probably about the sum- 
mer of 1799. Among the first settlers on Alum Creek, 
were Messrs. Turner, Nelson, Hamilton, Agler and Reed. 



* In "Howe's Historical Collections,''' an account is given of this 
skirmish somewhat variant from this, in which he says : — " One of the 
whites saw two squaws secrete themselves in a large hollow tree ; and 
when the action was over, they drew them out, and carried them captive 
to Virginia. This tree (he says) was alive, and standing on the west 
bank of the Scioto, as late as 1845." All a mistake. 



4 HISTORY OF 

About the same time improvements were made near 
the mouth of Gahannah (formerly called Big Belly) ; 
and the settlements thus gradually extended along the 
principal water-courses. In the meantime, Franklinton 
was the point to which emigrants first repaired to spend 
some months, or perhaps years, prior to their permanent 
location. 

In 1803, a settlement was commenced about where 
the town of Worthington now stands, by a company, said 
to number forty families, from Connecticut and Massa- 
chusetts, known by the name of the " Scioto Company" 
under the agency of Colonel James Kilbourne, who had 
the preceding year explored the country, and selected 
this situation for them. They purchased here half a 
township, or eight thousand acres of land, all in one 
body,* upon which, in May, 1804, Colonel Kilbourne, as 
agent for the company, laid out the town of Worthing- 
ton ; and in August, 1804, the whole half township 
being handsomely laid out into farm lots, and a plat 
thereof recorded, they, by deed of partition, divided the 
same amongst themselves, and so dissolved the company. 
The parties and signers to this deed of partition, were 
James Allen, David Bristol, Samuel Beach, Alexander 
Morrison, Ebenezer Street, Azariah Pinney, Abner P. 

* They also purchased two quarter townships unconnected with this. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 

Pinney, Levi Pinney, Ezra Griswold, Moses Andrews, 
John Topping, Josiah Topping, Nathan Stewart, John 
Gould, James Kilbourne, Jedediah Norton, Russel Atwa- 
ter, Ichabod Plum, Jeremiah Curtis, Jonas Stanbery, 
Lemuel G. Humphrey, Ambrose Cox, Joel Mills, Glass 
Cochran, Alexander Morrison, jr., Thomas T. Phelps, 
Levi Buttles, Levi Hays, Job Case, Roswell Wilcox, 
William Thompson, Samuel Sloper, Nathaniel Little, 
Lemuel Kilbourn, Israel P. Case, Abner Pinney, and 
William Vining. 

For several years there was no mill nor considerable 
settlement nearer than the vicinity of Chillicothe. In 
Franklinton, the people constructed a kind of hand-mill, 
upon which they generally ground their corn ; some 
pounded it, or boiled it, and occasionally a trip was 
made to the Chillicothe mill. About the year 1799 or 
1800, Robert Balentine erected a poor kind of mill on 
the run near Gay street, on the Columbus plat ; and, 
near the same time, Mr. John D. Rush erected an infe- 
rior mill on the Scioto, a short distance above Franklin- 
ton. They were, however, both poor concerns, and soon 
fell to ruins. A horse-mill was then resorted to, and 
kept up for some time ; but the first' mill of any consid- 
erable advantage to the county, was erected by Colonel 
Kilbourne, near Worthington, about the year 1805. 



D HISTORY OF 

About the same time, Carpenter's mill, on Whetstone, 
in what is now Delaware County, and Dyer's, on Darby, 
were erected. 

About one year probably after the first settlement of 
Franklinton, a Mr. James Scott opened the first small 
store in the place, which added much to the convenience 
of the settlers. And as early as 1803, we find that our 
old and respected townsman, Robert Russell, Esq., was 
engaged in merchandizing in Franklinton. 

During the first years of the settlement it was ex- 
tremely sickly — perhaps as much so as any part of the 
State. For a few of the first years, the fever and ague 
prevailed so generally in the fall seasons as to totally 
discourage many of the settlers ; so that they would, 
during the prevalence of the disease, frequently resolve 
to abandon the country and remove back to the old set- 
tlements. But on the return of health ; the prospective 
advantages of the country ; the noble crops of corn and 
vegetables ; the fine range for stock, and the abundance 
of wild game, deer, turkeys, etc., with which the country 
abounded — all conspired to reanimate them, and en- 
courage them to remain another year. And so on, year 
after year, many of the first settlers were held in con- 
flict of mind, unable to determine whether to remain or 
abandon the country ; until the enlargement of their 
improvements or possessions, the increasing convenien- 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 7 

ces and improvements of the country, together with the 
fact that the seasons had become more healthy, deter- 
mined them generally to remain. Although sickness 
was so general, deaths were comparatively few, the dis- 
ease of the country being principally ague — or so it was 
called. There was the shaking ague, and what is now 
familiarly termed chills and fever, which was then called 
the dumb ague. 



CHAPTER II. 

FROM THE ORGANIZATION OF THE COUNTY UNTIL THE LAYING 
OUT OF COLUMBUS IN 1812. 

Organization of County and Boundaries — Division into four Town- 
ships — U. S. M. Lands — V. M. Lands — Refugee Lands — 
Congress Lands — First Post Route and Mail Carrier — Col. McEl- 
vain's Letter — First Court House and Jail — Court Journal — 
First Election in the County and Poll Book — Delaware County 
erected in 1808 — Dates, etc., of the present Townships — Further 
Extracts from Court Journal — Execution of Leatherlips. 

In 1803, the County of Franklin was stricken off 
from Ross, and organized. The act creating the new 
county, was passed March 30th, 1803, to commence and 
take effect from and after the 30th of April, 1803. The 
bounds are described as follows: "Beginning on the 
western boundary of the twentieth range of townships 
east of the Scioto River, at the corner of sections Nos. 
24 and 25 in the 9th township of the 21st range, sur- 
veyed by John Matthews, thence west until it intersects 
the eastern boundary line of Greene County, thence 
n'orth with said line until it intersects the State line, 
thence eastwardly with the said line to the north-west 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 9 

corner of Fairfield County, thence with the western 
boundary line of Fairfield to the point of beginning." 
That is, bounded on the east by nearly our present line, 
south by a line near the middle of what is now Picka- 
way County, on the west by Greene County, and on the 
north by Lake Erie. The creation of the county of 
Delaware in 1808, reduced our northern boundary to its 
present line ; the creation of the county of Pickaway in 
1810, reduced our southern boundary to its present 
limits; the creation of Madison in 1810, and of Union 
in 1820, reduced our western limits to the boundaries 
represented- by Wheeler's County Map, published in 
1842 ; but subsequently, by an act of the Legislature 
passed the 4th of March, 1845, our western boundary 
was changed by making Darby Creek the line from the 
north-west corner of Brown to the north line of Pleasant 
Township, as represented by Foote's Map of 1856 ; and 
by an act passed the 27th of January, 1857, entitled "An 
act to annex a part of Licking County to the County of 
Franklin," there were nine half sections taken from the 
sonth-west corner of Licking, and attached to Franklin. 
This occasions the jog in the eastern line of Truro Town- 
ship, as represented on the maps. Then at the session of 
1850-51, a range of sections, being a strip one mile in 
width and six miles in length, including the town of 
Winchester, was taken from Fairfield County and 



10 HISTORY OF 

attached to the east side of Madison township, in Frank- 
lin County, as represented on Foote's Map. The county 
is now in nearly a s*quare form, and is twenty-two and 
a half miles in extent north and south, and would prob- 
ably average a trifle over that from east to west. 

There are four several denominations of land in this 
county. They are designated the United States Military 
Lands, Virginia Military Lands, Refugee Lands, and 
Congress Lands. The townships of Plain, Jefferson, 
Mifflin, Blendon, Sharon, Clinton and Perry, are within 
the United States Military District ; the townships of 
Montgomery and Truro, in the Refugee tract ; the town- 
ships of Hamilton and Madison, in the Congress Lands, 
so called; and all the other townships (west of the 
Scioto) are in the Virginia Military District. The 
United States Military Lands, are so called from the 
circumstance of their having been appropriated by an 
act of Congress in 1796, to satisfy certain claims of the 
officers and soldiers of the Revolutionary War. These 
lands were surveyed by Government into townships of 
five miles square, and then into quarter townships of 
two and a half miles square, containing four thousand 
acres each. Some of the quarter townships, however, 
were subsequently divided into lots of one hundred acres 
each, for the accommodation of those soldiers holding one 
hundred acre warrants. The fourth, or south-east quar- 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. JL 

ter, of Plain Township, and a strip in Perry Township, 
bordering on the river, are thus laid out into one hundred 
acre lots. And again, after satisfying the claims for 
which these four thousand acre tracts were designed, 
there appears to have been a surplus of land, which was 
then laid out by Government into sections of six hundred 
and forty acres, and sub-divided into quarter sections of 
one hundred and sixty acres, and disposed of as other 
Congress lands. Of this description are quarters one 
and two (or north half) of Plain Township. These 
original surveyed townships of five miles square, when 
divided into quarters, are numbered thus, 
(the top being considered north,) and are 
most properly designated as first quarter, 
second quarter, etc., in township No. — , range — , but 
sometimes in conveyances, they are called sections, and 
very commonly so in conversation, as the Rathbone sec- 
tion, the Stevenson section, the Brien section, etc., which in 
the minds of some may create confusion, as a section, 
in Congress Lands, is well known to. contain six hundred 
and forty acres, while one of these quarter townships 
(or sections, if we so call them,) contains four thousand 
acres. 

The Virginia Military District in Ohio, comprises the 
lands between the Scioto and Little Miami Rivers ; and 
when the State of Virginia, in 1783, ceded to the United 



2 1 

3 j 4 



12 



HISTORY OF 



States all her right of soil and jurisdiction to all the 
tract of country she then claimed north-west of the Ohio 
River, it was provided that the " Virginia troops of the 
Continental establishment " should be paid their legal 
bounties from these lands. The patent to the soldier or 
purchaser of these lands, as well as of all other Ohio 
lands, is derived from the General Government. This 
District is not surveyed into ranges and townships, or 
any regular form, and hence the irregularity in the 
shapes of the townships, as established by the county 
commissioners, for civil purposes ; but any individual 
holding a Virginia Military Land Warrant, might locate 
it wherever he desired, within the district, and in such 
shape as he pleased, wherever the land had not been 
previously located. In consequence of this want of 
regular original surveys, and the irregularities with 
which many locations were made, and the consequent 
interference and encroachment of some locations upon 
others, far more uncertainty and litigation has arisen 
relative to lines and titles in this district, than in any of 
the regularly surveyed districts. In conveyancing, the 
lands in this district are not designated by section or 
range, but as being within Original Survey No. — . 

The Refugee Tract, (of which Montgomery and Truro 
Townships are a part,) is a narrow strip of country four 
and a half miles broad from north to south, and extend- 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 13 

ing eastward from the Scioto River forty-eight miles. 
This tract was so called, from the circumstance that it 
was appropriated by Congress for the benefit of certain 
individuals from Canada and Nova Scotia, who espoused 
the cause of the American Colonies in the Revolutionary 
War. The lands in this tract were originally surveyed 
for Government into sections of six hundred and forty 
acres each, and numbered, by John Matthews and Ebe- 
nezer Buckingham, of Muskingum County, in 1799, but 
was subsequently divided into half sections, by Elnathan 
Scofield, of Fairfield County, in 1801, and re-numbered, 
and patents issued to the claimants for half sections, by 
these latter numbers. After satisfying all these refugee 
claims, the balance of these lands were sold as other 
Congress Lands, by the original numbers. Hence, in 
conveyances, they are sometimes designated as part of 
section No. — , (giving the number,) sometimes as part 
of half section No. — , (an entirely different number,) 
and sometimes both numberings are given in the same 
conveyance. 

The Congress Lands (of which Hamilton and Madison 
Townships are a part) are so called, because they have 
not been set apart for any particular purpose, and they 
are sold to purchasers by the immediate officers of Gov- 
ernment, pursuant to the laws of Congress. These 
lands were surveyed by Government into townships of 



14 II I S T R Y F 

six miles square, and then divided into sections of one 
mile square each, containing six hundred and forty acres, 
and then again these sections were subdivided into 
quarter sections or lots, of one hundred and sixty acres 
each. Although the territory is thus surveyed into 
townships, (so called,) yet in the formation of townships 
for civil or governmental purposes, the County Commis- 
sioners are not governed by these surveys, further than 
in their opinion public convenience may require. Hence, 
the organized civil townships are in many cases quite 
different in boundaries from the original surveyed town- 
ships, as in the two townships of Hamilton and Madison, 
the southern limits of each of which extend two miles, 
that is, two tiers of sections, farther south than the 
original surveyed townships of which they are princi- 
pally composed. These townships were originally sur- 
veyed into sections, by Matthews and Buckingham, in 
1799. 

Prior to 1820, the government price of the public 
land was two dollars per acre, in payments. Since then, 
it has been established at one dollar and twenty-five 
cents per acre, payable on the entry of the land. 

For seven or eight years after the first settlement of 
Franklinton, there was no post office nearer than Chilli- 
cothe. and when other opportunities did not offer, the 
people of the village would occasionally raise by con- 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 15 

tribution the means, and employ a man to go to the post 
office, (45 miles,) to carry letters to be mailed for their 
distant friends, and to bring back such letters or papers 
as might be in the office for any of the Franklintonians. 
Col. Andrew McElvain, now of Logan County, Illinois, 
but for many years a prominent citizen of this county, 
was, when but a boy, the first mail carrier between Chil- 
licothe and Franklinton. The following interesting 
letter from the Colonel, is written with a clear recollec- 
tion on that subject, and it also covers nearly the whole 
ground of the first settlement of the county. It is 
dated " West Point Grove, Logan County, Illinois, Nov. 
30, 1856." He says : 

" I emigrated with my father to Ohio (from Kentucky) in the spring 
of 1707. We remained at Chillicothe that summer. The fall or win- 
ter of 1797-8, a family by the name of Dixon, was the first white 
family settled at Franklinton, then called the Forks of Scioto. That 
winter several others arrived there — Armstrongs, Skidmores, Dear- 
durfs, Dunkin, Stokes and Balentine ; early in the spring, McElvains, 
Hunters, Stevens, Browns, Cowgills, and Benjamin White. The first 
meal-making establishment in Franklinton, was erected by Samuel 
McElvain — that was a hominy block — a hole burned in a stump, with 
a sweep so fixed that two men could pound corn into meal ; the sifter 
was a deer skin stretched over a hoop, with small holes made therein by 
a small hot iron ; and that block mill supplied the first settlement of 
Franklin County. Our family helped to raise the first corn raised in 
the county by the whites. Next was a hand mill erected by Rogers. 
The first water mill was erected by Robert Balentine, on a small stream 
near Hayden's Factory, on the town plat of Columbus. There was 
also a small distillery erected near Ridgway's Foundry, by one White, 
where the first rot-gut whiskey was distilled. The same Benjamin 



16 HISTORY OF 

White was the first appointed sheriff of said county. Afterward, a 
man by the name of Hush, erected a mill on the Scioto, below the 
present dam of the Sullivant Mill. The salt used by the village, was 
manufactured at a salt spring three or four miles below the village — 
perhaps on the White farm — and I think Deardurf was the salt maker — 
but not proving profitable, it was soon abandoned. In the summer of 
1805, the first mail contract was taken by Adam Hosac — he being 
Contractor and Postmaster. The route then was on the west side of the 
Scioto. A weekly mail left Franklinton each Friday, stayed over night 
at Markly's Mill, on Darby Creek, next city made Chillicothe, and 
returned to Thompson's, on Deer Creek, thence home on Sunday. 
When the route was first established, there was no post office between 
Franklinton and Chillicothe, but during the first winter, there was one 
established at Westfall, now in Pickaway County, afterward one at 
Markly's Mill, about that time changed to Hall's Mill. I was the first 
appointed carrier, and did carry the first mail to Franklinton, and was 
employed in that business about one year, during the winter and spring 
having twice to swim Darby and Deer Creek, carrying the small mail 

bag on my shoulders I commenced carrying the mail at 

thirteen years old. There was not a house but William Brown's, on 
Big Run, between Franklinton and Darby, and but a cabin at Westfall 
and Deer Creek, to Chillicothe. It was rather a lonesome route for a 
boy. . . There was no regular mail to Worthington, but their mail 
matter was taken up by a young man employed as clerk in a store — I 
think Mr. Matthews. Truly yours, 

"W. T. Martin, Esq. A. McELVAIN." 

By an act passed April 16, 1803, it was made the 
duty of the Associate Judges to lay out their counties 
into townships, and perform various other duties that 
are now performed by the County Commissioners, and 
to appoint certain officers that are now elected by the 
people. The records of these proceedings, on a few 
unbound sheets of paper, now thrown aside with the 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 17 

rubbish of the office, are in the handwriting of Lucas 
Sullivant ; and being interesting as part of our early 
history, are therefore copied verbatim. 

The regular courts for several years were held in 
hired rooms, until the Franklinton Court House was 
erected, in 180T-8 — Lucas Sullivant, contractor. A 
jail was sooner provided, as will be seen by the following 
minutes. The first jail was a small log building near 
where Captain White now lives. It was a temporary 
concern, and remained but a few years. About the 
same time that the court house was erected, a new brick 
jail was also erected, a few rods north-east from the 
court house — Arthur O'Harra, contractor. These build- 
ings remained in use until the county seat was removed 
to Columbus, in 1824. The court house is still stand- 
ing, and used for a school house. 

" COURT JOURNAL. 

" At a meeting of the Associate Judges of the Court of Common 
Pleas, of Franklin County, at the temporary Seat of Justice of said 
county, in Franklinton, on Tuesday, the 10th day of May, 1803, — 
present, the Hon. John Dill, Chief Judge, David Jamison, and Joseph 
Foos, Esqrs., Associate Judges of the court aforesaid. Who, having 
taken their official seats, were attended by Lucas Sullivant, Clerk of 
the said Court of Common Pleas, and they then proceeded to lay oS 
the said County of Franklin into townships, as required by an act of 
the General Assembly of the State of Ohio, entitled ' An act to regu- 
late the election of Justices of the Peace, and for other purposes,' in 
the following manner, to wit : 



18 HISTORY OF 

" Ordered, that all that part of Franklin County contained 'within 
the following limits, to wit : Beginning at the forks of Darby Creek, 
that is, at the junction of what is called Treacles Creek with Darby 
Creek, running thence south to the line between the counties of Ross 
and Franklin ; thence ea6t with said line until it intersects the Scioto 
River ; thence up the same till it comes to a point one mile, on a straight 
line, above the mouth of Roaring Run ; and from thence to the point 
of beginning, do make and constitute the first township in Franklin 
County, and be called Franklin Township. 

" Ordered, that all that tract or part of Franklin County contained 
within the following limits and boundaries, to wit : Beginning on the 
west bank of the Scioto River, one mile, on a direct line, above the 
mouth of Roaring Run ; from thence, on a direct line, to the junction 
of Treacles Creek with Darby Creek, which is frequently called the 
forks of Darby ; thence south unto the line between the counties of 
Ross and Franklin; thence west with said line until it intersects the 
county line of Greene ; thence with the last mentioned line north, and 
from the point of beginning, up the Scioto to the northern boundaries 
of Franklin County, do make and constitute the second township in said 
county, and be called Darby Township. 

" Ordered, that all that tract or part of Franklin County contained 
in the following meets and boundaries, to wit : Beginning on the east 
bank of the Scioto River, at the point where the sectional line between 
the sections number eight and seventeen, in township four, and range 
twenty-two intersects the Scioto River ; thence east with the said sec- 
tional line until it intersects the line between the counties of Fairfield 
and Franklin ; thence south with the same to the line between the 
counties of Ross and Franklin ; thence west with the same until it 
intersects the Scioto River ; thence up the river to the point of begin- 
ning, to make and constitute the third township in Franklin County, 
and be called Harrison Township. 

" Ordered, that all that part of Franklin County contained within the 
following limits and boundaries, to wit : Beginning on the east bank 
of the Scioto River, at the intersection of the sectional line between the 
sections number eight and seventeen, in the fourth township and twenty- 
second range ; running thence with the said sectional line east, to the 
line between the counties of Fairfield and Franklin ; thence north with 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 19 

said line, and from the point of beginning, with the Scioto, to the 
northerly boundary of Franklin County, do constitute and make the 
fourth Township in Franklin County, and be called Liberty Township. 

" Ordered, that in Franklin Township there be elected two Justices 
of the Peace, and that the electors hold their election for that purpose 
at the temporary place of holding courts for the county of Franklin, in 
Franklinton, on the twenty-first day of June next, as provided by law. 

" Ordered, that in Darby Township there be elected one Justice of 
the Peace, and that the electors in said township hold their election for 
that purpose at the house of David Mitchell, in said township, on the 
twenty-first day of June next, as provided by law. 

" Ordered, that there be elected in Harrison Township one Justice 
of the Peace, and that the electors in said township hold their election 
for that purpose at the house of Alexander Laughferty, on one Thomas 
Renixes' farm, in their said township, on the twenty-first day of June 
next, as provided by law. 

" Ordered, that there be elected in Liberty Township two Justices of 
the Peace, and that the electors hold their election for that purpose at 
the house of John Beaty, in said township, on the twenty-first day of 
June next, as provided by law. 

" Ordered, that this court be adjourned without day. 

"Test, LUCAS SULLIVANT, Clerk." 

Thus, this extensive county was originally divided 
into four townships, Franklin and Darby on the west 
side of the river, and divided by a line from a point a 
little south of Dublin, to the mouth of Treacles Creek ; 
and Harrison and Liberty on the east side, divided by 
an east and west line through near the middle of what 
is now Hamilton Township. 

At the elections above provided for, the following 
persons were elected the first Justices of the Peace in 
Franklin County, to wit : In Franklin Township, Zach- 



20 



HISTORY OF 



ariah Stephen and James Marshal; in Darby, Joshua 
Evving ; in Harrison, William Bennett ; and in Liberty, 
Joseph Hunter and Ezra Brown. 

On the same day, an election was held for a Repre- 
sentative in Congress, being the first election for a mem- 
ber of Congress ever held in the State, the State being 
then entitled to but one member, and his term was to 
commence from the fourth of March preceding his elec- 
tion. Jeremiah Morrow was elected. 

The following are copies of the certificates and ab- 
stract of the votes in Franklin County, to wit : 

" On Monday, the 27th of June, 1803, in conformity to the 2Gth 
section of an act of the General Assembly of the State of Ohio, enti- 
tled ' An act to regulate elections,' I called to my assistance David 
Jamison and Joseph Foos, Esqrs., two of the Associate Judges of the 
Court of Common Pleas of Franklin County, and proceeded to open 
and examine the poll-books returned to me as clerk of said county, 
from the different townships therein contained, and for a Representative 
in Congress, find the votes as thus stated, to wit : 





o.&« 


Oh 




►>•£ 






^5 -a 


>»-n 


9 - 


Z?J3 






m M 


,_o in 




i-, •« 


a 




c a 


■~ C 


'£ c 








<- o 


ft I 






o 
H 




PzhH 


H 




Michael Baldwin, - - 


27 


2 


21 


50 


William McMillan, - - 


5 


22 


— 


7 


34 


Elias Langham, - - 


25 


— 


19 


— 


44 


Jeremiah Morrow, - - 


2 


~~ 




— — 


o 



In testimony whereof, I have hereunto subscribed my name, and 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 21 

affixed the seal of the county aforesaid, this, the day and year above 
written. 

" LUCAS SULLIVANT, C. F. C. 

11 We do hereby certify that the above statement of the election held 
on the 21st of this instant, in the County of Franklin, is a correct state- 
ment, as appears from the returns made to the clerk's office, from the 
several townships in our said county. 

" Given under our hands this 27th of June, 1803. 

"DAVID JAMISON, 
"JOSEPH FOOS." 

Previous to our reduction of territory, in 1808, by 
the creation of Delaware County, the number of town- 
ships had increased to nine, but by the organization of 
Delaware County the number was reduced to the five 
following, to wit: Franklin, Sharon, Pleasant, Mont- 
gomery, and Hamilton — which have been divided and 
sub-divided until they now number eighteen — the 
names and dates of the establishment of which are as 
follows : 

Blendon, established 6th of March, 1815. 

Clinton, " 1st of July, 1811. 

Franklin, « 10th of May, 1803. 

Hamilton, « 9th of March, 1807. 

Jackson, " 6th of March, 1815. 

Jefferson, " 6th of September, 1816. 

Madison, " 4th of March, 1810. 

Mifflin, " 2d of September, 1811. 

Montgomery, " 9th of March, 1807. 

Norwich, " 7th of December, 1813. 



22 HISTORY OF 

Perry, established 27th of June, 1820. 

Plain, « 4th of March, 1810. 

Pleasant, " 1st of July, 1807. 

Prairie, " 28th of December, 1819. 

Sharon, " 4th of March, 1816. 

Truro, « 4th of March, 1810. 

Washington, " 4th of March, 1810. 

Brown, " 3d of March, 1830. 

Further extracts from the Court Records : 

"At a meeting of the Associate Judges of the Court of Common 
Pleas of Franklin County, on the 8th day of August, in the year of 
our Lord one thousand eight hundred and three, present the Honorable 
John Dill, Esq., first Associate, and David Jamison, Esq., second Asso- 
ciate Judges of said Court. Ordered, that the rates of Tavern License 
in Franklinton be four dollars per annum. 

" Ordered, that a license be granted William Domigan, Sr., to keep 
tavern in his own house in Franklinton until the next Court of Com- 
mon Pleas for Franklin County, and afterward, until he can renew his 
license. 

" Ordered that license be granted Joseph Foos to keep a tavern at 
the house occupied by him in Franklinton for the accommodation of 
travelers until the next Court of Common Pleas for Franklin County, 
and afterward until the license can be renewed. 

" Adjourned without day. 

" Test, LUCAS SULLIVANT, Clerk:' 

"At a session of the Associate Judges of the Court of Common 
Pleas for Franklin County, at the place of holding courts in Franklin- 
ton for the county aforesaid, on Thursday, the 8th of September, 1803, 
it being the first judicial day after the adjournment of the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas of the said County of Franklin — present John Dill, David 
Jamison and Joseph Foos, Gentlemen Associate Judges, aforesaid, 
who having assumed their official seats, and were attended by Lucas 
Sullivant, Clerk of the Court of Common Pleas of said county, the fol- 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 23 

lowing proceedings were had, to wit : On tbe prayer of a petition 
signed by a number of signers as required by law, and wbo were citi- 
zens of this county, praying for a view of a road leading from the 
public square in Franklinton, out of said town on the Pickaway road, 
thence the nearest and best way to Lancaster, in Fairfield County, until 
it intersects the line between the counties aforesaid. Ordered, that the 
prayer of said petition be granted, and that John Brickell, Joseph 
Dickson and Joseph Hunter be appointed viewers of said road, who, or 
any two of them, shall view the ground aforesaid in this county and act 
in conjunction with the viewers that may be appointed by the Court of 
Common Pleas of Fairfield County, on what point said road will cross 
the line between the counties aforesaid, to be on the nearest and best 
ground to be had from Franklinton to Lancaster. It is further 
ordered that Joseph Vance be appointed surveyor to attend the said 
viewers on the above described road, and that he make a survey and 
report thereof to our next January term. * 

" On the prayer of a petition signed by a number of freeholders and 
citizens of Franklin County, praying for a view of a road to lead from 
the north-east end of Gift street, in Franklinton, on as straight a 
direction as the situation of the ground will admit of a road, towards 
the town of Newark, in Fairfield County, so far as the line between 
the Counties of Franklin and Fairfield. The prayer aforesaid granted ; 
and ordered that Samuel McElvain, Elijah Fulton and Joseph Parks 
be appointed viewers, who, or any two of them, shall view said road in 
this county, and act in conjunction with viewers that may be appointed 
by the Court of Common Pleas of Fairfield County, at what point on 
the line between said counties the road aforesaid shall cross, to be on 
the nearest and best ground from tbe point of beginning as aforesaid to 
the termination thereof. It is further ordered, that Samuel Smith be 
appointed surveyor to attend the said viewers and make a correct sur- 
vey of said road, and report the same to our next January term. 



* This road was made to cross the Scioto at the old ford below the canal 
dam, and pass through the bottom fields, (then woods,) to intersect what is now 
the Chillicothe road south of Stewart's Grove ; and continued to be the 
traveled road until after Columbus was laid out. Jacob Armitage kept the 
ferry over the river. 



24 HISTORY OF 

" Ordered, that there be paid unto Jeremiah McLene,* who was 
appointed by the Legislature of the State of Ohio as one of the com- 
missioners to fix the permanent seat of justice in this county, (Frank- 
lin,) the sum of fifteen dollars. It being a compensation for his 
services as aforesaid six days, and his additional service in writing and 
circulating the notices as required by law. 

" Ordered, that there be paid unto James Ferguson, who was 
appointed one of the commissioners to fix the permanent seat of justice 
in this county, (Franklin,) the sum of twelve dollars, it being a com- 
pensation for his services as a commissioner aforesaid six days. 

" Ordered that there be paid out of the county treasury of Frank- 
lin unto William Creighton, who was appointed by the Legislature of 
the State of Ohio, one of the commissioners to fix and establish the 
permanent seat of justice in the County of Franklin, the sum of twelve 
dollars, it being the compensation allowed him by law for six days 
service as a commissioner aforesaid. 



* Gen. Jeremiah McLene died at Washington City on the 19th of March, 
1837, aged 70 years. His sickness dated from his attendance at the inaugura- 
tion of Martin Van Buren, on the 4th of that month. He bad just completed 
his second term in Congress. He was a native of Pennsylvania, and in early 
life emigrated from that State to the then Territory of Tennessee, where he 
was an intimate companion of General Andrew Jackson, for whom he 
always entertained a great partiality. He was subsequently a pioneer to the 
north-western Territory. In the early part of the present century, he settled 
in the infant town of Chillicothe, and was, while there, Sheriff of Ross County. 
Then, there and at Columbus together, he served twenty-one years in suc- 
cession as Secretary of State, and was a very popular State officer. 

He was a surveyor and fond of his compass and the business — was for a 
number of years county surveyor for Franklin County, and also city surveyor 
of Columbus. He was a man of remarkable plainness and familiarity of man- 
ners and character. Although perfectly at ease in any company, he enjoyed 
himself equally as well in the society of the poorest laborers as with the 
highest dignitaries. He was emphatically the poor man's friend — always 
ready to accommodate with the use of his name or otherwise, and paid more 
security debts, and with less murmuring, than any one man of his time. As a 
characteristic of his plainness and economy, when on his dying bed, he called 
two of his friends to him and gave directions concerning his effects, and his 
death and burial. " Let my funeral," said he, " be conducted with the 
strictest economy." 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 25 

" On application of Morris Brown, lister of taxable property in 
Liberty Township, who having proved his service as required by law, 
it is ordered that he be allowed and paid out of the county treasury 
five dollars for four days service in taking the list aforesaid, and also 
two dollars and fifty cents for taking the enumeration, and the further 
sum of seventy-two cents for traveling to the seat of justice to make 
said returns. 

" Ordered, that a license be granted William Domigan, Sen., to keep 
a house of public entertainment in Franklinton, he having this day 
made application for that purpose, and produced a certificate of recom- 
mendation as required by law, to the satisfaction of the court. 

" Ordered, that a license be granted Joseph Foos to keep a house of 
public entertainment in Franklinton, he having this day made applica- 
tion for that purpose, and, as appeared to the satisfaction of the court, 
has been heretofore recommended as required by law. 

" Ordered, that there be allowed and paid to Joseph Foos, Esq., as 
follows : Four dollars expended by him in preparing for the reception 
of the Court of Common Pleas for Franklin County at September term, 
1803 ; also the sum of one dollar and fifty cents expended by him in 
conveying the election box and a volume of the laws of the State to the 
house of election in Darby Township prior to the twenty-first of June, 
as required by law ; also the sum of three dollars paid by him to 
James Marshall, Esquire, for bringing from the printing office part of 
the number of volumes of laws of this State, as was allowed by law for 
Franklin County, and which was brought for the use of the different 
townships ; also the sum of two dollars which he paid for the election 
boxes made use of at the past elections in this county. 

" Ordered, that there be paid to John Blair, lister of taxable property 
in Franklin Township, the sum of six dollars and forty-nine cents, it 
being the compensation in full this day claimed by him before this 
court for his services in taking the list aforesaid, and also the list of 
enumeration in said township, and three miles mileage in making said 
return. 

" On the prayer of a petition signed by a number of citizens, house 
and freeholders of Franklin County, praying for the view of a road to 
lead from the public square in Franklinton to Springfield, in Greene 
County, to be on the straightest and nearest direction towards Spring- 



26 HISTORY OF 

field as the nature of the ground and circumstances will admit of a 
good road, ordered that Thomas Morehead, Alexander Blair and 
George Skidmore be appointed viewers of said road, who, or any two 
of them, shall view the same as far as the line between Franklin and 
Greene County, and make report to our January term next. It is 
further ordered that Captain John Blair be appointed surveyor to 
attend said viewers on the above premises, and survey said road, and 
return a fair plat or survey thereof as required by law, to our January 
session next. 

" Ordered, that Jacob Grubb be appointed County Treasurer for the 
County of Franklin. 

" Ordered, that four dollars be appropriated for the purpose of com- 
pleting the election boxes in this county, agreeably to the requisitions 
of law. 

" Ordered, that the copies of the laws passed at the last session of the 
General Assembly of the State of Ohio which were appropriated for the 
use of Franklin County, be distributed through said county on demand 
to the persons following, to wit : To Robert Culbertson, Representative, 
one copy ; to Zachariah Stephen and James Marshall, Justices of the 
Peace in Franklin Township, each one copy ; to Joshua Ewing, a 
Justice of the Peace in Darby Township, one copy ; to William Ben- 
^nett^a Justice of the Peace of Harrison Township^ one copy; to 
Joseph Hunter and Ezra Brown, Justices of the Peace in Liberty 
Township, each one copy ; and one copy to be deposited at the house 
of election in each township; to the Clerk of the Court of Common 
Pleas, one ; to the Sheriff of the county, one copy ; to the constables 
in the several townships, each one copy; to the clerks of the several 
townships, each one copy; to the county Treasurer, one ; to the county 
Surveyor, one of the copies of the laws above mentioned, and the 
balance to lie in the Clerk's office until otherwise disposed of. 

" Ordered, that there be allowed for wolf and panther scalps as fol- 
lows, to wit : For every wolf or panther scalp any person shall kill 
under six months old, one dollar ; for every wolf or panther that is 
above six months old, two dollars. The proceedings respecting any 
wolf or panther scalp to be particularly and pointedly regulated by the 
law passed by the Legislative Council and House of Representatives in 
General Assembly of the territory of the United States north-west of 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 27 

the River Obio, entitled, An act to encourage the killing of wolves and 
panthers, passed 9th of January, 1802 ; said law to be complied with in 
every respect except the price given for scalps, which shall be as before 
mentioned in this order ; and the holders of any certificate for such 
scalps shall be paid out of the county treasury so soon as the tax for 
1804 shall be be levied and collected, and not before." 

" At a session of the Associate Judges of the Court of Common 
Pleas of Franklin County, held at the seat of justice in said county, on 
the 7th day of January, 1804 — present John Dill, Chief Judge, and 
David Jamison and Joseph Foos, Esquires, Associate Judges as afore 
said — a return of the view of road from Franklinton to Newark was 
made by the surveyor and viewers that were appointed at September 
session, which return of survey and report were received and ordered 
to be recorded. 

" Ordered, that the supervisor in Liberty Township proceed to open 
said road thirty-three feet wide, and prepare and make it passable for 
loaded carriages or wagons. 

" A petition was presented by the Reverend James Kilbourne* and 

* Afterwards more familiarly known by the title of Colonel Kilbourne. In 
early life the Colonel was regularly ordained a preacher in the Episcopal 
Church, and officiated in that capacity for some time ; but on entering public 
life, he resigned his clerical office. He was a native of New Britain. Connecti- 
cut, and was the projector and main agent in getting up the Scioto Company. 
He made his first trip of exploration to Ohio on behalf of the Company, in the 
spring of 1802, and after traveling over 1000 miles through the territory, on 
foot, he selected 1G,000 acres of land for the Company, one half of which lies in 
a body where the town of Worthington was afterwards laid out. He returned 
in the fall to Connecticut, and in the spring of 1803, he led a part of the Com- 
pany to his new purchase. The rest soon followed. On the 5th of May, 1803, 
he cut the first tree on the new purchase. By the 4th of July, 1804, the little 
colony numbered about 100 persons, and they celebrated the national anniver- 
sary by Col. K. delivering an oration, and by the falling of seventeen large 
trees, (instead of firing so many cannon,) by way of national salute. The Col. 
was a man of ability, and a good deal of originality of thought, with a jovial, 
light-hearted disposition, and was very conspicuous and useful in the settle- 
ment of the county. The tabular part of this work will show many of the 
public stations to which he was called, and filled with credit and ability. He 
died at Worthington in the month of April, 1850, in the eightieth year of his 
acre. 



28 HISTORY OF 

others, praying for a view of a road to lead from Franklinton to the 
town of Worthington, from thence to the south boundary of the fifth 
tier of townships, etc. It is ordered, that the prayer of said petition be 
granted, and that Michael Fisher, Thomas Morehead and Samuel Flen- 
niken be appointed viewers, who, or any two of them, shall view and 
make report of the same. And it is further ordered that Joseph 
Vance be appointed surveyor to attend said viewers, and make a 
correct survey of the same and return it to this court. 

"It is further ordered that the prayer of the petition presented by 
the Reverend James Kilbourne and others, praying for a road to lead 
from the town of "Worthington to intersect the road which leads from 
Franklinton to Newark, be granted on the conditions that the said 
petitioners defray at their own expense the viewing, surveying and 
opening the same. 

" It is further ordered, that Maj. William Thompson, Ezra Griswold 
and Samuel Beach be appointed viewers of said road, and report the 
same to this court at their next session ; also, that the Reverend James 
Kilbourne be appointed surveyor, who shall attend said viewers, make 
a fair and correct survey, and return the same to this court at their 
next session. 

" On application of Ezra Griswold for license to keep a tavern in 
Liberty Township, he being recommended to the satisfaction of this 
court, and he also paying into the clerk's hands the tax required by 
law, it is ordered that license be granted him accordingly. 

" On application of Nathan Carpenter of Liberty Township for 
license to keep a house of public entertainment, he being recommended 
to the satisfaction of.this court, and he having also paid into the hands of 
the clerk the tax required by law, it is ordered that license be granted 
him. 

" Usual. Osbourn, having given bond with approved security for the 
collection of the county tax in Darby Township, it is ordered that he 
be appointed collector of the same. 

" Ordered, that Lucas Sullivant be appointed Recorder for the 
County of Franklin, pro tempore, who shall proceed to provide the 
necessary books for the office, who shall, if he is not continued per- 
manently, be paid by his successor the necessary costs of the same at 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 29 

the time of delivering up the records, etc., to his successor, which he 
shall do whenever a Recorder shall be permanently appointed. 
" Ordered that this court adjourn until Tuesday next. 

"Test, LUCAS SULLIVANT, Clerk." 

"Tuesday, January the 10th, 1804. The court met according to 
adjournment — present David Jamison and Joseph Foos, Esquires, two 
of the Associate Judges of the Court of Common Pleas of Franklin 
County. 

" On application of William Harper of Harrison Township, for license 
to keep a house of public entertainment, it is ordered that license be 
granted him, he having produced a certificate signed by a number of 
signers satisfactory to this court. 

" On application of Mrs. Elizabeth Whitaker, by petition for license 
to keep a house of public entertainment, which petition is signed with 
a number of signers satisfactory to this court, it is ordered that license 
be granted her. 

" Ordered, that there be paid unto James Ewing, out of the treasury 
of Franklin County, the sum of eight dollars and seventy-five cents, it 
being the compensation due to him for seven days services in taking 
the list of taxable property and the enumeration of white males in 
Darby Township for the year 1803. 

" Ordered, that there be paid unto Adam Hosack, Sheriff of this 
county, the sum of one dollar and fifty cents for summoning the grand 
jury for January term, 1804. 

" Ordered, that there be a jail built immediately for the use of this 
county, on the following plan, to wit : Of logs twelve feet long and 
eighteen inches diameter, with two sides hewed so as to make a face 
of eight inches, and to be let down dovetailing so as to make the logs 
fit close together ; to be seven feet at least, between the lower and 
upper floors, which floor is to be of timbers of like thickness, with three 
sides hewed so as to let them lie entirely close, and to be smooth on the 
face of the lower floor, and the upper floor to show an even face in like 
manner on the lower side, and to have two rounds of logs at least, of 
like timbers above the upper floor ; then to have a cabin roof well put 
on, a door cut out two feet eight inches wide and prepared in a work- 
manlike order, to hang the shutter of the door, which shutter is to be 
made in a strong and sufficient and workmanlike manner of plank two 



30 HISTORY OF 

inches thick. There is to be two windows, eight inches by ten inches 
wide, made in said prison house, which windows are to be secured by 
two bars of iron one inch square sufficiently let in, in each window, the 
corners closely sawed or cut down. 

" Ordered that this court be adjourned without day. 

"Test, LUCAS SULLIVANT, Clerk. 7 ' 

" At a session of the Associate Judges of the Court of Ccmmon 
Pleas of Franklin County, begun and held at Franklinton, in the 
county aforesaid, on Thursday the 15th of March, 1804. Present 
David Jamison and Joseph Foos, Esqrs., two of the Associate Judges 
of said county. 

" Was presented the report of Thomas Morehead and Samuel Flen- 
niken, who were appointed viewers at a session of said court held on 
Saturday, the 7th of January, 1804, of a road leading from Franklin- 
ton to the town of Worthington, from thence to the south boundary 
of the fifth tier of townships, together with the plat of survey of said 
road made by Joseph Vance in compliance of said order, which report 
and survey was received and ordered to be recorded. 

" It is ordered that the supervisor in Liberty Township proceed to 
open said road and make it passable for loaded wagons. 

"The report of Ezra Griswold, William Thompson and Samuel 
Beach, who were appointed viewers of a road to lead from Worthington 
to intersect the road which leads from Franklinton to Newark, together 
with the survey of the same made by James Kilbourne in compliance 
of the order of review, was presented and received, and ordered to be 
recorded. 

" Adjourned." 

"At a session of the Associate Judges of the Court of Common 
Pleas of Franklin County, began and held in Franklinton, on Saturday, 
March 24, 1804, — present, John Dill, David Jamison, and Joseph 
Foos, Associate Judges of said court. 

" The report of Thomas Morehead and George Skidmore, the viewers 
appointed by an order granted at September term, 1803, to view a 
road from Franklinton to Springfield, in Greene County, reported that 
they had viewed and marked out said road as far as Darby Creek, on 
as good ground as the nature of circumstances would admit, and which 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 31 

tbey considered to be of public utility. It is therefore ordered that 
the report of said viewers of the aforesaid road, so far as it is viewed, 
be received and recorded as such, and that the supervisor proceed to 
open said road thirty-three feet wide, and make it passable for loaded 
wagons. 

" Ordered, that there be paid to Joseph Parks and Samuel McElvain, 
each, three dollars out of the county treasury, for three days services 
in viewing of a road from Franklinton to Newark. 

" Ordered, that there be paid unto David Pugh and John Hoskins, 
each, two dollars and a quarter out of the county treasury, for three 
days services in carrying the chain on the view of the road from Frank- 
linton to Newark. 

" Ordered, that there be paid to Samuel Smith four dollars and fifty 
cents, for three days services in surveying the road from Franklinton 
to Newark, as per return of survey. 

" Ordered, that there be paid out of the county treasury to Lucas 
Sullivant, eighty dollars, for the building of the jail, in Franklinton, 
for the county. 

" Ordered, that Lucas Sullivant be appointed surveyor, to attend the 
viewers of the road from Franklinton to Springfield, and to survey and 
return a plat thereof of that part which has not been viewed. 

" Ordered, that there be paid unto John Dill, Esq., eight dollars 
out of the county treasury, cash by him advanced to purchase a lock 
for the jail of Franklin County. 

"Adjourned. "LUCAS SULLIVANT, Clerk." 

In the years 1805-6-7-8-9, a large number of re- 
spectable and substantial families were added to the 
infant county, amongst whom were the Miners,* — Isaac 

* Isaac Miner, afterward known by the title of Judge Miner, remov- 
ed from the State of New York to Franklinton, Ohio, in 1806 or '7, 
but he was a native of Massachusetts. Jeremiah, his brother, came 
the next year. They resided in Franklinton some one or two years, 
and from thence removed to Deer Creek, in Madison County, where 
they went largely and successfully into the grazing, feeding and driving 



32 HISTORY OF 

and Jeremiah — Samuel White and sons, the Stewarts, 
the Johnstons, the Weatheringtons, the Shannons, the 
Stambaughs, the Ramseys, the Mooberries, the Sharps, 
the Deckers, the Rarys, the Olmsteds, the Kiles, Jacob 
Gander, Percival Adams, John Swisher, George W. 
Williams, and others. 

From 1805 to 1811 or '12, a number of young men 
located in Franklinton, who grew up with the county, 
and became wealthy and conspicuous ; amongst whom 
were Gustavus Swan, R. W. McCoy,* Doctor L. Good- 



of stock. After a number of years, they purchased and removed to 
the large and valuable farm — late known as the "Miner farm," — near 
Columbus; where the Judge died in the fall of 1831, aged 53 years. 
He was an energetic business man, and successful in its pursuits. 

Jeremiah lived a bachelor, and died at an advanced age, at Sandusky, 
Wyandot County, in the spring of 1854, and was brought to Green 
Lawn Cemetry (on the old Miner farm) for interment. He was an 
honest, independent minded man, somewhat eccentric in his character, 
as evinced by the epitaph on his tomb stone. 

* Mr. McCoy died on the 16th of January, 1856, in the seventieth 
year of his age. He was a native of Franklin County, Pennsylvania. 
He was reared from boyhood to the business of merchandizing, and in 
1811 be removed from Mercersburg, Pennsylvania, where he had been 
doing business, to Franklinton, Ohio, with a small stock of goods, and 
there opened a store. About the year 1816, he removed his business 
to Columbus, where he continued the merchandizing until the time of 
his death. He was an active and useful citizen of the county about 
forty-five years, acquired a handsome property by his regular business, 
and was highly respected by all classes of citizens. He, as the succes- 
sor of Mr. Buttles, was President of the City Bank of Columbus, at 
the time of his death. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 66 

ale,* Doctor S. Parsons,-)- Francis Stewart, Samuel Barr, 
Henry Brown, Orris Parish, J and Ralph Osborn ; § 

* Doctor Goodale came in 1805. 

t Doctor Parsons died the 30th of December, 1857, in the seventy- 
second year of his age. He was a native of the town of Reading, 
Connecticut. He acquired his profession in his native State • removed 
to the west a young and unmarried man, and arrived at Franklinton on 
the first day of the year 1811, where he located and commenced the 
practice of his profession. In 1816, he removed over to Columbus, 
where he continued to practice until the last eight or nine years of his 
life, when he retired. As a physician, he was attentive and cautious, 
and acquired a high reputation — and as a citizen was highly respected. 
In 1843, he was, without solicitation or desire on his part, elected a 
Representative for this county in the State Legislature, where he served 
with ability. He also was for a number of years President of the 
Franklin Branch of the State Bank of Ohio. 

\ Mr. Parish, afterward known by the title of Judge Parish, was a 
young lawyer, from the State of New York. He acquired some 
distinction as a practitioner, and in 1816 was elected President Judge 
of the Court of Common Pleas for this district. At the legislative 
session of 1818-19, charges were exhibited against him, calling for an 
investigation of his official conduct. They were referred to a commit- 
tee, and the Judge published his address to the committee, in which he 
says : "To you, gentlemen, I submit my official conduct, and of you 
I solicit the most rigid inquiry, and the severest scrutiny." And closes 
with this sentence : " I neither ask or desire any other justice at the 
bar of my country, or Heaven, than that which I have contributed my 
best exertions to measure out to those whose rights have been confided 
to my hands." 

The committee reported in his favor, and soon after he resigned, and 
returned to the practice of the law. 

The Judge died in Columbus, in the summer or fall of 1837. 

§ Mr. Osborn came to Franklinton in 1806. He was a native of 
Waterbury, Connecticut, where he acquired his profession of the law. 
3 



34 HISTORY OF 

while a number of others passed off the stage before 
they had acquired fortunes or public distinction, and 
have been measurably forgotten. 

In June, 1810, there was an old Wyandot Chief, 
named Leatherlips, executed in this county, about four- 
teen miles north of Columbus, near the Delaware County 
line, on the charge of witchcraft. The account of this 
event is taken from Drake's Life of Tecumseh, where it 
is abridged from an article by Otway Curry, in the Hes- 
perian ; and is substantially corroborated by Wm. Sells, 
Esq., of Dublin, who is, perhaps, the only survivor of 
the white men referred to, that were present at the exe- 
cution. 

" General Harrison entertained the opinion that his 
death was the result of the Prophet's command, and 



He remained in Franklinton a few years, and when tbe County of Del- 
aware was organized, in 1808, be was appointed the first Prosecuting 
Attorney for that county. Not long after, he removed to Pickaway 
County; and in December, 1810, he was first elected Clerk of the 
House of Representatives in the Ohio Legislature, which place he held 
for five consecutive sessions — until he was elected Auditor of State, in 
1815. He then held the office of Auditor eighteen years in succession 
— three times as long as it has ever been held by any one, since. He 
was a popular Auditor, and filled the place with becoming dignity, and 
with urbanity. In the fall of 1833, he was elected to represent tbe 
counties of Eranklin and Pickaway in the Senate of Ohio, which place 
he also filled to the general satisfaction of his constituents. 

He died at his residence, in Columbus, the 30th of December, 1835, 
aged fifty-five years. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 35 

1810448 va . „ 

that the party who acted as executioners, went directly 
from Tippecanoe to the banks of the Scioto, where 
Leatherlips was found encamped, and where the tragedy 
was enacted. The six Wyandots who put him to death 
were headed, it is supposed, by the chief, Round- 
head. An effort was made by some white men who 
were present, to save the life of the accused, but with- 
out success. A council of two hours took place ; the 
accusing party spoke with warmth and bitterness of 
feeling. Leatherlips was calm and dispassionate in his 
replies. The sentence of death, which had been previ- 
ously passed upon him, was reaffirmed. The prisoner 
then walked slowly to his camp, partook of a dinner of 
jerked venison, washed and arrayed himself in his best 
apparel, ond afterwards painted his face. His dress was 
very rich, his hair gray, and his whole appearance grace- 
ful and commanding. When the hour for the execution 
had arrived, Leatherlips shook hands in silence with the 
spectators ; he then turned from his wigwam, and with 
a voice of surpassing strength and melody, commenced 
the chant of the death song. He was followed closely 
by the Wyandot warriors, all timing with their slow and 
measured march, the music of his wild and melancholy 
dirge. The white men were likewise all silent followers 
in that strange procession. At the distance of seventy 
or eighty yards from the camp they came to a shallow 



36 HISTOEY OF 

grave, which, unknown to the white men, had been pre- 
viously prepared by the Indians. Here the old man 
knelt down, and in an elevated but solemn tone of voice, 
addressed his prayer to the Great Spirit. As soon as he 
had finished, the captain of the Indians knelt beside him 
and prayed in a similar manner. Their prayers, of 
course, were spoken in the Wyandot tongue. After a 
few moments delay, the prisoner again sunk down upon 
his knees and prayed as he had done before. When he 
had ceased, he still continued in a kneeling posture. 
All the rifles belonging to the party had been left at the 
wigwam. There was not a weapon of any kind to be 
seen at the place of execution, and the spectators were 
consequently unable to form any conjecture as to the 
mode of procedure which the executioners had deter- 
mined on for the fulfillment of their purpose. Sudden- 
ly, one of the warriors drew from beneath the skirts of 
his capote a keen, bright tomahawk, walked rapidly up 
behind the chieftain, brandishing the weapon on high 
for a single moment, and then struck with his whole 
strength. The blow descended directly upon the crown 
of the head, and the victim immediately fell prostrate. 
After he had lain awhile in the agonies of death, the 
Indian captain directed the attention of the white men 
to the drops of sweat which were gathering upon his 
neck and face, and remarked with apparent exultation, 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 37 

that it was conclusive proof of the sufferer's guilt. 
Again the executioner advanced, and with the same 
weapon inflicted two or three additional heavy blows. 
As soon as life was entirely extinct, the body was hast- 
ily buried with all its apparel and decorations, and the 
assembly dispersed." 

There are a few old citizens remaining, who were per- 
sonally acquainted with the old Wyandot, Leatherlips. 
His character was that of a peaceable and harmless old 
Indian. A rude pile of stones, on the Kosciusco lands, 
near the county line, long marked the grave of the un- 
fortunate old chief. 



CHAPTER III. 

SKETCH OF THE COUNTRY FROM 1812 TO 1858. 

War of 1812 — Execution of W. Fish — Laying out of certain Towns, 
etc. — John Kilbourne's Works — Wm. Lusk and his Almanac — 
President Monroe's Visit — Sullivant's Bridge — Squirrel Hunt — 
Granville Road — Pugh's Bridges — Sickly Seasons, etc. — T. 
Backus's Poem — H. D. Little's Poem — Road to Worthington — 
Names of Streams — Silk Factory — Sugar Beet, etc. 

In this Chapter it is designed to give a sketch of the 
county generally from 1812 until 1858, leaving the 
several townships and the city to be afterwards noticed 
in separate Chapters under appropriate heads. 

In 1812 the town of Columbus was laid out, which 
will be made the subject of subsequent Chapters. And 
in the same year war was declared by the United States 
against Great Britain. During the war, from 1812 to 
1815, Franklinton was a place of much life and business. 
This was the most flourishing period of that town. 
Though immediately after the surrender of Hull's army 
at Detroit, in August, 1812, a general consternation 
ensued. A descent of the British and Indians upon this 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 39 

part of Ohio was feared ; and not altogether without rea- 
son, for Franklin County was then rather a frontier set- 
tlement, and the Indians had the possession of the entire 
Sandusky and Maumee country. Frequent false alarms 
were received, and a few families left the county through 
fear, and others fain would have done so, but for pride 
of character. The Governor soon ordered out the militia 
in mass, and the fears at home subsided. Franklinton 
soon became a place of general rendezvous, or head- 
quarters for the north-western army. There were some- 
times from one to two or three thousand troops there for 
short periods ; but they were almost constantly on the 
move, coming and going. There would at other times 
be but few, or none, except the officers in the commis- 
sary department, who were busily engaged in buying 
and collecting provisions and forage. 

The productions of the country then found a ready 
cash market at high prices, and almost every man's 
pocket was flushed with money. Pork, which had pre- 
viously sold for $1.50 per hundred, now readily brought 
$4.00; and flour was $4.00 per hundred; oats and corn, 
from 50 cents to $1.00 per bushel; hay from $10 
to $20 per ton ; and other things in proportion. After 
the conclusion of peace, and when the lavish expenditure 
of public money necessarily attendant upon a state of 
war had ceased, Franklinton began to decline, and 



40 HISTORY OF 

times generally took a turn, and about the years 1819, 
'20, '21, '22 and '23, the pressure was, perhaps, the 
greatest. Over a hundred parcels of real estate were 
sometimes embraced in one advertisement of Sheriff's 
sales.* The productions of the country had now fallen 
in price to — for pork $1.50 per hundred ; flour from 
$1.00 to $1.25 per hundred ; corn from 10 to 12 cents 
per bushel; potatoes 12 cents per bushel; and other 
produce in proportion, and dull sales at these prices. 
Real estate had fallen in about the same proportion. 
The most rigid economy was now practiced by all 
grades of society. The wealthiest families used rye 
coffee ; and the most distinguished public men dressed 
in blue linsey pantaloons, etc. 

In June, 1813, while the army lay at Franklinton, a 
soldier, by the name of William Fish, was shot, under 
the sentence of a court martial, for the offense of deser- 
tion and threatening the life of his captain. It was an 
awful scene. 

Three other prisoners were condemned to death by 
the same court martial, but were pardoned by General 
Harrison. The last one who was pardoned, had been 
previously conducted to his coffin, and the cap placed 
over his eyes, in which situation he remained until Fish 
was shot. His pardon was then read to him. 



* Columbus Gazette of January 30, 1823, and January 1824. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 41 

In 1816, the first banking institution was established 
in Columbus. The same year, the town of Columbus 
was first incorporated, and the same year, the town of 
Georgesville was laid out. In 1817, the town of 
Oregon, originally called Middletown, was laid out, and 
in 1818, the town of Dublin. They will all be noticed 
under the head of their respective localities. 

In 1816, John Kilbourne obtained a copy-right for 
the " Ohio Gazetteer," and published the first edition of 
that work. The demand for it was such, that within 
less than three years, he published his sixth edition, in 
Columbus. About the year 1822, he also published his 
Map of Ohio, which was much in use for a number of 
years. Mr. Kilbourne's works were very useful and 
highly appreciated. He died in Columbus, in the 
spring of 1831. 

In 1817, William Lusk published his first Almanac, 
at Columbus, to which was added a Register of public 
officers, etc., of the State, by counties, making a pamph- 
let of some sixty or seventy pages, and entitled it the 
" Ohio Register and Western Calendar? for which he ob- 
tained a copy-right. The Register part was continued 
some five or six years, when it was dropped ; but the 
Almanac was published annually until about the year 
1852 or '53. Mr. Lusk died at Dayton, about the year 
1854 or '55. In his Register of 1821, he thus describes 



42 HISTORY OF 

the old county seat : * Franklinton, the county seat, 
contains a post office, a store, three taverns, a common 
school, and an Academy, in which are taught English 
Grammar, Geography, Book-keeping, double and single 
entry, Mensuration, Geometry, Trigonometry, Plane and 
Spherical Surveying, Navigation, Algebra and Astron- 
omy." Rather a flattering notice of his own school. 

Worthington is described as containing, "A post office, 
a printing office, four taverns, four mercantile stores, a 
College, a Masonic hall and a number of large manufac- 
tories for woolen cloths, hats, saddles, shoes, combs," etc. 

In the latter part of August, 1817, President Monroe 
and suite passed through this county, on their return 
from Detroit after his northern tour of inspection of 
the public fortifications, etc. They were met at Worth- 
ington by the Franklin Dragoons, commanded by Cap- 
tain Vance, and escorted to Columbus, where proper 
arrangements had been made for the reception; and 
the President was received in the State House, and 
welcomed to the Capital by a neat and appropriate 
speech from Hon. Hiram M. Curry, then Treasurer of 
State. To which the President made a suitable reply, 
complimenting the " infant city," as he called it, and its 
inhabitants. 

They traveled on horseback, and were generally 
escorted from one town to another by the military, or 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 43 

some distinguished citizens. They rode fast, generally 
in a canter. Mr. Monroe wore the old-fashioned, three- 
cornered, cocked hat — his dress otherwise was in plain, 
citizen style. His face was effectually sunburnt from 
exposure. 

Of the company composing the above escort, there 
are still living in Columbus, Gen. P. H. Olmsted and 
F. Stewart, Esq. 

This troop of dragoons was first organized in time of 
the war, and continued until 1832, or '33, when they 
disbanded. They were commanded by the following, 
successive captains : Joseph Vance, Abram J. McDow- 
ell, Robert Brotherton, P. H. Olmsted, Joseph McElvain 
and David Taylor. All good officers, and all now 
passed off the stage except Messrs. Olmsted and Taylor. 
But the writer, through this work, has made it a rule to 
say but little of individuals yet living, while he pays an 
occasional mark of respect to the deceased. And even 
under this rule, he finds himself embarrassed ; for it is 
impossible to notice all that he would desire to. 

Captain Vance was a fine military officer, and was in 
the service, in different grades of office, during the 
greater part of the war. He was amongst the early 
settlers of the county ; married in Franklinton in 1805, 
and remained a resident of the county the balance of 
his life. He was a surveyor and for many years the 



44 HISTORY OF 

County Surveyor ; was one of the conspicuous citizens 
of his day, and highly respected. He died in 1824. 
His widow still survives, and lives with her son, Cham- 
bers Yance, Esq., of Blendon. 

Captain McDowell was a military officer of portly 
and commanding appearance. He was afterward pro- 
moted to the rank of Colonel, which title he bore 
through life. He was amongst the early settlers of the 
county, and held the office of Clerk of the Courts and 
County Recorder many years. He was afterward May- 
or of the city of Columbus. Was a man of free and 
jovial disposition, and always had warm friends. He 
died in the fall of 1844, in the 54th year of his age. 

Captain Brotherton was the third commander of this 
popular troop, and was, from that, promoted to the rank 
of Colonel, which title he bore through life. He was a 
native of Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, and came 
to Franklinton when a youth, and resided in this county 
ever after. He married a daughter of Captain Kook- 
en, a family of high respectability. He was of a mild 
and sociable disposition, and became very popular, 
apparently without an effort on his part. He served 
two constitutional terms of four years each, as Sheriff, 
and filled that critical and unpleasant office with pecu- 
liar ease and kindness, and was never charged with 
oppression. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 45 

He died in November, 1837, aged about forty-five 
years. 

Captain McElvain, like his predecessors in the com- 
mand of the troops, was promoted to the rank of Colonel 
in the Ohio militia, and bore the title of Colonel through 
life. He died suddenly on the 7th of February, 1858, 
at his residence in Worthington, aged about 65 years. 
Col. McElvain was one of the first residents of Franklin 
County. He came here with his father and family, 
when he was a child, in the spring of 1798, and 
remained here ever since. He was in turn farmer, mer- 
chant, hotel-keeper an^ public officer. He was many 
years an assistant at the Ohio Penitentiary. He held 
the office of County Treasurer four years, and was 
Superintendent of the County Infirmary a number of 
years, and discharged the duties of his office with 
kindness and urbanity. 

In 1815, or '16, a wooden toll bridge was erected 
across the Scioto, on the road leading from Columbus to 
Franklinton, by Lucas Sullivant, under a charter from 
the Legislature. The bridge started from near the 
same point on the east side of the river that the present 
one does, but, running more direct across the river, 
landed several rods lower down on the west side. And 
a new road was opened from thence through the fields 
to Franklinton, and passed through Franklinton one 



46 HISTORY OF 

square further south than the road had formerly been, 
or now is. This change gave dissatisfaction generally 
to the property holders on the main street. The bridge 
stood some eight or ten years, when some of the timbers 
becoming rotten, it fell. It was then rebuilt, starting 
from the same point on the east, and running in the 
same direction that the national road bridge does ; 
and the former road to and through Franklinton was 
restored. 

This toll-bridge and the franchise fell to the share of 
Joseph Sullivant in the division of his father's estate. 
When the national road was constructing, about the 
year 1832 or '33, upon the superintendent agreeing to 
erect a good, free bridge, at the expense of the govern- 
ment, provided Sullivant's right under the charter was 
extinguished, the citizens, principally of the north end 
of Columbus, aided by a few subscriptions west of the 
river, raised by contribution $8,000 ; and the county 
(through the commissioners) gave $2,000 more, making 
$10,000, which was paid to Mr. Sullivant for his right ; 
and thereupon, the present substantial structure was 
erected at the expense of the general government, as a 
part of the national road. 

For the first twenty years or more, after the settle- 
ment of this county, fishing and hunting were favorite 
amusements ; and the fish and game being plenty, a 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 47 

person did not tire in the pursuit. Fishing was some- 
times with a net seine, but more frequently with a brush 
drag, which required from a dozen to twenty men, and 
was a kind of frolic. Hunting was for the double or 
treble purpose of amusement, the obtaining of fresh 
game for the table, and the protection of the crops 
against devouring animals. 

The subjoined account of a general squirrel hunt, from 
the Columbus Gazette of August 29th, 1822, is illustra- 
tive of the above fact. And at the same time it brings 
to view the names and the memory of a number of re- 
spectable citizens of that day, most of whom have now 
passed away. 

" Grand Squirrel Hdnt. — The squirrels are becoming so numer- 
ous in the county as to threaten serious injury, if not destruction, to the 
crops of the farmer during the ensuing fall. Much good might be done 
by a general turn out of all citizens whose convenience will permit, for 
two or three days, in order to prevent the alarming ravages of those 
mischievous neighbors. It is, therefore, respectfully submitted to the 
different townships, each, to meet and choose two or three of their citi- 
zens to meet in a hunting caucus, at the house of Christian Heyl, on 
Saturday, the 31st inst., at 2 o'clock P. M. Should the time above 
stated prove too short for the townships to hold meetings, as above re- 
commended, the following persons are respectfully nominated and invited 
to attend the meeting at Columbus : Montgomery, Jeremiah McLene 
and Edward Livingston ; Hamilton, George W. Williams and Andrew 
Dill ; Madison, Nicholas Goetschius and W. H. Richardson ; Truro, 
Abiather V. Taylor and John Hanson ; Jefferson, John Edgar and 
Elias Ogden ; Plain, Thomas B. Patterson and Jonathan Whitehead ; 
Harrison, F. C. Olmsted and Capt. Bishop; Sharon, Matthew Mat- 
thews and Buckley Comstock; Perry, Griffith Thomas and William 



48 HISTORY OF 

Mickey; Washington, Peter Sells and Uriah Clark; Norwich, Robert 
Elliott and Alanson Perry ; Clinton, Col. Cook and Samuel Hender- 
son ; Franklin, John McElvain and Lewis Williams; Prairie, John 
Hunter and Jacob Neff; Pleasant, James Gardiner and Reuben Golli- 
day ; Jackson, Woolkry Conrad and Nicholas Hoover; Mifflin, Adam 
Reid and William Dalzell. 

" In case any township should be unrepresented in the meeting, 
those present will take the liberty of nominating suitable persons for 
said absent townships. 

"Ralph Osborn, Lucas Sullivant, 

" Gustavus Swan,* Samuel G. Flenniken, 

" Christian Heyl,* Joun A. McDowell." 

A subsequent paper says : " The hunt was conducted 
agreeably to the instructions in our last paper. On 
counting the scalps, it appeared that nineteen thousand 
six hundred and sixty scalps were produced. It is impos- 
sible to say what number in all were killed, as a great 
many of the hunters did not come in." The hunting or 
killing of deer was successfully practiced by candle or 
torch light, at night, on the river. The deer in warm 
weather would come into the river after night, to eat a 
kind of water-grass that grew in the stream, and the 
hunters, by taking a canoe, and a bright light in it, 
could let it float down stream, and the light appeared to 
blind the deer, until they could float near to them, and 

shoot them with ease. 

In March, 1823, we find in the Gazette the following 

* Yet living. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 49 

proposition for improving the Granville road, which 
was then the most direct eastern line of road from Co- 
lumbus, and was almost impassable, being but little else 
than one continuous mud hole : 

" The undersigned respectfully request, that as many of the citizens 
of Franklin County as can make it convenient, will meet at the tavern of 
Robert Russell, on Saturday, the 11th day of April next, for the pur- 
pose of making arrangements to meet the citizens of Licking County, 
and labor on the Columbus and Granville road, for two days, in the 
latter part of May next. 

" Ebenezer Butler, John Kerr, 

" Archibald Benfield, Samuel G. Flenniken, 

" Samuel Shannon, Orris Parish, 

"Henry Brown,* Ralph Osborn, 

" William Neil,* James Kooken, 

" J. A. McDowell, James K. Corey, 

"P. H. Olmsted,* Eli C. King, 

"A. J. McDowell, Francis Stewart."* 

"Edward Livingston, 

Near this time, David Pugh erected two toll bridges 
on this road — one over Alum Creek and the other over 
Big Walnut Creek. They were wooden structures, and 
did not last many years until they became unsafe, and 
he ceased to take toll, and abandoned the bridges. Mr. 
Pugh then lived by the road side, and kept a tavern 
east of Walnut Creek ; he did not keep toll collectors 
at the bridges, but collected from travellers at his house. 



Yet living. 



50 HISTORY OF 

Building his bridges was an unprofitable enterprise. 
Mr. Pugh died in October, 1857, in the eighty-ninth 
year of his age. The generation to which he had be- 
longed had run away from him ; and he too has now 
'•' gone glimmering through the dream of things that were? 

The summer and fall of 1823 exceeded any thing 
before known for sickness. The whole country was lit- 
tle else than one vast infirmary — whole families were 
frequently prostrate without well members enough to 
take care of the sick ones. The diseases were bilious 
and intermittent fevers, of all types, from the common 
fever and ague to the most malignant. Although the 
mortality was great, still it was not excessively so in pro- 
portion to the number of sick. Many prominent men 
were taken off that season, amongst whom were Lucas 
Sullivant,* Judge John A. McDowell, Judge John Kerr, 
David S. Broderick, Barzillai Wright, keeper of the Pen- 
itentiary, and others. The ensuing year, 1824, was also 
very sickly, but not so much so as 1823. Amongst the 
prominent old citizens carried off this year, were Capt. 
Joseph Vance, Billingsby Bull, Esq., James Culbertson, 
John Starr, sr., and others. 

Amongst the writers for the newspapers about this 

* Mr. Sullivant was about fifty-eight years of age. He was the 
leading pioneer in Franklin County — a man of enterprise, good judg- 
ment, and great energy of character. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 51 

time, was Thomas Backus (father of the late Elijah 
Backus) who wrote over the signature of ({ Fabius." 
Mr. Backus was an able and cutting writer. He occa- 
sionally wrote poetry. The following lines from his pen, 
have a reference to the demolition of the beautiful 
mound that once stood at the corner of High and Mound 
streets, in Columbus, and was partly used up in the 
manufacture of brick for the first State House, and from 
which many human bones were taken : 

" Oh Town ! consecrated before 
The white man's foot e'er trod our shore, 
To battle's strife and valour's grave, 
Spare ! oh spare, the buried brave. 

" A thousand winters passed away, 
And yet demolished not the clay, 
Which on yon hillock held in trust 
The quiet of the warrior's dust. 

" The Indian came and went again ; 
He hunted through the lengthened plain ; 
And from the Mound he oft beheld 
The present silent battle field. 

" But did the Indian e'er presume, 
To violate that ancient tomb ? 
Ah, no ! he had the soldier grace 
Which spares the soldier's resting place. 

"It is alone for Christian hand 

To sever that sepulchral band, 

Which ever to the view is spread, 

To bind the living to the dead. 

"Fabius." 



52 HISTORY OF 

Mr. Backus died in the fall of 1825. 

Harvey D. Little was also a contributor to the col- 
umns of the newspapers, and wrote over the signature 
of " Velasco." He was a young man of some talent, and 
afterward editor of the National Enquirer, published 
by Horton Howard. He mostly wrote poetry ; was of 
a sedate and solemn turn of mind, and his productions 
were generally expressive of his own feelings. The fol- 
lowing is a specimen of his poetry : 

" When many a year hath roll'd its round, 
And left life fast decaying ; 
"When all those silver ties which bound 
Our fondest hopes are straying ; 

" When wounded friendship finds no balm 
To heal its cruel anguish ; 
When pity's tears shall cease to charm 
The heart that's left to languish ; 

" 'Tis then that mem'ry brings to view 
The hours now passed forever ; 
The loves, the joys, the griefs we knew, 
Which shall return — never. 

" How faithful then mem'ry portrays 
Those hours of childish pleasure ; 
When basking in youth's brightest rays 
We thought each toy a treasure. 

" Our prospects then were sweet and fair, 
We thought no griefs could cloud them ; 
Nor that cold penury and care 

With gloom so soon would shroud them. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 53 

" But oft these prospects disappear, 
As time our years are stealing ; 
And retrospection calls a tear 
To ease each wounded feeling. 
"Worthington, July 20, 1823. Velasco." 

Mr. Little died in Columbus, of cholera, in 1833. 

In 1823, the present straight road from the north end 
of High street, Columbus, to Worthington, was opened ; 
previous to that, the road passed up the river, and 
Olentangy Creek* 

In 1824, the county seat was removed from Frank- 
linton to Columbus. 

Times remained dull, and prices of real estate and 
agricultural productions low, until about 1827 or 1828. 
And from about 1830 to 1837, improvements of all 
kinds and business generally, were brisk; and the price 
of real estate in both town and country, run up at rail- 
road speed. In fact, a kind of speculation mania pre- 
vailed about this time through all parts of the Union ; 
and the people of Franklin County partook in their full 
proportion. Buying and selling of real estate, laying 

* This stream, formerly called Whetstone, is, by a law passed in 
February, 1833, to restore the Indian names to certain streams, called 
Olentangy — and the stream sometimes called Big Walnut, and some- 
times Big Belly, is named Gahannah — though it is said that the name 
Gahannah is only applicable to that stream below the junction of the 
three creeks — Blacklick, Walnut, and Alum Creeks — that the Indian 
word Gahannah signifies — three united in one. 



54 HISTORY OP 

out towns, and sub-dividing lots and lands into smaller 
parcels, and selling, leasing, etc., were the most common 
operations of the speculator. The mora muUicaulus 
excitement also prevailed, and money was made by 
some in the sale of the plants, or bushes, — but those 
who bought and attempted to cultivate the mulberry, 
raise the worms, and manufacture the silk, did not suc- 
ceed so well. Messrs. Joseph Sullivant, A. S. Chew, and 
perhaps some others connected with them, set out a 
large field of the mulberry plants, and erected a good 
sized frame building near Franklinton, for a silk manu- 
factory. The experiment was made, but not succeeding 
well, the whole concern was abandoned in a few years, 
and nothing now remains to even show where the " Silk 
Factory" stood. 

The raising of the sugar beet, for the manufacture of 
sugar, was also another wild chimera introduced about 
this time. Mr. Sullivant also experimented in this, but 
abandoned the project after one or two years of rather 
unsuccessful operations. 

About the year 1837, this wild career of speculation 
— this getting rich one off another, without creating 
any additional wealth in the country, but merely ex- 
changing property from hand to hand, and every time 
placing a higher estimate on it, had about exhausted 
itself; and things began to gently recede, and by 1840 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 55 

business had again become very dull, and prices of real 
estate and produce had essentially fallen. 

During this year (1840) the principal business of the 
country, far and near, appeared to be electioneering — 
attending conventions and stump speeches, making and 
waving of flags, singing political songs, etc. All now 
appeared intent on saving the country and bettering their 
own conditions in this way. 

From 1846 or '47 until 1853, was another flow of 
speculative enterprise ; and money being plenty, and 
the currency good, the whole country improved rapidly. 
The city and towns flourished, population increased 
from emigration, and the farming interest never before 
was so prosperous. 

Since 1853, things have been again receding, partic- 
ularly in the city and towns — the farming interest is not, 
however, much affected yet, and probably will not be so 
much as the towns. The railroads bring the farmers so 
near to the eastern cities that they are not much de- 
pendent on their neighboring towns or city for a market 
for their productions. The capital of the towns and 
cities principally made the railroads — the farmer profits 
by them. 

About the year 1839 or '40, a paper mill was erected 
by Henry Roedter and John Siebert, on the Scioto, 
some two or three miles above Franklinton, where they 



56 HISTORY, ETC. 

for some time carried on the paper making business. It 
did not, however, succeed well, and Roedter soon passed 
out of the concern, and removed to Cincinnati. It was 
then for a time owned and worked by Siebert and Ernst 
Frankenberg, and succeeded no better. It then passed 
into the hands of Asahel Chittenden, who abandoned the 
old site and building, and in the fall of 1845, removed the 
machinery to a new brick building erected for that pur- 
pose, just above the national road bridge, in Columbus, 
where it was worked for some time by J. L. Martin and 
H. H. Hubbell, and then by William Murphy, until it 
was destroyed by fire, in 1848. It was then rebuilt 
and worked by Mr. A. B. Newburgh, until the fall of 
1849, when it finally closed its business. The same 
building was afterward converted into a machine shop, 
owned by Messrs Swan and Davis, and in July, 1854, 
it was again destroyed by fire — building, machinery, 
and all. 



CHAPTER IV. 



NEWSPAPERS. 



Ohio State Journal and its Antecedents — Freemen's Chronicle — 
Ohio Monitor — Ohio State Bulletin — Western Statesman — Co- 
lumbus Sentinel — Anti-Masonic Review — Western Hemisphere — 
Ohio Statesman — People's Press — Ohio Confederate — Old School 
Republican — Capital City Fact — Cross and Journal — Ohio Press 
— Ohio Cultivator — Free Soil Papers — German Papers — Sundry 
short lived papers. 

The first newspaper ever published in Franklin Coun- 
ty was at Worthington, in 1811. It was called the 
Western Intelligencer, and supported the measures of the 
general government. Col. Kilbourne was the original 
proprietor ; it however soon passed out of his hands, 
and early in 1814, the office was removed to Columbus, 
and the paper was then published by P. H. Olmsted, 
Joel Buttles, and Ezra Griswold, jr., and by a slight 
change in the title, was called the Western Intelligencer 
and Columbus Gazette, and it has been continued ever 
since, under different proprietors and modifications of 
title. It was the root, or original of what is now The 
Ohio State Journal. It soon passed entirely from But- 



58 HISTORY OF 

ties and Griswold, to Col. Olmsted, who dropped part of 
the title, and as sole proprietor and editor, published it 
until the year 1825, under the name of The Columbus 
Gazette. After the commencement of the sessions of the 
Legislature at Columbus, he did the State printing by 
contract. The office of State Printer was not created 
until the session of 1824-5, when George Nashee was 
elected the first State Printer, and he and John Bail- 
hache both came in as partners with Col. Olmsted, and 
the paper was then enlarged, and the title changed to 
the Ohio State Journal and Columbus Gazette. Mr. 
Nashee died before his term as State Printer expired, 
and Olmsted was appointed for the balance of the term. 
At the session of 1827-8, Judge John Bailhache was 
elected State Printer, and he and Olmsted bought out 
the Western Statesman, and merged it in the Journal. 
The Western Statesman was a paper of respectable ap- 
pearance, that had been commenced in 1825 by Zacha- 
riah Mills and Martin Lewis, and in 1826 it passed into 
the hands of Martin Lewis and Elijah Glover; afterward 
to Freedom Sever and Glover, and in 1828 they sold out 
and it was merged in the Journal, as just stated. In 
1831, Col. (afterward General) Olmsted sold out to 
Judge Bailhache, who continued proprietor and editor 
until the spring of 1835, when he sold out to Charles 
Scott and Smithson E. Wright, who united with it the Co- 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 59 

lumbus Sentinel, a paper that had grown out of Ohio State 
Bulletin, as hereinafter noticed. In 1837, Mr. Wright 
sold out to Scott, and John M. Gallagher, who had some 
months before started a new paper by the title of the 
Ohio Political Register, came in as partner with Scott in 
Wright's place, and merged the Register in the Journal, 
and the title was changed to Ohio State Journal and 
Register, but before long the Register was dropped from 
the title, and the paper assumed its present name — the 
Ohio State Journal. In the spring of 1839, Mr. Galla- 
gher was succeeded by Samuel Douglas, who continued 
in the concern less than a year, and sold out to Mr. 
Scott, and Scott then continued sole proprietor, assisted 
by various editors, amongst whom were James Allen, 
0. Follett, V. W. Smith, John Teesdale, Wm. B. Thrall, 
Henry Reed (now of the Cincinnati Commercial), and 
Wm. T. Bascom, until the year 1854, when he made an 
assignment to trustees, who, after continuing the pub- 
lication some time, organized and transferred the estab- 
lishment to the Ohio State Journal Company, and by 
them it was continued under the editorial charge of 
Oran Follett, assisted by Wm. T. Bascom and John 
Greiner, until the summer of 1856, when it passed 
into the hands of William Schoufer & Co., by whom it 
is at present conducted. 

In 1812 this paper (then the Western Intelligencer) 



60 HISTORY OF 

supported James Madison for the Presidency ; in 1816 
and 1820 it supported James Monroe (in 1820 there 
was no opposition to Monroe) ; in 1824 it supported 
Henry Clay ; in 1828, John Q. Adams ; in 1832, Henry 
Clay; in 1836, Wm. H. Harrison; in 1840, Harrison; 
in 1844, Henry Clay; in 1848, Zachariah Taylor; in 
1852, Winfield Scott; in 1856, John C. Fremont. 

The second paper in Franklin County was the Free- 
men's Chronicle, published in Franklinton, by James B. 
Gardiner. The motto was — 

" Here shall the Press the people's rights maintain, 
Unaw'd by influence and unbrib'd by gain ; 
Here Patriot truth its glorious precepts draw, 
Pledg'd to Keligion, Liberty and Law." 

Its publication was commenced in the summer of 
1812, and was continued between two and three years. 
The writer is under obligations to Wm. Domigan, Esq., 
for the examination of a bound volume of this paper — 
perhaps the only one extant. It was a small sized sheet, 
and the paper bad ; it bears quite an ancient appear- 
ance, but was rather a spicy affair. Its publication was 
during the war with Great Britain, and a large propor- 
tion of the matter consists of news from the army, and 
matters connected with the war. But it also contains 
much of the local news and business of the county. 
The official advertisements of Lyne Starling, as Clerk 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 61 

of the Court; of Samuel Shannon, as Sheriff; and of 
Adam Hosack and James B. Gardiner, as successive Post 
Masters, are quite frequent. And amongst the candi- 
dates for office, appear conspicuous, the names of James 
Kilbourne, Joseph Foos, Arthur O'Harra, Thomas John- 
ston, Wm. Shaw, Wm. McElvain, David Jamison, 
Michael Fisher, Alexander Morrison, William Reed, and 
Joseph Grate — all once prominent men in this county, 
but now all passed off the stage. Amongst the business 
men of the day, we find the frequent advertisements of 
R. W. McCoy, Henry Brown, Starling & Delashmut, L. 
Goodale, and Samuel Barr, merchants ; Archibald Ben- 
field, saddler ; Richard Courtney, nailor ; Samuel Cul- 
bertson, hatter; George Skidmore,* blacksmith; Mat- 
thew Bailey, shoemaker ; Samuel King, tanner ; David 
F. Heaton, tailor, etc. ; and of Orris Parish, lawyer, and 
of Doctor John Ball, physician. And amongst the mili- 
tary advertisements, are those of Joseph Foos, Brigadier 
General ; Edward Livingston, Colonel ; Gustavus Swan, 
Brigade Inspector; Jacob Reab, 1st Lieut, *of Franklin 
Dragoons, (Capt. Vance's company) ; John McElvain as 
3d Lieut, 26th Regiment U. S. Infantry, advertising de- 
serters, etc. 

After the discontinuance of the paper by Mr. Gardi- 

* Mr. Skidmore died in July, 1855, in the 83d year of his age. 



62 HISTORY OF 

ner, the materials passed into the hands of John Kil- 
bourne, who removed them to Columbus, and published 
two numbers of a paper called the Columbian Gazette; 
but his enterprise was not likely to succeed to his satis- 
faction, and the materials were sold out by parcels, and 
the paper and office discontinued. 

The third newspaper was the Ohio Monitor, com- 
menced and published in Columbus, by David Smith 
and Ezra Griswold, jr., in 1816. Griswold, however, 
soon sold out his interest to Smith, who remained sole 
proprietor and editor until the summer of 1836, when 
he sold out to Jacob Medary, and the Monitor was dis- 
continued, or merged in the Hemisphere. During three 
years of this time, from 1831 to 1834, Judge Smith 
was State Printer. 

In the political contest of 1824, the Monitor supported 
John Q. Adams for the Presidency. In 1828, it sup- 
ported Andrew Jackson, and from that time was a 
supporter of the Democratic party and measures. 

The fourth paper published in this county, was the 
Franldin Chronicle, published at Worthington, by Ezra 
Griswold, jr., and Caleb Howard. It was commenced 
about the year 1818, or 1819, and continued, probably, 
a couple of years only. 

In July, 1829, the Ohio State Bulletin was commenced 
in Columbus, by John A. Bryan and John A. Lazell. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 63 

At the end of about three years, they sold out to 
George Kesling, and John H. Wood became connected 
with Kesling, and they changed the title of the paper to 
the Columbus Sentinel, and advocated the claims of Judge 
McLean to the Presidency. In 1835, it was sold and 
transferred to Scott and Wright, who merged it in the 
Ohio State Journal, as before stated. For some time 
previous to this transfer, Jonas R. Emrie was also con- 
nected with the publication of the Sentinel. 

In 1830, the Ohio Register and Anti-Masonic Revieiv 
was removed from Milan, Huron County, to Columbus, 
and was published here about three years, by Warren 
Jenkins and Elijah Glover, and in 1833, the Masonic 
Lodges having generally disbanded, and the anti- 
masonic excitement ceased, the paper was discontinued. 

About the year 1832, the publication of the Western 
Hemisphere, a weekly, Jackson Democratic paper, was 
commenced, in Columbus, by Gilbert and Melcher. 
Afterward Melcher's interest passed to Hussel C. Bryan, 
and subsequent to that, Gilbert and Bryan sold out to 
Jacob Medary and George W. Manypenny. It then 
passed to Sacket Reynolds for a while, and then back 
to the Medarys, Samuel Medary having been elected 
State Printer, and the title was then changed to the 
Ohio Statesman. During the winter of 1833-4, while 
Gilbert and Melcher were proprietors of this paper, they 



64 HISTORY OP 

issued from the office the first daily paper published in 
Columbus. It was very small, and was entitled the 
Daily Advertiser. It only continued a few months. 
About the year 1845, the Statesman office was sold and 
transferred by Col. S. Medary to the Haswells, who con- 
tinued the paper without any material change in its 
character for perhaps a year or two, and it then passed 
back to Col. Medary, who continued its proprietor and 
senior editor until about the year 1853, when he sold to 
S. S. Cox, who continued as editor and proprietor until 
1855, when Mr. Cox sold to Mr. Derby of Cincinnati, 
and Mr. Derby conveyed it back to Col. Medary again, 
who subsequently conveyed it to James H. Smith, who 
still continues the publication of the paper. It has 
always been, through all its changes of editors and pro- 
prietors, a thorough Democratic paper. 

In 1836, a paper entitled The People's Press, was 
published in Columbus, by James B. Gardiner, for six 
months during the Presidential contest. It was zealous 
and efficient in the support of General Harrison for 
President, and, at the same time, supporting Robert 
Lucas, the Democratic candidate for Governor. 

In the summer or fall of 1838, John G. Miller com- 
menced the publication of the Ohio Confederate, a pro- 
fessed Democratic, State rights paper, which finally 
went with the popular current in support of General 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 65 

Harrison for the Presidency. In the spring of 1841, 
about the time Mr. Miller obtained the appointment of 
postmaster, he sold and transferred the paper to Doctors 
L. J. Moeller and N. M. Miller, and they changed the 
title of it to Old School Republican, and continued its 
publication as a Tyler paper about two years, when it 
died out and was discontinued. 

The Cross and Journal. This was a Baptist weekly 
paper, started in Cincinnati in 1831, removed to Colum- 
bus in 1838, and published there until the close of 
1849, when, having united with a Baptist paper of 
Indiana, it was removed again to Cincinnati. During 
the first nine years of its publication in Columbus, it 
was edited and published by Geo. Cole, Esq., now of the 
Journal and Messenger of Cincinnati. It was sold by 
him to the Rev. D. A. Randall and the Rev. J. L. 
Batchelder, who continued it for one year and then by 
Mr. Batchelder alone, until it was removed to Cincin- 
nati. 

About the year 1850, the Capital City Fact was com- 
menced by some five or six journeymen printers, when 
out of employment, as an experiment to make work for 
themselves, and succeeded as well as they expected ; 
but they, one by one, sold out their interest in the con- 
cern, until it is now owned, and the publication con- 
tinued by John Geary and son. Mr. Geary is a 
5 



66 HISTORYOF 

foreigner, from Ireland. His paper was professedly 
neutral in politics until 1854 and '55, when Know 
Nothingism reigned rampant, the Fact came out bold 
and strong, as might naturally be expected, against this 
new party or order in politics. But in 1856, after the 
Know Nothing party had nominated Mr. Fillmore their 
candidate for the Presidency, the Fact changed its 
position and became the zealous supporter of the Know 
Nothing nominee. 

The Ohio Press was a Democratic paper, commenced 
by Eli T. Tappan, in 1847, rather as a rival to the Ohio 
Statesman. It was a respectable paper, published 
weekly, semi-w T eekly and part of the time, daily. It 
did not, however, continue more than a year or two. 

The Ohio Cultivator, a semi-monthly paper, devoted to 
Agriculture, Live Stock, Fruits, Gardening, and Domes- 
tic Affairs, was commenced in Columbus, in 1845, by 
M. B. Bateham, Esq. About the first of January 1856, 
he sold and transferred the entire establishment to Col. 
S. D. Harris, the present editor and proprietor. 

In the summer or fall of 1848, after the Buffalo con- 
vention that nominated Martin Van Buren for the Pres- 
idency, a Free Soil paper, under the name of the Ohio 
Standard, was commenced in Columbus by E. S. Hamlin 
and Israel Garrard. In the month of February, 1849, 
it was suspended. In November, 1849, Franklin Gale 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 67 

and Thomas Cleveland commenced the publication of 
the Ohio /Standard again, and continued it until Septem- 
ber, 1850, when they sold out to 0. Glover ; and he 
continued its publication until the spring of 1851, when 
its publication closed. 

About the first of January, 1853, another Free Soil 
paper was commenced, under the name of the Ohio 
Columbian, by Mr. Rice and others, and in the early part 
of the year 1855, it was transferred to A. M. Gangewer, 
who continued its publication until it was merged in the 
Ohio State Journal, in the summer of 1856. 

In 1840, Capt. Elijah Glover, who had for some time 
previous kept a book and job office, commenced the 
publication of the Ohio Tribune. Walter Thrall, Esq., 
was for a time associated with him in the editorial 
department, and then Gideon Stewart, Esq. It was a 
Whig paper, and creditably conducted. Some years 
after, about the year 1848, George M. Swan became 
connnected with Mr. Glover in the publication of the 
Tribune, and subsequently, in 1849, Glover sold out to 
Swan. Mr. Glover is a respectable writer, but a little 
too honest, as well as independent, for a political editor. 
He is emphatically republican, in the true sense of the 
word, both in theory and practice ; and by always advo- 
cating what he considered right, he sometimes found 
himself out of the popular current, and he finally relin- 



68 HISTORY OF 

quished the printing business, and is now enjoying the 
independence of a farmer's life. Mr. Swan, after his 
purchase of the paper, changed the title to that of 
Swarfs Elevator. It was rather a local and advertising 
sheet, professedly neutral in politics. About the year 
1853, a temperance paper, which had been published 
some time in Columbus, was united with the Elevator, 
and the name of the latter changed to the Columbus Ele- 
vator, and its character changed to that of a temperance 
paper. In the spring of 1855, Swan sold out and trans- 
ferred the establishment to Gamaliel Scott, who left the 
temperance cause to take care of itself, and continued 
the paper upon the plan it originally started. In the 
fall of 1856, John Greiner, Esq., was taken in as a part- 
ner and principal editor, and the title then changed to 
Columbus Gazette. In the fall of 1857, Scott sold out 
his remaining interest to Charles S. Glenn, and it is 
now continued by the firm of Greiner and Glenn. 

Amongst the various other newspapers and period- 
icals, which have been published in Columbus, but 
which have generally been short-lived, the following are 
recollected, whilst probably others are forgotten : 

National Enquirer, by Horton Howard, and edited by 
Harvey D. Little. 

The Eclectic, by Horton Howard, and edited by 
William Hance. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 69 

The Thompsonian Recorder, first published by Jarvis 
Pike & Co., about the year 1832. It was continued 
under different editors and proprietors until it was 
removed to Cincinnati by Doctor Curtis in 1842. 

The Independent Press, by Hugh M. Espy & Co., a 
short time about the year 1832 or '33. 
Budget of Fun, by the same. 

The StraigU-out Harrisonian, by Allen, Sage and 
Beverage, in 1840. 

The Tornado, by B, P. Sage, in 1840. 
And the Auger, by T. W. H. Mosely, in 1840. 
The Ohio Freeman, by Capt. John Duffy, and then 
the Columbus Herald, by the same, about the years 1842 
and '43. 

About the years 1833 and '34, there were two Ger- 
man papers in Columbus, one entitled the Emigrant, and 
the other Ohio Intelligencer, both discontinued long since. 
We now have West Bote, which was commenced in the 
fall of 1843, and is published by Reinhardt and Fieser. 
In 1853, the Ohio Democrat was commenced in 
Columbus by Blake and Osgood, edited by Charles B. 
Flood. Not long after,' it was removed to Urbana, 
where its publication is continued by Mr. Flood. 



CHAPTER V. 

TURNPIKES AND PLANK ROADS. 

Columbus and Sandusky Turnpike — Columbus and Worthington 
Plank Road — Columbus and Portsmouth Turnpike — Columbus 
and Harrisburg Turnpike — Columbus and Jobnstown Turnpike — 
Columbus and Sunbury Turnpike — Columbus and Granville Plank 
Road — Columbus and Lockwin Plank Road — Columbus and 
Groveport Turnpike — Cottage Mills and Harrisburg Turnpike — 
Jackson and Franklin Turnpike — Clinton and Blendon Plank Road. 

The Columbus and Sandusky Turnpike was the first 
joint stock Company road constructed, any part of which 
was in Franklin County. 

On the 31st of January, 1826, an act was passed by 
the Legislature incorporating John Kilbourne, Abram I. 
McDowell, Henry Brown, William Neil, Orange John- 
son, Orris Parish, und Robert Brotherton, of Franklin 
County, and nineteen others, named in the act, and re- 
siding along the line of the road, in and about Delaware, 
Bucyrus and Sandusky, and their associates, by the 
name of " The Columbus and Sandusky Turnpike Com- 
pany," with a capital of $100,000, with power to in- 
crease the same to $200,000 ; the stock divided into 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 71 

shares of $100 each ; the company to be governed by 
a Board of nine Directors. 

The charter was accepted by the Company ; and by 
an act of Congress, passed March 3, 1827, there was 
thirty-one thousand eight hundred and forty acres of 
land given to the State of Ohio in trust, for the use of 
the said Company, to aid them in the construction of the 
road. Without unnecessary delay, the road was survey- 
ed and located. Col. Kilbourne was the surveyor, and 
Orange Johnson, Esq., was one of the locating commis- 
sioners, and the principal agent for the Company from 
first to last. The road was near eight years in the 
constructing, and was finished in the fall of 1834. It 
is one hundred and six miles in length, from Columbus 
to Sandusky, and cost $74,376, being an average cost 
of a little over $701 per mile. The charter required 
that, at least eighteen feet in width should be made "an 
artificial road, composed of stone, gravel, wood, or other suit- 
able materials, tvell compacted together, in such manner as to 
secure a firm, substantial and even road, rising in the middle 
tvith a gradual arch? Upon a proper construction of this 
clause has hung all the troubles between the road Com- 
pany and the traveling public. The Company seem to 
have supposed that a properly formed clay road would 
meet the requirements of the charter, while the public 
seem to have expected a stone or graveled road. The 



72 HISTORY OF 

charter required that the Governor should, at the proper 
time, appoint an agent to examine the road, and report 
his opinion in writing to the President of the Company, 
whether the same he completed agreeably to the provis- 
ions of the charter; and Nathan Merriman was appointed 
the agent for that purpose, and he reported " that he had 
examined the road, and that, in his opinion, the same 
was completed agreeably to the provisions of the act 
incorporating said Company." And thereupon the Com- 
pany erected their gates, and exacted toll from those 
traveling the road. The road was quite an important 
public improvement at that time, but it was only a clay 
or mud pike ; and in the spring and wet seasons of the 
year, it was, in places, almost impassable ; and to be 
obliged to pay toll at such times, was grievously com- 
plained of, and the gates occasionally torn down ; but 
the agent of the Company would immediately reerect 
them. The subject was finally brought before the Leg- 
islature, and on the 28th of February, 1843, the act 
incorporating the Company was unconditionally repealed ; 
and it was further provided, that it should not be lawful 
thereafter for said Company to erect or keep up any 
gate or collect any tolls on the road. At the same ses- 
sion, in March, 1843, commissioners were appointed for 
that purpose, who surveyed and laid out a State road 
from Columbus to Sandusky, upon the bed of the turn- 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 73 

pike ; and on the 12th of March, 1845, an act was 
passed establishing the same a public highway. Until 
this time, the toll gates had been kept up and toll re- 
ceived, notwithstanding the repeal of the charter. But 
immediately after the passage of this act, the gates on 
the road were torn down by an excited populace, and 
never more erected. There was but one gate on this 
road within the bounds of Franklin County, and that 
was about two miles north of Columbus. The Company 
claim that these acts of the Legislature are unconstitu- 
tional ; that their road had been made according to the 
provisions of the charter, and rely most particularly up- 
on the decision of the State agent, who had formally 
accepted the road ; and they have been applying 
ever since to each successive Legislature, for relief. 
At the session of 1843-4, a committee, of which Dr. S 
Parsons was chairman, reported in favor of the Road 
Company conveying to the State all their rights, inter- 
ests and privileges in the road, and that the State pay 
the stockholders, severally, the amount of their stock in 
State bonds, and that the road be declared one of the 
public works of the State, and placed under the control 
and supervision of the Board of Public Works. 

In 1847, by a resolution of the Legislature, the sub- 
ject was referred to the Attorney General, (Henry Stan- 
berry, Esq.,) and in his report, he did not directly give 



74 HISTORY OF 

an opinion on the constitutionality of the repeal, but 
says : "lam of opinion that a wrong has been done the 
Company," etc. At the session of 1856-7, a bill passed 
the Senate, to authorize the Company to bring suit 
against the State for injustice done in the repeal of the 
charter ; but the bill was lost in the House. 

The Columbus and Worthington Plank Road or Turn- 
pike. By an act of the General Assembly, passed March 
23, 1849, Solomon Beers, John Phipps, John B. Piatt, 
Philip Fisher, and Robert E. Neil, and such others as 
might associate with them, by subscribing to the capital 
stock of the Company, were incorporated by the name 
of the " Columbus and Worthington Plank Road or 
Turnpike Company," to construct a plank road or turn- 
pike from Columbus to Worthington, with privilege to 
extend it to Delaware, at the option of the Company. 
The Company to be governed by three Directors, to be 
chosen annually. The charter was accepted, and books 
opened on the 15th of April, 1849, for subscriptions to 
the stock. On the 5th of May, 1849, the requisite 
amount of stock being subscribed, the stockholders pro- 
ceeded to the election of Directors, and B. Comstock, 
Wm. Neil, and Alanson Bull, were chosen the first Board 
of Directors. The Company were authorized to con- 
struct their road upon any public road or highway; and 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 75 

they accordingly constructed it on the bed of what had 
been the Columbus and Sandusky Turnpike. The road 
was made in 1849 and '50, and on the first of January, 
1851, the first dividend was made and paid to the stock- 
holders. The capital stock of the company is $27,825, 
divided into shares of $25 each; but may be increased 
to $50,000. The present officers of the Company, are 
W. T. Martin, Pres't; Luther Donaldson, Sec'y; Ansel 
Phinney, Treas'r; Directors. 

The Columbus and Portsmouth Turnpike. This is a 
good graveled turnpike road, all the way through from 
Columbus to Portsmouth, and is properly but one road ; 
though there were separate books for subscription in 
each county through which it passed ; and the stock- 
holders of each county made, keep in repair, and control 
the road, within their respective counties. The capital 
stock of the Franklin County part is $8,800, divided 
into shares of ten dollars each. The subscriptions were 
promptly paid, and the road constructed in 1847, since 
which it has paid fair and reasonable dividends. There 
is but one gate in this county, and that is about one 
mile south of Columbus. The elections for Directors 
have always been held at Circleville ; the number as- 
signed to Franklin County is three, and they attend 
exclusively to the business of the road within their 



76 HISTORY OF 

county. The present Directors for Franklin County are 
Eli W. Gwynne, Robert Neil and Adin G. Hibbs. 

The Columbus and Harrislurg Turnpike. This Com- 
pany was incorporated in 1847, and the road was con- 
structed in 1848 and '49. Uriah Lathrop, Esq., was the 
surveyor and engineer. The capital stock of the Com- 
pany is $20,815, divided into shares of $25 each. The 
construction of the road cost $35,602. The county 
(through the County Commissioners) donated $4,500 for 
the erection of the bridge over the Scioto. This, it will 
be seen, still left the Company largely in debt when the 
road was finished. During the first two or three years, 
there were two gates kept on the road, but the western 
one has since been removed, and there is now but the 
one, two miles west of Columbus. There has never 
been any dividend made to stockholders ; but all the 
proceeds of the road have been applied to the defraying 
of expenses, and the gradual payment of the debts, 
which are now nearly extinguished. The Company is 
governed by a Board of five Directors, to be chosen 
annually. The present Board (most of whom have 
served from the first organization of the Company), are 
Joseph Chenoweth, Pres't ; George M. Parsons, Treas'r ; 
Harvey Bancroft, A. P. Stone, and Adam Gantz. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 77 

The Columbus and Johnstown Turnpike Road. By an 
act passed March 1, 1850, Robert Neil. Windsor Atchi- 
son, George Ridenour, Jesse Baughman and Walter 
Thrall, and their associates, were incorporated by the 
name of the " Columbus and Johnstown Turnpike Com- 
pany," to construct a turnpike or plank road, from Co- 
lumbus to Johnstown, passing through New Albany, 
with the privilege of extending it to Mt. Vernon, in 
Knox County. The capital stock subscribed and paid, 
is between ten and eleven thousand dollars, divided into 
shares of $25 each ; but the stock may be extended to 
$70,000. The Company organized, and in the summer 
of 1851, constructed about seven miles of the road, ex- 
tending from Columbus to Walnut Creek, opposite to 
the village of Bridgeport ; and erected two (less than 
half toll) gates on it. The construction, so far as it is 
made, is paid; and the Company are receiving moderate 
dividends. The further extension of the road is consid- 
ered doubtful. The Company is governed by a Board 
of live Directors. The present Board consists of Ermine 
Case, Pres't ; Robert Neil, Windsor Atchison, George 
Ridenour, J. W. Baldwin. 

The Columbus and Sunbury Turnpike and Plank Road. 
By an act passed March 20, 1850, Wm. Trevitt, Chris- 
tian Heyl, Peter Agler, James Park, Geo. W. Agler, 



78 HISTORY OP 

John Dill, Peter Harlocker, Timothy Lee, W. G. Edmi- 
son, John Curtis, E. Washburn, Stillman Tucker, and 
their associates, were incorporated to construct a turn- 
pike or plank road from Columbus to Sunbury. The 
capital stock may be extended to $75,000, divided into 
shares of $25 each. 

This road commences about three miles north-east 
from Columbus, where it verges off from the Columbus 
and Johnstown Road, and extends to Central College. 
It was constructed in 1852 ; capital stock taken and 
expended in construction, is between six and seven 
thousand dollars. The Company are out of debt ; have 
one gate on the road, and are receiving moderate divi- 
dends. It is governed by a Board of five Directors, to 
be elected annually. The present Board consists of 
C. Heyl, Pres't; T. Lee, Sec'y; Jno. Dill, Treas'r; James 
Park and Henry Zinn. 

The Columbus and Granville Plank Road or Turnpike. 
On the 8th of February, 1850, Joseph Ridgway, Sam- 
uel Barr, Gates O'Harra, Wm. A. Piatt and Samuel 
Brush, and such others as might become associated with 
them, were incorporated by the name of the " Columbus 
and Granville Plank Road or Turnpike Company," to 
construct a road of gravel, stone, or plank, at the option 
of the Company, from Columbus to Granville, with the 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 79 

privilege of extending it to Newark. The capital may 
be extended to $100,000, divided into shares of $50 
each. The road was located and constructed with one 
good plank track, in 1852, from Columbus to Walnut 
Creek, a distance of about seven miles, and a gate 
erected. The affairs of the Company are controlled by 
a Board of five Directors. The present Board consists 
of Samuel Brush,* Pres't ; Gates O'Harra, Wm. A. Piatt, 
F. C. Sessions and Wm. G. Deshler. 

Columbus and Groveport Turnpike. By an act passed 
19th of March, 1849, William Harrison, Nathaniel 
Merion, Wm. H. Rarey, William Darnell, Edmund Stew- 
art, Wm. W. Kyle and their associates were incorporated 
by the name of " The Columbus and Groveport Turn- 
pike Company," to construct a turnpike road from 
Columbus to Groveport, with the privilege of extending 
it. The capital stock to construct it to Groveport to not 
exceed $20,000, to be divided into shares of $25 each. 
The actual amount subscribed was about $12,300, and 
the road was completed in the fall of 1850. The cost 
somewhat exceeded the amount of stock subscribed, but 
the balance was soon paid from the earnings of the road, 



* Mr. Brush has been President from the first organization of the 
Company. Hence it is generally called " Brush's Plank Road." 



80 HISTORY OF 

and it is now out of debt and paying fair dividends. 
There are two gates on this road, and it is governed by 
a board of five directors. The present board are Amor 
Rees, President ; Dwight Stone, Secretary ; William 
Merion, Treasurer ; Jacob Arnold, and John H. Earhart. 

Cottage Mills and Harrisburg Turnpike . On the 20th 
of March, 1851, an act was passed, incorporating Adin 
G. Hibbs, Levi Strader, Solomon Borer, Isaac Miller and 
William Duff, and their associates, by the name of the 
" Cottage Mills and Harrisburg Turnpike Company," to 
make a turnpike road from the Columbus and Ports- 
mouth turnpike, opposite to the Cottage Mills, to inter- 
sect the Columbus and Harrisburg pike. 

The road was made in 1852 ; is about seven and a 
half miles in length, and has one gate on it, which was 
erected, and the first toll received in October, 1852. 
The road cost about $13,000, which being considerably 
over the amount of stock subscribed and paid, left the 
Company in debt for its construction. The directors 
have not yet made any dividends, but applied the earn- 
ings of the road toward the payment of the debts. 

The first Board of Directors were S. B. Davis, A. G. 
Hibbs, Isaac Miller, Levi Strader and Solomon Borer. 
The contractor who constructed the road was A. Poul- 
son, Esq. The present acting officers of the Company 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 81 

are Dr. S. B. Davis, President; A. G. Hibbs, Esq., 
Treasurer. 

Franklin and Jackson Turnpike. By an act, passed 
20th of March, 1851, Samuel Landes, John Moler, 
Adam Miller, Jacob Huffman, John Stimmel, John" 
Cherry, Wm. L. Miner, Gersham M. Peters and Michael 
L. Sullivant were incorporated to make a turnpike road 
from the Columbus and Harrisburg turnpike, or from 
Franklinton, at the option of the Directors, to the south 
line of Franklin County. 

The Company organized, and in 1 852, the road was 
constructed from the Harrisburg turnpike down the 
river to the Cottage Mill and Harrisburg pike, a dis- 
tance of nine or ten miles. The amount of stock sub- 
scribed and paid was about $6,000. The cost of the 
road was between $7,000 and $8,000, leaving the Com- 
pany between $1,000 and $2,000 in debt on the con- 
struction. The Directors have not made any dividends 
to stockholders, but applied the earnings of the road 
towards the discharge of the debt, which is not yet all 
paid. They have two half gates, one at the south end of 
the road and the other near the north end. 

Present Board of Directors — Robert Seeds, Pres- 
ident ; George Huffman, John Moler, Adam Miller, W. 
Brackenridge. 
6 



82 HISTOKY OF 

The Columbus and Lochvin Flank Road. This Com- 
pany was incorporated in the spring of 1853, under the 
general law, authorizing such incorporations, and the 
evidence thereof filed with the Secretary of State. The 
road commences at the intersection of the old Harbor 
road with the Columbus and Johnstown Turnpike, and 
extends seven miles. The first five miles were made in 
1853, and the remaining two miles, the next year. The 
charter authorizes the extension of it to Lockwin, Dela- 
ware County. The original stock was $14,000, which 
was nearly all paid. The cost of the seven miles was 
about $16,500, a fraction less than $2,400 per mile ; 
plank eight feet long and three inches thick, laid on 
two stringers four inches square. The deficiency to 
meet the cost of construction has been paid by tolls col- 
lected from the road ; and the road being now out of 
debt, is paying fair dividends. 

The acting officers of the company now (1858) are 
G. S. Innis, President ; H. C. Noble, Secretary and 
Treasurer. 

The Clinton and Blendon PlanJc Road. This Company 
organized under the general act, in 1853 ; and in '53 
and '54 they constructed their road. It commences at 
the Lockwin road, about four miles north of Columbus, 
and extends to the county line half a mile north of 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 83 

Westerville, its whole length being a fraction over eight 
miles. The capital stock subscribed was about $16,000 
about $14,000 of which was promptly paid, the balance 
being as yet unpaid. The whole cost of the road was 
about $16,600, averaging a little over $2,000 a mile. 
The earnings of the road necessarily had to be applied 
for a time to pay the balance on the cost of construction. 
There are two gates on this road. From the southern 
terminus the travel to Columbus passes on the Lockwin 
road. This road is of decided public utility ; but 
whether it will remunerate stockholders is another 
question that time must determine. 

The officers of the company are G. W. Schrock, J. W. 
Jamison, W. L. Phelps, D. L. Holton, and Z. Jackson, 
Trustees ; G. W. Schrock, President ; J. C. Vance, Sec- 
retary ; H. M. Phelps, Treasurer. 



CHAPTER VI. 



THE COLUMBUS CANAL 



Celebration at first Breaking of Ground — Contractors, etc. — Names 
of Interested Citizens — Arrival of first Boats, etc. — Names of 
Collectors. 

On the 30th of April, 1827, was the commencement 
of the first manual operations upon this part of the 
Ohio Canal. The citizens of Columbus and its neighbor- 
hood, to the number of eight or nine hundred, assembled 
at the State House, and at two o'clock formed a proces- 
sion, marshalled by Colonels McDowell and McElvain, 
and preceded by General Warner and his suite, and 
parts of Captain Joseph McElvain's company of Dra- 
goons, Captain Foos's company of Riflemen, Captain A. 
McElvain's company of Riflemen, Columbus Artillery, 
and State officers, and marched to the ground near 
where Comstock's warehouse now stands. Joseph R. 
Swan, Esq., then delivered a short, but pertinent 
address ; and at its close, Gen. McLene, then Secretary 
of State, and Nathaniel McLean, Esq., then Keeper of 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 85 

the Penitentiary, proceeded to remove the first earth 
from the lateral canal, which was wheeled from the 
ground by Messrs. R. Osborn and H. Brown, then 
Auditor and Treasurer of State, amidst the reiterated 
shouts of the assembly. The company then retired 
from the ground to partake of a cold collation, prepared 
by Mr. C. Heyl, on the brow of the hill a few rods 
north of the Penitentiary square. After the cloth was 
removed, the following among other toasts, were drank : 

" The Ohio Canal — The great artery which will carry 
vitality to the extremities of the Union." 

" The Citizens of Columbus — Behold how good and 
how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in 
unity. Who envies this day, let him slink back to his 
cavern and growl." 

This branch of canal was over four years construct- 
ing. The heaviest jobs were the canal dam across the 
Scioto and the Columbus locks, Messrs. W. McElvain, 
A. McElvain, B. Sells and P. Sells, contractors; the 
four-mile locks, Aaron Lytle, contractor ; and the eight 
locks at Lockbourne, the Granville Company, consisting 
of Messrs. Monson, Fasset, Taylor and Avery, contract- 
ors. The first mile from the Scioto was excavated by 
the Penitentiary convicts under guards. Such men 
were selected by the keeper as would have least induce- 



86 HISTORY OF 

ments to break away ; and they generally received a 
remitment of part of their sentences for faithful ser- 
vices. 

The farming and producing part of community were 
watching with great anxiety the progress of this work, 
pretty correctly anticipating the new era that the com- 
pletion of the canals would introduce in the Ohio 
markets. Of the substantial farmers along this short 
line, who were thus watching its progress, might be 
named William Merion, Moses Merrill, William Stewart, 
R. C. Henderson, Joseph Fisher, Andrew Dill, Percival 
Adams, Michael Stimmel, Fergus Morehead, Samuel 
Riley, James German, Thomas Morris, William Bennett, 
Jacob Plum, Luke Decker and Thomas Vause. Of 
whom Messrs. Adams, Stimmel and Riley are the only 
survivors. 

On the 23d of September, 1831, the first boat arrived 
at Columbus by way of the canal. About eight o'clock 
in the evening the firing of cannon announced the 
approach of the " Governor Brown," a canal boat 
launched at Circleville a few days previous, and neatly 
fitted up for an excursion of pleasure to this place, 
several of the most respectable citizens of Pickaway 
County being on board as passengers. The next morn- 
ing at an early hour, a considerable number of ladies and 
gentlemen of Columbus repaired to the boat in order to 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 87 

pay their respects to the visitors ; and after the delivery 
of a brief but very appropriate address by Gen. Flournoy, 
exchanging those friendly salutations and cordial greet- 
ings which the occasion was so well calculated to call 
forth, the party proceeded back to Circleville, accompa- 
nied a short distance by a respectable number of the 
citizens of Columbus, and the Columbus band of music. 
On the afternoon of the second day after, two canal 
boats, the " Cincinnati " and the " Red Rover," from the 
lake by way of Newark, entered the lock at the mouth 
of the Columbus feeder where they were received by a 
committee appointed for that purpose, and proceeded un- 
der a national salute of twenty-four guns, and music from 
the Columbus band, to a point just below the national 
road bridge, where the commanders were welcomed in 
the name of the citizens of Columbus by Col. Doherty, in 
a very neat address. A procession was then formed, 
when the company proceeded to Mr. Ividgway's large 
warehouse, and partook of a collation prepared in hand- 
some style by Mr. John Young. A third boat, the 
" Lady Jane," arrived soon afterward and was received 
in a similar manner. On the day following, these boats 
having disposed of their freight took their departure for 
Cleveland in the same order and with about the same 
ceremonies as on their arrival, a large number of ladies 
and gentlemen, together with the Columbus band, 



88 HISTORY, ETC. 

accompanying their welcome visitors as far as the five- 
mile locks. Here they met the " Chillicothe " and 
" George Baker," which took them on board, and they 
returned home highly delighted with their ride, at the 
rate of three or four miles an hour. 

Joseph Ridgway, jr., was the first collector of canal 
tolls, and kept the office up at the Ridgway warehouse 
on Broad street, and nearly all the boats passed up 
there to put out and take in freight. 

M. S. Hunter was the second collector, and the office 
was removed to the head of the canal, where it has con- 
tinued ever since; and the freight business has also been 
nearly all done there since the removal of the office. 

David S. Doherty was the third collector, Charles B. 
Flood the fourth, Samuel McElvain the fifth, and Ben- 
jamin Tressenrider the sixth and present collector. 



CHAPTER VII 



POOR HOUSE, OR INFIRMARY. 



Wben Erected — When Removed to Columbus etc. — Names of Offi- 
cers generally. 

On the 8th of March, 1831, the Legislature of Ohio 
passed " An act to authorize the establishment of Poor 
Houses " in any county in the State, at the discretion of 
the Commissioners of the County. In some counties 
the Commissioners, without delay, availed themselves of 
the provisions of the act, and in some other counties 
they never did. 

In 1832, the Commissioners of Franklin County pur- 
chased the farm in the forks of Whetstone, some three 
miles above Columbus, now occupied by Robert King, 
Esq., and commenced the erection of a Poor House 
building, which was completed and ready for the recep- 
tion of paupers on the first of February, 1833. The 
first Board of Directors, appointed by the Commission- 
ers, consisted of Jacob Grubb, Ralph Osborn, and P. B. 
Wilcox; and they appointed Captain Robert Cloud, now 



90 HISTORY OF 

of Columbus, Superintendent, and Dr. Wm. M. Awl, 
physician for the Institution. The Superintendent occu- 
pied part of the building, and had the use of the form, 
which he cultivated with his own team and utensils ; and 
the Directors paid him a specified sum per week for 
boarding each pauper. Mr. Cloud continued thus in 
charge of the Institution one year, when he resigned, 
and William King succeeded him as Superintendent, 
upon the same terms, and continued until October, 
1837;* when the Directors, who at this time consisted 
of James Walcutt, George B. Harvey, and W. T. Martin, 
concluded to change the policy, and to stock the farm 
and pay the Superintendent a fixed salary for working 
it and taking care of the house and inmates. Accord- 
ingly, John R. Wright, an industrious man, and practical 
farmer, was engaged at a moderate salary. Wright 
thus continued farmer and Superintendent until the 



* In January, 1837, Mr. King reported to the Directors the names, 
ages, etc., of all the inmates — nine in number — amongst whom was 
" Mary Sours, aged about 93 years." She lived and remained in the 
Institution until 1849, when she died ; and must, according to the 
record, have been 105 years old at the time of her death. She just 
sank with old age, 

" Till like a clock, worn out with eating time, 
The weary wheels of life at length stood still." 

A good portrait of the old lady, taken by Mr. Walcutt, still hangs 
in the hall of the Institution. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 91 

spring of 1840. By this time, additional improvements 
being needed, the Directors (now consisting of Walcutt, 
Martin and Win. Domigan) and the County Commis- 
sioners seemed to all concur in the opinion, that the 
location had better be changed ; it being too far from 
Columbus, from whence more than three-fourths of the 
paupers were sent ; and it was both inconvenient and 
expensive, conveying sick and infirm persons to it ; and 
sometimes in seasons of high water, it was inaccessible, 
there being no bridge over the creek. Though there 
was for a time a rickety wooden bridge across the Sci- 
oto, above the mouth of the creek, which however stood 
but a few years. Hence, in the fall of 1839, a five 
acre lot, on which the present Poor House stands, was 
purchased by the Commissioners, and new buildings 
erected. The old Poor House farm was then sold, and 
the live stock and farming utensils were disposed of at 
vendue, in November, 1839 ; and the paupers were re- 
moved to the new Institution the first of May, 1840. 
Edward Hedden was now keeper or Superintendent, and 
Dr. Sisson, physician. 

At the legislative session held in the winter of 1841 
and '42, an act was passed requiring all Poor House 
Directors to be elected as other county officers — they 
having previously been appointed by the County Com- 
missioners. In the fall of 1842, the first election of Di 



92 HISTORY OF 

rectors was had. Up to this time, Walcutt, Martin and 
Domigan, were continued Directors; and the successive 
physicians to the Institution had been. Doctors Awl, 
Sisson, N. M. Miller and Schenck. Mr. Hedden was 
continued as keeper until the fall of 1844, when Dr. 
Schenck was by the Directors appointed in the double 
capacity of keeper and physician, and was continued 
until the first of June, 1851, when Joseph McElvain 
was appointed to succeed him as keeper, and Dr. Short 
as physician. Dr. Schenck's administration of the affairs 
of the Institution was rather of a showy character, and 
generally well received by the public, but much com- 
plained of by the inmates. In December, 1852, Charles 
Jucksch was appointed to succeed McElvain. In Decem- 
ber, 1853, McElvain was again appointed to succeed 
Jucksch. In December, 1854, Daniel Evans was appoint- 
ed to succeed McElvain ; and the first of March, 1857, 
Dr. L. J. Moeller, being one of the Directors and physi- 
cian, was appointed keeper or Superintendent also, in 
place of Mr. Evans. The succession of physicians since 
Dr. Schenck's time has been Doctors Short, Moeller, C. 
E. Denig, Boyle, and Moeller again. The course of pol- 
icy pursued by the Directors towards transient paupers, 
and poor families, needing temporary relief, has always 
been about the same. In fact, there has been no mate- 
rial change in any respect, since the removal of the In- 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 93 

stitution to its present location ; but a constant, gradual 
gliding into extravagance, with the changes of the times. 

In March, 1850, an act was passed by the Legislature 
to change the name of Poor Houses generally to that of 
" County Infirmaries," by which name they are now 
commonly designated. 

In 1844, the Commissioners purchased six acres more 
of land adjoining their other five acre lot, so that there 
are now eleven acres of the Infirmary grounds, in the 
south-eastern corner of the city limits. On this six 
acre lot the City Council have erected a City Hospital, 
and furnished it for the reception of transient persons 
who may be infected with contagious diseases. This 
hospital has, however, always been under the care and 
management of the keeper of the Infirmary. 

In 1854, the County Commissioners seemed to enter- 
tain an idea of removing the Institution again to a farm ; 
and accordingly, purchased a firm of over a hundred 
acres, on the Groveport turnpike, about two miles east 
of the Court House, for which they paid between thir- 
teen and fourteen thousand dollars. They have not, 
however, yet made any move toward erecting buildings, 
or preparing it for the purposes for which it was pur- 
chased — and it is quite presumable they never will ; for 
it is quite certain that, with the pauper labor there can- 



94 HISTORY OF 

not be one quarter of the ground cultivated that is 
already connected with the present building. 

The keeper or Superintendent in his report for the 
year ending first of June, 1856, says : 

The number of paupers admitted during the year, 160 
" " discharged " " 137 

" " died " " 26 

Remaining then in the Institution — adult males 17; 
adult females 29 ; children 17, - - 63 

Daily average during the year, - - - - 68 

Highest number 87 ; lowest, 54. 

The expenses of the same year were - - $9,800 

Names and times of election of Directors since they 
were made electable : 

1842. George Frankenberg elected for - 1 year. 
Augustus S. Decker, " 2 " 
Robert Riordan, " - - 3 " 

1843. George Frankenberg, reelected - 3 " 

1844. Augustus S. Decker, " - 3 " 

1845. Robert Riordan, " - 3 " 

1846. George Frankenberg, « - - 3 " 

1847. A. S. Decker, « - - 3 " 

1848. John Walton in place of Riordan. 

1849. S. D. Preston in place of Frankenberg. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 95 

1849. Arthur O'Harra for two years to fill the vacancy 
occasioned by Walton's removal from the county. 

1850. Decker reelected for - - - 3 years. 

1851. O'Harra " - 3 « 

1852. Amos S. Ramsey elected in place of Preston. 

1853. Rufus Main elected in place of Decker. 

1854. Orin Backus elected in place of O'PIarra. 

1855. L. J. Moeller elected in place of Ramsey. 

1856. John Lisle elected in place of Main. 

1857. William Aston elected in place of Backus. 

Present officers of the Institution (1858) and their sala- 
ries as fixed by the Board of Directors : 

DIRECTORS. 

L. J. Moeller, term expires Oct. 1858/ 
John Lisle, " " « 1859 
Wm. Aston, " " " 1860 



Per diem pay. 



Mr. Aston is the acting Director — salary - $350 

KEEPER. 

L. J. Moeller — salary - - - - $600 

PHYSICIAN. 

L. J. Moeller — salary - - - - $300 



CHAPTER VIII. 

AGRICULTURAL AND HORTICULTURAL SOCIETIES. 

Franklin County Agricultural Society. At a meet- 
ing of the citizens of Franklin County, held at the City 
Hall in Columbus, on the 6th of September, 1851, it was 
resolved to proceed to organize a County Agricultural 
Society ; and a constitution which had been previously 
prepared, was reported and adopted. It provides that 
the officers of the Society shall be a President, Vice 
President, Secretary, Treasurer and five Managers, who 
together shall constitute a Board of Directors, and shall 
all be elected annually. That the members of the 
Society shall each pay one dollar a year into the trea- 
sury. That there shall be an annual County Fair, etc. 

At the same time and place, the following gentlemen 
were elected the first board of officers : 

President — Samuel Me&ary. 
Vice President — Samuel Brush. 
Treasurer — G. M. Peters. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 97 

Secretary — Wm. Dennison, jr. 

Managers — Pliny Curtis, David Taylor, Joseph 
O'Harra, Wm. L. Miner, and W. H. Rarey. 

A committee of three from each township and ward 
was then appointed to obtain subscribers to the con- 
stitution and collect the dues from members. 

At the next meeting a set of by-laws were adopted, 
and at a meeting, on the 27th of September, G. M. 
Peters resigned the office of Treasurer, and Robert 
Hume was appointed in his place ; and by order of the 
Board, soon after, he drew from the county treasury two 
hundred dollars, in pursuance of a statute of the State, 
passed 28th of February, 1846, entitled "An act to 
encourage agriculture." Soon after, in October, 1851, 
the first County Fair was held on the State Fair grounds 
near Franklinton; and in May, 1852, Mr. Hume report- 
ed the state of the finances as follows : 

Cash received of 339 members, - - $339 00 

" received from treasurer of county, - 200 00 
" received from sale of admission tickets 

at Fair, 59 50 



598 50 
Deduct am't paid for premiums and expenses, 329 36 



Leaving a balance in the treasury of, - $269 14 

7 



98 HISTORY OF 

At the election of Directors in May, 1852, the result 
was as follows : 

President — Samuel Brush. 
Vice President — Jacob Slyh. 
Treasurer — Robert Hume. 
Secretary — Benjamin Blake. 

Managers — M. L. Sullivant, W. H. Rarey, Wm. L. 
Miner, E. F. Jennings and Lucien Buttles. 

The Directors had now turned their attention to the 
purchase and improvement of grounds of their own, on 
which to hold their future Fairs ; and in July, 1852, 
they effected a purchase of eight acres from Mr. Samuel 
Barr, upon which they immediately commenced their 
improvements. And in October of the same year, the 
second County Fair was held on their own ground. 

About this time, the Board passed an order that any 
person on paying twenty dollars in advance towards the 
purchase and improvement of the grounds, should there- 
by be constituted a life member of the Society without 
any further assessments or charges. The following 
gentlemen availed themselves of the order, and thereby 
aided the infant society, and created themselves life 
members, to wit : Samuel Brush, Benjamin Blake, 
Robert Hume, M. L. Sullivant, Wm. H. Rarey and 
Lucien Buttles. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 99 

Election of Directors in the spring of 1853 : 

President — Samuel Brush. 
Vice President — Moses Seymour. 
Secretary — Benjamin Blake. 
Treasurer — Robert Hume. 

Managers — Lucien Buttles, Joseph M. Sullivant, C. 
W. Speaks, Wm. L. Miner and Eli F. Jennings. 

The Fair for the year 1853 was held on the Society 
grounds the last three days in September. 
Election of Directors in the spring of 1854* : 

President — Wm. L. Miner. 
Vice President — Benjamin Blake. 
Secretary — J. W. Baldwin. 
Treasurer — Thomas Moodie. 

Managers — Messrs. Seymour, Slyh, Sullivant, B urr 
and Clark. 



*At this meeting, Mr. Brush, the President, delivered an interesting 
address to the Society, and declined a reelection. 

The meeting then passed the following complimemtary resolutions : 

Resolved, That it is with profound regret, the members of the 
Society hear that their able and efficient President, Samuel Brush, 
Esq., peremptorily declines a reelection. 

Resolved, That this Society have a high appreciation of his valuable 
labors in their behalf, and hereby tender to him their hearty thanks for 
the good he has accomplished for the cause of Agriculture in Franklin 
County. 



100 HISTORY OF 

The annual Fair for this year was held on the 13th, 
14th and 15th days of September 

Election of Directors in the spring of 1855 : 

President — Lucien Buttles. 
Vice President — John Clark. 
Secretary — *■ Henry C. Noble. 
Treasurer — Thomas Moodie. 

Managers — Alex. Mooberry, J. W. Long, Charles 
Pontius, G. S. Innis and J. W. Parks. 

In June of this year, the County Commissioners 
appropriated two hundred and fifty dollars towards 
improving the cross road from the national road to the 
Fair grounds. 

The Fair this year was held on the 12th, loth and 
14th days of September. 

Election of Directors in the spring of 1856 : 

President — John Clark. 
Vice President — Alexander Mooberry. 
Secretary — Gamaliel Scott. 
Treasurer — Thomas Moodie. 

Managers — J. C. McDaniel, D. S. Elliot, H. C. Noble 
John Moler and David Taylor. 

Fair this year on the 17th, 18th and 19th of Septem- 
ber. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 101 

Election of Directors 10th of April 1857: 

President — David Taylor, of Truro. 

Vice President — Alex. Mooberry, of Montgomery. 

Secretary — Gamaliel Scott, of Columbus. 

Treasurer — Thomas Moodie, of Columbus. 

Managers — J. H. Stage of Columbus, W. T. Decker 
of Madison, John Stimmel of Jackson, J. C. McDaniel 
of Blendon, and S. S. Davis of Perry. 

The annual Fair for 1857 was held on the 9th, 10th 
and 11th days of September. 

Columbus Horticultural Society. The first meeting 
of the citizens to form this Society, was held on the 10th 
of April, 1845. At this meeting, the late Bela Latham 
was chosen chairman, and M. B. Bateham, Secretary ; 
and a committee was appointed to report a Constitution 
and By-Laws. This committee consisted of Messrs. M. 
B. Bateham, Joseph Sullivant, Samuel Medary, John 
Burr, Alex. E. Glenn, Joseph Ridgway, jr., and Joel 
Buttles. 

The next meeting was held May 12th ; the Constitu- 
tion was adopted, and Bela Latham elected President ; 
W. S. Sullivant and Sam'l Medary, Vice Presidents ; 
Joseph Sullivant, Recording Secretary; M. B. Bateham, 
Cor. Secretary ; John W. Andrews, Treasurer ; Dr. I. G. 



102 HISTORY OF 

Jones, John Burr, John A. Lazell, John Fisher, Moses 
Jewett, John Miller and Leander liansom, Managers. 

On the 26th of September, 1845, the first public Ex- 
hibition or Fair of the Society was held, at which there 
was a good display of fruits and flowers, and which was 
well attended by the citizens. 

At the annual meeting, in March, 1846, Mr. Latham 
was reelected President. The annual Fair this year 
was on the 3d and 4th of September, at which there 
was a large display of fruits and flowers, and premiums 
were awarded. 

In 1847, Mr. Latham was again reelected President, 
and the Society held their Fair on the 7th and 8th of 
September. 

At the annual meeting, in March, 1848, Dr. I. G. 
Jones was chosen President, in place of Mr. Latham, 
whose ill health prevented him from discharging the 
duties of the office. In this year the Society lost its 
most active and efficient member in the death of Mr. 
Latham, which took place on the 21st of April. 

The Society had not yet been incorporated ; but on 
the 13th of March, 1849, an act of incorporation was 
passed, which reads as follows : " That Francis Stewart, 
John Miller, Joseph Sullivant, I. G. Jones, Adam Sites, 
Lucien Buttles, Benjamin Blake, William Merion, M. B. 
Bateham, Samuel McClelland, Thomas Stockton, Samuel 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 103 

Medary, A. H. Lazell, John Burr, Alexander E. Glenn, 
their associates and successors, be and they are hereby 
incorporated by the name and style of the Columbus 
Horticultural Society, for the purpose of encouraging 
and improving the science and practice of horticulture, 
and the promoting and propagation of the various spe- 
cies of trees, fruits, plants and vegetables, and the intro- 
duction of new species and varieties, and for no other 
purpose whatever." 

In 1849, Dr. Jones was reelected President, and was 
continued several years. The prevalence of the cholera 
in 1849 and 1850, prevented the Society from doing 
much more than to keep up its organization. 

In 1851, the Society effected a purchase of ten acres 
of land from Mr. Samuel Barr, adjacent to the County 
Fair grounds, for the purpose of establishing a Society 
Garden. And in September of that year, they adopted 
a new Constitution, which superseded the old Constitu- 
tion and By-Laws. It provides : 

1st. There shall be regular life and honorary members. 

2d. That any person may become a regular member 
whose name is proposed at any meeting, by a vote of 
two-thirds of the members present, by signing the Con- 
stitution, and paying two dollars initiation fee, and one 
dollar annually thereafter, in advance. 

3d. That any member of the Society may become a 



104 HISTORY, ETC. 

life member by paying the sum of twenty dollars, which 
shall be in lieu of all assessments. 

4th. The officers of the Society consist of a Presi- 
dent, two Vice Presidents, a Treasurer, a Corresponding 
Secretary, a Recording Secretary ; and a Council, which 
shall consist of the President, Treasurer and three mem- 
bers, all to be elected annually. 

The garden grounds have been fenced and somewhat 
improved, but not yet cultivated as a garden. 

PRESENT OFFICERS OE THE SOCIETY. 

President — M. B. Bateham. 

Vice Presidents — Francis Stewart and Benjamin 
Blake* 

Treasurer — Henry C. Noble. 
Corresponding Secretary — Henry C. Noble. 
Recording Secretary — Robert Hume. 

* Mr. Blake died March 27, 1858. 



CHAPTER IX. 

JOHN BRICKELL — HIS CAPTIVITY, ETC. 

Mr. Brickell was one of the three or four first white 
men that ever took up their permanent residence in 
what is now Franklin County. He came here, he in- 
forms us, in 1797, and he ever after made it his place of 
residence ; living most of the time on a ten acre lot of 
land just in front of the Penitentiary, which he purchas- 
ed of Lyne Starling, before the town of Columbus was 
laid out. His narative, from which the following ex- 
tracts are taken, was written and published in 1842, in 
the American Pioneer, a monthly periodical. But as it 
was never seen by many, it seems highly proper to give 
it a place in this work. Mr. Brickell was an intelligent 
man, a hatter by trade, and for many years a member of 
the Methodist Church. He says : 

"I was born on the 24th of May, 1781, in Pennsyl- 
vania, near a place then known as Stewart's Crossings, on 
the Youghiogheny River, and, as I suppose from what I 
learned in after life, about four miles from Beesontown, 



106 HISTORY OF 

now Uniontown, in Fayette County. On my father's 
side, I was of Irish, and on my mother's of German pa- 
rentage. My father died when I was quite young, and 
I went to live with an elder brother, on a preemption set- 
tlement, on the north-east side of the Alleghany River, 
about two miles from Pittsburgh. On the breaking out 
of the Indian war, a body of Indians collected to the 
amount of about one hundred and fifty warriors, and 
spread up and down the Alleghany River about forty 
miles, and by a preconcerted movement, made an attack 
on all the settlements along the river, for that distance, 
in one day. 

" This was on the 9th of February, 1791. I was alone, 
clearing out a fence row, about a quarter of a mile from 
the house, when an Indian came to me, and took my axe 
from me and laid it upon his shoulder with his rifle, and 
then let down the cock of his gun, which, it appears, he 
had cocked in approaching me. I had been on terms 
of intimacy with the Indians, and did not feel alarmed 
at this movement. They had been about our house 
almost every day. He took me by the hand and pointed 
the direction he wanted me to go ; and although I did 
not know him, I concluded he only wanted me to chop 
something for him, and went without reluctance. We 
came to where he had lain all night, between two logs, 
without fire. I then suspected something was wrong, 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 107 

and attempted to run ; but he threw me down on my 
face, in which position I every moment expected to feel 
the stroke of the tomahawk on my head. But he had 
prepared a rope, with which he tied my hands together 
behind me, and thus marched me off. After going a 
little distance, we fell in with George Girty, son of old 
George Girty. He spoke English, and told me what 
they had done. He said i white people had killed In- 
dians, and that the Indians had retaliated, and now there 
is war, and you are a prisoner ; and we will take you 
to our town and make an Indian of you ; and you will 
not be killed if you go peaceably ; but if you try to 
run away, we won't be troubled with you, but we will 
kill you, and take your scalp to our town.' I told him 
I would go peaceably, and give them no trouble. From 
thence we traveled to the crossings of Big Beaver with 
scarce any food. We made a raft, and crossed late in 
the evening, and lay in a hole in a rock without fire or 
food. They would not make fire for fear we had attract- 
ed the attention of hunters in chopping for the raft. In 
the morning, the Indian who took me, delivered me to 
Girty, and took another direction. Girty and I contin- 
ued our course towards the Tuscarawas. We traveled 
all that day through hunger and cold, camped all night, 
and continued till about three in the afternoon of the 
third day since I had tasted a mouthful. I felt very 



108 HISTORY OF 

indignant at Girty, and thought if ever I got a good 
chance, I would kill him. 

" We then made a fire, and Girty told me that if he 
thought I would not run away, he would leave me by 
the fire, and go and kill something to eat. I told him I 
would not. ' But,' said he, ' to make you safe, I will tie 
you.' He tied my hands behind my back, and tied me 
to a sapling, some distance from the fire. After he was 
gone, I untied myself and laid down by the fire. In 
about an hour, he came running back without any game. 
He asked me what I untied myself for ? I told him I 
was cold. He said : ' Then you no run away ?' I said 
' no.' He then told me there were Indians close by, and 
he was afraid they would find me. We then went to 
their camp, where there were Indians with whom I had 
been as intimate as with any person, and they had been 
frequently at our house. They were very glad to see 
me, and gave me food, the first I had eaten after cross- 
ing Beaver. They treated me very kindly. We staid 
all night with them, and next morning we all took up 
our march toward the Tuscarawas, which w r e reached on 
the second day, in the evening. 

" Here we met the main body of hunting families, 
and the warriors from the Alleghany, this being their 
place of rendezvous. I supposed these Indians all to be 
Delawares ; but at that time I could not distinguish 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 109 

between the different tribes. Here I met with two white 
prisoners, Thomas Dick, and his wife, Jane. They had 
been our nearest neighbors. I was immediately led to the 
lower end of the encampment, and allowed to talk freely 
with them for about an hour. They informed me of the 
death of two of our neighbors, Samuel Chapman and 
William Powers, who were killed by the Indians — one 
in their house, and the other near it. The Indians 
showed me their scalps. I knew that of Chapman, hav- 
ing red hair on it. 

" Next day about ten Indians started back to 
Pittsburgh. Girty told me they went, to pass them- 
selves for friendly Indians and to trade. Among these 
was the Indian who took me. In about two weeks they 
returned well loaded with store goods, whisky, etc. 

" After the traders came back, the company divided ; 
and those who came with us to Tuscarawas, and the 
Indian who took me, marched on towards Sandusky. 
When we arrived within a day's journey of an Indian 
town, where Fort Seneca since stood, we met two war- 
riors going to the frontiers to war. The Indian I was 
with, had whisky. He and the two warriors got drunk, 
when one of the warriors fell on me and beat me. I 
thought he would kill me. The night was very dark, 
and I ran out into the woods, and lay under the side of 
a log. They presently missed me, and got lights to 



110 HISTORY OF 

search for me. The Indian to whom I belonged called 
aloud : ' White man, white man ! ' I made no answer ; 
hut in the morning, after I saw the warriors start on 
their journey, I went into camp, where I was much 
pitied on account of my bruises. Next day we arrived 
within a mile of the Seneca town, and encamped for the 
night, agreeably to their manner, to give room for their 
parade, or grand entrance the next day. That took 
place about eight o'clock in the morning. The ceremo- 
ny commenced with a great whoop or yell. We were 
then met by all sorts of Indians from the town, old and 
young, men and women. We then called a halt, and 
they formed two lines about twelve feet apart, in the 
direction of the river. They made signs for me to run 
between the lines towards the river. I knew nothing 
of what they wanted, and started ; but I had no chance, 
for they fell to beating me until I was bruised from 
head to foot. At this juncture, a very big Indian came 
up and threw the company off me, and took me by the 
arm, and led me along through the lines with such 
rapidity that I scarcely touched the ground, and was 
not once struck after he took me till I got to the river. 
Then the very ones who beat me the worst were now 
the most kind and officious in washing me off, feeding 
me, etc., and did their utmost to cure me. I was nearly 
killed, and did not get over it for two months. My 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. Ill 

impression is, that the big Indian, who rescued me, was 
Captain Pipe, who assisted in burning Crawford. The 
Indian who owned me did not interfere in any way. 

" We staid about two weeks at the Seneca towns. 
My owner there took himself a wife, and then started 
with me and his wife through the Black Swamp towards 
the Maumee towns. At Seneca I left the Indians I had 
been acquainted with, near Pittsburgh, and never saw 
or heard of them afterwards. When we arrived at the 
Auglaize River, we met an Indian my owner called 
brother, to whom he gave me ; and I was adopted into 
his family. His name was Whingwy Pooshies, or Big 
Cat. I lived in his family from about the first week in 
May, 1791, till my release in June, 1795. 

" The squaws do nearly all the labor except hunting. 
They take care of the meat when brought in, and 
stretch the skins. They plant and tend the corn ; they 
gather and house it, assisted by young boys, not yet able 
to hunt. After the boys are at the hunting age, they 
are no more considered as squaws, and are kept at 
hunting. The men are faithful at hunting, but when at 
home lie lazily about, and are of little account for any- 
thing else, seldom or never assisting in domestic duties. 
Besides the common modes, they often practice candle 
hunting ; and for this they sometimes make candles or 
tapers, when they cannot buy them. Deer come to the 



112 HISTORY OF 

river to eat a kind of water grass, to get which they 
frequently immerse their whole head and horns. They 
seem to be blinded by light at night, and will suffer a 
canoe to float close to them. I have practiced that kind 
of hunting much since I came to live where Columbus 
now is, and on one occasion killed twelve fine deer in 
one night. 

" The fall after my adoption, there was a great stir in 
the town about an army of white men coming to fight 
the Indians. The squaws and boys were moved with 
the goods down the Maumee, and there waited the 
result of the battle, while the men went to war. They 
met St. Clair, and came off victorious, loaded with the 
spoils of the army. Whingwy Pooshies left the spoils 
at the town and came down to move us up. We then 
found ourselves a rich people. Whingwy Pooshies's 
share of the spoils of the army was two fine horses, 
four tents, one of which was a noble marquee, which made 
us a fine house in which we lived the remainder of my 
captivity. He had also clothing in abundance, and of 
all descriptions. I wore a soldier's coat. He had also 
axes, guns, and every thing necessary to make an 
Indian rich. There was much joy among them. 

" I saw no prisoners that were taken in that battle, 
and believe there were none taken by the Delawares. 
Soon after this battle another Indian and I went out 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 113 

hunting, and we came to a place where there lay a human 
skeleton stripped of the flesh, which the Indian said had 
been eaten by the Chippewa Indians who were in the 
battle ; and he called them brutes thus to use their 
prisoners. During the time of my captivity I con- 
versed with seven or eight prisoners, taken from differ- 
ent parts, none of which w r ere taken from that battle, 
agreeably to my best impressions. One of the prisoners 
I conversed with, was Isaac Patton by name, who was 
taken with Isaac Choat, Stacy and others from a block- 
house at the Big Bottom, on the Muskingum. I lived two 
years in the same house with Patton. I think I saw 
Spencer once. I saw a large lad, who, if I recollect 
right, said his name was Spencer. He was with McKee 
and Elliot as a waiter, or kind of servant ; and, if I 
remember right, he was at the rapids. 

" On one of our annual visits to the rapids to receive 
our presents from the British, I saw Jane Dick. Her 
husband had been sold, I understood, for forty dollars, 
and lived at Montreal. He was sold because he was 
rather worthless and disagreeable to the Indians. 
When I saw her she lived at large with the Indians. 
She became suddenly missing, and a great search was 
made for her ; but the Indians could not find her. 
After my release from captivity, I saw her and her 
husband at Chillicothe, where they lived. 



114 HISTORY OF 

" She told me how she was liberated. Her husband 
had concerted a plan with the Captain of the vessel who 
brought the presents, to steal her from the Indians. 
The Captain concerted a plan with a black man, who 
cooked for McKee and Elliot, to steal Mrs. Dick. The 
black man arranged it with Mrs. Dick to meet him at 
midnight, in a copse of underwood, which she did, and 
he took her on board in a small canoe, and headed her 
up in an empty hogshead, where she remained until the 
day after the vessel sailed, about thirty-six hours. 
I remember well that every camp, and the woods were 
searched for her, and that the vessel was searched ; for 
the Indians immediately suspected she was on board. 
But not thinking of unheading hogsheads, they could 
not find her. I saw the black man at Fort Hamilton as 
I returned from captivity, who told me how he stole 
Mrs. Dick off, which was in every particular confirmed 
by Mrs. Dick's own statement afterward. He also told 
me that there was a plan concerted between him and 
the Captain, to steal me off at the same time. ' But,' 
said he, ' they watched you so close I could not venture 
it.' This I knew nothing of, until I was told by the 
black man, except that I observed the vigilance with 
which they watched me. 

"In the month of June, 1794, three Indians, two 
men and a boy, and myself, started on a candle-light 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 115 

hunting expedition to Blanchard's Fork of the Auglaize. 
We had been out about two months. We returned to 
the towns in August, and found them entirely evacu- 
ated, but gave ourselves little uneasiness about it, as we 
supposed the Indians had gone to the foot of the Mau- 
mee rapids to receive their presents, as they were 
annually in the habit of doing. We encamped on the 
lower island in the middle of a cornfield. Next morn- 
ing an Indian runner came down the river and gave 
the alarm whoop, which is a kind of a yell they use for 
no other purpose. The Indians answered and one went 
over to the runner, and immediately returning told us 
the white men were upon us, and we must run for our 
lives. We scattered like a flock of partridges, leaving 
our breakfast cooking on the fire. The Kentucky 
Riflemen saw our smoke and came to it, and just missed 
me as I passed them in my flight through the corn. 
They took the whole of our two months work, break- 
fast, jerked skins and all. One of the Kentuckians told 
me afterwards that they got a fine chance of meat that 
was left. 

" Wayne was then only about four miles from us, and 
the vanguard was right among us. The boy that was 
with us in the hunting expedition, and I, kept together 
on the trail of the Indians till we overtook them, but 



116 HISTORY OF 

the two Indians did not get with us until we got to the 
rapids. 

" Two or three days after we arrived at the rapids, 
Wayne's spies came right into camp among us. I 
afterwards saw the survivors. Their names were Mil- 
ler, McClelland, May, Wells, Mahaffy, and one other 
whose name I forget. They came into the camp boldly 
and fired on the Indians. Miller got wounded in the 
shoulder. May was chased by the Indians to the 
smooth rock in the bed of the river, where his horse fell. 
He was taken prisoner and the rest escaped. They 
then took May to camp. They knew him ; he had 
formerly been a prisoner among them, and ran away 
from them. They told him : ' We know you ; you 
speak Indian language ; you not content to live with 
us. To-morrow we take you to that tree ; (pointing to 
a very large bur oak at the edge of the clearing, which 
was near the British Fort,) we will tie you up and make 
a mark on your breast, and we will try w r hat Indian can 
shoot nearest it.' 

"It so turned out. The next day, the very day 
before the battle, they tied him up, made a mark on his 
breast, and riddled his body with bullets, shooting at 
least fifty into him. Thus ended poor May. 

" On the next day, being myself about six miles below 
with the squaws, I went out hunting. The day being 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 117 

windy, I heard nothing of the firing of the battle, hut 
saw some Indians on the retreat. One Indian, whom I 
knew, told me I had better go to camp, for the Indians 
were beaten, and they are preparing at camp to make 
their escape. The runners, towards dusk, came in, and 
said the army had halted and encamped. We then rest- 
ed that night, but in great fear. Next morning, the 
runners told us the army had started up the river 
towards the mouth of the Auglaize. We were then sat- 
isfied. Many of the Delawares were killed and wound- 
ed. The Indian who took May was killed, and he was 
much missed ; for he was the only gunsmith among the 
Delawares. 

" Our crops and every means of support being cut off, 
we had to winter at the mouth of Swan Creek, perhaps 
where Toledo now stands. We were entirely dependent 
on the British, and they did not half supply us. 

" The starving condition of the Indians, together with 
the prospect of losing all their cows and dogs, made 
the Indians very impatient, and they became exasperated 
at the British. They said they had been deceived by 
them, for they had not fulfilled one promise. It was 
concluded among them to send a flag to Fort Defiance 
in order to make a treaty with the Americans. This 
was successful. Our men found the Americans ready 
to make a treaty, and they agreed on an exchange of 



118 HISTORY OF 

prisoners. I had the pleasure to see nine white prison- 
ers exchanged for nine Indians, and the mortification of 
rinding myself left; there being no Indian to give for 
me. Pattern, Johnston, Sloan and Mrs. Baker, of Ken- 
tucky, were four of the nine ; the names of the others 
I do not recollect. Patton, Johnston and Mrs. Baker, 
had all lived with me in the same house among the In- 
dians, and we were as intimate as brothers and sisters. 
" On the breaking up of spring, we all went up to 
Fort Defiance, and on arriving on the shore opposite, we 
saluted the fort with a round of rifles, and they shot a 
cannon thirteen times. We then encamped on the spot. 
On the same day, Whingwy Pooshies told me I must go 
over to the fort. The children hung round me crying, 
and asked me if I was going to leave them ? I told 
them I did not know. When we got over to the fort 
and were seated with the officers, Whingwy Pooshies 
told me to stand up, which I did ; he then rose and ad- 
dressed me in about these words : ' My son, these are 
men the same color as yourself; there may be some of 
your kin here, or your kin may be a great way off from 
you ; you have lived a long time with us ; I call on you 
to say if I have not been a father to }^ou ? If I have not 
used you as a father would a son ?' I said: ' You have 
used me as well as a father could use a son.' He said : 
' I am glad you say so. You have lived long with me ; 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 119 

you have hunted for me ; but our treaty says you must 
be free. If you choose to go with the people of your 
color, I have no right to say a word ; but if you choose 
to stay with me, your people have no right to speak. 
Now, reflect on it, and take your choice ; and tell us as 
soon as you make up your mind.' 

" I was silent a few moments, in which time it seemed 
as if I thought of almost every thing. I thought of the 
children I had just left crying ; I thought of the Indians 
I was attached to ; and I thought of my people, whom 
I remembered ; and this latter thought predominated, 
and I said : ' I will go with my kin.' The old man 
then said : ' I have raised you ; I have learned you to 
hunt ; you are a good hunter ; you have been better to 
me than my own sons ; I am now getting old and can- 
not hunt ; I thought you would be a support to my age ; 
I leaned on you as on a staff. Now it is broken — you 
are going to leave me, and I have no right to say a word 
— but I am ruined.' He then sank back in tears in his 
seat. I heartily joined him in his tears — parted with 
him, and have never seen nor heard of him since. 

"I learned the Delaware language well, and can speak 
it now about as well as English. I will give the Dela- 
ware names of a few streams. Sepung, is properly what 
we call a stream, there being no distinction between runs, 
creeks and rivers, as with us. They called the Ohio 



120 HISTORY OF 

Whingwy Sepung, or Big Stream. Paint Creek, in 
Ross County, I never heard called Yoctongee ; but we 
called it Olonion Sepung, or Paint Creek. Seckle Se- 
pung, or Saltlick Creek, what is now called Alum Creek. 
Whingwy Mahoni Sepung, or Big Lick Creek, is what 
we call Big Walnut Creek. The Scioto was so called, 
but it is not a Delaware name, and I do not know its 
meaning. 

"It was about the 1st of June, 1795, that I parted with 
Whingwy Pooshies. The next day I started for Fort 
Greenville. I rode on a horse furnished by the Ameri- 
cans. I was under the charge and protection of Lieut. 
Blue, who treated me with every kindness ; and at Fort 
Greenville had a good suit of clothes made for me by a 
tailor. We had been there about a week, when a com- 
pany of men arrived from Cincinnati, among whom was 
a brother of my brother's wife, with whom I had lived, 
and from whom I was taken. He told me of a sister I 
had, who was married, and lived about nine miles from 
Cincinnati, up Licking, on the Kentucky side. I then 
left Mr. Blue at Fort Greenville, and went to my sister's. 
She and all the neighbors seemed to be overjoyed, and 
a great crowd collected to see me, and hear about my 
living among the Indians. I then went to Grant's 
Salt Works, up Licking, to hunt for them. I made 
money there by killing deer at one dollar a piece, and 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 121 

turkeys at twelve and a half cents. I bought me a 
house, and had money left to take me to Pennsylvania. 
I went with a man named Andrew Lewis. There was 
great joy again, at my brother's, on my return to his 
house, from whence I was taken. My sister-in-law, in 
particular, seemed much gratified with my return, as did 
the great crowd which here again collected to see me, 
and hear the narrative of my captivity. 

"In 1797, 1 came to this place, that is, now Columbus, 
Ohio, and have resided here ever since ; generally en- 
joying good health, it never having cost me a dollar in my 
life for medical aid; and without ever wearing any thing 
like a stocking inside of my moccasin, shoes or boots, 
from the time I w r ent among the Indians to this day ; 
and, I can say what perhaps few can at this day, that 
my feet are never cold. 

" At another time, the Lord granting the opportunity, 
I Avill give more of the incidents of my life, as connect- 
ed with the settlement and improvement of the country. 

"JOHN BRICKELL. 

" Columbus, Ohio, Jan. 29, 1842." 

Mr. Brickell died the 20th of July, 1844, in the 64th 
year of his age. 



CHAPTER X. 

JEREMIAH ARMSTRONG — HIS CAPTIVITY, ETC. 

Mr. Armstrong, when but a youth, became one of the 
first residents of Franklin County. He grew up to 
manhood in Franklinton, and continued to reside there 
until after the town of Columbus was laid out. lie then 
became one of the first settlers of the new town, of 
which he has continued a resident nearly all the time 
since. In the spring of 1813 he purchased from the pro- 
prietors his lot on High street, which he still owns, 
and on which he for many years kept a respectable hotel. 
His first sign was that of Christopher Columbus at full 
size, then the Red Lion. Some years since he retired 
from business with a competency, and is spending the 
evening of life in peace and quietness. 

The following is a brief narrative of his captivity with 
the Indians. He says: 

" I was born in Washington County, Maryland, March, 
1785. I had a sister (Elizabeth) and three brothers, 
William, Robert and John, older than myself. We 
moved to the Mingo Bottom and from there to Virginia, 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 123 

opposite the upper end of Blannerhasset's Island. The 
Indians made frequent incursions into our neighborhood, 
and my mother was in constant dread of being killed by 
them ; she seemed to have a presentiment that she would 
have the fate of her parents, who were both killed by 
them in Mifflin County, Penn. Some time in April, 
1794,(1 perfectly remember all the circumstances of 
that eventful night,) my brothers William and Robert 
had gone to a floating mill which my father owned on the 
Ohio, near the house ; the younger children were in bed. 
Father went down to the river to examine a trot line ; 
my mother stood in the door, holding a candle for him. 
I shall never forget her appearance ; it was the last time 
I ever beheld her ; she stood trembling like a leaf, so 
that the candle shook in her hand. I suppose that she 
was afraid of the Indians, for I then thought there was 
nothing else to fear. Father returned safe ; barred both 
of the doors, as was his custom, and then retired. Eliza- 
beth, John and I, slept in the loft of our log house. 

" About three o'clock, we were awakened by the bark- 
ing of our dog. Father sprang up, and without waiting 
to put on any clothing, unbarred one of the doors, and 
ran out and hissed the dog ; but in a moment he saw 
several Indians start from behind the trees, hallooed 
Indians, and ran into the house, barred the door, and 
caught up a gun. By this time the house was surround- 



124 HISTORY OF 

ed by twenty Wyandots. The poor, faithful dog had 
kept them off till he was disabled ; they had cut him so 
badly in the mouth that his under jaw hung loose. As 
the savages approached the house, father fired the gun ; 
then caught a bullet pouch, and sprang to the loft, put 
his bullet and powder into his hand, but in attempting 
to put it into the gun found (too late) that he had taken 
the wrong pouch, and the bullet w T as too large ; so he 
threw down the gun, tore open the roof, and sprang to 
the ground, fully expecting to be tomahawked the in- 
stant he reached it ; but fortunately he was not discov- 
ered, for the most of the Indians were already in the 
house. They commenced their bloody work by killing 
the three little ones. Mother attempted to escape 
through the chimney, but it is supposed that her clothes 
caught, for she fell, and (as the Indians afterward told 
me) in attempting to raise her they found she could not 
stand ; her hip was broken. Had she been able to 
travel, they would not have killed her; but as she could 
not, they must have her scalp as a trophy. They also 
scalped the two oldest of the children, but from my 
mother took two. 

"They dry these scalps on little hoops, about the size 
of a dollar, paint them, and fix them on poles, to raise 
as trophies of victory when entering their villages. 
When seeing these so raised, I inquired why they took 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 125 

two from mother ? They said because the babe's hair 
was not long enough to scalp, they took one from its 
mother for it. After killing my sisters and brother be- 
low, they came up to us, and took us down. Oh! who 
can describe our feelings on entering that room of 
blood ! I was led over the slippery, bloody floor, and 
placed between the knees of one of the savages, whose 
hands were still reeking with the blood of my dearest 
relatives. 

" Mr. Misner, who lived about a hundred yards above 
us, hearing the noise, took a canoe and started for Bel- 
pre, to raise an alarm. "When half way across the river, 
I suppose, he saw the Indians and my sister ; she was 
standing in the door, and the house was lighted. Mr. 
M. called, ' What is the matter ?' One of the Indians 
told her to say nothing, which she did, being afraid to 
disobey. After plundering the house, they, with their 
three prisoners, started south-west ; they went rapidly 
for a mile or two, then halted, formed a ring around us, 
and lighted their pipes, and made several speeches, ap- 
parently in great haste. We watched their gestures, 
and listened anxiously. I was afterward told that /was 
the subject of their debate. They expected to be pur- 
sued by the people of Belpre, and thought me too young 
to travel as fast as necessary for their safety ; so they 
proposed killing me ; but a young Indian who had led 



126 HISTORY OF 

me, and observed my activity in jumping the logs, said 
he thought I would make a pretty good Indian, and they 
might go as fast as they pleased, and if I could not keep 
up, he would carry me. So my life was spared, and we 
continued our journey at a rapid rate; he sometimes 
carrying me, and I sometimes begging my sister to car- 
ry me. She, poor girl, could scarcely carry herself. I 
was quite small of my age. 

" When we arrived opposite the. mouth of Little 
Hocking, they found their canoes, which they had 
secreted in the bushes, got into them, and hastened 
across the river. When they gained the opposite bank, 
they gave a never-to-be-forgotten whoop, for they felt 
themselves safe. The next day they dined on a bear, 
which they had killed the day before. The oil of the 
bear was hung up in a deer skin ; they gave us some of 
it to drink ; we would not drink it. So they gave us 
of the bread and sugar which they had taken from my 
father's house — bread which our mother had so lately 
made. And where was she ? Oh ! my heart ached at 
the thought. They treated us kindly, and while our 
bread and sugar lasted, we fared very well. 

" But to return to my father. When he jumped to 
the ground from the roof, he ran to the river, took a 
canoe and crossed over to the island, went to Mr. James's, 
then to the mill for my brothers, wakened them, and 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 127 

with them returned to the house. What a horrible 
scene presented itself! There lay my mother and the 
babe on the ground. In the house the other two 
children were lying in their gore. The boy was still 
alive, and he asked my father why he pulled his hair. 
" I saw Mr. John James (a resident of Jackson 
County) in Columbus some years ago. He said that 
he was one of the twenty that followed the Indians 
down the river, saw their canoes, and where they 
landed, and also discovered by the tracks that we were 
still alive. They were afraid, if pursued farther, the 
Indians would kill us to expedite their flight. They 
were not far behind — the water was still muddy — so 
they returned. 

" After eating our dinner, we started again, and our 
next halt was near where Lancaster now stands. There 
we saw young Cox, a man they had taken from our 
neighborhood a few days previous. We spent the night 
there. In the morning two of the most savage of our 
party took John and myself and started for Upper San- 
dusky. I missed not only my sister, but the young 
Indian that carried me. I had already begun to con- 
sider | him my friend, although I did not then know that 
he had saved my life. 

" Our two conductors seemed to delight in torment- 
ing us. They made us wade streams where the water 



128 HISTORY OF 

came up to my chin. Brother John being two years 
older than myself, and taller, would lead me. They 
would laugh at our fears. We had nothing but roots 
and herbs to eat. When we came near their village in 
Upper Sandusky, they stripped us of our clothes, and 
tied a small part around our bodies in Indian style. 
When I cried at the loss of my clothes, one of them 
whipped me severely with his pipe stem. The Indian 
squaws and children came running from all directions 
to see, and we were no sooner in the house than the 
door was completely blocked up with them, which 
frightened me very much. 

" A few days after our arrival, the party we had left 
behind came up, and I, when I savv them coming, ran to 
meet my friend, and was as glad to see him as if he had 
been my brother. My fondness for him no doubt in- 
creased his for me. 

" The next morning we started for Lower Sandusky. 
In passing through the Seneca nation, the pole of 
scalps was hoisted. A little Seneca Indian ran to us, 
took the pole from the bearer, and carried it to an old 
squaw, who was sitting in the door of her hut. She 
examined it, handed it back to the boy, and he returned 
it to the Indian, then knocked- both John and myself 
down. It was a privilege they had, as they belonged to 
another nation. After leaving the Senecas, we came to 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 129 

some of our own nation, that is, Wyandots. There they 
formed a ring before we ate, and a prisoner who spoke 
both languages, gave me a gourd with shot in it, telling 
me that I must say grace. So he put some Indian 
words in my mouth, and bid me go around the ring, 
knocking the gourd with my hand, and repeating the 
words, which I did as well as I could. But my 
awkwardness made them laugh ; so I got angry and 
threw down the gourd. I thought to myself, it was 
very different from the way my father said grace. 

" On arriving at Lower Sandusky, before entering 
the town, they halted and formed a procession for Cox, 
my sister, my brother and myself to run the gauntlet. 
They pointed to the house of their chief, Old Crane, 
about a hundred yards distant, signifying that we 
should run into it. We did so, and were received very 
kindly by the old chief; he was a very mild man, 
beloved by all. 

" I was then adopted into his family, the Deer tribe, 

my brother John into another, the Turtle tribe, and my 

sister into another; so we were separated. I was 

painted all over, and a broad belt of wampum put 

around my body. I was quite an important personage ; 

and if my dear sister and brother had remained with me 

I should have been happy ; yes, happy, for I thought, 

now the Indians were my friends, I had nothing on 
9 



130 HISTORY OF 

earth to fear. But my brother and sister were gone, 
and I was alone. I cried very much. An old prisoner 
tried to comfort me. He said I must not eat with the 
paint on me ; if I did, it would kill me. It was the 
paint of my adoption, and I suppose that while it was 
on me, I was considered neither white nor red, and, 
according to their superstition, if I remained in that 
state, I should die. The prisoner took me to the river, 
and washed it off, then led me back to the house. 

" John was taken to Brownstown, and Elizabeth to 
Maumee. I did not see either of them again for about 
four years, when my brother and myself regained our 
liberty. My sister remained with them but a few 
months. She was stolen from them by a gentleman in 
search of his sister, and taken to Detroit. As she had 
no means of returning to her friends, she went with a 
family by the name of Dolson to Canada, and married 
one of the sons. When I saw her next she had a family 
of her own. 

* After our adoption, the family to which I belonged 
came back to Columbus and camped near where the 
Penitentiary now stands. There we raised corn in 
what is now called Sullivant's Prairie. My home while 
with them was back and forth from there to Lower San- 
dusky. The first night I spent in Franklin, the Indians 
all got drunk. The squaws put me on a scaffold to 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 131 

keep them from killing me. The squaws had sense 
enough to not taste the rum till the Indians were too 
drunk to harm them ; then they too got drunk. And, 
oh, what a time for me for a few days, while the rum 
lasted ; but when it was gone, they were very kind to 
me. 

" After parting from my brother and sister, I heard 
so little of my own language that I forgot it entirely, 
and became attached to them and their ways. In fact, 
I became a very good Indian. They called me Hooscoa- 
tah-jah, (Little Head.) A short time afterward, they 
changed my name to Duh-guah. They often change their 
names. 

" In the month of August, 1794, when I had been a 
prisoner about four months, General Wayne conquered 
the Indians in that decisive battle on the Maumee. 
Before the battle, the squaws and children were sent to 
Lower Sandusky. Runners were sent from the scene 
of action to inform us of their defeat, and to order us to 
Sandusky Bay. They supposed that Wayne would 
come with his forces and massacre the whole of us. 
Great was the consternation and confusion ; and I, 
(strange infatuation,) thinking their enemies mine, ran 
and got into a canoe, fearing they would go and leave 
me at the mercy of the pale faces. We all arrived safe 
at the Bay ; and there the Indians conveyed their 



132 HISTORY OF 

wounded — Old Crane among the number. He was 
wounded in the arm ; and my friend, the one that 
saved my life, was killed. 

" Wayne, instead of molesting us, withdrew his forces 
to Greenville ; and we returned to Franklin, (that now 
is,) and encamped below the dam, where there is a deep 
hole, called Billy's Hole, from Billy Wyandot. 

" The only war dance I witnessed, was near where 
the Penitentiary now stands, when a party of them 
were preparing to leave for Kentucky in quest of 
prisoners and scalps. They returned with three prison- 
ers and five scalps. Billy Wyandot and others were 
then preparing to leave for Greenville to form a treaty, 
(August, '95.) By that treaty a great part of the 
present limits of the State of Ohio was ceded to the 
whites ; and the Indians were to give up all the prison- 
ers in their possession, which was done where found and 
recognized. 

" My brother and myself were still held in bondage, 
our friends supposing us to be dead. When the lands 
acquired by the treaty were being surveyed by Gen- 
erals Massie and Mc Arthur, Mr. Thomas, a former neigh- 
bor of my father's, being with them, saw me and knew 
me. He sent word to my brother William, who was 
then residing in Kentucky. As soon as he heard that 
I was alive, he left Kentucky in search of me, with only 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 133 

six dollars in his pocket. He expected to find me in 
Franklin. Not finding me there, he went on to Upper 
Sandusky. The Indians were on a hunting tour and I 
was with them. The corn was then in the silk ; he was 
told that we would not be back until roasting ear time. 
So he went back as far as Chillicothe, where he re- 
mained until the time appointed. Then he started 
again and came to Lower Sandusky, where he found me 
quite happy, and so much of an Indian that I would 
much rather have seen him tomahawked than to go 
with him. Old Crane would not consent to give me up. 
He said according to the treaty they were not obliged 
to release any that were willing to stay. They agreed 
to go to Brownstown and examine the treaty. 

" Brother William, knowing the uncertainty of the 
Indians, went to Detroit for assistance. He applied to 
Gen. Hamtramack, who gave him an officer and twelve 
men. With this force he came to Brownstown, sixteen 
miles. We were all there, and I had found my brother 
John, who was as unwilling to leave as myself. We 
were strutting back and forth on the porch. I had a 
large bunch of feathers tied in my hair at the crown of 
my head and rings in my ears and nose. I was feeling 
very large and defiant. When I saw William coming, 
I said to John, ' There comes our white brother.' He 
came towards us and put out his hand to shake hands, 



134 HISTORY OF 

but we drew ourselves up scornfully, and would not 
allow him to touch us. Oh, how little we knew or 
thought of the toil and suffering he had endured for 
our sake. 

" We were both determined not to go with him ; so 
they took us by force. William took one of us by the 
hand and the officer the other ; they dragged us along 
to the boat. I well remember our setting one foot back 
to brace ourselves, and pulling with our might to get 
from them. But they succeeded in getting us into the 
boat and pushing off, leaving the old squaw who had the 
care of me, standing on the bank crying. There she 
stood, and I could hear her cries until lost in the dis- 
tance. I cried too, till quite exhausted, and I fell asleep. 

" John, being with a tribe that traded with the 
whites, did not forget his native tongue. Some days 
after we started, William related the story of our cap- 
ture, the murder of our mother, sisters and brother. 
John repeated it to me. Oh, what a sudden change it 
wrought in me. It brought back the whole scene so 
forcibly to my recollection, that I clung to my brother 
with affection and gratitude, and never more had a wish 
to return to the red men. 

" At Detroit we left our boat, and were kept in garri- 
son four or five days, waiting for a vessel to take us to 
Erie, Pennsylvania. We went from Erie to Pittsburgh, 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 135 

from there to our old home at Mr. Gillespie's, one of our 
old neighbors. We then changed our savage clothes, 
and after remaining several days, we left for Chillicothe, 
from thence to Franklin my present home. 

" JEREMIAH ARMSTRONG. 
" Columbus, April, 1858." 



CHAPTER XI. 



PUBLIC OFFICERS. 



Representatives in Congress — Senators and Representatives in State 
Legislature — County Commissioners — County Auditors — County 
Treasurers — County Collectors — County Assessors — County Re- 
corders — County Surveyors — President Judges — Associate Judges 

— Clerks of Courts — Prosecuting Attorneys — Sheriffs — Coroners 

— Probate Judges — Superior Court. 



REPRESENTATIVES IN CONGRESS. 

In the year 1802, the State Constitution was adopted, 
and in 1803, the County of Franklin was organized. 

Until 1812, the State was entitled to but one Repre- 
sentative in Congress; from 1812 until 1822, the State 
was entitled to six ; from 1822 until 1832, to fourteen ; 
from 1832 until 1842, to nineteen; and since 1842, to 
twenty-one. From 1812 until 1822, our Congressional 
District was composed of the counties of Franklin, 
Licking, Delaware, Madison, Fairfield, Champaign, Mont- 
gomery, Miami and Darke ; from 1822 until 1832, of 
Franklin, Delaware, Marion, Crawford, Knox, Licking 
and Coshocton; from 1832 until 1842, of Franklin, 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 137 

Madison, Pickaway, Delaware and Marion ; from 1842 
until 1852, of Franklin, Licking, Knox and Delaware*; 
and since 1852, of Franklin, Licking and Pickaway. 

The first election for a member of Congress was held 
on the 27th of June, 1803, to elect one member for two 
years from the fourth of March, then past. And since 
then, the elections for Congressmen have always been 
held in October. 

Wm. H. Harrison had been a Delegate in Congress 
from the Northwestern Territory. He was elected by 
the first Territorial Legislature, convened at Cincinnati, 
in September, 1799. 

Members of Congress Elected.* 

1803. Jeremiah Morrow, of Warren County. 

1804. <•' " " " 
1806. " " " " 
1808. " " " " 
1810. " " « " 
1812. James Kilbourne, of Franklin County. 
1814. " « « « 



* It will be recollected that members of Congress for the regular 
terms, are elected one year previous to taking their seats. They are 
chosen at the October election, and their time properly commences the 
4th of March ensuing ; but in consequence of Congress not meeting 
until December, it makes the time over a year from their election until 
they take their seats at Washington. 



138 HISTORY OF 

1816. Philemon Beecher, of Fairfield County. 
1818. " " " « 

1820. Joseph Vance, of Champaign County. 
1822. William Wilson, of Licking County. 
1824. u u " " 

1826. " " " " 

1827. William Stanbery, of Licking County, one ses- 
sion, in place of Wilson, deceased. 

1828. William Stanbery, of Licking County, full term. 
1830. " " " * 

1832. Jeremiah McLene, of Franklin County. 

1834. " " " " 

1836. Joseph Ridgway, " " 

1838. " " * « 

1840. " " « « 

1842. Heman A. Moore, « " 

1844. A. P. Stone, of Franklin County, for one session, 

in place of Moore, deceased. 
1844. Columbus Delano, of Knox County, full term. 
1846. Daniel Duncan, of Licking County. 
1848. Charles Switzer, of Delaware County. 
1850. " " " « 

1852. Edson B. Olds, of Pickaway County. 
1854. Samuel Galloway, of Franklin County. 
1856. S. S. Cox, 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 139 

SENATORS IN STATE LEGISLATURE. 

Until the year 1810, Franklin, Ross and Highland 
Counties constituted a Senatorial District, which was 
entitled to two Senators. In 1810, Franklin, Delaware, 
Madison, and part of Pickaway, that had been stricken 
off of Franklin, were constituted a District, and entitled 
to one Senator; and so continued until 1820, when Union 
was added to the District. In 1823, Franklin, Mad- 
ison, Delaware, Union, Marion and Crawford, all elected 
together, one Senator. From 1827 until 1840, Franklin 
and Pickaway composed the Senatorial District. From 
1840 until 1848, the District was composed of the coun- 
ties of Franklin, Madison and Clark ; from 1848 until 
1851, of Franklin and Delaware ; and since 1851, of 
Franklin and Pickaway again. 

Senators Elected. 

1803. Nathaniel Massie and Abraham Claypool. 

1804. Joseph Kerr in place of Massie. 

1805. Duncan Mc Arthur in place of Claypool. 

1806. Abraham Claypool in place of Kerr. 

1807. Duncan McArthur reelected. 

1808. Henry Massie in place of Claypool. 

1809. Duncan McArthur reelected. 

1810. Joseph Foos, of Franklin County. 



140 HISTORY OF 

1812. John Barr, of Pickaway County. 
1814. Joseph Foos, of Franklin " 
1816. Thomas Johnston, « " 

1818. Joseph Foos, " 

1820. « " " " 

1822. Henry Brown,* " " served one session. 

1823. James Kooken, of Franklin County, one session, 
in place of Brown. 

1824. Joseph Foos, of Franklin County. 
1826. " " " " 

1828. Joseph Olds, of Pickaway, — served by virtue of 
his election in 1827, before Franklin elected with 
Pickaway. 

1829. Joseph Olds reelected. 

1831. William Doherty, of Franklin County. 
1833. Ralph Osborn, " " 

1835. Elias Florence, of Pickaway " 
1837. John L. Green, 

1839. " « " " 

1840. (New District.) Alex. Waddle, of Clark County. 
1842. Joseph Ridgway, jr., of Franklin County. 
1844. Alfred Kelley, " 

1846. J. Stutson, of Madison " 



* During Mr. Brown's first session, he was elected Treasurer of 
State, and consequently served but the one session. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 141 

1848. William Dennison, jr., of Franklin County. 

1850. Abraham Thomson, of Delaware " 

1851. John Cradlebaugh of Pickaway. (Change of 
District.) 

1853. Samuel Bartlett of Franklin County. 

1855. Alfred Kelley, " 

1857. Augustus L. Perrill, of Pickaway County. 

REPRESENTATIVES IN THE STATE LEGISLATURE. 

Until the year 1808, Franklin elected with Ross 
County, and was represented by four members. In 1808 
and 1809, Franklin and Delaware elected together, and 
w r ere entitled to one member. In 1810 and 1811, 
Franklin, Delaware, Madison, and part of Pickaway, 
elected together, and were entitled to one member. In 
1812, Franklin alone was first entitled to one member, 
and continued to be represented by one until 1828, 
when she was entitled, for one session, to two members; 
then reduced to one until 1832, when she again elected 
two members ; in 1833, only one ; in 1834, two ; in 
1835 and 1836, only one; in 1837 and 1838, two; in 
1839 and 1840, one ; in 1841, two; in 1842, one; in 
1843, two; in 1844 and 1845, Franklin and Madison 
two; in 1846 and 1847, two ; in 1848, 1849 and 1850, 
one ; and one additional member elected in common with 
Delaware ; and since 1851, under the New Constitution, 



142 HISTORY OF 

Franklin is entitled to two members, to be elected bien- 
nially. 

Members Elected. 

1803. Wm. Creighton, John Evans, James Dunlap and 
Elias Langham. 

1804. James Dunlap, Michael Baldwin, Duncan Mc Ar- 
thur and William Patton. 

1805. James Dunlap, Elias Langham, David Shelby and 
Abraham J. Williams. 

1806. James Dunlap, David Shelby, Abraham J. Wil- 
liams and Nathaniel Massie. 

1807. Elias Langham, Thomas Worthington, Jeremiah 
McLene and William Lewis. 

1808. John Blair, of Franklin, (new district). 

1809. " " " 

1810. John Barr, of Pickaway County. 

1811. " " " " 

1812. Gustavus Swan, Franklin County only. 

1813. Thomas Johnston, « " 

1814. " " « " 

1815. William Ludlow, " 

1816. Thomas Moore, " 

1817. Gustavus Swan, " 

1818. John A. McDowell, " 

1819. " " " " 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 143 

1820. John R. Parish, of Franklin County. 

1821. " « " " 

1822. David Smith, " « 

1823. James Kilbourne, " « 

1824. George W. Williams, Franklin County. 

1825. " " " " 

1826. David Smith, 

1827. Thomas C. Flournoy, « « 

1828. Joseph Ridgway and Daniel Upson. 

1829. William Doherty. 

1830. Joseph Ridgway. 

1831. Philo H. Olmsted. 

1832. Francis Stewart and M. B. Wright. 

1833. Philo H. Olmsted. 

1834. Adam Reed and Jacob Grubb. 

1835. Adam Reed. 

1836. Alfred Kelley. 

1837. Alfred Kelley and Robert Neil. 

1838. James Kilbourne and John W. Andrews. 

1839. Buckley Comstock. 

1840. James C. Reynolds. 

1841. Nathaniel Medbery and Joseph Chenowith. 

1842. Joseph Chenowith. 

1843. Samuel Parsons and Cornelius Crum. 

1844. Jos. Ridgway, jr., and Chas. McCloud, of Madison. 

1845. Jos. Ridgway, jr., and Edward Fitzgerald, " 



144 HISTORY OF 

1846. John Noble and Jeremiah Clark. 

1847. A. F. Perry and George Taylor. 

1848. James Dalzell and David Gregory, of Delaware. 

1849. James Dalzell and Elijah Carney, " 

1850. "VVray Thomas and Charles L. Eaton. 

NEW CONSTITUTION. 

1851. Edward Cartright and Edward A. Stanley. 
1853. Alexander Thompson and Hiram Hendron. 
1855. Geo. M. Parsons and James II. Smith. 
1857. Wm. K Hankin and H. L. Chaney. 

COUNTY COMMISSIONERS. 

The first Board of Commissioners for Franklin County, 
were elected in June, 1804, and their terms of service 
determined by lot, as follows, to wit : 

John Blair, until Oct. 1804.1 

Benjamin Sells, " 1805. V Blair, Clerk of the Board. 

Arthur O'Harra, " 180G.J 

1804. Michael Fisher. "| 

1805. Ezekiel Brown. I „ ^ , 

V Fisher, Clerk. 

1806. Arthur O'Harra. [ 

1807. Michael Fisher. J 

1808. James Marshall. Fisher, Clerk. 

1809. Arthur O'Harra. " « 

1810. Robert Armstrong. O'Harra, Clerk. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 145 

1811. James Marshall. Adam Hosack, Clerk. 

1812. William Shaw. " " 

1813. Robert Armstrong. G. Swan, Clerk. 

1814. James Marshall. Joseph Grate, Clerk. 

1815. William McElvain. J. A. McDowell, Clerk. 

1816. Robert Armstrong, Samuel G. Flenniken. J. A. 
McDowell, Clerk. 

1817. Joseph Grate, James Marshall. J. A. McDowell, 
Clerk. 

1818. David Jamison. Joseph Grate, Clerk. 

1819. George W. Williams. " " 

1820. Joseph Grate* " " 

1821. Robert Armstrong and Horace Walcutt. 

1822. James Marshall. 

1823. Andrew Dill. 

1824. Robert Armstrong. 

1825. William Stewart. 

1826. John M. Walcutt. 

1827. William McElvain. 

1828. William Stewart. 

1829. Horace Walcutt and William Miller. 



* la 1821, the office of County Auditor was created, and Joseph 
Grate was appointed to that office — a part of the duties of which is to 
act as Clerk of the Board of Commissioners; so that, now the Com- 
missioners have not the appointing of their own Clerk, but the Auditor 
for the time being, must act as such. 

10 



146 HISTORY OF 

1830. Matthew Matthews. 

1831. William Stewart. 

1832. Horace Waicutt, (died 1833.) 

1833. John M. White and Matthew Matthews. 

" Timothy Lee appointed in place of White, dec'd. 

1834. Hiram Andrews in place of Stewart. 

1835. Robert Lisle. 

1836. James Bryden. 

1837. R. W. Cowles in place of Andrews. 

1838. John Tipton in place of Lisle. 

1839. James Bryden reelected. 

1840. William W. Kyle in place of Cowles. 

1841. Samuel S. Davis. 

1842. John Greenwood in place of Bryden. 

1843. Wm. W. Kyle reelected. 

1844. Samuel S. Davis " 

1845. John Clark in place of Greenwood. 

1846. Adams Stewart in place of Kyle. 

1847. Tho. J. Moorman in place of Davis. 

1848. 0. P. Hines in place of Clark. 

1849. Jacob Slyh in place of Stewart. 

1850. Eli F. Jennings in place of Moorman. 

1851. Jesse Baughman in place of Hines. 

1852. C. W. Speaks in place of Slyh. 

1853. Edward Livingston in place of Jennings. 

1854. Willis Mattoon in place of Baughman. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 147 

1855. Theodore Comstock in place of Speaks. 

1856. Edward Livingston reelected. 

1857. Mr. Mattoon died, and 0. P. Hines appointed for 
balance of the year. 

1857. Isaac White elected in place of Hines. 

COUNTY AUDITORS. 

The office of County Auditor was created at the ses- 
sion of 1820-21.* Prior to that time the principal 
duties since performed by the Auditor, were discharged 
by the County Commissioners and their clerk. The 
Auditor was elected annually until 1824, and since 
then biennially. 

In March, 1821, Joseph Grate was appointed by the 
Commissioners, first Auditor of Franklin County. 

1821. (Oct.) Zachariah Mills elected for one year. 

1822. Joseph Grate, elected for one year. 

1823. " " « " 

1824. " " " for two years. 



*At the preceding session of the Legislature, Judge Flenniken was 
appointed, by the title of Auditor, to rate the lands of this county for 
taxation ; but it was entirely a different office from the present, and 
only continued one year. 

The lands were then classed for taxation as first, second and third 
rate, and charged a specified sum per hundred acres for each respective 
class. 



148 HISTORY OF 

1826. Joseph Grate, elected for two years, but died a 

few days after his election, and 
1826. John C. Brodrick appointed by Commissioners. 



1827. 


« « 


elected for two ] 


1829. 


a a 


a a 


1831. 


a a 


u a 


1833. 


a a 


iC (l 


1835. 


a a 


a a 


1837. 


a a 


a a 


1839. 


Frederick Cole, 


a a 


1841. 


a « 


it u 


1843. 


a u 


it a 


1845. 


Smithson E. Wright, 


1847. 


it a 


a u 


1849. 


Holdemond Crary," " 


1851. 


a a 


a a 


1853. 


John M. Pugh, 


a a 


1855. 


it a 


a a 


1857. 


John Phillips, 


a u 



COUNTY TREASURERS. 



The Treasurer was first appointed by the Associate 
Judges, then by the County Commissioners, until 1827. 
On the 24th of January, 1827, an act was passed by 
the Legislature, which provided for the election of the 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 149 

Treasurer by the people biennially. The same pro- 
vision of law still remains. 

In 1803, Jacob Grubb was appointed by the Asso- 
ciate Judges the first Treasurer of Franklin County, 
and was continued yearly by reappointment until 1827. 

1827. (June.) Christian Heyl, appointed by Commis- 
sioners. 
1827. (Oct.) Christian Heyl, elected for two years. 
1829. Christian Heyl, elected for two years. 



1831. 


it a 


a 


a 


1833. 


Geo. McCormick, 


a 


a 


1835. 


William Long, 


u 


a 


1837. 


a a 


a 


it 


1839. 


a a 


tt 


it 


1841. 


Joseph McElvain, 


a 


a 


1843. 


a a 


it 


a 


1845. 


Joseph Leiby, 


a 


it 


1847. 


a a 


a 


it 


1849. 


a a 


a 


a 


1851. 


0. P. Hines, 


a 


tt 


1853. 


a a 


a 


a 


1855. 


Jas. H. Stauring, 


a 


a 


1857. 


a a 


tt 


a 



150 HISTORY OF 



COUNTY COLLECTORS. 



Many changes have taken place in the mode of col- 
lecting taxes. The first two or three years after the 
organization of this county, the chattel tax was col- 
lected by Township Collectors, and a County Collector 
collected the land tax. After that, say from about 
1806 till 1820, the State was divided into four districts, 
and a Collector of non-resident land tax appointed by the 
Legislature for each district ; and at the same time the 
County Collector collected the chattel tax, and tax 
upon resident lands. And from about 1820 until 1827, 
the County Collectors collected all taxes for State and 
county purposes. Since 1827, it has been the duty of 
the Treasurer to receive, or collect the taxes. 

1803. Benjamin White, appointed by the Court. 

1804. Adam Hosack, appointed by Commissioners. 

1805. « " « " 

1806. " " " « 

1807. " " " " 

1808. Elias N. Delashmut, appointed. 

1809. « " " 

1810. « " « 

1811. John M. White, 

1812. Samuel Shannon, " 

1813. " « " 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 151 

1814. Samuel Shannon, appointed. 

1815. Francis Stewart, " 

1816. " " " 

1817. " " 

1818. Jacob Kellar, 

1819. " « « 

1820. " " " 

1821. " " " 

1822. Andrew Dill, " 

1823. Arora Buttles, " 

1824. Peter Sells, " 

1825. " " 

1826. Robert Brotherton, " 

1827. The office was abolished and the Treasurer 
required to collect the taxes. 

COUNTY ASSESSORS. 

The office of County Assessor was not created until 
by a Legislative act of February 3, 1825, which act 
gave the power of appointment to the Court of Common 
Pleas. Prior to that, each township elected its own 
Assessor at the time of choosing Supervisors and other 
township officers in the spring of the year. On the 
16th of January, 1827, an act was passed requiring the 
County Commissioners to appoint an Assessor from 



152 HISTORY OF 

March until October following, and after October, 1827, 
for the voters to elect biennially. 

1825. James Kilbourne, appointed for two years. 
1827. (March.) James Kilbourne, reappointed till Oc- 
tober. 
1827. (Oct.) John Swisher, elected for two years. 
1829. John Swisher, elected for two years. 
1831. " " " " 

1833. " « " " 

1835. James Graham, " " 

1837. William Domigan, « « 

1839. « « " " 

On the 20th of March, 1841, an act was passed 
abolishing the office of County Assessor, and providing 
for the election of a Township Assessor in each town- 
ship as formerly. 

COUNTY RECORDERS. 

This office was filled by appointment by the Judges 
of the Court of Common Pleas until 1831. Since then 
the Recorder has been electable by the people trien- 
nially. 

In January, 1804, Lucas Sullivant was appointed 
first Recorder, and continued till 1807. 
1807. Adam Hosack, appointed and continued till 1 813. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 153 

1813. Lincoln Goodale, appointed and continued till '17. 
1817. Abram J. McDowell, " « '31 

1831. Wm. T. Martin, elected for three years. 



1834. 


u 


a 


a 


a 


1837. 


a 


a 


u 


a 


1840. 


a 


a 


a 


a 


1843. 


cc 


a 


it 


a 


1846. 


Nathan 


Cole, 


a 


a 


1849. 


IC 


u 


a 


a 


1852. 


a 


a 


a 


« 


1855. 


a 


u 


a 


u 






COUNTY SURVEYOR. 





The office of County Surveyor was filled by appoint- 
ment by the Court of Common Pleas until after the 
passage of a law on the 3d of March, 1831, which pro- 
vided for the election of Surveyor triennially by the 
legal voters of the county. 

1803. Joseph Vance, appointed by the court and con- 
tinued by reappointments until his death, in 
1824. 

1824. Richard Howe, appointed for five years. He 
served personally but a short time. General 
McLene then performed the duties as deputy for 
Howe until 1827. 



154 HISTORY OF 

1827. Jeremiah McLene, appointed, and continued until 
1832. 

1832. Lyne Starling, jr., elected, and resigned in April, 
1833. 

1833. Mease Smith, appointed to fill the vacancy. 
1833. (Oct.) Frederick Cole, elected for three years. 
1836. « William Johnston, " " 



1839. 


it 


Uriah Lathrop, 


a 


a 


1842. 


a 


John Graham, 


a 


(C 


1845. 


tt 


Wm. Johnston, 


a 


u 


1848. 


a 


Jesse Cortright, 


it 


a 


1851. 


tt 


tt u 


u 


a 


1854. 


u 


W. W. Pollard, 


a 


u 


1857. 


it 


Daniel Hess, 


a 


a 



PRESIDENT JUDGES, 
Who have presided at the Franklin County Courts of Common Pleas. 

1803. Wyllis Silliman. 

1804. Levin Belt. 

1805. Robert Slaughter. 
1807. Levin Belt. 
1810. William Wilson. 
1812. John Thompson. 

1816. Orris Parish, elected for 7 years, resigned 1819. 
1819. Frederick Grimke, by appointment. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 155 

1820. John A. McDowell, elected— died in 1823. 

1823. Gustavus Swan,* appointed, then elected. 

1830. Frederick Grimke,* elected. 

1834. Joseph R. Swan,* 

1841. " « « 

1848. J. L. Torbet, « 

On the second Monday of February, 1852, the office 

became abolished by the New Constitution. 

1851. James L. Bates was elected under the new organ- 
ization of the courts, for five years, commencing 
second Monday of February, 1852. 

1856. James L. Bates, reelected, without opposition. 

ASSOCIATE JUDGES. 

1803. John Dill, David Jamison and Joseph Foos, 
elected for seven years. 

1808. William Thompson, by appointment, in place of 
Foos resigned. 

1809. Isaac Miner elected in place of Thompson. 

In 1810, Miner fell within the bounds of Madison, 
when that county was created. 

1810. Robert Shannon, William Heed and Alexander 
Morrison, jr., elected. 

1814. Arthur O'Harra, by appointment, in place of 

* Afterward promoted to the Bench of the Supreme Court. 



156 HISTORY OF 

Reed, who resigned to be a candidate for the 

Senate, but failed, and, 
1815. Reed was again elected to succeed O'Harra. 
1817. Samuel G. Flenniken and David Smith, in place 

Shannon and Morrison. 

1819. Recompence Stansbery, by appointment, in place 
of Reed, deceased. 

1820. Abner Lord, elected in Stansbery's place. 

1821. Edward Livingston, appointed in place of Lord, 
deceased. 

1822. Edward Livingston, elected. 

1822. John Kerr, appointed and then elected in place 
of Smith, resigned. 

1823. Thomas Johnston, by appointment, in place of 
Kerr, deceased. 

1824. Arora Buttles, elected in Johnston's place, and 
Samuel G. Flenniken reelected. 

1829. William McElvain, elected in Livingston's place. 
1831. Arora Buttles and Samuel G. Flenniken both 
reelected. 

1836. Adam Reed in place of William McElvain. 

1837. William McElvain, again, in place of Buttles. 

1838. Christian Heyl, in place of A. Reed, deceased, 
and Samuel G. Flenniken reelected. 

1843. James Dalzell, by appointment, in place of Wm. 
McElvain, deceased. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 157 

1844. John A. Lazell, elected in place of James Dalzell. 

1845. John Landes, in place Flenniken, deceased, and 
C. Heyl, reelected. 

1851. Wm. T. Martin, elected in place of Lazell. 

In 1852, the office of Associate Judge was abolished 
by the new Constitution. 

CLERKS OF COURTS. 

Until the adoption of the New Constitution, the office 
of Clerk for the Court of Common Pleas, and for the 
Supreme Court, were separate and distinct appointments 
— each court appointing its own clerk for the term of 
seven years. But, in Franklin County, as in many 
others, the two appointments were always given to the 
same individual. Under the New Constitution one clerk 
is elected for both courts. 

1803. Lucas Sullivant appointed first clerk for 7 years. 

1810. Lyne Starling appointed to succeed Sullivant. 

1815. Abram I. McDowell appointed in place of Star- 
ling, resigned. 

1822. Abram I. McDowell reappointed. 

1829. " " « 

1836. Elijah Backus appointed pro tern., and continued 
until the spring of 1838. 

1838. March 15, Lyne Starling, jr., appointed. 



158 HISTORY OF 

1845. March 15, Lyne Starling reappointed — resigned 
February 1846. 

1846. Feb. 21, Lewis Heyl appointed in place of Star- 
ling. 

On the second Monday of February, 1852, Mr. Heyl's 
office became vacated by the New Constitution. 
Oct. 1851. Kendall Thomas elected under the New Con- 
stitution, for three years, commencing second 
Monday in February, 1852. 
Oct. 1854. Albert Buttles elected in place of Thomas. 
" 1857. John L. Bryan in place of Buttles. 

PROSECUTING ATTORNEYS. 

Until 1833, the Prosecuting Attorneys were appoint- 
ed by the court, and the appointments were generally 
made for an indefinite length of time. Some served, 
probably, but one term — others for several years. No 
pretensions were made to precision under this head until 
1833, since which Prosecuting Attorneys are elected 
biennially. 

In 1805 Reuben Bonam prosecuted for the State. 
From 1810 until 1812 or '13, John S. Wills. 
From 1812 or '13, until April, 1819, David Scott. 
1819. John A. McDowell in place of Scott, deceased. 



FRANK L'lN COUNTY. 159 

1820. Thomas Backus in place of McDowell, elected 
Judge. 

About 1821, John R. Parish, and continued for seve- 
ral years ; and then James K. Corey several years. 

Gustavus Swan, Orris Parish, Wm. Doherty, and prob- 
ably some others, have occasionally prosecuted for a sin- 
gle term, during the absence or inability of the regular 
prosecutor. 

From 1829 or '30, Joseph R. Swan, by appointment, 
until 1833 ; and in October, 1833, Joseph R. Swan was 
elected for two years. 
1834. P. B. Wilcox, appointed in place of Swan, elected 

Judge, and same year Wilcox elected. 
1836. Moses H. Kirby, elected. 
1838. William W. Backus, « 
1840. " « " 

1842. Lewis Heyl, " 

1844. " « « resigned in Feb. 1846. 

1846. L. II. Webster, 
1848. Thomas Sparrow, " 
1850. B. F. Martin, 
1852. " " « 

1854. Geo. L. Converse, " 
1856. J. 0. Reamey, « 



160 HISTORY OF 

SHERIFFS. 

1803. Benjamin White appointed for a short time. 

Elected. Elected. 

1803. Adam Hosack. 1831. Robert Brotherton. 

1805. " 1833. Andrew McElvain. 

1807. E. N. Delashmut. 1835. 

1809. " 1837. James Graham. 

1811. Samuel Shannon. 1839. 

1813. " 1841. William Domigan. 

1815. Francis Stewart. 1843. " 

1817. " 1845. John Graham. 

1819. John McElvain. 1847. 

1821. " 1849. John Greenleaf. 

1823. Robert Brotherton. 1851. " 

1825. " 1853. Thomas Miller. 

1827. John McElvain. 1855. William Miner. 

1829. Robert Brotherton. 1857. Silas W. Park. 

CORONERS. 
Elected. Elected. 

1805. Joseph Dixon. 1813. William Domigan. 

1807. William Domigan* 1815. Townsend Nichols. 

1809. " 1817. Thomas Kincaid. 

1811. " 1818. Robert Brotherton. 



* Mr. Domigan was the grandfather of our late Sheriff, Domigan. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 161 

1819. William Richardson. 1837. George Jeffries. 

1821. Adam Brotherlin. 1839. James Walcutt. 

1823. " 1841. " 

1825. Jacob Ebey. 1843. A. W. Reader. 

1827. " 1845. Horton Howard. 

1829. " 1847. 

1830. Jonathan Neereamer. 1849. A. W. deader. 
1832. " 1851. James W. Barbee. 

1834. " 1853. A. W. Reader. 

1835. George Jeffries, (in 1855. Elias Gaver. 
place of Neereamer, 1857. " 
resigned.) 

PROBATE JUDGES. 

This office was created by the New Constitution; and 
in October, 1851, Win. R. Rankin was elected first Pro- 
bate Judge, for three years, commencing in February, 
1852. 

1854. William Jamison in place of Rankin. 
1857. Herman B. Alberry in place of Jamison. 

SUPERIOR COURT. 

Created at the Session of 1856-7. 

April, 1857, Fitch J. Matthews elected Judge for five 

years, from 1st of May following. 
11 



162 HISTORY, ETC. 



CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION. 



Henry Stanbery and John Graham, were the members 
from Franklin County, in the Convention that formed 
the present State Constitution, in 1851. 



CHAPTER XII. 

MASONS AND ODD FELLOWS. 

For this Chapter the author is wholly indebted to 
gentlemen of these two Secret Orders, who have, at his 
request, politely furnished him with the following histo- 
ry of those Societies in this county : 

MASONIC INSTITUTIONS. 

New England Lodge, No. 4, at Worthington, was or- 
ganized under a warrant or dispensation from the Grand 
Lodge of the State of Connecticut, on the 28th day of 
June, A. D. 1808, A. L. 5808, with the following offi- 
cers, viz : 

James Kilbourne, W. M. ; Zopher Topping, S. W. ; 
Josiah Topping, J. W.; Ezra Griswold, Sec'y; Israel 
Case, Treas'r; Stephen Maynard, S. D.; Roswell Wilcox, 
J. D.; Azariah Pinney, Tyler. 

Officers installed the same day by Right Worshipful 
Thomas Worthington, of Chillicothe, according to letters 



164 HISTORY OF 

for that purpose to him directed by and from the said 
Grand Lodge of the State of Connecticut. 

Present Officers. — Geo. Taylor, W. M.; J.P.Wright, 
S. W.; H. W. Wright, J. W.; M. S. Wilkinson, Treas'r; 
J. M. Fuson, Sec'y; Miles Pinney, S. D.; F. F. Tuller, 
J. D. ; Ira Metcalf, Stewart and Tyler. 

Columbus Lodge, No. 30, was instituted at Franklin- 
ton (as Ohio Lodge, No. 30,) on the 11th of June, 1815. 
The first officers of the Lodge were : Abner Lord, W. 
M.; John Kerr, S. W; Alex. Morrison, J. W.; Lincoln 
Goodale, Treas'r ; Joel Buttles, Sec'y. 

Members. — Benj. Gardiner, Horace Wolcott, Samuel 
Shannon, Benj. Pike, James Kooken, Caleb Houston, 
Alex. B. Washburne, Onesimus Whitehead. 

The first Master raised in the Lodge, Gustavus Swan, 
Oct. 19, 1815. 

Present Officers.— William B. Thrall, W. M.j Joseph 
Stuart, S. W.; Amasa Jones, J. W.j N. B. Marple, 
Treas'r ; Waldo B. Fay, Sec'y ; Robert A. Emery, S. D. ; 
P. T. Conrad, J. D.; George Coit, Tyler. 

Magnolia Lodge, No. 20. A dispensation was issued 
by Wm. B. Thrall, Grand Master, June 10th, 1847, to 
Bela Latham, B. F. Martin, Henry A. Field, John W. 
Milligan, D. T. Woodbury, James T. Donahoo, Nathan'l 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 165 

Merion, Harvey Fletcher, Harvey Bancroft, and William 
Harrison. 

Bela Latham, W. M.; B. F. Martin, S. W.; Henry A. 
Field, J. W.; first officers. 

Organized October 20, 1847. The first officers elect 
were: B. F. Martin, W. M.; Henry A. Field, S. W.; W. 
M. Savage, J. W.; Peter Decker, Sec'y ; Harvey Fletch- 
er, Treas'r; D. T.Woodbury, S.D.; J. G. Canfield, J.D. 

Present Officers. — John Stone, W. M. ; Thomas Spar- 
row, S. W. ; Orlando Wilson, J. W. ; Smith Spencer, S. 
D. ; Wesley Royce, J. D. ; Amos McNairy, Treas'r ; 
James F. Park, Sec'y ; G. M. Copeland, Tyler. 

ROYAL ARCH CHAPTERS. 

Horeb Chapter, No. 3, at Worthington. This Chapter 
was organized the 18th day of December, 1815, under 
a dispensation from the Deputy Grand High Priest of 
the Grand Royal Arch Chapter of the State of Mary- 
land and District of Columbia. 

Its first officers were, James Kilbourne, E. H. P. ; 
Chester Griswold, King ; Abner Lord, Scribe ; Solomon 
Smith, Sec'y ; Moses Byxbee, P. S. ; H. Hyre, C. of 
H. ; N. Potter, R. A. C. ; A. Buttles, V. Shaw, S. Smith, 
Masters of the Vails. 

The present officers are, W. T. Snow, H. P. ; Chester 



166 HISTORY OF 

Pinney, King ; Moses Maynard, Scribe ; Ira Metcalf, C. 
of II.; F. F. Tuller, R. A. C; George Taylor, P. S. ; 
J. P. Wright, Treas'r; J. M. Fuson, Sec'y; II. W. 
Wright, Apollos Maynard, George Osborn, Mas. of the 
Vails. 

Ohio Chapter No. 12. By-Laws adopted December 
4, 1824, with the following members, viz : Bela Latham, 
Dan'l Turney, Joel Buttles, Rob't Russell, A. Shaugh- 
nessy, A. Benfield, Wm. T. Snow, J. Leiby, T. Reynolds, 
Wm. Long, John M. Gray, T. L. Hamer, James II. Pat- 
terson, John Warner, William John, P. II. Olmsted, 
Hiram Piatt, E. Richman, Caleb Houston, C. Heyl, II. 
Delano, J. M. Smith, James Pearce, John L. Starling, J. 
C. Brodrick, John Haver, T. Ross, John Zeigler, Chas. 
C. Beard, R. G. Walling. 

Pesent Officers. — Amasa Jones, II. P. ; James F. 
Park, King ; Joseph A. Montgomery, Scribe ; Joseph 
M. Stuart, C. of 11. ; Orlando Wilson, P. S.; James Wil- 
liams, R. A. C.; John W. Milligan, Treas'r ; A. B. Rob- 
inson, Sec'y ; W. B. Fay, G. M. 3 Vail ; E. West, G. M. 
2 Vail ; Thomas Sparrow, G. M. 1 Vail ; Geo. M. Cope- 
land, Guard. 

Columbus Council, No. 8, Royal and Select Masters. 
Dispensation granted by W. B. Thrall, T.\ I.\ G.\ P.-., 
Dec. 27, 1841, appointing the following officers: Bela 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 167 

Latham, T. I G. M.; Leonard Humphrey, D. I. G. M.j 
John W. Milligan, P. C. of W. 

First election of officers March 4th, 1842, as follows : 
John A. Bryan, T. I. G. M.; J. W. Copeland, D. I. G. 
M.; J. W. Milligan, P. C. of W.j Leander Ransom, C. of 
G. ; G. M. Ilerancourt, Treas'r ; Timothy Griffith, Rec. ; 
R. Buckbee, Sentinel. 

Present Officers.— A. B. Robinson, T. I. G. M.; Thos. 
Sparrow, D. I. G. M.j Joseph M. Stuart, P. C. of W. ; 
James F. Park, C. of G. ; John W. Milligan, Treas'r ; 
Orlando "Wilson, Recorder ; G. M. Copeland, Sentinel. 

Mt. Vernon Encampment No. 1, of Knights Templars 
and Appendant Orders, was instituted at Worthington, 
on the 15th day of March, 1818, by virtue of authority 
and letter of dispensation, granted for that purpose by 
Thomas Smith Webb, Esquire, Deputy General Grand 
Master of the General Grand Encampment of the United 
States. On that occasion there were present Sir Thos. 
Smith Webb, hailing from the General Grand Encamp- 
ment of the United States ; Sir John Snow, hailing 
from St. Johns' Encampment, Rhode Island ; and Sir 

Frederick A. Curtis, hailing from Encampment, 

Ireland. These Sir Knights, having severally inter- 
changed credentials, and established their respective 
titles, proceeded according to accustomed usage, and 



168 HISTORY OF 

under said dispensation, to form and open a Council of 
Knights of the Red Cross, and an Encampment of 
Knights Templars and Appendant Orders. 

It was chartered by the General Grand Encampment 
of the United States, Sept, 16, 1819, M. E. De Witt 
Clinton then presiding in that body. The first officers 
of the Encampment, under its charter, were M. E. John 
Snow, G. Com.; E. Chester Griswold, Gen.; E. James 
Kilbourne, Capt. Gen.; E. Joseph S. Hughs, Prelate. 

Present Officers.— Sir W. B. Thrall, G. Com.; Sir 
Dwight Stone, Gen. ; Sir Geo. R. Morton, Capt. Gen. ; 
Sir Z. Connell, Prelate ; Sir J. W. Milligan, S. W. ; Sir 
D. T. Woodbury, J. W. ; Sir Wm. Richards, Treas'r ; 
Sir A. B. Robinson, Recorder ; Sir Jos. A. Montgom- 
ery, Stand. Bearer ; Sir Daniel Morris, Sword Bearer ; 
Sir Amasa Jones, Warder ; Sir Geo. M. Copeland, Sen- 
tinel. 

This was the first dispensation granted by the Gen- 
eral Grand Encampment of the United States, and the 
first Encampment of the Order organized west of the 
Allegheny Mountains. On the 24th of February, 1844, 
by virtue of authority derived from the Grand Encamp- 
ment of Ohio, the meetings of the Encampment were 
thenceforward held in the City of Columbus. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 169 

INDEPENDENT ORDER OF ODD FELLOWS. 

The first Lodge of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, in Franklin County, was instituted in the city 
of Columbus, on the fourth day of July, 1839. There 
were five petitioners for the Charter, namely : Nathan 
B. Kelly, James B. Thomas, William Flintham, David 
Bryden, and Charles A. Howie. It met for some time 
in the third story of Mr. Walcutt's brick building, on 
High street, near Town, where it was first organized. 
The membership increased rapidly, and prominent among 
them were Alfred P. Stone, John Brough, Clark Bun- 
yan, John Greenleaf, Lucian Buttles, John S. Hall, and 
others of the first class of citizens. A hall was fitted 
up in the Buckeye Block, which was occupied for a few 
years, and afterwards, when the City Bank Building was 
erected, the third story was fitted up expressly for an 
Odd Fellows' Hall, which was occupied for a number of 
years. 

The Hall is now in Mr. Piatt's building, on State 
street, near High. 

Columbus Lodge, No. 9, numbers at this time, about 
one hundred and forty members. It has a large surplus 
fund, and is able at all times to meet any and all de- 
mands upon it, which, arise from sickness or accident to 
its members. 



170 HISTORY OF 

Central Lodge, No. 23, was instituted in Columbus, 
on the second day of December, 1843. The original 
members were Thomas Stitt, Thomas Bown, David Over- 
dier, Alex. E. Glenn, James Aston, William K. Cany Mo- 
ses Altman and Francis La Chapelle, most of whom with- 
drew from Columbus Lodge to organize this new branch. 
It met in the same Hall, and increased rapidly in mem- 
bership, and at present numbers about two hundred and 
sixty members. 

Evening Star Lodge, No. 104, was instituted at Dub- 
lin, on the second day of March, 1848. Among its 
original members were Zenas Hutchinson, Alexander 
Thompson, E. M. Pinney, Holmes Sells, Jas. K. Thomas 
and Miles Pinney. The Lodge has been exceedingly 
prosperous, and at least three Lodges have grown out 
of it. 

Excelsior Lodge, No. 145, was the next in the county, 
and was organized in the city of Columbus, on the 
twenty-second day of February, 1850. F. K. Hulburd, 
George G. Comstock, James B. Stockton, Ira M. Gorton, 
and Nathan B. Marple, were among the first members, 
and it has been very prosperous, numbering at present 
about one hundred and fifty members. The three Lodges 
in Columbus occupy the same Hall, being joint tenants, 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 171 

and owners in common of the Hall, furniture and fix- 
tures ; and all working together in harmony and peace. 

Gordian Lodge, No. 205, was instituted at Groveport, 
on the eleventh of February, 1853. The petitioners for 
this Lodge were George McCormick, Edmund Gares, J. 
K. Low, George P. Champ, and G. S. Smith. It soon 
added to its numbers some of the best citizens of the 
village and neighborhood, and has increased to a respec- 
table membership — has a neat Hall, and about forty 
members. 

Ark Lodge, No. 270, was instituted in the village of 
Worthington, on the sixteenth of April, 1855. The pe- 
titioners for the Charter were James M. Fuson, Isaac 
Thompson, Isaac N. Case, Anson Mattoon, Wm. H. 
Skeels, and A. S. Wood ; and it has since added many 
of the best citizens of Sharon township, and is in all re- 
spects what may be termed a good Lodge. It has at 
present about fifty members. 

Rainbow Lodge, No. 270, was instituted in the village 
of Westerville, on the 7th of August, 1857. The peti- 
tioners were C. A. Vananda, J. W. Jameson, A. G. Ste- 
phenson, David Zeik, and Theophilus Jones. This is a 
new Lodge, but has increased in numbers until it now 
has about twenty-five members. 



172 HISTORY, ETC. 

In addition to the Lodges, there are two Encamp- 
ments of Odd Fellows, located at Columbus and Dublin. 

Capitol Encampment, No. 6, was instituted in Decem- 
ber, 1843, and has about one hundred and fifty members. 

Johanan Encampment, No. 57, at Dublin, was institu- 
ted in August, 1853, and has about thirty members. 

The Lodges and Encampments have a regular system 
of relief for sick and distressed members — not only of 
their own, but of other Lodges, and expend annually a 
large sum in relief of their members, and of widows and 
orphans. Of the latter class, there is now quite a num- 
ber in the county that are well provided for by the 
Lodges. 



CHAPTER XIII. 



FRANKLIN TOWNSHIP. 



This is the oldest township in the county, and the 
only one of the four original townships that retains its 
name. It was laid out and organized when the county 
was, in 1803. It then contained about twice as much 
territory as the whole county now does. Its first set- 
tlement was the town of Franklinton and vicinity, 
which has been noticed in the first and subsequent 
Chapters of this work. Then the settlement extended 
down the river ; and amongst the first families to settle 
there were those of Samuel White, John Huffman, Wm. 
Harrison, si\, and a few others. The township was not 
reduced to its present limits until after the creation of 
Jackson in 1815, and of Prairie in 1819. The town of 
Franklinton has not varied much in population and 
business for the last forty years. It has always been, 
to a great extent, a town of farmers and laborers, who 
lived in the town and worked Mr. Sullivant's extensive 
prairie fields, or were engaged in stone-quarrying, 



174 HISTORY OF 

hauling, etc. For the last ten or twelve years there has 
been an extensive business done in this township in 
the raising, curing and shipping of broom corn, by 
Captain P. N. White and C. L. Eaton, Esq. The town 
and township have been the theater for sportsmen. 
The race courses have always been in this township, 
generally in some of the large prairie fields adjacent to 
the town, but latterly at the Four-Mile House, so called, 
but still in the township, where a fine race course was 
fitted up some eight or ten years since, and still kept 
for sporting characters to practice their nags upon. 

In the vicinity of the town is a large milling estab- 
lishment, erected by Lucas Sullivant, Esq., in his life 
time, and now owned and worked by some half dozen 
men, under the name of the " Ohio Manufacturing Com- 
pany." From one to two miles below Franklinton on 
the Scioto are Moler's mills and carding machine, 
erected by John Ransburgh, about the years 1813-14, 
and which were long known as " Ransburgh's mills." 

On the bank of the river in the north vicinity of the 
town is the old Franklinton burying ground. It 
embraces a beautiful little locust grove, enclosed with 
a board fence. This, it was supposed, was to be the 
final resting place of the pioneers who led the way in 
the settlement, of this once wilderness. But of late years 
a number of removals have been made from thence 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 175 

to Green Lawn, amongst whom were the remains of 
Lucas Sullivant and wife, Lyne Starling, and General 
Foos and wife. But still the Franklinton graveyard 
is rather a neat and handsome village cemetery, and is 
as well calculated to call up a train of solemn and inter- 
esting reflections as any other spot of ground in the 
county. 

In 1840, the population of this township, including 
the town of Franklinton, was 1510. In 1850, it was 
1827. In 1853, the township was divided into ten 
school districts, and contained an aggregate of 716 
youth between the ages of five and twenty-one years. 
In 1857, the aggregate of such youth was, agreeably to 
the returns, 676. 

franklinton post office. — {Established in 1805.) 

Adam Hosack, first Postmaster, appointed in 1805. 

Henry Brown, second " " 1811. 

Joseph Grate, third " « 1812. 

Jas. B. Gardiner, fourth " " 1813. 

Jacob Kellar, fifth " " 1815. 

Jos. McDowell, sixth " " 1819. 

Wm. Lusk, seventh " « 1820. 

W. Risley, eighth and last, " " ] 831. 
Office discontinued a few years after. 



176 HISTORY OF 

SUCCESSIVE JUSTICES OF THE PEACE. 

1803. Zachariah Stephen and James Marshal, elected. 
1806. James Marshal, reelected, and Arthur O'Harra to 
succeed Stephen. 

1808. Samuel White elected. 

1809. James Marshal and Arthur O'Harra, both re- 

elected. 

1811. Samuel White reelected. 

1812. Marshal and O'Harra, both reelected and Joseph 

Grate also elected. 

1814. Nicholas Goeches, in place of White, and Joseph 

Gorton and Jacob Kellar, in place of O'Harra, 
resigned, and Marshal, removed. 

1815. Joseph Grate, reelected. 

1817. Gorton and Kellar, both reelected. 

1820. Robert W. Riley, elected in place of Grate, and 
Gorton and Kellar, both reelected again ; and 
same year, Jacob Grubb, to succeed Gorton, de- 
ceased. 

1822. Joseph Badger, to succeed Kellar, resigned. 

1823. Jacob Grubb and Robert W. Riley, reelected. 

1825. Reuben Golliday, to succeed Badger. 

1826. Grubb, reelected, and Stewart White, in place of 

Riley. 
1828. William Lusk, to succeed Golliday. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 177 

1829. Grubb and Stewart White, both reelected. 

1831. Wm. Lusk, reelected. 

1832. Grubb, reelected, and James Graham, to succeed 

White. 

1834. Stewart White, in place of Lusk. 

1835. Grubb and Graham, both reelected. 

1837. Samuel Deardurf, in place of Graham, resigned, 
and Stewart White, reelected. 

1838. Jacob Fisher, in place of Grubb. 

1840. William Caldwell, in place of Deardurf, and 

Adam Alkire, in place of White. 

1841. William Henderson, in place of Fisher. 

1843. Caldwell and Alkire, both reelected. 

1844. Wm. Henderson, reelected. 

1846. Lemuel Frizzell and Jacob White, in place of 

Caldwell and Alkire. 

1847. Bartley Boyd, in place of Henderson. 

1849. Frizzell, reelected, and Robert King in place of 
Boyd, resigned, and Benjamin Overmire, in place 
of White. 

1852. Adam Alkire, in place of Overmire, and Robert 

King, reelected. 

1853. Frizzell, reelected. 

1854. Arthur O'Harra, in place of King, resigned, and 

Bazil Riddell, in place of Frizzell. 

1855. Jesse Alkire, in place of Adam Alkire. 

12 



178 HISTORY, ETC. 

1856. John A. Kellar, in place of Riddell, resigned. 

1857. W. B. Preston, in place of O'Harra. 

1858. Arthur O'Harra again, in place of John A. Kel- 

lar, resigned, and Jacob White, in place of 
Alkire, removed. 



CHAPTER XIV. 



SHARON TOWNSHIP. 



The Township of Sharon consists of a small part of 
what was once Liberty Township. It is just five miles 
square, and is known on the maps as township two, in 
range eighteen. It was established by its present name 
the 4th of March, 1806. Its first settlement was com- 
menced in the spring of 1803, by the Scioto Company, 
as related in the first Chapter of this work. 

In 1804, the town of Worthington was laid out. In 
1805, the Worthington Post Office was first established, 
and William Robe* was appointed the first Postmaster 
in 1805. 



* Mr. Robe was a dwarf, or man of remarkably small size, not weigh- 
ing more than from fifty to sixty pounds in ordinary health. He was 
well proportioned and neat in his appearance; a well educated man, 
and gentlemanly in his manners. He was a teacher in the Worthing- 
ton Seminary — afterward a clerk in the S f ate Auditor's office. He 
died in January, 1823, aged about forty-five years. 



180 HISTORY OF 

Arora Buttles, second Postmaster, appointed in 1815. 

Recompence Stansberry, third Postmaster, appointed 
in 1821. 

R. W. Cowles, fourth Postmaster, appointed in 1841, 
and died the same year. 

Recompence Stansberry, fifth Postmaster, appointed 
again in 1841. 

Geo. H. Griswold, sixth Postmaster, in place of Stan- 
berry, deceased, in 1843. 

Geo. Taylor, seventh Postmaster, appointed in 1849. 

Geo. H. Griswold, eighth Postmaster, appointed 
again in 1853. 

Charles Martin, jr., ninth Postmaster, appointed in 
1857. 

In 1811, the Worthington Manufacturing Company 
was incorporated. Col. Kilbourne was the President 
and general agent of the Company. They made some 
good improvements on the factory ground (so called) 
and about the year 1813 or '14 they went extensively 
into business. They not only manufactured woolen 
cloth, but carried on various other mechanical branches. 
They also engaged largely in the mercantile business, 
and in banking. They had their stores in Worthington, 
Franklinton and Columbus, and their bank notes in gen- 
eral circulation. The Company, however, eventually 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 181 

failed, and the whole concern went down about the years 
1819 and '20. 

About the time the Manufacturing Company went 
into operation, the first newspaper ever published in 
Franklin County was commenced at Worthington. It 
was called the Western Intelligencer. It is noticed under 
the head of Newspapers — Chapter IV. 

In 1835, the town of Worthington was incorporated, 
and in the spring of 1836, the corporation organized by 
the election of the following officers, to wit : 

Mayor, James Kilbourne ; Recorder, G. H. Griswold ; 
Trustees, Samuel Abbott, Win. Bishop, Ira Metcalf, A. 
H. Pinney, Wm. S. Spencer, and R. W. Cowles ; Treas- 
urer, Levi Pinney; Marshal, Chauncey Barker; Street 
Commissioner, Abner P. Pinney ; Dayton Topping and 
D. W. Harrington, Fire Wardens. 

The subsequent elections were (omitting all minor 
officers) as follows : 

TEAR. MAYOR. RECORDER. MARSHAL. 

1837. G. H. Griswold Flavel Tuller Charles Sprague. 

1838. Potter Wright " " Stephen Hoyt. 

1839. John Snow G. H. Griswold " 

1840. James Kilbourne ... " 

1841 " " " " " " 

1842. Levi Pinney J. R. Paddock A. M. Hays. 

1843. Sylvester Hays " " Ira Metcalf. 

1844. William Bishop Ira Cowan James Beers. 

1845. George Taylor " " 



182 



HISTORY OF 



YEAR. MAYOR. 

1846. James Kilbourne. 

1847. G. H. Griswold.. 

1848. Stephen Hoyt 

1849. 

1850. 

1851. 

1852. 

1853. 

1854. 

1855. Stephen L. Peek . 

1856. 

1857. 



RECORDER. 

.B. F. Johnson. 
,R. K. Nash... 
. Horatio Wright 



J. M. Hart. 
P. Goble . . 



Stephen L. Peck 
si «( 

, George Taylor . . 



MARSHAL. 

.C S. White. 
, Charles Martin. 
, John M. Hart. 
J. D. Tuller. 

.Isaac Thompson. 

tt a 

,C. S. White. 
J. D. Tuller. 
. H. J. Snively. 



The population of this township in 1840 was 1,168, 
including the town of Worthington. In 1850, it was 
1,509. In 1853, the township contained thirteen school 
districts, including the town ; and, agreeably to the re- 
turns, an aggregate of 550 youth between the ages of 
five and twenty-one years. In 1857, the aggregate of 
such youth was 494. 

The following is a list of the Justices of the Peace 
who have been elected and served in Sharon Township : 



1803. Ezekiel Brown, elected while what is now Sharon 
was part of Liberty Township. 

1805. James Kilbourne, elected while what is now Sha- 
ron was part of Liberty Township. 

1800. Alexander Morrison, jr., in place of Brown, after 
the organization of Sharon. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 183 

1808. Ezra Griswold in place of Kilbourne. 

1808. Isaac Case, under an order for an additional Jus- 
tice. 

1809. Alexander Morrison, jr., reelected. 

1810. Azariah Pinney in place of Morrison, elected 
Judge. 

1811. Ezra Griswold reelected. 

" Glass Cochran in place of Case. 

" Reuben Carpenter in place of Pinney, deceased. 

1814. Recompence Stansberry in place of Cochran. 
" Isaac Case in place of Griswold. 

" Cruger Wright in place of Carpenter. 

1815. Ezra Griswold in place of Wright, who was set 
off to Harrison Township. 

1817. Stephen Maynard in place of Case. 
" Recompence Stansberry reelected. 

1818. Ezra Griswold, « 

1819. Arora Buttles in place of Stansberry, appointed 
Judge. 

1820. Samuel Abbott in place of Maynard. 

1821. Nathaniel Little in place of Griswold. 

1822. Arora Buttles reelected. 

" John Goodrich, jr., in place of Little, deceased. 

1823. Samuel Abbott reelected. 

1824. R. W. Cowles in place of Buttles, appointed 
Judge. 



184 HISTORY OF 

1825. John W. Ladd in place of Goodrich. 

1826. Samuel Abbott reelected. 

1827. R. W. Cowles 

1828. John W. Ladd « 

1829. Stephen Maynard, jr., in place of Abbott. 

1830. R. W. Cowles reelected. 

1831. John W. Ladd, " 

1832. Isaac Case in place of Maynard. 

1833. R. W. Cowles reelected. 

1834. John W. Ladd, « 

1836. R. W. Cowles, " and Asaph Allen elected. 

1837. Ira Metcalf in place of Ladd. 

1839. Stephen Maynard and Levi Pinney 

1840. George Taylor in place of Metcalf. 

1842. Stephen Maynard and Philo Burr. 

1843. George Taylor reelected. 

1844. Ezekiel Brown in place of Maynard, resigned. 

1845. Philo Burr reelected. 

1846. George Taylor, " 

1847. Ezekiel Brown, " 

1848. Philo Burr, " 

1849. George Taylor, * and Luther Case in place of 
Brown. 

1851. Philo Burr reelected. 

1852. George Taylor and Luther Case both reelected. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 185 

1854. I. N. Case in place of Luther Case, and P. Burr 
reelected. 

1855. George Taylor reelected and Stephen Hoyt in 
place of P. Burr, removed to Iowa. 

1856. Charles E. Burr in place of Hoyt, removed. 

1857. I. N. Case reelected. 

1858. George Taylor reelected. 



CHAPTER XV. 

MONTGOMERY TOWNSHIP. 

This township is about equal to four and a half miles 
square ; is the western township in the Refugee Lands, 
bounded by the Scioto, and in which the city of Colum- 
bus is situated. It was organized as a township in 1807 ; 
had originally been a small part of Liberty Township. 
The first settlements made in the present township limits 
were along Alum Creek, about the year 1799. On the 
4th of July, 1800, Mr. William White, who is still liv- 
ing in the township, arrived with his father, John White 
and family, from Pennsylvania, and settled on the farm 
now owned and occupied by Mr. George White. They 
then found living on the creek, George Turner and fam- 
ily, William Hamilton and family, James Johnston and 
family, and David Nelson (the elder) and family. In 
1804, Col. Edward Livingston settled in the same neigh- 
borhood. About this time, Andrew Culbertson settled 
in the south-west corner of the township, near where the 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 187 

starch factory now stands. And as early as 1801 or '2, 
John Hunter settled on Whetstone, north of Columbus, 
and soon after William Shaw, John Starr (the elder), 
Nathaniel Hamlin and John McGown, afterward propri- 
etor of South Columbus. 

In 1812, the town of Columbus was laid out, and 
nearly all events worthy of note other than the ordinary 
improvement of farms, were connected with the town. 
With the exception of Mr. Nelson's and Mr. Eberly's 
mills there was no manufacturing establishment in this 
township (outside of Columbus) until the erection of 
the starch factory. In 1843, Messrs. C. Colgate and J. 
J. Wood, having purchased N. Gregory's distillery and 
grounds, converted the same into a starch factory and 
commenced the manufacturing of starch under the firm 
of " C. Colgate & Co." In 1846, Colgate's interest was 
transferred to Sumner Clark, and the business continued 
by Clark and Wood until 1849, when Mr. Wood bought 
out Clark's interest, and the business has since been 
conducted by Mr. Wood alone. In 1852, the whole es- 
tablishment was consumed by fire. The rebuilding, how- 
ever, was soon commenced, and in June, 1853, the man- 
ufactory was again in operation; since which it has 
been doing a very useful, and, it is presumed, a 
profitable business, giving employment to about fifty 



188 



HISTORY OF 




hands, and using over two hundred bushels of corn per 
day. 

In 1852 and '3, the 
Water Cure and Med- 
ical Infirmary — W. 
Shepherd, M. D., pro- 
prietor — was estab- 
lished in this town- 
ship, about three miles 
north-east of Colum- 
bus, near where the 
Central Ohio Railroad crosses Alum Creek. This In- 
stitution is designed exclusively for the reception and 
treatment of invalid females. 

Some additions and improvements have been made 
since the accompanying cut was taken. 

The success attending the treatment here pursued, 
and the patronage extended to the Institution during 
the past five years, warrants the proprietor in prosecu- 
ting the enterprise. 

In 1840, the .population of this township, outside of 
the city, was 1,449. In 1 850, it was only 1,320. This 
apparent decrease is to be accounted for by the exten- 
sion of the city limits. In 1853, the township (outside 
of the city) composed ten school districts, with an ag- 
gregate of 605 youth between the ages of five and 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 189 

twenty-one years. In 1857, the aggregate of such 
youth was 723. 

SUCCESSIVE JUSTICES OF THE PEACE. 

1807. William Shaw elected. 

1808. Michael Fisher, « 

1810. William Shaw reelected. 

1811. Michael Fisher reelected. 

1813. John Shields and Robert Nelson — one to succeed 
Shaw, and the other under an order for an addi- 
tional Justice. 

1814. Michael Patton and James Marshal, in place of 
Fisher, whose time expired, and Nelson resigned. 

1816. William Long in place of Shields. 
" Eli C. King,* elected. 

1817. Townsend Nichols in place of Marshal, resigned. 
u Michael Patton reelected. 

1819. Wm. Long and Eli C. King both reelected. 

1820. Wm. T. Martin in place of Nichols. 

" William Richardson in place of Patton. 
1822. Eli C. King, reelected, but did not qualify. 
" David W. Deshler, in Long's place. 



* From 1816 until 1822, there were four Justices in this township. 
In 1822, the number was reduced to three, and has since remained at 
that. 



190 HISTORY OF 

1823. Wm. T. Martin, reelected. 

1823. Wm. Long, again elected in Richardson's place. 

1825. David W. Deshler, reelected. 

1826. Wm. T. Martin, " 
" Wm. Long, " 

1828. Thomas Wood, in place of Deshler, resigned. 

1829. Davies Francis, in place of Martin, declined. 
" Wm. Long, reelected. 

1830. Wm. T. Martin, again, in place of Francis, de- 

ceased. 

1831. Thomas Wood, reelected. 

1832. John Kelly, in place of Wm. Long. 

1833. Wm. T. Martin, reelected. 

1834. Thomas Wood, " 

1835. Warren Jenkins, in place of Kelly. 

1836. Wm. T. Martin, reelected. 

1837. Thomas Wood, " 

" James Cherry, in place of Jenkins, resigned. 

1839. Wm. T. Martin, reelected. 

1840. Thomas Wood, " 

" Robert Ware in place of Cherry. 

1842. J. P. Bruck in place of Ware, dec'd. 
" Wm. T. Martin reelected. 

1843. Alexander Patton in place of Wood. 
1845. J. P. Bruck reelected. 

" Wm. T. Martin, " 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 191 

1846. Alex. Pattern, elected. 

1848. Daniel Evans in place of Bruck. 
" Wm. T. Martin reelected. 

1849. J. P. Bruck in place of Patton. 

1851. Wm. Haddock in place of Evans. 

" Nathan Brooks in place of Martin, resigned. 

1852. William Field in place of Bruck. 

1854. Charles Jucksch in place of Brooks. 
" John G. Miller in place of Haddock. 

1855. Wm. Field reelected. 
1857. John G. Miller reelected. 



CHAPTER XVI. 



PLEASANT TOWNSHIP. 



This township was organized by its present name in 
1807, though it then embraced four or five times its 
present area. It was reduced to its present limits by 
the- formation of Jackson in 1815, and of Prairie in 
1819. A settlement was commenced on Darby, near 
Georgesville, at an early age of the county. Amongst 
the settlers were, Messrs. Thomas Roberts, John Bigger, 
James Gardiner, Samuel Dyer, Samuel Kerr, John 
Turner and others. About as early as 1805, Mr. Dyer 
erected his mill, which was long known as " Dyer's 
mill," and has been kept up by repeated repairs till the 
present time. It was for some years owned by James 
Gardiner, and bore his name ; but it is now owned by 
William Dyer, and its former name restored. It is the 
only flouring mill in the township. 

In 1815, a post office was established in this town- 
ship by the name of " Pleasant Post Office." In 1816, 
Mr. Roberts laid out the town of Georgesville, and in 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 193 

1818, the name of the post office was changed to 
" Georgesville Post Office." The successive postmasters 
have been : 

Thos. Roberts, first postmaster, appointed in Feb. 1815. 
Thos. Reynolds, second, " " Sept. 1828. 

Wm. Scott, third postmaster, (present incumbent,) ap- 
pointed Nov. 1851. 
Mr. Reynolds died in July, 1851. From that time 
till Mr. Scott's appointment (four months) the office was 
kept by his widow. 

In June, 1836, the town of Harrisburgh was laid out 
by Joseph Chenowith, Esq., Frederick Cole, Esq., sur- 
veyor. It is now a lively village, containing about 
thirty families, two taverns, four stores, two physicians, 
a church, belonging to the Methodist denomination, and 
a post office. The post office, however, had been estab- 
lished at this place, by the name of " Darby Cross 
Roads," some years before the town was laid out. 
After the town was laid out, the name was changed to 
" Harrisburg Post Office." The successive postmasters 
have been : 

John Haines, first postmaster. 

George Geiger, second " appointed in 1833. 

Abram Buckles, third " " 1836. 

13 



194 HISTORY OF 

Dr. T. Thompson, fourth postmaster, appointed in 1838. 
Henry Miller, fifth " " 1841. 

J. W. Goetschius, sixth « « 1849. 

Henry Miller, seventh postmaster, (present incumbent,) 
appointed in 1853. 

At the session of 1850-51, the town was incorpo- 
rated, and in -1851, the following gentlemen were 
elected the first Board of Trustees : Henry Miller, J. 
Chenowith, 0. T. Curry, L. W. Sefert and G. W. 
Helmick. 

SUCCESSIVE MAYORS, RECORDERS AND MARSHALS. 

Year. Mayor. Recorder. Marshal. 

1851. J. Helmick Z. G. Weddle S. Swisgood. 

1852. 

1853. " J. R. Sheeders S. H. Covert. 

1854. 

1855. J. R. Sheeders J. Helmick J. Fuller. 

1856. J. Helmick Titus England 

1857. Geo. W. Helmick... " John Snyder. 

The population of this township in 1840, was 807. 
In 1850, it was 968. In 1853, the township consti- 
tuted twelve school districts with an aggregate of 503 
youth between the ages of five and twenty-one years. 
In 1857, the aggregate of such youth was 518. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 195 

SUCCESSIVE JUSTICES OF THE PEACE. 

1807. Samuel Kerr and John Smith, elected. 

1808. John Turner, in place of Kerr, resigned. 
1811. John Turner, reelected, and Alexander Blair. 

1814. Michael Dickey, elected. 

1815. Samuel Dyer, " 

1816. Reuben Golliday, « 

1818. Samuel Dyer, reelected. 

1819. Reuben Golliday, " 

1821. Jacob Gundy, in place of Dyer. 

1822. Reuben Golliday, reelected. 

1824. Jacob Gundy, " 

1825. John Tipton, in place of Golliday. 

1827. Jacob Gundy, reelected. 

1828. John Tipton, " 

1830. William Walker, in place of Gundy. 

1831. John Tipton, reelected. 

1833. William Walker, " 

1834. John Tipton, « 

1836. William Walker, " 

1837. John Tipton, " 

1839. William Walker, « 

1840. John Tipton, reelected, moved to the west, and 

same year, 
1840. Richard Heath, elected in place of Tipton. 



196 HISTORY, ETC. 

1842. William Walker, reelected. 

1843. Henry Shenefelt, in place of Heath. 

1845. William Walker, reelected. 

1846. Henry Shenefelt, " 
1848. William Walker, " 

1848. Geo. W. Helmick, elected in place of Shenefelt. 

1850. Zelotes G. Weddle, in place of Helmick, resigned. 

1851. Geo. W. Helmick, in place of Walker. 

1853. J. B. Mitchel, in place of Weddle. 

1854. Reuben Chaffin, in place of Helmick. 

1856. J. B. Mitchel, reelected, and William Walker, in 
place of Chaffin, resigned. 



CHAPTER XVII. 



HAMILTON TOWNSHIP. 



The lands in this township were originally surveyed 
for the government in 1799, by one John Matthews, 
and hence the words " Matthews's Survey," which are 
very common, though not necessary, in deeds and con- 
veyances of lands in this township. In 1800, these 
lands came into market, and in that year, or the year 
following, settlements commenced. Amongst the first 
settlers were John Dill and Michael Fisher, and soon 
after, Percival Adams, Thomas Morris, the Weathering- 
tons, the Stewarts, the Johnstons, James Culbertson, 
the Stombaughs, Geo. W. Williams and Robert Shannon 
and his sons, Samuel, Hugh, James, John, Joseph and 
William. 

In 1807, the township was organized by its present 
name, though it then contained within its boundaries the 
territory also from which the Township of Madison was 
afterward created. Hamilton is now just eight miles in 



198 HISTORY OF 

length, north and south, and about four miles in width, 
varying with the meanders of the river. In the origi- 
nal division of the county into townships in 1803, this 
territory was part in Liberty, and part in Harrison 
townships. This township has generally been regarded 
as containing a greater proportion of first rate land 
than any other in the county ; and the location of the 
canal through it, gave it additional advantages in the 
way of water power. Hartwell's mill, at the four-mile 
locks, was erected soon after the completion of the 
canal, and subsequently, Cottage Mills were erected .by 
Messrs. Hibbs and Dalzell in the year 1841. 

In the fall of 1831, the town of Lockbourne was laid 
out by Co\. Kilbourne, as the agent of Joel Buttles, 
Demas Adams and others. It now contains about sixty 
or seventy families, two churches, one denominated the 
United Brethren in Christ, who have a comfortable 
wooden church building, erected about the year 1843, 
the other Methodist Episcopal, with a neat brick church 
edifice, erected in 1850, two dry goods stores, three gro- 
ceries, two taverns, three practicing physicians, a grist 
mill, a saw mill and a post office, established in 1837. 

SUCCESSIVE POSTMASTERS. 

Nathan G. Smith, first postmaster, appointed in 1837. 
Zebulon Marcy, second " " 1838. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 199 

John H. Stage, third postmaster, appointed in 1839. 

C. M. Porter, fourth " " 1849. 

Dr. A. N. Boales, fifth " " 1851. 

Dr. J. R. Marshal, sixth " " 1853. 

John A. Sarber, seventh " " 1854. 

John II. Haire, eighth postmaster, (present incumbent,) 
appointed in 1856. 

At the Legislative session of 1839-40, an act was 
passed to incorporate the town, but the citizens never 
availed themselves of it. 

In the spring of 1853, the village of Shadesville was 
laid out by A. G. Hibbs. It now contains about twenty 
families, one tavern, two stores, a Methodist church, a 
good school house, and a post office, established in the 
fall of 1853. 

Mr. Hibbs, first postmaster, was appointed in 1853. 
Joshua Ilertzel, second " " 1858. 

Besides the churches in Lockbourne and Shadesville, 
there are two others in this township — the Hamilton 
Township Presbyterian Church, organized by Doctor 
Hoge, many years since — and the German Lutheran 
Church. The latter have a good brick church edifice, 
erected about the year 1844 or '45, on the Lancaster 
road some eight miles south of Columbus. The former 



200 HISTORY OF 

have a good-sized, frame church building, erected about 
the year 1831. The successive pastors of this church 
have been : Rev. N. S. Ransom, Rev. Elisha Vandeman, 
Rev. John M. Fulton, Rev. J. D. Smith, Rev. Thomas 
Woodrow, Rev. James Smith, Rev. W. Maynard, since 
the first of January 1857. 

In 1840, the population of the township, including 
the villages, was 1258. In 1850, it was 1485. In 
1853, the township constituted thirteen school districts, 
with an aggregate of 560 youth between the ages of ' 
five and twenty-one years. In 1857, the aggregate of 
such youth was 557. 

SUCCESSIVE JUSTICES OF THE PEACE. 

1807. William Dunning and William Irwin, elected. 

1809. David Spangler, in place of Irwin, deceased. 

1810. Thomas Morris, in place of Dunning. 

1812. John B. Johnston, in place of Spangler. 

1813. Percival Adams, in place of Morris. 

1814. John Stipp, in place of Johnston, deceased. 
1816. Percival Adams, reelected, and George Hays, in 

place of Stipp, removed. 
1819. Adams, reelected, and Andrew Dill, in place of 

Hays. 
1822. Adams and Dill, both reelected. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 201 

1825. Adams and Dill, both reelected. 
1828. " " « 

1831. Dill, reelected, and Joseph Murray, in place of 
Adams. 

1832. William Champ, in place of Dill, deceased. 

1833. Michael Fisher, in place of Champ, removed. 

1834. John Landes, elected, and Joseph Murray, re- 
elected. 

1837. Wm. Jacobs, and Joseph Murray, reelected. 

1840. William Shannon and Z. P. Thompson. 

1843. W. Shannon, reelected, and George Earhart, in 

place of Thompson. 
1846. W. Shannon and G. Earhart, both reelected. 
1849. Earhart, reelected, and Patterson Harrison, to 

succeed Shannon, who removed to Illinois. 
1852. Earhart aud Harrison, both reelected. 

1854. Robert E. Shannon, place of Earhart, resigned. 

1855. P. Harrison, reelected. 

1857. Robert E. Shannon, reelected. 

1858. Patterson Harrison, reelected. 



CHAPTER XVIII. 

WASHINGTON TOWNSHIP. 

This township was set off and organized by its pres- 
ent name in 1809. It then comprised all of what is now 
Washington, all of Perry and Norwich, and part of 
Brown; and was composed of parts of the original 
townships of Franklin, Darby and Liberty. The first 
settlement in this township was commenced in the neigh- 
borhood of where Dublin now stands, about the year 
1801 or 1802. Amongst the first settlers were old Mr. 
Ludwick Sells, from Huntington County, Pennsylvania, 
and his family of sons, Samuel, Peter, Benjamin and 
WiHiam ; the latter one of whom is still living, in the 
town of Dublin. An older brother, John Sells, also re- 
moved into the same neighborhood in 1808 or 1809. In 
1818, he laid out the town of Dublin, which soon be- 
came a pleasant and healthy village, and of late years 
a place of considerable business, with a population of 
some three or four hundred ; a fair proportion of stores, 
taverns, and mechanics, and a good mill in the immedi- 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 203 

ate vicinity. There are four churches in the town — 
Methodist, Presbyterian, Newlight and Christian — all 
have their church buildings. Beside the churches in 
town, there is a respectable German Lutheran Church 
within a mile or two of the village, erected within the 
last year. In the west part of the township the relig- 
ious meetings are principally held in the school houses. 

In 1855, the town was incorporated, and the borough 
government organized by the election of officers, etc. — 
Z. Hutchison, Esq., Mayor, and Wm Graham, Esq., Re- 
corder. But, after an experiment of one year, the citi- 
zens appearing to prefer a larger amount of liberty, de- 
clined holding further elections, and let the corporate 
organization go down. 

In 1840, the population of this township was 843. 
In 1850, it was 1,282. In 1853, it contained eleven 
school districts, and 589 youth between the ages of five 
and twenty-one years. In 1857, agreeably to the re- 
turns, there were only 511 of such youth. 

There is but one post office in this township ; that is 
in Dublin, established in 1820. 

Daniel Wright, first postmaster, appointed in 1820. 

Moses Davis, second, " " about 1827. 

Isaac N. Walters, third, " " 1828. 

John Eberly, fourth, (present incumbent,) 1831. 



204 HISTORY OF 

SUCCESSIVE JUSTICES OF THE PEACE. 

1809. Benjamin Sells and Daniel M. Brown. 

1811. Daniel Brack and Robert Justice. 

1812. Justice Miller and Simeon Wilcox. 
1815. George Robert and Tracy Wilcox. 

1817. John Sells and Patrick Conner. 

1818. David Smith and Chandler Rogers, in place of 
Wilcox. 

1820. Peter Sells and Alexander Basset. 

1822. Wm. Ivilbourne in place of Basset, resigned. 

1821. Charles Sells and Brice Hays. 

1827. Charles Sells, reelected, and Jas. Howard in 
place of Hays. 

1828. David Bailey in place of Howard, removed. 

1830. Charles Sells, reelected, and Henry Coffman and 
Jacob Paupaw in place of Bailey, deceased. 

1831. John Eberly first elected in place of Paupaw. 

1833. Henry Coffman reelected, and John UlYner. 

1834. John Eberly, reelected. 

1836. Daniel Wright and James Howard. 

1838. John Eberly, reelected, and William Harris in 
place of Howard, removed. 

1839. Zenas Hutchinson in place of Wright, and George 
Churchman, elected. 

1841. Eberly, reelected. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 205 

1842. Henry Coffman and Z. Hutchinson. 

1844. Eberly, reelected. 

1845. George W. Evans, in place of Hutchinson. 
1848. Eberly reelected, and Wm. Graham. 
1848. George W. Evans, reelected. 

1850. Eberly and Graham, both reelected. 

1851. George W. Evans, « 

1853. Eberly and Graham, both " 

1854. Eri Douglass, in place of Evans. Douglass re- 
signed in 1856 — his place not filled. 

1856. Eberly and Graham, both reelected. 



CHAPTER XIX. 



MADISON TOWNSHIP. 



Madison is the largest township in the county, being 
eight miles in extent north and south ; and now, since 
the accession in 1851, is seven miles east and west, with 
the exception of the jog in the south-east corner. It 
was organized as a township in 1809 ; had before been 
part of Hamilton. Settlements commenced in 1802 or 
1803. As early as 1805, John Swisher, Esq., now of 
Perry Township, then from the State of New Jersey, 
settled here. He then found living in the township, 
Isaac Decker, Elias Decker, Charles Rarey, and his sons 
Adam, Benjamin, William, Charles and George — then 
boys, and a few others. Near the same time, and soon 
after, were added to the population, John Kile and 
family, Matthew Taylor, Jacob Gander, George Rohr 
and sons, and the Ramseys — Samuel, James and Robert, 
Mr. Mooberry and family, Billingsly Bull, Daniel Kra- 
mer, Matthias Wolf, Thomas Rathmel, Emmor Cox, 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 207 

James McClish, Philip Pontius, William D. Hendron, 
Philemon Needles, and others. 

The school sections appropriated by the government 
to the townships of Madison, Hamilton, Montgomery 
and Truro, were all situated in this township, adjoining 
each other. The three latter townships sold theirs some 
twenty-five or thirty years ago. Madison still retains 
her section (No. 16), and realizes from it a handsome 
school revenue. 

The first mill erected in this township was by Mat- 
thew Taylor, on Alum Creek, near its mouth, about the 
year 1807 or 1808. It was quite an acquisition to the 
settlement ; but it has long since disappeared, and no 
vestige remains to show where it stood. About the year 
1810 or '11, George Sharp erected mills on Gahanna, 
which were afterward owned by John Sharp ; but have, 
a number of years since, entirely disappeared. There 
is now but one grist mill in the township, and that is 
Chaney's valuable mill on the canal, near Winchester. 
Near the same place is a wool-carding and fulling mill, 
also owned by the Messrs. Chaneys. 

In 1817, the town of Oregon, formerly called Middle- 
town, was laid out by Isaac Decker. At the session of 
1830-31, the name was changed from Middletown to 
Oregon. In 1829, a post office was established here. 



208 HISTORY OF 

Dr. Thomas Hersey, first postmaster, appointed in 1829. 
Isaac D. Decker, second postmaster, appointed in 

place of Hersey, resigned, in 1833. 

This office was discontinued about the time the office 
was established at Groveport. 

In September, 1843, the western part of what is now 
Groveport, was laid out for a town, by Jacob B. Wert, 
and named " Wert's Grove," Mr. Wert being one of the 
first settlers in his new town. 

In February, 1844, Wm. II. Rarey laid out the east- 
ern part of the present town, adjoining the canal, and 
named it " Rarey's-Port." Mr. Rarey was also a resi- 
dent of the place at the time. The village improved as 
fast as either of the proprietors could reasonably expect, 
but each end of it bearing a different name. The pro- 
priety of a common name for the whole, soon became 
manifest to all. Each proprietor would doubtless have 
preferred his own chosen name. The citizens finally, 
willing to treat both proprietors alike, concluded to drop 
the prefix, or personal name of both, and retain the lat- 
ter part of each name, and thus the name of " Grove- 
port " was agreed upon ; and by that name it was incor- 
porated at the session of 1846-7. 

The first Board of Councilmen, elected in the spring 
of 1847, were : Samuel Sharp, E. M. Dutton, J. P. By- 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 209 

waters, C. J. Stevenson, and Wm. Mitchell. Other suc- 
cessive officers : 

Year. Mayor. Recorder. Marshal. 

1847. A. Shoemaker A. Clark Wm. James. 

1848. Henry Long Edmund Gares Leonard Sarber. 

1849. " " «.« " " 

1850. Z. P. Thompson ... A. Sharp James Turner. 

1851. " " A.Clark B.Callahan. 

1852. E. W. Edwards A. Sharp James Turner. 

1853. Jeremiah White. ... A. Clark 0. F. Connell. 

1854. " " " J. Stimmel. 

1855. Z. P. Thompson . . . A. C. King Wm. Watson. 

1856. " " K. F. Dildine " 

1857. N. Steel H. Mc Arthur J. Turner. 

1858. L. Sarber R. F. Dildine Not yet appointed. 

Groveport is quite a business place, well supplied 
with stores of dry goods and groceries, one drug store, 
three physicians, four churches, one Baptist, one Metho- 
dist, one Presbyterian, and one United Brethren, and a 
large and commodious school house. In 1850, the pop- 
ulation was 483. 

A post office was established at this place in 1844. 

Jacob B. Wert, first postmaster. 
Edward Gares, second postmaster. 
A. C. Headly, third " appointed in 1852. 

Samuel Sharp, fourth, " present incumbent, 

appointed in 1854. 

The annexation of six sections of land to the east 
14 



210 HISTORY OF 

side of Madison Township, in 1851, threw the town of 
Winchester, which had previously been in Fairfield 
County, into this. Winchester, like Groveport, is situa- 
ted on the canal, and is a place of very considerable 
business, particularly in grain and produce. In its bus- 
iness generally, it bears a similarity to Groveport, though 
it is a much older town. It was laid out about the year 
1826 or '27, by Reuben Dove and John Coleman, of 
Fairfield. It now contains over 400 inhabitants ; three 
churches, viz : United Brethren, Methodist, and German 
Reform ; two schools, three physicians, three stores, two 
hotels, and the usual proportion of mechanics' shops, 
and a post office. Peter T. Krag, Esq., present post- 
master, appointed in 1853. 

The town is not incorporated. 

Beside the churches in the town of Winchester and 
Groveport, there are in this township a good Methodist 
meeting house, on the farm of Mr. Thomas Needles, 
known by the name of " White Chapel," erected about 
the year 1842 or '43 ; and a small German church some 
two or three miles from Winchester, erected about the 
year 1849. The Presbyterians worship at the " Truro 
meeting house," or at Groveport. 

The population of this township, agreeably to the 
census of 1840, was 1,810. In 1850, it was 2,480. 
In 1853, the township contained twenty-one school dis- 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 211 

tricts, and an aggregate of 1,195 youth between the 
ages of five and twenty-one years. In 1857, the aggre- 
gate of such youth was 1,209. 

SUCCESSIVE JUSTICES OF THE PEACE. 

1809. Ebenezer Richards and George Hays, elected. 

1810. Billingsly Bull. 

1811. Wm. D. Hendren and Elijah Austin, elected. 
1815. Elisha Decker, elected. 

1817. Billingsly Bull, Einmer Cox, and James McLish, 

elected. 
1820. Billingsly Bull, Nicholas Goeches, and William 

Godman, elected. 

1823. B. Bull, N. Goeches, and W. Godman, reelected. 

1824. Wm. D. Hendren, in place of Goeches, removed. 

1825. Jacob Gander, in place of Godman, removed. 

1826. John Swisher and William Patterson. 

1828. Jacob Gander, reelected. 

1829. W. Patterson, reelected, and Abraham Shoemaker, 
in place of Swisher. 

1831. Alexander Cameron, in place of Gander. 

1832. Wm. Patterson and Abraham Shoemaker, both 
reelected. 

1834. Alex. Cameron, reelected. 

1835. Isaac Decker and John Swisher. 
1837. Alex. Cameron, reelected. 



212 HISTORY, ETC. 

1838. W. W. Kile and James Pearcy, elected. 

1840. Alex. Cameron, reelected. 

1841. Abraham Shoemaker and John Courtright. 

1843. Alex. Cameron, reelected. 

1844. John Cox and Wm. Mason. 

1846. Joshua Glanville, — resigned in Sept. 1847. 
" Jeremiah White, elected. 

1847. W. W. Kile and Moses Seymour, elected. 

1849. Jeremiah White, reelected. 

1850. W. W. Kile and M. Seymour, reelected — Kile re- 
signed in March, 1852. 

1852. Jeremiah White, reelected, and Henry Nicode- 
mus. 

1853. M. K. Earhart, in place of Seymour. 

1855. Joshua Stevenson, elected — died in 1856. 
" Z. P. Thompson, in place of White. 

1856. John Helpman, in place of Stevenson. 
" M. K. Earhart, reelected. 

1858. Z. P. Thompson, « 



CHAPTER XX 



TRURO TOWNSHIP. 



Truro Township was established and organized in 
1810. In the first division of the county into town- 
ships, it was embraced in, and formed a small part of 
Liberty Township. Its first settlement commenced in 
1805. In 1806, Robert Taylor and his sons Abiather 
Vinton, Matthew, James and David, removed from Nova 
Scotia to Chillicothe, and from thence to this township 
in 1808, where they settled on Walnut Creek. At this 
time they found ten families that had settled in this 
wilderness before them, namely, in 1805, Thomas 
Palmer from Maine, and John Medford, Charles Med- 
ford, George Powell and Charles Chaney from Pennsyl- 
vania; in 1806, John Edgar and John Lynch from 
Pennsylvania, and William Connell and Benjamin Con- 
nell from Virginia; in 1807, John Long from Chilli- 
cothe, (originally from Nova Scotia) ; subsequently, in 
1808, Robert Wilson from Pennsylvania, and Daniel 



214 HISTORY OF 

Ross, with a large family of sons, from Nova Scotia; 
in 1810, Zachariah Paul from Virginia, and William 
Thompson from Pennsylvania; in 1812, John Cam- 
bridge from Pennsylvania, and Captain John Hanson 
from Virginia ; and in 1814, Elias Chester and Jeremiah 
Nay from New York. 

When the township was organized in 1810, the 
Taylor family had the pleasure of naming it " Truro," 
after a township in Nova Scotia, from whence they had 
removed. But little more than ordinary farm improve- 
ments were made until after the location of the national 
road. 

In the fall of 1831, John French, who owned a farm 
and resided where Reynoldsburg now is, laid out the 
town, and James C. Reynolds, afterward Gen. Reynolds, 
then a young man from Zanesville, had temporarily 
located himself there with a small stock of goods suit- 
able for the demand of the laborers on the road. 
Reynolds was in no way interested in the town, but 
merely a boarder with Mr. French, who saw fit to com- 
pliment him by naming the town after him. Subse- 
quently, Mr. Reynolds married and became identified 
with the town as one of its principal business men. He 
continued his store, erected a steam mill in the town, 
was postmaster, etc. He afterward removed to Carroll, 
in Fairfield County, where he died some years since. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 215 

Within the first twelve or fifteen years the town of 
Reynoldsburg grew up to near its present size and 
business. For the last ten or twelve years it has been 
nearly stationary. In 1850, it contained a population 
of 564. 

At the session of 1839-40, the town was incorpo- 
rated, and at the first borough election, in the fall of 
1840, Abraham Johnston, D. K. Wood, Samuel Gares, 
John W. Thompson, Mark Evans, James 0. Kane and 
Archibald Cooper were elected the first Board of 
Trustees. 

SUCCESSIVE MAYORS, RECORDERS AND MARSHALS. 

Year. Mayor. Recorder. Marshal. 

1840. Abraham Johnston . D. K. Wood Silas Howard. 

1841. Daniel Taft Geo. D. Graham . . .L. P. Rhoads. 

1842. " Robert Shield S. Howard. 

1843. " " Hiram Sibel. 

1844. Robert Shield John Miller R. S. Looker. 

1845. Archibald Cooper .. " Phillip Rhoads. 

1846. James O'Kane " Hiram Sibel. 

1847. R. Shield J. B. West Silas Howard. 

[There were now several years without any borough election.] 

1853. R. Shield H. M. Morton Silas Howard. 

1854. J. B. West Wm. Boyd J. C. Abbott. 

1855. " C. S. West Jackson Clark. 

1856. Richard Rhoads J. H. Lynch Orin Harris. 

1857. J. B. West H. M. Morton 

Not long after the laying out of Reynoldsburg, Mr 



216 HISTORY OF 

Thomas Armstrong disposed of a few building lots on 
the road side near the crossings of Walnut Creek, which 
being improved, brought some four or five families in 
close proximity, and the place assumed thf name of 
" Hibernia." The lots were never platted aud recorded, 
nor was it intended for a regular town. There was, how- 
ever, a post office, established at this place in 1849, and 
Wm. F. Armstrong appointed postmaster, who continued 
to hold the office until 1857, when he resigned and the 
office was discontinued. 

There are in Truro Township seven churches, four of 
which are in Reynoldsburg, one Baptist, one Presbyte- 
rian, one Methodist, and one Universalist. Near the 
middle of the township is the old Presbyterian " Truro 
meeting house," and at White Hall and at Mr. Powell's 
are Methodist meeting houses. 

The old " Truro meeting house," was erected about 
the year 1820, and the church was organized by Doctor 
Hoge. The successive pastors have been, Rev. Mat- 
thew Taylor, Rev. Abner Leonard, Rev. Elias Vande- 
man, Rev. John M. Fulton, Rev. J. D. Smith, Rev. John 
Scott, Rev. John Arthur, Rev. Andrew Barr, Rev. W. 
Maynard, the present pastor. 

In 1840, the population of this township, including 
the town of Reynoldsburg, was 1439. In 1850, it was 
2156. In 1853, the township contained twelve school 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 217 

districts, and an aggregate of 659 youth between the 
ages of five and twenty-one years. In 1857, the aggre- 
gate of such youth was 807. 

reynoldsburg post office. — (Established in 1833.) 
James C. Reynolds, first postmaster, appointed in 1833. 



Hiram Sibel, second 


a 


ii 


1840. 


E. G. Hardesty, third 


a 


ii 


1841, 


Jas. C. Reynolds, fourth 


ii 


ii 


1842, 


John Miller, fifth 


ii 


ii 


1846 


Lewis Sells, sixth 


ii 


ii 


1847, 


L. P. Rhoads, seventh 


ii 


ii 


1849, 


R. R. Johnston, eighth 


ii 


ii 


1853 


John Cookes, ninth 


ii 


ii 


1855 


H. E. Miller, tenth 


ii 


ii 


a 


John Wright, eleventh 


ii 


ii 


1856 



SUCCESSIVE JUSTICES OF THE PEACE. 

1810. Ebenezer Richards, elected. 

1812. Richard Suddick and John Stevenson, elected. 

1815. Richard Suddick, reelected, and James Taylor, 

elected* 
1818. John Long and Richard Cortright, in place of 

Taylor and Suddick. 
1821. Long and Cortright, both reelected. 



218 HISTORY OF 

1822. Matthew Crawford, in place of Cortright, removed 
fom the township. 

1824. John Long, reelected. 

1825. Matthew Crawford, " 

1827. John Long, " 

1828. Daniel Whetsel, in place of Crawford. 

1829. Jonathan McComb and Jeremiah Nay, in place of 
Long and Whetsel, both resigned. 

1832. McComb, reelected, and James C. Reynolds, in 

place of Nay. 
1835. McComb, reelected, and Daniel Taft, in place of 

Reynolds. 

1838. Joseph A. Reynolds, in place of Taft. 

1839. James C. Reynolds, in place of Joseph A. Rey- 
nolds, resigned, and Sylvanus Baldwin, in place 
of McComb. 

1842. Baldwin, reelected, and Geo. D. Graham, in place 
of Reynolds. 

1843. A third justice was allowed to the township, and 
James Fancher, elected. 

1845. Solomon Shultz, in place of Fancher, resigned. 
" Baldwin and Graham, reelected. 

1846. John Miller, in place of Baldwin, deceased. 

1848. Geo. D. Graham and Solomon Shultz, both re- 
elected. 

1849. John B. West, in place of Miller. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 219 

1851. David K. Wood, in place of Graham, and S. 
Shultz, reelected. 

1852. John B. West, reelected, and Barnabas Harris, in 
place of Shultz, resigned. 

1854. D. K. Wood, reelected. 

1855. B. Harris, " 

1856. N. C. Mason, in place of West. 

1857. James Taylor, in place of Wood. 

1858. E. C. Green, in place of Harris. 



CHAPTER XXI 



PLAIN TOWNSHIP. 



This township was organized in 1810, and then 
embraced two or three times its present boundaries, but 
after the organization of Jefferson and Blendon, in 1815 
and 1816, it was reduced to its present bounds, which 
is just one original surveyed township of five miles 
square, and is designated on all correct maps as town- 
ship two, in range sixteen, of the United States 
Military Lands. The fourth or south-east quarter was 
laid out into one hundred acre lots for the benefit of 
revolutionary soldiers, holding one hundred acre war- 
rants, and the patents issued accordingly. Quarters 
number one and two, (north half of the township,) were 
afterward laid out into sections of six hundred and forty 
acres, and subdivided into quarter sections, and sold as 
other Congress lands. The third, or south-west quarter, 
four thousand acres, was patented to Dudley Wood- 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 221 

bridge in 1800, and was in April, 1802, sold and 
conveyed by Woodbridge to John Huffman, then of 
Washington County, Pennsylvania, but afterward a 
well known citizen of Franklin County, Ohio, for one 
gallon of whisky per acre, that is, for four thousand 
gallons of whisky, delivered at Marietta, though the 
consideration named in the deed is four thousand 
dollars. Mr. Huffman subsequently, about the year 
1821 or '22, divided these lands amongst his children. 

It is said that Joseph Scott was the first settler in 
the township, on a lease from Huffman ; though near the 
same time, in the summer or fall of 1802, Adam Baugh- 
man and Samuel Baughman, and one or two others, 
removed from Pennsylvania to these lands, part of the 
way cutting the road through the woods as they went. 
Henry Huffman soon followed, and subsequently 'Squire 
Patterson and others. 

Mr. Samuel Baughman has been a resident of that 
township ever since, and whilst his friends and pioneer 
companions have paid the debt of nature, he is still 
living, and enjoying good health and all the comforts 
consequent upon industry and prudent economy. 

Amongst the early settlers, but subsequent to those 
above named, were Lorin Hills, Jesse Byington, Gilbert 
Waters, William Yantes, Abraham Williams, Joseph 
Moore and others. The land was not regarded as being 



222 HISTORY OF 

of the best quality, but the water was good and the 
location healthy, and the increase of population regular 
until it is now densely settled, and the improvements 
generally good. There has, however, as yet been no 
flouring mill in the township, but some half dozen or 
more saw mills. Daniel Kramer erected the first on 
Rocky Fork about the year 1827 or '28, since whieh 
Archibald Smith, Christian Bevelheimer, Daniel Swick- 
ard and some others have erected saw mills. 

Of religious denominations, the Methodists are per- 
haps, the most numerous in this township. They have 
a good brick meeting house, erected about 1837 or '38, 
in the northern part of the township, called " Plain 
Chapel," and a good frame meeting house in the town of 
New Albany, erected about 1847 or '48. The United 
Brethren are also tolerably numerous. They have a 
brick church near the center of the township, erected 
about the year 1836 or 37. The Albrites, German, 
have a good wooden church building about one mile 
west from Plain Chapel. The Presbyterians have a 
small wooden church in New Albany, congregation small. 

In 1826, Lorin Hills and Lester Humphrey laid out 
a town on the Granville road near where New Albany 
now is, which they called " Lafayetteville," and had the 
plat recorded, etc., but it never improved, and was 
finally vacated. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 223 

In 1835, Francis Clymer laid out a town on his farm 
which he called " Mount Pleasant," but this also was a 
failure, and was abandoned. 

In May, 1837, Noble Landon and William Yantis 
laid out the town of New Albany, not as partners, but 
one owned the land on one side of the main street, and 
the other on the opposite side, and they had it all 
platted together, but each one held or disposed of his 
own lots at his pleasure. It is now a thriving village, 
and quite an advantage to the country around. The 
town is incorporated, and in April, 1856, they held their 
first charter election, at which the following gentlemen 
were elected, to wit : S. Ogden, Mayor ; C. S. Ogden, 
Recorder ; R. Phelps, Marshal ; F. Johnson, J. McCurdy, 
C. Baughman, A. B. Beem, S. Stinson, Councilmen. 

The population of this township, agreeably to the 
census of 1840, was 1264. In 1850, it was 1561. In 
1853, the township contained twelve school districts, 
and an aggregate of 653 youth between the ages of 
five and twenty-one years. In 1857, the aggregate of 
such youth was, as returned to the Auditor's office, six 
hundred. 

There is but one post office in the township of Plain, 
and that is in ' New Albany. It was established in 
1838, and is named " Hope." 



224 HISTORY OF 

Noble Landson, Esq., first postmaster, commissioned 
May 15th, 1838, and continued by reappointment 
until April 15, 1853. 

Daniel Horlocker, Esq., second postmaster, appointed 
April 15, 1853. 

Jacob Ullery, Esq., third postmaster, (present incum- 
bent,) appointed January 22, 1855. 

SUCCESSIVE JUSTICES OF THE PEACE. 

1810. John Scott and Simeon Moore, elected. 

1811. Jacob Tharp, in place of Scott. 

1814. Simeon Moore, reelected. 

1815. Jacob Smith and Thomas B. Patterson. 

1817. George Wells, elected. 

1818. Thos. B. Patterson, reelected. 

1819. Asa Whitehead, elected. 

1820. John Davis, " 

1821. Thos. B. Patterson, reelected. 

1823. John Davis, reelected, and Abraham Williams. 
1826. Davis and Williams, both reelected. 
1829. Daniel Swickard and Joseph Moore. 
1832. Swickard and Moore, both reelected. 
1835. Swickard, reelected, and Paul Farber, in place of 
Moore. 

1838. Swickard, reelected, and Joseph Moore, in place 
of Farber. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 225 

L84— . Daniel Hamaker and Isaac Williams, in place of 
Swickard and Moore. 

1844. Hamaker and Williams, both reelected. 

1847. " " a " 

1850. Hamaker, reelected, and Daniel Horlocker, in 
place of Williams. 

1853. Hamaker, reelected, and James Carpenter, in 
place of Horlocker. 

1856. (In spring,) George Wagner, in place of Hama- 
ker. 
" (In fall,) Daniel Hamaker, again in place of Car- 
penter. 



15 



CHAPTER XXII 



MIFFLIN TOWNSHIP. 



The first settlement of what is now Mifflin Township 
was commenced about the year 1799 or 1800, by emi- 
grants from Pennsylvania. Amongst the first settlers, 
were William Read, (afterward Judge Read,) William 
Simmons, Frederick Agler, George Baughman, Daniel 
Turney, Matthias Ridenour, then Ebenezer Butler, and 
others. In the division of the county into townships, 
in 1803, this territory was included in, and formed a 
part of, Liberty Township. In 1811, the township was 
established and organized with its present boundaries, 
and named after their old Pennsylvania Governor — Mif- 
flin. It consists of just one of the original surveyed 
townships, of five miles square, and is designated as 
township number one, in range number seventeen, of the 
United States Military Lands. There was nothing re- 
markable in the settlement of the township ; the popula- 
tion and improvements progressed regularly. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 227 

There has not yet been any flouring mill erected in 
this township, but several saw mills — some that have 
done a good business, and others that appeared to do 
well for a time, but were then suffered to run down. 
Amongst the former, are Dean's old mill, erected over 
thirty years ago, and now owned by Judge Heyl, and 
Park's mill ; and amongst the latter, was one erected 
by Mr. Janney, on Walnut Creek, about the year 1835 
or '36, and afterward owned by J. M. Walcutt, Esq., and 
one erected by A. McElvain, on Alum Creek, about the 
year 1838 or '39. There is but one town or village in 
this township, and that is Gahanna, or Bridgeport, laid 
out part by John Clark, Esq., in 1848 or '49, and called 
Gahanna, and part by Jesse Baughman, Esq., in 1853, 
and called Bridgeport. There is a post office in this 
place, established in August, 1849. Thos. Young, Esq., 
was the first postmaster, and continued until July, 1853 ; 
when John T. Baughman, the present incumbent, was 
appointed. There is another post office on Alum Creek, 
at Park's saw mill. This was established in 1851. The 
first postmaster was Jeremiah Lasure, who continued 
until 1853, when he was succeded by James Parks, Esq., 
the present incumbent. 

The population of this township, agreeably to the 
census of 1840, was 825. In 1850, it was 1,095. In 
1853, the township contained nine school districts, and 



228 HISTORY OF 

an aggregate of 446 youth between the ages of five 
and twenty-one years. In 1857, the aggregate of such 
youth was 458. 

There are two churches contiguous to the village of 
Bridgeport, one a good frame building, belonging to the 
Presbyterians, and the other a brick, belonging to the 
Lutheran and German Reformed congregations. 

SUCCESSIVE JUSTICES OF THE PEACE. 

1811. Frederick Agler and John Scott, elected. 

1815. John Scott, reelected, and Stephen Harris, in 
Agler's place. 

1816. Stephen R. Price and Henry Hawken, in place 
of Scott and Harris, removed from township. 

1819. S. R. Price, reelected, and Samuel Gillet, in place 
of Hawken, declined. 

1822. Price and Gillet, both reelected. 

1823. John Hawken, in place of Gillet, deceased. 
1825. James Smith, in place of Price, and same year 

Hugh Ijams in place of Smith, removed. 

1827. Wm. Dalzell, in place of Hawken. 

1828. Hugh Ijams, reelected. 

1829. David Beers, in place of Dalzell, removed. 
1832. David Beers, reelected, and James Price, in place 

of Ijams. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 229 

1835. David Beers, reelected, and John Starret, in place 

of Price. 
1838. Beers and Starret, both reelected. 
1841. Beers, reelected, and James Price, in place of 

Starret. 
1844. Beers and Price, both reelected. 
1847. Beers and Price, " « 

1850. Beers, reelected, and John Starret, in place of 

Price. 
1853. Beers, reelected, and A. W. Jeffries, in place of 

Starret. 

1855. Henry Ridenour, in place of Jeffries, resigned. 

1856. David Beers, reelected. 

1858. (Apr.) Philip Keim, elected, commissioned and 
resigned, all in the same month. 



CHAPTER XXIII. 

CLIN'TON TOWNSHIP. 

This township consists of just one of the original sur- 
veyed townships, of five miles square, and is designated 
on the original plats as township one, range eighteen, 
United States Military Lands. Amongst the first set- 
tlers in this township, were the Fultons — Hugh and 
Robert — John Hunter, Samuel McElvain and family, 
John Lisle and family, Mr. Henderson and family, and 
the Hesses; and about the year 1804 or 1805, David 
Beers and family. 

In 1811, it was organized as a township. In 1814, 
Roswell Wilcox moved into the township, and erected 
the mills long known as " Wilcox mills," but of late 
years known as the " Piatt mills," and now owned by 
the Messrs. Hess, which have been doing a useful 
business over forty years. Farther up the creek, are 
George Whip's mills, also doing a good business ; and 
there are three distilleries in the township doing a pretty 
extensive business manufacturing liquor, and fattening 
hogs, etc. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 231 

About the year 1846 or '47, Alanson Bull, Esq., sold 
a few building lots on the road side, which were bought 
and improved by mechanics. He did not have any plat 
of his lots recorded, nor did he design it for a regular 
town, but merely to afford residences for a few mechan- 
ics, for the benefit of the neighborhood. It however 
soon grew into a village, and assumed the name of 
" Clintonville." There was a post office established here 
in Oct. 1847, and James Ferguson appointed postmaster, 
who was succeeded by his son J. M. Ferguson, the pres- 
ent postmaster. 

In 1852, Messrs. Solomon and George W. Beers, laid 
out some lots on the roadside between Clintonville and 
Columbus, and had their plat recorded, and named the 
place " North Columbus ;" in which some considerable 
improvements have been made. 

There are in this township three churches and three 
cemeteries — a Methodist Church and burying place on 
the Worthington plank road, near the residence of Rev. 
Jason Bull ; and another about five miles from Colum- 
bus, on the Lockwin plank road, near the residence of 
G. S. Innis, Esq. ; and a church at Clintonville, belong- 
ing to the Christian denomination ; and a burying place 
three or four miles north of Columbus, on the west side 
of the Olentangy. 

In 1840, this township contained 969 inhabitants. In 



232 HISTORY OF 

1850, it contained 1,186. In 1853, it constituted ten 
school districts, and contained an aggregate of 370 
youth between the ages of five and twenty-one years. 
In 1857, the aggregate of such youth was 430. 

SUCCESSIVE JUSTICES OF THE PEACE. 

1811. Wm. McElvain and Wm. Drody, elected. 

1812. Daniel Hess, in place of McElvain, removed. 

1814. John Smith, in place of Drody. 

1815. John Hunter, in place of Hess. 

1817. John Smith, reelected. 

1818. John Hunter, " 

1820. Elam Jewett, in place of Smith. 

1821. John Hunter, reelected, and Aristarchus Walker, 
in place of Jewett, deceased. 

1824. Hunter and Walker, both reelected. 

1827. Jason Bull, in place of Hunter, deceased, and A. 
Walker, again reelected. 

1830. Jason Bull, reelected, and Jacob Slyh, in Wal- 
ker's place. 

1833. Bull and Slyh, both reelected. 

1836. Samuel Kinnear and Washington Lakins. 

1839. Kinnear, reelected, and Truman Skeels. 

1842. Kinnear, reelected, and Joseph Pegg, in place of 
Skeels. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 233 

1845. Edward A. Stanley. 

1848. Stanley, reelected, and Eli M. Lisle. 

1851. Stanley and Lisle, both reelected. 

1853. Joseph Pegg, elected — (died in 1854.) 

1854. Samuel Kinnear and G. S. Innis. 

1857. Kinnear, reelected. 

1858. Moses Beers, in place of Innis. 



CHAPTER XXIV. 

BLENDON TOWNSHIP. 

This township was stricken off from Sharon, and es- 
tablished the 6th of March, 1815, by the name of Har- 
rison, (the original Harrison Township, described in 
Chapter II, having been chiefly stricken from Franklin 
County in the formation of Pickaway County, in 1810, 
and the remaining part of it being included in the town- 
ships of Hamilton and Madison.) In 1825, the County 
Commissioners changed the name from Harrison to Blen- 
don. The township consists of just one original sur- 
veyed township, of five miles square ; being township 
number two, in range seventeen, United States Military 
Lands. The settlement of this township was not com- 
menced quite as soon as some of the surrounding ones. 
The first settlers here, were Messrs. Edward Phelps and 
Isaac Griswold. They arrived here from Windsor, Con- 
necticut, in 1806 ; the former is said to have cut the 
first tree ever felled by a white man in the township. Mr. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 235 

Phelps died in 1840, aged eighty-one years. Mr. Gris- 
wold has resided in the township ever since 1806, and 
still (1858) is in the enjoyment of a sound constitution 
and good health. In 1808, Messrs. George Osborn and 
Ethan Palmer, from Windsor, and Francis Olmsted and 
his family of sons, (of whom Gen. Philo H. is one,) ar- 
rived from Simsbury, Connecticut ; and about the same 
time Cruger Wright settled here, and John Mattoon and 
Reuben Carpenter, from Vermont, Henry Hone, from 
Pennsylvania, Isaac Harrison, John and William Cooper, 
from Virginia. Subsequently, Capt. John Bishop, Tim- 
othy Lee, Esq., Gideon W. Hart, Esq., the Westervelts, 
and others. 

There are in this township two villages : Westerville, 
laid out by Matthew Westervelt, in July, 1839 ; and 
Amalthea, or Central College, laid out by the College 
Board of Trustees, on the lands of T. Lee, Esq., in 1849. 
There are three post offices in this township : The one 
at Blendon Four Corners, was established in 1824, and 
first called Harrison. In 1825, after the name of the 
township was changed, the office was called Blendon 
Cross Roads, or Four Corners. Isaac Griswold, Esq., was 
the first postmaster, and continued by reappointments 
until 1853, when he resigned, and his son Cicero Gris- 
wold, the present incumbent, was appointed. The Wes- 
terville office was established about the year 1846. Ja- 



236 HISTORY OF 

cob B. Connelly, Esq., first postmaster ; W. W. White- 
head, second ; W. Brush, third ; W. W. Whitehead, 
fourth ; Henry Dyxon, fifth ; N. M. Hawthorn, sixth ; 
James Westervelt, seventh ; Milton H. Mann, the present 
incumbent. 

The Blendon Institute post office was established in 
1841 — changed name to Central College in 1842. Aus- 
tin Stibbins has been the postmaster from its first estab- 
lishment until the present time. 

The different denominations of professing Christians 
in the township, are Old School and New School Pres- 
byterians, United Brethren, and Methodists; all of which 
have their several places of worship. 

The population of this township, agreeably to the 
census of 1840, was 972. In 1850, it was 1,303. In 
1853, the township contained thirteen school districts, 
and an aggregate of 548 youth between the ages of five 
and twenty-one years. In 1857, the aggregate of such 
youth was 547. 

SUCCESSIVE JUSTICES OF THE PEACE. 

1815. Cruger White and Isaac Griswold, elected. 
1818. Timothy Lee and Reuben Carpenter, in place of 

Wright and Griswold. 
1821. Lee and Carpenter, both reelected. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 237 

1824. Gideon W. Hart and Robert Jameson, to succeed 
Lee and Carpenter. 

1826. Abram Phelps, in place of Jameson, resigned. 

1827. G. W. Hart, reelected, then resigned — Jameson 
also resigned. 

1828. Abram Phelps and G. W. Hart, both reelected. 
1831. Phelps and Hart, both again reelected. 

1834. Hart, reelected, and Cruger Wright, in place of 

Phelps, deceased. 
1837. Welch Richey, in place of Hart, and Jared W. 

Copeland, in place of Wright. 
1840. Easton Sherman, in place of Richey. 
'' Randal R. Arnold, in place of Copeland. 

1843. Easton Sherman, reelected — died same year. 
" Alexander Arrison, in place of Sherman. 

" Jacob B. Connelly, in place of Arnold. 

1844. Number of Justices increased to three, and Ho- 
mer M. Phelps, elected. 

1845. Timothy Lee, in place of Arrison, resigned. 

1846. R. R. Arnold, in place of J. B. Connelly. 

1847. Homer M. Phelps, reelected. 

1848. Timothy Lee, " 

1849. Thomas J. Alexander, in place of Arnold. 

1850. H. M. Phelps, reelected— resigned in 1852. 

1851. Timothy Lee, reelected. 

1852. Wm. II. Grinnell, in place of Phelps, resigned. 



238 HISTORY, ETC. 

1852. Thos. J. Alexander, reelected — resigned in 1853. 

1853. Ezra Munson, in place of Alexander. 

1854. Theron Lee, in place of Timothy Lee — resigned 
same month. 

" Asa Bills, in place of Theron Lee. 

1855. John Knox, in place of Grinnell — resigned 1856. 

1856. Wm. H. Grinnell, in place of Knox, resigned. 
" Ezra Munson, reelected. 

1857. J. L. Westervelt, in place of Bills. 



CHAPTER XXV 



JEFFERSON TOWNSHIP. 



This township was established the 6th of September, 
1816, by its present name and boundaries; it is just 
five miles square, being the first township in the six- 
teenth range, of the United States Military Lands. It 
had originally been part of Liberty Township, and sub- 
sequently part of Plain. Its first settlement commenc- 
ed about the year 1802 or 1803. A large proportion of 
the early settlers were from the State of New Jersey. 
The first, or north-east quarter of the township, was pat- 
ented to Gen. Jonathan Dayton, of that State, in 1800, 
and he had it platted into lots of one hundred acres, 
and sold a number of them in New Jersey to persons 
who had never seen the land. It is said that those thus 
purchasing determined their locations by lot. 

Amongst the early settlers in this township, were 
Daniel Dague, Moses Ogden, Peter Francisco, Wm. 
Headly, Michael Stagg, Abraham Stagg, Jacob Tharp, 



240 HISTORY OF 

Jacob Smith, John H. Smith, and Jonathan Whitehead ; 
and subsequently, Joseph Edgar, John Kelso, Michael 
Neiswanger, Shuah Mann, etc. 

About the year 1811 or '12, Jacob Tharp erected the 
first grist mill on Black Lick Creek, which was afterward 
known as Somerville's mill, and is now owned by Thomas 
Rees. The third, or south-west quarter of the township, 
was held by the heirs of L. Brien until 1850, when it 
was sold and conveyed by them to David Taylor, Esq., 
at ten dollars per acre. In 1853, he laid out a village 
on this land, erected a ware-house, saw mill, etc., and 
named the place Grahamsville, though it is generally 
known as " Taylor's Station." The great body of his 
purchase he sold out in suitable farm lots, at a handsome 
profit. 

The village of Smithville was laid out by Wm. A. 
Smith, in the year 1852. There is a post office at this 
place, called " Black Lick post office." It was estab- 
lished in 1852. Thomas McCollum was the first post- 
master, and continued until 1856, when he was succeed- 
ed by C. S. Morris, Esq.; and in 1857 Morris was suc- 
ceeded by Ezekiel Compton. There is another, and 
older post office in this township, at Headley's Corners, 
called "' Ovid post office." It was established in 1832. 
Dr. Ezekiel Whitehead was the first postmaster. He 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 241 

held the office a few years, and was succeeded by Wil- 
liam Headly, Esq., the present incumbent. 

In 1840, this township contained 1,040 inhabitants. 
In 1850, it contained 1,236. In 1853, the township 
contained eleven school districts, and an aggregate of 
534 youth between the age^ of five and twenty-one 
years. In 1857, the aggregate of such youth was 559. 

SUCCESSIVE JUSTICES OF THE PEACE. 

1817. Jacob Smith and William Dean, elected. 
" Henderson Crabb, " 

1818. John Inks, « 

1820. Jacob Smith, reelected. 

1821. Isaac Painter, in place of Inks. 

1823. Jacob Smith, reelected. 

1824. Andrew Allison, in place of Painter. 

1826. Jacob Smith, reelected. 

1827. Andrew Allison, " 

1828. George Beals, in place of Allison, who removed. 

1829. Abraham Stagg, in place of Smith. 

1831. George Beals, reelected. 

1832. Michael Neiswender, in place of Stagg. 

1834. George Beals, reelected. 

1835. Isaac Painter, in place of Beals, deceased, and 
Neiswender, reelected. 

16 



242 HISTORY, ETC. 

1838. Peter Mills and Jacob Smith, jr. 

1841. Jacob Smith, jr., reelected, and Shuah Mann. 

1844. Shuah Mann, reelected, and John Painter. 

1847. Mann and Painter, both reelected. 

1850. " 

1853. « 

1854. Charles L. Morris, in place of Painter, resigned. 

1856. Shuah Mann, reelected. 

1857. Wm. S. Armsted, in place of Morris, removed. 



CHAPTER XXVI. 



NORWICH TOWNSHIP. 



This township was laid out and organized by its 
present name in 1813 ; but it then extended across the 
river, including what is now the south end of Perry. 
In the original division of the county into townships 
in 1803, what is now Norwich constituted a part of 
Franklin Township ; and when Washington was set off 
and established in 1809, it then constituted a part of 
that township, and so remained until 1813. There 
never was any village in this township until after the 
Columbus, Piqua and Indiana Railroad was estalished, 
and then the village of Hilliard was laid out in the fall 
of 1853, by John R. Hilliard. The place is generally 
known as " Hilliard's Station." It is quite a small 
village of probably a dozen families, two grocery stores, 
and a post office. The first post office in this township 
was established in the spring of 1852, at Smiley 's 



244 HISTORY OF 

Corners — David Smiley, Esq., postmaster. In 1854, 
it was discontinued and an office established at Hilliard, 
and Thomas W. Dobyns, Esq., the present incumbent, 
appointed postmaster. 

There is one grist mill and several saw mills in this 
township. The grist mill is on the Scioto, erected by 
Joseph Corban some twelve or fifteen years since. A 
saw mill at the same place had been erected by Samuel 
Wilcox, some years before. These are now known as 
K Howard's mills." There is a steam saw mill at Hil- 
liard, and one or two others in the township. 

Amongst the oldest residents of the township at this 
time are Benjamin Britton and family, Wm. Armsted 
and family, Asa Davis, Asa Wilcox, John and Moses 
Hart, David Thomas, and some years after came Daniel 
Buck, Ezekiel Lattimer, David Smiley, Daniel D. Lat- 
timer and others. 

The leading religious denominations in this township 
are Methodists and United Brethren. The Methodists 
have a church building called " Wesley Chapel," near 
the residence of David Smiley, Esq., and some two or 
three other preaching places in school houses. The 
United Brethren hold their meetings at Carter's school 
house. 

In 1840, the population of this township was 731. 
In 1850, it was 1053. In 1853, it was divided into ten 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 245 

school districts, and contained an aggregate of 460 
youth between the ages of five and twenty-one years. 
In 1857, the aggregate of such youth was 491. 

SUCCESSIVE JUSTICES OF THE PEACE* 

1813. Daniel Brunk, elected. 

1814. Thomas Backus and Ebenezer Richards, elected. 

1816. Daniel Brunk, reelected, and Robert Elliot, 
elected. 

1817. Amaziah Hutchinson, elected. 

1819. Daniel Brunk and Robert Elliot, both reelected. 

1822. D. Brunk, reelected, and John McCan, in place 
of Elliot, declined. 

1825. L. L. Lattimer, in place of Brunk, and John 
McCan, reelected. 

1828. John Weeden and George Black, to succeed Lat- 
timer and McCan. 

1830. David Smiley, in place of Black, deceased. 

1831. Miner Pickle, in place of Weeden. 

1833. Miskell Saunders, in place of Smiley. 

1834. Henry McCracken, in place of Pickle. 

1836. Miskell Saunders, reelected. 

1837. Henry McCracken, " 



* When this township extended over the river — until 1820, there 
were three Justices; after 1820, there were but two, until 1851, when 
the number was a^ain increased to three. 



246 HISTORY, ETC. 

1839. Miskell Saunders, reelected. 

1840. Benjamin Scofield, in place of McCracken. 

1842. Miskell Sanders, reelected. 

1843. Benjamin Scofield, " 

1845. Miskell Saunders, " 

1846. Benjamin Scofield, " 

1848. Miskell Saunders,* " 

" John T. Britton, in place of Saunders, deceased. 

1849. Benjamin Scofield, reelected. 

1851. John T. Britton, " 

" Henry McCracken, elected, additional. 

1852. Benjamin Scofield, reelected. 

" John Caldwell, in place of McCracken, removed 
to the west. 

1854. John T. Britton, reelected. 

1855. James H. Ralston, in place of Scofield. 
" John Caldwell, reelected. 

1856. Thomas W. Dobyns, in place of Ralston, removed. 

1857. John T. Britton, reelected. 



* 'Squire Saunders died Oct. 16, 1848, in the 58th year of his age. 
On his tomb stone is this rather singular inscription : "He died a 
Christian and a Democrat." 



CHAPTER XXVII. 

JACKSON TOWNSHIP. 

This township was set off and organized by its 
present name and boundaries in 1815. It had origi- 
nally been part of Franklin Township. Amongst the 
early settlers in this township were William Brown, 
Nicholas Haun, Jonas Orders, William Badger, Woolry 
Conrod, William Sinnet, the Brackenridges, the Borers, 
the Straders and the Goldsmiths. 

Until of late years, this township suffered much 
inconvenience from the want of direct and good roads 
to market ; but since the construction of the Harrisburg 
turnpike, the Franklin turnpike and the Cottage Mill 
turnpike, all passing through this township, that incon- 
venience has been removed, and the township is increas- 
ing in population as fast as any other in the county. 

There was no village nor post office in the township 
until Grove City was laid out in the summer of 1852, 



248 HISTORY OF 

by W. F. Breck, Esq., and a post office was then estab- 
lished at that place. Mr. Breck was the first post- 
master, and held the office until 1857, when he was 
succeeded by Randolph Higgy, Esq., the present 
incumbent. 

Grove City now contains about thirty families, two 
stores, one tavern, one physician, a large school and 
three churches — a Lutheran, a German Reformed and a 
Presbyterian. The Methodists also hold their meetings 
in the same house as the Presbyterians. Beside these 
churches there are in the township three others of the 
Methodist denomination — the "Hopewell," on the Jack- 
son turnpike, a wooden building, erected in 1839, the 
" Concord," a wooden building, erected some years before, 
hear the Shadesville pike, and "Hickory Seminary," 
erected since both the above, for the double purpose of 
church and school house. 

Some thirty years ago, Rev. Benjamin Britton of 
Norwich Township used to occasionally preach for 
the New-Lights in Jackson, and Rev. Chandler Rogers 
of Perry for the Universal ists. Mr. Rogers has been 
dead some years ; Mr. Britton still survives. 

There is no grist mill in this township, but several 
saw mills. 

The population of the township in 1840, was 784. 
In 1850, it was 1550 — almost doubled in ten years. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 249 

In 1853, the township constituted twelve school districts 
and an aggregate of 676 youth between the ages of 
five and twenty-one years. In 1857, the aggregate of 
such youth was 736. 

SUCCESSIVE JUSTICES OF THE PEACE. 

1815. Wm. Brown and Wm. Badger, elected. 

1818. Brown and Badger, both reelected. 

1821. Woolry Conrod and William C. Duff, to succeed 

Brown and Badger. 
1824. Conrod and Duff, both reelected. 
1827. Woolry Conrocl, reelected, and William Brown, 

again, in place of Duff, deceased. 
1830. Woolry Conrod, reelected, and William Seeds, in 

place of Brown, deceased. 
1833. Jacob B. Deimer, in place of Conrod, declined, 

and Wm. Seeds reelected. 
1836. Woolry Conrod and John Gantz, in place of 

Deimer and Seeds. 

1839. John Gantz and Joshua Glanville. 

1840. Robert Seeds, in place of Glanville, removed. 

1842. John Dunn, in place of Gantz. 

1843. Robert Seeds, reelected. 

1845. John Dunn, " 

1846. Robert Seeds, « 



250 HISTORY, ETC. 

1848. John Dunn, reelected. 

1849. Robert Seeds, " 
1851. John Dunn, " 

" Isaac Miller, in place of Seeds. 
1854. H. S. Mitchel and Isaac White. 
1857. E. C. Brett, in place of White, and Mitchel re- 
elected. 



CHAPTER XXVIII. 

PRAIRIE TOWNSHIP. 

This township was set off and organized by its present 
name in 1819, though its bounds then extended farther 
north, including a considerable part of what is now 
Brown. It had originally been part of Franklin. 
Amongst the early settlers in this township, were Sam- 
uel Higgins and family, Shadrick Postle and family, and 
William Mannon and family. 

In 1813, the Clover family, originally from Virginia, 
but then from Ross County, Ohio, removed into Prairie 
Township, and formed a settlement that it is still known 
as the ft Clover Settlement." The family, beside the two 
old people, consisted of ten brothers — Peter, Joshua, 
Jacob, Solomon, Henry, Samuel, Philip, John, William 
and Aaron — and two sisters. Solomon and Samuel were 
the brag hunters of the neighborhood. Solomon was 
fond of hunting ; and, it was said, killed more wolves, 
bear and deer, than any of his competitors in that line. 



252 HISTORY OF 

Wolf scalps then bore a premium. He still lives in the 
neighborhood, and is fond of his gun and the chase. 
He occasionally takes a hunting excursion, in the fall of 
the year, up in Wood County. 

There are three Methodist Churches in this township: 
one at Alton, one in Clovers' Settlement, and one in the 
south part of the township, known as the Henderson 
Church — all frame buildings, and each one has a bury- 
ing ground contiguous to it. And there is a German 
Lutheran Church about two miles north of Rome — a 
hewed log building, erected some fifteen or eighteen 
years since, and answering for both church and school 
house, and in which a respectable German school is 
taught. They also have a burying ground contiguous 
to the church. 

After the construction of the National Road, in the 
spring of 1836, the town of Alton was laid out by 
Thomas Graham, and a post office was established there. 
The successive postmasters have been : John Graham, 
first ; Mervin Stearwalt, second ; David P. Cole, third ; 
Solomon Putman, fourth ; Goodhue McGill, fifth ; and 
A. W. Shearer, sixth and present. 

About the same time that Alton was laid out, James 
Bryden and Adam Brotherlin laid out lots for a town on 
the pike, two or three miles east of Alton, which they 
named " Rome." The two villages, so near together, 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 253 

could not both thrive. Alton took the lead, and Rome 
never contained more than about a dozen families. 

Previous to this, in 1832, Job Postle laid out some 
lots for a town, and had his plat recorded, etc., which 
he named " Lafayetteville." It however never was any 
thing more than a town upon paper. 

In 1840, the population of this township was 606. 
In 1850, it was 1,043. In 1853, the township consti- 
tuted seven school districts, and contained an aggregate 
of 411 youth between the ages of five and twenty-one 
years. In 1857, the aggregate of such youth was 451. 

SUCCESSIVE JUSTICES OF THE PEACE. 

1820. Peter Clover and Francis Downing, elected. 
1823. Peter Clover, reelected, and James Boyd, in place 

of Downing. 
1826. Israel P. Brown and Wm. Stiarwalt, in place of 

Clover and Boyd. 
1829. Peter Clover, again, in place of Brown, and Wm. 

Stiarwalt, reelected. 
1832. George Richey, in place of Clover, and Stiarwalt, 

reelected — and same year, John G. Neffj in place 

of Richey resigned. 
1835. Wm. Stiarwalt, reelected, and Russell N. Grin- 

nold, in place of Neff. 



254 HISTORY, ETC. 

1837. Reuben Golliday, in place of Grinnold. deceased. 

1839. Thomas O'Harra, in place of Stiarwalt. 
" David Howard, in place of Golliday, removed 
from the township. 

1842. Thos. O'Harra and David Howard, both reelected. 

1845. Howard, reelected, and Thomas .J. Moorman in 
place of O'Harra. 

1848. Thos. O'Harra and John Gantz, in place of How- 
ard and Moorman. 

1851. David P. Cole, in place of Gantz, and Samuel 
Kell, in place of O'Harra. 

1854. Thos. O'Harra, again, and Samuel Kell, reelected. 

1857. Samuel Kell, reelected, and Andrew W. Shearer. 
" Smith Postle, elected a third or additional Justice. 



CHAPTER XXIX. 

PERRY TOWNSHIP. 

Perry Township is composed of two fractional orig- 
inal surveyed townships, bounding on the Scioto, range 
nineteen. It is ten miles in length, north and south, 
and from one to three miles in width, varying with the 
meanders of the river. It was originally a part of Lib- 
erty Township ; afterward a part of Washington ; then 
a part of it w T as attached to Norwich ; and in 1820, it 
was set off and organized by its present name and boun- 
daries. There is no village nor post office in this town- 
ship. Part of the township receive their mail matter at 
the Dublin post office ; part at Worthington, and part at 
Columbus. Some years since, Mr. Simon Shattuck, who 
lives near the middle of the township, having disposed 
of part of his farm in small lots, it brought some half 
dozen families in close proximity, and the place has 
since generally been known as " Shattucksburg," though 
it was never laid out nor intended for a town. 



256 HISTORY OF 

About the years 1813 and '14, Thomas Backus (father 
of the late Elijah Backus) erected mills on the Scioto, 
which for some years bore his name ; then for many 
years known as McCoy's mills, and more latterly as 
Matere's mills, and Marble Cliff mills. Between forty 
and fifty years, these mills have been a constant benefit 
to the neighborhood, and reasonably productive to the 
proprietors. Not far below the mills, in a cliff of rocks, 
were the noted rattlesnake dens, which were a terror to 
the neighborhood, and particularly to the mill boys ; 
and about which many large " snake stories " have been 
related. These dens were openings in the rocky cliff; 
one was large enough to admit a person to walk into 
the cavern, which has never been fully explored. The 
snakes have of late years entirely disappeared. 

In the north part of this township are the Kosciusko 
lands. In 1800, a patent was issued by the United 
States Government to Thaddeus Kosciusko for 500 acres 
of land in this township, on account of his services in the 
Revolutionary War. He attempted to transfer these 
lands by an assignment on the back of the patent, like 
the assignment of a note or bond. They were after- 
ward claimed by a distant heir. After the conclusion 
of peace in America, Kosciusko returned to Poland, his 
native country, which, not long after, became involved 
in war with Russia. Kosciusko was appointed com- 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 257 

mander in chief of the Polish army, which was defeated, 
and he was severely wounded, and carried captive to St. 
Petersburg ; but was finally released, and he returned 
to France, where he lived in retirement until he died, 
in October, 1817. General Harrison, in delivering his 
eulogy in Congress, on the arrival of the news of his 
death, when speaking of his defeat and fall, uses the 
following beautiful and highly complimental couplet : 

" Hope, for a season, bade the world farewell, 
And freedom shrieked when Kosciusko fell." 

There are in this township four churches : The Union 
Church, owned by the German Reform and the Episco- 
palians, near the farm of Mr. John Legg, a painted 
frame, erected about the year 1852 ; a Methodist stone 
church, on the Medary farm, erected about the year 
1847 ; a Methodist brick church, on the farm of Mr. 
Jacob Wright, erected about the year 1844 ; and a 
neat white painted frame Methodist Church, near 'Squire 
Brown's, erected in 1849 — ground donated by Mr. Den- 
nis Fares. They also have a town or township house, 
on the farm of Mr. Joseph Henderson, near the center 
of the township, erected about the year 1854, in which 
to hold elections and transact township business. 

In 1840, the population of this township was 1,037. 
In 1850, it was 1,159. In 1853, the township contained 

17 



258 HISTORY OF 

twelve school districts, and an aggregate of 520 youth 
between the ages of five and twenty-one years. In 
1857, it contained, according to the returas, an aggre- 
gate of 496 such youth. 

SUCCESSIVE JUSTICES OF THE PEACE. 

1820. Asaph Allen, elected. 

1821. Chandler Rogers and Uriah Clark, elected. 

1822. Robert Boyd, elected. 

1824. Chandler Rogers, reelected. 

1825. Amaziah Hutchison and Sam'l S. Davis, in place 
of Clark and Boyd. 

1827. Chandler Rogers, reelected. 

1828. Amaziah Hutchison, reelected, and Daniel Beard, 
in place of Davis. 

1830. Jacob Leaf, in place of Rogers. 

1831. Amaziah Hutchsion, reelected, and Samuel S. 
Davis, in place of Beard. 

1832. Richard Gale, jr., in place of Hutchison, who neg- 
lected to qualify. 

1833. John Hutchison, in place of Leaf. 

1834. Samuel S. Davis reelected. 

1835. Chandler Rogers, in place of Gale. 

1836. Amaziah Hutchison, elected. 

1837. Daniel Beard, in place of Davis. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 259 

1838. Wm. Mitchel, elected. 
" C. Rogers, reelected. 

1839. Allen Bowers, elected. 

1841. C. Rogers and John Swisher, elected. 

1842. William Mitchel and Allen Bowers, reelected. 

1844. C. Rogers and John Swisher, both reelected. 

1845. William Mitchel reelected. 

1846. Jacob Poppaw, in place of Mitchel, removed. 

1847. John Swisher and David Rogers, elected. 

1849. Jacob Poppaw, reelected. 

1850. John Swisher and David Rogers, reelected. 

1852. Jacob Poppaw, reelected. 

1853. John Swisher and David Rogers, reelected. 

1855. Barzillia Billingsly in place of Poppaw. 

1856. John Swisher and David Rogers, reelected. 
1858. Isaac Davidson, elected in place of Billingsly. 



CHAPTER XXX. 



BROWN TOWNSHIP. 



This eighteenth and last township of the county was 
set off and organized in the spring of 1830, by its 
present boundaries. It was taken from Norwich, Prai- 
rie and Washington, and had originally been part of 
Franklin Township. A few improvements were made 
along Darby Creek about 1808 or '10. 

Amongst the first settlers were James Boyd, John 
Hayden, John Patterson and Mr. Rinier. Though there 
were but few settlers back from the creek until from 
1825 to 1830, when the Welch commenced settling in 
this township, and it has of late years been filling up 
fast, and bids fair to make a rich and flourishing town- 
ship. 

There is as yet, however, no grist mill in the town- 
ship. There have been two saw mills, one erected on 
Darby Creek by Isaac Hayden in 1837; the other a 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 261 

steam power mill, erected when the Urbana Railroad 
was being made. But they have both gone down. 

There is no town or village in this township, but there 
was a post office established in it in July, 1848, and 
named " Darby post office." Joseph O'Harra, Esq., 
the present incumbent, was appointed the first post- 
master. 

About the year 1847 or '48, an association of colored 
people having purchased a tract of land in this town- 
ship, with a view of establishing a seminary for the 
education of colored children, erected their building for 
that purpose, and opened their school, which has gen- 
erally been kept in operation since. There are some 
four or five families of blacks residing there, and they 
generally have a few pupils from a distance. 

There is but one church building in the township, 
and it belongs to the Methodist denomination. Re- 
ligious meetings, however, are held occasionally by the 
Presbyterians and Baptists, and also by the Methodists, 
in the school houses. 

In 1840, the population of this township was 425. 
In 1850, it was 681. In 1853, it comprised six school 
districts, and an aggregate of 310 youth between the 
ages of five and twenty-one years. In 1857, the 
aggregate of such youth was 334. 



262 HISTORY, ETC. 

SUCCESSIVE JUSTICES OF THE PEACE. 

1831. Jacob S. Rogers and James Langton, elected. 
1834. Rogers, reelected, and John D. Acton in place of 

Langton. 
1837. Rogers, reelected, and Paul Alder, in place of 

Acton. 

1839. Joseph O'Harra, in place of Alder, removed. 

1840. Jacob S. Rogers, reelected. 

1842. John D. Acton, in place of O'Harra. 

1843. Rogers, reelected. 

1845. Wm. Walker, in place of Acton. 

1846. Rogers, reelected. 

1848. Henry Francis, in place of Walker. 

1849. James Hugget, in place of Rogers, removed to 
the west. 

1851. Chauncy Beach, in place of Francis. 

1852. N. E. Fares, in place of Hugget. 

1854. John Kilgore, in place of Beach. 

1855. N. E. Fares, reelected. 

1856. George M. Clover, in place of Fares, resigned. 

1857. John Kilgore, reelected. 



CHAPTER XXXI. 

COLUMBUS. 

From the laying out of the Town in 1812, till the close of the Pro- 
prietors' Settlement in 1817 — Embracing their Proposals — The 
Law Establishing the Seat of Government — The sale of Lots — 
First Settlers — 'Squire Shields — First Lawyers — First Taverns, 
etc., etc. 

From the first organization of the State government 
in 1803, until 1816, there was no permanent seat of 
State government. The sessions of the Legislature 
were held at Chillicothe until 1810, and the sessions of 
1810-11, and 1811-12, were held at Zanesville, and 
from thence they were removed back to Chillicothe, and 
there remained until December, 1816, when the first 
session commenced in Columbus. 

In February, 1810, the Legislature, desirous to estab- 
lish a more central and permanent seat of government for 
the State, by joint resolution appointed five commission- 
ers, namely James Findlay, W. Silliman, Joseph Darlin- 
ton, Reisin Beall and Wm. McFarland, to meet in Frank- 
linton on the first day of September, then following, to 
examine and select the most eligible site for the estab- 



264 HISTORY OF 

lishment of the permanent seat of government for the 
State. On December 11th, 1810, the commissioners 
made their report and say, " That they have diligently 
examined a number of different places within the circle 
prescribed, and the majority of said commissioners are 
of opinion that a tract of land, owned by John and 
Peter Sells, situated on the west bank of the Scioto 
River, four miles and three quarters west of the town 
of Worthington, in the county of Franklin, and on 
which said Sells now resides, appears to them the most 
eligible."* Dated at Newark, the 12th of September, 
1810, and signed by all the commissioners. 

No further definite action, however, was had on the 
subject until February, 1812, when the law was passed 
establishing it at Columbus. Various proposals were 
received, offering inducements for its establishment at 
different points, and amongst the rest were the pro- 
posals of Lyne Starling, James Johnston, Alexander 
McLaughlin and John Kerr, for establishing it on the 
a high bank of the Scioto River, opposite Franklinton," 
which site was principally a native forest. Franklinton 
was then at its apex, and a town of considerably more 
consequence than it now is, and was one of the sites 
proposed ; but the plan upon which it was laid out, and 

*On this site the town of Dublin was afterward laid out. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 265 

more particularly its low situation, were considered suf- 
ficient objections to its adoption. Worthington and 
Delaware were also among the sites proposed. 

The following is a copy of the original proposals of 
the proprietors of Columbus : 

" To the Honorable the Legislature of the State of 
Ohio : We, the subscribers, do offer the following as 
our proposals, provided the Legislature at their present 
session shall fix and establish the permanent seat of 
government on the bank of the Scioto River nearly 
opposite Franklinton, on half sections number twenty- 
five and twenty-six, and part of half sections number 
ten and eleven, all in township five, range twenty-two 
of the Refugee Lands, and commence their sessions 
there on the first Monday of December, 1817 : 

" 1st. To lay out a town on the lands aforesaid, on 
or before the first of July next, agreeably to the plan 
presented by us to the Legislature. 

" 2d. To convey to the State by general warranty 
deed, in fee simple, such square of said town of the 
contents of ten acres or near it, for the public buildings, 
and such lot of ten acres, for the Penitentiary and 
dependencies, as a Director or such person or persons as 
the Legislature shall appoint, may direct. 

" 3d. To erect and complete a State House, offices 



266 HISTORY OF 

and Penitentiary, and such other buildings as shall be 
directed by the Legislature to be built, of stone and 
brick, or of either — the work to be done in a work- 
manlike manner, and of such size and dimensions as the 
Legislature shall think fit; the Penitentiary and de- 
pendencies to be completed on or before first of January, 
1815, and the State House and offices on or before the 
first Monday of December, 1817. 

" When the buildings shall be completed the Legisla- 
ture and us, reciprocally, shall appoint workmen to 
examine and value the whole buildings, which valuation 
shall be binding ; and if it does not amount to fifty 
thousand dollars, we shall make up such deficiency in 
such further- buildings as shall be directed by law ; but 
if it exceeds the sum of fifty thousand dollars, the 
Legislature will by law remunerate us in such way as 
they may think just and equitable. 

" The Legislature may, by themselves or agent, alter 
the width of the streets and alleys of said town, pre- 
vious to its being laid out by us, if they may think 

proper to do so. 

"LYNE STARLING, [seal] 

"JOHN KERR, [seal.] 

" alex. Mclaughlin, [seal.] 

" JAMES JOHNSTON. [seal.] 
" Attest, 

" Wilson Elliot, 
" Isaac Hazlett." 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 267 

The above was accompanied by their bond for the 
faithful performance of their undertaking. 

Although it was the avowed object of the Legislature 
to establish a permanent seat of government, yet when 
the time came to act conclusively on the subject, there 
was a misgiving amongst them, and it became pretty 
manifest that the bill for the acceptance of the fore- 
going proposals, would not pass without a limitation 
clause in it, and it being now just at the close of the 
session, rather than to have it defeated, or to lie over, 
the proprietors made their second proposition, of which 
the following is a copy : 

" To the Honorable the Legislature of Ohio : We, 
the subscribers, do agree to comply with the terms of 
our bond now in possession of the Senate of the State 
aforesaid, in case they will fix the seat of govermnent 
of this State on the lands designated in our proposals, 
on the east bank of the Scioto River, nearly opposite 
to Franklinton, and commence their sessions there at or 
before the first Monday of December, 1817, and con- 
tinue the same in the town to be laid off by us until 
the year 1840. These conditional proposals are offered 
for the acceptance of the Legislature of Ohio, provided 



268 HISTORY OF 

they may be considered more eligible than those pre- 
viously put in. 

"JOHN KERR, [seal.] 

" JAMES JOHNSTON, [seal.] 

"A. Mclaughlin, [seal.] 

" LYNE STARLING, [seal.] 
" Attest, 

" William Elliot. 
"February 11th, 1812." 

This proposition seemed to satisfy the opposition, and 
the bill was amended by adding the latter clause to the 
end of the second section, and then passed. 

This last proposition was at some time lost from the 
file of papers in the State Treasurer's office, and that 
fact was possibly the means of saving the seat of 
government at Columbus. From the time of the repeal 
of the law for the erection of a new State House, in 
1840, the subject of the removal of the seat of govern- 
ment from Columbus became agitated, and at the 
session of 1842-43, a committee of the Legislature 
was appointed on that subject, who being divided in 
opinion or feeling, made a majority and a minority re- 
port. The majority assumed as a first ground that it had 
been permanently established at Columbus by the act of 
February 14th, 1812, accepting the proposals of the 
proprietors of the town ; and then referring to the con- 
ditions of the first proposals, insisted that it could not 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 269 

be removed without a violation of the faith of the State. 
The arguments of the two reports are principally con- 
fined to that proposition — the second proposal not 
being known of, apparently, by either party. And the 
compiler of the " Brief History of Columbus," prefixed 
to Mr. J. R. Armstrong's Columbus Directory, published 
in 1843, while the subject of removal was still in agita- 
tion, was, as a citizen of Columbus, perhaps excusable in 
giving the proprietors' first proposals, whilst he sup- 
pressed the second, which would have upset all the fine 
arguments in favor the permanent location. 

The law referred to, accepting the proposals of the 
proprietors, and establishing the seat of government, 
was passed the 14th of February, 1812, and reads as 
follows : 

"Sec. 1. That the proposals made to this Legislature 
by Alexander McLaughlin, John Kerr, Lyne Starling 
and James Johnston, to lay out a town on their lands, 
situate on the east bank of the Scioto River, opposite 
Franklinton, in the County of Franklin, on parts of half 
sections numbers nine, ten, eleven, twenty-five and 
twenty-six, for the purpose of having the permanent 
seat of government thereon established ; also to convey 
to the State a square of ten acres and a lot of ten acres, 
to erect a State House and offices, and a Penitentiary, 



270 HISTORY OF 

as shall be directed by the Legislature, are hereby ac- 
cepted, and the same, and their penal bond annexed 
thereto, dated the 10th of February, 1812, conditioned 
for the faithful performance of said proposals, shall be 
valid to all intents and purposes, and shall remain in the 
office of the Treasurer of State, there to be kept for the 
use of the State. 

" Sec. 2. That the seat of government of this State, 
be and the same is hereby fixed and permanently estab- 
lished on the lands aforesaid ; and the Legislature shall 
commence their sessions thereat on the first Monday of 
December, 1817, and there continue until the first day of 
May, 1840, and from thence until otherwise provided for by 
laiv. 

" Sec. 3. That there shall be appointed by joint res- 
olution of this General Assembly, a Director, who shall, 
within thirty days after his appointment, take and sub- 
scribe an oath faithfully and impartially to discharge 
the duties enjoined on him by law, and shall hold his 
office to the end of the session of the next Legislature : 
Provided, that in case the office of the Director afore- 
said, shall, by death, resignation or in any wise, become 
vacant during the recess of the Legislature, the Gov- 
ernor shall fill such vacancy. 

" Sec 4. That the aforesaid Director shall view and 
examine the lands above mentioned, and superintend 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 271 

the surveying and laying out of the town aforesaid, and 
direct the width of the streets and alleys therein ; also 
to select the square for public buildings, and the lot for 
the Penitentiary and dependencies, according to the 
proposals aforesaid ; and he shall make a report thereof 
to the next Legislature ; he shall, moreover, perform 
such other duties as will be required of him by law. 

" Sec. 5. That said McLaughlin, Kerr, Starling and 
Johnston, shall, on or before the first day of July next 
ensuing, at their own expense, cause the town aforesaid 
to be laid out, and a plat of the same recorded in the 
Recorder's office of Franklin County, distinguishing 
therein the square and the lot to be by them conveyed 
to this State ; and they shall, moreover, transmit a cer- 
tified copy thereof to the next Legislature, for their 
inspection. 

" Sec. 6. That from and after the first day of May 
next, Chillicothe shall be the temporary seat of govern- 
ment, until otherwise provided by law." 

And by an act amendatory to the above act, passed 
February 17, 1816, it was enacted : 

" That from and after the second Tuesday of October 
next, the seat of government of this State shall be es- 
tablished at the town of Columbus, and there continue, 
agreeably to the provisions of the second section of the 



272 HISTORY OF 

act entitled " An act fixing and establishing the perma- 
nent and temporary seats of government," passed Feb. 
14, 1812. 

" That the Auditor, Treasurer and Secretary of State, 
shall, in the month of October next, remove, or cause to 
be removed, the books, maps and papers in their re- 
spective offices, to the offices prepared and designated 
for them severally, in the town of Columbus ; and the 
Treasurer shall also remove any public money which 
may be in his office ; and the said public officers shall 
there attend and keep their offices respectively, from 
and after that time, any law to the contrary notwith- 
standing." 

On the 19th of February, 1812, at Zanesville, the 
proprietors, Starling, Johnston, McLaughlin and Kerr, 
signed and acknowledged their articles of association, 
as partners, under the law for laying out, etc., the town 
of Columbus. In this instrument, it was stipulated that 
a common stock was to be created, for the benefit of the 
firm ; that Starling was to put into said stock half sec- 
tion number twenty-five, except ten acres previously 
sold to John Brickell ; Johnston was to put in half sec- 
tion number nine, and half of half section number ten ; 
and McLaughlin and Kerr (who had previously been 
partners, and were jointly considered as one or a third 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 273 

party to this agreement,) were to put in half section 
number twenty-six ; on which they were to lay out the 
town, agreeably to their proposals to the Legislature, — 
the proceeds of the sales to remain in common stock, 
until they should complete their contract with the 
State. 

They were to have a common agent, to make sales 
and superintend their whole business. Each party was 
to pay into the hands of this agent the sum of $2,400 
annually, on the first Monday of January, for five suc- 
cessive years, -and such further sums as might be neces- 
sary to complete the public buildings. Each party was 
to warrant the title to the land by such party re- 
spectively put into the stock, and each to receive a 
mutual benefit in all donations they might obtain on 
subscription or otherwise. And when they should have 
completed their contract with the State, and be released 
from all obligations on account thereof, a final settlement 
and adjustment of their accounts was to take place, and 
the profits or losses to be equally divided between 
them. 

John Kerr was appointed the first agent for the pro- 
prietors, in April, 1812, and continued as such until 
June, 1815, when he declined serving any longer, and 
Henry Brown was appointed, and continued their agent 
until the close of their business, in the spring of 1817. 
18 



274 HISTORY OF 

The agreement of the proprietors having been faith- 
fully abided by, and their undertaking completed, was 
finally canceled in April, 1817, when a division of the 
unsold property, and of obligations for lots sold, etc., 
took place, and each party released the other from all 
the obligations of their articles of association, and also 
released and quit-claimed to each other all the remaining 
parts of their several tracts of land originally put into 
the common fund, that remained unsold. 

The amount of the donations obtained on subscrip- 
tions, is variously stated at from fifteen to twenty thou- 
sand dollars. And, pursuant to an agreement with Rev. 
James Hoge, now known as Doctor Hoge, he deeded to 
the proprietors eighty acres of land off the south end of 
half section number eleven, in order to enable them to 
complete the plat to the size and form desired. Of the 
lots laid out on this grant, the proprietors retained one- 
half, and deeded the balance back to the Doctor. And, 
pursuant to a similar contract with Thomas Allen, and 
for the same purpose, he deeded to the proprietors 
twenty acres out of the south-west part of half section 
number ten, they deeding back his portion of the lots, 
and retaining the balance as a donation. 

Thus the town plat, including out-lots and reserves, 
(which reserves have many years since been laid out 
into additions of in-lots,) covered the whole of half sec- 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 275 

tions numbers twenty-five and twenty-six, and parts of 
half sections ten and eleven. 

McLaughlin and Kerr's half section (number twenty- 
six) was the southern part of the original town plat, 
bounded on the south by South Public Lane, (the east- 
ern part of which is sometimes called the " Livingston 
Road,") and on the north by a parallel (east and west) 
line, commencing at the river a little south of State 
street, and crossing High street at the north-east corner 
of Dr. Goodale's brick block, and crossing Town street 
at an acute angle between Third and Fourth streets, 
including all between those two lines, from the river to 
the eastern boundary of the out-lots. Starling's half 
section (number twenty-five) also extended from the 
river to the eastern boundary of out-lots, and included 
all between the north line of McLaughlin and Kerr's 
half section, above described, and a parallel line from a 
short distance in front of the penitentiary, due east, 
crossing High street between Long street and Mulberry 
alley, and intersecting Broad street at the eastern ex- 
tremity of the out-lots. Although half section number 
nine was put into the common fund by Johnston, no 
part of the town plat was laid out on it. It lies between 
the penitentiary grounds and Olentangy Creek. The 
east half of half section ten, put into the fund by him, 
and on the south end of which lots were laid out, buts 



276 HISTORY OF 

on the north line of Starling's half section, (number 
twenty-five,) from Water street to Center alley, bounded 
east and west by due north and south lines, cutting the 
lots obliquely. The part conveyed to the proprietors 
by Allen, also buts on Starling's north line, immediately 
west of Johnston's, just described, and the part convey- 
ed to them by Dr. Hoge, also buts on Starling's north 
line, immediately east of Johnston's land. 

The contract being closed between the proprietors 
and the State, and all the preliminaries now arranged, 
in the spring of 1812, the town was laid out, under the 
direction of Joel Wright, Esq., of Warren County, an 
agent of the State, appointed for that purpose, and Jo- 
seph Vance, of Franklin County, as assistant. 

The streets all cross at right angles ; those running 
northward, bear twelve degrees west of north, and con- 
sequently those running eastward, twelve degrees 
north of east. High street is one hundred feet wide ; 
Broad street is one hundred and twenty feet, and all 
the others eighty-two and a half feet wide ; and the 
alleys generally thirty-three feet in width. The in-lots 
are sixty-two and a half feet front, and one hundred and 
eighty-seven and a half feet deep. The out-lots on the 
east, contain about three acres each. 

Some time after the laying out of the main town and 
the eastern out-lots, the proprietors laid out some forty 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 277 

or more out-lots, north of the town, which are represent- 
ed on the record by a separate plat. These contain a 
trifle over two acres each, and from part of these lots 
they conveyed to the town an acre and a half for a 
graveyard. 

The time and terms of sale being agreed upon, the 
same was advertised far and near, and in a way calcula- 
ted to attract bidders from a distance. The following 
is a copy of the advertisement : 

"FOR SALE, 

st On the premises, commencing on Thursday, the 18th 
day of June next, and to continue for three days, in 
and out-lots in the town of Columbus, established by an 
act of the Legislature, as the permanent seat of gov- 
ernment for the State of Ohio. 

" Terms of Sale. — One fifth of the purchase money 
will be required in hand ; the residue to be paid in four 
equal annual installments. Interest will be required on 
the deferred payments from the day of sale, if they are 
not punctually made when due. Eight per cent, will be 
discounted for prompt payment on the day of sale. The 
town of Columbus is situated on an elevated and beau- 
tiful site, on the east side of the Scioto River, immedi- 
ately below the junction of the Whetstone branch, and 



278 HISTORY OF 

opposite to Franklinton, the seat of justice for Franklin 
County, in the center of an extensive tract of rich and 
fertile country, from whence there is an easy navigation 
to the Ohio River. Above the town, the west branch 
of the Scioto affords a good navigation for about eighty 
miles, and the Whetstone branch as for as the town of 
Worthington. Sandusky Bay, the only harbor on the 
south shore of Lake Erie (except Presque Isle) for ves- 
sels of burthen, is situate due north from Columbus, and 
about one hundred miles from it. An excellent road 
may be made with very little expense from the Lower 
Sandusky town to the mouth of the Little Scioto, a dis- 
tance of about sixty miles. This will render the com- 
munication from the Lakes to the Ohio River through 
the Scioto very easy, by which route an immense trade 
must, at a day not very distant, be carried on, which 
will make the country on the Scioto River rich and pop- 
ulous. The proprietors of the town of Columbus will, 
by every means in their power, encourage industrious 
mechanics, who wish to make a residence in the town. 
All such are invited to become purchasers. 

"JAMES JOHNSTON, 

"A. Mclaughlin, 

"LYNE STARLING, 
"JOHN KERR, 

" Proprietors. 
"Franklinton, April 13, 1812." 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 279 

Pursuant to this notice, public sale of the lots com- 
menced on the 18th of June,* 1812, and continued three 
days. The lots sold were principally on High and Broad 
streets, and were generally struck off at from two hun- 
dred to a thousand dollars each. The only cleared land 
then on, or contiguous to, the town plat, was a small spot 
on Front, a little north of State street ; another small 
field and a cabin on the bank of the river, at the western 
terminus of Rich street ; a cabin and garden spot in 
front of where the penitentiary now stands, occupied by 
John Brickell ; and a small field south of the mound, on 
the tract which two years after was laid off by John 
McGowan, as an addition to the original town plat, and 
called " South Columbus." 

Immediately after the sales, improvements commenced 
rapidly, generally small frame houses and shops, enclos- 
ed with split clapboards instead of sawed weatherboards, 
which were not generally attainable. Both proprietors 
and settlers were too much occupied with their own indi- 
vidual and immediate interests, to attend much to the 
clearing off of the streets and alleys ; and for several 
years the streets remained so much impeded by stumps, 
logs and brush, that teamsters were compelled to make 



* The same day that war was declared by the United States against 
Great Britain. 



280 HISTORY OF 

very crooked tracks in winding their way through them. 
Gradually, however, they were cleared by the inhabi- 
tants, for fire wood and building materials, until about 
the year 1815 or '16, a sum of about two hundred dol- 
lars was raised by subscription, and appropriated to the 
removal of the remaining obstructions from High street. 
Soon after the town was incorporated, and the streets 
were gradually improved by authority of the town 
council. 

There are now but two men remaining in Columbus 
who were here at the sale of the lots, in 1812, and pur- 
chased property, and have remained citizens of the place 
ever since, viz : Messrs. Jacob Hare and Peter Putnam, 
and each one still owns the lot he purchased at that 
time, over forty-five years ago. Amongst the first set- 
tlers, however, were George McCormick, George B. Har- 
vey, John Shields, Michael Patton, Alexander Patton, 
William Altman, John Collett, Wm. McElvain, Daniel 
Kooser, Christian Heyl, Jarvis Pike, Benjamin Pike, 
George Pike, Wm. Long, Townsend Nichols, and Dr. 
John M. Edmiston. Dr. Edmiston was the first physi- 
cian to locate in the new town — Doctors Parsons and 
Ball practiced in Columbus, but resided in Franklinton. 
About the year 1815 or '16, Dr. Parsons removed over 
to Columbus, where he resided ever after. 

The first stores opened in Columbus were, one belong- 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 281 

ing to the Worthington Manufacturing Company, and 
kept by Joel Buttles, in a small brick building, on the 
west end of the lot now covered by the Broadway Ex- 
change building; and one belonging to McLene & Green, 
kept in a cabin, on the south side of Rich street, just 
east of where Mechanics' Hall now stands. About where 
Mechanics' Hall stands, in two or three cabins connected 
together, Christian Heyl kept a bakery and house of 
entertainment, where he continued until about the year 
1818, when he erected the front part of the tavern 
building lately known as the "Franklin House," now 
the " Nagle House," where he kept a respectable hotel 
until the spring of 1841. The first tavern, however, 
was kept on the lot where the " Johnston Building " now 
stands. It was commenced about the spring of 1813, 
by Volney Payne, in a two story brick house erected 
by John Collett, for that purpose ; and the house was 
kept successively by Mr. Payne, Collett, John McElvain, 
and Collett again, until about the year 1818, when he 
sold out to Robert Russell, and Mr. Russell kept it a 
number of years, then James Robinson, and then Mr. 
Russell again, until about the year 1844, when the tav- 
ern was discontinued. 

Soon after the tavern was opened at Collett's house, 
Daniel Kooser opened a tavern on Front street, south of 
State, and a Mr. McCollum opened another on Front 



282 HISTORY OF 

north of Broad street, where the * Erin go Bragh 
House " is now kept. In the meantime, various other 
establishments, known as houses of entertainment, had 
sprung up, which were, in reality, little else than drink- 
ing shops, such as in after years were denominated gro- 
ceries. At the north-east corner of High and Rich 
streets was an establishment of the latter kind, kept by 
William Day, about the years 1815 and '16, that was 
famous for company drinking and quarreling; so much 
so that it obtained the appellation of " The War Office;" 
and from thence the cases of combat were generally 
carried to 'Squire Shields, to be " disposed of according 
to law." The 'Squire was rather an eccentric old genius, 
from the Emerald Isle, and disposed of business in 
short order. He was a preacher : first of the Methodist, 
then of the New Light Order, and could preach a good 
sermon on as short notice as any other man ; he could 
lay as many brick in a day as a common bricklayer 
would in two ; and in surveying and platting of lands, 
and also in his official business as a Justice of the Peace, 
he was equally expeditious ; but in all things, rough 
and careless, apparently disdaining precision. 

The 'Squire was remarkable for his equanimity of 
temper, or his ability to control it. On one occasion, 
when in his office, one of his rough customers very ab- 
ruptly called him a liar, to which the 'Squire coolly re- 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 283 

plied in his broad Irish brogue : " Poh, man, we are all 
liars — I can prove you a liar!" at which the other bris- 
tled up as though he was for fight — " Prove me a liar ! 
prove me a liar ! can you ?" The 'Squire making no 
further reply, turned to a file of notes that had been 
sued before him, and picking out one of his hero's notes 
and presenting the name to him, asked if that was his 
signature ? to which the man replied : " Yes ; and what 
of it ?" The 'Squire reads : " Three months after date, 
I promise to pay," etc., " And did you pay ?" " I will 
pay when I am ready !" was the reply. " There, Sir," 
said the 'Squire, " I have proved you a liar under your 
own hand ;" and returning the note to its place, without 
further ado, sat down to his writing. 

On another occasion, being told that he was the 

d dest rascal in town, and that he (the speaker) 

could prove it, the 'Squire replied, with the utmost sang 
froid : " I dare say, Sir, that you could get twenty men to 
swear that, but that ivould not make it so." He removed 
with his family to Baton Rouge, Louisiana, in 1821, 
where he died a few years after. 

In the year 1815, David S. Brodrick opened a respec- 
table tavern in frame buildings, at the south-east corner 
of High and Town streets, with the sign " Columbus 
Inn;" and in the spring of 1816, James B. Gardiner 
opened a good tavern, for that time, in a wooden build- 



284 



HISTORY OF 



ing, fronting on Friend street, just west of High, on 
what was afterward known as the Howard lot. In the 
spring of 1818, Brodrick having retired from public life, 
Mr. Gardiner removed to that stand, and hoisted the 
sign of the " Rose Tree " in full blow, with the Scrip- 
ture quotation, " The wilderness shall blossom as the rose." 
This stand was afterward kept by various landlords, 
amongst whom was Samuel Barr, whilst owner of the 
property. It was for a time known as the " Franklin 
House ;" afterward as the " City House." The old 
wooden buildings were removed some years since, to 
give place to the Deshler building, which now occupies 
the corner. 

When Gardiner removed from Friend street, he was 
succeeded at that stand by Jarvis Pike, who .raised the 
sign of " Yankee Tavern." 

The first school taught in Columbus was in a cabin 
that stood on the public square, (teachers name not now 
known ;) then succeeded as teachers, in 1814-15, and 
so on, Uriah Case, John Peoples, W. T. Martin, a Mr. 
Whitehill, Joseph Olds (afterward a distinguished law- 
yer and member of Congress), Dr. Peleg Sisson (while 
acquiring his profession), Samuel Bigger (afterward 
Governor of Indiana), Rudolph Dickinson (for a num- 
ber of years a member of the Board of Public Works, 
and member of Congress), Daniel Bigelow Orange Da- 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 285 

vis, a Mr. Christie, Rev. Mr. Labare, Cyrus Parker, H. 
N. Hubbell, Andrew Williams, and a number of others, 
not now recollected, who were all teachers of common 
subscription schools, in Columbus, before the introduc- 
tion of the present free school system. 

In the spring of 1815, the census of the town was 
taken by James Marshal, Esq., and amounted to about 
seven hundred. By this time, there were some half 
dozen or more of stores, amongst which were those of 
Alexander Morrison, Joel Buttles, Henry Brown, Delano 
& Cutler, and J. & R. W. McCoy ; and a printing office, 
issuing a weekly paper, which has been noticed under 
the head of " Newspapers." 

The first lawyers to locate in Columbus, were David 
Smith, Orris Parish, David Scott, and Gustavus Swan, 
about the year 1815. Shortly after, succeeded John R. 
Parish,* T. C. Flournoy, James K. Cory,f William Doh- 
erty,J and others. 

* Mr. Parish died in June, 1829, in tbe 43d year of his age. He 
was a man of vigorous mind, and an able lawyer and legislator, and 
for a time quite popular. But he had his frailties. 

f Mr. Cory died the first day of January, 1827, in his 29th year. 
He was a promising young lawyer, from Cooperstown, New York, and 
had resided in Columbus some seven or eight years. 

On the same day Doctor Daniel Turney, a popular physician of Co- 
lumbus, died from the effects of poison. 

I Col. Doherty was a native of Charleston, South Carolina, from 
whence he came to Ohio during the war of 1812, and took up his resi- 



286 HISTORY OF 

The Columbus post office was established in 1813 ; 
was made a distributing office in 1838. Will be noticed 
under the head of Ci post office." 

The first market house was erected in 1814, by vol- 
untary contributions of property holders in the vicinity 
of its location. It was a substantial frame, probably fifty 
feet in length, and proportionable in width and height. 
It was situated in the middle of High street, a little 
south of Rich street. It continued there until after the 
town became incorporated. Immediately after the in- 
corporation the subject of a new market house, and the 



dence in Columbus in 1816. He subsequently, in 1820, married a 
daughter of Gen. McLene, and njade Columbus bis residence the balance 
of his life. He possessed a turn of mind for public business, and being a 
man of fine appearance and pleasant address, became popular, and filled 
some highly respectable and lucrative offices. He was for seven years in 
succession Clerk of the House of Representatives in the Ohio Legisla- 
ture — one session at Chillicothe and six at Columbus. The Clerks 
then received five dollars per day 'while the members received three 
dollars. He was also for a number of years Adjutant General of the 
State of Ohio. He was afterward United States Marshal for the Dis- 
trict of Ohio four years. He had, however, previous to this, and since 
his residence in Columbus, prosecuted the study of the law, and been 
admitted to the practice. 

In 1831, he was elected Senator for the District of Franklin and 
Pickaway Counties, and was at his first session chosen Speaker of that 
body — a compliment rarely bestowed on a new member. But he was 
competent to the place, and filled it to the general satisfaction of the 
Senate. 

He died in February, 1840, at the age of fifty years. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 287 

proper place for its location was agitated. Rich street, 
Town street, State street and Broad street were all pro- 
posed as sites. Property holders on Broad street were 
strenuous in favor of it, arguing its greater width than 
any other street, and drawing the inference there- 
from that it must have been designed in the plan of 
the town for the market house. Joseph Miller, who 
bought and erected the front of the building afterward 
known as the " Buckeye House," as early as 1816, it is 
said, was influenced in his purchase, and made large 
improvements in the confident belief that the market 
house would be established nearly in front of his house. 
But about the year 1817, it was determined by the 
Council in favor of locating it on State street immedi- 
ately west of High ; and pursuant to contract, John 
Shields erected the new market house. It was a two 
story building, something larger than the old frame, 
the under story of brick for a market house for the 
town, and the second story was a pretty well finished 
frame, divided into two large and well finished rooms, 
and belonged to Shields. Thus he furnished a market 
house for the town for the privilege of having rooms 
of his own over it. 

These rooms he rented out for various puposes : one 
was occupied as a printing office, and the other was for 
a time used by himself, and' occasionally others, to hold 



288 HISTORY OF 

preaching in. After some years Shields sold out to 
John Young, and by him the rooms were appropriated 
to amusement and gaming. The first billiard table 
kept in town was in the upper part of this market 
house. 

About the year 1829 or 1830, the Council bought 
out Young's interest, and the building was removed and 
a larger market house, without any rooms above, was 
erected on the same site — Elijah Ellis contractor. 
This building continued until the erection of the 
present market house on Fourth street. 

On the tenth of February, 1816, the town was in- 
corporated as " The Borough of Columbus," and on the 
first Monday in May following, Robert W. McCoy, John 
Cutler, Robert Armstrong, Henry Brown, Caleb Houston, 
Michael Patton, Jeremiah Armstrong, Jarvis Pike and 
John Kerr were elected the first Board of Councilmen. 

James B. Gardiner, who was the wit of the day, com- 
posed the following off-hand, doggerel verse with 
reference to their occupations, with which he would 
occasionally amuse himself by repeating to the mem- 
bers: 

I sell buckram and tape, . . . McCoy. 

I sell crocks and leather, . . . Cutler. 

I am the gentleman's ape, . . . R. Armstrong. 

I am all that together, . . . Brown. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 289 



I build houses and barns, 


. Houston. 


I do the public carving,* . 


. Patton. 


I sell cakes and beer, 


. J. Armstrong 


I am almost starving, 


. Pike. 


I sell lots and the like, } 
And dabble in speculation, ) 


. Kerr. 


We and his Majesty Pikef 




Make a splendid corporation. 





Mr. Gardiner was very apt in writing amusing and 
satirical verse, and was in the habit of using the signa- 
ture " Cokeley," until he was familiarly known by that 
name to all his acquaintances, and was frequently so 
addressed by his jocular friends. 

But he also wrote some very fine patriotic and senti- 
mental poetry, for July celebrations, and such occasions. 

He removed from Columbus to Greene County about 
the year 1823, and while there, represented that county 
in the State Legislature. He afterward returned to 
Columbus, and in 1834, was elected State Printer for 
three years. He died in April, 1837, aged 48 years. 

The Franklin Bank of Columbus was incorporated by 
an act of the 23d of February, 1816, and on the first 
Monday of September in the same year, the first 
election for Directors was held, when the following gen- 
tlemen were elected, to wit : Lucas Sullivant, James 

* Reference to the old Library rooms and State offices. 

t Pike was chosen Mayor and President of the Council. 
19 



290 HISTORY OF 

Kilbourne, John Kerr, Alexander Morrison, Abram I. 
McDowell, Joel Buttles, Robert Massie, Samuel Barr, 
Samuel Parsons, John Cutler, Robert W. McCoy, 
Joseph Miller and Henry Brown. 

The following are the names of the successive Presi- 
dents and Cashiers, with their times of appointment : 

PRESIDENTS. CASHIERS. 

1816. Lucas Sullivant. 1816. A. J. Williams. 

1818. Benj. Gardiner, alias 1818. William Neil. 
Barzillai Gannett* 1826. Jonah M. Espy. 

1819. John Kerr. 
1823. Gustavus Swan. 

The charter of this institution expired on the first of 
January, 1843. 

In the fall of 1816, the State offices were removed 
from Chillicothe to Columbus, and on the first Monday 



* This gentleman, whose true name was Barzillai Gannett, had left his 
home and family in one of the eastern States under unfavorable circum- 
stances, and obtained an appointment by the name of Benjamin Gardi- 
ner, as Quarter-Master in the Army, and was stationed at Franklinton 
during the war. He was grave and dignified in his appearance and 
manners, and obtained a high reputation in the church and society 
generally, and married into a respectable connexion in this county. 
But unfortunately for him, his history followed him, and to avoid a 
prosecution for bigamy, he left clandestinely, and was never heard of 
except perhaps by a few confidential friends. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 291 

of December, in the same year, the Legislature com- 
menced its first session in the then new State House in 
Columbus. The proprietors having finished the public 
buildings and deeded the two ten acre lots to the State, 
agreeably to their proposals, at this session they pre- 
sented their account for the erection of the public 
buildings; and by an act passed the 29th of January, 
1817, the Governor was authorized to settle and adjust 
the account, and the Auditor required to draw on the 
Treasurer for the balance found due after deducting the 
fifty thousand dollars which the proprietors were by 
their proposals bound to give. 

In the settlement, after deducting from the charge 
for carpenter work some six or seven per cent, and the 
fifty thousand dollars, there was found a balance of 
about thirty- three thousand dollars due the proprietors, 
which was paid by the State, and thus closed this heavy 
and responsible enterprise. 



CHAPTER XXXII. 

COLUMBUS. 

From about 1817, generally, till the City organization in 1834, era- 
bracing Proprietors' titles — Early Manufactures — Additions to the 
Town — Deaths of Proprietors — Ohio Canal — Insurance Company 
— Clinton Bank — Cholera in 1833. 

For the first few years the town improved rapidly. 
Emigrants flowed in apparently from all quarters, and 
the improvements and general business of the place 
kept pace with the increase of population. Columbus, 
however, was a rough spot in the woods, off from any 
public road of much consequence. The east and west 
travel passed through Zanesville, Lancaster and Chilli- 
cothe ; and the mails came to Columbus by cross lines, 
on horseback. The first successful attempt to carry a 
mail to and from Columbus, otherwise than on horse- 
back, was by Philip Zinn about the year 1816, once a 
week between Chillicothe and Columbus. 

The proprietors of the town usually made their sales 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 293 

of lots by title bond. Upon receiving a third, fourth or 
fifth of the price agreed upon in hand, and annual notes 
for the balance without interest if punctually paid, 
otherwise to bear interest from date, they executed a 
bond binding themselves to make a deed when the 
notes were paid ; and it frequently happened that after 
one or two payments and a small improvement had 
been made, the whole would fall back to the proprietors. 
The lots for sale all being in the hands of the pro- 
prietors, and their giving time on the payments, kept up 
the prices at from two to five hundred dollars on any 
part of the town plat, and prices did not fall much 
below this until after the year 1820, when owing to the 
failure of two of the proprietors, McLaughlin and John- 
ston, as also of numerous other individuals who had 
possessed themselves of lots, there was such an immense 
number offered at forced sales by the United States 
Marshal and Sheriff, and so very little money in the 
country, that after being appraised and offered, and 
reappraised and offered again and again, they finally 
had to sell. And lots which had years before been held 
at two and three hundred dollars, were struck off and 
sold at from ten to twenty dollars, and sometimes lower, 
even down to seven or eight dollars, for a lot on the 
extremities of the plat. 

To add to the depression of business and price of 



294 HISTORY OF 

property, about the year 1822 or 1823, the title of 
Starling's half section, on which the town was in part 
located, was called in question. It had originally been 
granted to one Allen, a refugee from the British Prov- 
inces in the time of the American Revolution. Allen 
had deeded it to his son, and the son had mortgaged it, 
and it was sold at Sheriff's sale to satisfy the mortgage, 
and Starling was the purchaser. 

It was now claimed by the heirs of Allen, who took 
various exceptions to Starling's title. First as to the 
sale from the old man Allen to his son ; also to the 
authentication of the mortgage by the son, and paticu- 
larly to the sale of the Sheriff to Starling, on the 
ground that there was no evidence that an appraisement 
had been made as required by the statutes of Ohio, and 
suit was brought by ejectment against some of the 
occupants who owned the most valuable improvements, 
first in the Supreme Court of Ohio, and then in the 
United States Court for the District of Ohio. 

Mr. Starling defended the suits, and first engaged 
Henry Clay, who then practiced in the United States 
Courts at Columbus, as attorney. But owing to his 
appointment as Secretary of State, he was called to 
Washington City, and gave up the case, and Henry 
Baldwin, then of Pittsburgh, was next engaged, who 
conducted the defense with great ability, and about the 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 295 

year 1826, it was finally decided in favor of Starling's 
title. So the matter was put to rest as to that half 
section. 

The suit against Starling's half section was scarcely 
decided, when a claim was set up against Kerr and 
McLaughlin's half section. They had bought from one 
Strawbridge, who conveyed by an attorney or agent, 
and the deed ran thus : That the agent conveyed for 
Strawbridge, instead of Strawbridge conveying by 

agent, and was so signed : " J M (the agent), 

[seal], Attorney in fact for Strawbridge." 

Thus the defect in Kerr and McLaughlin's title was 
merely technical. But it was contended that this was 
not Strawbridge's deed, but the deed of the agent who 
claimed no title* And about the year 1826. a quit- 
claim was obtained from Strawbridge's heirs, by some 
man purporting to be a New Yorker, upon which a suit 
was brought in ejectment, as in other cases, against one 
or more of the occupants of the most valuable lots. 
But by a suit in chancery to quiet title about the year 
1827, this was all set right, and the title of Kerr and 
McLaughlin sustained. 



*In March, 1851, an act was passed by the Legislature of Ohio to 
remedy such defects in conveyances, by which this technical distinction 
under the common law has been abolished. 



296 HISTORY OF 

The years 1819 and 1820, to 1826, were the dullest 
years in Columbus. But soon after this Columbus 
began to look up again. The location of the national 
road and the Columbus feeder to the Ohio Canal gave 
an impetus to improvements, and by the year 1830, the 
prices of property and the improvements of the town 
had very considerably advanced. 

Although Columbus always possessed a reasonable 
amount of wealth and of money-making talent, the 
attention of its capitalists never was until of late years 
much turned towards manufacturing, but more directed 
to speculating upon the productions of others, by buy- 
ing, selling, etc., than to creating new or additional 
wealth. The early efforts in the way of mills and 
manufactories, further than the common branches of 
mechanism, generally failed, either for want of capital 
or want of judgment and skill in their construction and 
management. The first mill erected within our present 
city limits was a saw mill on the Scioto, some ten or 
fifteen rods below where the Penitentiary now is, in 
1813, by John Shields and Richard Courtney. It 
passed through several hands in a few years — was 
considered a good property, but soon went to ruin, and 
for the last twenty years or more not a vestige of its 

4 

remains has been perceivable. 

About the year 1816, the same John Shields erected 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 297 

a flouring mill, on the run at the south-west corner of 
the town, a few rods west of Ball's tannery. The 
water was brought from east of High street in a race 
along the side of the bank, near the south end of 
Hoster's brewery, and let on to an overshot wheel. 
This mill, after standing some twelve or fifteen years, 
and being owned by several individuals in succession, 
was suffered to go to ruin, and there have been no 
remains of it perceivable for many years. 

Along this hollow have been in succession a number 
of breweries, distilleries, tanyards and ashery, that have 
disappeared. At the present time there are two large 
breweries, one owned by Messrs. Hoster & Silbernagle, 
and the other by John Blenkner, and some three or 
four tanneries. 

In 1819, Moses Jewett, Caleb Houston and John E. 
Baker erected on the Scioto, just above Rich street, a 
saw mill upon a new patent plan. The saw was circular, 
and was to cut constantly ahead with no back strokes. 
It was an experiment, and cost them a good deal, with- 
out ever answering any valuable purpose. 

In 1821, Col. Jewett and Judge Hines commenced 
the manufacturing of cotton yarn by horse power in a 
frame building on Front street, between Rich and 
Friend ; and after experimenting with that some time, 
and also with the circular saw in the mill, the spinning 



298 HISTORY OF 

machinery was removed into the mill, where the spin- 
ning was continued by water power a few years. But 
finally the whole concern was abandoned, and for near 
twenty years there has not been a vestige of the build- 
ing to show where it stood. The frame on Front street 
where they first commenced the cotton spinning was for 
many years known as the " old factory." 

About this time, Judge Hines having invented a ma- 
chine for dressing hemp, in an unrotted state, in 1822 
he and Win. Bain constructed and put in operation one 
of the machines at the south-east corner of High street 
and South Public Lane. It was propelled by horse 
power, on a tread wheel. It after some time passed into 
the hands of Lafayette Tibbitts, who worked it until the 
fall of 1824, when he failed, and the whole concern went 
down. 

About the year 1822, a woolen factory, for carding, 
spinning and weaving, was commenced by Ebenezer 
Thomas and others, on the west end of the lot now 
owned by Col. S. W. Andrews, corner of High and Noble 
streets. It was worked by horse power on a tread wheel. 
It passed through the hands of different owners, without 
profit to any. About the year 1834 or '35, the building 
and machinery were removed, and reerected by George 
Jeffries, on the west abutment of the canal dam, where 
it was worked by water power, some two or three years, 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 299 

when the machinery was sold out by piece meal, under 
the hammer ; and so ended that manufacturing estab- 
lishment. 

About the year 1831 or '32, John McElvain erected a 
steam saw mill at the head of the canal, where Hunter's 
ware house afterward stood. It was worked by different 
persons (it is believed without much profit) for some 
seven or eight years, when the engine and machinery 
were disposed of, and the ware house erected over it — 
the mill frame answering as part of the ware house. In 
1843, the ware house was totally consumed by fire, but 
was subsequently rebuilt. The first successful manu- 
facturing establishment, other than common mechanic 
shops, was the foundry and plow manufactory of Mr. 
Ridgway, established in 1822. 

In 1824, the county seat was removed from Franklin- 
ton to Columbus ; and the courts were held in the U. S. 
Court House until 1840. The Court of Common Pleas 
then (1824) was composed of Gustavus Swan, President, 
and Edward Livingston, Samuel G. Flenniken, and 
Arora Buttles, Associates ; A. I. McDowell, Clerk ; and 
Robert Brotherton, Sheriff. 

As already observed, the original town was laid out 
in 1812. In the summer of 1814, John McGown's ad- 
dition was laid out, and called " South Columbus " — sur- 
veyed and platted by John Shields. 



300 HISTORY OF 

In 1830, the wharf lots were laid out by order of the 
town council. They are, and must remain, city property. 

In 1831, a few lots were laid out by John Young, and 
called "Young's addition." 

In 1832, a five acre lot of land near the head of the 
canal, owned by John McElvain and others, was laid out 
into lots, and called " McElvain's addition." 

In February, 1833, Otis and Samuel Crosby's first 
addition (between Town and South streets) was laid 
out ; and in November of the same year, their second 
addition (between South street and South Public Lane) 
was also laid out. 

About the years 1831 and '32, Hobert Brotherton and 
John M. Walcutt, who owned a few acres of an original 
reserve, sold out some building lots on Town street, 
which was generally called " Brotherton and Walcutt's 
addition." They did not have their lots platted, but 
sold by metes and bounds, as lands are conveyed. The 
lots, however, were subsequently platted, agreeably to 
the sales, and recorded. 

In 1835, Judge Heyl and Dr. Parsons had a small 
addition of lots laid out in the south-west corner of the 
town, called " Heyl and Parsons's addition." 

In the same year, 1835, Matthew J. Gilbert's addition 
was laid out. 

In 1838, Alfred Kelley, Moylen Northrup, and John 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 301 

Kerr's heirs, laid out into lots what they called on their 
recorded plat, " The allotment of the central reservation;" 
but which was more commonly called " Kelley and Nor- 
thrup's addition." Since which there have been so many 
small additions and sub-divisions of out-lots into build- 
ing lots, that it would be more tedious than interesting 
to trace them any farther. 

Of the four original proprietors, John Kerr died in 
1823, leaving a young family, and a large estate; which, 
however, did not long remain with his heirs, after they 
arrived at age. 

Alexander McLaughlin failed in business about the 
year 1820, and never again rose from his fallen fortune. 
He had once been considered amongst the wealthiest 
men of the State. In his latter years, he obtained a 
support by teaching a common country school. He was 
a sensible man, with a fine business education and qual- 
ifications ; but he had over-reached himself before the 
depression of business and prices of real estate, which 
took place from 1817 or '18, to 1824 and '25, and his 
large landed estate was sold under the hammer (figura- 
tively speaking) for a mere song. He died about the 
year 1832 or '33. 

James Johnston, commonly called Col. Johnston, failed 
about the same time, and in the same way as Mr. Mc- 
Laughlin. He left Columbus, and went to Pittsburg 



302 HISTORY OF 

to live, about the year 1820, where he remained the 
balance of his life, and died in the summer of 1842, at 
a very advanced age. 

Lyne Starling, the surviving one of the four, after 
the settlement of the proprietors' accounts with the State, 
and amongst themselves, about the year 1818 or '20, 
made a pleasure tour through Europe, and then returned 
and spent the balance of his life principally in Colum- 
bus. He lived a bachelor, and died quite wealthy, in 
the fall of 1848, aged sixty-five years. He had, some 
half dozen years before his death, donated $35,000 to 
the erection of Starling Medical College, and was in 
return complimented by having the College named after 

him. 

John McGown, proprietor of South Columbus, died 
in the summer of 1824, in the 75th year of his age. 

On the 4th of July, 1825, a celebration of the com- 
mencement of the Ohio Canal, took place at Licking 
Summit, at which Governor Clinton, of New York, pursu- 
ant to invitation, attended, accompanied by Solomon Van 
Rensselaer, and Messrs. Rathbone and Lord, who made 
the first loan to the State for canal purposes. On the 
Wednesday following, Governor Clinton was escorted 
into Columbus by Gen. Warner and suite, Col. P. H. 
Olmsted's squadron of cavalry, Capt. Hazel's light in- 
fantry, Capt. Andrew McElvain's rifle corps, and Capt. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 303 

O'Harra's artillery ; together with other citizens, to the 
State House, where he was addressed by Gov. Morrow 
with a cordial welcome to Ohio's fertile and productive 
lands, and her capital. 

To which Gov. Clinton made an appropriate reply, 
eulogizing our State, and our canal enterprise, and clos- 
ing with this sentence : " In five years it may, and 
probably will be completed, and I am clearly of the ojtin- 
ion, that in ten years after the consummation of this zvor/c, it 
will produce an annual revenue of at least a million of dol- 
lars ; and I hope this remark may be noted, if any thing 
I say shall be deemed worthy of particular notice, in 
order that its accuracy may be tested by experience." 

Alas, for the Governor's prediction ! Gov. Clinton 
was, perhaps, one of our most able and practical states- 
men. But his prediction here only shows the truth of 
the old saying, " that it is the easiest thing in the world 
to be mistaken;" and that the predictions of those, 
however high in position, who with confidence attempt 
to peer far into the future, should always be received 
with great caution. 

At the conclusion of the ceremonies at the State 
House, Gov. Clinton was escorted to Mr. Robinson's tav- 
ern, sign of the Golden Bell, on the lot where the John- 
ston Building is now erected, and partook of a public 
dinner. 



304 HISTORY OF 

At the session of the Legislature of 1832-33, the 
Columbus Insurance Company was incorporated. It 
failed in 1851. 

At the session of 1833-34, the Clinton Bank of Co- 
lumbus was chartered, and in October, 1834, the first 
Board of Directors was elected, and consisted of Win. 
Neil, Christopher Neiswanger, David W. Deshler, Demas 
Adams, John Patterson, Jesse Stone, Noah H. Swayne, 
Joseph Ridgway, Bela Latham, William S. Sullivant, 
William Miner, 0. W. Sherwood, [and Nathaniel Med- 
berry. 

William Neil was elected President, and John Dela- 
field, jr., Cashier. Mr. Neil continued President until 
January, 1846, when he was succeeded by William S. 
Sullivant, who was continued as President until the 
charter expired, first of January, 1854. Mr. Delafield 
was succeeded as Cashier by John E. Jeffords, in Janua- 
ry, 1838. Mr. Jeffords died in April, 1842, and David 
W. Deshler was then appointed Cashier, and continued 
until the expiration of the charter. During the last 
nine or ten years of the bank, W. G. Deshler served as 
teller, and David Overdier as book-keeper. 

After the expiration of the charter, some half dozen 
of the principal stockholders in the old bank formed 
themselves into a new private banking company, and 
continued to do business as such in the same room. They 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 305 

style their institution " Clinton Bank," merely dropping 
from the old name the words " of Columbus." They 
redeem the notes of the old Clinton Bank of Columbus. 
In the summer of 1833, the cholera made its first 
appearance in Franklin County. It first broke out in 
the early part of the summer, in a neighborhood on the 
canal, in Madison Township, where it proved very fatal, 
but was confined to the space of a few miles only. On 
the 14th of July, it made its first appearance in Colum- 
bus, and continued until about the first of October. A 
Mr. Stagg, who resided at the west end of Rich street, 
opposite the Jewett block, was the first victim. During 
its prevalence, there were about two hundred deaths 
in Columbus, notwithstanding the whole population of 
the town was not much, if any, over three thousand, 
and it was supposed that One third had fled to the coun- 
try. Much sickness from fevers also prevailed at the 
same time, and one disease would frequently run into 
another, so that in many cases it was impossible to de- 
termine to what disease to attribute the death of the 
patient; though it is believed that about two-thirds of 
the deaths were attributable to cholera. Out of the 
whole number, the Board of Health discriminated one 
hundred as being of cholera proper. The number that 
was more or less attributable to cholera, has been vari- 
ously estimated at from one hundred to one hundred and 
20 



306 HISTORY, ETC. 

fifty. The mortality and terror of this season far sur- 
passed any pestilence that ever afflicted Columbus, be- 
fore or since. Other parts of the county, beside the town 
and the neighborhood above alluded to, were not more 
sickly than ordinary seasons. 

Among those who fell victims to the epidemic, were 
the following well known citizens : The Horton Howard 
family, consisting of the old gentleman, his w T ife and 
daughter, two grand children, and son-in-law, Mr. 
Little ; James Woods and wife, C. C. Beard and wife, 
Ebenezer Thomas, William John, John B. Compston, 
Benjamin Sweetzer, Henry Jewett, Nimrod Rochester, 
Mr. White, coachmaker, and his wife, and Mrs. Zachariah 
Mills. 



CHAPTER XXXIII. 

COLUMBUS. 

The City in 1834 — First Theater — History of new State House- 
Removal of Courts and Offices in 1840 — Balloon Ascensions — 
Banks — Gas Works — Railroads — Cholera in 1849, etc. — Wal- 
cutt's Museum. 

In February, 1834, Columbus was incorporated as a 
city ; and in the spring of the same year it contained 
the following official, professional and business men and 
houses, to wit : 

UNITED STATES OFFICERS. 

Wm. Miner, Clerk of United States Courts. 

John Patterson, Marshal for the District of Ohio. 

Noah H. Swayne, District Attorney. 

Bela Latham, Postmaster. 

Henry Brewerton, Superintendent of National Road. 

David Scott, Engineer and Inspector of " 

John McElvain, Indian Agent. 



308 



HISTORY OF 



STATE OFFICERS. 

Benjamin Hinkson, Secretary of State. 
Henry Brown, Treasurer " 

John A. Bryan, Auditor " 

Timothy Griffith, Chief Clerk in Auditor's Office. 
Wm. W. Gault, Keeper of the Ohio Penitentiary. 
N. Medbury, Superintendent of new " 
Zachariah Mills, State Librarian. 
Samuel C. Andrews, Adjutant General. 
Christopher Niswanger, Quarter-Master General. 



PRACTICING LAWYERS. 



Gustavus Swan, 
Orris Parish, 
Noah H. Swayne, 
P. B. Wilcox, 
Lyne Starling, jr., 



M. J. Gilbert, 
Mease Smith, 
John G. Miller, 
Samuel C. Andrews, 
John D. Munford. 



PRACTICING PHYSICIANS. 



Samuel Parsons, 
John M. Edmiston, 
M. B. Wright, 
Peter Jackson, 
Peleg Sisson, 
Robert Thompson, 



Wm. M. Awl, 
N. M. Miller, 
S. Z. Seltzer, 
J. S. Landes, 
P. H. Eberly. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY 309 

OFFICIATING CLERGYMEN. 

James Hoge, D. D., Presbyterian. 

William Preston, Episcopalian. 

L. B. Gurley, Methodist — stationed. 

Hussell Bigelow, " Agent for Temp. Society. 

Thomas Asbury, " Local. 

Jesse F. Wiscom, " " 

George Jeffries, Baptist. 

Edward Davis, " 

MERCHANTS. 

L. Goodale & Co., dealers in dry goods and groceries. 

Buttles & Matthews, " " " 

Stewart & Higgins, " " " 

« a 

a a 

a a 

a a 

a tt 

it a 

a it 

a tt 

u a 

tt a 



D. Woodbury, 


a 


J. & S. Stone, 


a 


A. P. Stone, 


tt 


John Greenwood, 


u 


D. W. Deshler, 


a 


McCoy & Work, 


a 


John Brooks, 


tt 


Reuben Brooks, 


a 


David Brooks, 


a 


T. Peters & Son, 


u 



310 HISTORY OF 

Saunders & Frye, dealers in dry goods and groceries. 

Bond & Walbridge, " " 

Burr & Gregory, " " 

M. Northrup, " " 

Brotherton & Kooken, " " 

Joshua Baldwin & Co., " " 

Lemuel Reynolds, " " 

Olmsted & St. Clair, " 

Robert Russell & Co., " " 

C. W. Kent, auction store. 

0. & S. Crosby, wholesale druggists. 
Sumner Clark, " " 

J. S. & D. Landes, « « 

1. N. Whiting, bookseller and stationer. 
B. & J. Turnbull, « 

W. M. Kasson & Co., dealers in tin and hardware. 

W. A. Gill & Co., 

Win. W. Blake, dealer in shoes, hosiery, etc. 

Wm. A. Piatt, dealer in plate, jewelry, etc. 

Sherwood & Gregory, wholesale grocers. 

McElvain, Dalzell & Co., " 

Finley & Hanford, " 

John Young, grocer and wholesale liquor dealer. 

There were several other trading establishments that 
might perhaps have been included under this head 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 311 

with propriety, such as leather stores, hat factories, 
comb factory, and some small groceries. 

TAVERNS. 

National Hotel, by John Noble. 

Franklin House,* by J. Robinson & Son. 

Globe Hotel, by Robert Russell. 

Lion Hotel, by Jer. Armstrong. 

Swan Hotel, by Christian Heyl. 

Eagle Hotel, by David Brooks. 

White Horse, (wagon yard,) by Amos Meneely. 

Farmers and Mechanics' Tavern, by T. Cadwallader. 

And an extensive Boarding House, by Ira Grover. 

In the fall of 1835, the first theater was erected in 
Columbus. It was a large frame building, on the west 
side of High street, between Broad and Gay ; and in 
the winter following it opened with a corps of dramatic 
performers, under the management of Messrs. Dean & 
McKinney, and it was occupied during the winter 
seasons, under different managers, until about the year 
1841, when it finally closed. In 1843, the building 
was purchased by M. J. Gilbert, Esq., who had it 

* This was not the stand lately known as the Franklin House, but 
was situated at the corner of High and Town streets, where the Deshler 
building now stands. 



312 



HISTORY OF 



remodeled, and for a time it was kept and known as 
the " City Hall." It was then cut in two, and part 
removed, and the whole converted into private dwel- 
lings. 

January 26, 1838, the Legislature passed an act pro- 
viding for the erection of a new State House on the 
public square in Columbus, which was the occasion of a 
grand illumination of the city. Col. Noble, who kept 
the National Hotel, where the Neil House now stands, 
had the candles in his front windows so arranged as to 
form letters and spell NEW STATE HOUSE. In 
pursuance of said act, Joseph Ridgway, jr., of Columbus, 
Wm. A. Adams, of Zanesville, and Wm. B. Van Hook, 
of Butler County, were, by joint resolution, appointed 
commissioners for carrying the law into effect. They 
were required to give notice in certain newspapers, and 
offer a premium of five hundred dollars for the best 
plan, to be approved by the Legislature, upon which said 
house should be erected. A number of plans w r ere 
furnished by various competitors for the premium, and 
Henry Walters of Cincinnati, received the premium, 
though his plan was not adopted ; but from the various 
plans furnished, the commissioners formed and adopted 
one somewhat different from any of the plans pre- 
sented. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 313 

In the spring of 1839, the commissioners appointed 
Wm. B. Van Hook, one of their own body, superintend- 
ent of the work. The high board fence was put up, and 
a good work shop erected on the square, and other 
preparations made for working the convicts within the 
enclosure, in the cutting of stone, etc., a vast quantity 
of which, obtained at Sullivant's limestone quarry, had 
been delivered on the ground during the preceding 
year. And on the fourth of July, 1839, at a suitable 
celebration, the corner stone of the new edifice was laid, 
and the foundation subsequently raised to a level with 
the earth, when the inclemency of the weather stopped 
the work, as was supposed, until the succeeding spring. 
But during the session of 1839-40, after the Legisla- 
ture's investigation of certain charges against Wm. B. 
Lloyd, a member from Cuyahoga County, for forgery in 
altering certain accounts and papers, a friend of Mr. 
Lloyd's drew up the following statement of confidence 
etc., in said Lloyd : 

"Columbus, Feb. 13, 1840. 
" Wm. B. Lloyd, Esq. : 

"Dear Sir — The undersigned, convinced beyond 
doubt, that the charge lately circulated against yourself 
is totally unsustained by the testimony relating to the 
matter ; and the act charged, one of which it is impos- 
sible you should be guilty, beg leave, respectfully, to 



314 HISTORY OF 

assure you of our undiminished confidence in the integ- 
rity of your character, and to express to you our sin- 
cerest wishes for your future happiness and prosperity." 

Which was signed by sixty-three citizens, principally 
young men of Columbus, as papers of the kind are gen- 
erally signed, more through compliance to the wishes of 
the individual who presents the paper, than anything 
else. And this note, unexpectedly, to many, at least, of 
the signers, appeared in the Ohio State Journal of the 
17th of February, with the signers' names appended. 
This publication gave offense to many members of the 
Legislature, who had voted to censure Lloyd, and under 
this excited feeling, on the 18th of February, Mr. Flood, 
member from Licking, introduced a bill into the lower 
House, to repeal the act providing for the erection of the 
new State House, which was finally passed, and became 
a law on the 10th of March, 1840. The whole cost, as 
far as the preparations and work had progressed, appears 
to have been $41,585.22. This amount of the public 
money, a majority of the savans were willing to throw 
to the wind, in order to gratify a spirit of personal re- 
sentment towards a few citizens of Columbus. 

Immediately after the passage of this repealing act, 
the removal of the seat of government from Columbus 
was mooted, and the committee of the Legislature ap- 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 315 

pointed on the subject, made a majority and a minority 
report — both elaborate productions. The minority re- 
port concluded with the following resolutions : 

" Resolved by the General Assembly of the State of Ohio, 
That the Governor be requested to issue his proclama- 
tion, setting forth that the time has arrived for the per- 
manent establishment of the seat of government, that 
all portions of the State may have an opportunity of 
offering such inducements as they may deem proper for 
its permanent location at such point as may be desig- 
nated. 

"Resolved, That all propositions for the permanent 
establishment of the seat of government, at any point 
in the State, be sealed, and directed by the persons mak- 
ing the same, to the Governor, by the first day of August 
next, who shall open and communicate the same to the 
next General Assembly." 

These resolutions were, on the 6th of March, 1843, 
agreed to in the Senate, by a vote of eighteen to six- 
teen. But were, on the next day, rejected in the lower 
House, by a vote of thirty-six to twenty-nine. 

At the session of 1847-8, a law was again passed 
providing for the erection of a new State House.* 



* The present Constitution establishes the seat of government at 
Columbus, until otherwise directed by law. 



316 HISTORY OF 

In the spring of 1848, W. A. Adams, of Zanesville, 
and Joseph Ridgway, jr., and Samuel Medary, of Co- 
lumbus, were appointed Commissioners to direct and 
control the work, and Russell West was by them ap- 
pointed architect. In 1852, Edwin Smith, S. H. Webb, 
and E. P. Stickney, were appointed Commissioners — 
West continued as architect. In 1854, the Board of 
Commissioners were, Stickney, Smith, and James J. Far- 
an, in place of Webb — N. B. Kelly appointed architect 
in place of R. West, resigned. In the spring of 1856, 
a new Board of Commissioners was appointed, consisting 
of Wm. A. Piatt, of Columbus, Jas. T. Worthington, of 
Ross County, and L. G. Harkness, of Huron County. 

The Commissioners, it appears, did not employ a reg- 
ular clerk prior to 1850 ; but Mr. Ridgway, one of the 
Board, had acted as secretary and clerk, until the ap- 
pointment of Mr. Jas. K. Linnel, in the spring of 1850 ; 
and Mr. Linnel continued as clerk of the Board until 
the spring of 1856, when Robert Hume, Esq., was ap- 
pointed. 

The first session of the Legislature in the new State 
House (which was, however, but an adjourned session,) 
nominally, commenced on Monday, the 5th of January, 
1857. But the evening of the 7th of the same month 
having been determined upon for the great State House 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 317 

Festival, the halls could not be used for legislative pur- 
poses until that was over. 

From about the year 1830 until 1836 or 1837, while 
the general speculation excitement prevailed, Columbus 
prospered — by increase of population, improvements 
and business generally. About 1837 might be consid- 
ered the culminating point, from whence embarrassments 
began to be felt by the trading community generally ; 
business became dull, and the prices of real estate and 
the productions of the country began to decline. And 
from 1840 to 1843 or '44, was a period of unusually 
dull times in Columbus. Then gradual improvement 
followed, and from 1846 or '47, to 1853, the old career 
of wild speculation was acted over again, with the addi- 
tion of various enterprises not before entered upon. 
During this time, the railroad fever prevailed, and a vast 
amount of capital was invested in that way — perhaps 
beneficially for the country at large — but not so gene- 
erally to the individual stockholders. It will be seen, 
also, that nearly all the turnpikes and plank roads of 
this county were made, or commenced during this period, 
and that the same remark is generally applicable to 
them, as well as to the railroads. 

From 1849 to 1853, notwithstanding the prevalence 
of the epidemic that prevailed during that period, there 
were more good improvements made in Columbus than 



318 HISTORY OF 

at any previous period of the same length ; amongst 
which were the new market house, the Gwynne Block, 
and many other improvements in that neighborhood; 
numerous good buildings on High street, north of Broad, 
and the fine residences on the east end of Town ; and 
the increase of population was in proportion with the 
improvements. 

The county seat having been removed from Franklin- 
ton to Columbus, in 1824, the courts were held in the 
United States Court House, from that time until 1840, 
and the county offices were kept in various hired rooms 
for some four or five years, and then in a building con- 
tiguous to the court house, erected by the county for 
that purpose. In the summer of 1840, the courts and 
the county offices were removed to the then new court 
house, on the corner of High and Mound streets. This 
building, it was considered, constituted a first rate court 
house and jail, but the offices were too contracted; the 
cost of which appears to have been about $41,000, ex- 
clusive of the ground. The two lots upon which the 
building stands having been bought by contributions of 
the citizens of the south end of the town, were donated 
to the county, in the spring of 1838. Four years after, 
in 1842, the County Commissioners purchased the third 
lot, so that the county might own the entire block. 

On the 4th of July, 1842, was the first balloon ascen- 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 319 

sion from Columbus. Mr. Clayton, a celebrated aeronaut, 
then of Cincinnati, Ohio, made a beautiful ascent from 
the State House yard, where a vast concourse of people 
had assembled to witness the spectacle. He arose, it was 
supposed, to the height of from one to two miles. The 
balloon at first bore southward, then about due east, and 
landed safely about five miles east of Newark ; and he 
returned to Columbus about two o'clock, on the second 
day. 

The second balloon ascension, was also by a celebrated 
aeronaut, Mr. Wise, of Pennsylvania. On the 4th of 
July, 1851, pursuant to an engagement with Mr. Kin- 
ney, he made his ascent from an enclosure prepared for 
the occasion, and other amusements of the day, at the 
corner of Broad and Seventh streets. There was a very 
large concourse of spectators, and the ascension as fine as 
could have been wished. He landed safe and sound 
about six miles from his starting point, and returned to 
the city the same evening. 

The State Journal of the next day says : " Too much 
praise cannot be given to Mr. Kinney and Mr. Wise for 
their services in catering to the public taste in this most 
interesting and beautiful exhibition." 

The third balloon ascension from Columbus, was by a 
Monsieur Godard, on the 29th of October, 1857, from 
the enclosure of the Capital City Fair Grounds, a short 



320 HISTORY OF 

distance southeasterly from the Lunatic Asylum. This 
ascension was also made pursuant to an engagement by 
Mr. John M. Kinney. Mons. Godard is a Frenchman, 
and was engaged to come from the city of Philadelphia, 
to make an ascension on horseback. This ascension was 
only intended as a preliminary one to the great horse- 
back ascension, which was to come off two days after ; 
but which, owing to a disappointment in obtaining gas, 
did not come off at all. But this ascension was a grand 
one. Mons. Godard, his brother, Mr. Huntington of the 
Exchange Bank, and Robert H. Thompson, of the post 
office department, all ascended — three of them in the 
car, and one of the Godards suspended by his feet to a 
rope some fifteen or twenty feet long, hanging below 
the car with his head downward, and in that position, 
waving a flag as he was carried through the air. They 
all landed safely, near Taylor's Station, some eight or 
nine miles east of Columbus. 

In February, 1845, the banking law, to incorporate 
the State Bank of Ohio, and other banking companies, 
was passed. Books were immediately opened, and the 
requisite amount of stock soon subscribed for three new 
banks — the Exchange Branch and the Franklin Branch 
of the State Bank; and the City Bank, based upon 
State stocks. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 321 

THE EXCHANGE BANK 

Went into operation the 24th of May, 1845, with a 
capital of $125,000. Charter will expire 1st of May, 
1866. 

The first Board of Directors were, Win. B. Hubbard, 
D. T. Woodbury, Edwards Pierpont, 0. Follett, and Pe- 
ter Hayden. 

The successive business officers have been — 

PRESIDENTS. 

Wm. B. Hubbard, appointed May, 24, 1845 — retired 
June, 1852. 

Wm. Dennison, jr., appointed June 22, 1852 — retired 
Jan. 1, 1856. 

D. W. Deshler, appointed Jan. 1, 1856 — continues, 
1858. 

CASHIERS. 

H. M. Hubbard, appointed May 24, 1845 — retired 
1853. 

M. L. Neville, appointed June 1, 1853 — died Dec. 
1855. 

C. J. Hardy, appointed Jan. 1, 1856 — continues, 
1858. 

21 



322 HISTORY OF 



TELLERS. 



Geo. Hubbard, appointed Jan. 1, 1848 — retired 1850. 
John Greenwood, " " 1850 « 1855. 

R. S. Neil, " " 1855 « 1856. 

P. W. Huntington, « " 1856. 

THE FRANKLIN BANK 

Went into operation July 1, 1845, with a capital of 
$175,000. Charter will expire 1st of May, 1866. 

The first Board of Directors were, Gustavus Swan, 
Samuel Parsons, Geo. M. Parsons, Wray Thomas, and 
Thomas Wood. 

The successive business officers have been — 

PRESIDENTS. 

Samuel Parsons, appointed July 1845 — retired May 
1852. 

Thomas Wood, appointed May, 1852 — retired July 

1853. 

D. W. Deshler, appointed July 1853 — continues, 1858. 

CASHIERS. 

James Espy, appointed July 1845 — retired July 1854. 
Joseph Hutcheson, appointed July 1854 — continues, 
1858. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 323 



TELLERS. 



Joseph Hutcheson, appointed May, 1852 — promoted 
July, 1854. 

L. C. Bailey, appointed July, 1854 — continues, 1858. 

CITY BANK OF COLUMBUS. 

This Institution went into operation near the same 
time as the Exchange and Franklin Branch Banks ; un- 
der the same law, but a different provision of it ; which 
authorized Independent Banks, secured by the deposit 
of State stocks with the Treasurer of State. This bank 
was located in the same building as the Columbus In- 
surance Company, and, to a great extent, the stockhold- 
ers in one of these institutions were also in the other ; 
and so also with the directory of both institutions, which 
became in their business much mixed up together. 

Joel Buttles was the President of the bank until the 
time of his death, in the summer of 1850. Then Rob- 
ert W. McCoy was President until the time of his death, 
January, 1856. Thomas Moodie was Cashier during 
the whole existence of the Institution. 

Finally the bank and Insurance Company both failed ; 
the Insurance Company in 1851, and it was in the month 
of November, 1854, that the bank suspended, and closed 
its doors. The public lost nothing by the notes, they 



324 HISTORY OF 

being secured, as above stated. But it was ruinous to 
the holders of stock, which was nearly all sunk. The 
charter of the bank, however, is still kept alive by the 
annual election of officers — probably with the view of 
some time commencing business again. 

At the legislative session of 1837-8, the Mechanics' 
Savings Institute, a bank of deposit, etc., was incorpo- 
rated, and soon after went into operation in Columbus. 
Wm. B. Hubbard, Esq., President, and for a time War- 
ren Jenkins, then Thomas Moodie, Cashier. It was con- 
tinued till about the time the City Bank commenced 
business, when the former was discontinued, or merged 
in the latter. 

THE MONEYED INSTITUTIONS IN COLUMBUS IN 1858, 

Are the Exchange Branch and Franklin Branch of 
the State Bank of Ohio, above named, and three 
pretty extensive Private Banks, or Brokers' Offices, viz : 
The association doing business under the name of " Clin- 
ton Bank," " Miller, Donaldson, & Co., Bankers," and 
"Bartlit & Smith, Bankers." But a few years since 
there were four regular chartered banks in the city 
One has failed, as before stated ; the charter of another 
expired by limitation, and it appears hard to obtain a 
new bank charter under the present Constitution. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 325 

COLUMBUS GAS LIGHT AND COKE COMPANY. 

By an act passed the 21st of February, 1846, Joel 
Buttles, Samuel Medary, Charles Scott, James S. Ab- 
bott, Dwight Stone, John Miller, James D. Osborn, 
James Westwater, S. D. Preston and William Arm- 
strong and their associates were incorporated by the 
name of the Columbus Gas Light and Coke Company, 
for the purpose of lighting the streets and buildings of 
the City of Columbus. The company to be governed 
by a Board of not less than five nor more than nine 
Directors. 

On the 6th of December, 1848, the company held 
their first meeting for the election of five Directors, 
when John Miller, D. W. Deshler, J. Ridgway, jr., John 
Lock wood and Wm. A. Gill were elected. Mr. Miller 
was chosen President, Mr. Ridgway Secretary, and Mr. 
Deshler Treasurer. Subsequently Mr. Gill was Presi- 
dent of the Board. The buildings and necessary 
preparations being made, on the 14th of May, 1850, 
the City Council passed an ordinance granting the priv- 
ilege to the Company of using the streets and alleys for 
the purpose of laying their gas pipes and conveying 
the gas through the city. And as a consideration for 
this privilege the Gas Company are to furnish such 
quantity of gas as may be required by the City Coun- 



326 HISTORY OF 

cil for public lamps at two-thirds the price paid by 
private consumers. 

The Company went into operation in 1850, and 
appear to have succeeded well. They have increased 
their capital stock to near $100,000. They have in- 
creased the number of Directors from five to seven. 
The office business is principally done by a Secretary. 
In the spring of 1851, Joseph C. Vance was appointed 
Secretary. In the spring of 1852, he left the city, and 
Captain Henry Z. Mills was appointed Secretary in his 
place. 

The present officers of the Company are, William A. 
Piatt, President ; John F. Bartlit, John L. Gill, John 
Miller, D. W. Deshler, Peter Ambos and Dwight Stone, 
Directors. 

Henry Z. Mills, Secretary. 

G. Douty, Superintendent of works. 

Calvin A. Piatt, Superintendent of the fitting depart- 
ment and Inspector. 

RAILROADS. 

The location and construction of the Railroads also 
gave a new impetus to improvements, particularly in the 
north end of the city. The Columbus and Xenia Road 
was constructed in the years 1848 and 1849, and the 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 327 

first passenger train passed over it on the 26th of Feb- 
ruary, 1850. Soon after, an invitation was extended to 
the Legislature, then in session, and they took a pleas- 
ure excursion over the road, to Cincinnati and back. 

The depot grounds, amounting to some thirty-six or 
thirty-seven acres, and the buildings, generally, belong 
to the Columbus and Xenia, and the Cleveland, Colum- 
bus, and Cincinnati Roads, jointly. The Central Road, 
however, by lease and contract, has certain rights and 
privileges in the same. The lot where the office is, and 
the office itself, belong to the Columbus and Xenia Com- 
pany, exclusively. 

By the month of February, 1851, the C, C. & C. 
Road (i. e., the road from Columbus to Cleveland,) was 
so far finished as to be in running condition, and pur- 
suant to an arrangement between the Railroad Compa- 
ny and the Cleveland authorities, a grand celebration of 
the opening of a direct railroad communication from 
Cincinnati to Cleveland, was to take place at Cleveland, 
on the 22d of February, and invitations were extended 
to the Legislature, and to the City authorities of Colum- 
bus and Cincinnati, and numerous other citizens to 
attend the celebration ; and on the 21st, the excursion 
party first passed over the road. The 22d was spent at 
Cleveland and on the 23d the party returned highly 
gratified. 



328 HISTORY OF 

In the spring of 1852, the Central Road being fin- 
ished as far as Zanesville, on an invitation of the Zanes- 
ville authorities to the Legislature, the City Council of 
Columbus, and certain others, a free pleasure excursion 
was had over the road to Zanesville, where the party 
was received and hospitably entertained by the citizens 
of Zanesville, and they returned the same night. 

On the Columbus, Piqua and Indiana Road, the 
first train passed over the road from Columbus to 
Urbana on the 4th of July, 1853, and in the fall of the 
same year, the trains ran as far as Piqua. 

In 1849, the cholera again made its appearance in 
Columbus. It broke out in the family of Mr. George 
B. Smith, in the Jewett block, near where it com- 
menced in 1833. On the 21st of June, Mr. Smith's 
son, a boy six or seven years old, was taken and died 
suddenly. The next day Mr. Smith and his wife, and 
Mrs. Kinney and a Mr. Sanders. The alarm now 
spread, and the disease also spread all over the town. 
Many of the citizens left. A Board of Health was im- 
mediately appointed, consisting of Messrs. Isaac Dalton, 
N. W. Smith, Geo. B. Harvey, W. W. Pollard and James 
Cherry, who were diligent in the discharge of their 
duties — procuring medical and other assistance, where 
it was needed, and made daily reports. The disease 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 329 

continued until about the middle of September, and the 
Board reported 162 deaths by cholera, in that time. 
There doubtless were some omissions, and the true 
number may have been somewhere between that and 
200, beside 116 deaths in the Penitentiary, which are 
noticed in the chapter under that head, — deaths other 
than by cholera not included in the above. 

Many well-known citizens were carried off by the 
epidemic this season, amongst whom were Dr. B. F. 
Guard, Dr. Horace Lathrop, Gen. Edgar Gale, Samuel 
Preston, Abraham Mettles, Wm. Cook and son, Robert 
Thompson and wife, Dr. Isaac F. Taylor, Christian 
Karst, Joseph Murray, Esq., Bernard Berk, Christian 
Hertz and John Whisker. 

In 1850, this terrible disease again prevailed. The 
first case this year was Mrs. Robert Russell, who died 
on the 8th of July at the United States Hotel on High 
street. The disease immediately spread and raged with 
about the same virulence it had the preceding year, and 
continued till near the middle of September. 

The Board of Health this year consisted of George 
B. Harvey, Isaac Dalton and W. W. Pollard, assisted by 
T. J. McCamish, and others occasionally. They made 
regular daily reports from the 24th of July to the 4th 
of September. In that time they reported 209 deaths 
by cholera and 93 from other diseases, in all 302. And 



330 HISTORY OF 

then the disease had prevailed over two weeks before 
the commencement of the reports, so that the number 
of deaths from cholera this year was probably near 225, 
and from other diseases, according to the classification 
made by the Board of Health, probably about 100. 
The population of the city, according to the census 
taken this year, was 17,871, of whom it is supposed 
about one fourth had left. 

Amongst the well-known citizens who paid their last 
debt to nature during the epidemic this year, were 
Elijah Converse, David S. Doherty, Emanuel Doherty 
and Wm. Doherty, John Willard and son, Wm. G. 
Alexander and wife and two or three children, James 
B. Griffith's son and three daughters, John Barcus, 
Joseph Ridgway, jr., Robert Owen, Timothy Griffith, 
Dr. James B. McGill, Henry Wass, Isaac Taylor, Hin- 
man Hurd, William Henderson, Mrs. Wm. S. Sullivant, 
Mrs. Geo. B. Harvey, Mrs. Matthew Gooding, Mrs. E. 
B. Armstrong and Miss Fanny Huston. 

In 1851, there was no cholera. 

In 1852, it returned again, but was light in compari- 
son with 1849, and 1850. The first case this year was 
Philip Link, who died on the 16th of June in the south- 
eastern part of the city. Amongst the victims to that 
fatal disease this year were William English and wife, 
Nelson Compston, Miss Henrietta E. Gale, John 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 331 

McGuire, Newton Mattoon, and Robert Brooks of 
Franklinton. 

In 1853, there was no cholera. 

In 1854, it again appeared. It this year commenced 
in the fore part of June, at the north end of the town, 
and did not spread very generally. Amongst the vic- 
tims were John Leaf, wife and son, Mr. Westwater's 
two children, Jonathan Ream, and Jonathan Philips and 
daughter. 

No cholera since 1854. 

In July, 1851, Captain Walcutt first opened his 
Museum in Columbus. It then consisted of only six or 
seven wax figures and a few paintings. It for a time 
attracted as much attention and patronage as could be 
expected from so small a collection. He has been since 
then constantly adding to it, until it now comprises over 
twenty good wax figures, two or three hundred speci- 
mens of beasts, birds, fossils and other curiosities, and 
about one hundred fine oil paintings, presenting quite a 
respectable collection. But those of our citizens who 
saw it or heard of it in its infancy are not aware of its 
improvements, and do not seem to fully appreciate it. 

Of the adult persons residing in Columbus when the 
writer settled here in April, 1815, there are now remain- 
ing in the city Messrs. Jeremiah Armstrong, Jacob 



332 HISTORY, ETC. 

Hare, George B. Harvey, Peter Putman, and one lady, 
Mrs. Mary Peoples, and two colored persons, Caleb and 
Aggy Lewis ; and in the vicinity Gen. Olmsted and 
Judge Heyl, wife and brother. 

Soon after, Dr. L. Goodale, Judge G. Swan, Henry 
Brown, Esq., and Col. John McElvain removed over from 
Franklinton. 

Of those who removed from a distance and settled in 
Columbus, the next five years, there are still living in 
the city, Messrs. John M. Walcutt, Jonathan Neereamer, 
Moylen Northrup, D. W. Deshler, William Armstrong, 
James Harris, Henry Butler, Thomas Wood, Hugh 
McMaster, Jared Shead, Cyrus Fay, Joseph Leiby, Jas. 
Cherry, P. B. Wilcox and Eli W. Gwynne. 



CHAPTER XXXIV. 

THE OLD STATE HOUSE, THE OFFICES, YARD, ETC. 

When State House erected — Description — Mottoes — Wm. Ludlow — 
Destruction by fire — Where Legislature then met — Erection and 
description of offices — U. S. Court House, etc. — Removal of the 
Courts — County Offices on the State ground — Fencing of the 
Square, etc. 

The old State House was situated on the south-west 
corner of the Public Square, about equi-distant from 
State and High streets, and about eighteen or twenty 
feet from the inner side of the pavements. It was 
erected in 1814 ; Benjamin Thompson was the under- 
taker of the stone and brick work, except the cutting 
of the stone for the foundation, etc., which was done by 
Messrs. Drummon and Scott; George McCormick and 
Conrad Crisman, were the undertakers of the carpenter 
work; Gotleib Leightenaker, of the plastering; and 
Conrad Heyl, of the painting. The freestone for the 
foundation, and window and door sills, was drawn 
on wagons, from Black Lick, some twelve or fourteen 



334 HISTORY OF 

miles, through swamps and excessive mud. The brick 
were partly made out of a beautiful mound that stood 
on the summit of the high ground just at the south- 
west intersection of High and Mound streets, from 
which Mound street derived its name ; and although the 
mound has long since entirely disappeared, and even 
the high ground on which it stood has been removed in 
the grading of streets, and the foundation of the large 
German Church, yet in referring to that part of the 
town, we frequently speak of the mound as though it 
yet existed. In this mound, as in other similar works 
of antiquity, were found numerous human skeletons, so 
that what once formed human bodies, centuries after 
formed part of the walls of the Ohio State House. The 
house was a common, plain brick building, seventy-five 
feet north and south, by fifty feet east and west on the 
ground, and two lofty stories high, with a square roof, 
that is, eaves and cornice at both sides and ends, and 
ascending to the balcony and steeple in the center; in 
which was a first-rate, well-toned bell. The top of the 
spire was one hundred and six feet from the ground. 
On the roof adjoining the balcony, on two sides, were 
neat railed walks, from which a spectator might view 
the whole town as upon a map, and had also a fine view 
of the winding Scioto, and of the level country around 
as far as the eye could reach. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 335 

The foundation of the building was cut stone, to the 
height of nearly two feet, and there was a belt of cut 
stone in the outer side of the wall at the height of the 
first story. The main entrance was a door in the mid- 
dle of the south end ; and on entering, there were stairs 
both on the right and on the left, leading to the gallery 
and also to the Senate Chamber. In the lower story 
were the Representatives' Hall, (in the north end of the 
building,) two committee rooms, and a gallery. In the 
second story, the Senate Chamber and two committee 
rooms, but no gallery. There was a west or front door 
from the Representatives' Hall towards High street, and 
also an east or back door from the hall into the wood- 
yard. 

The halls were of good size and respectable wooden 
finish, but no marble. The large wooden columns were 
handsomely turned — the workmanship of our late fel- 
low-townsman, William Altman, now deceased, and were 
painted in imitation of clouded marble. Over the west 
door was a well-dressed stone slab, about five by two 
and a half feet surface, built into the wall, with the fol- 
lowing patriotic inscription engraved thereon : 

" Equality of rights is Nature's plan, 
And following nature is the march of man ; 
Based on its rock of right your empire lies, 
On walls of wisdom let the fabric rise. 



336 HISTORY OF 

Preserve your principles, their force unfold, 

Let nations prove them, and let kings behold. 

Equality your first firm grounded stand, 

Then free election, then your Union band ; 

This holy triad should forever shine, 

The great compendium of all rights divine. 

Creed of all schools, whence youths by millions draw 

Their theme of right, their decalogue of law, 

Till man shall wonder (in these schools inured) 

How wars were made, how tyrants were endured. 

Barlow." 

Over the south door was another stone of about the 
same size, with a verse of about the same length and 
character, from the same author. This stone was either 
destroyed in the fall of the building, or has since been 
lost, and its inscription cannot be given. 

Over the east door was a stone of about half the 
size of one of the others, with a motto of Mr. Ludlow's 
own inscribed on it, of which the following is a copy: 

"General good, the object of legislation, 
Perfected by a knowledge of man's wants, 
And Nature's abounding means applied, 
Establishing principles opposed to monopoly. 

Ludlow." 

Early in the morning of the first day of February, 
1852, the old State House was consumed by fire. Thus 
the old State House and the old State Constitution ex- 
pired within a few days of each other. The Ohio State 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 337 

Journal of the second of February, makes the following 
announcement of its destruction : 

" Great Conflagration ! — The State House Destroy- 
ed! — Yesterday (Sunday) morning, about four o'clock, 
the cry of fire rang through our streets. It was soon 
ascertained that the old State House was on fire. The 
watch first discovered it in the center of the Senate 
Chamber, and on the floor. This was nearly extinguish- 
ed, when it was discovered that the timbers over head 
were on fire. Soon it burned out through the roof, and 
the entire belfry was quickly in flames. The engines 
could not reach the fire, and it was evident that the ven- 
erable old edifice, in which the Legislature of Ohio had 
met for the last thirty-five years, was doomed to destruc- 
tion. The belfry, after burning brilliantly for a few min- 
utes, came down with a crash upon the floor of the Sen- 
ate Chamber. The roof then gradually fell in, and the 
upper story of the building was a mass of flames. An 
effort was now made to confine the fire to the Senate 
Chamber and upper rooms, but there was too heavy a 
mass of burning matter on the floor to be extinguished, 
and soon the flames reached the Hall of the House of 
Representatives. The origin of the fire has not yet 
been ascertained. The desks, chairs and furniture had 
been removed, and the entire building was then resigned 
22 



338 HISTORY OF 

to its fate. In the Senate Chamber very little was 
saved. We learn that the clerk's papers were all secur- 
ed, but that a large mass of documents, journals, consti- 
tutional debates, etc., were consumed." 

The cause of the fire was never satisfactorily ascer- 
tained. In the ensuing spring the remains of the 
building were removed, and the ungainly high board 
fence that had so long enclosed the public square was 
extended round the site of the old building. 

The remainder of the session the House of Represen- 
tatives sat in Mr. Neil's Odeon Hall, and the Senate in 
the United States Court House, on the opposite side of 
the street. And the next winter, 1852-3, the House of 
Representatives again sat in the Odeon Hall, and the 
Senate in Mr. Ambos's Hall. In the winter of 1853-4, 
the regular session, both branches occupied the same 
halls as the preceding winter. In 1854-5, no legisla- 
tive session. In 1855-6, they again occupied the 
Odeon and Ambos's Halls, and in the winter of 1856-7, 
they for the first time held their session in the new 
State House. 

Of those who assisted in the erection of the old State 
House, there are still living in the city or vicinity, Jacob 
Hare, who kept a team and helped to haul the stone for 
the foundation, Conrad Heyl, principal painter, and Geo. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 339 

B. Harvey, who was employed on it as carpenter 
through its whole construction. 

In connection with the State House, the writer's bet- 
ter half here reminds him of a little social sewing party 
that put together the first carpet for the State House, 
in the fall of 1816. Of which party she was one, and 
the only surviving one that she now recollects. Mrs. 
George McCormick and Mrs. George B. Harvey were of 
the party, but they are now no more. 

Governor Worthington, by invitation, convened a 
dozen or more ladies of the town in the Hall of the 
House for the purpose above named, favored them with 
his company and some of his fine apples from his Boss 
County orchard, and they spent the day industriously and 
cheerfully on the task to which they had been invited, 
and in the evening partook of a cup of tea with the nec- 
essary accompaniments served up at Mr. John Martin's, 
just across the street from the State House. 

The State offices were erected the year after the 
State House, (1815.) B. Thompson was the contractor 
for laying up the walls, but died before the job was done. 
His contract, however, was completed under the control 
of his widow. M. Patton was undertaker of the car- 
penter work, and Leightenaker and Heyl of the plaster- 
ing and painting. 

This building was situated about fifty or sixty feet 



340 HISTORY OF 

north of where the State House stood, and in a direct 
line with it. It was a plain two-story brick building, one 
hundred and fifty feet long by twenty-five feet deep 2 
fronting toward High street. It had a rough stone 
foundation, and a belt of cut stone along the front and 
ends at the height of the first story, a common comb 
roof of joint shingles, and four front doors, one toward 
the north end to enter the Secretary's office, two toward 
the south end to the Auditor's office, one of which, 
however, was kept closed and not used, and a large 
door in the center. Immediately inside of the center 
door, by turning to the left you entered the Governor's 
office, or by turning to the right the Treasurer's office, 
or by advancing without turning to the right or the left 
you ascended, on winding stairs to the second story, 
which was always appropriated principally for the State 
Library, but formerly was used also for the Quarter- 
Master and Adjutant General's offices, and by times 
for other public officers. The two front doors to the 
Auditor's office rather injured the symmetrical appear- 
ance of the building from the street. 

This building was removed in the spring of 1857, 
preparatory to the grading of the public square. 

All these public buildings were made under the 
superintendence of William Ludlow, Esq., the agent of 
the State, appointed for that purpose. Although no 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 341 

architect, nor much acquainted with building, he was a 
faithful agent, a man of some talent, and unquestionable 
integrity — a Democrat of the old school, with strong 
prejudices against the very name of federal, as was 
evidenced in the alteration of the word federal to union, 
in the quotation from Barlow's poem on the stone over 
the west door of the State House. The workman had (fol- 
lowing the copy from the book) cut the words "Federal 
Band," before observed by Mr. Ludlow. But this would 
not do, although applied only to the Union of the 
States. The word was objectionable, and hence the 
engraving was filled up as well as it could be done, 
and the word " union " cut over it, so as to read "Union 
Band." Toward the last years of the old State House 
the composition with which the word had been covered 
over, on which union was engraved, had fallen off, and 
the old word federal again appeared. 

The United States Court House stood in a line with 
the State House and State offices, and about fifty or 
sixty feet north of the latter. It was also a plain 
brick building, two stories high, with a rough stone 
foundation. It was probably about forty-five or forty- 
six feet square, and the roof ascended from the four 
sides to a circular dome in the center. The front had a 
recess entrance about the size of a large portico, but 
within the line of the front wall. The same recess ex- 



342 HISTORY OF 

tended up through the second story, thus affording a 
pleasant view of the street from the second story. On 
the lower floor there was a hall through the center, and 
two rooms on each side, one of which was used for the 
office of the Clerk of the United States Court, one as an 
office for the Marshal, and one as a jury room. On the 
second story was the court room and one jury room. 

This building was erected in the year 1820. It was 
done in part by the State appropriating a certain 
amount of uncurrent funds of the Miami Exporting 
Company then in Treasury, to that purpose ; but the 
geater amount was raised by donations from the citizens 
of Columbus, and the United States Courts were 
removed from Chillicothe about the year 1821. Har- 
vey D. Evans was then Clerk of said Court, and Dr. 
John Hamm, of Zanesville, Marshal. After Evans's 
death, in July, 1825, he was succeeded in the clerkship 
by Wm. K. Bond, then of Chillicothe ; and about the 
year 1829 or 1830, Bond was succeeded by William 
Miner, who still holds the office. Dr. Hamm, as Mar- 
shal, was succeeded by William Doherty, and Doherty 
by Gen. John Patterson, from Jefferson County, and he 
by a man of his own name, John Patterson of Adams 
County, and Patterson by Demas Adams, Adams by 
John McElvain, McElvain by D. A. Robertson, of 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 343 

Fairfield, Robertson by G. "W. Jones, of Knox, and 
Jones by H. H. Robinson of Cincinnati. 

In the spring of 1855, the State having been divided 
into two Districts, the United States Courts were 
removed from Columbus to Cincinnati and the Court 
House was soon after torn down. 

Back of the United States Court House was a long 
one story brick building, erected by the county about 
the year 1828 or 1829, for county offices. It was 
divided into four apartments, with an outside door to 
each. The north room was for the Clerk of the Court, 
the next one to it for the Recorder, the next for the 
Treasurer, and the fourth or south one for the County 
Auditor; and the county offices were kept here from the 
time the building was erected until the summer of 
1840, when they were removed to the new County 
Court House, at the corner of Mound and High streets. 
This building was not removed until the spring of 1857, 
when the State House square was graded. 

The public square on which these buildings stood, 
was originally cleared of its native timber, etc., by 
Jarvis Pike, (generally styled Judge Pike, having once 
been a Judge in the State of New York,) under the 
direction of Governor Worthington, about the years 
1815 and 1816. The Governor resided in Chillicothe, 
and some misunderstanding having arisen between Pike 



344 HISTORY OF 

and him as to the terms or conditions of their contract, 
on the occasion of one of his visits to Columbus, Pike 
had him arrested on capias and conducted by a con- 
stable before 'Squire King, and the matter was decided 
in Pike's favor — perhaps adjusted without trial. But 
the circumstance was the subject of frequent jocular 
remarks, in which the 'Squire was always ready to 
join. 

The square was enclosed with a rough rail fence, and 
Pike farmed the ground some three or four years, and 
raised wheat, corn, etc., till the fence got out of order, 
and was finally destroyed ; and the square lay in com- 
mons a number of years, until the summer and fall of 
1834, when it was enclosed by Jonathan Neereamer 
with a neat and substantial fence of cedar posts and 
white painted palings, which was done under the direc- 
tion of Alfred Kelley, Esq., as agent for the State. 
And near the same time, either the preceding or the 
succeeding winter, he had the elm trees now standing 
on the square removed from their native forest and 
planted where they are. Their stalks were then 
perhaps from four to six inches in diameter. They 
were taken up when the ground was frozen hard, so 
that perhaps half a ton of frozen earth adhered to the 
roots, and by having large holes prepared, the earth 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 345 

was never loosened from the roots, and the trees gener- 
ally did well, but still some have died. 

In the spring of 1839, the neat paling fence was 
removed to give place to the ungainly rough board 
fence, about twelve feet high, which was erected for a 
kind of semi-prison in which to work the Penitentiary 
prisoners on the new building ; and it stood there as a 
blur upon the face of the town until the recollection of 
many of our young people, who had in the meantime 
grown from childhood to maturity, did not extend back 
to the time when it did not exist. A part of the white 
paling fence was bought by Mr. Whitehill, with which 
his lots, at the corner of State and Fourth streets, are 
still enclosed. 

On the 4th of July, 1839, the corner stone of the 
new State House was laid. 



CHAPTER XXXV. 

PENITENTIARY. 

Introduction of Penitentiary system — Erection of first building — Ap- 
pointment of officers, etc. — Erection of second prison Building — 
Wright elected keeper — Names of clerks, etc. — removal of prisoners 
to new Penitentiary — removal of old buildings — Suit for the ground 
— Law to sell the ground — New Penitentiary — Its government, etc. 
— Murder of Sells — Cholera in the prison — Table of officers, etc. 

The penitentiary system was first introduced in Ohio 
in 1815. Previous to that time, the crimes since pun- 
ished by imprisonment in the penitentiary, were punish- 
ed by whipping. For instance, the section of law relat- 
ing to larceny, was as follows : 

" That if any person shall steal the personal goods or 
chattels of another, such person so offending, shall be 
deemed guilty of larceny, and upon conviction thereof, 
shall be whipped not exceeding thirty-nine stripes, on 
the naked back ; and on a second conviction of a like 
offense, shall be whipped not exceeding fifty stripes, at 
the discretion of the court ; and in either case, shall 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 347 

return to the owner the thing stolen, or the value thereof, 
if the thing stolen be not restored, with damages, and 
shall, in either case, be fined in a sum not exceeding 
three-fold the value of the property stolen, and be im- 
prisoned not exceeding three months, at the discretion 
of the court ; and in all cases where damages are allow- 
ed by this act, to any person who shall have property 
stolen, the petit jury who are elected to try the offender, 
shall, if they find a verdict of guilty, at the same time 
assess the damages." 

The first statute of Ohio providing for punishment in 
the penitentiary, was passed the 27th of January, 1815, 
and took effect the first of August, 1815. It provided : 
" That if any person shall steal any money or other per- 
sonal goods and chattels of another, of the value of ten 
dollars and upwards, every person so offending shall be 
deemed guilty of larceny, and, upon conviction thereof, 
shall be imprisoned in the penitentiary at hard labor for 
any space of time not more than seven years nor less 
than one year !" Subsequently, in 1821, the law was so 
changed that a larceny of less than fifty dollars did not 
constitute a penitentiary offense ; and, since 1835, the 
amount has stood at thirty-five dollars. 

The first penitentiary building was erected in 1813, 
under the direction of William Ludlow, State Director 
of the public buildings. Benjamin Thompson was the 



348 HISTORY OF 

undertaker of the mason work, and Michael Patton of 
the carpenter work. It was a brick building fronting on 
Scioto street or lane, sixty by thirty feet on the ground, 
and three stories high, including the basement, which 
was about half above and half below ground. The base- 
ment was divided into cellar, kitchen and eating-room 
for the prisoners, and could be entered only from the 
inside of the yard. The next story above the basement, 
was for the keeper's residence, and was entered by high 
steps from the street ; and the third, or upper story, was 
laid off into cells for the prisoners — thirteen cells in all 
— four dark and nine light ones. The entrance to the 
upper story or cells, was from the inside of the yard. 

The prison yard was about one hundred feet square, 
including the ground the building stood on, and was en- 
closed by a stone wall from fifteen to eighteen feet high. 
Col. McDonald, of Ross County, was the contractor for 
the building of this wall. 

Such is a brief description of the penitentiary build- 
ings as they were from 1815 to 1818, when the new 
penitentiary, as it was then called, was erected, and the 
yard enlarged to about four hundred feet east and west, 
by about one hundred and sixty feet north and south, 
including the ground covered by the buildings. The 
yard now extended to the foot of the hill, near the canal, 
and was graded into three levels, each gently descend- 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 349 

ing to the west, with two perpendicular stone walls 
erected across the yard to the height of the level above. 
These cross walls or jogs in the yard were about twelve 
feet high, with large steps to descend them. The outer 
walls of the yard were probably about twenty feet high, 
and three feet thick, with a heavy plank floor on the 
top, and a hand rail at proper height on the inner edge. 
In descending the wall from the first or upper level, to 
the second and third, or lower level, there were regular 
steps like stair steps, on the top of the wall. The upper 
level of the yard was about equal in size to the other 
two — say two hundred feet east and west, for the upper 
yard, eighty feet for the middle yard, and one hundred 
and twenty feet for the lower one. The work shops 
were principally arranged along the south side of the 
upper yard — coopers and blacksmiths in the middle 
yard — no shops in the lower yard. 

The new prison house, or building, was of brick, about 
one hundred and fifty feet long, and about thirty-four 
feet wide, and two stories high, with the east gable end 
to the street, and forming a connected line with the 
front of the old building. There were a tolerably com- 
modious dining room and kitchen on the lower floor, and 
two adjoining rooms on the second floor, for hospital pur- 
poses, and fifty-four cells or lodging rooms, above ground, 



350 HISTORY OF 

and five dark and solitary cells below ground, which 
were accessible only by a trap door in the hall. 

In the first or old building, the cells were torn out, 
and the building remodeled, and made a comfortable 
residence for the keeper. These improvements were 
made under the direction of the State officers, namely : 
Ralph Osborn, Auditor, Hiram M. Curry, Treasurer, and 
Jeremiah McLene, Secretary. Judge Pike was agent 
under them to superintend the work. The building of 
the wall was let out in parcels, to several different con- 
tractors. The mason work of the house or prison, was 
taken by John Shields, and the carpenter work by Capt. 
Houston and John E. Baker. The plan, particularly of 
the yard with its three benches or levels, was, at the 
time, much admired, though it was afterward condemned, 
and was the principal cause for removing the institution 
to its present level site. 

Pursuant to the act passed in January, 1815, for the 
government, etc., of the penitentiary, five inspectors 
were elected by joint ballot of the Legislature, whose 
province it was to appoint a keeper, and prescribe rules 
and regulations for the government of the institution. 
Capt. James Kooken, then of Franklinton, received the 
appointment of keeper, took possession of the house, 
and entered upon the discharge of his duties on the first 
day of August, 1815 ; and Col. Griffith Thomas, now of 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 351 

Perry Township, was by him appointed clerk of the 
institution. Kooken was continued keeper, and Thomas 
clerk, with some two, three or four guards, until the 
office of agent was created. In January, 1819, a law 
was passed creating the office of agent, and making the 
keeper and agent both electable by the Legislature for 
three years. Capt. Kooken was elected keeper, and Col. 
Thomas agent. The keeper and agent were now sepa- 
rate offices, independent of each other. The keeper's 
powers and duties continued as before, except that he 
passed over all manufactured articles to the agent, whose 
duty it was to keep them in a store house provided for 
that purpose, contiguous to the prison ; make the sales, 
collect the outstanding debts, and pay over all his cash 
receipts weekly to the Treasurer of State. 

In February, 1822, the law was again changed, abol- 
ishing the office of agent ; and Barzillai Wright was, by 
the Legislature, elected keeper in place of Kooken. 
Wright was a stranger, from New Jersey, and had been 
only about three months in the State ; and his election 
occasioned considerable murmuring and excitement 
among the friends of Kooken, both in and out of the 
Legislature. It was contended that he was ineligible 
to the office, under the clause of the Constitution which 
provided, " That no person shall be appointed to any 
office within any county, who shall not have been a citi- 



352 HISTORY OF 

zen and inhabitant therein one year next before his ap- 
pointment." But, on the other hand, it was argued, 
that this was an office not mentioned in nor known to 
the Constitution, and that therefore the above clause 
was not applicable to it. 

In the summer of 1823, Wright died, and Nathaniel 
McLean was appointed by Governor Morrow, to fill the 
vacancy, and was continued by election and reelections 
by the Legislature, until the spring of 1830. He was 
then succeeded by Byram Leonard, of Knox County ; 
and Leonard was succeeded in the spring of 1832, by 
Wm. W. Gault, of Newark, who continued until the con- 
victs were removed to the new penitentiary, in the fall 
of 1834. 

During the whole term of business at the old peni- 
tentiary, a store of the manufactured articles was kept 
connected with the institution, and a general system of 
bartering was the policy adopted. Blacksmithing, wag- 
on making, coopering, shoemaking, gunsmithing, cabinet 
making, tailoring and weaving, were carried on in the 
prison, and the work and wares of the institution were 
sold or exchanged for provisions and raw materials, such 
as sawed lumber, staves, hoop poles, coal and fire wood, 
etc., or sold for cash, as cases might offer. The care of 
the store and books was with the clerk. The successive 
clerks after the abolition of the office of agent, in 1822, 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 353 

were Cyrus Fay, Henry Matthews, George Whitmore, 
W. T. Martin, Nelson Talmage, Timothy Griffith, and 
Uriah Lathrop. Among the old hands employed about 
the institution during the same period, were Joseph Mc- 
Elvain, Purdy McElvain, Joseph O'Harra, Arthur O'Har- 
ra, John Kelley, Hugh McGill, Thomas Webb, Samuel 
Gelin, Talman Chase, and others. 

There were every year more or less escapes of pris- 
oners by stealth, though but one daring rush. About 
the year 1830, some dozen or more prisoners, having 
banded themselves together to force an escape, were 
secreted in a vacant cell, just inside of the outer door of 
the prison, and when the turnkey, Mr. O'Harra, (now 
'Squire O'Harra, of Franklinton,) had occasion to unlock 
the door, the daring Smith Maythe, who headed the 
gang, sprang forward and caught O'Harra round the 
body, and held him fast, while his comrades rushed out. 
He then, letting go of Mr. O'Harra, bounded forward 
and placed himself at the head of the gang, and they 
marched up past the mound, (there then being but few 
improvements to obstruct their way,) and on to the 
woods in a south-east direction. They were advertised 
and finally all picked up, one or two at a time, and re- 
turned to the prison. Poor Maythe, some years after 
his release from the Ohio penitentiary, was, for a case of 
23 



354 HISTORY OF 

robbery and attempted murder, in Kentucky, hung by 
a mob, without judge or jury. 

Under the law and regulations of the old penitentiary, 
the institution was charged with, and paid, the costs of 
prosecution and transportation of convicts — always a 
heavy item of expense. But under the law and regula- 
tions for the government of the present penitentiary, 
the costs of prosecution and transportation are paid out 
of the State Treasury, and are not, in the Warden's 
annual exhibits, charged to the institution ; which should 
not be overlooked in making a comparison between the 
exhibits of the old and the present institutions. 

The old buildings and the ten acre lot upon which 
they stood, and which had been donated by the' proprie- 
tors of the town to the State for the erection of a peni- 
tentiary thereon, were no longer needed, nor used in 
connection with the penitentiary ; and the succeeding 
year the walls of the yard were sold by the State 
officers and were torn down, and the stones used, part 
for building purposes, and part burned into lime at a 
kiln erected on the lot for that purpose, by Jacob 
Strickler. The main prison building, which had been 
erected in 1818, remained some two or three years long- 
er, when it was also removed, leaving the original build- 
ing, erected in 1813, and the brick store house, erected 
by Wright, in 1822, still standing ; and they were taken 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 355 

possession of by the Quarter-Master General — the one 
as a place of deposit for the public arms, and the other 
as a work shop for cleaning and repairing the arms ; 
thus converting the two into a kind of State Armory, 
and they so remained until 1855, when they were both 
razed to the ground, and the bricks used in filling in 
some part of the new State House ; and the old lumber 
sold and removed. So that now there remains not a 
vestige of the old penitentiary and its appendages ; and 
the grading down of the streets, and the digging down 
and hauling away of a great part of the hill itself, for 
gravel and sand, has so changed the surface of the loca- 
tion where the prison and yard once were, that a person 
familiar -with that place thirty years ago, could not now 
recognize it. 

At the removal of the penitentiary, a question arose 
as to the title of the ten acre lot — whether it reverted 
to the proprietors of the town, or still remained' in the 
State. In the Legislature the question was twice refer- 
red (at different sessions) to committees of legal charac- 
ters, and a majority each time reported in favor of the 
State's title; and on the 17th of March, 1838, an act 
was passed authorizing the Governor to have the ground 
laid out into town lots, and the lots appraised, and then 
sold ; the ground was accordingly laid out and platted, 
and the plat recorded. But a discretionary power seemed 



356 HISTORY OF 

to rest with the Governor, and he never caused any 
sales to be made. In the meantime, in March, 1847, 
Elijah Backus commenced suit in the Court of Common 
Pleas of Franklin County, for the recovery of this lot 
of land from the State. The suit was brought in the 
name of Gustavus Swan and M. J. Gilbert against E. N. 
Slocum, then Quarter-Master General of the State, and 
who had possession of the buildings, as above stated. It 
appears that they had some years before obtained a gen- 
eral quit-claim from the heirs of Kerr, McLaughlin and 
Johnston, of all their then remaining interest in all lands 
on the town plat, or perhaps in the county. How far 
these plaintiffs advised or controlled the suit, is not 
known to the writer ; but it was generally understood 
that Mr. Backus was prosecuting for his own benefit, and 
while the plaintiffs had the temporary possession, he 
controlled it and received the proceeds. 

As above stated, the suit was commenced in March, 
1847 — E. Backus, attorney for plaintiff, Henry Stan- 
bery, Attorney General, for Slocum — and the cause was 
continued from time to time until June, 1851, when 
judgment was obtained for plaintiffs by default, Joseph 
McCormick then Attorney General. August 23d, writ 
of possession issued, and on the first of September the 
Sheriff went through the formality of putting the 
plaintiff in possession. Mr. Backus then became land- 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 357 

lord, to rent the State its own buildings, and the sand 
and gravel of which the hill is composed being in very 
ready demand, he made the best he could of that, real- 
izing about a thousand dollars from that, exclusive of 
the rent of the buildings. 

Now, in order to regain what had been lost by the 
neglect of the Attorney General, the State had in her 
turn to become plaintiff, and in March, 1852, suit was 
brought by the State in the Court of Common Pleas 
against S. W. Andrews, then Quarter-Master General, 
who was in possession under Backus, Geo. E. Pugh then 
Attorney General, and conductor of the suit ; and No- 
vember 30, 1852, judgment was rendered for the 
defendant, (against the State,) An appeal was taken 
to the District Court, Geo. W. McCook now Attorney 
General ; and September 21, 1854, judgment was ren- 
dered for the plaintiff, (the State,) and November 25th, 
writ of possession issued, and on the 19th of January, 
1855, the writ was returned, indorsed, " I have ex- 
ecuted this writ by putting the Secretary of State in 
possession of the premises as herein directed. Thomas 
Miller, Sh'ff." 

The State having now got in possession of its lot 
again, on the 17th of March, 1856, the Legislature 
passed an act vacating the old plat, except as to Mound 
street, and repealing the law of 1838, under which it 



358 HISTORY OF 

was made, and directing the Governor to have the 
ground laid out into lots anew, re-platted, appraised and 
sold. In the summer of 1857, this ground was re-plat- 
ted, the lots advertised and a few sold, and the sale 
adjourned. 

At the session of 1857-8, the Legislature, on the 
petition and memorial of Martha McLaughlin, widow of 
Alexander McLaughlin, deceased, appropriated one 
thousand dollars to be paid to her out of the proceeds 
of these lots. 

NEW PENITENTIARY. 

On the 11th of February, 1832, an act was passed 
by the Legislature, providing for the erection of a new 
penitentiary. It provided for the election by the Leg- 
islature, of three Directors to select and procure a site, 
and direct and control the erection of the buildings. 
They were to receive a salary of one hundred dollars 
each per year, for their services, and were required to 
appoint a superintendent to project the plan and super- 
intend the work, at a compensation not exceeding one 
thousand dollars per year. 

At the same session, Joseph Olds, of Circleville, Sam- 
uel McCracken, of Lancaster, and Charles Anthony, of 
Springfield, were elected Directors ; and on the 4th of 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 359 

May, 1832, they appointed Nathaniel Medbery, super- 
intendent. A lot of fifteen acres of land, where the 
prison is erected, was procured by the ] citizens of the 
north end of town, and donated to the State as an in- 
ducement to the location of the institution at that 
point. 

On the 27th of October, 1834, the buildings being 
completed, Nathaniel Medbery was, by the Directors, 
appointed the first keeper of the new penitentiary by 
the title of Warden, and on the day following the con- 
victs were removed from the old to the new prison. 
Colonel Gault was the keeper of the old prison, and his 
time did not expire until the ensuing spring. But his 
charge was marched away from him, and he continued 
to occupy the keeper's apartments in the old institution 
in quietness until spring, and claimed his salary. 

On the 5th of March 1835, Isaac Cool was appointed 
Deputy Warden, Rev. Russell Bigelow Chaplain, Dr. 
M. B. Wright Physician, and H. Z. Mills Clerk. The 
prison was now governed by a new law, new officers 
and new rules and regulations. Rules of great severity 
were adopted, and rigidly enforced. The old system of 
barter was abandoned, and instead of the State manu- 
facturing articles for sale, as formerly, the convicts were 
hired by the day to large manufacturers, who worked 



360 HISTORY OF 

them in prison shops, as at present, and the keeping of 
a store, or sale room, was thus dispensed with. 

The failure of the old penitentiary, both in a pecu- 
niary and reformatory view, had generally been attribu- 
ted to the insufficiency of the buildings, and to the lax 
government of the institution ; and high expectations 
were entertained that under the new system a revenue 
would be produced to the State, and a moral reforma- 
tion wrought upon the convicts. But time has proven 
the delusion of both these expectations. If we charge 
the institution with the costs of prosecution and trans- 
portation of the convicts, as formerly, the annual 
deficits will not be less than under the old system. 
And as for the reformation of the discharged convicts, 
the police of Columbus could testify not very favorably. 
Within a few years past the rigid rules and discipline 
have been giving way to more kind and humane treat- 
ment. The odious " lock step " was first abandoned, 
then " shower baths " and the use of the " cat " were 
also abandoned, and solitary confinement substituted. 

The only officer of the institution whose life has been 
taken by a convict, was Cyrus Sells, in 1843. The 
convict was transferred to the county jail, tried in the 
Court of Common Pleas, convicted and executed in 
February, 1844. 

In 1849, the cholera broke out in the prison on the 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 361 

30th of June, and between that time and the 5th 
of August, one hundred and sixteen convicts died of 
that disease. The highest number of deaths in one 
day was on the 10th of July, when twenty-two died. 

Doctor Lathrop was the regular prison physician, and 
he was assisted by Doctors William Trevitt, John B. 
Thompson, Robert Thompson, B. F. Gard, J. Morrison, 

N. Gay, G. W. Maris, and Matthews, and several 

medical students, and some citizens who volunteered 
their services as nurses, etc. 

Doctors Lathrop and Gard both fell victims to the 
disease. 

In the fall of 1850, from the 31st of August to the 
29th of November, there were twenty-one deaths by 
cholera, in the prison — none since. 



362 



HISTORY OF 



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FRANKLIN COUNTY. 



363 




CHAPTER XXXVI. 

CHURCHES OF COLUMBUS. 

Methodist — Presbyterian — Congregational — Episcopal — Universalist — 
Baptist — Lutheran — German Reformed — Roman Catholic — Evan- 
gelical Association — Colored Baptists — Jews. 

METHODIST. 

The first Methodist Church or Class, in Columbus, was 
organized early in the year 1814, by the Rev. Samuel 
West, the preacher then in charge on this circuit. The 
class at first consisted of four members only — George 
McCormick * and his wife, George B. Harvey, and Miss 
Jane Armstrong, who soon after became the wife of Mr. 
Harvey. The next member admitted, was Moses Free- 
man, a colored man, who some eight or ten years after 
left with his family for Liberia, in Africa, where, it is 
said, he died not long after. 

In the same year, 1814, the proprietors of the town 

* Mr. McCormick remained an influential member of the church 
through life, and died in the spring of 1850, aged about seventy-eight 
years. Mr. Harvey is the only survivor of the original four. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 365 

donated and conveyed the lot where the Town Street 
Church now stands, to George McCormick, Peter Grubb, 
Jacob Grubb, John Brickell, and George B. Harvey, as 
trustees, for the use and benefit of the church ; and a 
small hewed log house was soon erected thereon for a 
place of worship. It also for some years was used for a 
school house. Here the writer taught his first school in 
Columbus, commencing in the spring of 1815. In 1817, 
the building was enlarged to about double its original 
size, by adding a frame addition to it. And in 1825, 
the old wooden structures were removed, and a good 
sized brick building erected on the same site, which con- 
tinued until the spring or summer of 1853, when it was 
torn down, and the present edifice erected. 

About the year 1823, the colored part of the congre- 
gation separated from the whites, and formed a society 
or church, by themselves. They held their meetings in 
rented rooms until about the year 1839 or 1840, when 
they erected their present brick church, on Long street. 

In 1844, the German Methodist Church, at the north- 
west corner of Third street and South Public Lane, was 
erected, and the German part of the congregation gene- 
rally met there. 

In 1846, Wesley Chapel, on High street north of 
Gay, was erected on a lot donated to the church by 
Wm. Neil, Esq. 



366 HISTORY OF 

In 1854, Bigelow Chapel, on Friend street, was erect- 
ed. Present officers : 

zion chapel, (Town Street Church.) 

Pastor — Rev. J. M. Jamison. 

Trustees — A. S. Decker, James "Watson, P. T. Snow- 
den, John Linebaugh, Lorin Yerington, and John Short. 

Number of members in 1857 — two hundred and 
ninety. 

WESLEY CHAPEL. 

Pastor — Rev. William Porter. 

Trustees — M. Gooding, E. Booth, Richard Jones, 
Thomas Walker, Daniel Miner, and J. E. Rudisill. 
Number of members in 1857 — one hundred and fifty. 

BIGELOW CHAPEL. 

Pastor — Rev. Lovet Taft. 

Trustees— A. Cooper, E. Glover, M. Halm, W. F. Kno- 
derer, E. H. Link, John Whitsel, J. C. Kenyon, Newton 
Gibbon. 

Number of members in 1857 — one hundred and ten. 

German Methodist, in 1857 — Rev. Paul Brodbeck, 
Pastor. 

Number of members — sixty. 

Colored Methodist, in 1857 — Rev. J. H. Shorter, Pas- 
tor. 

Number of members — one hundred and thirteen. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 



367 



NAMES OF THE PREACHERS WHO HAVE OFFICIATED 

AT COLUMBUS, WITH THE YEAR OF EACH APPOINTMENT. 



Year. 



Circuit Preachers. 



Presiding Elders. 



1814 
1815 
1816 
1817 

1818 
1819 
1820 
1821 
1822 
1823 
1824 
1825 
1826 
1827 
1828 
1829 
1830 



1831 
1832 

1833 
1834 

1835 
1836 
1837 
1838 
1839 
1840 
1841 
1842 
1843 
1844 
1845 
1846 



Samuel West, 
Isaac Pavey, 
Jacob Hooper, 

William Swayze and Simon Peters, 
William Swayze and Lemuel Lane, 
John Tevis and Leroy Swormsted, 
John Tevis and Peter Stevens, 
Russell Bigelow and Horace Brown, 
Russell Bigelow and Thomas McCleary, 
Charles Waddle and H. S. Fernandes, 
Charles Waddle and Alfred Lorane, . 
Leroy Swormsted and Joseph Carper, 
Joseph Carper and John H. Power, . 
Samuel Hamilton and Jacob Young, 
Samuel Hamilton,* . 
Leroy Swormsted and G. Blue, 
John W. Clark and Adam Poe, 

Columbus Station. 

Thomas A. Morris, 

Robert 0. Spencer, . 

Russell Bigelow, . 

Russell Bigelow part of year, Leonard 

Gurley other part, . 
E. W. Sehon, . 

Same, 
Joseph Carper, . 
Joseph A. Waterman, 
William Herr, 
Joseph A. Trimble, . 

Same, 
David Whitcomb, 

John Miley and Abraham Wambaugh, 
John Miley, . 
Granville Moody, 

Same, 



James Quinn. 

Do. 

Do. 
David Young. 
John Collins. 

Do. 

Do. 
Samuel West. 
Greenbury R. Jones. 

Do. 
Jacob Young. 

Do. g 

Do. 
Russell Bigelow. 
David Young. 

Do. 6 

Do. 



John Collins. 
Augustus Eddy. 
Do. 

Do. 

Do. 
Jacob Young. 

Do. S 

Do. 

Do. 
John Ferree. 

Do. 
Joseph M. Trimble. 
David Whitcomb. 

Do. 
Robert 0. Spencer. 

Do. 



* One vacancy. Jesse F. Wixom, of Columbus, filled it part of the year, by 
appointment. 



368 



HISTORY OF 



NAMES OF PREACHERS — Continued. 



Year. 



1847 
1848 
1849 
1850 
1851 
1852 
1853 

1854 

1855 
1856 

1857 



Circuit Preachers. 



Presiding Elders. 



Cyrus Brooks, Town Street, 

George C. Crum, Wesley Chapel, 

Cyrus Brooks, Town St., . 

George C. Crum, Wesley Chapel, 

David Warnock, Town St., . 

Wm. H. Lawder, Wesley Chapel, 

David Warnock, Town St., 

John W. Weakley, Wesley Chapel, 

Clinton W. Sears, Town St., 

John M. Leavitt, Wesley Chapel, 

Asbury Bruner, Town St., 

John M. Leavitt, Wesley Chapel, 

Asbury Bruner, Town St., 

James L. Grover, Wesley Chspel, 

Edward Mabee, Mission, . 

John W. White, Town St., . 

James L. Grover, Wesley Chapel, 

Joseph H. Creighton, Bigelow Chapel, 

John W. White, Town St., . 

John Frazer, Wesley Chapel, 

Thomas Lee, Bigelow Chapel, 

J. M. Jamison, Town St., 

John Frazer, Wesley Chapel, . 

Thomas Lee, Bigelow Chapel, 

J. M. Jamison, Town St., 

William Porter, Wesley Chapel, 

Lovet Taft, Bigelow Chapel, . 



| John W. Clark. 
t Do. 

| Do. 

Do. 



is Brooks. 



y Cyrus 

I Uriah Heath. 



Do. 



Do. 



Zachariah Cornell. 
Do. 
Do. 



Whitfield Methodists, (Welch.) — Organized in 1848. 
About the same year they erected their present brick 
church at the corner of Long and Sixth streets. 

The successive Pastors have been — 

Rev. Mr. Perry, from Granville, commenced about the 
year 1849 ; retired, 1855. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 369 

Rev. David Williams, from Pittsburgh, commenced 
in 1855; retired, 1857. 

Rev. Mr. Parry, again, commenced 1857. 
Number of members in 1857, seventy-three. 

PRESBYTERIAN. 

The First Presbyterian Church had its origin in 
Franklinton, and was organized on the 8th of February, 
1806, as the First Presbyterian Church of Franklin 
County. 

Pastor — Rev. James Hoge. 

Elders — Robert Culbertson, William Read. 

Trustees — Joseph Dixon, John Dill, David Nelson, 
William Domigan, Joseph Hunter, Lucas Sullivant. 

ORIGINAL MEMBERS OF THE CONGREGATION, WITH THEIR FAMILIES 

GENERALLY. 

Robert Culbertson, William Read, David Nelson, Wil- 
liam Shaw, John Turner, Joseph Dixon, Lucas Sullivant, 
Samuel King, Luther Powers, Samuel G. Flenniken, 
William Stewart, John Lisle, Joseph Parks, David Jam. 
ison, John Hunter, George Skidmore, Joseph Hunter, 
William Brown, William McElvain. 

In 1805, the venerable Doctor Hoge, then a young 
man, first arrived in Franklinton as a missionary ; and 
after laboring in that capacity for some time, he formed 
24 



370 HISTORY OF 

a regular church, of which he remained the head until 
he resigned his charge, in 1857. In 1807, he was reg- 
ularly employed by his church and congregation, to 
minister to their religious wants. The following is a 
copy verbatim, of the call upon him for that purpose, 
and to which he acceeded. The old document, in the 
hand writing of Lucas Sullivant, is still preserved as a 
relic of past times : 

" The congregation of Franklinton, being on sufficient 
ground well satisfied of the ministerial qualifications of 
you, James Hoge, and having good hopes from our past 
experience of your labors, that your ministration in the 
Gospel will be profitable to our spiritual interests, do 
earnestly call and desire you to undertake the pastoral 
office in said congregation ; promising you in the dis- 
charge of your duty, all proper support, encouragement 
and obedience in the Lord : And that you may be free 
from worldly cares and avocations, we hereby promise 
and oblige ourselves to pay to you the sum of three 
hundred dollars, in half yearly payments, annually, for 
three-fourths of your time, until Ave find ourselves able 
to give you a compensation for the whole of your time, 
in like proportion, during the time of your being and 
continuing the regular pastor of this church. In testi- 
mony whereof, we have respectively subscribed our 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 371 

names, this 25th day of September, Anno Domini 

1807. 

"ROBERT CULBERTSON, 



Elders. 



Trustees.'''' 



"WILLIAM READ, 

"JOSEPH DIXON, 
"JOHN DILL, 
"DAVID NELSON, 
"WILLIAM DOMIGAN, 
"JOSEPH HUNTER, 
"LUCAS SULLIVANT, 



The house in which the congregation first held their 
religious meetings in Franklinton, was a two-story frame, 
still standing, some two hundred yards northward from 
the old court house. The sessions of the Supreme Court 
of Franklin County were first held in the same building. 
It so happened, that Parson Hoge traveled from Spring- 
field to Franklinton in company with Judge Baldwin, 
who, pleased with the young candidate for holy orders, 
tendered him the use of the room occupied by the court; 
and here the small band of worshipers first assembled 
for religious service. The next church building, was a 
very plain one-story brick house, erected on the bank 
of the river, near the old Franklinton burying ground. 
The society's next step was their removal to the infant 
town of Cqlumbus. In the spring of the year of 1814, 
they erected a log cabin about twenty-five by thirty 
feet, on the ground near the corner of Spring and Third 
streets. Service was held by times in this, but princi- 
pally at the Franklinton brick church, until the year 



372 HISTORY OF 

1818, when a frame building, or rather three frames 
connected, and forming but one inside or large room, 
was erected on the west side of Front street, south of 
Town, where Mr. Hoge administered to his congregation 
until the erection of the present First Presbyterian 
Church, in 1830, and the first services were held in it 
on the first Sunday in December, 1830. In 1855, this 
building underwent a general remodeling, under the 
direction of Mr. R. A. Sheldon, architect. 

On the 8th of February, 1856, the church held a 
semi-centennial celebration in the church building, in 
honor to their venerable and highly respected pastor — 
at which Dr. Hoge himself was the interesting and im- 
posing character most observed. He delivered the ad- 
dress on the occasion. It was an interesting recital of 
the circumstances attending his advent into this then 
wilderness, and the progress of the church and society 
generally, since that period. The Rev. Mr. Hall and 
Rev. Mr. Smith, both of the Presbyterian Church, also 
spoke on the occasion. Under the direction of Joseph 
Sullivant, Esq., whose familiarity with the church made 
it an easy and pleasant duty, a number of well executed 
pictures were hung around the room, at once disclosing 
a striking and graphic history of the church improve- 
ments above referred to. The pillars were decorated 
with festoons of evergreens and flowers. And the ta- 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 373 

bles were admirably arranged, under the direction of 
Mrs. Kelsey ; and the supper was worthy of the occa- 
sion. The whole thing passed off well, and was a sol- 
emn but pleasant celebration. 

During the last eight or ten years of Dr. Hoge's 
ministration, he was assisted by various clergymen of 
his denomination, until on Sunday the 28th of June, 
1857, he delivered an appropriate discourse, and 
resigned the charge to the Reverend Edgar Woods, late 
of Wheeling, who was duly installed on Tuesday, the 
30th of the same month. 

Dr. Hoge is now in the 78th year of his age, enjoy- 
ing good health and preaching occasionally. He bears 
his age remarkably well, his hair being but slightly 
changed, and the movements of his tall and erect figure 
would indicate a man of fifty or sixty. 

PRESENT ORGANIZATION. 

Pastor — Rev. Edgar Woods. 

Elders — James Cherry, Isaac Dalton, Thomas Moodie, 
James S. Abbott, Wm. M. Awl, Alfred Thomas. 

Trustees — Robert Neil, M. L. Sullivant, D. W. Desh- 
ler, James D. Osborn, George M. Parsons. 

Number of members in 1857, one hundred and 
seventy-five. 



374 HISTORY OF 

The Second Presbyterian Church was organized on 
the first Sabbath in March, 1839. The organization at 
first consisted of thirty-one persons, most of whom were 
from the first or old Presbyterian Church. For some 
short time prior to the regular formation of the church, 
those connected with it had held their public meetings 
for worship in a room, prepared for that purpose, near 
the corner of Rich and High streets. The church was 
incorporated by an act of the Legislature in April, 1839, 
and measures were soon taken toward securing a site 
and erecting a house of worship. 

Early in the following year, the congregation met 
for worship in the basement of the present edifice, and 
during the subsequent fall the entire structure was com- 
pleted. From the time of their organization till the 
October ensuing, the congregation had the services of 
the Rev. Mr. Topliff, and afterward, till May, 1840, those 
of Rev. George L. Boardman. During that month, the 
Rev. Henry L. Hitchcock, D. D., having previously 
received a unanimous call from the church, began his 
ministration among them ; and on the 24th of Novem- 
ber, 1841, he was regularly installed as their pastor, 
and continued to sustain that relation until the first of 
August, 1855, when he was transferred to the Presi- 
dency of the Western Reserve College. 

Early in the following September, a unanimous call 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 375 

was tendered to the Rev. Edward D. Morris, then of Au- 
burn, New York, who, having accepted the invitation, 
began his ministerial labors on the first Sabbath of 
December ensuing, and was duly installed as pastor on 
the 2d of January, 1856. 

A few years since the society had occasion to enlarge 
the present building to accommodate the increasing 
congregation, and now (1858) a larger and more 
elegant edifice is being erected on Third, between Town 
and State streets. 

PRESENT ORGANIZATION. 

Pastor — Rev. Edward D. Morris. 

Elders — H. B. Carrington, Asa D. Lord, Chauncey N. 
Olds, John J. Ferson, Ebenezer McDonald, John H. 
Stage. 

Trustees — D. T. Woodbury, A. P. Stone, Ermine Case, 
Jonas McCune, Collins Stone. 

Treasurer — John M. Ferson. 

Number of members in 1857, two hundred and forty- 
five. 

Westminster Church. — This church was organized 
on the 1st of June, 1854, and consisted at that time of 
thirty members, who had been dismissed from the First 
Presbyterian Church. For three years and a half 



376 HISTORY OF 

the congregation worshiped in the lecture room of 
Starling Medical College. In 1856 and 1857, they 
erected their church edifice at the corner of Sixth and 
State streets, at a cost of about $15,000. It was dedi- 
cated on the 23d of August, 1857. The number of 
members at present (April, 1858,) is one hundred and 
sixteen. Rev. J. D. Smith has been pastor from the 
first, having been called to the charge of it from the 
First Church, where he had been for several years colle- 
giate pastor with Rev. Dr. Hoge. 

PRESENT ORGANIZATION. 

Pastor — Rev. J. D. Smith. 

Elders— Wm. Blynn, Dr. R. N. Barr, J. R. Paul. 

Welch Presbyterians. — Organized in 1837. Their 
house of worship is a small frame building on Town 
street, east of Fifth. For the first ten or twelve years 
they had no regular pastor. The Rev. Mr. Price, Rev. 
John Harris, and occasionally some others, preached for 
the congregation, until about the year 1849, when the 
Rev. Mr. Powel, of Delaware, became the regular in- 
stalled pastor. He continued until 1857, when he was 
succeeded by the Rev. Mr. Jones, present pastor. 

Number of members in 1857, thirty-five. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 377 

The Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church was 
organized 19th of December, 1850, with thirteen mem- 
bers. 

Elders — Thomas Kennedy, Hugh Price. 

Trustees — Dr. John Morrison, Neil McLaughlin, John 
Stothart. 

No pastor has been installed in the church ; but 
preaching has been furnished by various ministers. 
Rev. L. H. Long was stationed as a regular supply from 
June, 1852, to June, 1854. Rev. G. W. Gowdy was 
appointed as a regular supply April, 1856, to continue 
until May, 1858. 

present organization. 

Pastor — G. W. Gowdy. 

Elders — Thomas Kennedy, Hugh Price. 

Trustees — Zaccheus W. McConnell, John Stothart, 
Neely Sawhill. 

The society have a good frame building at the cor- 
ner of Sixth and Town streets, erected in 1852. 

Number of members in 1857, thirty-six. 

First Congregational. — The First Congregational 
Church of the City of Columbus was organized on the 
29th of September, 1852, under the name of the Third 
Presbyterian Church. It was composed of forty-two 



378 HISTORY OF 

members, dismissed at their own request from the Sec- 
ond Presbyterian Church. It adopted rules of govern- 
ment substantially Congregational, and its membership, 
with perhaps two or three exceptions, were all such. 
The legal organization of the society was effected the 
day previous. A neat frame building had been erected 
on Third street, a short distance north of Broad, and 
was dedicated July 11th, of the same year. Rev. W. 
H. Marble was chosen pastor early in the following 
winter, and resigned his office in January, 1856. Rev. 
Anson Smyth, with great acceptance, acted as pastor 
during the eight months preceding Nov. 1st, 1856. 

On the 3d of November, 1856, the name of the 
church, by unanimous consent and wish, was changed 
to that of First Congregational Church of Columbus. 
Rev. John M. Steele, having been unanimously called to 
become its pastor, was installed on the 7th of November, 

1856. Mr. Steele died in New York City in April fol- 
lowing, much regretted by the Church and all who had 
made his acquaintance. In the summer and fall of 

1857, the society erected their present brick church on 
Broad street, and it was dedicated on " Forefather's 
Day," December 22, 1857. Rev. N. A. Hyde accepted 
a call from the church, and is at present (Jan. 1858,) 
laboring with them as pastor. 

There are now one hundred and forty-two members. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 379 

PRESENT OFFICERS. 

Minister — N. A. Hyde. 

Deacons — Dr. J. W. Hamilton, L. L. Rice, M. B. 
Bateham, Mr. Corner. 

Trustees — F. C. Sessions, R. J. Patterson, T. S. Bald- 
win. 

Treasurer — Pearl Kimball. 

Clerk— M. P. Ford. 

EPISCOPAL. 

Trinity Church was organized in 1817, by Bishop 
Philander Chase. 

The first Board of Church Officers were — 

Wardens — Orris Parish, Benjamin Gardiner. 

Vestry — John Kilbourne, Joel Buttles. 

Secretary — Joel Buttles. 

For a number of years the newly created church had 
no regular pastor nor church building. Bishop Chase, 
while residing at Worthington, occasionally preached for 
them, and for some time previous to the erection of the 
stone church on Broad street, which was about the year 
1832 or 1833, the meetings were held in a one-story 
frame building on Third street, between Town and Rich. 

In 1842, the church divided, and part formed into a 
new organization under the name of Saint Paul's Epis- 
copal, and erected a good brick church edifice at the 



380 HISTORY OF 

corner of Third and Mound streets. The first regu- 
larly settled pastor in the Trinity Church was in 1831. 

SUCCESSIVE PASTORS. 

Hev. Wm. Preston, commenced 1831, retired 1841. 



" Charles Fox, " 


1841, 


u 


1842. 


« A. F. Dobb, 


1842, 


a 


1846. 


« Dudley A. Tyng, " 


1847, 


a 


1850. 


u Wm. Preston, " 


1850, 


a 


1854. 


" Charles Reynolds, " 


1855. 







Number of members in 1857, one hundred and fifty- 
eight. 

PRESENT OFFICERS. 

Pastor — Rev. Charles Reynolds. 
Wardens — A. II. Pinney,* II. P. Smythe. 
Vestry — J. R. Swan, J. W. Andrews, Wm. Dennison, 
jr., Thos. Sparrow, James A. Wilcox. 
Secretary — H. P. Smythe. 

Saint Paul's Episcopal. — This church was organized 
in 1842, and soon after they erected the brick edifice at 
the corner of Third and Mound streets. The church was 
composed principally of members who withdrew from 
Trinity Church and formed a new organization under 
the name of Saint Paul's Episcopal Church. 

Number of members in 1857, forty-five. 

* Mr. Pinney died in Oct. 1857, after this list of officers was made. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 381 

Their successive pastors have been, Rev. Henry L. 
Richards, Rev. A. M. Loutrell, Rev. William C. French, 
Rev. Thomas P. Tyler, Rev. Mr. Kellogg, Rev. N. Irish, 
Rev. James A. M. La Tourrette, Rev. James L. Grover, 
March, 1858. 

UNIVERSALIST SOCIETY OF COLUMBUS. 

Universalist preaching was first introduced into Co- 
lumbus about the year 1837. Rev. A. A. Davis, of 
Delaware County, was the first regular preacher of that 
denomination who ministered to the people of this place. 
He held his meetings in the United States Court House, 
and continued from one to two years, occasionally 
assisted by other of his brethren of the same denomina- 
tion. He was succeeded by the Rev. Mr. Saddler, who 
continued also some one or two years, and held his 
meetings in the same place. 

There was then an interim of some one or two 
years without any regular preacher, when the Rev. Mr. 
Abel was employed to minister to the society, and he 
continued only half a year, and was succeeded by Rev. 
Mr. Anderson, who continued about the same length of 
time, and was succeeded by Rev. George Rogers a short 
time. During this time the meetings were held in a 
rented room in Mr. Buttles's building at the corner of 
High and Rich streets. 



382 HISTORY OF 

Up to this time there was no regularly organized 
society. In March, 1845, the society organized under 
" An act to incorporate sundry churches therein 
named," by the name of the " Universalist Society of 
Columbus," and appointed John Greenwood, John Field, 
James W. Osgood, Demas Adams, and William Bam- 
brough, the first Board of Trustees. They first ob- 
tained the services of Rev. Mr. Eaton a few months; and 
then Rev. Nelson Doolittle, of Akron, Ohio, was 
employed as pastor of the society. His term com- 
menced in October, 1845. The society had then pur- 
chased from the German Saint Paul's Church their lot 
and old frame church on Third street, which served for 
a time, until in 1846, it was removed, and the present 
church building erected on the same site. 

In the fall of 1851, Mr. DooHttle resigned his charge, 
and the society passed complimentary resolutions, stat- 
ing that, " he had for six years served them ably and 
faithfully," and recommending him " to the kind regard 
of the brethren among whom he might thereafter reside." 

In the spring of 1852, the sendees of the Bev. N. M. 
Gaylord, then of Lowell, Massachusetts, were secured, 
and he removed to Columbus, took the pastoral charge 
of the congregation, and continued till the fall of 1854, 
when, having received a call from Boston, he removed 
back thither. During part of the year of 1855, the 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 383 

Rev. M. Gilford, and then the Rev. Mr. Upson were en- 
gaged temporarily, as pastors ; and during the winter of 
1855 and '56, the Rev. Mr. Haws, in like manner, offi- 
ciated. Since the fall of 1856, the Rev. H. R. Nye, 
formerly of Brooklyn, New York, has very ably filled 
the office of pastor. At the organization of the society 
in 1845, they numbered thirty-eight members; their 
number now, in April, 1858, is about ninety. 

PRESENT ORGANIZATION. 

Pastor — Rev. H. R. Nye. 

Trustees — John Noble, John Field, F. C. Kelton, II. 
H. Kimball, J. H. Riley. 

BAPTIST CHURCH. 

The first Baptist Church in Columbus was organized 
in 1825 — Rev. George Jeffries, Pastor. Their first 
church building was erected about the year 1830, on the 
east side of Front street, between Friend and Mound. 
It was a plain, one-story brick building, which was after- 
ward used by Dr. Curtis for his Medical College, and 
was then converted into a dwelling house, and is still 
standing, and used as such. About the year 1834, the 
Rev. Mr. Cressey came from the east to this place as a 
missionary, and was soon engaged as the regular pastor 
of the Baptist Church of Columbus. During his time, 



384 HISTORY OF 

in 1836, the present church building, at the corner 
of Rich and Third streets, was erected. He left about 
the year 1842, and was succeeded by Rev. Daniel El- 
dridge, who continued some three or four years, when 
he was succeeded by Rev. Mr. Cheney, who continued 
until he gave place to the Rev. Henry Davis, who enter- 
ed upon his pastoral duties in February, 1853. 

Number of members in 1857, three hundred and two. 

PRESENT OFFICERS. 

Pastor — Rev. Henry Davis, D. D. 

Trustees — Orsamus Allen, Wm. W. Mather, Thomas 
Roberts, Leonard L. Smith, Jeffrey Powell, Nathan Da- 
vis, Oliver P. Hines. 

GERMAN LUTHERAN REFORMED. 

Organized in 1821. Their first house of worship was 
a frame building, on Third street, where the Universalist 
Church now stands. In 1843 and '44 they erected their 
large brick edifice at the corner of High and Mound 
streets. In 1856 it was destroyed by fire ; but was 
soon rebuilt again. This society was for a time known 
by the name of " Saint Paul's Church." 

Their successive Pastors have been — 

Rev. Charles Hinkle, commenced 1821. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 385 

Rev. Wm. Schmidt, professor, commenced about 1829 
—died in 1839. 

Rev. Charles F. Schaffer, commenced in 1840. 

Rev. Conrad Mees (present pastor), commenced in 
1843. 

Number of members in 1857, reported at five hun- 
dred. 

THE GERMAN REFORMED 

Was organized May 1, 1846, by Rev. Hiram Shall, 
and soon after erected their brick church building, on 
Town street, between Fourth and Fifth. The successive 
pastors have been — 

Rev. A. P. Freese, commenced October 1846 — retired 
in 1849. 

Rev. George Williard, commenced 1850 — retired in 
1855. 

Rev. Henry Williard, commenced 1857. 

Number of members in 1857, thirty-five. 

TRINITY GERMAN EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN. 

Organized 28th of January, 1848. They for a time 

held their meetings in Mechanics' Hall, then in the 

church on Mound street, near Third. In 1856 and '57, 

they erected their large church edifice, one hundred and 

25 



386 HISTORY OF 

five feet in length, by fifty-seven wide, at the corner of 
Third and South streets — George Kannemacher, builder. 
The corner stone was laid July 28, 1856, and the 
building was dedicated December 20, 1857. The Rev. 
Wm. F. Lehman was pastor from the beginning. 

PRESENT ORGANIZATION. 

Pastor — Rev. William F. Lehman. 
Elders — William Knoderer, Jacob Anthony. 
Deacons — F. Voltz, A. Adam, F. Abbe, Wm. Koch. 
Secretary — Philip Schmeltz. 
Treasurer — J. Gruebler. 

Number of members in 1857, reported at three hun- 
dred. 

GERMAN EVANGELICAL PROTESTANTS. 

Organized and erected their church, on Mound street, 
about the year 1842 or '43. 

First pastor, Rev. Mr. Pegeman. 
Second " " Robert Clemen. 
Third, and present, Rev. Mr. Graff. 

GERMAN EVANGELICAL CHURCH. 

This is an organization formed in the early part of 
the year 1858. Their meetings are held at Mechanics' 
Hall. Rev. Robert Clemen, Pastor. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 387 



ROMAN CATHOLIC. 



Holy Cross. — Organized in 1833, and soon after 
erected a small stone church, on Fifth street, between 
Rich and Town, which served to hold their religious 
worship in until the large brick edifice was erected, close 
by it, in 1845 and '46, when the little stone church was 
converted into a school house. Rev. Mr. Borgess, priest. 

Number of members reported in 1857, three thousand. 

St. Patrick's. — Organized in 1852, and soon after 
erected their brick church, in the north-east part of the 
city. 

Early in the fall of 1857, the Rev. Mr. Meagher, who 
had been their pastor for several years, was, by the 
Bishop, transferred to Cincinnati, and the place is now 
filled by Rev. Mr. Fitzgerald, priest. 

Number of members reported in 1857, fifteen hun- 
dred. 

Evangelical Association. — Organized in 1857, by 
Rev. John Barnhard. Place of worship on Third street, 
near South Public Lane. Number of members in 1857, 
fourteen. 

Colored Baptists — Sometimes called the Second 
Baptist Church. — Was organized in 1840, and soon after 



388 HISTORY, ETC. 

they erected a pretty good brick church edifice on Gay 
street, between Third and Fourth. Their number is now 
reported at one hundred and three. The office of pas- 
tor is at present vacant. 

Anti Slavery Baptists, (Colored.) — Organized in 
1847. They have a brick church on Town street, be- 
tween Fifth and Sixth, erected some six or seven years 
since. They report their number of members at one 
hundred and four. James Poindexter, late pastor — office 
now vacant. 

Israelites, or Jews. — Organized in 1852. Place of 
worship in Siebert's building. Rev. S. T. Goodman, 
priest. Number of members, twenty-eight. 

Although this Chapter, such as could not be derived 
from books or records, was obtained from the best sour- 
ces, generally from the pastors themselves, or their 
church officers, it is not to be expected that the number 
of members was in all cases precisely correct ; or if it 
had been, it would not have remained so many days. It 
should be observed, also, that different churches have 
different rules, in regard to membership — some count 
all baptised children as members, while others do not. 
This may account for the very large numbers reported 
by the Catholic Churches. 



CHAPTER XXXVII. 

COLUMBUS CEMETERIES. 

North Graveyard — Prohibitory Ordinance of 1856 — Its Repeal, etc. 

— East Graveyard — Catholic Graveyard — Green Lawn Cemetery 

— Date of Incorporation — Pic Nic and Dedication, etc. 

There are four burying grounds that may properly 
be included under this head. First, the old North 
Graveyard ; second, the East Graveyard, or burying 
place; third, the Catholic burying ground; and fourth 
Green Lawn Cemetery. 

The North Graveyard, adjoining the north line of 
the city, was the first. One and a half acres of this lot 
was donated by the proprietors of Columbus on the 
second of July, 1813, for a " burial ground for the use 
of the citizens of Columbus," and commenced being 
used for that purpose soon after, though Mr. Kerr, who 
was authorized to make the deed of conveyance, did not 
do it until the 21st of April, 1821. He then conveyed 
it to "the Mayor and Council of the Borough of Colum- 
bus and their successors in office," — to be used solely as 



390 HISTORY OF 

a public burying ground, and for no other purpose, with 
a proviso, "that if the corporation should cease, or 
the ground from any cause should cease to be used 
for that purpose, it should revert to the grantors or 
their heirs." 

In February, 1830, William Doherty and wife con- 
veyed to the Mayor and Council of the Borough of 
Columbus about ten acres, partly surrounding the above, 
and making about eleven and a half acres in all. 

This purchase was made expressly for the enlarge- 
ment of the burying ground, (though not so expressed 
in the deed,) and was, by the Town Council, laid out 
into lots for that purpose — pretty uniform in size and 
shape, and the lots were sold by the town authorities, 
and a form of receipt and certificate of purchase was 
adopted and used in lieu of a deed, and signed by the 
Mayor. 

In October, 1845, John Brickell also added a strip of 
ground, twenty feet in width, along the north side of 
the above grounds, which he laid out into lots, and con- 
veyed direct to the purchasers — the corporation having 
no title to, or control over them. 

These three pieces of ground are now all enclosed by 
a good board fence, embracing near twelve acres, and 
constitute what is generally called the North Grave- 
yard. This burying place, with the exception of Brick- 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 391 

ell's lots, has always been under the control of the 
Town or City Council, and they have always appointed 
one of their own body a kind of special committee man, 
or superintendent, to keep the plat of the grounds, 
make sale of the lots, and receive the pay therefor, and 
also a sexton to attend to the digging of graves, his 
compensation being defined by ordinance. 

A part of the ground, however, being set off for that 
purpose, was free for the use of any one without charge. 
And another part was designated for, and sold to, col- 
ored persons on the same terms as to whites. 

On the 21st of July, 1856, the City Council at- 
tempted to prohibit burials in this graveyard, making it 
a penal offense to use the lots for the very purpose that 
they had themselves sold them. The following is a 
copy of the ordinance passed on that occasion : 

" Sec. 1. Be it ordained and enacted hi/ the City 
Council of Columbus. That it shall be unlawful to 
deposit or bury any dead person in any graveyard 
within the present corporate limits of said city, or in 
the enclosure commonly known as the North Graveyard. 

" Sec 2. Any person or society of persons violating 
any provision of this ordinance, shall, on conviction 
thereof, before the Mayor, be fined the sum of twenty- 
five dollars and the costs of prosecution. 



392 HISTORY OF 

" Sec. 3. This ordinance to be in force from and after 
the first day of November, 1856." 

This act of the Council created, to say the least of it, 
a general surprise, and several communications express- 
ive of that surprise immediately appeared in the 
newspapers of the city ; and on the 18th of August, in 
the same year, the ordinance was repealed. 

The East Graveyard, situate on the Livingston road, 
so called, about a mile and a half east of the Court 
House, contains eleven and a quarter acres, and was 
conveyed to the City of Columbus by Matthew King 
and wife, in the year 1839, without specification or 
restriction as to its uses. It was, however, bought for 
the express purpose of a burying ground, and part of 
it was laid out into family lots, and sold and conveyed 
similar to those in the North Graveyard. 

The Catholic Burying Ground, situate in the north- 
easterly part of the city limits, contains three and a 
quarter acres, and was, on the 11th of September, 1848, 
conveyed by Peter Ury and wife, to " John Baptist 
Purcell, Roman Catholic Bishop, of Cincinnati, Ohio, as 
such Bishop, as a burial ground, etc., and to his heirs 
and assigns forever — to be held by said Bishop in trust 
as a burying ground for the Roman Catholics of Colum- 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 393 

bus," though the ground had been used for this purpose 
some two or three years before the date of this deed. 

This location was objectionable to some of the resi- 
dents and property holders in that vicinity, and in the 
summer of 1856, they petitioned the City Council to 
prohibit further interments. The reasons assigned for 
asking the prohibition were, that the decomposition of 
the dead affected the water in the neighborhood — and 
that the said burying ground was a great objection to 
the settlement of the neighborhood and the improve- 
ment of the adjoining lots. This- petition doubtless led 
to the passage of the foregoing prohibitory ordinance, 
so far as related to this cemetery. 

Green Lawn Cemetery. — Although this cemetery is 
situated beyond the jurisdiction, and entirely independ- 
ent of the city authorities of Columbus, yet as the cor- 
porators and principal part of the stockholders reside in 
Columbus, it is proper to class it amongst, and indeed 
as the principal one of the Columbus cemeteries. It is 
situate in Franklin Township, about two and a half miles 
westward from Columbus. 

In March, 1848, an act was passed by the Legislature, 
incorporating Joseph Sullivant, William A. Piatt, Alfred 
P. Stone, William B. Thrall, Thomas Sparrow, A. C. 
Brown, William G. Deshler, and their associates, under 



394 HISTORY OF 

the name of u Green Lawn Cemetery of Columbus." In 
the spring of 1849, the first purchase of ground was 
made, and on the 23d of May, 1849, a public Pic Nic 
was held on the ground, which was numerously attended ; 
and a partial clearing off of part of the ground was 
effected, preparatory to the laying out of lots, etc.; and 
soon after some of the lots and avenues were laid out 
by Howard Daniels, engineer ; and on the 9th of July, 
1849, there was a formal dedication of the grounds on 
the premises ; the proceedings of which, together with 
the rules, regulations, etc., adopted by the Board of Trus- 
tees, form an interesting pamphlet. One or two subse- 
quent purchases of ground were made, until the associa- 
tion now owns about eighty-four acres in one body 
and in good shape. This Cemetery Association is gov- 
erned by a Board of seven Trustees, elected by the 
stockholders or lot owners. 

The first Board of Trustees, elected August 30, 1848, 
were W. B. Hubbard, Joseph Sullivant, Aaron F. Perry, 
Thomas Sparrow, Alfred P. Stone, Wm. B. Thrall, and 
John "W. Andrews. Alex. E. Glenn, clerk. 

Richard Woolley was employed as sexton or superin- 
tendent of the grounds, in 1849, and has been continued 
ever since. 

The Trustees keep an office in Columbus, where they 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 395 

hold monthly meetings, and where all the financial affairs 
of the association are attended 1o, and a register of all 
interments is kept by the Secretary. 

In the arrangement of the grounds, irregularity or 
variety seems to have been one object aimed at. The 
sections all vary in size and shape ; the lots also vary 
in size from one hundred to twelve hundred square feet, 
and all kinds of shapes ; and the improvements vary 
according to the taste of the lot owners. The lots are 
kept . clean and in neat order, which shows not only a 
becoming respect for departed friends, but strips the 
place of half its gloom. 

There are a number of costly and elegant monuments 
erected here, with impressive and appropriate inscrip- 
tions, dictated by surviving friends. But there is per- 
haps only one that was prepared by the tenant of the 
tomb, while living, and that is on the head stone of our 
old and esteemed fellow-citizen, Jeremiah Miner — an 
old bachelor, somewhat eccentric in character, and who 
had been a man of considerable wealth, but had become 
reduced by too freely accommodating his friends. He 
died at Sandusky, in Wyandot County, and was brought 
to Green Lawn for burial. He had prepared the inscrip- 
tion for his grave stone, leaving only a blank for the day 
of his death to be inserted. It is as follows : 



396 HISTORY OF 

" JEREMIAH MINER, 

Born in Massachusetts, 

On the fifteenth of November, 1780. 

I owed the world nothing ; 
It owed me a small amount ; 
But on the 4th of March, 1854, 
We balanced all accounts." 

In the summer of 1856, a question arose as to the 
propriety of selling lots to colored persons, and thereby 
admitting them as members of the association; and by 
order of the trustees, the following circular was address- 
ed to each of the stockholders : 

"Office of Green Lawn Cemetery,) 
Columbus, Sept. 15, 1856. j 

"Please attend a meeting of the stockholders of 
Green Lawn Cemetery Association, at their office, corner 
of Friend and Front streets, on Thursday, October 2d, 
at 3 o'clock, P. M. 

" The object of the meeting is to determine as to the 
expediency of setting apart a section of our grounds for 
the burial of colored persons. 

" Should your engagements be such as to prevent 
your attendance, please indorse your preference upon 
the back of this notice. Say 'Opposed;' or, 'In fa- 
vor,' as the case may be, subscribe your name, and re- 
turn to this office by the day of meeting. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 397 

" The Board of Trustees are desirous of a full expres- 
sion from the stockholders upon this question, as a guide 
for their future action. 
" By order of the Board. 

" Very respectfully, 

« , Sec'y." 

Of these circulars distributed through the post office, 
to the number of three hundred, and forty, only one 
hundred and eleven were returned appropriately indors- 
ed, and they were — " In favor," twenty ; " Opposed " 
ninety-one. There being so large a majority of those 
who voted opposed, the question was considered as set- 
tled, at least for the present, against selling lots to col- 
ored persons. 

The first burial in this Cemetery was a child of A. F. 
Perry, Esq., on the 7th of July, 1849 ; the second was 
Dr. B. F. Gard, on the 12th of the same month. On the 
1st of January, 1858, the Secretary reported that there 
had been 1,079 burials to that date, of which two hun- 
dred and forty-seven were removals from other burying 
grounds. 

The present Board of Trustees are : Win. A. Piatt, 
Pres't ; Wm, T. Martin, Sec'y ; Thos. Sparrow, Treas'r ; 
Joseph Sullivant, Dr. W. E. Ide, Robert Hume, John 
Greenleaf. Richard Woolley, sexton and superintendent 
on the ground. 



CHAPTER XXXVIII. 

LITERARY INSTITUTIONS. 

German Theological Seminary — Capital University — Starling Medical 
College — Esther Institute — Common Schools, etc. 

THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY AND CAPITAL UNIVERSITY. 

In 1830, the German Theological Seminary of the 
Lutheran Church, was located in Columbus. Its founder 
and first professor was the late Rev. Wm. Schmidt, who 
for several years labored for its establishment without 
remuneration, and for the residue of his incumbency as 
professor, up to his death in 1839, at a merely nominal 
salary. By the exertions and under the agency of 
Judge C. Heyl, some $3,000 were contributed by the 
citizens of Columbus, for the purchase of the site, etc., 
at the south end of the town ; and the residue was do- 
nated by members of the Lutheran Church, throughout 
Ohio and Pennsylvania. The Seminary was chartered 
by the Legislature, January 30, 1834, and still exists 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 399 

under the same charter, as the Theological Department 
of Capital University. Its principal buildings were 
erected in 1833. Hon. G. Swan delivered the address 
on the laying of the corner stone. This property, south 
of the town, was sold by the Board to Mr. P. Hayden, 
in 1851, and some $16,000 was donated by it towards 
building Capital University ; into which the Seminary 
has apparently merged, though each institution still re- 
tains its separate endowments, and has its separate Board 
of Trustees. 

Capital University had its origin in a resolution of 
the Board of Trustees of the Theological Seminary of 
the Lutheran Synod of Ohio and adjacent States, adop- 
ted in December, 1849. On the 7th of March, 1850, 
it was chartered by the Legislature. Its present Presi- 
dent is Rev. Prof. W. F. Lehman, who is also the head 
of the Theological Department. Dr. L. Goodale, who 
donated the present site, north of the city, and one 
thousand dollars towards erecting the buildings, is the 
President of the Board of Trustees. The buildings 
were erected in 1852 and '53, and opened Sept. 14, 
1853, on which occasion addresses were delivered by^ 
Hon. Win. H. Seward and Rev. Dr. Stohlman, of New 
York. 

The present Faculty are, Professors Lehman, Worley, 
Wormley and Loy. 



400 HISTORY OF 



STARLING MEDICAL COLLEGE. 



This Institution was chartered at the session of 1847 
and '48. A lot was then procured and other prepara- 
tions made, and in the spring of 1849, the building was 
commenced — Mr. R. A. Sheldon, architect. At the cer- 
emonies of laying the corner-stone, Dr. Hoge delivered 
an address suited to the occasion. The work progressed 
regularly under the direction of Mr. Sheldon ; and in 
the fall of 1850, the building was ready for the recep- 
tion of students. The first session of lectures was 
opened and held during the winter of 1850 and 1851. 
The building at this time had cost about $45,000 ; of 
which Lyne Starling, Esq., one of the original proprie- 
tors of the town, generously donated $35,000. The 
building, however, in all its parts, was not completed 
until some years after. The total cost has been about 
$55,000, being $20,000 over the Starling donation ; of 
which last sum of $20,000, the Faculty advanced 
$13,000, and citizens the balance. 

Since the organization of the Institution, there have 
been about 1,200 students in attendance. 

The building is situated at the corner of State and 
Sixth streets. The material of which it is composed, is 
brick, with a large proportion of ornamental cut stone. 
Its Greatest length is one hundred and thirty-five feet, 






il[ /; \.WV l iii. 11 , :■, 

I'-li.'*" 'i'i 1 .,, r '''mI'i'i' .' Ill XL 

l !i| l! ^fc' , '. ; %.i'i:!"v 

iiiiii 







i ! i'il S^ii 'I! t i'i 

Li 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 401 

and its height to the top of the tower, is about one 
hundred and thirty-eight feet. Its arrangement is said 
to be well adapted to the purposes for which it was de- 
signed ; and its outward appearance is admired by the 
lovers of modern architecture. 

The present officers of the Institution are — 

President — William S. Sullivant. 

Secretary — Francis Carter. 

Trustees — Wm. S. Sullivant, Esq., R. W. McCoy, Esq., 
Samuel M. Smith, M. D., Francis Carter, M. D., Hon. 
Jos. R. Swan, John W. Andrews, Esq., Dr. L. Goodale. 

FACULTY. 

S. M. Smith, M. D., Professor of Theory and Practice, 
and Dean. 

Francis Carter, M. D., Professor of Obstetrics, and 
Diseases of Women and Children. 

John Dawson, M. D., Professor of Anatomy and Phys- 
iology.. 

J. W. Hamilton, M. D., Professor of Surgery. 

S. Loving, M. D., Professor of Materia Medica, The- 
rapeutics and Medical Jurisprudence. 

Theo. G. Wormley, M. D., Professor of Chemistry. 

R. N. Barr, M. D., Demonstrator of Anatomy. 

ESTHER INSTITUTE. 

This institution was opened in a private building on 
26 



402 HISTORY OF 

Rich street, in October, 1852, with twenty-one pupils. 
Its present splendid and commodious building on Broad 
street was erected in 1853, and opened the 28th of 
September, of that year. It now numbers near one 
hundred and fifty pupils, of whom about one third are 
non-residents of Columbus. It is under the exclusive 
management of L. Heyl, Esq., its founder. 

COMMON SCHOOLS. 

The first attempt to introduce the common school 
system in Ohio, was the passage of a law on the 22d of 
January, 1821, entitled, "An act to provide for the reg- 
ulation and support of common schools." Then on the 
5th of February, 1825, " An act to provide for the sup- 
port and better regulation of common schools," was 
passed, and on the 30th of January, 1827, an act was 
passed entitled "An act to establish a fund for the sup- 
port of common schools." About this time the system 
was first reduced to practice in Columbus. 

On the 21st of November, 1826, the first school 
meeting under the act of 1825, for the district com- 
posed of the whole town plat, and part of the township, 
was held at the old Presbyterian Church on Front 
street — Orris Parish, Chairman, and Wm. T. Martin, 
Secretary ; at which meeting Dr. P. Sisson, Rev. C. 
Hinkle, and William T. Martin, Esq., were chosen 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 403 

directors. A Mr. Smith was employed as teacher. 
For some years the school funds were too limited to 
support a school more than about one quarter in a jeav. 

In 1830, John Warner, C. Heyl, and William St. 
Clair, were chosen directors. In 1831, Wm. McElvain, 
Horton Howard, and Nathaniel McLean, directors. In 
1832, J. M. C. Hasseltine was first employed as teacher. 

In 1836, at a public school meeting, it was resolved 
that the directors should cause two schools to be 
opened at the same time, one to be taught by a male 
teacher for the instruction of the advanced scholars, and 
the other by a female for the instruction of young child- 
ren. There were then no public school houses, and the 
schools were kept in rented rooms, and were not 
properly classified, and no regular or uniform course 
of instruction was pursued. 

On the 3d of February, 1845, a law was enacted 
authorizing the election of six directors to constitute 
the " Board of Education of Columbus," to whom is 
committed the management of all the public schools in 
the city. Two members of this Board are elected annual- 
ly, to hold their offices for three years. By the same act, 
the City Council were authorized to appoint three ex- 
aminers of teachers. 

Three school house lots having been purchased, in the 
spring of 1846, the people of the city decided by a 



404 HISTORY OF 

vote of seven hundred and seventy-six to three hundred 
and twenty-three, to levy a tax of $8,000, for the 
erection of school houses. Three brick buildings, 
containing six rooms each, were erected, and the schools 
were commenced in them on the 21st of July, 1847. 
Previous to organizing the schools under this late reg- 
ulation, the Board appointed a Superintendent, to whom 
they intrusted the general direction of the course of 
study and instructions in all the schools, and who 
entered on the duties of his office on the loth of May, 
1847. 

The schools are divided into four grades, Primary, 
Secondary, Grammar and High ; and the scholars are 
classified in each with reference to their advancement in 
the prescribed studies. 

In 1852, the building for the German School was 
erected, and in 1852 and 1853, the High School build- 
ing, on State street, was erected. The Board of Educa- 
tion in their report of July 1853, say : The cost of the 
school buildings, exclusive of the ground, may be stated 
as follows : 

Central building for High School, 60 by 70 feet, three stories 

above the basement, estimated at $15,000 

Three houses erected in 1846, 187 by 24 feet 12,000 

German school house, 70 by 32 feet 3,000 

Total for five buildings $30,000 

Since which there have been several thousand dol- 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 



405 



lars expended, enlarging the north and south school 
houses. 

The free school system had its friends and its op- 
posers from the first. The opposition, however, grad- 
ually gave way, until now, the system generally has no 
opposers. But there are those who very seriously 
doubt the propriety of that part of the plan embracing 
the High School, which continues about one-twentieth 
of the scholars four years longer in school than the 
other nineteen-twentieths, and that in a costly school, too, 
while the parents of the nineteen-twentieths are an- 
nually taxed to give a superior education to the favored 
one-twentieth. 

The following is the number of teachers, aggregate 
of salaries, and average daily attendance of scholars for 
the ten years ending June 30, 1857 : 



Year. 


Number of 
Teachers. 


Aggregate of 
Salaries. 


Average Daily 
Attendance. 


1848 


15 
19 
20 
21 
23 
24 
32 
38 
38 
40 




798 


1849 




940 


1850 




1075 


1851 




1107 


1852 
1853 
1854 
1855 
1856 
1857 


$8,104 74 
8,475 00 
10,530 96 
16,292 05 
16,173 62 
16,169 16 


1100 
1224 
1348 
1575 
1533 
1442 



406 HISTORY, ETC. 

SUPERINTENDENTS. 

Dr. A. D. Lord, appointed 1847 — resigned July, 1856. 
E. D. Kingsley, A. M., appointed 1856. 

There are also several respectable private schools in 
the city. 



CHAPTER XXXIX. 



LADIES' BENEVOLENT SOCIETY AND MECHANICS' BENEFICIAL 

SOCIETY. 



THE FEMALE BENEVOLENT SOCIETY OF COLUMBUS 

Was organized by a meeting held for that purpose at 
the Town street Methodist Church, in January, 1835. 
The object of its formation was to devise and carry out 
a systematic plan for the temporary relief of the poor. 
It was expressly provided in the constitution, that the 
relief administered should be given in such a manner as 
to encourage industry, and independent exertions for 
support. " The sick, the old and infirm, widows, and 
very young and destitute children, were to be the first 
objects of attention." This society was organized as a 
union society, and has always continued to have mem- 
bers from all denominations ; any female of good char- 
acter being permitted to join, on paying her annual sub- 
scription. 

The city was divided into wards and districts, to each of 
which visitors were assigned, whose duty was to inspect 



408 HISTORY OF 

personally all cases coming to her knowledge, and re- 
lieve them. 

The first officers elected were, Mrs. James Hoge, 
Pres't; Mrs. E. W. Sehon, Vice Pres't; Mrs. N. II. 
Swayne, Treas'r ; Miss M. Kelley, Sec'y. The original 
number of members w r as one hundred and seven. The 
society thus organized, has continued to carry out its 
original design from that time to the present. 

In 1836, the managers of the society, observing the 
large number of children destitute of the means of edu- 
cation, at the suggestion of the President, Mrs. Dalton, 
took steps to establish a free school ; which was opened 
in a rented room. Subsequently, a small lot on Fouith 
street, was donated to them by Hon. Alfred Kelley, on 
which a small school house was afterwards erected by 
contributions of citizens, and under the supervision of 
Mr. P. B. Wilcox, Mr. Dwight Woodbury, and Mr. Jo- 
seph Rid g way, jr. 

This school was continued until the present system 
of public schools was matured, about the year 1855 or 
1856. The building and lot were subsequently sold 
for $500, and the money placed at interest, to add to 
the yearly income of the society. 

The following persons have held successively the office 
of President : Mrs. Hoge, Mrs. Gen. Patterson, Mrs. 
Dalton, Mrs. T. R. Cressey, Mrs. Win. Preston, Mrs. I. G. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 409 

Dryer, Mrs. Dr. Lord, Mrs. J. L. Bates. Mrs. Dryer 
held the office for many years, and was a most efficient 
officer. The offices of Secretary and Treasurer were 
filled most faithfully for eleven years by Miss Mary E. 
Stewart, afterwards Mrs. Joseph Geiger. 

Among the most active and efficient visitors from the 
original organization may be found the names of Mrs. 
Gen. Patterson, Mrs. Demas Adams, Mrs. Bailhache, Mrs. 
J. M. Espy, Mrs. Wm. Neil, Mrs. Joel Buttles, Mrs. Al- 
fred Kelley, Mrs. J. N. Champion, Mrs. Chittenden, Mrs. 
Asbury, Mrs. Dr. Awl, Mrs. Dr. Edmiston, etc., etc. 

The officers of the society for the present year, 1858, 
are Mrs. J. L. Bates, Pres't ; Mrs. Wm. Neil, Vice Pres't ; 
Mrs. Samuel Galloway, Treas'r ; Mrs. A. P. Stone, Sec'y 
The income of the society amounts at present to between 
8600 and $700 annually, all of which is expended. 
This fund is derived from subscriptions from members, 
and annual donations from gentlemen, from interest on 
permanent fund, and from collections in churches. 

mechanics' beneficial society. 

In 1830, a number of the mechanics of Columbus 
formed themselves into a society, which, on the 9th of 
March, 1831, was incorporated by the name of the 
" Mechanics' Beneficial Society of Columbus." The in- 
corporators named in the act, were P. II. Olmsted, M. R. 



410 HISTORY OF 

Spurgeon, Jonathan Neereamer and C. Love, and their 
associates — the object of the society being the advance- 
ment of the best interests of mechanics, manufacturers 
and artisans, by a more general diffusion of knowledge, 
and for the purpose of more conveniently and effectually 
affording relief to unfortunate members. The act of in- 
corporation constituted P. II. Olmsted, President, M. R. 
Spurgeon, John Haver, Jonathan Neereamer and Charles 
Love, the first Board of Trustees. The society held 
their business meetings either in some public office or 
rented room, until 1841, when they leased part of a lot 
at the corner of High and Rich streets, and in 1842, 
erected the building known as "Mechanics' Hall." This 
was done by voluntary contributions of the members, 
and other citizens. About this time, the society was in 
a flourishing condition, and numbered over one hundred 
members. 

Agreeably to the amended constitution and by-laws, 
adopted September 2, 1856, any new member, when ad- 
mitted, must pay an initiation fee of not less than fifteen 
nor more than thirty dollars, according to his age ; no 
one is admitted at an age over forty-five years. Each 
member must pay a monthly due of thirty-three and a 
third cents, and one dollar extra at the death of any 
benefit member. 

Any person having been a member of the society 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 411 

nine months, is considered a benefit member; and in case 
of sickness so as to be incapable of performing manual 
labor, or attending to his ordinary business, from any 
unavoidable casualty, shall be entitled to three dollars 
per week, out of the funds of the society, during such 
disability : And in case of the death of any benefit 
member, his widow or heirs are entitled to from fifty to 
three hundred dollars, out of the funds of the society, 
in proportion to the length of time the deceased had 
been a member. 

The number of members in 1856 was reduced to 
thirty-three. 

OFFICERS OF THE SOCIETY FOR 1857. 

President — Vacant. 
Vice President — James Stephens. 
Secretary — J. P. Bruck. 
Treasurer — Jeffrey Powell. 

Trustees — John Otstot, J. P. Bruck, Thomas Roberts 
Andrew Sites, William Herd. 



CHAPTER XL. 

STATE BENEVOLENT INSTITUTIONS. 

Deaf and Dumb Asylum — Lunatic Asylum — Blind Asylum — Idiot 
Asylum. 

DEAF AND DUMB ASYLUM. 

On the 38th of January, 1827, an act was passed to 
" establish an Asylum for the education of deaf and 
dumb persons," and Hon. Gustavus Swan and Rev. 
James Iloge, of Franklin, Hon. Thomas Ewing, of Fair- 
field, Rev. William Graham, of Ross, Rev. William -Bur- 
ton, of Pickaway, John James, Esq., of Champaign, 
Wm. D. Webb, Esq., of Trumbull, and Sampson Mason, 
Esq., of Clark, were appointed by said act, together with 
the Governor, who ' was, ex officio, President of the 
Board, the first Trustees. 

They procured the services of II. N. Hubbell, Esq., to 
take charge of the school, which opened on the 16th of 
November, 1829, and at first consisted of only three 
pupils. At the close of the term, July, 1830, the number 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 413 

had reached nine, and it soon after filled up to the num- 
ber twenty or thirty. A son of Captain George W. 
Williams and a son of Judge Flenniken were among 
the first. 

For some two or three years the school was kept in 
a rented room — part of the time on the lot now 
occupied by Dr. Gay, on Front street, north of Broad. 
Mr. Ilubbell was then a young man, and had been en- 
gaged for some time in teaching a common school in 
Columbus, but had, during the agitation of this asylum 
enterprise, left his school and gone to the East and 
spent some eighteen months at the American Asylum, 
Hartford, Connecticut, qualifying himself for a teacher 
of the language of signs, in which he succeeded 
admirably ; and he made both an efficient teacher and 
a popular Superintendent.* 

In the years 1833 and 1834, the original part of the 
present asylum buildings was erected, and the institu- 
tion removed thither. The building has been several 
times enlarged, and the number of pupils has in- 
creased with the capacity of the building to accom- 
modate them. For the last few years the number has 
generally ranged at from one hundred and fifty to one 
hundred and sixty. 

* Mr. Ilubbell died in Columbus in January, 1857. 



414 



HISTORY OF 



SUCCESSIVE SUPERINTENDENTS. 

Horatio N. Hubbell, appointed 1829 — retired 1851. 
Rev. J. Addison Gary, " 1851 " 1852. 

Rev. Collins Stone, " 1852 (still in office.) 

PHYSICIANS. 

Dr. Robert Thompson, appointed 1833 — retired, 1857. 
<•' S. M. Smith, " 1857. 

STEWARDS. 

George Gobey, appointed 1843 — retired in 1846. 

Samuel Cutler, " 1846 " 1852. 

N. W. Smith, " 1852 " 1852. 

Isaac H. Roston, " 1852 — died in 1854. 

Hiram Weaver, " 1854 " 1856. 

Geo. W. Wakefield, " 1856 (still in office.) 

NAMES AND SALARIES OF OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES. 

Names. Occupations. Salaries. 

Superintendent, . . . $1,200 

Instructor, 1,000 

900 

800 

800 

700 

800 



Rev. Collins Stone, 
Roswell H. Kinney, 
William E. Tyler, . 
John M. Francis, . 
Geo. L. Weed, jr., . 
Benj. Talbott, . . 
Danforth E. Ball,* 



* Mr. Ball died in April, 1857. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 415 

Name?. Occupa:ions. Salaries. 

Fisher A. Spofford, 



Plumb M. Park, . 
Robert Thompson, 
Geo. W. Wakefield, 
M. J. Westervelt, 
Mary Swan, . . 



Instructor, $800 

800 

Physician, 200 

Steward, 500 

Matron, 300 

Assistant Matron, . . 200 



And about a dozen others, male and female, receiving 
monthly or weekly wages. 

LUNATIC ASYLUM. 

At the Legislative session of 1834-5, an act was 
passed to establish a Lunatic Asylum for the State of 
Ohio, and Dr. Samuel Parsons and Dr. William M. Awl, 
of Columbus, and Gen. Samuel JF. McCracken, of Lan- 
caster, were appointed Directors under the law for the 
erection, etc., of the necessary buildings. And on the 
30th of November, 1838, the buildings were so far com- 
pleted as to admit the first patient. 

Pursuant to an act of the 13th of March, 1838, Dr. 
Samuel Parsons, Col. Samuel Spangler, Adin G. Hibbs, 
Esq., N. II. Swayne, Esq., and Dr. David L. McGugin, 
were appointed Directors, whose duty it was to appoint 
a Superintendent, etc., and Dr. Wm. M. Awl received 
the appointment. 



416 HISTORY OF 

In the years 1844, 1845 and 1846, the additional 
wings to the building were erected and completed. 
Dr. Awl, in his report of December 1, 1846, thus de- 
scribes the whole structure : 

" It is a stupendous pile of brick and stone work, 
which presents an imposing appearance. The structure 
faces the south. It is a quadrangular, and measures 
376 feet in front, by 218 feet in depth. The buildings 
cover just one acre of ground, and enclose an area of 1864 
square yards. The main center building is three stories 
and an attic in height above the basement. The wings 
and new buildings are each three stories ; and a walk 
through all its different passages and galleries exceeds 
one mile. It contains rising 5,200,000 bricks, and 
something like 50,000 feet of cut stone. The entire 
cost to the State was about $150,000, including the 
amount of work done by the convicts of the Ohio Pen- 
itentiary, which constituted a large item in the ac- 
count." 

SUCCESSIVE SUPERINTENDENTS. 

Dr. Win. M. Awl, appointed in 1838 — retired, 1850. 

" Samuel II. Smith, « 1850 " 1852. 

" E. Kendrick, " 1852 " 1854. 

« Geo. E. Eels, " 1854 « 1856. 

« R. Hills, « 1856. 



to* 



^1 fe\ * 




FRANKLIN COUNTY. 417 



ASSISTANT PHYSICIANS. 



)r. 


D. Chambers, jr., 


appointed in 1838 — 


- retired 1840. 


a 


S. M. Smith, 


a 


1840 


a 


1843. 


u 


R. J. Patterson, 


it 


1843 


a 


1848. 


a 


R. C. Hopkins, 


ii 


1848 


a 


1850. 


u 


S. Willey, 


ii 


1850 


a 


1852. 


tt 


0. C. Kendrick, 


ii 


1852 


a 


1854. 


tt 


A. McElwee, 


ii 


1854 


a 


1856. 


it 


L. Ely, 


ii 


1856. 







Various other medical gentlemen have held situations 
at the institution, generally denominated junior assist- 
ants, amongst whom were Robert H. Awl, T. P. McCul- 
lough, Joseph Sherborn, C. R. Price, C. Disney, Wm. R. 
Thrall, and R. Gundry. 





STEWARDS. 




Geo. S. Fullerton, 


appointed, 


1838 — 


■retired in 1849, 


B. B. Brown, 


it 


1849 


1851 


Jonathan Ream, 


a 


1851 


1852 


L. A. Curtis, 


a 


1852 - 


- died in 1853 


W. T. Criss, 


a 


1853 — 


- retired in 1856 


C. A. Barker, 


a 


1856. 






BLIND ASYLUM. 





This Institution was established by an act of the 
Legislature, passed at the session of 1836-37. The 

27 



418 HISTORY OF 

Rev. Dr. Hoge, N. II. Swayne, Esq., and Dr. Wm. M. 
Awl, were appointed the first Board of Trustees, to 
carry the provisions of the law for organizing and open- 
ing the school, into effect. They first secured the servi- 
ces of Mr. A. W. Penniman as a teacher, and rented 
rooms in the Eight Buildings, so called, on Town street, 
west of High ; and in July, 1837, the school was opened. 
It contained at first but five scholars, but they increased 
during the year to eleven. Measures were then soon 
taken to obtain a suitable site and buildings for the per- 
manent location of the Institution ; and the citizens of 
Columbus purchased and donated for that purpose the 
site, consisting of nine acres of land, about one mile 
east of High street, on which the Institution was estab- 
lished; and the main building was erected in 1838 and 
'39, at a cost of about $28,000, including furniture, fix- 
tures, etc., and was first occupied in October, 1839, with 
seventeen pupils. The following year, the number in- 
creased to thirty-six, and the next year to fifty. Since 
which the number has generally ranged from fifty to 
seventy. 

SUCCESSIVE SUPERINTENDENTS. 

A. W. Penniman, appointed July, 1837 — retired in 
1840. 

William Chapin, appointed in 1840 — retired in 1846. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 419 

A. W. Penniman, again, in 1846 — retired in 1848. 
Geo. McMillen, appointed in 1848— died in 1852. 
R E. Harte, " in 1852— retired in 1856. 

Dr. Asa D. Lord, « in 1856. 

PHYSICIANS. 

Dr. Wm. M. Awl, being one of the Trustees, for a 
time prescribed as physician. 
Dr. N. M. Miller. 
Dr. S. Parsons. 

Dr. R. L. Howard, appointed 1844 — retired 1852. 
Dr. John Dawson, « 1852 " 1856. 

Dr. R. J. Patterson, " 1856. 

STEWARDS. 

Mr. Isaac Dalton boarded the pupils, and served as 
steward from 1837 to 1840. 

When Mr. Chapin came into office as superintendent, 
he boarded the pupils himself, and dispensed w r ith a 
steward. 

James W. Watson, appointed in 1846 — retired, 1851. 

Thomas F. Jones, " 1851 « 1852. 

David Holton, " 1852 « 1855. 

James Carlisle, " 1856. 



420 HISTORY, ETC. 



IDIOT ASYLUM. 



This Institution was established by an act of the Leg- 
islature, passed April 17, 1857, entitled, "An act to es- 
tablish an asylum for the education of idiots and imbe- 
cile youth." It is governed by a Board of three Trus- 
tees, appointed by the Governor. They organized in 
the spring of 1857, and procured and fitted up build- 
ings on the national road, opposite the Blind Asylum, 
and opened their school there in the fall of the same 
year. On the first of November, the Trustees reported 
sixteen pupils already received ; of whom seven pay 
wholly or in part, and nine have been received as State 
pupils. 

The present officers of the Institution are — 

Trustees — Hon. Wm. Dennison, jr., Columbus; Hon. 
Asher Cook, Perrysburg ; N. S. Townsend, M. D., Avon. 

Superintendent — R. J. Patterson, M. D. 

Matron — Miss Emily C. Whitman. 

Teacher — Miss Julia B. Burbank. 



CHAPTER XLI. 



TRAGEDIES. 



Execution of Clark, etc. — Kidnapping of Jerry Finney — Murder of 
Parcels — Mrs. Slocura — B eebe — Foster — Kelley . 

OiN the 9th of February, 1844, William Clark and 
Esther Foster were executed. Clark was a white man, 
and Esther a black woman. They were both convicts in 
the penitentiary at the time they committed the mur- 
ders for which they were executed. Clark's offense was 
that of killing Cyrus Sells, one of the prison guards, at 
a single blow, with a cooper's axe. Esther's offense was 
that of beating a white female prisoner to death, with a 
fire shovel. The two murders were in no way connected, 
but happened within a few months of each other, and 
the prisoners were both tried and convicted at the same 
term of the court. The defense in Clark's case, was 
insanity. In the woman's case, that the killing was not 
premeditated, and consequently not murder in the first 
degree. Doubts were entertained by some whether 
either should have been convicted and executed — but 



422 HISTORY OF 

they both were. The gallows upon which they were 
executed, was erected on the low ground, at the south- 
west corner of Mound and Scioto streets, in Columbus. 
The occasion called together an immense crowd of peo- 
ple, both male and female, and it was a day of much 
noise, confusion, drunkenness and disorder. A well 
known citizen of the town, Mr. Sullivan Sweet, was 
pushed over in the crowd, and trampled on by a horse, 
which occasioned his death in a few hours. Many, how- 
ever, of the citizens of the town prudently refused to 
witness the scene. 

A good wax figure likeness of Clark is to be seen at 
Captain Walcutt's museum. 

In the spring of 1846, a case of kidnapping occurred 
at Columbus. On the 27th of March, after dark, Jerry 
Finney, a black man, who had resided in Columbus some 
fourteen or fifteen years, was decoyed over to the town 
of Franklinton, to the office of William Henderson, Esq., 
who was, at the time, an acting justice of the peace of 
Franklin Township. The necessary certificate, etc., 
having been previously prepared, Jerry was forthwith 
delivered over by the justice, in his official capacity, to 
the decoying party ; one of whom was Alexander C. 
Forbes, of Kentucky, who held a power of attorney 
from Mrs. Bathsheba D. Long, of Frankfort, Kentucky, 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 423 

to whom it was claimed that Jerry belonged, and owed 
service, as an escaped slave. Jerry begged for a fair 
trial, but in vain. He was immediately hand-cuffed, 
and put into a carriage, standing at the door for that 
purpose, and drove to Cincinnati, from thence to Ken- 
tucky, and delivered over to his former mistress. 

As Jerry was generally known by our citizens, (hav- 
ing been cook and general waiter or servant at most of 
our public houses,) his sudden disappearance from our 
midst, and the time and manner of his capture, created 
some excitement. And the following persons were ar- 
rested and held to bail to answer the charge of kidnap- 
ping : William Henderson, Esq., Jacob Armitage, Henry 
Henderson, Daniel A. Potter, and Daniel Zinn. 

At the July term, 1846, of the Court of Common 
Pleas of Franklin County, a true bill of indictment was 
found against all of the above named persons, together 
with Alexander C. Forbes, (the agent,) for the unlawful 
seizure, etc., of Jerry. 

At the following September term of said court, all of 
the defendants (except Forbes, who had not been arrest- 
ed,) were put upon trial. A. F. Perry, Esq., Prosecuting 
Attorney, and Win. Dennison, jr., conducting the prose- 
cution, and F. J. Matthews, Esq., and Col. N. H. Swayne, 
counsel for the defendants. 

The case occupied several days, and much interest 



424 HISTORY OF 

was manifested by those who were acquainted with the 
defendants, and with Jerry. During the progress of the 
trial, one of the jurors, Dr. George Richey, was taken 
sick, and unable to attend further at the court. At this 
juncture of the case, all of the defendants, as well as 
the State (by her counsel), agreed to proceed with the 
eleven remaining jurors. The case was ably conducted 
on both sides, and quite a large number of bills of ex- 
ceptions were taken by the defendants' counsel as to the 
rulings of the court. The jury retired, deliberated, and 
returned a verdict of guilty as to Esq. William Hender- 
son, and not guilty as to the remaining defendants. Esq. 
Henderson was then remanded to jail, and the other de- 
fendants discharged from custody. The court suspended 
passing sentence upon Henderson, and the case was then, 
by his attorneys, taken up to the Supreme Court upon 
error, and among the many errors assigned, was, in sub- 
stance, this : that it was not within the province of the 
defendant to waive his objection as to the absence of 
one of the jurors, and the proceeding in the trial with 
the eleven jurors, was error. This objection the court 
sustained, and decided the case upon that point; and 
Esq. Henderson was discharged. 

By the authority of the Legislature of this State, 
Hon. William Johnson, a distinguished lawyer, and now 
residing in Cincinnati, was employed to institute pro- 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 425 

ceedings in the Kentucky courts, with the view of set- 
tling certain legal questions, and which would, as claim- 
ed by our authorities, result in the liberation of Jerry 
from bondage. Mr. Johnston appeared before the Ken- 
tucky court, argued his case with masterly ability, but 
the decision was against him ; and here closed all legal 
proceedings growing out of this case. 

Jerry remained in Kentucky for some months as a 
slave, until by subscription from the citizens of Colum- 
bus, a sufficient amount of money was raised to purchase 
his freedom, and restore him to his family. He returned 
— but with the seeds of consumption sown in his system. 
Within a short time he wasted, sickened and died. 

In the month of April, 1851, a homicide was commit- 
ted at the Franklin House, in Columbus, then kept by 
Grundy Taylor. The victim was George Parcels, and the 
perpetrator of the homicide, Thomas W. Spencer. The 
parties were acquaintances and friends. The tragedy 
commenced with playful jokes, which were succeeded 
by frenzy of passion on the part of Spencer, who in that 
state of frenzy, discharged a pistol at, and killed his 
friend. Spencer was indicted for murder in the first 
degree, and tried at the March term of the Court of 
Common Pleas, 1852. The jury returned a verdict of 
manslaughter, and he was sentenced to six years confine- 



426 HISTORY OF 

ment in the penitentiary. After serving out about one 
year of his sentence, he was pardoned by Governor 
Wood. 

In the month of May, 1851, a murder was committed 
by George W. Slocum killing his wife some two or 
three miles from Columbus, on the farm of Mr. Jacob 
Hare, then occupied by a Mr. Robertson. Jealousy 
was at the bottom of this tragedy. Slocum was in- 
dicted for murder in the first degree, and tried at the 
June term, 1851, and convicted of murder in the second 
degree. Sentence, confinement in the penitentiary 
during life. 



'© 



On the 27th of April, 1854, Cyrus Beebe, one of the 
city police, was killed by William Jones, alias William 
Morgan. Jones had committed some burglaries in 
Licking County, and had been arrested, but made his 
escape, and was pursued by the Licking County officers, 
who supposed him to be at the Scioto Hotel, in Colum- 
bus. Beebe, by request, accompanied them to aid in 
making the arrest. Jones refused to surrender. Sev- 
eral pistol shots were fired on both sides, when Beebe 
was shot dead by Jones, who ran and made his escape 
from the crowd. 

The City Council caused him to be advertised, and a 
reward of $500 offered for his apprehension. No cer- 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 427 

tain intelligence was ever had of him until the 
summer of 1857, when he was arrested in Wisconsin, 
and brought to the Franklin County jail. In Novem- 
ber, 1857, he had his trial in the Court of Common 
Pleas, and was found guilty of murder in the second 
degree, and sentenced to the penitentiary during life. 

On the 4th of July, 1855, Henry Foster, a young 
man of about nineteen years of age, a native of Colum- 
bus, was killed on the street by a shot from a pistol, by 
some one of the association of Turners. This associa- 
tion was composed of young Germans. The object of 
their asssociation was to practice and improve them- 
selves in various kinds of athletic exercises. They had 
their officers, and their rules and regulations, like other 
societies. On this occasion they were marching the 
street in procession, when it appears they were assault- 
ed by some boys — Henry Foster of the number — 
by throwing stones into their ranks, which assault was 
returned, and from the throwing of stones, the firing of 
pistols ensued, when Foster was shot down and died in 
a few hours. 

This created a great excitement, and some thirty or 
more of the Turners were arrested and hurried into jail. 
From thence they were taken before 'Squire Field 
where they underwent a legal examination, and a 



428 HISTORY, ETC. 

number of them were held to bail. But on trial no 
conviction was ever had, as the individual who dis- 
charged the fatal shot could not be identified. 

In the month of April, 1856, Nicholas Kelley, a 
youth of about eighteen years of age, a son of Mr. N. 
J. Kelley, of Columbus, was shot by a German named 
Christian Henold, on the river bank near the Harris- 
burgh bridge, in the vicinity of Columbus, for a trifling 
provocation. Henold was indicted for murder in the 
first degree, and tried in July, 1856. The jury return- 
ed a verdict of murder in the second degree, and he 
was sentenced to the penitentiary during life. 



CHAPTER XLII. 

MANUFACTURING ESTABLISHMENTS IN COLUMBUS IN 1858. 
RIDGWAY'S FOUNDRY. 

This was the first successful manufacturing establish- 
ment in Columbus. It was commenced in the spring of 
1822, by Joseph Ridgway, then from the State of New 
York. For some years he used horse power instead of 
steam, and the principal article of manufacture was 
Jethro Wood's patent plow, of which he made and sold 
an immense number. It was then considered the best 
plow in use. About the first of January, 1830, he hav- 
ing associated with him his nephew Joseph Ridgway, jr., 
they introduced into their factory steam instead of horse 
power, and extended their business to the manufacturing 
of machinery, steam engines, stoves, etc., etc. For 
many years, they did an extensive business, giving em- 
ployment to about fifty or sixty hands, generally. Jo- 
seph Ridgway, jr., having died in 1850, the business 
was continued successfully by the surviving partner and 
administrator, until the spring of 1851, when he sold 
out, and transferred the whole establishment to Peter 



430 HISTORY OF 

Ilayden, Esq., since which it has been owned and con- 
ducted by Mr. Hayden. 

THE FRANKLIN FOUNDRY, 

Generally known by the name of " Gill's Foundry/' 
was commenced in 1838, by John L. Gill, Wm. A. Gill, 
and Henry Glover. In 1839, John McCune took the 
place of Mr. Glover, and the firm of Gills & McCune 
continued till May 1848. From that time the business 
was continued by J. L. & W. A. Gill, till July 1852, 
since which time it was conducted solely by Mr. John 
L. Gill, until July 1857, when he associated with him 
his son, J. L. Gill, jr. This establishment commenced 
business with about twenty-five hands, and was princi- 
pally engaged in the manufacture of stoves, plows and 
mill irons, and did a successful business. For the last 
few years, the establishment gave employment generally 
to from sixty to seventy-five persons. In 1855, Mr. Gill 
commenced the manufacture of his celebrated combina- 
tion steel plow, and is now manufacturing near four 
thousand per year. The amount of capital invested in 
the establishment is estimated at about $50,000. 

COLUMBUS MACHINE MANUFACTURING COMPANY. 

This manufacturing establishment was commenced by 
Charles Ambos and James Lennox, in 1849, with a cap- 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 431 

ital of some eight or ten thousand dollars. It was des- 
ignated by the name of " Eagle Foundry," and the firm 
by that of Ambos & Lennox. After continuing the 
business until the spring of 1854, they sold out for up- 
wards of $68,000 ; and it was converted into a joint 
stock company, by its present name. 

The present company commenced with about thirty 
stockholders, and a capital of $80,000. They subse- 
quently increased their capital to $100,000. The com- 
pany employ about one hundred and twenty-five men 
on an average, the year round, and pay to their officers 
and hands about $4,000 on the first day of each month; 
and turn out in machinery and castings, from $140,000 
to $150,000 a year. This company put up the iron 
frame work for the roofing of the State House, all the 
iron ceiling, galleries and railings, in the same. The 
ground occupied by the company is three hundred and 
twenty by one hundred and eighty-five feet. 

Charles Ambos is, and has been, the Superintendent 
from the commencement. Samuel Galloway was the 
first President, but being elected to Congress in 1854, 
he was succeeded by that experienced manufacturer, 
John S. Hall, Esq. II. Crary was Treasurer and Secre- 
tary until January, 1857, when he was succeeded by P. 
Ambos as Treasurer, and F. G. Jones as Secretary. Jo- 



432 HISTORY OF 

seph Coffin has been chief foreman ever since the com- 
mencement. 

The present Directors are, John S. Hall, P. Ambos, 
W. E. Ide, F. J. Matthews, Amos McNary, B. S. Brown, 
J. P. Brack. 

PETER HAYDEN'S EXTENSIVE WORKS, 

Commenced some twenty years since, consist princi- 
pally in the manufacturing of iron into various useful 
forms, partly from pig metal and partly from scrap iron ; 
of which they procure immense quantities, and manu- 
facture it into bar iron, hoop iron, and all sizes of wires. 
The establishment is very extensive, and gives employ- 
ment generally to over a hundred hands. 

The manufacture of saddlery, stirrups, buckles, etc., 
by Mr. Ilayden, is principally done in the prison, by 
convict labor. 

The writer regrets that he is not enabled to give a 
fuller history and description of this large establishment, 
but it seems the proprietor did not desire it, and it is 
therefore thus briefly noticed. 

OHIO TOOL COMPANY. 

This is an extensive manufacturing company, incorpo- 
rated in 1851, under a general law authorizing the for- 
mation and organization of such companies. Capital 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 433 

stock $100,000. The chief article of manufacture is 
carpenters' planes, hence it is frequently called the 
Plane Factory. The average number of hands employ- 
ed in the various departments of the business, is about 
two hundred. The concerns of the company are said 
to be in a prosperous condition, and the stock in good 
demand. It is controlled by a Board of seven Directors. 

Present Officers. — George Gere, Pres't ; A. Thomas, 
Sec'y and Treas'r ; C. II. Clark, Sup't. 

Directors.— -O. Allen, W. A. Piatt, A. McNairy, J. R. 
Swan, George Gere, P. Hayden, J. M. McCune. 

CAR FACTORY. 

In 18-19, Messrs. Joseph Ridgway, sr., and Joseph 
Ridgway, jr., who had for many years been doing a 
heavy business in their iron foundry, associated with 
them in their new enterprise of car manufacturing, Mr. 
Pearl Kimball, from Massachusetts, a gentleman of ex- 
perience in that line of business. They made extensive 
and costly buildings and preparations west of the river, 
by the side of the railroad, and went very extensively 
into the business under the firm name of " Ridgways & 
Kimball." Their cars were of the first quality, and in 
extensive demand. In 1850, Mr. Ridgway, jr., died; 
but the business was continued by the other two part- 
ners successfully, until the spring of 1856, when their 
28 



434 HISTORY OF 

main building and its contents were entirely destroyed 
by fire. They never rebuilt it, but continued the busi- 
ness on a smaller scale, until about the first of January, 
1857, when Mr. Ridgway sold out his interest to Mr. 
Kimball, who has since continued the business alone. 

Before the destruction by fire, they generally gave 
employment to about eighty men. 

THE COLUMBUS WOOLEN FACTORY. 

This company organized in 1851, under the general 
act authorizing such incorporations. In 1851 and '52, 
they erected their buildings, procured their machinery, 
and commenced manufacturing in the summer or fall of 
1852. The first Board of Directors, were A. P. Stone, 
P. C. Kelton, Theodore Comstock, John Butler, and Jas. 
Lennox. 

The principal business officer of the company is the 
Superintendent, who, subject to the order of the Direc- 
tors, manages and controls the business of the establish- 
ment. 

The successive Superintendents have been, J. L. 
Haughton, John H. Stage, A. P. Mason. 

The dividends to stockholders have generally been 
made in certificates of additional stock, or manufactured 
goods. And in this way, the capital stock has been in- 
creased until it now amounts to about $5G,000. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 435 

The present officers and agents of the company are, 
A. P. Stone, President ; J. F. Bartlett, Peter Ambos, 
J. P. Bruck, L. Hoster, Directors. 

A. P. Mason, Superintendent ; C. E. Batterson, Book- 
keeper. 

BROTHERLIN AND HALM'S CHAIR AND CABINET WARE FACTORY. 

This is owned by a private firm, composed of the tw T o 
gentlemen whose names it bears, who associated together 
for the purpose of manufacturing all kinds of chairs 
and cabinet furniture by steam power and machinery. 
In the spring of 1853, they commenced their building 
in the south-west corner of the city near the canal, and 
in July of the same year commenced manufacturing. 

In February, 1856, their building was totally de- 
stroyed by fire. But with the energy of real business 
men, they without delay commenced rebuilding ; and 
by the first of July following, their manufacturing 
again commenced. The number of hands they employ 
is generally about forty. 

Their furniture store, for the sale of their manufac- 
tured articles, is kept on High street. 

TUB AND PAIL MANUFACTORY. 

This establishment is the property of an incorporated 
joint stock company, formed for the purpose of manu- 



436 HISTORY OF 

facturing hollow wooden ware, by steam power and 
machinery. They organized and erected their buildings 
on the west bank of the Scioto in 1855, and in July, 
1856, commenced manufacturing. The capital stock 
subscribed and paid in is near $28,000, which was not 
a sufficient amount to pay for the improvements and 
start the business to advantage. But the company per- 
severed, and they were said to be mastering their 
difficulties and doing a pretty fair business, with the 
prospect of a bright future. But on the 10th of May 
1858, their factory was struck by lightning, and the 
building and all its contents consumed bv fire. It is 
said that they will rebuild. The affairs of the com- 
pany are controlled by a Board of five Directors. 

Present Officers — George Kanemacher, President; W. 
L. Hughes, Secretary ; IT. Crary, Treasurer ; J. IT. 
Beebe, Superintendent. 

CITY MILLS, 

Now owned by a private firm composed of Messrs. 
Comstock, Harrison and Decker, and doing business 
under the firm name of " A. S. Decker & Co." The 
mill was originally erected by Mr. Comstock, west of 
the canal, and there known by the name of " Novelty 
Mills." In 1856, the present firm was formed, and the 
steam power and mill machinery were removed into the 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 437 

new building on Fourth street in the early part of 
1857, and was then named " City Mills." Mr. Decker 
is the acting agent. 

Beside the foregoing manufactories, there are various 
others in successful operation in the city, amongst 
which are the Saw Factory at the corner of Water and 
Spring streets, propelled by steam — proprietors, Messrs. 
Ohlen and Drake ; several Planing Machines, propelled 
by steam, at which are also manufactured doors, sash, 
blinds, etc.; Messrs. Swan and Davies's Foundry and 
Machine Shop, on the west side of the river, established 
a few years since, and giving employment to from 
twenty-five to thirty men ; the new steam Paper Mill 
of Messrs. Ilines and Miller, erected in the fall of 1857, 
and which commenced manufacturing paper in January, 
1858 ; the Coffee and Spice Grinding Mill, established 
by the Messrs. Rose, and now owned by C. P. L. Butler, 
Esq., worked by steam power ; Messrs. Shoedinger and 
Brown's Furniture Manufactorj' ; and two extensive 
Breweries at the south end of the city, one owned by 
Messrs. Iloster and Silbernagle, and the other by Mr. 
John Blenkner. 



CHAPTER XLIII. 

POST OFFICE, AND BOROUGH AND CITY OFFICERS, ETC. 

The Columbus post office was established in 1813, 
and in 1838 was made a distributing office. 

Matthew Matthews, appointed postmaster in 1813 — retired in 1814. 

Joel Buttles, " " 1814 " 1829. 

Bela Latham, " " 1829 " 1841. 

John G. Miller, " " 1841 " 1845. 

Jacob Medary, " " 1845— died in 1847. 

Samuel Medary, " " 1847— retired in 1849. 

Aaron F. Perry, " " 1849 " 1853. 

Thomas Sparrow, " " 1853 " 1857. 

Thomas Miller, " " 1857 " 1858. 

Samuel Medary, " " 1858. 

The first act to incorporate the Borough of Columbus, 
was passed the 10th of February, 1816, and vested the 
corporate authority in nine Councilmen ; from which 
body a Mayor, who also acted as President of the Coun- 
cil, a Recorder and Treasurer, were elected by the 
Council. They also appointed a Surveyor, a Marshal, 
and Clerk of the Market, and a Lister and Appraiser, 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 439 

to list and value property for borough taxation. The 
Recorder made out the tax duplicate, and the Marshal 
was the collector. The first election for Councilmen was 
held at the Columbus Inn, on the 6th of May, 1816. 

The elections were by general ticket, and all the town 
voted at the same poll. The first members were to serve 
one, two and three years, so that three new members 
were elected each year after. The first Councilmen 
elect met at the same inn on the 13th of the same month, 
and organized. Of this first Board of Councilmen, there 
are yet living in the city Messrs* H. Brown and Jeremiah 
Armstrong. 

In March, 1817, the old market house, that had been 
erected by contributions, was declared a nuisance, and 
an ordinance passed for its removal. 

During the eighteen years of the borough organiza- 
tion, from 1816 to 1834, the following gentlemen served 
at various periods, as members of the Council, to wit : 
Messrs. Robert W. McCoy, Jeremiah Armstrong, Robert 
Armstrong, Henry Brown, John Cutler, Caleb Houston, 
John Kerr,* Michael Patton, Jarvis Pike, James B. Gar- 
diner, Christian Heyl, Win. McElvain, James Kooken, 



* Mr. Kerr died 20th of July, 1823. He was then a member of 
the Council, Associate Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, and 
President of the Franklin Bank — an active business man, and highly 
respected. 



440 HISTORY OF 

Townsend Nichols, Ralph Osborn, P. II. Olmsted, John 
Jeffords, Eli C. King, L. Goodale, Charles Lofland, W. 
T. Martin, John Greenwood, John Lauglny, James Rob- 
inson, John W. Smith, Win. Long, Joel Buttles, Nathan- 
iel McLean, Joseph Ridgway, George Jeffries, John 
Warner, Robert Brotherton, Jonathan Neereamer, Rob- 
ert Riorden, Samuel Parsons, John Patterson, Moses R. 
Spurgion. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 



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442 HISTORY OF 

By an act of the Legislature, passed March 3d, 
1S34, Columbus was incorporated a city, and divided 
into three wards. All north of State street constituted 
the first ward, all between State and Rich the second, 
and all south of Rich the third ward ; each ward to be 
represented by four Counciltnen, to be elected on the 
second Monday of April, in the same year. The term 
of service of the first Board to be determined by lot, 
and afterward one member to be elected annually from 
each ward. The Mayor to be elected biennially by the 
people. 

On the 14th of April, 1834, (being the second Mon- 
day,) the first election under the new charter was held, 
which resulted as follows : 

MAYOR. 

Jobn Brooks, elected for two years. 

COUNCILMEN. 

First Ward. Second Ward. Third Ward. 

Joseph Ridgway, Jonathan Necreamer, John Patterson, 

R. W. McCoy, Noah H. Swayne, Christian Heyl, 

Henry Brown, Francis Stewart, Win. Miner, 

Otis Crosby. Win. Long. Wm. T. Martin. 

APPOINTMENTS BY THE COUNCIL. 

Robert W. McCoy, President; Wm. T. Martin, Recorder; William 
Long, Treasurer; J. A. Laphain, Surveyor; Abraham Stotts, Marshal 
and Clerk of Market. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 443 

Mr. McCoy was continued President by reelections 
until he resigned his seat in July, 1853. lie had been 
a member of the Council from the first election in 1816, 
and that body honored his long and faithful services by 
procuring and preserving in their chamber his well 
drawn and neatly framed likeness. They also honored 
Doctor Goodale, for his donation of the park grounds, 
with an elegant, full-sized portrait, handsomely framed, 
which also hangs in the Council chamber. 

William T. Martin was continued Recorder till 1839, 
then Wiliam Miner till 1843, and then Joseph Ridg- 
way, jr., till 1850, when the office was abolished. In 
1840, the Council appointed B. F. Martin City Clerk, 
by whom the business of Recorder was afterward per- 
formed, and he was continued by reappointments until 
1857, since when Joseph Dowdall has been City Clerk. 

The successive Treasurers since 1834, have been 
William Long till 1836, then Jonathan Neereamer till 
1838, then John Greenwood till 1843, and since then 
Wm. Armstrong until the present time, 1858. 

In 1851, the office of City Solicitor was created, and J. 
L. Bates appointed, who resigned in January, 1852. In 
April, 1852, Henry C. Noble was appointed. In 1853, 
Emory Butler, who resigned in April, 1854, in conse- 
quence of declining health, since which James A. Wil- 
cox has filled the place. 



444 



HISTORY OF 



The successive Mayors, Marshals, Surveyors, and 
Clerks of the Market have been as follows : 



Year. 


Mayor. 


Marshal. 


Surveyor. 

C.ll.I'rezrimiusky 
J. A. Lapham . . . 
Nalh. Medberrv . 

John Field 

Uriah Lathrop . . 


Clerk of Market. 


1834 

is:?.') 
ls:;i; 
18;57 


John Brooks .... 
John Bailhachc* . 
Warren Jenkins . 

1'liilo 11. Olmsted 


Abraham Stotts . 

.... Same 

Geo. 15. Harvey . 


A hr, Stotts. 

. . . Same. 
G. B. Harvey. 


] s:;s 

1839 




. . . Same. 


1840 
1841 
1842 


John G. Miller .. 
rhomas Woodf 
\. I. .McDowell 
S. K. Wright .... 
.... Same 

V. S. Decker 
Alex. Pattoii 


. . . Same 

.... Same 


.... Same 

N. 15. Kelley .... 
.... Same 


. . . Same. 
. . . Same. 


1st:; 




.... Same 


'!eo. Uiordon. 


1844 
184.fi 
184(i 
1847 


Geo. 15. Harvey 

.... Same 

John Whitzell . 


Uriah Lathrop . 
. . . Same 


lolni Whitzell. 
;. 15. Harvey, 
laeoh Tnrney. 


is IS 








1849 


.... Same 

Lorenzo English. 

Same 








1850 
1851 
185-2 
1X53 


.... Same 

John II. Tnrney 
James Stephens. 


. . . Same 

.... Same 


. . Same. 
. . Same. 
Isaac .Marple. 


1854 

1 S.V) 


.... Same 


11. M. Wakcman 
.... Same 


.... Same 

.... Same 


. . Same. 
r. W. Watson. 


is.">i; 








IS.') 7 


John B. ColtYoth 


Philip I). Fisher} 

.... Same 




1858 


.... Same 


. . . Same. 



By an ordinance passed by the Council, on the 18th of 
February, 1S4G, the city was divided into five wards. 
All north of Gay street, to constitute the first ward; all 
between Gay and State streets, the second ; all between 
State and Rich streets, the third ; all between Rich and 
Mound streets, the fourth ; and all south of Mound 
street, the fifth. Each ward to be represented by three 
members in Council. 



* Appointed by the Council in place of Brooks, resigned, f Appointed by 
the Council in place of .Miller, resigned. J The office, since 1S57, has been 
styled Civil Engineer. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 445 

But subsequently, by an act of the Legislature, pass- 
ed May 3, 1852, for the organization of cities, etc., the 
number of Councilmen for each ward is reduced to two. 
The fifty-ninth section of that act provides, that on the 
first Monday in April, 1853, there shall be two members 
elected in each ward, one of whom shall serve two years, 
the other one year. And the last section of the same 
act provides, that the officers in office at the passage of 
the act, should hold out their respective terms. 

It now became a question whether to hold an election 
or not. The term of one of the members in each ward 
expired at this time, winch would reduce the Council to 
the number required, without any election ; but it would 
not be in accordance with the letter of the above provis- 
ion, requiring an election at this particular time ; and 
the members not being disposed to resign their places, 
the two members in each ward, whose terms did not 
expire, held on, and the Council ordered an election for 
two additional members. So that the first year under 
the new r charter, each ward had four members instead of 
two ; the second year three members, and the third year 
(1855) the Council was reduced to the number required 
— two in each ward. 

The large Council, in 1853, was composed of the fol- 
lowing gentlemen, to wit : 



446 



HISTORY, ETC. 



First Ward. 
Win. Dennison, jr. 
M. P. Howlett, 
John Miller, 
John Noble. 



Second Ward. 
J. W. Baldwin, 

Luther Donaldson, 
Benjamin Blake, 
Robert Cutler. 



Fourth Ward. 
Theodore Comstock, 
Augustus S. Decker, 
William Miner, 
John Butler. 



Third Ward. 
R. W. McCoy, 
Dwight Stone, 
Win. Domigan, 
Robert Hume. 

Fifth Ward. 
Lewis Hoster, 
Jacob Rinehard, 
James H. Stauring, 
John Rader. 



The Councilmen of 1858 are — 

First Ward — Holdcmond Crary, term expires April, 1859. 

G. Douty, " " " 1860. 

Second Ward— Joseph H. Riley, " " " 1859. 

Thomas Arnold, " " " 1860. 

Third Ward—C. P. L. Butler, " " " 1859. 

Theo. Comstock, " " " 1860. 

Fourth Ward— J. E. St. Clair, " " " 1859. 

John F. Ijams, " " " 1860. 

Fifth Ward— James H. Stauring, " " «' 1859. 

Jacob Rinehard, " " " 1860. 



POPULATION OF COLUMBUS. 

In 1815, about .... 

In 1820, United States Census, 

In 1830, •««•«. 

In 1840, " 

In 1850, «««««. 

In 1858, generally supposed to be about 

POPULATION OF FRANKLIN COUNTY. 

In 1810, agreeably to the United States Census, 

In 1820, 

In 1830, " " " " " - 

In 1840, 

In 1850, " " " " " - 



- 700 

1,450 

2,437 

6,048 

17,871 

25,000 



3,486 
10,292 
14,741 
25,049 
42,909 



CHAPTER XLIV. 

STATE OFFICERS. 

GOVERNORS. 

Arthur St. Clair, Governor under the territorial government, was 
appointed in 1788, and continued until the adoption of the State Con- 
stitution. 

Edward Tiffin, elected and sworn into office under the State Consti- 
tution, March 3d, 1803. 

Thomas Kirker,* acting; Governor part of 1808. 

Samuel Huntington, elected and sworn in, 1808. 

Return J. Meigs " " 1810. 

Othniel Looker,* acting Governor part of 1814. 

Thomas "Worthington, elected in 1814. 

Ethan Allen Brown, " 1818. 

Allen Trimble,* acting Governor part of 1822. 

Jeremiah Morrow, elected in 1822. 



Allen Trimble, ' 


1826. 


Duncan McArthur, ' 


1830. 


Robert Lucas, * 


1832. 


Joseph Vance, ' 


1836. 


Wilson Shannon, ' 


1838. 


Thomas Corwin, ' 


1840. 


Wilson Shannon, ' 


1842. 



Thomas W. Bartley,* acting Governor part of 1844. 



* Those marked with a star were Speakers of the Senate, who were by the 
Constitution to fill vacancies, and who served as Governors for short periods 
only. 



448 HISTORY OF 

Mordeeai Bartlcy, elected in 1844. 

William Bebb, " 1846. 

Seabury Ford, " 1848. 

Reuben Wood, " 1850. 

Reuben Wood, elected under the new Constitution, Oct. 1851, term 
commenced January, 1852. 

William Medill, elected October, 1853, term commenced January, 
1854. 

Salmon P. Chase, elected October, 1855, term commenced January, 
1850. 

Salmon P. Chase, reelected October, 1857, term commenced Jan- 
uary, 1858. 

LIEUTENANT GOVERNORS, UNDER THE NEW CONSTITUTION. 

William Medill, elected October, 1851, term commenced Jan. 1852. 

James Myers, " " 1853, " " 1854. 

Thomas Ford, " " 1855, " " 1850. 

Martin Welker, " " 1857, " " 1858. 

SECRETARIES OF STATE. 

William Creighton, jr., elected and commissioned 1803. 
Jeremiah McLene, " " 1808. 

Moses H. Kirby, " " 1831. 

Benjamin Hinkson, " " 1834. 

Carter B. Harlan, " " 1837. 

William Trevitt, by appointment, part of 1840. 
John Sloan, elected in 1840. 
Samuel Galloway, (i 1843. 

Henry W. King, " 1849. 

William Trevitt, elected Oct. 1851, term commenced Jan. 1852. 
James H. Baker, " 1855, " " 1850. 

Addison P. Russell, " 1857, " " 1858. 

AUDITORS OF STATE. 

Thomas Gibson, elected and commissioned, 1803. 
Benjamin Hough, " " 1808. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 



449 



Ralph Osborn, elected and commissioned 1815. 

John A. Bryan, " " 1833. 

John Brough, " " 1839. 

John Woods, " " 1845. 

Wm. D. Morgan, elected Oct. 1851, term commenced Jan. 1852. 

Francis M. Wright, " 1855, " " 1856. 



TREASURER OF STATE.* 



Wm McFarland, elected and commissioned 1803. 



Hiram M. Curry, " 

Samuel Sullivan, " 

Henry Brown, " 

Joseph Whitehill, " 

Albert A. Bliss, " 

John G. Brcslin, elected Oct. 1851 

William H. Gibson, " 1855 

A. P. Stone, by appointment part of 1857. 

A. P. Stone, elected Oct. 1857, term commenced January, 1858 



1817. 
1820. 
1823. 
1835. 
1847. 
term commenced Jan. 1852. 
1856. 



STATE LIBRARIANS.! 



John L. Harper, i 
John McElvain, 
David S. Brodrick, 
Zachariah Mills, 
Thomas Kennedy, 
John Greiner, 
Elijah Hay ward, 
James W. Taylor, 
Wm. T. Coggeshall, 

DO ' 



rom 1817, 


to 


1818 


" 1818, 


" 


1820 


" 1820, 


it 


1824 


" 1824, 


it 


1842 


" 1S42, 


" 


1845 


" 1845, 


it 


1851 


" 1851, 


it 


1854 


" 1854, 


it 


1856 


" 1856. 







* John Armstrong was Treasurer under the territorial government from 
1792, until the adoption of the State Constitution in 1803. 

t The State Library was established in 1817, and was commenced with 
about 500 volumes. Now it contains about 18,000. 



29 



ERRATA. 

On page 188, an error occurs in locating the Water Cure Infirmary 
in Montgomery Township, whereas it is a few rods over the line, in 
Mifflin Township, and should have appeared under that head. 

On page 408, sixth and seventh lines from the bottom, for " 1855 
or 1856," read " 1845 or 181C," when the school was discontinued. 



INSURE YOUR PROPERTY. 






Heal Estate & insurance CVgcnt, 

NOTARY PUBLIC, 

AND 

GKE3SnE:R.A.:Li COLLECTOR. 



69 South High Street, 

OPPOSITE THE CAPITOL SQDAE E , 



Persons wishing to purchase Real Estate, either Farms, City 
Property, or "Western Lands, arc requested to call and examine my 
list before purchasing elsewhere. 

Ileal Estate sold, or exchanged, on commission; Farms and City 
Property rented, and Collections promptly attended to, at the above 
Office. 




S 



H 



OFFICE IN AMBOS'S BLOCK, 2 

QQ 



S3 

> 

COLUMBUSj OHIO. q 

> 
Q 

All persons desiring first class Fire or Life Insurance, will find % 
it to their interest to call at the above Office. 



R E A L, ESTATE OFFICE. 



COLUMBU 

MACHINE HA1FACTDRI1 CO. 

WEST END NATIONAL BRIDGE, 

COLUMBUS, OHIO. 



Having one of the largest and best furnished shops in the West, we 
lire prepared to manufacture 

STEAM ENGINES, BOILERS, MILL GEARING, 

And Machinery of every description for 

BIS¥£ltXiE&ZE&j 'SAW MMU &JLX&T MHt&S s 

And all Factories where. Steam or "Water Power is used. 



Double anil Single? Action Pumps; Iron Roofs; 

Steam Drums; Mud Valves; II ridge Holts, Nuts anil Castings; 

Boiler Fronts; : Mater Pipes; 

Crate liars; Gas. Pipes and Retorts: 

Safety and Blow-off Valves ; Welded Wrought Iron Pipes; 

Shafting; I Boiler Flues; 

Hangers and Pulleys; ' Tubular Heaters; 

Cast Iron Fronts for Buildings; j Steam Fittings; 

Iron Shutters; | Valves; Cocks; 

Cast and Wrought Grating; ! Steam Coils for Heating Appa- 

Boiler Iron Vaults and Tanks; | tatuscs. 



We would especially solicit orders for 

RAIL ROAD WO 

Car Wheels and Axles ; Cast-Tron Frogs, with Steel Plates and 

Pedestals and Oil Boxes of LigUtner's Points; 

Patent; Wrought and Cast-Iron Crossings, of 

Lap Switches, with Right and Left- , any angle; 

hand Stands ; | Watei'-Slation Pumps and Pipes, with 

T-Rail Iron Frogs, with or without i Valves and Strainers. 

Spring Rails ; 



We are also manufacturing 

3=» XT 3VE IP I 3ST Gr 33 W GIKT ES, 

For Water Stations, fitted up complete, Avith Saw attached, for 

Wood Yards. 

Prompt attention will be given to all Orders, and satisfaction warranted. 



DIRECTORS. 

J. 9. HALL, AMOS McXAKY". J. P. BRVJCK, J. M. MoCUNK. 

B. S. BKuWX, W. E. IDE, l'Kl'KU A.UBOS, 

J. S. HALL, President. 
CHAUI.ES AMB0S, Supt. PETER AMBOS, Treas. F. 0. JONES, Su'y. 

( 2 ) 



FA.SHIOjSr^BLB 



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% ^ial 



^ J w J r € 1 f» t> 1 (Uv «S\ tra St J Br 
^ vy v \f ^j k*$i %g fi 4 w 4L& 



ALLEN, TOREY & CO., 

(Successors to Allen <fc Son) 

45 SOUTH HIGH STREET, COLUMBUS, 

Second Door South of Neil House Entrance, 

Have an EXTENSIVE and CHOICE ASSORTMENT of every 

variety of 

MOSTLY CUSTOM-MADE, 

AT LOWEST CASH PRICES. 

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL. 

Having procured the services of Mr. A. P. Howe, a gentleman of 
long experience, and of high reputation as foreman in the most Fash- 
ionable Custom Shops in the city of New York, we are prepared to 
sny to the Public, that we will make to measure, on short notice, La- 
dies' and Gentlemen's, Misses' and Children's 

BOOTS AND SHOES, 

of every variety of style, of finest material, and unsurpassed workman- 
ship. 



Of evei'y description constantly on hand, and for sale. 

t£f All persons are requested to call and examine before buying 
elsewhere. 

ALLEN, TORRY & CO. 
( 3 ) 



WILLIAM A. GILL, 

No. 30 North High Street, Columbus, 




MT WAVVIIATTQV 



S E IE 13 STORE. 



DEALER IN 

<&rtru tosmgiimt jof ^griraltaral aiti) JJortintltural Imgteufs, 

FIELD, GRASS AND GARDEN SEEDS. 

A.Z.SQ, DEALER IN 

C3r o 33. o t &, 1 :o:£H?<3L^\7"ct :r© ? 

Nails, Glass, Sash, Putty, Brushes j Garrett & Cottman's Steel Plows, 
and Cordage, of all kinds, ; Field and Garden Pollers, 

Guns, Pistols and Rigging, 

"Wooil and Willow Wave, 

Leather and Rubber Pelting, 

Lace Leather, 

Rubber Hose and Packing, 

Cistern and Well Pumps, 

Well and Pump Chain, 

Wood and Iron Tubing, 

Wood and Iron Well Curbs, 

Hydraulic Rams, 

Horse Powers, Saw Mills, 

Star Com and Cob Mills, 

Threshing Machines and Separa- 
tors, from '2 to 8 horse power, 

Reapers and Mowers, single or 
combined, from man)' of the best 
manufactories, 



i Horse Hoes, Harrows, 

; Steed Cultivators, 

j Cutting Pox. in variety, 

I Hand and Power Corn Shellers, 

from $9 to $75 each, 
i Ox Yokes and Rows, a very supe- 
rior article of each, 
I Horse and Hand Hay Rakes, 
j Garden Engines and Syringes 

(brass), 
Root Pullers, 
Post-hole Augurs, 
Chisels, 

Spoons and Rammers, 
Vegetable Cutters, 
Manure Drags, and a thousand oth- 
er things too numerous to mention. 



WHOLESALE AND EE1AIL, CHEAP FOE CASH. 



^"Country Merchants are requested to call and examine my stock. «^§J| 

WM. A. GILL. 
( 4 ) 



165 South High, between Town & Rich Sts., West Side, 



COLUMBUS, OHIO, 



idjij^lxjIeif?. iixr 




5lS# 2 




r 



B88I 






Fine Toilet Soaps, Fine Hair and Tooth Brushes, 



Jura Mum aixir ^iquor^; for gtokhral Sfca, 

?A9?CY A$& TOILET JUiTICLSS, 



TOBACCO, CIGARS, ETC. 



Physicians' Prescriptions carefully compounded, and all orders 

correctly answered. Medicines warranted genuine, and 

of the best quality. 

( 5 ) 




)1 1 S 1 1 Mil ill j 



iliillji 



At the Old Stand of Blake, Williams & Co. 

No. 117 South Front Street, between State and Town, 

Columbus, onio, 

— KEEl' VOU SAT.K A LIEGE ASSORTMENT OP WORK. SUCH AS — 

PHAETON, STRAIGHT-BED, AND LIGHT SHIFTING-TOP 



JHA mJl fef^x ifex M> c Ijl§ rlM C 

^■k?) %#J "^^jj %f^J %^'K f^?J ^y w) 

Croifwrr, (frprtss, irab lltelui S&tirgtms; 






w^ji 5y^, P^r w. 



OF EVERY DESCRIPTION; 

SULKIES, CITY HACKS, OMNIBUSES, &c. 



t£r We have a lar°:e assortment of selected materials, and 
employ none but FIRST-CLASS WORKMEN, ami warrant our 
work io vivo satisfaction. 

We are now prepared to sell work, for cash, at less prices than 
any establishment in the West, (who make work of equal quality.) 



Coixmbus, May 20. 1S5S. 



( G ) 



W ® [Hi m m sMi ill * S d 

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN 

f)ai5, Caps, jStnifo (Simfcs, ivc, 

55 South High St., Columbus, 0., 
OPPOSITtS THE STATE HO08&* 



My stock of the above Goods, for the Spring Trade, will embrace all 

the different varieties of 



P> 



FRENCH FELT AND SOFT CASSIMERE HATS, 
Ui' the most desirahlo shapes anil colors; 

Men and Boys' Black, Brown, Pearl and Gray Wool Hats, 
01' the Hungarian, French, Panama and Young America styles. 



MEN**, MW AND CHILIREJ'I m% 

Of every variety, for Spring and Summer wear. 
ALSO, A LAUGH STOCK OF 

gta ani gap' f annum, €\umat t f tg]i.orn, grail) & $alm ?M 
HA T S. 

Children's, Misses' and Infant's Fancy Straw Hats, 

mato ABB tfosksmms* 

LADIES' AND MISSES' DSESS FURS, MUFFS, ETC. 



To be had at the New Hat Store of J. n. S.mitii. 

STTHE HIGHEST PRICE PAID FOR SHIP PI NO PURS. Jggl 

( 7 ) 






(Successor to II. II. Kimball) 

127 SOUTH HIGH STREET, SECOND DOOR NORTH OF GOODALE HOUSE, 

COLUMBUS, 0., 

gD^RQ ©\F THIS ©®[L®EN! © © © Ts 

WHOLESALE AND BETAIL DEALER, 
Has a very extensive and choico assortment of 

Boots and Shoes! 



Also, the Largest and Best Slock in the City of 

LEATHER, MOROCCO, FINDINGS, 

jSljornutlurs' antr ff-aratenj' Cools, 



AND 



All of -which has been purchased for Cash, and will be sold accord- 
ingly- 



Manufacturers -will find it greatly to their advantage to call and 
examine this stock before purchasing elsewhere. 

Boots and Shoes made to order, and warranted. 

1. G. HAMMAN. 
( 8 ) 



Mlkltsult Bitb Retail Jraggtst, 

100 South High St., Corner High & State, 

COLUMBUS. 



Keeps constantly on hand a complete assortment of 

PURE DRUGS, MEDICINES AND CHEMICALS, 



Instruments, \ W& 


f Paints, 




Physicians' Scales, J ^fH 


kZ 0ils ' 




Pocket Medicine Cases, C Jr% 


5>Tf Dye Stuffs, 




Glassware, p jflJT 


'^E3t& Soaps, 




Window Glass ("French and £>f?£jf 


telj5\ Perfumery, 








Brushes 



IN SHORT, EVERY ARTICLE TO BE FOUND IN A FIRST CLASS DRUG STORE. 

^S3- Respectfully solicits Physicians, Country Merchants and others, wish- 
ing to purchase First Class Goods, to call, examine articles, prices — and buy. 




156 South High St., Corner High & Town, 

COLUMBUS, o. 



Bonnets, I Dress Silks, 

Ribbons, White Goods, 

Flowers, Cloaks, 

Trimmings, Shawls & Mantles, 

Embroideries, Millinery Goods, 

&c. &c. See. 

Bonnets Bleached, Pressed and Trimmed in the neatest 

manner. 

B ( 9 ) 



«« 



& 



Nos. 23 & 25, South High Street, 



(FOUR DOORS NORTH OP NEIL HOUSE) 



COLUMBUS 



J\\e J^hjesf 6iofi|ii)g 1$ o\\$e lt\ 6e»)fi^l Gtyio. 



Always on hand a varied and Fashionable Assortment of 

m mm mw cut nil, 

Of every style and variety, 

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL. 



Also, a Magnificent Stock of 

SLOTHS, GA8SIMIIES INJl ?IST1.NJIf , 

Which will be made up to order in the best and most fashionable 

manner. 



Terms as low as any in the Stale, and at fixed prices. 

MARCUS CHILDS, 

Proprietor. 
( 10 ) 



H. & A. H. SELLS, 

FIRST DOOR NORTH OF AMERICAN HOTEL, 



COLU3VEBUS. 



STAPLE & FANCY DRY GOODS. 

Silks, 

Embroideries, 

Cloaks, Mantillas, 

Shawls, Furs, &c. 

And a general assortment of seasonable and fashionable 

Goods. 



&u 



J 



182 South High, bet. Town & Rich Sts., 



(EAST SIDE.) 



%5 



» S 



GF 



csq&es* nL&sviHAS, 



IT 




5. 



9 



SILKS, &o., &c. 
All of the Latest Styles, and on reasonable terms. 



BONNETS BLEACHED, PRESSED AND TRIMMED, ON SHORT NOTICB. 



( 11 ) 



jjariforif Jftre $t$ttratta Cmnpanj, 



OF 



HAETFOED. 



Incorporated in 1810. 



Capital, $500,000 : all paid up. Charter Perpetual. 



H. HUNTINGTON, 
ALBERT PAY, 
JAMES GOODWIN, 



DIRECTORS. 

CHARLES BOS WELL, 
HENRY KFXEY, 
CALVIN DAY, 



JOB ALLYN, 
JOHN T. BRACE, 
CHARLES J. RUSS. 



C. B. BOWERS, Secretary. 

C. C. LYMAN, Assistant Secretary, 



H. HUNTINGTON, President 
WM. N. BOWERS, Actuary. 



D. ALEXANDER, Gen. Agent for the Western Country. 
JOHN GRAHAM, Assistant Gen. Agent, " " 



AGEICY HARTFORD FIRE IIS. CO. 



OFFICE: No. 4 Johnson Building, 

107 SOUTH HIGH STREET. 



INSURANCE EFFECTED UPON 

Business Souses, Merchandize, Manufactories and contents, 
Dwellings and other Property, 

AT REASONABLE RATES. 

Risks taken on Dwellings, for three or five years, either in City or 
Country, at very low figures. 

J. L. GORDON, Agt. 
( 12 ) 









J. C. WOODS, 

(Successor to A. Reed and A. Barr & Co.) 

Odeon Buildings, High St., and Buckeye Block, Broadway, 
COLUMB U '8 9 & 



Chickering- & Sons, 

Hallet, Davis & Co., | piAfl RTES. 

A. H. Gale & Co., 

MASON & HAMMN W 

Chickering's Pianos have received 

ELEVEN GOLD MEDALS, 

FOURTEEN STLVER MEDALS, 

THREE BRONZE MEDALS, 

PRIZE MEDAL from World's Fair, 
London, 1851. 

I sell all the above instruments at Factory prices, and fully war- 
ranted. 

The best assortment of 





J% Iff # : 



In Central Ohio is at my Warerooms. 

TUNING AND REPAIRING DONE BY A COMPETENT PERSON. 



AND 



HEM 



J. C. WOODS, 
61 South High, and 18 East Broad Sts., Columbus. 

( 13 ) 



Uo IS. 3To (niLMIRo 



(Bi\nriX!L!IISIL MMDOTF. 



DEALERS IN 



tolling, f arlor antr ©la ^ks, 

H&^1 1UEHIESM1 TOMS® 

SHELF-HARD WARE, 

AND TIN WARE OF ALL DESCRIPTIONS, 

271 South High Street, Comer Friend & High, 

COLUMBUS, OHIO. 



Hoofing, Spouting, and Copper Jobbing, will be done 
promptly, either in city or country, in the best manner, 
and at reasonable prices. Give us a call. 



Till 



in mm if dei 



f 

&« 




J. H. RILEY & CO., 

75 SOUTH HIGH STREET, COLUMBUS, 0., 

IttMwte, ftonfelte auii §Mimm y 

AND IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN 

Paper Hangings, Borders and Decorations ; Window 

Shades and Cornices ; Paintings and Engravings ; 

Portrait and Picture Frames ; Pier and 

Oval Glasses. 

( 14 ) 



WiHISBESVEB'S 




RS. WINCHESTER continues to 
J_T J_ keep open the Daguerrean Rooms 
of her late husband, in the ODEON 
BUILDINGS, opposite the State 
House, where the old patrons of the Es- 
tablishment, and the public generally, are 
respectfully invited to call. 



Photographs, 

Heliographs, 

Ambrotypes, 

Meiainotypes, 

And all other styles of Pictures known to the art, will be executed 
upon the shortest notice. 






Mr. Heritage, who for some months was connected with Mr. 
"Winchester in the Photographic Art, will continue as the chief ope- 
rator; and every exertion will be made to maintain the unrivalled 
reputation of the establishment. 




W. T. COGGESHALL, Editor. 



DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF— 

EDUCATION II THE STATE OF OHIO. 

ISSUED UXDER THE AUSPICES OF 

Clje ©Ijia State Ceacjfers' Association. 

TERMS, . . OIXTE E-OX/LA-R PER YEAR- 



FOLLETT, FOSTER & CO., PUBLISHERS. 
( 15 ) 



BLYNN & BALDWIN, 

Sign of the Golden Eagle, Neil House, 

COLUMBUS, OHIO. 



mTATPTTT^^J ® ar stoc k °f Gold, Silver, Chronometer, Du- 
WniUfliiO. plex? Lever> Lepinej Rail Road? High-Price, 

Low-Price, and Medium-Price WATCHES, 
is always full and complete. We sell them 

CHEAP. 



JEWELRY. 



We are never out of JEWELRY. We have 
the very patterns that a person would wish to 
buy. Noiv, we hav eCameo, Mosaic, Pearl, Jet, 
Coral, Garnet, Carbuncle, Box and Glass, and 
all-Gold Jewelry ; and if the fashion changes, 
we shall get the new fashion. 



SILVER. 



Our FORKS, SPOONS, LADLES, and 
KNIVES, are in the best styles, and war- 
ranted coin. 



SILVEB No person can beat us on the Silver-Plated 



PLATED 



Articles, such as CAKE BASKETS, CAS- 
TORS, TRAYS, TEA SETTS, URNS, 



GOODS. FORKS, and SPOONS. 



TAMPV POnnO ^ e keep some Fancy Goods. There are 
rAINbl UUUUOi COMBS, PORTE MONAIES, PERFUM- 
ERY, CARD CASES, RETICULES, PA- 
PER WEIGHTS, MATCH BOXES, &c, 
&c, not to mention CLOCKS, coarse and fine, 
PENCILS, GOLD PENS, &c, &c. 



RBPAIRING. 

We repair WATCHES, CLOCKS, and JEWELRY, in the very 

best manner. 

BLYNN & BALDWIN. 

( 16 ) 





SO ARE WE! 




The Spring Street Generating Station, with a capability of 18.850 kilowatts, was located 
in downtown Columbus at Spring and Cozzins streets. It supplied power to the city and 
its suburbs. 



■ I 



NawinWBB 




The Conesville Generating Station, one of Columbus 

and Southern's four generating stations, reflects the 

changing times in its capability of 452,000 

kilowatts. The company's total available net 

generating capability now is 1,166,000 kilowatts. 

This is only one of the many ways we are 
meeting the changing needs of the times. 



COLUMBUS AND SOUTHERN OHIO ELECTRIC COMPANY 



BEST OF THE OLD 



3a^& 




When this home was built a man's word was his 
bond. We believe it should still be that way, so 
that is the way we do business today! 



- BEST OF THE NEW 




We also believe we should use the most modern 
methods and technical advances to give our 
customers the finest, fastest service possible — so 
we do that, too! 




Always at Your Service 

51 East Gay St., 
Columbus, Ohio 43215 
Telephone 614-228-5221 



History 
Makers: 



Today's news events 
Hear them reported 
fast & accurately by 
professionals. 



<WRFD 

RADIO 88 



Ol NATIONWIDE COSSUNICATIONS INC 




'WORTHY OF YOUR TRUST' 

Chapels at . . . 

229 East State St. 

274-1 Cleveland Ave. 

3030 West Broad St. 

5360 E. Livingston Ave. 

17 W Zollinger Rd. 

357U N. Broadway 
Grove City 

Since 1855 




choedinper 

FUNERAL SERVICE O 




YOHO'S 

OOGnSODS, 

THE FAMILY DRIVE-IN RESTAURANT 

3088 WESTERVILLE RD. COLUMBUS, OHIO 
TELEPHONE 471-9330 




DINING ROOM 



EAT IN YOUR CAR 



CARRY-OUT 



HAROLD A. YOHO — PROPRIETOR 
DEAN R. YOHO — MANAGER 



One of 600 franchises serving American 
families from coast to coast 




FIRE PROTECTION SPECIALTIES 
SINCE WAY BACK WHEN! 




. . as old as the bucket 



as modern as monomonium phosphate 

(ABC CHEMICAL) 




% 



HAROLD D. HARD 

2040 OAKLAND PARK AVE. 
COLUMBUS, OHIO 



e/ 




<HX* 




COIN 
SHOP 



/ 



34 N. STATE ST. 

WESTERVILLE, OHIO 43081 

(614) 882-3937 



COINS — CURRENCY 

STAMPS — CURIOS 

Bought — Sold — Traded 



s 



Honest Courteous Service Always 



*>o<* 



y 




RENZETTFS MARKET 
FOODLINER 

1225 Oakland Park Avenue 
Columbus, Ohio 43224 



SERVING 

NORTH COLUMBUS 

FOR 20 YEARS 




QUALITY MERCHANDISE 

WITH 

CUSTOMER SERVICE 



JL^indcn 




iwanis 



CU 



Founded 



September 1928 



Charles E. Arganbright 
*Gordon C. Barber 
George E. Barker 
Elon W. Botts 
Maurice D. Cahill 
Maurice Carries 
Bedford Catchpole 
Frank L. Chaffin 
Joseph L. Colburn 
*John W. Cornwell 
* Chester Croce 
Robert M. Dawson 
Richard Demaree 
Clarence G. Dixon, Jr. 
Dallas Fairall 
Clarence V. Haase 
Harold D. Hard 
**Harold E. Harmon 



ACTIVE MEMBERS 

Bruce Hartzler 
Marvin E. Homstad 
John K. Howell 

*Robert L. Jackson 
James D. Jones 
Andrew Kostanden 
Waldo E. Long 
Bruce C. MacKenzie 
Leo B. Mason 
**Desso T. Mitchell 
Randal W. Near 

*Richard L. Paugh 
Jack T. Perry 

♦Lewis C. Pfeiffer 
Fred Priest 
John Purnhagen 
Virgil D. Puterbaugh 
Milton D. Reese 

*A. F. Renzetti 



♦Walter E. Roudabush 

Eugene W. Sabo 
♦Ralph L. Smith 

Robert F. Smith 

William E. Smith 

H. Delbert Swain 
*E. Don Trubee 
*Orville S. Ward 
♦Harold Washburn 
♦Walter A. Webb 
♦Fred V. White 

Harold P. White 

Terry White 

Chalmer E. Williamson 

Thomas Yeager 

Harold A. Yoho 

Mike Bowers 

Bob Allen 

Domenic Trianfo 



"Earl L. Bougher 
Paul M. Brown 
Bernard Butler 
James E. Eastwood 
Harold L. Klein 



PRIVILEGED MEMBERS 

Leo E. Krouse 

Earl LaValley 
♦Thomas R. Loughran 
♦William Neill 
♦T. Delmont Reese 

Clarence P. Reynolds 



Charles J. Snow 
Elmer J. Whalen 
Daniel J. Whitacre 
Richard L. Zay 
♦Charles A. Zollinger 
Bill Marshall 



Arnold E. Buck 
Harold Dresser 
John Foreman 



SENIOR MEMBERS 

Stewart B. Hinder 
Norris E. Lenahan 
♦Samuel E. Miller 



Walter E. Scott 



HONORARY MEMBER 



Del Bodey 



4 



INDEX 



HISTORY 




OF 



FRANKLIN COUNTY 



BY WILLIAM T. MRTIN 



i 



PLACE AND SUBJECT FINDING LIST 



HISTORY 



FRANKLIN COUNTY: 



A COLLECTION OF 



REMINISCENCES OF THE EARLY SETTLEMENT 
OF THE COUNTY ; 



Siojjragljiral B>fofc\t8, 



AKD A COMPLETE 



BISTORT OF TIIE COUXTT TO THE PRESEKT TIME. 



BY WILLIAM T. MARTIN. 



COLUMBUS: 
PUBLISHED BY FOLLETT, FOSTER & COMTANT 

1 858. 



/&I044-& 



FOREWORD 



Two 1969 events in Columous were the 
formation of Franklin County Chapter of 
Ohio Genealogictl Society and the repub- 
lication of Martin's 1858 History of 
Franklin County by Linden Heights Kiwanis 
Club. 

It seemed quite natural and timely, 
then, for the Franklin County Chapter, 
seeking a project, to choose to index the 
history. 

Though time has passed, it is hoped 
that publication of this index now will 
spark new interest in the Franklin County 
story and that many a history buff's li- 
brary may now be enriched with both the 
history — 1858 or 1969 facsimile — and 
its index. With the exception of nine 
pages of current advertising (not indexed) 
texts of both editions are identical. 



Index of Names 



Abbe, F. 386 

Abbott, J. C. 215 

Abbott, James S. 325,373 
Abbott, Samuel 181 

183,184 
Abel, (Rev.) 381 

Acton, John D. 262 

Adam, A. 386 

Adams, Demas 198,304 

342,382,409 
Adams, John Q. 60,62 

Adams, Percival 32,86 

197.200,201 
Adams, Wm. A. 312,316 
Agler 3 

Agler, Frederick 226,228 
Agler, Geo. W. 77 

Agler, Peter 77 

Alberiy, Herman B. l6l 
Alder, Paul 262 

Alexander, Thos. J. 237 
238 
Alexander, Wm. G. 330 
Alkire 178 

Alkire, Adam 177 

Alkire, Jesse 177 

Allen 274,276 

Allen, Asaph 184,258 

Allen, Benj. 362 

Allen, James 4,59 

Allen, 0. 433 

Allen, Orsamus 384 

Allen, Thomas 274 

Allen, Sage & Beverage 

69 
Allison, Andrew 241 

Altman, Moses 170 

Altman, William 280,335 
Ambos 338 

Ambos, Charles 430,431 
Ambos, P. 431,432 

Ambos, Peter 326,435 

Ambos & Lennox 431 

Anderson, (Rev.) 381 

Andrews, Hiram 146 

Andrews, J. W. 380 

Andrews, John W. 101,143 
394,401 
Andrews, Moses 5 

Andrews, S. W. 298,357 



Andrews, Samuel C. 308 

Anthony, Charles 358,362 

Anthony, Jacob 386 

Armitage, Jacob 23,423 

Armsted, William 244 

Armsted, Wm. S. 242 

Armstrong, (Mrs. )E.B. 330 

Armstrong, Elizabeth 122 

123,130 

Armstrong, J. R. 269 

Armstrong, Jane 364 

Armstrong, Jeremiah 2 

122.135.288 

289,311.331.439 

Armstrong, John 122,123 

127,128,130 

133.134.449 

Armstrong, Robert 2,122 

123,144,145 

288,439,441 

Armstrong, Thomas 216 

Armstrong, William 122 

123,132,133 

134,325.332.443 

Armstrong, William F. 216 

Armstrongs 15 

Arnold, Jacob 80 

Arnold, R. R. 237 

Arnold, Randal R. 237 

Arnold, Thomas 446 

Arrison, Alexander 237 

Arthur, (Rev.) John 216 

Asbury, (Mrs.) 409 

Asbury, Thomas 309 

Aston, James 170 

Aston, William 95 

Atchison, Windsor 77 

Atwater, Russell 5 

Austin, Elijah 211 

Avery 85 

Awl, (Dr.) 92 

Awl, (Mrs. Dr.) 409 

Awl, Robert H. 417 

Awl, (Dr.) Wm. M. 90,308 

362.373 

415,416,418,419 

Babbitt, L. W. 363 

Bachus, Elijah 51,157 

256.356,357 



Backus, Orin 95 

Backus, Thomas 51.52 

159.256 
Backus, William W. 159 
Bacus, Thomas 245 

Badger, Joseph 176 

Badger. Wm. 247,249 

Bailey, David 204 

Bailey, L. C. 323 

Bailey, Matthew 61 

Bailhache, (Mrs.) 409 
Bailhache. John 58,444 
Bain, Wm. 298 

Baker, (Mrs.) 118 

Baker, James H. 448 

Baker, John E. 297.350 
Baldwin, (Judge) 371 

Baldwin, Henry 294 

Baldwin, J. W. 77,99.446 
Baldwin, Michael 20,142 
Baldwin, Sylvanus 218 
Baldwin. T. S. 379 

Baldwin, Joshua, & Co. 

310 
Balentine 15 

Balentine, Robert 5,15 
Ball, (Dr.) 280 

Ball, Danforth E. 414 
Ball, (Dr.) John 61 

Ball's Tannery 297 

Bamb rough, Will jam 382 
Bancroft, Harvey 76,165 
Barbee, James W. 161 

Barcus, John 330 

Barker, C. A. 417 

Barker, Chauncey 181 

Barlow 336,341 

Barnhard, (Rev.) John 387 
Barnum, G. T. 363 

Barr, (Rev.) Andrew 216 
Barr, John 140,142 

Barr, (Dr.) R. N. 376,401 
Barr, Samuel 33.61,78 
98.103 

284 290 
Bartlett, J. F. '435 

Bartlett, Samuel 141 

Bartley, Mordecai 448 
Bartley, Thomas W. 447 
Bartlit, John F. 326 



Index of Names continued 



Bartlit 4 Smith, 

Bankers 324 

Bascora, Wm. T. 59 

Bassett, Alexander 204 
Batchelder,(Rev.)J.L. 65 
Batehara, M. B. 66,101 
102,104,379 
Bates, J. L. 443 

Bates, (Mrs.) J. L. 409 
Bates, James L. 155 

Batterson, C. E. 435 

Baughman, Adam 221 

Baughman, C. 223 

Baughman, George 226 

Baughman, Jesse 77 

146,227 
Baughman, John T. 227 
Baughman, Samuel 221 

Beach, Chauncey 262 

Beach, Samuel 4,28,30 
Beall, Reisin 263 

Beals, George 241 

Beard, C. C. 306 

Beard, Chas. C. 166 

Beard, Daniel 258 

Beaty, John 19 

Bebb, William 448 

Beebe, Cyrus 426 

Beebe, J. H. 436 

Beecher, Philemon 138 
Beem, A. B. 223 

Beers, David 228,229,230 
Beers, George W. 231 

Beers , James 181 

Beers, Moses 233 

Beers , Solomon 74 

Belt, Levin 154 

Benfield, A. 166 

Benfield, Archibald 49 
61 
Bennett, William 20 

26,86 
Berk, Bernard 329 

Bevelheimer, Christian 

222 
Beverage, Allen, Sage &, 

see Allen, Sage & 

Beverage 
Big Cat 111 

Bigelow, Daniel 284 



Bigelow, Russell 3° 9 

362,367 
Bigelow, (Rev.) Russell 

359 
3igger, John 192 

Bigger, Samuel 284 

Billingsly, Barzillia 

259 
Bills, Asa 238 

Bishop, (Capt.) 47 

Bishop, (Capt.) John 235 
Bishop, Wm. 131 

Black, George 245 

Blair, Alexander 26,195 
Blair, John 2,25,26 

142,144 
Blake, Benjamin 98,99 
102,104,446 
Blake, Wm. W. 310 

Blake & Osgood 69 

Blenkner, John 297.437 
Bliss, Albert A. 449 

Blue, (Lieut.) 120 

Blue, G. 367 

Blynn, William 376 

Boales, (Dr.) A. N. 199 
Boardman,(Rev.) George 

L. 374 

Bonam, Reuben 158 

Bond, Wm. K. 342 

Bond & Walbridge 310 

Booth, E. 366 

Borer, Solomon 80 

Borers 247 

Borgess, (Rev.) 387 

Bowers, Allen 259 

Bown, Thomas 170 

Boyd, Bartley 177 

Boyd, James 253.260 

Boyd, Robert 258 

Boyd, William 215 

Boyle, (Dr.) 92 

Brackenridge , W. 81 

Brackenridges 247 

Bradford, Sam'l 363 

Breck, W. F. 248 

Breslin, John G. 449 

Brett, E. C. 250 

Brewerton, Henry 307 

Breyfogle, C. 363 



Brickell, John 2,23 

105,121,272 

279.365.390 

Brien, L. 240 

Bristol, David 4 

Britton, Benjamin 244 

248 

Britton, John T. 246 

Brodbeck, (Rev.) Paul 

366 
Broderick, David S. 50 
Broderick, John C. 148 
Brodrick, David S. 283 

284,449 
Brodrick, J. C. 166 

Brooks, Cyrus 368 

Brooks, David 309. 3H 
Brooks, John 309.442,444 
Brooks, Nathan 191 

Brooks, Reuben 309 

Brooks, Robert 331 

Brotherlin, Adam 161,252 
Brotherlin & Halm 435 
Brotherton, Robert 70 

151.160 
299.300,440 
Brotherton, (Capt.) 

Robert 43,44 

Brotherton & Kooken 310 
Brotherton & Walcutt 

Addition 300 

Brough, John 169,449 

Brown, (Squire) 257 

Brown, A. C. 393 

Brown, B. B. 417,444 

Brown, B. S. 432 

Brown, D. W. 363 

Brown, Daniel M. 204 

Brown, Ethan Allen 447 
Brown, Ezekiel 144 

182,184 

Brown, Ezra 20,26 

Brown, H. 85 

Brown, Henry 33,49,61,70 

140,175.273 

285.288,290, 308 

332,439,442,449 

Brown, Horace 367 

Brown, Israel P. 253 

Brown, Morris 25 



Index of Names continued 



Brown, Thomas 363 

Brown, Mm. 16,247 

249,369 

Brown, Shoedinger &, see 

Shoedinger & Brown 
Browns 15 

Brack, Daniel 204 

Brack, J. P. 190,191 

363.411,432,435 
Braner, Asbury 368 

Brank, Daniel 245 

Brash, Samuel 78,79,96 
Brash, W. 236 

Bryan, John A. 62,167 
308,449 
Bryan, John L. 158 

Bryan, Russel C. 63 

Bryden, David 169 

Bryden, James 146,252 
Buck, Daniel 244 

Buckbee, R. I67 

Buckingham, Ebenezer 

13.14 
Buckles, Abram 193 

Bull, Alanson 74,231 

Bull, Billingsby 50 

206,211 
Bull, Jason 231,232 

Burbank, Julia B. 420 
Burr, Charles E. 185 

Burr, John 101,102,103 
Burr, P. 185 

Burr, Philo 184 

Burr & Gregory 310 

Burton, (Rev.) Win. 412 
Bush, Samuel 98,99 

Butler, C. P. L. 437,446 
Butler, Ebenezer 49,226 
Butler, Emory 443 

Butler, Henry 332 

Butler, John 434,446 

Buttles 32 

Buttles, A. I65 

Buttles, Albert 158 

Buttles, Arora 151,156 
180,183,299 
Buttles, J. B. 363 

Buttles, Joel 57.101,164 
166,198,281,285,290 
323.325.379,438,440 



Buttles, (Mrs.) Joel 409 
Buttles, Levi 5 

Buttles, Lucian 169 

Buttles, Lucien 98,99 
100,102 
Buttles & Matthews 309 
Byington, Jessie 221 

Bywaters, J. P. 208 

Byxbee, Moses 165 

Cadwallader, T. 311 

Caldwell, John 246 

Caldwell, William 177 
Callahan, B. 209 

Cambridge, John 214 

Cameron, Alex. 211,212 
Canfield, J. G. 165 

Carlisle, James 419 

Carney, Elijah 144 

Carpenter, James 225 

Carpenter, Nathan 28 

Carpenter, Reuben I83 
235.236,237 
Carpenter's Mill 6 

Carper, Joseph 367 

Carr, William K. 170 

Carrington, H. B. 375 
Carter, Francis, M.D.401 
Cartright, Edward 144 
Cary, (Rev.) J. Addison 

414 
Case, Ermine 77,375 

Case, I. N. 185 

Case, Isaac 183,184 

Case, Isaac N. 171 

Case, Israel 163 

Case, Israel P. 5 

Case, Job 5 

Case, Luther 184,185 

Case, Uriah 284 

Chaff in, Reuben 196 

Chambers, (Dr.) D.J. 41? 
Champ, George P. 171 

Champ, William 201 

Champion, (Mrs.) J.N. 409 
Chaney, Charles 213 

Chaney, H.L. 144 

Chaneys 207 

Chaney 1 s Mill 207 

Chapin, William 418,419 



Chapman, Samuel 109 
Chase, (Bishop) 

Philander 379 

Chase, Salmon P. 448 

Chase, Talman 353 

Cheney, (Rev.) 384 
Chenoweth, Joseph 76,143 

193 
Cherry, James 190,328 

332.373 
Cherry, John 81 

Chester, ELias 214 

Chew, A. S. 54 

Chittenden, (Mrs.) 409 
Chittenden, Asahel 56 
Choat, Isaac 113 

Christie 285 

Churchman, George 204 
Clark, A. 209 

Clark, C. H. 433 

Clark, Jackson 215 

Clark, Jeremiah 144 

Clark, John 100,146,227 
Clark, John W. 367,368 
Clark, Sumner 187,310 
Clark, Uriah 48,258 

Clark, William 421 

Clark & Wood Co. 187 

Clay. Henry 60,294 

Claypool, Abraham 139 
Clayton 319 

Clemen, (Rev.) Robert 

386 
Cleveland, Thomas 67 

Clinton, (Governor) 302 

303 
Clinton, DeWitt 168 

Cloud 90 

Cloud, (Capt.) Robert 

89 
Clover, Aaron 251 

Clover, George M. 262 
Clover, Henry 251 

Clover, Jacob 251 

Clover, John 251 

Clover, Joshua 251 

Clover, Peter 251,253 
Clover, Philip 251 

Clover, Samuel 251 

Clover, Solomon 251 



Index of Names continued 



Clover, William 251 

Clover family 251 

Clymer, Francis 223 

Cochran, Glass 5.183 

Coffin, Joseph 432 

Coffman, Henry 204,205 
Cof froth, John B. 444 
Coggeshall, Win. T. 449 
Coit, George 164 

"Cokeley" 289 

Cole, David P. 252,254 
Cole, Frederick 148 

154,193 
Cole, Geo. 65 

Cole, Nathan 153 

Coleman, John 210 

Colgate, C. 187 

Colgate & Co. 187 

Collett, John 280,281 
Collins, John 367 

Compston, John B. 306 
Compston, Nelson 330 

Compton, Ezekiel 240 

Comstock 436 

Comstock, B. 74 

Comstock, Buckley 47,143 
Comstock, George G. 170 
Comstock, Theodore 147 

434,446 
Comstock 's Warehouse 84 
Connell, Benjamin 213 
Connell, 0. F. 209 

Connell, William 213 

Connell, Z. 168 

Connelly, Jacob B. 236 
237 
Conner, Patrick 204 

Conrad, P. T. 164 

Conrad, Woolery 48 

Conrod, Woolry 247,249 
Converse, Elijah 330 

Converse, Geo. L. 159 
Cook, (Col.) 48 

Cook, (Hon.) Asher 420 
Cook, Vim. 329 

Cookes, John 217 

Cool, Isaac 359.362 

Cooper, A. 366 

Cooper, Archibald 215 
Cooper, John 235 



Cooper, William 235 

Copeland, G. M. 165,167 
Copeland.Geo. M. 166,168 
Copeland, J. W. 167 

Copeland, Jared W. 237 
Corban, Joseph 244 

Corey, James K. 49.159 
Cornell, Zachariah 368 
Corner 379 

Cortright, Jesse 154 

Cortright, Richard 217 

218 
Corwin, Thomas 447 

Cory, James K. 285 

Courtney, Richard 61,296 
Courtright, John 212 

Covert, S. H. 194 

Cowan, Ira 181 

Cowgills 15 

Cowles, R. W. 146,180 
181,183,184 
Cox 127,129 

Cox, Ambrose 5 

Cox, Emmer 211 

Cox, Emmor 206 

Cox, Horatio J. 363 

Cox, John 212 

Cox, S. S. 64,138 

Crabb, Henderson 241 

Cradlebaugh, John 141 
Crary, H. 431,436 

Crary, Holdemond 148,446 
Crawford 111 

Crawford, Matthew 218 
Creighton, Joseph H. 368 
Creighton, William 24 

142 
Creighton, William, Jr. 

448 
Cressey, (Rev.) 383 

Cressey, (Mrs.)T.R. 408 
Crisman, Conrad 333 

Criss, W. T. 417 

Crosby, Otis 300,442 

Crosby, Samuel 300 

Crosby Addition 300 

Crosby, 0. & S. 310 

Crum, Cornelius 143 

Crum, George C. 368 

Culbertson, Andrew 186 



Culbertson, James 50,197 
Culbertson, Robert 2,26 
369,371 
Culbertson, Samuel 61 
Curry, Hiram M. 42 

350.449 
Curry, 0. T. 194 

Curtis, (Dr.) 69,383 

Curtis, Frederick A. 167 
Curtis, Jeremiah 5 

Curtis, John 78 

Curtis, L. A. 417 

Curtis, Pliny 97 

Cutler, John 288,290,439 
Cutler, Robert 446 

Cutler, Samuel 414 

Cutler, Delano, see 
Delano & Cutler 

Dague, Daniel 239 

Dalton, (Mrs.) 408 

Dalton, Isaac 328,329 

373 .419 
Dalzell 198 

Dalzell, James 144 

156,157 
Dalzell, William 48,228 
Daniels, Howard 394 

Darlinton, Joseph 263 
Darnell, William 79 

Davidson, Isaac 259 

Davies 437 

Davis, (Rev.) A. A. 381 
Davis, Asa 244 

Davis, Edward 30 9 

Davis, (Rev.) Henry 384 
Davis, John 224 

Davis, Moses 203 

Davis, Nathan 384 

Davis, Orange 284 

Davis, S. B. 80 

Davis, (Dr.) S. B. 81 
Davis, S. S. 101 

Davis, Samuel S. 146 

258 
Davis, Swan &, see Swan 

& Davis 
Dawson, (Dr.) John 363 

401,419 
Day, William 282 



Index of Names continued 



Dayton, (Gen.) Jonathan 

239 
Dean, William 241 

Dean & McKinney 311 

Dean's Mill 227 

Deardurf 16 

Deardurf, Samuel 177 

Deardurf s 2,15 

Decker 436,437 

Decker, A. S. 366, 444 
Decker, Augustus S. 94 
95.446 
Decker, Elias 206 

Decker, Elisha 211 

Decker, Isaac 20 6 

207.211 
Decker, Isaac D. 208 

Decker, Luke 86 

Decker, Peter 165 

Decker, W. T. 101 

Decker, A. S., & Co. 436 
Deckers 32 

Deimer, Jacob B. 249 

Delafield, John, Jr. 304 
Delano, Columbus 138 

Delano, H. 166 

Delano & Cutler 285 

Delashmut, E. N. 160 

Delashmut, Elias N. 150 
Delashmut, Starling &, 

see Starling & 

Delashmut 
De Lezinski. (Dr.)A. 363 
Denig, (Dr.) C. E. 92 
Dennison, William 141 
Dennison, Wm. , Jr. 97, 321 
380,420,423,446 
Derby 64 

Deshler, D. W. 309,321 
322,325,326 

332,373 
Deshler, David W. I89 

190,304 
Deshler, W. G. 304 

Deshler, Wm. G. 79,393 
Dewey, Laurin 363 

Dick, (Mrs.) 114 

Dick, Jane 109,113 

Dick, Thomas 109 

Dickey, Michael 195 

Dickinson, Rudolph 284 



Dickson, Joseph 23 

Dildine, R. F. 209 

Dill, Andrew 47,86 

145,151.201 

Dill. John 2,17,22,27 

30,31.78 

155.197.369.371 

Dimmock, A. G. 363 

Disney, C. 417 

Dixon 15 

Dixon, Joseph 2,160 

369.371 

Dobb, (Rev.) A. F. 380 

Dobyns, Thomas W. 244 

246 

Doherty, (Col.) 87 

Doherty, David S. 88,329 

Doherty, Emanuel 330 

Doherty, William 140,143 

159.285.330 

342,390 

Dolson family 130 

Domigan, William 2,60 

91,92,152 

160,369,371.446 

Domigan, William, Sr. 

22,25 
Donahoo, J. T. 363 

Donahoo, James T. 164 
Donaldson, Luther 75.446 
Donaldson, Miller, & 
Co. , see Miller, 
Donaldson & Co. 
Doolittle, (Rev. ) Nelson 
382 
Douglas, Samuel 59 

Douglass, Eri 205 

Douty, G. 326,446 

Dove, Reuben 210 

Dowdall, Joseph 443 

Downing, Francis 253 

Drake 437 

Drody, Wm. 232 

Drummon & Scott 333 

Dryer, (Mrs.) I. G. 409 
Duff, William 80 

Duff, William C. 249 

Duffy, (Capt.) John 69 
Duh-guah 131 

Duncan, Daniel 138 

Dunkin 15 



Dunlap, James 142 

Dunn, John 249,250 

Dunning, William 200 

Dutton. E. M. 208 

Dyer, Samuel 192,195 

Dyer, William 192 

Dyer's 6 

Dyer's Mill 192 

Dyxon, Henry 236 

Earhart, George 201 

Earhart, John H. 80 

Earhart, M. K. 212 

Eaton, (Rev.) 382 

Eaton, C. L. 174,363 

Eaton, Charles L. 144 
Eberly, John 203,204,205 
Eberly, (Dr.) P. H. 308 
Eberly' s Mill 187 

Ebey, Jacob 161 

Eddy, Augustus 367 

Edgar, John 47,213 

Edgar, Joseph 240 

Edmison, W. G. 78 

Edmiston, (Mrs. Dr.) 409 
Edmiston, (Dr.) John M. 

280,308 
Edwards, E. W. 209 

Eels, (Dr.) Geo. E. 416 
Eldridge, (Rev.) Daniel 

384 
Elliot 113.114 

Elliot, D. S. 100 

Elliott, Robert 48,245 
Elliot, William 268 

Elliot, Wilson 266 

Ellis, Elijah 288 

Ely. (Dr.) L. 417 

Emery, Robert A. 164 

Emrie, Jonas R. 63 

England, Titus 194 

English, Lorenzo 444 

English, William 330 

Espy, Hugh M., & Co. 69 
Espy, (Mrs.) J. M. 409 
Espy, James 322 

Espy, Jonah M. 290 

Evans, Daniel 92,191 

Evans, George W. 205 

Evans, Harvey D. 342 

Evans, John 142 



Index of Names continued 



Evans, 


Mark 


215 


Ewing, 


James 


29 


Ewing, 


Jno. 


363 


Ewing, 


Joshua 


20,26 


Ewing, 


Thomas 


412 



Fabius (pen name) 51 

Fane her, James 218 

Faran, James J. 316 

Farber, Paul 224 

Fares, Dennis 257 

Fares, N. E. 262 

Fas set 85 

Fay, Cyrus 332,353 

Fay, W. B. 166 

Fay, Waldo B. 164 

Ferguson, J. M. 231 

Ferguson, James 24,231 
Fernandes, H. S. 367 

Ferree, John 367 

Ferson, John J. 375 

Field, (Squire) 427 

Field, Henry A. 164,165 
Field, John 382,383,444 
Field, William 191 

Fieser, Reinhardt A.see 

Reinhardt & Fieser) 
Fillmore 66 

Findlay, James 263 

Finley, J. B. 363 

Finley & Hanford 310 

Finney, Jerry 422 

Fish, William 40 

Fisher, Jacob 177 

Fisher, James 441 

Fisher, John 102 

Fisher, Joseph 86 

Fisher, Michael 28,61 
144,189,197,201 
Fisher, Philip 74 

Fisher, Philip D. 444 
Fitch, (Rev.) M. 362 

Fitzgerald, (Rev.) 387 
Fitzgerald, Edward 143 
Fleming, William 2 

Flenniken, (Judge) 147 
413 
Flenniken, Samuel 28,30 
Flenniken, Samuel G. 48 
49,145. 156 
157.299,369 



Fletcher, Harvey 165 

Flintham, William I69 
Flood 314 

Flood, Charles B. 69,88 
Florence, Elias 140 

Flournoy, (Gen.) 87 

Flournoy, T. C. 285 

Flournoy, Thomas C. 143 
Follett, 0. 321 

Follett, Oran 59 

Foos, (Capt.) 84 

Foos, (Gen.) 175 

Foos, Jacob 2 

Foos, Joseph 17.20,21 
22,25,27,29,30 
61,139.140,155 
Foote's Map 9.10 

Forbes, Alexander C. 422 
423 
Ford, M. P. 379 

Ford, Seabury 448 

Ford, Thomas 448 

Foster, Esther 421 

Foster, Henry 427 

Fox, (Rev.) Charles 380 
Francis, Davies 190 

Francis, Henry 262 

Francis, John M. 414 

Francisco, Peter 239 

Frankenberg, George 94 
Frankenburg, Ernst 56 
Frazer, John 368 

Freeman, Moses 364 

Freeraont, John C. 60 

Freese, (Rev.) A. P. 385 
French, John 214 

French, (Rev.) Wm.C. 381 
Frizzell, Lemuel 177 

Frye, Saunders &, see 

Saunders & Frye 
Fuller. J. 194 

Fullerton, Geo. S. 417 
Fulton, Elijah 23 

Fulton, Hugh 230 

Fulton, (Rev.) John M. 

200,216 
Fulton, Robert 230 

Fuson, J. M. 164,166 

Fuson, James M. 171 

Gale, (Gen.) Edgar 329 



Gale, Franklin 66 

Gale, Henrietta E. 330 
Gale, Richard, Jr. 258 
Gallagher, John M. 59 
Galloway, Samuel 138 

431,448 
Galloway, (Mrs.) Samuel 

409 
Gander, Jacob 32,206,211 
Gangewer, A. M. 67 

Gannett, Barzillai 290 
Gantz, Adam 76 

Gantz, John 249,254 

Gard, B. F. 329.361 

363.397 
Gardiner, Benj. 164 

290,379 
Gardiner, James 48,192 
Gardiner, James B. 60,61 
64,175,283,284 
288,289,439,441 
Gares, Edmund 171.209 
Gares, Edward 209 

Gares, Samuel 215 

Garrard, Israel 66 

Gault, (Col.) 359 

Gault, Wm. W. 308,352 
Gaver, Elias 161 

Gay, (Dr.) 413 

Gay, (Dr.) N. 361 

Gaylord, (Rev.) N.M. 382 
Geary, John 65 

Geiger, George 193 

Geiger, (Mrs.) Joseph 

409 
Gelin, Samuel 353 

Gere, George 433 

German , James 86 

Gibbon, Newton 366 

Gibson, Thomas 448 

Gibson, William H. 449 
Gifford, (Rev.) M. 383 
Gilbert 63 

Gilbert, M. J. 308 

311.356 
Gilbert, Matthew J., 

Addition 300 

Gill, J. L., Jr. 430 

Gill, John L. 326,430 
Gill, Wm. A. 325.430 

Gill, W. A, & Co. 310 



Index of Names continued 



Gill Foundry 430 

Gillespie 135 

Gillet, Samuel 228 

Gills & McCune ^30 

Girty 108,109 

Girty, George 107 

Glanville, Joshua 212 
249 
Glenn, Alexander E. 101 
103.170.394 
Glenn, Charles S. 68 

Glover, E. 366 

Glover, Elijah 58,63,67 
Glover, Henry 430 

Glover, 0. 67 

Gobey, George 414 

Goble, P. 182 

Godard, Monsieur 319,320 
Godman, Julius G. 441 
Godman, William 211 

Goeches, Nicholas 176 
211 
Goetschius, J. W. 194 
Goetschius, Nicholas 47 
Goldsmiths 247 

Golliday, Reuben 48,176 
195.254 
Goodale, (Dr.) 275.443 
Goodale. L. 32,33.61,332 
399.401,440,441 
Goodale, Lincoln 153,164 
Goodale, L., & Co. 309 
Gooding, M. 366 

Gooding , (Mrs . )Matthew 

330 
Goodman, (Rev. )S.T. 388 
Goodrich, John, Jr. I83 
184 
Gorton, Ira M. 170 

Gorton, Joseph 176 

Gould, John 5 

Gowdy, (Rev.) G. W. 377 
Graf, (Rev.) 386 

Graham, Geo. D. 215,218 
219 
Graham, Jas. 152,160,177 
Graham, John 154, l6o 

162,252 
Graham, Thomas 252 

Graham, Wm. 203,205,412 



Grate, Joseph 61,145,147 

148,175.176 

Gray, John M. 166 

Green, E. C. 219 

Green, John L. 140 

Green & McLene 281 

Greenleaf, John 160 

169.397 

Greenwood. John 146.309 

322,362,363 

382,440,443 

Gregory, David 144,363 

Gregory, N. 187 

Gregory, Burr &, see 

Burr & Gregory 
Gregory, Sherwood &, see 

Sherwood & Gregory 
Greiner, John 59.68,449 
Greiner & Glenn 68 
Griffith, James B. 330 
Griffith, Timothy 167 

308,330.353 

Griffiths, Jno. R. 363 

Grlmke, Frederick 154 

155 

Grinnell, Win. H. 237,238 

Grinnold, Russell N. 253 

254 

Griswold, Chester I65 

168 

Griswold, Cicero 235 

Griswold, Ezra 5.28,30 

163. 183 

Griswold, Ezra, Jr. 57 

58,62 

Griswold, G. H. 180 

181,182 

Griswold, Isaac 234 

235.236 

Grover, Ira 311 

Grover, James L. 368,381 

Grubb, Jacob 2,26,89,143 

149,176.177.365 

Grubb, Peter 365 

Gruebler, J. 386 

Guard, (Dr. )B.F., see 

also Gard) 329 

Gundry, R. 417 

Gundy, Jacob 195 

Gurley, L. B. 309 



Gurley, Leonard 
Gwynne, Eli W. 

Haddock, Win. 
Haines, John 
Haire, John H. 
Hall, (Rev.) 
Hall, John S. 



367 
76,332 

191 
193 
199 
372 

169 

431,432 

Hall's MILL 16 

Halm, M. 366 

Halm, Brotherlin A, see 

Brotherlin & Halm 
Hamer, T. L. 166 

Hamilton 3 

Hamilton , J . W . 363 , 379 , 401 
Hamilton, Samuel 367 

Hamilton, William 186 
Hamlin, E. S. 66 

Hamlin, Nathaniel 187 
Hamm, (Dr.) John 342 

Hamtramack, (Gen.) 133 
Hance, William 68 

Hanford, Finley &, see 

Finley & Hanford 
Hanmaker, Daniel 225 

Hanson, John 47,214 

Hardesty, E. G. 217 

Hardy, C. J. 321 

Hare, Jacob 280,332 

338,426 
Harkness, L. G. 316 

Harlan, Carter B. 448 
Harper, John L. 449 

Harper, William 29 

Harrington, D. W. 18i 
Harris, Barnabas 219 

Harris, James 332 

Harris, John 376 

Harris, Orin 215 

Harris, (Col.) S. D. 66 
Harris, Stephen 228 

Harris, William 204 

Harrison, (Gen.) 40,64 
65.257.436 
Harrison, Isaac 235 

Harrison, Patterson 201 
Harrison, William 79 

165,173 
Harrison, Win. H. 60,137 



Index of Names continued 



Hart, G. W. 237 

Hart, Gideon W. 235,237 
Hart, John 244 

Hart, John H. 182 

Hart, Moses 244 

Harte, R. E. 419 

Hartwell's Hill I98 

Harvey, George 3. 90,280 
328,329,330,332 
339.364.365.W+ 
Harvey, (Mrs.) Geo. B. 

339 
Hasseltine, J. M. C. 403 
Ha swells 64 

Haughton, J. L. 434 

Haun, Nicholas 247 

Haver, John 166,410 

Hawk en, Henry 228 

Hawken, John 228 

Haws, (Rev.) 383 

Hawthorn, N. W. 236 

Hayden, Isaac 260 

Hayden, John 260 

Hayden, P. 399,433 

Hayden, Peter 321 

430,432 
Hayden' s Factory 15 

Hays, A. M. 181 

Hays, Brice 204 

Hays, George 200,211 

Hays, Levi 5 

Hays, Sylvester 181 

Hayward, Elijah 449 

Hazel, (Capt.) 302 

Hazlett, Isaac 266 

Headly, A. C. 209 

Headly, Wm. 239.241 

Heath, Richard 195.196 
Heath, Uriah 368 

Heaton, David F. 61 

Hedden, Edward 91.92 

Helmick, Geo. W. 194,196 
Helmick, J. 194 

Helpman, John 212 

Henderson, Henry 423 

Henderson, Joseph 257 
Henderson, R. C. 86 

Henderson, Samuel 48 

Henderson, William 177 
330.422,423,424 



Henderson family 230 

Hendren, Wm. D. 211 

Hendron, Hiram 144 

Hendron, William D. 207 
Henold, Christian 428 
Herancourt, G. M. I67 
Herd, William 411 

Herr, William 3^7 

Hersey, Thomas 208 

Hertz, Christian 329 

Hertzel, Joshua 199 

Hess, Daniel 154,232 

Hesses 230 

Heyl, C. 78,85 

166,398,403 
Heyl, Christian 47,48,77 
149,156,157. 28D 
281, 311, 439, 441, 442 
Heyl, Conrad 333.338,339 
Heyl, (Judge) 227,300 
332,398 
Heyl, L. 402 

Heyl, Lewis 158,159 

Heyl & Parsons Addition 

300 
Hibbs 198 

Hibbs, A. G. 80,81,199 
Hibbs, Aden G. 76,80,415 
Higgins, Samuel 251 

Higgins, Stewart &, see 

Stewart & Higgins 
Higgy. Randolph 248 

Billiard, John R. 243 
Hills, Lorin 221,222 

Hills, (Dr.) R. 416 

Hines 437 

Hines, (Judge) 297,298 
Hines, 0. P. 146,147,149 
Hines, Oliver P. 384 

Hines & Miller 437 

Hinkle, (Rev.) Charles 

384,402 
Hinkson, Benjamin 308 

448 
Hitchcock, (Rev.) Henry L. 

374 

Hoge, (Dr.) 199,216,274 

276,400,418 

Hoge, (Rev.) James 274,309 

369.37O.37i 



372,373.376,412 
Hoge, (Mrs.) James 408 
Holton, D. L. 83 

Holton, David 419 

Hone, Henry 235 

Hooper, Jacob 367 

Hooscoatah-jah (Little 

Head) 131 

Hoover, Nicholas 48 

Hopkins, R. C. 417 

Horlacker, Daniel 224 
225 
Horlocker, Peter 78 

Hosack, Adam 16,29,61 
145,150,152,160,175 
Hoskins, John 31 

Hoster 297.437 

Hoster, L. 435 

Hoster, Lewis 446 

Hoster 4 Silbernagle 437 
Hoster* s brewery 297 

Hough, Benjamin 448 

Houston, (Capt.) 350 

Houston, Caleb 164,166 

288,289,297,439 
Howard, Caleb 62 

Howard, David 254 

Howard, Horton 52,68 

161,306,403 
Howard, Jas. 204 

Howard, (Dr.) R. L. 419 
Howard, Silas 215 

Howard's Mills 244 

Howe, Richard 153 

Howie, Charles A. I69 
Howlett, M. P. 446 

Hoyt, Stephen 181,182,185 
Hubbard, Geo. 322 

Hubbard, H. M. 321 

Hubbard, W. B. 394 

Hubbard, Wm. B. 321,324 
Hubbell 413 

Hubbell, H. N. 285,412 
Hubbell, Horatio N. 414 
Hubbell, R. H. 56 

Huffman, George 81 

Huffman, Henry 221 

Huffman, Jacob 81 

Huffman, John 3,173 

221,362,363 



Index of Names continued 



Hugget, James 262 

Hughes, W. L. 436 

Hughs, Joseph S. 168 

Hulburd, F. K. 170 

Hume, Robert 97,98,99 
104,316, 397,446 
Humphrey, Lemuel G. 5 
Humphrey, Leonard 167 
Humphrey, Lester 222 

Hunter, John 48,187 

230,232,369 
Hunter, Joseph 20,23,26 
369,371 
Hunter, M. S. 88 

Hunters 15 

Hunter's Warehouse 299 
Huntington 320 

Huntington, P. W. 322 
Huntington, Samuel 447 
Hurd, Hinman 330 

Huston, Fanny 330 

Hutcheson, Joseph 322 

323 
Hutchinson, Amaziah 245 
Hutchinson, Z. 203,205 
Hutchinson, Zenas 170 

204 
Hutchison, Amaaiah 258 
Hyde, N. A. 378,379 

Hyre, H. 165 

Ide, W. E. 397,432 

I jams, Hugh 228 

I jams, John F. 446 

Inks, John 241 

Innis, G. S. 82,100 

231,233 
Irish, (Rev.) N. 381 

Irwin, William 200 

Jackson, Andrew 62 

Jackson, Peter 308 

Jackson, Z. 83 

Jacobs, vto. 201 

James, John 126,127,412 
James, Wm. 209 

Jameson, J. W. 171 

Jameson, Robert 237 

Jamison, David 17,20,21 
22,27,29,30 



61,145,155.369 

Jamison, J. M. 366,368 

Jamison, J. W. 83 

Jamison, William l6l 

Janney 227 

Jeffords, John 440 

Jeffords, John E. 304 

Jeffries, A. W. 229 

Jeffries, George 161,298 

383,440 

Jenkins, Warren 63,190 

324,444 

Jennings, Eli F. 98 

99,146 

Jewett, (Col.) 297 

Jewett, Elam 232 

Jewett, Henry 306 

Jewett, Moses 102,297 

John, William 166,306 

Johnson, B. F. 182,363 

Johnson, F. 223 

Johnson, Orange 70,71 

Johnson, William 424 

Johnston 118,276 

293,425 

Johnston, Abraham 215 

Johnston, James 186,264 

266,268,269 

272,275,278,301 

Johnston, John B. 200 

Johnston, R. R. 217 

Johnston, Thomas 61,140 

142.156 

Johnston, William 154 

Johnston, Kerr, 

McLaughlin &, see 

Kerr, McLaughlin 4 

Johnston 

Johnstons 32,197 

Jones, (Dr.) 10 3 

Jones, (Rev.) 376 

Jones, Amasa 164 

166,168 

Jones, F. G. 431 

Jones, G. W. 343 

Jones, Greenbury R. 367 

Jones, (Dr.) I. G. 102 

362 

Jones, Richard 366 

Jones, Theophilus 171 



Jones, Thomas F. 419 

Jones, William 426 

Jucksch, Charles 92,191 

Justice, Robert 204 

Kane, James 0. 215 

Kanemacher, George 436 
Kannemacher, George 386 
Karst, Christian 329 

Kasson, W. M., & Co. 310 
Keim, Philip 229 

Kell, Samuel 254 

Kellar, Jacob 151 

175.176 
Kellar, John A. 178 

Kelley, Alfred 140,141 

143,300,344,408 
Kelley, (Mrs.) Alfred 

409 
Kelley, John 353 

Kelley, M. 408 

Kelley, N. B. 444 

Kelley, N. J. 428 

Kelley, Nicholas 428 

Kelley & Northrup's 

Addition 301 

Kellogg, (Rev.) 38I 

Kelly, John 190,441 

Kelly, N. B. 316 

Kelly, Nathan B. I69 

Kelsey, (Mrs.) 373 

Kelso, John 240 

Kelton, F. C. 383,434 
Kendrick, (Dr.) E. 416 
Kendrick,(Dr.) 0. C. 417 
Kennedy, Thomas 377,449 
Kent, C. W. 310 

Kenyon, J. C. 366 

Kerr 295,389 

Kerr, John 49,50,139,156 

164,264,266,268 

269,272,273.275 
278,288,289 

290,301,439,441 
Kerr, Samuel 192,195 

Kerr, McLaughlin & 

Johnston 356 

Kesling, George 63 

Kilbourn, Lemuel 5 

Kilbourne, (Col.) 5,27 



Index of Names continued 



Kilbourne continued 

57,71,180,198 

Kilboume, Byron 441 

Kilbourne, James 4,5,27 

28,30,^,137,143 

152,163,165,168 

181,182,183,289,290 

Kilbourne, John 41 

62,379 

Kilbourne, Win. 204 

Kilbourne' s Map 

of Ohio 41 

Kile, John 206 

Kile, W. Irf. 212 

Kiles 32 

Kilgore, John 262 

Kimball, H. H. 383 

Kimball, Pearl 379 

433,434 
Kincaid, Thomas 160 

King, (Squire) 344 

King, A. C. 209 

King, Eli C. 49,189 

440,441 
King, Henry W. 448 

King, Matthew 392 

King, Robert 39,177 

King, Samuel 61,369,441 
King, William 90 

Kingsley, E. D. 406 

Kinnear, Samuel 232,233 
Kinney, John M. 319,320 
Kinney, (Mrs.) 328 

Kinney, Rosvell H. 414 
Kirby, Moses H. 159,448 
Kirker, Thomas 447 

Knoderer, W. F. 366 

Knoderer, William 386 
Knox, John 238 

Koch, William 386 

Kooken, (Capt.) 44 

Kooken, James 49,140 

164,350.351.439 
Kooken, Brotherton &, 
see Brotherton & 
Kooken 
Kooser, Daniel 280,281 
Kosciusko, Thaddeus 37 

256,257 
Krag, Peter T. 210 



Kramer, Daniel 206,222 
Kyle, William W. 79,146 

Labare, (Rev.) 285 

La Chapelle, Francis 170 
Ladd, John W. 184 

Lakins, Washington 232 
Landes, (Dr.) J. S. 308 
Landes, John 157.201 

Landes, Samuel 81 

Landes. J. S. & D. 310 
Landon, Noble 223 

Landson, Noble 224 

Lane, Lemuel 367 

Langham, Elias 20,142 
Langton, James 262 

Lapham, J. A. 442,444 
La sure, Jeremiah 227 

Latham, Allen 362 

Latham, Bela 101, 164,165 
166,167.304,307,438 
Lathrop,(Dr.) H. 361,363 
Lathrop,(Dr.) Horace 329 
Lathrop, Uriah 76,154 
353,444 
La Tourette, (Rev.) 

James A. M. 381 

Lattimer, Daniel D. 244 
Lattimer, Ezekiel 244 
Lattimer, L. L. 245 

Laughferty, Alexander 19 
Laughry, John 440,441 
Lawder Villiam H. 368 
Lazell, A. H. 103 

Lazell, John A. 62,102 
157 
Leaf, Jacob 258 

Leaf, John 331 

Leatherlips 34,35,37 

Leavitt, John M. 368 

Lee, Robt. 362.363 

Lee, T. 78 

Lee, Theron 238 

Lee, Thomas 368 

Lee, Timothy 78,146,235 
236,237.238 
Legg, John 257 

Lehman, (Rev.) W. F. 399 
Lehman, (Rev.) Wm. F.386 
Leiby, J. 166 



Leiby, Joseph 149,332 
Leightenaker, Gotleib 

333.339 
Lennox, James 363 

430,434 
Lennox, Ambos &, see 

Ambos & Lennox 
Leonard, Abner 216 

Leonard, Byram 352 

Lewis, Aggy 332 

Lewis, Andrew 121 

Lewis, Caleb 332 

Lewis, Martin 58 

Lewis, William 142 

Linebaugh , John 366 

Link, E. H. 366 

Link, Philip 330 

Linnel, Jas. K. 316 

Lisle, Eli M. 233 

Lisle, John 2,95 

230,369 
Lisle, Robert 146 

Little 306 

Little, Harvey D. 52 

53,68 
Little, Nathaniel 5.183 
Livingston, Edward 47,49 
61,146,147 

156,186,299 
Lloyd, Wm. B. 313,314 
Lockwood, John 325 

Lofland, Charles 440 

Long, (Mrs. )Bathsheba D. 

422 
Long, Henry 209 

Long, J. W. 100 

Long, John 213.217.218 
Long, (Rev.) L. H. 377 
Long, William 149,166 

189,190,280 
440,441,442,443 
Looker, Othniel 447 

Looker, R. S. 215 

Lorane, Alfred 367 

Lord 302 

Lord, (Mrs. Dr.) 409 

Lord, (Dr.) A. D. 406 
Lord, Abner 156,164,165 
Lord, Asa D. 375.419 

Loutrell, A. M. 381 



10 



Index of Names continued 



Love, Charles 
Loving, (Dr.) S, 
Low, J. K. 
Loy, (Prof.) 
Lucas, Robert 
Ludlow 
Ludlow, William 

Lusk, William 

Lynch, J. H. 
Lynch, John 
Lytle, Aaron 



410 

401 

171 

399 

64.447 

336 

11*2,340 

341.34-7 

4-1.175 

176.177 

215 

213 

85 



Mabee, Edward 368 
McArthur,(Gen.) 132 
McArthur, Duncan 139 
14-2,447 
McArthur, H. 209 
McCamish, T. J. 329 
McCan, John 245 
McCleary, Thomas 367 
McClelland 116 
McClelland, Samuel 102 
McClish, James 207 
McCloud, Chas. 14-3 
McCollum 281 

McCollum, Thomas 240 
McComb, Jonathan 218 
McConnell, Zaccheus W. 

377 
McCook, Geo. W. 357 
McCormick, Geo. 14-9,171 

280, 333, 364-, 365 
McCormick , (Mrs . ) George 

339 

McCormick, Joseph 356 

McCoy, R. W. 32,61 

401,441,446 

McCoy, Robert W. 288,290 

323,439,442,443 
McCoy & Work 309 

McCoy, J. & R. W. 285 
McCoy's Mill 256 

McCracken, Henry 245,246 
McCracken, S. F. 362 

McCracken, Samuel 358 
362 
McCracken, (Gen. ) Samuel 
F. 415 



McCullough, T. P. 417 
McCune, J. M. 433 

McCune, John 430 

McCune, Jonas 375 

McCune, Gills &, see 

Gills & McCune 

McCurdy, J. 223 

McDaniel, J. C. 100,101 

McDonald, (Col.) 3^8 

McDonald, Bbenezer 375 

McDowell, (Col.) 84 

McDowell, A. I. 299.444 

McDowell, A. J. 49 

McDowell, Abram I. 70 

I57.29O 

McDowell, Abram J. 43 

44,153 

McDowell, J. A. 49.145 

McDowell, John A. 48,50 

142,155.158.159 

McDowell, Jos. 175 

McElvain, (Col.) 84 

McELvain, A. 85.227 

McElvain, (Capt.) A. 84 

McElvain, Andrew 15,16 

160,302,362 

McElvain, J. V. 362,363 

McElvain, John 48,61 

160,281,299,300 

307,332.342,362,449 

McElvain, Joseph 43,45 

84,92,149,353 

McElvain, Purdy 353 

McElvain, Samuel 15,23 

31,88,230 

McElvain, W. 85 

McElvain, Wm. 61,145 

156,232,280 

369.403.439 

McElvain, Dalzell & Co. 

310 
McElvains 2,15 

McElvain' s Addition 300 
McElwee, (Dr.) A. 417 
McEwen, R. S. 363 

McFarland, Wm. 263,449 
McGill, Goodhue 252 

McGill, Hugh 353 

McGill, (Dr.) James B. 

330 



McGowan, John 279 

McGown. John 187,302 

McGown, John, Addition 

299 
McGugin, (Dr.) David L. 

415 
McGuire, John 331 

McKee 113.114 

McKinney, Dean &, see 

Dean & McKinney 
McLaughlin 293.295 

McLaughlin, Alexander 

264,266,268,269 
272,275,278,301,358 
McLaughlin, Martha 358 
McLaughlin, Neil 377 

McLaughlin, Kerr, & 
Johnston, see Kerr, 
McLaughlin & Johnston 
McLean, Nathaniel 63,84 
352,403.440,441 
McLean, Wash. 363 

McLene, Jeremiah 24,47 
84,138,142,153 
154,286,350,441,448 
McLene & Green 281 

McLish, James 211 

McMaster, Hugh 332 

McMillan, William 20 

McMillen, Geo. 419 

McNairy, A. 433 

McNairy, Amos 165,432 
Madison, James 60 

Mahaffy 116 

Main, Rufus 95 

Mann, Milton H. 236 

Mann, Shuah 240,242 

Mannon, William 251 

Manypenny, George W. 63 
Marble, (Rev.) W. H. 378 
Marcy, Zebulon 198 

Maris, (Dr.) G. W. 36l 
Markly's Mill 16 

Marple, Isaac 444 

Marple, N. B. 164 

Marple, Nathan B. 170 
Marshal, (Dr.) J. R. 199 
Marshal, James 20,176 
189,285 
Marshall, James 2,25 



11 



Index of Names continued 



Marshall, James continued 

26.144.U5 

Martin. B. F. 159,164 

165.443 

Martin, Charles 180,182 

Martin, J. L. 56 

Martin, John 339 

Martin, Matthias 363 

Martin, Wm. T. 16,75,90 

153,157,189.190 

191,284,353,397 

402,440,441,442,443 

Mason, A. P. 434,435 



Mason, N. C. 
Mason, Sampson 
Mason, Win. 
Massie, (Gen.) 



Massie, 
Massie, 



Henry 
Nathaniel 



219 

412 

212 

132 

139 

139 

142 

290 

256 

384 

361 

F. J. 423,432 

Fitch J. 161 

Henry 353 

John 8,13 

14,197 

Matthews, Matthew 47 

146,438 

Matthews, Buttles &, 

see Buttles & Matthews 
Matthews f s Survey 197 
Matton, John 235 
Mattoon, Anson 171 
Mattoon, Newton 331 
Mattoon, Willis 146,147 
May 

Maynard, Apollos 
Maynard, Moses 
Maynard, Stephen 



Massie, Robert 
Matere's Mill 
Mather, William W 
Matthews, (Dr.) 
Matthews , 
Matthews, 
Matthews , 
Matthews , 



Maynard, (Rev.) W 



116,117 
166 
166 

163 

183,184 



Maythe, Smith 
Meagher, (Rev.) 
Medary, Jacob 

Medary, Samuel 



200 

216 

353 

387 

62 

63,438 

63,64,96 



. 101,103,316,325, 
Medary Farm 
Medberry, N. 
Medberry, Nathaniel 

Medbery, Nathaniel 

Medbury, N. 
Medford, Charles 
Medford, John 
Medill, William 
Mees, (Rev.) Conrad 
Meigs, Return J. 
Melcher 
Meneely, Amos 
Merion, Nathaniel 79. 
Merion, William 



Merrill, Moses 
Merriman, Nathan 
Metcalf, Ira 

Mettles, Abraham 
Mickey, William 
Mifflin, (Gov.) 
Miley, John 



86 



164 
181 



65.116 
Adam 
H. E. 
Henry 

Isaac 80 

John 102,215 
218,325,326 
Miller, John G. 64 
308,438 
Joseph 287 
Justice 
(Dr.) N.M. 

92,308 
Miller, Thomas 

357 
Miller, William 
Miller, Donaldson & 

Co. 
Milligan, John W. 

166,167 
Mills, Henry Z. 

359 
Mills, Joel 
Mills, Peter 



Miller 

Miller, 

Miller, 

Miller, 

Miller, 

Miller, 



Miller, 
Miller, 
Miller, 



428 
257 
362 
304 
444 
143 
359 
308 
213 
213 
448 
385 
447 

63 
311 
,165 

80 
,102 

86 

72 

,166 

,184 

329 

48 
226 
367 
.437 

81 
217 
194 
,250 
,217 
,446 
,191 
,444 
,290 
204 

65 

,419 

160 

,438 

145 

324 

164 
,168 

326 

.362 

5 

242 



Mills. Sam. F. 362.363 
Mills, Zachariah 58,147 

308,449 
Mills, (Mrs.) Zachariah 

306 
Miner, (Judge) 31 

Miner, Daniel 366 

Miner, Isaac 31,155 

Miner, Jeremiah 31,32 

395.396 
Miner, William 160,304 
307,342,442,443,446 
Miner, Wm. L. 81, 97, 98, 99 
Miner Farm 
Minter, (Capt.) 
Misner 

Mitchel, J. B. 
Mitchell, David 
Mitchell, H. S. 
Mitchell, Wm. 
Moeller, L. J. 
Moler, John 
Moler's Mills 
Monroe, President 
Monroe, James 
Monson 



32 
3 
125 
196 
19 
250 
209.259 
65.92.95 
81,100 
174 
42,43 
60 
85 
Montgomery, Joseph A. 

166,168 

Mooberry, Alexander 100 

101 

Mooberry family 32,206 

Moodie, Thomas 99.100 

101.323,324,373 

Granville 367 

Heman A. 138 

Joseph 221,224 



Moody, 
Moore, 
Moore, 
Moore, 
Moore, 



Simeon 
Thomas 



Moorman, Thomas J. 



Morehead, 
Morehead, 



Fergus 
Thomas 



Morgan, 
Morgan, 
Morris, 
Morris, 
Morris, 
Morris, 



William 
Wm. D. 
C. S. 

Charles L. 
Daniel 



224 

142 

146 

254 

86 

26 

28,30 

426 

449 

240 

242 

168 



(Rev.) 



Edward D. 
375 



12 



Index of Names continued 



Morris, J. D. 363 

Morris, Thomas 86 

197,200 
Morris, Thomas A. 367 
Morrison, Alexander 4,5 
61,155.156,164 
182,183,285,290 
Morrison, (Dr.) J. 36I 
Morrison, (Dr.) John 377 
Morrow, (Gov.) 303.352 
Morrow, Jeremiah 20 

137.447 
Morton, Geo. R. 168 

Morton, H. M. 215 

Mosely, T. W. H. 69 

Munford, John D. 308 

Munson, Ezra 238 

Murphy, William 56 

Murray, Joseph 201,329 
Myers, James 448 

Nash, R. K. 182 

Nashee, George 58 

Nay, Jeremiah 214,218 

Needles, Philemon 207 

Needles, Thomas 210 

Neereamer, Jonathan l6l 

332,344,410 

440,442,443 

Neff, Jacob 48 

Neff, John G. 253 

Neil 338 

Neil, R. S. 322 

Neil, Robert 76,77 

143.373 

Neil, Robert E. 74 

Neil, William 49,70,74 

290,304,365 

Neil, (Mrs.) Wm. 4D9 

Neiswanger, Christopher 

304 
Neiswanger, Michael 240 
241 
Nelson 3 

Nelson, David 186 

369.371 
Nelson, Robert 189 

Nelson's Mill 187 

Neville, M. L. 321 

Newburgh, A. B. 56 



Nichols, Town send 160 
189,280,440 
Nicodemus, Henry 212 

Niswanger, Christopher 

308 
Noble, H. C. 82 

Noble, Henry C. 100 

104,443 
Noble, John 144,311 

312,383,446 
Northrup, M. 310 

Northrup, Moylen 300,332 
Northrup, Kelley &, see 

Kelley & Northrup 
Norton, Jedediah 5 

Nye, (Rev.) H. R. 383 

Ogden, C. S. 223 

Ogden, Elias 47 

Ogden, Moses 239 

Ogden, S. 223 

O'Harra, (Capt.) 303 

O'Harra, Arthur 2,17,61 
95.144,155.156 
176.177.178.353 
O'Harra, Gates 78,79 

O'Harra, Joseph 97.261 

262.353 

O'Harra, Thomas 254 

Ohlen 437 

0'Kane, James 215 

Old Crane (Indian chief) 

129,132.133 

Olds, Chauncey N. 375 

Olds, Edson B. 138 

Olds, Joseph 140,284 

358,362 

Olmstead, P. H. 57 

Olmsted, (Gen.) 332 

Olmsted, F. C. 4? 

Olmsted, Francis 235 

Olmsted, P. H. 43,49,58 

166,302,409 

410,440,441 

Olmsted, Philo H. 143 

235,444 

Olmsted & St. Clair 310 

Olmsteds 32 

Orders, Jonas 247 

Orton, C. J. 363 



Osborn, George 166,235 
Osborn, James D. 325,373 
Osborn, R. 85,441 

Osborn, Ralph 33,48,49 
89.140,350 
440,441,449 
Osbourn, Usual 28 

Osgood, James W. 382 

Osgood, Blake &, see 

Blake & Osgood 
Otstot, John 411 

Overdier, David 170,304 
Overdier, Jacob 2 

Overmire, Benjamin 177 
Owen, Robert 330 

Paddock, J. R. 181 

Painter, Isaac 2,241 

Painter, John 242 

Palmer, Ethan 235 

Palmer, Thomas 213 

Parcels, George 425 

Parish, (Judge) 33 

Parish, John R. 143 

159,285 

Parish, Orris 33. 49,61 

70,154,159 

285,308,379.402 

Park, James 77.78 

Park, James F. 165 

166,167 
Park, Plumb M. 415 

Park, Silas W. 160 

Parker, Cyrus 285 

Parks, J. W. 100 

Parks, James 227 

Parks, Joseph 23,31,369 
Park's Saw Mill 227 

Parry, (Rev.) 369 

Parsons, Geo. M. 76,144 

322,373 
Parsons, (Dr.) Samuel 

30.33.73.143 
280,290,300 
308,322,415,419 
Parsons, Heyl &, see 

Heyl & Parsons 
Patterson, (Mrs. Gen.) 

408,409 
Patterson (Squire) 221 



13 



Index of Names continued 



Patterson. A. H. 362 

Patterson, James H. 166 

Patterson, John 260,304 

307,342,362 

363,440,441,442 
Patterson , (Dr. ) R. J . 

379,417,419,420 
Patterson, Thomas B. 47 
224 
Patterson, William 211 
Patton 118 

Patton, Alexander 190 
191,280,444 
Patton, Isaac 113 

Patton, M, 339 

Patton, Michael 189,280 

288,289,348,439 
Patton, William 142 

Paul, J. R. 376 

Paul, Zachariah 214 

Paupaw, Jacob 204 

Pavey, Isaac 367 

Payne, Volney 281 

Pearce, James 166 

Pearcy, James 212 

Peck, Stephen L. 182 

Pegeman, (Rev.) 386 

Pegg, Joseph 232,233 

Penniman, A. W. 418,419 
Peoples, John 284 

Peoples, (Mrs.) Mary 332 
Perrill, Augustus L. 141 
Perry, (Rev.) 368 

Perry, Aaron F. 144,394 
397.423,438 
Perry, Alanson 48 

Peters, Gersham M. 81 
96,97 
Peters, Simon 367 

Peters, T., & Son 309 
Phelps, Abram 237 

Phelps, Edward 234,235 
Phelps, Homer M. 83,237 
Phelps, R. 223 

Phelps, Thomas T. 5 

Phelps, W. L. 83 

Philips, Jonathan 331 
Phillips, John 148 

Phinney, Ansel 75 

Phipps, John 74 



Piatt, John B. 74 

Piatt Mills 230 

Pickle, Miner 245 

Pierpont, Edwards 321 
Pike, Benjamin 164,280 
Pike, George 280 

Pike, Jarvis 280,284 

288,289,343 
344,350,439,441 
Pike, Jarvis, & Co. 69 
Pinney, A. H. 181,380 
Pinney, Abner P. 5,181 
Pinney, Azariah 4,163 
183 
Pinney, Chester 166 

Pinney, E. M. 170 

Pinney, Levi 5,181,184 
Pinney, Miles 164,170 
Pipe, (Capt.) Ill 

Piatt, Calvin A. 326 

Piatt, Hiram 166 

Piatt, Wm. A. 78,79 

310,316,326 
393.397.433 
Plum, Ichabod 5 

Plum, Jacob 86 

Poe, Adam 367 

Poindexter, James 388 
Pollard, W. W. 154 

328,329 
Pontius, Charles 100 

Pontius, Philip 207 

Poppaw, Jacob 259 

Porter, CM. 199 

Porter, (Rev. )Wm. 366,368 
Postle, Job 253 

Postle, Shadrack 251 

Postle, Smith 254 

Potter, Daniel A. 423 
Potter, N. 165 

Poulson, A. 80 

Powel, (Rev.) 376 

Powell, George 213 

Powell, Jeffrey 384,411 
Powells 216 

Power, John H. 367 

Powers, Luther 369 

Powers, William 109 

Preston, S. D. 94,95.325 
Preston, Samuel 329 



Preston, W. B. 178 

Preston, (Rev.) William 

309,380 
Preston, (Mrs.) Wm. 408 
Prezriminsky, C. R. 444 
Price, (Rev.) 376 

Price, C. R. 417 

Price, Hugh 377 

Price, James 228,229 

Price, S. J. 363 

Price, Stephen R. 228 
Pugh, David 31,49,50 

Pugh, Geo. E. 357 

Pugh, John M. 148 

Purcell, John Baptist 

392 
Putnam, Peter 280,332 
Putnam, Solomon 252 



Quinn, James 



367 



Rader, John 446 

Ralston, James H. 246 
Ramsey, Amos S. 95 

Ramsey, James 206 

Ramsey, Robert 20 6 

Ramsey, Samuel 206 

Ramseys 32 

Randall, (Rev.) D. A. 65 
Rankin, Wm. R. 144, l6l 
Ransburgh, John 174 

Ransburgh's Mills 174 
Ransom, Leander 102,167 
Ransom, (Rev.) N. S. 200 
Rarey, Adam 206 

Rarey, Benjamin 20 6 

Rarey, Charles 206 

Rarey, George 206 

Rarey, W. H. 97,98 

Rarey, William 206 

Rarey, Wm. H. 79,208 

Rarey* s Port 208 

Rarys 32 

Rathbone 302 

Rathbone Section 11 

Rathmel, Thomas 206 

Reab, Jacob 61 

Read, William 226 

369.371 
Reader, A. W. 161 



14 



Index of Names continued 



Ream, Jonathan 331.417 
Reamey, J. 0. 159 

Reed 3 

Reed, Adam 143 

Reed, Henry 59 

Reed, William 61,155,156 
Rees, Amor 80 

Rees, Thomas 240 

Reid, Adam 48 

Reinhardt & Fieser 69 
Renix, Thomas 19 

Reynolds, (Rev. )Charles 

380 
Reynolds, James C. 143 
214,217,218 
Reynolds, Joseph A. 218 
Reynolds, Lemuel 310 

Reynolds, Sacket 63 

Reynolds, T. 166 

Reynolds, Thos. 193 

Rhoads, L. P. 215,217 
Rhoads, Phillip 215 

Rhoads, Richard 215 

Rice 67 

Rice, L.L. 379 

Rich, V. 363 

Richards, Ebenezer 211 
217,245 
Richards, (Rev.) Henry L. 
381 
Richards, Wm. 168 

Richardson, W. H. 47 

Richardson, William 161 
189,441 
Richey, George 253,424 
Richey, Welch 237 

Richman, E. 166 

Riddell, Bazil 177 

Riddell, Lemuel 178 

Ridenour, George 77 

Ridenour, Henry 229 

Ridenour, Matthias 226 
Ridgeway Warehouse 87,88 
Ridgway & Kimball 433 
Ridgway 87,299 

Ridgway, Joseph 78,138 
143,304,363,429 
433,434,440,442 
Ridgway, Joseph, Jr. 88 
101,140,143,312 



316,325,330,408 
429,433,441,443 
Ridgway' s Foundry 15,429 
Riley, Joseph H. 383.446 
Riley, Robert W. 176 

Riley, Samuel 86 

Rinehard, Jacob 446 

Rinier 260 

Riordan, George 444 

Riorden, Robert 94,440 
Risley, W. 175 

Robe, tfillian 1?9 

Robert , George 204 

Roberts, Thomas 192,193 

384,411 
Roberts, W. 3. 363 

Robertson 426 

Robertson, D. A. 342 

Robinson, A. B. 166 

167,168 
Robinson, H. H. 343 

Robinson , James 281 

440,441 
Robinson, J. , & Son 311 
Robinson's Tavern 303 
Rochester, Nimrod 306 
Roedter, Henry 55,56 

Rogers 15 

Rogers, C. 259 

Rogers, Chandler 204,258 
Rogers, (Rev.) Chandler 
248 
Rogers, David 259 

Rogers, (Rev.) George 

381 
Rogers, Jacob S. 262 

Rohr, George 206 

Rose 437 

Ross, Daniel 214 

Ross, Samuel 444 

Ross, T. 166 

Roston, Isaac H. 414 

Roundhead, Chief 35 

Royce, Wesley I65 

Rudisill, J. E. 366 

Runyan, Clark I69 

Rush 16 

Rush, John D. 5 

Russell, Addison P. 448 
Russell, Robert 2,6 



166,281,311 
Russell, (Mrs.) Robert 

329 
Russell, Robert, & Co. 

310 

Saddler, (Rev.) 381 

Sage, R. P. 69 

Sage, Allen, & Beverage, 

see Allen, Sage & 

3everage 
St. Clair 112 

St. Clair, Arthur 447 
St. Clair, J. E. 446 

St. Clair, William 403 
St. Clair, Olmsted &, 

see Olmsted & St. Clair 
Sanders 328 

Sarber, John A. 199 

Sarber, Leonard 209 

Saunders, Miskell 245 
246 
Saunders & Frye 310 

Savage, W. M. I65 

Sawhill, Neely 377 

Schaffer, (Rev. )Charles 

F. 385 

Schenck, (Dr.) 92 

Schmeltz, Philip 386 

Schmidt , ( Rev . ) William 

385.398 
Schouler, William , & 

Co. 59 

Schrock, G. W. 83 

Scofield, Benjamin 246 
Scofield, Elnataan 13 
Scott 63,333 

Scott, Charles 58,59,325 
Scott, David 158,285,307 
Scott, Gamaliel 68 

100,101 
Scott, James 6 

Scott, John 224,228 

Scott, (Rev.) John 216 
Scott, Joseph 221 

Scott, Wm, 193 

Scott, Winfield 60 

Scott & Drummon 333 

Sears, Clinton W. 368 

Seeds .Robert 81 , 249 , 250 



15 



Index of Names continued 



Seeds, William 249 

Sefert, L. W. 194 

Sehon, E. W. 367 

Sehon. (Mrs.) E. W. 408 
Sells 2 

Sells, B. 85 

Sells. Benjamin 144,202 
204,441 
Sells, Charles 204 

Sells, Cyrus 360,421 

Sells, Holmes 170 

Sells, John 202,204,264 
Sells, Lewis 217 

Sells, Ludwick 202 

Sells, P. 85 

Sells, Peter 48,151 

202,204,264 
Sells, Samuel 202 

Sells, William 34,202 
Seltzer, (Dr.) S. Z. 308 
Sessions, F. C. 79,379 
Sever, Freedom 58 

Seward, Wm. H. 399 

Seymour, Moses 99.212 
Shall, (Rev.) Hiram 385 
Shannon, Hugh 197 

Shannon, James 197 

Shannon, John 197 

Shannon, Joseph 197 

Shannon, Robert 155 

156.197 
Shannon, Robert E. 201 
Shannon, Samuel 49,61 

150,151,160 

164,197,441 
Shannon, William 197.201 
Shannon, Wilson 447 

Shannons 32 

Sharp, A. 209 

Sharp, George 207 

Sharp, John 207 

Sharp, Samuel 208,209 
Sharps 32 

Shattuck, Simon 255 

Shaughnessy, A. 166 

Shaw, V. 165 

Shaw, Wm. 61,145 

187,189.369 
Shead, Jared 332 

Shearer, Andrew W. 252, 254 



Sheeders. J. R. 194 

Shelby, David 142 

Sheldon, R. A. 372,400 
Shenefelt, Henry 196 

Shepherd, (Dr.) W. 188 
Sherborn, Joseph 417 

Sherman, East on 237 

Sherwood, 0. W. 304 

Sherwood & Gregory 310 
Shield, Robert 215 

Shields, John 189,280 
287,288 
296,299.350 
Shields, (Squire) 282 
Shoedinger 437 

Shoedinger & Brown, 437 
Shoemaker, A. 209 

Shoemaker, Abraham 211 
Shoemaker, Alexander 212 
Short, (Dr.) 92 

Short, John 366 

Shorter, (Rev.) J. H.366 
Shultz, Solomon 218,219 
Sibel, Hiram 215,217 

Siebert, John 55,56 

Siebert's Building 388 
Silbernagle 297,437 

Silbernagle, Hoster &, 
see Hoster & Silber- 
nagle 
Silliman, W. 263 

Silliman, Wyllis 154 

Simmons, William 226 

Sinnet, William 247 

Sisson, (Dr.) Peleg 91 
92,284,308 
362,363.402 
Sites, Adam 102 

Sites, Andrew 411 

Skeels, Truman 232 

Skeels, Wm. H. 171 

Skidmore, George 2,26 
30,61,369 
Skidmores 15 

Slaughter, Robert 154 
Sloan 118 

Sloan, John 448 

Slocum, E. N. 356 

Slocum, George W. 426 
Sloper, Samuel 5 



Slyh, Jacob 98,146,232 
Smiley, David 244,245 
Smiley' s Corners 243 

Smith 403 

Smith, N. W. 328,414 

Smith, (Judge) 62 

Smith, (Rev.) 372 

Smith, Archibald 222 

Smith, David 62,143 

156,204,285 
Smith, Edwin 316 

Smith, G. S. 171 

Smith, George B. 328 

Smith, (Rev.) J. D. 200 

216,376 
Smith, J. M. 166 

Smith, Jacob 224,240 

241,242 
Smith, James 200,228 

Smith, James H. 64,144 
Smith, John 195,232 

Smith, John H. 240 

Srith, John W. 440 

Smith, Leonard L. 384 
Smith, Mease 154,308 

Smith, Nathan G. 198 

Smith, S. 165 

Smith, (Dr.) S. M. 414 
417 
Smith, Samuel 23,31 

Smith, (Dr.) Samuel H. 

416 
Smith, (Dr.) Samuel K. 

401 
Smith, Solomon 165 

Smith, V. W. 59 

Smith, Wm. A. 240 

Smith, Bartlit &, see 

Bartlit & Smith 
Smyth, (Rev.) Anson 378 
Smythe, H. P. 380 

Snively, H. J. 182 

Snow, John 167,168,181 
Snow, W. T. 165 

Snow, Wm. T. 166 

Snowden, P. T. 366 

Snyder, John 194 

Solomon 231 

Somerville's Mill 240 
Sours, Mary 90 



16 



Index of Names continued 



Spangler, David 200 

Spangler, Samuel 362,415 
Sparrow, Thomas 159.165 
166,167,380 
393.394,397,438 
Speaks, C. W. 99,146,147 
Spencer 113 

Spencer, Robert 0. 367 
Spencer, Smith I65 

Spencer, T. P. 363 

Spencer, Thomas W. 425 
Spencer, Wm. 362 

Spencer, Win. S. 181 

Spink, Cyrus 363 

Spofford, Fisher A. 415 
Sprague, Charles 181 

Spurgeon, M. R. 410 

Spurgion, Moses R. 440 
Stacy 113 

Stadden, Rich'd 362 

Stage, John H. 101,199 
375,434 
Stagg 305 

Stagg, Abraham 239,241 
Stagg, Michael 239 

Stambaughs JZ 

Stanoerry, Henry 73,162 
Stanoerry, William 138 
Stanbery, Henry 356 

Stanbery, Jonas 5 

Stanley, Edward A. 144 

233 
Stansberry, Recompence 

156,180,183 

Starling 294,295 

Starling, John L. 166 

Starling, Lyne 2,60,105 

157.158,175.264 

266,268,269,272 

275.276,278,302,400 

Starling, Lyne, Jr. 154 

308 

Starling & Delashmut 61 

Starling Medical 

College 302 

Starr, John, Sr. 50,187 
Starrett, John 229 

Stauring, James H. 149 
446 
Stearwalt, Mervin 252 



Steel, N. 209 

Steele, (Rev.) John M. 

378 
Stephen, Zachariah 20,26 
176 
Stephens, James 411,444 
Stephenson, A. G. 171 
Stevens 15 

Stevens, Peter 3^7 

Stevenson, C. J. 209 

Stevenson, John 217 

Stevenson, Joshua 212 
Stevenson Section 11 

Stewart, Adams 146 

Stewart, Edmund 79 

Stewart, F. 43 

Stewart, Francis 33,49 
102,104,143 
151,160,442 
Stewart, Gideon 67 

Stewart, Mary E. 409 

Stewart, Nathan 5 

Stewart, William 86,145 
146,369 
Stewart & Higgins 309 
Stewarts 32,197 

Stewart's Grove 23 

Stiarwalt, William 253 
254 
Stibbins, Austin 236 

Stickney, E. P. 316 

Stimmel, J. 209 

Stimmel, John 81,101 

Stimmel, Michael 86 

Stinson, S. 223 

Stipp, John 200 

Stitt, Thomas 170 

Stockton, James 5. 170 
Stockton, Thomas 102 

Stohlman, (Rev. Dr.) 399 
Stokes 15 

Stombaughs 197 

Stone, A. P. 76,138,309 
363,375.434,435,449 
Stone, (Mrs.) A. P. 409 
Stone, Alfred P. 169 

393,394 
Stone, Collins 375 

Stone, (Rev.)Collins 414 
Stone, Dwight 80,168 



325,326,446 
Stone, Jesse 304 

Stone , John I65 

Stone, J. & S. 309 

Stothart, John 377 

Stotts, Abraham 442,444 
Strader, Levi 80 

Straders 247 

Strawbridge 295 

Street, Ebenezer 4 

Strickler, Jacob 354 

Stuart, Joseph 164 

Stuart, Joseph M. 166 
167 
Stutson, J. 140 

Suddick, Richard 217 

Sullivan, Lucas 22 

Sullivan, Samuel 447 

Sullivant 173 

Sullivant, Joseph 46,54 

101,102,372 

393.394,397 
Sullivant, Lucas 1,2,3 

17.19,21,28 

29.30,31,45,48 

50,152,157,174,175 

289,290,369,370,371 

Sullivant, M. L. 98,373 

Sullivant, Michael L. 81 

Sullivant, William S. 

304,401 
Syllivant , (Mrs . ) Wm . S . 330 
Sullivant Mill 16 

Sullivant' s 313 

Sullivant 's Prairie 3 
Swan 437 

Swan, G. 145,332,399 

Swan, George M. 67,68 
Swan, Gustavus 32,48,61 
142,155,159.164 

285,290,299 
308.322,356,412 
Swan, J. R. 380,433 

Swan, Joseph R. 84,155 
159,401 
Swan, Mary 415 

Swan & Da vies 56,437 

Swan's Elevator 68 

Swayne, N. H.415,418,423 
Swayne,(Mrs.) N. H. 408 



17 



Index of Names continued 



Swayne, Noah H. 304,307 
308, 1*42 
Swayze, William 367 

Sweet. Sullivan 422 

Sweetzer, Benjamin 306 
Swickard, Daniel 222,224 
Swisgood, S. 194 

Swisher, John 32,152 

206,211.259 
Switzer, Charles 138 

Swormsted, Leroy 367 

Taft, Daniel 215,218 

Taf, (Rev.) Lovet 366 

368 
Talbott, Benj. 414 

Talmage, Nelson 353 

Tappan, Eli T. 66 

Taylor 85 

Taylor, Abiather 47 

Taylor, Abiather Vinton 

213 
Taylor, David 97,100 

101,213,240 
Taylor, (Capt.) David 

43 
Taylor, George 144,164 
166,180,181 
182,134,185 
Taylor, Grundy 425 

Taylor, Isaac 330 

Taylor, (Dr.) Isaac F. 

329 
Taylor, James 213 

217,219 
Taylor, James W. 449 

Taylor, Matthew 206 

207,213 
Taylor, (Rev.) Matthew 

216 
Taylor, Robert 213 

Taylor, Zachariah 60 

Taylor family 214 

Teesdale, John 59 

Tevis, John 367 

Tharp, Jacob 224,239,240 
Thomas 132 

Thomas, A. 433 

Thomas, Alfred 373 

Thomas, David 244 



Thomas, Ebenezer 298,306 
Thomas, Griffith 47 

Thomas, (Col.) Griffith 

350.351 
Thomas, James B. 169 

Thomas, Jas. K. 170 

Thomas, Kendall 158 

Thomas, Wray 144,322 

Thompson, Alexander 144 
170 
Thompson, B. 339 

Thompson, Benjamin 333 
347 
Thompson, Isaac 171,182 
Thompson, (Dr.) J. B.363 
Thompson, John 154 

Thompson, (Dr.) John B. 

361 
Thompson, John W. 215 
Thompson, Robert 329,415 
Thompson, (Dr.) Robert 

308,361,414 
Thompson, Robert H. 320 
Thompson, (Dr.) T. 194 
Thompson, William 5,30 

155,214 
Thompson , (Ma j . ) William 

28 
Thompson, Z. P. 201 

Thompsons 16 

Thomson, Abraham 141 

Thrall, W. 3. 166,168 
Thrall, Walter 67,77 

Thrall, William 3. 59 
164,393.394 
Thrall, Wm. R. 417 

Tibbitts, Lafayette 298 
Tiffin, Edward 447 

Tipton, John 146,195 

Topliff, (Rev.) 374 

Topping, Dayton 181 

Topping, John 5 

Topping, Josiah 5.163 
Topping, Zopher I63 

Torbet, J. L. 155 

Townsend, (Dr.) N.S. 420 
Tressenrider, Benjamin 

88 
Trevitt, William 77,448 
Trevitt , (Dr. ) William 361 



362,363 
Trimble, Allen 447 

Trimble, Joseph A. 367 
Trimble, Joseph M. 367 
Tucker, Stillman 78 

Tuller, F. F. 164,166 
Tuller, Flavel 181 

Tuller, J. D. 182 

Turnbull, B. & J. 310 
Turner 3 

Turner, George 186 

Turner, James 209 

Turner, John 192,195.369 
Turney, Daniel 166,226 
Turney, (Dr.) Daniel 285 
Turney, Jacob 444 

Turney, John H. 444 

Tyler, (Rev.) Thomas P. 381 
Tyler, William E. 414 
Tyng,( Rev.) Dudley A. 380 



Uffner, John 


204 


Ullery, Jacob 


224 


Upson, (Rev.) 


383 


Upson, Daniel 


143 


Ury, Peter 


392 



Vananda, C. A. 171 

Van Buren, Martin 66 

Vance, (Capt.) 42, 6l 

Vance, Chambers 44 

Vance, J. C. 83 

Vance, Joseph 23,28,30 
43.50.138 
153.276,447 
Vance, Joseph C. 326 

Vandeman, (Rev.) Elias 

216 
Vandeman, (Rev.) Elisha 

200 
Van Hook, W. B. 362 

Van Hook, Wm. B. 312,313 
Van Rensselaer, Solomon 

302 
Van Slyke, L. G. 3^3 

Vause, Thomas 86 

Velasco (pen name) 52,53 
Vining, William 5 

Voltz, F. 386 



18 



Index of Names continued 



Waddle, Alex. 140 

Waddle, Charles 367 

Wagner, George 225 

Wakefield, Geo. W. 414 
415 
Wakeman, a. M. 444 

Walb ridge, Bond &, see 

Bond & Waloridge 

Walcutt,(Capt.) 331 

itelcutt, Horace 145,146 

Walcutt, J. M. 22? 

Walcutt, James 90,91 

92,161 

Walcutt, John M. 145 

300,332 

Walcutt, Brotherton &, 

see Brotherton & 

Walcutt 

Walcutt' s Museum 331,422 

Walker, Aristarchus 232 

Walker, Thomas 366 

Walker, Wm. 195,196,262 

Walling, R. G. 166 

Walters, Henry 312 

Walters, Isaac N. 203 

Walton, John 94,95 

Wambaugh, Abraham 367 

Ware, Robert 190 

Warner, (Gen.) 84,302 

Warner, John 166,403,440 

Warner, L. 363 

Warnock, David 368 

Washourn, E. 78 

Washourne, Alex. B. 164 

Wass, Henry 330 

Waterman, Joseph A. 367 

Waters, Gilbert 221 

Watson, J. W. 444 

Watson, James 366 

Watson, James W. 419 

Watson, R. W. 363 

Watson, Wm. 209 

Wayne 11 5 

Wayne, (Gen.) 131,132 

Wayne's Treaty 2 

Weakley, John W. 368 

Weatheringtons 32,197 

Weaver, Hiram 414 

Weob, S. H. 316 

Webb, Thomas 353 



Webb, Thomas Smith 167 
Webb, Wm. D. 412 

Webster, L. H. 159 

Weddle, Zelotes G. 194 

196 
Weed, Geo. L., Jr. 414 
Weedon, John 245 

Welker, Martin 448 

Wells 116 

Wells, George 224 

Wert, Jacob B. 208,209 
Wert's Grove 208 

West, C. S. 215 

West, E. 166 

West, John B. 215 

218,219 
West, Russell 316 

West, (Rev.) Samuel 364 

367 
Westervelt, J. L. 238 
Westervelt , James 236 
Westervelt ,M. J. 415 

Westervelt, Mathew 235 
Westervelt s 235 

Westwater 331 

Westwater, James 325 

Wheeler's County Map 9 
Whetsel, Daniel 218 

Whingwy Pooshies 111,112 
118,120 
Whip's, George, Mills 

230 
Whisker, John 329 

Whitaker, (Mrs. ) Elizabeth 
29 
Whitcomb, David 367 

White 306 

White, (Capt.) 17 

White, Benjamin 15,16 
150,160 
White, C. S. 182 

White, Cruger 236 

'White, George 186 

White, Isaac 147,250 

White, Jacob 177,178 

White, Jeremiah 209,212 
White, John 186 

White, John M. 146,150 
White, John W. 368 

White. P. N. 17^ 



White, Samuel 32,173.176 
'White, Stewart 176,177 
White, William 186 

'White Farm 16 

Whitehead, Asa 224 

Whitehead, (Dr.)Ezekiel 

240 
Whitehead, Jonathan 47 

240 
Whitehead, Onesimus 164 
Whitehead, W. W. 236 

Whitehill 284,345 

Whitehill, Joseph 449 
Whiting, I. N. 310 

Whitman, Emily C. 420 
Whitmore, George 353 

Whitsel, John 366 

Whitzel, John 444 

Wilcox, Asa 244 

Wilcox, James A. 380,443 
Wilcox, P. 3. 89.159 

308,332,408 
Wilcox, Roswell 5,163 

230 
Wilcox, Samuel 244 

Wilcox, Simeon 204 

Wilcox, Tracy 204 

Wilcox Mills 230 

Wilkinson, M. S. 164 

Willey, (Dr.) S. 417 

Williams, A. J. 290 

Williams, Abraham 221 

224 
Williams, Abraham J. 142 
Williams, Andrew 285 

Williams, (Rev. )David 369 
Williams, George 32,47 
143,145,197,^13 
Williams, Isaac 225 

Williams, James 166 

Williams, Lewis 48 

Willard, John 330 

Williard, (Rev,) George 

385 
Williard, (Rev.) Henry 

385 

Wills, John S. 158 

Wilson, Orlando 165 

166,167 

Wilson, Robert 213 



19 



Index of Names continued 



Wilson, Sam'l 363 


Woolley 


, Richard 394,397 


Wright, M. 3. 


143,308 


Wilson. William 138,154 


Work, McCoy &, see 




359.362 


Wiscom, Jesse F. 309 


McCoy 4 Work 


Wright, Potter 


181 


Wise 319 


Worley, 


(Prof.) 399 


Wright, S. E. 


444 


Wixom, Jesse F. 367 


Wormley 


, (Prof.) 399 


Wright, Smithson E. 


Wolcott, Horace 164 


Wormley 


, (Dr.; Theo. G. 




59.148 


Wolf, Matthias 206 




401 


Wudley, Woodb ridge 220 


Wolfley, (Dr.) D. 362 


Worthington, (Gov.) 339 




221 


Wood, (Gov.) 426 




343 


Wyandot, (Chief) 


34 


Wood, A, 171 


Worthington, Jas. T. 316 


Wyandot, Billy 


132 


Wood, David K. 215,219 


Worthington, Thomas 140 


Wyandot s 


35 


Wood, J. J. 187 




163,447 






Wood, Jethro 429 


Wright 


63 


Yantes, William 


221 


Wood, John H. 63 


Wright, 


Barzillai 50,351 


Yantis, William 


223 


Wood, Reuoen 448 




352.354 


Yerington, Lorin 


366 


Wood. Thomas 190,322 


Wright, 


Cruger I83 


Young, David 


367 


332,444 




235.237 


Young, Jacob 


367 


Wood, Clark &, see 


Wright, 


Daniel 203,204 


Young, John 


87,288 


Clark & Wood 


Wright, 


Francis M. 449 




300,310 


Woodbury, D. 309 


Wright, 


H. W. 164,166 


Young, Thos. 


227 


Woodbury, D. T. 164,165 


Wright, 


Horatio 182 


Young's Addition 


300 


168,321.375 


Wright, 


J. P. 164,166 






Woodbury, Dwight 408 


Wright, 


Jacob 257 


Zeigler, John 


166 


Woodrow, (Rev.) Thomas 200 


Wright, 


Joel 276 


Zeik, David 


171 


Woods, (Rev.) Edgar 373 


Wright, 


John 217 


Zinn, Daniel 


423 


Woods , James 306 


Wright, 


John R. 90 


Zinn, Henry 


78 


Woods, John 449 






Zinn, Philip 


292 



20 



Place and Subject Index 



Agricultural and Horticul- 
tural Societies 96-104 
Albrites (German church) 222 
Almanac, Lusk's 41 
Alton 252 
Alum Creek 3,53.120,188,207,227 
Amalthea 235 
Anti Slavery Baptists 388 
Associate Reformed 

Presbyterian Church 377 

Asylums 412-28 

Auglaize River 111,115 



Balloon ascensions 


318-20 


Banks 




City Bank of Columbus 


320-324 


Clinton Bank 


324 


Exchange Bank 


320,321 


Franklin Branch of 




State Bank 


320 


Mechanics* Savings 




Institute 


324 


State Bank of Ohio 


320 


Baptists (see Churches) 




Belpre 


125 


Big Beaver 


107 


Big Belly (Big Walnut Creek) 4,53 


Big Bottom 


113 


Big Lick Creek 


120 


Big Run Creek 


53.120 


Big Stream 


120 


Big Walnut Creek 


4,53.120 


Bigelow Chapel 


366 


Billy's Hole 


132 


Black Swamp 


111 


Blacklick Creek 


53.240 


Blanchard's Fork 


115 


Blendon Four Corners 


235 


Blendon Township 10,21, 


220 , 234-8 


Blind Asylum 


417 


Bridgeport (now Gahanna) 


77.227 


Bridges 




Franklinton 


±5 


Harrisburg 


2 


Broadway Exchange Building 


281 


Brown Township 9,10,22, 


202,260-2 


Brownstown 


130,133 


"Brush's Plank Road" 


79 


BUS 1X16 SS6S 

City Mills 


436,437 



Businesses (continued) 
Coffee and Spice 

Grinding Mill 437 
Columbus Insurance 

Company 304,323 
Columbus Gas Light 

& Coke 325 
Columbus Machine 

Manufacturing 430 

Columbus Woolen Factory 434 

Cottage Mills 193 

Eagle Foundry 431 

Franklin Foundry 430 

Granville Company 85 

Marble Cliff Mills 256 

Novelty Mills 436 

Ohio Manufacturing Co. 174 

Ohio Tool Company 432 

Plane Factory 433 

Saw Factory 437 

Tub and Pail Manufactory 435 
Worthington Manufacturing 

Company 180,281 

Butties' Building 381 

Canal Boats 

"Chillicothe" 88 

"Cincinnati" 87 

"George Baker" 88 

"Governor Brown" 86 

"Lady Jane" 87 

"Red Rover" 87 

Canal, Columbus 84-8 

Dam 85 

Locks 85,198 

(see also Ohio Canal) 

Capital City Fairgrounds 319 

Capital University 399 

Carroll 214 

Carter's School House 244 

Catholics (see Churches) 

Cemeteries, Columbus 389-97 

(see also separate township 

chapters) 

Central College 78,235-6 

Central Ohio Railroad 188 

Central Road (railroad) 328 

Chillicothe 5. 1^.15. 113. 133. 213 

263,290,292,342,343 

Cholera 305-6,328-31 



21 



Place and Subject Index continued 



Churches 

Albrites (Albrights) 222 

Baptist 

Anti Slavery 388 

Brown Twp. 26l 

Colored 38?-8 
Columbus 383.387-8 

Madison Twp. 209 

Truro Twp. 216 

Christian 

Clinton Twp. 231 

Washington Twp. 203 

Congregational 

Columbus 377-8 

Episcopalian 

Columbus 379-80 

Perry Twp. 257 

Evangelical Association 

Columbus 387 

German Evangelical 

Columbus 386 

German Lutheran 

Columbus 385 

Hamilton Twp. 199 

Prairie Twp. 252 

Washington Twp. 203 

German Lutheran Reformed 

Columbus . 382,384 

German Reformed 

Columbus 385 

Jackson Twp. 248 

Madison Twp. 210 

Mifflin Twp. 228 

Norwich Twp. 248 

Perry Twp. 257 

Israelites or Jews 388 

Lutheran 

Jackson Twp. 248 

Mifflin Twp. 228 

Methodist 

Blendon Twp. 236 

Brown Twp. 26l 

Circuit Preachers 367-68 

Clinton Twp. 231 

Columbus 365-68 

German 365 

Hamilton Twp. 198-99 

Jackson Twp. 248 

Madison Twp. 209-10 

Norwich Twp. 244,248 



Churches 

Methodist (continued) 

Perry Twp. 257 

Plain Twp. 222 

Prairie Twp. 252 

Presiding Elders 367-68 

Washington Twp. 203 

New Light 

Jackson Twp. 248 

Washington Twp. 203 

Presbyterian 

Blendon Twp. 236 

Brown Twp. 26l 

Columbus 369-379 

Hamilton Twp. 199 

Jackson Twp. 248 

Madison Twp. 209,210 

Mifflin Twp. 228 

Truro Twp. 210,216 

Washington Twp. 203 

Roman Catholic 

Columbus 387 

United Brethren 

Blendon Twp. 236 

Madison Twp. 209,210 

Norwich Twp. 244 

Plain Twp. 222 

United Brethren in Christ 

Hamilton Twp. 198 

Universalits 

Columbus 381,384 

Jackson Twp. 248 

Welch Presbyterian 

Columbus 376 

Cincinnati 120,327,343,^23 

Circleville 86 

Circuit Preachers 

Methodist 367-68 

City Bank of Columbus 320,323-24 
City Mills 436-37 

Clergymen, Columbus, I834 309 

Cleveland, Columbus & Cincinnati 

Railroad 327 

Clinton & Blendon Plank Road 82 

Clinton Bank 304-5,324 

Clinton Township 10,21,230-33 

Clintonville 231 

Clover Settlement 251-52 

Coffee and Spice Grinding Mill 437 
Columbus 57-69,86,130,263-411 



22 



Place and Subject Index continued 



Columbus (continued) 

Banks 320-24 

Borough Incorporation 288 

Capital of Ohio 265-72,290 

Cemeteries 389-97 

Brickell's Lots 390 

Catholic Graveyard 389.392 

East Graveyard 389,392 

Franklinton Burying 

Ground 174-75,371 

Green Lawn 389,393-97 

North Graveyard 389,391 

City Hall 96,312 

City Hospital 93 

Councilmen 439,440,442,446 

County Seat 299,318 

"Firsts" 41,279,230,281 

284,285,286,288 

Laid out 187,355-56 

Mayors 442,444 

Newspapers 57-69 

Officials 308,443,444 

"Appointed" 441,442,444 

Population 446 

Public Square 333,343-45 

Schools 398-406 

Common 402-06 

German 403 

High 403,405 

Medical 400 

Private 398-402,406 

Theological 179,398 

Streets 275-77,279-80 

Broad 88,276,282 

Center Alley 276 

Friend 284 

Gay 5 

Gift 1,23 

High 53.276,279,280 

Mound 51 

Noble 298 

South Public Lane 275 

Water 276 

Ward boundaries 444 

Columbus & Granville 

Plank Road 78 
Columbus & Groveport 

Turnpike 79,93 
Columbus & Harrisburg 

Turnpike 76,81 



Columbus & Johnstown 

Turnpike 77.82 

Columous & Lockwin Plank 

Road 82,231 

Columbus & Portsmouth 

Turnpike 75 

Columbus & Sandusky Turnpike 70 

Columbus & Sunbury Turnpike 

& Plank Road 77 

Columbus & Worthington Plank 

Road or Turnpike 74 

Columbus & Xenia Road 

(railroad) 326-27 

Columbus Band 87 

Columbus Canal 84-88 

Columbus Gas Light & Coke Co. 325 
Columbus Horticultural Society 101 
Columbus Insurance Co. 304,323 

Columbus Machine Manufactur- 
ing Company 430 
Columbus, Piqua & Indiana 

Railroad 243,328 

Columbus Woolen Factory 434 

"Concord" church 248 

Congregational (see Churches) 
Cottage Mills 198 

Cottage Mills & Harrisburg 

Turnpike 80,81,247 

Darby Creek 3.6,9.16,192,260 

Darby Township 18,19,202 

Deaf & Dumb Asylum 412 

Deer Creek 16 

Delaware County 9 

Deshler Building 284,311 

Doctors (see Physicians) 
Dublin 19,34,41,202,203,255.264 

Eagle Foundry 431 

Episcopalian (see Churches 
Esther Institute 401 

Evangelical (see Churches) 
Exchange Bank 320,321 

Fairfield County 9,210 

Fairs and Fairgrounds 96-103,319 
Female Benevolent Society 407 

Forks of Darby 18 

Forks of Scioto 15 

Fort Defiance 117-18 



23 



Place and Subject Index continued 



Fort Greenville 120 

Fort Hamilton 114 

Fort Seneca 109 

Four-Mile House (race course) 174 
Four-Mile locks 85.198 

Franklin & Jackson 

Turnpike 81,247 

Franklin Bank of Columbus 289-90 
Franklin County 1,8, 234 

Assemblymen 20,139-44 

Boundaries 17-19 

County Assessors 151-52 

County Auditors 147-48 

County Clerks of Court 157-58 

County Collectors 150-51 

County Commissioners 

14,16,93,144-47 
County Coroners 160-61 

County Judges 16,17,154-57,161 
County Prosecuting 

Attorneys 158-59 

County Recorders 44,152-3 

County Sheriffs 160 

County Surveyors 44,153-4 

County Treasurers 148-9 

Court House 343 

Fair 96-99 

Infirmaries 89-95 

Jail 29,427 

Organization of 8-21 

Poor House 89,91 

Public Officers 26,136-62 

Representatives in Congress 

137-38 
Townships 14,18-22 

Franklin County Agricultural 

Society 96 

Franklin County Register iv 

Franklin Foundry 430 

Franklin Township 19,20,21,130 

132,173-78,202 

243,247,260,422 

Franklin Turnpike 247 

Franklinton 1,3.4,5.6,14,15,16 

17,19.28,30,31,38,39,40 

42,43,97,122,267,278,280,422 

Franklinton Courthouse 17 

Freemasonry (see Societies, 

Masonic) 



Gahanna 227 

Gahannah (stream) 4,53,207 

Georgesville 71.192-93 

German churches (see Churches) 
German Language Newspapers 69 

German Theological 

Seminary, Lutheran 398 

Grahamsville 240 

Granville Company 85 

Granville Road 49 

Greene County 8-9 

Greenville 132 

Grove City 247,248 

Groveport 93 . 20 8-10 

Gwynne Block (Market House) 318 

Hamilton Township 10,13,14,19,21 
197-201,206,207,234 
Harbor Road 82 

Harrisburg (Harrisburgh) 2,193-94 
Harrisburg Pike 81,247 

Harrison 235 

Harrison Township 18,19,20 

26,29,198,234 
Headley's Corners 240 

Henderson Church 252 

"Hibernia" 216 

■Hickory Seminary" 248 

Hilliard 243,244 

Holy Cross (Roman Catholic 

Church) 387 

Hope (New Albany) 223 

"Hopewell" (Methodist) 248 

Hotels (see Inns) 
Howard Lot 284 

Idiot Asylum 420 

Indians 2,106-21,123-35 

Chippewa 113 

Delaware 2, 108, 112, 117, 119, 120 

Mingo 2 

Seneca 111,128 

Wyandot 2,34-5,124,129 

Infirmary 93 

Inns, Hotels, Taverns 

Christopher Columbus Hotel 122 

City House 284 

Columbus Inn 283 

Deshler 311 



24 



/£/ 444-8 



Place and Guoject Index continued 



Inns, Hotels, Taverns (continued) 

Eagle Hotel 311 

Erin go Bragh House 262 
Fanner's and Mechanic's 

Tavern 311 
Franklin House 281,284,311,425 

Globe Hotel 311 

Grover Boarding House 311 

Lion Hotel 311 

Nagle House 281 

National Hotel 311.312 

Neil House 312 

New State House 312 

Red Lion Hotel 122 

Rose Tree 284 

Robert Russell (tavern) 49 

Scioto Hotel 426 

Sign of the Golden Bell 30 3 

Swan Hotel 311 

"The War Office" 282 

White Horse 311 

Yankee Tavern 284 

Jackson Township 21,173,192,247-50 

Jackson Turnpike 248 

Jefferson Township 10,21,220,239-42 

Jewett Block 305,328 

Jewish church (see Churches) 

Johnston Building 281,303 

Justices of the Peace 19.20 

Blendon Twp. 236-37 

Brown Twp. 262 

Clinton Twp. 232-33 

Franklin Twp. 176-78 

Hamilton Twp. 200-01 

Jackson Twp. 249-50 

Jefferson Twp. 241-42 

Madison Twp. 211-12 

Mifflin Twp. 228-29 

Montgomery Twp. 189-91 

Norwich Twp. 245-46 

Perry Twp. 258-59 

Plain Twp. 224-25 

Pleasant Twp. 195-96 

Prairie Twp. 253-54 

Sharon Twp. 182-84 

Truro Twp. 217-18 

Washington Twp. 204-05 



Ladies' Benevolent Society 407-09 
Lafayetteville 222,253 

Lake Erie 9.278 

Lancaster 23,127,292 

Lancaster Road 199 

Lands and land records 

"Brien Section" 11 

Columbus Plat 5,15 

Congress Lands 10,13.220 

Refugee Lands 10,12,186,265 

United States Military Lands 

10,220,226,230,234,239.33^ 
Virginia Military District 

1.10,11 
Virginia Military Lands 10-12 

Lawyers (Columbus, 1834) 303 

Liberty Township 19,20,27.28,179 
198,202,213,226,239,255 
Licking (river) 120 

Licking County 9.426 

Little Hocking River 126 

Little Miami River 11 

"Livingston Road" 275 

Lockbourne 198-9 

Lower Sandusky 128,129,130.132 

Lunatic Asylum for the State 

of Ohio 415-20,425 

Lusk's Almanac 41 

Lutherans (see Churches) 

Madison County 9 



Madison Township 


10,13,14,21 




197,206-12,234 


Maps 




Foote's 


9.10 


Kilbourne ' s 


41 


Wheeler's 


iv.9 


Marble Cliff Mills 


256 


Market House 


286,287,444 



Kosciusko Lands 



37,256 



Masons (see Societies - Masonic) 
Maumee 130 

Maumee Rapids 115 

Mechanics' Beneficial 

Society 409-11 

Mechanics' Hall 281,386.411 

Mechanics' Savings Institute 324 
Methodists (see Churches) 
Miami Exporting Co. 342 

Middletown 41,207 

Mifflin Township 10,21,226-29 



25 



Place and Subject Index continued 



Military Units 




Columbus Artillery 


84 


Dragoons - Captain 


Joseph 


McElvain's Company 34 


Franklin Dragoons 


42,61 


Riflemen 




Captain Foos's Company 84 


Captain A. McElvain's 


Company 


84 


Montgomery Township 


10,12,21 




186-91,207 


Mound (at High and Mound 


streets) 


51.334 


Mount Pleasant 


223 


Muskingum County 


13 


Muskingum River 


113 


National Road 


252 


New Aloany 


222,223 


Newark 


23,27,28,30,87 


New Light Church 


203,248 


Newspaper, First 


57 



Newspapers and Publications 57-69 

The Augur 69 

Baptist 65 

Budget of Fun 69 

Capital City Fact 65 

Cincinnati Commercial 59 

Columbian Gazette 62 

Columbus Director, 1843 269 

Columbus Elevator 68 
Columbus Gazette ^K), 47, 58, 68 

Columous Herald 69 
Columbus Sentinel 57,59,63 

Cross and Journal 65 

Daily Advertiser 64 

The Eclectic 68 

The Emigrant 69 

Fact 66 

Franklin Chronicle 62 

Freemen's Chronicle 60 

The Gazette 48 

Hemisphere 62 

Independent Press 69 

Journal 58,59 

Journal and Messenger 65 

Lusk's Almanac 41 

National Enquirer 52,68 

Ohio Columbian 67 

Ohio Confederate 64 



Newspapers , Publications (continued) 

Ohio Cultivator 66 

Ohio Democrat 69 

Ohio Freeman 69 

Ohio Gazeteer 41 

Ohio Intelligencer 69 

Ohio Monitor 62 

Ohio Political Register 59 

Ohio Press 66 
Ohio Register and 

Anti-Masonic Review 63 
Ohio Register and Western 

Calendar 41 

Ohio Standard 66,67 

Ohio State Bulletin 59,62 

Ohio State Journal 57,59 
63.67,319 
Ohio State Journal and 

Columbus Gazette 59 
Ohio State Journal and 

Register 59 

Ohio Statesman 63,66 

Ohio Tribune 67 

Old School Republican 65 

The People's Press 64 

Statesman 64 

Straight-Out Harrisonian 69 

Swan's Elevator 68 

Thompsonian Recorder 69 

The Tornado 69 

West Bote 69 

Western Hemisphere 63 
Western Intelligencer 57,59,181 
Western Intelligencer and 

Columbus Gazette 57 

Western Statesman 58 

Whig 67 

"North Columbus" 231 

North Liberty 3 

Norwich Township 21,202 

243-46,255.260 

Novelty Mills 436 

Odeon Hall 338 

Ohio 

Constitutional Convention 162 

Governors 447-3 
Legislature 9.24,26,89,139-44 
199.263.265-73 

Officials 447-49 



26 



Place and Subject Index continued 



Ohio (continued) 

Penitentiaries 345-63 

State Benevolent Insti- 
tutions 412-20 
State Buildings 333-45 
State Fairgrounds 97 
State Houses 84,265,312-17,333-39 
Ohio Canal 84,85,296,302 
Ohio Manufacturing Company 174 
Ohio River 119,278 
Ohio Tool Company 432 
Olentangy Creek 53.231,275 
Olomon Sepung (Paint Creek) 120 
Oregon 41,207 

Paint Creek 120 

Penitentiaries, Ohio 34-5-63 

Penitentiary (site of) 2,105,130 
132,265,275.296 

Perry Township 10,11,22,202 
206,243,255-59 

Physicians 308,362-63 

Pickaway County 9.234 

Pickaway Road 23 

Plain Chapel 222 
Plain Township 10,11,22,220-25,239 

Plane Company 433 

Planing Machines 437 

Pleasant Township 9,22,192-96 

Poor Houses 89,91 
Post Offices and Postmasters 

Alton 252 

Blacklick P.O. 240 

Blendon Cross Roads 235 

Blendon Four Corners 235 

Blendon Institute 236 

Blendon Township 235-36 

Bridgeport 227 

Central College 236 

Clintonville 231 

Columbus 286,438-39 

Darby Cross Roads 193 

Darby P. 0. 261 

Dublin 255 

Four Corners 235 

Georgesville 193 

Grove City 247-48 

Groveport 209 

Harrisburg P. 0. 193 

Harrison 235 



Post Offices, Postmasters (continued) 
Hilliard 244 

Hope 223 

Lockbourne 198-99 

Middletown 207 

New Albany 223 

Oregon 207 

Ovid 240 

Pleasant 192 

Reynoldsburg 217 

Smiley 's Corners 244 

Westerville 235 

Worthington 179 

Prairie Township 22,173.192 

251-54,260 

Presbyterians (see Churches) 

Presiding Elders, Methodist 

Church 367.368 

Railroads 243,261,326-8 

Reynoldsburg 214 , 215-6 , 217 

Roads, Turnpikes 27-31.49,53 
70-83,199,231,247,275 

Roaring Run (stream) 18 

Rock Fork Creek 222 

Rome 252,253 

Ross County 1,2,8,18,120 

St. Patrick's (Roman Catholic 

Church) 387 

St. Paul's (Episcopal Church) 379 

380 
St. Paul's (German Church) 382 

Saltlick Creek 120 

Saw Factory 437 

Schools (Literary Institutions) 

398-406 

Scioto Company 4,27,179 

Scioto River 2,5,8,10,11,13 

18,85.120,186,255.267.277 

Seckle Sepung 120 

Shadesville 199 

Sharon Township 10,22,179-85,234 

Shattucksburg 255 

Smithville 240 

Societies 

Agricultural 96-104 

Benevolent 407-11 

Masonic Lodges 42,63,163-68 

Columbus 168 



27 



Place and Subject Index continued 



Societies - Masonic Lodges (cont.) 
ColuJbus Council No. 8, 

Royal 4 Select Masters 166 
Columbus Lodge No. 30 164 
Franklinton 164 

Horeb Chapter No. 3 (R.A.M.)l65 
Knights of the Red Cross 168 
Knights Templars and 

Appendant Orders 167-8 
Magnolia Lodge No. 20 164 
Mt. Vernon Encampment, 

No. 1, Knights Teaplars 16 7 
New England Lodge No. 4 163 
Ohio Chapter No. 12, (R.A.M.) 

166 

Ohio Lodge 164 

Royal Arch Chapters 165-6 

Worthington I63.l65.l67 

Odd Fellows, Independent Order of 

169-72 

Ark Lodge No. 270 171 

Capital Encampment No. 6 172 

Central Lodge No. 23 170 

Evening Star Lodge, No. 104 170 

Excelsior Lodge No. 145 170 

Gordian Lodge No. 205 171 

Johanan Encampment No. 57 172 

Rainbow Lodge No. 270 171 

Secret Orders 163-72 

Turners, Association of 427 

South Columbus 279,299 

Springfield 30 

Starling Medical College 302,400-02 

State Bank of Ohio 320 

State Benevolent Institutions 

412-20 
State Fair Grounds 97 

State House (see Frontispiece and 

Ohio State Houses) 
State Road 72 

Stewart's Grove 23 

Streets (see Columbus Streets) 
Sullivant's Prairie 2,130 

Swan Creek 117 

Taverns (see Inns) 

Taylor's Station 240,320 

Theater 311 

Treacles Creek 18 

Trinity Church (Episcopal) 379 



Trinity Church (German Evangel- 
ical Lutheran) 379 
Truro Township 9,10,12,22 
207.213-19 
Tub and Pail Manufactory 435 
Turnpikes & Plank Roads 70 
Tuscarawas River 107 

Union Church (Perry Twp.) 257 

Union County 9.53 

United Brethren (see Churches) 
United States 
Congress 13 

Court House, Columbus 341,343 

District Courts 343 

"Officers" 307 

U. S. Military District Lands 
(see Lands and Land Records) 
Universalists (see Churches) 
Upper Sandusky 127,128,133 

Urbana Railroad 261 



'Walnut Creek 
Washington Township 



213, 216, 227 
22,202-05 
243,255.260 
Water Cure and Medical 

Infirmary 188 

Waterways 2,5,6,8,10,11,18 

53,85,89.113.117 
119.120 . 213 . 222, 275, 277 
Welch 368,376 

"Wert's Grove" 208 

Wesley Chapel, Columbus 365 

Wesley Chapel, Norwich Twp. 244 

Westerville 235 

Westfall 16 

Westminster Church 375 

Whetstone (stream) 6,53.89.277 

Whingwy Mahoni Sepung 120 

Whingwy Sepung 120 

"White Chapel" 210 

White Hall 216 

Whitfield Methodists 368 

Winchester 9 , 20 7 , 210 

Worthington 4,5,16,27,28,30,42 

45.53.57.62 
179.181,182,255 
Worthington Manufacturing Company 

180,281 
Worthington Plank Road 231 



28 



Place and Subject Index continued 
Worthington Seminary 179 

Yoctongee (Paint Creek) 120 



Zanesville 
Zion Chapel 



263,272,292 
366 



Index to I858 Advertisers 



Alexander, D. 


(12) 


Huntington, H. 


(12) 


Allen & Son 


(3) 






Allen, Torry & Co. 


(3) 


Ide, W. E. 


(2) 


Allyn, Job 


(12) 






Amoos, Charles 


(2) 


Jones, F. G. 


(2) 


Ambos, Peter 


(2) 










Keney, Henry 


(12) 


Barr, A. (A. Barr and 




Kimball, H. H. 


(8) 


A. Reed & Co.) 


(13) 






Blake, Williams & Co. 


(6) 


Lyman, C. C. 


(12) 


Blynn & Baldwin 


(16) 


McCune, J. M. 


(2) 


Boswell, Charles 


(12) 


McNary, Amos 


(2) 


Bowers, C. B. 


(12) 


Marple, N. B. 


(9) 


Bowers, Wm. N. 


(12) 






Brace, John P. 


(12) 


Neil House 


(10) 


Brown, 3. S. 


(2) 


New York Fancy Dry Goods Store 


(9) 


Bruck, J. P. 


(2) 






Buckeye Block 


(13) 


Odeon Buildings 


(13) 






Ohio Journal of Education 


(15) 


Capital City Arcade 


(10) 


Ohio State Teachers 1 Ass'n 


(15) 


Childs, Marcus 


(10) 






Coggeshall, W. T. 


(15) 


Reed, A. (A. Reed and A. Barr 




Columbus Machine Manufacturing 




& Co.) 


(13) 


Company 


(2) 


Riley, J. H., & Co. 


(1*0 






Russ, Charles J. 


(12) 


Day, Albert 


(12) 






Day, Calvin 


(12) 


St. Clair, J. E. 


(1*0 






Scott, Gamaliel 


(1*0 


Follett, Foster & Co., 




Sells, H. & A. H. 


(11) 


Publishers 


(15) 


Sells, Mrs. A. H. 


(11) 






Smith, J. H. 


(7) 


Gill, William A. 


W 






Goodale House 


(8) 


Williams, E. M. ,& Co. 


(6) 


Goodwin , James 


(12) 


Wilson, B. 


(A) 


Gordon, J. L. 


(12) 


Winchester, Mrs. 


(15) 


Graham, John 


(12) 


Winchester's Daguerrean 








Gallery 


(15) 


Hall, J. S. 


(2) 


Woods, J. C. 


(13) 


Hamman, I. G. 


(8) 






Hartford Fire Insurance 








Company of Hartford 


(12) 






Heritage, Mr. 


(15) 






Howe, A. P. 


(3) 






Hunter, Henry B. 


(5) 







29